LNrna HISTORY Copy 1 THE REGULATORS NORTHERN INDIANA. PDBLISHBD BY ORDER OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE, INDIANAPOLIS: INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL COMPANY, PRINTERS, 1^9. M. vA. V\otV. HISTORY OP THE REGULATORS NORTHERN INDIANA. .3^" PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE. INDIANAPOLIS : INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL COMPANY, PRINTERS. 1859. r.i vA PREFACE The avowed object in publishing this work is to furnish a concise history of the operations and success of the honest and industrious citizens of Northern Indiana, who banded themselves together in companies called Regulatoks — a right guaranteed to them by an act of the Legislature of our State. In so doing, we have set forth all the important confessions made by the different individuals arrested, and aimed to give a full detail of all the principal items of importance that occurred during the earnest and arduous labors of the better portions of our citizens in redressing the grievances they had so long borne, and in rescuing our country from the hands of those vampires who were blighting and mildewing the best interests of this portion of our State. Hence we earnestly hope, in presenting this work to the public, it may fully meet their expectations, and find a hearty welcome in the mind of every lover of loyalty in our country. ^r ^ HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. Northern Indiana, from its early settlement, has been noted for being the resort of the most numerous gang of blacklegs of almost any State in the Union; and as a rendez- vous for all villains in villainy no country has stood more conspicirous^J The name of some of our northern counties, and more especially that of Noble, has resounded from Maine to Oregon, and from Canada to Florida. Every man, who has traveled through the Western States, has been startled at the rehearsal of the deeds of crime and infamy committed in Noble county, under the supervision of a well organized, well disciplined band of counterfeiters and horse thieves. Indeed, the county of Noble had become so notorious, for being the citadel of all villainy, that honest men traveling from here to other sections of country were ashamed to own from whence they came. Immediately after the sale of the public lands north of Fort Wayne, which took place about the year 1835 or 1836, a number of these men, (whose names will be more fully brought to view in the doings of the Regulators, planted them- selves upon the virgin soil of this country, effected an organi- zation, and commenced their depredations. Their operations seem to have been carried on under obligations of perfect secrecy, and with a display of wisdom that would, in many instances, reflect honor upon a nobler cause. Most of them were emigrants from the State of Ohio, and probably received their first lessons of instruction from the notorious Jim Brown, one of the most successful counterfeiters ever known in the State. 6 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. New countries seem to present the most favorable opportu- nities and the greatest facilities for carrying on the blackleg business of any. Retired from the gazing multitudes of popu- lous cities, domiciled in the midst of the unsuspecting settlers, where law is -comparatively a stranger, and where they are secreted from the eye of vigilance, affording advantages which the sagacity of such men is not slow to perceive. While it is true that our cities and towns are seldom, if ever, entirely free from the contaminating influences of such lawless wretches, loitering about the groceries and other haunts of iniquity, or stealthily pacing the streets at the dead hour of night, to satiate their hellish desires by the commission of crime, it is a notorious fact in the history of all criminal associations, that the nucleus has been formed in some sequestered spot, remote from the settlements of civilization, or in some den or cave of the earth. Hence Noble county, in a very early day, pre- sented a favorable site for the organization of a gang of felons. The principal part of the county was very heavily timbered, and offering great facilities for stealing from the Indians and whites, with good advantages for hiding. The few Pottawatamie Indians, that inhabited this country at that time, were greatly annoyed by these men stealing their ponies. Many of them carried on the business extensively, stealing ponies from the Indians and driving them to other States to sell. The Indians frequently made complaints to some of the whites, but all in vain, no one had courage to come to the rescue. Law was of no avail, because there was no one to execute it. While these depredations were going on among the red men, the poor, honest, hardworking white man, who had sought a home among the hardships of frontier life for himself and family, was by no means passed by. Wm. Latta, Wm. D. Hill, and Geo. T. Ulmer, were among the chief pioneers and leaders of the banditti of Northern Indiana. Three more sagacious and artful accomplices are seldom found. These, however, were not without their allies ready at a moment's warning to go at the bidding of their superiors. Sworn upon the peril of life to defend each other in every emergency, even at the expense of innocent blood, HISTORY OF THE REGULATOES. 7 no deed was too atrocious, no crime too black, to satiate their fiendish ambition. Robbing, murdering, stealing, gambling, burning buildings, making, selling, and passing counterfeit money, have been scenes of common occurrence among us for the last twenty-five years. Bidding defiance to all laAv, they have moved on in their nefarious work, " like the destruction that wasteth at noonday." But the great evil sustained by the communities was not simply the loss of goods and chattels, or the burning of houses, nor was it in robbing the poor Indian of his pony. No ! these were but small crimes compared with the corrupt and blasting influences exerted over the young. Hundreds of young men, and even some young women, have been decoyed and led into debauchery and prostitution of the most barbarous character. No language is adequate to express the direful effects of these men over the morals of our country. Young people, whose early training had been strictly moral, and who in youth could boast a character unstained by the pollutions of crime, may now be seen keeping the company of these loathsome creatures, or clanking their chains in some doleful prison house, working out the just punishment of their crimes. What a change for a parent, a brother, or a sister, to look upon. That countenance, that once beamed with the glow of intelligence, has been changed to the look of shame and remorse, and the dignity of manhood to the doom of a culprit. The spontaneous language of every heart, inspired with the principles of manhood, is, " Go, earthly treasures, money, houses and lands — all I have ; yes, and even my own life, but save my children from the penitentiary." Alpheus Baker, who moved to this country in 1836, lost three horses the morning after he arrived, supposed to have been stolen by Wm. D. Hill. In consequence of this loss his family was reduced to extreme want, and suffered much for the comforts of life. Wm. Mitchell and Asa Brown, who were also among the pioneers of Noble county, took a very prominent stand on the side of honesty, and were zealous in every effort to arrest and bring to justice men who were engaged in this work. Having spared no pains in securing the arrest of Smith alias Jones, 8 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. aiid Elias Turner, who had broke jail in Ohio and fled to George T. Ulmer's for refuge, not long afterwards, these two men, (Mitchell and Brown,) were repaid for their services by the burning of their barns. This took place in 1841 or 1842. Immediately after this a meeting was called for tlie purpose of organizing a society for the mutual protection of all honest citizens, and to raise funds to pursue and catch any and all who should hereafter be guilty of any depredations of a like character. On the appointed day men came up from every part of the country. Among the number, George T. Ulmer, and several others of the gang, were not the least conspicuous and expressed a strong desire to see the work go on. The effort proved a failure for the want of a secret plan of opera- tion. Notwithstanding every effort that was made to the con- trary, the blacklegs still grew in number and strength, until serious apprehensions were felt by many that they would finally bear rule. It may not be amiss here to note some of the prin- cipal causes of their success in numerical strength. One is the flattering delusion held up to the minds of the young men, that making and passing counterfeit money is not only profit- able but an easy way of accumulating property without labor; and another, which is worse than all, is the advantages for the gratification of base desires. One point worthy of notice in the history of these companies, associated for the commission of crime, is this : Wherever you find a rendezvous, hiding- place, or citadel of these land pirates, you will invariably find a number of lewd women. Thus you will see at once that every allurement that men can use for the ruin of your sons, to drag them down to the pit of infamy and shame, is brought to bear upon them. The man of honesty, who earned his bread by his own toil and endeavored to train his family up t-o habits of true morality, was looked upon with contempt. The principles of the Christian religion were derided and trampled upon like tempest-withered leaves. And thus the work went on, sweeping like the besom of destruction and blasting every- thing in its course. No one was exempt from its curse ; and woe to him who dared to raise the hand of opposition. Scarcely a day passed but some strange fiend in human shape might be HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 9 seen sauntering about the streets in company with one or more of these midnight marauders, searching for an opportunity to steal. It has been wisely said, " There is a point beyond which for- bearance ceases to be a virtue." The public had been out- raged ; their houses and barns pillaged and burnt ; their sons decoyed into the vortex of ruin ; the virtue of their daughters blasted forever; and the only alternative that now remained was to challenge the enemy to mortal combat, and measure swords for the victory. Public sentiment must be tested. The line must be drawn. The sword of justice must be unsheathed, and the motto of the chieftain of Mecca inscribed upon it in characters of unmistakable import: ''Fear brings disgrace. Forward lies honor. Cowardice saves no man from his fate." When once the sword is drawn in defence of those natural and God- given rights which are guaranteed to every man by the charter of his creation, he should never sheath it or turn back until God has decided between him and the foe. I am no advocate of war; but when these sacred principles have been disregarded and trampled upon with impunity, and when vice and immorality assume the reigns of government and bid defiance to the law of the land, every principle of justice calls for redress. Whenever the religious and political liberties of any people have been thus disregarded by a band of outlaws, bidding defiance at every step, waging war against the peace and dig- nity of the country, and standing in eternal opposition to every principle of morality, with a design to prostitute and blast forever the character of every young man and woman that comes within the range of their damning influence, it is not only a right which every man holds by virtue of the Decla- ration of Independence, which forms the grand basis of our National Government, to defend himself and family against such invasions, but it is a right which he holds also by the cliarter given him by the God of the universe. I say, when- ever a people, or community, feel themselves thus aggrieved and imposed upon by such a gang of felons, they have a right to demand redress; and if the civil authorities fail to come to 10 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. the rescue with a sufficient force to meet the wants and wishes of the people, then, and not until then, it becomes the right and duty of a community to speak with that stentorian voice which must be heard. "All wholesome law," says a venerable statesman, " has its origin in the expressed will of the gov- erned," and if that sentiment be true, the will of the mass is the law of the land, whether it be by legislative enactment, or by the spontaneous outburst of indignation against a combined force that are plotting the ruin of the country. The crisis was a fearful one. One that called for immediate action. One in which the weal or woe of the country was in- volved ; and one upon which hung in awful suspense the dig- nity, character and future doom of Northern Indiana. The state of society was such as to render it unsafe for any pro- perty to be left exposed to the ruthless hands of these vile desperadoes, who were constantly on the alert, either crouch- ing in ambush like the unsuspected savage to pounce upon his prey in an unguarded moment, or stealthily pacing the premises of some merchant, mechanic, or farmer, eagerly watching every fitful opportunity that presented itself, to put forth the felonious hand in deeds of the darkest dye. Any state of society, — even that of the most untutored savages, where nature reigns in triumphant grandeur, and the white man's foot has never marked the soil, — is preferable to this. While the complicated foldings of the portentious clouds, that thus hung suspended over our country, were daily gather- ing blackness, and threatening ere long to burst upon us like a mighty hurricane and sink us to the lowest depths of infamy and shame, and after every effort of moral suasion had been tried to the utmost, — when every honest man's patience had been taxed to the end of endurance, — our State Legislature came to the rescue. In 1852, an act was passed authorizing the formation of companies for the detection and apprehension of horse thieves and other felons, which for the benefit of such as may not have access to the Statute of our State I will here insert, that you may see that we have not acted entirely without the sanction HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 11 of law, in apprehending and bringing to justice a large number of these blacklegs, since the organization of the companies known in this country as the Regulators : CH-A^FTEPl 51. AN ACT to authorize the formation of companies for the detection and appre- hension of Horse Thieves and other felons, and defining their powers. [Approved March 9, 1852.] Section 1. Be it enacted hy tlie General Assembly of the State of Indiana, That any number of persons, citizens of the State of Indiana, not less than ten nor more than one hundred, may, and are hereby authorized to form themselves into a company for the purpose of detecting and apprehending horse thieves and other felons, as hereinafter provided. Sec. 2. Said persons desirous of forming such company, shall each subscribe articles of association, in which shall be set out the name said company may choose, the residence of each member, the number of members, and the number of years said company shall exist, which shall not exceed ten years. But such articles of association, with the names of said members and their residence, shall first be laid before the board of county commissioners of the county in which it is proposed to organize such company; if said board shall approve the objects of such association, as well as the by-laws governing the same, the said association shall be deemed organized and incorporated under the provisions of this act; and not otherwise : Provided, nevertheless, That said board of commis- sioners shall, at any meeting thereof, have the right, and they are hereby empowered to strike the name of any member from such association, if they deem the public good to require it, and that such examination may, from time to time, be had. It shall be the duty of the secretary or clerk of such association to report, under oath, the name of each and every member of such associa- tion, with their respective places of residence, whenever the board of commissioners of the county shall require it, under the penalty of forfeiting their corporate privileges and powers. Said articles of association shall be filed and recorded in the ofiice of the county recorder of the county in which a majority of the members of said company may reside, and a certified copy of said record 12 HISTORY OF THE REGUTATORS. shall be received as evidence, in any court of this State, of the existence of such company and membership of any person belonging thereto. Sec. 3. Whenever said articles of association shall be filed as above provided, the said company, under the name and style which they may designate, shall be a body politic and corporate, and by such name may sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded answer and be answered unto, in any court of competent jurisdic- tion in this State, and shall have succession during any time not exceeding ten years, as provided in the second section of this act; may have and use a common seal, and alter the same at pleasure. Sec. 4. Said corporation may elect or appoint all such officers as they deem necessary for their organization, who shall severally liold their officers and perform the duties that may be required of them by such company; said officers shall serve either for or with- out compensation, as said company may direct. Sec. 5. A majority of said company shall have power to adopt a constitution and by-laws for their government, and enforce obedience to the same, which constitution and by-laws shall be consistent with the constitution and laws of this State and of the United States. Sec. 6. Such number of members shall form a quorum to transact business and sit upon their own adjournments, or call meetings, under such regulations as said company may adopt. Sec. 7. Said corporation may, at any time, add to their cumbers under the limitations prescribed in this act, and may expel members in such manner and for such cause as may be prescribed in the constitution and by-laws of such company. Sec. 8. Whenever a new member has been admitted or a member is expelled, such fact shall be certified by the proper officer of such company, and recorded in the office of the county recorder where the original articles of association have been recorded. Sec. 9. Such company may receive donations in money, or other property, to be applied to the purposes of their organization, and assess taxes or impose fines upon their members, as may be prescribed in their constitution and by-laws. Sec. 10. Such company shall have power to call to their aid the peace officers of this State, in accordance with law, in the pursuit and apprehension of felons, and reclaiming stolen pro- perty, and each and every one of the members of such company. HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 13 when engaged in arresting oflFenders against the criminal laws cf this State, shall he entitled to all the rights and privileges of constables. Pursuant to the provisions of this act, numerous companies were formed throughout the country, with one grand object in view, namely, to rid the community as far as possible of all who were engaged in this nefarious work. FIRST ORGANIZATION OF REGULATORS. In the formation of these companies, it was customary first to draft a constitution and by-laws setting forth the objects cf the society, the conditions of membership, the number and names of officers, as also their duties respectively. Any per- son making application for membership, must present a name uncontaminated by the vile association of felons, make a solemn pledge of secrecy, and subscribe his name to the rolls. The meetings of the societies were strictly private, and all their plans for operation were kept in profound secrecy until the contemplated arrests were made. The company known as the Lagrange County Rangers was the first organization made under the act of the Statute, in Northern Indiana. The fol- lowing is a copy of the constitution and by-laws of said com- pany, which we insert because of its priority. Those of sub- sequent date were materially altered, with many important additions and amendments. PREAMBLE. We, the undersigned, for the purpose of promoting the general good, for the protection of our property and families, and for the apprehension of horse thieves and other felons, do on this 20th day of September, A. D. 1856, organize ourselves into a society, and agree to be governed by the following articles of association : Art. 1. This company shall be known and designated under the name and title of the Lagrange County Rangers. 14 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. Art. 2. The officers of this society shall consist of a President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, and two Directors, who shall be elected annually, on the last Saturday in September. Art. 3. The President, and in his absence the Vice Presi- dent, shall preside over all meetings of the society, and shall have power to call special meetings when he may deem it necessary for the interests of the society. Art. 4. The Secretary shall keep a correct record of all the proceedings of the society, receive all moneys paid in, and pay the same over to the Treasurer, taking his receipt therefor, and make at each annual meeting a financial report. Art. 5. The Treasurer shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, file with the Secretary of the society his bond for the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars, with secu- rity to be approved by the President, for the due performance of the duties thereof; and shall receive all monies to him paid by the Secretary, giving his receipt therefor, and pay the same out by order of the President. Art. 6. It shall be the duty of the Directors to draft a code of by-laws for the society, and transact such other busi- ness as the society may require of them from time to time. Art. 7. The President, Vice President, or Directors, shall cause the books to be open at all times for the reception of such persons as the society may direct. The initiation fee shall be two dollars, which must in all cases be paid at the time of admittance. Art. 8. The Directors shall, when called on by the Presi- dent or Vice President, assist in all matters connected with the interests of the society, and may assess a tax at any time on the members of the society : Provided however, That said tax shall not exceed fifty cents on each one hundred dollars valuation ; and provided, also, that the same shall be submitted to a vote of the society. Art. 9. There shall be a regular meeting of the society on the last Saturday of September, December, March and June, to confer and advise with each other for the general good of the cause. HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 15 Art. 10. In the event of a vacancy occuring in any office, the same may be filled by a special meeting, of which at least six days' notice shall be given to the members by the President, Vice President, or Directors; and all voting of the society for the election of officers, or the reception of members, shall be by ballot. Art. 11. The number of members in this society shall not exceed fifty at any one time. One negative vote shall be suf- ficient to reject any applicant from becoming a member of this society. Art. 12. Every member of this society guilty of any misdemeanor, shall be entitled to a fair hearing before the society. Art. 13. This society shall continue for a term of eight years from its organization. Art* 14. This constitution may be altered or amended at any regular meeting, by a vote of two-thirds of all the mem- bers present, and notice having been given at least one meeting previous. This society was in existence nearly one year and a half before any others were formed, and was constituted under cir- cumstances of the most pressing necessity, by men who pos- sessed the boldness and fortitude to assert their rights, at a time when danger stared them in the face. The following minutes, embracing the preamble and resolu- tions of a meeting held by this society about sixteen months after its organization, is but a fair representation of the uncom- promising determination with which they had entered the field to engage in the contest : ANTI-HORSE THIEF MEETING. Wright's Corners, Jan. 9th, 1858. The citizens of Southern Lagrange and Noble counties met, pursuant to a call issued by the several Self-Protecting Horse Companies, when John Longyear was called to the Chair, and E. W. Myers appointed Secretary. 16 HISTORY OF THE REGULVTORS. On motion of Mr. Mills, a committee of five was appointed to draft a preamble and resolutions, stating the object and expressing the sentiments of the meeting. The following were appointed by the Chair: Mr. Mills, C. Coch- rane, Dr. J. Z. Gower, L. P. Grannis and A. Hill. The committee then retired, being absent a short time, returned and submitted the following PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTIONS. WJuTcas, The counties of Lagrange and Noble are infested with blacklegs, burglars and petty thieves, to such a degree, that the property of our citizens is very insecure; and Whereas, The tavern kept at Wrights' Corners, by Benj. F. Wilson, is believed to be the rendezvous for these infernal ban- ditti, who carry on their depredations upon the unsuspecting; and Whereas, We have reason to believe that the said B. F. Wilson 18 an accomplice of these villains, protecting them as far as lies in his power; securing them, and aiding and abetting them; and Whereas, There has been counterfeit money passed at the house of said Wilson under circunistances which justifies the belief that it was done by his knowledge and consent, and that he shared a part of the booty obtained thereby; and Whereas, We are believers in the doctrine of popular sove- reignty; that the people of this country are the real sovereigns. and that whenever the laws, made by those to whom they have delegated their authority, are found inadequate to their protection. it is right of the people to take the protection of their property into their own hands, and deal with these villains according to their just deserts; and Whereas, It is notorious that the civil laws are totally inade- quate to the protection of the property of our citizens against the depredations of the vampires, who curse the earth with their presence, living upon plunder taken from the honest, the indus- trious, and often the indigent portion of the community; and Whereas, The citizens of other States have set us an example in this matter, taking the protection of their property into their own hands, and whenever they take these villains, off"er them uj) as a tribute to humanity; therefore Resolved, That we will use our utmost exertions to bring these villains to justice, by assisting to take them wherever they may HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 17 be found, and that, when taken, we will deal with them in siu-h a manner as to us may seem just and efficient. Jiesoh-t'd, That we will hold B. F. Wilson responsible for all depredations which may be committed at his house, by such per- sons as he may harbor ; by passing counterfeit money, or any other overt act, and that we will deal with him in such manner as we would with the real depredators. Resolved, That in case any individual endorsing the preamble and resolutions offijred by this committee, should from such en- dorsement, suffer loss by fire or otherwise, that we all be, and by these presents do bind ourselves to make all loss good to him — such individual bearing his proportion. Resolved, That these proceedings be published in the Lagrange Slandard. Signed by one hundred and thirty citizens. BEGINNING OF THE EXCITEMENT. In the latter part of the year 1857, the handwriting began to be visible upon the wall. The first public demonstration made by the Kegulators was a grand parade, which took place on the day of the Old Settler's Meeting at Kendallville, Jan. 16th, 1858. Soon after the arrival of the morning train of cars, and just before the organization of the meeting, about three hundred men, all on horseback, moved down in majestic strength through the streets of the town, bearing mottoes and banners of various descriptions, one of which contained a paint- ing, representing the capture of a criminal, with these words written over the scene, "iVb expense to the Count//.'' After a full display of their forces, marching in double file tin'ough the most prominent streets of the village, they repaired to the common near the Baptist Church, where several speeches were made, setting forth in very bold and daring language the fixed determination of all those who had enlisted in the cause of reform. Many gazed upon the scene with wonder and aston- ishment. This to Noble and adjacent counties was the star of hope, — the omen of better days to Northern Indiana, and the beacon liglit of her rising glory. While, on the other hand. 18 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. the banditti of counterfeiters were struck with terror and con- sternation, under the fearful forebodings of the rising indigna- tion of an outraged and insulted people, who were ready now to strike for liberty or death. FIRST ARRESTS. On the 17th day of January, 1858, James McConnel, a prominent member of the Noble County Invincibles, after being provided with a posse of fifteen men, proceeded to the village of Rome, and in and about said place made the follow- ing arrests: Miles C. Payne, Gregory McDougle, Sol Stout, Malcomb Burnam, Davis, French, Joseph Hall, Wm. Hall, and E. Kesler; whereupon they were immediately escorted to Ligonier, and placed in the custody of the proper officers of the committee, to await investigation. The practice of bringing every prisoner before the commit- tees for private examination, for the purpose of procuring con- fessions and developments, dates from the beginning of Regu- lating. Hence, whenever any one was caught, upon whom competent evidence of guilt could be found, he was forthwith taken to some private apartment and there placed under the care of a committee, whose duty it was to ask of him a free and voluntary confession of all his knowledge concerning the blacklegs in Northern Indiana. These confessions, however, were not intended to be extorted through fear or favor, but were invariably called for in a voluntary manner. In some instances, where good advice and gentle means failed to accom- plish the desired effect, a more rigid course of treatment was resorted to. Some of the above named persons, after examination before the Regulators, were released for want of testimony. After due investigation before the committees, and a proper develop- ment of fiicts sufficient to warrant a substantial cause of action, they were generally handed over to the authorities, to be dealt with according to law. HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 19 On the night of the 2od of January, E. Kesler was brought before a committee, and made the following developments : CONFESSION OF E. KESLER. " The first I ever stole was on the last of November, or first of December, 1857. Headly, Core, and John Smith, divided the goods, that were stolen from the peddler at Rome, between them. Headly took some of them to Finley's, in Adams county, Indiana. I held the door, while they done the robbing, and I knew they were robbing him at the time. I think some of the goods are at Finley's now. Headly makes his home with Finley. Finley lives about nine miles from Decatur, and about the same distance from Blufton. When I was there, I saw harness, trunks, and bridles, up stairs. The trunks had dry goods in them. I was there abour two months ago. I suppose the goods were stolen. John Deems, and Shearer, stole three horses. Smith traded one of them for a large bay mare, and one was left at Ulmer's for safe keeping. Ulmer gave John Deems $250, and Headly $125, counterfeit money. I did not see either of the horses. John Deems took the iron gray to Ulmer's for Payne. I heard Payne ask Deems how the horses got along; he said, 'fine.' Mr. French told me, when he left, he was going to Angola. He left about two weeks ago. The boys say that Meeker is the old Banker. Stout told me that Smith's boys were his main men. Stout, McDougle, and Core, had a hand in stealing Willis's guns." The prisoner was then conducted to his room, and placed under guards, to await the pleasure of the committee. GREGORY McDOUGLE. On the night of the 25th of January, 1858, Gregory Mc- Dougle was brought before the Committee of the Noble County Invincibles, and, after having made a full confession embracing many important developments, he was conveyed to a private room and there placed under guard. Whereupon a committee of five men was duly appointed, to examine the witnesses and report upon the evidence and the final disposition of his case. 20 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. "We, the committee appointed by the Noble County Invincibles to collect and investigate the evidence in the case of Gregory Mc- Dougle, now pending before this Society, ask to make the follow- ing report : "After having made a full and fair investigation of all the testimony, and having found, during said investigation, evidence of an unmistakeable character, charging the said Gregory Mc- Dougle with murder, do recommend, that the said McDougle be hung by the neck until dead, on Tuesday, the 2Gth day of Janu- ary, 1858, at 2 o'clock P. M." The report, on motion, was received and adopted. Immediately upon the adoption of the report, a deep and profound silence pervaded the whole assembly. Each felt that the eve of an awful crisis was at hand. The fearful responsi- bilities of the decision of Death, upon a fellow being, without the sanction of any other law except that of the natural right of self-defence, were now vividly portrayed in the mind of every member of the committee. No turbulent jar, or discord- ant voice, Avas heard to mar the fearful deliberations of that hour. Calmness and solemnity was visible upon every brow. A more calm, well matured and deliberate decision, was never made by any judicial umpire in the history of criminal juris- prudence. The following resolution was then passed : '■'■Resolved, That the Captains of the several Companies, in Noble and adjoining counties, notify the members of their Companies, respectively, to appear at Ligonier on the day of execution, at the hour of 12 M., and that each Captain be requested to escort his own Company into the village, in regular file and good order." During the pendency of the case of McDougle before the Noble County Invincibles, a more exciting and thrilling interest was never manifested by the citizens of Noble county. Buggies and wagons were constantly on the move to and fro, and not a day passed, for the space of one week, but the cars were filled Imost to overflowing with passengers to and from Ligoniei* HISTORY OF THE REGULATORg. 21 The case of McDougle formed the topic of conversation at every corner of the streets. The movement of the Regulators now made, what before had seemed but the momentary excite- ment of the mass, a serious reality, upon which were suspended the awful issues of life and death. They felt that their natural and God-given rights had been disregarded, and that the arm of the law was too weak to mete out a just retribution to the guilty, under the existing state of society. Ilence they vir- tually said, " The axe is now laid at the root of the tree, and every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit shall be hewn down." The folloAving is an account of the execution of McDougle, as published by the Noble County Begister, and is substantially true according to the original record : EXECUTION OF GREGORY McDOUGLE, At Ligonicr^ Indiana, January 2G, 1858, hy the Nolle County ^'■Regulators ;''^ also, his Confession before the Committee. The 26th of January, 1858, is a day long to be remembered by the citizens of Noble and adjoining counties, as being the day on which was executed Gregory McDougle, and we shall endeavor to give such facts as shall make the reader acquainted with all the attending circumstances. It is a well known fact, that for years our County and Lagrange have been known, hundreds of miles, as the dens of blacklegs of every conceivable grade; and honest citizens, while from home, have hardly dared own their place of residence, for fear of being looked upon as one not safe to run at large, and as the sequel will show, not without cause. Years since, while our country was new and hiding places plenty, the notorious Latta, Hill, Ulmer & Co., formed their nucleus near the Tamarack, as a place to which ail might meet to take counsel, lay plans, manufacture counterfeit money, and be safe from harm. For years their gang, in a mea- sure, controlled our election and sat upon our juries, thus render- ing the laws of no avail. Year after year has passed away and the same state of things has continued. Our horses, buggies, harness and other property, have been stolen by the wholesale ; our stores broken and goods taken. Our citizens have been met by the high- 22 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. wayman, and at the pistol's muzzle robbed, and in one instance stabbed; and so well were their plans laid that their detection seemed impossible. Thus, for years, have this banditti pursued their course. No Dian or his property were safe while this gang remained in our midst. If, by chance, one was arrested, he would be released by his comrades, break jail, go on inadequate straw bail, or, if held to court, be sworn clear by his confederates under the alihi dodge, until our citizens lost all hopes as to the laws accomplishing the desired result. By a chain of fortuitous circumstances, a short time since, the gang, their numbers and places of deposit, became known, when a Committee of Vigilance was formed to bring them to justice- The result was that some twenty-five were arrested, and of the number fourteen are now in jail, well guarded. During the in- vestigation it became known that one of the gang, a former accom- plice of the notorious Townsend, one Gregory McDougle, alias Gregory McGregor, Geo, McLane, Geo. Bates, was in custody of the Court, — a man who, by his own confession, was born in Wal- laceburg, Kent County, Canada West, in the year 1831, where he commenced his career of crime by breaking the Chatham jail^ where his brother was confined, robbing the jailor's wife of a purse of gold ; also robbing a schoolmaster of a watch on the ice, and names other affairs in Canada, — details which stamp him as one of the most desperate and hardened villains that the annals of crime present. Since April last, he, with two others, have stolen no less than thirty-four horses, broke two jails, robbed four stores and two tan- neries, took the entire load of two peddlers, besides a large amount of harness, saddles, buggies, and other property too numerous to mention; who publicly boasted that no jail could hold him, and that he feared neither God, man, or the devil. Further, there seems to be other and deeper acts, which he did not confess, and which we will briefly detail. The Deputy U. S. Marshal of Michigan states, under oath, that he has had in his possession for some time, a reward from Canada, for the apprehension of this man, for the crimes of robbing, an attempt to break jail, and murder. McDougle confesses to his identity in the acts of robbing and attempt to break the jail at Chatham, Canada, to release his brother, but denies that the mur- der occurred. The Marshal, Mr. Halstcad, however, states that HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 23 lie went to Canada twice to investigate tlie matter, and that the murder was committed upon the very person that McDougle con- fesses of robbing, to-wit ; the jailor's wife of the prison, where McDougle's brother was confined. Added to this we have the testimony of a confederate, taken separate and apart from the statement of the Marshal, that McDougle, in relating his exploits, stated that these occurrences did take place, and that he gave the blow that caused the death. McDougle also confesses to robbing a schoolmaster on the ice, but denies his murder. We have, from the same authorities and others, that the schoolmaster was not only robbed, but murdered, and found dead on the ice. One other crime we will mention, and close this harrowing and sickening detail. This former confederate, heretofore mentioned, states that McDougle informed him, that he and another accom- plice, hearing of a Scotchman that had received quite a sum of money, proceeded to rob him of the treasure. With pistol to their victim's breast they demanded his money. He told them that he had deposited it in bank. After a search, and not believing his statement, they proceeded to divest him of what clothing was necessary, and procuring live coals of fire roasted him upon them. They released him before death occurred, becoming satisfied that their victim had told them the truth. McDougle, in his confes- sion, qualifies by saying, that he held his accomplices horses, while they did the act. We leave our readers to judge of the executed man's complicity in these acts. Proofs being positive, a jury of citizens, (not a jury of twelve, but a jury of hundreds,) decided that justice required that he die ; and on this memorable day he was executed ; not by a rabble, not by a noisy mob, not by young men in the heat of passion, but by men who for years have been residents of this and the adjoining counties, — men that were impelled, not by a thirst for blood, not to riot in the agonies of one made in the image of the God they worshipped, but that stern justice demanded the offering as an example to the you.ng in their midst, many of whom have already taken the first steps in that road which leads to death. All felt the solemnity of the hour; all would gladly have had it other- wise, if justice could have been satisfied through any other chan- nel; but all felt that this was the only resort. During the fore part of the day he was visited by two clergymen, who endeavored to point his thoughts to Him who holds the destinies of man in 24 HISTORY OF THE REGUL\TORS. His keeping, and ■who is free to forgive all, even to the most guilty. Gregory McDougle was brought before the committee on the evening of the 25th of January, when he was informed, for the first time, of the doom that awaited him — that he was to be exe- cuted the next day at 12 o'clock. The gentleman whose duty it was to break to him this painful and unwelcome intelligence, addressed the prisoner in some very affecting and appropriate remarks, which seemed to affect him to such a degree that he ap- peared confused, and made some wandering remarks, such as, "Well, gentlemen, I am in your power, deal with me as you see fit — I have never been in Canada — I never had a brother there," &c., &e. He said he had committed many thefts, and commenced to relate them, but was told that perhaps he had better return to his room, where if he had anything to relate — any confessions to make, he would be waited upon by two or three persons, who would commit to writing whatever he desired to communicate — to which he assented. He was then asked, if he would like to have a clergyman visit him in his room and confer with him on spiritual matters. He replied that he would, and desired to know if he could not have an opportunity of seeing his wife. He was told that his wife should be sent for immediately. He was then taken back to his room, and messengers dispatched at once for his wife and child, who arrived next morning at 7 o'clock. After a short exhortation and prayer by the Rev. Mr. Wolcott, he made the following CONFESSION. "I was born in Wallaceburg, Kent County, Canada, in 1831. My parents were respectable, and gave me a good opportunity for an education, but I did not improve it. My father was a professor of religion. I was married to Magaret Jacobs when I was nine- teen years of age. I have four brothers and one sister. My father died when I was nineteen, in Canada. He was engaged, at the time of his death, in merchandizing, in Wallaceburg. His name was Laughlin McDougle. I was engaged at the time of my father's death in keeping tavern. I continued in this business about two years. I commenced my career of crime about four or five years since. My brother Miles was at work on the Great Western Railroad, where he was arrested for robbing a house and stealing a horse, and confined in the Chatham jail. I went to the HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 25 jail in company with John McGreggor, John McDougle and James McDougle, to release my brother. The jail was surrounded by a wall. McGreggor, John and myself climbed over the wall by the aid of a ladder. (James dared not venture.) We took the ladder and stove against the door, which was made of wood, and burst it in ; we went into the hall and so into the jailor's bedroom ; we found no one there but the old lady, who appeared frightened, but he tapped her lightly on her head with his hand, and said, ' Don't be frightened, mother, I'll not hurt a hair of your head, I only want the keys of the prison." She immediately gave us three — one to each of us — and also went to the bed, and from under the pillow took a bag about fifteen inches in length and handed to us, which I took and put in my pocket. There wa? something heavy in the bag, but did not look to see what it was. I then went to the grate doors and on the opposite side were the guards, who called out 'run here boys,' upon hearing which my comrades turned and fled; but I went up to the door and told the guards to stand back or I would shoot them. I tried to unlock the door, but found the key which I had did not fit, and that the boys had gone with the one which did. I then started to pass out, and the old lady followed me and demanded back her purse of gold. I stood a second or two, and then handed it back, and said, 'here mother, take your gold, I do not want it.' The old lady's name was Payne. I then went out and joined my com- rades, and traveled home on foot, a distance of twenty-six miles. The officers pursued us, and got to my house before we did, but we managed to keep out of their way. I then went to Chemung County, N. Y., where I fell in company with one Sherman Mal- lett, and, with our wives, came to Burr Oak, Michigan, and there met with Wm. Latta. Bought a place opposite, and stayed there several weeks repairing the place. Mallett hired a horse at a livery stable and drove to Port Mitchell ; broke open a store, and stole a lot of silk goods and kid gloves; he put in an overcoat and started for home, but lost a piece near the tamarack; took the rest to Latta's. "About six weeks after Latta came, and proposed to John Mc- Dougle, Sherman Mallett and myself, that he would furnish us with some counterfeit money, if we would get some goods. We went to Waterford, in Elkhart Uounty, and broke open a store and stole dry goods to the amount of some .$300. We took them to about three miles west of Lima and hid them in the woods. 26 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. We sold a part to Latta, and a part to Jeremiah Misner, for coun- terfeit money made at Perry Randolph's. The factory at Fawn River was broken open, I think, by Charles Smith and a man called Red Head. The goods were taken to Wm. Hill's. I went in company with Mallett, Wm. Ray, and John McDougle to De- troit, and there passed about ^60 in paper on the Westminister Bank, Rhode Island. I had some six or eight hundred dollars of this money. I sold a part of it to Mallett's comrades in New York. Mallett and I hired a span of grey horses at Romeo, Michigan, and drove them to Chemung County, N. Y., and sold them to Edward Howard, who lives about five miles from Havanna- We then exchanged some of our counterfeit money for 20's on the Black River Bank, and came back to Freedom. Mallett passed two 20's on the way home. I gave mine to Latta. " Mallett went into the factory at Fawn River on pretence of looking for a site, and went all through it. Suspicion rested on me. We went to Perry Randolph's, and then to Kendallville, where Mallett passed one or two of his 20's. While we were absent my house was searched, and the ofl&cers were waiting for me when I returned, but I only stayed about two hours, and then started for Jackson. My wife, then, for the first time, became acquainted with my true character. I went back to Wallaceburg, Canada, and stole a pair of horses from Raymond Baley, and rode them seventy miles east of London, and took them into the pinery. I stopped with a man by the name of Cartright, and made shingles a few weeks, the horses being secreted. I finally made a sleigh, stole a set of harness, and brought them to Cartright's. I started for Buffalo on Christmas, 185G, and put up at the Grrankin House- I sold one of the horses to a merchant, and the other to Lyons at Black Rock. I then returned to Canada, and hired a horse and cutter at Ingersol and came to Wallaceburg, and took my cousin with me. About six miles from Wallaceburg we stole a pony from a stable ; came to Tecumseh, Michigan, and there traded off the pony for another horse, and came to Freedom ; went to Perry Randolph's and left one horse there ; went to Bill Hill's and traded both horses for a sorrel mare ; Hill knew they were stolen. I then started for Wallaceburg in company with my wife and cousin ; we stole a pony below Detroit, and went about twelve miles, when my cousin stole a sorrel mare; we sold the pony about ten miles from Port Dover; we took the other two horses to Buf- falo, and sold them. I went from there to Syracuse, and worked HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 27 in the salt works several weeks. Tlion went to Chemung County, N. Y. I went in company with Edward Howard to rob a man they called Big Jim. Howard went into the house, wet a cloth with chloroform and laid it on his breast, went out and waited a few minutes, then went in and took $95 and a gold watch; I took the watch and twenty dollars of the money. I went back to Syra- cuse and took my wife and went to Rochester, and then went back to Chemung County, and hired out to drive team for a man by the name of Hutchinson. I went to his bed in the night, and took $125, and a watch worth two or three dollars. Then went to Rochester, stayed a few days, then went back to Chemung. There met Mallett, who had just been pardoned out of prison. We went to Jefferson and broke open a drug store, and took some jewelry, pocket-knives, and seven or eight dollars in money ; we took the goods to a man by the name of Baker, east of Penn Yan ; he offered us sixty dollars, we wanted eighty dollars; he, however, stole some gold rings of us. "We went from there to Penn Yan and took the cars for Roch- ester; stayed there awhile ; finally went back to Baker's and broke open his wagon and stole seventy or eighty dollars worth of goods. We then went to Chemung, and stole Joseph Howard's horse, and went back to Baker's and stole his two mares, sleigh, double harness and a set of single harness; we traded our sleigh and har- ness off for a wagon to a man by the name of Reed, in Chatauque County; we kept the mares. We broke open a store and stole dry goods to the amount of $200; also, a jeweller's store, and took two or three hundred dollars worth of watches and jewelry; we took our jewelry to Canada. We hired a horse and buggy of a man by the name of Fish, and drove it to Perry Randolph's and sold it to Woodford. "I next went to Pennsylvania and broke into a grocery and got about a hundred dollars worth of tea and tobacco. Mallett hired horses and buggy of Woodford and we went down to Ellicottville, where we got in company with a man by the name of Phipps, and we went some seven miles, to a man by the name of Ozen, and I held the horses while they went into the house ; they hurt Ozen badly by striking him with a stick ; they got twenty-four or twenty- five dollars. We stopped some two or three months with Reed. I tlien took my mares and hitched them to my wagon, and we came to Tiffin, Ohio, and Mallett sold all to a pump peddler. I then came to Burnam's to see about my mother. I got thirty Z<5 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. dollars of Biirnam in bogus coin, and 82,000 in counterfeit of Bill Hill, on the Southern Bank of Kentucky, brought from Cin- cinnati. I then returned to Chatauque, N. Y., and sold some and some I returned. "On my return T became acquainted with Payne through Bur- nam. We went to Wolf Lake, and took a pair of horses of movers, and took them to Mr. Woodford's in Chatauque County, and sold them to him. We stole another pair of brown mares, and drove them back and sold them to Burnam. Payne stopped at Perrys- burg and stole another and rode to Burnara's. I traded a watch with Payne for his horse and $20. Next, Barney Weston, Sol. Stout and myself, went to Springfield, broke into a store, got about $200 worth of dry goods, and sold them to Barney Weston for a wagon; I sold it to Burnam for my board. Next Payne.and I went to Uniontown in July, and got ten or twelve pairs of boots, two pair of long rubber boots, and one pair of men's gaiters. Payne sold his to Bill Hill, and I sold mine to Kreamer. Payne and I next went to Ontario and pulled some four or five hundred pair of buckskin gloves from McKinley; sold some to Hill, some to Ulmer, and some to Joe and Bill Hall. "A man by the name of John Wilson stole Spencer's horses, and took them about thirty five miles north of Cincinnati, and sold them to an old farmer, and then pulled a pair of brown horses, and brought them to Burnam's, and put them to my wagon, drove them to Detroit, then shipped them to Dunkirk and drove them to Thomas Reed's in Chatauque County, N. Y. I took a mare and colt from Burnam's to Michigan, four miles east of Albion, on the Jackson road, and traded to Wm. Hill for a horse. " I traded a horse to ;* he is with us; I gave him counterfeit money, and he told me he passed it; he was initiated before I saw him. These men are the kind of men that are the cause of so many horses being stolen. Also ;* I would not be afraid of his exposing me if he knew I had a stolen horse. " Stealing from the peddler at Rome, myself, Kcssler, Hadley, Stout, Hank Core and Smitzer, hid the goods under a hay stack. Myself, Core and Stout went to Springfield, and on our way back Core went into a shoe shop and took two guns, one deer skin and accordeon ; Core, I think, took them north. We then came to * We leave these names blank for certain reasons. HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS, 29 McKinzie's wagon and took the box out and liid it in tlic bushes; a few nights after I gave it to Forsyth to peddle out — Forsyth the magic man." On being questioned he stated, tliat " he robbed a man by the name of Alexander McCoy of a watch on the ice at Wallaceburg, soon after I tried to get my brother out of jail. I ran up behind him and pulled his watch, when he fell down on the ice, but was not hurt ; he came to my house next morning for a drink." Upon being questioned in regard to a certain Scotchman, robbed in the western part of New York, he said: "Mallett and Wm. Hoy went to his house; the man was setting smoking his pipe; they asked him for a drink, he got them some water, when Roy knocked down; he asked what they wanted; Roy said they must have his money; he said he put it in the bank; they poured out wheat and flour and raked it all through in search of the money, after which they put some live coals in a kettle and set him on it, but he still said it was in the bank. I merely held the horses outside. They took an old watch and left. A man by the name of Jones pointed the place out to them by writing them a letter; Jones lives near Georgetown in Canada. " DeKalb County. — Miles Payne, John Wilson and George Palmer, broke open the Spencerville store. R. J. deals in counterfeit, lives in Uniontown. Pladley and Hunt robbed and stabbed Myers. "LiGONiER.— Hank Core stole Storm's buggy; it is on the Michi- gan River, at True Roberts', at Lowell. Wright's goods were stolen by Charles Smith and Wilkinson, and sold to Bill Hill. " Fort Wayne. — Largchuft, ticket agent, Ott Holcomb, Bill Jackson, keeper of the Mad Anthony Saloon, and Joel Cutter, all deal in counterfeit money. Sam Gowers uses counterfeit and secretes horses ; he gave me counterfeit money himself. "Lagrange — Constable Louther deals in counterfeit and horses. James Pitts signs the bills on Pretty I'rairie; Ad. Nimmons used to. Misner signs his own. There is an old man that usually stops at Perry Randolph's; he cut their plates, or docs their en- graving; I think he is there now. John Goodrich secretes stolen horses; he secreted two for me at diiferent times; he also deals in counterfeit; has asked me for it. Holsinger's horse was taken by Hunt and sold to Wm. Hall, four miles from Albion, Michigan. Dan Wilson and Ben Wilson deal in counterfeit, and secreted a couple of horses for Payne." 30 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. McDougle was at Burnam's in December, 1857. He saw Dr. Hogan, and Hogan said that lie had sold Burnam a Christmas collar, and if he let Burnam have 8400 or $500, whose business was it? Dr. Hogan was at a party at Ben Wilson's. Payne was there. Payne let Hogan have a quantity of counterfeit to keep till after the dance. Payne had S900; Hogan knew it was coun- terfeit money. McDougle has seen Meeker there counterfeiting at different times; seen him at Burnam's coloring counterfeit. James Clark, a baggage master on the railroad at Fort Wayne, deals in counter- feit; he is a big stout man. Jed Cothrell, who keeps the saloon, deals in counterfeit; he used to get his money from Bill Hill and Burnam. Jonathan Thompson makes and peddles spurious coin; lives in Kinsman, Ohio, on the road to Meadville. Ott Hoken, a starch dealer, deals in counterfeit. Wm. Thompson, used to be sheriflF of Chemung County, N. Y.J John Thompson, Henry Thompson, out west, Charles Hibbard, keeps tavern, all of the same place, and John Rosenkraus, think he lives in Bath, N. Y., all deal in counterfeit money. HIS APPEARANCE. McDougle, throughout the period of his confinement, up to the time of communicating to him his awful doom, seemed perfectly careless and hardened, and, in fact, his bearing and manner were defying. He made several derisive remarks about the proceedings of the Regulators — stated that he was not to be, and could not be frightened. He seemed at times to regard the persons about him, and all attempts to get confessions from him, with marked con- tempt. His remarks were often profane as well as insulting — sometimes he would maintain a dogged silence to all inquiries made of him. After being informed of the doom that awaited him, he seemed to wake up to a new and entirely different feeling. The writer of this witnessed the parting interview with his wife and child — a babe of near a year old. His wife had reached him about 7 o'clock A. M. McDougle was the first to convey to her the tidings of his own doom. She was completely overcome, and in a short time relapsed into a swooning state, from which she did not fully awaken until the time had come for his removal to HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 31 the place of execution. And oh ! the heart-rending scene of those few minutes which composed that parting interview ! McDougle was composed, but weeping freely, and lamenting his fate. His wife, in view of this last interview upon earth with the husband of her youth, seemed inconsolable. Her ejaculations of grief and sorrow were almost unmanning. She begged to go with him. He told her that it would not do. Once or twice he started from the embrace of his wife, remarking that he would have to go as " they were waiting for him." He urged her to train up their child in the "way it should go." The babe participated in the sadness of the scene ; it caught the reflex of grief on the countenances of those around it, and cried sorrowfully. McDougle, brushing away the tears, hushed his babe aifectionately and fond- ly, and bidding a last adieu, he slowly left the room for the car- riage, which awaited him in front of the hotel. He was seated with a clergyman and three or four other gentlemen, and at once driven to the place of execution, followed by a large cavalcade of horsemen, and others in carriages and on foot. They arrived at the place of execution at about 3 o'clock. After some preliminary arrangements, the wagon containing the prisoner and his coffin was driven under an oak tree from a branch of which the fatal rope dangled. He seemed calm and collected — indeed, he evinced throughout the whole of the terrible scene the utmost calmness and self-possession. The preparations being completed, the prisoner rose and addressed the crowd. The following is an abstract of his remarks, for a report of which we are indebted to our friend A. B. Miller, Esq : REMARKS OF M'DOUGLE. "I am happy to see such a crowd around me, and I hope all young men will take a warning from me. My old father and mother advised me to do good. I never committed murder. They say that I killed a man and woman in Canada, and that I burnt a man to make him tell where his money was. It is false. The worst crime I committed was in New York; I then stole, and hurt a man, which long troubled me ; but he got well. I have stolen many times, and taken many horses. Mr. Braden has my confes- sion, which I am willing you all should see. I am sorry to be here, but it might as well be my lot as another's. I say to young- men, keep from houses of ill-fame, and instead of playing cards, read your Bible. The first deviation is the worst ; the progression 32 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. is easy tlien to robbery, and finally to murder. No man, I think, has any hard feelings towards me, and I have hard feelings towards none. The citizens of Ligonier have treated me kindly. It is my unhappy portion that my doom should be a warning to all young men, and I am glad to see so many here. It is said that I fear neither God, man, or the devil. I do fear God. It is but a few years since I commenced this course. I broke jail in Canada to release my brother. I was discovered, and had to flee my country, and since have fallen into bad ways. I was forced by circumstances into the society of bad men, and hence have pur- sued a bad course. There are quite a number of people who think the Committee is mistaken in what they do. I say they are not. They are justified, and I hope that they will succeed in their undertaking, and root out all the thieving, coining, counterfeiting and horse stealing. Many present are probably as bad as me, but I hope they will all, especially the young men, take warning by me. My only source is God. I trust to Him for mercy. I trust in the Lord." Note. — The confession of McDougle is given as he gave it in, after the sentence of death was passed upon him. It is proper to say that it is not considered full. The time was short, sixteen hours, that he had to relate his misdeeds, and were he disposed to give a full and honest account, the overwhelming horror of his situation would tend to cause him to confuse and disconnect his statements, and, also, in the multitude of his crimes, to pass over many acts, some of which he adverted to in conversation with his clergyman and others. There are some crimes committed by him in this section of country, which are well known, which he has not mentioned at all in his confession. These will be given in future, accompanied with the statement of his former accomplice. This sheet is compiled to satisfy the public demand, and is given as the superficial view of the matter at present. The wife of McDougle, subsequent to his execution, proved to be a very important witness in many cases. She manifested, however, great reluctance to having any publicity given either of her name or the execution of her husband, stating as a rea- son that her parents were still living, and she did not wish them to know anything of her misfortunes. She said she never intended to let them know where she \Yas. HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 66 Several letters have been received by the Regulators, from tliffcrent parts of the country, confirmatory of the statements of McDougle in reference to his own crimes, one of which we give below : RusHViLLE, N. Y., Mar. 22, 1858. 3fr. Pof;(maRffr : — As I have just read an account of the execu- tion and confession of Gregory McDougle, at your place, on the 2Gth of January last, and as many have no confidence in such confessions made at such times and under such circumstances, I thought I would write and let you know that all those acts, except the horse stealing, which he says transpired in this county, are true. His statement iu reference to the store which was broken in Chemung County is also true, and the Baker whom he mention.<» is a man living in Penn Yan, as he says. I have showed the con- fession to the sheriif of our county, and he says he is acquainted with the said Baker, Joseph Howard and several other hard cases* he mentions. I see by the papers you are doing a good work. r write that you may know that many of the statements made in said confession, in reference to liis acts in this country, are true. F. C. Chamberlain, P. M. MALCOMB BURNAM. This man, as appears from a letter on file, emigrated to Indiana sometime in the year 1855 or 185G, from near Bell River, Michigan. He is a man about forty years old, five feet nine inches high, spare face and brown hair ; has a wife and four or five children, some of whom are full grown. From the letter above referred to, he seems to have left the State of Michigan under suspicious circumstances, and is said to have brought with him a set of dies for manufacturing bogus money. He was an intimate friend and companion of McDougle. At the time of his arrest he was a resident of Noble County and occupied the farm formerly owned by Wm. Latta, now by Dr. L. Barber. After his arrest he was in due time brought before the committee for examination, but was very stubborn and peremptorily refused to make any confessions and constantly 84 HISTOKY OF THE REGULATOES. urged the plea of innocence. A part of the committee, owing to his manifest obstinacy, were in favor of applying the rope. The question was strongly discussed by men of ability on both sides, and the first vote resulted in a decree to hang, but the motion was reconsidered and lost by a very small majority. Whether the rope was applied to his neck at any time during the investigation is not reported ; but sure it is that many who were arrested and brought before the Regulators can testify to the prevalence of the rope system at that time. From some cause, however, he was induced to make the following confes- sion, which though very disconnected we give as it appears on record. After naming certain persons he proceeds : " They told me that they got their money of Bill Hill ; they have all told me that they had passed counterfeit money ; told me that he received a stolen horse from Bill Hill, knowing the same to be stolen ; he said the horse was white, and was stolen from Fayette County, Ohio, by a man by the name of John Wil- son, and was afterwards taken by Bill Hill to Missouri ; he told me that a certain black mare he owned he had received from , which was stolen from Valparaiso last fall, (1857;) McDougle told that the gloves he sold him were stolen from McKinley, of Ontario, Lagrange County, Indiana; Wright's goods that were stolen from Fairfield Center, in Dekalb County, were taken by McCoy and Charles Smith to Hill's Corners, four miles east of Lagrange, to Drake & Woodward's tavern, and were known by Drake & Woodward to have been stolen; I know that said Drake & Woodward bought a span of stolen horses from Charles Smith and McCoy; said McCoy is about twenty-two years old, — harbors blacklegs; Samuel Pulver bought coin and bills of Hill; Bill and Jabob Garmire bought coney of Hill ; Samuel Pulver bought $25 in bogus money of Hill, at Huntertown, about one year ago; I saw him pass a part of it ; I think Joseph Bollin and Payne are knowing to these facts; Pulver has told me that he passed and dealt in counterfeit money ; I heard D. I. Donegan say that he had passed three or four ten dollar bills of counterfeit; he says he has the directions where to go to get bogus and counterfeit ; it is in Ohio County, Indiana." The committee being satisfied that they could make no very HISTORY OF THE KEGULATORS. 35 profitable use of Burnam, and finding that he was disposed to make no very important developments, only on conditions of liis own release, and well knowing that such revelations would entirely invalidate his testimony, either against himself or any one else, soon handed him over to the United States Deputy Marshal Charles Seeley, to be taken to Indianapolis. He lay in the jail at Indianapolis until the fall term of the United States District Court, at which time he was ti'ied and sentenced to the penitentiary for a term of two years. The following is a copy of a letter received from Bell Biver, near where Burnam formerly resided in Michigan, and is con- firmatory of many of the statements already made ; and gives also an idea of the character he bore previous to his emigration to our State: "Gentlemen: — I learn by the public prints that you have succeeded in breaking up a gang of thieves and robbers who have infested your county and those adjoining. I live at Bell River, St. Clair County, State of Michigan. All that separates us from the scene of McDougle's former exploits is the St. Clair River which is about one mile wide. We have for a number of years been troubled more or less by the villains committing their depre- dations, and crossing back and forth over the river as it became necessary to escape justice. McDougle has been from here a number of years. A man by the name of Burnam left here about two years ago. There was at that time an organized band on both sides of the river, which we have succeeded in breaking up, and some of tliera are now in States Prison. This Burnam made his escape and probably took the dies, &c., with him. He is about thirty-five or thirty-eight years old, five feet nine inches high, spare face and brown hair." A large quantity of material and also a set of dies were found at Burnam' s house at the time he was arrested, which were brought into Court as evidence against him. One piece of metal was found in the yard of the residence where he was taken, buried among the rubbish, which weighed fourteen pounds. 36 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. MILES C. PAYNE, THE NOTORIOUS TRAITOR, Early educated to habits of honesty and industry, under the care of a mother much devoted to the great principles of Christianity, and a worthy patron of that noble cause, presents one of the most striking illustrations of treachery of any among the infernal gang. He was one of the number arrested by James !McConnel, on the 17th day of January, 1858, and on being brought before the Committee of the Noble County Invincibles, from some cause, perhaps an undefined conscious- ness of some coming evil, he made no hesitancy in opening up a full disclosure upon the whole gang, and detailing the most horrible catalogue of crime ever known among the people of the country. Persons upon whom not the least suspicion had ever rested before, and who had hitherto been esteemed as good and worthy citizens, were now implicated by unraistakeable marks of guilt and shame. These developments, though never reduced to writing, were of the most startling character, and led to the breaking up of almost the entire company. Many, whose sagacity enabled them to foresee the evil, fled from the country and have not been heard from since; while others, less sagacious, esteemed the commotion of the people but as the momentary excitement cf a furious storm, which would ere long end in calm and sunshine, and, ashamed to exhibit such demonstrations of guilt, aimed to vindicate their innocence by remaining at home. As his confessions were never com- mitted to writing, we shall only be able to give a concise his- tory of his operations while acting under the character of a detective in concert with the Regulators. With no pledge except that of personal safety, he entered upon the work of a detective with a boldness, freedom and zeal seldom surpassed even by the Regulators. He states that he had been engaged in the blackleg business oidy about two years, and that during that time he had stolen about thirty-six horses, besides large quantities of goods and other commodities, and during the whole time had been exten- sively engaged in buying, selling and passing counterfeit HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 37 money. His field of operations extended through the States of New York, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan and Wis- consin. In the latter part of the winter of 1857-8, he, in company with Dr. J, S. Layering, proceeded to Layette, Ind., where, by the advice and assistance of Mr. Chissom, the very excellent Sheriff of that place, they succeeded in making several important arrests. The persons arrested were in due time brought before the United States District Court at Indian- apolis, and, by the evidence of Payne and said Dr. Lavering, sent to the Penitentiary. He mentions a large company located at Black Rock, Wisconsin, to which he had access as a place of refuge, and represents them as being the most numerous and best organized gang in any of the States. By his undeviating conduct and daring fortitude in ferreting out, lining up, and aiding to arrest all such as were in any way implicated, he had succeeded in gaining almost the entire con- fidence of all the Committees. Thus, after having proved himself one of the guiltiest of the guilty, and after having in the most cowardly manner pos- sible proved the most treacherous of all thieves among thieves, and after having made bold- and high pretensions to reform, and manifested the strongest desire to see the whole banditti routed and driven from the country, he proves himself to be one of the most infiimous of all blacklegs, unworthy to be trusted by any, even the most vile desperadoes or pirates that ever roamed on land or sea. By allowing himself, at a time when no earthly consideration should have caused him to falter, to be hired to turn traitor and prove recreant to the trust reposed in him, and again rush heedlessly into the labyrinths of crime and infamy. He left the country during the fall term of the Lagrange Circuit Court, probably from induce- ments which remain in the dark. He is about six feet high, dark eyes and hair, strong built, and about twenty-five years old. Upon his left arm may be found his name, written with India ink, and on the hand of the same arm an anchor. He is by trade a cooper. The eye of vigilance will pursue him, and justice will sooner or later overtake the guilty. 38 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. Copy of a letter written by John, brother of Gregory Mc- Dougle, to Wm. Latta of Iowa, in reference to the doings of the Regulators in Indiana : "Feb. 10th, 1858. "Dear Friend : — I suppose you must have heard what a time they have had in Indian??, — the capture of McDougle & Co. He has confessed a great deal ; he exposed all the persons he knew anything about; so do all the boys they have arrested. They have said you were at La Cross, but some said you were at the other place, and others said they had you at Ligonier, but that I knew was not so. You had better be on your guard ; they intend to have you, and B., and C, and T. there ; they think they have got the leaders of the gang, as they term it. I saw your address in P.'s letter, and I judged you might not have heard what was up with them. The Prairie men have left the country. I's brother is there, but it is dangerous business to write to any of them now. I wrote two letters to you last week at Ft. , but perhaps you did not get them. These fellows they have caught, tell who have stolen the horses about this country and where they are. Some have got their property and others are in pursuit. I think it would be much safer for you to get oif among strangers. B. had better get away also. There is a fuss with old Pap and that Doctor that sent you together. They accuse old H. of intrigue, &c., and say he was bribed to let W. and me out. They know where I. and W. are, and will bring them in soon. Truly yours. P. S. — Write when convenient. We are all well. BOGUS FACTORY. Sometime in the year 1857, a plan was entered into by several members of the band to establish a regular mint for the manufacture of bogus money, on a more extensive scale, and after the manner of a joint stock company, in which each was to bear a proportionate share of the expenses and reap a like share of the profits. After tlie arrest of several men who had become stockholders in the contemplated scheme, the fol- lowing confessions were made before the Committee, and by James McConnol reduced to writing, subscribed and sworn to. HISTORY OF THE PvEGULATORS. 39 AFFIDAVIT OF SIMEON WEBSTER. '•About tlie IStli day of June, 1857, John A. Taylor came to my house and said that he had a book that contained receipts which would enable any one to make gold and silver out of other metals, but the law forbid making any National coin out of said composition. He staid over night with me, and the next morning D. H. came to my house and said to me, ' who is that fellow ?' referring to Taylor; ' I don't like the looks of him.' I told him that he (Taylor) had a book containing receipts for making gold and silver, and as I had often had him for counsel I would take him this time, and wanted him to tell what was best to be done. He (H.) took the book and looked it over, and then said it was a good thing and it v/^ould be best to make the composition into coin. Taylor said he had been caught once and worked hard in the Penitentiary and would not do anything unlawful. He and I opposed making coin. They acted as if they had seen each other before. The night after this conversation Taylor went home with H. Then, four days after, H. and Taylor and I entered into partnership, and they spent a good portion of the time with me. Soon after this, Taylor started for Warsaw, but before he left he wi'ote a letter to be sent to Dr. Duvol, for crucibles, materials, &c. The letter was not sent. Taylor came back, took the letter and about 825 in good money and started for Toledo. In about two days he returned, bringing with him the crucibles, a watch and some change, perhaps $2. In two or three days after H. came to Taylor, in my presence, and recommended John Thomas as a good person to engage in the business. For about one week Taylor refused to have anything to do with Thomas, but afterward agreed to take him in because he could not get rid of H, For about one week H. and Thomas strongly solicited Taylor to take in A. N. and Meeker, at the end of which time H. hitched to his wagon and took us all to Springfield. There Meeker and N. were taken into the company, and it was agreed that we should all contribute equally to stock the business. Myself and Taylor were both opposed to making coin. H. and I think all the rest were in favor of it. Thomas took H.'s horses and was gone two days, and came back with the material. Meeker paid 85, which was to buy said materials. A furnace was then constructed for melting, and H. furnished the team to do the hauling; Taylor built the 40 HISTORY' OF THE REGULATORS. furnaoe. Taylor and Thomas tried to melt the composition, but failed. Harrison Blackman came to get some material for gal- vanizing, and I think wanted to get some counterfeit money at the same time. The two Smith boys, Theon and Frank, came also ; I believe they both came for counterfeit. Charles H. came also to get counterfeit money. John Thomas took the crucible and the remainder of the material saying he was going away to melt it. That that was spoiled in the first melting was throwa into the marsh near by. 11. Blackman came to me sometime in September last and asked me for counterfeit money ; I told him T had none; he said it was so understood that I was in the busi- ness; he then wanted to know of me who had any; 1 told him if any one had it probably he would find it at N.'s, for he had always had the name of being in the business; he afterwards told me that N. had promised to get him some, and in about a week after I saw him have about $30, and he said he had let Charles II. have about $40. Charles told me he had converted his into gold by exchanging with a man on the cars ; at the time he told me this he showed me some more money and told me it was counter- feit ; at another time he told me he got some counterfeit money of Meeker and passed it in AVilliams Co., Ohio. N., Meeker and Taylor, represented to me that the business of counterfeiting wa,'- good, and that if I got into a scrape the lawyers and Judges of the Courts would all unite in helping me out, and said, if the lawyers and judges were not iu the business theufselves they were all right on the question. H. told me that in case they succeeded in making coin he would go off and buy cattle and Thomas should butcher and otherwise dispose of them. H. told the rest of us that we must be very cautious or people would suspect us, but as for himself there would be no danger ; first, because be never worked much, and second, because he was a professor of religion and a preacher of the Gospel ; therefore they would not be likely to think there was anything wrong with him. 11. told me that he had got some money of Meeker at 25 cents on the dollar, and that Taylor had got some of the same money to put off at fifty cents on the dollar. Meeker told me that H. had got about $100 counterfeit paper of him at 25 cents on the dollar, and that he still owed bini for it, and he could never get anything of him, because he did not dare to sue him. II. told me that he and HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 41 Taylor let Gray have a $5 counterfeit or bad bill, and that Taylor was as much to blame in the matter as he was, but would not help him out of the difficulty. Simeon Webster." Subscril)ed and sworn to, before mc, on this 18th day of June, A. D. 1858, at Albion, Noble County, Indiana. James McConnel, Notary Fuhlic. The following is an afFidavit made by the above named D. H., and refers to the same subject. The only reason why the whole nnme is not given in this as in several other cases, which have and will appear in this work, is, that some of them have been di.><niissed for want of the competent testimony, and others are still pending in Court. And feeling no disposition to do or say anything that would in the least militate against the future reformation of any one who may have been charged or suspicioned of being in any way connected with these land pirates, Ave have therefore declined giving the full name. But it seems startling and strange indeed that a man professing the religion of that meek and lowly Jesus — the most sublime pa- tron of human conduct on wdiich a ray of light has ever fallen; the only heart in which anger and ill will never found a resting place ; the only bosom that ever heaved a sigh of unaffected pity; the only hand that ever was opened in acts of unosten- tatious benevolence, and the only eyes that never wept tears of deceit. I say it seems strange indeed that a person pro- fessing to co]iy the character of that holy man, and setting himself up as a teacher of those sacred principles taught in the life and character of the Son of Go<l, should so far con- descend from that high and honerable calling as to class him- self wdth a fiendish gang of midnight assassins, and enter into counsel with them against the peace and safety of his own neighbors and his own country. This, hoAvever, presents but one among the many striking illustrations of hypocrisy and deceit carried on under the garb of sanctity. 42 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. AFFIDAVIT. " Taylor came along about the first of July last at Webster's, in Noble County, Indiana; he told Webster, and Webster told me, that Taylor was a composer of metals; he said he could make metals out of brass, silver and coi^per, that would sell as well as gold in weight and appearance ; also one composed of platina, block tin, verdigris and copper, that would pass to jewelers at the price of gold, and it could be used for lawful and noble purposes, or for unlawful purposes ; also that fine gold made of platina, silver and copper, would pass for 24 carats fine gold. We bought block tin, verdigris, copper and brass, to try the experiment, which if it proved good we intended to manufacture into coin. The crucibles were bought by J. A. Taylor at Toledo, for the purpose of melting the metals and manufacturing coin of the United States. Thomas says they used it at Blaekman's, and tried it at J. Walk- er's, in Noble County, Indiana. J. A. Taylor says to me, ' this receipt will make such metals as above stated;' he says he has tried it at his uncle's in Peoria, 111. ; his uncle is a blacksmith ; his name is Humphrey ; Taylor got his knowledge for manufac- turing bogus of his uncle. The bogus manufacturing company was composed of A. N., J. A. Taylor, Meeker, J. Thomas, S. Webster and D. H. I got 8100 of Meeker on the Central Bank of Connecticut, and let J. A. Taylor have $90 of the same; the ten dollars I had left I passed as follows; one 85 bill to a Jew ped- dler in this county for goods and change, and the other $6 I passed to Mr. Gray for goods also ; I knew they were counterfeit at the time I passed them. Taylor says that Meeker will leave the money, and he will pass it and divide the spoils with me. Taylor told me he had passed the money and it went off well. Thomas told me that he passed one $5 counterfeit bill to D. K. Daniels of Kendallville, knowing it to be bad at the time. D. H." Subscribed and sworn to, before me, on this 3d day of Febru- ary, 1857. Alexander McClure, J. P. HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 43 AFFIDAVIT OF JOHN THOMAS. State of Indiana, Noble County, " Before me, James McConnel, a notary public in and for said county, personally appeared John Thomas, who being duly sworn, according to law, says, that on or about the 15th day of September, 1857, he was present at and saw one Joseph Crew, in said county of Noble, buy of one Hiram Meeker S25 or $30 in counterfeit money, purporting to be on the Central Bank of Middletown, Conn., of the denomination of $5's, and also a quantity of coun- terfeit SB's on a bank of Mass., for which said Crew paid said Meeker twenty-five cents per dollar. Crew said he could pass the money without any difficulty. And affiant further saith : Myself John A. Taylor, 11. Meeker, A. N., D. II. and Simeon Webster, entered into an engagement to make counterfeit coin, after the similitude of the gold coin of the United States, of the denomi- nations of $5's, $10's and 620"s, with intent to put the same into circiilation ; that in pursuance of said agreement, and funds being furnished by said parties, I went to Fort Wayne and bought block tin, brass, copper and zinc, for the purpose of manufacturing- said coin; said articles were at first secreted by II. and myself behind his stable. Soon after we went to Webster's to try the manufacturing process, but failed on the first attempt ; but H. and Taylor were to make another effort, as H. wanted some funds to buy stock with. A. N. was to have $100 of the money. We went over to Springfield once, and twice to H.'s school-house, to make the necessary arrangements for operating. John Thomas." Subscribed and sworn to, before me. on this 1st day of Feb- ruary, 1858. James McConnel, Notary Puhlic. STATEMENT OF JOHN A. TAYLOR. BEFORE THE COMMITTEE. " S. B. Middleton wanted me to buy some counterfeit money — Lowell $3's; I refused. H. Blaekman bought some. This said 44 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. Blackman sometimes passes under the name of Rollins. I saw D. H. have counterfeit money which he got of Meeker. Avery and Hawson, of Laporte county, deal in coney, and another man whose sister married Iligsby. Fred. Before, of South Bend, and Arch Buell, a blacksmith, deal in coney. I^Ieeker told me that he furnished Avery, and all the above named boys, with coney. Meeker sold me money for 25 cents on the dollar. D. H. told me he could go into counterfeiting and not be suspected, because he was known as a Christian, Taylor, Meeker, N., Rollins, D. H., J. Flinn, Margaret Lehr, Mrs. W. and boy, and J. Thomas, were all engaged in the plan concocted for the establishment of a bogus factory at Webster's. Taylor has once been in the Ponitentiary." CONFESSION OF SIMEON WEBSTER. BEFORE THE COMMITTEE. '• I came down with A. N. and brought one of the harness to Barney Weston; he took it back from Hank Core about five or six weeks ago. I went to Lake county, Ohio, to live. N. was to have a buggy of Core. I have seen N. have a large roll of coun- terfeit $3's— probably S300— on the Merchants' Bank of Lowell, Mass. I think N. wen to the barn with me to hide his money. He gave me to understand that he gave coney to Blackman ; I asked him where he got it; he said, ' up to Bill Hill's.' N. came to me after Blackman was arrested, and said he was afraid, and was going to keep shy for a spell. I have been at Malcomb Bur- nam's and seen them coloring coney. I heard John Hammon say that he was going to Burnam's to get hard money. It was my opinion that B was going to rob the tannery, but I afterward learned that it was done by Payne. It has been about nine months since I engaged in this business. Since then I have been knowing to the boys robbing, stealing, and passing coney. I went to Perry Randolph's with Bill Hill; he got coney there. Hill gave me ^200 in coney on the Market Bank — §100 of it was to pay what he owed me ; he also gave me $200 on the Canal Bank of Cleveland, and $50 on the Chippeway Bank, Wis.; I took the money up West and sold it. Bill Hill gave me a list of the names of the boys whom I was told were all right. I heard N. Bay he had bought a saddle of Core which he was afraid was HISTORY OF THE REGULATOKS. 45 Stolen. N. said lie had let Blackman have money and he was afraid he would blow. I will be willing to swear that Payne asked me how much leather Zimmerman had in his tannery, and that he said he was going to see what could be done ; he said also he was going to try to make a raise at Chappel's store, and also at Spenccrville, in Dekalb county, Ind. I afterward asked him what he had done with the goods ; he replied, 'they are all safe.' I told the boys they ought not to steal so close around home." CENTRAL ORGANIZATION. While the foregoing developments were of vast importance, and led to the arrest of some thirty or forty of the gang, the leaders remained as yet uncaiight. To them the demonstra- tion of the Regulators, on the day of the Old Settlers' Meeting at Kendnllville, was in no wise congenial; and hence, conclu- ding that " distance would lend enchantment to the view," and that " caution was the parent of safety," they immediately fled to parts unknown. Every honest citizen felt the importance of having these men, Avho had been the primary cause of all the evil in this country, arrested and brought to justice. And as it could not be expected that any of the organizations would assume the responsibility and engage in the work alone, it was thought best to constitute a Central Committee, for the purpose of making a concentrated effort in which all should bear an equal share of the expenses attendant upon making said arrests and feel an equal interest. Accordingly a call was issued for a meeting atKendallville, on the 19th day of March, 1858, at which each company was requested to be represented. At said meeting a permanent organization was eflVcted, with officers, consisting of a President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer. The Central Committee was empowered to assess a tax upon the subordinate companies at any time when deemed necessary to carry out the purposes for which the Cen- tral Committee was constituted, viz: to secure the ringleaders of the gang. 46 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. The following were the officers elected : President, Dr. L. Barber; Vice President, J. P. Grannis; Recording Secretary, M. H. Mott; Treasurer, Ransom Wheeler. As it was now thought expedient that some speedy and energetic effort should be made to secure the arrest of Wm. D. Hill, George T. Ulmer, Perry Randolph and others, who were considered the grand leaders of the whole gang in Northern Indiana, a detective committee was appointed at the first cen- tral meeting, to line up and ferrit out the whereabouts of these men, and employ such other assistance as they might see fit, in different sections of the country, to aid them in the accom- plishment of this woi'k. Accordingly a rev.ard of §400 was offered by the Regulators for the capture and return of one John Wilson to Noble County. Sometime in July, 1858, the veritable John Wilson, other- wise called the Flying Dutchman, was brought by Marshal Elliot, of Ohio, to Avilla, in Noble County, and presented to the Regulators for examination. Confessions in those days became fashionable among prisoners. They seemed to be strongly impressed with the idea that one of two things was their inevitable doom when caught by the Regulators, viz: a free and full confession, or an introduction to the rope. Frequently, persons who were simply brought before the com- mittee as witnesses, when there were no specific charges against them, would turn pale and tremble, so that it was with much difficulty that they could answer questions — so strong were their fears of being hung by the Regulators. John Wilson was, on the same evening, brought before the committee called the Allen Reconnoiterers, at Avilla, and, on being requested to make a full and entire confession of all his acts and deeds since his first acquaintance with the blacklegs in this country, after asking of them the favor not to use his own confessions as evidence against him in Court, and being assured that no advantages of that kind would be taken, he made no hesitancy in opening up a broadside upon the whole fraternity. It is, however, to be lam en ted that the whole con- fession was not taken down at the time. Naturally he pos- sesses some redeeming traits of character. As an illustration HISTORY OF THE REGULATOKS. 47 of this, on being asked his true name he peremptorily refused to give it, alleging as a reason that his parents were still living and were respectable and honorable people, and he did not wish to injure them, either in feelings or character, by bringing to their knowledge the disgraceful acts of an undutiful son. Said Wilson is about six feet high, light complexion, sandy hair, bald on the front of his head, talks some broken, intellectual faculties prominent, and for a thief manifested the most scru- pulous tenacity for truth of any man ever arrested by the Regulators. His statements are strongly corroborated by those of Payne and others, which led conclusively to the belief that the majority of them were true. Payne often stated that he was celebrated, even among blacklegs, as a man of truth, par- ticularly in narrating his exploits. And for shrewdness and sagacity in stealing and robbing he is said to have been seldom if ever equaled. In making his confession, he was allowed to tell his own story in his own way. His history prior to his initiation into the gang in this country is left in obscurity, and we can only conjecture what it may have been from what we already know. All things being in readiness, he was placed at a table in the center of the room, and commenced his discourse about 9 o'clock in the evening and talked almost incessantly until about 3 o'clock in the mornino;. CONFESSION OF JOHN WILSON, ALIAS SPENCER, OR THE FLYING DUTCHMAN. "My first acquaintance with any of the company in tliis coun- try was formed at Defiance with a man by the name of Wm. Hunt; he is about six feet high and quick spoken ; we both were out of money. Hunt took me up the canal for a walk, and there told me of an old Frenchmen who lived in Paulding county, Ohio, that had ^700 in money, and said he had been at his house at one time and gave him a bill to change in order to see his pile, and solicited me to lay some plan to get the old man's money. We then came from Defiance north to Georgetown ; after tarrying there a few days he (Hunt) said he would take me up north and introduce me to some of his friends; we traveled all that night 48 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. and came to ]-*atten',s; here Core informed me that he had stolen Ilolsinger's mare. Hunt told me that Sol. Stout was all right and could be trusted. We then came to Jim Shearer's. I saw Shearer have a quantity of counterfeit money which he said he got of Bill Hill. Hunt, a boy by the name of Hill, and myself, started south, traveled nearly all night, and stopped at Sower's, five miles north of Wayne ; Hunt got a drink of liquor and said to Sower's, 'these boys are all right;' S. got $10 or $15 vspurious money of Hunt. We then started towards Fort Wayne, stole a few chickens on the way and roasted them in the woods for our breakfasts. After leaving Fort Wayne we went to Leo, in Dekalb county; saw a man there they call Dr. Chamberlain, gave him $5 in coney; and then traveled on to Newville, and from thence into Paulding county, Ohio, for the purpose of robbing the old French- man. After we got most there Hunt backed out, and said he could not go with us ; I told him I did not like to come so far for nothing ; so my young comrade Hill and myself, wandered around in the dark until we found what from description we supposed to be the place ; then we had to contrive some way to get the old folks out of the house ; Hill suggested that we set the barn on fire ; I objected ; then said he we will contrive to get the old man out and knock him down; but I told him if I could not get his money without killing the old man, or burning his buildings, I would not have it ; we then concluded to set fire to a quantity of cooper stufi" that lay piled up beside the road, as we came down toward the house ; accordingly I placed Hill near the door of the house, where he would not be seen, then proceeded to the cooper stufi" myself and set it on fire; I then came whistling down the road, stopped at the house and told the folks that I was a stranger traveling through the country, and seeing some cooper stufi" on fire just up the road I thought it would be an act of kindness to inform them of it; they thanked me very kindly and at once started all hands to put out the fire ; they had no more than fairly got out of sight when we both entered the house and commenced our search; the bureau, chests, trunks and cupboard, were all diligently searched, but to no purpose ; the efi'ort proved an entire failure; we passed out the back door just as the old lady came through the gate returning to the house; this was in the spring of 1857. I then pulled (stole) a nag three or four miles from Norristown, from a preacher by the name of Walker, traded her off" in Allen county, Ohio, five miles west of Lima, on the HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 411 road to Clyde, for a sorrel colt four years old, and traded the coft to a man by the name of Bebee, a tavern keeper, for 80 acres of land. Prior to this, however. Hunt gave me an introduction to Lluifman, of Steuben county, Indiana, and a man by the name ®f Romans. This Romans wanted me to break into a store belong- ing to a man by the name of Barron, at Mett's Corners ; said he had some money and a quantity of jewelry in a safe, and as he was going away soon there would be a good site to make a pull. This, however, I did not undertake, lluifman then told me of a boot and shoe store, owned by a man by the name of Seargeant, where he thought there would be a good chance to make a raise ; [ broke in, stole ten pair of fine and two pair of coai-se boots, and left them with said Huflfman to sell on commission. Huffman is now in the Penitentiary. At the same time, this Huffman gave me written instructions how to rob his father-in-law, E. Bebee, of Morrow county, Ohio; told me he was a church member, and I could rob him while the family were gone to church. My calcu- lation was to rob him on Sunday ; accordingly I went to the place and watched around, but the first Sunday they did not go ; I loi- tered around in the neighborhood and in the woods all that week, and the next Sunday the family all left; I then crept into the house, (which, by the way, was very strongly fastened and led uic to believe I should be successful;) I then opened the bureau drawers, the chest, trunks, boxes, &c., but found nothing except a bag of something like coin, which I had not yet investigated; 1 then proceeded to cut open the cheeses, and even tore the old clock weights in pieces, but all to no purpose, and as time was drawing near for the family to return from church, I thought it would be safer for me to leave the premises; after leaving, I pro- ceeded to investigate the contents of the bag, which on opening 1 found to contain about 430 coppers ; beside this 1 found sonn; small change. Huffman also wanted me to steal the old man's mare, but I would not do it. Charles Hiler was my jiartner at that time; I showed him the bag of money I had got from Bebee, and asked him if he would take that for his share ; ' yes,' said he, grasping it at the same time, 'and glad of the chance, if you are willing;' 'well,' said I, 'you may have it and welcome;' he took it and started away, seeming much rejoiced, not knowing what was in it. I then returned and told Huffman of my defeat. Went then to Washington, Fayette county, Ohio ; pulled a large chestnut sorrel horse from a man by the name or Cheney or 4 ■60 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. ;Traey ; took also a saddle ; came to Fort Wayne and sold tlie liorgc to Bill Vanalstine, keeper of a livery stable, for a gold watcJj valued at $75 and $55 in money; I was told afterwards that h*" was one of the boys ; Bill Hill was there at the time I made the trade, I then started to come north again; Hill overtook me ; he asked me to get into the buggy and ride with him ; I did so; he asked me if that horse I sold Vanalstine was pulled; I said no; said he, ' you can't fool me;' he then told me if I would fetch hini gome stock he would buy it of me. I then went to Morrow county. Ohio; took a bay horse near Bebee's and started for the State of Virginia ; took another on the road in Piqua county, from Caleb Moore; traveled on to Virginia; was pursued by Moore and son. overtaken and arrested after I had got into Virginia; I gave my- self up freely; they ironed me, put me on a horse, and we started back; I bore all with patience and endeavored to make myself a.'- companionable tx) the old gentleman as I could ; the next day I complained some to the old man that the handcuffs hurt my wristf and finally succeeded in coaxing him to take them off; I then gave my gold watch to the son and told him to keep it until I called for it; I had also in the mean time lent the old man $40 in money; so that by this time I had so far succeeded in gaining the old man's confidence and friendship that I concluded I could venture to suggest a compromise ; so after we had put up for the night I sat conversing privately with the old gentleman and stated to him that he would not find me here in the morning; to n)y surprise his only reply was, ' well, if you leave you must not di.'^ turb the horses;' said I, never you fear that, -old man; in thi^ morning, about 3 o'clock, I left. I then came to Harding county. Ohio, took a grey mare from a man by the name of Wheeler, n tavern keeper, six miles east of Canton ; took her to Aker's, eight miles^ from Coldwater, Michigan. After that, by the advice and aid of John Gooricb, Jim Shearer and others, I took a span ot horses from E. Spencer in Noble county, (said Spencer was pit- gent at the examination,) which were sold near Cincinnati. Then I went to Champaign county, Ohio, took a span of bay horsei?. run them them off to New York State, and sold them to Read in Chemung county. Then came to Sidney, Ohio; had some coun terfeit money with me. McDougle told me I should fetch somf horses back with me, and then he would go with me to Ohio and pull a lot of jewelry. I came to Palestine, bought a pair of boot> and gave the man a S5 counterfeit bill, and in the afteruooa ( HISTORY OP IHE REGULATOES. Si passed another — all Wisconsin money. Saw some horses come into town that I fancied; Sunday I took a walk into the country and found where they were kept; on Monday hunted up a saddle, pulled it and hid it; next Sunday night walked to where the horses were ; found them in the barn ; dog made some fuss ; toofe two horses, went and got my saddle, rode thirty-five miles j too'i another saddle of a doctor ; came to Fort Wayne, then to Jim Shearer's in this place ; asked what was said about Spencer's horses ; Shearer said, ' not a d d word ;' I went then to But nam's ; staid all night. From thence McDougle and I went to Bill Hairs in a wagon ; stopped on the way at Perry Randolpirs, went from Hall's to Saginaw, but could not sell there ; startoi3 from thence to Detroit ; traveled seventy miles in one day ; and from there we went to Canadaville, Chatauque county, N. Y. ; McDougle had to keep secreted there for fear of being arrested ; but as we could not sell there, the horses were left to be takeu care of. I then came to Maumee City, Ohio ; took a gray mare that was a fast trotter. Soon after that I was taken and brought to the place where I am now. If I had not been betrayed you never would have caught me." GEORGE T. ULMER AND PERRY RANDOLPIL G. T. Ulmer emigrated to this country from Portage count^^ Ohio, in the year 1835, and became one of the pioneers of Noble county. He settled on a farm near where the village of Kendallville now stands, and his house for many years became the home and refuge of the vile. Shrewd, cunning and bold, no qualifications were wanting to constitute him one of the most successful accomplices in all villainy. His most intimate companions and associates among the blackleg pioneers were, Ike Rice, Wra. Latta, Wm. D. Hill, and Ed. Metlock. Ulmeir, after having remained in this country about eight yeiars, ro- turned to Ohio, joined himself to the Methodist Church, and, as we learn fi-om reliable information, was a licensed exhorter in said church for several years. Afterward, he again emigrated to this State and settled in Lagrange county, where, at tlie opening of the Regulator movement, we find him comfortably 52 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. situated in the capacity of a farmer, secretly carrying on an extensive blackleging business, as usual through the assistance of a large number of his allies. Immediately after the ex- citement broke out, and as soon as it became manifest that a speedy flight presented the only hope of safety, Ulmer, Hill and Randolph, who were at that time the ringleaders of the whole gang in this country, fled for refuge to parts unknown. Perry Randolph emigrated with his father to Bath, Medina county, Ohio, about the year 1832, and although his father is reputed to have been a man of honest and industrious habits, his son Perry gave early indications of his inclinations to and genius in crime. The time of his emigration to Indiana is not precisely known. The reader will readily perceive, from the foregoing confes- sions, that the house of Perry Randolph was a rendezvous and trading point in all the commodities of criminal commerce, for tlie whole fraternity of felons and counterfeiters, east, west, north and south. It now became absolutely necessary, in order to the final success of the Regulators and the full accomplish- ment of the work they had undertaken, and the triumph of honesty over villainy, that these men should be speedily fer- reted out and brought to justice. Every eff'ort of the detective committee, appointed by the Regulators to make the arrest of these men, had hitherto failed. In the early part of the month of June, 1858, C. P. Bradley, of Chicago, 111., was employed by the Regulators to arrest and deliver to the Sherifi* of La- grange county, George T. Ulmer and Perry Randolph, at |500 each. Agreeably to contract, Mr. Bradley, about the 10th of June, proceeded to Louisville, Ky., to commence the search. After watching for several days the ferry boat, and examining the hotel registers, and after having obtained several names regis- tered in a suspicious manner, he became convinced that the parties were east and north of Louisville. From thence he proceeded to Cincinnati, about the 15th of June. Here he searched the register of the Kentucky Hotel and found names and handwriting that satisfied him that Randolph had been there about one week before, and that he had been to Walnut HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 53 Hill, near Cincinnati, to visit Ed. Nevers, a notorious counter- feiter and copper and steel plate printer, who for years has baffled the police of the city, until recently a descent was made upon his premises, (through information given by some parties arrested at the depot of the Ohio and Mississippi Rail- road, in Cincinnati, with a large quantity of counterfeit money in their possession,) and all the evidences indicative of his business obtained, including plates, presses, counterfeit money, bank note paper, ink, &c. Leaving this place he proceeded up the Ohio to Wheeling, Va. ; but obtaining no traces there, he went immediately to Pittsburgh, put up at a hotel, registered a fictitious name, watched all the stages that left Alleghany and Pittsburgh for the interior of Pennsylvania within one week ; but in the latter part of the week, just as the Butler county stage was leaving the Red Lion Hotel in Pittsburgh, Perry Randolph was seen to enter the coach. With Mr. Brad- ley, the time for making the arrest had not yet come, so Ran- dolph was permitted to pass on unmolested, for he well knew that to arrest him at this point would endanger the chances for finding Ulmer. So it was determined to follow up the stage and trace Perry to his destination. Accordingly a trusty man, unknown to Randolph, was procured and mounted on a fast horse, and started by a different route to intersect the stage road at a point some ten miles distant from Pittsburgh, with instructions to enter the stage and pay fare through to a point beyond, or as far as that stage company ran, and to watch the point where Randolph should leave, and to leave the stage himself at the first stopping place beyond where Randolph stopped, and return in the night and reconnoiter the place and see if Randolph could be discovered. The spy followed up instructions to the letter and discovered that Randolph stopped at the old Stone House in Butler, and that he was frequently seen with an old man who was partially gray, but that no person bearing the description of Ulmer could be seen. These facts were communicated to Bradley. It was then determined to place a strict watch upon the avenues leading in and out of Butler and Brownington. This was accordingly done, and a man stationed at a point twelve miles distant on the Pittsburgh 54 eiBTORY OF THE REGULATORS. road, with a good horse to post through to Pittshurgh as soon as Ulmer and Randolph should be seen together. On the 7th of July the carrier arrived in Pittsburgh with information that uie old man who had been seen with Randolph, (White, the engraver for counterfeiting,) had left the day before, and that Ulmer and Randolph had gone up towards Warren, in Trum- bull county, Ohio, and that one of the men who had been sk'ppointed to watch the Stone House was following them up, and would leave signals along the road indicating the route taken by them. These signals were made by stones placed at the corner of the cross roads, as agreed upon, indicating the route. On the morning of the 7th of July, accompanied by a gen- tleman by the name of Robert Hague, chief of the police of Pittsburgh, and Andy Moon, one of the chief's aids, they pro- ceeded with a double team over the hills and dusty roads of that country, and traveled a distance of forty-eight miles that da}^ Next morning, the 8th, they started before daybreak and found that the signals were leading them on the road to West Greenville, Mercer county, Penn.; traveled all day over the roughest roads imaginable, through clouds of dust and under the burning rays of a July sun, and arrived within six miles of West Greenville about 8 o'clock at night. Here one of their horses failed, and Mr. Moon was sent on to West Greenville by stage, at which place he learned that Ulmer and Randolph had left at 3 o'clock P. M., that afternoon, on the road for Warren, Ohio. Procuring a man with a buggy, he returned to inform Mr. Bradley of the facts. After trying in vain to procure a fresh team, Mr. Moon was sent back to AVest Greenville to get a team and return and meet them, in order that they might follow on that night. Mr. Moon not being able to procure a team, Mr. Bradley and his comrade were compelled to take it on foot. They arrived at West Greenville about 11 o'clock in the night. Here they put up until morn- ing. Early on the morning of the 9th they started for Warren, Trumbull county, Ohio. Having got a description of the horse and buggy in which Ulmer and Randolph had left, they had but little difficulty in following them up. About fifteen miles HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 55 from West Granville they stopped at a tavern to Avater the team, and from the carriage they were in — it being a covered one — Ulnier was seen standing upon the steps of the hotel. Mr. Bradley not being recognized by him, concluded to pass on to the next farm house and ascertain if the horse and buggy had gone towards Warren, (it not being in view at the place where Ulraer was seen.) They had not gone far before they were informed that Randolph had passed about two and a half hours before in the buggy alone. Without molesting Ulmer, they proceeded to Warren on the track of Randolph, but after arriving in Warren they learned he had taken the road toward Akron, and was still from two to three hours ahead. Here again they procured a fresh team, and taking the Akron road followed at the rate of ten miles an hour and overtook Mr. Randolph fifteen miles west of Warren, at a small tavern three miles west of Newton Falls, quietly vraiting to rest and feed his horse. On the arrival of Mr. Bradley and company, Randolph, who was on the lookout for breakers, walked out the back door of the tavern and went down toward the timber, but finding that no one was watching, (that he could perceive,) he in a short time returned to the house, when he was arrested and searched. Upon his person was found about $2 in good money, and one five dollar bill counterfeit on the Northern Bank of Kentucky. He was immediately handcuffed and placed in the carriage. (Jpon searching his carpet bag there was found two counterfeit plates, one for printing ten dollar bills on the Wayne County- Bank at VVooster of the State Bank of Ohio, and the other for printing the red back of the same. They then returned to Warren, and leaving Randolph with Mr. Moon, Mr. Bradley and Mr. Hague returned to the rendezvous of George T. Ulraer, and arrived at Johnson's Tavern, in Hartford Center, at 9 o'clock P. M,, just in time to prevent G. T. Ulmcr, alias Colonel Foster, (a name he assumed,) from going to bed, and in less than five minutes he was on his way to join his late comrade, Mr. Randolph. They arrived at Warren about 12 o'clock at night, and put Mr. Ulmer and Mr Randolph ia the same bed to slumber for the night. They had then boon S6 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. constantly on thp move for about sixty-four hours in search of these men, so we may reasonably conclude by this time they had some inclinations to rest. On the morning of the 10th of July they started from War- ren, and arrived in Kendallville on the 11th, from which place they were furnished with a team and conveyed to Lagrange, ;ind there delivered into the custody of Sheriff Cummings* The counterfeiting plates taken from Randolph's carpet bag were taken to Warren, Trumbull county, Ohio, in which county they were found, and deposited with the Mayor of that city; and on the 26th day of October, 1858, at the first term of the Court in that county after the arrests, Randolph and Ulmer were indicted for having them in their possession, and a requi- sition procured from the Governor of Ohio on the Governor of Indi-ana, for their removal there for trial, provided they should escape justice in Indiana. They made no resistance when arrested, but readily consented to return to Lagrange county, provided they could be assured of a safe delivery to the Sheriff, and not to the Regulators, for whom they had great dread. They both exhibited much fear at South Milford, when a num- ber of the Regulators had assembled there to look at them on their way to Lagrange. Ulmer passed under the name of Col. Foster and had that name engraved on the cover of his spec- tacle case. Randolph went under the name of J. E. Eddie. The following is a copy of a letter found in his possession, atldressed to him under the assumed name, which will show the nature of his correspondence: "Cincinnati, July 1, 1858. " Mr. J. E. Eddie: Dear Sir. — Ann received your note yesterday stating your whereabouts, so I will answer it, hoping you will receive it im- mediately, as I have some important business with you. Mr. L. Dean wishes you to write to him, and direct to the Kentucky Hotel, concerning some business that you are acquainted with. Times arc dull. If you have any merchandize on hand that is new please forward some by express. If not new, please send to Dean and myself one thousand Ohio Sawbucks, as we are going ti» start for Wisconsin as soon as we can get a lot of goods. You HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 0/ can send them by express to me, No. 20, as you know. I passed through Iowa City the day after you left, and was sorry I did not meet you, for then I would have staid East for a while. Send the prices along with the articles, and put them as low as possible? and we will send the money to you. Please answer immediately on receipt of this, and much oblige, "Your friend, R. W." "P. S. — Simpson has enlisted for five years, much against the consent of his friends. The old man is still sick, with little pros- pects of getting well. The Stutterer is engaged in Lawrenceburg ; got a situation the next day after he left here." Note.— The Ohio Sawbucks are the $20 bills with the XX's. The merchandise undoubtedly refers to counterfeit money, of which Ptandolph was one of the chief venders. "Walnut Hills, June 24, 1858. ^'■Dcar Sir: — I received yours yesterday, requesting me to for- ward you a deed and papers, which I will do cheerfully. I shall mail them to-day. We are all about as usual here, doing the best we can. N. will come before the Judge the 25th, (to-morrow.) The attorneys say he cannot be held, and I think so too, without some underground business comes up unknown to us. '• Piespectfully. &c., " Write often." "T. C. M." Perry Randolph was indicted at the fall term of the La- grange Circuit Court on a charge of receiving and secreting a part of the gloves stolen from McKinley of Ontario. At said term of Court he filed an affidavit for a change of venue, which was granted, and the case referi-ed for trial to the ensuing term of the Dekalb Court, where he was tried and sentenced to the Penitentiary for a term of two years. At the expiration of which time other charges will be forthcoming sufficient to retain him there until he shall have received a full recompense for all his labors. George T. Ulmer was indicted at the same term of the La- grange Court on a charge of having secreted stolen property, filed his affidavit for a change of venue, and Avas also sent to 58 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. Dekalb for trial. Upon trial he was found guilty and sentenced to the Penitentiary for a term of five years. His attorneys filed a motion for an arrest of judgment for some defect in the indictment, -which Avas sustained by the Court, and he was held to bail in the sum of $2,000 for his appearance at the next term of the Lagrange Circuit Court. Having obtained security on the bonds he was thereupon released, but in about five minutes he was again arrested by Sheriff Cummings on another charge and returned to the Lagrange County Jail, to await the decision of the Spring term of that Court. At the Spring term of said Court he was tried again on the first charge, found guilty and sentenced for seven years, and again obtained a new trial. He then consented to go to trial on the charges in the second indictment, which was accordingly KO done, and he was found guilty and again sentenced to the Penitentiary for seven years, where he is now suffering the just penalty of his crimes. It is evident that every stratagem in the power or ingenuity of man to invent has been resorted to, in order to rescue these men from the just claims of the law. And nothing but the vigilant eye and the indomitable perseverance of tliose who had enlisted to conquer this infernal gang or die, could have over brought them to the bar of justice. WM, D. HILL, As we have heretofore stated, was one of the pioneer black- legs of Noble county, and has always been recognized as one of the ringleaders and the chief counsellor in every act of vil- lainy. Hill, Ulmer and Latta were very intimate companions, and operated extensively together in this country at an early day. Some time in the month of January, or February, 1857, lie came very near loosing his life by an affray that took place between him and one Fisher. A warrant had been issued to search Hill's house to ascertain whether the goods stolen from Mr. Wright, at Fairfield Center, Avcre in his possession. When Fisher approached the house he met with resistance from Hill, whereupon some words passed between them, and Hill 'flew in HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 59 a passion and called for his pistol. At this, Fisher, who was \vell armed for the occasion, drew a revolver from his pocket and shot Hill in the thigh just below the body, the ball passing round the bone and lodging on the inner part of the thigh. Immediately after the Regulating excitement broke out, Hill, presuming that absence Avould be his only safety, was soon missing. Some time during the summer of 1858, the Regulators entered into a contract with the celebrated C. P. Bradley and 0. E. Smith, of Chicago, 111., two of the most active and zealous police officers in the Western States, to make the arrest of \Vm. D. Hill. Accordingly they commenced the search, and after having traveled some three or four thousand miles, and spent a large amount of money, they succeeded in capturing him near the Missouri and Iowa line. At the time of his arrest he was living on a farm, and had about him a large amount of stock, and seemed to be in a situation to enjoy life. Much skill and ingenuity was manifested in making the arrest. Hill had often said he would never be taken alive, but Bradley and Smith manifested such indifference in his presence as to cause him to dispel all fears of being taken, and he consequently was captured with but little difficulty, except he fought severely for about fifteen minutes. He was in due time brought to Chi- cago, 111., and from thence to Noble county, Ind., and delivered to Sheriff Simons, where he remained in custody until March 5th, 1859. His fears of the Regulators were overwhelming- He expected, if brought to Noble county, to share the fate of McDougle without fail. On the morning of the Gth of March, our citizens were startled with the sad intelligence of the elopement of Hill and Wilson from the Noble County Jail. How or by what means they made their escape is not entirely known. The following, however, are some of the particulars connected with the escape : " The manner of the escape of Hill and Wilson from tlic Noble County Jail was efiected very ingeniously, considering the kind and small variety of tools at their command. They by some means had got hold of a piece of iron which had apparently been €fQ HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. used for a common door latch, and having bent this into the shape of the letter S they had fastened it into a piece of wood in such a manner that it could command all the strength of the iron with the wood for a lever — the wood enabling them to reach one of the locks which would otherwise have been entirely inacces- sible. Added to this, it appears, by a wire fastened to the end of a small stick of wood, it enabled them to hold the lock in a posi- tion to operate with the said latch, and then by the aid of a very small piece of broken looking glass they were enabled to see the lock. These tools were left behind. If they used any others they were carried away, except two rather dangerous looking clubs which were also left. They chose a night in which there was to be an exhibition in town, and the citizens were all assembled at the Church, and the night being very dark it presented one of the most fitful opportunities they could have selected in which to make their escape. There being some snow on the ground, they were tracked for some considerable distance, the tracks showing that they ran in their stocking feet. They threw a quilt out of the diamond hole, to prevent a noise by the ftilling of the lock. In fine, the whole proceeding was characterized by great shrewd- ness and cunning." The escape of these men was the most lamentable circum- stance that transpired during the whole Regulator movement. They are to be feared in any community wherever they may locate, for no crime is too horrible to satiate their fiendish ambition. The following article, Avhich we copy from the Chicago Press and Tribune, shows the notoriety of Hill, Ulmer and Randolph, as ringleading blacklegs: THE INDIANA COUNTERFEITERS. THE "LAST OF THE MOHICANs'' DELIVERED TO THE REGULATORS. The readers of the Journals of the country at large, and par- ticularly those of the West and Northwest, will remember the sensation that was created when an outraged and indignant com- munity banded together in an association which was at once a terror to the daring violators of the law, and under the name of HISTORY OP THE REGULATORS. • 61 the " Indiana Regulators," routed and put to flight the lurking hands of counterfeiters which had infested Noble, Lagrange and other counties in Northern Indiana. Their proceedings were prompt — these Regulators. They burst upon their men like lightning from a summer cloud. McDougle and others were hung many were brought to justice at the hands of the Courts, while others who could do so fled. It has been in search of some of these latter that the best detective skill of the West has been at work since that time. Cyrus P. Bradley, of this city, has been in the service of the Regulators, to bring to justice some of the most noted of these men, especially three of them, who were more sought after than any others. " Bill Hill" is a middle-aged, thorough-paced scoundrel, long known to the police of this region, and in this city, where years ago, as our older residents will remember, he figured in the forged $100 Illinois Canal Scrip with Otis Allen, Trowbridge and others. He was living, at the opening of the Regulator era, not far from the Michigan line, a neighbor and chum of the noted Latta, and was widely known to trade in that description of merchandize known as a sure source of the " hard stufi"," — in fact, a regular manufacturer and vender of bogus coin. Perry Randolph and George Ulmer were not less deeply impli- cated in the paper trade, and in the barn of the latter, in a bin of chaif, was found, after he had taken to a timely flight, a first class press, used in bank-note printing. There was a desire among our Indiana friends, amounting in- deed to a passion, to gain back to their borders these three men. Ofiicer Bradley has worked for months at the afi"air, and on July 9th, arrested at Warren, Ohio, the two men, Randolph and Ulmer, delivering them, two days later, safely into the hands of the Sheriff of Lagrange county, Indiana. Their arrest was kept as private as possible, to prevent its having a bearing upon Hill's case, after whom the quest was dilligently kept up. "Bill Hill" was arrested a few days since in Upper Missouri, by officers Bradley and Charles E. Smith of this city, and brought hither, being yesterday sent forward to Indiana, Mr. Bradley has traveled over four thousand miles in search of this Hill, and found him in a sequestered haunt, where after a stout and dangerous tussel. Hill, who had vowed to die rather than be taken, was captured and ironed. In his pockets were 02 . HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. found slips cut from newspapers, briefly announcing the arrest of Ulmer and Randolpli, to whicli little publicity had been given — a circumstance that establishes the fact how sharply rogues af. large read the newspapers. Hill was armed, and though past middle life is a desperate and dangerous fellow to deal with. He has a wife and child in Iowa, but his former mistress in Indiana was sharing his Missouri retreat. These three arrests, though not exactly the last of the counter feiters that infested our neighboring State, are nevertheless to bt' characterized as the capture of the last of the more noted of tho gang, or rather combinations of gangs. Mr. Cummings, the Sheriff of Lagrange county, and Mr. Flemraiing, the Sheriff of Allen county, for their untiring zeal in aiding to ferret out and arrest all who belonged to the in- fernal gang, are deserving of the entire confidence and patro- nage of all good and honest citizens throughout this and adjoining States. And we have no hesitancy in recommending them to any and all who may have business to entrust to their care, Charles Seeley, of Goshen, United States Deputy Marshal. also deserves the credit of all good citizens, for the very effi- cient manner in whicli he discharged his duties as an officer. These men will long be remembered with grateful acknowl- edgements by the people of Noble and adjacent counties, for their activity in the cause of rescuing the land from a banditti of thieves. Daniel W. Vorhees, Prosecuting Attorney of the United States District Court for the District of Indiana, for the prompt and energetic manner in which he conducted the prosecutions in that Court, has proved himself a man of fine legal abilities, and very honorably vindicated the rights of the people of the North, as also the responsibilities of the high position he occu- pies in one of the Federal Courts of the United States. We have now ended the history of the Regulators in North- ern Indiana. Many of the confessions, which are vague and indefinite, and which contain matters of little or no interest to the public, have been left out. In giving a history or sketch HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 63 of the blacklegs of this country and their depredations, from its early settlement, we have endeavored to be confined strictly to matters of fact, knowing that a large majority of such af< will peruse the pages of this work are those whose minds are only satisfied by the presentation of truth v,itliout coloring. We have delineated only such crimes as have either come under our own observation or been committed to us from testimony of unquestionable veracity, and, after all the startling revela- tions contained in the foregoing confessions, it is a truth beyond all doubt that the half has never been told. Unquestionably, there are crimes of the deepest dye, and of the most aggra- vated character, that still lie concealed in the hearts of many of these miscreants, and will so remain until portrayed before them in vivid characters of everlasting condemnation in that day that shall reveal the secrets of all hearts. But the influence of these men in community, and the subtlety with which they have deco^'cd so many of the young, whom we now find either dragging out a life of misery and wretchedness in the Peni- tentiary, or standing upon the verge of ruin, is a subject that should not be slightly passed over. There are responsibilitieK connected with the training of sons and daughters to enter upon the drama of life which infinitely transcend all otherf-. Here is implanted in the juvenile mind by the parental govern- ment the germ of all government and all society. It has been 'quaintly said that " Society is in every case precisely what wc have made it." And hence, if we would have good society, good governments and loyal subjects, we should look to the influences that are surrounding the young. And when the arm of the law signally fails to rescue them from the power of these vampires, by tacitly indulging them to roam unmolested, deva.s- tating every principle of morality inculcated by the parental teaching, there is a law prominently inscribed upon the title page of every man's declaration of rights, an inherent law, a law of his nature, which under such circumstances it becomes his imperitive duty to obey for the safety and welfare of him- self and family. To this as a last resort, as the only remedy — as the life-boat to save society from the dashing waves of the wtiirlpool of infamy and shame — Northern Indiana has* 64 HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. been compelled to have recourse for the past year. That time to many will long be remembered. For while the honest and industrious citizens of the country have been earnestly strug- gling, many times under the most perilous circumstances, to rid the community of a banditti of robbers, many companions, fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, have drank deep from the cup of sorrow. One scene, which transpired in the jail at , is but a fair illustration of such as have been of common occurrence during the past year. A young man of no mean birth, possessed of a bright and promising intellect, and who but about three years before had stood side by side with a fair and amiable young lady at the hymenial altar and pledged his fidelity to her in the most solemn manner, had suffered himself to be led into crime, and was arrested and thrust into the prison on charge of having passed counterfeit money. His wife, as lovely a woman to all appearance as ever was wed to man, came tremblingly to the jail with a babe of about eighteen months in her arms, and with eyes bedewed with the tears of sorrow, and with a coun- tenance that betokened a sad and almost broken heart, she modestly asked the jailor if she could see her husband. " Cer- tainly," said the jailor. Whereupon the man was called to the inner door and allowed to pass out into the entry, where he was still separated from his wife and child by a large cross- barred iron door. Through the open squares between these iron bars for some time a conversation Avas carried on between the two companions until at last they were admonished by the jailor that they could be allowed to talk no longer. What a scene then met the gaze ! First that child, which was an only child and the one in whom was centered all the fond hopes and affections of that once happy pair, was raised by request of the father and his little face kindly placed by the hands of the mother to the open squares of the iron grates, for his father to imprint upon his little cheek a loving kiss. But no fond embraces, such as are common to companions enjoying the blessedness of freedom, could there be taken. Yet, as a last resort, just before parting, the husband placed his face gently at the opening of the iron grates, and that love which invariably HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. G5 burns most fervent in the hour of sternest trial in the heart of a loving wife was manifested, by impressing upon the lips of her husband through that cold iron grate a farewell kiss. Every one in the company involuntarily burst into tears. Such a kiss Ave had never heard or seen before. All affectation, all coquetry, and all the frivolities of youthful love, were lost to sight at once. Here was manifested pure affection and love that casteth out fear. Such scenes, however heart-rending they may be, are but the natural results of of a just execution of the law in any land, and are by no means peculiar alone to the operations of Regulators. \Vm. D. Hill, a man whose name is known almost through- out the United States, and whose name stands prominent in almost every act of villainy committed in Northern Indiana, has doubtless been the cause of ruining more young men than any other man connected with the gang. Nearly every one whose confessions are here given have attributed their early training in villainy to that notorious scoundrel, and if there is no earthly tribunal before which he can be arraigned where justice may be meeted out to such an one, doubtless that Eye from whose presence no crime hath e'er been hid will yet pur- sue the wretch and send him, like Judas, to his own place. Thus, after having passed through a revolutionary contest and struggling for the space of one year in mortal combat to restore our county to an equal dignity with those around us ; after having expended about fifteen thousand dollars in time and money, independent of any assistance rendered by the State, for the capture of the vampires who have by their corrupting influence laid waste the character and hopes of imndreds of the youth of our land, and trampled them like autumn with- ered leaves beneath their feet, then gazed with a contemptuous smile upon the wreck they had made, — we have the gratification of announcing to the world that, although we are in no wise sanguine of having eradicated the last blackleg from tiic fair face of Northern Indiana — while an opposing power lias been atAvork, deep shrouded under the garb of honesty, with an in- domitable perseverance to thwart every plan of the Regulators 5 66 mSTOBY OF THE REGULATORS. — and while we may have, in some instances, rendered our- selves chargeable in the eyes of a few, — yet we must think that every honest citizen who has felt the curse of such a state of society, and who speaks the sentiments of a heart imbued with the spirit of fraternal dignity and parental authority, will acquiesce in saying, that the blackleg gang has received a shock, and society an impetus, that will reflect honor upon the rising hopes of Northern Indiana. HISTORY OF THE REGULATORS. 67 LIST OF COMPANIES. The following is a list of all the Companies of Regulators in Northern Indiana. The number of members in each we are not able to give. The whole number, however, amounted to about two thousand — all minute men and ready for service at a minute's warning. Other companies were formed in adjoin- ing States and in some instances afforded us much assistance. NAMES OP COMPANIES AND NUMBER OP MEMBERS. Angola Regulators 42 Albion Rangers Allen Reconnoiterers 60 Bluffton Regulators Cedar Creek Protectors Dekalb County Horse Thief Detecting Society 40 Eden Police Eel River Regulators Fremont Rangers 20 Independent Self-Protectors 24 Jackson Prairie Horse Thief Detecting Society 75 Jefferson Regulators 30 Kekioga Guards Lisbon Rangers 81 Lagrange Self-Protecting Association 73 Lagrange Association of Clear Spring Leesburg Horse Company 51 Lagrange County Rangers 32 Marion Rangers Mutual Protection Company 70 Newville Rangers Noble County Invincibles 40 Plymouth Regulators Port Mitchell Regulators 60 Police Guards Perry Regulators 79 Richland Rangers 43 Self-Protectors at Flint 21 Salem Horse Thief Detecting Company 31 Springfield Spies 80' Self-Protectors of South Milford 65 Swan Regulators 61 Self-Protectois of Springfield 64 Sparta Guards Union Regulators Wolf Lake Sharpers Warsaw Horse Thief Company LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 014 754 071 1 f^ M. H. MOTT, ATTORNEY AT LAW & NOTARY PUBLIC, «®* Prompt attention given to the Collection of Claims at all points in Northern Indiana and Southern Michigan. JAMES ISTCONNELL, Real Estate Agent & Notary PubKc, I.IGOIVIER, JVOBI.E COVIVTY, Ui'D.