(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The history of the Polk County Baptist Assciation : with history of churches, biographies, Southwest Baptist College, articles of faith, and church covenant"

977.8 

H12h 

1390223 

GENEALOGY COLLECTIQia 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 




833 



053 4284 



•'i/ 








Eld. B. McCord Roberts. 



THE history'^ 



OF THE 



Polk County Baptist Association 



WITH 



HISTORY OF CHURCHES, 

BIOGRAPHIES, 

SOUTHWEST BAPTIST COLLEGE, 

ARTICLES OF FAITH, AND 

CHURCH COVENANT. 



BY 



J. W. HAINES. 



1897. 

THE BOLIVAR HERALD. 
BOLIVAR, MO. 



1390223 



PREFACE. 



The history of Polk County Association in Southwest Mis- 
souri will be the story: 

First. Of its origin and progress as a body. 

Second. Its complete identification will comprise the origin 
and progress of the churches whose messengers compose the as- 
sociation. 

Third. The autobiography and illustrations of pioneer and 
veteran ministers who operated within its bounds, together with 
memoirs of many of its illustrious messengers. 

Fourth. In addition to the preceding history, it is thought 
to be an important and necessary element in the faithful render- 
ing- of its annals to incorporate the origin and prog-ress of the 
Southwest Baptist college, which has figured largely in the pro- 
gress of the association and churches. 

Fifth. Many other cotemporaneous facts and biographical 
notes, such as shall afilord pleasing relief to the considei'ation of 
dry statistics, will have due mention. 

If, however, any apology is due for the foisting of another 
book upon the attention of an indulgent public, it may be had in 
this quotation: "And of Zion it shall be said, This and that 
man was born in her. And the highest himself shall establish 
her. The Lord shall count, when he writeth up the people, that 
this man was born there." Ps. 87. With what profound interest 
do we regard the place of our nativity, the tottering steps of our 
infancy, and the unselfish care of those to whom we owe our 
present existence and prospective happiness. As in the natural, 
so in the spiritual world. 



*^ PREFACE. 



Further, it is only by perpetuation in book form that the nar- 
ration of our origin, rise and progress will be secured. And it 
will be pleasing, as well as profitable, to peruse the pages that 
will tell from generation to generation how we have contested 
for the field that lies as a redeemed trophy at the foot of the 
cross. Yea, many a battle has been fought on the Ozark hills 
and many a victory won; yet in the vale below many a warrior 
lies. And may we not write in memory of their valor and ask 
you to receive that which is written ? 



THE HISTORY OF THE 
POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



BOOK I. 



POLK COUNTY ASSOCIATION. 

The Polk County Association was organized under the 
name of Liberty in 1S40. At that time there was but little 
spiritual interest in this sparsely settled region. The country 
then was not a vast scope of dense forest and underbrush. 
There were large prairies and sloping hills, which afforded 
chasing ground for the deer, fox and wolf, that enjoyed the 
seclusion and safety of the lofty and craggy spurs of the 
Ozark range. This sport, with good venison, that seasoned 
the scanty diet of the honored pioneers, was more to be en- 
joyed by them than spiritual pursuits. 

But that Spirit which was to reprove the world, and He 
who was to "draw all men unto Him," did their work ef- 
fectually, and on the 3d to the 5th of May, 1S40, a conven- 
tion of messengers was drawn together and assembled from 
Enon, Providence and Turkey Creek, of Polk county, and 
Cedar church, of St. Clair county, and Mt. Pleasant, of 
Greene county. Rev. Wm. Tatum was elected moderator 



2 HISTORY OF rOLK COUXXr BAPTIST ASSOCIATION-. 

and Bro. James Gilmore clerk. The convention at once 
adopted a constitution and articles of faith, after which it ad- 
journed to meet in regular session with the Turkey Creek 
church September 25, 1S40. 

"The Liberty Association of United Baptists" held its 
first annual meetinjsf with the Turkey Creek church, Polk 
county, commencing September 25, 1S40. Two new 
churches were added to the list above, making seven in all, 
situated in the counties of Polk, St. Clair and Greene, having 
a membership of 112 — a small beginning, indeed, but the few 
are strong when the Lord of hosts is on their side. 

At the second annual meeting, 1S41, held at Providence 
church, Polk county, Sac River and Coon Creek churches 
were received into the association, having been recently or- 
ganized. Corresponding messengers were present from 
Spring River and Concord association. Baptist camp meet- 
ings were somewhat fashionable in that day, and the associa- 
tion agreed to hold one at the time and place of her next ses- 
sion. This custom grew out of the fact, in part, that very 
few communities were prepared to entertain the crowds that 
attended these meetings. The churches were requested to 
send up funds to the next association to support home mis- 
sions. 

Messengers from fifteen churches assembled on the fourth 
Saturday in September, 1843, at Cumberland camp ground, 
near Providence, Polk county, and held the third annual ses- 
sion. A very considerable revival influence had passed over 
the associational field, and 138 baptisms were reported at this 
meeting as a part of the fruits. The aggregate membership 
had increased to 38S. The following plan of missions was 
adopted: "Resolved, That we appoint five members of 
this board, to be known and styled ' The Board of Home 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 3 

Missions,' * * * which shall be vested with power to 
manage all missions in the bounds of this association, sub- 
ject to the following rules and regulations." There were in 
all eight rules, the second of which said: " The board shall 
in no instance incur greater expense than it has funds to 
meet." The board of missions consisted of E. M. Camp- 
bell, A. Morton, U. L. Sutherland, W. Heraldson and C. 
Dozenberry. 

In 1843 the association met at Cedar church, in St. 
Clair county. This year and the last the following new 
churches were admitted into the union, viz: Clear Creek, 
Friendship, Monagau, Pisgah, Union, Blue Springs, Horse 
Creek, Bethlehem, Greenfield, Flag Si:)ring, Alden and 
Salem. The entire membership of the association was now 
614, in all 21 churches, located in Folk, Greene, Dade, St. 
Clair, Niangua (now Dallas), Pulaski and Camden counties. 

To the session in 1S44, held at Mt. Pleasant, Greene 
county. Coon Creek church sent a query on the subject of 
communion, to which the following was given: "Resolved, 
That the following be an answer to the query from Coon 
Creek church, viz: We, as a body, do not intend, with our 
present views, to agree^to open communion with pedo-Bap- 
tists ; nevertheless, we advise our churches to exercise lenity 
toward those who may entertain a different opinion." To 
counteract open communion sentiments, the association re- 
published "Knapp's Treatise on Communion," and append- 
ed it to her minutes.* 

From 1S44 the Liberty association moved steadily on, 

through her ministry, planting and fostering churches, and 

holding regular sessions as follows: In 1S45, at Mt. Zion, 

Polk county; 1S46, at Enon, Polk county; in 1S47, Sac 

*Duncarx's History of j\Io. Bap. 



4 HISTORY OF rOLK COCNTV BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

River; in 1S4S, at Cedar church, Cedar county; in 1849, at 
Mt. Pleasant, Greene county; in 1S50, at Mt. Zion, Polk 
county; in 1S51, at Union Creek church, Greene county; in 
1853, at Liberty, Greene county; in 1S53 at Brush Grove, 
Polk county; in 1854 at ISIt. Pleasant, Hickory county, and 
at Enon again in 1S55. 

In 1846 an effort was made to unite this and Sac River 
association, B. Buckner, H. Akard and Wm. Tatum being 
appointed a committee for that purpose, but the effort failed. 

Seven churches were dismissed in 1S48, to form a new 
association, which was done, and the new fraternity was call- 
ed "Cedar Association." 

At the meeting in 1849 it elected by private ballot Elds. 
S. L. Beckley and W. B. Senter as evangelists, and author- 
ized them to take up collections wherever they thought neces- 
sary. The following year was one of marked progress, 
eighty converts being added to the church by baptism. 

The session of 1853 appointed five camp meetings with 
as many different churches, selecting from three to six minis- 
ters to attend each meeting. Glorious results followed these 
efforts in the way of conversions, the work continuing far be- 
yond the next meeting. At this session the association ap- 
pointed a collecting agent, with powers, privileges and duties 
as follows: " Resolved, That it is the duty of this associa- 
tion to appoint a traveling agent to travel and preach, to take 
up public and private collections for missionary purposes and 
pay over to some one appointed to settle with him ; and that 
the said agent shall be allowed $250 for his compensation, 
provided he collect that much, the overplus to go into the 
hands of the treasurer of the association, provided there be 
any, for missionary purposes, and E. M. Campbell is ap- 
pointed said treasurer." "Eld. B. McCord Roberts was 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 5 

elected as said traveling agent for the year 1854." "This 
system of traveling agents gave new life to the mission work 
of the association, as the contributions to her' benevolent 
work will show. $210 were reported in the treasury at the 
session in 1855, the like of which had not been known before 
in that country. The minutes of 1S55 make the following 
exhibit of the state of the work: Churches, 20; baptisms, 
283; aggregate membership, 1,140."* 

Thus the little band has grown from the feeble four to 
twenty churches, beside the seven dismissed to become Cedar 
County association. The four the mother of twenty-three in 
so short a period, and nearly 1,400 conversions and baptisms. 
In this we can see what wonderful things God can and will 
accomplish through willing agents. 

The leading ministers and members during this period 
were: Eld. Wm. Tatum (who has the honor of being its 
first moderator), Eld. D. R. Murphy, Eld. Henry Akard, 
Eld. S. L. Beckley and Eld. W. B. Senter, who was the 
founder of the Senter church, located at Humansville, Polk 
county, and Eld. B, McCord Roberts. Also brethren E. M. 
Campbell, A. Morton, U. L. Sutherland, W. Heraldson, C. 
Dozenberry, Eld. J. R. Callaway, Eld. J. E. B. Justice, 
James Bradley, John Crain and others. A grand army, of 
which but few survive in the natural life, but they have ac- 
complished a good work, which follows them, while "they 
rest from their labors" and enjoy the reward prepared for the 
faithful, t 

We must now say farewell to the name of this illustri- 
ous old pioneer association, that has shone from the far dis- 
tance of years, long years ago, like the radiant sun at noon- 

*The above quotations are from Duncan's History of Mo. Bap. 
fTheir biographies will appear in third division. 



6 HISTORY OF POLK CULNIY ISAl'lIbi ASbUt. lAl lU-N . 

day, yet, as we say farewell to our time honored Liberty, we 
welcome her back upon broader fields of usefulness and un- 
der the name of Union, sweet union. 

About the year 1S42 " Sac River Association of United 
Baptists" was organized, and comprised nearly the same ter- 
ritory, only that of Sac River association extended further to 
the west, while the eastern extremities of Liberty reached to 
some deg-ree east of Sac. This anti-missionary association 
had, in the year 1855, only nine churches and 628 members, 
yet many excellent ministers, whose works honor them in this 
generation. 

We will now notice how Liberty and Sac River associa- 
tion united and became Union association. In the year 1855, 
while Liberty association was in a most thriving condition, it 
" took into consideration the propriety of making an over- 
ture of union with Sac River association, and appointed the 
following brethren, J. R. Callaway, J. E. B. Justice, James 
Bradley, John Grain and E. M. Campbell, as a committee to 
meet Sac River association at her next sitting and present to 
her consideration the following resolves: 

" Be it resolved. That the said committee shall set 
forth the reasons why we think Liberty and Sac River associ- 
ations ought to unite, making of the two one association, viz : 
First, that they occupy a portion of the same territory ; sec- 
ond, that the boundary of the two is not too large for one; 
third, and more than all, it will remove the appearance of a 
difference, when in reality there is none." 

"Be it furthermore rebolved. That provided Sac 
River association shall accede to said proposition, the said 
committee is hereby authorized to pronounce the union con- 
summated, and to propose the word ' Union' as the name of 
the new association." 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 7 

This was in September. In the following month the 
Sac River association met and responded as follows: 

"We, the Sac River association, agree to the proposi- 
tion made by the Liberty association, through their com- 
mittee, Elds. Callaway, Bradley and Justice, to unite and 
form one association of the two, to be called ' Union Associ- 
ation;' and further, it is agreed that the churches of Sac 
River association be advised to send their letters and mes- 
sengers to Union association, to be held with the Mt. Pleas- 
ant church, Greene county, the fourth Saturday in Septem- 
ber, 1856." 

Thus was consummated the organization of "Union 
Association."* 

"In union there is strength." When the association 
convened in 1856 with Mt. Pleasant they had an enrollment 
of 35 churches and 2,103 members, and an increase of $90 
more money was spent for mission purposes than the preced- 
ing year, but only 200 baptisms occurred, while the previous 
year there were 283. But this difference does not necessarily 
show a deficiency in work, as sometimes the most labor 
shows the less results. Camp meetings had become so com- 
mon by this time that central locations were selected and 
great preparation made, such as, cabins were built in great 
numbers, provisions in large amounts were prepared, and ac- 
commodations in other ways were made by the settlers, for 
those who came from abroad, and often large numbers were 
baptized as the result. There is at present the debris of 
many of these preparations, and even yet an old-fashioned 
camp meeting is occasionally held, but substantial and neat 
church houses have taken the place of most of the brush ar- 
*Duncan's History of Mo. Bap. 



8 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO'N'. 

bors and sheds, and the customs becoming more like other 
places. 

At this time there was an able corps of ministers of 
natural ability, and some of profound eloquence, and it is 
due for us to record and remember the names of Wm. Ta- 
tum, D. R. Murphy, B. McCord Roberts, T. J. Kelly, Hen- 
ry Akard, W, B. Senter, Elijah Williams, A. C. Bradley, 
S. L. Beckley, W. F. Spillman, J. E. B. Justice, Burrow 
Buckner, J. R. Callaway, J. F. Wheeler, G. B. Mitchell, 
H. H. Williams, Robert Ross, Thompson Pitts. 

In 1 85 7 the Union association convened with Freedom 
church, Polk county. R. S. Duncan gives an account of a 
letter received from a community of Baptists in Kansas Ter- 
ritory asking that a minister visit and organize them into a 
church. A committee, appointed thereon, reported that the 
subject was "worthy of consideration and liberal patronage." 

The session of 1S57 continued its plan of missionary 
operation as was done last year. The board consisted of 
Bros. John Grain, Jas. P. Thompson, Jno. Slagle, Gharles 
Bunch and E. M. Gampbell, who were instructed to employ 
two missionaries, instead of one, and send them to the desti- 
tute parts of the association. Amount of funds on hand for 
missions, $333.20; baptisms reported, 233; members, 2,320. 

1S5S, Friday before the third Sunday in October, Free- 
dom association was organized at the house of John Brooks, 
on Flint Prairie, about twenty miles northeast of Bolivar, in 
Polk county, and met with Mt. Zoar church. The presby- 
tery was composed of brethren G. B. Mitchell, J. R. Calla- 
way, W. F. Spillman, I. Ingram, R. S. Eaton and others. 

Introductory was preached by Eld. , and Eld. R. S. 

Eaton was elected moderator and W. F. Spillman clerk. 
Committees were appointed. Elds. W. F. Spillman and G. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 9 

B. Mitchell were elected missionaries. The association ad- 
journed to meet with the church at New Hope, Dallas coun- 
ty, September 15, 1S59. 

The Freedom association of United Baptists met in 
1S59 with New Hope church, Dallas county, Missouri. Eld. 
Green Berry Mitchell was moderator, O. S. Williams clerk. 
Thirty churches were represented, with an aggregate mem- 
bership of 1,313 niembers. The following were the nrfmes 
of the churches, as appears on the minutes: Elkton, Lib- 
erty, Hopewell, Salem, Buffalo, Pleasant Grove, Mt. View, 
New Hope, Welfare, Cedar Bluff, Marshfield, Bethlehem, 
Mt. Zion, Mt. Olive, Pleasant Hill, Mt. Zoar, Bethel, 
Osage, Freedom, Pisgah, Macedonia, Prospect, Good Hope, 
Lebanon, Providence, Enon, Slagle Creek, Senter, Hebron, 
Timber Ridge. 

The names of ministers were James T. Wheeler, J. 
Randolph, J. R. Callaway, G. B. Mitchell, Isaac Ingram, 
D. R. Murphy, T. Pitts, W. F. Spillman, J. Burnes, J. H. 
Womack, R. S. Eaton and B. McCord Roberts. 

The annexed report is (to minutes) at the request of D. 
R. Murphy. Report of labor done in the vineyard of the 
Lord from the 17th of October, 1S58, to the 15th of Sep- 
tember, 1859: Traveled about 1,645 ™ilss, pi"eached 130 
sermons, delivered 55 exhortations, made 45 family visits, 
with whom I read portions of scripture, sung and prayed, 
and conversed on the subject of religion; instructed 125 
mourners, witnessed 16 professions of religion; baptized i 
convert; aided in ordaining two deacons, and in the admin- 
istration of the Lord's Supper 5 times. Exhorted and pray- 
ed at the burying of 5 persons; did much labor in the way 
of singing and prayer. Received of churches and people. 



lO HISTORY OF POLK COUNT V BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

in cash and other things, $i6S. * * * ^20 per month, 
for the time I was absent from home.* 

On motion the association adjourned to meet with Cedar 
Bluff church on Friday before the second Sabbath in Sep- 
tember, 1S60. 

The third annual meeting of the association was held 
according to previous adjournment with Cedar Bluff church, 
Greene county, commencing on Friday, September 7, 1S60. 
The introductory sermon was preached by Eld. G. B. 
Mitchell from Acts 8:4. B. McCord Roberts was moder- 
ator and A. C. Bradley clerk. Correspondence was opened 
with Bethel, Union and Cedar association. The following 
report was received from the missionary: " I have preached 
171 sermons; delivered 43 exhortations; witnessed 12S pro- 
fessions; baptized 87 persons; aided in constitution of 3 
churches ; aided in the ordination of 4 deacons ; instructed 
233 mourners; aided in getting up i Sabbath school; re- 
ceived the following contributions from the following 
churches and congregations and individuals: Liberty church 
and congregation, $8.25 ; Slagle Creek church and congrega- 
tion, $5.50; Enon church and congregation, $22.75; Fi'ancis 
Tillery, $1.00; Isaac Clark, $1.00; Bracket Davidson, 
$1.00; Rush school house brethren, $3.50; Mt. Moriah 
church and congregation, $4.30; Wm. Wommack, 25 cts. ; 
Hopewell church, $5.00. I report eleven months labor. 

Isaac Ingram." 

Elds. D. R. Murphy and John W. Williams submitted 
the following reports as volunteer missionaries : 

"Volunteer missionary report, from September 16, 
1859, to September 7, i860: Traveled about 1,420 miles; 
preached 105 sermons; delivered 120 exhortations; instruct- 
*Minutes of 1S59, P^S^ 3- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. II 

ed 242 mourners ; witnessed 1 14 professions of religion ; 
heard 94 experiences; saw 70 persons baptized; made 60 
family visits, where I read portions of scripture, prayed and 
conversed on the subject of religion; aided in the establish- 
ing of I church and in ordaining i minister and 3 deacons. 
Received of the friends of Jesus, $264.39. I should have 
done more for the cause of Christ, but I am too old to brook 
the storms of w^inter, and I was afflicted with bronchitis, and 
was unable to travel from March 12 to May 12. I am a mis- 
sionary for life, ready to receive aid from any person who 
may feel able and willing to give me aid. 

Your public servant, D. R. Murphy." 

"State of Missouri, Greene county, this, the 6th day of 
August, i860. 

Report to Freedom association, labor done the last asso- 
ciational year: Sermons preached, 143; days labor aside 
from time spent in studying, 153 days; exhortations deliver- 
ed, 43; witnessed 107 conversions; baptized 73; aided in 
the ordination of 2 ministers and 6 deacons; aided in the 
constitution of i church, and have received in money and 
other things needful for the family, $170.15. 

J. W. Williams." 

We can see by these reports of i860 that nothing has 
equalled it in the previous history of the association; $477.09 
given for missionary purposes, and 349 professions. How 
much this ought to stimulate the mission work in all genera- 
tions to come. The following was the plan adopted for mis- 
sion work for the next year: 

"Resolved, That our plan of missionary labor be per- 
petuated, and that we appoint two missionaries to travel and 
preach, six months each, and that they be paid at the rate of 
$25 per month." Whereupon the two following were ap- 



12 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTi' BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

pointed, viz: Elds. Isaac Ingram and James Randolph. 
The missionaries are required to ride two months this fall, 
commencing from this association, and the other four next 
year, including the next annual. meeting. Adjourned to meet 
with wSlagle Creek on Frida}^ before the second Sunday in 
September, iS6i. Eld. B. McCord Roberts was chosen to 
preach the intvoductory sermon. " Received for printing of 
minutes, $33.65." 

We are sad to say and record in this volume that the as- 
sociation did not convene again until 1S65. It was during 
these years (1S61-1S65) that the civil war broke out, and 
swept that peaceful prosperity from every church which had 
been so much enjoyed previously. It was not state against 
state, but father against son, son against father, and churches 
in like manner were divided. Members of the same church 
who had sworn before God, and ratified the same in their 
baptism, that they loved God and their brethren, and would 
lay down their own lives for the sake of their brethren and 
their neighbors, could forswear themselves, and imbrue their 
hands in their blood, and often with fiendish delight. 

Gladly would we close our eyes and shut out the re- 
membrance of the sanguinary contest ; but the scenes are too 
vivid, and the mem.entoes too numerous, ever to be forgotten. 
The only hope we have of modifying and allaying the acerb- 
ities of internecine strife is found in the lapse of time, and 
the white-vs'inged messengers, friendship, love and truth, ac- 
companied by the all-p'revailing power of the Holy Spirit. 

When peace was proclaimed in 1S65 the soldieiy, dis- 
engaged from war, turned their thoughts homeward. Again 
are the survivors at home, both friend and foe, in social life; 
but now they meet and talk their battles o'er, no longer en- 
emies, but with mutual concern strive together as best they 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. l^ 

can to repair the injuries inflicted upon the commonwealth. 
Such hungering and thirsting for the old-time religion of 
other days was never experienced in this land before. 

This will be better illustrated by an incident occurring 
in Paris, Monroe county, Missouri, in the year iS6S, while 
the general association of Missouri was in session. Eld. 
Jehu Robinson was called on to tell about his missionary 
work in Southwest Missouri. The ten minute rule had been 
adopted, but the old veteran went on to describe the desolate 
scenes in the southwest. No preaching; no meeting houses; 
no religious worship ; the dwellings few and far between. 
He cut down trees and converted them into rude seats and a 
rude pulpit. He warned the people in, much after the style 
of a house-raising. Day and night he would preach and ex- 
hort, and eventually was permitted to baptize a great number 
of persons. In many places in the southwest there are en- 
during testimonials of the invincible hero. But while this 
was intensely interesting, and the people were enjoying the 
story, the moderator, David Hickman, gently hinted that the 
time was up; but the Elder heard nothing, on, on he went, 
and, indeed, he could have spent many hours in relating the 
trials and triumphs of pioneer work. 

But we will now take up the history again, after four 
years of fearful interruption. In this interval there was some 
effort to observe the forms of worship, and also to carry on 
associational work, but it w^as a feeble one. 

On the 14th of October, 1865, Freedom association con- 
vened with the church at Cedar Bluff, in Greene county. 
Introductory sermon by Eld. L. J. Tatum; text, John 15:12, 
"This is my commandment, that ye love one another, as I 
have loved you." Eight churches were enrolled, with the 
names of the messengers, viz: 



14 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Cedar Bluff — Eld. J. H. Wommack, pastor; deles^ates, 
R. B. Wommack, Wm. Owen, C. Brown, E. Webb. 

Timber Ridge — Eld. J. H. Wommack, pastor; dele- 
gate, J. P. Thomas. 

Mt. Moriah — Eld. L. J. Tatum, pastor; delegates, L. 
J. Tatum, C. C. Pearce, R. H. Dooley, G. M. Alexander. 

Liberty — Eld. J. P. Akin, pastor; delegates, J. P. Akin, 
J. J. Dooley. 

Senter — Delegate, Francis Tillery. 

Brighton — Eld. H. J. Mapes, pastor; delegate, W. J. 
Tiller. 

Mt. Zoar and Elkton were represented, but names of 
delegates are not known. 

Ordained Ministers — L. J. Tatum, J. P. Akins, Jas. 
wSpain, J. H. Wommack, L. A. Smith, D. R. Murphy, H. 
J. Mapes. 

Licensed Ministers — G. W. Dooley, Alfred Mingus. 

Eld. J. P. Thomas, moderator; Eld. L. J. Tatum, clerk. 
Invited ministers and others to seats. Accepted by Eld. 

Pleasant Maines, from ; Eld. J. H. Wommack, Cedar 

Bluff; Eld. Jas. C. Keyes, Springfield; J. Dooley, Liberty; 
Shepherd J. Starns, from Illinois; Bro. J. A. Kyle, Pros- 
pect: Welcome Letchworth, Pleasant Hope. 

The following committees were appointed, viz : On 
Finance, Emory Webb, Wm. Owen; on Arrangement", 
Francis Tillery, J. P. Akins, J. J. Dooley and the moderator 
and clerk; on Destitution, the moderator, clerk and W. J. 
Tiller. Adjourned to 9 o'clock Monday morning. 

Committee on Finance reported that they received from 
the churches $8.15, and from individuals $31,00. The oth- 
er committees reported in due time. Eld. J. H. Wommack 
was appointed missionary for the ensuing year. The next 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 15 

association was appointed to meet with the church at Brigh- 
ton, L. J. Tatum to preach the introductory sermon and J. 
H. Wommack his alternate. 

We here insert the constitution as a fundamental law 
which was enacted by the suffrage of a free people, and will 
naturally challenge the freest criticism of the wise and pru- 
dent. 

CONSTITUTION. 

"Art. I. This association shall be composed of mem- 
bers duly chosen by the churches in our union, and sent to 
represent said churches in the association ; and said mes- 
senger or messengers, on producing a letter from his or their 
church, certifying his or their appointment, shall be entitled 
to a seat, and when thus convened shall be denominated 
' The Freedom Association of United Baptists.' 

2. In the letters from the different churches shall be ex- 
pressed the number in fellowship, also the number baptized, 
received by letter, dismissed, excluded, restored and dead 
since the last association ; also their church meeting days. 

3. The association, when convened, shall have no ec- 
clesiastical authority or legislative power to impose law^s on 
the churches, but will only act as an advisory council, to give 
advice to the churches when called for. 

4. This association claims the right to withdraw from 
any church that may have departed from any constitutional 
principle of this body. 

5. The association shall elect a moderator and clerk 
annually, for the time being, who shall continue in office un- 
til the association is organized at the next session. 

6. New churches that petition by letter and delegates 
for admission, may be admitted into our imion if, on exam- 
ination, they are found orthodox and orderly, and their recep- 



l6 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATICTN'. 

tion manifested bv the modevator extendinof to the delefrates 
the right hand of fellowship ; but this Association considers 
none in order that have not been properly constituted by a 
regularly ordained irsinister or ministers of the gospel. 

7. Every query presented to the association, by any 
church in the union, shall be read, oa which the sense of the 
association shall be taken whether it shall be considered, and 
if a majority are in favor of taking it into consideration it 
shall be examined, otherwise it shall be withdrawn. No 
query shall be received from any church which has not been 
deliberately considered in the church from which it came. 

S. Any church failing to represent herself two consec- 
utive years shall be inquired after, and if satisfaction is not 
given this association shall be at liberty to withdraw from 
said church. 

9. This association shall be governed by a majority in 
all cases, but in the reception of new churches, which shall 
be by unanimous vote. 

10. This association shall have the power to form 
proper rules of decorum for itself. 

11. Two-thirds of the members enrolled shall be a 
quorum to do business. 

12. This constitution inay be amended at any regular 
session of this body, by a concurrence of two-thirds ot its 
members." 

RULES OF DECORUM. 

Rule i. This association shall be opened and closed 
by prayer. 

3. A moderator shall be chosen by private ballot of 
the suffrage of the members present, whose duty it shall be 
to state and explain all questions properly brought before the 
association. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 1"] 

3. Only one person shall speak at a time, who shall 
rise and address the moderator, and shall confine himself 
strictly to the subject in debate, and shall not be interrupted, 
unless he digress from the subject, and shall in no case re- 
flect on any other speaker, so as to make remarks on his fail- 
ings or imperfections, but shall give his own views of the 
subject. 

4. No member of this association shall absent himself 
therefrom without leave of the association. 

5. No member shall speak more than three times on 
any subject, without leave of the association. 

6. No member shall whisper, or laugh, or read any 
book or paper in time of a public speech, to the interruption 
of the speaker. 

7. No member shall address another by any other ap- 
pellation than that of brother. 

8. The names of the members shall be enrolled and 
called over as often as the association shall direct. 

9. The moderator shall be entitled to the privilege of 
speaking as another member, provided the chair be filled, 
but shsll not vote unless the association be equally divided, 
then he shall give the casting vote. 

10. It shall be the duty of the moderator to call any 
member speaking to order; nevertheless, it shall be the 
privilege of the speaker to appeal from the judgment of the 
moderator to the house. 

11. Any member who shall wantonly violate any of 
the above rules shall be reproved as the association may di- 
rect." 

The next association al meeting was appointed to meet 
with the church at Brighton, Friday before the fourth Sab- 



iS HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

bath in August next; Eld. L. J. Tatum to preach the intro- 
ductory and Eld. J. H. Wommack alternate. 

The meeting for iS66 was held with the church at Sen- 
ter, in Humansville, Polk county, Missouri, September 28, 
1S66, instead of Brighton, as previously appointed. Intro- 
ductory sermon by Eld. Jas. Kennon from 3 Cor. 8:9, 
"Though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, 
that ye, through his poverty, might be rich." 

Eld. Jas. Kennon was chosen moderator pro tern. Nine 
churches were enrolled. Permanent officers were elected, 
L. C. Frazer moderator and W. M. Delaplain clerk. Anti- 
och association was represented by Bro. Wm. Hammon. 
Committees appointed : On Finance, Francis Tillery, David 
Brockus ; on Arrangements, S. S. Heydon, A. Hopper, J. 
P. Akin, with the moderator and clerk; on Destitution, 
Eld. Jas. Kennon, H. L. Green, Dennis Skaggs. 

Committee on Finance report $9. 15 received. Commit- 
tee on Arrangements report Articles of Faith and rules of 
decorum, which were received and adopted. Committee on 
Destitution report as follows : In i860 there were over thirty 
churches in our district, generally supplied with ministers. 
We have now about seventeen churches in process of recon- 
struction, partially supplied, in feeble condition, destitute of 
houses, and but five resident preachers ; no Sabbath schools 
or Bible classes. 

H. C. Ayers and W. M. Delaplain were appointed to 
bear our correspondence to Union association. Next associa- 
ciation to meet with the church at Freedom, in Polk county, 
Friday before the first Sabbath in September, 1867. Eld. 
H. J. Mapes to preach the introductory and Eld. J. P. Akin 
alternate. Prayer by Eld. Jno. C. Mitchell. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I9 

On Friday before the first Sabbath in September, 1S67, 
the association met with the church at Freedom, near Half- 
way, in Polk county. Introductory sermon by Eld. H. J. 
Mapes from Is. 62:66-6'], "I have set watchmen on thy 
walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never hold their peace day 
nor night. Ye that make mention of the Lord, keep not 
silent. And give him no rest, till he establish, and till he 
make Jerusalem a praise in the earth." 

Letters from nine churches were read and delegates en- 
rolled. The churches were Bolivar, Brighton, Senter, Lib- 
erty, Elkton, Enon, Green Mountain, Salem and Freedom. 
Bro. L. C. Frazer was elected moderator and Bro. W. M. 
Delaplain clerk. Four new churches were received, viz: 
Antioch, Shiloh, Mountain Valley of Greene county, and 
Timber Ridge of Webster county. Letters of correspond- 
ence called for. Bro. Jos. Carter was admitted from Union 
association. The following ministers were admitted as visit- 
ing brethren, viz: L. A. Smith, D. R. Murphy, Geo. Long, 
C. L. Alexander, G. W. Kelley and J. E. B. Justice. 

Three committees wei'e appointed as in the year 1866, 
on Finance, Arrangements and Destitution. The committee 
on Finance report $15.50 for printing minutes. The 
churches were advised to enlarge their contributions for print- 
ing minutes, for supporting pastors and missionaries. They 
were also advised to send delegates instructed as to their 
v/ishes concerning the second article of faith as published in 
the minutes of 1866, which was as follows: '* We believe 
the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments are the Vv^rit- 
ten word of God, and the only (true) rule of faith and practice ; 
and that they inculcate strict loyalty to civil government, and 
that we will not fellowship with those that have been in re- 
bellion against the government of the United States, without 



20 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTV BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

evidence of Gospel repentance." The article was brought 
up for reconsideration at the present session (1S67), but was 
sustained as above written. It was also resolved to send 
Eld. Joshua Baker a delegate to the convention which was to 
meet at Jeffei'son City, Mo., on Monday after last Sabbath in 
September, 1867, Eld. H. J. Mapes his alternate. 

Letter of correspondence from New Prospect association 
was presented, proposing consolidation of the two associa- 
tions. The next meeting of association to be with Enon 
church, eight miles south of Bolivar, on Friday before the 
third Sabbath in August, 1S6S. The following is a list of 
ministers' names: James Spain, Fair Grove; Jas. P. Akin, 
Hickory Barrens; L. A. Smith, Boyd, Mo. ; Jas. M. Chand- 
ler, Springfield, Mo. ; H. J. Mapes, Brighton, Mo. ; Jas. 
Schofield, Buffalo, Mo.; D. R. Murphy, Martin, Mo. Li- 
centiates, S. S. Hayden and G. N. Dooley. 

In 1868 Freedom association met with the church at 
Enon, Polk county. This is the third session since the late 
civil war. Introductory by Eld. J. P. Akin, Matt. 16:18, 
"And 1 say also unto thee, thou art Peter, and upon this rock 
I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not pre- 
vail against it." Thirteen churches reported and delegates 
enrolled. Brethren L. C. Frazer moderator and W. M. 
Delaplain clerk. Three new churches, Enon of Dallas, Un- 
ion and Union Grove. Eld. J. E. B. Justice visitor from Old 
Union association. The following visiting ministers were 
invited to seats: Jas. Schofield, A. C. Bradley and Isaac 
Ingram, and brethren J. C. Heyden, Jos. Carter and Daniel 
Brockus. 

Four committees were appointed, viz: Finance, Ar- 
rangements, Destitution and Preaching. Association ad- 
journed for preaching by Eld. J. E. B. Justice. 



"HISTORY TDTT POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 21 

Committee on Finance report $20.30 for printing min- 
xites. Committee on Arrangements reported the following 
as a substitute for the second article o'f faith as found in the 
jninutes of 1866, viz: 

" I St. That we believe that civil government is of Di- 
vine appointment, for the interest and good order of human 
society^ and that magistrates are to be prayed for, conscien- 
tiously honored, and obeyed, except only in things opposed 
to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is the only Lord of 
the conscience, and the Prince of the kings of the earth. 

2d. We recommend this association not to consolidate 
with New Prospect association. 

M. 

3d. We recommend that the association do not appoint 
a missionary for this year. 

4th, That our next meeting be held with Senter church 
at Humansville on Friday before the third Sabbath in August, 
1869, and annually thereafter on the same day." 

Committee on Destitution report great destitution, al- 
though there is a pastor for every church but one, yet, owino- 
to a lack of energy on the part of the churches to support 
the ministry, the gospel is greatly hindered. We would ask 
the association to take such action that the blood of sinners 
will not be required at the hands of the Christians of this as* 
sociation. Churches are requested to send up to the next 
meeting of the association a statement of the amount paid 
the pastors, and for building and charitable purposes. 

Resolved that Eld. Jas. M. Lappin be sent as delegate 
to the general association, and a collection taken to pay his 
expenses. Union, Zion and Old Path associations were then 
considered as entitled to correspondence. Eld. J. P. Akin 
served 60 da5^s as missionary. Collected on the field $20. 



22 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATTOIS'. 

He was chosen to preach next introductory, and Eld. Jas. 
Spain his alternate. 

The year 1S69, August 13-14, has rolled around, and 
the association convenes with Senter church at Humansville, 
the fourth session. Eld. J. P. Akin preached the introduc- 
tory, Jno. 12 and latter clause of tenth verse. Thirteei:i 
churches reported and delegates enrolled. Four new 
churches added to the roll, viz: Halfway, Friendship, Buf- 
falo and Oak Grove. Eld. Jas. Schofield was chosen mod- 
erator and Thos. Cossins clerk. Antioch association was 
represented by V. Burgess. Union association responded in 
the persons of Eld. J. E. B. Justice, A. W. Pickett and J. 
Carter. Old Path was represented by Eld. L. J. Tatum, 
The following ministers were invited to seats: M. G. Conn, 
A, W. Fitch, A. C. Bradley, Jas. Kennon. Four commit- 
tees were appointed, viz: Committee on Finance, Arrange- 
ments, Destitution and Preaching. 

Report on Finance, $26.30 received for printing minutes. 
Committee on Arrangements report a series of resolutions as 
follows, viz : 

1. That this association advise the organization of Sun- 
day schools in all our churches. 

2. That the amounts paid to pastors and for other ob- 
jects be reported next year. 

3. That we correspond with Union, Antioch, Old Path 
and Zion associations. 

4. That the articles of faith be printed with the min- 
utes. 

5. That the Central Baptist is worthy and deserves our 
patronage. 

6. That we tender our thanks to Eld. Jas. Schofield 
for the able manner of conducting our affairs as moderator. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 23 

7. That our next meeting of association be at Halfway, 
Polk county, on Friday before the third Sunday in August, 
1870. Eld. Jas. Schofield to preach the introductory ser- 
mon, and J. Baker his alternate. No missionary work re- 
ported. 

The year 1870, Friday before the third Sunday in 
August, is here, and the association is convened with the 
church at Halfway. Introductory is preached by Eld. Jas. 
Schofield, Isa. 40:9. Seventeen churches are reported and 
their delegates enrolled. Three new churches are added this 
year, viz: Mt. Pleasant, Macedonia and Mission Chapel. 
Eld. Jas. Schofield was elected moderator and Thos. Cossins 
clerk. Zion association was represented by Eld. Geo. 
Mitchell. The following brethren were invited to seats: 
Eld. L. J. Tatum, Eld. Geo. Long, Eld. B. McCord Rob- 
erts, S. O. Gordon, R. H. Chiles, J. K. Knoble, M. Wallis 
and D. Dyel. Eld. Roberts is agent of the general associa- 
tion. Eld. S. W. Marston general agent of Sunday schools. 
Eld. E. T. Brown agent of Baptist Bible and Publication 
Society. Five committees were appointed, on Finance, Ar- 
rangements, Preaching, Obituaries and Sunday Schools, be- 
sides special committees. 

Finance committee report $28.45 for printing minutes. 
Committee on Arrangements report a series of resolutions as 
follows, viz: Resolved, 

1. That Eld. J. Baker be appointed a messenger to the 
general association, and that this association be auxiliary to 
general association. 

2. That the churches be advised to report amounts paid 
to pastors, and for other objects. 

3. That we open correspondence with Webster associa- 
tion. 



/4 HiSTORY OP POLK COVNTY BAPllST ASSOrrATlOJT. 

4. That the cause of foreign missions is worthy of otrr 
prayers and contributions. 

5. That sound religious reading promotes intelligence 
and piety in cmr members; we therefore recommend the 
Central Baptist of St. Louis. 

6. That we appoint a committee of three to collect 
material for a hi&tory of this association and forward to Eld. 
S. W. Marston of St. Louis, Mo. 

7. That the names and post-office addresses of all the 
ministers in our association be published in our minutes. 

8. That our next association meet with the church at 
Buffalo Friday before the third Sunday in August, 1871, 
Eld. J. Baker to preach the introductory, S. L. Collins al- 
ternate.. 

The names of ordained ministers are as follows: D. R. 
Murphy, Humansville; J. Schofield, Buffalo; Geo. Mitchell, 
Buffalo; J. Baker, Brighton; H. C. Ayres, Brighton; Geo, 
Suitor, Halfway; T. Buckner, Faulkner's Hill; J. Spain, 
Fair Grove; J. P. Akin, Hickory Barrens. Licentiates, T. 
Balkum, J. K. Knoble, G. W. Dooley, T. Matthews and M. 
K. Pitts. No missionary work reported. 

The year 1871 finds Freedom association convened with 
the church at Buffalo, Dallas county. Mo. Eld. J. Baker 
preached the introductory, text Rom. 5:1. Twenty churches 
on the roll, all represented but one (Union). The names of 
the churches, with their pastors, were: Buffalo, Geo. 
Mitchell; Brighton, J. Baker; Bolivar, Geo. Mitchell; Sen- 
ter, Geo. Mitchell; Elkton, V. Burgess; Enon, Geo. Long; 
Enon, Dallas county, W. C. Edwards; Friendship, Jas. 
Spain; Green Mountain, T. Buckner; Halfway, Geo. 
Suitor; Liberty, J. Baker; Mission Chapel, Geo. Suitor; 
Macedonia, Geo. Suitor; Mountain Valley, J. M. Chandler; 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 25 

Mt. Pleasant, J. W. Fitch; Oak Grove, I. Ingram; Shiloh, 

H. C. Ayres ; Timber Ridge, ; Union Grove, Geo. 

Long; Union, . Eld. Geo. Mitchell was elected mod- 
erator, and W. M, Delaplain clerk, and Washington Galland 
assistant clerk. The four principal committees were on Ar- 
rangements, Destitution, Sabbath Schools, Finance. Others 
were added, as on Correspondence and Preaching. Com- 
mittee on Arrangements presented six inquiries, viz : 

1. Shall we continue to correspond with Bros. Osgood 
and Tolman, secretaries of Foreign Missions? 

2. With the general association? 

3. Shall the pastoral accounts be entered on the min- 
utes ? 

4. Where shall the next association be held ? 

5. Shall we continue correspondence with sister associ- 
ations ? 

6. Shall we seek amalgamation of Freedom and Old 
Path associations? 

Also we recommend collections for foreign missions and 
the general association. The Central Baptist is commended 
as a live Baptist newspaper. 

Finance committee report $27.95 for publishing min- 
utes. Eld. Geo. Mitchell, Bro. Henry Lovan, and pastor 
and clerk of Buffalo church, were appointed a committee to 
devise a plan for uniting Old Path and Freedom associations. 
The committee on Destitution report great lack of spiritual 
interest. A committee of three was appointed to devise 
some plan for the support of old and indigent ministers. 
Bros. Delaplain, Galland and F. Tillery were appointed said 
committee. No missionary work reported. Next associa- 
tion to be held at Union Grove, Polk county. Eld. Geo. 
Mitchell to preach the introductory, and Eld. Mark Harris 



26 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

his alternate. $27.35 ^vas subscribed for district mission 
work. Eld. Jehu Robinson was appointed missionary for 
the ensuing year. 

The sixth annual meeting of Freedom association met 
with the church at Union Grove, Polk county, on Friday and 
Saturday, September 20 and 21, 1S72. Eld. Geo. Mitchell 
preached the introductory, Phil. 1:5. Seventeen churches 
were represented and delegates enrolled, one of them (Mt. 
View) received from Old Path. Eld. Geo. Mitchell elected 
moderator and W. M. Delaplainand E. P. S. Roberts clerks. 
Visiting brethren were invited to seats. Accepted by Elds. 
J. Spain, G. W. Kelley, FI. C. Ayres and Bros. Brockus 
and R. Higginbotham. Five committees were appointed, 
viz: On Arrangements, Destitution, Correspondence, Fi- 
nance and Sunday Schools. The latter reported first with 
the motto, " The children of Missouri for Christ and the 
Baptist church." Every member of the church is urged to 
become a member of the Sunday school and work in the 

same. 

Committee on Correspondence reported a letter, as the 
custom has been, addressed to sister associations, urging them 
to fraternal and renewed effort in gospel work. Eld. J. R. 
Callaway was appointed as visitor to Old Path association, 
Eld. Jehu Robinson and Bro. E. P. S. Roberts to Spring- 
field association, and Eld. Geo. L. Wilson to New Prospect 
association. Committee on Finance report $22.65 ^^'^" Point- 
ing minutes. Eld. Jehu Robinson reports 306 days labor, 
loS baptized, 53 by letter, i church organized, i deacon or- 
dained ; cash received, $322.40. Shiloh church, Greene 
county, proposed the following queries, viz: 

I. Is it right for Baptist churches to receive Pedos and 
Campbellites on their baptism ? 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 2>] 

2. If not, what is the proper course to pursue with 
churches that do so? 

The first inquiry was answered in the negative. The 
second, to withdraw fellowship from churches that practice it. 

The next meeting of the association to be at Oak Grove 
church on Friday before the fourth Sabbath in September, 
1873. There was no appointment made for introductory ser- 
mon next year. 

The seventh annual meeting of Freedom association was 
with the church at Oak Grove, 13 miles northeast of Bolivar, 
Friday and Saturday, September 26 and 27, 1S73. Prayer 
by Eld. J. R. Callaway. Introductory by Eld. Jehu Robin- 
son, Ps. 118:25. Eld. Geo. Mitchell was chosen moderator 
and A. J. Lower and T. J. Bentley clerks. Visiting breth- 
ren received: Eld. Isaac Ingram from Freedom ; from Old 
Path association. Eld. G. W. Kelley, Eld. S. J. Starns and 
Bro. E. Rupard ; and Bro. J. O. Butler, from New Pros- 
pect. Eld. Jehu Robinson represented the general associa- 
tion ; Elds. G. Mitchell and J. R. Callaway represented the 
Bible and Publication society. Committees appointed as last 
year. 

Finance committee report $20.60 for printing minutes. 
No missionary work reported ; but the brethren are urged to 
go forward and labor, for the fields are white unto the har- 
vest. They are requested to have every Sabbath supplied 
with preaching. It was also resolved that the aged and in- 
digent ministers be provided for, and that a committee draft 
a plan to be reported next year. The Bible and Baptist 
Publication society, a branch of which is at St. Louis, Mo., 
is recommended. The next annual convocation is to be at 
Mt. View church, Sentinel Pi-airie, Polk county, Friday be- 
fore the fourth Sabbath in September, 1S74. Eld. Geo. 



28 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

Mitchell to preach the introductory and Eld. J. R. Callaway 
the alternate. 

The Baptist Freedom association met with the church at 
Mt. View, in Polk county, on Friday, September 25, 1874. 
Introductory by Eld. J. R. Callaway, 2 Tim. 4:2, " Preach 
the word." Moderator being absent, Eld. Geo. Suitor was 
chosen temporary moderator. Thirteen churches were rep- 
resented ; three churches added, viz: Brush Grove, Concord 
and Mt. Olive, in Dallas county. Bro. W. H. Branham was 
elected moderator. Brethren A. J. Lower and H. C. Turk 
clerks, Bro. J. D. Rupard treasurer. Visiting brethren were 
invited to seats. Bro. Wm. Ayres from New Prospect, Elds. 
Wm. and H. B. Wommack from Webster, Elds. S. J. Starns 
and G. W. Kelley and Brethren J. Witt and A. J. Bullen 
from Old Path responded. Sac River association sent a let- 
ter. Committees were appointed as last year. The com- 
mittee on Sabbath Schools, through their chairman, Bro. J. 
C. Smith, report a series of resolutions setting forth the im- 
portance of the Sabbath school work, and urging the 
churches to greater diligence in maintaining the same. 

The committee on aged and indigent ministers being 
absent, brethren J. D. Rupard, J. C. Nun and J. C. Smith 
were appointed a new one, who reported that they found 
such ministers in the bounds of this association. Resolved, 
That we recommend collections to be taken in the churches, 
in cash or produce, at the November and May meetings, and 
forward, or notify such ministers of said collections, and 
that each church report the amount at the next meeting. 

The following temperance resolution was adopted: Re- 
solved, That this association lift up her hand against the 
practice of selling intoxicating spirits as a beverage, and use 
all her power to put down the same, and that we, as Bap- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 29 

tists, are positively and emphatically against the granting of 
dram-shop licenses under any circumstances whatever ; and 
that the clerks of the several churches in this association are 
requested to read the above resolution to their respective 
churches. 

A resolution was adopted requesting the churches to 
consider the propriety of changing the name of the associa- 
tion to Polk County, instead of Freedom. The sum of 
$20.05 ^^ announced for printing minutes. No missionary 
work reported. Next meeting of association to be at Bolivar 
on Thursday before the fourth Sabbath in September, 1875, 
Eld. Geo. Suitor to preach the introductory, and Eld. C. L. 
Alexander his alternate. The names of pastors are as fol- 
lows: B. McCord Roberts, Ebenezer; Jehu Robinson, Hu- 
mansville; John T. Metcalf, Roscoe ; L. A. Smith, Elk- 
land: I. Ingram, Bolivar; J. R. Callaway, Bolivar; G. W. 
Kelley, Rondo; N. Gaylord, Orleans; A. C. Bradley, Wal- 
nut Grove. Elds. D. R. Murphy and G. W. Pfeifer were 
present to aid in the councils of association. 

Baptist Freedom Association met with the Bolivar Bap- 
tist church September 23, 1875. Eld. Geo. Suitor preached 
introductory sermon, text, Acts 20:28. Moderator being ab- 
sent, Eld. Jas. Schofield was chosen pro tem. Twelve 
churches represented. Letters from churches read. Reor- 
ganized by electing brother F. Tillery moderator, J. C. 
Smith, clerk, A. Hopper treasurer. Visiting brethren re- 
sponded as follows: Eld. Jas. Schofield, Eld. L. J, Tatum 
and brother D. Hitson, from Old Path association; Eld. 
Riley James and T. J. James, from Antioch, and Eld. G. 
W. Black, from Webster association. 

Conpmittees were appointed about as last year. Resolv- 
ed that Eld. S. W. Marston be heard, by his proxy, Eld. 



7,0 lIJtSTORY OF POLK COUXTV BAPTIST ASSOCIATTOJJ". 

L, J. Tatum, on state missions. Eld. J. H. Phillips of St, 
Louis also spoke. $12.15 was contributed to the state work. 
Resolved that the association retain the present name. 
The reports on Sunday Schools and Destitution are full of 
wailing and importunity. '•'■ Go work in my vineyard " is 
emphasized. Brethren A. Hopper, Wm. Cary and J. C. 
Smith were appointed an executive boaixl, with a board of 
solicitation among the churches to raise means to employ a 
missionai'y in the bounds of our association. The Sunday 
School Convention and American Baptist Publication society 
are highly commended. The temperance resolution looks to 
and prays for final subjection of the liquor traffic. Scriptur- 
al and Christian giving are insisted upon. $15.00 received 
for printing minutes. The Association to meet with the 
church at Rondo, called Mission Chapel, Friday before the 
fourth Sunday in September, 1S76. 

The time has come for the annual gathering of the hosts 
of Israel. The delegates composing the association met at 
Rondo, 12 miles north of Bolivar, with the church at that 
place, called Mission Chapel, September 22, 1S76. As the 
minutes are not lengthy I will reproduce them almost ver- 
batim. 

Bro. F. Tillery in the chair. Prayer by Eld. T. J. 
Akin. Eld. Jas. Schofield and Eld. J. R. Callaway being 
absent the moderator proceeded to business. Letters read 
and delegates enrolled. Statistical table as follows: 

Bolivar — No pastor; clerk, W. M. Delaplain; delegate, Wm. 
Cary. 

Brush Grove — Pastor, T. J. Akin; clerk, S. S. Goodwin; dele- 
gate, A. E. Crawford. 

Buffalo — No pastor; clerk, W. G. Joyner; letter, buf no dele- 
gates. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 3I 

Senter— Pastor, L. J. Tatum; clerk, W. B. B. George; delegates, 
T. J. Akin, L. C. Frazer, W. B. B. George. 

Concord — Pastor, I. Ingram; clerk, Thos. Cossins; delegates, 
Thos. Cossins, Samuel Griffin. 

Elkton— Pastor, Jno. T. Metcalf; clerk, J. H. Nun; delegates, 
Gideon Creed, S. C. Vaughn. 

Enon— Pastor, G. L. Wilson; clerk, W. F. Lawson ; delegate, 
John Talent. 

Mission Chapel — Pastor, Jehu Robinson; clerk, F. Tillery; del- 
egates, F. Tillery, C. Butler, M. Brown. 

Mt. Olive— Pastor, J. R. Callaway: clerk, Bennett Highfill ; del- 
egates, G. W. Pfeifer, Jno. D. Newport, J. H. Highfill. 

Mt. View— Pastor, G. B. Mitchell; clerk, S. D. Tidwell; dele- 
gates, Jehu Robinson, H. C. Turk. 

New Hope— Pastor, G. W. Kelley; clerk, John Allen; delegates, 
Obediah Ashlock, Wm. Minner. 

Oak Grove — Pastor, Jehu Robinson; clerk, N. K. Pope; dele- 
gates, Henry Kepley, Wm. Mashburn, Jesse Bewley. 

Pleasant Hill— Pastor, I. Ingram; clerk, G. M. Botts; delegates, 
J. R. Callaway, G. Suitor, J. Pitner, T. and J. Higginbotham. 

Union Grove— Pastor, G. W. Kelley; clerk, J. C. Heydon; dele- 
gates, S. W. Ailey, G. W. Russell, H. H. Crawford. 

Macedonia— Pastor, G. W. Fitch; clerk, R. M. Fullerton ; dele- 
gates, W. D. Cheek, Sam Jones, R. D. Lightfoot. 

Timber Ridge— Pastor, J. Good; clerk, J. H. Jackson; delegate, 
A. W. Minner. 

Bro. L. C. Frazer was elected moderator, J. C. Smith 
clerk and Thos. Higginbotham treasurer. Eld. J. R. Calla- 
way being now present, business -was suspended for the 
introductory sermon, from Matt. 20:14. New Prospect 
church was received and delegate enrolled. Eld. G. W. 
Black was received as corresponding delegate from Webster 
association. 

The following committees were appointed: Arrange- 
ments, Thos. Higginbotham, W. B. B. George, T. J. Akin, 
with moderator and clerk: Devotional Exercises, deleo-ates 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION'. 



of Mission Chapel church; Sabbath Schools, Eld. T. J. 
Akin, F. Tillery and H. C. Turk; Destitution, Elds. J. R. 
Callaway, G. Suitor and Jehu Robinson ; Intoxicating Liq- 
uors, Eld, T. J. Akin, J. C. Smith, Obediah Ashlock ; Peri- 
odicals, Eld. Jehu Robinson; Obituaries, Elds. Jehu Robin- 
son and J. R. Callaway. 

Committee on Arrangements reported the following as 
the order of business for the present association : 

1. Call for churches that were not present at first call. 

2. Shall we correspond with sister associations.^ 

3. How can we best promote the efficiency and true 
piety of the members of our denomination ? 

4. Report on Sabbath Schools. 

5. Report on Destitution. 

6. Report of Executive Board. 

7. Report on Intoxicating Liquors. 

8. Report on Obituaries. 

9. Who shall superintend the printing of minutes.'' 

10. Report on Periodicals. 

11. Where shall the next association be held, and who 
shall preach the introductory sermon ? 

W. B. B. George, Chairman. 

Correspondence was opened with Antioch, Old Path 
and Webster associations. Resolutions on third article were 
misplaced and lost. 

Committee on Sabbath Schools report: Whereas, the 
Sabbath school is one of the greatest auxiliaries of the 
church, and is yearly ushering thousands of converted souls 
into the visible kingdom of the Redeemer, here on earth, 
therefore, Resolved, That we, the members of your com- 
mittee, do earnestly I'ecommend to the Baptist churches com- 
posing Freedom association to establish and maintain Sab- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



33 



bath schools in each of their respective churches, and to work 
assiduously for the promotion of the Sabbath school cause. 

T.J. Akin, Chairman. 
Committee on Destitution report: We, your committee 
on Destitution, would beg leave to report that destitution 
does prevail to a greater or less extent all over our bounds, 
and we would request the body to devise some plan to supply 
the destitution that will be adequate to the demand, or strike 
this committee from our minutes. 

Geo. Suitor, Chairman. 
On motion the association agree to appoint a missionary 
to preach within the bound of this association, said mission- 
ary to take up collections for his support during his traveling, 
also to report his work to the next association. On motion 
Eld. G. W. Kelley was elected missionary to ride and preach 
in said association the ensuing year. 

Committee on Obituaries report: During the year we 
have lost five of our good members, belonging to Senter, 
Mt. View and Mission Chapel churches. Eld. D. R. Mur- 
phy died at Humansville, Mo., August 28, 1S75, in the full 
triumph of faith. Eld. Murphy was born November 24, 
1803; commenced preaching in 1836 in Tennesse ; in 1839 
he came to Southwest Missouri, and continued to preach 
Christ from that time to the day of his death; he was re- 
markable for his persuasive power of winning sinners to 
Christ, 

Brother Smith Barnett was born in South Carolina; 
died in Cooper county, Missouri, September i, 1875. He 
was a man of deep piety and beloved by all. 

Sister Elizabeth C. Jenkins died August i, 1876, aged 
about forty years. She lived and died a Christian. 



34 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Sister Rachel Cowden was born in Barren county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1813, died in Polk county, Missouri, August 21, 
1S76. She was a kind mother, good neighbor, and died 
happy, even laughing when past speaking. 

Deacon Jesse Boone was born in North Carolina Octo- 
ber 14, 1S07, and was killed by his team running off with 
him, in Polk county, Missouri, September iS, 1S76. He was 
a beloved father in the church and community. 

J. Robinson, Chairman. 

Committee on Periodicals report: We recognize the 
religious press as a means in the hand of God to accomplish 
much in the defense of the doctrines of the Bible and the 
conversion of souls. The press preaches to its thousands, 
while the pastor only preaches to hundreds; but there is evi- 
dently a lack on the part of our brethren to take an interest 
in the circulation of religious literature. We recommend 
the Central Baptist, published in St. Louis, Mo., by Yeaman 
& Abbott. We also recommend Dr. Ford's Christian Re- 
pository, which contains a home department edited by Mrs. 
S. R. Ford, one of the best child instructors in the world. 

J. Robinson, Chairman. 

Committee on Intoxicating Liquors report: Whereas, 
The use of intoxicating liquors, as a beverage, is a vile agent 
of human destruction, yearly creating wide-spread misery, 
poverty and woe, ushering thousands of unconverted souls 
into eternity; therefore, be it — 

Resolved, That we, the members of this association, 
raise a warning voice against this evil of all evils, and forever 
pledge ourselves to battle against this giant of intemperance 
in all its hideous forms. We look upon its patronage as be- 
ing low and groveling, and beneath the dignity of a Christian. 

T. J. Akin, Chairman. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 35 

For printing minutes, $18.30. Members received dur- 
ing year, 173; total membership, 1141. Next association to 
meet with Mt. Olive church, in Dallas county, Friday before 
fourth Sunday in September, 1877. Eld. Jehu Robinson to 
preach introductory, and Eld. T. J. Akin alternate. 

The Baptist Freedom association met with Mt. Olive 
church, Dallas county, Missouri, September 21, 1877. Eld. 
Jehu Robinson preached the introductory, followed by Eld. 
T. J. Akin, subject. Matt. 18:18. The introductory and re- 
marks were instructive, timely and Biblical. Brother L. C. 
Frazer called the association to order. Prayer by Eld. G. B. 
Mitchell. Thirteen churches were represented. Brother L. 
C. Frazer was elected moderator, J. C. Smith clerk, and G. 
H. Higginbotham treasurer. Visiting brethren. Elds. G. B. 
Mitchell, Jas. Schofield, J. H. Wommack, L. A. Smith; 
from Old Path, Eld. Z. T. Strickland ; from Greene County 
association. Eld. W. W. Wommack. 

Committees were appointed, and they reported in sub- 
stance as last year, except that the death roll has increased. 

Sister Rebecca Kennon, wife of Eld. Jas. Kennon, died 
August 9, 1877, aged 79 years, having been a member of 

church 60 years. 1390223 

Brother Creed ; no particulars. 

Brother Peter Hunt died January 25, 1877. 

Stephen Bridges died January 12, 1S77. 

Sister Elizabeth Bridges died December 2, 1876. 

Sister Lucinda J. Forgey, born October 3, 1844, died 
March 12, 1877. 

Sister Mary A. Higginbotham, aged 29 years, 3 months, 
25 days. 

Sister Susan C. Alley, born at Newport, Tennessee, 
September 2, 1823, died April 16, 1877. 



36 HISTORY OF POLK COl^^TT BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

Sister Blue : no particulars. 

Sister Sarah Pendleton, born in 1S23. died April 16, 
1S77. G. W. Kelley, Chairman. 

Committee on Periodicals report the Central Baptist, 
published by Yeaman & Ferguson, Dr. Ford's Repository, 
The Baptist, published by J. R. Graves, Memphis, Tenu., 
the Baptist Herald, published by J. G. Lemon, Lebanon, 
Mo. 

For printing minutes, $15. 35- Next association to meet 
^vith Pleasant Hill church, five miles east of Bolivar, Satur- 
day before the fourth Sunday in September, 1S7S, at 10 A. M. 
Eld. T. T- Akin to preach the introductory, and Eld. L. A. 
Smith alternate. 

The missionary. Eld. G. W. Kelley, was not able to de- 
vote all his time to labor in the field, but reports 35 days la- 
bor, 30 sermons, 13 baptized, and received in cash $16.00. 
Brethren H. Boone, A. Hopper and J. C. Smith were ap- 
pointed an executive board, who received in pledges and 
cash $130 for missionary work the ensuing year. 

September 21, 1S7S, Freedom association met with the 
chnrch at Pleasant Hill, five miles east of Bolivar. Intro- 
ductorv sermon by Eld. T. J. Akin, subject, "Primitive 
Christianity." Eld. Akin was appointed moderator pro tem. 
Fourteen churches reported and delegates enrolled. Eld. T. 
J. Akin was elected moderator and J. C. Smith clerk. Vis- 
itincr brethren, Elds. B. McCord Roberts. Jas. Schofield, J. 
H, Wommack, G. W. Kelley, B. L. Mitchell, and brethren 
D. Brockus and W. H. Branham. Greene County associa- 
tion was represented by Eld. D. P. Brockus. Monday, 23d, 
Eld. J. Robinson received as visiting delegate. Resolution: 

Resolved, That we, the members of Freedom associa- 
tion, heartily endorse the Lebanon Baptist Seminaiy as a 



HISTORY OF POLK COtTVTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOfV. 37 

Baptist school, and recommend tbe brethren throughout 
the association to patronize the same to the very best of their 
abilit}". J. J. A. 

Committees and tfaeir reports much as tbey were in 
former vears. A number of deaths are reported: Lewis 
Smith, of Senter: S. C. Vaughn and Xancy E. Skaggs. of 
Elkton: J. D. Rupard, of Oak Grove: G. M. Jones, of 
;Mt. Olive; Alex. Jones, of ^Macedonia; Jane Morrow, of 
Union Grove, 

The Central Baptist, by Ferguson & Armstrong, Tbe 
Baptist, bv T- R- Graves. Memphis, Tenn., The Battle Flag, 
by D. B. Rav, St. Louis, The Baptist Herald, by Lewis & 
Maupin. Lebanon, Mo,, and the American Baptist Publica- 
tion Society of St. Louis, are all recommended. 

Eld. G. B. Mitchell reports 99 days labor, 92 sermons, 
162 professions, 42 baptized, $40.75 collected on field. Eld. 
G. W. Kelley reports voluntary work: 18 days labor. 21 
sermons, 13 baptized, $13.00 received. For printing min- 
utes, $16.40. Next association to be at Concord Thursday 
before fourth Sunday in September, 1S79. Elds. W. W. 
Palmer and T. J. Akin to preach introductory, and L. A. 
Smith alternate. 

Freedom association is convened once more, and this 
time with Concord Baptist church, in Polk county. ^lissonri, 
September 25. 1S79, Eld. T. J. Akin in the chair. By invi- 
tation Eld. Akin preached the introductory sermon. Acts 
2:42. Fifteen churches reported and delegates enrolled. 
Eld. T. J. Akin was elected moderator, J. C. Smith clerk, 
and F. Tillery treasurer. Elds. J. H. Wommack. G. W. 
White. J. B, Meigs. G. W. Kelley. R. C. Gilmore, G. L. 
Wilson. J. Robinson, A. C. Bradley, from Dade county, and 
brother A. J. Lower, were received as visitors. Eld. Geo. 



jS HISTORY OF FOLK COTJSTTY BAPTIST ASSOCrATTO?^'. 

Long represented New Prospect association. Reynold's 
Chapel and Campbell's Grove churches were received and 
delegates enrolled. Committees are arranged as in last year^ 
with the addition of a committee an Oenominational Schools. 
The names of the iriembers of this committee were J. C, 
Smith, F. Tillery and J. F. Fulbright. Their rejx>rt is as 
follows : 

Whereas, Denominational education is of paramount 
importance to the efficiency and further growth of our Zion, 
be it 

Resolved, That we heartily endorse every Baptist 
school in the state, and bid them all God-speed j and, fur- 
thermore, be it 

Resolved, That we especially endorse our home insti- 
tution, the Southwest Baptist college, under the presidency 
of Eld. J. R. Maupin. 

Resolved, That we aid the building committee all in 
our power to complete the beautiful structure now in process 
of erection. 

Resolved, That we urge our young men and women to 
attend this institution of learning. 

J. C. Smith, Chairman. 

Committee on Intoxicating Liquors insist on prohibition 
of the sale and use of such, as a beverage. 

Committee on Obituaries report the death of Eld. Geo. 
Mitchell, whose useful career will be further noticed in an- 
other part of this book. 

Sister Mary Frances Simpson, wife of Jas. G. Simpson, 
and daughter of W. S. and M. P. White, of Cedar county, 
Missouri, was born in Polk county, Missouri, April 9, 1S49; 
married March 9, 1875; professed religion in 1S6S; died in 
great peace June 2, 1879. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. ^<) 

Two members of Brush Grove are lost to us, and yet, 
we trust, they have just entered into life. They are O'Kelley 
McGee and Wm. WoUard. One died at Mt, Pleasant, Sis- 
ter Luvina Adams. Three at Mt. Olive; Brother Jeremiah 
Highfill, born in North Carolina in 1800, moved to Missouri 
in 1853, has been a member of the Baptist church for 50 
years; Brother E, D. Fortner died in his 60th year, had 
been a member of the Baptist church 40 years; Sister Wil- 
liams, aged 93 years, had been a member at Mt. Olive iS 
years. 

Resolutions, ist. Next association meet w^ith Sentef 
church at Humansville Friday before fourth Sunday in Sep- 
tember, 1880, at II A. M. 

2d. Eld. J. R. Maupin preach introductory and Eld. 
Jehu Robinson alternate. 

3d. Churches are requested to consider the propriety of 
changing name of this association to Polk County association. 

Eld. Jno. B. Meigs, the missionary, reported 27 days la- 
bor, 22 sermons, witnessed 19 baptisms, 27 additions to 
churches, $14.85 received from the field and $20.00 from the 
board. For printing minutes, $15.90. Eld. T. L. Lewis 
was appointed missionary at $1.50 per day, while engaged at 
work in the field. 

September 34th, 1880, Freedom association meets in its 
fourteenth anniversary with Senter church, Humansville, Eld. 
T. J. Akin in the chair. Prayer by Eld. J. S. Buckner. 
Seventeen chuixhes reported and delegates enrolled. Eld. 
T. J. Akin elected moderator. Eld. T. L. Lewis clerk, and 
A. Hopper treasurer. Visitors, Elds. Geo. Suitor, G. W. 
Kelley, L. M. Clouts of North Georgia association. Eld. L. 
J. Tatum and E. Dent from Old Path, Eld. J. S. Buckner 
from Greene county, and Eld. R. D. Lollar from Tebo asso- 



40 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

ciation were received as delegates. New Prospect church at 
Halfway was received. 

Committees appointed as last year except one additional, 
and that was on Foreign Missions. Article 2 of constitution 
was so amended as to read: "And the spread of Divine 
truth at home and abroad." Eld. J. R. Maupin preached 
the introductory sermon, Phil. 1:17, "I am set for the de- 
fence of the gospel." Consecration to God of our entire 
being, and of all our hopes and aims, and all our possessions, 
was mo.^t forcibly impressed by living examples. Eld. T. L. 
Lewis, the missionary, labored 150 days, 83 professions and 
baptisms and 113 added to the churches; received cash and 
pledges, $165.75; due the missionary, $54.55; of this 
amount he received $8.75 in pledges and cash collection 
$11.70, leaving a balance due him of $34.10, which he gen- 
erously gave to the association. Pledges amounting to $100 
were made for next year. Thos. Higginbotham, A. Hopper 
and Wm. Cary were appointed the executive board. 

On Periodicals the following are recommended as being 
profitable and wholesome reading, viz: The Central Bap- 
tist, the American Baptist Flag, The Baptist of Tennessee, 
Baptist Review, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and the Christian Re- 
pository, of St. Louis. 

The report on Intoxicating Liquors is fraught with burn- 
ing words in denunciation of the infamous, soul-destroying 
traffic in spirituous liquors. Let there be no uncertain sound, 
but a united aim and determined purpose, upon the part of 
all the Baptist forces, not only to denounce, but to put down 
forever the indiscriminate sale and use of alcoholic bever- 
ages. 

The importance of Sunday Schools is urged by the com- 
mittee to whom was referred that subject. Pastors are re- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 4I 

quested to present this subject to the churches at least once a 
year. 

Committee on Home Missions, or District Missions, 
recommend that a missionary be appointed to preach in our 
bounds and to circulate Baptist literature. 

Committee on Denominational Schools would insist up- 
on the growing importance of education, intellectually and 
spiritually. The college building at Bolivar is occupied, 
though incomplete. Corresponding delegates are requested 
to bring the matter of its completion before other associations 
of Southwest Missouri. 

Report on Obituaries reveals the startling intelligence 
that 13 of our number have passed to that bourne whence no 
traveller returns. The names, as far as could be ascertained, 
we here record : 

Ann B. Suiter, wife of Eld. G. Suiter, born in Pittsyl- 
vania, Virginia, August lo, 1825 ; embraced religion while 
young; emigrated to Ohio; joined the Baptist church in 
1841 ; married December, 1842 ; died July 18, 18S0. 

The others of Pleasant Hill were Sister Sarepta Whit- 
ney, wife of Seymour Whitney, Sister Caroline McKinney, 
and Sister Caldwell. 

Sister Ann E. Gordon, of Campbell's Grove church, 
died July i, iSSo. 

Sister Malinda E. Babb, of Elkton church, died Febru- 
ary 25, 18S0; a faithful Christian and died in faith, aged 36. 

Sister Amanda C. Mead, of New Hope church, born in 
East Tennessee ; embraced religion at the age of 16; died 
May 27, 1880. Her loss was deeply felt. 

Brother A. J. Vest, of Oak Grove church, died Septem- 
ber II, 1880. Sister Mary B. Pitts died November 7, 1879. 
Sister Sarah Binion, an aged widow, died December 31, 



42 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

1879; also Sister Martha Manes and others whose names 
could not be secured. 

Eld. J. S. Buckner made the report for the committee 
on Foreign Missions, substantially as follows: 

" Ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, 
though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that 
through his poverty you might be rich." 2 Cor. 3 19. This 
is the spirit of Christ, which is the spirit of missions, "of 
him who came not to do his own will, but the will of him 
that sent him." This is the spirit that led Carey, Judson, 
Boardman and a host of others to leave home, friends, and 
all the endearments of civilized life, to go to the heathen, 
doing it heartily as unto the Lord, and not unto men, for 
they served the Lord. According to the minutes of the 66th 
anniversary of the American Baptist Missionary Union, there 
are upon their field alone in Asia 30 stations, 120 married 
missionaries, 4 unmarried men, 40 unmarried women, in- 
cluding widows of missionaries. In Asia and Europe there 
are 908 churches and 1,052 native preachers. The baptisms 
during last year on the whole field are, as far as can be as- 
certained, 8,419, and the church members 85,308. Donated 
last year, $297,851.63. Quarterly missionary meetings are 
recommended in each church. Preachers are requested to 
keep the matter before the people. And especially is it de- 
sirable to appoint as the subject for our next anniversary, the 
duty of systematic giving to the cause of Christ. A collec- 
tion was taken at once and $32.40 in cash and pledges to aid 
the foreign work. 

For printing minutes, $19.25. Prof. J. R. Maupin was 
appointed a messenger to Greene county association, I. J. 
Crosswhite to New Prospect, Elds. J. F. Suter and T. L. 
Lewis to Old Path, G. W. Kelley, J. F. Hopkins and I. W. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 43 

Foster to Antioch, A. Hopper, Prof. Maupin and Eld. J. F. 
Suter to Tebo association.. Eld. Jehu Robinson was ap- 
pointed to go to general association. The matter of chang- 
ing the name of the association was lost. Next association 
at Elkton, in Hickory county, on Friday before the fourth 
Sunday in September, iSSi. Eld. T. L. Lewis to preach 
the annual sermon, and Eld. R. K. Maiden alternate. 
Brethren A. Hopper, J. H. Hopkins and James Nun were 
appointed to meet with the Southwest Baptist convention at 
its next meeting in Bolivar. Adjourned with prayer by Eld. 
L. J. Tatum. Many eyes were bathed in tears as the breth- 
ren gave each other the parting hand. 

The fifteenth anniversary of Freedom Baptist associa- 
tion met with the church at Elkton, Hickory county, Missouri. 
Eld. T. J. Akin in the chair. Prayer by Eld. J. S. Buck- 
ner. Eld. P. Brown preached annual sermon, Luke 4:18, 
"The spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anoint- 
ed me to preach the gospel to the poor." Twenty-one 
churches were reported and delegates enrolled, five of them 
received Friday, September 23, 1881, viz: Mt. Zion in 
Polk county, Turkey Creek in Polk county. Union Hall, 
Greene county, Mt. Olive, Polk county, and Pleasant Ridge, 
Polk county. 

Eld. T. J. Akin was elected moderator, J. C. Smith 
clerk, and A. Hopper treasurer. Visitors invited were Eld. 
L. J. Tatum, Old Path; Eld. J. T. Metcalf, Antioch; Eld. 
J. S. Buckner, Greene county association, and represents 
American Baptist Missionary Union; Elds. W. B. and R. 
D. Lollar, from Tebo; Eld. Peter Brown represents general 
association. 

Committees were appointed as follows : On Arrange- 
ments, E. P. S. Roberts, H. C. Turk, Eld. B. L. Mitchell; 



44 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

on Sabbath Schools, Obe Ashlock, G. W. Ward, W. S. M. 
Barnett, Eld. R. D. Lollar; on Home Missions, J. O. Mc- 
Gee, G. H. Higginbotham, J. H. Highfill; on Periodicals, 
J. F. Ingram, Milton Brown, W. H. Branham, Eld. L. J. 
Tatum ; on Preaching, J. R. Bass, B. T. Morris, W. W. 
Grimes, A. S. Vaughn; on Obituary, J. L. Norton, T. W. 
Simpson, G. M. Botts, Eld. W. B. Lollar; on Temperance, 
J. C. Smith. R. F. Norman, A. Hopper; on Denomina- 
tional Schools, H. C. Turk, D. W. Beckner, T. B. Gordon; 
on Foreign Missions, E. D. Fortner, G. W. Williams, J. H. 
Kepley, Eld. J. S. Buckner. 

Eld. J. R. Maupin was appointed delegate to general 
association. Received for printing minutes, $25.70. Next 
association to meet with the church at Bolivar Thursday be- 
fore fourth Sunday in September, 1S83. Eld. Geo. Long to 
preach annual sermon. Eld. W. W. Palmer alternate. 

Moderator being absent on the second day. Eld. Geo. 
Long was chosen pro tern. Committees begin to bring re- 
ports. First, on Arrangements, would suggest the following 
order of business: ist, report of committee on Sunday 
Schools; 2d, roll call; 3d, Home Missions; 4th, Periodicals; 
5th, Obituaries; 6th, Temperance; 7th, Schools; 8th, For- 
eisrn Missions. 

Four Sunday schools reported in the association, viz: 
Bolivar, Mt. View, Pleasant Hill and Union Hall. The 
Sunday school is considered to be "The church at work, 
studying and teaching the Holy Scriptures." A very im- 
portant work. The home mission question is one demand- 
ino- the most serious and prayerful consideration. It is urged 
that a missionary be sent into our bounds to preach and cir- 
culate Baptist literature. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOClATIOlSr. 45 

The question of foreign missions was presented through 
Eld. J. S. Buckner, who makes some startling statements. 
The Roman Catholics number about 190,000,000, Moslems, 
170,000,000, pagan idolators, 885,000,000, Protestant Chris- 
tians, 115,000,000. China alone has one preacher for about 
i3,oor,ooo souls. In view of these alarming figures, it is 
earnestly requested that money be raised and missionaries be 
sent to all lands, to cry aloud and spare no pains in com- 
municating the word of life to the perishing. Eld. Buckner 
having been appointed last year to preach on foreign mis- 
sions, taking for his text Luke 24:47, " That repentance and 
remission of sins should be preached in his name, beginning 
at Jerusalem." Considerable prejudice had existed against 
allowing anyone to make any collections until our domestic 
mission cause had been subserved ; but when the Elder had 
spoken in his nervous style for about one hour he had swept 
away all objections, and a contribution was made in cash of 
$47.30, and pledges to the amount of $13. 

Eld. B. L. Mitchell was elected missionary for the en- 
suing year, and money and pledges were raised for his sup- 
port amounting to $106.50. A number of brethren volun- 
teered to make collections in their churches for the use of the 
missionary, viz: E. P. S. Roberts, W. H. Branham, W. S. 
M. Barnett, A. Davis, Obe Ashlock, J. C. Smith, G. H. 
Higginbotham, T. B. Gordon, D. W. Beckner, J. A. Pen- 
dleton, Jno. Murray and others. 

The committee on Denominational Schools report 
through H. C. Turk: Whereas, There is a great increase 
in interest and zeal in the cause of education ; 

Resolved, Therefore, that while we endorse every 
Baptist school in the state, we would especially recommend 
the Southwest Baptist college, situated in Bolivar, Mo., now 



46 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

about completed in its building and faculty. That it com- 
mends itself to the highest regards of all Baptists, because 
of its success in the past and its promise of future useful- 
ness. It requires still the fostering care of the brotherhood 
and an endowment to sustain its several departments. 

Resolved, Further, that we will pray for its continued 
success and we will contribute thereto of our means as we 
are prospered and as necessity demands. 

On Periodicals we have the Bible mentioned as the book 
of books, with the admonition that it be read more than it is, 
and that every household be supplied, also that the Central 
Baptist, American Baptist Flag, Journal and Messenger, 
National Baptist, The Baptist, by J. R. Graves, and the col- 
porteur work by Eld. J. W. Haines, also the Young Reaper 
and Kind Words are all worthy of our patronage. 

The unholy traffic in ardent spii^its receives its usual 
share of attention and the Bible is drawn upon to support the 
plea of total abstinence, Lev. 10:9, 10. God's people are 
called the " light of the world," therefore they are advised 
to refrain from dram-drinking, from visiting places where al- 
coholic drinks are sold, and from signing petitions for dram- 
shops, or from encouraging the sale or use of alcohol as a 
beverage in any way whatever. 

The mortuary list has increased. The committee on 
Obituaries report 16 deaths during the past year. 

Sister Elizabeth Jarnigan was born in Granger county, 
East Tennessee, in 1805, and died in the triumphs of faith. 

Sister Ruth Kennon died in good hope. 

Eld. Geo. W. Kelley died November 24, iSSo, while 
holding a protracted meeting at Pleasant Ridge, Polk county. 

Sister Luvicey Boone died March 3, 18S1 ; a consistent 
Christian. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 47 

Brother Benj. Brown died Februaiy 14, 18S1 ; a faithful 
member 25 years. 

Brother Monroe P. Barnett, born July 17, 1S60, died 
January 2, 18S1, in faith. 

Other names are not given by the committee. 

It will appear to the casual reader that there is much ap- 
parent repetition in the account of each year's work, but two 
objects are gained in this, viz: In calling to mind the actual 
workers in the field, and next, the progress and improvement 
of all departments of associational work. 

The sixteenth annual session of Freedom association 
convened with the church at Bolivar, Mo., Thursday, Sep- 
tember 21, 1S82, at II A. M. Eld, Geo. Long preached the 
annual sermon, subject, " Thou art Peter, and upon this rock 
I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not pre- 
vail against it." Objection was offered to one point in the 
sermon, viz: If one should say he was converted, and yet 
refuse to be baptized, he would doubt the conversion. Eld. 
B, McCord Roberts and others stoutly protested that such 
language was rank Campbellism ; but Eld. Long slowly 
evolved the idea that a man must be soundly converted before 
he was entitled to baptism. 

Eld. Jehu Robinson was elected moderator, J. C. Smith 
clerk and G. H. Higginbotham treasurer. Letters and dele- 
gates announced from 21 churches, and two more added, 
Weaubleau and New Hope. Eld. J. S. Buckner represents 
American Baptist Missionary union. Eld. L. M. Berry the 
general association, Eld. B. McCord Roberts Greene county 
association, and Eld. Isaac Ingram of Slagle Creek, Profs. 
Allison and Ingram of Southwest Baptist college. The us- 
ual roll of committees were set to work, and pending their 
reports it was agreed that the next association meet with Mt. 



48 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOrN". 

Pleasant church in Dallas county, Thursday before fourth 
Sunday in September, 1SS3. Eld. B. McCord Roberts to 
preach annual sermon, and Eld. Jehu Robinson alternate. 
$29.05 for printing minutes. 

Could the ten committees all be heard, and could their 
several admonitions be duly impressed on all minds and 
hearts, there would be little need of additional legislation. 
The Sabbath school, the college, the home mission and the 
foreign, the temperance interest and appropriate care for the 
dead, would all rise to the high ideal of the most sanguine ; 
but unfortunately for ovir race, and the age in which we live, 
we ai'e duly impressed for the moment, but the most impas- 
sioned thoughts are permitted to subside and give way to sor- 
did gain. The things that make for our present comfort are 
held at a high premium, while the things that inure to our 
future prosperity, or ultimate glory, are pleasant phantoms 
that may beguile us as we pass along. Martha was cumber- 
ed with much serving; but Mary hath chosen that better part 
that cannot be taken from her. Upon the part of every com- 
mittee, and the subject they present, there is an earnest plea 
for greater activity and for prayerful consideration of the 
needs of the hour, and for the best methods. 

A letter was read from Eld. W. R. Manley, who is now 
in India. The letter was directed to Freedom association 
and asks that the association continue to sustain Caravulla 
Davidu, a native preacher, who is a good man and doing a 
good work. $29.90 was raised in money and pledges, one- 
half of which was raised by the sisters present to support 
Davidu's wife in her noble work of teaching. A special 
prayer was offered for our missionary in India. $71.25 was 
raised in money and pledges for home (district) missions. 
Eld. B. L. Mitchell elected missionary. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 49 

Eld. J. F. Suter, chairman of committee on Temper- 
ance, presented an elaborate report that is characteristic of 
the man, and embraces about all that need be said to con- 
vince the most skeptical or indifferent. 

We, your committee on Temperance, would state that 
of all evils on earth which are most detrimental to the pros- 
perity and happiness of the human race, the use of alcoholic 
and malt liquors is the worst. By its use the mind is injured, 
the body wrecked, the energies paralyzed, and everything 
within man that is pure and noble is brought to shame and 
disgrace. His whole moral character is blighted. See him 
as he reels and tot];ers under the influence of this degrading 
curse, with his mind deranged, and his limbs paralyzed, and 
ask, what benefit is man to society in this condition.? Yea, 
brethren and friends, ask yourselves, with an honest heart be- 
fore God, what benefit are these intoxicating drinks to men? 
Reason and common sense say they are worthless, a blighting 
curse. Then, 

Whereas, All intoxicating drinks, used as a beverage, 
are not only worthless, but lead to drunkenness, to riot and 
to murder; and. 

Whereas, it leads to poverty, to the overthrow of do- 
mestic happiness, to the corruption of youth, to the ruin of 
society; and. 

Whereas, It is a hindrance to national prosperity, to 
educational progress, to religious advancement; and. 

Whereas, It is manufactured for the pecuniary benefit 
of a few, regardless of the interest of the many, and of the 
evil consequences that follow its U'le ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That Freedom association would recom- 
mend the total abstinence from all intoxicating liquors as a 
beverage ; and also be it 



50 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



Resolved, That we petition the legislature of Missouri, 
when next assembled, to submit to the voters of this state the 
following proposition: That the manufacture, sale and im- 
portation of all alcoholic and malt liquors be prohibited in 
Missouri, except for medicinal, mechanical and scientific 
purposes. 

The seventeenth anniversary of Freedom Baptist asso- 
ciation was duly observed by meeting with the church at Mt. 
Pleasant, Dallas county, Missouri, brother M. L. Reynolds 
moderator pro tem, T. B. Gordon clerk. Owing to the 
death of Eld. B. McCord Roberts, who was to preach the 
annual sermon, also the alternate. Eld. J. Robinson, being 
absent. Eld. B. L. Mitchell was chosen to that duty, taking 
for his text 2 Tim. 4:2, "Preach the word." 

Letters were received from 16 churches and delegates 
enrolled. Two churches were added, Buffalo and Pleasant 
View. Brother Mark L. Reynolds was elected moderator 
and brother T. B. Gordon clerk, G. H. Higginbotham treas- 
urer. Visitors invited to seats were: Eld. J. S. Buckner, 
represented American Baptist Missionary Union and Greene 
county association ; Eld. D. P. Brockus, of Greene county as- 
sociation ; Elds. J. H. Stinecipher and W. E. Speers, of Old 
Path; Eld. R. S, Duncan, vice-president and corresponding 
delegate of Foreign Mission Board, Richmond, Va. ; Elds. 
J. H. Wommack and F. A. Miner, of Webster county as- 
sociation. 

Committees, having been appointed in due time, were 
ready on the second day (Friday) to bring up their reports. 
From these reports the brotherhood, and the communities 
who may read them, are gathered the condition of the 
churches and the general needs of the field. Brother D. W. 
Beckner, chairman of committeee on Home (District) Mis- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 5 1 

sions, would advise more systematic work, in giving to the 
cause, in order to the support of pastors and missionaries. 

Eld. B. L. Mitchell, chairman of committee on De- 
nominational Schools, would urge the patronage of our own 
schools, and would call attention to the college located at 
Bolivar as eminently worthy of being sustained by our breth- 
ren and friends. 

Brother G. H. Higginbotham, chairman of committee 
on Sunday Schools, claims that there is sad neglect of Sun- 
day school work in our association. The church that neglects 
to have a Sunday school fails to do her whole duty. It is 
the pastor's duty to oversee the church in her work, and 
quotes Acts 20:28. Therefore, every pastor should endeavor 
to have a Sunday school in the churches which he oversees. 

Dr. J. E. Loafman, chairman of committee on Periodi- 
cals, insists upon it that the Bible is the book of books and 
should be closely and critically read and studied. A relig- 
ious, especially a Baptist paper should contain nothing but 
the purest religious literature. He objects to so much adver- 
tising, and especially deceptive and false headings, calculated 
to deceive. And he recommends the Baptist papers of St. 
Louis and Memphis as nearest the standard hereby indicated. 
The doctor was appointed chairman of special committee to 
report on the death of Eld. B. McCord Roberts. A more 
extended notice will be given in third division of this book. 

C. T. Williams, chairman of committee on Temperance, 
would recommend the suppression of the manufacture and 
sale of intoxicating liquors in our state, and next, that the 
sale and manufacture of the same, by any person, be made a 
bar to fellowship in the church. 

John T. Anderson, chairman of committee on Foreign 
Missions, quotes a number of passages of Scripture in sup- 



r2 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

port of foreign mission work. He would advise, first, that 
we confess our sin in neglecting this work so long; second, 
that a united effort be made by pastors to stir up the churches 
upon this subject; third, that special times for prayer for for- 
eio-n missions be observed and collections taken for the work. 
First, for our native preacher among the Telegus ; second, 
to assist in sustaining Miss Emma Young, of Dade county, 
Missouri, who is going to China as missionary of the South- 
ern Baptist convention. Resolved, That this association 
adopt Miss Emma Young, a graduate of Southwest Baptist 
colleo-e, and pledge to her our support as far as possible. 
The amount raised in cash and pledges for her at this time, 
$21.05; for the native preacher, $17.05. 

Report on Obituaries gives the aggregate of 15 deaths. 
Onlv a few names could be secured. 

Sister Martha M. Hayden was born in Tennessee in 
1S33; moved to Missouri when 16 years of age, and was 
married to Wm. Hayden March 30, 1S49; died August 3, 
1883, aged 61 years. 

Brother J. V. McKinney, of Pleasant Hill church, was 
born 1S32, died August i3, 1SS3. 

Deacon Samuel Hendrickson, of Macedonia church, 
died April 3, 1SS3. 

Sister Lucinda McGinnis, of Reynolds Chapel, died 
July, 1883. 

For printing minutes, $35.00. Donation to Southwest 
Baptist college, $40.00. The association to meet with the 
church at Mt. View, I3 miles north of Bolivar, Missouri, 
Thursday before the fourth Sunday in September, 1884. 
Eld. J. R. Maupin to preach annual sermon and W. W. 
Palmer alternate. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 53 

The Baptist Freedom association met with the church at 
Mt. View, Polk county, Missouri, September 25, 1SS4. 
Moderator being absent, the clerk called association to order. 
Eld. W. W. Palmer was elected moderator pro tern. Twen- 
ty-five cliurches on the roll ; 33 represented by delegates. 
Eld. W. W. Palmer elected moderator and T. B. Gordon 
clerk. Eld. J. R. Maupin preached the annual sermon, 
Matt. 28:19. Visitors, Elds. L. J. Tatum, J. H. Stineci- 
pher and David Hitson, from Old Path association. 

Reports of committees tell us of the labors of our breth- 
ren in different departments of Christian work. The college 
is prominent in the number. Dr. J. E. Loafman, Elds. B. 
L. Mitchell and J. A. Elliott would call special attention to 
the merits of the institution, winding up with a resolution, 
" That we will foster it by our prayers, patronage and finan- 
cial support." Eld. J. R. Maupin was granted the oppor- 
tunity to address the association in the interest of Southwest 
Baptist college. 

J. W. Haines and W. W. Grimes present the names of 
those who died in the bounds of the association, as far as 
could be ascertained : Mrs. Nancy S. Pendleton, Hannah 
Lindsay, Abigail Lindsay, J. K. P. Jump, Henry Highfill, 
Sister Green, Elizabeth Lindsay, Adaline Delaplain, John L. 
Mead, Loretta Zumvvalt. Bettie Roberts, John Vaughn, Mat- 
tie Johnson, Sarah Hale, Nathan Redd, Paris McCracken, 
Jacob Phipps, and Sarah Lunsford. 

On Sunday Schools, Geo. Long and S. D. Tidwell urge 
greater activity. 

Elds. J A. Elliott, J. W. Haines and B. L. Mitchell 
present an elaborate report on foreign missions, with a series 
of resolutions, among them one remembering Miss Emma 



54 HISTORY OF POLK COITSTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

Young-, the first foreign missionary from our midst. Collec- 
tion for foreign missions, $45 oS- 

Brethren G. H. Higginbotham, Geo. Long-, W. S. M. 
Barnett and W. H. Branham report some destitution in our 
bounds. They urge larger gifts to the pastors so that they 
may give their entire time to the ministry, and that a mission- 
ary be chosen to travel and preach only to the destitute. Eld. 
G. jNI. Botts, the missionary, reports 80 days labor; 11 re- 
ceived for baptism ; 4 professions ; assisted in ordaining one 
minister; collected on the field, $37.17; collected at present 
session, $10.15. Eld. G. M. Botts was elected missionary 
for ensuing year. 

Eld. Geo. Suitor, the chairman on periodicals, presents 
his report in the same langriage as published last year. 

Eld. Geo. Long and J. O. Butler write the most caustic 
and burning- words that could be written, to tell of the moral 
wreck and horrible wickedness of the liquor traflSc, and the 
association approving, passed the resolution that they will do 
all that is honorable to drive the evil from our midst. 

For printing minutes, $27.00; for foreign missions, 
$4.75; for district missions, $15.50. Next association to 
meet with church at Mission Chapel, north of Bolivar 12 
miles, on Wednesday before the fourth Sunday in September, 
18S5. Eld. B. L. Mitchell to preach the annual sermon, 
Eld. E, D. Turner alternate. 

The nineteenth anniversary of Freedom association met 
with the church called Mission Chapel, at Rondo, 12 miles 
north of Bolivar, on Wednesday, September 23, 1885. Eld. 
J. W. Haines moderator pro tem, W. S. Askren clerk. Eld. 
B. L. Mitchell preached the annual sermon, theme, "A Call 
to Duty." Eighteen churches were represented by letter and 
delegates. Eld. T. J. Akin was elected moderator and W. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION*. 55 

S. Askren clerk. Visitors, Eld. J. H. Smith, of Zion asso- 
ciation ; Eld. Kain, of Old Path ; brethren Bass and Vaughn, 
of Elkton church; Eld. M. Root, of Cedar county associa- 
tion ; J. C. Sheriff, of Old Path association. 

Nine committees were appointed, as follows: Arrange- 
ments, Eld. B. L. Mitchell, Jas. Tillery, W. H. Branham ; 
Home (District) Missions, Eld, J. \V. Haines, Eld. G. M. 
Botts, Jas. Bennett; Periodicals, S. Mapes, W. S. Odor, J. 
H. Highfill ; Devotional Exercises, Milton Brown, Samuel 
Tillery, Obe Ashlock ; Obituaries. G. W. Burnes, J. A. 
Baker, J. C. Cavin ; Intemperance, E. L. Carneal, A. S. 
McPheeters, J. H. Stinecipher ; Denominational Schools, 
Eld. B. L. Mitchell, W. E. Hoover, A. H. Slate; Foreign 
Missions, B. F. Chamberlain, J. A. Sharp, T. Patterson; 
Finance, J. W. Pope, Benton Cox, R. F. Xorman. 

Ttie report of the missionary was heard. Eld. G. M. 
Botts, the missionary, labored 115 days; 50 professions ; 4 
baptized; 7 approved for baptism; received $42.85, or 37^ 
cents per day. Eld. J. H. Highfill was selected as mission- 
ary for next year. The next association is to meet with the 
church at Pleasant Hill, five miles east of Bolivar, Saturday 
before the fourth Sunday in September, tSS6. Eld. J. H. 
Stinecipher to preach the annual sermon and Eld. E D. 
Fortner alternate. Eld. T. J. Akin to preach the missionary 
sermon and A. S. Ingman alternate. 

Moderator appointed brethren B. F. Chamberlain, W. 
E. Hoover and John Higginbotham a missionary board. 
Their duties are not defined by the association. 

Foreign Missions are reported and discussed. China, 
Japan and Africa are before us as never before. We find in 
the great commission, " Go ye into all the world," means all 
nations, kindred and tongues. In Mexico and South Amer- 



j6 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCrATro-N". 

ica thei'e is awful destitution. We recommend the continu- 
ance of our support to the native preacher among tlie 
Telegus, also to Miss Emma Young. The Foreign Mission 
Journal and Heathen Helper are recommended. 

Home, or District Missions, tell of good cheer, and yet 
there is great peril on account of neglect. It was resolved to 
put a missionary in the field the ensuing year and support 
him in the work. $17.35 was raised for the work; besides, 
$8.30 was raised to pay the missionary on last year's service. 

The committee on Denominational Schools desire to say 
they believe in a denominational school, yet it is not the de- 
sign to teach the peculiar tenets of our faith. It is expected, 
however, that educated men and women be sent out from 
Southwest Baptist college that will honor it, and who may be 
able to defend our faith. An indulgent public is solicited to 
aid in moral and financial support. 

The committee on intoxicating liquors give their voice: 
" Whereas, The use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage is 
productive of much evil in our land, and as the church is the 
' Light of the world ' — ' the salt of the earth/ Therefore, we 
would advise that the Baptists of Freedom association do all 
in their power to save the people from the sin of intemper- 
ance ; that we discourage dram-drinking, which is the begin- 
ning of drunkenness, and that we strive to put down the sale 
of intoxicating liquors in our county, except it be for medical 
or mechanical purposes. We would advise that our minis- 
ters preach against intemperance, and that our churches do 
not tolerate it in their members, and that the entire member- 
ship speak and work against it in every Christian way possi- 
ble." 

Eld. J. H. Stinecipher, chairman of committee on Sun- 
day Schools, names four churches that have Sunday schools, 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 57 

and that glorious results follow where they are maintained. 
They are, Bolivar, Buffalo, Mt. View, and Weaubleau. He 
advises that the pastors, members and the missionary give 
this subject their prayerful consideration, 

Bro. J. C. Cavin, J. A. J. Baker and G. W. Burnes, 
committee on obituaries, report 19 deaths, five of them not 
named. They are : Eld. Geo. Suitor, Martha Buskirk, 
John Weise, Sister Scott, E. P. S. Roberts, Jesse H. Mur- 
ray, Wm. Rogers, Rachel Rogers, Sarah Graham, Rhoda 
Reed, Nancy Brown, Hannah George, Joseph George, W. 
A. George. 

Bro. S. Mapes, of committee on periodicals, gives us a 
repetition of last year's report, recommending Central, Flag, 
Tennessee Baptist, Chicago Standard, and other Baptist pe- 
riodicals. These are coinmended as great educators, and 
would be infinitely better than the ma.-s of fiction and folly 
that is mentally digested every day. 

The twentieth session of Freedom association was with 
the church at Pleasant Hill, Polk county, Missouri, Septem- 
ber 25th, 18S6. At II 130 the association was called to order 
by Eld. J. W. Haines. Prayer by Eld. R. B. Carnett. The 
following officers were elected, viz : Eld. J H. Stinecipher 
moderator; Eld. B. L. Mitchell clerk; W. F. Burnes treas- 
urer. Letters read and delegates enrolled from 29 churches. 
Eld. J. H. Stinecipher preached annual sermon; text, Matt. 
28:19. Eld. W. D. Clark of Baptist Flag; Eld. J. M. 
Hunt of Central; Eld. D. P. Brockus of Greene County; 
Eld. R. B. Carnett of Webster County; Eld. J. R. Calla- 
way of Freedom, were invited to seats. The moderator made 
the follov.'ing appointment of committees: On arrange- 
ments, J. W. Haines, C. C. Smith, E. D. Fortner; home 
missions, B. F. Chamberlain, J. H. Highfill, I. M. Beckner; 



58 HISTORY OF rOLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

periodicals, Mark Harris. J. W. Haines, B. L. Mitchell; 
obituaries. J. J. Reynolds. A. E. Crawford, \V. E. Hoover; 
intemperance, A. D. Powers, A. Hopper, H. Southard; 
denominational schools, C. P. Williams, A. S. Ingman, Jas. 
Bennett; foreign missions, R. T, Ellis, Jas. T. Wilson, Jas. 
Owen; finance, John Baker, J. F. Goodman, Henry Short; 
Sabbath schools, E. D. Fortner, Wm. Haydon, J. A. Math- 
is. Eld. R. B. Carnett preached Saturday night; subject. 
I John 1:10. Eld. W. D. Clark preached Sunday: subject, 
"Is life worth living.^ " Eld. T. A. Davis preached Sun- 
day; subject. Rev. 22:17. Eld. J. H. Stinecipher preached 
Sunday night; subject, " The great Salvation." 

On Monday morning I. M. Beckner presented report of 
home missionary and missions. Eld. J. H. Highfill labored 
144 days; loi professions; Si baptized and 13 received by 
letter; ordained 4 deacons; received $90.55; $53.45 due 
the missionary, which w^as promptly paid. The report was 
quite encouraging, and after the reading of the report and the 
resolution to employ a missionary for another year, Eld. J. H. 
Highfill was chosen, and authorized to go into the destitute 
fields and preach the word. 

The subject of foreign missions was next presented by 
R, T. Ellis. God, in his commission, declared that repent- 
ance and remission of sins should be preached in all nations, 
beginning at Jerusalem, where they were endued with powder 
from on high, that those who sit in darkness might be 
brought from darkness to light, and turned from the power 
of Satan unto God. We therefore urge the importance of 
prayer. Then reference was made to them who plead for 
His Son. Paul was bound in prison, but his prayer was 
heard. Peter, also, was in prison and the Lord heard the 
prayers of the brethren for him. Therefore, we say to the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 59 

brethren, cease not to prav and to help, and sav to our mis- 
sionaries, " Go forward, you shall have our prayers and fi- 
nancial aid." $46.50 was raised for this work. 

Eld. A. S. Ingman next reported denominational 
schools: Dear brethren, from experience and observation 
we are convinced that it is best to run our schools under de- 
nominational control. A school of such a character is a 
strong center of influence. From it educated men and wom- 
en are sent out to train the vouth of our land, and to teach 
and defend our doctrines. Such a school we have in South- 
west Baptist college, located in our midst. We feel assured 
that the boai'd of trustees and the facultv are making every 
effort to make this the best school in the west. The school 
needs support, and we call upon all lovers of truth and edu- 
cation to give it all the support they can, both in patronage 
and monev. 

Pending this report some strong appeals were made to 
the association to ralh' to the assistance of the school and clear 
the house of the present debt, and put their children in 
school at once. 

Brother Jas. A. Mathis brought up a report from the 
committee on Sunday schools: Eight churches have Sunday 
schools. Bolivar, Mt. View, Enon, Rose Hill, Xew Hope 
(Dallas county), Reynolds Chapel, Pleasant Hill and Brush 
Grove. This, indeed, denotes improvement. Let us labor 
and hope and pray that all the churches will be blessed with 
Sunday schools. 

Eld. Mark Harris, from committee on periodicals, savs: 
We would recommend the Bible, the book of books, to be 
read and studied. We would also recommend that our de- 
nominational literature be kept in our houses, churches and 
Sunday schools. 



6o HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Brother A. D. Powers, from committee on intemper- 
ance, would say: Whereas, Intemperance is killing its 
thousands yearl}', and spreading distress all over our land, 
and sending its millions to despair and hell, be it therefore. 
Resolved. That this association recommend total abstinence 
from intoxicating liquors, and that we teach our children that 
it is a disgrace to use the intoxicating cup, and that we dis- 
countenance the right to sell the same. Therefore be it fur- 
ther resolved, that we are in sympathy with anything that has 
for its obiect the prohibiting of its manufacture or sale. 

W. E. Hoover, from committee on Obituaries, tells us 
of 36 persons who have been stricken off our church rolls and 
left the church militant to enter the more glorious realities of 
the church triumphant. Only three of these names are given. 
Deacon Obediah Ashlock, who died January, 1S86; Sister 
Mary Worthan died February, 18S6; Sister Sharp died 
April, 1S86. 

Brother J. F. Goodman reports the financial work of the 
association for the year ending with this session: For home 
missions, $144.00; foreign missions, $46.50; pastor's sal- 
aries, $1,393.00; incidental expenses, $131.15; Sabbath 
school, $308.00; printing minutes, $34.50. Next associa- 
tion at Senter church Wednesday before fourth Sunday in 
September. 1887. 

Freedom association met at 11 A. m. with .Senter church, 
Humansville, Polk county, Missouri, Wednesday, September 
31 18S7. Eld. J. H. Stinecipher called association to order. 
Prayer by Eld. J. S. Buckner. S. D. Tidwell clerk pro tem. 
Eld. J. S. Buckner preached annual sermon. Twenty-five 
churches were represented by letters and delegates. Eld. T. 
J. Akin elected moderator, J. L. Kinder clerk, A. Hopper 
treasurer. Constitution and by-laws were read, and corres- 



History of polk county baptist association. 6i 

ponding delegates and visitors invited to seats with privilege 
of counsel, but not to vote. Eld, Chai'les Ingram of Cedar 
County association ; Eld, M. Thrailkill of Zion association ; 
Eld. Joshua Hickman of General association; Eld. J. S,. 
Buckner of State Sunday School work. 

Some new committees were added as follows: District 
missions are defined to be within the limits of Freedom asso- 
ciation ; State missions belong to the State of Missouri ; Home 
missions to the southern states, or under the supervision of the 
Southern Baptist Convention ; foreign missions to foreign 
lands. Ministerial education Is also added. The following 
committees were named by the Moderator: On arrange- 
ments, J. W. Haines, S. D. TIdwell, A. Hopper; home 
missions, J. H. Stinecipher, B. F. Chamberlain, E. D. 
Fortner; periodicals, J. W. Burks, J. P. Brownlow, Benj. 
Wingo; obituaries, W. S. M. Barnett, J. A. Mathis, J. H. 
Kepler; intemperance, J. H. Stinecipher, E, Beck, J. L. 
Kinder, D. E. Schofield; denominational schools, Dr. J. E. 
Loafman, J. P. Brownlow, James Brock, P. M. Hardy, W. 
H. Branham ; foreign missions, J. C. T. Wood, G. M. 
Botts, J. F. Ingram, Thos. Semands, G. W. Williams; fi- 
nance, A. Hopper, N. S. Harrill, A. J. Lower; Sabbath 
schools, W. McGee, S. J. George, W. A. Burks, A. Voris, 
J. Barclay; State missions, J. C. T. Wood, J. W. Pope, B. 
F. Chamberlain; ministerial education, J. W. Burks, M. L. 
Leach, S. Mapes, J. W. Haines, D. E. Schofield; religious 
exercises, J. W. Burks, S. J. George, A. Hopper, John 
Molder; district missions, B. F. Chamberlain, Thos. Se-. 
mands, J. C. T. Wood, E. D. Fortner, W. H. Branham. 

Committee on arrangements report: i, association to be 
called to order by the moderator; 3, Introductory sermon; 
3, temporary organization ; 4, roll of churches called ; 5, per- 



62 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

manent organization; 6, admission of new churches; 7, ap- 
pointment of committees, viz: On a, arrangements; b, 
home missions ; c, foreign missions; d, State missions; e, 
district missions; f, denominational schools; g, ministerial 
education; h, periodicals; i, Sabbath schools; j, religious 
exercises. 

Every report brought in is full of eaiTiest entreaty, sup- 
ported by statistics and cogent argument, so much so that if 
space would permit we should publish them entire. Brief 
mention must suffice. 

On ministerial education it is recommended that young 
men bearing evidence of a call to the ministry be encouraged 
to consecrate their talents to the Master's service, and that 
the churches of this association assist them in their prepara- 
tion. To this end it is urged that Baptist parents send their 
sons and daughters to the Southwest Baptist college to obtain 
that broad culture so essential to our life and growth. 

On denominational schools there is a similar plea, with 
further incentive to the support of the above-named school. 
The names of Allison, Maiden, Elliott, Ayres, Brownson, 
Bowerman, John Young and his sister, Emma Young, are 
mentioned out of a host of worthies who are filling important 
places in the Master's service. 

On Sabbath schools it is stated that a little over half the 
churches in Missouri are without Sunday schools. Twelve 
churches report Sunday schools in our association. $4.00 
collected for Sunday schools. 

On intemperance, the committee depicts in glowing 
terms the sin of intemperance, resolutions are offered, invok- 
ing all good citizens, our government, and God Almighty to 
come to the rescue and put down this monster evil. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 63 

On the subject of home missions we are told of the cry- 
ing need in our Southern Baptist convention district, embrac- 
ing the southern states, Mexico, Cuba, etc. Bros. Hyde and 
Marston deserve our prayers and hearty support. Our 
preachers are requested to preach one sermon each, through 
the year, on this subject. The destitution of the district is 
proportionate to the larger fields. Only the trouble is that 
nine-tenths of all contributions is given by one-tenth of the 
church members. The proportion of expenditure is 98 per 
cent, at home and 2 per cent, abroad. Also, there is one 
minister for every 600 persons in America, and in foreign 
lands one minister for half a million. Pastors are recom- 
mended to preach on missions and take collections for foreign 
missions, and it is desired that the sisters take collections for 
Miss Emma Young, our missionary in China. 

On periodicals, the importance of religious literature is 
insisted upon. The three periodicals in St. Louis and the 
American Baptist Publication society of Philadelphia are 
highly recommended. 

On obituaries, we have the statement that 27 of our 
number have passed to that bourne whence no traveler re- 
turns, but no name is given. 

On state missions, 40 men are employed, 1,500 souls 
converted. Each church is asked to set apart one day in the 
year for solid work, and importunate prayer and liberal con- 
tribution. 

On finance, we have the four distinct branches clearly 
outlined of our mission work, viz: District, state, home and 
foreign. There were raised for district missions, $10; state, 
$21.50; home, $137.55; foreign, $60.00; for Sabbath 
schools, $71.00; for printing minutes, $25.70. By resolu- 
tion it was ordered that a Sunday school board be named, 



64 HrSTORy OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCrATlO^S'. 

whose duty will be to hold Sunday school institutes in our 
bounds, to collect and report in full the Sunday school statis- 
tics to next association. Said board consists of brethren J, 
W. Burks, J. P. Brownlow, M. L. Leach, Thos. Semands, 

Next association to meet with the church at Buffalo, Dal- 
las county, Missouri, Wednesday before the fourth Sunday 
in September, 188S. Eld. T. J. Akin to preach annual ser- 
mon, Eld. J. C. T. Wood alternate. 

Freedom Baptist association met with the church at 
Buffalo, Dallas county, Missouri, Wednesday, September 
19, 1S8S, at 10:30 A. M., Eld. T, J. Akin in the chair. 
Prayer by Eld. D. R. Jones. Eld. T. J. Akin preached an- 
nual sermon at 7:30 p. m. The roll of churches was called 
and letters from the churches read and delegates received as 
follows: Bethel, Thomas Gann, C. Burkley; Bolivar, Elds. 
J. W. Haines, J. M. Wheeler, R. E. Burks, J. F. Hampton, 
W. C. Armstrong, Bros. A. J. Lower and J, T. Wilson and 
Sister Ida Utiey ; Buffalo, M. G. Lovan, M. Harris, J. P. 
Brownlow; Elkton, E. N. Jerome, Jas. R. Bass, A. S. 
Vaughn; Enon, James Ballenger; Campbell's Grove, N. S. 
Han-ill; Concord, W. W. Hamilton, R. C. Sell; Mt. Olive, 
Polk county, James Northern, J. A. Johnson; Mt. Olive, 
Dallas county, J. M. Pfeifer, E. D. Fortner, A. C. Barnett; 
Mt. Pleasant, S. P. Williams, Norris Creek, J. N. Beckner, 
W. E. Hoover; Mt. View, B. F. Chamberlain, John Har- 
rell, H. H. Richter; Mt. Zion, Polk county, J. L. Kinder; 
Mt. Zion, Dallas county, J. W.Jones, J. D. Newport; Mace- 
donia, W. D. Cheek, W. A. Standley; New Prospect, A. 
J. Redd, S. Mapes; New Hope, Polk county, A. J. Mead; 
New Hope, Dallas county, J. H. Stinecipher, W. W. Mc- 
Gill, W. H. Short, J. A. J. Baker, H. Southard; Oak Grove, 
John Lightfoot; Pleasant View, Richard Brown, John David- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 65 

son, J. J. Vickery; Reynolds Chapel, Jas Mayfield, Mark 
L. Reynolds; Senter, J. W. Burks, J. L. Strader, Mrs. J. 
L. Strader, Eld. and Mrs. T. J. Akin; Turkey Creek, Wm. 
Owens, J. C. T. Wood; Weaubleau, Timothy Martin. 
Three new churches were received, viz: Louisburg, Dallas 
county, Dunneg-an Springs and Fairplay. 

Eld. T. J. Akin was elected moderator, J. W. Burks 
clerk, and M. G. Lovan treasurer. The church at Pleasant 
Hill being divided, sent two sets of delegates and letters, 
whereupon the association appointed a committee, viz: M. 
L. Reynolds, J. M. Wheeler, J. P. Brownlow, J. C. T. 
Wood and J. O. McGee, to examine and report upon the 
rights of the two sets of delegates to seats in the association. 
Their report was that neither were entitled to seats. 

Visitors are supposed to have a different status from cor- 
responding delegates. The following, perhaps, would fitly 
represent the case: A visitor comes of his own accord to the 
association, while a corresponding delegate comes with a rec- 
ommendation from some church or association. Both classes 
are received and invited to participate in the counsels, but 
not to vote. For the sake of brevity both classes will be 
spoken of as visitors. Eld. G. W. Black of Oregon, former- 
ly of Greene county, Missouri; Eld. D. R. Jones of Old 
Path; J. H. Smith, of Zion ; Eld. D. P. Brockus of Greene 
county; Eld. J. Hickman, of General association were wel- 
comed to seats. 

The roll of committees being appointed, now begin to 
bring in their reports. The first one was on periodicals : "In 
order to counteract the baneful influence of pernicious litera- 
ture of the age, it is necessary that Baptists awake to the im- 
portance of occupying the field with a sound literature. In 
addition to the Bible, every family should be supplied with 



66 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

good religious books and periodicals. To this end we rec- 
ommend that each church and Sunday school establish a li- 
brary of suitable reading in their own locality. Also, the 
Central Baptist, the American Baptist, Ford's Christian Re- 
pository, American Baptist Publication Society of Philadel- 
phia, National Baptist Publication company of St. Louis, are 
all highly commended. 

The committee on obituaries tell of 23 deaths, but no 
names are given. The committee earnestl}' request the church- 
es to see that short obituary notices accompany the death re- 
ports. 

The committee on arrangements have eight fundamental 
facts in their business roll. They are : i, call the associa- 
tion to order; 3, devotional exercises; 3, introductory annual 
sermon; 4, reading letters and enrolling delegates; 5, admis- 
sion of new churches; 6, permanent organization ; 7, appoint 
committees, as follows: on, a, religious exercises; b, arrange- 
ments and order of business; c, periodicals; d, district mis- 
sions; e, Sunday schools; f, denominational schools; g, min- 
isterial education; h, state missions; i, home missions; j, 
foreign missions; k, temperance; 1, obituaries; 8, appoint 
time and place for next association and pei'son to preach the 
introductory sermon. 

The committee on district inissions speak of great desti- 
tution in our district. A great many communities have no 
preaching, and the churches have a supply but one-fourth of 
the time. But few pastors are able to give their whole time 
to the work. It is desirable and earnestly requested that the 
churches give greater contributions, so that pastors may be 
able to preach every Sunday in their own churches, and also 
do the work of evangelists in the destitute neighborhoods. 
That a missionary be employed for all his time, and that a 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 67 

missionary board be elected by the association to control the 
work and raise funds to pay the missionary. Also auxiliaries 
should be appointed in all the churches to aid the board 
in the furtherance of this God-given enterprise. There 
was raised in cash and pledges for district missions 
$156.75. There was also in the treasury $46.75 of uncol- 
lected pledges and cash. The executive board recommended 
the association be divided, having one district east of the 
Pomme de Terre, and the other district west of this river. 
It was so ordered, and Eld. J. N. Stinecipher is to labor in 
the eastern and Eld. J. F. Hampton in the western district, 
Eld. G. W. Sherman to labor in both as general missionary. 
The first two were employed for three months, the latter for 
the year. 

State missions embraces the state of Missouri. Fifty- 
six men are employed by the general association, who report 
at the end of the third quarter, 1,280 conversions, 700 bap- 
tisms, and more than $15,000 given during the year for 
church building, Sunday schools, and for the payment of mis- 
sionaries. 

Home missions embrace 19 states, one territory and an 
important interest in Cuba. The executive board that con- 
trols this work is located in Atlanta, Georgia. They report 
for the last fiscal year 3,923 baptisms, 119 churches consti- 
tuted. Another board is located in New York, whose work 
covers an area from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from 
Mason and Dixon's line to the extreme north. They report 
for the past year 678 missionaries, $552,314 expended, 3,300 
baptisms, 129 churches constituted, 63 church houses built, 
and 17 schools of learning. 

Foreign missions embrace the world. So wide a field 
that an extended report would cover more paper than could 



68 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

be retained in the mind of an ordinary thinker. Great good 
has been done, but the greater good remains to be done. 
Millions are in a lost condition, with here and there one that 
is saved. " Go 3'e into all the world and preach the gospel 
to every creature," etc. " But how can they hear?" 

Committee on finance report amounts received and ex- 
pended : Home missions, $54.35 ; foreign missions, $25.90; 
state missions, $31.95; district missions, $166.30; pastors' 
salaries, $1,735.15; incidental expenses, $83.80; Sunday 
schools, $157.55; printing minutes, $30.05; building ex- 
penses, $1,866.00; education, $115.35. 

Shall we now mention the living workers in the ministry .'' 
They will soon be gone, passing away, one by one: 

T.J. Akin, G. M. Alexander, S. W. Ailev, G. M. Botts, R. E. L. 
Burks, J. R. Callaway, I. W. Canfield, W. D. Cheek, W. J. Denton, 
E. D. Fortner, R. C. Gilmore, A. Harris, "W. E. Hoover, M. Harris, 
J. F. Hampton. J. W. Haines, G. H. Higginbotham, J. F. Ingram, 
T. S. M. Mead, A. J. McKinney, G. W. Pfeifer, J. H. Stinecipher, 
N. J. Stinecipher, M. Slaughter, L. Scrivener, J. C. T. Wood, G. L. 
"Wilson. Licensed ministers are: J. A. Mathis, W. C. Armstrong, 
Berry Scroggins, W. J. Jovner, Thos. Seamands, R. G. Mitchell. 

The next meeting of Freedom association is to be with 
the church at Oak Grove, Polk county, Missouri, on Wednes- 
day before the fourth Sunday in September, 1SS9, at 10 a. m. 
Eld. J. H. Stinecipher to preach the annual sermon, Eld. J. 
M. Wheeler alternate. 

Freedom Baptist association met with the church at Oak 
Grove, Polk county, Missouri, Wednesday, September 18, 
18S9, at II A. M. J. W. Burks called association to order. 
Eld. J. C. T. Wood moderator pro tem. Prayer by Eld. G. 
W. Sherman. Annual sermon by Eld. J. H. Stinecipher 
deferred till 11 a. m. the 19th. Twenty-six churches repre- 
sented by letters and delegates. Four new churches added. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION'. 69 

Prairie Mound, Salem, Sharon and Bethel. Pleasant Hill 
being still divided, the two bodies seek admission, but pend- 
ing the consideration of admission a committee was appoint- 
ed to examine their claims and report to the association at its 
next meeting. The committee was Dr. W. H. Burnham. J. 
P, Brownlow, J. L. Kinder. Eld. T. J. Akin, Eld. W. J. 
Denton, I. M. Jones, C. W. Hamlin. 

On periodicals we have a repetition of last vear's re- 
port. On Sunday schools some increase in interest. A 
board of five members is recommended. Immediatelv the 
following brethren were appointed a Sundav school board- 
viz : J. W. Burks, C. W. Hamlin, \Vm. Degraffenreid, J. 
L. Kinder, B. F. Chamberlain. 

The general missionary-. Eld. G. W. Sherman, submit- 
ted his report: "Days labored, 237; number sermons, iSo: 
professions, 172; baptized, 'jS: witnessed baptisms. 47 : re- 
ceived on field, $101.65; received from board, $142.00; 
balance due me, $52.55. Helped organize three churches 
and assisted in the ordination of three ministers and four 
deacons." 

Eld. J. F. Hampton, of the western part of association, 
reports 56 days work, 50 professions, 23 baptized ; organized 
one church with, at present, about 60 members, who built a 
house of worship costing about $1,000; collected on field. 
$16.15; I'eceived from board, $54; due me, $70.15. Eld. 
N. J. Stinecipher, of the eastern district, reports 50 days 
labor, 55 professions, 13 baptized; $62.50 received. The 
amounts due the missionaries have been promptly paid. 

Committee on district missions recognize the hand of 
God in the work of the past year, but discern a deplorable 
destitution in our bounds and recommend the appointment of 
five men, good and true, as an executive board, who may ap- 



70 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

point a missionary at this session, to travel and preach and 
collect money on the field ; and further, that the messengers 
of this association shall constitute an auxiliary board to assist 
in collecting funds. The moderator appointed B. F. Cham- 
berlain, T. J. Akin, I. M. Jones, J. L. Kinder and A. J. 
Lower said board. Cash and subscription for district mis- 
sions, $115.35. 

A lengthy report is given concerning the denominational 
schools, in which reference is made to the college at Bolivar, 
an institution every way worthy of the sympathy, support and 
sustenance of the people amongst whom it is located, and es- 
pecially the Baptist fraternity, who should rejoice at the pros- 
pect of literary and religious culture in their immediate vicin- 
ity. The college is free from debt. Its faculty is compe- 
tent, laborious and earnest. The scale of prices for tuition 
is not exorbitant. Let all persons who desire advancement 
in science, and the adornment and elevation of the human 
race, hasten at once to the solution of the great problem of 
human enlightenment. The committee on ministerial educa- 
tion have a subject so nearly akin to the foregoing, that for 
all practical purposes, it might have been included. Provis- 
ion has been made in the college for the education of minis- 
ters, by admitting them to free tuition, except, perhaps, a 
small contingent fee, which is intended to be for the support 
of a janitor or for some incidental expense. 

State missions now are presented for the consideration 
of the association. We still hear the cry of destitution and 
lack of means; but Eld. Joshua Hickman is present to rep- 
resent that interest, and in his inimitable way raised the 
amount of $35.05. For district missions there was raised in 
cash and pledges from churches and individuals, $115.15; 
for home missions, $1.90; foreign missions, $24.00. The 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 7 1 

subject of home missions was amply discussed. Foreign mis- 
sions received due attention. The subject of temperance 
comes in with its usual burden of warning and timely sugges- 
tion, saying, if there were no dram-drinkers there would be 
no drunkards. If there was no tobacco used, there would be 
more money for the spread of the gospel. Ministers are re- 
quested to preach on the subject of temperance in their 
churches, and to work for prohibition. Obituaries follow 
with a list of names of our fellow workers who have laid 
down their weapons of warfare, and have gone over to take 
their places amongst the redeemed. They are: 

Maria Wilson, Martha Ingram, S. M. Blakey, Margaret Cossins, 
Sallie Clajpool, M. G. Lovan, C. A. Jennings, A. S. McPheeters, 
Matthew Alford, Phoebe Beck, Jackson Newport, Sister Barrick, Mol- 
lie Hale, Mary Pfeifer, Alex. Burks, Sister Harris, Levinda Hutchin- 
son, Polly McQuillan, Sister Millsap, Elizabeth Neil, J. W. Gilliam 
Thos. McDaniel, Thos. Dotson, and William Watson. 

The churches of Dallas county having withdrawn for the 
purpose of forming Dallas County Baptist Association and, 
whereas, the membership now of this association is almost 
entirely within the limits of Polk county, therefore be it re- 
solved that Article ist of our Constitution -be amended by 
striking out all after the word " The," in the first line of said 
article and insert in lieu thereof the words, -'Polk County 
Baptist Association," so that said Article when so amended 
shall read as follows: "Art. i. This association shall be 
called the Polk County Baptist Association." 

The amounts paid out this year for church building, re- 
pairs, college and mission work, $11,639.47. The next as- 
sociation to meet with the church at Concord, Wednesday, 
September 24, Dr. W. H. Burnham to preach the annual 
sermon and Eld. J. F. Hampton alternate. 



72 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Pursuant to adjournment, the Polk County Baptist asso- 
ciation met in its 24th annual session with Concord Baptist 
church, Polk county, Missouri, Wednesday, September 24, 
1S90. Prayer by Dr. W. H. Burnham. Eld. J. W. Haines 
moderator pro tern. A special committee on credentials was 
appointed, who made a partial report recommending the re- 
ception of all the messengers and letters of the churches to 
this association, except Rural Hill and the two bodies called 
Pleasant Hill. The association then proceeded to the en- 
rollment of churches and delegates. Permanent organization 
resulted in the choice of Eld. J. C. T. Wood moderator, C. 
W. Hamlin clerk, A. J. Lower treasurer, Eld. J. F. Hamp- 
ton assistant clerk. Dr. Burnham was called to the chair 
while the moderator made up a list of the committees. Vis- 
itors were Dr. A. F. Baker, secretary of state mission board ; 
Eld. W. W. Palmer, of Old Path association; Eld. D. P. 
Brockus, of Greene County association; Eld. J. A. New- 
port, Webster County association, and Elds. D. T. Baucom, 
W. C. Armstrong and M. Slaughter, of Springfield, Mo. 
Brighton church was received on letter from Greene County 
association. Eld. J. W. Mayfield, of Greene County asso- 
ciation, and Eld. E. D. Fortner were invited to seats. 

Dr. A. F. Baker preached on the subject of Christian 
giving, I Cor. 16:2. Took up collection for state missions, 
cash, $23.10, pledged, $5. Thursday morning, September 
25, Dr. W. H. Burnham delivered the annual sermon, sub- 
ject, I Cor. 1:20, earnestly and eloquently spoken. 

Let us review the different phases of mission work as 
reported severally by the committees. District missions give 
some hopeful signs of improvement. Help is needed at 
Cooper school house. Pleasant Hope and Morrisville. An 
executive board and missionary recommended, and auxiliaries 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 73 

in the several churches. On state missions, Dr. Baker says 
there are 50 missionaries in the employ of the state board. 
Fifty churches and associations are making piteous cries for 
help, but there is not money enough for but very few. Could 
our association be in sympathy with the general association 
they could be mutually benefitted. For home missions it is 
recommended that collections be taken up in every church at 
stated times for this extensive vi^ork. The foreign mission 
field is so vast as to bewilder the bravest heart. Yet the sol- 
emn injunction is laid upon the hearts of many, "Go ye into 
all the world and preach the gospel to every creature." 

The missionary, Eld. J. F. Hampton, reports his work 
for the past year: Labored 208 days; preached 335 sermons; 
186 professions; 136 baptisms; 197 added to the churches ; 
organized i church (Morrisville) ; organized 4 prayer meet- 
ings and I Sunday school ; assisted in ordination of 3 minis- 
ters and in dedication of i church house; collected on the 
field, $133.41; received from the board, $74.85; balance 
due missionary, $109.74; which was promptly paid by the 
delegates at the association. 

The committee on periodicals recommend the usual pub- 
lications of St. Louis, with one new applicant for our patron- 
age, the Baptist and Messenger, published at Springfield, 
Mo. The importance of religious reading cannot be properly 
estimated. The editor of the Central Baptist claims that one 
person was converted on reading his paper. 

The Sunday school committee recommend that a conven- 
tion be held semi-annually at some suitable time and place. 
B. F. Chamberlain was appointed president, C. W. Hamlin 
secretary, A. J. Lower treasurer, and a vice-president in each 
church in the association. A constitution was published de- 
fining the powers and duties of the officers and aims and de- 



74 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



siarns of the institution. The committees on denominational 
schools and ministerial education report the utility of both, 
and mention the fact of the two schools in Southwest Mis- 
souri, the Pierce City Baptist college and the college at Boli- 
var, with a strong appeal to all citizens, and especially Bap- 
tists, to patronize the school in their midst. 

The name of a few of our yoke-fellows whom the Lord 
has called from the confines of death to eternal life are Sister 
M. O'Neil of Fair Play, Brother Plall of Brighton, Brother 
J. K. Dyall of Brighton, Brother Frank Dyall of Brighton, 
Sister Victoria A. Gilmore of Slagle church, and Sister Mar- 
tha Gordon of Pleasant Hill church. More extended notice 
will be given in third division of this book. The committee 
on finance report amount expended for pastors' salaries, build- 
ing and repairs, missions, Sunday schools, printing minutes, 
college, in all $2,748.58. The next meeting of the associa- 
tion to be with the church at Brighton on Tuesday, August 
II, 1S91. Eld. J. C. T. Wood to preach the annual sermon 
and Eld. J. F. Hampton alternate. 

The Polk county Baptist Association met in its twent\^- 
fifth annual session with the church at Brighton, Polk county, 
Missouri, on Tuesday, August 11, 189 1, moderator in the 
chair. Devotional exercises conducted by Dr. W. H. Burn- 
ham. Eld. J. C. T. Wood preached annual sermon, sub- 
ject, "The Relation of Church and Pastor." Brother J. L. 
Kinder was appointed assistant clerk. Twenty-two churches 
were enrolled with their letters and delegates. Rock Prairie 
church, of Greene County association, w^as received. It was 
advised that the association aid the church at Humansville in 
the vindication of the character and faith of its pastor. On 
permanent organization. Eld. J. C. T. Wood was elected 
moderator, J. L. Kinder clerk, B. F. Chamberlain treasurer. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 75 

The following visitors were announced: Eld. W. C. 
Armstrong, of Lawrence County association, Eld. R. G. 
Mitchell, of Dallas County association, Eld. S. M. Brown, 
corresponding secretary of state board. Eld. W. H. Williams, 
editor of--Central Baptist, Eld. D. P. Brockus, of Greene 
County association, brother W. L. Boyer, corresponding 
secretary home mission board. The time and place for the 
next meeting of Polk County association is to be at Fair 
Play on Tuesday before the third Sunday in August, 1892, 
Eld. W. H. Burnham to preach the annual sermon and T. J. 
Akin alternate. Eld. Isaac Ingram was enrolled as a vis- 
iting brother. 

Fourteen committees were set to work with proper sub- 
jects assigned to them. The fijst to report was on arrange- 
ments. It is published with the rules of order. It includes 
one more on religious exercises, which committee is usually 
the delegates of the church with which the association meets. 

The second repoi't was on district missions. A board of 
five brethren is recommended in addition to the moderator 
and clerk who shall constitute an executive board. The 
messengers from each church shall constitute an auxiliary 
committee to collect money and assist the executive board. 
A missionary should be selected by the association for the 
ensuing year, who should visit weak churches, preach to des- 
titute fields, do colporteur work, organize Sunday schools and 
collect iTioney on the field. A majority of the board to consti- 
tute a quorum. It is also advised that our association co- 
operate with, and ask aid from the general association. 
$152.40 was pledged at once to support the missionary. 
Eld. J. F. Hampton was elected for the ensuing year. 

The third report was on state missions. Nearly 3,000,000 
population in Missouri, 2,400,000 "without God and without 



76 HISTORY OF POLK COr^N'Tr BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

hope in the world." A large per cent of this population is 
German. The general association spent $14,800 in state mis- 
sion work, $20,000 in building church houses. There are now 
about 40 men employed as missionaries in the state. Dr. A. 
C. Rafferty and Dr. A. F. Baker are general missionaries 
for the two halves of the state. Polk County association is 
solicited to aid the state board to pay its present indebtedness 
of $4,800. 

The fourth report is on periodicals. The usual and 
forcible argument is put forth in regard to religious reading, 
and the commendation of the St. Louis Baptist publications. 

The fifth rcDort was on foreign missions. The commit- 
tee would enforce the idea and rivet home the duty of carry- 
ing the gospel into all lands, and insist upon it that ministers 
persist m teaching the people the duty of making known the 
way of life to those that sit in darkness and in the shadow of 
death. 

The sixth report would tell of the blessing of intellect- 
ual attainments when connected with religious influences- 
Such is the case in Southwest Baptist college, as facts will 
show. Pierce Citv college also affords ample opportunities 
of doing good. These are recommended by the committee 
and adopted bv the association. Cash and pledges for the 
Southwest Baptist college, $34.15. 

The seventh report is in regard to ministerial education. 
It is stated as a truism that the preacher is to be the teacher, 
and the teacher must know more than the taught. Other de- 
nominations are filling the land with educated preachers. 
Baptists must educate to keep pace with them. God does 
not depend upon the educated, for He could save the world 
by one word of His power, but He chooses for His leaders 
on earth men of strong mind and willing heart, and puts it 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION'. ^7 

into their hearts to prepare by the most vigorous exertion to 
qualify their minds to impart instruction to their fellow men. 
Moses spent 40 years in the courts of Pharaoh. Paul spent 
many years at the feet of Gamaliel. Timothy spent his time 
from childhood in the study of the Scriptures, and yet he was 
commanded to study that he might be a man approved, that 
he might rightly divide the word of truth. 

The eighth report was on Sunday schools. Seventeen 
of the 23 churches report Sunday schools. Seven conversions 
are i*eported as the result of Sunday schools. A convention 
was organized in order to foster the Sunday school interests, 
brother B. F. Chamberlain president, brother W. D. Wim- 
pey secretary, brother W. C. Degraffenreid treasurer, and a 
vice-president in each church was named. 1033 scholars re- 
ported in the association. At this stage of proceedings Eld, 
S. S. Pike reported 50 days labor as missionary, '30 profes- 
sions, 3 baptisms; collected on the field, $10.45; ^'^^ which 
work he received $62.50. 

The ninth report was on home missions. Brother W. 
L. Boyer represents this enterprise. He says there are two 
boards, one at New York and one at Atlanta, both repre- 
sented by one agency in Missouri. 300,000 Indians and 
8,000,000 Negroes certainly demand the prayerful attention 
of every association in the land, to say nothing of millions of 
Caucasians who are lost. Last year these bodies employed 
1,354 missionaries; they aided in building 1,200 church 
houses, organized 600 churches and mission stations, estab- 
lished more than 500 Sunday schools, and baptized 9,749 
men and women. $12.71 was contributed to this work. 

The tenth report was on temperance. Brother Thos. 
Cossins and Sister Ula Williams, the committee, would say: 
The theory of temperance as taught in our day reaches out 



78 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

to the utter prohibition of the traffic in alcoholic liquors ; but 
while the theory is good, we believe the time has come when 
simple theorizing on so important an issue is criminal in the 
highest degree ; that a dutiful regard for the purity of our 
social fabric, the protection of our youth, the economical ad- 
ministration of our governmental affairs, requires that we rise 
in the strength of Israel's God, and with united voice declare 
that local enactments are insufficient in the removal of so 
great a crime as intemperance. A prayerful consideration of 
this important subject is respectfully solicited. 

The eleventh report is on obituaries. Twenty-two of 
our members have bidden us a brief farewell to enter into 
the fuller fruition of earthly hopes and aspirations. The few 
names we have will be considered in the third division of this 
volume. The twelfth report is on resolutions, in which oc- 
curs the usual direction to the clerk in regard to printing 
minutes and their distribution, the tender of thanks to the 
church and community for entertainment, etc. The thir- 
teenth report was on ministers' names and post-office ad- 
dresses. An extra committee was appointed and reported on 
family devotions, a very important duty. The fourteenth re- 
port was on finance ; $3,054.96 total expense last year. 

The Polk County Baptist association met in its twenty- 
sixth annual session with the Baptist church at Fair Play, 
Polk county, Missouri, on Tuesday, August 16, 1892, at 
II A. M. Called to order by the moderator. Devotional ex- 
ercises conducted by Eld. W. H. Burnham, D. D., who al- 
so proceeded to preach the annual sermon, subject, John 
14:15, Baptist "Close Communion." The Doctor handled 
his subject with his characteristic ability for over an hour, 
giving able reasons for its practice, and showing its consist- 
ency from a Bible standpoint. Twenty-three churches were 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 7g 

represented b}' letter and delegates. Three new churches 
were received, Slagle Creek, Providence and Mission 
Chapel No. 2. Committee on credentials was appointed, 
Burnham, Chamberlain, Gordon, Gilmore and Newport. 
Visitors were invited to seats. Eld. W. H. Williams, editor 
Central Baptist, S. M. Brown of Kansas City, correspond- 
ing secretary state board. Eld. Brown gave us a song, 
"Dying From Home And Lost," which must be heard to 
be appreciated, for nobody but Brown could give it the 
emphasis. He and Eld. Williams gave us such helpful ser- 
mons during the session. Eld. G. W. Hyde of Missouri 
Baptist Sanatarium gave us an excellent discourse, subject, 
Jas. 5:20. Eld. N. O. Sowers of A. M. B. P. S., Eld. J. 
J. Parton and Eld. J. L. Leonard of Webster County as- 
sociation. Eld. W. C. Armstrong of Lawrence County asso- 
ciation, Eld. T. Peterson of Greene County association. Eld. 
E. D. Fortner and Jas. McDaniel of Dallas County associ- 
ation. Eld. Wm. McCord Gilmore of Cedar County associ- 
ation. 

At this point the association went into the election of of- 
ficers for the ensuing year, Eld. J. C. T. Wood moderator, 
J. L. Kinder clerk and B. F. Chamberlain treasurer. Rock 
Prairie church failed to produce a letter; it was agreed to re- 
ceive the delegates as honorary members. The time and 
place for the next association was then taken up, and it was 
decided to meet with the church at Turkey Creek on Tues- 
day before the third Sunday in August, 1S93, Eld. R. E. L. 
Burks to preach the annual sermon and Eld. R. C. Gilmore 
alternate. The missionary report was taken up. Eld. J. F. 
Hampton was sent into the field and labored nine months, 
$375' 75 professions, 60 baptized, 65 additions to the 
churches, 3 Sunday schools organized; profit on books, $30; 



8^0 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATTOST. 

received from state board, $35 ; sold a great many Bibles^ 
Testaments, tracts, and such useful works as " Grace Tru- 
man," "Infidel's Daughter," Bunyan's works, "Fatal 
Ring," and others. The outlook for the district embracing 
our county limits is hopeful as compared with the years gone 
by, but there is great and pressing need for more earnest la- 
bor, and the committee urges the employment of all the avail- 
able means within our reach. $133 cash and pledges were 
secured for future work. A part of this was paid over to the 
missionary, as the association was in debt to him $7^1.70; the 
whole debt, however, was paid. 

Committee on arrangements have nine fundamental con- 
siderations confronting them, i, call to order; 3, devotional 
exercises; 3, introductory or annual sermon; 4, appointment 
of committee on credentials; 5, calling roll of churches, 
reading letters and enrolling delegates; 6, permanent organ- 
ization; 7, admission of new churches; 8, time and place for 
next association and for preaching annual sermon ; 9, ap- 
pointment of committees: a, religious exercises; b, arrange- 
ments and order of business; c, district missions with report 
of executive board; d, Sunday schools; e, denominational 
schools; f, ministerial education; g, state missions; h, home 
missions; i, foreign missions; j, obituaries; k, temperance; 
1, resolutions; m, ministers' names; n, periodicals; o, finance. 

The question of religious reading is an all-absorbing one 
when we consider the stream of corrupt literature that is 
mentally digested day and night by the people, especially the 
youth. Observe the character of the mail matter, and ex- 
amine the book stores, and see the exciting title page and ex- 
amine in this connection the catalogue of crimes and those 
who commit them, and the most indifferent observer will soon 
see that it is time to call a halt, and revise oujf reading, and 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. Si 

place before our youth such reading as will be profitable to 
them in future years. The Baptist periodicals of St. Louis 
are highly commended. No little attention is given in the 
present age to higher learning. The fact is reiterated and 
the argument enforced that literary advancement with true 
religion is a happy combination, and is even essential to the 
well beingof the individual, as well as the society of individuals. 
And we should hail with infinite relish the instrumentality 
through which this combination may be effected. To this 
end the denominational school is established, that it may have 
the more vigorous support, and the more assiduous care. 
The Baptist College at Bolivar is in this line and commends 
itself to the candid and liberal. The people in the immedi- 
ate vicinity have come to its aid more than once, and yet the 
institution makes a generous return and ample recompense. 
Ministers are here aided year by year with tuition and much 
moral support. The state mission work is represented by 
Eld. S. M. Brown of Kansas City. $Sooo is to be raised 
by October to clear the state board from debt. The board 
has aided Polk county and now asks aid. Collection was 
taken in cash and pledges of $60.25. ^ new interest now 
claims the attention of the brethren. A Baptist Sanitarium 
at St. Louis, under the care of Dr. W. H. Mayfield has done 
great good and gives promise of still greater usefulness. 
Eld. G. W. Hyde represents this much needed institution. 
The committee on foreign missions quote Acts i :S, "Ye 
shall be witnesses of me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and 
in Samaria and unto the uttermost parts of the earth." The 
heathen are holding out their hands to us, beseeching us to 
send the gospel to them. Shall we disappoint them.? Some 
of our people have gone to them. We hope to see many 
others ready and willing to enter the diflicult fields. The 



82 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

committee on obituaries give us the numbei', but only two 
names of those who have gone beyond ; 20 members, who 
last year mingled their voices wnth ours in hymning the 
praises of the Great Redeemer. Deacon Jas. Goff and sis- 
ter Artie Dean are the names. 

The temperance question is brought before us and the 
association is enjoined to use all lawful means to eradicate 
the loathsome disease of intemperance from our common- 
wealth. It is further desired that the churches use unfer- 
mented wine in their communion service. 

Home missions was represented by brother W. L. Boyer 
of Marshall, Mo. A house has been bought in Havana, 
Cuba, cost $60,000; Eld. A. J. Diaz has done a great work 
in that field. Other parts, Mexico, Alaska, Canada, 15 
southern states are under the fostering care of the executive 
board of the Southern Baptist Convention. $i5-75 vv-as 
raised for that work. 

In the Sunday school report, the committee speak of 26 
churches that have Sunday schools wnth a general average 
attendance of 58 scholars. The following officers were 
chosen for the ensuing year: B. F. Chamberlain president, 
W. D. Wimpey secretary, Eld. Jas. Owen treasurer, and a 
vice president in each of the churches. Eld. S. S. Pike was 
elected missionary for the ensuing year. The board will pay 
him when at work in the field $1.10 per day. The com- 
mittee on resolutions recommend the publishing in full, the 
articles of faith, constitution, rules of decorum and order of 
business. Also, that scripture giving (one-tenth) would al- 
lay much of the trouble in raising money. 

The Polk County Baptist association met in its twenty- 
seventh annual session with the church at Turkey Creek on 
Tuesday, August 15, 1S93, at 11 A. m. Moderator, Eld. J. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 63 

C. T. Wood, opened exercises by reading Ps. 133, and after 
prayer Eld. R. E. L. Burks preached the introductory ser- 
mon, subject. Acts 24:15, " The Resurrection of the Dead," 
dwelling at some length upon the future resurrection and 
recognition of the body. Delegates enrolled as follows : 

Brighton, S. S. Pike, C. L. Periman and Benj. Loonej; Bolivar, 
J. L. Taylor, J. W. Haines, R. E. L. Burks, J. A. Newport. Z. T. 
Simmons, W. M. Delaplain, Martha Cossins; Campbell's Grove, T. 
B. Gordon, W. B. Cheek; Dunnegan Springs, J. A. Hopper, J. F. 
Hopkins, J. A. Campbell; Enon, R. Smith, Eld. J. M. Payne, M. H. 
Davis; Fair Play, J. H. Hopkins, J. O. McGee, Ben. Holmes; Mis- 
sion Chapel No. 2, R. Gott; Mt. Zion, Wm. Hale, E. S. Murray, 
Wm. C. Degraffenreid, J. L. Kinder; Mt. Olive, J. A. Johnson, E. A. 
Dunaway, H. Newhart, Jas. Wise; Mt. View, W. S. M. Barnett, B. 

F. Chamberlain, J. W. Spilman, W. R. Pitt, W. B. Richter, C. 
Barnes, Jas. Eraser; Morrisville, Jos. Blakey, E. G. W. Scroggins; 
Oak Grove, W. H. Roberts, J. Creed; Prairie Mound, Jno. Kennon, 
J. M. Sims; Pleasant Hill, W. F. McKinney, R. Brown; Pleasant 
View, J. H. Hayden, J. A. Cunningham, B. Cox; Pleasant Ridge, 
Sam'l Neil, J. Blakey, Jas. Owen, R. S. Boone; Providence, W. A. 
Gilmore, M. A. Rowden, J. M. Looney, Jno. Thompson; Turkey 
Creek, G. R. Page, W. Owen, J. W. Parker, J. R. McDonald, C. L. 
Wood; Slagle Creek, Jas. Degraffenreid, Jno. Ballenger, Lon Ingram, 

G. W. Davis, J. P. Brock; Salem, C. Ashlock, G. W. Troyer; Senter, 
A. Hopper; Sharon, W. J. Eskew, W. D. Coats, W. D. Wimpey. 

Committee on credentials was appointed consisting of J. 
L. Taylor, J. L. Kinder, J. W. Haines, T. B. Gordon and 
J. A. Campbell. They reported-all the delegates entitled to 
seats except Concord, the church being divided on a local 
trouble, its delegates were not admitted to seats. Permanent 
organization was effected and Eld. J. C. T. Wood was re- 
elected moderator, J. L. Kinder clerk, B. F. Chamberlain 
treasurer. The visitors were Elds. J. S. Buckner, W. T. 
Holbert, C. F. Corum, Jno. Youngblood, Wm. McPherson, 
T. Peterson from Greene County association. Eld. W. T. 



84 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Campbell secretary state mission board, Eld. P. M. Johnson 
returned missionary from India, Eld. N. O. Sowers repre- 
sentative American Baptist publication society, Eld. J. F. 
Hampton of Lebanon, Eld. J. H. Stinecipher of Dallas county 
association. Eld. J. H. Burnett of Dade county. Eld. J. M. 
Bandy of Barry County association. Eld. J. B. Breech of 
Zion association, Eld. W. H. Williams D. D., of Central 
Baptist, St. Louis. The next meeting of the association to 
be at Mt. Olive on Tuesday before the third Sunday in 
August, 1894, Eld. J. A. Newport to preach the introduc- 
tory. Eld. J. L. Taylor his alternate. 

The regular committees w^ere appointed and the associ- 
ation adjourned till 9 o'clock Wednesday morning. On the 
second day the association met and w^as called to order by 
the moderator. Prayer by Eld. W. T. Holbert. After roll 
call. Eld. J. W. Haines presented a gavel to the association 
from Eld. W. McCord Gilmore of Cedar county, the gavel 
being made from a piece of timber obtained from old Hope- 
well Baptist church. Cedar county, Missouri, which w^as ac- 
cepted by the association. Committee on arrangements 
made their report. The constitution, rules of order and 
articles of faith as in the minutes of liigz to be inserted in 
the minutes of the present year. Eld. J. S. Buckner spoke 
upon the report of Sunday schools. Only 15 Sunday schools 
were reported this year in the letters that were read. There 
were twenty-six last year. Why this falling off .? More faith- 
fulness and zeal is urged. At this point business was suspend- 
ed to hear a sermon by Eld. W. H. Williams, D. D., of 
St. Louis, text, John 1 : 12,13, subject "Son-ship." 'Twas 
good to be there and hear him. 

In the afternoon of the second day the report of district 
missions, the real ground of justification, or excuse for an 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 85 

association. This was followed by a report of the mission- 
ary board. The missionary, Eld. S. S. Pike, reported ii6 
days labor at $i.ioperday; 49 conversions; 53 members re- 
ceived. Report of denominational schools was advocated 
by Williams, Taylor and Burks. Ministerial education re- 
ceived the attention due to so important a subject. Religious 
literature was next introduced, in which it was clearly shown 
the urgent necessity of counteracting the baneful prevalence 
of pernicious literature, and to encourage the spread of sound 
religious reading. 

The third day in the forenoon state missions were amply 
illustrated by Elds. P. M. Johnson, N. O. Sowers and W. 
T. Campbell. The general association was organized in 
1S34, a feeble band then, but now over 121,000 members; 
but there is much to do among 2,000,000 of non-church-o-o- 
ers, 36 county seats with no Baptist church. $37.25 in cash 
and pledges was secured for state missions. Home missions 
includes in its field of operation the southern states, Mexico, 
the island of Cuba, and is under the direction of two boards, 
one at New York and one at Atlanta. A great work has 
been done, but a great deal more is yet to be done. Foreign 
missions opens up the whole world to be taken for Christ and 
redeemed by His blood through the gospel. 

The committee on obituaries report 17 deaths, but few 
names are given. Sister Mary J. Organ was born 1839, ^i^d 
April 6, 1893 ! ^^ exemplary Christian; Elds. J. C. T. Wood 
and F. M. Kelley preached her funeral at her request. The 
subject of temperance now engages our attention. The evils 
of our land are very great, and that of the sale and use of 
intoxicants is one of the greatest; every year our minutes ex- 
hibit a standing protest against the traffic in ardent spirits. 
The committees on the sanitarium, on resolutions, ministers' 



86 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

names, finance, and the executive board, were all hurried 
through in the last hours of the association. 

The twenty-eighth annual session of Polk County Bap- 
tist association convened with Mt. Olive Baptist church, Polk 
county, Missouri, August 14, 1S94, at 10 o'clock A. m.. Eld. 
J. C. T. Wood in the chair. Eld. J. A. Newport preached 
introductory, Ps. 119:130. All the churches represented but 
Senter and Concord, the latter being in disorder; Schofield 
church was admitted, the delegates being J. H. Gordon, D. 
P. Brockus, and sisters E. M. Brockus and D. E. Schofield. 
The association elected permanent officers. Eld. J. C. T. 
Wood re-elected moderator, J. L. Kinder clerk and B. F. 
Chamberlain treasurer. The place of holding the next asso- 
ciation was Providence, about 12 miles southeast of Bolivar, 
and Tuesday before the third Sunday in August, 1S95, the 
time, at 11 A. M. ; Eld. D. P. Brockus to preach the intro- 
ductory and R. E. L. Burks alternate. Visitors enrolled at the 
present session, W. L. Boyer, of Marshall, Mo., home mis- 
sions, B. G. Tutt, D. D., of Liberty, Mo., foreign missions, 
M. W. Morton, from Webster County association, J. H. Stine- 
cipher, Dallas County association. Regular committees were 
appointed. Brother John Inglis was received as messenger 
from Old Path association. 

The second day, report of missionary board. Eld. J. 
L. Taylor labored 61 days; 16 conversions; amount per 
month, $50, all paid. Collection for district missions was 
taken in cash and pledges, $39.56. At this point Eld. W. 
T. Campbell, state secretary, and A. W. Payne were enroll- 
ed as visitors, and aided in discussion of religious literature. 
Brother Payne, who represented the Central Baptist, pre- 
sented and defended the Central, as well as other good works. 
Brother Campbell presented report on state missions and 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 87 

urged the brethren to lend their aid to lift the debt of $9,000. 
He raised a collection of $17.12 cash and $1 pledge. 

Sunday school report was presented by Eld. J. H. Stine- 
cipher. Only 15 Sunday schools. Jesus who commands us 
to teach all, would charge us with sin if we fail to do this. 
Home missions were advocated by brother W. L. Boyer and 
others and $11.55 ^^^ raised. Foreign missions were dis- 
cussed by Eld. B. G. Tutt, $9.55 raised. Third day the 
greatest part of the work to be done. Denominational 
schools, ministerial education, temperance, were ably dis- 
cussed. Finance, resolutions were hurriedly passed. 
Obituaries, 33 deaths reported, Lou (Chandler) Coffman, 
Artemisia Ellis, Maggie Harrill, C. E. Stiles, E. C. Gavin, 
Eva Wilson, Jane Davis, G. W. Atwood, Anne Haralson, 
A. J. Pierce, Addie Cunningham, Sarah Harris, Augusta 
Northern, Mary Polly, are all the names reported. The sta- 
tistical table gives a gain of two hundred members, a fact 
which should fill all hearts with gratitude. 

The twenty-ninth annual session of Polk County Baptist 
association convened with Providence church Polk county 
Missouri, August 13, 1895, at 11 A. m.. Eld. J. C. T. Wood 
in the chair. Eld. D. P. Brockus preached the introductory 
sermon, Mark 16:15. Brothers A. B. Bush and W. S. Ask- 
ren were appointed to assist the clerk in reading letters and 
enrolling delegates. Every church in the association was 
represented and one new church was added to the list (Bis- 
mont) ; 28 churches enrolled. Eld. J. C. T. Wood was 
elected moderator. J. L. Kinder clerk, and B. F. Chamber- 
lain treasurer. These with four others constitute the mission- 
ary board, the four consisting of Elds. J. W. Haines, T. J. 
Akins, D. P. Brockus and T. B. Gordon. Three of these 
may form a quorum for business. At this time Eld. T. J. 



88 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Akins was called to the chair, while the moderator retired to 
make up the committees. Eld. R. Harrison was appointed 
to preach the next introductory and Eld. T. J. Akins alter- 
nate ; place, Pleasant Hill, time, Tuesday before the third 
Sunday in August, 1896. Visiting brethren were Eld. W, 
T. Campbell of Houstonia, Mo., representing state missions, 
W. L. Boyer home missions, A. W. Payne Central Baptist, 
Eld. W. B. Epps from Greene county. 

Sixteen committees were appointed, and each brought 
his report with little variation from that of other years. 
There was no missionary work done, therefore no debt; 
some money in the treasury, and pledges taken from individ- 
uals for themselves, and for some of the churches. Solicitors 
were appointed to collect funds for the missionary, and broth- 
er B. F. Chamberlin was appointed to travel and preach in 
the bounds of Polk county, with the understanding the work 
will cease when the funds give out, or from any sufficient 
cause. The board, in making their engagement with him, 
sent a request to his church (Mt. View) asking for the or- 
dination of Bro. Chamberlain. Collections were taken for 
several objects, viz: The four departments of missionary 
work, district, state, home and foreign. The work in each 
is not retrograding, but moving steadily on. There is a grat- 
ifying advance in Christian education, and still higher appre- 
ciation of denominational work. It is hoped the churches 
will co-operate with the schools and our young ministers will 
be judiciously aided. Literature and temperance are subjects 
that stir the heart of the philanthropist. No one, with the 
smallest percentage of humanity about him, but will be 
moved to protest against the dark tide of pernicious literature 
that sweeps over our land day and night, and the darker tide 
of intemperance that boasts unblushingly of its successful 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 8g 

conquest over the virtuous, the innocent and the pure. Some 
good reports are given concerning the Orphans' Home, the 
Baptist hospital and the Sanitarium, the society for the relief 
of aged ministers. Some respect is being paid to the dead ; 
in a meager way the churches are gathering data and report- 
ing the departure of their loved ones ; too often it is the 
church letters read by the clerks give the number of deaths 
without name or date. The Sunday school is taking on new 
life. 

The thirtieth annual session of Polk County association 
convened with Pleasant Hill Baptist church, Polk county, 
Missouri, August ii, 1896, and was called to order by the 
moderator. Eld. J. C. T. Wood. Eld. J. S. Buckner read 
Ps. 103 and led in prayer; Eld. R. K. Maiden preached the 
introductory, subject, Jno. 12:23, 24; it was an eloquent de- 
fense of the doctrines of Christian life and final preservation. 
T. B. Gordon and W. S. Askren read the letters from the 
churches, and brethren A. B. Bush, T. B. Gordon, Lon In- 
gram and D. P. Brockus, sr., were appointed a committee 
on credentials, who reported 28 churches in regular form. 
The former officers were elected, viz: Eld. J. C. T. Wood 
moderator, J. L. Kinder clerk, and Eld. B. F. Chamberlin 
treasurer. 

Eld. B. F. Chamberlin was called to the chair while the 
moderator retired to make up the regular committees. Dur- 
ing this interval it was decided to have the next meeting of 
the association at Dunnegan, 12 miles northwest of Bolivar, 
beginning on Tuesday, August 10, 1897, Eld. S. S. Pike to 
preach the introductory and Eld. J. W. Mayfield alternate. 
The moderator resuming the chair announced the committees, 
the pastor and delegates of Pleasant Hill church to be a com- 
mittee on religious exercises. The others were 14 in num- 



go HISTORY OF POLK COUNTi' BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

ber, embracing all the delegates and visitors. Of the latter 
were Elds. W. T. Campbell, secretary of state missions, J. 
S. Buckner, of Greene County association, R. K. Maiden, of 
Kansas City, editor of the Word and Way, E. D. Fortner, 
of Dallas County association, J. L. Downing, of Liberty, 
representing the sanitarium at St. Louis, Mo. 

State mission report claims 60 missionaries at work and 
1,517 converted, $12,480.55 expended this year, and $4.65 
raised at this meeting. For district missions, Bro. Chamber- 
lin reports 61 days work, 19 professions, 21 members added, 
I church constituted, $11.87 collected on the field. An ex- 
ecutive board v\'as appointed, consisting of seven members, 
three of whom form a quorum. The Sunday school reports 
34 Sunday schools in the county ; the home mission work re- 
ports a great advance, but an alarming destitution ; schools 
and education are developing an encouraging growth. Home 
missions embrace the western continent, but more particularly 
the southern states, Mexico and Cuba ; foreign missions take 
in the eastern continent and the islands ; here the heart is 
faint in view of the ravages of sin. 

The college at Bolivar was represented by its president, 
who called particular attention to its 18 years of history. It 
must be supported by an endowment, and suitable buildings 
and apparatus. The periodicals were discussed by editors 
and competent critics who could suggest our best reading. 
The curse of drink was not forgotten, nor will be while the 
evil lasts. Obituaries reveal 21 deaths; only four are named. 
They are Benton Cox, C. T. Robinson, Eda Jones and 
Martha M. Odor. Now in the view we've had of our associ- 
ational work, shall we take courage in the thought that it has 
been the exponent of the Divine Principle of love, prompt- 
ing to enlarged views and more earnest labor, or shall we 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 9I 

spend our time in building platforms for ambitious and de- 
signing people, who would ruin, if they cannot rule? The 
Lord help us, that each may consider the welfare of his 
brother rather than his own. 



At the suggestion of a friend, special mention is made 
of Spring River association, which met with Peace church,. 
Jasper county, Missouri, September 13, 1S50, the nth anni- 
versary; the introductory sermon by Eld. Wm. H. Farmer, 
subject I Cor. 16:16, Greenville Spencer moderator and 
Wm. B. Taliafero clerk. Wm. H, Farmer, Benj. Marley, 
Geo. Bright and A. May were appointed with the moderator 
and clerk to arrange business for Monday. Eld. Josiah 
Davidson preached Friday night, subject, Gal. 4:4: "When 
the fullness of the time." Eld. Jas. Bell followed with ex- 
hortation. On Saturday Eld. J. F. Pinson preached, sub- 
ject Rom. 5:30, "Where sin abounded;" Eld S. L. Beckley 
followed with a warm exhortation. After a short intermis- 
sion Eld. Ellis Niece preached, subject. Job 22:21, "x\c- 
quaint now thyself:" W. B. Taliafero followed with exhor- 
tation. Saturday night Eld. R. T. McCormick preached, 
subject, Luke 34:46, 47; Eld. Niece followed v/ith exhorta- 
tion. Sunday A. M. Eld. Jno P. Robinson preached, subject 
Jno. 3:14, 15, W. B. Taliafero followed with exhortation. 
Sunday p. M. Eld. W. H. Farmer preached, subject. Rev. 
14:13 "Blessed are." At night Eld. A. Brown preached, 
subject, Heb. 3 :3,' "How shall we escape." Eld, W. H. 
Farmer and Eld. J. F. Pinson were appointed messengers 
to the general association, their expenses to be paid by our 
association, with $10 for the benefit of the general association. 
Closed with $75.86 in the Treasury. 



BOOK II. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCHES. 



PROVIDENCE. 

The oldest church that has come under our notice is 
Providence; it was organized on Saturday, September 4, 
1839, about two and a half miles northwest of Pleasant Hope, 
Polk county, Missouri. The names, as far as could be as- 
certained, of the constituent members, were James Driskill, 
Martha Driskill, Henry Ross, Judea Ross, Nancy Ross, Sarah 
Ross, James W. Tiller, Sarah Tiller. The names of its pas- 
tors in the early days of its history are not before us, but we 
would naturally suppose that Elds. Wm. Tatum and J. R. 
Callaway would occupy the stand in the primitive meeting 
house; and later on the voices of Eld. Isaac Ingram and his 
yoke-fellows could be heard, and the waters of the Pomme 
de Terre would be disturbed with the baptismal scenes as the 
people gladly testified to the death and burial of Jesus Christ 
by being buried beneath the waves of the running river; the 
analogy of the whole scene would also confirm the beholder 
in the wholesome doctrine that the candidates for baptism had 
gladly received the word of life and were now willing to fol- 
low the Lord in the symbolic ordinance. The church has 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 93 

lived through many years and suffered many hard trials, but 
it is now a living monument of God's amazing mercy. Its 
present pastor, Eld. J. W. Mayfield, has served them a num- 
ber of years; they have a new meeting house, built of con- 
ci-ete material. May the house and the worshippei's in it 
represent the sturdy principles inherent in the Baptist faith. 
There are many interesting incidents in the history of 
this church we would gladly record if we could get at the 
proper facts and dates. The solemn question will arise as to 
the ultimate destiny of those earl}' workers ; we see evidences 
of their strong faith, their simple habits, their self-sacrificing 
devotion; they were human beings, capable of much good, 
yet susceptible to the touch of time, and liable to be swayed 
by the evil influences that forever infest our fallen race. We 
should keep these thoughts in view while we dwell upon the 
labors of our brethren. We said they were capable of much 
good. It is not to be supposed that there is a fund of latent 
good in man; the Scriptures and experience tell us that there 
are none that doeth good and sinneth not, I Kings 7:46, 
Eccle. 7:20, Jas. 3:2. Yet, as the great poet said when in 
exile from his native country, "with all thy faults I love thee 
still." Our brethren have passed from us to a spirit world; 
their faults may have been many, but their virtues haye also 
been many, and we cherish their memory as we would the 
sweetest note in seraph's song; their songs and cheerful 
voices are hushed now, but soon we may hear them and join 
them in unending praise. Providence had in 1896 89 mem- 
bers. 

MT. ZION 

was organized in 1840. Eld. Daniel R. Murphy officiated, 
and had wnth him the following persons, viz: E. M. Camp- 
bell, Wm. P. Hughes, Pleasant Grain, Rutha Grain, N. W. 



94 HISTORY OF PCLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION". 

Wilson, and Sarah H. Wilson. These were the constituent 
members of the old time-honored Mt. Zion. This church 
has stood as a beacon light in the wilderness. But few are 
living to tell of the hardshijos of its early organization ; in- 
deed, we know of none of the above names that are now liv- 
inor. It is located 12 miles southwest of Bolivar, Polk 
county, Missouri. Its house of worship was of primitive 
style ; the one the writer knew was a building of about 50x30 ; 
its ceiling about ten feet from the floor; a stone chimney at 
each end of the house, vvith fire-places that would receive a 
good lot of wood ; a door-way about eight feet wide opened 
on the side of the house, with folding doors; the pulpit was 
on the opposite side, and this was so constructed that when 
the preacher was seated in it he could not be seen except at 
the open end. In course of time the house had settled; while 
the middle of the floor, from one fireplace to the other main- 
tained its integrity, the sides were considerably depressed, 
leaving the floor like an inclined plane. The seats were 
made of heavy oak, with high backs ; the one tilted against 
the other would start a third, and so on till there would be a 
general crash. It is remembered, however, with gratitude, 
the good meetings that have happened in that primitive place 
of worship. In the earlier days, during the administration 
of Eld. D.R. Murphy, the people would gather for miles 
around to this venerated spot of earth to hold a series of 
meetings, and the Lord would get great glory to himself in 
the numbers that would be added to the church. We have 
not the regular succession of pastors at hand, but we remem- 
ber some names of pastors that are spoken of with great re- 
spect. Wm. B. Senter served the church for nine years; G. 
W. Kelley, and a number of others until the So's, when the 
writer became more intimately acquainted with the church as 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 05 

pastor-, for three years he served the church. One incident 
will suffice for this pastorate. It was the custom to hold pro- 
tracted meetings once a year. During one of these, there 
were a number of penitents, one of whom we will name 
Miss Lucy Coffman, who had been an earnest inquirer for 
five years. The year before. Eld. G. W. Kelley offered 
prayer for her and others and fell to the floor stricken down 
and died soon after. On this particular evening Miss Lucy 
was, as usual, a penitent, she seemed as one bereft and un- 
done ; the hand was raised and the tongue ready for the 
benediction, when Lucy arose from her recumbent position 
on the floor and began to shout the praises of the Redeemer 
she had found. But at this point of the story the pen falters 
in the feeble effort to describe the scene that followed. Her 
mother joined her in the glad hosannas; the brethren and 
sisters of the church caught the inspiration, and for over an 
hour there was such a tumultuous season of rejoicino- as 
would exhaust the power of description. Lucy is still a shin- 
ing light in the church, and does honor to her profession. 
The church has built a neat frame house to worship in. 

The present pastor is Eld. J. C. T. Wood, residino- in 
Walnut Grove; he has served the church a number of years; 
many souls given for his hire; may prosperity attend both 
pastor and people. It would seem invidious to mention 
names without naming all, but we hope we will be excused if 
we single out a few, who have gone before and are watchino- 
and waiting for us: John Chandler, John Grain, Jesse H. 
Murray, Jacob Phipps. Peace to their ashes, blessings to 
their children. Mt. Zion had in 1896 151 members. 

ENON 

was organized by Eld. Daniel R. Murphy in 1841. Its first 
meetings were in an old building belonging to Samuel Davis. 



96 HISTORY OF POLK COU?fTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

The names of the constituent members were Samuel Davis, 
Jas. Gilmore, Wm. Daly, Wm. Northern, Elijah Foly, Jas. 
Box, Lydia Davis, Elizabeth Murphy, Nancy Daly, Mary 
Gilmore, Anna Gilmore and Elizabeth Gouty. There were 
others in the organization, but we cannot get the names at 
the present. Its first house was built in the fall of 1S42, and 
was located about ten miles southwest from Bolivar, and 
about three miles from Morrisville. It was built of heavy 
logs; a large door eight feet wide; the pulpit set in the wall 
like a bay window; a large fire-place in the end of the build- 
ing. Here the gospel was preached and many were the slain 
of the Lord. We are left to conjecture as to the regular 
succession of pastors, but we feel that all the old worthy 
ministers of that age that wrought cotemporary with Murphy 
would be with him in battling for the truth. Such men as 
Tatum, Senter, Williams, Ingram, Callaway, Wilson, Ken- 
non, Pitts and others, mighty men, all of them, and true sol- 
diers of the cross. The writer held a meeting of some days 
in the old building. The weather was quite cold, but we 
managed to keep warm by the aid of a huge fire in the fire- 
place. Since that time a spirit of enterprise took possession 
of the brethren, and we have worshipped with them in a new 
and commodious frame building. Elds. I. Ingram, G. L. 
Wilson, Geo. Long, Marion Kelley, Wm. Horner, Thos. 
Baucom, Wm. Gaylord, Jas. Owen, Reuben C. Gilmore, J. 
M. Payne, W. A. Gilmore and J. W. Mayfield served the 
church in more modern days. 

One incident may not be out of place. In the month of 
September, 18S4, we were holding a meeting in the new 
building. The regular service was begun. The song was 
sung, the prayer offered, followed as usual with another song. 
The text was announced, and the vocal organs were being 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 97 

put in shape to launch out' into the open sea of discussion, 
when, in front of me, but two or three paces, sat Miss Dona 
Kennon, who at that moment gave signs that she had found 
the Lord. Her mother moved forward to rejoice with her. 
A number of us gathered about her to congratulate her and 
to shake hands with her and each other, and now, instead of 
giving a general invitation for penitents to come and seek 
salvation, I sought the pulpit, and tried to preach that ser- 
mon ; but alas I it was gone. Let all preachers take warning. 
136 members in 1S96. 

TURKEY CREEK 

was organized July 35. 1S41. b}- Elijah Williams, Thos. J. 
Kellev, Deacon Wm. Savage and Wm. R. Devin. The 
above presbytery met at the house of Bro. Jesse Xiel and 
proceeded to arrange the following brethren and sisters into 
a Baptist church, viz: Jeremiah Claypool. Phoebe Claypocl, 
Wm. A. Rector, Mary Rector, Louis Renfro, Maiy Renfro, 
Jesse Xiel, Rachel Xiel, Xancy Dobbs. The church is situ- 
ated in the southwest comer of Polk county, three-quarters of a 
mile from Walnut Grove. It is about 20 miles from Bolivar. 
It was called Crisp Prairie church until the first Saturday in 
December, 1S52, it took the name of Turkey Creek. One 
thing remarkable about this church is, the day of meeting in 
each month has not been changed since its organization. 
There have been nine pastors since its organization. Eld. T. 
J. Kelley first pastor Turkey Creek church about 20 years. 
Eld. J. E. B. Justice succeeded in 1S61 and continued until 
about the 3-ear 1S70; then followed Eld. Geo. Long, and 
again Eld. Justice up to 1S76. Eld. J. C. T. Wood served 
two years followed by Eld. Justice up to about iSSo: then 
Eld. R. C. Gilmore was called to the care of the church and 
served four years. Eld. Wood again served the church two 



98 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

years; Eld. W. F. Parker one year; then the church called 
Eld. J. F. Hampton, who occupied the pulpit one year, fol- 
lowed by Eld. S. S. Pike one year. Eld. R. C. Giltnore 
was called again and was followed by Eld. J. C. T. Wood, 
who occupies the pulpit ('96). 

During the Civil war the regular meetings were not in- 
terrupted. About 500 persons were baptized into the fellow- 
ship of this church in the 52 years of its existence. Many of 
these have passed beyond to the "land of pure delight, where 
saints immortal reign," and we can but revere their memory 
as we reflect upon their early struggles, without house or 
convenient place of worship yet bravelv submitting to all 
the privations incident to pioneer life, looking forward to the 
day when their children and successors would enjoy the fruits 
of their labors and prayers, and worship as they now do in a 
neat and comfortable house, and wield a benign influence 
over all the surrounding communities. The above statistics 
are furnished by Eld. J. C. T. Wood. 216 members in 1S96. 

FREEDOM CHURCH 

Was organized in fall of 1S45, ten miles east of Bolivar, 
a little southwest of the present town of Halfway. The 
constituent members of this early church were G. T. Dowell, 
Artemesia Dowell, John Abbot, Nela Abbot, Wm. Miles 
and wife, Wm. Viles, Patsey Viles, Wesley Beckley, Margaret 
Beckley, Samuel Beckley, Jane Beckley. Meetings were 
held in a little log school house. The fir'Jt meeting was held 
at Bro. Wm. Viles', the second at Bro. Geo. Dowell's. Eld. 
Elijah Williams and Eld. J. R. Callaway organized the 
church. Jas. McKinney and S. O. Gordon and wife were 
said to be constituent members ; Bro. Gordon is still living 
(March, '97,)- Sister Artemesia Dowell deceased. Its first 
pastor was Elijah Williams and the second Thos. J. Kelley. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION*. 99 

The last notice we have of Freedom church in the minutes is 
that of 1S68. It was represented by D. Brockus, A. Mc- 
Kinney, C. Davidson and J. Grove. The causes of its dis- 
solution are not given. The wine bottle used by the church 
is now at the house of Deacon J. F. Fulbright (1894), 
When first organized the church was called Bethel, but the 
name was changed to Freedom in June, 1846. Bethel was 
organized in 1S43. 

MT. ZOAR 

was organized about the year 1856; the day is unknown and 
the constituent members unknown. The earliest members 
obtained from the mutilated church book were John Brooks, 
Thos. C. Brooks, Thos. R. Vincent, Joseph D. Lett, Henry 
Gill and others. Eld. J. R. Callaway, it is believed, w^as the 
first pastor. Brethren Geo. Jenkins, T. R. Vincent and J. 
Burnes ordained deacons May 4, 1861. Elds. G. W. Kelley 
and Geo. Suiter were pastors at different times. This 
church was located northeast from Bolivar, in Folk county, 
Missouri, distant about 20 miles. The church from some 
cause has ceased to exist. It was the historic ground w'here 
Freedom association was organized on September 15, 1858. 
Wm. Jenkins, an aged veteran, is living not far from the 
classic ground, and was clerk a long time. John Inglis was 
a young man of 16 when the association was instituted. 

BRIGHTOX CHURCH, ANTE-BELLUM, 

was organized by Eld. Mapes ; constituent members were 
Eld. Mapes, Mary Mapes, Harriet Mapes, H. C. Ayres, 

John Nobles, Joshua Baker, Rebecca Mapes, Ayres. 

Brighton church was located 12 miles south of Bolivar, on 
the Springfield road, a little east of south. This church 
flourished until war times ; the war and the Freewills w-ere 
too much for it; the promising little body gave way and was 



lOO HISTORY OF POLK COUXTi' BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

not to be found until the year 1SS5. On the nth of March 
the church was orc^anized by Elds. S. Forester and J. W. 
Hahies, with 11 members, Isaac Crosswhite, R. W. Ham- 
montree, Alfred T. Lusk, C. W. Sherman, W. A. Daven- 
port, Nathan Cozad, Martha Cozad, Mary J. Davenport, 
Caroline Sherman, John Grove, Martha Grove. Brethren 
Crosswhite and Grove are deacons. Eld. J. W. Haines call- 
ed to care of the church and served as pastor three years ; 
present pastor, Eld. D. P. Brockus; 63 members. 

OAK GROVE 

was organized by Elds. J. M. Alexander and L. J. Tatum 
January I3, 1867. Its constituent members were Francis M. 
Hatler, John Lightfoot, Henry B. Lightfoot, Nancy J. Light- 
foot, Mary J. Hatler, Caroline Sailor. Its pastors were J. 
M. Alexander, two years, Isaac Ingram, five years, Jehu 
Robinson, one year, W. B. Epps, one year, W. W. Palmer, 
three years, B. L. Mitchell, tVv'O years, D. R. Jones, four 
years, David Hitson, one year, T. F. Semans, two or three 
years, is the present pastor ('96). Present membership, 
1-28. First deacon, John Lightfoot; church house built in 
1S69 and 1870, and is located about 12 miles northeast from 
Bolivar. 

UNION GROVE 

was organized by Elds. Jas. Cole and Jno. Clark Mitchell 
January 26, 1867. Its constituent members, Wm. Heydon, 
S. W. Alley, Susan C. Alley, Ann S. Devin, Sarah J. Thomp- 
son, MarthaJM. Heydon. Its pastors, Jno. C. Mitchell four 
years, G. W. Kelley three years, Geo. Long three years. 
Eld. Dent one year, Jehu Robinson two years, Jehu Baker 
one year, B. L. Mitchell one year, G. L. Wilson three years, 
G. H. Higginbotham two years, J. Gaylord one year, G. 
M. Botts one year. The church has fallen into decay for 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. lOI 

some reason. It has ceased to hold its sessions or maintain 
its worship. The Lord knows where the fault lies. In the 
summer of '96 a series of meetings was begun by Eld. T. B. 
Gordon and continued several days; but he withdrew from 
the work ; another preacher came in and in conjunction with 
Eld. S. W. Alley carried on the work still further ending in 
about 60 conversions and the rebuilding of Union Grove. 
Eld. T. B. Gordon is present pastor ('97). 

BOLIVAR CHURCH 

was organized by Eld. Wm. B. Senter September 3, 1859. 
Its constituent members were Alfred Wilhite, James A. Wil- 
hite, William Foushee, Mary Bowen, Lavina Wilhite, Sarah 
Akard, Charlotte McCall. The usual articles of faith, rules 
of decorum and church covenant adopted. Eld. Wm. B. 
Senter was the first pastor and was instrumental in the build- 
ing of the house of worship that has stood from 1S61 to 
1897. We will here notice the succession of pastorates: 

Wm. B. Senter called September 3, 1S59, ^° 1S61. 

D. R. Murphy called March, 1866, to August, 1S68. 

J. M. Lappin called August, 1868, to February, 1871. 

Geo. Mitchell called February, 187 1, to February, 1874. 

B. McCord Roberts called February, 1S74, to August, 187S. 

T. L. Lewis called April, 1879, to April, 1880. 

A. S. Ingman called April, 18S0, to August, 1880. 
R. K. Maiden called August, 1880, to August, 18S0. 

J. R. Maupin called September, 1880, to December, iSSo. 
T. L. Lewis called December, 1880, to March, 1S81. 
W. A. Wilson called March, 188 1, to 1S84. 

B. L. Mitchell called 18S4, to 1S86. 

A. S. Ingman called September, 1886, to September, '87. 

J. M. Wheeler called January, '88, to October, '88. 

J. R. Downer called February, '89, to May, '89. 

W. H. Burnham called May, '89, to January, '92. 

J. L. Leonard called February, '92. to November, '92. 

J. L. Taylor called November, '92, to September, '93. 



I02 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOIf, 

R. E. L. Burks called November, '93, to May, '94. 
R. E. L. Burks called August, '94, to October, '94. 
Richard Harrison called July, '95, to July, '96. 
R. E. L. Burks called December 10, '96, to . 

The most of these brethren have a sketch in Book III ; 

we cherish their memory and regard them as the excellent of 

the earth, Senter and Murphy, Geo. Mitchell and Roberts, 

with the inimitable Maupin, have passed beyond; their 

works follow them. Eld. A. S. Ingman was ordained April 

iS, iSSo, the presbytery being B. McCord Roberts, T. L. 

Lewis, Jehu Robinson, J. R. Maupin and J. VV. Haines. 

Bro. J. A. Lindsay was the first clerk of the church ; after the 

war brother Wm. M. Delaplain was the clerk from '66 to '88 ; 

brother C. T. Robinson from '88 to '90, followed by brother 

W. S. Askren, and at present, '97, Dr. W. S. Odor is clerk, 

H. B. Utley treasurer and Sunday school superintendent. 

Brother Wm. M. Delaplain and his wife, Martha, have been 

faithful members since they have been in the church. Sister 

Martha Odor has been a shining light, but has passed beyond. 

If space v^'ould permit we could speak of many others. 

MT. VIEW CHURCH 

was organized November 12, 1S51, with the following con- 
stituent members: Lucinda Simpson, Lucinda W. Simpson, 
Shepherd Starns, Avington W. Simpson. No record from 
November 12, 1851, to October 23, 1852. Eld. Thompson 
Pitts was chosen pastor, Reuben Simpson clerk, John Burns 
and Moses Simpson deacons. The second pastor was Wm. 
F. Spillman, chosen July, 1854, Thos. Standley clerk. 
About the year 1859 the church dissolved and reorganized 
December 5, 1868, with the following members: Jesse 
Bridges, Wm. Bridges, Melissa Bridges, Maria A. Long 
(Hockenhull), Rebecca Cowden. Mt. Moab was the name 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



103 



given to the new church by Elds. C. L. Alexander and 
Starns. Eld. Jehu Robinson was chosen pastor February, 
1871, S. D. Tidwell elected clerk and continued through all 
the years up to the present writing, 1893. On the fifth of 
May, 1873, the church building was dedicated; Eld. B. Mc- 
Cord Roberts preached the sermon, text "Be ye also en- 
larged;" present, Elds. George Suiter and George Mitch- 
ell. The church was a member of Old Path association. 
Its name was changed to Mt. View in March, 1871. In 
May, 1855, 33 members received letters to organize Hopewell 
church about 30 miles northeast of Bolivar. Eld. Isaac 
Ingram was called to the pastorate May 33, 1S74, and con- 
tinued in that office until January 8, 1S76; Greenberry Mitch- 
ell was pastor from Januarys, 1876, to November 6, 1880; 
Eld. R. K. Maiden was pastor from November 6, iSSo to 
June 3, 18S3; then Eld. B. L. Mitchell succeeded and con- 
tinued until May 31, 1884; John H. Stinecipher was chosen 
and is at this time (1897), the pastor of Mt. View church. 
Perennial Sunday school. Membership of church 349 
(minutes of '93). 

SLAGLE CREEK CHURCH 

was organized December 15, 1850; presbytery, Elds. Robert 
Ross and Thos. J. Kelley ; constituent members, Stephen 
Sawyers, Thos. J. Mitchell, Nancy Mitchell, James Barham. 
Elds. Kelley and Ross were alternate moderators until March 
8, 1 85 1, Eld. T. J. Kelley was elected moderator; in Janu- 
^^y^ 18545 Eld. Robert Ross was elected assistant moderator. 
Eld. Greenberry Mitchell was moderator pro tem. April 3i, 
1S56, and three successive meetings. On November 30, 
1856, Eld. Jas. Kennon elected moderator pro tem. Eld. 
Isaac Ingram chosen assistant moderator on the second Sat- 
urday in February, 1857. Eld. Geo. W. White moderator 



I04 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

pro tem. September 15, 1857. Delegates elected to conven- 
tion to meet with Mt. Zoar church in October, 1858, to form 
an association. Delegates were Jas. Wadlington, Stephen 
Sawyer, Henry Bradford and John Utley. 

Eld. T. J. Kelley was moderator from organization of 
church to second Saturday in April, '64, when Eld. H. J. 
Mapes was chosen. On second Saturday in February, '67, 
Eld. Isaac Ingram was elected pastor for one year. On 
Saturday before second Sunday in March, '68, Eld. G. W. 
White moderator. Eld. R. C. Gilmore moderator pro tem., 
April '6S] Eld. Greenberry Mitchell elected moderator- 
Saturday before second Sunday in November '75 ; Eld. G. 
W. White elected again Nov. '78; Eld. B. McCord Rob- 
erts was elected pastor May '79; Eld. B. L. Mitchell was 
ordained Friday before the second Sabbath in October, '79. 
Eld. J. S. Buckner was elected pastor June, 'Si, but being 
elected to foreign mission work in Missouri, Eld Greenberry 
Mitchell was re-elected pastor second Sunday in March, '82. 
On Saturday before second Sunday in April, '83, Eld. J. W. 
Haines was elected pastor, succeeded by Eld. B. L. Mitchell 
on the Saturday before the second Sunday in May, 85, and 
on Saturday before second Sunday in July, '86, Eld. D. P. 
Brockus was elected. On Saturday before second Sunday in 
September, '90, Eld. J. W. Mayfield succeeded to the pas- 
torate ; on Saturday before second Sunday in September, 
'91, Eld. D. P. Brockus was re-elected. 

Brother Reuben Slagle was clerk a number of years. 
The present clerk is brother F. J. Scroggins. The church 
maintains a good Sunday school with the clerk as superin- 
tendent. The venerable Isaac Ingram lives near the church. 
Unable to preach on account of physical infirmity; but strong 
in faith, ready to be offered up, and to take his place in the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I05 

company of the redeemed whenever the Lord shall call. 
Rob't Ross and G. B. Mitchell with others have gone be- 
yond. 

HUMANSVILLE CHURCH 

was organized June iS, 1S53, with 11 members, nine white 
and two colored. Wm. B. Senter and D. R. Murphy 
presbytery; Wm. B. Senter the first pastor. In July (third 
Sabbath) iy53> brethren Jesse Grover and Jas. Peak were 
ordained deacons, Elds. Pitts and Senter ofnciating. On the 
fourth Sunday in May, 1858, brother Frank Tillery was 
elected deacon, but when he was ordained could not be 
ascertained on account of the church book being so mutilated 
that the date of ordination was lost. Wm. B. Senter was 
pastor up to the war. There was an interval of four years 
without regular preaching until June 24, 1865, the church 
was I'eorganized by Elds. Jas. Kennon and Jas. Cole, who 
also preached from time to time until Saturday before the 
fourth Sunday in November, 1865, Eld. L. J. Tatum was 
chosen pastor. The record does not state when his term 
ceased. A brother Mitchell served until October, 1872, 
when he resigned. On Saturday before the fourth Sunday 
in November, 1872, Eld. D. R. Murphy was elected and 
served until June, 1S73, when he resigned. In July, 1S73, 
Eld. Jehu Robinson was chosen as the pastor and served as 
such until July, 1875, when Eld. L. J. Tatum was again 
elected. On Saturday before second Sunday in July brother 
T. J. Akins was ordained to the gospel ministey and brother 
H. L. Green was ordained to the office of deacon, presbytery 
consisting of L. J. Tatum, Jas. Kennon and Black. Eld. 
L. J. Tatum served the church until December, 1880; in 
April, 1 88 1, Eld. J. R. Maupin was chosen to the pastorate 
and served one year; at April meeting, 1882, Eld. T. J. 



I06 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO::^. 

Akins was elected pastor and served until August, 1S83, 
when Eld. J. T. Metcalf was elected and served one year; 
in January, 1SS5, Eld. M. Root was chosen and served one 
year. Saturday before second Sunday in November, 1SS5, 
brethren A. Hopper and Geo. Hodge were ordained as 
deacons; Saturday before second Sunday in February, — , 
Eld. Hunt was elected pastor and served two months ; in May, 
1886, Eld. S. H. Hardy was elected and served until May, 
1888. At July meeting, 1888, Eld. R. E. Burks was elected 
and served until September, 18S9; Eld. T. J. Akins sup- 
plied the church until January, 1890, when Eld. J. M. Car- 
ter was chosen, and served until his resignation in October, 
1891. Eld. W. H. Burnham was elected in December, 1891, 
and served one year; in December, 1S92, Eld. J. M. Free- 
man was elected and is at present writing (July, 1893,) min- 
istering to the church. These items were kindly furnished 
by brother T. Y. Williams. Sunday school in running or- 
der all the time; membership in church, 163. ^ 

PLEASANT RIDGE CHURCH 

v/as organized Saturday before third Sunday in December, 

1868; presbytery, Elds. J. E. B. Justice, M.J. Conn and 

Deacon Isaac Wood. Constituent members, Thos. N. Chil- 

ders, Melvina Childers, F. M. Kelley, Mary E. Kelley, Wm. 

Owen, Margaret R. Owen, Jas. Owen, Lucinda Owen, J. K. 

Mayo, Mary Mayo, Alex. Davis, Elvira J. Baker. Pastors 

having the care of the church from the organization to July, 

1893, as follows : 

J. E. B. Justice, December, '68, to December, '71 ; Norman Gay- 
lord, January, '72, to December, '72; J. E. B. Justice, June, '73, to 
January, '76; J. C. T. Wood, May, '76, to September, '78; Geo. 
Long, March, '79, to December, '79; G. W. Kelley, June, '80, to 
October, '80; Geo. Long, January, 'Si, to December, 'Si; J. C. T. 
Wood, April, '82, to June, '82; J. E. B. Justice, March, '83, to Au- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 107 

gust, 'S3; R. C. Gilmore, March, '84, to January, '89; W. J. Denton, 
June, '89, to August, '89; J. H. Moore, December, '89, to September, 
'90; R. C. Gilmore, February, '91, to February, '93, and is bishop to 
this day, the middle of the year '96. 

They have a Sunday school. Clerk of the church, D. 
M. Dickerson. Present membership, 92. D. M. Dickerson 
and R. S. Boone were ordained deacons in September, 1S93 ; 
Samuel Niel is a deacon. Jas. Owen had filled the office of 
deacon, but was subsequently ordained to the full work of 
the ministry. 

CONCORD CHURCH 

was organized the fifth Sunday in August, 1S73, with the 
following constituent members: Wood Hamilton, Susan 
Hamilton, Samuel Griffin, Martha Griffin, Martha J. Griffin, 
Dr. Samuel Griffin, Alex. Lane, Valeria Griffin. The first 
minute preserved was in September, 1874, when brother Jos. 
Blakey and Amelia Lemon joined by letter. The succes- 
sion of pastors is not given. The writer remembers a very 
precious meeting we had in 18S6, commencing October 24. 
Eld. Geo. Long was the pastor; Eld. J. F. Ingram and 
brother Whit. Burnes were with us. The meeting closed on 
the 31st with eight professions and two restored. The names 
of those professing were Mrs. Degraffenreid, Thos. Degraff- 
enreid, Cyntha Jones, R. C. Sell and wife, Ada Coble, El- 
zura Scroggins and Geo. Renfro. Brother Berry Scroggins 
and Si Jones were restored. The church in 1S91 had 105 
members and a Sunday school part of the year. Present 
pastor (November, 1S96,) Eld. J. C. Thompson. 

MT. PLEASANT CHURCH 

was organized in Greene county, Missouri, in the year 1838, 
on the third Saturday in January, with 14 members; presby- 
tery, David Coffman, Jo Gilmore and Elijah Williams. It 



lOS HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

was a part of Liberty association, that spread over several 
counties. Eld. Wm. Tatum was first pastor, and continued 
as such for 15 years; Eld. Elijah Williams succeeded him. 
Eld. George Wilson was pastor in 18S3, the church at that 
time numbering 102 members. 

FRIENDSHIP CHURCH 

was organized in July, 1843. Eld. Wm. Tatum was the 
first pastor. Its house of worship was rebuilt in 1S70, a 
frame building 36x42 feet. Eld. B. McCord Roberts was 
pastor in iSSi. 

CEDAR BLUFF CHURCH 

was organized September 3, 1S58, with eight members, by 
Eld. D. R. Murphy, who was chosen the first pastor. Eld. 
J. W. Williams was next chosen, after which Eld. J. H. 
Wommack was elected, followed by Eld. Jacob Goode. 
Present pastor. Eld. R. B. Carnett. 

CEDAR CHURCH 

was organized in July, 1838, by Hiram Savage, Wm. Sav- 
age and Elijah Williams, The constituent members: Wm. 
Ainsworth, Jno. Connor, Warren P. Reavis, Ezra Hamor, 
Jno. Long, Obadiah Smith, Lucretia Ainsworth and Keziah 
Hamor. Eld. Hiram Savage was the first pastor and re- 
tained the office two years. His successors were D. R. Mur- 
phy, David Stites, Thos. Smith, John Satterfield, John Ford, 
J. B. Carrico, and B. F. Lawler. In 1840 a frame building 
was erected 30x40 feet, which was rebuilt in 1871. Obadiah 
Smith, L. R. Ash worth and Jas. Johnson were, at the call 
of the church, ordained to the full work of the ministry. 
July, 1861, was the date of the last meeting until the war 
ended. Elds. Jno. T. Metcalf and Jas. Cole and S. L. 
Smith, a licentiate, held a meeting in September, 1866, and 
revived the old church. Eld. R. S. Duncan says in his 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I09 

history, from which these items are taken, that Eld. H. 
Smith was pastor 1S74; Eld. Jno. T. Metcalf was pastor for 
some years. The writer accepted care of the church at the 
beginning of the year 1S76 and occupied the pulpit one year, 
preaching once a month. Eld. Crow was called to the 
church in 1S77; some years have elapsed since he was called ; 
there may have been a number of changes since that period; 
Eld. Chas. Logan was pastor in the 'So's. Some good, sub- 
stantial families remain in the church and neighborhood, viz: 
The Smiths, the Williams, the Prestons, Gwinns, Shermans 
and Caseys, members that would do honor to any church 
or community. A number may be found on the church roll 
who are equally honorable and will no doubt shine in the 
galaxy of the redeemed amid the armies of heaven with un- 
fading glory. This church was at first included in Liberty 
association along with Coon Creek, Bethel, High Prairie, 
Pleasant Ridge and Blue Spring. In 1S4S these churches 
formed a new association and called it Cedar association. 
After the war, in 1S66, messengers from seven churches met 
with Antioch church and reorganized under the name and 
style of Antioch association of United Baptists, J. M. Smith 
moderator and G. Ward clerk. The seven churches as fol- 
lows, viz: Mt. Gilead, Red Hill, Olive Branch, Union, 
Weaubleau, Antioch, and Mt. Pleasant. In 1S67 they met 
at Union church and in 186S at Mt. Gilead. The name is 
changed to Cedar association again. 

MT. OLIVE CHURCH 

was organized by Eld. George Long, August, 1869. The 
members were John Hutchinson, John Weese, Elizabeth 
Hutchinson, Margaret Wyatt, Martha Cunningham, Christina 
Johnson, Eliza Weese, Cyntha Hutchinson. There was no 
regular meeting until 187 1, when the New Prospect associa- 



no HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOK". 

tion, to which the church then belonged, sent brother George 
Long, the missionary, to preach for the church one year. 
There were 26 additions this year; John W. Miller was li- 
censed to preach. In 1872 Eld. George Long was called 
again; seven additions; Jacob Newhart was licensed to 
preach. Li 1S73 Eld. Norman Gaylord was elected pastor, 
and in connection with Eld. George Long held a meeting, at 
which there were 17 additions. Eld. Gaylord did not attend 
after this meeting, but in about two months after his call was 
dismissed and Eld. G. W. Kelley was elected pastor Febru- 
ary, 1S73. In February, 1874, EkL Kelley was again 
elected. 

In 1S75 Eld. Geo. Long was called, 9 members added. 

In 1S7& Eld. Geo. Long was called, 16 members added. 

In 1877 Eld. Geo. Long was called, 7 members added. 

In 1S7S Eld. Geo. Long was called, 13 members added. Jno. M. 
Clark was licensed to preach in June. 

In 1879 Eld. W. W, Palmer was elected, 6 members added. 

In iSSo Eld. Geo. Long was called, 5 members added. 

In 1S81 Eld. Geo. Long was called^ 27 members added. 

In 1SS2 Eld. Geo. Long was called, but resigned in February, and 
in May, 1SS2, Eld, Geo, L. Wilson was called, 3 members added. 

In 1S83, in May, Eld. Geo. Long was called, i member added. 

In 1884, in May, Eld. Geo. Long was called, 2 members added. 

In 1S85, in May, Eld. T. M. S. Mead was called. 

In 1886, in May, Eld. Geo. Long was called, 4 members added. 
Brother W. A. Burks licensed to preach November 7, 1886. 

In 1888 Eld. G. M. Botts was called, 8 members added. 

In 1SS9 Eld. G. M. Botts was called, ii members added, resigned 
October 4, 1890. 

In 1S90, in October, Eld. T. M. S. Mead was called, 9 members 
added. 

In 1891 Eld. R. H. Long baptized Chas. Cunningham, Mollie 
Thomas and Alice Weese. 

In 1891, in October, Eld. T. M. S. Mead was called. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. Ill 

In 1892, in October, Eld, J. A. Newport was called, S members 
added. J. O. Butler ordained deacon April 3, '92, by Elds. Mead 
and Newport. Wm. Hutchinson and Bailey East were received as 
members and deacons in June, '71. J. A. Johnson licensed to 
preach January 31, '91. 

The clerks in their order were J. A, Johnson, J. O. Butler, J. A. 
Johnson, J. O. Butler, Jos. H. Heydon, J. A. Johnson, Jos. H. Hey- 
don, J. W. Northern, J. A. Bryant and Elijah Dunaway. 

PLEASANT VIEW CHURCH 

was organised April 14, 1S83, at Roberts school house eight 
miles northeast of Bolivar, Missouri, by a presbytery as fol- 
lows: Eld. J. R. Callaway, Eld. Geo. Suiter, Eld. Green- 
berry Mitchell, Eld. D. P. Brockus, deacon W. S. M. Bar- 
nett and brother Jos, Gordon. Constituent members, 
Reuben Lunsford, G. W, Burnes, C. J. Burnes, Richard 
Brown, Mary A. Brown, Esther Henson, J, J. Vickrey, 
Jno, C. Davidson, Joletha Davidson, Susanna Chasteen. 
Pastor D. P. Brockns was chosen and served six years ; 
David Hitson was then chosen and served about one year, 
succeeded by Eld, D. P. Brockus. Salary, $50 per year. 
Brother G. W. Burnes was licensed to preach October, 18S6, 
No Sunday school; present m.embership of church, 89. 
They have a neat frame house to worship in, about 35x50 
feet. Eld. Chas. Grove is pastor ('97). 

SALEM CHURCH 

was organized at the house of Wm. Minner in Polk county, 
Missouri, October 23, 1S8S, about nine miles northwest of 
Bolivar, Missouri, presbytery. Eld. J, F, Hampton and 
brother J. A. Jones, Constituent members, Wm. Minner, 
Louisa Minner, Geo, Worthan, Mary J. Austin, Catharine 
Ellsworth, Amanda Noblett, Annie Noblett, S. W. Troyer, 
Adaline Troyer, all of New Hope church. On motion of 
brother Wm. Minner, the body was declared to be a Baptist 



Il2 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO:^. 

church with the name of Salem ; after which on the same 
day the church received by letter, Dr. I. M. Jones, by rela- 
tion, C. B. Jones, Malinda Wollard, S. W. Belknap, and 
on the following Sunday there were baptized, S. E. Coberly, 
Ed Noblett, W. P. Jones, Eliza Rountree, Mary Grisson, 
Sarah Grisson, Ida Richards, Delia Henson, Henry Lene- 
gar, Mary E. Jones and Ida Wilson. Eld, Hampton ad- 
ministered the ordinance, and was elected pastor December 
23, i88S; salary, $iio. Brother G. W. Troyer was or- 
dained a deacon April 28, 1S89. Eld. G. W. Sherman was 
chosen pastor March 23, 1890; Eld. J. M. Freeman elected 
pastor September 27, 1890; Eld. J. A. Newport elected 
pastor February 11, 1S93. One feature of church govern- 
ment is: a committee is appointed, partly of deacons and 
partly of laymen, to whom all grievances are submitted, and 
oftentimes disturbances are settled without tedious delay in 
the church. Eld. J. C. Thompson is pastor (1897). 

Campbell's grove church 

was organized July 20, 1879, at Oak Grove school house, five 
miles southwest from Bolivar, in Folk county, Missouri, by 
Eld. Jehu Robinson. The articles of faith adopted were 
those printed in Crowell's Hand-Book. The following were 
constituent members, viz : John Talent, John Inglis, R. T. 
Ellis, T. B. Gordon, Sarah Ellis, Lizzie Ellis, Margaret 
Inglis. 

Eld. Jehu Robinson was elected pastor September 22, 1S79; ^^" 
signed February 15, iS8o. 

Eld. N. T. Allison was elected pastor March 24, iSSo. 

Eld. T. L. Lewis was elected pastor April 16; iSSi, and resigned 
November 20, 1S81. 

Eld. Jehu Robinson was re-elected pastor February iS, 18S2, and 
again November, 18S2, but declined. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 1 13 

Eld. J. W. Haines was chosen pastor May 5, 1S83, re-elected May 
3. 18S4. 

Eld. Isaac Ingram was called to the care of the church, but did 
not respond. This was in May, 1SS5. 

Eld. J. W. Mayfield was called Aug. i, '85. and served to Jan. i,'86. 

Eld. Jos. F. Ingram was elected December, 18S6. 

Eld. J. W. Mayfield was called again January 8, 18S7, and resign- 
ed November 6, 1SS7. 

Eld. J. W. Haines re-elected February iS, 1888. 

Eld. G. W. Smith elected pastor June 8, 1890. 

Eld. J. F. Ingram re-elected December 13, 1S90. * 

Eld. J. M. Payne chosen December 13, 1891, and re-elected De- 
cember 10, 1892, but the church was unwilling to accede to the terms 
proposed by Eld. Payne, therefore elected another pastor, Eld. J. C. 
T. Wood, who is at present date serving the church (viz: 1893). 

The present membership, 25. Sunday school part of 
the year; superintendent, T. B. Gordon. May the Lord 
bless the church at Campbell's Grove. For about six or 
eight years past efforts were made to carry on revival work, 
but all in vain. When at last a meeting was commenced 
about the second Sunday of November, 1S93, continuing to 
the fourth Sunday, the deadlock was at last broken. Show- 
ers of mercy and grace were poured out upon the people, 18 
souls were happily converted, 31 additions to the church, and 
more to follow. These facts are some of the joys that are 
granted to God's people that the world knows nothing about. 
Pastor of the church (November, 1896,) Eld. W. A. Gil- 
more. Brother T. B. Gordon was ordained to the full work 
of the ministry November 8, 1S96, presbytery, J. W. Haines, 
W. A. Gilmore and deacons R. T. Ellis, N. S. Harrill, D. 
Dickerson and George Hale. 

PISGAH CHURCH 

was organized August 21, 1843, at old Jackey Randall's 
under a hickory tree one half mile east of Niangua river. 



114 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTi' BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Eld. J. R. Callaway and Eld. D. R. Murphy were the pres- 
bytery; Mary Randall, Matilda Randall and Chas. Doosen- 
berry were the constituent members, only one of whom is 
now living viz: Matilda McDonald, nee Randall. The 
church maintained its worship as best it could in school 
houses and arbors until the year 1858 a church house was 
built one and a half miles southwest of Long Lane, which 
isyet standing; butis getting badly worn and weather-beaten. 
In 1867 the. church dismissed by letter 13 members to organ- 
ize Enon church; and in August, 1S71, quite a number was 
dismissed to aid in the organization of Bethlehem church ; 
but Bethlehem dissolved in a few years and went into the 
organization of Tharp church. April 3, 1890, 14 members 
received letters to form Harmony church. Pisgah has dis- 
missed 103 members to build up other churches; lost by 
death, 47; dropped from the roll, 24. Some of them moved 
off in time of war, the church lost trace of them, therefore 
their names were dropped from the roll. The records of the 
church up to 1861 were lost, therefore the history is made up 
from the memory of the older members. The following are 
the names of the pastors : 

U. R. Murphy and J. R. Callaway served the church for a season, 
then, Jack Miller, Jas. Cobb, E. Burch, Samuel Jobe, Ronsa Coop- 
er, Isaiah Jamieson Tjles, Zadoc McDonald, Patton Keel, Samuel 
Davis and J. W. Williams. The latter served in 1S60 and tS6i. 
From June, 1S61, to June, 1S66, there was no regular service, preach- 
ing occasionally. In June, 1S66, Eld. C. L. Alexander was called to 
the care of the church and served until December, 1S67; then Eld. 
W. C. Edwards served till 1S70; Eld. J. M. James followed until 
September 25, 1S71; Eld. B. J. Smith succeeded and occupied till 
August, 1S72. In April, 1S73, Eld. J. H. Stinecipher was elected 
and served till August, 1S74; then Z. T. Strickland served till July, 
1S76; Eld. G. W. Black served the church till August, 1S77; Eld. Z. 
T. Strickland was again called and served till August, iSSi; Eld. J. H. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. II5 

Stinecipher was called again and presided until Ma}', 1SS5; Eld. R. 
B. Carnett served one year; Eld. W. N. Cain occupied till 1S90; 
Eld. Wm. Hoover was next called and served one year; Eld. N. J. 
Stinecipher was called and is now serving the church (1S93). 252 
names have been enrolled since the organization. 

BETHEL CHURCH 

was organii^ed by Elds. G. W. Sherman and VVm. N. Cain 
November 23, 1SS8. The following were constituent mem- 
bers, viz: John E. Cline, Wm. C. Lindsey, Rebecca Ed- 
misson, Mattie M. Lindsey, Margaret Randies and A. C. 
Wollard. Wm. C. Lindsey was elected clerk. The writer 
gives no further statistics and leaves us to infer the church is 
located in Dallas county, Missouri. A number of members 
were received November 24, and elected Wm. N. Cain pastor. 

CENTER POINT 

was organized March 14, 1891, by the following presbytery: 
Elders E. D. Fortner, H. C. Ayres, W. E. Hoover, J. A. 
Newport, N. J. Stinecipher and deacons J. A. Mathis and 
N. J. Wollard. The following are the constituent members, 
viz: Norris Creek, Canada Blankenship, N. Cline, J. T. 
VVatkins, W. H. Creek, J. S. Powell, W. D. Powell, J. N. 
Lindsey, J. A. Brown, D. L. Thompson, H. George, Wm. 
Henson, A. Henson, Josie Powell, Polly N. Cline, Elander 
Creek, Sarah D. Watkins, Martha Cline, Sarah F. Blanken- 
ship, America Creek, Hannah Powell, Rebecca Lindsey, 
Mary J. Brown, M. A. Thompson, Sarah Powell, Mary 
George, Nancy Henson, Ida Henson, Rosetta Nemore. Ar- 
ticles of faith adopted from J. Newton Brown. Member- 
ship September i, 1893, 56. Church located in Dallas 
county, Missouri. 

SHARON CHURCH 

was organized December 15, 1888, by Elds. J. C. T. Wood 
and W. J, Denton and W. F. Parker and Jas. Owen, dea- 



Il6 HISTORY OF POLK COUNT!' BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

con George Claypool ; Eld. Wood moderator, Wm. J. Den- 
ton clerk. The following were the original members in the 
constitution of the church : 

W. C. Eskew, Melissa Eskew, Marion D. Wright, Maggie M. 
Wright, Wm. D. Wimpey, Sulthana D. Wimpej, Mary Olive Wim- 
pey, Plaudie B. Wimpey, Loyola P. Wimpey, Wm. H. Gilliam, H. S. 
Gilliam, Matthew Marion, J. P. Organ, Mary J. Organ, J. A. Dotson, 
Margaret Dotson, Thos. S. Dotson, Jas. L. Dotson, Margaret L. Dot- 
son, Wm. W. Dotson, Cansada Dotson, Joe Wood. Nannie E. Wood, 
J. O. Wood, I. S. Wood, J. K. Dobbins, Celia C. Dobbins, Jno. D. 
Dobbins, A. J. Malicoat, Mary B. Dobbins, Thos. Box, Elmer Hen- 
derson, Louisa E. Shae, W. D. Coats, Robert R. Dotson, Minerva D. 
Walker. 

Eld. J. C. T. Wood was elected pastor and served four 
years, then Eld. W. T. Holbert was elected, and he has given 
good satisfaction. The deacons are W. C. Eskew, Jas. P. 
Organ and J. K. Dobbins. Eld. J. S. Buckner, the Sunday 
school missionary, visited our church March 8, 1S90, and 
aided in the organization of a Sunday school, which we have 
held ever since. Though strongly opposed by other denom- 
inations, who are anxious for a union Sunday school, we 
have remained firm, and, trusting in the Lord, we hope to in- 
crease more and more in doing good. The church, by reso- 
lution, granted a license to brother W. J. Eskew to preach 
the gospel September 13, 1S91. Brother W. D. Wimpey 
was elected clerk of the church at its organization and has 
filled that office acceptably to this day, 1893. 

PRAIRIE MOUND CHURCH 

was organized November 35, 1888, at Elm Grove school 

house, with the following constituent members : 

P. A. Richardson, S. A. Richardson, S. E. Richardson, Calvin 
Williams, L. B. Williams, Lena Williams, Rebecca Sims, Henry 
Prince, Anna Prince, Ellen M. Keeling, Martha J. Geyer, J. B. In- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 1 17 

gledow, J. B. Lindsey, W. H. Holden, Alice Woodruff, Chas. Tucker, 
Ida Bany, Winnie Warren, Lillie Warren, Emma Lindsey, M A. 
Richardson. 

Brethren Calvin Williams and P. A, Richardson were 
ordained to the deaconship, presbytery consisting of Elders 
W. J. Hunter and S. S. Pike. The first pastor chosen was 
Eld. M. Slaughter, but having received a call from the 
church in Buffalo, Dallas county, he did not accept the call. 
The Prairie Mound church then called brother P. M. John- 
son, a licentiate of Bolivar church and subsequently a mis- 
sionary to India. Brother Johnson preached throughout the 
year 1S89, except the last two meetings. His ordination was 
called for by the church at Prairie Mound. At the proper 
time we may record the fact of his ordination. On the first 
Lord's day in January, 1S90, Eld. R. C. Gilmore was 
called to the pastorate. Deacon P. A. Richardson was 
elected clerk. At the end of the year 1S90, Eld. Gilmore 
received a second yearly call. At the regular meeting in 
March, . 1S93, Eld. R. E. L. Burks was elected to the 
pastorate and re-elected in 1S93. They have a neat house 
of worship, costing $600. TJie pre<*ent pastor is Eld. J. L. 
Leonard(i894). The number of members, 45. 

MORRISVILLE CHURCH 

was oi-ganized May 11, 1S90, with 18 members, the presby- 
tery consisting of Elders J. F. Hampton, Isaac Ingram and 
J. A. Newport. Eld. J. A. Newport was called to the 
pastorate March 8, 189 1, and filled that office until February 
6, 1892. On the next day Eld. Wm. McPherson was 
elected and labored for the church till September 3, 1893. 
On the 26th of October following. Eld. J. M. Payne was 
called and remained with the church until the end of the 
second year and supplied them for some time afterward. 



riS HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATroiS'. 

At the present time (1894) the chtirch is without a paston 
They have a debt of $332 which brother Cavin, now o£ 
Greenfield, Missouri, has obligated himself to pay. But the 
brethren, fall of g-enerous impulses, are not willing that 
brother Cavin should pay it all, but they feel unable to pay 
it and have a pastor too. They have received aid from the 
state board at Mexico, Missouri, and the board is at this 
writing considei-ing the propriety of aiding the church. 
Present membership (1894), 34. The debt is paid (1895). 

SCHOFIELD CHAPEL 

was organized February 3, 1877^ presbytery, Eld. Jas. Scho- 
field moderator, Eld. W. B. Epps secretary, Elds. J. H, 
Wommack, George Suiter and Robert Ross assisting. The 
constituent members were j 

Male members, G. W. Og-lesby, A. J. Sheridan, D. S. Gordon, 
D. P. Brockus, J. H. Gordon; female members, Mary A. Oglesby, 
S. R. Sheridan, A. C. Gordon, Mary M. Brockus, Mary P. Gordon, 
Priscilla Oglesby, Aquilla Oglesby, M. E. Oglesby, Samantha 
Morean, Mary Ann Moreau. 

Since that time there have been 191 males and 191 fe- 
males received into the chmxh. . Present membership, 192. 
Eld. Wm. B. Epps for eight years previous to the organiza- 
tion preached in an old log school house near by, and at its 
organization took the care of the church and remained its 
pastor until March, 1892, at which time, on account of failing 
health, he resigned. Eld. E. D. Fortner was then chosen as 
pastor and continued the work until October, 1S93, when he 
was chosen as missionary for Dallas County association, and 
on his resignation Eld. D, P. Brockus was elected and took 
charge of the church. About the year 1869 Eld. D. P. 
Brockus commenced a Sunday school at the old school house 
in the neighborhood, and continued the work as superintend- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



119 



ent until the church was organized, and since that time the 
church has continued it an "evergreen" Sunday scliool. The 
deacons of the church have been Jas. G. Dowell, T. H. Sher- 
idan, J. H. Gordon and S. O. Gordon. Present pastor 
(1S96) Eld. T. Peterson. 

FAIR PLAY CHURCH 

was organized May 13, 1SS8, with the following presbytery 
Elders J. F. Hampton, T. J. Akins, W. C. Armstrong, J. 
W. Haines and deacon J. T. Wilson. After sermon by 
Eld. T. J. Akins, presbytery organized by calling Eld T 
W. Haines to the chair and J. C. Smith, secretary. Twen^ 
ty-one names were presented desiring recognition as a 
church. Brother Blair was elected clerk of the church • 
brother J. O. McGee was elected deacon and brother J c' 
Smith was ordained a deacon. Eld. J. F, Hampton was 
chosen pastor. Since that day there have been a number of 
pastors chosen, also a number of additions to the church 
also an arm at Fox school house two miles southwest, where 
some of the members are living. During the pastorate of 
Eld. Hampton, a neat house of worship was erected on an 
ebgible sue on the north part of the town. A Sunday school 
has been organized with deacon J. O. McGee as superinten- 
dent, 

HARMONY CHURCH 

was organized March 17, 1S90, with the following presby. 
tery, viz: E. D. Fortner, missionary Dallas County associ- 
ation, G. W. Sherman of Buffalo church, J. P. Brownlow 
of the same, brethren N.J. Wollard and S. P. Williams, 
i^ld. l<ortner preached the sermon and Eld. G. W. Sherman 
read the articles of faith and church covenant. The follow- 
ing brethren and sisters were enrolled and recognized as con- 
stituent members of Harmony church: 



I20 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATlOJir. 

G. M. Howerton, J. R. Ernest, W. E. Ernest, W. T. Kellog-g-, 
F. M. McAdoo, J. C. Ernest, W. T. Howerton, M. S. Howerton, 
Sarah E. Ernest, Mary Ernest, Rebecca E. Kellogg, Susan E, 
Ernest, S. J. McAdoo, Mary E. Hawerton. 

After the organization brother J. R. Krnest was elected 
clerk, and brethren G. M. Howerton and W. T. Kellogg- 
were elected deacons. Eld. E. D. Fortner was pastor of the 
church three years ; the present pastor is Eld. W. S. Hodges. 
The church was organized at Latimer school house, in Wash- 
ington township, Dallas county, Missouri. They now have 
a house of worship 30x40 feet. Their present number ot 
members is 49 ; four had been dismissed by letter, two ex- 
cluded and two had died. C. E. Marshall is the present 
clerk. These items were furnished by a special committee 
appointed by the church, viz: W. H. Cofer, W. E. Ernest 
and C. E. Marshall. 

ROCK PRAIRIE 

was organized April 17, 1874, with iS members, seven 

males and 11 females, as follows: 

John R. Glover, Jonathan Glover, Wm. W. Glover, Wm. B. 
Williams, T. H. Sheridan, E. F. May field. H. B. Mayfield, 
Sarah E. Glover, Nancy F. Glover, Dorcas Glover, Mary E. 
Sheridan, Nancy J. Mayfield, Amanda Williams, Theresa May- 
field, Lucinda Prater, Charlotte McMillon and Charity Maddux. 

The presbytery was Elds, Wm. B. Epps and Greenberry 
Mitchell. 

Eld. Mitchell was the first pastor, from 1874 to 1877. 
Second pastor, was Wm. B. Epps, from 1877 to 1879. 
Third pastor, G. B. Mitchell, from 1879 to 1880. 
The fourth, J. P. Akin, from 1880 to 1881. 
The fifth, G. B. Mitchell, from 1881 to 1883. 
The sixth, J. H. Highfill, from 1882 to 1884. 
The seventh, G. B. Mitchell, from 1884 to 1885. 
The eighth, J. H. Highfill, from 1885 to 1886. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION". 121 

The ninth, E. D. Fortner, from 1886 to 1888. 

The tenth, J. W. Mayfield, from 1888 to 1891. 

The eleventh, Tiffin Peterson, from 1891 to 1893. 

The twelfth, J. W. Mayfield, from 1893 to the present, 1894. 

The church has been identified with Greene County as- 
sociation until 1 89 1 it was enrolled with the churches in Polk 
County association. It then reported a membership of 123. 

ELKTON CHURCH 

was organized on the second Saturday in April, 1853. The 
following persons were gathered at Woods school house for 
the purpose of the organization, viz: Marcus L. Graff, 
Susan M. Graff, David L. Lightfoot, Sarah H. Lightfoot, 
Carion Tillery, Dennis Skaggs, Ally Skaggs, Riley Barnett 
and Margaret Barnett. Eld. Jas. T. Wheeler was the pres- 
byter and moderator, M. L. Graff, clerk. The names of the 
deacons are: Jas. R. Bass and John H. Mashburn. The 
trustees are brethren James E. Rupard, A J. Tinsley and 
Thos. Mashburn; treasurer, C. C. McCracken, clerk, A. 
Vaughn. Since the organization several churches have been 
organized from members of Elkton church, viz: Mission 
Chapel, Weaubleau and Sunnyslope. Eld. J. A. Newport 
is the present pastor (1S94). Eld. D. R. Jones and Eld. J. 
T. Metcalf have formerly occupied the office of pastor. 

BUFFALO 

was organized January 14, 1889, by Eld. Jehu Robinson, 

Eld. D. P. Brockus and Eld. Z. T. Strickland presbytery, 

with 1 1 constituent members, as follows : 

M. G. Lovan, J. B. Moore, W. G. Joyner, M. J. Moore, W. 
Hunt, Z. T. Strickland, J. S. Moore, John Hendrickson, and sis- 
ters M. E. Lovan, M. E. Strickland and Nancy Joyner. 

Pendleton's manual of faith and church covenant were 
adopted. Eld. B. L. Mitchell was the first pastor. During 



12 2 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

his pastorate there were 35 added to the church. After this 
there was a considerable time when the church was without 
a pastor. Some left the church, one died, leaving 35 mem- 
bers. Brother M. G. Lovan was deacon from the organiza- 
tion to the time of his death; he was a faithful, earnest and 
efficient brother. Eld. J. H. Stinecipher was called to the 
care of the church in June, 1SS6, for one-fourth of the time, 
or once a month ; at the end of the year he was called for 
half his time as missionary pastor, under appointment of the 
stqte board, till March, 1888, when he tendered his resigna- 
tion to the board. During this time the church had built a 
neat brick building at a cost of $5,000, and the membership 
increased to no. Eld. M. Slaughter was their next pastor 
for one year. A serious trouble arose in the church, which 
retarded its growth a great deal, but it is hoped the trouble 
has subsided. The church has enjoyed the labors of Eld. E. 
D. Fortner for one year and Eld. D. P. Brockus for one 
year. In 1894 Eld. J. H. Stinecipher was again appointed 
missionary pastor. Only about 35 members could be paraded 
for duty. Brethren J. P. Brownlow, Dr. A. M. Jones, H. 
G. Lovan and VV. T. Hunt were ordained deacons. These 
were excellent, faithful brethren. The church has a Sabbath 
school, averaging about 60 in attendance. There are now 
(1894) 53 members, who are living in peace and harmony. 

MT. PISGAH 

was organized not far from the present town of Dadeville, 
Dade county, Missouri, on the 14th day of February, 1S36, 
and is therefore the oldest church of which we have any re- 
cord in the bounds of the early associations of Southwest 
Missouri. The members in the constitution were Martin 
Waddle, Elisha Henson, Ann Henson, Polly Henson, Hiram 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 123 

Savage, William Barnes, Margaret Barnes, Margery Leforz 
and Catharine McDowell. The I3 articles of faith adopted 
are in accord with the articles usually adopted by Baptists, 
also the rules of decorum, except that the church will have 
nothing to do with missionary societies, home or foreign. 
The presbytery in the organization was Eld. Andrew King- 
ery and Eld. Elijah Williams, In April, on the second Sun 
day, in the year 1836, Eld. Williams baptized Abraham 
Casebier, Eleanor M. Casebier and Isaac Allen, and on 
Monday, the nth. Eld. Williams baptized James Leforz, 
Jennette Leforz, Campbell English and Mary Ann Barks. 
On Sunday, April 22, Eld. Kingery baptized sisters Eliza- 
beth English, Polly Ann French and Nancy Barnes. Hiram 
Savage was ordained to the full work of the ministry on the 
third Saturday in July, 1836, Elds. Williams and Kingery 
the presbytery. On Sunday Nelson McDowell was baptized 
by Eld. Williams. Martin Waddle and James Leforz were 
the first clerks, followed by Nelson McDowell, who remained 
in office several years. Eld. Hiram Savage baptized Luke 
W. Savage on Sunday, March 19, 1837. In April of this 
year it was agreed that the church have their communion in 
May and September, and that the example of foot-washing 
be attended to after the Supper. (The Saviour washed the 
disciples' feet at the house of Simon the leper, two days be- 
fore the Lord's Supper was instituted.) Eld. Savage also 
baptized brethren Samuel and John F. Leforz October, 1837. 
Eld. H. Savage was elected pastor October, 1838. Eld. 
Jesse Mason seems to follow Eld. Savage in the pastorate 
from December, 1840, until December, 1842. Eld. Thos. J. 
Kelley appears to officiate until March, 1856, he received a 
call from the church again, and replied he would serve if the 
church would meet with him on Saturdays. Elds. Williams, 



124 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Savage, White, Isaac Ruth and other preachers officiated oc- 
casionally. 

Eld. Geo. White was called October, 1S56, but no evi- 
dence of his ncceptance is recorded. Eld. Kelley was again 
called April, 1S57, but from all we can gather did not ac- 
cept for his name does not regularly occur in the minutes. 
Ao-ain on January, 1858, he received another call from the 
church but he declined because some of the members were 
opposed to his doctrine. In February, 1S58, Eld. Jas. Ken- 
nonwas chosen pastor and brethren Thos. McDaniel, Martin 
Holder and Jesse Kerby were appointed to wait on him to 
know his will in regard to serving the church. It is pre- 
sumed that he served ; but no further mention of his name 
occurs. In February, 1S59, Eld. Jno. Ford filled the pul- 
pit, and in June, 1859, Eld. J. E. B. Justice was called by 
acclamation a'; pastor. Brethren Martin Holder and R.'M. 
Hayter appointed to wait on him; Eld. Jno. Ford moderator 
for that day and E. M. Campbell clerk pro tern. On June i, 
1862, Eld. Wm. H. Gate was called to the pastorate. In Au- 
gust, 1864, Eld. Justice was again chosen pastor for one 
3'ear. A brother Morgan was excluded for being in sympa- 
thy with secessionists. 

In April, 1866, Eld. Justice was invited to the care of 
the church the remainder of this year, but Eld. Geo. Long 
was elected in May following, and brethren E. S. Rook, 
Martin Holder, J. V, Grisham and A. W. Pickett were ap- 
pointed to wait on him. Elected Eld, Jas. Kennon in May, 
1867, as pastor, and A. W.' Pickett and T. C. Kerby ap- 
pointed to wait on him. The minutes are continued no fur- 
ther than November, 1867. There is no data concerning this 
church at hand. We find on looking over the record some 
names that call up sacred memories, such as Giles Rector, 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I25 

Elizabeth Rector and Rhoda Jane Rector, who were received 
as members by letter, and in June, 1855, Elizabeth Ethridge, 
Geo. Ward and Prucia, his wife, and Cordelia Ethridge were 
received by letter, and on the same day Jacob and Jacob P. 
and Susanna and Rhoda Rector were dismissed by letter. 

NEW HOPE, 

Dallas county, Missouri, was organized at a point seven 
miles north of Buffalo September 19, 1857, with the follow- 
ing constituent members, viz: 

Drury Cook, Isabel Cook, h's wife, P. D. Watson, G. W. Har- 
ris, Wm. Wright, Elizabeth Southard, Nancy McPheeters, Wm. 
Kee, Adam StambaiTgh, Mary Stambaug-h. 

The presbytery was Eld. G. B. Mitchell and Eld. John 

Burnes. The first pastor was Eld. Greenberry Mitchell, who 

continued as such vintil March 17, 1861, and was succeeded by 

Eld. John W. Williams, who was elected January, 1863, and 

remained in office until November 33, 1S63. The civil war 

intervening, there was no church service until November, 

1865, when Eld. Pleasant R. Manes was elected and served 

until March, 1866. 

The church called Eld. C. L. Alexander May 30, 1866, and held 
office until March, 1868, when the name of Eld. Wm. Goodwin ap- 
pears as moderator. He occupied the pulpit for several months. 
In March, 1870, Eld. C. L. Alexander resigned, having been sick 
several months. At the time of his resignation Eld. J. W. Fitch 
was chosen and labored until July 16, 1870, when Eld. Jehu Rob- 
inson was chosen to fill the office, who continued as such until 
September, 1871. Eld. W. C. Edwards was elected on that date 
and continued in office up to August, 1872. Re-elected and served 
till August, 1873. In September, 1873, Eld. G. B. Mitchell was 
chosen pastor and ruled in Israel till September, 1877. At this 
time Eld. W. W. Palmer succeeded and was pastor up to Novem- 
ber, 1880. Eld. C. L. Alexander was elected, but attended only a 
short time. Eld. W. E. Spear was chosen December, 1881, and 



Ii6 HISTORY OF POLK COUA^TY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

stayed with the church to Aug-ust, 1883. Tn November. 1882, Eld. 
D. R. Jones was elected to office and continued to July, 1884. Up 
to February, 188.5, no pastor's name occurs; but at this time Eld. 
J. H. Stinecipher is chosen and retained up to July, 1887, his 
resig-nation was accepted. At this time Eld. J. H. Smith was 
elected and served till September, 1888, and was succeeded at this 
time by Eld. David Hitson, who occupied the pulpit until 1892, in 
August. At this time Eld. VV. F. Wisdom was chosen, and event- 
ually succeeded by Eld. David Hitson July, 1893. This pastorate 
was followed by that of Eld. N. J. Stinecipher, who was elected 
January 5, 189.5, and is at the present date (May, 1895) the reign- 
ing bishop of New Hope church. 

Of the numbers in the first organization only two re- 
main ; they are faithful sentinels at the post. They are 
brother P. D. Watson and sister Elizabeth Southard. The 
summons will reach them bye and bye, and they will gladly 
respond: "We come! We come! Our work on earth is 
done," 

HOPEWELL CHURCH 

was organized at a point on the Buffalo and Linn Creek road 
one mile north of the village of Tunis, on November 9, 1S94, 
the presbytery consisting of Elders N. J. Stinecipher, mis- 
sionary of Dallas county, W. E. Hoover, of Mt. Pleasant 
church and J. S. Mustain, of New Liberty church. The 
constituent members were brethren M. F. Scott, Richard 
Fowler, Robert Barnhaut, Walter Barnhart and sisters Re- 
becca Scott, Eliza Barnhart, Mary A. Oliver and Eliza- 
beth Adams. The pastor (1S95) is Eld. M. L. Atchley. 

PLEASANT RIDGE, 

in Dallas county, is located three miles east of Urbana and 
w^as organized under the name of Union, April 4, 1889, and 
at that time was five miles north and east of Louisburg, 
the presbytery consisting of Elders N. J. Stinecipher and 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



127 



M F. Bartlett and brother W. S. Lindsey of Louisburg. 
Ihe members in the organization were: 

Brethren Wm. Qnisenberry, Wm. J. Bartlett, Wm Bole. 
J^ R._ Harmon, Clarence Hyde, and sisters Minerva QuiTenberrv 
Melvina Quisenberry, Sarah Boles. Nancy Boles EstPDrB 7 
Mary M. Harmon and Tennessee Bartlett °'''' 

Eld. N J. Stinecipher was elected missionary pastor 
m.d served till October, 18S9, was re-elected and served till 

until October, 1S93, and was followed by Eld. Wm F 
Wisdom one year. The present pastor is Eld. B. F Pari 
kei (ib95). A new house was built in the fall of 1804 at 
the present location, and the name was changed at that time 
f.o,. Umon to Pleasant Ridge. The present membership 

LOUISBURG CHURCH 

was organized Auo-ust 75 tS"^9 ;„ rw ,, 

from R„ff,l u u ^' ' ^ '=" ''"""'J'' "O^thwest 

f.om Buffalo Presbytery, Elds. J. H. Stinecipher, G. M. 

Alexander and N. J Stinecipher with deacons E. Lindsey, 

.ste.s MA. Lmdsey, Mary A. Hogg, H. B. Hays, M. T. 
L,ndsey Margaret Berger, Josephine Hvde, M. C Kan- 
Nelhe L,ndsey. Three were received by relation, by ex^ 
per,ence and baptism, „, by letter, x. At the October Let- 
mg follow,ng. Eld. N. J. Stinecipher was chosen pastor and 
C. O. Gammon, clerk. N. J. Stinecipher continued the 
pasto,-ate nntd September, ,891, when Eld. David Hitson 
was chosen and continued about two years when Eld D P 
Brockus was elected and is at present the pastor (tSoc)' 

July, ib92. The present membership, S6. David Mitchell 



I2S HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

succeeded CO. Gammon as clerk, September, 1S94, and 
retains the office at the present time (1S95). 

MACEDONIA. 

Buffalo, or Macedonia, Baptist church was organized at 
Buffalo, Dallas county, Missouri, December iS, 1S48. The 
presbytery was Eld. F. J. Oliver and Eld. Z, W. McDaniel. 
The church continued its meetings until the year 1S55, when 
it was moved from Buffalo to a point about three miles south, 
where a house of worship was built. Here the church con- 
tinued and prospered until about July, 1S63, the cruel war 
came on and closed its labors, until the year 1866 it was re- 
organized with the name Macedonia, the presbytery Elds. C. 
L. Alexander and H. Elliott. The church continued its la- 
bors at this point up to the year 1869, when it again moved 
about a mile and a half southwest of the old site, on the 
Buffalo and Springfield road. Here a new house was built. 
The present membership (1895) is 117. The pastors from 
first organization were as follows : 

F. J. Oliver, 1848; W. B. Senter, 1851; T. Pitts, 1852; G. B. 
Mitchell, 1854; W. B. Spillman, 1856; J. W. Williams, 1860; L. A. 
Smith, 1866; J. W. Fitch, 1868; Geo. Suiter, 1871; J. R. Callaway, 
1878: G. W. Kelley, 1879; W. W. Palmer, 1881; D. P. Brockus, 1883; 
D. R. Jones, 1886; David Hitson, 1887; J. H. Stinecipher, 1891; 
David Hitson. 1893 to the present, 1895. 



BOOK III. 



BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW. 



BRAXTON M CORD ROBERTS. 



w" F^ 



Eld. Braxton McCord Roberts was 
born March 28, iSio, in Wilkesboro, 
North Carolina. His youth was passed 
upon a farm. At about 18 he was con- 
verted and baptised. In the anti-mission 
controversy of 1S33, his church opposed 
missions, on which account he joined the 
Methodists. Shortly after, he became a 
preacher, and for ten years preached in 
South Carolina. He was then transferred 
B. McCoRD Roberts, to the Missouri Conference, and became 
a very popular preacher in that connection. In 1852 he left 
the Methodists and united with the Baptists, and up to his 
death he was the most aggressive Baptist minister in the 
Southwest. 

Though not a debater, he handled doctrinal subjects 
powerfully. His courtesy toward those who differed from 
him gave him peculiar power over them. Think of him ! 




130 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

A man six feet two inches, straight as an arrow, black hair, 
fair complexion, with eyes that seemed to shine as lights, a 
voice that rang clear as a bell and melodious as a flute, a flow 
of language equalling a Webster, the logic of a Bacon, and 
the sauvity of a Chesterfield. Such a man was B. McCord 
Roberts in his prime. He was the Atlas of the Baptist 
cause in Southwest Missouri. The atonement and the resur- 
rection were two themes often discussed with pathos by him. 
Though not classical, yet Bro. Roberts was scholarly. He 
mastered the English tongue by earnest toil, As a metaphy- 
sician he had no superior, having made the human mind a 
life-long study. For some years he was a physician. An 
unflinching friend of education, the last speech he made in 
his association was for Southwest Baptist college. He died 
April iS, 1SS3, and sleeps in Robinson Cemetery, ten miles 
south of Springfield, greatly lamented. 

Many will read the brief history of Eld. Roberts, and 
will come to the last line with a painful feeling that but little 
has been said that might or should have been said. But it is 
found that statistics are not easily acquired, and we must be 
contented with a bare mention, when the conviction is that 
volumes might be written. 

A great light has gone, 

Life's struggles are o'er, 
The hero would beckon us on, 

To pleasures evermore. 

ELIJAH WILLIAMS. 

Elijah Williams was born in Jefferson county, Tennes- 
see, and in an early day moved to Missouri with his father. 
He was associated with the earliest ministers in the south- 
west, and assisted Eld. T. J. Kelley in organizing Sac River 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



131 



association. He was a schoolmate of Eld. D. R. Murphy in 
Tennessee, and operated in the same field in Southwest Mis- 
souri as an efficient minister of the gospel. His body lies 
entombed in the cemetery five miles west of Bolivar, in Polk 
county, Missouri. His sons, Thomas and Alvin, are living 
in the neighborhood, honorable and upright citizens. Two 
of his daughters, Mrs. S. R. Roberts and Mrs. Devin, are 
living near, and can tell of the pioneer work of their vener- 
ated father. The self-sacrificing spirit and hoi}- zeal of these 
consecrated ministers can never be fully illustrated on the 
printed page. 

ELD. D. R. MURPHY. 



?;i^^ 







D. K. Murphy. 



Eld. D. R. Murphy was born in Jef- 
ferson county, Tennessee, November 24, 
1802. His father, Wm. Murphy, was a 
soldier in the revolutionary war and 
nephew of " Murphy Boys," Joseph and 
William, who attained such great notori- 
w» ety as ministers in the struggles of the 
early Virginia Baptists. In early life D. 
R. Murphy was surrounded by wicked as- 
sociates and customs, such as drinking, dancing and card- 
playing, in which he became for a time a willing participant, 
but under the power of divine truth he was converted in his 
twentieth year and united with the Mill Spring church Sep- 
tember 3, 1S32. While under conviction, he says of him- 
self: "I retired to the lonely grove between sunset and 
dark, and while prostrate on my guilty breast, pleading with 
the Lord for the salvation of my soul, I saw that my con- 
demnation was just, and thought surely hell was my doom. 
I resolved to resign myself to the will of God without re- 



132 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

serve. This done, ere I was aware, I felt something with the 
speed of lightning, as it were, flash over me ; my feelings 
were strange indeed, all was peace, and while I mused the 
fire of God's eternal love kindled within me, and I leaped 
from the earth joyful and happy." 

In 1S34 he was ordained to the gospel ministry and 
spent five years preaching in his native state. Having heard 
of the vast destitution in the great southwest, he removed to 
Polk county, Missouri, in 1S39. At that time the people of 
this section of the country lived mostly in small log cabins 
with puncheon floors, a door in one side and a wooden 
chimney. In rnany places it was a distance of from five to 
ten miles between residences. Under these circumstances 
Eld. Murphy commenced his labors to help build up the Bap- 
tist interest in Missouri. He travelled many lonely hours by 
day and by night. On one occasion he came near losing his 
life. In attempting to cross a prairie one cold, cloudy, win- 
ter night, he lost his way and wandered for houi"S, suffering 
intensely — in fact, came near freezing to death. At length, 
almost ready to give up, he concluded to try hallooing at the 
top of his voice, which aroused some dogs in the distance. 
He ran as fast as he could, guided by the barking of the dogs, 
his horse trotting after him, finally reached the house and was 
cared for by strangers. 

Eld. Murphy was active in building up the waste places 
in the field of his voluntary labors. In all he aided in the 
the organization of 25 or 30 churches in the bounds of Free- 
dom and adjoining associations, and baptized, during his min- 
istry in the state, some 3000 persons. For thirty-five years 
he was one of the standard-bearers in the Baptist pulpit in 
the southwestern part of the state. In an early day, when 
he was in his prime, protracted meetings, which very gener- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I33 

ally took the form of camp-meetings, were common in his 
field of labor, and his efforts were in demand in these ineet- 
ings, and generally became vei*y successful. Commencing 
in 1840, no man did more in his day to build up the Baptist 
cause in that great southwestern field than Eld. D. R. Mur- 
phy. His first marriage was with Miss, Lucy L. Carter in 
1822, who bore him six sons and four daughters. The last 
seven years of her life she was a cripple, unable to walk. 
During the most of this period, for five years of the time 
carrying his invalid wife in his arms to and fro from the car- 
riage, while traveling over a large extent of country preach- 
ing the gospel. Thus were his labors continued under the 
most adverse circumstances ; but he counted not his life dear 
unto himself, considering Him faithful who had promised. 
From 1852 to 1855 he was employed by the American Bap- 
tist Publication Society as colporteur, and for short periods 
he acted as missionary for his association. His average 
yearly salary for 18 years was $181. His second wife was 
Mrs. L. A. Allen, of Cedar county, whom he married in 
1853. She survives him and furnishes the following account 
of his death, which occured at his home at Humansville, Au- 
gust 28, 1875. "My husband's death was a most trium- 
phant one. He suffered intensely for four months, but was 
patient and meek. Eight physicians were called to his bed- 
side, but his case baffled the skill of all of them. The last 
song he sung was, "lam going home to die no more," when 
he reached forth his lean, trembling hand, bid adieu to all 
who were present, and praised God for redeeming love. 
Thus he died in the 73rd year of his life, an ear of corn fully 
ripe." His eldest daughter, Sarah, married N. M. Jones, 
October 24, 1846, in Greene county. Eight children were 
given to them, viz: Daniel Richard, born September 22, 



134 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

1847,; Jas. B., born July 20, i<S49; Jno. H., born April 4, 
1S53; Lucy Ann, born September 20, 1S53; Mary, born 
October 31, 1855; Laura, born March 6, 1862, Austin, born 
July 24, 1865; Sarah, born October 23, 1867. All dead but 
four, viz: Daniel R., Jas. B., Laura and Austin. Sarah, 
the mother, was converted at home, while the father was 
reading, in family worship '''^O that my head were waters 
etc," Jer. 9:1. 

ELD. GEORGE MITCHELL. 

Eld. George Mitchell was born in Yorkshire, England, 
September 6, 1820. Educated at Horton Baptist Theolog- 
ical College, entering at the age of 22 years. He afterward 
spent one year at Edinburg, Scotland, in preparation for the 
foreign field, but on his return to England was installed pas- 
tor of the first Baptist church at Horsforth, July, 1847. The 
young pastor entered upon his charge with all the earnestness 
of his great heart. In the following October he was united 
in marriage with Miss Mary Armitage, daughter of Mr. 
Samuel Armitage, of Bradford. 

At Horsforth Eld. Mitchell labored for five years, w'hen 
he received a unanimous call from the church at Irwell Ter- 
race Chapel, Bacup. After continuing here for three years 
he determined to quit his native land and sail for the new 
world. Early in the spring of 1855 he left Liverpool, and 
after a pleasant voyage of thirty-three days he landed with 
his family in Philadelphia. Immediately upon his arrival in 
America he was settled as pastor of the First Baptist church 
at Beverly, New Jersey. He continued three years at Bev- 
erly, when he was called to the pastorate of the Fourth Bap- 
tist church, St. Louis, Mo. When this church called him 
there were but thirty members. In less than two years the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 135 

membership increased four-fold, numbering one hundred and 
twenty souls. A beautiful house of worship was erected. 
On the ist day of May, 1859, he preached the dedicatory 
sermon of the Fourth Baptist church. 

In the spring of i860 he came to Miller county, Mis- 
souri, bv direction of the home mission board. He was sent 
not only to instruct the people, but also to teach such of the 
ministry as might desire his instructions. Soon the civil war 
broke out and blighted all his prospects. December 3, i860, 
the church at Lebanon, Mo., extended to him a call, which 
he accepted, and removed his family thither. But little could 
be accomplished when the domestic retreat was violated, and 
when even the house of God was no longer a sanctuary. 
Having previously studied medicine, he went to the suffering 
and dying, ever carrying the blessed gospel of the Son of 
God. Toward the close of the war he went to Jefferson 
City to take charge of the hospital there. 

When the war closed he returned to southwest Missouri 
and began a great work in re-organizing the churches, espe- 
cially in the towns. In this respect his labors were greatly 
blessed. He was pastor of several different churches. In 
January, 1874, he resigned the pastorate of the church at 
Bolivar and went to California. In July of the same year 
he went to Hiawatha, Kansas. He preached for the 
church at this place for about two years. His labors 
seem to have been greatly blessed. The house was 
repaired, a large increase was made and a general interest 
in the advancement of Christ's kingdom showed itself. 
This, I believe, was about his last pastorate. He was after- 
ward called to the Carrollton church, but on account of a 
stroke of paralysis could not accept. He has written in his 
diary of 1876: "This year has been a year of severe 



136 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

trial to me. Paralysis has severely threatened me, and with 
that a severe pain in my left lung. It is with great diffiiculty 
that I read a chapter, pray, or preach. If the Lord has de- 
signed to remove me by this sickness, the Lord's will be 
done." He died May 27, 1879, at four o'clock p. M, His 
departure was calm and serene. He has gone ; but yet he 
liveth. His works do follow him. 

ELD. WM. TATUM. 

Eld. Wm. Tatum was born in Guilford county. North 
Carolina, September 24, 17S3. Professed religion in 1805. 
Soon after commenced preaching in his native state. Moved 
to Logan county, Kentucky, six miles north of Russelville. 
Here he raised a family of thirteen children, having married 
before he left North Carolina. In 1837 he moved to Greene 
county, Missouri, and soon after organized Mt. Pleasant 
church. He was an able minister, a self-made as well as 
self-sacrificing man. When he was too old and infirm to 
preach he would spend most of his time in meditation, read- 
ing and prayer. He died in hope of a blessed immortality 
January 26, 1856. His father was a Baptist minister. He 
has two sons who are Baptist ministers. 

ELD. HENRY AKARD. 

Eld. Henry Akard w^as born in Tennessee August 13, 
18 1 3. He was converted and baptized under the ministry of 
Eld. D. R. Murphy. He was married in September, 1833, 
to Miss Lavinia Jones, and in the same year moved to Polk 
county, Missouri. He was a yoke-fellow with such laborers 
as Williams, Murphy, Roberts and others of an early day. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



137 











ELD. WM. B. SENTER. 

Ekl. Wm. B. Senter was born in 
Greene county, Tennessee, October 4, 
18 1 2. He moved with his parents to 
Madison county, Tennessee. He was 
married to Miss Eleanor A. Weir, June 
19, 1834, who was born August 12, 1815. 
He made a profession of re'igion soon 
^'^*^'sf|*W^'' after his marriage. He and his wife 
^ \ M // joined the church at Cool Spring (Baptist) 
in Madison county, Tennessee. His 
father and mother were members of the so-called Primitive 
Baptists. Wm. B. Senter emigrated to Polk county, Mis- 
souri, with his family, in the spring of 1841, and settled on a 
farm, improving it with his own labor. He united with the 
church at Coon Creek, St. Clair county, Missouri. He 
was ordained by Elds. D. R. Murphy and W. Ashworth 
and was elected pastor of Coon Creek church in 1849. He 
was also elected pastor at Alder, in Cedar county. In 1S50 
he was elected pastor of the church at Buffalo, Dallas county, 
Missouri. He frequently had the care of three and four 
churches, each contributing from $2 to $30 a year. He 
would hold a camp meeting, or protracted effort in the fall 
at each church. He labored on the farm for a support, and 
studied at night to prepare his sermons for Saturday and 
Sunday. These items were furnished by his eldest daughter, 
Mrs. Harriet L. Younger, of Cedar county, Missouri. 

Here follows a memoir of Eld. Senter by a different 
hand. There is no conflict in the statements, only as to the 
place where he first joined the church. This discrepancy 
may be easily reconciled when his friends have compared 
notes. The memoir is as follows: 



1 38 HISTORY OK POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

William Butler Senter was born in Greene county, Ten- 
nessee, October 4, iSi3. Some time in his youth, it is not 
known at precisely what age, he professed conversion at a re- 
vival meeting held at Bethlehem church, in Henderson county, 
West Tennessee. He afterward joined the Cotton Grove 
Baptist church in Madison county, West Tennessee. He 
was baptized by his brother, Jas. C. Senter. In Tennessee 
he married his fir^^t wife, Miss Eleanor A. Weir, with whom 
he lived happily until her death, July 31, 1863. 

He moved to St. Clair county, Missouri, in 1841, and 
united with the Baptist church at Coon Creek. He was li- 
censed to preach in 1842, and ordained to the full work of 
the ministry in 1843, by a presbytery consisting of Elds. D. 
R. Murphy and W. Ashworth. In the year 1845 he moved 
to Polk county, Missouri, where he lived until the winter of 
186 1. During all these years he was a faithful, zealous 
worker for the Master. He travelled as missionary in 1S50, 
by appointment from the Liberty association. Excepting 
this period of missionary work, he was pastor of three to 
four churches during his stay in Missouri. He was greatly 
beloved by his brethren, and was highly esteemed by all the 
people wherever he was known. 

In the year 1861, when the war cloud swept down over 
our land, he left the home of his adoption and sought another 
near Alvarado, Johnson county, Texas. Here, as before 
stated, he lost his wife in 1S63. In 1865 he married his 
second wife, Mrs. H. J. Kelly, whom he also survived by a 
few months. On reaching Texas he united with the Baptist 
church at Alvarado, in which, excepting an interval of one 
year, he remained until his death. 

He devoted himself assiduously to preaching the gospel 
to destitute places, and to weak and struggling churches, for 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I39 

which he received a very meager compensation. He w^as 
eminently successful in building up the churches. He usually 
had three or four churches in charge, preaching almost every 
Saturday and Sunday. Here, by hjs uprightness and hum- 
ble. Christian walk, he gained the esteem of all who knew 
him. His life was exemplary, and his adherence to the Bible 
uncompromising. He was pastor of the church at Alvarado 
until declining health compelled him to resign. But after he 
had given up the pastorate of churches he often preached 
with gi-eat power whenever an opportunity was afforded. 
He was a good revivalist, and often took part in revival 
meetings when he could no longer preach regularly. 

He was not a man of classic education, but his mind was 
well stored, and by industry and hard study he had gained a 
prominent place among his brethren. Several times he pre- 
sided as moderator of Alvarado association with marked 
ability. His eventful and successful life closed in triumph. 
He died November 29, 18S3. During a lingering sickness 
of five months, he manifested the greatest patience and 
Christian resignation. Though suffering intensely, his eyes 
would often fill with tears of gratitude, and he would say: 
"God is still with me! I cannot fully enough appreciate and 
thank Him for His goodness to me. I am on the Delectable 
mountains, looking upon the beautiful landscape beyond!" 
Thus, with expressions like these upon his lips, passed away 
this faithful servant of God, leaving his name embalmed in 
the memory of all who knew him. He raised a family of 
seven daughters, two of whom are in JVIissorui and the other 
five are in Texas. 

Now follows another memorial written by a third person, 
gathered no doubt from Eld. Senter in his last hours. "I 
often review the days I spent in Missouri and hope they were 



140 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

not spent in vain. The 13 years I preached to the church at 
Brush Grove I hope some of my labor is gone to glory. 
I served the church at Mt, Zion nine years, in which time I 
believe under God i was instrumental in building up my 
Master's cause at that place. And at Humansville where I 
labored for seven years I believe it was not in vain. And at 
Bolivar, that brick wall that now stands there, is a visible 
monument of that church that I constituted at that place, and 
whatever good I may have done, to God be all the glory now 
and forever. I served the church at Buffalo, in Dallas, 
county, Missouri, one year, and one year at Alder, in Cedar 
county, Missouri." The last few days he lived, when his 
family and friends would go to his bedside, he would look up 
and say: "I am here yet, just waiting the Lord's will. I 
am ready to go at any time. Weep not for me, my work is 
finished." He was buried with the honors of Masonry. 

His children were, by the first wife, Harriet J. Younger, 
born in Madison county, Tennessee, May 13, 1835; Marion, 
born in Madison county, Tennessee, October 14, 1S37; Kath- 
arine ( Watkins), born in Madison county, Tennessee, Novem- 
ber 5, 1S39; Martha (Keirsey), born in St. Clair county, Mis- 
souri, August I, 1843; Ann Kelley, born in Polk county, 
Missouri, January 8, 1845; Wm. H. Senter, born in Polk 
county, Missouri, February 27, 1853, died A.pril 4, 1859. 
Second wife, H. J. Kelley, was married to W. B. Senter in 
Dallas county, Texas, April 25, 1865. Three daughters 
were born to them as follows: Addie (Porter), born Feb- 
ruary 4, 1S66; Fannie (Howington) born August 12, 1S69; 
Eleanor, born April 15, 1S70. Mrs. H. J., the second wife, 
died February 19, 1S83. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I4I 

ELD. JEHU ROBINSON. 

Eld. Jehu Robinson was born in Washington county, 
Indiana, February 26, 1820, and moved with his parents to 
Henry county, Missouri, in 1S40. "The wilds of Southwest 
Missouri in 1840 were beyond description. Whiskey drink- 
ing and the desecration of the Sabbath were the common- 
place things then. So I was raised without an education, ex- 
cept that of my mother. Gone through the world, thus far, 
suffering for an education, as a starving man suffers for 
bread. I was united in marriage with Miss Mary Jane Renfro, 
near Leesville, Henry county, Missouri, May 16, 1844. 
Raised seven children, six of whom are still living. One son, 
Charles T., now of Bolivar, Mo. Some three years after 
marriage my wife and I were baptized upon a profession of 
our faith in Christ by Eld. Daniel Briggs into the fellowship 
of Tebo Baptist church, Henry county, Missouri. Soon af- 
ter I commenced trying to preach, and for some years I tried 
harder to quit than I did to preach. I then tried to love the 
work. This point gained, I was happy in the work, and 
prosperity attended it. In May, 1858, I moved to Spring- 
field, Greene county, worked very hard and gained property 
very fast. In the spring of 1S60 I bought a farm on James 
foi-k of White river, and moved onto it. Preached for the 
church on my place. Run the farm and practiced medicine 
for the community. Had the happiest home and church I 
ever had in life." 

"In 1861 the war broke out, and in one year $12,000 
would not have covered our losses. In Jul}/, 1863, we moved 
to Cooper county, Missouri. There I preached, farmed and 
practiced medicine with great success every way. In 1867 the 
executive board of the general association appointed me their 
missionary for Southwest Missouri. I labored for that board 



14^ HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO:??. 

twelve years. One year I baptized 303 persons into the fel- 
lowship of the churches of Southwest Missouri. Up to the 
present time 1 have baptized 3,500 persons. I have witnessed 
some 3,000 professions of faith in Christ. I have baptized 
over one hundred Pedos and Campbellites and five Catholics. 
I am doing less work this 3'ear than any year of my life. I 
have organized quite a number of churches in the state, aided 
in the ordination of some ten or twelve brethren to the min- 
istry." 

"In 1S7S I met with Eld. J. R. Maupin in Southwest 
Missouri, and in the woods, on our knees, in prayer to Al- 
mighty God for guidance, we commenced work for South- 
west Baptist college, it was opened in September, 1S7S, in 
Lebanon, Mo. Then in the spring of 1S79 it was located in 
Bolivar, Polk count)^, Missouri, by a board of trustees. I 
was president of the board of trustees for two years. Was 
also appointed financial agent of the college and superintend- 
ent of the building, and no man knows, and no man ever 
will know what I went through in that work. The very hard 
work my wife went through broke her dov\ai, and November 
13, iSSi, she died at our home in Sentinel Prairie, and was 
buried in the cemetery at Bolivar. There and then was 
buried my heart's delight and hope of a happy life. I have 
been, am now, and will be an unhappy man while life lasts. 
She was my heart's delight. For her I toiled. The very 
thought of her sweetened all my toils and trials. All were 
made easy by her, and for her. Hence all that is buried 
with her." 

•'June 3, 18S3, I was married to Mrs. Matilda Ball, of 
Morgan county, Missouri. I continued my work as mission- 
ary for the board, and as pastor of churches up to the pres- 
ent (1893). Have baptized over 400 since coming to Mor- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I43 

gan county, making full 2,500 baptized in my life work, up 
to March 23, 1893. I am now in my seventy-fourth year, so 
I feel my life work drawing to a close. I can do but little 
more, so looking over all the past, I can only say, I have 
done what I could. I would be glad to visit all the churches 
in old Polk county, and preach for them ; may God bless 
them all." 

The writer, or transcriber, of this foregoing sketch has 
been intimately associated with Eld. Jehu Robinson since the 
location of the college in Bolivar in 1879, and no man has 
made more sacrifices, or contributed more to build up our 
religious, social or educational interests than he has. No 
man has been so well qualified as he to go into the pioneer 
districts and awaken a revival spirit among the people. 

ELD. W. F. SPILLMAN. 

Eld. W. F. Spillman was born in Tennessee, March 5, 
1821. He was the son of Thos. and Frances Spillman. 
In boyhood he spent a number of years in Allen count}^, 
Kentucky, where, in 1S40, he was converted, and united 
with the Bethlehem Baptist church, and was soon after or- 
dained by Elds. Zechariah Emberson and Thos. Scribner. 
He moved to Polk county, Missouri, in 1854. He became 
a member of Mt. View church and spent several years in 
Polk and surrounding counties in faithful and efficient labors 
as a minister of the gospel. He was at the organization of 
Freedom association and was chosen missionary. It was 
said of him that he occupied the stand to preach and stood 
some time without speaking; finally, after smacking his lips 
together, he began slowly to talk. His friends, who thought 
of engaging him as missionary, were "down in the mouth," 
and were doubtful about the propriety of choosing him, but 



144 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOS", 

as he proceeded and began to warm up on his subject they 
were convinced "that he would do." 

A part of a letter from some one in Collin county^ 
Texas, written September i, 1869, is before me, giving an 
account of the manner of his death. "Your letter of inquiry- 
has come to hand. I will answer it as far as I am able. I 
attended on him in his sickness, was with him when he died. 
He was sick five or six weeks. The first part of his sickness 
was fever brought about by getting overheated. He went 
out with the army and was in what was called the Farming- 
ton fight east of Corinth. The day was very hot and the 
soldiers had to wade water and mud, also had to pass through 
dense undergrowth, which caused it to be very sultry. 

Mr. Spillman was taken sick in a day or two afterward 
and remained sick until he died. When the army vacated 
Corinth I was detailed as his nurse. Was sent to Okalona 
hospital. When we arrived all the wards of the hospital 
were full. I stretched a blanket in as cool a place as possi- 
ble and placed Mr. Spillman under it. He was unable to 
walk, had to be carried. I obtained some cool water. He 
seemed to be easy and in his right mind, talked freely, asked 
me if he had been troublesome to wait on, and seemed to be 
more lively. Weather very hot. I was fanning him. A 
gentleman.came along and asked me whom I was fanning. I 
told him it was Mr. Spillman, a Baptist minister from Mis- 
souri. The gentleman's name was Goodnight, of Kentucky, 
also a Baptist minister. He and Mr. Spillman were old ac- 
quaintances. They knew each other. They talked together 
some time. I then asked Mr. Goodnight if he had any idea 
where I could get Mr. Spillman in a hospital. He told me 
he thought he could, and v\'ent himself and got a bunk in 
ward No. 24, and assisted me in getting Mr. Spillman to the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I45 

hospital and called to see me afterward. Mr. Spilhnan was 
in his right mind, only when the fever was high or under the 
influence of medicine. He had no fear of death ; was will- 
ing to go at God's call ; spoke of his family often ; said he 
wanted to see his dear wife and children, but said that cir- 
cumstances forbid his seeing them ; seemed to regret the con- 
dition of his family, but said that he would leave them in 
the hands of a merciful God ; hoped that his son would live 
to get home and raise his family; had no fears as to his ac- 
ceptance with his heavenly Father. The doctors kept him 
stimulated with wine, so at times he was not in his right 
mind. He lay in the hospital ten days before he died. I 
was by the side of his bunk all the time. He died calmly 
and without a struggle. If ever I stood by the bedside of a 
good man and saw him expire, it was brother Spillman. I 
am satisfied that your loss is his gain. His walks in the army 
were such as to convince every one that he was a man of 
God and that he loved God's people. He preached for us 
at Rienzi not long before he was taken" — Here the narrative 
closes and we have no clue to the last word, or the writer. 
We have enough, however to assure us of the sterling worth 
of the man. Impressed as he was with the spirit of his 
Master, he could be none other than a brave soldier, whether 
in defense of his country or his religion. 



146 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTV BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 




ELD. ISAAC INGRAM. 

Eld. Isaac Ingram was born November 
29, 1S35, in Pulaski county, Kentucky. 
"My parents were Methodists. I was 
christened in infancy. Aiy parents moved 
^ to Illinois in 1835 and in 1S37 moved to 
Polk county, Missouri, where they re- 
sided until removed by death. (Father 
// lived to the 90th year or over.) Here 
/ they joined the M. E. church. I of 
Isaac Ingram. course was a member and remained so 
until I professed faith in Christ. Soon afterward joined the 
Enon Baptist church, Polk county, Missouri. Licensed to 
preach in 1S57 and was ordained in 1S5S, the presbytery con- 
sisting of Elds. T. J Kelley and W. B. Senter, and in the 
spring of the same year was called to the care of Providence 
church, also of Hopewell church in Freedom association, and 
in the fall of 1859, at Freedom association, was elected 
missionary for one year. Then at the next association was 
reappointed for another year. 

Then the war came on and I moved to Morgan county, 
Missouri. Was called to the care of three churches. Re- 
turned to Polk county, February, 1S66, and in 1867 accepted 
care of Slagle Creek church and Mt. Olive, in Dallas county, 
and in 186S called again at Mt. Olive. In March, 1867, 
called to the care of Slagle Creek church, served one year 
and resigned on being appointed missionary by the general 
association for Southwest Missouri. Labored two years, at 
the close of which I went into pastoral work again and con- 
tinued until my health failed me, and compelled me to aban- 
don that kind of work. I am now trying to do something in 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 147 

the Sabbath school for Jesus. My last pastorate was at 
Enon, where I first became a Baptist and was ordained to 
the nninistry." 

The foregoing sketch was written by the elder himself. 
I hope he will pardon me if I subjoin an item or two. I 
formed the acquaintance of this good brother in 1S79. ^^ 
was the oldest of three of his brothers who were Baptist 
preachers. I had previously learned to know his brother 
Charles, who labored with me in the same association in Cedar 
county. Both these brethren were brought up without any 
education, except what they picked up as best they could by 
observation. But such v/as their assiduous application, 
coupled with good judgment, that they became leaders in 
their several fields of labor. They were engaged in many a 
theological combat, in which, according to current rumor, 
they came off victorious. I was present at one of the con- 
tests, in which Eld. Chas. Ingram was pitted against an Ad- 
ventist. The latter displayed considerable learning and was 
provided with maps and pictures of dragons and prophetic 
symbols. Eld. Charles appeared to be rather weak, so much 
so that his friends rallied around him and suggested some 
points that they thought would be helpful. But the elder 
waited until the Adventist had spent all his material, and 
then such an array of solid scripture, piled up and poured 
down upon the devoted head of the learned Dutchman as 
effectually drove him to the wall. Adventism was from that 
day on below par in that neighborhood. Eld. Isaac was 
engaged with a noted Campbellite named Bills. They met 
several times. The time was again set, but Bills failed to 
come to time, and there has been a reign of quiet for years. 
The elder is still living near Slagle in Polk county. 
Though quite feeble, he still manages his farm and attends 



I4S HISTORY OF POLK COUNTT BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

the meetings of his church and Sunday school. He is a 
man of decided convictions, and having talcen his position, 
nothing can swerve him from his position, unless by the most 
palpable evidence. And his strenuous adherence will some- 
times take on the appearance of obstinacy. He and his 
brother Charles have both been members of the board of 
trustees of Southwest Baptist college in Bolivar. Charles 
has passed beyond to the land where there is no weeping. 

Isaac is meekly waiting, quietly waiting, 

Expecting to hear the gracious call. 
His brother Joseph, too, has gone. Dost hear the grating, 

Nay, rather, a welcome voice, vouchsafed to all. 
Who love his appearing, we are constantly nearing 

The awards of His infinite love, in the mansions above. 

[Eld. Isaac Ingram died April iS, 1S97, since the above 
was written.] 

ELD. BURROW BUCKNER, 

Eld. Burrow Buckner was born in Lawrence district, 
South Cai'olina, in 1796. He was uncle to Eld. H. F. Buck- 
ner, missionary to the Indians. Under parental care he grew 
up a farmer's boy in East Tennessee. His education was 
limited. He was led to the cross at the age of 19 years, and 
seven years after entered the ministry, under his own appoint- 
ment, to the Cherokee Indians in northern Georgia and south- 
ern Tennessee. Here he soon gathered a church of the na- 
tives, preaching mainly at such times as the labors of the 
farm would permit him. 

He moved to Missouri in 1S40 or 1S41, occasioned by 
the emigration of the Cherokee nation from Georgia to their 
present home. For a time after he came to Missouri he held 
what was then called anti-mission views, but was convinced of 
his error, and was for some 20 years a useful minister of the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



149 



New Testament in Sac River, Liberty, Spring River and 
afterwards Union association. His forte was in exhortation, in 
which he greatly excelled. In fact, when aroused, he had few 
ecjuals. He was also regarded as an excellent disciplinarian, 
both in his family and in his churches. In this he was truly a 
bishop. 

In August, 1S61. having gone to the blacksmith shop to 
get his horse shod for the purpose of going to the association, 
he was suddenly stricken with apoplexy, and died before his 
wife could reach him. The wife of his early life, Mrs. Ma- 
tilda Buckner, survived him, and was, we think, in 1875, ^'^'" 
ing in Dade county, Missouri. 

Tradition says: "All the Buckners of the United States 
descended from three English brothers named Benjamin, 
Jesse and John, who came to America in colonial days. 
John, the middle brother, moved to Georgia in 1792. They 
were all large men, having large ears, high cheek bones, 
large blue eyes and hair black and straight. All of them be- 
came Baptists ; Benjamin was a minister, and all had large 
families." 

ELD. J. E. B. JUSTICE. 

Eld. J. E. B. Justice was born in Buncombe county, 
North Carolina, April 23, 1S17. Settled in Greene county, 
Missouri, in 1S43, two and a half miles from the city of Ash 
Grove. He has been actively engaged in the ministry in 
Greene and surrounding counties ; has been a consistent land- 
mark Baptist, endeavoring to avoid the rock of fatalism and 
the quicksands of Arminianism, He was associated with 
the prominent workers in Liberty association, as well as in 
Sac River association. His companions in religious conflict 
were such men as W. B. Senter. Elijah Williams, T. J. 
Kelley and others, and many a battle has been fought, and 



150 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

glorious victory won. We would be glad to chronicle some 
of the events of his life, but have not the facts at hand. A 
short acquaintance with Eld. Justice has impressed the writer 
with the fact that he is a zealous minister, a conscientious 
man, and an upright citizen. What a blessing it would be if 
our land was settled with people like that! 

HON. SAMUEL L. SMITH. 

Hon. Samuel L. Smith was born in Franklin county, 
Missouri, in 1S30; son of Thomas and Esther (Hutton) 
Smith, natives of Kentucky and Alabama respectively. The 
parents were married in Kentucky about 1S12, came to 
Franklin county, Missouri, in iSiS, remained there a short 
time, moved to Gasconade county, and in 1S48 came to 
Cedar county, there being but two or three settlements be- 
tween there and Fort Scott, Kansas. The country at that 
time was full of Indians, wild animals were to be found 
everywhere, and in establishing their little home in the wil- 
derness all the hardships and privations incident to pioneer 
life were experienced. 

Here the father died in 1S57 at the age of 63 years. He 
was a successful minister of the Baptist church for over forty 
years, and established many churches in Southwest Missouri. 
He was a soldier in the war of 1812. His wife died in 1863 
at the age of about seventy years. She was a member of 
the Baptist church, and was a Christian woman in the true 
sense of the term. 

Hon. Samuel L. Smith is the ninth of seven sons and 
five daughters, two sons and two daughters now living, born 
to his parents. These children are named as follows: Wm., 
Margaret, wife of James P. Caldwell, both of Cedar county; 
Polly C. wife of Clark Hardin, of Oregon, and Samuel L. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. f^l 

The last named was reared on the frontier, with but meager 
chances for an education. He emigrated with his parents to 
Cedar county, and in 1849 was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary J. Casey, a native of Virginia, and the daughter of 
Thos. and wSarah A. Casey. Mr. and Mrs. Casey were 
among the first white settlers of Cedar county, locating here 
about 1S35, and spent the remainder of their lives here. 
Mrs. Casey died in 1S37, and Mr. Casey was killed by bush- 
whackers in 1863. To Mr. and Mrs. Smith were born four 
children, two daughters now living; Emily H., wife of Wm. 
Casey, and Eliza E., wife of Prof. George M. Liston. 

Mr. Smith lived on Cedar Creek until 1853, then near 
his present farm, where he has 1,100 acres, all in one body, 
one of the best farms in the county, and with 700 acres in 
cultivation. All this is the result of industry and good man- 
agement, as he started in life a poor boy, and his first forty 
acres were entered with money earned by day labor. He is 
now one of the county's most substantial farmers and stock- 
raisers. His first tax was but two and a half cents. He was 
converted in Hopewell church on Cedar Creek, Cedar 
county, Missouri, in August, 1853. He served six years, or 
three term.s, in the Legislature, representing Cedar county, 
Missouri. His first wife died July 35, 1881. She was a 
member of the Baptist church. His second marriage took 
place in September, 1884, to Mrs. Clementine Williams, 
nee Rankins, a native of Tennessee, who came with her 
parents to Cedar county, Missouri, at an early day. Brother 
and sister Smith have been members of the Baptist church 
for many years. Brother Smith is not to say a handsome 
man, but there is in his countenance and conversation some- 
thing that strikes your attention, and you feel instinctively 
that you are in the presence of a master mind, that is no way 



152 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO:?^'. 

loth to grapple with the most important subjects. In the 
councils of the state, as also in the deliberations of Baptists 
in church work, or in the associations, his voice may be 
heard, and in every case with manifestations of profound 
respect. His heart and purse are open to the crying wants 
of church and people. 

DR. PETER B. SMITH. 

Doctor Peter B. Smith was born near Cedar Springs, in 
the north part of Cedar county, Missouri, in 1S44; son of 
Eld. Obadiah and Lucinda (Hartman) Smith, natives of 
Kentucky and North Carolina respectively, but early settlers 
of Howard county, Missouri. Dr. P. B. Smith was the 
third of six children born to his father's second marriage, 
and with the exception of the time between 1877 and iSSo, 
he has spent all his life in Cedar county, Missouri. He was 
married in 1S66 to Miss Mary E., daughter of John and 
Martha Eslinger, natives of Indiana and Kentucky respect- 
ively, but early settlers of Cedar county, where Mr. Eslinger 
died before the war; Mrs. Eslinger still living. Airs. Smith 
was born in Cedar county, Missouri, and, by her marriage to 
Dr. Smith, became the mother of nine children, three sons 
and four daughters now living. Dr. Smith was ordained in 
1S71. Graduated from the American Medical college, St. 
Louis, and is a leading practitioner in Cedar county. Mrs. 
Smith has been a member of the Baptist church since 1S67, 
and is an active worker in the same. 

HARDEN M. WILLIAMS. 

Harden M. Williams was born on his present farm in 
Cedar county, Missouri, November 31, 1S42; son of Robert 
and Lavica Williams. He is the fifth of four sons and two 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I53 

daughters. Those living are Francis M. of Nebraska; Fer- 
netta, wife of James M. Preston; Harden M., and J. K. P., 
all of Cedar county, Missouri. Harden M. married Miss 
Ida Sherman in 1S69. She was born in Cass county, Mis- 
souri, in 1S53, and is the daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Sherman, natives of Vermont and Ohio, respectively. Mr. 
and Mrs. Sherman were married in Ohio and came to Cedar 
county a few years previous to the war. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Williams were born four children. Three sons living, J. 
Robert, Oscar E. and Freddie M. He and wife are mem- 
bers of the Baptist church, in good standing for more than 
twenty years. He was converted in time of the war in 
Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1863. 

J. K. p. WILLIAMS. 

J. K. P. Williams, youngest brother of H. M., was 
born in Cedar county, Missouri, in 1S45. Joined the Bap- 
tist church in 1S66. Was married in 1874 to Miss Martha 
Ann Metcalf, daughter of Eld. Jno. T. and Susan C. Met- 
calf, natives of Virginia. Eld. and Mrs. Metcalf were 
married in Chariton county, Missouri. Eld. Metcalf is 
deceased. He has been a successful minister for many years. 
He once represented St. Clair county in the Legislature. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Williams have been born nine children, 
three sons and one daughter living. They have been mem- 
bers of the Baptist church for a number of years, and he has 
been clerk in the same for twenty years. The writer was 
pastor of Cedar church in Cedar county, beginning service 
on Saturday, January 8, 1S76, and continuing one year. 
The Williams, Smiths and Prestons above mentioned were 
members of what was then called "Old Cedar church." 
Eld. Metcalf resigned in 1S75. Eld. Metcalf was chosen 




154 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

moderator of Antioch and Cedar County associations for a 
number of years. His son-in-law, J. K. P. Williams was 
invariably chosen clerk. 

ELD. JOSEPH R. CALLAWAY. 

Eld. Joseph R. Callaway was born 
in Knox county, Tennessee, July ii, 
iSri. Professed hope in Christ when 
about 19 years of age, and immedi- 
ately began preaching. When about 
25 years of age he married Miss Mary 
M. Wilson, who bore him four children, 
three sons and one daughter. The 
eldest was Jas. R., the second Jno. F., 
Joseph E. Callaway, the third Ben H., and the fourth Flor- 
ence, now Cunningham. Moved to Missouri in March, 
1839; settled in Polk county. Assisted in organization of a 
large number of churches, notably Freedom church, which 
was situated in Polk county, one mile south of the present site 
of Halfway. 

At that age it was not expected of preachers to make 
any charge for preaching, nor was it often thought of upon 
the part of church members, but on one occasion, at Free- 
dom church. Eld. Callaway had acquitted himself so well 
that the people gave him nearly $100. Brother S. O. Gor- 
don gave him a twenty dollar gold piece, and brother Thos. 
Higginbotham gave him $5, the first money he ever received 
for preaching. 

He was very popular in those days. He was a man of 
great strength physically as well as mentally. He was over 
six feet in height, shoulders broad and sinews well knit. At 
the house-raising, or Fourth of July festivity, he was the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 155 

acknowledged peace-maker. There was sure to be a broil 
with some unruly neighbors, who had a " fuss" to settle; but 
the "peace-maker" would boldly step between the belliger- 
ents, take them by the arm and command the peace. If they 
were still obstinate, he would give them some forcible re- 
minder that prudence was the better part of valor, and he 
was usually successful in bringing about a settlement of diffi- 
culties. 

The wife of his early youth departed this life in the year 
1 87 1, the month and day not given. After some years had 
elapsed Eld. Callaway married again, but no date is given. 
The Elder maintained unusual vigor for one of his age until 
a short time previous to his death, which event occurred 
April 2, 1 89 1. 

A brighter page and golden pen 

Will chronicle the deeds of men. 

His faith will stand while deeds of yore 

Shall perish, to be seen no more. 

THOMAS HIGGINBOTHAM. 

Thomas Higginbotham was born in Wayne county, 
Kentucky, May 14, 1822. Professed hope in Christ in his 
17th or 1 8th year. Married Miss Rachel McKinney, 
and moved to Missouri, his father-in-law also with him, and 
several others. The wagon in which the two families came, 
was drawn by two yoke of oxen, brother T. H. owning one 
yoke of oxen. Two children were born to them in Kentucky, 
Gideon H. and John J. They settled in Polk county 
Missouri, where they made a permanent home. Nine chil- 
dren were added to them in Missouri, viz: Sarah, wife of 
Eld. G. M. Botts; Reuben F. ; Polly Ann, wife of Jasper 
Vickery; two died in infancy; Joseph, Wm. W., Martin T., 
and Robert, the youngest, who died in , aged 16 years. 



156 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

At the time brother Higginbotham settled in Polk 
county, (in the spring o£ 1S45) the country was quite new, 
the farmer could get hi«i course and, with little variation, 
could go straight to mill, though many miles away. When 
meeting time cam.e, they could yoke up the oxen and go ten 
miles in good time. And in time of revivals would prepare 
rations for several days and camp at the meeting-place. 
They would turn the oxen out on the rich, high grass and 
they would fare sumptuously. Brother Higginbotham is still 
living, vigorous and healthy (June, 1S96.) He has moved 
from the farm to Bolivar and enjoys the repose so much 
sought after by the many. He is moving gracefully toward 
the sunset of life, his hands full of wealth earned by patient 
toil, economy, and wise investment of time and means. His 
children and grandchildren are settled in Polk county, except 
Reuben, who is in the state of Washington, and a grandson 
in California. He and his wife (Rachel) were constituent 
members in the organization of Freedom church in the 
autumn of 1S45. 

J. B. THURMAN. 

J. B. Thurman was born in Kentucky in 1S14, and 
about the year 1S33 came to St. Louis county, Missouri. 
Afterward came to Moniteau county, where he married Miss 
Jane Allee. He was a blacksmith by trade, but in later 
years followed farming. He moved to Miller county, then 
to Morgan county, and finally to Dade county in 1S6S, where 
he owned a good farm near Cedarville. He was a member 
of the church at Cedarville, where the writer first knew him, 
also a deacon and influential member. He moved from Ce- 
darville to the county seat, Greenfield. After a useful life 
of several years at that place he made his last move to the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 1:57 

haven of rest beyond. His death occurred January i, iSSS. 
Ten children were given to them, six sons and four daughters. 
Tw^o of his sons were distinguished physicians (Elisha and 
Logan) ; Berry G. is an attorney at law in Lamar, Mo., and 
has been state senator from the 38th district in Missouri. 
The mother yet lives in Mt. Vernon, Mo. (1S95). 

Brother Thurman was elected a trustee of Southwest 
Baptist college in 1S7S and continued in that office until 1S80. 
His name is treasured in the corner-stone of the colleg-e build- 
ing with the charter members, or first trustees. May the 
same spirit that actuated these pioneers be manifest in suc- 
ceeding generations, until other ages shall behold the fruition 
of the prayers, tears and hopes of the college builders. 

ELD. D. G. YOUNG. 

Eld. D. G. Young was born in Niagara county, New 
York, in 1S29, and is a son of Uriah and Phcebe Young. 
Left an orphan when quite a small boy, Wm. B. Young, an 
uncle, who had married a sister of Phoebe (Gregory) Young, 
took the young lad to his home. About 1836, the youth 
went to Genesee county, Michigan, and grew to manhood. 
I# 1S55 he married Miss Margaret Pratt who was born in 
Shiawassee county, Michigan, in 1831. To this union was 
born one child, Margaret, who is now the wife of Milton 
Holly of Millbrook, Michigan. After one year of married 
life Eld. Young was left a widower,, and in 1857 he engaged 
in the teacher's profession, which he continued for some 
time in Williamson county, Illinois. In 1861 he married 
Miss Amanda E. Roberts, who was born in Williamson 
county, Illinois. Nine children were the fruits of this union. 
Seven now living. Emma, John C., Wm. E., Susie, James, 
Clarence and Ida. Eld. Young was converted at the age of 



15S HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

18, and in 1S59 licensed to preach. The time of his ordina- 
tion is not given. He had four churches in charge in 
Williamson county, Illinois. Erected the Baptist church in 
Marion, Illinois, and was the pastor of that church when he 
came to Dade county, Missouri. He has had charge of 
five churches in Dade county, and organized the Baptist 
church at Greenfield. He was eight 3-ears circuit clerk and 
recorder of Dade county. He lived one and one-half miles 
north of Greenfield. He was trustee of Southwest Baptist 
college from 18S0 to 1SS3. Three of his children graduated 
in that institution, viz: Emma, who graduated in 1SS3 with 
degree of A. B., followed by A. JNI. in 1SS6. She passed 
an examination by the mission board of the Southern Baptist 
convention and was accepted as a missionary to Canton, 
China, and sailed December 7, 1SS3, on the steamship 
^'Arabic," arriving at Hong Kong January 8, 1S84. She 
had a school house built at a cost of $1300, and besides, she 
translated Bunyan's Holy War into the Cantonese vernac- 
ular. She remained at the post five years and returned. 
After her return she married Eld. Wm. S. Ayres, who is 
pastor Baptist church in Lowell, Massachusetts. John C, 
was graduated in 1887 with degree of A. B., and in the fail 
of 1SS7 he entered the Southern Baptist Theological semi- 
nary at Louisville, Kentucky. He was afterward ordained 
to the full work of the ministry at Gra3^'s Summit, Fi-anklin 
county, Missouri, the Presbytery consisting of Eld. Wm. H. 
Williams, editor of Central Baptist, and other ministers 
from St. Louis, Missouri. Wm. E., was graduated in 1889 
with degree of A. B, 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 



159 




ELD. JAMES SCHOFIELD. 

Eld. James Schofield was born in 
the state of New York June 7, 1801. 
He was reared without the advantages 
of a liberal education, though by the 
energetic application of a naturally 
strong intellect he succeeded in over- 
coming many of the difficulties grow- 
ing out of these disadvantages. He 
was ordained to the work of the min- 
istry about 1830. After laboring over 
forty years in his native state he moved 
to Illinois, settled in Kendall county 
and engaged in the ministerial office three years. Then he 
accepted an appointment from the American Baptist home 
missionary society and labored nine years in Stephenson 
county, Illinois. His labors were blessed in the conversion 
of many souls. He assisted in the organization of thirteen 
churches ; several of them he served as pastor. 

I" 1S53, with a commission from the home mission soci- 
ety, he moved to Iowa, in which state he lived 12 years He 
organized churches at Farmersburg, McGregor, Rossville, EI- 
kader, Strawberry Point, Hardin and other places. To all of 
these churches he preached more or less until he accepted an 
appomtment as chaplain in the United States armv. which posi- 
tion he held for three years. In 1867 he moved from Iowa 
to Southwest Missouri and settled in Dallas county. This 
section of country had been devastated by the ravages of 
war. There were widows and orphans and great poverty 
and destitution. Churches had been dissolved, and the field 
was one for missionary work. He gathered the people to- 



l6o HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION, 

gether in the forests, and there, with such comforts and con- 
veniences as nature may have provided, preached the gospel 
to listening souls. 

He applied himself to the work of building houses of 
worship for the people of God and such as attended worship 
with them. One of these churches perpetuates his memory 
by his name, by which the church is known and will likely 
be while time shall last. It is called Schofield Chapel. 

Since his coming to Missouri Eld. Schofield has not re- 
ceived more than fifty dollars for his ministerial services. 
Yet he is a decided advocate of ministerial support where 
the congregations are able to pay it. He is also a decided 
friend to ministerial education. He has assisted in the or- 
ganization of forty-three churches in his life work. He has 
ever been steadfast in maintaining and teaching the distinctive 
doctrines of the Baptist church, believing that New Testa- 
ment ordinances in manner and order of observance are of 
Divine authority, and that man has no right to omit or modi- 
fy them. 

Eld. Schofield is the father of eighteen children, ten 
sons and eight daughters. These were the offspring of three 
different marriages. The oldest son. Eld. J. V. Schofield, 
is well known to all readers of western Baptist periodicals. 
Major General Jno. M. Schofield, of the United States army, 
is too well known to require notice in a brief compilation like 
this. Yet his greatness as a soldier and chief captain may 
be an aggravation to him if the bitterness of his carnal nature 
is not assuaged and overcome by the love of God. We 
know not whether he is born of God or no ; but this may be 
done for him by his relatives and friends, viz: a united prayer 
to the Lord of Lords, may be made for him, that he may 
fill his post with dignity and honor, actuated, not only by 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. l6l 

love for his country, but by a sense of his responsibility to 
man, and of love to God. Having love to God, through 
faith in Christ, he shall be able to rule his spirit here and to 
rule in eternity hereafter. 

The writer has occasion to remember an interview with 
the General while he (the General) was commandant of 
Department of Missouri. A brother-in-law of the writer 
was in prison in Gratiot, St. Louis, Mo. I made five visits 
to St. Louis in behalf of that brother-in-law, going from 
Monroe county, Missouri. Four of the visits had been made 
without effect, although I had taken some friends along, and 
one time the prisoner's wife was along. I began to cast 
about me to see what was best. I found it necessary to have 
influence at headquarters. Being acquainted with Hon. J. D. 
S. Dryden, of the supreme court of Missouri, and further, 
to fortify myself with him, I had a mutual acquaintance, 
brother Thos. E. Hatcher, to write to the judge. Having 
all things ready, I set out on my fifth journey. I found the 
Judge in St. Louis. We went together to headquarters. 
The doors flew open, we were at once in the presence of 
Gen. Schofield, with cordial hand-shake. My request was 
made known, and, sooner than it has taken to record the 
fact, an order was made out for the release of my captive 
brother, and while the provost was perfecting the order, I 
suggested the name of Wm. Paynter, and Judge Query put 
in the name of an old neighbor of his, Mr. Thomas. We 
went home v^dth three happy souls. The application, often 
made of this incident, is: A sinner, all are sinners, is in the 
prison house of sin; a sense of want and utter destitution is 
felt; an appeal is made to God; no relief is found, but tak- 
the Savior along, the doors are open, and, through Him, we 
have access to the throne of grace. 



1 62 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



We will now resume the thread of household lineage. 
Geo. W. is prominent in military affairs; Elisha died in 
Richmond, Virginia; Frank D. was a farmer in Dallas 
county, Missouri; Charles B., a graduate of West Point. 
Two young men are living and are now in our midst occupy- 
ing stations in civil and social life, so far as we know, in an 
honorable and upright manner. Fred, as he is familiarly 
called, is the editor of a political paper, called the vStar- 
Leader, in Humansville, Missouri. Ed is living in Bolivar, 
Missouri. He married Miss May Clark. To them was 
given one son. Fred married Miss Ina Critcher and then- 
union was blessed by the addition of two children. 




ELD. GREENBERRY MITCHELL. 

Eld. Greenberry Mitchell v>'as born 
about February 6, 1S33. Ordained to the 
full work of the ministry in the year 1S49 
at the call of the Baptist church at Enon, 
Lawrence county, Tennessee, with the 
following presbytery, viz: Eld. J. C. 
Sparkman and Eld. R. C. Mabrey, who, 
having examined Bro. Mitchell, found him 
Greenberry Mitchell orthodox, and by order of the church set 
him apart to the work of irdnistry. Eld. Mitchell died May 
37, 18SS, aged 66 years, 3 months and 21 days. The writer 
has used some diligence, but has failed to get full details of 
this illustrious brother's history; he feels that there is a link 
out of the chain. He finds it often the case that more in- 
formation is gained from friends abroad than those at home. 
The writer was personally acquainted with Eld. Mitchell for 
a short period, and feels that he deserves a warm place in the 
affections of the people. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 163 

ELD. J. F. IXGRAM. 

Eld. J. F. Ingram was born in Polk county, Missouri, 
December 5, 1S39. Was reared in Polk county and without 
much schooling, but like his brothers Isaac and Charles 
he had learned to read. Had an inquiring disposition, a 
good judgment and could weigh the arguments arrayed for 
or against the scriptures. At the age of 21 he was married 
to Miss M. J. Keeling. The children that have been given 
them are VVm. A., M. J. (the only girl), D. M., J. T. (de- 
ceased), John Q. and Chas. E. Eld. Ingram was converted 
at about 14 years of age and joined at Enon. His wife also 
moved her membership from Salem, five miles southeast 
from Bolivar, and joined with him at Enon. After the civil 
war they became members at Pleasant Hill, where brother 
Ingram was licensed and afterward ordained to the full work 
of the ministry. The presbytery was as follows: Elds. D. 
P. Brockus, G. M. Botts, Jas. Schofield, J. R. Callaway. 
Eld. Ingratp died January 3, 1S93. His ordination occurred 
December 7, 1884, and his last sermon was preached Decem- 
ber 3, 1893, text, Math. 5:16. 

Our brother has gone to that favored land, 
Severed for awhile by death's cold hand. 
Hope, still clinging with fond embrace, 
Whispers, "VVe jet shall meet him face to face." 

ELD. ROBERT ROSS. 

Eld. Robert Ross was born in Todd county, Kentucky, 
January 3, 1S14. He was ordained to the full work of the 
ministry, the presbytery consisting of Elds. \Vm. Tatum, 
Jas. Bradley and Wm. B. Senter. He was instrumental in 
building up Slagle church, in Polk county, Missouri. Us- 
ually Eld. Ross was a man of few words, mild and peace- 



164 HISTORY OF rOLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

able in his habits, but when aroused he could carry his audi- 
ence with him as he would tell the story of the cross. His 
first wife died in the triumph of faith; his second wife sur- 
vives him. Eld. Ross died in faith November 29, 1S89. 

ELD. JAS. S. BUCKNER. 

Eld. Jas. S. Buckner was born in Bradley county, 
Tennessee, August 7, 1S33. He was converted in 1S49, 
licensed in 1S36, and ordained to the full work of the minis- 
try in 1857. He has been an efficient minister of the gospel 
for many years and will doubtless bring many sheaves with 
him into the garner, where we are led to believe he will re- 
ceive the welcome plaudit, "Well done, thou good and 
faithful servant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." The 
missionary spirit seems to have been born in him. The 
writer has known him for a number of years, in Cedar and 
adjoining counties, at associations, churches and church trials. 
In all of them his voice has been heard in the defence of 
truth and right. He has been moderator of Greene county 
association for twenty-two years, and so far as we know 
there is no disposition to change the record. His hospitable 
mansion is a veritable Baptist home where the weary pil- 
grims may find rest to their souls and bodies too. He was 
married to JVIiss E. W. Stone in 1S58. He has been in the 
employ of the general association as Sunday school mission- 
ary and did a great and good work in establishing Sunday 
schools in southwest Missouri. Twice has he been to Cali- 
fornia, but Missouri has home atti'actions that bring him 
back. May he long live to bless his relatives, and aid in 
the overthrow of error amid the scenes of his early conquests. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



i6s- 




Wm. B. Epps. 



ELD, WM. B. EPPS. 

Eld. Wm. B. Epps was born in Ruth- 
erford county, Tennessee, February 25, 
1S24; converted in the year 1841 ; joined 
the church about two years afterward ; 
was ordained in 1S60. Preached the gos- 
pel in Greene, Pollv and adjoining coun- 
ties of Missouri, his adopted state. He 
preached about the point where Schofield 
Chapel is located some six years before 
a church was organized. He was elected to the pastorate of 
the little organization, since called Schofield Chapel, and 
continued in that office for eighteen years. He has been pas- 
tor of churches at Republic, at Mt. Olive, in Dallas county, 
and for six or eight years at Providence. 

He came to Missouri in 1840; it was then a new coun- 
try. He has witnessed the wonderful growth of the popula- 
tion, and especially of the Baptist faith, so dear to his heart. 
When the college was established in Bolivar he was among 
the early patrons of that institution. Some of his children 
are laid away, awaiting the resurrection. He has one son at 
home, the youngest, whom we naturally look upon as the 
prop and sure support of his aged father and mother. 

Eld. Epps married Miss S. A. Estes February 27, 1848. 
Nine children were born to them, viz: Margaret E., next a 
pair of gn-1 twins, A. S. M. and R. N. A., Mary F., Louisa 
J., Johnson L., Wm. E. McC, Sarah Clementine and How- 
ard Newton. None are living but the oldest and youngest. 



ELD. 



REUBEN C. GILMORE, 

Eld. Reuben C. Gilmore was born in Polk county, 
Missouri, January 7, 1S41. Professed faith in Christ in 



i66 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



1857- and united with the Baptist church at Enon, Polk 
county, Missouri, in 1S59. Was married to Miss Victoria 
A. Brient, March 31, 1S61. Licensed by Slagle Creek 
church, December, 1S70, and regularly ordained by the same 
church, December, 1873. 

"Not having the benefits of an education I gave my- 
self to study and gained what knowledge I could that was 
practical. I met with a serious loss in the death of my wife, 
which occurred October 34, 1S89. She proved to be a help- 
meet indeed. From her I received great encouragement in 
my ministerial work. Three years of my ministerial work 
was done in Stone, Christian and Barry counties in Mis- 
souri. I have done pastoral work for the following churches 
viz: Mt. Zion, in which time they built their present house 
of worship; Prairie Mound built their present house also; 
Pleasant Hill, Pleasant Ridge 11 years, and present pastor ; 
Turkey Creek 7 years, and present pastsr (Jan. '94) ; Con- 
cord in Greene county, Missouri, and short pastorates with 
other churches. The presbytery in my ordination consisted 
of Eld. G. W. White and;Eld. Isaac Ingram." 



ELD. J. 



WOOD. 




J. C. T. Wood. 



Eld. J. C. T. Wood was born Septem- 
ber 19, 1S47, in the southwest part of 
Polk county, Missouri. His parents 
came from Monroe county, Tennessee, to 
Missouri in the spring of 1840. Eld. 
Wood was converted October 11, 1865, 
and baptized on the 13th of the same 
month into the fellovvship of Turkey 
Creek Baptist church, in Polk county, 
Missouri ; was licensed by the same 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 167 

church soon after, and May 9, 1S75, was ordained at Bethle- 
hem church, Dade county, Missouri, where 'he had transfer- 
red his membership, the presbytery consisting of Elds. Chas. 
Ingram and Monroe Fleming, and deacons J. B. Thurman, 

Crossling, T. D, Dotson and J. B. Clay. 

Eld. Wood was married to Miss M. S. Kelley, daughter 
of Eld. T. J. Kelley. Five children are the fruit of this 
union, four sons and one daughter. Only one survives, F, 
M., the eldest. Walter C, the youngest, departed this life 
November 24, 1896, at three o'clock a. m., while at his 
home. He was happily converted before his death. 

Eld. Wood has distributed his ministerial labors in Dade, 
Cedar, Greene and Polk counties, and was in 1S94 pastor of 
Campbell's Grove, Mt. Zion, Rose Hill and Concord in 
Greene county. He has been moderator of Polk County as- 
sociation for five successive years. In the chair he presides 
with dignity and impartiality, his decisions generally meeting 
with the concurrence of the body. The same will power 
displayed in associational government he carries with him in 
revival work, so that, under God, he is very successful in 
winning souls to Christ. We trust the Lord will use him 
many days in the building up of His kingdom and the pre- 
paration of material for that great temple built without 
hands. Eld. Wood has been a member of the board of trus- 
tees of Southwest Baptist college a number of years. 

W. J. ESKEW. 

W. J. Eskew was born March 2, 1S55, in Polk county, 
Missouri, at Sharon on the Gulf railroad. He was converted 
in the fall of 1873 ; was unwilling to accept it until February 
13, 1889, his spiritual joy was restored unto him. Joined 
Sharon Baptist church and in September, 1S90, was licensed 



i6S 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO:Sr. 



to preach the gospel to a dying world. He was married on 
the 7th of May, 1874, to Miss R. A. Warren. Five chil- 
dren was the fruit of this union, three sons and two daughters, 
viz: George F., James L., Folly Ettie, John W., Cordelia 
Alice. His wife died March i, 1S8S. Brother Eskew 
maintains his family on the farm, but his delight is to be in a 
meeting, where sinners are being saved ; and often has he 
rendered good service in prayer, exhortation and in singing; 
he has a good voice and is a charming leader in revival songs. 



ELD. DANIEL P. 



BROCKUS, SR. 




Eld. Daniel P. Brockus, Sr. , was 
born in Polk county, Missouri, Febru- 
ary 34, 1S43. His father, David 
Brockus, came from Granger county, 
Tennessee, in 1835, and located in 
Polk county, Missouri ; his mother, 
Elizabeth A. Box, came from Jeffer- 
son county, Tennessee, in 1S3S or 
1S39, and they were married in April, 
1 84 1. Daniel, the subject of this 
sketch, was reared on the farm and 
aided in the support of a large family; and havii:ig to walk 
two miles to school, and school time from three to four 
months in the year, and that generall}- in the busy fall season, 
served to limit his education very much. ' 

In August, 1S65, returning from service in the unhappy 
strife between the north and the south, in a few days he is 
found in the school room, teaching. He soon bought a farm 
in the southeast part of Polk county, where he has continued 
to make his home to the present time. He was married to 
Miss Mary M. Periman, of Morrisville, Polk county, Mis- 



D. P. Brockus, Sr. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 169 

souri, January II, iS66. The fruit of this union was four 
daughters and two sons, viz: Fernitia A., Electa M., Re- 
gina C, Henry D., Benjamin F. and Ursuhi E., all of whom 
are now living, and members of the Baptist church. 

Brother Brockus embraced religion August i6, iS6o, 
and in a few weeks afterward united with the Baptist church 
at old Freedom, and was baptized by Eld. Isaac Ingram, 
who was at that time missionary of Freedom association. 
Was licensed to preach by the church at Rock Prairie, De- 
cember 25, 1S75, and was ordained to the full work of the 
ministry, June 33, 1S7S, the presbytery consisting of Elds. 
G. W. White, G. B. Mitchell, Wm. B. Epps, Geo. Suter 
and Chas. L. Alexander. Soon after this he gave up the 
occupation of teaching in the district schools, for the larger 
vocation of calling sinners from darkness unto light and from 
death unto life. He has had the care of a number of 
churches varying in length of time from one year to nine 
years. The following named churches have received his in- 
struction and guidance, viz: Grove Chapel, Reynolds 
Chapel, Macedonia, Fair Grove, Pleasant View, Slagle 
Creek, Pleasant Hill, New Hope, Concord, Brighton, 
Buffalo and now (1S94) pastor at Schofield and Louisburg. 
He has served as trustee of Southwest Baptist college since 
its location in Bolivar. A word added to his manuscript 
will certainly be forgiven. Eld. Brockus has been trustee 
of the college and his prayers have gone up to the God of 
heaven and earth, for its maintenance and perpetuation. 
He has not been slack in his gifts, but has contributed freely 
of his money and time for its support; has been a constant 
patron, sending his children to be educated within its walls. 

The people, seeing his judicious management of his 
domestic affairs, have seen fit to call him for a portion of 



170 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

his time to the adjustment of affairs in the county court, 
where, as presiding judge, he may give wholesome counsel 
and wise direction in the complex system of municipal 
government. 

ELD. W. C. ARMSTRONG. 

Eld. W. C. Armstrong was born in Lexington, Lafay- 
ette county, Missouri, June 19, 1S61. Removed with his 
father to Pulaski county, JV'Iissouri, in 1864. His father was 
a poor, hard-working man, and was not able to give his chil- 
dren the advantages of education. We will continue the 
narrative in his own language: 

"While I was yet very young my heart panted after a 
thorough education. I saw no beauty in life without an edu- 
cation. To accomplish this end, my way seemed to be con- 
tinually hedged in with various soits of hindrances. At the 
age of nine I felt the wooings of God's Spirit upon my 
heart. With this I struggled frequently until in my seven- 
teenth year I gave my heart to God on the 30th day of No- 
vember, 1S77. Inspired with this new life, the burning de- 
sire which I had always felt for an education was greatly in- 
tensified. I began to ask myself the question, what shall I 
do in life? For years I struggled without a purpose. At 
last, being discouraged, I resolved to give up the one dear 
object of my life, my determination of securing a good edu- 
cation. With this thought before me, and yet a dense fog 
of doubt about me, I was married to Miss Lina Glover on 
the 26th day of June, 1S83, at Richland, Mo. But God was 
not in this step. The storm-clouds of God's disapproval 
gfathered thick and fast. The home was erected. The Lord 
placed within it a bright little daughter. I felt the call of 
God upon me. but refused to give up. On the nth day of 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 17I 

July, 1884, the hand of death was laid upon my wife, and 
she was taken. With streaming eyes I cried to God for help. 
On the last of the following September, as I sat with my dy- 
ing babe in my arms, my heart turned toward God while I 
said: "It is enough, I give up. Take me as I am. Thou 
hast swept from me every fond hope of earthly joy, now 
give me the richer hope of heaven." From that time on my 
purpose in life has been fixed. I entered Southwest Baptist 
college as a ministerial student in January, i8S6, graduating 
with second honors in the close of 1SS9 with the degree of 
■ B. S. 

I was ordained to the work of the ministry at Bolivar, 
Missouri, May 5, 1S89. My first charge was in a mission 
field of North Springfield, Missouri, where, on July 28, 

1889, we organised the East Avenue Baptist church of that 
city, with eleven constituent members. We remained there 
14 months, during which time there was erected a very sub- 
stantial church building. The membership increased to 65, 
a well organized Sunday school and everything in good 
shape. From thence I went in response to a call of the 
church at Aurora in October, 1S90, thence to Verona and 
Furd}', thence to Willow Springs in October following. 
The Lord is blessing the church greatly in the latter place. 
I can say with Job, "The Lord giveth and the Lord taketh 
away, blessed be the name of the Lord;" for since I have 
given up and entered his work he has given me fourfold. I 
was married June 19, 18S9, to Miss Agnes Brockus, of 
Schofield, Missouri. To us was given, on the 25th of March, 

1890, a little daughter, and then a son, on the third day of 
September, 1S91. So we are happy in the Master's service, 
with a home full of love and joy and light. 



172 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 




S. D. TiDWELL. 



STEPHEN D. TIDWELL. 

Stephen D. Tidwell was born in War- 
ren county, Tennessee, November 30, 
1840, and in 1S51 emigrated to Carroll 
county, Arkansas, with his parents and 
<7--^'*Nt'^ five brothers and sisters, where he lived 
^^i_ with them, working on the farm during 
crop time, and attending school fall and 
winter, until 1S60. In August, 1858, he 
made a profession of religion and joined 
the M. E. church, south, to which his 
parents belonged. He had strong im- 
pressions to preach the word; but he was very timid, there- 
fore he did not let anyone know his feelings on this matter, 
but kept waiting and looking for a Divine revelation, until 
the civil war seized the minds of all and shook the nation 
from center to circumference. In 1866 these impressions 
came back stronger than at first, and he resolved he would 
commence very soon, But he engaged in teaching private 
and public schools, which seemed to allay or satisfy his feel- 
ings to a certain extent, until he put the matter off still fur- 
ther in the future. 

He married Margaret L. Creed, a daughter of Gideon 
Creed, of Hickory county, Missouri, November 15, 1869. 
To them were born three daughters and one son. He located 
in Polk county, Missouri, in 1S71, where he has resided ever 
since. In the spring of 1S71 he was led under peculiar cir- 
cumstances to investigate the communion question for the 
first time, as he was strongly in favor of open communion ; 
he thought the Lord's table was for all who had heard, 
whether thev belonged to the church or not. The above in- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 173 

vestigation led him where he had the least idea of going be- 
fore, and that was to identify himself with the stingy, bigoted 
Baptists, as he thought they were before. There were a few 
other points of doctrine studied at the same time, and the re- 
sults of the said personal investigation led him to believe 
that a church as an organized body of believers, and only 
members of the same, are authorized to hold up the picture 
of Christ's death till he comes. Brother Tidwell joined the 
Baptist Church of Christ at Mt. View, Polk county, Mis- 
souri, in 1S71, and was elected clerk of the same, which 
position he has held for 23 years. 

His occupation has been farming and teaching, except 
three winters, one of them was spent in feeding cattle, an- 
other in lecturing on political economy, and the third in 'rep- 
resenting Polk county in the Thirty-Third General Assembly. 
The thought of his mind for several years has been to give 
up teaching, and in the fall of 1S93 he did not take any 
school. Those impressions to preach God's word came just 
strong enough, that he would try only a few times, and he 
prayed the Lord to bless with entire failure, or complete suc- 
cess, as the will of God might be in the work, or not. He 
commenced at Campbell's Grove on the third Sunday in De- 
cember, 1S93, text, I Kings iS:3i. The Lord gave liberty 
of speech, but no peculiar evidence of his call to the work, 
as he had expected, therefore did not leave another appoint- 
ment for the next month ; but being solicited to preach again 
at night he consented; although oppressed with an aching 
heart he went back to preach that night. After the sermon 
a sense of relief and satisfaction pervaded the mind, insomuch 
that all doubt was driven away and a perfect confidence that 
the Lord, in His own way, has called and will help His ser- 
vant in ways unknown to him, so that His servant may not 



174 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOSf. 

know at present, but shall know hereafter, more fully, the 
mind of the Lord. Having this confidence, however, that 
the Lord hath spoken he enters the arena with trembling- 
heart, yet with bright anticipation that a way shall be opened 
for the fulfillment of the great commission: "Go ye into all 
the world and preach the gospel to every creature, baptizing 
them into the name of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, and 
lo, I am with you alwayunto the end of the world. Amen." 
Brother S. D. Tidwell was ordained to the full work of the 
ministry at the call of Mt. View church, in Polk county, 
Missouri. 

REUBEN CURRAN TAYLOR. 

Reuben Curran Taylor v/as born in Franklin county, 
Alabama, April 7, 1S37. Moved with his father, Wm. 
Taylor to Texas county, Missouri, when about fifteen years 
old. From thence to Marion county, Arkansas, where, at 
the age of 22 he was married to Miss Susan Keeling, a na- 
tive of Tennessee, and daughter of Carlton Keeling, who 
emigrated to Arkansas about the year 1S57. Of this happy 
union was born James Leonard Taylor, March iS, 1S61, he 
being the eldest of a family of ten children, five boys and five 
girls, of whom two boys and three girls were called home in 
infancy and early childhood. The beginning of the Civil 
war called the father of our subject from the quiet pursuits of 
farm life to bear arms in defense of his country. The mother, 
being somewhat ambitious, resolved to be near her husband 
in this struggle. Therefore, as soon as arrangements could 
be made, she, with her infant son, joined the father at Spring- 
field, Missouri. Soon they were called upon to go to 
Fayetteville, Arkansas. The mother drove the team while 
the father was on duty. Thus, young Taylor's ears were 
early saluted by the booming of cannon and the rattle of 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 175 

nnusketry. At the close of the war the family moved to 
Polk county, Missouri, near Vaughn's Station, from thence 
to Marion county, Arkansas. Churches reviving again, the 
father, who had formerly been a member, identified himself 
with the United Baptist church. The mother united with 
the M. E. church of which she had formerly been a member. 

At the age of nine James was sent to a country school 
which he attended about two months during the summer, 
walking a distance of two and a half miles to and from 
school each day. This was kept up every year until James 
was 18 years old, never attending more than two and a half 
months at a time. James was always a close observer of re- 
ligious worship and by the early training of a pious mother 
was early impressed with the necessity of salvation. At the 
age of twelve was deeply convicted of sin and went forward 
for prayer and religious instruction. But those conducting 
the meeting made the mistake of thinking him too young 
to understand things of God and did not try to point him to 
the great fountain for cleansing from sin ; whereupon, he 
being visited by the tempter, resolved never to go forward 
again. After this the good Spirit seemed to go from him 
and although he was delighted to see his friends saved, he 
seemed not to be impressed with the need of seeking Christ 
for himself until October, 1S79, in a meeting held by Eld. 
A. R. Stephenson at Old Blue Mountain Baptist church in 
Stone county, Arkansas, he was again deeply convicted of 
sin. Surrendering his aversion to the anxious seat he 
promptly went forward and was graciously saved. He at 
once joined this church and was baptized by Eld. Stephenson. 

For some time he enjoyed going to church and hearing 
the word, but upon moving into a community destitute of 
church and religious worship, grew careless of his Christian 



176 HISTORY OF FOLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



duty, drifting on in an aimless sort of wa}^, doing nothing for 
the Master's cause ; indeed, indulging in' many things unbe- 
coming a follower of the lowly Nazarene, until in the sum- 
mer of 1SS4, while attending school in Barry count}', Mis- 
souri, he attended a revival meeting at Mineral Springs, and 
there received a renewal of the joys of salvation, became 
an active worker in the church, and began to feel impressions 
of a Divine call to the gospel ministry. This, however, he 
strove against. 

Leaving school in September, he went to Carroll county, 
Arkansas, where he was married to Miss Mattie Belle Thom- 
ason October 26, 1884, she being not yet 16 years of age, 
was born in Washington county, Arkansas, November 19, 
1S68. She is the daughter of Milton Marion Thomason, 
who resides at this time near Eureka Springs, Arkansas. Mrs. 
Taylor, who was not a Christian at the time of her marriage, 
was soon after converted at family worship held by her hus- 
band at her father's house. The Thomasons were all Meth- 
odists. Mrs. Taylor did not unite with any church until 
the year 18S8, when they moved into a community where 
there was no Baptist church, she, with her husband joined a 
Methodist class. All this time Mr. Taylor felt deeply the 
call to preach, but would not yield until God drew forth the 
chastening rod, whtch came in the form of affliction. Mrs. 
Taylor was seized with a severe attack of brain fever, which 
brought her near to death. At this time Mr. Taylor retired 
to a lonely place to implore aid from on high. While there, 
the Spirit seemed to say, "Do my will." ''I will," was the 
answer, "grant my request and I will labor in Thy vineyard." 
The answer to this prayer in the speedy recovery of Mrs. 
Taylor was astonishing to all who knew of her condition. 
At the next prayer meeting Mr. Taylor announced his inten- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 1 77 

tion to do whatever the Lord called upon him to do. His 
brethren at once besou_^ht him to enter the ministry, which 
he consented to do, and was licensed by Eld. P. B. Sum- 
mers, of Harrison district, Arkansas Conference of M. E. 
church, south, on Saturday before the fourth Sunday in Sep- 
tember, iSSS. 

Rev. Taylor was of a conscientious and studious 
nature and began at once to study the word of God touching 
the doctrines of his church. He soon began to express 
some dissatisfaction with the teaching of the same. His 
friends sought to quiet this uneasiness by citing him to differ- 
ent works on theology, viz: Wesley's writings, the Metho- 
dist's Armor and Ralston's Elements of Divinity; but so 
far from quieting his dissatisfaction, they only tended by 
their inconsistent dealing with God's word, to thoroughly 
ground that dissatisfaction and of studying carefully the 
word for himself. 

Mr. and Mrs. Taylor joined the Oregon Baptist church 
in Jasper county, Missouri, and were baptized by Eld. C. 
W. Keeling. Brother Taylor was licensed to preach No- 
vember 9, 1SS9, by the Oregon Baptist church, and began 
to preach wherever an opportunity was afforded, working as 
a farm laborer to gain a livelihood for his family, which now 
consisted of the wife and two children. On Saturday before 
the fourth Sunday in February, 1890, he was elected pastor 
of Spring River church. This church petitioned for his 
ordination, which petition was granted by the Oregon Bap- 
tist church, the presbytery consisting of Eld. W. A. Pipkin, 
moderator, W. H. Brown, clerk, C. W. Keeling and T. J. 
Green. This was done March 9, 1S90, and on the fourth 
Sunday in the same month baptized his first candidate into 
the fellowship of Spring River church. On July 7, 1S90, 



17S HISTORY OF POLK COUXTi' BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

after stacking straw on the farm of G. R. Meador until noon, 
Eld. Taylor bid adieu to manual labor trusting in Him who 
said, "Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel," and 
launched forth on the ocean of ministerial labor. His first 
effort without ministerial aid was put forth at Wisner school 
house in Jasper county. Missouri, where he labored eight 
days and witnessed nine professions. This greatly encour- 
aged him and on to greater achievements. He began to feel 
the necessity of a better education, and contemplated enter- 
ing Pierce City College. His wife being in poor health, he 
went to Eureka Springs to rest and recuperate. In the 
meantime he had been called to the pastorate of Belfast 
church, Newton county, Missouri, this occupying one-fourth 
of his time. He now had one-half time employed, with a 
salary of one hundred and ten dollars per year. 

His friends urged him to go to school, which he resolved 
to do, and on the first Sunday in September arrived at Pierce 
City with ten dollars in cash, all told, with which to keep his 
family and board himself while at school. He was deter- 
mined, however, and forming a club with W. A. Pipkin, G. 
S. Maness and T. P. Barnard, all ministerial students, they 
rented rooms and began to keep "bach." The Lord raised 
up friends for the enthusiastic young preacher, and before the 
wolf came to the door the church of which he was a member 
came to his rescue with substantial aid. But this was not suf- 
ficient to supply long the constantly recurring wants, and 
upon receiving a letter from his wife that the family was in 
need, he began to think that his most cherished hope would 
not be realized. So in the evening he retired to a grove 
about a half mile northeast of the college, and there asked 
God to direct him. Next morning he went to a friend and 
made known his desire to borrow $25. This request was 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 1 79 

complied with. It soon became apparent that with cooking, 
keeping rooms in order, and from five to seven studies, to- 
gether with preaching every Saturday and Sunday, it was too 
much for his robust constitution, so he resolved to try and 
pay for his board, and thus obtain more time for his studies. 
Whereupon he went to board with Eld. J. M. Bent, D. D., 
who was one of those affectionate, noble-hearted men whom 
to know is to love. Shortly after this the Lord moved the 
hearts of the faithful brethren and sisters of Pierce City, who 
have won the undying love of more than one struggling 
preacher, to care for this one also. So he was kindly in- 
formed that he was to board with the members of the church, 
staying a week at a time with each of those who went into 
the scheme. 

* It was a hard year, and the demands of a needy family 
made it, as he thought, apparent that he must say good-bye 
to school before the year closed. Upon informing the kind- 
hearted president, he said : " Brother Taylor, I do not think 
it necessary; you are well up with your studies and can take 
time to hold a meeting of ten days or two weeks, and keep 
up with your classes." The advice was taken. A church 
near Mt. Vernon wanted a meeting. An appointment w'as 
made. But he must fill his regular appointment with Spring 
River. Who could describe his thankfulness and delight 
when he found that (it being the first meeting in the year), 
over and above his regular monthly wages, they had raised as 
a New Year's present $28.30. On Monday he proceeded to 
his appointment, held ten days, and witnessed five conversions, 
and received $20. With a glad heart he returned to school, 
plunging into his w^ork with renewed energy, clinging more 
fiimly to the promise, " Lo, I am with you alway, even unto 
the end." Through the influence of Eld. H. G. Young- 



l8o HISTORY OF POI.K COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

blood, who was a student and classmate, he was called to the 
care of the church at Seneca, Mo., for half time, with a sal- 
ary of $300 per year. Having now all his time full, and a 
salary of $310 per year, which, by economy, was sufficient 
to meet the necessities of his family, and so the year ended 
with an indebtedness of $35. 

But, says he, a stronger trial of faith and courage was 
to be made. On May 37, 1S91, another was added to the 
family in the person of a little girl, to which he gave the 
name of Effie. Mrs. Taylor was seized by a severe attack 
of fever, against which she struggled for many da3's, coming 
down to where her feet almost touched the brink of the chilly 
waters of death, and after a mighty struggle against our 
Father's wi'l we were compelled to surrender little Effie to 
go and dwell with the angel band. After m.any da3's anxious 
watching, Mrs. Taylor was pronounced by the physician to 
be safe. All this time expenses were enormous and had in- 
volved us in debt. So the cherished hope of another year in 
Pierce City faded. Eld. Taylor resumed his work in the 
ministry with a heavy heart. Having resigned his work at 
Spring River and Belfast he was called as supply to Carl 
Junction church, Jasper county, Missouri, during the absence 
of the pastor, Eld. J. M. Smith. In August, 1S91, he was 
called to the care of Lebanon church, Laclede county, Mis- 
souri, for all his time. This was a new church, composed 
of all grades of society, and knowing nothing of Baptist 
usage and no house to worship in, it was a hard field. The 
first Sunday in September Eld. Taylor preached his first 
sermon as pastor of this church in the Campbellite house of 
worship, for which he paid $3 per service, but this luxury 
was soon denied them and he rented the S. Methodist house 
for $5, using it at odd hours so as not to interfere with them ; 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. l8l 

this however was soon denied them. Eld. Taylor then re- 
solved to go to the court house, which could be had free, but 
this was a very undesirable place. The people, however, 
became accustomed to it and gathered in large crowds to hear 
the simple gospel of Christ. 

Meanwhile steps had been taken toward erecting a church 
house. A lot was secured and work began and was carried on 
with unabated zeal. On the fourth Sunday in May, 1892, the 
church, with its thankful pastor, gathered in their new house 
of worship to celebrate the Lord's supper and offer a vote of 
thanks to the county officials for the use of the court house. 
The church house, however, was not finished, only enclosed. 
It was a neatly arranged frame structure with a capacity of 
seating about 500 persons, and costing when finished, about 
$3,500. It was finished and dedicated by Eld. J. F. Hamp- 
ton, who succeeded Eld. Taylor, he giving up the work in 
October, 1892, to go to Bolivar, Missouri, to take the care 
of the church and attend Southwest Baptist college. On 
November 12, moved to Bolivar and entered on his work as 
pastor and student. At commencement in 1893 won gold 
medal in prize contest, the prize being offered by the W. C. 
T. U. 

He resigned the pastorate at Bolivar September 6, 1S93, 
and accepted the missionai-y work of Polk County association 
for a short season, and did a good work. The board being 
unwilling to incur a debt was obliged to stop the work. Eld. 
Taylor was in 1S94 pastor and resident at Humansville, one- 
half time at Boulevard, Springfield, and one-half at Humans- 
ville. Eld. Taylor has witnessed during his brief ministry 
between 500 and 600 conversions and baptized about 125 
persons. His family consists of a wife and three children. 
Of the latter, the eldest, Virgil Oscar, was born April 27, 



lS2 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

1887; Myrtle was born December 8, 188S; Homer was born 
July 24, 1S93. 

ELD. F. J. LEAVITT. 

Eld. F. J. Leavitt was born October 26, 1844, in Gouv- 
erneur, New York. His parents, William A. and Electa J. 
Leavitt, were of New England ancestry. He was reared on 
a farm and had the opportunity of attending countrj' schools 
from three to five months in each year, until he was about 
sixteen, when he was permitted to enter the VVesleyan acad- 
emy in his native town. Here he remained until the first 
year of the Civil war, when he enlisted. Being discharged 
the next year returned home, and after a few months re- 
entered the academ3^ When 18 years old he taught his first 
school in a Scotch settlement in his own country. Here his 
uncle, B. F. Leavitt, taught school when a young man. One 
of the trustees that employed him also hired F. J. 

In 1864 he re-enlisted, and after a few months was taken 
prisoner, and saw no more field service. He was discharged 
from military service June 3i, 1S65. In October following 
he came with his parents to Missouri, settling in De Kalb 
county. He was converted and joined the Hopewell Baptist 
church, in said county, in August, the next year. The meet- 
ing was held in the woods, and was conducted by the pastor, 
Eld. T. N. O' Bryant, assisted by other ministerial brethren. 
At this meeting there were about forty professions. 

Young Leavitt was early impressed with a call to the 
ministry, though he did not respond fully until four years 
later. Meanwhile he taught school in various places, and, as 
he believes, was successful. Finally, having decided to 
make the ministry his life work, he entered William Jewell 
college in 1871. The death of his father in 1869 left on his 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 183 

hands the care of the family for a time, and prevented his 
enterinof the college earlier. 

In the early part of 1S73 he entered the pastorate at 
Hamilton, Mo., and was ordained in May, of the same year. 
In November, 1S73, he was united in marriage with Miss 
Fannie S. Hill, of St. Joseph, Mo. He remained pastor of 
this church about seven years, dividing the time with the 
church at Breckenridge, Missouri, for five years. He then 
accepted a call to the church at Trenton, Missouri, remain- 
ing five years. Received and accepted a call from the 
churches at Lathrop and Plattsburg, Missouri. In 1SS7, he 
moved to Urbana, Illinois, serving as pastor two years. 
Went to La Moille in the same state and remained pastor 
for 15 months, when he received n call from the Robberson 
Avenue Baptist church, Springfield, Missouri. He accepted 
and entered upon his work March i, 1S91, and is still serv- 
ing the same (February, 1S94). 

ELD. SIMON p. COLLINS. 

Eld. Simon P. Collins was born in Rockingham county. 
North Carolina, June 33, 1S28. Emigrated to Kentucky 
1833. Married November 34, 1S54. Professed hope Au- 
gust, 1853. Came to Missouri in the spring of 1856. Li- 
censed before the war. Ordained about 18S5. Settled in 
Cedar county, Missouri, at an early day. Still resides on 
the beautiful undulating prairie of the western side of Cedar 
county. The writer has been acquainted with him for a 
number of years and believes him to be a staunch defender 
of Baptist principles. 



iS4 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO^T. 



ELD. 



M. PAYNE. 




Eld. J. M. Payne was born January 
7, 1S54, in Johnson county, Arkansas. 
At the age of nine years moved with 
his parents to Greene county, Missouri. 
There he grew up to manhood. Sep- 
tember 7, 1S76, he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Nancy E. Barclay, of 
Pleasant Hope, Polk county, Missouri. 
To them have been born eight children, 
J. M. Payne. five boys and three girls, the order of 

their birth as follows: Pearl E., Elijah D., Arctus Otto, 
Tabitha K., Daniel J., Edward F., Oliver M. H., Elizabeth 
R. Eld. Payne professed faith in Christ October 29, 1876. 
Joined the church at Rock Prairie. Soon impressed to the 
work of the gospel ministry. After seven years struggling 
against the Spirit, he resolved to do the will of God and 
commence preaching. He was a licentiate about 15 months. 
His ordination was called for by the church at Rock Prairie, 
and July 3, 1S87, was set apart to the full work of the min- 
istry. He accepted a call to the pastorate of Red Bird 
church. Crawford county, Arkansas, to which place he 
moved. This was his first pastorate. After preaching for 
this and other churches, he was appointed missionary of 
Clear Creek association. Coming again to Missouri, his la- 
bor in the ministry has been in Dallas and Polk counties. 
Since this was written Eld. Payne has moved to the Indian 
Territory. His present address is Pierce City, Missouri, 
(1S97). 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 185 

ELD. GEORGE LEWIS WILSON. 

Eld. George Lewis Wilson was born in Logan county, 
Kentucky, April 25, 1824. Moved to Missouri 1844. 
Married in Arkansas in 1843 to Miss Mary Copeland. 
Converted in the year 1846, Ordained to the gospel ministry 
by the call of the church at Enon in Polk county, Missouri, 
in 1874, presbytery consisting of Elds. T. J. Baucom and 
J. W. Matthews. He has, since his ordination, been pastor 
of a number of churches. Has been steadily employed un- 
til the last two years, 1892-93. He wishes it distinctly under- 
stood that he never exacted a definite salary from any church 
over which he was called to preside. He served the church 
at Enon three years and received from that church for the 
three years work $8.50. Eld. Wilson, so far as we are able 
to judge, has the cause of God at heart. He desires to see 
sinners converted and prepared for heaven and immortal 
glory. His family consists of his wife, Mary, daughter of 
Col. A. M. Copeland of Murray county, Tennessee. She 
was born in said county and state, July 24, 1S25. There 
were born to them as follows: Thomas, who died in 18 
months, was born March 18, 1844; Jas. M. December 18, 
1845; Elizabeth, September 16, 1847; Geo. L., November 
29, 1849; Ben F. who died in 18 months, was born Novem- 
ber 29, 185 1 ; Mary J., August 23, 1854; Hezekiah P., De- 
cember 21, 1856; Rufus K., February 20, 1859; Sarah C, 
February 8, 1862; Nancy P., July 14, 1864. Elizabeth died 
October 29, 1863. Stacy B. was born May 29, 1868. 

Here follows a brief notice of brother Robert Wilson, a 
brother of Eld. G. L. Wilson. This devoted brother was 
born in Logan county, Kentucky, in 1810. Converted in 
1836. Joined the Baptist church immediately. Moved from 
Arkansas where he had been located for some time, to Ver- 



l86 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

non county, Missouri. While in Arkansas he married Miss 
Maria Copeland. Moved to Polk county, Missouri, in 1866, 
and has been a faithful member of the church at Enon for a 
number of years. His children so far as we know, are all 
members at Enon and doubtless prepared to meet their par- 
ents who have already passed over to be with God. 

Eld. G. L. Wilson died quite suddenly on October 10, 
1896, in full possession of his mental powers. On the Sun- 
day preceding his death, himself and J. L. Kinder preached 
the funerals of Mrs. Tempa Hensley and the child of Peter 
Scroggins at Enon. Both coffins in the house at the same 
time; and on the loth brother J. L. Kinder preached the 
funeral of Eld. G. L. Wilson at Enon, taking for his text, 
Micah 7:7, "I know my God will hear me." 

ROBERT HOOK, 

With a great degree of pleasure do we record the brief 
mention of such worthies as brother Robert Hook and his 
amiable w\ie. The former was born in East Tennessee 
October 14, 1S09; the latter in East Tennessee April 8, iSii. 
They are Methodists, and living near the church, their bent 
forms are seen in the church at Enon, and with cane in hand 
they wend their way to and from the place of w^orship, full 
of interest for the dying ones around them. Several times 
has the writer enjoyed their hospitf^lity and noted the deep 
concern they had for their numerous children and grandchil- 
dren. The writer hopes to meet them on the shores of eter- 
nal deliverance. [Brother Hook died March iS, 1897.] 

WM. LOVETT. 

Another veteran soldier of the cross in the neighborhood 
of Enon has recently passed aw^ay to his eternal reward, 
brother Wm. Lovett. He was born in Washington county. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 1S7 

Pennsylvania, April 8, iSio. Came to Scotland county, 
Missouri, in 1S57, where he remained iS months. Since 
that time he has resided most of the time in Polk county, 
Missouri. Nine children were given to him, but only three 
survive. He was at the home of his daughter Viola at the 
time of his death. She, with her husband, Hilsman Davis, 
gave to the aged parent all the care that lay within their 
power. 

JAMES BALLENGER. 

James Ballenger was born in Jefferson county, Tennes- 
see, June iS, 1833. Converted in 1843. Joined church at 
Enon, Missouri. Moved to Missouri in 1839. Is a member 
of the church at Enon. 

CALVIN HENRY DAVIS. 

Calvin Henry Davis was born in Granger county, Ten- 
nessee, June 5, 1832. He moved to Greene county, Mis- 
souri, in 1838, thence to Polk county, Missouri, in 1839. 
Many of his children and grandchildren live near him and 
are ready to minister to his wants as he grows old and feeble. 
The true Christian can wear a crown of rejoicing on earth 
and a crown of glory in heaven. 

WILLIAM FRANKLIN COMBS. 

William Franklin Combs was born in Humphries county, 
Tennessee, February 14, 1830; moved to Kentucky in in- 
fancy, and to Polk county, Missouri, in 1858. His wife is 
54 years old, and the mother of 11 children, of whom four 
survive. He is a member at Enon. 

MRS. D. E. SCHOFIELD. 

Mrs. D. E. Schofield was born in Iowa, 1S54. Her 
father, Mr. Farrar, was born in Pennsylvania and her mother 



lS8 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

in Ohio where they were married. The subject of our 
sketch remained with her parents in Iowa 14 years, at which 
time she removed with her parents to Dallas county, Mis- 
souri. At the age of 17 she professed faith in Christ and 
was baptized by Eld. Geo. Mitchell into the fellowship of 
the church at Buffalo, Missouri. Afterwards joined the 
church at Schofield Chapel. In i^j2 she was married to 
Mr. Frank P. Schofield, son of "Old Father Schofield." 
Her husband was not a Christian, but her earnest entreaty 
and God's goodness in answer to prayer brought him to the 
Saviour and he became a Christian more than a year before 
his death, which event occurred February 15, 1878. 

Her oldest, John F. Schofield was born March 21, 1875. 
He was converted and joined the Baptist church at Bolivar 
when 13 years old and has since lived a Christian life. Katie 
Schofield was born October 15, 1877. Was converted and 
joined the Baptist church at Bolivar when 10 years old. 
vSister Schofield lived on the farm three years after her hus- 
band's death, when she moved to Bolivar to educate her 
children in the Southwest Baptist college. At that time Eld. 
J. R. Maupin was president of the college. He soon gave 
her a position which she filled for several years. She has 
conducted the primary department in the college for a num- 
ber of years, giving her own children as well as others the 
benefit of her ripe experience. She has recently taken a po- 
sition in the college at Lexington, Missouri, under President 
W. A. Wilson ; but says she has not lost a particle of inter- 
est in the "Dear old Southwest Baptist college at Bolivar." 
John F. received degree of A. B., May 29, 1895. Katie 
received diploma in music May 39, 1S95. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 189 

MERIDA N. AVILLS. 

Merida N. Wills of Lamar, Missouri, was born in 
Macoupin county, Illinois, June 15, 1828. His father was 
a native of Kentucky and his mother of North Carolina. 
In 1858 he was married to Miss Susanna L. Lamarr, a na- 
tive of Macoupin. When married he was not worth twenty 
dollars all told ; but is at the present time engaged in the 
banking business and is considered one of the wealthy men 
of the day. He and his amiable wnfe are, and have been 
members of the Missionary Baptist church for over 40 years. 
Three sons and three daughters were given to them. Two 
of the sons Wm. M. and T. L. attended the Southwest 
Baptist college at Bolivar in the years 1880-83. Their 
father, M. N. , was trustee of the college from 1880 to 1883. 
The writer has occasion to rememberthe unbounded hospital- 
ity of M. N. Wills. In 1874 as we were traversing the 
earth for the health of an invalid wife, accompanied by three 
children, Mary, Wiley and Mattie, our hap was to fall into 
Lamar, Missouri, and eventually under the hospitable roof 
of brother Wills, where we spent a few days quite pleasantly, 
barring the sickness of the invalid. 

HENRY C. TURK. 

Henry C. Turk was born in Hickory county, Missouri, 
April 27, 1850. His parents, Andrew and Mary (William- 
son) Turk were born in Roanoke and Floyd counties re- 
spectively. Henry C. was married to Miss Maria F. Robin- 
son, daughter of Eld. Jehu Robinson, January 26, 1873. 
She was born in Webster county, Missouri, in 1855, and is 
the mother of four children, two of whom are living. Pearl 
and Earl. Andrew J. and Charles A. are deceased. Since 
writing the above it is said there is another whose name is 



igO HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

not at hand. Brother and Sister Turk are members of the 
Missionary Baptist church. Their daughter Pearl professed 
faith in Christ in the great meeting commencing December 
31, 1S93, and continuing until Sunday, February 18, 1894, 
whereat there were about 73 professions. Brother Turk was 
a member of the board of trustees of Southwest Baptist col- 
lege. He died at his home in Polk county^ Missouri, August 
24, 1S95. 

JAMES P. SLAGLE. 

James P. Slagle was born November 22, 182S, in Henry- 
county, West Tennessee. His father and mother were na-? 
tives of Kentucky, and his grandparents were from Virginia. 
His father died in 1851, and the mother in 1856. James is 
the sixth of eight children, six now living. He married Miss 
Barbara L. Barham, a native of Kentucky, in 1S55. She 
was born in 1S33. To them were born nine children, eight 
living: Wm. F., Alice E., Benjamin P., Fannie B., Chas. 
C, Wade H., Ella C. and Emma V. (twins). Brother and 
Sister Slagle are members of Slagle Creek church, eight 
miles south of Bolivar, Brother Slagle was elected trustee 
of Southw^est Baptist college in 1884, and has maintained 
that position to the present ('96). 



Eld. W. H, Burnham, D. D., was born in Boone 
county, Missouri, June 30, 1839. He was raised on a farm 
and attended occasionally the common schools of the neigh- 
borhood. In 1S53 he professed faith in Christ and united 
with New Salem Baptist church near his home at Ashland, 
and soon became quite active in the young men's prayer 
meeting. He entered Wm. Jewell college in 1857 under 
the presidency of the celebrated Wm, Thompson. He 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. I9I 

spent four years at Wm, Jewell and one year at the State 
University, graduating at the latter, after which he entered 
into ministerial work in Callaway county, and was very suc- 
cessful. In 1S6S he delivered the annual sermon before the 
Society of Religious Inquiry in the Westminister Presby- 
terian college, an honor never accorded to a Baptist minister 
before. 

In 1S76 he moved to Clarksville, Missouri, and was 
successful in many revival meetings in several places. He 
was also pastor of the churches at Troy in Lincoln, and at 
Bowling Green in Pike county. In 1880 he was recalled to 
his old field in Callaway and has filled the pastoral office at 
the Second Fulton, Richland, Unity, and Dry Fork 
churches, leaving them all in a flourishing condition. Dr. 
Burnham has held two discussions with men of the 
Campbellite persuasion, Mr. Marlow and Mr. Jarrett, com- 
ing off with acknowledged and flattering honors. 

On Monday, April i, 1SS9, the board of trustees chose 
as a new faculty for Southwest Baptist college Eld. W. H. 
Burnham, A. M., D. D., for president, Eld. J. R. Downer, 
Eld. R. E. L. Burks and J. R. Lightfoot to carry on the col- 
lege work. At the call of the church Eld. Burnham was 
elected pastor with a salary of $700. September 4, 1S89, 
session opened again with the following faculty: Eld. W. 
H. Burnham, A. M., D. D., president and professor of men- 
tal and moral science; Jas. A. Beauchamp, A. B., professor 
of mathematics; Eld. R. E. Burks, A. B., professor of an- 
cient languages; J. R. Lightfoot, B. L., professor of natural 
sciences; Miss Ella Prather, teacher of instrumental and 
vocal music ; Miss Ida C. Post, principal of preparatory de- 
partment; Jas. A. Beauchamp, secretary of faculty. The 
next year, 1890-91, the same faculty, except Mrs. Pearl 



19^ 



HISTORY OF POLK CO^KTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO:S". 



(Buvnham) Beauchamp was principal of preparatory de- 
partment, and B. H. Parrish of commercial department, and 
Miss Sue Duncan of music department. 

Eld. Burnham continued as pastor of the church until 
the time of his resignation as president of the college, which 
occurred February i, 1S92. Then he accepted the church at 
Humansville. Subsequently he returned to his old field in 
Callaway, where be is successfully engaged in the ministry. 

There are but few men, if, indeed, there be any iri 
America, who could surpass in oratory, or in profound depth 
of thought, or logical deduction, the subject of our sketch. 
It has often been said by numbers: "■ I can always be inter- 
ested, and can always learn something in listening to the 
well arranged sermons of Dr. Burnham." 



ELD. GEORGE W. WHITE. 

Eld. George W. White was born 
August 13, 1S07, in Henry county, 
Kentucky, and was the son of John 
and Elizabeth White, of King and 
Queen county, Virginia. His father 
was personally acquainted with George 
Washington. His education was lim- 
ited, because in his early youth there 
were no public schools, and private 
ones afforded very limited facilities for 
instruction. At 20 years he was mar- 
ried to Elizabeth Connelly. To them 
were born nine children, four of whom are living. In 1S50 
he was married to Martha Harper. To them was born one 
child. In 1S36 he professed faith in Christ and joined the 
Missionary Baptist church and began immediately to preach. 




Geo. W. White, 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I93 

He served as pastor at Mt. Olive, Sycamore Chapel and 
New Madrid Bend, all in Tennessee. The first 17 years, 
the second five years, and the third five years. He baptized over 
100 persons in the Mississippi below^ the mouth of the Ohio 
river. In 1854 he moved to Greene county, Missouri. He 
served as pastor at Mt. Pleasant, 5 years ; Prospect, 5 ; Stony 
Point, -5 ; Ash Grove, 5 ; Kelley, 5 ; Concord in Polk, 5 ; 
Slagle Creek, 10; Cedar Bluff, 8; Tatum Chapel, 18, and 
Friendship, 10, besides visiting other churches, organizing 
churches and ordaining ministers and deacons. 

An incident is related of him that happened during the 
Civil war. It was at a time when a great many southern 
sympathizers were being reported as aiding and abetting 
southern soldiers. One day a company of German Federal 
troops came to his house and in a very insolent manner de- 
manded of him his "arms," (meaning fire arms.) He told 
them he would surrender them, but when he handed them his 
Bible and hymn book, telling them these, were his only arms 
and that if they could use them to better advantage than he 
could, they were welcome to them, they stole away in a 
shamefaced manner. Eld. White died on his farm in Greene 
county, Missouri, November 22, 1896. 

JOHN W. BURKS. 

John W. Burks was born in Miller county, Missouri, in 

1854, and is the son of Wm. G. and Louisa (Granstaff) 
Burks. Wm. G. was born in Tennessee in 1809. Miss 
Granstaff was born in Tennessee about 1S31. Settled in 
Miller county, Missouri, in 1853. Moved to Callaway in 

1855. Wm. G. died in Callaway April 7, 18S6. John W. 
received his education in Westminster college, Fulton, Mo. 
Taught school three years. Studied law with Hon. I. W. 



I04 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Boulvvare of Fulton. Admitted to the bar at Fulton in 
iSSo. Associated with C. W. Hamlin at Bolivar and 
Humansville in the practice of law. He was married Febru- 
ary, iSSS, to Mrs. Johanna C. (Emmons) Key, a native of 
Callaway county, Missouri. He was a member and agent 
of the board of trustees of Southwest Baptist college. He 
was also clerk of Freedom association in the year 1S8S-89; 
also an active worker in the Sunday school cause. Died in 
Humansville. 

WM. F. BURNES. 

William F. Burnes was born in Greenville county, South 
Carolina, February 15, 1829. His parents were Thomas J. 
and Rebecca (Childress) Burnes. William F. had but little 
schooling ; he learned to read in Sunday school. In his twen- 
tieth year he married Miss Maliney A. Singleton, a native of 
South Carolina. Five children were the fruit of this mar- 
riage, viz: Mary J., Wesley J., Galloway W., Elizabeth 
and Albert, the latter two dead. Their mother (Malviney A.) 
died April 10, 1S58, in Folk county, Missouri. Wm. F. 
married again Septeniber 16, i860, Mary J. Parrish, who was 
born in Polk county, March 13, 1841. Eight children were 
given to them, five living: Hazeltine, wife of W. W. Hig- 
ginbotham; Orleana, wife of Dr. Wm. Nicholas; Darinda 
A., I. V. and DeLacey. Ann died at the age of 19 years, 
Edward and Frank died in infancy. Wm. F. has been a 
member of the Baptist church for a number of years. He is 
at present ('94) a member at Pleasant Hill, six miles east of 
Bolivar. 

DR. ISAAC MARION JONES. 

Dr. Isaac Marion Jones was born in Delaware county, 
Ohio, March 23, 1S41, and is the son of Abraham and Sarah 
(Lewis) Jones, natives of New Jersey. Isaac M. is the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I95 

)'Oungest and only son living, and was married August 30, 
1S5S, to Miss Christina Leffler, of Muskingum county, Ohio. 
Nine children were given to them, of whom four survive: 
James A., Thomas J., Pleasant W. and Mary A. Both 
parents are members of the Bapti^ church. Isaac M. grad- 
uated from the St. Louis Medical college in 1872, and has 
practiced in Polk county since that time. His residence is 
eight miles northwest from Bolivar. Largely through his in- 
fluence the Salem Baptist church was erected in his neighbor- 
hood. The Doctor was chosen as one of the trustees of 
Southwest Baptist college in 1891 and still fills that office 
('96). His time and his money are always freely given for 
church or college work. 

PROF. JULIUS M. LEAVITT. 

Prof. Julius M. Leavitt was born in Coshocton county, 
Ohio, August 18, 1857. He was educated in the public 
schools and in Hopedale Normal college, graduating in 1879, 
and in 1881 he was principal of Hopedale public schools. 
In 1882 he was principal of schools in Effingham, 111., after 
which he took a post-graduate course at Ann Arbor, Mich. 
In that year he was elected professor of higher mathematics in 
the Southwest Baptist college, vice-president in 1884, and 
president in 1886. He received the honorary degree of A. 
M. from Ewing college, Illinois, and Ph. D. from Mt. Leb- 
anon University, Louisiana. 

He was married to Miss Florence J. Baldwin, of Hope- 
dale, Ohio, a graduate of the musical department of Hope- 
dale Normal college and of Dana's Musical Institute, Wai'ren, 
Ohio. She was principal of Hopedale musical department 
for some time, also at Southwest Baptist college. Four chil- 
dren were given to them, the order of their birth as follows: 



iq6 history of polk county baptist association. 

Thomas J., born March i6, iSSo; A. Felch, born Novem- 
ber 26, 18S5; Fred J., born December 31, 1S91 ; Daniel W., 
born August 4, 1896. Prof. Leavitt was in 1894-6 county 
attorney for Polk county. He is a member of Bolivar Bap- 
tist church and a teacher in the Sunday school. His son 
Thomas is also a member, having been converted during the 
o-reat meeting held at the Baptist church in 1S94. 

ELD. J. L. LEONARD. 

Eld. J. L. Leonard was born in Perry county, Missouri, 
December 14. 1865. When one year old, his father moved 
to Webster county, Missouri. His father and mother were 
natives of Missouri and were married in 1859. Her maiden 
name was Hattin and was of Dutch descent and her religion 
was Catholic. His father J. A. Leonard was born in Perry 
county, Missouri, November 19, 1S34. His mother died 
when the subject of our sketch was but six weeks old. After 
a few years his father married again, and this time, to Miss 
Amanda E. Dixon, who proved to be a mother indeed to 
the tender ones committed to her care. There were four 
children by the first wife, and three by the second, five girls 
and two boys. One of the boys died while young. 

Brother John, if he will allow the familiar appellation, 
was called to struggle against the inconveniences of poverty; 
but he was early impressed with a strong desire for an edu- 
cation. To this end he labored, working, day after day, to 
obtain his cherished object. It is but slender wages the farm 
hand receives for his daily toil; but as he acquired a suffi- 
ciency for teaching he was enabled by this means to supply 
his physical and mental wants until at last providentially 
thrown into Southwest Baptist college. In the meantime 
there arose another desire, which he struggled against for a 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I97 

number of years. A desire to preach, or shall we call it a 
divine call? His mind seemed to have no rest until at last he 
yielded without reserve to the Great Arbiter of Destiny, and 
was willing to say. "'Thy will, not mine, O Lord!" Since 
that time he has enjoyed the sweet peace of religious conse- 
cration. He professed faith in Christ in his r4th year and 
was baptized in February, 1880. Was licensed July, 1890, 
and ordained in December, 1891. Since that time he has 
been actively engaged in the ministry, having a church under 
his care in Dallas county, also in Greene, and one in Polk 
county, besides carrying on his studies and reciting in the 
college. He earned and received the degree of A. B. in 
Southwest Baptist college, May 39, 1895. Brother John 
has spent one year in the Southern Baptist Seminary, Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, June 5, 1896. 

DANIEL p. BROCKUS, JR. 

Daniel P. Brockus, jr., was born February 19, 1871, in 
Greene county, Missouri, and is a great-grandson of the la- 
mented veteran of the cross, Eld. Daniel R. Murphy, who 
w^on so many trophies in pioneer service as a defender of the 
faith in the Baptist ranks. Daniel P. was converted in Sep- 
tember, 1887, at a meeting in Webster county, Missouri, 
conducted by Eld. Huber Youngblood. Was licensed to 
preach the everlasting gospel in December, 1890. Attended 
►Southwest Baptist college one term, beginning December 6, 
1890, and continuing to May, 1891. He has exercised his 
gifts as a minister until the present time. In addition to this 
he has taught a number of terms of school in Dallas and 
Polk counties. He has shown considerable talent in the dis- 
cussion of theological subjects in the Baptist paper published 
at Monett. He was ordained to the full work of the minis- 
try March 29, 1896, at Slagle church, Polk county, Missouri. 



IgS HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION'. 

ASA KERBY. 

Asa Kerby was born October 4, 1829, in Howard county, 
Missouri. His parents were John and Mary (Wliorton) 
Kerby, born in Kentucky and Virginia respectively, and mar- 
ried in Kentucky, February 2, 1S25. Located in Howard 
county in 1S28. All the family were Baptists. Asa received 
his education in the old log school house. He worked as a 
hired hand for some time, but has farmed on his own account 
in Howard, Randolph and Polk counties for many years. 
He was married to Miss Susan J. Warford, daughter of John 
and Mary Warford, February 13, 1832. Six children were 
given to them, viz: Mary A., wife of D. K. Griffen, of 
Meade county, Kansas; Sarah E., wife of George W. Ed- 
miston ; John W. ; Fannie M., wife of H. J. F, Caldwell. 
Two died v.'hile young, James B., at five years, and Jennie 
M., at four years of age. Brother Kerby is a deacon in the 
Baptist church. 

ELD. G. H. HIGGINBOTHAM. 

Eld. G. H. Higginbotham was born in Wayne county, 
Kentucky, June i, 1843. At two years of age his father 
moved to Polk county, Missouri. He was reared in Polk 
county, and was married March i, 1S63, to Miss Mary A. 
McKinney, who was also born in Wayne county, Kentucky, 
October 19, 1842. To them were born nine children, seven 
living: John T., Elizabeth R., Mary C, Lucy A., Gideon 
F., James W. and Mattie S. Two deceased were Ella M. 
and Charley W. Eld. G. H. professed hope and was bap- 
tized and was a member of Pleasant Hill church, five miles 
east of Bolivar; but after conceiving that he had found a 
better hope, and one that he could rely upon, he was baptized 
at the request of the church by Eld. Chas. Ingram, in the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. I99 

Pomme de Terre. He was afterward licensed to preach, 
May, 1883. In May, 1888, he received ordination at the 
hands of Elds. G. M. Botts and W. W. Palmer. 

ELD. G. jM. BOTTS. 

Eld. G. M. Botts was born in Randolph county, Mis- 
souri, October 5, 1S48, and received his education in the dis- 
trict schools. He was married to Miss Sarah E. Higgin- 
botham, in Polk county, Missouri, February 13, 1S68. Their 
children were M. M. Ora (wife of I. V. Burnes), born July 
23, 1869; Frank R. M., born April 8, 1S80; Dona R. R., 
born November iS, 1882; Emily B., born January 26, 1884; 
Wm. T. E., born July 20, 1889. Sister Sarah E., the wife 
and mother, was born in Polk county, Missouri, October 16, 
1848. The father of Eld, Botts was born in Virginia Janu- 
ary 9, 181 1. The Elder was converted in 1865, and was or- 
dained on Sunday, January 20, 1884, the presbytery consist- 
ing of Elds. W. A. Wilson and J. W. Haines. 

ELD. JAS. OWEN. 

Eld. Jas. Owen was born in Cannon county, Tennessee, 
October 2, 1834. His father was born in Virginia, and his 
mother in Tennessee. He was married to Lucinda Brown, 
March 30, 1S53. Eight children were given to them, six 
girls and two boys. Eld. Owen was converted November, 
1856, and baptized by Eld. W. Spilman and became a 
inember of Mt. Zion church, Polk county, Missouri, and 
remained as such until the organization of Pleasant Ridge 
church four miles southwest from Mt. Zion. Was licensed 
to preach by the church at Pleasant Ridge, April 16, 1870, 
and ordained November 17, 1889, presbytery consisting of 
Elds. C. F. Fain and F. M. Kelley and deacon Alexander 
Davis, and is at the present time ('97) a member at Pleasant 



200 HISTORY OF TOXK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCrATIOST. 

RiJge. He has occupied his farm of 260 acres near Aldrich^ 
Missouri, since March, 1S53. He has not exercised his 
gifts in the ministry for some time on account of throat 
troubles ; but there are many ways in which men may preach ; 
by example, in which steadfastness in principle may be 
maintained, by precept, in which truth and doctrine shall be 
enforced, by love of the brethren, which indicates a union 
with Christ. 

ELD. SAMUEL W. AILEY. 

Eld. Samuel W. Ailey was born July S, 1S50, in Cal- 
laway county, Missouri. His father was of German descent 
and was raised up in the Lutheran faith. His mother's 
maiden name was Susan C. Millikin. There were three 
children, S. W., James A., and S. E. T. The latter mar- 
ried — Heydon. Eld. Ailey was convicted of sin under 

the preaching of Eld. James Kennon. The text used was 
Jeremiah 8:22. Eld. Kennon baptized him on the first 
Sunday in May, 1S64. Received license to preach Saturday 
before the third Sunday in September, 1872, and was or- 
dained on Tuesday, December 23, 1873. Presbytery was as 
follows: Eld. Jehu Robinson, Geo. W. Kelley, Jacob 
Newhart and deacons Wm. Heydon and Tilman Patterson. 

Eld. Ailey was married October 29, 1874, -to Miss Rutha 
E. Thompson, She has proved to be a helpmeet indeed, a 
true and faithful wife and loving companion. She was born 
March 17, 1855. Professed hope in August, 1871. Bap- 
tized by Eld. G. W. Kelley September 3, 1871. To them 
were given children, two of whom are living. Susan E., the 
eldest, born May 10, 1877; Margaret J., the youngest, born 
November 18, 1878. Both of these professed hope at a 
meeting held by Eld. S. S. Pike at Union Grove. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 20I 

SAMUEL O. GORDON. 

Samuel O. Gordon was born in Washington county, 
Kentucky, February 1 1, 1S15. Was converted at an early 
age, joined the church in Missouri. He was married in 
Kentucky to Elizabeth Askren, October 20, 1S36. His 
children that the Lord has seen fit to bestow upon him are 
John H., born September 15, 1837; Joseph H., born August 
20, 1S39; Wm. A., born January 26, 1S42 ; Mary Ann, 
born December i, 1S44; David W., (deacon), born October 
5, 1S47; Dennis S., born October 3i, 1S50; Ben F., born 
May 9, 1853; Thomas J., born December 3, 1S55. Brother 
Gordon came to Polk county, Missouri, November 29, 1839. 
His children are all living at this time, (May '96) and mem- 
bers of the Baptist church. He has been blessed with long 
life, having lived to see his 80th year and past. He has 
seen the country grow from a wilderness to a well ordered 
civilization; he has observed the churches rising as beacon 
lights to illumine and cheer the dreary waste ; and his own 
children have been involved in the heavenly scheme of eter- 
nal salvation. Surely his has been a happy life! Elizabeth 
(Askren) Gordon was born March r, 1817, died October 
17, 1894. Brother Samuel is a deacon. 

ELD. J. A. NEWPORT. 

Eld. J. A. Newport was born September 19, 1853, in 
Dallas county, Missouri. His father was born in Tennessee 
January 2, 1S30; his mother in Tennessee, July 3, 1831. 
They were married in Dallas county, Missouri, July 14, 
1850. There were given to them 11 children, four of whom 
survive. The subject of our sketch was the third in the order 
of their birth. The opportunities for education were quite 
meager. The schools of his day were inferior, and nothing 



202 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

to compare with the grand system of education of the pres- 
ent day. He was converted September i6, 1S71. Joined 
the church at Bethel, in Dallas county, Missouri. Licensed 
to preach by the church at Conway, in Laclede county, Mis- 
souri, October 5, 1SS9; ordained at the call of the same 
church, August 31, 1S90. The presbytery was composed of 
Elds. W. C. Armstrong, W. N. Cain, P. M. Johnson, R. 
B. Carnett and M. Slaughter, deacons L. L. Beckner, John 
Davis, A. J. Yeary, A. M. Newport, Wm. Williams and F. 
A. Davis. He moved to Bolivar, Mo., December 4, 18S9. 
Entered Southwest Baptist college January i, 1S90, and con- 
tinued in the same four years. He was quite successful In 
missionary work, and was called to the care of a number of 
churches, his time being fully employed up to the present 
time (1S94). He was married November 16, 1S71, to Miss 
P. F. McMillian,of Dallas county, Missouri. Five children 
were born to them, one daughter and four sons, viz: Maggie, 
Wm. L., T. C, J. R., J. H. Death called the daughter 
away August 28, 1883, and the mother died September 28, 
18S2. Joined in marriage a second time with Miss Mary E. 
Mallard, of Dallas county, Missouri, April iS, 18S6. The 
fruit of this marriage was five children, one daughter and 
four sons, viz: Clara, G. W., B. J., L. J. and Roy Wollard, 
born June 14, 1S94. 

ELD. JOHX H. STINECIPHER. 

Eld. John H. Stinecipher was born in Morgan county, 
Tennessee, May 26, 1849. His parents moved to Missouri 
about 1851. He professed religion in 1S61, at the age of 12 
years, in Stone county, Missouri. His parents were pious 
persons, his father a Methodist class-leader, his mother was 
a very earnest and devoted Christian. A careful study of 




HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 203 

baptism, as taught in the New Testament, 
led him to the Baptist church. He was 
baptized by Eld . John Wesley Williams 
in June, 1S62, in Dallas county, Missouri. 
Entered the ministry in 1S67 at the age of 
18 years. For two years he attended 
school, making rails a part of the time to 
pay his board and tuition. During that 
JohnH.Stinecipher. ^5^^^^ preached almost every Sunday, 

and frequently at night in the week. After that he taught in 
the public schools of Dallas county in the fall and winter, 
farming each summer, continuing thus for i3 years. 

He served as missionary for Old Path association two 
years. On account of his wife's illness he gave up mission- 
ary work and devoted himself to pastoral work. His labors 
have been confined to Dallas and adjoining counties. He 
has witnessed about 1200 professions and baptized 802 per- 
sons. Gathered into the churches by letter and restoration 
about 700. Has organized seven churches. Has ever made 
it a rule to preach whatever he believed the Bible to teach, 
regardless of fear or favor. He has engaged in discussion 
with Eld. Edwards, of Spring River association, on the 
points of difference between the missionary and anti-mission- 
ary Baptists. Discussion continued four days. Also, at 
Halfway, in Polk county, Missouri, he entered the lists with 
the redoubtable Eld. Hooton (Campbellite), of Kansas, for 
four days. Also, with Eld. Glover, of Arlington, Mo., 
(Campbellite). In each of these discussions he won the ap- 
probation of approving multitudes. In 1894 he was serving 
the church at Mt. View, in Polk county, and had continued 
in the pastorate of that church for ten years. He was also 
pastor at Buffalo for half time under appointment of the 



204 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 

state board. He was succeeded in the pastorate at Buffalo 
by Eld. L. J. Tatum, of Hickory county, Missouri, and was 
elected trustee of Southwest Baptist college May 28, 1S95. 

B. F. CHAMBERLIN. 

B. F. Chamberlin was born in Jefferson county, West 
Virginia. September 19, 1S46. Came to Missouri with his 
parents February, 1S65. Professed religion and after trying 
for eleven months to be a Presbyterian and taking the Bible 
for his guide he was constrained to join the Baptists, a thing 
that he had determined not to do. He was baptized into the 
fellowship of the church at Mt. Nebo in Cooper county, 
Missouri, November 36, 1S70. Afterward joined Pleasant 
Hill, and subsequently went into the organization of the 
church at Pilot Grove, Cooper county, July 26, 1876. Was 
dismissed by letter from Pilot Grove December, 1883, and 
joined Mt. View, Polk county, Missouri, January, 1884. 
Was married to Miss Mary M., daughter of W. S. M. and 
Martha Barnett, March 34, 1874. To them were given 
nine children, viz: Samuel E., T. Elmore, Lanora E., 
Annie M., John M., Maggie T., Julia M._, Frank Ely, and 
Chas. S., one born since. The first and fourth deceased. 

Brother Chamberlin has served as clerk in the Pilot 
Grove church since its organization up to the time of his re- 
moval to Polk county. Also, he has served on the board of 
missions of the association from the time of joining to the 
time of removal from Cooper. He is now a member of the 
board appointed by the Polk County association, also a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees of Southwest Baptist college. 
He received a license from the church at Mt. View, Febru- 
ary 3, 1894, to preach the unsearchable riches of eternal re- 
demption. May he long be spared to tell the story of the 







.^ . 




IMIt J^H 




1 


"■ 






i 



Eld. and Mrs. B. F. Chamberlin. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 20$ 

cross. He was ordained to the full work of the ministry, 
November 3, 1895. 

ELD, S. S. PIKE. 

Eld. S. S. Pike was born in Polk county, Missouri, 
August 31, 1859. His parents. James M. and Mary Pike 
came from Tennessee in an early day and shared in the 
hardships of pioneer life. James M. Pike was the father of 
twenty-one children. The opportunities for an education in 
the early settlement of the country were poor indeed. He 
was early impressed, on hearing the preaching of the gospel, 
with the necessity of salvation, he went to the altar of prayer 
and embraced what he thought was a hope in Christ, and 
joined the Baptist church at Slagle Creek and was baptized 
by Eld. G. W. White. About four years he tried, as best 
he could, to live a Christian life; but realizing that he had no 
religion, he asked the church to take his name off the church 
book. 

He remained thus until 1S85. when he listened to 
some preaching by Eld. J. W. Haines, at what is known as 
Frog Pond school house, eight miles southeast from Bolivar. 
This preaching service caused him to think and to study, and 
in July of 1SS5 he attended a protracted meeting at the same 
place and was led to Christ and received an unmistakable 
change, and was properly received into the church at Brigh- 
ton, Polk count}^ Missouri, being baptized by Eld. J. F. 
Williams, (missionary of Greene county association). 

He was licensed to preach the gospel October 16, 1886, 
and afterward a council was called consisting of Elds. D. T. 
Baucom, J. W. Haines, I. Ingram, M. Slaughter and W. 
J. Hunter who examined and recom.mended that the church 
authorize his ordination, which was done. He then took the 



2o6 HISTORY OF POXK COTJNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOK. 

cai'e of Providence church one year, after which he was 
employed by Polk County association as missionary, and 
then pastor of the church at Turkey Creek. 

He was married October 13, i8Si,to Mrs. Lizzie Pierce 
(nee Ryan) who was born in Polk county, Missouri, Septem- 
ber 26, 1S59. Her parents, Wm. and Rebecca Ryan, came 
from Tennessee at the first settling of Missouri. To S. S. 
and Lizzie were given five children; four of them living, one 
dead. The living ones are, in the order of their birth, as 
follov/sr Stella M., born April 8, 1SS3, Henry ShelburUy 
born October 27, 1SS9; Resie, born August iS, 1S91 ; Boney 
Hubert, born October 11, 1S93. Eld. Pike received a 
second appointment as missionary of Polk County association. 
He is at present date ('94) pastor of Slagle Creek and Con- 
cord churches in Polk county, and Oak Grove church in 
Cedar county, Missouri. 

MRS. ESTHER M. LOVELACE. 

Biography of Mrs. Esther M. Lovelace (nee Sanford), 
who came to Southwest Baptist college as an instructor and 
assistant in mathematics. She taught in the college during 
that year and at different times since. She came from 
Marion, Wayne county, New York. Her father, Merritt 
Sanford, is a son of Stephen Sanford, a pioneer of western 
New York, and a native of Tiverton, Rhode Island. He 
belonged to the Sanford family that came from England in 
early colonial days and settled in different parts of New Eng- 
land. Her mother, Eliza J. Sanford, is a descendant of the 
Sharp, or Van Sharpenstien family, as it was formerly called. 
The history of this family is closely connected with that of 
the Mohawk valley. Her maternal grandmother was Jane 
Carpenter, a descendant of Gen. Carpenter, a follower of 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 207 

Cromwell, who came to America as an exile, after the restor- 
ation of the Stuarts. 

Merritt Sanford and wife are still living' on a part of the 
old Sanford homestead, where they settled after their mar- 
riage. They have four children, Esther Marion, born De- 
cember 34, 1863; Chester Grant, born February 34, 1864; 
Lillias Eugenia, born October 34, 1866; Willis Eugene, born 
March 3i, 1S70. During a revival, when Esther was about 
12 years old, she was converted, but did not unite with the 
■church until some years later, when she joined the Park Bap- 
tist church, Ithaca, N. Y. Her elder brother and her sister 
afterward joined the Marion Baptist church, of which their 
father is a member. Their mother is a Presbyterian. The 
children received their early education at the same district 
school which their father attended, and their grandfather 
helped to build. 

At the age of 14 the subject of this sketch entered 
Marion Collegiate Institute. At 16 she began teaching in 
the schools of Wayne county. New York, and by attending 
school in winter, and teaching during vacation, she completed 
the classical course at 18, graduating with the class of 1881. 
Her brother and sister also attended Marion Institute. Lillias 
graduated in 18S7, Chester in 18SS. The latter afterward 
attended the University of Rochester, and graduated in 1893, 
with the degree of A. B. He also received the honor of the 
Phi Beta Kappa key. After graduating he married Louise 
Nevergoll, of Rochester, and has since been principal of the 
Candor Union school in Tioga county. New York. He has 
one child, Frederick Merritt, born Jul}- 19, 1S93. While in 
Bolivar, in 1S89, Lillias taught in the college for some 
months to fill a vacancy. She completed her education at 
the Genesee state normal, Genesee, N. Y. She has since 



2o8 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOlV. 

been teaching in the Warrensburg Union school, near Lake 
George. The younger brother, Willis, is engaged in busi- 
ness in Rochester. 

After leaving the institute Esther taught for three years, 
and in 1SS4 entered Cornell university. While in the uni- 
versity she was made a member of the Delta Gamma fra- 
ternity. After two years she left to accept a position in 
Southwest Baptist college. She was married to Archibald 
A. Lovelace February 9, 1SS7. Mr. Lovelace came to Bol- 
ivar in 1S67. He was the son of Levi and Sallie (Lazenby)* 
Lovelace, and was born in Wilkesboro, North Carolina. 
His parents removed to Franklin county," Missouri, when he 
was an infant, where he lived until his removal to Bolivar. 
A. A. and E. M. Lovelace had four children: Lucy Al- 
vard, born November 13, 1887 ; Levi Sanford, born January 
19, 18S9; Archie Alexander, born November 5, 1890; 
Elizabeth Eliza, born December 2, 1S93. Lucy, who was a 
very interesting child, was taken to her higher home just as 
her influence was beginning to be felt in her home below. 
She passed away on the 21st of October, 1S92. 

MRS. ELLA COWEN (pRATHER) BEAGLE. 

Ella Cowen (Frather) Beagle was born in Saline county, 
Missouri. At one year of age her parents settled in Colum- 
bia, Missouri, and have remained there to the present year. 
Miss Ella was one of five children, four girls and one boy. 
Her father, Thos. D. Frather was a native of Tennessee. 
The mother, B. C. Cowen, was born in Kentucky. Ella C. 
was educated in Stephens college, Columbia. Graduated in 
vocal music under Miss Delia Angle and was also a pupil 
of Madam Edna Hall, of Boston, Mass. The next year, 
1889, she graduated in instrumental music under Frof. E. M. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



209 



Goldberg, of Leipsic, Germany, and again she graduated in 
vocal music under Anita R. Bibbins of N. E. Conservatory 
of Music, Boston, Mass. In September, 18S9, she accept- 
ed the position of teacher in music in Southwest Baptist 
college, and held the position for four years. Two of her 
sisters are teachers and the brother is a druggist. One 
daughter at home. Miss Ella was married at her home in 
Columbia, Missouri, October 29, 1S96, to Mr. Charles Le- 
roy Beagle, a citizen of Bolivar, Missouri, where, at the 
present time, they are located, and Mr. Beagle is engaged 
with Jas. C. Weaver in the successful prosecution of the 
milling business. 

JESSE HOWARD MURRAY. 

Jesse Howard Murray was born in Washington county, 
Tennessee, May 9, 1820. He moved to Dade county, Mis- 
souri, in 1S54, and four years later to Polk county, where he 
continued his residence until October, 1SS5, he went to Mer- 
cer county, Missouri, where he died, May 7, 1SS6. He was 
converted in 1S41. His wife's name is not given ; but the 
fruit of their marriage is three daughters and five sons. 
Some of them are honored members of Mt. Zion church in 
Polk county, Missouri. One of the daughters married 
brother George Hale. Two of the sons, Nathan and John, 
are well-to-do farmers. Their children are all members of 
the Baptist church. The youngest son of Jesse H. Murray, 
Samuel W., is a Baptist minister, living in Mercer county, 
Missouri. Many pleasant hours has the writer spent in the 
home of the brother whose name heads this sketch. The 
prayer is, that our social joys may be continued in the land 
of the blest. 



2IO HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

JOHN H. BAKER. 

John H, Baker was born in Ross county, Ohio, March 
13, 1S65. In company with his parents, Wm. H. and Nancy 
Baker, in September, 1869, came to St. Clair county, Mis- 
souri, and settled two and one-half miles from Lowry City. 
Parents were natives of Ross county, Ohio. In the fall of 
1S78, after having sought the Saviour several months, he ob- 
tained a hope, and on October 3d was buried in the liquid 
grave, thus professing to the world his death to sin and res- 
urrection to walk in newness of life. On February 21, 1888, 
was married to Miss Susie R. Boyd, a native of Missouri, 
born November 2, 1867. He was early impressed with a de- 
sire to preach the gospel, and was licensed by the church 
January 24, 1891. Feeling that his preparation was insuf- 
ficient to meet the demands of the day, he moved to Bolivar, 
Missouri, September, 1892, and after much trial and serious 
difficulty, in a financial way, he entered Southw^est Baptist 
college, and received degree of A. B. June 2, 1896. 

- REUBEN C. SLAGLE. 

Reuben C. Slagle was born in Polk count}-, Missouri, 
November 5, 1834. His father, Abram, came to Missouri 
in 183 1. His mother, Martha (Lunsford) Slagle, came to 
Missouri in 1832. and both settled in Polk county and were 
married December 24, 1833. Twelve children were given 
to them, of whom the subject of our sketch was the oldest. 
The schools of an early day were subscription schools, and 
the school house was a log cabin, with or without a floor, as 
it might happen. One log left out for a window. The 
teacher was supposed to be well versed in Pike's arithmetic, 
where the intricacies of pounds, shillings and pence were dis- 
cussed. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 2X1 

Brother Reuben was converted at a meeting conducted 
by Eld. Robt. Ross at Slagle. Four years after this, at the 
age of 3 1, he joined the church, and now in riper years he is 
convinced he inflicted a wrong upon himself and others by 
delaying his baptism, and would by this means advise all 
truly converted persons to be baptized immediately. Brother 
Reuben was married to Miss Elizabeth Jane Pike, July 9, 
1S56, who died without issue December 2, 1S60. He was 
married a second time to Miss Sarah A. Mitchell, Septem- 
ber 12, 1S67. Three children were born to them, viz: Mar- 
tha Jane, born April 25, 1869, died January 19, 1S73; the 
second, Annie M., was born February i, 1S71 ; the third, 
Sarah E., was born January 24, 1876. Sarah Angeline, the 
wife, was born June 2, 1847. At the present time both are 
living and members of the church at Slagle. Their children 
are also members with them. The first wife, Elizabeth Jane, 
was born March 10, 1837. Brother Slagle has been clerk 
of the church for a number of years. He has been justice of 
the peace 18 years, and still holds the office. He is mer- 
chandising at Slagle in connection with brother J. P. Brock. 
He was elected judge of the county court of Polk county, 
Missouri, November 3, 1896. 

W. S. BARNETT. 

W. S. Barnett was born August 28, 1802, near Green- 
ville, South Carolina. He married Miss Minerva Thruston 
January 12, 1833. Both converted early in life and joined 
the Baptist church in their native state. Emigrated to Mis- 
souri and located in Morgan county in 1833. God gave them 
eleven children, ten of whom they lived to see grown and 
married and members of the Baptist church. They moved 
to St. Louis county, and from thence in 1869 they settled in 



212 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION". 

Polk county. He joined the church at Mt. View, and sacri- 
ficed much in the erection of the church-house at that place. 
While yet quite old and decrepit he worked on the roof, say- 
ing that he wanted that building to preach for him when he 
was gone. He served as trustee of the church until his 
death, which event occurred September i, 1875. 

W. S. M. Barnett, son of W. S. Barnett, was born in 
Morgan county, Missouri, November i, 1834. Converted 
and joined the Baptist church in 1S53. He married Miss 
Martha L. Blue January 28, 1857. Three children were 
born to them, viz: Mary, wife of B. F. Chamberlain, Mon- 
roe P. and Wm. T., both deceased. Brother W. S. M. was 
ordained a deacon July, 1S60. Joined at Mt. View, 1S71. 
He was trustee of Southwest Baptist college four years. He 
was among the contributors to the college and an advocate 
for Christian education. 

GEORGE W. DAVIS. 

George W. Davis was born in McMinn county, Tennes- 
see, August 27, 1S30, the son of Isaac and Dorcas (Plunkett) 
Davis, who were born in Tobias county, North Carolina. 
Brother George W. was married January 28, 1S51, to Miss 
Martha L. Hale. To them was given one son, W. T., born 
December 22, 185 1. Martha L. died in Benton count}^ Ar- 
kansas, October 16, 18S8, at the town of Siloam. She was 
born May 10, 1833. She did not join any church, but died 
in hope, trusting in a Saviour. 

The subject of our sketch was converted about the age of 
17, and is at present ('94) a member of Slagle Creek church. 
Brother George was married a second time to Mrs. Mary 
Jane Johnson, relict of the late Jasper Johnson, February 
17, 1S90. She is a native of Tennessee. When she was 




Prof. Asa B. Bvsh. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 213 

one year old her parents brought her from Tennessee to Polk 
county, Missouri. Her father, Alfred Taylor, died on the 
plains in the great emigration to California in 1S50. Her 
mother, Mary, died in Grayson county, Texas, April 13, 
1 888. She was a member of church at Campbell's Grove, 
and had been^a pious member of church for 33 years. 

JAMES p. BROCK. 

James P. Brock was born May 33, 1861, in Polk county, 
Missouri. His parents were Terrill and Amanda (Gilmore) 
Brock. His father died while James was quite young; his 
mother was yet living in 1894. His education was such as 
usually found in the public schools. He was converted at 
the age of 15 years, joined church at Slagle, and was licensed 
by Slagle church in October, 1891, and has exercised his 
gifts in preaching in the neighborhood of Slagle. He was 
married August i, 18S0, to Miss Alice Johnson. To them 
the Lord has given two children, Ina L. and Carroll Wade. 
Sister Alice died January 19, 1S91. Brother Brock was 
married to Miss Fannie Belle Slagle, March 6, 1893. His 
occupation in 1894 was that of merchant, in connection with 
R. C. Slagle, of the town of Slagle, Polk county, Missouri. 
He was ordained to the full work of the ministry M^rch 39, 
1896, at Slagle church, in Polk count}, and is ('96) living 
on his farm near Wishart. 

ASA B. BUSH. 

Asa B. Bush, son of George F. and Joanna (Spring- 
ton) Bush, was born at Newberne, Gilmer county, 
Virginia (now West Virginia), September 6, 1S59. His 
parents were ardent friends of education, and strove to give 
their children the best educational advantages they could ob- 
tain. The subject of this sketch passed his childhood in at- 



214 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

tending school in winter and doing a boy's chores on the 
farm in summer. At the age of sixteen he began teaching, 
and continued in this work until be had taught three years in 
the public schools, teaching and attending school alternately. 
Having completed a preparatory course, he entered the Uni- 
versity of West Virginia at Morgantown, and remained there 
six years as under-graduate and post-graduate, taking the de- 
gree of A. B. in 1885. A year before his graduation the 
executive committee of the Board of Regents, upon recom- 
mendation of the faculty, appointed him tutor in Greek and 
mathematics, and in the following year the board elected him 
assistant professor of ancient languages. After holding this 
position one year, and completing a post-graduate course in 
science, he was elected assistant principal of Shepherdstown 
State Normal school, situated at Shepherdstown, West Vir- 
ginia. At the close of the first year he was made principal 
and remained in this position four years, having the pleasure 
to see the school constantly increasing in numbers and ef- 
ficiency under his management. 

Vacations were spent in holding institutes, lecturing on 
educational subjects, and traveling in the interest of his 
school. In this way much experience, as well as knowledge 
of other schools, was obtained. September 4, 1889, he mar- 
ried Miss Kate Richmond, daughter of Judge Hamp Rich- 
mond, of Louisiana, Missouri, and a graduate of McCune 
college. In the summer of 1S91 he accepted the presidency 
of Coushatta Male and Female college, Coushatta, La., 
where he remained but one year, removing to Missouri on 
account of the ill-health of his wife and little child, Anna 
Richmond Bush. 

Prof. Bush was elected to the chair of Mathematics and 
Modern Languages in Southwest Baptist college in 1893, and 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 215 

occupied two years. He was then called to preside over 
Walton college, in Guthrie, Kentucky. At the end of one 
year at that place he accepted the position of president of 
Southwest Baptist college, and in September, 1S95, began 
work, and has continued to the present {'^'j). He brought 
two of his students with him from Guthrie. 

His daughter, Annie Richmond, who was born December 
23, 1890, died December 21, 1895, Judge H, Richmond, 
the grandfather, died a few days after, and both the grand- 
father and little Annie are waiting for the bodies, which lie 
buried near Louisiana, Missouri. 

ELD. J. W. MAYFIELD. 

Eld. J. W. Mayfield was born in Polk county, Missouri, 
January II, 1856. Born again in 1873. United with the 
Baptist church. Providence, Polk countv, then moved his 
membership to Rock Prairie church, which licensed him to 
preach in the year 1879, and which also called for his ordina- 
tion, which was done April 37, 1884, by the followino- pres- 
bytery, viz: Elds. J. H. Highfill, D. P. Brockus, G. B. 
Mitchell and W. B. Epps. Since that time Eld. Mayfield 
has occupied the pulpit in the churches of Polk, Greene and 
Dallas counties, and is actively engaged proclaiming the gos- 
pel word at the present time. 

He was married to Miss Ada E. Roberts, June 16, 
1881. The children given them were Oscar A., born Oc- 
tober3, 1883; Bessie B., born February 16, 1885; Arthur 
Clyde, born February 26, 1887; Chloe, born April 9, 18S9; 
Ray, born October 31, 1892. Ada, the mother, was born in 
Polk county, Missouri, February 3, 1863. Her father, E. 
P. S. Roberts, was born in Lexington, Missouri, January 
24, 1S33, anc^ her mother, Sarah R. Roberts, daughter of 



2l6 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOBf. 



f'^pv/k^^ seat of Greene county, 
^, -rVV^:. Wil'^^-'N^ 1S26. His parents we 



J. W. Haines. 



Eld. Elijah Williams, was born in Polk county, Missouri, 
January 35, 1S36. Eld. Mayfield is at present writing ('96) 
pastor of Rock Prairie church and preaching two Sundays 
in the month. 

ELD. J. W. HAINES. 

Eld. J. W. Haines, the compiler 
of events in this book, was born near 
Oldtown on the Little Miami river, 
three miles from Xenia, the county 

Ohio, March 6, 
were Reuben and 
Nancy (Connelly) Haines, who were 
born, the former in Old Virginia in, 
or near Winchester, the latter supposed 
to have been born in Virginia. They 
were married in Greene county, Ohio, 
April 25, 1S25. His father was born and bred a Quaker 
until his majority, or at the age of 21, he was excluded on 
account of marrying out of the church. He would also suf- 
fer himself to muster on the days of military parade. 

The subject of this sketch was the oldest of ten children, 
five of whom were born to Reuben and Nancy (Connelly), 
and five to Elizabeth T. (Baker. ) The parents and five of 
the children have passed over the leaden river. The re- 
maining five must follow on. The parents were Methodists 
at the time of their death and brought up their children in 
that faith ; but the eldest, by a strange providence, was led 
to embrace the faith as propagated by the Baptists, which 
event occured in the year 1S53, in the town of Palmyra, 
Marion county, Missouri. The next year he was licensed 
by the church at Palmyra and sent to the Baptist Male and 
Female seminary at the above place. In the year 1855, Au- 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 217 

gust 2, he was married to Miss Mary Elizabeth Wilkerson. 
Five children is the fruitage of this marriage. The mother 
and two of the children have bidden a final farewell to earth. 
The remaining ones are now grown and married. Their 
names in the order of their birth are, Mary J. (Holder), Wi- 
ley Green, Martha F. (Owen). In September, 1S76, J. W. 
Haines was married a second time, to ]Mrs. Jemima Dwyer 
of Dade county, Missouri. She was the fortunate possessor 
of two children, Emily V. and Wm. E. Dwyer. One has 
been added who is called Israel, born August 14, 1S77, in 
Cedar county, Missouri. The writer was licensed by the 
church at Palmyra, Missouri, in 1854, and ordained to the 
full work of the ministry in i860, at the call of the church at 
Littleby, in Audrain county, Missouri, the presbytery consist- 
ing of Elds. Nathan Ayres and Robert Painter. 

Since writing the foregoing, a cousin, D. T. Haines, of 
Muncie, Indiana, has sent a brief history of the Haines fam- 
ily as follows: "Richard Haines, a member of the Quaker 
sect, lived in Northampton county, England, and was born 
about the year 1643. His wife's name was Margaret. The 
maiden name not known. They had four sons: John, Wm. 
Richard and Joseph. They all emigrated to America in the 
year 16S3, on board the ship Amity, Richard Diamand, 
master. Richard, the father, died on board the vessel, and 
Joseph was born on the same vessel. The wife and children 
settled in West Jersey. Richard jr. married Mary Carlisle. 
Their oldest named Abraham, settled in Frederick county, 
Virginia, and died in 1^60. Their son Robert, married 
Elizabeth Harseman. Robert was born about 1740. The 
children given to Robert and Elizabeth were Nathan, John, 
Robert, Samuel and Noah. John married Elizabeth Allen. 
There were born to them eight children. The fifth was 



2l8 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Reuben, the father of the one who writes this sketch. The 
reader may observe that here is a record reaching over a 
period of 252 years. If all this host can meet in heaven and 
enjoy its felicity, surely, we may say, "What a happy meet- 
ing that will be!" 

ELD. NOAH J. STINECIPHER. 

Eld. Noah J. Stinecipher was born January 19, 1852, 
in Greene county, Missouri. Professed religion August, 
1866. United with the Baptist church at Pleasant Hill, Dal- 
las county, Missouri. Baptized by Eld. C. L. Alexander, 
October, 1866. Licensed to preach September 29, 1882, or- 
dained January 9, 1S84. Except four years of missionary 
labor, he has been pastor of two to four churches. He mar- 
ried Miss Madoria P. Wright, daughter of Eld. W^m. 
Wright (deceased). Two children were born to them. The 
oldest died in infancy. The youngest, Efhe Susan, survives. 
After six or eight years had elapsed Eld. S, married again. 
This time to Miss Sarah Strickland, sister of Eld. Z. T. 
Strickland and niece of Elds. Wm., Frank and Robert Law- 
ler. To them were born one son and two daughters. The 
son died in infancy. The girls are named Pearl and Obedi- 
ence. Eld. N. J. is pastor of New Hope church, Dallas 
county, Missouri (1895). 

Z. T. SIMMONS. 

Z. T. Simmons was born in Marion county, Missouri, 
near Ebenezer church, west of the village of Philadelphia, 
September 27, 1848. He was married to Miss Martha J. 
Barrett November 22, 1872. She was born in the same com- 
munity near Ebenezer, September 18, 1852. The fruit of 
this union was two children, viz: Lena M. and Clyde. Lena 
was born in Marion county, Missouri, September 29, 1873. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 219 

Clyde was born in Marion county, Missouri, July 6, 1875. 
Sketches given in Book IV. Brother Simmons is a first-class 
carpenter and works steadily at his trade. He is also profi- 
cient in the department of musjc and leads the choir in the 
Baptist church at Bolivar. He is quite liberal with his well 
earned money and gives to every interest rightly demanding 
support. Moved to Webb City, Missouri, April, '96. 

WILLIS J. TILLER. 

Willis J. Tiller was born in Warren county, Kentucky, 
March 10, iSiS. He was raised by pious parents and pro- 
fessed religion in his 15th year; was baptized soon after by 
Eld. D. L. Mansfield. He moved with his parents to Mis- 
souri in 1839; joined Providence church in Polk county, 
Missouri, in 1840, and served as clerk a year or two. In 
1843 or 44 he withdrew from Providence and joined Friend- 
ship church in Upshur Prairie in the southeast corner of the 
county. This church dissolved in three or four years, and 
lettered off its members w'ho were in good standing. Bro. 
Tiller held his letter until about 1861 or 62, and put it in the 
church at Brighton. " Let me say to the reader: Never hold 
your church letter any longer than you have an opportunity to 
put it in a church ; for I grew wild, neglected my duties, went 
on from bad to worse, drinking some, though never in the 
mire, yet I saw the course I was pursuing would not do. It 
was leading me down, and leading others down to perdition. 
When I put my letter in the church at Brighton I promised 
my God, if He would forgive me for the way I had done, I 
would lead a different life, and for the last thirty years I have 
tried to do my duty, and I feel the Lord has blessed me in my 
efforts to serve Him. A few years ago I was aflfliicted with 
that terrible disease called cancer, and expected to be eaten 



220 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

up with it. I prayed fervently to Jesus to have mercy on me 
and save me from such a death. I got well. Should I not 
dear reader, bless and praise His holy name forever and 
ever.^" Bro Tiller has been married several times. Nine 
children have been given to him. Four are gone to the bet- 
ter land. Two of them sweet babes, and two of them grown. 
These left evidence that they were prepared to die. The five 
who are living are all professors of religion. There will be 
a happy reunion some day, an unbroken family, singing 
praises about the throne of God. 

ELD. THOMPSON PITTS. 

Eld. Thompson Pitts was born in Logan county, Ken- 
tucky, in the year 1808. Professed faith in Christ at an 
early age and joined the Baptist church and began preaching 
in his native state. In 184 1 he moved to Missouri and set- 
tled in Hickory county, two miles west of Pittsburg and 
lived there until his death which occurred in the fall of 1863, 
or 1863. Eld. Pitts was one of the pioneer Baptist preach- 
ers. He, with others, was in the organization of the first 
Baptist association in Hickory county. He cheerfully en- 
dured all the privations of a new country, preaching, baptiz- 
ing and officiating in all the business of the church, and all 
the o-ood he did in the service of God cannot be told. Eld. 
Pitts was a meek and lowly follower of the blessed Saviour, 
and died In the faith. Eld. Pitts had a wife and six sons, 
all of whom are dead but two sons. 

ELD. W. N. HATFIELD. 

Eld. W. N. Hatfield was born July 2, 1849, in Cooper 
county, Missouri. His father, T. W. Hatfield, was a native 
of Tennessee, and his mother of Pennsylvania. Eld. W. 
N. Hatfield was converted November, 1867, at Mt. Carmel 
church, Morgan county, Missouri, under the preaching of 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 221 

Eld. Shannon Akin and baptized by him in November, 1S67. 
Licensed by order of the church at Bethel in St. Clair coun- 
ty, Missouri. Ordained to the full work of the ministry by 
the church at Mt. Zion, in Dallas county, Missouri, .the 
presbytery consisting of Elds. D. Hitson, H. C. Ayres, W. 
D. Cheek, Joseph Musteen and Wm. Hoover, and has 
since been constantly employed as pastor of from one to 
four churches, and a portion of the time engaged as mission- 
ary. Was married to Miss Nancy Ann Orsburne, May 30, 
1S69, in Dallas county, Missouri. Sister Nancy was born 
April 14, 1850, in above county and was converted in 1S68 
and united with the Presbyterians; but afterward united with 
the Baptist church at Mt. Zion, being baptized by Eld. E. 
D. Fortner. The children born to them in the order of their 
birth were Joiney, James Robert, Martha Belle, and John 
\VilIiam. Four in number. 

FRANCIS TILLERY. 

Francis Tillery was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, July 
4, 1834. Professed religion in his 30th year and united with 
the church at Third Creek in Knox county, Tennessee. 
Married to Miss Margaret Ann Kelley, November 38, 1844. 
She professed religion and united with the church at Third 
Creek. Moved to Missouri and settled in Polk county and 
tmited with the church at Brush Grove. Afterward became 
members in the organization of the church at Humansville, 
called Senter. In a year or two brother Frank was ordained 
a deacon b}/ said church. Afterward he and his wife united 
with the church at Rondo, called Mission Chapel, where 
they are at this writing active members. Brother Tillery 
has exercised a great influence in the maintenance of the 
churches in which he has lived. He has been successful in 
the prosecution of his business affairs and now owns exten- 



222 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATTO:^^. 

sive tracts of farm land adorned with elegant residences. 
His rents are bringing a handsome revenue, which it is hoped 
is ample to sustain him in the decline of life. His purse is 
not closed to the calls of the church and the great mission 
work. 

The ancestors of brother Tillery emigrated from Eng- 
land, as supposed, on the father's side, and on the mother's 
side from Germany. In the father's family were thirteen 
children, as follows: Sarah, Samuel, Barbara Ann, John, 
Andrew, Francis. Thomas, Phoebe, Jacob F. and Mary E., 
twins, Harriett Elizabeth, William and James. Of these 
thirteen children, Sarah, Samuel, Barbara Ann, Andrew, 
Phoebe, Harriett Elizabeth and James are dead. To Fran- 
cis, the subject of this sketch, and Margaret Ann, two chil- 
dren were born, viz: Ann Eliza, who was married to James 
Mashburn, July 6, iS66, and Samuel S. who was married 
to Miss Frances Brown. Ann Eliza was born December 
31, 1S4S. Samuel S. was born April 2, 1857. Samuel S. 
and wife are living in Humansville, Missouri, and are en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits. 

JESSE BEWLEY. 

Jesse Bewley was born April 15, 1837, in Barren 
county, Kentucky. Was married to Miss Mary J. Davis 
October 18, 1855. Moved to Missouri in the spring of 1856. 
Settled in Henry county for a season and afterward settled 
in Polk county, where he still lives. Converted in 1870 and 
united with the church at Oak Grove. To brother Bewley 
and Mary J. were born seven children as follows: Nancy 
Elizabeth, Sarah Ann, John W., James Thomas, George W., 
Julia B., and Mary I. All these are living ('94) except 
George W., and all are professors of religion. Mary J., the 
wife, died September 12, 1868. 



HISTORY OF POLK COVTSTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION*. 2^3 

Brother Jesse Bewley was married a second time to 
Miss Ada T. Spilman in Polk county. February 26, 1S71. 
Five children were given to them, viz: Eliza J., Jacob, 
Cora A., and Ada. (One is omitted.) All of the children 
are dead but Ada. Eliza J., died February 10, 1872. Jacob 
died January 28, 1874. Cora A. died September 4. 1S77. 
Ada Spilman, the wife, died January 28, 1880. She was 
converted and united with the church at Mt. View in Polk 
countv. The first wife was not a member of the church. 
Ada, the daughter of the second wife, made a profession of 
religion in 1894. Brother Bewley married a third time to 
Mrs. C. E. (Haines) Odum, October 7, 18S0, in Polk 
county, Missouri. No children were given to them. Sister 
C. E. was converted at the age of 14 and united with the 
Methodists and remained with them until the fall of 1893, 
when she united with the Baptist church at Turkey Creek in 
Polk county. 

ELD. OBADIAH SMITH. 

Eld. Obadiah Smith was a native of Kentuck}-, and Lu- 
cinda, his wife, was born in North Carolina. They settled 
at an early day in Howard county, Missouri, whither they 
had immigrated with their parents. They were married in 
that countv about 1S32, and came to Cedar county, then 
called Rives. Thev made a home in the wilderness where 
Indians and wild animals abounded. Eld. Smith began his 
theological studies soon after his first marriage. He was an 
able minister and a large landholder. He served in the 
Black Hawk war. After his return from the legislature, 
session of 1862—63, he was shot in his door yard while stand- 
ing by the side of his wife. Eld. Smith's first wife was a 
sister of his second wife. Six children were born to the 
second wife. These are outlines. The molding influences 



224 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

of a man's life and character can never be fully estimated. 
The presumption is, they will be properly measured in the 
world to come. A corrected account of Eld. Smith's life is 
seen in Duncan's History, where he is reported to have been 
born August 6, iSo6. He was married four times. The 
first and second wives were sisters, (Hartman). The one 
who survived him was named Eliza Preston. He was or- 
dained at the call of Cedar church in Cedar county, Missouri, 
Elds. Wm. Tatum and D. R. Murphy the presbytery. Eld. 
Smith was an itinerant as well as pastor in the bounds of 
Cedar association. 

SAMUEL A. DEROSSETT. 

Samuel A. Derossett was born November i6, 1S34, in 
Roane county, Tennessee, and moved with his parents to 
Missouri in 1841 ; settled on Slagle Creek in Polk county. 
His father's name was John and his mother's name was 
Martha (Pritchett) Derossett. They were born in Virginia 
and North Carolina respectively. Bro. Derossett, the subject 
of our sketch, was converted in 1850, baptized by Eld. I. In- 
gram, and united with the church at Slagle Creek. Married 
April 7, 1857, to Miss Margaret Adeline Slagle, daughter of 
John Slagle. Brother and Sister Derossett have suffered with 
various afflictions that have kept them on the border of death 
for a long time, and strange to say their temporal affairs have 
prospered wonderfully. They are at this time, '96, able to 
attend church, and it is their delight to be found at their reg- 
ular church meetings. The first preacher Bro. Derossett 
ever heard was Eld. D. R. Murphy in the old Zumwalt house 
near where Uncle Cal. Davis lived, and about lyi miles from 
Enon. At the Zumwalt house Enon church was first or- 
ganized. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 2 25 

ELD. M. A. WOLFE. 

Eld. M. A. Wolfe was born in Greenwood, Johnston 
county, Indiana. Moved with his parents, Dr. G. W. and 
Marie B. Wolfe to Howard county, Indiana, (a part of the 
Miami Indian Reserve, Kokomo being the county seat.) 
Here he grew to manhood on the farm, with meagre oppor- 
tunities foran education. On the second day of April, 1865, 
he was united in marriage to Miss L. J. Collins and in the 
winter of 1S67 both were converted and added to the church 
at Alto under the pastorate of Eld. P. McDade. In 1868 
he moved with his wife and two small children to Vernon 
county, Missouri. Feeling strongly impressed to preach the 
gospel he became an active member in the church, and the 
church, being convinced of his call to the ministry, called a 
presbytery, and on the fourth Sunday in March, 1871, set 
him apart to the full work of the ministry. This was done 
by request of Old Sulphur Spring's church, of which he ,has 
been pastor for 17 years and up to the present ('94). He has 
preached for other churches as follows: Schell City, Sheldon, 
Olive Branch, Osage Valley, Blue Mound, Liberty, Glade 
Spring, Eldorado Springs, Second church of Nevada. 
These churches are all in Nevada association. He also 
preached one year in Cedar County association for Old Cedar 
church. During these years he has baptized hundreds of 
converts. 

In 1873, feeling the need of better preparation to preach, 
he went to William Jewell college; but being short of means 
he only went one term, but has since pursued his studies at 
home as best he could. In 18S4 or 5 he became connected 
with the Southwest Baptist college as financial agent, and 
raised several hundred dollars and was a member of the 
board of council. He has had some opportunities for worldly 



226 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

honor, being nominated by the people of his county for the 
Legislature; but declined the honor, believing that he had a 
more honorable position than could be conferred upon him. 
In faith he is an unflinching, uncompromising Baptist of the 
landmark order, believing that though there are many con- 
verted people among other denominations, they are human 
orgfanizations and not churches. 

ROBERT FRANKLIN CONLEY. 

Robert Franklin Conley was born in Montgomery coun- 
ty, Missouri, December 20, 1832. His father was born in 
Fauquier county, Virginia. His mother, Elizabeth (Beatty) 
Conley, w^as born in Montgomery county, Kentucky, and in 
the latter county, in the year 1828, they were married. Elev- 
en children were born to them, in the order of their birth as 
follows: John Beatty, Geo. Washington, Robert Franklin, 
Jas. Henderson, Lucretia, Charles, Cornelius, Sarah Lee, 
Harvey, David, Thomas. Five of these are living, John B., 
Robert F., Cornelius, Harvey and Thomas. The subject of 
our sketch, Robert F., was married to Miss Janetta Rogers 
in Adair county, Missouri, May 20, 185S. Their children 
that were given them were Josiah, Joseph, Anna Elizabeth, 
John William, Susan. Three of these, Joseph, John W., 
and Susan were living in 1S94. Bro. Robert F. was con- 
verted in 1854 and joined Bear Creek church in Adair county, 
Missouri. His wife had joined the same church before her 
marriage. Bro. Conley was elected and ordained a deacon 
in Bear Creek church in 1867, and still holds the office in the 
church at Rondo, in Polk county, Missouri, called Mission 
Chapel, 12 miles north of Bolivar, Missouri. 

J. W. LIGHTFOOT. 

J. W. Lightfoot was born in Simpson county, Kentucky, 
April 30, 1846. His father, David L. Lightfoot, was born 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 227 

in Simpson county, Kentucky, February lo, 1823, and was 
married June 11, 1843, to Miss Sarah H. Chapman. They 
moved to Missouri in 185 i . Five children were given them, 
viz: John Wesley, Henry M., David William, Sarah Jane 
and Jackson B. The latter two are dead. His wife also 
died August 16, 1856. David L., the father, married Miss 
Mahala Taylor and raised three children, viz: Calvin L., 
Noah W., and Christopher C. ; but in October, 1S93, the 
father died. John W., his son, married Miss Rebecca F. 
Richards, daughter of uncle Jack and Rebecca Richards, 
August 9, 186S, Eleven children were given to them ; seven 
girls and four boys. Arty, May 11, 1S69; Laverna, January 
21, 1871 ; Carter, November 13, 1872; Bertie, April 5, 1875; 
Allety, February 23, 1877;- Isaac N., January iS, 1S79; 
Lillie, February 9, 1881 ; Albert and Elbert, twins, August 
17, 1883; Mattie, March 11, 1885; Julia M. A. June 26, 
1887. 

J. W. and Rebecca, the parents, professed religion and 
joined the church at Oak Grove in Polk county, September, 
187 1. Two years afterward they became members at New 
Hope and remained there about ten years. The church de- 
sired to exalt him to the deaconship, but he refused because 
he felt his un worthiness. In 1884 he joined at Mission 
Chapel, where he was again solicited for the same office; 
but he again refused for the same reason. He and his ami- 
able wife have been battling for the Lord for 23 years and 
not tired yet ; but expect by the grace of God to hold out 
faithful to the end and finally wear a crown that will outshine 
the noon-day sun. 

JOHN LIGHTFOOT. 

John Lightfoot was born in Allen county, Kentucky, 
May 13, 1820. His father was born in Virginia near Rich- 



228 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

mond and his mother in South Carolina. Her maiden name 
was Barbara Lambert. They were married in Warren 
county, Kentucky. The fruit of this marriage was thirteen 
children of whom five were boys and eight girls, as follows: 
John, the subject of our present history, Sarah, David L., 
Polly, Esau Jackson, Elizabeth, Mahala, Melissa, Malinda, 
Henry Bannister, Rebecca, Josiah, Barbara Dorothy. Of 
the boys, two are living ('94), John and Henry. Of the 
girls four are living, Elizabeth, Melissa, Malinda and Bar- 
bara D. All are members of the Baptist church. John was 
married to KeziahH. Chapman, of Warren county, Ken- 
tucky, June 23, 1843. Five boys and five girls were given 
them: Henry Jackson, born July, 1S43; Mary Elizabeth, 
David Nathaniel, March 4, 1S47; John Salathiel, Barbara 
Malinda, Wm. Alexander, Louisa Frances, a boy whose 

name is not at hand, twins were born named Armilda 

Jane and Zerilda Catharine. Five of the foregoing are at 
this date ('94) living, viz; H. J., D. N., J. S., W. A., and 
L. F. Three of these are members of the church. 

Brother John Lightfoot was converted about 1S39 and 
joined church at Union in Warren county, Kentucky. His 
wife had been a member of the same before. Moved to 
Missouri in the fall of 1851 and joined with his wife at ]\It. 
View 13 miles northeast of Bolivar. Eld. Thompson Pitts 
was pastor at that time. After the Civil war, the church at 
Oak Grove v/as organized, of which brother and sister Light- 
foot were constituent members. Brother Lightfoot was 
elected deacon and is still in ofiice. His wife died June 30, 
1893. Brother Lightfoot was justice of the peace one term 
of four years. It may well be said of the brother that his 
life has been spent in honest toil upon the farm. Punctual 




Eld. W. T. Campbell. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 22X) 

to his appointments at the church, and in his neighborhood. 
True to principle and firm in his doctrines. 

ELD. W. T. CAMPBELL. 

Eld. W. T. Campbell is well known to many in Missouri 
but the importance of the work upon which he has entered 
makes it desirable that all should become acquainted with 
him, and so we introduce him to our brotherhood. Brother 
Campbell is a native of Arkansas, but moved in early life to 
Missouri. He was born in 1S52 and was converted in 1867. 
He entered William Jewell college in 1S72, where he re- 
mained for six years; was ordained in January, 1S76, while 
in college, and was supplying two churches in the country for 
two years before leaving it. During the suinmer of 1878 he 
supplied the church at Clinton, Missouri, and entered the 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary of Louisville, where, 
in addition to his regular course of study, he preached for the 
Portland Avenue Baptist church, where he did good service 
for the Master. But the work was too much for him, and he 
was compelled to leave the seminary on account of failing 
health from overwork. He accepted a call to Westport, a 
part of Kansas City, and two years afterwards resigned to 
accept the appointment of missionary in Kansas City, where 
his work was greatly blessed. In 18^4 he organized the Olive 
Street Baptist church with 30 members, and after a hard 
struggle, overcoming many difficulties, the church became 
not only self-supporting, but was one of the most liberal 
churches in the state, in proportion to their ability. The 
church numbered 360 when he resigned in January, 1891, to 
go to Palestine. Upon his return from Palestine he took 
charge of the Wabash Mission, Chicago, where he labored 
with great acceptance. But his heart was in Missouri, and 



230 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATTOH". 

he returned during the early part of 1894, and became one of 
the general missionaries of the State Board. His success io 
this field gives promise of greater success in the position he 
more recently assumed. Now let evei-ybody pray for and co- 
operate with Bro. Campbell. 



WM. GARY. 

Wm. Cary was born in Mercer county^ Pennsylvania, 
July 18, 1S32. His parents were Louis and Mary (Hull) 
Cai'y. His father was born in Virginia, but married Mary 
Hull in Pennsylvania where they spent their lives. He was 
in the war of 181 2, at the battle of New Orleans. Wm. the 
youngest of ten children, was educated in the old subscription 
schools, and at the age of 13 began the saddler's trade at 
which he worked for some 36 years. In 1853 he married 
Florinda P. Rogers, of Pennsylvania, and in 1857 came to 
Polk county, but on the breaking out of the war returned to 
Pennsylvania. Coming to Missouri again he remained in 
Henry county until 1867 he returned to Polk county, where 
he opened a harness store. He continued the business till 
1877, when he added the hardware and still continuing with 
his son H. L., till 1889 his son, H. L. purchased the entire 
stock. He has filled the office of county treasurer four 3-ears, 
and has been president of the board of trustees of Southwest 
Baptist college, and a member of the Baptist church nearly 
50 years. Brother Cary died January 23, 1893. The board 
of Trustees being then in session at the college building, ad- 
journed, and repaired at once to his residence iti respect to 
the memory of the deceased brother. His daughter, Delia, 
married Mr. C. W. Miller, who now resides in Utah 
(1896). 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 23I 

ELD, S. M. MURRAY. 

Eld. S. M. Murray, youngest son of Major Jesse H, 
Murray, was born October lo, 1859, in Polk county, Mis- 
souri, in a country honie. He moved with his parents to 
Bolivar, and there spent several years of his boyhood life. 
While there he attended Southwest Baptist college, obtain- 
ing a practical education. He went out from his parental 
roof to battle for himself. He went to North Missouri where 
he was married to Miss Millie Garriott, November 19, 1S85. 
To them were given four children, three boys and one girl. 
He professed religion in early boyhood. Was baptized July 
4, 1886. Elected superintendent of Sunday school Septem- 
ber following. Shortly afterward he received that Divine 
impression to go preach the gospel of Christ, the greatest 
calling man can receive. He was licensed to preach Febru- 
ary 5, 1887. Ordained October 25, 1887. Has been mis- 
sionarv of his association twice. Served a number of 
churches as pastor. Is still living in north Missouri, and is 
missionary of his association. 

GEO. W. ALEXANDER. 

Geo. W. Alexander was born in Tennessee April 16, 
1856. Moved with his parents to Hickory county, Missouri, 
where he resides at the present ('95). He was married by 
Eld. Elijah Yeager, in Hickory county, Missouri, November 
ri, 1875, to Miss Eliza Ruth Edde. Miss Edde was born 
May 23, 1858. The fruit of this marriage was six children, 
as follows: John William, born September 13, 1876 ; Nena 
Arleska, born May 11, 1878, died July 10, 1887; Cordelia, 
born September 24, 1880; Maud, born June 15, 1882; Min- 
nie Myrtle, born November 13, 1885; Cleavy Roy, born 
December 27, 1893. All these children and their mother 



2^2 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIGI?. 

were born in Hickory county, Missouri. G. W., the father, 
was converted in October, 1S92, and joined the church at 
Bethel, in his neighborhood, and on March 7, 1895, '^^^ °^'' 
dained to the office of deacon, with the following presbytery: 
Elds. L. J. Tatum, J. T. Ferguson, and deacons Wm. 
Samples and W. B. Jones. John W., the eldest son, was 
converted September 12, 1S91, and joined the church at 
Bethel, and was licensed by the same to preach the gospel 
September 9, 1S94. He entered Southwest Baptist college 
January 4, 1895, to prepare himself for the ministry. 

LAWSON SCRIVENER. 

Lawson Scrivener was ordained to the full work of the 
ministry December, 1S70, and died in January, 1S95. We 
have no further record. 

I. W. CRANFILL. 

I. W. Cranfill was ordained to the full work of the min- 
istry August, 1S67. Is a resident of Buffalo, Dallas county, 
Missouri ('95). 

JAS. FRANKLIN BLAKEY. 

Jas. Franklin Blakey was born in Christian county, 
Kentucky, February 6, 1825. His father, Jno. Blakey, was 
born in Virginia. His grand-parents came from England to 
America, His father was married to Miss Mildred Frank- 
lin in Kentucky. Eight boys and five girls were given them 
as follows: Wm. R., Jas. F., Constantine, Stephen, Francis 
M., Margaret, Joseph, Sarah, Jno. W., Mary Jane, Ardena, 
Catharine, Geo. W. The family moved from Kentucky to 
Missouri about the year 1S37, and settled in Benton county. 
From thence to Folk county in the year 1S40. The father 
died November 22, 187 1, aged 71 years, 5 months and 13 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



233 



days. Brother J. F., the subject of this sketch, was converted 
about the year 1S49, and joined church at Turkey Creek, 
and is now a member at Pleasant Ridge 15 miles southwest 
from Bolivar. He was married to Miss C. C. Killingsworth 
April, 1S49. To this union were given nine children viz: 
Sarelda, Wm. Allen, Martin D., Geo,, Ann, Ida, Chas., 
Walter J., Nora. The only son living is Martin D. The 
wife and mother died December 35, 1884. Mildred F., the 
mother and grandmother, died in June, 1873. Both grand- 
pai-ents were members at Pleasant Ridge. 



ELD. L. J. TATUM. 

Eld. L. J. Tatum was born in Ashe 
county, North Carolina, February 22, 
1833. His father, Buckner Tatum, 
was born October 15, 1803, son of Jas. 
and Amy (Smart) Tatum. His mother, 
Behethland (Sheriff) Tatum, was born 
in Jerdal county. North Carolina, 
April 21, 1S16. She was a daughter 
of Abel and Elizabeth (Barker) Sher- 
iff. Grandfather Abel Sheriff was a 
Baptist minister, one of whose last ex- 
pressions was: "Write to the boys in 
school (brother Aaron and myself at Penfield, Ga.,) and tell 
them to be faithful ministers for the Lord Jesus, in whose 
service I have lived and am now dying." Nearly all his rel- 
atives were of the Baptist faith. He has one brother, an able 
Baptist minister, who spent most of his life in north Georgia, 
(now in Florida) who was known as "the humble Baptist 
minister." 




L. J. Tatum. 



234 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

The subject of our sketch moved with his parents to 
Gilmore county, Georgia, when in his fourteenth year. Two 
years after this he was greatly concerned for the salvation of 
his soul. For ten days and nights he could find no rest, ask- 
ing all he met to pray for him. Even the colored cook ia 
his grandfather's house, whom he regarded as a good old 
Christian woman, he desired her to pray for him. At last 
the love of God was shed abroad in his heart by the Holy 
Ghost. The next day he went into the school room and told 
of the wonderful salvation he had found, and the school was 
converted into a prayer meeting, which lasted until a late 
hour that night, and one of the students found peace. The 
teacher said: "I am an unconverted man, and will pray for 
myself and my students; let us all pray." About two months 
after this our subject was baptized by Eld. Micajah Walker 
in Mountaintown river into the fellowship of the church 
called Mountaintown, October 2, 1S47. Six others were 
baptized at the same time by the same person. This was the 
fruit of his labor for two months in the beginning of his 
Christian career. 

Soon after this a number drew letters and organized 
a church at Pleasant Hill. L. J. was chosen clerk and 
served as such for five years. He was licensed to preach 
October 7, 1851. He taught school in Gilmore county, 
Georgia, three months, and in Murray county three months ; 
again in Gilmore county he taught eight months, at Board 
Town. This was a very wicked place, and he had much 
trouble with the pupils at first ; but he opened the school by 
reading the Scripture, and closed Friday evening by reading 
and giving an exhortation. The result was a revival of re- 
ligion among his pupils and employers, and a church was or- 
ganized in the school house before the school closed. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 235 

At Penfield, Georgia, at the Mercer university, he 
studied theology under the noted Dr. J. L. Dagg, L. L. D. 
He was ordained April 5, 1S56, by Elds. W. T. Fleming, 
Peter Miller and deacons Duncan Terry, Joseph Terry. 
■ Settled in Washington county, Arkansas, in 1859 and the 
next year went to Texas and taught a school of five months 
in Jacksboro, Jack county. Returned to Arkansas in the 
fall of 1S60. Preached during the war to Federals and Con- 
federates. Was robbed by the Pin Indians, and once nar- 
rowly escaped death by them. Eld. Tatum was married 
May 19, 1S63, to Margarette J. Sherriff, widow of P. Bur- 
rell Sherriff and daughter of Samuel and Sarah Clonts. She 
was born in Gilmore county. Georgia, April 13, 1835. 
Three children were born to P. B. and M. J. Sherriff, two 
girls and one boy. The boy, L. C, is an ordained Baptist 
preacher, residing near Polk, Polk county, Missouri ('95)* 
To Eld. L.J. and Margarette J. Tatum were born four girls. 
Two are dead. Theodosia B. married Mr. E. M. Dent and 
Georgia I. married Mr. J. E. Bradley. 

Pie came to Hickory county, Missouri, Ma}' 8, 1864, after 
a perilous journey from Fayetteville, Arkansas, and began 
preaching at once for Mt. Moriah church in Hickory county. 
This church received our letters and we were at home. 
This church was a member of P'reedom association before 
the war. But war times are not times of peace, as many 
preachers and others realized. The war cloud had not 
passed away entirely, although peace was declared. An 
iron-clad oath was enacted by the Legislature and all preach- 
ers as well as civil functionaries must take it or suffer the 
penalty. Some zealous brethren, actuated no doubt by con- 
scientious scruples in regard to loyal adherence to the govern- 
ment, sought to have enacted a set of rules for the churches. 



2''6 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

the object of which was to cleanse the churches of all the 
latent elements of rebellion. Therefore, pursuant to the 
establishment of this idea, a convention was called by resolu- 
tion of the church at Liberty, Greene county, Missouri, May 
27 186^, in which a convention is again called of the 
churches of Old Freedom association to meet on the 25th 
day of August following. At this meeting it was resolved, 
that any church desiring membership in this association must 
declare non-fellowship with those who had been in rebellion 
ao-ainst the govei-nment of the United States, unless repara- 
tion was made by recantation. 

The next meeting was at Cedar Bluff, on Friday before 
the third Saturday in October, 1S65. Here an organization 
was effected without the political feature, and a meeting ap- 
pointed at Brighton in 1S66. Here again was a scene, in 
which there was much ill-feeling, over the adjustment of the 
political question. The meeting was adjourned to Humans- 
ville two months later. At this meeting the political feature 
was reenacted and added to the second article of faith, to 
which the reader is referred in Book I, and year 1S67. The 
association met with Freedom church, in Folk county, 1867, 
where the above feature was reaffirmed, and in consequence 
a number of delegates responded to a call for an organiza- 
tion to be known as Old Path association. They met at 
Hopewell, Dallas county, Missouri, and organized with the 
above name, and at this time ('95) they are a prosperous 

people. 

In this year ('67) one of the principal advocates of the 
political bar had a remarkable dream, which proved to be a 
potent factor in dispelling the last vestige of the war cloud in 
the association. The dream was this: "He was on his 
death bed and an angel came to him to tell him that he was 



HISTORY OP POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. i'^ 

wrong in his political move, that God's people should be 
one." Therefore, he advised and requested that all the 
churches that had adopted his resolution should rescind it, 
and be perfectly joined together in the same mind and judg- 
ment. He recovered from his sickness that confined him to 
his bed, when he had the dream, and ever after during his 
eventful career he worked diligently to repair the breach that 
had been made. 

Eld. L. J. Tatum, the subject of this sketch, is a man 
of sanguine temperament, large, broad-shouldered, with keen 
eyes and heavy eye-brows ; bold, out-spoken, fearless, but, 
with all this, he has a heart full of the love of God, and for 
his fellow man a tender regard. His bold advocacy of Bible 
truth brings him often into collision with others, and in con- 
sequence he has engaged in quite a number of debates. He 
has successfully encountered and demolished the advocates of 
baptismal salvation, universal salvation, the Jev^'ish Sabbatar- 
ian, a soul-sleeper, a Catholic, a lecturer from Politico-Chris- 
tian association, and others of minor import. He has en- 
dured a great deal of persecution from those who were with- 
out as well as within his own denominational lines. The in- 
veterate persecutor, however, has been the eventual sufferer, 
while blessings, both temporal and spiritual, have been lav- 
ishly poured out upon the head of the man whose history we 
write. 

He has been full of work in building up churches. 
Had one pastorate nine years. Was clerk of Old Path as- 
sociation twenty-one years, and moderator four years. Col- 
porteur for American Baptist Publication society two years; 
sold $900 worth of books and gave away $250 worth. He 
is a life manager of the above society, and a life member of 
the general association of Missouri. 



23S HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION 

ELD. WM. S. HODGES. 

Eld. Wm. S. Hodges was born August 15, 1S5S, in 
Claiborne county, Tennessee. His parents, Eld. James C. 
and Elizabeth (Davis) Hodges were natives of the same 
county and state. Eld. Wm. S. was educated in the district 
schools, and one term in the graded school at Louisburg, 
Dallas county, Missouri. He was married February 28, 
1884, to Miss Susan B. Ragsdale. Five children were 
born to them, Arthur S., Elizabeth A., Roscoe H., Virgil 
T., Bessie S. Converted November 30, 18S3. Joined at 
New Hope, Dallas county, Missouri. Licensed February 
15, 1890. Ordained to the full work of the ministry July 18, 
1891. Presbytery, Elds. N.J. Stinecipher, D. Hitson, J. 
W. Ragsdale and I. W. Cranfill. He is at the present date 
('95) pastor of four churches, viz: Harmony, Pisgah, New 
Liberty and Little Niangua. The first three in Dallas 
county, the latter in Hickory county. 

ELD. JOHN W. RAGSDALE. 

Eld. John W. Ragsdale was born in Morgan county, 
Illinois, May 18, 1831. His parents, Joel and Jane (AUred) 
Ragsdale were born respectively in Tennessee and it is sup- 
posed the mother was a native of Kentucky. Eld. J. W. 
received his education in the district schools of the early days. 
Married in 1853 to Miss Ann Hale. Five children given 
them, all living but one, Josephine. The order of their birth 
as follows: Sarah Jane, Martha Rebecca, Lavina Josephine, 
Mary Ann, Susan Virginia. All married. Jane, the mother, 
died in 1866. He was married again in 1867 to Margaret 
Jane Jackson. No children. Eld. J. W. was converted in 
1843. Joined the Methodists, but in 1876 joined the Baptists 
and was ordained in 1880, the presbytery. Elds. D. R. Jones 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 239 

and W. W. Palmer. He is now a member at Louisburg, 
Missouri, and superintendent of the Sunday school at that 
place. 

ELD. WM. E. HOOVER. 

Eld. Wm. E. Hoover was born September 13, 1851. 
Converted in 1S69 and joined Macedonia church and after- 
ward Mt. Pleasant, Dallas county, Missouri, where he was 
ordained to the full work of the ministry, the presbytery 
being Elds. J. H. Stinecipher and Spear. Eld. Hoover was 
married in 1869 to Miss Mary Smith. Eight children was 
the fruit of this marriage. Three of them living, viz: Willie, 
born March, 1873; Josie Ann, born August, 1875; Lulu 
Bell, born February, 1885. His wife, Mary, having died, 
he was married a second time to Miss Nancy Adams, No- 
vember, 1893. 

A. J. LOWER. 

A. J. Lower was born in Roane county, Tennessee, 
April 26, 1841. Schooling such as was afforded in district 
schools. Converted in 1858. Baptized by Eld. W. B. Sen- 
ter. Taught school in Polk, Lawrence and Greene counties 
through a series of 15 years. Was elected recorder of deeds 
of Polk county, Missouri, November, 1874, and continued 
in office 12 years. Was elected judge of probate, November 
1886, for a term of four years. Was married to Mrs. 
Martha Jane (Eagon) Lee, July 21, 1883. Children born 
to her in former marriage were Martha Ann and Joseph 
Danley, and in her second marriage to brother Lower two 
children were born, Arzella and Orville Jackson. Their 
mother, Martha Jane, was born in Polk county, Missouri 
October 24, 1854. Brother Lower was elected trustee of 
Southwest Baptist college and continued as such for a num- 
ber of years, and was a liberal supporter of the college. 



240 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

ELD. FRANCIS MARION KELLEY. 

Eld. Francis Marion Kelley was born in Franklin county, 
Tennessee, July 4, 1S33. He was the eldest son of Eld. T. 
J. Kelley, whose name is already inscribed in this book. He 
moved from Tennessee to Missouri in 1S42. His schooling 
was of that type incident to a primitive settlement. The op- 
portunities of acquiring an education were rare indeed. He 
was converted at the age of 17 at a prayer meeting at his 
father's house, and joined at Turkey Creek church one year 
after. Was licensed by the church at Pleasant Ridge April 
16, 1870, and ordained at the call of church at Oak Grove 
November 15, 1883, the presbytery Elds. Riley James, Irvin 
Cordell and T. J. Casey. His work has been blessed to the 
salvation of many souls. 

His wife, Mary E. (Potter) Kelley, was born November 
5, 1835, in Warren county, Kentucky. They were married 
in Polk county, Missouri, March 3, 1853, and have resided 
in Polk county to the present day ('95). Eld. Kelley has 
been pastor of Oak Grove, Cedar county, seven years, and 
shepherd of the flock at Asher one year; bishop at Mt, 
Gilead, in Cedar county, a few months, and still competent 
to fill the office of overseer in any Baptist church that may 
call him to its service. 

ELD. B. L. MITCHELL, 

Eld. B. L. Mitchell was born in Polk county, Missouri, 
October 3, 1843. Raised on a farm. Had the advantage of 
day schools in the districts until the fall of 1879 he entered 
Southwest Baptist college and continued two years in that in- 
stitution. He was converted at Mitchell's Camp Ground at 
16 years of age. Was married to Miss Arborette Lynn, Au- 
gust 31, 1S65, at Livingston, Alabama. Removed to Mis- 




HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 24I 

souri in 1S76 and engaged in fanning and 
mercantile business. Was licensed to 
preach the gospel by the church at Mt. 
Herman, in Alabama, in 1S6S, but did 
not enter the work until 1S7S. He en- 
tered the college in order to prepare for 
more efficient work. Has been pastor at 
Buffalo and Mt. View two years, at Boli- 
var three years, and one year in the mis- 
sion work, resulting in the conversion of 
B. L. MiTCHEtL. over 500 persons at these points. Was 
pastor at Gray's Summit and Indian Prairie nearly five years, 
baptizing many and making many warm and lasting friends. 
Spent one year at Lee's Summit as pastor of the First Baptist 
church. Was pastor at Higginsville 15 months of the Second 
Baptist church, and during this time loS converts were bap- 
tized. Has been two years at Knobnoster and now laboring 
in this pleasant field ('95). The strength of the church has 
doubled and the work goes smoothly on. 

Mrs. Mitchell enters heartily into every detail of the 
work. In the Sunday school, B. Y. P. U., W. C. T. U,, 
W. M. S., L. A. S., W. F. M., and C. C. C. A., or Chris- 
tian Culture Course of America, besides doing the house 
work and keeping her children in school. A stream of visit- 
ors and workers are going and coming, receiving directions 
in the different lines of work. 

Brother Mitchell was ordained at Slagle Creek church, 
October, I'S^g, by the following presbytery: B. McCord 
Roberts, the pastor, assisted by Elds. J. R. Maupin, Jas. S. 
Buckner, Jehu Robinson and others. His father's name was 
Benjamin C. and his mother's name was Matilda (Looney) 
Mitchell, the former born in Tennessee and the latter in Ala- 



242 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



bama. To the subject of our sketch there were born seven 
children, as follows: Jas. R., deceased; Sallie, deceased; 
Lynn W., born in Alabama, August 11, 1S70; B. Kyle, 
born in Missouri, November 39. 1S77; Ida R., born in Mis- 
souri, May 14, 18S0; May Arborette, born in Missouri, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1S83; Mattie Lee, born in Missouri, May 24, 1S8S. 
Three of these are members of the church. 

ELD. E. D. FORTNER. 

Eld. E. D. Fortner was born in Dallas county, Missouri, 
November 13, 1S54. Converted in the year 1877 and joined 
the Baptist church at Mt. Olive, Dallas county, and is yet 
('95) a member of that church. Ordained to the full work 
of the ministry September, 1881, the presbytery, Elds. G. 
B. Mitchell, W. B. Epps, J. H. Wommack and G. W. 
Pfeifer. Eld. Fortner was missionary of Dallas County as- 
sociation for two years. He is now pastor of his home 
church, Mt. Olive, and two others. He has sustained him- 
self well in the ministry in the estimation of his brethren, and 
in the defense of Baptist or Bible doctrine he has distin- 
guished himself as a master workman. He has engaged in a 
number of oral discussions with persons of diverse faith with 
marked ability. 

MRS. PRISCILLA A. DUNNEGAN. 

Mrs. Friscilla A. Dunnegan was born in Tennessee, 
December 28, 1S16. Died July 4, 1895, aged 78 years, 6 
months 6 days. She came to Missouri w-ith her parents, the 
Akards, about 183 1, just after the Indians had ceded the 
southwest part of the state to the whites. Her parents made 
the first settlement on Bear Creek, about two miles south of 
Fair Play, on the farm where Mr. John Derossett now lives. 
This was one of the first settlements made in what is now 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 243 

Polk county, and the date is a short time before Greene 
county was organized, and several years before the organiza- 
tion of Polk county. There probably is no person now liv- 
ing in Polk county who came here before she did, unless it 
is Mrs. Martha Smith, who now lives near Brighton, being 
widely known as "Aunt Patsy," and is reputed to be the 
oldest person, and the first weaver of cloth in the county. 
Sister Priscilla, the subject of this brief sketch, was married 
to Matthew Dunnegan, October 13, 1S37, ^"<^ soon after- 
wards removed to Lawrence and from there to Jasper coun- 
ty, Missouri. After helping to pioneer these counties, they 
came back to Polk in 1S60, settling on the place where she 
died, and where her husband died, August 37, 1S71. Eleven 
children were born of this union, only two of whom survive 
her. They are T. H. B. Dunnegan, of Bolivar, and Mrs. 
C. A. Hopkins, of Dunnegan Springs. Mrs. Dunnegan 
had been a devoted member of the Baptist church for nearly 
half a century. Her funeral was preached by Eld. T. J. 
Akins in the Baptist church at Dunnegan Springs, of which 
she was one of the founders. She was laid to rest beside 
her husband and two sons, in the Akard family graveyard 
near Fair Play, July 6, 1S95. 

ELD. DANIEL M. SEWELL. 

Eld. Daniel M. Sewell was born in Cumberland county. 
North Carolina, August 35, iSio. His father and mother 
were natives of Duplin county. North Carolina. His moth- 
er's maiden name was Elizabeth Southerland. The father 
and mother moved in the year 1S2S, to McNairy county, 
Tennessee. October 25, the subject of our sketch was mar- 
ried to Miss Polly Mun Inman. Five children were given 
to them, viz: Francis M., Sarah Jane, Wm. A., John R., 



244 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Prudence E. The wife and mother died October 3, 1S41. 
Left Tennessee in 1844. Came to Greene county, Missouri, 
1S44. In 1845 was married to Miss Sarah M. Whittenbur^^. 
Five children was the fruit of this marriage, viz: Emily A., 
Mary E., Louisa C, Geo. W., and Martha M. The par- 
ents were so-called Primitive Baptists. 

In August, 1S44, Daniel M. professed a hope in Christ, 
but wandered far from duty until the year 1850, he was bap- 
tized by Eld. Thos. J. Kelley into the fellowship of the 
church. Felt impressed to preach and v^-as ordained April, 
187 1, the presbytery Elds. Jno. D. Shelton and Morgan G. 
Conn. He moved from Missouri to Bell county, Texas, in 
the fall of 1874, remained till the summer of 1878, then re- 
turned to Greene county, Missouri. Again in the fall of 1883 
moved to Reynolds county, Texas. His wife, Sarah M., 
died October 20, 1883. He moved again to Bell county, 
Texas, in the year 1885, Assisted in the organization of 
churches but never took the care of one. Resolved, however, 
to do all he can for the promotion of God's cause and hopes 
to live with God in heaven. 

ELD. W. D. CHEEK. 

Eld. W. D. Cheek was born in Dallas county, Missouri, 
October 8, 1841. Professed religion in October, i860; join- 
ed Baptist church at Buffalo and baptized by Eld, J. W. 
Williams. Moved with the church from Buffalo and became 
a constituent member of Macedonia. Was elected deacon 
November, 1867; licensed to preach November 20, 1883; 
ordained April 25, 1886, presbytery Elds. D. P. Brockus, G. 
M. Botts and E. D. Fortner. Has been pastor of Mt. Zion 
church No. i, in Dallas county, eight years. This is the 
hardest field in the county, but a number have been added to 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION". 



HS 




the church. Served as pastor at Pleasant Hill three years 
and five months. The Elder did not give his family record. 

ELD. DAVID HITSON. 

Eld. David Hitson was born in 
Monroe county, Tennessee, January 



15, 1835. His parents, Wm. and Su- 
sannah (Nichols) Hitson, v\'ere born in 
Kentucky, emigrated to Tennessee, 
Monroe county, thence to McMinn 
county in 1S61, and to Bradley county, 
Tennessee, in 1S65, and to Hickory 
David Hitson. county, Missouri, in 1S68. The chil- 

dren given to Wm. and Susannah were Peggy, Almira, Cal- 
vin, Mary Ann, Elizabeth, William, Cyntha, Robert and 
David. His father died in 1S38. The eldest died while 
young. His mother died at an early age, leaving our sub- 
ject, David, to get his living and his education as best he 
could. He was married to Miss Elizabeth Givens Februarv 
17, 1857. There were born to them R. R., January 22, 
1S58; Susan Elizabeth, August 10, 1S59; John A,, August 
23, 1S60; William, September 8, 1S61. The last three died 
in infancy. 

Brother David professed faith in Christ at Shoal Creek 
church, in McMinn county, Tennessee, at a meeting held by 
Eld. Samuel Haun. Having moved to Hickory county in 
1S68, he united with the church at Pittsburg and was bap- 
tized by Eld. John Witt in July, 1S71. Ordained August 
19, 1876, presbytery Elds. Jno. Witt, M. F. Bartlett and A. 
J. Bullen. He has been pastor in Benton, Hickory, Polk 
and Dallas counties. Has witnessed many professions, bap- 
tized a great number, and would be glad if he had taken 



2^6 HrSTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST AS50CrATr03r. 

their names. He has been missionary for Old Path associa- 
tion two years; has assisted in the ordination of ten preach- 
ers, and moderator of Dallas County association two years. 
Our prayer is that he may yet win many souls for a happy 
eternity. 

ELD. K. G. MITCHELL. 

Eld. R. G. Mitchell, son of Eld. Greenberry Mitchell^ 
was born in Laclede county, Missouri^ December 5, 1853, 
In 1855 moved with his parents to Dallas county, Missouri; 
in 1863 to Franklin county, Missouri, returning- to Dallas 
in 1873. United with the Baptist church at Buffalo, Septem- 
ber, 18S7; began preaching in 18SS; was ordained July 24, 

1892, at Sarcoxie, Mo. He was married May 7, 1S76, at 
Louisburg, Mo., to Miss Larissa Lindsey, daughter of E, 
Lindsay, and granddaughter of Hon. Miles Vernon, of 
Laclede county, Missouri. Miss Larissa was born in Cook 
county, Texas, June 9, 1855. Their children are Evard, 
born at Brighton, in Polk county, Missouri, September 19, 
1877; Zulah, born at Cross Timbers, Mo., January 18, 1881. 
Miss Larissa was baptized by Eld. Greenberry Mitchell in 
November, 1S74, and united with New Hope church, in Dal- 
las county, Missouri, and the subject of our sketch was bap- 
tized by Eld. J. H. Stinecipher of Dallas, 

ELDER CHAS. GROVE. 

Eld. Chas. Grove was born in Taney county, Mis'souri; 
August 9, 1869. Professed hope August 19, 1886. Joined 
church at Brighton, September 1SS6, and was baptized by 
Eld. J. W. Haines. Licensed by the church at Brighton 
February, 1887. Ordained by the same church August 19, 

1893, the presbytery consisting of Elds. D. P. Brockus, sr. 
S. S. Pike, W. A. Gilmore and M. A. Rowden. His 



% 










Prof. Edwin Maxey. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 247 

father, Jno. J. Grove, and his motherwere natives of Indiana. 
He was married to Miss Alice Caldw^ellin Polk county, Mis- 
souri, September 31, 1S90. He has been a successful pastor 
of churches at Mission Chapel No. 2, Rural Hill, Pleasant 
Hill and Pleasant View in Polk countv. 

PROF. EDWIN MAXEY, 

Prof. Edwin Maxey was born of Scotch-Welsh parent- 
age on a farm in Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, in 1869. 
His early education consisted of three or four months attend- 
ance at the district school each year, being compelled to work 
on his father's farm during the remainder of the year. Yet 
this meager training in the district school inspired his youth- 
ful mind with an insatiable desire for learning. He earl}- de- 
termined to secure the benefits of a college course, but had 
no money and no means of borrowing. At 16 he began 
teaching school, and during the first term walked seven miles 
each morning and evening and did work at home to save ex- 
penses of paying for his board. 

In 1S87 he entered Keystone academy, Factoryville, Pa., 
and for six years continued to bury his purse in his head. He 
completed the course at the academy in the shortest time of 
any student in the history of the school. During his aca- 
demic course he was born into the kingdom of God and 
united with the First Baptist church at Factoryville^, of which 
he is still a member. Graduated with honor from Bucknell 
university, class of 18S3, editing a paper during the last year 
of his university course. 

In the summer of 1S93 he was elected to the presidency 
of Palatinate college, Myerstown, Pennsylvania, which 
position he filled with credit for one year, when, owing to a 
change In the denominational management of the school, he 



248 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSO-CIATTOX. 

resigned. Was elected to the chair of Mathematics and 
Modern Lang-nages in Southwest Baptist college, Bolivar, 
Mo., in 1S94, and taught in that institution one year. Was 
admitted to the bar May 5, 1S95. Is at present ('96) filling 
the chair of Science and Modern Languages in Centenary 
college. Palmyra, Mo. 

EZEKIEL LINDSEY, 

Ezekiel Lindsey was born in Lawrence county, Tenn- 
essee, September 7, 1S19. Converted in 1S47, joined church 
in 1S4S; was ordained a deacon in 1S57. He moved to 
Missouri in 1836, and to Texas in 1S52. Came back to 
Missouri October, 1S6S. Married in June, 1S54, to Mrs. 
Elizabeth Ann Tindall. Her two children were Julia Ann 
Tindall, who was born November 29, 1S49 and died July 16, 
1S7S, and Jas. L. Tindall, born September 10, 185 1. The 
children given to brother and sister Lindsey were as follows: 
Larissa, born June 9, 1S55; Lorenza, born November 17, 
1856, died September 13, 1S57; the twins, Vivia and Alice, 
born November 31, 1S5S; Dayton, born April 30, i86r, 
died March 10, 1S62; Luella, born December 13, 1862, Mel- 
vin, born February 19, 1S65 ; Lester, born March 6, 1869; 
Nellie, born September 33, 1S73. Mrs. Elizabeth Ann 
(Tindall) Lindsey was born October 10, 1S30, and died 
December 8, 18S3. 

July 19, 1885, brother Ezekiel Lindsey was married to 
Mrs. Martha Ann (Bridges) Huckaby. Brother Lindsey has 
lived a number of years on a farm just south of Louisburg, 
Dallas county, Missouri, and is at present (August, '95) an 
active member of the Baptist church at Louisburg. 

STARLING W. LINDSEY. 

Starling W. Lindsey was born March 18, 1833, in Law- 
rence county, Tennessee. His parents were natives of 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION". 249 

Georgia. Brother Lindsey was for a number of years a 
moralist, living a strictly upright life, but found it necessary 
to lay aside his morality as a savior and seek a Saviour in- 
deed, whom he found by believing on Him with the heart 
unto righteousness. This was done February i, 1889. He 
became a member of church at Louisburg, Dallas county, 
Missouri. He was married to Miss Mary E. Drum, March 
23, 1S57, in Platte county, Missouri. Four children were 
given to them, as follows: Daniel J., born March 15, 1S58 ; 
Carroll J., born January 15, i860; Edward, born February 
5, 1863, died September 10, 1S63; Ezekiel M., born April 
19, 1864, and died April 19, 1864. Mrs. Mary E., the 
mother of the above, died April 19, 1864. 

A second time Brother L. was married, and this time to 
Miss Martha J. Payne, who was a member of church at New 
Hope, Dallas county, Missouri. This marriage occurred 
August 3, 1865. Their children given to them were as fol- 
lows: Mary Helen, born May i, i866; Minnie, born April 
II, 1868; Anthony, born March 16, 1870; the twins, Em- 
mett and Everett, born January 30, 1872, Everett died June 
3, 1873; Janet, born March 30, 1874; Bertha, born April 3, 
1876; Blanche, born September 13, 1879; Bernice, born 
December 2, 1S81 ; Starling R., born November 33, 1884; 
Grant, born May 13, 18S7. Seven of the above are mem- 
bers of the church. Minnie was married to Eld. P. M. John- 
son, September 17, 1SS9, and entered Southwest Baptist 
college immediately, and eventually shared with him the 
privations as well as the blessings of a missionary life in 
India. Their only son, Ola, was born Alay 15, 1891, and 
died in India, having lived only 14 months. The mother 
was stricken with disease, and having left her precious babe 
under the sunny skies of India, she returned with her hus- 



2 CO 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIONt. 




band to her native home, Nvhere, it is hoped, her health will 
be fully restored. 

ELD. RICHARD HARRISOX. 

Eld. Richard Harrison was born in 
Dublin, Ireland, in the fifties. Found his 
Saviour in the same city. Emim-ated to 
the United States in 1S69. Was baptized 
into the fellowship of the Booneville Bap- 
fT^^^;' tist church in the spring- of 1S70. At- 
^ tended two terms at the Southern Baptist 

'/ jT Theological seminary at Greenville, South 
y^ Carolina. Located and preached in sev- 

R. Harbisox. eral states. Was called to the care of the 
Bolivar Baptist church July, 1S95. Health failing, he re- 
signed July 2, 1896. In August, 1895, Eld. Harrison and 
the writer attended the Baptist association at Alder, Cedar 
county, Missouri. At night the Elder preached, having for 
his subject Acts 2:47. The audience encored loudly, and at 
the conclusion surrounded him with demonstrations of en- 
thusiastic approval. 

JOHN CLAYPOOL. 

John Claypool was born in Warren county, Kentucky, 
nine miles southeast of Bowling Green, October iS, 1S23. 
His father was a native of the same country. His mother 
came from Ireland. His grandfather, John Claypool, came 
from Virginia. His life has been spent upon the farm. His 
schooling quite limited. Came to Missouri in the spring of 
1839 with his parents and settled in Polk county. He was 
married to Miss Rebecca M. Christian, May, 1852. To 
them were given ten children as follows: Robert, Elmina, 
Ann Eliza, Susie, Hester, James, Jerry, Harriet Geneva, 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 25 1 

Porter and David. The third one, Ann Eliza, died at four 
months of age, and Jerry died September, 1S94. The 
others all married, and all members of the church except 
David. The father, John C. joined the Baptist church in 
the summer of 1853. The mother, Rebecca M. joined the 
C. P. church at an early day. She was born in Tennessee, 
April 24, 1S36. Their home has been on the farm in Wal- 
nut Grove township, Greene county, Missouri, for over 40. 
years. Ready at^the Master's call to go and be with Him, 
where sin and sorrow shall never come. 

ELD. JOHN CJLARK MITCHELL. 

Eld. John Clark Mitchell was born in East Tennessee 
January 4. 1S30. He moved to Polk county, Missouri, with 
his parents in 1844. Was married to Miss Harriet FrieLC 
December 6, 1S49. Four children were born to them, two 
of them living, viz: Melbourn Campbell and Wilson Mc- 
Kenzie. Converted in 184S; baptized in June, 1866, by 
Eld. D. R. Murphy. Licensed and ordained in 1866 at the 
call of Red Hill church, in Cedar county, Missouri, the pres- 
bytery consisting of Elds. D. R. Murphy and James Cole. 
Eld. Mitchell has been pastor of a number of churches in 
Cedar, Polk, Dade, Greene and St. Clair counties, and is at 
this writing ('96) hale and hearty and capable of wielding 
the gospel hammer as in days of old. 

Sister Harriet, his wife, died, and about one year after- 
terward he married Elizabeth Jane Hare, who was the mother 
of four children, Nathan Holbert, Margaret M., Cordelia J. 
and Melissa A. His second wife died about 1S68. About 
the year 1870 Elder Mitchell married Miranda Simrell, who 
bore him one son, Samuel Clark. In about three years Sis- 
ter Miranda died, and in 1875 Elder Mitchell married Mrs. 



252 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Rowena S. Holbert. Two sons, Logan and Eleven, were 
given to them. Eld. Mitchell now lives in Cedar county. 
Missouri, and has been actively engaged in protracted meet- 
ings. 

ELD. T. F. SIMMONS. 

Eld. T. F. Simmons was born October 31, 1861, in 
Hickoiy county, Missouri. His father, Benjamin F. Sim- 
mons, was born in Tennessee, November 7, 1834. His 
mother was born in Kentucky, July 22, 1S32; her maiden 
name, Nancy C. Rush. They were married August 23, 
1852. The father professed faith in Christ at the age of 17 
years, and was a member of a Baptist church when he died, 
which event occurred May 10, 1S64, and was buried at 
Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas, being a soldier in the army. The 
mother professed faith in Christ at the age Df 15 years, and 
is now a member of Oak Grove church, 15 miles northeast 
of Bolivar. The grandfather, Wm. Simmons, was a Bap- 
tist preacher up to the time of his death, in Kentucky. 

Eld. T. F. was reared in Polk county, Missouri, from 
early childhood. At 16 years of age he was taken with fever 
and thought he was going to die. Having been a wild youth, 
and being afraid to die as he was, he made many solemn 
vows, while he was praying God to let him live. The Lord 
was good to him and permitted him to get up again. And 
taking a good resolution for conversion, he joined the church, 
but found it one of the hardest things to do, to be a Chris- 
tian without true religion . After two years he had his name 
erased from the church book. He had some faint desires to 
be a true Christian, but they soon wore away. However, 
conviction would seize him at times, and he would find him- 
self battling against them. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 253 

In January, 1882, he was on his way to make up a 
dance, some arrow of conviction wounded him sorely, he 
got off his horse, and down on his knees at the road-side and 
tried to pray, feeling himself a lost and ruined sinner. The 
dance had no attraction. He stayed at the home of a friend 
all night. He went home next day and told his mother he 
was lost and undone. She advised him to go to Bolivar 
and enter vSouthwest Baptist college. Prof. Maupin was 
president at that time, and Prof. W. A. Wilson was pastor 
of the Baptist church at Bolivar and conducting a series of 
meetings. "I went to the school and also attended the 
meetings. The first night I was at the meeting I thought 
some one had told Eld. Wilson about my troubles, for his 
talk all seemed directed at me. Several went to the altar of 
prayer, but I remained, feeling that I was a lost sinner. 
Brother J. A. Elliott, a student preparing for the ministry, 
inquired if any in the house wanted to be remembered in 
prayer, that was not at the altar, to stand up. I arose. 
After the meeting closed brother Elliott asked me if I would 
go with him and others to a prayer-meeting at a private 
house. I consented willingly and went with him to brother 
Utley's house. At that meeting were four conversions, viz : 
Fred Schofield, J. B. Smith, J. B. Gentry and myself. 
Here I found a Saviour indeed, and I have an unbounded 
love to God for His goodness in saving my soul and I can- 
not forget brother Elliott and others for the part they had in 
bringing me to a merciful Saviour. 

But now another trial awaited me. It came into my 
mind that I must preach. I fought this conviction for five 
years. Joined Mission Chapel at Rondo, Missouri. The 
church called for my ordination and I was ordained October 
1889, the presbytery being Elds. D. R, Jones and J. F. 



254 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIO?»t. 

Hampton, and the deacons of Mission Chapel and Oak 
Grove churches. Still other trials afflicted me. I thought 
I would starve if I depended upon preaching for a living, 
and I was too poor to clothe myself and family. But I 
have thrown myself, without reserve, upon His promises, 
hoping and believing that He is able to do more for me than 
I can ask or think. In my revival work in the last three 
months ('96) there have been 94 conversions and have bap- 
tized 9-1, and I03 additions to the churches. I preach to 
Mission Chapel twice in each month and at Oak Grove and 
Mt. Olive each once a month and on Sunday night at Inglis 
Creek school house. I desire the prayers of all God's peo- 
ple that I may be faithful in all that He calls me to do." 

ELD. W. A. GILMORE. 

Eld, W. A. Gilmore was born January 25, 1S63, at the 
house of his grandfather, Wilson Gilmore, seven miles south 
of Bolivar, Mo. At the age of two years he was left an 
ori^han, and was the onlv child of Wm. B. and Rachel E. 
Gilmore. His opportunities for an education were very lim- 
ited. When grown to maturity he wandered considerably. 
He went to Butte City, Montana, but returned to Missouri. 
He married Miss Emma C. Apperson November 16, 1884. 
Their children are Lola M., born September 3, 1S85 ; Oma 
C., born November 4, 1889; Wm. R., born April 25, 1893; 
Paul P., born February 39, 1896. Wm. A. professed re- 
ligion on the third Sunday night in January, 1891, under the 
preaching of Eld. Jno. C. Thompson and Eld. S. S. Pike at 
Frog Pond school house; joined church at Providence April 
26, 1891 ; baptized by Eld. S. S. Pike. Licensed, and af- 
terward, on the 6th of August, 1893, ordained, at the call of 
the same church, the presbytery Elds. E. D. Fortner, J. W. 




*7^^-t^ ViaaJ^u H Otyt^X) , 




HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 255 

Mayfield, W. B. Epps, D. P. Biockus, sv., J. M. Looney 
and S. S. Pike. The first pastorate was at Enon, beginning 
October, 1894. 

ANDREW J. HUNTER. 

Andrew Jackson Hunter is next to the youngest o£ eight 
children of Reuben Wills and Lucinda (Goffe) Hunter, and 
was born in Sumner county, Tennessee, June 19, 1S46. His 
grandfather, Dempsey Hunter, came from North Carolina, 
his native state, to Tennessee in the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century, was a farmer, and died in early part of pres- 
ent century. 

His father, Reuben W. Hunter, was born in Wilson 
county, Tennessee, August 3, iSoo; followed farming, and 
he and Miss Lucinda Goffe were married near Bowling 
Green, Kentucky, October 18, 1S32, The mother was born 
November 26, 1816. Of this union eight children were born: 
William Davis, September 18, 1S33; Martha Jane, May 24, 
1835; James Alexander, April 11, 1837; Robert Hatten, 
February 28, 1839; Zachariah Tally, September 3, 1S41 ; 
George Washington, January 15, 1844; Andrew Jackson, 
June 19, 1S46, and Lucy Ann Virginia, September 11, 1848. 

Only three survive of this large family, Robert H., 
Geo. W., and the subject of this sketch. The father was 
murdered by unknown marauders while in his bed on the 
night of September 15, 1S63, in Polk county, Missouri, and 
the mother died near Polk, same county, September 2, 1879, 
of general debility. Wm. D. died in Gallatin county, Illi- 
nois, February 10, 1874, leaving widow, his second wdfe, and 
six children, three by each wife. His first wife was Eliza Ann 
Blair, whom he married in 1855. He and Miss Darthula J, 
Vensan were married in Gallatin county, Illinois, March 10, 
1867, and his widow and her three children now live near 



256 HISTORY OF FOLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION?. 

Omaha, 111. The three children by his first wife are de- 
ceased. Martha Jane died in Tennessee, of croup, August 
29, 1S39, James A., who had espoused the Southern cause 
and served a term in the Confederate army, died Irom disease 
in Washington county, Arkansas, October 6, 1S62, but exact 
place of death and burial is unknown to his relatives, as well 
as circumstances. He belonged to a Missouri regiment and 
served under Gen. Price. The next was Zachariah T., who 
was shot and instantly killed without the least provocation by 
a drunken otficer, in 1863, near Humansville, Mo. The cir- 
cumstances under which this brother, as well as the father^ 
was removed, are more fully recorded on the folded black 
pages of the late war's history. 

Sister Lucy A. V., who was only two years younger 
than Andrew, died June 16, 1S63, of protracted fever, and 
the death of this dear sister seriously impressed Andrew's 
heart, as she was the only sister known to him, and was 
nearly constantly with him at home and at school. During 
her last moments she manifested the utmost faith and as- 
surance of a continued happiness in the other life, and bid- 
ding beloved ones farewell she made the final and special 
audience with her youngest brother and carefully pointed 
out the way to him by which they could be reunited in a 
home where there would be relief from trouble and pain, 
and where no physician would be needed. Such experience 
and evidence leave their lifetime impressions, and those who 
have witnessed such evidences seldom doubt the divine pre- 
paration for them that believe in God. 

His brother, Robert H., first married Miss Mary A. 
Long, August 16, 1S65, who died March 4, 1SS4. He next 
married Elizabeth Kendrick, December 25, 1SS6, and this 
second wife died April 2, 1S90. His third wife was Lizzie 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 257 

Treash whom he married in Kansas December 26, 1893. 
Three children of his are alive. He and his wife are resid- 
ing in Oklahoma territory, and he is postmaster at Guild, 
having recently been appointed. George W. never married 
and is living with Robert. 

Andrew came with his parents to Polk county, Missouri, 
when about five years of age, was reared on the farm and 
has, with exception of few intervals made his home in the 
county ever since. His father was a strict Presbyterian (C. 
P. church) during the time the son was with his father, and 
for years the Lord's prayer was recited and catechism gone 
through every evening by all the children at home. The 
mother was a Baptist. 

Andrew worked out from home considerably, and the 
last regular labor done by him on the farm was immediately 
before his going to the army, and for Uncle Samuel Tillery, 
for whom he worked three months in 1863, at $6, $7 and 
$8 per month respectively. His average monthly wages 
would have bought then about $3 in gold. He attended 
common schools of the time in fall and winter, and attended 
one term of the Humansville Academy, and his living school- 
mates will no doubt testify to his aptness, especially in 
arithmetic and penmanship. 

August 10, 1863, beginning of his seventeenth year he 
volunteered with his brother George in company H, iSth 
Regiment, Iowa Volunteer infantry, then stationed at Spring- 
field, Missouri. The latter part of same year his oldest 
brother, Wm. D. joined Company B, said Regiment, and 
they served until August 8, 1865, and were mustered out 
with their companies. His brother, Robert H., also served 
in Company H, ist Regiment, Missouri Volunteer Cavalry 
from December, 1862, to June i, 1865. Andy, as he is 



25S HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

usually called by his old acquaintances, was sent to the 
general hospital at Springfield, Missouri, October 17, 1S63, 
and was treated therein for disease contracted on forced 
march during; said month of October. In about three 
months he was ordered to rejoin his regiment, but reaching 
post headquarters, Springfield, Missouri, he was detailed as 
clerk at said post, and for several months, while he was only 
seventeen years old, he was performing important duties, 
such as issuing passes to soldiers and civilians to pass guards 
and through picket lines out of the post. He was detailed 
from there as clerk to Major C. B. McAfee, Judge Advocate 
of the Court Martial and Military Commission of District of 
Southwest Missouri. 

Before this court the arguments were not orally made by 
the attorneys, as in state courts, but the sjoeeches and argu- 
ments were written, and his duty was mostly to copy these, 
and of them many by Gov. John S. Phelps, Col. John M. 
Richardson and other prominent attorneys of that time at 
Springfield. He has said the onl}' criticism he received was 
for bad guessing at some of Gov. Phelps' words; but to those 
who were familiar with the Governor's hand-writing there 
will be no surprise at a few bad guesses, especially by a 
young man who did not know what the Governor was going 
or ought to say. 

Soon after this detail he was promoted to special order 
clerk to General John B. Sanborn, commanding district 
Southwest Missouri, and served in that capacity until mus- 
tered out of service. Here Andy had opportunity to see all 
officers, scouts and detectives calling on and in consultation 
with Gen. Sanborn, and they were many. No doubt many 
officers and others scattered over many states now have orders 
in their possession written by the young soldier. While in 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 259 

the service he attended evening schools, and the general 
training and experience he had during his tertn of military 
service added materially to the foundation of his future life. 

After his muster out at Davenport, Iowa, he returned to 
Springfield, Missouri, and clerked in post-office and dry 
goods stores until early in 1866, when he returned to Polk 
county, and, being in feeble health, he did not resume farm- 
ing, but tried canvassing for books, shipping apples to Kan- 
sas, and soon began teaching school. In this he succeeded 
for two and a half years, so far as rendering satisfaction to 
parents and pupils was concerned. It was in this avocation 
he began to acquire, and to realize the value of friends, and 
while all were his friends, the most valued and substantial 
was Uncle Andrew Turk, who died in March, 1870. To this 
noble friend Andy regrets he never had opportunity fully to 
pay in some way the debt of obligation and appreciation he 
owed him, death having intervened. 

In February, 1869, he went to Bolivar and attended for 
five months the academic school of Prof. James A. Rice, 
who died suddenly about two years ago in Washington, D. 
C, while in the employ of the U. S. Pension Bureau. Bol- 
ivar has been his home ever since, and he has beeij merchant, 
county officer, and special examiner of the U. S. Pension 
Bureau. Those who have known him from boyhood know 
his struggles against adverse conditions, and can account for 
the great abundance of sympathy he has, in his busy life, al- 
ways manifested toward poor and struggling humanity; and 
if such cannot be a fault, this certainly is one of the extreme 
phases of his life. It is very doubtful that any one in distress 
or need ever went to him for comfort and was turned away 
by an unsympathetic heart or failed to receive a helping hand. 
He has been enterprising as well as charitable, and has aided 



26o HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

in various ways in advancing the material interests of the 
county. The location and establishment at Bolivar of the 
Southvs'est Baptist College was one of the most earnest under- 
takings of his life. 

In conjunction with Eld. Jehu Robinson and the la- 
mented Maupin, Andy began in December, 187S, to organ- 
ize Baptists and enterprising friends for the successful effort 
that was made during the following year. Through his ef- 
forts mass meetings were held in Bolivar, and a county com- 
mittee appointed, of which he was its chairman, and this 
committee and other enlisted friends, circulated subscriptions 
over Polk and adjoining counties, pledging means for con- 
struction of the college building at Bolivar. Bolivar ap- 
pointed a delegation consisting of Judge Dunnegan, O. D. 
Knox, Esq., now deceased. Major A. C. Lemmon, now of 
Dallas, Texas, H. Boone and brother Hunter to present her 
claims before Southwest Baptist convention at Strafford, 
Greene county, Missouri, in early part of the year 1879, be- 
fore whom Mr. Knox and Major Lemmon made special pleas 
for the citizens of Bolivar. 

As soon as location was settled, the board of trustees 
appointed a building committee to take charge of the con- 
struction of the building. Brother Hunter was made chair- 
man of that committee and assisted Bros. Robinson and 
Maupin and Judge Dnnnegan in the completion of the build- 
ino-. Bro. Maupin, whose labors in this connection can 
never be estimated, can not tell us the trials the committee 
had in the completion of the college building. 

Those who casually look on that structure can not and 
never will realize the trials and struggles Bros. Maupin, 
Robinson and Hunter had to undergo in constructing it. 
With brother Hunter it was time and means. He was the 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 25l 

most substantial contributor, and although in a few years 
thereafter he could have been temporally benefited by the 
sum of his contributions to the institution, he not only never 
regretted his gifts to it, but the thoughts of it consoled him. 
He has continued to feel thankful for what he did for the 
cause of education and Christianity. He and others have 
lived to witness the glorious results of our school scattered 
over southwest Missouri. Brother Hunter was a member 
of the board of trustees of the college from 1879 to 1S87, and 
during most of that period was its secretary. 

In politics as in any other cause in which he has enlisted 
his thought and energy, he has been an earnest and constant 
advocate of the principles of the Democratic party, birt 
while he has been active and contributed much of his time 
and means to the organization and life of the party, he has 
avoided the offensive acts of the machine politician. This 
is evidenced by the fact that he never was defeated by the 
people when he appealed to them for support, and in a 
county predominated by a substantial opposition majority. 
He has been honored by his township, city, county and 
government, and most of his years of majority has held places 
of public trust. His first office was clerk of Marion Town- 
ship (Polk county) school board, and organized the first 
colored school taught in the county. At the fall election in 
1870, he was elected to the office of Polk county's first re- 
corder of deeds, which he filled full term of four years, and 
in 1874 was elected clerk of the circuit court and served in 
that office from January, 1875, to January, 1879, and having 
been elected clerk of the county court at the fall election of 
1878, he filled that office until January, 1883, making twelve 
continuous years in Polk county's court house. It is doubt- 
ful that any man was better known by the people of Polk 



262 HISTORY OF FOLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOST. 

county than was Andy Hunter, during his official career in 
the county. 

Retiring from public office early in 1S83, he gave his 
attention to mercantile business in Bolivar, Polk and Fair 
Play, and in this, from an over-extension of credit and entry 
of period of hard times he did not succeed, and in a short 
space of two or three years, 1884 to 18S6, he saw his ac- 
cumulations of years of toil swept from him and his family, 
as if by a cyclone. Although without health, income or 
property, he did not lose resolution or hope, and in this sort 
of adversity in which men younger and physically stronger 
had given up, he told his friends he would live to see sunnier 
days. His losses did not grieve him, except as they might 
affect those who had entrusted him. 

In July, 1SS6, he passed a creditable and successful exam- 
ination before civil service commission in St. Louis for position 
of special examiner for United States Pension Bureau, and 
in November, 1SS7, he received appointment of clerk in said 
Bureau, and at a time when he was beginning to succeed in 
real estate business. He arranged his affairs and proceeded 
to Washington, D. C. He entered upon the duties of his 
office December i, 1887, and performing his duty in a satis- 
factory manner at his desk in the Bureau, he was com- 
missioned on February S, 188S, a special examiner and sent 
to the field, and with exception of a few months work in the 
department at Washington in 1S91 and 1893, he has had 
charge of a district in the southeast part of Kansas with 
headquarters at Parsons ever since. During his nine years 
work as such officer he has handled many hundred pension 
claims, aiding many worthy claimants in securing their pen- 
sions. While at this work he has also developed and investi- 
gated many criminal cases and some of the most fraudulent 



s 



i: 



L 



^ 9- 



ti»7% 




Mrs, a. J. Hunter, 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 263 

and noted cases of that time. He has not only recovered 
many thousand dollars fraudulently procured from the gov- 
ernment, but has seen many criminals brought to justice in 
the United States courts at Topeka, Leavenw^orth, Wichita, 
Kansas City, Springfield, Ft. Smith and Ft. Scott. For 
his efficient services he has been many times complimented 
by his superiors, as well as promoted. 

In 1S76 he attended the Centennial Exhibition at Phila- 
delphia as an honorary member of the board from Missouri, 
under the commission of the Governor, and since 1874 he has 
attended every Democratic national convention but one. Few 
men have seen more of the political leaders of all parties and 
public men of the nation than he. In his younger days much 
of his reading and study were the biography and lives of lead- 
ing men of this and other countries, but his relish was for 
those of his own country. 

June 5th, 1870, he was united in marriage with Miss 
Sallie Long, of Folk county, whose portrait accompanies 
this sketch. Mrs. Hunter is a daughter of Noah and Nancy 
(Selrel) Long, and was born in Mason county, now West 
Virginia, March 23, 1S50. She is a representative of a large 
family of German extraction, who by their industry and fi'u- 
gality prospered at farming in the productive valleys of the 
Shenandoah and Kanawha. Her grandfather, Nathan Long, 
was born in what is now Page county, Virginia, September 
13, 1784, and died in Mason county. West Virginia, May 21, 
1855. The grandmother, Maria Long, nee Kaufman, was 
born September 9, 1790, and died July 15, 1854. 

Her father, Noah Long, was born in Page county, No- 
vember 20, 1809, and died July 3, 1863, the eldest of eight 
children, all of whom are dead except Mrs. Nancy Maxon 
Gilman, of Ohio, and Mrs. Maria Ayers, of West Virginia. 



264 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOBT, 

Her mother was born in Indiana October 17, 1S20; died 
April 15, 1873. 

Her parents were married in Madison county, Indiana 7 
in 1837, but resided in West Virginia until their removal to 
Polk county, Missouri, in 1855, and of that union twelve 
children were born, as follows: Mary, November 12, 1838,' 
Margaret, May 18, 1840; George, February 24, 1842; Eliza^ 
February 19, 1843; Catharine, December 14, 1845; Maria 
Ann, April 13,1848; Sallie, March 22, 1850; Elizabeth, Au- 
gust 20, 1S52; Reuben, December 1 1, 1854 ; Josephine, born 
Febrviary 10, 1841, and died Januar}' 26, 1842 ; Nathan, born 
May 8, 1856, died January 15, 1S71 •, Johnnie, born January 
10, 1863, died September 15, 1863. 

Quite a representation of this large family are yet alive, 
five daughters and one son, thirty-four grandchildren and 
five great-grandchildren. Mary died December 26, 1S55 ; 
Eliza, who had married Wayne Simpson, May 6, 1859, died 
February 10, i860; George died in 1850, and Nathan died 
January 15, 1871. M-^rgaret married Wm. G. W^ainscott, 
March 22, i860, and now has eight children living, and two 
grandchildren. She and her husband are living near Cross, 
Oklahoma territory. Catherine and John S. Looney were 
married March 5, 1863. Reside in Bolivar, Missouri, and 
have five children and one grandchild living. Maria A. 
married Chas. H. Hockenhull, September 27, 1874, Her 
husband died January 17, 1892, and she with her four chil- 
dren are residing in Bolivar. Elizabeth and James M. Zum- 
walt were married December 6, 1868, and for nearly twenty- 
seven years have lived on their farm at Polk. They have 
nine children living and one grandchild. Reuben Long first 
married Miss Zourie Turk, who lived only a short time, and 
November 22, 1S79, he again married, and to Miss Emma 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOlSr. 265 

Martin by whom he has four children living. He lives on 
his farm near Polk. 

Mrs. Hunter's father was murdered July 4, 1S63, thus 
taking away one of Polk county's most substantial citizens. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hunter lost their fathers under like circum- 
stances and in the same year. The mother of Mrs. Hunter 
died April 24, 1S73. Five children have been born as fruit 
of the union of brother and. sister Hunter, and dates of birth 
are: Edgar Fenimore, April 3, 1S71 ; Annie, February 11, 
1873, and died October 30th same year; Jessie Maude, born 
January iS, 1S76; Andrew Jackson, January 28, 1878, and 
Frederick Ray, October 27, 1881. Their eldest child, Edgar 
F., was united in marriage with Miss Ida Mae Bigbie, Oc- 
tober 10, 1894, at Cameron, Texas, at which place they now 
reside, and have one child. 

Mrs. Sallie (Long) Hunter, whose womanly and Chris- 
tian character has not only fitted her for a kind and affection- 
ate wife and mother, but a faithful, charitable Christian 
worker, amidst her duties and devotion to her family, is faith- 
ful, prompt and devoted to her church duties, and always 
ready to assist in the removal of burdens from the distressed. 

The husband and children can the more realize the great 
worth of such a wife and mother, but those of church and 
society who have been her co-laborei's fully appreciate the as- 
sistance of such a constant and earnest worker. She prefers 
to see the results of good work, rather than talk of them. 

Professing the Christian faith in June, 1871, she joined 
Mt. View Baptist church, and on December 3, 1S76, her 
husband became a member of the same church, and in the 
fall of 1877, they placed their letters with the Baptist church 
at Bolivar, of which they are still members, although they 
have attended Baptist church at Parsons, Kansas, almost 



266 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

regularly for eight years, and sister Hunter has been an ac- 
tive member of ladies aid society, besides assisting at all 
times in general charitable work. These two persons have 
been liberal with their means, giving to church, charity, and 
laudable enterprises, and aiding in building churches of all 
denominations. 




Eld. J. R. Maupin. 



BOOK IV. 



COLLEGE HISTORY. 




Southwest Baptist col- 
lege was instituted in 
the year 1878, in the 
city of Lebanon, La- 
clede county, Missouri. 
Beginning its work Sep- 
tember 17th, ending its 
first year in June, 1879. 
Let us notice the steps 
that led to its erection. 
LaGrange college is sit- 
uated in Lewis county, 
Missouri. Presided over 
Southwest Baptist College. by Dr. J. F. Cook. In 

this seat of learning were two young men, Jas. R. Maupin, of 
Schuyler county, Missouri, and A. S. Ingman, of Marion countj', 
Missouri. They roomed together and their hearts were knit 
together in the strongest bonds of Christian fellowship. It oc- 
curred to them that it would be a great achievement to establish 
a college somewhere, at some future time; but where? In their 
search, they found Lebanon to be the most available location. 
Here they began their work. Secured a charter March 19, 1878, 
with the name and style. Southwest Baptist college. Meanwhile 
a convention, composed of delegates from the churches, had been 



268 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

organized in 1876, and had met often tog-ether to discuss Bible 
subjects at different churches, were now meeting- annually. This 
convention took upon it the care of thie college. Elected the 
trustees. The trustees elected the President and with his advice 
the remaining faculty was chosen. Eld. J. R. Maupin was chosen 
president for five years beginning November 8, 1878, and ending 
June, 1883. Prof. A. S. Ingman was chosen professor of Latin 
and Literature; Mrs. A. Maupin principal of female department 
and teacher of instrumental music; Miss Lydia Hansbrough, pro- 
fessor of mathematics; Eld. T. L. Lewis, professor of history 
and English literature; Eld. R. K. Maiden, tutor. 

We will go back a moment and notice again some of the 
steps. Eld. Ingman arrived at Lebanon July 23, 1878. Eld. 
Maupin had been there some days. On the 34th they started out 
to canvass the field in the interest of Southwest Baptist college. 
They rode on horseback over several counties. Let Prof. Ingman 
speak: "We rode thousands of miles on horseback this summer 
and the summer following, preaching the gospel and working for 
the college. I remember to have been in my saddle every day for 
four full weeks together, and that other thing of blessed memory 
I recall, that at the end of two as hard years of work as I have 
ever done I had no more money than at the beginning. Many 
times did Bro. Maupin and I, at the noon hour, turn our jaded 
steeds upon the rich roadside pastures of the Ozarks and lay us 
down in the shade of some kindly tree, our saddles serving as 
restful pillows. For dinner — well, we had a retrospect of the 
past, a prophecy of the future, and the goodness of God. To dig, 
we hadn't time; to beg, we were ashamed; money, we had none, 
and no man gave unto us. These noonings were sometimes quite 
pleasant when we were together, but when one poor fellow had 
to 'noon' by himself— ah! memory desires to come away." 

" I remember one time up in Hickory county, as we were 
about to part, to be separated some weeks, that I said to Brother 
Maupin that I did not see how I could go on but a few days 
more, without stopping to dig for a while, as my pants were worn 
out, and I did not have a whole dollar left. A 'collection' was in 
order. We gave liberally. We gave all we had. $2.50 was found 
in the ' hat.' The pants were bought, 'God bless you' was said 




Eld. a. S. Ingman. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 269 

by each to the other, the parting- hand was given, and each went 
his way 'dead broke,' out into the wide, wide world, of wliich, to 
us, Southwest Baptist college was the center and hub." 

"God was always good to us. We had great opposition on the 
part of open enemies, and of good but misguided brethren. The 
wise and kindly counsel of the brethren was always appreciated 
by us. The hearty welcome to the hearts and homes of the peo- 
ple was to us an unspeakable blessing. Our trust was in God. 
Our watchword in times of trial and adversity was, ' By the grace 
of God we will succeed.' Almost every hill and valley in the 
southwest heard our prayers. Best of all, God heard them! The 
college walls were cemented by prayer. If it be God's will, may 
they stand till thrown down by the earthquake of the resurrec- 
tion." 

A proposition was submitted to the Baptist communities in 
the southwest for the permanent establishment of the college, to 
be decided in favor of the most liberal donations. The lot fell 
upon Bolivar, and the second year the college was opened, in the 
fall of 1879, occupying an old building on the northeast corner of 
the public square, in Bolivar, Mo. The colleg'e building was in 
process of erection, the corner stone having been laid April 18, 
1879. 

The second year, 1879-80. — The closing exercises were witness- 
ed in the new building. To the faculty of last j'^ear was added 
Eld. B. McCord Roberts, lecturer in moral philosophy and evi- 
dences of Christianity; Dr. J. E. Loafman, lecturer in anatomy, 
physiology and hygiene; E. E. Ayres, B. M., professor of vocal 
and instrumental music; N. T. Allison, principal preparatory de- 
partment; J. M. Yarbrough, assistant in preparatory department 
and librarian and secretary of faculty. There were two societies, 
the Philomatheans and Mathetropheans. The laws for the gov- 
ernment of the students were strict, but parental. The college 
had a small library of about 300 volumes, contributed by Elds. R. 
J. Terrell, T. L. Lewis and I. Ingram, and Drs. H. L. Green and 
L. C. Frazier; also the editor of the Bolivar Herald and others 
added valuable works. 

Third year, 1880-81. — The school is divided into three terms. 
The additions to the faculty this year are Prof. W. A. Wilson, A. 



270 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

M., professor of Latin, and was elected vice-president; H. A. In- 
g-ram, principal of commercial department; Miss Georgia Bond, 
teacher of music; Mrs. Carrie Wilson, principal of preparatory 
department. Thos. O. Gary and Miss Sallie Maupin, of the Ger- 
man class, the firsL to recite in the new building-. 

Fourth year, 1881-82. — Additions to the faculty this year were 
Mrs. Nannette M. Cook, A. B., belles-lettres and history; Eld. J. 
F. Suter, A. B., pedagogics and assistant in mathematics. 
I''ive graduates in literary course and two in commercial. Brief 
sketches are given of each. Five states and 20 counties are re- 
presented in the college besides the Indian Territory. 

Fifth year, 1883-83. — The additions to the faculty this year 
are Prof. J. M. Leavitt, A. B., higher mathematics, book-keeping, 
commercial law and normal methods; Mrs. Florence Leavitt, 
vocal and instrumental music; Mrs. D. E. Schofield, primary 
department; Prof. J. M. Willard, secretary of faculty; Alonzo 
Shriner, librarian. Four graduates this year. Sketches in 
another part. 

Sixth year, 1883-84. — The faculty the same as last year except 
that Miss May E. Mitchell was chosen to the chair of English 
literature and elementary mathematics. This was a prosperous 
and successful year. 

Seventh year, 1884-85. — Eld. A. S. Ingman is president. The 
additions to the facultj' are C. S. Taylor, jr., A. B., tutor in 
mathematics and English language; Miss Belle Hansbrough, 
principal of primary department, and Prof. R. M. Parks. One 
graduate, Arthur S. Dunn. 

Eighth year, 1885-86. — Prof. J. M. Leavitt is president. New 
members of the faculty, Lawrence Johnson, A. M., professor of 
Greek, Latin and elocution; Eld. C. W. Alexander, B. S., pro- 
fessor mental and moral philosophy, evidences of Christianity 
and assistant in mathematics; Miss E. M. Sanford, A. B., normal 
methods, phonography and assistant in natural science; A. H. 
Schofield, librarian. Library has about 600 volumes. 

Ninth year, 1886-87.— Eld. WilmotJ. Hunter, A. M., professor 
Greek, Latin and elocution, and Prof. S. L. Webb, A. B., pro- 
fesssor natural sciences and assistant in mathematics and Miss 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 271 

Annie Allen were added to the faculty. Ten graduates recorded 
elsewhere. 

Tenth year, 1887-8. — Board of curators assume control of the 
college. Prof. J. M. Leavitt president pro tem., Hunter and Webb 
teachers. Prof. Webb resigned and Prof. J. C. Pike elected to fill 
his place, and Miss Lillie Sanford, prof essor of history and assist- 
ant in natural science, elected January 3.5, 1888. Six graduates. 
Full sketches given. 

Eleventh year, 1888-9. — The board of curators still in control. 
The same faculty at work until April 1, 1889, when a new faculty 
was chosen in the persons of Eld. W. H. Burnham, A. M., D. D., 
president. Prof. J. R. Downer, R. E. Burks and J. R. Lightfoot. 
There were eight graduates. 

Twelfth year, 1889-90.— Eld. W. H. Burnham, D. D., president, 
professor of mental and moral science; Jas. A. Beauchamp, A. B., 
professor of mathematics; Prof. R. E. L. Burks, A. B., professor 
of ancient languages; Prof. J. R. Lightfoot, B. L., professor of 
natural sciences; Miss Ella Prather, B. M., teacher instrumental 
and vocal music; Miss Ida O. Post, principal preparatory depart- 
ment. 

Thirteenth year, 1890-91. — Faculty as last year with following 
additions: Jas. T. Johnson, A. B., L. I., professor of mathematics 
and modern languages; Miss Pearl Burnham, A. M., principal pre- 
paratory department; B. H. Parrish, B. C, principal commercial 
department; Miss Sue Duncan, B. M., musical department. Nine 
ministerial students. Six graduates, one post-graduate. Library 
has about 1,000 volumes. Some apparatus for scientific demon- 
stration. 

Fourteenth year, 1891-3.— Eld. R. E. L. Burks, A. M., presi- 
dent, professor of Latin, Greek and moral science; Prof. A. B. 
Bush, A. M., professor mathematics and modern languages; other 
teachers were J. R. Lightfoot, Mrs. D. E. Schofield, Miss Ella C. 
Prather, J. L. Leonard, librarian. Seven ministerial students. 
Three graduates. 

Fifteenth year, 1893-3. — The same faculty as last year, except 
Mrs. E. M. (Sanford) Lovelace, A. B., English and assistant in 
ancient languages; Miss Lena Simmons, A. B., assistant in science 
and language. Two graduates, one literary, one musical. 



272 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Sixteenth year, 1893-4. — The same faculty as last year. There 
are three departments of instruction, collegiate, prepai'atory and 
musical. In the collegiate department there are seven schools, 
viz: Moral philosophy, mathematics and astronomy, Greek, 
natural science, Latin, English and modern languages. 

Seventeenth year, 1894-95. — Asa E. Bush, A. M., president, 
(West Virginia University), professor metaphysics and mathe- 
matics. The teachers added this year ar« Clarence C. Lewis, A. 
M., (Ohio University and University of Glasgow, Scotland), pro- 
fessor of ancient languages; Dr. J. E. Loaf man, M. D., lecturer in 
anatomy, physiology and hj'g-ine; C. E. Higgins, B. S. (Southwest 
Baptist college), instructor in preparatory department; Miss 
Emma P. Van Hooser, (Shurtleff college) professor vocal and 
instrumental music, delsarte and elocution. Seven graduates in 
literary and one in musical. 

Eighteenth year, 1895-96. — Faculty as last year except that 
Clarence C. Lewis resigned a little before the expiration of last 
year. Miss Gertrude Hockenhull was chosen to assist in the 
preparatory department. 

TRUSTEES. 

Eld. Jehu Robinson, Glensted, 1878 to 1884. 

S. Bass, Strafford, 1878 to 1880. 1883 to 1884. 

H. Boone, Bolivar, 1878 to 1885. 

*Eld. A. C. Bradley, Ash Grove, 1878 to 1880. 

Levi F. Beckner, Conway, 1878 to 1879. 

Eld. G. L. Burke, Dennis, 1878 to 1879. 

W. J. Frazier, Springfield, 1878 to 1879. 

Eld. Jacob Good, Marshfield, 1878 to 1879. 

J. B. Henslee, Springfield, 1879 to 1879. 

*Eld. Chas. Ingram, Montevallo, 1878 to 1883. 

Eld. T. L. Lewis, Bolivar, 1878 to 1880. 

*Eld. B. McCord Roberts, Bolivar, 1878 to 1883. 

*Eld. Jas. Schofield, Buffalo, 1878 to 1883. 

*Jno. B. Thurman, Greenfield, 1878 to 1880. 

G. A. Howerton, Long Lane, 1878 to 1893. 

Capt. Thos. Higginbotham, Bolivar, 1879 to 1884, 

Dr. J. E. Loafman, Bolivar, 1879 to 1892. 

*Deceased. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 273 

Eld. D. P. Brockus, sr. Schofield, 1S79 to 1897. 

A. J. Hunter, Bolivar, 1879, to 1887. 

Eld. D. G. Young, Greenfield, 1880 to 1883. 

Eld. T. J. Akins, Humansville, 1880 to 1883. 

M. N. Wills, Lamar, 1880 to 1883. 

Dr. G. W. Givens, Windsor, 1880 to 1883. 

Eld. J. C. T. Wood, Walnut Grove, 1880 to 1881. 

Arch Hopper, Humansville, 1882 to 188.5. 

*Eld. Isaac Ingram, Slagle, 1883 to 1885. 

Hon. M. L. Reynolds, Buffalo, 1883 to 1894. 

W. A. Nelson, D. D., wSpringfield, 1884 to 1885. 

W. S. M. Barnett, Polk, 1884 to 1887. 

Eld. J. W. Haines, Bolivar, 1884 to 1897. 

Jas. P. Slagle, Slagle, 1884 to 1897. 

Eld. B. L. Mitchell, Knobnoster, 1884 to 1887. 

*Wm. Gary, Bolivar, 1885 to 1890. 

*Eld. J. R. Maupin, Bolivar, 1885 to 1885. 

D. B. Gray, Bolivar, 1885 to 1897. 

R. W. Richardson, Omaha, 1885 to 1887. 

*E. Austin, Bolivar, 1886 to 1889. 

J. P. Brownlow, Buffalo, 1887 to 1887. 

Capt. W. M. Delaplain, Bolivar, 1887 to 1897. 

C. W. Hamlin, Springfield, 1887 to 1893. 

*C. T. Robinson, Bolivar, 1889 to 1893. 

W. S. Askren, Bolivar, 1889 to 1897. 

A. J. Lower, Bolivar. 1889 to 1892. 

*J. W. Burks, Humansville, 1888 to 1890. 

Dr. I. M. Jones, Bolivar, 1890 to 1897. 

Eld. B. F. Chamberlin, Polk, 1891 to 1897. 

J. 0. McGee, Fair Play, 1891 to 

Eld. O. L. Brovvnson, Palmyra, 1892 to 

*H. C. Turk, Bolivar, 1893 to 

Judge N. Pope, Preston, 1893 to 1897. 

H. B. Utley, Bolivar. 

J. L. Kinder, Bolivar. 

Jno. H. Tatum, Springfield. 

Eld. J. H. Stinecipher, Buffalo. 

J. T. Wilson, Bolivar, 1896 to 1897. 

♦Deceased. 



274 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTr BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

ELD. J. K. MAUPIN. 

Eld. J. R. Maupin, the first president of Southwest Baptist 
college, was born in Schuyler county, Missouri, June 19, 1853. 
He obtained bis early education in the public schools of Illinois, 
and taught in the district schools of Missouri. He entered La 
Grange college, where he took the degree of A. B. in 1877, followed 
by the degree of A. M. soon afterwards. He began to preach in 
1874, and became pastor of Ten Mile Baptist church, in Lewis 
count3^ Missouri, in the same year. He was also missionary in 
Wyaconda and Mt. Pleasant associations for a short time. After 
his graduation he attended one session of the theological sem- 
inary at Morgan Park, 111. 

He was elected president of the Southwest Baptist college in 
1878, and continued to hold this office until 1885, with what ef- 
ficiency can be seen by the general work of the school in that 
period, and its successful following in after years. He was for a 
short time editor and proprietor of the Baptist Herald, at Leb- 
anon, Mo. He was elected a member of the board of trustees im- 
mediately on his resignation of the presidency of the faculty. In 
the summer of 1885 he moved to Kansas City for the purpose of 
establishing a Baptist paper, but on October 8, 1885, death called 
and his labors were ended. 

ELD. A. S. INGMAN. 

Eld. A. S. Ingman, the second president of the college, was 
born in INIarion county, Missouri, March 12, 1855, and was one of 
its first professors. He was also secretary of the faculty until 
his resignation in 1880. He had been a student at LaGrange, and 
also of the theological seminary at Louisville, Kentucky. He was 
elected president of Southwest Baptist college in May, 1885, and 
resigned the 27th of February following, on account of ill health. 
He was elected pastor of the church at Bolivar on Thursday, Sep- 
tember 2, 1886, and continued in that office until September 1, 
1887. He returned to Lewis county, Missouri, where he enjoys 
good health and the unbounded love of the brethren in the busy 
field of pastoral labor. His wife. Sister Lydia, enjoys good health. 
The Lord has conferred on them many favors. He has given them 
good brethren and sisters in the churches, good health, and six 
good children, three girls and three boys. The names of the girls 




Mrs. Lydia Ingman. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 275 

are, Louanna, Laura and Mary; the boys are, David King, Ray 
Hansbroug-h and Abner Smith, jr. Their ages are as follows: 
Louanna, born Nov. 3, 1881; Laura Frances, born March 18, 1883; 
Mary Belle, born May 30. 1885; David King, born June 14, 1890; 
Ray Hansbrough, born December 3, 1892; Abner Smith, jr., born 
March 22, 1895. 

Prof. J. M. Leavitt, Dr. W. H. Burnham, Eld. R. E. L. Burks 
and Prof. A. B. Bush occupied the president's chair successively 
after the departure of Elds. Maupin and Ingman. Brief histories 
have been written in the third book. We will now prsesent the 
promised sketches of the graduates, as far as could be ascertained. 

CLASS OF 1882. 

William S. Ayres was born in Russell ville, Kentucky, October 
10, 1862, and removed to Sulphur Springs, Texas, when he was 
about ten years old. He received his early education from his 
father, who was a teacher; attended Southwest Baptist college 
in 1880, and was graduated in 1882 with the degree of A. B., fol- 
lowed by the degree of A. M., in 1885. He entered the Newton 
Center Theological Institution in the fall of 1882. Six months 
before his graduation he was called to one of the most influential 
churches in the east, the Morthen Street Baptist church, Lowell, 
Mass. Thinking that the work was too large for so young a 
man, he would not give his consent to accept. They urged, how- 
ever, and he accepted; was ordained June 4, 1885; was graduated 
on the 12th with the degree of B. D., and began his pastorate on 
the following Sunday. He is still the pastor of Morthen Street 
church, and is endeavoring to have a new church building, the 
old one, after serving its purpose for fifty years, was burned 
down on the last day of the old year. 

May E. Mitchell entered college at Bolivar in 1879, and was 
graduated in the class of 1882 with the degree of B. S., followed 
in 1885 by the degree of M. S. She taught the grammar school of 
the Hiawatha, Kansas, public schools from the time of her grad- 
uation until she was recalled in 1884 to take a position in the fac- 
ulty of her alma mater, where she remained until 1885, when^she 
was married to Eld. O. L. Brownson, a class-mate, and removed 
to Shelbina, Missouri, and has ever proved to be a pastor's help- 
meet until the Lord called her from earth to heaven, during the 
pastorate in Springfield, Missouri. 




E. K Maiden, 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 277 

Eld. E. K. Maiden entered the college in 1879 and was gradu- 
ated in 1882 with the degree of B. S., followed hy M. S., in 1885. 
He is a minister of the gospel and has been pastor of a number of 
churches in Polk and Greene counties. Since he has left this 
field he has been called to the care of Pleasant Hill Baptist 
church in Cass county, Missouri, serving them a number of years. 
He afterward accepted a call from the church at Nevada, Missouri, 
subsequently at Independence, Missouri, where, rumor says, he 
has been instrumental in building up a strong church and a 
magnificent church house. Recentlj^ he resigned his charge at 
that place, but the people were not willing to accept his resigna- 
tion. However, he has accepted the care of a church at Carthage 
and has entered upon his labors at that place. On Tuesday, June 
2, 1896, the board of trustees of Southwest Baptist college con- 
ferred degree of D. D. on Eld. Robert K. Maiden. At night Eld. 
Maiden delivered the annual address to the literary societies of 
Southwest Baptist college. The theme "Life's Dimensions," 
looking at life from three standpoints of individualism, socialism 
and spiritism. His discourse was replete with profound thought, 
as he displayed in his inimitable way, the symmetrical character 
of the well developed man. It was truly an intellectual feast. 
Eld. Maiden has recently accepted the care of a church at Lee's 
Summit and will also engage with Eld. S. M. Brown in the 
establishment of a Baptist jDaper in Kansas City, Missouri, 
called the Word and Viay. 

Nathaniel T. Allison, of Higginsville, Mo., after teaching 
several j^ears, entered Southwest Baptist college in 1879, and was 
graduated in 1882 with the degree of B. S., and in 188.5 with the 
degree of M. S., followed in 1887 with the honorary degree of A. 
M. He was principal of the primary department 1879-81, pro- 
fessor of languages and literature 1881-3, secretary of faculty 
from 1879 to 1883, principal of high school in Sumpterville, Flor- 
ida, 1883 to 1884, principal of high school in Louisiana, Mo. He 
was in business a year in Alabama and Georgia. He was presi- 
dent of Lafayette college. He has held several pastorates in 
Missouri, but had to give up the ministry on account of throat 
troubles. 



27S HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

Olean S. Brownson came to Bolivar in 1S79 and entered col- 
lege and was graduated with the degree of B. S. in 1883, followed 
by M. S. in 1885. He is a minister of the gospel. He has been 
pastor of the church at Appleton City, Shelbina, Springfield and 
Palmyra, Mo. 

CLASS OF 1883. 

Thomas O. Cary was born in Mercer county, Pennsj'lvania, 
and entered the college in 1879, and was graduated in 1883 with 
the degree of B. S., followed in 1886 by the degree of M. S. He 
has for a number of 3^ears been engaged in business in Bolivar, 
Mo., also in Trinidad, Colorado, and is at present in Bolivar. 

James M. Yarbrough entered the institution in 1878 and grad- 
uated in 1883 with the degree of B. S., followed by the degi*ee of 
M. S. in 1886. He was for a number of years assistant in the pre- 
paratory department of the college. After his graduation he be- 
came principal of the Walnut Grove, Mo., public schools. Mar- 
ried a Miss Wood and settled down in Springfield, Mo., and en- 
gaged in the insurance business. Was elected November 6, 1894, 
to the office of circuit clerk of Greene county, Missouri. 

Eld. Judson A. Elliott was born in Hamilton county, Ohio, 
September 15, 1855, and was educated in the public schools of 
Illinois and Kansas. He entered the college in 1879 and gradu- 
ated in 1883 with the degree of B. S., followed by the degree of 
M. S. in 1886. He was financial agent of the college in 1883 and 
1884. He was examined bj' the executive committee of American 
Baptist Missionary union, November 17, 1885. Passed a successful 
examination, but for want of means the board advised him to en- 
ter Morgan Park theological seminarj', which he did, and remain- 
ed until spring, when he accepted the care of the Deer Park 
church, La Salle, 111. Continued his pastoral labors until the fall 
of 1887, when he entered the Southern Baptist Theological sem- 
inary, where he desired to complete his theological course. He 
accepted the care of the church at Monticello, Illinois. He is 
now ('95) pastor of a Baptist church in Kansas City, Mo. He is 
the fortunate possessor of an amiable helpmeet, the partner of 
his toils and his life, the daughter of the venerable Jehu Robin- 
son. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 279 

Emma M. Young studied and taught for some time in an 
academy at Greenfield, Mo., after which she entered the college 
at Bolivar in 18S1, and was graduated in 1883 with the degree of 
A. B., followed by A. M. in 1886. She was soon after examined 
by the Mission board of the Southern Baptist convention for for- 
eign missions. She was passed, and sailed from San Francisco 
December 7, 1883, on the steamship Arabic, arriving at Hong Kong 
January 8, 1884. In one j-ear she had learned the Chinese lan- 
guage and taken charge of a school. , She has established a school 
for girls, built a §1,300 school house, translated Bunyan's Holy 
War in Cantonese vernacular, and is superintending several other 
schools. After remaining five years she returned to her home 
near Greenfield, Mo. In a few months she was married to Eld. 
Wm. S. Ayres. our first graduate, and went immediately to Low- 
ell, Mass. 

CLASS OF 1885. 

Arthur S. Dunn was born in Efiingham county, Illinois, No- 
vember 16, 1850; moved thence to Garnett, Kansas, thence to La- 
mar, Missouri, attended the high school at Lamar, Missouri, 
several years and entered the Southwest Baptist college in 1881. 
He was graduated in 1885 with the degree of A. B. Was a 
student of pharmacy in the ofiices of G. G. Cunningham, Lamar, 
Missouri, R. G. Pegnes & Co., Siloam Springs, Arkansas, and is 
a prescription clerk in the office of C. B. Mann. Olympia, state 
of Washington. 

CLASS OF 1886. 

Charles W. Alexander entered La Grange college in 1879 and 
remained two years. After teaching for some time, he entered 
Southwest Baptist college in 1883 and was graduated in 1SS6 
with the degree of B. S. During his last year in school he was 
tutor in several branches. He was ordained in 188.S to the gospel 
ministry; entered the Southern Baptist Theological seminary at 
Louisville, Kentucky, in 1886; was pastor of Baptist church at 
Galveston, Indiana. Since called to a church in Illinois; but ru- 
mor tells us that Missouri claims him and that he was comfort- 
ably quartered with a prominent church on her soil until, alas, 
it was so, he took the Oklahoma fever and is now domiciled in 
that promising region, where, formerly the Indian and coyote 



2So HISTORY OF POLK COLNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

held undisputed sway. He has erected a monumental dwelling- 
out of the native sod and enjoys the encouraging- smiles of his 
life long companion, who is none other th-an the earnest, com- 
petent teacher in Southwest Baptist college, Miss Belle Hans- 
brough. Ma}^ heaven's benedictions rest upon them, and as they 
approach the sunset of life, may it be, as the shock of ripe corn is 
gathered into the garner, they, too, shall be safely housed in 
mansions of eternal rest. 

Louis S. Bowerman was born in Dresden, Saxony, May 9, 
1864; was graduated with honors from the Springfield, Missouri, 
high school in 1SS3; entered William Jewell college. Liberty, Mis- 
souri, in 1883, and remained one year; entered Southwest Baptist 
college in 1884, and was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1886. 
One of the citizens' gold medals for excelling in oratory was 
awarded to him in 1886. He entered as a theological student in 
Newton Center, ]Massachusetts, to be graduated in 1889. 

Louis E. Christian was born in Shelby county, Missouri, April 
10, 18.57. After a pastoral course at the Shelbina Collegiate Insti- 
tute at Shelbina, Missouri, he entered Southwest Baptist college 
in 1884, and was graduated with the degree of B. L. in 1886. He 
has for many years been a teacher, and has since his graduation 
taught in Vernon county, Missouri. In 1887 he was elected school 
commissioner of Vernon countj'. 

Columbus I. Davis was born in Dallas county, Missouri, April 
13, 1860. Attended the Buffalo, Mo., high school 1877-82. Began 
the study of law in 1883, but finding his education insufficient, he 
says, -'I believe Providence directed me to Southwest Baptist col- 
lege," where he entered in 1882, and was graduated with the de- 
gree of A. B. in 1886. He received the first gold medal for excel- 
ling in oratory in 1885. He was professor of mathematics in Mt. 
Lebanon college, Louisiana, in 1886-7. In the fall of 1887 he ac- 
cepted a position in the Athenian Institute, Athens, La. Later 
in the year he was elected president of the Coushatta Male and 
Female college, at Coushatta, La. Conducted that school three 
years. Then attended law school in Vanderbilt university one 
year, graduating in 1891. Practiced law in Paris and Dallas, 
Texas, eighteen months. Was in a business college in Flatonia, 
Texas, one session. Chosen to the office of president of Arcadia 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 2S1 

INIale and Female colleg-e, northwest part of Louisiana, in 1893. 
Elected annually for 1894, 1895 and 1896. Was married in Henry- 
county, Missouri, to Miss Alice E. Garland, September 18, 1888. A 
son was born to them Aug-ust 18, 1889, receiving- the euphonious 
name, Garland. 

Orra M. Townsend was born July 26, 18G7. Educated in the 
hig-h schools of Osceola, and Bolivar, Missouri. Entered South- 
west Baptist college in 1883 and was graduated with the degree 
of B. S., in 1886, when 18 years old, and the next youngest of the 
graduates. Studied law in the office of Hon. J. W. Ross, and 
was admitted to the bar at Marshfield, Missouri, in 1887. In the 
fall of 1887 he entered the law department of the University of 
Michigan, where he graduated in 1888, taking the degree of L. L. 
B. He is now ("97) with his father in the abstract office in Boli- 
var, Missouri. He was married to Miss Vernie F. Bushnell, one 
of the graduates in the musical department of Southwest Baptist 
college, June 31, 1893. Vernie was born August 28. 1871. Took 
the degree of B. S. in Southwest Baptist college in 1888, the 
youngest graduate, being 17 years old. 

Wallace W. Lawton entered Southwest Baptist college in 
1881 and was graduated in 1886 with the degree of A. B., since 
which time he has taught in the public schools of St. Clair coun- 
ty, Missouri. He is now ('96) circuit clerk of St. Clair county, 
Missouri. 

J. C. Pike was born at Slagle, Missouri, 
Januarjr 2.5, 1S63; entered Southwest Baptist 
college in 1881. Was awarded a gold medal 
for excellence in oratory iiv 1884, and was 
graduated in 1886 with the degree of B. S. 
Prior to his graduation he taught school, and 
immediately after he was elected professor 
of mathematics and history in Pierce City, 
Mo. Pres. W. A. Wilson says of him: " He 
has given perfect satisfaction in every re- 
spect." The trustees of his alma mater 
"IKE. elected him in 1888 a professor in this insti- 

tution. He is teaching ('96) at Hamilton, Mo., receiving $100 per 
month. 




282 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

CLASS OF 1887. 

Perry T. Allen was born in Clinton county, Illinois, March 
10, 1865; entered the Southwest Normal University at Carbon- 
dale, Illinois, in 1883, and the Southwest Baptist college in 1884; 
was awarded a gold medal for excellency in oratory in 1885, also 
the Hunter prize for the best senior orator in 1887, and was 
graduated with the degree of B. S. in 1887. Studied law in the 
office of prosecuting attorney, Jas. T. Neville, in Bolivar, Mis- 
souri. He married Miss Jennie Wolfoi-d and set up an office in 
Springfield, where he is now ('96) engaged in the practice of law. 

Ada Allen, after a course in the Bolivar high school, entered 
Southwest Baptist college in 1884, and was graduated in 1887 
with the degree of B. S. She received the gold medal in 1885, of- 
fered by Prof. Leavitt for the best recitation. She was elected 
teacher of the grammar school in the public schools of Bolivar in 
the fall of 1887. 

Martha F. Haines was born May 21, 1867, in Monroe county, 
Missouri. Entered college in 1879, and by teaching a part of the 
time, and attending college part she was graduated in 1887 with 
the degree of B. L. In the fall she accepted a position in Frank- 
lin county, Missouri, where she taught. She has taught in the 
public schools of Polk county, Missouri, at Polk, Sunset, Run- 
yan's. Fair Play and at Bolivar. She was married to Mr. N. D. 
Owen at 8 p. m. October 4, 1893. There was born to them a son, 
March 19, 1895, named Cletus Leonard. 

Leonidas O. Lovan entered the college in the year 1884 and 
was graduated in 1887 with ihe degree of B. S. After leaving the 
school he was occupied in his father's store as clerk. 

Arthur T. Matthews, of Fairfield, Mo., entered school at Bol- 
ivar in 1880, and by teaching in the public schools of his own 
county, and attending when not teaching, he completed the 
course in 1887, and was graduated with the degree of B. L. in 
1887, since which time he has been teaching. He was married to 
Miss Nellie W. Stiles May 37, 1888. 

Anna M. Mitchell, of Greenfield, Mo., entered college in 1883, 
and was graduated in 1887 with the degree of B. L. She has 
taught several terms of school, and in the fall of 1887 was elected 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 283 

teacher of the grammar school in the Greenfield public schools. 
She was married, after this, to Mr. Thos. L. Brown, of Areola, 
Dade county, Missouri, who was also a student of the college. 

Demetrius W. Talbot was born in Virginia. After attending 
a commercial college for some time, he entered Southwest Baptist 
college in 1884, and was graduated in 1887 with the degree of B. 
S. Since that time he has engaged in teaching. When the Okla- 
homa territory was opened in 1889 he cast his lot among the eager 
seekers of land ^n the new country, and obtaining a foothold he 
established himself and became one of its enterprising citizens. 
He represented one of the counties in the first legislative assem- 
bly. 

A. H. Schofield was born at Yorkville, 111., April 30, 1866. At- 
tended Springfield, Mo., high school in 1881-2. Entered South- 
west Baptist college in 1883 and was graduated in 1887 with the 
degree of A. B. Became editor and proprietor of the Polk County 
Leader in 1887; removed it to Humansville, Mo., in 1888, and com- 
bined it with the Star, with the hj^phenated name, Star-Leader. 
He was married to Miss Ina Critcher. 

Luella B. Wilcox, after attending the Morrisville college for 
some time, came to the college at Bolivar in 1879. She received 
the Mathetrophean prize for the best recitation in 1885, and was 
graduated in 1887, with the degree of B. L. She was married the 
following summer to Mr. N. C. Faulkner. 

John C. Young entered the college in 1882, and was graduated 
in 1887 with the degree, of A. B. Entered the Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary at Louisville, Ky., in the fall of 1887. He 
graduated in that institution and has been ordained to the gospel 
ministry and called to the care of the church at Gray's Summit, 
in Franklin county, Missouri. 

CLass OF 1888. 

S. A. Hoover, principal of public schools of Bolivar, received 
degree of A. B. in Southwest Baptist college May 24, 1888. 

L. M. Tiller was born in Greene county, Missouri, July, 185.5. 
His parents settled at an earljj^ day in Polk county, Missouri, near 
Pleasant Hope. He entered Drury college, in Springfield; was in 
that school about two years. Taught in Greene and Polk coun- 



284 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION, 

ties seven years. Elected probate judge of Polk county, Missouri, 
filling the office with acceptance. Received honorary degree of 
B. L. by curators and faculty of Southwest Baptist college in 
May, 1888. Married to Miss Lettie Brown, at Bolivar, Mo., Au- 
gust 3, 1892. To them was born a daughter, November 12, 1893, 
named Arva. Judge Tiller is a substantial citizen of Bolivar, and 
has been engag-ed in merchandising since the expiration of his 
office. 

Eld. R. E. L. Burks, A. M., was born in Miller county, Mis- 
souri, September 6, 1864. His parents were Wm. G. and Louisa 
(Granstaff) Burks, who were born in Eidson countj', Tennessee. 
Moved to Callaway county, Missouri, in 1855. The father, Wm. 
G., died in Callaway county, April 7, 1886. The mother, Louisa, 
is living at this date ("97) with her son in Bolivar, Mo. The sub- 
ject of our sketch received his education in part in the public 
schools of Callaway county. Entered William Jewell college in 
the spring of 1885, and remained there one year. Entered South- 
west Baptist college in the spring of 1886, and graduated in 1889 
with the degree of A. B. Since that time he has received the de- 
gree of A. M. from the same institution, and by the same institu- 
tion was called to the chair of Latin and Greek, which chair he 
filled from 1890 to 1895. In addition, he was elected to the office 
of president of Southwest Baptist college in 1892. Eld. Burks 
professed a hope in Christ in 1883 and joined the Union Hill Bap- 
tist church, in Callaway county. Missouri. Licensed by the same 
to pi-each, and was subsequently ordained to the full work of the 
ministry by the Baptist church at Bolivar. Mo., presbytery con- 
sisting of Elds. J. M. Bent, D. D., of Springfield, Mo., J. M. 
Wheeler, pastor of Bolivar church, W. J. Hunter and J. W. 
Haines. Eld. Burks was called to the care of the church at Hu- 
mansville. Mo., in 1889 and served fifteen months, resigning to 
take the chair above named. He was called to the pastorate of 
the church at Prairie Mound, three miles south of Bolivar, and 
Mission Chapel No. 1, twelve miles north of Bolivar, and after- 
ward, November 1, 1893, to the pastorate of Bolivar church, which 
office he filled with singular fidelity and efficiency. Eld. Burks 
resigned the presidency of Southwest Baptist college at the close 
of the school year in 1895, and afterward accepted the care of 




Eld. R. E. L. Burks. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 285 

Webb City Baptist colleg-e, in Jasper county, Missouri, which 
opened in September, 1895. Eld. Burks and Miss Ida Utley were 
married June 20, 1889, in Polk county, Missouri. Their children 
born to them were Willie, born April 1, 1890; Arthur, born Janu- 
ary 10, 1893, and a third child born in Boliyar, Mo., September 37, 
189.5. Miss Ida entered Southwest Baptist college in the year 
1880-81, and continued until 1887-88. Ada, her sister, entered the 
same school in 1879-80. They were twins, born January 5, 1853. 
Miss Ada died November 30, 1881. Their brother, H. B. Utley, 
was born January 13, 1858, and was married to Miss Ada Mitchell 
September 3, 1883. Eld. Burks was again called to the care of 
Bolivar Baptist church, and has entered into active labor as pas- 
tor, beginning January, 1897. 

Dr. J. M. Dunnegan was born in Bolivar, Missouri, July 14, 
1868. Received his education in the public schools of Bolivar un- 
til the fall of 1884 he entered Southwest Baptist coUeg-e and 
graduated in the spring of 1888 with the degree of B. S. Studied 
medicine under Dr. Farmer in Bolivar. Graduated in Missouri 
Medical college, March 31, 1891. His father is the ever vigilant, 
successful banker, has reared his two boys, W. and J. M., under 
the shadow of the banking institution until gradual assimilation 
has taken place, and they are now first class cashiers in their 
father's Polk County Bank. 

Troy C. Hatler was born in Polk county, Missouri, near 
Slagle, February 3, 1860. Was reared on the farm and schooled 
in the district and moving into Bolivar with his parents (Jeffer- 
son B. and Theresa E.). He attended the graded school of Bolivar 
until the fall of 1886, when he entered the Southwest Baptist 
college and graduated in the spring of 1888 with the degree of A. 
B. Troy engaged with his father and brother Ben in the hard- 
ware business in Bolivar and in the milling business. Troy was 
married January 31, 1893, to Miss Eose Wilcox, who was born 
April 8, 1863, near Pleasant Hope, Polk county, Missouri. Miss 
Eose was matriculated in 1886 in Southwest Baptist college, and 
continued her studies in that institution till the year 1893. Troy 
made profession of the religion of Christ and found his hope, as 
he stated, on the night of the 16th of October, 1884, and was bap- 
tized by the writer, on Sunday the 19th. 



286 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

CLASS OF 1889, 

Eld. D. F. Adams is recorded as having entered Southwest 
Baptist college in 1887 and graduated with the degree of A. B. in 
1889. He entered with a good degi-ee of enthusiasm into the 
work of the ministry. First in a church south of the city of St. 
Louis, Missouri, and a successful pastorate for a term of years. 
His field of labor was changed to Richland, Missouri. Since that 
we have had no report from him; but indulged the hope that in- 
creasing years bring abundant rewards. 

B. B. Kirby was matriculated in Southwest Baptist college in 
1885, and graduated in 1889 with the degree of B. L. We have no 
data: but naturally conclude from the active, business disposition 
of the man that he will make his mark in the world. In 1894 
he was practicing medicine in Dadeville, Missouri. 

J. W. Clark entered Southwest Baptist college in 1888 and 
graduated with degree of B. L. in 1889. Since his graduation he 
has been engaged in teaching. He is now engaged in the prac- 
tice of medicine at Halfway {'95). 

Eld. Philip M. Johnson was reared in Greene county, Mis- 
souri. Entered Southwest Baptist college in 1887 or 88. Gradu- 
ated in 1889 with the degree of B. L. since that he received the 
degree of A. M. He received an appointment by the missionary 
board at Boston, Massachusetts, and with his wife (nee Lindsay) 
sailed for the counti-y of the Telegus. Arriving at that land he 
was immediately introduced by the noble veteran of the cross, 
Dr. Jno. E. Clough, who had been on the field for some time be- 
fore, and who had with six native assistants baptized 2,222 candi- 
dates in one day. Eld. Johnson, coming into that work shortly 
after this, assisted in baptizing a great number of candidates, 
and was soon in possession of the language, and was being 
rapidly fitted for good work, when his wife, losing her eldest 
born, began to decline, and it was found necessary to relinquish 
the work and return to their native land. Since their return 
Eld. Johnson has written and published a book in which is set 
forth in a very interesting manner the life and religion of the 
Telegus. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



2S7 




Prof. J. R. Lig-htfoot was born in Polk 
county, Missouri, November 19, 1866. His 
father, Henrj' B. Lightfoot, was married to 
Miss Nancy J. Fisher, May 19, 1863. To them 
were given eight children, five sons and 
three daughters, in the following order, viz: 
Emma E., Ellie E., James R., William H., 
■John F., Josiah, Chloe E. and Clyde A. The 
subject of our sketch, James Robert, with 
the sisters and brothers, received his educa- 
tion in the district schools of Polk county. 
J. E. Lightfoot. He completed the public school course at the 
age of 17. He entered the Southwest Baptist college in Septem- 
ber, 1884, and graduated from said college in May, 1889, with the 
degree of B. L. Upon his graduation he was elected to the chair 
of natural science and English in his alma mater, which position 
he has filled continuously for eight years. He was happily con- 
verted and joined the church at Mt. View, in Polk county, Mis- 
souri, in December, 1880. He was united in marriage to Miss 
Grace Seevers, daughter of Dr. John Seevers, of Osceola, Mo. To 
them was given a son, Seevers Lightfoot, who was born December 
20, 1891. 

William E. Young entered Southwest Baptist college in 1886 
or 1887, and graduated from said college with the degree of A. B. 
His mind is beyond the ordinary calibre, and stored as it is with 
intellectual lore, he will be capable of filling any station within 
the gift of the people. Let us hope that a good report shall come, 
telling of achievements full of glory. 

CLASS OF 1890. 

N. H. Franklin, of Lone Spring, Hickory, county, Missouri, 
entered Southwest Baptist college in 1888 or 1889, and graduated 
from said college with the degree of M. L. in 1890. Having no 
statistics with reference to him, we must be content with bare 
mention. 

Ben Hatler was born April 33, 1871, near Slagle, Polk county, 
Missouri, and like his brother Troy, was reared on the farm and 
schooled in the districts until the entrance to Southwest Baptist 
college in Boliyar in the fall of 1887, and graduated in that insti- 



2SS 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 




Mrs. Grace LiGHTrooT, 



tntioD in 1890, with the degree of B. S. He has been eng-aged 
with his father and brother in merchandising and milling since 
1891, and is now ('97) engaged in merchandising. 

Mrs. Grace (Seevers) Lightfoot was born 
in Madison county, Iowa, September 23, 1871. 
Her father, Dr. John Seevers, was born in 
Mahaska county, Iowa, June 30, 1843, and 
was married to Miss Fidellia Freeborn, who 
was born in Steubenville, Ohio, June 29, 18.51, 
and moved with her parents to Iowa at the 
age of three years. To them were given 
sevftu children, five girls and two boys. The 
oldest boy died at the age of 16 months. The 
order of their birth as follows: Iowa, Grace, 
Nellie, Roxy, Austin Flint, Ruth and Glover. 
'Grace, the second, received her education 

with her sisters in St. Clair county. Missouri, 

and after completing the public school course 

she entered Southwest Baptist college, along 

with her sister Iowa, and both graduated 

and received the degree of B. L. in 1890. She 

was converted in 1886 and united with the 

Presbyterians. In 1893 she united with the 

Baptist church at Bolivar, Mo. Dr. Seevers 

came to St. Clair county, Missouri, in 1881. 

Miss Iowa was chosen as one of the teachers 

in the public school at Bolivar, Mo., in 1894, 

and is now (1897) teaching at Osceola. Miss Iowa Seevers. 

L. E. Brown is reported as a graduate with the degree of B. 
L. but his sketch is not at hand and can only say that his post- 
office address is at Cross Timbers, Hickory county, Missouri. 

CLASS OF 1892. 

A. M. Sams was born in northeast Missouri. His father 
settled in Bolivar, and dying, the family settled in Webster 
county, Missouri, a few miles east of Marshfield. The son, A. M. 
attended the college at Bolivar until the spring of 1892, when he 
graduated with the degree of A. B. His deportment in school 




HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 2S9 

and church gives promise of usefulness and efficiency in whatso- 
ever sphere he may be placed. 

Miss Lena Simmons was born in Marion county, Missouri, 
September 29, 1873. Her schooling- was in the public schools of 
Marion and St. Clair counties. Lena entered Southwest Baptist 
college in the fall of 1889 and graduated in the spring of 1893 
with the degree of A. B. She was employed a good portion of 
the time in 1891 and 1893 as teacher in the college. Current 
rumor has it that she is well versed in science and in the classics. 
It is also reported that she is teaching, at this writing, ('94) in 
the state of Texas. 

Miss Bertie Collins Bushnell was born September 11, 1873. 
Graduated at high school in 1889. Entered Southwest Baptist 
college the following fall, where she graduated with the degree 
of B. S. in 1893. She was salutatorian of her class. 

CLASS OF 1893. 
Miss Bettie Ross was the only g-raduate of 1893. She was 
born in Bolivar, Polk county, Missouri, November 1, 1873. Her 
parents were Hon. John W. Ross, a native of Fayette county, 
Kentucky, and Sallie E. (Mumford) Ross, a native of Wilson 
county, Tennessee, and they were married in Clarksville, Tenn., 
September 34, 1870. The fruit of this marriage was two daugh- 
ters, Miss Bettie, as above, and Marian Sea Ross. The latter was 
born in Bolivar, Mo., December 33, 187.5. These two daughters 
attended the public school in Bolivar until the fall of 1890, when 
the eldest. Miss Bettie, entered Southwest Baptist college, and 
graduated in the spring of 1893 with the degree of A. B. The 
younger entered Southwest Baptist college in the fall of 1894, and 
continued her studies through the year. The eldest has taught 
in the districts one year, and in the public schools of Bolivar one 
year, and with such acceptance that her services as teacher are in 
demand. 

CLASS OF 1894. 

Clyde Simmons was born July 6, 1875, in Marion county, 
Missouri, and enjoyed the same advantages in schooling with his 
sister Lena. He entered Southwest Baptist college in the fall 
of 1S90, and graduated in 1894 with the degree of A. B. Since 
his gi'aduation he remains with his parents, ready equipped for 



290 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

life's battles. Shall it be, that the Lord will direct his footsteps 
in some houorable career, in which the plaudits of earth and 
heaven shall ultimately be "Well done." 

Carl S. McGee was born at Fair Play, Missouri, January 11, 
1873. Attended the public schools at Fair Play until January 1, 
1890, when he entered the service of the Mercantile Company in Fair 
Play. Entered Southwest Baptist college in the fall of 1890, and 
continuing until the spring of 1894, except the fall term of 1891, 
when he engaged with the above company, making three and one- 
half years in college, graduating in May, 1894, with the degree of 
B. S. His father, J. O. McGee, was born in Tennessee, December 17, 
1847. His mother, M. E. (Eaton) McGee, was born in Tennessee, 
September 7, 1850. They were married September 12, 1869. 
Their daughter. Flora, was born July 14, 1870, and was married 
to Abram Clevenger in 1892. Wm. M. McGee was born September 
19, 1875, at Fair Play, Polk county, Missouri. Carl has been 
teaching in the district schools. 

Miss Anne Ward Bushnell was born in Bolivar, Polk county, 
Missouri, April 27, 1875. Graduated at the public school of Boli- 
var, in the spring of 1891. Entered Southwest Baptist college in 
the fall of 1891 where she graduated with the degree of B. S. in 
the spring of 1894. She was salutatorian of her class. 

CLASS OF 1895. 

W. W. Jarnagin was born in Polk county, Missouri, Febru- 
ary 5, 1870. His father, A. W. B. Jarnagin, was born in Ten- 
nessee, September 27, 1835. His mother, Amanda Jarnagin, was 
born in Tennessee, February 15, 1842, and died August 9, 1882. 
When W. W. was old enough to attend school he lived so far 
away from the school house that he had but little benefit in the 
way of education. He attended the public school at Fair Play 
two years, beginning in 1888 in the primary department under 
Prof. P. B. Wonacott. He entered Southwest Baptist college, 
September 4, 1890, with a full determination to graduate in the 
A. B. course. And this resolution he carried out in full, paying 
his own expenses and receiving the degree on the 29th day of 
May, 1895. Brother Jarnagin will pardon the writer, it is hoped, 
if we point to him as an encouraging example of diligence and 
perseverance. 




Prof. C. E. Higgixs. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 29 1 

Charles Edson Hig-gins, son of Edson J. and Mary E. Higgins, 
was born in Kane county, Illinois, August 24, 1868. His father 
was a direct descendant of the Puritans, who landed at Plymouth 
in 1620. His mother was a descendant of Walter Palmer, who 
also was a Puritan and one of the leading families of New Eng- 
land. His parents moved to Henry county, Missouri, in the fall 
of 1869, where his father engaged in school teaching and stock 
raising until the spring of 1875, when they moved to St. Clair 
county, Missouri, where he gave his entire attention to farming 
and stock dealing, which he followed with marked success until 
the summer of 1882, when, overcome with constant toil, he was 
attacked with typhoid fever, and, after an illness of five weeks, 
died September 27, 1882. He had been a graduate of Poughkeepsie 
college. New York, and, appreciating the value of an education, 
resolved that his children should be thoroughly endowed with 
education. Bu.t he had purchased six hundred acres of land, and 
had not completed the payments at the time of his death. This 
brought greater responsibility upon the mother and Charles, who 
was then only fourteen years of age, but by careful management 
the last payment was made, and their home was their own. 
Charles E. professed religion at the age of twelve j'ears, and 
united with the Cumberland Presbyterian church at Chalk Level 
at the age of sixteen. He has been an earnest worker in the 
cause of Christ and an uncompromising opponent of the liquor 
traffic. 

He was married August 2, 1888, to Miss Docia Garnett. One 
child, Mary Emogene, was born to them July 20, 1891. Miss Gar- 
nett was born in St. Clair county, Missouri, September 29, 1868. 
She was a young lady of amiable qualities, a true Christian, and 
possessed a good education. Since her marriage she has been the 
friendly advisor and encouraging supporter of her husband in all 
his trials and difficulties, and he attributes much of his success in 
life to her kindly sympathy. In the press of business he never 
lost his desire for an education. He visited his brother, who was 
attending Southwest Baptist college, and was particularly at- 
tracted toward the college on account of the religious as well as 
intellectual training received by the students. He resolved to en- 
ter its walls and qualify himself for life's duties. And, though 



29.2 



HISTORY OF rOLK COL'XTy BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOX. 



in the midst of cruel gibes and false predictions, he entered the 
college September 0, 1893, and graduated in the- sprinn;- of 1895 
with the degree of B. S. And afterward he was chosen to preside 
over a select school at Pleasant Hope. But the president of his 
alma mater laid hands upon him and secured his services as assist- 
ant teacher, and he has filled the place acceptably since the fall 
of 189.") to the present, 1897. 

Miss Zoe Ilatler is a native of Polk county, Missouri. Born 
April 29, 1877. Her ahildhood was spent in the country some six 
miles southeast from Bolivar, also the beginning of school days; 
but moving with her parenLS to Bolivar, she there entered the 
public school and remained as a student until the full of 1S92 she 
entered Southwest Baptist college where she pursued lier studies 
until the spring of 1895, graduating with the degree of B. S. She 
was salutatorian of her class. 

Miss Gertrude Ilockenhull was valedictorian of her class on 
the occasion of her graduation on the 29th of May, 1895, and re- 
ceived the degree of A. B. Residence near Polk, Polk county-, 
Missouri. 

O. E. Baker, of St. Clair countj', Missouri, entered Southwest 
Baptist college in the fall of 1890 and pursued his studies therein 
until the spring of 1895, receiving the degree of A. B. as a reward 
of assiduous labor. He has erected an institution of learning at 
Dunnegan. Polk county, Mi-ssouri, the Dunnegan Springs Train- 
ing school, of which he is president. 

CLASS OF 1896. 
John H. Baker was the only graduate of this year. He re- 
ceived the degree of A. B. on Wednesday. June 3, 1890, and is 
associated with his brother, O. E., in the school at Dunnegan. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



293 




G. W. Sherman. 



Eld. George W. Sherman was a native 
of Indiana. His parents moved from 
that state and settled in Brighton, Polk 
county, Missouri, where his father now 
resides ('97). The writer baptized him 
and he became a member of the church at 
Urighton. Brother Geo. was very active 
and zealous in religious work. He would 
^ appoint prayer-meetings at private houses 
in and around Brighton until there was a 
general religious interest in the whole 
neighborhood. Brighton church is sup- 
posed to be largelj' due to this influence. 
He attended Southwest Baptist college 
three years. Was ordained Sunday. September 16, 1S88, at the 
church at Brighton. He was married to Miss Sallie Brownlow 
at her home in Buffalo, Dallas county, Missouri. Attended sev- 
eral terms in Baptist Seminary at Louisville, Kentucky. Now 
resides in Tennessee. 

Eld. Charles Ingram was raised in Polk 
county, Missouri, where his parents had set- 
tled in an early day. He was married to 
Miss Mackey, whose relatives also live in 
Polk county. His death occurred in the 
midst of his usefulness and greatest efficien- 
cy, leaving a large family on the homestead 
in Cedar county, Missouri. Most, if not all 
his children, settled on good homesteads in 
Cedar county. Some notice of him is given 
in tlie life of Eld. Isaac Ingram, as published 
in this book. Eld. Charles was a member of the board of trus- 
tees of Southwest Baptist college in the first years of its organ- 
ization. 




Charles Ingram. 



BOOK V. 



ARTICLES OF FAITH. 



1. Of the True God. — We believe that there is one, and only 
one living- and true God, an infinite, intelligent Spirit, whose 
name is Jehovah, the Maker and Supreme Ruler of Heaven and 
Earth ;1 inexpressibly glorious in holiness, 3 and worthy of all 
possible honor, confidence and love;3 that in the unity of the God- 
head there are three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy 
Spirit;! equal in every divine perfection, 5 and executing- distinct 
but harmonious offices in the great work of redemption. 6 

Places in the Bible where taught. 

1. John 4:24. God is a Spirit. Ps. 147:5. His understand- 
ing is infinite. Ps. 83:18. Thou whose name alone is Jehovah, 
art the Most High over all the earth. Heb. 3:4; Rom. 1:20; Jer. 
10:10. 

2. Ex. 15:11. Who is like unto thee — glorious in holiness? 
Isa. 6:3; 1 Pet. 1:15, 16; Rev. 4:6-8. 

3. Mark 12:30. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all 
thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with 
all thy strength. Rev. 4:11. Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive 
glory, and honor, and power: for thou hast created all things, and 
for thy pleasure they are and were created. 

4. Matt 28:19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, bap- 
tizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of 
the Holy Spirit. John 15:26. When the Comforter is come, whom 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 295 

I will send you from the Father, even the Spirit of Truth, which 
proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me. 1 Cor. 12:4-6; 

1 John 5:7. 

5. John 10:no. I and mj;- Father are one. John 5:17, 14:23, 
17:5, 10: Acts 5:3, 4; 1 Cor. 11:10, 11; Phil. 11:5, 6. 

6. Epli. 11:18. For throug-h Him (the Son) we both have an 
access by one Spirit unto the Father. 2 Cor. 13:14. The g-race of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion 
of the Holy Spirit, be with you all. Rev. 1:4, 5, and 11:7. 

2. Of THE ScRiPTUKES.— We believe that the Holy Bible was 
written by men divinely inspired, and is a perfect treasure of 
heavenly instruction,! that it has God for its author, salvation 
for its end,2 and truth for its matter;3 that it reveals the princi- 
ples by which God will judge us;4 and therefore is, and shall re- 
main to the end of the world, the true centre of Christian Sunion, 
and the supreme standard by which all human conduct, creeds, 
and opinions should be tried. 6 

Places in the Bible where taught. 

1. 2 Tim. 3:16, 17. All scripture is given by inspiration of 
God and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for 
instruction in righteousness; that the man of God maybe perfect, 
thoroughly furnished unto all good works. Also, 2 Pet. 1:21; 

2 Sam. 23:2; Acts 1:16; 3:21; Jno. 10:35; Luke 16:29-31; Ps. 119:111; 
Rom. 3:1,2. 

2. 2 Tim. 3:15,— able to make thee wise unto salvation. Also, 
1 Pet. 1:10, 12; Acts 11:14; Rom. 1:16; Mark 16:16; Jno. 5:38, 39. 

3. Prov. 30:5, 6. Every word of God is pure. Add thou not 
unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar. 
Also Jno. 17:17; Rev. 22:18, 19; Rom. 3:4. 

4. Rom. 2:12. As many as have sinned in the law, shall be 
judged by the law. Jno. 12:47, 48. If any man hear my words, 
the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the 
last day. Also 1 Cor. 4: 3, 4; Luke 10:10-16; 12:47-48. 

5. ■ Phil. 3:16. Let us walk in the same rule; let us mind the 
same thing. Also, Eph. 4:3-6; Phil. 2:1, 2; 1 Cor. 1-10; 1 Pet. 4:11. 

6. 1 Jno. 4:1. Beloved believe not every spirit, but try the 
spirits whether they are of God. Isa. 8:20. To the law and to 
the testimony; if they speak not according to this word, it is be- 



296 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

cause there is no lig-ht in them. 1 Thess. 5:31. Prove all things. 
2 Cor. 13:5. Prove your own selves. Also, Acts 17:11; 1 Jno. 4:6; 
Jude 3:5; Eph. 6:17; Ps. 119: 59, 60; Phil. 1:9-11. 

3. Of THE Fall of Man. — We believe that Man was created 
in holiness, under the law of his Maker;l but by voluntary tj-ans- 
gression fell from that holy and happy state;3 in consequence of 
which all mankind are now sinners, 3 not by constraint but 
choice;* being by nature utterly void of that holiness required by 
the law of God, positively inclined to evil; and therefore under 
just condemnation to eternal ruin, 5 without defence or excuse. 6 

Places in the Bible where taught; 

1. Gen. 1:27. God created man in his own image. Gen. 1:31. 
And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was 
very good. Eccle. 7:29; Acts 15:26; Gen. 2:16. 

2. Gen. 3:6-24. And when the woman saw that the tree was 
good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to 
be desired to make one wise; she took of the fruit thereof, and 
did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. 
Therefore the Lord God drove out the man; and he placed at the 
east of the garden of Eden cherubim, and a flaming sword which 
turned every way to keep the way of the tree of life. Eom. 5:12. 

3. Ptom. 5:19. 13y one man's disobedience many were made 
sinners: John 3:6; Ps. 51:5; Rom. 5:15, 19, 8:7. 

4. Isa. 53:6. We have turned, every one to his own way. 
Gen. 6:12; Rom. 3:9-18. 

5. Eph. 2:1-3. Among whom we all had our conversation in 
times past in the lusts of our flesh, f ulfllling the desires of the 
flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath 
even as others. Rom 1:18. For the wrath of God is revealed 
from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, 
who hold the truth in unrighteousness. Rom. 1:32, 2:1-16; Gal. 
3:10; Matt. 30:15. 

6. Ez. 18:19, 30. Yet say ye, Why? Doth not the son bear 
the iniquity of the father? Tlie soul that sinneth it shall die. 
Tlie son shall not bear tlie iniquity of the father, neither shall 
the father bear the iniquity of the son; the righteousness of the 
righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked 
shall be upon him. Rom. 1:20. So that they are without excuse. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



297 



Kom. 3:19. That every mouth may be stopped and all the world 
may become guilty before God. Gal. 3:23. 

4. Of THE Way of Salvation.— We believe that the salvation 
of sinners is wholly of g-race;l through the mediatorial offices of 
the Son of God;2 who, by the appointment of the Father, freely 
took upon him our nature, yet without sin;3 honored the divine 
law by his personal obedience,* and by his death made a full 
atonement for our sins:5 that having risen from the dead, he is 
now enthroned in heaven ;6 and uniting in his wonderful person 
the tenderest sympathies with divine perfections, he is every way 
qualified to be a suitable, a compassionate, and an all-sufficient 
Saviour."? 

Places in the Bible where taught: 

1. Eph. 2:5. By grace ye are saved. Matt. 18:11; John 4:10; 
1 Co. 3:5-7: Acts 15:11. 

3. John 3:16. For God so loved the world that he gave his 
only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not 
perish, but have everlasting life. John 1:1-14; Heb. 4:14, 13:34; 

3. Phil. 2:6, 7. Who being in the form of God, thought it not 
robbery to be equal with God; but made himself of no reputation, 
and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the 
likeness of men. Heb. 3:9, 14; 3 Cor. 5:31. 

4. Isa. 42:21. The Lord is well pleased for his righteousness 
sake; he will magnify the law and make it honorable. Phil. 3:8; 
Gal. 4:4, 5; Rom. 3:31. 

5. Isa. 53:4, 5. He was wounded for our transgressions; he 
was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was 
upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. Matt. 30:28; Rom. 
4:35, 3:31-36; 1 John 4:10, 3:3; 1 Cor. 15:1-3; Heb. 9:13-15. 

6. Heb. 1:8. Unto the Son he saith. Thy throne, O God, is 
forever and ever. Heb. 1:3, 8:1; Col. 3:1-4. 

7. Heb. 7:35. Wherefore he is able to save them to the ut- 
most that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make 
intercession for them. Col. 3:9. For in him dwelleth all the full- 
ness of the Godhead bodily. Heb. 3:18. In that he himself hath 
suffered, being tempted, he is able to succor them that are 
tempted. Heb. 7:36; Ps. 89:19; Ps. 45. 



298 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

5. Of Justification. — We believe that the great g-ospel bless- 
ing which Christl secures to such as believe in him is justifica- 
tion;3 that justification includes the pardon of sin, 3 and the 
promise of eternal life on principles of righteousness;^ that it is 
bestowed, not in consideration of any works of righteousness 
which we have done, but solely through faith in the Redeemer's 
blood;5 by virtue of which faith his perfect righteousness is freely 
imputed to us of God;6 that it brings us into a state of most bless- 
ed peace and favor with God, and secures every other blessing 
needful for time and eteimity." 

Places in the Bible where taught: 

1. John 1:1(3. Of his fulness have we all received. Eph. 3:8. 

2. Acts 13:39. By him all that believe are justified from all 
things. Isa. 3:11, 12; Rom. 8:1. 

3. Rora. 5:9. Being justified by his blood, we shall be saved 
from wrath through him. Zech. 13:1; Matt. 9:6; Acts 10:43. 

4. Rom. 5:17. They which receive the abundance of grace 
and the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus 
Christ. Titus 3:5, 6; 1 Pet. 3:7; 1 John 2:25, Rom. 5:25. 

5. Rom. 4:4, 5. Now to him that worketh is the reward not 
reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, 
but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is 
counted for righteousness. Rom. 5:21, 6:23, Phil. 3:7-9. 

6. Rora. 5:19. By the obedience of one shall manj' be made 
righteous. Rom. 3:24-26; 4:23-25; 1 John 2:12. 

7. Rom. 5:1, 2. Being- justified by faith we have peace with 
God, through our Lord Jesus Christ; by whom also we have access 
by faith into this grace wherein we stand and rejoice in hope 
of the glory of God. Rom. 5; 3. We glory in tribulation also. 
Rom. 5:11. We also joy in God. 1 Cor. 1:30, 31; Matt. 6:33; 
1 Tim. 4:8. 

6. Of THE Freeness of Salvation. — We believe that the 
blessings of salvation are made free to all by the Gospel;l that it 
is the immediate duty of all to accept them by a cordial, penitent 
and obedient faith ;3 and that nothing prevents the salvation of 
the greatest sinner on earth, but his own inherent depravity and 
voluntary rejection of the Gospel ;3 which rejection involves him 
in an aggravated condemnation. 4 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 299 

Places in the Bible where taught: 

1. Isa. 55:1. Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ve to the 

lile freely. Luke 14:17. 

3. Roin. 16:26. The Gospel-according- to the commandment 
of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedi- 
ence of faith. Mark 1:15; Rom. 1:1,5-17. 

3.^ John 5:40. Ye will not come to me, that ye might have 
life. Matt. 23:37; Rom. 9:32; Prov. 1:24; Acts 13:4G. 

4. John 3:19. And this is the condemnation, that light is 
come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light 
because their deeds were evil. Matt. 11:20; Luke 19:27; 2 Thess. 1:8. 

7. Of Grace m REGENEEATioN.-We believe that in order to 
be saved, sinners must be regenerated, or born again;l that re- 
generation consists in giving a holy disposition to the mind;3 that 
/I rx f '"^ "" manner above our comprehension by the power 
ot the Holy Spirit, in connection with Divine truth. 3 so as to se- 
cure our voluntary obedience to the Gospel;* and that its proper 
evidence appears in the holy fruits of repentance, and faith, and 
newness of life. 5 

1. Jno. 3:3. Verily, verily, I say unto thee, except a man be 
born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. Jno. 3:6, 7- 1 Cor 
1:14; Rev. 8:7-9; 21:27. 

P t .r ^T ^''^^' " ^""^ '^^'^ ^^ ^^ ^^'"^"*' ^^ ^« a 'lew creature. 
Ez. 36:20; Deut. 30:6; Rom. 2:28, 29; 5:5; 1 Jno. 4-7. 

3. Jno. 3:8. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou 
hearestthe sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, 
and whither it goeth; so is every one that is born of the Spirit 
Jno 1:13. Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the 
flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. Jas. 1:16-18. Of his 
own will begat he us with the word of truth. 1 Cor. 1-30- 
Phil. 2:13. ■ ' 

^ .f ■ ., ^ ^^*" ^ ■^"■^^" ^^ ^^^^ purified your souls by obeying the 
truth through the Spirit. 1 Jno. 5:1. Whosoever believeth that 
Jesus IS the Christ is born of God. Eph. 4:20-24; Col. 3:9-11 

5. Eph. 5:9. The fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness, and 
righteousness and truth. Rom. 8:9; Gal. 5:16-23; Eph 3-14-oi. 
Math. 3:8-10; 7:20; 1 Jno. 5:4, 18. > t^ • • t ^x, 



300 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

8. Of Repe:xtaxce and Faith. — We believe that Repentance 
and Faith are sacred duties, and also inseparable g-races, wrought 
in our souls by the regenerating- Spirit of God;l whereby being 
deeply convinced of our guilt, danger and helplessness, and of 
the way of salvation by Christ, 2 we turn to God with unfeigned 
contrition, confession, and supplication for mercy;-^ at the same 
time heartily receiving the Lord Jesus Christ as our Prophet, 
Priest and King, and relying on him alone as the only and all 
sufficient Saviour.4 

Places in the Bible where taught : 

1. Mark 1:15. Repent ye, and believe the gospel. Acts 11:18. 
Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. 
Eph. 3:8. By grace ye are saved, through faith: and that not of 
yourselves; it is the gift of God. 1 Jno. 5:1. Whosoever believeth 
that Jesus is the Christ, is born of God. 

2. Jno. 16:8. He will reprove the world of sin, of righteous- 
ness, and of judgment. Acts 2:37, 38. They were pricked in their 
heart and said, Men and brethren, what shall we do? Then Peter 
said unto them. Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the 
name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins. Acts 16:30, 
31. 

3. Luke 18:13. And the publican . . smote upon his breast, 
saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. Luke 15:18-21; James 4: 
7-10; 2 Cor. 7:11; Rom. 10:13, 13; Ps. 51. 

4 Rom. 10:9-11. If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the 
Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thy heart that God hath raised 
him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. Acts 3:22, 33; Heb. 4:14; 
Ps. 2:6; Heb. 1:8; 8:35; 2 Tim. 1:13. 

9. God's Purpose of Grace. We believe that Election is 
the eternal purpose of God, according to which he graciously re- 
generates, sanctifies, and saves sinners;! that being perfectly con- 
sistent with the free agency of man, it comprehends all the means 
in connection with the end;3 that it is a most glorious display of 
God's sovereign goodness, being infinitely free, wise, holy and un- 
changeable;3 that it utterly excludes boasting, and promotes hu- 
mility, love, prayer, praise, trust in God, and active imitation of 
his free mercy;4 that it encourages the use of means in the high- 
est degree;5 that it may be ascertained by its effects in all who 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 30I 

truly believe the Gospel;6 that it is the foundation of Christian 
assurimce;'!' and that to ascertain it with regard to ourselves de- 
mands and deserves the utmost dilig-ence.8 
Places in the Bible where taug-ht: 

1. 2 Tim. 1:8, 9. Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testi- 
mony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner; but be thou partaker 
of the afflictions of the Gospel, according- to the power of God; 
who hath saved us and called us with an holy calling-, not accord- 
ing- to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, 
which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began. Eph. 
1:3-14; 1 Pet. 1:1. 2; Rom. 11:5, Cr, John 15:16; 1 John 4:19; Hos. 12:9. 

2. 2 Thess. 2:13, 14. But we are bound to give thanks al- 
ways to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God 
hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctifi- 
cation of the Spirit, and belief of the truth; whereunto he called 
you by our Gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. Acts 13:48; John 10:16; Matt. 20:16; Acts 15:14. 

3. Ex. 33:18, 19. And Moses said, I beseech thee, show me 
thy glory. And he said, I will cause my goodness to pass before 
thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee, and 
will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy 
to whom I will show mercy. Matt. 20:15. Is it not lawful forme 
to do what I will with my own? Is thine eye evil because I am 
good? Eph. 1:11; Rom. 9:23, 24; Jer. 31:3; Rom. 11:28, 29; James 
1:17, 18; 3 Tim. 1:9; Rom. 11:32-36. 

4. 1 Cor. 4:7. For who maketh thee to differ from another? 
And what hast thou that thou didst not receive? Now, if thou 
didst receive it, why dost thou glory as if thou hadst not received 
it? 1 Cor. 1:26:31; Rom. 3:37, 4:16; Col. 3:13; 1 Cor. 3:5-7; 15:10; 
1 Pet. 5:10; Acts 1:34; 1 Thess. 3:13; 1 Pet. 2:9; Luke 18:7; John 
15:16; 1 Thess. 3:13. 

5. 2 Tim. 3:10. Therefore I endure all things for the elect's 
sake, that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ 
Jesus with eternal glory. 1 Cor. 9:33. I am made all things to 
all men, that I might by all means save some. Rom. 8:38-30; Jno. 
6:37-40; 3 Pet. 1:10. 

6. 1 Thess. 1:4-10. Knowing, brethren beloved, your election 
of God; for our Gospel came unto you, not in word only, but in 
power, and in the Holy Spirit, and in much assurance, etc. 



303 HISTORY OF FOLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOClATIOJf. 

7. Eom. 8:38-30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them 
he also called, and whom he called them he also justified and 
whom he justified them he also glorified. What shall we then 
say to these thing-s; if God be for us, who can be against us? Isa. 
43:16; Rom 11:39. 

8. 2 Pet. 1:10, 11. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give dili- 
gence to make your calling and election sure; for if ye do these 
things, ye shall never fall; for so an entrance shall be ministered 
unto you abundantly into the everlasting" kingdom of our Lord 
and Saviour Jesus Christ. Phil. 3:13; Heb. 6:11. 

10. Of Sanctification. — We believe that Sanctification is 
the process by which, accoi'ding to the will of God, we are made 
partakers of his holiness;! that it is a progressive worh;^ that it 
is begun in regeneration;^ and that it is carried on in the hearts 
of believers by the presence and power of the Holy Spirit, the 
Sealer and Comforter, in the continued use of the appointed 
means — -especially, the word of God, self-exauiination, self-denial, 
watchfulness and prayer.^ 

Places in the Bible where taitght; 

1. 1 Tbess. 4:3. For this is the will of God, even your sancti- 
fication. 1 Thess. .5:33. And the very God of peace sanctify you 
wholly. 3 Cor. 7:1; 13:9; Eph. 1:4. 

2. Prov. 4:18. The path of the just is as the shining light, 
which shineth more and more unto the perfect day. 2 Cor 3:18; 
Heb. 6:1; 3 Pet. 1:5-8; Phil. 3:12-16. 

3. Jno. 3:39. If you knew that he (God) is righteous, ye 
know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him. 
Eom. 8:5. They that are after the flesh, do mind the things of 
the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the 
Spirit. Jno. 3:6; Phil. 1:9-11; Eph. 1:13, 14. 

4. Phil. 3:13, 13. Work out your own salvation with fear and 
trembling, for it is God which worketh both to will and to do, of 
his own good pleasure. Eph. 4:11, 13; 1 Pet. 3:2; 3 Pet. 3:18; 3 Cor. 
13:5; Luke 11:35; 9:33; Matt. 26:41; Eph. 6:18; 4:30. 

11. Of the Persevekance of Saia"TS. — We believe that such 
only are real believers as endure unto the end:l that their perse- 
vering attachment to Christ is the grand mark which distinguish- 
es them from superficial professors:2 that a special providence 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 303 

watches over their we]fare:3 and they are kept by the power of 
God through faith unto salvation. 4 
Places in the Bible where taught: 

1. John 8:31. Then said Jesus, If j^e continue in my word, 
then are ye my disciples indeed. 1 John 2:27, 38; 3:9, 5:18. 

2. 1 John 2:19. They went out from us, but they were not 
of us; for if thej' had been of us, tliey would no doubt have con- 
tinued with us; but they went out that it might be made manifest 
that they were not all of us. John 13:18; Matt. 13:20, 31; John 
6:66-69: Job 17:9. 

3. Rom. 8:28. And we know that all things work together 
for good unto them that love God, to them who are called accoi'd- 
ing to his purpose. Matt. 6:30-33; Jei-. 32:40; Ps. 121:3; 91:11, 12. 

4. Phil. 1:6. He who hath begun a good work in you will 
perform it until the day of Jesus Christ. Phil. 3:13, 13; Jude 24:25; 
Heb. 1:14; 2 Kings 6:16; Ileb. 13:5; 1 John 4:4. 

12. Of thk Harmony of Law and the Gospel. — We believe 
that the Law of God is the eternal and unchangeable rule of his 
moral government;! that it is holy, just and good;2 and that the 
inability which the Scriptures ascribe to fallen men to fulfill its 
precepts, arises entirely from their love of sin;3 to deliver them 
from which, and to restore them through a Mediator to unfeig-ned 
obedience to the Holy Law, is one great end of the Gospel, and 
of the Means of Grace connected with the establishment of the 
visible church. 4 

Places in the Bible where taught. 

1. Rom. 3:21. Do we make void the law through faith? God 
forbid. Yea, we establish the law. Math. 5:17; Luke 16:17; Rom. 
3:20; 4:15. 

3. Rom. 7:13. The law is holy, and the commandment holy, 
and just, and good. Rom. 7:7, 14, 22; Gal. 3:21; Ps. 119. 

3. Rom. 8:7,8. The carnal mind is enmity against God; for 
it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So 
then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. Josh. 24:19; 
Jer. 13:23; Jno. 6:44; 5:44. 

4. Rom. 8:2, 4. For the law of the Spirit of Life in Christ 
Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. For 
what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, 



304 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for 
sin, condemned sin in the flesh; that the righteousness of the law 
might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after 
the Spirit. Rom. 10:4; 1 Tim. 1:5; Heb. 8:10; Jude 20, 21; Heb. 12: 
14; Math. 16:17, 18; 1 Cor, 12:28. 

13. Of A Gospel Church. — We believe that a visible church 
of Christ is a congregation of baptized believers,! associated by 
covenant in the faith and fellowship of the Gospel;3 observing 
the ordinances of Christ;3 goveimed by his laws;* and exercising 
the gifts, rights, and privileges invested in them bj"^ his 5\vord; 
that its only scriptural oflicers are bishops or pastors, and dea- 
cons, fi whose qualifications, claims and duties are defined in the 
Epistles to Timothy and Titus. 

Places in tlie Bible where taught. 

1. 1 Cor. 1:1-13. Paul, unto the church of God which is at 
Corinth, Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or 
were ye baptized in the name of Paul? Math. 18:17. Acts. 5:11; 
8:1; 11:31; 1 Cor. 4:17; 14:23; 3 Jno. 9; 1 Tim. 3:5. 

2. Acts 2:41, 42. Then they that gladly received his word 
were baptized; and the same day there were added to them about 
three thousand souls. 2 Cor. 8:5. They first gave their own 
selves to the Lord, and unto us by the will of God. Acts 2:47; 
1 Cor. 5:12, 13. 

3. 1 Cor. 11:2. Now I praise you brethren, that you remem- 
ber me in all things, and keep the ordinances as I delivered them 
unto you. 2 Thess. 3:6; Rom. 16:17-20; 1 Cor. 11:23; Matt. 18:15-20; 
1 Cor. 5:6; 2 Cor. 2:7; 1 Cor. 4:11. 

4. Matt. 28:20. Teaching them to observe all things whatso- 
ever I have commanded you. John 14:15, 15:12; 1 John 4:21; John 
14:21; 1 Thess. 4:2; 2 John 6; Gal. 6:2; all the Epistles. 

5. Eph. 4:7. Unto every one of us is given grace according 
to the measure of the gift of Christ. 1 Cor. 14:12. Seek that ye 
may excel to the edifying of the church. Phil. 1:27. That I may 
hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one 
mind, striving together for the faith of the gospel. 1 Cor. 12:14. 

6. Phil. 1:1. With the bishops and deacons. Acts 14:23, 
15:22; 1 Tim. 3; Titus 1. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 305 

14. Of Baptism and the Lord's Supper.— We believe that 
Christian baptism is the immersion in water of a believer,! into 
the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit;^ to 
show forth in a solemn and beautiful emblem, our faith in the 
crucified, buried, and risen Saviour, with its effect, in our death 
to sin and resurrection to a new life;3 that it is prerequisite to 
the privileges of a church relation; and to the Lord's Supper,* in 
which the members of the church by the sacred use of bread and 
wine, are to commemorate together the love of Christ;5 preceded 
always by solemn self-examination. 6 

Places in the Bible where taught. 

1. Acts. 8:36-39. And the eunuch said. See here is water, 
what doth hinder me to be baptized? And Philip said. If thou 
believest with all thy heart thou mayest. And they went down 
into the water, both Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him. 
Math. 3:.5, 6; Jno. 3:22, 23; 4;1,2; Math. 28:19; Mark 16:16; Acts 2: 
38; 8:12; 16:32-34; 18:8. 

2. Math. 28:19. Baptizing them in the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Acts 10:47,48; Gal. 3:27,38. 

3. Rom. 6:4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptism 
into death; that like as Christ was raised from the dead by the 
glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of 
life. Col. 2:12; 1 Pet. 3:20,21; Acts 22:16. 

4. Acts 2:41,42. Then they that gladly received his word 
were baptized, and there were added unto them, the same day 
about three thousand souls. And they continued steadfastly 
in the Apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of 
bread, and in prayers. Math. 28:19,20; Acts and Epistles. 

5. 1 Cor. 11:26. As often as ye eat this bread and drink this 
cup ye do show the Lord's death till he come. Math. 26:26-29; 
Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:14-20. 

6. 1 Cor. 11:28. But let a man examine himself, and so let 
him eat of that bread and drink of that cup. 1 Cor. 5:1, 8; 10:3-32; 
11:17-32; Jno. 6:26-71. 

15. Of the Christian Sabbath. — We believe that the first 
day of the week is the Lord's Day, or Christian Sabbath;! and is 
to be kept sacred to religious purposes, 2 by abstaining from all 
secular labor and sinful recreations;'^ by the devout observance of 



306 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

all the means of grace both private4 and public;^ and by prepara- 
tion for that rest that remaineth for the people of God. 6 

Places in the Bible where taught. 

1. Acts 20:7. On the first day of the week, when the disci- 
ples came tog-ether to break bread, Paul preached to them. Gen. 
2:3; Col. 2:10, 17; Mark 2:27; Jno. 20:19: 1 Cor. 16:1, 2. 

2. Ex. 22:8. Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. 
Rev. 1:10. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day. Ps. 118:24. 
This is the day which the Lord hath made; we will rejoice and 
be glad in it. 

3. Isa. 58:13, 14. If thou turn away thy foot from the Sab- 
bath from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the Sab- 
bath a delight, the holy of the Lord honorable; and shalt honor 
him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, 
nor speaking thine own words; then shalt thou delight thyself in 
the Lord, and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of 
the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob. Isa. 56:2-8. 

4. Ps. 118:15. The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the 
tabernacles of the righteous. 

5. Heb. 10:24, 25. Not forsaking the assembling of your- 
selves together, as the naanner of some is. Acts. 11:26. A whole 
year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught 
much people. Acts 13:44. The next Sabbath day came almost 
the whole city together to hear the word of God. Lev. 19:30; Ex. 
46:3; Luke 4:16; Acts 17:2, 3; Ps. 26:8; 88:3. 

0. Heb. 4:3-11. Let us labor therefore to enter into that 
rest. 

16. Of Civil. Government. — We believe that civil govern- 
ment is of Divine appointment, for the interests and good order 
of human society;! and that magistrates are to be prayed for, 
conscientiously honored, and obeyed;2 except only in things op- 
posed to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ, 3 who is the only 
Lord of the conscience, and the Prince of the Kings of the 4earth. 

Places in the Bible where taught. 

1. Rom. 13:1-7. The powers that be are ordained of God. 
For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Deut. 
16:18; 2 Sam. 23:3; Jer. 30:21. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 307 

2. Math. 22:31. Render therefore uuto Cajsar the thiug-s 
that are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's. Titus 
3:1; 1 Pet. 3:13; 1 Tim. 3:1-8. 

3. Acts 5:29. We ought to obey God rather than man. 
Math. 10:28. Fear not them which kill the bodjs but are not 
able to kill the soul. Dan. 3:15-18; 6:7-10; Acts 4:18-20. 

4. Math. 33:10. Ye have one master, even Christ. Rom. 14: 
4. Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? Rev. 19:16. 
And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, 
KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. Ps. 73:11; Ps. 2; 
Rbm. 14:9-13. 

17. Of the Righteous and the Wicked. — We believe that 
there is a radical and essential diffei'ence between the righteous 
and the wicked;! that such only as through faitli are justified in 
the name of the Lord Jesus, and sanctified by the spirit of our 
God, are truly righteous in his esteem;2 while all such as continue 
in impenitence and unbelief are in his sight wicked, and under 
the curse;3 and this distinction holds among men both in and 
after death. 4 

Places in the Bible where taught: 

1. Mai. 3:18. Ye shall discern between the righteous and 
the wicked: between him that serveth God and him that serveth 
him not. Prov. 12:26; Isa. 5:20; Gen. 18:23; Jer. 15:19; Acts 10:34, 
35; Rom. 6:16. 

2. Rom. 1:17. The just shall live by faith. Rom. 7:6. We 
are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held, 
that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in tlie oldness 
of the letter. 1 John 2:29. If ye know that he is righteous, ye 
know that everyone that doeth rig-hteousness is born of him. 1 
John 3:7; Rom. 6:18, 23; 1 Cor. 11:32; Prov. 11:31; 1 Pet. 4:17, 18. 

3. 1 John 5:19. And we know that we are of God, and the 
whole world lieth in wickedness. Gal. 3:10. As many as are of 
the works of the law, are under the curse. John 3:36; Isa. 57:21; 
Ps. 10:4; Isa. 55:6, 7. 

4. Prov. 14:32. The wicked is driven away in his wicked- 
ness, but the righteous hath hope in his death. See, also, the ex- 
ample of the rich man and Lazarus. Luke 16:25. Thou in thy 
life time receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil 



3o8 HISTORY OF POLK COUXTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION". 

thing-s: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. John 
8:21-24; Prov. 10:24; Luke 12:4, 5; 9:23-26; John 12:2.5, 26; Eccle. 
3:17; Matt. 25. 

18. Of The World to Come. — We believe that the end of 
this world is approaching-;! that at the Last Day Christ will de- 
scend from heaven, 3 and raise the dead from the grave to final 
retribution;3 that a solemn separation will then take place;4 that 
the wicked will be adjudged to endless punishment, and the 
righteous to endless joy;5 and that this judgment will fix forever 
the final state of men in heaven or hell, on principles of right- 
eousness. 6 

Places in the Bible where taught: 

1. 1 Pet. 4:7. But the end of all things is at hand, be ye 
therefore sober, and watch unto prayer. 1 Cor. 7:29-31; Heb. 1:10- 
12; Matt. 24:35; 1 John 2:17; Matt. 28:20; 13:39, 40; 2 Pet. 3:3-13. 

2. Acts 1:11. This same Jesus which is taken up from you 
into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go 
into heaven. Rev. 1:7; Heb. 9:28; Acts 3:21; 1 Thess. 4:13-18; 5:1-11. 

3. Acts 24:15. There shall be a resurrection of the dead, 
both of the just and the unjust. 1 Cor. 15:12-59; Luke 14:14; Dan. 
12:2; John 5:28, 29; 6:40; 11:25, 26; 2 Tim. 1:10; Acts 10:42. 

4. Math. 13:49. The angels shall come forth and sever the 
wicked from among the just. Math. 13:37-43; 24:30, 31; 25:31-33. 

5. Math. 25:35, 41. And these shall go away into everlasting 
punishment, but the righteous into life eternal. Rev. 22:11. He 
that is unjust, let him be unjust still; and he which is filthy, let 
him be filthy still; and he that is righteous, let him be righteous 
still; and he that is holy, let him be holy still. 1 Cor. 6:9, 10; 
Mark 9:43-48; 2 Pet. 2:9; Jude 7; Phil. 3:19^; Rom. 6:22; 2 Cor. 5:10, 
11; Jno. 4:36; 2 Cor. 4:18. 

6. Rom. 3:5, 6. Is God unrighteous, who taketh vengeance 
(I speak as a man) God forbid; for how then shall God judge the 
world? 2 Thess. 1:6-12. Seeing it is a righteous thing with God 
to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you, and to you 
who are troubled, rest with us — when he shall come to be glori- 
fied in his saints and to be admired in all them that believe. Heb. 
6:1, 2; 1 Cor. 4:5; Acts 17:31; Rom. 2:2-16; Rev. 20:11, 12; 1 John 2:28; 
4:17. 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



309 



Seeing- then that all thing-s shall be dissolved, what manner 
of persons oug-ht ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 
looking- for and hasting- unto the coming of the day of God'' 2 Pet 
3:11, 12. 



CHURCH COVENANT. 

Having been led,*as we believe, by the Spirit of God, to re- 
ceive the Lord Jesus Christ as our Saviour, and on the profession 
of our faith, having been baptized in the name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, we do now in the presence of 
God, angels, and this assembly, most solemnly and joyfully enter 
into covenant with one another, as one body in Christ. 

We engage therefore, by the aid of the Holy Spirit, to walk 
together in Christian love; to strive for the advancement of this 
church, in knovsrledge, holiness and comfort; to promote its pros- 
perity and spirituality; to sustain its worship, ordinances, disci- 
pline and doctrines; to contribute cheerfully and regularly to the 
support of the ministry, the expenses of the church, the relief of 
the poor, and the spread of the Gospel through all nations. 

We engage, also, to maintain family and secret devotion; to 
religiously educate our children, to seek the salvation of our kin- 
dred and acquaintances; to walk circumspectly in the world; to 
be just in our dealings, faithful in our engagements, and exem- 
plary in our deportment; to avoid all tattling, backbiting, and ex- 
cessive anger; to abstain from the sale and use of intoxicating 
drinks as a beverage, and to be zealous in our efforts to advance 
the kingdom of our Saviour. 

We further engage to watch over one another in brotherly 
love; to remember each other in prayer; to aid each other in sick- 
ness and distress; to cultivate Christian sympathy in feeling and 
courtesy in speech; to be slow to take offence, but always ready 
for reconciliation, and mindful of the rules of our Saviour to se- 
cure it without delay. We moreover engage that when we re- 
move from this place, we will as soon as possible unite with some 
other church where we can carry out the spirit of this covenant 
and the principles of God's Word. 



3IO HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

PEAYER. 

Now the God of peace, who brought again from the dead our 
Lord Jesus, that Great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood 
of the everlasting covenant, make you perfect in every good work, 
to do his will; working in you that which is well pleasing in his 
sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. 
Amen. 



INDEX. 



BOOK I— HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY ASSOCIATION. 



PAGE 

Organization, 1840, -, 1 

Called Liberty, 1 

First Meeting- at Turkey Creek, ------ 2 

Embraced Seven Counties, 3 

In 1855 Twenty Churches, .......5 

Union Association Formed of Sac and Liberty, - - 6 

Freedom Association Organized 1858, ----- 8 

Constitution and Rules of Decorum, - - . - - 15 

Polk County Association Organized 1890, - - - - 71 



BOOK II— CHURCHES. 

Providence, 92 

Mt. Zion, 93 

Enon, .-- 95 

Turkey Creek, ' - - - - 97 

Freedom, - 98 

Mt. Zoar, 99 

Brighton, 99 

Oak Grove, 100 

Union Grove, 100 

Bolivar, 101 

Mt. View, 102 



312 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATIOW. 

Slag-le. - - - - 103 

Humansville, ,"""" 105- 

Pleasant Ridge, 105 

Concord, .......... jq? 

Mt. Pleasant, 107 

Friendship, .----..... iqs 

Cedar Bluff, ' 108 

Cedar, Cedar County, 108 

Mt. Olive, 109 

Pleasant View, - - - - - - - -.- Ill 

Salem, - - - - - Ill 

Campbell's Grove, ---113 

Pisg-ah, 113 

Bethel, - - - - - - 115 

Center Point, - -115 

Sharon, --115 

Prairie Mound, 110 

Morrisville, - 117 

Schofield, 118 

Fair Play, 119 

Harmony, 119 

Rock Pi-airie, - -- - r 120 

Elkton, 121 

Buffalo, 121 

Mt. Pisgah, 122 

New Hope, Dallas county, 125 

Hopewell, Dallas county, 126 

Pleasant Ridge, Dallas county, 126 

Louisburg, Dallas county, 127 

Buffalo, Macedonia, Dallas county, 128 



BOOK III— BIOGRAPHY. 

Eld. B. McCord Roberts', 129 

Eld. Elijah Williams, - - - 130 

Eld. D. R. Murphy, 131 

Eld. Geo. Mitchell, 134 

Eld. Wm. Tatum, 136 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 313 

Eld. Henry Akard, 136 

Eld. Wm. B. Senter, - - - 137 

Eld. Jehu Robinson, 141 

Eld. Wm. P. Spilman, 143 

Eld. Isaac Ingram, 146 

Eld. Burrow Buckner, -------- 148 

Eld. J. E. B. Justice, 149 

Hon. Samuel L. Smith, 150 

Dr. Peter B. Smith, 153 

Hardin M. Williams, - - 152 

J. K. P. Williams, 153 

Eld. J. R. Callaway, . - - 154 

Judge Thomas Higginbotham, 155 

J. B. Thurman, 156 

Eld. D. G. Young, 157 

Eld. Jas. Schofield, 159 

Eld. Greenberry Mitchell, 163 

Eld. J. F. Ingram, 163 

Eld. Robert Ross, 163 

Eld. Jas. S. Buckner, 164 

Eld. Wm. B. Epps, 165 

Eld. R. C. Gilmore, 1«5 

Eld. J. C. T. Wood, 166 

W. J. Eskew, 167 

Eld. D. P. Brockus, sr., 16S 

Eld. W. C. Armstrong, 1"0 

Eld. S. D. Tidwell, 1"3 

Eld. J. L. Taylor, 174 

Eld. F. J. Leavitt, 183 

Eld. S. P. Collins, - - 183 

Eld. J. M. Payne, 184 

Eld. Geo. L. Wilson, - 185 

Robert Hook, 186 

Wm. Lovett, 186 

Jas. Ballenger, --------- 187 

Calvin H. Davis, - - 187 

Wm. F. Combs, 187 

Mrs. D. E. Schofield, 187 



3H 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 



Merida N. Wills, 189 

H. C. Turk, 189 

Jas. P. Slag-le, - "- 190 

Eld. W. H. Burnham, 190 

Eld. Geo. W. White, 193 

Hon. J. W. Burks, 193 

Wm. F. Burnes, 194 

Dr. I. M. Jones, 194 

Prof. J. M. Leavitt, - 195 

Eld. J. L. Leonard, 196 

Eld. D. P. Brockus, jr., - - ^197 

Asa Kerby, ..._...--- 198 

Eld. G. H. Hig-g-inbotham, 198 

Eld. G. M. BoLts. 199 

Eld. Jas. Owen, - - - 199 

Eld. S. W. Alley, .- - - 200 

S. O. Gordon, 201 

Eld. J. A. Newport, 201 

Eld. J. H. Stinecipher, 203 

Eld. B. F. Chamberlin, - 204 

Eld. S. S. Pike, 205 

Mrs. Esther M. (Sanford) Lovelace, 206 

Mrs. Ella Cowen (Prather) Beagle, 208 

Jesse Howard Murra5% 209 

John H. Baker, 210 

Reuben C. Slagle, 210 

W. S. M. Barnett, 211 

Geo. W. Davis, 213 

Jas. P. Brock, - - 313 

Prof. Asa B. Bush, - 213 

Eld. J. W. Mayfield, - 315 

Eld. J. W. Haines, 216 

Eld. N. J. Stinecipher, 218 

Z. T. Simmons, 218 

Willis J. Tiller, - " "219 

Eld. Thompson Pitts, 220 

Eld. W. N. Hatfield, 230 

Francis Tillery. 231 



HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 315 

Jesse Bewley, - - - - - -- - - - 223 

Eld. Obadiah Smith, - - . - - - - 223 

Samuel A. Dei'ossett, 224 

Eld. M. A. Wolfe, 225 

R. F. Conley, 226 

J. W. Lightfoot, 226 

John Lightfoot, 227 

Eld. W. T. Campbell, 229 

Wm. Gary, 230 

Eld. S. M. Murray, 231 

G. W. and J. W. Alexander, 231 

Eld. Lawson Scrivener, 232 

Eld. J. W. Cranfill, 232 

Jas. F. Blakey, 232 

Eld. L. J. Tatum, 233 

Eld. Wm. S. Hodges, 238 

Eld. John W. Ragsdale, - 238 

Eld. Wm. E. Hoover, 239 

A. J. Lower, 239 

Eld. F. M. Kelley, 240 

Eld. B. L. Mitchell, 241 

Eld. E. D. Fortner, 242 

Mrs. Friscilla A. Dunnegan, - 242 

Eld. Daniel M. Sewell, 243 

Eld. W. D. Cheek, 244 

Eld. David Hitson, 245 

Eld. R. G. Mitchell, 246 

Eld. Charles Grove, -------- 246 

Prof. Edw^in Maxey, 247 

Ezekiel Lindsey, 248 

Starling W. Lindsey, 248 

Eld. Richard Harrison, _...._. 250 

John Clay pool, ....._..- 250 

Eld. John C. Mitchell, 251 

Eld. T. F. Simmons, 252 

Eld. W. A. Gilmore, - - - 254 

A. J. Hunter, ..-..----. 255 



3l6 HISTORY OF POLK COUNTY BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. 

BOOK IV— SOUTHWEST BAPTIST COLLEGE. 

Origin of Southwest Baptist College, 267 

First Year, located at Lebanon in 1878, .... ggg 

Second Year, at Bolivar, in 1879, - - - - - - 369 

The First Faculty, - - 269 

Third Year, 269 

Fourth Year, 1881-3, 370 

Fifth Year, 1883-3, - - - - 370 

Sixth Y^ear, 1883-4, 370 

Seventh Year, 1884-5, 370 

Eighth Year, 1885-6, - - 370 

Ninth Year, 1886-7, 370 

Tenth Y'ear, 1887-8, 271 

Eleventh Year, 1888-9, 271 

Twelfth Year, 1839-90, 271 

Thirteenth Year, 1890-1, 271 

Fourteenth Year, 1891-3, 271 

Fifteenth Year, 1892-3, * - - 371 

Sixteenth Year, 1893-4, ....... 272 

Seventeenth Year, 1894-5, 272 

Eighteenth Year, 1895-6, 273 

Trustees, - 373 

Sketch of Eld. J. R. Maupin, 374 

Sketch of Eld. A. S. Ingman, 274 

Sketches of Graduates, 275 

Sketch of Eld. G. W. Sherman, 293 

Sketch of Eld. Charles Ingram, 293 



BOOK V— ARTICLES OF FAITH AND CHURCH COVENANT. 



Articles of Faith, 
Church Covenant, 



394 
309 






l! 



ill 



V 



♦V 






I Hit 



ilMP 



■jag^'raf 



^'"^^riy 



v\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\^^^^^