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Full text of "A history of the Puget Sound country, its resources, its commerce and its people: with some reference to discoveries and explorations in North America from the time of Christopher Columbus down to that of George Vancouver in 1792 .."

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 

3 3433 08178479 9 



,^J 






^ J . SL^U 



A HISTORY 



OF 



The Puget Sound Country 



'S RESOURCES, ITS COMMERCE AND ITS PEOPLE 



With some Reference to Discoveries and Explorations in North America 

from the Time of Christopher Columbus Down to that of George 

Vancouver in 1792, when the Beauty, Richness and Vast 

Commercial Advantages of this Region Were 

First Made Known to the World. 



BY 

Col. William Farrand Prosser 

Ex- President of the Washington State Historical Society. 



ILLUSTRATED 
VOLUME II 



" Examine History, for it is Philosophy teaching by Experience."— Carlyle. 



THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

New York Chicago 

i9°3 



fd NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

241597A 

ASTOR, LENOX AND 

TfLDEN FOUNDATIONS 

R 1026 L 



INDEX. 



Abel, Anthony M 356 

Adams, Charles M 242 

Adams, E. M 353 

Aldrich, John F 438 

Aldwell, Thomas T 355 

Alexander. Hubbard F 164 

Allen, William B 365 

Armstrong, John H 458 

Atkinson, < ieorge E 245 

Austin, William A 374 



B. 



Baker. Frank R 200 

Balkwill, Samuel R 166 

Bar, Lawrence 121 

Bardsley, William C 52r 

Barlow, Byron 411 

Barlow, Calvin S iq 

Bartruff, David E 358 

Bates, Charles 147 

Bedford, Charles 384 

Bell, George W 81 

Bell, John M 526 

Benson. Bertil W 399 

Berry, John W 21 

Bigelow, Harry A 302 

Bingham, Charles E 294 

Birge. George E 362 

Blake, Almon C 363 

Blattner, Frank S 101 

Bordeaux, Thomas 64 

Bothell, David C 163 

Boyle, John L 352 

Brackett, George 405 

Bradley, Luther P 192 

Bradley. William R 172 

Branin, Alvertis 416 

Brautigam, Phil 512 

Brawley, Dewitt C 263 

Bridges, Jesse B 404 

Britton, George C 102 

Brown, Arthur H 460 

Brown, Neil 455 

Brush, William 297 

Bryan, Robert B 130 

Burdick, Henry P 98 

Burwell, Austin P 269 

Bush, Newti m W 356 

Butler, William C 357 



Cain, George W 493 

Cain, James 494 

Calderhead, Samuel C 369 

Calkins, D. D 195 

Callvert, Stephen A 500 

Campbell, Fremont 232 

Campbell, Horace 398 

Campbell, Louis D 176 

Campbell, Richard P 513 

Carman, Joseph L 491 

Centralia Chronicle 463 

Centralia News-Examiner 308 

Chambers, James W 561 

Chapman, Adam M 379 

Chapman, William 171 

Chehalis Bee-Nugget 290 

Clark, Adelbert B 532 

Clarke, William D 132 

Cleaveland, Elisha B 451 

Coady, Michael S 398 

Coffman, Noah B 108 

Coleman, John T 569 

Collins, UMric L 211 

Comeford, James P 462 

Conrad. Chesley T 392 

Cook. Ralph 314 

Coon, Charles E 59 

Corey. Merton H 219 

Cotter, William D 453 

Cowden, Harrison 180 

Cox, Harvey R 276 

Cox, William C 44 

Crandall, Sidney G 99 

Crawford. Ronald C 274 

Crosby, Frank L 252 

Cudihee, Edward 367 

D. 

Dalgleish, John W 450 

Darling. Charles A 141 

Davidson, Alpheus 133 

Davis, George L 435 

Davis, Henry C 48 

Davis, James H 162 

Davis. William H 380 

Day, Edwin M 496 

Deggaller, Edward 397 

Denny. Arthur A 1 

Denton, Marion G 199 

DeSoto, Alexander 47 



INDEX. 



Devin, Henry L 251 

Dickerson. William W 77 

Dickinson, Harvey L 286 

Draham, Mark H 5§ 

Drewry, David T 83 

1 (reyer, Frank 437 

Drum, Henry 96 

Dumon, John H 122 

Dunbar, Cyrus V 63 

Dunbar, Ralph 134 

Durrent, James A 155 

Dysart, George 5 10 



349 



393 
38i 
170 



Glen, Robert J 

Glidden, Lewellin M 169 

Gormley, Matt H 366 

Green, George 

Griffith, Luther H 

Griggs, Herbert S 

Grimm, S. Edwin 5S 1 

Gross Morris 214 

Grove, James T 3° 

Gunston, Malcolm E 202 



H. 



Earles, Michael 539 

Eaton, William B 426 

Edens. John J 468 

Elder, James 495 

Elliott, Henry S 19' 

Ellison, David 347 

Elstercit, August 346 

Engle, Abraham W 145 

Erbolm, Charles 261 

Eshelman, James F _. . . 270 

Evans, John 4 2 7 

Everson, Ever 522 

F. 

Fairweather, William A 61 

Faubert, Henry 66 

Ferguson, David 328 

Ferguson. Emory C 4°° 

Ferry Museum 3°8 

Fisher. George C 396 

Fisk, Thomas P 187 

Flemming, Thomas C 220 

Forbes, John B 345 

Foss, Louis 360 

Fourtner, Samuel 86 

Fowler, Charles R 3*9 

Fowler, George W 243 

Fowler, W. G 450 

France, George W 5 2 8 

Francis, T. P 375 

Fratt, Charles D 312 

Frost. Robert 124 

Fullerton, Mark A 177 

Furness, John 343 

Furth. Jacob 568 



Garretson, Hiram F 168 

Gibbs, Sal. in A 284 

Gilchrist, Charles 121 

Gilday, Roberl 43° 

Giles. Thei ><1' ire 395 

Gillespie, fames R 4'3 

Gillette, Theodore W 281 

Gilstrap, William H 272 

Gingrich, Christian 194 

Glasgow, Joseph M 394 



Hadley, Hiram E 555 

Hadley. Lindlcy H 54 1 

Hague, Isaac N 2 °3 

Hamilton, Edward S 248 

Handsaker, Lester S 35 1 

Harm, Frank D 533 

Harmon, Ulysses E n 7 

Harrington, Frederick W 35° 

Harris, James McE 126 

Harris, Mitchell S63 

Harstad, Bjug 38 

Hartman, Washington 554 

Harvey, Walter M i°3 

Haskell, Forbes P., Jr °9 

Haskill, Edwin N 33° 

Hastie, Thomas P 448 

Hatch, George C 3 11 

Hawkins, Harry A 371 

Hawks, Archie McL 477 

Heberden. William H 477 

Hegg, Fred A 137 

Henry, Thomas N 69 

Hensler, Gus 490 

Hill, Bradford L 41 

Hill, Frank D 5" 

Hinckley, Timothy D 389 

Hofercamp. Herman IQ 6 

Hogan. Frank V 5°6 

Hohl, George J MO 

Holes, Lucius T 425 

Holt, Charles L 239 

Hood, Charles 388 

Hopkins, James F 464 

Horton, Dexter 564 

Hoss, Theodore 244 

Hovey, John P 543 

Howe, Alvah B 214 

Hudson, Robert G 215 

Huftv, Baldwin 498 

Hunter. J. W 391 

Huston. Thad 158 

Uuth, Anton 218 

Hvlak. Anton, Sr. and Jr 537 

llvner, Matthew E 146 



Idc, Clarence W 489 

Irving, Peter 167 

Israel. George C 144 



INDEX. 



J. 

Jacobs, Orange 570 

Johns, Bennett W 128 

Johnson, Harvey L 414 

Johnson, James L 548 

Jones, Sherman L 558 

K. 

Kale, C. S 175 

Kan die, George B 224 

Kearney, Joseph F 82 

Kempster, Arthur L 388 

Kildall, Simon F 4icS 

Kincaid, Robert 138 

Kingsbury, Edward P 69 

Kirkpatrick, Minor P 344 

Kirkpatrick, William D 311 

Kline, Robert L 514 

Kneeland, Ammi H 556 

Knight. Mrs. Mary M 35 

Knox, James 51 

Kuhn, Albert H 55 

Kyle, George A 447 

L. 

Laffoon, Reuben F 23 

Lambert, Ross S 182 

Langhorne, William W 531 

Larson, John J 107 

LaSallc, William no 

Latta, Marion C 264 

Lawler, George 552 

Lewis County Advocate 291 

Linck, John W 236 

Linn, Oliver V 124 

Lister, Alfred 285 

Lister, Ernest 79 

Lloyd. J. P. D 13 

Locke, Phil S 387 

London & San Francisco Bank, Limited.. 95 

Longden, George R 557 

Loose, Ursinus K 432 

Lutz, Harry E 518 

M. 

Mallory, Henry 364 

Malloy, William J 323 

Manning, Lucius R 94 

Marsh, Calvin L 243 

Martin, H. H., Lumber Company ^,27 

Mason Countv Journal 262 

Mathes, Edward T 515 

Matthew. Otto L 378 

Matthews. Alexander G 446 

Mayhew, Lewis 324 

Maynard, Charles W 567 

McBride, Henry 87 

McCarver, Morton M 470 

McConnaughey, John W 467 

McCoy. George 517 

McCready, Norman S 240 

McCully, Frank M .538 



McDonald, Thomas W 231 

McGregor, Daniel 165 

McGregor, Henry J 422 

McKay, George L 415 

McManus, John E 376 

McMurray, John L 24 

McNeelev, Edwin J 205 

McNitt, Frank T 77 

Mead, Albert E 333 

Meade, William J 185 

Meath, Edward 104 

Metcalf. Ralph 26 

Meyer, Frederick 529 

Milhollin. James H 148 

Milhollin. John H 14S 

Miller. George H 326 

Milroy, Robert H 74 

Milroy, Valerius A 76 

Mitchell, Frank W 300 

Mitchell, S. Z 332 

Mock, William H 71 

Mohn, Jacob E 271 

Moon, Harley D 317 

Moran Thomas 339 

Morgan, Hiram D 402 

Morning Olympian, The 462 

Morse, Davis W 487 

Morse, Frank C 28 

Morse. Robert 1 293 

Moultray, William R 247 

Mount, Wallace 178 

Mowed, John W 39 

Miinn, Clarence E 331 

Munro, Henry L 34" 

Munro. William J 246 

Munson, Albert J 233 

N. 

Needham, Arthur 62 

Neher, John A 3.tf 

Neterer, Jeremiah 289 

Newkirk, Israel A 255 

Newland. John T 37 ' 

Nichols, Samuel H 112 

Nicholson, Lawson A 18 

o. 

Olson, Charles A 418 

Olympia Daily Recorder 227 

Olvmpia National Bank 292 

O'Neill, Thomas 573 

Opsvig, Peter L 3' 

Ormsby, Norris '39 

Osborn, George W 33 

Owen, Hezekiah S 203 



Parks, William 522 

Peterson, John H 259 

Phillips, S. A 37 

Pidduck, George A 34& 

Pidduck. Thomas H 34' 

Pinckney, William H 142 



INDEX. 



Pitcher, Hamilton 213 

Post, John 43 1 

Powell, William 504 

Prefontaine, Francis X 475 

Prichard, Arthur G 505 

Pritchard, Charles 1 578 

Primer, George D. C 186 

R. 

Ratcliffe, Edward M 459 

Rathbun, John C 104 

Rea, Oscar E 443 

Reavis, James B 73 

Redman, lolm T 5 2 7 

Reeves, Elza A 4°7 

Reid, Robert A 406 

Reinhart, Caleb S 14 

Remsberg, Charles E 4°9 

Rhodes, B. H 116 

Rice, Alonzo E 115 

Richardson, H. G 80 

Ricksecker, Eugene 4'7 

Riddell, Crockett M 258 

Riley, Jean F 67 

Kiplinger, John 3°° 

Robbins Brothers 540 

Robbins, Herbert E 540 

Robbins, William L 540 

Robinson, J. W 146 

Robinson, Martin 222 

Robinson, Thomas 278 

Robinson, William F 288 

Roeder, Otto B '. 368 

Roice, Edward A 419 

Ronev, Thomas 434 

Rosling, Eric E 161 

Ross, Frank C 150 

Rowe, Lewis S 544 

Rowland, Harry G 46 

Rucker, Mrs. J. M 184 

Russell. Ambrose J 217 

S. 

Sampson, Lammon E 208 

Sargent, John H 250 

Saunders. Steve 488 

Schmidt, Leopold F 335 

Schricker, W. E 420 

Scobcy, J. O'B 156 

Scott, Alvin B 17 

Scott, James B 523 

Seaborg, Ernest A 486 

Semple, Eugene 534 

Shelton Weekly Tribune 287 

Shenkenberg, Theodore 29 

Shrewsbury, Homer H 386 

Simpson, John 85 

Slaughter, Samuel C 53 

Small, Mrs. R. A 154 

Smith. Norman R 265 

Smith, Silas T 501 

Snell. Marshall K 100 

Snyder, Wilson Mel 452 



Speirs, George 127 

Spencer, George A 549 

Spithill, Alexander 410 

Sprague, Frank S 92 

Springer, C. H 120 

Squire, Watson C 479 

Stadelman, Charles H 320 

Stallcup, John C 27 

Stampllir, Jacob 562 

Stanbra, Charles 500 

Startup, Jeremiah G 174 

State Bank 120 

Stauffer, Joseph E 424 

Steele, Edward 179 

Stewart, Carey L 444 

Stewart. David 114 

St. John. Arthur C Ill 

Street, Samuel F 295 

Strout, Edwin A 229 

Sullivan, John 132 

Sumner, Thomas B 428 

Swalwell, William G 502 

T. 

Taylor, Alonzo S 520 

Terry, Frank 441 

Thayer, Elroy M 316 

Thmnas, Robert P 298 

Thompson, Charles W 280 

Thompson, Edgar 1 209 

Tin nne, Chester 197 

Titlow, Aaron R 22 

Tyler, Thomas 317 

U. 

Udness, Olaf 260 

V. 

Vance. Thomas M 499 

Van Holderbeke, August 189 

Van Valey, Albert L 32 

Vernon, James M 304 

Vogtliu, George H 256 

W. 

Wadhams, Arthur E 303 

Walker, Richard E 182 

Wallace, Thomas B 507 

Walters, Abraham L 10S 

Walton, Hiram F 440 

Waples, William H 105 

Warburton, Stanton 16 

Warner, Henry H 321 

Warren, Albert 383 

Warren, Seth 434 

Washington, George 325 

Washington Standard 227 

Watson, Alexander R 190 

Watson, J. Howard 546 

Weekly Capital 476 

Weir, Allen 579 

Weisbach, Arthur J 52 

W.lls, Charles H 68 



INDEX. 



Wells, William V 257 

West, Harry 572 

West, John 109 

Wharton. William S 310 

White, Chester F 279 

White, Francis A 524 

White, Harry 456 

White, Henry A 516 

White, Louis P 338 

Whitworth, Frederick H 84 

Whitworth, George F 574 

Wiestling, Joshua M 225 

Wilkins,' Thomas H 198 

Willey, Frank C 559 

Willey, Lafavette 90 

Willis, J. E 118 

Wilson. William M 385 

Wilson, Zachary T 57 

Winchester, Harry 423 



Winne, Douglas T 43 

Wolten. William M 408 

Wood, Frederick J 352 

U ■ 11 . Is, William 492 

Woodworth, Charles 238 

Woolard, Alfred E 436 

Woolley, Philip A 466 

Worden, Warren A 40 

Wright. Albert H 508 

Wright, Charles 179 

Wynkoop, Urban G 160 



Young, Abraham C 207 

Young, Robert 512 



Zimmerman, Peter 337 



HISTORY 

OF THE 

PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 



HON. ARTHUR A. DENXY. 

In all ages, the pioneers of the world have occupied a prominent place 
in its history. They were usually men of action more than of words, yet many 
of them have left a deep and lasting impression, not only upon their own day 
and generation, but upon succeeding ages. Abraham was not the first man 
to " go west " and become the father and founder of a great nation. When 
the people of our own country were looking for a leader, at a great crisis in 
their history, they did not go to the cultivated population of its eastern states 
and cities, but they went west and took Abraham Lincoln, a pioneer of the 
state of Illinois, who led them triumphantly through the most critical period 
of their existence, notwithstanding the manifold and extraordinary difficulties 
by which he was surrounded. In our own state, the name of Arthur A. 
Denny is everywhere recognized as that of a man who has borne a conspic- 
uous and an honorable part in its early settlement and in the work of laying 
the foundations of a great and prosperous commonwealth. For more than 
forty-seven years he faithfully discharged, without fear and without reproach, 
every duty devolving upon him, whether personal and domestic or public and 
official in its character. From the time of his arrival at Alki Point, on the 
13th day of November, 185 1, to the day of his death in Seattle, on the 9th 
of January, 189Q, he was never known to falter in the performance of any 
trust or obligation he may have assumed, but during all of that time he was 
known as an upright, sincere and earnest, God-fearing man, whose highest 
ambition it was to serve his country and his fellowmen to the best of his 
ability as a useful, progressive, patriotic and law-abiding citizen. 

At his death it was realized that " a great man had fallen in Israel." 
Yet he came to his grave in a full age, " like as a shock of corn cometh in his 
season/' And his loss was deplored by thousands of people who were never- 
theless proud of the fact that such a man had lived and died amongst them. 
His memory is a priceless legacy, not only to his descendants, but to the en- 
tire community in which he dwelt, and to the territory and state of which 

1* 



2 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

he was so long an honored citizen. It lias been said that " the best com- 
mentary upon any work of literature is a faithful life of the author." If this 
be true, it is also true that the best memorial which can be framed of such 
a man as Mr. Denny is the publication of a plain and straightforward history 
of his personal life and character. Fortunately he has left us an autobiog- 
raphy which will, beyond question, be more interesting to our readers than 
anything which could lie written, no matter how impartial it might lie, by a 
surviving friend or acquaintance. 

This sketch of his life is written in that direct and unassuming manner 
which characterized Mr. Denny, -and, like the " Personal Memoirs of Gen- 
eral Grant." it carries with it the conviction that it was written by a man of 
strict and sturdy integrity. This autobiography is as follows: 

AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF ARTHUR ARMSTRONG DENNY. 

I have been of late so frequently solicited for a sketch of my life that it 
has become a source of annoyance, more especially as it has never occurred 
to me, and does not now. that my life's history is of any importance or calcu- 
lated to be of any special interest to the public at large. 

In my life work I have simply endeavored to meet the obligations to 
my family and discharge my duty as a citizen to my country and the commun- 
ity in which I have lived. It has not occurred to me that I have accomplished 
anything above the ordinary, and, if so, I should feel humiliated to claim it 
for myself. 

My life has been a busy one, and I have not taken time to think of the 
estimate which those who are to come after me may put upon what I have 
done, or whether they will consider it at all. Having reached a time when 
what I can do, or what I may think or say is of but little moment to the active 
world, the hard and annoying thing to me is the seeming disposition to dissect 
the subject before death. It is not, therefore, for self-exaltation that I have 
undertaken to make as brief a sketch as possible, but to relieve myself of the 
annoyance referred to, and for the satisfaction of my family. 

Arthur Armstrong Denny. 

Seattle, November 25th, 1890. 

The Dennys are a very ancient family of England, Ireland and Scotland. 
I trace my branch from Ireland to America in my great-grandparents, David 
and Margaret Denny, who came to America before the Revolution, and 
settled in Berks county, Pennsylvania, where my grandfather, Robert Denny, 
was born in the year 1753. In early life he removed to Frederick county, Vir- 
ginia, where he, in the year 1778, married Rachel Thomas, and in about 1790 
removed to and settled in Mercer county, Kentucky, where my father, John 
Denny, was born May 4, [793. On August 25, 1814, he was married to 
Sarah Wilson, my mother, the daughter of Bassel and Ann Wilson. My 
mother was born in the old town of Bladensburg, near Washington city. Feb- 
ruary 3, i7<)7- Her mother's name was Scott, but I cannot trace the families 
of my maternal grandparents beyond America, hut they, doubtless, came to 
America in very early times. 

Both of my grandparents rendered service in the Revolutionary war, and 
my grandfather Wilson belonged to Washington's command at Braddock's 
defeat. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 3 

My father was a soldier in the war of 1812, and belonged to Colonel 
Richard M. Johnson's regiment of Kentucky volunteers. He was also an 
ensign in Captain McAfee's company. He was with Harrison at the battle 
of the Thames, when Proctor was defeated and the noted Tecumseh was killed. 
He was a member of the Illinois legislature in 1840-41, with Lincoln, Yates, 
Baker and others who afterwards became noted in national affairs. He was 
a Whig in politics, and a Republican after the formation of that party. For 
many years he was a justice of the peace, and it was his custom to induce 
litigants, if possible, to settle without a resort to law : I do not think he was 
ever himself a party in an action at law. He died July 28, 1875, in his eighty- 
third year. My mother died on March 25, 1841, in her forty-fifth year. For 
her I had the greatest reverence, and as I now look back and contemplate 
her character, it seems to me that she was as nearly perfect as it is possible to 
find any one in this world. 

About the year 18 16 my parents removed from Kentucky to Washington 
county, Indiana, and settled near Salem, where I was born, June 20, 1822. 
When I was about one year old they removed to Putnam county, six miles 
east of Greencastle, where they remained until I was in my thirteenth year, 
when they removed to Knox county, Illinois. The first land entered in 
Putnam county by my father was March 12. 1823. My impression is that 
he went there and made the selection at that time and moved the family some 
time in the summer or fall of the same year. 

My education began in the log schooihouse so familiar to the early settler 
in the old west. The teachers were paid by subscription, so much per pupil, 
and the schools rarely lasted more than half the year, and often but three 
months. Among the earliest of my recollections is one of my father hew- 
ing out a farm in the beech woods of Indiana ; and I well remember that the 
first school I attended was two and a half miles distant from my home. When 
I became older it was often necessary for me to attend the home duties one- 
half of the day and then go to school, a mile distant ; but by close applica- 
tion I was able to keep up with my class. My opportunities, to some extent, 
improved as time advanced, but I never got beyond the boarding school 
and seminary. I spent my vacation with older brothers at carpenter and 
joiner work, to obtain the means to pay my expenses during term time. 

On November 23, 1843, I was married to Mary Ann Boren, to whom I 
am very largely indebted for any success which I may have achieved in life. 
She has been kind and indulgent to all my faults, and in cases of doubt and 
difficulty in the long voyage we have made together she has always been, 
without the least disposition to dictate, a safe and prudent adviser. 

I was eight years county surveyor of Knox county. Illinois, and resigned 
that position to 'come to the Pacific coast. On April 10, 185 1, 1 started 
with my family across the plains, and reached The Dalles. August II, and 
arrived in Portland, August 23. On the 5th of November we sailed for 
Puget Sound on the schooner Exact, and arrived at our destination on 
Elliott's Bav, November 13, 1851. 

The place where we landed we called Alki Point, at that time as wild a 
spot as any on earth. We were landed in the ship's boat when the tide was 



4 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

well out ; and while the men of the party were all actively engaged in re- 
moving our goods to a point above high tide, the women and children had 
crawled into the brush, made a fire, and spread a cloth to shelter them from 
the rain. When the goods were secured I went to look after the women, 
and found on my approach that their faces were concealed. On a closer 
inspection I discovered that they were in tears, having already discovered 
the gravity of the situation; but I did not for some time discover that I had 
gone a step too far. In fact, it was not until I became aware that my wife 
and helpless children were exposed to the murderous attacks of hostile savages 
that it dawned upon me that I had made a desperate venture. My motto in 
life was to never go backward, and in fact if I bad wished to retrace my 
steps it was about as nearly impossible to do so as if I bad taken the bridge 
up behind me. I had brought my family from a good home surrounded by 
comforts and luxuries, and landed them in a wilderness, and I do not now 
think that it was at all strange that a woman who had, without complaint, 
endured all the dangers and hardships of a trip across the great plains should 
be found shedding tears when contemplating the hard prospect then so plainly 
in view. Now, in looking back to the experiences of those times, it seems to 
me that it is not boasting to say that it required quite an amount of energy 
and some little courage to contend with and overcome the difficulties and 
dangers we had to meet. For myself, I was for the first several weeks after 
our landing, so thoroughly occupied in building a cabin to shelter my family 
for the winter that I had not much time to think of the future. About the 
time we got our houses completed our little settlement was fortunately visited 
by Captain Daniel S. Howard, of the brig Leoness, seeking a cargo of piles 
which we contracted to furnish. This gave us profitable employment, and, 
although the labor was severe, as we did it mostly without a team, we were 
cheered on witli the thought that we were providing food for our families. 
A circumstance occurred just at the close of our labor which for a few hours 
caused us the greatest anxiety and even consternation, but resulted in con- 
siderable amusement afterwards. We finished the cargo late in the after- 
noon, and it was agreed between us and the captain that he would settle with 
us the next day. The vessel was anchored near the Point, and that night 
there was a stiff gale from the south, which caused the anchor to drag, and 
carried the brig before it until the anchor caught in the mud at Smith's 
Cove. The Indians soon discovered it, and came and reported that the ship 
had "clatiwad" (left), which caused in our little settlement great astonish- 
ment and concern. We were forced to the conclusion that the captain bad 
absconded to avoid paying us for our hard work, and the time we had put in 
on the cargo was not counted by eight-hour days, but from daylight until 
darkness. The ship's unexpected departure added a sleepless night to our 
arduous toil. In the morning, when it grew light enough to see. to our great 
joy, we discovered the brig getting under way and she soon returned. The 
captain came on shore and gave a most satisfactory explanation, and he was 
ever afterwards, to the day of his death, the especial favorite of every one of 
our little community. 

In February, 1852, in company with William N. Bell and C. D. Boren, 
I made soundings of Elliott's Bay along the eastern shore and towards the 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 5 

foot of the tide flats to determine the character of the harbor, using for that 
purpose a clothes line and a bunch of horse shoes. After the survey of the 
harbor we next examined the land and timber around the bay, and after three 
clays' careful investigation we located claims with a view of lumbering, and. 
ultimately, of laying off a town. 

I came to the coast impressed with the belief that a railroad would be 
built across the continent to some point on the northern coast within the next 
fifteen or twenty years, and located on the Sound with that expectation. I 
imagined that Oregon would receive large annual accessions to its popula- 
tion, but in this I was mistaken, mainly by the opening of Kansas and Ne- 
braska to settlement. The bitter contest which arose there over the slavery 
question had the effect to attract and absorb the moving population to such 
an extent that very few, for several years, found their way through those 
territories ; and a large proportion of those who did pass through were gold- 
seekers bound for California. 

Then came our Indian war, which well nigh depopulated Washington 
territory. This was followed by the great rebellion, all of which retarded" the 
growth of the territory, and for a long time prevented the construction of the 
railroad upon which I had based large hopes. In the spring of 1852, when we 
were ready to move upon our claims, we had the experience of the fall be- 
fore over again in building our cabins to live in. After the houses were built 
we commenced getting our piles and hewn timber mostly for the San Francisco 
market ; but occasionally a cargo for the Sandwich Islands. Vessels in the 
lumber trade all carried a stock of general merchandise, and from them we 
obtained our supplies. 

The captain sold from the vessel while taking in cargo, and on leaving 
turned over the remainder to me to sell on commission. On one occasion my 
commission business involved me in serious difficulty. The captain of one 
of the vessels with whom I usually dealt, carried a stock of liquors, but he 
knew that I did not deal in spirits, and disposed of that part of the cargo him- 
self, or kept it on board. One one occasion, as he was ready for the voyage 
from San Francisco with his usual stuck, something prevented his making 
the voyage himself ; he put a young friend of his just out from Maine in 
command and gave him general directions, but when they came to the whisky, 
the young captain said, "What am I to do with that? I will not sell it." 
"Well," he replied, "take it up to my agent, Mr. Denny, and if he will not 
dispose of it, turn it over to a friend of mine at Alki Point, who is in the 
trade." The vessel arrived and the new captain came on shore with a letter 
explaining the situation. I told him, "All right. Captain, take it to Alki ; 
I have no use for it." In due time the cargo was completed and the captain 
came on shore and informed me that the man at Alki had on hand a full 
stock of his own and would not take the stuff: and he would throw it over- 
board if I did not take it out of his way. My obligation to the owner would 
in no way justify me in permitting so rash an act, and I told the captain to 
send it on shore with the goods he was to leave, and have his men roll 
it up to the house, and I would take care of it until the owner came. I was 
cramped for room, but I found places to store it under beds and in safe 
corners about my cabin. It was a hard kind of goods to hold onto in those 



6 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

days, but there was never a drop cf it escaped until the owner came and re- 
moved it to Steilacoom. 

I continued in the commission business until the fall of 1854, when I 
entered in copartnership with Dexter Horton and David Phillips, in a general 
merchandise business, under the firm name of A. A. Denny & Company. Our 
capital was very limited; it would hardly purchase a truck load of goods 
now, but we did for a time, in a small, one-story, frame building on the 
corner of Commercial and Washington streets, afterward occupied by the 
bank of Dexter Horton & Company, the leading business of the town. 

When the Indian war came on in 1855, the firm dissolved and I went 
into the volunteer service for six months. 

I served as county commissioner of Thurston county, Oregon, when that 
county covered all of the territory north of Lewis county, and when Pierce, 
King, Island and Jefferson counties were formed by the Oregon legislature 
I was appointed a commissioner of King county. In 1853 I was appointed 
postmaster and received the first United States mail in Seattle, August 27, 
1853. On the organization of Washington territory I was elected to the 
house, and continued a member of either house of representatives or of the 
council for nine consecutive sessions, and was speaker of the house the third 
session. I was register of the United States land office at Olympia from 
1861 to HS65, when I was elected territorial delegate of the thirty-ninth 
Congress. 

On the 16th of June, 1870, my old friends and business partners, David 
Phillips and Dexter Horton, founded the bank of Phillips, Horton & Com- 
pany, and at the death of Mr. Phillips, which occurred on March 6, 1872, 
Mr. Horton, although alone in business, adopted the firm name of Dexter 
Horton & Company. I entered the bank at this time as executor of the 
Phillips estate, and, after closing the affairs of the estate, I took a half interest 
in the bank under the existing firm name, which Mr. Horton offered to change 
at the time, but, being fully satisfied with the name, I declined to allow the 
change. 

I have been identified with the fortunes and interests of Seattle from 
the day of its founding, and during the active period of my life it has been 
my earnest endeavor to promote and protect those interests to the best of 
my ability. 

My work is practically over. If it has been done in a way to entitle me 
to any credit. I do not feel that it becomes me to claim it. Should the reverse 
be true, then I trust that the mantle of charity may protect me from the too 
harsh judgment and criticism of those now on the active list; and that I may 
he permitted to pass into a peaceful obscurity, with the hopes that their ef- 
forts may lie more successful than mine. 

This memoir was written in 1890. Mr. Denny lived more than eight 
years afterwards and during much of that time he took an active interest, 
not only in his own large business enterprises, but in all matters pertaining 
to the public welfare. For (he last three years of his life, however, his fail- 
ing health admonished him that his business affairs should be left to bis sons, 
who gradually assumed their direction and control. 

Personally, Mr. Denny was six feet in height, weighed .about one bun- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 7 

dred and seventy pounds, with no superfluous flesh, and was a typical specimen 
of the sturdy and stalwart sons of the west, who were prepared physically 
and intellectually to grapple successfully with any and all obstacles that might 
be encountered. Large in mind and body, with a moral character equally 
strong and well developed, he continued to grow in the esteem and regard of 
his fellow citizens of Washington from the time when he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Oregon legislature in 1852 — Washington being then a part 'of 
Oregon — until in 1S97, when he was unanimously supported by the Repub- 
lican members of the Washington legislature for a seat in the United States 
senate. He did not take his seat, however, or serve in the Oregon legislature 
because the time required to obtain the returns from the large extent of ter- 
ritory he was elected to represent was so great that the term of the legislature 
expired before he could be notified and thereafter reach the seat of govern- 
ment. In 1897 his party was in the minority in the legislature, but these and 
many other incidents might be mentioned which illustrate the high esteem 
in which he was held by the people of Washington. In many respects Mr. 
Denny resembled Abraham Lincoln, not only in his personal appearance, but 
in his strong mental and moral characteristics, and in his keen perceptions 
of right and wrong, with the strength of will which enabled him to choose 
and follow the right, regardless of consequences. 

Whilst in politics he was an earnest and consistent Republican, from 
the organization of that party until his death, he yet enjoyed in an eminent 
degree the implicit confidence of all who knew him, without distinction of 
party, and his name was a synonym for honorable and upright dealing in 
public affairs as well as in private life. Identified from the beginning witli 
the history of Seattle, his business enterprise and his high standing for com- 
mercial integrity did much to give to this city the favorable place which it 
occupies to-day in the financial centers of the world. For what he has done 
the citizens of the state owe him a debt of gratitude, and that debt could be 
discharged in no more satisfactory way than by studying his character, cher- 
ishing his memory and following his example. His acts of charity were 
numerous, but without ostentation, and one of his greatest pleasures was to 
afford relief to the needy, the helpless and the destitute. 

In his domestic relations lie was particularly fortunate. His life-long 
companion who became his wife nearly fifty-six years ago, and who was 
throughout that long period, his constant and trusted companion, adviser 
and a helpmeet indeed, still survives him. From the time they began their 
long, toilsome and dangerous journey across the plains in 185 1, until, after 
many years of hardship and privation on Puget Sound, they again enjoyed 
the blessings of civilization, she endured with bravery and patience all the 
trials of frontier life incident to her situation, and thus proved herself worthy 
of a high place amongst the noble women of our country, who have ren- 
dered so much assistance in the work of laving the foundation of American 
commonwealths. 

Two daughters and four sons survive the happy union, all residing in 
Seattle. The daughters are: Mrs. George F. Frye and Miss Lenora Denny. 
The sons are: Robin II. Denny, Orrin O. Denny, Arthur W. Denny and 
Charles L. Denny, all prominent and highly respected business men of Seattle. 



8 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Mr. Denny also left one sister. Miss S. L. Denny, residing in Seattle, and 
two brothers, David T. Denny, of Seattle, and A. W. Denny, of Salem, Oregon. 

Mr. Denny left a large estate, chiefly in the city of Seattle, of which he 
was the principal founder, but his most valuable legacy was an unspotted 
character for loyalty and integrity and a long record of priceless and dis- 
tinguished services rendered to the people of the state of Washington. 

When he took his final departure he left behind him a noble example of 

"the high stern-featured beauty 

Of plain devotedness to duty. 

Steadfast and still, nor paid with mortal praise, 

But finding amplest recompense, 

For Life's ungarlanded expense, 

In work done squarely and unwasted days." 

William F. Prosser. 
The following extracts from the 

"tribute of the chamber of commerce," 
of Seattle, to the memory of Mr. Denny furnish a brief expression of the 
sentiment of the entire community on the subject: 

Seattle, January n, 1899. 
At the usual hour, 3 ^o p. m., the members being assembled, the meet- 
ing was opened by the president, Mr. E. O. Graves, who said : 

"Gentlemen : — This is the regular weekly meeting of the Chamber 
of Commerce, but by common consent it has been agreed that, instead of 
addressing ourselves to our usual duties, we shall devote this session to the 
memory of Arthur A. Denny, whose life, since our last meeting, has gently 
ebbed away. While Mr. Denny was not a member of this chamber, he had 
been so potent a factor in the founding and upbuilding of this city, he was so 
public-spirited as a citizen, and so universally respected as a man, that it is 
eminently fit that this body, representing the commercial interests of the city 
which he founded, should pause for an hour to pay a tribute to his memory. 
There are others here better qualified than I, by long acquaintance and asso- 
ciation with Mr. Denny, to speak of his public spirit, his generous heart, 
his sweet and gentle nature, but there is one phase of his character with 
which I have been deeply impressed, ever since I became a resident of Seattle, 
and which I believe to have been a powerful influence in shaping the char- 
acter of the new community which he founded. I refer to his spotless in- 
tegrity, his perfect uprightness. No man ever even charged Arthur Denny 
with the slightest deviation from the highest standard of truth and honor. 
No suspicion of over-reaching or sharp practice ever attached to him. His 
word, once given, was sacred. No formal bond could add a jot to the solemn 
obligation of his spoken word. No schemer could hope to induce him to 
take pari in any unworthy project, or for a moment to countenance any 
scheme that savored of unfairness. The healthful influence upon a new and 
unformed community of such a character, in its foremost man, cannot be over- 
estimated. It left an indelible stamp on this community, and it was an in- 
spiration ami example of every citizen of Seattle." 
By Hon. Roger S. Greene: 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 9 

"Mr. President and Gentlemen: Such a life as Mr. Denny's has special 
significance for all who knew him. It is not simply worthy of notice, but 
has urgent claims upon our attention and our speech. 

"Nothing spoken of or written about among men is so worthy of tribute 
from tongue or pen as the worthy man. To pay that tribute is a debt owed 
to society by those who have the faculty. Words can be engaged in no nobler 
or more faithful mission than to transmit, radiate and multiply, lofty and 
inimitable virtues. Mr. Denny, for this city of Seattle, of which he par- 
ticipated in the founding and of which, because of his prominent part in its 
beginning and growth, he has been deservedly called 'Father,' is the exponent 
of every civic virtue. Courage, modesty, resolution, fairness, steadfastness, 
industry, business capacity, thrift, public spirit, wisdom, manliness, have been 
uniformly his distinguishing characterstics. All varieties of life and work, 
from his home here as a center, have felt his positive impress. Although 
singularly unobtrusive and retiring, his activity has been largely public, or 
of public import and effect. He has many times and most satisfactorily 
served the people in stations of highest political trust, and at all times, and 
yet more efficiently, as a simple citizen, in less conspicuous ways. His fame 
extends justly throughout the state, and is to no inconsiderable degree national. 
From his first appearance on Elliott's Bay, his character, more than that of 
any other man, has been, and now is the nucleus around which Seattle, as she 
has been, as she is, and as she is to be, has been crystalizing, and will con- 
tinue to increase, take on form, and develop, along the lines of her perma- 
nent features and power. 

"When this city or chamber shall in the future see fit, by statue or 
memorial shaft, to honor any of her illustrious dead, she can find no more 
fitting personage with whom she could begin than Arthur Armstrong Denny. 

"Yet nothing of lifeless brass or inert stone that ever his fellow mortals 
can rear will equal in appropriateness or glory that which is already his. 
Seattle, the living city, is his own, his best, his most enduring monument. 

"A very lovable man was Dr. Denny. For true friendship, undemon- 
strative, affable, going out to high and low alike, plain-speaking, faithful, 
constant, considerate, wise, self-sacrificing, ever ready to grant, but shy to 
seek a favor, we will have to travel far and wide to find another such. And 
it is here only that we come to touch the full measure of the loss of this 
community. He was everybody's friend. All are mourners now. To-morrow 
we shall see some imperfect evidence of the estimate in which, he held others 
by their expression of their estimate of him. This chamber knows him as a 
business man, a representative of business interests, whether in the narrower 
field of private enterprise, or the broader one of political concern. But it has 
to look outward to realize just what has happened, and it beholds the whole 
landscape draped, and the scene filled with the multitude of the bereaved, 
many conscious mourners, but, as is always the case, many, very many, even 
now unconscious of the fact of their bereavement." 

By Mr. S. L. Crawford: 

"Mr. Arthur Denny was an all-round, well balanced man, and if I were 
to select any particular trait of his character as being most conspicuous, it 
would be that of his rugged disposition toward justice, and fair dealing be- 



10 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

tween man and man. This element in his character was early recognized 
by the Indians, and I am satisfied that it was largely the carrying out of this 
principle in his daily walk and conversation that enabled the little handful 
of whites, who first settled on Elliott's Bay, to live peacefully with the vast 
number of Indians who at that time inhabited this region. Very soon after 
Mr. Denny's arrival here he became acquainted with Pat Kanim, the power- 
ful chief of the Snoqualmies. This acquaintance grew into a strong friend- 
ship. As early as the fall of 1854 Pat Kanim gave Mr. Denny information 
of the growing dissatisfaction among the Indians east of the mountains toward 
the whiles, and he it was who in the spring of 1855 came to Mr. Denny, 
privately in the night, to warn him of the approaching danger. Shortly 
after this friendly act, and just before the Indian outbreak, the old chief 
stated to Mr. Denny that he was going up the Steilaguamish to hunt moun- 
tain sheep. How this friendship afterwards stood the Indian in good stead, 
I will relate in Mr. Denny's own language: 

' 'Immediately after the White River massacre, Lieutenant Slaughter 
was ordered up the old military road to the Naches Pass, and after reaching 
Porter's Prairie he sent down an express to Governor Mason, stating that 
Pat Kanim was dogging him at every step, and around bis camp every night. 
On receipt of this dispatch Mason sent a dispatch to Captain Sterrett, at 
Seattle, instructing him to immediately arrest two of Pat Kanim's brothers, 
with all members of the tribe, then camping in Seattle, and put them in irons. 
Having previously stated to Captain Sterrett that I bad received information 
from I 'at Kanim that convinced me of his friendship, and that of his tribe, 
the captain did not feel willing to take so important a step without con- 
sulting with me, and sent for me to come aboard the Decatur, when he stated 
what he was directed to do, and that he must make the arrest at once, for 
the Snoqualmies would certainly leave during the night. This was startling 
news to me, and I most earnestly protested, telling him that I knew Lieutenant 
Slaughter was mistaken, and that we had enemies enough to look after with- 
out attacking our friends: but he was so much disposed to act on Governor 
Mason's orders that I finally proposed if he would not disturb the Snoqualmies 
1 would be responsible for their good conduct, and would prove to him that 
Slaughter was wrong, by going to Pat Kanim's camp and bringing him in. 
He positively refused to allow me to leave town, but consented that I might 
send an express for Pat Kanim, and stand responsible for them until their 
return at a given time. 

' 'Very fortunately for me, and probably for Pat Kanim, too, be was on 
hand within the time agreed upon. He had his women and children with 
him, and also brought a cargo of mountain sheep, venison, horns and hides, 
specimens of which be took on board the Decatur, and presented to the 
captain, who expressed the greatest surprise, and satisfaction with the con- 
clusive proof which I had thus furnished of the good faith and friendship 
of the Snoqualmies, and 1 'at Kanim was soon after employed by the governor, 
with a number of his tribe, as scouts, and they did good service during the 
continuance of the war.' 

"Chief Seattle always considered Mr. Denny his friend and adviser, and, 
after the death of the old chief, Mr. Denny and two or three other pioneers, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 11 

erected a handsome monument over his grave, at the Old Man House reserva- 
tion, near Port Madison; and when the old chiefs daughter, Angeline, lie- 
came too feehle, on account of age, to earn her livelihood, Mr. Denny had a 
house erected for her on some of his vacant property, near the water front, 
where she spent her declining years in peace and comfort. 

"As with the Indians, so with the whites. They all respected his spirit 
of fairness, and placed great store by his judgment, and it was the custom 
in this community, before the days of courts and lawyers, to lay all disputes 
between parties before Mr. Denny, and from his judgment an appeal never 
was taken so far as I have been able to learn. 

"In the death of Mr. Denny, Seattle has lost one of her best and noblest — 
Peace to his ashes." 

By John Leary — a letter: 

"I regret that I am unavoidably prevented from being present at the 
meeting this afternoon at the Chamber of Commerce to be held in honor of 
Mr. Arthur A. Denny. 

"Mr. Denny was one of the first men I became acquainted with when 
I came to the territory of Washington, something more than thirty years ago. 

"A few years after I came here, Seattle became engaged in its first 
great fight, against the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, for existence. 
In that contest the leadership of Seattle people naturally fell to Mr. Denny. 
Under his direction, as president of the Seattle and Walla Walla Railroad 
Company, it was my fortune, then one-seventh owner in the company, to 
take an active part in building the old Seattle and Walla Walla Railroad, 
which became Seattle's first bulwark of defense in the long and bitter fight 
with the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. In this contest for Seattle, 
Mr. Denny took an active and leading part. His cool judgment and sound 
common sense were invaluable to the little town of Seattle of that day. From 
that time on, during my entire acquaintance with him, Mr. Denny could 
always be relied upon to bear his full share of the burdens in every move- 
ment and every contest for strengthening and building up the interests of 
Seattle. His views, however, went beyond the place of his home, and took 
in the entire territory of Washington, as it then was. He was always read) 
to aid and encourage every movement calculated to promote the interests of 
the territory at large. 

"In business Mr. Denny's judgment was always excellent. He was 
cautious and conservative — qualities more valuable in a niivf community, 
which is apt, unless restrained by wise and conservative counsel, to rush to 
extremes. 

"Mr. Denny endeared himself to all classes of people, both old settlers 
and new. by his kindness and uniform consideration." 

By Hon. C. H. Hanford, United States District Judge— a letter : 

"f regret being at this time so engaged that I cannot attend the memorial 
exercises in honor of the first citizen of Seattle, Hon. A. A. Denny. 

"We know that his life-work was done, and well done. Having lived 
beyond the period allotted to the lifetime of a man, his friends could not 
wish to detain him longer from the reward earned by a well spent life; still 
all must feel keenly the pain of parting. 



12 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

"For nearly half a century Mr. Denny has lived in Seattle, and during 
all of that time he has been a kind and considerate neighbor and a patriotic 
citizen. For the generosity and gentleness of his nature and the purity of 
his life, as well as for his courageous bearing and invaluable services as a 
leader in the pioneer period, every citizen must feel a desire to do him honor." 

By Mr. Thomas W. Prosch — Memorial. 

ARTHUR ARMSTRONG DENNY. 

"Seattle has lost one of its founders., its most revered citizen, and its 
whole people mourn in consequence. From its inception, now forty-seven 
years, this place has known and this people have loved Arthur A. Denny. 
When he crossed the continent, in 185 1, it was a trip requiring five months' 
time; involving constant peril from beginning to end; the placing of thou- 
sands of miles of uninhabited country between the old and the new home; 
the breaking up of family and business relations ; the expenditure of one's 
whole fortune, and the risk not only of one's own future but those also of 
wife and children. It meant more in money, in labor, in time, in deprivation, 
in suffering, in danger, and in all that tries the souls of men than it ever 
meant to cross the Atlantic two hundred or three hundred years ago, and 
settle in Massachusetts, New York or Virginia. It took brave men, heroes, 
to make the trip, and one of these was Mr. Denny. 

"Seattle owes much to A. A. Denny. He was one of the men who located 
the town, and one also of the men who gave it its name. He was one of its 
first house-builders, first producers, first merchants, first mill men, first steam- 
boat men, first railroad men, first bankers, and first citizens in all that consti- 
tutes good citizenship. He was useful to all about him, was discerning, 
generous, broad-minded, enterprising, public-spirited, reliable and true. At 
home, in his business, in society, in the church, in politics, everywhere, he 
was the same. The people about him soon knew him and trusted him. They 
sent him to the legislature nine successive terms ; they used him in city and 
county affairs ; he went to Congress for them ; they relied upon him in a 
thousand emergencies, and he never failed them. 

"When a representative citizen was wanted to present the people's cause; 
when in time of war a leader was needed; when a university was to be in- 
augurated ; when a railroad enterprise was to be started, Mr. Denny was at 
once the thought of the people, and upon their call modestly took the place 
by common consent assigned to him, and gave his time, his talents, his lands 
and his money in aid of the popular cause. 

"Mr. Denny's benevolent, kind, broad nature made him the friend, the 
defender and the supporter of the Indian, the poor man, the child, the weak 
and the helpless. His encouraging word was ever given to them, his strong 
hand outstretched to them. What he did in these ways was done unostenta- 
tiously, and never known except as told by others. 

"The Seattle Chamber of Commerce joins in the common grief at the 
loss the city has sustained. It rejoices, however, in the lives and the deeds 
of good men, and it is pleased in this instance and in this manner to bear 
testimony to one of them, the peer of any, the late Arthur A. Denny." 

Upon motion of Major James R. Hayden, the memorial was adopted 
as the sentiment of the chamber. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 13 

Upon motion of Mr. Griffith Davies, the memorial was ordered placed 
upon the record and a copy sent to the bereaved family. 

THE REV. J. P. DERWENT LLOYD. 

The Rev. John Plummer Derwent Lloyd, rector of St. Mark's church, 
Seattle, was born in Manchester, England, on the /th of June, 1861, his 
parents, the Rev. Thomas and Emma (Plummer) Lloyd, being descendants 
of old Welsh and Yorkshire families of high standing. Part of the early 
boyhood of their eldest son was spent with his grandparents upon the Der- 
went estate in Derbyshire. At the age of ten he entered the Royal Lan- 
casterian Grammar School of Manchester, one of the famous English pre- 
paratory schools. For three years he enjoyed the advantage of instruction 
in this school until, in 1874, the family removed to the Dominion of Canada. 
There his father, the Rev. Dr. Lloyd, took up work as rector of St. James' 
church, Gravenhurst, Ontario. After several years spent at Gravenhurst he 
became incumbent of the parish of Huntsville, Ontario, where the remainder 
of his life was passed. In 1890 Dr. Lloyd was appointed archdeacon of the 
diocese of Algoma, which arduous office he held up to the time of his death, 
July 25, 1903. 

For the four years immediately following the removal of the family to 
Canada, Mr. Lloyd's education was continued under the tutorship of the 
Rev. Joseph S. Cole, B. A. This was succeeded by three years of teaching 
in the schools of Ontario and nearly an equal period of mercantile life in 
Toronto. The best traditions and culture of the old world were thus united 
in his training with the vigor, activity and enterprise of the new. 

In 18S3 Mr. Lloyd began definite preparation for the work of the min- 
istry by entering the theological school of Montreal, pursuing the divinity 
course there for one year. A second year of study and parochial work was 
passed with the Rev. W. S. Rainsford, D. D., in St. George's parish, 
New York. 

In 1884 Mr. Lloyd was ordained to the deaconate and in 1885 to the 
priesthood by the Rt. Rev. D. B. Knickerbocker, D. D., bishop of Indiana. 
After two years' ministerial work in that state and in Wisconsin Mr. Lloyd 
was called to the rectorship of St. Paul's church, Riverside, a suburb of 
Chicago, where he remained for three years. The succeeding eight years 
were spent in Omaha, Nebraska, as rector of the Church of the Good 
Shepherd. From Omaha he came to Seattle in September, 1897. 

Of Mr. Lloyd's work as rector of St. Mark's church, Seattle, it is dif- 
ficult to speak with adequate appreciation. During his rectorate a marked 
advance has been made along all lines of church activity. St. Mark's church 
has been enlarged and beautified, a magnificent organ has been purchased, 
additional land has been acquired, and a handsome and commodious rectory 
has been built at a cost of six thousand two hundred dollars. The value of 
the church property has thus increased in six years from fifteen thousand 
dollars to sixty thousand dollars, the present valuation being a very con 
servative estimate. 

But it is upon the intellectual and spiritual sides of their rector's work 
that his people love most to dwell. An ever-increasing ripeness and richness 
of scholarship, a personality of great strength and attractiveness, a high 



14 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

appreciation and love of the beautiful in nature and art, a rare power of in- 
spiration toward that which is noble in life, and, as the groundwork of all, 
a deep personal consecration to the work of his calling — all these combine 
to render Mr. Lloyd's influence one of the broadest and most effective forces 
in the higher life of Seattle. 

The services of St. Mark's church are characterized by a simple im- 
pressiveness and beauty of ritual as far removed from bareness on the one 
hand as from unmeaning complexity of form on the other. The rector's 
aim has been to make the services most fully express the thought of worship 
and spiritual aspiration. The success of Mr. Lloyd's work is in a measure 
attested by the growth in church membership during the past six years, the 
communicant list having increased in that time from five hundred to one 
thousand. St. Mark's thus becomes the leading Episcopal church on the 
Pacific coast. 

Not only is Mr. Lloyd a preacher of force and persuasiveness, but his 
services as lecturer and speaker upon varied occasions are frequently sought. 
Many of the beneficial public movements of Seattle feel the touch and in- 
spiration of his personality. As a member of the board of trustees of the 
Public Library and chairman of the building committee of the new library, 
Mr. Lloyd has a guiding hand in the intellectual life of the city. He is a 
director and has twice been elected president of the Charity Organization 
Society. He is also interested in several fraternal orders, being a member of 
the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, the Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
the Elks and the Odd Fellows. 

On December 28, 1886, Mr. Lloyd was married to Miss Mary Emilie 
Thomas, a native of Brantford, Ontario, and a daughter of William H. and 
Adeline (Kissam) Thomas, representatives of old Knickerbocker families. 
Their five children are Gwendolyn Derwent, Thomas Derwent, Adeline Der- 
went, Charlewood Derwent and Margaret Derwent. 

CAPTAIN CALEB S. REINHART. 

Washington has been a state of the Union only thirteen years, and it 
was only a short time ago that paths were made through its dense forests 
and the country freed from the dangers of Indians and wild beasts, and 
there are few men of middle age who have the honor to have been born in 
this state. It is now our pleasure to speak of one of the prominent citizens 
of Olympia, Washington, one who was born in Olympia on the 5th of April, 
1856. The German ancestors of Mr. Reinhart settled in this country about 
the year 1700. His father was Stephen D. Reinhart, and was born in Ken- 
tucky and reared and educated in the state of Indiana. He learned the trade 
of a millwright, and was married in Indiana to Miss Sarah Cock. In 1852, 
with an ox-team, they started out across the plains toward Oregon. The 
journey was long and arduous and they experienced many hardships and 
dangers. The teams gave out on the road, and they were obliged to double 
up with fellow-travelers. Later they had some more trouble, and finally 
Mr. Reinhart cut his wagon in two parts, and, putting the tongue to the 
hind wheels offered his partner his choice of the two conveyances. With 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 15 

this kind of makeshift they finally reached The Dalles, where he built a 
raft and loaded his teams and family thereon. They reached the Cascades 
safely and then found themselves out of money and provisions. He there 
secured employment in loading a small sloop, which he successfully accom- 
plished, although he had had no previous experience in that kind of work. 
On this vessel he proceeded down the river to Portland, and, continuing his 
journey, reached Mound Prairie, Thurston county, Washington. This 
country was then covered with dense forests, and very few white people were 
living in the country, but many Indians. He started a little home and made 
what improvements he could on his property, but was obliged to abandon it 
at the Indian war of 1855-6. After the war he completed his home and 
worked at the carpenter's trade in Olympia, also building mills and other 
mechanical work and running a sawmill. In 1862, on account of the poor 
health of his wife, he removed to Grandronde, Oregon, remaining there for 
four years and engaging in farming and also in the mercantile line. As 
his wife did not recover her health he took her to Napa, California, where 
he secured employment as a bridge-builder on the Southern Pacific Railroad. 
His wife there died, and he then returned to Oregon and was appointed car- 
penter at the Grandronde Indian reservation, and also served as temporary 
Indian agent. In 1872 lie removed to Whatcom county, Washington, and 
entered one hundred and sixty acres of land, continuing to reside there the 
balance of his life and making it one of the finest improved farms in the 
county. He possessed excellent judgment in business and served as justice 
of the peace for a number of years, and was also a member of the territorial 
senate for two sessions, there using his influence to advance the interests of 
the county of his choice. In politics he had been a Democrat until the Civil 
war and then became an ardent Republican until quite late in life, when, on 
account of his advanced views in regard to tenure of office, he became in- 
dependent in his political views. He died in January, 1901. He had 
brought with him while crossing the plains his young wife and their first 
child, William, who died at sea when twenty-three years of age. Later four 
children were born to them on the coast. 

Captain Reinhart received his education in the San Jose Institute and 
Commercial College, and in the Willamette University at Salem, Oregon. 
At the age of fifteen he began earning his own living by clerking in a store 
in Salem ; later learned typesetting in the Pugct Sound Currier, and followed 
the occupation of a printer in a number of offices, among them the Oregon 
Statesman. Finally he was in the office of the surveyor general, and in 
1879 he engaged in the saddle and harness business with Mr. Downer, first 
at Stay ton. then in East Portland, Oregon, and later in Goldendale, Wash- 
ington, but in 1884 he sold his interest in that business and purchased a 
share in the Klickatat Sentinel. It was then consolidated with the Golden- 
dale Gazette, and continued under the latter name, with Judge R. O. Dunbar 
as editor and Mr. Reinhart as foreman of the pressroom. In the following 
year Judge Dunbar resigned, and Captain Reinhart was elected editor and 
manager, continuing in that capacity until March 4. 1S91, at which time he 
received the appointment of clerk of the supreme court. He then removed 
his family to Olympia, where he has since continued to reside, taking a 



1G HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

prominent part in the affairs pertaining to the welfare of the city in which 
he was born. Immediately upon being appointed clerk of the supreme court, 
Captain Reinhart commenced the study of the law under the instruction of 
Mr. James A. Haight, assistant attorney general, and in 1895 was examined 
and admitted to the bar by the supreme court and, while he has never entered 
into the general practice of law, he has been a member of the committee and 
has assisted in examining every attorney who has been examined touching 
his qualifications for admission in the state since the May term, 1897. He 
has served three terms as mayor of Olympia, and was also elected a member 
of the territorial legislature, but before it convened the territory was ad- 
mitted as a state in 1889. In 1885 Mr. Reinhart assisted in the organization 
of Company B of the Second National Guards of Washington. He was 
first appointed sergeant, next commissioned lieutenant and soon afterward 
captain, in which capacity he served for four years. Then, at Olympia, in 
December, 1891, Company A of the First National Guards of Washington 
was formed, and Captain Reinhart was made its captain at once. While 
in this position he organized the company and made it one of the best in the 
state. At the present time he is filling the important office of supreme 
court clerk, and is giving excellent satisfaction. He is also president of the 
Olympia National Bank and owns considerable property interests in Thurs- 
ton and other counties of the state. 

His marriage occurred in 1877, his wife being Clara Downer, a native 
of Oregon and a daughter of J. W. Downer, who was a pioneer of 1847. 
This union has been blessed with six children: William W., who is now in 
the First National Bank of Pendleton; Anna, lone, Eva Ruth, Carroll B. 
and Helen Lucile. Mr. Reinhart is a valued member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity and of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, taking an active part 
in both these organizations. His wife is a member of the Christian church, 
and the whole family are highly esteemed and respected in the city in which 
he has served so faithfully in different offices. 

HON. STANTON WARBURTON. 

James A. Warburton, who was born in England, came to this country 
with his parents when he was but three years old. The family settled in 
Pennsylvania in 1833 and remained there until 1869, when they came to 
Cherokee county, Iowa, where James still makes his home, being one of the 
substantial farmers of that place. The lady who became his wife, Sarah 
Bedford, was also of English birth, and is still living. 

There were tw-elve children in the family of these worthy people, and 
the son Stanton was born in Sullivan county, Pennsylvania, in April, 1865. 
Being four years of age at the time of the removal of his father to Iowa, his 
boyhood was spent in that state, where he alternately attended the district 
school and worked <>n the farm until he was sixteen years old. There was a 
constant and inherent desire within him to gain a good education and place 
himself on an equal plane of opportunity with other men, so at this age he 
entered (he high school and paid his expenses by outside work, and did the 
same at Coe College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, where he was graduated in June, 




oJk^-^L/^^^w^ 



THE NEW- YORK 
PUBUC. LIBRARY 



ASTOR. LENOX AND 
JT1LDEN FOUNDATIONS! 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 17 

1888. In addition to all the labor required to carry through this undertaking 
successfully he had found time to read law for about a year and a half, and 
when, August, 1888, he came to Tacoma, he at once continued his study in 
the office of Judson, Sharpstein and Sullivan. His energetic efforts gained 
him admission to the bar in May, 1889, and since that time he has advanced 
into the front rank of the practicing attorneys of the city and county. 

Mr. Warburton is secretary and general attorney for the Tacoma Indus- 
trial Company, a concern which has been recently organized for the purpose 
of developing electricity from the immense water power which annually goes 
to waste, thus increasing the industrial and manufacturing facilities of Ta- 
coma. Mr. Warburton has taken a leading part in Republican politics, and 
in 1896 was elected to the state senate for a term of four years, and in 1900 
was re-elected for the same length of time. He has been on the judiciary 
committee since he took his seat in that body, and during the last session 
was its chairman ; he has also served on labor statistics and other committees. 
His law office is at 310 Fidelity building. This brief biography is sufficient 
to indicate that Mr. Warburton is a broad-minded man, and has become in- 
fluential in politics, business and the law. In October, 1890, he was married 
at Garner, Iowa, to Miss Iris Brockway, and. they have three children, whose 
names are Leota, Maud and Stanton. Jr. 

ALVIN B. SCOTT. 

Alvin B. Scott, who is connected with the real estate and loan business 
in Tacoma, was born in Penobscot county, Maine, in 1847, being a son of 
Luther M. and Caroline (Smith) Scott. The father, who is also a 
native of the old Pine Tree state, was of Scotch descent and a member of 
an old New England family who traced their ancestry back to the Revolu- 
tionary war. Mr. Scott was a farmer and lumberman by occupation, and 
in 1883 he made his way to Minnesota, locating near the city of Duluth. 
where he lived practically retired from the active cares of a business life until 
he was summoned into eternal rest, his death occurring in 1899. His 
widow, who also claims Maine as the state of her nativity, is still living in 
Minnesota. This worthy couple had four sons who loyally aided their 
country during the Civil war, three serving as members of the First Maine 
Heavy Artillery, as follows: John B., who was called upon to lay down his 
life on the altar of his country, having been killed in the charge at Peters- 
burg in June, 1864; David S., who a member of the Sixteenth Maine Infan- 
try, and was two or three times wounded in battle; William W., who had 
his hand shot away in the last battle in which his regiment took part ; and 
Henry H, who was wounded in the side at Petersburg. These brave sol- 
dier boys nobly proved their loyalty to the stars and stripes. Another son, 
Franklin P. Scott, makes his home at Snohomish. Washington, being one of 
the early pioneers of the Puget Sound country. 

Alvin B. Scott was reared on the parental farm and after receiving his ' 
education engaged in the lumber industry during the winter months, as 
was then the custom generally of the agriculturists of that section. About 
the year 1866 he made his way to Michigan, where for about a year he was 



18 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

engaged in the lumber business, returning thence to Maine and resuming the 
same occupation. He was also connected with lumber manufacturing con- 
cerns at Lewiston and Waterville, that state, and in the former city, in 1873, 
he was united in marriage with Miss Urania Babcock, a native of Maine, 
and after a residence of about three years in Waterville Mr. and Mrs. Scott 
decided to seek a home in the west, accordingly taking up their abode in the 
Red River valley in Minnesota. This was during the year 1878 and about 
the time of the first rush of settlers into that section, and from that year 
until 1883 Mr. Scott was engaged in farming and the retail lumber trade at 
Fisher, Minnesota. The latter year witnessed his arrival in Tacoma, Wash- 
ington, where for a time he was engaged in the same occupation, but as the 
business interests assumed a brighter aspect he readily discerned a good 
opening for real estate transactions. Therefore, since 1888 he has been en- 
gaged in real estate and loans, his office being located at 306 California 
building. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Scott has been brightened and blessed by 
the presence of two children, Ernest L. and Bessie G. The elder, Ernest 
L. Scott, graduated in the Tacoma high school in 1894 and in the Tacoma 
Business College in 1897, in which year he was appointed a clerk in the 
postoffice, and he seived in nearly all the departments connected with the 
office. In 1900 he was made a deputy under United States Marshal C. W. 
Ide, and in August, 1902, was appointed private secretary for that gentle- 
man, who is now government collector of customs at Port Townsend. 



s^ 



LAWSON A. NICHOLSON. 

Opportunity for advancement is never denied the business man. In 
political and military circles only certain prizes can be won, and few there 
are who can gain these, but in the field of industrial, commercial or profes- 
sional activity opportunity is almost limitless. There is always room at the 
top, and it is toward that place that Lawson A. Nicholson has been steadily 
advancing until he now occupies a very creditable and enviable position in 
the ranks of the civil engineers of the northwest. Fie is the senior member 
of the firm of Nicholson & Bullard, of Tacoma, and is widely known for 
his ability. 

Born in Stockton, California, in 1866, Mr. Nicholson is a son of the 
Rev. Albert S. and Mary (Warner) Nicholson, the former an Episcopalian 
clergyman who was born in Pennsylvania and in 1862 crossed the plains to 
California. He accepted an important charge in Stockton, where he re- 
mained until 1868, when he removed to Vancouver, Washington, building 
there a church and parish which will long remain a monument to his faithful 
work. In later life he removed to Tacoma, where he died in 1893, but his 
memory is still enshrined in the hearts of many who knew him. His widow, 
who was born in Michigan, is still living near Tacoma. 

Lawson A. Nicholson obtained a broad and thorough education under 
private tutors, and it was in this way and by private study that he fitted 
himself for the work. A native of the Pacific coast and a factor in the up- 
building of a new commonwealth, his youth was spent where there were no 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 19 

advantages of technical training such as abound to-day, but he took up the 
study and mastered the great scientific principles, to which he added knowl- 
edge gained through practical experience. He began the practice of his 
profession in Tacoma, where he has since remaind with the exception of two 
years spent in Everett. In that time he has done much important work. He 
was engineer for the state harbor line commission and surveyed the harbors 
of Sidney, Marysville and Snohomish; was city- engineer of Everett for one 
term, and had charge of some important work for Rucker Brothers of that 
city. He does a general engineering business, necessarily covering a wide 
range, although his time of late years has been more exclusively devoted to 
street railroad construction. 

In 1892 Mr. Nicholson was united in marriage to Mrs. Elizabeth Mar- 
tin James, and they have two children, Harold and Charles, while there is 
also a stepson, Morton, who is a member of Mr. Nicholson's household. 
Mr. Nicholson is a member of the Pacific Northwest Society of Engineers. 
His offices are located at Nos. 506-507 Fidelity building. His long resi- 
dence in the state adds a comprehensive knowledge of the country to his 
other acquirements, and he enjoys the confidence and patronage of a large 
clientele. Flis advancement has been worthily won and his success is 
richly merited. 

HON. CALVIN S. BARLOW. 

To the adventurous voyager as he sailed his bark in the early part of 
the seventeenth century along the eastern shore of the Atlantic, the country 
looked uninviting enough, and the hostile wilderness stretched out before 
him so that even the most imaginative could hardly foresee the day when 
they would become cleared away for civilization's haunts. And two hun- 
dred years later the traveler coasting along the western borders on the shore 
of the Pacific would have seen the same dense and primeval wilderness con- 
fronting him, and only by revelation would he have seen the wonderful 
transformation that has been wrought in a century. But the course of em- 
pire has swept from east to west and made this a land of milk and honey 
from ocean to ocean. It is an interesting fact that the Barlow family has 
been closely identified with this progress and development of three cen- 
turies, and its representative whose life history is given here had the fortune 
to be born in this unsettled region of the west, just as some of his ancestors 
were born in the east when civilization was struggling to gain a foot- 
hold there. 

The original progenitor of this family was the Rev. William Barlow, 
who was a clergyman of distinction in England, also a philosopher, and was 
famed as the inventor of the hanging compass, which he perfected in 1601. 
His son George was also a minister, and was one of the early emigrants 
from England to America. He located at Exeter, Massachusetts, in 1639. 
He preached for a while, but. as in many other cases, freedom of belief was 
frowned upon, and he was forbidden to promulgate his doctrines by the gen- 
eral court of the colony. He then moved to Plymouth, where he carried 
on the practice of law. George Barlow's grandson. Aaron, has been known 
to posterity as one of the founders of Rochester, Massachusetts, in 1684, 



20 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

and in 1701 was a representative or deputy to the general court at Plymouth. 
Samuel, the son of Aaron, was a soldier in the French and Indian wars. 
His brother Aaron was one of a committee chosen by the town of Rochester 
to suppress intemperance, and was a member of Captain Hammond's com- 
pany in the Rhode Island alarm of 1776, and in the following year he joined 
Captain John Granger's company and was in the campaign along the 
Hudson. Samuel was also a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and when it 
closed removed to what later became known as Monteville, in Montgomery 
county, New York. 

George, the son of Samuel, was born in Montgomery county, New 
York, in 1S08. The Erie canal was the scene of his activity in his youth, 
and he became the captain of one of the boats that plied on that important 
highway of commerce. From there he made his way to Michigan, where 
he was employed at the carpenter's trade. In 1852 he gathered together 
some of his portable property, and with a wagon and an ox-team set out for 
Oregon, but it was six months before his eyes were gladdened with the sight 
of the beautiful valleys of that territory. In 1854 he moved over into 
Washington and settled on a farm in Cowlitz county, situated on the Co- 
lumbia river two miles below Mount Coffin. He spent the remainder of his 
life here, and in 1887. while on a visit to Portland, died suddenly as he was 
sitting in his chair. He was married in 1833 to Mary Ann Purdy, who died 
in Cowlitz county in 1864. 

Calvin S. Barlow was the son of George Barlow, and he has the dis- 
tinction of being born in Cowlitz county, Washington, as long ago as 1856, 
a very early date for the states of the west. Flis early life was spent on a 
farm. He was ambitious and eager to gain an education, and for five years 
engaged in the great industry of the Columbia river, salmon fishing, in 
order to pay his way through college ; in this way he was able to attend the 
Pacific University at Forest Grove, Oregon, one of the first colleges in that 
state. He finished his schooling at the age of twenty-one, and in 1877 went 
to Tacoma, then a small village, where he was in the butcher business for 
three years. He had some innate faculties as a man of business, and so 
much confidence had he gained by this time that he ventured to establish 
the Tacoma Trading Company, of which he is now the president and his 
son George the secretary. This is now one of the large firms of the city, 
and is the oldest and largest house of its kind; the company deals in build- 
ing material, sewer pipe, coal, etc., and it has probably supplied three-fourths 
of all the lime used in the buildings now standing in Tacoma. Mr. Barlow 
is also interested in some large holdings of real estate, and mining and other 
business enterprises. 

Mr. Barlow is one of the charter members and a trustee of the Chamber 
of Commerce of the city. He is popular in the community, and was one of 
the few Republicans who were successful candidates in the Populistic year 
of 1897, being elected to the state legislature. He was married in 1S81 to 
Miss Hertilla M. Burr, who lived on an adjoining farm in Cowlitz county. 
They are the parents of six children: George C. Allan B., Calvin R., Doug- 
las L., Hertilla and Mildred, lie and his wife are members of the First 
Methodist church, and he is one of the trustees. Their home is at 222 
St. Helens avenue. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 21 

JOHN W. BERRY. 

This sketch is concerned with a very successful citizen of Tacoma, one 
who has followed a trade for many years, and at the same time his genius 
for mechanical invention has enabled him to give to the world a device 
which will increase the present wonderful effectiveness of much labor-saving 
machinery. The parents of John W. Berry were Preston A. and Martha 
Jane (Harris) Berry. The former was born at Greenfield, Illinois, and in 
the early days located on a farm near Jacksonville, in Morgan county. Illinois. 
He afterward moved into Jacksonville and did a large business in buying 
and selling live-stock of all kinds. He was also one of the argonauts of 
the early fifties, crossing the plains to California with an ox-team, and he 
made considerable money by locating, and then selling, gold claims. He 
made another trip in 1862, and the last years of his life were spent in Tacoma 
with his son, where he died in 1889. His wife, who was born and reared 
in Morgan county, Illinois, and was of one of the old families there, is now 
sixty-nine years old and is living with her son John. 

John W. Berry was born near Jacksonville, Morgan county, Illinois, in 
1857, and until he was fourteen years old remained on the farm and went to 
school. At that age he determined to learn a trade, and accordingly went 
into a grist mill in Jacksonville, where he w r orked for seven years, and 
learned all the ins and outs. of the business. He then took a position in a 
mill in Marion, Williamson county, Illinois, but remained there only a year, 
during which time the special incident worth noting was that he was con- 
verted in a revival at the Methodist church, and has been active in religious 
work ever since. Montezuma, Indiana, was the next home of Mr. Berry, 
where he was employed as a miller until he was twenty-six years old, and 
he then bought out the mill and began business for himself. In 1887 he sold 
out and came to Tacoma with the intention of following the same line of 
enterprise here. But just at this time there was a building boom on, and 
he was diverted from his original plan, and for the following year and a 
half was engaged in brick-making; he made the brick for the first four-story 
brick building in Tacoma, the Northern Pacific headquarters, and this is 
still one of the best structures in the city. Then for six months he and his 
father dealt in horses, at the end of which time the opportunity seemed to 
be at hand for embarking in his original enterprise. He organized the Cas- 
cade Oatmeal Company, which later became the Cascade Cereal Company, 
and built the first oat and cereal mill in the west. This mill was erected on 
Jefferson avenue, between Twenty-third and Twenty-fifth streets, and is 
still standing, although the plant has been greatly improved and added to 
from time to time. It has been equipped as a high-grade flour mill, and 
the very best of rolled oats, cereals and flours are now manufactured. Mr. 
Berry did not have an unbroken course of prosperity, for in the panic of 
1893 he lost the mill, but after four years of hard work he regained his 
former interest in the company, and has since been its manager; in this 
connection it should be mentioned that when the plant was established it 
did a business of two thousand dollars a month, which has since been in- 
creased to thirty-five thousand dollars a month. 



22 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Mr. Berry, as has been said, has a knack for mechanical invention, and 
in his work with mill machinery he invented an automatic self-tightening 
split-wood pulley, with safety set collar. To manufacture this he organized 
in 1901 the Deming-Berry Company, and installed a plant on Jefferson 
avenue adjoining the Cascade mill. There were but two regular employes 
at first, but now it requires fifty to fill the orders, and this phenomenal in- 
crease has led to the forming of plans for the erection of a large plant for 
the manufacture of this valuable mechanical device. The plant is to be 
located on Center street, and is to consist of a two-story brick factory, ware- 
house and a brick dry-kiln, and the power will be furnished by electricity, 
developed from two boilers to the amount of two hundred horsepower. Very 
little new machinery will be needed, as the former plant is well equipped 
with a forge and all machinery necessary. This important addition to Ta- 
coma's industrial plants will be in operation before the end of the year, and 
there is no doubt that the gentlemen who are at the head of the concern will 
reap rich profits. The company has the following officers : Charles K. 
Harley, of San Francisco, president and general manager; John W. Berry, 
vice president and treasurer; Edward C. Grant, secretary; and the board of 
directors consists of Charles K. Harley, J. D. Deming, Jr., E. T. Messenger, 
of the Hunt-Mottet Hardware Company, John W. Berry and Edward 
C. Grant. 

Mr. Berry was married at Jacksonville, Illinois, in November, 1879, 
to Miss Lillian M. Ball, of that city; they have four children living: Preston 
A., aged eighteen, who is the bookkeeper for the Cascade Cereal Company; 
Grace McCune Berry, aged ten; John W., who is five; and Harry B., three 
years old. Mr. Berry's interest in religion has already been mentioned, and 
he has a liking for the old-fashioned Methodism. He is a member of the 
Epworth Methodist Episcopal church in Tacoma, has been a member of 
the official board ever since it was organized, and for seven years was super- 
intendent of the Sunday school, at present being a teacher of a class of 
twenty-five young ladies. Fraternally Mr. Berry is an Odd Fellow and a 
Forester. 

AARON R. TITLOW. 

Aaron Titlow was born in the early part of the last century in the state 
of Pennsylvania, and was a descendant from a family of Dutch who had 
been among the first settlers of that wonderfully cosmopolitan state. When 
he was a young man he removed into Ohio, but in 1859 came on farther 
west and located in Delphi, Indiana, where he is still living, at the age of 
seventy-four. During his vigorous manhood he followed farming, and even 
now continues his business activity by engaging in selling ice. The maiden 
name of his wife was Jane Casad, a lady born in Ohio, but of English de- 
scent ; she is still living. 

These worthy people had a farm near Dayton, Ohio, and it was on this 
place that Aaron R. Titlow was born on November 22, 1857. He spent 
only two years on this farm before bis parents went to Indiana, where he 
grew up as a farm lad and during the school season went back and forth 
to the Delphi public school. He early conceived the notion of becoming a 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 23 

lawyer, and he gained his first knowledge of Blackstone at Delphi, but later 
entered the law department of Washington University at St. Louis, one of 
the foremost law schools of the country. He had the advantage of instruc- 
tion from some of the most distinguished lawyers, the dean of the university 
at that time being William G. Hammond, a noted attorney and a man of 
remarkable scholarship. After his graduation in 1885 Mr. Titlow returned 
to Delphi, where he was at once admitted to the bar. He was now amply 
prepared for his profession, and the question was where he should first launch 
his legal career. There seemed to be great possibilities in the south, and 
he made Chattanooga his goal. But, like many aspiring young men who 
have since risen to a place of eminence, he was short of the sine qua non. 
and was compelled to borrow sixty dollars to keep him going until he should 
do some business. He was admitted to practice in Chattanooga in 1886 
and remained there eighteen months, first as a member of the firm of Titlow 
and Walker, later of Russell, Titlow and Daniels. He had gained a fair 
start there, but about this time Washington territory seemed to bid fair to 
soon become a state, and the inducements to a man of restless energy and 
enterprise seemed better there than in the more developed regions, so in 
1888 he came to Tacoma. He has had no occasion to regret this move, for 
he has been very successful not only in the practice of his profession but in 
business. In 1S96 he was elected on the Democratic ticket to the office of 
prosecuting attorney and served a term of two years, with entire satisfac- 
tion to his constituents. When he first came to Tacoma he invested heavily 
in real estate, and this has now become very valuable, so that he is in "easy" 
circumstances. He owns about three hundred town lots, also three farms in 
Pierce county. 

Mr. Titlow has his office at 202-203-204 National Bank of Commerce 
building. On April 26, 1893, he was married at Dayton, Ohio, to Miss 
Stella Smart, and three beautiful daughters have come into their home. 
The eldest is lone Marguerite, and then come Constance Clara and Mar- 
celle Isabelle. 

REUBEN F. LAFFOON. 

Reuben F. Laffoon, whose law office is located at No. 303 Chamber of 
Commerce building, in Tacoma, and who has gained prestige as a member 
of the Pierce county bar, was born in Claiborne county, Tennessee, in Marcb, 
1854, his parents being Drewry and Minerva (Stone) Laffoon, the former 
a native of North Carolina and the latter of Tennessee. When a young 
man the father left his native state and removed to east Tennessee, living 
in Claiborne county, where he followed farming for .a number of years. In 
the fall of 1859 the family removed to Cass county, on the western border 
of Missouri, making the trip by wagon, and there the father purchased a 
farm. During the fierce and bitter border warfare that took place in that 
region prior to and during the Civil war, the family suffered many hardships. 
Mrs. Laffoon furnished food to all the soldiers, both Union and Confederate, 
who sought aid at their house, which was situated upon a much-traveled 
public road, and on account of this liberality the family larder was finally 



24 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

reduced to one article of food, wheat bran. When the troubles and dangers 
became too great to be longer borne, the family went north, settling at 
Nebraska City, Nebraska, where they remained until they could return in 
safety to Missouri. On again going to Cass county they found that the 
farm had been utterly despoiled and burned over. Mr. and Mrs. Lafroon, 
being southern people, had sympathized with the Confederate cause, al- 
though both of them had several brothers in the Union army. They are 
still living upon the old Cass county farm, which they purchased in 1859, 
and are now well-to-do people. 

In the schools near his home Reuben F. Laffoon acquired his early lit- 
erary education, which he completed in the Southwest Missouri State Normal 
School at Warrensburg. At the age of nineteen years he left home and 
became a pioneer in western Kansas, then a frontier region. For several 
years he taught school in both Missouri and Kansas and read law in the 
meantime. He traveled extensively all over the western and southwestern 
country, including Texas and Colorado, having a liking for western pio- 
neer life. 

When he had mastered the principles of jurisprudence demanded for 
law practice, Mr. Laffoon was admitted to the bar at Coldwater, Kansas, 
in 1886, and, after practicing there for a few months, came to Tacoma in 
1887. During his first year"s residence here he engaged in the real estate 
business, and then resumed the active practice of law, in which he has been 
engaged ever since, with the exception of nearly three years, which he spent 
in the mining business in Nevada. He takes considerable interest in mining 
and is financially connected with some mining companies, both in Washing- 
ton and Alaska. In his law practice he is making somewhat of a specialty 
of mining law, for which he has thoroughly equipped himself, his practical 
as well as theoretical knowledge being such as to make him unusually com- 
petent in that branch. Mr. Laffoon is devoted to his profession, devotes 
deep study and careful research to every point coming up in connection with 
his practice, and is a successful and well trained lawyer, whose devotion to 
his clients' interest is proverbial. 

In 1880, in Missouri, Mr. Laffoon married Miss Emma Pearman, and 
they have two daughters, Agnes and Emma, and their home is at 3522 
South Eighth street. Owing his advancement to no outside aid or influence, 
but to the development and application of his inherent qualities and talents, 
he has steadily worked his way upward, and is now classed among the 
prominent lawyers of his adopted city. 

JOHN L. McMURRAY. 

The name of John L. McMurray is inscribed on the pages of Wash- 
ington's history in connection with the records of her jurisprudence. In ad- 
dition to the duties connected with his legal practice he is also serving as the 
president of the Washington Power Company, of Tacoma, as well as di- 
rector in several other financial and industrial companies. He was born in 
Wood county, Ohio, January 10, 1862, and is a son of James W. and Jane 
(Leathers) McMurray. On the paternal side he is of Scotch-Irish descent, 




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THE Nrw Y 'V 
PUBLIC LIBRA*/ 



XSTOR. LENOX AND 
TLLDEN FOUNDATIONS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 25 

his ancestors having come from the north of Ireland, while maternally he is 
of New England ancestry. James W. McMurray, the father, was born in 
Ohio, and was noted as being a very fine mechanic, while he was also a land 
proprietor. During the Civil war he enlisted for a three months' service, 
and owing to physical disabilities was discharged on the expiration of that 
period. One of his brothers was called upon to lay down his life on the 
altar of his country during that memorable struggle, having been starved to 
death in Andersonville prison, while his brother-in-law, John Leathers, was 
killed in battle during the war of the rebellion. A second cousin of our 
subject died of wounds therein received, and three or four other members of 
this patriotic family nobly served their country in its hour of need, but came 
out of the war unscathed. After the close of the struggle James W. Mc- 
Murray removed with his family to Allen county, Indiana, where in 1868 
he was murdered by robbers who waylaid him one night on his way home 
from Fort Wayne. After his death the family returned to Ohio, and there 
the mother's death occurred in 1872.. 

John L. McMurray was the eldes.t .of his parents' five children, four sons 
and one daughter, and was but six' years old at the time of his father's death. 
At a very early age he began work on his uncle's farm near Van Buren, Han- 
cock county, Ohio, with whom he remained tor thirteen years, during which 
time he worked incessantly to procure an education, attending district school 
three months each winter. When but fifteen years of age he was granted a 
teacher's certificate, following the occupation of teaching during the winter 
months, while during the summer seasons he worked at farm labor, and 
during this time he also attended school to some extent in Findlay, Ohio. 
Desiring to prepare for college, at the age of eighteen he matriculated in the 
Phillip Exeter Academy, at Exeter, New Hampshire, where he spent two 
and a half years, during which time he not only received a thorough pre- 
paratory education, but in addition had the advantage of holding the position 
of private secretary to the academy's president, Professor Walter Quincy 
Scott, a man of brilliant scholarly attainments. In discharging the duties 
connected with that position it was Mr. McMurray's privilege to become ac- 
quainted with and to come in close personal relations with some of the most 
distinguished scholars and educators in this country, among them being Presi- 
dent Eliot, of Harvard; Porter, of Yale; McCosh, of Princeton; C.ilman, 
of the Johns Hopkins; Edward Everett Hale and Bishop Phillips Brooks. 
At Exeter he made a special study of mathematics under Professor George 
A. Wentworth, the well known author of mathematical text-books. After 
this experience he returned to Columbus, Ohio, and studied at the State Uni- 
versity there for the following two and a half years, pursuing physics under 
Thomas C. Mendenhall, Ph. D., and chemistry under Percy D. Norton, 
Sc. D., noted educators and authors of text-books in their respective branches. 
During this time Mr. McMurray had also studied law privately to some 
extent, and in 1886 went to New York to complete his legal studies. 
Through introduction secured for him by Principal Scott, of Phillip Exeter 
Academy, he was enabled to pursue his legal training under the former's 
brother, "Hon. William F. Scott, in the law office of Schell, Hutchins & Piatt, 
one of the leading firms of New York city. Here again he was enabled to 



20 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

come in contact with men of large affairs, such as Abram Hewitt, mayor of 
New York city; Augustus Schell, a Tammany leader; Hon. Waldo Hutch- 
ins, Hon. William Sulzer, and Roscoe Conkling. He remained there for 
three years, at the expiration of which period he was admitted to the bar. In 
1889 Mr. McMurray came to the northwest Pacific coast, and, stopping at 
Tacoma, was so favorably impressed with the surroundings that he decided 
to remain, accepting a position as reporter on the Tacoma Ledger, which he 
continued to fill for the following fourteen months. On the 1st of January, 
1 89 1, he opened a law office in this city, where he has since continuously re- 
mained, now controlling one of the largest private practices in Tacoma. He 
served as a justice of the peace for four years, during which time he handled 
about two thousand cases, and for two years was the deputy prosecuting 
attorney for Pierce county. He is a prominent Republican leader, and at 
one time was a candidate for nomination to the judgeship of the su- 
perior court. 

After his arrival in the northwest Mr. McMurray secured a quarter 
section of government land in the southern part of Pierce county, four miles 
southwest of Eatonville, on which he has a pleasant residence and on which 
there is a splendid timber tract and other valuable resources. On this claim 
the Nisqually river flows through a gorge and makes a waterfall of such 
power as to render it of great value in the future industrial development of 
this section. For the purpose of utilizing this Mr. McMurray has organized 
the Washington Power Company, of which he is the president. Across the 
Nisqually he has built an aerial tramway, and has also constructed a sub- 
stantial bridge two hundred and fifty feet above the water. The Tacoma 
Eastern Railroad now runs through this property. 

Mr. McMurray is accorded a prominent position in the business and 
professional circles of the state of Washington, and his career is proving an 
honor to the commonwealth of his adoption. In his fraternal relations he is 
a Royal Arch Mason. He is also a past exalted ruler of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, and past great sachem of the Improved Order of 
Red Men, having been the first great sachem for the order in the state of 
Washington. 

RALPH METCALF. 

The great forests of the northwest are the source of much of the wealth 
and the business activity of this portion of the country. From the time when 
the trees are felled until they are converted into marketable commodities for 
constructive purposes, the work comprises various kinds and processes of 
labor, and many men are employed in carrying on the logging and lumber 
business and kindred industries. Mr. Metcalf, who won considerable reputa- 
tion west of the Mississippi as a journalist and was first known to the people 
of Tacoma in that capacity, is now a representative of one of the lines of busi- 
ness to which the forests give rise, being the secretary and treasurer of the 
Metcalf Shingle Company of Tacoma. 

A native of Providence, Rhode Island, he was born in 1861, a son of 
Alfred and Rosa Clinton (Meloy) Metcalf. The father was born in Provi- 
dence, where he is still living, and the city has been the home of the Metcalfs 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 27 

through many generations. The progenitor of the family in this country 
landed in America in 1629. The mother of our subject is also living, and 
is of English descent. 

Ralph Metcalf is a college-bred man, and until within the last few years 
was prominent in newspaper work. He was fitted for responsible positions 
in business life by attendance at Brown University, at Cambridge, and the 
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, being graduated from the last-named 
institution in 1883. During his college days at Ann Arbor he was prom- 
inent in athletic circles, and was manager of the baseball team. On leaving 
college he entered the newspaper field at Winona, Minnesota, where he pur- 
chased the Daily Herald and became its editor. Most of his best newspaper 
work, however, was done at St. Paul, on the Pioneer Press. For several 
years he was located in that city, and then came to Tacoma in 1889. 

Here Mr. Metcalf became editor and proprietor of the Tacoma Morn- 
ing Globe, with which journal he was thus connected until 1893, when he 
sold his interests in the paper, which at that time was absorbed by The 
Ledger. He then went into the shingle mill business, which resulted in 
the formation of the Metcalf Shingle Company. In 1902 the business was 
incorporated, with a paid-up capital of one hundred thousand dollars, with 
Louis D. Campbell, now mayor of Tacoma, as the president, and Mr. Met- 
calf as the secretary and treasurer. This is a flourishing and growing en- 
terprise, with a daily output of nearly one million shingles, and the demand 
equals the capacity of the plant. The business has reached profitable pro- 
portions, and the office is now located at 508 Fidelity building, while the 
mills, two in number, are situated at Kelso and Castle Rock. 

Mr. Metcalf was married in St. Paul, Minnesota, to Miss Edith Simp- 
son, and they have one child, Elizabeth. In Tacoma they are now widely 
and favorably known, and Mr. Metcalf possesses the typical spirit of western 
enterprise and progress, which, brooking no obstacles that can be overcome 
by persistent and honorable effort, has led to the wonderful commercial and 
industrial development of Washington. 

JUDGE JOHN C. STALLCUP. 

One of the distinguished citizens of Tacoma is Judge John C. Stallcup, 
prominent in citizenship and as a lawyer and jurist. He is one of the recog- 
nized leaders of Democracy in Washington, and has for a number of years 
been recognized as a molder of public thought and opinion here. He has 
carved his name deeply upon the political and legal records of the state, and 
his career has been an honor to the commonwealth which has honored him. 

Judge Stallcup was born in Georgetown, Columbiana county, Ohio, 
February 8, 1841, and is a son of Moses D. and Mary (Chamberlain) Stall- 
cup. His father was torn in Virginia of an old family of that state, and 
when a young man removed to Ohio, where he entered upon the practice of 
law and for many years continued a member of the bar there. He died in 
Ohio in 1867, and his wife also passed away in that state. She was born in 
Ohio of Pennsylvania Quaker parentage. 



2S HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

When the Judge was about four years of age his parents removed from 
Columbiana to Stark county, Ohio, locating at Mount Union, which is now 
a part of Alliance, Ohio. He there attended the public schools and later con- 
tinued his education in Mount Union College. When he had completed his 
collegiate work he removed to New Lisbon, Columbiana county, in order 
that he might there take up the study of law, and, having mastered many of 
the principles of jurisprudence, he was admitted to the bar at that place in 
1864. There he opened an office and practiced for two years, after which 
he returned to Alliance, where he lived until 1877, when he started west- 
ward and established his home first in Denver, Colorado. For twelve years he 
was a prominent practitioner in that city, having a distinctively representative 
clientage, which connected him with much of the important litigation tried 
in the courts of his district. He was also prominent in political circles, and 
was appointed by Governor Adams of Colorado as judge of the supreme 
court commission, which position he held for several years, discharging his 
duties in a manner that won him high encomiums from the public. He was 
a leading figure in local Democratic circles, and for three times was unani- 
mously chosen chairman of the Arapahoe county Democratic central com- 
mittee. Again he was urged to accept the chairmanship, but on the fourth 
occasion he refused. He was also nominated for state senator. His sterling 
qualities had won for him the friendship of Senator Wolcott, who voted for 
Judge Stallcup, although he was a Republican. He also gained the close 
friendship of T. M. Patterson, Alva Adams and other distinguished leaders 
of the Republican party in Colorado. 

In 1880 Judge Stallcup was united in marriage in St. Louis, Missouri, 
to Miss Mary Pindle Shelby, a representative of one of the aristocratic families 
of Lexington, Kentucky. Her great-grandfather, Dr. Pindle, was a surgeon 
of the Revolutionary war, and others of the name have been co-operant fac- 
tors in affairs that have shaped the history of their respective states. To the 
Judge and his wife have been born three children : Margery, John and Evan 
Shelby. 

The year 1889 witnessed the arrival of Judge Stallcup in Tacoma, where 
he opened a law office and began practice. In 1892 he was elected judge of 
the superior court on a non-partisan ticket, and for four years filled that 
position, after which he served for a short time as city attorney by appoint- 
ment of Mayor Fawcett. His office is at 308-311 Equitable building, and his 
residence at 317 Park Heights. His preparation of cases is most thorough 
and exhaustive ; he seems almost intuitively to grasp the strong points of law 
and fact ; while in his briefs and arguments the authorities are cited so exten- 
sively and the facts and reasoning thereon are presented so cogently and unan- 
swerably as to leave no doubt as to the correctness of his views or of his con- 
clusion. No detail seems to escape him; every case is given its due promi- 
nence, and the case is argued with such skill, ability and power that he rarely 
fails to gain the verdict desired. 

FRANK C. MORSE. 

There are not many whose lives are recorded in this volume who are 
native to the west; most of those who have arrived at middle age have been 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 29 

born farther east and have cast in their lot with this country. But Mr. Frank 
C. Morse, the genial assistant postmaster at Tacoma, has spent all his life in 
the region west of the Rockies, and is therefore thoroughly imbued with the 
enterprising spirit of the west. His father, Charles A. Morse, was born in 
Boston, but in 1856 he went to San Francisco to take a position with the 
extensive navy yard located on Mare Island. President Lincoln appointed 
him to the position of naval storekeeper for the Mare Island navy yard, and 
he held this office under successive administrations until 1875, 'when he 
resigned. His death occurred in San Francisco in 1889. He married Caro- 
line M. Sawyer, who was born at Haverhill, Massachusetts, and died at 
Alameda, California, in 1901. On both sides of the family the ancestors for 
several generations back resided in this country, but the paternal stock was 
originally English and Irish. 

So it was that Frank C. was born in the west, his birth taking place at 
the Mare Island navy yard on April 8, 1859. His boyhood was thus passed 
among the interesting and sometimes stirring sights of the din and prepara- 
tion for war, home-comings of the troops, and all that lends variety to such 
a place. His education was completed at St. Augustine College^ Benicia, 
California, where he studied three years, from 1874 to 1877. He first en- 
gaged in business with the California representative for the Centemerie kid 
gloves, made in Paris, continuing this for a little over a year. In 1879 ne 
went to Portland, and after remaining there for seven months moved to the 
young village of Colfax, Whitman county, Washington. He remained here 
for ten years in the employ of Lippitt Brothers, general merchants, and in 
May, 1889, President Harrison appointed him postmaster of Colfax, the 
duties of which office he discharged for five years. Then being appointed 
state bookkeeper by State Auditor Grimes, during Governor McGraw's ad- 
ministration, he removed to Olympia to perform the duties of that position 
and remained there for three years. Mr. Morse has lived in Tacoma since 
1897, and on September 17, 1899, was made assistant postmaster under John 
B. Cromwell, which position he now holds. He has had much experience in 
Uncle Sam's service and is a very competent official. 

Mr. Morse was married in 1887 at Lewiston. Idaho, to Miss Belle S. 
Sullivan. She is the sister of Judge Sullivan, of Spokane, and of linn. P. C. 
Sullivan, who is a prominent politician, was at one time candidate for gov- 
ernor of Washington, and is now in Nome, Alaska. One child has been 
born of the marriage, who died when two years of age. They live at their 
nice home at 416 North Tacoma avenue. Mr. Morse is a Republican, hut 
devotes all his time to his official duties. He is very loyal to his adopted 
state, being especially fond of the eastern part, around Colfax, where he 
made his home for so long. 

THEODORE SHENKENBERG. 

The city of Hamburg, Germany, has been famous in the world of com- 
merce for centuries, and it was one of the strongest members of that greal 
commercial union, known as the Hanseatic League, the most powerful indus- 
trial alliance of the Middle Ages. And at the present time it is the center 
for much of the world's trade by sea. It is not at rdl surprising, therefore, 



30 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

that it should have given birth to many men who were noted in the counting 
house, the bank, and in all lines of business and trade, and one of these, who 
has cast his lot in with America and is now known as one of the best account- 
ants in the state of Washington, is Theodore Shenkenberg, who occupies 
several important positions with firms of high commercial standing in 
Tacoma. 

Mr. Shenkenberg was born in Hamburg in February, 1849. T ne 
fact that he received his education in this German town is evidence enough 
that he acquired a thorough, well rounded training, and, as he entered mercan- 
tile life at a very early age, he became a skilled and careful accountant. It 
happened that he was connected with a house which carried on correspondence 
with England and the United States, and he therefore learned the English 
language before coming to this country. He was only twenty years of age 
when he came to this country in 1869, but he was thoroughly equipped for 
his life work. He came west to Illinois and was employed in the capacity 
of bookkeeper at a large nursery at Normal, but after a year he went to St. 
Paul, Minnesota, and was a bookkeeper in several wholesale houses for two 
years. We next find him at Fargo, North Dakota, acting as bookkeeper for 
the Northern Pacific Railroad for a year. At Bismarck he was employed by 
the Northern Pacific Coal Company, and while here his efficient work gained 
the favorable attention of the president of the company, Colonel C. W. 
Thompson, who is well known in Tacoma and is mentioned elsewhere in this 
volume. Mr. Shenkenberg became the bookkeeper and chief clerk for Colonel 
Thompson, and has been connected with that gentleman in business ever 
since. They came to Tacoma in 1889, and Mr. Shenkenberg has become 
an officer in each of the large concerns organized by Colonel Thompson, who 
is the president of each. He is treasurer of the Washington Co-Operative 
Mining Syndicate, which operates extensive coal and copper mines in the 
Carbon river district in Pierce county ; is secretary of the Montezuma Mining 
Company, which has copper and coal interests in the Tacoma mining district 
of Pierce county ; and is secretary and treasurer of the Bella Coola Pulp and 
Paper Company, which was recently organized for the purpose of building a 
large paper mill in British Columbia. 

Mr. Shenkenberg has been dependent on his own resources throughout 
his life, and it was with his own earnings that he came to this country. It 
has been through industry and painstaking endeavor that he has made his 
present success, and no better proof of his ability can be asked than that he 
has retained the utmost confidence of Colonel Thompson all these years and 
has been entrusted with the details of his important business. Mr. Shenken- 
berg was married in July, 1879, while he was residing at Bismarck, Miss 
Elizabeth Glitschka becoming his wife. Their children are: Hortense, who 
is deceased : Carl ; Theodore, deceased ; Ethel ; and Elizabeth. 

JAMES T. GROVE. 

Although a resident of Everett for but a brief period, James T. Grove 
has already left the impress (if his individuality upon the business interests of 
this city and is now the vice president of the Union Transfer Company. He 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 31 

is a man of marked energy and force of character, readily comprehending 
intricate business situations and carrying forward to successful completion 
whatever he undertakes. Such a man is always of value to the industrial, 
commercial and professional circles of any city. 

Mr. Grove was born in Galena, Illinois, his birth occurring on the 29th 
of December, 1857. He is a son of Frederick Grove, a native of Cornwall, 
England, and who with his parents came to Illinois, settling in that state 
about 1833. He was a butcher by trade, long following that calling in order 
to provide for his family. He wedded Mary Jane Lawrence, who was born 
in Illinois, representing one of the old families of that state, and of English 
lineage. Mr. Grove passed away at the age of fifty-five years, and his wife 
died when fifty-three years of age. They were the parents of three sons and 
two daughters: Laurence; Charlie; Clara, who is the widow of W. J. Fair; 
and Mary Ellen, who is now deceased. 

The eldest member of the family is James T. Grove, who spent his boy- 
hood days under the parental roof in the usual manner of lads of that period 
and locality. Work and play occupied his time and attention, and in the 
public schools of Galena he pursued his education until he attained the age 
of eighteen years. He worked with his father in the butchering business after 
leaving school, being thus engaged for about twelve years, and in 1887 he 
went to Chicago, where he entered the employ of the West Division Chicago 
Street Railway Company. His connection with that corporation continued 
until 1898, when he came to the northwest, settling first in Seattle. After 
working for Moran Brothers, ship-builders of Seattle, for a short time, he 
came to Everett in the fall of 1898 and has since been engaged in the transfer 
business here, buying out the Union Transfer Company. He incorporated 
his business in 1903 with a capital stock of ten thousand dollars, and the 
present officers are B. H. Vollans, president; J. T. Grove, vice-president; and 
D. Darling, secretary. The company operates a general livery and also does 
an extensive transfer business, of which Mr. Grove is general manager. The 
business methods of the company are such as to gain public confidence, and, 
therefore, the public support, and the success of the enterprise is largely due 
to Mr. Grove. 

On the 21st of January, 1887, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Grove 
and Miss Isabella Gray, a native of Illinois and a daughter of John and 
Isabella Gray, who were pioneer settlers of this state. Mr. Grove is a member 
of the Modern Woodmen of the World, and also has membership relations 
with the Knights of the Globe. In his political views he is a Republican, but 
has had no time for public office, preferring to devote his energies to his 
business affairs, wherein he is winning advancement and gaining for himself 
a comfortable competence. 

PETER L. OPSVIG. 

Peter L. Opsvig is one of the younger representatives of the medical 
fraternity, but his ability does not seem to be limited by the years of his 
connection with the profession. He established his home and office in 
Everett in the fall of 1900, and already has secured a good patronage here. 



32 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Dr. Opsvig was born in Norway on the 3th of December, 1868, and is a 
son of Lars and Karen Opsvig, both of whom were natives of Norway and 
belonged to old families of the land of the midnight sun. The father fol- 
lowed farming during the years of his active business career, thus providing 
for the wants of his family. He is now living in Norway at the very advanced 
age of eighty-six years, while his wife passed away in 1877. Peter Opsvig has 
a brother, Louis P., who is residing in Everett, and also has a brother and 
three sisters who are still living in the old country. 

Peter L. Opsvig obtained his early education in the public schools of 
Aalesund and afterward attended college there. He was graduated from 
college in 1886, and later entered the University of Christiania, where he 
completed the course with the class of 1889, winning the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. He began the study of medicine in the same institution, but after 
one year he came to the United States and made his way to California, where 
he matriculated in the medical department of the University of California. 
In that institution he was graduated in 1900, and in the succeeding fall came 
to Everett, where he has since been located. He was not long in demon- 
strating his worthiness of public confidence, for in his practice he showed 
marked skill and ability. He belongs to the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, to the Royal Arcanum, to the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
and the Fraternal Army of America, and in all of these organizations is a 
valued representative, being true to the beneficent teachings upon which 
they are founded and to the spirit of brotherly kindness and helpfulness 
which they inculcate. He exercises his right of franchise in support of the 
men and measures of the Republican party. Mr. Opsvig is a young man of 
strong mentality and broad intellectual training, of laudable ambition and of 
strong purpose, and in the land of his adoption he has already won recogni- 
tion by reason of his professional skill and his many admirable personal 
characteristics. 

ALBERT L. VAN VALEY. 

Albert Louis Van Valey, proprietor and manager of the Van Valey 
Bottling Works of Everett, an enterprise which he has developed from a 
small beginning to one of extensive and profitable proportions, was born on 
the 9th of May, 1868, in Washington county, Ohio, a son of Moses A. and 
Ruth A. (Morris) Van Valey, both of whom were natives of Ohio, while 
the former was of Holland descent and the latter belonged to an old Ameri- 
can family. The Van Valey ancestors came to the United States during the 
early period of the country's development and established a home in the 
state of New York long prior to the Revolutionary war. The father of our 
subject was a farmer by occupation and removed from Ohio to Kansas, 
where his wife died in 1875, when forty-four years of age. He long survived 
her, and in 1893 came to Washington, where he spent his remaining days, 
his death occurring in 1898. The onlv daughter of the family is Evvie L., 
now the wife of J. A. Cooper. 

Albert L. Van Valey was but three years of age when his parents 
removed to Kansas, and be pursued his education in the public schools of 
Neosho county, that stale, until he was thirteen years of age, after which he 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 33 

put aside his textbooks and worked on his father's farm, following that pur- 
suit until 1890, when he came to Seattle, where he engaged with George T. 
Maginnis & Company, as an employe in their bottling works. He spent six 
years there, during which time he gained a thorough and comprehensive 
knowledge of the business, becoming familiar with it in every detail. With 
the capital he had acquired through his industry and enterprise, and well 
qualified to carry on a similar enterprise of his own. he came to Everett in 
September, 1896, and opened his business, beginning the bottling business, 
however, on a small scale on Riverside. There he continued his operations 
until he removed to his present location at 31.24 Paine avenue, where he now 
conducts a general bottling business and manufactures all kinds of mineral 
water and carbonated beverages. The plant is equipped with the latest im- 
proved machinery, with appointments for carrying on an extensive trade, 
which extends throughout the county. 

On the 24th of December, 1892, at Seattle. Mr. Van Valey was united 
in marriage to Miss Ella M. Ducey, a native of Missouri, and a daughter of 
Patrick Ducey, who was of Irish lineage and came from the Emerald Isle to 
America when a boy. He first resided in Missouri, and about 1870 removed 
to Kansas. The home of Mr. and Mrs. Van Yaley has been blessed with 
two daughters: Ruth Marie and Esther May, aged respectivelv six and 
four years. Both Mr. and Mrs. Van Valey are we'll known in Everett, and 
have gained the favorable regard and warm friendship of many with whom 
they have come in contact. Mr. Van Valey belongs to a number of civil 
societies, in which he takes a deep interest, holding membership with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Improved Order of Red Men and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 
In his political affiliations he is a Republican, but has never turned aside into 
political paths to seek the honors and emoluments of office. Instead he has 
given his undivided attention to his business interests, and through his close 
application and capability has built up an enterprise which has grown to large 
and profitable proportions. 

GEORGE W. OSBORN. 

George W. Osborn, a successful and well-to-do farmer who formerly 
served as county commissioner of Thurston county, is a native of Ohio, his 
birth having occurred in Fairfield county on the 27th of February, 1834. 
His grandfather, Jacob Osborn. was born in Germany and emigrated to 
Pennsylvania, in which state occurred the birth of Joshua Osborn. The 
grandfather died in the Keystone state, and the widow and her family then 
removed to Ohio, where Joshua became a farmer. Ultimately he removed 
to Indiana, later becoming a representative of Branch county. Michigan, 
where he spent his remaining days. He was married to Miss Harriet Rigby, 
a native of West Virginia, who departed this life in the fifty-seventh year 
of her age ; he died in 1893 in his eightieth year. They were valued mem- 
bers of the Methodist church and were people of the highest respectability. 
In their family were eleven children, seven sons and four daughters, five of 
whom are now living, but George W. Osborn is the only representative of the 



34 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

family in Washington. Four of his brothers served in the Civil war, and 
one of them lost his life in the battle of Murfreesboro. 

George W. Osborn obtained his education in the public schools of Indi- 
ana, and when he reached the age of nineteen years he bought his time of his 
father and worked as a farm hand, thus earning the money to pay his father 
for the years which still remained of his minority. In 1869 he migrated to 
the Pacific coast, and after one year spent at Shoalwater Bay made his^ way 
to Thurston county, soon afterward locating upon his present farm at South 
Bay. 

In the spring of 1861 Mr. Osborn had been united in marriage to Mrs. 
Minnie A. Carpenter, a daughter of Warren Wheaton. Three of her brothers 
were also defenders of the Union cause in the Civil war, and the health of 
each was undermined by the sufferings and hardships of that great sanguinary 
struggle. By her first marriage Mrs. Osborn had four children, and to our 
subject and his wife has been born a son, Louis W. Osborn, whose birth 
occurred in 1862. He was educated in the public school, and is a talented 
and capable young man, still with his parents. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. Osborn erected a little log house in the midst of the forest; 
a blanket was hung at the door, and the furnishings were of the most primi- 
tive nature. All' around stood the forest of heavy pine timber, including 
nineteen large trees upon the rise of ground where he decided to build his 
house. One of these trees was nine feet in diameter, and when it had been 
cut down streched along the ground the length of an entire acre. There were 
many Indians in the country, and there was but one white woman between 
the Osborn home and Olympia, and Mrs. Osborn. one of the brave pioneer 
women of the early times, remained alone in the little cabin while her husband 
was off earning a living at the carpenter trade. The first purchase of land 
comprised forty acres, and to this additions were made from time to time as 
the financial resources of Mr. Osborn increased. He now owns a good stock 
farm, and is not only engaged in the raising of stock but also in the produc- 
tion of hay. He bought one of the first Polled Angus cattle introduced here, 
and later secured some fine Jersey stock. Pie now is the possessor of a 
splendid bull of the Roan-Durham breed, and that stock will now have pref- 
erence upon his farm. Mr. Osborn has also a number of choice fruit trees 
which he has planted, and upon his place he raises nearly everything needed 
for home consumption. The house is a pleasant and substantial farm resi- 
dence sheltered by trees of his own planting, and there he and his wife enjoy 
many of life's comforts. They are good Christian people, spending the even- 
ing of their honorable lives surrounded by many comforts that go to mak<* 
life worth living. 

Mr. Osborn has always been a stanch Republican, and was nominated 
and elected by the party in 1892 to the responsible office of county commis- 
sioner. After his term of two years expired he was re-elected in 1894 for 
four years, proving how capably he had served his fellow townsmen and how 
promptly and efficientl) he had discharged the duties of his position. He is a 
man of sin mg business sense, and this quality characterized his official service. 
He put forth his best efforts to reduce the indebtedness of the county and at 
the same time to advance its interests in every possible way. and his services 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 35 

were most commendable and received the hearty endorsement of his fellow 
citizens. His life has ever been honorable and upright, and Thurston county 
owes him much for what he has done in its behalf, his labors resulting great 1\ 
to the benefit of the community. 

MRS. MARY M. KNIGHT. 

Woman seems to have reached her political ideal in several of the states 
of the extreme west. In these robust young commonwealths that have 
sprung up along the slopes of the Rocky mountains the people are as fresh 
and free as the air they breathe, and the very atmosphere seems hostile to 
anything like discrimination between classes or on account of sex, nationality 
or religion. In some of the older states of the east the medieval notion still 
lingers that woman is an inferior sort of creature, not able to govern herself 
much less a body of people in organized form. Not so in the boundless 
expanse of the great northwest. There woman is accorded all her rights, 
political and business as well as social and civil. In these newly formed 
commonwealths at least, there are no hard or hateful lines drawn on account 
of race, color or previous condition of servitude. In several of these states 
woman has been accorded full rights of suffrage, and hence it is no unusual 
sight to see them filling all sorts of offices as well as assisting to make the 
laws as members of legislatures. For this reason no one is surprised when 
he drops into Shelton and sees a woman acting as superintendent of county 
schools. And should he be an easterner who still retains the idea that 
women are unfit for such places, he will certainly be convinced to the con- 
trary if he inspects the schools and sees how well Mrs. Knight has discharged 
the duties of superintending them. He will find that no man could have done 
better and but few as well, and will doubtless return home with a decided 
acquisition of new impressions on the woman question after contact with the 
progressive people of the coast states. The truth is that women have a 
natural aptitude for everything relating to the government of children, and 
while, as every one admits, they make ideal teachers, they are equally success- 
ful as principals and superintendents. 

Mrs. Mary M. Knight, whose brilliant record in educational work at 
Shelton suggested the foregoing remarks, is descended from Scotch ancestors 
who came to the United States at an early period. Fler grandfather married 
a Stark, related to that famous old Revolutionary general who declared on 
the eve of a historic engagement : "Either I will defeat the British or Molly 
Stark sleeps a widow to-morrow night." Eventually representatives of the 
family found their way west and effected a settlement in the southern part 
of Michigan. 

Mrs. Knight, who was born in Ingham county of that state. September 
2, 1854, was the eldest of the five children of C. S. Dunbar, and his only 
daughter. She was educated in the high school at Eaton Rapids, Michigan, 
imbibed a desire to teach at an early age. and studied with a view to qualify- 
ing herself for that exalted calling. Her career as an educator, begun when 
she was sixteen years old. has continued uninterruptedly until the present 
time, and has embraced work in three different states. After going through 



30 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

her apprenticeship by teaching a few terms in Michigan, she had an oppor- 
tunity to exercise her talents on a wider field, as the result of her family's 
removal to Dakota. Obtaining a position in the city schools at Huron, she 
taught there with marked success for a number of years, and would probably 
have remained but for the fact that her father and brothers changed location 
to the state of Washington. Desiring to be near her relatives and especially 
the parents as they approached old age, Mrs. Knight joined them in 1890. 
She immediately began work in the Shelton city schools, where she taught 
most acceptably' for "four years, and later was engaged for five years in the 
schools at Whatcom, where her success was equally pronounced. The educa- 
tional work of Mrs. Knight, especially her skill as a disciplinarian, had at- 
tracted so much attention by 1900 that the Democrats nominated her their 
candidate for county superintendent of schools. At the ensuing election she 
was chosen by the people for that responsible office, and shortly afterward 
entered upon the discharge of her duties. Having made a life study of the 
subject of education, and being thoroughly familiar with the art of teaching 
as the result of long and varied experience, Mrs. Knight's equipment for 
such an office as county superintendent is exceptional. It goes without the 
saying, therefore, that she has made an excellent official in all respects, and 
had an opportunity to display that enthusiasm for school work which has 
been the ruling passion of her life. 

As like seeks like in the matrimonial as well as the natural world, Miss 
Dunbar found her affinity in Marcus F. Knight, who, like herself, was a pro- 
fessional teacher and filled with enthusiasm for his work. Mr. Knight was 
born at Hamlin, Michigan, and attended the high school at Eaton Rapids, 
where the Dunbar children were his schoolmates. His boyish affection for 
Miss Mary ripened into love at maturity, and culminated in their marriage 
June 29. 1876. Similarity of tastes and employment, aside from the endear- 
ing recollections arising from their early association at school, combined to 
make their union as eminently fitting in its beginning as it has remained ideal 
in its continuance. Mr. Knight has taught with success at various places in 
different states, and for two years was principal of the city schools at Shelton. 
Their household is brightened by the presence of two daughters, whose names 
are Jessie and Gyneth, and the family circle is one of the happiest imaginable. 
Mrs. Knight's father, though somewhat advanced in years, is still living at 
Shelton, as is also her brother, C. V. Dunbar, the prominent druggist of the 
same city whose biography appears elsewhere in this work. Mr. and Mrs. 
Knight, 'like all sensible people, are fond of the comforts of life as well as 
those things which contribute to the finer tastes, so we find their home at 
Shelton surrounded by a small acreage devoted to a variety of fruits in- 
digenous to that section. Prudent housewifery also supplies the domestic 
table with honey, poultry and eggs of their own raising, and thus it will be 
seen that the Knight home is a" typical American one in its comforts and 
luxuries as well as its robust self-dependence. It is natural that such a 
household should attract many visitors and that such occupants should make 
many friends, and both propositions are found on inquiry to be true in the 
case'of the estimable couple so largely responsible for the educational interests 
of Shelton. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 37 

S. A. PHILLIPS. 

The old pioneers, even of the newest countries, are fast passing away, 
and soon only their names and the memory of their brave deeds will be left 
as a blessed heritage to the less hardy descendants, who reap the golden 
results but not the hardships and toil of those who went before them. A 
half century is not a long period in the general history of the world, but fifty 
years ago the present state of Washington existed' only as the great oak 
lives in the little acorn; and of the men who were there to bring about this 
wonderful growth only a few survive and witness the fruit of their early 
toils. In this small number of sturdy pioneers may well be counted Mr. 
S. A. Phillips, who still retains the old donation claim which he took from 
the government fifty years ago, located three miles south of the city of 
Chehalis, Lewis county. 

On both sides of the house the grandfathers of Mr. Phillips were partici- 
pants in the struggles of the Revolutionary war. Edward Phillips, his 
father, came to Monroe county, Michigan, in 1835, and was one of the 
pioneer settlers of Oakland county of that state. He died in Macomb 
county, Michigan, in 1849, a g e d seventy-seven years. 

Mr. S. A. Phillips and his brother James T. are the only survivors of 
the family, and both reside in Lewis county. S. A. Phillips was born in 
Cayuga county, New York, November 1, 1830, came with his father to 
Michigan, and when twenty-one years of age left his home in that state, 
took passage in a steamer and by way of the Isthmus arrived in San Fran- 
cisco in 1852. From there he came to Olympia, near which place he took a 
donation claim and built a little home. During the Indian war of 1855-56 
this house and all his moveable property and crops were destroyed by the 
Indians. He enlisted and did active service in the campaign against the 
redskins until the close, furnishing his own horse and equipment ; he was 
never reimbursed for his losses or his services until by a recent act of Con- 
gress he was allowed a pension of eight dollars a month, which he will soon 
begin to receive. He settled on his present ranch in Lewis county in 1858. 
During the first years of his residence here he was compelled to go to Port- 
land and Olympia for his supplies, fording all the rivers and undergoing all 
the hardships incident to pioneer life, paying a dear price for his simple 
frontier home. He was industrious, and by his diligence has made a fine 
farm and on it has erected a nice residence. As time passed and he was 
prospered he added to his land one hundred and sixty acres, so that he 
owned four hundred and eighty acres. 

In the same year that he took up his residence in Lewis county he was 
united in marriage to Miss Jane Moore, who died in 1868. leaving two 
children. The daughter is now Mrs. Adela Cregg and lives in Lewiston, 
Idaho; Edward Phillips, the son. was born in 1859, married Margaret John- 
son, a native of Scotland, and had two children, Elva and Nbrval. Mr. 
Phillips has given his son one hundred and thirty acres of his estate. In 
1870 he took for his second wife Miss May Jackson, whose father was one 
of the oldest pioneers of this county, and it will be of interest to briefly sketi h 
his life. 



38 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

John R. Jackson was a native of England; he came" to this country and 
emigrated to the state of Washington in 1844. He located in Lewis county, 
and the prairie on which he settled took his name and has ever since been 
known as Jackson's Prairie. In the primitive log house which he budt on 
his claim was held the first court of justice in the county; he served as 
probate judge of the county for many years, and was a successful farmer 
and respected citizen. He died May 24, 1873, when seventy-three years of 
age. His religious views were those of the Episcopalian church. His wife 
crossed the plains in 1847 and was one of the brave pioneer women of the 
country. She was a widow, Mrs. Koontz, and she married Mr. Jackson in 
May, 1848, and her son, Barton Koontz, now lives on the old home. This 
estimable lady passed away February 14, 1901, when ninety years old, and 
she was the oldest woman pioneer of Lewis county at the time of her death. 
There were six children born to Mr. and Mrs. Jackson, and the two daugh- 
ters are still living: Louisa is now the wife of Joseph Weir, and May is 
Mrs. Phillips. 

Mr. S. A. Phillips is an honest, self-reliant man, has preferred to paddle 
his own canoe throughout his life, has never joined any society or taken a 
pledge; thinks liquor is a good thing in its proper place, has not hesitated to 
drink when he wished, but has always known when was the right time to 
stop; he has always based his moral conduct on the Golden Rule, although 
he does not profess to have never fallen short in its practical application; 
always punctual in the payment of his debts, he has gained a most enviable 
reputation in the business world, and now in the seventieth year of his life 
his past is one in which he may feel a justifiable pride, and his future is not 
an object of fear. 

REV. BJUG HARSTAD. 

This prominent minister and educator of Parkland, Washington, is a 
native of Norway, born near Christiansand in 1848, and was about thirteen 
years old when his parents emigrated to this country, in 1861. The family 
located in La Salle county, Illinois, on a farm, and this place was the scene 
of his boyhood days. His parents were poor, and he was forced from a very 
early age to earn his own living, but he was from the first consumed with a 
thirst for knowledge and an ambition to become a minister. To accomplish 
this purpose he entered the Lutheran college at Decorah, Iowa, where he 
studied for six years, in the meantime supporting himself by farm work and 
teaching. He graduated in 1871 and then went to St. Louis, where the next 
three years were spent in the preparation for the ministry at the Concordia 
Theological Seminary, and he completed the course in 1874. 

The enthusiasm and earnestness which were his characteristics in this 
earlier training were still more strikingly illustrated in his first real work. 
He came out to what was then a raw frontier country, the Red River valley 
of North Dakota, where he was a missionary preacher for the Norwegian 
Lutheran synod. Almost no salary was attached to this labor, and he helped 
support himself by taking up a claim and farming it in addition to his other 
strenuous toil. He experienced all the hardships of pioneer life, but was of 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 39 

such a nature that he enjoyed it, and his zeal was rewarded by the establish- 
ment of churches throughout the Red River valley, a church and people that 
have since become powerful in that section of the country. He remained 
there until 1890, when he was chosen by the church to be president in charge 
of the Pacific district of the Norwegian Lutheran synod, an office somewhat 
similar to that of bishop in the Episcopal church; the district embraces 
Washington, Oregon, California, those parts of Montana and Idaho which 
are west of the grand divide, and Alaska. On coming here he established 
himself in the beautiful suburb of Tacoma, Parkland, where he built a church. 
In 1 89 1 he began the task of building a Norwegian college at Parkland. 
The building was begun during the good times of the western part of the 
country, but about the time the building was ready for dedication the panic 
of 1893 was at its height, and only by the efforts of Rev. Harstad did the 
undertaking succeed. The school was dedicated in 1894, and from then till 
1899 Rev. Harstad traveled all over the district soliciting aid to pay off the 
indebtedness, and in 1898 he even went to Alaska, where he remained a year, 
building up the church, establishing missions, ordaining ministers and getting 
contributions for the college. But the task was finally successfully completed. 
The Pacific Lutheran Academy, as the school is known, has a beautiful 
situation, and the building is a large four-story brick, erected at a cost of 
between ninety and one hundred thousand dollars. The doors are open to 
both sexes, and there are about one hundred and fifty pupils. Five courses 
of instruction are offered, ranging from two to four years each, and every 
department is in the hands of thoroughly competent instructors, so that a 
brilliant future awaits the school. The principal is Professor N. J. Hong, 
and Rev. Harstad is himself professor of religion, Norwegian and Greek, 
and also teaches in the local parochial school. For several years he has been 
the editor of the Pacific Herald, a semi-secular Norwegian weekly, published 
at Parkland. He has given up his presidency of the district, preferring to 
remain constantly at Parkland, where he is also the minister of the local 
church. He has built a fine home here, has eight children, and conducts his 
orchard and farm with the aid of his sons. 

JOHN WILSON MOWELL. 

The profession of medicine now numbers in its ranks some of the 
most eminent men of the country, men of great force of character, who arc 
devoting their lives to saving and promoting the life of mankind. And as 
the standard of the profession rises, the class of men attracted to it becomes 
higher. One of the prominent physicians and surgeons of Olympia, who has 
not only made a splendid record as a medical practitioner but has also become 
one of the leading business men of the city, is Dr. Mowell. The Vfowell 
family comes of the sturdy Teutonic stock, and grandfather Nicholas Mowell 
was born in Germany, spent fourteen years of his life in the German army, 
and then emigrated to Indiana county, Pennsylvania, where lie was a suc- 
cessful agriculturist and where he resided until his death in the eighty-sixth 
year of his life. 

His son, George W. Mowell, was born in Indiana county on March 26, 



I" HISTORY OF THE PI GET SOUND COUNTRY. 

1836, remained on his father's farm until he became of age, at the beginning 
of the Civil war offered his services as musician, and acted for some time in 
this capacity and also was engaged in the recruiting office part of the time, 
continuing in the service to the end. Before entering the service he married 
Elizabeth B. Smith, also of German ancestry and a native of Shamokin, 
Northumberland o unty, Pennsylvania. In the spring of 1866 they removed 

enton county, Missouri, and settled upon the farm where they have ever 
since made their home. -Mr. Mowell is an active citizen of his county and 
held van. ms offices, being one -1 the commissioners of the county. In 
religious belief the) were Lutherans, but, there being no church of that 
denomination near them, they joined the Baptist church and have been de- 
voted and useful members in that organization. 

John Wilson Mowell is the only member of the above family residing 
m Washington. His birth occurred in Davidsville, Pennsylvania, on the 
5th of March, [861, and he was accordingly only live years of age when his 

tits brought him to the state of Missouri, lie received his education in 
Warrensburg, Missouri, at the State Normal School. He taught school for 
live terms and studied medicine in the Missouri Medical College at St. Louis, 
where he graduated in [888. lie served his novitiate as medical practitioner 
in his native state for three years, and then in [891 arrived in Olympia. At 
first he experi ome rather hard times, but he soon became acquainted 

and has built up a large practice, and not only stands in the front rank of the 
local physicians, but has made a reputation as a good, progressive business 
man. He is a director, stockholder and vice president in the Olympia National 
Bank, and is a stockholder and director in the Puget Sound Sea Fruit Com- 
pany; this company is engaged in the manufacture of clam chowder, thus 
Utilizing the large number of clams to be found in the bay and furnishing 
the town another useful industry. The Doctor is the official physician of 
the Northern 1'acilic Railroad and of the Port Townsend and Southern 
Kail 1 

In [898 Mr. Mowell was married to Ada Sprague, who is a native of 

blah- mes Erom a Puritan ancestor who came over in the Mayflower. 

The Doctor is a membei oi Olympia Lodge No. [, F. & A. M. In politics 

' lican. He is a prominenl member of the State Medical Society 

and secretarj of the Count) Medical Society. 

WARREN A. WORDEN. 

Since tin- earl) days of the country's history the Worden family have 
occupied a distinctive place, and b borne their part in the upbuilding 

and development in the regions in which they have resided. They are of 
Welsh and English ancestry, and tin progenitor of the family in this country 
!-M. ned in Massachusetts in the seventeenth century, but gradually they be- 
came scattered, a part locating in Fairfield county. Connecticut, and part in 
Sarat inty, New York, and at the present time our subject has 

numerous relatives living in Xew Haven and Fairfield countv. Connecticut. 
Representatives of this old and honored family participated in the Revolu- 
tionary war and in the other early struggles of this country. 




/4— ^-< 



THE REW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR. LENOX AND 
T1LDEN FOUNDATIONS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 41 

Warren T. Worden, the father of Warren A., was born in Galway, 
Saratoga county, New York, but in his early age the family moved to 
Auburn, that state, where he became a lawyer, reputed to be one of the best 
in the state of New York in his day, and he enjoyed a large general practice. 
His brother was a brother-in-law of William H. Seward, of Auburn, and 
secretary of state. Air. Worden's death occurred in that city in 1891, at the 
age of eighty-four years. The mother of our subject, who was born in 
Saratoga county, New York, was a second cousin of her husband, and her 
death occurred in Tacoma, Washington, to which city she had removed with 
our subject. 

Warren A. Worden was born in Auburn, New York, in 1847, an d there 
received his elementary education, which was later supplemented by a course 
in Hobart College, of Geneva, in which he was a member of the class of 
1869. He then made an extensive tour through Europe, visiting all of its 
principal cities and countries, and returned to his home in 1869, where he 
began the study of law in his father's office. He was admitted to the bar at 
Syracuse in 1871, and on the 16th of Qctpber^ 1873, at Washington, was 
admitted to practice in the supreme '■court' iff 'the' United States, upon motion 
of Attorney General Williams during Grant's admifiistration, and who is now 
mayor of Portland, Oregon. After successfully following the practice of his 
chosen profession for a time in his native city, his health became impaired 
and he accepted a consular position in Canada, under the Hayes administra- 
tion, serving in different cities -in mat country niltil Cleveland's administra- 
tion in 1885, after which he returned to Auburn to take charge of his father's 
business, this continuing until the latter's death. The year 1891 witnessed 
the arrival of Mr. Worden in Tacoma, Washington, where he has ever since 
been numbered among the legal practitioners. He is an indefatigable and 
earnest worker, and is proficient in every department of the law. He is also 
serving as master in chancery for the United States circuit court, and referee 
in bankruptcy for the United States district court. 

The marriage of Mr. Worden was celebrated in 1871, in Auburn, New 
York, when Miss Mary S. Carpenter became his wife. She, too, is a native 
of that city, and she and her husband were schoolmates in their youth. They 
have three daughters, Mrs. Clara W. Hall, Emily B. and Mary T. Mr. 
Worden is a member of the Episcopal church. 

BRADFORD L. HILL. 

Bradford L. Hill, the leading Olympia druggist, is a descendant of a 
New England family which came to this country two hundred and seventy- 
five years ago, and have accordingly been among the makers of history of 
this country. The original progenitor of the family in America was Reuben 
Hill. Bradford, the grandfather of our subject, was born in Middlebury, 
Addison county, Vermont, in 1805, and when seven years old was taken by 
his parents to Genesee county, New York, where he grew to manhood and 
learned the carpenter's trade and engaged in contracting and building. In 
1836 he embarked his wife and three children in a "prairie schooner" and 
drove across the country to Galena, Illinois; at that time it was thought that 



42 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

this city would be the metropolis of Illinois. From here he removed to La- 
porte, Indiana, but because of sickness in his family he took them to Waterloo, 
Jefferson county, Wisconsin, settling there in 1842, on a farm nine miles 
from the nearest neighbor; here he remained for nineteen years, engaged in 
farming. His next move was to Dodge county, Minnesota, and in 1868 he 
came to towa, where he built a grist mill at Lime Spring, Howard county. 
His long and eventful life was ended in death in 1885, and his wife passed 
away four years later, at the age of seventy-six; they had lived in conformity 
with the teachings of the Universalist faith. 

Henry Reuben Hill, the father of Bradford L., was born on his father's 
farm in Wisconsin, January 2, 1843, and passed his early life in the labor of 
the farm and in attendance of the country schools. At the age of eighteen 
he enlisted in the army for service in the Civil war, but was removed by his 
father. In the fall of [862, however, he enlisted in the First Regiment, 
Minnesota Mounted Rangers, and served with Pope against the Indians in 
Minnesota and Dakota; he was in all the battles of Sibley's campaigns and 
received an honorable discharge in December, 1863. He then enlisted in 
Company B, One Hundred and Thirty-seventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
and was on the picket line at .Memphis when General Forest made his attack 
on August jo, 1864. He was discharged September 25, 1864, and in the 
spring of the next year again enlisted, but was rejected on account of disa- 
bility received in the service. Since the war he has engaged in farming, 
painting, merchandising, and in the drug business for a number of years, 
spending a large part of the time in Jewell, Washington and Republic coun- 
ties, Kansas. In 1890 he came to Olympia, where he has been engaged in 
painting and oystering, but is now retired from active pursuits. He is inde- 
pendent in politics, but has great admiration for President Roosevelt. He is 
a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and is past commander of his 
post; he i- secretary of Olympia Lodge No. 1, F. & A. M., and has been a 
Knight of Pythias lor the past twenty-two \ears. On December 12, 1867, he 
was man led to Miss Amanda M. Loring, and a son and a daughter have 
been born, the latter being now a successful teacher in the Tacoma public 
schi k 1] 

The smi. Bradford I.. Hill, claims Iowa as the state of his nativity, being 
Dun there in the town of Lime Spring, on the 1 ith of September, 1868. He 
was educated in the public schools and received his technical training in the 
pharmacy department of the University of Kansas. He has been in the drug 
business all his life, in Nebraska and other states. He came to Washington 
in [890, and for eight years was clerk in the store of Sawyer & Filley, but 
in [900 organized the 1'.. I.. Hill Drug Company, of which K. R. Brown was 
thi , ent. Under his energetic and capable management the business has 

increased until the firm takes front rank among the drug houses of the city. 
The store is in tin- < entei of the business district and has a large stock of pure 
drugs and all articles making up a first class establishment. The firm manu- 
factures large qua! tii of baking powder and its own corn, headache and 
similai Mi. Hill is a member of the Pharmacy Alumni Association 

of the University of Kansas, In politics he is a Democrat, and belongs to 
( llympia lodge X". 1. I. 0. O. !■'.. the Woodmen of the World, ami Olympia 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 43 

lodge No. i, A. F. & A. M. He is in every way a representative business 
man of Olympia and deserves especial mention in this volume. 

DOUGLAS T. WINNE. 

Douglas Thompson Winne, a practitioner at the bar of Whatcom, was 
born in Waterloo, Iowa, October 6, 1869, and on both the paternal and ma- 
ternal side comes of ancestry honorable and distinguished. His father, John 
L. Winne, a native of New York, was descended from the second burgomaster 
of New York. He was of English and Scotch descent, and early in the seven- 
teenth century located at what was then Fort Orange, but is now Albany, 
New York. The father of our subject became an extensive stock-raiser. Re- 
moving to the west, he became the owner of large ranches in Iowa and 
Nebraska, on which he herded many hundred head of cattle, doing a profitable 
business. He died in 1877. His wife, Mrs. Clarissa J. Winne, was a native 
of New York and bore the maiden name of Thompson. She was descended 
from English ancestry who came to America in early colonial times, the family 
being founded here in 1630, when representatives of the name located at 
Salem, Massachusetts. Mrs. Winne numbers among her ancestors Count 
Rumford, an American scientist of note; General De Witt Clinton, who was 
governor of New York, and also Governor Bradford of Massachusetts and 
Colonel Eben Francis Thompson, of that state. Mrs. Winne belongs to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, by virtue of the service which her 
ancestors rendered the patriot army in the struggle for independence. She 
was regarded as one of the best read women in Wisconsin during her residence 
in that state, and she is now held in the highest regard in Whatcom, where 
she is living with her son. Mrs. Winne has during the last fifteen years been 
active in church and temperance work, has contributed various literary and 
other articles to different magazines and newspapers for publication. 

Douglas T. Winne acquired his early education in the public schools and 
supplemented it by study in Lawrence University, of Wisconsin, where he 
pursued the ancient classical course, and was graduated in 1892 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. He then took a post-graduate course in the same 
institution and won the degree of Master of Arts. Desiring to make the prac- 
tice of law his life work, he prepared for the profession as a student in the 
law department of the University of Wisconsin, of which he is a graduate of 
the class of 1894. Biographical mention of the Winne family m;i\ lie Hound 
in the " Bench and Bar of Wisconsin," published in 1883; in the " History of 
the University of Wisconsin"; and also in "The Men of Progress of Wis- 
consin." While in law school our subject made a reply which became noted. 
He was asked by the dean of the department how he would advise a client 
on a given proposition of law, and, being unable to answer, said to the dean 
that he would advise the client to consult a lawyer. This reply has been pub- 
lished in frequent editions of the Annual of the University. 

Leaving college Mr. Winne began the active practice of law in Appleton, 
Wisconsin, where he remained until the fall of 1899, when he started west- 
ward. He traveled for a number of months for the benefit of his mother's 
health, and then settled in Whatcom, in June. 1900. where he opened his 
office and has since built up a fine practice, which is rapidly increasing. He 



44 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

now has a distinctively representative clientage, and his legal learning and 
careful analysis of cases have made him a forceful member of the bar. He 
has also been connected with some important industrial companies of What- 
com, and has represented a number of corporations as attorney. 

Mr. Winne belongs to the Congregational church, and socially is con- 
nected with several secret societies. In politics an earnest Republican, he is 
active in the ranks of the party, and while in Appleton, Wisconsin, he served 
as city attorney in 1896, and during '98 and '99 was attorney for the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company. He attended different state con- 
ventions there, and was also delegate from Wisconsin to national conventions 
of his party. He does not seek office as a reward for party fealty, content to 
do his duly without this recognition of his service. 

WILLIAM COLUMBUS COX. 

During the years which marked the period of the professional career of 
Dr. Cox. he has met with gratifying success, and, though his connection with 
the medical fraternity here dates back for only a comparatively brief period, 
he has won the patronage of many of the leading citizens and families of 
Everett. 1 te als< 1 has the good will of the public. A close and discriminating 
student, he endeavors to keep abreast with the times in everything relating 
to discoveries in the medical science, being a reader of the leading journals 
devoted to the discussion of the " ills to which flesh is heir" and the treat- 
ment thereof. Progressive in his ideas and favoring modern methods as a 
whole, he vet does not dispense with the true and tried systems which have 
stood the test of years. 

Dr. t ox was bom on the 20th of September, 1858, in Flint Branch, 
.Mitchell county, North Carolina, and is the eldest son and second child of 
Samuel W. ami Cynthia (Blalock) Cox. The father was born in North 
Carolina of an old American family of English and German lineage. He was 
a fanner b) 06 upation, and in the year 1873 left the Atlantic coast to find a 
home upon the Pacific seaboard, lie made his way to Walla Walla, Washing- 
ton, and after twenty years spent in this section of the country died in Janu- 
ary. [893, at the age of sixty six years. I lis wife was also a native of North 
I 1 ! na mkI belonged to a family that was early established in the new 
world. She. too. was of English and German descent, and she was a sister 
of Dr. N. G. Blalock, who has been for many years a distinguished physician 
of the northwest, was graduated in the Jefferson Medical College at Phila- 
delphia. Pennsylvania, in the class of 1861, and for thirty years has been a 
medical practitionei of Walla Walla, prominent in his profession and having 
a very large patronage, which was accorded him in reward of his marked capa- 
bility. I lie mothei 1 1 our subject passed away while the family was still living 
in North Carolina, her death occurring in [867, when she was only twenty- 
nin< 1 age. Four daughters and two sons were born of her marriage: 

Addie. who is now the wife of (leorge Rasmus, a resident of Walla Walla; 
William C; Huldah, who 1, the wife of S. S. Parris, who is living near 
Athena. 1 Iregon; Nelson D., who makes his home at Prosser. Washington; 
Ura, who is the wife of 1 >r. J. I'. Trice, of Nfez Perce, Idaho; and Victa, who 
is the wife of Thomas Yoe, of Davton, Washington. 





/ / 



'Ox 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR. LENOX AND 
T1LDEN FOUNDATIONS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. ^ 

William Columbus Cox was a youth of fifteen when he accompanied his 
father to Walla Walla in 1873. He there continued his education in the pub- 
lic schools, pursuing his studies until nineteen years of age. He afterward 
worked upon his uncle's farm until 1882, and in the fall of the same year, 
having determined to devote his life to professional work, he matriculated in 
the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia, from which he was graduated on 
the completion of a thorough course, on the 2d of April, 1885, winning the 
degree of M. D. Well equipped for his chosen profession, he then returned 
to Walla Walla, where he took up the practice of medicine in connection with 
his uncle, the distinguished Dr. Blalock. This relation was maintained until 
April, 1886, at which time Dr. Cox removed to Genesee, Idaho, where he 
remained in the active practice of medicine for five years. On the 6th of July, 
189 1, he came to Everett, where he again opened an office and where he has 
continued in practice up to the present time, covering a period of twelve years. 
His knowledge of the science of medicine is comprehensive and exact, and in 
his application of his learning to the needs .of suffering humanity he displayed 
marked skill, his labors being attended with a high degree of success. Owing 
to this he has secured a large patronage, .and' thereby has a good annual in- 
come. He is now serving as local surgeon for the Great Northern Railroad 
Company, for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company and the Everett Rail- 
way & Electric Company. ' . 

Prominent and influential, Dr. Cox has been elected to various positions 
of public trust. In 1S90 he was chosen mayor of Genesee, Idaho, serving for 
one year, and in 1894 he was elected councilman of Everett, but when he had 
filled that position for four months he resigned. In 1895 he was nominated 
and elected mayor of Everett, and served through the succeeding year. In 
1900 he was a member of the state board of medical examiners, and has acted 
in that position up to the present time, being at this writing, in 1903, the vice- 
president of that body. His political support has ever been given to the 
Democracy, and in positions of public trust he has been found most loyal to 
his duty and the trust reposed in him. 

Dr. Cox has been twice married. On the 4th of March, 1888, he wedded 
Miss Grace Jain, a native of Wisconsin and a daughter of Louis and Adelia 
Jain, of Genesee, Idaho. She died on the 10th of October, 1891, after a 
happy married life of a little more than three years. On the 1st of November, 
1894, the Doctor was again married, his second union being with Hattie G. 
McFarland, a native of Maine and a daughter of Captain R. and Georgia B. 
McFarland, of Everett. Fraternally Dr. Cox is connected with the Masons 
and the Knights of Pythias. He also belongs to the Improved Order of Red 
Men, the Benevolent' and Protective Order of Elks and the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He also holds membership with various organizatii ms 
tending to promote medical knowledge and the efficiency of practitioners. I fe 
is now the president of the Snohomish County Medical Society, and belongs 
to the Washington State Medical Society, the American Medical Association, 
the International Association of Railway Surgeons and the American Academy 
of Railway Surgeons. Professionally and socially Dr. Cox is prominent, stand- 
ing to-day as one of the leading and representative men of Everett. His 
unfailing courtesy, genial nature and ready sympathy have gained him many 



t6 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

friends among those whom he has met outside of professional duties. He is 
also ver popular with his patients, and in a profession where promotion de- 
pends upon merit he has gained a position of distinction. 

HARRY G. ROWLAND. 

Harry G. Rowland makes his home in Puyallup, but engages in the prac- 
tice of law in Tacoma, where he has gained distinction as an active, forceful 
and learned member of the bar. A native of Pennsylvania, his birth occurred 
in Potter county in 1865, his parents being the Rev. Henry and Harriet 
1 Knapp) Rowland. His father was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He was a prominent and honored resident of Tioga county, Penn- 
sylvania, and at one time served as the treasurer of that county. He is now 
deceased, but his widow still survives and is now living with her son, Dix H. 
Rowland, in Tacoma. She is a lineal descendant of Halsey Kelly, who was 
a soldier of the Revolutionary war. 

Harry G. Rowland was provided with good educational privileges. 
\fler obtaining his preliminarv education in the public schools of Wellsboro, 
Pennsylvania, he entered Allegheny College at Meadville, Pennsylvania, and 
Ir.mi thence he entered the Syracuse University at Syracuse, New York, where 
he was graduated with the class of 1888. During his college course and for 
some time thereafter he was engaged in newspaper work on the Syracuse 
Journal. Returning to Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, he took up the study of law 
in tin- office and under the direction of the firm of Elliott & Watrous. The 
1101 partner, Mortimer F. Elliott, is a very distinguished lawyer, now 
. rving a- chief counsel of the Standard Oil Company in New York city, 
l arly in the year [890 Mr. Rowland was admitted to the bar in the court of 
common pleas al Wellsboro, and immediately after followed the advice of 
Horace Greeley and came to the west. This rapidly developing country 
seemed to him to offer a splendid field of labor, and he resolved to seek his 
fortune on the Pacific coast. <h\ reaching Puget Sound he located at Puy- 
allup in Tierce county, about nine miles from Tacoma. He is a member of 
the Washington supreme court and of the United States district and circuit 
court, lie has won distinction in his profession because of his broad legal 
'. Lining, his analytical mind and his careful preparation of cases. He has 
(•.•nil,] for himself distinction as a lawyer of broad learning and one who 
is mo<i careful in the presentation of his cases before judge or jury. Thus he 
has gained a distinctively representative clientage that has connected him 
with much of the important litigation tried in the courts of his district. He 
is also a direi tor of the Citizens' State Rank of Puyallup. In February, 1903, 
in 1 in with his brother. I)i\ II. Rowland, he opened a law office on 

tin- third Hour of the I idelitj building in Tacoma in order to meet the en- 
larged demands of their practice. The other brother of the family is the 
Rev. Frank S. Rowland, pastor of the Asbury Methodist Episcopal church, 
one of tin- leading churches in Buffalo, New York. 

(hi the _'7th of June. iX<)<). Mr. Rowland was united in marriage, in 
l.i.i ma, t" Mi^- \nneiie E. Clark, a daughter of Dr. 1). C. Clark. At the 
time of her marriage and previous thereto she was a teacher of English history 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 47 

and literature in the Tacoma high school. Mr. and Mrs. Rowland now have 
one son, De Witt Clark. In his political views Mr. Rowland is a stalwart 
Republican, and in 1896 was nominated on the ticket of that party for the 
office of prosecuting attorney of Pierce county. That, however, was a Popu- 
list year in this section of the county, and the entire Republican ticket was 
defeated, but Mr. Rowland, nevertheless, ran from three to four hundred 
votes ahead of his ticket. He has been three times elected city attorney of 
Puyallup. 

DR. ALEXANDER DE SOTO. 

Dr. Alexander DeSoto, of Seattle, Washington, is a native of the Caro- 
line Islands, the date of his birth being July 28, 1840. His father, Fernando 
DeSoto. was born in 1793, on the DeSoto estate near Barcelona, and was in 
diplomatic service all his life until he was past eighty years of age, when he 
retired. He was governor of the Caroline Islands and also was lieutenant 
governor of Puerto Rico. Dr. DeSoto's mother was Hedwig Leonora 
DeSoto. She was of Austrian birth, a member of the old Hoffman family, 
and died in 1862. 

Alexander DeSoto in his early life had excellent educational advantages. 
In the University of Spain, at Madrid, he received the degree of M. D. ; at 
Heidelberg, Germany, the degree of LL. D., and he concluded his regular 
course of studies in Upsala, Sweden, in 1870. Then for two years be was 
demonstrator of surgery in Upsala. In 1862 he came to this country, to 
Washington, D. C, as a member of the Spanish legation, for the purpose of 
studying American naval tactics. He returned to Spain in 1868 and was 
one of the leaders in the Carlist movement, and it was during that time that 
he was compelled to leave and go to Sweden. He was in France a short 
time, and in 1872 returned to America. After remaining here a short time 
he went to South America, and for about two years practiced medicine and 
engaged in mining in Argentine Republic. Chili and Peru. He went to Bos- 
ton in 1875, where he had previously established a home, and while maintain- 
ing that as his headquarters he took trips all over the world, and was in the 
Chilean war as an army surgeon, 1879-80. In 1880 he went to London, Eng- 
land, and after a short stay there returned to this country and located in New 
York city, where he remained for a number of years. 

During the year 1867 Dr. DeSoto "rounded the Horn'" in the schooner 
Albatrose, and came to Seattle, when the Queen City's industrial interests 
were measured by the output from a single sawmill. He returned to Seattle 
in 1897, and, as people were returning from Alaska in a sick and destitute 
condition, he saw the need of a free hospital and established the present Way- 
side Mission Hospital. He is spending his spare time and his money in 
lightening the burdens of the sick poor. During the past six years he has 
cared for no less than nine thousand people in this hospital. In addition to 
his present charities he proposes to build at the foot of Jackson street, in 
Seattle, a Wayside Hospital, at a cost of eighty thousand dollars, and this 
structure is now in course of construction. He will also build in Seattle a 
free American Medical College, on which it is the intention to commence 
active work next year. 



48 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Dr. DeSoto is largely interested in mining and railroad enterprises, 
which lie personally manages, and in which he has been very successful. He 
is operating the Wayside gold mine at Granite Falls, and this mine he has 
dedicated to charity, to the building of colleges and hospitals. This mine, 

estimated, will produce millions, and is said to be one of the most mar- 
velous in tin- country in that it carries values in something comparatively new 
in mining- telluride of copper. He owns the controlling interest in the 
Philadelphia Crude Ore Company on Unalaska Island, across from Dutch 
Harbor. Thjs is said to be the largest sulphur deposit known. Also he 
own- the controlling interest in and is president of the Alaska Iron Com- 
pany, owning properties which have fifty million tons of iron in sight, near 
Haynes Mission, ju^t over the boundary line in British Columbia. He is 
vice presidenl and general manager of the DeSoto Placer Mining Company, 
which owns much valuable mining property in Council City, Alaska, in one 
place bavin- forty-five million cubic yards of pay gravel, averaging three 
dollars per yard. It is said to be the largest in the world. They own twelve 
miles on (lie Xeucluck river. Alaska; thirty-seven claims on Ophir creek, one 
of (lie richest creeks in Alaska; twenty-seven claims on Warm creek, which 
runs parallel to Ophir creek. On the first of last June the DeSoto Placer 
Mining Company took to Alaska the largest dredgers and steam shovels in 
oiid. in all, two hundred and seventy thousand dollars worth of ma- 
chinery and supplies; seventy-four men accompanied the machinery and the 
expedition has proved a great success. 

Dr. DeSoto has organized the Everett & Snohomish Rapid Transit Com- 
pany, and after constructing the road between Everett and Snohomish, a 
distance of eight miles, will build seventy-six miles leading into Seattle. The 
er will he supplied from the Sultan river falls. The Doctor is president 
of the Behring Sea & Council City Railway, which will run from Nome to 
Council City, a distance of eighty miles. The surveys were completed last 
year, and the construction will be commenced this year, five years being re- 
quired to complete it. The cost of the road will be two million eight hundred 
thousand dollars, and it will tap a country rich in various resources. Dr. 
DeSoto is the owner of the DeSoto Transportation Companv, owning and 
operating the river steamer Aurum and barges between Golovin Bay and 
I ouncil City, a distance of sixty miles. All these enterprises above named 
« on.d attention. 1 lis broad enterprise, his public spirit 
and his great work along charity lines place Dr. DeSoto among the leading 
men of the northv 

HENRY C. DAVIS. 

I he I h been for half a century intimately connected with 

th and pi of Lewis county, il^ members have filled many 

''I th. pul county and state, and they may now be found in 

'"on, walks of life not only bringing credit to themselves hut reflecting 
1 "I"" 1 their community. If ancestry counts for anything in the success 

of men, the mingling of the Welsh and German stocks in this family is cer- 

tainlv an excellenl hei itai 







*S6. (Lt&^^L^ 



W YORK 
labile LlBRARvl 

ASTOR. LENOX AND 

jTlJ.DENFOUN OATr0Ns l 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 49 

The oldest member of the family who was connected with the history of 
this state was Lewis H. Davis, the father of Henry C. He was born in 
Windsor county, Vermont, in 1794, and while in the east he married Susan 
Clinger, a native of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Of this marriage two daugh- 
ters and five sons were born, who are now identified with the interests of 
the state of Washington. With this family Mr. Davis crossed the plains to 
Oregon in 185 1, six months being consumed in the journey which now takes 
less than a week. They remained one year in Portland, Oregon, which was 
then but a village in the midst of the forest. They next came into Lewis 
county and settled at a place called Drew's Mill, near Cowlitz. But Mr. 
Davis, not liking the location, went to Olympia, where he found no suitable 
place, and then returned to where Chehalis now stands, where he met a Mr. 
Sanders, who informed him of a spot which would probably suit him. They 
set out on an Indian trail and reached a beautiful little prairie, shut in by 
strips of green woodland and with the white peaks "of three mountains tower- 
ing aloft, Mount Takhoma (Mount Rainier ). .Mount Adams and Mount 
Hood; here the charm of the scene ; ahd -the fertility of the soil induced Mr. 
Davis to locate, and he entered three hundred and twenty acres, while his 
eldest son, Levi Adrian Davis, took an adjoining half section. After erect- 
ing a sawmill and later a grist mill he proposed to the county to build and 
donate the courthouse if the county seat should be established in this locality. 
This proposition was accepted, and the courthouse was constructed at the 
cost of one thousand dollars. Upon one corner of the lot was placed a tall, 
supple flag-staff, the largest ever raised in the state, the upper section of 
which was arranged to be lowered at need, and the subject of this sketch 
and his sist( r Caroline still recall the fact that they solicited donations with 
which to buy a flag. Here Mr. Davis laid out the town of Claquato, built a 
cozy church and school and constructed many miles of road leading through 
the forests to the town, now called Centralia, formerly called Kookum- 
chuch, and south to where the town of Napavine stands. In every way 
he sought to make it the center of trade and to develop a city of importance 
in the state. But some time after, when the Columbia and Puget Sound 
road was built, the courthouse was removed to Chehalis, and the place for 
which he had worked so hard was deserted, and now only the delightful 
home of our subject marks the spot, surrounded by the trees which the old 
pioneers planted, and the little church is also standing as a monument to the 
zeal and enterprise of its builder. 

Mr. Davis had been a captain in the war of 18 12 and in the Black Hawk 
war, and when the Indian war of 1855-56 threatened he was foremost in 
building a fort for protection : it was constructed one hundred feet square, 
and on the palisade of closely set posts were placed cone-shaped structures 
from which the sides of the fort could be raked by the guns. One night Mr. 
Davis and one of his sons were sent to Olympia to secure ammunition, and 
they made the trip safely. He used his influence in keeping the settlers in 
the fort during the war and in inspiring them with confidence, and he was 
thus an important factor in the war. By order of Governor Stevens he also 
conducted a block-house at Centralia. General McLetlan, Governor Slovens. 
Halleck, Sheridan, Grant, and all the young military officers often stopped 



50 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

and enjoyed Mr. Davis' generous hospitality, and he was much esteemed for 
his integrity and bravery. He continued to operate his mill until his death, 
and he passed away in the seventieth year of his life, in 1864; his wife died 
in her seventy-second year. Before detailing the life of the immediate sub- 
ject of this sketch a short account of the other children would be interesting. 

The eldest son. Levi Adrian, and his brothers, were engaged in milling 
and ran a stage from Olympia to Monticello. He assisted his father in all 
his pioneer enterprises and shared in much of the credit due to those under- 
takings. He resided in Claquato until 1888 and afterward for some years at 
Cora, near Mount Tacoma; he conducted the postoffice there and named the 
town in honor of his niece, Cora Ferguson. On March 8, 1854, he married 
Mary Jane King and they had four sons and two daughters. He died Octo- 
ber 1, 1 90 1, aged sixty years, and, like his father, was one of the esteemed 
men of the state. He had been elected to the state legislature and was a 
member of the Republican national convention which met at Indianapolis and 
nominated Benjamin Harrison for the presidency. He was also county com- 
missioner for several terms. 

The daughter, Melinda Browning, has also passed away. The second 
son, Austin Davis, was a farmer and was connected with his father in the 
pioneer work, being the first postmaster of Claquato and filling the office of 
treasurer of the county; he died June 16. 1892, in his fifty-fifth year, and be 
left a wife, three sons and a daughter. The third son, who was named 
William Henry Harrison Davis because of bis father's admiration for Gen- 
eral Harrison, was a farmer and died May 6, 1901. The daughter, Caro- 
line E., became tin- wife of Javen Hall. The youngest son, Luther Tower 
Davis, was bom at Fort Wayne, Indiana, in 1848, crossed the plains when 
threi years old and was reared and educated in Lewis county; he is married 
and has one child and resides in South Tacoma. 

Henry C. Davis, who is the son of Lewis H. Davis, was born at Fort 
Wayne, Indiana, Jul) iJ. 1815. and was only five years old when his parents 
made their long trip across the plains. He was educated in the public schools 
of Lewis county, and the scenes of pioneer life made a vivid impression upon 
his young mind. When old enough to work he assisted in the farm work, 
and after his father's death followed various occupations until 1878, when 
he removed to Tacoma and engaged in (lie drug business in partnership with 
Dr. H. C. Bostwick. They suffered severe losses by fire, being burned out 
three times, and Mr. Davis then quit the business. He built the first three- 
story brick block in Tacoma, and he still owns this property, which pays him 
handsome profits in rent. lie was elected treasurer of Tacoma and served 
for three wars. In 1888 he returned to his farm at Claquato. For many 
years Mr. Davis has been interested in the anthracite coal mines at the head 
waters of the Cowlitz river, where are situated the purest veins of anthracite 
coal in the state or in the west, and this is destined to develop into a very 
valuable property. Mr. Davis donated five acres of land at Claquato to the 
tndepi Order of Odd Fellows Cemetery. This land was Worth one 

hundt ed di 'liars per ... 

In [889 Mi'. Davis was married to Miss [,1a Scott, a native of the state 
"i Pennsylvania; Mrs. Caroline Scott Harrison, the wife of President Harri- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 51 

son, was her father's cousin. Two children were born to them on the old 
homestead at Claquato, Ethel Lillian and Donald Jerome. Mr. and Mrs. 
Davis are members of the Presbyterian church and very deservedly rank 
among the foremost citizens of the county, where Mr. Davis has been reared 
and has spent his entire life in the active prosecution of many private and 
public enterprises. 

JAMES KNOX. 

On the list of federal officers in the state of Washington appears the 
name of James Knox, who is now serving as United States shipping commis- 
sioner for the Puget Sound district. The country would be fortunate if all 
of its public offices were filled by men of such known ability, patriotism and 
practical business sense. All three qualities are essential to the officer of 
worth, and in none of these is Mr. Knox lacking. 

A native of Peoria, Illinois, he was born April 2, 1855, and is a son of 
James and Elizabeth (Johnston) Knox, both of whom were natives of New 
York. The father went to Illinois in 1835, locating in the town of Knox 
in Knox county. That name was bestowed in honor of his uncle, Hon. James 
Knox, who was at one time a member of Congress from Illinois in the early 
clays. The maternal grandfather and grandmother of our subject were born 
in Ireland and Mr. Knox's father was also of Irish descent. The father was 
a successful man, who prospered in his undertakings and left to his family 
a moderate estate. He died before the birth of our subject, and the mother 
is still living and now makes her home in San Jose, California. 

James Knox obtained his education in Knox College at Galesburg, 
Illinois, and in Racine College, of Wisconsin. When he had finished his 
school life he engaged in the stock business in Knox county, where he re- 
mained for a year and a half. He was then married to Miss Bessie Fuller, 
of New- London, Connecticut, and the young couple started for the west. 
They located in Eldorado, Butler county, Kansas, where Mr. Knox became 
extensively engaged in dealing in fine stock. He was the first man to intro- 
duce pedigreed Durham cattle and Poland China hogs into that county, and 
in his operations he was very successful. After a four years' residence in 
Eldorado, however, he came to the Puget Sound country in 1879. locating 
in Puyallup, Pierce county. At that time the development of the trans- 
continental railroad had just begun at this end of the land, and Mr. Knox's 
first enterprise was to secure the contract for supplying meats for the railroad 
contractors and their men. He was engaged in this business on a large scale, 
and from that time until 1895 was extensively interested in live-stock and 
irrigation and other development enterprises of this section of the state. He 
also served as mayor of the town of Puyallup. and his public service and pri- 
vate endeavors proved of much benefit to the place in which he made his home. 
In 1895 Mr. Knox removed to Tacoma, where he became connected with 
the St. Paul & Tacoma Lumber Company as an outside man. For three 
years he occupied that position, and in 1899 received the appointment of 
United States shipping commissioner under the treasury department for the 
Puget Sound district. His jurisdiction extends over the shipping ports of 
Puget Sound and Gray's harbor, and he has a deputy stationed at each port. 



5l< HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

The duties of this office are of a responsible and complex nature. That Mr. 
Knox has been expert in his work and is thoroughly familiar with the many 
important details of the position goes to show how quickly the average western 
man adapts himself to different occupations and duties. 

When Mr. Knox has been interested in political affairs and a factor in 
political circles he has always met with the same success as has attended him 
in his business ventures. In the senatorial contest of 1899 his labors were 
largely effective in bringing about the election of Addison G. Foster, vice 
president of the St. Paul & Tacoma Lumber Company, with which our sub- 
ject has been connected. He is a large man of almost limitless energy, is 
liberal, broad-minded and of a free and easy disposition. He has a nice 
home in Tacoma at 1902 South J street. To him and his wife have been 
born four children: James 'Ward, Elizabeth Miller, Jane Anne and Sara E. 

Mr. Knox is an excellent type of an American citizen. Manliness, pa- 
triotism, sincerity and friendship are instinctively associated with his name. 
The common testimony of him is that he is a man of remarkable sagacity, a 
quality in the human mind that we can scarcely overestimate, in business and 
in many relations of life. Washington has profited by his efforts in her 
behalf. and in public office he is now proving a capable and reliable official. 

ARTHUR J. WEISBACH. 

During the revolutions and political disturbances in Germany in 1848, 
when the conditions imposed upon the private citizen were almost intoler- 
able and freedom of conscience seemed almost impossible, thousands of 
native Germans left their fatherland and sought relief in other lands, princi- 
pally America. These emigrants consisted of the very flower of the popula- 
tion, and were men of sturdy character and noble purposes, entirely free from 
the taint which adheres to a later class of emigrants, and were destined to 
amalgamate and form one of the very best parts of American citizenship. 

One of these was Jacob Weisbach, who, on his arrival in this country, 
came to what was then an almost wild and unknown country, eastern 
Kansas. lie became a merchant in Marysville, and obtained his goods by 
means of tin- old freighl and express conveyances of the clay. He was very 
prosperous and became prominent not only in his own community but in the 
-talc at large, being a member of the legislature and the incumbent of other 
important positions. During the Indian outbreaks of the sixties he joined 
a home company, anil thus had experience as a frontier soldier. He re- 
mained in Marysville for a number of years, but in 1881 he determined to 
keep on the advancing wave of civilization by going to the extreme west. 
Tacoma was then onlj a small village and almost unheard of in the outer 
world, but Mr. Weisbach. after disposing of his interests in Kansas, estab- 
lished a mercantile business here, and repeated his former success. He soon 
tool a prominenl part in the affairs of the city, was elected a member of 
iIm' 1 itv council and in iSS^ was made mayor. In November of that year he 
was chairman of tin- committee of fifteen which was organized to cope with 
the Chinese riots and exclude these undesirables from the city. Mr. Weis- 
bach's splendid executive ability in that crisis is a lasting record in the history 
of the city, and is still spoken of by the "old-timers." But in 1887 he retired 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 53 

from his long and active career, and two years later he died, leaving behind 
a beautiful memorial of a useful and honorable public and private life. 

Of the different members of Hon. Jacob Weisbach's family, mention 
should be made of Professor Robert Weisbach, a foremost musician of Ta- 
coma, and of his sister, Mrs. O. J. H. Swift, wife of the Deputy United States 
Shipping Commissioner at Tacoma. 

The remaining child is Captain Arthur J. Weisbach, who was born in 
Marysville, Kansas, in 1867. He received his education in his native place, 
and in St. Joseph, Missouri, where he lived for about ten years of his youth. 
He was an independent lad and never relied on his father's success for help, 
but made his way by his own efforts. When he was twenty years old he 
decided to come out to the country where his father had located, and arrived 
here in the spring of 1887. He was engaged in various occupations until 
1897, when he secured a position as clerk in the land department of the North- 
ern Pacific Railway at Tacoma, and in March, 1901, was promoted to his 
present responsible position, that of chief clerk of the department. He took 
an active interest in the organization of the Washington militia, and is now 
the captain of Company A, First Infantry, of the Washington National 
Guard. He is also a very popular man in both business and social circles. 

SAMUEL C. SLAUGHTER. 

Samuel C. Slaughter, who is engaged in the real estate business in 
Tacoma, was born in Culpeper county, Virginia, in 1848, and comes of an 
ancestry honorable and distinguished in the south. His parents were Dr. 
Philip C. and Mary (McDowell) Slaughter, the latter of Scotch ancestry. 
The paternal ancestry was represented by valiant soldiers in the Revolution- 
ary war. Dr. Philip C. Slaughter was born in Virginia and there spent his 
entire life, his death occurring in Culpeper county. His family was a very 
old one in that region, and was of Welsh origin, the progenitors of the 
Slaughters in America having taken up their abode in the Old Dominion in 
1620. Dr. Slaughter served as a surgeon in the Confederate army in the 
Civil war, and was made chief surgeon at Camp Lee during the presidency of 
Jefferson Davis. His cousin, General James E. Slaughter, was a classmate 
of Genera! Grant at West Point and was in command of the Confederate 
forces on the Rio Grande river in the Civil war. General H. G. Wright of 
the Sixth Army Corps was a relative of Dr. Slaughter, as was also General 
Bradford, while General McDowell, prominent at the battle of Bull Run, and 
( ieneral Ord were relatives of Mrs. Slaughter, the mother of our subject. 

In taking up the personal history of Samuel C. Slaughter we present to 
our readers the life record of one who is widely and favorably known in 
Tacoma. He was reared in Culpeper county and there obtained his educa- 
tion. After attaining his majority he went to New York city, where he 
entered business life, and remained for more than fifteen years as a member 
of the well known banking firm of Norton, Slaughter & Company, which did 
business at 41 Broad street. For the past twenty years Mr. Slaughter has 
been a prominent resident of Tacoma, and has here engaged in real estate 
operations. Since coming to Washington in 1882 he has been one of the 



5J HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

most progressive and enterprising citizens of this portion of the state, closely 
identified with its development, upbuilding and material progress. He is 
now one oi the few remaining pioneer real estate men of the state of Wash- 
ington. What is now known as the central addition to Tacoma, bounded by 
South Ninth, K and M streets, and Sixth avenue, was at the time of his arrival 
Mth the forest trees of gigantic growth which sheltered the Indians 
ere the advent of the white men into this section of the country. Now this 
district is covered with some of the handsome homes of civilization. One 
of the first lots that Mr. Slaughter sold at that early date is situated on Pacific 
avenue at the corner of Eleventh street, known as the Pincus & Packsher 

■ rty, and is now one of the most prominent business corners in Tacoma. 
It was sold to Colonel Harbine, of Nebraska, the father-in-law of Judge 
Snell, for twelve thousand live hundred dollars, and upon it is located the 

Fie National Bank. This property was recently purchased by Miles C. 
Moore, of Walla Walla, for one hundred thousand dollars. After the finan- 
cial depression of [883-4-5 local realty was again very low, and Mr. Slaughter 
recalls that another lot on Pacific avenue was sold by Dr. H. C. Bostwick to 
Dickson Brothers as a location for their clothing store for the sum of six 
and dollars. Many now well known landmarks passed through Mr. 
Slaughter's hands in those days, and few real estate agents of the city have 
handled so much property or negotiated so many important realty transfers, 
lie is still in the business under the firm name of S. C. Slaughter & Com- 
pany, at [09 South Ninth street, where he is always ready to welcome his 
own friends and customers, lie has as firm faith in the future of the city as 
he always had, and his belief in Tacoma has been well founded, for its ad- 
vancement has been marked and its growth continuous. 

Mr. Slaughter was united in marriage in San Francisco, in 1889, to 
Miss Julia C. Widgery, and for a number of years she has been a most 
prominent factor in social circles and in public interests in Tacoma and the 

thwest. She was born iii Essex, Devonshire, England, the daughter of 

a well known artist. She represented Washington as a member of the board 
of lady managers of the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 1893. 
She also organized and was the president of the Washington State Co-opera- 
tive : the purpose of which is to encourage the patronage of home 
industries, and was the means of doing a great deal of good in that respect. 
She is now a member of the board of trustees of the Ferry Museum, Ta- 
coma's most notable public institution, and is the only woman on that board. 
Both Mi. and Mrs. Slaughter enjoy the high respect and warm friendship of 
the mosl prominent pe pl< ol racoma and this section of the state, and are 

rded as valued additions to the social functions here held. That Mr. 
Slaughter is personally popular and enjoys the high regard of his fellow- 
townsmen is indicated by the fact that he was elected by popular suffrage in 
\|nil. [892, to the position of city comptroller, and was the only successful 
Democral on the ticket. Public spirited and progressive, since coming to 
the northwest he has co operated in ev< r) measure for the general good, and 
his influence and labors have been a marked factor in the improvement and 
the city. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 55 

ALBERT H. KUHN. 

Mr. Kuhn is the superintendent of the Hoquiam Lumber ami Shingle 
Company, and the history of his family connections and of his business career 
will form an interesting chapter in the annals of Puget Sound. His father 
was Henry Kuhn, a native of Switzerland, and of French and German 
origin. At the age of fourteen he left home, and after living in France for 
a time came to the United States, finally taking up his permanent residence 
in Wisconsin. He was a prosperous farmer of that state till his death, which 
occurred at his home near Oshkosh in 1900. After he had come to Wis- 
consin, Henry Kuhn married Soloma Wellauer, who was also of German 
ancestry and a native of Switzerland, coming to this country when a young 
lady. She was a sister of Jacob Wellauer, of Milwaukee, a wealthy and 
prominent citizen of that place, and at one time owner of nearly one-half the 
land of the city. Mrs. Kuhn died at Oshkosh in 1902. 

Albert H. Kuhn was born at Waukesha, Wisconsin, in i860, but when 
an infant was taken by his parents to a farm near Oshkosh, where he grew 
to manhood and received a good education. After finishing at the State 
Normal School at Oshkosh he taught for a year at Dale. In the meantime he 
had learned telegraphy, and when his school year was over he went to Chicago 
and secured a position as operator with the Western Union. He was next 
a railroad operator and was appointed agent at Fridley, Minnesota, for the 
St. Paul, Minneapolis and Manitoba Railroad, afterward the Great Northern. 
In 1881 he became agent for the Northern Pacific at Medora. Dakota, and 
was there during the trouble between the Marquis de Mores and the cattle 
men, being the chief witness for the state in the murder trial of the Marquis. 
Roosevelt was there on his ranch during the summer. 

In 1883 Mr. Kuhn came to the Pacific coast, and made one trip from 
San Francisco to Australia as a sailor, but in 1884 he came to Hoquiam, 
Washington, where he has made his home ever since. He became engaged 
in lumbering, and for eighteen years was foreman of the logging and all 
outside work of the Northwestern Lumber Company. He was an interested 
party in the formation of the Hoquiam Lumber and Shingle Company, and 
early in 1902 he designed and built for that company a shingle mill which is 
pronounced by experts to be the finest mill of the kind in the northwest, as it 
cuts more and better shingles and more cheaply than any other mill in this 
region. Mr. Kuhn is superintendent of this plant, and is now engaged in 
building for the same company a large lumber mill which he will also operate. 
These interests now form Mr. Kuhn's principal business. 

In 1900 Mr. Kuhn was married to Mrs. Ida Soule Howes, of Hoquiam. 
Mrs. Kuhn organized and is regent of the Robert Gray Chapter of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, and is a member of the Society of 
Mayflower descendants. From these connections it will be inferred that 
Mrs. Kuhn has a line of famous ancestors, and the following paragraphs will 
be devoted to them. 

This branch of the Soule family traces its authenticated ancestry with- 
out a single break through Constant South worth back to Childric, King of the 
Franks, born in 458. The line comes down through Charlemagne; his de- 
scendant, Louis IV. of France called "D'Outremer" ; his descendant, Robert 



50 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

de Bellomont, who was associated with William the Conqueror in the in- 
vasion of England, and was created the first Earl of Leicester. He was de- 
fended on Ins mother's side from Alfred the Great of England. There were 
many succeeding Earls of Leicester in the Bellomont name whose wives were 
of the ducal houses of Pembroke, Hertford, Gloucester, Winchester, Norfolk, 
March, Salisbury, etc. The line then comes down through females to Lady 
[sabell de Dutton, who married Sir Christopher Southworth, of Salmesbury, 
in 1465. From them was descended Constant Southworth, whose grand- 
daughter Men hworth married Moses Soule, grandson of George Soule, 
a passenger on the Mayflower, and thirty-fifth signer of the famous "Com- 
pact.' - Mercy Southworth was also a great-granddaughter of John Alden 
and Priscilla Mullens. Seven of the Southworth ancestors were signers of 
the Magna Charta, four were among the founders of the Order of the Garter, 
and one, William Marshal, third Earl of Pembroke, was Lord Protector of 
the Realm during the minority of King Henry III. of England. Another 
ancestor, Ralph de Stanley, second Baron Stafford, had a principal command 
al Cressy. 

Barnabas Soule, grandson of Moses and Mercy, founded the Soule ship- 
yards at Freeport, Maine, one of the oldest in the country and in active opera- 
tion up to a few years ago, twelve of the Soule ships being now in commis- 
sion on the Pacific coast. Nearly all the descendants of Barnabas have been 
engaged either in shipbuilding or in seafaring life. His son Thomas was 
captain of their privateer Fairplay in the war of 1812, and was captured by 
the British and confined in Dartmoor prison. Joseph, the son of Thomas 
Soule, was horn in Freeport, Maine, and was descended, through his mother, 
Sallie Follansbee, from David and Daniel Currier, of Amesbury, Massa- 
chusetts, father and son, who were patriots in the Revolutionary war. Joseph 
Soule continued in the shipbuilding business for many years. He made a 
trip to ( alifornia in one of the family ships in 1852, and a few years later 
moved from Maine to Illinois, where he engaged extensively in the manu- 
facturing of Farm machinery, which he continued until 1879, when he located 
in < alifornia. In 1885 he removed with his family to Hoquiam on Gray's 
Harbor, but again returned to the east and died in New York in 1900. His 

I) all reside in 1 loquiam. 

Joseph Soule married Miss Frances Fensley, now living at Hoquiam, 
who is a line, intellectual and well preserved woman. She is a direct de- 
scendanl of General Schuyler 0,1" Revolutionary fame; of John Folsom of 

mouth, Xew Hampshire, another patriot and an ancestor also of Mrs. 
Grove: l li /eland, and, on her mother's side, from Sir Robbie Murray of 
Stirling, Scotland, and Timothy Pickering, Washington's secretary of state. 

In the collateral branches of the Soule family are some interesting char- 
acters, among them I" despotic Rev. John Wheelwright, brother of 
Mrs. \nne Hutchinson, and the founder during his enforced exile from 
colon) of Wells, Maine, and Essex, Xew Hampshire; the Rev. 
(he saintrj founder of I oncord, Massachusetts; Major Robert 
Pike, the famous lawyer and Indian lighter, who saved many an old woman 

. and who was one of the founders of 
Salisbury, Massachusetts; and the above mentioned Constant Southworth, 

n of Governor Bradford, who came to the country in 1628. During 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 57 

his long life he held many important offices in Plymouth colony, being deputy 
governor for twenty-two years, treasurer for sixteen years and commissary 
general during King Philip's war. 

Mrs. Kuhn is one of the children of Joseph and Frances Soule, the others 
being John Fensley Soule, secretary of the Northwestern Lumber Company ; 
Mrs. Sarah Soule McMillan, Captain Thomas Soule and Mrs. Josiah Onslow 
Stearns, all of Hoquiam. 

ZACHARY T. WILSON. 

James Harvey Wilson was a native of Ohio, and by occupation was a 
farmer and also a railroad contractor. About 1874 he removed with his 
family to northwestern Missouri, locating near St. Joseph, where he died in 
1875. He married Henrietta Melick, who has survived him and resides in 
Dekalb county, Missouri. 

Before this worth)' couple had left their home at Lancaster, Ohio, their 
son Zachary T. was born to them, in 1850. A part of his boyhood was spent 
on a farm, where he grew up strong and vigorous. He was large for his age, 
and, taking advantage of this fact, during the last year of the Civil war, he 
tried three times to enlist, and would have succeeded in spite of his age, had 
his father not taken him out. But the soldier instinct was so strong in him, 
that, failing to gain permission to enlist in the regular army, he joined the 
artillery branch of the Ohio Home Guards, and had charge of a gun at 
Camp Chase for three months. While in performance of duties connected 
with this position he yielded to one of the powerful impulses of boys and 
chipped his name on the gun, which will remain as a lasting memorial of 
his "soldiering," since this now antiquated piece of artillery is preserved on 
the grounds of the state arsenal at Columbus, Ohio. Mr. Wilson afterward 
finished his education at Union Academy at Fairfield. Ohio, where he was 
graduated in 1870. 

On leaving home he became an employe of a large grain firm at Win- 
chester, Ohio. He later taught school in Fairfield county, and when he re- 
moved with the family to Missouri he became principal of a school in thai 
section. But in 188 1 he gave up school teaching" and set out for the territory 
of Washington. For the following ten years he was in the mercantile busi- 
ness at Walla Walla, and then came to the Gray's Harbor district, locating 
first at the town of Gray's Harbor, which, however, was a place of mushroom 
growth and soon withered out of existence. In 1892 he established his resi- 
dence at Hoquiam, where he has remained ever since. For the six years 
following his location here he was connected with the E. K. Wood Lumber 
Company, a part of which time he had charge of their general store. Since 
leaving the lumber company he has been employed in various capacities, gen- 
erally as a bookkeeper, until December, 1901. when he was elected city clerk 
of Hoquiam, and was re-elected a year later. Besides attending to the faith- 
ful discharge of the duties of this office, he conducts a real estate business and 
is meeting with increasing success. 

Mr. Wilson has four children by his two marriages. His first wife was 
Helen Perry, to whom he was married at St. Joseph, Missouri, in 1878; she 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

was a native of northwestern Pennsylvania and was a member of the Commo- 
dore Perry branch of the family of that name. The three children of this 
union are Fannie M., Chester A. and Agnes. Mr. Wilson's present wife is 
Beatrice (Hamilton) Wilson, to whom he was married at Hoquiam. They 
have a son by the name of Winfkld D. Mr. Wilson is a firm believer in 
Republican principles and policies, and it was on the ticket of that party that 
he was elected to his present position. 

MARK H. DRAHAM. 

The above named gentleman, who occupies a very prominent position in 
connection with the lumber interests of Washington, has been engaged in 
this line of business all his life. From earliest boyhood he has been familiar 
with the sights and scenes of logging camps, the stubborn oxen pulling their 
lumber loads, the resounding blows of the ax, the busy whirr of the saw, the 
shouts and oaths of the drivers, the loud explosions that shake the earth 
when some monarch of the forest topples to the earth with a tremendous 
crash. He understands this vast industry in every detail, from the first 
stroke of the ax or saw at the base of the tree to the business of financing a 
great corporation with an enormous capital to manufacture and handle 
lumber on a vast scale. It has been his fortune to be engaged in this busi- 
ness in many states and in widely different sections of the Union, from the 
upper Atlantic coast to the magnificent forests that border on Puget Sound. 
Mr. Draham first smelled the odors of pine in the woods of Maine, but his 
ancestors, who were of Irish origin, had previously settled in Massachusetts. 

Lawrence Draham, who was born in the last mentioned state, was a 
man of bold spirit and adventurous disposition. He joined the "forty- 
niners" in the middle of the century and went to California in the wild rush 
for gold. Ten vears later he joined the Union army and served with courage 
and fidelity until the close of hostilities. This veteran, now no more, was 
married in early manhood to Alary I'lunkct and had a family of eleven chil- 
dren, of whom eighl are living, and three are residents of Washington. Mrs. 
Dell Roger-, one of the daughters, resides at Omaha. 

Mark 11. Draham, one of the sons who came to Washington, was born 
in Maine in 1S5S, and remained there until early manhood. At the age of 
Fourteen he was compelled to make his own living, and the stimulus of 
poverty, connected with energy and industry, enabled him in a comparatively 
short period to rise several rungs on the ladder of success. With his boyish 
experience- in the pineries of Maine as practically his only capital he came 
to Washington in (877, and soon he became active in the lumber industry of 
that -tate. Locating at Shelton, he took stock in the Mason County Logging 
1 ompany, hut later disposed of this interest for the purpose of organizing the 
company with which he has since been so conspicuously identified. This or- 
ganization, known as the Western Washington Logging Company, is one 
of the most important of its kind iii the state. It controls nearly all the 
timbered lands along the line of the Shelton & Southwestern Railway, a dis- 
tance oi over iwent\ miles, owns live thousand acres of timber, employs 
litv men, and their annual output is over twenty live million feet of lumber. 



tITFnewTorF i 



ASTOR LBNOX AND 
lI.D ENP or,NDArrON S l 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 50 

All the logs are shipped to the bay and towed to the different mills on the 
Sound. Mr. Draham is president of the company, and his brother, G. \Y. 
Draham, is the secretary, while W. H. Kneeland, the vice president and treas- 
urer, is also owner of the railroad above mentioned. The officials and 
owners are all men of fine business ability and high standing in financial cir- 
cles and thoroughly experienced concerning everything connected with lum- 
ber industry. This is especially true of Dr. Draham himself, whose life-long 
training, united with broad business views, makes him a very valuable man 
for the company of which he is the executive head. 

Mr. Draham's social relations are in keeping with his business qualifica- 
tions and make him, both as man and citizen, one of the favorites among 
the people with whom he has cast his lot. He accepted election to the Shelton 
city council for the purpose of being able to push forward improvements and 
bring about repairs that would make the capital of Mason county one of the 
model towns of the Puget Sound country. In 1890 Mr. Draham was mar- 
ried to Miss Margaret Marshall, a lady of Canadian birth and English an- 
cestry, by whom he has a daughter named Margery'. Mr. Draham acts politi- 
cally with the Republican party, and holds fraternal relations with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

HON. CHARLES E. COON. 

Hon. Charles E. Coon, president of the Port Townsend Mercantile Com- 
pany, mayor and president of the Chamber of Commerce of Port Townsend, 
was born at Friendship, Allegany county, New York, in 1842, and is a son 
of Arthur A. and Emeline (Evarts) Coon, the latter of whom was a grand- 
daughter of Brigadier General Gideon Brownson, commander of a brigade 
of "Green Mountain Boys" in the Revolutionary war. Hon. William M. 
Evarts belonged to the same family. The maternal ancestry is English, 
while the paternal is Scotch. 

Charles E. Coon, whose services as a statesman have distinguished him, 
received only a common school education. On April 24, 1861, at the age of 
eighteen years, he enlisted in the Twenty-third New York Volunteer Infantry, 
serving in the Army of the Potomac until 1863, when he became chief clerk 
and deputy provost marshal of the Twenty-seventh Congressional district 
(his own) in New York. In 1864, on coming out of the army, he was given 
a position in the office of the United States treasurer, at Washington, and 
from thence, for a long number of years, his life was a story of promotions 
and success in the government service, until he became assistant secretary of 
the treasury, under President Arthur. He served in different capacities in 
the treasurer's office and was finally transferred to the office of the secretary. 

In 1871 Mr. Coon was selected as one of the staff of Hon. William A. 
Richardson, assistant secretary of the treasury, on a mission the purpose of 
which was to refund the United States bonded debt. He was engaged in 
this work almost continuously for ten years, making ten trips back and forth 
between the two countries. At first he was assistant funding agent, but later 
became agent in charge. It has been computed that, during all this time, 
the money and securities passing through his hands amounted to one thousand 
million dollars. 



60 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Mr. Coon was in the office of the secretary of the treasury when Secretary 
John Sherman brought about the resumption of specie payments. By Mr. 
Sherman's direction he prepared an exhaustive report to Congress, which 
was published under the title of "Refunding and Resumption of Specie Pay- 
ments." The last notable service performed by Mr. Coon was at the outset 
of the Garfield administration, when a disturbance of the balance of trade 
was threatened by the return from abroad of a large amount of United States 
bonds, about to fall due. He proffered his services to Secretary Windom 
and expressed the opinion that he could exchange these bonds in Europe for 
long-term bonds bearing a lower rate of interest. He was given authority 
to show what he could do in this line, and accordingly he went to London, 
with one clerk, mainly at his own expense, and through his acquaintance with 
financiers over there, both in England and on the continent, succeeded in 
refunding seventy-five million dollars of these bond-holdings into four per 
cenl. bonds. The saving in interest was enormous, and Congress reimbursed 
him for all expenses incurred. 

In April, 1884, Mr. Coon was selected by President Arthur to be assist- 
ant secretary of the treasury, and he was immediately confirmed by the senate, 
a promotion that was very gratifying to Mr. Coon, as a suitable recognition 
of his abilities and long service. After Charles J. Folger's death, and until 
his successor was appointed, he was designated as acting secretary. When 
the Cleveland administration took hold in 1885, Mr. Coon, although a Repub- 
lican, was requested to remain, and served under President Cleveland foi 
nine months, when he resigned. His continuous service in the treasury de- 
partment lasted from Salmon P. Chase, in 1864, to Daniel Manning, in 1885. 
lie was widely known as an authority on matters in connection with fiscal 
operations of the government, and the newspapers in those days made con- 
stant use of him as a source of information and as an authority on govern- 
ment finance. Although a strong Republican, it should be stated that Colonel 
(nun wuii bis promotions solely on merit, and on account of his hard work, 
knowledge and ability. Alter coming out of the treasury department, in 
[888, be was nominated for Congress from the tenth congressional district 
of New York, which was hopelessly Democratic. Although defeated by 
General Daniel P. Sickles, Mr. Coon ran one thousand votes ahead of Benja- 
min Harrison, the presidential candidate. 

Mr. Coon continued to live in New York until 1895, when he came on 
a visit to bis niece at Tacoma, and was so favorably impressed with the Puget 
Sound country that he decided to remain here and go into business. In 1897 
he located permanently at Port Townsendj establishing the Port Townsend 
Mercantile Company, of which lie is president. This is a wholesale and retail 
grocery and ship supply house, and does a large business. He is president 
ol the Chamber of Commerce of Port Townsend. having been re-elected to 
that position four times. In December, 1901, be was elected mayor, and in 
I (ecember, 1902, he was again elected, for another year, receiving all the 
\i ites cast. 

Mr. Coon was one of the first members of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public when it was organized at Washington, and was a member of Burnside 
I 'list in that city until 1901, when be transferred his membership to the Port 
Townsend post, lie also belongs to the Society of the Army of the Potomac 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 61 

and to the Union Soldiers' Alliance, is a prominent Mason and is a member 
of the Masonic Veterans' Association of Washington city. His member- 
ship is also a prominent and valued one in local Elk circles and in the Society 
of the Sons of the Revolution, in New York city. He is locally known as 
Colonel Coon. 

WILLIAM A. FAIRWEATHER. 

When the present site of the city of Tacoma was largely covered with 
forest trees that stood in their primeval strength, William A. Fairweather 
made his way to this section of the country, and through the intervening years 
he has watched with interest the progress and development here, and has 
contributed in no small degree to the growth and improvement of this section 
of the state. He is now serving as deputy collector of United States customs 
in charge of the port of Tacoma, and all who are at all familiar with his life 
know that in the discharge of his duties he will ever prove faithful, prompt 
and reliable. 

Mr. Fairweather was born at St. John, New Brunswick, in 1853, a son 
of Peter and Elizabeth Fairweather. The father belonged to an old New 
Brunswick family of Scotch descent and was born in Essex county, New 
York, where the family was residing at that time. Later, however, the 
parents returned to New Brunswick, where Peter Fairweather spent his re- 
maining days. H. W. Fairweather, a brother of our subject, is a prominent 
citizen of Spokane, where for a number of years he has been engaged in the 
banking business. He came to the northwest in 1871 as a representative of 
railroad interests, and was finally made auditor and general freight and pas- 
senger agent of the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company at Portland, 
filling that position until he resigned in order to engage in banking east of 
the mountains. 

William A. Fairweather spent the first sixteen years of his life in his 
parents' home, and then left New Brunswick, going to Nashua, New Hamp 
shire, in order to finish his education. On putting aside his text-books he 
became connected with the Underbill Edge Tool Company of Nashua, and 
was thus employed for a number of years. In 1873, however, he left the old 
Granite state and came to the Pacific coast by way of the Isthmus of Panama. 
Eventually he arrived at San Francisco and there he took passage on the 
old steamer John L. Stevens bound for Portland. On reaching his destina- 
tion he entered the employ of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, which 
had just completed its line from Portland north to Tacoma. For a time he 
was located at Kalama, but in 1875 he came to Tacoma. becoming one of the 
first settlers here. The future city was yet in its infancy and gave little 
promise of speedy development or rapid growth. Where are now seen line 
business blocks stood forest trees, and the most far-sighted could scarcely 
have dreamed of the marvelous changes which were soon to occur. Mr. 
Fairweather remained at Tacoma for about four years, and in 1879 crossed 
the Cascade mountains and established the first store in the new (own of 
Ainsworth on the Snake river. Subsequently he engaged in general mer- 
chandising at Sprague, and, thus connected with different business enter- 
prises, his absence from Tacoma covered ten years. In [886 lie served as 
mayor of Sprague and was elected to other local offices in that place. 



62 " HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

On returning to Tacoma Mr. Fairweather became an active factor in 
business and political circles here. He was elected on the Republican ticket 
to the office of clerk of Pierce county for a term of two years, and in May, 
1899, lie was appointed deputy collector of customs for the Puget Sound 
district in charge of the port of Tacoma. This is an important office, for 
the import business at Tacoma has already assumed vast proportions and 
the work requires the services of a number of collectors and inspectors, who 
discharge their duties under the guidance of Mr. Fairweather. He has the 
business of the office well in hand, and is prompt and faithful in the execu- 
tion of every duty which devolves upon him. 

In [88] was celebrated the marriage of William A. Fairweather and 
Miss Annie Myers, the wedding taking place in Oregon City, Oregon. The 
lady is a daughter of the Hon. John Myers, who was a member of the 
Oregon legislature for twelve years and served as United States marshal 
under President Cleveland's administration. The home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Fairweather has been blessed with four children: Eva, Allen M., John and 
Frances. They reside at 31 10 North Twenty-fourth street. Mr. Fair- 
weather is a prominent Mason and for five years served as master of the 
e at Sprague. He is a past grand master of the state of Washington 
and also a past grand priest of the Royal Arch chapter of the state. His 
knowledge of Masonry is broad and comprehensive, and his life has been in 
harmony with the teachings and the benevolent spirit of the craft. In politics 
he has also been long and deeply interested, and he takes an active and ef- 
fective part in promoting the growth and welfare of the Republican party. 
' lc has served as chairman of campaign committees, and his labors have been 
so directed as to produce good results. As a pioneer settler of the northwest 
Mr. Fairweather certainly deserves representation in this volume, and, more- 
over, be is entitled to honorable mention because of his activity in business 
affairs, his patriotic devotion to the principles in which he believes, and his 
earnest efforts for the welfare and progress of Tacoma and the state of 
Washington. 

ARTHUR NEEDHAM. 

In all heavily wooded countries where lumbering is an important in- 
dustry there is a class of men known as cruisers, who are factors of moment. 
The business of the cruiser, or estimator, is to go through the forests, care- 
fully inspect the growing timber and be able to report as to the quantity as 
well as quality, the amount growing on a specified area of acres and other 
information to be used by purchasers. It takes a man of long experience 
and natural ability to do this work with the accuracy required, while it is of 
the utmost importance to those intending to buy large quantities of timber 
that they should be able to form some estimate of what it is worth. One of 
these experts can tell at a glance all about a tree — its probable age. its sound- 
ness or unsoundness, the particular botanical group to which it belongs, its 

it and si/e. and everything else that a man about to buy would be de- 
irou of knowing before purchasing, Thus the work of these experts 
; regular business, or perhaps profession would be a better name 

lor it, as it requires educated skill of a high order. This subject is men- 
tioned here because Mr. Needham, of whom this biography treats, was once 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 03 

in this business of "spying" out the forests and reporting to his employers 
as to their timber supply. He was formerly in the employment of the cor- 
poration now known as the Peninsular Railroad Company, and after five 
years' service he was made superintendent of building and operating. Sub- 
sequent to this he was engaged to do the work which has been sufficiently 
described above. 

Arthur Needham is of English nativity, his birth having occurred at 
Sheffield, February 5, 1859. In 1868, when he was nine years old, the boy 
was brought to America and placed in charge of friends at Saginaw, Michi- 
gan, to be educated. He grew to manhood in this city, and, as it was the 
center of a large lumbering industry, his attention was naturally turned in 
that direction as he grew toward manhood. When, in 1883, he removed to 
Washington he found himself in another lumber state with enormous capital 
and scores of thousands of men employed in the various branches of the 
business. Mr. Needham, as stated, became connected with the industry, and 
was regarded as an expert in his line. He received good wages, and being 
careful with his money soon had capital sufficient to go into the mercantile 
business. He opened his store in 1894, and was the pioneer haberdasher of 
Shelton. He is also the only one in this line of business at the county seat, 
and enjoys a thriving trade, supplying the surrounding country with hats, 
caps, shoes and all kinds of gents' furnishing goods. Adjoining his general 
store he keeps an establishment devoted to millinery, which is in charge of 
his wife. As Mr. and Mrs. Needham are attentive to business, honorable in 
their methods and courteous to customers, they have built up an excellent 
business, while acquiring along with it many friends and well wishers. 

In 1888 Mr. Needham married Miss Ida Day, by whom he has five chil- 
dren: Arthur N.. Ida M., Maurice H., Elva Rovena and Earl. Mr. Need- 
ham is fond of the sociabilities and material benefit which comes from joining 
the fraternities, and holds membership in a number of the most prominent 
secret societies. He belongs to the Odd Fellows, Maccabees. Eagles, Yeo- 
men, Woodmen of the World and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
With his family he lives in a comfortable home at Shelton and enjoys general 
respect as a good neighbor, a good citizen and an enterprising business man. 

CYRUS VADER DUNBAR. 

Cyrus V. Dunbar is the pioneer druggist of Shelton. He arrived in 
this city in 1888, when it was a village of but few inhabitants, and in De- 
cember of the same year he opened his drug store, in which he has since kept 
pace with the needs of the town and has met with gratifying success in his 
chosen vocation. A native of the state of Michigan, he was born at Eaton 
Rapids, Eaton county, on the 15th of June. 1856, and is of Scotch descent, 
but his ancestors have resided in America since an early day. His father, 
Charles S. Dunbar, was born in New York in 183 1, was there educated and 
learned the blacksmith trade, and also engaged in the hotel business and 
farming. He married Miss Orphia S. Norton, and seven children were born 
of the union, of whom five are living on the Pacific coast: William H., an 
expert accountant of Seattle; Hiram N., a blacksmith of Shelton; Mrs. 
Knight, superintendent of the Mason county schools; and E. Prentis, who 



Gi HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

is engaged in the paint and wall paper business in Bremerton, Washington. 
Charles S. Dunbar loyally served in the Union army during the dark days of 
the rebellion. 

Cyrus V. Dunbar was educated in the schools of Eaton Rapids, Michi- 
gan, and in his native city he also learned the drug business. Going to Port- 
land, Oregon, in 1882, he was there engaged at his chosen vocation until 
1888, when he came to Shelton and has since been recognized as the leading 
druggist of the place. On Christmas day of 1877 Mr. Dunbar was happily 
married to Miss Sarah Ann Laverock, a native of New York and of English 
ancestry. One daughter has been born to brighten and bless the home of 
our subject ami wife, Cecil Veva, and she is a graduate of the pharmacy de- 
partment of the Michigan State University, at Ann Arbor. Mr. Dunbar 
.- :ercises his right of franchise in support of the men and measures of the 
Republican party, and has served with efficiency as a justice of the peace 
and as town clerk. His fraternal relations connect him with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen and the Knights of Pythias, being a valued and 
active worker in both orders. He is a great lover of music and plays the 
1 ornet in the Shelton band, of which three of his brothers are also members. 
Since coming to the Evergreen state Mr. Dunbar has achieved excellent suc- 
cess, and is now numbered among the substantial citizens of Shelton. 

THOMAS BORDEAUX. 

In this age of marked enterprise and intellectual energy the prominent 
and successful men are those whose abilities, persistence and courage lead 
them into large undertakings, and wdio assume the responsibilities and labors 
of leaders in their respective vocations. Success is methodical and consecu- 
tive, and however much we may indulge in fantastic theorizing as to its ele- 
ments and causation in any isolated instance, yet in the light of sober in- 
vestigation we will find it to be but a result of the determined application of 
one's abilities and powers along the rigidly defined lines of labor. It has 
certainly been in this way that Thomas Bordeaux has gained the position 
which he now occupies in the business world, a position which makes him a 

1 in industrial and commercial circles in his part of the state. He is the 
president of the Mason County Logging Company and makes his home in 
Shelton, from which place he directs his business, which has become the most 
extensive in its line in this part of the state. 

Mr. Bordeaux was born in Canada, just across the St. Lawrence river 
from Montreal, on the toth of June, [852, and is of French ancestry. His 
grandfather, Jerenne Bordeaux, was born in 1 "ranee and became a pioneer 
settler of Canada, where Theofield Bordeaux, the father of our subject, was 
born and reared. The early French settlers in the Dominion had to contend 
with many difficulties and hardships, and often times had to face dangers 
which demanded the utmost personal courage, for the Indians frequently 
attacked the white nun. who had to defend themselves with pitchforks or 
any weapons which they could procure. Theofield Bordeaux married Miss 
I.ucile Ba mm iie. and the) became the parents of four sons, three of whom 

n Washington, namely. Joseph, Gilberl and Thomas. The mother died, 



THF IV TV YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LENOX AND 
T1LDEN FOUNDATIONS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY 65 

and the father has since married twice. He is now living in the seventy- 
fifth year of his age. 

Thomas Bordeaux had very little opportunity to acquire an education, 
merely attending a French school until he had learned to read and write the 
French language, but in the school of experience he has found the oppor- 
tunity of broadening his knowledge and is now a well informed gentleman, 
of strong mentality and keen discrimination. He came to the United States 
in 1872, when he was in his twentieth year, and spent some time in prospect- 
ing for gold in Montana, Idaho and eastern Washington, but without success, 
and in 1885 he became connected with the lumber industry, beginning busi- 
ness alone on a small scale, hauling logs with oxen and employing only eight 
or ten men in his logging camp. He superintended the camp, the purchase 
of the timber and his sales, and as time passed his business grew in extent 
and importance until he became a recognized factor in the lumber business 
and a leader in his line. He continued operations until 1890, when the 
Mason County Logging Company was incorporated, and he has been its 
president and manager continuously since.'' "'Tltis company has become one 
of the foremost representatives of the''4ttmfer. ! lH(&vs'try of Washington, and 
owns much timber lands in Mason and other counties, while in its large 
logging camps three hundred men are employed. In connection with the 
business there is also operated a large shingle, mill in the Black Hills, in 
Thurston county, in which two hundred and fifty thousand shingles are 
manufactured daily. The company owns large togging engines, which haul 
the logs from where the trees are felled to the log-ways, where they are 
loaded on the cars, which carry them to the bay. and thence they are towed 
in large rafts to the mills, where they are converted into lumber and timbers 
of all lengths and dimensions. One of the largest logs hauled by them was 
converted into twenty-two thousand feet of lumber, and this also indicates 
the ability of the company to handle timber of any size, even that which 
forms the great and wonderful forests of Washington. In addition to Mr. 
Bordeaux the other officers of the company are his brother, Joseph Bordeaux, 
who is the treasurer, while A. H. Anderson is the secretary and Fred Staben- 
feldt is bookkeeper. All are men of marked business ability and interested 
in other important enterprises, all of which contribute to the upbuilding and 
prosperity of the city. The company owns over fifteen thousand acres of 
timber lands, and logs amounting to two hundred and fifty thousand feet are 
daily unloaded at the bay. The company also owns forty-five acres of tide 
lands in Olympia harbor, of which six acres are in oyster beds, and their 
products also return a very satisfactory income. Mr. Bordeaux is likewise 
a stockholder in the State Bank of Shelton and also in the Lumber Mercan- 
tile Company, which owns a store thirty by one hundred and forty feet, con- 
taining a stock of merchandise valued at fifty thousand dollars, while an- 
nually they handle goods to the value of two hundred thousand dollars. 

In 1889 occurred the marriage of Mr. Bordeaux and Miss Mary Ritner. 
and two children bless this union : Ray and Russell. Mrs. Bordeaux died 
in 1898, and in 1900 our subject married Miss Essie Webb, a daughter of 
Thomas Webb, one of Mason county's best known and most prominent 
pioneers. They have a son, Theofield K. In his political views Mr. Bor- 



66 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

deaux is a Republican, and belongs to Mount Moriah Lodge No. n, F. & 
A. M., of Shelton, and to the commandery. He and his family have a very 
attractive In -me in Shelton and are numbered among the leading people of 
the city. To him there has come the attainment of a distinguished position 
in connection with the great material industries of the state, and his efforts 
have been so descerningly directed along well defined lines of labor that he 
seems to have realized at any one point of progress the full measure of his 
possibilities for accomplishment at that point. For years he has been an 
important factor in the development of the natural resources of the state, 
in the upbuilding and in the promotion of its enterprises, which add not 
alone to his individual prosperity, but also advance the general welfare and 
prosperity of the city in which he makes his home. 

HENRY FAUBERT. 

Henry Faubert is the popular and hospitable proprietor of Hotel Webb, 
the leading hotel of Shelton, Washington. This building was erected in 
[890, and is a three-story, frame structure, with sixty-six bedrooms, a mag- 
nificent ladies' reception room and parlor, a large office, a commodious dining 
room, and a kitchen tilled with the latest conveniences of the culinary art, and 
a laundry; it is lighted throughout with electricity, and is, in short, just such 
a hotel as the business man or the luxurious traveler would seek for the 
enjoyment of all the conveniences of home life, and the genial landlord is 
ever eager to provide for the comfort of his guests. A free bus is run to 
and from the hotel, and it is the center for all the traveling men who visit 
Shelton. 

For the ancestry of Mr. Faubert we must look back to that fascinating 
and early period concerned with the settlement of the pioneers of France in 
the new world, and he springs from a French nobleman who resided in 
1 anada thn e hundred years ago and whose descendants have ever since taken 
pari in the development of that country. His father. Jacques Faubert, was 
born in Canada and married Miss Josephine Daigneault, who was also of an 
old French Canadian family. He died in his thirty- fourth year, leaving a 
family of live children, but his wife, now in her seventy-eighth year, resides 
in the old home ai \ alleyfield, Canada. The only members of the family in 
Washington art- our subject and his brother Joseph, both in Shelton. 

ry Faubert was born in Valleyfield, Canada, August 18, 1858. and 
'us education in his native country up to his twelfth year, when he 

to Glens Falls, New York, where he remained five years;' he then came 

to Bodie, California, where he engaged in mining; in 1880 he was in 

Montana, in the lumber business, and from Butte he made the trip on 

horseb ; to Spol ine, Washington, thus having an excellent opportunity to 

the country. Coming to Skagit, Washington, he was employed 111 a, 
camp, but in [890 built a hotel at Hood's Canal; after conducting' 
this i 1 he rented it and then became the proprietor of Hotel Webb, 

which he has since managed with most gratifying success and in such a way 
1 redil upon the town. 

In [89] Mr. Faubert was united in marriage to Miss Virginia A. Bor- 
l\ of French ancestry and a sister of Thomas, Joseph and Gilbert 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 67 

Bordeaux, respected business men of Shelton. Five children have been born 
to them, Stella, Corine, Edward Henry, Alice and Florentine. They reside 
in a nice home a block from the hotel, and there they enjoy the company of 
many friends. Mr. Faubert is a Royal Arch Mason and an Elk, in politics 
is a Republican and is awake to the best interests of the town. He owns stock 
in the Skookum Oyster Company, and has property both in and out of the 
city, being everywhere rated as one of the prominent business men of 
the state. 

JEAN F. RILEY. 

Honored and respected by all, there is no man in Shelton who occupies 
a more enviable position in financial and commercial circles in this place than 
does Jean F. Riley, the founder and cashier of the State Bank. His success 
in all his undertakings has been so marked that his methods are of interest to 
the commercial world. He has based his business principles and actions upon 
strict adherence to the rules which govern industry, economy and unswerv- 
ing integrity, and his enterprise and progressive spirit have brought him a 
high degree of success and made him a valued citizen of his adopted county. 

A native of the state of New York, lie was born in Orleans county, April 
26, 1866, a son of James and Frances (Fleming) Riley, the former born in 
the west of Ireland, the latter in the southern district' of the Emerald Isle. 
They were married in Orleans count}-. New York, in 1855. and then took 
up their abode in the state of Nebraska in 1879, after having lived for many 
years in New York. In early life- the father learned the stonemason's trade, 
and later gave his attention to farming, being an industrious, reliable man 
of genuine worth. He departed this life in Nebraska, in 1886, and his 
widow, still surviving him, now resides in Shelton with her son Jean, at the 
age of seventy-four years. 

Jean F. Riley is the only surviving member of a family of six children. 
He pursued his education in New York and in Nebraska, attending the 
public schools until appointed a naval cadet in 1883, but after two years of 
study he put aside his text books to enter the business world, and joined his 
brother, John D. Riley, who was engaged in the mortgage loan business in 
Hastings, Nebraska. This was in 1887, and in 1890 the brother went to 
Seattle, Washington, where Jean F. Riley joined him in 1893. There they 
engaged in handling municipal bonds, Mr. Jean Riley going to New York 
to superintend their business affairs in that city; but they foresaw the finan- 
cial panic of 1893 and sold out. Removing to Shelton in that year they here 
opened the State Bank in the month of April, and it soon became established 
as a flourishing and reliable financial concern. A general banking business 
has been carried on with ever increasing success, and among the patrons are 
numbered the leading business concerns of this city and vicinity. In 1895 
Mr. Riley organized the Lumberman's Mercantile Company, which entered 
upon a prosperous career and is to-day controlling the leading mercantile 
enterprise in the state outside of the large cities, the annual sales amounting 
to over two hundred thousand dollars. Since leaving school Mr. Riley had 
been associated in business with his brother, but the latter's health began to 
fail, and, hoping to be benefited by travel, he visited Californin. Colorado and 



68 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 



Mexico returning in June. 1898. The trip, however, did not accomplish the 
S so much desired, and on the 5* of September following his return 

home |ohn Riley passed away. He had hosts of friends and was veiy high y 
esteemed both as a business man and citizen, so that his loss has been deeply 
felt throughout the community as well as by his brother and mother. 

lean F Riley is still continuing his connection with the banking and the 
mercantile enterprises, both of which are leading business concerns of this 
part of the state and owe their successful conduct in large measure to his 
efforts Ins keen foresight and marked capability. In matters pertaining to 
the welfare of the city he has also been potent, has served on the city; council, 
lias acted as mayor and has effectively favored many measures which have 
proved of marked benefit to Shelton. Socially he is connected with the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, the Elks, with the Woodmen of the World 
and with the Knights of Maccabees. In these organizations as well as in 
other walks of life he has gained many warm friends. 



CHARLES H. WELLS, M. D. 



! 



In the extensive lumber industry about Puget Sound, with all the dan- 
gers incident to logging, there is especial need of the skilled surgeon and 
physician, who often comes like the angel of mercy to the hardy men who 
pass their time in the depths of the forests deprived of the comforts which 
alleviate to some degree the sufferings of more fortunate mortals. In the 
camps about the city of Shelton in Mason county Dr. Wells is a familiar figure 
to the lumbermen, and in the ten years that he has resided here he has taken 
rank as the leading physician and surgeon of Shelton and the country 
adjacent. 

His father. William H. Wells, was a native of Ohio, and when the 
country called for his services during the Civil war he enlisted in the Elev- 
enth Illinois Cavalry and died of typhoid fever at Jefferson City, Missouri. 
He had married Miss Jennie Webb, a native of Potsdam, New York, and, 
like himself, of old English ancestry. She now resides in southern Michigan 
at the age of sixty three, and her daughter is now Mrs. Gale of Toledo, Ohio. 
The son born of this marriage was Charles II. Wells, and his birth oc- 
curred in Pecatonica, Illinois, June 20, 1861. He received a good education 
in the public schools and then studied medicine in the Michigan Medical Col- 
1 ! (etroit, where he was graduated in 180,2; since this time he has taken 
three posl graduate courses in New York, and keeps fully abreast of the times 
isive reading and study. With his diploma as a guarantee of bis 
preparation he began his practice in Detroit and Toledo, Ohio, but was for- 
tunate in having the courage to seek a better field far from home, and in 1893 
he came to Shelton, where he soon procured the patronage and confidence of 
the best citizens and became known as a master hand in the treatment of dis- 
and surgical cases, taking especial pride in the latter branch of his work. 
Bui I '1 \\ ells has also taken an interest in affairs outside of his regular 
calling and has done much for the advancement of the permanent good of 
Shelton. He is a Republican in politics, and on the ticket of that party was 
elected to the posl of mayor. In [886 he was married to Miss Lucy Brown, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 60 

a native of Blissfield, Lenawee county, Michigan, and a daughter of Alonzo 
Brown, of that state. Dr. Wells is a prominent Mason, being a member of 
the blue lodge, the chapter and the commandery, and a Shriner. 

HON. EDWARD P. KINGSBURY. 

In the early history of this country no profession was more necessary 
than that of surveying. One can hardly realize the great labor and courage 
required and dangers overcome in classifying and laying out sections, town- 
ships and ranges in the vast areas of this country, and it is one of the oldest 
and most venerable professions. In modern times it is also required to 
clearly define boundaries of property. In this profession, to which the father 
of our country also belonged, the Hon. Edward P. Kingsbury, now United 
States surveyor general of Washington, occupies a prominent place. 

The old English ancestors of this family came to Massachusetts at an 
early day, and in that state all of the descendants lived and died except our 
immediate subject. Elijah Kingsbury, the father of Edward P., was born in 
1802, was a carpenter and farmer and lived and died in his native place. 
His wife was Joanna W. Phipps, and was a daughter of Eli Phipps and 
traced her ancestry back to Godfrey Phipps, who was governor of Massa- 
chusetts in the early colonial days. Mr. Kingsbury was a worthy citizen 
and held various offices of trust in his township. He passed away in No- 
vember, 1888, in his eighty-sixth year, and his good wife died in 1877, at 
the age of sixty-six years. Of their six children only two are living, the 
eldest son of whom, W. A., is an eminent attorney and a judge of the district 
court at South Framingham, Massachusetts. 

Edward P. Kingsbury, the son of the above, was born September 25, 
1855, > n Holliston, Massachusetts. He received his rudimentary education 
in his native town and later attended Harvard .College, graduating in the class 
of 1879. For several years after graduation he engaged in teaching, and 
was superintendent of the schools of his town. He first arrived in Washing- 
ton in June, 1889, settling at Centralia, where he engaged in the hardware 
and grocery business. Mr. Kingsbury has always been prominent in politics, 
has served in the city council and was elected mayor. In 1898 he was chosen 
a member of the state legislature, and in the following year President Mc- 
Kinley appointed him United States surveyor general for the state of Wash- 
ington, an office which he at the present time is most creditably filling. 
Socially he is a member of the Seattle Chapter of the Sons of the American 
Revolution. Wholesouled and popular among his townsmen, he ljves a life 
of honorable activity and one of benefit to his city and state. 

THOMAS NEWTON HENRY. 

There are many worthy and honorable occupations in life, and one's suc- 
cess is not measured by the pursuit he follows. But surely none should 
receive more honor for their life work than the patient, enthusiastic teacher, 
who has so much to do with the formative period of youthful character. 
Among these leaders of youth Professor Henry, superintendent of schools of 
Thurston county, stands prominent. 



70 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

His ancestors were Scotch-Irish. His great-grandfather and grand- 
father li< ith 1" ire the name of George Henry. In 1836 his grandfather moved 
from middle Tennessee to northwest Arkansas, settled on land there and 
was a sturdy pi. nicer of that state. He and his wife lived to a great age on 
their old home in .Madison county, and both died in 1894, aged respectively 
eighty-five and eighty-four years.' They were Baptists in religion, and their 
lives were long and useful. 

Superintendent Henry's father was Rev. Jasper Jay Henry, a minister of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian church and now a resident of San Francisco, 
California, having spent a long and useful life in the ministry. During the 
Civil war he was in the First Arkansas Cavalry, under Colonel Harrison, and 
in the battle of Prairie Grove, in Arkansas, he received a shot in the leg, 
which incapacitated him for service and made him a cripple for life. After 
receiving an honorable discharge he devoted himself to the study of theology 
and has since been in the ministry. He chose for his wife Emily Adair, a 
lady of Scotch ancestry, who was born in northwest Arkansas, in Kingston, 
which was also his own town; she was the daughter of Benjamin Adair, 

i ancestors were from North Carolina and Alabama. Nine children 
were bin to them, and three sons reside in the state of Washington, two 
in Seattle. 

Thomas Newton Henry records his birth as occurring in the city of 
Sedalia, Missouri, on the inth of August, 1865. In Exeter Normal Academy, 
in the same state, his special training was received, and after graduating 
there in 1887 lie taught one year in that vicinity. The following year he came 
to Olympia and served continuously as teacher in the schools until 1894; in 
this year he was elected county superintendent of schools, and has most ably 
fulfilled the duties of that position until now, except that for two years he 
was principal of "lie of the public schools of Olympia. It is by his efficient 
Systems introduced into the management of the county school system that 
Superintendent Henry is best known. The schools have been brought to a 
very high state of efficiency, and the interests of the people in the vital ques- 
tion of education has been increased. ( >ne method which has been especially 

:ssful is the publication of all the written reports of the various schools, 

copies of which are distributed to all the teachers and school officers; by this 

the work of all the schools is brought into closer relationship. He 

also publishes a twenty- four-page local school paper, called the Thurston 

ity School Bulletin; in this are published matters of educational interest, 
small pictures and a brief history of all pupils graduating from the grammar 
schools "i the county. By means of advertising matter the magazine has 
been made elf supporting, and has proved to be a valuable auxiliary in ad- 
vancing the public schools. Through such methods and the capable manage- 
ment of Superintendent Henry, the schools of Thurston county are now well 
known for their high standard and effective work. A thinker as well as an 
enthusiastic educator, Superintendent Henry well deserves the success he has 

ed and may take just pride in the results of his efforts. Superintendent 

ry, having been for a number of years a member of the legislative com- 
mittee of the State Teachers' Association, and by reason of his residence at 
the capital, has had much to do with school legislation. He was the 'author 
of the union high school law passed in [899; the law creating county boards 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 71 

of grammar school examiners passed in 1901, and the compulsory education 
bill passed 1903. 

Superintendent Henry was happily married in 1896 to Margaret E. 
Griffith, born in Lewis county, this state, and the daughter of Richard Grif- 
fith, who was a native of Wales and came to the Pacific coast in 1849 and 
to Lewis county in 1853. Of the three children born to Mr. and Mrs. Henry 
only one. survives, Vivian Adair Henry. They are both members of the 
First Presbyterian church of Olympia. Mr. Henry is a member of Olympia 
Lodge No. t, of the Masonic fraternity, the oldest Masonic lodge in the state. 
But the entire interest of his active life is absorbed in the great cause of 
education. 

WILLIAM H. MOCK. 

William H. Mock, who is now engaged in the undertaking business in 
Whatcom, has resided here only since May, 1902, but has made his home in 
Washington for more than twelve years. He has been connected with agri- 
cultural and horticultural pursuits, and has also devoted much time to the 
work of the ministry, for through much of his life he has been engaged in 
preaching the gospel, never neglecting the higher, holier duties of man toward 
bis fellow-men and his Creator. Well worthy of mention as a representative 
citizen of Washington, we take pleasure in presenting to our readers this 
record of the life of Rev. William H. Mock. 

A native of Columbus, Ohio, he was born on the 13th of March, 1848, a 
son of Samuel and Mary Ann (Keys) Mock, both of whom were natives of 
Pennsylvania, and their respective ancestors had lived for many years in this 
country. The maternal grandfather of our subject was a volunteer in the 
war of 1812, and also rendered valiant service to the government in the war 
with Mexico. To Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Mock were born five sons : Wil- 
liam H., Michael F., George W., Orlando and Lafayette. The family was 
well represented in the Civil war, and in fact loyalty and patriotism have 
ever been among the characteristics of those who bear the name of Mock. 
Four of the brothers fought for the Union cause, and George was killed in 
the battle of Guntown, Mississippi, in 1863, thus laying down his life on the 
altar of his country. He was a member of the Ninety-fifth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry; Michael was a member of the Twenty-sixth Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry ; George also served with the Ninety-fifth Infantry Regiment from 
Ohio, and William was with the boys in blue first of the Forty-sixth Regi- 
ment and afterward with the One Hundred and Thirteenth Ohio Infantry. 

William H. Mock attended the public schools of Columbus, Ohio, until 
thirteen years of age, and then put aside his text-books, for the patriotic 
spirit of the boy was aroused and he resolved to aid in the defense of the 
Union. Accordingly he volunteered, becoming a member of the Forty-sixth 
Ohio Infantry, in 1861. Later he again joined the army, becoming a member 
of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Regiment of Ohio troops, with which 
he fought for the nation's starry banner, serving almost four years. 

When hostilities had ceased Mr. Mock returned home with a most credit- 
able military record, for though but a boy his valor and loyalty were equal 
to that of many a soldier of twice or thrice his years. He then resumed his 



72 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

school life, and in 1867 entered Carleton Academy of Carleton, Illinois, where 
he remained until 1868, after which he returned to Columbus. In that city 
he was appointed a junior preacher on the Maxville circuit and began his 
labors near Logan, Ohio. He traveled for several years or until the fall of 
[872, delivering the gospel message and putting forth every effort in his 
power to advance the cause of the church. In 1872, after casting his first 

dential vote for General Grant, he removed to Minnesota, where he took 
up one hundred and sixty acres of land, a soldier's homestead claim. He 

continued his ministerial work, and was assigned to different circuits 
there until [876. In the previous year he had been ordained in Red Wing, 
Minnesota, as a minister of the Methodist Episcopal church. In 1876 his 
health failed and he was compelled to rest from further labor until the fall of 
[877. At that time he removed to Kansas, where he engaged in the real 
estate business and farming. He also served as pastor of the First Methodist 

copal church in Anthony, Harper county, Kansas, remaining there until 
1891. In 1888 he was a lay delegate from the Southwestern Kansas Meth- 
odist conference to the general conference held in New York city. In the 
same year he was ordained as an elder at the annual conference of the Meth- 
odist church, at Wichita, Kansas. 

In April, [891, Rev. Mock came to Washington and settled on a fruit 
farm near Seattle, devoting his attention for some time to horticultural pur- 
suits. I [e was also appointed to fill out the unexpired pastorate of the church 
at Vashon, on Vashon Island. In 1896 he removed to Port Angeles, where 
■ igaged in the undertaking business until May, 1902, when he came tc 
Whatcom and established business in the same line at 1202-6 Elk street, 
being now the senior member of the firm of W. H. Mock & Son. He is the 
only licensed enibalnier in the county. He carries a complete line of under- 
taker's goods, including caskets and robes, and in connection with his place 
he ha.> a fine chapel, elegantly fitted up and comfortably arranged with a seat- 
ing capacit) of .'bout one hundred. 

Since coming to Washington Mr. Mock has also taken an active part in 
political affairs, and was nominated on the Republican ticket for representa- 
tive to the state legislature. He made a very strong race, being defeated by 
. votes, 111 a year and in a district which gave a very large 
Populist majority. The vote which he received was certainly a testimonial 
to his pel sonal worth and an evidence of the confidence reposed in him by his 
fellow-citizens. Mr. Mock is a member of several civic societies, belonging: 
to the vncient Order of Foresters, the Independent Order of Lions, and the 
Masonic fraternity. I le is also a prominent and valued member of the Grand 
\rmv of the Republic, and is now serving for the third term as department 
chaplain of Washington and Alaska, having filled the position since 1900. 

In March, (869, Mr. Mock was united in the holy bonds of matrimony 
to Miss Margaret R Smith, a native of Ohio, who died in Kansas in 1880. 
They were the parents of five children: Lewis W\. who died at the age of 
twenty-one year-: John M\. now thirty years of age; George W.. aged twenty- 
eight; Mary J., the wife of George Sykes, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania; and 

rles W.. a young man of twenty-two. In June. 1881, Mr. Mock was 

again married, hi 1 union being with Susan L. Fawcett, a native of 

Morgan county, < >hio, and the) have three children: Jessie W., who died at 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 73 

the age of seventeen years; and Harrison Morton and Carrie H., twins, fifteen 
years of age, and who were named for President Harrison and his wife. 

Mr. Mock has exerted a wide influence on puhlic feeling, thought and 
action, in the various communities in which he has made his home. He has 
labored earnestly for the cause he has believed to be right in political and 
public affairs, and his efforts in behalf of the church have been far-reaching. 
He is inflexible in his adherence to his principles, and yet is not aggressive, 
and accords to others the right of private opinion and belief. His genuine 
worth has made him much respected, and well does he deserve mention among 
the leading citizens of his adopted county. 

HON. JAMES B. REAVIS. 

Tbe administration of justice from the higher courts of the land requires 
great discrimination, remarkable talent and wisdom, and he sits high in honor 
who serves successfully in this capacity. Upon such men depends not only 
the welfare of individuals but the good of whole communities. It is with 
pleasure that we record the history of one who has been so prominent as a 
citizen and jurist in the state of Washington and lias done so much to advance 
the welfare of his state. 

Hon. James Bradly Reavis comes from a long line of Scotch ancestors 
who emigrated from England under the auspices of Ashley Cooper and 
settled in Virginia in the Roanoke valley, later removing to North Carolina. 
The great-grandfather of our subject, Isham Reavis, was a valiant soldier in 
the Revolutionary war and among other engagements he participated in the 
expedition to King Mountain, where the British were so signally defeated. 
His birth occurred in 1748, in Virginia, and later he was a resident of North 
Carolina. In 1800 he removed to the growing country of Kentucky, settling 
in Warren county, and later, in 1817, he took up his residence in Saline county. 
Missouri, where he was a large landowner and planter. The family were com- 
municants of the Baptist church, and he was one of the pillars of that denomi- 
nation. His death occurred when he was eighty-five years of age. His wife 
was a Miss Jones and was a lady of Welsh ancestry. Among their sons was 
Marcus Reavis, who was born in Virginia in 1772 and came west with his 
father to Warren count}', Kentucky, and then to Missouri. He died in 1835, 
aged sixty-three years. He was married in North Carolina to Lucy Bradly, 
who was a descendant of a prominent South Carolina family. They were for 
many years valued members of the Baptist church. Their family consisted 
of six sons and four daughters, and of the former was John Newton Reavis, 
our subject's father. His birth occurred in Warren county, Kentucky, on the 
21st of October, 1817, but he later removed with his father to Missouri. He 
there married Elizabeth Preston, a native of Clark county, Kentucky, and a 
daughter of John Preston, a prominent and early settler of that state. Mr. 
Reavis has long been a prominent stock farmer and is now a resident of 
Monroe county, Missouri, in his eighty-fifth year. His good wife died in 
1889. aged seventy-three years. They were always devoted members of the 
Christian church. 

Of their six children. Judge Reavis was the third child and the only 



71 HISTORY O] ["HE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

member of the family living in the state of Washington. He was born on the 
27th of May. 1848, 111 Boone county, Missouri, and was reared on his father's 
farm until his eighteenth year, learning there many valuable lessons to help 
him in his after life. His education was received in the public schools and in 
a pri demy, and he also spent three years in the Kentucky University 

.at Lexington. He then read law at Hannibal. Missouri, and was admitted to 
bar in [874. lie practiced there until 1 S75 and then went west to the 
city of ( hici rnia. His law practice was continued there until 1880, 

at 'which time he settled m Washington territory, at Goldendale, and entered 
into partnership with Judge Dunbar. They practiced together for several 
years, having an office in Yakima and Klickitat counties and they did a large 
and pn Stable general law business. In 1884 Judge Reavis was elected a 
member of the territorial council, his district including the counties of Yakima, 
kitat. Lincoln, Douglas, Spokane and Stevens. He was active in the 
ige of the law making important changes in the method of taxing (ail- 
- and also introduced the bill providing for the building of a school for 
defective youth of the territory at Vancouver. He was also regent of the 
university from (888 until the state was admitted in 1889. At the first 
state election, in [889, Judge Reavis was a candidate of his party, the Demo- 
cratic. ior judge oi the supreme conn, being nominated by acclamation, but 
during t' m he was defeated. In [896 he was elected to the supreme 

bench, and because of the seniority of Ins commission became chief justice, and 
-nice that time has been one of the most able members of the supreme bench, 
having had the settlement of many important cases of great value to the state 
and it- pe 'pic. 

Mr. Reavis was married in [89] to Miss M. Freeman, a native of Nash- 

ille. Tennessee, ami a daughter of Smith and Martha ( Butler) Freeman, of 

try and earl) settlers of New Jersey. The Butlers were of 

rigin and went to Virginia at an early day. Mr. and Mrs. Reavis are 

the parent- of two children, Smith Freeman and Ann Preston. Judge Reavis 

and prominent members of the Christian church, of which he is an 

is a!— passed ill the chairs in both branches of Odd Fellowship. 

11 and business man he has taken an active interest in the prosperity 

hairman of the ( hamber of Commerce in Yakima, and 

lity and influence to advance ever) worthy enterprise. 

GENERAL ROBERT HOUSTON MILROY. 

the farm us men who during his life reflected honor upon 

Olympia ' e, was General Milroy. He was of Scotch- 

""'" "'"' played .1 prominenl pari in the history of the old 

well a- in America. His great grandfather was Henry McElroy, 

Vnnandale, born in Scotland and a descendant of Sir Robert Bruce: 

■hit ion in 1771. and. being defeated by the Duke 

le in the battle of Culloden, he was obliged to flee, taking his wife 

with him to Ireland: where he changed his name to Milrov. and as soon as 

'•d get pat me to \.m ettling in Carlisle, Pennsylvania 

Samuel Milroy. the grandson of the above, was borri in Kisha- 







?v% 



THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR. r> Ml IX * 
TILm ' .7K iNS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 75 

coquillas Valley, Mifflin county, Pennsylvania, August 14, 1780, was one 
of the first to come to the state of Indiana, where he founded the town of 
Delphi and engaged in wars with the Indians, and was a man of great in- 
fluence in that part of the country. His wife was a second cousin of General 
Sam Houston, of Texas fame. 

Robert Houston Milroy, one of their children, came into the world 
in Washington county, Indiana, on the nth of June, 1816. His education 
was received in the Military Academy at Norwich, Vermont, where he 
graduated in 1843, Master of Arts, of Law. and of Civil Engineering and 
Military Science, being valedictorian of his class. In 1850 he received a 
diploma from the law school of Bloomington, Indiana, conferring on him 
the degree of B. L. In 1845 he had gone to Texas, taken the oath of alleg- 
iance and became a citizen of that flourishing young republic, when he was 
called home by the death of his father. He remained to settle the estate, 
and at the earnest entreaty of his mother did not return to Texas. He prac- 
ticed law only a short time when he was called to take part in the war with 
Mexico, in which he rendered gallant service as captain of the First Indiana 
Regiment, After the war, in 1852, he was commissioned by the governor 
of Indiana presiding judge of the eighth judicial district. In 1854 he re- 
moved to Rensselaer, Jasper county, Indiana, where he engaged in success- 
ful law practice until the breaking out of the Civil war. He was then com- 
missioned colonel of the Ninth Indiana Volunteers on April 26, 1861, serving 
under General McClellan in western Virginia, and taking part in the battles 
of Grafton, Philippi, Laurel Hill and Garrick's " Ford. His three months' 
service having then expired, he was mustered out on July 30, 1861, but re- 
entered the service on the following September 5, and on the next December 
attacked the Confederates in front of Cheat Mountain pass. On the 6th of 
February, 1862, he was appointed brigadier general to rank from Septem- 
ber 5, 1861. He then assumed command of the Mountain department and 
put an effective stop to the guerrilla warfare in western Virginia; he issued 
the order that if the property of a loyal citizen was destroyed or the citizen 
killed, an appraisement of the property was to be taken and a list of those 
killed to be made by federal officers, and if the amount was not paid over to 
the widow or heirs within twenty-four hours, the rebel sympathizers in the 
neighborhood were to be shot, and their property confiscated. President 
Jefferson Davis applied through General Lee to General Ilallcck for a rescind- 
ing of this order, but General Milroy refused to do so and was upheld by 
President Lincoln. President Davis afterwards made this order the subject 
of a special message to the legislature and that body offered a reward of ten 
thousand dollars for GenerarMilroy, dead or alive. He and General Butler 
were the only Union generals who were thus honored by the southern con- 
gress. 

He was attacked by the forces of General Jackson at McDowell and held 
his ground until re-enforced by General Schenk, who assumed command, 
and "there, on May 8, 1862, the'battle of McDowell was fought, after which 
the Union forces retired to Franklin, and Jackson to Richmond. General 
Milroy's brigade was then attached to General Sigel's corps of the Army of 
Virginia and took part in the second battle of Bull Run on November 29, 



76 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

1862. I [e was then made major general of the second division of the Eighth 
Army Corps, nine thousand strong, and with McReynold's brigade occupied 
Win. I ine 1 1. 1863. On being asked if it would not be advisable to 

evacuate and join Kelly at Harper's Ferry, he replied that he could hold 
the place against any force then in the valley; but he was unaware that at 
thai momenl Lee was marching toward him to carry the war into the north. 
of Ewell, Early and Johnson attacked him on two sides on 
June 15, and after three days of hard fighting he was compelled to destroy 
iiis artillery and baggage trains and retire to Harper's Ferry, losing thereby 
a portion of his forces, but having delayed the advance of Lee and thus given 
e an opportunity to collect his forces at Gettysburg. He was, never- 
theless, placed under arrest for evacuating Winchester without receiving or- 
ders from General Schenk, his superior in command, but was afterward re- 
ted and ordered to Nashville. There he fought his last battle of the 
war against Generals I'orrest and Bates on the field of Murfreesboro, and 
defeated their combined forces, lie resigned his command July 26, 1865, 
after having served valiantly in the great struggle for the upholding of the 
I 'nion. 

r the war General Milroy was appointed trustee of the Wabash and 
Erie Canal Company. Later he became superintendent of Indian affairs in 
Washington territory and served in that capacity from 1869 till 1874; he was 
Indian agent in Washington from 1875 to 1885, when a change in the acl- 
ministratii >n di placed him. 

General Milroy was married in 1849 t0 Mary Jane Armitage, daughter 

of Valerius Armitage of Delphi, Indiana. There were seven children born 

to them, of whom only three are now living. General Milroy departed this 

1 I mpia on the 29th day of March, 1890, aged seventy-four years, 

and in this death not only the family lost one who was above all dear to 

them, but the whole country had Inst a patriot, brave warrior, and public- 

spiriti n. Ill-- devoted wife still survives at the age of seventy-eight, 

and loved, the sweetness of her disposition increasing with the ad- 

the years. She resides with her son, Valerius A. 

Valerius A., the m of General Milroy. who has kindly furnished the 

material for the above -ketch, is now one of the well known and respected 

men of < Hympia. I te was horn in Rensselaer, Jasper county, Indiana, August 

17, 1855, ' Ins education in the public schools of his native county, 

in Olympia and in a business college in Portland, Oregon. When he was 

eighteen yeai he came to Washington territory and acted as clerk 

in Ins lather's office while that one had charge of the Indian affairs; for 

iged in surveying, was employed at the printer's trade,' and 

years was in the livery business with Mr. O'Connor. Until 1889 

i mercantile pursuits, at which time he received the appointment 

tmaster of Olympia by President Harrison. In this he showed great 

1 ability: under his capable management the office was raised from 

the third 1 id class; the receipts were increased from four 

sand dollars annually to twelve thousand; and a free delivery system 

His term expired m 1S04, and 1901 he was elected city 

clerk of 1 Hympia. which place he is at present filling most satisfactorily. His 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 77 

politics are Republican, and he is connected with all movements with the 
welfare of his city and county in view. 

WILLIAM WILEY DICKERSON. 

There are in common use in the language of this country many terms 
expressive of a combination of qualities which is the characteristic of a certain 
class of men, and terms which, when applied to an individual, need no other 
commentary, for they are at once indicative of his standing in the business, 
social, or whatever place he may occupy before the world. The word 
" hustler " is one of these expressive epithets, and the man so designated is 
known to be one of those wide-awake, energetic and persevering Americans 
who is successful in his undertakings and never knows when he is defeated. 
And as a hustler may we speak of William Wiley Dickerson, who is one of 
the leading produce and grocery men of the city of Centralia, Washington, 
and has been engaged in that line of business since 1892. 

For the immediate ancestors of this gentleman we must go to the state 
of North Carolina, and going still further he is found to be of good old 
English stock. Grandfather Wiley Dickerson was one of the first settlers of 
North Carolina, was an industrious and well-to-do farmer, and lived to be 
ninetv vears of age. His son, James Dickerson, was born in North Carolina 
in 1820. and he took for his wife Sarah Stout, a native of his own state; his 
wife died in 1873 at the age of fifty-five, but he survived many years and 
died when seventy-four years old. in 1894. They had ten children; eight of 
them are now living, but William Wiley is the only one in Washington. 

William Wiley Dickerson was born in North Carolina, March 24, 1848, 
and was there reared to years of maturity. He early took to merchandising 
as a career, and for a number of years followed that pursuit in Texas. In 
1889 he decided to try new scenes, and, as Washington had just been admitted 
to the sisterhood of states, he came here, and in 1892 located in Centralia; he 
at once opened his grocery, and has paid such close attention to business and 
has been so honorable in his dealings with his customers that his trade has not 
been confined to the limits of the city but extends in a radius of nearly forty 
miles around the city. 

In 1878 Mr. Dickerson was united in marriage to Miss Lela Cordelia 
Fleming, who is a native of his own state and a daughter of Franklin Fleming; 
three daughters have been born of this union, Nora Ethel, Vera and Viola, 
twins. The family are members of the Methodist church and reside in a nice 
home in the north part of Centralia. Mr. Dickerson belongs to tin- Masonic 
order, the Knights of Pythias and the Ancient Order of United Workmen; 
he has the honor of being the treasurer of the last named order, and also of his 
blue lodge. 

FRANK T. McNITT. 

The city of Centralia contains no more enterprising and successful busi 
ness man than Frank T. McNitt. From a small beginning lie has developed 
his hardware store until he now owns one of the most complete stocks to he 
found in anv city of the size in the state. This gentleman is a descendant of 



78 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

worthy Scotcli forefathers; at an early date in the history of this country 
four are said to have come from Scotland to Pennsylvania and 

founded the family whose members are now in different parts of the Union. 
Thomas Brown McNitt, the father, was bom in Mifflin county, Pennsylvania, 
and when a young man removed to Montgomery county, Illinois, where he 
was one of the early settlers of that agricultural region; he was one of the 
founders and was active in promoting the interests of the Lutheran church, 
which was founded in behalf of the many German inhabitants of that locality. 
ife was Sarah Cress, a native of North Carolina and a daughter of 
I i Mr. and Mrs. McNitt were farmers and resided near Hillsboro, 

Montgomer) county, and he held a number of local offices and was an influ- 
ential citizen and an excellent man in every respect. He died in 1859, aged 
one years, while his wife still resides on the old homestead and has 
reached the advanced age of eighty-three. They had eleven children, three 
daughters and one son surviving. 

I r; 11k T. McNitt is the only son and the only member of the family in 
Washington, Montgomery county, Illinois, is the place of his nativity, and he 
wash 0, 1845. The farm of his father and the country schools 

if his early preparation for life, and he followed farming 
until he was twent] seven, when he engaged in dealing in live-stock and 
running a livery stable. About this time he suffered a bereavement in the loss 
of his first wife and he soon after removed to Colorado; he first located in 
Canon City and then went to Rosita, where for five years he met with con- 
siderable success in conducting a grocery store. The next three years were 
ess in Silver Cliff, but in 1882 he sold out and removed to Los 
Vngeles, I rnia, where he bought an orange farm and devoted five years 

iltivation of that luscious fruit, finding it a profitable investment. 
\t't'-; his farm he made his first venture in the hardware line and 

it for two years. The year 1889 is the date of his coming to Cen- 
tralia. He opened a store in a small building which he had bought from 
Woodam and Sprague, and his enterprise proved so successful and expanded 
-1 rapidly that in [897 he purchased his present commodious two-story 
structure, nin< I inety feet, in which he occupies the middle store; he has 

a tin \ t'eet. an ell one hundred by thirty, and other ware- 

provide C Iter for his extensive stock; these buildings are located 
in the heart of the business district. He carries fourteen thousand dollars' 
1;. including all kinds of shelf and heavy hardware, farm ma- 
chinci lies doors and all kinds of housebuilding 

. and has a large tin shop and does plumbing, lie is also an extensive 
1 fine home in the residence part of the city and 
; in 1'"' -'iint'.-. Mr. McNitt's success may 
bed t" his hard work more than any special genius, for in persistent, 
intelligent effort is found the ke\ to nearly every portal of wealth and 

the we Mi McNitt was married, in 1864, to Miss 

M;»": han, a . Nova Scotia, and two children were born of 

ives, Mary, the wife of L. M. Anderson, of Los Angeles. Cali- 

McNitl died in tS;; v He married his present wife at Colorado 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 71) 

Springs in 1875, his bride being Miss Lucy A. Pastor, the daughter of Adam 
Pastor, a Colorado pioneer from Indiana. They have three children: Eva- 
lene, now Mrs. Oscar Nielson, of Walla Walla; Pearl, at home; and Frank, 
Jr.. who is helping his father in the mercantile business. The family are 
members of the Presbyterian church, and Mr. McNitt is a trustee and one of 
its most earnest supporters. He is a Knight of Pythias of the uniform rank, 
and has been master of the exchequer for the past twelve years; he is also a 
member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He is one of Centralia's 
best known and most respected citizens. 

HON. ERNEST LISTER. 

The subject of this brief biography is a native of England, and his an- 
cestors were an old established family. His father was J. H. Lister, born and 
reared in his native land, and there married Ellen Hey, who became the 
mother of four children, all born in England: Arthur, Albert T., Alfred and 
Ernest. In 188 1 the father emigrated to Philadelphia, his family following in 
1884; he had been long engaged in the iron foundry trade, and his brother, 
David Lister, had preceded him to Tacoma, Washington, where he had started 
the pioneer foundry and iron works in that city, and here J. H. came with his 
family and has since resided. He carried on a flourishing business for a 
number of years, but is now retired from active life, having attained the age 
of seventy-three years; his wife passed away in 1893, at the age of sixty. 
They were members of the Methodist church, and people of great worth and 
character. 

Ernest Lister was born on the 15th day of June, 1870, and was but four- 
teen years of age when he arrived in Tacoma. There he completed his educa- 
tion in the public schools and in the Tacoma Business College. After com- 
pleting his education he learned the iron moulder's trade with his father, and 
later embarked in the real estate and insurance business, in which he had con- 
siderable success. He took an active interest in politics and in April. 1894, 
he was elected a member of the city council, in which he served very efficiently 
until 1896; in that year he was an able worker in the fusion campaign for tin- 
election of Governor Rogers. The large vote secured in the Tacoma district 
aided materially in the election, giving Mr. Rogers a large majority in the 
former Republican state, and the fusion party was greatly gratified by its 
success. As a reward for his services Governor Rogers appointed him a com- 
missioner of public institutes under the first board of auditors. Soon after 
the legislature passed a bill providing for a state board of control which 
should have charge of the two hospitals for the insane, the state penitential}. 
reform school, the school for defective youth, the state soldiers' home: it was 
to have the whole care of these institutions and to purchase all supplies. Mr. 
Lister was appointed chairman of this important board, and upon the suc- 
cession of Lieutenant Governor McBride to the governorship he was retained 
in the office in recognition of his faithful services, being now the Democratic 
member on the board. In politics Air. Lister has been a Populist, but in the 
fusion came over to the Democratic side. 

Mr. Lister's marriage was celebrated on the 28th of February, 1S92, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Alma Tlmm: -liter of Samuel Thornton, of Tacoma, becoming his 

her birthplace was at Salem. Oregon. They have a little daughter, 
their pleasant home they entertain many friends, and their 
home life is ideal. 

II. (;. RICHARDSON. 

te o) Washington is now one of the great centers of the lumber 
industry, and its immense timber areas are supplying many of the less favored 
prairi with the material which is so necessary in this twentieth cen- 

tury civilization. Among these manufacturers is the subject of this article, 
the leading shingle-maker in Thurston county and a representative business 
In the early history of the country three Richardson 
brothers came from England, and, landing in Massachusetts, one settled in 
New England, another went south and the third moved westward; and our 
- of the New England branch. David Richardson, the 
grandfather of 11. < i. Richardson, was born in New Hampshire and was a 
i and influential farmer of that state. 

i. Richardson, the father of II. G, was horn in Lisbon, Grafton 

lunty, Xew Hampshire, on the old homestead that for many generations 

lown from fall ■ Reared and educated in his native town, 

a millwright, building many of the mills in his county, and he 

owned a farm. His wife, Julia II. Whiting, of the same state, became 

f five children, three sons and two daughters, all living. When 

. third year the father died in 1890, but his good wife still re- 

' seventy-three. lie became a Republican when that party 

inized in [851 a reputation as a valuable citizen. 

H. G. R on of the above and the only representative of 

ishington, was born Vpril _•_•, 1854, in Lisbon, New Hamp- 

111 in the public schools of his town and in the 

me Institute. Like his father he learned the trade of millwright, 

and built and operated mills. 

twenty three he hade adieu to his native home and went 

lenl five years in Florida, from there going 

1 and finally came, in [889, to this state, residing first at Tacoma. 

95 that Mr. Richardson came to Olympia and opened up 

His eaM side mill at first had a daily capacity of only 

iv. but in [9 he bought the mill on the west side, 

there are daily produced two hundred and 

red • r A shingles, lor which there is a large 

niddle west as well as in the local market. In the 

e employed, and in cutting and bringing the material 

Me owns a large tract of timber land from 

He i president of the Six Eagle Mining 

s marriage was celebrated in [886, when he be- 

Mary E. Knickmeyer, of Apalachicola, Florida, the 

tin Robert Knickmeyer. a captain of the Confederate armv. 



r 



ASTOI- L«N.>X AND 
T1LDEN FOIJNOATtONS 



J 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. SI 

Three daughters have been born to them: Hortense A., Louisa and Leonora. 
Their home is one of Olympia's beautiful residences. 

In politics Mr. Richardson is a Republican. He serves in the city coun- 
cil, and is active and ready to advance the interests of Olympia. He is a 
member in the fraternity of the Royal Arch Masons, a member of the Ancient 
Order United Workmen and is identified with the Hoo Hoos, an extensive 
organization of lumbermen. His wife belongs to the Episcopal church, and 
the family is a well known one in the city. 

GEORGE W. BELL. 

George W. Bell, who is one of the representative farmers of Thurston 
county and one of its county commissioners, came to the territory of Washing- 
ton in 1878. He is a native of Nova Scotia, born April 7, 1850, and is of 
Scotch ancestry. His parents, James and Alary (Roddick) Bell, were natives 
of Dumfrieshire, Scotland, and were marrie^-jri: that country. Soon after- 
ward they bade adieu to home and friends and sailed from the land of the 
heather to Nova Scotia, where the father followed his trade of milling, be- 
coming the owner of a custom flour mill. Both Ire and his wife were Scotch 
Presbyterian people of the highest respectability and' integrity, and upon the 
minds of their children they impressed lessons of industry and honesty. They 
had ten children, seven of whom are yet living, but George W. Bell is the 
only one who resides in Washington. The father died in 1892, at the age of 
seventy-three years, and the mother is living, in the eighty-first year of 
her age. >i 

Reared to manhood and educated in his native town, George W. Bell 
remained under the parental roof until he had attained his majority, and in 
1873 went to Boston, Massachusetts, where he began life on his own account, 
following any pursuit that he could get that would yield him an honest living. 
He spent four years in Boston and then went to the Black Hills country, but 
lost money in his venture there and had to drive a freight team in order to 
get back again. He spent the winter of 1877-8 in Hutchinson, Colorado, and 
then came to Olympia, where he was employed in a sawmill for forty-five 
dollars per month. In the fall of 1879 he became engaged in the Indian 
service under General Milroy, and thus his time was passed until 1882, and 
then for seven years was in the Indian service with Agenl Edwin Eels, lie 
removed to a farm five miles northeast of Olympia. At first he purchased one 
hundred and sixty-five acres of land, and as he prospered lie added to this 
tract until within the boundaries of his farm at the present time is a tract of 
three hundred acres of rich, arable and productive land. He has erected a 
good residence and other farm buildings, and is actively engaged in general 
farming and stock-raising, his efforts being attended with good success. 

In politics Air. Bell has been a stalwart Republican since becoming an 
American citizen, and by his party lie was nominated and elected to th 
of county commissioner,' which position he is filling mosl aci eptably, d 
ing his duties conscientiously, promptly and earnestly, I ing assidu- 

ously to benefit the county in its financial features and every way possible. 

In 1881 was celebrated the marriage of Air. Bell and Miss ' ina F. 

6* 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Thompson, a native of Prince Edward Island. They had one child, who 
died in infancy, and .Mrs. Bell departed this life in 1895. Four years later, 
was married to Miss Mary A. Thompson, a sister of his first 
wife. Sh( ■ sbyterian in religious truth, and both have a wide acquaint- 

ance and are very highly esteemed citizens of Thurston county. 

JOSEPH F. KEARNEY. 

Kearney, the father of the prosperous merchant whose name 

heads this brief biography, was born in Ireland in the town of Kildare, Janu- 

$7. Aiter being educated in his native country, in 1S66 he decided 

eek his fortunes in the new world, and accordingly emigrated and settled 

in Auburn, New York. Here lie was married, and in 1874 came west to 

lington, bringing his family with him. In the east he had worked as a 

quarryman and had managed t<> save a considerable sum of money; and with 

this he bought, on his arrival in the territory of Washington, one hundred and 

sixty acres of land and built a good home. He still owns the farm but has 

retired from active work, and the family live in a pleasant place in Olympia. 

They are devoted members of the Catholic church and are highly respected. 

While in New York Thomas Kearney married Miss Mary Byrne, born in 

Ireland in 1845, ant ' sne came to America in the same year that he did. Four 

child' born to them in New York: Margaret Ellen, the wife of James 

T. Twohej and residing near Olympia; William is in Olympia; Joseph F. ; 

and Mary Ann. the wife of John O'Hara, of Aberdeen. Since coming to 

three other children have been born, Thomas John, in the store 

with Joseph F. ; Henr) lames and Elizabeth Agnes are at home with their 

parents. 

Ilic birth of Joseph F. Kearney occurred in the town of Auburn, New 

York I 1 ' [872. He enjoyed a good education, attending St. 

Mai ind taking the commercial course in St. Martin's 

where he wa in [889. lie had learned the valuable les- 

try and honest toil on his father's farm, and on the completion 

and his return to 1 >!■ mpia he began clerking in the store of 

II. .11. John Byrne. Fortified with this experience, in 1897 he opened 

1 in Olympia, and almost from the start 
Rourishii carefully increased by his honor- 

led that he has the largest grocery 
He J . and well kept store and supplies to the 

and produce, hay and grain; he does a 
'i men in his employ, and his trade extends throughout 
Thui v a part ,: county. 

In 1898 M' - husband of Miss Emma McMahan, 

I tarold and ! io \gnes. Mr. Kearney 

belief and devotes his whole time and attention to 

lie has mad. 1 nspicuous a success, and, as be is 

l,K ,,r ' 'ng and prosp uture may he expected 

him. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 83 

DAVID T. DREWRY. 

In the life of every man who has made a success in business or other 
lines there are usually some predominating characteristics to which we may 
ascribe the larger share of his material prosperity, and in the case of the 
subject of this brief sketch we should say it was due to his persevering in- 
dustry and his absolute self-reliance, for it is a matter of pride with him that 
he has always paddled his own canoe. And as a representative farmer and 
early pioneer of Thurston county, David T. Drewry here deserves prominent 
mention. 

Silas O. and Elizabeth Drewry were both natives of the state of Ken- 
tucky, and the former was the owner of a grist mill and engaged in lumbering. 
While they were- residing in Livingston county of that state, there was born 
to them on the 6th of November, 1836, the subject of this biography. Five 
years later he lost his father, and the following year his mother. After this 
sad event the boy David lived with his uncle in Nodaway, Missouri, where he 
worked on the farm and attended school. In 1853, when seventeen years of 
age. he crossed the plains in company with Colonel William Cock; they drove 
six yoke of oxen all the way, and, crossing the Missouri river on the 10th of 
May, they completed the trip in one hundred days, which was good traveling 
for those primitive times. With them was a man who had made the journey 
several times before, and they were thus able to take advantage of all the 
cut-offs, being also spared trouble with the Indians or the ravages of disease. 

On arriving in the Willamette valley Mr. Drewry worked for a short 
time, and then coming to Olympia he assisted Colonel Cock in the building of 
the Pacific House, remaining in his service for two years. On the outbreak 
of the Indian war in 1855 he enlisted in the first company formed, called the 
Puget Sound Rangers, and continued on active duty until the insurrection was 
quelled; in the latter part of the service he was under Captain Shed. In this 
war each trooper was obliged to furnish his own horse and outfit. After the 
war David employed himself at different things in Olympia and in the country. 
In the year 1857 he was employed on the farm of Charles Weed, and there 
had what lie has always considered the good fortune to fall in love with his 
employer's sister. Miss Emaline Weed, who was born in Connecticut in 1841 
and came to Washington by way of the Isthmus in 1855; in 1858 they were 
happilv married. For a time Mr. Drewry conducted a hotel in Olympia, and 
then bought the Gabriel Jones farm of three hundred and twenty acres. To 
this he has since added eighty acres, and now owns one of the finest farms in 
Thurston county, two hundred acres being improved, with wells, windmills, 
commodious barns and all the latest farm machinery. He raises good horses 
and cattle, and grains of all kinds, sometimes his land producing forty-five 
bushels of oats and thirty-five of wheat to the acre. He also carried on a 
dairy with success for a time, and was interested in a livery stable in Olympia. 
He now keeps twenty head of cattle on his ranch and raises his own horses of 
the Norman Percheron breed. As a careful, successful farmer he takes front 
rank in his county. 

By his marriage Mr. Drewry had five children ; Almon D. is married 
and lives near his father; Harvey O. is married and resides in Seattle; Ed- 



-i HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ward V. and his wife arc on the farm with his father; two of the children 
died in infancy. Mrs. Drewry is a member of the Christian church and is a 
represent I the ] neer women of Washington. Mr. Drewry has been 

rat, and has never joined any society, as he has been too 
deep: in his own affairs, wherein lies the secret of his prosperity. 

FREDERICK HARRISON WHITWORTH. 

lerick Harrison Whitworth, of the firm of Cotterill, White & Whit- 
,-il engineer-. Seattle, Washington, was born in New Albany, Indi- 
ana. March j nd comes of English ancestry on the paternal side and 
naternal. George F. Whitworth. his father, was born 
in B ngland, in [816; came to the United States in 1828, and has 
spent the greater part of his life in Washington, as a minister in the Presby- 
terian chi living retired, in Seattle, His wife, who before mar- 
Elizabeth Thomson, was a native of Kentucky. She died 
in [882. I h( n of this worthy couple number five, three sons and two 
(iters, i th< subjed of tins' sketch and James Edward, 
.il engineers, the latter in Columbia City, Washington; George F. Whit- 
1, Jr., is a physician of Berkeley, California; Clara is the wife of William 
judge in Los Angeles comity, California; Etta B. is the wife 
of ( Jarence I- White, of 

When hi .en years of age. Frederick II. Whitworth came with 

'lie far west, their location being in Washington territory, where 

irly education in the public schools. Then he took a course 

School in Oakland, California, and a collegiate 

1 nia, where he graduated in 187 1, receiving 

V B. Two years later the degree of A. M. was conferred upon 

him. He spent on work in Princeton University. 

Returnii in 1874, Mr. Whitworth accepted the position of 

1 rritorial University of Washington, which he filled 

1 f thai time he took up civil engineering, in which he 

d. in \\ on and Alaska, at the latter place in 

\ part of the time he was occupied in the examination 

of mineral pn in [898 put in the water works at Skagway. A 

irk in Washington has keen in connection with coal 

I fe v 1 1 1 cted largely with the first opening up 

ew Ca tie, Renton and Talbat coal mines, and 

d the Gili tl mines, also the Leary mines. 

ted with the South Prairie and Wilkinson mines in Pierce 

1 \amined nearly till the other coal mines 

His ering work was the building of 

n the New Castle mines to Lake Washington, across the 

nion;and from Lake Union to Pike street in Seattle where 

That was in 1875-6. He was connected with the 

rk, under T. 1!. Marsh, in [875. It was 

d that united the people and was really the beginning 

>"""< : ttle spirit," and it ultimately forced recognition 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 85 

on the part of the Northern Pacific Railroad. When that road passed into 
Henr}' Villard's hands, Mr. Whitworth was still connected with it, and made 
the first preliminary surveys on which was constructed the line to Black Dia- 
mond and Franklin. He was the chief engineer of the Seattle, Lake Shore & 
Eastern Railroad in its inception. This line saved the city in its second fight 
against the Northern Pacific, which had gone into the hands of Wright, who 
had decided to eliminate Seattle from the railroad maps. In 1874 Mr. Whit- 
worth was one of the organizers and was chief engineer and manager of the 
Washington Improvement Company, organized for the purpose of cutting a 
canal from Lake Washington through to tide water. The other members of 
the company were D. T. Denny, H. B. Bagley, J. J. McGilvra. B. F. Day and 
E. M. Smithers. This company finally succeeded in cutting a small canal 
between lakes Washington and Union, and opening the outlet to tidewater, 
on or near the line of the present proposed government canal. In 1876 he 
was a member of the firm of Eastwick, Morrison & Company, engineers, 
which by city authority was employed to establish the first city grades and 
locate and monument most of the street lines in the central part of Seattle. 
As a member of the firm of Cotterill, White & Whitworth, he is associated 
with George F. Cotterill and his brother-in-law, Clarence White. 

Politically. Mr. Whitworth is a Republican. He has always taken an 
active interest in politics, has frequently represented his constituents in county 
and state conventions, and before the admission of Washington to statehood 
served on the county central committee. He was elected county surveyor of 
King county, and served most of the time for ten years, from 1876 to 1886, 
and for eight years, 1878 to 1886, was city engineer. 

Mr. Whitworth is a man of family. April 28, 1881. he married Miss 
Ada J. Storey, a native of Machias, Maine, and a daughter of a prominent 
lumberman of that state. They have one son, Frederick H.. Jr., who is as- 
sisting his father as engineer and preparing himself for an electrical .engineer. 
Mr. Whitworth and his family attend worship at the First Presbyterian 
church, of which they are members. 
» 

JOHN SIMPSON. 

John Simpson, farmer and prosperous resident of Everson, Washington, 
was born at Perth, Lanark county, Ontario, Canada, in i860, and is a son of 
Peter and Jessie (McDonald) Simpson, the former of whom was born in Scot- 
land and came to Canada when a young man. 1 le learned the trade of miller 
when a young man and has followed that calling during the greater portion of 
his active life. He is still living, residing in Lanark county, as is the mother, 
who was also born in Scotland. 

At the age of nineteen years John Simpson left home and came west, 
locating in British Columbia,' where he lived from [879 to 1883, working in 
the logging camps and where now stands the flourishing city of Vancouver. 
This city did not spring into prominence until the completion of the Canadian 
Pacific Railroad to that point. 

In 1883 Air. Simpson came to Washington, locating in Whatcom rounty, 
in the upper Nooksack valley, where Everson now stands, and was one of the 



HISTORY OF nil. PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

. Itlen here. For six years he drove a freight team between Whatcom 

1 the I settlement, the railroad nut being completed here until the 

891. In (888 he married .Mrs. Annette Harkness, who owned a 

Nooksack Crossing, one-half mile down the 

from where Everson now stands. She is of English extraction, and was 

alia. "1'wo children have been born to this happy 

111* 'ii . namely: J< • . aged fourteen years, and Bertha, aged eight years. 

meanwhile Mr. Simpson had bought land fur a farm which was 

g cif Ins present line ranch, adjoining the town of Everson. In 

■Id out his mercantile interests and has thenceforth devoted all his 

i" building up and developing his farm, which consists of one hun- 

sixty acn ery rich land. I lay and barley are the principal 

s place he has built the finest residence in Everson, and he 

illy takes a deep pride in the fact that he has made by his own energy 

■st excellenl farm from a trad of land that until very recent years was 

all forest, and that he cleared it all himself. 

April [5, [903, he helped to institute a lodge of Odd Fellows at 

is vice grand, lie and his wife belong to the Presby- 

n church, audi are prominenl in the pleasant social life of the flourishing 

Mr. Simps' in is one of the mosl prominent and substantial citizens 

I bis prosperity is increasing with every year. 

S \.\ll I.I. It IURTNER. 

tner, one of the /erj prominent residents of Edmonds, 

• was in. I ebruarj ..7. [851, in Hancock, Ohio, and is a son 

ourtner, born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. By occupation the 

ic, and died 111 [888, having come of an old American 

cent. The maiden name of the mother was Susana 

1 Hancock county, and her father participated 

following family was bor-n to the parents of our 

Henr) J., feed and grist mill owner "in Hazleton, Iowa; 

amier n of Nebraska ; 1 ieorge, a farmer of Oklahoma; 

of Oswego, Oregon; Franklin, a blacksmith of Ne- 

ur subject; Mary, who married William Fisher, a farmer of Ne- 

niel Fourtner was 1 ; in the public schools and normal of Inde- 

l"ua. graduating from the latter institution in 1874. He then 

■'"'« "" business at Hazleton, towa, and later went to 

Nebra k for six years. In December, 1885 he 

I "'1 January 5. [886, went to Edmonds, Washington 

ul "'" families had 1 led themselves, the men being engaged in 

hing lumber and timber for a wharf. Samuel embarked 

hundred and sixty acres one mile from the present 

ind has continued on tin- Farm ever since. This property 

has ' fine farm and is held at a high figure, 

1,1 March, to..-. M, Fourtner, with his son-in-law, L. C. Fngel and 
u " K " ss - purchased a building on water from and established the ma- 



1 p 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 87 

chinery for manufacturing shingles. Later they intend to manufacture lum- 
ber. The company is incorporated under the name of the Keystone Mill 
Company, with a capacity of one hundred thousand shingles per day. and of 
it Mr. Fourtner is president and general manager. He is a stockholder of the 
Edmonds Co-Operative Improvement Company, which owns and operates 
the only public wharves in Edmonds. In politics he is a Liberal. He was a 
school trustee and school clerk in Illinois, and a member of the city council 
for the past three years, but recently resigned. Mr. Fourtner was in Nebraska 
during the grasshopper plague, and was appointed by the government to dis- 
tribute aid, he being general distributor for the counties of Jefferson in Ne- 
braska and Washington in Kansas. 

On April 5, 1874, he was married in Makanda, Jackson county, Illinois, 
to Ellen Goodman, who was born there, a daughter of Calvin Goodman, a 
farmer of Makanda, who was killed in the battle of Belmont. Missouri, in the 
northern army. The Goodman family is an old one in America and comes of 
English descent. The following children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Fourtner, namely: Frederick Arthur, assisting his father in the mill; Mary 
Zetta, who married L. C. Engel, of the Keystone Mill Company. Samuel 
Fourtner and L. C. Engel were the original locators of the now famous Ethel 
copper mines of Index, Washington. 

HON. HENRY McBRIDE. 

There are few lives crowned with the honor and respect accorded to 
Henry McBride, the present governor of Washington. Through the years 
of his residence in the state his has been an unblemished character. He has 
displayed none of those dazzling, meteoric qualities which command world- 
wide, but transient, attention; but has been one of the world's workers, as- 
sisting materially in laying the foundation for the stability, progress and sub- 
stantial growth of the commonwealth, and thus his name is enrolled high on 
the scroll of honored and representative men of his adopted state. 

A native of Utah, Henry McBride was born in Farmington, in February, 
1856, and, on the paternal side, comes of Scotch-Irish ancestry, his grand- 
father having emigrated from the old world to America when a young man 
and established his home in the state of New York. • George McBride. the 
Governor's father, was born in western New York and, after arriving at 
years of maturity married Miss Ruth A. Miller, a native of the state of 
Indiana. Miss Miller was of English ancestry, the family having been 
founded in America several years before. In 1857 George McBride was 
killed by the Indians, in Idaho. His widow still survives, in the seventieth 
year of her age, and her mother is still living, at about the age of one hundred 
years, the family being noted for longevity. 

Governor McBride attained his education in the east, and in [880 went 
to California, where he remained two years. In 1882 he took up his abode 
in the Puget Sound country, and, after teaching school for a time in Island 
county, removed to Skagit county, where for three terms he was employed as 
the teacher of the Laconner school. During that time he read law, prepara- 
tory to taking up its practice as a life work, and, in the spring of 1884, having 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

le principles of jurisprudence, he was admitted to the bar 
in J. . by Judge Green, who was then on the bench. He entered at 

upon the practice of his chosen profession, wherein he was destined to 
le and prominent position. The young lawyer, in his con- 
s with older and experienced men, whose reputation and patronage were 
hard school, but it afforded excellent training, and, 
with the best, his mind was developed, his intel- 
lectual p quickened and strengthened, and he acquired a readiness 
tion, a fertility of resource, and a courage under stress, which have been 
ential factors in his successful career. 
While still residing in Laconner, Governor McBride was united in mar- 
i Alice i larrett, a native of Island county, Washington, her father 
a prominent pioneer of that county and of English ancestry. Mr. Mc- 
ntinued to practice in Laconner and became also a recognized leader 
in political circles there, being a pronounced Republican. He attended the con- 
ins aid and inlluence to promote its success, and 
his I • re not without results. In 1888 he received the nomination of 
was elected prosecuting attorney of Skagit and Whatcom coun- 
term in thai office. Then Skagit and Island counties were 
nd Mr. McBride was appointed to that office, which 
he filled until [892. In 181/) he was defeated at the polls, as were all 
ther candidates seeking election on the Republican ticket, owing to a 
n of Democrats a; lists. In 1898 he was a member of the county 
convention and was made chairman of the Republican county central com- 
mittee, instituting a county campaign which was so capably planned and 
carried (ait that it resulted in a splendid victory for the entire Republican 
l'i ed with the nomination for lieutenant-governor 
a strong state canvass. He received the public 
•nt through Ins 1 Upon the death of Governor Rogers, De- 
liis office, he became the chief executive of his 
ernor McBride at once entered upon the duties of the 
• administration evinces that he has superior executive ability, 
king and careful ,, and his whole energies are directed 
igh which flows the greatest good to the greatest mim- 
is, courteous and agreeable, so that he wins friends easily, 
m behalf of the ire sustained by the best element of 
3 of party affiliation. He is conservative 
Force resultant for good. 
■ Nl ' B d member of the Masonic fraternity, also 
! fellows and of the Benevolent and Pro- 
ln religious faith he and his w if e are Episcopalians 
of the very high esteem in which they are held 
'I he Governor is a conservative man and' must be 
in. always striving to build up for the benefit of the 
in the commonwealth believing 
innol Maud still: they must g forward; they cannot 
His mental characteristics are of the solid and 
'■'■ than 1 itious and brilliant order and he is essen- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 89 

tially strong in his intellect, and capable of reaching safe, prudent and reason- 
able conclusions. Such a man is well worthy to guide the ship of state. 

FORBES P. HASKELL, JR. 

Forbes P. Haskell, Jr., assistant cashier of the Fidelity Trust Company 
of Tacoma, was born at Oakland, California, on the nth of May, 1873, and 
is a son of the Hon. Forbes P. and Emma (Howard) Haskell. His paternal 
grandfather, Henry Haskell, was a native of Essex county, Massachusetts, in 
which the famous city of Gloucester is situated, and there also were born the 
great and the great-great-grandfather of our subject, the family history 
being closely connected with that locality. Henry Haskell married Sarah 
Coffin Phelps, a descendant of one of the oldest families in Essex county. Her 
father, Dr. Phelps, was a medical graduate of Harvard University and was 
the first physician and apothecary in Gloucester, in the days when the local 
physician was obliged to have an apothecary shop of his own. Three Phelps 
brothers came to America from Great Britain in the seventeenth century, 
and Mrs. Haskell was a descendant of the one who located in Massachusetts. 
The first minister to locate in Gloucester was Parson Forbes Phelps. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Haskell have long since passed away. 

Hon. Forbes P. Haskell was born near the historic old town of Glou- 
cester, Massachusetts, in 1844. In 1861, at the age of seventeen years, he 
enlisted on the United States brig Kingfisher for naval service in the Civil 
war, serving throughout the entire struggle on that and other vessels, and 
sailing from the west coast of the Gulf to the Carolinas. His experience was 
dangerous and exciting, and he participated in both battles of Fort Fisher on 
the South Carolina coast. He enlisted for service as a boy, but was dis- 
charged as a master mate, his military career continuing until August, 1865. 
After the close of the struggle Mr. Haskell journeyed westward, being a 
member of one of the surveying parties sent out by the Kansas Pacific Rail- 
road Company to locate the first railroad into Denver. He was next engaged 
in the preliminary survey over the old Atchison trail through New Mexico 
and Arizona for what has since become the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe 
Railroad Company, that party having been among the first white people to 
traverse the region which they explored. Reaching Los Angeles, California, 
in the spring of 1868, Mr. Haskell went with others of his party from that 
city to Washington, D. C, by way of the Isthmus of Panama, for the pur- 
pose of procuring a subsidy from Congress to build a railroad, presenting their 
notes of the survey for that purpose, but the attempt proved unsuccessful. 
Failing in this venture, Mr. Haskell again came to the west and was engaged 
in railroad-building in Missouri and Kansas for the succeeding two or three 
years. Returning thence to the Golden state, he was in the service of the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company for some time, but, wishing to take care; 
of his parents in their declining years, he returned to the east, and for a period 
of nearly fifteen years resided in Gloucester, Massachusetts. While in that 
city he served as one of the customs officers, and on the Republican ticket was 
elected a member of the Massachusetts legislature, serving during the session 
of 1888-9. I n tne spring of the latter year he made a visit to the city of 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Taenia, and, being so favorably impressed with this section of country, he 
ded to make it the future place of his abode. When the Fidelity Trust 
pany was organized, in June, 1891, he was given charge of the safety 
deposit vaults, which position he has ever since continued to fill, a faithful 
and competent employe, enjoying to the utmost the confidence and esteem of 
tin- i the hank as well as the clients and public generally. He has 

been recognized as an efficient worker for Republican principles, and his 
interest in the issues of the day that affect the national weal or woe has never 
ed. The marriage of Air. Haskell was celebrated in Gloucester, Massa- 
chusetts, in .March. 1S70, when Miss Emma Howard became his wife, and 
they have four children. Fletcher O., Forbes Phelps, Charles Howard and 
Ro 3 G 

Phelps Haskell, Jr.. received his education in the old parental 
home 'i ( rloucester, and when sixteen years of age came to the west, arriving 
three months after his lather's advent into Tacoma. During a period of 
years he was employed in the Northern Pacific Railroad Company's 
offices here, leaving their employ to accept a position with the same institu- 
tion with which his father is connected, the Fidelity Trust Company. Start- 
ing > ! iffice hoy and collector, he has made remarkable progress, passing 
1 ssively through the positions of individual bookkeeper, general book- 
er, paj ing teller, and at the annual meeting for 1902 was 
elected assistant cashier. 

<>n tiie 26th of August, 1896, Mr. Haskell was united in marriage to 

Mary E. Lovell, of Tacoma. and a daughter of Major Don G. Lovell, 

a prominent old settler of this city. ( )ne child has heen born to brighten and 

s home. Donald 1'".. and the family reside in a pleasant residence at 

S'orth I 1 si reel, where they dispense a gracious hospitality to their many 

'•' kell treasurer of the Tacoma Baseball Club. He is a 

u "g m;m of ' nal attainments, ami Washington numbers him among 

her 111 .in 'led s, ins. 

LAFAYETTE WILLEY. 

Captain Lafayette Willey was a well known figure in the Sound country, 
■ oi his friends was an extensive one. He attained to promi- 
se, and his earnest and well directed labors were abundant- 

neriti ss that enabled him to spend his last four 

- "i retirement From business an. I to leave his family in very comfortable 

He was actively identified with the promotion of the inter- 

'v. where for almost a third of a century he resided 

He w..- lamihar with the historj ..I the state from pioneer times to the 

nt, and took no inconsequential pari in the work of pro-ress and im- 

ement. 

tin Willey was born in Cherryfield, Maine, in 1854, and traced his 

mas Willi who resided in New Hampshire as early 

• K>" of that y. 11 howing him to be a taxpayer there at 

Samue D and Hannah (Conley) Willey, the grandparents of 

the < aptain, were both natives of the Pine Tree state, and Samuel Willey 




f h't/^x^ 



uc "entity! 

, As To H , , 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 91 

his father, was born in Cherryfield, Maine, on the 14th of April, 1826. He 
remained with his parents until he arrived at years of maturity, and was 
reared upon a farm, while later he engaged in lumbering. On the 2d of 
July, 1848, he married Miss Lydia Moss, and in 1859 he left his family in 
the east, going to California by way of the Isthmus route. He mined in Sis- 
kiyou county with fair success and afterward returned to his family, remain- 
ing with them until 1867, when he again went to California, where he con- 
tinued until 1870. when he removed to Mason county, Washington. He 
then sent for his family to join him, and for some years he was engaged in 
logging. In 1880 he removed with his family to Olympia, where he built a 
nice residence, and with his sons was engaged in the steamboat business until 
his death, which occurred in 1897. He was an honorable, upright citizen, 
and with his sons had built up a large business, being the owner, in con- 
nection with his sons, of the steamers Multnomah and the City of Aberdeen, 
carrying passengers and freight between Olympia and Seattle. 

Captain Lafayette Willey was sixteen ,-years- of age when he came with 
his two brothers and a sister to San Francisco, journeying overland to that 
place and thence going by steamer to PbrtlaYnl, by river boat to Olequa on the 
Cowlitz, and by stage to Olympia. They had not been long in Olympia be- 
fore the brothers obtained the contract for carrying the mail- between Olympia 
and Oakland, then the county seat of Mason county,' located near, the present 
city of Shelton. Thus the brothers began their seafaring life, carrying the 
mail twenty-five miles in a rowboat and taking it twelve miles by land along 
a dreary country road. For two years the mail was carried in this way, at 
the end of which time they purchased the little steamer Hornet and a little 
later bought the Susie, which was somewhat larger and which until lately 
has been plying on the Tacoma and North Bay River route. Afterward they 
sold the Susie and purchased the Willie, which was still larger, being sixty- 
five feet long. This they ran between Olympia and Shelton. In 1889 they 
purchased the Multnomah and put her on the river between Seattle and 
Olympia. She is a fast steamer, well fitted up, and does a large business. 
She is one hundred and fifty feet long, carries one hundred and fifty passen- 
gers and one hundred and fifty tons of freight. The business continued to 
increase, and the Willey brothers purchased the City of Aberdeen, which they 
put on the same run with the Multnomah. She is one hundred and thirty-five 
feet long and carries one hundred tons of freight. The brothers became the 
captains and managers of their own ships, did a very extensive business 
and were popular, not only with their many patrons, but also with all who 
knew them. The Multnomah is a very economical steamer for her size and 
very rapid, and when in competition has been found able to out-sail anything 

in her class. 

Captain Lafayette Willey took just pride in owning and sailing this 
vessel. He served as the captain, and his brother George as the purser. 
When their father joined them the company was named in his honor the 
S. Willey Navigation Company. The volume of business done has become 
extensive, and thus the brothers by their energy, perseverance and skill had 
secured a large patronage and had become men of wealth. Captain P. L. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Willey now resides in San Francisco and George B. in Seattle. Their sister 
is now Mrs. Lecretia Leighton. 

tain Lafavettc Willey was happily married November I, 1874, to 
Miss Belli , a native of' Missouri and a daughter of Alexander Yantis, 

: in, plains with an ox team in 1854, when Mrs. Willey was but 
three months old. They located in Thurston county, Washington, on a 
donation claim of six hundred and forty acres, and Mr. Yantis improved 
his farm and lived upon it throughout the remainder of his life. He was 
married in Missouri to Miss Sarah Green, who departed this life in 1878, 
when sixtj six years of age. while his death occurred in 1884, when he was 
sevent) two wars of age. for he was horn in 1812. The Captain and Mrs. 
Willey her. une i lie parents of four children, three sons and a daughter: 
Samuel, Chester, George and Mrs. Ollie Shaw, the last named residing near 
her mother, while the three sons are at home. By reason of ill health Captain 
Willey had retired from active business four years before his demise. He 
nol onl) a worthy and highly esteemed citizen, but also a loving and 
devoted husband and father, and was a valued member of the Independent 
Order of ( )'h\ Fellows and the Improved Order of Foresters. In his political 
views he was a Democrat. Coming to the west when a young man and not- 
ing the business possibilities which arose in this growing country, he took 
advantage of these and through the exercise of his sound judgment and his 
untiring labor won a place of prominence among the successful and honored 
men of his adopted st; 

FRANK S. SPRAGUE. 

Commercial travelers of to-day, who go from place to place in lordly 
i great distances in a few hours in magnificently appointed palace 
cars, will be interested to learn how these things were done in the formative 
1 of the great northwest. In the biography of the gentleman whose 
name is given above the) will he introduced to an era, now passed away for- 
w hen the merchant's customers were lew and far between and reached 
onl) under the greatest difficulties. At the time Mr. Sprague made his first 
as a distributor of goods, there were no railroads through Washington 
and adjacent territory, the onl) means of communication being by way of 
Streams and rude nails made here and there by the red men or their legiti- 
mate l11 wild cowboys. Instead of ordering a lower berth 
and arranging for tho of pounds of extra baggage, the traveling sales- 
man inquired at the nearest Indian shack for a canoe or looked for a bronco 
on which to load his pack, lie was glad to get across the river, or over the 
•n any kind of extemporized b it his lone customer, wdio, perhaps, 
twenty miles away and b) no means crowded with neighbors. Such 
the rude beginn i crude methods which preceded the Northern 
ireat Northern, and the >u Short Line through the territory 
hich the vigorous young commonwealth watered by the 
nbia and its tributaries, with their busy commercial marts at Tacoma 
Othei thru ing capitals. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 93 

In 1854 Henry Sprague and his wife, who had been Miss Margaret 
Foster, determined to leave their native state of New York and seek better 
fortunes in the rapidly developing state of Iowa, buying a large tract of land 
in Floyd county, where Floyd Center now stands, and engaging quite exten- 
sively in farming. During the Civil war he was in the employ of the govern- 
ment, as a builder of hospitals for the Union soldiers, but this occupation of 
course ceased with the return of peace. Mr. Sprague removed to the state of 
Michigan in 1867, but only remained a year and then returned to Iowa, and 
located in Cherokee, Cherokee county, where he engaged in farming, but 
worked mainly at his trade of constructing flouring mills. In 1875 he re- 
moved to Oregon, where he spent the remainder of his days, and closed his 
earthly career when about fifty-nine years old. Henry Sprague was a member 
of the Baptist church, strongly Republican in his politics, and a man of 
exemplary habits, as well as excellent business judgment, and these good qual- 
ities were not lost on his son. who became the successful merchant now under 
consideration. His wife and widow met her death in a railroad acciden* 
which occurred August 25, 1902, and at the time of this untoward event 
was in the eighty-fourth year of her age. Of their five children three are 
living, and two are residents of the state of Washington, James being a citizen 
of Kelso and Frank S. of Centralia. 

Frank S. Sprague was born July 15, 1858, on his father's farm, during 
the first residence of his parents in Iowa in Floyd county. Until seventeen 
years old he attended the public schools and remained at home, deciding on 
plans of future employment. He was still a boy when he made his first busi- 
ness venture as an employe in a hardware store at San Francisco, and re- 
mained there long enough to master the details as well as some of the large 
features connected with this branch of the mercantile business. From Cali- 
fornia he came up to Portland, Oregon, and from that as headquarters traveled 
for years all over the Puget Sound country in search of trade for his house. 
A pleasant hour may be spent any time listening to Mr. Sprague' s recital of 
his experiences in those days, as a pioneer salesman in this sparsely settled 
section. No locomotive whistle awakened the echoes, nor were there any 
comfortable hotels at easy stages to welcome the weary traveler. All was raw 
and wild and rude, and Mr. Sprague was glad to get from town to town in 
canoes rowed by the Indians, whom he utilized as guides in his peregrinations. 
His experiences, adventures and mishaps would furnish material for an inter- 
esting serial story, but they were such as have been rendered impossible of 
recurrence on account of the subsequent rapid development of the northwest. 
All this, however, proved a valuable training for the future merchant, and 
when Mr. Sprague engaged in the hardware business at Centralia, in 1888, 
it was not as a novice, but as an experienced hand. What he had learned con- 
cerning the inside of this business as well as the special needs in this line of the 
population to which he catered, enabled him to make a success of his first 
mercantile adventure on his own account. He " made money," as they say 
out west, in hardware, but eventually disposed of his interests to Frank T. 
McNitt for the purpose of dealing in real estate in Centralia. He prospered 
in this line also, but. as often happens in the speculative periods "I" new towns, 
he lost his accumulations in subsequent unfortunate adventures. Occurrence 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

of this kind, however, are looked upon as matters of course by these resource- 
ful westerner.-, and soon we find Mr. Sprague challenging fate and fortune in 
an entirely new role. In 1894 he established at Centralia a dry-goods store, 
which he gave the name of " Up-to-date store," and any one who inspects its 

e methods of the proprietor is apt to admit that the 
title ■ nomer. The establishment consists of a building thirty by ninety 

feet, two stories in height, and both floors are filled with well selected stock 
of ladies' dress and fancy goods, and dress furnishings of all kinds, both for 
men and women. Mr. Sprague thoroughly understands what is wanted or 
ed by his trade, and his long experience both as a buyer and seller enables 
him to lake advantage of the market so as to obtain the most profitable results. 
much in sa\ that he is the most enterprising, as he certainly is 
the mosl popular, of all the dry-goods merchants in or near Centralia, and his 
energetic methods and business skill have enabled him to score very satisfac- 
tory financial results. Certainly the Up-to-date Dry-goods Store, considering 
that it has been in operation only eight years, has achieved a standing in the 
mercial world quite complimentary to its founder and conductor. 
Mr. Sprague, though voting the Republican ticket, has had little time for 
ral politics, and his civic services have been confined to brief membership 
n the city council. He holds fraternal relations with the Masons and Wood- 
f the World, and on the social side of life is regarded as one of the 
pleasanl companions to be found in the city. In 1886 Mr. Sprague was 
happily married to Miss Elvena, daughter of John Dun fee, an eastern man 
who gave hi- life to the Union while serving as a soldier during the Civil 
war. In [902 was planned and built the dwelling house which they now 
and whose contents and general surroundings indicate more plainly 
words that the inmates are people of taste and refinement. In this com- 
fortable residenci . one of the handsomest in Centralia, Mr. and Mrs. Sprague 
"at home" to their friends, and here they entertain all visitors 
with cordial but 1 ttious hospitality. 

LUCIUS R. MANNING. 

>ne of the rep e business men of Tacoma and one who has been 

inently identified with much of its financial and industrial activity is 

Manning, the subjeel of this brief review. In both business "and 

I circles Mr. Manning occupies an enviable position, and certainly de- 

■ cognition in this volume. 

g line of ancestors on bis paternal side, and the 

iled in book form. His great-grandfather was a 

n the Revolution" and participated in the battle of Bunker Hill. Gur- 

ominent business man of Tioga county, New York. 

on merchandising at Owego and later at 

successful career he retired in [890, and came out to 

; in [893. His wife. Sarah Adams, was a native of 

New York, and died several years ago. 

wen thi parents of Lucius 1L, who was born at 
unty, New York. July 15. 1856. The family moved to 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 95 

Waverly when lie was a young lad, and therefore he received most of his 
education in that city. His business training was gained in his father's store. 
Which he entered at an early age. He later began working in a bank, and 
so rapidly did he learn that intricate business that he was soon promoted to 
the position of cashier. By 18S5 he had acquired much ability as a business 
man and banker, and he came to the northwest to begin banking in the wide 
field that was there open to capital. In 1885 he and Charles P. Masterson, 
of Elmira, New York, organized the Pacific National Bank of Tacoma, and 
this is one of the very few banks established in those days which have sur- 
vived the stormy seas of financial panics and are still riding on smooth and 
"safe waters. Mr. Manning was made the vice-president and held some office 
in the bank until 1898. when he resigned to devote all his attention to his 
private financial enterprises, although he still retains some interest in that 
institution. Mr. Manning and his partner, Robert G. Walker, have offices at 
402-403-404 Equitable building, and do a thriving business as real estate and 
investment brokers. In 1900 Mr. Manning, with Edward Cookingham and 
his associates in the Pacific National Bank, organized a company and built 
the Tacoma Eastern Railroad, which is now a valuable property. He is 
interested in other corporations, and is the treasurer of the Tacoma and Roche 
Harbor Lime Company, the most extensive manufacturers and wholesalers of 
lime on the Pacific coast. 

Notwithstanding his close attention to business, Mr. Manning is a lead- 
ing member of the principal clubs and societies and of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, and is well liked for his genial and pleasant manners. His marriage 
took place at Columbia. Missouri, on October 10, 1888, when he became the 
husband of Miss Lucy Bass. On August 18, 1894. a son was born to them, 
who is the bearer of his father's name, Lucius. 

LONDON & SAN FRANCISCO BANK, LIMITED. 

In the days of barter and exchange, when men carried their produce 
around until they came to some one who happened to possess the article he 
was looking for and also a desire for the other man's goods, money was not 
needed, and therefore the mediums through which it passed and was stored 
for convenience of commerce, the bank, did not enter into the general scheme 
of the world's institutions. But to-day banks and the banking system are 
the means through which are transacted the complications of the world's trade, 
and it is one of the most stable as well as the most important of the elements 
of organized society. Some of these banking firms have become known to 
men engaged in business the world over, and have been important factors in 
financing many large enterprises, and it is of the branch of one of these that 
this article has to speak, the London and San Francisco Bank, limited, at 
Tacoma. Washington. 

This bank was established at San Francisco the first day of January. 
1864, and the American headquarters of the corporation are still in that city. 
The first president was Milton S. Latham, who is now deceased, and was in 
his day a very prominent California financier. It was mainly through his 
influence with London capitalists that he was enabled to found this banking 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

establishment, with houses in both cities and having the best backing in Lon- 
don and San Francisco. The present chairman of the board of directors in 
ii is I !<in Goschen, brother of the distinguished English statesman of 
that name, and the chairman of the board in San Francisco is N. D. Rideout, 
an eminent man of that city. 

i the growth and development of the bank branches were established 
in different cities of the west, [n 1880 one was put in operation at Portland, 
"ne at Tacoma in [890, and another in Seattle in February, 1901. The bank 
at Tacoma is under the management of S. M. Jackson, whose connection with 
the corporation .^ocs back twenty years. This bank is now located in the 
'i building, corner of Thirteenth street and Pacific avenne, and its beauti-' 
fnl quarters have heen elegantly fitted up in a modern style. 

The bank's eastern correspondent is J. P. Morgan & Company. Al- 
though it has unlimited hacking the management is very conservative, and the 
field nf its influence is constantly growing. So closely has this institution 
identified with the growth and business life of the west that it is looked 
I hi to affection by many of the older residents, and there 
doubt that its future is filled with promise of greater things than was 
■ ' 1st. 

HON. HENRY DRUM. 

rhe name of I Ion. Henry Drum is inseparably interwoven with the 
iv of Washington, and an enumeration of the men who have con- 
ferred honor and dignity upon the state would be incomplete without definite 
reference to the subject of this review. Now a leading business man of 
Olympia, lie has served as mayor of the city of Tacoma, and was a mem- 
I the state legislature during its first two sessions, at which time he 
"I 1 ";"'! Factor in framing the laws of the state and shaping the 
destiny oi this now great commonwealth of which he is a most worthy 
citizen. 

Mr. Drum is a native of Illinois, horn in Macoupin county, November 

21, [857, and is of German and Scotch-Irish ancestry. His grandfather, 

Silas Drum, was born in tin tate of North Carolina and removed to Illinois 

ii earl) settlement, locating upon a farm in Macoupin 

county. There William Drum, the father of our subject, was born December 

i;. 1831, and he spenl his entire life in his native county, becoming one of 

merchants, lie married Miss Sarah McConaughey, a lady of 

try, who died during the early childhood of'her son Henry, 

the father contracted a second marriage. He was a prominent 

member -1 the M Ei tternity and served as master of his lodo- e for 

many years. 

Drum was educated in the public schools of Illinois and in the 

g Cl 1 in his native state for two 

where he engaged in teaching for one year In 

'"• U( "' '" racoi hington, and became interested in manufactur- 

me of the organizers of the Merchants National 

City, lie served as its vice president and cashier and con- 



THf 



ffFty 



^RfT 



L te%AK] 



AST. 

■n LDh 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 97 

tinned his connection with the institution until 1893, having in the mean- 
time also become interested in many other enterprises. He had become 
recognized as a leader in the ranks of the Democracy, and upon its ticket was 
elected mayor of the city. During his administration he instituted many 
improvements, and the city made rapid progress along many lines of material 
upbuilding. For three years he was the president of the school board of the 
city, during which time a number of Tacoma's fine school buildings were 
erected, and while serving as a park commissioner he labored effectively for 
the city in that direction. 

In 1889, the state having been admitted to the Union, he served as a 
member of the first state senate, being the only Democrat in the upper house. 
He served on the revenue, taxation and educational committees, and was 
prominent in securing the passage of the special educational bill for the 
cities of Seattle, Tacoma, Olympia and Spokane, which resulted in giving 
these larger cities power to inaugurate the present school system, under 
which they are enjoying superior educational facilities. His long business 
experience eminently fitted him for usefulness in formulating the first state 
legislation of the newly organized state. During ithree' different compaigns 
he has been chairman of the Democratic state central committee, and has 
rendered his party much valuable service. During President Cleveland's 
second administration, in recognition of his value to the party, he was offered 
the position of collector of customs but declined it ; after the great financial 
panic of 1893, however, in which he was forced to sustain very heavy losses, 
he accepted the deputy collectorship and acted in that capacity for two years. 
At the close of this service he received a letter from the collector of customs 
stating that he was the best posted collector in the state of 'Washington. 

In 1898 Mr. Drum made a business trip to Alaska, and upon his return 
established his office in Spokane. Soon after he was appointed a member 
of the state board of control, and this necessitated his removal to Olympia, 
the state capital, but upon the death of Governor Rogers the political com- 
plexion of the board was changed and he resigned. In 1893-4 he received 
from Governor Ferry the appointment of World's Fair Commissioner and 
discharged his duties as a member of that commission in a manner highly 
conducive to the best interests of the state. He was appointed by Governor 
McGraw a member of the board of the state reform school, and in that work- 
took much active interest, doing all in his power to forward the commend- 
able aims of the institution. In recent years he has been actively engaged 
in the handling of real estate in Olympia, also is engaged in the insurance 
business, and is stockholder in large oyster bed enterprises, which are yield- 
ing very satisfactory returns. 

In 1884 Mr. Drum was married to Miss Jessie M. Thompson, a native 
of Burlington, Wisconsin, and they have five children: William Howard, 
Laura, Barbara B., Dorothy F. and Rachael. The parents are members of 
the First Free church of Tacoma, and Mr. Drum is a York and Scottish Rite 
Mason. In the field of political life and business activity lie has won dis- 
tinction, and is numbered among the leading, influential and honored citizens 
of Washington. In the front rank of the columns which have advanced the 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

civilization of the northwest he has marched; he has been a student of the 

the times and of existing conditions, and with clarity of view he 

has rward to the future and labored conscientiously and effectively 

: vat ion and promotion of the best interests of Washington. He 

has wielded and is wielding a wide influence in public affairs, and his abil- 

both natural and acquired, make him a leader of men and molder of 

public opinion. 

HON. II ENRY PELEG BURDICK. 

m constantly receiving new additions to its population from the 
east,- in fact only a very small portion of its inhabitants can claim nativity 
the prominent men who have recently made this the abiding 
place of their home and fortunes is the Hon. Henry Peleg Burdick, a lawyer 
oi much ability, who made his reputation as a man of business and political 
affairs in the state of Wisconsin. 

Ills father, Peleg, was born in New York state, removed to Pennsyl- 
and in [854 came on to Wisconsin. His occupation was that of mill- 
right and lumberman, and he died in Polk county, Wisconsin, in January, 
111-- wife. Lucretia Stocking, who was also a native of New York 
Mate, was killed in a terrible cyclone which, devastated that part of the state 
September, 1884, and tore their home all to pieces. 

The birth of Henry Peleg Burdick occurred in Warren county, Pennsyl- 

'■'■ bi 1849. \t the age of five he came with his parents to Jefferson 

nty. Wisconsin, two years later removed to St. Croix county, the same 

here with tl ition -1 a brief period spent in Minnesota he lived 

1 [877, when all the family went to Polk county. Henry attended the 

publii of ill.- neighborhood, but when he was fifteen years old the war 

ime too strong for him to resist, and in November, 1864, he enlisted 

Paul in the first Minnesota Heavj Artillery, doing garrison duty at 

a and receiving an honorable discharge in October, 1865. He 

d continued to assist his father in his lumber and sawmill 

and. as tl u - latter had considerable legal business to transact, it 

Burdick that if he had the requisite knowledge of the pro- 

mighl be- -1 material service to his father, and subsequently find a 

d for himself. This was the way he became a lawyer. He 

! the necessary books, and during all his spare time was to be found 

11 w »a1 mighl have seemed to others very dry reading, which bore 

in his admission to the bar in Polk county, Wisconsin, in Tanuary, 

twent) iwo years he was one of the prominent practi- 

inty, and during that time became known not only 

1 the town but in the state as well. His record of public service 

the time he was allowed to practice law. for in 1880 he entered 

'in as a member of the board of county commissioners of 

m 1884 to 1887. four years, he was district attorney for his 

I m 1892 was elected a member of the state assembly, receiving a 

I fere he performed a leading part, being on 'the important 

tee ->nd chairman of the judiciary committee. In the last 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 09 

session, during the sickness of the speaker, George D. Burrows, he was made 
speaker pro tern. For seven or eight years the citizens of Osceola kept him 
in the office of president of the village, he was president of the school board 
for ten years, and was chairman of a board of special commissioners appointed 
to supervise the construction of the fifty thousand dollar courthouse for Polk 
county. 

By his constant application to business Mr. Burdick had impaired his 
health, and this led him in the spring of 1902 to come with his family to 
Tacoma. On May 1 he opened his office in the Fidelity building and has 
since been establishing: himself in the esteem of the business circles of the 

... 

city, so that he already enjoys a fair practice; his specialty is corporation law. 
He has not given up his interest in political matters, and in the campaign of 
1902 made several effective speeches for Republican candidates. He is fra- 
ternally connected with the Grand Army of the Republic, and with the Masons 
and the Maccabees. He was married' on February 14, 1876, in St. Croix 
county, Wisconsin, to Miss Angelia Gould, a native of Maine, and the four 
children who have been born to them bear the names : Lucile M., Marchia L., 
Harold Peleg; and Thelma Ruth. 



"S 



SIDNEY G. CRANDALL. 

A glance at the history of past centuries will indicate at once what would 
be the condition of the world if the mining interests no longer had a part in 
the industrial and commercial life. Only a few centuries ago agriculture was 
almost the only occupation of man. A landed proprietor surrounded himself 
with his tenants and his serfs, who tilled his broad fields, while he reaped the 
reward of their labors ; but when the rich mineral resources of the world were 
placed upon the market industry found its way into new and broader fields. 
minerals were used in the production of hundreds of inventions, and the 
business of nations was revolutionized. When considering those facts wo 
can in a measure determine the value to mankind of the mining interests. 
One who is connected with the rich mineral resources of the northwest is 
Mr. Crandall, now the president of the Cascade Copper Company of Tan una. 

A native of Binghamton, Broome county. New York, he was born in the 
year 1851, and is a son of Welch and Mary (Smith) Crandall. The father 
was a farmer in early life. He was born in Connecticut, but came of an old 
Rhode Island family, the Crandall ancestry being traced back in that state for 
two hundred and fifty years. When a young man Welch Crandall removed 
from New England to Chenango county, Xew York, settling upon a farm 
where he reared his family. In 185 1, attracted by the discovery of gold in 
California, he made an overland trip to that state and was engaged in mining 
there for a while. He spent the last days of his life in Binghamton, where he 
died several years ago. His wife is also deceased. 

Sidney G. Crandall obtained a good education, which he completed in 
the Binghamton high school, and at the age of twenty years started out in 

life on his own account, going to Milwaukee. There he found a g 1 position 

as traveling salesman for a wholesale house, his territory being the Lake 
Superior country. Later he traveled from the same city, representing the 



>A 59 



100 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Milwaukee Lithographing Company. In 1876, however, he again started 
westward and this time located in Lincoln, Nebraska, where he began busi- 
ness ^n his own account, lie-coming- a prominent real estate and financial agent 
there. It was in that city that he first became interested in the banking busi- 
nting in Lincoln the New York banking firm of Austin Corbin 
m. In [880 he removed to Grand Junction, Colorado, where he also 
engaged in hanking as the representative of the Corbin house, and he erected 
the first frame building in ('.rand Junction. To the development and im- 
emenl of that portion of the state he contributed largely by his able 
efforts, and was \er\ prominent in public affairs, serving at one time as treas- 
urer of Mesa county. In 1883 Air. Crandall left Colorado, and after visiting 
Portland and other points in Oregon and in Washington he located at Pome- 
''in, engaging in the banking business as a representative of the 
firm of Austin Corbin & Son. In [888 he removed to Tacoma, where be has 
ed, a prominent business man of this city. From that year until 
1893 he was engaged in the wholesale grocery business as a member of the 
firm of Ree e, I randall & Redman, owners of one of the largest wholesale 
limenl al that time. 
In (893, r, Air. Crandall retired from mercantile life and became 

in mining, with which branch of industrial activity he is now promi- 
nenth identified, and he has been an active figure in developing the great gold 
I interests of tin- northwestern coast, and is the president of 
the < per Company, which owns and is developing rich and valu- 

able copper and gold mines in the Cascade mountains. He is also the presi- 
ded "I the !•• ■ Mining Company, owning a gold property, and is finan- 
cially interested in mines in Montana and other places. He is considered an 
authority on mining questions, and his investments have been judiciously 
s now reaping a good financial reward for his labor. His 
; in the National Bank of Commerce building, and from 
this |wiint in- controls his various properties. 

fn O 1 indall was united in marriage to Aliss Mary Kelsey, 

and they now hav< I m 'liter, Ruth, who is residing with them at their 

lence al 8] 1 South Tenth street. This home is the abode of 

al functions are greatly enjoyed by the friends 

family. Through almost fifteen years Air. 'Crandall has resided in 

and is well known as ., pi inent and successful business man. His 

direct n ird "I" his own labors, and results not a little from 
abilitj to quickly recognize and improve an opportunity. He stands to- 
man, strong in his honor and his good name, and in the 
history of the Pugel Sound country he well deserves mention. 

M \RSII \l.l. KING SNELL. 

I King Snell, an attornej of Tacoma, was born in Ottumwa, 

nd is a son of Dr. John Marshall King, having 

arna.me from foster parents. His father was born in Fau- 

1 descendant on th< maternal side of Chief 

■ I nited States supreme court. Dr. King, having 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 101 

located at Ottumwa, Iowa, at the outbreak of the Civil war, enlisted as a 
surgeon in the Union army, and served until injured, when he returned to his 
home on the ist of November, 1864, and died on the 3rd of the same month. 
The tragic chapter which witnessed the complete orphaning of the subject of 
this sketch was closed when, during the same month, his mother, sister and 
brother died from an epidemic of smallpox, leaving him the sole survivor of 
the family. 

He was taken to the Iowa Soldiers' Orphans' Home, then located at 
Farmington, from which he was taken and adopted when seven years of age 
by William J. Snell and wife, of Primrose, Iowa. Soon afterwards he removed 
with his foster parents to Wisconsin, locating on a farm near Trempealeau, 
where his boyhood days were spent in farm work and in attendance at the 
district school in winter. At the age of fourteen his ambition reached beyond 
the narrow environment of his adopted home, and he left the farm to make 
his own way in the world. At eighteen he taught school, and devoted his 
evenings to the study of law. Finally, with money accumulated by work 
on farm, winter teaming and teaching, he was enabled to enter the Madison 
State University, Wisconsin, and graduated from the law department. He 
first located at Seymour, Wisconsin, and practiced law there until March, 1888, 
when he removed to Tacoma, Washington, where he has ever since continued 
in the active practice of his profession, his distinguishing qualities being 
energy, aggressiveness and precision, which have given him success as a trial 
lawyer. Though of late years making somewhat of a specialty of corporation 
law, he has had unusual success in the defense of criminal cases. He has a 
large law library, and has for thirteen years occupied the same fine suite of 
law offices in the Equitable building. He is well known as a sportsman ; and 
is a member of the Tacoma Chamber of Commerce, one of the hoard of 
curators of the Washington State Historical Society, and is associated with 
many public enterprises and undertakings. 

Coming to Washington ere the days of statehood, and casting in his 
fortunes with the city of Tacoma, Mr. Snell has prospered financially, and is 
the owner of considerable real estate, and has his home fronting the beautiful 
Wright park. His wife was formerly Bertha M. Denton, a cousin of the 
gallant Colonel Elmer Ellsworth of the Zouaves, and she is associated with 
him in the practice of law, being the first woman to actively engage in the 
practice of that profession in the state. Marshall K. Snell has one son, William 
Arthur Snell, by a former marriage. 

FRANK S. BLATTNER. 

Frank S. Blattner is actively connected with a profession which has im- 
portant bearing upon the progress and stable prosperity of any section or com- 
munity, and one which has long been considered as conserving the public 
welfare by furthering the ends of justice and maintaining individual rights. 
His reputation as a lawyer has been won through earnest, hones! labor, and 
bis standing at the bar is a merited tribute to his ability. He now has a very 
large practice, and his careful preparation of cases is supplemented by a power 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

of argumenl and forceful presentation of his points in the courtroom, so that 
lie never fail t impress court or jury and seldom fails to gain the verdict 
desired. 

Mr. Blattner is a native of Auburn, De Kalb county, Indiana, born in 
[867, a son of E. R. and Margaret (Rhodenbaugh) Blattner. The father was 
born in Philadelphia, and about i860 removed to Indiana, living at Auburn 
until [892, when he came to Tacoma, where he now makes his home. During 
reater part of his business career he was a commercial traveler. His 
wife is a native of Stark county, Ohio. 

Having acquired a good education in the public school, Frank S. Blattner 
studied shorthand and became an expert stenographer, and from the time he 
M until he attained his majority he was official court stenographer 
for the thirty-fifth judicial circuit of Indiana, embracing the northeastern part 
of the state. 1 Ih attention being thus called to the law, he resolved to become 
a member of the bar, and having studied for some time, he was admitted to 
ar at Auburn, tndiana, in 1888, after which he became a partner of the 
Hon, \\ . L. Penfield, who is now solicitor for the department of state and 
has represented the United States in some important international disputes 
the Hague conference, and is a distinguished lawyer. 
After practicing law at Auburn for two years Mr. Blattner came to 
ma, and for the first two months after his arrival was employed as a 
i.i|i1ht in a law office, and then, resuming practice, became associated, 
at different times, with partners of well known ability and reputation, includ- 
ing \V. II. Doolittle, B. S. Grosscup, D. K. Stevens and others. For the past 
few years he has practiced alone, and the litigation with which he has been 
ted has been of an important character, involving large interests and 
calling for marked ability and broad legal learning. 

At Auburn, in [889, Mr. Blattner was united in marriage to Miss Dora 

I le 1- 11 ■ ly known in this city, for his social qualities have made 

skill and legal ability have gained him prominence in 

bis profession. He 1- a student, earnest and discriminating, and this stands 

if the strong elements in his advancement at the bar. 

HON. GEORGE C. BRITTON. 

Whatev< aj be said of the legal fraternity, it cannot be denied 

that members of the bai have been more prominent actors in public affairs 

thi community. This is but the natural result of 

manifest and require no explanation. The ability and train- 

> which qualify one to practice law. also qualify him in many respects for 

duties which lie outside the strict path of Ins profession and which touch the 

""en ■ iety. I folding marked precedence among the members 

oi the bai of Tacoma is the Hon. George C. Britton, who for several years 

ictised here with constantl) growing success and has also been promi- 

in public affairs. 

Mr. Britton was born near Tipton in Cedar county, Iowa, and is the son 
of Thomas II. and Frances (1 1 ford) Britton, both of whom are now 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 103 

deceased. At an early day his father removed from Virginia to Iowa, and his 
mother removed there from the state of Indiana when a child with her father. 
Upon their marriage they commenced life upon a farm in the state of Iowa, 
where upon the old homestead George C. Britton was reared. His literary 
education was completed in the Northern Indiana Normal Collage at Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, where he was a student in the scholastic year of 1877-8. 
Subsequently he took up the study of law in the law department of the State 
University at Iowa City, where he was graduated in the class of 1881. He 
early displayed the elemental strength of his character in the methods by which 
he acquired his education. In order to secure advanced mental training he 
engaged in teaching school, thus winning the funds which enabled him to 
continue his own studies. He was admitted to the bar in Iowa City, Iowa, 
the 21st day of June, 1881, and practiced in Tipton, Iowa, for a year, after 
which he removed to Northville, Spink county, South Dakota, where he suc- 
cessfully practiced law for a number of years. He was also prominent in 
public affairs there, and served as a member of the constitutional convention 
which framed the organic law for the new state upon the division of the ter- 
ritory into North and South Dakota. In February, 1889, Mr. Britton located 
in Tacoma, where he has since engaged in practice. 

His legislative career is equally noticeable with his service as a repre- 
sentative of the legal profession. In 1900 he was elected a member of the 
seventh general assembly of Washington, representing Pierce county. The 
most important work which he undertook in that session was the preparation 
and introduction of house bill No. 28, "An act to establish a code of probate 
law and procedure." This bill passed the house without a dissenting vote, but 
on account of the large amount of business before the senate that body was 
not able to act upon the measure before the adjournment of the legislature, 
although it was a measure that met with general indorsement. 

In April, 1901, he was elected a member of the city council of Tacoma 
from the fifth ward and takes a very active part in the work of that bod}-. 
This election came to him entirely unsought. He is now serving as chairman 
of the judiciary committee and is a member of the committee on finance, of 
the light and water committee and the salaries committee, and is exercising 
his official prerogatives in support of every movement calculated to advance 
reform and improvement in the city. 

While residing in Dakota Mr. Britton was united in marriage to Miss 
Clara A. Wheeler, who was to him a loved companion and helpmate on life's 
journey until 1894, when she was called to her final rest, leaving two daugh- 
ters. Jasmine and Helen. The family home is at 4608 South J street, and Mr. 
Britton maintains his law office at 408-9 Berlin building. His law practice 
is of a general nature, although he makes somewhat of a specialty of probate 
matters. Admitted to the bar, he at once entered upon the practice and from 
the beginning has been unusually prosperous in every respect. The success 
which he has attained has been due to his own efforts and merits. The pos- 
session of advantages is no guarantee nor can it be secured without integrity, 
ability and industry. These qualities he possesses to an eminent degree and 
is faithful to every interest committed to his charge. Throughout his whole 
life, whatsoever his hand finds to do, whether in his profession or in his official 



104 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

duties, or in any other sphere, he does with all his might and with a deep 
se of conscientious obligation. 

EDWARD MEATH. 

Edward Meath is one of the numerous young men of Tacoma who have 

taken the management of affairs largely into their hands, and to the restless 

spirit and energy of these is due much of the phenomenal development of this 

busy western city, fur some years he has been identified with a large firm of 

ently has entered the field of public service, where he 

shows marked ability. His father was Richard G. Meath, who was born 

in the provino ! rio, Canada, but when a young man came to the United 

ik up his residence at Eau Claire, Wisconsin. He became one of 

mi rch ml-, of that place, and was also engaged in the operation 

lumber mill, [lis experience in the latter capacity induced him in 1876 

["acoma and take charge of the old Tacoma mill; he made this 

ey by rail to San Francisco and from there to Portland by the water 

route, lie was thus one of the early settlers of the place, and has been here 

ever since, lie was al our tune a town trustee and later a city councilman. 

lie is not now actively engaged in business, and has his home at the little 

eight miles south of Tacoma called Larchmont. His wife was Margaret 

Miller, a native of Canada, and she died in Tacoma. 

Edward .Meath was bom to these parents at Eau Claire, Wisconsin, in 

1871. As he came to Tacoma with the remainder of the family in 1877, his 

boyhood was passed in the eager scenes of a booming town of the coast, and 

he retains a clear memory of the development of the city from its incipient 

up to its pi I 1 ismopolitan aspect. However, as the town-fathers 

provided well i< r education, young Meath did not lack for a good mental 

train ter li chool he accepted a position with the Fidelity Security 

t Company, which had just been organized, and his interest has been 

ied in this compa nice, with the exception that for the two years, 

1895 ''''■ wnen tne h;inl times still grappled the throat of business, he held 

in the county treasurer's office. Starting in as a 
inn he made himself so useful that he now occupies the place of 
' I01 experience and ability have made him an 
expert in the abstract busir 

In loo' Mr. Meath received the Republican nomination for the office 

"I" l'i and was elected by a large majority, and this 

his ability as a man who was only thirty years old. 

,n f' | the Red Men and is president of the 

icoma. In [896 he was married in Tacoma to Miss 

lith Moorman, and their 1 ince been mad. happy by the advent of 

children, j rman and Dorothy Gertrude. 

JOIIX ('. RATHBUN. 

John (' Rathbun was born in New Haven. Connecticut, December 19, 
When at the aj his parents removed to Buffalo county^ 




JOHN C. RATHBUH. 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR. LENOX 
T1LDBN FOUND-*: 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 105 

Wisconsin, where he grew to manhood on a farm. In the fall of 1872 he 
entered the State University of Wisconsin and graduated in the scientific 
department in June, 1877. In November of the same year he was elected 
county school superintendent of Buffalo county, and was re-elected in 1879. 
In 1882 he purchased the Buffalo County Herald at Mondovi, Wisconsin, 
which he published until 1885, when he removed to Midland, Texas, where 
he published the Staked Plain and practiced law until 1889. In that year he 
removed to Olympia, Washington, and engaged in newspaper work. He was 
justice of the peace and judge of the police court of Olympia from 1891 to 
1895. He was member of the board of school directors of Olympia for six 
years, and president of the board in 1893 and again in 1897. During these 
years he published newspapers and practiced law, and also wrote a history 
of Thurston county, Washington. In the latter year he became connected 
with the Seattle Times as editorial writer. In 1902 he engaged in mining. 

In June) 1878, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Goldenberger, of Mad- 
ison, Wisconsin. His family consists of three sons, Chauncey B., John 
Charles and Vilas B. 

WILLIAM H WAPLES. 

William H. Waples, owner of the Lynden Department Store of Lynden, 
Washington, was born at Milford, Delaware, in 1X75. His parents are Magnus 
and Anna E. (Robinson) Waples, the former of whom was born in Dela- 
ware, but in 1880 removed with his family to Chicago and made that city his 
home until 1888. In 1889 he located in Washington, settling at Montesano 
in Chehalis count}', and lived there until 1896, when he removed to What- 
com, where he still resides. The Waples have a long and somewhat noted 
ancestry on the paternal side. It was founded in this country by Peter 
Waples, an Englishman, in 1698, he having obtained a grant to some land 
from the King, on the Indian river in Delaware. The great-great-grand- 
father, Joseph Waples, was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and other 
members were equally prominent. 

William II. Waples was educated in the schools of Chicago and later 
attended school in Washington. From his first business venture, he has 
been in a mercantile line. After clerking for a few years, he decided to go 
into business for himself, and in 1897, with less than one hundred dollars, 
he came to Lynden and established a store. His success shows what enter- 
prise and ability were possessed by this young man. The business house 
known as the Lynden Department Store is one of the show places of the 
town. Everything is sold here used in a home, farm or ranch, including dry- 
goods, clothing, shoes, furnishings, hardware, groceries, farm and mill ma- 
chinery, vehicles, etc., and employment is constantly furnished twelve people. 
In addition to this enterprise Mr. Waples owns the Lynden livery stables, and 
is now building near town a shingle mill with a capacity of from seventy-five 
to one hundred and fifty thousand shingles a day. He also owns a large tract 
of timber land, and is certainly one of the most prosperous men of the locality. 

In 1900 Mr. Waples was married at Whatcom to Miss Arvilla Cissna, 



L06 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

He is a Mason and a member of the Commercial Club. In his social and 
fraternal relations be is as energetic and popular as be is in business life, and 
considering bis success that is saying a good deal. 

HERMAN HOFERCAMP. 

Few are the residents of Whatcom who can claim as long connection with 

the city as can Herman Hofercamp, for since 1867 he has resided here and 

been identified with pioneer development as well as later-day progress and 

advancement. He is now conducting the store of the Bellingham Bay & 

British Columbia Railroad Company, a position which he has occupied for 

time, lie is among the worthy citizens that the fatherland has furnished 

to tin- northwest, bis birth having occurred in Germany, on the 28th of Decem- 

[835. I lis parents. George and Wilhelmina Hofercamp, were also born 

in that country, and in the year 1870 they came to the United States, settling 

in St. Louis, Missouri, where both died. Their daughter, Anna, died in 

Germany, and their son had preceded them to the new world. 

1 [erman I [ofercamp was educated in the schools of Hanover, continuing 

tudies until sixteen years of age, when he began clerking in a grocery 

I [earing much of the opportunities afforded to young men in the new 

world, be decided to try bis fortune in this country, and in 185 1 bade adieu 

ti home, friends and fatherland. He crossed the Atlantic in a sailing vessel 

which dropped anchor in the harbor of New Orleans, and thence be proceeded 

northward, going first to St. bonis and afterward to Cincinnati. Ohio. In 

[856 be went to California, making the journey by way of the Isthmus of 

Panama to San Francisco, where he was employed as a salesman in a general 

For ten yeai I >ii the expiration of that decade he came direct to What- 

c where he arrived in [867. The place at that time, however, was called 

Sehome. Mr. I [ofercamp accepted the position of storekeeper with the Belling- 
ham Bay Coal Company, with which he remained until 1875, when he left 
that companj and took up a homestead, on which be lived for seven years, 
cultivating the land and improving the property. 

In [88] he returned to Whatcom and again become storekeeper for the 
same company. I le was also postmaster of Sehome. In 1887 aIter closing out 
the stock for that company he was appointed postmaster and gave his entire 
ittention to the administration oi the duties of the office until 1891, when he 
1 'tin ncd to the company, which in the meantime had been merged into the 
Bellingham Bay & British Columbia Railroad Company. He has continuously 
served as storekeeper from [89] to the present. He has bad long experience 
in this position, and his services give entire satisfaction to those whom he 
represents. 

1 '" the 10th of Apnl. [860, Mr. Hofercamp was united in marriage t. 
Miss Jane Cecelia Francis, a native of Springfield, Illinois, who died in 1900, 
leaving three sons and two daughters: Francis, Cecelia, Hulda, Edward and 
Charli l he eli 1 ecelia, is the wife of Wadell Connell and is 

living in Whatcom Mr, I [ofercamp votes with the Republican party, to which 
he has given his support since becoming an American citizen. 



o 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 107 

JOHN J. LARSON. 

John J. Larson, a prominent and successful business citizen of What- 
com, owning and operating the finest livery line in this city, was born in 
Yoss, Norway, January 27, 1864. He is a son of Lars and lngeborg (Ma- 
ringa) Larson, the former of whom was born in 1817 and is a resident of 
Graue, Norway, where he was engaged in farming and logging. The mother 
is also a native and resident of Norway. Our subject has three brothers and 
two half-brothers, two half-sisters and two sisters : Anders, aged fifty-four 
years; Lars, aged fifty-two years; Neils, aged forty-three years; William B., 
of Whatcom ; Mrs. Anna Heigeson, of Britt, Iowa ; Bertha, of Wisconsin ; 
Mrs. Sarah Larkin, of Chicago ; and Mrs. Belle Olson, of Seattle. 

John J. Larson attended school in his native country until the age of six- 
teen years and then worked on a farm for two years. He then took advantage 
of an opportunity to come to the United States, and landed in the city of 
New York, October 10, 188 1. As he was a farmer by occupation, he started 
for the farm lands of the west, reaching Woodstock, Illinois, and in that 
locality he remained for five years. He then went to Minneapolis and worked 
there for three years in a mill, and it was in 1888 that he came to Whatcom, 
looking about for a suitable place for permanent settlement. He was soon 
employed by the Bellingham Bay Railroad Company, and continued with that 
company for eight years in the capacity of coachman and stableman, thus 
gaining a practical knowledge of a business in which he has been very success- 
ful. Mr. Larson took care of his money and later invested it in a small livery 
business at 1375 Elk street, and continued at that location until he moved into 
stables which he had erected on the corner of Elk and Magnolia streets. The 
building is a convenient and commodious one, a three-story brick structure. 
with the first floor taken up with offices, harness room, rigs ; the second floor 
with stabling, with a capacity of eighty-six head of horses. The size of this 
modern and well appointed building is fifty-five by one hundred and twenty- 
five feet, and cost Mr. Larson eighteen thousand dollars. He has now a fine 
equipment, including sixty-six head of stock, and all kinds of carriages and 
hacks, and he also conducts a general transfer and hauling business. This he 
has acquired since August, 1896, when he owned but two head of horses and 
two single buggies. 

On October 1, 1892, Mr. Larson married Sophie Peterson, who was horn 
in Sweden, and two children have been born to them : Ruth, aged seven years ; 
and Elvin, aged three years. Mr. and Mrs. Larson belong to the Lutheran 
church. In politics he is a Republican. He is an active member of these 
secret organizations : the Odd Fellows, the Maccabees, the Woodmen of 
America, the Eagles, the Elks, Rebekah lodge of the order of Odd Fellows 
and Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. Larson is one of the city's most progressive business men. He 
has built up his own business by energy and industry, and is interested in all 
the movements looking to making Whatcom one of the great commercial 
centers of the western coast. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ABRAHAM L. WALTERS. 

Abraham L. Wallers, superintendent of streets, sewers and parks, Seattle, 
Washington, was born October 3, 1861, in Muskingum county, near Zanes- 
ville, Ohio. The Wallers family were Pennsylvania Dutch. They made 
settlement in this country previous to the Revolutionary period, and were 
represented in that war and also in the war of 1812. William Walters, the 
father of Abraham L., was born in Muskingum county, Ohio, and was a 
farmer in thai county for a number of years. He died in 1881. During the 

war he enlisted for service in the Union army, but was refused admittance 
to the ranks on account of age. His wife, whose maiden name was Mary J. 
Oatley, was a native of the same county in which lie was born. Her father 
was born in this country, of Welsh descent, and he was at one time sheriff of 
Muskingum county. William Walters and his wife had two sons and six 
daughters, the daughters being: Miss Manuella C. Walters, a teacher in the 
publii of Denver, Colorado; Mary Ida, wife of Milton Sperry, pn> 

; languages, New Salem, Ohio; Anna Belle, wife of Gustave Steinke, 
a wheat grower of Walla Walla. Washington; and Laura Brown, Elizabeth, 
and .Martha Olive, deceased. One son, James G, died February 10, 1887. 

Abraham L. Walters was educated in the common and high schools of 

erset, Ohio, finishing his studies there in 1878, and that year going to 

where he engaged in mining on Frying Pan river, and at Canyon 

City and Colorado Springs. He remained in Colorado until August, 1888, 

he came to Seattle and clerked for James Park, the contractor for the 

Central and South schools. After two years spent with Mr. Park, he was 

ed in the n al e tate business two years. In 1895 he went to work under 

Mayor Byron Phelps, as foreman of the street department, and continued 

thus occupied until December 10, 1902, when he was appointed street com- 

ssioner by Mayor T. J. Humes, which makes him a member of the board 

ublic works. 

Mr. Walters was married February 6. 1896, to Clara A. Smith, a native 
of Minnesota, and a daughter of !'.. F. Smith, a carpenter of Seattle, Washi- 
ngton. £ her ancestors also fought in the Revolutionary war and 
the war <>f [812, and her maternal grandfather, Rev. E. R. Pinney, was prom- 
inently associated with Horace Greeley, Henry Ward Beecher and others in 
the a ment. She is of French and English descent. Mr. and 
Mis. Walters ha • m, Frank Oatley Walters, who was born October 
Fraternally, Mr. Walters is a member of the Independent Order of 

NOAH B. COFFMAN. 

Fhe Coffman, D ib on and Company Bank at Chehalis, Washington, of 

which Mr. pre ident and manager, is one of the leading finan- 

Stitutions of Lewis county and was first organized on August it. 1884. 

' bank under the name of Coffman and Allen, Charles H. 

Allen being the other partner; at the hitter's death Mr. Coffman conducted 

lli ne for a time, and in [889 it was organized as the First Na- 

"• ll Bank > • Nlr - l offman, John Dobson, Francis Donahoe, W. M. Uquhart 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 109 

and D. C. Millett being the principal holders of the fifty thousand dollars' 
stock. In 1896 the national bank charter was dropped, and since then it 
has been conducted as a private bank under the same stockholders, who are 
men of unquestioned financial reliability. The bank does a general bank- 
ing business and is the oldest and largest bank in southwestern Washington, 
this success being due in a large measure to Mr. Coffman's liberal methods 
and able financiering; the institution has been of much service to the business 
of Lewis county and is a credit to its worthy and respected stockholders. 

Noah B. Coffman is of good German ancestry, who took up their abode 
in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, at a very early day in the history of the 
country. His father, Noah B. Coffman, was a native of Virginia and mar- 
ried Miss Margaret Wimp, who was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. 
In 1858 they removed to Champaign county, Illinois, and there was spent the 
major portion of their lives; late in life he retired from active business and 
came to Washington to spend hib declining years with his children, where 
he passed away, honored and revered, at the age of eighty-three, in 1899. He 
was one of the organizers of the Republican party, and was numbered among 
the liberty-loving citizens who have done so much to make the prosperity of 
the country. His good wife still survives him and resides in Chehalis. Their 
four living sons are all in business in this city. Their eldest son, William 
Henry Harrison, offered his services in the defense of the Union and lost his 
life in the Missouri campaign; he was a member of the Tenth Illinois Cavalry. 

The birth of Noah B. Coffman occurred at Crawfordsville. Indiana, on 
the 2d day of April, 1857. He graduated from the University of Illinois in 
the class of 1878, and on reaching man's estate came west to cast in his 
lot with the growing state of Washington, where he has since made excellent 
use of the opportunities offered him. In 1883, m the month of October, he 
married Miss Adaline Tighe, who was born in Cuba but was reared and 
educated in Boston. They have become the parents of two daughters and 
a son : Florence Adaline, Ethelin M. and Daniel Tighe ; the daughters are 
graduates of the high school and are now in college. The family are mem- 
bers of the Episcopal Church, of which Mr. Coffman is the clerk of the vestry; 
for some years he has been treasurer of the Episcopal jurisdiction of western 
Washington and was thrice elected a delegate to the church conventions of the 
United States. He also holds membership in the Masonic fraternity. Mr. 
Coffman takes an active part in the affairs of the Republican party ami served 
as a delegate to the national convention which nominated Mr. McKinley for 
the presidency, also being a member of the committee appointed to notify Mr. 
McKinley of his election. 

JOHN WEST. 

The native sons of Lewis county who are approaching the period of 
middle age are not very numerous, for the county is still young, and the 
greater part of its population is made up of men who have come from the 
east, seeking a share in the boundless opportunities here afforded to the enter- 
prising and energetic. But we have an exception in the case of John West, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

s grown up in Lewis county and lias become one of the successful 
business men of the city of Chehalis. 

His lather was William West and was a native born Englishman, his 

in [837. After he had reached manhood he came to the 

United Si ti . nd in [854 settled in Illinois. He was married there, and 

afterward he and his wife and their first born set out for the west with 

ule team. They took up their residence in Lewis county, and he has been 

inenl farmer all his life. He is a member of the Episcopal church, 

and as the candidate of the Democratic party has been elected and has served 

two terms as treasurer of the county, and also as auditor. His first wife was 

Miss Hannah Dobson, a native of the state of Illinois. The girl, Dora, who 

with them across the plains, is now deceased, and the five children 

born i" them while in Washington are as follows: Robert, who died in his 

twenty first year; John was next in order of birth; Henry is a resident of 

( 'hchalis and the owner of the electric light plant ; Thomas died in his sixteenth 

year; and William resides in Chehalis. The mother of these children died in 

1875, and Mr. West chose for his second wife Hattie Scammond, a native of 

Maine, and the one daughter born to her has been named Hattie. 

John Wesl was born on his father's farm in this county, on June 24, 

The educational facilities of the country at that time were nothing 

remarkable, and consequently John got more training from the school of 

rience than from the house of learning, which he attended at irregular 

intervals. I Hit in spite of these hindrances he has become a well informed 

man and has made a creditable record in business circles. The beeinnings of 

his mercantile career were rather humble, for his first venture on his own 

account was a small candy store. But he was progressive, his enterprise flour- 

ished, and in [894 he opened his large flour, feed, produce and grocery estab- 

■ nt. lie has a double store, one twenty-four by one hundred feet and the 

other twenty-four by fifty, and he has an extensive trade and enjoys the con- 

; the peopk 

Mr. West is a Democrat and at the present time is serving his third term 

11 the city council. He was married on September 17. 1893, to Miss Emma 

hire, a native of [llinois, and her father. Israel Burkshire, is of English 

Mr. and Mrs. West reside in a nice home in Chehalis and are much 

med in social circles. 

Wll I I \.\i I. A SALLE. 

ham La Salle is the capable superintendent of the Chehalis Fir Door 

. and also a stockholder and one of the organizers. The organization 

completed on Februar) 15, [902, and it has an entirely 

1 PJai ' ped with modern machinery and everything necessary to its 

The mill ghty by one hundred and fifty feet, the dry kiln is 

ighty, the Mean, kiln forty by twent) six, and the warehouse twentv- 

- ighl The grounds have an excellent location and 

facihti d, and the demand for the fir doors is con- 

"'>• u,i I < Rush is the president of the firm ; E \ Frost is vice 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. Ill 

president; Joe A. Gabel, now the state librarian, is secretary; Dr. J. T. Cole- 
man is treasurer; and Mr. La Salle is superintendent. All are gentlemen 
of means and reliability, and the success of the Chehalis Fir Door Company 
is assured, and it cannot but prove of great benefit to the owners and to the 
city. 

The La Salle family orginated in France, and some of its members came 
to America prior to the Revolution. Great-grandfather La Salle was a sol- 
dier on the side of the colonies in that war. His son, John P., was born in 
Vermont in 1801, and during the greater part of the ninety-one years of his 
life was actively engaged in tilling the soil, passing away in 1892. His son 
William was also a native of Vermont, and after his marriage removed to 
Wisconsin, but when the Civil war broke out he enlisted and served through- 
out the struggle as second lieutenant of the Third Wisconsin Cavalry. At the 
close of the war he went west, but soon afterward died, leaving his widow 
and only son alone in the world. This estimable lady still survives in her 
fifty-eighth year, and makes her home in Portland, Oregon ; her maiden name 
was Frances La Salle, and she was a second cousin of her husband. 

William La Salle was the only son mentioned above, and his birth oc- 
curred in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, on November 26, 1856. He received his edu- 
cation in the high school at Stevens Point, Wisconsin, and in the Spencerian 
Business College at Milwaukee. He followed the inclination which he had 
had from youth and learned the carpenter's trade, and for eight years fol- 
lowed the pursuit of contractor and builder in Wausau, Wisconsin ; many of 
the best buildings in that city are the products of his skill. But, being attracted 
by the possibilities of the west, he came to Seattle on the first day of April, 
1889. He first accepted the position of superintendent of a large lumber com- 
pany, later held the superintendency of the concern of Wheeler, Osgood & 
Company, at Tacoma, for eight years, then spent a short time in Portland, 
Oregon, after which he came to Chehalis and brought about the organization 
of his present firm. 

The marriage of Mr. La Salle took place in 1882, when Miss Marion 
Moss became his wife; she is a native of Massachusetts, and her father, Ed- 
ward Moss, was a native of England. Their one son, Guy E., has almost 
reached manhood. Mr. and Mrs. La Salle attend the Presbyterian Church, 
while he is a good Republican and a member of the Masonic fraternity. He 
is a practical mechanic, and it is owing to this faculty that he has made a 
success of his life work, and he now enjoys the esteem of the business and 
social circles of Chehalis. 

ARTHUR CHARLES ST. JOHN. 

Arthur Charles St. John has served two terms as county treasurer of 
Lewis county and is a member of the firm of Frank Everett & Company, 
which is the largest and most complete hardware establishment in the county. 
Chehalis is not an old town, as that term is used of a place in the east, but 
the enterprise and pioneer spirit of its inhabitants have caused to spring up 
within its limits business houses which have had a growth and prosperity 



Hi' HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

almost phenomenal and unknown in the east. Such is true of this firm, which 
has a large store and warehouse and carries an immense stock of heavy and 
i all descriptions, farm implements, and also a line of fur- 
niture. Mr. Everett is also the president of the Chehalis Furniture Manufac- 
turing Company, and there is a branch of this concern in the store. 

The French ancestors of Mr. St. John settled in this country about the 

time of the Revolution, and his father. Charles Oscar, was horn in Ohio in 

I [e has -pent his life in farming and merchandising and has resided in 

differenl parts of the country. He came to Chehalis in 1884 and settled on 

his present fine farm of tour hundred acres, where he has been engaged on an 

exten le in raising Durham cattle and a high standard of horses; his 

• situated on the Chehalis river, and is in many ways a model of its 

lie has always been Republican in his political sympathies, but has 

never ii d office, and he is a good Presbyterian. He married Mary E. 

Aldrich, who was born in Ohio; she died in 1S96 at the age of fifty-seven, 

and four children were born to her: Mrs. J. E. Stearns, residing in Lewis 

county; Mrs. David Urquhart, of Chehalis; and Miss Gertrude, at home. 

Arthur Charles St. John is the second of this family in order of birth, 
and was born in Monterey county. California, October 9, 1869. He was 
educated in the school- of Lewis county and of his native state, and later in 
the Collegiate Institute at Olympia. His business career began when he 
osition as a clerk in the land office in Olympia, and then for seven 
years he was employed as assistant cashier in the bank in Chehalis. He has 
been a popular member of the Republican party, and in 1898 was elected 
treasurer of Lewis county, and again in 1900. He purchased his interest 
in the above mentioned company on January 1, 1902, and while Mr. Everett 
1 charge of the furniture manufactory, he will manage the hardware 

Mr. St. John was married in September, 1892, to Miss Laura B. Marr. 

who 1- ,-i native of the state of Kansas, and whose father, Robert Marr, is 

1 leading druggist oi Olympia. They are earnest members of the Presby- 

I hurch, and he enjoys the social connections of the Ancient Order of 

ed Workmen. The wesl abounds in wide-awake, vigorous young men, 

who are making fortunes from the great possibilities of the new country, and 

t the same time are assisting in the development of what will at some day 

onderful country in the world, and Mr. St. John may well be 

1 ami bold workers of the west. 

SAMUEL II. NICHOLS. 

Li the ni of the great west, which have only recently been 

•ht forth from the primeval wilderness, success depends entirely upon 

nd industry, and among those who have risen to prominence and 

me through these 1 are now enjoying the fruits of their long and 

ful can tar) of the state of Washington. j3ack 

country the English ancestors of Mr. Nichols 

bout th< year [632, and history records that his 






IT1LI). * A;ND 



ONsI 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 113 

great-grandfather, John Nichols, fought in the Revolutionary war. Lemuel 
Nichols, the father of our present subject, was born in Maiden, Massachu- 
setts, and there married Miss Lucy Lee Fesendon, of Lexington, Massachu- 
setts, who came from an equally old American family, some of whose mem- 
bers also participated in the war for independence. Lemuel Nichols was 
for many years a sea captain. In 1855 he retired from the dangers and 
toils of the sea and removed to Minnesota, where with his two sons he 
cultivated and improved a large farm, the sons, George L. and Samuel H., 
carrying on the business of the farm and engaging principally in stock- 
raising. 

Samuel H. Nichols, a son of Lemuel and Lucy (Fesendon) Nichols, 
was born in Maiden, Massachusetts, in the year 1835, an d. as recorded 
above, removed with his father to Minnesota and assisted in running the 
farm. Mr. Nichols' first vote was cast for Abraham Lincoln, and he has 
since been a very active Republican. At the time of the Indian outbreak 
and massacre of the settlers he was appointed, by. Governor Ramsey of Minne- 
sota, captain of a militia company, and at the* head of his company he took 
an active part in the suppression of the reds -and '-was -engaged in various skir- 
mishes. Later he also served in the office of the provost marshal at Rochester, 
Minnesota. He was clerk of the house of representatives of Minnesota three 
terms and was clerk of the supreme court eleven years. It was in 1891 that 
Mr. Nichols, becoming impressed with the possibilities of the Sound country, 
came directly to what is now the very prosperous antT growing city of Ever- 
ett. He was one of the very first men to assist in starting the town. He 
served as one of its first councilmen and filled all the town offices, assisting 
largely in the development of the city. He carried on an extensive business 
in real estate, and in 1896 was chairman of the Republican county central 
committee. Later he was elected to the office of chairman of the Republican 
county central committee. In 1899 Mr. Nichols received the nomination of 
secretary of state, made a strong campaign, and was easily elected to the 
place which he is now filling to the highest satisfaction of all his constitu- 
ents, thus showing his eminent fitness for the office. 

Mr. Nichols' marriage occurred in 1862, when Elizabeth S. Hurd, a 
native of the state of New Hampshire, became his wife. She was of old 
English ancestry and was a daughter of Asa Hurd, of New Hampshire. 
To this union have been born six children, as follows: William A., who 
was his father's chief clerk, and died in 1891, of typhoid fever. He was 
a young man of splendid capabilities and of high character, and his loss 
was very deeply felt. The remaining children are: Augustus S., who is 
in business at Everett; Edna M., the widow of George K. Kent; Lizzie, who 
is now Mrs. F. J. Riley; Mary E. ; and Ethel L., who is now Mrs. W. C. 
Fowler. Mrs. Nichols is actively interested as a member of the Episcopal 
church, and the family are all residents of Everett and enjoy the high es- 
teem of all the citizens of that place. Mr. Nichols is a prominent member 
of the Masonic fraternity and the Elks, and is much esteemed for his high 
character. His success is the result of honest effort, and his life may well 
serve as a model for the future generations. 

8* 



Ill HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

DAVID STEWART. 

The family to which Mr. David Stewart belongs has its origin far back 
in the history of Scotland, when elan fought elan, ana the land was the scene 
of bli fe with its would-be master. England. It is pleasant to con- 

template the pasl of our ancestors, even if we should be led into the melan- 
choly conclusion of Hamlet, for the present is ever the product of the past, 
inherit, to some degree at least, the good and bad of their forefathers. 
John Stewart, the father of David, was born in Lanarkshire, Scotland. He 
married a lady of Scotch birth and ancestry, Elizabeth Fergeson, and in 1857 
they emigrated to Canada, settling in what is now Petersboro, Ontario. He 
a customs official in Scotland, but took up farming when he arrived 
in An erii I he fact that they were Scotch Presbyterians is all one requires 

who is familiar with that worthy sect as evidence of their firm principles of 
moral conduct and noble character; for many years he was an elder in that 
church. His death occurred in 1890, when seventy-six years of age, and his 
wife died in 1S71. They were the parents of ten children; four sons and 
four daughters reached maturity, and seven of these are living, two of them 
in Washington. Peter Stewart is in the hotel business in Tenino, Thurston 
county. 

1 id Stew. art. one of the prominent law firm of Reynolds and Stewart, 

ami the present prosecuting attorney of Lewis count}', was born in Glasgow, 

land, Augusl to. [848. As he was only nine years old when he was 

brought to America, most of his education was received in Canada. When 

d decided t. 1 make the law a profession he went into the office of Hon. 

I ("Hand .if Brainerd, .Minnesota, who was afterwards a member of 

\iter a thorough course of study there, in which be gained much 

cal knowledge which proved of so much benefit when he began 

' '■ ii elf. I,,- was admitted to the bar in May. 1875. The first 

of his labor- was in Bismarck, Dakota, and he continued there until 

1889, when he came to Chehalis. lor the first few months he practiced alone, 

of [890 the linn of Reynolds and Stewart was established, 

nd it has sim ..1' the recognized leaders among the lawyers of 

the county. 

Mr Stewart has keen prominent in politics as a member of the Repub- 

party. While in Brainerd, Minnesota, he was elected city justice, and 

- position in Bismarck, Dakota, lie is a man firm in his con- 

"ghl and imbued with public spirit which makes him an 

11 of ••'(•, 1 value to a community. This was soon recognized in Chehalis. 

n July 1. [894, he w cl en mayor of the city, and was continually 

ted, so thai he filled that position until July 1, 1901. During this period 

1' the important improvements which have made Che- 

I a model municipality were accomplished, and much of the credit 

'" ' r. In toco he was elected prosecuting attorney of the 

ernal connection: are with the Ancient Order of United 

•""' In- is in th( .Hi Conor of that order. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 115 

HON. ALONZO E. RICE. 

The present incumbent of the office of judge of the superior court of 
Lewis, Pacific and Wahkiakum counties, Washington, comes of good Welsh 
and Irish ancestry, and has, through his own efforts, raised himself above 
mediocrity and forged ahead into the class of those who "do things." His 
grandfather, Eleazer Rice, came to Ohio when that country was as sparsely 
settled as the western coast is at the present time ; he made his home in Cuya- 
hoga county, and it was there that his son Alonzo was born, in September, 
1819. The latter came to Illinois and settled in Fayette county, where he 
married. When a young man he was in that characteristic and venturesome 
life of the Mississippi flat-boatman, in which he became acquainted with that 
roistering, reckless class, which has passed away with the onward advance 
of civilization. But retiring from this pursuit he purchased a farm in Fay- 
ette county, on which he resided during the latter part of his life. He and 
his wife were members of the Methodist church, and he was a worker in the 
Sunday-school, being noted for his integrity of character and worthy efforts 
for the benefit of his fellow men. He became acquainted with and remained 
a life-long friend of that great Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, and supported 
him during his wonderful career in politics. Flis wife was Esther Owen, 
a native of the state of Ohio and a daughter of James Owen, who had served 
in the war of 1812. The elder Mr. Rice died January 3, 1898, aged seventy- 
eight years, but his wife still resides in Glenwood, Iowa, having also readied 
the age of seventy-eight. There were seven children in their family, and five 
sons and a daughter are still living. 

Alonzo E. Rice is the only member of this family who has made his home 
on the western slope of the Rockies. He was born on May 6, 1S57. After 
receiving a good general education in the Central University at I Vila, Iowa, 
he earned his own living for a while by teaching school, but he bad not yet 
reached the point where he felt he was prepared for life, and he began reading- 
law in the office of a law firm in Knoxville, Iowa. His knowledge of tins 
wide field w-as soon extensive enough so that he was admitted to the bar in 
1883. In the meantime he had been allowed to practice in the courts of inferior 
jurisdiction, and in 1882 had removed to Nebraska, where he practiced until 
he came to Washington. In the fall of 1883 he was elected county surveyor, 
having been well grounded in the profession of civil engineering, and in the 
following year he was chosen to the lower house of the Nebraska legislature, 
where he served one term. In rSgo he came to Centralia, Washington, and 
this has since been his home and place of business. He had been here only 
two years when he was elected to the office of prosecuting attorney of Lewis 
county, and the record of his official duties in this capacity bear-, the marl:- of 
efficiency and ability. During his term a remarkable case occurred in which 
two physicians were tried for manslaughter, and he succeeded in convicting 
both. The paper which he drew againsl them in this case was so clear and 
forceful that it was incorporated in the American and English Encyclopedia 
of Forms as a model complaint. His election to the bench of the superior 
court came in 1900. Since he has been in this position his decisions have 
seldom been reversed by a higher court, his instructions to the jury have 



L16 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

been clear and concise— not a common characteristic of such documents— 
and he has gained the reputation of being an exceedingly competent trial 

judge. 

When not on the bench the judge was very prominent in the councils of 
the Republican party, campaigning the state under the auspices of the state 
central Republican committee; in tin's way he performed some very valuable 
service for his party in the uncertain and" troublous days of fusionism. He 

prominent member of the Masonic lodge, having served as grand orator 
of the grand lodge of the state, and is a past master of the lodge. He also 
belongs to the Independent Order of Red Men. 

i [e married, February 12, 1903, Mrs. S. F. Rector, of Centralia, a daugh- 
ter of X. I.. Strange and Angel ine (Dickey) Strange, both living in Whitman 
county. Mrs. Rice was in the drug business in Centralia, and is a competent 
court reporter and has always taken an active interest in public affairs. 

B. H. RHODES. 

The ancestry of the Rhodes family is Scotch and English, and the record 
is complete back into the eighteenth century. One of the incidents of the 
grandfather Rb ides recalls one of the favorite customs of England 
in recruiting her great sea power. While Mr. Rhodes was in Liverpool one of 
ruisers lying in the harbor there sent their recruiting officers around, 
and. ithers, impressed Mr. Rhodes into what was to him a distasteful 

service He served faithfully, however, anil was finally promoted to be ser- 
The Revolution was at this time in progress, and one day, as the vessel 
was at >.'ew York, Sergeant Rhodes was given shore liberty and availed him- 
self of the opportunity to desert, lie at once enlisted in the patriotic army 
and was a zealous defender of the cause until the end. He then located in 
New York and later in New Jersey, in which latter place he died. 

His son was born while the father resided in New Jersey, lived there 

all bis life and followed the trade of miller and millwright. The next one 

di Hi was Theodore B. Rhodes, who was born in the 

!■ 1 in [835. lie is one of flie Civil war veterans, having 

1 Pennsylvania battery, lie has resided in various portions of the 

nion, in the cist, in Kansas, and later came to the Pacific coast. At present 

1 citizen of Centralia, Lewis county, where he came in 1888. 

1 !<• in irried Elizabeth V Long, a native of Pennsylvania, and the five children 

the in 1 all living. The mother died January 7, 1903. Three 

1 are in \\ ashington, one in ( )regon and one in California. The 

prominenl member of the Lewis county bar and makes 

bis home 

e prefal raphs bring us to Mr. B. II. Rhodes, who is the 

of the al parents and the incumbent of one of the important 

in the county, lie was born during the residence of his 

on ^pril 3, r866. His father soon after- 

ed to the new f ] as, and the great part of his preliminary 

ition was in the chools of Marion. For the next seven years 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 117 

lie was employed as a pedagogue in the states of Kansas and Oregon, and 
so successful was he that he was chosen principal of the schools in Milwaukee 
of the latter state, which position he held during 1887. At the close of this 
work he came to Lewis county and engaged in the abstract business in Cen- 
tralia. At the same time he was preparing himself for the profession of law 
by reading Blackstone and other commentaries in the office of his brother, with 
such success that he was admitted to the county bar on June 13, 1893, and in 
the following year to the bar of the supreme court. He at once began his 
practice in Centralia, which he continued up to April, 1898. He was one 
of the young men who volunteered their services af that time for the war 
against Spain, and as a member of the First Washington Volunteer Infantry 
was sent to the Philippines, being the first sergeant of Company M. He 
participated in all the battles during the time of his service, and on August 25. 
1899, was made second lieutenant of his company, as a reward for meri- 
torious conduct. With the remnant of his regiment he returned home, and 
received his honorable discharge in San Francisco on the 1st of November, 
1899, and then returned to Centralia. 

Mr. Rhodes has always been one of the stalwarts of the Republican party, 
and in November, 1900, he was elected county clerk of Lewis county; in 
connection with bis duties in this office he was also clerk of the superior 
court of the county. He proved himself a very capable official in this position, 
and in IQ02 was again nominated and elected to succeed himself. 

In April, 1889, Mr. Rhodes became the husband of Miss Lillian M. 
Weatherston, who was born in the state of Oregon. Her father, Adam 
Weatherston, was one of the pioneers of that state, and the Oregon City mills 
and the Walla Walla mills are monuments to his constructive ability. One 
son was born of this union, Jay C, who is now attending school. In Novem- 
ber, 1891, Mr. Rhodes lost his first wife, and on June 3, 1896, he married 
Miss Amanda E. Willard, a daughter of Alexander Willard, now a resident 
of Chehalis, and her native state was Kansas. Another son was born by 
this marriage, Horace B. Mr. Rhodes takes an active interest in various 
fraternal organizations; he was made a Mason in the Centerville Lodge No. 
63, and is senior warden of the lodge ; he has been a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen since 1890. He has a nice home in Centralia and 
is very popular in social circles. 

ULYSSES EDGAR HARMON. 

The Harmon family traces its ancestry back to an old English stock, 
some members of which emigrated to this country and settled in the states 
of Vermont and New York, where they bore an important part in the early 
development of the east. Asa Harmon was born in that city known to every 
loyal American, Bennington, Bennington county, Vermont, in 1827. In 
1S52 he married Lucy Snow, after which he removed to Ontario county, 
New York, but a few years later came farther west and took up his home 
in Kalamazoo, Michigan. He was a minister of the Christian Church, and 
when the Civil war broke out he enlisted in the spring of 1861 in the Union 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

army as chaplain of the Third .Michigan Cavalry, serving to the end of the 

war. Returning to Michigan in 1S65, he remained for a few years and then 

his family to southern Illinois, where in connection with his ministry he 

cultivated a farm. In [883 he made the last long move of his life, coming to 

1 ewis county, Washington, where he purchased a farm in this fertile region 

ined until his death, which occurred when he was seventy-three years 

[900. His wife still survives and makes her home with 

ses, being now seventy-four years old. 

dgar Harmon was born while his father made his home in 

Kalam ,. Michigan, on October 26, 1864. He was educated in the schools 

1 Illinois. He first engaged in teaching school, and after coming 
1 Lewis county was elected superintendent of the county schools for two 
re elected for another term. He had already decided, how- 
thai the life of the educator was not the best held of his endeavor, and 
while 111 this last mentioned office he was spending his leisure time in 

the reading of law, with such good results that he was admitted to the bar 
at the expiration of his term. 1 [e took his place among the active practitioners 
of ( ihehalis in [893, and in November of that year formed a partnership with 
Mr. Millett, which is still in existence and is one of the most prosperous law 
- of the city. Besides having their share of the general practice they 
pecialtj of probate business, and they have an excellent reputation 
in this branch of the profession. 

7 Mr. Harmon married Miss Ellen M. Roundtree, who has the dis- 
tincti tig born in Lewis county, and her father, Martin, was a settler 

in the territory as far back as [853, almost in the hazy period of the history 
of the Pacific coast. The names of the four children born of this union are 
Warren O., Eva S., Claude l'>. and Cora. The parents are both members 
of the Christian church, and he is an elder. I fe has passed all the chairs in the 
fraternal orders of the • )dd Fellows and the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and holds membership in the Woodmen of the World and Masons; he 
- often been ol ce to these fraternities as a public speaker. He belongs 

to the Republican party, and, because of the deep interest he has taken in the 
if the veterans of the Civil war, has been chosen an honorary member 
it and \11uv of the Republic. 

J. E. WILLIS 

ntj thre< Chehalis was a mere post-village, boasting of 

tut which now make it one of the promising 

It was when the town was thus, as it were, in its infancy, 

W illis canv establi lied himself as an aspiring young attorney 

take charge of any legal transactions which his would-be clients 

p wuli the town, has become identified with 

which have aided it^ development, and his place as the 

in honorable one and a source of just pride and gratification. 

I lis ancestral hist lm t as far back as the settlement of America 

r aboul H Puritan of English stock came to this coun- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 119 

try and settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where lie was a man of consid- 
erable distinction. Further along in the history of this country and of the 
Willis family, we find that great-grandfather Willis participated in the Revo- 
lutionary war. The latter's son. William T.. was born on the Monongahela 
river. West Virginia, and later located in Canton, Georgia, where he was 
an eloquent minister of the Christian church, which had only shortly before 
come into existence. One of his children born during the period of his resi- 
dence in Canton was William T.. Jr., the year of whose birth was 1822. 
He followed the occupation of farming; he was a firm believer in the political 
principles advocated by the Whig party, but did not live long enough to see 
their triumphant outcome, for he died in his thirty-second year, in 1855. He 
married Mary Mulkey McCartney, a native of central Tennessee; her ances- 
tors were Protestants from the north of Ireland, her grandfather was a soldier 
in the Revolution, and members of her family, as well as that of the Willises, 
took part in the Civil war. She is now in the seventy-fourth year of her age 
and resides in Eureka, Kansas, which has been the home of the family for 
many years. The two children born of her marriage with Mr. Willis are. 
still living; the daughter, Ellen J., is the wife of Frederick Shaw and resides 
in Eureka. 

The other child of these parents was J. E. Willis, who claims Illinois as 
his native state, being born on October 19, 1850, during the residence of his 
parents in Pinckneyville, Perry county. The early death of his father had 
deprived the family of many of the comforts which he could have provided, 
and as soon as he became old enough he was compelled to shift largely for 
himself. Fie gained his education by bis own efforts, and is thoroughly de- 
serving of the title of a self-made man. His youth was passed in Illinois, hut 
he removed to Kansas in 1870, and attended school at Emporia, and. finally 
settling at Eureka, Kansas, began reading law in the office of W. C. 1 luffnian, 
of that place, and so much was his success that he was admitted to the liar in 
May, 1878. But he did not cease his efforts at this point, hut has always 
been a thinking student of bis profession, and also deeply interested in affairs 
of general importance, so that an acquaintance with him soon reveals the fact 
that he is a well rounded, practical gentleman, conversant with his business 
in all its details. He owns a good technical library and also a good selection 
of general works. On gaining admission to the bar Mr. Willis came at once 
to Chehalis, arriving here on the first of May, 1879. He has given special 
attention to real estate, commercial and municipal law. and has made a suc- 
cessful career mainly along these lines. 

He married, before coming to this state, in 1877, Miss Jessie Enterkine, 
a lady of Scotch ancestry. They have one daughter, wdio is a student in the 
State University. Mr. Willis cast his first vote for General Grant, hut since 
then has been most of the time on the Democratic side of the political fence, 
although^ he holds himself strictly independent in such matters and gives his 
vote to the party or men which come nearest to his id< al I l< served for two 
years as postmaster of Chehalis. lie is a member of the Knights of Pythias 
and Woodmen of the World, and is a very popular citizen of the community. 



120 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

C. H. SPRINGER. 

One of the great industries in the state of Washington is the manu- 
facture of lumber from the vast areas of timber which abound there. And 
one of these successful enterprises is the Olympia Door & Sash Factory, 
which was established in 1887 by Mr. C. II. Springer and his associates, 
ami of this company Mr. Springer is now president. The business is large 
and flourishing, having a sawmill in connection, and all machinery necessary 
for the manufacture of doors, sashes, blinds and other such articles. The 
product is sold in Seattle, Portland and to the local trade. Under Mr. 
Springer's capable management the business has increased tenfold, now em- 
ploying sixty-live men, and is not only profitable to its owners but to the 
whole community as well. 

William II. Springer, the father of our subject, was a native of Ger- 
many. In his eighteenth year, in 1857, he came to California, being one 

the many young men of his fatherland who have found the rigor of the 
German military system distasteful to their independent spirits; and in these 
men t ! ; ited States has found many of its most progressive citizens. 

r a time he was in San Francisco, and in 1865 went to Portland, where 
he followed his business of lumberman. In Vancouver, Washington, he 
married Ellen Turnbull, who came to the northwest with her uncle, Captain 
Tumbull, a pioneer steamboat man of the Columbia river. The union was 
blessed with five sons and two daughters, and five are still living. The 
mother died in 1880. aged forty-two years, but the father still survives, in 
his seventy-firsl year, lie belongs to the Republican party, and is a worthy, 
upright 1 

Mr. ('. II. Springer is a native of southern Oregon, born in Josephine 

county, January [o, [861, is a graduate of the Portland high school, and has 

his whole business career in the manufacture of doors and sashes. In 

1886 Anna I a native of Illinois, became his wife, and they have three 

and 'wo dan William 11., Mabel, Clarence, Morris and Claudine. 

i identified witli the Republican party and holds membership in the 

In mi 1 of the World. 

interests Mr. Springer has a valuable mining property 

m the Squak district, which is being developed, and a large stamp mill is 

u ' 1 Th e ore, which is in great abundance, is high grade, and 

I that ,t will pav large profits. He owns property in 

< Hympia, Ballard and other pi., , and is even-where regarded as a business 

man 

Mlh ST Ml BANK. 

one 01 the important financial institutions of Centralia, Lewis county 

! Si ite Bank, It was organized in November, 1894 Mr 

.llchnsl was the chief promoter ami is now its capable president: 

Chai 5., and Frank T, McNitt also helped in the' enterprise and' 

ormer is now the cashier and the latter a stockholder and director 'The 




CtJ. /Vr ^^is^^~-~^y^ 



THf NFW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR. LENOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 






HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 121 

capital stock is twenty-five thousand dollars, and a general banking business 
is transacted. The bank has increased every year since its organization, and 
is recognized as a leading factor in the business circles of the county. 

The life of Mr. Charles Gilchrist is an interesting one. He is a native 
of bonnie Scotland, and his ancestors were lowland Scotch. Born September 
4, 1 841, he was carefully reared and educated in his native land, and when 
nineteen years of age emigrated to America. For the first seven years he was 
engaged in farming in Ontario, Canada, after which he sold out and removed 
to Washoe county, Nevada, where for nineteen years he worked in the lum- 
ber industry of that state, finding 1 very profitable field for his endeavors. 
Disposing of his interests he next went to Bodie, California, where he engaged 
in the same occupation until 1884, which is the date of his coming to Cen- 
tralia. He had become acquainted with every detail of the lumber industry, 
and he continued it here by buying a sawmill and operating it for six years. 
He then sold the mill property and established the Lewis County Bank, of 
which he was president. He later sold it to the First National Bank of Cen- 
tralia, and during the financial panic of r894 it failed. Mr. Gilchrist then 
effected the organization of the State Bank, : and has been conducting it with 
marked success ever since. 

In 1867 Mr. Gilchrist became the husband of Sarah Ann Van Scriber, 
a native of Canada, and they had two sons.' Tames is now the manager of the 
Salzer Valley Sawmill Company, in which Mr. Gilchrist and his son are 
stockholders; and Charles S. is the cashier of the bank. The death of Mrs. 
Gilchrist occurred in 1877; she had been a most devoted wife and mother, 
and her loss was also felt outside of the family circle. In 1879 Mr. Gilchrist 
married Miss Mary Fulston, who was born in Carson City. Nevada: their one 
son, Harry, is now a clerk in his father's bank. They have one of the fine 
residences of the city and are held in high esteem in society. He is a member 
of the chapter and commandery of the Masonic blue lodge and received his 
sublime degree as a Master Mason in Carson City, Nevada, in 1867. He 
votes for the success of the Republican party, but he is not interested to the 
extent of desiring office, although he held the position of postmaster while 
living in California. 

LAWRENCE BAR. 

Lawrence Bar is one of the many German-born Americans who have 
found this country a land of opportunities and have been eminently successful; 
he has been a prosperous farmer, served his adopted country in the dark < : 
of the Civil war, and now has a foremost place among the merchants of the 
city of Centralia, Washington. George and .Maria Ann (Eugner) Bai 
his parents, were born in Germany, were married there and later broughl w ith 
them to America their four children. After residing in the Mate of New 
York for twelve years Mr. Bar came with his wife and three of his sons to 
Minnesota in 1856; in Fillmore county he and each of his sons took up a farm 
of one hundred and sixty acres. He improved this and on it spent the rest of 
his life. His wife died' in 1876 at the age of seventy-nine, and he survived 



L22 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

until 1887, having attained the good old age of ninety-three years. They 
were members of the Lutheran church and people of industry and great 
reliability. 

Lawrence Bar is proud to recall that he was born in the fatherland which 
has sent forth so many eminent men to the world; he is a native of Bavaria, 
1 lermany, born there in 1838, and is the only one of the family in the state of 

hingti n. I lis early training was received in the schools of New York 
and Minnesota, and he was brought up to a farmer's life. When the first 
call for three hundred thousand troops for the Civil war went through the 
land he, with his two brothers. John and George, offered his services; he was 
enrolled in October, 1861, in Company C, Third Minnesota Volunteer In- 
fantry. While in Kentucky with his regiment he was taken with measles, 
and, as he had camped in the mud and wet, his life was despaired of, but after 
partial recovery he was sent home, and, not being strong enough for further 
duty, he received an honorable discharge in 1862. His brothers remained 
with their regiment till the close of the war. Mr. Bar's health had been so 
thoroughly undermined by the exposure of army life that he was not able to 
take up farm work again. He retained a general supervision of bis farm, 
however, and in connection opened a store in Spring Valley. Minnesota, which 
he continued till 1891. This year is the date of his arrival in Centralia. His 
first venture here was a shoe store, but he kept adding to his stock until he 
now deals in clothing, hats, caps, shoes and all manner of men's furnishing 

Is. His store, forty-eight by forty-eight feet, bad been found wholly 
inadequate to accommodate his business, and in 1902 he erected a two-story 
brick structure, thirty by one hundred feet, by far the finest business block in 
the city; it has heavy plate-glass windows, pressed brick front, and at the cor- 
nel bears the name of the man who has so fully deserved this prosperity, 

rence Bar; it is located in the center of the business district and is a credit 
i" the 1 it} Mr. Bar also owns other property in the city, and has six hundred 
o| valuable timber land. 

Mr. Bar's marriage occurred in 1878, when he became the husband of 

Mrs. Harriet II. Parsons, a native of Chautauqua county, New York; she 

ne daughter by her previous marriage, Hattie May. who is the wife 

■ Dr. E. C. Truesdell, Mr. and Mrs. Bar have one son,' William Lawrence 

who i- a .indent in his junior year at Stanford University. Mr Bar 

interested in the success of the Republican party and takes an active part 

in local affairs as a member of the city council. 

DR. JOHN II. DUMON. 

While the physician undoubtedly occupies a foremost place anion- the 

ed profess.ons, and the rewards for a successful career in this line are 

'••; l,, '' ir '," 1 ' " '"creasing number of the ambitious youth of the 

1 thori ire numerous among the roses and the successful 

ease which accompanies many of the professions 

■""' "" rew ards are b for the years of preparatory study the perS 

equired ... gel one into a good practice and the actual hardships 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 123 

which are endured in journeying in cold and rain to the patients far and near. 
Dr. Dumon, who is the pioneer M. D. of Centralia. has not only put himself 
to the front in his profession, but ranks among the capable business men of 
the city. 

The ancestry of this gentleman must be designated as French-American, 
for his father, John Francis, was born in France and emigrated to Canada, 
where he was married to Sarah Rice, who came of a family long resident in 
the new world. Coming to Smyrna, Michigan, in 1840, he purchaser! and 
improved a farm, making that his home until his death, which occurred when 
he was sixty-nine years old, in 1884. He had always borne the reputation 
of an honorable man, and had been a worthy member of the Baptist church. 
His wife survived him for many years and was seventy-five years old when 
she died in 1899. There were seven children in this family, four sons and 
three daughters, five of whom are living; but the only one living in the state 
of Washington is the Doctor. 

Although the future of man is uncertain, and the wisest of present-day 
seers could not have foretold the life of the little infant as he lay in his 
mother's arms, there was much rejoicing in the home in Smyrna, Michigan, 
when the baby John came into the world on the 26th of September, 1850. 
He spent the intervening years of childhood at his father's home and was 
carefully reared and educated, attending the graded schools and later the high 
school in Ionia, Michigan. "When it became fixed that he should study medi- 
cine for a career he went to the State University at Ann Arbor, Michigan, 
where he graduated in the medical department, March 28, 1877. For the 
next twelve years he was engaged in practice at Crystal, Montcalm county. 
Michigan, during which time he was successful and laid the foundation for 
future work. In 1889 Dr. Dumon came out to Centralia for the purpose of 
investing in some of the vast timber lands of the vicinity, and so pleased was 
he with all the environments that he decided to make this his permanent loca- 
tion ; so it was by almost accident that he became one of the prominent citizens 
of this city. He bought timber land in both Oregon and in the vicinity of 
Centralia, and at the present time holds about one thousand four hundred 
acres. He soon built up a good practice in the city, and has acquired <|in'te a 
reputation as a first-class surgeon and physician. But he has also been inter- 
ested in the growth of his adopted city and has built several houses in the place, 
being the owner of the building in the center of the business part in which 
his office is located. Many of his profession have come and gone since he 
first came to Centralia, but he has remained with his choice and become 
prosperous. 

When Mr. Dumon became old enough he cast his first vote for the Repub- 
lican candidate, General Grant, and has ever since been a zealous supporter of 
that party. He is a member of the state board of medical examiners, having 
been appointed by Governor McGraw and reappointed by Governor Rogers. 
He is also surgeon for the Northern Pacific Railroad in his section. In the 
same year that he came to Washington he married Miss Alice Jackson, who 
is Canadian born, her birthplace being Sarnia, Ontario. They have one 
daughter, whom they have named Alice May. 



i « >F THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 
HON. OLIVER VINTON LINN. 

isylvania, in the year 1813 ushered into the world 

me the father of one of Thurston county's prominent 

Linn was born of Scotch-Irish ancestors, 

e early settlers of the state of Pennsylvania. He was 

s native county, and married Eliza Donaldson, who 

stock, and they were the parents of eleven children. 

rainier, a member and elder of the United 

I church for man . and a zealous Republican, Mr. Linn 

happy life and died in 1879, at the age of sixty-six. His 

: years and passed away at a ripe age in 1893. 

mily live are living; one of the sons, Rev. A. E. Linn, is a 

II minister and has a charge in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 

er Vinton Linn, who is the only member of the family living in 

1 Greenville, Mercer county, Pennsylvania, on. the 

nlier, 1857. and was educated in Westminster College at 

ania, where he graduated in t88o. lie then read law in 

md Mehard in Mercer. He was admitted to the bar in 

■ m there for two years, and then went to Atchison, 

i his profession from 1884 to 1889. This latter 

s arrival in Washington, where for two years he was 

ounty, and then came to Olympia; there he carried 

law practice until [898, at which time he was elected 

11 the unexpired term of Judge Aver, who had died. Upon 

i.'.t term he w en to succeed himself, and is now 

judicial position with credit and to the satisfaction 

ill. 

lappily married in [883 to Maggie A. Taggart, of East 

the daughtei 1 t John Taggart. They are the parents of 

I lie Judge is a member of the Masonic fraternity 

lie owns a beautiful home in Olympia and 

nterests in the county. His active support and 

■ the highest good of his community, and his 

the 1 peel of all. 

ROBEF r FROST. 

men yet living in this country whose adventures would 

md hardships of the early pioneers cannot be 

by the present generation, for it is to them that 

th and 1 on of the great west, which is, 

'■• the '" e event of the century 

to hear the recital of the man y incidents 

I ind we shall here record briefly the long 

rthy citizen of Olympia 

' »« funbridge Wells. Kent. England, on the 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 125 

25th of October, 1835, his family belonging to old and sturdy stock. He 
was educated in London, and, having early formed a taste for seafaring life, 
in his seventeenth year he ran away from home and for three years was 
a sailor before the mast, visiting every part of the known world except the 
East Indies. In August of 1855 he landed in San Francisco, and for a time 
sailed between that city and Sacramento; he then went out to sea again on 
the old brig Susan Abigail, and on January 1, 1856, leaving her at Portland, 
took up the business of plastering. Portland was at that time only a small 
village and he also worked at Oregon City and at The Dalles, in the latter 
place being in the employ of the United States government. 

At the breaking out of the mining excitement on the Frazer river in 
1858, Mr. Frost joined a party of one hundred men under the command of 
Dave McLaughlin, a son of the good Dr. McLaughlin of northwest fame. 
Their journey was fraught with much danger from hostile Indians, who fre- 
quently attacked them ; they fought their way through at last, six of their 
number being killed and many wounded, and the last battle, which occurred 
about thirty miles south of the British line, was called McLaughlin canyon, 
near the Okanagon river. On their arrival at Frazer river the party sepa- 
rated, Mr. Frost going up the river to Foster's bar, where he had considerable 
success in mining, but, being compelled to pay a dollar a pound for food, he 
soon gave up the undertaking. With his companions he went down stream 
to Boston bar, thence footed it over the mountains, took the boat to Victoria, 
and from there arrived in Olympia without a cent. For three years he worked 
in a printing office, then returned to his trade, working at five dollars a day 
until he was again on a sound financial basis. In 1870 he purchased an inter- 
est in a hardware store, which was then known as Hoffman and Frost, carry- 
ing this on successfully for three years, when they divided the stock, and 
Mr. Frost located at 418 Main street and carried on a prosperous trade. 

Mr. Frost has always been ready to embark in any enterprise that would 
aid in the prosperity of his city, and has been connected with successful under- 
takings. He was one of the original stockholders and builders of the electric 
light and power plant of Olympia, being vice president of the company. He 
was one of the organizers and a director of the Capital National Bank ; he 
owned a half interest in the lower falls at Tumwater, a valuable property. 
He is treasurer and one of the owners of the Six Eagles mine in the Okanagon 
district ; the property is a valuable one and large returns are expected. Mr. 
Frost had charge of the development for some time ; a shaft two hundred and 
ten feet deep has been sunk, and a tunnel is now almost completed, which 
will drain the mine and allow the ore to be taken out on an incline. During 
the great panic of 1893 Mr. Frost, not through any fault of his, suffered 
some reverses, but he is still one of the prosperous men of the city and retains 
his remarkable mental activity and his business push, which have made him 
so successful. 

At Olympia in 1862 Mr. Frost became the husband of Louisa Holmes, 
a native of Wisconsin, and she bore him four daughters, all born in Olympia : 
Nellie and Carrie, who are keeping house for their father; Florence, the wife 
of Charles E. Garfield, who is engaged in mining in Alaska; and Anna, who 



HISTORY mi ["HE I'M A. I SOUND COUNTRY. 

the Ellensburg Normal School. The beloved mother of this 

: she was a lady of great refinement and intelligence, 

dren were deprived of one whose influence and 

ennoble and uplift those around her. Mr. 

in his handsome cottage with his two daughters, faithful to 

the memory of hi ed wife. 

is a prominent Mason, was one of the early members of 

,. i. has passed all the degrees in the Scottish Rite, including 

. and i- now senior warden of the Lodge of Perfection. He 

lemocral and served as city treasurer for four years, 

so popular with his fellow citizens in this Republican 

he received a re election. His beautiful home is situated on a tract 

half; erlooking the bay, and covered with a great variety 

that it is a veritable paradise, where he may spend his re- 

| > ce and quiet. 

JAMES McELROY MAURIS. 

s review is one of Tacoma's leading lawyers. He was 

_.m county, < )hio, on the 16th day of June, 1861, and is of Scotch- 

try. His paternal ancestors came from England with 

nd settled in Pennsylvania. There Warren Harris, the 

>ur subject, was born. I 'pun arriving at manhood's estate 

Tied Miss 1 lari«a Williams. They subsequently removed 

inty, Ohio, where 1 leorge Harris, the father of James McElroy, 

Win 1 1 was yet a small boy his father removed with his 

hi count) in the same state, lie was the eldest of seven 

reared and educated in Morgan county, and there learned 

e, which he followed for several years, but later in life 

[ricultural pursuits. George Harris married Miss 

h lri>h ancestry, and in 1870 they removed 

Vernon county, where they remained until 1884, 

up their abode in Iowa, first going to Palo Alto county 

>ntas county. There they purchased a farm and spent 

VIi II p iing in his final rest in 1898, his 

1 in the grave about three years. They were Quakers 

iple hi the highest respectability and 

born of their union, but only Eour of the number 

maturity. 

1\ representative of the family in Wash- 
in the public schools of Ohio and Wisconsin. 
■id subsequently attended the Western Normal 
duating from there he came direct to this 
in August, [889. While holding the position of 
law in tl 1 of \. C. Richards, and later 

rge II. Walker, being admitted to the bar in [894, and for 
with tin firm of \\ alker & Fitch. Prac- 
iat time until January. [900, the firm of Fitch & Harris 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 127 

was then formed, and these enterprising gentlemen are now enjoying a very 
large and remunerative law patronage. In the early part of 1901 Mr. Harris 
was appointed a member of the city council of Tacoma to fill out the unex- 
pired term of John Hartman, who was elected sheriff of the county, and 
after completing the term he was elected to that position, during which time 
he served as chairman of the committee on privileges, franchises and corpor- 
ations. His political support is given to the Republican party, and he is a 
member of the State Bar Association, as well as of the Bar Association of 
Pierce county, he being at present the secretary of the latter association. 

In December, 1891, Mr. Harris was married to Miss Laura Arntson. 
She is a native of Minnesota and a daughter of Judge A. C. Arntson, now 
of Tacoma. Four children have come to brighten and bless this home, all 
of whom were born in Tacoma, and in order of birth they are named as fol- 
lows : Evangeline, Marian Deborah, Richard Leigh ton and James Norton. 
Mrs. Harris is a member of the Episcopal church, while our subject is a birth- 
right Quaker. His name is a familiar one in political and professional circles 
throughout this section of the state, and by reason of marked intellectual 
activity and superior ability he has risen to his present high position in the 
legal fraternity of Pierce county. 

GEORGE SPEIRS. 

George Speirs, one of the prominent residents and business men of What- 
com, Washington, was born in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland, December 1, 
1855, and is a son of George Speirs and Anne (McLaughlin) Speirs, the 
former of whom was a shoe manufacturer as well as native of the same 
locality, who died at the age of sixty-six years, while the latter, also a native 
of Scotland, died in 1881. Seven children were born to these parents, namely : 
John, of Glasgow, a house agent; Archibald, also of Glasgow and a house 
agent; James, a clergyman in British Guiana; Mrs. Christina, wife of Alfred 
Butler, a dairyman of Montreal; Mrs. Mary, wife of Joseph St. Ouintin, a 
painter of Montreal; Mrs. Anne, wife of John McLaughlin, a mechanic of 
Winnipeg, and George, our subject. 

George Speirs received his early education in the common and high 
schools of Kilmarnock, and left school at the age of fifteen, after which he 
entered the school of life, and learned the printer's trade in the city of Glas- 
gow. After ten years in all. during which he was working as a printer in 
Glasgow, he emigrated in 1879 to Winnipeg, and was employed on the Free 
Press. However, in 1889, he made another change, and came to Whatcom, 
where he embarked in business for himself. At that time the town had a 
population of twenty-five hundred, and there was a good opening for his 
business, which has been a healthy one from the start. Mr. Speirs printed 
the first daily paper ever published on Bellingham bay. The Bulletin, of which 
he was editor, proprietor and publisher. In 1890 he disposed of the paper to 
Austin & Rogers, and it was the parent of the present Blade, one of the lead- 
ing newspapers of Whatcom. He was one of the organizers of the Belling- 
ham Oyster Company in 1902. with Henry White as president and Speirs as 
vice president, and this corporation has had a most successful career. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

i Republican in r nd has represented the party in both 

ions. His fraternal affiliations are with the Masons 

July i v 1S77. he was married to Robina Wright, a daughter 

.In. a lithographic printer of < dasgow, and a member of an old 

:h family. One daughter has been born to Mr. 

5, namely : Euphemia Stirling, twenty-two years of age, who 

Albertson Graham, a dealer in agricultural implements at 

Whatcom. 

BENNETT W. JOHNS. 

history of Washington 1- familiar to Bennett W. Johns 

inection with the experiences of frontier life in this portion 

II.- history forms a connecting link between the primitive past 

an ,' erpri; • present, for as early as 1853 he took up his abode in 

H,. W as Dixon Spring, Smith county, Tennessee, on the 

ary, [838, ami is of Welsh and English ancestry. His grand- 

rved In- country in the war of 1812. He was 

of the wealthy planters and slaveowners of Tennes- 

s r the < an extensive farm and a beautiful home. In his re- 

' oul Baptist, and was one of the pillars of his 

rcli. netl I ewis Johns, was also a native of the state of 

■ere he was horn in the year 1802. For his wife he chose Miss 

who was born near the birthplace of her husband, and in 

- the parents and ten -children, started on the 

to the Pacific coast. Near Soda Springs, Idaho, 

died of n n fever, and the eldest daughter, Fran- 

the wife of Alexander Barnes in the east, passed away 

ifter the death of her mother, and both lie buried 

ath. This was a sad bereavement to the remainder 

mily, hut such was the lot of many of the brave pioneers. When 

lountains the snow became so deep that they 

I to leave the wagons and much of their outfit, and later they 

and took over what they could, and later food became 

ould all have perished had not help reached them by 

-. who had been sent out to relieve the weary 

dili en who accompanied them on this journey are here 

birth: W. F. Johns, who is now a resident of 

eth, who became the wife of T. G. Grow, and 

her age in California; Bennett W., the subject 

h. who died in King county, Washington, when fifteen 

1 I" . the deceased wife of \V. II. Mitchell, whose history 

1 this work: .Mary B., who married R. H. 

■'it. Washington; Martin R., of Olympia; Belle, 

f Martin < iilver and has also passed away; and Nora, 

ni 1 [ill. 

1 Washington was begun on the 1st of May, 
the .ith of November, 1853, the latter 



TH£ NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



, MOX AND 
TILDEJJ FOUNDATIONS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 129 

part of the trip having been made in canoes down the White river. On 
reaching his destination the father took up a donation claim in King county, 
nine miles southeast of Seattle, on the Duwamish river, where he engaged in 
farming and stock-raising. Two years after their arrival here the Indian war 
broke out, and the family were obliged to seek protection in Seattle. The 
father and two older boys were volunteers in the war, serving three months 
in the First and six months in the Second Regiment, and were in the fight 
at Seattle in 1856 when the Indians attacked the city. While the family 
were at breakfast they were driven from their home in the suburbs, and dur- 
ing that night the house was ransacked of all that the Indians thought worth 
taking. But their worst misfortune was the stealing of the winter's supply 
of flour. The father and the boys had raised the wheat on their own land, 
the former sowing in the morning as much as the boys could dig into the 
ground and cover during the rest of the day. Later on this was harvested 
in the primitive fashion of the time and was threshed with a flail and win- 
nowed in the wind. Then the precious grain was taken by Mr. Johns and 
Mr. John Collins and others, in a flatbottonied; ;scow to- Olympia, where it 
was ground, and the flour was then brought to Seattle, and placed in A. A. 
Denny's store, where it remained until' the night of tlit Indian ravage. 

With characteristic energy, however, Mr. Johns set .about the task of 
retrieving his lost possessions, and after residing on bis farm for several vears 
he rented it and removed to Seattle, where hediv.ed until within a few months 
of his death, and then went to Olympia, where he made his home with his 
daughter, Mrs. William H. Mitchell, until his death, in 1879, when he had 
reached the seventy-seventh milestone on the journey of life. 

Bennett W. Johns, the second son of this worthy old pioneer, was but 
fourteen years of age when he accompanied the family on the long and peril- 
ous journey to the Evergreen state. He made the trip on horseback and 
drove their loose cattle, and, although they were frequently harassed by the 
Indians, who drove off their stock, they always succeeded in recapturing the 
most of them. The education which he had begun in his native state was 
completed in Seattle, Washington, and he remained with his father on the 
farm until he was twenty years of age, after which he obtained employment 
in a sawmill, having been able during the first three months to send his father 
sixty dollars. Going from there to Fort Hope, British Columbia, he engaged 
in mining at Puget Sound Bar, on Frazer river, and so well were his services 
rewarded that he was soon able to send to his father one hundred and four 
dollars in gold dust. After following the varied fortunes of a miner for 
some time he turned his attention to the fur trade, in which he also met with 
success, but in 1869 he abandoned that vocation and returned to Olympia, 
where for the following fourteen years he was engaged in the sawmilling 
business with W. H. Mitchell. In 1876 Mr. Johns purchased a farm of six 
hundred and forty acres on Bush Prairie, since which his time has been 
given to the stock business. In addition to this tract he also owns two hun- 
dred and forty acres three miles from Olympia and a good residence in the 
city. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

The marriage of Mr. Johns was celebrated in 1872, when Miss Mary 
I. Vertn is wife. She was born in Illinois and is a daughter of 

Charles M. Vei ilso of that commonwealth. One daughter, Ruth, was 

' righten and bless their home, and she is now the wife of A. S. Ker- 
: Franklin county, Washington. Mr. Johns is a mem- 
church, in which he has been an officer since the organiza- 
e church in this city. Mrs. Johns joined the church a few months 
after its organization. In his political affiliations he has been a life-long 
blican, and has served as a school director, as a member of the city 
il of Tumwater, this state, and is active in every movement and meas- 
ure intended to benefit the county of his adoption. In his fraternal relations 
1 past noble grand of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being 
a member of its auxiliary, the Rebekahs, and is a past master workman 
of the Ancient I Irder of United Workmen. His long residence in Washing- 
g the honored pioneers of the state, and he has aided in 
laying the foundation for the present prosperity and progress of this portion 
1 if the commonwealth. 

HON. ROBERT BRUCE BRYAN. 

out honored subject was of Scotch-Irish origin, born 

in the north of Ireland, whence he emigrated to America about the middle 

ry. He fought valiantly in the war of the Revolution, be- 

lieutenant in a Pennsylvania company, and in the battle of Brandywine 

wounded reast, carryingthe British bullet for twenty years, nn- 

He was made lieutenant colonel of the militia and served eight 

1 army. His son, Peter Bryan, settled in Ohio in 1801 

1 ors of that state. Elias L. Bryan, the son 

ither of the subject of this biography, was born in 

a physician and first practiced his profession in 

counties, Ohio. In 1S52 he removed to Iowa, where 

up to the time of his death, which occurred at the 

is. His wife was Amelia Ayres, of Scotch 

>' of Ohio. She departed this life in 1844, when the 

h was but two years of age. ( )n both sides the ancestors 

Scotch Presbyterians and were stanch and reliable 

;;x:i " was born in Hancock county, Ohio. August 1 

ted in the public schools and later in a seminary at 

where he was a student until [861. When the Civil 

' to dismember this Union he answered to the call of President 

'"' enlisted in Company I. Third Iowa Volunteer 

'•" ,l his I in Missouri and Tennessee and par- 

dso in the battle of Shiloh, lie was mus- 

During the wintei of [86] and 1862 Mr 

1 six week, suffering from an attack of 

»■ fa the spring of 1863 he again enlisted in Com- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 131 

pany F, Seventh Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, which belonged to the Iron 
Brigade, and was a part of the Army of the Potomac and the First Army 
Corps. After the battle of Gettysburg, however, in which this brigade was 
almost decimated, it was consolidated with the Fifth Army Corps. Mr. 
Bryan remained with this regiment until the surrender of Lee at Appomattox, 
with the exception of forty-one days spent in the hospital recovering from 
wounds. He had been wounded by a buckshot in the leg, but continued w r ith 
his regiment until he was struck by a piece of shell in the side, which dis- 
abled him for service. Among the many hard-fought battles in which he par- 
ticipated were Shiloh. Gettysburg and the Wilderness. He was present at 
Appomattox Court House at the time of the surrender of Lee. and also took 
part in the grand review of the victorious army at Washington after the war. 
He was mustered out on the 3d of July, 1865, and for meritorious services 
was promoted to the rank of second lieutenant, and also commanded his com- 
pany during the absence of the captain. 

Returning from the army Mr. Bryan entered the normal school at New 
Hampton, Iowa, and graduated there in 1866. He then entered upon his 
life-long profession as a teacher, first in Iowa and later in Kansas. He was 
principal of schools in Ossawatomie, Mound City and Pleasanton, Kansas, 
until 1874, when he was elected school superintendent of Linn count}-. Kan- 
sas, which position he filled for four years. In 1880 he purchased the Linn 
County Clarion, at Mound City, and until 1883 devoted his attention to news- 
paper work. For s6me time after that he was in New Mexico, and in Cali- 
fornia. for about a year. His arrival at Olympia was on the 10th of Januarv. 
1886. He soon after began teaching at Montesano. where he continued until 
1889. at which date Washington was admitted as a state and Mr. Bryan was 
chosen as the first superintendent of instruction. The splendid school system 
of the state of Washington is largely due to the aggressive ideas of Mr. 
Bryan. Upon retiring from that office in 1893 he removed to Aberdeen and 
was there superintendent of the city schools for six years. In 1900 he was 
nominated again for superintendent of instruction of the state, and in this 
office he is now creditably serving. It may be said that Mr. Bryan was born 
to his profession and is in his native element when in the schoolroom. An 
enthusiastic, patient and progressive teacher, he has promoted the interests of 
education along all lines. 

Professor Brvan was married in 1869. at Buckingham. Iowa, to Miss 
Nancv R. Hitchner, a native of the state of Ohio. Two children have been 
born to them : Grace, the wife of R. E. Dandy, cashier of the Northwestern 
Lumber Companv at Hoquiam; and Robert W.. who is a merchant and elec- 
trician residing at Aberdeen. On the 29th of July. 1894. Mrs. Bryan was 
called to her final rest. A lady of refined, quiet and amiable character, her 
loss was deeply felt by her husband and family. In October. 1898. Professor 
Brvan took as his second wife May L. Arnold, a native of Iowa. The family 
are members of the Unitarian church. Mr. Bryan has been a member of the 
Masonic order since 1868, and was a thrice past master of the blue lodge. 
He is also a Roval Arch Mason and is now scribe of Olympia Chapter No. 7. 
While in Kansas he became a member of the Grand \rmy of the Republic 
soon after the order was organized, and has ever taken an active part in the 



HISTORY OF THE PI GE I SOUND COUNTRY. 

nization. Coming of a long line of eminent ancestors, with remarkable 
- a educator, with long service as a patriot for the preservation of 
ss in all the affairs of life, Mr. Bryan may look with 
upon the future ami view with no apprehension the life to come. 

JOHN SULLIVAN. 

a Sullivan, chief of police, Seattle, Washington, was bom April 12, 
1 Koine. Oneida county, New York, son of Timothy and Mary Sulli- 
latives of Ireland. His father died in 1890. and his mother is now a 
la. Of the eight children composing the Sullivan family, 
ord that Jeremiah is a miner, residing in Canada; James, engaged in 
ig, lives in Alaska: Timothy, also a miner, is a resident of San Fran- 
fornia; Patrick, a farmer, lives in Canada; Ann is the wife of 
1 mada; Mary, wife of Michael Cororan, Nanaimo, Brit- 
ish ( olumbia : I lorn ire, wife of John Toole, of Canada. 

Sullivan received a common school education in Canada, his parents 
:' moved to Nova Scotia in his infancy. Leaving school in 1869, 
to work in the coal mines near his home, in Nova Scotia, and was 
I I en For a period of six years. In 1875 he went to Victoria 
nid the IK to \laska, up the Stickeen river, on a prospecting trip of 

li-. after which he returned to British Columbia, and remained there, 
coal mines in the vicinity of Nanaimo, until 1880. In 1880 
il remained here then only a short time. The next eight 
11 the New Castle coal mines, and while there was appointed 
1 mine inspector under Governor Semple, in which capacity he 
of two years. After this he joined the Seattle police force, 
d efficient service soon gained for him promotion from patrol- 
mi. then to captain, and in June, 1901, he was appointed chief 
r Humes. Th office is under civil service rules and is practically 
s writing the police force under him consists of eighty-six 
and sergeants. While Air. Sullivan is a Republican, 
ive pari in politics, as under civil service order office is removed 

an was married August , [886, to Miss Sarah Ann Tosh, a 
Hid a Adam Tosh, who is now engaged in 

h Lake Mrs. Sullivan is of Irish descent. They have two 
laughter, Vdam Charles, Leo and Mar) \.gnes. 

WILLI \\1 D, CLARKE. 

m is numbered William D. Clarke, who was 

V.pril, 1866, in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, lie is a 

a native of Ireland, who came to the United States in 

ii " the Emerald Isle he crossed the Atlantic to the 

ania, where he lived for many 

busim treei he was employed as an accountant. 

■ •' daughtet of Captain Henry Eaton and a native 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 133 

of the Keystone state, representing an old American family. Air. and Mrs. 
Clarke became the parents of seven sons and a daughter: Henry E., Joseph 
D., William D., Robert, John, Frank, Charlie and Mollie. The father was 
called to his final rest in 1898 when sixty-eight years of age, but the mother 
is still living, now making her home in Newcastle. Pennsylvania, at the age 
of seventy-three years. 

In the public schools of Newcastle, Pennsylvania, William D. Clarke pur- 
sued his education until he had reached the age of sixteen. He then put aside 
his text books to enter upon his business career and learn the more difficult 
lessons in the school of experience. He was engaged in clerking in a clothing 
store at Newcastle and there remained until 1888, when he came 
to Seattle and has since been interested in the growing northwest and 
its wonderful development. He became identified with the business affairs of 
Seattle as a clothing salesman, and continued in that line until 1892, when he 
went to Tacoma, remaining a resident of the latter city until 1897. In that 
year he returned to Seattle, where he resided until 1900, when he came to 
Everett. 

In September, 1900, Mr. Clarke was united in marriage to Miss 
Margaret Horsfall, a native of Illinois, wdio went to Tacoma during her girl- 
hood days with her parents and located in that city in 1884. She is a daughter 
of John and Kate Horsfall, both of whom are natives of England. The young 
couple have many friends in Everett, having during their residence here 
gained the confidence and good will of all with whom they have been brought 
in contact. Mr. Clarke is quite well known in fraternal circles, being a mem- 
ber of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Improved Order of 
Red men and the Woodmen of the World. His political support is given to 
the Republican party, and in 1902 he was elected justice of the peace of the 
city of Everett for a term of two years. Mr. Clarke is a young man of 
marked determination and force of character, and he possesses the enterprising 
spirit so typical of the northwest. In his own business career he has brooked 
no obstacles that could be overcome by determined effort and persistent pur- 
pose, and along the legitimate lines of trade he has won creditable success. 

ALPHEUS DAVIDSON. 

One of the successful business men of Tacoma is Alpheus Davidson, the 
proprietor of one of the leading drug stores in the city, in which is also 
located the sub-postal station No. 7. He was born in Keptville, Canada, on 
the 17th of December, 1858, and is of Scotch ancestry. He is a son of Alex- 
ander and Alzira (Hicks) Davidson, natives respectively of Glasgow. Scot- 
land, and of Canada. The father emigrated to Canada in his youth, where 
he was engaged in contracting and building and also in the real estate bus- 
iness, and he attained to the age of seventy-four years, passing away in death 
in 1900, in the faith of the Presbyterian church, of which he had been long 
a faithful and devoted member. His widow still survives, and has now 
reached the age of sixty-six years. To this worthy couple were born six 
children, three sons and three daughters, and the subject of this review is the 
only representative of the family in Washington. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Vlpheus Davidson received his literary education in the public schools 

ility, and is also a graduate of the Montreal College of 

1 [e began his life work as a clerk in a drug store, and ere leaving 

his native land he was for six years in the drug business on Ins own account. 

business in Tacoma, Washington, on the corner of Eleventh 

,.t avenue, where he has ever since enjoyed a large and 

lucrative patronage. Since his arrival in this city twelve years ago, he has 

; , many of its leading interests, and has done all in his 

promote its progress and improvement. He is now serving as secre- 

v of the Retail Druggists' Association; is vice president of the Pacific Oil 

Well Company— three wells are now being sunk; is a stockholder in the large 

natch erected in Tacoma; and is an executive officer of the 

Musi ; institution which reflects much credit on the city and 

which ha the upport of a number of the best citizens of Tacoma. 

. tee of this institution. 1 lis political support is given to the 

men and measures of the Republican party. 

In i- elel ited the marriage of .Mr. Davidson and Miss Gertrude 

Lawn Ltive of Quebec, Canada, and a daughter of George W. 

n ■.. e. ' >ne son has been horn to this union, to whom has been given the 

f Guy Lawrence. Mrs. Davidson is the secretary of the Home for 

an Children, having been connected with this humane institution during 

-t four years, and she is also a valued member of the Episcopal church. 

s religious preference is indicated by his membership with the 

•rian denomination, and in his fraternal relations he is a member of the 

nd Protective < Irder of Elks, the Foresters and the Royal Tribe 

1 fe enjoys the high regard of his fellow men, and is widely and 

rably known throughout Tacoma and Pierce county. 

llo.X. RALPH O. DUNBAR. 

of the law, when clothed with its true dignity, purity 

i, inu>t rank first among the callings of men. for law rules the 

i- work of the legal profession is to formulate, to harmonize, to 

si. to administer those rules and principles that underlie and 

eminent a ety and control the varied relations of men. 

the legal profession a nobleness that can- 

I in the life of the true lawyer, who, rising to the responsi- 

n, embraces the richness of learning, the firmness of 

morals, together with the graces and modesty and 

1 If such a type is Judge Dunbar a representa- 

a de< member of the supreme court of the state, 

ms as chief justice of Washington, and the honors 

n him have been worthily won and well worn. 

Schuyler count). Illinois, his birth having 

\pril. [845. Me comes of Scotch ancestry, and his 

ian, while his father. Uice Dunbar, was 

['he killer was : , carpenter and builder, and. removing to 

1 lowed his chosen vocation for a number 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 135 

of years. He was married in that state to Miss Jane Miller Brisbin, a native 
of Pennsylvania, descended from one of the old Dutch families of that state. 

Nine children were horn to them in Illinois, and in 1846 Rice Dunbar 
brought his wife and children across the plains to Oregon, journeying with 
an ox team. Mr. Dunbar was chosen captain of the company, and with them 
traveled the Donner party, who eventually left the Dunbar party to take a 
cut-off, and met with great disaster and loss of life, which has become an 
incident of the history of those times. Mr. Dunbar's party traveled through 
the Klamath country and on the 1st of January, 1S47, arrived in Oregon. 
They had all of their stock stolen from them by the Indians, and hence 
were obliged to leave their wagons and many of their necessary articles. The 
Judge's mother rode an old horse, the only one they had, and carried the 
future jurist, then an infant in his first year. When they arrived in Salem 
they were without money and provisions, and they lived that first winter 
almost entirely upon boiled peas. The country was full of savage Indians, 
and the women were constantly in a state of terror. Added to this were many 
hardships and privations. The poorest grade of sugar sold for a dollar per 
pound and other provisions were equally high, so that the family suffered 
greatly for want of the things to which they had previously been accustomed. 
Separated far from their former home and friends, constantly facing danger 
and doing without what had hitherto seemed necessary to their daily existence, 
the condition of these worthy pioneers was anything but enviable, and it 
is to them and others that the state owes the foundation upon which has been 
reared the superstructure of her present prosperity and greatness. The sacri- 
fices they made and the hardships they endured were the means of opening up 
this region to a latter civilization, and to them is due a debt of gratitude that 
can never be repaid. 

Mr. Dunbar began to work at his trade, building sawmills, gristmills 
and houses, but times continued hard with the pioneers, and in 1849 he went 
to the gold fields of California, hoping that there he might more rapidly 
acquire a competency. The wife and children were thus left almost entirely 
at the mercy of the savages. He had taken a donation claim ten miles east 
of Salem, and after mining for some time in the Shasta gold diggings he 
returned to his family and claim. Improving the property, he transformed it 
into a fine farm and continued to reside thereon until 1869, when he removed 
to Salem, where he made his home until his death, which occurred in 187 1, 
when he was sixty-nine years of age. He was a brave, strong man, but much 
exposure and hard toil shortened his life. He had ever been a lover of liberty, 
and was a strong Republican from the organization of the party. His faith- 
ful pioneer wife departed this life in 1858, at the age of forty-nine years. 
She was a member of the Methodist church, and was a very conscientious, 
good Christian woman. The children who crossed the plains were Mary 
Ellen, Eliza Jane. William Rice, Delia and Ralph Oregon, the last-named 
being the Judge, to whom the second name was given because he was brought 
across the plains in his first year. Three children were born in Oregon, Oscar, 
Elizabeth and Frances. The three sons are living and two of the daughters. 
Eliza J. became the wife of Clark Crandle and since his death has become 
Mrs. Reynolds, her home being in Los Gatos, California; Elizabeth is the 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

widow of Kirk Ward, and resides in Seattle; William Rice is register of the 
land office at Vancouver. 

Judge Dunbar was educated in the Willamette University, and while 
acquiring his education also engaged in teaching for two years. He read law 
in Salem, and in Olympia was admitted to the bar in 1867, and began the 
practice oi his profession in Olympia, being admitted to practice before the 
supreme court in 1807. His success came soon because his equipment was 
i. because he prepared his cases with great thoroughness and precision 
and because of his earnest devotion to the interests of his clients. He con- 
tinued in active practice until 1869, in which year he was appointed clerk of 
the I nited States district court by Chief Justice Orange Jacobs, filling that 
until 1871. lie then resigned and removed to Yakima, where he again 
opened an office and soon secured a distinctively representative clientage. In 
[875 he became a resident of The Dalles, Oregon, where he practiced for two 
years, and in 1S77 he established his home and opened his office in Golden- 
dale. Washington. The following year he was elected a member of the terri- 
luncil and was also elected probate judge of Klickitat county. In 
[880 he was elected prosecuting attorney for Klickitat, Kittitas, Yakima, 
( larke and Skamania counties, and his prompt and faithful discharge of his 
duties won him high commendation. In 1885 he was elected to represent his 
district in the lower house of the territorial legislature, and upon the as- 
sembling of the house was chosen speaker. He also served for several terms 
i f attorney of Goldendale, and each position which he filled found him a 
capable and trustworthy incumbent, so that his popularity constantly grew as 
the people recognized Ins worth. From 1880 until 1886 Judge Dunbar was 
ed . ,tor and proprietor of the Goldendale Sentinel, strongly supporting the 
pnn< the Republican party. In 1889 he represented the eleventh dis- 

trict in the constitutional convention and took an important part in framing 
the organic law ol the state, i [ e was the chairman of the committee on tide 
government lands, and was the author of the constitutional article on 
7' 1 " " ' ■ ' ' : ' ». at the first state convention, he was a prominent can- 

ate . '"' ' °ngress and lacked only three votes of securing the nomination 
in the same convention be was unanimously nominated for the position of 
supreme judge, to which important office he was elected by a lar°- e ma- 
in January, [893, after serving three years as associate justice he 

" f a wJ°, Sen '>' hlS : r Ui:iU ' mCmberS ° f thc court of a PPeals as chief justice 
','' U *n »ng for a term of five years was re-elected in 

n in 1900, so that he has served upon the supreme bench of his 
re than a dei 

II demonstrated bis ability to handle the intricate 
'■'■ " ll1 are P resent< ' tothe '•"'" of last resort. The leeal Profession 

':;;T:- { h * g " nK " ty > and the j"' 1 — ■ ^J^tr^" 

mbination oi talent, learning, tact, patience and industry The 

"' ltl.,o „„,,,,„. judge must' be a man of winced 

miliar with the law and practice, of comprehensive 

'' ^ f r ,at " 3ed "'" an analytical mind and a s^SSftS 

v.ll enable .,,,,, to lose his individuality, his persona, Feelings his preTudice 

ind l„s peculiarities ol disposition in the dignity, impartiality and equity o 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 137 

the office to which life, property, right and liberty must look for protection. 
Possessing these qualifications, Judge Dunbar justly merits the high honor 
which has been conferred upon him in his thrice-repeated election to the 
supreme court of Washington. 

In 1873, in Yakima county, Judge Dunbar was united in marriage to 
Miss Clara White, a native of Portland, Oregon, and a daughter of William 
N. White, a pioneer of 185 1, who was murdered by the Indians in 1856. The 
Judge and Mrs. Dunbar have three children, Fred, Ruth and John, all still 
at home with their parents. Mrs. Dunbar is a valued member of the Con- 
gregational church. During his earlier life, while not on the bench, 
the Judge was a very active Republican, doing much campaign work to pro- 
mote the success of his party and its principles, but he never allows political 
labors or partisanship to interfere in the slightest degree with the faithful per- 
formance of his duties. He has always taken a lively interest in hue stock, 
both horses and cattle, and he finds pleasure and needed recreation in the 
supervision of his fine stock farm of two hundred and eighty acres, a few 
miles distant from Olympia. He is raising some fine imported red polled 
cattle, of which he has some choice prize animals, and he also has on another 
farm a band of Jersey cattle. For some years he has also bred good horses 
of the Hambletonian, Membrino and Altamont stock. During the periods 
of his summer rest he takes great delight in camping at this farm. The Judge 
and his family have a nice home in Olympia, and he has a very wide acquaint- 
ance throughout the state. He is justly regarded as one of the most eminent 
jurists of the northwest, deserving the high encomiums which are bestowed 
upon his life work by the members of the profession and the general public. 

FRED A. HEGG. 

Fred A. Hegg, a member of the Union Mercantile Company, dealers in 
general merchandise at Sedro Woolley, Washington, is a native of Iowa, born 
at Decorah, December 22, i860. His parents are natives of Norway. Anton 
Hegg, his father, came to America when a young man and engaged in farm- 
ing, which occupation he followed successfully for a number of years. He 
is now living retired in Decorah, Iowa. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Gunhilda Olson, was born in Drammond, Norway. Their family of three 
sons and two daughters are now settled in homes of their own. Oscar is a 
resident of Leroy, Minnesota; Adolph is on the old homestead in Iowa; Char- 
lotte is the wife of Andrew Sagen, of Lacrosse, Wisconsin; Henrietta is the 
wife of Eric Solland, of Decorah, Iowa. 

Fred A. Hegg was educated in the public schools of his native town and 
at, St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota, where he graduated in 1878. 
After his graduation Mr. Hegg began his business career as a clerk in a 
general merchandise store in Decorah, Iowa, and was thus occupied there 
for four years. In 1882 he went to Colorado and a year later to Oregon, in 
the latter state giving his attention to farming and carrying on agricultural 
pursuits until 1889. That year he came to Washington, and at Fairhaven 
started a grocery store, which he conducted two years. He came to Sedro 
Woolley in 1891 and established himself in the grocery business, and, with 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

rt time when he dealt in hardware, he has been in the 

nee In [893 he bought an interest in the Green 

lingle Company, and the new firm took the name of the Union Mercantile 

and its cers are as follows: Emerson Hammer, president; 

skey, vice president; A. W. Davison, treasurer; and F. A. Hegg, 

tary. 

Mr. Hegg was first married in t886 to Miss Mollie Douglass, a daughter 

[On g n. She died in 1896, leaving four children, two 

1 two daughters, William Anton, Earle, May and Mildred. In 1899 

I Miss Fannie Bishop, a native of Indiana, and their union 

ed in the birth of a daughter. Florence, and a son. Mr. Hegg is 

I .utheran church and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

DR. ROBERT K1NCAID. 

To feel in the closing days of his long life that he has followed nature's 
laws that he has not lived for self alone, that he has helped and up- 
many of his fellow men, and that through trials and difficulties he 
- won a high and honored position in society, all these things and many 
the rewards plendid career of Robert Kincaid, who stands 

in the front rank of physicians and surgeons in Olympia. No estimate too 
h can be set on the works of such a man, and it is hoped that the brief 
I of the main events of his career, which is all that can be attempted in 
I this kind, will be an incentive to those who come after him to 
higher and nobler living, fur it is in biography alone that the best stimulus 
und. 

Kincaid was George Kincaid, who owned a large 
• in North Ireland; his Forefathers were of Scotch descent, and settled 
in Ireland during the reign of King James the First, about the year 1609. 
beth Virtue, of English stock. George Kincaid died in 
s thirty sixth year, when our subject was only four years of age. The 
I ttle family of three sons and a daughter, emigrated 
nd took up her residence in Petersburg, where she lived till 
her death in ! iv sixth year, and over her last resting place her grate- 

ful children hav< a beautiful monument. One of the sons, John, 

ernmenl office in Canada. 

born on the 10th day of June, 1832, in the famous 

il, North Ireland, a country which has given us four of our 

He was trained for life's work in the Queen's University and 

in the 1. rtment in 1862 with the degree of M. D. He 

ted States and served as surgeon in the army during 

of the ( 1. il war, at Washington and on Governor's Island, 

1 tor of the state of Maine. Returning 

the ill health of his mother, he engaged in the 

cine in Petersburg for a quarter of a century. During this 

1 the citj of Petersburg, surgeon of that county, sur- 

ind Rail Canada, and surgeon of the troops with 

nel in the British army. And in the course of twenty- 

1 re he held every office in the gift of the people of his 



. HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 139 

city and county, and was finally elected member of the Canadian parliament. 

Owing to ill health he was forced to give up his residence here and 
seek a more salubrious climate, finally selecting Olympia, where he settled in 
1888. His health immediately improved, and he has since engaged in the 
practice of his profession, gaining eminent success. The Doctor invested 
in lands and made a fortune, but with many others in the great financial 
panic in 1893 ' ost most of his gains. But feeling that he must above all give 
his children an education, he sent them to the Washington State University, 
the mother going with them to provide a home. 

Dr. Kincaid's marriage had occurred in 1865, and his wife was Mar- 
garet Bell, a daughter of James Bell, manager of the Commercial Bank of 
Canada and register of the county of Lanark. They are the parents of 
five children : The eldest son, Traver Charles Digby, is now professor of 
zoology in the Washington State University and is regarded as one of the 
most scientific men in the country for his years ; the daughter, Loe Rowena, 
is a graduate of the university with the class of 1901 and is a large con- 
tributor to the magazines and periodicals ; Kenneth George is in the hospital 
service of the regular army, was in charge of •thej'Presidio hospital in San 
Francisco and with the famous United -States ' Fourth Cavalry, and is now 
at Angel's Island, California, examining 'sdl'diers' from the Philippines, thus 
without doubt having a bright futiire before him ; the oldest son has a 
mechanical genius and is employed as engineer by the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road at Seattle ; and the ten-year-old daughter, Airdrie, who was born in 
Olympia, is attending school at Seattle and is at the head of her class, giving 
promise of being the brightest one of a very bright family. 

Doctor Kincaid is the oldest man in the medical profession in the city ; 
he is the physician and a member of about ten of the fraternal societies of 
Olympia, is the health officer, and president of the pension board. While 
in Canada he was deputy grand master of the Masonic order. Although 
past the age of threescore and ten, he still enjoys remarkably good health and 
attends to his large practice with all the vigor of youth. He has had a long 
career as physician, and night or day, snushine or storm, he has always 
been ready to go to the aid of the suffering, and the gratitude of those he 
has aided has been more precious to him than all pecuniary rewards; and 
in this lies the secret of his success, that he has ever been willing to lend 
a helping hand, and, although reverses have come to him, and his life has 
not been a bed of roses, he now holds the esteem of all because of his noble 
and sincere character. 

NORRIS ORMSBY. 

The business interests of the city of Sedro Woolley, Washington, has 
an enterprising factor in the subject of this review, Norris Ormsby. Mr. 
Ormsby was born October 24, 1856, in Shelby county, Illinois, and comes of 
Irish and Scotch ancestry. His father. John J. Ormsby, was a native of the 
Emerald Isle and a respected citizen of this country. While filling the office 
of sheriff of Fremont county, Iowa, in June, 1866, he was killed while in the 



140 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

i arresting a man charged with murder. Mr. Ormsby's mother, Nancy 
(Martin) Ormsby, was born in Indiana, of Scotch descent, her family having 
long resided in America. John J. and Nancy Ormsby reared a family of six 
children, thro and three daughters, all of whom are now residents of 

the state of Washington, except one daughter, Ion, who is married and settled 
on a farm in Oregon. The other daughters reside in Sedro Woolley, they 
being ( lara, wife of B. L). Vandevaer, and Minnie, wife of F. A. Douglass, 
a druggist. John Ormsby is engaged in the saloon business in Sedro Wool- 
ley, and \\ illiam ( >rmsby is a farmer in Washington. 

Norris Ormsb) received his education in the public schools of Iowa, to 
which state his parents moved when he was a small boy. At the early age of 
ten years he began to support himself. His first employment was in a dry 
goods store, where he worked for four or five years, after which he was for 
sixteen years in a livery stable. Leaving Iowa, he went to Kansas, where 
he remained two years, and thence came to his present location in Washington. 
Here he engaged in the drug business with his brother-in-law, F. A. Doug- 

but at the end of one year sold out and turned his attention to draying, 
buying a span of mules and dray, and in this business he has been engaged 
ever since. Subsequently he opened up a feed store, dealing in hay and 
grain and also coal, which he has conducted successfully, having as his partner 
In- son-in law, J. B. Holbrook. 

Mr. ( (rmsby is a Democrat, and in local politics has always taken an active 

nice he came west, lie has been representative to county conventions, 

and has been on the city council oi Woolley and Sedro ever since they were 

porated. When these towns were consolidated he was elected mayor. 

Prior to the i ition he was mayor of Woolley two terms. At present 

he is a member ui the council. Public-spirited and enterprising and with an 

earnesl de ire to promote the best interests of the people of the town, Norris 

s influence has for years been felt in the locality in which he lives. 

Mr. Ormsby was married .May 11. 1878, in Atchison county, Missouri, 
Talliferro, a native of Monroe county, Missouri, of French 

nt. The) have one daughter, Hallie, who is the wife of J. B. Holbrook. 

ernally Mr. Ormsby is identified with the Knights of Pythias and 
l< 5, 

GEORGE J. HOHL. 

I Hohl, 1 prosperous dealer in hay and grain, was born Feb- 

in Hokah, Houston county, Minnesota, and is a son of Jacob 

a native of I iermany, who came to this country as a boy. By trade he 

mith, and died in [864 in the service of the federal army, Fifty- 

1 Minnesota Volunteer Infantry. His wife was Catherine Buehle'r Hohl, 

a native ol Germany, now living in Hokah, Minnesota. The children born 

ll " 111 ; "" 1 wife wen John J., a land agent at Minong, Wisconsin; 

i.-mi R., a railroad man in southern Minnesota; Henry L., a wholesale 

1 lei in llo„ ton, lexas; Charles \\ .. land and oil agent in Hous- 

'•' v: ' J I I mma, wife of W. II. Whittaker, job printer of St 

II ; MlSS Katie A., at home in Hokah. Minnesota. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 141 

George J. Hohl was educated in the public schools of Hokah, and gradu- 
ated from the high school in 1881. After this he spent one year in the 
Wilson Business College at Lacrosse, Wisconsin. His next step was the 
serving of an apprenticeship in a flour mill at Hokah, and he then went to 
Duluth, Minnesota, where he worked for the St. Paul & Pacific Coal Com- 
pany as foreman. In 1886 he located at Bellingham Bay, when there were 
very few people in this locality, and as soon as the town of Fairhaven was 
organized he moved here, and took up a pre-emption claim one and one-half 
miles from the city limits. In 1897 he was 'one of the stampeders to Dawson, 
going over the White Pass or Skagway trail, and, after two years, went the 
second time with a six-dog team and drove six hundred miles, and was frozen 
in with the thermometer registering fifty degrees below zero. The first winter 
he mined, and the second year he operated a sawmill. In 1899 ne returned 
to Fairhaven and engaged in a wholesale and retail grain, hay and feed 
business. 

Politically Mr. Hohl is a Republican; was school director of Fairhaven 
from 1891 to 1897, and has always taken an active part in local affairs, serving 
as delegate to county conventions. During the year 1901 he was mayor of 
Fairhaven, and held that office in a manner to inspire respect and confidence. 
In addition to his other interests Mr. Hohl was one of the organizers of the 
Alger Oil and Mineral Company of Fairhaven, which was established in 1901 
with a capital of three hundred thousand dollars; he was made its president 
and general manager and has held the position ever since. 

On November 18, 1890, Mr. Hohl was married to M rs - Nellie Eggloff, 
a daughter of M. J. Rogers, of Saginaw, Michigan, and a native of Chicago, 
coming of an old American family of Scotch ancestry. One son has been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Hohl, namely: Ross J. Eggloff Hohl, aged nineteen 
years. Mr. Hohl is a member of the Knights of Pythias, Modern Woodmen 
and Ancient Order of United Workmen, and is very popular in all these 
organizations. Through steadfast industry, uprightness of character and an 
ability to make his work count, Mr. Hohl has steadily mounted the ladder of 
fortune, and is numbered among the successful men of Fairhaven. 

CHARLES A. DARLING. 

Charles A. Darling, a leading representative of the dental profession in 
Whatcom, Washington, and a man of prominence in the community, was born 
May 14, 1869, at Portage, Wisconsin, and is a son of James M. and Clara 
(Kellum) Darling. The father was a native of New York, born of an old 
American family, and engaged in mining and dealt extensively in real estate. 
He is now a resident and prominent business man of Fairhaven. His wife 
was born in Connecticut, and also came of good American stock, grafted on 
English ancestry. Two children were born to these parents, namely, our 
subject, and Dwight K., now one of the leading druggists of Everett, 
Washington. 

Charles A. Darling received his early education in Hammond Hall. Salt 
Lake City, from which he was graduated in 1885, whence he went to Phila- 
delphia and entered the dental college of that city. In 1890 he was graduated 



Mi' HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

from that institution, and returned to Fairhaven, where for two years he 

on, having heen admitted to practice by the state board 

of examiners. In [892 he removed to Whatcom, and has built up a very 

e and lucrative practice, which is constantly increasing, and his patients 

are numb the very best people of the city. For the years 1897, 

[898 and [899 he was a member of the board of dental examiners, and in 

.i'ii] iN<)o, was its president, lie is a member of the State Dental So- 

. and was president of that organization in 1896. In politics he is a 

Democrat, and has always taken an active part in party matters, and for the 

ears has been a delegate to all the county conventions except in 

I [e was sent to the national convention held in Chicago in 1896, which 

nominated Brj an. 

1 in September 5, [898, Dr. Darling was married to Miss Mable Stude- 
vant Byrne, a daughter of a successful real estate dealer in Kansas. The 
Byrne family is well known and dates back to Revolutionary days. Mrs. 
I >arling's gri I grandfather on the maternal side was Zebulon Pike, 

after whom Pike's Peak was named. Her grandmother, Sarah Studevant, 
now residing in Lamed, Kansas, is the last lineal descendant in that state of 
mous Pike. Mr. and Mrs. Darling are consistent members of the Epis- 
d church, and Dr. Darling is one of (he vestrymen of that body. 
In addition to li other interests. Dr. Darling is president of the Homan 
Lumber Company of Fairhaven, operating two shingle mills and a sawmill, 
1 \ of one hundred and sixty thousand shingles per day. The 
company owns considerable timber land adjoining the plant, and Dr. Darling 
ganizers in 1901. He was one of the organizers and is now 
president of the Samish Oyster Company, with beds in Samish bay, 
which they planted an I cultivated. The company have eight hundred and 
thirl mouth of Samish river, and will be prepared to place 

product upon the market next year, probably about one hundred and 
Mr Darling is our f the charter members of the Cougar Club. 
' 1 lub of Whatcom, and he is also a member of the Commer- 
'luh of Fairhaven. There are few men in Whatcom who either in a 
ense have done more than the doctor in so short a 
! of time, to increase tin- prosperity of tin- city, or have so firmly estab- 
lished themselves in the confidence and respect of the people of that locality. 

WILL] \M II. PINCKNEY. 

n 1 1 Pinckney, police magistrate of Blaine, Washington, was born 

' Salem, Washtenaw county, Michigan, and is a son of 

Pini ' :■ e of New York state. One of the early members 

Pinckney, who was sent to represent the colonies in 

'" ,:i B. 1 was colonel of the Second Regiment of the 

militia during tin- Black I lawk war, and died in 1897 in Blaine 

years. Mis w if e bore the maiden name 

■ and wa 1 oncord, New Hampshire; both of her 

in the Revolutionary war, their names being Major 

s and Major Church. Major MM S was one of the participants' in 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 143 

the battle of Bunker Hill, and both gentlemen were from the state of New- 
Hampshire, of Scotch descent, and died in New Hampshire. The children 
born to Joshua B. Pinckney and wife were as follows: John M., in the book 
and stationer}' business since 1864 in Sioux City. Iowa; Albert M. resides in 
Blaine; Charles died in Iowa; our subject; Charlotte married S. P. Hughes, 
now retired, in Blaine; Mary, widow of Isaac Griswold, resides in San 
Francisco. 

William H. Pinckney was educated in the public schools of Iowa and 
Michigan, although the greater part of his practical knowledge was on the 
frontier. During his school life all of his leisure moments were put in on 
the farm, and he later devoted all of his time to it. He was driven from the 
farm at the time of the Minnesota massacre in 1862, and in September of 
that same year he and his brother John enlisted in Company E, Northern 
Border Brigade. The state called for five companies, and they mustered them 
in without any delay and started them for the frontier of Iowa and Dakota, 
Captain Jerome M. White being in command of Company E. After serving 
with Compariy E one year, Mr. Pinckney then served in Company L, Seventh 
Iowa Volunteer Cavalry, with Captain S. P. Hughes in command, and he 
received his honorable discharge in February, 1866. He participated in the 
northwestern Indian expedition under General Alfred Sully, and saw some 
very hard service. In 1866 he went back to the farm, remaining until 1873, 
but he found he had grown beyond the limits of a quiet life, and went west 
to Blaine, Washington, purchasing forty acres of land. In 1878 he went to 
Seattle, and for three years served on the police force there, but resigned, and 
in 1888 embarked in a real estate business, which he continued until 1894 
and then retired to a ranch in Semahmoo which he had purchased fifteen 
years before. Ever active and progressive, Mr. Pinckney did not remain 
long upon bis ranch, but in 1899 opened up a real estate and insurance office 
in Blaine and has been very successful in his various operations ever since. 
In political convictions Mr. Pinckney is a Populist, but has been associated 
with the Democratic party, and in Iowa was clerk of Sioux township for four 
years; was appointed sheriff of Plymouth county, Iowa, and served two 
years; was also assessor of Sioux township for three years, and during the 
same time was also clerk; was justice of the peace of Semahmoo township, 
Whatcom county, for two years, and justice of the peace of Blaine two years, 
and for three terms was appointed nolice justice. 

On March 24, 1873, Mr. Pinckney was married to Anna J. Jackson, a 
daughter of Andy Jackson, of Pennsylvania, and she was born in that state. 
The Jackson family is of Scotch-Irish descent and played an important part 
in the Revolutionary war. One son, John Jackson, was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Pinckney in May, 1876, and he is now admitted to practice law. Mr. 
Pinckney is a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, being con- 
nected with that order for twenty-two years; of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, since 1S74, and is also a member of the Grand Army post. Few 
men in this locality have done more to develop the Puget Sound district, and 
to induce financiers to locate in that neighborhood and increase the material 
prosperity of the state, than the distinguished man whose name heads this 
memoir. 



11! HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

GEORGE C. ISRAEL. 

The Israel family is of Welsh and Pennsylvania Dutch extraction on 
the paternal side, and Scotch and Irish on the maternal side. The original 
this family in America, Isaac G. Israel, sailed with William 
Penn, and that worthy settler took an active part in the first Pennsylvania 
my. And later on in the history of the country we find that the mother 
of the famous General Israel Putnam was an Israel, and that several mem- 
bers of the family distinguished themselves in the Revolution. 

William C. Israel, the Father of George C was born in the Old Domin- 
ion -tali', and from there in [849, moved by the wonderful reports of the 
new Eldorado in the west, came to California and engaged for three years 
in mining and prospecting; he was the discoverer of the Diablo coal mines. 
In 1853 he returned to Missouri and Illinois and brought across the first 
band of American bulls, and engaged extensively in the importation and rais- 
Mi ican cattle, After his discovery of coal he again went east and 
iroughl back machinery and opened the Tutonia mine, which he conducted 
illy for a time, and then sold out and until 1881 followed the then 
profitable star routing. In that year he came to Washington and followed 
raising, lie became a man of much influence in the state and was 
one of the county commissioners who built the magnificent Thurston county 
court house, which was afterward sold to the state and became, with a few 
additions, the present capitol building. His wife was Hannah Olmstead, 
a native of New Hampshire, and of their two sons and three daughters all 
are now living and three reside in Washington, namely: James McDaniel, 
it pector and resides in Olvmpia ; Elsie, now Mrs. Win- 
of I lush Prairie; and George C, whose sketch immediately 
The death of the father occurred in 189s at the age of sixty-eiffht 

The birthplace of George fsrael is in Antioch, Contra Costa county 

norma, where his birth occurred on the 20th of October, 1858. He at- 

ided the St. Man's I 1 San Francisco and graduated in 1878 He 

then "'•" , Ifw '" H of Hon. Davis S. Terry in Stockton. California 

• admitted to practice in December, 1880; until Tune, 1881 he was 

\ '["Strict attorne) in that place, lie then came to Olympia, where he 

' and had a very lucrative practice. In' 1880, going to 

! I << l 'aw and was in the legal department of the 

• Radway. Since 1S07 he has resided in Olympia and has 
■ clientele, including several large corporations and the Northern 
l acme Railroad. 

Mr. Israel has been a stanch Republican, but in 1806 he 

V, " C . e(l 5 ,S o in< l epei lv votin g with ""' silver wing of the party 

i^/V^Vrir -er allegiance. In 1895 he bLune the'hi 

- York. They live in a beautiful 
V m ;" :i ' fW* "' manj comforts of life and their numerous 

, •„:';?; ,S ' , llnected fth the Independent Order of Odd 

""' ,lu Elks ' He ,s :| man ol independent and resolute character 







A O, <&Oxm^ 



PlJ 8LJC LIBRARY 



nU)W «W«OATIOH S 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 145 

and enjoys the reputation of being one of the most prominent criminal law- 
yers in the state of Washington. 

ABRAHAM WOOLMAN ENGLE. 

From early manhood the subject of this sketch has been a resident of 
Seattle, Washington, has aided in its growth and development and shared in 
its prosperity, and ranks to-day with its leading citizens. 

Abraham Woolman Engle was born March 4, 1851, in Burlington 
county, New Jersey, and belongs to a well known and highly respected family. 
The record shows that four brothers of the name of Engle came to this coun- 
try from Saxony in the year 1683 and made their settlements in New Jersey, 
Virginia and Pennsylvania. The one who located in New Jersey was the 
progenitor of a large family. One of his descendants, Abraham W. Engle, 
was the father of our subject, was born in Burlington county, and was by 
occupation a merchant, dealing in general merchandise, lumber and coal, and 
also owning some coasting schooners that ran between Philadelphia and the 
Carolinas. He died in 1861. His wife, Sarah C., was before marriage Miss 
Engle, she being a distant relative, and she, too, was a native of New Jersey. 
She died in 1883. 

The younger Abraham W. Engle was educated in the public and private 
schools of his native state, finishing his schooling in 1869. Then he spent 
two years in assisting in the settlement, of "life fatlier's estate, after which, in 
February, 1871, he came west to Puget Sound, seeking a change of climate 
on account of illness. He spent one year on Whidby Island in a successful 
effort to regain his health. The next four' years lie was in the employ of the 
Bellingham Bay Coal Company at Whatcom, where, with Sutcliff Baxter, he 
had charge of the company's mercantile business; ' In 1876 he took up the 
study of law, and in 1878 was admitted to practice in the supreme court of 
the territory of Washington. He practiced in Seattle until 1884, when his 
attention was turned to banking; he became associated with Judge J. R. Lewis 
and M. V. -B. Stacey and established the First National Bank of North 
Yakima and the First National Bank of Ellensburg. Of the former Mr. 
Engle was cashier at the time of organization and subsequently was made 
president, which latter office he filled until 1896. In 1895 he accepted the 
position of business manager of the northwestern agency of the Mutual Life 
Insurance Company of New York, with headquarters in Seattle, which posi- 
tion he still holds. However, he is yet interested in banking, being a director 
of the Washington National Bank of Seattle. He has also for a number of 
years been interested in real estate, and is the owner of valuable property. 
In 1891, in company with Judge Lewis, he built one of the largest brick build- 
ings in North Yakima, and, associated with C. D. Stimson, he lias just com- 
pleted a brick hotel and business building, known as the Manning building, 
corner Fourth and Union streets, Seattle. The residence he occupies he 
built in 1888. 

He was married November 18, 1882, to Miss Alice Warbass, daughter 
of the late Dr. U. G. Warbass, of Olympia, Washington. She is a native of 
Olympia. Her only surviving relative in this country is Judge E. 1). War- 
ier" 



ins ruin- of the puget sound country. 

bass, of Friday Harbor. Mr. and Mrs. Engle have one daughter, Marian, 
twelve years. Politically Mr. Engle is a Republican. He has always 
taken a commendable interest in public affairs, frequently attending state and 
ns of his party, but is not an office-seeker. 

HON. J. W. ROBINSON. 

For four generations the name Joseph has been the christian name of 
the head of die Robinson family. This family originated in Scotland, for 
many years resided in England, and came to this country in its early history, 
taking up their settlement in Virginia. The first Joseph Robinson was a 
prosperous Virginia merchant. His son, grandfather Joseph, was born on 
the banks of the James river; he was a leading attorney and held several high 
judicial ]■ death occurred in his ninety-fourth year. 

father of the subject <.f this sketch, Joseph the third, was born on 
f January, 1N11, was educated and reared in his native state until 
bis nineteenth year, and then in 1830 came west to Clinton county, Ohio, 
settling near Wilmington. He engaged successfully in stock-raising and 
farming, and lived to he eighty-two years of age. His wife, Margaret Killen, 
was a native of Kentuck} : her English ancestors were early settlers in Penn- 
inia and her father. James Killen, was a Revolutionary officer, afterward 
iiing a 1- 1 Kentucky. These parents had eight children, six sons 

and two daughters. Two of the sons served in the Union army in the Civil 
war. Jan :i, and Robert as a private, but later becoming a 

lieutenant; the other male members of the Family were lawyers, doctors and 
in the east except the subject of this sketch. 
ill William Robinson was ushered into the world near Wilmington, 
5. [855. In the excellent schools of his state he was edu- 
cated, and in the Lebanon (Ohio) Normal; he received his knowledge of 
an State University. In 1883 he came to Olympia, which 
he has made his I > r since. In this time he has built up a large and 

icquired an enviable reputation in this honor- 
1 1 ne 1 the best private libraries of professional works 
in the city. 

IN- has always been a Republican, and was elected and served for two 

fey, when the district extended to the Columbia river. 

In [890 Mr. Robinson wa chosi nperioi judge of Thurston county, and 

known trial judge in the Mate, hut the duties were not 

he re igned mi r8g !. Returning to active practice, he 

■ Olympia, lie lias membership in the 

. 111 the Knights of Pythias and the Woodmen of the World. 

MATTHEW hi. HYXER. 

,nrv > i". one of the pioneers of Edmonds, Washington, was 

n northwestern Pennsylvania, near Tionesta. and is 

tlso b m in Pennsylvania, and a lumberman by occu- 

dm died in [886, The paternal grandfather was a soldier in the 



HISTORY OE THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 147 

continental army at Valley Forge with Washington. The family originated 
in Germany, but was established here many years ago. The maiden name of 
the mother was Harriet Ball, and she was born in Vermont and died in 1852, 
having come of old English ancestry. Six children were born to these 
parents, namely: our subject; Isaac, a farmer of Maryland; Clinton C, a 
merchant of Vineland, New Jersey; Lavina, widow of H. H. Stone, residing 
in Jamestown, New York; Mary married J. H. Dawler, of Holly Beach, New 
Jersey ; Sarah, widow of G. R. Chambers, residing in Vineland, New Jersey. 

Matthew E. Hyner was educated in the public schools of New Jersey 
and Pennsylvania', and the State Normal School of Pennsylvania, concluding 
his studies when he was twenty years of age, at which time he opened a drug 
store at Unionville, Ohio, and conducted it for eight years. He then moved 
to Vineland, New Jersey, and for one year was engaged in farming. His 
next location was on the eastern shore of Maryland, where he conducted a 
farm for a year. In 1878 he went to the southeastern part of Illinois and 
operated a farm for eight years. In the spring of 1887 lie moved to Ed- 
monds, Washington, and engaged in a grocery and provision business for six 
or seven years, and also had the first express office in the place, known as 
"The Northwestern." This was before the railroads had made connection 
with Edmonds. Later he* disposed of his interests and has since then 
lived retired. 

On March 10, 1868, he married, in Vineland, New Jersey, Clara A. 
Brown, born in Pennsylvania and a daughter of W. T. Brown, a merchant of 
Union City, Pennsylvania, since deceased. The Brown family is Scotch- 
English in origin, and Mr. Brown's grandmother on the paternal side of the 
house was a Tiffany. Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Hyner, 
namely: Paul B., in a cigar and tobacco business in Seattle; Robert W, a 
mill proprietor; Ruth B. In religious ideas they are all members of the 
Congregational church. Mr. Hyner is a Democrat and has represented his 
party in state conventions for the past twelve years, and has been upon the 
county central committee and to county conventions for many years. He 
was appointed postmaster of Edmonds in 1888-90 and again in 1894-99. 
When he came to Edmonds the place consisted of a little settlement of half 
a dozen families. Through the many changes Mr. Hyner has borne his part 
of assisting in the development and material advancement of this locality, and 
is pointed to with pride as a very representative pioneer of the state. 

John L. Hyner, a brother of our subject, served as a soldier through 
the Civil war, and was under General Hooker. At the close of the conflict 
he was sergeant. His company of volunteers was from New York, and was 
practically wiped out of existence. Later he served as sheriff of Erie county, 
Pennsylvania, and died in 1878. 

MAJOR CHARLES O. BATES. 

There is much variety and interest in the life history of Major Charles 
O. Bates, who has passed the greater part of his life in different parts of the 
Union, but for the past eleven years has been a resident of Tacoma, and is 
a prominent lawyer there, and the deputy county attorney. His parents were 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Rev. Henry and Keziah (Chapman) Bates, and on both sides of the house 
ineml • fought in the Revolutionary war. Rev. Henry was 

in New England, while his wife was a native of Connecticut and is still 
living at Crete. Nebraska. Henry came west at an early day, and after gradu- 
ating iberlin College became a minister of the Congregational church, 
lie was also a prominent educator and in later life removed to Crete, Ne- 
braska, and was connected with Doane College. During his work there he 
ed away at the age of seventy-five, in 1889. During the war he was a 
unced anti-slaver) advocate, and as the section of Ohio in which he lived 
rather favorable to slavery he was subjected to much persecution because 
of his views. 

While this worthy couple were residing in Goodrich, Michigan, the son 
Charles ( ). was bom to them on May 31, 1855. A few years later the parents 
took him to Canton. Illinois, where he received most of his education. He 
went to Nebraska in 1S73. and at Beatrice carried out his intention of study- 
ing law, gaining his knowledge of the profession in the office of Colby and 
1 He was admitted to the bar by the supreme court of the state on 
31, [878, and he first commenced practice as an attorney in Beatrice. 
ed much ability and made himself popular, for he was county attorney 
of Gage county for one term and also city clerk a!hd city attorney of Beatrice. 
twelve years he was connected with the National Guard of Nebraska, 
having entered as a private, and being successively promoted to first sergeant 
and first lieutenant of his company, and later appointed adjutant of the First 
nent, Nebraska National Guard. Upon the organization of the First 
a le be v, assistant adjutant general with the rank of major, 

11 he held until removing to the state of Washington. 

In the winter of [890 and [89] he was with the First Brigade, Nebraska 

National < iuard, in the war against the Sioux Indians in the Pine Ridge upris- 

and in i' al reporl from Brigadier General L. W. Colby to the 

Nebraska .Major Rates is warmly praised for the tact, patience, 

endurance, and the ability with which he performed his duties in that 

campaign. 

Mr. B 1 na in [892, and has since been building up a 

splendid practice in the city. He is a member of the firm of Bates and 
Murray, who 310 Fidelity building. For the last three years he 

has I n\ prosecuting attorney of Pierce county. He is one of the 

most 1 1 the ranks of the Republican party, and is a zealous 

|s:i " and a aker, being in great demand as a campaign orator. He 

Elks, is a Mason, and a member of the Union Club 
mmerce. 
Mr. Bati 1 on December 23, [879, in Lincoln. Ne- 

hru Miss Kate Gillette became his wife. They are the parents 
of two children, I iman Bates and Russell Gillette Hates. 

JOHN II. vnd J VMES II. MILHOLLIN. 

From an early period in its development the Milhollin brothers have 
ninently identified with the history of the Sound country, and none 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 149 

more than they deserve a fitting recognition among those whose enterprise 
and ability have achieved splendid results. The family is of Scotch and 
German descent, and the paternal grandfather of our subjects. Jonathan Mil- 
hollin, enlisted in the continental army for service in the Revolutionary war 
when fourteen years of age, serving throughout the entire struggle to the 
surrender at Yorktown. After the war he settled in Kentucky, but when 
slaves were brought into that state, he, being an abolitionist, removed to 
Springfield, Ohio, crossing the Ohio river in 1800, and he was the first justice 
of the peace in Clark county. William Milhollin, his son and the father of 
our subjects, was born in Lexington, Kentucky. He followed milling in 
Ohio, and in 1853 moved to Cbamplin, Hennepin county, Minnesota, where 
his death occurred on the 14th of January, 1871. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Rebecca A. Henkle, was born in Springfield, Ohio, and is a 
member of a prominent old American family, representatives of which took 
part in the Revolutionary struggle. Six of her uncles were ministers of the 
gospel, and one, Moses Henkle, was a famous literary and newspaper man. 
The family is of Scotch-Dutch descent. Mrs. Milhollin is still living, having 
reached the age of eighty-seven years, and she makes her home in Blaine. 

John Henkle Milhollin was born in Springfield, Ohio, May 31, 1844, 
and his education was received in the public schools of Minnesota. In his 
youth he worked at farm labor on his father's farm and in scaling logs in the 
river, thus continuing until 1869, when, on account of impaired health, he 
went to California. Returning to Minnesota in 1872, he was thereafter en- 
gaged in logging with his brother until 1882, during which time he was also 
in the employ of the Mississippi & Rum River Boom Company. The year 
1885 witnessed his arrival in Blaine, Washington, since which time he has 
been prominently identified with its interests, but at the time of his arrival 
this now thriving city contained but four houses and only a few were scat- 
tered throughout the surrounding country. In 1886, in company with his 
brother, he began the erection at Blaine of the first wharf built into deep 
water, this enterprise being completed two years later, in 1888, and they also 
erected for the city a seven hundred foot wharf on E street, the principal 
wharf in the city. They constructed all the foundations for the original mills 
and also furnished many piles for the fish traps. During the past few years 
the elder brother has been engaged in scaling logs. 

John H. Milhollin was married on the nth of October, 1884. to Mary 
J. McPherson, the wedding being celebrated at St. Cloud, Minnesota. She 
is a native of Ontario, Canada, but is a member of an old American family of 
Scotch descent. One daughter, Rebecca, has graced this union. Mrs. Mil- 
hollin has one sister and three brothers living in Washington : Ann Harvey, 
of Seattle; Peter McPherson, an attorney of Republic; George McPherson, 
a stockman of Bruster; and William McPherson, of Bruster, who followed 
the flag to the sea under Sherman. In his fraternal relations Mr. Milhollin 
is identified with Lodge No. 30, A. F. & A. M., of Anoka. Minnesota. He 
was a member of the township board of Cbamplin, that state, and in 1897-8 
served as a member of the city council of Blaine. 

James Halsey Milhollin was born in Hennepin county. Minnesota, on 
the 28th of June, 1856. His elementary education was received in the com- 



L50 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

mon schools of his native locality, but this was supplemented by instruction 
in Professor Archibald's Business College. After completing his studies he 
in the logging business with his brother for ten years, during which 
time he ■ ; loyed throughout the summer months with the Mississippi 

& Rum River Boom Company. From 1883 until 1S86 he followed agricul- 
tural pursuits, and in the latter year came to Blaine, Washington, where for 
the past three years he has been engaged in getting out piles on his own ac- 
count. The brothers have constructed several residence buildings in Blaine, 
opened several streets and in 1S88 built the California Creek bridge. 
The ' have exerted a wide influence in affairs pertaining to the develop- 

ment ami improvement of this section, and throughout the entire period of 
their residence in the Evergreen state have been held in high esteem. James 
11. Milhollin gives his political support to men and principle rather than party 
and is independent, hut ha- served as a delegate to many county conventions. 
In [892 he was made a member of the city council of Blaine, receiving every 
' with the exception of twelve, and during the years of 1888, 1889 
and [89b served as a member of the school board. In his fraternal relations 
he is a member of the Independent Order of Good Templars. 

' In the 6th of October, 1884, at Champlin, Minnesota, Mr. Milhollin was 
united in marriage to Miss Minnie C. Faber. a daughter of Nicholas and 
Catherine Faber and a native of Jackson enmity, Iowa. Two sons came to 
bless the union of Mr. and Mrs. Milhollin, Clayton F., born in 1886, and 
llenkle, born in 1902. 

COLONEL FRANK C. R< >SS. 

many years Colonel Frank C. Ross has been numbered among the 

representative citizens and business men of Tacoma; and throughout the 

period of it- development he has been an important factor in the improvement 

and advancement of this section of the state, being also concerned with the 

broader interests which have had to do with the welfare of the commonwealth. 

A native son of the Prairie state, Mr. Ross was born at Pittsfield, Pike 

county, Illinois, March 20, [858, and is the son of Marcellus and Martha A. 

Ross. A- one reviews the history of that commonwealth and 

s into the pasi to >.■ who were prominent in its early development, he 

will find that for many years the name of Ross was closely connected with 

the p: and advancement of then' section of the state. The paternal 

frandfathi ubject, Colonel William Ross, was born at Munson, 

sachusetts, April, [792. lie served as ensign in the war of 1812, and 

m the battle at Sacketts Harbor. His brother, Leonard Ross, 

tain of a company in the -aim- regiment. Colonel William Ross 

left Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in the year 1S20, in company with his four 

brothers, Captain Leonard, Dr. Henry J., John and Clarendon Ross, and 

i" < ; ounty, when it embraced that part of the state west 

of the Illinois river on a hi , to the northwest corner of Indiana, taking 

'» th< e of 1 hicago. General Steadman, of Beardstown, Illinois. 

jsioned William Ross as colonel to raise a regiment to serve in the 

Black Hawk war, to rendezvous al Beardstown. Abraham Lincoln was corn- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 151 

missioned captain of a company in the same regiment. Colonel Ross and 
Abraham Lincoln were delegates to the first national Republican convention 
held at Philadelphia in June, 1856, where John C. Fremont was nominated 
for president and William L. Dayton for vice president. Colonel Ross was 
also a delegate to the national convention at Chicago, June 15, i860, where 
Lincoln was nominated for president on the third ballot. Colonel Ross and 
Abraham Lincoln went as delegates to the state convention when Richard 
Yates, the "war horse," was nominated for governor. As Governor Yates 
and Colonel Ross were walking along the street one day, Colonel Ross said 
"I hear Mr. Lincoln's footsteps," and leu iking back they saw him coming up. 
Colonel Ross grasped Mr. Lincoln by the hand and said to him: "I think 
you had better go with us and help nominate a president." To this Mr. Lin- 
coln replied: "My better judgment tells me I better not." When Abra- 
ham Lincoln was president he often visited Colonel Ross and consulted him 
on important questions. One was on issuing the emancipation proclamation. 
Colonel Ross told Mr. Lincoln, when discussing the subject, not to let the sun 
go down before he issued the proclamation. Colonel Ross served eight years 
in the Illinois senate and succeeded in getting a number of important bills 
for the welfare of the state. He was the founder of the town of Pittsfield, 
Illinois, now the county seat of Pike count} - , naming the place after Pittsfield. 
Massachusetts, the birthplace of Mrs. Marcellus Ross. He died at Pittsfield, 
Illinois, May 31, 1873. 

Marcellus Ross, the father of our subject, was the first white male child 
born in greater Pike county, that event occurring November 11, 1824. The 
first Masonic lodge in all this large district was organized and held in Colonel 
Ross's residence, and the hickory gavel used on that historic occasion is now 
one of the keepsakes of the subject of this sketch. Before the breaking out 
of the Indian war, Black Hawk, the great chief, was a frequent visitor at 
the Ross home and often carried Marcellus Ross in his arms. Mr. Ross be- 
came a wealth}' and prominent business man and farmer in Pike count}', and 
was engaged in flour milling and woolen manufacturing and other enterprises. 
He left Pike county with his family in 188 1, and settled in San Jose, Cali- 
fornia, there residing until 1899, when they joined their son Frank, in Ta- 
coma, the latter having located in Tacoma in 1879. Mrs. Ross was born 
of New England parents at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, June 17. 1830. She 
married Marcellus Ross at her Massachusetts home, and with him returned 
to the then almost unknown west, and for fifty-six years this worthy couple 
have traveled life's journey together. Two sons and one daughter now bless 
their union. 

Frank C. Ross received his scholastic training in the schools of Pittsfiel '. 
Illinois, the town of his nativity, and was there extensively interested with 
his father in agricultural pursuits. At seventeen years of age he went with 
his mother and sister to San Jose, California, on a visit, where For two years 
he was assistant with Marshall Groom, son of the proprietor, in the cooking 
department of the Golden Gate Fruit Canning Company. In 1877 they re- 
turned to Pittsfield, but two years later lie came out to Washington territory, 
taking up his abode in the little hamlet of Tacoma. At the time <>i his arrival 
this now prosperous city had but a population of seven hundred and fifty 



152 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

inhabitants. After working at various occupations for a short time he went 
in partnership with Ins brother, Charles K. Ross, in the fruit and confectionery 
business, which business developed into a large and successful trade, but was 
discontinued at the death of his brother, who was accidentally killed by falling 
from the cars while on his way from Kalama to Tacoma, in 1883. Colonel 
Ross then engaged in the real estate business, and before many years had 
passed he was recognized as a wealthy and successful capitalist and promoter. 

In [889 90 ( ;olonel Ross was president of the Tacoma & Lake City Rail- 
road and Navigation Company, a road which he built for a distance of twelve 
miles from Tacoma to American Lake, toward Portland, which he sold to the 
Union Pacific Railroad Company, reserving the steamer and boats on the lake. 
Terminal grounds to the value of a quarter of a million dollars were donated 
to the Union Pacific Railroad by Allen C. Mason and Colonel Ross. The 
Union Pacific then began the work of extending the line to Portland, but after 
expending a million dollars in the project the company went into the hands 
of a receiver and the work stopped. Continuing in enterprises of this nature, 

nel Ross, in [892, began the construction of a railroad along the shore of 
the Sound between Tacoma and Seattle. He also made numerous surveys 
of possible routes from Tacoma to the east and south, exploring all the moun- 
tain passes of the Cascades, and also to the northwest to Port Townsend and 
the straits running by the present site of the United States navy yard at 
Brem< rton, and in fact projected a system of railways converging at Tacoma, 
where he has extensive terminal grounds. 

The road toward Seattle ran for three miles through the Puyallup Indian 
reservation, which at that time was an insurmountable barrier, but Colonel 
Ross (omened the plan of having the work on his grade done by the Indians 
themselves, on their own land, believing this would enable him to get through, 
lie had a large force of Indians at work clearing right of way, and was 
notified by President Grover Cleveland to cease work and get off the reserve. 
["his he refused to do, and troops from Vancouver barracks, under command 
of ( aptain Carpenter, an old Indian fighter, were sent to stop the work. The 

1 ps attempted to drive the Indians off at the point of the bayonet, but the 

Indians, encouraged by Colonel Ross, resisted the troops and finally drove 
them off the ground, using their working tools as weapons and rolling logs 
down the steep hillside, scattering the army. Captain Carpenter finally with- 
drew, bul promised the Indians that he would return the next day and drive 

I -II if he had to kill ever) one of them. In the early morning following 

' Ige Fremont Campbell, General A. J. Baker and 

Charles Woodworth, having secured a writ from the courts of King county, 

sheriff Charles Woollery captured Captain Carpenter in his tent, and after a 

short parley in which the sheriff informed the crestfallen officer that even the 

orders of the president of the 1 nitcd States were not good enough to hold out 

riff, the army submitted to the writ, and the following day the 

before the courl 111 Seattle, where a decision' was ren- 

I in Colonel Ross's favor. The government look the matter to the 

1 States -.ml, where Judge C. II. Hanford sustained Colonel Ross, but 

peal b) the government to the court of appeals the decision 

Colonel Ross, not being satisfied with this decision, set to 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 153 

work in another way. In 1897 he procured a franchise across the flats on 
Railroad avenue, from the city council of Tacoma, then went to Seattle and 
secured a franchise there from the county through the lands in King county. 
He enlisted with him Malcom MacDougall, a prominent capitalist of that 
city, and after securing the money necessary to build the road along the 
water front between the two cities the}- returned to Tacoma, where Mr. Mac- 
Dougall asked for additional rights of way over lands on the tide lands in 
the city limits, through his attorney, General James M. Ashton. The city 
council, however, delayed and opposed the project until Mr. MacDougall be- 
came disgusted and dropped the whole project. 

Colonel Ross next became interested with Fred E. Sander in securing a 
franchise from the city of Tacoma for a street railway line to connect the 
two cities, by way of White and Stuck river valleys, with a cut-off over the 
hills from Auburn to Tacoma. He was associated with George W. Chap- 
man, of Seattle, in securing the right of way for this line; but after the Gen- 
eral Electric Company, represented by Stone & Webster, secured from Henry 
Bucey that gentleman's route and rights of way for a line over the hill country 
between the two cities, they changed their plans and purchased the Sanders 
route, on which the present Seattle-Tacoma Interurban line was built. 

In the furtherance of his project of establishing extensive railway ter- 
minals on the water front at Tacoma, Colonel Ross acquired extensive inter- 
ests on the tide flats of the Indians, under contracts which entitled him to 
purchase these lands at a specified price as soon as Congress should pass laws 
allowing the Indians to sell. A senatorial committee from Washington, 
D. C, came to Tacoma to decide when and in what manner the lands might 
be sold, and also to investigate Colonel Ross's contracts and his rights there- 
under. This committee reported in favor of the appointment of a commission 
to ascertain who were the legal owners of the Indian lands, and to make 
agreements with the Indians for the sale of the lands, the prices demanded 
and terms of sale. A commission was then appointed, and a number of the 
Indians who had made contracts with Ross then sold, through this com- 
mission, the lands so contracted. These contracts all being on record gave 
notice to the purchasers from the commission, but a number of persons paid 
their money and took certificates of sale from the commission. On March 3, 
1903, the necessary law having been passed by Congress authorizing the 
Indians to sell, Ross brought suit against all persons who had attempted to 
secure title to his lands, to quiet title. A large number of these cases were 
settled, but several are now pending, and will be settled in the supreme court 
of the United States, as the land has now become of great value. Of the 
large area of lands controlled by Colonel Ross, free sites have been furnished 
for manufacturing enterprises and it is his purpose to make these lands the 
business center of the great city destined to grow up on Commencement bay. 

At the present time Colonel Ross, in company with Judge Campbell, is 
associated with E. J. Felt in a project for the construction -1 a fast suburban 
electric line between Tacoma and American Lake, and is also negotiating for 
the construction of another line of standard gauge road into Tacoma. 



1.-.4 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

MRS. R. A. SMALL. 

Mrs. Rainie Adamson Small is now filling the position of county super- 
intendent of public schools in Snohomish county, Washington. She has 
been s Jely and prominently connected with the educational interests of 

this S( | the state during more than a decade that no history of the 

community would he complete without the record of her career. It is a 
widely acknowledged fact that the most important work to which one can 
direct ergies is that of teaching; whether it he from the pulpit, from 

the lecture plat form or Erom the schoolroom, its primary object is ever the 
pment of one's latent powers that the duties of life may 
be bravely nut and well performed. For ten years Mrs. Small was recog- 
of i he most competent teachers in the schools of Snohomish 
ty, and at the cud of that time she was elected to the position which 
she is now so capably filling. 

Small was horn on the 2d of February, 1861, in the land of the 
midnight sun. Her Father was Andrew Adamson, a native of Norway, who 
came to the I fnited Slates in the year in which his daughter was born. He 
brought with him his family and took up his abode in Nicollet county, Min- 
He 1 since carried on agricultural pursuits, and is still living 
upon a faun there at the age of seventy-four years. His wife, who bore 
the maiden name of Julia Charles, was also a native of Norway, and this 
worth) couple are still traveling life's journey together, Mrs. Adamson hav- 
ing reached tin age of seventy-one years. In the family were seven daughters 
and eight sons. 

Mrs. Small pursued her preliminary education in the country schools 

of M . and at tin- ag fourteen years she left home to care for an 

invalid <istn- in northern Missouri. On the death of this sister Mrs. Small 

went to |o\-.a. where she continued her education as a student in the public 

eld. In [879 she went to Colorado where she entered 

upon her work as an educator, successfully teaching in Boulder county. 

Win' leted a preparatory course in the University of Colo- 

and in 1882 she attended Lombard University of Illinois, where she 

continued her studies until on the completion of the collegiate course she 

graduated in the class of [886, In 1890 she came to Snohomish county 

and lias since been identified with the educational interests of this portion 

o! tin st 

'in tin [6th of June, 1886, in (ialeshurg, Illinois, Rainie Adamson 

her hand in marriage to Wallace F. Small, whose birth occurred in 

Illinois, while Ins mother, who in her maidenhood was Aurelia F. Rhyder, 

and his father, who was J. I >. I'. Small, were natives of Provincetown, Massa- 

chut ■ 

During her residence in Snohomish county Mrs. Small has gained a 

quaintance and won the esteem of all with whom she has been 

iated. She was 1 1 a l pr< sident of Phi Beta Phi Sorosis for four 

. which fact indicates her prominence in this college fraternity. In 

000. she w.i- elected superintendent of the public schools of 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTO« : KNOX AND 
T1LDEN FOUNDATIONS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 155 

Snohomish county, her term expiring in September, 1903. In this position 
she has given careful supervision to educational work, has studied closely 
the conditions and needs of the different schools of the county, has suggested 
reforms and instituted improvements until under her direction the Schools 
have made rapid advance, and their present high standard is largely 
due to her efforts. It would be almost tautological in this connection to 
enter into any series of statements as showing her to be a woman of broad 
intellectuality and keen discernment, for this has been shadowed forth be- 
tween the lines of this review. Moreover, her many womanly qualities and 
kindliness of nature have gained for her the warm personal friendship of 
many with whom she has been brought in contact. 

JAMES A. DURRENT, M. D. 

From no professional man do we expect or exact so many of the cardinal 
virtues as from the physician. If the clergyman is austere we imagine his 
mind is absorbed with the contemplation of things beyond our ken; if our 
lawyer is brusque and crabbed, it is the mark of gejiij.is.; : but .in the physician 
we expect not only a superior mentality and coiVtprcfensive knowledge but 
sympathy as wide as the universe. Dr. Diw-rettt hr large "measure meets all 
of these requirements, and is regarded by many as an ideal -physician. Cer- 
tainly, if patronage is any criterion of abfity, he ranks high among the leading 
physicians and surgeons in Snohomish, where he is now enjoying a large and 
lucrative practice. 

Dr. James Arthur Durrent was born, on the 23d ©f April, 1875, in Co- 
lumbus, Ontario county, Canada, and is the only son of Edward and Anna S. 
(Rundle) Durrent. The father is a native of England and was taken by his 
parents to Canada when but three years of age. He wedded Miss Rundle, 
who was born in Ontario and represented an old English family. Their home 
is now in North Dakota, where he is conducting a ranch. The only daughter 
of the family is Effie May Durrent. 

Dr. Durrent began his education in the public schools of Ontario, and 
later attended the high school at Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, there continuing 
his studies until 1890. In that year he went to North Dakota, and was after- 
ward graduated in the high school of Dickinson of that state, with the class 
of 1896. He pursued a course in the literary department of the University 
of Michigan at Ann Arbor during the succeeding summer, and in the fall 
of the same year, having determined to make the practice of medicine his 
life work, he entered the medical department of the Michigan University and 
therein pursued his studies until he was graduated on the 20th of June, 1900. 
Almost immediately afterward he came to the Sound country and practiced 
medicine at Marysville, Snohomish county, for one year. In the summer of 
1901 he pursued a post-graduate course in the New York Post-Graduate 
Medical School, also in the New York Polyclinic and the Xew York Lying-in 
Hospital. In February, 1902, he returned to this section of Washington and 
took up his abode in Snohomish, where he has since remained, gaining an 
enviable position in the ranks of the medical fraternity. 



156 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

On the 8th of July, 1902, Dr. Durrent was united in marriage to Miss 
Jennie Rozella McDowell, of Minneapolis, a daughter of C. A. and N. V. 
McDowell. The young couple are widely and favorably known in the city of 
their adoption, and the hospitality of the best homes is here extended to them. 
The Doctor is a worthy follower of the Masonic fraternity, and in his political 
views is a Republican. In the fall of 1902 he was elected city health officer 
for the city of Snohomish and is now filling that position. He is yet a young 
man, but, with a nature that can never content itself with mediocrity, he has 
so qualified himself that he is steadily advancing to a prominent position 
among the most capable members of the profession in Snohomish county, and 
the public and the Masonic fraternity acknowledge his worth and merit. 

J. O'B. SCOBEY. 

As a leading representative of the industrial interests of Olympia, Mr. 
Scobey stands to-day as the head of the Puget Sound Preserving Company, 
and he is also receiver in the United States land office, having been appointed 
to this position by President McKinley and reappointed by President Roose- 
velt. A native of the state of New York, he was born in Summit, Schoharie 
county, on the 5th of July, 1854, and on the paternal side comes of Scotch 
and Welsh ancestry, while on the maternal side he is of Irish and English 
descent; but for many generations both families have resided in America. 
Zephaniah D. Scobey, his father, was born in the Empire state on the 15th 
of December, 1817, and pursued his education in New York. He was after- 
ward ordained as a Methodist minister, and for half a century was connected 
with the Old New York Conference. He retired from the ministry in 1856, 
but afterward preached occasionally, and in 1858 emigrated to Delaware 
county, Iowa, where he purchased a farm and established his home. While 
there he was elected treasurer of his county and served for two terms, was 
also agent for the Upper Iowa University, and acted as postmaster at Fayette 
for twelve years. For some time he was also clerk of the county, and in his 
public offices was ever found to be reliable, prompt and efficient. Later he 
removed to Chicago, where he died on the 15th of April, 1897, at the age of 
eighty years. He had married Miss Ellenor Elizabeth Anderson, who was 
born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, their wedding being celebrated in Glenham, 
New York, in 1845. Like her husband, Mrs. Scobey was a devout member 
of the Methodist church, and both led lives of great usefulness, Mr. Scobey 
being particularly active in the cause which he espoused in his youth. His 
influence was widely felt for good in the community with which he was 
identified, and to those who knew him his name still remains as a blessed 
benediction. In the family were five childen, all of whom are yet living, 
namely: Mrs. Sarah B. Duncan, who is a graduate of the Hahnemann Medi- 
cal College of Chicago and is now practicing in that city; George P., who 
conducts a grocery store in Fayette, Iowa ; Charles Robert Anderson, who 
is Indian agent at Poplar Creek, Montana, and has charge of the Fort Peck 
Indian agency; and Carry O., who resides with her sister in Chicago. 

J. O'B. Scobey, the other member of the family and the only one living 
in Washington, obtained his education in the Upper Iowa University, and 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 157 

was graduated in the class of 1874, having the honor of being the valedic- 
torian. Soon afterward he entered the journalistic field, becoming connected 
with the newspapers in Fayette, Iowa. Later, in Corning, Iowa, he began 
reading law, and in the spring of 1879 was admitted to the bar, and practiced 
his chosen profession until 1892. In 18S6 he came to Chicago, where he 
resided until 1892, when he removed to Pullman, Washington, and for a year 
was connected with the Agricultural College at that place. In 1893 he arrived 
in Olympia and with others purchased the Morning Olympian, which he pub- 
lished until the 21st of July, 1897, at which date he received the appointment 
of receiver in the United States land office, being named for the position by 
President McKinley. In March, 1902. he was reappointed by President 
Roosevelt, for during his previous term he had been most loyal to .the trust 
reposed in him, therefore representing the government's best interests. In 
Dakota Air. Scobey served for two terms in the legislature, and was the cham- 
pion of every measure which he believed would contribute to the welfare of 
that commonwealth. He also served one term as a member of the legislature 
of the state of Washington. 

Since his arrival in Olympia Mr. Scobey has become an active factor in 
business circles here. Fie organized the Puget Sound Preserving Company, 
which has been famed for its strawberry jam. The enterprise has now as- 
sumed extensive and profitable proportions, a large business being carried on 
in the canning of fruits and vegetables. Twenty-five employes are in the 
factory,, and in this business Mr. Scobey is meeting with excellent success. 
He has twenty-seven acres of land devoted to the raising of strawberries, 
raspberries, cherries and currants and no finer berries can be found anywhere 
in this country than those produced upon his place. He also has splendid 
fields of plums and prunes, and in this enterprise is proving how well is the 
soil of the Puget Sound country adapted to the purpose of raising fine fruit. 
He also purchases large quantities of fruit for his cannery, and he ships his 
products to the east, where there is a large demand for the goods which are 
put up by the Preserving Company. 

On the 24th of November, 1880, Mr. Scobey was happily married to 
Miss Myrtie E. Walker, at Brookings, South Dakota. The lady is a native 
of the state of Wisconsin and a daughter of Jacob Walker. Their children 
are Bessie; Willie C. ; Arthur M. and Helen. Mr. Scobey became a member 
of the Masonic fraternity in 1881, having been made a Master Mason in 
Brookings Lodge No. 27. A. F. & A. M. He now belongs to Whitman 
Lodge No. 49, and has taken the Royal Arch degree and the chapter degree 
at Brookings; and the Knights Templar degree at Tacoma. Washington. 
He is also connected with the Woodmen of the World; the Modern Wood- 
men of America, the Knights of the Maccabees, and Order of Washington. 
In politics he has been a life-long Republican, unfaltering in his allegiance 
to the party. He has ever been energetic and persevering, and has carried 
forward his efforts along lines of well defined labor, bringing to him pros- 
perity. 



158 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

HON. THAD HUSTON. 

The name of Huston has been made familiar in various states, both east 
and west, by the vigorous personality and successful achievements of those 
by whom it was borne. As far back as 1680 representatives of this family 
were settled in Mifflin county, Pennsylvania, and from this parent stem were 
sent out offshoots which reappeared as sturdy growths in different sections 
of the west. Alexander Huston, whose birth occurred in the Keystone state 
during the latter half of the eighteenth century, was among the pioneers who 
reached Kentucky as early as 1805. Though at this period the "dark and 
bloody ground" was enjoying comparative repose, it was far from being an 
idyllic place of residence. The state had been in the Union but a few years, 
population was still sparse and confined to a few sections, and much of the 
broad acreage subsequently so famous was still unfamiliar to the plow. 
Daniel Boone, the celebrated sylvan hero, feeling crowded by the too near 
approach of civilization, had crossed the Mississippi in the trail of the buffalo 
to obtain the room essential to his roving disposition. Since the treaty of 
Greenville the red men of Ohio no longer crossed the river to hunt and inci- 
dentally maraud the neutral ground that lay beyond. There was a temporary 
lull in the dreadful business of scalping and tomahawking, which had long 
constituted the chief occupation of the border. 

After spending eight years in Kentucky, Alexander Huston concluded 
to recross the great river and cast his destinies with the new territory of 
Indiana. At the time of his arrival there was little in the prospect that gave 
promise of the magnificent commonwealth which we now see before us. No 
development of consequence had as yet taken place, and the aspect of nature 
exhibited almost its original solitude. The majestic forests of oak, walnut, 
hickory and elm stretched in unbroken masses from the Ohio line to the 
Illinois border, and from the great lakes on the north to the graceful wind- 
ings of La Belle Riviere on the south. There were, it is true, some scores 
of thousands of adventurous people on the scene, but they were widely scat- 
tered, and 110 towns of any importance had as yet appeared, and such villages 
as had been established were mostly confined to the Ohio river border. Alex- 
ander Huston settled upon a tract of land in the southern section about 1813, 
and from that time on was a very active agent in affairs preceding the forma- 
tion of the state. He was also elected a member of the first legislature of 
Indiana, which assembled at Corydon, took a leading part in the important 
proceedings of that body and remained continually in office until the capital 
was removed to Indianapolis in 1825, and was a member of the first session 
in Indianapolis. 

William Alexander Huston, son and namesake of the pioneer above de- 
scribed, was born in August, 1814, in Washington county, near New Phila- 
delphia, on a homestead a part of which has never since left the possession of 
the family. He educated himself for a physician in the medical college at 
Louisville, practiced some years in Indiana and in 1852 removed to Illinois, 
where he was engaged in his profession when the outbreak of the Civil war 
convulsed the country. He was appointed surgeon of the One Hundred and 
Thirty-seventh Regiment. Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with which he per- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 159 

formed arduous service in the line of his profession until his health broke 
down under the strain and brought on his death in June, 1864, at Memphis, 
Tennessee. In early manhood Dr. Huston had been married in Salem, In- 
diana, to Sarah, daughter of James Thompson, of that place, and four of the 
five children by this union are still living. The widow, now in the seventy- 
sixth year of her age, still lives at Salem, Indiana. 

Thad Huston, one of the sons of this estimable matron, was born in 
Washington county, Indiana, April 15, 1846, but as his father shortly after- 
ward removed to Illinois he received his education in that state. He was 
attending school in McDonough county when the war opened, and with his 
father's regiment went to the front, from which the father was never destined 
to return. On the 21st day of August, 1864, scarcely four months after his 
enlistment, the subject of this sketch received a gunshot wound in the knee 
in one of the fights near Memphis, which disabled him for further service and 
produced an injury from the effects of which he has never fully recovered. 
He was honorably discharged at Springfield, Illinois, in October, 1864, and 
returned to his home for rest and recuperation. During the summer of 1866 
he was engaged in service with the freedmen's bureau and as contract steward 
at the hospital in Vicksburg, but in the fall of that year returned to Illinois 
and entered upon the study of law. Being admitted to practice in March, 
1868, he went to Chicago in the following spring and secured a position as 
collector or agent for a large wholesale house. He was thus engaged when 
the disastrous fire of 1871 practically destroyed the great lake city and threw 
himself and thousands of others out of employment. For the fourteen fol- 
lowing years he practiced law at Salem. Indiana, and during this time became 
quite prominent in the Republican politics of the state. He was a delegate to 
the famous national convention at Chicago in 1880. in which the "immortal 
306" made the great fight to elect General Grant for a third term, but which 
eventuated in the nomination of James A. Garfield for the presidency. 

About this time Mr. Huston's attention had been attracted to the ad- 
vantages offered by the Puget Sound country to enterprising emigrants, and 
he determined to cast his lot with this part of the northwest. So in 1887 he 
closed up his affairs in Indiana, took a transcontinental train for Washington, 
and before the end of the year was domiciled at Tacoma in the practice of 
law. He soon attracted attention and received recognition by appointment as 
master in chancery for the United States circuit court for the western district 
of Washington. This office he filled acceptably until 1900, when he was 
elected judge of the superior court of Pierce county for the term which is 
still uncompleted. A number of talented Indianians have achieved success 
and obtained official recognition in the new- state of Washington, but none 
have reflected more honor upon the Hoosier commonwealth than Judge 
Huston. Both as a lawyer and judge, as well as in all the characteristics of 
a good citizen, he has commended himself to his associates and proved a 
valuable acquisition to the progressive city on the Sound. 

The social relations of Judge Huston are in every way agreeable and in 
keeping with the character of the man. Some years ago Miss Rose L. Ken- 
rich, a young lady from Illinois, was appointed as one of (he teachers in the 
Tacoma schools and attracted attention by her superior qualifications as an 



1G0 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

educator. She is a daughter of Solomon Kenrich, who at present resides in 
White county, Indiana, to which section he removed from his old home in 
Illinois. On the 20th of June, 1898, Judge Huston and Miss Kenrich were 
happily wedded, and have since been pleasantly domiciled in one of the most 
commodious residences in Tacoma, where a genial but unostentatious hos- 
pitality is extended to their many friends. By virtue of his war service 
Judge Huston is eligible to membership in various patriotic organizations, 
but confines his fraternal relations to comradeship with the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion and the Tacoma branch of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

URBAN G. WYNKOOP. 

Urban G. Wynkoop of Wynkoop-Vaughan Drug Company, Tacoma, 
Washington, was born at Plummer, Venango county, Pennsylvania, in 1863, 
and is a son of J. F. and Elizabeth (Leech) Wynkoop. J. F. Wynkoop was 
born in northwestern Pennsylvania, of Holland Dutch stock, his ancestry 
being among the early settlers near New Amsterdam, in with the Holland 
Dutch land grant company on the Hudson river. Urban G. Wynkoop re- 
ceived an excellent preliminary education in the schools of Jamestown, New 
York, and finished at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where he attended the Pitts- 
burg College of Pharmacy, a department of Western University of Pennsyl- 
vania, from which he graduated in 1886. 

Before the close of his school days, however, he owned two drug stores, 
one in Allegheny city and another at Springfield, Pennsylvania; this was 
before he was twenty-one years of age. In the fall of 1886 he sold out his 
business and went to Washington, D. C, where for a year he was in the 
employ of Shellor & Stephens, on the corner of Ninth and Pennsylvania 
avenues, one of the best drug stores in that city. A year later he removed 
to Tacoma and bought into the drug business of Slayden & Sayer. Still 
later, with Mr. Slayden as a partner, he started as a branch store, the Crystal 
pharmacy, at the corner of Ninth and C streets, but they afterwards dissolved 
partnership, Mr. Wynkoop taking the large store in the Fife Block where 
the Donnelly Hotel office now is. About 1896 he removed to his present 
location, the southwest corner of Ninth street and Pacific avenue, the best 
retail location in Tacoma. For several years past Mr. Elmer P. Vaughan 
has been a partner in the business, which is conducted under the name of 
Wynkoop-Vaughan Company. The concern does a very large business, and 
both gentlemen are successful and enterprising business men. Mr. Wynkoop 
is a member of the Chamber of Commerce and belongs to all the leading fra- 
ternal organizations of Tacoma. 

In June, 1882, Mr. Wynkoop was married at Jamestown, New York, to 
Miss Mittae F. Georgi, and two sons have been born to them : William and 
Albro G, both of whom are being educated in college. The pleasant home 
at 307 North J street is a favorite gathering place for the many friends of 
the family, and both Mr. and Mrs. Wynkoop are highly respected by a large 
circle of friends. Mr. Wynkoop has been identified with the State Pharma- 
ceutical Association since its organization about fourteen years ago, and at 



'PThe nevTtorF 
PUBLIC LIBRARY] 



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ASTOR. LENOX AND 
T»t,OENroaNDATIOWs| 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 161 

its last convention, held July 18-21, he was elected president of the associa- 
tion. He was one of the organizers of the association, and assisted in draft- 
ing the first pharmaceutical law in the state. 

ERIC EDWARD ROSL1NG. 

Eric Edward Rosling, a leading member of the Tacoma bar, has been a 
successful law practitioner in this city during the past fourteen years, his 
residence in the Evergreen state dating from the 1st of June, 1890. His 
birth occurred in the far-off land of Sweden, March 3, 1865, being a son of 
Charles E. and Charlotte (Peterson) Rosling, natives also of that country. 
Their marriage was celebrated in the land of their nativity, and in the fall of 
1865, when the subject of this review was less than a year old, they took up 
their abode in Boston, Massachusetts, where they have ever since made their 
home. They are consistent members of the Lutheran church, and are people 
of the highest respectability and worth. 

Eric Edward Rosling, the only son. of. this worthy couple, received his 
elementary education in the public schools of Boston, after which he matricu- 
lated in the Boston University, and in tSSc/ihe completed the course- in the 
Boston Law School and was given the degree of LL. B. In 1889 he came 
to Washington, selecting Tacoma as the future field of his endeavor, and 
although he had no acquaintances when he 'arrived iiere be soon formed a law 
partnership, and for two years the firm'' of Garretson, Parker & Rosling en- 
joyed a large and lucrative patronage, -Severing his connection therewith, 
Mr. Rosling has since practiced alone. From the beginning of his profes- 
sional career he has met with a fair degree of success, and his clientage is 
now of a distinctively representative character. The Republican party re- 
ceives his hearty support and co-operation, and during the years of 1893-4 
he served as city attorney, while for two years he was president of the board 
of education. He has long been prominent and active in promoting the edu- 
cational interests of the city, and the normal school was established during 
his term of service on the board, and he has also been an active member and 
secretary of the board of the Young Men's Christian Association, aiding 
materially in the procuring of their building and the necessary furnishings. 
Although his interests are many and varied, he has never neglected his re- 
ligious duties, and is a valued member of the First Baptist church of Tacoma, 
in which for nine years he served as superintendent of the Sunday school, and 
now has the largest young people's class of any church in the city, it having 
a membership of ninety-six, and much good has resulted from its association. 

The marriage of Air. Rosling was celebrated in [890, when Miss "Minnie 
Belle Lincoln became his wife, she being a native of Boston and a daughter of 
Freeman Lincoln, a member of the same family from which President Lincoln 
was descended. Three children have been born: Hattie, nine years; Marion, 
seven years; Edward, six years. Mr. and Mrs. Rosling reside in a beautiful 
home in Tacoma. the residence being built in 1893. and they have a charming 
home at Steilacoom. In his fraternal relations he is a member of both 
branches of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is also connected 
with its auxiliary, the Rebekahs. 



162 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

JAMES H. DAVIS. 

One of the most picturesque phases of our national life was the days of 
the old "side-wheeler" steamboat on the great rivers of the central west. 
Many tales have been told illustrative of the career of the steamboatman, and 
that prince of humorists. Mark Twain, who was himself one of the best pilots 
that ever steered a boat by a snag or sandbank, has preserved these pioneer 
incidents of river traffic in his immortal works. And it is a matter of history 
that the great Lincoln also was a well known figure on the Mississippi long 
before he was ever an aspirant for political honors. It is a matter of pride 
with Mr. Davis, whose life is the subject of this biography, that he passed 
some of the years of his early boyhood in boating on the river, and he has 
many reminiscences of his experiences in that rough but honest life. 

His father was Captain Henry C. Davis, who came of Welsh ancestry 
and was of Kentucky parentage, but was born in Harrison county, Indiana. 
He enlisted at the first call for defenders of the Union and was enrolled in 
the Thirteenth Indiana cavalry, serving throughout the entire war and being 
raised to the rank of captain. He is a farmer and cattleman, and is now 
living at Bucklin, Kansas. His wife was Sarah E. Edmondson and was a 
native of Indiana: she is still living. 

Their son, James H.. was born at Fredericksburg, Harrison county, In- 
diana, on August 22, 1866. He was just eleven years old when he left his 
home and began working on the steamboats which plied on the Ohio and 
Mississippi, these being the chief modes of transportation between the north 
and south. James was not only a hard and willing worker, hut was very 
economical, and when he had saved up considerable money from this service 
he returned to New Albany. Indiana, and resolved to carry on the education 
which had been so much neglected in his youth. Accordingly he attended a 
business college there and graduated in 1884. His desire for a good mental 
training was not yet satisfied, and on his own resources he attended the De 
Pauw University at Greencastle, Indiana, for two years. He now felt him- 
self better equipped for the battles of life, and went west to Granada. Colo- 
rado, where he remained for three years engaged in general merchandising 
and banking. He then came to Tacoma. arriving here on March 10, 1889. 
He entered the employ of the street railway company, of which he was the 
purchasing agent for three years and three years following was the general 
superintendent. Once more he embarked in the mercantile business and con- 
tinued it with gratifying success until the fall of 1900. when he was elected 
as the candidate of the Republicans of the county to the important position of 
auditor. His term was for two years, and in the fall of 1902 he was up for 
re-election and was re-elected by the largest majority ever given in Pierce 
county. He is a very popular man and has made a most capable official. 

Mr. Davis and Miss Olive L. Luzader were married at Carlton, Colo- 
rado, November 2. 1888; they have no children. Mr. Davis is past grand 
master and past grand representative of the Washington Odd Fellows and 
also belongs to the Ancient Order of United Workmen and Fernhill Lodge 
No. 80 A. F. & A. M. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 163 

DAVID C. BOTHELL. 

David C. Bothell, one of the most prominent citizens of Bothell, Wash- 
ington, and owner of the townsite, was born May 3. 1820, in Indiana county, 
Pennsylvania. His father was George Bothell, born on the ocean, and he 
made his home in Pennsylvania, being a farmer and tanner. In the war of 
18 12 he enlisted, but never saw active service. His death occurred in 1834 
or 1835. The family is an old Revolutionary one. of Scotch-Irish descent. 
The mother bore the maiden name of Nancy Johnson, and she was born in 
Ireland, but died at the age of ninety years, about 1880. Six children were 
born of this marriage, namely: David C. ; William, living in Indiana; Caro- 
line, widow of Ben Henderson, resides in the south; Elizabeth, widow of a 
Mr. McWilliams, of Nebraska; Florana, widow of Steward Walker, of Penn- 
sylvania: Mary Jane, widow of Benjamin Walker of Nebraska. 

David C. Bothell was educated in the public schools of Indiana county, 
Pennsylvania, and at the death of his father helped to support the family by 
working on the farm and at the carpenter trade until he was twenty-four 
years of age. On February 27. 1844. he was married to Mary Ann Felmley. 
born in Center county. Pennsylvania, and a daughter of John Felmley. a miller 
of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, of German descent. Mrs. Bothell's mother 
was born in New Jersey. The following family was born to them, namely : 
John, deceased, served two years in the war; George served three years in the 
war. but at present is in a milling and logging business near Bothell, and has 
served two terms in the state legislature: David, a laborer of Bothell: and 
Labert. in the mercantile business in Iowa and Minnesota; while the girls are 
Mary Ann, who married Robert Campbell, a retired blacksmith of Bothell : 
Rachael. who married John M. Keener, a teamster of Bothell : and Clarissa, 
deceased. 

After his marriage David C. Bothell worked at his trade, at teaming 
and in sawmills in Pennsylvania, near the Stewardson furnace. On February 
19, 1864, he enlisted in Company K. Fourteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer In- 
fantry, and served through the war until November. 1865. He participated 
in thirty-nine engagements, including those of the Shenandoah Valley. Peters- 
burg and Winchester. He belonged to Averal's brigade, and was kept march- 
ing all the time. While not wounded, his back was injured on account of his 
horse falling upon him, while he was jumping a ditch. His honorable dis- 
charge was delivered in November, 1865. 

In 1866 he removed to Calhoun county. Illinois, and engaged in a wood 
business on the Mississippi river until the fall of 1871, when he moved to 
Palmyra. Missouri, and embarked in farming and dealing in wood. How- 
ever, in the fall of 1874 he again made a change, and this time located in 
Clayton county. Iowa, and continued his farming operations, and found work 
at his old trade as a carpenter. In 1883 he went to Seattle. Washington, 
and after a year moved to what is now Bothell. purchased the 
ground and platted the town that is named after him. For seven vears he 
was engaged in logging and lumbering, as well as in shingle mills, and was 
then burned out. After rebuilding he sold his interest and erected the Bothell 
Hotel, which he has operated ever since. 



164 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

In politics lie is a stanch Republican, and was active in the past and a 
prominent political factor. He was the father of the county as well as of the 
town, and served as road supervisor. Mr. Bothell is a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and has given a large amount of ground for church 
purposes, not only to the Methodist church, but to other denominations. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and is a man 
highly respected and much revered by those who know and appreciate him. 

HUBBARD F. ALEXANDER. 

With astonishing rapidity have the business interests of the northwest 
sprung up and been developed, and this section of the country is continually 
drawing to it men of enterprise and capability who have become the founders 
of extensive business concerns which contribute to commercial and industrial 
activity as well as to individual prosperity. Mr. Alexander, now the presi- 
dent and manager of the Commercial Dock Company, has resided here since 
1890. He was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 1S79, and is a son of 
E. S. and Emma (Foster) Alexander. The father was born in Connecticut 
of Scotch parentage, the grandfather of our subject having been of the " gen- 
tleman " class in Scotland, where he bore the title of Sir. During the most 
of his active business life E. S. Alexander was a member of the well known 
firm of Russell & Alexander, water-works contractors, with main offices at 
Buffalo, New York. They built water-works plants throughout the cities of 
the middle west, in Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas and Colorado. In 
1890 Mr. Alexander came with his family from the last named state to Ta- 
coma, where he was soon prominent as a capitalist and investor. Here he 
lived until his death, which occurred when he was fifty-three years of age. 
His widow, who still survives him, was born in Massachusetts, a descendant 
of Major Hubbard, a soldier of the Revolutionary war, but farther back than 
that, into an early colonial epoch, can the history of -the family be traced, and 
is was originally English. Going back only a few generations, the maternal 
ancestry is found to be also that of Addison D. Foster, of Tacoma. United 
states senator from Washington. Mrs. Alexander is a member of the Society 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution. 

Hubbard F. Alexander was born in Colorado Springs, where his father 
resided, but was a lad of only eleven years at the time of the removal to Ta- 
coma. The greater part of his education, therefore, was acquired in the public 
schools of this city. After his father's death, and when still quite young, he 
became ambitious to do something for himself, and began work on the docks 
of Tacoma as longshoreman. When he had passed a year in that way he en- 
tered the Tacoma office of Dodwell & Company, of China and Japan, general 
importing and exporting agents and ship-owners, with whom he remained 
for about four years, when he entered the service of the Commercial Dock 
Company. There he won promotion until he finally became manager, and in 
1900 he bought a half interest in the business, his partner being Carl L. Steb- 
bins. Mr. Alexander is serving as president and manager, and his partner, 
who is also an experienced man in the marine shipping business, is the secre- 
tary and treasurer. The Commercial Dock Company controls the most im- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 165 

portant and extensive business of its kind in Tacoma, and at the present time 
is expanding its business to greater proportions than ever before, and are now 
building a new dock and dock warehouse on the water front, the dock to be 
four hundred and eighty feet long, the building four hundred feet long. All 
of these improvements have been completed in the present year (1903). The 
Commercial Dock Company does a general shipping, commission, dockage, 
wharfage and storage business, and is general agent for a number of steam- 
ship companies. 

Both Mr. Alexander and Mr. Stebbins are members of the Chamber of 
Commerce, Mr. Stebbins being a trustee of that body. Both are men of 
marked enterprise and business ability and are valued members of the Union 
Club. Mr. .Alexander is yet a young man but twenty-four years of age, yet 
from his youth he has been a factor in business circles in Tacoma, coming more 
and more into prominence as the years pass by, and the splendid success which 
he has already achieved may well be envied by many an older man. His 
ability is widely recognized, his energy is a salient feature in his career, and 
his business methods are honorable and commendable. 

daniel McGregor. 

Daniel McGregor is one of the pioneer residents of Tacoma, having lo- 
cated here in 1881, and few men are more familiar with the history of the 
development and upbuilding of the city, both because of his deep interest in 
her welfare and also because of his real estate operations, for during the greater 
part of his residence here he has been engaged in real estate dealing. 

Mr. McGregor is a native of Picto, Nova Scotia, and a son of Alexander 
and Isabelle (McDonald) McGregor. The father was born in Scotland and 
when a young man left that country for the new world, settling in Nova 
Scotia, where he followed farming until his death." His wife, who was born 
in Nova Scotia, of Scotch parentage, has also passed away. 

Upon the home farm Daniel McGregor was reared and in his youth he 
learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed until his removal to the 
Canadian Northwest in 1877. He worked at different places in British Colum- 
bia until 1881 and then came to Tacoma, casting in his lot with its pioneer 
settlers, those who laid the foundation for the present prosperity and progress 
of the place. After a year or two he began operating in real estate, and has 
since remained in this business. Previous to the panic of 1893 he had invested 
quite heavily in local realty, and he laid out and put upon the market a new 
addition to Tacoma, known as McGregor's addition, and also put on the 
Montclair addition to Tacoma. In those days he took an active part in many 
local business affairs and enterprises, but now devotes his attention quietly 
to his real estate dealing and his home interests. He has an office in rooms 
408-409 Berlin building, where he conducts his general real estate and loan 
business, and during his residence here he has bandied much valuable property 
and negotiated important loans, both avenues of his business activity having 
been of benefit to the city as well as the source of his own prosperity. 

In 1890 Mr. McGregor went to Providence, Rhode Island, and was there 
married to Miss Clara Barry, a young lady of Scotch family. They now 



166 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

have four children, Mabel, Warren Barry, Helen and Julia Frances. Their 
home is at 1003 South I street, and they have many friends in the city, by 
whom they are held in high regard. 

SAMUEL ROWTCLIFF BALKWILL. 

A study of the sections of the United States in which the majority of 
the English-born settlers have disposed themselves would probably reveal that 
the west has received the greater part. And we may attribute this selection of 
the undeveloped districts for settlement as due to the inherent character of 
the Anglo-Saxon race to push out into the new and unexplored regions of 
the world and bring them under their own civilizing power. One of these 
progressive and wide-awake English-Americans in Tacoma is S. R. Balkwill, 
who has made a reputation for his enterprise in the real estate and loan busi- 
ness, and has been a prominent factor in building up the material interests of 
the city. 

Thomas Balkwill, his father, was a man of strong character and lived a 
very long and eventful life, passing it in many climes and with all the vicis- 
situdes incident to the traveler. He was a native of Devonshire, England, 
and first came to the United States in a sailing vessel in 1844, landing at 
New York. The gold fever of forty-nine seized him, and he was soon hurry- 
ing across the plains with the thousands of others, and for four or five years 
was delving for treasure in the soil of California. He then returned to Eng- 
land, but soon after went to South America and was an operator in the silver 
mines. One of his most valuable acts was that he was one of the first to in- 
troduce guano as a fertilizer, importing it from the South American islands. 
There is not space here to detail all his achievements as a traveler, adventurer 
and explorer, for his experiences would fill almost a book of themselves. He 
passed his last days in his' old home at Devonshire, and died in 1877 at the 
advanced age of ninety-three. His wife's maiden name was Sarah Rowtcliff, 
and she passed all her life in Devonshire, dying in 1873. 

Samuel Rowtcliff was born in Devonshire in 1854. His early life was 
spent in England, and he first came to America in 1870, but has since made 
the voyage across the Atlantic many times. He landed at Quebec, where he 
remained two weeks, then went on to Montreal, from there to London, On- 
tario, where he made his home for the next ten years, being most of the time 
connected with the London Furniture Company. He lived for a while in 
Boston, Massachusetts, but then returned to Ontario and lived for six years 
in Belleville. The month of October, 1888, is the date of his coming to Ta- 
coma, and his first business venture was with the Tacoma Cold Storage Com- 
pany, in which he bought an interest. On January 1, 1890, the firm of Mor- 
rison & Balkwill was established, and it has been in business ever since, with 
constantly increasing success. It is one of the leading firms of the kind in the 
city and deals in all kinds of real estate, investments, loans, etc. Mr. Balkwill 
has always labored for the upbuilding of the city along all lines, and also 
takes a very liberal view as to the possibilities of the entire Puget Sound 
country. He has made some investments in mining property. 

Mr. Balkwill was married in Belleville, Canada, on June 9, 1886, to 
Miss Anna Corbett; they have no children. He has gained a comfortable 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 167 

fortune, and he well deserves it, for he is the kind of business man that Am 
ericans like to honor with the name of " hustler." He is a prominent Repub- 
lican and has been a delegate to all the county conventions and several times 
to the state conventions. He is high in the order of Masonry and is treasurer 
of the Ann Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; he was treasurer of the 
blue lodge for a number of years. He is esteemed leading knight in the order 
of the Elks. He was one of the original members and founders of the Na- 
tional Union, a local fraternal society that is now in a flourishing condition, 
and he is also one the trustees of the Chamber of Commerce. 

PETER IRVING. 

If one should cast about for one cause above all others which has ad- 
vanced civilization within the past century, and has made possible the unifica- 
tion and knitting together of this vast union of states into an indissoluble fed- 
eration, he would find this to be the building of railroads, without which, iso- 
lation of the different sections of the country and consequent disintegration of 
the republic would have been inevitable. So, one who has assisted in the 
construction of this great civilizing agency certainly has much to be proud of, 
and Mr. Peter Irving, who is a prominent capitalist of Tacoma, has made 
his present fortune in laying many miles of the steel ribbons which bind the 
country together. 

His life began in the province of Ontario, Canada, on February 25th, 
1841. His father was John Irving, a native of Dumfrieshire, Scotland, but 
who died, in 1865, in Canada. His mother was Jeannette Weir, a native of 
the same place in Scotland, and she died within two weeks of her husband's 
death. There was another son, now deceased, and two daughters live in 
Canada. When Peter was twenty-three years old he left home and came to 
California, but after remaining in San Francisco for a short time he went to 
Nevada, where he spent one year, engaged in the lumber business in the 
neighborhood of Washoe. From there he went to Idaho, then to Montana, 
arriving at the Last Chance gulch, which has now become the thriving city of 
Helena, in June of 1866. This was then the center of the mining excitement 
which shifted in fervor from point to point over the west during the last half 
of the preceding century. Mr. Irving engaged in the feverish pursuit of 
the hidden gold there until the fall of 1867, when he started upon a most pic- 
turesque journey down the Missouri river to Omaha, following the long and 
devious course of the river in a steamboat. From Omaha he went to his 
old home in Canada, but the west was the center of attraction for him, and 
the next spring he again set out. The new Union Pacific road was then 
nearing its completion, and he engaged in the construction work, beginning 
his operations at a point twelve miles wesl of Cheyenne, and completing the 
road into Ogden, Utah. It was here that be laid the foundation for his present 
fortune, and also his most important life work, for this work paid him enor- 
mous returns. When the Union Pacific was finished Mr. Irving again re- 
turned home, but after a short visit came to the west with the intention of 
engaging in the construction work of the Northern Pacific, which was just 
then being projected. He arrived at Duluth in September, [869, and was 



168 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

on the ground when the road was started at Thompson Junction, Minnesota. 
He worked here until the spring of 1873, but at that time work on the eastern 
end of the road slackened up, and hearing that the western terminus of 
the road would probably be in the Puget Sound, he resolved to gain 
the advantage of being the first on the ground. Accordingly he arrived in 
what is now known as Old Tacoma on October 6, 1873, the townsite at that 
time not having been surveyed ; he made the trip by way of San Francisco. 
Since this time Mr. Irving has resided in Tacoma. By his shrewd busi- 
ness deals and his marked ability as a railroad contractor he has made his 
comfortable fortune, and is one of the largest property owners in the city. 
Besides being the proprietor and owner of the Irving, the finest and most 
modern family hotel in Tacoma, he owns forty-four residences in various parts 
of the city and is building more. He has been an important factor in develop- 
ing and building up the city for a longer time than any other man, and in 
fact deserves the title of " the oldest inhabitant," for there are at present no 
other men in business who were here when he came. He belongs to the 
Chamber of Commerce, and is ever ready to support measures which are for 
the city's advantage. He is a member of the Republican party. He is a jolly 
bachelor, and his past success and his recognized eminence in the business and 
financial world make him one of the most esteemed citizens of Tacoma. 

JUDGE HIRAM F. GARRETSON. 

The great philosopher, Carlisle, somewhere says, in effect, that the 
smallest wave of influence is never lost, but goes on and on until it beats 
upon the shores of eternity. The truth of this has been recognized even 
since biblical times in the power which heredity exerts over us all, and in 
the fact that we are, in part, what out forefathers before us have been. So 
that it is always a source of justifiable pride when one may point to ancestors 
who have run well in the race of life. Judge Garretson is not only to be 
congratulated upon the record of the family in the past, but also for the 
part he has played in the world's activities. 

His paternal ancestry is of English origin, while the maternal is partly 
Welsh, and members of the family were in the Revolution and in the war 
of 1812. The grandfather's name was John, and he was an adherent of the 
Quaker faith. His son, who afterwards became known as the Hon. Wil- 
liam Garretson, was born near Smithfield, Jefferson county, Ohio, in 1801. 
When sixteen years old he left Ohio and went to the state where his family 
had originated, Pennsylvania, making his home in Tioga. He early showed 
forth his native ability, and through his own efforts became a foremost schol- 
ar. He had an insatiable desire for knowledge, was a voracious reader, an 
able speaker, and became one of the prominent men of the state. He was 
one of the few men who seem to have an intuitive insight into the future and 
are able to forecast the great events and the marvelous developments which 
have transformed the United States within the last century. He studied 
medicine and law and especially in the latter profession gained excellent pres- 
tige. He was a member of the Pennsylvania legislature from 1830 to 1836. 



THE NEW yVirY 
IPUBLIC LIBRARY] 



ASTOK C.ENQX AND 
|TlLDENFOUNBATtONsJ 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 169 

His death occurred in Washington, D. C, in 1876. His wife was Emily 
Caulkins, who was born in Tioga in 181 5 and is still living, making her 
home with Judge Garretson in Tacoma. Her grandfather, Dr. William Wil- 
lard, was the founder of the town of Willardsburg, which was later changed 
to Tioga; this city was the center of the early history of both sides of the 
family. 

It was in Tioga that Hiram F. Garretson first saw the light of day, 
his birthday being on May 12, 1843. Early in his youth he went to Elmira, 
New York, and obtained employment in a store, but when the war broke 
out he returned to Tioga and enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and 
Thirty-sixth Pennsylvania, entering the service on August 2, 1862, and being 
assigned to the Army of the Potomac. His service was in the states of Mary- 
land, Virginia, Georgia, Tennessee and Alabama, and during the two and 
a half years which he served he was made sergeant ; he was mustered out at 
Harrisburg. When peace was restored he came home to complete the edu- 
cation which had been interrupted. He attended the Rochester (New York) 
Commercial College and then entered the Columbian College Law School 
at Washington, where he graduated in 1868. He then took a position in the 
treasury department, but resigned in 1869. .Going.-to. Iowa he located in 
Victor, and in the seventeen years he lived there he gained a very fine prac- 
tice, not only in the city but throughout the state. 1 - He was also the mayor 
of Victor. Judge Garretson has been a resident of Tacoma since April 22, 
1887, and during this time has been very successful in the law, and has also 
played a prominent part in many affairs of the city and state. He was quar- 
termaster general of the state militia with the rank of colonel ; Governor 
Ferry appointed him a member of the Harbor Line Commission, and in that 
capacity he helped to locate the Puget Sound harbors. 

In 1867 Mr. Garretson was married to Miss Ella M. Hay ward, the 
ceremony being performed in New York city; she was born at Springfield, 
Massachusetts. They have four children, Carrie H., Ellis Lewis, Stella B. 
and Susie E. 

LEWELL1N M. GLIDDEN. 

Lewellin M. Glidden is a prominent member of the real estate firm of 
Crosby & Glidden of Tacoma. He was born in Chautauqua, New York, in 
1850, and is a son of Dr. Horace and Cornelia A. (Moore) Glidden. His 
paternal ancestry is Welsh, and the family was founded in the United States 
by the great-grandfather of our subject, who left his home in Wales in order 
to cast in his lot with the citizens of the new world. From early manhood 
Dr. Glidden resided in Chautauqua county, New York, and was a prominent 
physician there, long practicing his profession with signal success. There his 
death occurred in November, 1901. His wife is still living, in Tacoma, 
Washington. 

During his boyhood days Lewellin M. Glidden attended the Union school 
at Jamestown, where he prepared for college. In [868 he matriculated in 
Amherst College at Amherst, Massachusetts, where he was graduated in 1872. 
He then took up the study of law in Jamestown, passing his final examina- 



170 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

tions in Rochester, after which he was admitted to the bar in that place in 
1876. He practiced law for several years in Jamestown until his health be- 
came impaired because of the confinement necessitated by the arduous duties 
of his profession. He then turned his attention to merchandising for a time, 
and subsequently engaged in teaching, conducting a classical preparatory 
school at Jamestown for three years, at the expiration of that period becoming 
principal of the Westfield Academy of Westfield, New York, where he re- 
mained for two years, and in 1883 he arrived in Tacoma. Once more he 
opened an office and began the practice of law at that place, at first alone, 
but later he entered into partnership with Judge Town, with whom he was 
associated for several years, building up a large and successful practice. He 
occupied a prominent position in the foremost ranks of the representatives 
of the legal profession here. His legal learning, his analytical mind and 
the readiness with which he grasped a point in an argument, all combined 
to make him one of the most capable lawyers in Tacoma. At length, how- 
ever,, failing health forced him to again abandon his profession and he em- 
barked in the real estate business, in which he is still engaged, being a member 
of the firm of Crosby & Glidden, with offices at 502 and 503 Berlin building. 
They do a general real estate and insurance business, and Mr. Glidden has 
been to a greater or less extent interested in real estate operations since his 
arrival here. He is also financially interested in mining enterprises, and his 
judicious investments have brought to him good financial return. In the 
fall of 1902 his friends prevailed upon him to become a candidate for school 
director, and he made a good canvass but was defeated by a very small ma- 
jority, although he ran ahead of his ticket. 

Mr. Glidden was married in Jamestown, New York, in 1876, the lady 
of his choice being Miss Helen R. Robertson. They have no children of 
their own, but have adopted a little daughter, Liela Glidden. Mr. Glidden 
was widely and favorably known throughout much of Washington, his quali- 
fications well fitting him for political, business and social life. He has labored 
for the improvement of every line of business or public interest with which 
he has been associated, and at all times has been actuated by fidelity to his 
country and her welfare. In private life he has gained for himself the high 
personal regard which arises from a true acknowledgment of character, kind- 
ness and generosity. 

HERBERT S. GRIGGS. 

The law has ever attracted to its ranks a certain class of men gifted with 
keen perceptions and logical minds, men who, by nature or training or both, 
are peculiarly fitted to deal with the problems which arise among their fel- 
lows. In reviewing the prominent members of the Pierce county bar the 
name of Herbert S. Griggs takes precedence of many of his professional 
brethren, and we are pleased to present to his numerous friends and ac- i 
quaintances this sketch of his useful life. 

Mr. Griggs was born in the city of St. Paul. Minnesota, on the 28th 
of February, 1861, and is of English and Scotch ancestry. He is a son of 
Chauncy W. Griggs, one of Tacoma's most prominent business men, and his 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 171 

life history appears elsewhere in this work. In the public schools of the city 
of his nativity Herbert S. received his early mental training, and later matricu- 
lated in Yale College, graduating in the classical department of that renowned 
institution in 1882, while two years later he completed its law course. Being 
soon afterwards admitted to the bar, he was engaged in the practice of his 
chosen profession in St. Paul for a few years, and during that time served as 
assistant city attorney. In the year 1888 he came to Tacoma, Washington, 
where he has ever since been numbered among the most successful law prac- 
titioners, having met with marked success in his chosen calling. He has 
been admitted to practice in all the courts with the exception of the supreme 
court of the United States. In political matters Air. Griggs formerly gave his 
support to the Democratic party, but in later years has been independent, and 
although he is intensely public-spirited he has never desired the honors or 
emoluments of public office, preferring to give his entire time to his rapidly 
growing patronage. He has the honor of being president of the local branch 
of the Sons of the Revolution, being fully entitled to membership in that 
organization, as his great-granduncle, Colonel Griggs, was an officer in the 
war for independence, and several others of his ancestors participated in that 
memorable struggle. This organization in Tacoma now has a membership 
of thirty, and is confined to the very best business and professional men in 
the city. Air. Griggs is a prominent member of the Congregational church, 
in which he is now serving as a member of the board of trustees, and he is 
a stockholder in all of his father's extensive business enterprises. 

HON. WILLIAM O. CHAPMAN. 

This distinguished jurist, who is at present occupying the position of 
superior court judge at Tacoma, is of New England stock thoroughly west- 
ernized by long residence in Ohio. The Chapmans came from Hull, England, 
and settled in Connecticut in 1635, and the judge's great-grandfather, Nathan 
Chapman, was one of the sturdy farmers of the state of Steady Habits in a 
generation long gone by. Beman Chapman, son of Nathan, was also a 
farmer, but in 1805 left his native state and took up his abode in the famous 
Western Reserve of Ohio. He was among the first of the pioneers of thai 
section, and spent the remainder of his days in clearing and cultivating the 
tract of land which he purchased after his arrival. This pioneer farmer left 
a son, Ira O. Chapman, who became a man of note in the state and especially 
instrumental in building up its educational institutions, lie was one of the 
founders of Mount Union College at Alliance, was its vice president and 
one of the teachers until the time of his death, which occurred in 1880, when 
he was in the fifty-fifth year of his age. In early life he had married Jane 
Weston, a native of Augusta, Ohio, and their surviving child was the Tacoma 
judge whose career constitutes the subject matter of this biography. 

William O. Chapman was born at Alliance. Ohio, March 19. 1859, at- 
tended Mount Union College and was graduated in the classical department 
in 1876. For four years subsequently he studied law with Judge Caldwell, 
at Cleveland, and was admitted to practice before the supreme court of Ohio 
in 1880. During the following year he removed to I 'oil Townsend, Wash- 



172 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ington, and was engaged there for some time in the practice of his profession, 
meantime holding the office of deputy collector of customs. In the fall of 
1885 he located at Tacoma, where he resumed his professional work and 
was attorney for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company for eleven years. 
In 1896 he received the nomination as candidate for the. office of superior 
court judge on the Republican ticket. This was the year of the famous con- 
test between Bryan and McKinley, and, though the east and middle west were 
solidly Republican, the state of Washington was at that time largely under 
the influence of the Populist party. The Republicans were unable to stem 
the tide then sweeping over the state, and went down in temporary defeat. 
Judge Chapman, however, not at all discouraged and well knowing there 
would be " another day in court," resumed practice and bided his time until 
there should be another trial of strength between the parties. In 1900 he 
was renominated by the Republicans, made an effective canvass and was tri- 
umphantly elected to the superior court bench of Pierce county. During his 
incumbency he has given satisfaction both to the bar and the public at large, 
his rulings being considered as sound and his general deportment of the kind 
that indicates the judicial temperament. 

In 1881 Judge Chapman was united in marriage with Miss Jessie B. 
Mitchell, a native of Pennsylvania and daughter of Hon. John H. Mitchell, 
United States senator from Oregon. They have two children, Alice I. and 
Mildred, both born in Tacoma. Judge and Mrs. Chapman are members of 
the Presbyterian church, and the former is connected with the order of Elks. 
He has been a life-long Republican, and deserves much credit for having stood 
firmly for sound principles when the wild wave of financial fanaticism was 
sweeping so many others from their moorings. 

WILLIAM RUSH BRADLEY. 

William R. Bradley, president of the Tacoma Commission Company, of 
this city, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, in 185 1, and is a son ot Judge 
Charles D. and Mary (Rush) Bradley. His paternal ancestry is connected 
with that of General L. P. Bradley, of Tacoma, whose sketch appears else- 
where in this work, although in this generation there is no immediate con- 
nection. The Bradley family is an historic one in the annals of the early New 
England states, and is descended from John Bradley, who was the first of the 
brothers to come to America from England, the date of his arrival being 
1687, and one branch located in Connecticut and another in the state of New 
York, our subject being descended from the latter. 

Charles D. Bradley, the father of William Rush, was born at Albany, 
New York, and is the youngest brother of Judge Joseph P. Bradley, who was 
one of the chief justices of the United States supreme court, but is now de- 
ceased. Charles D. was reared to young manhood in the city of his nativity, 
there receiving a college education and a thorough training in the law. In 
the early days he came to the west, locating at Chicago, Illinois, where he 
made his home for a few years, and then removed to St. Louis, Missouri. 
Practicing law in the latter city until 1870, he was then appointed by President 
Grant United States district attorney for the territory of Colorado, with head- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 173 

quarters in Denver. He continued to fulfill the duties connected with that 
position for several years, during which time he took a prominent part in the 
movement leading to the admission of Colorado as a state, and it is a matter 
of history and should be here recorded in justice to him that he drafted the 
constitution for the new state. Later in life he removed to Florence, Colorado, 
where he still makes his home, practically retired from the active duties of 
a business life, although the appreciative citizens there have conferred upon 
him the offices of city and county attorney and the district judgeship. He is 
a man of very brilliant legal and intellectual attainments and a highly respected 
citizen of Colorado. His political support has ever been given to the Repub- 
lican party. His wife also still survives, and her birth occurred in Pittsburg. 
She, too, is descended from distinguished ancestry, and her mother bore the 
maiden name of Nancy Lee. On the paternal side she is descended from a 
brother of Benjamin Rush, one of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

William Rush Bradley remained in St. Louis, Missouri, until 1876, dur- 
ing which time he pursued his education, and after his removal to Denver 
he was employed in his father's office for about two years. For a number of 
years thereafter he held various positions. For about four years he was 
postmaster at Villa Grove, Colorado, then the terminal point of the Denver 
& Rio Grande Railroad, which was being builded westward at that time. 
Through his brother-in-law, who was one of the promoters and vice president 
and general counsel of the Colorado Midland Railroad, he secured different 
positions with that company, and when the road was completed was appointed 
agent at Manitou Springs. From that place he came to Tacoma in 1889 and 
secured a position with the Merchant's National Bank, thus continuing until 
1893, when he assumed his present business relations with the Tacoma Com- 
mission Company, being one of the owners of the concern. They conduct an 
extensive wholesale business in fruits and produce at 151 1 Pacific avenue. 
He, too, gives a loyal support to Republican principles, and it may be said 
that he has taken part in the making of two states, having voted for the ter- 
ritory of Colorado to enter the Union in 1876 and for Washington in 1889. 
For several years he served as one of the park commissioners of Tacoma, is 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce and of the Union Club, and is one of 
the leading and representative citizens of Tacoma. 

On the 15th of June, 1882, Mr. Bradley was united in marriage to Miss 
Frances Secord, the wedding being celebrated at Silver Cliff, Colorado. Mrs. 
Bradley is a direct descendant of Mrs. Laura Secord. a woman noted as a 
Loyalist, and who saved a British army in the war of 1812. She was born in 
Massachusetts in 1775. and was a daughter of Captain Thomas and Sarah 
l Whiting) Ingersoll. Her father was a very wealthy man. and her maternal 
grandfather was General John Whiting, of Great Barrington, Massachusetts, 
the family on both sides being members of the aristocracy. In the stormy 
days preceding the Revolution the [ngersolls were loyal to England and 
joined the United Empire loyalists in Canada, which thereafter remained their 
home, they having settled in the county of York, near Niagara Falls. There 
Laura Ingersoll grew to young womanhood and married James Secord, an- 
other ardent lovalist. His ancestrv is traced back to the time of Louis X of 



174 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

France. They were Protestants, and, escaping the massacre of St. Bartholo- 
mew by flight to England, lived there until finally five Secord brothers came 
to America, where they founded the town of New Rochelle, New York. 
There the descendants lived until the breaking out of the Revolution, when 
they emigrated to Canada, settling in the Niagara district, and there Laura 
Ingersoll gave her hand in marriage to James Secord. During the war of 
1812 the Secords were active defenders of England, James becoming a promi- 
nent British soldier, and in the year 18 13 came home on a furlough, having 
been seriously wounded at the battle of Queenstown Heights. While confined 
to his bed and unable to move, his wife accidentally overheard a conversa- 
tion of some American soldiers who had entered the house and demanded 
food, that the Americans were on their way to capture a British storehouse 
of supplies at Beaver Dam, in charge of Lieutenant Fitzgibbon and thirty 
men. Not being able to go himself to Fitzgibbon and give the warning, Mr. 
Secord's wife volunteered the hazardous undertaking, going alone and on foot 
a distance of thirty miles, the road leading through almost impenetrable 
forests, filled with black swamps, quagmires, swift running creeks, etc. She 
also had to circumvent several American sentries, and twice she encountered 
savage Indians, but escaping all these great dangers she finally reached Beaver 
Dam just in time to save Lieutenant Fitzgibbon and his thirty men. This 
unusual act of bravery and devotion is a noted one in the annals of Canada, 
and her fame is not only preserved in the historical records at Ottawa but 
has been a subject in many noted Canadian stories and poems, the most 
celebrated being a dramatic poem entitled "Laura Secord, the Heroine of 
1812," by Sarah Anne Curzon, a very meritorious work. James Secord be- 
came a British customs officer at Chippewa, Canada, where he died in 1841, 
and there his wife passed away in death in 1868. 

JEREMIAH GIBSON STARTUP. 

The vast forests of fir. pine and cedar of' the Pacific coast have attracted 
men of means to that locality, and were one of the prime causes in bringing 
about the rapid settlement of the country; and since the introduction of rail- 
roads in that vicinity the lumber industry has ramified in every direction, and 
even the least accessible places are being reached by capital in the hands of 
enterprising men. One of the large concerns engaged in the production of 
lumber in the state of Washington is the H. J. Miller Lumber Company. 
This firm has a" mill at Gate in Thurston county and another at Index at the 
foot of Index mountain in Snohomish county, and own several tracts of very 
choice timber. The company emplovs a large force of hands and manu- 
factures daily about eighty thousand feet of lumber, the greater part of which 
is sent to the markets of the east. One of the members of this company who 
has traveled extensively in making sales of this product is J. G Startup, who 
resides in Chehalis. 

The father of this gentleman was George Startup, who was a native of 
England, born there in 1821, and was married to an English lady, Frances 
Gibson. They were both members of the Episcopal church. They emigrated 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 175 

to America in 1870 and lived most of the time in Washington, where the 
father died in 1892 at the age of eighty-one, but his wife still survives in her 
seventy-first year and resides in Seattle. Three children were born in England 
and are now in Washington, George being at the town of Startup in the 
lumber business, and Joseph in the employ of the government in the light- 
house service; and the subject of this sketch. Three other children, Charles, 
Lucy and Viola, were born in the United States and are living in Seattle, 
Washington. 

Jeremiah Gibson Startup was born in Greenwich, England, December 
15, 1866, and as he was still a child when he came across the Atlantic he re- 
ceived the greater part of his educational training in this country. He had the 
privilege of attending the University of Washington, and as soon as he had 
completed his course there he began the learning of the principles of the lum- 
ber trade, and has ever since taken every opportunity to increase his acquaint- 
ance with that industry. 

He was married in 1899 to ^ Iiss Adah Bailey, a native of St. Paul, Minne- 
sota. They attend the Episcopal church and are highly esteemed in the 
community. Mr. Startup is an independent in political matters, and on account 
of his connection with traveling salesmen belongs to the organization of com- 
mercial travelers, and to that distinctive lumber order, the Hoo Hoos. 

C. STEWART KALE. 

C. Stewart Kale, farmer, horticulturist and dairyman of Everson, Wash- 
ington, was born near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1848, in the oil regions. 
He is a son of Andrew and Rebecca (Smith) Kale, and the father was born 
in Ohio, and after living in western Pennsylvania for a time went with his 
family to Iowa in 1856, settling on a farm in Muscatine county. He was one 
of the pioneers there and became a successful, well known man, and very 
highly respected at the time of his death, in 1S84, in that locality. The mother 
also died in Iowa, hut was horn in Pennsylvania. 

C. Stewart Kale was reared upon the farm and received the greater 
portion of his education in the schools of Muscatine county, having only at- 
tended school a year or so prior to the family exodus to [owa. At the age 
of twenty-three years he was married to Charlotte E. McNeil, and the young 
couple began their homemaking in west central Iowa, in Audubon county, 
where they settled upon a farm. There they lived four years, and then in 
1882 came to Washington, locating in Whatcom county, where they took up 
a pre-emption claim of one hundred and sixty-two acres, on which he has 
made his home ever since. His farm adjoins the town of Everson, which lies 
just across the Nooksack river, and was built up long after Mr. Kale estab- 
lished his home. In fact, at the time of his location here the county was all 
virgin forest. Mr. Kale has made a great success of horticulture, making a 
specialty of prunes, apples and cherries. His ranch produces large crops of 
hay and other grains. Another large interest of the place lies in the line dairy 
and his excellent stock. The entire property has been cultivated scientifically 
on the "intensive" principle, and is just like a garden. The machinery and 



176 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

other implements are all of the most modern make, and so perfectly is every 
detail managed that it is a pleasure to watch even the most ordinary task 
performed. 

Mr. Kale is deputy county assessor for townships 40 and 41, north 
range, 4 east. In 1884 he was elected on the Republican ticket to the office 
of county commissioner and served two years, and he has always taken a 
lively interest in local affairs. Both Mr. and Mrs. Kale are members of the 
Everson Presbyterian church, in which Mrs. Kale is a greatly beloved lady 
and hard worker. Eleven children have been born to them. 

For a few years Mr. Kale was interested in a local shingle mill, but is 
now devoting himself exclusively to his farm, dairy and horticultural experi- 
ments. When he first located here, farming was only an experiment, and 
his claim, as before stated, was covered with timber. The only direction he 
could look and see anything was upwards towards the sky. It took a long 
time to hew a home from such surroundings, but that he has done so and 
very successfully, a visit to his beautiful ranch will prove. In addition to his 
financial success Mr. Kale has become a very prominent citizen, and is greatly 
revered in Everson as an old-time pioneer and a man of highest integrity of 
character. 

LOUIS D. CAMPBELL. 

If there is any virtue attached to the condition of one's birth in this 
great land of America, it lies not in being born wealthy, or in high station, 
or with any of the specially favoring circumstances which are the delectable 
day-dreams of the imaginative, but so often has the case been proved that it 
seems to be a tried and true rule, that the youth who would gain honor and 
renown must begin in what is known as a humble station, and with all the 
adverse winds of fortune against him struggle manfully to the top. It is ad- 
mitted that there are exceptions to this rule, but there is not a school boy 
anywhere who could not adduce sufficient example to prove the statement. 
So that we are only adding more evidence to the chain when we bring before 
the reader the life of the present mayor of the city of Tacoma, which is a 
record of advancement from the puddling department in an iron mill to a 
place among the leaders of men. 

J. M. Campbell, his father,, was born in Pennsylvania and died there 
in 1888. He was an employe of the Cambria Iron Works and gained a good 
record as soldier in the Civil war. He enlisted in the Third Pennsylvania 
Infantry for three months' service, being commissioned second lieutenant. 
When his three months were up, he returned to Johnstown and raised the 
Fifty-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers, which was the first regiment to enter 
Camp Curtin. He was breveted brigadier general, and followed the flag of 
the Union until the close of hostilities. Most of his service was in the states 
of Maryland and Virginia, where he commanded the brigade guarding the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. His wife's maiden name was also that well 
known Scotch title, Campbell, and they were both of that nationality: her 
first name was Mary R. Her mother was born in the old country, but she 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR. LENOX AND 
1-riLDEN FOUNDATIONS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 177 

was born in Pennsylvania and is still living, at the age of seventy-six, in the 
town of Johnstown. 

The son, Louis D., was born in Bradys Bend, Armstrong county, Penn- 
sylvania, on July 31, 1852. When he was a year old his parents moved to 
Johnstown. He had some advantages in an educational way up to his elev- 
enth year, but at that time the period of development for him was interrupted, 
for he went to work in the Cambria Iron Works' rolling mill as a "hook-up" 
in the puddling department. This ambitious youth worked here for some 
time, and later in the same works learned the trade of the machinist. But 
the need of an education became more and more apparent to him and he 
left his work to enter the Pennsylvania State College at Belief onte, Centre 
county, which he attended for two years. He then attended the law depart- 
ment of the State University at Philadelphia, and graduated and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Philadelphia in 1880, a good record for one who had 
not had the advantages of consecutive training from youth up. Soon after 
being admitted to practice the aspiring attorney came west and settled in 
Tacoma in January of 1883, where he has made his home since and has car- 
ried on a successful law business. In 1884 and 1885 he was city attorney, 
and in 1900 was elected mayor of Tacoma for-a^erm of two years, and in 
the spring of 1902 was chosen for another like period. In 1890 he was a 
member of the charter commission that framed the new charter for the city. 
Air. Campbell has among other things talent as a public speaker, a qualifica- 
tion which is of especial advantage to one in the profession of law. 

Air. Campbell was married at San Francisco on January 10. 18S8, at 
whicli time Miss Emma Cicott, a native of Detroit, Michigan, became his 
wife. They have no children of their own. but have adopted a child, Laura 
Campbell, which they cherish as their own. 

HON. MARK A. FULLERTON. 

One of the capable and prominent young jurists of the great state of 
Washington, and one who had risen already to the position of judge of the 
supreme court of his adopted state, is the Hon. Mark Fullerton. He comes 
of good old Scotch ancestry, though his forefathers came to America at a 
time prior to the Revolution. 

He records his birth as taking place on his father's farm near Salem, 
Oregon, on the 13th day of November, 1858. He was educated in Willam- 
ette University in Salem, was admitted to the bar in 1883, came to Wash- 
ington in 1885, and located at Colfax. Whitman county, where he carried 
on the practice of his chosen profession. For some time he served as prose- 
cuting attorney of the county, and in the fall of 1898 was elected to the 
supreme bench of the state. Ever since devoting himself to the practice of 
law Judge Fullerton has given his whole time and energy to it. thus account- 
ing in large measure for his eminent success. 

In 1887 Mr. Fullerton was married to Ella lone Rounds, a native of 
Michigan and a daughter of V. P. Rounds, who with his son is now a mer- 
chant in Kansas. They have a family of three sons. 
12* 



1Tb HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

The Judge lias membership in the Masonic fraternity and in the Amer- 
ican Order of United Workmen. He has ever shown himself a worthy 
representative of the sons of the brave pioneers who first made this state one 
of the richest and most fertile in the west. 

HON. WALLACE MOUNT. 

On the 16th day of January, 1859, just across the Willamette river from 
Oregon City in Clackamas county, there was born into the world a man who 
was destined to take an active part in the public life of the west and to 
achieve distinction as a public-spirited citizen, as a legislator, as a lawyer, 
and as a jurist. For many generations the Scotch ancestors of the Mount 
family have resided in this country, and the father of our subject, Henry D. 
Mount, was born on the 24th of August, 1833. When he was only eighteen 
years of age he dared the dangers of the wild west, and crossing the plains 
settled in Oregon City. He had learned the tailor's trade, but here he became 
a farmer. His wife was Rebecca Stevens, a native of Keokuk, Iowa, and a 
daughter of an early pioneer of Oregon. Their children were : Wallace, 
R. J., Dallas, deceased, Clara, Eva, W. C, O. B., Wenona, Minnie, Hugh S., 
Clyde, Guy, Robert, Albert, all but one of whom are still living. The parents 
live on their farm near Silverton, Oregon. 

Wallace Mount, whose brief history we shall here endeavor to relate, 
was the oldest child of the above and received his education in the State 
University at Eugene, Oregon, where he graduated in 1883. After com- 
pleting his education he read law in the office of Williams, Dunham & Thomp- 
son, and later engaged in the practice of his chosen profession. Mr. Mount 
removed to Sprague, Washington, in 1886, where he continued his practice 
until 1888. in which year he was elected prosecuting attorney of Douglas. 
Adams and Lincoln counties ; and when Washington was admitted to state- 
hood, he was elected judge of the superior court of the same counties, and 
including Okanogan. He was re-elected in 1892, but in the landslide of 
Populism which swept over the state in 1869 he was defeated. On being 
elected a member of the state legislature in 1898, the Judge took an active 
part in all the legislation and was a member of the judiciary committee and 
chairman of the committee on counties and boundaries. In 1900 Mr. Mount 
was elected to the supreme court of the state and took his seat in January of 
the following year. He is now filling the office to the highest satisfaction 
of all. 

Judge Mount was happily married in 1887 to Carrie Walker, who was 
born in California. They bad two sons, Frank Reed Mount and William. 
In December, 1896, the family were called to mourn the death of the devoted 
wife and mother, whose loss was felt not only by the members of her house- 
hold but also by the community, in which for ten years she had lived so 
respected and beloved. In 1899 Mr. Mount married Mrs. Ida Maloney, 
whose maiden name was Ida Hasler. She had two daughters, Hazel and 
Mira. 

Judge Mount's home is in Olympia, and he also has property in Spokane. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 179 

The religious preferences of the family are with the Presbyterian church, 
which they attend and support. Mr. Mount has been for many years an active 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in all its branches, and is 
now past state grand master; he is also connected with the Knights of Pythias, 
and the Bar Association of the state. Throughout his long and honorable 
career no reproach has ever been cast upon the character of this worthy son 
of Washington. 

EDWARD STEELE. 

Edward Steele, one of the prominent residents of Marysville, Wash- 
ington, was born May 27, 1838, at Ontario, Canada, near Toronto, and he 
is a son of Thomas Steele, a native of Canada, who was a carpenter by trade 
and died at the age of fifty-six years. The mother bore the maiden name 
of Rebecca Trimmer, and was a native of Pennsylvania; she came to Canada 
with her parents when a child, and lived to be eighty years of age. The 
children born to the parents of our subject were as follows: Benjamin, 
Edward, George, David, Daniel, Joseph. Elizabeth, Sarah, Amy Anne. 

Edward Steele was educated in the public schools of county York, 
Ontario, but his advantages were limited, as he left school at the age of nine 
3 cars, when his father moved to Port Doer, Canada, and he was put to work 
clearing off the wild land of the family farm during the summertime, and in 
winter he worked in the lumber woods. Later he learned the carpenter 
trade, and when twenty-one years of age he went to California and worked 
in Placer county, making timber for the mines, but after two years he went 
to Washoe, Nevada, and spent five years at that place working in the timber 
woods. In 1867 he returned to Canada on a visit, then went to Daviess 
county, Missouri, there took up some land and engaged in farming for eighteen 
months. He then went to southeastern Kansas and pre-empted one hundred 
and sixty acres in Wilson county, and was engaged in farming and horse- 
raising until 1885, when he settled at Marysville and homesteaded eighty 
acres, and purchased some city property which proved a good investment. 
After locating in the city he built the wharf at Marysville. and engaged in a 
flour and feed business, continuing in the latter line until July 1, 1902, when 
he retired from active business life. 

In April, 1869, he married, at Ottawa, Kansas, Lizzie Warren, a native 
of Illinois, and a daughter of William and Margaret Warren. The follow- 
ing children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Steele: Margaret, widow of 
William Morgan, of Marysville; Ora Alberta married P.. 15. Nagley, of Mill- 
town; Mabee, keeping house for her father at Marysville. Politically Mr. 
Steele is a Republican, and is a man highly esteemed by all who have the 
honor of his acquaintance. 

CHARLES WRIGHT. 

Charles Wright, president of the well known and popular Hotel Byron 
at Whatcom, and one of the leading men of the city, was horn Ma; ,6, [866, 
at Toronto, Canada, and is a son of Henry and Elizabeth (Shaw) Wright, 



180 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

the former of whom was a native of England, and a contractor, and he 
died in 1868. His wife was also a native of England, and she is now living 
at Portage La Prairie, Manitoba. Our subject is descended from good old 
English stock on both sides of the family. Four children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry Wright, namely : Charles ; Alfred, who is engaged in mining 
in California; Henry, a photographer of Rat Portage; and Frank, who is 
manager of the Carlisle Packing Company at Whatcom. 

After attending common school until 1884, Mr. Wright entered the 
employ of the Canadian Pacific Railroad at Winnipeg, but after ten years 
of service with that company he removed to Point Roberts, Washington, and 
engaged in trap-fishing with bis brother Frank, incorporating the firm of 
Wright Brothers Fishing Company, in 1893. This continued until 1898, 
when the partners sold their plant to the Pacific American Fish Company, 
and in 1901 the two purchased a controlling interest in the Carlisle Packing 
Company at Lummi Island, in which our subject has since been interested 
and holds the office of president, while his brother is secretary and manager. 
The plant is a large one and has a capacity of sixty thousand cases, and the 
volume of business is constantly increasing, while the market is enlarging 
owing to the superiority of the product. 

In June, 1902, Charles Wright and M. C. Dickinson purchased the in- 
terest of Roehl Brothers, who were conducting the Hotel Byron, and since then 
they have made it one of the finest and most modern of all the hotels in the 
city or the surrounding country, it only being surpassed by those of Seattle, 
Tacoma and Spokane. 

On February 18, 1896, Mr. Wright was married to Miss Jean Brown, a 
daughter of George Brown, of Peterboro, Ontario, a brick contractor, and 
very prominent man of English descent. One daughter has been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Wright, Elsie, aged one year and two months. 

As a Republican Mr. Wright has taken an active part in local affairs, 
and has been a delegate to county and state conventions. Religiously he is 
a member of the Episcopal church and contributes liberally towards its sup- 
port. Mr. Wright is a charter member of the order of Elks of Bellingham 
Bay, of the Commercial Club and the Cougar Club, and is one of the most 
popular men in this part of the state, as well as a very successful and in- 
fluential one. 

HARRISON COWDEN. 

A well improved and attractive farm of one hundred and sixty acres 
situated about a mile north of Ferndale and a half mile from the Noohsack 
river was till recently the property of Harrison Cowden, and he is classed 
with the enterprising agriculturists of his community. He was born at Grass 
Lake. Jackson county, Michigan, on the 29th of June, 1840, a son of Eben 
Cowden, whose birth occurred in the state of New York, June 26, 1785. 
Both he and his father were soldiers of the war of 1812, and Eben Cowden 
also served in the Mexican war. He was a brigadier general of the state of 
Michigan at the time of his demise, which occurred in 1862, when he was 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 181 

sixty-seven years of age. Brave and fearless as a soldier, he rendered his 
country valuable aid and made for himself a most creditable military record. 
In early manhood he married Miss Maria Blanchard, a native of Seneca 
county, New York, and a representative of an old Quaker family. She died 
in 1878, at the age of seventy-two years. Their children were as follows: 
Harrison ; Charles, who was a member of the Fourth Michigan Cavalry and 
assisted in the capture of Jefferson Davis: Abel F. ; Aj ; and Mary, the wife 
of Henry Skellinger, of Symrma, Michigan. The father had three sons and 
a daughter by his first marriage : Cyrus ; Reuben ; Henry, and Emeline, the 
wife of Nelson Ferris, of Jackson, Michigan. 

In the public schools of his native city Harrison Cowden pursued his 
education until nineteen years of age, thus gaining a good knowledge of the 
branches of English learning usually taught in such institutions. He then 
secured employment in a sawmill, where he worked for fourteen years, and 
then with the money he had gained through his own exertions he purchased 
a farm in 1873, conducting it until 1876. In the latter year he removed with 
his family to Virginia City, Nevada, where he was employed in the mines 
most of the time through the succeeding five years. In the summer of 1881 
he came to Ferndale, where he homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres of 
land, and engaged in its cultivation until June, 1903, when he sold and moved 
into Whatcom, where he owns a pleasant home. 

In 1863 Mr. Cowden was united in marriage to Miss Mary D. Barr, a 
native of Greenville, Montcalm county, Michigan, and the second daughter 
of Samuel D. and Henrietta (Pratt) Barr, both of whom were natives of 
New York and belonged to old American families. Mr. Barr was a pioneer 
of Montcalm township, Montcalm county, Michigan, coming there from 
Grand Rapids in 1838, and owned and operated a sawmill on Flat river, about 
five miles above the present city of Greenville, which was then a wilderness. 
His wife was the only white woman in the county for some months, and 
Sarah E., the elder sister of Mrs. Cowden, was the first white child born in 
the county. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Cowden has been blessed with 
five boys and four girls: Frank; Clarence, who died in 1894; Arthur, who 
is living in Everett ; William, of Ferndale: Charles, who died in August, 1902 ; 
Effie, the wife of C. W. Heiser; Ettie, who died in 1899; Edna, the wife of 
Eugene Pence, a druggist of Whatcom ; and Jessie, who completes the family 
and is at home with her parents. 

For eighteen years Mr. Cowden has been a member of the Knights of 
Pythias fraternity, and he is a member and president of the Pioneer Asso- 
ciation of Whatcom county. Political questions and issues are of deep in- 
terest to him, and he keeps well informed concerning everything affecting the 
welfare of the nation. He is active in the local and state work of the Re- 
publican party, and in 1886 was elected county constable, and by re-election 
has been continued in the office up to the present time (1903), a fact which 
indicates his unfaltering fidelity to duty. He was a director on the school 
board for three terms of three years each, from 1889 until 1898, and his 
loyalty to public trusts stands as an unquestioned fact in his career. 



182 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

RICHARD E. WALKER. 

Richard E. Walker is the son of English parents, Robert and Mary A. 
(George) Walker, now deceased, and he himself is a native of the great 
metropolis of England, born there in 1852. He received his literary educa- 
tion in London, and in that mighty business center it is not surprising that 
his mind was turned toward commerce and trade. He was accordingly 
articled to a firm of expert accountants, one of the foremost concerns of the 
kind in London. This business is a more distinct profession in England than 
in this country, and there are many grades before one reaches the stage where 
he may be called "expert." Mr. Walker spent a number of years here, and 
after acquiring a thorough training came to Canada in 1886. For two years 
he was located at Victoria, British Columbia, in the capacity of accountant, 
but in 1888 took up his residence in Tacoma, where he has continued ever 
since. On his arrival the city was just going through the throes of the 
"boom," and he accordingly engaged in the real estate business, as there 
was then a very limited field for the accountant. But when the mushroom 
activity suddenly collapsed in 1893, he fell back on his profession. It was 
during this time that he was engaged by the commissioners of Pierce county 
to investigate the county records for the preceding six years. This was the 
first time the books had ever been gone over by an expert, and it was a very 
important undertaking, requiring the entire attention of Mr. Walker and 
four assistants for two years. 

At the present time Mr. Walker is engaged exclusively in the real estate 
and insurance business, and has given up his practice of accountant. He has 
met with success in this line, has prospered financially, and owns a nice 
home in Steilacoom. His offices are at 501-2 Equitable building in Tacoma. 
The firm is now R. E. Walker & Company. In 1893, while Mr. Walker was 
on a visit to Yakima county, he married Miss Margaret M. Clunas, whose 
father was one of the most noted architects in Edinburgh, Scotland, but is 
now deceased. They have two children, Marian and Ronald. 

HON. RUSS S. LAMBERT. 

Hon. Russ S. Lambert, mayor of Sumas and forest supervisor of the 
Washington Forest Reserve at Sumas, Washington, was born at Belvidere, 
Illinois, in 1867, and is a son of John C. and Cassie M. (Hale) Lambert. 
The father was burn in Maine, and when ten years of age went to Illinois 
with his father, who settled on a farm near Belvidere. The father of pur 
subject is still living and makes his home at Belvidere, as does also the 
mother, who is a native of the place. 

R. S. Lambert was reared upon the farm, and continued to live at home 
until he was twenty-two years of age, when he left the farm and came to 
Whatcom, Washington, lie had received an excellent education in the public 
schools, and also studied law hi the law department of file Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, Bloomington, Illinois, from which he was graduated in 1889. He 
then went to Springfield, where he was admitted to the bar, and then made 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 183 

his way west. Until the latter part of 1896 he practiced law successfully at 
Sumas, and then, becoming interested in mining and prospecting, was asso- 
ciated with Jack Post and L. G. Van Valkenburg in the discovery and devel- 
opment of what is now the Post-Lambert group of gold mines in the Mt. 
Baker district, and has made Sumas his home for the past eight or nine years. 

In 1898-9 he was a member of the Washington state legislature, being 
elected upon the Republican ticket, from what was then the forty-eighth legis- 
lative district for a term of two years. In 1899 further honors awaited him, 
and he was appointed by the interior department forest supervisor for the 
western division of the Government Washington Forest Reserve, which posi- 
tion he still holds. The duties of this office take up all his attention, his head- 
quarters being at Sumas. He is now and has been for some time mayor of 
the town of Sumas. Although his attention is so engrossed, he has not lost 
his interest in mining in the Mt. Baker district, and in a general way is 
prominent in developing the resources, mining, lumber and agricultural, of 
the country adjacent to Sumas. 

Ir 189 1 he was married at Belvidere to Carrie E. Swail, and they have 
three children, namely : Louise, aged ten years ; Sidney, aged eight years ; 
and Esther, aged six years. 

WALTER M. HARVEY. 

Walter M. Harvey, a promising young lawyer of Tacoma, and at present 
the deputy prosecuting attorney of Pierce county, is the son of Miles M. 
Harvey, who was a New' Yorker by birth, and in 1849 rnade the decisive 
move of his life by coming by way of the Isthmus of Panama to the gold 
fields of California. When he and his companions arrived at Panama they 
found they had missed the regular ship for the voyage up the coast, and so 
anxious were they to reach the coveted lands that they embarked in a small 
sailing vessel, making the journey in safety. While the fever was at its 
height he was a miner, but when life in this western country took on a more 
settled air, he engaged in the mercantile business in San Francisco, becoming 
one of the leading hardware dealers of the city. He resided there contin- 
uously until 1868, whn he moved to Albany, Oregon, continuing in the same 
line of trade, but he returned to San Francisco in 1873; ' n 1878 he again 
came to Albany, but in 1882 became one of the early residents of Tacoma, 
for that was an early year in the history of Tacoma. During the remainder 
of his life he was a member of the hardware firm of Harvey & Young, which 
is now the Tacoma Stove Company. He died in 1898. Mary M. Curtis 
was a native of New York, and during her childhood she had known Miles 
Harvey ; when she grew to womanhood she came to San Francisco, and 
there the two again met and were married. She now lives in Tacoma with 
her son. 

Walter M. Harvey was born while his parents lived in Albany, Oregon, 
on March 3, 1873, and the first nine years of his life were spent in Albany and 
San Francisco; he has made Tacoma his home since coming here in 1882. 
He has the honor of being the oldest alumnus of the Tacoma high school, 



184 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

as well as the first graduate of the Washington College at Tacoma, com- 
pleting his course there in 1889. In the following fall he went to the law 
department of the University of Michigan, where he received his diploma 
in 1892, and on coming back to Tacoma was immediately admitted to the 
bar. Since then he has been working his way to the front, and has already 
accomplished so much that his future may be predicated with certainty. He 
was assistant city attorney for two years, and in January, 190 1, was ap- 
pointed deputy prosecuting attorney for Pierce county. 

Mr. Harvey was married to Edna B., a daughter of W. H. Remington, 
an official of the Northern Pacific Railroad in Tacoma. They have a daugh- 
ter Elizabeth and also a little baby. Mr. Harvey is a member of the Union 
Club, and is numbered among those who seek the best things for themselves 
and their community. His residence is located at 501 North Main street. 

MRS. J. M. RUCKER. 

Mrs. J. M. Rucker was born in Ohio, January 29, 1830. Her parents, 
Moses and Sarah Morris, were pioneers of Ohio ; the father being a min- 
ister for more than fifty years. She was married to Wyatt Rucker in 1850; 
her husband's father being a minister for more than forty years. To this 
union were born seven children, four girls and three boys. The parents 
were united in the Baptist church in 1871, and Mrs. Rucker is still a member 
of this church. 

She moved from Ohio to Tacoma in 1888, and to her present residence 
at Everett in 1889, being the pioneer woman resident of Everett. The town- 
site at this time was a dense forest, many fir trees more than two hundred 
and fifty feet high standing where the best business blocks have since been 
erected. There were no roads, and provisions had to be brought in by row- 
boat. 

It was quite lonesome at first, but the following year, 1890, Mr. F. B. 
Friday and William G. Swalwell and family were induced to move here from 
Tacoma. Shortly after this Mr. Charles W. Miley and J. H. Mitchell and 
others came, so the monotony of living in the forest was broken. 

Mrs. Rucker is a life member of the Woman's Book Club, and devotes 
much of her time to reading not only the best literature obtainable, but keeps 
herself well informed by reading the daily papers and commercial reports. 
She came to Everett with her two sons, Wyatt J. and Bethel J. Rucker, who 
bought one thousand acres of land, being the present townsite of Everett ; 
and to them is due to a very large extent the prosperity and development of 
Everett. They donated, in 1891, one-half of their entire real estate holdings 
to induce factories to locate in Everett ; and it was through their untiring ef- 
forts in common with the Everett Land Company that the fresh water harbor 
now being built by the United States government was undertaken, there be- 
ing already more than throe hundred and fifty thousand dollars expended on 
this improvement. They also promoted ami carried to a successful termina- 
tion the deal whereby James J. 11 ill and his associates acquired from John D. 
Rockefeller the townsite of Everett, consisting of more than six thousand 





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HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 185 

acres of land, and all will agree that Everett has heen made by Mr. Hill. 
Rucker Brothers are large owners of real estate in Everett, including 
the Monte Cristo Hotel and park adjoining. They are largely interested in 
the American National Bank, the Bank of Commerce of Everett and Bank of 
Commerce of Coupville, Washington, and control the Everett Terminal Com- 
pany. They have also been actively identified with the commercial organiza- 
tions of the city. 

HON. WILLIAM J. MEADE. 

William J. Meade, the second son of Ira G. and Mary Palmer Meade, 
was born on his father's farm in the town of Busti, Chautauqua county, New 
York, September 5, 1856. He lived with his parents on the farm until the 
age of twenty years, at which time he entered the Jamestown Union School 
and Collegiate Institute, at Jamestown, New York, pursuing the English 
academic course of instruction, and helping himself through school by teach- 
ing during the winter months and graduated therefrom June 21, 1878. On 
the 22nd day of June in the same year he entered the law office of Judge Orsel 
Cook and Clark R. Lockwood as a law student and, clerk on a salary of twenty 
dollars per month, and after reading the 'required't-hree years was, on the 4th 
day of October, 1 881, at a general term of the supreme court, held at Rochester, 
New York, admitted to practice in all the courts of the state. 

After being admitted to the bar and taking .a much needed rest for a 
period of about six months, he opened a law office in Jamestown and en- 
joyed a successful practice for about one year. But this was not the field 
where his capabilities could best expand, so he closed out his business and 
came direct to Tacoma, arriving in the territory on Independence day and in 
the city of Tacoma on the 5th day of July, 1883, a stranger in a strange but 
promising land. 

Tacoma with a population at that time of less than three thousand was 
fully supplied with legal talent, as was also the lumber camps, sawmills and 
other branches of industry, and the shingle taken from the door at Jamestown 
was carefully laid away for a more favorable opportunity, and he engaged 
in whatever employment offered to replenish his practically exhausted finances, 
serving as clerk of Tacoma school district and in the several county offices 
and in the United States district clerk's office, where he was employed when 
he was elected in 1884 by the city council of Tacoma to the office of city 
clerk, and so satisfactorily did he perform the duties of this office that he was 
re-elected for fiye successive terms. 

In politics he is a Democrat, and in 1889, when Washington was made 
one of the sisterhood of states, he had the honor of being chosen from Pierce 
county to represent the people in the house in the first state legislature, and 
thereupon resigned the office of city clerk of Tacoma. At the expiration of 
the regular session of the legislature, March 28, 1890, he identified bimself 
with the Mason Mortgage Loan Company, as vice president thereof, a financial 
institution which, through its active and energetic president, Allen C. Mason, 
was one of the prime factors in building up and developing the city of 
Tacoma and various sections of the state. 



186 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

The city of Tacoma having now reached a population of about 47,000, 
the charter under which it was acting proved inadequate to its demands, 
and, under an act of the legislature authorizing the election of fifteen free- 
holders to prepare and frame a new charter, an election was held for that 
purpose June 10, 1890, and Mr. Meade was one of the fifteen members chosen 
for this duty, and, owing to his long continued service as clerk and his inti- 
mate knowledge of the needs of the financial department of the city, he had 
special charge in the preparation of that portion of the charter relating to 
the conduct of the office of controller. 

With the close of the special session of the legislature, from September 
3 to 11, 1890, his public career came to a close, and having been admitted 
to practice law in the state, November 19, 1883, he formed a partnership with' 
George T. Reid (Reid & Meade), and together they entered the active prac- 
tic and are now one of the prominent law firms of Tacoma. 

In fraternal circles he is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite and a 
Knight Templar Mason and a Noble of Affifi Temple of the Mystic Shrine, of 
Tacoma. This brief sketch, while not complete enough for a real biography, 
indicates that its subject is a man of prominence and is popular in social and 
business circles. 

GEORGE D. C. PRUNER. 

George DeWitt Clinton Primer, who is serving as the postmaster of 
Blaine, was born August 7, 1848, in Bath, Steuben county, New York. His 
father, DeWitt Clinton Primer, Sr., was the publisher of the Homesville 
Tribune of New York, and died in 1868, at the age of fifty-four years, while 
his wife, who bore the maiden name of Ellen Kelly and was a native of the 
Empire state, died in the year 1854. In the family were three sons, of whom 
our subject is the eldest, his brothers being Alphonso A., a resident of Pigeon, 
Michigan, and Gustavus, who was killed while in the railroad service on the 
Erie & Pennsylvania line. 

In the public schools of Canandaigua, New York, George D. C. Primer 
pursued his education to a limited extent, but was enabled to attend school for 
only a few months on account of family circumstances. At the age of ten 
years he put aside his text books and entered what has been styded the "poor 
man's college" — a printing office, being employed on the Canandaigua Times, 
with which he was connected for fourteen years, during which period he 
gradually worked his way upward, mastering every department of the business. 
In the spring of 1872 he went to Racine, Wisconsin, and became city editor 
of The Advocate, but filled that position for only a few months. He then 
went to Chicago and worked on the Chicago Times as advertising man. This 
was the year after the great fire, and he therefore witnessed the rebuilding of 
the city. For fourteen years he was connected with the Times, much of the 
time being on the reportorial staff, and in 1885 he secured a position in the 
office of the Chicago Globe, being on its editorial staff through the succeeding 
four years. In 1889 he went to St. Paul as salesman for the Minnesota Type 
Foundry, remaining there for six months, and in the spring of 1890 he came 
to Washington. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 187 

Mr. Pruner first located in Tacoma, working on the Tacoma News, after 
which he went to Seattle, where he secured a position on the Telegraph, re- 
maining there for about a year. In March, 1892, Mr. Pruner arrived in Blaine 
and became editor and proprietor of the Blaine Journal. The publication of 
the paper had been discontinued about six months before, but he took charge 
and soon placed the enterprise upon a paying basis. He continued to issue the 
paper until April, 1902, when he sold out, and his attention has since been 
given to official duties. In 1894 he was elected justice of the peace, was re- 
elected in 1896 and again in 1898, his term expiring in 1900. He was police 
judge for the years 1898-9-1900 and in these judicial positions was strictly 
fair and impartial in the discharge of his duties. In 1894 Mr: Pruner was 
appointed United States customs broker, acting in that capacity until 1900, 
when he was appointed postmaster of Blaine, entering upon the duties of the 
office on the 6th of June of that year. In March, 1898, he was appointed 
United States district court commissioner for a term of four years, but resigned 
after receiving the appointment to his present position. 

On the 4th of December, 1897, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Pruner 
and Miss Evelyn E. Evans, a native of Oregon and a daughter of William 
Evans, one of the pioneer settlers of Lewiston, Idaho. They have one son, 
Clinton E., an interesting little lad of four summers. Mrs. Pruner belongs to 
the Congregational church, in the work of which she takes an active and helpful 
interest. Socially Mr. Pruner is connected with the Knights of Pythias fra- 
ternity. His political affiliation is with the Republican party, and he has made 
a close and thorough study of its principles, so that he is able to support his 
position by intelligent argument. He is county committeeman from the second 
ward of Blaine, and he puts forth every effort in his power to secure the suc- 
cess of the principles in which he believes. In the discharge of public duties 
he has ever been prompt and faithful and in the administration of the business 
of the postoffice he is winning the commendation of all concerned. Whatever 
success he has achieved is due to his own efforts, for, starting out for himself 
at the age of ten, he has since depended upon his own resources. 

THOMAS P. FISK. 

The above named gentleman, at present a prominent attorney at Shelton, 
is one of those who came to Washington shortly after its admission into the 
Union as a state, and has shared in its subsequent growth and development. 
By activity in connection with the business, fraternal and political life of the 
new state Mr. Fisk has, during his residence of twelve years, contributed to 
the extent of his ability toward its progress along right lines, and is already 
firmly established among the successful professional men. He is descended 
from an old English family which, in the person of Thomas Fisk, was repre- 
sented in Massachusetts as far back as 1650. A descendant of this emigrant 
ancestor and great-grandfather of the Shelton lawyer, was born in Con- 
necticut and served as a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Shortly after the 
close of hostilities this retired warrior, like so many other of his compatriots, 
emigrated toward the west in search of more fertile lands and better oppor- 



183 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

tunities. He selected as his place of residence a location then wild and un- 
known, but which at a later period became widely celebrated through the 
'"Leather Stocking" stories of J. Fenimore Cooper. The place of his abode 
was on the borders of the beautiful lake Otsego, source of the Susquehanna 
river, and near the village subsequently named Cooperstown in honor of the 
famous novelist who spent his whole life in this vicinity. Great-grandfather 
Fisk was one of the earliest settlers of this interesting place, and came in time 
to know all the characters in Cooper's story of "The Pioneer," had they been 
real instead of fictitious personages. At a still later period he moved over 
into Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, and located at Skinner's Eddy, where 
he reared his family and passed the remainder of his days. His son, Samuel 
S. Fisk, who was born at the last mentioned place, was a notable character 
of his day in the religious circles of his section. A devout Methodist and 
pillar in that church for many years, he became known far and wide as a 
teacher of singing schools and for his fine voice, which was often heard leading 
in the congregational music. Charles W. Fisk, son of this good man, and 
noted like his father for the piety and rectitude of his life, was a carpenter 
and builder by trade and held the position of class-leader in the Methodist 
church for forty years. He married Susan, daughter of Thomas Brown, who 
came from Massachusetts and bought in Bradford county, Pennsylvania, a 
large tract of land, on which a hamlet grew up that was named Browntown 
in honor of the family. Some years after the Civil war the parents removed 
to Washington, where the father died at Slielton in 1901, but the mother and 
five surviving children are all still residents of the state. Samuel S. is a 
farmer in Yakima county ; John P. is in the railroad service at Shelton ; Charles 
W. is a farmer in Mason count) - , and Clarence W. has charge of a store be- 
longing to McDonnel & O'Neil at New Kamilake. 

Thomas P. Fisk, who completes the list of children above enumerated, 
was born at Skinner's Eddy, Pennsylvania, March 7, 1862, but in boyhood 
removed to Kansas, where he received his education. He finished his classical 
course in 1887 by graduation in the Kansas State Normal School at Fort Scott, 
but meantime had made some headway in the study of law, which he resumed 
with diligence as soon as released from other obligations. In 1888 he was 
admitted to the bar at Fort Scott and soon after began practice at Smith 
Center, Kansas, where he remained during the three years following. In 
1891 he came to Washington and located at Kelso, in the county of Cowlitz, 
where he resumed professional work and continued until 1899. In that year 
he removed to Seattle and formed a partnership with Judge Piper, but in 1901 
opened an office of his own at Shelton, where he has since remained as a 
prominent fixture. He is engaged in the general law practice, and is regarded 
as one of the successful members of the Washington bar. 

Mr. Fisk has been active in politics since his location in Washington, 
and has been honored with positions of prominence by the Republican party, 
of which he is a devoted adherent. In 1898 he was made chairman of the 
Republican state convention, an honor much coveted by ambitious men, and 
in the session of the legislature of 1901 was elected secretary of the senate. 
Mr. Fisk has attained equally high honors in the fraternities, for which social 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 189 

intercourse he has developed especial taste and talent. A past master in 
Masonry, he served for two years as chairman of the committee on jurispru- 
dence at the session of the grand lodge of the state of Washington. He is a 
past master of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and also served five 
years as chairman of the committee on jurisprudence in the grand lodge of 
that order in the state. The fact that he held these identical positions in two 
grand lodges at the same time is mentioned as a coincidence as well as an 
honor that is of unusual occurrence. In addition to the fraternities mentioned 
Mr. Fisk is also a member of the Knights of Pythias and a regular attendant 
at the lodge meetings. 

In 1888 Mr. Fisk married Bertha, daughter of Albert Leichardt, who 
came from Germany to Kentucky, where his daughter was born. The domestic 
circle consists of the parents and five children, whose names are Lea, Bernice, 
Elsa, Traverse M. and Charles A. Mr. Fisk has invested in land on Oyster 
Bay, and hopes to realize handsome profits in time as the result of the develop- 
ment of the oyster-growing industry, which of late has attracted much atten- 
tion on the borders of the Sound. Those who know him best will wish him 
every success in his venture, both financially and otherwise, in consideration 
of his integrity as a lawyer and merits as a citizen, which are generally and 
cordially recognized. 

AUGUST VAN HOLDERBEKE. 

August Van Holderbeke, the state horticultural commissioner, residing 
in Tacoma, was born near Ghent, Belgium, in 1862, and comes of an ancestry 
honorable and distinguished. The family have resided upon the estate where 
our subject was born, nine miles from Ghent, for many years. Mr. Van 
Holderbeke acquired an excellent education in the normal university at Ghent, 
being a student in the classical department, where he qualified for teaching 
in the French and Flemish languages. He engaged in educational work from 
1 88 1 until 1887, and in the meantime devoted two days each week to the study 
of the science of horticulture in the horticultural department of the National 
University at Ghent. In 1887 he entered that department as a permanent 
student, and devoted a year to the mastery of the branches which form a 
part of the course. He was graduated in 1888 with the highest honors of his 
class and with the splendid endorsement of his teacher, Professor Fred Bur- 
venich, a noted scholar and horticulturist and the author of many works on 
that subject. As is well known, the science of horticulture has reached its 
greatest development in Belgium and Holland, and our subject was therefore 
particularly fortunate in that his training was received there. 

After his graduation he abandoned the work of a teacher and devoted 
his energies to horticulture, establishing greenhouses and nurseries in dif- 
ferent places in Belgium ; at the same time he was employed by the govern- 
ment in giving lectures on horticulture until 1893, when he left his native land 
and came to the United States by way of Canada. He went first to Montreal, 
after visiting Winnipeg, Calgary and other places in Canada. On the 3rd of 
July, 1893, he came to Tacoma, and being pleased with this country and its 



190 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

future prospects he decided to become a citizen of the United States, instead 
of Canada, and has since made his home here. He immediately engaged in 
horticultural work, remaining here for two years, after which he went to the 
city of Snohomish in Snohomish county, where he remained for three years. 
He then became horticultural inspector for Snohomish county, which position 
he filled until April i, 1901, when he was appointed state horticultural com- 
missioner by Governor Rogers, and on account of his superior talents and 
ability, as testified to in written recommendations from prominent men all 
over the state, he was retained when Governor McBride came into office. Cer- 
tainly no man of more prominence, ability or learning in this line could be 
found for this position, and his services are highly valued by fruit-growers 
all over the state. He makes frequent trips to the fruit-growing districts of 
Washington to give expert advice and counsel to fruit-growers concerning 
the many problems which continually confront them in their work. 

In 1900, in Everett, Snohomish county, Mr. Van Holderbeke was united 
in marriage to Miss Dumas. He resides at 406 South Tacoma avenue, while 
his office is in the Northern Pacific Headquarters building. Faithfulness to 
duty and strict adherence to a fixed purpose in life will do more to advance a 
man's interests than wealth or advantageous circumstances. The successful 
men of to-day are those who have planned their own advancement, and have 
overcome obstacles' with a sagacity which has been attained only through their 
own efforts. This class of men have a worthy representative in our subject, 
who thoroughly mastered the work which he decided to make his life voca- 
tion, and who by persistent, capable and untiring energy has steadily advanced 
until he has perhaps no superior as a horticulturist on the Pacific coast. 

ALEXANDER R. WATSON. 

This leading business man and mining expert of Tacoma is the son of 
Alexander R. Watson, Sr., and Patience Swanton, both natives of Scotland. 
The former emigrated to this country in 1852 and made his home in Chicago 
until 1862, when he went to San Francisco, California, whence after a few 
years' residence he moved to Santa Barbara, where he lived till his death in 
1872. He was a very talented man, was a photographer and also an author, 
having been one of the earliest contributors to the Overland Magazine, with 
which he had relations for many years. His wife is still living at Santa Bar- 
bara, California. 

Alexander R. Watson was born to these parents in Chicago in 1861, 
but since he was a year old has lived on the Pacific coast. He was educated 
in San Francisco and Santa Barbara and was specially diligent in the study of 
surveying and civil engineering, so that he is an expert in those branches and 
in mining engineering, in 1 88 1 he went to Elko, Nevada, and although he was 
only twenty years old was elected county surveyor of Elko county, and some 
time later was appointed by E. S. Davis, surveyor general for the state of 
Nevada, to the position of deputy United States mineral surveyor. He lived 
at Elko three years, and then came to the Puget Sound country, taking up his 
residence in Tacoma in January, 1884. where he followed his profession of 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 191 

surveyor and engineer. At a later date he embarked in the real estate busi- 
ness, and within the last two years his brother, Randolph C. Watson, has 
come to this city and joined with him in real estate dealing under the name 
of Watson & Watson ; this firm now does an excellent business. 

But Mr. Watson now gives most of his time and attention to his mining 
interests. He is the secretary of the Sure Thing Gold and Copper Mining and 
Smelting Company, which has one hundred and forty-five rich gold and copper 
claims in the eastern edge of King county, Washington, about fifty miles from 
Seattle, in the Cascade range. Mr. Watson was one of the originators of this 
company, and six years ago helped locate the claims, since which time he 
has been at work on the surveying and engineering problems connected with 
the development of the mines, and his maps show that these have been ex- 
tensively developed. The enterprise is now past the experimental stage, and 
at present twelve men are at work getting out ore at the rate of sixty tons per 
day. Within a very short time this output will be increased to from two hun- 
dred to six hundred tons, and a smelter will be built, so that it has the pros- 
pects of proving one of the most profitable mining industries in that region. 

Just before coming to Tacoma Mr. Watson went back to his old home in 
Santa Barbara and was married there to Miss Florence Gunterman. Two sons 
have been born of this union, Harry T. and Alexander R. Watson, Jr., both 
intelligent boys and students in the city high schools. The family reside at 
428 St. Helens avenue, and they are all pleasant and most enjoyable persons 
to meet. 

JUDGE HENRY S. ELLIOTT. 

Reared under the influence of forefathers who had been men noted for 
learning, prominent at the bench and bar and in public affairs, and filled with 
the unquenchable spirit of southern chivalry and military ardor, at the very be- 
ginning of life Judge Henry S. Elliott had many advantages that are not the 
lot of other men, and right well has he made use of these opportunities, as 
the following brief record of his life will show. 

Judge Elliott is descended from English and Scotch ancestors who were 
early settlers of South Carolina. His great-grandfather, William Elliott, was 
a member of Congress and was noted for his devotion to the pursuits of Nim- 
rod. Grandfather Stephen Elliott was a native of Beaufort, South Carolina, 
and after receiving a liberal education in Harvard University became a min- 
ister of the Episcopal church. His son, Stephen Elliott, Jr., was -born in the 
same town and was educated at Harvard ; he was a cotton planter and had a 
fine plantation. During the Civil war he was a brigadier general in the Con- 
federate army, took part in the battle of Port Royal, had command of Fort 
Beaugard, and later commanded a battery of artillery along the Carolina 
coast; he was in command of James Island near Charleston and of Fort 
Sumter, repulsing an attack upon this latter fort; still later, while in command 
of a North Carolina regiment before Petersburg, a mine was exploded by the 
order of General Grant, and many of the regiment were killed, and he was 
himself so severely wounded that he died from the injuries in 1867 at the age 
of thirty-six years, when in the prime of a life that would have had a still more 



192 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

brilliant future. He had been married to Miss Charlotte Stuart, a lady of 
Highland Scotch ancestry ; she survived her husband only two years, passing 
away in 1869. They were members of the Episcopal church; the family had 
been in that faith for over a century, and two members had been Episcopal 
bishops. Two sons were born to them, the Judge and a brother named 
Charles P., who was a captain in the United States army, but is now retired 
owing to disability received in the war with the Apache Indians. 

Henry S. Elliott came into the world in the city of Beaufort, South Caro- 
lina, on the 27th of March, 1858, and was. therefore, but nine years of age 
when he was bereft of his father, being then reared and educated in the family 
of his grandfather. His higher training was received in the Columbia Univer- 
sity, and in 1879 he graduated in the law school of that institution. He then 
removed to South Carolina and was for some time in the office of his uncle, 
William Elliott, a lawyer of note. He was admitted to the bar in 1880, and 
two years later went west and took up his residence in Buffalo, Wyoming, 
where he opened an office. In the fall of 1882 he was chosen prosecuting 
attorney of Johnson county and successfully discharged the duties of this 
position for two terms ; he then continued his practice for ten years and was 
again elected prosecuting attorney. He was made a member of the con- 
stitutional convention, and although in the minority party was elected tem- 
porary chairman of the convention. After this he was the candidate of the 
Democratic party for justice of the supreme court, but with the rest of his 
ticket failed of election. 

In 189 1 Mr. Elliott came to Centralia, Lewis county, Washington, and, 
after spending part of a year there, he removed to Chehalis, where he has since 
resided and followed his profession. He has always been an ardent adherent 
of the Democratic party, and his election to office in Republican centers shows 
the influence of his strong personality and his eminent fitness for the repre- 
sentative of the people. In 1896 he was elected judge of the superior court in 
a very strong Republican district, and he served in that honorable position 
for four years; in 1900 he was renominated by his party, but failed of election 
by the narrow margin of sixty-three votes, the usual Republican majority 
being fifteen hundred. While not serving on the bench Judge Elliott has been 
very active in the interests of his party, being a very effective stump speaker. 

In 1884 the Judge was married to Miss Mary H. Erhart, a native of the 
state of Ohio and from a Pennsylvania Dutch family, who were early settlers 
of the latter state; she was the daughter of John Erhart, now in Wyoming. 
Six sons have been born of this marriage: Henry S., Jr., Clarence B., John 
H., Charles P., Ralph M. and Robert B. They have a nice home in Chehalis 
and are held in high regard in society- In the Masonic fraternity Mr. Elliott 
is past high priest of the chapter and past master of the blue lodge. He and 
his wife are valued members of the Episcopal church. 

GENERAL LUTHER P. BRADLEY. 

General Bradley is one of the most highly respected citizens of Tacoma 
and one of the few remaining generals of the great Civil war, and he is now 



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HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 193 

spending the evening of a life which has been (leveled to the service of his 
country in a delightful home on Prospect Hill, in the lovely city of Tacoma. 
From both his father and mother he is descended from old New England 
ancestry, and the Bradley family was founded in this country in 1650. The 
progenitor of the Prentis family was a trooper in Cromwell's army, and was 
from Essex, England. He came to the new world in 1640. and made himself 
famous as an Indian fighter in the early history of the country. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject, Phineas Bradley, was a merchant and farmer 
in New Haven, Connecticut, and served as captain of artillery in the colonial 
army during the Revolutionary war, while the maternal grandfather, also 
from New Haven, was a captain of infantry for the colonies during the 
same memorable struggle, and General Bradley, is fortunate enough to have 
the diploma of the order of Cincinnati of this illustrious grandsire in his pos- 
session. Luther Bradley, the father of the general, was born in New Haven, 
Connecticut, followed merchandising as his life occupation and was a valued 
member of the Congregational church. He married Miss Nancy Prentis, of 
Stonington, Connecticut, and his death occurred when he had reached his 
fifty-eighth year, while his wife attained the good old age of eighty-eight 
years. 

General Bradley, the youngest <>f his parents' thirteen children, and the 
only one of this numerouV family now living, also claims the Charter Oak 
state as the place of his nativity, his birth occurring in New Haven on the 
22d of December, 1822, He received his education in the public schools of 
his native city, and was engaged in the selling of books until September 15, 
1861, when, in answer to President-Lincoln's call for volunteers to aid in the 
preservation of the Union - , he offered his services to his country and was 
commissioned lieutenant colonel of the Fifty-first Illinois Infantry, receiving 
his command from the governor of Illinois. He became a member of the 
Army of the Cumberland, and served in Mississippi, Tennessee, Georgia, Ala- 
bama and Missouri. In 1862, for meritorious service on the field of battle, 
he was promoted to the position of colonel, and still higher honors awaited 
him, for in 1864, he was made a brigadier general and participated in all the 
campaigns with the Army of the Cumberland. He was wounded in the hip 
and right arm by a rifle ball at the battle of Chickamauga, and at Springhill, 
Tennessee, received a gunshot wound in the left shoulder. General Bradley 
served his country bravely until the war was ended, and in 1866 he was ap- 
pointed lieutenant colonel of the regular army, while later, in T879, was com- 
missioned a colonel, and in that capacity served in the Indian wars in North 
Montana, Dakota, Arizona and New Mexico. Continuing in active service 
until December, 1886, he was then, on account of his age, retired from active 
duty. His has been a long and active career in the cause of his country, but 
he is now living quietly in his pleasant home in Tacoma, and none know him 
save to wish him well. 

In 1868 General Bradley was united in marriage to Miss lone Dewey, 
of Chicago. She is descended from the same family of which Admiral Dewey 
is a member. They have two sons, William D.. an architect in Boston, and 
Robert P., engaged in the manufacture of line clay brick in Tacoma. The 
General and Mrs. Bradley are Unitarians in their religions belief, and he 

13* 



!94 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

is one of the directors of the Historical Society of Washington and a mem- 
ber of the Loyal Legion. 

CHRISTIAN O. GINGRICH. 

There is always a spirit of dashing enterprise and progress about the 
business men of the west which is the more admirable when we consider what 
they have accomplished in such a short time in the new and undeveloped 
country beyond the Rockies. This air seems to pervade and act as one of the 
causes of the success of the extensive grocery establishment of C. O. Gingrich, 
who is undoubtedly the leader in this line of business in Lewis county, and 
owns a store which is an honor both to himself and the city. How much 
of this success is due to the sturdy German blood which runs in his veins, 
or to the western enthusiasm, or to his own inherent character, is not to be 
determined in this brief sketch, but it is enough to state that Mr. Gingrich has 
won more than moderate success in his enterprises, and has certainly deserved 
what he has gained. 

The first of the family to come to America was grandfather Gingrich, 
who located in Virginia, and his son Peter was born to him there. The latter 
married Margaret Swatsontumber, who was a native of Germany. Peter 
Gingrich lived to be ninety-one years old and passed away in 1901, but his 
estimable wife still survives and makes her home in Michigan, having reached 
the age of eighty-eight years. Both of these worthy people were members of 
the Mennonite church. Eight of the ten children of these parents are now 
living, and two brothers and a sister reside in the state of Washington. 

Christian Otto Gingrich was born in Reed City, Michigan, on March 9, 
1862, and as his father was a farmer, his youth alternated between the neigh- 
boring schoolhouse and the duties of the home place. He decided that he would 
adopt some other pursuit than that of his father, and accordingly began his 
career by engaging in the hotel business. He went west to Taconia in 1888 
and in 1889 came to Chehalis. He ran the Chehalis House, which was the 
first hotel in the city, and in this way he got his financial start. After two 
years spent in the capacity of landlord, he made the beginnings of his present 
large grocery house. The first stock that he carried was valued at only about 
$3,500, but he paid close attention to business, was liberal in his methods, and 
knew how to win customers, and the result is that he now has stock valued at 
$18,000. In 1895 l ie erected a fine brick structure in the very heart of the 
business district, with ample accommodations for all his trade. The store is 
twenty-five by one hundred and twenty feet and runs clear through, so that 
one entrance is on Market street and the other on Pacific avenue. There is 
also a large warehouse which is twenty-five by one hundred feet. Besides his 
extensive retail trade, Mr. Gingrich wholesales goods to the smaller towns 
and maintains a branch store at Centralia. It is easy to see, therefore, that 
he stands at the head in his line and is looked upon as one of the powers in 
the business circles of Lewis county. He holds stock and is one of the direc- 
tors in the Chehalis Fir Door Manufacturing Company. 

Mr. Gingrich has a nice home in Chehalis and has been married about 
live years, having been united in 1898 to Miss Edith Jackson; she is Canadian 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 195 

born, but was reared and educated in Centralia, and her father, S. K. Jack- 
son, resides in that place. The son born to them has been named Harold. 
Mr. Gingrich also finds time outside of business to attend to social matters, 
•and is very prominent in the fraternal organizations, being a member of the 
Masons, the Knights of Pythias, the Woodmen of the World, the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, the Eastern Star, the Degree of Honor, the 
Women of Woodcraft ; in politics he is a stanch Democrat. 

D. D CALKINS. 

D. D. Calkins, of Tacoma, is well known as a mining operator of the 
northwest, and his business interests in the development of the rich mineral 
resources of this portion of the continent and his labors in reclaiming arid 
land through irrigation have proved of the greatest value to this section of 
the country, as well as a source of profit to himself. He is a representative of 
that class of men whose labors have led to the wonderful development of the 
Sound country, men with ability to see in unsettled and apparently waste 
places of the world the opportunity for improvement, and who utilize this 
opportunity in a way that advances civilization as well as individual profit. 

Mr. (.alkins is a native of Valparaiso, Indiana, born in 1869, a son of the 
Hon. William H. and Hattie (Holton) Calkins. The father was born Febru- 
ary 18, 1842, in Pike county, Ohio, and in 1853 accompanied his father's 
family to Indiana, where through the succeeding three years he worked upon 
his father's farm. In 1856, when his father was elected county auditor, he 
became his deputy, acting in that capacity for two years, and in the spring of 
1861 he was the city editor and bookkeeper of the Indiana Dail\< Courier, 
published at Lafayette. His leisure hours during this period were devoted 
to the study of law. At the breaking out of the Civil war he enlisted as a 
private in the company commanded by Captain J. W. Templeton, of Benton 
county, Indiana. This company was intended for the three months' service, 
but the quota being filled it was transferred to the state service for one year 
and temporarily attached to the Fifteenth Indiana Regiment, and the following 
August it was disbanded. Mr. Calkins then went to Iowa and assisted in 
raising a company in Jones county, that state, so that in 1861 he entered the 
three years' service as a first lieutenant- of Company H. Fourteenth Iowa In- 
fantry. Pie fought at Forts Henry and Donelson and at the battle of Shiloh, 
and at the close of the first day's engagement at Shiloh the remnant of his 
regiment surrendered, and he, with other officers, was taken a prisoner. He 
was confined at Macon and Madison, Georgia, and in Libby prison, and in 
October, 1862, was paroled. After his release he joined his regiment and was 
ordered to Springfield. Missouri, to repel the invasion of the Confederate 
General Marmaduke. He was then sent to Cairo, Illinois, and later to Pa- 
ducah, Kentucky, where in 1863 he left his regiment with his health seriously 
impaired because of imprisonment and exposure. He re-entered the army in 
October, 1863. and was temporarily assigned to the One Hundred and Twenty- 
eighth Indiana Infantry, then being recruited. In February, 1864, he was 
promoted to the rank of major of the Twelfth Indiana Cavalry, with which 
he remained until mustered out of service, in December, 1865, commanding 



196 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

it more than half the time during active service. At the close of the war he 
was brevetted lieutenant colonel for meritorious service. 

On the 20th of June, 1864, Colonel Calkins was married to Miss Hattie 
S. Holton, a native of Rush county, Indiana, and in December, 1865, he re- 
turned to Valparaiso, Indiana, to which place his father had in the meantime 
removed, and there he immediately entered upon the practice of law, wherein 
he was destined to rise to prominence. In October, 1866, he was elected 
prosecuting attorney of the district composed of nine of the northwestern 
counties of the state, and served to the entire satisfaction of his constituents, 
as was evinced by the fact that he was re-elected in 1868. In 1870 he was a 
member of the Forty-seventh general assembly from Porter county, and in 
May, 1S71, he removed to Laporte, Indiana, where he entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession with Judge Osborn. In 1874 he was nominated for Con- 
gress by the Republicans, but was defeated by Dr. Hammond, of Monticello. 
In 1876 he was again nominated and was elected by eleven hundred votes over 
his old competitor, and was re-elected in 1878. In 1880 he was re-elected 
from the thirteenth congressional district, and was re-elected from the same 
district in 188 J. At the Republican state convention in June, 1S84, the year 
of Blaine's defeat, he was nominated for governor of Indiana, but was de- 
feated by Isaac P. Gray at the ensuing election, the total vote being five hundred 
and fifty thousand. He continued in the practice of law in Indianapolis until 
February, 1880, when he removed to Tacoma, and here his superior legal 
attainments won him distinguished judicial honors. In April, 1889, he was 
appointed by President Harrison one of the four supreme judges of the ter- 
ritory of Washington, which position he filled until the admission of Wash- 
ington into the Union. He then resumed the practice of law in Tacoma, and 
in 1891 was a candidate for United States senator, but was defeated by Walter 
C. Squire, of Seattle. His attention was then devoted to an important law 
practice in Tacoma until his death, which occurred in 1894. His widow is still 
living in Tacoma 

During most of Colonel Calkins' congressional career the family resided 
in Washington, and for one year of that time D. D. Calkins was a student in 
the Chester Military Academy, at Chester, Pennsylvania. In 1884, when 
fifteen years of age, he went to North Dakota and lived on a ranch for fifteen 
months and then, returning to Indianapolis, where his father was engaged in 
the practice of law, he attended the high school there until 1888, when he 
received from the government an appointment to the position of assistant 
topographer in the geographical survey, which work' took him to Montana, 
where he remained for several months. Again locating in Indianapolis, he 
there remained until the fall of 1889, when he came to Tacoma, and since 
that time he has been engaged largely in mining and irrigation enterprises 
in the northwestern coast country, in which two branches of development he 
has had probably as much experience and is as well informed as any man in 
this section (if the country. His operations in these directions have been 
conducted in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and British Columbia, during which 
time he has made his headquarters in Tacoma. For two and a half years 
he had charge of the big irrigation plant and development work at Prosser, 
Washington, and at the present time his largest interests are in gold, silver 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 197 

and copper mining properties on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, where 
he has valuable possessions. His office, however, is at No. 508 National 
Bank of Commerce building in Tacoma. 

In June, 1897, in Salem, Oregon, Mr. Calkins was united in marriage 
to Miss Adelaide Rogers, a native of Indiana, and in the social circles of this 
city they hold an enviable position, the hospitality of Tacoma's best homes 
being extended to them. Their own pleasant residence is at iiio North 
Ninth street. The name of Mr. Calkins has become well known in the north- 
west as that of a promoter, whose labors have been effective and beneficial 
in the development of the great material resources of this, portion of die 
country, and with firm faith in the future of this section he is demonstrating 
its possibilities and giving proof of its splendid business opportunities. 

CHESTER THORNE. 

That little hamlet in Dutchess county, New York, which bears the 
name of Thorndale received its name from the fact that the family estate 
of the Thornes has been there since 1700, and this land is still in the possession 
of the descendants of that original household. This is also an evidence of 
the antiquity, from the American standpoint, of the family's residence in 
this country, whither they were emigrants from England. In one of the 
more recent generations was Edwin Thorne, who was a native and life-long 
resident of New York city, where he was a prominent financier and capitalist, 
a director in the American Exchange Bank, and he died there in 1887. His 
wife was Charlotte Pearsall, who also lived and died in New York city. 

Chester Thorne was born to these parents on November 11, 1863. He 
was a student in Yale College and was graduated in 1884, having made a 
specialty of civil engineering. He then came west and secured a position 
in the engineering department of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, and for the 
next three or four years was engaged in that work in Missouri. Kansas and 
Nebraska. And it was during this period that he was fortunate enough to 
win the personal friendship of that great railroad manager and exploiter, 
H. M. Hoxie, first vice president and general manager of the Missouri Pa- 
cific, and at least one of the results of these confidential relations was the 
marriage in 1886 in New York of Mr. Thorne to Miss Annie Hoxie, a niece 
of the railroad magnate. 

In 1890 Mr. Thorne came to Tacoma with the intention of making it 
his permanent home if it suited him, as it did, and his first importanl invest- 
ment was in stock of the National Bank of Commerce. But be did not take- 
much part in that institution's affairs until January 1, 1893, when he was 
elected its president, which is his present position, and he is now the principal 
stockholder. The National Bank of Commerce is the leading bank in Ta- 
coma; it was organized August 25, 1887, and its capital stock is two hundred 
thousand dollars, with a surplus of about one hundred thousand, and de- 
posits of almost two million dollars. Mr. Thorne has, since [893, devoted 
the greater part of his time and energy to the interests of this institution, 
but his other financial interests in Tacoma and vicinity are large, and he has 
invested large sums for the purpose of building up the city. lie is a member 



198 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

of the Chamber of Commerce and the Union Club, and he and his wife are 
prominent in society. They have one little girl named Anna. 

THOMAS H. WILKINS. 

Thomas H. Wilkins, president of the California Mining Company, of 
Taconia, was born in England, near the city of London, in 1S51, and is a son 
of Henry and Amelia (Hill-Hatfield) Wilkins, both now deceased. The 
Hatfield family was an old and distinguished one, belonging to the aristocracy 
of England, and the mother of our subject had in her possession their coat 
of arms. When but a young boy Thomas H. was deprived by death of a 
father's care and protection, and, although his older brothers had received 
college educations, the family at that time was in somewhat straitened cir- 
cumstances, and our subject accordingly decided to see something of the 
world on his own account and made his way to London. While in that city 
he became a choir boy in one of its cathedrals, and he also sang in the Crystal 
Palace. Through employment with mercantile establishments in London 
he secured a good business education, and when still a young man was made 
steward on a trans-Atlantic steamship, on which he made several trips, and 
later, in 1872, decided to make his future home in the United States. Ar- 
riving here, he turned his attention to mercantile pursuits, which occupation 
he followed in New York, Cincinnati, Kansas and Nebraska, and in 1874 
he made his way to Arizona and embarked in business in Prescott, thus con- 
tinuing for a period of about one year. Returning thence to the Sunflower 
state, Mr. Wilkins took up his abode in Dodge City, where he conducted a 
meat market, and was in business there during the strenuous frontier times 
for which that place was formerly noted. From Dodge City he made his 
way to Silver Cliff, Colorado, and in that place and the neighboring mining 
regions he obtained that complete experience in the mining business that has 
since enabled him to win such a high degree of success. He passed through 
every branch of the industry, as a miner, timberman, ore-sorter, foreman, 
superintendent, general manager and mine-owner, and also worked in the 
assay office, in the smelter and concentrator, so that in addition to his experi- 
ence in the mines he obtained a thorough scientific knowledge of metals and 
of geological formations. After making a decided success in the mining 
business, Mr. Wilkins was induced to abandon the occupation and invest a 
large sum of money in a patent medicine business at Denver, which was con- 
ducted on a large scale, but this proved a financial failure, and Mr. Wilkins 
saw the accumulations of years of honest toil and endeavor swept from 
him. With undaunted courage, however, he set about to retrieve his lost 
fortune, and, learning the trade of carpentering, he worked successfully at 
that occupation in Colorado for day's wages, finally becoming a contractor. 
Coming to Tacoma in 1889, he embarked in that business in this city during 
its "boom" days, and it has ever since continued to lie his home. After the 
panic subsided he decided to return to the mining business, in which he has 
met with an unusual degree of success, resulting, however, from his expert 
knowledge of the business in all its details. During the passing years he 
has developed a number of valuable gold properties on the Pacific coast, but 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 199 

at the present time His interests are centered principally with the California 
Mining Company, of which he is the president and principal owner. The 
mines of this company, which are located at Shady Run, Placer county, 
Colorado, were supposedly worked out by a company which operated them 
twenty years ago and then discontinued as of no further value. On ex- 
amining the property Mr. Wilkins discovered that their great wealth had 
not yet been touched, and he accordingly purchased the property. The old 
dump, which ran through the smelter, produced gold to the value of fourteen 
dollars to the ton. On the property there is both placer and quartz mining, 
they having two hundred solid feet of quartz which will keep a three hundred 
stamp mill busy for about five years to come. 

In the city of Rosita, Colorado, Mr. Wilkins was united in marriage to 
Miss Rose B. Latta, and they have become the parents of three daughters, 
Rosita Fern, Alice Irene and Nellie Leola. The eldest, although but eight 
years of age, is an accomplished musician, and is often called upon to per- 
form on the violin in churches and on other public occasions. Mr. Wilkins 
also spends much of his leisure time in cultivating his musical tastes, being 
a tenor soloist, and he is the composer of a number of choice selections, while 
for a time he was chorister of the First Methodist church of Tacoma. The 
family reside in an attractive and commodious residence at 3106 North 
Twenty-fourth street, and both Mr. and Mrs. Wilkins are members of the 
Mason Methodist church. 

MARION G. DENTON. 

Deeply engraved on the pages of pioneer history of Pierce county is 
the name of Marion G. Denton, for he was among the first to locate within 
its borders, and during his long residence in this section of the state he has 
borne an important part in the substantial development and material progress 
of the county. He was born in Sherwood, Branch county, Michigan, in 
1847, an( l is a son °f J- W. and Mary L. (Gilbert) Denton. The father, 
who was a native of Vermont, was for many years employed as a druggist. 
Some time in the thirties he emigrated to Michigan, taking up his abode in 
Sherwood, but in 1848 he removed his family to Rock Island, Illinois, 
and from there, in 1856, to St. Charles, Minnesota, where he was numbered 
among the early pioneers, having been one of the first to take up government 
homesteads in that region. On account of ill health he had been obliged to 
abandon the drug trade, and afterward gave his attention to agricultural pur- 
suits. He continued to make his home in Minnesota during the remainder 
of his life, and was well known as a prosperous and progressive citizen. The 
mother of our subject, who was born in one of the New England states, de- 
parted this life in Rochester, Minnesota. 

Marion G. Denton was just one year old when the family left Michigan, 
and after their removal to Minnesota he returned to Illinois to attend school. 
About the close of the Civil war, in 1865, he could not longer resist the temp- 
tation to enter the conflict, and. returning to Rochester, Minnesota, enlisted 
for service in March, 1865, becoming a member of Company H, First Min- 
nesota Infantry. His field of operation was Virginia, and in the following 



200 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

July he returned to Minnesota and was mustered out at Fort Snelling. He 
was the youngest member of his regiment. After his return from the army 
Mr. Denton located at Rochester, Minnesota, which continued as the scene 
of his activities for the succeeding twenty years, on the expiration of which 
period he came to the Sound country and remained in the then new town of 
Tacoma until the latter part of that year, when he returned to the east. Com- 
ing again to the Evergreen state in 1884, he made a number of investments 
and business deals and then returned to his Minnesota home to close his finan- 
cial interests there, after which, in 1888, he came to Tacoma to take up his 
permanent abode. He entered at once into the business activity of the place 
and became a promoter of large real estate and mining propositions in Ta- 
coma and throughout the Sound region. He organized and was president 
of the Washington Land and Improvement Company, which purchased large 
tracts of land and started the town of Centralia on its upward course, the 
development work done by them there having been the means of increasing 
its population from seven hundred to four thousand in a short time. They 
also were the means of having the railroad built from Centralia west to Gray's 
Harbor, while in 1884 Mr. Denton was one of the promoters of the Tacoma 
Coal & Coke Company, one of the first companies to begin developing the 
now extensive coal interests of Pierce county. This corporation opened 
mines and established coke ovens, the first in the state, at Wilkeson, which 
are still in active and successful operation, and he has also been largely in- 
terested in gold and silver mines. His greatest, efforts, however, have been 
centered in Tacoma, where during the " boom " days he owned much prop- 
erty, but the panic of 1893 swept from him the accumulations of many years 
of hard and incessant toil. He platted and placed on the market the Smith & 
Denton addition to Tacoma, now almost in the heart of the city, and has been 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce from its early days, while in 1893 he 
served as its secretary. 

The marriage of Mr. Denton was celebrated in April, 1888, at Rochester, 
Minnesota, when Miss Mary H. Evans became his wife, and they have two 
sons, Pierre E. and Gilbert. The family have a -wide acquaintance through- 
out this section of the state, and their many noble characteristics have won 
for them the warm regard of a large circle of friends. 

HON. FRANK R. BAKER. 

Talent is a product of neither some special locality nor of a definite 
period of time, and the classic common of Boston is no more the abiding plac« 
of genius than the distant pine-covered regions beyond the Rockies. Ancf 
the truth of the couplet seems ever more apparent that " some must follow 
and some command, though all are made of clay." Whether the spring of 
power in the Hon. Frank R. Baker had its origin in those who have pre- 
ceded him, or is the product of his own nature and character, there is no 
doubt but that he owes much to the parents who gave the proper direction 
to his mental proclivities and gave him a training where his tastes might 
have free development. 

Hiram Baker was born in the state of Ohio and came west to Iowa about 



[PUBLIC UBRARyj 

AST . LENQx ANQ 
TlLD E N F0 UND ATr0Ns 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 201 

1850, where he located in Bentonsport. and this has been the family home for 
the last half-century. He was an energetic business man, and most of his 
active career was spent as a shoe merchant. He has also been a prominent 
man in local affairs, and was a member of the city council for fourteen years : 
he finally refused to hold the office longer, and his eldest son was elected 
in his place. His wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Hammond, was a 
native of Ohio and is now deceased. 

The son, Frank R., was born in Bentonsport, Van Buren county, Iowa, 
on November 11, 1862. During his public school training he was a hard 
student, and thus early began thinking of the more serious problems of life. 
His literary education was cut short, however, at the age of sixteen, when 
he left home and went to the northwestern part of Kansas, where he remained 
nearly two years, until 1879. On his return to Iowa he became a clerk in 
a store at Ottumwa, but in 1886 he went to southern California and obtained 
a fine position in San Diego county as superintendent of a magnificent fruit 
ranch of seventeen hundred acres, an ideal place at the foot of the mountains. 
But it was in 1889 that he made the move that he will ever regard as " the 
important decision of his life," when he came to Tacoma, which he has made 
his home ever since. At first he. . worked a| the carpenter's trade, but early in 
1892 he became concerned in parties', Vi'n/l for_ the next six years was one of 
the most prominent Fusionist-'sMh' the northwest. He is a man of ready 
mother-wit, a gifted speaker, " full of figures," and having the ability to 
mingle freely with men and influence them to his way of thinking. These 
qualities gave him much local celebrity, and; he was chairman and secretary 
of so many committees and conventions, precinct, county and state, that he 
had little time for anything else. In 1892 he was elected a member of the 
state legislature, was returned in 1894 and again in 1896. While in that body 
he was not merely drawing his salary, but served on various committees and 
was helpful in promoting beneficial legislation. One of his most commend- 
able acts was in preserving the State Historical Society from bankruptcy and 
dissolution by having an appropriation passed for its maintenance. 

For three years Mr. Baker was the owner and editor of the Tacoma 
Sun, and in this work showed remarkable ability as a literary man and a 
manager. In 1900 he was a delegate to the national editorial convention 
at New Orleans. Mr. Baker's argumentative and logical mind and his talent 
for forensic contests inclined him to the study of law, in which field he could 
find a better opportunity to display these powers. Accordingly, he had been 
devoting his leisure time to this subject while he was in the newspaper busi- 
ness, and on August 13, 1900, was admitted to the bar at Tacoma. He has 
always made a reputation as a lawyer and enjoys a good practice. His 
tenacious memory and his desire to investigate to the bottom of a matter 
have given him a great advantage, and his power as a pleader before the 
jury has often so impressed his hearers that he has then and there won clients. 
But he has not neglected his literary propensities, and his productions often 
appear in the local press. His ability as a poet is shown in his well remem- 
bered poems, entitled " McKinley's Farewell " and " Anarchy,'' which were 
published in the Tacoma Ledger. 

Mr. Baker has been married twice. His first wife was Catharine Cul- 



202 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

len, to whom he was married in Ottumwa, Iowa, in 1884, and the children, 
Lena, Harry and Robert, are of this marriage. The second marriage was 
celebrated in Tacoma, January 11, 1893, to Miss Jennette Miller, who has 
become the mother of a boy, Rinaldo. Robert is his father's especial pride, 
for he seems to have inherited the literary accomplishments of his father and 
he is achieving a local reputation as a poet and speaker. He is a very pre- 
cocious youth, and since he was able to read has been a student of the an- 
cient and modern classics, during the last two years having been the author 
of much poetry of high merit. He is also in great demand because of his 
powers as an elocutionist, and the range of his versatile genius is from the 
grave to the gay. But with this all, he is a manly young fellow, a fine athlete 
and an enthusiastic member of the high school football team. 

Mr. Baker is consul of Camp 288, Woodmen of the World, and is also 
prominent in the Improved Order of Red Men. At his home, which is at 
1922 South Yakima avenue, he has a fine library and everything indicative 
of the scholar; his business office is at 505-506 in the National Bank of Com- 
merce building. 

MALCOLM E. GUNSTON. 

The Malcolm E. Gunston Company, real estate, loan and insurance, 
in Tacoma, is one of the largest and most important of its kind in the city, 
and its annual transactions foot up to a very large total. It represents some 
of the largest insurance companies, and the integrity and financial standing 
of the members insure absolute confidence from investors in their representa- 
tions. The offices of the company are at 210-213 Berlin building. The 
principal member of the firm and the owner of most of the business is Mal- 
colm E. Gunston, who has been identified with Tacoma's business interests 
for twelve years. He is English born, and is the son of Edwin and Chris- 
tina (Geddes) Gunston, both natives of England. The former was a retail 
and wholesale provision merchant in London, and was very successful, re- 
tiring in 1896 with ample means. He died in 1899, while his wife's death 
occurred in 1888. 

The birth of Malcolm E. Gunston took place in London, January 27, 
1867, and after he had acquired a fair educational training he entered an 
auctioneering and estate agent's office, learning what is in this country the 
business of real estate, finance and insurance. He was there until he was 
twenty years old, when he decided to better his lot by coming to America. 
He was located in New York city and in Connecticut for a while, but in 
1890 came to Tacoma, Washington, by way of the Isthmus, and he has been 
in his special line of business here ever since. He was first a member of 
the firm of Taylor, Gunston and Barber, afterward Pritchard, Taylor and 
Gunston, until he became the principal partner and established the present 
company. 

In 1891 Mr. Gunston was married to Miss Marie Estella La Freniere, 
and they have five children : Malcolm Dudley, Estella Christina, Virginia 
Grace, George Tilley and Gladys Marie. They reside at 19 12 North Pros- 
pect avenue and are highly regarded members of society. He is a member 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 203 

of the Chamber of Commerce, the Union Club, and the Trinity Episcopal 
church. 

HEZEKIAH S. OWEN. 

Men with lives of almost dramatic interest are so common in this new 
land of America that their Argonautic ventures in the avenues of trade and 
commercial enterprise have ceased to attract attention, but in a few hundred 
years, when the surging floodtide of rushing business activity, refluent, leaves 
the world in calm and steady progress, the writer of romance, casting about 
in the past for a theme of brilliant interest, will no longer seize upon the 
plumed knight and braggart warrior but upon the " captains of industry " 
of the present age, men who build enterprises of colossal strength, command 
larger forces of men than a Napoleon, and manipulate the instruments of 
commerce for the advancement of civilization at a rate before unknown. 
It is to a career which abounds in striking moves in the business world, with 
many ups and downs and ins and outs, that the attention of the reader is 
directed in this brief biography of the president of the Yreka Copper Com- 
pany of Tacoma, one of the largest and most important mining enterprises 
of the west. 

The career of this gentleman begins back in the old Pine Tree state of 
Maine, where his parents were native and lived and died. Arnee F. Owen 
was born in Albion, Maine, and was a Quaker in religious belief and by 
trade a cabinet-maker, being one of the foremost men in the •community. 
His wife was Julia Stratton, who was born and reared in the same place 
as her husband and was the most beautiful woman in the country around. 
She died in Maine about 1875, an d ner husband passed away five years later. 

Hezekiah S. Owen was born to these worthy parents in Clinton, Kenne- 
bec county, Maine, January 9, 1840. While attending the excellent village 
schools and the academy of the place he was also engaged in acquiring a 
knowledge of his father's trade, and he followed that pursuit until he was 
twenty-one years old. Then the Civil war came on, and in December, 1861, 
he enlisted in Company C. Fifteenth Maine Infantry. During the first winter 
the regiment was encamped in tents at Augusta, but early in the spring went 
south, where it saw its first active service. But Mr. Owen's hardest warfare 
began when his regiment, under General Butler and Admiral Farragut, made 
their advance on New Orleans, which resulted in the capture and occupation 
of that city, where Mr. Owen was located for some time. Later under Gen- 
eral Banks he was in some dangerous service in the Red River campaign, 
and on into Texas and the Rio Grande district, and while here his term of 
enlistment expired and he at once re-enlisted fur the end of the war. He was 
in all the engagements of his regiment, never received a wound, and at the 
close of the war was mustered out at New York city, with a record of service 
for four years, eight months and eleven days. 

Mr. Owen returned home and was married, after which he settled down 
at Presque Island, Maine, for a year, and then went to Hallowed, where 
he was a contractor and builder for many years. He was successful here, but 
was constantly on the lookout for better fields, and when in 1879 the boom 



204 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

in Leadville, Colorado, began, he went to that city and soon had twenty-five 
or thirty men working under him as a contractor and builder. After a year 
he also became interested in mining, and not only gained thereby a thorough 
knowledge of such operations but made a success of his ventures in a financial 
way. He continued both lines of business with profit to himself for five 
years, but his health was impaired because of the high altitude, and on tbe 
advice of his physician he went to San Francisco, where he remained two 
months. While here he heard of the possibilities of the Puget Sound country, 
and on coming here on a tour of inspection was so favorably impressed with 
the site of Tacoma that he decided to remain. As this was in 1884 and Ta- 
coma was then only a small village but with a bright future, Mr. Owen may 
well be termed one of the " old timers." 

On his arrival in Tacoma he at once embarked in his regular trade, and 
soon after obtained the contract for the erection of the government buildings 
on the Puyallup Indian reservation. In a few months he opened a job shop 
and picture frame store on Commerce street, but at the end of a year he met 
with the first of his misfortunes which seemed to pursue him like an angry 
fate. His building and stock were a total loss by fire, but he at once moved 
up to Tacoma avenue and started a new store, which later grew into the 
leading art emporium of Tacoma. This was a prosperous venture, but Mr. 
Owen was always thinking of new enterprises, and so he added to his busi- 
ness by starting the " New England Dining Room," on C street with a seat- 
ing capacity of thirty persons, but at the end of a month be had enlarged his 
quarters and was serving five hundred persons a day and clearing one thou- 
sand dollars a month. But in a few months he was again visited by fire, 
everything being lost. Having had such good success, however, he opened a 
fine lunch counter in a new building at the corner of D and Eleventh streets, 
but in 1892 he sold out, retaining only his art store. He soon afterward 
started another lunch counter on Commerce street, which paid him the first 
year five thousand dollars in profits ; he next had a regular restaurant on 
Pacific avenue near Thirteenth street, which he sold at a large profit after 
conducting for six months. In the meantime, while occupying apartments 
at the St. James Hotel, he and his wife barely escaped with their lives from 
their third fire. About this time he sold both his restaurant and art store at 
a profit, and then decided to take a surburban home at Steilacoom and enjoy 
a needed rest, but he had been there only a short time when the fiery fiend 
destroyed his property for the fourth time in four years, surely a record in 
this kind of misfortune, of which, however, he does not care to boast. He 
returned to the city and opened a restaurant opposite the Northern Pacific 
depot, which he ran for six weeks, when he received a good offer and sold. 
Altogether Mr. Owen has established six different restaurants in Tacoma, 
and so successfully has he been in their conduct and management that he has 
been approached with good offers to sell. 

After disposing of this last business he and his wife went to California 
to recuperate their health, but so full of restless energy is Mr. Owen that he 
had been in San Jose but a short time before he was found in the conduct 
of a restaurant, from which he cleared five thousand dollars in a short period. 
Returning to Tacoma in 1896, he went into the restaurant business on C 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 205 

street, opposite where the Fidelity building now stands, and at the same 
time opened a real estate and mining broker's office over the Northern Pacific 
ticket office. He was so successful in the latter venture that in 1898 he 
sold out his restaurant, and since then has been buying and selling principally 
mining stocks, being an officer in a number of different companies. 

In October, 1901, Mr. Owen, with Mr. S. T. Lewis, purchased the claims 
of the Yreka Copper Company on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and 
it is here that he has laid the basis for a great enterprise, and one which 
will prove of immense profit not only to the immediate owners but to all the 
industrial development of the west. He is president and the largest individual 
stockholder in the company. In March, 1902, they added sixteen more 
claims, comprising what is known as the " upper " property, which contains 
the most valuable and available ore. All the stock of the company is now 
taken up and is worth two or three times its par value. Besides the copper 
there is enough gold and silver in the ore to pay operating expenses, and the 
mines are so near deep water that a short tramway is all that is necessary 
to convey the ore to the company's ships; about two hundred and fifty tons 
are shipped daily, and there are millions of paying deposits in sight, the ore 
being quarried like rock. Arrangements have been made to build a smelter 
on the spot with a capacity of five hundred tons per day, and everything is 
being done to make this colossal property an enterprise second to none in 
the west. Mining experts from other mining syndicates have examined the 
deposits, and flattering offers have been made for the property, the representa- 
tive of a Berlin company having offered five million dollars. The capital 
stock of the company is now two million dollars. 

Mr. Owen owns twenty lots in Tacoma, and is going to build one of the 
beautiful homes of that city. He is a member of Custer Post, Grand Army 
of the Republic, and in other ways is regarded as one of the best citizens of 
Tacoma. In 1865 Mr. Owen was married at Hallowell, Maine, to Clara S. 
Woodward, but sbe died while on a visit to her daughter in Minneapolis in 
1879, leaving three children: Etta May, George L. and Irving. He was 
married to his present accomplished and intelligent wife in Tacoma in 1882. 
Her maiden name was Lydia R. Richards, and she is a native of Boston, and 
has been of great assistance to her husband in business matters. 

EDWIN J. McNEELEY. 

From small beginnings to great results, from nativity in the extreme 
eastern state of the Union to present residence in the westernmost state of 
Washington, — would give the reader an outline of the life history of the 
above named gentleman. Although he was born in the state where the lum- 
ber industry of the United States may be said to have begun, his business 
relations while he was residing there had nothing to do with that activity, 
and it was only in Washington that he has become one of the largest shingle 
manufacturers in the west. 

His parents were Joseph and Betsey (Durgan) McNeeley, and the for 
mer was an Irishman, who emigrated to Maine when a young man, and was 
known for his sturdy character. When the Civil war broke out he enlisted 



206 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

and was one of the hundreds who fell in that awful slaughter before Fred- 
ericksburg, December 13, 1862. His wife was a native of Maine and died 
there. 

Tbeir son Edwin J. was born in Somerset county, at Skowhegan, the 
county seat, in 1858. and bis boyhood was passed in that town. He had the 
real Yankee industry and thrift, and when he was still a boy he began the 
manufacture of candies, which he sold at wholesale as well as retail. When 
be was eighteen years old, in 1876, he went to San Jose, California, and re- 
sided there from April to October. But he then returned to Maine and re- 
sumed his candy manufacturing. The favorite method of trading in that 
country was carting the goods around from town to town, combining the 
modern commercial traveler with the peddler, and for three years he sold 
his sweets to the neighboring dealers. He then went west and located in 
Boone, Iowa, where he continued his wholesale candy manufacturing for a 
time, and later engaged in the grocery and crockery business. In 1888 Mr. 
McNeeley made a tour of the west with a view to find a more congenial cli- 
mate, and when he arrived in Tacoma in July he became so impressed with 
the general appearances of the country and its possibilities for future de- 
velopment that he determined to stay here. For his first venture he bought 
a controlling interest and acted as manager of the Tacoma steam laundry, 
but in 1890 he discontinued this and began buying and selling real estate and 
loaning money. In 1893 he was elected president of the Tacoma Abstract & 
Title Insurance Company, which office he held until the company was merged 
with the Commonwealth Title Company. After a study of the local resources 
he decided to embark in the lumber and shingle business, for this country is 
magnificently endowed with the raw material. — is, in fact, the third state in 
the Union in this respect. He made his start by selling shingles on commis- 
sion. The first year was very discouraging, as prices were low and the mar- 
kets seriously affected by the hard times, but he was possessed of the true 
American grit, and, knowing that the tide would turn, he stuck it out and 
soon had his business on a paying basis. When his trade justified it, he estab- 
lished shingle mills at Tacoma and at Everett, and in 1898 articles of incor- 
poration were granted for the firm of E. J. McNeeley and Company, with 
Mr. McNeeley as president and John R. Palmer as secretary. Besides the 
large mills at Everett and Tacoma the company controls the output of several 
other plants on the Puget Sound, and the total product amounts to one mil- 
lion shingles a day. These are not only marketed in the northwest, but go 
as far south as Kentucky, and east to Vermont. The great success of this 
growing and prosperous business is in a large measure due to Mr. McNeeley, 
and the past record of his life shows how well be deserves this good fortune. 
The main offices of the company are at 311-312 Fidelity building. Tacoma. 
In 1898 Mr. McNeeley was elected president of the Washington Red Cedar 
Shingle Manufacturers' Association of the state of Washington, and was re- 
elected in 1899. 

Mr. McNeeley is a prominent Mason, a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, and is chairman of the board of trustees of the First Presbyterian 
church, which is probably the leading church of the city. Tn February. 1880, 
he married a native daughter of Maine, Miss Geneva A. Buck. They reside 
in their pleasant home at 11 13 Sixth avenue. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 207 

ABRAHAM C. YOUNG. 

One of the most highly respected and valued citizens of Pierce county is 
Abraham C. Young, the president of the Young Lumber Company, of Ta- 
coma. Born at Caro, Tuscola county, Michigan, in 1849, ne ' s a son 0I 
William Young, who claimed South Crosby, Canada, as the place of his nativ- 
ity. Early in life the latter, who was a farmer by occupation, located in 
Michigan, but about 1865 he took up his abode at Gordon Grove, Decatur 
county, Iowa, where he became a prominent and well known agriculturist, 
and his death occurred there a few years ago. The mother of our subject bore, 
the maiden name of Amelia Coon, and she, too, was born in Canada and was 
of Scotch parentage. She has also entered into eternal rest. 

Abraham C. Young received an ordinary public school education during 
his boyhood and youth, and after putting aside his text bonks he began work 
in the white pine woods of Michigan, being then only sixteen years of age. 
Continuing in that occupation until his twentieth year, he then established 
a country store in Tuscola county, which he conducted in connection with 
a small lumber business, buying logs. etc. Two years later, however, he 
returned to Caro, the place of his birth, and there resumed his mer- 
cantile pursuits on a larger scale. When but twenty-four years of age he 
was elected to the responsible position of president of the Tuscola County 
Agricultural Society, while some time later he became president of the state 
farmers' institute of the same county, and in 1887 was elected mayor of 
Caro, all of which positions he resigned in 1889 to come to Tacoma. Few 
men attained greater prominence or became more widely known in that en- 
terprising city than did Mr. Young, and his popularity was well deserved. 
After his arrival in Tacoma, and in company with his brother, he organized 
the lumber firm of Young Brothers, and in August of the same year built a 
shingle mill on the shore line at Old Town, the firm of Young Brothers con- 
tinuing through one year and a half. In 1891 our subject organized and in- 
corporated the Cushing- Young Shingle Company, of which he was made 
president and general manager, and this relationship was continued until 
September, 1892, when Mr. Young sold his interest to Theophilus Cushing, 
and in the same year organized and incorporated the Young Lumber Com- 
pany, the stock of which is all owned in his immediate family, the stock- 
holders consisting of his wife, Frances J. Young, and their son. Delberl A., 
the latter of whom is secretary and treasurer, while our subject is the presi- 
dent. During the first two years of its existence the Young Lumber Com- 
pany did no manufacturing, the firm being exclusive and extensive wholesale 
shippers of lumber and shingles, shipping to all points between the two 
oceans and employing as many as six traveling salesmen in the east. In order 
to secure material for this extensive trade without having to depend upon 
outside manufacturers, Mr. Young in [895 organized and incorporated the 
lumber manufacturing firm of Carlson Brothers & Company, the Young 
Lumber Company taking a one-half interest, while the remaining half is 
owned by David Carlson, Olaf Carlson and Andrew Johnson. This new cor- 
poration erected a large lumber and shingle mill on the shore line at Old 
Town, which now has a capacity of three hundred and fifty thousand shin- 



208 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 



& 



gles a day, one hundred thousand feet of lumber, and employs one hundred 
men. At this mill David Carlson is superintendent and office manager ; Olaf 
Carlson, the log buyer; and Andrew Johnson, the master mechanic and 
manager. For business purposes the firm of Carlson Brothers & Company 
is a separate organization, but it is practically the manufacturing department 
of the Young Lumber Company, which owns half the stock and concerns it- 
self chiefly in marketing the product. This mammoth enterprise stands as 
a monument to the thrift and extensive business ability of Mr. Young, and it 
is without doubt that this will soon constitute one of the leading enterprises 
of Tacoma. The Young Lumber Company also control the output of the 
Reed & Andrews Shingle Mill, at Old Town, which has a capacity of a car- 
load of shingles daily, and also that of the Kent Mill Company, at Auburn. 

At Caro, Michigan, in September, 1871, Mr. Young was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Frances J. Bearss, and they have an only son, Delbert A., who 
is the secretary and treasurer of the Young Lumber Company, but takes no 
active part in its management. After his graduation in Washington Col- 
lege he entered immediately into the banking business, and is now assistant 
cashier of the National Bank of Commerce in Tacoma. He is now twenty- 
nine years of age. Mr. Abraham Young is a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce, and is one of the enterprising and successful business men of the 
city of Tacoma. 

LAMMON E. SAMPSON. 

For many years Mr. Sampson was one of the most prominent citizens 
of Tacoma, held some of the most important elective offices, and in his death 
the city lost one who had devoted his best efforts to the upbuilding of public 
interests and had achieved an enviable distinction in the different departments 
of life. He was the son of the Rev. William H. Sampson, who was born in 
Brattleboro, Vermont, and received a college education, after which he studied 
for the ministry and was ordained by the Methodist church when a young 
man. He came to Wisconsin at an early day, where he gained prominence 
both as a preacher and an educator. He was the first president of Lawrence 
University at Appleton, Wisconsin, and was connected with that institution 
for many years. He retired from the ministry at the age of seventy-five and 
came to Tacoma to spend his remaining days with his son, Lammon, and here 
he was greatly beloved by the people for his beautiful character, and is still 
remembered and spoken of with great affection. He died in Tacoma in 1892 
at the age of eighty-three, having lived in this city since 1884. His wife was 
Rhoda Beebe. who was born in New England, and is also deceased. 

Lammon E. Sampson was born at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, in Novem- 
ber, 1848, and he was quite young when he entered Lawrence University. 
He did nut remain to finish his four-year course, however, for in 1864 he left 
school to join the army; he was drummer in the Fortieth Wisconsin Regi- 
ment, and served from January of that year till the close of the war. Com- 
ing out of the army he attended college for one year and then entered a news- 
paper office at Appleton and learned the printer's trade. He had become 
thoroughly acquainted with journalism when, in 1872, he went to Salina, 



[PUBLIC LIBRARY] 

.STOK.UEHOXXHO 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 209 

Kansas, and with his brother, Mason D. Sampson, who had served through- 
out the war in the Fortieth Regiment and had become a captain, establisbed 
the Saline County Journal. It is said that Mr. Sampson was the first editor 
to use the word " cyclone " in describing the zephyrs which were in the habit 
of sweeping across Kansas prairies in the early seventies. 

In March, 18S1, Mr. Sampson and his wife came to Tacoma, which was 
then a village in a forest, and his energy soon placed him among the city's 
foremost citizens. He accumulated property, and spent a great deal in the aid 
of public enterprises. About the first office was that of postmaster, which 
he held by appointment from President Arthur in 1882, and notwithstanding 
bis strong Republican sympathies his services were so satisfactory that he 
continued under President Cleveland's administration, but after six years' 
service resigned in 1887. In the following year he was elected city treasurer 
for two years, and in 1890 was made county commissioner, and it was during 
this four-year term that the splendid Pierce county court house was built. 
He became a member of the city council in 1895, an< i from 1896 to 1900 was 
chairman of the finance committee of that body. In 1899 Mr. Sampson 
formed a partnership in the real estate business with his brother-in-law, J. 
C. Guyles, and the firm is still. in.e.\i_s£eHC-e : .under the name of Sampson and 
Guyles. He was still in the^prinie pf. life and mental powers when he was 
called away by death on March 5. tpo'2, and'ras help has been greatly missed 
in many departments of the affairs of the city and county. He had always 
held a leading position in the ranks of, the Republican party, belonged to 
Custer Post, Grand Army of the: Republic, and all the newspaper accounts 
published at the time of his death were highly eulogistic of his public and 
private career. 

Mrs. Sampson, who survives and resides in Tacoma, was married to Mr. 
Sampson at Salina, Kansas, in 1878. Her maiden name was Miss Lou E. 
Van Zandt, and she was a native of Jacksonville, Illinois, and the daughter 
of John A. and Martha (Carnes) Van Zandt, one of the old families of that 
place. She received a good education, finishing at the Athenaeum, one of 
the prominent institutions of learning at Jacksonville, and she determined to 
become a school teacher. Accordingly she left home in 1873 and came to 
Kansas, locating at Salina, where she was one of the successful and pop- 
ular teachers until her marriage in 1878. She is also well known in Tacoma 
and enjoys the regard of many friends. Her two sons, William and John, 
are both students in Whitworth College. 

EDGAR I. THOMPSON. 

Edgar I. Thompson, of the law firm of Winne & Thompson, of What- 
com, Whatcom county, Washington, was born at Deposit, Broome county, 
New York, April 12, i860, son of William R. and Peninah G (Hulce) 
Thompson. His father was born in Connecticut and was a civil engineer. In 
early life he removed from Connecticut to Deposit, New York, when he met 
and married Peninah G Hulce. of the Flulce family, so widely known through- 
out Broome and Delaware counties. In the early forties he, together with 
two other parties, surveyed the larger part of the eastern part of the state of 

14* 



210 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Wisconsin for the government. In the year 1859 he removed with his fam- 
ily from Deposit, New York, to Freeport, Stephenson county, Illinois, where 
he engaged in farming. He died at Freeport in 1872 and was buried there. 

The paternal grandfather was James Thompson, of Woburn, Massa- 
chusetts, and who was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and later became 
member of Congress from the first congressional district of Massachusetts. 
His brother, Captain Isaac S. Thompson, of Flint, New York, was a captain 
in the Revolutionary war. Another one of the family was Rev. Leander 
Thompson, a distinguished Congregational minister at North Woburn, Mass- 
achusetts, who compiled the history of the Thompson family. 

The paternal great-great-grandfather was Benjamin Thompson, born at 
North Woburn, Massachusetts, in the colonial days. He was a distinguished 
chemist and civil engineer, and became famous in America, England, France 
and Germany as Count Rumford. Although his brothers espoused the colon- 
ial side, he remained ever true to the crown, and at the opening of that con- 
flict he went to England and offered his services. Entering the British army, 
he was rapidly promoted for distinguished services not only in America but 
later in Europe, where he became a captain. He was made a baronet by 
George the Third. While stationed with the English troops at Bavaria, he 
became chief adviser for the King of Bavaria, who conferred upon him the 
title of " count,'' and in honor of his- mother, a Rumford, a member of a noble 
English family, he selected her name, and was thereafter known as Count 
Rumford, under which title and name he achieved his fame as an engineer, 
a chemist, a philanthropist and a scientist. He endowed the chair of chemical 
science at Harvard College, which is still conducted under his endowment. 
He died at Auteuil, a suburb of Paris, in 1814. 

The Thompson family in America was founded by James Thompson, 
who came with his family from England in 1630. in Governor Winthrop's 
party, landing at Salem. He afterwards settled with his family at Woburn, 
Massachusetts, which remained the family home for several generations. 

Edgar I. Thompson, at the age of eighteen years entered the State 
Normal School at Whitewater, Wisconsin, completing the course in three 
years and six months, after which he taught school for one year, and at the 
close of which he commenced the study of law with the law firm of Page & 
Cass, of Whitewater, Wisconsin. After reading law for one year he entered 
the senior law class of the law school of the Wisconsin State University and 
graduated with the law class of 1885. He then returned to Whitewater and 
began the practice of his profession, and that same year was elected justice 
of the municipal court. After serving out his term of two years he was re- 
elected and served one more year, when he resigned and accepted an appoint- 
ment as secretary and assistant treasurer of Olivet College at Olivet, Mich- 
igan. The close confinement and constant mental application of this position 
caused his health to give way, and under the advice of his physician, Mr. 
Thompson came to the Pacific coast and set up in the practice of his profes- 
sion at Tacoma. 

Having learned the creamery business when a boy on a farm at White- 
water. Wisconsin, Mr. Thompson built and established, during the hard 
times in 1894, the Sumner Creamery, aside from his law practice. This- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 211 

creamery enterprise became so remunerative and required such constant care 
that Mr. Thompson moved from Tacoma to Sumner, where he practiced his 
profession and looked after the interest of his creamery. He was city attorney 
for that place up to the time he removed to Whatcom and established himself 
in business here in 1901. 

While living at Sumner Mr. Thompson organized the Washington State 
Dairymen's Association, and drew up and secured the passage of the dairy 
laws of this state in the legislature in 1895. Tlie passage of this dairy law 
practically stopped the importation of oleomargarine into this state, thus creat- 
ing a demand for the home product and saving nearly one million dollars per 
annum to the people of Washington. Mr. Thompson has done more than 
any other man for the dairy interest of this state. 

Wherever he is, Mr. Thompson is always prominent in church and social 
life, always useful in Sunday school work, and, having a good tenor voice 
and being a ready reader of music, he is ever ready and willing to assist in 
the singing on all occasions. Mr. Thompson plays the piano, violin and bass 
viol. He is a good impromptu speaker and a great worker in any cause for 
Christ and humanity. 

ULRIC L. COLLINS. 

Ulric L. Collins, who is filling the position of county clerk and is ex- 
officio of the superior court of Everett, has been a resident of Snohomish 
county for seven years, while his residence in the state of Washington dates 
from 1876. He is a native of Ohio, born October 5, 1847. The family was 
founded in America by three brothers, who came from England to the new 
world about the time of the Revolutionary war, one settling in Pennsylvania, 
another in New England and the third in the south. Mr. Ulric Collins comes 
of the Pennsylvania branch of the family. His paternal grandfather was 
the first of the name to leave the Keystone state and take up his abode in 
the Western Reserve of Ohio, where he became an extensive real estate 
owner. His father, William Collins, was born in Pennsylvania and was 
given the name which was a prominent one in the family for many genera- 
tions, covering nearly two hundred years. He was about twenty-one years 
of age when the family removed to Ohio, and there he engaged in teaching 
school. He became a member of the United Brethren church and upon its 
division, occasioned by difference of opinion concerning the missionary ques- 
tion, he joined the Methodist church. In his political views he was a Whig. 
After devoting his early life to educational work he became a lawyer and 
practiced his profession up to the time of his death, which occurred when 
he was forty-two years of age. He married Margaret Burn's, and they be- 
came the parents of seven children, three of whom are living, but the subject 
of this review is the only one in Washington. He had two brothers who 
were soldiers in the Civil war. William J., who is now a ranchman of Cali- 
fornia, served for a time in Company L of the Ninth Indiana Cavalry, run- 
ning away from home in order to join the army. He was captured at the 
battle of Sulphur Springs, in Tennessee, and for nine months was held as a 
captive in a rebel prison. Barnabus was a quartermaster of the Eighty- 



212 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ninth Indiana Infantry, appointed to that position by Oliver P. Morton, then 
governor of Indiana. He was captured but was paroled on the battlefield 
at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He died in Sacramento, California, where he 
was at the time serving as a member of the state legislature. Addison B., 
another member of the family, became a resident of California in 1850. 
There he was engaged in mining and in driving a stage in the early days, in 
which state his death occurred. One sister of the family is living in Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Ulric L. Collins is indebted to the public school system for the educa- 
tional privileges he enjoyed. He learned the printer's trade and afterward 
took up the study of telegraphy, and for a number of years was engaged in 
railroad work. In 1876 he came to the west and was with the Northern 
Pacific Railroad Company, first in the construction department and later in 
the operating department after the road had been completed to Pend Oreille 
Lake. Subsequently he was in the "employ of the Oregon & California road 
as a representative of the construction department, and was with that road 
until its line was completed to Ashland, Oregon. He then returned to the 
Northern Pacific Railroad Company, with which he was afterward associated 
for eight years. He then located in Tenino, Thurston county, where for 
seven years he served as agent of the road. Later he lived in Arlington and 
subsequently in Snohomish, where he represented the Seattle & National 
Railroad. In 1898 he was elected clerk of the Snohomish county and is now 
serving in that capacity. 

In his political views Mr. Collins is a stalwart Republican. He has 
always affiliated with the party, believing firmly in its principles, and has 
cast his ballot for its candidates since he became a voter. While residing 
in Thurston county he was elected a member of the state legislature and 
served in the sessions of 1891-2. He was an active and valued member of 
the house, taking an interested part in its work, and he served as chairman 
of the committee on the state capitol and capitol grounds, and was a member 
of four other committees. In 1898 he was elected clerk of Snohomish county, 
and has held that office for two terms, being re-elected in 1900. During this 
period the work of the office has steadily increased until during the past 
year the business has been the greatest in the record of the county. He has 
frequently attended the city, county, congressional and state conventions of 
his party, and was a member of the first Republican state convention after 
the admission of Washington into the union, the meeting being held at 
Walla Walla in 1889. 

On the 5th of October, 1892, in Thurston, Washington, Mr. Collins 
was united in marriage to Miss Zella F. Loomis. a daughter of Bennet E. 
Loomis of Bucoda, this state. They now have three children: Ulric B., 
Zella L. and William Verde. Mrs. Collins belongs to the Everett Ladies' 
Club, and both our subject and his wife occupy an enviable position in social 
circles in the regard of their many friends. In addition to their home in 
Everett he is interested in farming property in this county. His fraternal 
relations connect him with both the lodge and uniformed rank of the Knights 
of Pythias, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Forresters of 
America and the Royal Arcanum. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 213 

HAMILTON PITCHER. 

Lumbering is not only one of the profitable industries but is also one 
of the attractive pursuits, for the free outdoor life of the great forests and 
the constant excitement attendant upon the hazardous undertakings con- 
nected with the work entice many men of hardy, courageous nature into the 
occupation. The state of Washington has many sawmill plants within its 
borders, and one of the largest is that owned by Hamilton Pitcher, at Napa- 
vine, Lewis county. This mill has a capacity of forty thousand feet of 
lumber a day; it was built by Mr. Pitcher in 1898, and he has seven hundred 
acres of timber from which to draw his supply; a railroad track three-quarters 
of a mile long has been built to the timber, which expedites the matter of 
transportation and of handling the logs. The plant furnishes employment 
to thirty-five men and, with the planer in connection, is able to get out orders 
of any dimensions, mostly of fir. but some cedar. Most of the product is 
shipped to eastern markets, such as Minneapolis, Chicago and others. 

Air. Pitcher's ancestors were of English stock, and his parents, Peter 
and Susana (Pettit) Pitcher, were both born in Canada. They were farmers 
by occupation and spent their entire lives in Canada, being faithful adherents 
of the Methodist church. The elder Mr. Pitcher died when in his sixty- 
second year, in 1882, but his wife survived him many years and passed 
away in 1902, aged eighty-five years. They were the parents of thirteen 
children, and ten of them are still living. 

Hamilton Pitcher is the only member of the family in Washington. 
He was born near Hamilton, Canada, on the 18th of March. 1849, was 
reared on his father's farm and received his education in the public schools 
of the neighborhood. His coming to Lewis county dates in 1889, and his 
first location was on the south fork of the Newaukon river, where he pur- 
chased a farm and conducted it for a few years. Selling his land he bought 
a mill on the Chehalis river, and secured a contract to saw the plank for 
the county road; as he sawed the plank he moved his mill along the river 
farther away from Chehalis. His now thoroughly equipped mill is a reliable 
source of profit to him, and he is accounted one of the leading and progres- 
sive business men of the county. 

In January, 1903, Mr. Pitcher bought another mill plant with twenty- 
five million feet of fine timber. This mill has a capacity of sixty thousand 
feet per day; has one and a half miles of railroad, with logging locomotive 
and switching locomotive. The plant and timber are worth fifty thousand 
dollars. He also owns ten million feet of timber west of Napavine and still 
has the same quantity at the old mill. Every wheel is rolling and the in- 
dustry thrives under Mr. Pitcher's able management. 1 le has recently added 
two hundred acres to his real estate holdings in Washington, and carries a 
stock of about two million feet of lumber in his yards. 

In 1876 Mr. Pitcher was married to Miss Ellen Wymcr, a native of 
Canada, and her parents were also born there. They have one daughter, 
Susana Catharine. Mr. Pitcher has his residence near his mill and also owns 
one hundred and sixty acres of timber on the south fork. He is a member 
of the Republican party, has the religious views of the Methodist church and 
is a very substantial citizen of the county. 



214 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ALVAH B. HOWE. 

Among the successful and prominent business men of Pierce county is 
Alvah B. Howe, president of the Pioneer Bindery & Printing Company of 
Tacoma. This company was incorporated by Mrs. Phebe A. Howe and 
her three sons, and the present officers are: Alvah B. Howe, president; 
Mortimer Howe, vice president, and William Howe, secretary. The mother 
is a native of Cayuga county, New York, and as early as 1877 she came 
to the Pacific coast, where in a small way she engaged in the book-binding 
and printing business in Walla Walla, Washington. After nine years spent 
in that city she removed in 1887 to Tacoma and resumed her former occu- 
pation, and in 1889, with her three sons as stockholders, incorporated the 
Pioneer Bindery and Printing Company. The sons were all trained to this 
business from early life, thus being thoroughly familiar with every detail 
connected therewith, and they now manufacture all kinds of blank books, 
hank, county and office supplies and do a general job printing business. 
Their close attention to business and honorable methods have won for them 
a large and profitable patronage, their trade now extending over the entire 
northwest and into Alaska, and they have all the machinery and appliances 
necessary for the highest grade of work, and are justly deserving of the 
extensive patronage which they are now enjoying. 

The Howe brothers were all born in Cayuga county, New York, and 
the date of our subject's birth was the 8th of March, 1872. All received their 
educations in the public schools of Walla Walla and Tacoma, Washington, 
and as stated above have become thoroughly acquainted with every detail con- 
nected with the printing and binding business. Mrs. Howe is entitled to 
the highest credit for the founding and subsequent growth of this business, 
and also for the training of such a trio of accomplished young business men. 
Alvah B. Howe was married in 1893, Miss Marion Courtenay becoming his 
wife, and one little daughter has been born to brighten and bless their home, 
Marion C. The three brothers give their political support to the Repub- 
lican party, and in his fraternal relations our subject is a member of the 
Masonic order, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Knights 
of Pythias. They are numbered among the leading and substantial business 
men of Pierce county, and have earned and retained the confidence and es- 
teem of a wide circle of acquaintances. 

MORRIS GROSS. 

Morris Gross, the pioneer dry-goods merchant of Tacoma, has been 
engaged in business operations here since 1879, and is now numbered among 
the leading merchants of the city. He is a native of Russian Poland, born 
on the 19th of February, 1859, his parents being Aaron and Salata (Moses) 
Gross, both also natives of Poland, born in Rypin city, which was also 
the birthplace of our subject. He received but a limited education in the 
Hebrew schools of his native city, and in the land of his birth learned the 
tailor's trade. When twenty years of age he came direct to Tacoma, Wash- 
ington, which at that time contained about three hundred inhabitants, and, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 215 

having no knowledge of the language spoken in this country, he was obliged 
to attend night school to learn the English language. In 1879, in company 
with his brother, he began business operations in a small way at his present 
location, the first year his sales amounting to only about nine thousand dol- 
lars, while the second year they reached fifteen thousand dollars, and by 
their indefatigable industry and close attention to business the business con- 
tinued to increase from year to year until in 1891 the sales amounted to four 
hundred and sixty thousand dollars. Prior to the disastrous panic of 1893 
the brothers had erected a large block on the corner of Ninth and C streets, 
at a cost of one hundred and sixty thousand dollars, and after this terrible 
financial storm had passed they were obliged to sell the structure for forty- 
nine thousand dollars. Mr. Gross, however, managed to pass through the 
panic safely, and in 1895 resumed business at his old location, where he 
has met with a high and well merited degree of success. Fie now carries a 
very large and well selected stock of everything to be found in a first-class 
dry-goods establishment. His store building is located at 906-908-909-910 
Pacific avenue, in the very heart of the business center, and has a frontage 
of eighty feet. This is an exceedingly well kept and up-to-date establish- 
ment in every particular, and its owner not only enjoys an extensive patron- 
age, but has also gained and retained the confidence of the business population 
of the city in which he has so long been an important factor. 

The marriage of Mr. Gross was celebrated in 1894, when Miss Mollie 
Bush became his wife. She is a native of New York city and a daughter 
of Henry Bush, a well known merchant of that city. This union has been 
blessed with one son and one daughter, both born in Tacoma, Amy and 
Henry Arthur. Mr. and Mrs. Gross are adherents of the Hebrew faith, 
but are very liberal in their views. In political matters he is identified with 
Republican principles, while fraternally he is a Thirty-second degree Scottish 
Rite Mason and a Shriner, having received the sublime degree of a Master 
Mason in Tacoma Lodge No. 22, A. F. & A. M. He is also a member 
of the Knights of Pythias fraternity, the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. Public-spirited and 
progressive in all his ideas, he lends his influence to all measures which he 
believes useful to the majority, and always plays the part of an earnest and 
patriotic citizen. 

ROBERT GRAY HUDSON. 

Robert Gray Hudson, one of the prominent members of the bar of 
Washington, maintains his residence at Tacoma, where he has been actively 
engaged in the practice of his profession for eleven years. He is a native of 
Louisville, Mississippi, born on the 23d of June, 1848, is of German descent, 
and his ancestors settled in South Carolina soon after the close of the Revo- 
lutionary war. His grandfather, James Hudson, was born in that state, was 
a planter by occupation and was a valued member of the Baptist church. 
He married Miss Mary Spencer, also a native of Mississippi, and he was 
called to his final rest at the early age of thirty-two years, but his wife 
attained the good old age of ninety years. Robert Spencer Hudson, a son 



216 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

of this worthy couple and the father of our subject, was born in the Edgfield 
district of South Carolina in 1820, was educated for the practice of law and 
began his professional career in Louisville, Mississippi. He soon rose to 
prominence in his chosen profession, and his ability and earnest labor won 
for him a large fortune, enabling him to take up his residence on his own 
plantation about twenty miles from Louisville, where he gave his aid only 
to important cases until 1858, and in that year was made district attorney. 
In i860 Mr. Hudson removed to Yazoo county, Mississippi, where he pur- 
chased a large plantation, and in the following year became circuit judge, 
holding that important position until after the close of the Civil war. He 
was a heavy loser as the result of this terrible conflict, having been the 
owner of many slaves, and after the close of the struggle he resumed his 
law practice at Yazoo City. He was elected a member of the first state con- 
vention after the war, and was made a member of the state legislature in 
1876, also continuing his law practice until his life's labors were ended in 
death, when he bad reached the sixty-ninth milestone on the journey of life. 
For his wife Mr. Hudson chose Miss Nancy Alvira Gray, a native of South 
Carolina, where she was born in the Abbyville district, of old English an- 
cestry, who had settled in the south just after the Revolution. She was 
the daughter of Frederick Gray, a native of South Carolina and a prominent 
and well known planter of that state. By her marriage Mrs. Hudson became 
the mother of eight children, seven of whom are now living, and all reside 
in the state of Mississippi with the exception of the subject of this review. 

Robert Gray Hudson received his education in the University of Missis- 
sippi, at Oxford, where he was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1872. 
Soon after his graduation he began reading law with his father, and was 
admitted to practice in 1875, the father and the son continuing practice 
together until the former's retirement in 1887, after which the latter con- 
tinued in business with Robert S. Holt, his present partner, until 1891, at 
Yazoo City. In that year he came to Tacoma, Washington, and joined his 
partner, Mr. Holt, who had preceded him to Tacoma, in the law practice, 
in which he has met with a high degree of success, having a large corpora- 
tion clientage. In political matters he had given his support to the Democ- 
racy until 1896, but in the presidential election of that year cast his first 
Republican vote and has since continued to uphold the principles of that party. 
He is at the present time president of the Washington State Bar Associa- 
tion, with which he has been connected for seven years. In 1890 Mr. Hud- 
son was elected one of the seven delegates at large from the state of Missis- 
sippi to the constitutional convention of that state, held in said year, and 
was a member of the committees on franchise, corporations and declaration 
of rights. 

The marriage of Mr. Hudson was celebrated in 1878, when Miss Nannie 
Hill became his wife. She is the daughter of A. P. Hill, of Canton, Missis- 
sippi, and a prominent lawyer of that state. Three children have been born 
to this union, Nancy Elvira, Albert P. N. and Robert S. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hudson are members of the Methodist church, in which be is serving as a 
treasurer and as a member of the official board. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 217 

AMBROSE J. RUSSELL. 

Ambrose James Russell, one of the leading architects of Tacoma, is a 
native of the East Indies, where his birth occurred on the 15th of October, 
1857, and he is of Scotch ancestry. He is a son of the Rev. James and 
Rhoda L. (Foss) Russell, the latter of whom was a descendant of a New 
South Wales family, while the former was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and 
was connected with the London Missionary Society, being a member of the 
Congregational church, or what was called in Scotland a Covenanter. For 
the long period of twenty-two years he was engaged. in missionary work in 
the southern part of the East Indies, but later in life returned to Scotland 
and located on an estate left him by his father, where he spent the remainder 
of his days, attaining the good old age of eighty-six years. His wife passed 
away in death while residing in the East Indies. Their union was blessed 
with two children, a son and a daughter, and the latter is now Mrs. Rhoda 
J. Murray and resides in Wales. 

Ambrose J. Russell, the only son of this family, received his early edu- 
cation in the high school of Glasgow, which was later supplemented by a 
course in the University of Glasgow, and his architectural training was re- 
ceived in the Academy of Fine Arts, at Paris, France. Leaving that institu- 
tion in January, 1884, he came to the United States, and in the following 
March became a resident of Boston, Massachusetts, spending one year in the 
office of the famous architect, H. H. Richardson, the designer of Trinity 
church, a part of the state capital at Albany, New York, and the Allegheny 
county buildings at Pittsburg. Subsequently Mr. Russell pursued his pro- 
fession in Worcester, Massachusetts, with a gentleman whom he had known 
in Paris, but after one year there decided to come to the west, and accord- 
ingly took up his abode in Kansas City, Missouri, following his profession 
in that city and St. Louis. In 1892 he came to Tacoma, Washington, and 
has since been actively engaged in architectural work in this city, spending 
the first year as draughtsman for the Cottage Home Building Company, 
after which he formed a partnership with Albert Sutton, and after severing 
that connection carried on operations alone until the 15th of April, 1901. 
At that date he entered into business relations with F. H. Heath, and they 
are now engaged in general architectural work. Mr. Russell has the honor 
of having been elected the first president of the Ferry Museum, serving in 
that capacity for three years, and is now its vice president. 

Mr. Russell was united in marriage to Miss Loella Sargent, a native of 
Iowa and of Scotch ancestry. They have two children, Janet Nichol and 
Margaret McDonald. The family reside in one of the attractive homes of 
Tacoma, located on the corner of North Fourth and M streets. They are 
members of the Episcopal church, and in his fraternal relations he is a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is independent 
in his political views, preferring to vote for the men whom he regards as 
best qualified to fill positions of honor and trust, and in the business circles 
of Tacoma he occupies a prominent place. 



218 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ANTON HUTH. 

One of the largest and most important institutions of the flourishing 
city of Tacoma is the Pacific Malting and Brewing Company, which pays 
out thousands of dollars annually to its employes and has taken rank among 
the large concerns which have been built up on that wonderful land-locked 
sea known as Puget Sound. But so closely is this enterprise identified with 
its president and principal owner, Anton Hutb, that the history of both must 
be detailed together. Anton Huth was born in Hesse-Darmstadt, near Frank- 
fort on the Main, Germany, in 1854, and was the son of Phillip and Gertrude 
(Rudolph) Huth, the former of whom was a farmer and was killed in the 
early part of the Franco-Prussian war. Anton learned the trade of brewer 
and maltster, obtaining both a technical and practical knowledge of the busi- 
ness in the home of the beer-making industry. 

In the fall of 1S71, shortly after the death of the father of the family, 
he came with bis mother and the rest of the household to America, where 
they thought they could better their condition. They located in Louisville, 
Kentucky, and although Anton was only eighteen years old he secured a good 
position in a brewery there. He lived there fourteen years and then he and 
his mother removed to Portland, Oregon, where he became a foreman in one 
of the leading breweries. But he held this place about two years and then 
went to Vancouver, Washington, and became a partner in the Star Brewery 
at that place. While he was living there his mother died. In 1888 he came 
to Tacoma, and in partnership with Mr. Scholl established a brewery, which 
was the beginning of the present large establishment. They had been in busi- 
ness but a short time when Mr. Huth and Mr. Virges bought out his partner, 
and then incorporated the business as the Pacific Brewing and Malting Com- 
pany, of which Mr. Huth is the principal stockholder and president, and 
William Virges is treasurer and secretary. 

This is in brief the history of the establishment of this great brewery, 
but, as Mr. Huth says, it is the work of a lifetime to build up a brewery to 
what it should be, and, although a half a million dollars has been expended 
on the plant since its modest beginning in 1888, the work is practically only 
begun. The plant has a favorable situation from the standpoint of shipping 
facilities, at Jefferson avenue and Twenty-fifth street, and here an imposing 
group of brick buildings is being gradually collected, some of them several 
stories high and as nearly fireproof as they can be made ; two or three are 
just completed, while others are in course of erection. A visitor will find that 
the manufacture of beer has been brought to a high state of perfection here, 
and all the latest machinery and devices are being utilized. The company 
makes its own malt from rich barley, and the most scientific methods are used 
for germinating and drying the grain. The best hops are used, and that other 
important element in beer-making, pure water, is obtained from a well which 
has been sunk to the depth of two hundred feet, the supply being the purest 
possible; compressed air is used for forcing this water to all parts of the 
plant. Cleanliness is a watchword in this brewery ; everything is sterilized 
and made as nearly germ-proof as possible. No effort is spared in making 
perfect the entire process, from the mashing and boiling on the top floor 




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HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 219 

of the brew house, through the stages of cooling, fermenting, cleansing, rack- 
ing and storing. In the storage cellars is row after row of enormous storage 
tanks, the storage capacity being over twenty thousand barrels, and each brew 
is " aged " from five to six months before being barreled or bottled. All the 
vessels are of the very best material, and a great deal of money has been spent 
on the machinery for the boiler house. There are also two ice-making ma- 
chines, one of a capacity of fifty and the other of sixty-five tons. The man- 
agement of this concern is a source of pride to the owner, for it has never 
shut down because of hard times, and during the panic it kept on running 
and paying full wages to its employes when many other industries in the 
city were paralyzed. 

One of the trustees of the Pacific Malting and Brewing Company is 
Mrs. Anton Huth, whose maiden name was Miss Agnes Miller, and who was 
married to Mr. Huth in Tacoma in 1S91. They have four children, An- 
toinette, Marie, Carlton and Gertrude. Mr. Huth is a prominent citizen of 
Tacoma, is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, of the Elks and other 
societies, and besides the brewery is interested in the Puget Sound Malting 
Company, and is the owner of the Germania Hall, a very popular place for 
social gatherings. 

HON. MERTON H. COREY. 

The Hon. Merton H. Corey, who is one of the prominent business men 
of Tacoma and a leader in political circles, having twice represented his 
district in the state legislature, was born near Forestville, Chautauqua 
county. New York, in 1869, a son of Henry I. and Elizabeth (Dunning) 
Corey, who now reside at Forestville. The father was born in Brooklyn, 
New York, and is of English descent, while the mother, a native of Roch- 
ester, New York, comes of Scotch ancestry. When a young man Henry I. 
Corey removed to Chautauqua county and entered upon what proved a very 
successful business career, so that he became a wealthy and prominent citizen. 
He owned several fine farms and was also a prominent stockman and lum- 
berman, controlling important interests. He was enterprising and progres- 
sive, and was in every way a potent force in increasing the wealth and pros- 
perity of his county. When the Civil war broke out he enlisted at 
Jamestown as a private in the One Hundred and Twelfth New York Volun- 
teer Regiment and served throughout the period of hostilities, mostly in Vir- 
ginia. He participated in the battles of Petersburg, Cold Harbor and many 
others, being continuously in active service of an arduous nature, yet never 
faltering in the faithful and loyal performance of his duty as a defender of 
the old flag. 

When Merton H. Corey was seven years of age the family removed to 
Forestville, where he obtained his education, being graduated in the Forest- 
ville Academy in 1888. During his youth he had also received thorough 
business training through connection with his father's extensive business 
affairs, which he helped to manage, thus acquiring comprehensive knowledge 
of correct business methods. He might have continued a factor in the con- 
trol of his father's enterprises, but the west attracted him and he longed to 



220 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

become connected with the more enterprising and stirring business life of 
this section of the country, and in the year of his graduation, 1888, he made 
his way to the Pacific coast, locating in Tacoma. Here he accepted a position 
with the Oakland Loan & Trust Company. It was not a very important one, 
but it was a business opening, although his service was clerical work, for 
which he received but fifty dollars per month. His close application, ability 
and enterprise, however, soon won recognition and gained his promotion, 
and in the fall of 1889, upon the organization of the National Bank of the 
Republic, he was appointed assistant cashier, in which capacity he served 
until the bank was dissolved in 1893. While with that institution he also 
had the agency for a number of fire insurance companies, and upon his re- 
tirement from the bank he combined his insurance business with a general 
real estate, loan and insurance business, to which he has since continuously 
devoted his attention with good results. He has always been very prominent 
and successful in this field of endeavor, and now represents very important 
and extensive interests. In this enterprise he is associated with a partner, 
William M. Kennedy, under the firm name of Corey & Kennedy, with offices 
at Nos. 412-413 Fidelity building, Tacoma. Mr. Corey is also interested 
in various other business enterprises and projects, and, as he has a talent for 
planning and executing the right thing at the right time, he is a valued ad- 
dition to the business circles of Tacoma. 

The sterling qualities of Mr. Corey and his fitness for leadership in 
public affairs affecting the welfare of the commonwealth made him the choice 
of the people as their representative from the thirty-sixth district in the 
general assembly. He was elected upon the Republican ticket of Pierce 
county, and served so capably during his term of office that he was re- 
elected in 1900. During both sessions he was a member of several com- 
mittees, but did his must important work as a member of the committee on 
insurance. During his second term he was the chairman of the insurance 
committee, and devoted most of his time and attention to the duties of that 
position, which he discharged most satisfactorily to his constituents and the 
state at large. 

In 1889, in Tacoma, Mr. Corey married Miss Anna P. Wheelock, also 
a native of Chautauqua county, New York, and they are now the parents 
of four children, Lester M., Ruth A., Hazel and Esther P. Their home is 
at 304 South Twenty-ninth street. Such in brief is the life history of Mr. 
Corey. In whatever relation of life we find him — in the government service, 
in political circles, on business or in social relations — he is always the same 
honorable and honored gentleman, whose worth well merits the high regard 
which is uniformly given him. 

THOMAS CHALMERS FLEMMING. 

Thomas Chalmers Flemming is a gentleman of considerable influence 
in Everett and Snohomish county, and is one who exercises his power for 
the general welfare. He is thus classed among the representative men of 
the northwest, and because of his genuine worth and fidelity to principle 
he well deserves mention among the leading citizens of this locality. Mr. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 221 

Flemming is of Irish birth, having been born in the city of Dublin, Ireland, on 
the 30th of January, 1856. He is a son of William Flemming, a native of 
Scotland, and was a contractor and millwright. He followed that pursuit 
in the Emerald Isle to some extent, and there died in 1856 at the age of 
forty-eight years. His wife bore the maiden name of Euphemia Chalmers, 
and was born in Fifeshire, Scotland. Following her husband's death she 
determined to come to the United States, and crossing the Atlantic took up 
her abode in Holyoke, Massachusetts, where she spent her remaining days, 
her death occurring in 1902, when she had reached the age of seventy-two 
years. She was the mother of six sons and a daughter: John; William; 
James; Charles; Robert, who is now deceased; and Marguerite. 

Thomas Chalmers, the youngest member of the family, was only six 
months old at the time of his mother's emigration to the new world. His 
boyhood days were spent in Holyoke, Massachusetts, and at the usual age he 
entered the public schools, continuing his studies until he had pursued his 
high school course. At the age of sixteen he left school and began learning 
the trade of paper manufacturing. After two years spent in that way he 
came to the Pacific coast, making his way to San Francisco by way of the 
Isthmus route. He arrived at his destination in March, 1875, and was 
there connected with the business of manufacturing paper until 1876. That 
year witnessed his removal to Portland, Oregon, and he established the first 
paper mill on the northern Pacific coast. The new enterprise prospered, 
and he continued in business in Portland until 1880, when he removed to 
LaCamas, Washington, where he established a paper mill for H. L. Pettitt, 
continuing its operation until 1882. In that year Mr. Flemming went to 
Taylorville, California, as superintendent of a paper mill, which he continued 
to operate until 1892, when he removed to Lowell, Washington. There he 
was employed as a paper-maker for the Everett Paper & Pulp Company 
until 1S95, when he went to Albernia. British Columbia. He was also a 
pioneer in the paper manufacturing business in that country, establishing the ' 
first plant for making paper in British Columbia. He continued there until 
the mill was closed down, after which he returned to Everett and again 
entered the employ of the Everett Paper & Pulp Company, where he was 
until 1899. The following year he entered upon the duties of the office of 
county commissioner, for a term of four years, so that he is the present 
incumbent. He is now chairman of the board, and has done much to im- 
prove the condition of public and county roads. He is a most progressive 
citizen, interested in the welfare of his adopted county, and his efforts have 
been beneficial and far-reaching. Matters concerning the political condition 
of the country are of interest to him as they should be to everv true Ameri- 
can citizen. He has studied closely the questions of the day, and gives to 
the Republican party his earnest support. 

On the 4th of December. 1880. Mr. Flemming was united in marriage 
at Eagle Creek, Oregon, to Miss Sarah Brackett, a native of Oregon and 
a daughter of H. H. Brackett. one of the honored pioneer settlers of that 
state. Mr. and Mrs. Flemming now have three children: Marguerite, who 
was born in Oregon City; Lottie, whose birth occurred in LaCamas, Wash- 
ington; and Agnes, who was born in Taylorville, California. He is a 



222 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

worthy representative of that class of citizens who lead quiet, industrious, 
honest and useful lives and constitute the best portion of the community. 

CAPTAIN MARTIN ROBINSON. 

Captain Robinson is a man of the world; his span of life covers more 
than the period allotted by the psalmist, and in this time he has seen nearly 
every section of the United States ; has earned an excellent record as a sol- 
dier, and has been successful in the material affairs of life. He is one whom 
men delight to honor, and he is accounted one of the respected citizens of 
Centralia, where he has resided since 1889. The Scotch forebears of this 
gentleman were early settlers of America, and grandfather Colonel Ezekiel 
Robinson was one of the first settlers to come to the vicinity of Northfield, 
Vermont. He was born in Providence, Rhode Island. July 15, 1764. He 
married Dinah Doubleday, of Palmer, Massachusetts, who was born April 
28, 1764, and they soon thereafter took up their abode in the wilderness of 
Northfield. Many are the tales of this pioneer life which grandmother Rob- 
inson used to relate to her grandchildren, how she rode on horseback one 
hundred and fifty miles to visit her old home, with her child in her arms, 
with food in saddle-bags, much of the way lying through the grim and lonely 
forest, returning without harm to herself, her child or her beast ; how two 
pet bear cubs of a neighboring settler climbed to the roof of her home, scram- 
bled down the rough stick chimney and crawled into bed where the sleeping 
children lay. Such were some of the events that gave color to pioneer life 
in those days and are a source of unending interest to those who live in more 
modern times. Ezekiel was a colonel of the militia and fought at the battle 
of Plattsburg in the war of 1812. He and his wife were members of the 
Free-will Baptist church, and he died in 1834. 

His son, David Robinson, was born in Northfield February 7, 1799, 
followed farming and manufacturing and spent his life in his native state. 
He was a Baptist and was a member of the Whig party. He served some 
time in the state legislature and was a member of the convention that nomi- 
nated William Henry Harrison for the presidency. His wife was Sarah 
Denny, a member of an old and highly respected Vermont family. They 
had ten children, but two of them are living, the Captain being the only sur- 
vivor of eight sons: Mrs. Fllen Junes, of Appleton, Wisconsin, is the other 
surviving member. Mr. Robinson died in 1S41, aged forty-two, his wife 
surviving him and passed away in November, 1841). in her forty-ninth year. 

Martin Robinson was born in Washington county, Vermont, Septem- 
ber 18, 1831, was reared on his father's farm and was educated in the dis- 
trict schools and academies of his native state. He began earning his liveli- 
hood by teaching school, and was only called from these duties by the 
breaking out of the Civil war. More than once dining his experience as 
teacher when he was a beardless youth, the "big boys" menaced him and 
threatened to "put him out." as was not unfrequently the manner of treating 
district school teachers in those days; but young Robinson was not to be 
handled in that way easily. The light in him was such a manifest quality 
and quantity that no combine in school dared lay hands on him; the result 
was the big boys always came to be his staunch friends. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 223 

At the call of Father Abraham for three hundred thousand more, his 
school closed and he enlisted in Company D, Seventh Minnesota Volunteers ; 
his first service being against the Indians in Dakota under General II. II. 
Sibley, his post being Fort Abercrombie, North Dakota. He was chosen 
first sergeant of his company at its organization, and after this campaign 
with the Indians he was ordered to St. Louis. Missouri, where he was pro- 
moted to be second lieutenant and was transferred to Company D, Sixty- 
second United States Colored Infantry. The company soon proceeded to 
New Orleans, where it was stationed several months, and was then sent to 
Brazos Santiago, Texas. Here Mr. Robinson was made first lieutenant and 
was transferred to Company I, was detailed for special service and had com- 
mand of a detachment of the First Texas Cavalry, and was also appointed 
aide on the staff of General B. B. Brown. Marching from Brazos Santiago 
to Brownville, they had the honor of fighting the last battle of the war. 
Peace had been declared but the news had not reached them; they were re- 
pulsed in the engagement, and Captain Robinson remarks the historical 
coincidence that the Union forces were defeated in the first and Inst battles 
of the war. 

After the war he was on special duty as provost marshal of the parish 
of West Feliciana, Louisiana, and he served a term as superintendent of 
freedmen. While there he made the acquaintance of several southern gen- 
tlemen, and after his term of service expired he entered into an arrangement 
with two of them to try the experiment of raising cotton with white labor. 
He went north and procured the men and was the first to make the attempt, 
but he was only partially successful, and after a year abandoned the project. 
Returning north to Rockford, Illinois, and after visiting a sister there, he 
decided to enter Oberlin College and study theology, with a view to making 
the ministry a profession. He was married about this time, and after study- 
ig for two terms gave up his former intention and settled on a farm near 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, with the hope that he could here regain bis impaired 
health. He organized a milk dairy and supplied milk to the city. For five 
years through summer and winter, rain and sun. he delivered milk once and. 
sometimes, twice a day, Sundays not excepted, and his gilded milk wagon 
driven by a pair of fine horses was a regular and familiar sight in the streets 
of the city. He met with decided success in this enterprise and, best of all. 
measurably recovered his health. He next moved to Farmington, Min- 
nesota, where in 1877 he engaged in a general merchandise business and 
continued three years. In 1882 he moved into the valley of the Sheyenne, 
North Dakota, where he became one of the founders of the town of Mardell. 
For three years he kept the hotel there and was the postmaster of the town. 
Returning to Minnesota, he conducted a boarding house in St. Paul for three 
years and then went to Tower City, North Dakota, where for two years he 
was proprietor of the Park hotel. The year 1889 is the date of his coming 
to Centralia, and here he furnished and conducted the new and line Park 
hotel for five years and made it the mosl popular house between Portland 
and the Sound. In 1894 he sold out, and, retiring to his small farm of 
twenty-five acres, he now gives hi- time, chiefly, to raising fruit and blooded 
stock, where he finds plenty of recreation and qi ifort, which he cer- 

tainly richly deserves as a fitting secmel to his long and useful life. 



224 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

One day, about the close of the war, there came a pleasant surprise to 
him. It was in the form of a brevet captainship, for gallant and meritorious 
services during the war. He married Miss Adelia M. Moore, of Adrian, 
Michigan, a most worthy and popular young woman, the daughter of Alonzo 
Moore. Two daughters and a son were born to them. Their only living 
child, Anne Cumings Robinson, resides with them, and their home life is 
delightful. The Captain insists that bis successes in life are largely due to 
the arts and industries and loyalty of bis wife, who is a woman beloved by 
all who know her, and whose home is a model of neatness and convenience, 
where kindred and friends find royal entertainment. Though notably non- 
sectarian, the family are all Congregationalists. The Captain is a staunch 
Republican and is commander of T. P. Price Post No. 82, G. A. R. 

While now in his seventy-second yoar he retains in a remarkable degree 
bis youthful and vivacious character, and is one of those sunny veterans of 
the Civil war whose ranks have been decimated by the hurrying steps of 
time, and who still remind men of the greatest struggle for human liberty 
the world has ever known. 

HON. GEORGE B. KANDLE. 

As one views the mighty machine of steel drawing the moving palaces 
which are the finest product of the railroad builder's art and speeding swiftly 
across the vast prairies of the west, it is almost impossible to conceive a pic- 
ture of its predecessor of the middle of the past century, the " prairie schooner." 
When the impatient traveler of to-day chafes at what he thinks the slow prog- 
ress of his limited express he might derive considerable comfort from the 
calling to mind of that awkward covered wagon, as it is drawn by the patient 
oxen or horses across the plains that were often the haunts of the wild beast 
or the more cruel Indian. But all honor is due that pioneer vehicle, for it 
carried the men who blazed the way for the march of the grand twentieth 
century's civilization, ami men who have made the wild west one of the most 
productive countries of the world. Hon. George B. Kandle has especial 
reason to be proud of this early means of transportation, for although he 
was not born in one of these " schooners," he was still in bis swaddling clothes 
as he came across the prairies to his new home in the west. 

His father was Henry Kandle. and bis mother's maiden name was Mar- 
garet Hill. The former was born in Salem, New Jersey, and moved to 
Indiana at a very early day, being, in fact, one of the pioneers of that state. 
He made that bis home until the fall of 1S50, when he arranged with a num- 
ber of others to make the long trip across the plains, the west at that time 
being the Mecca for many enterprising and adventurous men. The band 
fust made for a point 011 the Missouri river near St. Joseph, and remained 
there during the winter. In the following sprint; the party started on that 
long pilgrimage, over the rough land of eastern Kansas until the gradual 
and level ascent to the Rockies was reached, then on through all the varie- 
gated scenery till what was then the village of Portland, Oregon, came in 
view, where they passed the winter of 1851-52; and early the next year they 
made their final stage of the journey to Washington. Mr. Kandle lived on 





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HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 225 

farms in Thurston and Pierce counties except for the last few years of his life, 
which he passed in Tacoma. He died October 12, 1892. His wife was born 
in county Down, Ireland, and died here two years before her husband. 

It was while the company of emigrants were spending the winter of 
185 1 near St. Joseph, Missouri, that the son George B. was born, and he 
was in his mother's arms throughout most of the trip to this state. He was 
reared on his father's farm, but at the age of nineteen he left home and se- 
cured employment in a drug store at Steilacoom and later in a general mer- 
chandise store, remaining a little over a year. At that time the firm which 
employed him established a store at old Tacoma and placed young Kandle 
in charge. In November, 1872, Mr. Kandle was nominated and elected coun- 
ty auditor, which office he filled for eight years, being elected four successive 
times ; his last term expired soon after the county seat was moved from 
Steilacoom to Tacoma. His next venture was real estate and insurance in 
Tacoma, and he also became a member of the city council. In 1889 he was 
elected a member of the first legislature of the new state of Washington, 
and served a two-year term, at the same time carrying on his real estate busi- 
ness. And during this time, in 1890, he was elected mayor of Tacoma at the 
time the new city charter was adopted, and he held that office until April, 1892. 
He continued dealing in real estate until -r.808, when he was elected a member 
of the board of county commissioners of -Pierce county for a term of two 
years, and at the expiration of this term was re-elected for a four-year term, 
of which he still has two; years to serve. , 

Mr. Kandle has been identified .in •various ways with the public inter- 
ests of the state. For the three years from 1877 to 1879 he was one of the 
trustees of the insane asylum of the territory, and is now. by appointment of 
Governor McBride. one of the Washington commissioners for the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition to be held in St. Louis in 1904. He still owns the old 
homestead, a fine farm of seven hundred acres, which is situated in township 
18, Pierce county, twenty miles south of Tacoma. Mr. Kandle was married 
in Pierce county in 1875 to Miss Mary C. Guess, who was born in Pierce coun- 
ty, her parents' having crossed the plains in 1853. Mr. Kandle now resides 
with his wife and two daughters, Leona Maud and Lottie Iola, in their home, 
corner North Fifth and I streets, Tacoma. 

JOSHUA MARTIN WIESTLING. 

Joshua Martin Wiestling has been a resident of Seattle, Washington, 
fourteen years, and during that time has done much to foster the growth 
and promote the best interests of the city. Mr. Wiestling is a native of the 
Keystone state. He was born at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. October 5, 1837. 
His grandfather Wiestling came to this country from Saxony early in the 
nineteenth century and located in Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, where his 
son, Joshua Martin, the father of our subject, was born, and where he was for 
many years engaged in the practice of medicine. The early history of the 
Wiestlings shows" them to have been a family of physicians. Dr. Joshua 
Martin Wiestling died in 1854. His wife, Catherine (Youce) Wiestling, 
also was a native of Dauphin county, and she, too, died in 1854. She was 



22(1 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

of German origin and belonged to a family that settled in this country at a 
very early period, some of her ancestors having served in the Revolutionary 
war. Dr. J. M. and Catherine Wiestling were the parents of eight children, 
three of whom, a son and two daughters, are yet living, the latter being resi- 
dents of Pennsylvania, Mary Ellen, widow of Colonel T. T. Worth, and 
Julia A., wife of C. Penrose Sherk. 

Joshua Martin Wiestling was educated in the public schools, the Har- 
risburg Academy, the Cumberland Valley Institute and Franklin and Mar- 
shall College of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, receiving the degree of A. B. from 
the last named institution in 1857 and subsequently the degree of A. M. He 
studied law at Harrisburg under the instruction of Hon. A. J. Herr, a prom- 
inent lawyer and legislator of that state, and was admitted to the Dauphin 
county bar in 1859, and soon afterward to the supreme court of the state. 
Shortly after he entered upon the practice of law he was made register in 
bankruptcy for the Fourteenth congressional district, appointed by Chief 
Justice Chase, and after serving one year resigned to accept the office of 
district attorney, to which he was elected by the Republican party; was re- 
elected for another term, and served in all six years. He continued to prac- 
tice law in Harrisburg until 1889, when he came to Washington. Previous 
to his coming west Mr. Wiesling was unanimously placed in nomination for 
Congress by his own county, Dauphin, but withdrew in favor of a candidate 
in another county of the district. 

It was on May 2, 1889, that Mr. Wiestling landed in Seattle, and from 
that date to the present he has been engaged in the practice of law here, 
having gained and maintained a prominent position among the leading mem- 
bers of the legal profession in Seattle. He is a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce. He brought with him to the west his interest and activity in 
politics, and has frequently been a delegate to county and state conventions. 
However, while he has always been a prominent factor in matters political 
and is looked upon as a leader, he is not an office-seeker. 

Mr. Wiestling has an honorable war record. In the summer of 1862 
he enlisted in Company D, One Hundred and Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, and went into the service as a second lieutenant, afterward being 
promoted to the rank of first lieutenant. He was with the Army of the Po- 
tomac in Virginia, under command of General McClellan ; and was in an 
emergency service at the time the battle of Gettysburg was fought. On 
account of sickness contracted during his period of service, he was unfit for 
further duty, and in 1863 was honorably discharged. He is an active mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic and is past commander of Stephens 
Post No. 1 at Seattle, and is also a member of the Loyal Legion, department 
of Washington. 

In early life Mr. Wiestling was initiated into the mysteries of Masonry 
and took an active part in the work of that order. He is a past master of 
the lodge to which lie belonged in Pennsylvania. He and bis family are 
members of St. Mark's Episcopal church, Seattle. 

Mr. Wiestling was married June 2, 1864, to Miss Georgiana B. Hoover, 
at Gettysburg. Pennsylvania, ami fur nearly four decades she shared the joys 
ami sorrows of life with him. She passed away June 15, 1902. .Mrs. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 227 

Wiestling was a native of Pennsylvania and a daughter of John and Sophia 
Hoover. The Hoovers were an old and highly respected family, of German 
and English origin, and they were represented in the Revolutionary war. 
Mr. Wiestling has a son and two daughters, namely, Frank Beecher and 
Georgiana and Virginia, all residents of Seattle. 

Frank Beecher Wiestling was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, April 
5, 1865. His education was received in an academy in his native city; 
Shortlidge's Academy, Media, Pennsylvania; and Harvard University, where 
he graduated in June, 1887, wi tn l ' ie degree of A. B. He accompanied his 
father to Seattle in 1889, studied law under his tutorship, and has been en- 
gaged in practice with him since the fall of the year of their arrival here. 
Like his father, he is prominent and active in politics and has served as dele- 
gate to the city, county and state conventions of the Republican party. He 
was married in Tacoma. April 19, 1893, to Annie Edmunds, a native of 
England and an adopted daughter of Mr. Van Ogle, of Tacoma, Washing- 
ton. They have two children, Dorothy and Annette. Mr. Wiestling is a 
member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen; past chancellor com- 
mander of the Knights of Pythias; and is a member of the Harvard Hasty 
Pudding Club and Alpha chapter, Delta Kappa Epsilon. He worships at 
Trinity Episcopal church. 

THE OLYMPIA DAILY RECORDER. 

The Olympia Daily Recorder, as a representative of the interests of 
Olympia and the surrounding country, made its initial appearance to the public 
in December, 189 1, and has since journeyed steadily along the journalistic 
path, and, as every well conducted newspaper may act in a community, exerts 
a great power for good and development along proper lines in this prosperous 
section of the west. Its daily edition was begun in May, 189-'. and it appears 
in the evening a seven-column folio, devoted to Republican politics and local 
news and press dispatches. Its subscription price is fifteen cents per week, 
or fiftv cents per month delivered by the carrier. It is issued by the Recorder 
Publishing Company, which is owned by S. A. Perkins, publisher of the 
Tacoma Daily Ledger, the Tacoma Daily News, Everett Daily Herald, Aber- 
deen Daily Bulletin and Fairhaven Daily Herald, all Associated Press dailies. 
John P. Fink is the business manager, and at the head of the editorial stall 
is F. G. Deckebach, men under whose direction the Recorder has gained 
the reputation of being one of the leading papers of the state of Washington. 

THE WASHINGTON STANDARD. 

The career of many ambitious journals is marked by a rising and falling 
line of prosperity, and their course is anything hut a smooth lally 

there are numerous editors and business managers, and sometimes, notwith- 
standing all their heroic efforts, the publication is swallowed in the vortex 
of journalistic adversities. There is a marked contrast to tin. -tat.- oi affan 
in the history of the paper which is now to he described, and. mMead, an 
almost phenomena] record of over forty years' uninterrupted success, he- 



228 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ginning with the pioneer days of Washington, giving to and receiving en- 
couragement from the wonderful development of the extreme northwest, is 
the due of the Washington Standard of Olympia. On the 17th of November, 
i860, the inhabitants of Olympia and the vicinity received the news of Abra- 
ham Lincoln's election to the presidency of the nation through the columns 
of the maiden sheet with the ambitious title of "The Washington Standard." 
The proprietor and editor of this venturesome paper was a young man by 
the name of John Miller Murphy, and mainly to his honor is owing the fact 
that the Standard has never missed an issue since that "red letter" day of it? 
advent into the world. At first it was a six-column, four-page folio, but 
in the forty-two years of its existence it has grown to be an eight-column 
folio, and during all this time it has been under the control of Mr. Murphy 
with the exception of the year 1870, when Beriah Brown was admitted as 
associate editor. It has been the organ of the Democratic party, but during 
the Civil war it very properly supported the Union cause and the adminis- 
tration ; Mr. Murphy had joined the Union League and took the commendable 
course that in the great civil danger that threatened national union there should 
be no parties or factional spirit, thus being of great service to the government 
in his section. Mr. Murphy has in later years admitted his sons, Henry M. 
and Frank, to partnership in the enterprise, and the paper is now conducted 
under their control. As the life of its founder and editor is largely a history 
of the paper, and is of special interest because of his identification with the 
growth and progress of Olympia, a brief account of Mr. Murphy's career 
will be in place at this point. 

Mr. Murphy is of Irish descent on his father's side, while his mother 
came from Teutonic stock. John Murphy, born in Ireland, came to the 
United States when young and settled in Indiana about the year 1S30. He 
was a millwright by trade, and many of the mills erected in that state in 
that early period were the products of his skill. He was married in Indiana 
to Mrs. Susan Miller, and she died in 1846, while it is supposed that he lost 
his life in the war of the rebellion. Only two children were born of this 
marriage, and the daughter became the wife of George A. Barnes, of Olym- 
pia, but she is now deceased. 

John Miller Murphy was born near Fort Wayne, Indiana, November 3, 
1839, and in 1850, at the age of eleven, he crossed the plains with his married 
sister to Oregon. They passed the winter in Portland, and he attended the 
first school taught in that city. In the following year they came to Olympia, 
at that time a scattered village on the shores of the Sound, and young Murphy 
was one of the scholars" in the first school taught there. His brother-in-law, 
Mr. Barnes, had a general merchandise store in the town, and the first work 
in which John engaged was as a clerk in this establishment. He held this 
position until 1856, in which year he went to Portland and learned the trade 
of printer in the offices of the Times and the Democratic Standard. When 
he was twenty-one years of age, in June, i860, he went to Vancouver, and 
with another gentleman started the Vancouver Chronicle, but after a few 
months he sold out to his partner and came to Olympia, where he was the 
founder of the Standard. In [865 he built at the corner of Second and Wash- 
ington streets the structure in which the paper has been located ever since. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 229 

In 1863 he was appointed public printer and served in this capacity during 
one session of the territorial legislature. 

Mr. Murphy has had a varied and active public career. He was auditor 
for Washington territory from 1867 to 1870. In 1873-4 he filled the same 
office, and in 1868 was appointed to the same office, which he held till the 
admission of the territory to statehood. He was cx-ofHcio quartermaster. 
For eight years he was a member of the city council, and was county super- 
intendent of schools for one term; he was also one of the organizers of the 
fire department and acted as its secretary and president for several terms. 
Mr. Murphy is an ardent supporter of the cause of woman suffrage, and for 
fourteen years he advocated those principles through the columns of his 
paper. A bill was finally passed in the legislature, and the women of Wash- 
ington came into their rights, but four years later the law was declared un- 
constitutional on account of a technical flaw in the title. He has always 
attended the conventions of his party and has been a very efficient worker. 
In 1N90 he evidenced his public spirit by the erection of a theatre costing 
thirty thousand dollars, which is elegant and modern in its equipment and has 
a seating capacity of one thousand. He has also been the city bill poster 
for a number of years, and is a member of the Pacific Coast and the National 
Billposters' Associations. 

In 1862 Mr. Murphy was married in Portland to Miss Eliza J. McGuire, 
who was born in Brighton, Iowa, in 1842, and they became the parents of 
eight children: Henry M.; Winifred, now Mrs. William Harris; Estella, 
the widow of Charles Carroll; Frank and Charles; and Annie, Bertha and 
Rosa Pearl, the three latter now deceased. All his children have learned the 
printer's business of their father, and the two sons who are in partnership with 
him are expert in that line. After thirty-three years of happy married life, 
Mrs. Murphy died, on November 3, 1895, deeply mourned by the family to 
whom she had been so faithful and so kind. In May, 1896. Mr. Murphy mar- 
ried Mrs. Susan C. Sprague, the daughter of Charles Craigbill, of Santa 
Cruz, California. 

EDWIN A. STROUT. 

Edwin A. Strout, of Seattle, is one of the business men who have helped 
to build up the chief industries of this section of the country, lie early 
had the business foresight to realize Seattle's future growth and importance, 
and, acting in accordance with the dictates of his faith and judgment, he 
has prospered with the growth of Seattle and the state of Washington. He 
is now connected with many extensive and important business interests. At 
the present time he is secretary of the Brick Exchange, representing nearly all 
of the brick manufacturing interests of this section; secretary and a large 
owner in the Seattle Brick & Tile Company; vice president of the Scattlv 
Ice Company; and senior member of the firm of E. A. Strout & Company, 
fire, marine and liability insurance agents. His business interests are ex- 
tensive and such as demand his active attention. 

Mr. Strout is a native of New Hampshire, having been born at Conway. 
July 26, 1862. His father, Bennett P. Strout, was born in Maine and led 



230 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

an active business life until about fifteen years ago, when he retired from 
business and went to Philadelphia, where he now lives. During the greater 
part of his business career he remained in New Hampshire. He has now 
attained the age of eighty-three years and is still active and well. In public 
affairs he has been an active worker. He served as county commissioner and 
in other local official positions, and for several years was a member of the 
New Hampshire house of representatives. While living in Maine he was 
united in marriage to Abbie Woodruff, daughter of Erastus Woodruff, of 
Lyndon, Vermont. They bad two children, the elder being Charles H., a 
resident of Philadelphia and proprietor of St. Luke's School for boys. On 
both sides of the family the ancestry can be traced back in this country to the 
seventeenth century. The father is a descendant of John Strout, who came 
to Boston, Massachusetts, in 1630, from England. On the Woodruff side 
the lineage runs back to 1664, when Matthew Woodruff came from England 
and was one of the original eighty-four settlers of Farmington, Connecticut. 
Edwin A. Strout received a portion of his education in Conway. New 
Hampshire, ami he afterward became a student in an academy at Wolfboro, 
in the graded schools at Dover and in the business college at Manchester, 
New Hampshire. In 1879 he entered upon his active business career, be- 
coming connected with the subsistence department of the army. He was 
first sent to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where he remained for some months, 
acting as clerk for his uncle, Captain C. A. Woodruff, commissary of sub- 
sistence, United States army. From there he went to Santa Fe, New Mexico, 
where he acted as chief clerk for Captain Woodruff until the fall of 1884. 
During this time he saw a great deal of active service in the Apache Indian 
troubles of that period. In 1884 he came with Captain Woodruff to Van- 
couver Barracks, Washington, where he was stationed until he came to Seattle. 
In 1885 he made up his mind to engage in business for himself, and with 
this end in view investigated the prospects offered in the various cities of 
Oregon and Washington, making a trip in that year to Tacoma and Seattle. 
Deciding that Seattle offered the best prospects for a young man, he came 
to that city in January, 1887. He then organized the Puget Sound Ice Com- 
pany for the manufacture of artificial ice, and erected a plant at West and 
Seneca streets, in the spring of 1887. This was the first ice plant ever 
operated on Puget Sound. He was connected with this company until the 
plant was destroyed in the great conflagration of 1889. He then assisted in 
the organization of the Seattle Ice and Refrigerator Company, which erected 
a large plant at Yesler. This company was later changed to the Seattle 
Ice Company, ami the plant was removed to its present location in this city. 
In 1889 Mr. Strout was one of the organizers of the Washington Territory 
Investment Company, was elected its first vice president, and later was made 
president. This company bought the lot on the northwest corner of Second 
avenue and Cherry street, and erected, in 1889-90, the building now known 
as the Post-Intelligencer Building. Mr. Strout retained the management 
of this building until it was sold in 1902. In 1888 he was associated with 
George H. Heilbron in the organization of the Seattle Brick & Tile Com- 
pany and has acted as its secretary continuously since that time. These enter- 
prises have furnished employment to a large number of men and have con- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 23] 

Iributed greatly to Mr. Strout's success as well as aiding in the upbuilding 
of Seattle. 

At Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1889, Mr. Strout was united in mar- 
riage to Cora Taylor, a (laughter of Colonel Frank Taylor, of the United 
States army, and they have two children, Edwin A. and Helen. In 1884 he 
erected his residence on Marion street, between Summit and Boylston ave- 
nues. In politics he is a Republican. He is a member of St. Mark's Episcopal 
church, and of Mt. Hood Lodge No. 32, F. & A. M. He has always taken a 
prominent part in the social and club life of Seattle, being one of the organ- 
izers of the Rainier Club, Country Club, and Golf and Country Club. 

thomas w. Mcdonald. 

Thomas \Y. McDonald, who is serving as treasurer of Mason county 
and is a leading representative of agricultural and stock-raising interests 
of this portion of the state, was born in Kamilche, Washington, on the 19th 
of June, 1 87 1, and is of Scotch ancestry. His grandfather, Angus Mc- 
Donald, was born Ln the highlands of Scotland and when a young man 
crossed the Atlantic to the new world, settling in Canada, where he engaged 
in lumbering. He spent his remaining days there, and died in the seventy- 
sixth year of his age. His son, Thomas W. McDonald, the father of our 
subject, was born in Canada, and in the days of the early gold excitement 
in California went to that state. He also went to the scene of the Cariboo 
mining excitement, after which he settled in Mason county, Washington, 
where he wedded Mrs. Mary E. Elder. She had four children by her first 
marriage, and to the second marriage there were horn live children. 
Mr. McDonald followed farming in this state, and became quite prominent 
in public affairs. He served as county commissioner and was a valued mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and of the Masonic Fraternity. 
Everywhere known he was regarded as a reliable and worthy citizen, whose 
loss was deeply regretted throughout the community in which he made his 
home. He died in 1876. at the age of forty-eight years, and was laid to rest 
in the Odd Fellows' cemetery in Olympia. His widow still survives him in 
the sixty-seventh year of her age, and resides on the farm in Kamilche. The 
eldest son, Angus R., is a farmer of Mason county, and another brother, 
Ronald R., is a merchant at Kamilche. 

In the public schools of his native place Mr. McDonald was educated 
and upon the home farm he was reared. He has always followed farming, 
having an interest in five hundred and twenty acres in Mason county, on 
which he is engaged in general farming and in the raising of shorthorn cattle. 
He thoroughly understands both branches of his business, and hi- capable 
control of his interests has made his farming operations profitable. Mr. Mc- 
Donald has been a life-long Republican, and was elected treasurer of the 
county ou the 6th of November, 1900. He is now acceptably tilling that 
position of honor and trust, and is always a loyal and progressive citizen. 

On the 23rd of December, 1900, Mr. McDonald was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Emma L. Taylor, a native daughter of Washington, who was 
born in Lilliwaup, Mason county, and a daughter of W. S. and Eliza ( Purdy) 



232 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Taylor. Mr. and Mrs. McDonald now have one son, Thomas W., Jr. Our 
subject is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and has 
passed all the chairs in both branches of the order, while in the grand lodge 
he has represented the subordinate lodge. He is also connected with the 
Woodmen of the World, and is a worthy and reliable business man and 
trustworthy official, a credit to the state of his nativity. 

JUDGE FREMONT CAMPBELL. 

One can hardly judge the real life of an individual from the events which 
are patent to the world. In the majority of cases the important decisions, 
the knotty problems and perplexing difficulties, which have influenced the 
whole life and have often, though many times unknown to the actor him- 
self, been the turning point of his career, all these things, though so necessary 
to the thorough understanding of the history of the man, are often unre- 
vealed and remain forever hidden in the depths of semi-consciousness. But 
though the biographer is thus handicapped at arriving at the original sources, 
he is still able to infer from the most palpable events the results of the inner 
life, and judge in the limited and mortal way man's value to society and the 
world. So, in the case of the subject at hand, it is our intention to set forth 
briefly the life and its fruits and allow the reader to determine the meed of 
honor which is fit to be bestowed. 

Judge Alexander Campbell was born eighty-three years ago on Prince 
Edward Island. He came to the United States in 1853. As one would sur- 
mise from the name, the family is of Scotch stock. He was a resident of 
Madison, Wisconsin, for a number of years, and while there was chosen a 
member of the legislature. He afterwards moved to Iowa and was one of 
the prominent lawyers of the state, and also district judge for the long period 
of eighteen years. About ten years ago he retired from public life and is 
now living quietly in Tacoma, being at the advanced age of ' eighty-three 
His wife was also born on Prince Edward Island, and her maiden name 
was Jennie McKenzie. She died in Tacoma in 1901. 

These worthy people were the parents of Fremont Campbell, who was 
born October 10, 1857, while his father resided in Madison, Wisconsin. 
Two of his older brothers, James and Robert, were soldiers in the Civil war, 
but Fremont was hardly old enough to understand the wild clamor of war at 
the time. He had the advantages of an excellent education at the Wisconsin 
University at Madison and graduated in 1873. He pursued a law course in 
the same institution for the next two years, and then entered the office of 
Major John Taft, where he delved into the realms of legal lore for two more 
years. The aspiring young lawyer sought his first field of endeavor in the 
west, going to Belmont, Nevada, and was admitted to the bar by the supreme 
court at Carson City in 1878. He made his arrival in the city of Tacoma 
on July 4, 1880, and at once began his practice here. Three years later he 
was elected prosecuting attorney of Pierce county and served two terms 
of two years each, and after engaging in private practice for two years he was 
re-elected in 1889. He filled the office only one year, and was then appointed 
by Governor iferry judge of the superior court of Pierce county to fill out an 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 233 

unexpired term. In 1892 he was regularly elected to this office, but in 1894 
resumed his private practice and continued it very successfully for five years, 
at the end of which time he was again called to take up the duties of public 
office and fill out the term of George W. Walker, prosecuting attorney. In 
1900 he was elected to this position for two years and in the fall of 1902 
was candidate for re-election and was re-elected. He has always been before 
the people as a candidate of the Republican party, in whose principles he is 
a firm believer. 

Judge Campbell has also served his adopted city in the capacity of school 
director for nine years, and was city assessor in 1888. He was one of the 
incorporators of the Tacoma and Lake City Railroad Company, which built 
a railroad from Tacoma to American Lake in 1889, and he was the general 
manager of the road until it was sold to the Union Pacific. Such a record 
of public activity is striking proof of Mr. Campbell's personal popularity and 
eminent fitness as a leader of men. and much more may be expected from this 
brilliant man who has hardly reached the zenith of life's powers. Judge 
Campbell was married at Tacoma in 1884, Miss Grace L. Reynolds becoming 
his wife. Thev have seven children, Clarence A., Fremont C, Mercedes I., 
Veva C, Ray Maurice, Walter M. and Dewey M., a daughter. 

ALBERT J. MUNSON. 

In dealing with the biographies of those men of action who now and 
for some years past have been engaged in making Washington, the sketch 
writer is seldom called on to chronicle the birth of any of his subjects in the 
state. Nine out of ten, perhaps it would be better to say ninety-nine out of 
a hundred, are from other parts of the Union, and most of them have not 
been here more than fifteen or twenty years. But there are exceptions to this 
as to all other rules, and we are now to learn something of a gentleman who, 
as also his wife, is a native-born Washingtonian. This statement necessarily 
involves another to the effect that the parents of Mr. and Mrs. Munson 
were pioneers to the Puget Sound region at a period so remote as to make 
them exceptionally early settlers, and it is probable that few others now resident 
in the state antedate their arrival. They left Boston, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 15, 1858, arrived at Port Townsend, Washington, Marches, 185*). 
Connected with the story of these parties is a pretty romance, which would 
seem to indicate that "the course of true love" does occasionally run smooth. 
It also proves that there is no situation in this world so conducive to love- 
making as confinement in a sailing vessel for one of those long voyages of 
many months' duration, so common before the age of steam navigation. It 
was a situation similar to this which caused the celebrated Warren Hastings 
to fall in love — but unfortunately with another man's wife — on one of those 
tedious voyages to India, of which he was then governor general. There 
might be many other citations to the same effect, but this narrative is con- 
fined to a young couple whose career had a direct bearing upon that of the 
subject of our sketch, inasmuch as they became bis father and mother. 

One day in the year 1858, a sailing vessel was getting ready to depart 
from the coast of Maine to the distant land "where rolls the Oregon." Such 



234 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

a journey at that time was sufficient to appall the stoutest heart, and espe- 
cially full of terrors for any one inclined to seasickness. It was not only long 
in days, weeks and months, but accommodations were always bad on those 
sailing vessels, with their narrow quarters, insufficient food, poor water, but 
above all the wearisome monotony and wearing tedium which arise from 
having nothing to do or doing the same thing over and over again. They 
were to go from the extreme northeastern to the extreme northwestern end 
of the Union, which in a direct line is far from a short distance, but to reach 
which by water requires a sail down the entire Atlantic of both American 
continents and, after doubling the stormy Horn, a repetition of the experience 
along the Pacific shore until the turn to the right is made through the Straits 
of Fuca. The sailing vessel in question was named the Toando, commanded 
by Captain G. D. Keller, and his second mate was Josiah Hill Munson, a 
young man of East Machias, Maine, who at that time was just twenty-nine 
years of age. But by far the most interesting occupant of the Toando was 
Miss Emily Keller, daughter of Captain G. D. Keller, who was making this 
■rip with her father. Her father, step-mother and all her brothers and sisters 
were on board, also sister of J. H. Munson, the wife of Captain A. W. Keller, 
the first mate. The voyage had not continued long until the second mate 
and Miss Emily were on very good terms with each other, and it was not 
strange that the daily intercourse for months ripened into something stronger 
than friendship. Long before the good ship Toando had touched the placid 
waters of the Sound a couple of her occupants were much in love with each 
other, and were married in Port Townsend, April 5, 1859. They settled 
down to lives of usefulness in the then sparsely settled territory of Wash- 
ington. Captain Munson, as he was afterward called, rose to positions of 
prominence and influence both in political and business circles, and was long 
regarded as one of the leading men in this section. He was selected territorial 
treasurer by the Republican party, of which he was an influential member, 
was later appointed state librarian and for twelve years was postmaster at 
Olympia, and county treasurer of Thurston county for ten years. Mean- 
time he engaged with success in mercantile pursuits, was influential in Masonic 
circles, and altogether was one of the most notable and esteemed of the state's 
early pioneer citizens. Captain A. W. Keller, first mate of the Toando, and 
son of the captain, G. D. Keller, revered and esteemed by all, now enjoys 
the reputation of being one of the oldest, if not at the very head of the list, 
of the state's veteran sea captains. J. H. Munson died in Seattle, Wash- 
ington, April 11, 1903, and the following are some extracts from the local 
paper concerning that event : 

When Captain Josiah H. Munson died at the Seattle General Hospital, 
Saturday night, another of those hardy seafaring men from the coast of 
Maine, who have done much for upbuilding of the Northwest territory, passed 
away. Captain Munson landed at Port Townsend in 1859, anc ^ ever si nce 
that time he lived in the territory and state of Washington. 

Captain Munson was a good friend to Henry L. Yesler, and the latter 
offered the young man a block in the then sawmill town of Seattle, if he 
would move here, but Steilacoom seemed to have brighter prospects, and Mr. 
Munson stayed there. He could have taken up a homestead where this city 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 235 

now stands, along with A. A. Denny, Maynard, Bell and others, but he pre- 
ferred to go to Olympia. 

In the early territorial days Captain Munson was quite a prominent char- 
acter in politics. He was treasurer and librarian of the territory; was post- 
master of Olympia for twelve years, and was treasurer of Thurston county 
for twelve years. During the Indian troubles Mr. Munson was postmaster, 
and did not take part in the war, except to help guard Olympia from attack. 
He did not take the field against the redskins. 

In 1889, the year Washington was admitted as a state, Captain Munson 
moved to Seattle, and made this city his borne from that time until bis death. 
After his removal from the capital Captain Munson did not take an active 
part in politics, and he and his wife made their home with their two sons out 
on the shores of Lake Washington. 

Captain Munson was a member of Harmony Lodge No. 1, of Masons, 
at Olympia, but owing to the short notice of the funeral arrangements it is 
not likely that the Masons will officiate. 

Captain Munson and wife reared a family of seven children in Wash- 
ington. The eldest is Mrs. U. R. Grant, now living in Alameda. Her first 
husband was Lincoln P. Ferry, son of Governor Ferry. Mrs. J. D. Van 
Buren, another daughter, is also living in Alameda. A. J. Munson is post- 
master at Shelton, and L. K. and Fred are also residents of Sbelton. Charles 
H. is captain, and J. K. Munson is engineer of the steamer Emily Keller, the 
boat being named for their mother. 

Albert J. Munson, one of the seven children of his parents, was burn 
at Seilacoom. in Pierce county, Washington, November 12. 1862, and was 
educated in the public schools of Olympia. After finishing his studies be 
engaged in merchandising at the state capital, and so continued until 1889, 
when he came to Shelton and opened a hardware store. Aside from business 
he became active in politics, and has enjoyed a career of some prominence 
in that line as one of the local Republican leaders. He has served as city 
treasurer, as a member of the city council six years, and for six years was 
school director. Eventually be was appointed postmaster of Shelton, in 
which position be was serving at the time of the preparation of this memoir, 
and as a side line keeps for sale a stock of notions and sundries in the build- 
ing occupied as an office. 

On the 21st of October, 1888, Mr. Munson was united in marriage with 
Miss Esther D. Bannse, like himself a native of Washington and daughter 
of pioneer parents. Her father, Herman Bannse, crossed the plains as early 
as 18=53 an d settled in Thurston county, which was the birthplace of Mrs. 
Munson, born the 22d of February. 1X07. Mr. and Mrs. Munson have three 
sons, Lester J., Harold E. and Lawrence A., all three of whom were horn in 
Sbelton and are boys of bright promise and future usefulness. Mr. Munson 
is a member of the Woodmen of the World, and has been clerk of thai order 
for the past nine years. Mr. and Mrs. Munson are extensively acquainted 
in Mason and Thurston counties, as well as other parts of the stale, and no 
couple has more or sincerer friends wherever known. 



236 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

COLONEL JOHN W. LINCK. 

Colonel John W. Linck, special agent LTnited States treasury depart- 
ment, Tacoma, and one of the leading men of that city, was born near Madi- 
son, Jefferson county, Indiana, December 7, 1843, ar >d is a son of Frederick 
E. and Esther (Todd) Linck. 

Frederick E. Linck was born at Stuttgart, Wiirtemberg, Germany, a 
member of a prominent family. The brother of Frederick was a King's 
counsel, and a cousin of our subject is a professor in the University of Diep- 
ping, while another cousin, a soldier, was promoted on the field in the Franco- 
Prussian war to the rank of major general, he being distinguished at that 
time as the youngest major general in the Prussian army. Another relative, 
John Linck, was killed in that war, and his name is the first name inscribed 
on a monument at Stuttgart erected to the memory of a number of univer- 
sity students who were killed during this struggle. 

Frederick E. Linck came to the LJnited States when a boy, and located at 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Later he became a pioneer of Indiana, locating on 
a farm near Madison. About 1853 he moved to the town of Madison and 
became a successful and well-to-do contractor, and there died in 1875. 

. Esther Todd, his wife, was born in county Tyrone, Ireland, and came 
to the LTnited States with her parents when a girl, but has been dead several 
years. Her father was a freeholder, a class that rank with the aristocracy in 
that country. Her parents were of Scotch extraction. 

Colonel John W. Linck attended the common schools at Madison, then 
learned the printer's trade, and when the war broke out in 1861, he enlisted 
as a drummer boy in Company K, Thirteenth Indiana Infantry, under Colonel 
(afterward Major General) Sullivan. He was the youngest and smallest 
boy in the regiment, but was naturally strong and never missed a march or 
a fight during his entire service. 

He was in the war a little over three years and his service extended 
through the two Virginias, down the coast through the Carolinas, and into 
Florida. At Charleston, South Carolina, he was engaged in the capture of 
Fort Wagner. Returning north, his regiment was attached to Grant's army, 
and he saw service in the Peninsular campaign, and was present at the siege 
of Petersburg. Among the great battles in which he participated, should be 
mentioned those of Rich Mountain and Cold Harbor. His duties as a drum- 
mer boy of his company not being strenuous enough to satisfy his vigorous 
activity and martial spirit, Mr. Linck devoted his attention to caring for the 
wounded and dead, and often faced great dangers with a heroism which 
was remarkable. Again and again he would emerge from battle covered 
with the blood of the brave dead and wounded, whom he had assisted. In 
recognition of these gallant services, he was made an aide on the staff 
of his regimental commander, Colonel C. J. Dobbs, while fighting was going 
on at Bermuda Hundreds under General Butler. At the close of his services 
the officers of his brigade formulated a letter of commendation, recommend- 
ing him for appointment, as a cadet at West Point. While he was not in a 
position to make practical use of this letter, Colonel Linck treasures it as a 
testimonial to his bravery and the esteem in which he was held by his superior 



HISTORY OF- THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 237 

officers. He was mustered nut at Indianapolis, after which he returned 
home, determined to finish his education, and he therefore entered Asbury 
(now De Pauw) University, at Greencastle, Indiana, where he studied two 
years. He then moved to Glenwood, Iowa, in Mills county, where he taught 
school and began the study of law along with General John Y. Stone, who 
has since then been made attorney general of Iowa, and "was a noted lawyer 
and old soldier. 

Becoming homesick, Colonel Linck returned to Madison, Indiana, fur a 
time, and then, in order to complete his legal studies, he entered the law de- 
partment of Cumberland University, at Lebanon, Tennessee. In 1868 he was 
admitted to the bar at Madison, and there started on a long and successful 
career as a lawyer and politician. At the time of his appointment by Mc- 
Kinley as special agent, he was attorney for the National Branch Bank and 
local attorney for the Pennsylvania Railway Company. 

The first office he held at Madison was that of justice of the peace; then 
he was elected prosecuting attorney; United States commissioner; member 
of the Indiana legislature (three terms) : during the last term he was chair- 
man of the judiciary committee; city attorney; director of the Southern 
Indiana prison; elector on the Garfield ticket, by whom he was appointed 
postmaster at Madison ; and, lastly, mayor of the city. For several years 
he was the owner and editor of the Spirit of the Age, which was carried on 
in connection with his law practice. In 1897 he was a member of the mone- 
tary convention at Indianapolis, Indiana. When President Harrison was 
elected, Colonel Linck received an appointment as special agent of the treasury 
department. His first services in this capacity were at New York city, where 
he was stationed, although only for a few weeks. With Special Agent W. H. 
Williams, he assisted in the inspection of the customs districts throughout 
the middle west. After a location of several months at St. Louis, he was 
transferred to New Orleans, where he remained in charge of that customs 
district for nearly four years. 

During the second Cleveland administration he resumed his law prac- 
tice, but when President McKinley was elected he was again called into the 
service of the treasury department as special agent, and was detailed for 
duty at Tampa, Florida, where he was located nearly a year. In July, 1898, 
Colonel Linck was transferred to Tacoma, and placed in charge of the eigh- 
teenth special agency district, which comprises Washington, Oregon, Idaho 
and Montana, and formerly Alaska. His duties arc of a highly responsible 
nature, and require occasional trips to different parts of his territory. 

In April, 1896, Colonel Linck was married at Madison, Indiana, to Eva 
K. Buchanan, and they have two children, John W. and Eva EC. fraternally 
Colonel Linck belongs to the Grand Army of the Republic, Masonic, Odd 
Fellows and Red Men orders, and is very popular in all. In [879-80 he 
made a tour of Europe, visiting the birthplace of his mother in Ireland and 
his father's in Germany; also Scotland, England, France, Switzerland, Bel- 
gium, Holland, Austria and Italy, and crossed the Mediterranean Sea and 
passed along the coast of Africa and through the Straits of Gibraltar. He 
has become greatly attached to Tacoma, and has invested heavily in real 
estate throughout the city. 



238 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Colonel Linck, which title is one universally given him by courtesy, pos- 
sesses all the winning personal qualities of the old-time gentleman, courteous 
to a marked degree, and, while devoted to his work, he finds time to culti- 
vate his friends, of whom he has countless numbers all over the country. 

CHARLES WOODWORTH. 

Charles Woodworth was born at Adrian, Michigan, in 1850. His father 
was one of the pioneer railroad builders of what was then the "far west," 
who came out from New York state to connect the navigable waters of either 
the Raisin or Maumee rivers, flowing into Lake Erie, with the St. Joe or 
Kalamazoo rivers, flowing into Lake Michigan, thus completing a great traf- 
fic way, by way of the Erie canal, Lake Erie and the railway, with the great 
west, then just entering an era of great development, which culminated in 
the collapse of the "wild cat" banks in 1857. The railroads, however, be- 
came a power, beyond the most ardent dreams of their promoters, but in the 
panic the elder Woodworth was stripped of all his interests, and retired to a 
small farm, where he died many years ago. 

At an early age Charles, who was the eldest son, started out to seek 
his fortune, hiring out first to a farmer, but in less than a month emitting 
the farm and getting a place as train boy, from which beginning he went 
through almost every department of railroading, from brakeman to yard- 
master and from office clerk to attorney, claim agent and confidential assistant 
in the executive department. In the prosperous times following the close 
of the war the young man took a chance at various occupations as well as 
improving his school education, which had necessarily been rather limited 
when a boy. He taught district school, sold fruit trees, held a chair in 
one of the country colleges of the east, and was a crack harvest hand — 
at home anywhere. In the meantime he spent three years in New York, 
where he was a reporter on the Sun, then edited by Charles A. Dana. While 
in New York he made the acquaintance of many of the leading men and 
women of the day, among them Samuel J. Tilden, Commodore Vahderbilt, 
Henry Ward Beecher, Judge Conklin, in whose office he read law, and here 
also he took the law course at Columbia College and was admitted to the bar. 

Born with a natural bent for the west, he could not remain in New 
York, where he had gained a fair business, but returned to the west, locating 
at Bay City, Michigan, where he practiced law for some years, until the 
attractions of the southwest became too strong, and for the next five years 
he was engaged in various enterprises connected with the railroad extension 
in that section of the country. 

In 1887, as the result of a severe illness, he was advised by his physicians 
to come to the Puget Sound country, which place he reached broken in health 
and fortune, having lost everything as a result of the collapse in values in 
that year. Although fortunes were being made at that time in all the Sound 
cities, he had no capital to gain a foothold, and again turned his hand to 
newspaper work. The following year the Morning Globe was started at 
Tacoma by Harry Morgan, then a local politician and keeper of the leading 
gambling house in the city, and a bitter enemy of the editor and proprietor 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 239 

of the Ledger, the established morning paper. On this paper Woodworth 
took the job of reporter, and a short time after secured the talented Colonel 
William Lightfoot Yisscher as editor. Realizing that in order to make the 
paper of any influence in the community it must have a following of the better 
class, they set to work to give the Globe such a standing, in which their 
efforts were so successful that in one year's time the paper had outstripped its 
rival both in circulation and influence, had paid all expenses and first cost, 
and was sold to Colonel Frank C. Ross and Judge Fremont Campbell at an 
advance of ten thousand dollars over its cost. 

After the sale of the paper Air. Woodworth was engaged in various 
projects for the development of the country, but was again caught in the 
panic of 1893. Meantime he bad become interested with Colonel Ross in the 
fight to secure the opening of the Puyallup Indian reservation, adjoining the 
city limits of Tacoma, and the building of a system of railway terminals on 
the harbor, in which they have invested over a quarter million dollars, a 
good part of it in fighting the Indian department of the government. They 
finally succeeded in the opening of the tract, which includes a large area 
suitable for manufacturing and shipping interests. 

Mr. Woodworth is now engaged in the real estate business, paying par- 
ticular attention to the location of manufacturing plants and the sale of lands 
for mill-sites, docks, and water-front property on the tide lands of Tacoma 
harbor, where it is expected the business portion of the city will be centered 
within the next ten years. 

In politics Mr. Woodworth is a Democrat, and for many years took 
an active interest in the affairs of his party. He married Mrs. Helen Bixhy, 
of Rochester, Xew York, who was killed in a railroad accident soon after, 
and some years later married Miss Silsby. of Lockport, New r York, and has 
an interesting family. 

To one who has ventured on all seas, as he has done, constantly smooth 
sailing could hardly be expected, but with a nature quick to grasp oppor- 
tunities, a tireless energy and confidence in the success of his ventures, Mr. 
Woodworth's career ma}' certainly be denominated a successful one. 

CHARLES L. HOLT. 

Charles L. Holt, one of the leading physicians of Whatcom county, 
Washington, and a prominent resident of Whatcom, was born October 13, 
1839, and is a son of Timothy and Catherine G. (Willard) Holt. Timothy 
C. Holt was born in Albany, Maine, and was a farmer by occupation. The 
Holt family originated with three brothers who emigrated from England to 
America during the seventeenth century. One settled at Andover, Massa- 
chusetts, and from him the branch to which our subject belongs descends. 
There is now in chancery an estate in England belonging to the Holt family 
in which vast interests are concerned. The father of Dr. Holt died in 1882, 
aged sixty-seven years. The mother was a native of Watcrford. Maine, and 
she. too, came of good old American stock. Her death occurred in the fall 
of 1856. Dr. Holt has a half-brother. Sidney N. Holt, a farmer of Poland. 
Maine. 



240 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Dr. Charles L. Holt received his early education in the public schools 
of Maine, as well as in a private school and in Maine Wesleyan Seminary, and 
began attending lectures in the medical department of Bowdoin College at 
Brunswick, Maine, but later entered Berkshire Medical College, Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, from which he was graduated in 1864 with the degree of 
M. D. Immediately after graduating he entered into active practice at Poland, 
Maine, but was later compelled on account of failing health to sell his prac- 
tice and retire. Within a year, however, he purchased a practice in Gray, 
Maine, and remained in that locality for two years. Again failing health 
demanded a change, and he sold his practice and bought an interest in a drug 
store in Portland, Maine. After five and one-half years he sold his interest 
and resumed practice in Portland, continuing in it for nine years. In 1889 
he sold it and located at Los Gatos, California, but in two years' time he 
made another change, and in March, 1891. removed to Whatcom, where he 
opened an office and has since then built up a large and very lucrative prac- 
tice. Politically he is a Republican, and has always taken a deep interest 
in party affairs. In the fall of 1862 he enlisted in Company B, Twentieth 
Maine Regiment, but was honorably discharged the following February on 
account of illness. His religious connections are with Trinity Methodist 
church, in which he takes an active part. Fraternally he is a Mason and Good 
Templar, and is very popular in both organizations. 

On January 14, 1865. Dr. Holt married Charlotte L. Small, a daughter 
of John Small, a farmer of Maine. She was born in Raymond, Maine, and 
comes of an old family of that locality. Her mother was a Lawrence, and 
was born and reared in Massachusetts, and both the Smalls and Lawrences 
are very prominent. Two daughters were born to Dr. and Mrs. Holt, namely : 
Nina L., at home; Catherine G., the wife of a Mr. Sutherland, a cabinet- 
maker of Whatcom. 

During a long and useful life Dr. Holt has carried out every obligation, 
is a very successful and able physician, a good citizen, and a most devoted 
husband and father, and no man in Whatcom stands higher in public estima- 
tion and favor than does he. 

NORMAN SYLVESTER McCREADY, M. D. 

Dr. Norman Sylvester McCready was born in New Brunswick, May ti, 
1856. The McCready family is of Scotch origin, and was established in New 
Brunswick at an early day in the settlement of the western hemisphere. Wil- 
liam McCready, the Doctor's father, was born in New Brunswick and fol- 
lowed the occupation of farmer and lumberman. His mother, Eliza J. Town- 
send, was a native of the same country. Her tender and loving disposition 
made her the idol of her home. Their union was blessed with eight sons 
and four daughters: William, Charles. John, Albert, Nelson, Norman, Mar- 
tin, Robert, Elmira, Eliza, Isabella and Mary. His father's death occurred at 
the advanced age of eighty-six years; his mother was eighty-one years at 
the time of her demise. 

Dr. McCready obtained bis preliminary education in the public schools 
of western Ontario. Prior to entering upon his medical career, he was en- 





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THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOfi. LENOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATtOWS 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 2il 

gaged in the dairy and cheese business in Huron county, Ontario. During' 
the year 1885-6 he entered upon his life work in the Toronto School of Med- 
icine. He entered the Detroit College of Medicine in 1887, and was gradu- 
ated from that institution in March, 1889. 

In May, 1889, Dr. McCready arrived in the Sound country and settled 
in Snohomish, where he entered upon the practice of medicine, and has con- 
tinued it up to the present time. He was elected health officer and city phy- 
sician, serving during the years 1892-93. He was elected county physician 
in 1894, serving for one year, and in 1896 was re-elected. In 1898 he was 
elected surgeon of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, and has since 
acted in that capacity, discharging the duties of this position in addition to a 
large private practice. He is particularly skilled in surgical work, and is con- 
tinually broadening his knowledge by reading, investigation and research, 
and keeps abreast with the times in the advancement continually being made 
by the medical profession in methods of practice. 

On the 24th of September, 1890, Dr. McCready was united in marriage 
to Miss Margaret E. Merkley. a native. of Ontario, Canada, and a daughter 
of Charles and Elizabeth Merkley. l«,th"efirfy settlers of Ontario. The mar- 
riage of Dr. McCready and wife- has been dilessed with two children: Nor- 
man Merkley, who is ten years of age; and Irving' Spencer, a youth of seven. 

Mrs. McCready's forte is' her home, over which she presides with the 
easy grace characteristic of the true housewife. She is situated so as to give 
time to social, literary, philanthropic and altruistic work, and is always inter- 
ested in the welfare of the community in -which she lives. She is an ardent 
church worker and devotes much of her time to that object. She is at present 
one of the boarc' of directors of the Washington State Federation of 
Woman's Clubs. She h?s just retired from a term of two years as president 
of one of the most successful chilis in the state, the Cosmopolitan Club of 
Snohomish. 

Dr. McCready has become a member of a number of civic societies whose 
beneficent principles appeal to his kindly nature, and he has ample oppor- 
tunity to practice their teachings in the daily round of his professional du- 
ties. He belongs to Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows ; is a member of the American Medical Association, the Washing- 
ton State Medical Society; International .Association of Railway Surgeons; 
and a member of the American Association of Life Insurance Examining Surg- 
eons, being examiner for the majority of the old-line insurance companies. 
Since coming to Snohomish he has taken an active and helpful interest in the 
growth and development of the city along lines promoting its substantial im- 
provement and permanent good, and he has erected one of the finest business 
blocks here, known as the McCready block. His residence on Avenue R, 
between First and Second streets, is one of the beautiful homes of Snohomish. 
Both the Doctor and his wife are well known here, and are held in high es- 
teem by reason of their sterling worth. 



242 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

CHARLES M. ADAMS. 

Charles M. Adams was born in Prattsburg, New York, on the nth of 
June, i860, his parents being Thomas J. and Margaret M. (Montgomery) 
Adams, both of whom were natives of the Empire state, and descended from 
ancestors who came to the new world when this country was numbered 
among the colonial possessions of Great Britain. They bad two sons and 
a daughter : Charles M. ; Dr. F. D. Adams, who is a dentist of Whatcom ; 
and Hattie, the widow of James Shannon, of New York. 

When about six years of age Charles M. Adams began to attend school 
in Prattsburg, New York, and later continued his studies in Franklin Academy 
until eighteen years of age, after which he engaged in teaching in the country 
schools. Later he was engaged as a teacher in the academy where he had 
formerly been a student, remaining there for three years. During that time 
he took up the study of civil engineering, doing practical field work, and 
since that time he has continued in the profession. Among the companies 
by whom he has been employed as a civil engineer are the Western New 
York & Pennsylvania Railroad Company, the Lehigh Valley Railroad Com- 
pany and the Lackawanna & Pittsburg Company, all of New York. In 
Ohio he was with the New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio road and with the 
Toledo & Ohio Central Company. In Illinois he was with the Chicago, 
Burlington & Ouincy Railroad and. the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific; and 
in British Columbia he did civil engineering for the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
road Company. 

In 1890 Mr. Adams came to Whatcom, arriving here on Thanksgiving 
day. He first worked for the Bellingham Bay & British Columbia Railroad 
Company as a civil engineer, and in 1892-3-4 he was city engineer of What- 
com. Through the two succeeding years he was county surveyor of What- 
com county, and in 1897 ne went to British Columbia, where he was engaged 
in prospecting with different mining companies. From the spring of 1898 
until the summer of 1899 Mr. Adams was with the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
road Company on the Columbian & Western Division, and in the latter year 
he returned to Whatcom, taking up the general business of a civil engineer 
in 1900. The same year he was elected county surveyor for a term of two 
years, and in 1902 was re-elected for a second term, which will make him 
the incumbent of the office until the close of IQ04. During the year 1894 
Mr. Adams built the present water main intake from Lake Whatcom, a dis- 
tance of three miles, with supply mains of thirty-inch and twenty-four-inch 
pipes. lie is thoroughly versed in his chosen calling, and his proficiency 
is shown by the important positions which he has been called upon to fill by 
the large railroad companies. 

In May, 1888, Mr. Adams was united in marriage to Miss Ida Belle 
Middleton, a native of New York, and a daughter of John and Henrietta 
Middleton, who were also born in that state. A son has been born of this 
union, John Middleton Adams, who is now ten years of age. Mr. Adams is 
a worthy and exemplary member of the Masonic lodge, and is also con- 
nected with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. His political support 
is given the Republican party, and his religious faith is indicated by his mem- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 243 

bership in the Presbyterian church. His fellow townsmen know him as a 
man of upright character, of loyalty in office and reliability in business af- 
fairs, and these qualities have gained for him respect and admiration, while 
his social nature has won him many friends. 

CALVIN LACON MARSH. 

Calvin Lacon Marsh, one of the prominent residents and successful 
business men of Arlington, Washington, was born March 18, 1873, in Ritchie 
county, West Virginia, and is a son of Jefferson Marsh, born in the same 
state, but coming of English descent. By calling he is a farmer, and still 
resides in Ritchie county, West Virginia, aged seventy years. The mother 
bore the maiden name of Angelina Cunningham, and she, too, was a native 
of West Virginia, but came of a Maryland family, and is still living. There 
were six boys and four girls in the family of this worthy couple, most of 
whom are engaged in professional work. 

Calvin L. Marsh was born, reared and educated in the same county, con- 
tinuing at school until he was eighteen years of age and for two terms prior to 
that time he also taught school. In the spring of 1892 he went west to Puget 
Sound, and after a short time at White River Valley, King county, he taught 
school near Houghton, same county, one term, and then in 1893 settled in 
Arlington and for two terms taught school in the Haller city school. In the 
spring of 1894 he returned to Virginia and was married, and upon his return 
to Arlington he purchased an interest in the Arlington Times. After a year 
he bought the interest of his partner, and has successfully conducted the 
paper himself, issuing it weekly. It is the Republican mouthpiece of the lo- 
cality, and is well supported by the members of the Republican party. In 
1897 he was honored by appointment as United States commissioner, to fill 
an unexpired term, and was re-appointed in 1901 for a period of four years, by 
Judge Hanford. 

In June, 1894, he was married to Lora McDugal, a native of West 
Virginia, and a daughter of Ardena McDugal. who came of Scotch ancestry, 
but was born in Virginia. Four children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Marsh, namely: Constance, aged eight years; John Paul, aged four years; 
Lillian, aged two years: and little Rufus. the baby. Fraternally Mr. Marsh 
is a member of the Ancient Order United Workmen, and politically is a Re- 
publican, taking an active part in local and county politics. 

GEORGE W. FOWLER. 

George W. Fowler is one of the leading real estate dealers of Tacoma, 
and has negotiated many important property transfers. He is a western man, 
possessed of the progressive spirit which lias ever dominated the portion of 
our country west of the Mississippi. His birth occurred on a farm in Wash- 
ington county, near St. Paul. Minnesota, in 1865, liis parents being Giles H. 
and Mary S. (Shellenbarger) Fowler. The father was born in Massachusetts 
and came of a family lung established in New England. He came west to 
Minnesota in 1852, becoming one of the early settlers of that state, and in the 



244 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

seventies removed with his family to Minneapolis, where he spent his remain- 
ing days, his death occurring in 1894. His widow, who was born in Ohio, 
is now living in Tacoma. 

George W. Fowler obtained a good education, and at an early age ac- 
cepted a position as office boy with one of the largest real estate and finan- 
cial firms of Minneapolis, where he received an excellent practical business 
education, and, because of his close application, his ability and fidelity, he 
was steadily advanced to positions bringing to him greater responsibility and 
at the same time better financial returns. 

In 1888 Mr. Fowler arrived in Tacoma, where he established a real 
estate office on his own account, and soon became one of the largest and 
most prominent operators of this place, a position which he has since main- 
tained. He successfully withstood the hard times brought on by the great 
financial panic which swept over the country in 1893, and has been an 
active factor in the upbuilding and development of Tacoma. He has put 
upon the market and capably handled an immense amount of city and suburban 
property, and is successfully conducting a general real estate business, in addi- 
tion t<« which he also deals in state, county, city and public school warrants 
and bonds, and negotiates mortgage loans. He likewise represents several 
leading insurance companies in fire, accident, liability, burglary, plate glass, 
etc.. and that part of his business has reached profitable proportions. 

Mr. Fowler was married in Tacoma, in 1892, the lady of his choice be- 
ing Miss Edna L. Elder, and they now reside at 709 North O street, and 
the entertainment furnished in their home to their many friends makes it a 
favorite resort with those who know them. Mr. Fowler is a trustee of the 
Chamber of Commerce and Board of Trade, and is an enterprising, successful 
and well known citizen, whose advance to a creditable and gratifying position 
in the business world is due to his energy, executive force and close appli- 
cation. 

THEODORE HOSS. 

While meat and drink are the great staples of life and rank next in im- 
portance to the air we breathe, air and drink are obtainable much more easily 
than meat; as one reads of the intricacy of the meat inspection laws of dif- 
ferent countries and the many processes through which the animal must go 
before it may be served to the hungry toiler, it is surprising that we get it 
at all. As American meat now leads the world, we are glad to here make 
mention of a man who has for a number of years been furnishing to the 
citizens of Centralia, Washington, and the surrounding country high-grade 
meats of all kinds, and, inasmuch as men are largely by what they eat, and men 
make institutions, may we not justly ascribe to this gentleman a part of the 
development of the thriving town of Centralia? But he is deserving of this 
mention on other grounds, for in Mr. Hoss has Centralia found one of its 
most progressive and public-spirited citizens. 

To know the history of this family we must go to Germany, where Theo- 
dore Hoss, Sr. was born and reared to manhood. He also married there. 
Clara Kiepers, native of that land, becoming his wife. In 1853 he and his 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 246 

wife and little daughter made the long and ever to be remembered journey 
across the Atlantic. He first made his home in Cassville, Wisconsin, where 
he gained a livelihood by engaging in the cooperage business, but in 1867 
he made his way to the newer country of the west and took a homestead near 
Fremont, in Saunders county, Nebraska. While he made a comfortable liv- 
ing here, he was yet not altogether satisfied, and ten years later came to 
Olequa, Washington, where he took up a pre-emption claim and worked it 
with good results. He has resided in Centralia since 1889, and now in the sev- 
enty-seventh year of his life he is no longer harassed by the earlier cares of 
existence. But he has been deprived of the comforting companionship of his 
good wife, who passed away December 14, 1896, aged sixty-four vears. 

The son Theodore, is a native of America, born iii Cassville, Grant 
county, Wisconsin, March 11, 1863. Inasmuch as the greater part of his 
young life was spent in new countries, little opportunities for education were 
afforded him, but, like many other self-made men, he has utilized all that has 
come in his way, and is a bright, intelligent man, of a tried and good char- 
acter ; the fact that he has always been a hard worker has certainly had much 
to do with his success. He came west to Washington with his father in 1876, 
and in 1886, with his brother Hermen, he opened the pioneer meat market 
in Centralia. This business has become very extensive and is now an incorpor- 
ated firm, with Theodore as president and the buyer, and Hermen Hoss as 
manager of the sales department of the concern. Mr. Hoss is also at the head 
of the Electric Power Company, which is one of the important institutions 
of the city ; it is also incorporated, and Mr. Hoss is the president and man- 
ager, while Hermen is secretary. Another member of the family living in 
Centralia is Mrs. Maria Dueber, who is the only one of the children horn in the 
old country. 

The marriage of Mr. Hoss occurred in Centralia, February 20, 1890, 
Miss Jennie Reeves becoming his wife. She is a native of the state of Mich- 
igan and a daughter of W. F. Reeves, of that state. Three daughters have 
come into the pleasant home of Mr. and Mrs. Hoss, whose names are Leona, 
May and Vera. Mr. Hoss enjoys fraternal relations with the Modern Wood- 
men of America, and has proved himself to lie one of the leading spirits in 
affairs of the town and county, being now the chairman of the board of school 
directors ; his political beliefs are those of the Democratic party, and represent- 
ing that party he has been in the city council for several terms and for four 
years was one of the county commissioners. 

GEORGE E. ATKINSON'. 

George E. Atkinson has been a resident of Washington for thirty-five 
years, and in that time has been prominently connected with the lumber indus- 
try of the country. The world always seems to lie ready to confer special re- 
ward upon the producer, the man who can do or make something that others 
want, and Mr. Atkinson can surely take rank among those who have not 
been content with a life of prosy, mechanical drudgery, hut have become 
leaders in industrial production. 

Mr. Atkinson has back of him good English ancestry. His father was 



246 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Robert Atkinson and was a native of England. He came to the new world 
and settled in the province of New Brunswick, where he married Elizabeth 
Wight. The Wights were residents of the colonies during the Revolutionary 
days, and as they remained loyal to their king in that struggle they were sub- 
jected to the persecution and confiscation of estates which followed in the 
time of the organization of the American republic, as a result of which they 
joined the many Tories who were leaving the country and settled on land 
allotted to them by their government in New Bruswick. Mrs. Atkinson died 
when quite young, but her husband lived to be seventy-two years of age. 

The birth of George E. Atkinson occurred in the province of New Bruns- 
wick in 1837. He received his education there, and when still a boy became 
engaged in the lumber business, which is one of the important industries of 
that province. In 1867 he decided that the vast timber stretches of the Pacific 
coast were a better field of operations, and he accordingly came to Washing- 
ton. He became the manager of the Old Tacoma mill and remained in that 
position for eighteen years, during which time he increased the daily output 
of the mill from sixty thousand feet of lumber a day to two hundred and 
thirty thousand, and made it one of the most prosperous plants in the state. 
Acting for self and associates, he built the Pacific mill in Tacoma and later 
had the management of the Bellingham Bay mill. Mr. Atkinson came to 
Centralia in May, 1892; he and his partner bought the mill of the Gouger 
Lumber Company, and, when they soon after dissolved partnership, it became 
the Atkinson Lumber Company. The plant is now leased for a year, but on 
the expiration of the lease Mr. Atkinson intends to take it and make a spe- 
cialty of the manufacture of ship spars; the mill can make any dimension up 
to one hundred and thirty-five feet in length. 

Mr. Atkinson w r as first married while residing in New Brunswick, but 
soon after lost his wife and child. He was married in Tacoma to Miss Es- 
tella B. Garretson, who was a talented lady and a teacher of music in the 
Annie Wright Seminary, coming from Pennsylvania. They reside in Tacoma, 
and four children were born to them here: Mary, George, William and 
Dorothy. The family religion is that of the Episcopal church. Mr. Atkinson 
has always been active in the interests of the Republican party, and during 
the administrations of Governors Ferry and Newell was a trustee of the 
State Insane Asylum ; he has also held various local offices. He has the 
distinction of being a charter member of the first Masonic lodge established 
in Tacoma, which was later merged in a new lodge. 

WILLIAM J. MUNRO. 

William J. Munro, one of the representative citizens of Sedro Woolley, 
Washington, was born in Maddock county, Canada, July 21, 1854, and on 
his father's side is descended from Scotch ancestry, and from Irish on his 
mother's side. His grandfather Munro crossed the St. Lawrence river on a 
raft and left his possessions in New York state during the Revolutionary 
war, because he would not bear arms against the mother country. His prop- 
erty was confiscated. J. C. Munro, the father of William J., was born in 
Canada and lived there for a number of years. He died in Sedro Woolley, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 247 

Washington, in February, 1891. His widow, whose maiden name was Mary 
Elizabeth Christie, was also a native of Canada. She is a resident of Sedro 
Woolley. Their family includes five sons and two daughters, all now settled 
in life, occupying useful and respected positions. J. C. Munro is marshal 
of Sedro Woolley. R. H. is with the Algier Shingle Company, of Blue Can- 
yon, Washington. P. H. is in the employ of the Belfast Shingle Company in 
Skagit county, Washington. R. A. is associated with his brother W. J. in 
the Grand Rapids Shingle Company. Elizabeth is the wife of Charles Hin- 
man, of Anacortes, and Rachel is the wife of R. C. Beebe, of Sedro Woolley. 

William J. Munro received his education in the common schools near 
his Canadian home, attending until he was fifteen, after which he worked 
in his father's store a few years. In 1872 we find him at Grand Haven, Mich- 
igan, in the employ of a lumber company, working in a mill, where he re- 
mained until 1S77. After this he learned the shoemaker's trade in his father's 
store, and engaged in the shoe business in Whitehall, [Michigan, which he con- 
ducted until 1886. That year, in company with his father, he bought a lum- 
ber mill in Muskegon county, Michigan, which he ran four years, until 1890, 
the time of his coming to Washington. The first year here he built a shingle 
mill at Burlington, under contract, operated it forty days, and then had to leave 
the place. He next became associated in the Sedro Shingle & Lumber Com- 
pany, of Sedro, with his brothers and Messrs. Hart and Battey, and in -this 
enterprise they met with disaster in the way of fire, everything being swept 
away by flame, the loss involving not only their own means but also their 
mother's. Our subject then branched out in a brokerage business for his 
old firm of Wagner Brothers & Angel, of Grand Rapids. Michigan, and has 
since represented them in the west. His business at the present time amounts 
to over five hundred thousand dollars per annum. Mr. Munro is also the 
western representative for the Grand Rapids Shingle Company, of Michigan, 
in which he owns a one-half interest less one share. 

Mr. Munro is a Republican, and has for years been active in politics. 
He has attended both county and state conventions, and for two years was 
county central committeeman. Fraternally he is associated with the Hoo 
Hoos and Ancient Order United Workmen. 

Mr. Munro was married May 5, 1901, in Mt. Vernon, Washington, to 
Miss Estella Hutton, a native of Ohio and a daughter of P. M. Hutton, a re- 
tired merchant, now residing in Sedro Woolley. The Hutton family has long 
been resident of America and was represented in the Revolution and other 
wars of this country, P. M. Hutton being a Civil war veteran. Mr. and 
Mrs. Munro lost their only child, an infant son, born in 1903. 

HON. WILLIAM R. MOULTRAY. 

Hon. William R. Moultray, president of the Nooksack Shingle and Lum- 
ber Company, and a very prominent and substantia! resident of Whale -in. 
was born September 10, 1852, at Steelville, Crawford county, Missouri. He 
is a son of William Augustus and Martha (Hopkins) Moultray. The former 
still resides on the old country homestead in Missouri, at the advanced age 
of ninety-two years. He was born in Missouri and belongs to a Revolution- 



248 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ary family of the name, and one of his ancestors was honored in the naming of 
Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. Martha (Hopkins) Moultray was also born 
in Missouri, ami her family, likewise, was established in America some time 
during the Revolutionary period. The six brothers of William R. Moultray 
are: George, James and Thomas, twins, Joseph H., Millard and Edward; and 
the sisters are: Mary, wife of William Pettigrew, of Washington; Emma, 
wife of L. Earney, of Missouri; Alice, wife of Isaac Brown, of Missouri; 
and Martha, wife of H. Coleman. 

William R. Moultray grew up under conditions, incident to the Civil 
war, which precluded any thorough educational training. At the age of 
thirty he obtained the consent of his parents to try the more promising fields 
of the frontier, and in 1872 came to the state of Washington, locating in 
Whatcom county, where he worked for wages until 1876. ' By this time he 
had saved from his own earnings sufficient means to start a trading post and 
store at a point on the Nooksack river, then known as the Crossings. The 
place is now one of the important stations on the Bellingham Bay and British 
Columbia Railroad, the town being known as Everson. This store became 
the leading one in this section, and Mr. Moultray successfully conducted it 
until 1887, when a disastrous fire destroyed both his store and residence. 
He then turned his attention to hop farming on the Nooksack river and con- 
tinued until 1892. Having been very successful in this enterprise, Mr. 
Moultray invested a portion of his means in the mill and shingle manufactur- 
ing business and organized the great company of which he is president. He 
is still successfully operating it, it being one of the great industries of this 
section. 

In 1889 Mr. Moultray moved into Whatcom in order to afford his chil- 
dren good educational advantages. He has always been identified with polit- 
ical affairs since locating in the state, being a prominent member of the Re- 
publican party. From 1876 to 1887 he served as postmaster of Nooksack. 
and in 1884 was elected a justice of the peace there for two years and was re- 
elected in 1886. In 1889 he was elected on the Republican ticket to the first 
state legislature, for a term of two years, and in 1900 was elected for a term 
of four years, to the state senate. 

In November, 1877, Mr. Moultray was married to Lizzie Walker, who 
was born in Missouri and is a daughter of W. L. and Hannah Walker, both 
of whom were natives of the same state, of English descent. They have six 
children, with ages ranging from twenty-two years to nine, as follows : Les- 
ter, Effie, William, Alice, Roy and Lottie. The family is located at 700 Hight 
street, Whatcom. The family is connected with the Presbyterian church. 
Mr. Moultray belongs to the orders of Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias. 
He is one of the representative men of this section. 

HON. EDWARD S. HAMILTON. 

The Hamiltons come from good Scotch-Irish ancestry who came to this 
country from the north of Ireland. George Hamilton was a native of New- 
York, moved from his home in Brooklyn to Westchester county. New York, 
at about the time the oil industry assumed its important place in commerce, 



\ pu *uc library 



T '^EN F ou NDATroN J 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 249 

and was a retailer of oil at Peekskill for a number of years, dying there 
in 1898. His wife, Caroline Agnew, was of English stock, a native of New 
York state, and died in 1872. 

Edward S. Hamilton was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1865, and 
upon reaching manhood came out to the Sound country in 1888, making his 
first venture at Port Townsend as a real estate dealer. But in the fall of that 
year he came to Tacoma and became the bookkeeper for the Puget Sound 
Stevedore Company. He rose to the position of foreman of the company, 
and in 1891 W. L. McCabe, the president, took him as a partner and the 
two succeeded to the business under the name of McCabe and Hamilton. 
This company, which has its offices in the Pacific Cold Storage building, at 
Tacoma, are among the most prominent stevedores in the country, 
and do a large business at all the Sound points, having branches at Seattle 
and Honolulu, with connections at Liverpool. They do all the lading for 
the grain and oriental shipping companies on Puget Sound, and a large num- 
ber of men are employed. The electric conveyor which they have invented 
and introduced for loading flour and grain has effected a revolution in meth- 
ods of ship-loading and decreases materially the time of lading needed before. 
By this means two thousand sack^ per hour .are hurried into the hold, a won- 
derful improvement over the former expensive staging and slinging. 

Mr. Hamilton has been a' leading member of the Republican party in his 
section, and in 1898, after receiving the nomination for state senator from 
the twentieth senatorial district, was elected by a handsome majority, and in 
1902 was re-elected by a still larger vote. In the first session he was chair- 
man of the Pierce county delegation, and in this capacity had charge of the 
election whereby A. G. Foster was chosen to the United States senate. It 
was during this' year also that the Populists held the balance of power in the 
upper house of the state legislature, and Mr. Hamilton led the minority in 
the appropriations committee, and although of opposite political faith to 
Governor Rogers he sustained that gentleman in his vetoes of the extravagant 
appropriations. Further, he was on the railroad transportation committee, 
revenue and taxation, chairman of the public grounds and building commit- 
tee, and was the father of the bill for the purchase of the Thurston county 
court house. In the session of 1900 he was again chairman of the Pierce 
county delegation, chairman of committee on revenue and taxation and con- 
gressional apportionment, member of the committee on appropriations, state 
school and tide lands, and of the legislative apportionment committee. In 
the legislature of 1903 he was chairman of the committee on appropriations, 
a member of the revenue and taxation committee, railroads and transportation. 
He also had charge of the railroad conflict, fighting it to a successful comple- 
tion, and was one of the committee having charge of the campaign for the 
election of Levi Auderv as United States senator. He has taken a prominent 
part in campaign work, in 1896 was one of the principal organizers and 
president of the Young Men's McKinley Club of over six hundred members, 
and for the past ten years has been a delegate to nearly all the county and 
state Republican conventions. 

Mr. Hamilton was married in Tacoma, in 1891, to Miss Emma L. Kidg- 



250 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

way, a native of the state of New York, and they have one daughter, Edna. 
The family residence is at 310 North E street. At one time he was president 
of the Tacoma Chamber of Commerce and is still a member, as also of the 
Union Club; belongs to the Elks and the Knights of Pythias, and was for- 
merly prominent in both the subsidiary lodge and the uniform rank of the 
latter body, but press of business forced him to relinquish active participation 
in the organization. 



'S' 



JOHN H. SARGENT. 

John H. Sargent, Chinese inspector at Sumas, Washington, was born 
January 8, 1866, in Shelby county, Illinois. He is a son of William R. and 
Mary J. (Herod) Sargent, the former of whom was a native of Ohio, of an 
old Massachusetts family which came there from England some twenty 
years later than the settlement at Plymouth. He was a well known farmer 
and stock-raiser in Shelby county, and died in 1887. 

The mother of our subject was born in Tennessee and was a great-grand- 
daughter of Colonel Bowman, who served in the Revolutionary army and 
later lived in Illinois, dying in the latter state in 1871. Mrs. Sargent is of 
Scotch-Irish descent. Her mother, Mrs. E. M. Herod, has reached the age 
of ninety-three and resides at Windsor, Illinois. A daughter, Jessie B., is the 
wife of H. W. Rock, a harness-maker at Laconner, Washington. 

John H. Sargent was educated in the common schools of Shelby county 
and graduated at the high school in 1883. For the succeeding five years he 
engaged in teaching, both in the country and city, and then entered Wesleyan 
College, at Bloomington, Illinois, where he was graduated June 11, 1890, 
with the degree of LL. B. 

On June 25, 1890, in company with R. S. Lambert, now mayor of Sumas, 
Washington, he started for the west. They looked over the entire country 
from Ogden to Portland and north to Whatcom, and found no satisfactory 
point to locate for the practice of their profession, until they reached What- 
com. After but one hour's stay they decided that this city offered many 
professional and residence advantages, and at once they formed a partnership 
here, the style being Lambert & Sargent. Six months later Mr. Lambert 
went to Sumas, but Mr. Sargent continued in practice until February, 1898. 
At this date he was appointed inspector of customs, by Collector F. D. Hues- 
tis, and continued to officiate as such until July, 1900, when he was appointed 
immigrant inspector by T. V. Powderly, commissioner general of immigra- 
tion. Mr. Sargent spent six months in the immigrant station at New York 
city, and was then transferred to Whatcom. On July 1, 1903, Inspector 
Sargent was appointed as a Chinese inspector by promotion, and placed in 
charge of the Chinese detention station at Sumas, Washington, which is one 
of the four points 011 the northern border of the United States where Chinese 
are allowed to enter the country. He had most efficiently filled the position 
as inspector in charge at this point. 

Mr. Sargent took an active part in politics before entering the govern- 
ment service. In November, 1894, he was elected city attorney of Whatcom 
and served during 1895. He represented the Republican party at many con- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 251 

ventions, as a delegate, and in the campaigns of 1894-6 stumped the county 
for the ticket. Mr. Sargent is interested in several of the leading mining 
companies of this locality. He was one of the organizers of the Ruth Creek 
Falls Mining Company, which owns twelve claims in the Mount Baker district, 
near to the now r famous Post-Lambert claim. This organization has a cap- 
ital stock of one million dollars. 

On June 24, 1890, at Windsor, Illinois, Mr. Sargent was married to 
Carrie A. Gharrett, who was a daughter of Joseph Gharrett, of that place. 
Mrs. Sargent is of German descent, but a native of Illinois. She was a teacher 
in the public schools. Mr. and Mrs. Sargent have two sons, Noel G., aged 
nine years, and Winford G, aged six years. Mr. Sargent is fraternally con- 
nected with the order of Knights of Pythias. 

HENRY L. DEVIN. 

Henry L. Devin, who resides in Sedro Woolley, Washington, is engaged 
in the real estate business, and with the improvement of the city has been 
actively and helpfully identified. He was born in Ottumwa, Iowa, on the 
1 6th of June, 1862. and comes of a family of French descent, founded in 
America in 1717. The name was originally De Vinne, but after the Revolu- 
tionary war was changed to its present form by the grandfather of our sub- 
ject. There were seven members of the family who were soldiers in the 
Revolutionary war, valiantly aiding in the struggle which resulted in the 
establishment of the Republic. John D. Devin, the father of Henry L... was 
born in Ohio and was educated for the bar. He practiced law for a number 
of years and was also a member of the firm of Devin & Sons., at that time 
one of the largest mercantile houses in Iowa. For many years he was an active 
business man, but is now living retired in the city of Seattle. He married 
Miss Frances Peters, who was born in Ohio and belongs to an old American 
family. She represented the Chambers family in the maternal line, and, 
like the Peters, they were of old English stock, and both families were rep- 
resented in the colonial army in the war of the Revolution. Mrs. Devin died 
in 1869, leaving two sons. Henry L. and David C, the latter now a ranchman 
of Colorado. The paternal grandmother of our subject. Lucinda Davis, was a 
descendant of David Davis, who was killed at Concord bridge. 

Henry L. Devin acquired his education in the public schools of Iowa 
and in Ann Arbor University, of Michigan, preparing for a technical course, 
which he was obliged to abandon. At the age of seventeen years he started 
out upon an independent business career. Beginning as a farmer, he followed 
that pursuit near Des Moines, Iowa, for four years, and then went to Ohio, 
where he was engaged in wood-working, manufacturing bank, office and Other 
interior finishings. He built up quite an extensive and profitable business in 
that line, but in 1886 he came to the Puget Sound country, believing in its 
possibilities and foreseeing much of its brilliant future. Closing out his 
business in the east, he returned to Seattle in February, 1889, and there made 
some investments. 

In the fall of the same year Mr. Devin came to what is now Sedro Wool- 
lev. The town was not platted, and he bought property before the land was 



252 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

surveyed, and has here made his headquarters continuously since. He has 
always been active in the upbuilding of this section of the country and con- 
fident of its future, and has done much to further progress and improvement 
here. He went to Alaska in 1897, before the big discoveries in the Klondike 
district, and prospected on the southern Alaska coast. He made two trips 
in 1897, ani ' m ^99 be went to the Klondike, remaining until 1901, during 
which time he bore his share of the hardships incident to the development of 
(he north. Since his return he has been engaged in the real estate business, 
meeting with very gratifying success. He was the secretary and treasurer 
cf the Sedro Land Improvement Company for four years, from 1895 until 
1899, when he resigned to go to the north. 

In politics Mr. Devin is an active Republican, and was connected with the 
Sedro city government from the time of its establishment until it was dis- 
organized by its union with the town of Woolley. He was the city clerk for 
nine years and the postmaster for seven years, being appointed by President 
Harrison and serving until the office was abolished by the consolidation of 
the two cities. He was also a school director and the chairman of the board 
when the schoolhouse was built. He is also justice of the peace. 

On the 17th of June, 1885, Mr. Devin was married to Lenore Mosier, 
the wedding taking place in Des Moines, her native city. She is a daughter 
of Cyrus A. Mosier, an Iowa pioneer, and representative of an old American 
family of English origin and of Revolutionary fame, having sent its repre- 
sentatives to the continental army during the struggle for national independ- 
ence. To Mr. and Mrs. Devin have been born three daughters: Frances, 
Agnes and Alice, all attending school. Socially Mr. Devin is connected with 
the Modern Woodmen of America, and in 1903 was sent as a county delegate 
to the state convention. He also belongs to the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. He has been a faithful and enthusiastic member of the Twin City 
Business League and did much work in effecting its organization. He was 
its first secretary and was again elected to that office in i<;03. This league has 
done much fur the city, and is composed of intelligent, enterprising, up-to- 
date men. 

FRANK L. CROSBY. 

Frank L. Crosby, the well known chief deputy United States marshal at 
Tacoma, is a representative of one of the oldest and most prominent seafaring 
families that have been identified with the northwest since its earliest settle- 
ment. He was born in Tumwater, Washington, in 1862. and is a son of 
Nathaniel and Cordelia J. (Smith) Crosby. His father was a native of 
Maine, born at Wiscasset, December 3, 1835, the ancestral home of the Cros- 
bys being at that place. Besides his father he had five uncles who were sea 
captains. 

The paternal grandfather, Captain Nathaniel Crosby, Sr., came around 
Cape Horn from New York in 1845 in one of his own vessels, arriving in the 
Columbia river on the 8th of December, that year, and for a time he was 
engaged in the carrying trade between San Francisco and Honolulu. Be- 
lieving there was a great future in store for the Pacific coast country, especi- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 253 

ally in the line of ocean commerce, he sent for the remainder of the family to 
join him here. Accordingly several of his brothers with their families, alxaut 
thirty persons in all, came around the Horn on the brig Grecian, one of their 
own vessels, which was of only two hundred tons burden — a very hazardous 
undertaking but accomplished without a single accident. They entered the 
Columbia river and landed at Portland in 1849. Many of this family be- 
came quite prominent in ocean commerce. In fact the entire history of the 
family — a seafaring race in every meaning of the word — is so closely asso- 
ciated with the early navigation of the Pacific Ocean that they may, without 
exaggeration, be called the most prominent people of their day in the marine 
interests of this coast. 

Nathaniel Crosby, Sr., was the first to navigate the Columbia river, and 
lie built the first frame house in Portland, which is still standing as a noted 
landmark. He also took up as government land what subsequently became 
the city of Albina, now East Portland. He became very prosperous as a ship- 
owner and captain, and from 1845 to 1848 ran the brig Toulon between Port- 
land and Honolulu and San Francisco, doing a general carrying trade. From 
the latter year until about 1854 he ran the brig Louisiana between San Fran- 
cisco, Puget Sound and China, making a specialty of carrying spars from 
Puget Sound to China. After several trips to Hong Kong, he decided to 
locate there in the ship chandlery business, and in 1855 took his family to 
that country, making the trip in a finely fitted up vessel and taking with 
him a tutor for his children. After three years spent in that country he died. 

After the death of his father Nathaniel Crosby, Jr., carried on the busi- 
ness in China for a time, but finally sold out and returned to Puget Sound 
in i860, locating at Tumwater, Washington. Before the removal of the fam- 
ily to Hong Kong he had attended Forest Grove University in Oregon, re- 
ceiving a good education, and after his return he became prominent in the 
steamboat business on the Sound, being one of the best known men on the 
northwest coast. In 1867 he was one of the organizers and was made secre- 
tary of the Puget Sound Steam Navigation Company, which built the large 
steamer New World, being associated in this business with Captain Windsor 
and with his uncle, Captain Crosby. At that time it was the best steamer 
on the northwest coast, and made the run from Olympia to Victoria, Mr. 
Crosby serving as purser under Captain Windsor. Those early times were 
great days in the steamboat business on the Sound, as the water route was the 
only practicable one to the lower Sound country, and Olympia was the head of 
navigation. Competition set in strong, however, and the New World was 
finally sold and taken to San Francisco. Captain Crosby later became one 
of the leading merchants of Olympia, where he died in 7890, honored and re- 
spected by all who knew him. 

Captain Crosby's married life was a very happy one. in i860 he married 
Miss Cordelia J. Smith, who was born in Covington; Indiana, in [839. Winn 
she was thirteen years of age her father, Jacob Smith, with his wife and 
seven children, loaded their earthly possessions into one of the historic ve 
hides known as the "prairie schooner" and joined a wagon train bound 
for the Pacific coast. The long and arduous trip across the plains was made 
without serious mishap, and many of the party settled in the upper Sound 



254 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

country. In this wagon train were Dr. Spinning, now living in the Puyallup 
valley, and others well known in this district. The Smith family took up 
a large donation claim on Whidby Island, erected their rough log cabin, and 
started bravely to work to subdue the wilderness to their use. The father 
suffered a fall, breaking one of his forearms. With no physician in western 
Washington, he had to bandage the injured member himself and allow na- 
ture to do its work as best it might. The arm began to grow crooked and 
misshapen, and Mr. Smith decided upon a trip to San Francisco to have the 
bones reset properly. While absent on the trip, in those days a long pilgrim- 
age, the first of the Indian wars broke out, the bloody conflict surging about 
the little cabin he had left in the woods. One of Mrs. Crosby's strongest im- 
pressions of those early days was the scene when the savages, their hands 
still dyed with fresh blood, came upon that undefended home with the mother 
and her seven helpless children. The Indians had just murdered Colonel 
Ebey, one of their nearest neighbors, cutting off his head and otherwise mu- 
tilating the body. Upon entering the Smith cabin the savages signed for some- 
thing to eat. They were fed with the best the humble larder afforded, but 
their appetites were not satisfied and they demanded better food. The frenzied 
mother, a little mite of a woman, it is said, but abundantly plucky, had noth- 
ing better for them and awaited in an agony of fear the next act of the ruth- 
less hands. One stalwart strode out of the house, and returned with his gun, 
and leveling it at the woman repeated his demands, whereupon the little 
woman's spirit overcame her fears and with the children staring on in wide- 
eyed amazement, she marched to the wood-box, seized a suitable stick and 
brandishing the same in the big brave's face ordered him to leave the house. 
The Indians, in sheer admiration of such courage, withdrew from the place 
without harming a hair of their heads. After about five years of life on the 
island farm the family removed to Olympia, then almost the only settlement on 
the Sound except Seattle and Victoria. There Mrs. Crosby grew to woman- 
hood, and there she met and married the father of our subject. She died in 
November, 1902, and her death was mourned by a large circle of friends 
and acquaintances who appreciated her sterling worth. Besides her two sons, 
Frank L. and Harry L.. the latter bookkeeper for the county treasurer of 
Pierce county, she left two sisters and two brothers, namely : Mrs. C. M. 
Harmon, of Tacoma; Mrs. N. A. Smith, of Seattle; Albion H. Smith, of 
Olympia; and R. R. Smith of Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 

Frank L. Crosby spent the days of his boyhood and youth in Olympia. 
and is indebted to the public schools of the city for his early educational priv- 
ileges. At the age of twenty he went to San Francisco, where he attended 
school for a time, making a specialty of studies leading to the profession of 
civil engineering. Completing the course there, he returned to Washington 
and became civil engineer for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, which 
was then making its way across the continent. For three years he was en- 
gaged in preliminary surveying for this road over the Cascade mountains, 
and later ran the level for the line between Tacoma and Seattle. 

After the completion of that work Mr. Crosby became connected with 
the Northern Pacific land department at Tacoma, as land examiner and later 
as assistant cashier of that department. He then went into the steamboat busi- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 255 

ness on Puget Sound, being part owner of the steamer Clara Brown. In 
1890 he was appointed chief deputy United States marshal under Thomas 
Brown, and has held that office under successive administrations ever since, 
being recognized as an exceptionally capable and efficient officer. 

In 1887, at Portland, Oregon, Mr. Crosby was united in marriage to 
Miss Belle F. Stump, a daughter of Captain Thomas Stump, who was also 
a famous steamboat captain and the first to navigate the Cascade Rapids at 
The Dalles on the Columbia river. Her brother-in-law, Captain James W. 
Troup, is a noted captain, known all along the Pacific coast. It will thus be 
seen that Mrs. Crosby's relatives, as well as those of her husband, have been 
and are very prominent in marine circles. Our subject and his wife have three 
children, namely: Lloyd R.. Flora C. and Frank A. 

Mr. Crosby is a prominent Republican and, previous to the enactment of 
the civil service law prohibiting " pernicious activity," was a delegate and in- 
fluential figure at conventions. Like his ancestors he is widely and favorably 
known throughout the northwest, and has a host of warm friends in the city 
where he now resides. 

ISRAEL A. NEWKIRK. 

Israel Alexander Newkjrk, who is engaged in the livery business in Fern- 
dale, has been a resident of Whatcom county for fourteen years. He was born 
on the 12th of January, 1847, m Clinton county, Ohio, a son of David Webb 
and Charlotte (Sidles) Newkirk. Both of the parents were also natives of 
the Buckeye state, and the father was a farmer by occupation, following that 
pursuit in order to provide for his family of wife and four children. He 
died in 1899, at the advanced age of seventy-six years, and Mrs. Newkirk 
passed away in 1902, when sixty-eight years of age. Marcus L. Newkirk. 
the brother of our subject, is living in Illinois. The sisters are Nancy, the 
wife of Perry Ridings, a resident farmer of Illinois; and Hannah, the wife 
of Frank T. Riddell. 

To the public school system of his native state Israel A. Newkirk is in- 
debted for the educational privileges which he enjoyed up to the time he was 
fifteen years of age. He then left the schoolroom and devoted all of his time 
to assisting in the cultivation of his father's farm, working in the fields from 
the time of early spring planting until after crops were harvested in the late 
autumn. However, he abandoned the plow on the 6th of October. [864, for 
his patriotic spirit was aroused, and although but seventeen years of age he 
enlisted at Springfield, Illinois, as a member of the Thirteenth United Stales 
Infantry. He was assigned to Company A and served until 1867, when he re- 
ceived an honorable discharge at Fort Randal. Dakota. Returning then to 
Illinois, he spent the succeeding six months on the home farm, after which 
he went to Iowa, where he was employed as a farm hand until 1871. He then 
again went to Illinois, where he remained for about a year. Again he lo- 
cated in Iowa, and was married there. Subsequently he spent a 
short period in Illinois and on again leaving that state made his way to Kan- 
sas, settling in Butler county, where he engaged in farming for five years. 
On the expiration of that period he removed to Ness county, where he was 



256 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

engaged in the cattle business until 1882. The following year was spent in 
Iowa, after which he returned to Butler county, Kansas, where he remained 
until the spring of 1889, when he resolved to establish a home in the north- 
west. Making his way to Washington, he settled in Whatcom county, near 
Ferndale, and has remained here since. He purchased a ranch which he 
conducted until 1893, and then removed to Ferndale, where he has since made 
his home. He was engaged in hauling and teaming until 1899, when he es- 
tablished the livery stable which he has since conducted with good success. 
He has a number of good horses and vehicles of different kinds, and receives 
a liberal and profitable patronage. 

On the 8th of March, 1873, Mr. Newkirk was united in marriage to 
Miss Nancy Guernsey, who is a native of Indiana but was reared in Iowa, 
in which state their wedding was celebrated. She is a daughter of Daniel B. 
and Nancy (Kelly) Guernsey, farming people of that state. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Newkirk have been born eight children, four sons and four daughters, 
namely: Perry B., who is a resident of Whatcom, Washington ; Arthur A. 
and Guernsey A., who are also living in Whatcom; John Jay; Mary M., 
the wife of Samuel McCormick; Alice Gertrude, the wife of John P. Ander- 
son ; Fannie F. ; and Austa A. The last two are still with their parents. 
Mr. Newkirk gives his political support to the men and measures of the 
Republican party, but has never been an aspirant for political office, preferring 
to devote his time ami attention to his business affairs, in which he is now 
meeting with good success. 

GEORGE H. VOGTLIN. 

The name of George H. Vogtlin is inseparably interwoven with the his- 
tory of Mason county, and he is one of its honored pioneers, valuable public 
officials and esteemed business men. He is a native son of the Wolverine 
state, for his birth occurred in Rockland, Michigan, on the 19th of May, 
1862. His father, Joseph Vogtlin, was born in Germany in 1822, but in 
1847 teft his home across the sea and came to the United States, taking up 
his abode in Michigan. Before leaving his native land he had learned the 
carpenter's trade, and for some years after his arrival in this country he was 
engaged in the manufacture of lumber, but is now living retired from the 
active duties of life and makes his home on a farm, being in his eightieth 
year. At the time of the Civil war he raised a company of volunteers for 
service in the Union cause, and was made captain, and he proved himself 
a gallant defender of the land of his adoption. For his wife Mr. Vogtlin 
chose Miss Mary Enderlin, also a native of the fatherland, where her birth 
occurred in 1826, and she accompanied her parents on their removal to the 
United States. Seven children blessed this union, four sons and three daugh- 
ters, and five of the number are still living. The mother has now reached 
the seventy-sixth milestone on the journey of life, and both she and her hus- 
band have ever been devout members of the Catholic church. 

George H. Vogtlin, the only representative of his parents' family in 
Washington, received his education and was reared to years of maturity in 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 257 

Rockland, Ontonagon county. Michigan. On the 17th of June, 1884. lie ar- 
rived in Washington, and at that time the now busy county seat of Mason 
county contained but two houses, the Hon. David Shelton and Senator Knee- 
land being the only residents of the town. For three years after his arrival 
in Shelton Mr. Vogtlin was employed as a conductor on the Satsop Railroad, 
and in 1887 he purchased the livery business of which he has since been the 
successful owner. He keeps on an average about fifteen good horses and 
all the conveyances necessary for the successful conduct of the business, and 
is recognized as one of the leading liverymen of the city. In addition he also 
has a large number of work horses, and is extensively engaged in draying and 
hauling wood. His business interests are varied and extensive, and he is 
largely interested in farming and timber lands. A stanch and active Repub- 
lican, he has been the recipient of many honors from his party, having first 
been elected to the position of constable of the city, was afterward for two 
years the efficient city marshal, while for four years he held the office of city 
treasurer, and for five years has been chief of the Shelton fire department. 
In 189S he was made the sheriff of Mason county, and so well did he discharge 
the duties incumbent upon this important office that he was again elected, 
receiving his second appointment in 1900, being the present sheriff. The 
cause of education has also found in him a warm friend, and for a long 
period he has served as a school director. 

In 1893 Mr. Vogtlin was happily married to Miss Anna I. Bell, who 
is a daughter of Rodney Bell, a retired citizen of Shelton. They have three 
sons, Hollis, Sidney and Arthur, all born in Shelton. In his fraternal rela- 
tions Mr. Vogtlin is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Woodmen of the World. Few men are better or more favorably known 
in Mason county than he, whose long official service has gained him a wide 
acquaintance, while his persona! qualities have won for him the friendship 
and respect of those with whom he has been associated. 

WILLIAM V. WELLS. 

The subject of this review is a man of practical ability as a lawyer. Mr. 
Wells is a native of the Empire state, his birth occurring on the 3rd of March, 
1866, in the little town of Mannsville, in Jefferson county. He comes from 
an old and prominent New England family. His elementary education was 
received in the public schools of Wolcott, New York, after which he attended 
Lima Seminary at Lima, New York, and still later was a student in the James- 
town College, North Dakota. He was admitted to the bar at Jamestown, 
North Dakota, in December, 1890, and in the following February came to 
Anacortes, Washington, where he lias continued in the practice of his profes- 
sion to the present time, having been associated during the major portion of 
the time as partner with George A. foiner. In the summer of \H<,j, immedi- 
ately after the death of his wife, he went to Dawson City. Yukon territory, 
where he became interested in several mining claims 011 Bonanza creek, which 
he operated successfully until 1901, when he returned to Vnacortes and re- 
sumed the practice of the law. 

17* 



258 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

The marriage of Mr. Wells and Daisy McLean was celebrated in Jan- 
uary, 1894. Mrs. Wells was an estimable and accomplished lady, the daugh- 
ter of William A. and Anna B. McLean, and was a native of Pennsylvania. 
Her death, together with infant twin boys, occurred in May,' 1897. 

Mr. Wells is one of the largest holders of improved property in the 
city, owning several of the brick business blocks and valuable residence prop- 
erty. In his business relations he has been thoroughly upright and conscien- 
tious, gentlemanly, and in his personal and social contact, courteous and kind. 

CROCKETT M. RIDDELL. 

Among the representative and prominent lawyers now practicing at 
the Washington bar is numbered Crockett M. Riddell of Tacoma. He is a 
native of Kentucky, born in Estill county, January 5, 1863, his birthplace 
being Estill Springs, at the edge of the Blue Grass country. His parents were 
Rev. William M. and Kittie Ann (Crockett) Riddell, and his ancestry is 
distinguished on both sides of the house. His father, who was a Methodist 
preacher, was born in Kentucky when that state formed a part of Virginia, 
and died in Estill county in 1866, while his mother was born near Frankfort 
and is now living in Hancock county, Kentucky. 

The paternal ancestry of Mr. Riddell was Scotch, but the family was 
established in America long before the Revolution. On the mother's side 
Mr. Riddell has, through years of labor and expense, compiled a genealogical 
record which is without a break from the time of Anthony Dessasune Crockett, 
who was born in France, July 10, 1683. From that country his ancestors 
went to Great Britain, living principally in Scotland, and through a direct 
line the lineage is traced to the establishment of the family in America, on 
Virginian soil, in 17 19. From the Old Dominion representatives of the fam- 
ily removed to the new state of Kentucky when it was a vast wilderness. To 
this family belonged Davy Crockett, but the most distinguished ancestor was 
the maternal great-grandfather, Colonel Anthony Crockett, who enlisted as 
a private from Virginia in the Revolutionary war in a company organized 
by Captain Thomas Posey, belonging to the General Dan Morgan's brigade. 
He was a brilliant, fearless soldier and was in all the great battles, including 
those of Saratoga, White Plains, Brandywine, and was at Valley Forge. 

During his boyhood Mr. Riddell attended the public schools near his 
home, and later was a student in Mrs. Runyon's private school at Frankfort, 
Kentucky, originally known as Greenwood Seminary. At the age of seventeen 
years he went to Little Rock, Arkansas, and entered the law office of his uncle, 
M. W. Benjamin, who was United States district attorney for that state under 
President Grant's administration. He was a brilliant lawyer, and, although a 
Republican, was greatly respected and beloved by the people of Little Rock 
and Arkansas. He died after many years of residence there. Under his able 
direction Mr. Riddell studied law for some time, and in 1889 came to Tacoma, 
Washington, where for three years he was examining expert and attorney 
for several large mortgage loan companies. He did not seek admission to 
the bar until 1892, when he discontinued the business of land title examination 
and turned his attention to the general practice of the law, having ever since 
been classed with the prominent lawyers of Tacoma. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 259 

In 1892 Mr. Riddell was united in marriage in Tacoma to Miss Carrie 
M. Page, and to them have been born two sons, Crockett Pemberton Riddell 
and Robert Page Riddell. Mr. Riddell organized and became captain of the 
Washington Rifles, a private military organization which became locally fa- 
mous and which presented him with a fine sword, but it has since disbanded. 
One member of the company, through the training he got therein, has be- 
come a lieutenant of the regular army and is stationed in the Philippines. 
Mr. Riddell is vice president of the Washington Society, Sons of the American 
Revolution, and secretary of the Alexander Hamilton Chapter, of the same 
society at Tacoma. He is a worthy representative of an honored family. 
The place he has won in the legal profession is accorded him in recognition 
of his skill and ability, and the place he occupies in the social world is a trib- 
ute to that genuine worth and true nobleness of character which are universal- 
ly recognized and honored. His law office is now located at 417 National 
Bank of Commerce building, Tacoma. 

JOHN H. PETERSON. 

John H. Peterson, treasurer of Jefferson county, residing at Port Town- 
send and one of the leading men of that city, was born in 1851 in Denmark, 
and is a son of Peter and Magdalene Peterson, the former of whom was a 
Dane by birth and a master shipbuilder by trade, his home being in Schleswig- 
Holstein. In 1848, when the people of that locality rebelled against tlieir ruler, 
the father joined the rebellion and fought as a rebel all through the conflict. 
He was enthusiastically devoted to the principles of liberty and justice, and 
was a great admirer of Abraham Lincoln, whom he considered the world's 
greatest exponent of those same principles. When the news arrived of the 
president's assassination, he was so affected that he wept for the first time in 
the memory of his family. He called his children about him and told them 
the story of Lincoln's noble life and sad death and of the great new country 
of which he had been president; of his anti-slavery principles and love of hu- 
man freedom, to which he was a martyr. Fired by the words of one who 
himself was so ardent a supporter of these same views, our subject resolved to 
emigrate and mold his future under the flag of the United States. . 

Having enjoyed the advantage of a good education, John H. Peterson 
was a teacher of languages and other branches in the schools of his native 
land, and was familiar with the English language, and consequently was well 
equipped when, in 1870, he arrived in the United States. He came directly 
to the Pacific coast, and in 1871 located in Pierce count}-, which was then a 
wilderness, there being only three white families in Tacoma. His first work- 
was as a logger, after which he went into the lumber mills and became thor- 
oughly familiar with that business. In 1878 he removed to Jefferson county, 
and went into ranching and teaming. At two sessions of the Washington leg- 
islature he was appointed watchman, and later was appointed to a position in 
the United States customs service at Port Townsend. In 1896 he was ap- 
pointed deputy county treasurer and filled that position continuously until 
1902. when the Republicans nominated him by acclamation for the office of 
county treasurer, and he was elected for the term of two years, 



260 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

In 1875, in the city of San Francisco, Mr. Peterson was married to 
Dorothy Sophia Christensen, and eight children have been born to them, 
four sons and four daughters. Mr. Peterson is a competent and experienced 
public official, a man of extensive reading and a genial, entertaining com- 
panion, who numbers his friends by legion, and is recognized as one of Jef- 
ferson county's most popular residents. 

OLAF UDNESS. 

Olaf Udness is a native of the land of the midnight sun, his birth hav- 
ing occurred in the city of Christiania, Norway, on the 28th of September, 
1862. His parents, Johannes and Louise (Olsen) Udness, were also natives 
of Norway, and the father died in that country in 1900 at the age of seventy- 
two years. The mother, however, still survives and is living in her native land 
at the age of sixty-nine years. In their family were two sons and two daugh- 
ters : Olaf ; Sverre, who at the age of twenty-eight years is living in Nor- 
way ; Anna, also of that country ; and Marie, the wife of Harald Schneider, 
of Norway. 

At the usual age Olaf Udness entered the schools of Christiania, where 
he continued his studies until he had mastered the brandies of the high school 
course. At the age of eighteen he entered upon his business career as a sales- 
man in a dry-goods house, where he remained for about a year, and later was 
bookkeeper and correspondent for a wholesale leather house in Christiania 
for seven years. America, however, attracted him, and. bidding adieu to 
friends and native land, he sailed for the United States in 1888. At once 
he crossed the continent to Washington, and in Seattle he became a clerk in a 
justice court, occupying that position, however, for only a short time. In 
the fall of the same year he became connected with the laundry business as an 
employe of the Cascade Laundry Company. He worked in various depart- 
ments, thus acquiring a very large and comprehensive knowledge of the busi- 
ness, and for a time served as manager of the city office in Seattle. In the 
spring of 1889 he came to Whatcom in company with Charles Erholm, and 
together they opened a small hand laundry, but soon established a steam plant 
at 1730 North Elk street. They have since conducted a general laundry busi- 
ness, and also do a large portion of the work in their line for the steamship 
companies and for the Alaska steamship trade. They have fourteen offices 
outside of Whatcom and eighteen city branches, and their business extends 
from Blaine to Sedro Woolley. On their pay roll are fifty employes, and they 
have six wagons utilized in the city trade. Their plant consists of the most 
improved machinery known to the business, and the) - have every facility for 
turning out excellent work. 

On the 30th of May, 1890, Mr. Udness was united in marriage to Miss 
Augusta Schilling, a daughter of Fritz and Caroline Schilling, both of whom 
are natives of Norway. They now have two interesting daughters, Astri 
and [ngrid, aged respectively twelve and nine years. Mr. Udness belongs to 
the Commercial Club. His political views are in harmony with the principles 
of the Republican party, as is manifested by the ballot which he always casts 
in ils support, and his religious faith is that of the Lutheran church. Since 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 2G1 

Mr. Udness came to Puget Sound he lias always taken an active part in the 
musical life of its different cities, having sung- the barytone solos at the most 
prominent concerts and oratorios in Seattle, Tacoma. Everett and Whatcom. 

CHARLES ERHOLM. 

The little country of Finland has sent its due proportion of citizens to 
the new world. Of this class Charles Erholm is a representative. He was 
born in Aland, Finland, on the 25th of September, 1868, a son of fohn and 
Maria (Lundell) Erholm, who were also natives of the same country. The 
father was a sea captain and for many years sailed on the briny deep." In the 
year 1887, however, he brought his wife to America, and they are now resi- 
dents of Whatcom. Charles Erholm had five brothers and one' sister, namely : 
John, who at the age of forty-four years is living [ n Whatcom; George, who 
is forty years of age and makes his home in New York; Mathias, who is 
thirty-seven years of age, and lives in South America; Hugo, who is twenty- 
eight years of age and is a resident of Whatcom; Victor, who is now de- 
ceased ; and Nannie, the wife of Captain M. Sjolund, of New York. 

During the winter months in his boyhood days Charles Erholm attended 
the public schools of Finland, but when fifteen years of age he went to sea 
in one of his father's vessels, where he acted successively as cabin-boy, cook 
and sailor. He was also for two years second mate, and his service on the 
vessel covered in all five years. His father was the commander of a mer- 
chant-man, sailing in the north seas and the English channel. Mr. Erholm 
once suffered shipwreck while on a voyage to Barcelona, Spain, 111 the ves- 
sel Garibalda. In the spring of 1886, accompanied by his brother John, 
he crossed the Atlantic to the new world, being attracted by the opportunities 
of this country. He made his way direct to Merrill, Wisconsin, where he 
remained until 1888 and in that year arrived on the Pacific coast. Locating 
in Seattle, he there worked during the winter of that year on the Seattle, 
Lake Shore and Eastern Railroad, and in the spring of 1889 he came to What- 
com in company with Olaf Udness. In the meantime both, had learned the 
laundry business in Seattle, and here they opened a hand laundry known as 
the Sehome Laundry. In the fall of 1889 they erected a building for the 
accommodation of their business, at 1730 North Elk street, and started in on 
a small scale, but their patronage rapidly increased until they were compelled 
to enlarge their plant from time to time. They now occupy a building fifty- 
four by one hundred and twelve feet, and they established the first steam 
laundry in Whatcom county- Employment is given to more than fifty people, 
and five wagons are continually utilized in gathering the work for the laun- 
dry and in delivering the laundered goods. Mr. Erholm is acting as general 
superintedent of the plant, and the business now requires the greater part of 
his time and attention because of its extensive proportions. The linn enjoy 
a reputation for excellent work and for reliable dealing, and to this cause may 
be attributed the success of the enterprise. 

In 1892 occurred the marriage of Mr. Erholm and Miss Elise Swiberg, 
a native of Finland. They have one son, Casper I'no, now six yeai oi age. 
The parents hold membership in the Lutheran church, and Mr. Erholm be- 



262 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

longs to the Commercial Club and gives his political support to the Repub- 
lican party. He takes a very active interest in the welfare and advancement 
of Whatcom, and his co-operation has been felt as a potent factor in the city's 
improvement. 

THE MASON COUNTY JOURNAL. 

No collection of dwellings or congregation of peoples toward one spot 
assumes the dignity of corporate existence so as to deserve the name of vil- 
lage until the three great powers of civilization — the church, the school, the 
newspaper — have taken their places among the institutions of the people. In 
1886 what is now the thriving county seat of Mason county, Washington, was 
but a congeries of cabins for the shelter of those engaged in the logging in- 
dustry. In the month of December of that year the citizens read the local 
news for the first time in a sheet published within the confines of their own 
town, which appeared under the title of The Mason County Journal, whose 
bold and energetic owner and editor was Grant C. Angle. This paper has 
achieved success since that time, and has come to be an indispensable factor 
in the affairs of the town. At present the Journal is a weekly, four-page, 
seven-column folio, and is devoted to the interests of Mason county, and of 
the Republican party. Mr. Angle, who has the honor of being a member of 
the state senate, was the sole editor and publisher until January, 1901, at 
which time the Hon. G. B. Gunderson became a joint owner, and these gen- 
tlemen devote their best efforts to making the Journal a power in the com- 
munity and a model newspaper. In 1901 they published a " Pan-American 
Exposition Supplement," which was richly illustrated and set forth in a con- 
vincing manner the resources of Mason county, an excellent advertisement for 
the country and an honor to the editors. Both these gentlemen are well known 
in Mason county, and a brief sketch of their lives would be apropos at this 
point. 

Grant C. Angle was born in Chinese Cam]), Tuolumne county, California, 
on July 24, 1868. His father, C. C. Angle, was a native of New York, moved 
to California in 1861, and became the owner of a large farm at Anaheim, 
Orange county, where his wife died. Grant began to earn his own living 
when he was still a boy, and, coming to Washington territory in 1882, learned 
the printer's trade at Olympia with C. B. Bagley. In 1S86 he came to Shelton 
to start the Journal, and was at that time the youngest editor in the state. He 
has been closely identified with the welfare of his town, served for some years 
as city treasurer, and was elected by the people of the county to the state senate, 
where he was a very creditable representative of his district. In 1890 Mr. 
Angle was married to Miss llattie Thomas, a native of New Jersey, and they 
have five children, all born in Shelton: Robert, Lucy, Mary, Eber and Her- 
bert. The family reside in one of Shelton's pleasant homes and are highly 
respected people. I te lias passed all the chairs in his lodge of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, ami lias represented the lodge in the state grand lodge; 
he is also a member of the Woodmen of the World and the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. Mr. Angle was appointed postmaster of Shelton March 
30th and assumed charge of the office in July, 1903. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 263 

G. B. Gunderson is a native of the state of Wisconsin, completed his edu- 
cation in Iowa, and then taught school and fanned for some years. He came 
to Washington in 1889, and in 1894 was elected superintendent of instruction 
in Mason county, and again in 1896. He was principal of the Shelton schools 
in 1894-95, and in 1898-1900, and again in 1902 was chosen a member ol the 
lower house of the state legislature. 

DEWITT C. BRAWLEY. 

For a number of years Dewitt C. Brawley was numbered among the 
representative citizens and business men of Seattle, and in his death the entire 
community felt that an irreparable loss had been sustained by the public. He 
had been intimately associated with several of the leading industries of the 
locality, his genius and indubitable talent as a financier and business manager 
resulting in the prosperity of these enterprises. His entire career was marked 
by signal integrity, justice and honor, and no word of detraction was ever 
heard from those who knew him well. 

Mr. Brawley was born near Meadville, Crawford county, Pennsylvania, 
on the 3rd of May, 1842, and is descended from one of the early and honored 
families of that county. His grandfather, James Brawley, was a native of 
Eastport, Pennsylvania, and while engaged in government service he assisted 
in the survey of western Pennsylvania. William Brawley, the father of our 
subject, had the honor of being the first white child born in Crawford county, 
and he was there married to Miss Jane Stewart, a native of Erie county. 
Pennsylvania, by whom he had five children. He was a farmer and miller 
by occupation, and both he and his wife were valued members of the Methodist 
church. For forty years of his life he held the office of justice of the peace 
in his township. His life's labors were ended in death at the age of seventy- 
four years, and he was survived by his loving wife for a considerable period, 
she passing away in her ninety-first year. 

Dewitt C. Brawley received the advantages of a common school educa- 
tion during his youth, and he remained under the parental roof until he al 
tained to years of maturity. About this time the noted Drake oil well was 
discovered within twenty miles of his home, and in the great oil excitement 
which followed our subject and his brothers began assisting in the construe 
tion of wells. Later they began operating on their own account, and by their 
industrious and intelligent efforts they became very successful in that line. 
their best results being obtained at Moody's Gulch and at Pit Hole. In [879 
William R. Brawley, who was our subject's partner in all his business ven 
tures, came to Seattle to make investments, purchasing coal and timber lands, 
and in 1882 he was joined in this cit) by Dewitt C, but a short time after- 
ward he returned to Pennsylvania to settle up their business in the east, re- 
turning to the Pacific coast in [889. In the meantime they became largely 
interested in farming land, but during the great fire of [889 they met with 
severe losses. After the rebuilding of the city they established a brickyard. 
and many of the brick houses now standing in Seattle are built from the 
product of this manufactory. They also platted the Brawley addition to 
the city of Seattle, which has been since sold and improved. In 1XN7 the 



264 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

brothers were fortunate investors in oil property near Bowling Green, Ohio, 
becoming by purchase the owners of the famous Ducat well, which yielded 
a flow of two hundred barrels of oil per hour, but eighteen months later they 
sold this well to the Standard Oil Company and retired from the oil business. 
During the time of the great financial panic of 1893, in which many of the 
substantial citizens of the northwest lost their property, the Brawley brothers 
were great sufferers, but such was the reliability of their character that they 
were able to meet their obligations and thus saved much of their property. 

The year 1880 witnessed the marriage of Mr. Brawley and Miss Ella 
Thomas. She is a daughter of George Thomas of Cambridge Springs, Penn- 
sylvania, a prominent farmer and the pioneer manufacturer of cheese in that 
part of the state. The union proved a happy one. and resulted in the birth 
of two children, both born in Seattle: Lee J. and Ruth. The son is now 
a member of the senior class in the Seattle high school, is captain of the 
cadets, and is one of the promising native sons of the northwest. On the 
14th of March. 1900, the loving husband and father was called from the 
scene of earth's activities, but his memory is still enshrined in the hearts of 
his many friends. In his young manhood he became identified with the 
Masonic fraternity, and throughout the remainder of his life he exemplified 
its helpful and beneficent principles in his every day life. His religious 
preferences are indicated by his membership in the Baptist church, of which 
his widow is also a member. He was a man of firm convictions, honest pur- 
pose, kindly nature and upright life, and the world is better for his having lived. 

MARION C. LATTA. 

Marion C. Latta, who is proprietor of a book and stationery store in 
Whatcom, has for a number of years been identified with the industrial and 
commercial interests of the city and has also figured prominently in connection 
with public affairs, filling a number of offices in a manner that has promoted 
the welfare of the community. He is a native of East Palestine, Ohio, horn 
June K), [845. I lis father, Ezra Latta, was born in Pennsylvania and was 
descended from Scotch-Irish ancestors who located in this country at an 
early period in its development. During his business career he followed both 
milling ami farming. lie wedded Mary Huston, who was born in Ohio and 
belonged to one of the old Virginian families. His death occurred in 1900, 
and Mrs. Latta passed away in [892. They were the parents of two sons and 
a daughter: Marion ('. ; Alonzo C, a farmer of eastern Ohio: and Louisa, 
the wife of Joseph Near, an agriculturist of Texas. 

In the public school of the Buckeye state Marion C. Latta mastered the 
branches of learning usually taught in such institutions. It was in 1861 that 
he put aside his texl hooks and entered upon his business career, being en- 
gaged in railroad work, coal mining and farming for several years. In 
1875 he took up the carpenter's and builder's trade, and at thai time went to 
Seattle, where he was connected with building interests until 1883. The lat- 
ter year witnessed his arrival in Whatcom, and here lie was connected with 
industrial arts until [902, erecting many important buildings not only in What- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 265 

com but also in Seattle. Among those that stand as monuments to his skill 
and handiwork are the First National Bank building, the Bellingham Hotel 
and the Utter residence, which for many years was considered the most 
palatial home on Bellingham bay. Mr. Latta employed many men, having 
an extensive patronage. He continued to engage in building until 1902, when, 
on the 1st of November of that year, he opened his present book and station- 
ery store, thus becoming identified with mercantile interests of Whatcom. 
The same practical judgment and keen discrimination, brought to bear in 
the conduct of the new enterprise, will undoubtedly insure his success in this 
undertaking. 

A recognized leader in the ranks of the Republican party in Whatcom, 
Mr. Latta has labored earnestly for its growth and success, and has also been 
honored with a number of local offices. While in Kansas he was clerk in 
Elm township, and was also justice of the peace for four years. He assisted 
in organizing the township and the school district there, and was a member 
of the school board for five years. He assisted in the organization of the 
government of the old town of Whatcom in 1884, and was elected a member 
of its first city council. He also served in the third year of the organization. 
In 1889 he was the successful nominee on the Repulican ticket for the ofl 
of mayor, and in the administration of the city's affairs was fearless and 
faithful in the discharge of his duties. In 1890 he was elected county com- 
missioner and served for one year. In 1892 he was again chosen a member 
of the city council, upon the organization of the new city of Whatcom, which 
was formed by the consolidation of the old town and Sehome. In 1891 he 
was chosen by popular ballot for the office of city treasurer, and in all these 
positions he has discharged his duties in a manner that has promoted the 
best interests of his fellow citizens. He was twice a candidate for the state 
legislature, but could not overcome the strong majority of the opposition. 
From the time of his arrival in Whatcom until 1900 he attended all the county 
conventions of his party, and his opinions carry weight and influence in Re- 
publican councils in his locality. 

On the 1 6th of September, 1867. Mr. Latta married Miss Mary E. Pal- 
mer, a daughter of Michael Palmer, a farmer of East Palestine, Ohio. Her 
grandfather served in the war of 181 2. and the family is of English-German 
descent. Mrs. Latta was born in Ohio, and by her marriage became the mother 
of three children, but two died in infancy. The surviving daughter, Mary E., 
is with her parents. Mr. Latta belongs to the Masonic fraternity, and is 
highly esteemed by his brethren of the craft and by his fellow citizens outside 
its ranks. 

NORMAN R. SMITH. 

As will be seen during the course of this article, the family of which the 
above named is a member has always been connected with large enterprises, 
and thus from the commanding position they have always assumed there 
descends to those of the present generation a breadth of view and greatness 
of character which is exemplified not least in the career of Norman R. Smith, 
who in the course of his lifetime has executed some enterprises of great im- 



266 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

portance and in some measure has carried out the extensive plans cherished 
and begun by his most worthy father. 

The earliest ancestors of Mr. Smith were prominent in the following of 
Roger Williams, when they established themselves in Rhode Island to escape 
persecution, and, through all the generations down to the father of Norman 
Smith, members of the family have taken a prominent part in affairs wherever 
they have been. Victor Smith, whose career is so closely linked with that of 
his son, the subject of this sketch, was a native of Elmira, New York. He 
entered the profession of journalism, and coming to Ohio was made city editor 
of the Cincinnati Commercial, of which the great journalist, Murat Halstead, 
was the editor. He was a strong abolitionist, and owing to his forceful char- 
acter took a decided stand on all public questions; by his advocacy through 
the columns of his paper he was of material assistance to the Union cause. 
He was a friend and admirer of Salmon P. Chase, and was one of the bat- 
ter's earnest supporters, by personal persuasion and convincing articles in the 
Commercial , when Chase was elected governor of Ohio in 1856, again in 
1858, and when he was subsequently promoted to the office of secretary of the 
treasury under President Lincoln. Secretary Chase took Mr. Smith with him 
to Washington, and soon after, in 1861, had him appointed as collector of 
customs for the Puget Sound district. Previous to assuming the duties of 
this position Mr. Smith had served as a member of the citizens' defense com- 
mittee when the Confederate army was threatening to enter Washington, 
and when the bridge was burned at Harper's Ferry he had charge of the build- 
ing of the pontoon bridge which took its place. 

In the latter part of 1861 Mr. Smith brought his wife and five children 
to Puget Sound, by way of the Isthmus. He was one of the pioneers of this 
district, and was the first settler of Port Angeles, which, through his efforts, 
was made the port of entry for the Puget Sound district; and he prepared the 
bills for congressional action by which, in 1862, the town of Port Angeles 
was laid out and established as a military reservation. It possesses the unique 
distinction of being the only town in the United States established by the 
federal government, with the exception of Washington, D. C, and it retained 
that honor until 1804, when the lots on the site were sold by the government 
at auction under the supervision of Captain O'Toole. 

It was thus early before the west and east had been linked with bands of 
steel or the Union Pacific had been completed, that the far-seeing mind of 
Victor Smith evolved the plan of a transcontinental railroad to connect Du- 
luth and Port Angeles. During the war he made several trips to Washington 
on government business, and in one of these, while at Duluth, he gave incep- 
tion to what in later years resulted in the accomplishment of his project, the 
fulfillment of which, however, he did not live to see. 

In [865 Mr. Smith's position was changed to that of special agent of the 
treasury department for the Puget Sound district, and in that year he made 
his last trip to Washington city. While there be was placed in charge, by 
the department, of the transportation of nearly three million dollars from 
Washington to San Francisco, by way of Cape Horn. In the spring of the 
year he sailed with the treasure on the ship Golden Rule, from New York city. 
This treasure ship was wrecked on a coral reef in the Caribbean Sea, and the 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 267 

vessel was despoiled of its precious freight. Mr. Smith continued the journey 
by way of the Isthmus, but, before reaching his home in Port Angeles, was 
drowned by the sinking of the Brother Jonathan in coming up from San 
Francisco. Mr. Smith was a reformer by inheritance, was true to his convic- 
tions, and courageous in trial. One incident will illustrate this point. During 
the war a traitorous set of officers of a United States warship put in at Vic- 
toria, across the strait from Port Angeles, and were in the act of selling the 
vessel to enemies of the government. Mr. Smith, on hearing of the affair, 
hastened across and at the point of a gun cowed the officers, and he himself 
conducted the ship over to United States territory. 

The wife of Victor Smith was Caroline Rogers, and she, too, was of a 
noted family. She was born at Plymouth, New Hampshire, a daughter of 
Nathaniel P. Rogers, a well known lawyer and litterateur of Concord, the 
same state. He was the editor of the Herald of freedom, a strenuous aboli- 
tion organ, and he devoted most of his life and ability to that cause. Through 
his paper he became known all over the east, and the New England states in 
particular, as is shown by the poet Whittier's remark. " I hate the things of 
which Rogers writes,'' (that is, things connected with slavery). Caroline 
Rogers was one of four sisters, who, gifted with good voices and imbued 
with the spirit of freedom, helped anti-slavery agitation by singing abolition 
songs at public meetings in New England. One of these sisters became the 
wife of John R. French, who was sergeant at arms of the United States senate 
from 1868 to 1873, and afterward went into journalism, being editor of the 
Boise (Idaho) Statesman at the time of his death. Another sister was the 
wife of Thomas L. Kimball, wdio was vice president of the Union Pacific Rail- 
road in its early days. One of the ancestors of Caroline Rogers was John 
Rogers, one of the martyrs of Smithfield, England, where he was burned at 
the stake for heresy. Mrs. Victor Smith long survived her husband and died 
in 1890. 

Thus by ancestry and parentage Norman R. Smith was equipped by na- 
ture for large affairs, yet his career had many rough places and was remark- 
ably varied and eventful. He was born at Loveland, Ohio, in 1S57. As a 
boy he had accompanied his father on several trips to Washington and had 
been present at interviews with the celebrities of the time. Lincoln, Chase and 
others. Before he was eight years old he had crossed the Isthmus of Panama 
five times. He was with his father at the wreck of the Golden Rule. As his 
father had not been a money-making man, members of his family were com- 
pelled, at his death, to do whatever they could to get along. In [869 they 
left Port Angeles and went east. Through the influence of his uncle, John R. 
French, Norman was appointed a page in the United States senate. In 1870 
he went to Iowa and worked on a farm, and a little later took charge of a farm 
and ran it until 1876. The scene was then changed to San Francisco, where 
he shipped before the mast. From the proceeds of his seafaring life, which 
he followed for some time, he saved enough to" partly educate himself for the 
engineering profession, which had for some time been his ambition. For four 
years he studied under private tuition in San Francisco, and at the same time 
worked to support himself. He was then well qualified for the practical du- 
ties of engineering, and he started out with John Minto, the oldest representa- 



& 



268 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

tive of the government on the coast, and later was with the coast and geodetic 
survey under Professor Davidson. This work, which occupied him till 1880, 
took him all over California, and in 1881 he came to Port Angeles, which 
had, in the years since his father's departure, almost passed out of existence. 
He was engaged in engineering work in this vicinity until 1885, and he then 
took steps to resuscitate the moribund town by building the first dock. It 
was his ambition to make this a place of importance in the northwest, such as 
his father had desired, and for several years he spent all his energies in this 
direction. In 1890, with his associate Mr. Mastick, he brought a colony of 
about a thousand people here, and, in fact, he figures as the original boomer 
of the new Port Angeles. In the same year he succeeded in getting through 
Congress a bill establishing the town as a sub-port of entry, which distinction 
had been lost since 1865. And by his efforts, in 1894, a bill was passed by 
which the townsite was released from government control and provision was 
made for the sale of lots at auction. 

Thus in some measure, at least, the dreams of the father were realized in 
the accomplishments of the son, and the present thriving town of Port An- 
geles is a lasting memorial to the efforts of these two men. It was in fulfill- 
ment of the vow which he had made to carry out the designs of his father, 
that Mr. Smith, in 1892, made a preliminary survey of a railroad from Port 
Angeles to Gray's Harbor, which is the western end of the Northern Pacific. 
To retain possession of this proposed route he built a section of railroad 
through the pass in the Olympic mountains. For the next few years he was 
engaged in other engineering enterprises, and in 1897 went to Alaska and 
made the preliminary surveys for the White Pass and Yukon Railroad. He 
was then engaged in government and mining surveying in that country, and 
made two complete trips from Nome across Alaska, thus adding to the map 
vast portions of country that had never before been scientifically measured. 
It was not until September, 1902, that he returned to Port Angeles to resume 
work on his railroad and make this city a tidewater terminus. He interested 
eastern capitalists in the scheme, and soon the grading was in progress and 
rails are now being laid from the Port Angeles end. The road will run in a 
general southwesterly direction from here to a point of connection with the 
Northern Pacific, which is being extended north from Gray's Harbor. The 
company is organized as the Port Angeles Pacific Railroad Company, of 
which Mr. Smith is the president and general manager. This line will tap 
the largest area of virgin forest in the northwest, the timber in which is said 
to be of untold extent and value. 

From the preceding paragraphs it will be seen that the life of Mr. Smith 
has been a busy and eventful one, fraught with great enterprises that have 
been of use to mankind. The extent of his work as an engineer can be judged 
by the fact that he has surveyed and explored the entire Pacific coast from 
Mexico to the Arctic circle. Mr. Smith was married in San Francisco to 
May I. Vestal, the daughter of a well known forty-niner, whose home is in 
Santa Cruz. One son has been born to them, Chester Victor Smith. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 269 

AUSTIN P. BURWELL. 

Austin Peck Burwell, who has for several years been the president of 
the Seattle Cracker and Candy Company, occupies a foremost position in 
commercial circles in this city, having achieved splendid success through 
business methods that will bear the closest investigation and scrutiny. He 
is a native of Pennsylvania, his birth having occurred in the city of Mercer, 
in Mercer county, January 31, 1848. He is of English ancestry and the line 
of descent in this country can be traced back to John Burwell, who came to 
Massachusetts when the Mayflower made its second voyage. He located 
near Middletown. Connecticut, and Elias Burwell, the grandfather of our 
subject, was born in New Haven. Connecticut. When he had arrived at 
man's estate he married Miss Amy Piatt, of Milford, Connecticut. In the 
Charter Oak state he engaged in business as a manufacturer of clocks. He 
held membership in the Congregational church and lived an upright life, but 
was called to his final rest at the early age of thirty-three years, dying of 
pneumonia. His wife long survived him and attained the advanced age of 
eighty-two years. Their son, Austin Smith Burwell, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born on the 12th of February, 18 r 4 , and married Miss Susan Peck, 
of Orange, Connecticut. He, too. engaged in the manufacture of clocks and 
also conducted a cabinet-making business in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. In 
1847 ne removed to Mercer, that state, where he opened a large general 
mercantile establishment, continuing in business there until 1871, when he 
was succeeded by his two eldest sons, A. P. and A. S. Burwell. In 1885 
he came to Seattle, where he remained until his death, which occurred on 
the 23d of March, 1901, when he had reached the advanced age of eighty- 
seven years. He was a most public spirited gentleman, taking a deep interest 
in every movement and measure calculated to advance the general welfare. 
For two terms he served as mayor of the city, and was a most honorable and 
upright officer. Both he and his wife were consistent Christians and the 
influence of their characters is seen in the lives of their children. They had 
four sons and three daughters, all of whom became identified with Christian 
work at an early age. They lost one son, Harvey, when only seven years 
of age. 

Austin Peck Burwell obtained bis early education in the public schools of 
his native town and supplemented it by a five years' course in Oberlin College, 
where he was graduated in the class of 1870. He then engaged witli his 
brother in the conduct of the business which their father had established 
and in which they met with gratifying success. After conducting the enter- 
prise for eighteen years they sold the store, and in 1885 came to Seattle, 
which was then a city of about ten thousand population. Here the three 
brothers, Austin P., Anson S. and Edward, became identified with busine 
affairs. ' They organized the Seattle Hardware Company, carrying on a 
wholesale and' retail business which grew to very large proportions. In fa< 1. 
this is now the most extensive enterprise of the kind in the state of Wash- 
ington. Mr. Burwell remained in the firm for nine years and then sold his 
interest to his brothers who still continue the store. In [894 he aided in 
organizing the Seattle Cracker & Candy Company and was elected its presi- 



270 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

dent and manager, continuing in control of its affairs with marked success 
until 1899, when the business was sold to the Pacific Biscuit Company, a 
large corporation which now controls the greater part of the business in 
this line in the state, Mr. Burwell being retained as manager of the branch 
in Seattle and also of the business throughout the state of Washington to 
western Idaho and to Alaska. They manufacture all their own goods, in- 
cluding a very large line of confectionery of every description. Mr. Burwell 
gives his entire attention to the management and operation of the important 
and extensive business which is under his control, yet has various other in- 
vestments which materially increase his annual income. He is a member of 
the Chamber of Commerce of the city and for two terms served as one of its 
trustees. 

On the third of August, 1871, was celebrated the marriage of Austin 
P. Burwell and Miss Anna Nourse, who had been one of his classmates at 
Oberlin College. They have two daughters, Mary Elizabeth, now the wife 
of G. F. Waterhouse, of Honolulu, and Susan B., who is with her parents. 
All are valued members of the Congregational church, of which Mr. Burwell 
is a deacon. He is also active in the work of the Sunday-school, teaching 
one of the adult Bible classes, and for several terms has served most ac- 
ceptably as Sunday-school superintendent. He contributes liberally to the 
support of the church and floes all in his power to promote the moral progress 
of the community with which he has allied his interests. His political sup- 
port is given the Republican party but he has never been an office seeker. The 
cause of education finds in him a warm friend, and for a number of terms he 
has served as one of the school directors, several of the fine school buildings 
of the city having been erected during his official connection with educa- 
tional interests here. He has never neglected an opportunity to do his city 
a good service. Mr. Burwell and each of his brothers have built expensive 
and beautiful homes which stand side by side, their lawns being undivided 
by fences. The business relations between them have ever been of the most 
harmonious character and all are regarded as upright and "honorable men 
who have deservedly won a score of friends in the city of their adoption. 
Surrounded at his home by a large circle of friends who appreciate his true 
worth, and admired and esteemed by the citizens of the community, the 
name of Austin P. Burwell will be honored for many generations as that of 
one of the must enterprising business men of Seattle — a man who has acted 
well his part and who has lived a worthy and honored life. 

JAMES F. ESHELMAN. 

For twenty-one years a resident of Seattle, James F. Eshelman has done 
much for the growth and improvement of the city through his real estate 
operations and through the promotion of a colonization movement. He 
was born August 10, 1852, in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, a son of Henry 
Eshelman, who was born in the Keystone state and was descended from a 
Swiss family that was established in Pennsylvania about 173 2. By trade 
he was a cooper, and for many years engaged in the manufacture of barrels. 
As a companion and helpmate on life's journey he chose Miss Marv Danner, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 271 

who was also born in Pennsylvania, and belonged to a family of Swiss 
origin established in that state in the last century. Mr. Eshelman died in 
1893, at the advanced age of eighty years, and his wife passed away in 1899, 
at the age of seventy-nine years. They were the parents of four children, 
the brother of our subject being Albert D. Eshelman, a well known citizen 
of Seattle. The sisters are Margaret, the deceased wife of William Mum- 
mert, and Anna M., the widow of George W. Young, of Seattle. 

James F. Eshelman was taken to Ohio during his youth, and pursued 
his education in the public schools of Canton, that state, and in the Canton 
Academy. He left school at the age of eighteen years and accepted a clerk- 
ship in a bank in Canton, where he remained for eight years, during which 
time he became familiar with the business in all its departments. His ability 
and indefatigable industry won him promotion from time to time until he 
became teller. In 1878 that bank opened a branch bank in Leadville, Colo- 
rado, and Mr. Eshelman was sent to the west as president of the latter in- 
stitution, which was known as the Lake County Bank. In 1879 this was in- 
corporated as the First National Bank of Leadville, and Mr. Eshelman was 
elected president of the corporation, continuing to act in that capacity until 
1881, when he resigned. In the spring of 1882, after taking a trip to South 
America, he came to Seattle and began dealing in real estate as a member 
of the firm of Eshelman, Llewellyn & Company, remaining in this business 
until 1894. The firm was extensively interested in West Seattle property, 
and did much to settle up and improve that part of the city. From 1883 until 
1894 Mr. Eshelman was also largely interested in the colonization of the 
state, having interested more than fifty thousand people who have taken up 
their abode in this city or state. 

On the 1st of November. 1881, Mr. Eshelman was married to Miss 
Frances F. Forney, a native of Pennsylvania and a daughter of Graybill and 
Mary Forney, who were likewise born in the Keystone state. This was Mr. 
Eshelman's second marriage. In September, 1877, he had wedded Mary 
Sharpe, who was a native of Indianapolis, Indiana, and a daughter of Charles 
and Patience Sharpe. also of Indianapolis. Mrs. Eshelman died in December, 
1879, leaving a daughter, Leila, now the wife of Fred R. Gillette, who is with 
the Seattle Hardware Company. 

In his social relations Mr. Eshelman is a Mason, and belongs to the 
Advent Christian church, of which he is one of the trustees. He takes an 
active interest in church work and contributes liberally to its support. In 
business affairs he has manifested sound judgment, keen foresight and marked 
enterprise, and his exercise of these qualities has brought to him richly merited 
success, making him one of the substantial residents of his adopted city. 

JACOB E. MOHN. 

Jacob E. Mohn, one of the leading merchants of Bothell, Washington, 
was born May 13, 1855, in Molde, Norway, a son of Hans Mohn, horn in 
Norway, and who was a farmer and at one time in the service of the goi 
eminent customs. The family is an old one of Norway. The father died in 
1883. The mother was Bertha (Jacobson) Mohn, also a native of Norway, 



272 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

of an old farming stock. Her death occurred in 1892. Three children were 
born to these parents, namely: Gotfreid, residing in Norway, a farmer; 
Jacob E. ; Hannah, living in Norway. 

Jacob E. Mohn was educated in the common schools of Norway, and 
at the age of fifteen years went into the office with his cousin, a government 
telegraph operator in Molde, Norway. There he remained nine months, 
and then returned home for a year and a half, when he was engaged in cooper 
work in a seaport town. His next venture was shipping clerk for a large 
factory in Gjovik, a small town in the southern part of Norway. There he 
remained three years and then left to work in a general store at Aandalsness, 
near Molde, where he stayed until 1881 and then crossed to America. His 
first stopping place was North Dakota, whither he went with Gesh Erick- 
son. There the young men engaged in raising wheat, but after a year Mr. 
Mohn went to Portland, Oregon, and in March, 1884, he came to Bothell in 
company with Mr. Ericksou. In this vicinity he purchased eighty acres, and 
has since made it his home. During the early days he engaged in whatever 
business came to hand, and in 1898 was bookkeeper for W. A. Hannan and 
also for the Co-operative Shingle Company, and held that position three 
years. This same corporation bought out the stock of general merchandise 
owned by Reder & Company, and Mr. Mohn purchased an interest in the 
company, and has had charge of its store department ever since and been its 
treasurer and one of its directors. In 1890 he was connected with a logging 
company which operated on Lake Washington. 

He was a Republican until the Populistic movement, since when he has 
been a member of that party. In 189 1 he was an organizer of the party in 
his county. He has served as school director and school clerk, and has been 
supervisor for two terms. 

On June 27, 1886, he was married to Annie Ness, a native of Norway, 
and a daughter of John Ness, a sea captain of Norway, who comes of an old 
family of that country. The following children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Mohn: Hanford, who assists his father in the store; Ardnold, at 
school ; Agnes, Esther, Ragna and Edel. In religion the family are all Luth- 
erans, and Mr. Mohn was one of the original builders of the church in this 
vicinity. Fraternally he is a Maccabee. 

WILLIAM H. GILSTRAP. 

This gentleman, the curator and secretary of the Ferry Museum, pos- 
sesses talent which lias placed his name high among the portrait and land- 
scape painters of the Evergreen state. He was born in Effingham county, 
Illinois, on the 24th of April, 1849. an °l ' s °f English descent. The progen- 
itor of the family in this country was Thomas Gilstrap, who emigrated to 
America about 1750, or between 1725 and 1750, he took up his abode in 
North Carolina. He became the father of four sons, one of whom, Peter 
Gilstrap, became the great-great-grandfather of our subject and was a par- 
ticipant in the Revolutionary war. His son, Richard Gilstrap, born May 6, 
[768, removed from Rowan county, North Carolina, to Washington county, 
Indiana, about the year 1808, becoming one of the early pioneers of that por- 




-#V£ 'Qj&X^yL, 



[PUBLIC LIBRARY] 



AS TO«. LENOX A.ND 

Itildf.nfouhdatiomsi 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 273 

tion of the state, and, entering land from the government, continued to add to 
his possessions from time to time until lie became the owner of a choice sec- 
tion of fertile land. David Gilstrap, a son of this worthy Indiana pioneer, 
was born in North Carolina in June, 1791, and in addition to following ag- 
ricultural pursuits became an educator and was a minister in the Baptist 
church. In Kentucky, in 1812, he was united in marriage to Miss Hannah 
Reed, and in 1828 they emigrated to Shelby county, Illinois, where they were 
numbered among the early settlers, and in Fayette county, that state, in [849, 
he was called to his final rest. 

Among their sons was James Read, who became the father of our sub- 
ject, and whose birth occurred in Washington county, Indiana, in 1819. He, 
too, followed the profession of teaching, and also gave some of his attention 
to the tilling of the soil. His life's labors were ended in death in 1869, pass- 
ing away in the faith of the Baptist church, while his wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Nancy Ann Wood, her father having been William Wood, 
a native of Tennessee, died in 1854, when our subject was but five years of 
age. In political matters James R. Gilstrap was a Douglas Democrat, and 
was a Union man during the Civil war ; some of the members of his family 
were Republicans. One of his sons, David E. Gilstrap, is now a resident of 
eastern Oreeon. 

William H. Gilstrap, received his 'elementary education in the schools 
of Illinois, the state of his nativity, but after the death of his father he re- 
moved to McLean county, Illinois, and there spent some years on his uncle's 
farm. From his youth he displayed marked artistic ability, and in 1873, 
determining that art should become his life work, he began its study in Lin- 
coln, Illinois, which was later continued in Bloomington and Chicago, Illinois, 
and in 1875 ne embarked upon his professional career, while the twenty- 
eight years which have since intervened have but shown how wise was his 
judgment in choosing his life occupation. The first work which stamped 
him as a master was made in Wellington, Kansas, where, after the death 
of Miss Netty Davis, he was solicited by her parents to paint her portrait, 
and the life-sized painting which he produced attracted wide attention and 
was favorably commented on by the leading journals of that section. He 
subsequently did much other fine work which was shown in the art exhibits 
and were highly praised, some of which he still owns. In 1S86 he made a 
trip to the Rocky mountains, and made many sketches from the beautiful 
scenery to be found there. He also painted a life-sized picture of General 
John A. Logan, which was greatly admired by people of the highest artistic 
ability, while among his more recent productions is a large picture of Presi- 
dent McKinley. While residing in Illinois Mr. Gilstrap also taught paint- 
ing, and organized an art association in Bloomington. that state, in 1888. 
In September. 1889, he came to Omaha. Nebraska, and to Washington in 
1890. LJpon his leaving Bloomington the newspapers were very profuse 
in their writings of his high ability as an artist, and expressed pride in his 
having been a product of McLean county. In August. [890, he arrived in 
Tacoma, and in the following year painted a picture of "Pugel Sound, from 
the Mountain" fifty by twenty-two feet in size, and this was exhibited in 

18* 



274 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

the exposition building at Tacoma, upon which occasion the Orcgonian, in 
many well chosen words, declared it to be a wonderful work and Mr. Gil- 
strap an artist of much ability and large experience. This picture, however, 
was destroyed in the burning of that building. One of his most famous 
paintings is that of the portrait of Maria Litta Von Eisner, the celebrated 
singer of Bloomington, Illinois. 

In 1877 Mr. Gilstrap was united in marriage in Bloomington, Illinois, 
to Miss Eunice Denman, a native of Ohio and a daughter of Matthias Den- 
man, also a native of that state. Her great-grandfather, Matthias Denman, 
of New Jersey, at one time owned nearly all of the land on which the city 
of Cincinnati now stands. Three children have been born of this union, 
Edith, Eugene Franklin and James Raphael. The daughter was an accom- 
plished musician, and died March 12, 1903. The family reside in a 
pleasant and attractive home in Tacoma, where they dispense a gracious 
hospitality to their many friends and acquaintances. Mr. Gilstrap is now 
serving as president of an art club and has also organized an art school, 
while he was also one of the incorporators of the Washington Camera Cluh, 
of which he has since been secretary. In political matters he votes inde- 
pendently, but is an active temperance worker and was the candidate of the 
Prohibition party in 1892 for the position of secretary of state, during which 
time he published a Prohibition campaign text book, and in 1896 published 
the party paper, the Pacific Lancet. It will be remembered that 1892 was 
the year in which General Bidwell, of California, was their candidate for 
president. Mr. Gilstrap served as secretary of the central committee and did 
effective work for his party. Both he and his wife are valued members of 
the Christian church, in which he is serving as trustee and president of the 
official board. 

RONALD C. CRAWFORD. 

Great indeed have been the changes which time and man have wrought 
since Ronald C. Crawford landed on the Pacific coast. He is numbered 
among the pioneers of both Oregon and California, and is now a distinguished 
and honored resident of Seattle, where he is living retired in the enjoyment 
of a well earned rest after many years of toil, in which his efforts have con- 
tributed to the development and upbuilding of this section of the country as 
well as to his individual prosperity. When the rich mineral resources were 
still locked fast in the embraces of nature, when the rich land was unclaimed 
and uncultivated, when the Indians far outnumbered the white settlers, and 
life in the northwest was attended with many dangers and hardships, Mr. 
Crawford took up his abode on the Pacific coast and for fifty-five years has 
been identified witli its interests. 

He was born in Havana, New York, in 1827, and is of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry. His great-great-grandfather. William Crawford, emigrated, to 
Orange county. New York, and became the progenitor of the family in 
America. He was a Presbyterian in religious faith. His son. William Craw- 
ford, Jr., was born in New York and participated in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, while his son, Samuel Crawford, Ronald C. Crawford's grandfather, 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 275 



was a soldier in the war of 1812. The latter lived to be more than eighty 
years of age and died in 1847. Samuel G. Crawford, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Orange county. New York, in 1799, and married Miss 
Elizabeth Davis of the same county. Both attained to an advanced age. The 
father was a Republican and gave to the party an unfaltering support. He 
served as magistrate and in numerous other offices, and was a man of high 
Christian character and in his religious affiliations was a Congregationalist. 
He visited the Pacific coast in 1862, and his death occurred in 1S78. when 
he was seventy-nine years of age. His good wife departed this life in the 
fortieth year of her age. They were the parents of five children, all 
of whom lived to a good old age. and two of the sons yet survive, the brother 
of our subject being Leroy Crawford, now a resident of New York-. 

Ronald C. Crawford pursued his education in the schools of Havana, 
New York, and in 1847, when twenty years of age, crossed the plains to 
Oregon City. His brother. Medorem Crawford, had made the long voyage 
across the plains in 1842, and was one of the prominent pioneers of Oregon. 
For many years he was the honored president of the Pioneer Society of the 
state. He became the owner of a large farm in Yamhill county, and spent 
the remainder of his life there, being held in the highest regard by all. When 
our subject came to the Pacific coast in 1847 there was a large emigration. 
The company with which he traveled made the journey with ox teams, but 
Mr. Crawford had his own horse. He assisted the company in various ways, 
one of his duties being to ride on ahead, which he could do, as his horse trav- 
eled faster than the oxen, and select a suitable camping place for the night. 
His luggage was carried in one of the wagons in payment for the help which 
he rendered the party. There were large herds of buffalo upon the plains, 
and the party frequently saw Indians, hut were never molested by the red 
men. The six months' journey was terminated by their arrival at Oregon 
City, where Mr. Crawford engaged in freighting for two years. Then when 
the gold excitement in California was drawing people to the mines from all 
sections of the country, he also went there in search of the precious metal, 
making the journey on horseback, packing his equipments and necessary 
clothing. Reaching- the gold fields, he engaged in placer mining on the 
American river and on the Feather river above Sacramento, taking out gold 
to the value of from one hundred to two hundred and fifty dollars per day. 
He made a great deal, and when he returned to Oregon at the end of two 
years had a handsome stake for so young a man. He spent the winter of 
1851-2 in San Francisco, and in the spring returned to Oregon City. 

Not long after his arrival Mr. Crawford was happily married to M 
Elizabeth Moore, a native of Illinois, who crossed the plains with her father, 
fames M. Moore, in 1847. After their marriage they secured a donation 
claim in Clackamas county and resided thereon for five years, during which 
time our subject made many improvements upon his land and obtained his 
patent from the government. At the end of the period he removed to Walla 
Walla county and was engaged in mining, also in freighting from the mines 
of Walla Walla for four years. He was next appointed deputy collector of 
internal revenue, and spent six years in Salem, Oregon. He joined the Re 
publican partv at its organization, and was a strong Union man. 



276 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

In 1869 Mr. Crawford removed to Olympia, Washington, and established 
a furniture store, but the Northern Pacific Railroad Company did not make 
that town its terminus, and he closed out his business, removing to his farm 
in Lewis county, where he remained for five years, farming and improving 
his property. "At the expiration of that period he accepted the position of 
chief warden of the United States penitentiary on McNeal Island, having 
charge of the prisoners there for three years. In 1877 he became a resident 
of Seattle and accepted the position of pressman and afterward traveling agent 
for the Post-Intelligencer for five years. He then became interested in his 
present business, that of buying bonds and commercial paper of all descrip- 
tions. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Crawford have been born seven children, all natives 
of either Oregon or Washington. Five survive. They are as follows : Addie, 
the wife of M. E. Warren, of Dawson City; Samuel L., who is prominently 
engaged in the real estate business in Seattle; Fannie, the widow of Clark 
Biles; Ronald M., of Dawson; and Nellie, the wife of Captain Laurence S. 
Booth, who is engaged in the abstract business in Seattle. Mr. Crawford 
was for many years a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
In 1852 he was made a Master Mason in Multnomah Lodge No. 1, F. & A. 
M., the first Masonic lodge organized on the Pacific coast. For many years 
he has been an honorary member of St. John's Lodge of Seattle. In politics 
he is still a Republican, on whom the party can rely, and he has been honored 
with different official positions. While in Lewis county he was chosen to 
represent his district in the Washington territorial legislature of 1875. He 
was also postmaster and justice of the peace, filling all the positions at one 
time, creditably acquitting himself in the discharge of his manifold and varied 
duties. On coming to Seattle he purchased a residence near the University in 
order to educate his children, and has remained here for the past twenty-five 
years. His wife, with whom he has traveled life's journey for a half century, 
is a member of the Plymouth Congregational church, and both are numbered 
among the most respected citizens of Seattle. His connection with the north- 
west covers a very extended period, and in every sphere of life in which he 
has been called upon to move he has made an indelible impression, and by his 
excellent public service and upright life has honored the state which has 
honored him. 

HARVEY R. COX. 

Professor Harvey R. Cox comes of good English stock, and his grand- 
father was one of the old settlers of the state of Indiana, and fought the 
Indians under. General William Henry Harrison, being taken prisoner at 
the battle of Tippecanoe. Randolph Cox was a son of this Indian fighter, 
and was born in Indiana. He came to Iowa in the days of settlement of 
that commonwealth, and was a prosperous farmer and stock-raiser in Van 
Buren county. He was a soldier in the Mexican war, and at the outbreak 
of the Civil war volunteered for service, but was rejected on account of physical 
disability; but lie was made captain of the home militia company, and was 
prepared to protect his own home. In 1885 he moved to Mountain Grove, in 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 277 

southwest Missouri, and died there in September, 1901. He married Sarah 
Mcintosh, whose parents came from Scotland, but she was born in Virginia; 
she is also deceased. 

Harvey R. Cox was born to these parents in Keosauqua, Van Buren 
county, Iowa, in 1854. He was reared on his father's farm and attended the 
district schools, and later the graded school in Keosauqua. He early formed 
the intention of making teaching a profession, and to prepare himself for this 
took a course at the normal school at Troy, Iowa, where he graduated with 
a normal certificate. He continued his studies in the normal school at Bloom- 
field, Iowa, until he was twenty years old, and in 1873 began teaching in the 
schools of his home county. He came out to Washington in 1878, so early 
that he may be considered an old-timer, and for the following two vears was 
a teacher in the school at Goldendale, Klickitat county. For the next three 
years he was superintendent of the Indian school at Fort Simcoe, on the 
Yakima reservation, having been appointed by the government. In 1883 
lie came to Tacoma. at that time a small town, and in the following year 
was elected superintendent of schools of Pierce county for a term of two 
years, being the choice of the Republican party for this office. When his 
term was up, he held the principalship of the school at Fern Hill for four 
years, and at Orting for a year, and in 1892 was again elected county super- 
intendent of schools, and re-elected in 1894. He was then principal of the 
Oakland school in Tacoma for one year, and for the past five years has 
been principal of the Irving school. Such a continuous service is ample indi- 
cation of the estimation in which Professor Cox is held as an educator, and 
he has done much for the cause of education in Tacoma. In 1896 he was 
president of the State Teachers' Association. When he first came to the 
county the law provided for a board of examiners for each county, composed 
of the county superintendent and two other competent educators, and Pro- 
fessor Cox, through his official position and by appointment, served on that 
board for about ten years. 

Since coming to Washington Professor Cox has been a careful observer 
of events and a student of the history of the state, and especially of the Puget 
Sound country, and from the fact that he has been here so long and that he 
has given such intelligent attention to the subject, he is now considered an 
authority on the history of one of the most interesting commonwealths in 
the Union. In 1900 he prepared for the State Teachers' Association a paper 
on state history, and in 1901, at the county institute, he had charge of the 
department of state history and the history of education in Pierce county, 
investigation of these subjects having been a matter of interest to him for 
many years. 

Professor Cox takes considerable interest in politics, as a means of recre- 
ation more than for any other purpose, and. besides his own campaigns for 
the office of superintendent, has often held the offices of committeeman and 
delegate to the county and state conventions of the Republican party. In [882 
he was married at Puyallup to Miss Anna Weller, and they have three chil- 
dren, Mary, Andora and Allen. Mrs. Cox has been president of the Willard 
Young Woman's Christian Temperance Association, while her husband has 
just finished a term as grand master of the Grand Lodge of the Ancient 



a78 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

Order of United Workmen for the state of Washington, and for the past ten 
years has been prominent in the order, passing all the chairs in the state 
grand lodge. He is also a past grand of Fern Hill Lodge No. 93, I. O. O. F. 

THOMAS ROBINSON. 

A recent estimate by an expert of the amount of timber in the United 
States available for lumber placed the present supply at one and a half trillion 
feet, and it also gave Washington the third place as a lumber-producing 
state. This vast area makes one of the most profitable industries of the state, 
and it is therefore not surprising to find some of the ablest and most progressive 
men of the country engaged in some branch of lumbering. Tacoma is the 
center of a number of companies from which the finished product goes to all 
the markets of the world, and one of the foremost of these is the Robinson 
Mill Company, Incorporated, whose sole owner at present and organizer is 
Thomas Robinson. 

He is the son of John and Mary Jane (Harrison) Robinson, natives of 
England, and the former was a miller and grain merchant, having died about 
twenty years ago. Thomas was born in Nottingham, England, in 1859, in 
the same house where his mother was born. He remained in this house until 
lie was twenty years of age, gaining an education in the Nottingham schools 
and becoming accpiaiuted with bis father's business. In 1887 his enterprising 
spirit led him to leave his home and go to the United States. He came to that 
Missouri river metropolis, Kansas City, where he secured a position with a 
lumber firm, and from there went up the river to Atchison and was in the 
lumber business until 1891. This experience had given him an excellent 
insight into the details of the lumber trade, and he now sought a larger field 
by coming to Tacoma, where he was fortunate in obtaining a good place with 
a lumber company. In 1896 he gave up his position as a salaried employe 
and embarked on his own account in business by establishing the Robinson 
Mill Company, which has been incorporated, and of which Mr. Robinson is 
the president and the sole owner. Up to the time of this writing the firm 
has been engaged entirely in selling lumber at wholesale, but it will soon enter 
the manufacturing field also. In 1903 there was completed a large new 
lumber mill at the head of the bay in Tacoma, fitted out with the most 
modern machinery for manufacturing all kinds of lumber. So rapidly has 
the company's trade grown within the last few years that it was found im- 
possible to supply the demand with the facilities at hand, and a mill of their 
own became a necessity. This plant has a daily capacity of about thirty thou- 
sand feet of finished lumber, and this, together with the wholesale shingle 
trade, will make the Robinson company one of the strongest establishments 
of the kind in the Sound country. 

Mr. Robinson met the lady of his choice after he had come to this country, 
and in 1889 was married in Kansas City to Miss Medora Maud Hill. They 
now have four children, Cecil H., Elwyn S., Challis H. and Ada May. and 
the family enjoy the comforts of a nice home at 715 South I street. He is 
a member of the Modern Woodmen and of the Maccabees, and is a gentle- 
man much respected for the ability lie has shown in bis business. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 279 

CHESTER F. WHITE. 

That magnificent indention of the west coast of Washington known 
as Gray's harbor is attractive for commerce and industry, not only on ac- 
count of its excellent harbor facilities but because of its propinquity to the 
wonderful forests of the state, where material may be had for all the various 
uses to which wood is put. The largest enterprise to take advantage of this 
situation, and one of the largest and most important on the Pacific coast, is 
the Gray's Harbor Commercial Company, a California corporation, although 
its principal interests are vested at Cosmopolis on Gray's harbor; A. W. Jack- 
son, of San Francisco, is its president. The plant at Cosmopolis was estab- 
lished in 1889. aiK l now consists of a lumber mill, which in 1902 cut fifty-two 
million feet of lumber; two shingle mills, making eighty-four million shingles 
during the same period; a box factory, turning out ten million feet of boxes 
annually; and a tank factory, where water tanks, etc., are made. Between 
five and six hundred men are on the payrolls at Cosmopolis, and the concern 
is one of the largest and best equipped industries on the coast. The com- 
pany also 1 conducts a general store at Cosmopolis. A specialty is made of 
Washington spruce lumber for shipment by rail to all parts of the United 
States, even to England. At San Francisco the company has the Com- 
mercial Box Factory, the largest on the coast. 

It would be impossible for one to make any investigation of the con- 
cern described in the preceding paragraph without becoming acquainted with 
its manager, to whom is due a large share of the credit for the plant's suc- 
cessful operation. Chester F. White is the son of Emery and Hannah (Sav- 
age) White, the former of whom was a native of Massachusetts, but in [859 
came with his family by way of the Isthmus of Panama to California, and 
since that time has been a prominent dealer in boots and shoes in San Fran- 
cisco: his wife, also a native of the Bay state, is still living. 

The birth of Chester F. White occurred near Boston, Massachusetts in 
1850. He received a common school education, and when still a young man. 
in 1871, went to Keokuk, Iowa, and engaged in the lumber business, being 
so occupied there and at Montrose, Iowa, for the following twenty years. He 
then returned to San Francisco and became a member of the Gray's llarlx>r 
Commercial Company, as the result of which, in 1890, he came to Cosmopolis 
and assumed the management of the mill and other interests here. 

Mr. White's prominence in business affairs is further indicated by the 
fact that he is president of the Washington Red Cedar Shingle .Manufac- 
turers' Association, and also president of the Northern Box Manufacturers' 
Association, whose headquarters are at Portland, Oregon. On January 10. 
1883, Mr. White was married at Keokuk. Iowa, to Miss Mamie Holliday; 
they have a daughter by this marriage. Marguerite. Mr. White has always 
taken more or less interest in the success of Republican principles, and in 
1802 was chosen as one of the electors to represent the state of Washington 
in the electoral college. 



280 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

COLONEL CHARLES W. THOMPSON. 

The Thompson family has been established on American soil for many 
decades and is descended from Scotch ancestors. On the maternal side 
Colonel Thompson can trace the family back to that noble patriot and one 
of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, Robert Morris. His 
parents were William and Lucille (Wilcox) Thompson. The former was 
a native of Pennsylvania and became prominent in the affairs of Iowa, both 
in the territorial days and after it became a state. He was the last congres- 
sional delegate from the territory and the first member of Congress elected 
from the state. He had won high distinction as one of the leading lawyers 
of the state. When the Civil war came on he enlisted as captain in the First 
Iowa Cavalry, was promoted to colonel of the regiment and was brevetted 
brigadier general of volunteers, while later he served in the regular army and 
at his death was brevet brigadier-general of the regular army. He played 
an important part in the early days of Masonry in Iowa, and was a charter 
member of the first three lodges established in the state. 

Charles William Thompson was born on the 8th of June, 1851, at Mount 
Pleasant, Iowa, and was educated in the schools near the various army posts 
where his father was at different times stationed, giving the finishing touches 
to his literary training at Kenyon College of Gambier, Ohio. It was but 
natural that he should inherit some of his father's martial spirit, as he accom- 
panied him from 1861 to 1865 and was in a number of engagements. He 
was in the campaign against the Indians, and was with General Custer and 
attached to the quartermaster's department during the latter's Indian cam- 
paign in Kansas and Indian Territory from 1867 to 1870. In 1871 he en- 
listed in the United States Military Academy at West Point, afterward ac- 
cepting a position as civil engineer in the employ of the Southern Pacific Rail- 
road, and for two years was attached to the corps which surveyed the division 
from El Paso, Texas, west to Tucson, Arizona. He then went to Dakota, 
serving through the Sioux Indian wars in North Dakota, and during the 
early days of Burleigh county, North Dakota, he held the office of county 
surveyor. He also served during Governor Church's administration as colonel 
of Dakota National Guards. 

He was one of the first men who went into the famous Black Hills 
country in South Dakota, in 1876, where he embarked in mining operations 
and was the organizer of the Northern Pacific Coal Company, which opened 
up coal mines at Sims and Dickinson, North Dakota, and in Miles City, 
Bull Mountain, Cokedale and Timberland, Montana. Mr. Thompson operated 
these mines until 1890, when he went to the state of Washington and became 
interested in the development of mining properties there. A few years ago 
he organized the Washington Co-operative Mining Syndicate, which owns 
valuable properties in the Carbon river district in Pierce county, which are 
rich in copper, gold and silver. Besides these the syndicate operate some 
fine coal mines and manufacture coke. Mr. Thompson is president of this 
company, and he is also president of the Montezuma Mining Company, 
which operates coal mines and coke ovens and is developing gold, silver and 
copper claims in Pierce county. Both of these corporations are paying divi- 



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HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 281 

dends. He was one of the organizers and is one of the directors of the 
Tacoma Company, a steel corporation, which promises to be the great iron 
and steel manufacturing plant on Paget Sound, having the most alluring 
prospects of success. The corporations own large tracts of iron and coal 
lands and lime quarries and well built coke ovens. A site for furnaces is 
soon to be settled upon, and the company intends to begin immediately the 
manufacture of iron and steel. 

Colonel Thompson is doing much for the material welfare of the state 
of Washington. He not only organized and aided in- the development of 
several rich mining properties and did much to interest outside capital of the 
state, but has such executive ability and thorough knowledge of the mineral 
wealth of the state that he has been able to render important aid to the com- 
panies with which he is associated. He is a member of the Washington Com- 
mandery of the Loyal Legion of the United States and of the Sons of 
Veterans. In 1875 he was married to Heppie G. Lambert, of Bismarck, 
North Dakota, and they have six children, three sons and three daughters, 
Robert Morris, Imogene, Charles W., Jr.. Lillian V., Lucille and Lambert. 

THEODORE W. GILLETTE. 

The enterprising town of Fairhaven, Washington, owes not a little of 
its improvement and progress to the _ practical ideas and capable efforts of 
Theodore Weld Gillette, who is a typical western man, alert, energetic and 
resourceful, and who in the control of his business affairs has not only gained 
individual success but has also wrought along lines of public good. He is 
now the vice president of the waterworks company of Fairhaven. and was 
also one of the founders of the electric light system of this place. 

Mr. Gillette was born in Oberlin, Ohio, October 23, 1840, and is a rep- 
resentative of two old New England families. His father, Robert Edwin 
Gillette, was also a native of Ohio, but was descended from Huguenot 
ancestry that came to America about 1700, settling in Connecticut. The 
family was represented in the continental army during the Revolutionary 
war. Robert E. Gillette became a prominent and influential citizen of Oberlin, 
Ohio, served as an official in the college there, was a leader in political circles 
and left the impress of his individuality along many lines of progress. He 
was serving as county judge at the time of his demise, which occurred in 
1861, when he was fifty-two years of age. He married Lucy K el log, who 
was born in Saratoga county, New York, and belonged to an old New Eng 
land family. She died in 1865, at the age of fifty-four years. She also had 
ancestors who fought for the independence of the colonies at the time the 
yoke of British oppression was thrown off. Theodore W. Gillette lias two 
brothers and three sisters, namely: Robert, who is a resident of Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin; Mary Ann, the wife of S. J. Powers, of Minneapolis, Minnesota; 
Ruth K., the wife of Judge E. H. Ellis, of Green Bay, Wisconsin, Julia EC., 
the wife of Dr. A. J. Adams, of Flint, Michigan; Rev. Frederick l\\. who is 
preaching the gospel in Fairhaven. Washington. 

In the public schools of Cleveland, Ohio. Mr. Gillette pursued his early 
education and later became a student in the Cleveland Institute. He left 



282 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

school at the age of nineteen years and hecame agent for the Milwaukee & 
La Crosse Railroad Company at Tomah, Wisconsin, where he remained until 
after the breaking out of the Civil war in 1861. With the blood of Revo- 
lutionary ancestors flowing in his viens and his patriotic spirit intensely aroused 
over the attitude of the south, he offered his services to the government in the 
first year of the war, enlisting in Company I, Fourth Wisconsin Volunteer 
Infantry, at Tomah, under Colonel H. E. Paine. He joined the boys in blue 
as a private, but was successively promoted to the ranks of corporal, sergeant 
and first lieutenant, and was acting brigade quartermaster, brigade commissary 
and chief quartermaster of a division of cavalry of the Department of the 
Gulf. In whatever part of the service found, he was always faithful and 
prompt in the discharge of the duty devolving upon him, and was mustered 
out at Brownsville, Texas. June 20, 1866, after about five years' connection 
with military service. 

When the war was ended Mr. Gillette spent about a year at Sparta, Wis- 
consin, as agent of the Merchants' Union Express Company, and in the 
spring of 1867 he engaged in Lhe hardware business at Waverly, Iowa, con- 
ducting his store with good success until 1874, when he went to Texas, where 
he was engaged in ranching and in sheep-raising until 1880. In the fall 
of the latter year he located at Salt Lake City. Utah, where he turned his 
attention to mining, prospecting and assaying, which pursuits claimed his 
time until 1883. In that year he removed to Ketchum, Idaho, and establish- 
ing a hardware store conducted it successfully until 1889. During this time 
he had served for four years as county commissioner of Alturas county. 

In the fall of 1889 Mr. Gillette came to Fairhaven and was one of the 
promoters of the Fairhaven Electric Light Company and the Fairhaven Water 
Company. Those plants were installed under his immediate supervision, the 
work being completed in the spring of 1890, and since that time he has taken 
an active interest in the direction and management, being vice president of 
the water company at the present time. In 1899, however, he disposed of his 
interests in the electric light plant. He has been called to a number of posi- 
tions of public trust and responsibility, in all of which he has done effective 
service for the general good. In 1893 he was made a county commissioner 
for a term of four years, and served as chairman of the board for two years. 
During the first two years this was a full Republican board, and was the 
only board in the state that operated under the Donahue road law and estab- 
lished a road system in conformity therewith. Each succeeding county board 
has adhered to the policy then adopted, and the county has to-day a splendid 
system of roads, of which it has every reason to be proud. Mr. Gillette was 
also city treasurer of Waverly, Iowa, for two terms, in 1869 and 1870. 

In May, 1864, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Gillette and Miss 
Letitia S. Powers, a native of Loraine county, Ohio, and a daughter and Dr. 
S. D. and Jane (Powers), of Sparta, Wisconsin, both of whom were natives 
of New England and represented old American families. Mr. and Mrs. 
Gillette have two sons, Halbert Powers and Walter Arthur, both of New 
York city. Mr. Gillette belongs to the Masonic fraternity and maintains 
pleasant relations with his old army comrades through his membership in 
the Loyal Legion and the Grand Army of the Republic. In politics he has 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 283 

always been an earnest Republican, and is recognized as an active and in- 
fluential factor in the councils of his party both in the county and the state. 
He has been a member of the county central committee and the state central 
committee, and his opinions carry weight in party conferences. He has a 
wide acquaintance in Washington and is popular with many friends. 

ISAAC N. HAGUE. 

Isaac N. Hague is the president of the Capitol Box Company, of Tacoma. 
This business is extensive and important, involving much capital and the 
control of a large trade, and to its head Mr. Hague has risen from a humble 
position within fifteen years. Certainly a most creditable record, and one 
which indicates the business opportunities of the great and growing west. 

Mr. Hague was born in Story county, Iowa, in 1859, a son of Samuel 
S. and Mary (Ambern) Hague. The father was born in Indiana, but at an 
early day went to Story county, Iowa, becoming one of the pioneer settlers. 
Turning his attention to farming he there carried on that pursuit until a few 
years ago, when he came to Tacoma. whither his son Isaac had preceded 
him in 1888. Since then he has made his home in this city. He is of Hol- 
land Dutch ancestry. His wife was born in Indiana of Quaker parentage and 
is also living in Tacoma. 

In the schools of his native county Isaac N. Hague pursued his educa- 
tion, and when not occupied with the duties of the schoolroom or the pleasures 
of the playground was assisting in the work of the home farm. He con- 
tinued to aid in its cultivation until twenty-two years of age, when he went 
to Alliance, Nebraska, where he engaged in the live-stock business. For 
seven years he followed that pursuit, and in January, 1888, he came to Ta- 
coma, securing a position in the Tacoma Box Company's factory, where his 
ready adaptability and business capacity soon won recognition with the result 
that he was made foreman. In 1890 he decided to engage in business on his 
own account, and established the Standard Box Company, which later became 
the Capitol Box Company. In 1896 he sold his plant and purchased the 
business of the Michigan Box Company, which had originally carried on 
business at the corner of East Twenty-sixth and I streets. He retained the 
factory as established then, calling it factory No. 1, and then started another 
and larger one, known as factory No. 2, at South Eighteenth and Canal 
streets. In 1901 he sold the factory at East Twenty-sixth and I streets, 
consolidating his business at South Eighteenth and Canal streets, but a new 
departure has recently been made, for in the present year (1903) arrange- 
ments have been completed to remove the plant across the bay to a splendid 
location on Hylebos creek, on the tide flats. The business will then be 
greatly increased, and when completed there will be three separate plants, 
yet all conducted under the name of the Capitol Box Company. These are 
a large veneer plant, a box factory with a capacity of twenty thousand boxes 
per day, and a lumber mill with a capacity of fifty thousand feet a day. This 
seems a remarkable growth considering the fact that Mr. Hague started in 
as an employe and in fifteen years has built up a business of magnitude, of 
which he is the head and principal stockholder. He manufactures wooden 



284 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

boxes, and his trade in this department extends all over the western country, 
shipments being made in carloads. Fine modern machinery is used, and the 
product, because of its superior excellence, finds a ready sale on the market. 
Mr. Hague belongs to the Chamber of Commerce and to the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. He has three children, Carl A., Enza and Leo, 
and his residence is at 3418 Pacific avenue. He has become well known 
during the fifteen years of his residence in this city, and as a man and a citizen 
is highly regarded, while in business circles he occupies an enviable position. 
His capability and worth are widely acknowledged. A man of firm and de- 
termined purpose, he is nevertheless intensely practical in what he does and 
strictly honorable in all his dealings, and his present creditable position in 
the business life of Tacoma is well deserved. 

SABIN A. GIBBS. 

When entering upon his business career in early manhood Mr. Gibbs 
became connected with the lumber trade, and throughout his entire life has 
been associated with this industrial line. He is now controlling a large and 
profitable enterprise as a wholesale dealer in lumber and shingles. He has 
followed the star of empire in its westward course, leaving his old home in 
the Empire state to become a factor in the utilization of the great forests 
of the northern Mississippi valley, and then, as this region was being opened 
and there was developed a market for the lumber products of the northwest, 
he came to Tacoma in 1890 and is now making extensive shipments to eastern 
markets. 

Mr. Gibbs was born in Whitehall, New York, in 1856, a son of A. D. 
and Arabella (Worden) Gibbs. The father was born in Vermont, and be- 
longed to an old New England family that was founded in America by three 
brothers of the name of Gibbs, who left their native home in England and 
crossed the Atlantic to the new world. Through much of his active life 
A. D. Gibbs was engaged in the transportation business on Lake Champlain, 
with headquarters at Whitehall, and in later life he went to Michigan, where 
he spent his remaining days, his death occurring in 1887. His wife, who 
was also a native of the Green Mountain state, died in Whitehall in 1874. 

At the usual age Sabin A. Gibbs entered the public schools of his native 
town, there acquiring a good practical knowledge of the branches usually 
taught in such institutions, and in 1876, when twenty years of age, he started 
westward, locating first in Chicago, Illinois, where he remained for two 
years in the lumber business. He gained a good knowledge of the trade 
during that period, became an excellent judge of lumber, and from Chicago 
he made his way to the upper peninsula of Michigan, locating in Menominee, 
where he was in the lumber business for twelve years, securing a good 
patronage. In 1890 he came to the northwest and has since been a resident 
of Tacoma. For the first three years after his arrival he acted as manager 
for the Northern Pacific Shingle Company, and in 1893 began in the whole- 
sale lumber business for himself under the firm name of S. A. Gibbs & Com- 
pany, under which style the enterprise has since been conducted. The firm 
does a large wholesale business in lumber and shingles, selling to the trade 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 285 

and making extensive shipments to the east. The patronage of the house is 
constantly growing, and the firm has become one of the leading representatives 
of the lumber industry of the northwest — an industry which has been one 
of the most important sources of the development and the wealth of this 
portion of the country. 

In 1880 Mr. Gibbs was united in marriage to Miss Ida Bishop, the 
wedding being celebrated in Wisconsin. The lady is a native of the state 
of New York, and by her marriage has become the mother of four children : 
S. A., who is now a clerk with Love, Johnson & Company, of Tacoma; E. C, 
who is in his father's office; Florence and Joseph M., at home. The family 
residence is at 2609 North Eighth street, and the office of the firm at No. 
410 Chamber of Commerce building. Mr. Gibbs is thoroughly conversant 
with the lumber trade, has learned to judge correctly and accurately of the 
value of lumber, and the business policy which he has inaugurated has led 
to the development of an extensive and profitable business, while the repu- 
tation of the firm in trade circles is unassailable. Nor has Mr. Gibbs been 
remiss in citizenship ; on the contrary he has been a co-operant factor in many 
movements for the general good and thus is deserving of mention among the 
representative men of Tacoma. 

ALFRED LISTER. 

It is not possible to fully appreciate the life work of a young man, for 
the biographer must seize him in the middle of his career, as it were, and de- 
tail the growth and form of the young sapling before it has attained the virility 
and luxuriance of age. But even thus the story of the men in the earlier half 
of life possess peculiar interest, and the more so because there is pleasure in 
forecasting what the future will be. The office of controller of the city of 
Tacoma is filled by Alfred Lister, who though only thirty-five years of age 
has demonstrated that he is equal to the higher duties and responsibilities of 
life, and has won the confidence of his fellow citizens to a remarkable degree. 

The Lister family are all native of England. Jeremiah H., Alfred's 
father, came to this country in 1881 and first located in Philadelphia, but 
was attracted to the west and came to Tacoma in 1882. Having found the 
place to his liking, he determined to make it his permanent abode, and in 
1883 he returned to England, and the following year brought his family 
back with him. His brother David had come to Tacoma in 1877, and they 
were both interested in the iron industry. Mr. Lister was the proprietor of 
the Standard Iron Works in Tacoma until 1893, and was in other ways a 
prominent man and large property owner. He is still living here, but is 
retired from active life. His wife's name was Ellen Hey. a native .if El 
land, and she died in Tacoma in 1893. She was the sister of William Henry 
Hey, who was for many years secretary of the Moulders' Union of England, 
one of the greatest trades unions in the world; his headquarters were at 
London. 

We can now understand the circumstances which surrounded the early 
life of Alfred Lister, and which molded his character to a great extent. He 
was born in Halifax, in Yorkshire, England, in 1867, and received a common 



286 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

school education in the old country, but acquired his business training after 
coming to the United States in 1884. He first worked for the Tacoma Light 
and Water Company, which was then just beginning operations. After work- 
ing in this position for some time he went into the office of his uncle, who 
was then operating the Tacoma Iron Works in connection with General 
Sprague and J. H. Houghton. In 1886 he and his father organized the 
Standard Iron Works, which continued business until 1892. At that time 
Mr. Lister went into the office of the Puget Sound Iron and Steel Works 
in Tacoma, and only left that position to accept the office of city controller, 
to which he was elected in the spring of 1898, and has been twice re-elected. 
He is a very popular official and has shown much ability in the handling of 
the affairs of the city. 

Mr. Lister was elected a member of the school board in 1893 and served 
for six years. He is a prominent member of the Methodist church, and in 
September, 1903, was one of the three delegates elected by the Puget Sound 
conference to represent that district at the world's general conference to be 
held in Los Angeles in 1904. He is also a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, and in fraternal relations is a past chancellor of the Knights of Pythias. 
In 18S9 Mr. Lister made a memorable and happy trip back to England and 
married the young lady of his choice, Miss Clara Smith. They have three 
delightful children in their home, whose names are Lillian Ada, Samuel King- 
ston and Dorothy Hope. 

HARVEY L. DICKINSON. 

Into American parlance in recent years have come two expressions indica- 
tive of the business development and standing of the country. These are 
"promoter" and "captains of industry," and of both Harvey L. Dickinson may 
well be called a representative. His labors have been directed along lines 
that have resulted to the public benefit as well as to individual prosperity, and 
now he is numbered among the progressive citizens of Whatcom, where he 
located in 1896. 

A native of New York, Mr. Dickinson was born in Wayne county, 
October 6, 1855. His father, Robert D. Dickinson, was also born in the 
Empire state and belonged to an old American family of English descent, 
which traces its ancestry in a direct line to the period of William the Con- 
queror, having numbered among its members several titles of nobility, while 
his American ancestors include Revolutionary heroes; among them John 
Dickinson, who wrote the famous "Farmer Letters" which exerted such great 
influence in the formation of the "Declaration of Independence." Robert D. 
Dickinson was a wholesale fruit and commission dealer in New York and 
died in t88i. In early manhood he had married Harriett Ferris, whose birth 
occurred in Wayne county. New York, and she, too, represented a family that 
was founded in the United States during an early epoch in its history, and 
was of English and Scotch lineage. Her death occurred in 1892. M. C. 
Dickinson, the brother of our subject, is the manager of the Byron Hotel of 
Whatcom, and the sister, Carrie J. Dickinson, is now living in Fairhaven, 
this state. 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 287 

To the public school system of his native county Harvey L. Dickinson 
is indebted for the early educational privileges he enjoyed. Later he was 
graduated in the high school of Clyde, New York, with the class of 1874, and 
on the conclusion of his school life he spent one year in travel, viewing many 
points of modern and historic and scenic interest. In 1876 he joined his 
father in his business in New York city, and was thus engaged until March, 
1877, when he went to Nebraska, accepting a position with the firm of Pratt 
& Ferris, who were extensively engaged in government contracting, overland 
freighting and stock-raising; Mr. Ferris of this firm was an uncle of the sub- 
ject of this sketch. This firm were extensively engaged in overland freighting 
into the Black Hills of Dakota, of which business Mr. Dickinson had charge 
for three years, and then succeeded by purchase to a large interest in the 
business. 

In 1882 he transferred the teams composing the transportation business 
to Idaho, going there at the time of the construction of the Oregon Short 
Line Railroad. He remained in Idaho engaged in this business and in mining 
until the construction of railroads crowded out the usefulness of the old-time 
"prairie schooners." Later he organized and managed a large mercantile 
business, comprising a line of stores located at different points in Idaho, 
until, disposing of this business in 1890, he came to Washington, settling in 
Fairhaven in the spring of that year. There he engaged in the general in- 
vestment and real estate business until 1896, when he came to Whatcom, 
where he has since continued in the same department of business activity, and 
in other ways promoting the business development of the city as well as adding 
to his own success. He has assisted in the promotion of several industrial 
enterprises, and his sound business judgment and keen foresight have been 
inportant factors in the successful conduct of them. 

Mr. Dickinson in early manhood was united in marriage with Miss 
Clara V. Colvin, a daughter of Oliver D. Colvin, a farmer and large property 
owner of Wayne county, New York. He had formerly been a Virginian 
planter, but left the south in the early clays of the Civil war. Among his 
ancestors were Revolutionary heroes, and his sympathies were not with those 
who wished to overthrow the Union which had been established by the patriot 
army. Miss Clara V., now Mrs. Dickinson, is a native of Virginia. 

Mr. Dickinson votes with the Republican party and takes an active 
interest in politics, keeping well informed on the issues of the day. He has 
been a delegate to many county and state conventions, and is regarded as one 
of the most energetic and capable leaders of the party in this locality. He 
belongs to the Masonic fraternity, the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, the Commercial Club, the Cougar Club and also the Rainier Club of 
Seattle, and wherever known is held in high esteem because of his intrinsic 
worth of character as well as his business activity and success. 

THE SHELTON WEEKLY TRIBUNE. 

This newspaper, which has become such an important factor in the town 
of Shelton and vicinity, and has gained a reputation not only as an excellent 
disseminator of news but as an active participator in every effort to advance 



288 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

the interests of the community, was founded in Shelton in 1892 by W. R. 
Lotz, and continued under his management till May 1, 1902, when it was 
purchased by David G. Klinefelter, who is its present proprietor, editor and 
business manager. The Tribune is Democratic in its political proclivities, 
and is a six-column quarto in size. Since Mr. Klinefelter assumed control 
it has been greatly improved, a gasoline power plant has been instituted, and, 
the best evidence of its appreciation by the public, the subscription list has 
been doubled and the amount of advertising been greatly increased. 

David G. Klinefelter is a native of Baltimore, Maryland, and as a young 
man learned the trade of a printer. During the eighties he had a job printing 
business in St. Paul, Minnesota, and later established the Purdy Courier in 
Purely, Missouri. He came to Shelton in 1901. Mr. Klinefelter is not only 
making a record as an editor, but is one of the progressive business men of 
the town. He established and is the owner of the Shelton electric light plant, 
which has been one of the most important improvements of recent years in 
this thriving place. He is also the owner of considerable real estate. In 
1896 he was married in Williams, California, to Miss Clara Blevins, and they 
now have a son Norval. 

WILLIAM FEARS ROBINSON. 

The honored subject of this memoir has for a number of years past been 
closely identified with the industrial interests of Anacortes, being one of 
her most prominent and influential business men. He has been very success- 
ful in his undertakings, and is now accorded a place among the representa- 
tive citizens of the county. He was born at Peabody, Massachusetts, on the 
8th of September, 1859. His father, Benjamin Robinson, was born in Glouces- 
ter, that state, in 1829, and is a direct descendant of the Rev. John Robinson 
of Pilgrim fame, his ancestors, among whom is numbered Captain Daniel 
Robinson, the builder of the first schooner in 1713, settling in that town in 
1630. Benjamin is still residing at Gloucester, having reached the age of 
seventy-four years. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Catharine 
Murray, was a native of Halifax, Nova Scotia, but when ten years of age 
was taken to Gloucester, Massachusetts. She was of Scotch and English 
descent, and her death occurred in 1900, when she had reached the age of 
sixty-eight years. Mr. and Mrs. Robinson became the parents of six chil- 
dren, four sons and two daughters, as follows: Eva Maria,- the wife of W. 
A. Niles, of Boston; Ferdinand; William F. ; Benjamin Oscar; Alice 
Maude, the wife of James L. Stacey, of Gloucester, Massachusetts; and 
Charles Herman, also a resident of that city. 

William Fears Robinson received his early education in the public schools 
of Gloucester in his native state, and later received a course in the French 
Business College at Boston, in which institution he was graduated in 1876. 
After putting aside his textbooks he secured employment as traveling sales- 
man for a wholesale fish house of Gloucester, continuing in that capacity 
until 1892. T11 that year lie made the journey to California, where he was 
engaged in the manufacture of liquid fish glue until 1895, after which he 





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IpUBLLC LIBRARY] 



ASTOK LENOX AND 

UlLDEN FOUNDS. 1"N 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 289 

sold his interest therein to his partner in Boston and came to Seattle, Wash- 
ington. In that city he immediately began the manufacture of fish fertilizers 
and oils, his time and attention being thus occupied for two years, or until 
1897, when he cast in his lot with the citizens of Anacortes, and here he 
has developed that industry into extensive proportions. In 1900 Mr. Robin- 
son was appointed to fill a vacancy on the school board, and two years later, 
in 1902, was elected to that position for a term of three years, the duties of 
which he filled in a most satisfactory manner. Since his arrival in this city 
he has been an active factor in its development and upbuilding, and is ac- 
corded a prominent position among its substantial business men. 

The marriage of Mr. Robinson was celebrated at Gloucester, Massa- 
chusetts, on the 2ist of May, 18S1, when Nellie E. Orne became his wife. 
She is a daughter of Freeman and Mary Orne, both natives of that city, the 
father, Freeman Orne, being a member of an old American family, while 
her mother descended from a prominent English family. Two children have 
graced this union: Mary Merrill, the wife of John E. Trafton, of Ana- 
cortes; and Guy \\'.. who also makes his home in this city. In his fraternal 
relations our subject is a member of the Masonic order, and politically gives 
a stanch support to the men and measures of the Republican party. Although 
he is at all times a loyal and public-spirited citizen, he has never allowed his 
name to be used in connection with official positions, preferring to give his 
undivided attention to his business interests. Few men have more devoted 
friends than he, and none excel him in unselfish devotion and unswerving 
fidelity to the worthy recipients of his confidence and friendship. 

JUDGE JEREMIAH NETERER. 

Jeremiah Neterer was born in a log house on a farm near Goshen, 
Indiana. He is the oldest of six brothers, sons of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Huntsberger) Neterer. The family is of old American stock, residing in 
Pennsylvania, of Quaker extraction and Swiss descent on the father's side. 

Judge Neterer was reared on a farm and received his early education 
in the proverbial log schoolhouse, at the place of his birth. When old enough 
to be of assistance on the farm, his time was employed by working on the 
farm in summer and going to school in winter. In 1885 he graduated from 
the law department of the Northern Indiana Normal School, widi the degree 
of B. L. The same year he went to Garden City, Kansas, where he entered 
into the practice of law. and in the early part of the following year went to 
Leoti, Wichita county, Kansas, where he had a lucrative practice in his pro- 
fession. In January, 1890, he came to Puget Sound, visiting various cities, 
and finally located in Whatcom, where he has continued to reside, and where 
he had, before going on the bench, built up an extensive clientage and enjoyed 
a remunerative practice of his profession. 

In politics Judge Neterer has always been a Democrat, and has tal en 
an active interest in'affairs. He believes that one of the first duties ,,f every 
citizen is to take an active interest in public matters and to see that proper- 
persons are elected to administer public affairs, and that any person, what- 

19- 



21)0 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ever his political affiliation, who neglects to attend the primaries and conven- 
tions of his party, is neglecting one of the most important duties of citizen- 
ship. While he is a Democrat, he has always been an earnest advocate of a 
non-partisan judiciary. He is prominent in the councils of his party. He 
was for a number of years a member of the state central committee. In 1898 
he served as chairman of the Democratic state convention. In 1900 he was 
prominently mentioned as a candidate for governor, and was strenuously 
urged to permit his name to go before the convention in opposition to Gov- 
ernor Rogers, but this he declined to do. 

For the term commencing January, 1893, he served as city attorney for 
the consolidated cities of Whatcom and New Whatcom. In June, 1899, 
he was appointed a trustee by Governor Rogers of the State Normal School 
at Whatcom, and was elected chairman of the board. In March, 1901, a 
vacancy occurring, he was appointed by Governor Rogers, without opposition 
or protest, to the position of judge of the superior court of the state, for 
Whatcom county, and at the following election in 1902, was elected without 
opposition. The Bar Association of Whatcom county, at a full meeting, 
unanimously passed a resolution asking him to consent to be a candidate for 
re-election, and pledging united support. He, consenting, was nominated by 
the Democratic party, endorsed by the Republican and Prohibition parties, 
and the Socialists and Social Labor party nominated no one against him. 

On May 25. 1887, Judge Neterer was married to Sarah E. Becker, of 
Berrien Center, Michigan, a daughter of Joseph A. and Elizabeth Becker. 
Mrs. Neterer was born near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and comes of old 
American stock of German descent. Four children have been born to Judge 
and Mrs. Neterer, Samuel J., born March 6, 1888; Elizabeth, born July 24, 
1892; Inez Mae, born May 22, 1894; Jeremiah Alden, born July 10, 1900. 

Judge Neterer is a member and past chancellor of Whatcom Lodge 
No. 109, K. of P., and past grand of Bellingham Lodge No. 31, I. O. O. F. ; 
a member of Bay City Encampment ; a member of B. B. L. No. 44, F. & A. M. ; 
a member of Royal Arch Chapter No. 12, of Whatcom, and of Hesperus Com- 
mandery No. 8, K. T. ; B. B. Lodge No. 342, Fairhaven, B. P. O. E. 

THE CHEHALIS BEE-NUGGET. 

In the advanced civilization of the twentieth century, when the immense 
dominions of the United States have been knit together into an indissoluble 
whole and as one mass move forward on the way of progress, the one great 
powerful influence which has helped to accomplish this and wields the dominat- 
ing power in the country to-day, is the press; and as it is potent on the side 
of right, so it may be the powerful instrument of tyranny and wrong. One 
of the progressive, bright and newsy sheets issued at Chehalis, Washington, 
which is always found on the side of reform and public interest, is the Che- 
halis Bec-Nuggct, a weekly, eight-page, six-column, Republican paper. The 
Nugget was founded in 1883, and the Bee in 1884. and they were consoli- 
dated in 1898. 

Dan W. Bush, the present proprietor of the Bee-Nugget, is the post- 
master of Chehalis and records his birth as occurring in Wilson county, 
Kansas, in November, 1869. He has been connected with newspaper work 
from early boyhood, and in 1890 came west to Washington and at once be- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 291 

came identified with the progress of that state. His brother, J. C. Bush, had 
bought the paper in 1889, but on account of ill health sold it to his brother; 
after taking a rest he took up the work again and has since 1898 been editor 
and manager. J. C. Bush was born near Charleston, Illinois, but when ten 
years old was taken to Kansas and was there reared and educated until his 
twentieth year. At the age of fourteen he began to learn the printer's trade, 
and he has made journalism his life work, being fully justified in his choice 
by his success. For six years he was owner and publisher of the Telegraph 
at Sidney, Nebraska, and he came to Washington in 1888. In addition to 
his newspaper work he owns a nice little farm of forty-nine acres two and 
one-half miles from Chehalis, and since 1893 has been engaged in hop- 
growing. 

In October, 1893, Mr - J- c - Bush was happily married to Miss Laura 
Gordon, the daughter of A. F. Gordon, one of the respected pioneers of 
Washington. The Bush brothers are both stanch Republicans and are men 
of high integrity, who have made an enviable record in theif adopted city. 

THE LEWIS COUNTY ADVOCATE. 

This representative paper of Chehalis was founded in 1892 by a stock 
company of farmers and was run for some years in the interests of the 
Farmers' Alliance. It was during this time a four-page, seven-column folio, 
and various editors and managers had control of it. In February, 1897, the 
present owner, I. P. Callison, purchased the plant, put in new machinery, and 
enlarged it to an eight-column folio. It is now the organ of the Democratic 
party in Lewis county, and Mr. Callison has been one of the live members of 
that party throughout his political career. The Advocate has a large sub- 
scription and advertising list, and does much job work. Mr. Callison has 
made the journal a paying enterprise, which is an excellent tribute to his 
management and general business ability, for newspapers do not always tread 
the smooth and prosperous way. In May, 1898, he published ten thousand 
copies of a special sixteen-page number which set forth in pleasing form the 
resources and business, and other statistics of Lewis county ; this edition was 
not only a credit to the Advocate, but was of great value to the whole county 
as showing the status of affairs and the progress made along all lines. 

Mr. Callison comes of Welsh and English ancestry, who were early set- 
tlers in Virginia. Grandfather James Callison was a native of that state 
and spent his life in farming in West Virginia. The grandfather on the 
maternal side, Rev. Alderson, was a Baptist preacher and was said to have 
been the first minister to cross the Alleghany mountains. The father of 
Mr. Callison was born in West Virginia and married a native of the state, 
Virginia Jones. They were members of the Baptist church, and resided many 
years on the old homestead 'in Nicholas county. West Virginia, where the 
wife still lives, but the father passed away in August, 1902, at the age of 
sixty-two years. He was a prominent citizen and had been elected on the 
-Democratic ticket to a seat in the state legislature. Twelve of their fourteen 
children are now living, but only two arc in Washington, the other being 
R. W. Callison of Seattle. 



292 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

I. P. Callison was born in West Virginia, December 9, 1870, and re- 
mained there until he was of age. He was taught to be dependent on His 
own efforts to a large degree, and during this period he attended school when- 
ever he could and worked at whatever came to his hand. In 1891 he came 
to the Pacific coast, and after teaching for a year entered the Willamette 
University at Salem, Oregon, from which he was graduated in 1897. It 
was then that he began his career of journalism by purchasing the Advocate. 
He enjoys this profession and has shown much ability as a writer and busi- 
ness man full of enterprise and push. He was appointed state librarian by 
Governor Rogers, and filled the position very acceptably during his admin- 
istration, after which he returned to Chehalis. 

Mr. Callison was married in December. 1897. to Miss Olive Sheldon, 
a native of Connecticut and a daughter of A. D. Sheldon, of Olympia, Wash- 
ington. The two sons of the household have received the names of Henry 
Sheldon and Richard Clarence. Mr. Callison belongs to the Woodmen of 
the World and the Ancient Order of United Workmen, but all his attention 
and enthusiastic efforts are directed to his newspaper. 

THE OLYMPIA NATIONAL BANK. 

The Olympia National Bank first opened its doors to business on July 
1, 1899, as a state bank with a capital stock of $25,000, and with the fol- 
lowing gentlemen as its organizers and stockholders : H. Kegley, C. S. Rein- 
hart, Millard Lemon, George B. Lane and George H. Funk. By the follow- 
ing January the earnings had paid all the expenses of the organization and 
equipment, and since that time it has been steadily paying dividends on the 
investments. In a short time the capital stock was increased to $50,000, and 
on December 24, 1900, the institution received a national bank charter. The 
report of its financial condition to the comptroller of currency at the close of 
business on February 2^, 1902, was as follows: 
Assets : 

Loans and discounts k $134,538.67 

U. S. bonds 50,000.00 

Stocks, bonds 32,315.25 

Real estate and fixtures 12,000.00 

Cash 78, 147.06 

Total $307,000.98 

Liabilities : 

Capital stock paid in $ 50,000.00 

Surplus and undivided profits 7. 161.87 

National bank notes 50,000.00 

Deposits .' 199,839. 1 1 

Total $307,000.98 

On the 1st of August, 1 901, H. W. Smith, formerly of Ogdensburg, 
New York, was elected cashier, and on April 17, IQ02. President Kegley hav- 
ing resigned on account of failing health, C. S. Reinhart was elected presi- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 293 

dent. The officers are now: C. S. Reinhart, president; J. W. Mowell, vice 
president; H. W. Smith, cashier; and the directors are: If. W. Smith. ('. S. 
Reinhart, George H. Funk, George A. Mottman, J. W. Mowell, fudge R- O. 
Dunbar, Millard Lemon and E. G. Kreider. The capital stock is owned by 
forty of the representative business men of Olympia, and under its efficient 
officers the bank is a power in commercial circles in Thurston county and is 
in no small degree responsible for progress and enterprise in the com- 
munity. 

ROBERT I. MORSE. 

Robert I. Morse is well known in business circles in Whatcom and, in 
fact, throughout a large portion of the state. He is now the president of 
the Morse Hardware Company, a mercantile enterprise of importance. His 
success in all his undertakings has been so marked that his methods are of 
interest to the commercial world. He has based his business principles and 
actions upon strict adherence to the rules which govern industry, economy and 
strict, unswerving integrity. His enterprise and progressive spirit have made 
him a typical American in every sense of the word, and lie well deserves men- 
tion in this volume. What he is to-day he has made himself, for he began 
in the world with nothing but his own energy and willing hands to aid 
him. By constant exertion, associated with good judgment, he has raised him- 
self to the prominent position which he now holds, having the friendship of 
many and the respect of all who know him. 

Robert I. Morse was born June 8, 1858, in Waterville, Maine. His 
father, C. T. Morse, was also a native of the Pine Tree state, and was a stock 
drover and farmer. He married Miss A. R. Balentine. also a native "f 
Maine and daughter of S. A. Balentine, who was descended from an old 
New England family. They became the parents of eight children, four of 
whom are still living, namely: Howard C. who lives in Waterville, Maine; 
Robert I.; Mrs. Hattie Mathews, the wife of Roy Mathews, of Martha's Vine- 
yard, Rhode Island; and Mrs. Mary A. Jackson, of Waterville. The father 
passed away at the age of forty-eight years. 

At the usual age Robert I. Morse entered the public schools of his 
native town, and when he had acquired his literary education he pursued a 
business course in Dows Commercial College of San Francisco, California, 
in which institution he was graduated in 1875. Subsequently lie was em- 
ployed as a salesman in a hardware store of that city until 1NS4. when he 
came to Whatcom and engaged in business on his own account, opening a 
small hardware store at 1033 Elk street. 1 1 is trade increased with rapidity, 
demanding larger accommodations, and from time to time he has had to add 
more space. He now occupies a building of one hundred and eleven feel 
frontage, to which an addition of fifty-six feet was built in ro.03. This is 
a three-story stone and brick structure, one hundred and eleven by one hun- 
dred and fifteen feet, and contains three store rooms and a basement, it 
was erected at a cost of twenty thousand dollars. Mr. Morse carries on a 
wholesale and retail hardware business, dealing in paints, oils, shelf and 
heavy hardware, and he employs forty clerks, three stenographers, two travel- 
ing salesmen and a city salesman. The stock is valued at one hundred and 



294 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

twenty-five thousand dollars. The business was incorporated in 1897 under 
the style of the Morse Hardware Company, with a capital stock of twenty- 
five thousand dollars, which is fully paid up. This splendid mercantile con- 
cern stands as a monument to the enterprise and business capacity of the 
president, who has developed the store from a small beginning and made it 
one of the leading commercial interests of the northwest. A man of resource- 
ful ability, he has not confined his efforts alone to one line, but has been the 
promoter of many other concerns of value to the northwest. He holds an 
interest in the Bellingham Transportation Company, the White Crest Can- 
ning Company of Anacortes, Washington, and has also mining interests. 

On the 1 6th of April, 1882; occurred the marriage of Robert I. Morse 
and Miss Etta Fowler, a native of Manchester, New Hampshire, and a 
daughter of James M. Fowler. They now have three sons : Cecil, who is 
nineteen years of age and is receiving clerk for the Morse Hardware Com- 
pany; Roscoe Irvine, who is fifteen years of age and is a student in the high 
school ; and Charles Leland, a lad of eleven years. 

Mr. Morse is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and his religious 
faith is indicated by his membership in the Baptist church. Politically he is . 
a Republican, and he served as councilman of Sehome, now Whatcom, in 
1892. He also served as councilman at large for Whatcom during 1902. 
Mr. Morse has founded one of the most extensive business enterprises in 
Bellingham Bay. and certainly deserves great credit for what he has accom- 
plished. He is highly respected by all who know him, and has the esteem 
and admiration of his employes in the largest degree. Recognized as one 
of the leading spirits in commercial circles, he gives his entire time and 
attention to the details of his vast business, and yet he is never so busy but 
what he can accord to those who seek him the courtesy of an interview. Suc- 
cess in business has not changed his genial nature, but has made him a broad- 
minded, enterprising man, of kindly spirit and genial temperament. 

CHARLES E. BINGHAM. 

Charles E. Bingham, who has for a number of years been prominent 
among the leading citizens of Sedro Woolley, Washington, was born in New 
Columbus, Pennsylvania, November 6, 1862. The history of his family in 
this country dates back to the colonial period, and his ancestors on both the 
maternal and paternal sides were of English origin and fought for inde- 
pendence in the Revolutionary war. R. S. Bingham, his father, was born 
in New York, the son of representative citizens of the Empire state, his 
mother having been a Saxton, a member of a family prominent in Revolu- 
tionary days. He was engaged in educational work all his life. He was a 
professor in the State Normal School at Cortland, New York ; was super- 
intendent of schools at Clinton, Cedar Falls and Marengo, Iowa, and Tacoma, 
Washington. He came west to Tacoma in 1888 and for a number of years 
was a potent factor in educational work in that city. He died in 1903. Mrs. 
Esther S. Bingham, his widow, is now a resident of Sedro Woolley. She 
was, before marriage, Miss Brooks, and is a native of New York state. Like 
her husband, she comes from stanch Revolutionary stock, and the genealogical 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 205 

record shows that her maternal ancestors were among those who came over 
in the Mayflower from England. Two children were born to R. S. and 
Esther S. Bingham, a son and daughter. The daughter, Elizabeth, is the 
wife of A. H. Phillips, of the San Francisco Build in. 

Charles E. Bingham was educated in the public schools in Utica, New- 
York, and Marengo, Iowa, and graduated from high school in 1879. At an 
early age he went into the First National Bank of Marengo, as messenger 
boy, and filled various positions, finally being promoted to the office of cashier, 
and remained there until 1890, when he came to Sedro, Washington. Here 
he engaged in the banking business under the firm name of Bingham & Hol- 
brook, and continued under this style until 1896, when the firm was dis- 
solved, and he has since been alone, the business being conducted under the 
name of C. E. Bingham & Company. Mr. Bingham is also president, and 
was the organizer of, the Arlington State Bank of Arlington, Washington, 
and he assisted in the organization of the bank of Hamilton, this state. And 
in addition to his banking business, he has various other interests, having 
invested in logging companies and timber lands in Skagit county, Washing- 
ton ; is secretary and treasurer of the Sedro Land Improvement Company; 
was one of the organizers of the Sedro Woolley Iron Works, the Opera House 
Company, and the Twin City Business League. Of the last named he was 
president from the time of its organization until a few months ago. 

Mr. Bingham is a Republican, and has always taken an active interest 
in public affairs. He has frequently attended the state and county conventions 
of his party, and has served his town in various official capacities of trust. He 
has served on the city council of Sedro, and of Sedro Woolley after the two 
towns were consolidated, and has served two terms of two years each as the 
chief executive officer of Sedro Woolley. and is still serving in that capacity, 
having been elected mayor in 1899 and in 1901. His name was on both 
tickets, and he was elected without any opposition whatever. For several 
years, from 1891 to 1897, he was a member of the school board. Fraternally, 
he is a Mason. 

December 23, 1886, Mr. Bingham married Miss Julia Reno, a native of 
Marengo, Iowa, and a daughter of L. O. Reno, a merchant of that place. The 
Reno family is of French origin. They settled in this country previous to the 
Revolutionary war, were represented in that war and also in other wars in 
this country, Jesse L. Reno, an uncle of Mrs. Bingham, having served as a 
general in the Union army during the Civil war. Mr. and Mrs. Bingham 
have three sons, all natives of the state of Washington, viz.: Ouinby Reno, 
Charles Saxton and Albert Holbrook. 

SAMUEL F. STREET. 

Samuel F. Street, one of the most popular citizens of Edmonds. Wash- 
ington, was born in Gallipolis, Ohio, June 21, 1844. He is a son of Jacob 
Street, a native of England and one of the early settlers of Ohio, who died in 
1873. His wife bore the maiden name of Rebecca Cherrington, and was horn 
in Virginia. Her grandfather served in the colonial army from Connecticut. 
Her death occurred in 1846. Our subject bad one sister, Rebecca, who mar- 



296 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

ried Jordan Radabaugh, and four half-brothers and two half-sisters, namely : 
John, Alfred, William and Alvin, all in Iowa; Sarah married B. Lock, of 
Iowa ; and Leah married Thomas Morgan, of Iowa. 

Samuel F. Street was educated in the public school of Gallia county. In 
i860 he removed to Keokuk county, Iowa, and attended school two years, 
but in July, 1862, he enlisted in the Thirty-third Iowa Infantry and was 
attached to Company F. He served three years, during which time he was in 
some of the most important battles of the war, and was sent on the most 
hazardous expeditions. He received promotion to the rank of orderly ser- 
geant. He was in the army of the southwestern territory, through Missis- 
sippi and other states, under Grant, and was at Vicksburg, Yazoo Pass, 
Helena, Arkansas, and a number of other engagements. He was mustered 
out July 19, 1865, at Detroit, Michigan, where he had been sent on special 
duty for six months, as, owing to his injuries, he was unfit for field duty. 

After the war he returned to Iowa and entered Mt. Pleasant College, 
and then taught school in Keokuk and Black Hawk counties. In 1869 he 
removed to Pontiac, Michigan, where he engaged in a book and stationery 
business, and conducted it until 1885. He then went to Kansas, and after 
remaining one year went to Seattle, where he arrived December 25, 1887, and 
secured a position with Griffith Davies, a book and stationery dealer, with 
whom he remained until the great fire of 1889, when the place was burned out. 
He then went into the same line of business for himself, but sold out in Janu- 
ary, 1 89 1. In April of that year he was elected commander of the Soldier's 
Home at Orting, Washington, under Governor Ferry, and remained there until 
April, 1895. The home was opened under Mr. Street, and became a success- 
ful institution in every particular. Mr. Street returned to Seattle and lived 
there until 1900, when be removed to Edmonds, Washington, and has since 
made it his home. For many years he has been interested in the place, and 
from 1887 to 1890 lived here. During all these years he has been interested 
in stock-raising and the hotel business, and is the only notary in the town. 

In November, 1868, he married Maria C. Bristol, of Michigan, who died 
in 1874, leaving one child. Homer B., who died in Lewiston, Idaho, in May. 
1901, and who in his short life was secretary of the Salmon 
River Mining Company; deputy county clerk of King county for 
two years; deputy county treasurer of Pierce county for two years; clerk in 
the postoffice for one year ; bookkeeper in the Puget Sound National Bank for 
one year; and was connected with the Northern Pacific Railroad Company at 
the time of his death. 

The second wife of Mr. Street was Miss Maude S. McAlpine, of Canada, 
who bore him six children now living, namely: Bessie M., who married Dr. 
Edward Ayer Diggins, of San Francisco, a physician, and who was assistant 
surgeon in the army in Cuba; Guy M., who was first officer of the government 
vessel General Jeff C. Davis under General Randall at the mouth of the Yukon, 
1890-1, and now first officer on the steamer Bellingham ; Florence M., a clerk 
in the auditor's office in Everett; Alice M.. a trained nurse of North Yakima; 
Frank, engaged on the steamer Rosalie; and Winifred, in school. 

Mr. Street is a Republican and very active in party work. He has been 
to every state convention fur seventeen years as a delegate from King, Sno- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 297 

homish and Pierce counties, and is now a member of the executive central 
committee of the Snohomish county central committee. He has been a mem- 
ber of the county board of education since its organization in 1902. He was 
city clerk in Iowa in 1865, just after having attained his majority, having 
arrived from the war in July and been elected in November of 1865. Mr 
Street was also a member of the city council and president of the board of edn 
cation of Three Rivers, Michigan, 1877 to 1884, and was a member of the 
city council of Anthony, Kansas, from 1885 to 1887. In religious faith he is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Royal Arcanum, and is very popular in that order. He is one of the most 
influential and prominent men of the entire county, and has borne a very im- 
portant part in the upbuilding of the entire locality. He is now engaged in 
farming and the real estate business at Edmonds. 

HON. WILLIAM O. BRUSH. 

The distinction of having been for fifty-eight years a resident of Thurston 
county, Washington, — a country whose known history would scarcely cover a 
century, and which was one of the last of the great states to come into the 
Union, — must be accorded the gentleman whose name heads this article, for 
before the possibilities of the great west were even dreamed of, or before 
the primeval forests had been touched except by the hands of the prowling In- 
dian and the forest fires, Mr. Brush called it his home. William (). Brush is one 
of the three oldest settlers now living of the twenty-eight who crossed the 
plains in 1844. His father, George Brush, was a native of Pennsylvania, and 
came to the state of Missouri, where he was married to Miss Isabella James. 
Of the six sons born to them in this state one was William, whose birth oc- 
curred on the 4th of July, [832, being the eldest of the family. When in his 
thirteenth year, in 1844, he and his parents and five other brothers began their 
pilgrimage for the west; they set out on the 15th of April, and, arriving at 
Washougal, a short distance above Vancouver on the Columbia river, they re 
mained there until the fall of 1845, when they removed to their present loca- 
tion on Brush Prairie, named in honor of George Brush. The latter took a 
donation claim and improved the property until it is now one of the finest 
farms in the county: eighty acres has since been added, and our subject has 
now seven hundred and twenty acres in one body, improved with barns and all 
conveniences. During the Indian war of 1855-50 they had a block house in 
which the neighbors gathered for safety, but they were not attacked. George 
Brush died in 1862 in his seventy-seventh year, and his wife survived him 
two years, passing away in her seventy-first year. Only three of their sons 
are living, William O. ; Joseph T., of Steilacoom ; and Henry I.. living with 
William. 

William's education was very limited, owing to the pioneer conditions of 
the country to which he was broughl 30 early in life, and he attended school 
only nine months, but he has been so eager and studious in his later life that 
he has become a well informed and cultured man, and enjoys his excellent 
library as many do not wdio have had more advantages in their youth. \t 
the time of his father's death he owned by purchase a farm of three hundred 



298 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

and twenty-five acres, and in 1865 he became the owner of the old homestead, 
where he has since resided. Mr. Brush has made an enviable reputation as 
a farmer, and he makes a specialty of the cereals, wheat, oats and barley. In 
1876, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, he carried off the first 
honors for the best display of cereals, and at the World's Fair in Chicago he 
made a similar exhibit in competition with all the world, and brought to the 
state of Washington the highest awards for display and quality of grains. 
He also exhibited at Buffalo with the same success, and has in this way done 
an immense amount of good to his state. In addition he is now raising on his 
ranch Red Polled cattle, and is also a breeder of good horses. In the past he 
has engaged in sawmilling, and in whatever line of activity he has been occu- 
pied he has met with gratifying returns. 

In 1859 Mr. Brush married Mrs. Mandana Demsey, a daughter of Doctor 
Smith, who died on the plains in 1847 while on his way to Washington. She 
was the widow of Mr. Demsey and was born in Missouri. Two children were 
born to them: John S. is on the farm with his father; and Belle is the wife 
of George Gastin. of Olvmpia, an ex-sheriff of Thurston county and a farmer. 
Mrs. Brush died in 1898, having been a helpful wife and having lived in con- 
formity with the teachings of the Methodist church. As a candidate on the 
Republican ticket Mr. Brush was elected to the first state legislature and 
served with credit to his constituency. He has been active in the cause of tem- 
perance and is counted as one of the useful and honored citizens of the county 
in which he has spent so many fruitful years. 

ROBERT PENNELL THOMAS. 

The pioneers of a country, the founders of a business, the originators 
of any undertaking that will promote the material welfare or advance the 
educational, social and moral influence of a community, deserve the gratitude 
of their fellow men. One of the important factors of Anacortes is the 
Fidelgo Mill, an extensive enterprise that has brought success not alone to 
the stockholders, but has also added to the general prosperity by furnishing 
employment to many workmen and thus promoting commercial activity. 
The man who stands at the head of this concern is Robert P. Thomas, who 
is also connected with other leading interests of the city, and at all times is 
a public-spirited, progressive citizen whose support is never withheld from 
measures that tend to advance the public good. 

Mr. Thomas was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the 7th of 
February, 1861, and is a son of Robert Pennell and Sarah E. (Bacon) 
Thomas, also natives of that city. On the paternal side the ancestry is traced 
back to 1682, when representatives of this family came to America with 
William Perm and settled in Pennsylvania. The father of our subject, who 
was a physician and surgeon by profession, served as a colonel in the Union 
army during the Civil war, and was killed during that struggle, being forty- 
four years of age at the time of his death. On the maternal side our subject 
is descended from an old Pennsylvania family who settled in this country in 
1750. His mother survived until the year 1874, passing away at the age 
of fifty-one years. In the family of this worthy couple were three children, 





"£*--«-, 



[PUBLIC UBRKRYj 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 299 

the daughters being Sarah P., the widow of Laban Razer, of Westchester, 
Pennsylvania; and Mary A. 

The only son in the above family, Robert Pennell Thomas, received his 
education in the Protestant Episcopal Academy at Philadelphia, in which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1876, and immediately thereafter he secured 
employment with the firm of C. B. Linn & Company, drug importers of Phila- 
delphia, where he remained for the following five years. " In 1SS1 he went to 
St. Paul, Minnesota, and entered the employ of the Northern Pacific Railroad 
Company in the capacity of a clerk, but in the following year was made fuel 
agent of the eastern division, and on the 1st of January, 1884, was appointed 
general fuel agent of the entire system, remaining in this important capacity 
until July 1, 1891. In that year Mr. Thomas came to Washington, first taking 
up his abode in Tacoma, where he was engaged in a general mortgage and 
loan business until 1893, since which time he has been engaged in the manu- 
facture of lumber and shingles. In 1896 he came to Anacortes and pur- 
chased a shingle mill, operating the same until the summer of [900, when 
this was changed into a sawmill and incorporated under the name of the 
Fidelgo Mill Company, operations having been begun on the 1st of January, 
1901. This mill has a capacity of fifty thousand feet of lumber a day, and 
in addition they also manufacture- 'about three hundred thousand salmon and 
fruit boxes in a year. Mr. Thomas is emphatically a man of enterprise, posi- 
tive character and indomitable energy, and Anacortes numbers him among 
her best citizens and representative business men. 

He has been twice married, his first union having occurred in February, 
1891, and one child, Sarah, was born of that marriage. His second union 
occurred in February, 1892. In his political affiliations Mr. Thomas is a 
Republican, and on its ticket has been elected to many offices of- trust and 
responsibility. In 1877 he enlisted as a private in the National Guards, 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, in which he served in various ranks until 
his resignation in 1881, at that time holding the rank of captain. In the 
year 1899 he was elected a member of the city council of Anacortes, while 
in the following year he was made its mayor, to which position he was re- 
elected in 1901, and in 1902 refused the third election. He was. however, 
elected to fill an unexpired term in the city council, while from 1900 until 
1902 he was chairman of the Skagit county Republican central committee, 
in the following year was elected to the state central committee, and at the 
present time is serving on the executive committee. He was also appointed 
by the governor as a member of the Washington state commission to the 
St. Louis Exposition. In his fraternal relations Mr. Thomas is a member 
of the Masons and the Royal Arcanum. Thus has been briefly reviewed the 
life history of one of the most successful men of Skagit county. In every 
position which in his life he has been called upon to fill he has been highly 
successful, and few men have more devoted friends, while none excel him 
in unselfish devotion and unswerving fidelity to the worthy recipients of his 
confidence and friendship. 



300 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

FRANK W. MITCHELL. 

Frank W. Mitchell occupies a commanding position in the business cir- 
cles of Seattle, being the vice-president and manager of the store belonging 
to Mitchell, Lewis & Staver Company, extensive dealers in mining and mill- 
ing machinery, wagons and carriages. It is true that he entered upon a busi- 
ness already established, but man}- men of less resolute principles could not 
have carried on the work, increasing the business of the house as he has done, 
and in his labors he has shown marked enterprise, keen discernment and 
strong purpose. Mr. Mitchell is a native of Washington and his family is 
of Scotch lineage. The grandfather, Henry Mitchell, was born in Scotland 
on the nth of March, 1810, and in 1833 crossed the Atlantic to the new 
world, taking up his abode in Chicago, Illinois, where he engaged in the manu- 
facture of the Mitchell wagon. In 1856 he removed to Kenosha, Wisconsin, 
where he established the Bain manufactory, which he afterward sold to E. 
Bain. His next place of residence was Racine, and there he became the 
founder of the Mitchell & Lewis Company, which carried on a very extensive 
business there, manufacturing thirty thousand wagons yearly. Mr. Mitchell 
died on the 23rd of October. 1893, at the advanced age of eighty-three years. 

William Henry Mitchell, the eldest son, and the father of our subject, 
was born in Chicago in 1S34, and accompanied their parents on their removal 
to Kenosha. The year 1853 witnessed his arrival on the Pacific coast. He 
crossed the plains with oxen, leaving his Wisconsin home in April and arriv- 
ing in Olympia, Washington territory, in the following October. He was a 
single man at that time, hut while enroute met the lady who afterward be- 
came his wife, for she traveled in the same wagon train and the acquaintance 
thus formed ripened into love that was consummated by marriage. She bore 
the maiden name of Martha T. Johns and was a native of Tennessee. Her 
father was Bennett L. Johns, who came direct from Missouri to the northwest 
and located in Seattle in 1853, becoming a pioneer resident of that town. At 
Olympia William Henry Mitchell was first engaged in cutting cordwood, but 
soon turned his attention to blacksmithing and later to the butcher business. 
As he prospered he enlarged the field of his activities until he became actively 
engaged in the wholesale cattle business, and for a short time was also in the 
grocery business. He likewise conducted a bakery and became interested in a 
saw-mill at Tumwater, near Olympia, as a member of the firm of Ward & 
Mitchell. He afterward owned a mill in Olympia, there carrying on business 
for a number of years. His enterprise grew in volume and importance and 
he became one of the builders of a railroad extending from Olympia to 
Tenino, of which line he had the entire control. In 1882 he sold this and in 
that year he made his first visit back to his old home in Racine, from which 
he had been absent twenty-nine years. Later he returned to Portland, Oregon, 
for the purpose of representing the Mitchell & Lewis Company on the Pacific 
and introducing their wagons into this part of the country. He found a good 
market for the products of the factory which his father had established, and 
continued in the business until 1892, at which time the present Mitchell, Lewis 
& Staver Company was formed, of the Mitchell & Lewis Company general 
agency and the Staver & Walker Company. The new company was incor- 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 301 

porated in Portland in February, 1892, and Mr. Mitchell, the father of our 
subject, became the president. He retired from active participation in the 
business, however, in 1897, and is now spending the evening of his life in a 
well earned rest at Tumwater, near Olympia. He is. however, the nominal 
head of the company. He has a most beautiful property and well he merits 
an honorable retirement from labor. His career has certainly been one of re- 
markable success, deserving of the admiration and respect of all. His efforts, 
too, have been such as to command uniform confidence and his career has 
been characterized by sterling integrity, by keen foresight and managing 
ability that far exceeded that of the average person. The lady who shared 
with him in all the pioneer experiences of life in the northwest was called 
to her final rest in 1896, when fifty-six years of age. Mr. Mitchell has been a 
life-long Democrat, but is not a bitter partisan. He has filled various offices, 
including that of sheriff of Thurston county, in which he was an incumbent 
in 1857. He was likewise a member of the Washington territory legislature, 
being widely recognized as a leader of public thought and opinion as well as 
in industrial and commercial circles. Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell were the parents 
of five children, four of whom are yet living: H. W., who is now manager 
of the business of the Mitchell, Lewis & Staver Company in Portland, and is 
secretary and treasurer of the corporation; Edith, the wife of A. McCoqua- 
dale, an employee of the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company, at Port- 
land, and Albert B., who is with his father at Tumwater. 

Frank W. Mitchell was educated in the schools of his native city and in 
a business college in San Francisco, California. In 1882 he became connected 
with his father's business as a bookkeeper, also performing other office duties, 
and later went upon the road as a traveling salesman through the northwest, 
selling the products carried by the house. He also opened a branch house in 
Walla Walla, conducting it for a year, at the end of which time he again 
went upon the road. In 1887 he returned to the office and continued his con- 
nection with the business in Portland until 1894, at which time he came to 
Seattle to assume the management of the extensive trade which is controlled 
from this point, the house having been established here at the time of the 
incorporation of the company in 1892. They deal on an extensive scale in 
mining and milling machinery, wagons and carriages, their goods being 
shipped to many parts of the United States. His business ability, executive 
force and keen insight have been largely instrumental in promoting the busi- 
ness in the northwest, bringing to the corporation a high degree of prosperity. 

In 1887 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Mitchell and Miss Georgie 
May Riggen, of Portland, who was born in California. They became the 
parents of one daughter. Mildred May. who was left motherless in [897 by the 
death of Mrs. Mitchell. On the 1st of January, 1900, Mr. Mitchell was again 
married, his second union being with Miss Marie Histermann, :i native 'it" ( ,n 
many, who in her childhood was brought to America by her parents who 
located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Later she returned to her fatherland and 
was educated in some of its best schools. In 1889 she came to Seattle, just 
after the great fire here. Both Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell have a hosl of warm 
friends in the city, the hospitality of many of its best homes being accorded 
them. Mr. Mitchell is one of the native sons of Washington, having always 



302 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

been identified with the interests of this state. He votes with the Republican 
party and is deeply interested in all that pertains to the progress and improve- 
ment of the northwest. He is thoroughly informed concerning his business, 
having made a close study of it in principle and detail. He stands to-day 
strong in his manhood and strong in his honor and good name, a most promi- 
nent and active factor in the commercial life of the northwest. 

HARRY A. BIGELOW. 

The state of Washington with its pulsing industrial activities and rapid 
development, has attracted within its confines men of marked ability and high 
character in the various lines of business, and in this way progress has been 
conserved and social stability fostered. He whose name initiates this review 
has gained recognition as one of the able and successful business men of Seat- 
tle, and by his labors, his capability and sterling characteristics has justified 
the respect and confidence in which he is held by the public in general as well 
as by his friends and associates. 

Mr. Bigelow is the youngest of ten children born to Townsend and Diana 
H. Bigelow, November i, 1848, in Hillsdale county, Michigan. His early life 
was spent in the rural district where school advantages were few, and possess- 
ing a desire to acquire knowledge and see more of the world, at the early age 
of sixteen he bade farewell to the home of his youth and went to Illinois. This 
was the year 1S64, when the nation was trembling in the balance and the last 
call for troops so filled his enthusiastic heart that he offered his services to the 
government in subduing the rebellion, enlisting in Company M, Ninth Illinois 
Cavalry. His service was with the Army of the Tennessee under the com- 
mand of General Thomas until he was discharged at Montgomery, Alabama. 
Returning to Illinois he resumed his studies; but the knowledge he had gained 
by his experience in the south imbued within him a spirit of restlessness and 
a determination to realize the possibilities of the far west. In October, 1869. 
in company with his sister, Mrs. Julius Horton and family, he came by way of 
the Union Pacific Railroad to San Francisco, thence north by sailing vessel 
to Seattle. In the spring of 1870 he engaged in merchandising with one of 
Seattle's leading firms and continued with the firm for several years. 

In September, 1873, he was united in marriage to Emma K. Hall, only 
daughter of W. B. and S. E. Hall, and three children were born to them, 
Lillian Floy, Clair Vivian and D. Earl Bigelow. 

He was connected with mercantile interests from 1870 until 1890, when 
he was appointed deputy United States marshal under President Harrison 
and was chief deputy of the state for three years. He performed his duties 
as deputy in an efficient and forcible manner. Retiring from the marshal's 
office he engaged in the real estate and brokerage business, with which he was 
associated until July, 1897, when he sailed for Dawson, Alaska, by way of St. 
Michaels, but was destined not to reach the great gold metropolis on account 
of low water in the Yukon river, and was forced to try his fortune in Ram- 
part City on Manook Creek in American territory. After a year's prospecting 
and securing an interest in twenty-one claims, he resolved to return to Seattle, 
and in company with his son and three others embarked in a rowboat and by 



HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 303 

traveling day and night made the one thousand miles in twelve days to St. 
Michaels, thence by steamer to Seattle. In November, 1898, he again' engaged 
in the real estate business and carried on operations along that line until 
March, 1901, when he became one of the incorporators of the Queen Oil 
Company with valuable landed interests in Kern county, California. 

In his political views he is a strong Republican, having constantly sup- 
ported that party up to the present time. He is truly American and reckons 
nothing that concerns Americans to be unworthy of his notice. Thrown in 
early life upon his own resources he has ever followed the dictates of his 
mind and through years of rugged toil has earned the position among men 
he now holds. 

For years he has taken an active interest in the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic and is one of the charter members of the first post formed in the state, 
known as Stevens Post No. 1, serving three years as Commander of his post, 
and in June, 1901, he was elected department commander of the Department 
of Washington and Alaska. 

He has attended nearly all the national encampments of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, serving on many of its very important committees, and figures 
prominently in the relations between the Grand Army of the Republic and the 
Sons of Veterans. Since 1872 he has been a member of the Masonic order 
and now belongs to St. John's Lodge No. 9, F. and A. M. ; Seattle Chapter No. 
3, R. A. M. ; Seattle Council No. 6, R. and S. M. ; Seattle Commandery No. 2, 
K. T., Lawson Consistory No. 1, Afifi Temple of the Mystic Shrine; also a 
member in good standing of the Knights of Pythias and Odd Fellows. In 
1884 he took part in the organization of the grand lodge of the Knights of 
Pythias, and was elected sitting past grand chancellor. In 1885 he was chosen 
supreme representative of the state of Washington to the Supreme Lodge and 
has attended every session of that body, having been elected to responsible 
offices. He organized the military branch of that order in his state and was 
elected brigadier-general, which position he held for eight years. 

Few men have a more intimate knowdedge of Seattle's growth anil up- 
building than Harry A. Bigelow, whose identification with the city dates from 
the year 1869, and throughout the intervening years he has labored earnestly 
not only for his financial advancement, but for the city's welfare and progress, 
and his efforts have been an important factor in promoting the general good 
He has attained an enviable position in business as well as fraternally, and in 
social circles he commands the high regard of all with whom he comes in 
contact, and enjoys the warm esteem of hosts of friends. 

ARTHUR EDGAR WADHAMS. 

The Wadhams family, as far back as their history can he traced in the 
annals of America, are noted for the sterling traits that arc so characteristic 
of the subject of this sketch, constituting him a fitting representative of the 
name. He was born in Clinton, British Columbia, on the 3d of April, [873. 
The Wadhams and Bostwick families intermarried in [803, the contracting 
parties being Luman Wadhams and Lucy Bostwick. The last named family 
is traceable to the time of Edward the Confessor, who preceded Harold, the 



304 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

last of the Saxon kings, upon the throne of England. Like all ancient names 
it has undergone some mutations during the succeeding seven centuries, and 
has been materially changed since the time Arthur Bostwick transplanted it in 
the wilderness of America. 

Edmund Abraham Wadhams, the father of Arthur E., was born at Wad- 
hams Mills, New York, March 28, 1833, and was descended from an old 
English family of Revolutionary fame. Crossing the plains to California in 
1849, ne thence went to Cariboo, British Columbia, following the stampede 
to the new gold fields. From there he went to Astoria, on the Columbia river, 
and engaged in the fish-canning business with Booth & Company, but between 
the years of 1875 a °d 1880 returned to the Frazer river and resumed his fish- 
canning business. While there, in company with Marsh M. English, he started 
one of the first canneries on the Frazer river, but after a few years' connection 
with that gentleman he followed the business alone. In 1893 he went to Point 
Roberts, Washington, where he erected a cannery, but in the fall of that year 
sold his interests to the Alaska Packers' Association and returned to British 
Columbia, there erecting a cannery at River's Inlet and conducting the same 
until his life's labors were ended in death on the 17th of October, 1900, when 
he had reached the age of seventy-four years. At all times a public-spirited 
and progressive citizen, Mr. Wadhams never desired the honors of public 
office, but on one occasion was induced to accept the mayoralty of Blaine, 
Washington. For his wife he chose Bertha Rosamond Wilson, who was born 
in London, England, July 31, 1846, and was also a member of an old English 
family. Her death occurred on the 17th of January, 1885. In the family of 
this worthy couple were five sons, thcsons, besides Arthur E., being Edmund, 
who is engaged in the brokerage business at Kansas City, Missouri ; William, 
in the fish-canning business at River's Inlet, British Columbia; Charles, who 
is engaged in the same vocation with Pike & O'Kell, of San Francisco; and 
Chester, who is with his brothers at River's Inlet. The daughters in this 
family are: Laura, the wife of John R. Watson, who is connected with a 
fish cannery at Ladner, British Columbia ; and Lucy, the wife of H. J. Hutch- 
inson, also of that city. 

• Arthur Edgar Wadhams received his education in the public schools of 
Victoria and New Westminster, and at Badgley's College in Victoria. Com- 
pleting his studies in 1892, he then entered the cannery of his father, with 
whom he remained until the fall of 1893, when the latter sold his business at 
Point Roberts to the Alaska Packers' Association, with whom the son has 
since remained in the capacity of manager. On the 26th of February, 1900, 
at Blaine, he was united in marriage to Winnifred McElmon, who was born in 
Nova Scotia and is a daughter of D. R. McElmon, a jeweler of Greenwood, 
British Columbia. One son has graced this union, Arthur Edgar, whose birth 
occurred on the 12th of April, 1902. Mr. Wadhams is an active and earnest 
supporter of Republican principles, and is also a member of the Episcopal 
church. 

JAMES MERCER VERNON. 

James Mercer Vernon, who is occupying the position of postmaster in 
Everett, was born on the 5th of June, 1849, ' n Zanesville, Ohio, and is a 



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ASTOR, LENOX AND 
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HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 305 

son of Samuel and Eliza Ann (Mercer) Vernon, whose family numbered 
five children, the subject of this review being the eldest. The father was a 
native of the Buckeye state, and came of an old family that was represented 
in the American army, during the war for independence, by the great- 
grandfather of our subject. He was of English descent, but when the col- 
onists attempted to throw off the yoke of British oppression he espoused t lie 
cause of independence and fought for the establishment of the United States 
The father of our subject was a farmer by occupation and carried on 
that pursuit throughout his entire business career. He died in 1891 at the 
age of eighty-one years, while his wife passed away in 1870 at the age of 
fifty-one years. She, too, was of English lineage, and belonged to a family 
that was founded in America at an early day. Her children were Charles; 
Newton; Washington, deceased; Elizabeth, the wife of J. W. Kemp, a resi- 
dent of Zanesville, Ohio ; and James Mercer. 

In taking up the personal history of James M. Vernon we present to our 
readers the life record of one who is widely and favorably known in Sno- 
homish county. He began his education under the instruction of a private 
tutor and thus continued: hi* studies • -until 'iS6fi, when he matriculated in the 
Ohio Wesleyan University. He belonged to the class of 1871. After leav- 
ing school he became connected with journalistic work, and in 1874-5 was 
reporter on the Pittsburg Gazette, published at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Af- 
terward he became financial editor of the Pittsburg Dispatch, acting in that 
capacity from 1875 unt ^ l &77- ' I' 1 the latter year he became editor of the 
journal of Wilmington, Ohio, and continued to publish that paper with suc- 
cess until 1884. Mr. Vernon has ever been a man deeply interested in general 
progress and improvement, and while connected with the papers in the east 
he put forth every effort in his power to advance the welfare of the communi- 
ties with which he was associated. Political questions have always been of 
the deepest interest to him, as he realized that upon their rejection or adop- 
tion depends the weal or woe of the nation. He became a very active ami 
prominent worker in political ranks in Ohio and served as a member of the 
state central committee of the Republican party in 1882-3. He was also in- 
fluential and active along other lines, and in 1883-4 served as the president 
of the Southwestern Ohio Press Association. From 1884 until 1887, he was 
president and general manager of the Commercial Printing Company at 
Chattanooga, Tennessee, and during that time he was also editor in chief of 
the Daily Commercial. From 1887 until 1889 he was a member of the 
editorial staff of the Chattanooga Daily Times and from [889 until 1891 he 
was editor of the Herald at Fort Payne, Alabama. In the latter year he came 
to Washington and accepted the position of editor of the Times of Everett, 
continuing his connection in this way with journalistic interests until 1900. 
He published a paper which was creditable alike to its editor and to the city. 
It became the champion of many measures of progress, reform and improve- 
ment, and its influence was far-reaching and beneficial. Mr. Vernon was also 
the vice president of the Washington Stall' Press Association in [893-4, and 
during his connection with this organization has done much to advance the 
interests of those who are representatives of the greal fields of journalism in 
Washington. In 1894-5 he was chairman of its executive committee and was 

20* 



306 HISTORY OF THE PUGET SOUND COUNTRY. 

then elected its president, serving in 1895-6. In 1896 he was once more 
chosen a member of the executive committee and acted in that capacity 
through the year 1900. 

On the 14th of April, 1875, was celebrated the marriage of James M. 
Vernon and Miss Helena Bertha Tudor, a native of Ohio, and a daughter of 
John and Caroline (Asher) Tudor, both of whom were natives of the Buckeye 
state and were representatives of old English families descended from the 
house of Tudor, long one of the reigning houses of Great Britain. After the 
family was established in America, however, its representatives became sympa- 
thizers in the cause of independence, and fought in the Revolutionary war. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Vernon have been born two children : Leroy Tudor, who is now 
political editor of the Chicago Daily News; and James Mercer, who is attend- 
ing school. On the 5th of April, 1899, the wife and mother was called to her 
final rest. She was an earnest Christian woman, and rendered effective aid 
in church work up to the time of her demise, and her many excellent quali- 
ties occasioned her death to be deeply regretted by all who knew her. 

Fraternally Mr. Vernon is connected with the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and he is 
a member of the Phi Gamma Delta, a national Greek fraternal organization. 
In politics he has ever been an earnest Republican, unfaltering in his allegiance 
to the party, and he has continually refused to become a candidate for office 
and had never served in positions of public trust until his appointment to the 
office of postmaster. He was made postmaster of Everett by President Mc- 
Kinley on the 3d of June, 1898, and was re-appointed by President Roose- 
velt on the 7th of June, 1902, so that he is now serving for the second term. 
He takes an active interest in the moral development of the community, 
holding membership in the Episcopal church, and his efforts have been effec- 
tive in behalf of its promotion and growth. 

In social life Mr. Vernon is popular and prominent, having a genial 
nature combined with the polish and culture of a college-bred man. He holds 
friendship inviolable and is as true to a mutual understanding or spoken 
agreement as he is to a written compact. His life record has been of honor 
and value to the cities in which he has lived, and in turn he has been honored 
with the unqualified confidence and regard of many with whom he is asso- 
ciated. 

JOHN RIPLINGER. 

No outside aid or influence, no family connection or fortunate environ- 
ments have assisted John Riplinger in his career, which, h