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Full text of "History of Reno County, Kansas; its people, industries and institutions"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



|K*E;-!:>yrS 



3 3433 08178536 6 



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OoW^l 



HISTORY 



OF 



RENO COUNTY 

KANSAS 

ITS PEOPLE, INDUSTRIES AND INSTITUTIONS 

By 

SHERIDAN PLOUGHE 



With Biographical Sketches of Representative Citizens and 
Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families 



VOLUME II 



ILLUSTRATED 



1917 
B. F. BOWEN & COMPANY, Inc. 

Indianapolis, Indiana. 



THE K\'^ ''■O-K 
PUBLIC LI3,P4T^Y 

Ai.'LOR-, LENCXAND 
TlLDENt^OUNDATiONS 

R 1931 ' 



CONTENTS 



CHAPTER I— EARLY EXPLORATIONS OF THE WEST 33 

Opposition to Louisiana Purchase — Lewis-Clark Expedition — Major Long's 
Expedition and Noteworthy Incidents Connected with it — Other Explorers — 
Jacob Fowler's Explorations and His "Journal of Travels" — Lieutenant Wil- 
kinson. 

CHAPTER II— PHYSICAL APPEARANCE AND EARLY CONDITIONS 42 

Conditions in Reno County Similar to Those in Other States — Characteristics 
of the Early Settlers — Lack of Transportation Facilities — Wild Geese — Wild 
Game — Bufifalo Grass, a Wonderful Forage — Monotony of the Scene in Early 
Days — A Wonderful Transformation. 

CHAPTER III— THE ARKANSAS RIVER AND OTHER STREAMS 45 

Coronado, the First Explorer of the West — Naming the Arkansas River — 
Description of the River — Explorations of Zebulon Pike — Jacob Fowler's 
Journeyings^Cow Creek and Some Queries Concerning It — Disastrous 
Floods — Flood Prevention Work — Straightening of the Channel — The Drain- 
age Canal — ^The Ninnescah and Salt Creek. 

4 CHAPTER IV— THE OSAGE INDIANS 54 

fc Few Indians in Kansas After the Advent of the White Man — Osage Indians, 

Original Owners of Reno County Territory — Original Indian Claims to the 
Land — The Osage Treaties— The Osage Trust Lands— Indian Habits and 
Customs. 

^ CHAPTER V— THE BUFFALO 60 

1 Physical Pecularities of the American Buffalo, or Bison — The Buffalo Range 

^ ' — Probable Age of the Species — Immense Size of Herds — The Buffalo Grass 

^ — Condition of the Soil After the Herds Had Passed and Its Effect on 

_. Drainage — Habits of the Buffalo — Buffalo as Food — Disappearance of the 

'— Buffalo a Chief Cause of the Breaking Up of the Tribal Relations of the 

Indians— Extermination of the Buffalo in the Interest of Peace — Buffalo 

Bones — Hide Hunters — ^Buffalo Wallows. 

CHAPTER VI— EARLY TRAILS ACROSS THE COUNTRY 67 

2i!ll The Tide of Emigration Westward After the Civil War— The Cattle Busi- 

ness — Immense Herds of Texas Cattle Driven North — Some of the Early 
Cattle Men— The Cattle Trails— The Romance of the "Trail" and the 
"Round-up." 



CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER VII— BOUNDARY LINES 71 

Legislative Acts of 1853, Creating Counties — Only Meager Descriptions Pos- 
sible — Descriptions Simplified by Survey of 1857 — Numerous Changes in 
County Boundaries — Creation of Reno County — C. C. Hutchinson and His 
Influence on Early Development of the Country — His Choice of a Townsite 
— Reno Given Its Present Form — Attempts to Divide the County. 

CHAPTER VIII— THE EARLY SETTLERS 76 

First Settler in Reno County— Other Earliest Settlements and Those Who 
Immediately Followed — First Settlements Along Water Courses — Early 
Game — An Indian Scare — Early Land Survej^s — Many Inaccuracies — Official 
Record of the Complete Survey of Reno County. 

CHAPTER IX— SOME FIRST THINGS - 82 

First Marriage — First Birth — First Threshing Machine — First Political Con- 
vention — First Death — First Cemetery — First "Joint" Raid — First Alfalfa — 
Building of the First Silo — The Last BufTalo — Building of the Rock Island 
Railroad — A Big Powder Explosion — The Water and Light Plant in Sherman 
Street, West. 

CHAPTER X— A YEAR OF DISASTER 94 

The Year 1874, a Dismal One for the Pioneers of Reno County — A Hot 
Year and Extended Drought — The Locust Scourge — The Kansas Relief 
Fund — Pioneers Refuse to Be Discouraged, and Their Ultimate Triumph. 

CHAPTER XI— ORGANIZING THE COUNTY 98 

Petition for Creation of Reno County, Its Approval By the Governor, and 
His Order for the Organization of the County — The First Election — C. C. 
Hutchinson the First Representative in the Legislature — First Election for 
County Officers — Some of These Officers — Hutchinson to be a Temperance 
Town — Tlie Herd Law and Its Importance to the Early Settlers — Census 
Roll of Reno County, January 18, 1872. 

CHAPTER XII— TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATIONS 110 

Reno, the First Township — Creation, First Officers and Other Items of In- 
terest Concerning the Townships of Valle}', Little River, Haven, Clay, 
Castleton, Center, Lincoln, Nickerson (Grant), Salt Creek, Troy, Langdon, 
Medford, Miami, Grove, North Hayes, Yoder, Grove, Loda, Hayes, Bell, 
Albion, Roscoc, Enterprise, Plevna, Huntsville, Walnut, Sylvia, Medora, Ar- 
lington and Ninnescah. 

CHAPTER XIII— POLITICAL PARTIES 124 

Reno County Settled Largely by Old Soldiers — Republican Party Dominant 
Througliout the Historj' of the County — Relative Party Strength — The Pro- 
hibition Question — Notable Political Contest — The Largest Political Meet- 
ing Ever Held in the County — Management of Political Parties — Protest 
Against the Convention System, Resulting in the Primary Law — Present 
Political Independence of the Voters. 



CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XIV— THE COUNTY COMMISSIONERS 120 

Management of the County's Finances — The First Board of Commissioners — 
Commissioner Districts — Notable Political Row of 1873— Personnel of the 
Board During the Eighties — Change in the Election Laws — Pioneer Officials 
Lacked "Vision." 

CHAPTER XV— PROBATE JUDGES OF RENO COUNTY 135 

An Important Office — Statistics Showing the Growth of the Office — Foreign 
Wills and Guardianships — Appointment of Administrators — Department of 
Domestic Wills — Adoption Cases and Juvenile Court Work — Marriage Li- 
censes — List of Probate Judges. 

CHAPTER XVI— CLERKS OF THE DISTRICT COURT 142 

Office Noted for Long Tenure of Officials — Women Elected to Office — First 
Case in District Court — Separation of the Criminal and Civil Cases. 

CHAPTER XVII— COUNTY CLERKS 146 

The First County Clerk and His Successors^Growth of Office in Importance 
— Duties of the Clerk — Conviction for Embezzlement — Present Records Com- 
plete and Accurate. 

CHAPTER XVIII— COUNTY ATTORNEYS 151 

One of the Most Important Offices in the County — Incumbents of the Office 
Since Creation of Same — Influence of the Populists— Vote Indicates Growth 
of County. 

CHAPTER XIX— REGISTER OF DEEDS 156 

The First Register of Deeds and Those Who Have Followed Him — Impor- 
tant Functions of the Office — Statistics for 1916. 

CHAPTER XX— SURVEYORS AND CORONERS 160 

Strange Grouping of These Two Offices — First Surveyors of tlie County 
— The County Coroner and His Duties and Status — Those Who Have Held 
the Office. 

CHAPTER XXI— REPRESENTATIVES AND STATE SENATORS 165 

C. C. Hutchinson, Reno's First Representative in the Lower House — Re- 
sume of the Ensuing Elections — Rivalry Between Country and Town— State 
Senators. 

CHAPTER XXII— SOME EARLY BOND ELECTIONS 172 

Absence of Money in Early Days an Embarrassment — Small List of Personal 
Property Taxpayers — Unequality of the Burden — Bonds Necessary — First 
Bond Election — The Building of Bridges and of a Court House — Road- 
making, An Important Question — C. C. Hutchinson's Vision of Future Reno 
County. 

CHAPTER XXIII— BONDS OF THE COUNTY AND ITS SUBDIVISIONS.. 177 
Early Necessity for Public Improvements — County Compelled to Borrow 
Money and Issue Bonds — Bonded Indebtedness, 1916 — Bonded Indebtedness 
of the Townships. 



CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XXIV— REi\0 COUNTY'S FINANCIAL MATTERS 181 

Trouble in Providing for the Early Expenses of the County — Necessity for 
Bond Issue — Little Market Demand for the Bonds — The Tax Rolls in 1872 
— Railroad Injunction Suit Against the County Against Levying Taxes — 
Compromise With the Railroad — Statistics Concerning the Increase in the 
Value of Taxable Property — County's Bonded Indebtedness — Ofifice of 
County Assessor — The County's Progress. 

CHAPTER XXV— BUILDING THE MISSOURI PACIFIC 188 

Early Rivalry Between Towns for Railroads — The Wichita-Hutchinson Con- 
tention — Final Triumph of the Hutchinson Crowd in Their Efforts to Bring 
the Missouri Pacific Here. 

CHAPTER XXVI— THE HUTCHINSON & SOUTHERN RAILROAD 193 

Originally a L'nion Pacific Project — Controversy Among the Projectors of 
the Road as to its Route — Its Eventual Building to Reno County — A Profit- 
able Transaction for the Promoters. 

CHAPTER XXVII— EARLY FARMING 199 

Crude Methods of the Pioneer Farmer — Importance of the Early Hay and 
Corn Market — Favorable Effect of the Herd Law — First Grist-mills — Prairie 
Fires and Their Effect on Timl)er Growth — Diversity in Farming — Pioneer 
'Orchards — Milk and Eggs. 

CHAPTER XXVIII— RENO COUNTY FAIRS* 206 

The First Reno County Fair — Splendid Growth of Later Fairs — ^Beginning 
of the Present State Fair as an Institution — Its Phenomenal Success and 
Present Status. 

CHAPTER XXIX— THE GRAIN BUSINESS 211 

First Grain Buyers of Reno County — Board of Trade — Present Vast Propor- 
tions of the Traffic — Flouring Mills. 

CHAPTER XXX— POSTOFFICES AND MAIL ROUTES 214 

First Overland Mail — Hutchinson a Mail Distributing Point — -Star Routes — 
Postmasters in Reno County — Free Delivery in Hutchinson — Postal Receipts 
— Rural Free Delivery. 

CHAPTER XXXI— SCHOOLS. RENO COUNTY 22i) 

Incomplete. Records of the Early Schools — Unpractical Method of Forming 
First School Districts^ — h'irst District Organized in 1872 — Later Ones — Bond- 
ed Indebtedness of School Districts — Later Bond Issues — Consolidated Rural 
Schools — Rural High Schools — The Standardized School — School Statistics 
— County Superintendents — Reno County High School. 

CHAPTER XXXII— NEWSPAPERS OF THE COUNTY 237 

Reno County Fortunate in an Abundant Supply of Newspapers — Zeno Tharp, 
Optimist — First Newspaper in the County — A "Boomer" on the Job — Later 
Newspaper Developments — Some .Short-lived Papers — Other Papers — News- 
papers as an Asset to the Community. 



CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XXXIII— FIRST CHURCHES IN THE COUNTY 243 

First Public Religious Service in the County — Early Baptist and Methodist 
Societies — Congregationalist Church— The Presbyterian Church — Christian 
Church — Catholic Church — ^The Universalist Society — Church Growth Keep- 
ing Pace With the Growth of the County. 

CHAPTER XXXIV— EARLY DOCTORS OF RENO COUNTY 247 

Strenuous Lives of the Early Doctors — -First Doctor in Hutchinson — Other 
Physicians Who Looked After the Health of the Pioneers — County Medical 
Society — Hospitals — The Red Cross Society. 

CHAPTER XXXV— BANKS OF RENO COUNTY 250 

The First Bank and Other Early Financial Institutions — Other Banks Which 
Have Been Started in the County — Financial Standing of the Banks. 

CHAPTER XXXVI— THE RENO COUNTY BAR 254 

Lawyers of Reno County Men of Ability and High Character — Nature of 
Early Legal Business — Early Lawyers of Reno County— Bachelors Argue 
for Woman Suffrage — Some Present Members of the Bar — Younger Members 
of the Bar — Convicted Lawyer Disbarred. 

CHAPTER XXXVII— THE NINTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT 263 

Creation of the Ninth Judicial District — Counties in the Original District 
and Changes in the District Boundaries — Judges of the District Court. 

CHAPTER XXXVIII— CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS IN RENO COUNTY 269 

Complete List of Union Soldiers Living in Reno County in 1890, with the 
Number From Each State. 

CHAPTER XXXIX— STATE MILITIA— COMPANY E 299 

First Military Company in Reno County — Indian Scare — Home Guard Com- 
pany — Organization of Company E — Roster of the Company During the 
Spanish-American War and at the Time of its Second Call to Service, in 
1916 — Machine Gun Company. 

CHAPTER XL— COMMUNITY MUSIC 306' 

Social Gatherings Among the Pioneers — Music One of the Features of All 
Public Occasions — Some Pioneer Singers — An Early Music Teacher — First 
Public Concert — State Music Teachers' Association — The Musical Jubilee — 
The Municipal Band. 

t 

CHAPTER XLI— SMALLER TOWNS IN RENO COUNTY 310 

Brief Description of Nickerson, Arlington, Castleton, Haven, Partridge, Abby- 
ville, Plevna, Langdon, Medora, Buhler, Elmer, Turon. 

CHAPTER XLII— FORTY-FIVE YEARS IN RENO 316 

Phenomenal Progress of the County Since Its Organization — Comparative 
Statistics— A Brief Contrast of Conditions — Growth of the City and Villages 
—Public Utilities. 



CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XLIII— THE BEGINNING OF HUTCHINSON 319 

C. C. Hutchinson's Contract Witli the Railroad to Build a Town — Obstacles — 
Hutchinson's Preseverance and Untiring Zeal — Beginning of the Town — 
First Buildings and Business Concerns. 

CHAPTER XLIV— HUTCHINSON, A CITY OF THE THIRD CLASS 324 

Incorporated as a City — First City Election — First City Ordinance — First 
Boundaries — Protection From Prairie Fires — Early City Ordinances — Hitch- 
ing-post Questions — By Way of Contrast — Various City Elections — The Sa- 
loon Question — Promotion of Public Improvements — Census Taken — De- 
velopment of Public Utilities — Fire Protection — City Finances — Permanent 
Improvements. 

CHAPTER XLV— HUTCHINSON, A CITY OF THE SECOND CLASS 336 

Governor Marin Proclaims Hutchinson a City of the Second Class in 1886 — 
City Divided Into Wards — Street Car Line Franchise — Aid to Railroads — Citj^ 
PJections — City Boundar}' Line Extended — A City Boom — Construction of a 
Sewer System — An Enterprising Editor — Council and Mayor at Outs — City 
Warrants Discounted — More Aid Granted Railroads — City Building Pur- 
chased — The Coming of Natural Gas — Cit)^ Finances — Carnegie Library 
Offer Accepted — Interesting Financial Expedients — Street Paving — Drainage 
Ditch — Street Car Line Franchise — Commission Form of Government. 

CHAPTER XLVI— HUTCHINSON AS A CITY OF THE FIRST CLASS 350 

New Form of City Government — First Meeting of the Commissioners — 
Early Acts of the Board— Internal Improvement Bonds Ordered by Popular 
Election — Street Improvements — Move to Make Hutchinson a City of the 
First Class — The Convention Hall — Public Band Concerts — Recent City 
Elections — Automobile Parking — Sundaj- Closing — Further Improvements 
Ordered. 

CHAPTER XLVII— THE SALT INDUSTRY 356 

The Rock Salt Deposit in Reno County — First Knowledge and Use of Native 
Salt — Later Discovery of the Rock Salt and Quick Development of Its 
Production — The First Salt Plants — Expansion of the Salt Market — Yearly 
Output of the Field — Consolidation of the Industry — Log of the Drill — 
Analysis of the Brine. 

CHAPTER XLVII I— BUILDING UP THE SALT INDUSTRY 366 

Rebates on Freight Shipments — Investigation by Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission — Judgment of the Commission — Healthy Growth of the Salt Busi- 
ness, which is now an Important Factor in the Business Life of the City. 

CHAPTER XLIX— LOCATING THE PACKING HOUSE 111 

Subsistence of the Boom Left Hutchinson in a Bad Way — R. M. Easley 
Makes "Ten-strike" in Contracting with Packing House to Come to Hutchin- 
son — Overcoming Many Obstacles — Tremendous Efforts of Local Commit- 
tee Finallv Rewarded with Success. 



CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER L— SODA-ASH PLANT AND STRAWBOARD WORKS 1>11 

First Soda-Ash Plant and Its Subsequent Development — The Strawboard 
Works — Other Industries. 

CHAPTER LX— THE SCHOOLS OF HUTCHINSON 381 

First School in Reno County and the First Teachers — School District No. 1 
Organized — -Issue of Bonds for School Purposes — Gradual Growth of the 
Schools — Buildings — Complete System of Records — The Alumni Associa- 
tion — Superintendents of City Schools — Notable Record of Teaching Service. 

CHAPTER LII— THE Y. M. C. A. AND Y. W. C. A 486 

First Young Men's Christian Association in 1876 — Another Attempt in 1885 — 
Organization of the Present Association in 1909 — Splendid Work of the 
Organization and Its Present Healthy Condition — The Young Women's 
Christian Association. 

CHAPTER LIII— THE WEATHER 390 

Complete Weather Records of Reno County from January, 1874. 



HISTORICAL INDEX 



A 
Abbyville — 

Bank 252, 253 

Location 313 

Mail Service 224 

Name 313 

Newspaper 241 

Postmasters 218 

Schools 230 

Railroad 313 

Albion Township , 120 

Alfalfa, First 86 

Arkansas River 45 

Arlington — 

Bank 251, 253 

Beginning of 311 

Mail Service 224 

Name 311 

Newspaper 240 

Postmasters 220, 312 

Schools 229, 312 

Townsite ■ 311 

Arlington Township 123 

Assessor, County 186 

Assessor's Valuations 181, 184 

B 

Bank Statistics ^ 253 

Banks 250 

Baptist Church 243, 245 

Bar, The 254 

Bench and Bar 254 

Birth, First 82 

Bond Elections, Early 172 

Bonds of School Districts 226 

Bonds of the County 172, 184 

Bones, Buffalo 65 

Booth 221 

Boundary Lines 71 

Buffalo 60 



Buffalo Bones 65 

Buffalo Grass 43, 60 

Buffalo, The Last 88 

Buhler— 

Bank 252, 253 

Location 314 

Mail Service 224 

Mill 213 

Newspaper 241 

Postmasters 219 

Townsite 314 

c 

Castleton 221, 224, 252, 312 

Castleton Township HI, 113, 245 

Catholic Church 245 

Cattle Industry 67 

Cattle Men 67 

Cemetery, First 82 

Census Roll, 1872 104 

Center Township 111, 113, 179. 244 

Chisholm Trail 68 

Christian Churcli 245 

Churches, First - 243 

Civil War Soldiers 269 

Clay Township 113, 180 

Clerks of County 9. 146 

Clerks of District Court 99. 142 

Climatology 390 

Commissioner Districts 129 

Commissioners, County 98, 100, 129 

Community Music 306 

Company E, State Militia 299 

Congregational Church 244. 245 

Consolidated Rural Schools 228 

Coronado 45 

Coroners 99, 162 

County Assessor 186 

County Attorneys 99, 151 

County Clerks ._ 99, 146 



HISTORICAL INDEX. 



County Commissioners 98, 100,129 

Count}' Expoiuiitures 184 

County Fairs 206 

County Finances 181 

County Medical Society 249 

County Officers, First VV 

County Organized 98 

County Superintendents 100, 235 

County Surveyor 99 

Court House 174 

Cow Creek 49, 201, 327, 329 



Darlow 221, 224 

Death. First 82 

Disaster, Year of 94 

District Court Z63 

District Court, Clerks of 99, 142 

District Court, First Case in 144 

District Court, Judges of 259, 264 

Doctors, Early 247 

Drainage Canal 52 



Early Bond Elections 172 

Early Conditions of County 42 

Early Explorations 33 

Early Farming 199 

Early Land Surveys 79 

Early Lawyers of' Reno County 255 

Early Music 306 

Early Settlers 76 

Early Trails 67 

Easley, Ralph M. 189, 238, 339, 372 

Education 225 

Elections 124 

Elmer 314 

Enterprise Township 121 

Explorations of the West o3 



Fairs 206 

Farming, Early 199 

Farm Statistics, Early 316 

Finances of County 181 

First Churches 243 

First Things 82 

Forty-five Years in Reno 316 



Fowler, Jacob 39, 47 

Frosts 397 

Fruit Growing 204 

G 

Game, Wild 43 

Geese, Wild 42 

Grain Business 211 

Grant Township___110, 114, 179, 202, 245 

Grasshopper Plague 68, 94 

Grove Township 117, 119 

H 

Hamburg 219 

Haven — 

Bank 251 

Beginning of 312 

Incorporation 313 

Mail Service 224, 312 

Mill 213 

Name 312 

Newspapers 240, 241 

Postmasters 219 

Railroads 312 

Haven Township 111, 112 

Hayes Township 120, 180 

Herd Law 102, 200 

Hide Hunters 65 

High Schools, Rural 229 

Home Guards 300 

Hospitals 249 

Huntsville Township 121 

Hutchinson — 

A City of the Frst Class 350 

A City of the Second Class 336 

A City of the Third Class 324 

Banks 250, 253 

Beginning of 319 

Boom Days 338 

Bonds 179 

Boundary Lines 337 

Board of Trade 312 

Carnegie Library 346 

Census of 1880 331 

Churches, Early 243 

City Building 343 

Commission Government 349, 351 

Convention Hall 352 

Doctors, Early 247 



HISTORICAL INDEX. 



Hutchinson — 

Drainage Canal 52 

Early Conditions 327 

Early Events 319 

Elections 324, 353 

Finances ^_333, 334 

Fire Protection 332, 334 

Floods 51 

Free City Delivery ^~^ 

Gas Franchise 334 

Grain Business 312 

Hitching Post Question 326 

Hospitals 249 

Incorporation as City 324 

Industries 339, 356, 366, 377, 379 

Improvements 329 

Lawyers 255 

Library Started >>44 

License Problem 328. 331 

Mail Service 214, 224 

Mills 212 

Municipal Bonds 309, 353 

Music 306 

Natural Gas 343 

Newspapers 238, 242 

Ordinances, First 324 

Packing House 339, 112 

Postal Receipts 223 

Postmasters 217 

Public Utilities 331 

Public Improvements 329 

Railroad Aid 342 

Salt Industry 356, 366 

School Bonds 381 

Schools 381 

Sewer Construction 346 

Sidewalks Constructed m 

Strawboard Works •^^9 

Superintendents of Schools 384 

Temperance Town 102 

Townsite 320 

Tree Planting 330 

Water Plant, Early 92 

Waterworks . 334 

Weather 390 

Y. M. C. A. 386 

Y. W. C. A. 388 

Hutchinson & Arkansas River R. R. 367 
Hutchinson & Southern Railroad--- 193 
Hutchinson, C. C, 72, 74, 75, 11, 98 
102, 105, 165, 171, 176, 247, 250, 
319, 321. 



I 

Indebtedness, Bonded, of County 178, 184 
Indebtedness of School Districts — 226 

Indian Customs 58 

Indians 54 

Indian Scares 78, 299 



Judges of Probate Court _ 
Juvenile Court Work 



..99, 135, 260 
138 



K 

Kansas State Fair Association 209 

L 

Land Surveys, Early 79 

Langdon — 

Bank 251, 253 

Incorporation 314 

Location 314 

Mail Service 224 

Newspaper 240 

Postmasters 220 

Schools 230 

Langdon Township 115 

Lawsuit, First HO 

Legal Profession 254 

Lerado 222, 241 

LesHe 221 

Lewis-Clark Expedition 34 

Lincoln Township H-^ 

Little River Township 111, 112. 179, ISO 

Loda Township 119, 120 

Long Expedition 34 

Louisiana Purchase 34 

M 

Machine-gun Company 303 

Mail Routes 214 

Marriage, First 82 

Marriage Licenses 139 

Medford Township 116 

Medical Profession 247 

Medical Society 249 

Medora 221. 314 

Methodist Church 243, 245 

Miami Township 117 

Military Record 269. 299 



HISTORICAL INDEX. 



Mills. 200. 212 

Missouri Pacific Railroad 188 

Music 306 

Musical Jubilee 307 

N 

Netherland 222 

Newspapers ^^"^ 

Nickerson — 

Bank 252 

Beginning of 310 

Bonds 179, 180 

Churches, Early 245 

Incorporation -^H 

Mail Service 224, 311 

Newspapers 240. 311 

Postmasters 217 

Railroad Interests lf^3 

Schools 311 

Townsite 310 

Nickerson College 235 

Nickerson Township, See Grant 
Township. 

Ninnescah Creek ^3 

Ninnescah Township 123 

Ninth Judicial District 263 

North Hayes Township 117 

o 

Olcott 241 

Orchards 204 

Organization of Townships 110 

Organizing the County 98 

Osage Indians 54 

Osage Trust Lands 57 

P 
Partridge — 

Location 313 

Mail Service 224 

Name 313 

Newspaper 241 

Postmasters 218 

Railroads Ji3 

Schools 230 

Physical Appearance of County 42 

F'hysicians, Early 247 

Pike. Zebulon 46 

Political Parties 



Press, the ^'^'^ 

Pretty Prairie __-221, 224, 241, 251, 253 
Plevna — 

Bank 252, 253 

Location 314 

Mail Service 224 

Newspaper 241 

Postmasters 218 

Schools 230 

Plevna Township 121 

Postmasters 216 

Postoffices 214 

Powder Explosion 89 

Prairie Dogs 43 

Prairie Fires 202 

Precipitation 397 

Presbyterian Church 244 

Primary Law 127 

Probate Judges 99, 135, 260 

Prohibition Question 125 

R 

Railroads -Ji, 88, 176, 182, 188, 193, 367 
Rainfall 397 

Rebate Hearings 367 

Red Cross Society 249 

Register of Deeds 99. 156 

Reno Center 218 

Reno County High School 235 

Reno County Medical Society 249 

Reno Township _ 110. 181 

Representatives 16o 

Roads 174 

Rock Island Railroad 88 

Roscoe Township 121 

Rural Free Deliver}^ Hi 

Rural High Schools 229 

Rural Schools 228 

S 

Salt Creek 53 

Salt Creek Township 115. 116 

Salt Creek Village 218 

Salt Industry 356. 366 

School Districts 225 

School Statistics 231 

Schools 225 

Senators, State 170 

Settlement of the Countv 76 



HI^TORTCAI. INDEX. 



Sherifif 99 

Silo, First 87 

Spanish-American War 301 

Standardized Schools Z30 

Star Mail Routes 214 

State Fair 207 

State Militia 299 

State Senators 170 

State Tax 184 

Streams 45 

Sumner Township 119 

Superintendents of County Schools 

110, 235 

Surveys, Early 79 

Sylvia City — 

Bank 251, 252. 253 

Bonds 180 

Mail Service 224 

Mill 213 

Newspapers 240, 241 

Postmasters 217 

Sylvia Township 122 

T 

Temperature 390 

Tharp, Zeno 115, 116, 237 

Threshing Machine, First 82 

Township Organizations 110 

Towns of Reno County 310 

Trails, Early 67 

Treasurer y9 

Treaties with Indians 55 

Troy Township 115, 116 



iuron — 

Bank 251 

Location 314 

Mail Service 224 

, Mill 213 

Name 315 

Postmasters 220 

Townsite 315 

u 

Universalist Churcli ^ 246 

V 

Valley Township 111, 202 

Valuations 181, 184 

\'eterans of Civil War in Reno 209 

W • 

Walnut Township 122 

Water and Light Plant, Early 92 

Weather Records 390 

Wild Game 1 , 43 

Wild Geese 42 

Wilkinson, Lieutenant 41 

World War 303 

Y 
Yoder 219 

Yoder Township 117 

Z 
Zenith 217 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



A 

Abel, Josiah W 274 

Aelmore, Martin A 491 

Akin, Rev. Dudley D.. D.D 322 

Allmon, Elbert 6 382 

Anderson, Joel M 208 

Armour, Thomas G 101 

Ash, Fred W 461 

Asher, Arthur E 62 

Astle, George 252 

B 

Bailey, J. N 775 

Bailey, Joe F 457 

Bain, Millard F 661 

Ballard, Benjamin F 511 

Bangs, Merwin B 243 

Barr, Walter G 757 

Barrett, George . 22>2 

Barrett, M. L 623 

Barrett, Nelson T 183 

Barton, Edward E 760 

Bay, €. M 528 

Bay, Clyde 740 

Bay, Delmar E 507 

Bear, Arthur M 439 

Beck, Konrad C 517 

Bennett, Capt. William R 296 

Bigger, Leander A 714 

Bixler, Thurman J 282 

Bloom, Charles 144 

Boehm, John J 263 

Bonnet, Lee 527 

Bowman, Eli 196 

Bowser, George R 160 

Bowser, Lemon 162 

Brainard, Capt. Jesse 192 

Branch, Charles M 55 

Branine, Judge Charles E 36 

Brewer, Eliher L 271 



Brown, Harlow B 764 

Brown, Morrison H 291 

Brown, William A 303 

Buettner, J. H 550 

Burgess, William H 387 

Burris, Martin 256 

Buser, Atlee M. 626 

Bush, Charles H 405 

Bush, James M 659 

Buskirk, James E 639 

Bussinger, Martin C 12 

Byers, O. P 697 

c 

Cain, Morris R 614 

Calbert, Robert E. L 747 

Campbell, John H 283 

Campbell, John W 378 

Cantwell, George W 674 

Carey, Hon. Emerson 33 

Carpenter, Fred H 275 

Carr, William E 217 

Carson, William F 121 

Catte, Joseph 371 

Chamberlain, Grant 486 

Chapin, Cornelius O 368 

Chubbuck, Willis J 530 

Citizens Bank of Hutchinson, The_ 54 

Claybaugh, C. W 111 

Clothier, J. B 568 

Coffman, Capt. George T 560 

Coleman, Lewis W. 429 

Coleman, Monroe 389 

Collingwood, J. M 768 

CoUingwood, John A._l 681 

Collingwood, Mrs. Mary 748 

Comes, John W 384 

Cone, William R., D.D.S 203 

Conkling. Charles A 707 

Connelly, William M 470 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



A 

Abel, Josiah W 274 

Aelmore, Martin A 491 

Akin, Rev. Dudley D.. D.D 122 

Allmon. Elbert O 382 

Anderson, Joel M 208 

Armour. Thomas G 101 

Ash. Fred W 461 

Asher, Arthur E 62 

Astle. George 252 

B 

Bailey, J. X 775 

Bailey, Joe F 457 

Bain, Millard F 661 

Ballard, Benjamin F 511 

Bangs, Merwin B 243 

Barr, Walter G 757 

Barrett, George HI 

Barrett. M. L 623 

Barrett, Xelson T 183 

Barton. Edward E 760 

Bay, C. M 528 

Bay, Clyde 740 

Bay, Dclmar E 507 

Bear, Arthur M 439 

Beck, Konrad C 517 

Bennett. Capt. William R 296 

Bigger, Leander A 714 

Bixler, Thurman J 282 

Bloom, Charles 144 

Boehm, John J 263 

Bonnet, Lee 527 

Bowman, Eli 196 

Bowser, George R 160 

Bowser. Lemon 162 

Brainard, Capt. Jesse 192 

Branch, Charles M 55 

Branine, Judge Charles E 36 

Brewer, Elrtier L 271 



Brown, Harlow B 7M 

Brown, Morrison H 291 

Brown, William A 3(J3 

Buettner, J. H 550 

Burgess. William H yiM 

Burris, Martin 256 

Buser, Atlee M. 626 

Bush, Charles H 405 

Bush, James M 659 

Buskirk, James E 639 

Bussinger, Martin C 12 

Byers, O. P 697 

C 

Cain, Morris R 614 

Calbert, Robert E. L 747 

Campbell, John H I'^i 

Campbell, John W 378 

Cantwell, George W 674 

Carey, Hon. Emerson 2>'S 

Carpenter, Fred H 275 

Carr. William E 217 

Carson, William F 121 

Catte, Joseph 371 

Chamberlain, Grant 486 

Chapin, Cornelius O 368 

Chubbuck, Willis J 530 

Citizens Bank of Hutchinson, The. 54 

Claybaugh, C. W 111 

Clothier, J. B 568 

Coffman, Capt. George T 560 

Coleman, Lewis W. 429 

Coleman, Monroe 389 

Collingwood. J. M 768 

CoUingwood, John A._l 681 

Collingwood, Mrs. Mary 748 

Comes, John W 384 

Cone. William R.. D.D.S 203 

Conkling, Charles A 707 

Connellv. William M 470 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX. 



Cook, Fred \V., U.V.S 5J 

Cook. J. W 776 

Cooper, S. Leslie 774 

Cooler, Fred W 117 

Cooler, George W 2(A 

Copeland, Cornelius B 41(S 

Cost, Frank H 684 

Crabbs, Abraham B 366 

Crawley, William 1' 720 

Crotts, Samuel M 588 

Crow, Edward G 719 

Crow, George L 277 

Crow. William R 320 

Curnutt, Henry G 151 

D 

Dade. Arthur 174 

Dade. Ernest 546 

Dade. Richard G 656 

Danford, E. F 632 

Danford, Isaiah 221 

Danford. Louis P 72i< 

Davics, John M 245 

Dean, Albert A 7{)3 

Deatz, A. J 586 

Deck, Peter 373 

Decker. Thomas J 670. 

Dick. James L 478 

Dillon, Franklin E 267 

Di.xon. Albert P 215 

Dunn, George W 493 

Dunn. F. M 489 

Dunsworth, Buckner W 383 

Duvall. Hunter T.. M.D 562 

E 

Eastman. Byron A 723 

Eastman, Wilbur B 370 

Elliott, Alphcus E 272 

Ellis, Peres 424 

Erkcr, George A 730 

Eskelson, Swan 155 

Everett, Elmer 536 

F 

Fairchild, William G 85 

Fall. George T 624 

Farley, Joseph P 218 



Farrell, Rev. William M 286 

Farthing, Peter R 520 

Farthing. Sylvester 261 

Fearl, Frank E 672 

Iferguson, James E.__ 295 

•Ftrnie, George K 450 

Field, Hon. F. C 312 

Firebaugh, I'rank F 495 

Fontron Family, The 134 

Forsha. Fred A 738 

Fountain. Albert S.. M.D 552 

Eraser. Thomas J 494 

G 

Gantz, George R - 622 

Gaston, Samuel D ^ 112. 

Gibson. .Charles 370 

Giles, Benjamin E 138 

Glass, John W 107 

Graham. Robert J 146 

Gray. George T 363 

Graybill, Samuel S 288 

Grayson, John W.__ 512 

Green. James 496 

Guymon, Edward T 64 

H 

liadlcy, Levi P 104 

Hall. Justus O 437 

Hall, Ross E 299 

Hamilton, Frank D 226 

Handy, Edward S 185 

Harden, Albert E 178 

Hardy. Xoah 541 

Harms, Henry W 612 

Harris. Walter B 133 

Harsha, Juhn i' .__ S2 

Hartford, Col. Henry 200 

Hartmann, Henry P 509 

Harvey. Royal M 655 

Haston. James 780 

Haston, Samuel 412 

Hedrick, Capt. John M 77 

Herr. J. Xevon 57 

Herrcii, Isaac W 756 

Hershberger, Randall P 195 

Hiatt. Charles E :_ 779 

Hirkey. John 650 

Hickman. Overton '___ 572 



BIOGt-fAPHICAL INDEX.' 



Hickman, William fl. H.--.-— — 6^1 

Hill, Harrison A 410 

Hinds, David H 667 

Hinman, Milton E 709 

Hinshaw, William H 584 

Hirst, Frederick 119 

Hirst, George 80 

Hirst, William 96' 

Hitchcock, Charles O 361 

Hoagland, Ben S 573 

Hoagland. Lieut. Martin 396 

Hodge, L. D 503 

Hodgson, Herbert C 314 

Hodgson, William 336 

Hodgson, William L 519 

Holaday, Harry E., D.V.S 734 

Holdeman, A. R 783 

Hornbaker, Finlcy D 504 

Hoskinson, George W ' 348 

Housinger, Nicholas 743 

Howell, Ed. G — - 409 

Hiickleberry, Andrew J., Jr lo7 

Hudson, William L 380 

Hurd, E. R ^ 630 

Hutton, Emmett 259 

Hutton & Oswald _____ 258 

Hutton, Samuel F 606 

J 

Jennings, Thomas 583 

Jessup, Barclay L 319 

Jewell, Warren D 593 

Johnson, Arthur W 428 

Johnson, Jesse W 67;) 

Johnson, William H 451 

Jones, Peter C 1^- 

Jones, Robert S 596 

Jones, Walter F 543 

Justice, Richard 581 

Justus, J. F 771 

' K 

Kautzcr, John D 342 

Kellams, James C 431 

Kelling, Henry 415 

Kennedy, Thomas K : 498 

King, David H 616 

King, Joseph W 646 

Klein, Frank F . 712 



Koontz, George M.__l ." 364 

Krockcr, George T 464 

L 

Lambert, 'Charles A 315 

Larabee, Frederick D 602 

Layman, Roscoc C i.-J 308 

Lcatherman, William A '. 508 

Lee, George W --_-'- 416 

Leighty, Stephen S _____J',176 

Leonrod, George von, M.D.__i -640 

Leslie, John F 628 

Loe. William A 472- 

Long, William E.-.ii :_.___-_- 269 ' 

Lovelace, James R — '- — _ — 3<X) 

Mc 

McCandless, Archibald W . 598 

McCowan, Samuel 3^0 

McDermed, Frank M 213 

McDermed, Robert F 1 566 

Mcllrath, James H 688 

McKeown, B. 677 

McKinstry, James 5.i3 

McLaughlin, T. R ____- 280 

McLeod, Hector K ____■___-_— 110 

McMurry, James F 136 

M 

Mackay. James B. ^4 

Magwire, Frank 240 

Markham, John J 434 

Marshall, Elmer E <^57 

Martin,. Edward T 351 

Martin, Frank A 402 

Martin, Hon. Frank L 331 

Mastellar. D. H 607 

Meyer, Dietrich 488 

Meyer, Eugene L 39 

Miller, Clark C '^^- 

Miller, Eugene T ^■~>- 

MiUer, William H 249 

Mills, James 317 

Mitchell, Hon. William H _48 

Moore, David A 5/9 

Moore, Rev. Daniel M., D.D 67 

Moore, Marcellus 236 

Morgan, Hon. William Y 440 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX. 



Mourn, George W 165 

Mueller, William, Jr iZS 

Myers, Dr. James 188 

Myers, John A 224 

N 

Xafzinger, John 532 

Nation. Pet 76 

Xeeley, Hon. George .\ 44 

Nelson, James 432 

Nelson, John W 604 

Nelson, Peter A 211 

Nettleton, .Adelbcrt M 229 

Neuenschwander, Henry 154 

Nicholson, George 426 

O 

Obee, Louis H 548 

Olmstead, Oscar W 175 

Oswald, Charley W 258 

P 

Parish, James W 375 

Payne, Walter W 699 

Pearson, William 148 

Pcckham, Charles W 352 

Peirce, Walter C 344 

Penney, James L 131 

Pennington, William R 544 

Peterson, Arthur I" 339 

Peterson, Charles 340 

Ploughe, Sheridan 752 

Potter, James C 617 

Potter, John W 678 

Potter, Martin H 635 

Poulton, Irvin W 448 

Presby, Wilbur F 634 

Price. Rhys K 762 

Priddle, Vincent 171 

PrigK. Hon. I-rank V 557 

Puterbaugli, Samuel G 70 

R 

Rabe, Henry 620 

Ramsey, Herbert E 223 

Rayl. Levi 482 

Ream. William B 413 

Reed. John A 92 



Reichenberger, Nicholas 745 

Reynolds. Melvin J 140 

Kexroad, William W 310 

Rice, Thomas J 376 

Richhart. David E 115 

Rickcnbrodc, Harvey J 460 

Roberts, Pierce C 126 

Rowland, John 683 

Rowland. Prof. Stewart P ' 86 

Rutherford, Gordon S 642 

Rykcr, Charles A 60 

Sallec. Garrett 167 

Sanders, John R. 407 

Scales, Herbert L.. M.D 559 

Schardein, Fred 199 

Schardein, John 181 

Scheble, Alfred R 515 

Schlaudt, Arthur H 447 

Schmitt, E. B. 294 

Schoonover, John L' 608 

Scedle, Charles 172 

Shafer. Omaha T 653 

Shea, Patrick 456 

Shirclifif, Edward E 592 

Shive, Eads E 741 

Short, George B. 164 

Shuler, William D 99 

Shuylcr, John S 5/8 

Sidlinger, Samuel H., M.D 41 

Siegrist, Arthur L 231 

Sicgrist, George W.: 524 

Siegrist, Jacob L 328 

Simmons, John S 98 

Skeen, Mrs. Elizabeth 400 

Slavens, Oscar R. 576 

Smith, Charles H 686 

Smith. E. B., A.M 706 

Smitli, Fay 467 

Smith. Isaac 254 , 

Smith. James W 228 

Smith. John F 522 

Smith. I'arke 292 

Smith. Wilson 142 

Snyder. Charles M 539 

Specht, Robert T.. Jr 443 

Spencer, Orlando 770 

Spencer, Ornaldo 770 



Biographical index. 



Sponsler, Alfred L 304 

Sponsler, William J 564 

Spront, John .. — 772 

Sprout, James H 459 

Steelier, Christian 480 

Stevens, Nelson P 701 

Stevens, Rev. William B 454 

Stewart, Richard A., M.D 767 

Streeter, Ray G 534 

Suter, Arthur H 123 

Swarens, Albert L 168 

Switzer, Alexander M 392 

T 

Taylor, Carr W 444 

Taylor, Harry H 124 

Teed, Edson L 465 

Thacher, Mowry S., M.D 679 

Thompson, Henry S 669 

Thompson, Will S 479 

Thorp, Fred W 220 

Thurman, J. S 247 

Turbush, George 159 

U 
Updegrove, Jacob B 347 

V 

Van Eman, William J 234 

Vincent, Hon. Frank 500 



W 

Waddles, Howard 753 

Wagoner, Charles E. 128 

Wall, David L 690 

Wall, Mrs. Henrietta Briggs 692 

Watson, Lawson 663 

Weesner, Fred 391 

Wells, Charles A 755 

Wespe, Oscar S 600 

Wheeler, J. O 143 

Whinery, Lorenzo V 648 

Whiteside, Houston 205 

Wiley, Francis M 665 

Wiley, Vernon M 475 

Williams, Judge Charles M 190 

Williams, Walter F 758 

Winchester, Charles S 513 

Winsor, George R 453 

W^ithroder, John 638 

Wittorfif, John 643 

Wolcott, Frank D 704 

Wooddell, Charles N 652 

Woods, Mrs. Mary M. (Lippitt)_-_ 736 

Y 

Yaggy, Edward E 88 

Young, Jacob A 118 

Yust, George H 420 

Z 

Zimmerman, George 238 

Zimmerman, John S 474 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



HON. EMERSON CAREY. 

The natural limitations of a review of this character prevent anything 
like an exhaustive or complete record of the various enterprises with which 
the Hon. Emerson Carey, of Hutchinson, this county, is connected; neither 
can there be set out here in detail the history of the present status of these 
industries or a detailed account of the very considerable improvement and 
extensive new works that have been brought into operation within the past 
few years. The Carey industries really comprise four distinct industries, 
each one being magnitudinal in its individual capacity and scope. The salt 
plants have a capacity of two thousand barrels a day and are the only plants 
of the kind in the world equipped with a quadruple-effect vacuum system for 
the manufacture of salt. The ice plant has a capacity of eighty-five tons a 
day, and there is a cold-storage space of over half a million cubic feet. The 
cold-storage plant is equipped with triplicate machinery throughout the whole 
system., as a sure safeguard in case of a breakdown. By a new process the 
salt is manufactured in enclosed vessels, which are absolutely dust proof, and 
no chemicals whatever are used to whiten or purify it. The grain is abso- 
lutely uniform and during no part of the process of manufacture is it touched 
by hand. The hundreds of barrels of salt that roll out of the city of Hutch- 
inson daily on long freight trains, tell a tale of industry that no rhetoric can 
match. The history of the Carey industries is a record of development and 
expansion, one of the most interesting in the industrial annals of Kansas. 
As it is commonly said in Hutchinson that Emerson Carey is the Carey 
industries personified, it will 1)c interesting to the reader to note at this 
point some of the salient points in the career of that energetic captain of 
industry. 

Emerson Carey was born on a farm in Grant county, Indiana, on 
January 22, 1863, son of Samuel and Nancy J. (Bundy) Carey, both natives 
of that same county, the former of whom was born on July 28. 1839, and 
the latter, April 15, 1842. Samuel Carey was the son of Robert and Susan 
Carey, pioneer residents of Grant countv. who with their children and the 

\3a) ' . 



34 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

various members of the latters' families emigrated in 1868 to Shelby comity, 
Illinois, where the remainder of their lives were spent. Nancy J. Bmidy 
was the daughter of Talbot and Jane Bundy, also pioneer residents of Grant 
count}-, who, about the year 1865, emigrated to Champaign county, Illinois, 
where they also resided the rest of their lives. 

Samuel Carey was reared amid pioneer conditions in his early Indiana 
home and was married before he and the other members of the family moved 
over, into Illinois. lie was possessed of the true instinct of the frontiers- 
man and after reaching Illinois, kept moving farther w^estward as advancing 
settlements encroached on his pioneer locations, it having been his custom to 
get a farm under cultivation, sell it and move on. Before coming to Kansas 
he had thus made his home, successively, in Shelby, Douglas and Vermilion 
counties, in Illinois, clearing up farms; his son, Emerson, sharing in all the 
vicissitudes of these numerous advances toward the continually receding 
frontier. In 1878, Samuel Carey came to this state and took up a tract of 
govermnent land in the Sterling neighborhood of Rice county, from w'hich 
he presently moved to AlcPherson county and thence, in 1880, came to Reno 
county and rented a considerable tract of land on the edge of the flourishing 
village of Hutchinson, at that time virgin prairie, in what is now known as 
the Sunflower addition to the city of Hutchinson, and for a time engaged 
in farming there. He then became associated w'ith his son, Emerson, in the 
coal and building-supply business and later assisted in the organization of 
the Carey Salt Company and in other w^ays became a prominent factor in the 
development of the industrial life of Hutchinson. Samuel Carey was by 
birthright a Quaker, but after his marriage he joined the Methodist church, 
in conformance with his wife's faith, and in this faith their children were 
reared. There were fourteen of these children, as follow^ : Almeda, who 
married V. M. Gratton and lives at Kenton, Kansas; Marrietta, who mar- 
ried Charles Nelson and lives in Hutchinson, this county; Emerson, the 
immediate subject of this biograi)hical review; Susan (deceased), who mar- 
ried Ethan Thf>mas ; Arthur, who lives in Hutchinson; Elizabetli. who mar- 
ried Isaac Palmer and lives at Halstead, Kansas; Emma, w-ho married Burrett 
Hanks and lives near Sterling, Kan.sas; Bertha, who married Harvey Craw- 
ford and lives at Stafl^ord, Kansas; Rosa, who married James Kirk, and 
lives in Texas; Edith, who married I^. Allen \\'inchester and lives in Hutchin- 
son; Eva. who married W'averly S. Albright and lives in Hutchinson; Aland, 
who married Dr. J. J. Brownlee. of Hutchinson ; Claude, who lives in Cali- 
fornia, and Albert, who died in infancv. Samuel Carev died at Hutchinson 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 35 

on March 9, 1905. His wife had preceded him to the grave about ten years, 
lier death having occurred on July 2, 1896. 

Emerson Carey was live years of age when his parents left Indiana 
and was fifteen years of age when they entered Kansas in 1878. He had 
accjuired some schooling in IlHnois and upon coming to Kansas attended 
school at Sterhng one wnnter. The next winter he attended a district school 
in McPherson county and the next winter he entered the schools at Hutchin- 
son, he being then seventeen years of age. For the first three years after 
coming to this county he assisted his father on the farm and then for two 
years he worked in Hutchinson for Mr. Hale, who was engaged in the retail 
coal business. In 1885 he started in the retail coal and building supplies 
business on his own account, under the firm style of Conn & Carey. A 
short time later the firm became Carey, Beers & Lee and thus continued 
until 1890, in which year Mr. Carey took over the business alone and so 
continued until 19 10, in wdiich year he closed it out. In the meantime, in 
1896, Mr. Carey had organized the Hutchinson Ice Company, which com- 
pany is still doing business and supplies most of the ice for that city. In 
1900, in connection with the operation of his ice plant, Mr. Carey started 
the Carey Salt Company, which began operations in a small way, but which 
has gradually gro\vn to its present enormous proportions, with a producing 
capacity of two thousand barrels a day, one of the most important industries 
in central Kansas. A man of indefatigable industry and boundless energy. 
Mr. Carey became interested in various other enterprises as the time passed 
and has become one of the most important factors in the industrial develop- 
ment of this section of the state. He was one of the chief organizers, chief 
owner and first president of the Hutchinson Interurban Railway Company; 
helped organize and was president of the Kansas Chemical Manufacturing 
Company of Hutchinson, and is also president of the Grand Saline Salt 
Company, of Texns. 

On September 26, 1888, Emerson Carey was united in marriage to Anna 
M. Puterbaugh. who w'as born near Mackinaw, Illinois, daughter of John 
and Olive Puterbaugh. who were among the earliest pioneers to settle in 
Harvey county. Kansas. They located at Newton in 1873. where for years 
Mr. Puterbaugh was engaged in the real-estate business. In 1S85 they 
moved to Hutchinson, where Mr. and Mrs. Puterbaugh spent their last days, 
the death of the former occurring in 1888 and that of the latter in 191 1. 

To Emerson and Anna M. ( Puterbaugh) Carey four children have been 
born, namely: Horbard J., born in 1892. a graduate of Cornell University, 
who assists his father in the management of the Carey Salt Company, mar- 



36 RE.XO COUXTV. KANSAS. 

ried Louise Banks, of Ithaca, New York, and lives on Xorth ^^lain street in 
Hutchinson; Charles K., 1894, for three years a student at Cornell, mar- 
ried Alice Degnan, of Jersey City, Xew Jersey, and assists his father in 
superintending- the Carey industries; William, 1902, and Emerson, Jr.. 1906. 
Mr. and Mrs. Carey are memhers of the Christian church and are acti\e in 
all good works in and ahout Hutchinson. After, his marriage in 1888 Mr. 
Carey built a home in the eleven hundred block on ]Main street and in 1898 
located at his present beautiful home at 821 North ]\Iain street, a home widely 
known for its cordial hospitality. 

Mr. Carey is a Republican and in 1908 was elected to represent this 
district in the state Senate and was re-elected in 19 12. He has never been 
a candidate for any other pul)lic office. He is a thirty-second degree ^lason. 
a member of the lilue lodge and the commandery at Hutchinson and the con- 
sistor}- at Wichita. He also is a member of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. 



JCDGE CHARLES E. BRANLXE. 

Few namts in the long list of judges and lawyers who have so notably 
served the people of Kan.sas during the past generation are better known 
or held in higher regard by the people general!}- throughout this section of 
the state than is that of the Hon. Charles E. Branine, a prominent attorney 
of Hutchinson, this county, and former judge of the ninth Kansas judicial 
district, who has been a resident of Hutchinson since the year 19 10. follow- 
ing his election to the district judg.--liip. and who Ijefore that time had 
attained wide distinction as a practitiuner at Xtwton, this state, and who, 
since resuming his practice, at the close of his honorable judicial tenure, lias 
added so conspicu(msly to his well-earned success that liis nian\- friends 
confidently predict that the future liolds for him still hi^lier lionors in the 
service of the public. 

Charles E. Branine was horn on a farm on the old grade road near St. 
IClmu. h'ayette county, Illinois, on .March 7. 1864. a .^on of Joshua and 
Margaret J. (Dewese) Branine. the former of whom was liorn in Decatur 
county, Indiana, March 7. 1834, and the latter in ( )hio in 1835. the Branines 
being of Irish ancestry and the Deweses of Erench stock. Joshua Branine 
was reared in Decatur county. Indiana, a iueml)er of oue of the pioneer 
families in that historic section of the Hoosier state, and in i860, not long 
after his marriage, emigrated to Illinois, where he bought government land 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 37 

in l''ayelte count}-, which he inipr<.\c(l and nn which he and his fami-lv lived 
until the springof 1874, at which time he hrout^ht his family to Kansas and 
settled on a (|uarter sccti^u i)i land, which he jjurchased near the i^rowinj^ 
town of Xewton. and there he li\xd untiri'893, when he .and his wife retired 
from the farm and moxed into Xewton, where their last days were sjjcnt, 
Joshua r.ranine dying in Novemher, 1808, and his widow in Novemher. 
i(;i_'. jo-lma I)ranme A\as a most ardent IveimhHcan and .-dniost- worshipped 
the memory of Ahraham Lincoln. He was more or less active in local 
politics and for years ser\'ed his township rirost acceptahly as tcrwnship trus- 
tee. He and his wife Avere devoted members of the Methodist church, in 
which he long was a class leader and of^ce- bearer; and their chddren Were 
faithfully reared in that faith. These children, ten in number, were a^ 
follow: Alary C, who married S. B. Holdeman and lives on the home farm 
in Harvey county, Kansas ; Ira, who died in infancy; George W., a pros- 
perous farmer of Kingman county, Kansas ; Elmer L., also a farmer living 
near Blackwell, Oklahoma; Charles E., the immediate sul)ject of this bio- 
graphical sketch; Sarah E., who married Everett Anderson, of Newton, 
this state, for twenty-live years- past a telegraph operator in the employ of 
the Santa Ee Railroad Company; John K., also a prosperous Kansas farmer; 
Ezra C, a prominent attorney, member of the tirm of Branine & Hart, Xew- 
ton, Kansas, who studied law in the office of his lirother, .Charles E., and 
for seventeen years, and until the time of the latter's election to the district 
judgship, was a partner of his brother; Jeanette, who married the Rev. 
AA'illiam J. Shull, a minister of the Methodist cluu-ch. now located in 
McPherson countv, this state, and' Anna J., who marrietl Charles Joseph, 
stock dealer and farmer li\-ing at Potwin, Kansas. 

Charles E. Branine was ten years of age when his parents came to 
Kansas, in 1874, and his elementary education therefore was continued in 
the district schools of Harvey county. He later attended the public schools 
in X>wton. and supplemented this course by a course of one year at" Baker 
Universit}' and one year at the University of Kansas. He then taught 
school in his home district for one year, after which he entered u])on a 
rigid course of reading in the law office of that sterling- old lawyer. J; W. 
Ady, of Newton, former United States district attorney' and an orator of 
rare power. In November, 1889, ' Charles -^E. Branine rented an office in 
Newton, took the bar examination one night.= was admitted to the bar and 
the next day in a barren little office without a dollar started in the practice 
of the nrofession in which he was destined to achieve large note. In this 
same office room, which, however, was not long as bleak and barren as at 



38 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

first, he remained nineteen years, until 1908, the year of his election to the 
district judgeship, !>} wliich he had become a lawyer of note and power 
throughout this section of the state. In 1892 Judge Branine's brother, Ezra 
C. Branine. a lad of twenty, right off the farm, entered his brother's law 
office and entered seriously the study of law. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1893 and in the next year became his brother's partner, a mutually agree- 
able connection which continued until Judge Branine assumed his judicial 
functions. 

\\'hile studying law in 1888. Judge Branine was elected justice of the 
peace of Newton township and occupied that office for two years. In 1889 
he \\as appointed United States commissioner for his district and in 1892 
was elected county attorney for Harvey county. It was during his four 
years tenure in this office that the famous Rogers record-burning case was 
brought to trial, a trial that continued for three years, being tried twice in 
the district court and twice in the supreme court, and in which Judge 
Branine figured quite prominently, his management of the prosecution gain- 
ing for him a wide reputation as a brilliant and talented lawyer. 

Judge Branine ever has been an ardent Republican, as was his father 
before him, and in 1898 served his party as county chairman. In 1900 he 
was elected to the state Senate from the thirteenth Kansas senatorial dis- 
trict, comprising Harvey and McPherson counties, and served with dis- 
tinguished ability in the up])er house of the Legislature from 1901 to 1905. 
In November. 1908, Senator Branine was elected judge of the ninth Kansas 
judicial district, comprising the three counties of Reno, Harvey and Mc- 
Pherson. and in January, 1909, ascended the bench, serving as a just and 
impartial judge until January, 1913. at which time he opened an office for 
the practice of law in the city of Hutchinson, and has been located there 
ever since, never having been out of the harness a single day. Judge Bran- 
ine enjoys the imi(|ue record of having gone directly from the practice to 
the l)ench and from the bench 1)ack to the practice without missing any 
time. In July. 1910, he had moved liis family from Newton to Hutchinson, 
in which latter city he bad built a handsome residence at 114 Twelfth 
street, west, and where he still resides, the I'ranine home being widely known 
for the fine character of its hospitality. 

On October 8. 1891. Charles E. Branine was united in marriage to 
Mary E. Rigby, who was born in Doniphan county, Kansas, daughter of 
Jonathan A. Rigby and Jane A. ( Ferguson) Rigby. the former of whom, 
now deceased, was for many years a building contractor at Concordia, this 
state, and the latter of whom, a native of Ireland, of Scotch parentage, is 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 39 

Still living. Mary E. Rigby was a school teacher at Concordia and later at 
Newton and it was there that she and Judge Branine formed the mutual 
attachment which led to their happy union. To this union two children have 
been born, Harold R., born on October lo, 1892, graduated from the New- 
ton high school in 1910 and from Kansas University in 1914 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts and elected to the Phi Beta Kappa fraternity 
and wearing the coveted key with becoming dignity, and now completing 
the law course at Kansas University, and Hazel E., born on March 10, 
1895, graduated from the H^utchinson high school in 1913, from which she 
was- admitted to Wellesley and now attending Wisconsin University at 
Madison, Wisconsin. 



EUGENE L. MEYER. 



Eugene L. Meyer, pioneer banker of Hutchinson, this county, presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of that city and prominently connected with 
numerous important enterprises hereabout, though a native P^arisian. is a 
vigorous, loyal and devoted American, having been a resident of this coun- 
try since he was four years old and during all of the active years of his life 
he has given of the best there is in him to the cause of progress in his 
adopted land. Mr. Meyer is the pioneer of all the bankers now residing in 
Reno county and has been connected with all the enterprises which the 
position of president of the oldest and largest bank in the county would 
naturally lead him into, being, therefore, a man of commanding influence 
in this community. 

The First National Bank of Hutchinson for vears has been known as 
"the oldest and largest bank in the Arkansas valle}^" It has grown as 
Kansas has grown, and when in the early years there were times of adver- 
sity the First National Bank of Hutchinson was the synonym for strength 
and character among the banking institutions of the state. It was founded 
in 1876. Its business increased as the city and community grew, and then 
it went beyond the local confines and embraced on its books a greater part 
of the banking business, either as banker or correspondent, for the local 
banks of central and southwest Kansas. Eugene L. Meyer has been ''the 
man behind the gun" since the founding of the bank, and during all of this 
time his hand has been the guiding one and his conservative and yet aggres- 
sive banking methods have done much to establish the reputation of the 



40 RENO' COUNTY, KANSAS. 

First Xational Bank. Its capital stock of two hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars and its surplus of fifty thousand dollars give it ample means with 
which to transact its extensive business, and its thorough acquaintance with 
methods, conditions and securities insures its success along all lines of activ- 
ity. The h'irst Xational Bank has made a special feature of its • -savings 
department and through that agency has encouraged many a young person 
in habits of thrift which have brought success in after years. Associated 
with Mr. Mc\cr in tlie conduct of the bank are:- Directors, George E. 
Gano. N. B. Sawyer. J'et X^ation ; Fred C. French, cashier, and E. VV. 
Clever, assistant cashier. The directors are all strong men financially ■ and 
each gives his earnest attention to the affairs of the bank. Air. French and 
the }Ounger Mr. Meyer both are trained Ijankers and are most efficient 
officers of the bank, which is always to be depended on by its depositors and 
is a source of just pride to every citizen of Flutchinson. 

Eugene L. Meyer was born in Paris, the capital of France, on April 
15, 1849. In 1853. he then being four years of age, his parents eiiiigrated 
to the United States, landing at the port of New Orleans on X^ovember 6 
of that year. Thence they proceeded up the Mississippi river, stopping at 
Rock Island. Illinois, where they remained until, June, 1857, when they 
started by steamboat fnr Kansas, arriving at Leavenworth on the loth of 
that jnonth. Thence they moved to Atchison. 

Eugene h. Meyer was eleven years old when his family located at 
Atchison. Upon completing his schooling, Mr. Meyer began the study of 
the drug Ijusiness at Leavenworth, Kansas, where he remained until 1867. 
Later he went East and was engaged as a traveling salesman for three 
years with a wholesale chemical house of New York City. It was in 
March, 1872, that he located in Hutchinson. ITe erected a modern building 
on lot Xo. 9, X(jrth Main street, and A\as engaged in the drug business here 
for twelve years. When the l\eno County State Bank was organized, in May, 
1876, he was one of the original incorporators of this l)ank and became its 
vice-president. In May. 1884, the liank was changed from a state bank to 
a national bank, and Mr. Meyer became cashier of the First Xational Bank 
of Hutchinson. Later he was elected president of ihe luuik, and has ever 
since served in that important executive capacity. 

On .\]iril 7, 1874, ICugene L. Meyer was united in marriage to Mary 
Emma Moore, daughter of Rev. D. M. Aloore, father of Presbyterianism 
in this section of Kansas, pastor of the Presbyterian church at Hutchinson 
and the first formally in.stalled minister of the gospel in that citv. In a 
biographical sketch relating to Rev. D. M. ^Moore. presented elsewhere in 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 4 I 

this volume, there is set oiit in detail further particitlars ^of the history of 
that devoted pioneer minister. To Mr. and Mrs.' Mtyer'-^\Q chiklren have 
been djorn,' Anna Marie/Edward W., Margaret E.,' Daniel E. and Louis F. 



SAMUEL H..SIDLlNGER,.iM.;D. 

During the height of the .distress caused throxighuut this section of 
Kansas by the grasshopper visitation in 1874 one of the most sympathetic 
contributors to the vast relief fund raised by. the good people o£ tlie United 
States was Dr. Samuel LL Sidliuger, an earnest young physician. of Napo- 
leon, Ohio. A year later that young physician visited this county and w^s 
so deeply impressed by the promising conditions hereabout that he located 
at Hutchinson and has lived there ever since,.. During all these intervening 
years Doctor Sidlinger has done well his part as a good citizen and kindly 
benefactor. As a pioneer practitioner he was called to, homes far remote 
from his home, often being required, to drive as , far west as Earned and 
down into tlie "panhandle" of Texas, his practice, covering a radius of one 
hundred and fifty miles out of Hutchinson. As. mayor of Hutchinson, 
Doctor Sidlinger rendered a distinctive civic. service, the period of his term 
of ofiice in the executive's chair covering a. very important period in the 
city's growth and development; and iii, all other ways he has performed 
equally well every duty required of him in either a professional or civic 
capacity. 

During the early years of his extensive practice throughout this region 
Doctor vSidlinger's faithful companion on his long and lonely drives was his 
good old horse, "Prince," a rarely intelligently animal, known all over the 
country for miles about. The Doctor and his friends used to declare that 
"Prince" possessed more than human. intelligence .and on "Prince's" un- 
erring sense of, direction the Doctor relied, implicitly while driving through 
blizzards or in the, black hours of the night over the trackless and unfenced 
plains. Faithful old "Prince" lived to be twenty-t^^o years old and died 
full of honors. "Prince'' was an animal of fine mettle and in his younger 
days had won honors on the race track and blue ribbons at the horse shows, 
but his enduring claini, to distinction was. based upon the faithful .service he 
for years rendered in, behalf of suffering" humanity hereabout in the service 
of his gentle, master, ihe coiiscient,ious pioneer physician. In those days 
Doctor Sidlinger was kept constantly "on the go," as the narration of the 



42 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

following- incident will show : For weeks the Doctor had not been able to 
take a Sunday dinner at home. One Sunday morning, by rare chance, he 
was at home and the indications were fair that he should be permitted to 
have a day of relaxation. His wife promised to prepare for him a dinner 
that should include all the "fixin's" he liked best and happily set about 
getting up a meal that should reward him for the many he had missed. 
Just as he was about to sit down to the lx)unteously laden tal:)le the Doctor 
was called to the bedside of a patient across the river. Hitching up "Prince" 
he dashed off on his mission of mercy, assuring Mrs. Sidlinger that he would 
be back v»-ithin the hour. Before he had concluded that first call a call came 
to him from another bedside and thus, one after another, until eight days 
had elapsed before the Doctor reached home again, he and "Prince" having 
been kept going night and day meanwhile. 

Samuel H. Sidlinger was born at Massillon. in Stark county, Ohio, 
June 23, 1845, son of John and Orsilla (Weible) Sidlinger, the former of 
whom was born in the kingdom of Bavaria and the latter near the city of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. John Sidlinger had been well trained in his 
native country to the trade of carriage-maker, and at the age of eighteen 
came to the United States. He had little difficulty in finding remunerative 
employment in this country and presently found himself at Massillon, Ohio, 
where for nine years he was engaged as foreman in the machine shop of 
the Partridge & Russell Threshing Machine Company. He then went to 
Xapoleon. Ohio, where he established a wagon- and carriage-making shop, 
in his later years, however, retiring to a farm at Liberty Center, six miles 
from Xapoleon. where his last days were spent. John Sidlinger was a fine 
baritone singer and an expert musician and during the Civil War served 
as a member of the regimental band of the Fourteenth Regiment. Ohio A^ol- 
untecr Infantry. He and his wife were the parents of six children, namely: 
Edward, now deceased, who for years was a well-known druggist at Hutch- 
inson, this c'lunty; John, also deceased, who for years was a clerk in his 
brother's store at Hutchinson; Samuel H., the immediate subject of this 
biographical sketch ; George, now deceased, who was foreman in a factory 
at Napoleon, Ohio; V\'illiatn. a wealthy retired farmer and large landowner 
of Napoleon. Ohio, anrl Ida, wlm married Amos S. Hess, of the Hutchinson 
Nrii's. 

Samuel H. Sidlinger was nine years of age when his parents moved 
from Massillon to Napoleon and his schooling was thus divided between the 
schools of those two towns. At the age of ten he entered upon the study 
of music and became a proficient performer upon the clarinet, cornet and 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 43 

the violin. AVhen sixteen years old, after two unsuccessful attempts to 
enlist for service during the Civil War, l>eing rejected on account of his 
youth, he succeeded in getting in as a musician and for eighteen months 
served as a member of the regimental band of the Fourteenth Ohio Infan- 
try. He then enlisted in the hospital corps of the One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth Regiment. Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in which he served until the close 
of the war, being mustered out on June 30, 1865. Upon the conclusion of 
his military service this young soldier returned to his home at Napoleon and 
for nearly nine years was engaged there as a clerk in a drug store, mean- 
while giving his serious attention to the reading of medical literature. He 
then entered the medical department of the University of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor and was graduated from that institution in the spring of 1874, with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Thus admirably equipped for the prac- 
tice of his profession, Doctor Sidlinger returned home and opened an office 
at Napoleon and was engaged in practice there for six months. It was dur- 
ing this time that the great grasshopper scourge turned the attention of the 
whole country to the sufferings of the victims of that visitation in Kansas, 
and there was no more sympathetic contributor to the relief of those suffer- 
ers than Doctor Sidlinger. That fall Doctor Sidlinger decided to locate in 
the West. At Hutchinson he found what seemed to him the very spot he 
was seeking and in 1875 he settled in the struggling little village on the 
plain and established a permanent office, an exercise of judgment he never 
has regretted. Two years later, in 1877, the Doctor's brother, Edward 
Sidlinger, joined him at Hutchinson to take charge of the E. L. Meyer drug 
store and in 1882 engaged in the drug business in that city on his own 
account, establishing his store in a one-story brick building on the site of 
the present Sidlinger drug store. The Doctor from the first was a silent 
partner in the business and later erected the two-story building in which the 
store long has been located. 

From the very beginning of his residence in Hutchinson, Doctor Sid- 
linger gave his most earnest attention to local political affairs. In those 
days he was what was called an "Abe Lincoln black Republican" and he 
never has departed from the faith. He was one of the most energetic pro- 
moters of civic pride in the new town and for four terms rendered valuable 
service as a member of the city council. He then was elected mayor and 
during his two terms of service in that capacity Hutchinson's street? were 
graded and the sidewalk's brought to a level, the mayor in other ways also 
striving to arouse a higher degree of civic consciousness in the minds of the 
settlers. Of course, it was as a physician that his great service was ren- 



44 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

dered, and a record of that service is Avritten on the hearts of all survivors 
of that fine generation of pioneers who ni.-ulc possible the present high stag'e 
of ■ development ui this favored" section of the state. In 1875, shortly after 
locating at llutchinson, Doctor Sidlinger was appointed local physician for 
the Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company and has ever since been retained 
in that position. 1 le also has been physician for the ?\Iissouri Pacific Rail- 
road Coni])any ever since that road reached Hutchinson. In 1913 he practi- 
cally retired from his private practice, but continues to maintain the liveliest 
interest in local affairs. ■- 

On June 30. iSoS. Dr. Samuel H. Sidlinger was united in marriage to 
Liicinda Welty. wb.o was burn at Xew Philadelphia, Ohio, daughter of John 
and Sarah Welty, the former of whom was a farmer who later moved to 
Newton, Jasper count}-. Iowa, where he and his wife spent their last days. 
To this union one child was born, a daughter, Lila, who married Fred A. 
Innes and li\es in Oklahoma. In 1875, the year he located in Hutchinson, 
Doctor Sidlinger l)ui]t a comfortable brick house at the corner of First and 
Poplar streets, and there he and his wife still make their home, being very 
pleasantly situated. Tlie Doctor is a Knight Templar, a past eminent com- 
mander of the commandery at Hutchinson ; a past worshipful master of the 
Masonic blue lodge and ])ast liigh priest of the local chapter. Royal Arch 
Masons, and thrice illustrious master of his council. He also is a charter 
member of the Plutchinson lodge of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and in the affairs of these several organizations takes a w^arm interest. 



HOX. GEORGE A. VFFI.FA; 

The life of former Congressman George A. Neeley, president of the 
i-"armers National Bank of Hu.tchin<on, this county, and a ]M-ominent lawyer 
of that city, has been ;i busy "wv. Tlmngh -till a com])arati\elv \-()ung man, 
he has accomplished much and hi.s friend> conridentl}- predict for him even 
greater accompli.shmcnts. Flis defeat for election to the I'nited States 
Senate in 19 14 was accomplished by so close a niaiL^in that there are not a 
few persons, even among tho.se who were politically opposed to his candi- 
dacy, who insist that had certain allegations of election frauds been fully 
investigated it would have been found thai be had lieen trium]!]iant1v elected 
to a seat in the greatest deliberative body in the world. 

George A. Neeley wa*^ born in the hamlet of Detroit. Pike countv. 



KliNO COUNTY, ICANSAS. 45 

Illinois, on August i, 1879, son of (ieorge M. and Mary Elizabeth (Ste- 
phens) Neeley, the former of whom was Jjorn wilhin one hundred yards of 
that spot on March 1, 1839, and the latter in Iowa, August 15, 1851, both 
of whom are still living. George M. Neeley is the son of Henry and Mar- 
garet Neeley, the former a native of Tennessee and the latter of Illinois. 
Henry Neeley was an early, settler in I'ike county, Illinois, and bought a 
large tract, of land on which he later laid out the town of Detroit. He was 
one of the most inliuential men in that section of the state of Illinois and 
became quite well-to-do. He was an active member of the Methodist church 
and was prominent in all good works thereabout. Upon the death of his 
wife, in 1846. he married a^ain and lived to a ripe old age. One of his 
brothers was a soldier during the Mexican War.,'' Mary Elizabeth (Ste- 
phens) Neeley is the daughter of Elijah M. and Catherine Stephens, the 
former a native of Kentucky and the latter of Iowa. Elijah Stephens left 
Kentucky during the days of his early manhood and went to Missouri, 
where he became a pioneer physician. Upon the breaking out of the Ci\il 
War, he enlisted in the Union army and during the latter part of the war 
was made surgeon of his regiment. ■ At the battle of .Wilson's Creek he was 
seriously wounded, but recovered and lived many- years of usefulness, his 
death occurring in 1904, he then having been eighty-three years of age. 
His widow, whom all the family lovingly call "Kittie," is still living at 
Carl Junction, Missouri. 

(ieorge M. Neeley, father of the subject of this biographical review, was 
bereft of his mother by death when he was seven years of age and he was 
taken into the home of the Defontaine family and grew to manhood on an 
Illinois farm. He then went to Texas, where he spent eighteen }-ears as a 
cotton planter and broker, at the end of w^hich time he returned to Detroit, 
Illinois, where he engaged in merchandising until 1884, in which year he 
went to Joplin, Missouri, where he remained until 1893, after which he 
went to Oklahoma, where he homesteaded a considerable tract and is now 
Hving, very comfortably situated, at Wellston, Oklahoma. During the Civil 
War, George M. Neeley served as a soldier in the Confederate army, a 
member of Company D, Third Arizona Regiment, which was recruited in 
northwestern Texas. He served three years and nine months, among the 
notable engagements in which he participated having been the battle of Red 
River, and he was wounded twice. A.t the close of the war. under the mis- 
taken apprehension that Confederate soldiers were to be shot by the Federal 
government, he departed for Mexico and remained over the l^order for two 
years before learning that it would be perfectly safe for him to return. 



46 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Upon returning to Texas, he took the oath of allegiance and presently was 
appointed county judge. Upon the expiration of that term of office he was 
appointed United States marshal for the eastern district of Texas. Upon 
his return to his boyhood home in Illinois, he entered actively into the politi- 
cal life of that community, as a Democrat, and served as a justice of the 
peace much of the time during his later residence there. George M. Neeley 
was twice married. By his tirst wife, who was a McKeever, he had two 
children,-. Albert ]\Iarion, who died in Texas in 1883, at the age of twenty 
years, and Emma, who married John D. Howard, a merchant of Joplin, 
Missouri, where she is still living. To his union with Alary Elizabeth 
Stephens, four children were born, namely : Lillie, who is living with her 
parents at W'ellston. Oklahoma; George .\., the immediate subject of this 
sketch; Elva, v.ho married John Dunham and lives at W'ellston, Oklahoma, 
and Lola, who married James A. Dunham and lives in the same city. 

George A. Xeeley was but five years of age when his parents moved 
to Joplin and A\as thirteen years of age when they moved from that city to 
Oklahoma, his elementary education therefore having been gained in the 
common schools of both Missouri and Oklahoma. This he supplemented by 
a course in the Southwestern Baptist University at Jackson, Tennessee, after 
which he entered the law school of the University of Kansas, from which 
he was graduated in 1904. Prior to that time he had taught school for four 
years in the schools of Oklahoma and had likewise been sedulously engaged 
in the private study of law at home. Following his graduation, in 1904. 
Mr. Xeeley opened an office for the practice of his profession at Wellston 
and remained there one year. He then married and moved to Chandler, 
county seat of his home county, where he entered the law office of Malcolm 
D. Owen, as junior partner, a mutually agreeable connection which con- 
tinued for three years and six months, or until the time of his decision to 
locate in Hutchinson. Upon going to Hutchinson, Mr. Xeeley entered the 
law office of Carr W. Ta\lnr, with whom he was engaged in practice for 
two years and six months, at the end of which time he opened an office of 
his own. 

At a special election held on January i. 1912, George A. Xeeley was 
elected to represent this district in Congress, to fill the unexpired term of 
Congressman Edmund H. Madison, and in Xovember following was elected 
for the full succeeding term, at that election receiving the greatest plurality 
ever given a candidate for Congress in the state of Kansas. Congressman 
Xeeley arrived at Washington to fill out Mr. Madison's unexpired term on 



REi\0 COUNTY, KANSAS. 47 

January 29, 1912, the fiftieth anniversary of the admission of Kansas to the 
Union of states. Upon being presented by one of his colleagues to receive 
the oath of office in the House, he was pleasantly greeted by Speaker Clark, 
who, gravely addressing the House, said that he had two important events 
to announce: 'The taking of the oath of office by the second Democratic 
congressman ever elected from the state of Kansas; and that on the fiftieth 
anniversary of the admission of his state," which announcement was re- 
ceived with much applause on the part of the assembled representatives. 
Representative Neeley took a very active part in the deliberations of the 
Cougress and, for a new member, received some very important committee 
appointments, a mark of distinction which his friends in his home district 
properly appreciated. As a member of the celebrated Pujo "money trust" 
investigation committee, he assisted materially in that extensive inquiry and 
helped wTite the exhaustive report of the committee. He also was a mem- 
ber of the important committee on banking and currency, which framed the 
federal reserve act, and it was he who led the fight both in the committee 
and in the majority caucus for the inclusion of the "agricultural credits" 
clause in that act. In 19 14 Representative Neeley received the nomination 
in the state-wide primaries as the Democratic candidate for the United 
States Senate in this state, and in the memorable election of that fall, in 
which more than fi\e hundred and twenty-six thousand votes were cast, he 
failed of election by the narrow margin of three thousand eight hundred 
and ninety-four votes, a circumstance which caused even some of those 
who had most earnestly opposed his candidacy to admit that if certain 
alleged election frauds had been cleared up he would have been found to 
have been elected. In January, 19 12, Mr. Neeley formed a partnership, 
for the practice of law, with A. Clare Mallory, which partnership still exists. 
In 19 1 5 he was made president of the Farmers National Bank of Hutchin- 
son, which was organized in that year, and is now serving in that capacity, 
and is also vice-president of the Farmers Hail Insurance Company, having 
its principal office at Hutchinson. 

On Monday, October 31, 1904, George A. Neeley was united in mar- 
riage to Eva AI. Hostetler, who was born in Bedford, Indiana, daughter of 
Jonathan and Martha Hostetter. Jonathan Hostetter, whose wife died on 
December 26, 1912, is a veteran of the Civil War and for many years was 
a prominent merchant in Indiana. He is now living at Mulvane, this state. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Neeley two children have been born, George Newland, 
born on August 5, 1905, who died on December 21, 1907. and Eva ]\Iar- 



48 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

garet, born on February \j. 191 1. Mr. and ^Frs. Neeley are members of 
the First Christian church at Hutchinson and Mr. Neeley is a member of 
the Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, the Benevolent and Protective 
Order. of Elks and the ^^lodern Woodmen. 



HOX. WILLIAM H. .MITCHELL. 

The Hon. Wilham H. Mitchell, former member of the Kansas state 
Legislature, a prominent retired stock farmer of Huntsville township, this 
county, now living at 411 Seventh avenue, east, in the city of Hutchinson, is 
a native-born Hoosier, a fact of which he never has ceased to be proud, 
though for many years he has been a stanch and loyal Kansan. He was 
lx)rn on a farm near the city of Bedford, in Lawrence county, Indiana, 
March 8. 1S44, son of ^^"illiam C. and Alary J. (Francis) Alitchell, the 
former a native of Kentucky and the latter of Indiana, whose last days 
were spent on their Indiana farm. 

\\'illiam C. Mitchell was the son of James and Nancy (Campbell) 
Mitchell, the former of whom was born in Pennsylvania on October 14, 1767, 
and died in Monroe county, Indiana, June 9, 1846. James Campbell and 
wife reared six sons and three daughters, all of whom save one daughter 
married and. reared families of their own. One son, Joseph, removed to 
Iowa about 1850 and there reared a large family, one of his sons, James, 
being a veteran of the Civil War. Another son, George, also removed to 
Iowa in an early day and two of his sons, Thomas and \\'illiam Oscar, were 
veterans of the Civil War. The latter became a state senator in Iowa and 
was twice elected to the Legislature. Another grandson of James ^Mitchell 
became one of the leading lawyers of Ottumwa, Iowa, and was elected to 
the bench. W illiam C. Mitchell was born in Kentucky in 1807 and died in 
Indiana on July 30, 1885. ^'^^ married in Indiana, Elizabeth Francis, and 
to that union six children were burn, namely: Elizabeth IM.. who married 
I. H. Waynick and reared a large family; Mrs. Alartha A. Norris, who 
lived at Charlton, Iowa; David T.. who became a lieutenant-colonel during 
the Civil ^^"a^, later moving to Kansas, where he became one of the organ- 
izers of Neosha county in 1865; later moving to Columbia, Alissouri; i^Irs. 
Nancy A. Douglas, a resident of Charlton, Iowa; William H., the subject of 
this review, and James F., who remained in Indiana, a dealer in lumber. The 
mother of these children died in 1848 and William C. Mitchell married, sec- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 49 

ondly, Mary J. Erwin and to that union were born four sons and one daugh- 
ter. Two of these sons, Samuel E. and Lewis, remained in IncHana; George 
settled near Augusta, Oklahoma; Bennett, the first Ijorn, died when he was 
three years old, and Katie, the only daughter, died at the age of five years. 
Mrs. Mary J. Mitchell survived her husband about one year. 

William H. Mitchell was reared on the paternal farm in Indiana and 
grew up with very little schooling, the whole number of his days in school 
aggregating less than a year. On July 9, 1861, he then being but seventeen 
years of age, he enlisted for service in the Union army during the Civil War 
in Company A, Twenty-fourth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and 
served for three years with the Army of the AVest, being mustered out at 
the end of his term of enlistment, July 31, 1864, at Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 
His health being somewhat broken, Mr. Mitchell did not re-enlist. He 
•returned to his home in Indiana and in 1865 went to Iowa, where he entered 
school, but soon withdrew, on account of defective vision, and returned in 
the spring of 1866 to Indiana and the same year came to Kansas, where he 
joined his brother. Col. David T. Mitchell, in Neosha county. 

In August, 1867, Mr. Mitchell again returned to Indiana, where he was 
married and in the following month he and his bride, together with his 
brother, James F., a brother-in-law, H. C. Mallott, and John Stone and wife, 
drove through with four "prairie schooners" to Kansas and pre-empted 
claims twenty miles south of Humboldt. In the fall of 1869 Mr. Mitchell's 
wife died and he took his two small children to Indiana, where he remained 
for a couple of years farming. In the fall of 1871 he married another 
Indiana girl and returned to his Neosha county homestead. In 1873, on 
account of his wife's failing health, he returned again to Indiana, where he 
.remained until 1884, in which year he returned to Kansas and settled in 
Reno county. He bought of John Puterbaugh the old Wampler timber 
claim of a quarter of a section in LIuntsville township and later one hundred 
■and twenty acres south of that, and went in quite extensively for raising 
cattle. Later he engaged extensively in the breeding of purebred Poland 
China hogs and became quite successful as a stockman. In 1906 he retired 
from the active labors of the ranch and moved to Hutchinson, where he still 
;live,s, though retaining the ownership of his valuable farms. 

Mr. Mitchell has taken an active interest in civic affairs ever since com- 
ing to Kansas and has been conspicuously prominent in the various move- 
ments designed to better the conditions of farm life and promote the interests 
of farmers generally. For twelve successive years he: was president of the 
(4a) ■- ■ ■• - ■ 



50 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

school board of Hunts ville township and served for two terms as justice of 
the peace there. During his residence in Xeosha county he served as town- 
ship trustee. ]\Ir. Mitchell was secretary of the first Greenback party county 
organization effected in Lawrence county, Indiana, and attended numerous 
district and state conventions of that historic party. He joined the Grange 
in Indiana and was secretary of his local organization. He also was lecturer 
for the Patrons of Husbandry until he left Indiana in 1884. When the 
Farmers Alliance was formed in Kansas Mr. Mitchell took an active part in 
the aft'airs of that organization and was engaged as countv lecturer for the 
same, in that capacity attending all the national conventions of the alliance. 
\\'hen the Farmers Alliance was merged wath the Populist party Mr. Mitchell 
took an active part in the aft'airs of the latter party and was chairman of the 
first Populist convention held in Reno county and was later nominated by 
that party as its nominee for representative in the state Legislature from the 
seventy-third representative district. In the fall of 1890 he was elected 
representative and served during the ensuing session of the Kansas General 
Assembly. In 1892 he was re-elected, but his opponent, W. J. Dix, con- 
tested the election on the ground of a controversy over boundary of the 
district. Mr. Mitchell took his seat in the House, but a decision of the 
supreme court on the issue of the disputed boundary automatically unseated 
him. During his service in the Legislature ]\Ir. Alitchell was one of the 
members of the committee appointed to act in the matter of charges in the 
impeachment of Theodosius Bodkin, a matter of much political moment in 
that day; which charges 'Sir. Bodkin successfully resisted. ^^Ir. ^Mitchell 
was one of the committee of investigation that investigated the Bodkin mat- 
ter and was also one of the impeachment board that tried him. After the 
subsidence of the Populist movement 'Sir. ^^litchell remained absolutelv inde- 
pendent in his political views, but since 1912 has regarded himself as a 
progressive Democrat. 

When the American Society of Equity was organized in the early part 
of the past decade for the purpose of securing to the farmers of the country 
a more equitable share in the profits of their products, Mr. IMitchell took a 
prominent part in the promotion of the movement and was made president 
of the local branch of the society and a delegate to the state and national 
meetings of the same. He was a delegate to the national convention of the 
society in Indianapolis in 1907. when the Everett faction was so vehemently 
resisted. Mr. Mitchell was made the spokesman of the opposing faction 
and when the minority delegates finally withdrew he was made chairman of 
the ''rump'' convention and was elected president of the National Farmers 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 5! 

Society of Equity, organized to give new life to the demands of the real 
farmers composing the same. He served as president (jf the new society 
for one year and was then elected vice-president and director of the organ- 
ization, a position he held until 19 14, when, at llie national convention lield 
at Omaha, he declined to serve any longer, on account of his increasing years 
and the state of his health, though he still retains active mcmhershi}) in the 
society. In 1914 Mr. Mitchell was elected vice-president of the American 
Farmers Federation (a federation of all the societies founded for a like 
purpose) and is still serving in that capacity. In 191 3. Mr. Mitchell was 
appointed administrator of the Samuel Adamson estate and much of his 
time since then has l)een occupied in administering the estate. ^^Ir. Mitchell 
is a past commander of Joe Hooker Post No. 17, Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, at Hutchinson, and for some time has been agent, by appointment of 
county commissioners, in a movement to secure the placing oi proper head- 
stones at the graves of all deceased soldiers of the Civil War, the govern- 
ment having signified a willingness to furnish the stones if the various 
counties will provide for the erection of the same. Mr. Mitchell was at one 
time President of the Indiana Old Settlers Society of Kansas and served for 
three years and has been associated with it since its organization. 

In September, 1867, in Indiana, William H. Mitchell was united in mar- 
riage to Amanda Wood, who died on September 29, 1869, leaving three 
children, Olla E., born on June 22. 1868, now a farmer living at Carmen, 
Oklahoma, and Willie and Jesse W., twins, the former of whom died when 
three months old and the latter of whom is now^ living in Law^rence county, 
Indiana. On September 26, 1871, Mr. Mitchell married, secondly, Nancy 
L. Stipp, who was born in Lawrence county, Indiana, and to this union ten 
children have been born, as follow^: Cadda A., who married J. W. Spilman 
and lives at Valley Falls, Kansas; Virgil W. and Edward (twins), the former 
of whom is a farmer living near Abbey ville, this county, and the latter of 
whom died when four months old; Michael F. and David P>. (twins), the 
former a farmer living twelve miles west of Hutchinson on the Griffin farm, 
and the latter manager of the White Lumber Company at Fowler, this state; 
Hattie M., a graduate nurse at Los Angeles, California; Mattie E., who 
married J. Frank Rush, a fireman in the employ of the Atchison, Topeka 
& Santa Fe railroad, with headquarters at Newton, this state; Lottie P., 
who married Joseph Vazis, a mechanic, living at wSt. Louis, Missouri ; James 
L., who operates his father's farm in Huntsville township, and Grace P., who 
married Elliot H. Chappel and lives in ?Tutchinson. 



52 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

I'KED \V. COOK, D. \'. S. 

Dr. ■ Fred W. Cuuk, wlio, since April 15, 1914, has been mayor of 
Hutchinson, and for many years has been actively engaged in the practice 
of veterinary surger\ in Hutchinson, is one of the most talented members 
of his profession in the state, and has done as much, perhaps, to elevate its 
standard of excellence as any other man in the profession. 

Fred W. Cook was born in Worcestershire, England, May i, 1858. 
His parents were Joseph and Martha Cook, who were also natives of that 
coimtry. His father was a landed proprietor. In connection with his agri- 
cultural pursuits he also followed the profession of a veterinary surgeon 
at Bredon, England, where his death occurred in 1876. Two daughters of 
the family came to America with h'red W. They are: Annie, the wife of 
J. O. Shuler, a farmer of Reno county, and Laura, the wife of J. C. Bad- 
deley, assistant manager of the Morton Salt Company, and a member of the 
Hutchinson school board. Later three other sons of the family came to 
America, namely: Walter, a Imilding contractor of Hutchinson; Arthur, a 
farmer of Reno county, and I'rank. a blacksmith of Hutchinson. George, 
another member of the family, still makes his home in Bredon, England, 
where he follows the occupation of a building contractor. 

The subject of this sketch received a liberal education in the public 
schools of the neighborhood in. \\liich he spent his early years. He grad- 
uated in the Blue school of his nalixe town, after a five-year course, at the 
age of seventeen years. He then entered an apprenticeship in scientific horse- 
shoeing, and three years later, after thoroughly mastering the art. he turned 
his attention to agricultural pursuits and stock raising on a farm of two 
hundred acres. He continued to devOte his time ruid attention to this luisi- 
ness until 1881. In that )'ear he left the land of his birth and turned his 
face toward the New World. Tiie older settled states did not appeal to him 
as a desirable place in which to locate and he did not tarry long there. His 
arrival in America was at a })eriod wlun tliere was a great migration towards 
the western states where lands were chea]) ;md the o])poriunities for industry 
and enterprise to win success in tluir development. Ivansas was one of the 
states in which these opportunities were alTnnkd and tn ihis state Mr. Cook 
directed his steps. He found a desirable location in Grant tnwnshi];, Reno 
county, where he purchased a (juarter section of land and at once began its 
cultivation. He gave special attention to the raising of fine .stock, princi- 
pallv, Hereford and Shorthorn cattle, and Cleveland Bay and Hamiltonian 
horses. He followed this line of industry for three years with good sue- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 53 

cess. In tlic fall of i<S85 he entered the Ontario \"eterinary Collei^e. of 
Toronto, Canada, where he eonipleted a three-year course, graduating on 
March :;o, i(S8tS, with the degree of Doctor of W'terinary Surgery. 

After his graduation Uoctor Cook returned to llutchinson and hesran 
the practice of his chosen profession, in which he has met with exceptional 
and merited success. His increasing practice soon demonstrated the need 
of a suitahle phice for the treatment of suhjects and, in 1801. he erected 
his present infirmary which is equipped witli all modern appliances and 
conveniences known to the profession, for the treatment of all classes of 
disease, and for performing various operations required in the profes.sion. 
This, without doubt, is the best equipped institution of the kind in the state, 
and in his chosen profession Doctor Cook stands second to none in the 
W'est. During the past twenty years he has also dealt extensively in high 
grade horses, buying and selling locally, or shipping to outside points, and 
in this business he is meeting with an ecfual degree of success; his well kno\vn 
reliability in all trade transactions having gained for him the confidence of 
the entire public. 

In June, i<^83, Fred W. Cook was married at Astoria, Illinois, to Afin- 
nie Oviatt. a daughter of Henry and Alary (Jones) Oviatt. The father 
was a nati\'e of New York, and, during the W^ar of the Rebellion, served 
as a 1)rave and faithful soldier in defence of the flag. One daughter and 
one son have brightened and blessed this union. Alary Pauline, l)orn in 
Hutchinson, July 10, 1894, graduate of Hutchinson high school, attended 
Redlands Universitv, in California, one year, studying vocal and instru- 
mental music, and is now at the State Normal School, at Emporia, Kansas, 
studying music and domestic science. William Lawrence, born in Hutchin- 
son, February 29, igoS. named for the eminent Baptist divine. Doctor 
Lawrence, of Chicago. 

For many years Doctor Cook served as president of the Kansas State 
Veterinary Association, and is a member of the Missouri \^alley X'eterinary 
Association. Li 1888 he was state veterinary surgeon of western Kansas. 
The cause of education has also found in him a stanch and abiding friend. 
For ten or twelve years he served as a member of the board of the Reno 
high school, at Nickerson, and for eighteen years as a member of the school 
board of Hutchinson. For two years he was president of the school board, 
and for manv vears was chairman of the Imilding committee in charge of 
the construction of new 1)uildings. 

Doctor Cook devoted his best efforts to secure the establishment of the 
First Baptist church in Hutchinson, and during his entire residence here 



54 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

has served as a member of the official board : for twenty-three years he has 
served as superintendent of the Sunday school and a teacher of a Bible 
class in the school. 

In March, 19 14. Doctor Cook was nominated as a candidate for mayor 
of Hutchinson, on the law enforcement, or reform ticket, and was elected 
in April of that year, defeating Lincoln S. Davis, the opposing candidate. 
He was re-elected in .\i)ril. i<)i5. with James P. Harsha as the opposmg 
candidate. In the administration of this office he has followed the same 
ideals that have characterized his professional and business dealings. As 
a public official, as well as a private citizen, he enjoys the confidence and 
esteem of the community. He has a beautiful home at 215 Second avenue, 
east, where he and his family have resided for many years. 



THE CITIZENS BAXK OF HUTCHIXSOX. 

Amung the substantial and well-established financial institutions of this 
part of the state of Kansas few. if any, have a wider connection or a solider 
foundation than has the Citizens Bank of Hutchinson. Organized in 1892. 
the Citizens Bank was the natural outgrowth of conditions existing at that 
time in Hutchinson and vicinity and from its very inception has been a suc- 
cess, filling, as it did then, and still does, a very vital necessity in the com- 
mercial and general business life of this community. Founded l)y men of 
high purpose, keen business sagacity and of unquestioned financial solidity 
and responsiijility, its stockholders and directorate including the names of 
some of the best-known men in the local business world, the Citizens Bank 
of Hutchinson inspired the confidence of the community from the very 
moment it opened its doors, and that confidence has ne\er been abused in 
any fashion by the directing heads of the sound old institution. 

Previous to the time of the organization of the bank, in 1892. James 
B. Mackav. a banker who had moved to Hutchinson from Illinois durins: the 
later eigiities. he having had a bank in a small town near Galesburg. had 
been engagetl in the banking business at Hutchinson and when the need of 
a new bank became apparent to him he associated with himself James Duke- 
low, T. ]•'. Leidigh. Dr. I-'red W. Cook and Frank P. Hettinger and organ- 
ized the Citizens Bank. They bought the building at Second and ]\lain, 
which is still occupied by the Ijank, from the old Bank of Commerce, paying 
about ten thousand dollars for the building and site. The bank started 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 55 

small. There was probably not more than twelve thousand dollars cai>ital 
stock to start with. It is characteristic of Mr. Alackay that wlu-n the new 
bank showed a loss the hrst year (ir two, not making expenses, he paid from 
his own pocket to cover the deliciency. telling his colleagues that he was 
responsible for getting them into it and that he would stand the loss. But 
the bank soon got onto its feet and was going good. It prospered from 
year to year and is now one of the strongest financial institutions in central 
Kansas. Mr. Mackay remained in active charge of the bank as ])resident 
and cashier for many years, his fine conservatism and sound judgment, 
together with his wide knowledge of financial conditions liereabout, unde- 
niably adding much to the solid success achieved by the institution which 
he thus served. A few years ago, when the business became so heavy as to 
require it, Charles M. Branch was called from the First National Bank to 
become cashier of the Citizens Bank, and in 1915, when Mr. Mackay was 
forced to leave the bank and take a season of rest in California, Mr. Branch 
stepped into his place as acting president. In the middle of January, 19 16, 
Mr. Mackay definitely retired from the presidency of the bank and at his 
suggestion and request Mr. Branch was elected president to succeed him. 

James B. Mackay is a native of Scotland, having been born in the city 
of Edinburgh. Some time after coming to this country he located in Iowa, 
where he was engaged in the banking business for some time, later going 
to Illinois, where he continued his banking business until his removal to 
Hutchinson, as above noted. Mr. Mackay has long occupied a high posi- 
tion in the business life of this c'ommunity. He and his wife have a charm- 
ing home at 725 Washington street, north, in Hutchinson. The veteran 
banker continues his interest in the bank and will remain on the official 
staff as vice-president. 

Charles M. Branch, president of the Citizens Bank of Hutchinson, may 
properly be regarded as a pioneer of Reno county, he having been fourteen 
years of age when he came to this county with his parents in 1873. He 
has been a witness of the wonderful development of this section of the state 
from the very earliest da3^s of its settlement and has ever done his full part 
in the promotion of that development, long having been regarded as one of 
the most active factors in the ])usiness life of the community. Charles ^l. 
Branch is a native of Iowa, having been born in the town , of Mnton. in 
Benton county, that state, September 27, 1859, son of Phineas C. and Sarah 
(Chapin) Branch, the former of whom was born at Aliddleton, near Rut- 
land, Vermont, in 1824, and the latter in 1826 in ^Massachusetts, who later 



56 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

became pioneers of this coiint\- and Imih of whom ched in Hutchinson, to 
which cit_\- they had retired from the farm in their declining days. 

Phineas C. Branch was fourteen years old when his parents emigrated 
from \'ermont to Illinois, the family settling on a homestead farm in that 
state, where the parents spent the remainder of their lives. Phineas C. 
Branch liecame a dentist in Illinois and in 1S55 moved to Vinton, Iowa, 
where he engaged in the practice of his profession and was thus engaged 
until he came with his family to Keno county in 1873. During the Civil 
War. ?^lr. Branch enlisted as a pri\ate in Company G, Thirteenth Regiment, 
Iowa \ olunteer Infantry, with w hich regiment he served for three years. 
In the fall of 1873 he gave up his practice as a dentist, desiring a change 
to outdoor life, and having been attracted by the glowdng reports then pro- 
ceeding from this section of Kansas, came to Reno county. He entered a 
soldier's homestead and a timber claim in Med ford township and there 
established his home. He enlarged his original holdings by the purchase 
of two hundred and fi irty acres additional in Medford township and when 
he retired from the farm and moved to Hutchinson, in 1901, was regarded 
as one of the most substantial citizens of his part of the county. He was 
a stanch Republican in earlier life, l)ut later became an ardent Prohibitionist 
and was an earnest laborer in the cause during the height of the anti-saloon 
campaign in this state. He and his wife were devout members of the Bap- 
tist church and were counted among the leaders in all good works in their 
neighborhood. But two chilih-en were born to them, sons both, Charles M. 
and Andrew C, tlie latter of whom is living at Sterling, Kansas. Mrs. 
Branch died in IQ02, the year following her removal to Hutchinson, and 
Mr. Branch survived her about ten years, his death occurring in 191 2. 

Charles M. I'rancli wa^ about lnurteen years old when he came to Reno 
county with his parents and his schooling, which was interrupted by his 
removal from \"inton. was resumed in the district school in the neighbor- 
hood of his i)ioneer home in Medtoril lownvliip, which he sui)i)lemente(l by 
one vear of attendance in the iiigh school at Sterling. In 1886 he w^as 
engaged as a teacher in liic hclujols at Sterh'ng .and was thus engaged for 
three years, at the end of whicli time ho entered the serxice of the Rice 
County Bank at Sterling as a bookkeeper, a positicjn whicli he occu]:)ied for 
nearlv two. years. His services then were engaged by tlie I'irst National 
Bank of Hutchinson and for fourteen years he served in tlie capacity of 
bookkeeper in that institution, after which he was made assistant cashier, a 
position which he occupied until January i. 1902. on which date he assumed 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. • 57 

the position of cashier of the Citizens Bank and was so engaged until his 
elevation to the presidency of that institution, in January, 191 6. 

On January 5, 1910, Charles M. Branch was united in marriage to 
Lenora Scott, who was Ijorn in Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Branch have a very 
pleasant home in Hutchinson and take a proper part in the general social 
activities of the city. 



J. NEVON HERR. 



The notable improvement in the morale of the inmates of the Kansas 
state reformatory at Hutchinson, this county, since Superintendent Herr 
took charge of that institution in 191 3, has been the subject of congratula- 
tory comment in all parts of the state, so many improvements having been 
made by him not only in the system of institutional administration, but in 
the general equipment of the reformatory and the beautification of the 
grounds, all reliecting most generously the humane spirit underlying mod- 
ern correctional methods, that the inmates have been affected most whole- 
somely; so much so, indeed, that an entirely new spirit may be said to be 
dominating the entire population of that admirable correctional institution. 

Immediately upon taking charge of the reformatory, or as soon there- 
after as he could acquire a proper working acquaintance with the institu- 
tion and its more vital needs, Superintendent Herr extended the honor 
system among the inmates, this humane expression of his confidence in the 
basic uprightness of mankind having had an immediate eft'ect upon the gen- 
eral deportment of the unhappy young men under his care, who at once felt 
themselves "on honor" Ijound to give conformance to the general rules laid 
down Ijy this humane new administration. One of the first of these new 
regulations \va.s a complete reformation in the matter of the institutional 
dress of the inmates, all institution marks carrying the brand and stigma of 
the old "convict" system being eliminated, the effect of which alteration in 
the reformatory "uniform" being an immediate improvement in the spirit 
of the inmates, who responded most readily and with unanimous heartiness 
to this appeal to their better natures. In the way of provision for whole- 
some relaxation during the idle hours of the inmates, Superintendent Herr 
has installed a motion picture outfit in the reformatory, through which 
medium the inmates are at proper times and for the time being lifted out of 
their self-centered lives and given an opportunity thus to keep in touch with 



58 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

the outside world, attendance nn these exhihitions being practically unre- 
strained and without guard, an ai)i)eal to the pride and self-respect of the 
institution's population which has been met in the spirit in which it has been 
made. The population of the reformatory also is given the privilege of the 
grounds on such evenings as are marked b}- proper weather conditions, these 
"outings" also being practicall}- unrestrained and unguarded. The value of 
these two experiments in institutional management has been exemplified to 
to the complete satisfaction of the reformatory authorities, it having been 
demonstrated that the moral tone of the institution has been elevated thereby 
in an extraordinary manner, the young men there under restraint having 
thus been given an outlet for their thoughts that has resulted in most cases 
in a complete rehabilitation of their mental attitude toward the place, which, 
naturally enough, has resulted in a general betterment of their morals and 
in their more decorous behavior. A striking manifestation of this improved 
attitude on the part of the inmates toward the institution to which they 
temporarily are attached has been found in the -organization by the young 
men there restrained of a "Betterment League," which holds regular 
meetings, unrestrained and without guard, at which all matters looking to 
the general betterment of the lives of the members of this league are given 
proi^er consideration, the members of the league binding themselves to report 
to the administration any infringement of the mild rules laid down for the 
conduct of these meetings which might result in an}- wa}- in a curtailment 
of the privileges thus accorded. These reports are not in any manner under- 
stood as being based upon a system of "spying" on the part of the members 
of the league, the members agreeing to resort first to proper moral suasion 
in the case of a possiljly refractory member before reix)rting delinquencies 
on, the latter's part. The effect of improved conditions in the conduct of the 
school and library in CDimection with the reformatory also have proved 
largely beneficial and it is understood that a great work df real and i)erma- 
nent reformation is going on in the lives of man\- unfortunate y(Oung men 
under the humane system now operative under Superintendent Herr's ad- 
ministration. 

Not only in the purely correctional and reformatory aspects of the 
institution has extensive imjjrovements been noted since 'Mv. Herr took 
charge of the reformatory, but in the physical aspect of the place, such as 
in the improvement of the grounds and the enlargement of the equipment 
of the reformatory, there has been marked betterment. A manual training 
department, where the young men are given technical instruction in the 
leadine trades, has been installed bv I\lr. Herr and an irrigation svstem has 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 59 

been provided as a means for the pnjper and prolital)le cultivation of the 
reformatory farm, while the formerly nnsiohtly tract at the front of the 
grounds, once a mere ui^ly weed patch, has been converted into a real beautv 
spot by the exercise of a bit of intelligent direction in the way (jf landscape 
gardening. A large cement fish pond, stocked with several \'arieties of fish 
and surrounded by flower pots also has been ])rovided and fifty acres of 
what once was a barren sand waste has been con\'erte(l into a beautiful 
catalpa grove. The effect of all this intelligent direction has I)een to give 
the inmates of the reformatory an entirely new outlook on life anrl the 
conditions temporarily surrounding them, improving their morals and mak- 
ing them more amenable to discipline, while the better spirit of contentment 
that prevails under these altered conditions has been well proved by the 
fact that there have been Init three elopements from the institution since Air. 
Herr assumed the superintendency of the same. Mr. Herr's valuable experi- 
ments have attracted wide attention among sociologists and penologists all 
o^'er the country and have been the subject of numerous interesting treatises 
presented in various high-class magazines and periodicals devoted to social 
betterment. 

J. Nevon Herr, superintendent of the Kansas state reformatory, is a 
native of Pennsylvania, ha\-ing been born in Dauphin county, that state, on 
March 3, 1875, son of Abraham R. and Elizabeth (Shenk) Herr, both 
natives of Pennsylvania, of that sterling stock known as Pennsylvania Dutch, 
the Herr family in this country, however, having originally been founded 
by a Swiss, who emigrated to America in colonial days. Abraham Herr 
was a farmer and stockman in Pennsylvania, who, in March, i885, came, 
with his family, to Kansas, locating in the Kiowa neighborhood of Barber 
county, where he bought a half section of land, on which he made his home 
and where he died in the following June. His widow married, secondly. 
Henry Somner, who died five years later, and the widow now li\es in 
Wellington, this state. Abraham R. Herr and his wife were earnest mem- 
bers of the Methodist church and their children were reared in tliat faith.' 
There are five of these children still living, those besides the subject of 
this biographical review being as follow : Allan, a prosperous farmer and 
stockman, of Medicine Lodge, this state; A. L., a prominent attorney, of 
Chickasha, Oklahoma, who married Bertha Dowaitain ; Uriah C. postmaster 
of Medicine Lodge, this state, and publisher and editor of the liidc.v at that 
place, and Ada, a school teacher, ^^ho lives with her mother at Wellington. 

J. Nevor Herr w^as twelve years of age when his parents came to Kan- 
sas and he has resided in this state ever since. His elementary education 



6o RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

had been received in the schools of his home neighborhood in Dauphin 
county, Pennsylvania, and this was supplemented by the instructions he later 
received in the high school at Kiowa, this state, from which he was grad- 
uated, after which he entered the cmi)l(iy of a corporation department store 
at Kiowa, with which CDUccrn he remained for eighteen years, his advance- 
ment in service with the company Ijeing so rapid that during the last few 
years of his connection therewith he was president of the corporation. 
During his residence in Kiowa. Air. Herr took a prominent and active part 
in ci\-ic affairs and was regarded as one of the leaders in the ranks of the 
Democratic party in Barber county. For four years he served as mayor of 
Kiowa and his administration of tlie duties of that office was marked by 
many and substantial iiuprovements to the town. For four years also Mr. 
Herr served as a representative in the state Legislature from Barber county 
and it was during his tenure in this latter office that he received his appoint- 
ment as superintendent of the Kansas state reformatory at Hutchinson, his 
administration in that important office dating from August i, 1913. since 
which time he has had his residence in the administration building of the 
reformatory. 

On May 12. iqot. J- Nevon Herr w^as united in marriage to FJdith 
Potter, who was lx)rn in Xew^ York state and who came to Kansas when 
five years of age with her parents, Orman J. Potter and wife, the former of 
whom was a farmer and carpenter, and to this union two children have been 
born, Eleanor Lucile, born on [March 4. 1903. and Harold. Februar}^ 3, 
1908. 

Mr. Herr is a member of the Masonic lodge and of the Knights of 
Pythias and the Modem Woodmen, in the affairs of which orders he takes 
a warm interest. 



CHARLES A. UVKI:R. 



Charles .\. Kyker. president of iIk- Kansas Central Indemnity Com- 
pany, of Hutchin.son, this county, is a Hoosier. liaving been born on a farm 
in Jefferson county, state of Indiana, on January j 1 . 1S59, son of Joseph 
H. and I'.liza S. ( McLelland ) Ryke'r. both natives of Indiana, the former 
of whom, born in 1826. died in iSSi. and the latter, born in 1830, is still 

living. 

The Ryker family in America bad its origin in Flolland. the first of the 
name to come to this country having located in Xew York in colonial days. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 6l 

Gerardus Ryker was the first of the name to settle in Fiuhana, havin<( been 
one of the first white men to make a home there, ile settled near the 
northern bank of the Ohio river not far from where the city oi Madison 
later arose. His son, the great-grandfather of Charles A. Ryker, was born 
on the pioneer farm in what is now Jefferson county, as was his son, the 
father of Joseph H. ; the latter was reared there and spent his last days 
there. During the Civil War, Joseph H. Ryker served the cause of the 
Union as a soldier in Company A, Fiftyrfifth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry, and at the close of the war returned to the farm, where he spent 
the rest of his Hfe, his death occurring in 1881, and his widow is still living 
there. Joseph H. Ryker and wife were members of the Presbyterian church 
and their seven children were reared in that faith. 

Charles A. Ryker spent his youth in Hanover, Jefferson county, Indiana, 
and his elementary education was received in the local schools there, this 
course being supplemented by a course in the sterling old Presbyterian insti- 
tution, Hanover College. In 187Q, he then being twenty years of age, 
Charles A. Ryker came West, locating at Burlington, in Coffey county, this 
state, where for eight years he worked for mercantile and lumber firms and 
where he cast his first vote for the Republican party. In 1887 he came to 
this county, locating at Hutchinson, where he took charge of the lumber 
yard of the Wisconsin Planing Mill Company, and continued in the lumber 
business, as manager for different firms, until his election, in 1900, on the 
Republican ticket, to the office of county treasurer, in which office he served 
for five years, his term of office having been extended by the Legislature. 
From the time of his arrival in Flutchinson, Mr. Ryker had taken a thought- 
ful part in the political affairs of the city and county and had, previous to 
his election to the treasurer's office, served the public very acceptably both 
as a member of the city council and as a member of the school board. In 
1906 Mr. Rvker was elected a member of the state railway commission and 
served in that im|>ortant capacity until the end of 1910. He, for years, 
served as a member of the Reno county Republican central committee and 
has been a frequent delegate to the state conventions of his party. In 1910 
Mr, Ryker started in the commission business, under the firm style of the 
Ryker Realtv and Commission Company and has so continued to this time. 
Early in 191 5 he was instrumental in effecting the organization of the Kan- 
sas Central' Indemnity Company, capital stock one hundred thousand dollars, 
and was elected president of that promising insurance concern, a position 

he now holds. 

In 188 1, at Burlington, this state, Charles A. Ryker was united in mar- 



62 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

riage to Eva Dickinson, who was born in Kansas and whose father, George 
H. Dickinson, is still a resident of Burlington, and to this union one child 
has been born, a daughter, Cornelia, who has been a student at Hanover 
College, in Indiana, she being a representative of the third generation of her 
family to attend that excellent old institution, ^ir. and iNIrs. Ryker are 
members of the Presbyterian church, and take an interested part in the 
various social and cultural movements of their home town. They have a 
very pleasant home at 424 A\-enue A, east, which Mr. Ryker built in 1905. 
Mr. Ryker is a member of the .Vncient Order of United Workmen and 
of the Modern Woodmen. He is a member of the Commercial Club, which 
he has served in the official capacity of secretary, and takes a general inter- 
est in all movements designed to promote the advancement of conditions in 
all proper ways hereabout. 



ARTHUR E. ASHER. 



Arthur K. Asher, president of the Commercial National Bank of 
Hutchinson, this county, has been a resident of Kansas for twenty-nine 
years, or since he was twenty-one years of age, and has been a continuous 
resident of Hutchinson since 1906. his previous residence in that city, begim 
in 1897. having been interrupted in 1903 by a change in luisiness which 
took him to Stafford for a period of three years, after which he returned 
to Hutchinson, which has been his home ever since. 

Arthur E. Asher was born in Oldham county. Kentucky, on 'Sls.y 14, 
1863, son of Milton and Martha L. ( Eddins) Asher. both natives of that 
same county, both of whnm were born in 1835. ?\Jiltun Asher was the son 
of James D. Asher, of Irish descent, a pioneer in Oldham county, Kentucky, 
whose last days were spent there. James D. Asher and wife were members 
of the Christian church and were the parents of eight children, who were 
reared in that faith. Martha L. Eddins was the daughter of Abraham and 
Mary Eddins, both of whom were natives of Kentucky and members of the 
Methodist church, warmly opposed to the institution of slavery which then 
existed in most parts of Kentucky. 

Milton .\sher was reared in Oldham county, Kentucky . and became a 
carpenter, millwright and bridge builder. He married there and inherited 
a part of the paternal farm, becoming 'a man of considerable means. In 
1886 he emigrated with his family to this state and located at Stafford, that 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 63 

being before the clays of the raih-oad there, and there he was engaged 
extensi\ely as a building contractor for years. In 1897, ^^ the time his 
son, Arthur E., moved to Hutchinson, he and his wife also moved to that 
city, and there they both spent their last days, Mrs. Asher dying two years 
later, in 1899, and Milton Asher dying on January 27, iqii. They were 
earnest members of the Christian church and their children were reared 
in that faith. Of these children, four in number, Arthur E. Asher, the 
immediate subject of this sketch, is now the sole survivor, the others having 
been as follow : Andrew Jackson, a farmer, who died at the age of twenty- 
four; Alonzo, a pharmacist, who died at the age of twenty-two, and Rosa 
L., who died at the tender age of four. 

Arthur E. Asher was reared in Oldham county, Kentucky, receiving 
his education in the district school of his home neighborhood and at the 
college at Campbellsburg. He was twenty-one years of age wdien he came 
to Kansas with his parents and for a time after locating at Stafford he was 
engaged in the lumber business in the employ of Fair & Shock. He then 
entered the employ of the Bank of Stafford and thus began his successful 
career as a banker. In 1895 he was made cashier of that bank, but two 
years later, in 1897, ^^^^ that concern and located in Hutchinson, where he 
effected the organization of the St. Johns Trust Company, a concern for the 
exclusive use of cattlemen, and w^as made secretary of the company. In 
1903 that company liquidated and Mr. Asher returned to Stafford, where 
he organized the First State Bank of Stafford and w^as made president of 
that institution. In 1906 he returned to Hutchinson and organized the 
Commercial National Bank, of which he was made president, a position which 
he has held ever since. In 1908 Mr. Asher extended his banking operations 
to Mineola, this state, where he organized the First National Bank of Mineola 
and was made president of that institution, wdiich office he still holds, at the 
same time retaining an interest in the First State Bank of Stafford, of 
which he formerly was president, and of which he still is a director. Mr. 
Asher is an alert, up-to-date business man and is interested in various other 
enterprises in and about Hutchinson, among which is the Hutchinson Build- 
ing and Loan Association, of which he is vice-president and one of the 
directors. 

On December 8, 1888, Arthur E. Asher was united in marriage to 
Gertrude M. Sommers, who was born in Illinois, daughter of Alexander and 
Elizabeth Sommers, early residents of Stafford. Alexander Sommers was 
a carpenter and builder, who took a prominent part in the upbuilding of the 



64 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

town of Stafiford in the earlier days thereabout. He died there and his 
widow, who is still living, is making her home with Mr. and Mrs. Asher. 

To Arthur E. and Gertrude M. (Sommers) Asher three children have 
been bom, namely: Lucile. born in 1890, who married Ernest Dickerson, 
a traveling salesman, of Hutchinson; Mildred, who married Ray H. Tinder, 
a lawyer, of Hutchinson, and has one child, a son, Charles Elston, born in 
April, 191 5, and Helen, 1898, who is attending high school. ]\Ir. and Mrs. 
Asher are members of the Christian church and Mr. Asher is president of 
the- official board of the congregation to which he is attached. He and his 
wife take an active part in the social life of the city making their presence 
felt in many useful ways and are held in high regard. Their home at 
1009 North Main street is one of the most attractive in the city. 

Mr. Asher is a Democrat in matters relating to the policies of the 
national government, but in local politics is inclined to be rather independent, 
holding to the view that the man instead of the party should be the guide 
to the voter in local elections. For seven years he served on the Hutchinson 
school board and has been a member of the city council for years, his services 
in both of these offices having proved of large value to the community. 
Mr. Asher is a Mason and has attained to the York Rite in that order, being- 
one of the most active members of the coramandery of the Knights Templar 
at Hutchinson, and is also an active member of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. 



EDWARD T[XD.\LE GUY.AION. 

Edward Tindall Gminon, one of the best-known and most representa- 
tive business men in Hutchinson, founder of the town of Guymon, Okla- 
homa, and prominently identified with many of the most extensive corpora- 
tions in and about Hutchinson, as well as in other sections of the state, is a 
native of Illinois, but has been a resident of Kansas since 1879. He was 
lx)ru on a farm near Warsaw, in Hancock county, Illinois, in August, 1859, 
son of John and Jane (Griggsby) Guymon, both natives of that same state, 
the former born in 1838. and the latter in 1836. 

John Guymon was a farmer. When the Ci\il \\\ir broke out he 
enlisted in behalf of the Union cause and went to the front as a private in 
Company F.. Seventy-eighth Regiment, Illinois \"olunteer Infantry, with 
which he served valorously until captured l)y the enem\-. He was confined 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 6 



3 



in Andersonville prison, where he died in 1864. After the unhappy death 
of her soldier husband, Mrs. Guynion took her three chikh-en and went to 
Hve with her ])arents in Missouri, remaining there for several years, but later 
returning to Illinois. She is now making her home with her only remaining 
son, the subject of tliis I)iographical sketch, at Hutchinson, as is her only 
daughter, Irene, who married Henry Ellison. The other son, Roy, a resi- 
dent of Los Angeles. California, died in 191 1. 

Owing the straightened circumstances surrounding his youth, Edward 
T. Guymon had little opportunity for securing an education in his boyhood, 
his schooling having been confined to attendance for two or three months 
each winter for a few winters in Illinois and Missouri, and at eleven years 
of age he engaged his services to an Illinois farmer for eight dollars a month 
and W'Orked for that man for four years, at the end of which time he began 
clerking in a store at Coalsburg, Illinois, where he worked until the spring 
of 1879, when he came to Kansas, stopping at McPherson, where he was 
employed for a time as a carpenter's helper. He then secured a place as a 
clerk in the store of L. H. Thompson, now a resident of Hutchinson, who 
was then engaged in business at McPherson, and remained thus engaged for 
two or three years, at the end of which time he was engaged in the Barnes 
general store, where he remained for some time. He then left McPherson 
and went to Lakin, a coal-mining town, where he remained two years, a 
part of which time he was employed as a railroad section hand, after which 
he returned to McPherson and began clerking in the Fegley store, later 
going to the Hacklethorn & Northup grocery store, in the same town. Pre- 
sently, Mr. Guymon bought the interest of Mr. Northup in the store and 
was a partner in the business for three years, at the end of which time he 
sold his interest and secured a half interest in a meat-packing plant and 
w^as thus engaged for two years. Then Mr. Guymon, in partnership with 
Messrs. Irvin, Lloyd and Oakley, established the Star Grocery Company at 
McPherson and from that time on began to make his influence felt as a man 
of affairs. In 1888 the firm established a branch store at Liberal, this state, 
and Mr. Guymon took cliarge of the same in person, remaining there for 
three years. In 1901 he moved to Lewistown, Illinois, where for two years 
he was engaged in the manufacture of a grain weigher, at the same time 
retaining his ownership of the store at Liberal, the Star Grocery Company 
meanwhile having dissolved. The Star store at Liberal had grown to be an 
extensive wholesale as well as retail store, supplying the trade throughout 
that section of the state, as well as in parts of Oklahoma, Texas, New 

(5a) 



66 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Mexico and Colorado. In the meantime Mr. (iiiymon was rapidly developing 
other interests and in 1902 moved to 1 lutcliinsun, where he ever since has 
resided, operating his extensive business connections from that central point, 
and has long been regarded as one of the most substantial citizens of central 
Kansas. Upon locating at Hutchinson he bought the beautiful AA'ood home 
at 1019 North Main street and is still living there. 

Among- the numerous concerns in which Mr. Guymon is actively inter- 
ested is the Guymon-Petro Wholesale Grocery Company, of Hutchinson, 
of which he is president; the Commercial National Bank, of Hutchinson, 
of which he is vice-president; a director and one of the founders of the 
Hutchinson Electric Light and \\^ater Company; vice-president of the Lib- 
eral Elevator and Hutchinson Termmal Elevator Company and director of 
H outran Loan and Trust Company; vice-president of the American Ware- 
house Company; former president of the Guymon Bank of Oklahoma, be- 
sides which he is the owner of grocery stores in several towns in Kansas, 
Oklahoma, Colorado, Nevada and Canada, and has been interested in a num- 
ber of cattle ranch corporations. It was in 1902, the year in which he took 
up his residence in Hutchinson, that ^Ir. Guymon laid out and founded the 
town of Guymon, named after himself, in Oklahoma. That town has grown 
to be a place of nmre than eighteen hundred population, with about forty- 
five business establishments. Mr. Guymon was president of the company 
which promoted the town and is actively interested in a number of enter- 
prises in the place, such as grain elevators, stores and the Ijank, the latter of 
which Mr. Guymon founded and was for some time its president. Mr. Guy- 
mon also has railroad and other interests, his combined connections easily 
making him one of the leading capitalists of Kansas. Mr. Guymon is a 
Republican and while living at Liberal served as a meml)er of the city coun- 
cil, but has ne\er sought other offices. 

In June. 1S87, hxhvard T. Guymon was united in marriage to Erances 
Mary Flagg, who was born in Illinois, daughter of George and Mary Flagg, 
the former of whom died in 1900 and the latter of whom is still living. To 
this union one child has been born, a son. I-Mward Tindall. jr.. born on 
June cS. 1900. Mr. Guymon is a thirty-second-degree Mason and a noble of 
the .Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, a member 
of the consistory and the shrine at Wichita, and takes a warm interest in 
Masonic affairs. He is a member of the Hutchinson Commercial Club and 
the Country Club and in the affairs of both of those local organizations he 
takes an active interest. 



KENO COUNTY, KANSAS. G-J 

Mvx. DAxna. Mox'rn-'rii moorr, d. d. 

Tlie minutes of the first meetino- of the ]iresbyter\- of tlie I'resljyterian 
church of this section of Kansas following the death of the hunented Rev. 
Daniel Alontieth Moore, D. I)., in 1900. carries the following- triliute of 
respect and ex])ression of esteem for the memor}- of a great and good man; 
a man who had done \ery nnich for tlie spiritual and cultural advancement 
of this part of the state : 

"Doctor Moore was a ripe scholar, always a student, not only of the 
Scriptures, but also of the best literature and current events. The honorary 
degree of Doctor of Divinity was worthily bestowed upon him bv his alma 
mater in 1897. Doctor Ahxjre was an old-time gentleman of rare dignitv 
and ccjmmanding presence and was distinguished for his urbanity and hos- 
pitality. His religious experience was rich and relined in his declining- 
years. " 

Daniel Alontieth Moore, who was the hrst ordained clergyman to pro- 
claim the message of the Gospel in Reno county, was a native of Ohio, 
having- been born in the village of Cortsville, in Mahoning county, that state, 
on January 2. 1824. At the age of fourteen, having then completed the 
course in his home school, he was sent by his parents to li\e with his uncle, 
the Rev. John A'lontieth, at Elmira, Ohio, and under the fine influence of 
that good clergyman he was reared to useful manhood. Upon completing 
the high-school course at Elmira, the studious lad was sent to the academv 
at Darlington, Pennsylvania, from which he was present!}^ graduated, after 
which he entered Western University at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from 
which he was graduated at the age of twenty-two, after which he entered 
Lane Theological Seminary at Cincinnati, from which sterling old sectarian 
institution he was graduated three years later, and presently was ordained 
a minister of the Gospel 1)}' his home presbytery. For a short time after 
his ordination, the Rev. Daniel }iT. Moore was engaged as acting pastor of a 
country church in Brown county. Ohio, and it was while thus living his 
"day of small things" that he married, in June, 1849, Ellen McMillan, 
daughter of Captain McATillan, of Ripley, Ohio, who died on X^.weml^er 6, 
1850, leaving one child, born (jn April 22, 1850, which died on August 11, 
of that same vear. At Manchester, Ohio, Deceml>er 30. 1851, Rev. Daniel 
M. Moore married, secondly, Mary A. Ellison, daughter of William and 
Mary K. Ellison, who was a faithful and competent helpmate during his 
long and difficult ministry. 

The first charge to which the Rev. Daniel H. Moore was called and in 



68 REXO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

which he was installed as pastor wa> the Second Presbyterian church of 
Greenfield, Ohio, the congre,^ation of which he served as pastor for a period 
of twelve years, at the end of whicii time he accepted a call from the Pres- 
byterian church at N'ellow Springs. Ohio, and was pastor of that church for 
nearly hvQ years. In j868 he accepted a call from the "new school," or 
"free." Presbyterian church at Lawrence, this state, and thus began his 
long period of ministerial .^er\ice in Kansas. Doctor ]\Ioore, during ante- 
bellum days, ever had been ])ossessed of strong anti-slavery convictions and 
had acquiesced in the di\-ision of the church on that question, but upon the 
removal of the cause of this (li\ision was among the first to seek a recon- 
ciliation between the two wings of the church and it was during his pastor- 
ate of the "free" church at Lawrence and largely through his efforts that the 
"new school" and the "old school" churches in that city were reunited, both 
pastors resigning in order that the united church might call a new pastor. 
In 1873. two years after the founding of the town of LIutchinson, Doctor 
Moore accepted the call of the little Presbyterian church at that point to 
"come over and help us," and thus became the first ordained minister of the 
Gospel to i)reach in Reno county. The Presbyterian church at Hutchinson 
at that time was composed of but ^even members, but during the seven years 
of Doctor Moore's pastorate th.ere the growth of the congregation was pro- 
portionately much larger than was the growth of the town. During these 
seven years of earnest and consecrated effort on the ])art of Doctor Moore 
that good minister so impressed his individuality upon the congregation 
and upon the community as a whole as to give to that pioneer church the 
sterling characteristics that still distinguish it, he clearly having laid the firm 
foundation upon which its present strength is built. 

It was during his pastorate at Hutchinson that Doctor IMoore was 
selected as a member of the committee which organized the presbvterv with 
which the Presbyterian church at that ])oint is still connected, and it was he 
and the l\ev. Mr. Overstreet who drew the first standinu- rules for the "ov- 
ernment of the presbytery, and no otlur man has been so long or so effi- 
cientlv connected with the work of the ],resbytery as was he. Upon leaving 
Hutchinson, in 1880. Doctor Moore filled charges at Carthage. Illinois; 
Columbus. Kansas; Ft. Worth. Texas, and 1^1 Paso, same state, and in 1887 
returned to Hutchinson to pass the remainder of hi< (la\s among the mem- 
bers of his family and among the firm friends he had made during the time 
of his long jiastorate there in pioneer days. His interest in Hutchin.son and 
in her people never waned and in the very hour of his death, at a few min- 
utes past nine o'clock on August 2, 1900. the aged clergyman feebly ex- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 69 

pressed his re<;ret that the state of his heahh wduM prcMiit his atteiKhmce 
on the annual meeting- of the old settlers of Ueno countv that was heing 
held in Hutchinson that day. 

To the Kev. Daniel M. and Mary K. ( l-Tlison) ]\Iooi-e three children 
were horn, \V. E. /Moore, of Peru, Illinois; 1^. M. Moore, manager of the 
Hutchinson Printing Conipan)-, of Hutchinson, and Mrs. E. L. Meyer, wife 
of the president of the h'irst National Bank of Hutchinson. 

Edward M. Moore was horn in the town of Greenfield, Highland 
comity, Ohio, in 1861, during the ])eriod of his father's pastorate at that 
place and he was seven }-ears of age when he came with his parents to Kan- 
sas in 1868. His early schooling was received at Lawrence and he remained 
there until in jMarch, 1874, when he followed hiis father to Hutchinson and 
became "de\il."' or printer's factotum in the ofifice of the Hutchinson Nezvs. 
In the early fall of that year, W. F. Wallace started the Indcprudcnt in 
Hutchinson and young Moore transferred his services to that paper, con- 
tinning as printer there under the successive ownerships of E. Conway 
Bruffy, a Virginian, and Jaj) Tm^pin, an Indianian. Wlien tlie Inferior 
Herald was launched l>y \V. C. Bowles, J. W". Kanaga and others, with 
Henry Inman as editor, Mr. Moore went over to that paper, serving the 
owners thereof as printer until they sold to J- W. Kauaga, after which he 
continued with the latter owner for three years, doing the printing of the 
paper under contract. In 1882 Mr. Moore left Hutchinson for a time and 
went to Peru, Illinois, where he \vas engaged as shipping clerk by the 
Illinois Zinc Company until 1886. in which year he returned to Hutchinson 
and engaged there in the plumbing business for one year, at the end of 
which time he resumed his connection with the printing trades, taking 
employment in the printing department of the Huicliinson Xcivs. under R. 
M. Eansley, editor. Presently IMr. Moore was given charge of the circula- 
tion department of the Nc:cs and when the Sponslers bought the paper he 
was made advertising manager. In 1895 Edward M. Moore and W. Y. 
Morgan bought the Hutchinson Daily News, Mr. Moore acting as Inisiness 
manager of the same until 1908. In 1909 the Hutchinson Printing Com- 
pany ( "Jav Hawker Press"') was incori)orated to take over the job-printing 
department of the News, that paper no longer to engage in the iob-])rinting 
business, and Mr. Moore was made manager of the same, which position 
he still holds, retaining his interests in both the printing company and the 
newspaper. 

Edward M. Moore has been twice married, his first wife having been 
Clara A. Mclnturff, who was born in Trenton, Missouri, daughter of 



70 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Andrew and Lncretia Mclnturff, early settlers of Reno countv, who home- 
steaded a i)lace in Lincoln townshi]) in 1873. later nioxing- to Hutchinson, 
where Mr. Alclnturff became a well-known photographer, in which business 
he continued until his death. Mrs. Moore died in 1908, without issue, and 
on August II. 191 1. Edward M. Abjore married, secondly, Belle Rice, who 
was born in Ohio, daughter of George and Elizabeth Rice, the former of 
whom, now deceased, for years was a well-known building contractor in 
Hutchinson, who erected the Masonic Temple, numerous school buildings 
and other important buildings throughout the city and county, and whose 
widow is now makin": her home with Mr. and Mrs. JMoore. 

Mr. Aloore is \-ery prominentl}- connected with the order of the United 
Commercial Travelers, in the affairs of which he takes a warm and actue 
interest. Ik- has served as the grand treasurer in the state organization of 
that ix)pular association and has several times been a delegate to the national 
conventions of the organization. 



SAMUEL G. PUTERBAUGH. 

Samuel G. i'uterbaugh, a well-known retired banker of LIutchinson, this 
county, is a nati\e of Ohi(j, he ha\ing been born on a farm in the Xcnia 
neighborhood of that slate on November 11, 1840, son of David and Cath- 
erine (Snyder) I'uterbaugh, the former of whom, born in 1800 died in 
1864, and the latter, born in 1803, died in 1853. 

Davifl T'uterbaugh was ])orn near the town of Hagerstown, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was reared on a farm there. Eollowing his marriage, he and 
his wife mo\ed to (ireene county, Ohio, where they li\ed on a farm imtil 
1850, in which year they mo\'ed with their famil\- to TlliiK^is, settling in 
Tazewell county, where the)' eslabli>iK(l a new home, in ^v]licll Mrs. Puter- 
l)augh died three years later. David I'ulerbangh lived until i8()4 and became 
one of the well-to-do men of that section, ha\ing ])ecn the owner of more 
than one thou.sand acres of land. \\'hile b\ing in ( )hio, he and his wife 
were members of the German Lutheran ilnn-ch. but upon mo\ing to Illi- 
nois, finding no church of their denomination there, became nieni])ers of the 
Christian church, 'ihey were the j)arents of ten children, of whom only one 
besides the subject of this bicjgraphical review is now surviving, David 
Puterbaugh, a real-estate speculator and traveling salesman, of Kan.sas Citv. 
.Another l)rother, John Puterbaugh was for vears a resident of Hutchinson, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 7 1 

this county, he having been engaged in the agricultural business there and, 
in boom times, was well known as a real-estate speculator. He died in 1888. 

Samuel G. Puterbaugh was ten years of age when his family moved 
from Ohio to Illinois and in the latter state he went to school but one year. 
He grew up on the farm in Tazewell county and u])on the hrst call to 
arms after Ft. Sumter had been hred on enlisted in the l^ighth Regiment, 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, for the three-months service, and served in that 
regiment for six months, at the end of which time he enlisted in the Third 
Illinois Cavalry, with which he served until the close of the war, the greater 
part of this service having been in the Army of the West, under General 
Grant. Mr. Puterbaugh was wounded twice, once in 1862 and again in 
1863. At the battle of Lafayette, Mississippi, he was taken prisoner and 
for eight months was kept in durance by the Confederates, for one month 
at Mobile and the remainder of the time in Belle Isle, Richmond. Pie then 
w^as exchanged and until the end of the war served in the Tennessee cam- 
paign, near Memphis and X^icksburg. 

At the close of the war, Mr. Puterbaugh engaged in the dry-goods busi- 
ness at Mackinaw, in Tazewell county, Illinois, in partnership with his 
brother John, wdiich connection continued for three years, at the end of 
which time the brothers sold their store, John coming to Kansas and Samuel 
G. moving to Pekin, county seat of his home county, where for four years 
he served as deputy clerk of the circuit court, at the end of which time he 
became a candidate for the office of county cjerk. on the Greeley ticket, and 
w^as defeated by only sixty votes. He then went to Chicago, where he 
entered the service of the John V. Farwell Company, wfth which he was 
connected for fixe years in the capacity of a traveling salesman, after which 
he transferred his services to Carson, Pirie, Scott & Company and was 
for twenty-five years engaged with that company as a general salesman, 
having charge of their Kansas territory, meanwhile making his home in 
Chicago. He then became interested in the \\>1)1)-Freyschlag Company at 
Kansas City and, resigning his position in Chicago, moved to Kansas City 
and took charge of that company's affairs. This work, however, proved too 
confining and in 1904 Air. Puterbaugh traded a part of his stock in the 
Webb-Freyschlag Company for a general store at Lyons, this state, and 
moved to the latter place, where he lived for two years. Upon finding his 
health completely restored he came to this county in 1907. locating at Hutch- 
inson, where he organized the Reno State Bank, though still retaining his 
'Store at Lyons. He was elected the first president of the Reno State Bank 
and served that institution in that capacity until the time of his retirement 



72 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

from active business affairs, and still makes his home in Hutchinson, being 
the owner of a very pleasant home at 1006 North ]\Iaine street, of modern 
style and \ery attractive, built in 191 1. 

On February 16, 1887, Samuel G. Puterbaugh was united in marriage 
to Nora L. Webb, who was born in .Macon, Illinois, and who is a reader 
in the Christian Science church at Hutchinson. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Puterbaugh 
have an adopted daughter. Elizabeth B., who was born in November, 1909. 
Mr. Puterbaugh is an active member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 



MARTIN CHARLES BUSSINGER. 

Martin Charles Bussinger, one of the best-know*n retired farmers of 
Reno county, now li\-ing in Hutchinson, former trustee of Center township, 
an honored veteran of the Civil War and one of the real pioneers of this 
county, he having been a resident here since the year 1873, is a native of 
Ohio, having been born in the village of Gnadenhutten, Tuscarawas county, 
that state, June 2, 1843, son of Anselm and Sarah (Reiser) Bussinger, the 
former a native of the republic of Switzerland and the latter of Pennsylvania, 
born in the city of Philadel^^iia. 

Anselm Bussinger was born in 1802 and was about nine years old when 
he came to this country from Switzerland with his parents in 181 1, the 
family locating in the city of Philadelphia, where young Anselm grew^ to 
manhood and wjiere he learned the cabinet-maker's trade. He married in 
that city Sarali Reiser, who was born in Philadelphia in 1806, ttaughter of 
a physician, and presently moved to Gnadenhutten, in Tuscarawas county, 
where he was for some years engaged at his trade of cabinet-making, later, 
in April. 1859, moving to Indiana and locating on a farm in the neighborhood 
of the city of Terre Haute. Years later he and his wife came to Ransas and 
their last days were spent in this state, his death occuring in Reno county in 
1876 and hers, ten years later, in 1886, in Ringman county. Anselm Buss- 
inger was a Republican and he and his wife were members of the Congrega- 
tional church. They were the parents of six children, those I^esides the 
subject of this biographical review being as follow: Henrietta, born in 
Philadcljihia. who married Dr. Samuel B. Livingston; Henry, born in Phila- 
delphia: John, born in Pittsburgh; Sophia, born at Gnadenhutten, Ohio, and 
Louisa, also lx)rn at the last named place, which also w'as the birthplace of 
M. C. Bussinijer. 



rTfei 





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^V^ 




QJ (XytMyy^ G uilyLdAyy'^i^ 




RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 73 

]\[artin C. P)nssinii:er was aljout sixteen years of age when the family 
moved from Ohio to Indiana, in tlie spring of 1859, locating on a farm in 
the Terre Hante neighborhood, and he was living there when the Civil War 
broke out. Tpon the call for volunteers to defend the flag and suppress the 
rebellion, Mr. Bussinger, following the example of thousands of other 
patriotic young men of Indiana, abandoned his civil pursuits and (jffered his 
services as a soldier. He enlisted in Company K, Eighty-fifth Regiment, 
Indiana X'olunteer Infantry, which was organized at Terre Haute, lohn P. 
Baird, colonel; Lewis Pucket, captain of Company K. The bjghty-hfth 
Indiana was mustered in on August 12, 1862. and was mustered out, June 
12, 1865, at the close of the war. Mr. Bussinger followed the fortunes of 
this regiment from the start to finish, participating in the marches and minor 
skirmishes, in the early months of service, in Kentucky and Tennessee; the 
severe engagement at Thompson's Station, Tennessee, March 3. 1863. when 
the greater part of the Ijrigade to which the regiment was attached was over- 
whelmed by a superior force and taken prisoners ; in the Atlanta campaign 
under Sherman, participating in the battles of Resaca, Dallas, Culp's Farm, 
Peach Tree Creek and others ; in the march to the sea, the siege and capture 
of Savannah ; thence through the Carolinas, participating in the last severe 
engagement of the war, at Averysboro, North Carolina; thence on to Ben- 
tonville", Goldsboro and Raleigh, being stationed at the latter place when 
Lee surrendered; thence on to Washington, participtating in the final Grand 
Review of the army at the close of the war. 

During Sherman's march from Atlanta to the sea, the army was wholly 
dependent upon the country through which it passed for subsistence. Details 
were made from the several commands and sent out each day, some distance 
from the line of march, to gather food and forage. These details were under 
command of an officer and a strong guard as a protection against straggling 
bands of the enemy. Not infrequently soldiers of Sherman's army would 
leave the command to forage on their own account, taking the risk of being 
captured and severely deal with by the enemy. ^Ir. Bussinger took a risk 
of this kind, and a narration of his experience in getting back with his 
"supplies" to the ''safety zone" will be of interest in this personal sketch. 

"It was dangerous business, going out foraging," said he, "for the 
'Johnnies' were prowling about all the time. Once I came very near being 
captured. I was sent by my lieutenant down to a white house to forage 
around for food. He said it was half a mile, l)Ut I found it a good deal 
farther. 



74 ~ RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

"There were three women on the porch. I kept my eye on them, for 1 
dichi't want to take any chances and 1 wasn't snre whether or not they would 
tight. I hacked awa}- from them, meanwhile keeping an eye on them, while 
I searched for food. In the smoke house 1 found some sides of bacon, sev- 
eral of which I hung to my saddle and then started otT. I didn't have a gun 
and when I saw a man ahead I made an effort to get away, but he saw me 
and took after me calling on me to surrender; but I kept on going and 
finally got awav. I found that the 'Johnnies' had driven my company away 
when I got back to where I had left it, and I had a close call in linding my 
company. 

"At another time, soon after leaving Atlanta, I went out foraging on 
my own hook. We were getting short of food and I was mighty hungry. 
I decided to go out and see what I could get. I was warned not to go, for 
the rebels were all around us. and they were hanging every forager they 
caught and filling the bodies full of bullets. But I decided that I'd take a 
chance. I was so hungry that I didn't much care ; I'd about as soon be killed 
as to die of starvation. I thought. So, early the next morning. I struck out 
before the boys were up. In a short time I came to a house and after looking 
around found 1 was safe. Finding a sack of flour in the house I picked up 
the sack and started off A\ith it. i ran across an old negro and made him 
carry the sack for me. He begged hard to be relieved, as he said there were 
rebels all around ; 'they's thousands of "em right over dar in de woods,' he 
said, but I made him go ahead and carry the sack. He begged every step of the 
way. and was almost scared to death, for fear there'd be a 'relj' liehind a tree 
ahead. Finally, we got to the road which would take me to our lines, v. hen 
I saw some chickens that tempted me. I knew I'd l)etter l)e hurrying along, 
but I couldn't leave those chickens. The old negro kept insisting that the 
'rebs' were coming. l)Ut I made him catch three hens and a mule for me. 
Then, witli my sack of Hour and three chickens on tlie nuile, I struck oft* 
down the road. 1 (hdn't meet anv 'reb>' and got l)ack t(i camj) safe with the 
suj)plies. W'e had good eating in my mess for a few days." 

-After his discharge from the arm\-. at the close of the war. Air. Buss- 
inger returned to Terre Haute and remained there until the fall of i866. 
when he went to Coles county, Illinois, where he remained for about two 
years, working on a farm, and where he was married, after which he moved 
to Iowa and located at Charitan. in Lucas county, where he remained until 
the fall of 1873. when he and his family came to Kansas and located in Reno 
county, where they ever since have made their home. It was in September, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 75 

1873, that Mr. Bussinger settled on his homestead in Center t(nvnship, this 
county, he and his family thus having heen auKjng the earliest pioneers of 
that part of the county. He developed that homestead farm and became a 
large landowner and one of the most intiuential residents oi the county. For 
years he served as trustee of Center township, and in other wavs did his 
part in the development of the ci\ic interests of the communii\-. Mr. Buss- 
inger is a Republican and has, ever since coming to this ctjunty, given his 
earnest attention to local political affairs. In 1901 Mr. Bussinger sold his 
farm and moved to Hutchinson, where he started his children in business and 
has since then lived retired. 

It was on December 2, 1867, in Coles county, Illinois, that Martin C. 
Bussinger was united in marriage to Sarah C. Johnston, who also was born 
m Tuscarawas county, Ohio, November 2, 1842, daughter of Christopher 
and Grace L. (Kennedy) Johnston, the former a native of Ireland and the 
latter of Ohio, and to this union ten children were born, three of whom died 
in infancy, the others being as follow: Gracie, born in Coles county, Illinois, 
who married Lincoln S. Davis and died at Partridge, leaving a daughter, 
Charlotte G. ; Charles, born in Lucas county, Iowa, who married Eliza Paine; 
Bertha, also born in Lucas county, who married George H. Pickens, a Reno 
county farmer, and has five children, George, Grace, Bertha, Claude and 
Harold ; Harry, l>orn on the homestead farm in Center township, who married 
Abbie Pickens and has four children, Charles, William, George and Robert ; 
Eugene, born in Center township, who married Selma Austman ; Louise, 
born in Center township, who married C. E. Pickens, a Reno county farmer, 
and has three children, Carl. Helen and Francis, and Annette, also born in 
Center township, who married H. L. Eales, proprietor of an automobile 
repair shop at Hutchinson, and has one child. Bertha. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bussinger are earnest members of the Methodist church 
and for years ha\'e been acti\-e in the work of that denomination in this county. 
Upon coming to this county they brought their letters from the Methodist 
church at their former home and put the same with these of the congregation 
of the First Methodist church at Hutchinson, with which the}' ever since 
have been connected. Mr. Bussinger was a member of the original building 
committee of the church and was superintendent of construction when the 
first church was built; also, as an officer of the church, taking an active part 
in the work of refurnishing and decorating the edifice in February, 1908. 
He is now a memlier of the board of trustees of the First ^lethodist church 
and continues to maintain his warm interest in the aft'airs of the same. 



76 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

PET XATIOX. 

Pet Nation, cattleman and banker, vice-president of the First National 
Bank of Hutchinson and for }-ears one of the leading" factors in the com- 
mercial and nnancial life of that citv, thouoh a Hoosier hv birth has been a 
resident of Kansas since he \\"as a boy fourteen years old and a resident of 
this county since he was eighteen, hence is as true and loyal a son of Reno 
as thou2:h "nati\e ;md to the manner born." He was born on a farm in 
Henry county, Indiana, in 1864. son of Sylvan and Sarah Nation, both 
natives of that state, the latter of whom died in 1903, at the age of sixt}- 
two, and the former nf whom is living at Emporia, this state, in his eightieth 
year, for many years one of the best-known cattlemen in that section of the 
state. 

It was in 1881 that Sylvan Nation left his farm in Indiana and with 
his family came to Kansas. He located at Emporia and in that vicinity 
engaged in the cattle lousiness on a constantly growing scale until he presently 
became known as one of the most extensive ranchmen in the state and is 
still actively engaged in the business in \vhich for years he has made so 
distinct a success. His three sons followed in his footsteps and all became 
successfid, the subject of this sketch having two brothers, Fred and Carl, 
who are largely engaged in Ihe cattle business, with headquarters at Emporia. 

Pet Nation was se\enteen years old when the family came to Kansas 
in i88f and he at once entered, heart and soul, into the fine free life of the 
open range. As a cowboy on his father's ranch, he reached his physical 
growth early and learned the cattle business from the bottom u]), early 
becoming a thoroughl}- experienced and com]:ietent cattleman. When 
eighteen years old, in 1882, he came to Reno county and started in the cattle 
business on his own account. Si.x years later, in 1888, following his mar- 
riage, he m»j\-ed onto a half section of land in the northern part of ]\eno 
township, on Cow creek, rmd there established his Imme, but presentlx' his 
operations had expanded to such a point that he found he could conduct 
his affairs more advantageously from the \antage ground of the city and in 
1890 he moved from the farm into Hutchinson, where he ever since has 
made his home, directing his cattle business antl other extensive interests 
from that point. Some time after locating in Hutchinson INTr. Nation sold 
his Reno county ranch and bought a much nn ire extensixe ranch over in 
Chase county, which he has since oi)erated very successfully. He also is 
actively identified with the financial and commercial interests of this com- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. // 

ninnity and as vice-president uf the l'"irst Natinnal IJank ui IhUchin.sun, liie 
oldest and strongest Innancial institution in central Kansas, is reco_^nized 
as one of the leading and most intluential factors in the financial life of this 
section of the state, and has done much to advance the material welfare of 
the community. 

In 1888 J\fr. Nation was united in marriage to Nettie Price, daughter 
of P. P>. and Sarah I'rice, the former of whom, for years was one of 
Hutchinson's leading real-estate men, is now deceased and the latter of 
whom is still lixing in Hutchinson. To this union one child has heen horn, 
a daus^hter, Eula, who married Edward W. Mever, assistant cashier of the 
First National Bank of Hutchinson, and lives at 510 Avenue A, east. In 
1902 Mr. Nation erected a fine residence at 512 Avenue A, east, and there 
he and his wife are very pleasantly situated. Mr. Nation is a member of 
the Hutchinson Commercial Club and takes an earnest interest in the affairs 
of that organization, constantly on the alert to promote any movement hav- 
ing to do with the further de\elopment of his home town. 



CAPT. JOHN M. HEDRICK. 

Capt. John M. Hedrick, who enjoys the local distinction of being the 
only man ever elected to three terms as sheriff of Reno county, is a veteran 
.of the Civil War and one of the real pioneers of this county, he having come 
here the year after the first permanent settlement in the county, when this 
section was a virgin plain, buffaloes and hostile Indians then roaming at 
will hereabout. 

John M. Hedrick was born in Clark county, Ohio. August 22, 1840, 
son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Patterson) Hedrick, the former of whom was 
a native of Kentucky and the latter of Pennsylvania. Isaac Hedrick was a 
prominent farmer and stock buyer and drover, well known throughout 
eastern and central Ohio, whose custom it was to buy up cattle, fatten them 
on his farm and drive theni to the eastern markets. During the Cixil War 
he served the Union cause as a member of the famous Ohio "squirrel hunters" 
and was a patriotic antl influential citizen, eight of whose sons served as 
soldiers in the Union army during the war and the eldest of whom, Da\id, 
also had been a soldier in the Mexican War. Isaac Hedrick was twice mar- 
ried, his first wife, mother of the subject of this sketch, having been the 
mother of seven children. Following her death, Mr.> Hedrick married a 



/S RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

widow who had hve chiUh'cn bv her former niarriaf^^e and to this second 
union ten cln'ldren were Ixirn. n.iakino- twentv-lwo cliilchT'n in the Hedrick 
family. Captain llech'ick has hut one full brother living", William, a farmer, 
who lives at Palmyra, Missouri. Another brother. J"^;eph. now deceased, 
was for years a well-know n painter in Hutchinson, this county. 

The boyhood of John M. Hedrick was spent upon the paternal farm 
in Ohio, school periods being limited to attendance three months a year in a 
little log school house, and very earlv he began assisting his father in the 
business of driving .cattle, making trips through Ohio and into Illinois and 
Indiana after cattle, whicli later would be driven to eastern markets. He 
spent the winter of 1859 with his brother in Brown county, Illinois, return- 
ing the next spring to his home in Ohio. On April 17. 1861, John ]\I. 
Hedrick enlisted, at Columbus, Ohio, in Company F, Twenty-second Regi- 
ment. Ohio \'olunteer Infantry, in response to the President's call for three- 
months volunteers. In September of that same year he re-enlisted, this 
time taking service in the Fourth Ohio Cavalry, with wdiich he served until 
July, 1865, a i^eriod of nearly four years. He was mustered in as a private, 
but gradually was promoted ar.d in the summer of 1864 was made the cap- 
tain of his company. Captain Hedrick's service throughout the war was 
with the Army of the Cuml)erland and he participated in most of the severe 
engagements undert;iken !)}• that great army. On his twenty-fourth birth- 
day, during Kilpatrick's raid at Lovejoy Station, near Atlanta, Captain Hed- 
rick was wounded and for a time was laid up in the hospital. During 
Sherman's march to the sea he was in \\'ilson's caxalry brigade and fought 
at Stone's River and in all the cavalry raids around Chattanooga and 
Atlanta. Seven of Captain 1 ledrick's brothers also served tlie Union cause 
as soldiers during the Ci\il War and at one time one of his half-brothers, 
Louis, was serving in his company. 

At the close of the war Captain Pledrick returned home and married 
and in iNhS went to Brown county, Blinois, where he bought a farm and 
there remained for two years, at the end of which time he sold out and 
UK^ved to ( lrund\- county. Missouri, where he remained two years, engaged 
in farming, and then came to Kansas, arriving in Reno county on September 
17, 187J. c)nly one year after the tirst permanent settlement in the county. 
Captain Hedrick homesteaded a claim in Lincoln township and also "pnned 
up" a timber claim in the vicinity of his homestead, and there established a 
new home. In the spring of 1875. Captain Hedrick was the hero of an 
incident which effectually put a stop to further attempts at claim "jumping" 
in Reno county. The claim of Fay Smith, a neighbor of Captain 'Hedrick 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 79 

and tlic later (lci)uty sheriPt" under him, had lieeii "juniped" by a man of 
the name oi PMerce. This acticni aroused the ])i(ineers of that section and 
about forty of them gathered, under Captain lledrick's direction, captured 
Pierce and under threats to (h-o\vn him in a pool in the creek on the Hed- 
rick farm com[)elled him to sign a rehnquishment of his claim and get out 
of the country. This incident made Captain Hedrick the hero of Reno 
county and that fall he was elected sherit^' on the ]\epul)lican ticket. He 
was re-elected to that office in the next election, serving two terms of two 
years each, and then waited two years and w^as again a candidate and was 
triumphantly re-elected, thus having the distinction of being the only man 
in Reno county who has served three terms as sheritT. Following his service 
in the sheriff's office, Captain Hedrick returned to his farm, where he lived 
ten years, at the end of which time he sold his Lincoln tow'nship home- 
stead and bought three hundred and twenty acres in the northeast part of 
that same township, where he lived until 1904, in which year he retired from 
the active life of the farm and moved into Hutchinson. In 1906 he bought 
ten acres in South Hutchinson, where he has a very pleasant home and 
where he is living in quiet retirement. 

On November 9, 1865, Capt. John M. Hedrick was united in marriage 
to Catherine Kneister, of Aladison county, Ohio, to which union three chil- 
dren were born, Dolly, who married Alfred Wainner and lives in Lincoln 
township; Johanna, who married Benjamin S. Wainner. a clerk in the post- 
office at Hutchinson, and Edward, a farmer, li\-ing near Big Sandy, Alon- 
tana. The mother of these children died on August 21, 1897, and on Janu- 
ary 2, 1901, Captain Hedrick married, secondly, Mrs. Mary (Ingraham) 
Wilson, widow of Smith Wilson, who died in 1895, '^"<^^ daughter of Oliver 
and Marv Ingraham. Oliver Ingraham died when his daughter. Mary, 
was three vears of aoe and his widow and children moved from their home 
in Blair county, Pennsylvania, to this county, in 1879. and bought a farm in 
Reno township, where they established a new^ home. 

Captain Hedrick is an ardent Republican and from the day of his com- 
ino- to Reno countv has taken a warm interest in civic affairs. In addition 
to his distinguished services as sheriff of the county back in pioneer days, he 
also served as justice of the peace for years and in other ways has given 
his most intelligent attention to good government. He is a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic and for years has given close attention to the 
affairs of the local post. He also is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, in the affairs of which he also is warmly interested. 



.80 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

GEORGE HIRST. 

The late George Hirst, for many years one of the best-known and most 
popular farmers of Lincoln township, this county, whose death on October 
29, 191 5. was the occasion of much sorrow in that community, was a native 
of ^^'isconsin, having been born in the town of Darlington, that state, Jan- 
uary 13, 1856. son of George and Elizabeth (Brilbrough) Hirst, both natives 
of England, whose last days were spent in Reno county, they having been 
for years highly respected residents of Lincoln township. 

George Hirst was born in the city of Leeds, England, and grew up there, 
becoming a very proficient cabinet-maker. Shortly after their marriage he 
and his wife came to the United States, settling at Janesville and later at 
Darlington, Wisconsin, where for twenty years ]Mr. Hirst followed the 
trade of carpenter, during that time doing much for the upbuilding of the 
town. In the fall of 1872 George Hirst came to Kansas, homesteaded a 
tract of land in section 6, of Lincoln township, and there established his 
family in the spring of 1873. The Hirsts at once entered actively into the 
community life of that section and it was not long until they were regarded 
as one of the most substantial and useful families in the neighborhood. J\Ir. 
Hirst served for one term as a member of the school board, and in other ways 
displayed his interest in the common good. He died on July 25, 1897, and 
his widow survived until September 25, 1914, her death occurring at Hutch- 
inson, in which city she had made her home in her later years. -They were 
the parents of eight children, of whom George, the immediate subject of 
this memorial sketch, was the eldest son and the third child, in order of 
birth. I'urther details of the liistory of this interesting pioneer family are 
set out in the biographical .sketch relating to William Hirst, a prosperous 
farmer, of Lincoln township, presented elsewhere in this volume. 

George Hirst spent his boyhood in his native town of Darlington, Wis- 
consin, receiving his education in the schools of that city, and was seventeen 
years old when he came with his parents to Reno county in 1873, the family 
being among the very earliest settlers of Lincoln township. His father was 
not in robust health and George, the eldest son, early became the mainstay 
in the labor of developing the homestead farm. Upon him fell very largely 
the difficult task of "breaking out'' the prairie and he lived at home, practi- 
cally managing the jjlace, until ten months after his marriage, in 18S2. A 
year previous to his marriage, Mr. Hirst had bought a tract of eighty acres 
adjoining his father's farm and on this place he remodeled the house that 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 8 1 

then was standing there and in it established his home. He later bought 
another "eighty," a mile east of his home and in 1914, upon the death of his 
mother, bought eighty acres of the old homestead tract, besides which he 
was the owner of a one-third interest in a half section of land in Troy town- 
ship, and at the time of his death was accounted one of the most substantial 
and progressive farmers in that part of the county. Not only was he diligent 
in his own business, but he had a fine regard for the public service and had 
rendered efficient and valuable aid in carrying on the functions of local gov- 
ernment, having served as treasurer of the local school board for more than 
thirty years and for some time also served as township clerk. He was not 
an intense partisan in his political allegiance, ever supporting such candidates 
for office as he regarded best (jualified for the offices sought, irrespective of 
their party indorsement. Mr. Hirst was a member of the American Order 
of United Workmen, in the affairs of which organization he took a warm 
interest, and was held in high regard by his neighbors and throughout the 
county generally, he having had, as a pioneer, a wide acquaintance through- 
out this whole region. 

On December 25, 1882, George Hirst was united in marriage to Elma 
Templin, who was born in the village of Elizabeth City, Indiana, November 
14, 1858, daughter of Lancy Jefferson and Mary Ann (Learner) Templin, 
the former a native of Indiana and the latter of Pennsylvania. As a young 
man Lancy J. Templin became an ordained minister of the Methodist church 
and for some years was a preacher in a Howard county circuit in his home 
state. Becoming afflicted with an asthmatic affection, he sought relief in the 
ideal climate of this section and in 1876 came to Kansas, locating at Hutch- 
inson. For several years he was engaged as a school teacher and after a 
period of admirable and useful service in that connection rented a farm near 
Hutchinson and for four or five years was engaged in farming. In the spring 
of 1882 he and his wife moved to Canon City, Colorado, and there Mr. 
Templin was engaged in raising fruit and garden stuff for several years, 
at the end of which time he moved to California and after a residence ot 
three years in that state returned to Colorado, locating at Florence, in that 
state, where his death occurred on December 19, 1900, he then being sixty- 
five years of age. His widow, who still survives, and who celebrated the 
eighty-second anniversary of her birthday on April i, 191 7, is now making her 
home with her children. To Lancy J. Templin and wife six children were 
born, as follow: x\lice, who married the Rev. J. M. Clark, a minister of 
the Methodist church, was killed in a highwav accident when thirty-twoj 
(6a) ' . 



82 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

years of age, a pony which she was driving having backed off an embank- 
ment, throwing ]\Ifs. Clark in Mich a manner that her back was broken; 
FJma. widow of Air. Hirst; OHn, for many years a member of the faculty of 
the University of Kansas at Lawrence, he now being dean of that institution; 
Larner. whose whereabouts have long been unknown to the family; Ida, 
who married George J\I. Deibert, a furniture dealer and undertaker, of Flor- 
ence, Colorado, and Dana, who is engaged in the United States reclamation 
service, now stationed at Rupert, Idaho. 

For four years after coming to Reno county Mrs. Hirst taught school, 
being thus engaged in ]\Iedford, Reno and Lincoln townships, and ever has 
taken a warm interest in the social and cultural activities of the community, 
her capable and useful services in that connection being greatly appreciated, 
particularly in the neighborhood in which she so long has made her home, 
and she is held in the highest esteem throughout that whole section. She 
has a very pleasant home in Lincoln township and is quite comfortably sit- 
uated there, two of her sons continuing to make their home with her. She 
is the mother of four children, namely : Jesse Templin, born on November 
23, 1883, unmarried, who is now operating a farm which he bought near 
Pine River, Minnesota; Daisy, February 27, 1888, who married Will E. 
Homan and lives on a farm near ]\IcAllen, Texas; Warren Leroy, Decemljer 
17, 1890, unmarried, who is the active manager of his mother's farm, and 
George Ivan, January 13. 1896. who is also still making his home with his 
mother, a valuable assistant in the operation of the home place. 



JOHN P. HARSPIA. 

Former Mayor John I', llarsha, of Hutchinson, wlio is now living 
comfortably retired at his pleasant home at 207 Avenue A, east, in that 
city, is a nati\e of Pennsylvania. ha\ing been l)i)rn in the Unxu of Harsha- 
ville, I5eaver county, that state, September 6, 1849, son of Dr. John M. and 
Mary (Dawson) ilar>lia, both natives of that same county and members of 
prominent fann'lies thereabout, and Ijotli "I win mi are now deceased. 

Dr. John M. llarsha was a practicing physician at Ilarshaville, who, 
in 1854, moved to Washington county, Ohio, locating near the town of 
Marietta, where he laid out the town of Cutler, upon the completion of the 
railroad now operated by the Baltimore & Ohio Southwe.«;tern Railroad 
Company, and also was the owner of other extensive land interests. In 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 83 

1S72 he ii!()\c(l ti) Shaw iiectown, lUiiiDis, and made hi> Ikhik- there, praelic- 
ing his ])r()tessi()n, until 1872, in whieh \ear he came t<i Kansas, locating in 
Reno coiintw where he honght Iwehe hundred acres of land in Lincoln 
townshi]) and lived there tnitil iSjS, when, following his election to the 
office of county surveyor, he moved to Hutchinson, the comit)- seat, where 
he spent the rest of his life, his death occurring in 1885, at the age of 
sixty-six. Doctor Idarsha not only was a practicing ])h\sician of wide 
reputation hereabout, liut was a civil engineer of much ability, having learned 
surveying under his father, John Harsha, who was one of the best-known 
civil engineers in Pennsylvania in his day, and in his official capacity as 
county surveyor of Reno county performed a \aluable service in l)ehalf of 
the public. He was a Whig originally, but upon the formation of the 
Republican party became a Republican and was thereafter affiliated with 
that party. He was a member of the United Presbyterian church and ever 
was active in good works. Doctor Harsha was twice married. His first 
wile, who, before her marriage was Ivlary Dawson, died in i860, at the age 
of thirty-two years, leaving three children, of wdiom the eldest was John P. 
Harsha. the subject of this biographical review, the others being William 
C, a merchant of Partridge, this state, and Benoni R., who died at his home 
in Mncennes, Indiana, in October, 191 2. Following the death of the mother 
of the above children, Doctor Plarsha married, secondly, in 1863, Amanda 
]\I. Garen, who is now living in Kansas City, Alissouri. 

John P. Plarsha was five years of age when his family moved from 
Pennsylvania to Washington county, Ohio, and he recei\ed his elementary 
education in the local schools of his home neighborhood, supplementing the 
same by a course in Bartlett College at Plymouth, Ohio, from which excel- 
lent old institution he was graduated, after which, in T86g, he then being 
twenty years of age, he entered the ser\ice of the road now known as the 
Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern as secretary to the su]ierintendent of con- 
struction, with headcpiarters at Shawneetown, Illinois, and remained with 
that company for eighteen years, eventually becoming travehng freight and 
passenger agent, with jurisdiction over business originating at Ohio, Missis- 
sippi and Cumberland river i)oints. In 1882 ^Ir. Harsha came to Reno 
county on a visit to his father and was so highly impressed by the possi- 
bilities then presented in land investment that he bought twehe hundred 
acres of land in Salt Creek and Center townships and proceeded to develop 
the same. In March, 1887, he moved to Hutchinson and opened a retail 
grocery store near the corner of Sherman and Main streets, under the 
firm name of Harsha & Duval, which firm sold out in 1888, after which 



84 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Mr. Harsha was instrumental in the organization of the Hutchinson Whole- 
sale Grocery Company, J. F. Greenlee, president; Frank Vincent, vice-presi- 
dent; John r. Flarsha, treasurer, and J. S. George, secretary, which firm 
quickly established itself on a very substantial business footing, becoming 
known far and near throughout the territory covered by its salesmen. In 
1894 Mr. Harsha bought ]Mr. Greenlee's interest in the company and became 
president of the same, a position he retained until April 26, 191 5, at which 
time he retired from active business, though still retaining some of his 
former business connections and is still president of the Antheline Manu- 
facturing Comi>any, of Hutchinson. 

From the very beginning of his residence in this county, J\Ir. Harsha 
has taken an active interest in political affairs and has given valuable service 
to the public in a civic capacity. For three years he served as a member 
of the city council and then, in 1897, was elected mayor of Hutchinson on 
the Republican ticket for a term of t\\o years. He was re-elected upon the 
expiration of that term and thus served four years. In 1903 he again was 
elevated to the office of the city's chief executive and was retained in office 
three successive terms, thus making a service of ten years in the mayor's 
office, a distinction accorded no other man in the political history of Hutch- 
inson. During Mayor Harsha's incumbency man}- notable improvements 
were made in Hutchinson, including the Cow creek drainage canal, which 
was built under his administration, undoubtedly a measure which has saved 
Hutchinson some very disastrous floods and has been of great sanitary 
benefit to the whole community. In other ways, too, 'Mr. Harsha has 
proved his enterprise and ])ul)lic spirit and the people of this community 
gladly accord to him tlie credit of ha-ving been the means of accomplishing 
much in behalf of the coninmn good. 

On September 14. 1N73, John \\ Harsha was united in marriage to 
Alctha A. Camplicll, whc was born in Xcw Cumberland, I lancock county, 
\'irginia, now a part of West X^irginia, daughter of John and Ruth fSwear- 
engen ) Campbell, both natives of that section, wlicrc all ihcir lives were 
spent, and to this union four children have been born, namely: Ruth, who 
married William Snyder, a traveling salesman, and now 1i\es in Los Angeles, 
California; May, who i-^ fixing at home with her parents; Clyde B., a traxel- 
ing salesman for the llulchinM»n \\'holcsalc Grocery Companw who mar- 
ried Xell Devine and makes his home in Ilntclfinson, and Harr\-, also at 
home. The Harshas have a very pleasant lionic at 207 Avcntie A. east, 
which ^.Ir. Harsha bought in 1900. 

Mr. Harsha is a member of the Knights of Pvthias and the Benev- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 85 

olent and Protective Order of I^lks. and takes a warm interest in the affairs 
of those two popnlar orders. Airs. Marsha is a niemher of the Chri.stian 
church. 



WILLIAM G. FAIRCHILD. 

W ilHani G. Fairchikl. of Hutchinson, long recognized as one of the 
leading members of the l)ar of Reni; county, is a native of New Jersey, he 
having been l)orn in Alonmouth- county, that state, the only son of Samuel 
G. and Sarah A. (Hoff) Fairchikl, the former of whom died in 1909, at 
the age of eighty-one, and the latter of whom still is living at Keyport, New 
Jersey. 

Samuel G. k^airchild was for many years one of the best-known men in 
maritime circles in the East. He was the owner of an extensive line of 
ships and for eighteen years was in the service of the government as inspector 
of steamships for the third district, which includes the port of New York. 

William G. Fairchikl, the only child of his parents, received his early 
education at the militar}- school at Cheshire, Connecticut, from which he 
was graduated in 1879, and entered Sheffield, ^^ale, but cjuitting on account 
of ill health. As a boy and young man he spent considerable time at sea in 
\arious capacities, from supercargo to master, spending almost two years of 
this time in Mexico. After this he returned to the United States and was 
for some time engaged in civil engineering and helped to lay out and Ijuild 
the town of Macksville, Kansas. In 1888 he was admitted to the supreme 
court of Kansas, immediately thereafter becoming the law ]:)artner of H. C. 
Johns, at Larned, which mutually agreeable connection continued until the 
death of Mr. Johns in 1894. In 1892 Mr. Fairchikl closed his Larned 
office and with Air. Johns came to this county, locating at Hutchinson, the 
county seat, where he has been engaged in the practice of his jirofession 
ever since. After the death of Mr. Johns, Mr. Fairchikl formed a partner- 
ship with James McKinstry, which was dissolved in 1899 and a few years 
later, in 1902. he formed a partnership with Howard Lewis, wdiich still con- 
tinues, this well-known legal firm having 1>een ver}- successful. 

On April 29, 1891, William G. Fairchikl was united in marriage to 
Ellen F. Campbell, who was born in the state of New York, daughter of 
Charles E. and Anna (Foster) Campbell, formerly of Ft. \\'orth, Texas, 
who are now living in Hutchinson, this county. To this union two chil- 
dren liave lieen born. Samuel 'G., who, after an engineering course in the 



86 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Kansa-^ State University, is now with tlie Santa Ve Railroad Company, and 
Stephen J., a student in l\em])er Mihtary School at Boonville, -Missouri. 
The I'^airchild family has a very pleasant Imme at 551 Sherman street, east, 
in tlic cit\' of Hutchinson. 



PROF. ST1-.A\'ART P. ROWLAND. 

In 1914 when the hicnnial (|uestion of electing a county superintendent 
of schools in Reno came up there was considerable agitation in certain 
quarters looking to the possibility of a change in the incumbency of that 
otTtice, the argument achanced in tlie ((uarters intimated being that it was 
not "good politics" to kee]) on retaining, year after year, a Democrat in 
a public office in a county which then was and for years had l>een strongly 
Republican. The teachers of the county, getting wind of this agitation, 
put their heads together and drafted a series of resolutions, signed by prac- 
tically every teacher in the C(3unty, as well as by the principal and teachers 
of the Reno county high school and the principals and teachers of the 
graded schools throughout the count^^ Needless to say, Professor Row- 
land, superintendent oi the Reno county schools since the year 1908, was 
again re-elected by his usual handsome majority. 

The resolutions thus referred to recited, on the part of the teachers, 
the story of "the unusual record of our i^resent superintendent" and pointed 
out some of the ''remarkable results" ol>tained under his administration 
of the affairs of the county sui)erinten(lent's office, at the same time declar- 
ing that "the consensu^ <>f o])inion is that the office should remain com- 
pletely remox'ed from politics as it has been for the ])ast few^ years," urging 
that "the success of past years promises even greater success for the future" 
and declaring, in conclusion, [he belief of the teachers "that the continuation 
of this great work ^lionld be left in tlie hands of the man most responsible 
for its recent rapid im]iro\enient. ' The \otcrs ratified these resolutions 
and Professor Rowland i> -till administering the affairs of his important 
office, the duties and responsiliilities of which he t.'ikes so closely to heart 
th.at during the i)ast few year> lie ha> declined several flattering propositions 
to transfer his services elsewhere, believing that hi> valuable labors in behalf 
of tile schools of Reno county are still unlini>hed. 

Stewart P. Rowland was born on a farm in Xoble countv, Ohio, Mav 
27, 1870, son of Perry and Mary E. (Ellison) Rowland, the former of 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 87 

whom, born in that same county in 1829, is still livinc^ and the latter, born 
about fifteen miles from the cit\' of r.iverpool, Juigland, in 1S36. died in 
June. 191 1, at her home in Reno townshi]), this county. 

Perry Rowland was left an orphan at the tender age of four years and 
was reared in the family of James Taylor, growing up on a farm in his 
native county. Following his marriage, in that same county, he rented a 
farm and established a home of his own, later buying the place, and 
remained there until 1878, in which year he sold his Ohio farm and came, 
with his family, to Kansas, buying a quarter of a section of land north- 
west of Hutchinson, in Reno townshij), this county, where he still lives. 
Perry Rowland prospered in his farming operations and gradually enlarged 
his land holdings until now he is the owner of five hundred acres of choice 
land surrounding his fine home in Reno township. During the Civil \A\ar 
Perry Rowland served as a soldier in the Union army for three years, a 
member of the Ninth Ohio Cavalry, attached to the Army of the West, 
which was with Sherman to the sea. He is a Democrat and for many years 
has been regarded as one of the leaders in the civic life of the community 
in which he lives. He is a Methodist, as was his good wife, a liberal sup- 
porter to the cause of the church, and his children were reared in that 
faith. These children, all of whom are living, in the order of their birth 
are as follow: John E., a prominent farmer and fruit grower of Clay 
township, this county; Charles W., also a farmer, living in Reno township; 
Eliza J., unmarried, housekeeper for her father; James P., a large land- 
owner, who also makes his home with his father; Stewart P.. the immediate 
subject of this biographical sketch, and Alfred E.. an extensive stockman, 
who manages his father's large farm. 

Stewart P. Rowland was eight years of age when his parents came to 
this county and his elementary education was received in the district schools 
of his home neighborhood, after which he entered Hutchinson high school 
and presently entered the ranks of Reno county's fine teaching force, appli- 
cation for his first teacher's certificate having been made at the age of six- 
teen. His success in this initial examination was the beginning of his 
useful career in the educational life of this county. The young teacher 
continued his studies while teaching, and for a few years spent his summer 
vacations in school, taking a three-years course at the Kansas Normal Col- 
lege at Ft. Scott, and later a course of two vears at the Universitv of 
Nebraska at Lincoln. His health then becoming somewhat impaired, Pro- 
fessor Rowland relinquished his studies for awhile and recuperated through 
wholesome physical labor on his father's farm, later resuming his work of 



88 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

teaching in the district schools and in tlie teachers' institutes, he having 
earlv in his teaching career secured the necessary certificate of his qualifi- 
cations as an institute teacher, and was thus engaged until his election to the 
otTfice of county superintendent in 1903. the duties of which he entered upon 
in ]\Iay, 1909, and which he since then has been faithfully performing, 
having been re-elected in each biennial election since that time, regardless 
of the fact that he is a Democrat and that Reno county is normally Repub- 
lican; his first election having been \\on by a majority of one thousand 
and nineteen votes. In further, preparation for his scholastic career. Pro- 
fessor Rowland took a course in the Hutchinson Business College at 
Hutchinson, from winch he was graduated and in which excellent commer- 
cial scliool he taught during the year following his graduation. 

Professor Rowland has a state-wide reputation as an educator and for 
some years has conducted a June normal school for teachers, the attendance 
on the last such short course having been about t\Vo himdred and fifty. He 
is a member of the executive committee of the Kansas State Teachers' 
Association and at the 1916 session of the Central Kansas Teachers' Asso- 
ciation, held at Hutchinson, wth an attendance of one thousand teachers, 
he was president of the same. In the chapter relating to education in the 
historical- section of this work, the general development of the school sys- 
tem of Reno county is admirably presented l:)y the historian. Professor 
Rowland has been a very potent factor in that development and he very 
properly takes modest pride in his accomplishments in that direction. Pro- 
fessor Rowland owns a half section of land near Hutchinson and takes 
much interest in the development of his farm along the best approved lines 
of modern agriculture. 



f-nWAK'I) I'SIU'R VAGGY. 

Edward J'L.shcr Vaggy, of I huiliin.son, one of the best-known and most 
progressive citizens of this secti(.jn of Kansas, president of the Yagg}^ Plan- 
tation Company, an incorporation of the great estate of the late L. W. 
"i'aggy in Grant township, this county, and for years prominently identified 
with the work of developing the resources of this region, is a native of 
Chicago, born in that city. March 19, 1876, son of L. W. and Sarah E. 
(Esher) ^'aggy, the former of whom was l)orn in Plainfield, Illinois, and 
the latter in Cleveland, Ohio, both now deceased. 

E'pon completing the course in the old Xorthw^estern College at Naper- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 89 

ville, Illinois, I.. W. Vaggv went to Chicago, where he became engaged in 
the publishing business and for twenty-five years was one of the jjest-known 
publishers in the United States. He was president and chief- stockholder 
of the great Western rnl)lishing House, which had seventeen branch offices 
and five thousand agents throughout the United States, the principal work 
of wdiich was the publication of maps and studies for colleges and high 
schools, that company for years having occupied a foremost position in that 
particular branch of the publishing business in this country. Mr. Yaggy 
also was quite a mechanical genius and was the patentee of numerous 
devices of a convenient sort, the first of which was a stubble turner, which 
yielded him considerable revenue. He also patented an adding machine, 
advertising devices of different types, a '"royal scroll" for the display of 
pictures and a Chautauc[ua desk. For his notable service in preparing a 
relief map of the United States for the use of the Smithsonian Institute at 
AVashington Mr. Yaggy was created a fellow of the Royal Geographical 
Society of England and was widely known in general geographic circles. 

While on a hunting trip through this section of Kansas in 1888, L. W. 
Yaggy observed a well being dug on the Thomas Parker ranch just north- 
west of Hutchinson and noted that the water was only a few feet below the 
surface of the soil. Recognizing the potentialities of such a condition, ^Ir. 
Yaggy immediately purchased the entire Parker estate of one thousand 
three hundred and fifty acres and planted the same to catalpa and apple 
trees, the revenues from which since then have amply demonstrated the 
accurac}' of his foresight. The plantation now bears five hundred acres of 
catalpa trees and eight hundred and eight acres of apple trees and is one of 
the most profitably productive plantations of the sort in the country. There 
are no fewer than one million catalpas growing on the place and fifty thou- 
sand apple trees, six hundred acres of which latter are now bearing and the 
rest coming into bearing. In the season of IQ15 two hundred and ten thou- 
sand bushels of apples were sold off the Yaggy plantation, the principal 
varieties being the popular Jonathan, the Grimes Golden, Wine Sap. Roman 
Beauty and York Imperial. There also is a considerable acreage of cow- 
peas, potatoes, sweet potatoes and \\heat grown on the plantation and in 
sea'feon three hundred mCs^i are employed on the place, while a constant force 
of more than thirty men is required to operate the plantation. About five 
hundred thousand gallons of spraying material is used annually on the trees 
and the great plantation is operated along the latest approved and most 
up-to-date lines. ]\Ir. Yaggy's examples and methods have been followed 
by others in the neighborhood and the Arkansas river valley, as a result, is 



90 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

becoming widely renowned as a natural fruit-bearing center. The catalpa 
industry is growing yearly in importance and is now thoroughly established, 
these hardy trees coming more and more into demand, their durable fiber 
giving them a high value for use as fence posts and railroad ties. It has 
been found that it requires ten years to grow the first crop of catalpas, eight 
years the second and seven years the third. Some time before his death L. 
A\'. Yaggy, in order to simplify the inheritance of his estate, incorporated, 
for two hundred thousand dollars, the Yaggy Plantation Company, in favor 
of his three sons, who now compose the company, its directorate and 
officiary, as follow : President, Edward E. Yaggy ; vice-president, A- F. 
Yaggy. of Chicago, and secretary-treasurer, W. E. Yaggy, of Hutchinson. 
The elder Yaggy died at a sanitarium at A\^atkins Glen, New York, in Octo- 
ber, 191 2. His wife had long preceded him to the grave, her death having 
occurred in Chicago. 

Edward, E. Yaggy received his preparatory schooling in the academy 
and college at Lake Forest, Illinois, and then entered Yale, from which he 
was graduated, after a three-years course, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, in 1899. With a view to broadening his education and in order to 
perfect himself in French and German, Mr. Yaggy then went abroad and 
for eighteen months or more attended lectures in the university at Geneva, 
Switzerland, and in the University of Erlangen, in Bavaria, upon the com- 
pletion of which course he returned to the United States and entered upon 
the duties of manager of his father's estate in this countv and has ever since 
then been thus engaged. The Yaggy estate included, besides the great plant 
of the Yaggy Plantation Company in this county, valuable lands in other 
parts of Kansas and in Iowa, Missouri and Nebraska and the Yaggy 
brothers are thus very well circumstanced, the head of the company long 
having been regarded as one nf iIk- most substantial citizens of this part of 
the state. 

r)n December ij, 1905. at Kansas City, Missouri, Edward E. Yaggy 
was united in marriage to Eaura Reed, who was born in that citv. daughter 
of Homer and Eaura (Coates) Reed, the former a native of Michigan and 
the latter of Pennsvlvania. Homer Reed was born at Leslie, ]\licliiean, 
and upon completing his studies in tlic University of Michigan at Ann Arbor 
went to Kansas City, where he has li\ed e\er since and where he for many 
years has been ])rominently identified with the real-estate interests of that 
city. It was not long after locating in Kansas City that Mr. Reed mar- 
ried Laura Coates, who was l)orn in West Chester, Pennsvlvania, daus^hter 
of Kersey Coates and wife, who settled in Kansas City when that place was 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 9 1 

a village of seven luindred and fifty popnlation. Kersey Coates was a man 
of large induenee in the early, bnstling days of Kansas City and it was 
chiefly dne to his personal activity in the matter that the fnturc of his home 
town as a railroad center was determined, his influence havinc^' been the 
decisive factor in making that cit}' instead of Leavenworth the center of the 
railroad interests of this section in pioneer days. Homer Rted has a beauti- 
ful home in Kansas City, his place at Waldo, "Sunny Croft,'' being one of 
the most attractive residences in that city. To him and his wife six chil- 
dren have been born, those besides Mrs. Yaggy being as follow : Kersey, 
who is engaged in the dr}'-goods business in Chicago; Thomas H., manager 
of the Baker Asphalt Company's interests at Birmingham, Alabama; Sarah 
K., who married Alfred \V. Stone, now assistant treasurer of the Vander- 
bilt lines west of Buffalo, wnth offices in the Grand Central depot at Xew 
York; Homer, Jr., engaged in the life-insurance and loan business at Kansas 
City, and Isabel, who is at home with her parents. 

Laura Reed Yaggy is a violinist of much ability, widely known to the 
concert stage, whose performances Thaddeus Rich, in a personal letter to 
Mrs. Yaggy, declifres possess "a rare combination' of temperament and 
finish * '•'• * a facile technique and a very warm and beautiful tone." 
In closing his letter of felicitation, the concert master wrote : "I am sure 
your playing will bring you great success and my heartiest congratulations 
and best wishes accompany you." Mrs. Yaggy has appeared with great 
success with such artists as Johanna Gadski, Paulo Gruppe, Arthur Middle- 
ton, James ^^'hitaker, Barbara Waite, Ida Gardner, Raphael Navas and 
others. She began violin lessons when seven years old and at eleven played 
the "Sou^'enir de Haydn" of Leonard in a public concert. At the age of 
thirteen she played the Mendelssohn Concerto entire with the Kansas Citv 
Symphony. Madame Camilla U^rso, the famous violinist, was present on 
that occasion and was so captivated by the performance that she later sent 
for the young violinist to come and live with her in Minneapolis to continue 
her study. At the age of fourteen Miss Reed played Vieuxtemp's "Fan- 
tasia Appassionata" entire with the Kansas City Symphony Orchestra and 
after studying nearly a year with Leopold Lichtenberg, of New York, she 
played, at the age of seventeen, the great Max Bruch G Minor Concerto at 
one of her own concerts. This early career was temporarily interrupted 
by her marriage at the age of eighteen, but after seven years of retirement 
Mrs. Yaggy again felt the lure of the concert stage and made her appear- 
ance, in April, 1913, as soloist with the ^Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, 
the Kansas City Symphony, and recently with the New York Philharmonic 



9-? RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

at the Hutchinson 1916 festival. (le\oting a part of her time to the concert 
stage. She is the possessor of a rare Sanctus Seratine vioHn, which sold 
thirty years ago for three thousand dollars and is today worth much more 
than that figure, being considered one of the most A-aluable instruments in 
the United States. ]\Irs. Yaggy is the founder of tlie Apollo Club at 
Hutchinson and was the first president of the same. She is still an active 
member of the clul) and is now serving as vice-president. She is an ardent 
suffragist and during the memorable campaign of 1912 was president of 
the Reno County E([ual Suft'rage Association. 

To ]\lr. and Mrs. Yaggy two children have been born, a son and a 
daughter, Laura Coates and Edward Esher, Jr. ]\Ir. Yaggy is a member 
of the Hutchinson Country Club. During his Yale days he was actively 
affiliated with the Zeta Psi fraternity and still retains a warm interest in the 
doings of that association. He takes a good citizen's interest in local civic 
aft'airs, ever an ardent champion of good government, but in his political 
views holds himself independent of political parties. 



JOHN A. REED. 

John A. Reed, a well-known and well-to-do pioneer farmer of Valley 
township, this county, an honored veteran of the Civil War; a continuous 
resident of this county since March, 1871 ; first constable of his home town- 
ship and who claims the distinction of being the oldest continuous resident 
of a homestead farm in Reno count)-, as well as having been the first black- 
smith to locate in this county, is a Hoosier, a fact of which, even though 
loyal Kansan as he is, he has never cea.sed to lie pnuid. He was born on a 
pioneer farm in Wabash county. Indiana. Xo\-ember 24, 1843, ^o^'' *^^ 
-M.itthew and Isabelle (McCutchcn i Reed, both natives 'of Pennsylvania, in 
which state they were reared and married. 

Matthew Reed was born on a farm in l'ennsy]\ ania in I'cliruary, 1800. 
There he married Isabelle McCutchen. who was born on November 31, 181 1, 
and in the early thirties immigrated t<> Indiana, settling in the heavy timber 
lands in Wabash county, that state, where he proceeded to clear his home- 
stead tract and carve out of the wilderness a home for his family, presently 
becoming one of the most substantial residents of that community. Matthew 
Reed was a Whig in his political affiliations and he and his wife were among 
the leaders in the Methodist church in their communitv. ^vlatthew Reed 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 93 

died on September jy, 1849, and after his death his widow and the older 
sons continued to operate the farm until her death on June 15, 1857. There 
were seven children in the family, as follow : Andrew, who died in Colo- 
rado; Samuel and Sarah, twins, the former of whom lives at Riverside, 
Colorado, and the latter, Mrs. Hoffman, lives at Perry, Iowa; Nancy Jane, 
who married Samuel Haggy and lixes in Minnesota; Margaret C, widow 
of Jerome Swihart, now living- at Joplin, Missouri; John A., the subject of 
this biographical sketch, and ]\Jatthew^ Barnett, w^ho lives at Muskogee, 
Oklahoma. 

John A. Reed spent his boyhood on the home farm in the woods in 
Wabash county. Indiana, receiving his elementary education in a little sul)- 
scription school conducted in a log house, after the manner made familiar 
in "The Hoosier Schoolmaster." He was but seven years old when his 
father died and was thirteen when his mother died. He then w^ent to the 
town of North Liberty, near South Bend, where he w^as able to attend a 
good school for three months in the year. There he was apprenticed to a 
blacksmith and learned the smith's trade, working at the same for more 
than t\\o years. Though but a boy wdien the Civil War broke out he was 
bent on enlisting at the time of President Lincoln's first call for volunteers, 
but the strong objections of his sisters interposed and his youthful patriot- 
ism was for the moment curbed. Undaunted, however, by the failure of 
his first attempt to enroll himself as a soldier of the Union he went over 
into Illinois, ostensibly on a visit to an uncle at Bement, and there, on July 
3, 1 86 1, enlisted in Company A, Thirty-fifth Regiment. Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, Avith which he ser\-ed for three years and three months. The first 
engagement the Thirty-fifth Illinois had with the enemy was at Springfield, 
Missouri ; thence on to Pea Ridge, Corinth, Perryville and Murfreesboro, 
after which, under General Rosecrans, it was hemmed in at Chickamauga 
for thirty days, subsisting on quarter rations. Sherman and Hooker then 
came up with reinforcements and the Thirty-fifth went on with Sherman 
into Georgia, participating in all the arduous phases of the campaign on to 
Atlanta. Upon the fall of Atlanta, the TJiirty-fifth's three-years period of 
enlistment having expired, the regiment was sent to Springfield. Illinois, 
where it was mustered out on September 27. 1864, Mr. Reed then being 
twenty-one years of age. 

Upon the conclusion of his military service J. A. Reed returned to 
Liberty Mills, Indiana, where he remained Avorking at his trade until 1866. 
in which year he went to Iowa, where he joined his brother. 'Andrew, who 
had settled on a homestead farm in Dallas countv. that state, some time 



94 REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

before, and there he wcjrkccl for a vear, after whicli h.e went to Des Moines, 
Avhere he began working- in a bhicksmith sho]). In 1868 he went to Rock 
Island. IlHnois. and after working for awhile in that city came to Kansas 
and was for some time employed at his trade in Atchison, later going to 
W ilson county, in the eastern part of this state, where he opened a black- 
smith shop of his own. which he operated for about three years. Then, 
in March, 1871, he came to this part of the state and filed a pre-emption 
of the northeast quarter of section 26. in what is now Valley towaiship, 
Reno county, but \\ hich then was in Sedgwick county. He later changed 
that claim to a timber claim and still lives on half the latter, having sold 
the west half of it years ago. ]\Ir. Reed thus claims the distinction of 
being the oldest settler in Reno countv who still resides on the farm on 
which he located. 

After locating his claim John A. Reed went back to- the mouth of Little 
river, where there was a saw-mill and where he w-orked at his trade for 
two or three weeks, at the end of which time he brought his tools with him 
and returned to his claim, where he threw up a sod shanty and there opened 
a l)lacksmith sh'jp, the first blacksmith shop established in what is now 
within the confines of Reno count}'. At that time there were not more 
than half a dozen families living in this county. x'Vcross the river there 
were great herds of buffaloes, thousands of them, and the early settlers 
suffered no lack of fresh meat. Mr. Reed "bached" in liis sod shanty 
and found diversion hunting Imffalo between jolis in his smithy. The 
pioneers welcomed the coming of the smith and came to him from points 
many miles distant to ha\-e their ]}lows sharpened and to secure such repairs 
as were necessary to their meager agricultural im])lements. In the fall of 
1871 he dr(»\-e to Newton, then the krniinu'^ of the Santa Fe road, and 
hauled back a load of lumber with which he constructed a somewhat more 
comfortable shack than his sod shanty. In the winter of 1872 he went to 
Hutchinson, nineteen miles distaiil, the only jxilHng i)]ace in the county, t;o 
vote in the tlrst election called in Keno count}-. In that election C. C. 
Hutchin.son was elected representative iyi>u] this district to the state Legis- 
lature and in the following session of the (rcneral Assemblv secured the 
enactment of a law defining the bound.-iries of Kenn countx. wlu'ch brought 
\'alley township within the confines of tins county. Mr. lietd has alwavs 
l)een a Republican and from the very beginning of a civil conimunitv here 
has taken an active part in local politics. .\t the ilrst election held in 
\'alley townslfip he was elected constable and he later was elected to the 
office of township trustee and later, township treasurer, while he nearly 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 95 

always has represented his precinct in coinitw district or state conventions. 
Mr. \\(ie(\ set out l\jrty acres of tinil)cr un his timlier claim, but found 
that the care of this grove in its early stages required t<JO much of his tiine; 
so in 1873 ^1^ homesteaded a tract of one hundred and sixty acres one and 
one-half miles east of his original entry, the same being the northeast 
c|uarter of section 22, Valley township, and thereon he built a frame house 
and a blacksmith shop. In 1875 he married and sold his l)lacksmith tools 
to And}' Ballard, who started the first blacksmith shop in the town of 
Burrton, and began to give his undivided attention to farming. In 1877 
he and his wife moved back to his timber claim and there have lived ever 
since. It was with difficulty that Mrs. Reed could become accustomed to 
the frequent presence of Indians about the place and upon the first sign of 
the approach of a party of redskins would run over to stay with the neigh- 
bors until the hunting party would pass on. After selling his tools, Mr. 
Reed found himself "lost" without the old familiar implements of his 
smithy and so bought a new outfit and re-established his smithy, much to 
the gratification of his pioneer neighbors. He presently sold the farm he 
had homesteaded and bought an "eighty" adjoining his timber claim, which 
he still owns. In 1909 he built his present comfortable dwelling and he 
and his wife are very pleasantly situated. The old house built in 1875 
continues to stand on the home place and is a prized relic of pioneer days. 
On July 17, 1875, John A. Reed was united in marriage to ]\Iary I. 
Moore, who was born in Greene county, Tennessee, December 10, 1856, 
daughter of William T. and Rachel (Ellis) Moore, the former a native of 
North Carolina and the latter of Tennessee, who came to Reno county in 
1873. William T. Moore was but a boy when his parents moved from 
North Carolina to Tennessee and in the latter state he grew to manhood 
and married, farming in that state until 1858, in which year he moved with 
his family to Sullivan county, Missouri, where he bought a farm. During 
the Civil War he served the Union cause as a member of the JNIissouri 
Home Guards, and in 1873 he and his family came to this county, home- 
steading a farm in V^alley township. Mr. Moore and his wife later retired 
from the farm and moved to Hutchinson, where he died on November 28, 
1893. ^t the age of fifty-eight, his widow surviving him for about fifteen 
years, her death occurring on February 5, 1908, she then being at the age 
of seventy-two years and eleven months. They were the parents of ten 
children, of whom Mrs. Reed is the eldest. To Air. and Mrs. Reed no chil- 
dren have been born, but they adopted a live-months-old baby girl, Annie 
Laurie, whom they reared with as much loving care as they could have 



g6 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

bestowed upon a child of their \er}' <:)wn, and who married James ]\Iorgan, 
a well-known farmer of X^alley township, this county, and has five children. 
Wallace R.. Clayton S., Mayme. Mildred L. and Everett C. ]\Ir. Reed is 
a member of the ]\Iasonic lodge at Burrton and takes much interest in the 
affairs of that order. 



WILLIA^^r HIRST. 



William Hirst, a well-known and substantial farmer of Lincoln town- 
ship, this county, who has lived here since he was two years old. is a native 
of \\^isconsin, having been born at Darlington, that state, December 20, 
1870, the youngest of the eight children of George and Elizabeth (Bril- 
brough) Hirst, natives of England, both of whom were born at Leeds, the 
former in 1824 and the latter in 1826, and both of whom became respected 
residents of this county, where their last days were spent. 

George Hirst was reared in the busy city of Leeds and grew' up there 
to the cabinet-making and pattern-making trades, becoming a very competent 
craftsman. .V year or two after their marriage he and his wife and their 
first-born child came to America, in 1854, locating at Darlington, Wisconsin, 
some kinsfolk of Mr. Hirst having previously located there, and there they 
made their home for nearly twent}'' years, Mr. Hirst being engaged as a car- 
penter. In the fall of 1872 George Hirst, his attention having been attracted 
to the possibilities presented in this region, came to Kansas looking for land. 
The lay of the land in Reno county pleased him and he homesteaded a tract 
in section 6, of Lincoln township. He then returned to Wisconsin and the 
next spring brought his family to Reno county and entered upon the occu- 
pation of his homestead, the Hirsts thus having been among the very earliest 
settlers of Lincoln township. George Hirst was an industrious farmer and, 
with the assistance of his sons, developed a fine property, the family coming 
to be regarded as one of the most substantial and influential in that neigh- 
borhood. Mr. Hirst not only was diligent in his own business, Ijut was atten- 
tive to the general needs of the community and served his township very 
acceptably for some time in the capacity of township trustee. He also was 
on his local school board for many years and in other ways did what he 
could to advance the common cause hereabout in pioneer days. His wife 
was a niember of the Episcopal church and she also was active in all good 
works, both being held in high esteem throughout that section of the county. 
George Hirst died on his farm on July 18. 1897, and his widow^ survived him 
for seventeen years, her death occurring at Hutchinson on September 25, 



fT 



V 




RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 97 

1914. They were the parents, of eight children, namely: Anna, who died 
at the age of sixteen; Hannah, now deceased, who married John Eaton, of 
Darlington, Wisconsin, who also is dead; George, a wealthy farmer, who 
died on the old homestead in Lincoln township on October 29, 191 5; Mary 
Ann, who died at the age of eighteen; Lila, now deceased, who married G. 
W. Woodard, of Hutchinson; Samuel, who married Myrtle Rogers and 
lives in Hutchinson, where he is a dealer in photographic supplies; Fred, a 
farmer in Center township, this county, and William, the immediate subject 
of this biographical sketch. George Hirst was the first photographer of 
Hutchinson and his daughter learned the trade and succeeded her father 
and Samuel then succeeded his sister and conducted the business until 19 15. 
So the Hirst family has been connected w^ith that business for many years. 

William Hirst was two years of age when his parents came to this 
county from Wisconsin and he grew to manhood on the homestead farm 
in Lincoln township, receiving his education in the school in district No. 41. 
He did not marry until he was thirty years of age and in the meantime 
remained on the home place, which he took charge of, in his mother's behalf, 
after the death of his father, in 1897. ^^^ 1912 he bought a quarter of a 
section of his own in Lincoln township and after his mother's death, in 1914, 
moved onto his own place, where he since has made his home and where 
he and his family are very pleasantly and comfortably situated. In addition 
to his land holdings in Lincoln township, Mr. Hirst is also the owner of a 
third interest in a half section of land in Arlington township and the owner 
of a cjuarter section in Hamilton county, this state, besides which he owns a 
house and lot in Hutchinson, at 410 B avenue, east, and is considered quite 
well-to-do. 

On October 23, 1900, William Hirst was united in marriage to Mar- 
garet Hardcastle, who was born at Hutchinson, this county, daughter of 
Joseph and ]\Iinnie Hardcastle, early residents of that city, the latter of 
whom is still living, and to this union one child has been born, a daughter, 
Margaret Elizabeth, born on September 28, 1903. Joseph Hardcastle for 
years was one of Hutchinson's best-known citizens. He was regarded as 
quite well-to-do until the '"boom"' collapsed after the middle eighties, at 
which time it was found that he had lost practically all his fortune in the 
sudden depreciation of property values which followed that collapse. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hirst are highly respected residents of their neighborhood, taking 
an active part in the common life of that community, and are held in high 
esteem bv all thereabout. 

(7a) 



98 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

JOHN S. SIMMONS. 

John S. Simmons, a well-known lawyer of Hutchinson, fonner speaker 
of the Kansas House oi Representatives and prominently identified with 
banking interests hereabout, is a native son of Kansas, born in Douglas 
county in i860. Upon concluding his studies at Baker University he began 
to read law and was admitted to practice, at the bar of the Crawford circuit 
court, in 1886. He opened an office for the practice of his profession at 
Dighton and quickl}- took a prominent place in the general affairs of that 
part of the state. For two terms he served as county attorney for Lane 
count}-; represented that county in the lower house of the Kansas General 
Assembly for two terms and in 1907 was elected speaker of the House. 
From 1899 to 1904 Mr. Simmons served as superintendent of the Kansas 
state reformatory and was a member of the board of management of that 
institution for four years, being appointed by Governor Hoch. In 1895 
he was elected president of the State Bank of Dighton, which position he 
ever since has held, and is also a director of several other banks. Follow- 
ing his service as speaker of the House ]\Ir. Simmons became attracted to 
Hutchinson as a desirable place of residence and in June, 1907, moved to 
that city, where he ever since has made his home. He formed a partner- 
ship with \\'hiteside & Tyler in the practice of the law and upon the disso- 
lution of that firm began to practice alone and so continued until 1910, 
in which year he formed a partnership with Ray H. Tinder, which arrange- 
ment continued' for three years. In 19 13 Mr. Simmons admitted into part- 
nership his nephew. K. K. Simmons, who was graduated from the law 
school of Kansas University in that }-ear. and this mutually agreeable 
arrangement continues. In addition to his extensive general practice Air. 
Simmons 4ias for many }ears served as attorney for the Santa Fe Railroad 
Compan\-. Since taking u]) his residence in Hutchinson AFr. Simmons has 
continued his active interest in political affairs and is regarded as one of 
the leaders of the Repul)lican party in this section of the state. In 1914 
he was his party's nominee for Congress from the seventh Kansas district, 
but his candidacy was no more successful than that of the general ticket 
that year. 

In 1886 John vS. Simmons was united in marriage to Fmma Brown, 
daughter of Capt. G. W. Brown, of Osage county, this state, and to this 
union four children have been born. Mrs. Simmons is a prominent figure 
in Kansas club circles and is past president of the Kansas Day Club. Air. 
Simmons is one of the directors of the Hutchinson Young Alen's Christian 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 99 

Associalion. a nK'nil)er of llic I lutcliinson Commercial Cliil) and a member 
of the Hutchinson C"ountry Chil). in the affairs of all of which organizations 
he takes a warm interest. 



WILLIAM D. SHULER. 



William D. Shuler, one of the oldest and best-known pioneers of this 
county, for years lo^■ing■ly kncjwn throughout the Grant township neighbor- 
hood as "Squire" Shuler, is a native of Virginia, having been l)orn in Page 
county, that state, on June 23, 1833, son of George and Tabitha ( D(jvel) 
Shuler, both natives of that same count}-, the former of whom, born on 
December 2^, i794. died on April 28, 1873, and the latter, born in 1796, 
died on June 8, 1857. The former was a member of the Methodist church 
and the latter of the Christian church. They were the parents of eight 
children, five sons and three daughters, of whom the subject of this sketch 
is the youngest, and only three survive, the others having been John, Diana 
D., Noah W., Elizabeth Ann Aylshire, who died at the age of twenty-four; 
George W., Andrew Jackson and Sarah Jane, who married John Aylshire, 
her brother-in-law, who was killed in battle during the Civil \\ ar. and who 
later married James E. Morris and died in this county in 1895. '^"'^l h^ ^li^^l 
later. 

George Shuler was the son of John Shuler, who was born in Pennsvl- 
vania, son of John Shuler, a German, who came to America and settled in 
Pennsylvania. The younger John Shuler married a Keyser in Pennsvl- 
vania and later moved to A'irginia, where he became a large landowner, and 
where he spent the rest of his life. Grandmother Shuler died in Illinois at 
the age of ninety-five years. She married IMike Ste]). George Shuler was 
reared on the plantation in \'irginia and in turn became a large landowner 
and one of the leading men in his neighborhood. His first wife died in 
1857 and he married, secondly, a \\idow, Wrs. Kite, and l:)oth spent their 
last days in Virginia. 

William D. Shuler li\ed on the home ])lace in Virginia until he was 
growai, acquiring a liberal education meanwhile, and his father gave him 
half the home farm of nearly four hundred acres, on which he lived until 
1875, t^"*^ time of his coming to this county. When A^irginia ordered a vote 
on secession in 1861 he was one of twelve voters in his precinct who voted 
for a continuance of the LTnion. He was drafted into the Second \^irginia 
Infantry, under "Stonewall" Jackson, despite his oj^position to secession and 

562774A 



lOO RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

served for a year before employing a substitute to take his place, during 
which time he participated in the battles at Blue's Gap and near Harper's 
Ferry. Ujxm leaving the army he returned home and there was seized by 
Union forces. Upon explaining his position toward secession, however, he 
was released and the federal soldiers gave orders that his place should not 
be molested. 'J'hey had destroyed all other property in the valley. In 1875, 
attracted b}' the promising word from this section of the country, Mr. .Shu- 
ler came to Kansas, locating in Reno county. He bought Lon Mead's relin- 
quishment to eighty acres and the relinquishment of an adjoining eighty in 
section 28 of John Gaus, in Grant township, and there he established his 
new home. At first he ])uilt a small frame house, twelve by sixteen feet, 
and in 1878 built a better house. On his place at that time there were the 
only three trees. One of these trees, a giant cottonwood, five feet in diame- 
ter at the base, stood until 191 5, when it went down during a heavy wind 
storm. ]\rr. Shuler prospered from the very beginning of his farming 
operations and has assisted in buying farms for all of his sons, more than a 
section of land in all. 'Sir. .Shuler f|uickly took his place as one of the lead- 
ing men in that community. He had served as justice of the peace in his 
\'irginia home and presently his pioneer neighbors elected him justice of 
the peace- in Grant township, a position he held for years, and is still known 
as ''Sfjuire" by his many friends thereabout and throughout the county. He 
was also trustee for a number of years. He is a Democrat, though quite 
liberal in his political views, and has also voted the Prohibition ticket, He 
is an ardent Methodist and the year after his arrival in this county went 
around the neighborhood stirring up sentiment in behalf of the establish- 
ment of a Sunday school in Grant township and succeeded in having such 
an institution started in the school house near his home. He later headed a 
subscription paper with a liberal subscription and' took it around among his 
neighlxjrs and thus secured the establishment of the ^Mitchell ATethodist 
church in his home townshi]). nf which he has been one of the leading mem- 
bers for many years. 

On .August (). 1855, in I'agc county. \'irginia. ^^'ilh'am D. Shuler was 
united in marriage to Sarah Ann Koontz. who was born in that county, 
August j8. 1839, daughter of Da\id and l-llizabcth Koontz, natives of \^ir- 
ginia, and to this union fwe children were born, nameh^ : Preston P., a 
cement manufacturer and farmer, of Wakeeney, this state: Jacoli O.. of 
whom further mention is made later on in this review; Lee. a fruit raiser 
at Hotchkiss, Colorado; Martin B., who is now living retired at Santa Rosa, 
California, and Walter, who is engaged in the dairv business in Reno town- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. lOl 

ship, this countv. Tlie mother of these chihh-cn (hcd on Octoher 19, 1896, 
and for the past few vears Mr. .Shnler has 1)een making his home with his 
sons. 

Jacob O. Shuler, who was horn in Page county, \'irginia, on Fel)rnary 
4, 1859, was si.xteen vears of age when his father, W'ilham D. Shuler. came 
to this county with his father, and he grew to manhood on the old .Shuler 
farm in (irant township. Following his marriage, in the fall of 1884. he 
bought the" northeast quarter of section ly. in Grant township, and there 
established his home and has lived there ever since. He later bougb.t a half 
section in Reno township and also a quarter section. He is a Democrat and 
has taken an active interest in Icjcal political affairs and is now treasurer of 
his home township. He and his family are members of the Methodist 
church and he gave the land on which the Mitchell Methodist church was 
built, on one corner of his farm. He is a member of the Court of Honor 
and takes a warm interest in the affairs of this society. Mr. Shuler is an 
extensive farmer and has given much attention also to raising cattle and 
hogs. 

On November 6, 1884, Jacob O. Shuler was united in marriage to 
Annie Cook, who was 1;)orn in Gloucestershire, England, daughter of Joseph 
and Martha (Barnes) Cook. Mrs. Shuler came to this county in June. 
1883, in company wdth her sister, Mrs. Laura Baddeley. and her two 
brothers. Fred Cook, the present ma}or of Hutchinson, and Walter Cook, 
also of Hutchinson. To Mr. and i\[rs. Shuler four children have been born, 
as follow: A\'illiam Archie, born on October 13. 1885, at home; Flarold, 
August 17, 1887, who married Alyrtle Oldsworth and lives on a farm in 
Reno township; Gill)ert A., December 17, 1893, and Annie Gertrude. Octo- 
ber 6, 1895, married Arthur W. Lancaster and lives in I'ieno township. 



TFTOMAS G. AR^IOUR, 



Thomas G. Armour, one of the publishers (^f llic Wholesaler, pub- 
lished at Flutchinson, this county, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on 
December 6, 1872, son of Thomas D. and Eliza (Sloan) Armour, the 
former of whom was born in Randolph county, Illinois, in 1830. and the 
latter in Belfast, Ireland, in September, 1837. Thomas D. Armour was a 
son of lames C. Armour, a native of Scotland and an earl\- settler in Ran- 
dolph county, Illinois. Eliza Sloan was a daughter of Robert and Belle 



102 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Sloan, both of whom were born in Count v Antrim, Ireland, where their last 
days were spent. In 1848 the three Sloan children, Robert, Jr., aged six- 
teen; Belle, aged fourteen, and h'liza. aged eleven, came to America and 
made their way to St. Lotiis, where thev were received b}- friends of the 
family, and where Robert, now deceased, went to work for the \\'hittier 
Packing Company, lie Itaving learned something of the packing business in 
Belfast, where his father was engaged as a meat packer. Aunt Belle Sloan, 
who never married, also is now deceased, the only one of that family now 
surviving being Eliza, who is living at Wichita. 

Thomas D. Armour was reared on a farm in Illinois. As a young man 
he went to St. Louis, where he engaged in the transfer business and where 
he lived until 1890, in which ^■ear he moved to Wichita, this state, becoming 
a considerable landowner, and there he died in August, 1906. For some 
time before moving to Wichita, Thomas D. Armour had been engaged in 
the development of coal lands in southern Illinois. He and his wife were 
the parents of three children, Robert, a farmer, living in South Dakota; 
Thomas G., the subject of this biographical sketch, and Belle, who lives 
with her mother at \\'ichita, this state. 

Thomas G. Armour was reared in St. Louis, in the public schools of 
which cit\' he received his education. As a boy he learned the printer's 
trade in St. Louis and in 1890 went to Sterling, this state, where for three 
years he was engaged in the printing" business whh J. E. Junkin. In 1893 
he moved to Hutchinson, where he became employed in tlie job department 
of the Hutchinson News, and has ever since made that city his home. Mr. 
Armour continued on the staff of the A'rr».,s- until 1005, and in 1906 he and 
.A. L. Sponsler began the publication of the Times. The next year, in 1907, 
they also began the jjublication of The Wholesaler, and in 1910 they 
merged the Times with 7 /;<■ Jrholesaler and discontinued the publication of 
the former paper, 77/r Wholesaler still being continued and is (|uitc suc- 
cessful, Mr. .Armour being the active manager of the same. Shortly after 
the Times was started. Messrs. Armour and Spon.sler erected a two-story 
office l)uilding at too-ioj South Main street. >dr. Armour takes consid- 
erable interest in other enter])risc's of one kind and rmother in Hutchinson 
and is one of the incor])orators of the Central ."^^tate Bank. incor])orated in 
1915. 

On .A])ril 8. 1901. Thomas G. .Armour was united in marriage to 
Fannie M. Graves, who was born in Troy townshij). this count}", daughter 
of \\'illiam and Hannah ( ^'ardy ) Graves, who was accounted among the 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. IO3 

earliest settlers of Reno county and both of whom are still livinc(, comfort- 
ably and pleasantly retired at their home in South Keno. 

William Graves was l>orn in Cambridgeshire, b'ngland. on February 2. 
1836. son of James and Mary (Coxell) Graves, farming peo])le, the former 
of whom was a Baptist and the latter of whom held to the views of the 
established church. They were the parents of six children, two sons and 
foiu" daughters. Both of the sons, John and \\^illiam, and two of the 
daughters, Sarah and Betsey, came to America, William being but seven- 
teen years of age at the time he arrived on the shores of the New W^orld. 
John Graves is still living, a prosperous retired farmer in Benton county, 
Indiana; Sarah, who married William Burton, lives in Nebraska, and Mrs. 
Betsey Clinton died in Michigan. The father of these children came to 
America when seventy-five years of age to spend his last days with his 
children and died in Benton county, Indiana, at the age of ninety-seven. 

Upon reaching the United States, William Graves located in Niagara 
county, New York, where he worked on a farm and on the Erie canal for 
three years. In 1856, the year following his marriage in Niagara county, 
he bought a farm of eighty acres in Benton county, Indiana, to which he 
later added until, in February, 1876, at which time he moved with his 
family to Troy township, this county, he having two years before bought 
three hundred and twenty acres of railroad land in that township, and there 
he lived until January, IQ08. when he and his wife retired from the farm 
and moved to South Hutchinson, where they now live, being very comfort- 
ably situated there. William Graves, during the active days of his farming 
operations, was one of the most extensive cattlemen in Reno county, his 
farm, which he had enlarged by the purchase of additional tracts until it 
comprised four hundred and eighty acres, having mainly been given over 
to the raising of purebred Durham cattle. He is an ardent Republican and 
during his residence in Troy township served on the school board. 

On June 26. 185s. in Niagara county. New York, W^illiam Graves was 
vmited in marriage to Hannah Yardy, who was born June 21, 1836, in the 
town of March, Cambridgeshire, England, daughter of ^^'illiam and Anne 
Yardy, both natives of the same section of England, the former of whom 
was foreman of a large estate. Hannah Yardy was 1)ereft of her father by 
death when she was little more than a year old and her mother died when 
she was fifteen years of age. In 1854 she came, with her sister, Anne, and 
the latter's husband, A\'illiam Clark, to America, settling, with them, in 
Niagara county. New York, where she was married in the following year. 
To William and Hannah Graves eleven children were born, namelv : lames, 



I04 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

who lives on a farm in Reno township, this county; W'ilham, who hves in 
Benton county, Indiana; ^ylary. who died in infancy; John R., a bridge car- 
penter, who hves at Fruita. Colorado; Sarah, who married John Tharp 
and lives in Hutchinson, this county; Henry A., who lives on one of the old 
home farms in Troy township; Lily, who married James Dawson and lives 
on a farm in Troy township; Fannie AL, who married Mr. Armour; Rose, 
who lives in Hutchinson, widow of William Lewis, and Frankie, who died 
in infancy. 

To Thomas G. and Fannie 'M. ( Graves) Armour two children have 
been born. Phylis, born in igoj, and Thomas G., Jr., August 22, 1914. 
^Ir. and Mrs. Armour have a very pleasant home at 812 North Walnut 
street built in 1902. and are held in high esteem by their many friends in 
and about Hutchinson. ]\[r. Armour is a member of the Ancient Order of 
United A\'orkmen and of the Knights of Pythias and take a warm interest 
in the affairs of both of these orders. 



LEM P. HADLEY 



Levi P. LTadley, a well-known pioneer of Reno county and honored 
veteran of the Civil War, who is now living comfortably retired from the 
more active duties of life on his fine farm in Reno township, where he has 
made his home since 1874, is a Hoosier, a member of the famous Hadley 
family, well known throughout central Lidiana, which has numbered among 
its members a judge of the supreme court of Indiana, a treasurer of state 
and others distinguished in the civic and social life of the old Hoosier state. 
He was lx)rn in Hendricks county, Indiana, not far southwest of the state 
capital, on February 25, 1840, son of Joab and Mary (Pickett) Hadley, both 
natives of North Carolina, of Quaker parentage, whose respective parents 
had settled in the Plainfield neighborhood of Hendricks county at an early 
day in the settlement of that sterling old Quaker community. 

Joab Fladley was one of the leaders in the Quaker community and was 
the owner of a farm of two hundred acres in Hendricks county. He mar- 
ried Mary Pickett and to this union five children were lx)rn, namely: Calvin, 
who died in Douglas county, Kansas; Atlas, who is still living in Hendricks 
county. Indiana ; Melissa, who married Wesley Kellum and died in Indiana 
in 1913; Levi P.. the immediate subject of this biographical sketch, and 
Hannah, who married Noah Kellum and died in July, 19 15, in Hendricks 





.J^ Hoxiu 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. IO5 

county, Indiana. Joab liadlcy died in 18.4.2 and his widow married, secondly, 
Jacob Chandler, a prominent member of the Quaker community there, a 
farmer of means, and to this union three sons were born, John, who lives 
in Hendricks county, Indiana; Hadley, who died in 1900, and William, who 
is living- at Plainfield, Indiana. Jacob Chandler died on his home farm in 
Indiana at the age of eighty years and his widow died in 1900, at the age of 
eighty- four. 

Levi P. Hadley was reared on the farm in Hendricks county, Indiana, 
receiving his elementary education in the district schools of Guilford town- 
ship, that county, which he supplemented by a short course in Earlham Col- 
lege, at Richmond, that state. On July 28, 1861, he enlisted for service in 
behalf of the Union in Company E, Twenty-sixth Regiment, Indiana \^ol- 
lunteer Infantry, and served for three years and fifty-five days. During 
this service he participated for four weeks in the siege of Vicksburg and 
took part in the memorable Yazoo River expedition. During the battle 
of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, he was' severely wounded in the knee. Upon 
the conclusion of his military service, Mr. Hadley returned to his home in 
Indiana and on September 12, 1865, was united in marriage to Mary Jane 
Jessup, who was born and reared in Hendricks county, that state, and who 
was generally and lovingly referred to throughout that community as "the 
best and brightest girl in the township." Mr. Hadley had inherited a tract 
of sixty-four acres, his portion of his deceased father's estate, and on that 
small farm he and his wife and their growing little family made their home 
until 1874, in the fall of which year they came to Kansas, settling on a 
tract of railroad land in Reno township, this county, where they established 
their permanent home and where Mr. Hadley is still living. 

Mr. Hadley had made a trip to this county in August, 1874, and, 
despite the horrid scourge of grasshoppers which the pioneers had endured 
that summer, was so deeply impressed by the possibilities presented here- 
about as a choice agricultural region that he bought the north half of section 
3, township 26, range 6 west, in Reno township, and immediately made 
arrangements for the removal of his family to this county, and they arrived 
here on November 18, following. Mr. and Mrs. Hadley at once took a lead- 
ing part in the development of a higher social order in this county and from 
the very day of their arrival here their influence ever'' was exerted in behalf 
of better things. Mr. Hadley was a vigorous and progressive farmer and 
prospered in his agricultural operations, soon becoming recognized as one 
of the county's most substantial citizens. 

In the absence of an organization of a Society of Friends hereabout. 



106 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Mr. and r^Irs. Hadley identified themselves with the Alethodist communion 
and immediatel}- became leaders in the same. Mrs. Hadley's native ability 
and strong and admirable force of character quickly brought her to the 
front in all woman's movements here and she was particularly active in the 
ranks of the \\'oman's Christian Temperance Union, by both voice and pen, 
even from the very first days of the prohibition agitation in this state, labor- 
ing in that behalf and will e\er be remembered as one of the faithful leaders 
in the movement which eventually gave to Kansas its state-wide prohibitory 
law with relation to the liqucn- traffic. She was superintendent of the evan- 
gelistic department of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union and when 
the issue of "wet" and '"dry" came up in Reno county she swung the tide of 
battle in the balloting from what had seemed an inevitable "wet" victory to 
a victory for the "drys." It was generally conceded by all that the colored 
vote, which then held practically the balance of power, would be cast in 
favor of the "wets." But nothing daunted by this seeming- preponderance 
against the cause she so ardently was advocating. ]\Irs. Hadley went right 
among the colored voters and so strongly influenced them in behalf of the 
prohi])ition cause that the county turned a sufificient majority in favor of the 
"drys," the old politicians ungrudgingly giving her full credit for having 
altered the whole course of a campaign which they had regarded as closed 
when their "straw" A'otes had revealed an apparently overwhelmingly pre- 
ponderance of "wet" sentiment. ^Ivs. Hadley was working in behalf of the 
Evangelistic L'nion. which organization made her superintendent of the work 
among the colored ])eople. Mr. Hadley also was a strong supporter of the 
prohibition cause and was one of the most vigorous and effective champions 
of the "drys." 

In 1889 Mr. and Mrs. Hadley recognized the need of a church in the 
then rapidly develo])ing manufacturing section of the city of Hutchinson, 
it Ijeing apparent to them that the peo])le living in that section were not 
properly favored in the matter of a church or other proper social center. 
Mr. lladlev shouldered the rcs])onsibilitv for the undertaking:, sienine the 
notes for the erection of the church 1)uilding on A^■enue F, and for several 
years, until the new congregation had proved itself self-supporting, practi- 
cally carried the church along, guaranteeing the minister's salary and seeing 
to the upkeep of the church. The grateful people who came to form the 
congregation of the church in Avenue F flisplayed their appreciation of Mr. 
Hadley's efforts and the church to this day is known as the Hadlev Meth- 
odist church, a very proper memorial to the unselfish labors of Mr. and Airs. 
Hadley in its behalf. Mrs. Hadley died on February 22, 1903, and there 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. • IO7 

was wide mourniiit;- llironghoiit the county at the news of her passing, for 
she was a woman who liad done well her jjart in the s(jcial development of 
this county. To Mr. and Mrs. I ladley three children were l>orn. Herbert. 
wlio is managing his father's extensive farm in Reno township and in 
whose household his venerable father is making his home, married Rosa 
Burch and has four children, Eldon, Mary. John and Rose Elizal)eth ; Wilma, 
who died May 8. 19 12. married George B. Manning and lived in the city of 
Hutchinson and had si.x children. Marian, Winifred, Jane, Florence, Marie 
and Msable: Alta G. married William Newling, proprietor of a dairv farm in 
Reno township, and has two children, George and Nina. 



JOHN WESLF.Y GLASS. 

John Wesley Glass, a Well-known and prosperous farmer of Lincoln 
township, this county, now practicallv retired from the active labors of the 
farm, is a native of the great Keystone state, having been born in Franklin 
county. Pennsylvania. April 17, 1853. son of Jacob and Sarah Ann (Guth- 
rie) Glass, both natives of that same county and who spent their lives there. 

Jacob Glass was a son of George and Hannah Glass, natives of Ger- 
many, who came with their respective parents to America in their child- 
hood, both families settling in Franklin county. George Glass was a soldier 
in. the patriot army during the Re\'olutionary War. and John W. Glass has 
the watch which his grandfather boueht in Baltimore the dav he was mus- 
tered out of the service at the close of the war in 1783. George Glass was 
a carpenter, and both he and his wife had been reared in the ^lennonite 
faith, though in later life they were earnest adherents of the ]\Iethodist 
church. He lived to the great age of one hundred and six years, and his 
wife lived to be ninety-six. Jacob Glass learned the mason's trade in his 
youth and became a very competent craftsman, in after years becoming a 
very successful contractor in that line. He married Sarah Ann (juthrie. a 
neighbor girl, who was born in Franklin county. Pennsylvania, daughter of 
James F. and Lsabelle Catherine ( Wagonseller) Guthrie, natives of England, 
who came to America, settling in Chester county, Pennsylvania, later mov- 
ing to Franklin^county. same state, and both of whom died in Chambersburg. 

When the Civil War broke out Jacol) Glass enlisted in Company A. 
One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Regiment. Pennsyhania Volunteer Lifan-* 
try, attached to Hancock's Brigade, with which he served for nine months. 



9 



I08 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

at tlie end of which time he enhsted with a \-eteran regiment, with which he 
served to the end of the war. his regiment having been engaged in such 
noted battles as those of Antietam, Gettysburg and Chancellorsyille. During 
the time of the rebel invasion of Pennsvlvania the city of Chambersburg 
was l)urned l)y the invaders and after the war Jacob Glass tilled large con- 
tracts for mason work in connection with the rebuilding of the city, having 
twenty-five or thirty men working under him for years. The battle of 
Gettysburg was fought within twelve miles of the Glass home and the roar 
of the battle shook the windows of the house. John W. Glass then was 
but ten years old, l)ut he was taking an active part on the outskirts of the 
desperate struggle between the two mighty armies and succeeded in cap- 
turing a gun from a straggling rebel soldier who was on the way to the 
battle and he still has that gun. in proof of his claim that although only ten 
years old at tlie time he silenced one rebel gun at Gettysburg. After the 
battle the lad carried water to the wounded on the battlefield, vivid memor- 
ies of that great l^attle still being retained by Mr. Glass. 

In 1859 Jacob Glass had bought a farm at the edge of the town of 
Scotland, in Franklin count}', and moved his family onto that place, which 
was the family home for years. In their declining years, Jacob Glass and 
wife moved to Green village, that same count}-, and there spent their last 
days, the former dying in October, 1896. at the age of seventy-eight, and 
the latter in 1903, at the age of eighty-six. Both were life-long members 
of the ^ilethodist church, in which faith their children were reared, and 
Jacob Glass had been for many years both a trustee and a steward of the 
church. He was a Republican and had served very efficiently as sheriff of 
Franklin county. He and his wife were the ]>arents of nine children, as 
follow": James A., who was shot and killed ])y a re])el spy at liis home; 
lsal)elle Catherine, who married John J. Allen, both now dead; George A., 
a bachelor, who died at llagerstown. Maryland, at the age of sixty-two; 
Jacob \\'., a Maryland merchant, now deceased; John \\'., tlie immediate 
subject of this biogra])hical sketch; Hannah Jane, who died in infancy; 
Sarah Elizabeth, who died at the age of fifteen years; Charles S., a mer- 
chant, who died at Greencastle. T'ennsylxania, in October, 1915. and A\'ill- 
iam 1''.. a merchant of Scotland. l'enns}l\ania. 

John W. (ilass receix'ed his early education in the school in the neigh- 
borhocKl of his home and all his life has added to that l:)y wide reading and 
close observation until he is regarded as a very well-informed man. He 
has traveled quite extensively and lias had a varied experience. He claims 
the distinction of being the onl}- man in Reno county who has met every 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. IO9 

President of the United States from Lincoln to Wilson and has shaken 
hands with all save Mr. Taft. the latter of whom was nursing a badly 
bruised hand, the result of too much handshaking during a previous recep- 
tion, at the time he had the honor of meeting him. At the age of twenty 
years, Mr. Glass left home and started firing a locomotive on the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad between Harrisburg and Altoona. After about eighteen 
months thus engaged he was caught in a nastv wreck and decided that the 
life of a railroader was not the life for him. After reaching that conclu- 
sion, Mr. Glass pursued the less hazardous life of a farmer for thirteen 
months, working as a farm hand on farms in Mahoning and Stark counties, 
Ohio, and in March, 1875, went to Richwood, in Union county, same state, 
and worked on a farm in that neighborhood until the following October, at 
which time he rented a farm near Prospect, Marion county. Tn 1877 he 
married the niece of the man who owned the farm and continued to make 
his home on that place until 1881. in which year he moved to Prospect, 
where he was engaged in the mercantile business until January i, 1886. 
He then sold his store and came to Kansas, settling in Meade county, wliere 
he pre-empted a quarter of a section of land, which he "proved up'' and 
sold, and in the fall of 1887 moved to the town of Meade, where he opened 
a general store, which he conducted until March i, 1890, on which date he 
sold out and came to this county, locating at Hutchinson, where he bought 
the Daniel Sickling meat market, at 10 South Main street, which he sold in 
the spring of 1891 and began \\^orking in the Hutchinson packing house, 
soon being promoted to the position of foreman in the same, and was thus 
engaged until 1894, in which year he engaged in the feed business at 4 
South Main street, in the same city. In October, of that same year, he sold 
his feed store and rented the E. L. Myers farm in Reno township, where 
he made his home for five years, at the end of which time, in the spring of 
1905, he moved to a farm in Lincoln township that he had bought the 
previous fall, the same being one-quarter of section 18, in that township, 
and there he has made his home ever since, being very well established and 
quite comfortably situated. LTpon taking possession he built a good farm 
house on his place and in 1910 built a fine, modern, concrete barn, which he 
declares is as thoroughly finished and as well equipped as any barn in the 
countv. Upon engaging seriously in the agricultural business. Mr. Glass 
went into the registered Shorthorn cattle business, also raising and market- 
ing some mules, and has made money out of his live-stock undertakings, 
besides being very successful in his general farming operations, being now 
regarded as one of the substantial farmers in his part of the countv. \\\ 



no RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

April, 1915. Air. Glass was struck liy an automobile and severely injured, 
the result of his injuries having left him so painfully crippled that he now 
is practically retired from the active labors of his farm, though still pos- 
sessed of his old ability as a manager and director of aflairs thereon. 

On Deceml^er 9. 1877, John \\'. Glass was united in marriage to Emma 
A. Freeman, who was born in Marion county, Ohio, daughter of Alvin A. 
and Louisa (Rush) Freeman, the former of whom was born in Marion 
county, Ohio, and the latter on the Atlantic ocean while her parents were 
coming to this country, and to this union the following children have been 
born, namely: Charles Orlando, born on April 27, i8cSi, who married 
Gertrude ]\Iinner, and is now a successful building contractor at Tampa, 
Florida; Lulu, August 23. 1883. who married C. E. \\ Coleman and lives 
in Reno township, this county; ^^'elcon'le E., April i, 1886, who married 
Marjorie Graves and lives in Reno township; Hazel, July 29, 1888, who 
married A. G. .Siegrist and lives in Reno township; Jacob A\'infield, Decem- 
ber 8, 1890. a teacher in the Reno county schools, \yho makes his home with 
his parents, and Mabel Juanita, ]\Iay 13. 1893, '^^so a school teacher, who 
lives at home. Mr. and Mrs. Glass are earnest members of the ^Methodist 
church and their children have been reared in that faith. Mr. Glass has been 
a class leader in the ^Methodist church continuously since 1875 and upon 
moving to Reno township, in T900, assisted in a Sunday school which had 
been organized in the Poplar school house. ' Out of that well-directed move- 
ment grew the organization of the Poplar ^Methodist Episcopal church, and 
for eight years after the church was Imilt he served very earnestly and ^erv 
efficiently as president of the board of trustees of the church. Mr. and Mrs. 
Glass for years have been regarded as among the leaders in the communitv 
life of their neighborhood and they and their family are held in high e.steem 
throughout that entire section of the county. Mr. Glass is a Republican 
and ever has given a good citizen's attention to the political affairs of the 
countv, though never having been included in the office-seeking class. 



IH-CTDR K1'.\X1-:T1I AIcLEOD. 

Though a com])aratively newcomer in Reno countv, H. K. McLeod, 
president of the Reno State P.ank at Hutchinson, has firmly established him- 
self in the regard of those connected with the commerccial and financial 
circles of this county and is being generally recognized as one of the leading 
financiers of this section of the state. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I 1 I 

Hector Kenneth McLeod was born in Trince luhvard Island, Canada, 
on Septeml)er 25, 1868, son of Donald and Anne (McKenzie) McLeod. both 
natives of that same place, the former born on January 20, 1826, and the 
latter October 10, 1836, and both are still livini^-. Donald McLeod is the 
son of Angus McLeod, and Anne (McKenzie) McLeod is the daughter of 
Hector Kenneth McKenzie. both born and reared near Belfast, Ireland, of 
Scotch Highlander descent and l)oth of whom were elders in the Presbyter- 
ian church for more than fifty years. In 1804 Angus McLeod and Hector 
. Kenneth McKenzie emigrated, with their respective families, to Prince Ed- 
ward Island, landing- from the good ship "Polly," that having l)een about 
the time the b^rench were dri\en out of Arcadia, an event made famous by 
Longfellow's "Evangeline," and there both the McLeods and the McKenzies 
became farming people. 

Donald McLeod was reared on the paternal farm in Prince Edward 
Island and upon reaching manhood engag"ed in the mercantile business at 
Eldon, in his native island, and he and his wife still live there, though he 
has been retired from lousiness for the past thirty years. He has been an 
elder in the Presbyterian church for the past forty-five years and is regarded 
as one of the leaders in his community. He and his wife have a very pleas- 
ant home and one hundred acres of land. To them four children were 
born, namely: Rev. M. J. AIcLeod, pastor of St. Nicholas German Re- 
formed church in New York City, established in 1728, the oldest church in 
that city, and attended by the old Dutch families of Gotham's "400;'' 
Davina, who married Dr. Harry D. Johnson and lives at Charlottetown ; 
Hector Kenneth, the immediate subject of this biographical sketch, and Ada 
Belle, who married Arthur G. Putnam, manager of the Royal Bank at A\an- 
couver, British Columbia. 

Hector Kenneth McLeod. in the days of his youth, spent his school 
vacations in the store of his father, acquiring an excellent commercial edu- 
cation. The schooling he received in the public schools of his home town 
was supplemented by a course at Prince of Wales College, from which he 
was graduated in 1890, after which he became connected with the legal 
department of the Phoenix Insurance Company, of Brooklyn, New York, 
and was stationed in the company's offices at Chicago, where he remained 
until 1899. In the meantime he had been sedulously pursuing his legal 
studies, and in 1898 he was graduated from the Chicago College of Law. 
In 1899 he came to Kansas, locating at Ellis, where he organized the Ellis 
State Bank and was at the head of the same, acting as cashier for thirteen 
years, at the end of which time, in 1913, he liought an interest in the Reno 



112 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

State Bank, of Hutchinson, this county, and was made vice-president of the 
same. He then moved to Hutchinson and on January i, 191 5. was elected 
president of the l)ank. Upon leaving VAWs, Mr. McLeod did not sever his 
connection with the i^llis State Bank, and is now vice-president of that 
institution. 

On June 26, 1901, Hector Kenneth McLeod was united in marriage to 
Helen E. Burbank, A\ho Avas born in Montreal, Canada, daughter of Robert 
and Emily Burbank, who came to Kansas in 1890, settling at Ellis, where 
Robert Burbank. who is now deceased, was for some years engaged in 
mercantile business, and where his widow is still living. To Mr. and Mrs. 
McLeod two children have been born, Donald Angus, born on September 
3, 1903, and Hector Kenneth, Jr., May 10, 1907. 



SAMUEL D. GASTON. 



To the late Samuel D. Gaston, for many years a prominent farmer 
and cattleman of this county, belonged the honor of having been the first 
homesteader south of the Arkansas river in Reno county. When he filed 
his claim there the stakes marking the site of the city of Hutchinson had 
not yet been driven and the county had not yet been organized. He took a 
leading part in the development of social and economic conditions in his 
neighborhood and was a substantial and useful citizen, whose memory ever 
will be cherished thereabout. 

Samuel D. Gaston was born in the county of A\'heeling, \'irginia (now 
\\''est \^irginia), April 24, 1827, son of John and Mary (Farris) Gaston, 
it that the ancestor of the Gaston family in America was a younger brother 
of a king of France, and held a stronghold in northern France. The king 
both natives of that state, members of old colonial families. Tradition has 
sent a strong force against him, but he and his followers defeated the king's 
forces, routing them utterly. Gaston knew, however, that his victory was 
only temporary ; that he could not long hold out against the resources of 
France, and believing that di.scretion was the better part of valor, crossed 
the channel and found refuge in Ireland, becoming there the founder of a 
numerous family, a descendant of one branch of which emigrated to Ameri- 
ca in an early day in the settlement of the colonies and became the founder 
of the family in this country. John Gaston was reared a farmer in Virginia 
and there married Mary Farris. some years later, when his son, Samuel D. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. II3 

was a child, locating in Delaware county, Ohio, where he and his wife spent 
the remainder of their lives. They were earnest memhers of the Presby- 
terian church and their chiklren were reared in that faith. 

Samuel D. Gaston was reared on a farm in Delaware county, Ohio, and 
was married in that neighborhood. Shortly thereafter 'he moved to Illinois, 
his elder brother iKuing- previously established a large stock farm in McLean 
county, that state, and after a sometime residence in that county moved over 
into Logan county, same state, where he l^ought a farm, where he remained 
until he and his family came to Kansas in the spring of 1871. Upon arriv- 
in this state the Gastons settled at Paoli, in Miami county, where they spent 
the season. Li August, of that year. Samuel D. Gaston came over into the 
section now comprised in Reno county, hunting buffaloes. He was so well 
pleased with the appearance of the land hereabout that he filed a homestead 
claim on the southwest quarter of sction 4, township 24. range 5 west, 
which, when the county was later organized, lay in Lincoln township, and 
in 1914, upon the organization of Yoder township, became a part of the 
latter township. Samuel D. Gaston's claim was the first filed on land south 
of the river in Reno county. At that time there was not even a shack on 
the site of the present flourishing city of Plutchinson and the county had 
not been organized. Upon filing his claim, Mr. Gaston built a sod shanty 
on his tract and then returned to Paoli. where he wintered with his family. 
In the following February he and his eldest son. S. Clinton Gaston, started 
for Reno county, and on March 2, 1872, reached their homestead. ^^Ir. 
Gaston found that a party of Texas cowboys who had been herding cattle in 
that locality had taken possession of his sod shanty, but there was no diffi- 
culty in establishing his rights and he set about preparing the place for the 
reception of his family, his wife and the other children joining him and his 
eldest son in the little sod shanty on the plain in ]\Iay. There Samuel D. 
Gaston established his home, later erecting a more suitable residence, which, 
in 1893, he supplanted by the fine, large house which now marks the home- 
stead, and there he spent the rest of his life, becoming a prosperous farmer 
and cattleman. He started his herd in 1874 and for years was actively 
engaged in cattle raising, in which he did well, at the time of his death, in 
June, 1904, being regarded as one of the most substantial citizens of that 
part of the county. 

In 1854 Samuel D. Gaston was united in marriage in Ohio to Hester 
A. White, who was born in Morrow county, that state, daughter of Tim- 
othy and Sarah White, natives of Ohio, the former of whom was a well- 
(8a) 



114 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

known practicing physician in that section, who later moved from Ohio to 
iMissouri, thence to IHinois and thence to PaoH, Kansas, where JMrs. White 
died, Doctor White's last days being spent at the home of his daughter, 
^Irs. Gaston, in this county. To Samuel D. and Hester A. (White) Gaston 
seven children were born, as follow : Samuel Clinton, who is managing 
the old home farm in Yoder township ; Ida, now' deceased, who married 
Da^•id Tavlor, of Hutchinson, this countv ; William E., who is engag'ed in 
the life insurance business at W^ichita, this state; Alice, who married Harry 
\A'ainer, a well-known farmer of IJncoln township, this county; John Wal- 
ter, an extensive wheat farmer, of Pawnee county, this state; Grace, w^ho 
married A. H. ^IcHarg, a Lincoln township farmer, and Lee, unmarried, 
who lives with his*eldest brother on the old home farm. Mrs. Hester A. 
Gaston, widow of Samuel D. Gaston, died on October 17, 191 5. 

Samuel Clinton Gaston, eldest son of Samuel D. and Hester A. (White) 
Gaston, was born in Dalaware county, Ohio, in 1855, and received his early 
education in the district school in the neighborhood of his home there. He 
was fifteen years old when he came to this county wdth his father, and thus 
may be regarded as one of the very earliest settlers of Reno county. He 
went through all the hardships of pioneer life hereabout and has witnessed 
the complete development of this region from its primitive state to its 
present high state of cultivation. He has a distinct recollection of the days 
when the Santa Fe construction crew was driving the grade stakes along 
the line of the road where the populous city of Hutchinson is now situated, 
but on which there was then not a sign of the coming city, and also recalls 
having seen C. C. LIutchinson, founder of the city of Hutchinson, at Har- 
ner's shack on the north side of the river, before LIutchinson had decided 
where to set the stakes for the city he even then had in his mind's eye. The 
elder Gaston was much troubled with rlicumatism and e\"en from the days 
of his voung manhood, .'~^. C. Gaston took a lead in the work (^f developing 
the homestead. In kkjj he opened a general store in the new town of 
Yoder and was appointed first postmaster of that village, but the next year 
returned to the farm where he ever since has continued to reside. He is 
unmarried and he and his youngest brother, Lee, fjuite successfully "bach 
it'' together in the old home. I-'or several years they were engaged in the 
wholesale dairy business, with a line herd of Jcr.seys. S. C. Gaston is an 
active and influential Republican and was elected first trustee of Yoder 
township upon the creation of that civic unit in 1014. He takes an earnest 
interest in general public affairs and is looked upon as a substantial and 
progressive citizen. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. II5 

DAVID !<:. RICiniART. 

Da\i(l E. Richhart, a well-known n;i(l well-to-do farmer of this C(junty, 
now living at Nickerson, is a natix'e of Illinois, having hel^n horn on a farm 
near Jacksonville, that state, November 2, 1855. son of Henry and Betty 
(Taylor) Richhart, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of England, 
who became pioneer residents of this county, where their last days were 
spent. 

Henry Richhart, an honored veteran of the Civil War, was hcjrn near 
Chillicothe, in Ross county, Ohio, September ly, 1829, son of Elenry and 
Susanna Richhart, natives of Pennsylvania, and farming people, who moved 
to Ohio in early days and spent the rest of their lives in the Chillicothe 
neighborhood. They were members of the Alethodist church and substan- 
tial people in that community. The younger Henry Richhart was reared 
in Ohio and when a young man moved to Illinois, wdiere he became a 
farmer. On February 10, 1852, he married, at Aaronsville, that state, 
Betty Taylor, who was born in England on May 9, 1834. and who was 
seven years old when her parents, Ernest and Alice Taylor, came to this 
country from England, la.nding at New Orleans in 1841 and making their 
way up the river to Illinois, where they entered a homestead of eighty acres 
and spent the rest of their lives there. In August, 1861, Henry Richhart 
enlisted for service in the Civil War in the Twenty-first Regiment, Missouri 
Volunteer Infantry, with which he served for three years and seven months. 
He was in the battles of Bull Run, Vickslmrg, Chattanooga, Charleston and 
a number of other important engagements, besides marching with Sherman 
to the sea and from the effects of powder burns lost his sight. In 1873 
he and his familv came from Illinois to Kansas and he homesteade<l a tract 
of land on the border between Reno and Rice counties, part of the land 
lying in each countv, and there he established his home, remaining there 
until 1880, in which vear he and his wife retired from the farm and moved 
to Nickerson, where their last days were spent, her death occurring on ]\Iay 
14, 1903, and his on May 9, 1906. Both were earnest members of the 
Methodist church and were a.mong the organizers of a church of that denom- 
ination in their neighborhood in pioneer days, Henry Richhart serving as a 
trusteee of the same to the time of his death. For years also he was a 
justice of the peace and did his i)art well in the pioneer community. To 
him and his wife but two children were born, the subject of this sketch 
having had a sister, Alice, born on September 10, 1854, who married Daniel 



Il6 REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

\'an Xatton. a farmer living north of Xickerson, and she died at Xicker- 
son, May 22. 1907, without issue. 

David Richhart was about eighteen years old when he came to Kansas 
with his i^arents in 1873, and his schooling was completed in the school in 
district Xo. 24. one mile east of Xickerson, now recalled as the old Xicker- 
son school. He married in the fall of 1885 and homesteaded a farm not 
far from that of his father on the Reno-Rice county border, and proceeded 
to develop the same. He was a successful farmer and stock raiser and from 
the very first prospered in his operations, gradually enlarging his land hold- 
ings until he now is the owner of a fine farm of six hundred and forty 
acres, one-half of which lies in this county and the remainder in Rice county. 
In 1898 he retired from the farm and he and his family moved to X'icker- 
sofi, where they are very com.fortably and very pleasantly situated. ]Mr. 
Richhart is a director of the State Bank of X'ickerson and a stockholder in 
the Farmers Elevator Company, of the same place, long having been regarded 
as one of the most substantial and public-spirited men in that place. 

On October 15, 1885. David Richhart was united in marriage to ^lary 
Cochran, who was born in Pennsylvania on April 12, 1859, daughter of 
\\'illiam and Margaret (\Mlson) Cochran, and to this union three daugh- 
ters have been born, Ethel Lucile, born on Xovember 26, 1889; Alma ^la.T- 
garet, Xovember 2. 1891, and Letha Elizabeth. July 6, 1893; the two elder 
are teachers in the Reno and ^IcPherson county public schools and all three 
are graduates of the Reno county high school. Ethel and Alma are grad- 
uates of the Southwestern College at A\'ingate, Kansas, and Letha, the 
youngest, is taking the domestic science and art course at the Kansas State 
Agricultural College. Mrs. Richhart and her daughters are members of the 
Methodist church at Xickerson, and the family takes an earnest part in the 
general' good works of the comnnmity. 'S\r. Richhart is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen of .\merica and of the Anti-Horse-Thief Association, 
in the affairs of which organizations he takes a warm interest. 

Mrs. Richhart's father, William Cochran, was born in Ireland on Feb- 
ruary 22, 1 81 2, and when seven years of age came to America with his 
parents and his si.sters, l-'lizabeth and Jane, who settled^ near Jamestown, 
in Mercer county, Pennsylvania. I'dizabeth Cochran married Samuel Porter 
and Jane married Alexander McElhanney, the two families making their 
homes near the home farm, remaining there the rest of their lives. They 
were devout members of the Reformed Presbyterian (Covenanter) church. 
There William Cochran grew to manhood and in 1843, at Slippery Rock, 
Pennsvlvania, married Margaret \Mlson. who was born in 1820, daughter 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. # II7 

of Thomas aiul Margaret (.Xdanis) Wilson, the former of wlimn died on 
August 14, 1862, and the hitter September 26, 1865. Thomas Wilson was 
the son of Ezekiel and jane Wilson, who came to America from Scotland 
and settled near Newcastle, Pennsylvania, where their last davs were spent. 
They also were earnest members of the Reformed I'resbyterian church. To 
\\'illiam Cochran and wife nine children were born, Nancy Ann (deceased), 
Samuel R., iMargaret S.. Thomas Wilson. David H. (deceased), William 
R., Marv T. (\\ife of Mr. Richhart). Elizabeth Porter and Allen. 



FRED \A-. COOTER. 



Fred W. Cooter. president of the State Exchange Bank of Flutchin- 
son. is a native son of Kansas and has lived in this state all his life. Though 
not born in Reno county, he has lived here since his early infancy and has 
never known another home, being therefore, very properlv regarded as one 
of the real sons of Reno. He was born in Leavenworth, this state, Septem- 
ber 12, 1872, son of George W. and' Elizabeth (Plartford) Cooter, the for- 
mer of whom, now living retired in Hutchinson, was former treasurer of 
this county and for many years one of its most prominent and intiuential 
citizens. In a biographical sketch relating to the elder Cooter, presented 
elsewhere in this volume, there is set out a comprehensive history of the 
Cooter family in this county, to which the reader is respectfully referred in 
this connection for details regarding the genealogy of the subject of this 
biographical review. 

Fred W. Cooter was but one year old wdien his parents moved to Reno 
countv and became homesteaders in Little River township, thev being: among- 
the very earliest settlers and pioneers in that section of the countv. He was 
reared on the homestead farm and received his education in the public 
schools and a business college course, between terms of school, taking his 
full part in the laljor of developing the home place. A\'hen his father was 
elected county treasurer, in 1891, he moved with him to Hutchinson and 
served as deputy treasurer during the two terms in that office filled bv the 
elder Cooter, and thereafter served two years as deputv treasurer under 
\\'. E. Burns, his father's successor. In 1898 Mr. Cooter was made assistant 
cashier of the State Exchange Bank of Hutchinson, and presentlv was 
elected cashier of that institution, serving in that capacity until his election 
to the presidency of the bank in October, 1913, since which time he has 



Il8 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

cle\otL*(.l his l3est energies tu the success and de\elopment of that excellent 
financial institution. Mr. Cooter is an eneroetic. enterprising and puljlic- 
spirited man of affairs and holds a high position in the commercial and 
financial life of the comr.iunity. 

In 1895 Fred \\'. Cooter was united in marriage to ^Myrtle Synipson. 
Both are members of the Episcopal church and both he and his wife are 
deeply interested in all meastires designed to advance the general, moral and 
social interests of the community and take an interested part in local good 
works. Mr. Cooter is a member of the Ancient Order of United A\'orkmen 
and takes a warm interest in the affairs of that organization and is chair- 
man of the finance committee of the Grand Lodge. He has served as a 
member of the board of education of Hutchinson. 



JACOB A. YOUNG. 



Jacob A. Young, a well-known pioneer farmer of Roscoe township, 
this county, and an honored veteran of the Civil War, is a native of the 
great Keystone state, having been born in Millin county, Pennsylvania, 
February 4. 1845, ^'*" "^' J'>hn and Harriet (Rudy) Young, both natives of 
that same count)-, the former of whom was the son of John Young, a native 
of Germany, who settled in Alifiin county u])on coming to this country and 
there established the family. 

The vounger b'hn ^'oung was reared in Mifiin county, was married 
there and there he continued to make his home until 1864. in which year he 
came West and settled in Cedar count}-, Towa, where he lived on a rented 
farm until 1877, when he came to this county and joined his son, Jacob A., 
the subject of this sketch, who had located h.erc three years before, and here 
he died three years later, in 1880. He was a Republican and he and his 
wife were members of the Dunkard churcli, in which faith they reared their 
children, twelve in numl)er, Jacob A., Lewis, Daniel, Amanda, Noah, Adam, 
John. Alison, James, Aliigail, Ellen and I^lizabeth. all of whom are still 
living save Lewis, Daniel. l-'Jizabeth and Alisnn. 

Tacob A. Young was reared on the home farm in ^^Tiflin county, Penn- 
sylvania, receiving his education in the neighboring district school, and in 
1862, he then being but seventeen years of age, enlisted for service in the 
Union army during the Civil War, in Company T, Twelfth Pennsylvania 
Reserve, and while thus connected participated in the seven-days battle before 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 19 

Ivichniond. He tlien was stricken with tyi)hoi(l fever and upon his recovery 
w^as discharged on a physician's certificate of (hsahility. Later he re-enhsted 
and. as a meml)er of Company B, One Hundred and Forty-seventh Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Vohmteer Infantry, served until the close of the war, 
during- which service he was with Sherman to the sea. Upon the conclusion 
of his military service, Mr. Young rejoined his parents, who had meanw'hile 
moved to Iowa, and in that state, in 1870, married Sarah E. Hagarty, daugh- 
ter of S. K. Hagarty and wife, and in 1874 came to Kansas with his wife 
and two children, entered a soldier's claim to a tract of land in Roscoe town- 
ship, this county, established his home there and has ever since resided on 
that homestead, he and his wife long having been regarded as among the 
leading pioneer residents of that part of the county. To his original home- 
stead, Mr. Young has added by purchase until he now is the owner of three 
hundred and twenty acres and is looked upon as a very substantial citizen. 
He has taken an active part in local politics and has served as trustee, clerk 
and treasurer of Roscoe township. 

To Jacob A. and Sarah E. (Hagarty) Young nine children have been 
born, as follow: S. E., Albert, of Iowa; J. P., Rebecca, of Wichita; Rose- 
mary, also of Wichita; Delia, Pearl, of Wichita, who for two years served 
as assistant to the probate judge ; Elizabeth and Helen, all of whom are 
living. Mr. and Mrs. Young and their family are members of the Presby- 
terian church at Pretty Prairie and are active in the w^ork of that church. 
Mr. Young is an Odd Fellow, and both he and his wife are active members 
of the Daughters of Rebekah, in the affairs of which organization they 
take a w^arm interest. 



FREDERICK HIRST. 



Frederick Hirst, trustee of Center township, this county, and one of 
the best-known farmers of the Partridge neighborhood, is a native of Wis- 
consin, having been born in the town of Darlington, that state, August 24. 
1868, son of George and Elizabeth (Bilbrough) Hirst, both of whom were 
born in the city of Leeds, England, the former on June 21. 1825, and the 
latter May 19, 1828. 

George Hirst was trained to the cabinet-maker's trade in his native city 
and also obtained a fine practical knowledge of the photographer's art. He 
married in 1855 and he and his wife at once came to the United States, 
settling at Janesville, \^'■isconsin. There Mr. Hirst engaged in the cabinet- 



I20 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

making business antl made his home there for several vears, at the end of 
Avhich time he moved to Darlington, \\'isconsin, and established a photograph 
gallery, wliich he oi>erate(l until 1872. in the spring of which year he came 
to this county and opened a photograph gallery in the promising village of 
Hutchinson, then but a }-ear or two old. The next spring he brought his 
family here from Wisconsin and in that same year homesteaded the south- 
east quarter of section 6, in Lincoln township, this county. The next year, 
1874. he established his home on the' homestead tract and was living there 
when the grasshopper j^lague swept over this section, the voracious insects 
eating the siding off his house. In 1878 George Hirst turned the photo- 
graph gallery in Hutchinson over to his eldest son, George, and thereafter 
devoted his whole time to his farm, spending the rest of his life there. He 
and his wife were Episcopalians in their religious persuasion, but during 
their residence in this county were not affiliated with any local church. ISir. 
Hirst was a Democrat and for several years served as justice of the peace in 
and for Lincoln township. He died on July 25, 1898, and his widow sur- 
vived him for sixteen years, her death occurring on September 25, 1914. 
They were the parents of seven children, namely: Hannah, now deceased, 
who married John Eaton: George, Jr., a well-known farmer of Lincoln 
township, who died in the fall of 1915 and a memorial sketch of whom is 
presented elsewhere in this volume; Lida, who married George A. Wood- 
ward and died in 1885; ]\Iary Ann, who died in childhood: Samuel, of 
Hutchinson, who for years operated Hirst's i)hotographic studio in that 
city and who is now a tra\'eling salesman for a photograph supply house ; 
l-"rederick. the subject (if this sketch, and A\'illiam, a farmer of Lincoln town- 
ship, a sketch of whom is presented elsewhere in this volume. 

b'rederick Llirst was five years old when his parents moved to Hutchin- 
son from Wisconsin in 1873. The next year the family moved to the 
homestead farm in Lincoln townshij) and there he grew to manhood, receiv- 
ing his education in the district school in tlie neighborhood of the home 
farm and assisting in the development of the homestead until his marriage, 
in 1894. l-'our years before his marriage he had bought the south half of 
the southeast cjuarter of section 5, in Lincoln township, and after his mar- 
riage established his home on that place. .\ vear later, however, he sold 
that farm and bought the southeast quarter of section tt. in Center town- 
ship, where he ever since has made his home and where he is ^•ery pleasantly 
situated, the excellent farm house and other improvements on the place 
bespeaking the progressive character of the owner's farming methods. In 
1914 Mr. Hirst bought eighty acres of his father's old place in Lincoln 




RK.XO COUNTY, KANSAS. 121 

township and is also the owner of a one-third interest in a three-hundred- 
and-twenty-acre tract of pasture land, the west half of section 31 in Troy 
township. Mr. Hirst is a Democrat and is at ])resent serving- as trustee of 
Center townshii) and as school director for eii^hteen years, giving his most 
thoughtful attention to the administration of the affairs of that important 
office. He is a memher of the local lodge of the Modern Woodmen and 
takes a warm interest in the affairs of that organization. 

On March i, 1894, Frederick Hirst was united in marriage to Lucy 
Walter, who was born in Reno township, this county, December 16. 1873, 
daughter of Christopher and Eva (Lohr) Walter, both now deceased, who 
were pioneers of that section of the county, having homesteaded the south- 
east quarter of section 30 in Reno township in 1872, thus having been among 
the very earliest settlers of Reno count}-, and to this union four children 
have been born, as follow: George Walter, born on Julv 15, 1896, now 
attending an automobile school in Kansas City, Missouri ; Bert HarxTv, July 
25, 1898, .who is attending the high school at Partridge; Eva ]\Iarie, April 
16, 1907, and Frederick, Jr., November 30, 1914. 



WIELTA^r F. CARSON, 



William F. Carson, a well-known farmer of A'alley township, this county, 
an honored veteran of the Civil ^^'ar and a pioneer settler of Reno county, 
is a native of Ohio, having been born on a farm in Brown county, that state, 
September 24, 1840, son of William G. and Elizabeth ( Finley") Carson, 
both natives of that same state, the former of whom was born in Ross 
county and the latter in Brown county. 

\\^illiam G. Carson was reared on a farm in Ross county and u]wn 
reaching manhood's estate rented a farm there, after his marriage, and 
lived there until 1856. when he and his family drove through to \\'oodford 
county, Illinois, where he rented a farm and made his home. His wife died 
there in i860, at the age of forty-two years, and in 1868 he went to Adams 
countv, Iowa, where he spent the remainder of his life, his death occurring 
in 1892, at the age of eighty- four years. He was a Republican and he and 
his wife were members of the United Presbyterian church, in the rigid tenets 
of which faith their children were reared. There were ten of these children, 
namelv : ]\Irs. Margaret Parker, now living in Nebraska: William F.. the 
subject of this biographical sketch; ]\[ary, unmarried, who is making her 



122 REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 



home with her hruther-in-law in Liwa; Samuel, who hves in Idaho; Jane, 
now deceased, who married James Ramsev ; Wilson, who died in California 
in 191 5; Sarah, who died in her early girlhood; James, a Nebraska farmer; 
Ebenezer, who was last heard from in Alaska, and Cyrus, who died in 
infancy. 

\\'illiam F. Carson was about sixteen years old when he moved with 
his parents to Illinois, and he finished his schooling in the latter state. On 
August 13. 1862, he enlisted hi Company C, Seventy-seventh Regiment, 
Illinois A'olunteer Infantry, and served W'ith that regiment until the close 
of the Civil War, being mustered out at Alobile, Alabama, July 10. 1865. 
Mr. Carson participated in all the activities of his regiment up to the day 
of the great charge during the siege of Vicksburg, at which time he was 
captured by the enemy, ]\Iay 22, 1863. The next day he was paroled and 
he at once returned home on parole, where he remained until August 28, 
on which day he reported at the parole camp at Benton Barracks. In Novem- 
ber, 1863, he was exchanged and at once rejoined his regiment, then at 
Brady City. Following the Red River campaign the Seventy-seventh Illi- 
nois was sent to New Orleans for garrison duty, after which it was sent on 
to Mobile, in the siege and capture of which city it took a prominent part, 
and after participating in the reduction of Spanish Fort and Ft. Blakeley 
returned to ]\Iobile, where it was mustered out. 

Upon the conclusion of his military service, Mr. Carson returned to 
Illinois and began farming on his own account. He married in 1867. 
bought a farm, which he presently increased by further purchase and there 
made his home until he came to Kansas early in the spring of 1878. He 
disposed of his interests in Illinois and on March 11, 1878, chartered a car 
in which to transport his l>elongings and came to this county, his destination 
being Hutchinson. After looking about a bit he bought an eighty-acre tract 
in section 30. \'allcy township, and there established his home in a one-room 
house, which served as a dwelling until he later erected a more comfortable 
dwelling. There he lived for six years, at the end of which time, in 1884, 
he bought another ''eighty'' in the same section and moved onto the latter, 
where he still makes his home and where he and his wife are very pleasantly 
and comfortably situated. Mr. Carson was a Republican until the forma- 
tion of the Progressive party in 191 2, since which time he has favored the 
latter party. In 1894 he was elected justice of the peace for Valley town- 
ship for two years. He is an active member of Joe Hooker Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, at Hutchinson, and takes a warm interest in the 
affairs of that patriotic organization. 



KENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 23 

On Deceml)er 25, 1867. hy Rev. J., \\ . W est. Williain F. Carson was 
united in marriage to I'hoche j. I'aird, wln) was Ix^rn on .\ugust 11. 1840, 
in Brown county, Ohio. Mrs. Carson's native county, l)Ut wlio was not 
acquainted witii him until she mo\ed to IHinois with her parents, Har\-ey 
and Marg-aret ( Kirkpatrick) Baird, the former a native of North Carolina 
and the latter of Ohio, who moved to LaSalle county. Illinois, in 1856, and 
there spent the rest of their lives on a farm. T(j this union hut one child 
has been l)orn, a daughter. Rachel Jane, who married Pliny Cohcrlw a well- 
known farmer of Valley township, and has four children, Clyde, Elsie, 
Lucile and Harry. Mr. and Mrs. Carson are members of the Valley Pres- 
byterian church, of which. Mr. Carson was for some years a member of the 
board of trustees. 

Mrs. Carson has a cupboard of walnut which was made over sixty 
years ago in Ohio from walnut lumber taken ofif her father's farm, her 
sister also ha\'ing a table of the same. Mr. Carson has a piece of the flag- 
staff that was shot off by Farragut at Fort Hinman. He had many narrow 
escapes, having his canteen pierced by bullets, also his tin cup on two occa- 
sions. The Carsons burned corn stalks the first two wdnters to keep warm. 



ARTHUR H. SUTER. 



Arthur H. .Suter, cashier of the Commercial National Bank of Hutch- 
inson, and one of the best-known and most prominent figures in financial 
circles hereabout, is a native of Missouri, born at Palmyra, in ]\Iarion 
county, that state. May 18, 1877, son of Thomas J. and Elizabeth (Gash) 
Suter, both natives of Missouri, the former born in 1846 and the latter in 

1853- 

For three generations the Suter family has been engaged in the Ixank- 

ing business. Thomas J. Suter's father, Verdner Suter, aided in the organi- 
zation of the Marion County Savings Bank, and for years was president of 
the bank, acting in that capacity until his death. In his early youth, Thomas 
J. Suter became vice president of the above named bank, and ever since has 
been connected with that institution. His wife died in 19 12, at the age of 
fiftv-nine. They w^ere the parents of two sons, the subject of this sketch 
having a brother, Ira T. Suter, still living at Palmyra, Missouri. 

Arthur H. Suter received his early education in the schools of Palmyra, 
Missouri, and when but a boy started to work in the bank with which his 



124 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

father was connected, lie was fir^t eniplcncd as a collector, later was made 
bookkeeper, and was advanced to the positinn of assistant cashier, all the 
time giving- his most studious attention to the technical details of the bank- 
ing business, and thus ac(!uiring a Ijroad general knowledge of the business. 

In pursuit of wider experience in the vocation to which he had devoted 
his life and his energies he went to St. Louis, where for several years he 
was connected with the Mechanics National Bank of that city. In 1902 
Mr. Suter organized the Farmers and Traders Bank at Hardin, Ray county, 
^Missouri, an institution with a capital and surplus of fifty thousand dollars. 
and for three years was cashier of the same. He then sold his interests in 
that bank and came to Kansas, locating at Hutchinson, where, with others, 
he organized the Hutchinson Building and Loan Association, and Wcis made 
secretary of that institution. On July i, 1908, Mr. Suter was elected cash- 
ier of the Commercial National Bank of Hutchinson, and ever since has 
occupied that position, gi\ing his whole attention to the duties of the same, 
being recognized as a conservati^■e banker of ability. The Commercial 
National Bank of Hutchinson was opened for lousiness on November 20, 
1906, and is regarded as one of the best established and most substantial 
financial concerns in this part of the state, and Mr. Suter is one of the repre- 
sentative stockholders in this institution. While devoting his undivided 
attention to l)ankin"-, Mr. Suter has also taken a keen interest in farming; 
and stock raising, and is the owner of twelve hundred acres of good farm 
L'lnd in Comanche and Haskell counties, this state. He is also the owner 
of valuable down-to\\n Ijusiness properties in Hutchinson. 

In 1902 .\rtluu" IT. Suter was married to Ottie H. Heather, who also 
was born at I'ahnyra, Missouri. ]\lr. and i\Irs. Suter are members of the 
Christian church and take an earnest interest in the general work of the 
same, as well as in all good works liereabout. hraternally, ~\lv. Suter is a 
Mason, taking an active interest in the work of that order. 



HAKRV IT. T WLOR. 



Harry H. Taylor, of the Taylor Motor Company, ITutchinson, this 
county, official jiilot and chief promoter of the '".S.-mta Fe Trail" and one 
of the l)est-known automobile men in the state of Kansas, is a Hoosier, 
having been born in Clark countw Indiana, not far from the banks of the 
Ohio river, February 5. 7869. son of S. D. and Priscilla (^lonroe) Taylor. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS, 12 



D 



S. D. Taylor was a farmer and in 1871 moved from Indiana to Illinois. 
He bought a large farm in Jasper county, that state, and tliere spent the 
rest of his life, his death occurring in TO05. His widow is now making 
her home with her children in Chicago. 

Harry H. Taylor was hut two years old when his parents moved from 
Indiana to Illinois, and he was reared on the paternal farm in the latter 
state, receiving his education in the public schools in the neighborhood of 
his home. In 1888, at the age of nineteen years, he came to Kansas and 
located at Hutchinson. He engaged in newspaper work and for one year 
was employed in the office of the Hutchinson Democrat. In i8qo he began 
working in the office of the Hutchinson Daily Ne7us, R. M. Easley, editor, 
and remained with that newspaper for several years, first as mailing clerk, 
then as bookkeeper and then as manager of the office-supplies department. 
In 1909 Mr. Taylor began a study of the possibilities presented by the auto- 
mobile business and organized a company, known as the Taylor Motor 
Company, the other stockholders being W. Y. Morgan, L. A. Bunker, E. T. 
Guymon and Dr. H. G. \\^elsh. This compariy secured the local agency for 
the sale of the Ford automobile and established a garage and general repair 
and supply and service station at 1TI-119 Sherman avenue, east, and Mr. 
Taylor is still located there, having made a great success of the business. 
He long ago bought the stock held in the concern bv his associates and is 
now the sole owner of a very prosperous and growing business. The first 
year he was engaged in business, 1909, his company sold nine automobiles. 
In 1 9 14 he sold eight hundred and seventeen cars and now employs a force 
of twenty-six men in his place. He is also interested in several real-estate 
companies and is one of the directors of the Hutchinson Daily News Com- 
pany. 

Mr. Tavlor has been looked u]:)on as one of the leading aut(^mobile men 
of Kansas for vears. The good roads movement has lieen one of his chief 
concerns and he was one of the most active leaders in promoting the same 
throughout the state, having l)een the official pilot of the new "Santa Fe 
Trail" ever since the creation of that modern highway over the ancient 
trail. Mr. Tavlor is a member of the Kansas City Automobile Club and of 
the Hutchinson Country Club. He is a Republican and for years has been 
activelv interested in local politics, but has never been an aspirant for jiublic 
office. 

On September 24. 1895, Harry H. Taylor was united in marriage to 
Dora Reddersen. who was born in Ohio, daughter' of William and Augusta 
(Groschmer) Reddersen, the former of whom is a retail shoe merchant, and 



126 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

to this union lia> been born one cbiUl, a daughter, Dorothy, born in 1896, 
whn was graduated at Dana Hall, Wellesley, Massachusetts, in June, 1915. 
Mr. Taylor is a thirty-second degree ^NJason, a member of the consistory 
and of the Mystic Shrine at Wichita, and is also an Elk. 



PIERCE C. ROBERTS. 



Pierce C. Roberts, a well-known and well-to-do retired farmer of Valley 
township, this county, who for years has made his home in E[utchinson, 
where he and his family are very pleasantly situated, is a native of Kentucky, 
born on a farm in Xelson county, that state, August 18, 1856, son and only 
child of John \\'. and 3,Iargaret (Weekly) Roberts, both natives of that 
same state, the former of ^^•hom died in Nelson county in 1862. In 1865 
his widow married, secondly, Lee G. Bruner, with w^hom she moved in that 
same year to Martin county, Indiana, where she lived until her death, March 
21, 1916, at a ripe old age. 

Pierce C. Roberts was but six years old when his father died and was 
about nine when he moved with his mother and his stepfather to Martin 
county, Indiana, where he continued his schooling in the local schools. He 
was reared a farmer and after his marriage in the fall of 1882 to a neighbor 
girl continued farming in ?\Iartin countv until in Alarch of 1888, when he 
and his wife and their two }-uung sons came to Kansas, where the}- ever 
since have resided. U])on coming to this state ^Ir. Roberts bought a cpiarter 
of a section of land in Byron townslii]). Stafford county, where he lived for 
thirteen years, at ihe end of which time he s()ld that jilace to advantage and 
came over into Reno county. He bought the west half of section 2^, in 
X'alley townshi]). which he still owns, and which he has developed into a 
very fine piece of property. After a residence of three years on that farm 
Mr. Roberts retired from the acti\e labors of the farm and moved to Hutch- 
inson, where he has lived e\er since. I^])imi nioxing to Hutcliinson Mr. 
Roberts bought the r-esidence at iioo Xnrtli .Main street, which he still owns 
and where he and his family made their home until in 1915, when he built 
his present residence at 14 lde\enth avenue, east, where he an<l his family 
are ^■ery comfortably situated. Sime locating in Ifutchinsun. .Mr. Roberts 
has taken an active part in i)ul)lic affairs :ind fur more than eight years has 
served as a deputy city assessor. He is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and takes a warm interest in the affairs of that organiza- 
tion, as does Mrs. Roberts, who is a member of the Daughters of Rebekah. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 27 

It was on November ly, 1882, in Alartin county, Indiana, that Pierce 
C. Roberts was united in marriage to Martha Imogene Smith, who was born 
in that county on December 7, 1857, daughter of Dr. Nicholas S. and Mary 
J. (Charles) Smith, both natives of Orange county, Indiana, and prcjminent 
and influential residents of that section of the Hoosier state, the latter of 
whom is still living, making her home at Hutchinson, this county, in a ripe 
old age. Alary Jane Charles was born on September 22. 1836, and on 
February 12, 1857, at Natchez, in Martin county, Indiana, was married to 
Dr. Nicholas S. Smith, who was born on August 31, 1828, son of a prominent 
pioneer Baptist preacher, who had emigrated to that section of Indiana 
from Kentucky. Doctor Smith's eldest brother, Daniel, also was a physi- 
cian, but when his brother entered practice he turned his attention to the 
gospel ministry, was ordained a minister of the ^^lethodist church and thus 
continued until he was placed on the honorably retired list. Doctor Smith's 
second brother, Harrison, also was a minister, but followed his father in the 
Baptist faith and was for many years a minister of that church. The ven- 
erable Mrs. Smith still recalls the days when she would sit for an hour and 
a half listening to the sermons of the Rev. Harrison Smith without growing 
W'Cary. There were three other brothers. Ford, John and Benjamin Smith, 
who, though not ministers, were very pious men and active in all good 
works. Mrs. Smith's father, William Charles, was the son of William 
Charles, one of the earliest settlers of Orange county, Indiana, who was killed 
by Indians while plowing in his field near the pioneer blockhouse at French 
Lick Springs in that county. The son, William, then was but two years old 
and a year later was orphaned, indeed, when his mother died, unable to re- 
cover from the shock and grief due to the murder of her husband, and he was 
reared to manhood by a cousin, Azor Charles. Dr. Nicholas S. Smith 
enlisted for service in the Union army upon the breaking out of the Civil 
War and wTut to the front as first lieutenant of Company A, Seventeenth 
Regiment. Indiana Volunteer Infantry, with which he served for three 
years, at the end of wdiich time he received his honorable discharge on a 
phvsician's certificate of disability, illness incapacitating him for further 
service. To Doctor Smith and wife three children were born, Airs. Roberts 
having had two brothers, Daniel L. Smith, former clerk of Pueblo county, 
Colorado, wdio died on March 13, 1900, and Delos V. Smith, who is engaged 
in the saddlery business at Hutchinson. Daniel L. Smith married Eugenia 
Day, of Pueblo, Colorado, and had four children, Darwin Bidwell. Alarth^ 
Irene, W^olcct and Elizabeth. Delos V. Smith married Bessie Bloom and 



128 REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

has one child, a son. Delos. Dr. Nicholas S. Smith died at his home in 
Martin county. Indiana. June 12. 1867, his health having been permanently 
impaired by his service in the army. 

To Pierce C. and Martha Imogene (Smith) Roberts three children 
have been born, sons all, Harry W'., born in ]\Iartin county, Indiana, Novem- 
ber 17, 1883, now operating a general store at Elkhart. Kansas, who mar- 
ried Ethel Burnett. December 25. 1908, and has three children, Eugene Pierce, 
born on October 17, 1909; Harry Daniel, December 26, 1912, and died in 
May, 1913. and Robert Burnett, August 20. 1915; Daniel Leroy, born in 
Martin county, Indiana, February 8. 1886, a progressive young man in 
partnership with his brothers at Elkhart, who married ^Margaret Newey, 
March 23, 1907, and has two children, Margaret Estella, born on June 17, 
191 1, and Daniel Leroy, Jr.. June 15. 1915, and Chester I., born in Byron 
township, .Stafiord county, this state, November 16. 1893, '^^'ho is connected 
with his brother in the general mercantile business at Elkhart. i\Ir. and 
Mrs. Roberts are members of the Christian church and take a proper inter- 
est in the various beneficences of the same as well as in all worthy move- 
ments for the advancement of the common interest hereabout. 



CHARLES E. WAGONER. 

The late Charles E. Wagoner, for years a well-known and popular 
dairyman in tlie Hutchinson neighborhood and later prosperous rancher 
and stockman, wlio died at his home in Reno township, this county, on June 
5, 191 1, was a native of Ohio, having been born on a farm near Bellevue, in 
Huron county, that state, on June 5, 1863, and his death occurred on the 
forty-eighth anniversary of his birth. He was the son of Levi and Sarah 
Wagoner, farming people of Ohio, who came to Kansas about the year 
1880 and settled on a farm near the town of .Sterling, in Ixice county, where 
they spent the remainder of their lives, devout members of the Christian 
church. Besides the subject, another of their sons came to Reno county, 
Da\ id \\''agoner, who is a well-known farmer in Valley township. 

Charles E. Wagoner was about sixteen years old when he came to 
Kansas with his parents and he grew to manhood on the home farm in 
Rice county. He married young, in 1883, and then bought a farm lying 
between Sterling and Lyons, in Rice county, on which he lived for a few 
years, at the end of which time he sold it and for a time thereafter rented 
farms in the Sterling neighborhood. He alwaAS was interested in cattle and 



RENO COL^NTY, KANSAS. I2(J 

was considered an ex])ert in their care. It was his great desire to become 
an extensi\-e stockman, hut the seasons of (h'ought and liol winds about that 
period so strongly mihtated against his success that in 1900 he still was a 
poor man. In 1901 he decided to make a change of base and with this end 
in \iew came to Reno count}', where, on the outskirts of Hutchinson, he 
engaged in market gardening for a season, at the same time doing a small 
business in the dairy line, he having brought nine cows and a team of horses 
with him. Idie dairy l)usiness seemed promising and he presently bought 
out the extensive equipment of the Charles Bloom dairy and went into the 
business on a considerable scale. He had practically no money to pay down 
for the equipment he bought, but he was able to secure the same on advan- 
tageous terms and was successful from the very start, it not being long 
before he was the ]>roprietor of the leading dairy farm in the county, his 
product proving so popular in and about Hutchinson that he was enal)led to 
raise the rate to a price above five cents the quart, the first time such an 
increase had been attempted in Hutchinson, without creating a protest on 
the part of his customers. He and his wife and his children all worked 
diligently and with excellent results, their business prospering beyond their 
most hopeful expectations. 

When Charles E. Wagoner arrived in Reno county in 1901 he was 
eight hundred dollars in debt and possessed practically nothing save the nine 
cows and the team of horses abo^'e mentioned. Ten years later he was the 
owner of four hundred and twenty acres of choice land in Reno county, all 
paid for and producing him a handsome revenue from his extensive opera- 
tions in cattle. From the profits of his dairy business he bought, in 1907, 
a half section of land from William Buttles, in Clay township, remodeled 
the house which stood on the same, put up modern farm buildings and 
engaged in cattle raising, the pursuit in which his heart had always been 
most closely concerned. In 19 10 he sold the dairy business and devoted his 
whole attention to cattle raising and was greatly prosperous, a short time 
before his death he having bought an additional hundred acres adjoining his 
original half section in Clay township. His specialty was pure-bred Short- 
horn cattle and Poland China hogs and his stock farm soon gained a wide 
reputation for the fine quality of its stock. Since his death his widow and 
her three sons have continued successfully to manage the farm. Mr. \\'ag- 
oner was a member of the Christian church, as are all the members of his 
family. He was a Democrat, and in his lodge affiliations was connected with 
the Ancient Order of United W'orkmen and the Knights of the ]\Iaccabees. 
(9a) 



130 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

On December 4. 18S3. Charles E. \\'agoner was united in marriage to 
Emma Gibson, who was born in (_"edar county, Iowa, February 20, i860, 
daughter of James and Sarah Gibson, both of whom were born in the city 
of Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania. 1)ut who did not meet until they were grown 
and living in Cedar county, Iowa. James Gibson, for eighteen years, had 
done service as a bookkeeper in a commercial concern in Pittsburgh and 
then, deciding to get a touch of the West, moved to Iowa, settling in Cedar 
county, where he bought a farm and there he married, his wife having lived 
in that county since her childhood, her parents having moved from Pitts- 
burgh. In the spring of 1875 James Gibson sold his Iowa farm and came 
to Kansas, driving through with his family and such portable belongings as 
conveniently could be loaded in the w-agon, and driving several cows along, 
the family arriving at Sterling, in Rice county, on June i, 1875. On their 
way they had driven through Hutchinson, the little daughter, Emma, now 
Mrs. Wagoner, driving the cows through the main street of the town. She 
recalls to this day the dreary appearance presented at that time by the strag- 
gling village, a half waste of drifting sand dotted by houses of a very crude 
style of architecture. Upon arriving in Rice county, James Gibson bought 
a half section of land and later bought more land, presently becoming quite 
well-to-do. He and his w^ife were devout people, members of the Christian 
church, and earnest folk, who set about establishing the new home very 
energeticalh'. They were the parents of eight daughters and one son, the 
latter of whom, the youngest of the family, was the only one of the family 
born in Kansas. Upon their arrival in Rice county, the Gibsons were poor, 
but all hands set to work and pretty soon they began to see their way clear. 
The older daughters taught school and brought home every cent of the 
money thus earned, all going into the common fund with which to pay off 
the mortgage on the original purchase of land. Emma Gibson, now ^Irs. 
Wagoner, was the eldest of these eight hel])ful daughters and much of the 
burden of providing ways and means fell upon her willing shoulders. At 
the age of sixteen she began teaching school and from the first was success- 
ful, continuing her service as a teacher for ten years. During the earlier 
years of this service her father begged her not to marry, but to stav with 
him, a helpful daughter, until the obligation of his debt was released and 
she promised to do so ; and kept her promise. Mrs. Wagoner is a very 
capable woman and is making a very successful farm manager. She is ablv 
assisted by her three sons. Vernon, who was born on June i. 1894; Perlon, 
February 22, 1897, and Harlon. April 9. 1900. 



RFNO COUNTY, KANSAS. I3I 

jAMiLS L. l'^:xxI•^■. 

Associated with the hiisiness interests of 1 lutchinson, Reno county, 
Kansas, almost from the \ery beginning of that town, the late James L. 
Penney played an important part in the upl)nilding- of this now thriving city. 
While Air. Penney was a successful Imsiness man, he was not content to 
work for his own interests only, but was ahvays ready to aid every measure 
for the 1>enefit of the public, and especially for his interest in the cause of 
education will he long be remembered in the city of Hutchinson. 

James L. Penney was born in the pleasant village of Adams, in Jeffer- 
son county, New York, June 5, 1848, the son of George and Mary (Gard- 
ner) Penney, both of w'hom were natives of the Empire state. 

George Penney was of English descent and was a farmer in Jefferson 
county. Both he and his wife lived in New York state all their lives, and 
were devoted members of the Baptist church. They were the parents of six 
sons and one daughter, the subject of this sketch being the youngest of the 
family. 

James L. Penney attended the public schools of his native town, and 
was graduated from the Hunger ford Institute at Adams, New^ York. After 
teaching school in New York state for several terms he went to live with a 
brother in LaSalle county, Illinois, and taught school in that locality one 
winter. In 1869, Mr. Penney went to Topeka, Kansas, and became cashier 
of the Alfred Ennis Company, w^hich firm carried on a law and real-estate 
business. 

The town of Hutchinson was founded in 1871 by C. C. Hutchinson, 
who determined, in the year following, to establish a bank in the new town. 
Accordingly, he wrote to the Ennis Company in Topeka to recommend a 
young man for cashier of the new bank. The company recommended Mr. 
Pennev, and so, in April, 1872. he, came to Hutchinson as cashier of the 
Reno County Bank — the first I^ank in Reno county. The bank passed safely 
through the panic of 1873, and after an existence of four years was sold 
out in 1876. Mr. Penney then bought a partnership with J. S. George, with 
whom he was associated for two years in the grocery business. He then 
went to Odell, Illinois, and joined his brother, Seth H. Penney, in conduct- 
ino- a ofeneral store, remaining there about two vears. 

Mr. Penney returned to Hutchinson in 1880, and built a corn and wheat 
feed-mill on the bank of the mill race where Avenue C is now located. 
Later he formed a second partnership with J. S. George in the Hutchinson 



132 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

Produce Company, which was located on the corner of Washington and 
First streets. Subsequently. .Mr. Penney organized the Hutchinson ]\Iusic 
Company, at \j South .Main street, of which company he was president and 
main owner, and in which business he continued until his retirement from 
active affairs in 1908. 

On April 8, 1873, James L. Penney was united in marriage in Topeka, 
Kansas, with Mary McLaughlin, of Indianapolis, Indiana, the daughter of 
Col. John A. and Louisa ( Moorhouse) McLaughlin, both of whom were 
descended from Re\olutionary ancestors. The maternal grandfather of 
Col. John A. ^IcLaughlin, a Kimberley. emigrated from Connecticut to 
Ohio, where he secured a land grant gi\en to Revolutionary soldiers. Louisa 
Moorhouse came from an old A'irginia family, her great-grandfather, Col. 
Robert McFarland, having ser\ed in the American Revolution. 

James L. and Mary (AIcLaughlin ) Penney were the parents of three 
children, Louis Arthur. A\ho died when two years old, Elizabeth, Alice and 
Edith Louise. Elizabeth Alice Penney is the wife of John F. Fontron. 
who is associated with the Fontron Loan and Trust Company, of Hutchin- 
son. Edith Louise Penney on June 29, 191 1, was married to Oscar A. 
Peterson, of Hutchinson. 

James L. Penney served as secretary and treasurer of the Hutchinson 
school board for several terms in the early seventies. He promoted the 
movement to issue bonds to build the first large school house in the city. 
This bond issue was opposed b}- citizens in certain sections of the cit\' who 
wished the school house located in their neighborhood. As the time for 
the election drew near it looked as though the l)ond issue would be defeated, 
and it was mainly due to tlie efforts of C. C. Hutchinson and ]\[r. Penney 
and his wife that the bond issue was carried. Mr. Penney sold the bonds 
in Kansas Cit\- and with the proceeds he and his associates l)uilt the "Sher- 
man Street school house," which was the school attended by all the Hutchin- 
son pioneer children. This building served fur fort}' years, when it was 
torn down in 191 5. to be replaced by a modern building. 

^{r. l^enney served on the school board for several terms at a later 
psriod. He was an ardent Republican, and w-as especiall}- interested in good 
local government. He was a charter member of the .\ncient Order of 
L'nited Workmen. He attended the Presbyterian church. James L. Penney 
died in Llutchinson on March 29, 1914. and was sincerely mourned by all 
who knew him. 

\\'hen Mr. and Mrs. Penney returned to Hutchinson they resided in 
the first block on Avenue B, west, and lived there for twentv-two vears. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I33 

111 i(j()_', llic\ liiiill tlic rcM(lcncc at 52 1 Slicrniaii a\cnue, east, which Mrs. 
rciuic}- still owns, lliis home is l)uilt on a ]<<{ which is ])art of an acre in 
the C. C. llntchinson farm on wliich the cit}- was fonndcd. Mrs. I'enney 
had owned the acre tract since 1876. 

Mrs. .Mary ( McLani^hHn ) I'enney. is a member of the Dangliters of 
the American Rc\'olntion. Dnrin^" her residence in llntchinson she has seen 
the strag'.^ling- village grow into a beantiful and ])r()S]jerous city and can 
take jnst pride in the knowledge that she and her husband helped in this 
development. 



WALTER B. HARRIS. 



Weaker B. Harris, official surveyor and civil engineer of Reno county 
and one of the best-known civil engineers in Kansas, is a native of Arkan- 
sas, having been born in Stone county, that state, August 18, 1868, son of 
Augustus B. and Carrie W (Stevens) Harris, the former a native of 
Arkansas and the latter of Tennessee, both now deceased. 

Augustus B. Harris ^^•as reared on a farm in his native state and grew 
up to strong, robust manhood. When the Civil War broke out he enlisted 
in the cause of the Confederate states and served to the close of the war, 
being present with Lee at the surrender at Appomattox. He participated in 
the battle of Shiloh and numerous of the bloodiest engagements of the war, 
receiving se\'eral wounds, whicli uncloubtedlv shortened his life. L^])on the 
conclusion of his military service he walked back from \"irginia to his liome 
in Arkansas and there engaged in the general mercantile business in his 
home village, being thus engaged until liis death, at the age oi thirty-six 
years, in 1874. His widow sur\-ivcd until 1912, her death occurring at San 
Antonio. Texas. She was the mother of three children, the sul\iect of this 
sketch ha\'ing two sisters. Mabel, who married R. J. Jeffrev and li\es at 
Fayetteville, Arkansas, and Margaret, who married T. A. Black, a grocer 
at vSan Antonio, Texas. 

\A'alter B. Harris was six years old when his father died. His ele- 
mentar}' schooling was olitained in the schools of his home village and he 
later entered the Missouri School of ?^Iining at Rolla, from which he was 
graduated after a four-years course in 1895, with the degree of Civil Engi- 
neer. Thus equipped for the calling to which he had devoted his life, Mr. 
Harris took employment with the Frisco railroad, in Missouri, as a ci^•il 
ensfineer. later going- to the Midland Vallev, in Oklahoma, in the same 



134 RENO COUXTV, KANSAS. 

capacity. He also surveyed numerous branch railroads, and was thus 
engaged unt'il he was installed as assistant city engineer at Hutchinson in 
1905. .\fter two years of service in that connection he was employed on an 
irrigation project in Xew Mexico for a year, at the end Of which time he 
returned to Hutchinson and resumed his former place in the city engineer's 
office, and was thus engaged until his appointment in 1910 to the office of 
county engineer of Reno county, which position he ever since has held. 
'Sir. Harris is a member of the Kansas Engineering Society and is one of 
the l^est-known civil engineers in this state. 

On July 5. 1904, at St. Louis. ^Nfissouri, Walter B. Harris was united 
in marriage to Eliza B. McKinley, who was born in Pennsylvania, and to 
this union two children have been born, Margaret ^T., born on May 5, 1906, 
and A'ictor B., July 2, 1908. 'Sir. Harris has a very pleasant home at 122 
Seventh avenue and he and his wife take an interested part in the, various 
social and cultural activities of their home town. 



THE FOXTROX FAMILY. 

The founder of the Fontron family in America, prominently repre- 
sented in Hutchinson. Reno county, Kansas, by Joseph A. Fontron, Louis 
E. Fontron and John F. Fontron, was Joseph \'onthron. an Alsatian, who 
came to the L'nited States in 1832. locating in Peoria county. Illinois. He 
erected and operated the hrst grist- and saw-mill in the city of Peoria, 
known at that time as F't. Clark. Fie was also largely interested in farm 
lands there. After his death the name of \'onthron was Anglicized, becom- 
ing Fontron. 

In 1838 Joseph \'onthron married Katherine Herr, a Bavarian, who 
came to this country and located in Peoria county, Illinois, in 1832. In 
1849, attracted by the gold fields of California, Joseph A'onthron left his 
interests and started for the new Eldorado. He died in California in 1851, 
leaving a widow and four children, the eldest. Mary, still living in Peoria, 
Illinois; Katherine and Elizabeth, deceased, and Joseph .\. Fontron. then 
five years of age. 

Joseph A. Fontrun was married at Hennepin, Illinois, in 1870 to Anna 
Feltes, who was born at Kinderhook, Xew York, March 10. 1852, and was 
the dausrhter of Peter and Elizal)eth (McDermott) F^eltes. After their 
marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph A. Fontron lived in Henry. Illinois, until 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 35 

1873. Tliev then rcniovod to C.'istleton, Stark county, Illinois, where for 
three years Mr. Fontron was engaged in the mercantile husiness. In 1876 
they came to Hutchinson, Kansas. Mr. h^ontron was engaged for one year 
in the mercantile business, erecting a two-story luiilding on lot Xo. 5, North 
Main street, which building is still standing. The next fifteen years were 
spent by ATr. Fontron and family upon a homestead in Grant township, 
this county. In i8()i the family returned to Hutchinson where J. A. Font- 
ron served as probate judge for three terms and in 1907 he engaged in the 
real-estate and loan business. He has always taken an active interest in 
general business and civic affairs of Hutchinson and Reno county, and 
assisted in organizing the Hutchinson Building and Loan Association and 
for two years acted as its president. Since 1897 'i^' '''^^s been actively 
engaged in the real-estate and loan business, merging his interests with those 
of the Fontron Loan and Trust Company upon the organization of the latter 
in May, 19 15. 

Five children were Ijorn to Joseph A. and Anna Feltes Fontron, namely: 
Eva, Joseph P., Mabel, John F. and Louis F. Eva Fontron, who was born 
in Henry, Illinois, August 5, 1871. married W. D. Puterbaugh, eldest son 
of John Puterbaugh, in 1894, and died on December 21. 191 5. at North 
Yakima. AA'ashington. Joseph P. Fontron was born on ]\Iarcli 22. 1873, at 
Castleton. Illinois, and married Fan Hardy, daughter of George \\'. Hardy. 
of Hutchinson, Kansas, in J904. Joseph P. Fontron is .now a prominent 
attorney of Kansas City, Missouri. ^ label I-'ontron. born in Castleton, Illi- 
nois. June 12, 1875, '^"*' married Paul Uewman on July to, 191 i. is now 
residing in Deadwood, South Dakota. John F. Fontron, born in Hutchin- 
son, Kansas, ]\Iarch 15, 1877, married Elizabeth Alice Penney, daughter of 
J. L. Penney, December 31. 1902. John F. Fontron was for fourteen years 
engaged in the jewelry business at IMcPherson, Kansas, returning to Hutchin- 
son in T915 and becoming associated with the Fontron Loan and Trust 
Company as secretary-treasurer, upon the organization of that institution in 
May. 191 5. To Mr. and Mrs. John F. Fontron were born three children. 
John. Jr., born on December 2. IQ03 : Dorothy, born on April 2^, igo;, and 
Alice, born on October 9, 1910. Louis E. Fontron, who was born on the 
farm in Grant tmvnship I\cno county, Kansas, January 28, 1879, was twelve 
}ears of age a\ hen the familx' moved to Hutchinson. In tooi he entered 
with his father in the real-estate, loan and insurance business, in \\hich he 
has since been engaged and diu'ing which time he has become one of the 
prominent l(>an men in thi< i)art of the state. In 191 5 he organized the 
Fontron Loan and Trust Compau}-, of which, he was elected first president. 



136 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

the iDo.sitiun which he now holds. This marked the tirst trust company 
organization in Hutchinsun and central Kansas. In October, 1902. Louis 
E. Fontron was married to Mary Elizabeth Bigger, of Hutchinson, Kansas, 
daughter of L. A. Bigger, in a biographical sketch of whom presented 
elsewhere in th.is issue there is set out a history of the Bigger family in 
this county. To this union two children ha\e been liorn, Elizabeth, born on 
December 25, 1903, .-md Anna, biM-n on September 11, IQ07. 

In the spring of 1913 Louis E. Fontron was elected mayor of Hutchin- 
son, which official position he held for one term, declining to seek a second 
term in order to devote himself to his business interests. 



JA^IES FRANKLIN McMURRY. 

. James Franklin ^IcMnrry, a well-known and progressive farmer of 
Lincoln township, this count}', is a native of Tennessee, having been born on 
a farm in Haywood county, that state, September 17, 1846, son of William 
H. and !\iartha T. (Faires) AIcAIurry, the former of w'hom was born near 
Murfreesboro, in that same state, in April, 1823, and the latter in Alabama, 
in August. 1823, both of whom spent their last days in this county, having 
come here from Tennessee a year or two after Reno county was opened for 
settlement in the early seventies. 

William Fl. 2\IcAlurry was reared on a farm in eastern Tennessee and 
when still a boy moved with his parents to Haywood count}-, in the same 
state, where he later married and bought a tract of "Congress land" at one 
dollar and twenty-rixe cents an acre. He presently sold that farm and 
bought a larger one, on which he made his home until 1872, in which year 
he and a couple of his Tennessee neighbors, James A. ]\Ioore and H. D. 
Freeman came to Kansas on a prospecting tour. In the fall of that year 
Mr. McMurry bought a full section of railroad land in Lincoln township, 
this county, the same being section 2^. He arranged for the erection of a 
house on his section and returned to Tennessee, coming back to Reno county 
the next year with his family and establishing his home on his new place in 
Lincoln township, and there he and his wife remained the rest of their 
lives. William FI. McMurry was a Union man during the time of the Civil 
War and was a Republican ever after, his influence with the party hereabout 
during pioneer days having considerable weight. He became a substantial 
farmer and an extensive dealer in hogs, taking a good deal of pride in the 




(JcM J\ 








'if M^'m^wvi^. 



RENO COriXTY, KANSAS. I37 

hi^h <;r;ulc of hugs that lie raised on his place. He and his wife were mem- 
bers t)f the Methodist church and took an earnest and an inllucnlial ])art in 
all good works in their neighborhood. Mr. McMnrry died in 1903, he then 
being eighty years of age, and his widow survived him for three years, her 
death occurring in 1907, at the age of eighty-four. They were the parents 
of seven children, as follow: James F., the immediate subject of this bio- 
graphical sketch; Harriet, who lives in Lincoln township, widow of D. AT. 
Stewart; Elizabeth Jane, who married J. C. Moore and lives in Hutchinson, 
this county; Mrs. Susan F. Allen, now deceased; Ffugh L., who died in 
October. 1876, at the age of seventeen years; William bdi, a retired farmer, 
now li\ing at W'intield, this state, and Charles W., who lives on a farm in 
Lincoln township, this county. 

James F. McMurry grew up on the home farm in Haywood county, 
Tennessee, receiving an excellent education in the subscription schools in the 
neighborhood of his home, the public-school system not being- inaugurated in 
that state until after the Civil War, and at the age of twenty-one began 
teaching in the puljlic schools and was thus engaged for ten years, farming 
during the summer months. In 1869 he married and for a year thereafter 
lived on a rented farm. He then bought a small farm of sixty acres and 
there made his home until 1S84. in which year he followed his father's excel- 
lent example and came to Kansas, arriving in Reno county in December of 
that 3^ear. He located in Lincoln township, near his father's extensive place, 
and for six years rented farms in that vicinity, prospering meanwhile, so 
that in 1891 he was al)le to buy a quarter of a section of excellent land in 
Lincoln township, the same l^eing the northwest cjuarter of section 22, and 
has made his home there ever since. Upon taking possession of his farm, 
Mr. McMurry enlarged the house that then stood on the place and has other- 
wise improved the farm, also bringing it up to a high state of cultivation ; in 
addition to general farming being also largely interested in the dairy busi- 
ness, from which he derives considerable profit. IVIr. McMurry is a Republi- 
can and has served his party several times as a precinct committeeman: From 
1904 to 1908 he served the county very acceptably as a member of the board 
of county commissioners and is widely and most favorably known through- 
out the county. 

On December 2, 1869. James F. McMurry was united in marriage to 
Ann Mariah Thomas, who was born in Hayw^ood county, Tennessee, August 
18, 1849, daughter t)f John B. and ]\larcia (VanBuren) Thomas, the former 
a native of \''irginia and the latter of Kentucky, early settlers in Haywood 
county, and to this union seven children have been born, namely : Edgar L.. 



138 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

I 

born on July 31. 1870, who was killed in an automobile accident on December 
26. 1909; Guy T., November 20, 1871, who married Rhoda Hertzler and 
lives on a farm near Ft. Benton, Montana; Lulu J., June 11, 1874, who 
married W. E. Uhl and lives in Ft. Benton county, Montana; Ernest and 
Pearl, twins, June 26, 1878, the former of whom married Cora Gander and 
was killed by a runawav team on x\pril 16, 1913, and the latter married J. O. 
McXew and died on October 22, 1901 ; Linnie Kate, July 2, 1880, who mar- 
ried J. O. Dix and li\-es on a farm in Lincoln township, this county, and 
Hugh. January 10, 1S85. who died on August 10, 1889. The McMurrys 
are members of the jMethodist church at Elmer and for years have been 
active in the various beneficences of the same. Mr. McMurry being a member 
of the board of trustees of the chiuxh. The family is regarded as one of 
the most substantial factors in the community life thereabout and its mem- 
bers are held in high esteem by all. 



BExXJAMIN E. GILES. 

Benjamin E. Giles was born in Tazewell county, Illinois, January 22, 
1865. His father, Stelle Giles (1833-1907), was reared near Plainfield, 
New Jersey, married ]\Iary C. Albro (1826-1909), of Newport, Rhode 
Island, pioneer farmers in Illinois from 1850 to 1877, '^''^'^^ lived one year 
in Hutchinson, Kansas, in a house which is still standing at First and jMaple 
streets, the property belonging to John Nelson. In the spring of 1878, 
Stelle Giles and his sons drove to Barton county and purchased land at the 
head of Cow Creek, and the same fall was joined by the family, and there 
they became extensive farmers and stockmen. When, in 1887, the Mis- 
souri Pacific railway was built, Benjamin ]>. Giles helped secure the right 
of way, also aided in having bonds voted in different townships. This rail- 
road crossinj^ their land, they formed a company and foun.dcd Giles City, 
now Chaflin. ludsre llamiltun. who laid out the railroad, li\cd with tliem 
while there. Chaflin, becoming- prosperous, later shi])ped more wheat in 
one year than any other town in Kansas. Mr. (riles ])uilt a fine suburJjan 
home and continued his farming operations \villi great success, and in 1900, 
sold out and moved to Stillwater. Oklahoma. ]\lr. and Mrs. Giles were 
members of the Baptist and Christian churches, respectively. Their chil- 
dren are as follow : Mrs. Mary A. Bass, of McPherson ; ]\Irs. Estella New- 
combe, of Great Bend; Emma, the wife of H. W. Galloway, of Pawnee 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 39 

county; William A., of r.-nvncc county; S. A., of Denver, Colorado; i'.enja- 
niin E., of Hutchinson; Carrie, the widow of I.. W. Cook, formerly an 
editor of Elmwood. 

Benjamin E. Giles came to Kansas when thirteen years of age, attended 
the old Sherman street school in Hutchinson, and herded cows on the com- 
mons on the site of his present residence. After the family moved to Barton 
county, he rode five miles to school until one nearer his home was started, 
and finished his schooling- at Great Bend, in the meantime working hard. 
After leaving school he hought a farm six miles northeast of Chaflin, and 
in 1897 engaged in the real estate business at Great Bend, with Porter 
Young, remaining with the firm for six years, and during this period the 
firm 5old five hundred thousand acres of mostly western lands, which was 
claimed to be the greatest record in the state. Besides his real estate busi- 
ness Mr. Giles was also extensively engaged in farming and stock raising on 
an acreage of between two and three thousand acres, and for three years 
owned and operated a ranch consisting of thirty-four hundred acres in 
Hodgeman county, Kansas, keeping nearly one thousand cattle and many 
mules and horses. In 1909 he bought and located on the George Cole farm, 
northwest of Hutchinson, in order to give his children rural and urlian 
advantages. In 19 14 he purchased his present home, an attractive bunga- 
low at 211 Ninth avenue, Hutchinson. He owns nine hundred and sixty 
acres of land in Pawnee county, Kansas, which is managed by his son, 
Elton, and a son-in-law. A. E. Immenschuh. He also owns a wheat farm 
of nine hundred and sixty acres in Kiowa county, Kansas, purchased in 
1899, ^^^d managed b^- his son, Leonard, as well as five hundred and sixty 
acres in Ford county, Kansas. 

On April 20, 1887, at St. John, Benjamin E. Giles was married to 
Nydia B. Lamb, a native of Butler county, Pennsylvania, and a daughter 
of Daniel and Malinda Lamb. In 1885 Mrs. Giles' parents moved from 
Pennsvlvania to Kansas, purchasing a half section of land near Chaflin. 
Later thev moved to St. John, but are now living at Grand Junction, Colo- 
rado, aged ninety-eight and seventy-eight, respectively. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Giles have been born the following children: Alice, the wife of A. E. 
Immenschuh, has two children. Benjamin and Eugene; Ethel, the wife of 
Elmer Justice, of Garden City, Kansas, has one son, Lawrence: Elton, a 
CTaduate of the hidi school at Hutchinson, and later a student for a vear 
at Emporia College, spent one year at the Kansas State Agricultural Col- 
lege, Manhattan, Kansas, and won much fame as a foot-ball player: Helen. 



I40 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

a kindergarten teacher in 1 1 nichin^on. and (.iertrudc and Margaret, the last 
two named being >iill in school. 

Mr. Ciiles is a Repnblican in ])i)litics, and has always taken a ])rominent 
part in all matters of local iniiiortancc and npbuilding. He was chief pro- 
moter, a director and is now vice-president ()f the Straw-Board Manufactur- 
ing Company, of Hutchinson, which is a large and prosperous concern. He 
is president and chief organizer of the Hutchinson & Western Interurban 
Railway Company. He is a Mason, belonging to the blue lodge and con- 
sistory at Great Bend, and to the Mystic Shrine at Salina. He is a charter 
member of the lodge of Odd Fellows at Chaflin, and is a trustee, though 
non-member of the congregational church at Hutchinson, to which his wife 
belongs, and assisted in its building. 



MELVIN J. REYNOLDS. 

A descendant of one of the old families of Virginia, the subject of this 
sketch was early thrown on his own resources. After the family had 
suffered considerable loss in the general havoc wrought by the war between 
the States, Melvin J. Reynolds came to the West and after years of diligent 
application is now comfortably situated on a fine c[uarter section in this 
county. 

Melvin T. Reynolds was born on August 31, i860, in Russell county, 
\"irgiiiia, the son of Isaac V. and Sarah J. ( Ferguson ) Reynolds, 1)oth of 
whom were born in Russell countw where the family had lived for many 
generations. Isaac \'. Reynolds was the son of Ira Reynolds, who was the 
owner of a large plantation in A'irginia before the war. 

During the Ci\i] War, Isaac \'. Reynolds served in the Confederate 
arm}- in the Sixteenih Virginia Cavalrw under the command of General 
McCausland. .\fter serving throughout the war, Isaac \\ Reynolds returned 
to his home, but he never recovered from the effects of a cold contracted 
while in the army, and died in 1866. at the age of twenty-nine years. 

Sarah J. Ferguson was born on December 21. 1837. She was married 
to Isaac \'. Reynolds a short time before the war. W hen her husband died 
in t866 she was left with the care of two small cliiMren. and seeking a bet- 
ter location in which to rear her family than the then de\astated region of 
her home seemed to offer, she removed to Illinois, in 1873. and located in 
Adams count}', where she kept honsc for se\en years for AA'illiam Burke. 



RENO CUL'NTY, KANSAS. [4.I 

Later, Mrs. Iveyiiukls bought :l farm in thai ciinit}', and h\e(l in lllincjis the 
remainder of her hfe. She (hed at I'dlen Grove, llhnois, Deeeniber 23, 
1907, at the age of se\ent}- }-ears. Mrs. Reynolds was a member of the 
Missionary Baptist ehurch and was aetive in all gcjod \v(jrks in that eom- 
munion. 

Isaac \\ and Sarah j. (Ferguson) Reynolds were the parents of two 
children, namely: Melvin J., the subject of this sketch, and Ira, a farmer 
in Adams county, Illinois, who lives on the old home farm of one hundred 
and forty-three acres. 

In Virginia, Mel \ in J. Reynolds attended subscription school for a few 
terms, the tuition being paid l)y his mother through tlie sale of chestnuts, 
cabbage and tobacco. When the family removed to Illinois in itS/^, Melvin 
J. was thirteen years old. He attended the district school in the winter 
and worked on farms in the summer, living in Adams county with his 
mother until he was twenty-two years old. 

In 1882, Mr. Reynolds \\'ent to Sumner count}', Kansas, where he 
secured employment with A. B. Burke, a big sheep man, with whom he 
worked for eleven years. At that time the sheep were on the open range 
and were herded from Nebraska to southwest Texas, changing pastures 
with the seasons. Mr. Reynolds soon became an expert in the shee]) luisi- 
ness and was made foreman of the outfit, subsequently he became financially 
interested with his employer. Mehin J. Reynolds came to Reno county in 
1894 and located in Salt Creek townshi]), where he rented a farm of Closes 
C. Stahly. Mr. Reynolds conducted this farm on a rental basis for manv 
years, and finally, in 19 12. ]nu'chased one hundred and sixty acres of the 
place, being the southeast (juarter of section 32. Mr. Reynolds has ]nit 
numerous improvements on the farm. He keeps a good grade of stock and 
engages principally in wheat farming, which has Ijeen very profitable in 
recent years. 

Melvin J. Reynolds was married on November 26, 1900. to .\my Stahly. 
who was born near Nappanee, in Fdkhart county, Indiana, the daughter of 
Moses C. and Mary fNisley) Stahly. Moses C. Stahly came to Reno 
countv, Kansas, from Indiana in 1885, and bought a farm in Salt Creek 
township. In 1903 he and his wife moved to Hutchinson, where tliey still 
live and where Mr. Stahly is engaged as a carpenter. 

]Mr. and Mrs. Revnolds are the parents of one son, Ferguson, who was 
born on October 23, 1904. Mr. Reynolds is a Democrat, and takes a 
proper interest in all matters afl:'ecting the welfare of the community. He 
and his wife have a wide circle of friends in this part of Reno county. 



M- RENO COUXTY. KANSAS. 



WILSON SMITH. 



Wilson Smith, best known as one of the influential citizens of Nicker- 
son, Reno county, Kansas, was born on September 28, i860, in Peoria, 
Illinois, and is the son of Henry and Margaret (Wilson) Smith, who were 
both born in Ireland. Henry Smith was born in 1826, and died in 1902. 
He immigrated to America previous to his marriage and located in Phila- 
delphia. Alargaret Wilson was l^rought to this country when a girl and her 
marriage to Henry Smith was solemnized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
where she then lived. Her death occurred in 1862. She was the mother 
of five sons, whose names follow: Robert and William, deceased; Lewis 
C, Robert, who has been unheard from for many years, and Wilson. After 
the death of Alargaret (W'ilson) Smith, her husband married Mariah (Wil- 
son) Reece, widow of Joseph Reece, and of this second union four children 
were born, namely : Mariah, Newell, David, deceased, and Loren. Mariah 
(Wilson) Reece was the mother of one child by her first marriage, Jennie. 
Henry Smith was a resident of Illinois at the time of his death and both he 
and his wife were active in local church aftairs, being devoted members of 
the Presbyterian church. 

Wilson Smith lived in Illinois until twenty-two years of age, when he 
located in Butler county, Kansas. After his marriage and for the past 
thirtv vcars Lewis has lived with his brother. Lewis Smith is a farmer who 
operates a place containing about six hundred acres of land and first began 
his career in this vocation in 1877. 

On February 18, 1886, \\'ilson Smith was united in marriage to Alice 
Thompson, daughter of AA'illiani P. and Mary A. (Kizer) Thompson. A\'il- 
son Smith and wife are the parents of two children, Laura and Edith, who 
are both in training at the State Normal School at Pittsburg, Kansas. The 
marriage of Wilson Smith and Alice Thompson was solemnized in Wash- 
ington. Illinois. Alice (Thompson) Smith was born on Decemlicr ti. i86t, 
and is (;ne of ten children born to the union of her jiarents. five of whom 
are now living. Their names follow: Elizabeth and l^lij.-ih, deceased; Celia 
A., I.ucinda E., Mary Louisa. Ella. Alice. Emma C. and two who died in 
infancy. \Mlliam P. Thompson was a native of Pennsylvania, while his 
wife was born in \'irginia. They met and married in Ohio, in 1841, and 
thence removed to Illinois where they established a permanent home. Both 
husband and wife were active members of the Christian clnu'ch and liberal 
supporters of same. William P. Thompson was born in 1817 and his death 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I43 

occurred on April 2j, 1903, his wife preceding him by ten years. She 
was born in 1821. 

Wilson Smith was a resident of Kansas for three years previous to 
his marriage, returning to Illinois for his bride. Upon his return to this 
section, they purchased eighty acres and added to it until they had seven 
hundred and twenty acres of land in Westminster township. Mr. Smith 
continued to make that his home until 1908, at which time he removed to 
the town of Nickerson. Since coming to this city he has been identified 
with all progressive civic questions and has served as a member of the town 
council for three years past. He is also active as a member of the Christian 
church, serving its interests as an elder for seven years. 



T. O. WHEELER. 



J. O. Wheeler was born in Jackson county, Indiana, November 8, 1830. 
He is a son of Orrel H. Wheeler, who was born in Vermont. His mother 
was Elizabeth Love, a daughter of John Love, who moved from eastern 
Tennessee to Indiana, where he lived the remainder of his life. He was a 
soldier in the War of 181 2. 

Mr. Wheeler's paternal grandfather was Nehemiah Wheeler, a New 
Englander, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, entering the service 
at the age of sixteen years. Nehemiah Wheeler first settled in Ohio, but 
later moved to Jackson county, Indiana, where he lived the remainder of his 
life. His wife was Thursie Hall. He was a son of Enoch Wheeler, and 
the grandson of Samuel Wheeler, who was the first representative of the 
Wheeler family who settled in America. . 

Orrel H. Wheeler's education comprised three months in a country 
school, but he became a w^ell-read man. He was twice married, his first 
wife being J. O. Wheeler's mother. He came to Jackson county, Indiana, 
with his father's family, when twelve years old. He learned the carpenter's 
trade, but after moving to Jasper county, Illinois, he followed farming the 
rest of his life, his death occurring in the latter county. 

y. O. Wheeler received his education in the common schools of Jack- 
son countv. Indiana, and was a student in the high school in Jennings county, 
Indiana. After leaving school Mr. Wheeler took up farming and also learned 
the carpenter's trade. LIpon the breaking out of the Civil War. he enlisted 
for service in the L"''nion army on August 14, 1862, and served three years 



144 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

with the Ninet3--eighth Rtginient, Illinois \'oliinteer Mounted Infantry. He 
received gunshot wound'; in the hand antl in the hack while in the service, 
and from third sergeant he was promoted to hrst sergeant, then to first 
lieutenant. After the war he resumed farming, and in May, 1873. moved 
from Indiana to Kansas, homesteading land four miles west of Nickerson. 
Here he and his family endured all the hardships of the earlv Kansas 
pioneers, hunting Imtialo hones for a living and contenchng with the grass- 
hopper plague. Mr. Wheeler has now retired from active life, heing almost 
blind. 

On August 16, 1852. J. O. Wheeler was married to Mary Ruddick, 
who was a native of Jackson county, Indiana, and who died on July 13, 
1914. They were the parents of the following children: Emma E., who 
married Albert Dean and they have seven children; Alice, who married J. 
yi. Asher; Solomon, Julia, Clara Jane, who married William Dean and thev 
have five children ; Charles Harvey, who is now living on the farm, married 
Eannie Johnson and they have five children. All are deceased but Charles 
Elarvey. ?vlrs. AAdieler in early life ^^■as a Quaker, liut later was a member 
of the ^lethodist church, in which denomination Mr. "Wheeler is still acti\-e. 



CHARLES BLOOM. 



Charles Blodni. who for many years was one of the best-known busi- 
ness men in Hutchinson and who later lixed very comfortably on his fine 
farm in Reno township until his death on January 29, 1916, was a native 
of Germanv, haxing been born in ilic town of \\'aldmohr, Rhenish Bavaria, 
on June 24, 1846, son of I'liili]) and i\iary (Zimmer) Bloom, both born and 
reared in l'>avaria, members of the German Reformed church, and the for- 
mer of whom was a blacksmith. 

In 1856 the Bloom family emigrated to America, the vessel on which 
they sailed being forty-eight days on the way to the ])ort of Xew York. 
Upon arriving in ihi- conntrw the Blooms located al Tiffin, in Seneca county, 
Ohio, later moving to a farm near that city, where Air. and Mrs. Bloom 
s]ient the remainder of tluir li\es, both dying in 1870, the former at the age 
of seventy-two and the 1,'itter at the age of lifty-six. They were the par- 
ents of seven children, of whom the subject of this biographical sketch was 
the voungest, the others being as follow: Thilip. Jr., now deceased, who 
was a farmer in Ohio; Jacob, now deceased, who was a blacksmith in Ohio; 






CO 





RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I45 

Caroline, who died unmarried in Indiana; Charlotte, now deceased, who 
married George Hartman, of Seneca county, Ohio; Mary, who married 
William Leper and lives in Tiffin, Ohio, and Dora, who lives in Ft. Wayne, 
Indiana, widow of Luther Allbrecht. 

Charles Bloom was six years of age when he arrived in this country 
with his parents and his schooling therefore was wholly confined to the 
American system of education. He performed valuable labors in his youth 
in assisting in the clearing of the home farm in Seneca county, Ohio, and at 
the age of twenty-two, in 1868, he came to Kansas and entered a claim in 
Wilson county, but the fever and ague at that time were proving such draw- 
backs to that section of the state that he abandoned his claim and went to 
Andrews county, Missouri, where, in the village ofBalco, he opened a black- 
smith shop, he having learned that trade from his father, and was thus en- 
gaged until 1872, in which year he rented a farm in that same county, he 
having married there in the fall of 1871, and there he lived for four years, 
at the end of wdiich time he decided that Kansas offered better opportuni- 
ties for material advancement and returned to the state he had left in disgust 
seven or eight years before. He arrived in Reno county on July 18, 1876, 
where he lived until his death. Upon his arrival here he settled in Hutchin- 
son, even then a most promising village, and bought a building on the corner 
of Second and Main streets, in wdiich, in partnership with his brother-in-law, 
A. M. West, they started a livery stable, which they conducted for some 
time. In 1878 Mr. Bloom and his partner bought the water-power flour mill, 
which they operated until 1901. Mr. Bloom also was the organizer and one 
of the five men who composed the wholesale grocery concern of C. Bloom 
& Company and was connected with that flourishing business until 1901, at 
the same time being actively connected with the retail grocery and general 
store of the A. M. West Company, from 1883 to 189 1, dividing his time 
about equally between the two enterprises. In 1895, five or six years before 
his retirement from business in Hutchinson, Mr. Bloom had jjought two 
hundred and forty acres of the Wolcott ranch, west of Hutchinson, and 
after his retirement made his home there. For several years he operated an 
extensive dairy there, but in later years confined his attention wdiolly to gen- 
eral farming and gave his personal attention to the management of his well- 
kept farm. In 1910 Mr. Bloom's second son, Ralph H. Bloom, opened a 
livery barn in Hutchinson and Mr. Bloom had an interest in that concern. 

On October 3, 1871, Charles Bloom was united in marriage, in Seneca 
county, Ohio, to Margaret E. West, wdio was born in that county, daughter 
(loa) 



146 RENO COUXTY. KANSAS. 

of James and Julia \\"est. and i" ihU union three children have been born: 
H. Clayton, a retired merchant living in Hutchinson; Ralph H., who operates 
a hvery barn in Hutchinson, and Bessie, who married Delos Smith, president 
of the Hutchinson ^\'holesale Saddlery Company. 

'\[v. Bloom was a Democrat and during the early years of his residence 
and during the time of his active business career took an active and influen- 
tial part in the political affairs of Reno county and of the county seat town, 
but never was an office seeker. He was honorable and upright in all his 
relations in life, and will be long remembered by his many associates and 
friends. 



ROBERT JA:\IES GRAHAM. 

The late Robert James Graham, for more than twenty years one of 
Hutchinson's sterling and most substantial citizens, a man highly respected 
throughout the whole county, active and influential in all good works here- 
about, whose widow, ^^frs. Sarah Marshall Graham, is still living in Hutch- 
inson, honored and respected l)y the entire community, was a native of 
Ohio, ha\"ing been Ijorn on a farm in Morrow county, that state, ]\Iarch 8, 
1850, son of Thomas and Isabelle ( Walker) Graham, both natives of \\'ash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, and both of sterling Scottish descent. 

Soon after their marriage, Thomas Graham and wife left Pennsylvania 
and moved over into central Ohio, settling in Alorrow county, where they 
bought a farm and there spent the remainder of their lives, Mrs. Graham 
dying when the subject of this sketch was nine years old. Eight children 
were born to Thomas Graham and his wife and all were reared in the strict 
f;uth of the Reformed church, both ]\Ir. and ^Frs. Graham having been 
rigid "Covenanters." Thomas Graham was a good farmer and an excellent 
manager and liecame a man of considerable substance, his children being 
given every advantage in the way of schooling and cultural training, all 
becoming good citizens, serving usefully in their respective callings. 

Robert j. Graham received his elementary education in llie schools of 
his native county and supplemented the same In- a thorough course in 
01>erlin College, from which he was graduated witli honors. He had been 
reared to the life of the farm and soon after his marriage, on .Vpril 23, 
1873, bought a farm in Richland county. Ohio, where he made his home 
until 1884. in which year he disposed of all his holdings there and came 
West with the intention of settling in Dakota. On the way out he stopped 



KKXO cor XT Y, KANSAS. I 47 

at liutchinsiui, this county, to make a \isit wilh his Ijruthcr-in-law, W. K. 
Marshall, who had located in that city some time previously, and during 
that visit hecame much im])ressed with the possibilities of this section of the 
state. He continued his trip to Dakota, however, hut after having- received 
so favorahle an impression u\ conditions hereabout was not much impressed 
with conditions in Dakota. Upon his return to Hutchinson, Air. Graham 
told his wife, who meanwhile had remained there, that they would remain 
in Hutchinson that winter and if conditions still seemed favorable in the 
following spring they would make their home here. During that winter Mr. 
Graham's liking for Kansas increased and in the spring he buught three 
hundred and twent\- acres of land in Lincoln towaiship, continuing, how- 
ever, to make his home in Hutchinson, managing the farm from his home 
in town. Later he increased his investment in Reno county realty by buying 
the quarter section just north of Hutchinson, which his widow sold in 1909 
to the Kansas State Fair Association and which has been converted into the 
state fair grounds. 

In the early nineties Robert J. Graham became a partner with Air. 
Ardery in the A. & A. drug-store enterprise at Hutchinson and for ten 
years was an acti\e partner in the same. He also was interested in various 
other enterprises in and about the city and was long regarded as one of 
Hutchinson's leading citizens, so that at the time of his death, on October 18, 
1905. he was widely mourned, the community recognizing that he had been 
true and faithful in all the obligations of life. In 1888, four years after 
taking up his residence in Hutchinson, Mr. Graham built a pleasant home at 
310 Fourth avenue, east, wdiere his widow still lives, very comfortably sit- 
uated and enio\ini?- the constant evidences of the high esteem in which she 
is held by the entire community, her devotion to all good works hereabout 
havine endeared her to all. Mrs. Graham is alone in her home, so far as 
family is concerned. Three of her Imbies died in infancy and the only child 
who grew to maturity, her dearlv lo\-ed daughter. Myrtle, who married 
Harry Squire, died in Feliruary, 1909. Mrs. Graham's parents, Robert and 
Rebecca (Riddle) Alarshall, died in Richland county, Ohio, before her mar- 
riage to Mr. Graham, but she has a sister. Airs. Dora Silver, wife of George 
Silver, of Ellsworth, this state, and a brother, Edgar Alarshall. a i^rtMninent 
clothing merchant of Alansfield, Ohio. Another brother, the late William 
R. Alarshall, was for years a wTll-known resident of LIutchinson, this county. 

Robert L Graham was an earnest member of the Presbyterian church 
at Hutchinson, in the ^■ar^ous beneficences of wdiich he ever took a warm 
interest, his widow still being devoted to the same. Air. Graham was a Re- 



148 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

publican and ever took a good cilizen"s interest in local political affairs, 
being greatly concerned in good go\'ernment, though never having been 
included in the office-seeking class. He was a member of the order of Mod- 
ern Woodmen, in the aft'airs of which he took a warm interest and durine: 
the two decades and more in which he made his home in Hutchinson was 
regarded as one of that city's most popular citizens, a friend to all, all 
friendly to him, a good neighbor and an enterprising and public-spirited 
citizen. 



WILLIAM PEARSON. 



AMlliam Pearson, a veteran of the Civil ^\^ar and one of the pioneer 
farmers of Reno county, who lived retired at his pleasant home at 221 
Eleventh avenue, west, in Hutchinson, until his death, on September 12, 
191 5, was a native of the Emerald Isle, having been born in Londonderry, 
County Derr}-, in the north of Ireland, on ]\Iarch 29, 1841, son of Gibbons 
and Jane (Wilson) Pearson, both natives of that county, of Scottish descent, 
the former of whom was a member of the established church of England 
and the latter a Presbyterian. 

Gil)bons Pearson was a contracting teamster, the owner of more than 
a dozen teams, who had the contract to do all the hauling between London- 
derry and a neighborhood village. In 1841 he emigrated with his family to 
America, stopping for a sliort time in New York City, where he was 
employed as a teamster, presently moving to a town in Pennsyhania, where 
he died within the year. His widow never remarried and presently moved- 
l)ack to New York City, where she spent the remainder of her life. She 
was left with se\en children, live sons and two daughters, upon the death of 
her husl)and, and she bravely kei)t her family together, l)ringing them up to 
lives of usefulness. Of these children, the subject of this biographical 
sketch, who was next to the youngest, was the only one who ever came 
West, the others making their homes in New ^'ork City rmd Brooklyn, and 
they are all now deceased. 

\\'illiam I'earson was an infanl in arms when he was brought to 
America by his parents and was but two years of age when his father died. 
He attended the public schools of New York City and at the age of four- 
teen liegan learning the carpenter trade. In ^^lay, 1861, when twenty years 
of age. he responded to President Lincoln's first call for volunteers to help 
put down the rebellinn of the Southern states, enlisting in New York City 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I49 

in L'oinpaii}- 1'", ScNcntx-niiUh l\c,i;iincnl, Xcw N'ork XOlnniccr liifaiilr)', the 
famous "HiohiaiKlcrs." with which he served for a htlle iiKjre than three 
years, being mustered out in June, 1864. During this term of service, Mr. 
Pearson was a jjarticipant in some of the most important and bloody en- 
gagements of the L'i\il War. His regiment was attached t(j the Ninth Army 
Corps, First Division of Hurnsides' Army, and was present at Ijoth Ijattles 
of Bull l\un, of Port Ro^al Ferry, South Carolina; of South Mountain, 
Antietam, Fredericksburg, V'icksburg, Jackson, Blue Springs, the siege of 
Knoxville, the Wilderness. Spottsylvania, Hatchers Run and Petersburg. 

At the close of his army service, Mr. Pearson returned to New York 
and entered the employ of his brother, Alexander, who was engaged in the 
manufacture of sewing-machine cases for the Grove & Baker factory, and 
in 1867 became his brother's partner, this arrangement continuing until 
1872, in which }ear he engaged in the retail furniture business in the city 
of Brooklyn and became quite successful in that line. In the meantime, in 
1866, he had married and had established his family in a tine three-story 
house in the citv. In 1874 an asthmatic trouble with which Mr. Pearson 
for some time had been afflicted became so pronounced that it was declared 
imperative that he should seek a different climate. With that end in \"iew 
he came to Kansas, leaving his family in their home in Brooklyn, and sought 
relief from his disability in the far-sweeping and health-giving l^reezes of 
Reno county, living here during the summer and fall of 1874, "batching"' 
with a homesteader in Medford township, and was so agreeably impressed 
with the possibilities of this region that he bought a quarter of a section of 
land thereabout as an investment. To his great joy, he presently found that 
his asthmatic afHiction had entirely disappeared and he returned home, con- 
fident that he was ]5ermanently restored ot his former excellent state of 
health. He had not l)ecn home more than a f(^rtnight, however, until his 
olrl enenn-. the asthma, again attacked him and this time with such force 
that his life was despaired of. Pie hastened back to his old quarters in this 
county and then and there decided to make this his permanent home, his 
affliction again having disappeared. 

Preparatory to the establishment of his new home. Mr. Pearson home- 
steaded one-quarter of section 12. in Medford township, adjoining the (juar- 
ter of a section he previously had bought, and set about the erection of a 
home. Not content to 1)ring his family, accustomed to the comforts of their 
hue home in the city, to such a form of habitation as that represented in the 
"shacks" such as his pioneer neighbors had I)uilt on their homestead lands, 
Mr. Pearson, at much trouble and no small expense, caused to be erected a 



150 RENO COL'XTY, KAXSAS. 

large frame house, one and one-half stories in height, lilled in Ijetween the 
weather-hi larding and the plaster with brieks, in order to make it as near 
winter-jiroof and c)clone-proof as p,ossilde, tlie house being prol^ably the 
largest and l)est house in the count}- at that time. "Sir. Pearson's care in 
thus proxiding for the coming needs of his family was -a matter of wide 
comment throughout the county and one of the Hutchinson newspapers of 
that date was moved to remark that "a New Yorker has come to the coimty 
and has built a mansion on his farm." When all was in readiness, Air. 
Pearson sent for his wife and family, having meanwhile closed out his busi- 
ness interests in the city, and they arrived on July 4, 1876. 

In order to gain a closer acquaintance with his pioneer neighbors and 
as a suitable "house-xxarming" for the nexx' home. Mr. Pearson had extended 
a general in\itation throughout the countryside for all the pioneer neighbors 
to gather in at his nexv home on a certain evening and become acquainted 
with his wife and family. The response to this cordial invitation was gen- 
eral, the jieople of that then sparsely settled country coming distances of 
twenty miles or more to take part in the festivities. That had been a season 
of hard fortune for the peo])le hereabout, what with the drought and the 
grasshoppers, and the opportunity thus to break the dread monotony of 
conditions on the prairie was not to be overlooked. A nuinber of great 
turkeys, together with "lashin's of fixin's" had been provided for the occa- 
sion and the Pearson home then and there established a reputation for hos- 
pitality that it ever retained. The only musicians in Hutchinson, four in 
number, had been brought out to the new homestead to provide music for 
the dance which followed the feast, and dancing was kept up in the new 
barn, the floor of which had been converted into an admirable dancing sur- 
face, until six o'clock the next morning. The floor of one of the large 
rooms in tiie house was nearly covered with the sleeping babies, thus tucked 
away for the night while their respective mothers were enjoying the festivi- 
ties. And thus the Pear.sons established themselves in Reno county, the 
"house-warming" which inaugurated their ,arri\al here still being a matter 
of pleasant recollection on the part of the survi\ing "old-timers," who have 
never ceased to keep in mind the ojiening of the new home. 

From the very beginning of his farming operations in this cnintx'. Mr. 
Pearson w\as successful and he graflually enlarged his original holdings 
until he became the owner of inv.v hundred acres of valual)lc land. In 1902 
he retired from the active duties of the farm and he and his wife, who had 
ever been a valuable and competent helpmate in the life on the farm, moved 
into Hutchinson, where she is now living in a very pleasant home at 221 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I5I 

Eleventh street, west. On jnl\- 3, i()if», Mr. and .\h>. I'earson would have 
celebrated their ""-olden wedding-.'" had he li\ ed, that date marking the fiftieth 
anniversary of their marriage in Xew \'ork Cit}- on July 3, 1866. Mrs. Pear- 
son, who before her marriage was l^llen Edwards, was born in Canada and 
located in New York City when a small girl, her ])arcnts, Matthew and 
Jane (McLean) I*~dwards, moving to the city at that lime. To the 
union of William and l^llen (Edwards) Pearson eight children were born, 
namely: Alexander, who is engaged in the furniture business at Eugene, 
Oregon; Ella, wdio died at the age of twenty; Thomas Burnsides, who lives 
on the old homestead farm in Medford towaiship; William Gibbons, who is 
engaged in the piano business in Kansas City, Missouri ; James Lincoln, 
connected wdth the Zinn Jewelry Company at Hutchinson ; Jennie, who mar- 
ried Charles Smith, a well-known farmer of Reno towaiship, this county; 
Mary E., who married William Davis, a Medford township farmer, and 
Sarah M., who married Herman- Hostetter and died on Eebruary 12, 1909. 
Mr. and Mrs. Pearson w^ere members of the Alethodist Episcopal church 
and their children were reared in that faith. Mr. Pearson was a Mason and 
a member of Joe Hooker Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and for years 
took a warm interest in the atlairs both of the lodge and of his fellow- 
veterans of the Civil War. 



HENRY G. CURNUTT. 



Henry G. Curnutt, an honored veteran of the Civil War and a pioneer 
farmer of this county, now living pleasantly retired in the city of Hutchin- 
son, is a Hoosier, having been born in Fayette county, Indiana, December 
24, 1844, son of Calloway and Lydia (Hutchings) Curnutt. the former of 
whom w^as a Virginian who migrated to Indiana wdien a boy. with his par- 
ents, and the latter a native of Indiana. 

Callow^ay Curnutt grew- to manhood in Fayette county, Indiana, being 
reared on a pioneer farm, and upon reaching manhood's estate began farm- 
ing on his own account. He married a neighbor girl and established a 
home there, in which he and his family lived until 1849, i" which year they 
moved to Montgomery county, Indiana, settling on a farm near the village 
of New Richmond, on which he and his wife spent their last days. They 
were Methodists and substantial and useful members of the community in 
which they lived. Calloway Curnutt died in 1858, in his fortieth year, and 



15- RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

his widow survived him but live years, her death occurring in February, 
1863. at the age of forty-five. I'hey were the parents of eight children, five 
sons and three daughters, of whom tlie subject of this biographical sketch 
was the third in order of birth, and but one other of whom, the Rev. Will- 
iam Curnuii. now deceased, for years a well-known minister of the Meth- 
odist church at Tola. Kansas, ever came to this state. One of the other 
sons, P""rank Curnutt, next older than Henry G., Avas killed in battle at 
Stone's river, while fighting for the cause of the Union during the Civil 
War. 

Henry G. Curnutt was five years old when his parents moved from 
Fayette count}' to ^Montgomery county, Indiana, and he grew to manhood 
on the home farm in the latter county, receiving his education in the pioneer 
district school of that neighborhood. On July 25, 1862, he enlisted in Com- 
pany E. Seventy-second Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, for service 
during the Civil War, and served until February 4, 1863, on which date he 
was honorably discharged on account of physical disability, having been 
confined in hospital for two months previous to his discharge. His regiment 
was attached to the -\rmy of the Cumberland and among the important 
engagements in which he participated was the battle of Castillian Springs. 
x\t the termination of his military service, Mr. Curnutt returned home and, 
after recuperating from his weakened condition, took active management of 
the home place, he being the eldest of the sons of their wddowed mother at 
home. His mother died in the same month in which he was discharged 
from military service and he kept things going at home for five years, or 
until 1868. in which year the family dis1>anded and he went to ]\Iacon 
county, Illinois, where he rented a farm and esta1)lished a home of his own. 
On May 21, 1867. Mr. Ciu'nutt had married Dortha E. Smith, who was 
born and reared in Montgomery counl_\ . Indiana, and who al)ly assi.sted him 
in creating the new home in Illinois. She died there on June 10. 1875. 
leaving two children. Frank, who now li\e> in (\'i(l(lo countw Oklahoma, he 
having drawn a valuable farm claim in ihc allotment of lands when the 
Indian territory was opened for settlement, and May. who married Harry 
Camren, of Montgomery county, Indiana, and died in h'ebruary, igo6. 

Following the death of hi> wife, FTenry G. Curnutt ga\e U]) liis farm- 
ing operations in Illinois and, lea\ing his small daughter with kinsfolk in 
Indiana, came to Kansas, seeking a new strut amid the conditions that then 
seemed so promising in this count}'. He homesteaded a claim in Huntsville 
township and on February 14. 1877. married, secondl}-. in that township, 
Sarah E. Wilson, who was born in Muskingum coimty, Ohio, on February 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I 5 ^ 

3. 1849, (laughter of Samuel and Catherine (McMahon) Wilson, the former 
a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of (^hio, who were married in the 
latter state and made their home in Muskingum eounty, w^here Samuel Wil- 
son followed farming until the time of his death, in 1(852. He and his wife 
w-ere the parents of six children, Mrs. Curnntt heing the sixth in order of 
birth. Of these six children, hut one other is now living, Robert Wilson, a 
resident of Belvidere, Nebraska. The Widow Wilson did not remarry and 
upon the opening- of Reno coimty to settlement came here with her family 
and homesteaded a cjuarter of a section of land in Huntsville township, 
where she created a new home, which, however, she did not live long to 
enjoy, for her death occurred in 1875, she then being sixty-three years, 
nine months and ten days of age. Not long after his marriage in this 
county, Mr. Curnutt sold his homestead and bought the northwest quarter 
of section 2, township 2t^, range 9 west, in Huntsville township, and as he 
prospered in his farming operations added to the same until he now is the 
owner of a fine farm of two hundred and thirteen and one-half acres there, 
on which for years he carried on, cjuite extensively, general farming and 
stock raising and became quite well-to-do. In 1898 he and his wife retired 
from the active duties of the farm and moved to Nickerson, this county, 
where they lived until in April, 1913, in wdiich month the\' moved to Hutch- 
inson and bought a pleasant home at 305 Sixth avenue, east, where they are 
now living. 

To Henry G. and Sarah E. (Wilson) Curnutt two children have been 
born, William, who is managing the home farm in Huntsville township, 
married Pearl Decker and has two children, William and Nellie, and Alma, 
wdio married Bartley Jessup. a banker of Abbeyville, this countv. and has 
two children, Ruth and I^reda Ellen. Mr. and Mrs. Curnutt are members 
of the Methodist church and for vears have l)een active in the s:ood works 
of that denomination. Eor seven years Mr. Curnutt was superintendent of 
the Sunday school of the Methodist church in Huntsville township, a .stew- 
ard of the church and a consistent financial supporter of the same. Mr. 
Ctu-'nutt also was acti\e and influential in the promotion of the interests of 
the schools of that townshi]-) and for sixteen years was treasurer of the com- 
bined school districts of his neighborhood, inclusive of four districts, and 
did much to help elevate educational standards thereabout. He is a Repub- 
lican and has ever given a good citizen's attention to the political affairs of 
the county. Enterprising and energetic, he took a prominent part in the 
promotion of the various interests of his home neighborhood and for eight 
years was president of the Nickerson Telephone Company, a concern which 



154 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

he helped to cstalilish. Mr. Cunuitt is an active member of Joe Hooker 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and takes a warm interest in the affairs 
of that patriotic society. 



HENRY NEUENSCHWANDER. 

Henry Neuenschwander, a well-known farmer of Salt Creek township, 
this county, is a Hoosier by birth, having been born in Adams county, 
Indiana, on January 17, 1878, son of Jacob Neuenschwander and wife, 
members of the ]\Iennonite colony in that county, who were the parents 
of five children, three of whom are still living, those besides the subject 
of this sketch being Xoah, who lives in Oklahoma, and Josie, who married 
George Keller and also lives in Oklahoma. The mother of these children 
died when her son, Henry, was a baby, and the latter has no recollection of 
e\er having heard her name. Jacob Nuenschwander married, secondly, Bar- 
bara Eagley, and in 1884 he and his family came to Kansas, settling in this 
count}-, \\here he bought a cjuarter of a section of land in Salt Creek town- 
ship and established a new home. To his second marriage two children 
were born, a daughter who died in youth and a son, Emil, who is now 
li\ing in Oklahoma. In 1900 Jacob Neuenschwander sold his place in this 
county and moved, with his family, to Beaver county, Oklahoma, where he 
and his wife are still liviu"'. devout members of the ]\Iennonite colonv there. 

Henry Neuenschwander was six years old when he came with his 
family to this county and he was reared on the home farm in Salt Creek 
township, attending the district schools and living the simple and somewhat 
puritanical life of a ]\Iennonite farmer boy. ITe was twenty-two years old 
when he accompanied his father and the other members of the family to 
Oklahoma. He remained there two years, assisting his father in getting 
settled in his new home, after which he returned to this county, married 
and rented a farm in Enterprise townshi]). on which he made his home until 
191 2. in which year he bought a quarter of a section of the farm of his 
father-in-law, John Schott, the southwest quarter of section :;, in Salt Creek 
township, including the Schott homestead, and there he has since made his 
home, becoming a prosperous and substantial farmer, his father-in-law, 
whose wife died in 1887, making his home with him and his wife. All are 
members of the Mennonite church, substantial and excellent people, who 
lend much to the general stability of that section of the county. Mr. Neuen- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I :^ 



:)D 



schwandcr never votes, in common with the ])racticc of the people of his 
faith, l)nt once served as clerk of the school district. 'rh')Ui:;^h, in the main, 
followinii" the old-fashioned \\a_\-s of his fathers in the manner (jf condncting 
his farm operations, he does not wholly decry modern methods and finds his 
b'ord antomobile a i^reat help and convenience. 

On Angust ig, 1902, Henry Neuensch wander was nnited in marriage 
to Lncy wSchott, who was born in Wayne connty, Indiana, danghter of John 
and Katie Schott, and who came to this county with her parents when, she 
was four years old and here grew to womanhood. John Schott is a native 
of France, having been born in a ]\Iennonite settlement in the eastern part 
of that country. As a young man he emigrated to the United States and 
finallv located in Allen countv. Indiana, in the Ft. Wavne neitrhborhood. 
where he married, later moving to Wayne county, in the neighljorhood of 
Richmond, Avhere he lived until 1878, in which year he and his familv came 
to Kansas and settled in this county, buying the southwest quarter of section 
3, in Salt Creek township, railroad land, and there made their new home. As 
noted above, Mrs. Schott died in 1887, and in 19 12 Air. Schott sold his 
farm to his son-in-law, Mr. Neuenschwander, who had married his daugh- 
ter, Lucy, youngest of his children in a family of six. Mr. and Mrs. X'eu.en- 
schwander have one son, Paul J. They also have in their household Helen 
and Arthur, whom they have undertaken to rear to manhood and woman- 
hood. 



SWAN ESKELSON. 



No history of Reno county would be complete without fitting reference 
to the* life and the works of the late Swan Eskelson, one of the very earliest 
settlers of this county, who braved all the privations and the distressing- 
conditions that confronted the ]iioneers of this section during the early years 
of the settlement hereabout and who succeeded largely, in tiiue coming to 
be one of the most substantial farmers and stockmen of the Hutchinson 
neighborhood, his fine farm in Clay township having been developed froiu 
the homestead which he entered there in 1871, three months after the tirst 
settlement made in Reno county. 

Swan Eskelson was born near the town of Wexo, Sweden. December 
3, 1826, and was past eighty-nine years of age at the time of his death, on 
January 15, 1916. He was the son of Eskel and Ingebar (Jahnsdatter) 
Swanson, natives of the kingdom of Sweden, who spent all their lives in that 



156 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

country, rearing their children in the faith of the Lutheran church. Eskel 
Swanson died in 1856 and liis widow sur\i\ed him many years, her death 
occurring in 1884, she then heing past ninety years of age. Swan Eskelson 
was reared on a farm and when twenty-two years of age married Kersting 
Germanson, who was born in Sweden in October, 1825. After his marriage 
he tilled his father's farm, rearing liis family there, until the spring of 1871, 
at which time he came to the United States, he and the other members of 
his famil}- joining at Topeka. this state, in June, his sons, John, who had 
come to this country in 1869, and Peter, who had followed in 1870. Upon 
arriving in Kansas, .Swan Eskelson lost little time in seeking a homestead 
tract and in the summer of 1871 homesteaded the northw^est quarter of sec- 
tion 24. in Clay township. Reno county, in addition to which he bought 
eight} acres of railroad land and there he established his home. Erecting 
a little shack on his homestead on the plain. Swan Eskelson faced the task 
of developing a home in the midst of rather unpromising conditions, but he 
weathered the hardships of the grasshopper years and the years of drought 
and flame and presently began to prosper. He early made a specialty of 
stock raising, the free range at that time offering large opportunities for the 
successful prosecution of that business, and made a fortune. He later 
bought another quarter section in Clay township and became one of the 
county's most substantial farmers. His wife died on June 29, 1897, and in 
1900 .Mr. Eskelson sold most of his land and moved to Hutchinson, where 
he built a home and prepared to spend the Ixdance of his da}-s in the city, 
but conditions in the pent-u]) environment were not to his liking and he 
returned to the farm, built a new house near that of his daughter, Mrs. 
Hannah Strandberg, w-ho now owns the old home place, and there regained 
the freedom of spirit he could not feel in the cit}'. 

On January 15. 1916, ]\Ir. Eskelson suffered an attack of heart disease 
while entering an interurl)an railwa\' car in fmnt of the Baldwin bote! in 
Hutchinson to return to his home near Kent station and before medical 
assistance could be secured was dead. Mr. l-lskelson for man\- years had 
been regarded as one of the leaders of the considerable Swedish colon\ in 
this county and his sudden death was widely mourned l)y his many friends. 
He was an ardent l\e])ul)lican and had served his home township in the 
capacity of trustee and as treasurer. He and his w'ife were earnest mem- 
bers of the Swedish Eutheran church at Ilutcbinsdn and their children were 
reared in that faith. There were six of these children, namely: The late 
John E.skelson, who at the time of his death was the owner of eighteen hun- 
dred acres of land in Clay township, his widow now being the largest land- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I 57 

owner in Clay townsliii); I'ctcr. liorn on October 28, 1848. a well-known 
retired farmer Ii\in^- on his line farm in Clay townshii); Christine, who mar- 
ried Allman Peterson, a Clay township farmer, both now^ deceased; M<>llie, 
wife of Jacob C. Hartshorn, of Los Angeles, California; Lena, wife of 
James Freese, of Hutchinson, and Hannah, wife of Peter Strandberg, a well- 
known farmer of Clay township, living on the old Lskelson homestead. 



ANDREW JACKSON HUCKLEBERRY, JR. 

Andrew Jackson Huckleberry, Jr., one of Reno county's best-known 
young practical farmers and an extensive buyer of horses and mules, whose 
operations extend all o\'er the plains and mountain states, is a native of 
Texas, having been born in the towai of San Angelo, in Tom Green county, 
that state, on December 28, 1884, son of Andrew Jackson and Lilly (Hum- 
phrey) Huckleberry, pioneers of this county, wdio were temporarily residing 
in Texas at that time, the former of whom is still living in this county, at 
the age of seventy-eight, and the latter, born in Lexington, Kentucky, in 
1852, died in 1903. 

The senior Andrew J. Huckleberry, who is a remarkably well-preserved 
old gentleman and who is still living on his fine place in Salt Creek town- 
ship, which has been his home since 1872. the year after the first permanent 
settlement in Reno county, is one of the most interesting figures hereabout, 
a veteran of the Civil War, a gentleman of much learning and wide infor- 
mation, widely traveled, courtly in his ways, after the manner of the old 
school, and a most engaging conversationalist. He is a Hoosier by birth, 
having been born in Clark county, Indiana, on the banks of the Ohio river. 
He received an excellent education and as a young man was engaged as 
bookkeeper on one of the fast packets then plying the waters of the Ohio, 
later being promoted to the position of shipping clerk. When the Civil War 
broke out he enlisted in the Fourth Indiana Cavalry and served for four 
years, participating in all the notable engagements taken part in liy that gal- 
lant regiment, including the battles of Chattanooga and Murfreesboro, and 
marched with Sherman to the sea. 

At the close of the war, ]\Ir. Huckleberry settled in Saline county, Mis- 
souri, where he shortly afterward luarried Lilly Humphrey, a Kentucky 
girl then living there, and successfully engaged in business. In the spring 
of 1872, attracted by the promising possibilities presented in this part of 



15^^ RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

K;insas, he came to Reno count}-, the first permanent settlement having been 
made here the year before, and homesteaded a quarter of section 20, town- 
sh'ip 23. range 7 west, in Salt Creek township, and there made his permanent 
home. To this tract lie later added, by purchase, an adjoining Cjuarter sec- 
tion, and on this well-kept and admirably-improved old home place he is 
now spending in cjuiet comfort the pleasant "sunset time" of his life. Mr. 
Huckleberry was among the \evy hrst settlers of Salt Creek township. He 
came to Reno count}' with about fourteen hundred dollars in mOney and 
among his other possessions, most precious in the pioneer community, were 
three head of mules, a team of horses and a new wagon, he having been the 
first man in the township to own a team of horses or mules. One of the 
other settlers was the proud possessor of one horse and one ox, which he 
used effectivel}" in team work. The early settlers were glad to bargain with 
Mr. Huckleberry for work on his place, taking in pay therefor the use of 
his teams with which to haul buffalo bones to Hutchinson, at that time a 
flourishing market for these "natural products of the soil." As a pioneer, 
Air. Huckle1)erry passed through all the hardships of the grasshopper plague 
and the later plagues of flame and drought and his ^■ivid recollections of that 
period form an inexhaustibde and accurate source of information regarding 
that i-nha])i)y chapter in the history of Reno county. In the early eighties 
Air. and Mrs. Huckleberry left this county, the state of Mrs. Huckleberry's 
health at that time seeming to require a change of climate, and for fifteen 
years were in residence elsewhere, first lixing in Texas, then in Arkansas 
and then in Xew Mexico. Though ever regarding his homestead place in 
Salt Creek township as his permanent home and being pleasant!}- situated 
there in the household of his son, who f(jr some time has Ijeen the practical 
manager of the place, Mr. Huckleberry has spent much of his time in tra\el 
and is thus a man of wide and gcncrril information. He is a member of the 
Methodist church at Partridge and ever lias displayed a i)ro])er interest in 
good works hereabout. lie is a Rcj^ublican and while gi\ing a gotxl citizen's 
attention to the political affairs of the count\-. ne\cr has been a candidate 
for ])ublic office. Besides his son, tlic junior A. ]. 1 Iucklcl)crr}-. .Mr. Huckle- 
l)crr}- has a daughter, .Ada, who niai-riid Wilh'ani C. Layman and lives on a 
farni south of Arlington, this county. 

A. J. Huckleberr}-. Jr., was l)Ut a sni.all boy when In's jiarents returned 
to Reno county to make their definite home. During the period of his school 
days his parents moved to Hutchinson in order that he might live there and 
receive the benefits of the city schools. Upon completing the common- 
school course, he attended the State Agricultural College at Manhattan. Tn 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I ^ij 

1903 lie married and for some years past has been in active charge of the 
old home farm of tliree hunch-ed and twenty acres in Salt Creek township, 
where lie makes his home. Most of his time, however, is spent in buying 
horses, liis operations in this hne taking him all over the plains and moun- 
tain states, he ])eing one of the most extensive dealers in horses an<l mules 
in Kansas. Upon the outbreak of armed hostilities in luu'opc in 19 14, he 
contracted with the British, French and Italian governments to furnish ani- 
mals for war purposes and has shipped since then more than two thousand 
horses and mules. 

On May 9, 1903, A. J. Huckleberry, Jr., was united in marriage to 
Maud Gregg, who w^as born in Worth county, Missouri, daughter of the 
late \\'illiam M. Gregg and wdfe. Mrs. Huckleberry's mother is a resident 
of this count}', her home being in Enterprise township. 



GEORGE TURBUSH. 



George Turbush, one of the leading factors in the mercantile and bank- 
ing circles of Nickerson, Reno county, Kansas, has for many years been 
identified with the progressive element of this section. His birth is recorded 
as having taken place on June 22, 1845, ^" Albany, New York, where he 
was reared. For nearly four years prior to his removal to this part of the 
country, he was engaged with the Clinton Wire Company, of Clinton. ]\Ias- 
sachusetts. Terminating his connections with this concern, he removed to 
this county, where he arrived in January, 1874. 

Just the year previous to the last named date, George Turbush was 
united in marriage to Flelen A. Haskins, a native of Ne\v York state, and to 
their union w^ere born these children: Elmer E. and Ernest F., both born 
in this state. Elmer E. was married to Anna Foley, and is living in Denver, 
Colorado, while Ernest married Nellie Shears and resides in Nickerson, 
Kansas. The w-edding of George Turbush and Helen Haskins was solemn- 
ized in January, 1873. Soon after his marriage, George Turbush became 
the owner of a soldier's homestead, consisting of one hundred and sixty 
acres, which he sold in 1883. He then entered the hardw^are business in 
Hutchinson, Kansas, and continued in that place and enterprise for a period 
of ten years. Some three years prior to the termination of his business con- 
nections in Hutchinson, Kansas, he had engaged in the same business in 
Nickerson, Kansas, to wdiich place he finally removed. While in Hutchin- 



l6o RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

son, Kansas, he was the president and manager of the Hutchinson Hard- 
ware Compan}-. Kor ten years he ser\ed his community as its mayor and 
has also been a director of the Nickerson State Bank, of which institution 
he was also one of the incorporators. 

George Turbush enlisted for service in the Civil War in December, 
1863, in the Eighth Regiment, of the \'ermont Volunteer Infantry, and 
served until the close of the war under General Sheridan. He is now a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He is also a member of the 
Free and Accepted Masons, belonging to the chapter and commandery. In 
his religious affiliations he is connected with the Congregational church. 



GEORGE R. BOWSER. 



The late George R. Bowser, who, at the time of his death, in 1901, was 
regarded as one of the largest landowners and most substantial and success- 
ful farmers of Lincoln township, this county, was a native of Pennsylvania, 
having been born in Armstrong county, that state, July 18, 1837, son of John 
and Julia Ann (Burnham) Bowser, both natives of the same county, farm- 
ing people of the sturdy sort, members of the Church of the Brethren, com- 
monly called Dunkards, frugal in their ways and earnest in all their doings. 

In ICS54 John Bow^ser and his family and Jonathan Martin, a neighbor, 
and the latter's family, decided to push on out of Pennsylvania into the then 
West. The two families, disposing of their lands and all their belongings 
save such portables as they conveniently could pack into their wagons as a 
nucleus f(jr the housekeeping that would be necessary in their new homes, 
drove out of Pennsylvania, through Ohio and through Indiana into Illinois, 
in which latter state they bought farms near each other in Schuyler county 
and established new homes in what was then ])ractically pioneer country, and 
there John Bowser and his wife and Jonathan Martin and his wife spent 
their last days, having established comfortable homes in the midst of their 
broad acres in which their declining years were passed. 

When the I'nig jnurncy from Pennsylvania was made there were two 
youthful members of the party who, even then were sweethearts. George R. 
Bowser, then seventeen years of age, and Jane Martin, slightly the lad's 
junior. She, too, had l)een born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Lydia (Sylvus) Martin, both also natives of Pennsyl- 
vania and farmers, who left their home a few miles north of Kittanning, 




MR. AND MRS. GEORGE R. BOWSER. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. l6l 

along- the Allegheny river, together with the P>owsers, to make their home 
in Illinois, in which latter state they spent the rest of their lives, .Mrs. Mar- 
tin, who was horn in 1820, dying in 1865; l^^i" husband, wdio w^as born in 
1818, snr\iving- until 1904. George R. Bowser and Jane Martin grew to 
maturity on their neighboring- farms in Illinois and on March 11, 1861, were 
married. After his marriage, George R. Bowser rented farm lands in Illi- 
nois and li\-ed there as a tenant farmer until 1868, by which time rents had 
become so high that he and his wife decided to push on farther West, seeking 
cheaper land, packing their necessary belongings in a covered wagon they 
and the two or three small children by which their union then had been 
blessed, moved over into Missouri, where the family made a home on rented 
land for eight vears, at the end of which time thev came to Kansas, locatinof 
in Reno county, arriving in Hutchinson on jMay 27, 1876. ]Mr. Bowser 
bought a farm on the "Sun City Trail" in Reno township and there he and 
his family made their home for four years. He then traded that tract for the 
relinquishment of a timber claim in Lincoln township, the same being the 
northwest quarter of section 24, of that township, and there established a 
permanent home. Several years later, when it came time to "prove up" his 
claim, he found that through no fault of his own all the provisions of the law 
governing- the entry of timber claims had not been rigidly followed out and 
that he had no title to the land which he had improved and on which he had 
established a home. However, the land officers permitted him then to home- 
stead the place and thus he got title to it, after all. 

AAdien the Bowsers settled in this county they were verv poor and had 
little but their willing hands and stout hearts to back them in the struggle 
which the pioneers of that period were compelled to undergo. The first few 
years, therefore, what with the bad seasons and the blighting winds, were 
discouraging, indeed, and it is not unlikely that if they had had funds suffi- 
cient to pay their passage out, they would have left the county, as so many 
others did during that time. But they "stuck it out,"" and in the end were 
greatly rewarded, for at the time of his death, on May 25. 1901, George R. 
Bowser was the owmer of eleven hundred and eighty acres of fine land in this 
county and was besides independently rich in money, all made on the land 
and in the cattle and the hogs that he sent to market during the many active 
years of his life. ]Mr. Bowser w'as a Democrat and took a good citizen's 
part in the political life of his community, at one time serving the township 
as assessor. He and his wife were active members of the Harmony Baptist 
church in Lincoln township and did well their part in promoting proper con- 
(iia) 



1 62 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

ditions of li\iiig' during" the earl}- days when that community was being 
organized. 

After the death of Mr. Bowser, his widow managed the farm for a few 
years, ever having been a strong, capable woman and an admirable manager, 
and during that time bought and paid for two farms, thus adding more to 
the family's already extensive landed wealth. She then decided to divide 
the estate among her seven children and each one received eleven thousand 
eight hundred dollars, or its equivalent in land, and Mrs. Bowser, still has a 
large annual cash income from the investments made with the remainder. 
Airs. Bowser still makes her home on the old home place, which now is 
owned by her youngest son, Arthur, who is unmarried and also makes his 
home there. There w'ere seven children born to George R. and Jane (Mar- 
tin) Bowser, as follow: Lemon, a well-to-do farmer, living near Darlow, 
in this county; Curtis, who lives on a three-hundred-and-twenty-acre farm 
on the Ninesca river in this county; Nettie, who married Louis B. Werkeiser, 
a big sugar-beet farmer near Greeley, Colorado; Frank, who lives in Ne- 
braska; George, who lives on a farm adjoining the old home place in Lincoln 
township; Arthur, who ][\es with his mother on the old home place, and 
Daisy, who married Clarence Llamilton and also lives on a farm in Lincoln 
township. The Bowser family is very properly regarded as one of the most 
substantial families in that part of the county and all the members of the 
same are held in high regard by their many friends thereabout. 



LEMON BOWSER 



A.. 



Lemon Bowser, a well-to-do and progressive farmer of Lincoln town- 
ship, this county, and one of the best-known men in the Darlow neighbor- 
hood, is a native of Illinois, having been born on a farm in Schuyler county, 
that state, March 6, 1862, eldest of the seven children l)orn to George R. 
and Jane (Martin) Bowser, botli natives of Pennsylvania, who moved from 
that state with their respective parents to Tllinois, where they were married, 
later moving to Missouri, whence they came to Kansas, locating in Reno 
county in 1876, becoming well known among the early pioneers of Lincoln 
township and large landowners, George R. Bowser having been, at the time 
of his death, in 1901, the owner of eleven hundred and eighty acres of fine 
land in this countv. His widow is still living on the old homestead in Lin- 
coin township, where she enjoys many evidences of the respect and esteem 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I 63 

oi" that entire iieighborliood. In a memorial sketcli relating- to the late 
George R. Bowser, presented elsewhere in this volnnie, there is set out a 
full history of this interesting pioneer famil)-, to which the reader is respect- 
fully referred in this connection. 

Lemon Pxjwser was about six years of age when liis ])arents m(;\ed 
from Illinois to Harrison county, Missouri, and in the laller place he 
received what meager schooling he was able to get in his youth, ])ut as he 
was the eldest child and h.is parents at that time were not in aflluent circum- 
stances by any means, he was kept busy on the farm assisting his father 
even from a very early age and his attendance at scht^ol was quite limited. 
He was fourteen years old when the family came to Kansas and settled in 
this county, having driven through in two covered wagons, driving seven 
head of cattle, and after that he had even less opportunitv for schooling, for 
the manifold tasks of developing the pioneer farm on the old "Sun City 
Trail'' required all the assistance he could give his father. In 1881 the 
family moved to what became the Bowser homestead in Lincoln township 
and there Lemon Bowser lived until his marriage, in 1888, working dili- 
gently in his parents' behalf, a large factor in getting' them well started on 
the road which led to their eventual wealth. After his marriao-e. Lemon 
Bowser for a few years rented land in Lincoln to\\nsliip and in t8q2 bought 
the northeast f[uarter of section 22, in that same township, the farm on 
which he ever since has made his home, and straightway began to improve 
the same and has since added to this quarter an eighty adjoining, it not being 
long until he had one of the best-developed places in that section, and in the 
Elmer neighborliood he has an eighty-acre tract. Tn ic^oi he erected h.is 
present comfortable and commodious farm house, and the other l)uildings 
of the farm are in keeping with the same. In addition to his general farm- 
ing, Mr. Bowser is also largely interested in the raising of purelired Perche- 
ron horses, his colts of that strain being in wide demand throughout that 
section. He also is the owner of three hundred and twenty acres of pasture 
land in Minnescah township, which he inherited from his father, and is 
accounted one of the substantial men of his neighborhood. In other at¥airs 
he has displayed a good citizen's activity and is now president of the Darlow 
Telephone Company, previous to his elevation to the head of that concern 
having l)een treasurer of the company. Mr. Bowser is an ardent Socialist 
in his political views and is one of the most vigorous advocates of the prin- 
ciples of that party in this county. 

On August 22, 1888, Lemon Bowser was united in marriage to Martha 
E. Tharp, who was born in West Virginia, daughter of John and ]\Tary 



164 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Jane Tharp, for }cars well-known pioneer residents of Reno county, who 
moved to Oklahoma in igoo, where Airs. Tharp died in 19 15 and where 
y\v. Tharp still makes his home, and to this union two children ha\-e been 
horn, Grover, horn in i88(;, who married Minnie Klein and lives on a farm 
in the Elmer neighborhood in this count}-, and Earl, born in 1892, who 
lives at home with his parents, 'fhe Bowsers have many warm friends in 
Lincoln township and throughout the county and are held in high regard 
bv all. 



GEORGE B. SHORT. 



George B. Short, a well-known and progressive young farmer of Salt 
Creek township, this county, is a native son of Reno county, having- been 
born on a farm in Salt Creek townhsip, not far from his present place of 
residence, October 6, 1S87, son of George AI. and Mary (Crook) Short, 
both natiN-es of Greene county, Illinois, where they grew up and where 
they were married, the former of whomi, born in 1858, died on February 11, 
191 1, and the latter, born on March 6, 1863, is still living, making her home 
with her children. 

In 1884. not long after their marriage, George AI. Short and his wife 
left Illinois and came to Kansas, settling in Reno county and Iniying an 
unimproved tract in Salt Creek township. Air. Short improved that place, 
erecting substantial buildings on the same and brought the farm to an excel- 
lent state of cultivation and there the family made their home until 1899, 
in which }-ear he sold the farm and bought the southwest quarter of section 
34, in the same township, the old T. B. Hand farm, one of the first tracts 
brought under cultivation in Salt Creek township in pioneer days. Two 
years later Air. Short bought the "eighty" adjoining- on the south, across 
the line in Center tr)wnshi]i, and on the new- place he spent the rest of his 
life, except the last year, when he li\e(l in Partridge, being accounted one of 
the most substantial farmers in the neighborhood, in addition to his general 
farming being also an extensive feeder of lixe stock, making a specialtv of 
the raising of purebred Poland (hina hogs. Air. !^hort was a Democrat and 
took an active jiart in local politics. ha\ing been an office-holder in Salt 
Creek town>hip during nearly all of the time of his residence there, serving 
the township variously in the several capacities of trustee, clerk and in other 
ways. He was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
of the Alodern Woodmen of America, in the affairs of both of which orders 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I 65 

he took a warm interest, and (lin-in<>' their residence in Illinois he and his 
wife were niemhers of the Lhiiled IJrethren elmreh. The)- were the i)arents 
of fonr ehildren. namely: Howard C, who lives on a farm near IMuffton, 
Arkansas: George B., the immediate snhject of this hiographieal sketch; 
Mayo W., unmarried, who li\es at Xewton. tliis state, and Mrs. Annahelle 
AMn'te, wh.o lives on a farm in Center township, this eoiintv. 

I^'ollowing his schooling- in the district school in the neighhorhood of 
his home, George B. Short attended the county high school at Xickerson 
for four \cars and worked on his father's farm until his marriage, in T910, 
after which, for three vears, he was engaged in the transfer husiness at 
Partridge. Upon the death of his father, in iQii, he was made administra- 
tor of the latter's estate and in 1014 moved onto the home farm and has 
ever since made his home there, doing well with his agricultural operations. 
Mr. vShort is a Democrat and during his residence in Partridge rendered 
excellent puhlic service as a memher of the city council. 

In Fehruary, 19 10, George B. Short w^as united in marriage to Svlvia 
W. Hand, who was horn on the pioneer homestead (.u which she now lives, 
daughter of T. B. Hand and wife, pioneers of Salt Creek township, the 
former of whom is now deceased and the latter living in California, and to 
this union one child has heen horn, a daughter, Beatrice, horn on Decemher 
25, 19 10. Mr. and Mrs. Short take an active interest in the general social 
affairs of their neighhorhood and are held in high esteem hv their manv 
friends throughout that neighhorhood. Mr. Short is a memher of the Odd 
Fellows lodge at Partridge and takes an active interest in the affairs of that 
popular order. 



GEORGE WASHINGTON .MOURN. 

George Washington Mourn, one of the l)est-known pioneer farmers of 
Reno county, proprietor of a fine farm in Walley township and for many 
years one of the leaders in the con.miunitv life of that neighhorhood. is a 
"Virginian, having hecn horn in >Monroe county, that state (now in West 
Virginia), h>hruary 2-/. 184T, son of Hoke and Jane AFourn. hoth natives 
of that same state, the former of whom was killed hy a fall from a hay loft 
in 1859. Hoke Mourn and wife w^ere the parents of four children, three 
sons and one daughter, the latter of whom is dead, the suhject of this 
sketch hax'ing two l)rothers, James and Edward. The Widow Afourn mar- 



1 66 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

ried, secondly, Herliert Shorthold, and died in McLean county, Illinois, in 
1878. 

George W. AFourn attended school during his boyhood in a log school 
house five miles from his home, walking that distance twice each day dur- 
ing the school terms. He was reared to detest the slave-holding system and 
when the Ci\il War l^roke out his sympathies were with the cause of the 
Union. Despite his A'iolent opposition to secession, however, he was forced 
into the service of the Confederate army by conscription, but presently man- 
aged to desert and took service with the cause of the North as fireman on 
the government steamboat "A'ictor 2," continuing such service on the Ohio 
and Big Kanawha rivers for three years. He had married in 1861 and in 
the fall of 1865 returned to ^\''est Virginia and began working as a carpen- 
ter for his brothers-in-law, Henry O. and William ]M. Smith, the latter of 
whom afterward became a contracting carpenter in Hutchinson, this county. 
In 1868 George A\'. ^^lourn and familv and one of ]\Irs. ]\Iourn's brothers 
started A\'est with a three-horse team and wagon. Upon reaching Missouri 
the brother became ill and the party stopped in Boone county, that state, 
where they remained three years, at the end of which time, in November, 
1 871, ]\Ir. Mourn and his family came to Kansas, locating in Reno county. 
thus becoming among the very earliest settlers of this county. Mr. Mourn 
homesteaded eighty acres and a timber claim of one hundred and sixty acres 
in section 32. \^alley township, and there established his home. He built a 
shanty of box boards and settled down to the strenuous task of developing 
his claim. Tn the spring of 1872 he "broke" ten acres and got in a liit of 
corn. That same year he worked with the construction crew of the Santa 
Fe Railroad Company and thus made a little ready cash. Buffaloes at that 
time were still plentiful on the plains and the family had no difficulty in 
obtaining fresh meat, but other supplies were not so easily obtained, Newton, 
the nearest market and postoffice, being twenty-five miles away; while Mr. 
Mourn had to dri\c eijjhtv miles to mill the first few \"ears he lived in this 
county. When the grasshoppers came, in 1874, he saved his cabbage ])atch 
by keejjing wet grass fires about the i)atch for two weeks. 

In 1876 Mr. Mourn .sold his homestead "eighty" and moved to his 
timber claim, where he ever since has made his home. In addition to the 
dwelling he erected there he i)Ut u]) a blacksmith shoji on the place and for 
twenty-five years worked at that trade, his sons looking after the farm. For 
a quarter of a century he also operated a sorghum mill, farmers for miles 
around bringing their cane to him to be converted into good Kansas sorg- 
hum. Since 1900 Mr. ]\lourn has kept thirty hives of bees and his apiary 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 167 

long has been his principal ''holjby;" that and in(lul5j;ing in reminiscences of 
pioneer days, for there are few of the surviving pioneers of Reno countyj 
whose reminiscences of the early days are more varied or more interesting 
than those of Mr. Mourn. He served on the first jury ever impanelled in 
Reno county. He is a Republican and for two years served as treasurer of 
Valley township, also having served as a member of the first school board 
in his township. 

On September 8, 1861, George W. Mourn was united in marriage to 
Mary Frances Smith, who was born within two miles of her husband's 
birthplace, February 25, 1842, daughter of Joseph and Susan Smith, both 
of whom died in West Virginia. To this union eleven children were born, 
namely : Ida May, who married W. E. Woodward and lives in Clay town- 
ship, this county; Viola, who married Frank D. Barnes and lives in Valley 
township; George, engineer at the strawboard works at Hutchinson; Mary 
Eliza1)eth, who married William T. Gregory and died on April 19, 1904; 
Luella, who married George Hoskinson and lives in Valley township; Will- 
iam H., who lives in Clay township; Rosa, born on November 22, 1872, 
who died on December 6, 1872; Effie A., who married V/esley Jackson and 
lives on a farm near Burdette, this state; Lillie, who married Charles Hos- 
kinson and lives in Valley township; Bertha, who married Samuel Imel and 
lives in Valley township, and Mertie, who married a Mr. Triplett, and mar- 
ried, secondly, Delva Butler, who is farming the old Mourn home farm. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mourn also adopted a child, Sadie May, who married Giles 
Day and lives in Burrton. Mrs. George W. Mourn died on November 22, 
19 1 2, and was Inn-ied in Burrton cemetery, Harvey county, Kansas. 



GARRETT SALLEE. 



Garrett Sallee, a well-known farmer of Grant township, this county, is 
a native of the great Blue Grass state, having been born in Mercer county, 
Kentucky, September 27, 1868, son of A. J. and Margaret (Vast) Sallee, both 
natives of that same county, the former of whom was l)orn on September 8, 
1848, and the latter, September 16, 1848, she having been the daughter of 
Jacob Yast, a Kentucky farmer and a soldier on the Union side during the 
Civil War. Margaret (Yast) Sallee died in 1871, leaving three children. John 
Garrett and \\'illiam. A. J. Sallee then married, secondly, Lucy Divine, 
and to this second union nine children were born. ?^[ary Ann, James H., 



l68 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Levi, George, Grundy. T.ntlier. Xancy, ]\Iartha and Richard. In 1888, he 
then being forty years of age, A. J. Sallee disposed of his interests in Ken- 
tucky and came to Kansas locatino- in Reno count^•. He bous:ht four hun- 
dred and twenty acres in A'alley township and there estabhshed his home, 
remaining there until 1903, in which year he moyed to Oklahoma, bought 
a half section of land in Alpha county, that state, and there has made his 
home eyer since. 

Garrett Sallee was about twenty years old when he accompanied his 
father to this county from the old home in Kentucky in 1888, and he has 
lived here ever since. The yer.r after arriving' here he married Lydia Hale, 
who also was born in ]\Iercer county, Kentucky, and who had come to Reno 
county with her parents. Elijah Hale and wife, in 1887. He then began 
farming on his own account and has prospered in his undertakings until 
now he is the owner of eight hundred and forty acres in this county and in 
the adjoining county of Rice. In Alay, 1896, he moved to the fine farm 
on which he is now living, in Grant township, and there he and his family 
are very jileasantly and comfortably situated. He is active in township 
affairs and is looked upon as one of the most substantial and influential 
farmers in that neighborhood. In addition to his extensive operations in 
the way of general farming, Air. Sallee devotes considerable attention to the 
raising of fine cattle and his Herefords command the top of the market. 

To Garrett and Lydia (Hale) Sallee two children have been born, 
daughters both. Bertha \\. born on N^ovember 11, 1889, and Flora Myrtle, 
August 2"/, 1897. Mr. and Mrs. Sallee are members of the Christian 
church at Xickerson and Mr. Sallee is a member of the Modern AA^oodmen 
of America. 



ALBERT LEE SWARENS. 

Albert Lee Swarens, one of Reno county's best-known farmers, who 
lives with his stepmother, .Mrs. Lewis Swarens. on a fine farm adjoining the 
city of Hutchinson on the northwest, is one of the original ])ioneers of this 
county, as is Mrs. Swarens. there ha\ing ])ccn l)ut two other families living 
within miles of them when they arrixcd at the point at which they still reside, 
in the vear 1871, the town of Hutchinson not then even having been staked 
out. They consecjuently have witnessed the whole of the wonderful develop- 
ment of this section of the state and may be accepted as authorities upon all 
questions relating to the history of Reno county and particularly of the 



RENO COl'NTY, KANSAS. lfi() 

neit^hl)! irliood about Tlutchinsoii, in which they ha\c H\c(l from the time of 
tlu' bcginnin<^- ot" a social order hereabout; doing well their respective parts 
in the de\"elopmeni of llie community which is so dear to both of them. 
Mrs. Lewis Swarens is a woman of the true ])ioneer type and during all the 
}'ears she has H\e(l in this county has done her whole duty as a neighljor and 
a friend to all. In her gentle heart there never has been room for mistrust, 
it ever haxing been her rule to believe only the best things regarding her 
neighbors, and throughout her long life in this community she ever has 
borne the profoundest respect and esteem of all. 

Albert L. Swarens was born in Woodford county, Illinois, October 25, 
1851. son of Lewis and Mary Ann (Watkins) Swarens, the former of whom 
was born in the town of New Albany, Indiana, on October 5, 1822, and the 
latter in Illinois. Lewis Swarens left the old Ohio river town. New Albany, 
when a boy and with his parents moved to Woodford county, Illinois, where 
he grew to manhood and where he was married in 1845. I" 1856 he moved 
with his family to Ilardin county, Iowa, where he bought two hundred and 
forty acres, and there he made his home until 1862, in which year he was 
seized with the "California fever," and, in company with several other famil- 
ies, the train comprising thirty-two wagons and one buggy, started on the 
long oxerland journey to the land of golden promises. En route the partv 
had several fights with hostile Indians and the redskins stole all their cattle. 
Upon his arrival in California, Lew^is Swarens encountered only disappoint- 
ments. In the winter of 1863 his wife died, at the age of thirty-five years, 
and shortly thereafter his eldest daughter, Evaline, died, both being buried in 
Calaveras county. His eldest son, Frank, joined the army and he did not 
see him again for years. With two small children on his hands amid new 
and untried conditions, Mr. Sw^arens decided to make his way back to the 
old home in Illinois. He and the two children, Albert L., then about twelve 
of age, and the little sister, Laura, boarded a \essel at San Francisco and by 
way of Panama, presently arrived at an Eastern port, whence thev returned 
to Woodford county, Illinois, where the children were left with relatives, 
after which Mr. Swarens again started \\'est. h^or some time he tried his 
fortunes in the mining region about Ogden, Utah, and later in Oregon, l)ut 
without success. In North Ogden he met Sylvesta Rice, who had located 
there with her parents in 1862, and on December 25, 1865, they were married. 
Sylvesta Rice was born at No. i. Park cottages. New' Park road, Brix- 
ton Hill, Surrey, near the city of London, in England, on September 28, 
1848, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Alurrell) Rice, the former of whom 
was born in Sussex on November 3, 1824, and the latter in Kent, April 17, 



170 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

1824. and who were married on November 22, 1847. ^^ ^^55, James Rice 
and his family came to the United States, landing from the sailing vessel, 
"Emerald Isle," at the port of New York. For seven years the Rices made 
their home in New York, James Rice being engaged as an engineer in a 
factory there and in 18G2 decided to migrate West. They made the trip 
across the plains in "prairie schooners," drawn by ox teams and located at 
North Ogden, where j\lr. and Mrs. Rice became associated wuth the Mormon 
church, having previously been members of the Episcopalian church, having 
been reared as members of the established church in England. They were 
the parents of seven children, of whom Syl vesta, Mrs. Swarens, was the 
eldest. She, however, did not join the Mormon faith. 

Following their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Swarens remained in 
Utah, ]\Ir. Swarens working at the carpenter trade until 1870, in which year 
they made a visit to friends in Cass county, Missouri, and from there w^ent 
into the Cherokee strip in Indian Territory, w^here for a year Mr. Swarens 
was engaged as a contractor getting out railroad ties. In the spring of 1871 
his son, Albert Lee Swarens, then grown to manhood, having rejoined him 
in Missouri, Mr. Swarens rigged out another "prairie schooner" and drove 
across country to Reno county, arriving at the site now occupied by the city 
of Hutchinson on June 17, 1871. At that time John Shehan and Mr. Frazier 
were the only people living within miles of that spot. Lewis Swarens home- 
steaded the southwest quarter of section 22, township 23, range 6 west, and 
there he and his wife and family proceeded to make a new home, their first 
place of abode there being a mere "dugout," which three years later was sup- 
planted by a house. The Swarens w^ere very poor upon starting their new 
home in this county, but they were industrious and wdth the true pioneer 
spirit made the best of the situation, eventually prospering, Lewis Swarens 
having l>een the owner of seven hundred and forty acres of choice land at 
the time of his death, on April 10, 1903. Since his death his widow and his 
son, Albert L., who is unmarried, have continued to make their home on the 
old homestead, where they have a fine farm of two hundred acres, besides 
being the owners of three quarter sections of excellent land in Medford 
township, this county. 

To Lewns and Sylvcsta (Rice) Swarens one child was Ijorn, a son, 
Lewis Leander, born on November 29, 1868, who died on June 17, 1889, 
his death having been due to a distressing accident. \Miile breaking a wild 
bronco he was thrown so violently as to break his leg in such a manner as to 
require amputation and he died under the shock of the operation. Lewas 
Swarens's daughter, Laura, who was left motherless in the wilds of Cali- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I7I 

fornia and who was returned to relatives in Tllinois after the long trip across 
the isthnuis of Panama, married George Darnell and now lives at Sunny- 
side, California. 

Albert L. Swarens is a good farmer and keeps his place ii]j in fine shape 
and his horses are of excellent stock. lie is a Democrat, Ijut is somewhat 
independent in his political views, believing that the man and not the party 
should l)c the controlling factor in determining the voter's judgment at the 
polls. 



VINCENT PRIDDLE. 



\'^incent Priddle, well-known farmer of Valley township, this county, 
and one of the most extensive landowners of Reno county, is a native of 
England, having been born near the town of South Petherton, in Somer- 
setshire, January i, 1862, son of Stephen and Charlotte (Pipe) Priddle. 
both natives of that same vicinity. Stephen Priddle was foreman of a brick 
yard. In 1868 he came to the United States and settled in Albany, New 
York, in the vicinity of which city he rented a farm and there spent the 
remainder of his life, his death occurring in 1885, he then being sixty years 
of age. His widow died in 191 1, at the great age of ninety-tw^o years. Her 
son, the subject of this sketch, paid her a visit at the old home in England 
just four months before she died. There were thirteen children born to 
Stephen Priddle and wife, of whom Vincent Priddle was the eleventh in 
order of birth. Twelve of these children grew to maturity. Three of Mr. 
Priddle's sisters are living in England; four sisters in the United States; 
one brother, Edgar, lives in Schenectady, New York, and one sister, Betsey, 
who married Samuel Collins, lives in Valley township, this county. 

Vincent Priddle never went to school a day in his life. As a boy he 
worked on a farm, for which service he received thirty-six cents a week. 
Eleven years after his father had come to America he followed. Previous 
to this some of the other children came over together, and worked on a farm 
in the neighborhood of the point in New York state where his father had 
located. It w-as in 1880 that Vincent Priddle came to this country, he then 
beinsr eis^hteen vears of age, and in 188^ he came to Kansas, locating in 
Harvey countv, where he worked on the Byle farm, south of Burrton, for 
thirteen month-:, at the end of whidi time, in 1885, he bought eightv acres 
in this county, the south half of the southwest quarter of section 16, in ^'al- 
lev township. The place was wholly unimproved and he straightway set 



1/2 RENO COUXTY, KANSAS. 

about gettini^- it under cultivatidu. He set out a fine grove and a splendid 
orchard and soon had one of llie 1)est-kept farms in the neighborhood. Mr. 
Priddle was a good farmer, energetic and industrious, and prospered from 
the \er\- start of his operations. He went into cattle raising on a somewhat 
extensive scale and as he prospered added to his land holdings until now he 
is the owner of twehe hundred and se\enty acres of fine land in A^alley 
township. Three hundred acres of this land he rents out and manages the 
remainder liimself. Since 1905 he has l^een one of the directors of the 
Farmers Grain Company at Haven and in other ways has taken an active 
part in the general business life of the communit}'. J\Ir. Priddle is an earnest 
member of the United Brethren church, of which he has been a trustee for 
thirty years; in which he also has iDeen a class leader and the Sunday school 
of which cluu'ch he is now superintendent. 

In ?ilarch, 1883, Vincent Priddle was united in marriage to ]\Iary Fol- 
let. to which union eight children have been born, as follow : Charles, a 
minister of the United Brethren church at Pensacola, this state; Anna, who 
married E. E. Barrett and lives near Dodge City ; Leo, who is a valuable 
assistant to his father in the work of managing the big farm, and Hazel 
and Edgar, also at home, and three who died in childhood. Air. Priddle is a 
prominent Mason, a member of the l)lue lodge of that order at Haven and 
of the consistorv at AA'ichita. He also is a member of the Ancient Order 
of United AA'orkmen and in the affairs of both of these orders takes a warm 
interest. 



CHARLES SEEDLE. 

Charles Seedle, a well-known farmer of Reno count \\ owner of a half 
section of well-improved kind in \'alle_\- townshi]), where he has resided 
since 1884, is a native of Ohio, having been born in (Ireene count}", that 
state, March .:; 1 , 1.^56, kist Ijorn of the clc\-en chiklren born to Ids parents, 
and the onlv one now survivincr. I lis father, hovu in I 'cnnsvlvania, son of 
German parents, and who (bed when the sul)iect of this sketch was a small 
boy, was a shoe-maker by trade. lie married a widow. Mrs. Eliza (Alich- 
ael) Houser, also born in Pennsyhania, who was the mother, b\- her lirst 
marriage of two sons. Henrv and b»hn Houser, \\ho came to Kansas in 
1884 and settled in Osage county. John Houser died in Ohio. 

Orphaned when he was a l)aby, Charles Seedle was cared for when a 
child in successive families, including those of the Haggard and Mack famil- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. iy;i, 

ies, and from the age of thirteen to twenty years in the family oi W'ilham 
l^'erguson. His earl}- echicatiun was whoUy nt'^lected and at the age of four- 
teen he had not }'et learned the ali)hal)et. Reared (ni (jreene eount}' farms, 
he became an excellent farmer and when he was twenty years old hegan 
"working out" on his own account, being thus engaged until the time of his 
marriage, at the age of twenty-four, when he rented a- farm in liis native 
county and set u]) a home for himself, remaining there for four years, at 
the end of which time, in the sj^ring of 1884, he came to Kansas on a hc^me- 
seeking tour and bought one-half of the northwest quarter of section 17, in 
Valley township, this county, and early the next spring brought his family 
here, arriving on March 1, 1885. On his farm w-as a two-room house, a 
small barn and a few trees. Upon taking possession he at once entered upon 
the task of improving his place and bringing it to a proper state of cultiva- 
tion" and as he prospered gradually added to his land holdings until now he 
is the owner of three hundred and tw^enty acres of well-improved land sur- 
rounding his home, he having bought from time to time three "eighties" 
adjoining his home place. Though very poor when he started farming in 
Reno county, Mr. Seedles has done well and is regarded as one of the 
substantial residents of his community. He erected his present excellent 
farm house in 1900 and the other improvements on the farm are in keep- 
ing wdth the same. Mr. Seedles is "independent" in his political views, 
believing in supporting the best men for public office, regardless of party 
affiliations. 

On December 25, 1879, Charles Seedles was united in marriage to 
Tabitha Sutton, who was born on March 5. t86i, in Clinton county, Ohio, 
daughter of Jeremiah and Mary Ann (Culbertson) Sutton, farming people, 
the former of whom died in Ohio in 1888, aged fifty-four years, and the 
latter in 1887, aged forty-eight. To this union four children have been 
born, namely : Dora, who married the Rev. Charles Priddle, a United 
Brethren minister stationed at Pensacola. in the neighboring count\- of 
Kingman, and they have three children, Harley, Clyde and Cdenn : Jesse, 
who farms a part of his father's place in Valley township, married Jennie 
M. White, and they have two children, Jesse E. and Clyde M. ; Oscar, who 
owns a farm of his owai in V^alley township, married Golda Adkins, and 
they had two children, Ruth E. and Esther, who is deceased, and Walter Mel- 
vin, who died when three years old. Mr. and Airs. Seedles are earnest 
members of the United Brethren church at Pleasant Grove, of which Afr. 
Seedles has been a trustee for nearlv thirtv vears, and are active in church 



174 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

work. ^Fr. Seedles is a member of Haven Lodge No. 287, Ancient Order 
lit United Workmen, and takes a warni interest in the affairs of that organi- 
zation. 



ARTHUR DADE. 



Arthur Dade, one of Hutchinson's most energetic and substantial busi- 
ness men, a capitahst whose interests and investments hereabout make him 
an important factor in commercial and realty circles in this county, is a 
native of ^Maryland, having been born in Montgomery county, that state, on 
Alay 4, 1872. son of the late Alexander and Susan Ann (White) Dade, 
prominent pioneer residents of Reno county, who settled here in 1878, and 
has been a resident of Reno count}- since he was five years of age. In the 
biographical sketch relating to Arthur Dade's brother, Ernest Dade, pre- 
sented elsewhere in this \olume, there is set out in detail a history of the 
Dade family, to which the reader is respectfully referred in this connection. 

As stated above, Arthur Dade was five years old when he came to Reno 
county with his parents, who settled in Reno township, and he grew to man- 
hood on the paternal farm there. He received his elementary education in 
district school Xo. 65, supplementing the same by a course in the Hutchin- 
son high school, from which he was graduated with the class of 1892. For 
three years after leaving school he continued to assist his father in the opera- 
tion of the home farm and then rented a farm in Reno township, on which 
he commenced operations on his own account. Soon thereafter, however, 
he Ijought a farm in the Poplar district in Reno township, Ijut presently sold 
that place and bought another farm near the railway station at Whiteside, in 
the .same township, which he worked for a year. In 1913 Mr. Dade bought 
two hundred and forty acres of the old William l-"air section in Reno town- 
shi]), which he still owns. ha\ing sold the farm near Whiteside. In 1909 
Mr. Dade moved to Hutchinson, for greater convenience in managing his 
growing interests and the next year erected a very pretty residence at 2y 
Eleventh avenue, east, in which he and liis family ha\e <ince resided. He 
inherited some property from his father's estate and has been fortunate in 
his own investments, his entire time now being devoted to the management 
of his extensive interests, looking after his farms, his various bits of city 
property and other investments. In 1913 Mr. Dade erected a Inisiness l)lock 
at 411-413 North Main street, in the city of Hutchinson and also owns a 
business block at 11 South I\Iain street and one across the street from the 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. J 75 

same at 12 South Main street, which Imildings are profitably occupied by 
retail stores and offices. Mr. Dade also is a director in the Kelley Milling 
Company at Hutchinson. 

On January zy, 1904, Arthur Dade was united in marriage to Jessie E. 
Myers, wdio was born in Urbana, Illinois, daughter of John A. and Mary 
L. Myers, the former of whom is now li\ing in Hutchinson, and a biography 
of whom is set out in another place in this volume. Mr. Myers is a former 
commissioner of Reno county and one of Hutchinson's most substantial 
citizens. To Afr. and Mrs. Dade two children have been born, John Travis, 
born on June 16, 1908, and Ernest Vincent, November 27, 1912. Mr. 
Dade is a Democrat, as was his father Ijefore him. and ever since arriving: 
at vears of maturity has given a good citizen's attention to local political 
affairs, though never having been included in the office-seeking class. 



OSCAR W. OLMSTEAD. 

Oscar W. Olmstead, one of the best-known farmers of Grant township, 
this county, and a pioneer of that section, who is still living on the quarter 
section he pre-empted in 1872, is a native of Michigan, having been born on 
a farm in Oakland county, that state, March 26, 1S49, son of D. D. and 
Janet (Reid) Olmstead, both natives of the state of New- York, the former 
of whom was born on March 16, 1823. and the latter, March 7, 1826, who 
became pioneers of Reno county and here spent their last days. 

D. D. Olmstead was the son of David D. and Anna Olmstead, both 
natives of New York state, both of whom spent all their lives in that state. 
He grew to manhood there, spent two years in Canada, and married Janet 
Reid, daughter of William Reid, a native of Scotland, who had come to 
America wdien a mere lad. After their marriage D. D. Olmstead and wife 
lived in Michigan, where in Oakland county they established their home 
on a farm, where they lived until 1872, in which year they came to Kansas 
and settled in Reno county, thus becoming among the very earliest settlers 
of this county. D. D. Olmstead pre-empted one quarter of section 24, in 
Grant township, and there established his new home, both he and his wife 
spending the remainder of their lives there, his death occurring in August, 
1884. She died in August, 1878. He was a thirty-second degree Mason 
and he and his wdfe were members of the Methodist church, in which faith 
their children were reared. There were eight of these children, of whom 



1/6 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

four are still living, Oscar, the second in order of birth, Josephine, Herman 
and Ida. Those deceased were William, a \eteran of the Civil War, Susan, 
Charles, Samuel and Ellen. 

Oscar \\'. Olmstead was reared in Oakland county. ^Michigan, receiving 
his education in the school in the neighborhood of his home, and was about 
twenty-two years old when he came to Kansas with his parents. Upon 
arriving in Reno county in 1S72, thus having been among the pioneers of 
this county, he pre-empted a quarter of a section of land in section 24, in 
Grant township, his present home, and proceeded to '"break" and develop the 
same. On April 25, 1884. he married Essie Y. Jeffers, who also was born 
in Michigan, her birthplace being in Oakland county, and who came to Kan- 
sas with her parents, Aaron and Sarah Jeffers, in the fall of 1883, the 
family settling in this county, and he here established a home, but later 
moved to Indiana in 1890, where JNIr. Jeffers is still living and where Airs. 
Jeffers ched. 

To Oscar \\'. and Essie J. (Jeffers) Olmstead six children have been 
born, James, Bertha, Leo, Victor, Leona and Hazel. Miss Bertha Olm- 
stead is a teacher in the public schools of Rice county, this state. The Olm- 
steads are members of the Christian church. ]\Ir. Olmstead is a substan- 
tial farmer and his well-kept place shows evidences of his careful manage- 
ment. 



STEPHEN S. LEIGHTY. 

Stephen S. Leighty, a well-to-do and well-known retired farmer of Lin- 
coln township, this county, now living in a pleasant home at 100 Eleventh 
avenue, east, in the city of Hutchinson, to which place he moved in the fall 
of 191 1, he then having retired from the active labors of the farm, is a 
native of the great Keystone state, having been bom on a farm in Fayette 
county. Pennsylvania, February 20, 1853, son of Stephen S. and Eliza (Hut- 
son ) Leighty, the former of whom was born on that same farm and the 
latter of whom was a native of the state of ^Maryland. 

The senior Stephen S. Leighty grew to manhood on the farm on which 
he was born and upon the death of his parents bought the interests of the 
other heirs in the place and there spent all his days. He married Eliza Hut- 
son, who died in 1863, leaving nine children, as follow: \Mlliam, a veteran 
of the Civil War. who now lives in Staft'ord count), this state; Henry, a 
farmer, hving in McDonough county, Illinois ; Catherine, who married MW- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1/7 

ton Blair and Ihcs on a farm near the town of Prairie, in Oklahoma; Zach- 
ariah Taylor, a farmer of Fayette county, Pennsylvania; Rebecca, who mar- 
ried Joseph Piersol and also lives in h^ayette county, Pennsylvania; Anna S., 
who lives in Stafford county, this state, widow of Robert Rankin; Stephen 
S., the immediate subject of this biographical sketch; Eliza J., who married 
Dempsey Woodward and lives in Ohio, and Agnes, who married George 
Cox and lives in Woodson county, this state. Upon the death of the mother 
of the above children, the elder Stephen S. Leighty married, secondly, Mary 
Hare, also now deceased, and to this second union three children were born, 
Emma, who married Chester Gwinn and lives at Uniontown, Pennsylvania; 
Grant, who lives on the old home place in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, and 
John, who lives in Washington, same state. 

Stephen S. Leighty, Jr., was reared on the home farm in Fayette county, 
Pennsylvania, receiving his education in the district school in the neighbor- 
hood of his home. He was ten years old when his mother died. He con- 
tinued living at the old home until his marriage at the age of nineteen, after 
which his father bought a farm adjoining the home place and put him in 
charge of the same and he there made his home until 1882, in which year he 
came to Kansas, locating in this county, where he bought a cjuarter of a sec- 
tion of school land in Eincoln township, the same being' in section 36 of that 
township, and there established his new home. ]\Ir. Leighty was successful 
in his farming operations from the very beginning of his residence in this 
county and when he retired from the farm in September, 191 1, and moved 
to Hutchinson, he was accounted to be very well-to-do. For his original 
quarter section in Lincoln township Mr. Leighty paid fourteen hundred dol- 
lars into the school fund. For that identical quarter section he since has 
refused an ofl'er of sixteen thousand dollars. As he became established on 
his place, Mr. Leighty gradually increased his land holdings until he became 
the owner of four hundred and sixty acres of fine land in Lincoln and Yoder 
townships, which he still owns. In 1897 he erected a line, modern farm- 
house on his place, which is considered to be one of the best-improved farms 
in that section of the county. 

In addition to looking after his extensive agricultural interests i\Ir. 
Leighty found time to give his attention to various other enterprises in the 
neighborhood and for years was considered one of the most active and enter- 
prising citizens of Lincoln township. He helped organize the Darlow Live 
Stock and Grain Exchange and was the first president of that useful organ- 
ization. He also helped to organize the Darlow Telephone Company and 
(12a) 



IJO RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

for years was a director of the same, doing much to promote the extension 
of the telephone service in that part of the county. In ci\ic affairs also he 
took an active interest and for eight years served as township treasurer, while 
for twenty years he served as a valued memher of the school hoard. Mr. 
Leighty was a Repuhlican when he came to Kansas, hut he went over to the 
cause of the Populists and when that cause declined and ceased to he, he 
became a Democrat and is still affiliated with that party. He and his wife 
are members of the Congregational church at Hutchinson and he is a mem- 
ber of the hoard of trustees of that organization. 

On XoA'emher 13. 1872, Stephen S. Leighty was united in marriage to 
Nancy J. Harper, who was born in Fayette county, Pennsyh-ania, daughter 
of Samuel and Sarah Anna (Wadsworth) Harper, and to this union six chil- 
dren have been born, namely : Harper, a farmer of Yoder township, this 
count v ; William G., who is farming part of his father's place in Yoder 
tow-nship; Stephen S.. HI, who owns a farm in Ford county, this state, 
where he makes his liome ; Clyde A\\, who also owns a farm in Ford county, 
where he makes his home; Sabina E., who is attending college at Winfield, 
and Alice, who married George Getter and died at the age of twenty-three. 
^Ir. and Mrs. Leighty have adopted Alice Margaret Leighty, the daughter of 
Harper, the eldest son. 



ALBERT E. HARDEN. 



Albert E. Harden, a well-known and progressive farmer of Grant 
township, this county, is a native of Towa, having been -born on a farm in 
Van Buren county, that state, .\\)v\\ i, 1865, son of Levi and Elvira (Brad- 
ford) Harden, the former a nati\e of Ohio and the latter of Rhode Island, 
w'ho w-ere married in Iowa and Mr. Harden later came to Kansas, being 
numbered among the pioneers of Reno county. 

Levi Harden was born in I locking county. Ohio, January 19, 1834, son 
of Even and Maria fWolf ) Harden, \)<<{h natives of that state, the former 
of whom was born on A])ril 13, 1803, and the latter. October 2. 1814, who 
later moved to low'a, where his last days were spent. Even Harden dying at 
the age of fifty-six years. He and ln\ wife were the j.arcnts of eight chil- 
dren, of whom Levi was the eldest, the others being as follow : Jacob, 
born on .\pril 26, 1836, now deceased; John, June 13, 1838, deceased; W'ill- 
iam, June 23, 1840; Eliza, May 6, 1843; Isabelle, April 14, 1846; George, 
February 12. 1849; Martha. October 20, 1852, and Philip, March 3, 1856, 



KliNO COUNTY, KANSAS. l/i) 

deceased. Levi Harden was well j^rown when lii^ i)arents ni(ned to Imva. 
( )n December ii, i8f):;. in that stale, he was nnited in niarriaoe to MKira 
Bradford, who was horn near I'rovidence, Rhode l>!and, Jnly 3, 1840, 
daughter of Albert Bradford and wife, the latter of whom was a Phillips, 
and who were the parents of three sons and four daughters: Alr.s. Marie 
Corbett, of Texas; Miss Evelyn; Mrs. Laura Sandheim, oi Seattle; Mrs. 
Elvira LLirden ; Alonzo, a veteran of the Civil War, now living at Hayward, 
California; Leander, also a veteran of the Civil War, lives in Ijonaparte. 
Iowa, and W^alter, also of Bonaparte, lo\^•a. Albert Bradford was a direct 
descendant of Governor Bradford of Colonial fame. He moved from 
Rhode Island with his family to Iowa and there spent the remainder of his 
life, a resident of \'an' Buren county. To I-evi and J^^lvira (Bradford) 
Harden but one child was born, the subject of this sketch, whose mother 
died on July 31, 1867. Levi Harden married, secondly, Mrs. Fannie 
(Berry) Doughty, widow of J. Doughty, who was the mother, 1)y her first 
marriage, of tw'O children, Homer G. and Mary Virginia. To this second 
union three children were born, Sophia, born on October 16, 1872, who died 
at the age of sixteen; Lamiel J., May 24, 1874, and Dora, December. 26, 
1876, wdio now li\es in Oklahoma. On March 17, 1877, Levi Harden 
came to Kansas and settled in Reno county, where he bought a quarter of a 
section of land on which he lived until his retirement from the farm. He 
is now making his home with a daughter in Oklahoma. He is a member of 
the Evangelical church and is a Mason. 

Albert E. Harden was about twelve }-ears old when he came to this 
county W'ith his father and he grew^ to manhood on the home farm. On 
February 26, 1890, he married Mattie Moorman, wdio was born at Sandy- 
ville, Iowa, January 5, 1869, and located on the farm on which th.ey are now' 
living in Gran.t township, this county. In 1911 Mr. Harden erected his 
present modern farm house and he and his family are very pleasantlv situ- 
ated. The house is erjuipped with electric lights and man^• of the con- 
veniences of modern life. Mr. Harden is a progressi\e farmer and is doing- 
well on his well-kent i:ilace of two hundred acres. He takes a good citizen's 
part in public affairs and has been a member of the local school board since 
190 1. To Mr. and Mrs. Harden three children ha\'e been born. Evert Earl, 
born on ]\Iay i, 1893; Leon Clyde, IMarch 13, 1895, and Alva Anthony. 
December 30, 1897, all at home. 

Mrs. Harden's father, AA'illiam Henry Moorman, a well-known retired 
farmer of this county and a veteran of the Civil War. was born in High- 
land county, Ohio, August 12, 1840, son of John Thomas and Mary (Van 



l8o RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Pelt) Mtxirman, the former nf wlujni was horn in Campbell county, \ ir- 
ginia. Fel)ruary 20, 1810. and the latter in Belmont' county, Ohio, July 28, 
1856. John T. Moorman was the son of Reuben and Lydia (Johnson) 
jMoorman, both nati\es of A'irginia, the former born on March 2^, 1777, and 
the latter, January 25, 1779. Reuben Moorman was a soldier of the Amer- 
ican Revolution and after his death in 1817 his widow moved to Ohio to 
accept a grant of land tendered 1)}- the government in behalf of his services. 
Reuben ^[oorman's parents, Micajah and Effie Moorman came to America 
from Wales and settled in the colony of Virginia. They were Quakers 
and founded a now widely connected family in this country. John T. Moor- 
man went over into Ohio with his widow^ed mother and there he married 
Mary \'an Pelt, member of a pioneer famil}- of Belmont county. After 
their marriage he and his wife settled in Highland county that same state, 
where they lived until 1849, in which };ear they emigrated to low'a and 
settled on a (juarter of a section of land in AVarren county. There John T. 
Moorman died on December 23, 1882. His wife died many years before. 
He and his wife w'ere the parents of five children: Childress E., Alalinda, 
William H., ChikP and Sarah, of whom William H. is the only survivor. 
A\'illiam II. Moorman was reared on the pioneer farm of his parents in 
Warren count}-. Iowa, and there grew to manhood. He received an excel- 
lent education and all liis life has been a great reader. When the Civil War 
broke out he enlisted for ser\'ice in the Thirtv-fourth Regiment, low^a 
Volunteer Infantry, and ser\-ed al;out f<mr }'ears, or until the regiment w^as 
mustered out at the close of the war, during which time he never lost a day 
of service. He was present at the siege of \'icksburg and ])articipated in 
numerous of the most important engagements of the war, including Sher- 
man's campaign to the sea. On December 8, 1865. he married Sarah C. 
Anthony. wIkj was born in llamiltim cnunt}', Indiana, September T2. 1843, 
daughter of William and .Matilda (Curry) Anthony, the former of whom 
was born in Butler county. Ohio, in 1812, and the latter in h'ranklin county, 
Indiana, in 1818. .After his marriage Willirun II. .\b)orman engaged in 
farming in Iowa until 1878. when he mo\ed to Kansas, settled in .Stafford 
county and in 1N81 came to Reno count \- with his family and has li\-ed 
here ever since, an em])loyee ot the car-repair serxice of the Santa be rail- 
road until his retirement in 1003. To hini and his wife six children were 
l)orn, as follow: Walter, of Reno countx, born on October 2/, 1866; 
Mattie. wife of Mr. Harden: Malinda. who died in infancy: Lizzie, at home, 
born on July 9, 1873: l-'annie Edna, November 23, 1878, who died on ]\[arch 
21, 1903. and Elmer O.. of Oklahoma, born on June 9, 1884. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. l8l 

JOHN SCllAkDIJX. 

John Schardcin stui ot" IJcrnard and Christine ( Randolijh ) Schardein, 
was l)orn sexen miles from Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 24, 1837. Bernard 
Schardcin was a weaxer h\- trade, and was horn in iMsace, France, in June, 
1808. There he was reared and married. His wife was horn on Decemher 
24, 1810. He came to America in 1833 and located near Cincinnati, where 
John was born. He went by steamboat to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1835, 
and became a grocer. He later moved to Clark county, Indiana, and pur- 
chased one hundred and forty acres of land. He was the father of five sons 
three of whom were soldiers in the Union army. Philip died of disease at 
Sax'annah, Tennessee, and was buried at Shiloh. Adam was wounded while 
Hghting- in the Shenandoah valley, and died at W'illiamsport. Maryland. 
John, who enlisted August 31, 186 1, served three years, was shot twice by 
spent bullets receiving a ball in the foot, which still causes lameness. He 
also receixed a wound in the 1>reast. He participated in the battles of Vt. 
Henry, Ft. Donelson, Champion's Hill, \'icksburg* Shenandoah Valley, Ft. 
Mornoe, and took part in th.e Grand Reviexv at Washington, D. C, at the 
close of the xvar. He suffered from ophthalmia in a New Orleans hospital 
during his service. Bernard Schardein and his xvife xvere both members 
of the Christian church and both died in Clark county. Indiana. 

John Schardein was educated in the schools of Ohio and Indiana. 
He married his first xxife, Nancy McKinley (distant relative of President 
McKinley), on April 20, 1857, in Clark county, Indiana. To this union 
was born one child, Luella Miller, now of New Albany, Indiana. Airs. 
Nancy Schardein died in 1862, and in 1865 Mr. Schardein married Eliza 
Jane Grady, xvho died on Noveml)er 18, 1915. Their children are as fol- 
loxv : John. Addie. Charles, Clara (deceased). Edxvard. Ethel (died in 
infancy). Hettie and Frederick. 

After he returned from the xvar, Mr. Schardein xvent to Macoupin 
countv. Illinois, xvhere he lived for thirteen years, renting land xvhich he 
farmed. In August. 1878, he chartered a car from Macoupin county, Illi- 
nois, to Sterling. Kansas, and drove from there to Reno county, to join a 
friend. Fie homesteaded a timber claim of one hundred and sixty acres in 
section 20, Salt Creek toxvnship. xvhere he lived until igo8, xvhen he retired 
from active farm labor and moved to Nickerson. He always took an active 
interest in the development and improvement of his community, and organ- 
ized school district No. tot, and gax e the site for the school building as 



l82 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

long as used for that purpose. He was a stockholder in the elevator com- 
pany, in the telephone company and in tlie State Bank at Xickerson. After 
his wife's death, he and his daughter, Addie, kept house. Air. Schardein 
died on March 31. 1916. He was a member of the Christian church, and 
belonged to the Grand Army of the Republic, in which he took an active 
interest. 



PETER C. TONES. 



Peter C. Jones, a well-known merchant tailor of Hutchinson, this county, 
is a native of the gallant little land of Wales, having been born there, in 
the town of Adwy Clawy, on Alay 21, 1854, son of Peter and Anne (Alat- 
thews) Jones, the former of whom was born at Alold, Wales, and the latter 
near that town. In 1870, the subject of this biographical sketch then being 
sixteen years of age, the Jones family came to America, locating in Williams- 
town. Pennsylvania, where the elder Jones resumed his vocation of tailor, 
to which he had been reared in his native home. Some years later Peter 
Jones and his wife retired from \\'illiamsport and joined their son, Peter 
C. who meanwhile had located at Kankakee, Illinois, later coming thence 
with him to Kansas, when he made his home in Emporia, where their last 
<lays were spent. They were n.iembers of the Church of England, and were 
the parents of five children, namely: John AL, a tailor in Fredonia, Kansas; 
Thomas X.. now deceased, who for years was a well-known tailor in 
Emporia, this state; Peter C, the immediate subject of this sketch; Alary, 
who died in girlhood, and Airs. Alaggie Gelispe, a widow, who, in con- 
nection with her son, is operating a tailor shop at Collegeview, Nebraska. 

Peter C. Jones practically grew up in his father's tailor shop and from 
childhoi.'d had lieen trained to the skillful use of a needle and to all the arts 
of the tailor's trade. Upon arriving in this country at the age of sixteen 
he became a journeyman tailor and for some lime traveled quite extensively 
over the eastern section of the country, finally lociling at Kankakee, Illinois, 
where he carried on his trade imtil 1879, in which year he came to Kansas, 
locating at Enq^oria, where he worked as a tailor until 188 1.. He then 
located in Ilulchirson, where he entered the employ of his elder brother, 
J. AI. Jones, who had opened a tailor shop there some time before, and 
there he remained until 1892, in which year he returned to Emporia and 
opened a shop of his own, which he conducted for six years and then, in 
i8r8. rcturrprl tn Hutchinson, where he oncned a shoo and where he has 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 83 

remained ever since, most of which time his popular establishment has l^een 
located at lo Sherman street, east, where he enjoys a fine patronage. 

In 1877. ^^ Kankakee, Illinois, Peter C. Jones was united in marriage 
to Dora Knocke, a native of Ciermany, who, in 1868, when she was eleven 
years of age, came to this country with her ])arents who located at Kanka- 
kee, and to this union four children have been born, namely : Allen, who 
has charge of the instruction in the tailoring department of the Kansas state 
reformatory at Hutchinson; Edwin, cashier of the Guymon-Petro Mercan- 
tile Company, of Hutchinson; Walter, a prominent young lawyer and now 
city attorney of Hutchinson, a sketch of wdiom is presented elsewhere in this 
volume, and Charles, who is buying and selling manager of a mill at Haven, 
this county. The Jones family has a very pleasant home at 626 Sherman 
street, east. Mr. Jones is a member of the Masonic order, of the Court of 
Honor and of the Knights of Pythias, in all of which orders he takes a 
warm interest. 



NELSON T. BARRETT. 



Nelson T. Barrett, the well-known lettuce grower of Hutchinson, this 
county, the products of whose extensive green-houses are shipped in car- 
load lots to all the chief cities of the Central West and who is one of the 
best-known dealers in his particular line in this part of the country, is a 
nati\e of the great Empire state, having been born at Middletown, in Orange 
county. New- York, April 11. i860, son of George and Elizabeth (Purdy) 
Barrett, both of whom were born hi that same county, the former of Eng- 
lish descent and the latter of Dutch descent, who later became Kansas 
pioneers and well-known residents of Reno county. 

George Barrett owned a grocery and dry-goods store at ^liddletown, 
but sold the same in i86-3 and moved to Newberg, New York, where he was 
engaged in the same line of luisiness until 1874, in which year he came to 
Kansas and located in Reno county. Upon arriving here he homesteaded 
a tract in Lincoln township, took a timber claim and bought some railroad 
land, his holdings altogether aggregating three hundred and tw^enty acres. 
He established a home on his place and remained there a couple of summers, 
"proving up," and then resumed his calling in the mercantile line, becom- 
ing nianager for the Rodney Ferguson store at Hutchinson. In 1877 he 
went to Kansas City, where he established a grocery store at 803 ]\rain 
street and was there engaged in business until 18S2, in which year he went 



184 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

t(j Albuquerque, New Alexico, where for two years he engaged in the whole- 
sale produce business. Meanwhile he had become seriously crippled by a 
severe attack of rheumatism and in 1884 retired from lousiness and returned 
to Reno county. He had retained forty acres of his homestead tract and 
on that small farm spent the remainder of his days, his death occurring in 
1910, he then being seventy-five years of age. His widow is still living. 
past eighty years of age. and has a pleasant home at 225 Avenue A. east, in 
Hutchinson. To George Barrett and w-ife six children were born, of whom 
the subject of this sketch is the eldest, the others being as follow- : Ida M., 
who married Charles Pellette. now deputy county treasurer of Reno county, 
living at Hutchinson ; Carrie, who married Homer Meyers, cashier of the 
bank at Sylvia, this county ; Grace, who married Henry Zimm, well-known 
jeweler at Hutchinson ; [Minnie, who married ]M. J. Hosmer. a well-knowai 
traveling salesman, of Hutchinson, and Florence, who married Ernest East- 
man, connected with the Carey industries in Hutchinson. 

Nelson T. Barrett was fourteen years old when he came to Kansas 
with his parents in 1874 and the work of his young manhood was definitely 
identified with the pioneer farm in Lincoln township, ^^^hen his parents 
moved to town he remained on the farm. Being the eldest child and only 
son, he early took charge of affairs on the farm and by the time he was 
twenty years old he had brought two hundred and forty acres of the place 
under cultivation. Then, in 1880. he left the farm and went to Kansas 
City. For one summer he was employed there in a wholesale fancy-grocery 
store and then, in 1881, he pushed out to the farther frontier and for a year 
was engaged in trapping and hunting in the \\"est. He then took employ- 
ment with the United States government and for a year drove a stage coach 
in the Black Hills, later s])ending three years in the quartermaster's depart- 
ment. Mr. Barrett still recalls, with a very pardonable measure of pride. 
that during those wild, rough days on the frontier he was the onh' man 
of his acquaintance who was a "teetotaler." Tn the latter part of 1884 
Mr. Barrett returned to his father's farm in this count v. later renting the old 
Doctor Myers farm in Lincoln township, which he operated until 1890. in 
which year he went to Oklahoma and bought a (piarter of a section of land 
near Guthrie, where he remained until 1899. He then sold out and returned 
to Hutchinson, where, in 1900. he bought a block of ground west of the 600 
block, betw-een Ninth and Tenth streets, ancl established his present exten- 
sive green-houses, engaging in the culture of lettuce, and has made a great 
success of his business. He has sixty thousand feet of glass, covering fifteen 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 185 

green-houses, the whole expanse being devoted to lettuce culture and he does 
an enormous winter business, ship])ing bis product to Kansas City, Leaven- 
worth. Oklalmnia City and other points throughout the Central West. Mr. 
Barrett is a meniber of the Tlutchinson Commercial Club and takes an earnest 
])art in the general affairs of the city. 

In 1888 Nelson T. Barrett was united in marriage to Ada May Burton, 
and to this union six children have been born, as follow : Stanley, who is 
the proprietor of green-houses on First street in Hutchinson; Mark; who is 
associated with his father in business, and Gale, Lawrence. \\'illis and 
Dorothy. 



EDWARD S. HANDY. 



The late Edward S. Handy was for years recognized as one of the 
leading dealers in real estate in Hutchinosn. During his long connection 
with the realty business there he laid out numerous additions to the city 
and in man}- ways was active in the promotion of the city's grow^th. He 
was one of the real pioneers of Reno county, and for several years served 
as clerk of the district court, during which time he became thoroughly 
familiar \\ith realt^• conditions in pioneer days and no man in the county 
possessed a more accurate knowledge of realty values in this section of the 
state than he. Mr. Handy was an honored veteran of the Civil WcW and 
took an active part in the affairs of the local post of the Grand Army of the 
Republic. His widow, wdio is still living at Hutchinson, was also one of 
the real pioneers of this county and was a witness of the whole of the won- 
derful development which has marked this region since the early seventies. 
Edward S. Handy was born in Clark county. Illinois, Februar}- 2S. 
i8|6, son of Thomas and Jane E. (Scranton) Handy, the former of whom 
\\as the first male child born in that county, son of John Hand}' and wife, 
who were among the earliest settlers of that part of Illinois. John Handy 
was a native of the state of New York. Thomas Handy became one of 
the most substantial farmers of his neighborhood and was also the owner 
of a saw-mill. He married Jane E. Scranton, member of one of the pioneer 
families of that section of the state and to that union six children were 
born. When the Civil War broke out he enlisted for service in behalf of 
the Union arms in Company E, Se\-enty-ninth Regiment, Illinois \^olunteer 
Infantry, and was mustered out with the rank of captain at the close of the 
war. At the battle of Chattanooga he was captured by the enemy and after 



1 86 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

being kept in various Southern prison pens was sent to Libby prison at 
Richmond. He was one of the famous one hundred and eight who tunneled 
out of that prison, but was reca])ture(l in sight of the Union Hues and was 
kept prisoner until presently exchanged. Two of Captain Handy's sons, the 
eldest, Charles, and ilic suliject of this sketch, served in his company -and 
Charles Handy gave up liis life to the cause of the Union during the fierce 
engagement at Kenesaw ^Mountain, Georgia. Another son, George Grant 
Hand}-, was for years engaged in the hardware business at Hutchinson, this 
count\". Upon returning home at the close of the war Captain Handy 
resumed his place on the farm and was accidentally killed in his saw-mill in 
1867. 

Edward S. Handy was reared on the home farm and received his ele- 
mentary education in the district school in the neighborhood of his home. 
On August I, 1862, he then being sixteen years old. Edw-ard S. Handy 
enlisted as a recruit in Company F, Seventy-ninth Illinois, his father's com- 
])any. and served until the close of the war. At the battle of Stone's river 
he was severely wounded and for some time was confined to the hospital 
at Murfreesboro, after which he was sent home on a furlough. Upon his 
return to his company, he then being able to walk only by the aid of crutches, 
he was detailed as commissary of a hospital. Upon the return of his regi- 
ment from the Atlanta campaign he was again desirous of re-entering the 
active service, but his health would not permit and he was made clerk to 
the adjutant-general ^f tlie Tln'rd Brigade, Second Division. Fourth Army 
Corps. Subsecjuently he i):irticipated in the 1)attles of Franklin, Nashville 
and Sjiring Hill and was mustered out with his regiment at Si)ringfield. Illi- 
nois, June 12, 1865. U]:)on the completion of his military service Mr. 
Handy entered an academy in the neighl)orhood of his home and after a 
course there engaged in mercantile l)usiness in the town of York, in his 
natix'e county, and was thus engaged until he came to Kansas in the fall of 
1872 and settled in Reno county. He homesteaded a tract of land in Lincoln 
township and sent l)ack word for his brothers and sisters to join liim here. 
They came in 1873 and all homesteaded farms in the same township, thus 
bicoming numbered among the earliest .^^ettlers of Linrc^ln township. Dur- 
ing the grasshopper visitation in 1874 they were hard hit, but overcame all 
liardships and iircsently began to [prosper. 

From tlie very beginning of his residence in Reno county Edward S. 
Handy was a forceful and valuable member of the pioneer community. In 
1876 he was elected clerk of the district court and was re-elected, S2rving 
in that position for eight ycar.-\ Ui^on liis election he made his headquarters 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 87 

at ! Iiilcliinsiiii. He was married in i<^79 and estal)lishcd his home in 
Hutchinson, wliich place e\er afterward was his jilace of residence. He 
was an ardent I\e])n1)lican and took a prominent ])art in tlie ])o]itical life of 
this section of the state. fref|nentl\- serN'ing- as a delegate to district and state 
coiu'cntions. hut with the exception of his ser\ice as clerk of the court never 
held public ottlce. Upon the expiration of his term of office in the clerk's 
office Mr. Handy engaged in the general real-estate business and Ijecame 
very successful, for many years lieing regarded as an authority on all (|ues- 
tions relating to realt}' in this district. He \vas notably acti\'e in promoting 
the growth and development of the city of Hutchinson and laid out eight or 
ten additions to that city, including Handy's Addition, Riverside Addition, 
Handy & Shadduck's Central Addition, Handy's Eastside Addition and 
others. J-ie also built several of the Hnest business blocks in the city and 
was singularly fortunate in his investments. He was one of the incor- 
porators and for a time was president of the Peoples State Bank of Hutchin- 
son, later merged into the Hutchinson National Bank, and was one of the 
directors of the latter institution. He also for several years w'as a director 
of the l-'irst National Bank of Hutchinson and for some time was heavily 
interested in lead and zinc mining propositions at Galena; also in mining 
propositions in Colorado. For some years he served as a member of the 
city council and one time was the choice of his party for mayor of the city, 
but he declined to accept the honor. Air. Handy w'as one of the organizers 
of Joe Hooker Post No. 17, drand .\rmy of the Repu1)lic, and for years 
took a very active part in the affairs of that patriotic organization, which 
for three terms he ser\ed as adjutant. 

On December 25, 1879, Edward S. Handy was united in marriage to 
Minnie A. Hale, wdio was born near the town of Waterloo, in Dekalb county, 
Indiana, daughter of Marshall and Hannah (Owen) Hale, who came to 
Kansas in 1872 and settled at Hutchinson, then a straggling group of thirty 
or fort}' houses, with not a tree to relie\e the somber monotony of the sand 
plain. Marshall Hale engaged in tlie fuel and general builder"s-su]i])ly busi- 
ness and early became one of the city's most substantial and ini^uential 
figures. He built a house for his fann'ly residence in 1872 at 40S First 
avenue, east, and there spent the rest of his life, his death occurring on Janu- 
ary Ti, 1006. His widcnv survived him a little more than eight years, her 
death occurring in April, 1914. They were the parents of tw-o daughters, 
Mrs. Handy having a sis'xr, Mrs. W. L. Woodnutt, living at Seattle. Wash- 
ington. 

Edward S. Handy died at his home in Hutchinson on May 19. I9I4- 



1 88 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Besides his widow there survive him tliree children, namely: Inez L., who 
married Arthur H. Schlaudt. \ice-president and general manager of the 
Knoor-Schlaudt \\'holesale Notion Company, of Hutchinson, a biographical 
sketch of whom is presented elsewhere in this volume; Jessie, who married 
Dr. Connor Gray, of Seattle. Washington, and Cara Jean, who married 
J. Lee Dick, superintendent of the Carey Salt Company, of Hutchinson. 



DR. JA^IES ^lYERS. 

Following the death of the venerable Dr. James ]\Iyers at his home in 
Hutchinson, this county, on September 9, 191 5, an old settler paid the 
following deserved tribute to the memory of that fine old Christian gentle- 
man : "All the old settlers that knew him know of his wonderful faith and 
confidence in the country; not only manifested by his talk, but by all the acts 
of his life. He -always thought that Reno county was as good as an3avhere 
else, and was never looking for '©•reen fields in the distance.' His success 
jjroved the accuracy of his judgment. The same characteristics were notice- 
able all through his life. He was a man of strong impulses, of well-fixed 
principles, 'nothing wavering.' True, first to his own family; true to his 
relatives and friends; true to his church, and true to his party; you always 
knew where to find him and how he stood when you did find him. Excei> 
ti'-nally kind hearted, it always did him good to help a deserving and needy 
one." 

The late Dr. James Myers was a native of Ohio, having been born at 
Trenton, in Harrison county, that state, February 25, 183 1. son of James R. 
and Maria ( Romney) Myers, fifth in i irder of birth of the fifteen children 
horn to that parentage, thirteen of whom lived to maturity, and fiVQ of whom 
still survive, as follow: J. .\. Myers, a retired capitalist of Flutchinson. a 
biograj^hical sketch of whom is presented elsewhere in this volume; Dr. 
J(,nathan Myers, of Troy; Albert Mxers. of r>ellvillc; Mrs. Robert Ander- 
son, of Muskogee, Oklahoma, and Mrs. Minnie Moore, of Tolono, Illinois. 
Jar.:es Myers received his elementary education in the schools of his home 
town in Ohio, supplementing the same by a two-years course in a small 
Presbyterian college at New Hagerstown, Ohio, and a two-years course at 
another sectarian college of the same denomination at Richfield, same state, 
thus received quite a liberal education fur tliat day. At the age of twenty- 
one he began to teach school and in 1855 emigrated to Iowa, where, in 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I 89 

Keokuk aiul JelTcrson counties, he was en^-aged for four it fixe years in 
teaching", l^^or six inontlis previous to going to Iowa, he had been reading 
medical books, with a \ lew to becoming a physician, and upon his arrival in 
Iowa resumed this form of stu(l\ , in adthtion to his work in the school room, 
and for three \ears sedulously applied himself to reading medicine in the 
office of his uncle, Dr. D. W Myers, in Jefferson count}'. In 1H59 he came 
to Kansas, locating in the then ])ionecr village of Highland, in Donij^han 
county, wliere he o])ened an ofhcc and Ijcgan the ])ractice of medicine, thus 
becoming one of the pioneer physicians of Kansas. 

When the Civil War broke out Dr. James Myers helped organize Com- 
pany A, First Regiment, Kansas Volunteer Infantry, that regiment being for 
the most part engaged in fighting the guerillas in Missouri, during which 
service Doctor Myers took an active part. A year or two after locating at 
Highland, Doctor Myers had bought a farm in that neighborhood and upon 
returning from the war resumed his practice there anrl at the same time 
gave personal attention to the management of his farm. He had married 
in 1 861, and in 1874 came to Reno county on a visit to his father-in-law 
and then saw the town of Hutchinson for the first time; at that time becom- 
ing so fa\'orablv impressed with the situation hereabout that in 1878 he and 
his wife moved to this county and bought three hundred acres of excellent 
land in Lincoln township, where they established a new home. Doctor 
Myers did not continue his profession in his new home, and thereafter 
devoted his undivided attention to the development of his extensive and 
growing landed interests and became a very successful farmer and cattle- 
man. In 188^ Doctor Mvers retired from the farm and moved into Hutch- 
inson, where he bought a house at 523 Avenue A, east, which he remodeled 
and there he and his wife li\ed in quiet comfort. The Doctor continued to 
look after his landed interests, however, after moving to town and grad- 
ually added to the same until at one time he w^as the owner of twelve quarter 
sections of choice land in this county. 

In j86t, in Doniphan countw this state. Dr. James Myers was united 
in marriage to Letitia O'Neal, who was born in Indiana and whose par- 
ents were among the very first settlers of the Highland neighborhood, hav- 
iuQ- emijrrated from Indiana to Kansas verv soon after the territor\' was 
opened for settlement. Mrs. Myers was a typical pioneer wife and mother, 
ever readv to cope with any emergency that might arise amid the primitive 
conditions in which her homekeeping was begun, and ever able to turn appar- 
ent hardships and backsets into eventual successes. She died at her home in 
Hutchinson on March 30. 1913. and was widely mourned, for her life had 



190 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

been rich in good works. Doctor and Mrs. Myers were active members 
of the ^Fethodist T^niscopal church and tor years gave their close personal 
attention to all movements designed to advance the common good hereabout. 
Doctor Alyers was an ardent Reimldican from the days of the organiza- 
tion of that party and for many years took an active part in the political 
affairs of Kansas, though never having been included in the office-seeking 
class. To the last he took a keen interest in local affairs, always an earnest 
advocate of ci\ic righteousness, and his counsels and judgments were highh' 
respected throughout the community. 

To Dr. James and Letitia (O'Xeal) Myers the following children were 
bom, namelv : IMmer, who died in 1880 in his young manhood; Mahlon. 
who died in his early }outh ; Homer, a well-known banker of Sylvia ; \Val- 
ter. who died in infancy; ^Minnie, who married Charles N. Payne, of Hutch- 
inson; Mrs. Olive Epperson, of Hutchinson, and .Mice, who married Edward 
Smith and lives in Svlvia. 



JUDGE CHARLES M. WILLLVMS. 

Judge Charles 3d. Williams, one of the oldest and best-known lawyers 
in Hutchinson, the county seat of Reno county, is a native of JMissouri, 
having been Ijorn in the town of Harrisonvillc. Cass count\", that state, in 
July, 1852, son of James 11. and Hettie (Son) Williams, the former of 
whom, born in Tennessee in 1818, died in 1884, at the age of sixty-six. and 
the latter, brtrn in Missouri in [825. died in 1864. at the age of thirty-nine. 

James II. Williams was reared in his nati\-e state of Tennessee and 
when a young man inii\ed to .Missouri, where he became a pioneer merchant 
in the town (jf Harrisonville. and where he sjjcnt the remainder of his life. 
He married Hettie Son, and to this miion seven children were born, two 
daughters and five son-, all oi" whom are deceased except Dr. William W. 
Williams, a dentist at Sioux City, Iowa, and Charles M., the immediate sub- 
ject of this .sketch. Upon the death i.l ilic ihmiIkt of these children, James 
H. Williams married, secondlw .\rmina .^on, a sister k\ his deceased wife, 
and to this latter union three .sons were born. Robert, who lives in San Fran- 
cisco, California; George, who li\es at Warrensburg, Missouri, and Jesse, 
who for years has been an em|)loyee of the Santa l^e Railroad Company. 

Upon completing the course in the "public schools in his nati\e town. 
Harrisonville. Missouri, Charles ]\I. Williams entererl the Kentuckv State 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. Kji 

Uni\trsity, continninj.'; tlu're until his junior year, after which he lauj^^ht 
school for a couple oi terms and fur a short time worked in his father's 
store at Harrisonville. lie then entered the law office of Terrell & Math- 
ews, at Harrisonville, and after a diligent course of reading passed the 
rccpiired examinations and was admitted to the har in 1875, after which he 
engaged in the practice of law at Harrisonville and Belton, Missouri, until 
1886. in which year he came to Reno county and located at Hutchinson, the 
county seat, where he entered into a partnership relation with an estab- 
lished firm, under the firm style of Mclvinstry, Wisler & Williams. A short 
time afterward Mr. Williams formed a new partnership, under the firm 
style of Davidson & Williams, which lasted until 1896, when he formed a 
partnership with F. F. Prigg, which continued until Judge Prigg ascended 
the l)ench of the district court in TQ13, since which time Mr. Williams has 
been alone in his practice. 

In 1902 Charles M. Williams was appointed by Governor Bailey to fill 
the unexpired term of Judge Simpson, of the district, court, who had been 
killed, and in the September following his appointment resigned the office, 
preferring his private practice to a place on the bench. In 1890 Judge 
Williams was elected to the office of county attorney of Reno county and 
served until 1892, when he resigned before his term was out. Judge Will- 
iams has enjoyed a very good law practice and there are but two attorneys 
at the l)ar of the Reno court who ha\e been practicing in Hutchinson longer 
than he has. 

On Septeniber 4, 1876. at Harrisonville, Missouri, Charles M. ^^'ill- 
iams was united in marriage to Nannie Stair, who was born in "Wisconsin, 
daughter of Edward and Margaret Stair, the former of wdiom, for many 
years a building contractor at Harrisonville, now^ is deceased and the latter 
is making her home in the household of Judge Williams. To Judge and 
Mrs. W^illiams one child has been born, a son, Roy E., born in August, 
1884, who attended Armour Institute at Chicago, being graduated from the 
department of mechanical and electrical engineering, and is now an engineer 
widi Crane & Company, oi Chicago, is married and has one cliild, a son. 
Charles F. Mr. and Mrs. Williams have a pleasant home at 547 Avenue A, 
east, in Hutchinson, Mr. AVilliams having erected his residence there in 1887. 
the year following his location in Hutchinson. 

Judge Williams was a Democrat until 1896. when on account of the 
nomination of William Jennings Bryan on a free silver ticket he left the 
Democratic party and voted with the Republicans, and has ever since worked 
and affiliated with the Republican party and for years has been an influential 



192 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

factor in the councils of this part}- in this county, he having been a frequent 
delegate to Republican conventions and in other ways manifesting his inter- 
est in the affairs of the ]iartv. He takes an active interest in the general 
development of the commercial and industrial progress of his city and cotmty 
and has been largely influential in securing a number of public and private 
institutions in this city. 



CAPT. JESSE BRAINARD. 

Among the many veterans of the Ci\il AA'ar Avho came to this county 
immediately after it was thrown open to settlement and filed soldier's claims 
to land here and who braved the first few hard years following their settle- 
ment, later to be rewarded b}' plenty, few are better known than Capt. Jesse 
Brainarc^. who is noAv living in substantial comfort in the city of Hutchinson, 
to which place he retired upon leaving his farm in 1910. 

Jesse Brainard was born in Summit county, Ohio, on June 15, 1838, 
youngest of the eight children of Timothy and ]\Iary, or "Polly" (Sweet) 
Brainard, the former of whom was born near the town of Haddam, Con- 
necticut, in 1785, and the latter, near the town of Warren, in New York 
state, in 1805. 

Timothy Brainard was one of the fourteen children of Jesse and Mary 
(Thomas) Brainard, who were married in 1776 and who lived at Haddam, 
Connecticut, until 1803, in which }Tar they moved to Leyden, in Lewis 
county, Xew York, where they spent the remainder of their lives. Timothy 
Brainard was reared as a farmer and when the War of i8i2 broke out 
enlisted for service and ser\'ed until the close of that brief but conclusive 
struggle, in payment for which service he received a warrant for eighty 
acres of land, which he sold. In 1817 he married "Polly'' Sweet and soon 
thereafter drove through witli ox-teams to Summit county, Ohio. On his 
way he passed through the hamlet which was destined to grow into the 
flourishing city of Cleveland, but which at that time contained but three 
houses, .\rriving in Summit county, he located in Stowe township, where 
he entered a tract of government land and proceeded to clear the same and 
establish a home in the then wilderness. He prospered and later added to 
that tract by purchase until he became the owner of three hundred and twenty 
acres, quite a good farm for that time and place. Tn 1842 he sold that farm 
and moved to the town of Cayuga Falls, not so very far from the place 
where he had lived so long, and engaged in the paper trade, his practice 





(iinrci^<'^x/ucu^o/_^ 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I93 

being to drive through the country with loads of manufactured paper and 
trade the same for paper rags. He hiter bought a farm near there, <jn 
which lie made his home until the de.ith of his wife in 1856, after which he 
made his home with a son in Illinois, where his death occurred in August, 
1869. 

Timothy Brainard was a Whig in his early political affiliations, later an 
Abolitionist antl then a Republican. During the trying days preceding the 
Civil War he was an active "conductor" on the famous "underground rail- 
road," his farm being one of the best-known "stations" thereabout, and many 
a harried black he aided in securing freedom by flight across the border. He 
and his wife were the parents of eight children, namely: Francis, a veteran 
of the Civil War, who died in 1880; INTrs. Mary Atwood, now deceased; 
Henry, now deceased, w^ho for years was a pilot on the Ohio river and w^hose 
whereabouts for years was unknown to his family; Lucy, who died of 
typhoid fever, at the age of eighteen, shortly before the date set for her 
marriage; Thomas, who died in 1874, in Illinois; Julia, who married B. D. 
Green and settled in Valley township, this county, in October, 1873, and 
died at Nickerson, this county, in April, 1914; Ann M.. who married Charles 
Green, both of whom now are deceased, and Jesse, the immediate subject of 
this sketch, the sole survivor of this large family. 

Jesse Brainard was four years of age when his parents moved to Cayuga 
Falls and he received his elementary education in the public schools of that 
town, supplementing the same by a course in a commercial college in Phila- 
delphia in 1856, during which time he made his home with his uncle, the 
Rev. Thomas Brainard, a minister of the Presbyterian church in that city. 
In 1857 he went to Illinois and was working on a farm in McLean county, 
that state, when the Civil War broke out. On August 26, 1861, he enlisted in 
Company B, Fourth Illinois Cavalry, with which he served until in February, 
1864, at which time he was promoted to the rank of captain of Company I, 
Third United States (Colored) Cavalry, wdth which he served until January 
26, 1866, on which date he was mustered out. Captain Brainard participated 
in the battles of Belmont, Ft. Henry, Ft. Donelson and Shiloh, after which 
latter engagement his company for months was stationed as a guard to the 
Memphis & Charleston railroad. He then took part in the siege of \^icks- 
burg and the next February was promoted to the rank of Captain. For six 
months his cavalry company was stationed at Goodrich's Landing, Louisiana, 
then at Vicksburg and then was trans f'erred to ^Memphis and was at the latter 
point when the war came to an end. Following that the company was kept 
(13a) 



194 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

busy for months keeping down "jayhawkers," Captain Brainard having been 
appointed assistant adjutant-general, under General Dudley, doing scouting 
and provost dutv. During the war Captain Brainard was wounded twice, 
once in the side and once in the arm, during a cavalry fight in Arkansas. 

.\t the close of his military service Captain Brainard returned to McLean 
county. Illinois, and on September 26, 1866. was married to i\Iary M. War- 
low, who was born on a farm in that county, nine miles west of the town 
of Bloomington. on Ai)ril 26. 1843, daughter of Jonathan and Catherine 
(Hay) Warlow. the former of \vhom, a native of Massachusetts, had emi- 
grated to Illionis with his parents in 1834 and who there married Catherine 
Haw who had located there with her parents, wdio had emigrated from Ken- 
tuck}-. Jonathan Warlow^ became a quite well-to-do farmer and he and his 
wife spent their last days on their home farm in Illinois. After his mar- 
riage, Captain Brainard bought two hundred and tw^elve acres in the north 
part of McLean count}-, which he sold in 1868 and bought a farm of one 
hundred and four acres eight miles west of Bloomington, where he lived 
until 1873. in which year he came to Kansas and filed a soldier's claim to a 
tract of land in Salt Creek township, this county, and returned home to sell 
his farm and close out his affairs preparaton^ to making his home in Kansas. 
He did not get back here within the prescribed six months and thus forfeited 
his claim, but in February. 1874. he returned to Reno county and bought a 
discouraged homesteader's pre-emption right and transferred his soldier's 
right to a quarter section in Valley township. His family joined him in 
^Tarch of that year and thev proceeded to establish a home on the plains, 
their first habitation being a mere shanty, eight by twelve feet. That was 
"grasshopper year," and they consequently, in common with all the pioneers 
hereabout, lost their first crop, but they stuck it out and after the first few 
hard years l)egan to prosper, presentl}- becoming recognized as among the 
most substantial families in the county. Captain Brainard after awhile 
enlarged his original holdings by the purchase of a quarter section cornering 
on his original tract, the southeast c|uartcr of section 30. township 2^^. range 
4 west, and now owns one-half section of well-improved and valuable land. 
He made big money farming as the years went l)y and in June. 1910, retired 
from the acti\e duties of the old home place and he and his wife, ever a 
competent and valuable helpmate to him in the days on the farm, moved 
into Hutchin.son, buying a home at 306 Sixth avenue, east, wdiere thev are 
now living in quiet comfort. They have but one child, a daughter, Jennie 
K., born on February 2^^, 1879. who married George P. Lowe, a prosperous 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 95 

farmer of Valley township, this county, and has six children, Hazel, Norman 
J.. Ray B., \Vesley L., Keith and Edwin. 

Cai)tain Brainard is an ardent Republican, hut never was a candidate 
for public office. He is a member of Joe Hooker Post, Grand Army of the 
l\epu1)lic, and is also affiliated with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
Mrs. Brainard is a member of the Presbyterian church. Formerly Captain 
Brainard was a member of the same church and gave the land at the south- 
east C(jrner of his farm on which the Presbyterian church in that section is 
situated, at the same time contriljuting- liberally to the fund for the erection 
of the church, but has since taken his letter out and withdrawn from the 
congregation. 



RANDALL P. HERSHBERGER. 

Randall P. Hershberger, a well-to-do retired farmer of this county, now 
living in the city of Hutchinson, is a native of Ohio, having been born in 
Wyandot county, that state, on December 23, 1863, son of J. H. and Sam- 
antha (Paul) Hershberger, the former a native of Wyandot county, Ohio, 
and the latter of Crawford county, same state. 

J. H. Hershberger, who is now living retired at Hutchinson, at the age 
of eighty-two. was reared as a farmer in Ohio, where he married and 
where he li\"ed until the sjjring of 1874. at which time he came with his 
family to this county and bought out the homestead rights to a half section 
of land in Reno township, the tract now occupied by the county farm. He 
proved up this claim, but after the grasshopper scourge of that fall became 
so discouraged over the outlook here that he left the county and returned to 
his farm in Ohio. In 1883 he and his family returned to Reno county and 
took up their residence on his half section in Reno township. In 1886 he 
sold that farm and bought another farm in Clay township,- on which he 
lived for a year, at the end of whicli time he sold it and moved to Hutchin- 
son and in.vested in real estate, which failed to develop as he had expected 
and he lost considerable money when the "boom" collapsed, in 1888. He 
then returned to the countr\- and rented a farm south of Hutchinson, living 
th.cre until 1900. when he returned to Hutchinson. His wife died in March, 
1903, at the age of sevent)-two. and i\Ir. Hershberger is now making his 
home with his daughter, Mrs. J -M- Dana, in Hutchinson. Mr. and Wrs. 
Hershberger were the parents of four children, the subject of this biographi- 
cal sketch having three sisters, Mary, who married J- ^L Dana and lives in 



196 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Hutchinson; l-'rankie, who married 'SI. C. Obee, a merchant of South Hutch- 
in-un, and Rose, who married llarr}' Dice and Hves in Hutchinson. 

Randall 1\ 1 lershherger received his education in the public schools of 
the neighliorhood of his l)oyhood in Ohio and in the old Sherman street 
school at Hutchinson, this count}-. He remained on the farm in this county, 
witli his fatlicr, until he was grown and then he learned the plumbing trade 
under Stewart *S: llellowell, in Hutchinson, and worked at that trade in that 
city until he was married, in iSoi, after which he rented a farm in Lincoln 
township, this count}-, on which he made his home until 1898, in which 
year he bought the southeast quarter of section 32, township 24, range 6 
west, which he still owns. He made his home on that farm for twelve years 
and prospered. His wife also owns a fine farm in that same neighborhood, 
the northeast quarter of section 29, township 24, range 6 west, and in 1910 
Mr. aufl Mrs. Hershberger retired from the farm and moved into Hutch- 
inson, where they bought the old McCandless home, at 218 Sherman street, 
east, where they have since made their home, Mr. Hershberger directing the 
operations of the two farnis from his home in the city. 

On February t8. 189 i, Randall P. Hershberger was united in marriage 
to Alice Obee, who was born in the town of Napoleon, Lucas county, Ohio, 
daughter of Henry and L.ouisa Obee, further mention of whom is made in 
the biographical sketch relating- to L. H. Obee, presented elsewhere in this 
volume, and to this union two children have been born, Paul, born on Sep- 
tember 22, 1892, who is a graduate of the Hutchinson high school, and 
Locke, Se]>tember 28, 1895, '^ niechanic for the Hudson Motor Car Com- 
])any, of Detroit. Mr. Hershljerger is a member of the Elks of Hutchinson 
and of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and takes a warm interest in 
the affairs of those popular organizations. 



ELI BOWMAN. 



The late Eli Bowman, who died at his h(jme in Hutchinson, this county, 
on June 21, 1896. was one of the Kansas pioneers who did well his part 
during the ftjrmative period of that section oi the state in which he settled, 
and his memory, particularly in Barton count}-, long will be cherished by the 
people thereabout. He was a man of strong character, and his helpful 
services in l)ehalf of many of his pioneer neighbors who were less well 
endowed than he have not been forgotten to this day. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. Ky/ 

I'lH Bowman was horn in Licking county. Ohio, on Decenil)er 13, 1841, 
son of !)a\i(l and Mary (Ah)nscr) Uownian. hoth natives of IV'nnsylvania, 
in which latter state they were niarriecl, after which they settled in Licking 
Kunty, ()hi(), where Daxid liowman operated a hroom factory. In F842 
the)' cniiL:raied tn lliin()i>, seltling in (^r.'iwford cor.nty, on the eastern edge 
of that state, it ha\ing hecn discoNcred that the soil of that section was 
peculiarly adap.tetl to the culture of hroom corn, and there l)a\id Tjowman 
IxHight a tract of go\-crnment land, for which he paid one dollar and twenty- 
h\e cents the acre and paid for the same out of tlie money he made from 
tlie manufacture of blooms. He prospered and gradually added to his hold- 
ings in that C( >unt\- until he l)ecame the owner of twelve hundred acres of 
laufl. He was among the earliest settlers of that part of the county in 
which he located and upon the organization of the township in which he 
lived was al)le to secure for it the name of Licking township, in honor of 
his old home county, in Ohio. He spent the rest of his life there, dying in 
i8c)4, at the age of eighty-one. He had been thrice married and was the 
father of a large family. His first wife, wdio w-as Mary Mouser, mother of 
the subject of this sketch, died in 1858 and he then married Angeline Bow- 
man, who. l';owe\er, was not of the same family of Bowmans as he. and 
upon her death married a Bishop. 

Eli Bowman was b;ut one year old when his parents settled in Illinois, 
and he consequently was reared in that state. He was the eldest son who 
Yiyed to maturity and was. therefore, the mainstay of his father in the labor 
of developing his growing farm interests. When he was tw'enty-tive years 
of age, in 1866, b^li Bowman married and his father then gave him a quarter 
of a section of huul and he started farming on his own account, remaining 
on that farm until the sj^ring of 1873, wdien he. like so many others about 
that period, caught the "Kansas fever," and came to this state, locating in 
Barton ccmnty, wdiere he homesteaded eighty acres of land in Paw^nee Rock 
township, took a timlier claim of one hundred and sixtv acres and pre- 
empted an additional eighty acres. The night he and his familv arrived on 
their homestead a buffalo ^vas seen on this ]jlace. The vear following their 
arrival there, 187^, the grassho];pers ate up everything they had raised, but 
the next year they had good crops and presentlv were in prosperous circum- 
stances. The to^vn of P^awmee Rock after awhile w^as located on the section 
adjoining their claim, wliich caused the value of the Bowman claim to 
advance so rapidly in price that much of it was sold to advantage. In 1883 
Mr. Bowman left the farm, built a home at Pawnee Rock, into which h.- 
and his familv moved, and he and his brother, \A'. Llenrv Bow^man, built a 



198 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

fine floiir-niill in the new settlement, and for years did a flourishing business 
under the name of Bowman Brothers. 'Sir. P'owman also operated a general 
store in I'awnee Rock for several years and increased his land holdings by 
the purchase of a good farm in P.arl)er count}'. In 1894 he traded his store 
for sixty-two lots in the eastern part of Hutchinson, this county, and in the 
fall of that year mo\ed tn that cit_\". He bought a house at 621 North Main 
street and there he spent his last days, his death occurring about two years 
later, on June ji, 1896. His widow is still making her home in the same 
house. 

Eli Bowman was a Rejiublican and during the years of his residence in 
Barton county took an active part in political affairs. He was the first jus- 
tice of the peace of his home township there and for years also served as a 
member of the town council of Pawnee Rock. His wife also served for one 
\ear as a member of the city council, she also having been elected as a Repub- 
lican. The Bowmans were a very influential and helpful influence among 
their pioneer neighl3ors in Barton county. They had brought to that county 
tbe first domesticated cow and the first churn ever brought to the county 
and presently, as other neighbors acquired cows, their churn was in great 
demand, being borrowed for miles around. Mr. Bowman was a man of very 
generous sympathies and it is said of him that he helped fully two-thirds of 
the settlers in that ])art of the county to get a start, either by lending them 
money or by extending liberal credit to them at his mill and store. He 
was a member of the Knights of Pythias and both he and his wife were 
actix'c in the work of tlie Pythian Sisters. They were members of the 
United Brethren churcli, ])ut since livino- in Hutchinson Mrs. Bowman has 
been a member of the birst ^Tethodist church. 

On October 28, 1866, Eli Bow'man was united in marriage to Hen- 
rietta Barrett, who was born in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, daughter 
of Thomas and Catherine (EHck) Barrett, the former of whom was born 
in England and the latter in Cumberland county, Pennsvlvania. Thomas 
Barrett was four years of age when he was brought to America by his ])ar- 
ents. His father, Thomas Barrett, Sr., was a nieml^er of the aristocracy in 
England, a graduate of Oxford College and I)y ])rofcssion a civil engineer, 
which profession he followed after comiu"- to this countrv. He was acci- 
dentally drowned in the Susfjuehanna river when his son, Thomas, was 
seventeen years old, the lad thns early being completelv orphaned, for his 
mother had died when he wa^ seven \ears of a^e. The vounjrer Thomas 
Barrett grew up in Penns}-l\ania and became a timber man, owner of a large 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. I99 

saw-mill, and be"came quite well-to-do. In i<^65 he and his family and his 
brother, josc])lr, and the latter's family, emigrated to Illinois and settled in 
Crawford county, where the}' became extensive landowners. There Thomas 
Barrett die<l on hY-bruary to, 1869. at the age of fifty-three. His widow 
later made her home on the farm of her daughter, Mrs. Bowman, at I'aw- 
nee Rock, where her death occurred on March 29, 1883, the day she was 
fifty-nine years of age. 

To FA'i and Henrietta (Barrett) Bowman four children were born, as 
follow; Dora, born on February 17, 1870, widow of A. Bert Cook, and 
lives at Geneseo, Illinois, where she has one child, a son, A. B. Jr.; Will M., 
November 14, 1880, a printer in the office of the Hutchinson Wholesaler, 
who married Dove Gear and has fi\'e children, Henrietta, Wilma, Keith. 
Wayne and Hugh; Myron, February 11, 1883, wdio married Jessie Cutshaw 
and lives in Los Angeles, California, where he is engaged in the w'holesale 
cigar business, and Minofa, September 28, 1886, who married Sherman Mil- 
ler, a farmer of V^alley township, this county, and has two children, Sher- 
man and Ira. 



FRED SCHARDEIN. 

Fred Schardein, a farmer of Reno county, was born on December 10, 
1883, on his father's homestead farm in Salt Creek township. His parents, 
John and Eliza J. (Grady) Schardein, settled in Kansas in 1878. He was 
educated in the district schools of his home township, and took up farming 
as a vocation after leaving school. 

Mr. Schardein has leased his father's farm, which he has been operating 
for several years, and is making arrangements for the purchase of this farm 
in the near future. His father placed all the early improvements on the 
place, but during the last three years Mr. Schardein has erected a dwelling 
house, a barn and silo, and otherwise improved the farm. 

On May 6, 1908, at Hutchinson, Fred Schardein w^as married to Anna 
F. Long, who was born on March 10, 1885, the daughter of Daniel and 
Alice A. (Welty) Long, who were among the early pioneer settlers of Reno 
county. Mr. and Mrs. Schardein are the parents of three children : Fern, 
born on March 25, 1909; Teddy, November 20, 1912, and Frederick, March 
I, 191 5. Mr. Schardein is a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and the Sons of Veterans. 



200 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

COL. HENRY HARTFORD. 

Col. Henry Hartford, a distinguished veteran of the Civil ^^'ar and 
proprietor of the noted "Hillsview Stock Farm," in ]\Iedora township, this 
county, who for some years has been living comfortably retired at his pleas- 
ant home at 410 Fourth avenue, east, in the city of Flutchinson, is a native 
of the Emerald Isle, having been born in County Londonderry, Ireland, 
February 8, 1837, son of ^^'illiam and ■Martha (Leslie) Hartford, both 
natives of that same county, the former of whom died in Ireland at the age 
of forty-four and the latter of whom, born in 181 2, died at the home of her 
son, the subject of this sketch, in Medora tow^nship, this county, in 1905. 

William and Martha Hartford, well-to-do people in Ireland, were the 
parents of five children, of W'hom Col. Henry Hartford is the eldest, the 
others being William, who resides at Lahunta, Colorado ; John died in young 
manhood in Ireland; and Elizabeth and Susan, twins, the former of whom 
married George Cooter, now a retired farmer, living in Hutchinson, this 
county, and the latter of whom married John Clark and died at their home 
at Long Branch, New Jersey. 

Henry Hartford received an excellent education in private schools at his 
boyhood home in Ireland and when he was eighteen years old determined to 
try his fortune in the great and promising New \\'orld across the water. 
With this end in view, in 1855, he took passage on one of the first steam- 
ships that crossed the Atlantic and in due time landed at the port of New 
York. In that city he had little difficulty in finding employment and as his 
brother William had preceded him, they both were engaged as clerks in a 
grocery store. In the early sixties their widowed mother and one sister 
jf)ined them in their new home in New York and the reunited family estab- 
lished a very comfortable home there. The other sister had come about 
1859. Years afterward when the Flartford brothers became successful 
homesteaders in this county, the widow Hartford joined them here and her 
last days were spent in this county, at the home of her eldest son. 

Upon President Lincoln's first call for volunteers to help in the sup- 
pression of the rebellion of the Southern states, Henry Hartford left his 
place behind the counter of the grocery store and enlisted in Company K. 
First New Jersey Militia, for the three-months service prescribed in the first 
call for troops. Upon the expiration of this service the militia was reorgan- 
ized as a volunteer regiment and became the Eighth Regiment, New Jersey 
\'olunteer Infantr)-, Henry Hartford becoming first sergeant of Company F 
of the same, and in this regiment he served until it was mustered out follow- 



l„^ 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 20I 

iiig the Grand Review at the close of the war, performing his soldierly duties 
so faithfully that he was mustered out as lieutenant-colonel, in command of 
the regiment. Sergeant llartf(jrd rose steadily in the ranks during the early 
part of his service and was ranking officer of the regiment when Col. John 
Ramsey, commander of the regiment, was raised to the rank of brigadier 
general, in charge of his brigade of the Second Army Corps, which left a 
vacancy and it was then Mr. Hartford was made colonel of his regiment 
and was in command until the close of the war. The Eighth New Jersey 
was in the very thick of every important battle fought by the Army of the 
Potomac and Colonel Hartford was wounded five times seriously and once 
slightly, his most serious wounds having been received at the battle of Peters- 
burg, \'irginia, June i(3, 1864; the battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, and at 
the battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862. He was in the thick of things 
during the battle of Fredericksburg and in all the other battles under Gen. 
Joe Hooker and some of the battles under General Sickles. Colonel Hart- 
ford was in charge of his regiment in the Grand Review in Washington at 
the close of the war and after the regiment was mustered out he remained 
in the service, assisting in checking uj) regimental stores, until in October. 
1865, when he, too, was mustered out. Colonel Hartford had a most inter- 
esting military career. He was in the following engagements : Yorktown, 
Williamsburg, part of General McClelland's retreat to Malvern Hill, Bristle 
Station, Second Bull Run, Mine Run. Gettysburg, Kelley's Ford, ^IcLean 
Ford, and many other minor engagements. 

Upon the conclusion of his military service. Colonel Hartford returned 
to New York City and for a year thereafter was employed in the office of 
the city assessor, at the end of which time he was engaged by the old Sprague 
& McKillets Mercantile Agency, a concern then corresponding to the now 
well-known Dunn and Bradstreet agencies, with which he was connected 
until 1867, in which year he and his brother, William, decided to test the 
opportunities apparently presented in the then new West. They came to 
Kansas, locating at Leavenworth, where they engaged in the commission 
business, under the firm style of the Hartford Brothers Commission Com- 
pany and thus continued in business there until 1872. In November, 1872, 
Colonel Flartford had made a trip over into Reno county and had filed a 
claim for a soldier's homestead in Medora township, filing on the northeast 
quarter of section t8, township 22, range 4, west, which land he still owns, 
and in February, 1873, moved onto his homestead and began to develop the 
same. His brother filed on another cjuarter of the same section: his mother 
who, meanwhile, also had come West, took up another quarter of the same 



202: RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and his brother-in-law, George \\". Cooter, filed on the remaining quarter, 
the family thus being together the owners of all of section i8, in Medora 
township, and among the ^•ery earliest settlers of Reno county. The hard- 
ships endured liy the early settlers of this county are fittingly described in 
the historical section of this work and need not therefore be more than 
touched im here. Init it is proper to say that the Hartfords did not escape 
their share of privation. They rose equal to all emergencies and superior 
to all discouragements, however, and in the end prospered greatly. Follow- 
ing the dread grasshopper scourge of 1874, Colonel Hartford, a natural 
leader of men, took charge of affairs in behalf of the suffering and famine- 
stricken settlers and was the first man to secure aid from the East for Reno 
county and acted as distributing agent for supplies apportioned to Medora 
township and in other ways rendered invaluable assistance during the dreary 
days which tried the souls of all hereabout. From the very beginning. 
Colonel Hartford conducted his farming operations on an extensive scale 
and presently became known as one of the most progressive ranchers and 
cattle men in this section of the state. As he prospered he gradually added 
to "Hillsview Stock Farm," until he now owns one thousand acres of choice 
land in A Fedora township, where for years Colonel Hartford had a fine grade 
of pure-blood Shorthorn cattle of which he made a specialty, but before 
retiring sold out his cattle, the great ranch now being under the management 
of Colonel Hartford's son, Harry E. Hartford, whose progressive ideas are 
producing excellent results. Colonel Hartford has not confined his business 
activities wholly to his ranch, however, and is the owner of quite a bit of 
valuable property in the city of Hutchinson. Though practically retired from 
the more active pursuits of life, he continues to take a warm interest in 
aff'airs and personally gives his close attention to some of the details of his 
extensive interests. Tn 1906 Colonel and Mrs. Hartford retired from the 
ranch and moved into the city of Hutchinson, \\here they have a very pleas- 
ant home and where they are now li\ing. 

On I'ebruary 28, 1879, Col. Henry Hartford was united in marriage, in 
Medora township, this county, to Alice Elizabeth Thomas, who was born in 
Jennings county, Indiana, daughter of Joseph V. and Enu'ly Thomas, who 
came with their familv to Reno county in 1 ■*^73 and entered a (|uarter of a 
section of land adjoining the FTartford section in Medora township, and to 
this union five children have been born, namely: Ethel died at the age of 
fourteen years : Ella, a teacher in the Hutchinson schools, lives with her par- 
ents; Harr\', who is on his father's farm; Daile. who married John Cain and 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 203 

lives at Alitchcll, in Rice county, this state; and Martha May, who is at 
home with her parents, is also a teacher in the city schools. 

Colonel Hartford is an ardent Rcpiil>lican and during the more active 
years of his life attended every county and many district and state conven- 
tions of his party. He was the second sheriff elected in Reno county, serv- 
ing in that office in tlie ye;irs 1874-75, and also served very efficiently as 
township clerk and member of the school board. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows in which order he takes much interest, 
and is one of the directors of the Eastside Cemetery Association. It was 
Colonel Hartford who received general credit among the members of that 
post for having given Joe Hooker Post, Grand Army of the Republic, at 
Hutchinson, its name, he and Captain F. L. Mintie, who v/ere the only 
charter members of that post who had fought under General Hooker, ha\ing 
fought so vigorously for this honor in behalf of their old general that the 
other comrades of the post hnally gave in and Joe Hooker post it ever has 
been. Colonel Hartford ever having been one of the most active members 
of the same. 



WILLIAM R. CONE, D. D. S. 

Dr. William R. Cone, a well-known dentist, of Flutchinson, this county, 
is a native of Alissouri, having been born on a farm in the neighborhood 
of Albany, in Gentry county, that state, on August 28, i860, son of E. W. 
and Flliza AI. (Ogden) Cone, both of whom were born in Fountain county, 
Indiana, the former on December 25, 1834, and the latter, August 29, 1835, 
both of whom are still living. 

E. W. Cone was reared on his father's farm in Fountain county, 
Indiana, and was married in that county, shortly after which, in 1858. he 
moved to Missouri and bought a farm in Gentry county, in the neighborhood 
of Albany. He \\'as a Douglas Democrat and an ardent anti-slavery man, 
who never hesitated to n.iake his position on the burning issues of that day 
known. Following the election of President Lincoln, in i860, his pro-slavery 
neighbors, who e\'en then were organizing guerilla bands thereabout in pre- 
paration for eventualities, drove him out of the neighborhood. He was 
compelled to sacrifice his farm in Missouri and took his family and moved 
to Aluscatine, Iowa, where he remained for a few months, at the end of 
which time he leased a farm in Mercer county, Illinois, on which he lived 
until the fall of 1872. He then came to Kansas, locating on a homestead 



204 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

on Prairie Dog creek, in the northern part of the state. He had been there 
Init a short time when a prairie fire devastated that whole section of the 
state, he and his family saving their lives only by desperate back-firing and 
plowing" under liie sod in a radius of twenty acres surrounding their home. 
Discouraged by the outlook there, the Cones moved to the Junction City 
ncighhorhood, where they raised a crop the succeeding }'ear and in the spring 
of 1874 moved to another farm near Peabody, Kansas. That \vas grass- 
hopper year and everything they raised that summer was eaten up by the 
cloud of pests that overwhelmed tlie land. In the fall of that year the fam- 
ily mo\-ed o^■er into Coffey county and there E. W. Cone bought a farm on 
which lie made his home until 1884, '" which year he and his wife retired 
from the farm and moved to Tulare county, CaHfornia, where they are 
now li\ing. he being psst eighty-one years of age, and she past eighty. They 
are members of the Presbyterian church and their eight children, all of 
whom are living, were reared in that faith. These children, in the order of 
their birth, are as follow : Edgar P., a fruit farmer, who lives near Seattle, 
Washington; Dr. William R., the immediate subject of this sketch; Carlton, 
who lives at Eresno, California; Oscar, a building contractor, also living at 
Eresno ; Samantha, who married S. C. Wilkinson and lives at Laton, Cali- 
fornia ; Catherine, who married AW A\\ AA'ilkinson and lives at El Paso, 
Texas; Josephine, who married E. .V. .Vtchison and lives at Butte, Montana, 
and Cora, who married George X. White and lives at Boise, Idaho. 

William R. Cone received his elementary education in the district schools 
of Illinois and Kansas. Ele was twelve vears of age when his familv moved 
to this state and at the age of seventeen he began teaching school in Coffey 
countv and was thus engaged for five vears. at the end of which time, in 
1883, he entered the University of Kansas, from which he was graduated in 
1888, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In the fall of 1888 he was 
elected county superintendent of schiiols of Coffey count}-, in which capacity 
he served for two years. Tn tlic meantime, he had taken up the study of 
dental surgery and in 1801 began the ])ractice of that ]irofession at Elor- 
ence and continued thus engaged until i8q4. in which year he entered the 
C'oUege of Dental vSurgery at Chicago and uyAm completing his course there 
returned to Elorence, where he practiced until in I'Y'bruary. 1899. ^^ which 
time he came to Reno county, locating at Hutchinson, where he ever since 
has Ijeen engaged in the practice of his profession. 

On r^Iarch to, 1895, ^^- AA'ilh'am R. Cone was united in marriage to 
Armanellie Stetler, who was born in Burlington. Towa, October 11. 186S, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 205 

(laughter of 1. 11. and Retta Stetler, l)oth of whom arc imw li\ing in Chicago. 
Mrs. Cone was graduated from the Woman's Medical College of North- 
western Uni\crsity, at Chicago, and from the time of her arrival in Ihitch- 
inson until 1906 was actively engaged in the practice of her profession, 
making a specialty of diseases of women and children. Doctor and Mrs. 
Cone are memhers of the Presbyterian church and Doctor Cone is a IMason. 
In 1907 Doctor Cone huilt a pretty suburban home at 900 Seventeenth 
street, west, where he owns a fine tract of forty acres. Twenty acres of 
this tract is set to orchard fruit, mostly apples and cherries, and in this fine 
orchard the Doctor finds his chief diversion from the exacting duties of his 
profession, deriving not only considerable profit from his orchard but an 
infinite amount of pleasure in the cultivation of the same. 



HOUSTON WHITESIDE. 

Houston \\ hiteside, dean of the Reno County Bar Association, one of 
the best-known lawyers in Kansas, founder of the Hiitcliinson Nci^'s and 
probably the oldest continuous resident of the city of Hutchinson, a man 
who has witnessed the development of that bustling city from the days it 
consisted of a few unsightly shanties stuck up in the dreary sands of the 
original tow'usite and who has aided \ery materially in the development of 
the city to its ]>resent exalted status, is a native of Tennessee, he having 
been born in Shelby ville, that state, in 1847, son of Russell Porter and Mary 
Ann (Houston) Whiteside, the former of whom, born in 1824 died in 
1854, and the latter, born in 1824, died in 191 2. 

Russell Porter Whiteside was born near Shelbyville, Tennessee, mem- 
ber of a pioneer family of that section, and was reared on the paternal farm. 
His elder brother, Thomas C. Whiteside, was a prominent attorney in Shel- 
byville, and upon completing his schooling he entered his brother's office and 
began the study of law, presently being admitted to the bar and becoming 
a partner of W^illiam H. Wisener in the practice of the law, with offices at 
Shelbyville and Lewisburg. quickly taking his place among the leaders of the 
bar thereabout, entering upon a most promising career, which was cut short 
by death at the early age of twenty-eight. Russell P. Whiteside married 
Mary Ann Houston, who was liorn near Concord, in Cabarrus county. 
North Carolina, daughter of Dr. William and Sarah (P^'hifer) Houston, 
who emigrated to Tennessee with her parents when seven years of age, her 



206 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

father having located there at that time on a large tract of land which had 
been granted t(j his father by the government in consideration of his dis- 
tinguished services in behalf of the armies of the patriots during the Revolu- 
tionary War, her father having been the colonel of the Third North. Caro- 
lina Regiment, the same in v.hich Doctor Houston's father had served in the 
capacit}- of captain. Dr. William Houston became one of the leading planta- 
tion owners in the Shelbyville neighborhood, a large slave-holder and an 
extensive breeder of cattle. Russell P. Whiteside was a Whig and a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, tlie sterling character of the man being 
attested by the fact that he had. been an elder in the Presbyterian church for 
some time prexious to his death, at the early age of twenty-eight. To him 
and his wife two children were born, the subject of this biographical sketch 
having had a sister, Annie, who married William E. Hutchinson, partner of 
his brother, C. C. Hutchinson, founder of the city of Hutchinson, this county. 
Uix)n the death of Russell P. ^\'hiteside his wddow married, secondly, George 
T. Hutton, a farmer of Bedford county, Tennessee, who died about 1890, 
and to this second union three children were born, Emmette, Samuel and 
Leota, the latter of whom married Doctor Conn, and all of whom reside in 
Hutchinson. 

Houston W'hiteside was reared at Shelbyville. Tennessee, his elementary 
education being received in a private school there, the same being supple- 
mented b}- a course in Shcll)y\ ille College, which was interrupted 1:)y the 
military activities in that section during the Ci\'il War, during which time 
the schools were closed. After the war, Mr. Whiteside began teaching 
school near Shelbyville and was thus engaged for three years, at the end of 
which time he went to Mississippi, where for a year he operated a cotton 
l;lantation, after which he entered the law office of his uncle, Thomas C. 
W'hiteside, at Shelbyville, where for two year.s he gave his most studious and 
intelligent attention to the theory and practice of the law, laying there the 
foundation for the notable success he later was destined to achieve in the 
practice of that exacting profession, [n the spring of 1872 Mr. Whiteside 
canie to Kansas and on May 16, of that }ear. arrived at Hutchinson, which 
harl been platted the year before and which at the time of iiis arrival con- 
sisted of but a few shanties. Recognizing immediately the need of a proper- 
medium of expression for the jiromotion of the interests of the promising 
town site, ^Ir. Whiteside, in connection with Perry Brothers, of Miami 
countv. this state, founded the Hutchinson Nezvs. he takins: editorial direc- 
tion of the same. The next year. 1873. he bought the interests of his part- 
ners and operated the paper alone until 1875. '^^ which year he sold the same, 



UENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 20/ 

the gronini^- interests of his ah^eady extensive law i)ractice demanchng his 
lUKhvided attention. In Novemlier, of the year of his arrival in IhUchinson, 
Air. Whiteside was elected connty attorney for Reno county and was re- 
elected in ICS74. h'roin the time he retired from editorial direction of the 
I lutcliuison News unLil the time of his ])ractical retirement from practice, in 
1907, Air. Whiteside occupied a very high i)lace at the bar of Reno county 
and from the hrst was recognized h}* l)oth the l)ench and bar of this section 
as a vigorous and useful force in affairs. From the date of its organization, 
more than thirty years ago, he has been the president of the Reno County Bar 
Association and in every way has labored to maintain the high dignity of the 
bar in this county. Though most of the time Mr. Whiteside has conducted 
his practice alone, he from time to time has been associated in partnership 
with W. H. Gleason, A. C. Malloy, W. E. Hutchinson and James AIcKinsty. 

Mr. Whiteside is a Republican and from the time of his arrival in this 
county has given close attention to the political affairs of the community 
and of the state at large, though never having been a candidate for office, 
his large law practice having required all his time. For several terms, how- 
CA'er, he served as city attorney, under appointment of the city council, in 
\\hich public capacity he performed excellent service, and for twenty-five 
years was district attorney for the Santa Fe system. Frequently, Mr. ^^'hite- 
side has been a delegate to state and congressional conventions of his party 
and has been regarded as a useful factor in Kansas politics. He also has 
gi\'en his close attention to business affairs and helped to organize the Hutch- 
inson Commercial Club in 1892. He was president of the first flour-mill 
company in Hutchinson and for years was president of the Water, Light 
and Power Company and at dififerent times has been actively connected with 
various real-estate and banking companies, though not now- thus actively 
connected. He still owns the (juarter of a section of land which he pre- 
empted near Hutchinson, on the west, and is the owner of other valuable 
farm lands. 

On February 22, 1889, Houston Whiteside was united in marriage to 
Julia Clementine Latimer, who was born at Jackson, Tennessee, daughter of 
Charles Latimer and wife. Charles Latimer was a A^irginian, who was grad- 
uated from the United States Na\al Academy at Annapolis and for many 
years was an officer in the United States navy. During the Civil War he 
was federal superintendent of railroads, located at Jackson, Tennessee, and 
after the war took service in the engineering- department of the Lake Shore 
railroad, which company he served for some years as chief engineer, with 



208 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

headquarters at Cleveland. Ohio, later going to the Erie Railroad Company, 
in the same capacity, and dietl in Cleveland in 1887. 

To Houston and Julia C. ( Latimer) Whiteside two children have been 
born, a son and a daughter. Houston, jr., born in 1891, graduated from the 
United States ^Military Academy at West Point in 1912 and served as an 
otiicer in the Twenty-third Regiment, United States Infantry, until his resig- 
nation in 1914. since which time he has been giving his attention to his 
father's extensive business interests in and about Hutchinson; and Ada, 1893, 
who supplemented her schooling in the public schools of Hutchinson by a 
course in a finishing school for young women at Greenwich, Connecticut, 
and married Wirt ?kIorton, superintendent of the Morton Salt Company, of 
J kuchinson. The Whitesides live in a handsome and hospitable home at 
504 Sherman street, east, in the city of Hutchinson. Mr. and Mrs. White- 
side are members of the Episcopal church, of which Mr. Whiteside was a 
vestryman for many years and seniof warden for twenty years. He has been 
chancellor of the diocese since its organization and takes a warm interest in 
church affairs. He is a member of the Masons, the Knights of Pythias and 
the Anti-Horse Thief Association. Mrs. Whiteside is highly accomplished in 
music and has done much to promote music in Kansas. She is well known 
as the finest vocalist in the state and one of the best amateur singers in the 
whole countrv. 



JOEL M. ANDERSON. 

Joel M. Anderson, son of William D. and Sarah I. (Louder) Anderson, 
was born in Guilford county. North Carolina, April 16, 1841. His parents 
were natives of North Carolina and were of Scotch ancestry. Llis father 
was a pioneer minister of the Wesleyan INIethodist church. Reared in a 
state where slavery existed he disapproved strongly of the system and,, with 
a view of getting him.self and family from its blighting influences, he removed 
to Henry county. Indiana, in 185 1. He remained there until about 1858, 
when he removed to Decatur county, Iowa, where he continued to make his 
home during the remainder of his life. He died in February, 1890, and 
his wife survived him less than a week. 

Joel M. Anderson, the subject of this sketch, died at his home in Hutch- 
inson. Kansas, December t8, 191 r. He had the following brothers and 
sisters: Rhoda, deceased, married \\'. H. Sanford, of Leon, Iowa; Mary 
A. married J. P. Dunn, of Abbeyville, Kansas; ^^'illiam S., a farmer, of 




JOEL M. ANDERSON. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 209 

Ringgold. Iowa; Irene married Peter Deck, of Abl)eyville, Kansas; Solomon, 
a nieni1)er of the Third Iowa Cavalry in the Civil War, died in the service 
in Louisville, Kentucky; John C, a farmer, at Kennard, Indiana; Isaac B., 
a farmer, at Cadiz, Indiana. 

Joel M. Anderson was educated in the district schools of Henry county, 
Indiana, and Decatur county, Iowa. He remained at home working on the 
farm until he reached his majority. He then rented a farm in Decatur 
county, Iowa, and afterward bought a small farm in that county which he 
cultivated until the fall of 1873, when he removed to Reno county, Kansas, 
where he located a homestead claim on the northwest quarter of section 34, 
township 23, range 8, and during the fall and winter of 1873 broke sod 
preparatory to spring planting. In the spring he rented some other land 
that had been broken the preceding year and planted forty acres in corn, but 
he lost his entire crop by the grasshopper scourge that devasted that section 
that year. Having nothing left, like many other settlers, he had to leave 
his claim and seek some other location to obtain a living for himself and 
family. He returned to his former home in Iowa where he spent the winter 
working with his team at one dollar per day. In the spring of 1875 he 
returned to Kansas to make another effort to raise a crop. He planted only 
a small acreage of wheat because he did not have enough money to purchase 
seed for a larger acreage. The grasshopper plague had abated and he was 
able to realize a fair return for his labor that year. His first house was a 
one-story, fourteen ])y sixteen, in which he lived for several years, until he 
was able to enlarge and improve it. He was engaged in general farming 
and stock raising until September, 1888, when he removed to Hutchinson to 
assume the duties of the office of county treasurer, to which he had been 
elected. 

Mr. Anderson was elected to the office of county commissioner in 1885, 
for a term of one year, from the third district. This was to fill a vacancy 
in that office. On the expiration of that term he was re-elected for the full 
term of three years, but he resigned the office of commissioner to accept the 
office of county treasurer, to which he was elected in the fall of 1887. He 
served for two terms, of two years each, in the latter office, being re-elected 
in the fall of 1889. He was elected police judge of Hutchinson, in 1895. 
and served in that capacity for two years. He was also township trustee 
for three years, and one of the organizers of school district No. 58, and 
served as treasurer of the school board for nine years. In the discharge of 
these various official duties he was always prompt, efficient and reliable, and 
(14a) 



210 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

commanded the approbation and the esteem of the community which he 
faithfully served. His official record is without criticism or reproach. His 
public honors always came to him unsought, his fellow citizens calling him to 
office because they recognized his trustworthiness and ability. 

After retiring from office Air. Anderson engaged in the real-estate and 
insurance business, and also engaged as administrator of estates and guardian 
of minor heirs. In this capacity his superior business judgment, his unques- 
tioned integrit}- in handling public and private interests, gave assurance that 
business entrusted to him would be carefully handled and honestly accounted 
for. His entire life was in harmony with his profession — honorable, straight 
and upright — and was crowned with the high degree of success which is ever 
accorded sterling worth. 

On August 8, 1863, ]\Ir. Anderson enlisted in Company C, Ninth Iowa 
Cavalry, under the command of Colonel Drummond, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
with whom he served for two years. This regiment served in Missouri and 
Arkansas, guarding wagon trains and doing much scouting and escort duty. 
On account of disability from hard service and exposure, JMr. Anderson was 
discharged at the end of two years. 

Joel AI. Anderson was married, July 31, 1862, in Iowa, to Sarah A. 
Chambers, a daughter of Daniel K. and Elizabeth ((Brinneman) Chambers. 
Mrs. Anderson was born in Pennsylvania, September 8, 1844. Her father 
was born in Pennsylvania, June 21, 18 16. He was a farmer, owning one 
hundred and sixty acres of culti\"ated land and forty acres of timber land. 
near Leon. Iowa, where he settled in 1848. In 1850 Air. Chambers was 
attracted by prospects in gold mining in California and went on the long 
journey across the plains to seek his fortune in that state. After two years 
of indifferent success he returned to his Iowa home and resumed his farm- 
ing operations. In 1893 he came with his wife to Hutchinson to live with 
his daughter. Airs. Joel AI. Anderson. He died here, September 8, 1905. 
He had been blind for abtjut twenty }-ears. Air. Chambers had been a suc- 
cessful farmer and took great pride in his farm, and in the raising and care 
of fine horses. His wife was born in Pennsylvania, February 25. 1816. and 
died in Hutchinson. June 4. 1894. i>oth were prominent members of the 
Alethodist church. 

The brothers and sisters of Airs. Joel AI. Anderson are: Austin, bom 
in Pennsylvania. Alarch 29, 1841, was a .soldier in the Civil War, serving six 
months, died in Lyoden, Wa.shington territory, January 17, 1889; Alary 
Ellen, born in Pennsylvania, December 2. 1847. married George T. Chandler, 
a farmer, living at .\rmour. South Dakota; Emma Jane, born near Leon, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 211 

](j\\a, May 21.), i^^^, died June 16, i860; Anicjs, horn near Lccjn, Iowa, 
October 16, 1854, is a farmer and slock raiser at Leon, Iowa. 

The children born to Mr. and A'Irs. Anderson arc: William A., a 
farmer of l\eno county; bla b. married M. Wihiiot; Cora married John S. 
b)anl)er, of \\ hitewater, Kansas; [jertha married Walter Meade, of Hutchin- 
son, Kansas. 

Mr. Anderson was an active and prominent member of the Methodist 
Episco])al church, having sensed as a member of the official board, and in 
the work of the Sunday school, in which he was a teacher in the country. 
He was a member of Joe Hooker Post, Grand Army of the Republic. He 
was also a su]>porter of the Hutchinson Young Men's Christian Association. 
Politically, he was identified with the Republican party, having served on the 
county central committee, and was frecjuently a delegate to the conventions 
of his ])arty. Mrs. Anderson is a member of the Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Union, and the Woman's Relief Corps, auxiliary to the Grand Army 
of the Republic. The family residence is one of the handsome homes of 
Hutchinson, located at 517 Third avenue, east. 



PETER A. NELSON. 



Peler A. Nelson, well-known hardware merchant at Hutchinson, this 
county, is a native of Sweden, having been born near the village of Elmholt, 
in the district of Smaalene, in that kingdom, on January 4, 1864, son of 
jolin and Nellie Nelson, both natives of the same district, farmers there, 
who, in 1869, emigrated with their two small sons, John W'., now president 
of the Nelson Manufacturing Company, of Hutchinson, this county, and 
Peter .V., the subject of this sketch, to America, locating for a short time at 
Rockford, Illinois, where John Nelson worked at such labor as his hands 
could find to do. 

fn 1872, the year after tlie organization of Reno county, the Nelsons 
came to Kansas, settling in this county, where John Nelson pre-empted eighty 
acres of land in Lincoln township, on the present site of the village of Dar- 
low. He presently sold that homestead and bought a (piarter of a section in 
the same township, two miles west of his original place, where he made his 
home for some time. He then l;ought a farm in Castleton township, during 
the eighties, later lju}ing a fpiarlcr of a section in Iveno township, south of 
the town of South Hutchinson, on which he lived until the time of his retire- 



212 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

niciit from the active labors of the farm, after which he moved into Hutch- 
inson, where he and his wife spent t!ie remainder of their hves, his death 
occurring- in i()09. His widow' survived him three years, her death occur- 
ring in 1912. During tlieir residence in Sweden, the Nelsons w^ere mem- 
bers of the Lutheran church. ])ut u|)on coming to this county, in the absence 
of a Lutheran congregation with which to worship, Mrs. Nelson joined the 
Methodist church. 

Peter A. Nelson was five years of age wdien he came to America with 
his parents and was eight years of age w'hen they came to this count}^ in 
1872. Lie, consequently, has l^een a wdtness of the w^onderful development 
of this region since those pioneer days and his recollection of the hardships 
and privations which the original settlers of this county had to endure in the 
days of grasshoppers and droughts is very vivid. He grew up on the farm, 
manfully assisting his father in the development of the same and wdien his 
father moved from Castleton to Reno township he gave Peter A. the former 
quarter-section farm as a reward for his faithfulness and industry. Mr. 
Nelson lived on this farm for one year, at- the end of which time, in 1886, 
lie went to Linne}- county, wdiere, in the Garden City neighborhood, he 
homesteaded and then commuted a tract of land, which he still owns and the 
next year returned to his Castleton tow-nship place. In 1889 he joined his 
brother, J(jhn \\'., in South Hutchinson, wdiere they engaged in the retail 
hardware business, the next year moving their store to Hutchinson, locating 
the same in the Rock Island block, where they conducted their business quite 
successfully for a time, and finally locating at North Main street, wdiich 
three-stor\- building they purchased, rmd where they greatly enlarged the 
capacity of their business and at the same time engaged in the manufacture 
of galvanized tanks, Iniilding u]) an extensive business in the same. In iqog 
this partnership was dissolved, Peter A. Nelson retaining the store and liis 
brother, John W'., taking the n;anufacturing end of the Imsiness, wliich he is 
still oi)erating. Mr. Nelson's hardware store is one of the liest equipped 
stores in Hutchinson, fittings and lixtures being up-io-datc and stock com- 
plete. 

In 1899 Peter A. Nelson was united in marriage to Hilma .\nderson, 
who was bnrn in Sweden, d;uighter of Carl and Mary Anderson, both now 
deceased, and who came with iluni Id America when slie was a small girl, 
the family .settling in Wiscon>in, later coming to Kansas, and to this union 
one child has been born, Celestine, born in igoi. Mr. and Afrs. Nelson 
have a Aery jdeasant home at 428 Avenue A, east. 

^Ir. Nelson is a Republican in national affairs, luit in local elections is 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 213 

more inclined to .^ive his i)reference to the men he thinks best fitted for the 
office, regardless of party distinctions. He is a thirty-second-degree Mason, 
a member of the lilne lodge at Hulchinson and of the consistory at Wichita. 
He also is a member of the Order of the iuistern Star and of the Indepen- 
dent rirdcr of Odd I'ellous and in all of these organizalions takes a warm 
interest. 



FRANK M. McDERMED. 

As an example of what energy, pktck, perseverance and thrift, coupled 
with an inherent shrewdness of thought and habit, may accomplish in the 
life of one man, the following interesting bit of biography, the life history 
of one of the most successful business men in Kansas, well deserves a prom- 
inent place in these pages. In Reiio county, few men are better known than 
iMank M. AIcDermed, merchant anrl capitalist, of Hutchinson, and it is to a 
brief review of his successful career since arriving in Hutchinson in 1887, 
a poor lioy, but eighteen years of age. that these lines are addressed. 

Frank 1\L McDermed was born in Roanoke City, X'irginia, October 4, 
1869, son of Oliver and Mary (Barnes) McDermed, the former of whom, 
born in that same city in 1830, son of William McDermed, a prosperous 
merchant, died in Arkansas, November 11, 1886, and the -latter, born in 
Roanoke county, Virginia, in 1835, died in Hutchinson, this county, January 
27, 1914. ■ . 

Oliver McDermed was reared to the mercantile business and upon 
reaching manhood loecame prcjp.rietor of a store at Roanoke City. Some 
years before the Civil War period he moved to Richmond, Virginia, and 
there engaged in Ijusiness, lieconu'ng the proprietor of a large store. When 
the war between the states l^roke out, he enlisted in the cause of the Confed- 
erate states and served valiantly during that fratricidal struggle in the army 
of his great general, Ivobert E. Lee. .At the close of the war, he found 
himself bankrupt, his business in Richmond having been destroyed during 
the time of the Federal occupation of that city, and after struggling along 
inetYectuallv for a few years in Roanoke City, decided to try his fortunes 
anew in the West. Tn 1872 he removed, with his family to Lonoke, Arkan- 
sas, where he and his son-in-law, "Bud" Holloway. engaged in cotton plant- 
ing \\itli some measure of success, though, after the death of Oliver AIc- 
Dermed, in 1886, there was not much left when his estate was settled. Oli- 
\er AIcDermed and his wife were the parents of eight children, as follow: 



214 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

William E., formerly a merchant at Los Angeles, California, now a com- 
mercial traveler there; Laura, who died, unmarried, in 1876; John A., a 
well-known farmer of this county; Robert F., engaged in the real-estate busi- 
ness in Hutchinson, a biographical sketch of whom .is presented elsewhere in 
this volume; Luton, a well-known grocer in Hutchinson; Annie, now de- 
ceased, wb.o -married "Bud" Holloway ; Frank ]\I., the immediate subject of 
this sketcli. and James I"., merchant, manufacturer, speculator and promoter, 
of Ihuchinsnn. this county. 

Frank M. ^^IcDermed was three years of age when his family moved 
from Virginia to the Arkansas plantation and was seventeen years of age 
when his father died. During the Hfe on the plantation conditions necessi- 
tated the labor of all hands and he had little time for schooling, he having 
had the advantage of attendance at liut three terms of district school during 
the time he lived there. When he was eighteen years of age he and his 
widowed mother and such of the younger children as had not yet left home 
came to this county and settled in Hutchinson, where he received the further 
advantage of attendance at three terms of the common school, his vacations 
l>eing spent at wurk in a plumbing shop. In 1890, he being then twenty- 
one years of age, Frank M. JMcDermed decided to go into business on his 
own account and opened a grocery store at 213 South Main street, which he 
operated quite successfully, continuing to occupy that same location until 
1905. in which year he sold it and a poultry yard he had established in 1898 
to his lirothers. Luton and James E., after which he started a new grocery 
and hardware store at 519-27 South Main street, where he is still in busi- 
ness, in connection with this establishment also conducting a large retail 
coal yard. 

It is not too much to sa> that b'rank M. McDermed has become quite a 
capitalist. When he arrived in Hutchinson, in 1887. he was a poor boy, 
with but little education, ])ut possessed of a natural aptitude for business 
and has made money at every turn. Mr. McDermed is interested in many 
enterprises in and about Hutchinson, in addition to his extensive commercial 
establishment. Fie was one of the promoters of the Rorabaugh-Wiley build- 
ing, the only eight-story office building in the city of Hutchinson, and was 
one of the original owners and promoters of Riverside Park. Fie is largely 
interested in farms in Arkansas, Texas and Oregon ruid is a director of the 
Reno State Bank, a director of the Fontron Loan rmd Trust Company and 
a director of the Haven Milling Company, and from 1896 to T903 was 
largely engaged in raising cattle in this county. 

In civic affairs also Mr. iSlcDermed has shown his intelligent interest 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 215 

and has foniul time from his extensive commercial and financial pursuits to 
gi\e considerable attention to the public service. He is a Democrat and 
served as a member of the Hutchinson city council from 1903 to 1910, in 
which latter vcar the commission form of government for that city was 
inaugurated, he being one of the first city commissioners. An interesting 
item in connection with Mr. McDermed's large holdings in Hutchinson is 
the statement that he is the owner of the oldest building now standing in 
Hutchinson, a stone l>uilding located at 15 South Main street, which was 
erected in 1872 and was constructed from stone hauled all the way from 
Newton, which at that time was the terminus of the Santa Fe railroad, there 
being then no railroad in Hutchinson. Mr. McDermed is a m.ember of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and takes a warm interest in the 
affairs of that popular order. 

On February 14, 1915, Frank AL McDermed was united in marriage to 
Clara Teter. \\ho was born and reared in Hutchinson, a daughter of James 
L. Teter, who is now a grocer at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 



ALBERT P. DIXON. 



The Dixon family has been actively connected with the affairs of Reno 
county since the days of the beginning of a social order hereabout, Albert 
P. Dixon, a v/ell-known and progressive young fanner of Salt Creek town- 
ship, this county, being a grandson of Nathaniel Dixon, a Hoosier, who 
came to Reno county in 1872, the year following the first permanent settle- 
ment made in the county, and son of the late Cyrus N. Dixon, who for years 
was regarded as one of the leading farmers of Enterprise township. 

Nathaniel Dixon was born in Indiana and became a well-to-do farmer 
of the Aurora neighborhood in that state. He married lantha Hoard and 
continued making his home near Aurora until 1872, in which year he and 
his family, his wife and five young children, came to Kansas, locating in 
Reno county, .where, in Enterprise township, he homesteaded a tract of 
land, being among the very earliest of the settlers of this county and the 
second or third to settle in Enterprise township. When he erected his 
humble home on his homestead there was not another house to be seen in 
any direction from that point, nor was there a tree in sight, while vast herds 
of buft'alo still were roaming the prairies hereabout, providing ample sup- 
plies of meat for the family larder. Nathaniel Dixon speedily proceeded to 



2l6 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

make a home on the priiirie and soon liad thing? in habitable shape. He 
planted a sig-htly grove on his place and (|uickly began to l>e recognized as 
one of the most progressive and energetic of the settlers in that part of the 
county. Nathaniel Dixon kept the postoffice in his home about 1874. His 
sons were acti\'e aids to him in tlic work of creating a new home and all 
grew up sturdy and independent farmers. Nathaniel Dixon and his wife 
were members of the Methodist clmrch and early took their place among 
those who were continuallv active in good works in their neighborhood. 
In the early eighties he sold his home place to his son, Cyrus N. Dixon, 
and he and his wife went to Oregon, where their last days were spent. 
They were the parents of five children, as follow : Ezra L., wdio w^nt to 
Oregon and died in Portland, that state; Luella, who married W. T. Hare 
and now lives in the town of Nickerson, this county; Cyrus N., father of 
the subject of this sketch, and Samuel and JMichael, both of wdiom have 
for vears been making their homes in Oregon, the latter of wdiom formerly 
was a minister of the ^Methodist Episcopal church, but is now farming in 
Oregon. 

Cyrus X. Dixon was twelve years of age when he came to this county 
with his parents in 1872, and he grew to manhood on the homestead farm 
in Enterprise township. AVhen he came of age he married Annie Warnock, 
who w'as born in Iowa in i86i- and who came to this county with her par- 
ents when she was a girl, and then he bought the homestead of his father, 
the latter at that time moving to Oregon, and spent the rest of his life there. 
])ecoming a very successful farmer. He presently bought an adjoining half 
section of land and at the time of his death on January 11, 1915, was the 
owner of seven hundred and twenty acres of choice land in Enterprise town- 
ship. He was a Democrat, ever taking an active part in local political 
affairs, and he and his wife were earnest members of the Methodist church. 
They were the parents of live children, namely: Albert P., the subject of 
this -sketch ; lantha, who married Jesse Huckworth and lives on a farm in 
[enterprise township, this county; Lola, married \'irgil T. Slifer, a farmer 
of I'Jiterprise; Ray, who is managing the home farm, and Ezra, deceased. 

Albert P. Dixon was born on the old Dixon homestead in Enterprise 
township, this county, on December 17. 18S5. He grew to manhood there, 
receiving his elementary education in tlie district school of that neighbor- 
hood, which he supplemented by a course in the Salt City Commercial Col- 
lege at Hutchinson. T'ollowing his marriage in 191 1 he bought the old 
ClaypfX)! place, the southwest quarter of section 6 in Salt Creek township 
and moved onto that farm, on which he still makes his home. He has been 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 217 

quite successful iu his fanuiug operations and rents additional land from 
his mother, which he is cultivatino- with profit. 

(^n Iul\- 29, 191 T, Alhert P. Dixon was united in marriage to Katy 
Kittle, who was horn in Rush county, this state, daughter of Stacy Kittle 
and wife, who now reside in Nickerson, this county, and to this union two 
children have heen horn, sons, Oscar, wdio was born in July, 1912, and 
Harold, in Ma>-, t(;i5. Mr. and Mrs. Dixon are members of the Methodist 
church and take a ])roper interest in the good works of their community. 



WILLIAM E. CARR. 



William E. Carr, general manager of the "IMonarch" mills at Hutchin- 
son, this county, vice-president of the Monarch Milling Company, promi- 
nently connected with the banking and commercial interests of the city and 
for x'ears one of the most active promoters of the best interests of "the Salt 
City," is a Hoosier, a fact of which he has never ceased to be proud, having 
been born in the village of New Corydon, Jay county, Indiana, February 19, 
1857, son of D. W. and Charlotta (Daugherty) Carr, both natives of that 
same state. 

William E. Carr was reared in his native village, receiving" his educa- 
tion in the locvA schools, and even as a youth started out to make his own 
way in the world. In Alay, 1S77, he came to Kansas, being located for a 
time in Hutchinson, then a vdlage of promising proportions, but still l)ear- 
ing all the evitlences of its recent origin, and while there worked in various 
capacities for the Santa Fe Railroad Company. In 1881 he was sent by 
that compan}' to Garden Cit}-, this state, to edit a newspaper, the Irrigator, 
which the railroad company had financed for the purpose of "booming" the 
sale of lands thereabout. In 1883 Mr. Carr moved to Ellinwood, this .state, 
wdiere he was engaged in editing and ])ublishing the EUimvood Express 
(now known as the Adrocatc) until 1887, in which year he moved to Great 
Bend to take the position of bookkeeper in the office of the Great Bend 
mills, owned Iw Hume & Kelly. In 1897 ^^r. Carr and William Kellv. of 
the above firm, caiue to this county and erected the "Monarch" mills at 
Hutchinson. In 1905 iMr. Kelly sold his interest in the flour-mill to X. B. 
Saw^yer, who, with Mr. C^arr, H. A. and E. B. Sawyer and R. E. Carr. 
organized the Monarch Milling Company, incorporated, and which is doing 
a very flourishing- business. Upon the entrance of the Sawyer interest into 



2l8 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

the milling company. X. B. Sa^vyer was elected president of the company, 
and Mr. Carr vice-president and general manager, Mr. Carr having had 
])r;ictica]]\" entire management of the mill ever since it was erected. It is 
universallv ackntnvlcdged that the product of the ''Monarch'' mills is as fine 
as there is made in Kansas. The plant has a daily capacity of six hundred 
and fifty harrels and the flour is shipped to all parts of the United States, 
in addition to which tlie company enjoys a considerable export trade. The 
"American Ladv" Ijrand of flour manufactured by this company is its lead- 
ing brand and is known in all parts of the country. 

Not onlv has ^Ir. Carr given his most thoughtful and intelligent atten- 
tion to his milling business, but he has taken an active part in several other 
enterprises of a local character and is known as one of Hutchinson's most 
representative business men, being a stockholder in the Commercial National 
Bank, First National Bank and numerous other concerns. 

In 1886 A\'illiam E. Carr was united in marriage to Alice Jacobs, who 
was born in Union county, Ohio, and to this union one son has been born, 
Ralph E., who is associated \vith his father in the milling business. Mr. 
and Mrs. Carr are members of the First Presbyterian church, in the various 
beneficences of which they take an active interest, and Mr. Carr is a member 
of the ?klodern \\'oodmen and of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
He and his son are active members of the Hutchinson Countrv Club, and the 
latter is an enthusiastic golfer. 



JOSEPH P. FARLEY. 



Joseph I*. Farley, superintendent of mails in the postoffice at Hutchin- 
son, this county, and one of the l)est-kn()wn citizens of that citv, is a native 
of Pennsylvania, having been born in I'amaqua, that state, June 15, i860, 
son of Michael and Ann (Colum) Farley, the former a native of Ireland 
and the latter of England, both of whom are now deceased. 

Michael h'arley was born in County Cavan, Ireland, and came to the 
United States with his widovN-ed nrnthcr wlien f(nn- vears of aee. The 
widow Farley settled in Tamacpia, in the heart of the Pennsylvania coal 
field, and there Michael grew to manhood, early becoming a miner, which 
vocation he followed all the active years of his life. He died there on Octo- 
ber 30. 1875, and his widow later moved to Philadelphia, where she died in 
November, 19 10. She was born in St. Helens. England, and had come to 



RENO COUNTY, KAXSAS. 219 

this country when a i^irl with her parents. There were ten of these chil- 
dren, all of whom are lixinj^' sa\e two. Thomas having died when eighteen 
years old and Catherine wdien fonr, those ocsides the snhject of this sketch 
(all residents of Philadelphia) heing as follow: James C, a railroad con- 
tractor; Mary, widow of Thomas Ahindy ; Daniel. Michael, Sarah, who 
married Jacob Borrell, a brick mason; Margaret, who married W'ilham 
Blaich. superintendent of circulation in the office of one of the Philadelphia 
newspapers, and Connor, inspector of upholstery for the Pennsylvania rail- 
road. 

Joseph P. Farley was reared at Tamaqna, Pennsylvania, and received 
his schooling there. He "grew- u]y' in the coal mines and worked there 
until he was seventeen years old. when, in 1877, about two years after his 
father's death, he went to Indiana and was engaged in farming in the Terre 
Haute neighborhood for ten years, at the end of which time he came to Kan- 
sas, arriving at Hutchinson on November 21. 1887. The Crystal Salt Com- 
pany of that city had been organized by Terre Haute men and Mr. Farley 
was engaged as foreman of that company's plant, a position he held for 
four years. He then engaged in the grocery business and tw-o years later 
received an appointment as letter carrier in the Hutchinson postoffice. For 
fifteen years Mr. Farley faithfully performed the duties of postman and 
then W'as advanced to the position of clerk, which he held for five years, or 
until his appointment to the position of superintendent of mails in 191 2, 
which position he still occupies. Mr. Farley is a Democrat and has ever 
given a good citizen's attention to political affairs. 

On January i, 1890, at Nevada, Missouri, Joseph P. Farley was united 
in marriage to Hannah Rukes, who was born near Brazil, in Clay county, 
Indiana, not far from Terre Haute, daughter of James and Elizabeth ( HotT- 
man) Rukes, both natives of Clay county. Indiana, the former of whom is 
still living, now a resident of Brazil, Indiana, and to this union six children 
have been born, namely: Anna E., who married Ralph J. Chesney. a freight 
clerk for the Chicago, Burlington and Ouincy railroad, stationed at Kansas 
City, Missouri; James N., an attorney-at-law at Hutchinson; Helen, who 
married Fred Danielson, baggage master at the Rock Island railroad depot 
at Hutchinson; Edna, a graduate of the Hutchinson high school, and i\Iar- 
garet and Joseph P., Jr., who are still in school. The Parleys have a plea- 
sant home at 516 B avenue, east, and are quite comfortably situated. Mr. 
Farley is a Mason, an Odd Fellow, a member of the Modern Woodmen of 
America and of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and in the affairs 
of all these organizations takes a w^arm interest. 



220 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 



FRED W. THORP. 



Fred W". Tliurp, a prosperous lumber and coal dealer in Haven, this 
county, a large landowner, first postmaster of the town of Haven, editor of 
the first newspaper jmblished in that town, founder of the bank established 
in Haven, former mayor of the town and who in other ways has been 
actively identiHed with the promotion of the best interests of that flourishing 
little cit\-. is a nati\'e of Wisconsin, having been born in Washington county, 
that state, April 22, i860, son of the Hon. Frederick O. and Maria (French) 
Thorp, the former of whom was born in Massachusetts and the latter in 
Connecticut, who emigrated tc Wisconsin with their respective parents, the 
former in 183 1 and the latter in 1832, Wisconsin then being unorganized as 
a state, existing merely as a part of the great Northwest Territory. Fred- 
erick O. Thorp and his wife were members of the Congregational church. 
They were the parents of three children, the subject of this sketch having 
had two brothers, George FL, a promising lawyer, wdio died at the age of 
iwenty-six, and Herman S., who died in early youth. 

Fred W. Thorp received his elementary education in the schools of 
West Bend and of Fond du Lac, \\'isconsin, supplementing the same by a 
course in the University of Wisconsin, from the scientific department of 
which excellent inslitulinn he was graduated in 1878. The following year 
he came to Kansas, locating in Reno county, wdiere he has e\'er since made 
his home. For some time alter coming to this county, and while getting 
"the la}- of the land."' Mr. Idior]' worked on farms in Haven township, and 
in one capacity and another, until J 886, the year in which the town of 
Haven was founded, he Ijegan the ])ublication of a newspaper in that prom- 
i;ing \illage, the Haicn Jndcpcndciil. with the ];ur])()se to ''boom" the town, 
and was thus engaged fur f<iur (ir five years, at the end of which time he 
sold the I mil' fiend cut. ni wliich lie had made a s]:)rightl\- and nourishing pub- 
h'cation. In tin: meantime he iiad married and had jjecome the owner of a 
fine farm about one and one-lialf miles east of llaven. and upcMi leaving the 
ncw.spaper mo\-ed tn the farm, wdiere he made his iionie until 1003. in which 
year he moved back to llaxen, where he e\er since lias made his home and 
where he and his family are very ])lcasantly and comfortabl\- situated. 

Mr. Thorp was the first postmaster of Haven and from the \erv Ijcgin- 
ning of that thrix'ing town has taken a w.arm interest in its development. 
Upon returning to Haven he c^rganized the Citizens State Bank and was 
elected cashier of the same, a iX)sition he held until he sold his interest in the 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 221 

Iiaiik, in 191 1. lie then established his present up-to-chite hinilier xard, one 
of the best appointed eoncerns ot' the kind in the county, where he also 
handles coal, cement and brick and manufactures cement-block. Since mov- 
ing I)ack to town, Mr. Thorp has rented his farms, bein<;- now the owner of 
several well-tilled tracts of land in this C(junty, and is looked upon as one of 
the most substantial citizens of the Haven community. He is a Democrat 
and ser\ed as mayor of Haven during the A'ears 1913 and 1914. 

Jn 1889 Fred W. Thorp was united in marriage to Hattie Mount, daugh- 
ter of ('yrus and Mary Mount, who were among the very earliest settlers of 
Reno county, they having located in Haven township in 1871, their daughter, 
Hattie, then having been but two years of age, and to this union two chil- 
dren have been born, George H., who is assisting his father in his business 
office, and Caroline, who is still in school. Mr. Thorp is a Mason, affiliated 
with the bdue lodge of that order at Haven; with the commandery of the 
Knights Templar at Hutchinson and with Midian Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, at Wichita. Pie also is a member 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and in the affairs of these several 
organizations tcikes a ^^■arm interest. 



ISAIAH DANFORD. 



Isaiah Danford, a well-known and prosperous farmer and dairyman of 
Reno township, this county, now living retired in the city of Hutchinson, is 
a native of Ohio, having been born on a farm in Noble county, that state, 
June 2j, 1841. son of Abraham and Lavina (Bates) Danford, both natives 
of that same state, the former Ijorn in Belmont county and the latter in 
Noble county. 

Abraham Danford w^as reared on a farm and became a successful and 
well-to-do farmer in his own right, the owner of two hundred and eighty 
acres of land. He was a Whig in his political belief and for many years 
served his townshi]) well in the cai)acity of justice of the peace. He and 
his .wife were members of the Christian church and their children were 
reared in that faith. Abraham Danford li\ed to l)e ninety years of age. 
His wife died ten years previous to his death, ddiey were the parents of 
eight children, ti\e of whom are still living, those besides the subject of this 
biographical sketch being Eli, Elizabeth, who married John Rowe; Nancy, 



222 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

will) marn'fd Julius Groves, and Roland Jasper, all of whom still live in their 
naii\e county, substanlird, well-to-do people. 

Isaiah Danford was reared on the paternal farm in Ohio, receiving his 
education in the district school in the neighborhood of his home, and after 
his marriage hi> father heli^'d him buy a one-hundred-acre farm four miles 
from the old hon".e place, j'resently he sold that farm to advantage and 
bought a farm of two hundred and ninety-seven acres in the same county, 
becoming an e\tensi\e farmer, and there his ten children w^ere born. In 
1887 he sold hi- farm in Ohio and c^une to Kansas wdth his family, locating 
in Hutchinson, this ccjunty. where he engaged in the hotel business, operating 
the Xoble County Hotel for a year with much success, that being in "boom" 
times. He then traded the hotel for a quarter of a section of land in Reno 
township and mo\ed ti 1 the latter place, making his home on that farm for 
four years, at the end of which time he sold the farm and rented a ranch of 
sixteen hundred acres in Cowley county, this state, which he operated for ii\'C 
years. He then returned to Reno county and bought a farm of ninety acres 
in Reno town-hiii. on which he made his home for two years, at the end of 
which time he bought a dairy farm in South Hutchinson and in 1905 started 
the South 1 futchinson DairA'. which he still owns, the same now beino- 
operated by his son-in-law, Benjamin Myers. In 1907 Air. Danford and 
his wife retired fron.i the active labors of the farm and moved into Hutch- 
inson, wdiere Mrs. Danford died on Xo\ ember 10, 1909. 

in 1862 Isaiah Danford was united in marriage to Eliza Ellen Groves, 
who was born in Noble county, Ohio, August 16, 1846, daughter of John 
and jMatilda Gro\-es, and to this union ten children were born, all of whom 
are still li\-ing, namely: Eincoln, born on Ju!\' 11, 1866, now^ operating a 
large ranch in lulwards countv, this state; Annie, lulv 8, 1868, wdio mar- 
ried Renjamin .Myer<. who conducts the South Hutchinson Dairy; Eli Frank- 
lin, Septemlier <;. 1X69, a large farmer in l\eno township, this count^■ ; A\'iil- 
iam Collins, May 25, 1871, an extensive farmei' in Oklahoma; La\ina Delia. 
October 19, 1872, who married L. S. Kent, a well-known auctioneer, oi 
Hutchin.son ; Louis I'., jamiary (.1, 1874, ;i well-to-do farmer of Reno tmvn- 
shij), this county; Alary Alice. January _^ 1 . 1 S7C'). who married A. T. Mou- 
];in, proprietor of the "Sunflower'- dairy in South I lutchinscju ; Carrie Alay, 
January 27, 1878, who married Robert Carlisle, a merchant of Stafford, 
this state; Rosanna, August 17. T8Sn, who married Patrick Hamilton and 
lives in .South Hutchinson, and bdla. ()ct'iber ;^o. 1882. who married Rich- 
ard Kenned)' and lives at Haven, this county. The Dan fords are all doing 
well in their several undertakings and all are held in high regard in their 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 223 

respective C()nin]iinities. Mr. Danford is a l\c|)iil)lican and ever has given a 
good citizen's attention lo local political all airs, though never an aspirant 
for office. He has many friends in I lutchinson and throughout the county 
and is held in high regard hy all. 



HERBERT E. RAMSEY. 



County Attorney Herbert E. Ramsey, an active and popular young 
lawyer, of Hutchinson, county seat of this county, is a native of Reno 
count}', ha\ing been born on a farm in Reno township, December 26, 1885, 
the only son of Enoch M. and Nellie D. (Belfour) Ramsey, both natives of 
Illinois, and both of whom are still living in this county. 

Enoch M. Ramsey owned a farm in Hancock county, Illinois, when he 
was married, but in 1882 he and his wife decided to come farther West 
and came to Kansas, locating near Earned, where they bought three quarter 
sections, but not being satisfied with that location shortly afterward disposed 
of their place aiid came to Reno county, buying three cjuarter sections in 
Reno township, which has been their home ever since and where they have 
prospered- largely. Mr. Ramsey still gives close attention to the general 
management of his place, though practically retired from the active labors 
of the same. He and his wife have a pleasant home at 633 Sherman street, 
east, in Hutchinson, where Mrs. Ramsey makes her home most of the time 
with her son, the subject of this sketch, and Mr. Ramsey alternates his time 
between his town house and the farm. Mr. and Mrs. Ramsey are active 
members of the Presbyterian church, in the various beneficences of which 
thev take much interest, and Mr. Ramsey is a Democrat and a member of 
the Masonic order. 

Herbert E. Ramsey was reared on the home farm in Reno township, 
receiving his elementary education in the district school in that neighljor- 
hood, after which he entered the high school at Hutchinson, from which he 
Vv-as graduated with the class of 1906. He then entered the law office of 
Hettinger & Hettinger and after a course of reading- there, entered the law 
department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, from which he 
was graduated in 1910. Upon receiving his diploma, Mr. Ramsey returned 
to Hutchinson, was admitted to the bar and began the practice of his pro- 
fession. He was appointed assistant county attorney under E. T. Foote 
and for four years was thus engaged, acquitting himself so satisfactorily in 



224 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

that ixDsition that in 1914 he was elected county attorney and is now serving 
in that im])ortant olhce. his administnitinn of the affairs of which is giving 
general satisfaction to the puljHc. 

^Ir. Ramsey is an active, energetic young lawyer, pubHc spirited and 
enterprising and is very popular in liis large circle of friends throughout the 
county generally. He is a member of the Presbyterian church and takes 
a warm interest in all p'ood works hereabout. 



JOHN A. MYERS. 



John A. Myers, a well-known retired farmer and cattleman, is a veteran 
of the Civil War and a native of Ohio, having been born in Harrison county, 
that state, on July 28, 1840, son of James R. and Maria (Romney) Myers, 
both natives of Pennsylvania. James Myers moved from Pennsylvania to 
Ohio after he was grown and there was married. For some time he owned 
and operated a farm in Harrison county, that state, but in 1852 he sold that 
farm and moved to Tuscarawas county, same state, where he bought another 
farm on which he made his home until later when he moved to Uhrichsville, 
death occurring in 1877. at the age of eighty-one years. His wife had died 
some years previously. They were members of the Presbyterian church 
during their residence in Harrison county, but after moving to Tuscarawas 
county joined the Moravian church. To James Myers and wife fifteen chil- 
dren were born, as follow: Hiram, who died in Los Angeles, California; 
Mrs. Melissa Welshinicr, who died at her home in Hutchinson, this county, 
in 1913. at the age of ninety-one; Harriet; Mary, who died unmarried in 
1895, in Hutchinson; Elizabeih. who died in infancy; James, a physician, 
who lived in Hutchinson, until his deadi in 1915, in his eighty-fifth year; 
Salome, who m;i.rricd a physician at Urbana, Illinois; Mrs. Elvina Smith, 
deceased; Albert, aged sevent\ -nine, h\ing in lielvillc, Kansas, retired; Alvin, 
who died at the age of twenty-one; John A., the immediate subject of this 
biographical rexiew ; Mrs. Marilia Anderson, who lives at Muskogee, Okla- 
homa; Jonathan, a dentist, of Troy, Kansas; Minerxa, who lives in Cham- 
paign county, Ihiimis. and Gracilla, who died in childhood. 

John A. Myers completed his elemenlar\ education in the public schools 
of Tuscarawas county, having been but twelve years of age when his family 
moved to that county, and supi)lemented the same by a course in Trenton 
Acadeni}-. after which he taught one term of school in ihe town of Newport, 




pnx) ^j^^^-e^ 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 225 

in his home county, in July. i(S()i, he enhsted in Company B, Fifty-first 
Regiment, Ohio \^olunteer Infantry, for service during the Civil War, and 
served until he was mustered out with his regiment in Texas in October, 
1865. His regiment was attached to the Army of the Cumberland and he 
participated in all the great ba_ttles in which his division of that army was 
engagetl, including Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, 
Stone's River and in the Atlanta campaign, aiding in the taking- of that 
city, and then at the battles of Franklin and Nashville, and in all this severe 
service never received a wound. 

At the close of the war, John A. Myers returned home and resumed his 
vocation in the school room and for two years taught school in the neighbor- 
hood of his home, during his vacations w^orking on the home farm. In 1867 
he came to Kansas and for a year was engaged in teaching at White Cloud, 
after which he returned to Ohio. He was married in 1871 and went to 
Urbana. Champaign county, Illinois, where he opened a brick factory and 
also operated a private grain elevator. In 1879 he returned to Kansas and 
for a time stopped at Hutchinson, but did not then make that place his 
permanent place of abode, instead going on to Doniphan county, where for 
three years he conducted a general store in the village of Leona. In 1882 
he returned to Hutchinson and there he has resided ever since. Upon his 
arrival in Hutchinson, Mr. Myers at once became a prominent factor in the 
development of the cattle business hereabout. He engaged extensively in 
the buying and selling of cattle and was one of the first men to ship cattle 
from this section. In 1884 he bought a farm in Reno township, where he 
lived until 1907, in which year he returned to Hutchinson and retired from 
the more active pursuits, though still continuing, more or less, his activities 
in the real-estate market in which he had been engaged from the time of his 
arrival in this county. Mr. Myers has bought and sold a great deal of real 
estate in his time and has been a heavy investor, coming to be regarded as 
one of the leading capitalists hereabout. He also has given considerable 
attention to various other local enterprises and some of these interests he 
still retains, being now vice-president of the Haines-Miller Wholesale Paint 
Company and a director of the Mutual Building and Loan Association of 
Hutchinson. 

On May 4, 1871, John A. Myers was united in marriage to Mary L. 

Frediebur, who was born in Ohio, and to this union six children have been 

born, namely: Rev. Howard Myers, a minister of the Christian church at 

Clyde, Kansas; Josephine, who died at the age of thirteen months; lessie. 

(15a) 



226 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

who married Arthur Dade and lives in Hutchinson; Frank, a farmer, of 
Reno township, this county ; Ernest, a civil engineer at Dallas, Texas, and 
kriynidnd, of Hutchinson, a well-known tra\eling- salesman. The Myers 
family resides at ii.^ Avenue B, west, in Hutchinson, a very pleasant and 
hospitable home. 

Mr. M_\crs is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and for 
years has taken an active interest in the affairs of the local post. He also 
has given much of his attention to the political affairs of the coimty and 
for seven years served as a member of the board of county commissioners, 
first having been elected on the Populist ticket and then on the Democratic 
ticket. He was a member of the board which directed the erection of the 
present Reno count}' court house and in such a business-like and economical 
manner were the details of that transaction managed by the board that it 
was unnecessary for the county to float a bond issue to provide for the same, 
a most unusual record of efficiency in the management of the public business. 



FRANK D. HAMH^TON. 

h'rank D. Hamilton, one of the most progressive farmers of the Part- 
ridge neighl)orhood in Center township, this county, as well as one of the 
most popular and 1)est-informed men in that section, is a Hoosier, having 
been born in Washington county, Indiana, February ii, 1874, son of Benja- 
min andAMiranda (Bryant) Hamilton, both natives of that same county, 
members of pioneer families in southern Indiana, both of whom now are 
deceased. 

Benjamin Hamilton Wci.s the son of Daxid Hamilton, one of the early 
settlers of Washington county, Indiana, his parents having come from Ire- 
land and settled there at an early da)- in the settlement of that section of 
the IToosier state. Benjamin Hamilton grew u\) on the home farm in the 
hills of southern hi(haiia and. niion reaching manhood's estate, married and 
bought a farm of his own, on whicli lie and his family li\ed until 1S85, in 
which A'car he sold the place, and with his family came to Kansas, home- 
steading a farm in Finnev county. Xot long after honiesteading in h^inney 
conntv. Mr. Hamilton sold a rehn(|uishnient of his right and came to Reno 
countv, buying a quarter section of land in ("enter townshi]i, a mile west and 
a mile northof the village of Partridge, where he lived until his wife's death 
in June, 1901, at the age of fifty-six years, after which he made his home 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 22/ 

with liis son, (he sulijcct of this sketch, llie remainder of liis life, his death 
occiirrinL;- on .\o\eml)er 9, 1907. r>enjaniin Hamilton was an excellent 
car])cnter and durini^- his residence in this county spent most of his time as 
a Imildins^' contractor, lea\ing' the cnltixation of the farm to his sons. He 
did a i^^reat deal of carpenter work in Hutchinson and among the buildings 
erected l)y him in the more immedi.'ite neighborhood of his established home 
was the fine school building at Partridge. He was a Democrat and he and 
his wife were members of the Congregational chiu'ch, in which faith their 
children were reared. b\:)ur children were born to them as follow : John, 
who resides on the old home place in Center township; Addie, now deceased, 
who married David Brown; Frank D., the subject of this sketch, and Zella, 
who married George Coffey and li\'es in Jackson county, Indiana. 

Frank D. Hamilton was eleven years of age when he came with his 
parents to Reno county and completed the course in the schools at Part- 
ridge. Until his marriage in 1896 he made his home on his father's farm, 
assisting in the labors of the same, and then for four years rented the Oscar 
Wespe farm in Center townshi]). making his home there. In the spring of 
1904 he bought the farm he had been renting, erected a new house and barn 
and otherwise improved the same and has since made his home there. ha\- 
ing one of the best-kept and most effectively cultivated farms in the neigh- 
l.orhood, among the many improvements being an excellent orchard. In 
1913 Mr. Hamilton bought an "eighty" adjoining his place on the east and 
is now recognized as one of the most substantial farmers in that section. 
He is a J3emocrat, though somewhat independent in his political views: 
regarding local affairs, voting for the candidates he regards as better fitted 
for the duties of the office sought, rather than because of their particular 
party affiliation, and ever has taken a good citizen's interest in local civic 
aft'airs, though not himself an office seeker. 

On October 14, 1896, Frank D. Hamilton was united in marriage to 
Addie Sims, who was born in Jackson county, Indiana, daughter of John C. 
and Sarah Sims, who left Indiana about 1885 and came to Kansas, locating 
on a farm in Center township, this county, where ]\Ir. Sims died in 19 10 
and where his widow is still living. Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton take an earnest 
interest in the general affairs of the neighborhood and are held in high 
regard hy their many friends thereabout. Mr. Hamilton is a member of the 
lodge of the Independent Order of Odd h'ellows at Partridge and takes a 
warm interest in the affairs of that popular organization. Mrs. Hamilton 
is a member of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union and Ladies Aid 
Society. 



228 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

JAM1':S WILLIAM SMITH. 

James William Smith, better known to his friends throughont this 
count}- as "Will" Smith, a well-known and progressive farmer of Sumner 
township and proprietor of a fine farm in the Haven neighborhood, is a 
native-born Hoosier, Init has lived in Reno county since he w^as eighteen 
years old and is very properly regarded as one of the pioneers of this county. 
He was born on a farm in Grant county, Indiana, December 31, 1859, only 
son of Tchabod and Mary (Simpson) Smith, both natives of that same state, 
the latter born in the city of Terre Haute. 

Ichabod Smith grew up on an Indiana farm and after his marriage 
bought a farm in Grant county and was engaged in farming when the Civil 
War l^roke out. He enlisted for service in Company C, Eighty-ninth Regi- 
ment. Indiana A^ilunteer Infantry, and served for three years in the Army 
of the Alississippi, seeing much hard service, particularly during the Red 
River campaign, and was w^ounded tv/ice. Upon the completion of his 
military service he returned to his farm and later moved tO' the nearby town 
of Jonesboro, where his wife died in 1874, at the age of thirty-three years. 
Mr. Smith did not remarry and the next year, in November, 1875, he and 
his son. Will, then a sturdy lad of sixteen years, drove through from their 
home in Indiana to Kansas, locating for a time in Sedgewick county. In 
1877 they came over into Reno county and the elder Smith homesteaded the 
northwest (|uarter of section 18 in Sumner township, where he and his son 
threw up a sod house, half dug-out, and began to "bach." Both worked 
side by side in the labor of developing the homestead and prospered from 
the very beginning of their operations. When Will Smith reached his 
majority he bought the relin([uishment of a homestead claim to a quarter 
of a section adjoining that of his father and the tw^o thus had in that one 
tract a full half section. In 1883 they began to engage extensively in the 
cattle business, renting additional lands for grazing purposes, and prospered 
largely in this line, cuntinning in the cattle business until 1895, in which 
year the}' >()ld iheii- farm> to adxantage. Ichabod Smith continued making 
his home in Renn count}' until i(.io7, in which year he moved to San Diego, 
California, when' he is now lixing in comforta1)lc retirement at the age of 
seventy-eight. During his residence in this count}- he was active in local 
affairs and was one of the leading pioneers of his part of the count}^ He is 
a Republican and took a ])rominent part in the councils of his party in this 
countv. For eight years he was trustee of Sumner township and in various 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 2 2(.) 

ways gave tlic full strcni;th of his inllncncc and energy to the advancement 
of the comninn go,.d. lie is a nifniber of the Methodist church. 

-After selling his farm in iS()5 Will Smith rented other lands and cfjn- 
tinned his farming oj^erations. lie married in i8q6 and in igoo bought 
the northwest quarter of section 3 in Sumner township, which he has greatly 
improved and where he ever since has made his home, being regarded as 
one of the most substantial farmers in that neighborhood. He has not gone 
in much for cattle raising of late, but gives considerable attention to the rais- 
ing of Poland China hogs. Mr. Smith takes an earnest interest in neighbor- 
hood affairs and is ser\ing very efificiently as vice-president of the Sumner 
Telephone Association, an organization of farmers in that part of the count\\ 
He is a Republican and takes a warm interest in civic aiTairs, but has never 
l)een included in the ottice-seeking class. 

On February 2y. 1896, Will Smith was united in marriage to Miranda 
Eabling, who was born in Mandato, Marshall county, Indiana, in 1871, 
daughter of John F. and Catherine Eabling. wdio came to Kansas in 1872, 
settling in Harvey county, later coming to Reno county and settling on a 
farm in section 6, Sumner township, where ]\Ir. Eabling spent the remainder 
of his life and where his widow is now living. To Mr. and Mrs. Smith five 
children have been ]x)rn, namely: Harold D., liorn in 1898, now a student 
in the county high school at Nickerson ; Ralph E., 1899; Lloyd F., 1901 : 
Mary C, 1904, and Opal May, 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are members 
of the United Brethren church and take an active interest in all neighbor- 
hood wood works. 



ADELCERT M. NETTLETON. 

Adell)ert 'M. X^ettleton, well-known printer at Hutchinson, former 
editor and proprietor of the Hiitcliinson Gazette and for years actively 
identified with the printing-trades industrv in this state, is a native of Illi- 
nois, born near the town of Woodstock, in McHenry county, that state, July 
2y, 1859, son of Henrv T. and Jane (Rogers) Nettleton, the former of 
whom was born in Middlesex county, Connecticut, and the latter at Chardon, 
in Geauga county, Ohio. 

Henry T. Nettleton was reared in his native state and learned the trade 
of carpenter and cabinet-maker. When a young man he came West and in 
the early ilfties located in the neighborhood of Woodstock, the county seat 
of McHenry county, in the northern part of Illinois, northwest of Chicago, 



230 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and there rcmaiiK'cl until October of 1S78, when, w itli his family he came to 
Kansas and settled in I'lnvnee county, northwest of Larned, where he home- 
steaded the sontliwcst (|n.arter of section 12, township 20, range 19, and 
there established his home, becoming- one of the most substantial pioneers 
of that section.- On that homestead farm Henry T. Nettleton spent some 
years, and upon retiring from the active laliors of the farm moved to 
Larned, where his deadi occurred on December 26, 1893. His widow, who 
still survives, is now making her home at Hutchinson, where she has lived 
for some years. She and her husband were the parents of six children. 

Adelbert ^^i. Nettleton received his schooling in the schools of Wood- 
stock, Illinois, and in the printing office in that town learned the rudiments 
of "the art prescr\-ati\'e of all arts," working at the printer's case there 
until he canie with liis parents to Kansas in the fall of 1878, he then being 
about nineteen vears of age. Shortlv after locating in Pawnee countv he 
homesteaded a quarter of a section adjoining his father's homestead and also 
entered a claim to a quarter of a section, under the provisions of the timber 
act, and there he engaged in general farming and cattle raising. In 1892 
he and liis ])rother went to Stafford, where they established the Peoples 
Paper, which, in February, 1896, they traded for the Gazette, at Hutchin- 
son, rmd moved to the latter city. Upon taking charge of the office of the 
Gazette they made numerous improvements in the equipment of the plant, 
making it one of the most modern and up-to-date printing plants in central 
Kansas. It was the Nettleton brothers who installed in Hutchinson the first 
type-setting machine seen in that city. The new building which they erected 
for the plant of the Gazette was the first cement-block building constructed 
in Hutchinson and is still standing at 121 Sherman avenue, east. In 1907 
the Nettleton brothers sold the Gazclte and since that time Adelljcrt M. 
Nettleton has continued his active connection with the ]:)rinting trades in 
Hutchinson, with the I Intchinson News Company, b^arl G. Nettleton died 
on July 1 (. 1907. 

During his long connection with die printing business in this state, Air. 
Nettleton ha-- C(jme into contact with many of ilic interesting figures of 
this section of Kansas. Among these may be mentioned Henry Inman, for 
wdiom Mr. Nettleton worked at Larned. Henry Tnnian, who will be remem- 
bered as a writer of stories of the Santa Fe trail, was succeeded in his work 
l)y Col. Dick Ballinger, v»'hose son. Richard Achilles Ballinger, became 
President Taft's secretary of the interior. While living at Dodge City. 
Mr. Nettleton became acquainted with "P.at" ?\Iasterson and nis brothers 
and with 'Alvsterious" Dave blather and D. M. Frost, the latter of whom 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 23 I 

was the proprietor of the first newspaper at that place and afterward was 
register of tiie land office at Garden City. Mr. Nettleton was an acquaint- 
ance of Mayor Webster, of Dodge C'ity. who became celebrated throughout 
this section for the summary manner with which he dealt with the crooks 
and ruffians within his jurisdiction. One of the men in whom Mr. Xettle- 
ton was much interested in those days was "Jim'' Kelly, an old government 
scout and the owner of the first opera house at Dodge City, known in the 
early days as "Kelly's Opera House"; also Chalk (Chalkley) Beeson, another 
old government scout and for many years leader of the famous Dodge City 
Cowboy Band. Perhaps the earliest pioneer of Ft. Dodge was R. M. 
Wright, who was a post trader at that point and who operated a big out- 
litting store there before the town was established. Capt. W. H. Strick- 
ler, more commonlv known by his pen name of "Julian de Llano," a cele- 
brated writer of Western poetry and songs, was one of the interesting men 
of these early days at Dodge City, whom Mr. Nettleton recalls with pleasure. 
On October I'j, 1910, at Kansas City, Missouri, Adelbert M. Nettleton 
was united in marriage to Myrtle Dillon, who was born near the city of 
Wheeling, West Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Nettleton have a very pleasant 
home at ^^7 North Jackson street, where they are very comfortably situ- 
ated. They are members of the Christian church and take a proper interest 
in the various beneficences of the same. Mr. Nettleton is "independent" in 
his political views and has never been a seeker after public office. 



ARTHUR L. SIEGRIST. 

Arthur L. Siegrist, an energetic and progressive young farmer of Salt 
Creek township, this county, and one of the best-known men in that section 
of the county, is the third of his generation successfully to engage in agri- 
culture in Reno county, his grandfather, the late John Siegrist, who was 
accounted one of the best farmers in the county, having become a large 
landowner here in 1876, and his father, Jaco1> L. Siegrist, who also has 
lived here since pioneer da}'s, is still one of the leading agriculturists of 
l^eno township. In a sketch relating to the latter, presented elsewhere in 
this volume, there is set out the history of the well-known Siegrist family 
in Reno county. 

Arthur 1.. Siegrist was born on the farm on which he still makes his 
home, July 3, 1880, son of Jacob L. and Al)l)ie A. (Biggs) Siegrist, who 



2^2 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

came to this county immediately after their marriage in Tazewell county, 
Illinois, in February. 1877. ]\lr. Siegrist was reared on the home farm in 
Salt Creek township, receiving his education in the district school in that 
neighborhood, which he supplemented by a course in a business college at 
Great Bend, this state. He remained at home until his marriage, in the 
spring of 1905. after which he rented the paternal acres in Salt Creek town- 
ship, a fine tract of two hundred and forty acres, his father meanwhile 
having moved to the farm of his venerable grandfather in Reno township, 
in order to take over the direction of the latter's extensive affairs, and there 
he has lived e\er since, doing \ery well, having been quite successful both 
as a general framer and as a stock raiser. One hundred and sixty acres of 
his home farm lies in Reno township, the remainder in Salt Creek township, 
and it is in the latter portion that he has his residence, a ven- comfortable 
and pleasant home, where he and his family live in quiet comfort. In addi- 
tion to this tract, which he rents from his father, he is the owner of an 
adjoining tract of eighty acres in Salt Creek township, which is also profit- 
ably cultivated by him. 

On February 22, 1905, Arthur L. Siegrist was united in marriage to 
Ora iMollie ^\'ildin, who also was born in this county, daughter of ^^'illiam 
and Celia Wildin, Reno county pioneers, now living retired in the city of 
Hutchinson, and to this union four children have been born, as follow : 
Florence, born in 1906; jNIarie, 1908; Helen, 1910, and Russell, 1912. Mr. 
and Mrs. Siegrist are earnest members of the Poplar Methodist Episcopal 
church and are interested in all good works thereabout. Mr. Siegrist is a 
Republican, as were his father and his grandfather before him, and gives 
his thoughtful attention to the political affairs of the county. He is a mem- 
ber of the ]\Iodern Woodmen of America and takes a warm personal interest 
in the affairs of that popular fraternal organization. 



GEORGE BARRETT. 



The late George Barrett, one of Reno county's pioneers and an early 
merchant of Hutchinson, who died at his pleasant home in that city on 
November 18. 1910, was a native of the great Empire state. He was born 
at Utica, Xew York. August 20, 1835, son of Joseph and Mercy (Miller) 
Barrett, whose last days were spent in Utica. Joseph Barrett was a manu- 
facturer of combs. He was twice married. His first wife died when the 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 233 

subject of this sketch was a child, leaving two sons, George and Daniel S., 
both now deceased, the latter of whom became a well-known artist at Utica. 
By his second union Joseph Barrett was the father of three sons. He and 
his wife were members of the Presbyterian church and their children were 
reared in that faith. 

George Barrett lived with his father until he was twenty-one years old 
and then went to New York City, where he entered the employ of the D. S. 
.Arnold Wholesale Notion Company and was thus engaged for a couple of 
years. He then, in 1859, married and went to Middletown, New York, 
where he established a dry-goods store, which he conducted until 1862, in 
which _year he went to Newburg, same state, and was there engaged in the 
grocery business until he sold out in 1873. The next year, in the summer 
of 1874, he and his family came to Kansas and settled in Reno county, 
arri\ing here on September 15, of that year. Mr. Barrett homesteaded a 
quarter of a section in Lincoln township, his wife's brother, Wilson Purdy, 
ha\'ing homesteaded a quarter of a section in the same township a few months 
previously. He remained on the farm until he had "proved up" his claim 
and then, in 1877, moved to Hutchinson, where he re-entered the mercan- 
tile business. He put in a stock of groceries in a building on Main street, 
the present site of Zinn's jewelry store, and was engaged in business there 
for a couple of years, at the end of which time, in 1879, he moved to Kansas 
City, Missouri, and established a grocery store there, at 803 ]\Iain street, 
where he continued in business until 1884. in which year he sold out there 
and went to Albuquerque, New Mexico. There he engaged in the retail pro- 
duce business, but two years later the state of his health compelled his retire- 
ment from business and in 1888 he returned to Hutchinson, built a house 
at 225 A avenue, east, one of the first houses erected on that street, and there 
lived retired until his death in 1910. His widow is still living there, enjoy- 
ing many evidences of the high regard in which she is held throughout the 
entire community. Mrs. Barrett is a member of the Methodist church and 
for years her husband was a deacon in the same. 

Mrs. Barrett w^as born Elizabeth J^ie Purdy. She is a native of New 
York, having been born in Ulster county, that state, May 10, 1836, daugh- 
ter of John S. and Loretta (Rhodes) Purdy, both natives of New York state. 
John S. Purd}' was a wagon- and carriage-maker and moved from Ulster 
county to Newburg, New York, where he carried on his vocation until his 
death in 1863. Elizabeth J. Purdy was given excellent educational advan- 
tages and became a teacher in the New York state school for the blind in 
New York City, where she was thus engaged for three years, or until her 



234 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

marriage, and ckiring which time she was closely associated with the famous 
l)liiKl hxnin writer, Fannie Crosby, \\ith ^\h()m she roomed for one year. It 
was on April 30, 1859, that she was vmited in marriage to George Barrett 
and to this union six children were born, as follow : Nelson T., a well- 
known rturist at Hutchinson, a liiographical sketch of whom is presented 
elsewhere in this volume; Ida ^I., who married Charles Pellette, of Hutchin- 
son, deputy county treasurer of Reno county; Carrie, who married Homer 
Myers, former treasurer of Reno county, now a banker at Sylvia, this county; 
Grace, who married Henry Zinn. proprietor of a jewelry store at Hutchin- 
son; Minnie, who married ]\I. J. Hosmer, a traveling salesman, of Hutchin- 
son, and Florence, who married Ernest Eastman, who is connected with the 
operations of the Carey Salt Company at Hutchinson. 



W'ILLIA:^! JOHNSTON VAN EMAN. 

No history of Reno county would be complete without fitting mention 
of the part William Johnston Van Enian and wife took in the early settle- 
ment of that part of Grove township now comprised in Bell township, which 
latter township was named in honor of the late Mrs. Van Eman, whose 
name, Isabella, ever was better known among her friends as "Belle." Will- 
iam J. Van Eman was one of the pioneers of this county and had begun to 
make his impress upon the earl\- life of this section when he fell a victim 
to one of the destructixe cyclones which swept this region in the latter 
seventies. His widow and her children kept the home place going and Mrs. 
\'an Eman continued to reside on the homestead, a most useful and influen- 
tial member of that community, until her retirement and removal to Flutchin- 
son, where she spent the remainder of her life, a prominent figure in the 
good works of that city. 

William Jtjhnston \'<m Eman was born in Stark county, Ohio, on July 
5, 1825, son of Abraham and ]\lary (Johnston) Van Eman. He was a 
business man in early life, a farmer after he came west. Fie married Isa- 
l)elle Davis, who was bom in I'ranklin county, Pennsylvania. March 8, 183 1, 
daughter of Robert and Hannah (Jameson) Davis. In 1852 he moved- to 
Richland county, Ohio, where he lived until 1857. in which year he moved 
to Ogle count V. Illinois, where he remained ten years, moving thence, in 
1867. to Stephenson county, same state, where he remainder until he came 
to Kansas and settled in Reno county in 1874. It was on February 27, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 235 

1874. that Mr. \'an I'^man and family arrived in liutchinson, then but a 
stragghng- \illage on the (h"eary plain. Lcaxing his I'aniiK- in the \-illagc, 
Mr. V^an Enian started out seeking a location and within the month had 
tiled on the southeast (juarter of section () in Grove township, that section 
now heing a part of the later organized township of Ikdl. At the same time 
he timber-claimed the northeast quarter of section 7, same township, and the 
famih' lost little time in establishing a home on the plains, quickly l)ecom- 
ing recognized as asuong the most substantial and influential members of 
that pioneer community. l\lr. \"an Eman took a prominent part in the 
organization of the civic body in that part of the county and was becoming a 
very well established farmer when he was killed in the cyclone that swept 
over that section of the county on May 17, 1878. 

Mrs. Van Eman and her children remained on the homestead farm and 
continued the work of developing the same, gradually creating a fine piece 
of property. When the rapid settlement of the community seemed to call 
for a sulxli vision of the civic organization up to that time known as Grove 
township, the new township was named Bell township, in honor of Mrs. 
Belle A'an Eman, fitting recognition of her valuable services in the com- 
munity and an affectionate expression of the high esteem in w^hich she was 
held by her pioneer neighbors. Tn the spring of 1884 Mrs. Van Eman gave 
up the active direction of her homestead alTairs and moved to Hutchinson, 
where she spent the rest of her life, continuing active in good works, her 
death occurring on March i, 1895. She was an earnest member of the 
Presbyterian church, as was her husband, who was an elder, and their chil- 
dren were reared in that faith. There were nine of these children, as fol- 
low : Robert Chalmers, born in Stark county, Ohio, August 11, 1849. ^ 
retired farmer, now living at Gorham, Illinois; Abram Wiley, born in Stark 
countv, Ohio, August i, 185 1, for years a well-known grocer at Hutchin- 
son, this county, who died on July 15, 191 3; Hannah Mary, born in Richland 
countv, Ohio, January 30, 1854, now living at Denver, Colorado, widow of 
W. S. Deisher, a real-estate dealer of that city, who died on December 16. 
191 1 ; Rufus Melanchton, liorn in Richland county, Ohio, March 14. 1856, 
a prospector, living at Eresno, California; Ettie Belle, born in Ogle county, 
Illinois, July 5, i860, who died in childhood; Anna Myrtie, born in Ogle 
county, Illinois, August 10, 1862, who is still living in Hutchinson; Charles 
Edwin, born in Ogle county, Illinois, May 9, 1865, foreman of the freight 
house of the Santa Ee railroad at Hutchinson; William Glenn, born in 
Stephenson county. Illinois, September 16. 1868, who died on January 2. 
1901, at Butte, Montana, where he was engaged in the newspaper business. 



236 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and James Logan, born in Stephenson conntv. Illinois, December 28. 1870. 
night agent at the Santa ¥e freight office in Hntchinson. Since 1905 the 
\'an Eman family residence has been maintained at 724 Sixth Avenue, east, 
a comfortable dwelling owned I)}' Miss Anna \"an Eman. Aliss \^an Eman 
is a member of the Presbyterian church, an earnest worker in the local 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union and devoted to all good works in 
her home town. 



^lARCELLUS AIOORE. 



!\Iarcellus ^loore. a well-known, progressive and well-to-do farmer of 
Lincoln township, this count}', long recognized as one of the leading citi- 
zens of the Darlow neighborhood, is a native of Maine, having been born 
on a farm near the citv of Bangor, in that state, April 5, 1845, son of 
Joseph and Rachel (Randolph) ^loore, both natives of that same state, 
the former born in 1825 and the latter in 1826, whose last days were spent 
in Illinois. 

Joseph Moore's father was a nati\"e of Ireland, who came to the United 
States as a young man and settled in the lumber region of Maine, where he 
married, reared his family and spent the rest of his life. Joseph Moore 
grew up to the life of the timber woods and in his turn became a lumber- 
man. He married Rachel Randolph, daughter of a neighboring farmer. 
\Valter Randolph, who had been kidnapped on the river Thames in England 
when a boy and brought to this country, where he grew to manhood in i\Iaine 
and became a farmer. * Joseph Moore lost a hand in the saw-mill in which 
lie was working in Maine and some time afterward moved with his family 
to Pennyslvania, in which state he operated a saw-mill for himself for four 
years, at the end of which time, in 1855, he moved with his family to Pike 
county, Illinois, where he bought an improved farm and there he and his 
wife spent die remainder of their lives, he dying in 1890 and she in 1895. 
long having been regarded as among the leaders in the life of the com- 
munity in which they lived so long. The mother was a member of the Con- 
gregational church and they were the parents of three children. Marcellus, 
the subject of this sketch ; Josephine, who married Simpson Capps. and 
Mrs. Theodosia \\'alker, the latter of whom is now deceased. 

Marcellus Moore was six years old when his parents moved from 
Maine to Pennsylvania, and in the latter state he attended school for a few 
months durino- the winters of his bovhood in the mountains near the lumber 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 237 

camp. He was ten years old when the faniil\' moved to IHinois and he there 
attended school in a room where ninety children were kept under the super- 
vision of one teacher, the school district in which he lived being an unus- 
ually crowded one. Being the only son, he early became his father's main- 
stay on the farm. He married in 1865 and continued making his home on 
the paternal farm, taking the practical management of the same on his own 
shoulders, this relieving his father of much of the labor of the place, and so 
continued until his father's death, after which he bought .the interests of the 
other heirs in the place and continued to make his home there until 1899, 
in which }-ear he sold the farm and came to Kansas with his family, locat- 
ing in Reno count\'. Upon coming to this county, Mr. Moore bought twc 
hundred and forty acres in Haven township and lived there for one year 
and ten months, at the end of which time he sold that place and bought the 
northwest quarter of section 24, in Lincoln township, where he ever since 
has lived, he and his family having a very pleasant and attractive place, the 
comfortable farm house and well-kept farm buildings being situated just 
one-half mile west of the pleasant village of Darlow. 

In addition to his home farm, Mr. Moore is the owner of a quarter of 
a section of fine land in Medford township and is principally engaged in 
grain farming, though he has taken much interest in maintaining one of the 
best herds of pure-bred O. I. C. hogs in that neighborhood. ]\lr. iMoore 
has ever taken an active interest in movements designed to advance the wel- 
fare of the farmers of that part of the county, and for some years served 
as treasurer of the farniers elevator at Darlow and has also for several 
years been one of the directors of the Darlow Telephone Companv. He is 
a Democrat in principle, though independent in the expression of his pre- 
ferences for candidates in local elections, ever reserving his right to vote 
for such candidates as he regards best fitted for the performance of the 
duties of public office. He has served in the past as school director and is 
now director of Lincoln township, giving his most thoughtful and intelli- 
gent attention to his public duties. 

On September 15, 1865, Marcellus Moore was united in marriage to 
Juliett Craig, who was born in Pike county, Illinois, daughter of Mitchell 
and Mary Craig, early settlers of that section of Illinois, and to this union 
nine children have been born, as follow : JMarcella, who married Charles 
Scheff and lives on a farm in Haven township, this county ; Theodore, prin- 
cipal of the high school at Griggsville, Illinois, married Sophia ^ladison 
and has one child, a daughter, Fannie; Ollie died, aged fourteen years; 
Rollin married Grace White and lives at Hutchinson ; Airs. May Kapps, 



27.8 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 



wife of a prosperous farmer of Tike county. Illinois; Eugene, a well-known 
farmer of Lincoln township, this county, who n.iarried Carrie Farthing; 
Fannie, who married Henry Dixon and lives in Vuma county, Colorado; 
Laura married Or\il Kimj), a farmer of Lincoln township, and Floyd, who 
wiih his little daughter, Doratha L.. child of his deceased wife, makes her 
home w ith hi> |>arents. Mr. and Mrs. Moore are members of the ^Methodist 
church at Elmer and are devoted to all good works in their neighborhood, 
being held in high regard thereabout. In September. 191 5. they celebrated 
their "golden wedding," an occasion of much felicitation on the part of 
their neighbors. 



GEORGE ZIMAIERMAN. 

George Zimmerman, a well-known farmer of Castleton township, this 
county, proprietor of a fine farm of two hundred and forty acres in the 
Castleton neighborhood, former townshij) trustee and a stockholder in the 
elevator company at Castleton. is a native son of Reno county, having been 
born on a pioneer farm in the neighborhood of his present home, August 
26, 1874, son of G. Milton and Priscilla (Carroll) Zimmerman, the former 
a native of Iowa and the latter of Pennsylvania, who became pioneers of 
this county and influential citizens of the Castleton neighborhood. 
'' G. Milton Zimmerman was born in the state of Iowa on Alarch 20, 
1849, soiV^of George K. and Rachel (Jones) Zimmerman, natives of Penn- 
sylvania, who moved to Iowa shortly after their marriage and established 
their home on a farm, many years later moving to Missouri and settling on 
a farm in the vicinity of Sedalia. where their last days were spent. They 
were active members of the Christian church and their children were reared 
in that faith. 'J'hey were the parents of nine children. Samuel B., ^Margaret, 
.\dclla. Augusta. Helen. G. Million. Harvey. Maud and \\'illiam. Of these 
children. Samuel B.. G. ^Milton and Harvey, came to Reno county, and took 
an active part in the pioneer life of this county. Judge Sanuiel B. Zim- 
merman was the first princi])al of the old Sherman school in Hutchinson, 
lujr years he was a prominent attorney of Llutchinson and for two terms 
served the countv as probate judge. !lai"\ey Zimmerman was also one of 
Reno county's pioneer scliool teachers and was thus engaged here for sev- 
eral years, but later moved away. 

G. ?iIilton Zimmerman received an excellent education in his native state, 
having supplemented his common-school education by a course in the college 



RKNO COUI^ITY, KANSAS. 2^9 

at Iowa City, and tor several years taui^ht school there hefore niovini( to 
Missouri with his ])arents. lie came to Reno county in 1872 with his 
brothers and taut^hl one term oi" school here, .\fter looking over the ground 
he decided to make his home here and with that end in view returned to 
Missouri for a wife. There he married Priscilla Carroll, who was bom in 
rennsylvania on January 11. 1850, daughter of George and Elizabeth 
(Henderson) Carroll, both natixes of Pennsylvania, the former of whom 
was born at WY'st Alexandria in 1824 and the latter in 1826, and who were 
the parents of tive children, Priscilla, Anna, John, Emma and Elizabeth. 
The mother of these children died in 1859 and George Carroll married, 
secondly. Ruth Ray, who was born at P>ethany, Virginia, which second 
union was without issue. Georg-e Carroll was the son of William and 
Priscilla (Israel) Carroll, the former a native of Ireland, who settled in 
Maryland, later mo\ing to West Maryland, Pennsylvania, where he fol- 
lowed his trade as a tailor until his death. George Carroll was a soldier 
during the Civil \Var and at the close of the war moved to Missouri, set- 
tlmg on a farm in Pettis coiinty. where he spent the remainder of his life, 
his death occurring on Decehiber 30, 1892, at the age of sixty-eight. G. 
Milton Zimmerman was about twenty-five years old when he and his wife 
came to Reno county from Missouri. Upon his arrival here he homesteaded 
a tract of land east of the present site of Pretty Prairie, but presently sbld 
that farm and bought a quarter section in Castleton township, one-half mile 
from the village of Castleton, and there established his home. To him and 
his wife were born four children, of whom the subject of this sketch is the 
eldest, the others being Anna, who married Frank Mohr; INIilton E., of 
Sterling, this state, and Ruby, a teacher in the Hutchinson public schools, 
with whom her mother is now living in that city, their home being at 311 
Sixth street, east. 

George Zimmerman was reared on the home farm in Castleton town- 
shi]) and received his education in the common schools. After his marriage, 
in 1900, he nuned to his present place, being the owner there of a fine farm, 
and in addition to his own extensive farming operations manages his father's 
farm. He takes an active interest in the general affairs of the community 
and is one of the stockholders of the elevator company at Castleton. For 
vears he has been a member of the school board and for four years 'ser\'ed 
as township trustee. 

On November 12, 1900, George Zimmerman was united in marriage 
to Laura Button, born on Alay 26. i88t, in Missouri, daughter of A. T. 
Button and Nancy Phillips, who came to this county about 1890, and to this 



240 REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

union five children have been born, Rachel, born on June 4, 1902; John, 
October 28, 1904; Hazel, November 14, 1906; Ray, July 25, 1910, and 
Josephine, June 22, 1913. Mrs. Zimmerman's father was a well-known 
farmer of this county, who died in the summer of 1915. 



FRANK MAGWIRE. 



Frank JMagwire, an honored veteran of the Civil War, a wealthy retired 
farmer of tliis county, now living at Hutchinson; one of the real pioneers of 
Reno county, a former count}' commissioner and for many years active in 
the public affairs of this county, is a native of Vermont, having been born 
in the town of Brandon, that state, September 11, 1841, son of Frank G. 
and Melissa D. (Avery) JMagwire, the former a native of Connecticut and 
the latter of Vermont. 

Frank G. ]\Iagwire was trained to the trade of painter and as a young 
man went to \^ermont, where he married and established his home at 
Brandon. In his old age he retired to Rutland, A'^ermont, where he died in 
1884. being then eighty-four years of age. He was twice married, his first 
wife, the mother of the subject of this sketch, having died following the birth 
of the latter, leaving two other sons, Roderick, a house painter, who died 
at Terre Haute, Indiana, in 1910, he having moved to that place in 1865, 
and John, a veteran of the Civil War, a member of Company H, Fiftieth 
Regiment, \'ermont \'olunteer Infantry, who died from the effects of a 
wound received during the battle of Seven Pines. Frank G. Magwire mar- 
ried, secondly, Jerusha Stowel, and to that union two children were born, 
jMary M. and Emily Augusta, both unmarried, living at Hydeville, Vermont. 

The younger Frank Magwire was reared at Brandon, \^ermont, receiv- 
ing his education in the schools there, and was trained as a house painter. 
At seventeen years of age he left home and started out as a contracting 
painter on his own account. In the winter of 1860-61 he went to Michigan, 
settling in Shiawassee county, where he started to work at his trade, and in 
May, 1861, enlisted in Company G, Third Regiment. Michigan Volunteer 
Infantry, for service during the Civil War, and in June was in Washington, 
D. C. with that regiment, shortly thereafter being called on to participate 
in the battle of Blackburns Ford and in the first battle of Bull Run. The 
brigade to which the Third Michigan was attached was commanded by 
Colonel Richardson and covered the armv's retreat after the disastrous 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 24 1 

engagement rit Hull Run. Tn the following December Frank Magwire 
became ((iiite ill and recei\ed his honorable discharge on a physician's cer- 
tificate of disability. He spent that winter in Ohio and then returned to 
Michigan, where, in June. i8f)J. he enlisted in Company G, i-'ourth Mich- 
igan Cavalry, and served in that command until the close of the war, presently 
being promoted to the rank of sergeant and later first sergeant, which was 
his rank when he was mustered out at the termination of hostilities. The 
Fourth Michigan Cavalr}' was attached to the Army of the Cumberland and 
was constantly engaged in cavalry and raid duty, its record being written 
high on the scroll of fame. Sergeant Magwire thus had many thrilling 
experiences. For weeks at a stretch his regiment was engaged in almost 
ceaseless skirmishes with Joe \Mieeler and General Forrest. It was his regi- 
ment that opened the battle of Chickamauga and held Longstreet back all 
day while Rosecrans was coming up. He participated in the siege and 
battle of Chattanooga, lying on the left flank for two weeks in the breast- 
works at Atlanta. The Fourth Michigan Cavalry then was sent on to take 
part in Kilpatrick's raid on Jonesboro, and raided all around the Confederate 
army. After the fall of Atlanta they went to Nashville and fought under 
Hood, and from there went to Louisville to secure new mounts, being com- 
pelled to surround the town before the people would give up the required 
number of horses. The cavalrymen then started back to Nashville, but by 
that time the battle was over. They then took part in V\'ilson's big raid 
through Alabama and burned the town of Selma. It was at the battle of 
Selma that Sergeant Magwire became commander of his company, a position 
he retained until the regiment was mustered out. Though Selma fell in 
thirty-five minutes, one-sixth of the Union force was killed or wounded and 
one-fourth of the officers fell. After Selma the regiment pushed on to 
Irwin ville to capture Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States 
of America, and after having turned their prisoner over to the proper author- 
ities returned to Nashville, where they were mustered out. 

Upon the completion of his military service. Sergeant Magwire returned 
to Selma, Alabama, the town in whose destruction he had particii)ated, and 
for two years was engaged there in a carriage-painting sho|). He then 
returned to his former home at Jonesville, in Hillsdale county, Michigan, 
where he married, proceeding thence to Macomb, Illinois, where he opened 
a carriage-painting shop and also engaged in contract house painting, remain- 
ing there for three years, at the end of which time, in 1871, he came to 
Kansas by "prairie schooner" and settled in Reno county, arri\ing here in 
(i6a) 



242 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

August of that 3ear, being thus among the very earHest settlers of this 
county. Mr. Magwire entered a soldier's claim to the southwest cjuarter of 
section 26. in Clay township, and there established his home in a twelve- 
by-fourtecn pine shanty, which was his domicile until conditions presently 
were fitting for the erection of a more commodious residence. Air. Magwire 
early in his pioneer days came to the conclusion that grain crops were 
uncertain and began to give his chief attention to cattle raising, in which he 
engaged quite successfully for thirty-eight years. He presently enlarged his 
land holdings by the purchase of an adjoining quarter section, in addition 
to which half section he also owns a quarter section in the sand hills, and 
long has been regarded as one of the most substantial farmers of the county. 

]\Ir. Alagwire is one of the real pioneers of Reno county. He assisted 
in the organization of Clay township and was elected the first township 
treasurer, gaining his election on the Democratic ticket, he ever having been 
an ardent Democrat. He then was elected township trustee and for seven 
years served in that important ofiice. He circulated the petition which 
resulted in the establishment of a school district in the neighborhood and 
for ten years served as school director. He later served as justice of the 
peace in and for Clay township, and in 1885 was elected county commis- 
sioner of Reno count}', in which office he made a fine record. He did much 
toward the creation of proper social and economic conditions in the forma- 
tive period of that now well-established farming community and has been a 
witness of the passing of the old order hereabout. Mr. iMagwire,- in 1873, 
killed the last buffalo that was ever seen in Clay township. He remained on 
his ranch until his retirement in August, 1913, since which time he has 
made his home in Hutchinson, where he is very comfortably situated. He 
takes a keen interest in current affairs and for the past fifteen years or more 
each year has taken a trip to one or another of the distant points of interest 
in the United States. An ardent member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, for years an active member of Joe Hooker Post of that patriotic order, 
he has attended ten national encampments of the order and has ever taken a 
warm interest in the affairs of the same. He formerly was an active Mason 
and has always contributed to the support of the Presbyterian church, of 
which he is an attendant, though not an actixe member. 

Tn March, 1868, l^^rank MagAvire was united in marriage in Alichigan 
to Rosella J. T.ockwood, who was born in that state, daughter of Alanson 
and Dolly Lockwood, natives of New York, and to that union three children 
were born. Fred A., a machinist, who died in Montana on February 27, 
iqi6; Ella, who married George Turkic, now deceased, and she is now Wv- 



RENO COUNTY, KAXSAS. 243 

i'hl;- at Kent, tin's county, wlicrc she nianai^es the tower for the Santa I"'e 
raih-oad. and i'loy, who married I'mi. R. L. McCormick, who holds the 
chair of mathematics in I\ose rol}teclmic Institute at Terre Haute, Indiana. 
Mrs. kosella Magvvire (Hed on Noveniljer 26, 1885, and in 1888 Mr. Mag- 
wire married, secondly, Mrs. Bertha M. ( Rehn ) Steinhauser, who was horn 
in Canal Dover, Ohio, daughter of a German Methodist minister, and to 
this union one s(mi was horn, Frank !>., who married l^lstella Jones, and is 
now mana.tring a fanu at F.llenwc^od, Kiuisas. Bv her first marriage, Mrs. 
Magwire was the mcjther of one son, Clifford E. vSteinhauser, a railroad man 
living at Aberdeen, ^^^'lsh^ngton. Mrs. Bertha M. Magwire died on .\ugust 
10, ion. 



MERWIN BOLTON BANGS. 

The late Alerwin Bolton Bangs, one of the most brilliant and popular 
young men in Reno courity, whose death at his pleasant farm home in Lin- 
coln township in 1909 was the occasion of much sorrow among hi*s many 
friends in Llutchinson and throughout the county generally, w^as a native 
of New York City, where he was born on August 29, 1877, son of Dr. 
Lemuel B. and Frances (Edwards) Bangs, both natives of that same city, 
w^hose respective families had been represented in the social and cultural 
activities of the American metropolis for generations, the former of whom 
was a hrst cousin of the famous author, John Kendricks Bangs. 

Dr. Lemuel Bangs, whose death occurred in October, 1914, he then 
being seventy-two years of age, w^as for years one of the best-known sur- 
geons in New York City. Fie had followed a thorough course of instruc- 
tion in the medical schools of his home city by a course in the famous col- 
lege of surgeons in X'ienna and his lectures to medical students and contri- 
butions to medical magazines for vears were regarded as among the author- 
itative utterances of his profession. To him and his wife, Frances Edw^ards 
Bangs, three children were born, the subject of this memorial sketch having 
had two sisters, Mary E., unmarried, who makes her home in New York 
City, and lielen A., now- deceased, who married Nevin Sayre, whose brother. 
Francis B. Sayre is a son-in-law of President Wilson. Upon the death of 
the mother of these children, which occurred wdien the only son was about 
fifteen years of age. Doctor Bangs married, secondly, Isabelle Hoyt, to 
which union one child was born, a son, Nesbitt, wdio is now (1916) a student 



244 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

in Williams Colleg-e, who makes his home in Xew York Citv with his 
mother and his sister, Mary". 

Merwin B. Bangs was reared amid the most refined surroundings in 
his home in Xew V(^rk and after finishing the work in the pubhc schools was 
sent to the St. Paul pre]jaratory school at Hartford. Connecticut, where he 
prepared for entrance to Yale College, from which latter institution he was 
graduated in 1899, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Following his 
graduation he entered a broker's office in X'ew York and was thus engaged 
for a year, at the end of which time he became attracted by the possibilities 
of ranch life in the West and came to Kansas. He bought a ranch of 
twelve hundred acres near Greensburg, in Kiowa county, stocked the same 
and operated it successfully for four years, at the end of which time, in 
1904. he sold the ranch to advantage and came to Reno county, where he 
bought a fine farm of two hundred and forty acres in Clay township. The 
next year he married and made his home in Hutchinson, where, in partner- 
ship with J. X. Baile}-, he engaged in the real-estate business, though still 
keeping his farm. In the spring of 1909 Mr. Bangs withdrew from the 
real-estate business and lx)ught the northeast cjuarter of section 18, Lincoln 
township, sinee made a portion of Yoder township, and there established his 
home, taking much pleasure in the thought of the many improvements he 
had projected for the place. Unhappily, he was not permitted to see the 
fruition of these plans, for death came to him before the year was out, 
December 25, 1909. he then being but thirty-two years of age. 

On Xovember 8, 1905. IMervin B. Bangs was united in marriage to 
Minette Alice Dewey, who was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, daughter of 
Edward and jNlinette (Sloan) Dewey, the former of wdiom was born in 
W'illiamstown. Massachusetts, and the latter in X'ew York state. Edward 
Dewey was reared in Massachusetts and as a boy studied medicine, with the 
expectation of becoming a physician, and was graduated from Williams 
Collesre at the earlv aije of sixteen vears in 1861. He then enlisted for 
service in the Union army during the Civil War and served as a member of 
one of the Massachusetts regiments until the close of the war. after which, 
his intention to become a physician having l)ecome changed during the time 
of his military experience, he located in Chicago and after spending two 
years there went tn Milwaukee, where he ever since has been engaged in 
business, long having been the head of the wholesale grocery firm of Edward 
Dewev & Company, one of the most extensive and progressive concerns of 
its kind in the Northwest. Not long after locating in Milwaukee, Mr. 
Dewev was united in niarriage. at Beaver Dam, same state, to Minette 



RKNO COUNTY, KANSAS. 245 

Sloan, who. as a child had moved to that i)]acc with her parents, prominent 
pioneers of that citv, and to this union four children were horn. hVancis 
K., who is in l)usiness with his father in Milwaukee; I'.liza, who married 
George T'crnic and li\es on a ranch in Lincoln townshi]). this county; Min- 
ette Alice, who married Mr. P.angs, and Sloan, who is engag-ed in business 
with his father in Milwaukee. 

To Merwin B. ^Minette A. (Dewey) Bangs two children were horn, 
sons Ix^th, Merwin Bolton, i)r)rn on October 7, 1906, and Edward Dewey, 
March 28. igio. Mrs. Bangs is a member of the Episcopal church at 
Hutchinson, oF which her late husband also was an earnest member, and 
takes an active interest in all good works hereabout, being held in the high- 
est esteem b\ the many friends she has made since coming to this county. 
Since her husband's death she has continued to make her home on the 
farm, to the operation of v.hich she gives her personal attention. 



JOHN MILTON DAMES. 

John Milton Davies was born on July 19, 1873, in Guernsey county, 
Ohio, the son of Hiram and Sarah (Slack) Davies, both of whom were 
natives of that county. Hiram Davies was a coal miner in Ohio, and 
moved to Sumner county, Kansas, in 1884, where he lived for one year. 
He then moved to Lawrence county. Missouri, and lived on a farm for 
."■ome time, after which he removed to Monett, Missouri, and worked as a 
machinist in tht' 'Erisco railroad shops. Mr. Davies is still living at Monett. 
His wife, Sarah (Slack) Davies, died in 1907, at the age of sixty-six 
years. She was an earnest member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in 
which denomination Hiram Davies still takes an active interest. 

Hiram and Sarah (Slack) Davies were the parents of seven children, 
as follow: John Milton, the subject of this sketch; Edgar, who was killed 
in a railroad accident in North Dakota ; Harry, who is an engineer on the 
"Erisco railroad, lives at Monett, Missouri; Charles, who was an engineer, 
was killed on a railroad in Texas; Pearl dietl in 1903, at the age of twenty' 
vears; May, deceased, was the wife of a Mr. Ulman ; Loyal is attending 
college in Morrisville, Missouri. 

John M. Davies attended the elementary schools in Ohio for a few 
years, and later had several years training in the schools of Kansas and 
Missouri. While living in Lawrence county, Missouri, he assisted his father 



246 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

with tlic work of the farm. After the family had moved to Monett he 
secured employment in the cH\isi()n offices of the 'Frisco lines, and later 
worked as a l)rakeman on that railroad. ^Ir. Davies then went to the zinc 
mines at Oronogo, Missom'i, and was working there when he met with an 
accident through wliich he lost a hand and an eye. Mr. Davies was mar- 
ried in 1903, and in 1907 he and his wife came to Reno county, Kansas, 
wdiere Mr. Davies w'orked for his father-in-law, Ulysses Hendrickson, wdio 
owned a farm of two hundred and forty acres in Salt Creek township. In 
1912 AFrs. Davies inherited the farm, and since that time the farm house 
has heen remodeled, so that Mr. and Mrs. Davies now have a comfortable, 
modern home. 

On October 22, 1903, at Oronogo, by Rev. James Sullens, John Milton 
Davies was united in marriage to Grace Hendrickson, who was born in 
Jasper county, Missouri, the daughter of Ulysses and Mary J. (Cochran) 
Hendrickson. To this union have been born two children : Gordon, who 
was born on June 19, 1905, and Loyal, wdio w^as born on March 12, 1907. 

Ulysses Hendrickson was born on April 24, 1832, in Holmes county, 
Ohio, and died on May 19, 1912. He was the son of Samuel and Sarah 
( Wetherby) Hendrickson. The Hendrickson family w-as long prominent 
in [Maryland and was represented among the pioneers in Holmes county, 
Ohio, where Samuel Hendrickson was born. In 1846 he removed to Linn 
county, Iowa, and settled on government land. He went to Jasper county, 
Missouri, in 1866, and there died at the age of eighty-three years. He was 
a Mason. 

Sarah \\"eatherby was born in Massachusetts and was reared in Ohio. 
She died in Missouri, at the age of seventy years. Her father, John 
Weatherby, w^as one of the early settlers of Holmes county, Ohio, and was 
of linglish descent. Samuel and Sarah (Weatherby) Hendrickson were 
the parents of eight children, as follow: ATarietta, Martha, Ulysses, Lucre- 
tia, Tantha, Andrew b, Melvina, who married J. W. Ilawn ; James W. 

Ulysses Hendrickson received his early school training in Holmes 
county, Ohio. He was fourteen vears old wlien the family mo\cd to Linn 
county, Iowa, and there lie attended school in the log school house on Otter 
creek. He was an :\\A student and with reading and travel in later life 
ac(|uired a 1)road education. lb; endured tin- hardships of pioneer life in a 
sod house in Iowa, and lived at lionie until his marriage, in 1855. After 
farming for a few years in Fayette county, Iowa, he moved to Jasper 
countv. [Missouri, and bought forty acres of land in Mineral township, 
three miles west of Oronogo. and tliere erected a cabin sixteen by eighteen 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 247 

feet. He subsequently increased his land holdings in Missouri to four 
hundred acres. In 1874 Ulysses Hendrickson was elected sheriff of Jasper 
county, Missouri, and went to live at Carthage, the county seat. When his 
term of office had expired he returned to the farm until 1890, when he was 
elected to the Missouri state Senate, from the twenty-eighth district. He 
served four years in the Senate, after which he located in the town of 
Oronogo, where he bought a fine residence in 1897. He was an ardent 
Democrat. Later, Mr. Hendrickson came to Reno county and here he died. 

On September 26, 1855, Ulysses Hendrickson was united in marriage 
with Mary J. Cochran, who was born on February 28, 1837, in Pickaway 
county, Ohio, the daughter of George and Hannah (Ward) Cochran, both 
of whom were natives of Ohio. Mrs. Hannah Cochran died when Mary J. 
was one year old. Mrs. Mary J. Hendrickson died in Reno county, June 3, 
1913. Ulysses and Mary J. (Cochran) Hendrickson were the parents of 
six children, as follow : Commodore Perry, retired, of Hutchinson, Kan- 
sas; John B., of Hutchinson; lantha, wife of Thomas R. McLaughlin, a 
retired farmer of Hutchinson; Minerva, who married Harvey Nance; 
Grace, wife of John M. Davies, and Cole C. 

John Milton Davies is a Democrat, and has been elected by that party 
to a place on the local school board. He is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. Mr. and Mrs. Davies are interested in every meas- 
ure calculated to advance the welfare of Reno county, and have many 
friends in their home neighborhood. 



J. S. THURMAN. 



J. S. Thurman, superintendent of the great Viles plantation in Medora 
township, this county, is a native of Illinois, born in Fulton county, that 
state, February 8, 1870, son of Stephen and Margaret (Snodgrass) Thur- 
man, the former also a native of Illinois and the latter of Ohio. 

Stephen Thurman was Ijorn on Feljruary 26, 1830, and is still living, 
long having made his home in Butler county, this state. He is an honored 
veteran of the Civil War, having served for three years and eight months 
as a member of Company A, Forty-seventh Regiment, Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry; and during the service was shot three times, still carrying a bullet 
in his thigh. The Fortv-seventh Illinois saw much active service, and Mr. 
Thurman was right in the thick of the most of it. Upon the completion of 



248 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

his military scr\ice lie resumed his life as a farmer in llUnois and remained 
there until 1884. in which year he chartered two cars and moved to Kansas, 
settling in Bntler county. He bought a quarter of a section of partly 
improved land and there established his home. His wife died in 19 13, at 
the age of seventy-three years. She was a member of the Dunkard church ; 
he had been reared a Quaker. Thex were the parents of five children, of 
whom the subject of this sketch v>'as the youngest, the others being as fol- 
lo\\- : Levi H., who lives in Oklahoma; Edward, who lives in Cherokee 
county, this state ; C. G.. who lives in Fulton, Illinois, and Sarah C, who 
married J. C. Cook and lives near Larned, this state. 

J. S. Thurman received his early schooling in the schools of his native 
count}- in Illinois and vas fourteen years old when he came to Kansas 
with his parents in 1884. He grew up on the home farm in Butler county, 
assisting in the labors of developing the same, and remained there until 
his marriage, in 1888, at the age of nineteen years, after which he bought 
a farm of tw^enty-eight acres near the town of Keighley, rented another bit 
of land adjoining and was extensively engaged in market gardening for 
thirteen years, or until IQOI, in which year he came to Reno county and 
settled at Aledora, v.-here for six years he served as foreman of the raihvay 
section at Medora, in the employ of the 'Frisco Railroad. In 1907 he was 
made joint car inspector for the Rock Island and the 'Frisco at Medora and 
served in that capacity for something more than a year, at the end of wdiich 
time he engaged in the hotel business in that same town, operating a retail 
store in connection with the same. In 1909 he sold his hotel and store and 
accepted the position of section foreman for the Rock Island railroad at 
Groveland, which position he held until September, 19 10, when he received 
the appointment to his present position of su|>erintendent of the eight-hun- 
dred-acre plantation of James \'iles, in IMedora township, this county, 
where he ever since has lived. This great jjlantation is devoted almost wholly 
to the raising of catalpa trees, the first stand of which was set out twelve or 
thirteen years ago. In the winter of 1915-16 ]\Ir. Thurman cut out one 
hundred thousand trees, the same to be converted into posts, thus thoroughly 
demonstrating the value of catalpa culture in this county. Mr. Thurman 
is a Republican and takes an active interest in ])olitical affairs, having been 
township treasurer for the past four or five years. 

On June 30, 1888, J. S. Thurman was united in marriage to Alartha 
L. Easton, who was born in Mercer county, Missouri, daughter of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Easton, the former of whom was a transfer man, and both 
of whom are now deceased, and to this union eleven children have been 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. J .[C) 

l)orn, all of whom are H\ino^ save Viola, the second in order of birth, who 
died in infancy, the others beini;- as follow: Nola, who married E. Kinley 
and li\-es in I"^)rd connty, Kansas; Vina B., who married George Shea and 
lives on a farm in AJedora township, this county; Nettie, who married A. G. 
Johnson, night telegraph operator at the junction at Medora ; William, who 
assists his father on the plantation ; Dewey, also an assistant to his father, 
and Virgil, Ixe, Opal, O'Neal and Austin, wdio are still in school. Mr. and 
Mrs. Thurman are members of the Brethren church and their children have 
been reared in that faith. Mr. Thurman is a member of the Knights of 
the Maccabees and takes a warm interest in the affairs of that order. 



WILLIAM H. MILLER. 

William H. iMiller, one of the real pioneers of Reno county, for years 
a prosi)erous and w^ell-known farmer of Troy township, now living com- 
fortably retired in a pleasant home in Hutchinson, enjoying the ample re- 
wards of a life of well-directed industry, is a native of Iowa, having been 
born on a farm in \\'a])ello county, that state, July i6, 1849, son of John 
and Sophia (Walworth) Aliller, the former a native of Pennsylvania and 
the latter of New York state. 

John Miller was reared on a farm and was married in New York 
state, later emigrating to Indiana, wdiere he began developing a fine farm, 
but presently a cloud was discovered on his title to the same and he was 
ousted on a legal technicality, after which he mo\ed farther west and settled 
in Illinois, where he remained until 1846. About the time he settled in Illi- 
nois the Black Hawk War broke out and he served in that brief but con- 
clusive struggle. In the summer of 1846 he and his family drove through 
by ox-team to Iowa and settled in >Vapello county. There John Miller 
pre-empted a half section of "Congress land,'' on which he lived until 1855, 
in which vear he sold out and nio\'ed to Decatur county, wdiere he bought a 
quarter of a section of land and there spent the remainder of his life, his 
death occurring in the s])ring of 1874, he then being seventy-eight years of 
age. His widow survived him for nearly eighteen years, her death occur- 
ring in February, 1892, at the age of eighty-six. They were the parents of 
nine children, three sons and six daughters, of whom the subject of this 
sketch was the youngest that grew to maturity, and of wdiom three are now 
living, he having a brother, Henry, who still makes his home in Decatur 



250 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

coiintv, Iowa, and a sister. i\Iarv. Avidow of Henry ]\IcVav, living- in \\\ivne 
count)', that same state. 

\\'illiam H. ]\[iller was about six years old when his parents moved 
onto the frontier farm in Decatur county, Iowa, and there he grew to man- 
hood. The nearest school, house being about three miles from his home, his 
early opportunities for schooling were limited. In the spring- of 1872 he 
married a daughter of Zeno Tharp. a prominent farmer of that neighbor- 
hood, who, that same spring, came to Kansas and pre-empted a homestead 
in Reno county, and in the spring of 1873 Mr. Aliller and his wife accom- 
panied the other members of the Tharp family to this county, arriving here 
on April 3. William H. ^filler homesteaded the northwest quarter of sec- 
tion 20. in Troy township, and was thus one of the three earliest settlers of 
that township, there being but one other family besides his and that of Mr. 
Thar]) in the township at that time. He built a sod house on his place, but 
during the first summer they lived there he and his wife continued to sleep 
in their ''prairie schooner," which had brought them down from Iowa. 
Their nearest neighbor was five miles distant. The buffaloes were still 
ranging the plains, and it was during that summer of 1873 that the great 
herd, noted in history as "the big herd," passed their place, the countless 
mass requiring fifty-four hours to pass a given point. Cash was scarce and 
hard to get throughout this section of Kansas in those days, and Mr. Miller, 
in order to obtain a bit of ready money, from time to time, gathered buffalo 
bones up off the plains and hauled them to Hutchinson, where he received 
about six dollars a ton for the same. 

Mr. Miller and his wife remained on their original homestead about 
four years, at the end of which time they sold that place and bought the 
northeast quarter of section 10, in Troy township, where they established 
their permanent home and v.here they lived until their retir:ement and 
removal to Hutchinson in 1908. ^Ir. Miller was a progressive and ener- 
getic farmer and made a success of his business, gradually enlarging his 
land holdings until he became the owner of six hundred and eighty acres in 
Troy township and was regarded as one of the most substantial farmers in 
that part of the county. Al,>out i88g he became extensively engaged in the 
cattle business and so continued until his retirement from the farm, being 
also quite successful as a stockman. Mr. r^liller has always 1ieen a stead- 
fast Republican and for years was looked upon as one of the leaders in 
the partv in Troy township, a constant attendant at party conventions and 
otherwise active in the afifairs of his party. For years he served as school 
director in his home district and also served for some time as township 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 25 I 

treasurer. In U)oi'> lie retire(l from tlie active labors of the farm and moved 
to Hutchinson. He bought a house at 225 Sixth avenue, west, and there he 
and his wife are very pleasantly situated. 

On February 11, 1872, in Decatur count}-, Iowa, William II. 
Miller was united in marriage to Catherine Rose Tharp, who was born on a 
farm near A\'inchester, Indiana, daughter of Zeno and Christina (Fry) 
Tharp, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Germany. Zeno Tharp 
was born in Ashland, Ohio, May 20, 1827, and grew to manhood on a farm. 
When a }-oung man he went over into Indiana and settled in Jay county, 
where he married Christina Fry, who was born in Germany in 1835 and 
who was but five years old when her parents came to the United States, 
settling in Jay county, Indiana. About 1853 Zeno Tharp and his family 
emigrated to Iowa, settling in Decatur county, that state. Wdien the Civil 
War broke out Mr. Tharp enlisted in Company K, Fifty-third Regiment, 
Iowa Volunteer Infantrv, and served for ten months, at the end of which 
time he was dischorged on a physician's certificate of disability, illness 
incapacitating him from further service. In 1872 Zeno Tharp came to 
Kansas and in November of that year filed on a half section of land in Troy 
township, this county. The next spring- he brought his family here and 
established his home. He also bought a half section of railroad land and 
it was not long until he was accounted one of the most substantial farmers 
and stockmen in the county. Mr. Tharp was very active in the general 
affairs of the community during pioneer days and it is generally agreed that 
no man had more influence in the days of the early development of the 
southern part of the county than he. In 1902 he retired from the active 
labors of the farm and moved to Hutchinson, where his last days were spent. 
He and his wife were the parents of ten children, six of whom are living, 
of whom Mrs. Miller is the eldest, the others being Mary, who married 
Harry Wright and li\-es in Hutchinson ; John, a farmer, who makes his 
home in Hutchinson; D. T., who lives at Nickerson, this county, and Flora, 
who lives at Hutchinson, and George, who lives on the old home farm. 

To William H. and Catherine Rose (Tharp) Miller three children have 
been born, as follow: Walter J., born in 1876, who married Laura Croas 
and lives in Troy township, this county; Cora A., 1877, who married A. F. 
Hood and also lives in Troy township, and Frank Z., 1880, who married 
Gladys Hambrick and also makes his home in Troy township, all substan- 
tial farmers and useful citizens of that part of the county. Mr. Miller is a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and both he and his wife 



2^2 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

are members of the Daughters of Rebekah. He also is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen and (^f the Fraternal Aid Society and in the affairs of 
all these organizations takes a warm interest. 



GEORGE ASTLE. 

George Astle, one of the lu^st-known farmers of Haven township, this 
County, an honored veteran of the Civil War and one of the pioneers of 
Reno count}', is a native of England, ha\ ing 1)een l3orn in the town of 
Melbourne. Derbyshire. October 21, 1842, son of Richard and Sarah ( Hib- 
bert ) Astle, ))oth nati\-es of Derbyshire, the former of whom was born on 
February 15, iSi i, and the latter, February 3, 18 10, who came to Kansas 
in pioneer days, settled in Ha\en township, this county, and there spent the 
rest of their lives, useful and valued citizens of that community. 

Richard Astle was reared in Derbyshire, married there and became a 
market gardener. To him and his wife ten children were born, all of 
whom grew to maturitv. In i8s2, their elder children havins; them erown, 
the two eldest having married and settled in their home town, Richard 
Astle and his wife and their younger children emigrated to the United 
States, locating neai" Ouincy, Illinois, where Mr. Astle engaged in garden- 
ing. In t86i the Faniil} mo\ed to Godfrey, near Alton, Illinois, wdiere 
they farmed until 186G, in which }ear they mo\'ed to Alhambra, that same 
state, and farmed there until 1872. In this latter year, the good word of 
the promising conditions i^resented in this section of Kansas haxing ])egun 
to attract much attention in the F.ast, Richard Astle and his wife and their 
elder children e(juii:)ped a couple of "])rairie schooners" and drove through 
to this county. arri\ing in Fia\en townshi]) in the month of .\pril, the 
younger children joining them a few months later. Richard Astle and 
those of the children who liad reached their majorities each homesteaded a 
(|uarter of a section, the fatlier's homestead being in section 20. There he 
established his home and there he and liis wife spent the rest of their lives, 
his death occurring on June 10, 1883. His widow surxived until January 
22, i8gi. Richard Astle was a Re])ublican and took a ])rominent part in 
local political affairs in ])ioneer days, long scr\ing as justice of the peace 
in and for Haven township. He and his wife were earnest memljers of 
the ^lethodist church and were among the leaders in the organization of 
a church oi that denomination in their neighljorhood. Their children were 



KKNO rOTNTY, KANSAS. 253 

as follow: John. l)oni on Novcinher 17, i<S32, \\\u) remained in I'Jis^land 
and who died on Sei)teml)er 2, 1806; Elizabeth. March 15. i<S34, who mar- 
ried llenrv iJarher, of Melbourne, iuiglaiid, where she died on September 
2H, 1899; Richard. b\'brnary 15. 1836, a well-kncnvn retired farmer, living 
at Haven, this county; \\'illi;im, November 21. 1840. a veteran of the Civil 
War. who was prominent in the establishment of the town of Haven, where 
he was successfully engaged in the grain and general mercantile business, 
married Louisa Tissius and is now li\ing retired at Haven; George, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Josei>h, April 2y, 1845, '^ well-known hardware mer- 
chant in Haven, who died in 1899; Sarah, February 16, 1847, "o^^' deceased, 
wdio married Henr}- Challacombe; Mary, February 20, 1849. married J. \V. 
VanBuren and died in Haven township on March 22, 1910; Henry. June 
21, 185 1, a retired farmer now living at Haven, and Charles W., the only 
one of the children born in the United States, born at Ouincy, Illinois, 
November 21. 1854, former postmaster of Haven, which town he also served 
as mavor, and former manager of the farmers' elevator at that place, where 
he is now^ living retired. 

George Astle was about ten years old when his family came to America 
from England and he §re\v to manhood on the farm in Illinois. In August, 
1862, he then being not quite twenty years of age, he enlisted in Company 
I. Ninety-se\'enth Regiment. Illinois Volunteer Infantry, for service during 
the Civil War. and was at once sent with his regiment to Kentucky, the regi- 
ment there forming part of the arm}- under General Buell in the campaign 
against General Bragg. After participating in the battle of Perry ville the 
regiment was sent on to Memphis, thence to Vicksburg. an attack, under 
General Sherman, being made on the latter town, upon the repulse of which 
the regiment retired to Arkansas Post, wdiich place was taken in January. 
In the spring of 1873 the Ninety-seventh Illinois fought in the battles of 
Port Gibson. Champion Hills and Black River, following which it was 
engaged in the siege of Vicksburg until that city fell. The regiment then 
assisted in the capture of Jackson, Mississippi, after which it took part in 
the famous Red River expedition, being ordered thence to New Orleans to 
be fitted out as a regiment of mounted infantry. On the way to New- 
Orleans the troop train was wrecked, leaving fewer than two hundred men 
fit for service, and these were put on jirovost duty while the regiment was 
being recruited to its normal strength. The regiment was then sent on the 
expedition against Mobile and after the capture of that city was sent to take 
Selma. Alabama, upon the destruction of which town the Ninety-seventh 
was sent to Galveston, Texas, wdiere it was mustered out in July. 1865. 



254 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Upon the conclusic^n of his mihtarv service Mr. Astle stopped for a 
coii])le of years in Missotnn and \\ln'le there married Mattie Shuron, a native 
©£ .Missouri, who chcd one year and twenty-eight days after her marriage, 
withont issue. After that ]\Ir. Astle rejoined his father in IlHnois and 
remained on tlie farm there nntil the family came to Reno county in 1872, 
since ^\■hich time he has made ids home in this county. Upon arriving in 
this count} George Astle homesteaded a cjuarter section in section 28, Haven 
township, hut continued to make his home with his parents as long as they 
lived. He then hought tlie interests of the other heirs in the home place 
and continued to reside there, being now the owner of two hundred and 
twent}-hAe acres in this county, all well-improved and profitably cultivated. 
He erected a new set of buildings on the home place and set out a good- 
sized orchard and is now very well circumstanced. 

In the fall of 1887 George Astle married, secondly. Mrs. Huldah 
(Michaels) Tucker, who was born in Virginia and came to Kansas with her 
three children in 1887. her marriage to Mr. Astle taking place shortly there- 
after. She died in the spring of 1913. By her first marriage Mrs. Astle 
was the mother of three children, John R. Tucker, who lives in Oklahoma; 
Franklin DeWitt Tucker, \\ho lives on his step-father's place, which he is 
now farming, and Gertrude, who married Josiah Foreaker and died in 1907, 
leaving three children, whom Mr. Astle is rearing. Mr. Astle is a member 
of the United Brethren church and of the local post of the Grand Army of 
the Republic at Haven, in the affairs of which he takes much interest. 



ISAAC SMITH. 



Isaac Smith, the well-known grocer of Hutchinson, Kansas, located at 
7 South ^lain street, is a lioosier ])\- l)irth, haxing hrst seen the light of 
day on Decemi)er 6, 1861. in \\'ashington county, Indiana. He is a son of 
Stephen H. and Mary A. (Hoar) Smilli, both ])arents lieing also natives of 
Washington countv, Indiana. Stephen l\. Smith was l)orn on April i, 
1836, and died on September 15, 1884, his entire lite being spent in that 
same count\-, where during all his active years he followed the vocation of 
farming. Marv A. Hoar was Ijorn on Septcml)er 15, 1839, and passed from 
this life on July 26, 1882. Isaac Smith is one of a family of six children, 
the others being Mary F., wife of Thaddeus K. Benson, a farmer of Reno 
countv; John E., a former grocer of Hutchinson, who died on January 22, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 255 

1909; Jesse E., a l)anker at Grainfiekl, this state; Martha J., a physician 
located at Indianapolis, Indiana, and l^nimett, also engaged in the grocery 
business in Hutchinson. 

Isaac Smith received his elementary education in the district schools 
near his home in Washington county, Indiana, supplemented by special and 
more advanced study at the Northern Indiana Normal at Valparaiso, that 
state. Later in life, Isaac vSmith took a complete commercial course at the 
Camplicll University, Holton. this state. For eleven years after completing 
his normal studies he engaged in school teaching, being located at various 
times in Washington county. Indiana ; Sangamon county, Illinois, and Gove 
countv, Kansas, serving two terms of two years each as superintendent of 
the Gove county schools. Mr. Smith homesteaded a claim of one hundred 
and sixty acres in Gove county, same being the southeast quarter of section 
30, township II, range 28, and after proving same, he disposed of it. On 
May 20, 1899, he engaged in the retail grocery business on South Main 
street, Hutchinson, to which business he has since given his best efforts and 
attention. In addition to his business, Mr. Smith owns his residence, located 
at 312 Ninth avenue. West, where he has resided for the past eighteen 
years. Mr. Smith has a w^ell established business which he well merits by 
virtue of his honest desire to correctly meet the demands of his customers, 
and being possessed of a cordial temperament, he easily wins and holds 
friends. 

On May 19, 1886, Isaac Smith was married in Sangamon county, Illi- 
nois, to Jennie Bridges, a daughter of Chester L. and Margaret E. (Abranis) 
Bridges, born in that county on August 28, 1862. Chester L. Bridges was 
born in Arkansas on April 2, 1834, and died at his home in Hutchinson on 
April 10, 1912, while his widow, who is still living in Hutchinson, was born 
in Illinois, on April 16, 1841. There were two children in the Bridges 
family, the one other than Mrs. Smith being Josephine, who married John 
A. Garber, a contractor and builder located at Hutchinson, Kansas. Chester 
L. Bridges was for many years a farmer and also a harness maker, follow- 
ing the latter occupation during the latter years of his life. Both he and 
his wife were for many years active workers in the Baptist church and in 
that faith Mrs. Smith was carefully reared. To Mr. and Mrs. Smith have 
been born five children, namely: Carroll M., who was born in Sangamon 
county, Illinois, on March 6. 1887, and assists his father in the grocery; 
Margaret A., born in Gove county, this state, on April 16. 1889, married 
W^illiam Tester, musician and composer of Chicago, Illinois; Chester L., the 



256 KENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

third child, was born in Gove county, this state, March 6, 1891, and is located 
in Kansas City, Missouri, where he is engaged in the practice of the law; 
Eldon B. was lx)rn in Gove county, March 20. 1896, and is at present attend- 
ing the state university at Lawrence; Melvin C., the youngest of the family, 
born in Reno county. May 26, 1900, is still in high school in Hutchinson. 
Isaac Sniiili and his family are numbered among the best people of the city 
wherein they have made their home for many years and are justly entitled 
to the high esteem in which they are universally held. 



MARTIN BURRIS. 



Alartin Burris, truck farmer and gardener, living at 126 Fourteenth 
avenue. West, Hutchinson, Reno county, Kansas, was born in ]\Iorgan 
county, Indiana, a son of Caleb and Frances (Brown) Burris, April 6, 1856. 
Caleb Burris was a son of James Burris, of English parentage, and was born 
on September 29, 18 18, in Ohio, "a day's drive" (as it was then termed) 
from the town of Cincinnati, now the thriving city. His death occurred in 
1875. Frances Brown was born on August 28, 181 7. in the hill country of 
North Carolina, and her death occurred in 1879. Caleb and Frances Burris 
were married on August 15, 1841. and to them were born six children. 
Those other than ]\Iartin, the immediate subject of this sketch, are William 
R., Rebecca L.. who married Charles T. Mendenhall; Fernando, a truck 
farmer living near Savannah. ^Missouri; ^lary and Allen J., all of whom 
have passed into the life l)C}on(l with the exception of Fernando and Martin. 

Martin Burris when a voung bdv attended the common schools near 
his home in ?^Iorgan county, Indiana, and after the family moved to Iowa, 
he continued his studies in the public schools of Dallas county. He early 
engaged in farming and went to Sumner county, Kansas, in 1876 and rented 
a farm on whirh he li\ed for some tiiue. during which time he was also 
engaged in freighting goods from \\'icliita, this state, to the supply camps 
and forts across the line in the Indian rcrritor}-. His load when going in 
that direction con.sisted of sup|)lies and provisions for soldiers and Indians 
and on the return trip principall\- of hides. In 1877 Marlin Burris moved 
to Rush county this state, where hr Iiomesteadcd one hundred and sixty 
acres. Securing a patent to his "claim" he sold and moved to the territory 
of Washington in 1888. purchasing one acre in the town of Sidney (which 
is now known as Fort Orchard) and forty acres in Kitsap county, adjoin- 



RENO rOUNTY, KANSAS. 257 

ing tlic town of Sidney. In the early nineties, he returned to Kansas, locat- 
ing in Hutchinson, where he Ijought city property and has since made his 
home, giving his time and attention to truck gardening and hght farming. 

Martin Burris was married at West Point, Rush county, this state. 
October 30, 18(83, to lunaHne Carohne Carr, daughter of Cyrus and Alary 
Jane (Haworth) Carr. both in Harden county, Iowa, April 3, 1865. Cyrus 
Carr was a farmer, who owned land in Harden county, Iowa, and also in 
Rush county, this state, where he homesteaded a claim of one hundred and 
sixty acres and w^here his death occurred on February 11, 1895. ^^ ^^'"^^ 
born on August 20, 1828, near Clarksburg, in Highland county, Ohio, a son 
of Benjamin Carr, born on December 28, 1792 (died in 1885), and Permela 
(Evins) Carr (born in 1801, died in 1871). Permela (Evins) Carr was 
a daughter of Evin Evins and Permela Bales. Benjamin Carr was a son 
of Benjamin Carr, and Patience, his wife. IMary Jane Haworth, wife of 
Cyrus Carr and mother of Mrs. Martin Burris, was born on March 25, 1834, 
in Vermilion county, Illinois, and died on February i, 1901. She was a 
daughter of Rees Haworth (born in 1804 and died in November, 1895). 
and Permela, his wife, who died in 1885. Cyrus Carr and Mary Jane 
Haworth were married on October 30. 1850, and to them was born a family 
of seven children, namely: Emaline (Mrs. Burris), John R., Melvina, 
who married Charles Osborn ; Elven, Martha, a minister of the Quaker 
church living in Mead county, this state; Rees B., a farmer of the same 
county, and Harvey, a farmer in Pawnee county, this state. The Carr 
family have been members of the Quaker church for many generations, 
active in the work of their various local organizations. 

To Martin Burris and wife have been born ten children, as follow: 
John W., George R., Harvey M., Mabel E., Alice A.. Grace M., Allen J., 
Willie F., Mary F. and Eavina. John W. was born on August 28, 1884, in 
Rush county, this state and is now proprietor of a bakery in Lexington, 
Nebraska. George R., was born on January 2, 1886, in Rush county, and 
is now a linotype operator wdth the Mid-West Printing Company and secre- 
tary of Typographical Union No. 243. He has had conferred on him by 
his local organization the honor of being delegate to the international body 
and has discharged the responsibilities thus devolving upon him in a manner 
highly pleasing to all. George R. Burris is a student of archaeology^ and 
has spent three of his summer vacations in research work in the interesting 
field which New Mexico otters to such students. He is known in local 
labor circles as a leader among his fellow-workmen, and a broad-minded 
(17a) 



258 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

man of ability and excellent judgment. Harvey M., born on October 10, 
18S7. in Ru.sh county, is a printer. ]Ma1:>el E. and Alice A. are twins, born 
on April 20, 1892, the former being a teacher in the schools of Reno county, 
and the latter the wife of Fred Leeburg. These twins were born in Sum- 
ner county, this state. Grace M. was l)orn on August 29, 1S94, in Hutchin- 
son, and is also a teacher in the public schools. Allen J- was also born in 
Hutchinson. June 9, 1897, and is engaged in clerking. Willie F. was born 
in Hutchinson, September 26, 1899. and is attending school, as are also Mary 
F.. boni on August 9, 1902, and Lavina, born on February 24, 1905. One 
other child was born in this family, Oliver, who died at birth. The Burris 
family are numbered among the excellent people of their home city and are 
descended from forefathers who have been pioneers in their various times, 
movino- with the advance of civilization from Ohio over into what is now 
termed the Aliddle \\^est. Martin Burris hailed with delight the coming of 
the railroads to this section of the country, and during constructive days 
was known as an expert grade finisher. Fie worked with the Southern 
Pacific and also with the Northern Pacific in that capacity. 



HUTTON & OSWALD. 



Hutton (S: Oswald, proprietors of the American Steam Laundry at 
Hutchinson, this county, one of the largest and best-equipped laundries in 
the state of Kansas, long have been recognized as among the most enter- 
prising and progressive forces in the commercial and industrial life of that 
city. After ten other firms had unsuccessfully attempted to establish steam 
laundries in Hutchinson. Mr. Hutton and 'Wr. Oswald took hold of the situa- 
tion, adopted business-like methods, inaugurated a strictly up-to-date system 
in the oj^eration of their plant and succeeded from the very start. Starting 
in a comparatively small way, they quickly were compelled to enlarge their 
plant, owing to the demands of their growing business, and so continued 
extending their facilities until they came to be recognized as among the lead- 
ers in that forn-; o\ enterprise in Kansas. 

The .\merican Steam Laundry, \\hich now occupies more than ten times 
the floor space it occupied when its present proprietors took hold on April 
20, 1 89 1, not only does a general laundering business, but is engaged as well 
in drv-cleaning and employs from seventy-five to one hundred and twenty- 
five persons and maintains agencies in more than one hundred and fifty 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 259 

towns thi-(jui;h<>ut Kansas and ( )klah()nia. Since i8()5 its i)roprietors, Hut- 
ton (K: Oswald, liavc been niemhors of the National Launderers Association 
and since Jul)', 1913, nienibers of the National Association of Dry Cleaners, 
while they ha\e for years taken a ])rominent part in the affairs of the 
Kansas State Launderers Association, of which Mr. Oswald is the present 
president. Messrs. llutton cK: Oswald also are extensive landcnvners in 
Reno county, the owners of a half section of land in Grant township and a 
half section in Medora tow'uship, which they devote to alfalfa and fruit 
growino- and cattle raisinj^', and are regarded as among the substantial citizens 
of this county. 

Kmmett Hutton, senior member of this successful firm, is a native of 
Tennessee, born in Bedford county, that state, December 10, 1866, son of 
George D. and Mary A. (Houston) Hutton, the latter of whom, before 
her marriage to Mr. Hutton, was the widow of Russell Whiteside, a Tennes- 
see lawyer, and mother of Houston Whiteside, who became one of Hutchin- 
son's most distinguished lawyers. Upon coming to Kansas in 1887 and 
locating in Hutchinson, Mr. Hutton for a year was employed in the office of 
the St. John & Marsh Lumber Company. Lie then, shortly after the inaugu- 
ration of the mail delivery system in Hutchinson, was appointed a letter 
carrier and was thus engaged for three years, at the end of which time he 
bought an interest in the laundry business of IL L. ^Villis & Brother, which 
business, on April 20, 1891, he took over, in partnership with Charley W. 
Oswald, estal)lished the American Steam Laundry and has ever since been 
successfully engaged in that business. Mr. Hutton is a Democrat and gi\es 
a good citizen's attention to local politics, but has never been an aspirant for 
public office. He is a member of the Hutchinson Commercial Club, the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias and the 
Modern Woodmen of America, in the affairs of all of which organizations 
he takes a warm interest. 

On October 25, 1899, F.mmett Hutton was united in marriage to Lottie 
F. Bay, daughter of C. M. and Maggie J. (Sloan) Bay. well-known resi- 
dents of, Roscoe township, this county, and to this union two children have 
been born. Hildrcd and Emmett, Jr. The Hutlons have a handsome home 
at 320 East Sherman street, where they have resided for years, and where 
thev are very pleasantly situated. 

Charley W. Oswald, junior member of the firm of Hutton & Oswald, 
is a native of Ohio, born in Wayne county, that state, November 3, 1867, 
son of Anthony and Maria (Ewing) Oswald, the former of whom was lx)m 
in that same countv, son of Williaiu Oswald, a native of Pennsylvania and 



j60 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

a pioneer of that section of Ohio, who for more than fifty years was engaged 
in the manufacture of lx)ots and shoes. In 1877 Anthony Oswald and his 
family came to Kansas and settled in Reno county. ?^Ir. Oswald bought 
eighty acres of railroad land in Center township and later bought four hun- 
dred and eighty acres in Srdt Creek township, where he farmed for four 
years, at the end of wliich time, in 1881. he retired from the farm and 
moved to Hutchinson, where lie presently became engaged in the real-estate 
business. His wife died in ?^farch, 1885, and in i8go he left Hutchinson 
and for ten years was engaged in the mining business at Joplin and Galena. 
In 1900 he went to Beaumont, Texas, where he ever since has been success- 
fully engaged in the real-estate business. 

Charley \\\ Oswald was ten years old when he came to Kansas with 
his parents in 1877. He continued his schooling in the schools of Salt 
Creek township and of Hutchinson and was graduated from the Hutchinson 
high school in 1885. after which for two years he was engaged in teaching 
school. Upon the inauguration of the mail delivery system in Hutchinson 
he was the first letter carrier appointed in that city and entered upon the 
duties of that position on October i. 1887, serving the pubHc in that capacity 
until September i. 1890. On April 20. 1891. he became associated with 
Emmett Hutton in the ownership of the American Steam Laundrv at 
thitchinson and has e\er since been thus engaged. Mr. Oswald is a Demo- 
crat and from the days of his youth has been an active figure in the political 
life of this section of the state. For four years he sensed as a member of 
the Hutchinson city council and when that city adopted the commission form 
of government he was elected one of the members of the first commission 
of three, in April, t()09. and served until ]\lay. 191 1, as commissioner of 
public utilities and streets. In 1904 ]\Ir. Oswald was elected a delegate 
froni this district to the Democratic national convention and in other ways 
has rendered able service in behalf of his party and the public. ^\v. Oswald 
is a thirty-second degree Alason and a Knight Templar, a member of the 
blue lodge, the chapter, the council and the commandery at Hutchinson and 
the consistory. Ancient Acce]>ted Scottish Rite, at Wichita. He also is a 
menil)er of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and takes a warm 
interest in these several fraternal affiliations. He takes an active interest in 
the general business life of the city and is at present vice-president of the 
Hutchinson Commercial Club. 

On May 24. 1896, in Troy township, this county. Charley W. Oswald 
was united in marriage to Myrtle Lewis, daughter of S. C. Lewis and wife. 
and to this union two children ha\e been born, Anthonv L.. born on Decem- 



Ri:.\() COl'NTY, KANSAS. 261 

her (), t8(jS. nnd C". Wallace, April ii. igoo. Ixitli of whom are now students 
in the lii^h school. The ( )s\\al(ls ha\c a handsome home at 301 Xinth 
avtnue, west, where ihey haw resided for years and where they are very 
pleasantly .-itnated. 



S^'I.Vl'STER hWRTHTXG. 

Syhester h'arthing-, one of the hest-kno^vn and most substantial of the 
pioneer farmers of Voder township, this county, is a native of Tennessee, 
having been ijorn in Robinson count^•, that state, April 22. 1849, son of 
Peter and Elizabeth ( Holland) Farthing, the former a native of Mrginia 
and the latter of Tennessee, who later became well-known pioneers of this 
county, where their last days were spent. 

Peter Farthing was but a small boy when his parents emigrated from 
Virginia to Tennessee, settling in Robinson county, and there he grew to 
nianhood. He married EHzabeth Holland, daughter of Richard Holland, 
a wealth\- plantation owner of that county, a large slaveholder and the owner 
of more th.an one thousand acres of land; a deacon in the Missionary Baptist 
church for many years. Peter Farthing became the owner of a farm in 
Re^binson county, but in the late fifties sold out there and moved to Union 
county, where he became the owner of four hundred and fiftv acres, \vhich 
he devoted to the raising of corn and tobacco. He owned a few slaves, 
but when the division of sentiment on the slavery cpiestion arose in Ken- 
tucky he beca.me an ardent Union sympathizer and his former slaves 
remained with him for some time after their freedom had lieen declared. 
In 1876, attracted by the glowing reports at that time being heard regarding 
conditions in this section of Kansas, Peter Farthing" sold his holdings in 
Kentucky and came to Kansas with his wife and their two youngest children, 
Xorman and Ella. Ihev located in Reno county and Peter Farthing bought 
a cpiarter of a section of land in Eincoln townshi]), where he established his 
home and where he and his wife snent the rest of their lives, becoming 
prominent in the pioneer life of that part of the county. Peter Farthing- 
was a good farmer and he exentually became the ow:ner of two hundred and 
forty acres surrounding his home. He died there on September 2T,, 1890, 
at the age of seventv vears. and his widow survi\-ed him less than two vears, 
her death occurring on January tj;, 1892, she then being sixty-nine years of 
age. They were the parents of seven children, namely : Marcellus, who 
still makes his home in Un.ion county, Kentuck}- ; Sylvester, the subject of 



262 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

this biographical sketch; Samantha. who married Pascal Graves and lives 
on a farm in Seds^w ick county, this state; Diana, who married John Cole- 
man and lives in Union county, Kentucky; Harriet, who married Henry 
Turner and lives near Coffeyville, this state; Norman, who also lives near 
Coffeyville, and Ella, who married Benjamin Holman and li\es in Oklahoma. 

Sylvester Farthing was a small boy when his parents moved from 
Tennessee to Kentuck}- and he gre^v up on the home farm in Union county, 
in the latter state. Upon the dissolution of the slavery system the work 
of the farm fell upon him and his Ijrothers and he began to plow as soon 
as he was big enough to hold the plow handles. He assisted his father on 
the farm and remained at home until his marriage in 1868, after which he 
bought a farm of one hundred acres in the neighborhood of his old home 
and began farming on his own account and was thus engaged there until the 
spring of 1877, when he sold his place and followed his parents to Kansas, 
they having settled in Reno county the year previous. Upon his arrival 
here he bought the southeast quarter of section 29 in Lincoln, now^ a part 
of Yoder township, and there he established his home in a shack, the lumber 
for building which he hauled from Wichita, sixty miles away. When he 
settled there there vras not a tree in sight from his humble home on the 
plain, but it was not long until lie had set out a large number of trees and 
had a thrifty grove growing on his place. He prospered in his farming 
operations and for man}' years has 1>een regarded as one of the substantial 
residents of the Yoder neighborhood, still making his home on the place he 
has occupied for nearl}- forty years. He and his wife are earnest members 
of the Harmony Baptist church, as are all the members of their family, and 
have for many years been looked upon as among the leaders in good works 
thereabout. 

It was on January 21, 1868, in Union county, Kentucky, that Sylvester 
h'arthing was united in marriage to Cassandra Hobbs, who was born in 
Jefferson county, Kentucky, April 3, 1852, daughter of Henson and Sarah 
(Smith) Hobbs, the former of wdiom died on August 8, 1854, after wdiich 
his widow married George A\'hitecotton and moved to Union county, where 
her death occurred on April 3. 1874. To ^Mr. and Mrs. Farthing eight 
children have been born, as follow: Sarah Elizabeth, born on January 26, 
1869, who married James Green and lives in ^'oder, this county; Leonia 
May, May 2-^. 1872, who died on September 9, 1893; Peter Rice, April 30, 
[874, a well-known farmer of Salt Creek township, this county, a biograph- 
ical sketch of whom is presented elsewhere in this volume; Addie Pearl, 
April 8, 1876. who married Albert Stewart and died on November 25. 1912; 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 263 

Mary l^Ia, July 17. 1878, who is at lionic with her parents; Edna Vesta, 
December 17, 1882. widow of Judson Stewart; Carrie Low, May 9, 1885, 
who married Eugene Moore and hves on a farm in Lincohi township, and 
Ulah LilHan, February i, 1889, who married Floyd H. Moore and died on 
JanuaiT 2, 191 5. 



JOHN J. BOEHM. 



John J. Boehm, the son of William and Caroline (Werle) Boehm, was 
born in Sterling, Illinois, December 2^, 1857. The parents having come 
from Germany in 1850. The father was a building contractor and a cooper. 

To William and Caroline Boehm were born the following children : 
Elizabeth, the widow of Charles Walz, who was a contractor at Sterling, 
Illinois; Katherine, the wife of George Collins, an assistant in the postoffice 
at Aurora. lUinois; Sarah, the wife of Loren Schneider, a farmer at Wad- 
dams Grove, Illinois; William, an electrician at Sterhng; Albert, a carpenter 
at Sioux Falls, South Dakota; Adolph, a conductor on a railroad out of 
Omaha, lives at St. James, Minnesota, and John J., the subject of this 
sketch. 

John J. Boehm xvas educated in the graded schools of Sterling, Illinois. 
After completing his education he followed the trade of a cooper, which 
trade he had learned in the shop of his father when a lad. In 1884 he went 
to Spencer, Clay county, Iowa, and engaged in the manufacturing of butter' 
tubs for creameries. In 1896 he went to Minneapolis, where he remained 
until the next year, when he came to Hutchinson, where he purchased the 
interests of William A. Myers in the laundry business. Since that time he 
has been interested in the modern "Model" steam laundry, located at 27-29 
Second avenue, West, and of which he is now the sole owner. 

Mr. Boehm is a member of the Hutchinson Commercial Club and takes 
an active interest in all things that tend to assist in the growth and improve- 
ment of the city. He is independent in politics, but always looks to the 
selection of the best men to office. He was for four years the sergeant at 
arms of the Laundrymen's National Association of America, and was the 
president of the Kansas Laundrymen's Association for one year. 

On March 19, 1885, John J. Boehm was married at Ames, Iowa, to 
Elizabeth J. Erb, the daughter of Jacob and Caroline (Reid) Erb. Mrs. 
Boehm is a native of Ames, while her father was born in Maryland and her 



264 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

mother at Crestline, Ohio. Her father was for many years a farmer and 
an importer and breeder of pureblood Percheron horses. 

To ^[r. and Mrs. J- ilin J. Tloehni have been born one child, Walter, 
who was born on October 31, 1889, at Spencer, Iowa. He completed the 
work in the grades ad high school at Hutchinson and two years at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, after ^^•hich he attended the law department of the 
University of Kansas and graduated with the degree of Doctor of Laws. 
After being admitted to the bar he entered the laundry business of his father 
and n(^w has charge of the office. 

Walter Boehm was married, December 4, 1914, at Hutchinson, to Mary 
Lee \'ance, a native of Abingdon. \'irginia, and the daughter of J. M. 
\'ance, whose wife was a Carpenter. The father of Mrs. Boehm was a 
native of \'irginia and the mother of Maine. 

Jacob and Caroline Erb were the parents of the following children : 
Harland G., a farmer at Ames, Iowa; Eleanor, the wife of Charles Kuken- 
rall. a farmer of Anthony, Iowa; Rosabel, the wife of M. IT. Kelso, a den- 
tist at Ames; ^linnie ]\'Jay. the wife of L. i\I. Maxwell, a farmer at Lee. 
Montana, and Elizabeth J., wife of John J. Boehm. 



GEORGE \y. COOTER. 



George W. Cooter, former cuunty treasurer and a well-known retired 
farmer of Reno county, now li\ing at Hutchinson, where he possesses valu- 
able banking and other interests; an honored veteran of the Civil War, one 
of the real pioneers of Reno county and a man who for years has been 
actively identified with tlie best interests of this section of the state, is a 
native of England, but has Ijcen a resident of the United States since he was 
a babe in arms. He was born in .Sussex on ]^Iay 3, 1846, son of George W. 
and Martha (Boxall) Cooter, both natives of Kent. 

The senior George \V. Cooter was born in 1820 and was reared on a 
farm, later becoming an expert landscape gardener, doing contract work in 
that line. In 1847 he emigrated with his family to America and located at 
Saybrook, Connecticut, later moving to Cleveland, Ohio, where he remained 
until 1858. in which year he came West and l)ought a farm in Jackson 
county. Missouri, where he remained until practically driven out by his pro- 
slavery neighbors, whose violeiTt opposition to his well-known anti-slavery 
views and ardent support of the Union cause compelled him to seek security 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 265 

for himself and fainil\' o\er llic line in Kansas. He located at Leavenworth 
in 1802. and in that neighborhood rented a farm, where his deatli occurred 
in 1867. he then being forty-seven years of age. His widow survived until 
1882, she being sixty-eight years of age at the time of her death. 

George W. Cooter. Jr., \\as about one year old when his parents came 
to the United States and his early schooling was ol)tained in the pnltlic 
schools of Cleveland. He was twelve years old when the family left that 
city and mo^•ed to Missouri, and was fifteen years old when the Civil War 
broke out. He was a big, vigorous, robust bo}'. In 1862 his father, whose 
name was also George \Y., had enrolled his name for enlistment, but when 
the call came at Independence, Missouri, the father was sick and was wor- 
ried l)ecause he could not respond, so the son said he would go and answer 
the call for muster for the father, which he did, and was accepted, and 
instead of coming back as he agreed he went on with his company the next 
morning, in Company E, Twenty-fifth Regiment Missouri Volunteer Infan- 
try, and ser\ed with the Army of the West until September 20, 1865. He 
was attached to Company C, First Engineering Corps, with which he served 
until the close of the war. being classed as an artificer. During his service 
in the Engineering Corps, Mr. Cooter was attached to the Fifteenth Army 
Corps, under Gen. John A. Logan, and was wdth Sherman in the march to 
the sea, engaged in reconstructing bridges destroyed by the enemy. At the 
close of the war Mr. Cooter participated in the Grand Review at Washing- 
ton and was not yet twenty 3'ears old when he returned to his home in Leav- 
enworth, a veteran of one of the greatest wars in historv. 

Upon the completion of his military service. Mr. Cooter served a three- 
years apprenticeship to a carriage snfith at Leavenworth and became thor- 
oughly jiroficient in that trade, which he later followed for four years, in the 
employ of Moore & Jennings at Leavenworth, after which he was given the 
position of foreman of the carriage department of the federal prison at 
Leavenworth. In the meantime, in 1871, he had married and after retaining 
his foremanship for thirteen months, decided to join the homestead move- 
ment, then setting in strongl}' toward this section of the state, and in 1873 
came with his wife and baby son to Reno county. Upon arriving here Mr. 
Cooter homesteaded a tract of land in Little River township, where he estab- 
hshed his home, being one of the very earliest settlers of that ]xirt of the 
count}-. Presently he also entered a timber claim and as his affairs pros- 
pered gradually enlarged his land holdings until he eventuall}' became the 
owner of eight hundred acres of land in Little River township and what is 
now Aledora township. To his general farming operations he added cattle 



266 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

raising and was also quite successful in that line, soon coming to be regarded 
as one of Reno county's most substantial citizens. For his own convenience 
and that of his neighbors he also set up a smithy on his farm and later 
moved the same to ]Medora, where he kept it going for several years. 

^Ir. Cooter was early elected treasurer of Medora township and for 
years served in that important public capacity. From the very day of the 
organization" of the Republican party ]\Ir. Cooter has been a loyal and stead- 
fast adherent of that party and took an active part in local political affairs. 
In 1892 he attended the Reno county Republican convention, without ever 
a thought of being a candidate for any county office, and was very much 
astonished to find himself nominated for the office of county treasurer. 
There were several avowed candidates for nomination to that place on the 
ticket, but Mr. Cooter was not a candidate and no previous mention of his 
name had been made in that connection. When the call for nominations 
for treasurer was made a farmer delegate in the convention secured the floor 
and placed the name of George \\'. Cooter in nomination, and the "dark 
horse" was nominated on the first ballot, very much to the surprise of the 
nominee. That was the year after the Populists swept Kansas and the 
Republicans came back and elected their men to every office in Reno county. 
George W. Cooper was one of these and in due time he entered the duties of 
the office of county treasurer. He was re-elected in the next campaign, and 
thus served two terms in the treasurer's office. During his incumbency in 
that office Mr. Cooter made his home in Flutchinson, the county seat, but 
upon the expiration of his term of public service returned to his farm in 
Medora township, where he lived until his final retirement from the farm, 
since which time he has made his home in Hutchinson. In 1905 he built a 
iine home at 314 Fourth avenue, east, and there he and his wife are now 
living, very pleasantly situated. Mr. Cooter has sold his farm lands and 
has made other investments. lie is a director of the State Exchange Bank 
and takes an active interest in the general affairs of the business community, 
but his greatest pleasure is found in the exercise of his undoubted skill and 
intrenuitv as a wood-car\er. whicli. now in the davs of his comfortable 
retirement, has become a delightful ■■hi)l)l)v" with Iiini and those who have 
seen the results of his work with a jack-knife and a piece of wood declare 
that he accomplishes wonders along that line. Mr. Cooter is past com- 
mander of Joe Hooker Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and continues 
to take a warm interest in the affairs of that patriotic organization. 

In 1871. at Leavenworth, this state. George W. Cooter was united in 
marriage to Elizabeth Hartford, who was born in Coleraine, Countv Lon- 



UENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 26/ 

<l()ii(lcTry, Ireland, in 1846, daughter of William and Martha Hartford, the 
former of whom died in I'Lngland at the age of thirty-six, his daughter, 
Elizabeth, then I)eing hut live years old. In 1861 tlie latter and her mother 
came to this country to visit her brothers in New York and six years later 
came to Kansas, locating at Leavenworth, where she married Mr. Cooter. 
To this union four children have been born, as follow: Fred W., now presi- 
dent of the .State Exchange Bank of Hutchinson, a biographical sketch of 
whom is presented elsewhere in this volume; Elizabeth, who married Clifton 
J. Ryker and now lives at (julfport, Mississippi; Clara, who married D. 
Winters and lives at St. Joseph, Missouri, and George, a prosperous farmer, 
living near Lamar, Colorado. 



FRANKLIN EDWARD DILLON. 

Franklin Edward Dillon, one of the most successful farmers residing 
in the vicinity of Hutchinson, Kansas, is a native of Macoupin county, Illi- 
nois, where he was born on December 20, 1877. He is the son of J. W. and 
Ellen (Preble) Dillon, the former of whom, a retired farmer, makes his 
home in Alton, Madison county, Illinois. He is a veteran of the Civil War, 
having given active service in saving the Union for three years during the 
conflict. Mr. Dillon has always been an ardent advocate of the principles 
of the Republican part}- and in religious views gives support to the Meth- 
odist church. His wife, wiio is deceased, was also a prominent member 
of the same church. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. J. \\\ Dillon are: 
Oscar, Ollie, Jasper, Roy, and Franklin Edward. 

In the public schools of Jersey, Illinois, Franklin E. Dillon received his 
elementary education. Upon completing the common school course he began 
to work as a farmer on his father's farm. He remained on the home place 
assisting his father until he Avas twenty-three years of age and at the end of 
that time came to Reno country, Kansas, where he obtained employment on 
the farm owned at that time by Frank Dan fords. He remained on this 
farm, which was in Reno township, for two years when he went to work 
on the Fernie ranch in Lincoln township. After a year spent in this town- 
shi]). he rented a farm with whicli he was occupied for a few years, 
until he bought a farm of two hundred and forty acres in Reno township, 
just west of Hutchinson. For the last few years, the subject of this sketch 
has rented a tract of one hundred and twenty-five acres of land, belonging 



268 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

to his wife's nicther, aiul ;ulj' lining her home place. ^Fr. Dillon divides his 
time as a farmer between his own farm and the rented land, occupying the 
latter as a residence. 

In (he fraternal affairs o\ the cc^nntv in \\hich he resides the subject of 
this sketch takes an active interest. He holds membership in the Modern 
Woodmen of America and ijlays a part in local commercial life. He is a 
member oi the ^lethodist Episcopal church of Reno township and in his 
political N-iews is in favor oi the Republican cause, althougli in local politics 
he \-otes independently. 

On .\];ril 3. 1907, Franklin Kdward Dillon was married to Susie V. 
W'ildin. a nati\e of Reno count}', Kansas, and the daughter of John and 
Electa (Hoskins) W'ildin. To this union the following children have been 
born: l-'loyd, ^^ ho was l)orn in January, 1908; Kermit, Esther and AA'ilma. 

John F. W'ildin, deceased, father of Mrs. Dillon, w^as one of the most 
popular men of the communit}- in which he resided. He was born in York- 
county. Pennsylvania, on Xovember 13, 185 1, the son of George and Caro- 
line (Keener) AA'ildin, both of whom w^ere natives of Pennsylvania, and 
descendants of an old German famil3^ wdio w'ere termed in the early days 
of colonial life, the "Pennsylvania-Dutch." The family gave support to the 
Lutheran church. George ^^'ildin. who was a plasterer by trade, moved 
with his family to Pike county. Tllinois, in 1858, where he bought a farm 
and turned over his pla.stering trade to his sons. In 1882 he moved to Rush 
county, Kansas, wdiere he remained a few years before moving to Plutchin- 
.•■(.n, v.heic he lived unlil his death, which occurred in 1912. His wife passed 
away on September i, I'Sgc). The couple reared a family of iouv children 
as follow: W'illirun J., who ]i\es in n()rtli Reno tow'nship; Cahin, who 
resides in Pueblo, Colorado, where lie is engaged in the real-estate business; 
Susan, who became the wife of Jacol) ?\lusser, and who died in 1897, ^'^'^ 
John 1'. 

John I-". W'ildin was the eldest in the famib- and at the age of seven 
years mo\ed with his parents from Pennsybania to Pike county, Tllinois, 
where he attended the public scIkjoIs. He was trained fi-om youth to assume 
the duties of farm life, and remained as an assistant to his father on the 
farm until he reached the age of- manli'Hid. After his marriage he rented 
land from hi'^ father for three years, and in 1880 was able to buv a farm 
of his own. He i)nrchased four hundred and eiglit\- acres of land in Rush 
county. Kansas, where he continued to reside for nine years, leaving the 
place in 1889. He located in the Park addition of Hutchinson, where he 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 269 

lived for two years, before Ijiiyin;"- a farm in l^nterprise township. In 1892 
lie houi^lit t\\() hundred and sixty acres in Kerio townshi]) and hved on what 
was known as the lietock place, until his death. I'hv farm residence was 
built by Mr. Wildin in 1S94. lie also assisted in building the Methodist 
church as a member of the building committee. His wife also held mem- 
bership in the Methodist church of Reno township. Mr. Wildin for a num- 
ber of vears served as steward of the church and also as trustee and during 
that time was faithful in his attendance at the services. 

On March 11, 1877. John F. Wildin was united in marriage to Electa 
Hoskin, a native of Pike county, Illinois, and the daughter of Isaac and 
Mary Jane (Mosier) Hoskin, the former of whom was a native of Pike 
countv, Illinois. Mary (Mosier) Hoskin was born in Monroe county, Indi- 
ana, and died in Illinois. She was a prominent member of the Methodist 
church of the district in which she resided. The children born to Mr. and 
Mrs. John Wildin are as follow: Mary, who became the wife of W. S. 
William and who reside in Lincoln township; Carrie, who married John 
Miller, a farmer of Rush county, Kansas; Susie, who became the wife of 
Franklin E. Dillon ; Janie, wdio lives with her mother in Reno township ; 
Electa and Frederick, who are also residing on the home place. 



WILLIA^i ELBERT LONG. 

William Elbert Long is a native of Tennessee. He was born in Athens. 
McMinn county, in that state, March 28, 1862, the son of Erastus R. and 
Etharilla A. ( Cassada ) Long. The father was born in South Carolina, 
February 7, 1S36, but the greater part of his life was spent at Athens, 
Tennessee, where he followed the occupation of a farmer. He also learned 
the trade of wagon-maker while livin.g in his Tennessee home. The elder 
Long, with his family, left Athens, Tennessee, October 12, 1877, and ar- 
rived at Hutchinson, Kansas, October 14, 1877. He entered one hundred 
and sixty acres of trust land located in the southern part of Reno county. 
There he built a home and engaged in farming until his death, which 
occurred in November, 1885. He was a Mason, a Republican and a Aleth- 
odist. Etharilla A (Cassada) Long was born in Tennessee, November 28, 
1839. and is still living. Mr. and Mrs. Erastus Long were married in 
McMinn county. Tennessee, April 17, 1859, and were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: lacob W., born in Athens, Tennessee, March 7, i860. 



2/0 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

died on November 19, k)!^: A\'illiani Rll)CM-t. the subject of this sketch; 
Cordeha AL, born in Athens, 'i'ennessee, November 24, 1866, died on Aug- 
ust II. 1S67; Ida, born in Athens. Tennessee, September 24, 1868, married 
John A. Cole, a rancher in Meade county, Kansas; IMittie, born in Athens, 
Tennessee, Juiy 9, 1871. married Wilham Cannan. a farmer near Cherokee, 
Oklahoma; Frank, born in Athens, Tennessee, November 28, 1873; Bertha, 
born in Reno county, Kansas, December 20, 1878. 

A\'illiam Elbert Long was educated in the public schools of Atliens and 
Wesleyan Uni\-crsity, of same place, and assisted his father in farming until 
the death of the father, in 1882. Tn 1878, while but a youth of sixteen 
years, William E. Long "located" one hundred and sixty acres of govern- 
ment land adjoining his father's land, and later entered and proved up tlie 
same, obtaining a clear title in 1884, which he still owns. He remained on 
the farm until 1898, when he was elected sheriff of Reno county and re- 
moved to Hutchinson. He held the office of sheritT of the county for five 
years, or two and a half terms, although the state law only permitted two 
terms in succession for that office ; the half term was on account of change 
to biennial elections. 

?ilr. Long was engaged in the plumbing and heating business from 
1904 to 1909; since then retired. He was a member of the Hutchinson city 
council two terms, from 1904 to 1908, as a representative from the third 
ward. He supported the administration of Mayor J. P. Llarsha, in the mat- 
ter of building the drainage canal from Cow creek to the Arkansas river, 
as a measure for protection from floods. Politically, Mr. Long has always 
affiliated with the Republican party. Fraternally, he is a thirt}'-second de- 
gree Mason, a Knight l^mplar, a Al}stic Shriner, a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the iVncient Order of United Workmen, 
Modern Woodmen of America, and the Iknevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. 

On April 27. 1897. \\'il]iam F. Long was married to Sarah C. Baker, 
in I'awnee county. Nebraska. She was the daugliter of Frederick W. Baker 
and Sarah Elizabeth (Long) Baker, whn wcw married on October 5. 1862. 
Mr'- Long's father was born in Kentuckv, March 8. ]8^:;, and died in 
Arlington. Reno county, Kansas, April 18, 1913. His occupation was that 
of a farmer. During the Ci\il Wiw, Mr. l)aker was commissioned bv Ciov- 
ernor Johnson, of Tennessee, as recruiting ofiiccr. and was afterward cap- 
tain in a Tennessee regiment. He was a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic post at .\rlington. Kansas, and a member of the ]\Iethodist Episco- 
pal church. In politics he v.as a Republican. ^^Irs. Long's mother was born 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 2/1 

in Bradley county, Tennessee, November 17, 1842, and is now living at 
Arlington. Iveno comity, Kansas. 

Mrs. Sarah (Baker) Long was born in Benton, Polk cnuntv, Tennes- 
see, July 21, 1871. and died in I Tutchinson, Kansas, August 18, 1913. The 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Long are: Cella E., born on July 12, 1898; 
Charles K., b\bruary 14. 1903; Chester E., January 5. 1906; all born in 
Hutchinson, Reno county, Kansas. 



ELMER L. BREWER. 



Elmer L. Brewer, superintendent of the printing department of the 
Hutchinson News was born in McLean county, Blinois, December 4, 1863, 
one of the family of five children of James and Susan (Westfall) Brewer. 
Belle, a sister, is the widow of Charles N. Davis, for many years a news- 
paper man at Port Arthur, Texas. His death occurred on April 4, 191 1. 
Charles, a brother, is a farmer in McLean county, Blinois, where Walter, 
the youngest of the family, also lives, engaged in the same occupation. 
Nellie, is the wife of. Charles C. Russell, a dealer in wall paper and paint, 
located at Coffeyville. this state. James Brewer was a native of Kentucky, 
born in Franklin county, near the city of Frankfort, October 20, 1837. 
He was a farmer and nurseryman all his life and died at Coffeyville, this 
state, March 10, 1914. Susan (W^estfall) Brewer was born in Leroy, Bli- 
nois, July 6, 1841, and died on November 3, 1909, while the family was 
residing in McLean county, Illinois. 

l^dmer- L. Brewer received his earlier education in the grade schools 
of Lerov, Blinois, and after completing his studies was apprenticed to a 
printer in that town where he learned the trade to which he has given him- 
self since that time. He came to Hutchinson in April, of 1886, to accept a 
position with the Hiitch'uison News and has been on the staff of that publi- 
cation since that time. For eight years he was assistant foreman in the 
printing room and has been superintendent of that department for the past 
eighteen years. Mr. Brewer has also become a stockholder of the company 
and is an active member of Typographical Union No. 243, also of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Red Men. He is independent in politics and holds his 
religious membership with the Methodist Episcopal church, to the support 
of which he gives liberally of time and means. 

On januarv i. 1808, Elmer L. Brewer was married in Hutchinson to 



272 .RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Delia yi. Sloan, dauo-hter of Samuel and Elizabeth f Sheridan) Sloan, born 
at Ashland, (^hio, December 15. 186 r. Tier father was a native of Penn- 
sylvania, born m Xew Derry. Westmoreland county, December 15, 1835, 
and was a farmer all the active years of his life. Her mother, who is also 
dead, was born in Ashland. Ohio, March 10. 1840. Mrs. Brewer has two 
brothers, namely: William J- Sloan, cashier of the Halstead Bank, Hal- 
stead, this state, and Alva L. Sloan, in the abstract and title business at San 
Bernardino, California. The Brewer home is a handsome residence located 
at ('^2^ Fourth avenue. East. Plutchinson, where ]\Ir. Brewer took his bride 
shortly after their marriage. 



ALPHEUS EWER ELLIOTT. 

The late Alpheus Ewer Elliott, who for years was one of the best-known 
and most progressive merchants in Hutchinson, this county, was a native of 
Maine, having- been Ijorn in the town of \^asselboro, that state, on Novem- 
l)er 24. 1843, ^on of Francis and ]Mary (Robinson) Elliott, both natives of 
Maine. The Elliotts are of English descent, the family in this country 
having descended from an Elliott who was among the very early settlers in 
Xew England. Francis Elliott, who was a ship builder and an earnest 
Quaker, was the son of a soldier in the patriot army during the Revolution- 
ary War. He and his wife were the parents of nine children, who grew to 
maturity. 

Alpheus Ewer Elliott received his education in the public schools of 
his home town and was seventeen vears of age wdien the Civil War broke 
out. His youthful heart was tired with patriotic fervor and he at once 
attempted to enlist for ser\ice in the regiment that was being formed in his 
part of the state, but was rejected on account of his age. Nothing daunted, 
however, and >till determined to fight for the cause of the union of the 
states, he ran away from home and went to ^Fassachusetts, boldly declared 
himself to be twenty-one years of age and enlisted in tlic l^venty-second 
Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, witli which he served until the close of tlie 
war. During this full term of serxice he never was wounded, tliough hav- 
ing participated in many important and severe engagements, and never was 
on the hospital roll Init once, that temporary di.sability having been caused by 
long exposure in killing weather. 

At the close of the war Alpheus E. Elliott, then a veteran, though still 



**="•"»«««««. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 273 

little more tliaii ;i boy in years, returned to Massachusetts with his returninj^ 
regiment and stopped at l""all River, which he made ins home for more than 
ten years. He married there in 1871 and then engaged in the grocery lousi- 
ness, which lie continued (juite successfully for some years. In 1878, warned 
by the failing state of his health, and at the advice of his physician and 
friends, he decided to come West, believing that a change of climate would 
prove beneficial. With his family he came to Kansas, locating in the town 
of Ottawa, where he engaged in the loan business. After about ten years of 
residence in Ottawa, Mr. Elliott determined to push on further West, the 
state of his health again beginning to trouble him, and decided to locate at 
Cheyenne, Wyoming. En route, he stopped off at Hutchinson, this county, 
and so favorably was he impressed with general conditions and the salub- 
rity of the climate hereabout that he decided to remain. That was in 1889 
and the remainder of his life was spent in Hutchinson. Upon locating in 
Hutchinson, Mr. Elliott engaged in the retail furniture business, his place of 
business having been in the 300 block in North Main street, and there and 
thus he continued in business until 1895, in which year the gradually failing 
condition of his health compelled his retirement from business and he lived 
as an invalid for eleven years, his death occurring on February 13, 1906, 
his widow and one child sur\iving- him. His widow passed away on Novem- 
ber 27, 1915. 

On October 12, 1871, at Fall River, Massachusetts, Alpheus E. Elliott 
was united in marriage to Myra Martha Bowers, wdio w^as born in Medford, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Capt. John and Elizabeth (Jones) Bowers, mem- 
bers of old families thereabout, the two families having been represented in 
and aloout Medford for generations. John Bowers was a sea captain, mas- 
ter of his own vessel, engaged in the coastwise trade, who died of yellow 
fever at New Orleans when his only daughter, Myra, was a baby. His 
widow survived him but three years and the orphaned little girl, the only 
child, was reared by her un.cle, James Dudley, at W^altham, Alassachusetts. 

To Alpheus E. and Myra M. (Bowers) Elliott two children were born, 
Charles, who died at the age of two years, and Myra Gertrude, born in 
1877, who married Jonas Geyer, manual training instructor in the Hutchinson 
high school, and has two children, both sons, Alpheus Edward and Sheft'ey 
Elliott. Mr. and Mrs. Geyer live at the mother's old home, at 21 Sixth 
a^•enue, east, in Hutchinson, which has Ijeen the Elliott residence for the 
past quarter of a century. 
(r8a) 



2/4 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

TOSIAH WATSON ABEL. 

Josiah ^^'atson Abel, the son of William Theodore and Nancy (Watson) 
Abel, was born at Shoals, iMartin county, Indiana, the early home and the 
birthplace of both of his parents. His grandparents, on both sides, were 
pioneer settlers in the county. His maternal grandfather lost his life fight- 
ing the Indians. 

William Theodore Abel has devoted his life to farming. At the age 
of sixteen, he enlisted in an Indiana company, in 1864. and served in the 
ranks until the close of the Civil War, having taken part in the sieges of 
Nashville and Atlanta. He and his wife now live at Belle, Missouri. 

To William T. and Nancy Abel have been born the following children : 
Christopher, a contractor at Festus, Missouri; George N., a farmer at 
Byron. Missouri; Henry W., in the produce business at Belle; Isola May, at 
home with the parents; Ida, the wife of John Kite, a farmer at South 
DeSoto, Missouri; Claudia, the wife of Henry Kausler, a dairyman at Fes- 
tus, Missouri; Emma, the w-ife of Amos Nicholson, a merchant at Moun- 
tain \'iew, Missouri, and Josiah Watson. 

Josiah ^^^atson Abel received his education in the district schools of 
Martin county, and was graduated from the high school at Shoals. He 
then took two and one-half years work at the Normal school at Shoals, and 
taught in the grades of his home town, until he entered McKendree College 
at Lebanon, Illinois. After completing his college W'Ork he was ordained 
a deacon by Bishop Andrews, now deceased, and at Alton, Illinois, he was 
ordained an elder by Bishop Fitzgerald, also deceased. 

The first charge of Reverend -Vbel was at Decker Station, Indiana, where 
he remained for some time, after which he engaged in e\angelistic work in 
the Indiana Methodist conference. He was later transferred to the South- 
ern Illinois conference and for four years was pastor of the Methodist 
church at Alton, Illinois. From Alton he was transferred to Granite City, 
where he built Xiedringhaus Memorial Methodist Episcopal church. He 
then entered the Des Moines conference and served in succession at Council 
Bluffs, Carroll, Clarinda and Des Moines. In the latter city he was pastor 
of the Wesley Methodist Episcopal church. In 1912 he entered the south- 
western Kansas conference and on September 19, 191 2, he was assigned to 
the First church at Hutchinson, where lir preached his first sermon on Sep- 
tember 20, 19 1 2. In three years he has received into the church one thousand 
members, the n.iemhership now numbering about eighteen hundred. The 



liEKU COLXTV, KANSAS. 2 



/ D 



Suiulax' school lias had a ^•ra(hial growth and last year the average attend- 
ance was seven hundred and forty-six, the total enrcillment hein,i>' fourteen 
hundred. The prayer meetings are well attended, the Epworth League and 
the \'oung IVople's League haAe an attendance of two hundred. On August 
lo, 1915, the h'irst church, as a foster parent, took over the Stewart hospital 
for the Methodist Episco]x-d church. The church contrihutes twenty-two 
hundred dollars to home and foreign missions, besides maintaining a repre- 
sentative in Lidia, who is the superintendent of the Hingwah district. Three 
thousand two hundred dollars are given annually for benevolences. The 
Ladies' Aid Society is an important factor in the life of the church, the 
pastor's wife taking an active part in the work, as well as in all the other 
church .^oc'eties. The church is located at the southeast corner of Mrst 
avenue, East, and Walnut street. The society also owns a large and hand- 
some parsonage at ^^22 First avenue. East. 

Reveiend Abel is a meml)er of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Ancient Order of United Work- 
meii. He is ]M'ominent in the activities of the various orders. He has done 
much Ivceum work with the JefTries-Wicks Chautauqua System of Des 
Moines. 

On December 2'/, 1900, Josiah Watson Abel was united in marriage at 
St. Joseph, Missouri, to Lillian May, the daughter of Frederick and Kath- 
erine (Dersch) ALiy. She is a native of Brunswick, Missouri. To ^Tr. and 
]\Irs. Aliel have been l)(M-n tw o children : Katherine ^lay, born at Carrol, 
Liwa, and ^fargaret Emma, born at Des Moines. 



FRED H. CARPENTER. 



Fred H. Carpenter, son of George W. and Diana (Howard) Carpen- 
ter, was born in A\'est Stephenson, Xew York, September 20, 1857. His 
father came to Reno county in 1871 and homesteaded one hundred and 
sixtv acres, and afterward bought a railroad quarter. This land he culti- 
vated until 1880, wdien he removed to Hutchinson and went into the livery 
business, the livery barn being located wdiere the postoffice is now. He 
continued in that jjusmess until his death, which occurred on June 2S, 1903. 
George \V. Carpenter was born in West Stephentown, Xew York, August 23, 
1834. He was one of the first trustees of Cla}^ township, in Reno county, 
where he first settled; was a charter members of the Baptist church: a char- 



276 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

ter member of the Ancient Order of United ^Vorkmen; a Mason and a 
Knight Templar. His poHtical afifihations were with the Repnbhcan party. 
Diana (Howard) Carpenter was born in Rensselaer county, New York, 
November 7. 1838, and died Noveniber 17. 1868. In 1877 George W. Car- 
penter was married, secondly, to Amanda M. Bly, at A\'aterloo, Iowa. She 
is still living in Hutchinson. Fred H. Carpenter had two sisters : Minnie, 
widow of Benjamin F. Montgomery, a lawyer of Denver, Colorado; Flor- 
ence, born in Reno count}-, in 1878, died in Hutchinson in 1894. 

Fred H. Carpenter was educated in the district schools of Reno county 
and at the State Normal at Emporia, Kansas, and then took a course in civil 
engineering in die state university, at LawTence, Kansas, completing the 
course in three years. In 1880 he entered the service of the Sante Fe rail- 
road, in the ci^■il engineering department, in the town of McPherson, on the 
line between Florence and Ellinwood. Later he was transferred to old 
Mexico and then to Arizona. These positions he held until 1884, when he 
was elected county surveyor of Reno county. He held this position for ten 
years. In Noveml^er, 1884, he was appointed city engineer of Hutchinson, 
which position he held for seventeen years. Fie was the first engineer of 
Hutchinson and established all the street grades, laid out the se\ver svstem 
and Iniilt the bridges. Fie was also the surveyor for the Arkansas Valley 
Town and Land Company — the towmsite department of the Sante Fe rail- 
road — from 1890 to 1898. He has been roadmaster for the Sante Fe rail- 
road for twenty years, and now has headquarters in Hutchinson. He is a 
blue lodge, chapter and commandery Mason, and a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. His political affiliation is with the Republican 
jjarty; his church relationship is with the Presbyterian denomination. 

Mr. Carpenter was married, October 13, 1886, in Seward county, 
Kansas, to Amanda M. Saunders, who was born in Waterloo, Iowa, Octo- 
ber 10, 1865. She is the daughter of Hosea A. and Sarah J. (Bly) Saun- 
ders, who were bom near West Stephentown, New ^'ork ; the former July 7, 
1826. and the latter, March 7. 1831. Mr. Saunders w^as a blacksinith by 
trade, and was su])erintendent of the shops of the Illinois Central Railroad 
Company at Waterloo. Iowa, for a number of years, about 1870. He died 
in iSfK'. His wife died at the home of her daughter in Hutchinson. Febru- 
ary 17, 1 91 6. 

Mrs. Car])enter's brothers and sisters are: William B.. a farmer near 
Rolfe, Iowa, died in 190T ; Herbert D., a piano tuner, Portland, Oregon; 
Allen H., a farmer. Princeton. Oregon; Frank, a photographer. Woodward, 
Oklahoma; Kate B., who married Stuart V. Bradv. a lawver of Caruthers- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. ' l-^n 

\ille, Missouri, was superintendent of schools in Seward county, Kansas, 
from i(S95 to i()oi. A hrothcr of Airs. Carpenter, James T., died at the age 
of three years, in Waterloo, Iowa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carpenter have no children of their own, Init Lelia M. 
Saunders, a daughter of Herbert D. Saunders, came to live with them. 
March 9, 1895, ^^s their daughter, and has lived with them ever since. Her 
mother died on December ly, 1894. She graduated at Hutchinson high 
scliool, and at T'orest Parle University, St. Louis, Alissouri. Mr. Saunders 
has a handsome residence at 329 Fourth avenue, East. 



GEORGE LUTHER CROW. 

Among the prominent agriculturists of Reno count}', Kansas, is George 
Luther Crow, who has been a resident of this section of the state for twenty- 
seven years. He was born in Noble county, Ohio, on j\L'irch 25, 1874, and 
came to this county with his parents, Isaac and Mary (Calvert) Crow, at 
the age of fifteen years. The family traces its origin in this country to 
Frederick Crow, the great grandfather of the subject of this sketch, who 
was a native of Pennsylvania and a son of German parents. He married 
Rachel Enochs, of English descent, who accompanied him on his journey 
to the Middle West, in a covered wagon. The couple settled in Monroe 
countv, Ohio, ^vhere Mr. Crow built a large log cabin in the center of a 
forest tract he had obtained through a grant from the government. The 
cabin is still standing today and is a monument to the early struggles of the 
pioneers of that section of Ohio in which it was erected. The surrounding 
land is owned at the present time by (teorge Reed, a descendant of Frederick 
Crow. Before his death, iM-ederick Crow had become an extensive land- 
owner and was known throug-hout the community as a prominent Democrat 
of that locality. 

jacol) Crow, grandfather of the suliject of this sketch, was born in 
Pennsylvania in 1790, and as a boy traveled with his parents in the most 
primitive manner from the ]^>ast to Monroe county, Ohio. He was reared 
to the discipline of farm life and at the age of twenty-seven, after he had 
]>ecome successful as a farmer, married Mary Laisure, a native of Monroe 
county, Ohio, and the daughter of Jeremiah Laisure. a pioneer settler of 
Ohio. Soon after his marriage, Jacob Crow moved to what is now called 
Noble countv, where he entered a government claim on one hundred and 



2/8 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS 

sixty acres of land, located on the east branch of Duck creek, between the 
towns of Stafford and Harrietsville. Before his death, JMr. Crow added 
one hundred and sixty acres to his farm, which gave him profitable returns. 
At the ag'e of fifty-six years, in 1846. Air. Crow passed away. He was an 
active member of the Alethodist Episcopal church and also held a high place 
in Democratic politics. 

The children born to Air. and Airs. Jacob Crow are as follow : Eliza- 
beth, who died in Xoble county. Ohio; George, who passed away in 1889 
in Reno county. Kansas; Anne, who died in Washington county, Ohio; 
Xancy, who passed awa}- in 1809 ii"" A\'yandott county. Ohio; Isaac, who 
became the father of the subject of this sketch; Jacob, who was killed in the 
Ci\"il War while serving in the Union army; Alary, who passed away while 
still a child; Rhoda and Cynthia, both of whom died in Noble county; Alar- 
tin, who died in Hutchinson, Kansas; Robert, who died in Ohio, and Dianthe, 
who makes her home in \\Vandot county, Ohio. 

In the district schools of Xoble county, Ohio. Isaac Crow received the 
rudimentary branches of education. At the age of fourteen his father died 
and the boy was thrown upon his own resources with little or no chance of 
going to school. He followed the simple lines of farming until he reached 
the age of manhood, when he began to assume management of the farm of 
his father, and after a short time was able to buy out his mother's share in 
the estate. From year to vear he added to his possessions by buying out the 
shares of each heir until he Ijecame, through firm purpose of achievement 
and untiring energy, sole owner of the original homestead. He erected a 
beautiful residence and built one of the finest ])arns in that section of the 
county, a structure large enough to shelter tlu'ce hundred head of cattle. 
Through constant care and ai)plied labor his farm Ijecame one of the most 
cultivated in the state. In 1889 he sold the farm for the sum of fifteen 
thou.sand dollars, and moved In Reno county. Kansas, where he bought the 
west h.alf >>i section 17. in Rcnn tnwusln']). to which ho later added seventy 
acres to the southern boundary. In 1895 he moxed U) ilntchinson. where 
he resided for two years. At the end nf thai lime he decided to return once 
more to farm life, which had al\\a\s a])pealc-(l to him, and iHinglu a home 
in section i'>. nt Reno town^lii]). wherr lie lixed until h\< death, which 
occurred on Alareh t,. 1903. His wife, who is a nati\e of Alonroe count}, 
Ohio, still desides on the farm, at the age of eight)- }ears. .\t one time Air. 
Crow was owner of eight hundred and ten acres of land, most of which he 
divided among his children before his death. He was elected county com- 
missioner in 1886 and filled the duties of liis office in a manner deserving 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 279 

of the hi<^liest praise. During his three years of service he made a brilHant 
record and made more improvements in Noble county, Ohio, than that sec- 
tion of the state had experienced in twenty-live years. Among the institu- 
tions established by him at this time were the county infirmary and the chil- 
dren s' home. 

'The marriage of Isaac Crow to IMary A. Calvert took place on August 
I, 1859. Mrs. Crow is a native of Belmont county, Ohio, spent most of her 
girlhood in Monroe county, of the same state. She is the daughter of Jacob 
and Mary (Powell) Calvert, the former of whom was a Virginian, of 
Scotch-Irish descent, and the latter a native of Pennsylvania, where she was 
born of Welsh parents. Mr. Calvert enlisted in the War of 1812, but never 
entered active service. To the union of Isaac and Mary Calvert Crow the 
following children were born: Adalaska, who died in infancy; Leola Dell, 
an artist, who resides in Hutchinson, Kansas ; Edward Gordon, w-ho follows 
the occupation of a farmer in Salt Creek township, Reno county; Charles 
R., who died in infancy; Cornelia, who is also dead; Elizabeth, who became 
the wife of Frank Danford and who resides in Reno county. Kansas; W. R., 
a resident of Plutchinson ; George, the subject of this sketch; Roswell Hol- 
land, who died in infancy, and Otis, a farmer of Colorado. 

George Luther Crow attended the public schools of Noble county. Ohio, 
and came West with his parents, wdio settled in Reno county. Kansas, about 
1889. On his father's farm the subject of this sketch learned some of his 
mo.st valuable lessons regarding agricultural life. After reaching the age of 
manhood he assumed management of his father's farm and continued at this 
occupation until he was able to buy a farm of his own. He bought a quarter 
of a section of land in Reno township, of this county, where he lives at the 
present time. The farm is located in section 19, township 23, raaige 6 west. 
From time to time he has continued to buy small tracts of land until he is 
now considered an extensive landowner. He owns eighty acres in section 
18, and half a section of pasture land near the vicinity of Hutchinson, the 
exact location of which is in the north half of section 13, township 2t„ 
range 6 west. Mr. Crow makes a specialty of raising fine cattle and mules 
and has one hundred and fifty young mules on hand annually. He gives 
much time to the breeding of cattle and keeps a herd of two hundred and 
fifty head of full-bred Galloway cattle. He has kept the farm in the best 
state of improvement and has built, aside from other 1)uildings. a large 
cement barn. 

Mr. Crow has a personality w^hich has gained for him a wide popu- 
larity in the community in which he lives. As a member of the Republican 



280 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

part}- he has been elected to serve on the township school board. He takes 
an acti\-e interest in educational affairs and talks as an authority on school 
questions of tlie township. Fraternally. ]\lr. Crow is a member of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Since the building of the first Alethodist church in Reno township, when he 
acted as a member of the building; committee, the subject of this sketch has 
taken an active interest in church welfare. 

The marriage of George L. Crow and Katie Jackson took place on 
January 23, 1895. Mrs. Crow, who is the daughter of James Jackson, is a 
native of Saline county, Missouri. Her father, who was a fanner and a 
stockman, lived with his daughter during the four years preceding his death, 
\\hich occurred after he had reached the age of seventy-four years. 

Mr. and ^Nlrs. Crow have one daughter, Oberia, who was born on 
December 2/, 1897, and an adopted son, Gilbert, who, though not legally 
adopted, has made his home with the Crow family since he was three years 
old, or since 1905. They also raised Golden Hall from early childhood 
until her marriage to Ira Baldwin, a traveling man of ?^Iedford, Oklahoma. 



T. R. AIcLAUGHLIN. 



T. R. ]\IcLaughlin, a retired farmer of Hutchinson, Reno county, Kan- 
sas, was born in Henry county, Illinois, January 26, 1855, the son of Dr. 
Josiah B. and Harriett (McMillan) McLaughlin, both of whom were born 
in Butler county, Pennsylvania, and are now deceased. Dr. Josiah B. Mc- 
Laughlin was a doctor of medicine and practiced for many years in Illinois. 
He was a stanch Republican in politics and was always more or less active 
in j)olitical affairs. Both he and his wife were devout members of the 
Methodist church and brrnight their family up in that faith. They were the 
parents of ten children, all of whom are living except one. The children 
are as follow: T. R., the subject of this .'sketch; Catherine, who married 
C. J. Myers, a grocer of Davenport, Iowa; Henry, a fruit farmer near 
Seattle, Washington; Frank, a barber of Geddes, South Dakota; Lizzie, 
who married Richard Stults. a merchant of Oronogo. Missouri; Harriett, 
who married a Mr. Yergin and died in I'elimary, 191 3. at Sterling, Illinois, 
where she was a doctor known as H. A. Yergin, M. D. ; Minnie, who mar- 
ried Harrv Beaumont, of Chicago, Illinois, and is a teacher of vocal music 
at Drake's University; Anna, who is the wife of Thomas Morton, a real- 



RKNO COUNTY, KANSAS. 2rSl 

estate dealer of Mitehell, South Dakota; James, a l)arber of Webb City, Mis- 
souri; ami drace, wlin is the wife of Ves I'arker, a contractor and builder 
of Portland, Oregon. 

T. 1\. AicLaughlin received his education in the district schools of his 
home neighborhood, in Henry county. Illinois, and later attended the graded 
schools of Woodhull, llenry county. He followed farming during all of 
his acti\'e life, beginning this occupation in Henry county, from which he 
moved to Marshall county, Illinois, where he remained for eight years, and 
then went to Finney county, Kansas. On January 20, 1884, Mr. McLaugh- 
lin came to Reno county, settling first in Reno township, later in Grant town- 
ship and finally in Salt Creek township, where he owns three hundred and 
twenty acres of land, part of which is situated in section 26 and part in 
section 27. Besides this land, he homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres 
in Hodgeman county, Kansas, which he sold. He resided in Partridge, 
Reno county, for four years or until August 30, 191 5, when he moved to 
Hutchinson, where he owns a beautiful residence at 404 Twelfth avenue, 
East, and other property. 

Mr. McLaughlin was married on December 31, 1889. in Oronogo, 
Missouri, to lantha Plendrickson. who was born on March 27. 1863, in Fay- 
ette county, Iowa, and is the daughter of Ulysses and Mary J. (Cochran) 
Hendrickson, both natives of Holmes county, Ohio, the former born on 
April 24, 1832, and the latter on February 28, 1837. Ulysses Hendrickson 
was a farmer by occupation and moved to Jasper county, Missouri, in 1866, 
where he later engaged in lead and zinc mining. In 1874 he was elected 
sheriff of Jasper county, serving in this office for two years, and in 1888 
was elected to the state Senate, where he served for four years. In 1908 
he came to Reno county, settling in Center township, where he lived until 
his death, \vhich occurred while he was on a trip to Jasper county. May 19, 
1912. He was a prominent members of the Masonic fraternity in this 
county. l\Ir. and Mrs. Hendrickson were the parents of six children, \vhose 
names, besides Mrs. McLaughlin, are as follow : C. Perry, a retired farmer 
of Hutchinson; John P., a retired farmer of Hutchinson; Minerva, the 
widow of Harvey Davies. a farmer of Reno county, and Cole, a commercial 
traveler of Hutchinson. I'o Mr. and Mrs. T. R. McLaughlin have been 
born two daughters, Frerla and Katherine. Freda, who was born in Reno 
county, August 9, 1893. i'^ ^ graduate of the Partridge high school, attended 
Mt. Carmel Academy at Wichita for one year, and is now' attending business 
college at Hutchinson. Katherine. who is generally known as Cassie, was 



282 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

lx)rn on April 7, 1907, and i? now attending the north side grade school at 
Hutchinson. 

Politically. Air. ^TcLanghlin is a Democrat and has always taken a very 
active interest in ])olitics, having filled several offices in this county. While 
a resident t^t Grant townshi]:) he served as clerk for two years and had been 
elected to the office of trustee. Ixit did not get to fill this office on account 
of his removal to Salt Creek towaiship. He also served as a member and 
clerk of the school board of Salt Creek township for twelve years, and as a 
member and treasurer of the school board of Partridge for four years. 



THURMAN J. BIXLER. 



Thurman J. Bixler, son of James ^V. and Josephine E. (Frone) Bixler, 
was born in Americus, Kansas, March 21, 1888. His father was born on 
October 21, 1858, and is now a retired groceryman, hving in Hutchinson, 
Kansas; he is a member of the Baptist church. His mother was born in 
New York, October 28, 1862, and died in Plutchinson, March 20, 19 14. 
She was a member of the Episcopal church. The brothers and sisters of 
Thurman J. Bixler are: Carrie E., who married Albert Harmon, a creamery 
man in Hutchinson; Sarah A., married George Schultz, a grocer in Hutchin- 
son; Earl F.. a clerk in the employ of the D. J. Farr Lumber Company, in 
Hutchinson; John A., a grocer in Hutchinson; Xellie C).. bookkeeper at San 
Diego, California, in the employ of the Home Telephone Company; Gould 
F., chemist with Swift Company, died on July 21. 1914; Helen G., steno- 
grapher with Guymon-Peters Mercantile Company, in Hutchinson. 

Thurman J. Bixler was educated at the Afaple street school, in Hutchin- 
son, passing through the eighth grade. On October 8, 1906, he went into the 
coal business, which he continued for three years. Tn 1909 he engaged in 
tiie elevator business, at 91T-913-915 Scjuth Alain street; this, in connection 
with a feed business, he conducted for about two years. In 191 1 he embarked 
in the bottling business, manufacturing a l^everage known as "Bixler's Fa- 
mous Soda Water." and he is engaged in that line of business, as sole pro- 
prietor an<l (iwncr at the present time. He manufactures all flavors of soda 
water and fruit drinks. He is also tlic in\ cntor of the T. J. Bixler Automa- 
tic Bottle Feed, which is a great time and labor-saving machine in a bottling 
plant 

Mr. Bixler v.as married, April 3, 1907, in Hutchinson, Kansas, to 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 283 

Orlena Rabner, daughter of Edward T.. and Rachel (Hurn) Rabner; she 
was born in Hutchinson, September 4, 1893. Her father was Ijorn in Rus- 
sell county, Kansas, b»)rnary jo, 1S68; he is a steani-fitter in Chicago, 
Illinois. Her mother was born in rennsylvania. March 29, 1868; both are 
members of the Presbyterian church. 

John A. Bixley, besides being- a successful Imsiness man, is also an 
aviator of some note. He studied aviation with the I)enoist Aircraft Com- 
pany, of St. Louis. Missouri, and with the Wright Brothers, of Dayton, 
Ohio, and was graduated at l)oth places. He has made successful flights at 
St. Louis, Dayton and Hutchinson, at exhibitions. He holds international 
license No. 246, received from the Aero Club of America. He was born in 
Americus, Kansas, October 2, 1885; married Mattie C. Sames, daughter of 
William J. and Isabel Sames, in Hutchinson, P^ebruary 14, 1906; the daugh- 
ter was born in Hutchinson, October 10, 1887. They have four children: 
Dorothy Marie, born on December 17, 1906; John Albert, February 22, 
1908; Dallas D.. February 17, 1910: Flelen M., May 7, 1912. 

For two years John A. Bixler was in the poultry and egg business with 
his brother, Earl F., and has since been engaged in the grocery business by 
himself, at 909 South Main street, in Hutchinson. William J. Sames died 
in Hutchinson, July 25, 1908; his wife is still living in Hutchinson. 

The Bixlers have taken much interest in navigation. They were the 
only persons in Hutchinson who had a boat during the flood of 1903 and 
1904, a\ailable for rescue purposes. They made good use of their boat in 
saving persons and property threatened with the raging flood, and made no 
charge for their services. James W., Earl F. and Gould F. Bixler made a 
trip from Hutchinson. Kansas, to Ft. Smith, Arkansas, on the Arkansas 
river. 



JOHN H. CAMPBELL. 



John H. Campbell, son of James M. and Sarah A. (McDonald) Camp- 
bell, was born in Flampshire county, Virginia, April 5, 1855. His father 
was born in I'ayette county, Virginia (now West Virginia), February 13, 
1829. When a youth the father lived at Harper's Ferry, and began rail- 
roading as a brakeman in 1850 on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad between 
Wheeling and W'ashington, D. C. He was fireman on the locomotive that 
pulled the first train over the mountains in 1832; a few months later he was 
made an engineer. Railroading was verv dilhcult in those davs, the moun- 



284 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

tains were crossed by a system of switchbacks, a slow and tedious manner 
01 travel compared to the hnely-equipped trains ])ullc(l liv the massive engines 
of the present day. 

The growing; bitterness on account of the agitation of the slavery ques- 
tion I^etween the North and tlie South was intensified by the John Brown 
affair at Harper's Ferry in 1S50. Even at that time there was talk of 
secession and disunion l)y the radical southern leaders, and those \\ho were 
not in sympath)- with this radical sentiment found their environment any- 
thing but pleasant. James M. Campbell was a strong Union man, and, with 
a desire to find a location in a community more in harmony with his senti- 
ments, moved to Illinois in the later fifties. In 1878 he came to Reno county, 
Kansas, and homesteaded eighty acres of land in Salt Creek township, 
and bought one hundred and sixty acres adjoining, which he farmed until he 
retired, in 1875. He then removed to Hutchinson, where he lived at 426 
Tenth avenue, until his death, on February 2, 1916. He was a member of 
the United Brethren church and is independent in politics. 

The paternal grandfather of John H. Campbell was John Campbell, 
who was a pioneer settler in Greenbrier county, Virginia, and built one of 
the first houses erected in that county. He was a farmer and stock raiser. 
He married Elizabeth Kesler, a daughter of Jacob Kesler, whose mother 
was of German descent. The paternal great-grandfather was also a native 
of Virginia. He was captured by the Indians and used as a pack carrier for 
two years before he made his escape from his captors. Sarah A. ( McDon- 
ald) Campbell was born in A^'irginia in 1832. She was the daughter of 
John McDonald. John H. Campbell's brothers and sisters are: Joseph W., 
a farmer in Reno county, born in Tlampshire connty, A'irginia, June 5, 1853; 
James C, a farmer in Reno county, born in Lee county, Illinois, in 1859, 
was formerly a building contractor in Hutchinson, Kansas, and Aurora, Illi- 
nois; P. E.. born in Lee countv. Illinois, in t86i, is a grocery merchant in 
Hutchinson; Jacob L., born in Lee count}-, llliudis, died in infancy; Lacey 
.\nn. born in Lee countv. Illinois, in 1870, died in Reno county, at the age 
of fourteen years. 

John H. Campbell was educated in the district schools of Lee county. 
Illinois, and was kept at work on his father's farm when not in school. In 
1877, .'^oon after attaining his majority, he came to Kansas and homesteaded 
one hundred and sixty acres of land, in section 21, township 2^. range 12, 
in Rose valley. Stafford county; it is now a ])art of Union township. Staf- 
ford county. He arrived in Hutchinson on an enn'grant train June 11, 1877. 
The water through which the train had to pass at that time was up to the 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 285 

axles of the cars and the streets of Hutchinson were flooded, so tlial it was 
necessary for him to take a hoat to reach the l\eno Mouse, where he put u|) 
for the nig;ht. Next nioruinj^- he crossed Cow creek hridge, which was 
anchored with chains, and found enoui^h ij^rass on the other side to ])ro\-i(le 
his three horses with their morning feed. Finally, after these and many 
other discouraging experiences, he reached his intended location and estah- 
lished a temporary home. He Iiegan the improvement of his land, and some 
time later added to his cares liy the purchase of the southwest c^uarter of 
section 21, township 25, range 12, in Stafford county. In the first township 
election held in the township in which Mr. Campl)ell located, his house was 
used as the voting place. Tn lieu of a regulation receptacle for the deposit 
of votes an old copper kettle was used as a hallot box. Several years later 
this kettle was taken to St. Johns, the county seat of Stafford county, and 
kept as an interesting historic relic. 

Mr. Campbell engaged in farming quite extensively, adding to the 
improvement and value of his lands from year to year. In 1886 he engaged 
in the grain business in Stafford county and devoted his attention to this 
line of business largely until 1892. In the early part of 1893 he went to 
Kansas City, Missouri, to engage in business with the Jones Dry Goods 
Company, in which he was a stockholder. In this business he had charge 
of the furniture, carpets and draperies department for about ten years. In 
1902 he retired from the firm on account of his health. During the time he 
was connected with this firm the business increased rapidly from year to 
vear, as indicated by the fact that the number of employees- of the house had 
increased from thirty-two to one thousand and thirty-six in that ten-year 
period. 

For four years Mr. Campbell was in the wholesale carpet business at 
i8r North Main street, Hutchinson, as a member of the firm of Fontron, 
Leigengood & Campbell, who 1)Ought the business and were the successors 
of Wall & Wall. Then, after traveling for one year, he engaged in the 
grocerv business with his Ijrother, 1*. L. Campbell, for fonr years. He was 
then engaged in the lumber business for two years, to 1913, when he retired. 
During these years, in which he had 1)een engaged in various business enter- 
prises, he had been uniformlv successful and made large investments of his 
accumulaterl profits in lands. His holdings in real estate at the present time 
are: Three hundred and twenty acres in Lane county, one hundred and 
sixty acres in Coffev county, four hundred and eighty acres in Staft"ord 
county, one thousand six hundred acres in Hamilton county — a total of two 
thousand and eighty acres of Kansas lands. In addition to this he is the 



286 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

owner of Vciluable real estate in Hutchinson, incliidino- his fine residence at 
28 Sixth avenue. West. He was a member of the school board, of Stafford, 
Kansas, and is a member of the I'irst Christian church, of Hutchinson. His 
political afhliation is witli the Republican party. 

John H. Campbell \\as married on December 24. 1882. in Reno county, 
Kansas, to Mary AF. Warnock, daui^hter of Lewis W. Wamock. Airs. Camp- 
bell was born in Missouri, February 9, 1862, and died in Hutchinson, Kan- 
sas, Alay 22, iQii. Her father v;as a farmer and died in Reno county, 
Kansas, in 1895. ^^ ^^"^^^ ^ member of the United Brethren church, and a 
Republican. Air. and AFrs. Campbell was the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Leona A. married Paul R. Hunter, a printer in Hutchinson ; Irving 
Al., in the furniture business in Silvia, Reno county; Aland AL. married 
Alike T. Rell. a farmer in Coft"ey county; Jennie AI., married Joseph Ray. a 
sheet metal worker and plumber, in Stafford, Kansas; Sarah, "Sadie'' A., 
married Joseph Thomas, salesman in the Hutchinson supply store; "W^illiam 
C, a farmer in Stafford county. Kansas; Andrew, attending school in 
Hutchinson. 

Air. Campbell is one of the live, progressive citizens of Hutchinson, a 
man of upright character and strict integrity, a capable business man and 
socially agreeable; he commands the confidence and respect of the com- 
munitv of which he is an honored citizen. 



RE\\ WILLIAAI AI. FARRELL. 

Rev. William AI. I-'arrell, son of William !•". and Alargaret (Cunning- 
ham) Farrell, was born in Kentland, huliana. Alay 12, 1876. His father 
was born in Urbana, Ohio, in 1840, and died in Independence. Kansas, in 
1881. He was freight agent of the railroad which passed through Kentland. 
Airs. Alargaret I'"arrell was born in Lafayette. Indiana, in 1855, and is now 
living with her .son in Hutchinson. The only daughter, I^1izal)eth Alay. was 
born in Kentland. Indiana. June 12, 1878; she married Harry I-". Sinclair, 
engaged in the oil business at Tulsa, Oklahoma. 

William AI. Farrell received his education in the parochial schools of 
Independence, Kansas, which he attended for two years, receiving instruc- 
tion in that institution under the management of the Jesuits during the 
years 1887 and 1888. For six years after leaving that institution, 1889 to 
1895, he was employed as a clerk in AF. J. Paul's wholesale grocery com- 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 287 

pany, of Independence, Kansas. Tlis early anihition was to adopt the cleri- 
cal profession as his life work and his i)lan> were ail furmed with that pnr- 
pose in view. Having to depend largely npon his own effort to secure 
means to ohtain the necessary education to lit him for his chosen profession, 
he engaged in such einploxment as he could tind. In his six-years' service 
with the wholesale grocery company he demonstrated the fact that he was 
possessed of excellent Iju^iness (|uahties, and gave promise of great success 
in husiness lines, hut his amhition was in a different direction. He left his 
business employment and entered the St. Benedict College, at Atchison, Kan- 
sas, and after four years in that institution graduated with a diploma in the 
classical course. He then entered Kenrick Seminary, in St. Louis, Missouri, 
graduating after two years in philosophy. He then went to Rome, Italy, 
anil si)ent four years as a student in the North American College of that 
city, studying theology, at the propaganda school of theology. He graduated 
in theology with two degrees. Bachelor of Arts and Professor of Theology, 
in 1905, and was ordained, December 16, 1905. at the Capranica College, by 
Cardinal Respighi, Vicar General of Rome. After a tour of Europe he 
returned to America and liegan his clerical work. January 15, 1906. in the 
diocese of the cathedral of \^^ichita. Kansas, where he remained for two 
years and six months. While there, in addition to his pastoral duties, he 
was the editor and publisher of the Catholic Advance, which was the official 
organ of Wichita, Concordia and Leavenworth. Kansas, and of Oklahoma 
City. Oklahoma. 

Reverend Farrell came to Hutchinson, July. 1908. and continued the 
publication of the Advance for a year at this place. He then became pastor 
of St. Teresa's CathoHc church, at 205 Fifth avenue. East, which was at that 
time a small frame building, with a seating capacity of about one hundred 
and fifty. The energy and earnest devotion which he applied to his work, 
and the faithfulness with \vhich he discharged his pastoral duties, brought 
new life and spirit to his charge and the congregation increased in numbers 
to such an extent that the little frame church was of insufficient capacity to 
accommodate the w^orshipers. A larger and more commodious building was 
a necessitv. and steps were taken to secure it. In this project the pastor, by 
his business experience and good judgment, was well fitted to take the lead. 
A collection to secure the necessary funds was started, September i, 1909, 
and the cornerstone of the new building was laid with due ceremony in 
May, 1910. The building was completed and dedicated May 18. 191 1. an 
occasion of happiness and rejoicing for this congregation, when they could 
look upon the completion of a work for which they had unitedly and gen- 



288 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

erously contrilmted. The completed building is an imposing structure of 
brick and stone, of artistic architectural design, with all modern appoint- 
ments and conveniences. The interior finish is modest .and tasteful, in har- 
mony with the general design and character of the l)uilding-. The auditorium 
has a seating capacity of about six hundred. 

There are two missions connected with the parish of St. Teresa's Catho- 
lic church, one at Xickerson, the other at Castleton, both in Reno county. 
The latter has about one hundred communicants. 

In addition to his labors in the pastoral charge of this church and its 
allied missions, Re\'erend Farrell is assistant chaplain of the state reforma- 
tory at Hutchinson. He is also actively identified with every civic move- 
ment that has for its object the uplift of humanity and the benefit of the 
community of which he is an honored citizen. He is a member of the Hutch- 
inson Commercial Club, and contributes of his influence and energ}^ in the 
promotion of even- enterprise that tends to the increase and development 
of Hutchinson, a city in whose continued growth and prosperity he has 
unlx)un(led confidence. His fraternal association is with the Knights of 
Columbus, of which he has long been a prominent member. He is inde- 
pendent in politics, giving his support to the candidate whom he considers 
best fitted for the office to which he aspires, regardless of the political faith 
to v.-hich the candidate subscribes. 



SAMUEL S. GRAYBHT.. 

One night at a banquet in Topeka. Samuel S. Graybill. present popular 
postmaster at Hutchinson, this county, was introduced as toastmaster of the 
occasion as "'the man \\\v) knows more men in Kansas than any other man in 
the state;"' and this prandial compliment was well deserved and probably 
within the exact limits of the truth, for there are mighty few persons of 
consequence in Kansas with whom .Mr. Graybill is not. at least, on speaking 
terms, and with most of whom he enjoys an intimate acquaintance. This 
unusually wide acquaintance is based upon his many years as a stockman, 
during which time he traveled widely and constantly over the state buying 
cattle, and upon his long connection with state political circles, during which 
time he has missed very few occasions for mingling with his fellows at such 
times as politicians are wont to foregather. His jovial, whole-souled man- 
ner of greeting his fellow men has made Mr. Graybill not only one of the 




t^ 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 289 

best-known men in the state, Intt one of the most popular, and it is but fitting 
and proper that some extended mention be made of him here in this history 
of the county in which he has so long resided and in the affairs of which 
he takes so deep an interest. 

Samuel S. Graybill was born in Juanita county, Pennsylvania, Novem- 
ber 29, i860, son of Amos and Mary (Shelley) Graybill, both natives of 
that same county, the former of wdiom, born in 1828, died in 1900, and the 
latter, born in 1835, died in 1912, both having spent their last days in Kansas. 

Amos Graybill was reared on a farm in Juanita county, Pennsylvania, 
his parents devout Mennonites and earnest-minded people, one of whose sons, 
William, was a bishop in the ]\Iennonite church. In his native county Amos 
Graybill married an earnest Mennonite maiden, Mary Shelley, and settled 
down on a farm nearby his father's home, where to him and his wife ten 
children were born. In 1874, attracted by the many flattering reports 
emanating at that time from Kansas, Mr. Graybill sold his place in Pennsyl- 
vania and with his family emigrated to this state. He bought the relinquish- 
ment of a homestead right in Harvey county and there made his new home, 
farming the place quite successfully until 1884, in which year he and his 
wife retired from the farm and moved to the town of Newton, where they 
spent the rest of their Hves in pleasant comfort. The sons of the family 
were not particularly attracted to life on the farm and all engaged in busi- 
ness in Newton. 

Samuel S. Graybill received his early education in the public schools of 
his home neighborhood in Pennsylvania and at the academy at Port Royal, 
that state, and was preparing to enter the Pennsylvania State Normal when 
his plans were interrupted by the removal of the family to this state in 1874. 
The year following his arrival in Kansas, 1875, memorable as "grasshopper 
year," he worked on the railroad section, afterward assisting in the develop- 
ment of the homestead place until 1879, in which year he went to New^ton 
and for a year clerked in a grocery store. He then transferred his services 
to a Newton druggist and for thirteen years w^as engaged as a drug clerk, 
acquiring in that time a thorough acquaintance with the drug trade. In 
June, 1893, ^^^*- Graybill left Newton and came to this county, locating at 
Hutchinson, where he has ever since made his home. For the first year 
after arriving in Hutchinson. Mr. Graybill clerked in the drug store of 
Charles Winslow, after which he engaged in business for himself, opening a 
drug store at the corner of Alain and Sherman streets, which he conducted 
wMth much success until 1897, in which year a severe attack of pleurisy left 
(19a) 



jgO RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

liis health so unsettled that he decided to get out of the store and into the 
open and to this end went into the live-stock business. l)uying and selling 
cattle, in which business his son presently became associated with him and 
they bought cattle from all parts of southwestern Kansas, shipping the same 
tn Kansas City and Wichita, building up an extensive business in that line. 
In the spring of 191 3 Air. Graybill was appointed by Governor Hodges as a 
member of the Kansas state live stock commission and served in that capac- 
itv until the time of his resignation, in September, 1914, to accept the 
appointment as postmaster of Hutchinson, in which important public capac- 
itv he is now serving. 

I-'or years 'Sir. Grayljill has been active in the ranks of the workers 
in the Democratic party, not only throughout this section, but in the state at 
large, and is one of the best-known politicians in the state. He has attended 
every state convention of his party since the year 1890 and is consequently 
one of the most familiar figures present at those biennial functions. For nine- 
teen consecutive years he Avas precinct committeeman in his home precinct 
and was secretary of the Reno county Democratic central committee for six 
years; a member of the Democratic state committee for eight years and 
attached to the executive committee of the same for six years. He was a 
delegate to the Democratic national convention at DeuAer in 1908. He 
has attended every Democratic congressional convention ever held in the 
.«;eventh Kansas district and for six years was chairman of the congressional 
district committee of his party. \Mien the commission form of government 
was adopted in the city of Hutchinson. [Mr. Graybill was made commissioner 
of health and public buildings and it was during his incumbenc}- in that 
ofticc, and under his direction, that the great convention hall in that city 
was erected. 

( )n .\i)ril 7, 1886. Samuel S. Graybill was united in marriage to ]\Iinnie 
Kirlin, who was born in Anderson, Indiana, daughter of Cyrus Kirlin and 
wife, who moved from their Indiana home to Newton. Kansas, when their 
(laughter. Minnie, was five years of age. the former spending the last ten 
years of his life in Mr. Graybill's home in Hutchinson, where he died at the 
age of ninety years and four months. Tn Mr. and Mrs. Graybill two chil- 
dren have been born. Preston B., born in 1890, who, after a course in the 
Kansas State.Agricultural College, married Bertha Templin. in November. 
ic>i4. and is now engaged in the dairy business on one of his father's farms 
near Hutchinson, and Marguerite, born in 1892, who. after being graduated 
from the Hutchinson high school, took a course in the University of Kansas. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 2(Jl 

'I he (lray!)ills have a very ])lcasant lioiiic at 334 Sheniian street, east, built 
111 1007. 

Air. (iraxliill is a thirl y-seeond degree Mason, a iTieml)er of the con- 
sistory (^f the Scottish Rite at W^ichita. He has been thrice past eminent 
counsellor and has been honored in haxinj^" held every chair in every de.s^ree 
ol his lionie lodge, a di^tin^•tion held perhaps b}' but one other Mason in 
Hutchinson. 



MORRISON H. BROWN. 

Morrison M. Brown, son of Dr. I'elix G. and Elizabeth A. (Wake- 
field) Brown, was born in Washington county, Kentucky, July 24, 1871. 
His father was born in Indiana, January 6. 1843, ^"*^1 ^'^''^^ reared and edu- 
cated in Taylorsville, Kentucky, by his maternal uncle, John Wakefield. He 
attended medical lectures in St. Louis, Missouri, and graduated there in 
1868. He began his practice as a physician in Washington county, Ken- 
tucky, remaining there until 1885, when he removed to Hutchinson, where 
he continued to practice his jirofession until his death, wdiich occurred on 
April 29, 1901. Before he went to St. Louis to attend medical college, Felix 
G. Brown was engaged for some time in teaching school in Kentuckv. He 
was a member of the Knights of Pythias, and of the Modern Woodmen of 
America ; also a member of the Hutchinson Commercial Club. His church 
relationship was with the Southern Methodist church ; his political affiliation, 
was with the Democratic party. In the early part of the Ci\'il War, Doctor 
Brown enlisted as a soldier in the Union arni)- and served ninety ckus. 

Elizabeth A. ( Wakefield ) Brown was born in Washington conntv. 
Kentucky, Octol^er 8, 1851, and is still living in Hutchinson. She was the 
daughter of John H. and Roxy ( WVathers ) Wakefield. Lfer father was 
born in Nelson county, Kentucky, about 1829, and died in Washin.gton 
county, Kentucky, in 1891. Lie was a farmer, a Methodist and a Democrat. 
Her mother was born in the same county of which her father was a native. 
Novem1)er, 1837, and died in Washington county, Kentucky, Alarch. 1904, 
Her only other son, William Ernest, was born in Washington conntv, Ken- 
tucky, Octofier 21, 1876. He is a traveling salesman for the Wheeler tS: 
Motter Mercantile Company, of St. Joseph, Missouri, and has offices in 
A'[uskogee, Oklahoma. 

xMorrison H. Brown was educated in the grade and high schools of 
Hutchinson, and then took a po'^ition as salesman in st(n-es in Hutchinson, 



292 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

He was eniiilovcd for some time in the store of P. Aiartin Dry Goods Com- 
pany, and afterward was with the Rosahani^h-AA'iley Dry Goods Company. 
In 190Q he accepted a position with the Ely «S: Walker Dry Goods Company, 
of St. Louis. j\lissouri. as travelini^- salesman, in which capacity he is still 
employed, with offices in th.e Rosahangh-A\^iley Imilding. Hutchinson. Kan- 
sas. Mr. IJrown is a memher of the Elks, and of the Elutchinson Commer- 
cial Clul). His political afliliation is with the Democratic party. He has 
resided at 551 Avenue. Jiast. for many years, and is building a new home 
there at the present time. 

]\Ir. Brown was married at Great Bend, Kansas, May 23, 1900, to 
Julia H. ^^'esley, daughter of Paul V. and Susannah (Godby) Wesley. Mrs. 
Brown was born in Paintsville, Kentucky, March 16, 1878. Her father w^as 
born in Pulaski county, Kentucky, March 31, 1849, and died at Great Bend, 
Kansas, where he \vas pastor of the First Methodist church, in September, 
1884. Her mother was born in Casey county, Kentucky, March 28, 1846. 
and is still living in Great Bend, Kansas. 

Two children have been born to ]\lr. and Mrs. Brown. They are Eula 
Elizabeth, born in Hutchinson, February 7, 1902, and Wesley Ernest, born 
in Hutchinson. June 22, 1907. 



PARKE SMITH. 



Parke Smith, son of Albert G. and Anna (Parke) Smith, was born in 
Putnam county, Indiana, July 25. 1875. His father was born in Ohio, May 
9, 1847, ^"<^ was a principal of the high school in Greencastle, Indiana, for 
several years. In 1878 he mo\cd to Medicine Lodge, Barber county, Kan- 
sas, where he engaged in the business of farming and stock raising. In 
1884 he removed to .Arizona, where he continued in the same line of busi- 
ness. He died in Pratt county. Kansas, jaiuiary 25. 1886. He was a mas- 
ter Mason, and an active member of the .Methodist church, being county 
superintendent of I'utman county Sunday schools. [^oliticall\", he was an 
advocate of the i)rinciples of the Republican ])art\- and gave his support to 
candidates of that ])arty, being elected superintendent of Putman county 
schools. 

Anna (Parke) .Smith was born in Putnam county, Indiana, June 15, 
1855. She was the daughter of James and Mary J. Parke. Her father 
owned two hundred and eighty acres of land in f'utnam county, Indiana, and 



RKNO COUNTY, KAXSAS. 20^ 

was liy uccupaliiiii a lanner. lie (lied about l8<Sj. Ilcr iiiutlicr wa^ burn 
abniit i82g. and is still lixiiiiL;- in I Intcliinson. She is one of the oldest mem- 
bers of the AieLhodisL church, in which she has lonj;' Ijeen a faithful wor- 
shiper. 

ddie brothirs and sisters of I'arke Smith are: doldwin, born in rutnam 
count}-, In.diana, October j6, 1878, died on July 25, 1896, from the effects 
of becoming overheated in riding a bic\'cle; Alary Alvesta, b(jrn in Medicine 
Lodge, Kansas. September 6, 1880, died on October 12, i88t ; Roy, born in 
Medicine Lodge, Kansas, October 14, 1882, is in business with the subject 
of this sketch, in the "Brunswick Smoker," 211 North Main street, Hutch- 
inson; Junita, born in Tombstone. Arizona, November 23, 1884, married 
George Lynch, who is engaged in the general mercantile business in Gales- 
burg, Illinois. 

Parke Smith- was educated in the public schools of Hutchinson and 
attended the high school for two years. He then held a position in the store 
of J. H. F. Llate, grocer and baker, for three years; afterward in the 
grocerv business with Kanage & Smith Brothers, for two years. In 1898 
and 1899 he was in Arizona, as secretary of the Erie Cattle Company. 
Returning to Kansas, he was engaged in the restaurant business for nearly 
two years in St. Johns, Kansas, and afterward in the same line of business 
in Hutchinson for four years. In 1907 he engaged in the tobacco and cigar 
business, opening a store at 211 North Main street, known as the "Bruns- 
wick Smoker," which he has continued to the present time. Before coming 
to Hutchinson, Mr. Smith moved with his father from Putnam county, 
Indiana, to Medicine Lodge, Kansas, in 1878, and to Tombstone, Arizona, 
in 1884. He is a member of the Hutchinson Commercial Club, and also a 
member of the Elks lodge in ITutchinson. Political!}', he affiliates with the 
Republican party, and, wdthal, he is a very pleasant and capable business 
man. with a wdllingness at all times to aid and encourage every enterprise 
that tends to the development of the industrial interests of the community 
of wdiich he is a citizen. 

Parke Smith was married on November 6, 1899, to Anna L. W'imple- 
berg. daughter of William and Sarah Wimpleberg. Mrs. Smith was born 
in Indiana. March 25, 1875. Her father w^as a retail flour merchant; both 
he and his wife died in Hutchinson in 1913. He was a Republican, a veteran 
of the Civil War, and a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. Albert. 
born in St. John. Kansas, September 12, 1900, is the only child of Air. and 
Airs. .Smith. 



294 REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

E. E. SCHMITT. 

E. R. Sclimitt, a well-known resident of Pretty Prairie, this county, 
who has been actively connected with the work of the Rock Milling and 
Elevator Company of that place since 1909. is a nati\e son of the Sunflower 
state, having been born at Halstead, Kansas, September 4, 1880, son of D. 
W. and Anna ( Graber) Schmitt, the former a native of Germany and the 
latter of Poland, v.ho later came to Reno county and located at Pretty Prairie, 
where both spent the remainder of their lives. 

D. W. Schmitt. who was born on June 6. 1852, was but two years old 
when his parents, Johannas Schmitt and wife, came to the United States 
from Germany in 1854 and located near Summerfield, Illinois, where they 
spent the rest of their lives, active members of the Alennonite community in 
that section of the state. When a young man D. W. Schmitt. who had 
become an excellent carpenter, came to Kansas and located at Halstead. 
There he met and married Anna Graber, who was born on September 30, 
1861, daughter of John C. and Fannie (Stuckey) Graber, and who was about 
ten vears old when her narents came to the United States from Russian 

1 

Poland in 1871. settling at Plalstead, this state, where they lived for about 
four years, at the end of which time they moved north of Mound Ridge, 
whence, in 1888, they came to Reno county, where John C. Graber died in 
February, 1907, and where his widow is still living, being now nearly eighty 
years of age. j 

In the fall of 1889 D. W. Schmitt and family came to Reno county and 
located at Pretty Prairie, where Mr. Schmitt engaged in contract and car- 
pentering and made wise investments in land, l)eing the owner of two hun- 
dred and forty acres of land in that vicinity at the time of his death on June 
10, 1905. He and his wife were active and prominent in the work of the 
New Jerusalem church and their cliildren were reared in that faith. There 
were ten of these children, of whom the subject of this sketch is the eldest, 
the others being Ida. Gussie, John, Harry, Reuben, Daniel, Albert, Susan 
and Stella. 

K. R. .Schmitt was about nine years old when his parents came to Reno 
county and settled at Pretty Prairie and he completed his schooling in that 
village. On Octol^er 29, 1905, he was united in marriage to Mary Laun- 
hardt. who was burn in fiermany, April _>i, 1884, daughter of Phili]; and 
Mary Launharilt, who came tf) this country and settled about 1895 ^'"^ 
JTodgeman county, this state, where FMiilip Launhardt v.as killed by lightning 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 295 

the next vear. To .Mr. and Mrs. Schmitt three children have been horn, 
ir\in. horn on X()\cnil)cr _'6, 1906; h21wia, Octoher 20, 1909, and Harold, 
Jannarv 20, 1912. Mr. and Mrs. Schmitt are active members of the New 
Jerusalem church and take a proper interest in the general affairs of their 
home community. Since December, 1909, Mr. Schmitt has l>een prominently 
identified with the Rock Milling and Elevator Company's industry at Pretty 
Prairie, being now manager of the same, owns property in that town and is 
regarded as a substantial and useful citizen. Mrs. Schmitt is a trained nurse 
and a graduate of the Welch hospital at Hutchinson. 



JAMES E. EERGUSON. 

James E. Eerguson, the son of William and Nancy J. (Mills) Eergu- 
son, was born near Bedford, Lawrence county, Indiana, on July 13. 1873. 
William Eerguson was born in Lawrence county, Indiana, in Eebruary, 
1849. After completing his education in the common schools, Mr. Eerguson 
devoted his life to farming, first in Lawrence county, Indiana, then for 
twelve years in Texas, after which he removed to Kansas, near Sedan, 
where he died in 1901. Nancy (Mills) Eerguson was born in Lawrence 
county, October 13, 1854, and died at her home in Chautauqua county, 
Kansas, on October 13, 1900. Both Mr. and ^Irs. Eerguson were members 
of the Christian church. 

James 1^.. Eerguson has four brothers, as follow : Dillon, a farmer in 
Chautauqua county, Kansas; George M., a former farmer and stock man. 
is now in Earned, Kansas, where he is the representative of Eerguson-Shir- 
cliff Grain Company; Lee A., a stock raiser and farmer in Chautauqua 
county, Kansas, and Lawrence, engaged in the elevator and milling business 
at Independence, Kansas. 

James E. Eerguson received his education in the common schools of 
Montague county, Texas, and in CHiautauqua county, Kansas. After com- 
pleting his education he was engaged for five years in the buying and selling 
of stock in his home county in Kansas. He then removed to Blackwell, 
Oklahoma, where he was engaged in the grain business, from 1897 to 1905, 
after which he continued the business at Winfield. Kansas, until 1908. when 
he located at Hutchinson, where he now has offices at 508 and 509, Eirst 
National Bank building, The firm name is Eerguson-Shirclifif Grain Com- 
pany. 

On October 28, 1903, James E. Ferguson was united in marriage, at 



296 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

Sedan, to Mary Kudora Shircliff. who was born on June 3, 1875, at Hay- 
densville. Ohio. Mrs. Ferguson is the daughter of Bernard C. and Sarah 
(Turner) ShirchtT, both of whom arc natives of Ohio. 

Mr. and ]\Irs. Ferguson have a l^eautiful house at 903 North Main 
street, where they Hve witli their only child, Azel Eudora, who w^as born in 
Winfield, November 2, 1907. The family belong to the Methodist Epis- 
copal church and are active in all church work. 



CAPT. WTLUAM R. BENNETT. 

Capt. William R. Bennett, head of the Bennett Mineral and Distilled 
Water Company, of Hutchinson, this county, of the plant and product of 
which he and his son are the owners, is a native of the Empire state, having 
been born in the town of A\ urtsboro, Sullivan county. New York, on Octo- 
ber 5, 1837, son of Captain Eli and Elizabeth (Cranse) Bennett, the former 
of whom, born in Connecticut in 1801. died in January, 1878, and the latter 
of whom, also a native of Copnecticut, born in iSii, lived to the great age 
of ninety-three years and nine months. 

Capt. Eli Bennett was the son of Amos Bennett and wife, who came 
to this country from England and established a new home in Connecticut, 
becoming influential farming people in the neighborhood in which they set- 
tled. Amos Bennett participated in the struggle of the Americans against 
England in the W^ar of 1812, a memljer of a Connecticut regiment, and was 
in all ways a good citizen of his adopted country. He and his w'ife reared 
a family of eleven children. Their son. Eli, grew^ to manhood on the Con- 
necticut home farm and early began teaching school, in which profession 
he was engaged for some years, during which period he moved to \\'urts- 
lx)ro, Sullivan county, New York, where for some time he was engaged as a 
teacher and where he established his permanent home, becoming one of the 
most prominent residents of that section of the state. Shortly after locating 
there he took a contract for the construction of a portion of the Delaware 
division of the I'.rie railroad and upon the completion of that contract 
embarked in the mercantile business at Wurtsboro and was thus occupied 
during the remainder of his active life. He was captain of the local com- 
pany of the New York state guards and during the period of his activity 
in that connection l)ecame one of the best-know-n officers of the New York 
state militia. He was a A\'hig in his political belief until the formation of 




?r^^ifd^c^ 



RENO COITNTY. KANSAS. 297 

the Republican party, when he identilie<l himself fur life with the latter 
party and e\ er after anient 1\- supported its men and its measures. Capt. 
l^li Bennett was called upon to serve the public in various official capacities, 
having ser\ed in nearly every local office, though always stoutly dechning to 
accept any office that w'ould require his removal from his estabhshed home 
in Wurtsboro. He and his wife were the parents of four sons and two 
daughters, whom they reared in the faith of the Presbyterian church, of 
which they were active and earnest members. Of these six children, the 
subject of this sketch was the only one to make his home in Kansas. 

William R. Bennett received his earl)^ education in the local schools of 
his native home and assisted his father in the latter's store until twenty-one 
years of age, at w^hich time he embarked in business for himself, first engag- 
ing in the flour-milling business, which he continued for a year, at the end 
of which time he went to New York City, where, at 631 Hudson street, 
he opened a grocery store w'hich he conducted until the breaking out 
of the Civil War. In April, 1862, he enlisted in behalf of the cause 
of the Union and for some months served in the engineering corps of the 
Army of the Potomac, engaged in the construction of bridges, after which 
he returned to his home county, where he and Ira Dorrance recruited Com- 
pany E, One Hundred and Forty-third Regiment, New^ York Volunteer 
Infantry, Ira Dorrance, captain, and William R. Bennett, first lieutenant, 
the enlistment dating from October, 1862. In March, 1863, Lieutenant 
Bennett was promoted to the position of captain of Company C and in that 
rank served until the close of the war, his company having the honor of being 
color company of his regiment. Captain Bennett saw much active service 
in the army and was a participant in some of the most important engage- 
ments of the great war. His regiment was at first attached to the Army of 
the Potomac, but in 1863 was joined to Sherman's army, with which it 
served until the close of the w-ar and with which it proudly marched in the 
Grand Review at Washington, D. C. Captain Bennett's regiment fought at 
White House Landing in 1863 and w^as then marched double quick to 
Gettysburg, arriving there at the close of the great battle. In the winter of 
1863-64, the division with which Captain Bennett's regiment -was doing 
service opened up the "cracker" road from Bridgeport, Alabama, to Chatta- 
nooga and helped raise the siege there. Continuing in the Tennessee cam- 
paign, he then fought at Lookout Mountain and at Knoxville and all the 
other battles down to Atlanta and thence to the sea. The regiment rested at 
Savannah until the spring of 1865, when it was started north through the 
Carolinas ; meeting General Johnston at Averasboro and taking part in the 



298 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

heavy fighting at Benton\ille. this being the last important engagement pre- 
ceding Lee's surrender. Following the Grand Review, the regiment pro- 
ceeded to Xew York City, where it was mustered out on July 20, 1865. 

At the close of the war. Captain Bennett returned to Wurtsboro and 
was there engaged in carpentering for about a year, at the end of which 
time he went to Towanda, Pennsylvania, where he opened a bottling works 
and engaged in the manufacture of soda waters. Four years later he sold 
that plant and moved to Aleadville, Pennsylvania, where he opened a new 
establishment of the same character and was there thus engaged in business 
for sixteen years. In 18S7 he sold out and came to Kansas, locating in 
Hutchinson, where the next vear he resumed the manufacture of soda 
waters and the like and has been thus engaged ever since, having been very 
successful, the products of his establishment having a wide sale throughout 
the Southwest. The plant which Captain Bennett erected in 1888, in A avenue, 
west, was greatly enlarged in 1908 and is now regarded as one of the most 
complete and thoroughl}' equipped plants of its kind in the state. His grow- 
ing business caused Captain Bennett to erect, in 1906, a branch plant at 
]\IcPherson, this state, which is also widely patronized. 

On October 5, 1865, 'Capt. W'iUiam R. Bennett was united in marriage 
to Mary Elizabeth Brown, who was born at ]\Ionticello, Sullivan county, 
New York, daughter of James and Mary Brown, and to this union fi\e chil- 
dren have been born, namely: Adelaide, born in 1866, widow of Crawford 
R. Thol^ert, son of Bishop Thobert, of Meadville, Pennsylvania; Charles G., 
May 7, 1870, associated with his father in business, who married, in Illinois, 
Frances L. North, daughter of Jacob L. and Amanda (Lemon) North, resi- 
dents of Chase county, this state; Elizabeth, 1872. at home; Helen Jane, 
who married Scott E. Lieber, of Chicago, and Josephine, who married 
Charles Squires, a well-known scenic artist of Washington. D. C. Captain 
and Mrs. Bennett have a very pleasant home at 915 North Main street, 
Hutchinson, Ixjught in 1903. They are altcndauts at tlie Presbyterian 
church and for years have taken an actixe interest in good works, hereabout. 

Captain Bennett is a Republican and is warmly interested in local gov- 
ernmental affairs, for some years having been a member of the city council. 
He is a member of Bynm Lodge No. 197, Knights of Pythias, and is a 
charter member of LaRue Division No. 4, Uniformed Rank, of that order, 
of which he was the hrst captain, and for four years served as colonel of 
the regiment to whicii No. 4 is attached. The Captain is a devoted member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic and during his residence in Meadville 
was for three years commander of the Meadville post of tliat patriotic 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 299 

society. He is a nieniljer of Joe Hooker Post Xo. 4, at 1 Iiitehinsc^n, in tht: 
affairs of which he for years has taken an earnest interest and which he has 
served in the capacity of adjntanl. C"ai)tain Bennett is also a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
h~lks and of the \\\^odmen of the World. 



ROSS E. PIALL. 



Ross E. Plall, son of .Vmbrose S. and Alary L. A. (Poston) Hall, was 
born in Sedgwick county, Kansas, January 5. 1890. His father was born 
in Missouri, in October. 1854, and came to Kansas in 1871 or 1872, w^here he 
has since been engaged in farming and stock raisinc^. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, a steward in the Methodist Episcopal church, and his political 
aftiiliations are with the Democratic party. He resides in Castleton, Reno 
county, Kansas. Mary L. A. (Poston) Hall was born in Indiana, May 12, 
1859. and is still living-. The other members of the family are: Reese A., 
born in Sedgwick count}-, Kansas, May 20. 1895. was a student in the uni- 
versity of Kansas: Homer G., born in SjMvey, Kingman county, Kansas, 
Jamiary 13, 1899, now a student at Lawrence, Kansas. 

Ross E. Hall attended Lewis academy, at Wichita, Kansas ( kinder- 
garten ) for six months; Center Pole township, Kingman county, school for 
four and one-half months; Spivey, Kansas, town school one and one-half 
terms; Mount Hope. Kansas, city school one-half term; Castleton, Kansas, 
citv school one and one-half term; Hutchinson, Kansas, city school four 
terms, where he graduated at the age of seventeen years. He then attended 
the Uni\ersitv of Kansas and graduated in the civil engineering course at the 
age of twenty-one years, with the degree of Bachelor of Science. He then 
took a ])ost-graduate course in economics and sociology for one year ; then a 
post-graduate course in economics and banking at Harv^ard University for 
half a vear. He graduated from the University of Kansas in the spring of 
1914 with the degree of Master of Arts; afterwanl completed a course in 
the Lawrence Business College, receiving the degree of Master of Accounts, 
being one of onlv three who e\er received that degree. Received diplomas 
from Hutchinson high school and from the University of Kansas in Bachelor 
of Science and Master of Arts degrees. 

Since Mav, 19 14, Air Hall has been engaged in the lumber and building 
material business. He is president of The R. E. Hall Lumber Company, 



300 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

incori)orate(l. located ai Ihilchinsun. 730 First a\eiiue. East, a concern well 
established and doing a profitable business. He is a member of the American 
Economics Association, the National Masonic Research Society, and the 
Rotary Club, oi Hutchinson. He is a thirty-second degree Mason, a Meth- 
odist and a Democrat. 

On May 12, 18 15, Ross E. Hall was married to Chlora V. White, the 
daughter of Lehman J. and Alice \Miite. Mrs. Hall was born in Liberal, 
Kansas, April 20, 1892. Her father is a thirty-second degree Mason, a 
former mayor of Eucklin, Kansas — elected without opposition, is a Repub- 
lican in politics, and a member of the Christian church. Mrs. Hall is also a 
member of that church. 



JAMES R. LOVELACE. 



James R. Lovelace, son of James C. and Frances (Cole) Lovelace, was 
born in Allen county, near Scotsville, Kentucky, July 20, 1845. His father 
was a native of North Carolina, born in that state in 1818, a son of Samuel 
Lovelace, who moved to Allen county, Kentucky, about 1832. In 1833 the 
elder Lovelace bought more than two hundred acres of land at three dollars 
per acre in Allen county, and enaged in farming. His wife was Sarah Cross; 
she died in the Allen county home in 1863 or 1864. 

James C. Lovelace was a farmer. Fie bought two hundred and sixty 
acres of land in Allen coimty, Kentucky, about 1852, where he established a 
home and continued to live until his death, A\hich occurred in 1907. He was 
also a cabinet-maker and followed that trade to some extent in connection 
with his farming business. His church relation was with the Baptist 
denomination, and his political affiliation w^as with the Democratic party. 
Frances (Cole) Lovelace was born in North Carolina in 1820, and died in 
1901. 

James K. Lovelace had eight l)n)ilK'rs and sisters. I'"li7.al)cth. Ixirn in 
.\llen county. Kentucky, in 1838, died in the county of her birth in 1864. 
She married Martin \'. Wilson, a farmer and a lay preacher in the Meth- 
odist church, who died at his home in Allen county, Kentucky, in 1907. 
Benjamin, born in Allen county. Kentucky, in 1840, died at his home in that 
county in 1862. William B., born in Allen county. Kentucky, in 1842, died 
in 1866. Samuel H., born in Allen county. Kentucky, in 1843, is a prom- 
inent Methodist minister and is pastor of a Methodist church in Louisville. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 30I 

He hej^an his iiiinislrv in 1865. He is a thirty-second degree Mason rind his 
political alllliations arc with the Democratic party. Joseph, born in Alien 
county, Kentucky, in i(S47, died at his home in that county in 1867 or 
1868. He was a farmer, a A'lethodist and a Democrat. Sidney J., ]x;rn in 
Allen county, Kentuck} , in 1849, 'li^^^ '^t his home in that countv in igio. 
He was a teacher, and aftervvard county judg-e, and clerk of the county 
court for many years, having been elected to office by the Democratic party, 
with which he affiliated. He was prominent in the Masonic order, and also 
a leading- member of the Methodist church. John W., born in Allen countv. 
Kentucky, in 1857, is a farmer and merchant and is now living in Xash- 
ville, Tennessee. He affiliates with the Democratic partv in politics and is a 
memljer of the Methodist church. Mary A., born in Allen county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1859, married Phineas Oliver, a farmer and a Methodist. They 
are both living in Sumner county, Kansas. 

James R. Lo\'elace was educated in the schools of Allen and Warren 
counties, Kentucky, and spent his early years working on his father's farm. 
On December 10, 1861, at Columbia, Kentucky, he enlisted in Company 
F, Ninth Regiment, Kentucky \^olunteer Infantry, Col. B. F. Grider and 
Lieut. -Col. C. D. Bailey commanding. This regiment was a part of Gen- 
eral Crittenden's corps of Gen. D. C. Buell's army operating in Kentucky 
and Tennessee in i86j; afterward the army was commanded by Rose- 
crans. Mr. Lovelace participated with his regiment in all the campaigns 
and battles in which it engaged, including Shiloh, Stone's River, Chicka- 
mauga and the several battles of the Atlanta campaign under Sherman. 
He was severely wotmded in the l)attle of Chickamauga. He was mus- 
tered out as a corporal on January 8, 1865. at Hunts ville. Alabama. After 
his return from the army he was deputy sheriff of Allen county for several 
years, and afterward engaged in farming. Li 1874 he moved to Lidiana, 
where he farmed until 1881, wdien he removed to Severance, Kansas. There 
he engaged in the farming implement business for tw^o years, and in the pro- 
duce business for three years. In October, 1886, he came to Hutchinson and 
for twelve vears was engaged in the fruit business, on North Main street, 
the present site of the Kress building. Since 1898 he has been salesman 
for the Hutchinson Produce Company. 

Mr. Lo\'elace has been a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows for more than thirty years. Lie is a member of the Hutchinson Com- 
mercial Club, a charter member of the Young Men's Christian Association, 
a prominent memljer of the Baptist church and a stanch Republican in 
politics. 



302 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

On No\'ember 12. 1879, James R. Lovelace was married to Lanie Shaw, 
of Laporte. Indiana, daughter of Daniel and Julia (Reynolds) Shaw, born 
in Kingsbur\-. Indiana. April 10, 1848, and a descendant of the ''Mayflower" 
]Mlgrims. She tauglit in the Laporte, Lidiana, schools for about ten years 
before her luarriage. She has ])een a memlier of the Woman's Relief Corps, 
an auxiliary b> the Grand Army of the ]\epublic, for more than thirtv' years; 
she is a member of the \\'oman's Club, of Hutchinson, and is a member of 
die Churcli of God, Adventist. 

The father of ]\Irs. Lovelace was born in Washington county, New 
York, August 14. 1814. One of his early recollections was seeing Fulton's 
first steamboat on the Hudson river. Mr. Shaw was a carpenter and builder 
Ijy trade, and he also engaged in teaching school. About 1832 he removed 
to Kingsbury. Indiana, where he served for awhile as postmaster. After- 
ward he bought one hundred and sixty acres of government land, at one dol- 
lar and twenty-five cents per acre, in Laporte county, and engaged in fann- 
ing. He was a member of the Church of God, Ad\"entist, and afifiliated with 
the Democratic party. ]\Irs. Lovelace's mother was born in Erie county. 
New York, August 2, 1823, and was the daughter of Abram and Mary 
( W'illington ) Reynolds. Abram Reynolds was a veteran of the War of 
1812. 

The brothers and sisters of Mrs. Lovelace are: Thomas J. Shaw, born 
in Kingsbury. Indiana. Jul}' 20, 1841. He was a prominent Chicago physi- 
cian, and his son, Don. Lee Shaw, was a noted surgeon. Both died in 1910. 
Alartha J. Shaw was born in Kingsbury, Indiana, January 28, 1843, married 
Hiram Wineholt, a farmer; both li\ing in Laporte count\', Indiana. Flora 
M. Shaw, born in Kingsbury, Indiana, October 2-j. 1856, married D. P. 
Grover, assessor of Laporte county. l-'Vank B. Shaw, born in Kingsbury, 
Indiana, Noveml^er, 1S58, is a steel worker: with South Chicago steel mills 
for thirty-three years. Jennie L. .Shaw. Imrn in Kingsbury, Indiana, Novem- 
ber 10, i860, married Robert White, farmer and railroad man. .\llen G. 
Shaw, born in King.sliury. hub'.ina. in \>^()},. lie is a pharmacist, and is now 
rniesr.'.an f(jr the Colgate Company, of Chicago. Dan Shaw, born in Kings- 
bury, June 20, 1866, painter and decorator in Kingsbury, Indiana. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lovelace have one son, I runes Sydney, w lio was born in 
Kingsbury. Indiana. June 12. i88t. He was educated in the city .schools 
of Hutchinson, and graduated from the high sclv-ol. He afterward entered 
the First National Bank, of Hutchinson, as a clerk, and is now one of the 
two tellers of the bank. He is a member of the LIntchinsou Commercial 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 3O3 

Cliil). TTiitcliinson Country Clnb. "S'dun.^- Men's Christian Association (a 
charter nienilior). financial secretary of the T5a])tist church, and a member of 
the Cliurch of Ciod. I Fe is a ])r()g-ressive RepubHcan in pohtics. As a tennis 
player lie has the honor of beiri^- the champion in Hutchinson. 



WILLI Ax^.l ALLLX P.ROWN 

U'illiam Allen Brown, a worthy citizen and retired a.^-riculturist of 
Hutchinson. Reno county, Kansas, was born on Xoveml)er 15. 1848, in 
Shi])penl)urg-, Penns^lx-ania. and is the son of Allen and ^.lary (Cumerer) 
Brown. Allen Brown was born in Lititz. Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
and tlie birth of his wife occurred in the Cumberland valley, of the same 
state. Mary (Cumerer) Brown was the daughter of George Cumerer, a 
carpenter and nati\e of Pennsylvania. She died in 1890. at the age of 
seventv-four vears and her husband died three vears later at the age of 
eighty-four, .\llen Brown was the son of pTederick Brown, who was of 
Holland descent but whose birth occurred in Pennsylvania where he later 
engaged in the bre\^^ery business. His son, Allen Brown, spent his entire 
life in his nati\e state as a farn.ier near Cumberland. He was an active 
member of the Lutheran church and was considered one of its strongest com- 
municants in the county. Politically, he was a Democrat and active in the 
cause of temperance. He was the father of three children whose names 
follow: Israel, now living in Shippenburg, Pennsylvania; George W., who 
resides in Hutchinson, Kansas, and William Allen, also of Hutchinson, 
Kansas. 

William ,\llen Brown was reared and educated in his nati\'e state and 
removed to Illinois in 1875. going from there to Kansas in 1876. He 
located in Reno county on February 15 of that }"ear and has since been a 
resident of this locality. The first one hundred and sixty acre purchase of 
school land which he accpiired was sold in 1901, and he then removed from 
Arlington townshi]) to Grant township the following year. He again 
invested in one hundred and sixty acres of land, on which he now resides. 

On February 22, 1886, William Allen Brown was united in marriage 
to Katherine E. Rayl, daughter of Thomas and Julia Ann Rayl, who located 
in Kansas in 1871. Katherine E. Rayl was born in Kokomo, Indiana, and 
died in Kansas on September 15. 1909. Her husband then retired to Hutch- 



304 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

inson. Kansas, where he took up his residence with his brother, George W. 
Brown, who married Jennie Harris, and is the father of one child, Frank 
A. Brown, who operates the propert)- of his uncle, William Allen Brown. 



ALFRED L. SPONSLER. 

In the Sponsler family there is a tradition that the American progenitor 
of that now widely scattered family, of which Alfred L. Sponsler, of Hutch- 
inson, this county, secretary of the Kansas State Fair, is a distinguished 
member, was a captain in the French army, who came to America during 
the French and Indian wars, and after the war settled in Philadelphia, which 
thus became the point of origin of the family in this country, Alfred L. 
Sponsler's paternal grandfather, Lewis Sponsler, was a resident of Perry 
county, Pennsylvania, where he died at middle age. His son, Lewis Spon- 
sler, father of Alfred L. Sponsler, was born in Perry county, Pennsylvania, 
on October 3, 1825, and in his youth learned the trade of wagon-making, at 
wliich occupation he worked for many years. Tn 1849, in Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania, he married Maria Wolfe, who was born in Lancas- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, September 22, 1827, a daughter of Christian and 
Sarah (Stoner) Wolfe, Ijoth of German descent. Christian Wolfe was a 
.son of Henrv \\'()lfe, who was a soldier in the ]iatriot army during the 
Revolutionary War. 

Tn 1856 Lewis Sponsler emigrated with his family from Pennsylvania 
to Keithsburg, Mercer county, Illinois, w^here he worked as a carpenter for 
four years, at the end of which time he bought a farm seven miles east of 
that city, which he improved and there made his home until 188 1, when he 
retired from active farm life and mo\"ed to Aledo, in the same county, and 
there he and his w'ife spent their last days, his death occurring on April 4, 
1893, his widow surviving until August 7, 191 3. Lewis Sponsler and wife 
were members of the Presbyterian church, in the various beneficences of 
which they for years were leaders in tlicir community. Their children were 
as follow: William ]., who married Alary Hodgson, came to Reno countv, 
Kansas, in 1874, and became one of the leading farmers of Reno township. 
where lie lived until 191 5. in which year he retired from the farm antl moved 
to Hutchinson, where he is now living; Sarah, the wife of W. D. Reynolds, 
a stock raiser of Villisca, Iowa; George W., a farmer and stock raiser, of 
Mercer county. Illinois; Alice M., unmarried, who lives at Aledo, Illinois; 




^ 




RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 3O5 

Alfred L., the ininiediate subject of this review; Anna, who is the wife of 
Laon McWhorter, one of the most noted Ijreeders of Angus cattle in the 
United States, now Hving retired at Aledo, lUinois, and John L., now a 
prominent attorney at Muskogee, Oklahoma, who was formerly connected 
with his brother, Alfred L., in the newspaper business at Hutchinson. 

Alfred Lincoln Sponsler, third son and lifth child of Lewis and Maria 
(Wolfe) Sponsler, was born in Mercer county, Illinois, on April 30, i860, 
and was reared on the paternal farm in that county, receiving his elementary 
education in the district schools of his home neighborhood, after which he 
completed the course in Knox Academy at Galesburg and entered Knox Col- 
lege, same city, which institution he left at the age of twenty-three to study 
law in the office of John C. Pepper at Aledo. In May, 1885, after formal 
examination, he was admitted to the bar by the supreme court of the state 
of Illinois, and then entered into partnership with Mr. Pepper, under the 
firm name of Pepper & Sponsler, and practiced law at Aledo for a year and 
a half, when he came to this county, locating at Arlington, with the expec- 
tation of engaging in the practical law at that place, but instead, engaged in 
the real-estate business, being attracted thereto by the "boom" that was then 
under way in Kansas, and so continued in business there until November, 
1889, when he moved to Hutchinson, where he has ever since made his home. 

It was during the time of ]\Ir. Sponsler's residence in Arlington, in 
1888, that he made one of the most remarkable political races ever recorded 
in this state. Lie was a candidate in that year for the nomination for state 
senator from this district on the Republican ticket. The senatorial conven- 
tion, which met at Pratt, was in deadlock from the very first ballot and after 
balloting for three days adjourned to meet at Turon. At the latter place 
three more days were consumed in ineffectual balloting, after which the con- 
vention adjourned sine die. Upon the next call of the district committee, 
the convention was held again at Turon, and after several hundred ballots, 
without a nomination, Mr. Sponsler, who several times had come within one 
vote of the required number to make a choice, and on one ballot within one- 
dalf vote of the nomination, withdrew his name from further consideration 
on the part of his faithful delegates and the nomination went to Hon. 
F. E. Gillette. 

Upon locating in LIutchinson in 1889, Alfred L. Sponsler, in connec- 
tion with his brother, John L. Sponsler, founded the Hutchinson Times, 
and in the next year bought the Republican, which they consolidated with 
the Times, presently picking up four other small papers, merging the same 
(20a) 



306 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

willi the Times, which they conducted under that name until 1891, in which 
year the}- purchased the Flutchiiisoji Paily Xczi'S, inchiding the job shop and 
bookbindery connected with the plant of that paper, and merged the Times 
Avith th.e latter paper, continuing the publication of the News until the 
autumn of 1895. in which year the paper was bought 1)y William Y. Morgan, 
now lieutenant-governor of Kansas and the present owner of the paper. 
Upon retiring from the new-spaper business, Mr. Sponsler and his brother 
in\-ested all their mone}- in ear corn, which they cribbed at various points in 
Reno, Harper, Barber and Rice counties, and held until 1898, w'hen they 
sold it at a nice profit. The next ventare undertaken by Mr. Sponsler was 
the feeding of large bunches of live stock for the market. In this also he 
was quite successful and he then bought four hundred and fifty acres of 
grazing land in Salt Creek townhsip, this county, and engaged in the breed- 
ing of registered Shorthorn cattle, continuing in that business until the 
fall of 19 1 3. at which time he sold his herd and since then has confined his 
ranch c:].-erations wholly to grain farming Coincident with his ranch 
operations, in 1906, in connection with Thomas G. Armour, j\Ir. Sponsler 
established a printing and publishing house at Hutchinson, the partners later 
organizing a Iniilding company, the Times Building Company, erecting a 
large office building on South Main street for their publications and put out 
a new newspaper, the Times. The next year they started the JJ'holesaler. 
presently merging the Times with the latter publication, and are still issuing 
the JVIwlesalcr, in connection with which they also continue to operate 
their large printing plant, Air. Armour Ijeing the active manager of the same. 
Mr. Sponsler ever since coming to Reno county has been prominently 
connected with all movements designed to advance the common good of 
this community, and his \arious newspapers have ever been outspoken in 
behalf of im])rovements and good government. It was through his efforts 
in 1892 that the Repuljlican state convention was held in that year in Hutch- 
inson, the first time the convention had ever been held this far west, and 
during the winter of 1891-92 his efforts brought about a reorganization of 
tP.e Commercial Clul) aiong lines whicii have pr(»\c(l wdupJile to the welfare 
of the city. Mr. Sponsler for years has taken an active part in politics and 
has been a delegate to many state conventions of his party. He was chair- 
man of the Reno county delegation to the convention which nominated Gov- 
ernor Morrill in 1894. Since 1889 he has attended every session of the 
General Assembly in behalf of the interests of good government and it is 
undeniable that he has personally exerted a wholesome influence upon legis- 
lation. He helped organize the ''Kansas Day" Club, of Kansas, and was 



RENO CurXTY. KANSAS. 307 

delegate to ihc Trans-Alississi])])! congress in i<^tj4. In the spring of 1901 
Air. S])<M!>ler organized llie (enlral Kansas l^air Association and was its 
first president. He later became secretary of this association and npon the 
merger of the Central Kansas h'air with the Kansas State h'air ( which was 
created hy i1k Kansas Legislature, session (^f 1913), became secretary of 
the latter and has so continued since that time, his admirable service in that 
connection now having covered a ])erio(l of tliirteen _\ears. lie was for 
seven }ears a member of the state l)oard of agriculture and ])resicient of that 
organization during 1907 and 1908. He was also a member of the Ijoard 
of regents of the Kansas State Agricultural College three years and largely 
instrumental in electing Dr. Henry J. Waters president of that institution. 

Mr. Sponsler is a thirty-second degree Mason, a member of tlie blue 
lodge at Hutchinson, and of the consistory at Wichita, and is warml)- inter- 
ested in the philosophy of Masonry. He also is a life member of Hutchin- 
son Lodge No. 453, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

On September 2"], 1887, Alfred L. Sponsler was married to Minnie 
Bentley, who was born in Mercer county, Illinois, on September 5, 1862. the 
daughter of James L. and Nancy (Smith) Bentley, \\\\o was educated in the 
common schools, the Aledo Academy and the Illinois State Normal. To 
this union two children were born, Cora, a graduate of the Hutchinson high 
school, who attended Kansas State Agricultural College one vear, took a 
course for voice culture in the Knox Conservatory of Music, Galesburg, Illi- 
nois, and also in Chicago for a year and a half under private tutorship; and 
Lewis, who, after taking a two-year course in the Kansas State Agricultural 
College at Manhattan, and studying voice culture at Chicago, is now a stu- 
dent in Chicago A'oice and Dramatic Art Schools. 

Mrs. Sponsler died at her home at the corner of Twelfth and Washing- 
ton streets on June 10, 1915, and was widely mourned throughout the citv 
and county, for, ever since she had been a resident of Hutchinson she had 
been one of its leading citizens, in every held where women were needed 
she c\'er ha\ ing been foremost. She liad ser\ ed as president of tlie Women's 
Club, the pioneer of women's clubs in Hutchinson; had also served as presi- 
dent of the city Federation of Women's Clubs, and in memory of her the 
women's clubs of Hutchinson have named their state endowment fund for 
her. She was a state officer in the "P. O. h^.," ha\ing been one of the 
leaders in bringing the national convention of that sisterhood to Hutchin- 
son several \ears ago. She was intensely interested in music and was an 
active member of the Apollo Club. She also took a live interest in public 
affairs and was one of the supporters in the ecpial suffrage movement in 



308 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Reno county, at the same time havino done consideraljle work, in a cjuiet 
way. in behalf of the prohibition cause in the county and state. But with 
all her public activities, Mrs. Sponsler's most dominant trait was her love 
of home life, and it was at her- fireside that she enjoyed herself most. She 
was a woman who put her family first over all and alwa^■? remained a 
niodest home-lovci, a womanlv woman. 



ROSCOE C. LAYMAN. 



Roscoe C. Layman, son of Preston and Harriet (McNabb) Layman, 
was horn in Xewport. Tennessee, November 21, 1875. His father was 
born in the same place, September 13. 1833, and although born and reared 
in the South and surrounded by an influence favorable to secession in i860, 
he remained steadfastly loyal to the Union. When the Civil War came, as 
a result of the secession, and when his native state joined in the secession 
movement and took up arms against the old flag, and the Union of which 
it was the emblem, Preston Layman refused to follow the example of his 
native state. He was an a\owed Union man, and in consequence of his 
known principles, his surroundings became exceedingly unpleasant, not to 
say hazardous. He found it necessary to leave his home and he eventually 
gave evidence of his sincere patriotism by enlisting in the Union army in 
defense of the flag. At Bowling Green, Kentucky, in 1862. he enlisted in 
Company E, Second Tennessee Cavalry, and served in this command until 
the close of the war. Lender the command of Rosecrans, Thomas and Sher- 
man, this regiment participated in the campaigns through Kentucky, Tennes- 
see, Alabama. Georgia and Mississip])i. It was in the battle of Stone's river. 
Chickamauga. Chattanooga, the several engagements in the Atlanta cam- 
paign, at Knoxville, I'ranklin and Nashville, and was finally mustered out 
of the .service at Knoxville. at the close of the war. 

In all these engagements Preston Laymen bore a soldier's part, and, 
after his di.scharge returned to his old home in Tennessee. In February, 
1882, he removed I" Kansas, settling in .\rlington township. Reno county, 
where he bought one hundred and sixty acres of land from George Alex- 
ander. Tie added to his acres, from time to time, until at his death he was 
the owner of eleven hundred and twenty acres of as fine a body of land as is 
to be found in the county. He gave his attention to farming and cattle rais- 
ing and was one of the most successful in that line of industry in the county. 



RENO COUNTY, KAXSAS. 309 

His death occurred on Noveml^er 27, 1Q09. He was a member of Cabal 
Lod.s^e No. 299. Ancient b'ree and Accepted Masons, at Arlington, Reno 
county: was a member of the Methodist church, and his pohtical affihations 
were with the Ivepublican party. He served as justice of the peace of his 
township for six or eight years, was a meml^er of the school IxDard six years 
and was a trustee and an iuHuential member of his church. 

Harriet (McNabb) Layman was born in Newport, Tennessee, May 
4, 1843, the daughter of John, and Elizabeth (Dugan) McNabb. She was 
a member of the Methodist church and died on March 29, 1916, at Hutchin- 
son, Kansas. Jrfer father. John AicNabb, who owned twelve hundred acres 
of land in Tennessee and had five or six family servants, was born in a 
fort which had been erected for protection against the Indians in the early 
days. He was a strong Union man in the days of the Civil War, and was 
an active worker in the Republican party after the war. He was a magis- 
trate and a trustee and deacon in the Baptist church. 

The brothers and sisters of Roscoe C. Layman are : William C. ; 
Orrin \V., born in Newport, Tennessee; Delia, born in Newport, Tennessee, 
and .\rthur. born in Newport, Tennessee. 

Roscoe C. Layman was educated in the district schools of Reno county, 
and in the State Normal School at Emporia. Kansas, which he attended two 
terms. He then taught school for two years, and was principal of the 
school in Langdon township, Reno county, for two years. He then turned 
his attention to farming in Arlington township until 1909. when he removed 
to LIutchinson and engaged in the transfer business for about nine months. 
Following this he was engaged in the real estate and insurance business for 
about two years. In the last few years he has devoted his time and atten- 
tion to hi? personal business and his farming interests, which are extensive. 
He is a member of the Hutchinson Commercial Club and an active member 
of the Christian churcli. Politically, he is a Democrat, and was the candi- 
date of his party for the state Legislature in November, 191-4. 

Roscoe C. Layman was married. May 3, 1899, to Emma E. Euller. 
daughter of Daniel E. and Amy (I>ynch) Fuller, of Arlington, Reno county. 
Mrs. Layman was Ijorn in Mahaska ocunty. Iowa. She is a member of the 
Woman's Club, a member and treasurer of the Mother's Club, and a mem- 
ber of the State Suffrage Association, an organization that succeeded in 
getting the right of franchise for women in Kansas two years ago Airs. 
layman is also a member of the local Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union, and was its ])rcsi(lent for two years. She is a loyal Democrat and 
a o-reat admirer of Mr. lefferson and Mr. \\'ilson, the latter of whom she 



3IO RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

anknlK- sii])ported in tlie electicMi of 1912, not only by her vote 1)ut also 
l)\ canipai.un sp-eeches ; her al)!lily as a speaker is of state-wide reputation. 

Mrs. J.a^•man's father was born in Greene county, Pennsylvania, in 
1844, and died on September 17, 189J. He was a farmer, and a member 
of the Methodist church, and voted the Democratic ticket. Her mother was 
born in Greene county. Pennsxhania, Mux 24, 1847, ^^'^^^ died on April 26, 
1916. 

Mr. and Airs. Pavman ha\"e two children: Zora Mabel. Iiorn in Pang- 
don. Reno courit}-. and \'elma Gwendolyn, born in Hutchinson. Phe familv 
home is a beautiful new iKui^-e at T^oy Pwelfth avenue. East. 



\\IPPP\AI W. REXROAD. 

William W. Rexroad, a progressive and prosperous farmer of Pincoln 
township, ihis county, one of the Ijest-known and most energetic residents 
of the Darlow neighborhood,, is a Virginian, having been born in \\'oods 
county, Virginia, now a part of \\'cst \'irginia, on November 4, 1854, son 
of John and Sarah (Campbell) Rexroad, both natives of Mrginia, the for- 
mer of whom was born in Pendleton coun.ty and the latter in Amherst 
county, both the Rexroads and the Campbells having l^een residents of Vir- 
ginia for several generations, the former family being of German descent. 

John Rexford was oen of a large family of children and grew up on a 
farm. He received an excellent education and upon reaching manhood's 
estate married and started farming for himself. Pi the spring of 1873. 
attracted by the fine reports at that time emanating from this section of 
Kansas, he decided to ]jiu in his lot with the homesteaders in that section 
and he and his family came out here, arriving in Hutchin.'^on on March 31, 
of that year. John Rexroad limuesteaded the west half of the northeast 
quarter of section 20, in Pincoln township, and bought an adjoining 
"eighty," and there established his home, the family for some time living in 
a little two-room frame "shack." Phe next year the nicniorable grass- 
hopper visitation of 1874 made the outlook for the homesteaders rather 
uncertain for a time, bni Mr. Rexroad was persevering and energetic and 
he i)resentlv began to prosper. After awhile he bought another adjoining 
"eightv." thus becoming the owner of a full half section of fine land, and it 
was not long until he was looked upon as one of the substantial farmers 
of that neighborhood. John Rexroad and his wife were members of the 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 3II 

Baptist church. Afr. Rexroad formerly havinj^ been a deacon in that church, 
and were hcl])riil in all i^ood ways in the early days of their community. 
John Rexroad died at the old homestead in 1895, '^^ then being seventy 
years of age, .and his widow survived him for ten years, her death occurring 
in 1905. at the age of seventy-live. They were the parents of eight sons, 
all of whom are still li\'ing. namely: William \V.. the immediate subject 
of this biographical sketch; John A., familiarly known among his friends 
as "J''^^'^'-" ^ prosperous building contractor at Ft. Worth, Texas; George 
W., who lives at Long Beach, California; Benjamin S., a well-known build- 
ing contractor of Hutchinson, this county; James M., a well-known farmer 
of Center township, this county; Joseph S., a farmer, living in the neighbor- 
hood of Gage, Oklahoma; Henry J., of Lincoln township, this county, and 
Marion, a farmer at Goodwill, Oklahoma. 

Being the eldest son, William W. Rexroad was his father's "right-hand 
man" during his boyhood, beginning at an early age to help out in the w^ork 
of the farm, and his schooling back in his (^Id Virginia home consequently 
was much neglected. He was eighteen years of age when the family came 
to Reno county in 1873 and he at once became an active participant in the 
labor of preparing the homestead tract for habitation, remaining at home 
until 1880, in which year he bought a quarter of a section of unimproved 
land in Center township, wdiere Charles D. Evans now lives, and proceeded 
to improve the same. Early in the year 1886 he married and established 
his home on that farm, making the same his home until 1890, in which year 
he sold the place to advantage and for a time thereafter lived on the fami 
of his brother, George. 

In 1900 Mr. Rexroad bought the unimproved southwest quarter of sec- 
tion 34, in Lincoln township, and has ever since made his home there. He 
has done ver}- well in his farming operations and in 1907 erected his present 
fine farm house, one of the best in the neighborhood, and the year following 
built the large barn which is the center of quite a cluster of well-kept farm 
buildings, the home plot being situated on the crest of a gentle knoll, com- 
manding a fine view of the whole of the Ninnescah \'allev to the south. In 
addition to successfully farming his own quarter section, Mr. Rexroad is 
the lessee of the (piarter section adjoining on the south, which latter tract he 
devotes wholly to grain farming. Mr. Rexroad is public-spirited in his 
general relations to the community, progressive and up-to-date in his methods 
as a farmer and is recognized as one of the most substantial citizens of that 
part of the county. 



312 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

On I''el)niary 26, 18S6, William \\\ Rexroad was united in marriage 
to Minnie j. Bailey, who was Ixini in Iowa, and to this nnion six children 
have been born, as follow: Lottie, born on April 13, 1S87, who married 
C'harles Terry and lives in Hutchinson; Raymond, January 17, 1889, who 
married Ida Montgomery and is now farming in Missouri; Carl N., Septem- 
ber 3, 1896, now (1915) a student in the college at McPherson; John 
Edward, May 31, 1S98, also a student at McPherson College; Ruth, Janu- 
ary 12, 1902, and Hazel. July 16, 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Rexroad are mem- 
bers of the Church of the Brethren, commonly called Dunkards, Mr. Rex- 
road being a deac6n in llie church, and are among tlie leaders in all local 
good works, being held in high regard throughout that community. Mr. 
Rexroad was a Republican until the campaign of 19 12, since which time he 
has I~een an "independent," A\ith Democratic leanings. He takes a Avann 
interest in civic affairs and supports such candidates for office as in his esti- 
mation are best fitted for the proper performance of the duties of the public 
life. 



HON. F. C. FIELD. 



Hon. F. C. Field, former state senator from this district, a well-known 
real-estate dealer at Pretty Prairie, this county, and for many years a mer- 
chant of that thriving little city, is a native of Michigan, having been born 
in \'an Buren county, that state, on July 16, i860, son of O. H. and Rhoda 
( Patterson) Field, the former a native of Michigan and the latter of Canada, 
who came to Kansas in the earh' sex'cntics and became pioneers of Reno 
county. 

O. H. Field, an honored veteran of the Ci^•il War, who died at his home 
in this county in 1878, was the sun of Cabin and Samantha (Stricklin) 
k'ield. the former of whom was brirn at liataxia. New York, and the latter 
at Salem, Massachusetts. In 1837, the year following their marriage, Calvin 
I-'ield and his wife emigrated to J^Iichigan and established their home in Van 
Buren county, that state, where they lj€came owners of considerable land. 
In 1874 lie and his family moved from Michigan to Kansas and .settled in 
Reno county, thus having been runong thr i)ioneers of this county, and here 
Calvin b'ield and his wife spent tlu'ir ]a>t days. They were tlic i)arents of 
nine children, those liesidcs Senator l'"icld"s father being Warren .\., Herbert 
\\\. Florence E.. Estelle, Oscar, Allene and two died in infancy. 

O. H. Field was reared on his parents" homestead farm in Michigan, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 3I? 

recei\in<4- his education in the schools of that neii^hborhood and became a 
great reader and close student of affairs. He married Rhoda Patterson, 
daughter of I^phraini Patterson and wife, natives of Ireland, who immigrated 
to Canada and later moved o\er the border into Michigan, becoming pioneers 
of the Ann Arl)or neighborhood. Upon the organization of the Republican 
party (). PI. Field affiliated with that party and was an ardent supporter of 
its principles until after the close of the war, when he became a Democrat. 
When the Civil War l)roke out he enlisted for service in Company K, Twelfth 
Regiment, iMichigan Volunteer Infantry, and served for nearly five years, 
afterward being prominently connected with the Freedmen's Bureau. Dur- 
ing his militar}'- service Mr. Field was taken prisoner by the enemy and for 
a time was confined in Andersonville prison, later being transferred to Libby 
prison, whence he v^-as exchanged. In 1876 he and his wife and their one 
child, the subject of this biographical sketch, came to Kansas and located 
in Reno county. Mr. Field took a timber claim in the Pretty Prairie section 
and there he died in the following summer, April 19, 1878. His wndow 
married, secondly, Frank Nelson, of Rush county, this state, and made her 
home in the latter county the rest of her life, her death occurring on January 
9, 1890. 

F. C. Field was fifteen years old when he came to Reno county with 
his parents. He had received an excellent common-school education, which 
he supplemented by a course in Kilgore Business College. He spent two 
years in Colorado, prospecting in the gold fields, and then returned to Reno 
county, where he has made his home ever since. He became a farmer and 
was thus engaged until his removal to Pretty Prairie in 1893, where he 
engaged in the hardware business, in which he was actively engaged for 
twenty years. In 19 13 he became interested in the real-estate business and 
has since then ])een devoting his attention chiefly to that line. He has a very 
pleasant home in Pretty Prairie and is besides the owner of a fine farm of 
two hundred and sixty acres. 

For years Senator Field has given close attention to the political affairs 
of both county and state. He is a Democrat and in 1896 was elected senator 
from the thirty-sixth senatorial district, comprising Reno, Pratt and King- 
man counties. He was elected in 19 10 to the lower house of the assembl_v 
and served one term. 

On April 29, 1879, F. C. Field was united in marriage to Sarah A. 
Hartman. who was born in Illinois on December 15, 1859, -daughter of 
Amos Hartman and wife, who came to Kansas in the sixties and later came 
to Reno county, and to this union seven children have been bom, namely : 



314 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Jessie, who married M. Winfrey and lives at Big- Cabin, Oklahoma; Mabel 
S.. who married J- J- Winfrey, a Ijrother of the above, and lives at King- 
man, this slate: Clarence A., of this connty, who married Alberta Smith; 
L'hcstcr v., of Pretty Prairie, ^\ ho married Alartha Soft; Edith, who mar- 
ried A\'. \'. Criltilh ; Ralph \\'.. who married ]\[and Smith, a sister of the 
wife of his brother, Claren.ce. and Oscar, who died in infancy. Senator 
and Mrs. 1-^ield ha\"e twentv P'randchildren. 



HERBERT C. HODGSON. 

In the field of agricnltnre, Herbert C. Hodgson has attained a place of 
honor in the communit}' in which he lives. He is a native of Reno county, 
Kansas, having been Ijorn there September i, 1876, on the homestead granted 
to hi> uncle, Thomas Hodgson, in 1872. Herbert C. Plodgson is the son 
of \\'illiam and Ellen (Ware) Hodgson, the former of whom is a native of 
Cumberland county, England, and the latter of Watertown, New York. 
It is worthy of note that the house in which the subject of this sketch was 
born was that in \\hich the famous English soldier, Captain Hodgson, known 
for his services during the Indian Mutiny, was ushered into the world. The 
grandmother of Herbert Plodgson was Rebecca (Smithson) Hodgson, a 
cousin of the founder of the Smithsonian Institute of Washington, D. C. 
The father of the subject of this sketch, wdio follo\vs the occupation of a 
farmer, was prominent in the Civil War, where he had an active part in 
twenty-three battles and fought under the most noted generals of that time. 

'J'he common schools of his nati\'e state afforded Herbert C. Hodgson 
his early educational advantages, and as a youth he Ijecame acquainted with 
the simple duties of farm life. He assisted his father for a number of 
years, after wiiich he rented a (juarter of a section of the home farm, which 
he uses for independent farming. In 1903 he erected on the farm a modern 
home, which forms the residence occupied by the suliject of this sketch and 
his family at the present time. 

The marriage of Herbert C. Hodgson to Maiy Pedgerwood. a native of 
Green county, Indiana, wlicvv she was born in 1880, was solemnized on May 
6. 1003. Mrs. IpKJgson is the daughter of Andrew and Emily Ledgerwood, 
who came to Kingman county, Kansas, from Indiana, in 1884. Both par- 
ents are deceased. Mrs. Plodgson has been reared to the duties of farm 
life, and as a conseqtience adapts herself readily to all l)ranches of rural 



RENO COTNTY, KANSAS. 3F5 

and home economics. She hns dcxoted a great part of her time to the inter- 
ests of pouUrw and has a ^inall section of the farm devoted exclusively to 
the raising of I'iynionth Rock chickens. Two children horn to Mr. and 
Mrs. Hfxlgson are Grace and I^'orest. In ])olitical affairs Mr. Hodgson sup- 
ports the principles of the T\ei)ul)]ican i)art\', and takes a li\-e interest in local 
elections. 



CHARLES A. LAMBERT. 

Charles A. Lambert, a well-known and progressive farmer of Roscoe 
township, this county, clerk of that township and proprietor of a w-ell-kept 
farm of two hundred acres in the Pretty Prairie neighborhood, is a native 
of Iowa, having been 1>orn on a farm in Lee county, that state, April ii. 
1871, son of J. A. and Alice (Schooley) Lambert, the former a native of 
Kentucky and the latter of Iowa, pioneers of Reno county, who are still 
living in this county on their fine farm of two hundred and eighty acres in 
Roscoe towmship, the highway separating their home from that of their 
eldest son. the subject of this biographical sketch. 

J. A. Lambert born in Murphy county, Kentucky, August 14. 1847, ^^^ 
of Robert and Anna (Scott) Lambert, the former of wdiom also was born 
in that state and the latter in Tennessee. Robert Lambert was the son of 
Charles and Phoebe ( Westerfield) Lambert, who left their home in Muqjhy 
county. Kentucky, in 1854, and moved to low^a, thence to Missouri, tlieir 
last days being spent in Clark county, that state. Robert Lambert continued 
farming in Kentucky for some years after his marriage to Anna Scott, who 
was the daughter of C. C. Scott, a wealthy slave owner, wdio had plantations 
both in Tennessee and Mis.souri and later moved to Lee county, Iowa, where 
he and his wife spent their last da}-s. They were members of the Christian 
church and their children were reared in that faith. There were seven of 
these children, of whom J. A. Lambert is the eldest, the others having l)een 
C. W., James, C. D., Sarah, Margaret and Lydia. Robert Lambert died 
on Januarv 18, 1879, and his widow survived him many years, her death 
occurring on March i, 1905. 

J. A. Lambert w^as reared in Lee county, Iowa, and received his educa- 
tion in the district school in the neighborhood of his home there. His par- 
ents were struggling to make their Iowa homestead profitable and at the 
early age of ten he began to contribute to the family support. Being the 
eldest child he was of large assistance to his father in the work of the farm 



3l6 REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and was early inured to a life of toil. On October i8, 1853. he married 
Alice Schooley, ^\■llo was born in Ohio, daughter of John and Edith (O'Neil) 
Schoolev, natives of Maryland, who later moved to Indiana, settling- in the 
neigh Ix)rhood of Indianapolis, where they fanned for some years, later 
mii\ing to Iowa, where they pre-empted eighty acres in Lee county, low^a. 
In 1884 J. A. Lambert and family moved from Iowa to Kansas, settling in 
this county on a farm in Roscoe towmship, where Mr. Lambert and his wife 
still make their home, though now living alone, all their children having 
married and made homes of their own. 

For some time after coming here J. A. Lambert left the direction of 
the farm to his eldest son. Charles, w^ho, with his brothers, farmed the place 
while their lather was working on the railroad and in the brickvard at Kinp-- 
man, his wages from that source supporting the family until the farm w^as 
brought under profitable cultivation. Mr. Lambert presently engaged 
somewhat extensively in cattle raising and prospered, he now being the 
nwner of a nne fann of two hundred and eighty acres, on wdiich he lives 
practically retired from the active duties of the farm. To J. A. Lambert 
and wife eight children have been born, of whom the subject of this sketch 
is the eldest, the others being Robert, who died in infancy; Alma, wdio died 
when nine years old; Oscar ]\I.. Edith. Erank, Elizabeth and Andy. 

Charles A. Lambert was about tw^elve years old wdien he came to this 
county with his parents and his schooling was completed here. He w^as his 
father's mainstay in the work of developing the farm and in due time shared 
in the prosperity that marked the operations on the home fami, becoming 
the owner of his present fine farm of tW'O hundred acres adjoining that of 
his father in Rcjscoe tow^nship, upon which he established his home at the 
time of his marriage in 1900. He erected a fine new house in 1907 and he 
extensively engaged in raising Shorthorn cattle and is regarded as one of thi; 
sulistantial farmers of his community. 

On March 7, 1900, Charles A. Lambert was united in marriage to Alice 
Hem])hi]l, who was born in b'ord cnuiity, Illinois, on March 5, 1871. daugh- 
ter of John and Sarah (Hutchison) lleni]jhill. the former of whom was 
Ixjrn in Ohio and the latter in Pennsylvania, daughter of James and Xancy 
(I'Yazer) Hutchison. John Hein])hill was married in Ohio, later moving to 
LaSalle, Illinois, thence to Paxton, same state, where he and his family lived 
for fifteen years, at the end of which time, in 1870, he moved to Kansas, 
pre-empting a tract of land in this county, where he and his wife spent the 
remainder of their lives, his death occurring on April 4, 1889, and hers. 
April 20. 1903. To John Llemphill and wife eight children were born: 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. '317 

Fannie, Frank. Josiah, I<^llen, Ilowanl, Watson. Alice and Anna, all of 
whom are li\ing- save the first-i)()rn. 

To Charles A. and Alice (Hemphill) Lamhert one child has heen horn, 
a daughter, Lola V., horn on November 21, 191 t. They are nieml^ers of 
the United Presbyterian chnrch. in which he has been elder for ten years, 
and in the \arious beneficences of which they take a warm interest, and are 
likewise properly interested in the various social activities of their neighbor- 
hood. Mr. Lambert ever has taken a proper interest in the civic affairs of 
his community and has served the public in the capacity of township clerk. 
He is a Democrat and a member of the Modern Woodmen of America. 



JAMES MILLS. 

The subject of this sketch came to Reno county in 1873. Settling on 
a homestead in Little River township he endured the hardships incident to 
pioneer days, passed with fortitude through the lean years which afflicted 
the early settlers, acquired a large estate, and is now comfortably situated 
in his pleasant home in Yoder township. 

James Mills was born on October 6, 1850. at North Kingston, Rhode 
Island, the son of George and Ruth (Northrup) Mills, both of whom were 
born in Rhode Island, the former of English and the latter of Scotch 
descent. The father of George Mills was a soldier during the War of 181 2. 
He lost his life when a United States war vessel was sunk in 181 3. George 
Mills was bom in 1S14, a few months after his father's death. Grand- 
mother Mills was married a second time and went to Ohio where she secured 
a land grant for her husband's war services. George Mills had an elder 
brother, Varnum. who lived and died in New York City. 

George Mills was born in Newport. Rhode Island, but grew up in the 
citv of Brooklyn. New "^"ork. Lie had to shift for himself from the time he 
was a small boy. Lie worked in a drug store and became a pharmacist, and 
later was employed on the police force at Newport. Rhode Island. George 
Mills was a member of the Baptist church and his wdfe was a Methodist. 
He died in i8q6. at the age of eighty-two years, and his wife died in 1899. 
at the age of seventy-eight. To George and Ruth (Northrup) ]\Iills were 
born eight children, three of whom came to Kansas, namely: George, who 
lives in McPherson county, entered a homestead there in 1875; Charles. 



3l8 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

deceased, once liw'.l in this state but went l)ack East; James, the subject of 
this sketch, was the fcnrtli cliild l;(irn tn bis parents. 

James Mills secured a good elementary education in the common schools 
in Xorth Kingston, Rhode Island, after which he worked as a farm hand 
near his home tnwn. Tn 1873 lie came to Reno county, this state, and set- 
tled on a (|uarter secti'^n liomestcad in Little River township, in section 2, 
township 22. range 4 west. His l)rother, Charles, came to the county soon 
afterward and took a pM-e-emption nearby. James ^^lills built a small house, 
twelve 13}- fourteen feet, and lived on the homestead until 1890. He was 
married in 187S, and prospered during the earlv years of his residence in 
this county, presently being the owner of six hundred and eighty acres of 
land. 

In i8()o James Alills moved to Lincoln township and bought eighty 
acres in section 7. where he li\-efl until 1905. He then bought one hundred 
and twenty acres adjoining, to which farm he moved and where he still 
makes his home. ]\lr. iNIills also bought four hundred and eighty acres in 
section i, in Lincoln township, and now owns six hundred and eighty acres 
in all. He feeds a small herd of cattle each year, but devotes his attention 
chietiy to grain farming. 

On October i, 1878, James iNIills was married to Julia E. Hobson, who 
was born in Campbell county, Kentucky, the daughter of Benjames James 
and Mary h^lizabeth (Watson) Hobson, native of A'irginia and Maryland, 
respectively, who were married in Washington. D. C. 

Benjames J. Llobson was a machinist by trade and located on Licking 
river, in Campbell county, Kentuck}-, \\here he operated a saw-mill. Erom 
there he went to Covington, Kentuck\-. and conducted a large distillery for 
a few years. In 1872 lie brought his family to Reno county, and took up 
a timber claim in section 2. in Little River townshi]). Mr. Hobson made 
an unsuccessful attempt at rai.sing peppermint, but found the climate unsuited 
to that crop. Leaving his family in Kansas he went back to Kentucky to 
secure employment, but soon returned to this state. Later he had charge 
of a distillery at Peoria. Illinois, for a number of years. Benjames J. Hob- 
son was born on Xovember 3, 1828. He now makes his home with his son- 
in-law, Mr. Mills. Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Hobson died in 1.902, at the age 
of sixty-eight years. 

James and Julia E. (Hobson) Mills were the parents of eight children, 
as follow: Edith, who was born in August, 1880, was assistant of an 
Indian school in Xew ^lexico, and is now li\-ing at home; Louie, who was 
bom in 1882. married Walter Duncan and lives on part of her father's farm 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. JIQ 

in >'oflcr townslii]); flcnj.'uncs ]., wlio was lioni in AujT;ust, 1884, is a farmer 
in Oklahoma; (icorge, wlio was horn in October, 1886, is a macliinist; PVed, 
who was Iiorn in Alarch. 1880, married Lois Wilson and lives on the home 
farm in Lincoln township ; David, horn in l*\'I)rnar\-, 1895; '\"l'(-"i't, horn in 
L"cl)rnary. i8()7, and Ueha. l)orn in December, 1904, are at home. 

Mr. Mills usually suj^ports the Republican ])arty in national issues, but 
is an inde]>endent in local atTairs. preferring the man l)est suited for the 
office regardless of party. He is always found ready to support anv measure 
calculated to promote the ^^■clfare of the county, and has served as a member 
of the school board. He is a member of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. Mrs. Julia Mills is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
Tames Mills has had no small i^sart in introducino- modern farmiu": methods 
into this section, and his success has jjeen a valuable example in the com- 
munity. Mr. and Mrs. Mills have many friends among whom thev are held 
in high esteem. 



BARCLAY L. JESSUP. 



Barclay L. Jessup, cashier of the .State Bank of Abbyville, this county, 
and one of the leaders in the financial and commercial life of that part of 
the county, is a native Hoosier, but has been a resident of this county ever 
since he was nine years old and mav therefore be looked upon as an "old- 
timer" hereabout. He was born near the city of Greenfield, in Hancock 
county, Indiana, October t, 1877, son of J. B. and Elmira (Ferrin) Jessup, 
the former of whom was born in that same county and the latter in the 
city of Indianapolis, Indiana, who for years have made their home in the 
western part of this county. 

J. B. Jessup w^as engaged in the lumber business in Indiana, which he 
sold and moved to Kansas in the fall of t886 and settled at Peace Creek in 
Iveno county, whence, after a short time he moved on to Colorado, but in 
1888 returned to Reno county and bought a farm near Sylvia, in the w-estern 
part of the county, where he has ever since made his home, being engaged 
in general farming and stock raising. Lie is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and he and his wife are active members of the United 
Brethren church. They are the parents of three children, of w^hom the 
subject of this sketch is the eldest, the others being Marion and \^ictor. 

Barclay L. Jessup was about nine years old when he came with his 
parents from Indiana to Reno county and his schooling was continued in 



320 . RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

the Syhia schools, upon completing the course at which he began teacliing 
school, later attending the normal school at Salina, after which he taught 
another term of school and then took a course in the business college at 
Kansas City. The following fall he put out a crop of wheat and then 
entered the employ of a merchant at Hutchinson, for whom he clerked until 
the first of January, 1900, when he entered the State Bank of Sylvia as a 
bookkeeper and was thus engaged for two years and nine months, at the 
end of which time he went to Denver, Colorado, wdiere for a time he was 
engaged as reporter for the International Mercantile Agency. He then was 
given charge of a supply store in the Clear Creek, gold-mining district of 
Colorado, and remained there eight months, at the end of which time he was 
called back to Reno county as cashier of the State Bank of Abbyville, which 
position he has held e\er since. Mr. Jessup entered upon his duties as 
cashier of the bank on September i, 1903, and since then has come to be 
regarded as one of the leading bankers and business men of that part of the 
countv. He also has extensive farming interests in this county and is secre- 
tary and one of the directors of a telephone company. 

In 1909 Barclay L. Jessup was united in marriage to Alma Curnutt, 
and to this union two children have been born, Ruth and Frieda. Mr. 
Jessup is a Republican and is a member of the Masonic and Odd Fellow 
fraternities, in the affairs of which organizations he takes a warm interest. 



\\1LLIAM R. CROW. 



William I\. Crow, the son of Isaac and Mary A. (Calvert) Crow, was 
born in Harriettsville, Noble county, Ohio, on Alay 24, 1870. Isaac Crow 
was a farmer and stock raiser and came to Reno townsliip in 1889 where he 
accumulated eight hundred and ten acres of land in sections 17 and 19. In 
1900 he retired from active life and moved to Hutchinson where he died at 
his home, 1217 Eleventh avenue west, in TO04. Isaac Crow was a native 
of Harriettsville, Ohio. Mary A. (Calvert) Crow was born in r.elmont 
County, Ohio, and is still living at 106 Ninth avenue east, Hutchinson. Mr. 
Crow was a member of the Ancient Free and -\ccepted Masons and he and 
his wife were active members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

To Isaac Crow and wife were born the following children : William R., 
Lcola Dell, Edwin G.. Elizabeth, the wife of E. F. Danford; George L. and 
Otis H. 





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nilZES KKCEIVED BY WILLIAM K. CliOW FOR SWINE EXHIBITS. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 321 

William R. Crow was educated in the district school of X(jble county, 
Ohio, and in Reno county, Kansas. Jtle came to Reno county in i.SS(j with 
his father and engaged in farming and stock raising. In 1892 he Ixjught the 
southeast quarter of section 24, township 23 south, range 7 west, which liad 
been homesteaded by J. D. Langlois. Mr. Crow sold the place, when he 
removed to ?Iutchinson, in 1896, to engage in the cattle and hog business. 
He now lives at 1300 South ]\)plar street, \\here he owns a fine home rmd 
seventeen acres of land. 

Mr. Crow and his sons are engaged in the cattle and the hog business 
under the lirm name of William R. Crow & Sons. They make a specialty 
of breeding the very best Duroc-Jersey hogs and their success has been most 
satisfactory. The two sons, Philip Ladd and Francis Luther ha\e added 
greatly to the success of the business. The industry was started ])ut fourteen 
years ago on a very small scale. While Mr. Crow was working in a creamerv 
he purchased a few hogs and developed them mostly on buttermilk. Under 
the careful care of Mrs. Crow the hogs thrived and in time some of them 
were exhibited at the county fair, but no ribbons were won. The showing 
made at this time encouraged both Mr. and Mrs. Crow and they determined 
to purchase some of the very best hogs that it was possible for them to get. 
Having made the decision, Mrs. Crow went to Wichita and purchased a pair of 
Durocs from J. U. Howe for one hundred dollars, which was as much as 
they could afford to invest at that time. The next fall they won one hun- 
dred and twenty dollars in premiums. In 19 13 their hogs won a silver 
trophy at Hutchinson, at the state fair, being the best young herd of Durocs. 
\n 19x4 thev won a solid sih-er pitcher for best young herd; in i(}i5 they 
won sih'er medals at Topeka and at Hutchinson. The prizes were all valued 
at from seventy-iive to one hundred dollars each and were gi\en I)}' the 
National Duroc-Jersey Record Association. In T915 the state of Kansas had 
selected the herd l^elonging to Mr. Crow for exhibition at the San Francisco 
exposition, but owing to the outbreak of the "foot and mouth" disease that 
year they were not allowed to transport them. 

On May 4. 1892, William R. Crow was united in marriage to Minnie 
Eisiminger, the daughter of Harvey Eisiminger and wife. Mrs. Crow was 
a native of Broadwell, Illinois, where she was born on October 5, 1870. To 
this union one son was born, Harvey, who was born on !\Iarch 18, 1893. He 
is a graduate of the business college at Hutchinson and at present is a book- 
keeper for the Arlington Hardware Com];any, at Arlington. 

On November 25, 1897, William R. Crow was united in marriage at 
(21a) 



322 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Hutchinson, to Gertrude Phillips, the daughter of WilHam and Helen A. 
(Root) Phillips. Mrs. Crow was a native of Kalamazoo, Michigan, where 
she was born on February 24, 1871. 

William Phillips was born in Leroy, New York, and came to Kansas 
in 1875 and homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres in Lincoln township. 
He later sold this place and removed to Kalamazoo county, Michigan, where 
he engaged in farming until his death in 1885. Mr. Phillips was a veteran 
of the C'wW War. having hrst enlisted in Xew York and served two years, 
after which he enlisted at Kalamazoo and served until the close of the war. 

Helen A. (Root) Phillips was a native of ^Michigan, where she lived for 
many years. In 1886 after the death of her husband, William Phillips, she 
came to Kansas, where she homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres of land 
and where she lived for three years. She later sold the place and moved to 
Plutchinson. In 1898 she was united in marriage to B. H. Pickett, a farmer 
of Clay township and they resided at their home in this township until her 
death on March 2, 191 6. 

The brothers and sisters of Gertrude Crow are as follow : Nellie, the 
wife of George E. Reed; Christa, the wife of James McMullin ; Margaret, 
who died at the age of four; Lotta, the wife of George Chesbro ; Louie, the 
wife of Aaron Phelps, and Blanche, the wife of C. V. Wilson. 

Tn William and Gertrude Crow ha\e been born the following children: 
Philip Ladd. born on January 11, 1899; Francis Luther, August 4, 1900; 
Mary, February 5, 1905; Fdward Rol^ert, June 7, 1909; Catherine Alberta, 
.April 7. 191 1, and Josephine Elizabeth, ]\Iarch 15, 1915. 



REV. DUDLEY DENTON AKIN, D. D. 

The Rev. Dudley Denton Akin. D. D., superintendent of the Hutchin- 
son district of the Methodist Episcopal churcli and for many years one of 
the best-known and most influential ministers of the gospel in the state of 
Kansas, is a native of Kentucky, having been born in the town of Lancaster, 
that state. Fel)ruary if). 1844, son of Jo.seph and Josephine (Woodrufif) 
Akin, both natives of that same .state, the former born in 1814 and the latter 
in 1822. 

Joseph Akin was a merchant tailor at Lancaster and spent In's last days 
there, his death occurring in April. 1846. Flis widow .survived Inni many 
years, her death occurring at the home of her son, the subject of this sketch. 



RliNO CUUNTY, KANSAS. 323 

at Lyons, Kansas, on March jo, 1894. Joseph Akin was a Methodist and 
his wife was a Presbyterian. They were the parents of four children, of 
whom Doctor .\kin is now tlie only survivor, the others having been as fol- 
low : Elizabeth, who married bVank Hopkins, a hotel keeper at Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, now deceased; Joseph, who was a printer at Port Gibson, Missis- 
sippi, and Josephine, who married John Davis, a farmer, of Sulphur Well, 
Jessamine county, Kentucky, now deceased. 

Dudley D. Akin was reared at Lancaster, Kentucky, receiving his ele- 
mentary education in the "pay" schools of that place, supplementing the 
same by a course in Professor Babcock's seminary there. Lie then began 
clerking in the general store of Rochester & McNeil at Lancaster and was 
thus engaged until he entered the service of the Union army at eighteen 
vears of age. He enlisted on Augu.st 21, 1862, in Company A, Eleventh 
Regiment. Kentucky Cavalry, under Colonel Riley, and served to the close 
01" the war, a part of which service was performed under Colonel Holman 
and jiart under Colonel Graham. He was mustered in at the old fair 
grounds at Louisville, Kentucky, as a first serg'eant and served with that 
rank throughout the war. l>eing mustered out at Camp Chase, near Colum- 
bus, Ohio, on May 21, 1865. During this service Sergeant Akin partici- 
pated in the battles at Creelsburg, Kentucky; Athens, Philadelphia, ]\Iays- 
ville. Moss Creek and Knoxville, Tennessee, and helped pursue General 
Morgan, the famous Confederate cavalry raider, through Kentucky, Lidiana 
and Ohio and was one of the force of tw'enty which led the advance of two 
hundred and forty under Major George W. Rue. when Morgan w-as cap- 
tured near New Lisbon, Ohio. As amanuensis he wrote the draft of the 
official report on the capture of Morgan, dictated by Majors Rue and Gra- 
ham and Captain Pond. On May 12, 1864, wdiile attached to Sherman's 
army, Sergeant Akin was captured by tlie enemy and for seven months w^as 
held prisoner; four months in Andersonville prison and three months in the 
l^rison ]3en at Florence. Alabama, l)eing one of the four members of the 
s((uad of twentv-oiie captured with him wdio survived the terrible ordeal. 
Sergeant Akin was not wounded during his period of service. 

Upon the completion of his military service Mr. Akin returned to his 
home in Kentucky and in the fall of 1865 w'as married. For six years 
thereafter he w\as engaged in farming and then, feeling strong wdthin him 
the call to the gospel ministry, entered Ayers Academy in Madison county, 
Kentucky, and ])repared for the ministry. Following his ordination to 
ser\ice in the Methodist Episcopal church he entered the itinerant ministry 



3^4 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

in Fel)rnary 26, 187.2, and has e\er since 1)een acti\ely engaged in the service 
of the chnrch. Doctor Akin recalls that for his first year's service he 
received one hundred and seventy-five dollars, mainly in supplies of one 
kind and an.othcr. He remained in the Kentucky conference, pastor of 
churches at \''ancel)urg and at Covington, until the fall of 1880, when he 
was transferred to the Kansas conference and ever since has labored in 
behalf df Methodism in this state, a period of more than thirty-five years, 
his whole period of consecutive and effective service on behalf of the church 
being now more than fort}-f(nn- years, during which time his yearly salary 
has averaged one thousand twd hundred and ninety-four dollars. During 
his period of service in this state Doctor Akin has been pastor of churches 
at Mcl'herson, Eldorado, tlutchinson (First church), Wichita (Emporia 
avenue), Arkansas Cit\-, Lyons, Peabody, Marion and Sterling. In 1905 
he received the appointment as district superintendent of the McPherson 
district of the Southwest Kansas conference, in which position he served for 
four years, at the end of which time he was appointed superintendent of the 
Hutchinson district, which position he holds at this date. During this period 
of superintendency Doctor Akin has raised in behalf of foreign missions the 
sum of more than two hundred thousand dollars, exclusive of the amounts 
raised b\" various local women's hom.e and foreign mission societies. He 
h^s fifty churches under his sujiervision, to each one of which he makes 
quarterly visits, besides such incidental calls as become necessary from, 
time to time. 

Doctor Akin's honorary tiile of Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon 
him I)\- the American University, Harriman, Tennessee, May 21, 1902. He 
is a Freemason and a K'niglit Templar and a member of the Peabody post 
of the Grand Army of the Rei)ul)lic and at one time served as chaplain of 
the Dei)artment of Kansas of that patriotic organization. He is a Repub- 
lican and has ever given a good citizen's attention to political affairs. II l- 
owns a handsome home at 771 i Avenue A, East, in Hutchinson, besides 
other valuable residence property in that city; a quarter of a section of land 
in McPherson county, this state; real estate in Lewis, Kansas, and Manitou, 
Colorado, and some land and town lots in Ze])hyr Hills and St. Cloud. 
Florida. 

On October 24. 1865. Dudley 1). Akin was united in marriage, in 
Jessamine county, Kentucky, to Sarah E. Sagenser. who was l)orn in that 
county in 1845. daughter of Flenry Sagerser and wife, and to this union 
seven children were born, namely: J<)scphine, who married the Rev. E. J 



RF.NO rOUXTY, KAXSAS. 325 

IJari)er, an l'^pisc(i]!al minister at St Catherines, Canada; janics, a l;ook- 
keei)er at Arkansas City, this state; Dndlev II., a ])Iumber and electrician at 
Sacaton, Ariz(Mia; Merrill, a hnilding- contraetcM" at Shawnee, Oklahoma; 
Elizabeth, whci married Ross Day and lives at Claremont, Calif(;rnia; Amos 
S., a teacher of ijenmanship at San Dieg'O, California, and John T., a student. 
The mother of these children died at Peabody. Kansas, I'^ebrnary 6, 1900, 
'dv.d on l'cl)rnar}- 16, igoi, I )octor Akin married, secondly, Mrs. Belle 
(Sanders) l\;indall, widow of the Rev. Mr. Randall, a Methodist minister, 
which union was without issue. Mrs. IJelle Akin, who was I'orn at Martins- 
burg, Ohio, lanuarv 22, 1853, died at Hutchinson, this county, September 
26 iqt;. At th: aiMmal conference held in Wichita, March 8, 1916, Doctor 
Akin was granted the retired relation at his own request. 



WILLIAM MUELLER,, JR. 

William Mueller, Jr., one of the most extensive landowners and wealthy 
farmers in this county, being the owner of more than thirteen hundred acres, 
and who also acts as manager for the large estate of his father, the latter of 
whom is the owner of tweh e hundred acres of choice land in this county, 
is a native of Illinois, having been born on a farm in Will county, that state, 
January ij, 1874, son of William and Christina (Besta) Mueller, both 
natives of Germany, the former born in Brunswick and the latter in Wal- 
deck, who later became pioneers of this county and are still living on their 
line estate in Haven township. 

William Mueller was born in 1841 and grew up on a small farm in 
Germany. When he was twenty-five years old he and his brother, Chris- 
tian, emigrated to the United States and settled in Will county. Illinois, 
where they found employment as farm hands. About that time there 
arrived in that neighborhood a ]>arty of German girls who had come to this 
country under the auspices of an immigration society, among whom was 
Christian Besta, wlio secured domestic employment in a farm house nearby 
the farm where \\'illiam Mueller was working. Not long thereafter Will- 
iam Alueller and Christian Besta w-ere married and two or three years later, 
in 1875, they and their baby son William, and Mr. Mueller's brother. Chris- 
tian, came to Kansas, locating in Reno county. William Mueller, Sr., 
bought the northwest quarter of section 30, in Elaven township, and his 
brother bought an eighty, but the latter presently sold his "eighty" to his 



326 RENO COUXTY, KANSAS. 

brother and rcturneil to Will county. Illinois, where he is still living, a 
quite well-to-do fanner. 

It was on that homestead tract, in Haven township, that William 
jMueller, Sr.. and his wife laid the foundation for their present very sub- 
stantial fortune. Both were industrious, frugal and willing, working toge- 
ther to a common end and from the very start of their operations in this 
county prospered. \\'illiam Mueller early went in somewhat extensively 
for cattle raising and his operations in that line also prospered, he soon 
becoming regarded as one of the most substantial figures in that part of the 
county. As he prospered he added to his land holdings until he now is the 
owner of twelve hundred acres of fine land in this county, besides eighty 
acres of very fine irrigated land in Los Animas county, Colorado. He has 
erected excellent buildings on his homestead farm in Haven township and 
there he and his competent helpmate are now living, very comfortably sit- 
city should be put on a cash basis and a sound financial footing, city orders 
uated and practically retired from the active duties of the farm, twenty 
vears ago having turned the management of the same o^"er to their only 
son. William, the immediate subject of this biographical sketch, who, in the 
meantime had been making as pronomiced a success of his farming opera- 
tions as had his father. \\'illiam JMueller, Sr., is a Democrat and ever has 
taken an earnest interest in local political affairs, but has not been included 
in the office-seeking class. He and his wife are among the leading mem- 
bers of the St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran church near Haven and he is 
a stockholder in the Farmers Grain Company at Llaven. To him and his 
wife one other child was born, daughter, Minnie, who married the Rev. 
Ludwig Brauer, a Lutheran minister living near Herrington. this state. 

The junior W^illiam Mueller was a babe in arms, about one year old, 
when his parents came to this county, in 1875, ^^^<^1 ^^^ "''^y "^'^^y properly 
thus be regarded as one of the pioneers of Reno county, though still a 
comparatively young man. Tn his boyhood he was inured to hard labor, for 
his parents were poor then and his assistance was needed in the difficult 
labors of develo])ing the homestead farm. He attended the 'Sit. Liberty 
school, district Xo. 109, in Llaven townshi]^, during the winters of his 
youth and later, when his father began to grow i)rosi)erous. was given the 
advantasre of a course in Waller College (Lutheran) at St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, v.-hich he supplemented l)y a course in the Southwestern Business 
College at Wichita, this «;tate. To this he continually added a study of the 
latest and most approved methods of scientific agriculture and early equipped 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 327 

himself for the duties of managing his father's large estate. After his mar- 
riage, in 1896. the management of the farm was turned over to him and 
he ever since has had charge of his father's farms, making his home in a 
very comfortable house not far from the parental home on the old home- 
stead. In his own affairs he has prospered largely, having gradually added 
to his personal land holdings until he now is the owner of thirteen hundred 
and thirty acres of land, including a farm of five hundred and twenty acres 
in Ford county, this state; a farm of three hundred and twenty acres in 
Gove county, this state; one hundred and seventy acres near Anness, in 
Sedgwick county; a quarter section in Clay township, this county, and a 
quarter section in Haven township. In addition to his general farming he 
has gone in somewhat extensively for hog raising and does a big business 
in that line. He owns a couple of fine automobiles and rides around among 
his farms directing the operation of the same, doing everything on a large 
scale. Mr. Mueller is backed by sufficient personal capital to enable him to 
buv large quantities of grain and hold the same for a rise in the market, 
having realized considerable profit from time to time by such procedure, 
long haxing been regarded as one of the most enterprising and energetic 
farmers and ranchmen in the county. 

On July 30, 1896, William IMueller, Jr., was united in marriage to 
Johanna Meissner, who was born in the province of Holstein, Germany, 
daughter of Louis and Mary Meissner, who came to the United States 
when their daughter, Johanna, was eight years old and located in Haven 
township, this county, where Louis Meissner died in 1893 S-'^d where his 
widow is still living. To Mr. and Mrs. Mueller three children have been 
born, Meta, born in 1897; Walter, 1899, and Arnold, 191 1. They are 
members of St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran church and are liberal sup- 
porters of all worthy causes looking to the advancement of the common 
welfare hereabout. 



C. W. CLAYBAUGH. 



C. W. Claybaugh, editor of the Pretty Prairie Times, was born in 
Trenton, Missouri. March 13, 1876. He is the son of C. M. and Lavina 
(Turk) Claybaugh, natives of Indiana. 

C. M. Cla^'baugh was for many years a traxeling salesman for a nur- 
sery companv and made his home at Trenton, Missouri, until three years 
before his death, when he removed to Nickerson, Kansas, where he died 



^^28 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

ill December. 1913. Mrs.. Clayban^h died in Ji^ily. tqti. They were the 
parents of the following children: Gertie, now deceased, was the wife of 
C. A. Beck, an artist of New York City; Grace is the wife of J- H. Drake, 
of Xickerson; JNIae married \\'. H. Wiseman, of Des Moines, Iowa; C. W. 
is the subject of this skctcli ; Winnie, deceased, and Bessie, who died at the 
age of nineteen }-ears. At the age of seventeen, C. AI. Claybaugh enhsted 
in the Union arniv and served for three months during the Civil War. At 
his death he was gi\en a military burial at Nickerson. 

C. W. Claybaugh received his education in the common and high school 
of Trenton, Missouri, and soon after completing- his education he began 
working for himself. On June 18, 1899, ^e was married in New York City 
to Lenore Travis, a native of Missouri and the daughter of Dr. K. W. 
Travis, who still resides at Spickards, Missouri. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Claybaugh have been born two children : Kelly W., 
born on July 12. 1901, and Charles W., December 2, 1903. For seven 
years the family were residents of New York City, where Mr. Claybaugh 
was engaged in the portrait enlarging business. In 1908 the family re- 
moved to Missouri, where they remained until 19 10, when they again 
Ijecame residents of New York City, where Mr. Claybaugh had a position 
as operator of a mo\'ing picture show and foreman in a printing office on 
Long Island. After remaining there two years the family 1:)ecame residents of 
.\tlantic, Iowa, where Mr. Cla}'baugh was foreman in the office of the Dailv 
Telegraph. On July 15, 1913, the family became residents of Pretty Prairie, 
where Mr. Claybaugh had purchased the Times, \vhich paper had been estab- 
lisherl 1)y Percy Torrey on August 15, 1910. 



JACOB L. SIEGRIST. 



Jacob L. Siegrist, one of Reno county's most progressive and substantial 
farmers, who has l^een a resident of this county since the spring of 1876, thus 
being accounted among the pioneers of the county, is a native of Illinois, 
having been lx)rn on a farm near the town of Trcniont, in Tazewell county, 
that state, on August i, 1850. son of John and b^lizabeth (Yontz) Siegrist, 
both lx)rn in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, of Pennsylvania-Dutch stock, 
their respective families having been represented in iliat ci immunity for more 
than two hundred years. 

John Siegrist was born on January 18. 1823, son of Christian and Hettie 





^^"■^^^^ ^/.-c^^yi^U^ \^ /7-^/^ 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 329 

Siegrist, members of the Mennonite church and well-to-do farming people of 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, both meml^ers of old I'ennsylvania-Dutch 
families that had long been resident thereabout. lie grew up on the paternal 
farm and on April 24, 1848, married Elizabeth Yontz, then eighteen years 
of age, who was liorn in that same county on February 12, 1831, daughter 
<if Jacol; and b^annic Yontz, both of Swiss descent, l)ut whose families had 
been so long represented in the Lancaster county settlement that they were 
firmly merged in the common Pennsylvania-Dutch stock there and who were 
Lutherans in their religious persuasion. Immediately after their marriage 
John Siegrist and his bride started for the prairies of Illinois, determined 
to make, for themselves a home in that then remote country. They pro- 
ceeded by boat from Pittsburgh to St. Louis and thence up the Illinois river 
to Tazewell countv, where John Siegrist bought a quarter section of "Con- 
gress la'nd" at one dollar and twenty-five cents an acre, and there, in the 
Tremont neighborhood, almost the exact center of the county, they proceeded 
to make their home. At that time their nearest neighbor was two miles 
distant and the dread fever and ague which then were so prevalent throughout 
all that new country for a time made their lives miserable, but they were 
stout-hearted and gradually overcame the difficulties which confronted them 
during the pioneer stage of their life there and eventually prospered and had 
a fine farm, rearing their children amid plenty and comfort ; but it was nine- 
teen years before Mrs. Siegrist was able to make a visit back to her old home 
in Pennsylvania. 

In 1876 John Siegrist's attention began to be attracted to the glowing 
reports at that time emanating from this favored section of Kansas and he 
and his eldest son, Jacob L., the subject of this sketch, came to Reno county 
to look the land over. Mr. Siegrist contracted for four sections of land 
here, with the expectation of engaging largely in the l)usiness of cattle rais- 
ing, and, leaving his son here, returned to Illinois, where he closed -up his 
affairs, selling his Tazewell county farm for forty dollars an acre, and he 
and the other members of his family came to Reno county to establish a new 
home. Upon arriving here Mr. Siegrist had fifteen thousand dollars a\-ail- 
able for investment. He changed his mind about buying a great cattle range 
and, instead, decided to go in for wheat raising. He bought the southwest 
quarter of section 22, township 23, range 6 west, in Reno township, and a 
full section of school land in Salt Creek township. In 1877 he built a fine 
frame house on his Reno township cpiarter and later bought another quarter 
section adjoining. His house then was one of the best in this county and is 
still a fine country home. During the first four years of his residence here 



330 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Mr. Sie^rist lost practically all liis crops due to the droughts of those years, 
but presently began to prosper and became one of the most substantial farm- 
ers in the county. He paid much attention to the raising of hogs and is said 
to have shipped four of the best carloads of hogs ever sent out of this county. 
j^.Ir. Siegrist Avas a strong, robust man and retained his vigor and interest in 
affairs right up to the closing days of his life, his death occurring on August 
15. 1907, at the age of eighty-five years. His widow is still living on the 
old home place, the farm now being under the management of their eldest 
son, Jacob L., the subject of this sketch. 

To John and Elizabeth (Yontz) Siegrist seven children were born, 
namely: Jacob L., of whom further mention will be made later; Mary, who 
married George Spangenberger and lives on a farm in Reno township ; Abra- 
ham, a former well-known Reno township farmer, who died in 1913; George 
\\"., a prosperous grain merchant at ^^'hiteside, this county; Hettie, who 
married William Hodson and lives at Herington, this state ; John Henry, who 
died at the age of six months and two days, and Annie, who married Claud 
Epperson and lives in Lincoln township, this county. 

Jacob Siegrist received his education in the district school in the neigh- 
borhood of his pioneer home in Tazewell countv, Illinois, and being the 
eldest son was his father's mainstay on the farm. On April 14. 1876, he 
then being twenty-six years old, he came to this county with his father seek- 
ing a location. While his father returned home, preparatory to removing 
to this county, Jacob L. Siegrist remained here, looking over the country, for 
about a year, at the end of which time he. too, returned to his Illinois home 
and there, on February 6, 1877, was united in marriage to Libbie A. Biggs, 
who was l3orn in Hamilton county, Ohio, on February 22, 1853. daughter of 
John and Serena Biggs, and then returned to this county with liis parents and 
the others of the family when they came here in the early spring of that 
same year. Upon locating permanentl}- in this county. Mr. Siegrist bought 
one-fourth of the section of school land which his father had bought in Salt 
Creek township and there made his home until 1902, in wliich year he 
moved to his father's place in Reno townshij) to take the acti\e management 
of the same, and there he ever since has made his home. During his resi- 
dence in Salt Creek township he had added to his holdings there by the pur- 
chase of an eighty-acre tract adjoining and ui)on moving to Reno township 
bought a farm of one hundred and twenty acres adjoining that place and is 
therefore quite a well circumstanced landowner. Mr. Siegrist is known as 
an excellent farmer. He claims to have raised the first acre of alfalfa ever 
produced on Reno county soil, now one of the county's chief crops, and also 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 33 I 

brought to this cuunt}' the lirst large ICnghsh I'.erkshire hogs ever brought 
here. For fourteen years he gave much attention to the ])reeding oi full- 
bloocl Berkshires and did very mucii toward elexating the standard of liog 
raising hereabout. 

To Jacob L. and Libl}ie A. (Biggs) Siegrist hve children were 1)orn, 
as follow: John H., born on November 14, 1877, a valuable assistant to his 
father on the home farm; Myrtle, November 12, 1879, who married Byron 
A. Eastman, a \vell-known farmer of Reno township, a biographical sketch of 
whom is presented elsewhere in this volume; Arthur, July 3, 1881, who lives 
on his father's farm in Salt Creek township; Alpha, June 9, 1887, a Reno 
township farmer, and Wesley, May 16, 1894, who lives on a farm in Grant 
township, this county. The mother of these children died on March 22, 

Mr. Siegrist was a Republican but for the past twenty years has been 
independent, and ever has given a good citizen's attention to political affairs, 
but never has been a candidate for public office. Since he was twenty-one 
years old he has been a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and ever has taken a warm interest in the affairs of that popular fraternal 
organization. 



HON. FRANK L. MARTIN. 

The Hon. Frank L. Martin, for years a leader of the bar at Hutchinson, 
former judge of the district court, tw-ice mayor of the city of Hutchinson 
and member of the lower house of the Kansas General Assembly, generally 
regarded hereabout as one of the best infomied and most learned lawyers 
in this part of Kansas, is a native of Illinois, having been boni on a farm 
in Hancock county, that state. March 15, i860, son of Gilbert and Eliza- 
beth (Lee) Martin, both natives of Washington county, Indiana, the former 
of wdiom died in 1869 and the latter of whom is still living, being now past 
eighty years of age. 

Gilbert Martin, member of one of the pioneer families of southern 
Indiana, grew up on a farm in ^\^ashington county, that state, and was mar- 
ried there, shortly after which he moved to Illinois and bought a farm in 
Hancock county, where he spent the remainder of his life, being engaged 
in the nursery and live-stock business. In 1863 he volunteered his services 
as a soldier in the Civil War, enlisting in an Illinois regiment, but was taken 
ill and three weeks later was honorably discharged on a physician's cer- 



J,\J RKXO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

tilicate <.)f disability. ITe was a Whig and later a Republican and he and his 
wife were members ot" the ^lethodist Episcopal church, in which faith their 
children were reared. Gilbert [Martin died in Deccniljer, 1869, ^^ the age 
of thirty-six years, and his widow ne\'er remarried. In 1912 she sold her 
farm in Hancock count\". Illinois, and mo\'ed to the city of Quincy, same 
state, where she is now li\ing in a ripe old age. The Widow Martin was 
born in Washington county. Indiana, in 1835, daughter of Richard Henry 
Lee and wife, \'irginians, and early settlers in southern Indiana, the fonner 
of whom was a member of the famous Lee family of Virginia. Gilbert 
Martin and wife were the parents of seven children, namely: IMrs. Emma 
Crawford, who lives at \\'est Point, Illinois; Frank L., the immediate sub- 
ject of this biographical sketch ; Gilbert L. and Granderson, twins, the 
former of whom is deceased and the latter a resident of West Point. Illi- 
nois; James L., a well-known farmer of Reno township, this county; D. 
LTerl)ert. manager of the bond department of the Fidelity Trust Company at 
Kansas City. Missouri, and Mrs. Elizabeth Randall, who died in Thomas 
county, this state. 

Frank L. }.lartin grew up on the paternal farm in Hancock county, 
lliin(;is. attending the district school in the neighborhood of his home dur- 
ing the winters, the term in the same consisting of from sixty days to three 
months. At eighteen years of age, when he entered the high school at 
Bowen, the neighboring village, he realized that he had spent far more time 
playing and having a good time at school than he had devoted to his books, 
for he found himself in a class ^\•ith youngsters of from twelve to thirteen 
years of age. who were far more advanced in their studies than he. Recog- 
nizing the need of diligence in his studies, he buckled down to the task and 
presently passed the examination for teachers and was licensed as a teacher 
in the public schools. For five years thereafter he taught school, the last 
year of this form of service, 18S4-85, having been engaged as principal of 
the schools at Dallas City, Illinois. In the meantime, during the evenings 
while engaged as a teacher and during the summer vacations. Mr. Martin 
had been diligently aii])h-ing himself to the reading of law in the office of 
Sharp &• Berry Brothers at tarthage, Illinois, and was admitted to the bar 
on May 22. 1885, immediately following the close of his last term of .'school. 
Thus e(|uiiiped for the practice of the profession to which he had devoted 
liis life, Mr. Martin straightway came to Kansas, arriving in Hutchinson 
on June i. 1885, and has since then made his home in that city, long having 
been recognized as one of the leaders of the bar. not only there, but through- 
out this entire section of the state. 



KKNU COUNTY, KANSAS. 333 

]'nv the lirst (lirc'c nioiitlis after locating at Mutchinson, Mr. Martin 
occu]Me(l a de^k in the office of Ivicksecker & Chrisnian. lawyers, and then 
he !)ecaine the junior ineniher of the lirni of Schehle, Vandeveer & Martin. 
Three months later Mr. Scheble died and the firm continued as Vandeveer 
& Martin. In 1887 Mr. Alartin married his partner's sister, the nuUnally 
agreeable partnership between the two men thns becoming more firmly 
cemented, N'andeveer & Martin continning in ])ractice together very siic- 
cef-sfnlly nntil 1891, in which year judge Vandeveer moved to Kansas City, 
after which Mr. Martin formed a new connection and was a member of 
the firm of vSwigart, Martin & Crawford until he resigned from the firm 
on January i, 1892. to enter upon the duties of judge of the district court 
for the ninth Kansas judicial district, to which office he had been elected at 
the preceding general election. For four years Judge Martin occupied the 
bench of the district court and was re-elected, but after serving one year of 
his second tenu resigned in order to re-enter the practice of the law, the 
latter form of service offering a far more lucrative field than the bench. 
Judge Martin then f(jrmed a partnership with John W. Roberts, under the 
iirm name of Martin & Roberts, which was continued until in May, 1900, 
when Mr. Roberts moved to Seattle, Washington. About that time George 
A. Vandeveer returned to Hutchinson from New York City, where he had 
l)een serving as chief counsel for the National Surety Company, having gone 
from Kansas City to New York, and the old and profitable alliance of 
Vandeveer & Martin was renewed and continued until Judge Vandeveer" s 
tleath on August 3. 1907. Judge Martin then continued his practice alone 
until in Julv, 1912. at which time he associated with himself in the practice 
of the law his son, \^an Martin, then just home from law school with a well- 
earned diploma, and since then the firm has been Martin & Martin. In 
19 1 4 judge Martin was admitted to practice in the United States supreme 
court. He has been engaged in some of the most noted lawsuits tried in the 
courts of this part of Kansas and has a wide reputation as a practitioner 
throughout the state. 

During his many years of practice at Hutchinson, Judge ]\Iartin has 
been one of the most active participants in the political affairs of the county 
of anv man hereabout. An ardent Republican, he ever has been a leader 
in the councils of that party in this county and in 1891 was chairman of the 
convention that met to nominate a candidate of the Republican party for 
the office of district judge. I-^or two days and two nights the convention 
was in deadlock. It then becoming apparent that the deadlock could not be 
broken, the several aspirants for the nomination agreed to the selection of 



334 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

three men, one of whom sliould be made the nominee of the convention. 
Under this arrangement, F. F. Prigg, of Hutchinson, received the nomina- 
tion, but he dechned to accept and the convention was thereupon adjourned 
to meet at Burton on September 31, following, the nomination going to ]\Ir. 
^lartin in this latter convention. Never was a more strenuous or effective 
campaign made in this district than that which followed his nomination and, 
despite the fact that the Populists carried the state and local ticket that year, 
Mr. Martin was elected by a plurality of three hundred and ninety-six votes 
and was re-elected in the election of 1895. In 1901 Judge Martin was 
elected mayor of the city of Flutchinson on a platform promising that the 
at that time having been for some time heavily discounted in the banks. 
This platform was so rigidly adhered to during the administration of Mayor 
Martin that city orders were restored to par, and the city restored to its 
former .sound tinancial rating. Such a course not unnaturally aroused much 
opposition in certain quarters and Mayor ^Martin was defeated for the 
nomination in 1903. but in 1909 he was again nominated and elected. The 
city in the meanwhile had voted to adopt a commission form of government 
and it fell to Mayor Martin's lot to organize the functions of local govern- 
ment along these new lines. In the interim between his terms of office the 
cit\- again had reverted to the old slipshod methods of government and city 
orders again were away belo\v par. Mayor Martin's personal influence, 
backed by his known financial stability, proved sufficient guaranty with the 
banks of the city and funds were advanced with which to run the city 
government for a period of nine months, by which time the mayor again 
had restored the city's credit. I'nder the commission form of government 
the term of mayor was fixed at three years, and after Mayor Martin had 
Served one year of that term the city, by reason of growth of population, 
had passed from the status of a city of the third class to a city of the second 
class and it became necessary to hold a new election and Mayor Martin 
declined to stand for re-election. In 1914 Judge Martin was elected repre- 
sentative in the Legislature from the sevenl\ -fifth legislative district and his 
services in the lower house of the General Assembly proved valuable to his 
district and t'» the state at large. 

In addition to his extensive practice and the performance of his official 
duties, as the latter would arise. Judge Martin is a farmer of no mean 
al)ility. being particularly well known hereabout as an apple grower, his fine 
orchards on his model "Riversbanks Plantation" northeast of Hutchin.son, 
in Clay township, being his particular pride and joy. This fine plantation 
takes it? name from its original ov/ner. Rivers Banks, a Kentuckian, who 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 335 

liomeste.'uled iliat tract in pioneer days. Judge Martin has owned the place 
since 1902 and has given Iiis orchards. a great deal of thoughtful attention, 
his [)r()lit on his ajiples alone last year having been more than his original 
investment in the place. He has added to his original tract until he now 
owns four luinch'cd acres in Clay and Medora townships, of which one hun- 
dred and ten acres are planted in orchards, in addition to which he is the 
owner of a tifteen-lumdred-acre ranch in Hayes township, stocked with fine 
cattle. 

On June 29, 1887, Frank L. Martin was united in marriage to Nellie 
V'andeveer, of Hutchinson, who was born in the town of Pana, in Christian 
county, Illinois, daughter of Aaron and Sarah (McWilliams) Vandeveer, 
both natives of Illinois. .Aaron Vandeveer was a farmer and stockman, the 
owner of about five hundred acres of land, who moved to Pana in order to 
secure to his younger children the advantage of the schools and there he 
and his wife spent their last days, his death occurring when he was fifty- 
six years old and hers in 1903, she then being seventy years of age. They 
were the parents of ten children, four of whom grew to maturity, as follow ; 
George A., for years a prominent attorney at PTutchinson, former law part- 
ner of Judge Martin, who (bed in 1907; Amanda, who married E. N. Mex- 
field, a hotel proprietor at Great Bend, this state : Nellie, who married Judge 
Martin, and Calvin B., who lives at Ashland, this state. 

To Frank L. and Nellie (Vandeveer) Martin five children have been 
born, namely: Van M., born on September i, 1888, who after his gradua- 
tion from the Flutchinson high school attended the Salt City Business Col- 
lege and then entered the Kansas State University, from the law depart- 
ment of which he was graduated in 1912, since which time he has been 
practicing law as a partner of his father, under the firm name of ]\Iartin & 
Martin; Elizabeth, October 15, 1893, '^^'^^o married James Farley and lives 
in Hutchinson; John Morrill, September 16, 1894, who after three years 
at the State University of Kansas is now (191 5) a senior in the Washing- 
ton State University; Clara, October 16, 1807, ^'^"^^^ Franklin L., March 12, 
1903. Judge and Mrs. Martin are mejnbers of the First Presbyterian church 
and are among the leaders in all good works hereabout, they and their 
family being held in the highest esteem. Judge Martin is a member of the 
Kansas State Bar Association and of the American Bar Association, in the 
deliberations of which he takes an active interest and occupies a high place 
in the regard of his associates at the bar. He is a member of the Ancient 
Order of United V/orkmen and takes a warm interest in the afifairs of that 
organization. 



^^6 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

WILLIAAI HODGSOxX. 

William Hodgson is a native of Cumberland comity, England, where 
he was born on December 25, 1842. He is the son of Hetherington and 
Rebecca (Smithson) Hodgson, both of whom were also natives of Cumber- 
land county, England. It may be stated in connection with the name Smith- 
son, that the first cousin of Mrs. Hodgson was the founder of the Smithsonian 
Institute, of Washington, D. C. 

Hetherington Hodgson was known in the county in which he was born, 
as a master moulder in the "iron county" of England. He worked at his 
chosen trade until 1837, when with his family he came to this country and 
settled in Taunton, Bristol county, Alassachusetts, where he continued to work 
along the lines of his trade until 1857, when he moved to Steele county, 
Minnesota, where on a homestead in Deerfield township, he engaged in the 
occupation of farming. This pursuit proved to be unprofitable, owing to 
the conditions of that locality and period, and ]\Ir. Hodgson anticipating a 
probable financial crisis, decided to turn his attention to another field of 
activity and spent two years traveling through the A\>st and the Northwest. 
During that time he established a number of foundries, the one at St. Paul 
being the first foundry established north of Dubuque. Along the Mississippi 
river as far as St. Paul he put up a number of moulding shops, from which 
he received good wages. ^Ir. Hodgson passed away in 1877 ^^ the age of 
seventy-four years. His wife died in 1861 at the age of sixty-three. The 
couple attended the Universalist church, but were "free thinkers." Mrs. 
Hodgson was a woman of broad education and for eleven years preceding 
her marriage taught in the public schools of England. Mr. Hodgson was a 
descendant of one of the most patriotic as well as notable families of Eng- 
land. His uncle, Captain Plodgson, was prominent in the Indian Mutiny, 
and durino- an uprising in India, he shot the Raiah of P)engal and also his 
heir, and thus owing to the fatalistic belief of Hinduism, put an end to the 
mutiny. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hetherington Hodgson were the parents of the following 
children: Richard, who became a prominent physician of Stoneham, Massa- 
chusetts, died at the age of seventy-four years; Elizabeth, who became the 
wife of Ezra Crandall, lived for a number of years in Steele county. Minne- 
j^otp. where her death took place; William, the subiect of this sketch; lennie. 
who was the first school teacher in Reno county, Kansas, died in TQ03 ; Heth- 
erington. known as Harry, who was clerk of the first court of Reno county 




MRS. WILLIAM HODGSON 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 33/ 

by appointment and later elected to the same office, was identified with stock 
raising until the time of his death which he met in a train wreck near liillings, 
Montana; Thomas, who resides in Middleboro, Massachusetts, is a well- 
known physician, and formerly lived in Reno county, Kansas, where he 
homesteaded a tract of land for his medical college funds and which he 
later sold to his brother William; Mary became the wife of \V. J. Sponsler. 
of Hutchinson, .and Sarah, the youngest of the family, died at the age of 
twenty-two, on the farm in Reno county. 

When William Hodgson was two or three years old his parents moved 
from England to Massachusetts and later to Minnesota, where after olitain- 
ing a meager education. William Hodgson went to work with his father on 
the homestead. His brothers each received the advantages of a liberal edu- 
cation but William was content to gain his experiences through contact with 
the problems of farm life. 

On October i, 1861, William Hodgson enlisted in Company E, Fourth 
Regiment, Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, at Vt. Snelling, Minnesota, and 
became color sergeant of the regiment. He fought under General Grant at 
the battle of Shiloh, and had numerous thrilling experiences. The first 
important battle in which the sul)ject of this sketch took part was at luka, 
Mississippi, Septeml^er 19, 1862, this was followed by an overland expedi- 
tion which had for its object the capture of Vicksburg. On March i, 1863, 
Mr. Hodgson's regiment left Memphis with the Ross and Buford l)rigades 
on the historic expedition to Yazoo Pass. A squad of cavalry with the 
assistance of two gunboats and the ram "Tndianola" cut the levee on the 
Mississippi side, just below Helena, Arkansas, from which point the expe- 
dition was sent later, to form part of the army which captured A^cksburg. 
During the campaign the regiment took part in the battles of Port Gibson. 
Forty Springs, Jackson and Champion's Hill. In a charge at Mcksburg, 
Company E was seriously crippled. Mr. Hodgson and one comrade being 
the only members who were able to reach an advanced point in the forward 
movement. At Vicksburg the Fourth Minnesota was held in reserve, but 
seizing a chance to take his musket, the subject of this sketch joined the 
attacking force, and had scarcely pulled down the heavy visor of his cap 
when he received a wound in the forehead which rendered him unconscious 
for two hours. His skull was slightly fractured, but after he regained con- 
sciousness he again took part in the battle and after the middle of night he 
was taken from the field, having first been passed by the relief assistants as 
dead. After his recdvrry from the effects of the wound, Mr. Hodgson left 
(22a) 



338 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

with the members of his regiment for a four-hundred-mile march from i\Iem- 
phis across the mountains to rehex'e General Thomas, who was shut up in 
Chattanooga, besieged by the Confederate General Pemberton. On this 
march the arm}- suffered some of its greatest losses, but was rewarded in the 
end by the capture of one hundred and sixty-nine prisoners. 

(^n March 20, iS(^. Mr. Hodgson was granted a veteran furlough of 
thirty days and upon his return to the ser\"ice fought under General Sherman 
on the march to the sea until the fall of Savannah. He also had part in the 
hnal movement which resulted in Johnston's surrender, and took part in the 
Grand Review w hich was held in Washington. At the fall of Savannah the 
Fourth Minnesota was the first in line in Sherman's army to enter the city, 
and was led liy the sul)ject of this sketch as color bearer of his regiment. Mr. 
Hodgson was mustered out of service on July 19, 1865. He participated in 
twenty-three battles, of which the one at Alatoona Heights, Georgia, seemed 
to him the most severe. 

At the close of the war the subject of this sketch returned to his home 
in Minnesota, where, on the 8th of November, 1865, he was united in mar- 
riage to Ellen Ware, a native of Xew York, and the daughter of Rev. 
Thomas Ware, a Methodist minister, and Sophia (Mixer) Ware, both of 
whom were pioneers of Steele county, ^Minnesota. Mr. Ware died in 1884, 
and his wife, who was born in 1S19, passed away in 1896. 

In 1866, Mr. Hodgson bought the farm owned by his father-in-law and 
followed the occupation of farming for a year, when he decided to sell out 
owing to the severe winters experienced in that locality. He bought forty 
acres of land in Jasper county, Missouri, where he farmed until 1873, when 
on the 14th (jf April he made his initial appearance in Hutchinson, Reno 
county, Kansas. In Reno county his two l)rothers, Harry and Thomas, and 
two sisters, Jennie and Mary, had built a house on the corner of four quarter 
sections of land, where they had taken up a homestead claim on a full sec- 
tion, or one square mile, in section 20, township 2t,, range 6 west. The 
subject of this sketch bought out the interests of his two brothers in Reno 
county, and still lives on the land purchased at that time, where he is known 
as the oldest living settler in that part of the county. 

In political affairs the subject of this sketch has always taken an active 
part in Republican activities, and for one year was township trustee, and for 
thirty years a member of the .school board, hi liis religious belief he is a 
Spiritualist. Mrs. Hodgson died on May 5, kjo'i, at the age of sixty-three 
years, after rearing a family of the following children : Minnie Rebecca, the 
wife of Charles Theiss and a resident of Clay township. Reno county; Alice 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 339 

and l^lla, who died when cliikh'cn ; l"".d\\ar(l, a ])hysician at Stnneham, Massa- 
chusetts; llerhert ( "hirence, of whom an acc(junt is gi\cn on another j)age of 
this \-ohinie. and W'ilHain T... a farmer of Reno townshi]). also mentioned 
elsewhere in this work. 

Mr. Hodgson has kept u[) a lively interest in the affairs of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. He joined the organization at the time when the 
;nembers were authorized to watch the movements ui the Klu Ivlux Klan, and 
is a charter member of the Joe Hooker Post, at Hutchinson, Kansas. 



ARTHUR F. PETERSON. 

Arthur F. Peterson is a descendant of two families of Sweden. He 
was born on January 2j^, 1879., in Clay township, Reno county, Kansas. 
His father was Allman Peterson, wdio w^as a native of Elmhult, in the 
central autl most fertile region of Sweden. He was born there on Febru- 
ar\- 8, 184Q. When he reached the age of twenty-two years he took pas- 
sage on a ship bound for America, determined to carve out his fortune in 
the New World. On the same vessel w^as Swan Eskelson and his wife 
with part of their family, one of whom, their daughter, Christine, w-as the 
future wife of the young emigrant. She was born on January 9, 185 1. 
They all arrived in Topeka. Kansas, and in the same year, 1871, Allman 
I'eterson went on to Newton, where the Santa Fe railroad terminus was at 
that time. He \vas for five years a foreman at the round-house there, but 
at the end of that period he purchased eighty acres of railroad land in Clay 
township. Reno county, it being the west half of the southeast quarter of 
section 15. township 2;^, range 5 west. He later bought forty acres more 
and on his property built a small shack, which, on being burned, was re- 
placed l>y another more pretentious. In 19 13 he and his famih- left the 
farm fcsr a residence in Hutchinson and there, on Julv 4, 191 5, Allman Pet- 
erson was found dead in l)ed of heart trouble. His wife had preceded him, 
December 2, 1909. The}- were both Lutherans and he was, in politics, a 
Den:ocrat. He was noted for his success in stock raisino-. Their familv 
consisted of Agnetta, the wife of J. F. Dodge, stock raiser of Earned, Kan- 
sas; Oscar A., Iiorn on Ncn-ember 7, 1876, who married Mary Elizabeth 
Penney, and resides on a farm in Clay tow nship ; Arthur F. ; Anton, who 
is unmarried and a ])roken of Hutchinson; Hilma. the wife of R. D. Scher- 
merhorn. of Hutchinson. 



340 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Anliiir I', i^eterson received his education in the Okee district school 
of Clay township, and in the Kansas State Normal. After working on the 
farm for his father until T906 he was hrst cashier and later claim agent of 
the \\"ells- Fargo Express Company at Hutchinson. In 1907 he and Fred 
Forsha formed a partnership in the brokerage business. Two years later, 
Mr. Forsha retired and the Peterson Brokerage Company was formed, with 
Arthur P. and Anton as partners. Besides handling flour and all kinds of 
merchandise they were agents for Annour & Company. In Jmie, 1914, 
Anton Peterson took entire charge of the business and Arthur F. moved to 
his father's farm. He is at present renting the farm of the heirs and car- 
ries on general farming there. In 1913 he sold his interest in the two hun- 
dred and forty acres in section 13. Clay township, which they had jointly 
purchased in 1902. to his brother, Oscar A. 

Perhaps his greatest interest lies in raising and training race horses. 
He lias ow'-ned the horse. ''Liberty Bird," by "Jail Bird," eight of whose 
colts have been noted for speed. Mr. Peterson has raised some very fine 
horses, not the lea.st noted of which is "Silver Key," a pacer, with a 2:13^ 
record. He has been driven and raced by Air. Peterson's brother in Kansas, 
Oklahoma and Missouri. On the Peterson farm at present are some splen- 
did colts with speed prospects. 

On October 30. 19 12, the marriage of Mr. Peterson to Lena Tellin 
took place in Plutchinson. Kansas. Her parents are Peter and Emma Tellin. 
of Plutchinson. Mr. Tellin has a long and useful record w'ith the Santa 
Fc railroad, having served that company for forty years, beginning when 
its western terminus was Topeka. He is retired from active service on a 
pension. He has a ranch at Greenwood. To Mr. and Mrs. Peterson lias 
l)een born one child. Jean, bom on December ii. 1913. 

Mr. Peterson is a member of the Masonic lodge, the Benevolent and 
Prr.tectixe Order of Elks and the Ignited Commercial Travelers. 



CHARLES PETERSON. 



Charles Peterson, son of Carl and Catherine ( I^ilerson) Peterson, w-as 
horn in Smolen. Sweden. June 12. t868. His father is a native of that 
same place, the date of his l)irth being April to. 1836. He came to York- 
town. Indiana, in 1870. and later lived in Tippecanoe and Clinton coun- 
ties, Indiana, where he engaged in farming and stock raising until March 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 34 I 

I. i'*^,75, wlieii he removed to McPherson county, Kansas, and homesteaded 
eii^hty acres of land. In 1892 or 1893 he moved to Marquette, Kansas, 
and (lied there in Octoher, jqgq. He served for some time as a soldier in 
the ;n-n]y of Sweden before coming- to America. He followed the occu- 
pation of a farmer in his nati\e countr;,-. .\t the time of his death he was 
an acti\e member of the Meth<Klist church. 

ATr. Peterson's mother was also a nati\'e of Sniolen, Sweden. .She 
was born on May 9, 1834, and came with her children to join her husband, 
who had preceded her, to Yorktown. Indiana, in July, 1871. She is still 
living at Mar(|uette, Kansas, where she is an active member of the Meth- 
odist church. 

The brothers and sisters of Charles Peterson are : Martha, born in 
Sweden, June 13, 1857, married James K. Stinson, who is at present the 
postmaster at Marrjuette, Kansas; J. Gust, born in Sweden, September, 
1S63, is a farmer and stock raiser in McPherson county, Kansas; Pmma C. 
born in Sweden. May 1, 1865, married I^rank Elmcjuist, a farmer and stock 
raiser in McPherson county; Josephine, born in Sweden, March 12, 1867, 
married Adolph Plawkinson, a farmer and stock raiser in McPherson 
county; Ernest W., born in Yorktown, Indiana, July 6, 1871. is a dentist 
and has been in the practice of his profession at Kansas Citv, Missouri, for 
twenty years; Frank, born in Yorktown. February 8, 1873, is a farmer 
and stock raiser in McPherson county, and is the organizer of the Fanners 
Union in that county; Jennie F.. born in ^'orktown, Septemljer 12, 1874, 
married \\'illiam ^Vestling. who has a general store at Marquette, Kansas ; 
George H., liorn in McPherson county, Kansas, September 6. 1877, is a 
farmer and stock raiser in Ellsworth county, Kansas. 

Charles Peterson was educated in the district schools of IMcPherson 
county, Kansas, and attended one term of normal school at Salina. Kansas. 
After leaving school he engaged in farming in McPherson county until 
1901, when he took a position as clerk in the hardware store of T. J. Col- 
lier, at Marquette. Kansas, where he remained for two years. lie then 
turned his attention to the real estate and insurance ])usiness in that town 
until 1007, when he removed to Hutchinson, where he has continued in the 
same line of business to the present time, with oiThces at i6'/j Xorth Main 
street. His fraternal association is with the Modern Woodmen of America, 
and he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church of Hutchinson. He 
is not allied with any political party, using his own judgment as to the 
titness of candidates for whom he casts his vote. 

On September 16. i8c)4. Charles Peterson was united in marriage to 



34- RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

Margaret E. Young, who was born at Delhi. Delaware county. Xew York, 
daughter of Stewart 'M. and Elizabeth (Dodds) Young, the former of 
whom was born on Eebruar\- i6. 1836. in Scotland, and the latter on 
December 2^^, 1^37. i" Treland. Mr. and ~SIys. Young are still living in 
Topeka. Kansas. They are the parents of the following children: Sheldon 
T., bom on September 20, 1866. died on September iG, 1871 ; ^^'illiam D.. 
April 17, 1868. a miner, married Alice Turney, of Cripple Creek, Colorado; 
Margaret Elizabeth. January 26. 1870. wife of the subject of this sketch; 
Robert S.. Eebruar}- 11. 1872. married May G. Miner, of Salina, Kansas, 
December 25, 1898. died on Jul}- 7. 1909, leaving his wife and two daugh- 
ters, Faye and Vera Roberta; Harriet D.. February 20, 1874, married W. 
H. Carj:)enter. of Salina. Kansas. November 9. 1898. and yir. Carpenter is 
now proprietor of the \'allejo hotel. Denver, Colorado; Emma J., j\Iav 10. 
1876, a milliner for fifteen years, died in Denver. Colorado, September 11, 
191 1 ; Stewart M., Jr.. April 24, 187S, married Blanche Garrell, of Dodge 
City, Kansas, is general manager of the Equitable Life Insurance Companv 
at ^^'ichita. Kansas; James ^I.. October 6. 1881, salesman for Armour & 
Company, at Denver. Colorado; George A., August i, 1885, died on Sep- 
tember 9, 1890. 



TOHX D. KAUTZER. 



John D. Kautzer, son of Thomas and Josephine Kautzer, was born in 
Milwaukee. Wisconsin, December 17, 1870. His paternal grandfather. 
Henry Kautzer. and wife, Helen, were both natives of Germany, who emi- 
grated to America in an early day, bringing with them their sons, Joseph, 
John and Matthew. Thomas and Anton, two other sons, arrived later. 
The family settled in Manitowoc county, Wisconsin, where the father home- 
steaded timber land and built a rude log cabin, and there the family lived in 
true pioneer style. Henry Kautzer died there in 1886. at the age of sixty- 
seven years. His two sons, Matthew and Thomas, died at about the same 
time. 

Thomas Kautzer came to America in 1865. He was a soldier in his 
native country, and a saddleman by trade. While serving in the German 
army he lost the little finger of his left hand by a gun shot. After coming 
to America he located first in Milwaukee, but later lived in ^Manitowoc and 
in Eaton in the same countv. He was a Catholic in religious faith, and 



RENO CUUNTY, KANSAS. 343 

his children are as follow : Lrank, Edward. John, Henry, Phena, Anna, 
Joseph, Mar\' and Elizabeth. 

John I). Kautzer recei\ed his education in the schools of Manitowoc 
county and after attaining mature years lived in Oshkosh three years, where 
he was employed by a street car companw In igo2 he joined his wife's 
relatives in Reno county. Kansas. He rented a farm nine years from his 
father-in-law : (luring- these years he bought one hundred and sixty acres in 
Albion township, the old Copper farm, which he sold two years later. Four 
years ago he purchased his present farm, on which he does general farming 
and stock raising, making a specialty of Hereford cattle and Duroc-Jersey 
hogs. He has placed many improvements on his farm, and in 19 15 erected 
a large and commodious barn, forty by fifty-two feet in dimensions, also 
bought a Reo car and built a garage. In 19 16 he built a fine modern home 
w^ith all conveniences. 

On January 27, 1896, John D. Kautzer was married to Rose Pargeter, 
who was born on August 15, 1869, at Stoughton, Wisconsin. Mrs. Kaut- 
zer 's father. Thomas Pargeter, was born on February 4. 1827, at Hook 
Norton, Oxfordshire, England. He married Ellen Durnford, who was born 
at Birmingham, England, January 31, 183 1, and died on January 12, 1907. 
Thomas Pargeter was a son of John Pargeter, a native of England. His 
wife was Hannah Lyzard. John Pargeter was a day laborer in England, 
his parents having died when he was quite young. ■ The family were 
adherents of the Church of England. Thomas Pargeter came to America in 
1869 and located at Stoughton, Wisconsin, where he had friends. In 1884 
he moved from Wisconsin to Reno county. Kansas, where he purchased a 
half section of railway land, paying four dollars an acre for same. While 
actively farming he had two sections of land under his control, rent free. 
His children are as follow : William George, Ethel, Fred and Harry, all 
born in Endand; Rose Ellen, Louise, Lillie Mav and lohn. born in this 
country. Lillie I\Iay is deceased; Jane died in England, and Thomas died 
in Wisconsin., at Stoughton. 

I. D. Kautzer and wife are the parents of five children: Lillian, born 
on May 12, 1898; L:)wight T., March 16. 1903; Lester, October 20, 1904; 
Kenneth D., September 13, 1908; Harry P., April 28. 1913. all of whom are 
living at home with their parents. jNIildred L., born on October 14, 1901, 
died on March 19, 1910. The family are members of the ^Methodist Epis- 
copal church at Pretty Prairie, where Mr. Kautzer's daughter. Lillian, is 
pianist in the Sunday school. 

Mr. Kautzer is a Republican in politics, and takes an active interest in 



344 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

all matters pertaining to the welfare and betterment of his home commun- 
ity. He is now serving- as treasurer of Roscoe township. He is a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, while his wife belongs to the 
Daughters of Rebekah. 



WALTER C. PEIRCE. 

Walter C. Peirce, fa'rmer and stockman, of Lincoln township, this, 
county, who has been a resident here since he was sixteen vears old, is a 
native of Ohio, having been born in the city of Chillicothe, that state, on 
March I, 1865. son of I-'.. B. and Ellen (W^allace) Peirce, both natives of 
Pennsylvania, the former born in Chester county, that state, and the latter, 
at Carlisle. Pennsvlvania. E. B. Peirce was a Ouaker in his relie^ious l^elief. 

This Peirce family in America was founded by Caleb Peirce, an Eng- 
lish Ouaker, who joined \\'illiam Penn's colon}^ in 1686, settling in Chester 
county, province of Pennsylvania, and there established his family. E. B. 
Peirce, a direct descendant of Caleb Peirce, was a son of Isaac Peirce, a 
gentleman of scholarly attainments, the author of the first encyclopedia ever 
printed in the United States, which he published in Philadelphia in 1816, 
under the name of *"'A Dictionary of Arts and Sciences." The publication, 
however, did not prove a financial success and the scholar turned his atten- 
tion to something more material, during the twenties operating a saw-mill 
in Xew York City. He was an ardent Abolitionist, and his home in New 
York City was a common meeting place for the leaders in that cause, John 
Greenleaf Whittier, the poet, being among those who were wont to gather 
at the Peirce home. In j8;^2 Isaac Peirce moved to Ohio, where he bought 
a farm in Stark countv, and \vas engaged in farming there the rest of his 
life. During the tr\ing times preceding the Civil War his home was one 
of the most prominent "stations" of the "underground railroad" for the 
transportation of fugitive slaves to the Canadian border, and he was one 
of the inost active "conductors" in that service. 

E. P.. Peirce was eight years old when his parents moved from New 
York City to Ohio and he grew up on the home farm in Stark county. As 
a boy he had the i)rivilege of riding on the first railroad train ever operated 
in the United States. During his youth he attended the original Spencerian 
College, conducted by Spencer, the originator of the system of writing bear- 
ing his name, and for nine years was a teacher in the common schools of 




WALTER C. PEIRCE AND FAMILY. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 345 

Ohio and Illinois. Tn iS()5 he conducted a l^ook store at Chillicothe, Ohio. 
He married l-dlen Wallace, dauohter of John Wallace, lit Martin's Ferry, 
Ohio. John Wallace was horn in Philadelphia, member of an old family 
of that city. His mother, whose maiden name was Margaret Painter, was 
living in Philadelphia when the P>ritish took that city during the Revolu- 
tionary War, and the in\'ading soldiers raided her home while she was 
l)aking ])rcad, stealing the hot loaves from the oven, an act which aroused 
her indignation. John W'allace's father, William Wallace, was a ship car- 
penter and helped to build Commodore Perry's fleet. He was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary War, enlisted on September 14, 1776 (Pennsylvania 
archives, volume i-j. page 69) ; commissioned ensign on September 6, 1777 
(Pennsylvania archives, volume 14, page 91); commissioned lieutenant in 
Captain Gibbs' company (Pennsylvania archives, volume 14, page 104). 
William \A'al lace's father. Robert W^allace, was a patriot soldier during the 
Revolutionarv War and was with General Washington's army at Valley 
Forge and at the battle of Trenton. Samuel Culbertson, another ancestor 
on the mother's side, was the colonel of a Pennsylvania regiment during the 
War of the Revolution, and was with Washington at the battle of Brandy- 
wine. He was commissioned colonel July 31, 1777 (Pennsylvania archives, 
volume 14, page 391.) 

John W^allace ran away from home when a boy and w^ent to sea. join- 
ing the crew of a vessel bound for the W^est Indies, but it was not long 
before he found that the life of a sea-faring lad was not just what he had 
pictured it would be. The vessel had not proceeded far when the brutal 
captain whaled voung John with a rope's end, which et^ectually dampened 
the youth's ardor as a sailor and the lad slipped over the side of the vessel 
and swam several miles to the Virginia shore, where he presently landed, 
nearly dead, but thoroughly cured of his desire for a sailor's life. For 
some time thereafter John Wallace made his home in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 
where he married Agnes Culbertson in 1825, later going to Martin's Ferrw 
Ohio, and again later to Harrisburg, Avhere he spent the remainder of his 
life. He and his wife were Methodists, and active participants in the work 
of the "underground railroad" thereabout during the days before the Civil 
War. They were the parents of three children, namely : W'illiam, who was 
a college classmate of James G. Blaine, was colonel of an Ohio regiment 
during the Civil War and was brevetted brigadier-general; Ellen, who be- 
came the wife of Mr. Peirce, and Mrs. Rebecca Geiger, who settled at 
Topeka. this state, at an early date in the settlement of the capital city. 

Some time after the close of the Civil War, E. B. Peirce moved with 



34^ • RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

his family from Cliillicothe, Ohio, to Fayette comity, Illinois, where he 
remained until 1881. in which year he came to Kansas, locating at Hutchin- 
son, this county. He traded for a piece of property in that city and engaged 
in the real-estate business here, being thus engaged until March i, 1886, at 
which time he lurchased the northwest quarter of section 30, in Lincoln 
township, this county, and there established a new home, the farm at that 
time having been known as the old Captain Lacy place. Mr. Peirce lived 
only two years after entering into possession of the farm, his death occur- 
ring in 1888. at the age of sixty-four years. His widow survived him ten 
years, her death occurring in 1898. she then being sixty-six years of age. 
There were ten children born to E. B. Peirce and wife, of whom but five 
are now living, those besides the subject being as follow: Eugene, a den- 
tist at Denver, Colorado; Rebecca, who is a nurse; Ruth, a teacher, and 
Jennie, the wife of Charles L Glass, of Kansas City, Missouri. 

Walter C. Peirce was but a child when his parents moved from Ohio 
to Illinois and was sixteen years of age when he came to this county with 
them. Upon locating in Hutchinson he entered the old Sherman street 
school, and upon completing the course there, taught school one term. In 
1886, he then being twenty-one years old, he moved with his parents to the 
Lincoln township farm and has lived there since, ^^'hen his father died, 
two years after taking up his residence on the farm, Walter, then the eldest 
child of the family who was at home, assumed general charge of the fami 
in his mother's behalf and uj^on her death, ten years later, bought the inter- 
ests of the other heirs and has since been the sole owner. He purchased a 
quarter section of land adjoining the home farm and now has a well-culti- 
vated and well-improved place of three hundred and twentv acres. In 
1905 he built a line, modern country house on his place, the first house in 
that part of the county to be equipped \vith a hot-water heating system. 

On September 14. 1898, Walter C. Peirce was married to Mary Bart- 
hol<l. who was born in Xapoleon, Ohio, a daughter of John Barthold and 
wife, who. in 1886, came from Oln'o in this county, settling on a farm in 
Center townshi|i, where l)Oth are still li\ing, and U> this union four children 
have been bnrn : Harry, liorn in 1899, who is now a student in the Kansas 
State Agricultural College at Manhattan, Kansas; Charles, a twin brother 
of Harry, died in infancy; h^rederick, born in 1901, died at the age of seven 
years, and \\'alter, born in 1908. .Mr. I'eirce has been prominent in Pro- 
gressive politics in his community, and to educational matters he has given 
his particular attention and for ele^■en years has been a director of the 
local school district. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 347 

JACOD iX)\\KK UI'DKGROVE. 

Jacol) Bower Uixlei^rove. a wcll-knuwn and \vcll-to-(l(j farmer of Wal- 
nut township, this county, proprietor of a hne farm of four hundred acres 
surroun(hng his home, hesides which he owns a rancli of seven hundred and 
twenty acres west of Dodge City, is a native of Pennsylvania, born (jn a 
farm in Berks county, that state, son of William S. and Elizabeth ( Bower j 
Updegrove, both natives of that same state, of Pennsylvania-Dutch parent- 
age, who spent all their lives in eastern Pennsylvania. 

William S. Updegrove was the son of Jacob Updegrove and wife, the 
latter of whom was a Schaeffer, earnest members of the German Lutheran 
church, who spent all their lives in Berks county, the former of whom died 
in i87_i, at the age of seventy-eight years. His wddow lived to be eighty- 
nine years old. ^Villiam S. U]:)degrove was taught in the local German 
sectarian schools and did not learn to read English until he was past fifty 
years of age, having had to rely upon German newspapers for his informa- 
tion regarding current events previous to that time. He was trained as a 
shoemaker and worked at that trade most all his life. His wife was a 
daughter of Jacob Bowser, a small farmer in Berks county, Pennsylvania, 
wdio spent all his life in that county and who reared his family in the faith 
of the German Lutheran church. When well past middle age A\'illiam S. 
Updegrove moved into the neighboring county of Montgomerv, in Penn- 
sylvania, where he bought a farm of one hundred and thirty-one acres and 
there he spent the rest of his life, his death occurring in 1899, at the age of 
seventy-six years. His widow survived until May 20, 1912, and she w'as 
ninety years of age at the time of her death. They were the parents of 
nine children, Mary Ellen, Francis B., Harris B., William, Jacob E., Susan, 
T. F., Sarah A. and U. G., all of whom are still living. 

Jacob B. Updegrove early determined that there were better oppor- 
tunities for a young man in the then new West than in his home countrv 
and when twenty-three years old. in the spring of 1878, he came to Kansas 
and began working as a farm hand in Iveno county. He improved his oppor- 
tunities, awaited the proper time and on June 4, 1884, he then l^eing tw'enty- 
nine years of age, bought the farm on wdiich he is now living, in section 21, 
Walnut township, and set aljout developing and improving the same. Four 
years later he married and established his home on that place and there has 
li\ed ever since, continually improving and bettering his material condition 
until now he is the owner of a tine farm of four hundred acres surrounding 



34S RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

him home, hesides which he is the owner of seven hundred and twenty acres 
west o\ Dodo-e Cil\. In kjcio Mr. Updegrove built a fine new house on his 
place and the other improvements of the farm are in keeping- with the same. 
In addition to his general farming he has gone in somewhat extensively for 
stock-raising and has done ver\- well. I'nig having been regarded as one of 
the most substantial farmers in his neighborhood. Mr. Updegrove has taken 
an active part in local civic affairs; for five years w^as treasurer of the town- 
ship and is now a member of the township school board. 

It was on March i, 1888, that Jacob B. Updegrove was united in mar- 
riage to Barbara Schindler. who was born in Adams county, Indiana, Aug- 
ust 19. 1855, daughter of Daniel and Catherine (Schlatter) Schindler, 
natives of Germany, who came to this country in 1852, landing in New 
York C"it\'. whence they proceeded to Indiana, joining a Ijrother and sister 
who h;id preceded them as members of the Mennonite colony in Adams 
count}-, diat state, both the Schlatters and the Schindlers having been mem- 
bers of that body of earnest religionists, and there both Daniel Schindler 
and his wife spent the rest of their lives, the latter dying in 1885, at the age 
of sixty-four years, and the fomier in 1896. To ]\Ir. and Mrs. Updegrove 
three children have been born. Eugene A., born on December 14, 1888; 
Katie Klizabeth. August 30. 1890. who married J. L. Bennett, and Edna 
May, July 6, 1894. who married Karl Seybert. 



GEORGE W. HOSKIXSOX. 

George W. lioskinson, a well-known and well-to-do farmer and cattle- 
man of X'alley township, this county, an honored veteran of the Civil War, 
and for years active in Keno county aft'airs, is a native of Ohio, having 
been I'.orn on a farm in Washington count}', that state, .\ugust 26. 1847, 
son of George I"-, arid Lucy ( Boswortli ) lioskinson. the former of w-hom 
was born in Pittsburgh. Pennsyh ania, and the latter in the state of Ohio. 

As a young man. George W. Hoskinson settled in Washington county, 
■Ohio, where he married .and for awhile made his home on a rented farm. 
In 1834 he moved with his familv to Clark county. Missouri, where his 
wife died in 1856. lea\ing six childrui, namely: Sarah, who married 
Alexander Perdue ar.d lives in San Bernardine county, California: Eunice, 
who married Edward Rockefeller and died at Keokuk, Iowa, in 1885; 
Ophelia, who married George Mackey and lives in \''an Buren county, Iowa; 
George \\'.. the subject of this biographical sketch, and Joseph, a well-knowm 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 349 

resident of Ilar\ev county, this state, in w liicli county he settled in 1877, 
and in whose home his father (h'cd in 1899, at the age of seventy-two years. 

George W. Hoskinson spent his youth on the farm and was a hard 
worker trum the days of his hoyhood. When the Civil War broke out he 
was li\ing with his father on a farm in Lee county, Iowa, and though but 
sixteen years of age at the time, he enlisted, on February 12, 1863, in Com- 
l)any I.. First Iowa Cavalry, with which he served until the end of the 
war, seeing- service in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas and Tennessee. At the 
conclusion of his military ser\ice he returned to Lee county, Iowa, where 
he married in the spring of 1866 and rented a farm, on which he lived until 
1876, in which year he and his family came to this state, settling in Harvey 
county. Mr. Hoskinson filed on an eighty-acre homestead in Lake town- 
ship, that county, l)ut the next year he relinquished his claim to his brother, 
Joseph, and went to California, where he went into the business of driving 
artesian wells, remaining there nearly two years, during which time he put 
down fort}'-three such wells, making consideraJ)le money by his operations. 
Li 1878 Air. Hoskinson returned to Kansas antl homesteaded a quarter 
section in Sumner county, where he lived for three years, at the end of 
which time he sold that place and came to Reno county and bought eighty 
acres in Valley township, establishing his home there. Li 1881 he bought 
an "eighty" adjoining on the east and extended his operations in the cattle 
line, gradually adding to his farm until he became the owner of eight hun- 
dred acres of land and was regarded as one of the most extensive cattlemen 
in the county. In 1888 things began to "go bad" and Mr. Hoskinson lost 
thirteen thousand dollars in his cattle business. His creditors were lenient, 
however, and ^\hen his affairs were presently adjusted he had saved three 
hundred ;md twenty acres in section ti, where he now lives. In 1892 Mr. 
Hoskinson erected the present comfortable farm house. On March i, 19 16, 
he moved to Burrton, where he is living retired. 

In the spring of 1866 George W. Hoskinson was united in marriage to 
Eleanor Hardy, who was born in Lee county, Iowa, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth. Hardy, and to this union eight children were born, namely: 
George, a well-known farmer of Cla}' township, this county: Ella, who mar- 
ried Charles McFlwain and lives on a farm adjoining that of her father: 
Charles, a Vallev township farmer ; Frank, salesman for the Maxwell Auto 
Companv at Hutcliinson, this count}-; Edward, unmarried, who continues 
to live at home and is managing his father's farm ; Zula, who married 
William Collins: and May and Mabel, the former of whom married Henry 
Adams and lives at Burrton, and the latter of whom married Dennis Mevers 



350 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and lives in \"alley township. The mother of these children died on Janu- 
ar)- 22, 1910. and Mr. Iloskinson married, secondly, December 7, 1912, 
Mrs. Minnie ( McDonald ) Wineman. who was born in Tennessee and who 
was living in Hutchinson at the time of her marriage to Mr. Hoskinson. 



SA.AiUEL ?^[cCOWAN. 



Samuel AlcLDwan, one of the prominent and successful men of Reno 
county, born in Ireland on July 12, 1837, the son of Robert and Elizabeth 
( Palmer) McCowan. Robert A.IcCowan was of Scotch descent, and Mrs. 
AlcCowan was English. Robert r\IcCowan died when the son, Samuel, was 
but sixteen years of age. the mother having died some years before. The 
McCowans were farmers in their native country. They were members of 
the Presbyterian church and took much interest in all church work. 

To Robert and Elizabeth ]McCov.-an were born the following children: 
Robert, deceased ; Samuel. William and Elizabeth, all of whom came to 
.America. Elizabeth resides in Caledonia. New York ; Robert, William and 
Samuel came to Kansas. 

Samuel McCowan came to America in 1854 and located in the state 
of Xew York, where he engaged in farming for one year, after which he 
was for five years in Canada, on a farm. He later removed to Warren 
county, Illinois, where he conducted a farm for twenty years before he 
came to Reno county. 

On January i, 1868, Samuel McCowan was united in marriage to 
Xancy A. McClellan, and to this union the following children were born: 
Lizzie A., deceased, married Will Bramwell and had three children, Ethel, 
Cora and Lizzie; Virey married a Mr. \'an Osdol and had one child. Alar- 
vin. and married, secondly, Roy Terrence ; Jesse married Maud Shockley 
and has five children, Maria. Alma. Ruby, Arthur and Morgan S. ; Wiley 
married Xellie Barton, who is now deceased, and they had four children, 
Ralph, Alvida, h'ay and Xannie. All the children live in Reno county 
and vicinity. After the death of his tir^t wife, Mr. McCowan was married, 
secondly, in 1885. t*i Sarah Llaney, the daughter of Thomas Haney, a native 
of Ireland. 

Samuel McCowan has been engaged in farming the greater part of his 
life and now owns several lots and four and one-half acres of land in Pretty 
Prairie and one hundred and sixty acres of land in Roscoe township. He 



KKXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 35 I 

was for five years and two months a member of the Seventeenth Regiment, 
Illinois X'ohmteer Infantry, and ser\'cd (hiring the Civil War. He was in 
many battles. 



EDWARD T. AIARTIN. 



Edward T. Martin, a well-known and progressive farmer and large 
landowner of Miami township, this connty, is a native of Missouri, having 
been born in the town of IMexico, that state, May 8, 1875, son of Hugh and 
Ann (Bohen) Martin, both natives of County Galway, Ireland, who settled 
in Reno county during the first half of the eighth decade of the last century 
and became prominent and intluential residents of Miami township. 

Hugh Martin, who was born in 1843, left his native home in Ireland 
and came to the United States in July, 1861. For a time he worked in the 
factories at Manchester, New Hampshire, and then went to Cincinnati, 
where he enlisted for service in behalf of the Union cause during the Civil 
War and served for ten months and four days on river gunboats, being- 
mustered out at Cairo, Illinois. Upon the conchision of his military exper- 
ience Mr. Martin made his home for a time in Illinois and then moved over 
into Missouri, where he lived until he came with his family to Reno county, 
in May, 1884. Upon settling here he pre-empted the northeast quarter of 
section 34, in Grove (now Miami) township, and established his home 
there. As he prospered in his farming operations he added to his land 
holdings by the purchase of an additional tract of three hundred and twentv 
acres and soon became regarded as one of the most substantial farmers of 
that neighborhood. Mr. ^Martin is a Democrat and ever since coming to 
this county has given a good citizen's attention to local politics. Eor more 
than a quarter of a century he has been treasurer of school district No. 
142 and in other ways has given of his service to the pul)lic. He is an 
earnest meml)er of the Catholic church and has taken an active part in par- 
ish affairs. His wife died on Decmeber 2, 1899. They were the parents 
of six children, those besides the subject of this sketch being John, a prom- 
inent lawyer, of Pueblo. Colorado, who has served his district for two 
terms as a representative in the lower house of Congress; James, a locomo- 
tive engineer, of Moberly, Missouri; Hugh, a well-to-do farmer of Woods 
county, Oklahoma; Thomas, a locomotive engineer, of Pueblo, and Annie, 
who married Corb Carlisle, of Miami township, this county. 

Edward T. Martin was about nine years old when he came to Reno 



35- RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

county Avith his parents and his schooHng was completed in the schools of 
Miami township. He was reared on the farm and has been engaged in 
farming all his life and has done well, being now the owner of four hundred 
acres in sections 22 and 33, in "Miami township, where he makes his home, 
and where he and his family are very comfortably and pleasantly situated. 
Mr. Alartin is a Democrat and has served the public as a member of his 
local school board. 

On February 19, 1899, Edward T. [Martin was united in marriage to 
Hattie Gra\-, who was born in Cocke county, Tennessee, January 29, 1880, 
daughter of Lewis H. and Louvina (Click) Gray, who came to Kansas in 
1884 and settled in ]\liami township, this county, where the rest of their 
lives was s^jent. Upon coming to Reno county, i\Ir. Gray pre-empted a 
fanii of one hundred and sixty acres and established a very comfortable 
home. He was a veteran of the Civil War, having served in the Union 
amiy as a member of Companv D, Tenth Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry, 
and for a time suffered imprisonment in Libby prison, the Confederate 
stronghold at Richmond. Mr. Gray died on August 8, 1899, and his widow 
survived for more than fifteen years, her death occurring on July 14, 191 5. 

To Edward T. and Hattie (Gray) Martin two children have been 
lx)rn, James L., born on May 22, 1900. and Ethel, April 25, 1902. Wx. 
Martin is a thirty-second degree Mason, a member of the consistory at 
Wichita, and is also a member of the ^Modern ^^'oodmen of America, in the 
affairs of both of which organizations he takes a warm interest. 



CHARLES W. PECKHAM. 

Charles W. i'eckman, president of the Farmers Grain Company of 
Haven, this county, one of the founders of that now thriving little city; for- 
mer vice-president of the Citizens Bank of Haven, lirst secretary of the 
Haven Commercial Club, one of the organizers of the Haven jNIill Company, 
first trustee of Haven township, proprietor of "Gem Stock h'arm" and one 
of the real pioneers of Reno county, he having built the first sod shanty on 
the plain in what is now Haven township, his humble abode at that time 
having been the extreme western frontier of Reno county south of the 
Arkansas river, is a native of Ohio, having Ijeen lx)rn in the city of Maumee, 
Lucas county, that state, March 26. 1849, son of John D. and Alzina (Brush) 
Peckham, both natives of the state of New'York. 



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RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 353 

John O. Peckliam was l)<)rn in Madison county, New York, in 1808, 
and was reared in that county, becoming a merchant tailor, and at Aladison 
on May i6, 1833, married Alzina Brush, who was born in Spencertown. 
New York, September 12, 1809. The following year he and his wife moved 
to Maumee, Ohio, where he opened a merchant-tailoring establishment and 
established his home. He and his wife were the parents of five children, 
namely : Frances, wdio married George Secor and is now living at Toledo, 
Ohio, past the age of eighty-two years ; Lucinda, who died at the age of five 
years; George, who died in infancy; Cora, who married Charles Doesher 
and lives at Petaluma, California, and Charles W., the subject of this bio- 
graphical sketch. The mother of these children died at Springfield, Ohio, in 
1854, a victim of the cholera scourge w^hich swept over that part of the coun- 
try in that year, and some time later John D. Peckham moved to Jackson, 
Michigan, where he engaged in the merchant-tailoring business and there he 
resided until his retirement from business in 1872, after w^hich he made his 
home with his son, Charles W., in this county, his death occurring in 1884. 
He w^as a member of the Methodist church, to which his wife also had been 
attached, and for years was a singer in the choir. Originally a Whig, he 
became a Republican during the Ci\-il War period, but later became affiliated 
with the Democratic party. 

Charles W. Peckham was five years old when his mother died and he 
was cared for in childhood by Mrs. Elizabeth Spencer, a widow who 
lived near Adrian. Michigan. Later he rejoined his father at Jackson. 
Michigan, and was educated in the schools- of that city, completing the 
course in the high school. In 1867 Mrs. Spencer married and moved 
to Lockport, New York. Later, Mr. Peckham was called to Lockport 
to teach a refractorv countrv school. He "made good" and afterward 
attended Lockport high school. In 1869, following a resolution he had 
made in his boyhood, he came W^est and settled in Colorado county. 
Texas, where he conducted a subscription school for one year, after which 
he went onto a ranch and became an expert cowboy and very competent 
cattleman. In 1871 he came through to Kansas with a herd of cattle des- 
tined for Abilene, and was so much pleased with the appearance of things 
in the Arkansas valley that he determined to locate here. In August of that 
year he homesteaded the southwest quarter of section 2, township 25. range 
4 west, in what is now Haven township, this county, two miles east of the 
present flourishing little city of Haven, and there built a sod shanty and 
entered upon the task of developing his claim. This shanty was twelve by 
(23a) 



354 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

fourteen feet, inside measurement, witli two windows and one door; was 
covered with boards hauled from X'ewtun and was plastered on the inside 
with the clav from the well which he dus" nearbv. That w^as the first dwell- 
ing erected in what is now^ Haven township and marked the farthest western 
habitation in Reno county south of the ri\'er. Soon after the sod shanty 
w^as completed a party of Texas cattlemen came along with three thousand 
head of cattle and that fall and wdnter Mr. Peckham herded cattle for them. 
In 1872 he and Doctor Durand went over on the Ninnescah, where he lassoed 
twelve buft'alo and captured them alive, two of the creatures being sent East 
to a circus in which a brother of Doctor Durand was associated. When a 
school was organized in district 39, Haven towaiship, not long after he settled 
there, Mr. Peckham became the first school teacher and for four years was 
thus engaged. In 1873, when the Grange became organized in that section of 
the county, Mr. Peckham was elected first master of the same and in that 
capacity did much for the advancem.ent of the interests of the early agricultur- 
ists and cattlemen thereabout. 

Charles W. Peckham is the pioneer among the cattlemen of Reno county, 
having ben the first man to feed cattle in any considerable c[uantity. Hutch- 
inson, the nearest grain market, was twenty miles aw'ay and Mr. Peckham 
early came to the conclusion that it would be far more profitable to feed the 
corn he raised on the ranch instead of hauling it to market. He now is the 
owner of three liundred and twenty acres of choice land, comprising "Gem 
Stock Farm." long regarded as a model place. The latest farm house on the 
j)]ace was erected in 1900, a large, modern frame house with a cupola and 
generous verandas. One of the features of the ranch is a reinforced con- 
crete silo, sixteen feet in diameter and fifty feet high, with a capacit}- oi two 
hundred and twenty-five tons. Air. Peckham made his home at "Gem Stock 
Farm" until 1909, in which year he moved to Haven, \\ here he built a steel- 
framed, hollow- walled cement house, modern in every respect, generally 
regarded as the finest house in Haven, and tliere he since has made his home. 
Air. Peckham has patented the process l)y which his house was constructed 
and the system of construction ]ininiisc> to liecome general and popular. 
The hou.se has metal studding and lath. Tt is, of course, tire proof ami the 
hollow walls are designed to render the house warm in winter and cool in 
summer. 

Charles W. Peckham is a Democrat and ever since locating in this county 
has taken an earnest interest in local politics. He was the first trustee of Haven 
town.'^hip and in that official capacity was enabled to render valuable public 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 355 

service. In 1886 he was one of a committee of two apijointcd to go East to 
bring- l)efore capitalists the expechency of running the projected Wichita, 
Colorado & Western railroad, now a part of the Missouri Pacilic system, 
through the town of Haven, he also having been a member of the original 
Ha\en Town Company, organized for the purpose of creating a town on the 
site selected, and the efforts of himself and his fellow committeemen prcn-ed 
effectual, the railroad presently connecting Haven with the outside world. 
Mr. Peckham was one of the prime promoters of the Citizens LJank cjf Haven, 
the fu'st bank established in that town, and was elected vice-president of the 
same at the time of its organization. L. O. Smith, F. W. Ash and Mr. reek- 
ham organized the Haven Milling Company in 1887 and erected the tl(jur- 
mill at the new town, Mr. Peckham for three years being the actiN-e managc^r 
of the same. He was one of the organizers of the popular Farmers Grain 
Company of Haven, a concern which has done much to establish better prices 
for farm products in that neighborhood, and is now the president of the same. 
When the Haven Commercial Club was organized in 191 1 Mr. Peckham was 
elected secretary of the same and for three years served in that capacity, 
doing much in the way of giving the club a proper start. In other ways he 
has demonstrated his fine public spirit and occupies a very high place in finan- 
cial and commercial circles throughout this part of the state. 

On February 19, 1874, Charles W. Peckham was united in marriage to 
Sarah C. Hess, who was born in Hartford City, Indiana, daughter of Abram 
and Elizabeth (Gadberry) Hess, both of whom died in Indiana, and to this 
union ten children have been born, as follow: John, who lives in \\'ichita, 
this state; Minnie, who married Everett Bishop, a farmer of Wauketa, Okla- 
homa; Bertha, who married Ralph Williams and is now mistress of the big 
house at "Gem Stock Farm ;" Arthur Leroy, wdio lives at Wichita ; Cora, 
who married Guy Van Buren and lives on a farm two miles north of Haven; 
Edward, a farmer, of Caldwell, this state; Ira, who lives near Burton, thi ; 
state; Laura, who married Guy Astle. a well-knov.-n merchant of Haven: 
Flora, who died on November 15, 1885, and Ella, who died on February 14, 
1900. Mr. and Mrs. Peckham are members of the Universalist church and 
Mr. Peckham is a member of the lodge of Ancient Order of United Work- 
men at Haven, in the affairs of which he takes a w-arm interest. 

In 1905, the national organizer of the American Society of Equity came 
to Kansas to instruct western farmers in an improved system for the market- 
ing of farm products. He soon came in contact with ]\Ir. Peckham, who 
became impressed with the importance and feasibility of the plan. Together, 
they laid the plan of this great organization before the farmers and Kansas 



356 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

soon took a front rank in the new organization. After the required number 
of local unions was formed, a state union was oroanized, and C. \\\ Peckham 
was elected state secretary. ."Senator L. P. King, of W'infield. was elected 
state president. .Mr. Peckh;im gave nuich of his lime for two years to the 
growth of the organization and attended its national conventions, and was 
tendered the presidency of the national organization, but declined to serve. 
]\Iuch good was accomplished, Ijut the required cohesiveness among farmers 
was lacking, and the effort languishes. In June, 1907, the organization held 
a three days' session called the National Grain Growers Convention, at 
Omaha, X^ebraska. .Mr. J. .\. lueritt, president and founder of the move- 
ment, was elected president of the convention. Upon taking the chair and 
making the opening address, he cra^'ed the pri\-ilege of nominating as secre- 
tarv of the con\-ention. one whom he assured them had, out of the twenty- 
three states represented, made the l^est record for his state. ^Ir. Peckham 
was elected secretary of the convention. 

Charles \A'. Peckham has one accomplishment regarding which he is 
accustomed to speak somewhat self-deprecatingly, but regarding which is 
friends are in no doubt whatever, and that is his ability as a poet. \Mien 
the members of the Reno County Old Settlers Association asked !Mr. Peckham 
to prepare a poem relating to pioneer days, the same to be read at the next 
annual meeting of the association. ]\Ir. Peckham rose to the occasion an.d 
the following production of his pen was warmly applauded : 

THE riONEEK 

oil. how well do I remeiiiher 

When our iireseiit work begiui. 
And we settled here in Kans:is — 

Pioneers of seventy-one. 

Willi niir lialiil.'il imi liiiislicil. 

We lirirau In till till' sml : 
Wlial I he fntiiri' liclil lii'fnre us, 

No one knew exceiit our God. 

Iltiw our house loomed up in niirape, 

.\i the risinj,' nf the sun 1 
Hiiw ii spurred our every cirnrt — 

riniiccrs of seventy-one! 

\]i>\\ we hroke the bucking broncho; 

How we tinned the Texas steers, 
fViuld not ]iMss beyond our memory 

If we lived a thousand vears. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 35/ 

Our iiicnger stock of fixid stuff, 

Like Ike widow's ciusc of nil. 
Would Jusl sustaiu oui' bodies. 

In our <-ousl;iul round of loll. 

Oil. till' t;iX('s were ]irodi,;:ious I 

It would i^'iw your nerves ;i shock — 
We liiid no reilty at that time; 

It was levi(>d on imr stoclv. 

The siieriff once made a visit, 

And I (h)uht his good intents; 
His milerge was sixteen dolhirs 

For a tax of tifty cents. 

I hadn't any money. 

And was .also shy of brass; 
So, to s:ive my scanty bacon, 

I hunted taller grass. 

One lesson was enongh for me — 

I'd end the unequal strife — 
I'd profit by the exemption, 

And go hunting for a wife, 

The plan worked to perfection. 

I had often heard it said. 
That. "If man would bring the water. 

The wife would make the bread. " 

At first we had to hustle 

To get our bread and meat; 
But now it's no use to rustle — 

We live on "'Easy street." 

Then, there were those horrid "hoiipers; 

They would come and eat our crops — 
They would get as thick as coppers 

In a contribution box. 

They'd upset our calculations. 

They would eat up all we had; 
And we'd come out in the springtime 

Just as poor as any shad. 

But is was not all starvation, 

For, sometimes, we'd have a feast; 
This was when we'd get a great big box 

From our friends, who lived down East. 

But at last things went to turning. 

And our lilues were changed to mirth ; 
And now the things we can produce. 

Are not eipialled on this earth. 



358 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 



Se;ircli ihc Wdrld fur izruwiiiL' nature I 
Get earth's products where you can! 

Kansas leads, in every feature! 
I can prove it. to a man I 

I've read how knights and cavaliers 
Sought for the golden fleece ; 

Had they Iml come to Kansas, 

Tliey'd have settled down in peace. 

Those ancient, learned doctors. 

AVho were hunting fount of youth, 
Might have found it. here in Kansas, 

And that's the naked truth. 

No matter what you're hunting. 

Or of what you may be fond ; 
You can find it here in Kansas; 

There's no use to go beyond. 

There was Mr. C. Columbus — 
He claimed to have found us; 

But that would not go in Kansas — 
Not without a dreadful fuss. 

No, we never stoop, or folleiw : 

And we do not lose a race; 
We are sure a hot tamale, 

And we always set the pace. 

You have read of Spanish conquests — 
How Balboa found the sea ; 

But he never did a thing in life. 
Compared to you and me. 

Instead of courting glury, 
With a cruel, loaded gun — 

He might have had some standing 
Willi ])ioneers of seventy-one. 

We came out here to Kansas; 

We opened wide the door! 
We made two i)lades of grass to grow, 

Where one blade grew before! 

We've plowed U]i I lie desert, 

We'vi" (••tnquered its foes; 
Wliere the cactus once grew, 

.Viiw blossoms the rose. 

We've brought the hor.seless carriage. 

We've reared the telephone; 
AVe've schooled our sous and daughters, 

Till they can go alone. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. • 359 

We've (lri\cii back I lie luiffalo. 

We've fraiiu'il a iKildc jilan; 
Which uives a h(iy protection 

Till he becomes a ma 11. 

The bonds of our creation 

Always briuij; the highest rates; 
We're the .irraiuh'st constellation 

In this galaxy of states. 

We've had the sockless Jerrj-, 

And we've had our Mary Lease; 
Carrie Nation swings her hatchet 

And declares that rum shall cease. 

We have captured Aguinaldo, 

And we've scaled old Pekin's wall; 
When it comes to nerve and daring — 

Then's when Kansas leads them all. 

For climate and for scenery, 

Like you read of on the Rhine; 
Come out here to sunny Kansas^ 

This is where we always shine. 

With hearts full of gladness. 

No one need repent, 
That early toward Kansas 

His footsteps were bent. 

And now, my friends, we're coming 

To the parting of the ways: 
There'll be a time when you and I 

Will end these happy days. 

I'ui sure I've no misgivings — 

No. I haven't a single fear; 
I know no evil can betide 

The honest pioneer. 

Another pronounced "hit" made by Mr. Peckham in the poetic way was 
his famous onslaught on the "trusts," first pubhshed in the Kansas Fanner, 
entitled : 

THE OCTOPrS 

I've often read how Captain Kidd 

So gracefully his honors did. 

How merchant's gains and banker's wealth 

Were forced to help adorn his shelf. 

Ah, well for him he died in time. 

For now his fame would soon decline. 



360 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 



I've also read bow Robin Ilood, 

ITelil court in En.^liUuVs I'nnious -wood. 

I1l'"iI rob the rich to hell) the poor, 

No hungry niau e'er left his door. 

He finally caiue to disgrace, 

His checks nntnkcn at their face. 

Who has not read how privateers. 
Kept seamen filled with constant fears? 
Their flag was black, their hearts as well, 
They'd dare not do such deeds in hell. 
Will) ever thought, in (Uir fair land. 
8url) deeds as theirs would ever stand? 

But now. we're seeing face to face, 

A game that throws them from the race. 

The grain comliine, the packers' trust, 

Are forcing honest men to bust. 

Small merchant now must close his door. 

Because of the department store. 

The merchant now who deals in coal, 
Had better pack his grip and roll, 
Unless he's in the great combine, 
As merchant prince, he cannot shine. 
Alone he gains by little nips, 
Cduiliiiied it comes in larger chips. 

You turn whichever way you will, 

Trusts there are large, and larger still. 

They're forcing man to come their way. 

To drop upon his knees and pay, 

A Moloch, of remorseless greed. 

How break their ranks, how slack their speed? 

But of all combines, grafts, or fakes, 
The railroad combine takes the cakes. 
For all the lands that gave them start, 
Tlie}''ve nevei' puid unc liilllinii'ili pnrt. 
They sliift tiieir Imrdeus, shun tlu'ir taxes, 
Their gri|i, nii lucre ne'er relaxes. 

Since man l)egan to let you live. 
You've made the map look like a sieve. 
Yfin've run your lines in. out and down. 
With sidetracks brond in every town. 
'rr;iins dash intu niir midsl. iicll-nicll. 
With snorting whistle, claiiLrini: bell. 



^ 



RENO CUUiXTV, KANSAS. 36 1 

Tlii'ou.irli farmers' lands tlu-y Iniiltl tlu'ii; tracks, 

Tliey scare his cattle, burn liis stacks. 

lie liad one farm, lie's now ^'ot two, 

Tills credit all Iieloii,t,'S to you 

Of straight lines you were ever shy, 

His fields look like a iiie<:'e of pie. 

You've peeled his bacon to the bone! 
He has to walk or stay at home. 
When he goes to town to pay his tax. 
He cannot ride, so walks your tracks. 
Not having eyes both sides his head. 
He's often now picked up (juite dead. 

If he. perchance, must ship some stock. 
You straightway lay him on your block. 
You filch his sirloin, pound his steak. 
Now ou your gridiron he must bake. 
Xo thanks to him that he puts in. 
The largest part of all your "tin." 

Y'ou raise your rates, withdraw your passes, 

(Except to legislative asses) 

You lose much sleep to make your ends, 

Y"ou do not recognize your friends. 

Y'ou've kicked the tramp, and fired the bum, 

Uutil you think you're somewhat some. 

You play your game with loaded dice, 
You carry preachers at half the price. 
When gamblers fleece a nice fat duck. 
They hand him back a dime for luck. 
But you would throw him to the floor. 
And throttle him, and yell for more. 

If I was hunting for a jay. 

Who'd sell his soul for meager pay, 

I'd find in you a willing tool. 

With conscience that befits a ghoul 

You bring bad liiiuor to our state. 

Your ticket reads "To Brimstone Lake." 



CHARLES O. HITCHCOCK. 

Charles O. Hitchcock, a well-known and progressive merchant of Hutch 
inson, this cotmty, president of the Hutchinson Commercial Club and lon< 
recognized as one of the "live wires" in the commercial life of this com 



362 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

miinii}-, i> a native of Missouri, l)iit has been a resident of Kansas ever since 
1888. He was horn in St. Louis. April 6, 1871, son of Charles O. and Anna 
Virginia ( Xewcomer) Hitchcock, the former a nati\e of .Alabama and the 
latter of Maryland. 

The senior Charles O. Hitchcock was born in the city of Mobile in 
1842 and when a young man went to St. Louis, where he presently married 
Anna Mrginia Newcomer, who Vv-as born in Hagerstown, Maryland, in 
1848 and who located in St. Louis with her parents when a girl. Charles O. 
Hitchcock became a commission merchant in St. Louis and was engaged in 
that business at the time of his death, in 1880, he then being thirty-eight 
years of age. His widow continues to make her home in St. Louis. She is 
the mother of two sons, the subject of this biographical sketch ha\ing a 
brother, Z. A. Hitchcock, who is assistant cashier of the Bank of Commerce 
at St. Louis. 

The junior Charles O. Hitchcock was about eight years of age when his 
father died. He received his education in the public schools of his native 
city and was graduated from the St. Louis high school in 1888, after which 
he went to \A'ichita. this state, in the neighborhood of w^hich he began farm- 
ing. Starting in as a farmer on a rented farm, he presently bought a place 
of his own and was there engaged in farming for six years, at the end of 
which time he sold his place and entered the employ of an agricultural-im- 
plement firm at \\'ichita. That was in 1898 and he remained with that firm 
for ten years, during which time he became thoroughly familiar with the 
details of the implement business. Li 1908 he transferred his seiwices to the 
Hutchinson Implement Company, at Hutchinson, and became so deeplv im- 
pressed with the possibiHties of the business in this county that he opened up 
his business at his present site, 17-19 East Sherman street, which is a two- 
story building, fifty by one hundred and fifty feet, and carries all lines of 
farming implements, farm machinery, automobiles and fencing, his ])lace 
being the large.st of its kind in Hutchinson. Wr. Hitchcock takes an active 
part in the general commercial activities of liis liomc town and is now the 
president of the Hutchin.son Commercial C hil), tin's being the fourth term he 
has servcfl as head of that enterprising body, thougli nut consecutive terms. 

On Xovember 21, 1896, Charles O. LTitchcock was united in marriage 
to Elizabeth D. Krack, who was born in lllincjis, daughter of W. T^. and E. D. 
Krack. who came to Kan.'^as when tiicir daughter, Elizal)eth, was three 
vears old. and who nr)w live at Wichita. Mr. Krack beino- a well-to-do re- 
tired farmer. To Mr. and ]\lrs. Hitchcock two children have been 1x)rn, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 363 

Hazel, boni in 1897, and Marion, 1899. Air. Hitchcock is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, a meml)er of the consistor)^ Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, 
Valley of Wichita, and is also a member of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Modern Wood- 
men and of the Hutchinson Country Club, in the alfairs of all of which 
orranizations he takes a warm interest. 



GEORGE T. GRAY. 



George T. Gray, an enterprising and progressive young merchant of 
Turon, this county, proprietor of an up-to-date furniture store at that place, 
is a Missourian by birth, but his home has been in Reno county since he 
was seven years old and he is a thorough-going Kansan. He was born in 
Grundy county, Missouri, August 8, 1884, son of James and Emily J. 
(Allen) Gray, the former a native of that same county and the latter of 
Kentucky, she having been born in Jefferson county, near the city of Louis- 
ville. 

James Gray left his farm in Missouri in February, 1891, and with his 
family came to Kansas. He bought a farm of two hundred and twenty 
acres in Miami township, this county, and made his home there until in 
October, 191 5, when he returned to Missouri and he and his wafe are now- 
making their home in Trenton, that state. James Gray, is a veteran of the 
Civil War, having done valiant service in behalf of the Union cause during 
the struggle between the states. During his residence in this countv he 
ser\'ed for some time as trustee of Miami township and also served on the 
school board. He is an ardent Republican, an Odd Fellow and a member 
of the Baptist church. I'o him and his wife seven children have been 
born, those besides the subject of this sketch being as follow: Enos T., a 
farmer of Grundy coimty, Missouri ; Edward S., a barber, of Turon, this 
county; Myrtle, deceased; Eaura B., \vho married D. D. Downing, general 
storekeeper for the Chicago <& Alton railroad at Chicago; Henry W.. a 
farmer, of Grundy county, Missouri, and Lora, wdio married B. Allison, a 
retired liveryman, of Hutchinson. 

George T. Gray was about seven years old when he came to this coimty 
with his parents and he was educated in the grade schools at Turon and 
the high school at Hutchinson. In 1901, he then I)eing seventeen years of 



364 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

age, he enlisted, at Wichita, for service in the United States army and for 
three rears served as a iion-romniissioned ofticer in the First United States 
Cavah-\-. ckiring twenty-one months of which time he was stationed in the 
rhihp])ines. He was mustered out at Ft. Sam Houston, Texas, in 1904, 
after which he went to Kansas City, where for four years he was engaged 
in the service of the Adams Express Company. He then returned to this 
county and for five years was engaged as a clerk in the store of the Ander- 
son Furniture Company at Hutchinson, after which, in 1913. he opened a 
furniture store of his own at Turon and has ever since been very success- 
fullv engaged in l)usiness in that thri\ing little city. 

On January 5, 1909. at Burrton, this state, George T. Gray was united 
in marriage to Edith ^l. Gardinier, Avho was born in Harvey county, this 
state. March 16, 1885, daughter of Henry F. Gardinier and wife, the for- 
mer a native of Indiana and the latter of Pennsylvania. Henry F. Gardin- 
ier is a veteran of the Civil War and to him and his wife five children were 
l)orn, tho.se besides Airs. Gray being as follow : William, a barber, of 
Pratt. Kansas; Ella, wife of FF F. Osborn, a hotel keepei- of Burrton; 
Ethel, widow of H. F. Dykeman, a one-time telegraph operator at Hutchin- 
son, and Ray, a barber of Greensburg, Kansas. 

To George T. and Edith AF (Gardinier) Gray two children have been 
Ixjrn. George, born on November 16, 191 1, and Darius, J\Iarch 5, 1913. 
?^lr. Gray is a member of the Hutchinson encampment of the Spanish- 
American War Veterans" Association and takes a warm interest in the 
affairs of the same. 



GEORGE ^[ADISOX KOONTZ. 

The late George Madison Koontz. who was one of the best-known and 
most sub.stantial farmers of Sumner township, prominent in civic affairs 
thereabout, a leader in church work and a good citizen, was a native of 
Illinois, born in Jasper county, that .state, July 28, i860, son of Andrew 
Jack.con and Julia .\nn Koontz, natives of Penns^dvania, both of whom are 
still living on their old home farm in Illinois, the former at the age of 
eightv-seven and the latter at the age of eightv-six. Nine children were 
born to them, of whom only one is a resident of Reno county. David 
Koontz, a well-known carjienter at Hutchinson. 

George M. Koontz was reared on the home farm in Illinois, obtaining 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 365 

his schoolini; in llic district school in the neii.diljorhixjfl of his home, and 
early learned the carpenter's trade, heconiing a prolicient craftsman in that 
line. Upon reaching- manhood he came to Kansas and settled in Greeley 
connt}', where he hcjmesteaded a farm, which he proceeded to develop, at 
the same time continuing- his work as a car|)enter. 1 ie als(_) sjjcnt a year in 
Colorado, working at his trade in Denver. In the fall of 1891 he married a 
daughter of Tohias Moore, a prominent farmer of Snrnner township, this 
county, and located for a time on his father-in-law's place in that township, 
later huying the southeast c[uarter of section 3, in the same township. Upon 
taking possession of that farm, Mr. Koontz began the development of the 
same and greatly improved it and brought it to a high state of cultivation. 
In 1906 he erected the present comfortable farm house which marks the 
place. He had come to a position in life where he could begin to relax 
some of the more active duties of his calling, when death stopped his earthly 
labors, on September 11, 19 12. 

George M. Koontz was a good citizen and was ever mindful of the 
common good. He was a Democrat and served the public of Sumner town- 
ship both as a school director and as a constable and in other ways did his 
part in civic affairs. He helped organize the Farmers Telephone Company 
in that part of the county and took an active part in the affairs of the same. 
Mr. Koontz w-as a class leader, one of the trustees and superintendent of 
the Sundav school of the United Brethren ciiurch and for years was devoted 
to church work, both he and his wife being regarded as among the leaders 
in s^ood works throughout their neighborhood. Since his death, Mr. Koontz's 
widow and her sons are continuing the management of the farm, and the 
family is very well situated. 

It was on September 13, 1S91, that George M. Koontz w'as united in 
marriage to Nannie J. Moore, who was born in Holmes county, Ohio, 
daughter of I'obias and Hannah (Walton) Moore, both natives of that 
same state and both of whom are still living. Tobias Moore was a tanner 
and saddler, the owner of a tannery near the town of Millersburg, in Holmes 
county, Ohio, where he was in business until 1882. in which year he sold 
his establishment and came with his family to Kansas, settling in Sumner 
townshi]^, this county. ]\Ir. Moore bought one-half of section 3, in that 
township, and there established his home. The land was unimproved, but 
with characteristic energy he lost no time in improving the same, getting 
it under cultivation, soon becoming recognized as one of the most substan- 
tial farmers in his neighborhood. He is a Republican and took an earnest 
part in local political affairs, wdiile both he and his wife were prominent in 



366 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

the work- of the Methodist Episcopal church. ]\Ir. ]\Ioore was born in 
August, 1828, aiui his wife was born in 1847. They are now Hving at 
Tokania. Nebraska, to which place they moved upon retiring from the farm 
in 19 1 -I- To them nine children were horn, of whom Mrs. Koontz was the 
fifth in order of birth, and six of whom are still living. 

To George M. and Xannie J. (Moore) Koontz six children were born, 
namely: Clinton Sylvester, born on May 13, 1892, who married Carrie 
Murphy; Orla Howard. Inly 17, 1893, who married Mary Nicklaus ; lona 
I'.dith. May 17. i8c;6. who married llerschel Prough, a farmer, of Sumner 
township; Lloyd, who died in January, iqot. aged three years; Charles Kent, 
April 2S. 1901 ; Olen Asa, April 4. 1905. Mrs. Koontz's elder sons are 
energetic young farmers of Sumner township and are al:)l}' performing their 
part in the common life of that community. 



ABRAHAM B. CRABBS. 

Abraham B. Crabbs, heatl of the firm of A. B. Crabbs & Company, real 
estate and loans, at Arlington, this county, one of the largest landowners 
in Reno county, a pioneer merchant at Arlington, president of the first bank 
organized in that town and for many years one of the most active figures in 
the development of that part of the C(5unty, is a native of Ohio, born in 
Richland county, that state. April 9, 1851, son of Jacob jM. and Catherine 
(Boliman) Crabbs, whose last days were spent at Arlington, this county. 

Ja:ob M. Crabbs was a merchant in his home state, Init upon the loca- 
tion of his s(jn. the subject of this sketch, at Arlington, in 1884, he retired 
from business and the next 'vear also came to Reno county, locating at 
,\rlinglon, where he died in 1894. at the age of sixty-four. His widow 
jnirvivcd him eleven years, her death occuring in 1905, she then being nearly 
seventy-five years of age. They were the parents of five children, of whom 
the subject of this sketch is the eldest, the others being John T,.. Albert E., 
Jennie and Maud, the latter of whom died in infancy. b>hn L. Crabbs is 
associated with his brother, A. V>. Crabl). in Arlington, and has two sons, 
Lee M.. a farmer, living near .\rlington. and frank L.. a merchant of that 
place. .Albert E. Oabbs, for years a well-known merchant at .Arlington, 
who died in 1908, left three sons, .Arthur ].. a farmer, living in western 
Kansas; Harry j., a merchant in Canada, and Dr. Ralph E. Crabbs, a well- 
known deuti>^t at Arlin^-ton. 



RENO COUNTY^ KANSAS. 367 

Abraham B. Crablis spent his childhood in Adams county, Indiana, 
w here lie received his early schooling, and al the aj;e of fourteen went back 
tcj the i)lace of his ])irth in Ohio, where he l)egan working in his father's 
store, and was there engaged until 1875, in which year he went to Toledo, 
Ohio, where he engaged in the grain commission 1)usiness and was thus 
employed until he came to Kansas in i8(S4 seeking a location. He stopped 
at Hutchinson and after looking the situation over a bit decided to enter 
the mercantile business at the then new and promising village of Arlington, 
the center of the rich region in the west central section of the county. His 
store building, one of the first erected in the new town, w^as ready for 
occupanc}' in August, 1885, and he opened up with a general store of mer- 
chandise worth about six thousand dollars. From the very start the busi- 
ness prospered and it was not long until Mr. Crabbs was operating with a 
stock double in value his initial stock, at once taking his place as a leader 
in the commercial life of the new and thriving town, continuing as a mer- 
chant there for twenty-three years. Two years after locating in Arlington 
Mr. Crabbs organized, in 1887, the town's first bank, the Arlington State 
Bank, and was elected president of the same, which he operated for tw^o 
years, or until he sold out to the Citizens State Bank in 1889, retaining, 
however, his financial interest in the bank. In 1889 Mr. Crabbs and brother, 
John L., erected a grain elevator at Arlington and continued operating the 
same until he sold out to the Hoffman Grain Company, of Enterprise, in 
190-I.. In 190J he became associated with J. S. Trembley in the hardw^are 
business and was thus connected until the lirm sold out in 191 5. In the 
meantime Mr. Crabbs also had been actively interested in the real-estate and 
loan business in and around Arlington and since disposing of his other inter- 
ests has devoted his whole time to that branch of bAisiness, under the lirm 
name of A. B. Crabbs & Com[)any. and is doing very well. Mr. Crabbs is 
the owner of aliout four thousand acres of land, mostly in Reno county, and 
the most of which is under profitable cultivation, the various farms being 
managed l)y responsible tenants. 

For years Mr. Crabbs has been generally handicapped by failing sight 
and for several years past has been all but blind, but despite this unhappy 
afllicti(Mi retains a hrm grasp on his extensive business interests and has lost 
none of his aforetime energy. Mr. Crabbs exerted a strong influence upon 
the progress of affairs in the western part of the county during the early 
development of that section and was one of the chief factors in securing to 
Arlington the advantages of a railroad Avhen the Rock Island line was being 
surveved through that part of the country. Politically, he is a Republican 



368 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and ever since coming to this county has been one of the leaders of the party 
in the western );art of the count}', l)Ut has never been included in the office- 
seeking class. In Ills fraternal relations he is affiliated with the Masons, the 
Modern Woodmen and the Ancient Order of United Workmen and takes a 
warm interest in the affairs of these several organizations. Mr. Crabbs has 
never married and makes his home with his brother, John L. Crabbs, at 
Arlington. 



CORNELIUS O. CHAPIN. 

Cornelius O. Chapin, a well-known and well-to-do retired farmer of this 
county, one of the real pioneers of Reno county, an honored veteran of the 
Civil War, one of the oldest Odd Fellows in the state and for years actively 
interested in the general civic affairs of this section of the state, has been 
living in Hutchinson since his retirement from the farm in 1905 and is very 
comfortably situated. ]\Ir. Chapin is a native of Massachusetts, a member of 
one of the old Colonial families, which is represented in widely separated 
parts of the country. The Chapin family maintains a regularly organized 
association of kinship, with headquarters in the East, and holds annual 
meetings which are very largely attended. The house in which ^Ir. Chapin 
was born at Chicopee, Massachusetts, September 18, 1841, was built in 1730 
and in that same house his father, Ouartus Chapin, was born on October 14, 

1793- 

(Juartus Chapin was reared a farmer and married Ruin- Sexton, who 

was born in Somers, Connecticut, remaining in the East until 1853. in which 
year he moved to Illinois. He bought two hundred and forty acres in Alorgan 
county, that state, and there spent the remainder of his life, his death occurr- 
ing on March 7, 1858. He was a soldier of the War of 1812, his father 
was a soldier in the Revolution and three of Quartus Chapin's sons were 
soldiers in the Civil War. His widow returned East and her death occurred 
in Waltham, Massachusetts. They were meml)ers of the Congregational 
church and their children were reared in that faith. There were six of these 
children, those besides the subject of tliis sketch 1)cing: Lyman, Horace and 
Cornelia L., now deceased; Lucy A., wim married llenrv E. Steele, a watch- 
maker of Waltham, Massachusetts, since whose death she has been living at 
North Adams, in that state, and Ouartus H., in the United States railway 
service, with headquarters at Chicago. 

Cornelius O. Chapin was about twelve years old when he mo\ed with 




^/yu^xztia^ 0yu><n/^i^^^yi^ 



RENO COLNTY, KANSAS. 369 

liis parents to Morgan county, Illinois. His higlicr education was obtained 
at Ft. Edward, New York, and in two years attendance at Illinois College, 
Jacksonvillle, Illinois. Though not twenty years old when the Civil War 
broke out he enlisted for three months serx'ice at the first call for volunteers 
and went to the front as a member of Company B, Tenth Regiment, Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered out at Cairo, Illinois, at the expiration 
of that term of service. Upon the completion of his military service he 
returned to the farm and in the fall of 1863 was married. Ten years later 
he came to Kansas and has been a resident of this county ever since. He 
arrived at Hutchinson on November 9, 1873, and presently homesteaded the 
southeast quarter of section 8, in Valley township, this county, upon which 
he and his wife established their home on February 12, 1874, and there they 
remained until their retirement from the farm and remoxal to Hutchinson 
in 1905. Mr. Chapin was a successful farmer and cattle raiser and for years 
was regarded as one of the most substantial and influential citizens of \'alley 
township. Upon retiring from the farm he in\ested his capital in real estate 
and is very comfortably situated. He and his wife have a very pleasant home 
at 620 Sherman street, east, and take an active interest in the social and 
cultural movements of their home town. 

It was on September 30. 1863, at Concord, Illinois, that Cornelius O. 
Chapin was united in marriage to Mary V. Detrick, who was born at Naples, 
Illinois, March 10, 1848, daughter of Dr. Jacob H. and Hannah (jMorrison) 
Detrick, the former a nati\e of Pennsylvania and the latter of Ohio, both 
of whom spent their last days in Hutchinson, this county. Doctor Detrick 
dying on September 28, 1902, and his widow on April 5, 19 13. Doctor and 
Mrs. Detrick were IMethodists and active workers in the church. The Doctor 
was a Democrat and a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. To 
him and his wife two daughters were born, Mrs. Chapin having a sister, 
Catherine E., who married Clarence Willey, a prominent lumberman of 
Chicago, and was among those who lost their lives in the sinking of the 
"Lusitania." Her only child, a daughter, Catherine, is the wife of Robert 
Thorne, vice-president of the great Montgomery Ward Company at Chicago. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Chapin one child was born, a son, Charles F., who was 
born at Concord, Illinois, June 4, 1864, and who was killed by the accidental 
discharge of a gun in the hands of another person, in A'alley township, this 
county, Januarv 21, 1887. Charles F. Chapin had married Fannie Demorett, 
of this county, and their only child. Lyman H.. born in \"alley township on 
(24a) 



370 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

December ^o. 1886. was killed ])v jjeins: run over bv a loaded was^on in that 
township on Xo\ember 2. 1897. 

Mr. Chapin has been a meml;er of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows since the year 1864 and a member of the Daughters of Rebekah, 
which latter order both he and his wife joined at the same time, since 1870. 
Upon the fiftieth anniversary of his service as an Odd Fellow, Mr Chapin 
was presented by the grand lodge of Kansas Odd Fellows with a handsome 
gold badge, suitably inscribed, the number of his years of service, "50 " being 
outlined in diamonds. Mr. Chapin also is a member of Joe Hooker Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic, at Hutchinson, and for years has taken a warm 
interest in the affairs of that patriotic order. ]Mr. Chapin is a prominent 
member of the Woman's Relief Corps and has been senior vice-president of 
that organization for the department of Kansas. ]\Ir. Chapin is a Republican 
and ever has taken an active interest in local political affairs, but has never 
been included in the office-seeking class. 



CHARLES GIBSON. 



Charles Gibson, a well-known and progressive young farmer of Valley 
township, this county, is a native son of Reno county, having been born on 
the homestead farm where he now li^'es, jMay 23. 1885, son of Harrison 
and Mary A. (Black) Gibson, both natives of Tuscarawas county, Ohio, 
the former born on October 1, 1840, and the latter, November 30, 1846, 
who were pioneers of this county and prominent in the development of the 
community in which they settled in A'alley township in 1878. 

Harrison Gibson was reared in Ohio and served three years as a mem- 
l)€r of an Ohio regiment during the Civil U'ar. Upon the conclusion of his 
military service he married and bought a farm in Ohio, where he lived until 
the spring of 1878. at which time he sold his farm and came to Kansas with 
his family, settling in Reno county. Fie bought a quarter of a section of 
land in N'alley township and there constructed a two-room sod house, in 
which the family found shelter until the present commodious farm house 
was erected in 18S2. Mr. Gibson was a good farmer and his operations 
prospered, he being the owner of five hundred and sixty acres of land in 
\"alley and (,^lay townshii)s at the time of his death, on August 6, 1912. 
He was a Republican and he and his wife were earnest members of the 
Methodist church, aiding in the organization of the Clay \^alley Methodist 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 37 1 

l''.l)isctii.al cliurrli, n\ wliicli lie was a steward lo the time of his dcatli. His 
widow, will) -^till siir\i\es him, is \ery pleasantly situated in a cottage on the 
old homestead, ntit far from the house in which her youngest son, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and his family reside. There were seven other children 
in the family: Alice, who married 11. I', d'idrick and lives at Emporia, 
this state; AIiner\a, who married .Vllen O. Sprowl and lives on a farm in 
Yoder township, this county; Margaret, who died at the age of eighteen; 
Gertrude, who married ¥i . T. Eales and lives on a farm in Yoder township; 
Harriet, who married h>ed Sloo]) and lives on a farm in Clay township; 
John Walter, who married Anna Afar}- White and lives on a farm in Y^'oder 
township, and W illiam Harrison, \vho lives on a farm in Valley township. 

Charles Gibson was reared on the farm on which he was born and on 
which he still li^"es, and received his schooling in the Dodge school at the 
cross-roads near his home. When his father died he inherited half of the 
(juarter section comprising the home farm, his mother retaining the other 
half. Air. Gibson is a progressive and energetic young farmer and is doing 
well. He is much interested in the cultivation of a better strain of horse 
tlesh in his neighborhood and is the owner of a prize-winning French draft 
sire. "Buster," which took the sweepstakes at the Kansas State Fair in 191 3. 

On^March 19, 1913. Charles Gibson was united in marriage to Arlena 
D. Alacklin, who was born in Valley township, this county, November 19, 
1894, daughter of H. O. and Ruth (Averrill) Macklin, the former of whom 
was also reared in Valley township, his father, F>. F. Macklin, now living in 
Hutchinson, having been one of Reno county's earliest settlers, and to this 
union two children have been born, Charles Kenneth, born on Alay 17, 1914-, 
and Arthur Harold, August 19, 1915. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson are members 
of the Clay Valley Methodist church and take an active interest in the various 
social and cultural activities of their communitv. 



JOSEPH CATTE. 



Joseph Catte. a well-known and substantial farmer of Langdon town- 
ship, this county, owner of two hundred and forty acres in section 17, of 
that township, has been a resident of Reno county since he was ten years 
old and has therefore been a witness of all the wonderful development that 
has marked this region within the past generation. He was born in the 
city of Brooklyn, New A'ork, October 29, 1868, son of Eugene and Gene- 



3/2 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

ranse (Abryj Catlc. nalixes of [-"ranee, both l)orn in Alsace, the former on 
May 10, 1828, and the latter, May 16, 1828, for years well-known residents 
of Reno county. 

Eugene Catte came to the United States in 185S and was engaged in 
the business of gold retining at Brooklyn until the spring of 1878, when he 
came to Kansas, arriving in Reno county on j\Iarch 17, of that year. He 
bought the northeast quarter of section 20, in Langdon township, and 
entered a timber claim on the south half of the south half of section 17, in 
the same township, and on the former tract established his home. While 
developing his farm he acted for some time, in pioneer days, as a freighter 
on the old Sunset trail, hauling grain from Hutchinson to Sun Citv and 
Lake City, on ?iledicine RiA'er, and bringing back firewood, for which serv- 
ice he was paid one dollar and fifty cents a load, boarding himself. As his 
farming operations progressed, however, he prospered and became a sub- 
stantial farmer. He spent the rest of his life on the Langdon township 
farm, his death occurring on October lo. 1898. Some time after his death 
his widow returned to her former home in Brooklyn and there she died on 
May 29. 1905. She was a Catholic and her children were reared in that 
faith. There were five of these children, those besides the subject of this 
sketch being as follow : Louisa, who married T. J. Brady, a patrolman in 
New York City ; Jules, now deceased, who was a tinner and galvanizer at 
Philadelphia; Louis, a farmer of Langdon township, this county, and Eugene, 
also a resident of Langdon township. 

Joseph Catte was ten years old when he came to Reno county with his 
parents in 1878 and his schooling, which had been begun in Brooklyn, was 
resumed in the district schools of Langdon township. Lie grew up on the 
home farm ruid became an excellent farmer, in due time buying a farm of 
his own in the neighborhood of the home place, the same being the timber 
claim which his father had entered \ears before. He also inherited from 
S. i). W'yman the ^outh halt" of the west half of the northwest quarter of 
that same section antl now (nvns a \\ell-kci)t farm of two hundred and forty 
acres there, being very comfortably circumstanced. Air. Catte is a Repub- 
lican and has taken an acii\c inlevest in local civic aft'airs, having seiwed as 
clerk of the school board oi his home township since 1906. 

On December 25, 1894, Joseph Catte was united in marriage in Lang- 
don township to Melissa Applegate, who was born in Nodaway county, 
Missouri, October 22, 1876. daughter of Jackson and Elizabeth (Fee) Apple- 
gate, both natives of Indiana, the former born in Hamilton county, that 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 373 

State. Xo\einl)cr 20, 1831, and tlic latter, in Clinton county, September 3, 
1844. Jackson A[)i)legatc came to Kansas from Missouri in December, 
1886, and settled in I.an^don low iislii]). this county. He bought a quarter 
of a section of land there and established his home, spending' the rest of his 
life on that farm, his death occurring on January 9, ic)to. His widow is 
now living in the town of Langdon. They were the parents of six children, 
those besides Airs. Catte being as foll(nv : Randolph, a retired farmer, 
now living in Hutchinson ; Samuel, a farmer, of Plevna township, tliis 
county; John, a farmer, of Langdon township; Rdward, of Texas, and 
^^'illiam, a railroad man, of Hutchinson. 

To Joseph and Melissa (Applegate) Catte three children have been born, 
namely: Joseph Perry, born on October 2, 1895, who, on June 15, 1915, 
was appointed a cadet to the West Point Military Academy, on recommenda- 
tion of Congressman George Neely; Hazel, February 16, 1897, and Velma, 
Ai)ril 4, 1899. 



PETER DECK. 



Peter Deck, member of the board of commissioners of Reno county, 
former trustee of Westniinster township, a jjrominent pioneer of that town- 
ship and one of the best-knijwn and most substantial retired farmers of this 
county, now li\-ing in a fine house in Abliey\ille, is a native Hoosier, but has 
been a resident of this county since 1874 and has thus been a witness to and 
a particii>ant in the \vonderful j^rogress which has been made in this region 
since early pioneer days. He was born on a farm near the town of Albion, 
in Noble county, Indiana, August 6, 1850. son of Isaac and Julia (Johnson) 
Deck, both natives of Pennsylvania, who later became pioneers of Reno 
county and the latter of whom is still living here, being now in the ninety- 
first year of her age. 

Isaac Deck was born near the town of Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, 
March 4, 1820, and was reared as a farmer. About 1838 he went over into 
Ohio and settled in the timber, near the town of Bryan, in \\^illianis county, 
where he made his home until 1844, "i which year he moved to Indiana and 
settled near the town of Albion, in Noble county, where he lived until 1858, 
when he came west and settled in northern Alissouri, where he lived until 
the sentiment against all an.ti-sla\ery sympathizers in that section became so 
pronounced that he moved his family to southern Iowa in 1861 and estab- 
lished a new home for them. He then returned to Missouri and in 1862 



374 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

enlisted fur service in belialf of the Union arms in Company G, Seventh 
j\Iissonri Cavalrv. with which lic served for more than two vears, dnrin? 
which time he was engaged in several hot skirmishes, including the battle 
of Springfield, ^^lissouri. Upon the conclusion of his military service, Mr. 
Deck rejoined his family in Iowa and remained there until the spring of 
1876, w hen he came to Kansas and established his home on a cjuarter of a 
section of land in \\'e<tniinister township, this county, where he spent the 
remainder of his life, his death occurring in October, 1898. His widow is 
still living at her home in that township, in her ninety-first year, one of the 
best-known pioneers of the west central part of the county. Isaac Deck 
took a prominent part in pioneer afTairs and was a good citizen. He was 
a Republican and an active member of the Grand Army of the Republic and 
he and his wife were earnest members of the Dunkard church, in which 
faith their children were reared. There were eight of these children, of 
whom the subject of this sketch was the fourth in order of birth, the others 
being Hannah, Lucinda, William. Gideon, Laura, Lincoln and Flora. 

Peter Deck was about eight years old when his parents moved from 
Indiana to Missouri and was about eleven when the family sought refuge in 
Iowa. In the latter state he completed his schooling and became a farmer 
and there he was married in 1870. In March, 1874, he came to Kansas 
and homesteaded a quarter of a section in Westminster tow-nship, this county, 
which he straightway proceeded to improve and bring under cultivation, 
soon becoming knou-n as one of the most substantial farmers in that part 
of the county. As he prospered in his farming and stock-raising opera- 
tions, Mr. Deck gradually added to his land holdings, until he became the 
owner of a fine farm of four hundred and ninety acres and there he lived 
until 1 91 2. in which year he retired from the farm .-uid moved to Abbey- 
ville. where he built a fine house and where he is now living, he and his 
familx- being very comfortably situated. Air. Deck is a Republican and ever 
since coming to this county has taken an earnest interest in civic affairs. 
He sen'ed for some time as treasurer of W^estminster township and later 
served as trustee of the srmie township. In 191 2 he was elected commis- 
sioner of Reno county from his district and entered upon the duties of that 
important office in January, 19 13. 

It was in 1870, while living in Iowa, that Peter Deck was united in 
marriage to Sarah .\nderson, daughter of W. 1). and Sarah (Louder) 
Anderson, and to this union five chilih-en have been bovn, Lawrence. Roy. 
Ethel, Nettie and Chester. Mr. and. Mrs. Deck are acti\e members of the 
Methodist church and Air. iJeck has ser\ed as an office bearer in that church. 



RENO COUNTY^ KANSAS. 375 

lie is a Ala^-on and a nicnilier of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and ot iho Woodmen, in the affairs of which organizations he takes a warm 
interest. 



TAMES W. I'ARISH. 



James W. Parish, a well-know'n and progressive merchant of Langdon, 
this county, has been a resident of Kansas since he was fonrteen years old. 
He was born in Springfield, Illinois, March 25, 1868, son of James and 
Amanda ( Davis j Parish, the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter 
of Indiana. James Parish moved from Pennsylvania to Indiana with his 
parents in his youth and at Franklin, in the latter state, married i\manda 
Davis, later moving to .Springfield, Illinois, where he made his home until 
1882, in which year he came to Kansas wuth his family, settling at Ft. Scott, 
where he lived for about ten years. He died at Clifton, Ohio, in 1909, and 
his widow is now living at Kansas City, Missouri. They were the parents 
of six children, those besides the subject of this biographical sketch being 
as follow: C. W., a capitalist at Spokane, Washington; Eva, who married 
Isaac Bingham, a farmer, of Baxter Springs, this state; Alice, wddow of 
Lew Antrim, a one-time locomotive engineer, of Kansas City; j\Irs. Lucy 
Butcher, of Kansas City, and Fred, a farmer, of Baxter Springs. 

James W. Parish was about fourteen years old when he came to Kan- 
sas wnth his parents in 1882 and his schooling was completed in the schools 
of Ft. Scott. He then secured employment on one of the railroads running 
out of that city and for nine years was engaged as a railroad man. He then 
came to Reno county and located at Langdon, where he opened a store for 
the sale of general merchandise and has ever since been very successfully 
engaged in that business at that place, having built up a fine trade through- 
out that section of the county. His store is admirabl}- stocked and his busi- 
ness is conducted along progressi\'e lines. 

At Catskill, New Mexico, June 4, 1894. James W. Parish was united in 
marriage to Junia Ramey, who was ])orn in Cowley county, Kansas. Sep- 
tember 2T,, 1877. daughter of William H. and Sarah (Davis) Ramey, the 
former of whom ^^•as l>orn in Pittsljurgh, Pennsylvania, and the latter in 
Springfield, Illinois. A\"illiam H. Ramey died in Trinidad. Colorado, in 
October, 1906. and his widow is now living at Ludlow, in that state. They 
were the parents of se\en children, Mrs. Parish's brothers and sisters l^eing 
as follow: Roljert, deceased; ^^lontie, a painter, of Langdon. this county; 



3/6 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Gertrude, who married ^\'illiam Sherman, a miner, of Ludlow, Colorado; 
Wismie, who married Alex Lowe, also a Ludlow miner; Elsie, wife of 
Frank l^un^on, another Ludlow miner, and Odessa, wife of Jack Sharp, 
also a Ludlow miner. To Air. and Mrs. Parish two children have been 
born. Bessie, born, at Trinidad. Colorado, October 19, 1896, who married 
K. L. Plush, a farmer, of Langxlon township, this county, and Roy, born at 
Langdon, January 1. 1899. Mr. Parish is a Republican and gives close 
attention to local political affairs. l)ut has never been an aspirant for political 
honors, preferring rather to give liis undivided attention to his growing 
business interests. 



THOMAS J. RICE. 



Thomas J. Rice, proprietor of Rice's popular cafeterias at Hutchinson, 
this county, is a native of Ohio, having been born in Scioto county, that state, 
April II, 1872, son of Charles and Sarah (Kirkpatrick) Rice, both natives 
of that same state, the latter of whom is still living, making her home with 
her son, the subject of this sketch, at Hutchinson. 

Charles Rice was reared on a farm in Ohio and when the Ci\il A\'ar 
l^roke out enlisted in Company G, Ninety-first Regiment, Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry, and served three years in the Army of the East, under General 
Sheridan. He married in Ohio and remained there until 1876. in which 
year he came West with his family, settling in Holt county. Missouri, where 
he bought eighty acres of land and farmed for two years, at the end of which 
time he mo\ed to Atchison county, same state, where he bought eighty 
acres and remained seven years. He then moved to Pawaiee county, Nebraska, 
where he bought a farm of twn hundred and forty acres and remained for 
ten years, at the end of which time he sold his place to advantage and moved 
to Prairie county. Arkansas, where he bought four hundred and eight}- acres 
and after seven years residence there moxed to the Creek Nation (now 
Rogers county. Oklahoma). Indian Territory, and had become well estab- 
lished there when he died, his death occuring in September, 1894. wlnlc 
making a visit to the Chickasaw Nation. He ne\er had a law suit in Ins 
life. To Charles Rice and wife four children were born, these besides the 
subject of this sketch being, John \\'.. a farmer, of Rogers county, Oklahoma; 
Charles J., a farmer, of Pawnee county. Nebraska, and David A.. wIt) died 
on his farm in Prairie county, Arkansas. 

Thomas J. Rice was l)ut four years old when his parents came West 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. };]'] 

aiul he grew to manhood on liis father's farms in Missouri and Nebraska, 
finishing his school days in high school in the latter state. He married in 
the fall of i8g4 and continued farming with his father until 1902, in which 
year he engaged in the general mercantile Ijusiness in the Indian Territory 
and was thus engaged for seven years, after which he bought a farm in 
Nowata county, Oklahoma, where he made his h(jme for three years. He 
then moved to Ford county, same state, where he remained, farming, until 
he moved to Hutchinson, where, on September 12, 1914, he and his wife 
opened, at 12 Second avenue, east, the first cafeteria established in that city. 
So successful did this venture prove that on November 9, 1915, Mr. and Mrs. 
Rice opened cafeteria No. 2, at 21 South IMain street and have since been very 
successfully operating both places. Mr. Rice has taken an acti\e interest in the 
general welfare of the city since moving to Hutchinson and is a memi^er of 
the Commercial Clul). He is a Republican and takes an earnest interest in 
local politics, but is not an office-seeker. He is a member of the Hutchinson 
post of the Sons of Veterans, of the Knights of Pythias and of the Odd 
Fellows. 

It was in the fall of 1894, in Pawnee county, Nebraska, that Thomas J. 
Rice was united in marriage to Nellie Sovereign, who was born in Caldwell 
county, Missouri, November 26, 1876, daughter of A1)ram and Eunice 
(Tabor) Sovereign, the former a native of Canada and the latter of Indiana. 
Abram Sovereign was but a boy when his parents emigrated from Canada 
to Indiana and settled in Porter county, that state, in the neighborhood of 
Valparaiso, where he grew to manhood and where he married Eunice Tabor, 
who was ]>orn near Valparaiso. In the latter sixties Abram Sovereign came 
West, settling in Caldwell C(Uinty, Missouri, where he remained until 1896, 
in which year he moved to Pawnee County, Nebraska, where he remained 
nine years, at the end of which time he returned to ^Missouri and settled in 
Vernon county, that state, where he spent the rest of his life, his death 
occurring in June, 1899. His widow, who still survives, is now making her 
home in Hutchinson, this county. Seven children were born to .\l)ram 
Sovereign and wife, as follow: Chester E., deceased; Schuyler C, of 
Hutchinson; Grant, who is associated with Mr. Rice in the operation of the 
Rice cafeterias in Hutchinson; Nettie, who married William Scott, a farmer, 
and died in Pawnee county. Nebraska; Leonard, a farmer, of Galesburg, 
Illinois; Myrtle, who married George W. Hofsess. who is associated with 
]\Ir. Rice in the operation of the latter's cafeterias in Hutchinson, and Fred, 
raihvay station agent and telegraph operator at Satanta. this state. 

To Mr. and Airs. Rice three children have l^een born. Alvin. born in 



^jS REXO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Prairie county. Arkansas, July 6, 1895; Fay L., born in that same county, 
Alay 1 1. 1897, and Alta Eunice, born in Nowata county, Oklahoma, June 16, 
1909, all of whom are a home. The Rice's have a handsome home at 19 
sixteenth avenue, east, built in 1915, and are very pleasantlv situated. 



JOHX WILLARD CAMPBELL. 

John W'illard Campbell, former trustee of Plevna township, this county, 
one of the \ery earliest settlers of this township, a well-known and prosper- 
ous pioneer farmer of Reno county and a director and vice-president of the 
Farmers Elevator Company of Plevna, is a native of Michigan, but has been 
a resident of Reno county since 1873 ^^^^^ ^'^^^ ^^''^''^ been a witness to and 
an active promoter of the development of this section of the state since 
pioneer days. He was born at Bay City, ]\lichigan. May 4, 1852, son of 
Noah R. and Elmira (Dixon) Campbell, both natives of the state of New 
York, who later became pioneers of Reno county and spent their last days 
here. 

Noah R. Campbell was born at Brant, near the city of Buffalo, New 
Yorl:. Tanuar}- 2=^. 1820, and grew up and was married in Pennsylvania, 
where he was engaged in farming until 185 1, in which year, shortly after 
his marriage, he moved to J\Iichigan and settled in Bay City, where he 
engaged in teaming and was thus engaged until 1871, when he moved to 
Royal Oak, in the same state, where he li^■cd until he came with his family 
to Kansas, entering a quarter of a section of land in Plevna township, this 
county, on October 6, i^Sj^,, and entered a quarter section in February, 1874, 
as a timber claim; his eldest son, the subject of this sketch entering an 
adjoining quarter section at the same time, these being the first homesteads 
entered in that to\vn,-hi]). There Noali R. Campbell threw up a sod shanty 
with a roof of hay and in that humble abode he and his family spent the 
winter: in the following spring erecting a small frame house, which later, 
from time to time, received additions, and this second house served as a 
home until it finally was flestroyed by fire on July 2. 1897. lifter which a 
better and more commodious home was erected. In the spring of 1874 
Noah R. Cam])1)ell and his sons broke forty acres of land and planted the 
same to corn, but the grasshopper plague of that year rendered futile their 
first season's efforts. The next year a small crop was raised and after 
awhile the Campbells began to prosper and earl)- became recognized as lead- 



RENO COLXTY, KANSAS. 379 

ers in the piDiieer life of that virinily. Noah K. Campbell spent the rest of 
his life on that pioneer farm. l;r,t lived retired in his later years, and was 
almost wholly paralyzed f(jr ationt two and one-half years before his death 
on January 2^, i8q2. Mis widow surxived him for more than twenty years, 
her death occurring in Montana on July 27, 19 15. They were the parents 
of six children, of whom the suldect of this sketch was the eldest, the others 
being as follow : Ida, who married H. A. Abbott and is now living on a 
farm in Montana; J. J., a retired farmer, most of whose time is spent in 
Den\-er, Colorado, and who has four children, N. Alonzo, Mrs. Nellie Smith, 
J. T. and xMrs. Cora Cox; Dean, who married John W. Hanan, a farmer of 
Plevna township, this countv; Mrs. Julia A. Dunham, deceased, and Mrs. 
L. G. Mitchell, of Plevna, this countv. 

John W. Campbell was reared in his native town. Bay City, Michigan, 
where he obtained his schooling and where for some time he was engaged 
as a clerk in a store. He v.as twenty-one years old when he came with his 
parents to Reno county in the fall of 1873 '^'^'^'^ 1^^ homesteaded a quarter 
of a section lying alongside his father's homestead in Plevna township, which 
he proceeded to develop, at the same time assisting his father in the develop- 
ment of his place and after the death of his father accpiired the latter's home- 
stead farm, being now the owner of the full half section of land, a farm of 
three hundred and twenty acres, well improved and profitably cultivated. 
In recent years he has erected a fine residence on his place and his modern 
barn and other farm l)uildings are in keeping with the same, Air. Campbell 
conducting his farming operations along the latest and best-appro\ed lines. 
He has for years taken an active part in civic affairs in that part of the 
county and for some time served as clerk of the township, later serving for 
several years as township trustee. . He also has been active in the affairs 
of the Farmers Elevator Company at Plevna and is the vice-president and 
one of the directors of that enterprising and progressive concern. Mr. 
Campbell is an active and earnest member of the Kansas State Historical 
Society and has been able to contribute much valuable information regard- 
ing pioneer days in this county to the reports of that body. The first post- 
office in the Plevna section of Reno county was established in the old Camp- 
bell home and was given the name of "Dean." serving the people of that 
neighborhood until the office was moxed to Plevna, upon the establishment 
of that village. 

On June _', 1888, John ^^^ Campbell was united in marriage to Julia 
M. Dennis and to this union two sons have been l)orn. fason Edward and 



380 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Jesse Roberts, ihc latter of \\ honi married ATarx- K. Nusser and continues 
to make his home on the old homestead place. Both sons are active and 
valuable aids to their father in the operation of the farm and are recognized 
in their neii^hborhood as energetic and up-to-date young agriculturists. Mr. 
Campbell is a member of the ]\Iodern Woodmen and of the Royal Neigh- 
bors and takes a warm interest in the affairs of these two organizations. 



\MLLIA:\I L. HUDSON. 



William L. Hudson, a well-known and successful farmer and horse 
dealer, of Syhia township, this count}', is a native of Maryland, having 
been born on a farm in the neighborhood of the town of Berlin, in that 
state, on October 5, 1861, son of William S. and Julia A. (Powell) Hud- 
son, both natives of that same state, who were reared and married there 
and who made their home there until 1866, in which year, following the 
readjustments being made thereabout as a consequence of the changed con- 
ditions incident to the conclusion of the Civil War period, they moved West 
with their family and settled in Pike county, Illinois, where they lived on a 
rented farm until 1882, in which year they moved to Shelby county, same 
state, where William S. Hudson and his wife spent their last days, the 
former dying at the age of seventy-eight and the latter at the age of ninety- 
two. William S. Hudson and wife were the parents of seven children, two 
sons and five daughters, of whom the su1)iect of this biographical sketch was 
the youngest and the only one to come to Kansas. 

William L. Hudson 'A'as live years old when his parents moved to Illi- 
nois and he received his education in the district school in the neighborhood 
of his early home in Pike county, meantime helping his father in the labors 
of the farm, and was twent\-one years old when the family nioxcd to Shelby 
C(junty in 1882. There Mr. Hud.son met his future wife and in 1884 was 
married, after which he began farming- on his own account, renting- a farm 
in h'fhnghani county, Illinois, where he made his home for four years, at the 
end of which time he returned to Shelby county and there made his home 
until 1892. the year of his removal to this state. It was earlv in the spring 
of i8r)2 that Mr. Hudson and his family came to Reno county, rurixing here 
in March of that year, an<l n few months later he bought a quarter of a sec- 
tion of unimproved land in Sylvia township, just one-half mile north of the 
town of Sylvia. Later he added to this tract by the purchase of a quarter 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 38 1 

of a section adjoining- and n(j\v has a well-kept and highly improved place 
of three hundred and twenty acres, on which he still makes his home and 
where he and his family are very comfortably situated. 

Wdien Air. Hudson settled on his Sylvia township place there was not 
even a fence-post on the place in the way of improvement, the whole a 
sandy plain without a tree or a building- of any sort, in 1893 ^^'^ ^^'•"^t a 
small house, but later rcliuilt and enlarged the house, remodeling the same 
into his present pretty dwelling, which, with the large and modern barn 
rnd ample orchard adjoining, situated on a gentle knoll, presents a very 
pleasing and attractive appearance to the eye of the traveler passing that 
way. In the fall of 191 5 Air. Hudson built a new house a few rods west 
of the farm dwelling, for the occupancy of his son, Carl H. and wife, the 
former of whom is now relie\'ing his father of the greater part of the details 
of management of the home place. For some time after locating in this 
county, Air. Hudson confined his operations to grain farming, but later 
went into the business of breeding full-blood Percheron horse stock and in 
that line has been very successful, there being a large and constant demand 
for th2 horses raised on the Hudson farm. Air. Hudson has three full- 
blood Percheron sires and a number of full-blood mares of the same breed 
and his colts are eagerly sought by those who are desirous of improving the 
strain of their horse stock. Air. Hudson is not only a good farmer and 
horse breeder, but is recognized as an excellent business man and is wddely 
known throughout the county. He is a Democrat and a member of the 
lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Sylvia, in the affairs of 
wdiich order he takes a warm interest. 

On July 27, 1884, in Illinois, William L. Hudson was united in mar- 
riage to Josephine A. Brown, who was born in Alacon country, that state, 
daughter of John W. W. and Alary C. Browai, the former of wdiom is now 
deceased, but the latter of wdiom is still living, making her home at Svlvia, 
this county, to which place she and her husband had moved when well pasf 
middle age. To William L. and Josephine A. (Brown) Hudson, four chil- 
dren have Ijeen born, as follow: Harry L., who died when eighteen years 
of age; George W., who is married and lives on a farm in Sylvia town- 
ship, this county; Carl H., also married, who lives in a house neighboring 
that of the parental home, and wdio is now^ relieving his father of much of 
the detail work of managing the farm, and Lura A., who is at home with 
her parents. The Hudsons are well known throughout the Sylvia neighbor- 
hood and the family is held in high regard thereabout. 



382 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

ELBERT O. ALLMON. 

Elbert O. Allmon. fornier mayor and a well-known and enterprising 
merchant of Turon. this county, who is associated in business in that flourish- 
in^' little city with his father-in-law, E. O. Barker, is a native son of the 
Sunflower state, having been liorn in Barber county, Kansas, October 16, 
1878, son of the Hon. Sanuiel J. and Zelmar (Sandifer) Allmon, both 
natives of Bollinger countv, Alissouri, who became residents of Kansas in 

1877: 

Samuel J. Allmon was lD(irn on October 20, 1850, and was reared on 

a farm in Bollinger county, Missouri. There he married Zelmar Sandifer, 
a neighbor girl, who was liorn in 1853, and they made their home on a farm 
in that county until the spring of 1877, at which time they came to Kansas 
and settled near Elm Mills, in Barber county, where they remained about a 
year, at the end of which time they nioved to Pratt county, W'here Mr. All- 
mon homesteaded a quarter of a section of land near Preston, which he 
afterward sold and l^ought another quarter section three and one-half miles 
west of Preston and a c|uarter section eight miles southeast of Pratt, both 
tracts in Pratt county, which he still owns, though he has made his home 
in FVeston for years. Mr. Allman has given earnest attention to civil 
affairs in his home county and at the last election was elected as representa- 
tive from his district to the lower house of the Kansas state Legislature. 
For nearly twenty years he has been a member of his local school board and 
most of that time has also served as treasurer and clerk of the board. For 
eight years he serverl the people of Pratt county in the capacity of county 
clerk and has also served several terms as township trustee and as justice 
of the peace. His wife died at l^restcjn in 1881. Thev were the parents 
of three children, the subject of this sketch liaving two sisters, I^Iay, wdio 
married J. C. Sillin. a miller, of Iliid><in, ibis state, and Belle, who is at 
home with her father. 

Elbert (). Allmon received his education in the district schools of Pratt 
county and the grade schools of Prestim and earlv entered upon his suc- 
cessful mercantile career. His first venture as a i)roprietor was in associa- 
tion with IC. M. Rowell. in the general merchandise 1)usiness at Turon. this 
county, which partnership was maintained for two vears. at the end of which 
time Mr. Allmon became connected with his father-in-law, K. O. Barker, in 
business in the same thriving little citv and has ever since been thus enerased, 
the firm having a fine store on Burns street, the chief street of the city. 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. _ 383 

Ever since l(>c;itini;- at l^iron Mr. Allnioii has taken an active part in public 
affairs and was elected a nieniher of the lirst council after the incorporation 
of the city. So acce[)tahle was his ser\ice in that connection that he was 
elected second mayor of the city and made an excellent record in that 
important executive capacity. He is a ])roniinent member of the Turon 
Boosters Club and neglects no opportunity to "Ijoost" his home town in all 
proper ways. He is a Deiuocrat and is well known in tlie crjuncils of that 
party in Reno county. 

At Preston, Kansas, October 3, 1900, Elbert O. Allmon was united in 
marriage to Ila E. Barker, who was born in Em])oria, this state, daughter 
of E. O. and Caroline TShull) Barker, both of whom were born in Dekalb 
countv, Indiana, not far from the city of Ft. Wayne, and who came to 
Kansas years ago. To this union four children have been born, as follow : 
Ralph, born on July 16, 1903; Merle, July 2, 1905; Olive, May 15, 1907. 
and Vada Joy, April 6. 1909. Mr. and Mrs. Allmon are earnest members 
of the Methodist church and take an active part in the various social and 
cultural actix'ities of their liome town. Mr. Allmon is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and of the Modern Woodmen of 
America and takes a warm interest in the affairs of those organizations. 



BUCKNER W. DUNSWORTH. 

Buckner W. Dunsworth, one of the successful and progressive farmers 
of Reno county, was born at McComb, Illinois, June 22, 1850, and was the 
son of Nathaniel and ]Mildred (Waymac) Dunsworth, the later of whom 
was the daughter of Buckner Waymac. Air. Waymac was a native of 
Tennessee, who in early life settled in Indiana and later at ■\IcComb, Illi- 
nois, where he engaged in farming until his death. The grandfather, 
Thomas Dunsworth, was a native of Ireland and later made his home in 
Illinois, where he died. 

Nathaniel and Mildred Dunsworth were the parents of the following 
children : A. J. ; Thomas ; Tillman and Buckner W. The parents were 
active and influential members of the Baptist church and took much interest 
in all church work. 

Buckner W. Dunsworth was educated in the common schools of Illi- 
nois and later engaged in farming. He has been married four times. He 
was first married to Sarah J. Jackson, to whom the following children were 



384 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

born: William H., James E. and Ira. After the death of his wife he 
was married to Caroline Fowler to whom six children were born: Alice, 
Frank, Carrie, Ellen. Lewis and Abbie. Mr. Dunsworth later married 
Carrie Davis to whom one child. Grace, was born. Later in life he mar- 
ried Alice Spiva. 

^[r. Dunsworth came to his present farm of two hundred and forty 
acres in 1887 and here he has made a success of general farming and stock 
raising. Fie has devoted much of his time to the raising of Percheron and 
French draft horses and has taken many prizes at the fairs. 

Mr. Dunsworth is a member of the Baptist church and takes much 
interest in church work. lie is a member of the Masonic order, having 
attained the Scottish rite degree at ^\■ichita and the York rite at Hutchin- 
son. He is also a member of the Modern \\^oodmen of America. He has 
si.xteen grandchildren. 



JOHN W. CO:\IES. 



John W. Comes, one of the most energetic and progressive farmers of 
Reno county, proprietor of a fine farm of three hundred and twenty acres 
in \'alley township, on which he has erected the most attractive farm house 
on the "Santa Fe Trail" within twenty-five miles; a man who not only has 
been diligent in his own business, but who has e\'er given his thoughtful and 
intelligent attention to public affairs, is a native of Illinois, having been born 
on a farm in McDonough county, that state, July 21, 1857, son of Nicholas 
and Mary (Kohule) Comes, both natives of Germany, the former born in 
Coblenz, Prussia, and the latter in W'ittenburg, who became pioneers of 
Reno county and substantial and influential residents of \^alley township. 

Nicholas Comes, who was Ijorn in 1829, left his native land in 1854, 
in order to escape the hated military system of that country, and landed in 
New York with just three marks (seventy-five cents) in his pocket. For a 
year thereafter he worked in the woods in the Schenectady district, at a wage 
of nine dollars the month, and then began working in a glove factory at 
Gloversville, where he met Mary Knhule. who also had come from Ger- 
many in 1854. and who was working in the same factory. They were mar- 
ried in the early spring of 1856 and straightway came West, settling in 
McDonough count)-. Illinois, where they liought a farm of one hundred 
acres in 1862 and there made their home until 1876. in which year Mr. Comes 




JOHN W. CO.MES 




MRS. J. W. COMES 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 385 

disposed of his interests there, chartered a couple of cars for the transpor- 
tation of his iiousehold goods, necessary hve stock and sufficient lumber from 
which to construct a small house and he and his family came to Kansas. Mr. 
Comes bought a half section of land in Valley township and there established 
his home. With the lumber he had brought from Illinois he erected the 
best house at that time in the township and it was not long until he and his 
family were very comfortably situated on their pioneer farm. He and his 
sons quickly developed their farm, in addition cultivating quite a tract of 
adjoining land, "breaking out" hve hundred acres of \'irgin prairie with 
oxen, and it was not long until the Comes family was regarded as one of 
the most substantial families in the county. 

Nicholas Comes was an ardent Republican and took an active part in 
local political affairs during pioneer days, but was not an office seeker. He 
and his wife were reared as Catholics, but when the priest told Mr. Comes 
to vote for Douglas during the campaign of i860 or incur the penalty of 
excommunication he resented this form of interference with his civil rights, 
voted for Lincoln and discontinued his connection with the mother church. 
he and his wife transferring their connection to the United Brethren, later 
the Presbyterian church. Upon locating in this county they lost little time 
in encouraging the organization of a church of that denomination and in 
the spring of 1877 had the satisfaction of participating in the establishment 
of the Valley Presbyterian church, which ever since has been a power for 
good in that community. The subject of this sketch has a German Bible 
which has been in the family for nearly one hundred and fiftv years. His 
mother, who is still living, now making her home at Burrton, in the neigh- 
boring county of Harvey, past the age of eighty-two. for many years has been 
active in church work and was a ver}- helpful factor in the work of bringing 
about proper social conditions in the communitv in pioneer da^■s. Nicholas 
Comes died in 1893. He and his wife were the parents of eight children, of 
whom the subject of this sketch is the eldest, the others being as follow : 
Joseph, unmarried, proprietor of a meat market in Burrton, over the line in 
Harvey county; Edward, who died in 1895; Mollie, widow of Gus Ouer- 
feld. who makes her home in Lawrence, this state ; Charles, traffic manager 
for the Kansas Milling Company, at Anthony, this state ; Oscar, a railway 
conductor, living in Denver, Colorado; Alma, who married John New and 
is now deceased, and Clyde, who is engaged in the retail meat business with 
his brother. Joseph, at Burrton. 

John W. Comes was reared on the farm in Illinois and received his ele- 

(25a) -n 



386 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

mentary education in the public schools of that neighborhood, supplementing 
the same by a course in the AlcDonough County Normal School, which he 
attended until the spring of 1876. lliat was the spring in which the family 
came to this county and upon his arrival here he secured a position as a 
teacher in the county schools at thirty dollars the month, for two terms con- 
ducting the school in the Lawson district, in the neighborhood of the Comes 
home. He remained at home, assisting in the development of the home 
farm, until he was twenty-live 3-ears of age. He married on December 24, 
1 88 1, and in 1882 moved to Burrton, where, with his brother, Joseph, he 
was engaged in the general merchandise business until 1887, in which year he 
sold his interest in the store and became a locomotive fireman in the employ 
of the Santa I'e Railroad Company, his run being l^etween Newton and 
Dodge City, and was thus employed for seven years, or until the big strike 
of the American Railway Union in June, 1893. In the spring of 1894 he 
returned to the farm and, his father having died the year before, he bought 
half of the original homestead, one hundred and sixty acres, from the other 
heirs and there established his home. He later bought a quarter section 
adjoining on the south and now owns the east half of section t,t,, X^alley 
township, one of the best-kept and most profitably cultivated farms in that 
neighborhood. Upon returning to the farm ^Ir. Comes went in rather exten- 
sively for pure-bred Shorthorn cattle and his stock for years was in wide 
demand for breeding purposes. He is a Democrat and for years has loeen 
actix'e in local politics, having served as township clerk and as township 
treasurer. He was one of the organizers and a director of the Clay-Valley 
'I'elephone Company, an independent organization for the benefit of the farmers 
of the community which it serves, and in other ways has done well his part 
in the general activities of the communit\". In 1912 Mr. Comes erected a 
fine modern dwelling on his farm and all the other ituprcn-ements' on the 
place are in keeping. The "Santa l-e Trail," the main highway through 
Reno county, passes the Conies house, wliich is regarded as being the most 
attractive residence to be seen on tiie trail for twenty-five miles. The house 
is up-to-date in every particular — sleeping porciies, wide enclosed \erandas, 
artistic architectural design, hot and cold water through the house — and is 
designed at every point to insure the comfort of its occupants, the family 
being thus very pleasantly situated. 

On December 24. i88t, John \\'. C^jmes was united in marriage to 
Mary 1".. Hess, who wa> born on March t2. t86i. in Wisconsin, daughter 
of Zachariah and Harriet ( Dodge) Hess, l;oth natives of New York state. 
Zachariah Hess was born in Herkimer cr)unty. New York, December 25, 1829, 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 387 

and (lied on March _'_', H)\C). ]\v orew up in Xcw ^■<)^k state, married 
there and hecame a dairyman, heins^- thus ent^ai^ed until iS'o, in which 
year he moved to Wisconsin, Ijouglit a farm near Janesville. in Rock county, 
that state, and there made his home until 1868. He then mo\ed to Minnesota, 
intending to Imy land in that state, hut did not like the cold winters there 
and moved down into Iowa, \vliere he spent a couple of winters, after 
which he came to Kansas, settling in this county in October, 18/-', and 
entered a homestead in section 18, in Valley township, where he established 
his family, which was thus one of the pioneer families of Reno county. 

To John W. and Mary hL. (Hess) Comes eight children have been 
born, namely: Harriet, a trained nurse, who is the widow of [. F. Mats; 
Helen, who married Harry W. Gibson and lives on a farm on the "Santa Fe 
Trail" in Valley township, this county; Verda, married Kemper Hinds and 
lives on a farm near Hobart, Oklahoma, and they have two children, 
Kemper, Jr.. and Mary I-'".. ; Alma, a trained nurse in the Cook county 
hospital at Cdiicago, and Madge, Edward, Kittie and John, who are still 
at home. Airs. Helen Gibson is a member of the Methodist church. Mr. 
and Mrs. Comes and the other children are members of the Presbyterian 
church, of wdiich Mr. Comes is a deacon. He has been a Mason since 1883. 
a member of the blue lodge at Burrton ; a member of the commanderv at 
Hutchinson and of the consistory, Scottish Masons, and Midian Temple. 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine at Wichita. He 
also is a member of the Modern W^oodmen of America, and in his lodge 
nf^liations takes much interest. 



WU-IJAM H. BURGESS. 

William H. Burgess, a well-known and well-to-do farmer of \A'alnut 
to\\nship. this county, proprietor of a tine farm of one hundred and sixty 
acres three miles west and three miles south of Sterling, and one of the most 
inHuciitial men, politically, in th;it part of the county, is a nati^•e of Ken- 
tucky, born in the city of Henderson, that state, July 26, 1861, son of the 
Rev. J. G. and R. J. (Goyer) Burgess, the former a native of Kentucky 
and the latter of South Carolina, who are now H\ing at C\)luml)ia, Missouri. 

The Re^'. J. G. Burgess has been actively engaged in the Baptist min- 
istr\- since he was twenty-one years of age. He was bc^rn in Franklin 
county, Kentucky, his father. James G. Burgess, also a native of that 



388 RENO COUNTY. KANSAS. 

county. ha\inj4 been a faniicr tlicre ;ill his life. Grandfather Burgess Hved 
to he ninety-eight years old. He was an earnest Baptist and his son was 
early devoted t^ the ministry of that church, being given a li])eral education 
at Bowling Green. Durinu' the Civil War the Rev. J. G. Burgess served as 
a chaplain in the Confederate army, in Cen Joseph E. Johnston's command. 
For some years he was stationed at Henderson, Kentucky, pastor of a church 
at that place, l/Ut not long after the close of the war accepted a call to 
Missouri, where he has H\e(l e\er since, his present home being at Columbia, 
that state. His wife was l)orn near Charleston, South Carolina, daughter 
of Daniel Go}'er. a native of Pennsylvania, who became a well-to-do farmer 
in tlie Charleston neighl)orhood, later moving to luka Springs, in that same 
state, where his last days were spent. To the Rev. J. G. Burgess and wife 
six children were born, of whom the subject of this sketch is the eldest and 
all of whom are li\ing, the others being as follow: Benjamin, J. D., Joseph 
D., Sallie A. and Julia W. 

WilHani H. Burgess was but a child when his parents moved to [Mis- 
souri and his schooling chiefly was obtained at Saline, that state. He became 
a farmer and in 1883 came to Reno county. The next spring he married 
the daughter of one of Reno county's pioneers and began farming on his 
own account, but did ncjt locate on his present farm in section 12 of \A'alnut 
townshi]) until 1898. There he has made his home ever since and has done 
very well in his farming operations, long having been regarded as one of 
the substantia] citizens of that part of the county. In addition to his gen- 
eral farming, Mr. Burgess has given considerable attention to raising live 
stock, making a specialty of Durham cattle and Poland China hogs. Of 
late he has gone in somewhat extensively for Cottswold sheep and sees 
proini.se of profit in that direction. Mr. Burgess is an ardent Democrat and 
ever since coming to this county has taken an active interest in local political 
affairs. Since 1903 he has l)een the Democratic committeeman in his pre- 
cinct and has given hi> mo^t tlionghtful attention to the duties of that posi- 
tion, with the result that his precinct is the banner Democratic i)recinet in 
Walnut townshi]) and Mr. I'urgess has come to l)e recognized as a fore- 
.Hghtcd and astute [xjlitical leader in his comninnit}. He has taken an 
earnest interest in local enterprises generall\ and i^ a stockholder in the 
Farmers h^levator Company at Sterling. .Mr. lUugess has im])ro\e(i liis 
farm in admirable sha]ie and carries on Ins operations according to modern 
methods. In 1905 he erected a comfortable, up-to-date house on his place, 
replacing his former residence, and iti tlie following year 1)uilt his present 
well-equipped barn. 



RKNO COL'NTY, KANSAS. 389 

It w.'is on March j, iScSj, tlial W'iliiam 11. IUir<;css was uiiitccl in mar- 
riage to Martha A. |aoo1)s, who was horn on Jnly _m , 1864, daughter of 
Samuel |acol)s and wife, who came to Reno county in 1S73, and to this 
union one child has hccn hi rn. a son, D. L. P>ur,q"e?s, ];orn on March 2, iS(S,S, 
who is a \alnaljle assistant to his lather in the o])eration of the home farm. 
Air. r)nr,i»"ess is a Mason and a mem1)er of the lirotherhood of American 
Yeomen and in the affairs of hoth of these organizations takes a warm 
interest. 



MONROE COLEMAN. 



Monroe Coleman, a well-kiiown and prosperous farmer and stockman 
of .S}-l\ia t< wn-hip, this county, is a native-born Hoosier, having been born 
on a farm in I 'ike county. Indiana, September 19, 1863, son of Francis 
Henry and kdizabeth (Parker) Coleman, both natives of that same county, 
memhers of pr. >minent pioneer families in that section of the Hoosier state. 

f>ancis H. Coleman was a son of Conrad Coleman, one of the earliest 
settlers in southern Indiana, he luning settled in Pike county in 1806, ten 
years before Indiana was admitted to statehood, emigrating from Kentucky. 
He was a school teacher and became a man of large influence in the pioneer 
community in which he settled. He had the foresight to l;uy up a con- 
siderable tract of "Congress land" while it was selling at one dollar and 
tvventy-hve cents the acre and thus was able to give each of his large family 
of children a farm when they grew up. Francis H. Coleman w'as a good 
farmer and added to his hirthright tract tw-o other adjoining tracts. He 
married Flizaheth Parker, a neighhor girl, daughter of Lorenzo D. and 
Elizaheth Parker, early settlers of that same county, eiuigrants from \'ir- 
ginia. Lorenzo D. Parker's mother lived to be one hundred and four years 
of age. During the Civil War Francis H. Coleman offered his services to 
the Lhiion, enlisting twice, Imt hoth times he was rejected on account of 
physical weakness. He was an ardent Republican and took an active part 
in local ])olitical affairs, ha\ ing served as deputy county treasurer of Pike 
county for some vears. He and his wife were members of the Baptist 
church and were leaders in good works in their community. Mrs. Coleman 
died in 1880, at the age of forty-seven, and Mr. Coleman survived until 
1899, he being sixty-two years of age at the time of his d-eath. They were 
the parents of six children, namely: Lewis, a well-known resident of Sylvia, 
this countv ; Catherine, who married Rol)ert Alontgomery and lives in 



390 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Alfalfa county. C)klahonia ; Monroe, the immediate subject of this biograph- 
ical sketch; juhn. a progressive orchardist, living in Oklahoma; Granville, 
an engineer, of Owensboro, Kentuck}-, and Lawrence, who has been teach- 
ing school in the Philip] linc Islands for years and is now superintendent of 
a district comprising ten schools. 

Monroe Coleman was reared on the paternal farm in southern Indiana, 
receiving his schooling in the district school in the neighborhood of his home 
and assisted his father in the work of the farm until he was twenty vears 
old. at which time, in 1883, he came to Kansas, settling in Chautauqua 
county. In the fall of the next year he married and thereafter was engaged 
as a farm hand (jn various farms in Greeley, Stafiford and Reno counties 
until 190T, in \\hich }-ear he bought a (juarter of a section of unimproved 
land in Syhia tu\\nshi]i, this county, and proceeded to improve the same 
and get it under culti\ation. Mr. Coleman is an energetic and progressive 
farmer and it was not long until he had created a model place and was 
prospering. In addition to his general farming he early began to give 
special attention to the raising of pure-bred Jersey cattle and his registered 
stock long has been in active demand throughout this part of the state. He 
was the first man in his neighborhood to erect a silo on his place and the 
advantage of this form of feeding was so ably demonstrated in his case that 
it was not long before others were following his example. Of late yiv. 
Coleman has been giving his undi\'ided attention to his registered stock, his 
eldest son, John, taking over the active management of the farm, and the 
two form a most effecti\-e combination. The dairy feature of the Coleman 
farm is made much of and the Coleman Jersey cream commands the top 
of the market in Kansas City. In addition to his activities on the farm, 
Mr. Coleman e\er has found time to give a good citizen's attention to public 
affairs. He is a Republican and during his residence in Greeley county 
served very efficiently for two terms as county commissioner in that county. 
Since coming tf) this connty he has done well his part in his home township 
and served for one term as town.ship trustee. 

On September _'5, 1884. Monroe Coleman was united in marriage to 
Marv Sanduskv. who was born in Tike countv, Indiana, daughter of George 
W. and Jane Sandusky, both of whom spent their last days in Greeley 
county, this state, they ha\ ing settled tiiere in 1889, and to this union five 
children have been born, as follow: John. Ijorn on Septemijcr 13. 1885; 
who is now operating his father's farm; Carl and Pearl, twins. July i, 1889, 
the former of whom is a farmer in Hayes township, this county, and the 
latter of whom married Harrv Hall and lives at Downers Grove, Illinois; 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 39 I 

Nellie, July 31, 1895, •'"<' Inez, March 1. 1901, Ijoth at home. Mr. and Mrs. 
Coleman arc members of llic Alclliddist church and ihey and their family 
are heUI in high esteem in Iheir neighl)orhoo(l. ]\lr. Coleman is a member 
of the Masonic lodge at Sylvia, in the affairs of which he takes a warm 
interest. 



FRED WEESNER. 



Fred Weesner, a well-known and enterprising young druggist of 
Hutchinson, this county, is a native Kansan, having been born on a farm 
in the neighborhood of Plymouth, Lyons county, this state, on November 4, 
1877, son of Cyrenius and Rebecca (Allen) Weesner, both of whom are 
now living at Emporia, this state, who came to Kansas in 1868, settling in 
Lyons county, being among the very earliest settlers of that section of the 
state, Indians still being numerous thereabout at that time. In 1888 Cyren- 
ius Weesner and his wife moved from Syracuse, Kansas, to Emporia, where 
they still reside. Despite his eighty-two years of age, Mr. Weesner is a 
rugged and robust man and for the past five years has been in the employ 
of the Santa Fe Railroad Company at that point. He and his wife are the 
parents of nine children living, five of wdiom live in Emporia, and four of 
their children are deceased. 

Fred Weesner grew up on the paternal farm in Lyons county, receiving 
his elementary education in the local schools of his home neighborhood, 
which he supplemented by a course in the Kansas State Normal at Emporia, 
during wdiich he ])aid particular attention to the study of chemistry, fol- 
lowing which he entered the Ryder drug store at Emporia, one of the pio- 
neer commercial concerns of that place, and for seven years was there 
engaged as a clerk, acquiring a thorough accjuaintance with the drug busi- 
ness. In 1 90 1 Mr. Wessner came to this county, locating at Hutchins, 
where he entered the "A. & A." drug store and in a few years became a 
stockholder in that concern, remaining w-ith the same for a period of thir- 
teen years, at the end of which time he sold his interests in the store and on 
Julv 16, 1914, opened a new drug store under the name of Fred \Veesner 
& Company at 126 North Main street, where he ever since has been engaged 
in business and where they carry a full and complete line of drugs and 
druggists' sundries, maintaining a very neat and up-to-date store. 

On October 14, 1903, Fred Weesner was united in marriage to Jessie 
C. Grotv, who was born in South Carolina, but who came to Kansas w-hen 



392 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

a child with hor iiarcnts. who settled in Lyons county, W'here she grew to 
womanhood, and to this union four chilch'en have been born, Frederick, 
born in 1904; Kenneth G., Kathryn and Christine. The Weesners have a 
very pleasant and comfortable home at 807 Xorth Washington street. Mr. 
and ^frs. ^^'cesner are members of the Christian church and take a warm 
interest in tlie jjromotion of all good works hereabout. 

'Slv. Weesner is a Republican and gives a good citizen's attention to the 
political affairs of the city and count)-. He is a ]Mason, a member of the 
bdue lodge and the chapter of that order at Hutchinson, and has taken part 
of the work of the consistory at Wichita, on the way to his elevation to the 
thirty-second degree of ^Masonry. He also is a member of the AVoodmen 
and of the Fraternal Aid Association. ]\lr. Weesner is one of the progres- 
sive young business men of Flutchins and is an active and earnest partici- 
pant in all movements haxing to do with the promotion of the best interests 
of the communitv. 



ALEXANDER ^lORRIS SWITZER 



-V. 



Alexander ^L Switzer, a former county commissioner, well-known and 
prosperous retired farmer, who enjoys the distinction of ha\ing been the 
first settler of Lincoln township, this county, founder of the town of Yoder, 
where he has been engaged in the merchandise business since 1905 and 
whose wife has been postmistress of that ^■illage since that year, is a native 
of Ohio, having been born nn a farm in Tuscarawas county, that state, on 
March 7, 1849. son of John and PLlizabeth (Anderson) Switzer, the former 
a native of Switzerland and the latter of Ireland, lioth of win mi came to 
the United States wdth their respective parents in childhood. 

John Switzer was a member of one of the most prominent families in 
Switzerland. He w-as born in Berne and his father, who was (|uite well-to-do, 
was a brother of President Switzer, one of the most noted nf the chief 
executives of the repul)lic of Switzerland. Uj^on coming to this country, 
the elder Switzer located in Ohio and became a substantial farmer of 
Tuscarawas county, where he and his wife spent their last da}s. John 
Switzer was reared on the farm there .and learned the trade of shoemaking 
and harness making. Tn 1866 he moved to Coshocton count)-, same state, 
where he bought a two-hundred acre farm, on which lie established his 
home, working his farm during the summers and working at his bench 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 393 

during the winters. His first wife, Elizabeth ( An(lcrs(jn ) Switzer, died 
in i860, at the age of thirty-three, leaving seven children, and John Switzer 
married, secondly, Anna Cotterley, to which union eight children were 
born. Of Alexander M. Sw^itzer's full brothers and sisters, three are now 
living, Robert, the eldest, wdio lives in Stark county, Ohio ; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Hardstein, of Coshocton county, Ohio, and Gliomas, who lives on the old 
home place in that same county. John Switzer died in 1876, al the age of 
hfty-one. He was a member of the Lutheran church and reared his famih- 
in the faith of that communion. 

Alexander ^1. Switzer was reared on the home farm in Tuscarawas 
county, Ohio, receiving an excellent education in the district school in the 
neighborhood of his home. When the Civil War l^roke out his father 
enlisted with the "hundred-day" men, Imt was unable to get away with 
his company and Alexander, though then barely fifteen years of age went 
as his substitute, enlisting in Company D, One Hundred and Sixty-first 
Regiment, Ohio \^olunteer Infantry, with which he served until the close 
of the hundred-days service, at the end of which time he re-enlisted in 
Company A, One Hundred and Eighty-fifth Regiment, Ohio X'^olunteer 
Infantrv, with which he served until the close of the war. During his 
service with the first-named regiment he was attached to the Army of the 
Shenandoah and during his latter period of service was attached to the 
Army of the Tennessee, being mainly engaged in keeping down the gueril- 
las. During the Shenandoah campaign the raw regiment was sent into the 
Allegheny mountains and as the commissary department of the army had 
not at that time attained a very high state of efficiency, the boys nearly 
starved, for days at a time being compelled to subsist wholly on mountain 
corn. 

At the close of his military service, Alexander M. Sw'itzer returned 
to Tuscarawas county, Ohio, and on ]^ larch 21, 1866, was united in marriage 
to Jennie Nee, who was born and reared in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, and 
in that same rear he moved to Champaign county, Illinois, where he rented 
a farm, makino- his home in the little town of Tolono, where he bought a 
piece of property, and there lived until the spring of 1872. at which time 
he and his little family and Eugene Deburn and wife, drove through to 
Kansas, settlino- in Reno count v, where Alexander Al. Switzer homesteaded 
a quarter of a section of land in Lincoln township, the same being the 
southeast quarter of section 2, locating there on April 17, 1872, the very 
first settler in that township and one of the very earliest in the county, for 
the county had only been opened to settlement the }-ear before. Mr. Switzer 



394 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

constructed a sod shanty on the plain and there he and his wife and their 
small children made their home. In June following a heavy rain washed 
away their S(.)d shant}- and Air. Switzer then drove to Newton, thirty-live 
miles away, and procured a load of lumber which he hauled back, ferrying 
the boards across the Arkansas river, and constructed a ten by twelve frame 
shack, in which he and his family lived until conditions became more 
favorable for the erection of a suitable residence. W'hen C. C. Hutchinson 
laid out a string of town plats directly south of Hutchinson in 1872, includ- 
ing Castleton, Kingman and others, ]\Ir. Switzer marked the line by plowing 
a furrow twelve miles long straight south to the point which later became 
Castleton, thus establishing the trail. A company of United States cavalry 
came along soon afterward and followed the furrow, thus making a good 
trail. As the troop approached Mr. Switzer's house he discerned them 
coming afar off over the plain and, mistaking" the soldiers for a band of 
Indians on the war path, shivered- at the thought of the possible fate of his 
helpless family. To this day Mr. Switzer declares that his hair literally 
stood on end when he first discerned the troop and before he disco\-ered 
that the horsemen were not redskins. 

-Mr. Switzer prospered in his farming operations, becoming one of the 
most substantial and useful men in his community, and his home was well 
established when, in 1884, his wife died. To their union five children were 
born, of whom but one is now living, Percy E., born in 1871, now superin- 
tendent of the Savage Tire Manufacturing Compan}- at San Diego, 
California, who married Carrie Osborn and has three children. Earl, Ettatha 
and Mary. Lawrence P. Switzer, born in 1868, died in June, 191 1, at Seattle, 
Washington, where he had l)een for some time engaged as superintendent 
of the construction force of a large ])ridge erecting compan}-. The other 
three children died in infancy. Charlotte at the age of eighteen months. Clar- 
ence at the age of eight months and ]\Iorris at the age of six weeks. 

Dn January 18, 1885. .\lexander M. Switzer married, secondly, Anna 
Ingham, who was born in the town of Beckett, in Massachusetts, daughter 
of William M. and .Sarah (Hopkins) Ingham, wlio emigrated from the 
East to Kansas during territorial days out here, settling at Tecumseh. Tn 
the fall of 1871 W'ilbam M. Ingham and faniil\- ni(i\cd from Tecumseh to 
Hutchin.son and in the latter city .Mr. Ingham limit a store building on the 
west side of the main street, just four doors mirlli of where the h'irst 
National Bank now stands, and opened a grocery store as a partnership 
concern, under the firm name of Norman & Ingham. Tn those days the chief 
"natural product of the s<iil" hereabout was buffalo hides and bones and of the 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 395 

former product IMr. Ingham iKiught carload after carload during the early 
days. Air. Ingham continued in business at Hutchinson until 1894, in 
which }-ear he and his wife moxed to Shawnee, Oklahoma, where they are 
now living retired, the former at the age of eighty- four and the latter, 
seventy- four. 

Alexander M. Switzer was a progressive farmer and early became a 
leader in his neighborhood. He set out seventy acres of fruit orchard and 
made a success of his fruit culture in addition to carrying on the general 
work of the farm with nuich success, and raised the hrst strawberries 
grown in Reno county. From the very first he took an active part m the 
county's civic affairs and in the fall of 1878 was elected county commiss- 
ioneer from his district, ser\'ing in that important capacity for a period of 
six years, during which time the iron bridge was erected across the Arkansas 
river. At the end of his second term in 1885 Mr. Switzer was presented 
by the citizens of the county with a handsome gold watch valued at one 
hundred and twenty-five dollars, as a mark of their appreciation of his valu- 
able public services. In 1896 he was the candidate of the Republican party for 
the office of state senator from this senatorial district, but went down with the 
rest of the ticket in the populistic "tidal wave" which swept over Kansas 
in that memorable year. For many years he served his party as precinct 
committeeman and further served the public as township treasurer and as 
justice of the peace, in which latter capacity he ser\'ed for twelve years. 

In 1905 Mr. Switzer sold his farm to advantage and, not being content 
to retire, bought a store which had been opened at a point on the railroad 
now known as Yoder, the "town" then consisting of the said store and one 
dwelling house. In that same year Mrs. Switzer was made postmistress 
of Yoder, a position which she still holds, and both proceeded to "Iwom" 
the place. The next year, 1906, Mr. Switzer platted the village and a 
considerable sale of lots followed, the village now ha\ing a population of 
about seventy-five, with a most promising future, Mr. Switzer being the 
chief merchant of the town, which, as a result of his persistent representa- 
tions to he railroad company now has a railroad station and is quite distinctly 
"on the map." In the fall of 1914 when Lincoln township was divided, 
Mr. Switzer led in the fight to ha\-e the new township named Yoder town- 
ship and he won his contention, his own town of \'oder now being situated 
in the township of the same name. It was also through Mr. Switzer's 
efforts that the Farmers State Bank of Yoder was organized antl he is the 
vice-president and a director of that concern. 

To Alexander M. and Anna ( Ingham) Switzer two children have been 



396 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

born, daughters both, Gladys, born on Xoxember 29, 1890, who marritd 
Roland F. Brock and lives in Hutchinson, and Ethel, August 18, 1896, a 
teacher in the Reno county public schools. ^Ir. and Airs. Switzer are mem- 
bers of the Harmony Baptist church and take a warm interest in the affairs 
of that organization, as well as in all good works in their community, and are 
held in hio-h esteem throughout that section oi the count\-, where thev are so 
well known. In the earlier days of his residence in this countv. Mr. Switzer 
was a Methodist and he hauled the .sand for the construction of the first 
Methodist church erected in Hutchinson. For sixteen years he was super- 
intendent of the Sunday school held in the Fairview school house in Lincoln 
township and was one of the county's most active Sunday school workers. 
Mr. Switzer is a member of Joe Hooker Post, Grand Army of the Republic, 
at Hutchinson and is a thirty-second-degree Mason, a member of the blue 
lodge of that order at Hutchinson, of the commandery at the same place 
and of the consistory of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite ]Masons at 
Wichita, as well as a member of jMidlan Temple, Ancient Arabic Order, 
Xobles of the Alystic Shrine, in the latter city, in the affairs of all of which 
divisions of Masonry he takes a warm interest. 



LIEUT. MARTI?\ HOAGLAXD. 

Lieut. Alartin Hoagland, an. honored veteran of the l'i\il War. one of 
the earliest pioneers of Reno county, a homesteader of 1871 ; former street 
commissioner of Hutchinson, who for \-cars past has lived comfortably and 
pleasantly retired in Hutchinson, e\cr tlioughtfully concerned in the advance- 
ment of the affairs of the comnuinit\ at iarge. is a native of Illinois, l)Ut 
has been a resiflent of Kansas since 1871, in which year he came to this 
county and became one of the organizers of \^allcy township, being elected 
first townshi]) trustee. He drove through from his old home in Illinois, 
bringing with him, l)esides his household good's and some essential farming 
implements, some fine chickens and tlu'ce i)m-e-bred Berkshire hogs. Lieu- 
tenant Hoagland has always maintained thai he never suffered any pioneer 
hardships, but tliat is believed to be merely an exjiression of ])ioneer modesty, 
for it is doubtful if any of the real "old-timers" hereabout escaped the hard- 
ships common to the days of the grasshopper scourge and the burning winds 
and the withering droughts. Before coming here he had saved some money 
and was thus able, however, to tide over the period of losses of crops and 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 39/ 

all save hope in the early seventies. It is eertain that many there were who 
were i^ratefnl to liini in those tryinj^- (la\-s for material assistance which 
enahled them t(j "])nll throuijh" and preserve their homestead claims in the 
face of adversities which wonid have daunted any hut the true ])ioneer 
hreed of men. lM)r xears Lieutenant Hoagland was master of the local 
(iraui^'e and one of the most inHuential agriculturists in this region. Upon 
nioxing to town he contiiuied taking a prominent part in affairs and for 
some time ser\ed as commissioner of the city's streets and also f(jr two 
terms as city police judge. In 1888 he erected three houses in the hlock in 
which he ]i\es in Hutchinson and in one of these, 216 Fifth avenue, West, 
has since made his home. 

Martin Hoagland was horn on a farm adjoining the corporation line, 
of the town of Bardolph, in JNIcDonough county, Illinois, December r8, 
1843, son of Oakey and Emily (Collins) Hoagland, the former of whom 
w^as born in Kentucky, son. of Oakey M. and Ellen (Batterton) Eloagland. 
Oakey M. Hoagland, a native of Scotland, came to this country in his 
youth and was married in Kentucky. To him and his wife live children 
were born, those besid.es the father of the subject of this sketch ha\ing 
been Belle B.. who married T. J. Creel, a merchant, of Bardolph, Illinois, 
for many years postmaster of that place; Kate, who married George 
McCabe, of Gibson City, Illinois; Michael H., wdio went to the Pacific coast 
in 1849, enlisted in the United States army in 1861 in Oregon, saw much 
arduous service and met his death in a terrible storm while acting as an 
escort to the United States mail, and Prof. B. S. Hoagland. who for years 
was manager of the Kansas Musical Jubilee at Hutchinson. 

Oakley Hoagland was liorn at Erankfort. Kentucky, April i, 1803, 
About 1836 he moved to Beardstow^n, Illinois, wdiere for three years he was 
prc;prietor of a general store. He then moved to Bardolph, same state, 
where for eight hundred dollars he bought a hc'ilf section of land adjoining 
the corporation line and there established his home. He was one of the 
organizers of the Presbyterian church at Bardolph and for years served as 
an elder of the same. He died on July 15, 1875. To him and his second 
wife, who was Emily Collins, a native of Connecticut, three children were, 
born, of wdiom the subject of this sketch was the youngest, the others being 
Oakev ]\I., a veteran of the Civil War, member of Company I, Eifty-seventh 
Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and \\'illie, who died at the age of 
twelve years. 

Martin Hoagland was reared on the home farm in Illinois and supple- 
mented the schooHng- he obtained in the local schools ]\v a two-years' course 



398 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

in Branch's Academy at Alacumh and two years at the i'rairie City 
Academy. On December 5, 1861, he then 1)eing not quite eighteen years 
old. he enlisted in Company I, Fittv-seventh Regiment, Illinois V'^okmteer 
infantry, with which he served until the close of the Civil War. Going out 
as a CLirporal lie was gradually promoted until he was commissioned first 
lieutenant of his company and at the Grand Review at Washington at the 
close of the war was in command of a company. The Fifty-seventh Illi- 
nois saw much acti\ity and Lieutenant Hoagland was in the thick of it all, 
several times having ver}- narrow escapes from death, but he came through 
Avithout serious ^vounds. Once he was thrown to the ground by the con- 
cussion of a large shell bursting near his head, his left ear being rendered 
useless bv the force of the shock. Another time a musket ball carried aw^ay 
one of his knuckles ; his watch in his waistcoat pocket once saved him from 
being pierced b\- a bullet and another time he was saved by the stock of his 
srun, which he was carrvino- front and which w'as struck bv a bullet. 

Upon the completion of his military service Lieutenant Hoagland 
returned to his home in Illinois and began farming, presently buying an 
eighty-acre farm west of Bardolph. On No\ember 26, 1867, he was united 
in marriage to Emma Evans, a school teacher, who was born in Ohio and 
who was teaching school in the Bardolph neighborhood. Early in 1871 
Lieutenant Hoagland disposed of his interests in Illinois and came to Kansas, 
locating in Reno county. He entered a homestead claim in section 30, 
Valley township, and there erected a frame building a story and a half 
high, sixteen l)y twenty-four feet, which, with twenty-lA'c dollars in money, 
six months' provisions and the household goods, was whisked out of sight 
by a cyclone on May 15, 1873. In the house erected to take the place of 
the missing domicile the Hoaglands li\cd for three years and then Lieuten- 
ant HfAigland erected a substantial ])rick-lincd dwelling, which served as a 
residence for him and his family until his retireiucnt from the farm. Lieu- 
tenant Hoagland was an excellent farmer and it was not long until he was 
looked upon as one of the nio^t substantial and imlucnliai roidcnts of that 
part of the county. Upon tiie organization mi' \ 'alk'\- townshi]) he was elected 
township trustee and in that capacit\ <lid nuich for the adxanccmcnt of the 
common interest thereabout. When the Grange was organized he took a 
prominent part in the affairs of that organization and for years was master 
of the .same. In the fall of 187J he brought to this county a carload of 
voung trees from Illinois, thus l)eing the first man to introduce nursery 
.stock into Reno county, and his exam])le in that direction, quickly followed 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 399 

by others, was of incalculable henerit to the comninnity. He set out a ten- 
acre orchard autl demonstrated the adaptahilit}- of the soil hereabout to fruit 
culture; in icSjy beini;- awarded seventeen premiums on his fruit at the Reno 
count)- fair. lie also engaged e\tensi\ely in the breeding of pure-bred 
Berkshire hogs and did much toward getting a good strain of swine intrij- 
duced among the ])ioneers of this county. For eighteen years he was a 
member of tiie school board. 

In 1883 Lieutenant Hoagland began buying grain for C. B. Myton at 
Windom and continued thus engaged until the death of Ml*. Myton, after 
which he moved to Hutchinson and bought the Central restaurant, which 
then stood at the present site of the A. & A. drug store. A year later he 
bought the old Ohio House, then a popular hotel, and a year later bought 
an interest, v;ith \V. R. Morrison, in the Queen City meat market. Three 
years later he went with the Hutchinson Meat Packing Company as superin- 
tendent of the delivery department of that concern. In 1898 Martin Hoag- 
land was elected a member of the Plu.tchinson city council and served two 
terms in that capacity. Jn k)oo he was appointed to the office of street 
commissioner and in that capacity rendered excellent service. He later 
served two terms as city police judge and in other ways has done his part 
in the public service. Lieutenant Hoagland is a life-long Republican and 
for vears has been regarded as one of the leaders of that party in the county. 
1m )r twenty-six years Lieutenant Hoagland served as the local corre- 
spondent for the agricultural department at W^ashington and for eighteen 
years was correspondent to the Orange Judd Farmer from this section. He 
is past commander of Joe Llooker Post No. 17, Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, and has filled every office in that patriotic organization, for years serving 
as quartermaster. He is a charter member of Reno Lodge No. 140, Ancient 
Free and -Vccepted Masons, and of the local lodge of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen and for eight years was treasurer of the local organi/:a- 
tinn of the Knights and Ladies of Security. 

To Lieutenant and Mrs. Hoagland eight children have been born, as 
follow: AValter B., one of the proprietors of the b^orsythe-Hoagland cioth- 
iny- store at Hutchinson; Arthur C, manager of that store; \V. Louis, who 



'e-i 



was p-raduated from the Medical Universitv of Kansas Citv in i8t)g and is 
now physician for the Central Coal and Coke Company at Carsons, Louisi- 
ana; David R., an employee of the Adams Express Company at St. Louis; 
Olive C., a graduate of the Chicago Conservatory of Alusic. who married 
H. A. Lloyd, proprietor of an amusement park at Law^ton, Oklahoma; 
Nellie, a graduate of the high school at Hutchinson, now a teacher in the 



400 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

public schools of that city: Rose, who died in her graduating year, in 
1899, and Floy, who received an excellent musical education and is now a 
teacher of music at Hutchinson, making her home with her parents. 



AIRS. ELIZABETH SKEEX. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Skeen, widow of the late William Aloore Skeen, and the 
proprietor of a well-kept and profitably cultivated farm on the edge of 
Brandy lake in \'alley township, this county, has been a resident of Reno 
county since 1S85 and is one of the best-known women in that part of the 
county in which she has long resided. 

Elizabeth W'arlow was born on a pioneer farm near the town of Dan vers, 
in McLean county. Illinois, daughter of Jonathan and Catherine (Hay) 
W'arlow. the former of whom was born in Alassachusetts in 1814 and the 
latter in Kentucky, January 3, 18 12. Jonathan Warlow when a lad moved 
with his parents from Massachusetts to Ohio, where his youth was spent.. 
In 1834. he then being twenty years of age. he pushed on West and becjame 
one of the earliest settlers of AIcLean county, Illinois, at that time entering 
a tract of "Congress land" there which is still in the family name. In 1835 
the family of Catherine Hay moved from the Hopkinsville ( Kentucky) 
neighborhood and settled in AIcLean county. Catherine Hay then being a 
young wom.an. She and Jonathan \\'arlow were presently married and 
early became regarded as among the most substantial and influential residents 
of that community. Jonathan W'arlow prospered in his farming operations 
and became quite wealthy, adding to his land holdings in AlcLean county 
until he was the owner of five hundred acres of land there, besides a farm 
of two hundred and forty acres in this county, which he ])ought in the early 
eighties. He was a Democrat and was influential in the political life of his 
communitv. He and his wife were earnest members of the Christian church. 
which he served as an elder for many years and he als(^ was superintendent 
of the Sunday school for sixteen years. Jonathan W'arluw died in 1900. 
His wife had predeceased him alxmt fifteen years, her death having occurred 
in 1885. They were the parents of six children, namely: George L., a 
prominent lawyer of Fresno, California, which city has been his place 
of residence since 1888: Elizabeth, the immediate subject of this biographical 
sketch ; Mary, who married Jesse Brainard, now living retired at Hutchinson, 
this county, a biographical sketch of whom is presented elsewhere in this 







s: 



X 




X 



O 
O 




V. 

y. 










v. 



y. 



KKXO COrNTV, KANSAS. 401 

\n)liiinc; C'clia, who married George L. Juhnsoii and died at i'resno, Calil(jr- 
nia, in 1913; ]Mrs. Delia Rowell, a widow, now living at l'>esno, California, 
and Ida, who married Harvey Abbotts (now deeeased ) and c<jntinues to 
make her home on the old Warlow home place in McLean county, Illinois. 

b^lizabeth Warlow was reared on the home farm near Danvers, Illinois, 
receiving her elementary education in the local schools, which she supple- 
mented by a course in Eureka College, from which she Avas graduated, after 
which she began teaching school in her home county, continuing, however, 
to make her home with her parents, and was thus engaged to the time of 
her marriage on December 25, 1879, to William Moore Skeen, of Blooming- 
ton, Illinois. It was a double wedding at the old Warlow home that Christmas 
Day, Elizabeth Warlow's sister, Ida, and Harvey Abbots being united in 
marriage at the same time. William M. Skeen was born in Downingtown, 
Pennsylvania, and when he was sixteen years old accompanied his parents 
to Bloomington, Illinois, where he grew to manhood. Following their 
marriage Mr. and Mrs. Skeen hade their home on the latter' s parents farm for 
about five years, at the end of which time, in 1885, they came to Reno county 
and took charge of Mr. Warlow's two hundred and forty acre farm in 
Valley township, arriving there on April 2 of that year, and there William 'M. 
Skeen spent the rest of his life, his death occurring on February 7, 1906, he 
then being sixty-seven years of age, having been born on March 2y, 1839. 
His widow continues to reside there, she ha\'ing inherited eighty acres of 
the original tract at the time of her father's death, and is very pleasantly 
situated. Brandy lake washes her farm on the east and in early days the fine 
grove on her place was a popular picnic-ground. 

Mr. and Mrs. Skeen had no children, but they reared from childhood 
William W. McCandless, who, with his family, makes his home with 'Sirs. 
Skeen and operates her farm, besides renting a considerable tract of adjoin- 
ing land, which he cultivates quite profitably. William W. INIcCandless was 
born in Kentucky, May 4, 1876, son of James McCandless and wife, the latter 
of whom was a Mitchell, and was a babe in arms when his parents came to 
Kansas in 1877. The family settled near the town of Raymond, where 
James McCandless was engaged as foreman of the local section of the Santa 
Fe railroad. In 1884 Mrs. McCandless died and her bereaved husband sent 
his children back to Kentucky, where they remained with kinsfolk until his 
marriage two years later, after which they were returned to Kansas. These 
children were as follow: Claud, a farmer of this county: Gaither, section 
foreman for the Santa Fe Railroad Company at Raymond, in the neighbor- 
(26a) 



402 REXO COLXTY. KANSAS. 

ing county of Rice; Minnie, who married O. W. Bottorf and lives at Fresno, 
California, and William \\'., who. in 1891. he then being fifteen years of 
age, was taken into the Skeen home, which he ever since has regarded as 
home, although he has been away for considerable periods at \arions times. 
In April. 1899, he enlisted in the Fifth Cavalry, United States Army, for 
service in Porto Rico, and served for three years with the army. In 1902 
he re-enlisted, this time in the Twelfth Lnited States Infantry, and served 
for three years with the army in the Philippines, being mustered out in 
June, 1905. Since the death of Air. Skeen in 1906 he has been operating 
the Skeen farm and is doing very well. Air. McCandless, when sixteen 
years of age, saved a man from drowning in Brandy lake, while many people 
were boating. The man had gone under twice, and Air. AlcCandless, having 
presence of mind, went out to him in a boat and rescued him as he went down 
the third time. -Vll the newspapers lauded him on his brave act. 

On July 24, 191 1, William W. McCandless was united in marriage to 
Cora Mae Reed, who was born in Camden count}-, Alissouri, February 20, 
r886, daughter of George and Sarah (Seaton) Reed, the former a native of 
Illinois and the latter of low-a, who now live on a farm in Clay township, this 
county, where they ha\e made their home since 1909, and to this union one 
child has been born, a son, James Earl, born on April 5, 1912. 



FRANK A. AIARTIN. 



Frank .\. Martin, one of the best-known, most progressive and most 
substantial ranchmen of Syhia township, this county, former mayor of the 
town of Sylvia, who has witnessed the development of Reno county and 
the region hereabout since ])ioneer days, and who in the summer of 191 5 
movefl into a splendid country house on his great ranch, a striking contrast 
to the sod shanty on the plain, in which he established his home upon set- 
ting up for himself in Sylvia township, is a native of Illinois, having been 
born on a farm in Piatt county, that state, January 15. 1861, son of Daniel 
Louis and Jane ( Snyder) Martin, the former a nati\e of Xew \ ork state 
and the latter of Ohio. 

Daniel L. Alartin moved, as a boy, with his parents from New York 
lo Ohio and in the latter state he grew to manhood and married. In 1850 
he and his bride emigrated to Illinois, locating in Piatt county, where Air. 
Alartin homesteaded a quarter of a section of land and established his home. 



RKNO CorXTY, KANSAS. 403 

In iShi Ik' c;ili>lcrl a> a private in Company M, ( )ik' llundrcd and Seventh 
Reginiuil, Illinois XOlnnlcer Infantry, with which he served valorously 
during- th.c C"i\il War nntil he met a soldier's fate at the haltle of iM-anklin, 
Tennessee, liein^- killed cjnrinj;- that engagement on Xovemher 30, 1864, 
his widow antl children heing thns hereft of a kind hnshand and indulgent 
father. There were six of these children, namely: William Andrew, who 
lives at W'aldron, this state; Daniel, who died at his home in Stafford 
comity, this state, on Ahirch 28, 1908; Elizabeth jane, who married Andrew' 
J. Dair and died at her home in this county in 1882; xAbigail. widow of 
Martin Sims, of Stafford county; Frank A., the immediate subject of this 
biographical sketch, and Mary Alice, who married Sam B. Hammond, of 
Reno Hill, in Reno county, lioth of whom are now deceased. 

After the death of her soldier husband in 1864 Mrs. Martin disposed 
of her interests in Piatt county, Illinois, and with her six small children 
returned to the h.omc of her father. Mary Snyder, in Scioto countv. Ohio, 
where, in 1873. she married, secondly, W. P. Stockham, who came to 
Kansas with his family in 1876, arriving in the neighboring county of 
Stafford on h>bruary 22, of that year. Mr. Stockham homesteaded a tract 
of land on the Reno county line in section 2, of Fairview township, Staft'ord 
county, and there established his home on the plains, he and his family thus 
becoming- counted among the earliest settlers of that section. Mrs. Stock- 
ham died there on March 2, 1893, at the age of sixty-four, and Mr. Stock- 
ham then went to Nebraska, where his death occurred a few vears later. 
Frank A. Alartin was about three years old when his father was 
killed in battle and he s])ent his boyhood on the farm of his grandfather 
in Ohio. recei\ing his education in the neighboring district school. He 
was fifteen years old when the family came to this state and he grew to 
manhood on the homestead place on the Reno county line, over in Stafford 
county, li\ing in one of the few frame houses in that section at that time. 
When he arrixed there there was not another house within sight of their 
homestead in any direction and no school anywhere near, the hrst school 
in that district being a subscription school organized by the neighbors who 
later came in. the pupils receiving their instructions seated on rude benches 
placed in the Stockham granary. During the days of Frank A. Martin's 
young- manhood there still were numerous Indians hereabout, though no 
hostile bands. For the first few years one of the "chief products of the 
soil" was Imffalo bones, and as ''ready money"' was might}- scarce here- 
about then Afr. Martin was glad to gather up the bones oft' the ])lains and 
IkuiI them bv ox-team to Hutchinson, thirtv-five miles awa\-. where he 



404 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

received six dollars a ton for the same. While thtis engaged, he cleared 
the site of the present flourishing city of Piatt of the bones lying there- 
about. The nearest market fur the family then was Sterling, thirty-three 
miles away. 

^Ir. ]^lartin remained at home until his marriage in 1882, after which he 
homesteaded the northeast quarter of section 6 in Sylvia township, this 
county, constructed a sod shant\' on the plain and there established his 
bride, lie was successftil in his farming operations, in addition to his grain 
farming going in rather extensively for cattle raising, keeping his herds on 
the open range, and after having improved his place sold out to advantage 
in 1888 and for a short time made his home in Stafford county. He then 
returned to Sylvia township and bought section 17 in that township, later 
buying the east half of section 19, and is now established there, the owner 
of nine hundred and sixty acres of as good land as lies in Reno county. 
During all his farming career Mr. Martin has been heavily engaged in cattle 
raising and has prospered as a cattleman. He also puts out about five 
hundred acres of wheat each year and is regarded as one of the most sub- 
stantial ranchmen in his section of the county. In 1900 Mr. Martin retired 
from the farm for a season and removed to Sylvia, where he built a hotel, 
which he operated for a couple of years and then sold. He then organized 
the Farmers' Telephone Company at Sylvia and for fi\e years was manager 
of that concern. He also is a stockholder of the Citizens' State Bank of 
Sylvia and is the custodian of all the valuable papers belonging to that 
institution. I le also is one of the directors of the Farmers' Elevator Com- 
pany at Sylvia and in other ways has shov n his interest in the general 
enterprises of his local commnnit\-. Shortly after moxing to Syl\-ia Mr. 
Martin was elected mayor 01' the town, in which capacity he served for 
one term. He also rendered pubHo ser\ice as a member of the city council 
for four vears, being elected on llie Democrat ticket. In 191 5 ^Ir. Martin 
built a line new modern county house < m liis farm two and one-half miles 
west of S>'lvia and in April m" that year moved into the same, now l)eing as 
comfortably situated as an \ one thereabout. 

On June 1 _\ 18S2, I'rank A. .Martin was united in marriage to Dena 
Kreie, who was born in .\liss<iuri, daughter of Conrad iind Henrietta Kreie, 
natives of Germany, who was settled in ^Missouri, later coming to this 
countv, and t" this union six children ha\"e l)een burn, as follow : Mabel 
Blanche, who married Ora E. Eichelberger and lives at Sylvia; Grover 
Cleveland, who is managing a part of his father's farm; Guy E., who also 



RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 405 

ni:ina,q"es aiioihcr pai'l of his frithcr's farm; Jessie Jane, who married Oscar 
l\. White and H\es in Woodward connty, Oklahoma; 1!. Alhert, a student 
in. the county hii^h scliool at Nickerson, and Daniel C,"., also iu school. The 
Martins e\-er luu'e taken a warm interest in the social affairs of their com- 
munit\- and the family is held in the hi_q;hest esteem by all. Mr. Martin 
is a memher of tlie .Masonic fraternity, in the affairs of which he takes an 
active interest. 



CHARLES H. BUSH. 



Charles H. Bush, traveling salesman for the Grovier Produce Com- 
pany, of Hutchinson, Kansas, and a member of that firm, was born in 
Salem. Ohio, May 29, 1866, being a son of David W. and Margaret J. 
(Halliday) Bush. David W. Bush was born in Ohio, September 16, 1844, 
and was a farmer. In 1870 he left Ohio and w^ent to Iowa, locating in 
Taylor county, where he homesteaded a claim of one hundred and sixty 
acres and lived for a number of years. His death occurred in Denver, 
Colorado, in October, 1906. Margaret J. (Halliday) Bush was a native of 
Pennsylvania, born on March 14, 1842, and is still living on the old home- 
stead in Taylor county, Iowa. The father was born in Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 15, 1817, and died on December 28. 1875. Her mother was born 
in Pennsylvania, March 14. 1818. and died on September 5. 1909. 

Charles H. Bush is one of a family of six children, the others being 
as follow: Minnie, who w^as born in Ohio, April 3, 1868, died in Ohio in 
1869; Franklin V., born in Ohio, January 29, 1870, married Alma Stroud, 
Deceml)er 7. 1904, is now a farmer on the original homestead with his 
mother in Taylor county, Iowa; Vesta Lydia, born in Iowa. May 26. 1873, 
is a teacher in the pul)lic schools of the state of Washington; Lawrence A., 
born in Lnva, C)ctober 10. 1877, married Elnora Huss, Octolj^sr 12, 1904. 
is also a farmer in Taylor county, Iowa; Mary B., who married Ernest M. 
Posten, November 20, 1902, lives in Taylor county, Iowa, wdiere her bus- 
hand is engaged in farming. 

Charles H. Bush received his elementary education in the common 
schools located near his home in Iowa and later attended the Western 
Normal Colles-e at Shenandoah, Lnva. He studied there during the years 
of 1884-5-6, bemg graduated in the latter year after having com- 
pleted his studies in shorthand, typewriting and book-keeping. He came to 
Hutchinson, Kansas, h^ebruary 8, 1887, and accei)ted a clerkship in the law 



406 RENO COUNTY, KANSAS. 

offices of George A. \'an(le\er and F. L. Martin, remaining with those 
gentlemen for two years. He next was in the office of E. E. Barton, 
president of the luirton SaU Company, remaining there about two and one- 
half years. He ne.xt entered tiie office of the Hutchinson Packing Company, 
wiih will 'in he remained eight years and he then became associated with 
the Sentney Wholesale Grocery Company, remaining in that connection for 
twelve and one-half years. Through some of his lousiness connections, Mr. 
Bush had become acquainted with the Grovier Produce Company, of Great 
Bend, this state, and at his suggestion that company established a branch 
office in Hutchinson on Jnne 2, 1913, Mr. Bush being made manager of 
this branch, in latter years he resigned as manager to become a traveling 
salesman in their employ. The business has grown to such proportions 
throughout this section that the Hutchinson office is now the home office 
and the original office but a branch. Mr. Bush has become a member of 
the firm and largely through his efforts the business has grown to its present 
proportions. They deal in general country produce and the firm has fur- 
nished an outlet for much of the produce of this section, which would not 
be handled otherwise. 

In the latter ])art of the year 1893, ^vhen land values were low, Charles 
H. Bush, with the assistance of B. A\'. Underwood, manager of the Hutchin- 
son Packing Compan}', purchased a hotise and six lots on Sixth a\enue, 
East, in the city of Hutchinson. There he lived with his family until April, 
I, 1909, when, desiring to sectn-c the pleasure of cotmtry life for his bovs 
and girls, Mr. Bush traded his city property for a farm in Reno county, 
securing from Colonel Chapman, of Great Bend, the Jones farm located 
in Reno townshi]). consisting of one hundred and sixty-six acres, where he 
has since made his home. Ibis farm is located about fotir and one-half 
miles west of Hutchinson, being the northwest quarter of section 8, town- 
ship 23, range 6. Mr. Bush was married at Hutchinson on October 2, 1887, 
to Flora .\. Cline, born in Wirt county. West X^irginia. March 25, 1869. 
Mrs. Bush is a daughter of Edward G. and Sarah Jane (Gough") Cline, 
being one of tbeir family of eight children. Her sister, Clara Theresa, 
born on December 12, 1871, in Wirt county, \Vest Virginia, is the wife of 
Oscar W'. Hartman. of Hutchin.son; Xora Ethel was born on January 18, 
1874; Flenry Thomas, September 26, 1876, and Edward Marshall, Febru- 
arv 28. 1878, all these first having seen the light of day in Wirt county, 
West \'irginia. Hattie Elizabeth and Grace were both born in Rus.sel 
countv, this state, the former ]\lay 26, 1880, and the latter February 13, 



RENO tOlNTY, KANSAS. 407 

1882, while Myrtle Delle, the youngest of the family, was lx)rn in Harvey 
county, tliis state. May 16, i<S,S5, and died on Sejitember 2C), 1898, at IMeas- 
ant Vale, Coshocton count}\ Ohio, lulward G. Cline, father of this family, 
was born in Ohio county, West Viroinia. on February 2, 183 1, and died 
in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, October 10. 1914. The mother was also a native of 
West Virginia, born in (lilmore count}-, b^bruary 27, 1846, and died in 
Cambridge, Ohio, September 30, 1896. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Bush have a family of seven children, as fol- 
low : Rena Gladys, born on December 8, 1888, the wife of Rov Dil