(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "History of the Republican Party of Indiana : biographical sketches of the party leaders, volume 1"

CO.. 1ND. 



IIMEDI^JM^ r fBCTIl 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBUC ['PfflRX 



3 1833 017U6298 



>c 977.2 Se3h 



|Histor 

Party of Indian 



Y of the Republic; 



HISTORY 



REPUBLICAN PARTY 



OF INDIANA, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE PARTY LEADERS 

Illustrated with Steel Plate, Photogravure and 
Steelograph Engravings. 



VOLUME I. 



RUSSEL M. SEEDS, 

EDITOR. 



INDIANAPOLIS: 

THE INDIANA HISTORY CO. 

189Q. 



9 00 Webster Street 

PO Box 2270 . 2270 



PRESS OF 
Bio's & Co., I> 

ISDUNAPOLIS. 



481236 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyofrepubliOOseed 



PREFACE 



WHEN the writer of this History was serving as secretary of the 
Republican State Committee he was frequently asked to fur- 
nish information about various points in the history of the 
party organization in Indiana, clauses in its early platforms, or incidents 
in the careers of some of its famous men. There was no data at hand 
to meet these demands. Succeeding State committees had destroyed 
or lost their records, tiles of the local newspapers were incomplete and 
most of the information asked for was either entirely inaccessible or so 
nearly so that it would cost endless trouble to find it. 

It was partly to meet this want and partly to produce an enduring 
monument to the achievements of Indiana Republicans that the pub- 
lishers conceived and have executed this work. It has required nearly 
two years to gather with care and accuracy and put into presentable 
shape the information it contains, covering the story of the Republican 
party of Indiana, from its first beginnings, the detailed history of the 
party organization, the record of all its platforms and nominations, 
the things it has accomplished in the government of the State and the 
enviable part its strong men have taken in the Government of the 
United States. 

This purely historical part of the work has heen supplemented with 
biographies of practically all the men who have participated in a large 
way in the leadership of the party — and he it thoroughly understood 
that these are biographies, not autobiographies. The publishers are 
indebted to Hon. William Dudley Foulke for the sketch of Governor 
Morton and to Hon. D. P. Baldwin for the sketch of Senator Pratt. 
The others were prepared either by the author of the History or some 
one of his associates regularly employed for the purpose. 

The announcement that the hook was in course of preparation has 
met with most gratifying assurances of support from the Republicans 
of the State, and the advance subscription has been so generous as 
to give the publishers not only full heart to go ahead with the enter- 
prise, but a free hand in making the volume as handsome as it could be 
made in a mechanical way. It is their earnest hope that their efforts 
in this direction have succeeded in meeting the expectations of the public. 

RUSSEL M. SEEDS. 



CONTENTS. 



Government by Party 1 

Causes and Birth of the Party 6 

Beginnings in Indiana 16 

Campaigns and Platforms 24 

Republican State Government s ^ 

Influence upon National Affairs 9t! 

The Party's Future 100 

Party Leaders — Biographical Sketches 107 

Running a Campaign Effectively 365 

Famous Republican Clubs of Indiana :;6!* 

The Columbia Club of Indianapolis 371 

The Marion Club of Indianapolis 374 

The Tippecanoe Club of Fort Wayne 377 

The Lincoln Club of LaFayette 379 

The Indiana Legislature 381 

The Senate — Biographical Sketches 382 

The House of Representatives — Biographical Sketches 385 



[NDEX TO ENGRAVINGS. 



PA«E 

Adams. Thomas H 320 

Baker. Francis E 208 

Baker. John H 17c 

Beardsley, Albert K L92 

Beem. David E 248 

Beveridge. Albert J 266 

Beyerle, L. H a 16 

Bigler, Warren 195 

Boimell. John R 230 

Bookwalter, diaries A 330 

Bowen. E. W 346 

Brick, A. L 224 

Brooks. Thomas J -231 

Brown, Robert A 294 

Brownlee. Hiram 130 

Chaney. John C 197 

Chipman. Marcellus A 301 

Oockrum, John B 232 

Colfax. Schuyler 339 

Conner. John B ... 319 

Crockett. Elmer 221 

Cromer. George W". 24t> 

Dodge. James S 272 

Dudley. William W 359 

Early. Jacob D 118 

Elliott. George B 336 

Fairbanks, Charles W 114 

Faris. George W 32 S 

Filbeck. Nicholas 113 

Flyun, David H. M 167 

Foster. John W 364 

Garrigus. .Milton 171 

Gardiner, Wm. R 343 

Gilbert. Newton W 182 

Glossbrenner. Alfred M 282 

Goodwine. Freemont 1 12 

Gowdy, John K 159 

Griffin. Charles F 136 

Griffiths, John L 243 

Grubbs. George W 361 

Haggard. William S 143 

Hanna. Bugh H 149 



PAGE 

Hanly. J. Frank 160 

Harris. Addison C 12s 

Harrison. Benjamin 106 

Hawkins. Roscoe 199 

Hays. Franklin W 200 

Hayw 1. George P 203 

Heath. Ferry S 135 

Henry. David W 183 

Henry. Charles L 212 

Hernly. Charles S. 144 

Herod. William P 356 

Hogate. Enoch G 165 

Holloway. Frederick E 175 

Hugg. Martin M 309 

Hunt. Union B 279 

Joss, Frederick A 280 

Knotts. A. F 290 

Lambert, Francis E 1 T !♦ 

Lambert. William W. 194 

Lane, Henry R 1 

Lane. Charles R 166 

Littleton. Frank L 140 

Loveland. Robert J 340 

Mansfield. Robert E 119 

Marsh, Albert 124 

Marshall. Henry W 331 

McCulloch. George F 256 

McGuire. Newton J 344 

McKeen. William R 187 

Megrew, Harold C 315 

Michener, Louis T 131 

Miller. Charles W 216 

Miller, Daniel V 163 

Moore, John E 355 

Morris, John, Jr 296 

Morton. < lliver F 350 

Mount. James A 261 

Myers, Quincy A 184 

Neal, Edward E 247 

Noel. James W 141 

Overstreet, Arthur 237 

Overstreet. Jesse 191 



1XDKX Tt> ENGRAVINGS. 



Owen, William l> 
Page, William l> 
Poirson, Peter F 
Porter. Albert G 
Posey. Frank B 
Pratt, Daniel 1) 
Remy, ( Iharles K 
Ryan, Henry * ' 
Small. Albert A 
Bpangler, John M 
Stevens, William A 
Statesman. James F 
Taylor, Robert S 
Thayer, Henrv G 



103 Thompson, Richard W 

!04 Todd, J ami, .] 

523 Tutthill, Harry B 

127 Tyner, James N 

; 1 2 Wallace, Lew 

2S3 Whittington, William T 

295 Whitcomb, Larz A 

158 Williams. Vinson V 

L21 Wilson, Charles E 

335 Wingate, John C 

229 Wood, William R 

362 Woods, Floyd A 

Ms Woods, William A 
213 



PAGE 

L55 
3 1 8 
162 
L25 

123 
L53 

174 

L52 
2i0 
332 

207 



INDIAN TO HKXJKAPHIKS. 



Adams, Thomas H 
Agnew, Nathan L 
Aiken, William H 
Andress, Edgar H 



PAGK 

320 
382 
385 
215 



Artman, Samuel R 385 

Baker. John H 1?6 

Baker, Francis E 208 

Baker, Otway A 386 

Baker, John W 385 

Baldwin, Daniel I' L80 

Ball, Walter L 382 

Barlow. James M 386 

Beardsley, Albert R 192 

Beem, David E 248 

Beveridge, Albert J 264 

Beyerle, Lincoln H 316 

Biggs. Hiram S 235 

Bigler, Warren 195 

Binkley, Charles C. 382 

Black. James B 245 

Blankenship, Quincy A 386 

Bonham. John A 386 

Bonnell. John R 230 

Bookwalter, Charles A 329 

Bowen, Edward W 345 

Brick. Abraham L 224 

Brooks. Thomas J 231 

Brown, Robert A 294 

Brownlee. Hiram 130 

Burrier, Arthur A 386 

Bums. Albert M 382 

Butler. Noble C 298 

Canada. Silas A 386 

Caraway, Morgan 3s7 

Chaney. John C 196 

Chipman, Marcellus A 300 

Charles, James 382 

Clark. Addison B. 387 

Claypool, Jefferson H 157 

Coburn. John 222 

Cockrum. John B 232 

Coffin. Charles F 233 



PAGK 

Coffey, Silas D 310 

Compton, John F 38'7 

Conner, John B 318 

Colfax, Schuyler 337 

Crockett. Elmer 220 

Cromer, George W 246 

Crumpacker, Edgar D 281 

Culbert, Uriah 382 

Cunningham, George A 239 

Dilley, Harvey C 387 

Dodge, James S 273 

Dudley, William W 356 

Din-bin, Winfield T 238 

Durham, Crandell 387 

Early. Jacob |) Us 

Elliott, George B, 336 

Fairbanks, Charles W 114 

Faris. George W 328 

Filbeck, Nicholas 113 

Flynn. David H. M 167 

Foster. John W 362 

Frazier, W. DeFrees 300 

Furness. Leigh G 388 

Garrigus, Milton 170 

Gants, Adam .".ss 

Gardiner, William R 342 

Gilbert, Newton W 182 

Glosshrenner, Alfred M 282 

(ioar. Charles S 383 

Good wine, Fremont 112 

Gochenour, Joseph C 383 

Gowdy. John K 15s 

Griffin, Charles F 137 

(Griffiths. John I, 242 

(irubbs, George W 35fS 

Guthrie, William W 383 

Hall. Edmon (i 388 

Haltord, Elijah W 271 

Hanna, Robert B 338 

Hanna, Hugh II . 146 

Hanly, James F 160 

Haggard. Willliam S 142 



INDEX TO BIOGRAPHIES. 



Harrison, Benjamin 

Harris. Addison ( ' 
Herod, William Pirtle 
Hawkins. Roscoe ( > 
Hays. Franklin W 
Hayes. .John J 
Hays. Wilbur A 
Haywood. George I' 
Heath. Perry S 
Henry, -lames R 
Henly. William .1 
Henry. David W 
Henry. Charles L 
Heilman, Charles F 
Hearing'. Frederick A 
Hernly. Charles X 
Hert, Alvin T 
Hemenway. James A 
Higgins. Alvin M 
Hogate, Enoch G 
Hogate, Julian D 

Hoi ibs, Elisha M 

Holoway, Fred. E 
Holcomb, John W 
Hubbell. Orrin Z 
Huff. James M 
Hugg, Martin M 
Hunt, Union B 
Johnson, Lafayette 
Jones. Frank L- 
Joss. Frederick A 
Kercheval. Samuel F 
Keyes. Otis M 
King. Charles S 
Kirkpatrick. Albert P» 
Knotts. A. F 

unbert, Francis K 
..■unbcrt. William W 

.aFollette. Jesse J. M 
.andis. ( 'harles B 
jane, Henry S 
jane, ( 'harles R 
jegeman. Walter A 
jeich, August 
attleton, Frank I, 

Lovett, John W 

Loveland, Robert J 



PAGE 


F 


AGE 


lot 


Mansfield, Robert F 


mi 


129 


Manifold, William W . . . . 


IS 11 


354 


Marsh. Albert 


124 


ins 


Marshall. Henry W 


331 


200 


McCulloch, George F . . 


257 


388 


McClelland, William R 


240 


388 


McKeen, William R 


ISC, 


202 


McGary, Hugh D 


;sn 


L33 


McGuire, Newton J 


344 


324 


Mcintosh. James M 


251 


277 


MeGrew. Harold C 


314 


L83 


Messick, Jacob W 


,90 


i'li' 


Michener. Louis T 


l :: l 


■247 


Mitchener, Grant 


334 


:;sn 


Miller, Calvin C 


390 


1+4 


Miller, Daniel V 


163 


217 


Miller, George C 


3S4 


34 1 


Miller. Chas. W 


2 Hi 


IS!) 


Montgomery, Oscar H 


2!M> 


L64 


Moore, John F 


354 


244 


Morton. ( diver P 


546 


242 


Morris. John, Jr 


29ti 


175 


Mount. James A 


2511 


389 


Murphy. Oliver M 


390 


383 


Myers, Quincy A 


1S4 


389 


Neal, Edward F 


247 


308 


Nebeker. Enos H 


236 


27s 


New, John C 


209 


383 


New, Harry S 


384 


316 


Newby, Leonidas P 


321 


2 so 


Noel, James W 


141 


21 1 


Osborn, John II 


25s 


384 


( (shorn. George A 


584 


21H 


( (shorn, Benjamin K 


390 


389 


( Iverstreet, Arthur 


236 


290 


( Iverstreet, Jesse 


Hid 


] 78 


( Iwen, Elisha H 


',!Hi 


194 


< Iwen, William D 


502 


201 


Page. William D 


3(15 


:',uii 


Pettit, Henry C 


$33 


HC.I 


Poirson, Peter F 


522 


D;<; 


Porter. Albert G 


325 


384 


Posey, Prank B 


312 


3S4 


Powers. Joseph B 


190 


14ii 


Pratt, Daniel D 


283 


313 


Reece, James N 


391 


340 


Remy, Charles K 


2!»5 



INDEX TO BIOGRAPHIES: 



Reser, Alva 391 

Richter. John C 304 

Rifenburg, William H 391 

Roberts. Edward S 391 

Robertson. Robert S 262 

391 
226 



Roose. William 
Roots. Francis T 
Ryan. Henry C 
Schmidt, William H 
Schmidt, Walter M 
Schrader, Frederick 
Scott. Alexander M 
Scott. Reuben B 
Shideler. George A 
Shirley. Cassius ( ' 
Small. Albert A 
Smith. Charles F 
Somers. Orlando A 
Steele, George \\ 
Stevens. William A 
Stevens. Jesse C 
Studebaker, Clement 
Stutesman. .James F 
Spangler, John M 



II 



304 
259 
391 
391 
391 
250 
193 
120 
ITS 
391 
122 

3!>_ 

360 
335 



PAGE 

Taylor. Robert S 168 

Thayer. Henry G 213 

Thompson. Richard W 154 

Todd. Jacob J 317 

Tntthill. Harry B 162 

Tyner. James N 126 

Wallace. Lew 252 

Watson. James E 219 

Waugh, Dan 251 

Weik. Jesse W 311 

Whittington, William T 122 

Whitcomb. Charles :'.'.»l' 

Whitcomb. Larz A. 153 

Williams. George 392 

Willoughby. Benjamin M 392 

Williams. Vinton V 174 

Wilson, William T 186 

Wilson. Charles E 274 

Wingate. John C 151 

Wishard. Albert W 292 

W Is. William R . 240 

W Is. Floyd A 332 

Woods, William A 204 

Young', Archibald A 297 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 
OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



GOVERNMENT BY PARTY. 



TN order to properly appreciate the devel- 
opment and influence of the Republican 
party upon the destinies of Indiana, a 
commonwealth surpassing in wealth and 
population many of the empires of the 
past whose stories we read with so much 
interest, it is necessary that we should 
briefly bring to mind something of the 
nature of political parties and their devel- 
opment in the United States. 

Government by party, frequently railed 
at by writers whose knowledge of ancient 
and modern times seems confined to a 
schedule of dates of battles and reigns of 
kings, has been the history of every people 
possessing any degree of freedom in their 
government. In the savage state men of 
the same tribe have gathered about the 
standards of opposing chiefs, and, as civ- 
ilization developed them into monarchies, 
aristocracies, or pure democracies, they 
have found cause for division among them- 
selves whenever respite from foreign war 
gave them time to contemplate their do- 
mestic conditions. Despotisms have occa- 
sionally been able to suppress party spirit 
without the aid of war. but such suppres- 
sion has always been productive of con- 
spiracy and sedition, as witness the frequenl 
rebellions that have afflicted the Chinese 
Empire for more than 3,000 years, and the 
Nihilism that continues to terrify the 



dominion of the Czars. Even under the 
despotism of the Byzantine emperors, the 
spiritless people of the decayed Roman 
Empire, shut out from all participation in 
government, found cause for division in 
the chariot races of the circus, and the 
riotous antagonism of the '•greens'* and 
"blues" more than once bathed in blood 
the altars of St. Sophia and even the por- 
ticoes of the palace of the ( 'onstantines. 

Among most peoples parties have formed 
upon a single issue, about the person of a 
single leader, or under the shadow of a 
single family, and, as a general thing. 
they have perished with the issue, the 
leader or the family that gave them a 
rallying ground. To-day in Italy we see 
simply the party of the ministry and that 
of the opposition, with the elements of 
each constantly changing as the great is- 
sue of the temporal power of the Vatican 
is gradually dying out. In Spain we can 
trace the more or less dim divisions of 
parties along the lines of Carlism. support 
of the reigning dynasty, clericalism, and 
militarism. In France parties form and 
disintegrate with such volatile rapidity 
that it is dangerous to trace the lines of 
one moment, lest they be abolished the 
next ; but at the present writing the cele- 
brated Dreyfus affair has divided the na- 
tion into two parties, the one supporting the 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



military control of the "republic" and the 
other seeking to vindicate the superiority 
of civil authority. In Germany, while 
there are numerous shifting parties, divid- 
ing upon religious, fiscal, agrarian, indus- 
trial or other questions, there is gradually 
developing a party supporting the military 
monarchy of the empire and one strug- 
gling for a larger measure of popular 
freedom. 

It has been characteristic of the depth 
and steadfastness of the Anglo- Saxon 
nature that the English-speaking people 
should mark their party lines along that 
fundamental division in the nature of 
mankind that marks the opposition of 
progress and conservatism. Viewed in a 
large way the contention of parties in both 
Great Britain and America has always 
been the struggle between the elements of 
advance and those of inaction. And it is 
further characteristic of Anglo-Saxon sta- 
bility that these parties should endure and 
preserve their organization and apply their 
fundamental principles to the varying 
problems of government that arise amid 
the changes of time and circumstance. 
By the nature of the division it follows 
that the character of an English-speaking 
government will be determined by the 
varying success or defeat of two great 
parties. There have been in the past and 
there will be in future, minor political 
groups or organizations that expire quickly 
or endure at length, according to their 
merits, and occasionally even one of the 
great parties will apparently expire to 
arise under a different name. Not infre- 
quently, indeed, we shall find a party in 
power taking up and executing maxims 
of government <»]■ policy brought forward 
first by an opponent, but parties are simply 
great aggregations of men and the nature 
of man is not minutely consistent. Great 
sentimental questions or sudden upheavals 
brought about by war may cause tempo- 
rary confusion, and something of realign- 
ment recurs whenever a new problem of 



large nature appears, but we can always 
trace the fundamental dividing line of 
progress and conservatism as dividing two 
dominant parties. 

In the early history of England the 
struggle lay between the absolutism of the 
Norman kings and the efforts of the barons 
to hold their local power. We find the 
division crystalizing into permanent party 
organization when the conservative ele- 
ment that clung to an absolute monarchy 
and the Catholic church rallied about the 
house of Stuart as "Cavaliers,'' while all 
the dissenters and those opposed to the ex- 
isting order were denounced as "Round- 
heads." After the restoration of the 
Stuarts these opposing parties applied to 
each other the opprobrious epithets of 
"Whigs" and ••Tories.'* and the political 
descendants of the "Roundheads" made 
the word "Whig" glorious during the 
succeeding centuries and still endure- as 
"Liberals," while the successors of the 
"Cavaliers" have but recently exchanged 
the proud appellation of "Tory" for the 
more prosaic one of "Conservative." As 
Cavaliers. Tories or Conservatives, this one 
great party of the English people, varying 
their methods and immediate purposes ac- 
cording to time and circumstance, have 
steadily labored to hold fast to old institu- 
tions and to prevent all experiment of new 
and untried things. As Roundheads, 
Whigs or Liberals, their opponents have 
steadily pushed forward toward the goal 
of political and religious liberty until they 
have made of the English monarchy a legal 
fiction and a social form, and have given 
to the individual Englishman the largest 
measure of personal liberty and the most 
influential voice in his own government 
of any man on earth, not even excepting 
our own free-born American citizen. 

Stripped of all tilings of a temporary 
nature, we can trace in the history of 
parties in the United States this same 
line of opposition between conservatism 
and progress, though the object of our 



1TATE (IF INDIANA. 



progressive organization lias been national 
unity and national greatness. The boon 
of liberty for the individual, universal 
franchise and religious freedom was ac- 
complished for the white inhabitants by 
the Revolutionary War and could not af- 
ford an issue, hut the question of whether 
the thirteen colonies were to he petty, in- 
dependent States or whether their people 
were to he welded into a, nation afforded a 
subject of the keenest debate and resulted 
in a compromise between the contending 
elements. As a result the Articles of 
Confederation were promulgated, which 
attempted to preserve the entire independ- 
ence and autonomy of the various States. 
while setting up a loose federation for the 
purpose of mutual protection and peace. 
The conservative element feared anything 
in the nature of a National government, 
while the purpose of the progressive ele- 
ment was amply explained by the name 
they assumed, of ••Federalists." When 
the Articles of Confederation were proven 
by short experience inadequate to the situ- 
ation and the constitutional convention 
met, the debates of its long session clearly 
demonstrated the fact that the party line 
had grown wonderfully sharp. Every 
power granted to the Federal Government 
in that document was fought inch by inch 
by the conservative element, and though 
the Federalists were victorious in most 
tilings, so influential were their opponents 
that even under our immortal Constitu- 
tion the American nation must have been 
cramped, confined, and impotent, had not 
Chief Justice Marshall introduced in the 
decisions of the Supreme Court the doc- 
trine of "implied powers." Even with 
this help, the American people have not 
hesitated to step entirely without the 
bounds of the Constitution when proper 
occasion arose. Jefferson, the head and 
front of the Conservative party, did so 
when he purchased the great territory of 
Louisiana, from which most of our Western 
States have been carved, and Monroe, 



belonging to the same party, did it again 
when he laid down his celebrated doctrine 
that no European power should seek terri- 
torial aggrandizement upon the American 
continent. The real Constitution of the 
United States is the conscience of the 
American people. 

As soon as the ( 'onstitutioii was ratified 
the spirit of party that had shown so 
plainly in the convention began to crystal- 
lize about the opposing questions of ••broad" 
or "strict" construction of the document. 
Hamilton led the Federalists, who natur- 
ally inclined toward broad construction, 
and Jefferson led the strict construction- 
ists. The theories of the French Revolu- 
tion had their effect upon public thought 
in America, and Jefferson and his follow- 
ers subscribed warmly to the laissez-faire 
doctrine, the notion that that government 
was best which governed least and gave 
to the individual the widest possible scope 
for the exercise of his talent, his wealth 
and his strength, without governmental 
interference. The largest measure of local 
autonomy in government, "States' rights." 
and the right of secession, all flowed logic- 
ally from their theories. They took at 
first the name of "Republicans." Later 
they were known as "Democratic Repub- 
licans," and finally as "Democrats." The 
party has thus descended in direct line to 
the present day. In a general way it has 
stood for the rights and liberties of the 
individual as against any encroachment 
upon the part of government in the way 
of centralization of power or the exercise 
of paternal care. Thus we find it has 
generally opposed all restrictions upon 
commerce, it has opposed taxation for 
the purpose of internal improvements, it 
has opposed large naval or land arma- 
ments in time of peace, it has stood for 
the individual right of the slave-owner to 
hold his human property as against the 
righl of the Federal Government to wipe 
out the institution, it has stood for the 
right of the State to secede as against the 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



right nf the Government to hold it in the 
Federal Union by force of arms, it lias op- 
posed the principle nf protection and it will 
in the future oppose the notion of expan- 
sion, partly from pure conservatism, part- 
ly from the theory that the island peoples 
have the inalienable right to govern them- 
selves or fail to govern themselves as they 
may see fit and partly from simple force 
of the habit of opposition. 

The line of the present Republican party 
has not been so definite in its continuance. 
but first as Federalists, later as Whigs. 
and finally as Republicans, the organiza- 
tion has stood for the national spirit in 
American politics. It has been the party 
of progress, of constructive legislation, the 
party of action. Through its whole his- 
tory it has stood for the protection and ad- 
vance of American manufactures, for 
internal improvements, for the strength- 
ening of the National Government, for the 
preservation of the Union, for the aboli- 
tion of slavery and for sound financial 
ideas. In the new questions opening up 
there can be no doubt that it will stand 
for the expansion of American civilization. 
The Federalists held power through the 
administration of John Adams, hut the 
Jefferson Republicans elected their leader 
and then Madison. During the Madison 
administration the younger element in 
the Republican party, as it then was. 
forced the second war with England for 
the purpose of vindicating the individual 
rights of American seamen. The individ- 
ualism of the French Revolution had al- 
ready sunk into the despotism of Napoleon 
and the Napoleonic wars were keeping 
England busy. The United States won 
an easy and glorious victory and the op- 
position of the New England Federalists 
to the war marked the death of the party. 
It was long in reviving and the "era of 
good feeling" left the country with prac- 
tically but one party for several years. 
And when an opponent worthy of the 
name finally did arise to contest the rule of 



the Democratic Republicans, or 1 democrats, 
such was the paucity of issues that they 
went to the memories of English freedom 
for a name and called themselves Whigs. 
The transition from pure democracy to 
pure despotism has always been easy, and 
when the Democrats finally elevated to the 
presidency the hero they worshipped as no 
other American has been worshipped in his 
own time, they ushered in an administra- 
tion that has been rightly denominated as 
the "reign" of Andrew Jackson. Jack- 
son's despotism culminated in his over- 
throw of the United States Bank and the 
fiscal system that had been established 
through its agency, thus affording the 
Whigs an issue upon which they finally 
came into power in the election of William 
Henry Harrison, another hero of the War 
of 1812. 

In the meantime a great sentimental 
issue, the question of slavery had begun 
to loom upon the political horizon. True 
to its conservative instincts the Democratic 
party held to the institution of slavery and 
the right of the people of the slave States to 
decide without Federal interference what 
they should do. They won the presidency 
again by picking a quarrel with England 
about the Northwestern boundary and their 
battle cry in 1844 was " Fifty -four: forty or 
fight." After the election the Democratic 
administration distracted the country 
with a war with Mexico for Texan inde- 
pendence, while the Northwestern bound- 
ary was quietly settled at a line far below 
the -Fifty-four: forty" mark. Texas 
came into the Union as additional slave 
territory and the "Compromise of 1850" 
failed to allay the strife over the slavery 
question. The Whig leaders dodged the 
great issue and their organization died. 
Several parties launched themselves upon 
several issues, but the American people 
would have none of them and from a ripe 
public sentiment against slavery the Re- 
publican party of the present day sprang 
into existence to sound the note of freedom 



(IK THE STATE OK INDIANA. 



and equal rights before the law and to 
sustain the integrity of the Nation when 
its early success precipitated secession and 
civil war. It lived to carry through the 
reconstruction of the States that endeav- 
ored to secede and has endured to become 
the progressive, constructive force in the 
Nation. It may seem paradoxical to call 
the heterogeneous mass of men and isms 
that now compose I lie Democratic party 
the conservative party of the country, hut 
such it is. Since the Civil War it has been 
continuously out of power except two short 
intervals and during the first of these it 
had now a Republican Senate and now 
a Republican House that prevented the 
enactment of party measures. In all this 
time it has had complete control of the 
legislative and executive branches of the 
government only two years, from March, 
L893, to March, 1895, and then it proved its 
conservatism by its utter inability to agree 
upon any general legislation of importance. 
During these years out of power it has 
been the duty of the Democratic party to 
oppose and it has opposed everything 
that has been done with great industry. 
It has been its duty to criticise and it has 
surely fulfilled this dufv in full measure. 



Its discordant elements have been held 
together by the cohesive force of opposi- 
tion and it has served the very essential 
purpose of a brake on the car of progress 
While it is difficult to recall a wise thing 
that it has done within the past forty 
years, it has certainly prevented many un- 
wise things. 

The stability of Anglo-Saxon govern- 
ment on both sides of the ocean is ample 
justification of the principle of government 
by party. While party organizations have 
stooped to unworthy means, they have 
never been so corrupt or so oppressive as 
the rule of individuals and more than once 
party discipline has contributed immeas- 
urably to the dissemination of light prin- 
ciples, to the enactment of good legislation 
and to the defeat of vicious measures. 
Where a public conscience exists among 
the people, parties must perforce look to 
tin' morals of those they place in power 
and the hope of party success or the fear 
of party defeat must always tend to the 
betterment of the public service while this 
same party spirit provides in the opposing 
party an army of sharp critics for every 
measure of government and every execu- 
tive act, 



CAUSES AND BIRTH OF THE PARTY 



\T/~E are prune to believe that in the liar 
m mony of our forefathers in their work 
iif founding the new Republic the question 
of slavery was overlooked. On the con- 
trary, the question of slavery of the blacks 
was a very live one even before the Revo- 
lution. Neither the unbending conscience 
of the Puritans of New England, nor the 
soft humanity of the Quakers of Pennsyl- 
vania, would admit of the enslavement of 
human beings, no matter how ignorant or 
degraded their condition, while the Dutch 
traders of New York soon found that it 
was more profitable to sell to the planters 
of the South the slaves they had acquired 
than td endeavor to use them in merchan- 
dising or manufacturing in New York and 
New Jersey. 

Thus it happened that everything north 
of Virginia and Maryland was free terri- 
tory at the time of the Revolution The 
question was raised in the constitutional 
convention, but the statesmen of the South 
stoutly maintained that the prosperity of 
their plantations depended upon the ••insti- 
tution." and it was wisely left untouched 
until the more important question of 
whether the colonies were to found a 
nation or to become weak and small re- 
publics was determined. As soon as this 
question was out of the way. the problem 
came up again when the duty of providing 
a form of government for the Northwest 
Territory was taken up by Congress, and. 
after the sharpest kind of a struggle, the 
advocates of freedom won. and the "Or- 
dinances of 17*7" decreed that the vast 
extent of lands from which the great com- 
monwealths of Ohio, Indiana. Michigan, 
Illinois and Wisconsin have been carved 
should lie forever free from the taint of 
slavery. 

This was the last victory of the anti- 
slavery sentiment until the great convul- 
sion of the Civil War. Assisted greatly 
by the effects of climate and the institu- 



tion of slavery, the men of the South and 
those of the North rapidly developed a wide 
difference of habit, of temperament, and of 
ideals. The agriculture of the North was 
done by small farmers and the industry of 
the people was diversified by manufactur- 
ing and active trading. The Norman and 

Huguenot hi 1 of the South showed in 

the development of a landed aristocracy 
that held in contempt anything in the 
nature of trade, nor was the institution of 
slavery conducive to any other industry 
than that of tilling the soil of large estates. 
The education of the North tended to the 
development of the practical sciences: that 
of the South was engaged in the study of 
the classics, the pursuit of maxims of gov- 
ernment from Greece, Rome. Constanti- 
nople, and the more modern feudatories of 
Europe. Agriculture, war. statesmanship, 
the law and medicine, were the only call- 
ings deserving the attention of the son of 
a Southern planter, and politics became a 
serious business for the best minds of the 
South, while in the North it was some- 
times a pastime and sometimes a reproach. 
Insensilily the reins of power were permit- 
ted to fall into the hands of the statesmen 
of the South, who were more carefully 
trained in the science of government and 
who. though they were selfish and am- 
bitious in the highest degree, were too 
proud to ever lay themselves open to the 
charge of venal motives. 

The ascendency of the Southerners in 
Congress was used steadfastly to extend 
their power. The voting power of the 
slave-owner was increased in proportion 
to the slaves he owned. When Florida 
was ceded to the United States it went 
unquestionably as slave territory, and 
when Louisiana was purchased slavery 
was preserved there. Kentucky, Tenn- 
essee. Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana 
were rapidly erected into states and en- 
larged the slave territory. Practically all 



(>F THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



the great political leaders of both parties 
were from the South, with the exception 
of Webster, after the War of L812. Thus, 
while the slavery question was fiercely de- 
bated in Congress and was the main topic 
of discussion among men. by the strenu- 
ous efforts of party leaders it was either 
excluded from political platforms alto- 
gether or gave there only a faint reflex of 
the popular agitation. While platforms 
were filled with threats of war with En- 
gland over the Northwest boundary and 
questions of internal improvements and 
Pacific roads, the Southern statesmen 
forced a sudden war with Mexico and ex- 
tended the slave territory by the acquisi- 
tion of Texas. 

Of course it was impossible that the in- 
stitution of slavery, a relic of < iriental 
barbarism and cruelty, should have with- 
stood for many decades among a free peo- 
ple, the onward march of civilization and 
Christian humanitarianism: but it was the 
emboldened avarice of the slave power and 
its reckless determination to trample down 
all opposition to the extension of its terri- 
tory and influence that finally precipitated 
its fall. When Missouri was ready for 
statehood the question could not be clouded 
by other issues, nor could it be thrust out 
of politics on the ground that it was a 
••purely moral." a "purely sentimental." 
or a "purely local" question. The long 
struggle that began with the birth of the 
Republic was supposed to have ended in 
the "Missouri Compromise." adopted in 
1820, by which the newState was admitted 
with slavery, but it was stipulated that 
further admissions above the latitude of 
of 36:30 should be as free States. But the 
statesmen of the South were not content 
to let it rest there. The treaty with Mex- 
ico brought into the United States every- 
thing north of the Rio Grande that it did 
not already possess, and a tierce struggle 
arose over the status of the newly ac- 
quired territory. Again there was a com 
promise in which the slave power was 



triumphant. By this compromise of 1850, 
passed largely through the efforts of Henry 
Clay, acknowledged leader of the Whigs, 
a stringent fugitive-slave law was passed 
and New Mexico and Arizona were given 
over to slavery. All that the lovers of fr< e- 
dom got out of the "compromise" was the 
admission of ( lalifornia as a free State after 
her people had repudiated slavery with 
practical unanimity. But the successful 
issue of the Mexican war gave the Demo- 
crats an overwhelming majority in the 
next Congress. Kansas and Nebraska 
were knocking for admittance and the 
celebrated ■• Kansas-Nebraska Bill" was 
brought in and passed in 1853, laying 
down the Democratic doctrine of "States' 
rights" and leaving the question of slavery 
in the new States to be determined by the 
States themselves in forming their consti- 
tutions. The debates upon the bill were 
followed with breathless interest by the 
country and its enactment was the signal 
for a bloody struggle. The slave-owners 
attempted by violence what they could not 
accomplish in peace. Armed resistance 
frequently attempted to prevent advocates 
of freedom from settling in Kansas and 
just as frequently tried to dispossess those 
who had already settled there, until -bleed 
ing Kansas" became a household phrase 
that aroused the feverish indignation of 
every Northern freeman. 

The Whig party contained many South- 
ern men and its immortal leader was a 
Kentucky orator. It would not take up the 
burden of the struggle and the only pi isitive 
political force aggressively opposing slav- 
ery was Garrison's little hand of enthusi- 
asts, the "Abolitionists." They aspired 
to the dignity of a political party and 
became known first as the " Liberty party" 
and later as the "Free-Soilers. " but they 
were ahead of their time and were gener- 
ally looked upon as a band of reckless 
fanatics who were willing to overthrow 
the Republic to gain their end of liberating 



HISTORY OF THK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



the black slaves. But the widespread par- 
ticipation in the operation of the " Under- 
ground Railroad" by which runaway 
slaves were spirited away into Canada, 
the universal interest displayed in the 
Dred Scott decision and the burst of indig- 
nation with which it was received, the 
enormous popularity of Harriet Beecher 
Stowe's polemic novel. "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin." the reverberation of the debates 
in Congress, and the repetition of the news 
of outrage that came day by day from 
Kansas at every fireside throughout the 
free States, discovered the high tension of 
public feeling. And this excited state of 
public feeling finally forced the question 
to a scpiare issue and founded upon an en- 
during basis a party that has since shaped 
the politics and ruled the destinies of the 
greatest republic the world has known. 

A critical period of public excitement 
usually brings forth a multiplicity of 
minor political parties. In the light of 
succeeding history it seems strange that 
some of the greatest men in the country 
and great numbers of the people were un- 
able to clearly see the issue that must 
dominate the politics of the time, hut many 
men accounted great went off at a tangent 
upon the issues of temperance, "Know- 
nothingism" and the like, but in nearly 
every Northern State mass meetings of the 
people raised their voice against further 
aggressions of the slave power and during 
the period of the discussion of the Kan- 
sas-Nebraska bill the Republican party 
arose to meet theissue. It assumed differ- 
ent names in different Slates and itsdecla- 
rations differed somewhat according to 
locality, but the general impetus was de- 
termined opposition to extension of the 
slave territory and. later, the preservation 
of the Union. The new party uncon- 
sciously took the line of progress and 
nationalism in adopting the view that the 
National Government had the right to limit 
the extension of slavery and to defend its 
own existence, while the Democrats applied 



their basic principle of conservatism in 

declaring that slavery was a purely domes- 
tic institution, the regulation of which 
was the exclusive province of the State 
governments 

The average foreigner has an impres- 
sion that when three or four Americans 
get together the first thing they do is to 
adopt a written constitution and then pro- 
claim a set of resolutions. He is not 
entirely right, but it is true that the writ- 
ten constitution and the party "platform" 
or resolutions are purely and characteris- 
tically American. The platform is un- 
known in the politics of other countries 
and is of comparatively recent origin in 
the United States. In the early days of 
the Republic presidential nominations were 
sometimes made by members of Congress 
in caucus and sometimes by State legisla- 
tures. But the development of the rail 
mad finally evolved the party convention 
and the convention soon evolved the plat- 
form. The Virginia and Kentucky reso- 
lutions were the earliest efforts in the 
nature of platforms. They were adopted 
by the legislatures of those States shortly 
after the Constitution went into effect and 
formulated the Democratic doctrine that 
the Federal Government possessed only 
such powers as were expressly granted to it 
by the States in the Constitution and that 
all powers of government not expressly 
granted were reserved to the States. After 
these deliverances parties contended for 
forty years without any further declara- 
tion of principles than those contained in 
the speeches of their leaders in and out of 
Congress. The national political conven- 
tion owed its origin to the •• Anti-Masonic" 
party, one of these sporadic political 
growths that have occasionally marked 
the politics of the country. They held the 
first convention at Baltimore in Septem- 
ber, 1831, and nominated candidates for 
President and Vice-President. The Whigs 
held their first convention in the same 
city in December of that year, but confined 



OP THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



their efforts to nominating candidates. 
In the following March the Democrats 
held their first convention, also at Balti- 
more, and likewise adopted no platform. 
Three weeks later, however, on May 11. 
L832, they held a national gathering at 
Washington to ratify the nominations and 
this meeting adopted three resolutions. 
They are interesting not only as being 
the hrst platform ever promulgated in a 
national way hy a political party, but be- 
cause they enunciated three principles 
which the Democratic party has consist- 
ently opposed ever since. They declared 
for protection and internal improvements 
and denounced the " spoils system !" This 
last was all the more singular from the 
fact that Martin Van Buren, their candi- 
date for Vice-President, as the head of the 
famous "Albany Regency." had organized 
and perfected the hrst •■political machine" 
based upon the spoils of office that the 
country had ever known. These three 
resolutions read thus : 

Resolved. That an adequate protection to Ameri- 
can industry is indispensable to the prosperity of the 
country; and that an abandonment of the policy at 
this period would be attended with consequences 
ruinous to the best interests of the Nation. 

Resolved, That a uniform system of internal im- 
provements, sustained and supported by the General 
Government, is calculated to secure in the highest 
degree, the harmony, the strength and permanency 
of the Republic. 

Resolved, That the indiscriminate removal of 
public officers for a mere difference of political opin- 
ion is a gross abuse of power; and that the doctrines 
lately boldly preached in the United States Senate, 
that "to the victors belong the spoils of the van- 
quished" is detrimental to the interests, corrupting to 
the morals and dangerous to the liberties of the 
country. 

In the next campaign, that of 1836, the 
Democrats again held a convention, hut 
the Whigs reverted to the old method of 
nominating by State legislatures, with the 
result that they had three candidates for 
the presidency in the held. Neither party 
put forth a platform, though the Demo- 
crats of the New York legislature adopted 
resolutions setting forth sentiments about 
the inalienable rights of man that were 



somewhat new at the time of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, hut had now become 
hackneyed platitudes. The agitation over 

the slavery question was rife during these 
years, hut it was "kept out of politics 1 ' 
until the Abolitionists called a convention 
in ls.'lsat Warsaw. X. Y. . organized them- 
selves into the "Liberty party." ami ad- 
opted a single resolution : 

That, in our judgment, every consideration of 
duty ami expediency which ought to control the 
action i if ( 'hristian freemen, requires of the Abolition- 
ists of the United States to organize a distinct and 
independent political party, embracing all the neces- 
sary means for nominating candidates for office and 
sustaining them by public suffrage. 

The Whigs ignored the issue and nom- 
inated William Henry Harrison without 
a platform. They succeeded in this elec- 
tion, but the policy of dodging there begun 
ended the career of the party in a few 
years. -Jackson, by his destructive fight 
upon the United States Bank, had created 
an issue, which for a time took almost 
equal rank with that of slavery, and the 
Democratic party endeavored to make it 
the chief issue of the campaign, while the 
Whigs depended wholly upon the personal 
popularity of their candidate, General 
Harrison, and the unpopularity of Van 
Buren for their success. The Democratic 
convention which met in Baltimore in 
May. 1840, was united upon its candidate, 
Van Buren. but divided in its principles, 
and the debates brought forth a platform 
that is full of historical interest, not only 
from the fact that it was the first platform 
ever put forth by a political convention, 
but as well on account of the principles it 
sets forth. The first resolution declared 
briefly the doctrine of "Narrow Construc- 
tion" or "States Rights." thus: 

That the Federal Government is one of limited 
powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and the 
grants of power shown therein ought to be strictly 
construed by all the departments and agents of the 
government, and that it is inexpedient and dangerous 
to exercise doubtful constitutional powers. 

The second briefly but emphatically 
went hack upon the declaration of 1832 in 



10 



HISTORY OP THK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



regard to internal improvements. It was 
as follows : 

That the Constitution does not confer upon the 
General Government the power to commence and 
carry on a general system of internal improvements. 

A nother resolution faced entirely about 
upon the question of protection in this 

fashion : 

That the Constitution does not confer authority 
upon tlie Federal Government, directly or indirectly, 
to assume the debts of the several States, contracted 
for local internal improvements or other State pur- 
poses, nor would such assumption be just or expe- 
dient. 

As may be imagined, these principles 
were not adopted without a great deal of 
friction, and about the only point upon 
which there was anything like unanimity 
was a resolution denying the power of Con- 
gress to charter the United States Bank. 
The question of slavery could not be kept 
out of the convention. The Abolitionists 
had held a convention two years before at 
Warsaw, and another a mouth before at 
Albany, and, weak little band of enthusi- 
asts though they were, the proud slave 
barons of the South could not suffer the 
defiance thus flung in their teeth without 
retort. The Democrats of the North were 
by no means unanimous in favor of slavery 
.u id it was only the lash of the party whip 
that held them in line and luade them sub- 
mit to the following resolution : 

That Congress has no power under the Constitu- 
tion to interfere with or control the domestic insti- 
tutions of the several States, and that such States 
are the sole and proper judges of everything per- 
taining to their own affairs, not prohibited by the 
Constitution ; that all efforts by Abolitionists, or 
others, made to induce Congress to interfere with 
questions of slavery, or to take incipient steps in 
relation thereto, are calculated to lead to the most 
alarming and dangerous consequences, and that all 
such efforts have an inevitable tendency to diminish 
tha happiness of the people and endanger the sta- 
bility and permanence of the Union, and ought not 
to bi countenanced by any friend to our political 
institutions. 

Martin Van Buren, so strictly opposed 
to slavery that he afterwards headed the 
bolting '•Barn Burners" of New York, 
and accepted a nomination of the Free- 



Soil party, submitted to this resolution as 
the price of a nomination for the Presi- 
dency. 

In the preparation for the campaign of 
1844 the Abolitionists were again the first 
in the field. The miserably small vote 
they had polled in 1840 had not discour- 
aged them. Their convention was held 
at Buffalo, X. Y., in August of 1843, and 
a long platform was adopted, of which the 
following resolutions are of peculiar inter- 
est as bearing upon the history of slavery 
in the United States 

That it was understood in the times of the Dec- 
laration and the Constitution that the existence of 
slavery in some of the States was in derogation of 
the principles of American liberty, and a deep stain 
upon the character of the country, and the implied 
faith of the States and the Nation was pledged tliat 
slavery should never be extended beyond its then 
existing limits, but should be gradually, and yet, at 
no distant day, wholly abolished by State authority. 
That the faith of the States and the Nation thus 
pledged was most nobly redeemed by the voluntary 
abolition of slavery in several of the States, and by 
the adoption of the ordinance of 17*7 for the govern- 
ment of the territory northwest of the river Ohio, 
then the only Territory in the United States, and 
consequently the only Territory subject in this respect 
to the control of Congress, by which ordinance slav- 
ery was forever excluded from the vast regions 
which now compose the States of Ohio, Indiana. Il- 
linois, Michigan and the Territory of Wisconsin, and 
an incapacity to bear up any other than freemen 
was impressed on the soil itself. 

That the faith of the States and the Nation thus 
pledged has been shamefully violated by the omis- 
sion, on the part of many of the States, to take any 
measures whatever for the abolition of slavery with- 
in their respective limits ; by the continuance of 
slavery in the District of Columbia and in the Terri- 
tories of Louisiana and Florida ; by the legislation of 
Congress ; by the protection afforded by National 
legislation and negotiating of slave- holding in Amer- 
ican vessels on the high seas, employed in the coast- 
wise slave traffic ; and by the extension of slavery 
far beyond its original limits by acts of Congress ad- 
mitting new slave States into the Union. 

That the fundamental truths of the Declaration 
of Independence that all men are endowed by theii 
Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which 
are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, was 
made the fundamental law of our National Govern- 
ment by that amendment of the Constitution, which 
declares that no person shall be deprived of life, lib- 
erty or property without due process of law. 

That we recognize as sound the doctrine main- 
tained by slave-holding jurists, that slavery is against 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



11 



natural rights, and strictly local, and that its exist- 
ence and continuance rests on no other support than 
State legislation, and not on any authority of Con- 
gress. 

That the General Government has, under the 
Constitution, no power to establish or continue 
slavery anywhere, and therefore that all treaties and 
acts of Congress establishing, continuing or favoring 
slavery in the District of Columbia, in the Territory 
of Florida, or on the high seas, are unconstitutional, 
and all attempts to hold men as property within the 
limits of exclusive National jurisdiction ought to be 
prohibited by law. 

That the provisions of the Constitution of the 
United States which confer extraordinary political 
powers on the owners of slaves, and thereby consti- 
tuting the two hundred and fifty thousand slave- 
holders in the slave States a privileged aristocracy ; 
and the provisions for the reclamation of fugitive 
slaves from service, are anti-republican in their char- 
acter, dangerous to the liberties of the people, and 
ought to be abrogated. 

That the practical operation of the second of 
these provisions is seen in the enactment of the act 
of Congress respecting persons escaping from their 
masters, which act, if the construction given to it by 
the Supreme Court of the United States in the case 
of Prigg r.s. Pennsylvania be correct, nullifies the 
habeas corpus acts of all the States, takes away the 
whole legal security of personal freedom, and ought, 
therefore, to be immediately repealed. 

The historical truth of this platform 
was recognized by a largely increased 
vote. The Democrats adopted a platform 
in which they simply reaffirmed that of 
1840, and brought in the question of the 
Oregon or Northwestern boundary line, 
upon which they made the great issue of 
the campaign and elected Polk. The 
Whigs adopted their first platform, which 
was brief and meaningless, comprised in 
the following resolution : 

That these principles may be summed as com- 
prising a well regulated National currency; a tariff 
for revenue to defray the necessary expenses of the 
Government, and discriminating with special refer- 
ence to the protection of the domestic labor of the 
country; the distribution of the proceeds from the 
sales of the public lands; a single term for the Presi- 
dency; a reform of executive usurpations; and gen- 
erally such an administration of the affairs of the 
country as shall impart to every branch of the public 
service the greatest practical efficiency, controlled 
by a well regulated and wise economy. 

Polk, the Democratic nominee, was 
elected over Henry Clav, the idol of the 



Whigs. By the time the next cam- 
paign, that of 1848, came about, the Lib- 
erty party had dissolved and had coalesced 
with those New England Democrats op- 
posed to slavery. The new combination 
called itself the Free-Soil party and its 
demands were modified from an attempt 
to overthrow slavery to an effort to con- 
fine it to its then borders. The Democratic 
convention again reaffirmed the platform 
of 1840 and put in a lot of meaningless 
matter about the war with Mexico and 
self-congratulation upon the administra- 
tion of Polk. The Whigs nominated Gen. 
Taylor, the hero of the Mexican War, and 
confined their platform to an argument 
that Taylor was really a Whig. The 
Free-Soil convention was the last of the 
three held, and while its platform covered 
much of the same historical ground as 
that of the Liberty party four years before 
the gist of its platform was contained in 
the eighth resolution adopted, as follows: 

That we accept the issue which the slave power 
has forced upon us ; and to their demand for more 
slave States and more slave territory, our calm but 
final answer is; No more slave States and no more 
slave territory. Let the soil of our extensive domain 
be kept free for the hardy pioneers of our own laud, 
and the oppressed and banished of other lands, seek- 
ing homes of comfort and fields of enterprise in the 
new world. 

Its view of the compromise legislation, 
then under discussion in Congress, was 
contained in the following : 

That the bill lately reported by the committee 
of eight in the Senate of the United States was no 
compromise, but an absolute surrender of the rights 
of the non-slave holders of the States; and while we 
rejoice to know that a measure which, while opening 
the door for the introduction of slavery into the Ter- 
ritories now free, would also have opened the door to 
litigation and strife among the future inhabitants 
thereof, to the ruin of their peace and prosperity, 
was defeated in the House of Representatives ; its 
passage in hot haste by a majority of the Senate, 
embracing several Senators who voted in open viola- 
tion of the known will of their constituents, should 
warn the people to see to it that their representatives 
be not suffered to betray them. There must be no 
more compromises with slavery; if made they must 
be repealed. 



12 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



While the Whigs won and held the 
Presidency during the next four years, 
the Democrats had a majority in both 
branches of Congress, and the slavery de- 
bates were very fierce, ending in the en- 
actment of a whole series of laws, includ- 
ing the freedom of California and the 
Fugitive Slave Law. The Democratic 
platform was the first in the field in 1852, 
and the party's position on the slavery ques- 
tion was covered by these resolutions : 

That Congress lias no power, under the Constitu- 
tion, to interfere with or control tha domestic insti- 
tutions of the several States, and that such States are 
the sole and proper judges of everything appertaining 
to their own affairs not prohibited by the Constitu- 
tion; that all efforts of the Abolitionists or others 
made to induce Congress to interfere with questions 
of slavery, or to take incipient steps in relation 
thereto, are calculated to lead to the most alarming 
and dangerous consequences, and that all such efforts 
have an inevitable tendency to diminish the happi- 
ness of the people and endanger the stability and 
permanency of the Union, and ought not to be coun- 
tenanced by any friend of our political institutions. 

That the foregoing proposition covers, and is in- 
tended to embrace, the whole subject of slavery 
agitation in Congress, and. therefore, the Democratic 
party of the Union, standing on this National plat- 
form, will abide by and adhere to a faithful execution 
of the acts known as the Compromise measures 
settled by last Congress— •■ the act for reclaiming 
fugitives from service labor" included, -which act, 
being designed to carry out an express provision of 
the Constitution, cannot, with fidelity thereto, be 
repealed nor so changed as to destroy or impair its 
efficiency. 

That the Democratic party will resist all attempts 
at renewing in Congress, or out of it, the agitation of 
the slavery question under whatever shape or color 
the attempt may be made. 

The Whigs followed two weeks later 
and accepted the situation in this resolu- 
tion : 

That the series of acts of the Thirty-second 
Congress, the act known as the Fugitive Slave Law 
included, are received and acquiesced in by the Whig 
party of the United States as a settlement in prin- 
ciple and substance of the dangerous and exciting 
questions which they embrace, and so far as they are 
concerned we will maintain them and insist upon 
their strict enforcement until time and experience 
shall demonstrate the necessity for further legislation 
to guard against the evasion of the laws on the one 
hand and the abuse of their powers on the other, not 
impairing their present efficiency; and we deprecate 
all further agitation of the question thus settled as 



dangerous to our peace, and will discountenanco all 
elforts to continue or renew such agitation whenever, 
wherever or however the attempt may be made, and 
we will maintain the system as essential to the Na- 
tionality of the Whig party and the integrity of the 
Union. 

The Free-Soil party met in Pittsburg 
ia August, and one of the most interesting 
features of its gathering was the nomina- 
tion for the Vice-Presidency of Geo. W. 
Julian, of Indiana, who afterwards be- 
came a famous leader of the Republican 
part}'. While a general platform was 
adopted, the interesting portion of it was 
comprised in the resolutions adopted on 
slavery as follows : 

Thr.t to the persevering and importunate de- 
mands of the slave power for more slave States, new 
slave Territories, and the nationalization of slavery, 
our distinct and final answer is : No more slave 
States, no slave Territory, no nationalized slavery, 
and no National legislation for the extradition of 
slaves. That slavery is a sin against God and a 
crime against man. which no human enactment nor 
usage can make right, and that Christianity, human- 
ity and patriotism alike, demand its abolition. 

That the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 is repugnant 
to the Constitution, to the principles of the common 
law. to the spirit of Christianity, and to the senti- 
ments of the civilized world; we, therefore, deny its 
binding force on the American people, and demand 
its immediate and total repeal. 

That the doctrine that any human law is a final- 
ity, and not subject to modification or repeal, is not 
in accordance with the creed of the founders of our 
Government and is dangerous to the liberties of the 
people. 

That the Acts of Congress known as the Com- 
promise measures of 1850, by making the admission 
of a sovereign State contingent upon the adoption of 
other measures demanded by the special interests of 
slavery; by their omission to guarantee freedom in 
the free Territories; by their attempt to impose un- 
constitutional limitations on the powers of Congress 
and the people to admit new States; by their provi- 
sions for the assumption of five millions of the State 
debt of Texas, and for the payment of five millions 
more, and the cession of large territory to the same 
State under menace, as an inducement to their relin- 
quishment of a groundless claim; and by their inva- 
sion of the sovereignty of the States and the liberties 
of the people, through the enactment of an unjust, 
oppressive and unconstitutional Fugitive Slave law, 
arc proved to be inconsistent with all the principles 
and maxims of democracy, and wholly inadequate 
to the settlement of the questions of which they are 
claimed to be an adjustment. 

That no permanent settlement of the slavery 
question can be looked for except in the practical 



OF THE STATE OK INDIANA. 



L3 



recognition of the truth that slavery is sectional and 
freedom national; by the total separation of the 
General Government from slavery, anil the exercise 
of its legitimate and constitutional influence on the 
side of freedom, and by leaving to the States the 
whole subject of slavery and the extradition of fugi- 
tives from service. 

While the Free Soilers increased their 
popular vote, they did not win any of the 

electoral votes. The Whig party, stand- 
ing for nothing in particular, was badly 
defeated and practically went out of exist- 
ence during the next four years because it 
was unable to meet tbe great issue that 
now tilled everyone's mind. Its conven- 
tion in 1856 was a miserable little gather- 
ing in Baltimore, which simply reaffirmed 
the nominations of the "American Party." 
This organization was a peculiar sporadic 
growth in American politics, and can be 
likened only to the foolish Anti-Masonic 
party that arose in 1832. The American 
party was a secret organization whose only 
bond of opinion was opposition to the 
Roman Catholic Church. All its meetings 
were held in secret, and it caused not a 
little terror from the fact that nobody 
knew who might be members of the organ- 
ization. 

The great event of this period was the 
formation of the Republican party. No 
sooner had the Democrats acquired their 
sweeping victory of 1S52, giving them no1 
only the presidency but a heavy majority 
in both branches of Congress, than they 
proceeded to tear down such of the com- 
promise legislation of L850 as did not 
suit the purpose of the slave holders. 
The infamous Kansas-Nebraska hill was 
brought in and passed in ls."U after long 
and tierce debates that were re-echoed at 
every fireside throughout the country. 
During this period of seething political 
excitement, large numbers of the Demo- 
crats throughout the north left their party, 
while it gained many accessions from the 
Whigs, who found their own party organ- 
ization rapidly going to pieces, after the 
deaths of Clav and Webster in is;,;.', in 



almost every State there were mass meet 
ings to discuss the Kansas -Nebraska bill 
anil efforts to form a new party, and this 
new party went under various names in 
various States. 

The first formal movement toward the 
creation of a new party to take the Repub- 
lican name was made in Wisconsin. At 
a meeting in Ripon, in that State, on Feb- 
ruary 28, 1854, composed of Whigs. Dem- 
ocrats and Free Soilers. steps were taken 
to drop all issues except that of slavery, 
and to unite on the single question of 
opposition to that institution's extension 
into the Territories. Alvan E. Bovay, one 
of the leading spirits of that gathering, 
proposed that the new party should call 
itself Republican. This was five days be- 
fore the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska 
bill in the Senate, and almost three months 
before its passage in the House, but when 
its enactment was seen to be inevitable. 
Michigan, at a State convention held on 
July c. 1854, adopted a Republican plat- 
form and nominated a Republican State 
ticket, the first State to take such action. 
Wisconsin and Vermont were among the 
States which held State conventions a week 
later, on July 13, the anniversary of the 
adoption of the ordinance of 17S7, which 
gave all the region north of the Ohio up 
to freedom, but these were the only States 
which formed a new party with the Re- 
publican name at that time. Massachu- 
setts followed this lead in a convention 
which met onSeptember 7. and New York 
did likewise in a convention which opened 
on September 26. Other Northern States 
held anti-slavery conventions in ls;,r. but 
these were the only States which formally 
started a new party bearing the Republi- 
can name in that year. The rest of the 
Free States fell into line in L855 or 1856. 

In February. 1856, the Republicans 
held a convention in Pittsburg to decide 
upon a plan of organization and by June 
the parts' was well enough organized 
throughout the North to hold a national 



14 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



convention. This met at Philadelphia, 
June 17, 1856, and nominated for Presi- 
dent Gen. John C. Fremont, the '-Path 
Finder," who, through his conquest of 
California, during the Mexican War, had 
become a popular hero. The meeting was 
presided over by Henry S. Lane, of Indi- 
ana, who was recognized from the first as 
one of the leading spirits of the new party. 
The platform adopted by this first conven- 
tion is worthy of repetition in full. It was 
as follows : 

This convention of delegates assembled in pursu- 
ance of a call addressed to the people of the United 
States, without regard to past political differences or 
divisions, who are opposed to the repeal of the Mis- 
souri Compromise, to the policy of the present ad- 
ministration, to the extension of slavery into free 
territory, in favor of admitting Kansas as a free 
State, of restoring the action of the Federal Govern- 
ment to the principles of Washington and Jeff erson, 
and who purpose to unite in presenting candidates 
for the offices of President and Vice-President, do 
resolve as follows: 

Resolved, That the maintenance of the principles 
promulgated in the Declaration of Independence and 
embodied in the Federal Constitution is essential to 
the preservation of our republican institutions, and 
that the Federal Constitution, the rights of the 
States, and the Union of the States, shall be pre- 
served. 

Resolved, That, with our republican fathers, we 
hold it to be a self-evident truth that all men are en- 
dowed with the inalienable rights to life, liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness, and that the primary object 
and ulterior design of our Federal Government were 
to secure these rights to all persons within its exclu- 
sive jurisdiction; that, as our republican fathers, 
when they had abolished slavery in all our National 
territory, ordained that no person should be deprived 
of life, liberty, or property, without due process of 
law, it becomes our duty to maintain this provision 
of the Constitution against all attempts to violate it 
for the purpose of establishing slavery in the United 
States by positive legislation prohibiting its existence 
or extension therein ; that we deny the authority of 
Congress, of a Territorial legislature, of any individ- 
ual or association of individuals, to give legal exist- 
ence to slavery in any Territory of the United States 
while the present Constitution shall be maintained. 

Resolved, That the Constitution confers upon 
Congress sovereign power over the Territories of the 
United States for their government, and that in the 
exercise of this power it is both the right and the 
duty of Congress to prohibit in the Territories those 
twin relics of barbarism, polygamy and slavery. 

Resolved, That while the Constitution of the 
United States was ordained and established by the 



people " in order to form a more perfect union, es- 
tablish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide 
for the common defense, promote the general wel- 
fare, and secure the blessings of liberty," and con- 
tains ample provision for the protection of life, liberty 
and property of every citizen, the dearest constitu- 
tional rights of the people of Kansas have been 
fraudulently and violently taken from them; their 
Territory has been invaded by an armed force; spu- 
rious and pretended legislative, judicial and executive 
officers have been set over them, by whose usurped 
authority, sustained by the military power of the 
Government, tyrannical and unconstitutional laws 
have been enacted and enforced; the right of the 
people to keep and bear arms has been infringed; 
test oaths of an extraordinary and entangling na- 
ture have been imposed as a condition of exercising 
the right of suffrage and holding office; the right of 
an accused person to a speedy and public trial by an 
impartial jury has been denied ; the right of the peo- 
ple to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and 
effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
has been violated; they have been deprived of life, 
liberty and property without due process of law; 
that the freedom of speech and of the press has been 
abridged; the right to choose their representatives 
has been made of no effect; murders, robberies and 
arsons have been instigated and encouraged, and the 
offenders have been allowed to go unpunished; that 
all these things have been done with the knowledge, 
sanction and procurement of the present administra- 
tion, and that for this high crime against the Consti- 
tution, the Union and humanity, we arraign the Ad- 
ministration, the President, his advisers, agents, 
supporters, apologists and accessories, either before 
or after the fact, before the country and before the 
world; and that it is our fixed purpose to bring the 
actual perpetrators of these atrocious outrages and 
their accomplices to a sure and condign punishment 
hereafter. 

Resolved, That Kansas should be immediately 
admitted as a State of the Union with her present 
free Constitution, as at once the most effectual way 
of securing to her citizens the enjoyment of the 
rights and privileges to which they are entitled, and 
of ending the civil strife now raging in her Territory. 

Resolved. The highwayman's plea, that "might 
makes right," embodied in the Ostend circular, was 
in every respect unworthy of American diplomacy, 
and would bring shame and dishonor upon any gov- 
ernment or people that gave it their sanction. 

Resolved, That a railroad to the Pacific Ocean by 
the most central and practicable route is impera- 
tively demanded by the interests of the whole country, 
and that the Federal Government ought to render 
immediate and efficient aid in its construction of an 
emigrant route on the line of the railroad. 

Resolved, That appropriations by Congress for 
the improvement of rivers and harbors of a National 
character required for the accommodation and se- 
curity of our existing commerce, are authorized by 
the Constitution and justified by the obligation of 



<>K THK STATE <»F INDIANA. 



15 



government to protect the lives and property of its 
citizens. 

Resolved, That we invite the affiliation and co- 
operation of freemen of all parties, however differing 
from us in other respects, in support of the principles 
herein declared; and. believing that the spirit of our 
institutions, as well as the Constitution of our coun" 
try, guarantees liberty of conscience and equality of 
rights among citizens, we oppose all legislation im- 
pairing their security. 

That this platform reached the heart 
of the people was shown by the tremendous 
vote polled by the party. While the Dem- 
ocrats won, the Republicans polled over a 
million votes and got 114 of the electoral 
votes, while they elected twenty Senators 
and ninety-two members of the House. 
Two years later they acquired two more 
Senators and 113 Representatives, which 
gave them a plurality in the House. In 
I860 came the memorable split in the 
Democratic party, one faction nominating 
Douglas, another Breckenridge, and an- 
other Bell. The Republicans nominated 
Abraham Lincoln and won with a clear 
majority of the electoral college. The 
Republican platform reiterated the prin- 



ciples enunciated in IS56 with some new- 
resolutions along the same lines. The 
regular Democratic convention met at 
Charleston. S. t'.. in April, I860. After 
a stormy session, in which fifty-seven bal- 
lots were taken, it adjourned without 
making nominations or adopting a plat- 
form. The followers of -John Bell met in 
Baltimore in May. They called themselves 
the Constitutional Union party and de- 
clared in favor of the preservation of the 
Union, without setting forth any definite 
principles on the subject of slavery. The 
other faction of the party met in Baltimore 
on June 11 and there split in two, one 
faction holding the fort and nominating 
John C. Breckenridge. of Kentucky. The 
other faction seceded on June IS and nom- 
inated Stephen A. Douglas. The plat- 
forms were practically the same, upholding 
the Fugitive Slave law. The consequences 
of the election of L860 are familiar to every 
one. The work of secession began shortly 
after the inauguration of Lincoln and the 
Civil War followed. 




BEGINNINGS I.N INDIANA. 



rpHE division of public sentiment on the 
1 slavery question thai gave rise to the 
Republican party was no new thing in 
[ndiana. As a matter of fact, this State 
had been the battle ground of slavery and 
anti-slavery sentiment from the very pe- 
riod that it came into possession of the 
United States. Slavery had been an in- 
stitution of the whole Northwest territory 
under the French rule. and. though the 
settlements were very few. nearly all of 
them had slaves. The institution contin- 
ued under the rule of the British, and 
slaves were still held in Indiana Territory 
even after the passage of the ordinances 
of 1787, containing the clause prohibiting 
slavery over the Territory. The settlers 
that came into the new Territory were for 
the most part from Virginia and Ken- 
tucky. Some of them brought with them 
slaves, while nearly all of them brought 
the Virginian and Kentuckian notions of 
the "institution." The names of "Fed- 
eralist" and '-Anti-Federalist." that di- 
vided parties in the older States immedi- 
ately after the adoption of the constitution. 
were practically unknown in Indiana, nor 
did the people here follow the later divi- 
sion of ••Democrats" and "National Re- 
publicans." Tlie factions were known as 
the Slavery and Anti-Slavery parties. 
Gen. William Henry Harrison, himself, 
as the first Governor of the Territory, was 
the leader of the slavery faction, and. 
during the long period of his governor- 
ship, from L800 to 1813, he never ceased 
in his efforts to have Congress repeal the 
clause of the ordinance of 17s;. forbid- 
ing slavery in the Territory. The spirit 
of opposition to him among the hardy 
pioneers of the Territory became on this 
account exceedingly hitter, and it was 
only the brilliance of his victories over 
the British and Indians in the War of 
L812 that kept this opposition from over- 
whelming him. Even as it was the party 



spirit grew extremely hitter, and two of 
Geu. Harrison's own appointees. Win. 
Mcintosh, the Territorial Treasurer, and 
John Rice Jones, the Attorney -General, 
joining in the opposition, assailed him so 
bitterly that Gen. Harrison finally Hied a 
libel suit and obtained a judgment of 
84,000 against Mcintosh. When Gen. 
Thomas Posey succeeded Harrison as Ter- 
ritorial Governor, in 1813, his whole effort 
was directed toward reducing the partisan 
strife in the Territory and bring about 
something like harmony. He accepted 
the ordinance of 1787 as it stood, and 
advised the people to acquiesce in it. The 
effect of his policy is noted in a resolution 
addressed to him by the legislature in re- 
sponse to his message, in 1815. in which 
occurred this sentence: 

During your administration many evils have 
been remedied, ami we particularly admire the calm, 
dispassionate, impartial conduct which lias produced 
the salutary effects of quieting the violence of party 
spirit, harmonizing the interests as well as the feel- 
ings of tha different [parties of the Territory, Under 
your auspices we have beuome one people. 

In L816 Congress passed an enabling 
act preparatory to the admission of Indi- 
ana into the Union as a State. In the 
election for Governor which followed. Gov- 
ernor Posey was a candidate against .Jon- 
athan Jennings who had served as the 
Territorial Delegate in Congress. .Jen- 
nings was successful and served as Gov- 
ernor six years. The delegates elected 
at the same time framed a constitution 
in which slavery was forbidden, hut this 
did not by any means end the slavery 
agitation in the State. Indiana was con- 
venient territory for the escape of fugitive 
slaves, and both the advocates of slavery 
and those of freedom took advantage of 
this fact — the latter for facilitating the 
escape of fugitive slaves and the former for 
the purpose of seizing free negroes under 
pretense of their being fugitives and car- 
rying them off into bondage. In his first 



OF THE STATE < >F INDIANA. 



message to the legislature. Governor Jen- 
nings said: 

I recommend to your consideration the pro- 
priety of providing by law. to prevent more effectually 

any unlawful attempts to -eizo ami carry into bond- 
age persons of color, legally entitled to their freedom ; 
and. at the same time, as tar as practicable, to pre- 
vent those who rightfully owe service to tin- citizens 
of any other State or Territory from seeking within 
the limits of this State a refuge from the possession 
of their lawful owners. Such a measure will tend 
to secure those who are free from any unlawful 
attempts (to enslave them) and secure the rights of 
tin- citizens of the other States and Territories a- far 
as ought reasonably lie respected. 

In 1817 Gov. Jennings transmitted 1" 

the legislature a letter from the Governor 
of Kentucky, complaining that fugitive 
slaves were beiug harbored and concealed 
by citizens of Indiana and protesting bit- 
terly against this practice, together with 
his own courteous reply. The matter was 
referred to a legislative committee, which 
made a lengthy report in part as follows: 

On the subject of the difficulties --aid to be expe- 
rienced by the citizens of Kentucky in regaining 
their fugitive slaves, your committee are of tie- 
opinion that the feelings of His Excellency, as well 
asof the legislature of Kentucky, have been governed 
in a great degree by the improper representations of 
individual-- who have been disappointed in their 
attempts to carry away those whom they claim 
as -laves from this State, without complying with 
the preliminary steps required by law. together with 
the groundless assertions of unprincipled individuals 
who have attempted, in many instances, to seize and 
carry away people of color, as slaves, who were free 
and as much entitled to the protection of the laws as 
any citizen of Indiana. * * * It is a well known 
fact that, whatever may be the opinion of our citi- 
zens on the abstract principles of slavery, and how- 
ever repugnant it may appear, in their estimation, 
to the principles of moral justice, there i-. but one 
sentiment prevalent on this subject of peopleof color 
migrating in any circumstances, to this State. It is 
believed, if not restricted, it would, in time, become 
an evil of not much Less magnitude than slavery 
itself. * * * Your committee in the further prose- 
cution of the duties assigned them, will take into 
consideration the laws on the subject of slaves escap- 
ing into this State, as well as the laws for the pun- 
ishment of the crime of man stealing, and. if it -hall 
be found that any new provisions ate necessary on 
either of these subjects, they will form the subjects 
of future reports. 

As the Staff developed aim grew in 
power, questions of internal improvements, 



banking, etc.. occupied tin' attention of the 
people in a considerable degree. It was n< 't 
until 1828 that tin- people <>f Indiana began 
to divide on party lines as known in the 
East, but in that election tin- supporters 
of Andrew Jackson generally assumed the 
name of Democrats in Indiana, while the 
followers of John ( t )uincv Adams were 
known as Whigs. This did not mean any 
realignment of parties. The party spirit 
engendered by the tierce struggles over 
the slavery question bad been too anxious 
for that. The slavery faction supported 
Jackson unanimously and the anti-slav- 
ery people supported Adams. Thus it 
happened that the Indiana Whigs were al- 
most universally Anti-Slavery men. and 
it is probable for this reason that the 
Abolitionists — first as the Liberty party 
and later as the Free-Soil party — did not 
mean a "feat deal of party strength in 
Indiana. The opponents of slavery here 
clung plainly to the notion that their sen- 
timents could be worked out through the 
Whig party, and they even supported, 
with the utmost loyalty. Gen. Win. Henry 
Harrison, as the Whig candidate for Pres- 
ident. While Geo. W. Julian was elected 
to Congress from the Wayne county dis- 
trict as a Free-Soiler, supported by Whig 
votes. Henry S. Lane was at the same 
time recognized as the leader of the Anti- 
Slavery sentiment in the State, and Lane 
never became identified with the Free- 
Soil party as such, nor severed his alle- 
giance to the Whig organization until the 
Republican party arose. 

After the Presidential campaign of 
1852 there was a general breaking up of 
party lines throughout the country, as 
even the politicians themselves began to 
rec. ignize that the next National campaign 
must be made practically upon the slavery 
issue. Everywhere throughout the free 
States there was an effort to form a new 
political organization from the Free-Soil- 
ers and from such Whigs and Democrats 
as were opposed to the slavery movement. 



is 



HISToin OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



While this took shape in the Republican 
party as early as February. L854, in Wis- 
consin, the movement was of somewhat 
slower growth in Indiana, a State that 
has been proverbially conservative in po- 
litical matters and proverbially slow in 
the matter of changing the party lines. 

The Kansas-Nebraska Bill, then pend- 
ing in Congress, was shaking the country 
to its foundations, and the first public 
movement against the Douglas doctrine 
of "Squatter Sovereignty" in Indiana 
arose among the Democrats of Jefferson 
county. On June 6 they issued a call 
for a mass meeting at Madison, under 
the name of Anti-Douglas Nebraska Bill 
Democrats, and this mass meeting adopted 
resolutions strongly denouncing the Kan- 
sas-Nebraska Bill. Madison, the county 
seat of Jefferson county, contained a very 
strong anti-slavery population, and was 
supposed to be one of the great stations 
of the "Underground Railroad." It had 
but recently been very greatly shaken by 
the Delia Webster incident. Delia Web- 
ster was a Kentucky woman of some 
wealth and an urgent opponent of slav- 
ery. The State of Kentucky conferred 
upon her the crown of martyrdom by 
compelling her to serve a term in the 
Kentucky penitentiary upon the charge 
of assisting slaves to escape. Upon her 
release she took up her residence across 
the river from Madison. Soon afterward 
a number of slaves in the neighborhood 
disappeared, and she was indicted for as- 
sisting them, but before the warrant could 
be served she escaped to Madison. There she 
was arrested upon a requisition from the 
Governor of Kentucky, honored by (tnv- 
ernor Wright, of Indiana. Before she 
could be carried across the Ohio she was 
released upon habeas corpus proceedings 
instituted by Joseph G. Marshall, her at- 
torney. In the trial of the Imbeds corpus 
proceedings Marshall's eloquence wrought 
up the crowd in the courtroom to a very 
high pitch, and the Kentucky officers were 



mobbed and driven from the courthouse, 
and only saved their lives by precipitant 
flight across the river. In Kentucky 
armed bodies of men were organized for 
the purpose of invading Indiana, and ex- 
citement ran high on both sides of the 
river for some time. But wiser coun- 
sels prevailed, and the incident was pro- 
ductive of no further violence. Shortly 
afterwards Indianapolis was the scene of 
another exciting contest over the slavery 
question. John Freeman, a negro, had 
long been a resident of the city when he 
was claimed by a man named Ellington, 
a resident of Missouri, who declared that 
Freeman, as his slave, had escaped from 
Kentucky. Freeman was arrested, but 
declared he was free, and had always 
been so; that he was born in Georgia, 
and from that State had come to Indiana, 
and that if permitted he could establish, 
by overwhelming testimony, that he was 
free. The anti-slavery element in India- 
napolis rallied around him. and the case 
was fought for weeks in the courts. Men 
were sent to Georgia, and brought back 
citizens of that State who identified Free- 
man, and who testified that they had 
known him from a boy. Others went to 
Kentucky, and from there traced the fu- 
gitive slave to Canada, and found him 
living in that country. For weeks India- 
napolis was in a fever of excitement, and 
armed men patrolled the streets near the 
jail to prevent Freeman from being carried 
away surreptitiously. At last the grand 
jury at Indianapolis returned an indict- 
ment against Ellington, charging him 
with perjury in swearing that Freeman 
was his slave. Ellington fled the State, 
and Freeman was released. 

The movement of the Jefferson county 
Democrats was followed by those of Hen- 
dricks county, who called their meeting 
on June 1 7. These meetings of Democrats 
recalled the fact that the Democratic State 
Convention of 1*411 had adopted the fol- 
lowing' resolution : 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



19 



That the institution of slavery ought not to be in- 
troduced into any Territory where it does not now 
exist. That inasmuch as California and New Mex- 
ico are in fact and law free Territories, it is the 
duty of Congress to prevent the introduction of 
slavery within their limits. 

The Democratic State convention of 

LS54 followed strictly upon the lines of the 
Democratic National platform of 1852 
which had stood clearly upon the side of 
the slave power. Ou June 16, the Indian- 
apolis Journal, which had stood as the 
champion of the Whigs, but was strongly 
anti-slavery in its tone, announced that 
a State convention, to he composed of all 
persons opposed to the platform laid down 
by the recent Democratic convention, would 
be held in Indianapolis on July 13, "to 
adopt such measures as they may deem 
proper in regard thereto.'" The Journal 
added, -'such is the feeling against the 
principles avowed at that time, that it is 
believed a very large concourse of people 
will come up to the capital on that day." 
( >n June 10 a regular call, signed by about 
seventy-five names of Democrats from 
Floyd. Ripley. Dearborn and Parke coun- 
ties, was published as follows : 

A majority of the recent Democratic convention 
having adopted resolutions setting forth a platform 
of principles to which we believe a majority of the 
people of this State are opposed we therefore call 
upon all such opponents, of whatever party, to meet 
at Indianapolis on the loth day of July next, at HI 
o'clock A. M., to adopt such measures in relation 
thereto as they may deem proper. 

A number of the Democratic news- 
papers of the State at that time were pub- 
lishing strong editorials denouncing the 
platform of the recent Democratic con- 
vention. 

But slavery was not the only issue that 
was causing dissatisfaction among the 
Democrats and working to the formation 
of a new party. A secret organization of 
the Know-Nothing party was spreading 
rapidly throughout the State, and. to add 
to the general complication, a temperance 
sentiment swept over the Slate, and dom- 
inated the counsels of the new party that 



was in process of formation. Anti-slav- 
ery mass meetings were held during the 
latter part of June in Wayne and Hamil- 
ton counties, and on July 4 even the 
Democratic stronghold of Shelby county 
held a big basket picnic, and. as "true 
patriots." denounced slavery. One does 
not have far to seek for the tremendous 
dissatisfaction expressed among the Demo- 
crats of Indiana at this time. In 1849, 
as noted above, the Indiana Democrats, 
in State convention, had expressed the 
view that California and New Mexico 
should be free States, and it had been 
with difficulty that the convention had 
been prevented from declaring in favor of 
the "Wilmot Proviso. - ' to the effect that 
slavery should he prohibited in the ter- 
ritory acquired from Mexico by purchase. 
The Democrats of Indiana, like the Whigs, 
had accepted the compromise legislation 
of 1S50. This legislation was the out- 
come of the "Omnibus Bill" brought in 
by Henry Clay, and. by its terms. Califor- 
nia was admitted as a free State, New 
Mexico and Arizona were organized as 
Territories without the "Wilmot Provi- 
so," and a stringent fugitive slave law 
was passed. It was the general under- 
standing of both Whigs and Democrats 
throughout the North that this compro- 
mise legislation preserved as nearly as 
possible the principle of the "Missouri 
Compromise" of 1820, by which it was 
declared that slavery should not exist 
above the line of latitude 36:30. Both 
parties regarded the troublesome question 
of slavery as settled for a long time. hut. 
at the beginning of the session of 1 *.".:'.. a 
bill was la-ought in for the admission of 
Nebraska as a State. Stephen A. Doug- 
las was chairman of the committee to 
which the bill was referred in the Senate, 
and the next day after its introduction he 
reported the bill with amendments which 
left to a vote of the people of the Terri- 
tory the question of whether or not Ne- 
braska should come in as a slave State. 



HISTORY OF T11K REPUBLICAN PARTY 



This was regarded as an overturning of 
the compromise of IS50 and a practical 
repeal of the ••Missouri Compromise," 
and the 1 » i 1 1 was fiercely debated, not only 
in Congress, but throughout the country. 
During the struggle over the bill in ! on- 
gress, the Territory of Kansas was also 
included in its provisions, and, after every 
parliamentary device to obstruct its pass- 
age had been exhausted, it was evident to 
the whole country that the Democratic 
majority in Congress would pass the 
odious measure. The hill was finally 
passed on May 25, IS54, but the day be- 
fore its passage the Democratic State con- 
vention of Indiana met. and. under the 
strict discipline of its party leaders, it 
turned its hack squarely upon the declara- 
tion of h4H. and adopted the following 
resolutions : 

That tin- Den rats of In. liana fully approve "I 

the principles of the act extending the law- of the 
United States over and organizing the Territories of 
Nebraska and Kansas. 

That we concur in the opinion that it is not prop- 
erly within the jurisdiction of I longress to determine 
the provisions of the ( institution of a State farther 
than to require that it he republican in form, but mi 
the contrary, that the people do possess the right and 
power to adopt such form of government a- they 
may deem best suited to their views and wants: and 
that this right should be recognized a- one oi the 
fundamental principles of self-government. 

That this convention is distinctly oppos sd to that 
provision of the Nebraska -Kansas Bill, commonly 
called the Clayton amendment, which made a dis- 
tinction between native born and foreign inhabi- 
tants, who ma) !>•■ residents of the Territories an. I 
feel gratified that the efforts of the Democracy have 
been successful in expunging that odious feature 
from the act. 

The reply to this declaration came in 
the quick revolt of Democrats in .Jeffer- 
son. Hendricks. Hamilton. Parke, Dear- 
born, Floyd and other counties, ami finally 
culminated in tin- call for the mass con- 
vention of duly l:i. On June 23, the 
citizens of Wayne county, without regard 
to party, held a meeting at Dublin and 
effected an organization of "Friends of 
free territory without regard to party 



names." < in the 24th, the citizens of 
Hamilton county met at Nbblesville, and 
adopted a resolution opposing the action 
of the Democratic members in Congress 
on the Kansas-Nebraska Bill. The meet- 
ing was composed of prominenl Whigs. 
Democrats and Free toilers. On the 1st 
of July all the Whig members from the 
free States and titty three Democratic 
members from the same States, who voted 
against the Nebraska Bill, issued an ad- 
dress to the people denouncing the meas- 
ure, and this was widely circulated in 
Indiana. On July 8, the first nominating 
convention of the allied forces opposed to 
slavery was held in Wayne county, and 
D. P. Holloway was named as their can- 
didate for Congress from that district. 
The principal Whig and Democratic news- 
papers carried each day announcement of 
the coming mass meeting of July 13, and 
on July In the Indianapolis Journal de- 
clared that from all parts of the State 
people, irrespective of former political dif- 
ferences, were coming to the capital, and 
predicted the greatest assemblage for po- 
litical purposes that had ever gathered in 
Indiana. Thomas A. Hendricks was rec- 
ognized as one of the strongest leaders of 
the Pro-Slavery Democrats in the State, 
and on July S the people of Johnson coun- 
ty, in mass meeting, adopted resolutions 
vigorously censuring his attitude on the 
question. On July In citizens of India- 
napolis held a meeting to make prepara- 
tions for the coming mass convention. 
The meeting was presided over by Wm. 
Sullivan, and H. C. Newcomb acted as 
secretary This gathering was held at 
the courthouse, and speeches were made 
by J. L. Ketcham. Jacob 1'. Chapman 
and Lucien Barbour, denouncing the Kan- 
sas Nebraska measure as a repeal of the 
Missouri Compromise. David Macy, Lu- 
cien Barbour, J. 1'. Chapman and J. L. 
Ketcham were appointed a committee to 
find a place for the meeting and make 
arrangements f< >r it. Am »ther c< tmmittee, 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



2] 



composed of H. C. Newcomb, James Sul- 
grove, Dr. W. ('. Thompson, Charles Se- 
crist, John D. DeFrees, Henry Tutewiler 
and Edward C. Pyle, was appointed to 
look after accommodations for the visit- 
ors. So many men from over the State 
had gathered in the city the day before 
the mass convention that a preliminary 
meeting was held on Wednesday night, 
July 12, in Washington Hall, which was 
tilled to its utmost capacity with men 
of various political affiliations. Jacob P. 
Chapman was made chairman of the 
meeting and John L. King, of .Madison, 
secretary. Speeches were made by Col. 
Henry S. Lane, Schuyler Colfax. S. S. 
Harding, John W. Wright and R. A. 
Riley. The vehement tenor of these 
speeches was a fair i ndx of the tense 
state of popular feeling against the Kan- 
sas-Nebraska Bill and the Douglas theory 
of "Squatter Sovereignty." There was 
nothing of abolition in them, but the fact 
that the Democratic party, controlled by 
the slave power, had acted in bad faith 
and had overturned the compromise of 
1850, by which this dangerous question 
had been put to sleep, and had even gone 
to the length of practically repealing the 
Missouri Compromise, was what had 
aroused the intense indignation of the 
people. 

The predictions about the mass meet 
ing had not been wrong. It was estim- 
ated that from 8,000 to L0,l people 

gathered for the mass meeting of July 
13. The convention was organized with 
Thomas Smith, of Ripley county, as pres- 
ident, and the following vice-presidents: 
Samuel Howe, Samuel Parker, L. Brig- 
ham, J. I'. Millikan, S. Nation. Dr. Rit- 
chey, Hon. ( >. P. Davis. H. L. Ellsworth, 
L. M. Trusdale. A. J. Towers. J. M. Con- 
well. The secretaries of the meeting 
were: M. C. Grarber, S. G. Matthews. 
James Wilson. C. 11. Jocelyn, R. A. Riley 
and Dr. Arnold. Mr. Smith was a life- 
Long Democrat, and his speech, upon 



assuming the chair, set forth at length the 
causes of the general revolt against the 
Democracy, and explained that it was 
necessary at this critical time for all forces 
opposed to that political organization to 
harmonize their minor differences and 
join hands in a supreme effort to over- 
throw it. A portion of his speech was de- 
voted to the temperance question, and was 
calculated to bring in line those Whigs 
and Democrats who believed this to be 
the chief issue. During the morning ses- 
sion other speeches Were made by Col. H. 
S. Lane, Geo. B. Jocelyn and H. S. Ells- 
worth. At the afternoon session speeches 
were made by Capt. John A. Hendricks 
and ex-Governor Bebb, of Ohio. The fol- 
lowing platform was reported by a special 
committee on resolutions, and adopted 
with enthusiasm: 

Whereas, We. the freemen of Indiana, without 
respect to party, and actuated by a common devo- 
tion to our Republic, ami a com n reverence for 

its founders, have assembled ourselves together in 
commemoration of the passage of the Ordinance of 
July 13th, 1787, consecrating the Northwest Terri 
tory to freedom; and, 

Whereas, The unanimous adoption of said < irdi 
nance by the Representatives of all the States in the 
Tnion, at that date, clearly evinces that opposition 
to the extension of slavery, to the extent of consti- 
tutional power, was the fixed policy of our fathers; 
and, 

Whereas. We regard the recent repeal of the 
eighth section of the "Missouri Compromise" as a 
gross and wanton violation of the faith of the Union, 
plighted to a solemn compact, restricting the exten- 
sion of slavery ; therefore, 

Resolved, First — That we are uncompromis- 
ingly opposed to the extension of slavery, ami 
further, that we utterly deprecate and repudiate the 
platform of principles adopted by the self-styled 
Democratic convention on the -1th day of May. 1854, 
endorsing and approving tin 1 Kansas Nebraska 
iniquity. 

Second — That we will waive all former party 
predilections, and, in concert, by all lawful means 
seek to place every branch of the Federal Govern- 
ment in the hands of men who will assert the rights 
of freedom, restore the Missouri Compromise, and 
refuse, under all circumstances, to tolerate the ex- 
tension of slavery into Territories secured to freedom 
by that compromise. 

Third— That we regard intemperance as a great 
political, moral ami social evil- a legitimate subject 



HISTORY OK THE KKITBLK A X PARTY 



of legislation — and that we are in favor of the pass- 
age nf a judicious, ci institutional ami efficient pro- 
hibitory law with such penalties as shall effectually 
suppress the traffic in intoxicating liquors as a 
beverage. 

A special nominating committee re- 
ported ;t ticket which was ratified by the 
convention. It was well understood by 

this time that the new party would get 
mosl of its strength from the Whigs, and 
tlic effort of tlic ticket makers was to put 
together a ticket that would draw as 
many votes as possible front the Demo- 
crats upon anti-slavery and temperance 
grounds. Tints the first three names on 
the ticket were those of men who had 
been and claimed that they still were 
Democrats. E. B. Collins, of Dearborn 
county, was named for Secretary of State; 
Hiram E. Talbott, of Putnam county, for 
Auditor of State; Wm. R. Nofsinger, of 
Parke comity, for Treasurer of State; 
Samuel B. Gookins. of Vigo county, for 
Judge of the Supreme Court, and Caleb 
Mills, of Montgomery county, for Super- 
intendent of the Public Schools. Polit- 
ical organization in those days was not so 
close as we know it now. hut nevertheless 
it was much on the same model. After 
naming its ticket the convention adopted 
a resolution authorizing- the president to 
appoint a State Central Committee com- 
posed of five men from Indianapolis and one 
representative from each of the eleven Con- 
gressional districts. On July 18 president 
Smith, of the convention, announced the 
appointment of the following committee: 

From Indianapolis -Lucien Barbour. John L. 
Ketcham, Win. Sullivan. Henry \V. Ellsworth. 
Douglas McGuire. 

From the Districts— First— Conrad Baker. Sec- 
ond—Samuel Parker. Third— M. C. Garber. Fourth 
—James H. Cravens. Fifth -Solomon Meredith. 
Sixth— Dr. Ritchey. Seventh— 0. P. Davis. Eighth 
—.Mark James. Ninth— Geo. Merrifleld. Tenth— 
Mr. Webster. Eleventh— John \V. Petit. 

The party thus launched did not iden- 
tify itself with the Republican party which 
was already organized in Wisconsin. Mi- 
chigan and some other States, though the 



great principle for which the Republican 
party stood was included in this platform. 
The people who joined the movement be- 
lieved that they were leaving their own 
party hut temporarily, and they talked of 
the gathering its "a movement of the 
people." Thus the organization came to 
he known as that of the People's party. 
The State election was held in October, 
and the campaign was therefore compara- 
tively short. M. C. Garber was made 
chairman of the State Committee, and 
conducted the campaign as vigorously as 
possible. The work of the chairman in 
those days was not confined simply to 
arranging for the speeches of candidates. 
It was his business to effect an organiza- 
tion in every county so that the poll could 
be taken and till the voters could lie got 
out. Naturally this was a very difficult 
undertaking. There was no way of find- 
ing out what any one man's politics were 
except by personal expression from him. 
But the organization was well put to- 
gether, and the campaign was well hand- 
led. While the necessary work of taking 
a poll of the State was put through, the 
principal feature of the fight was the 
speaking canvass, and the Fusionists. call- 
ing themselves the People's party, had the 
;td vantage of Lane's eloquence and of the 
best efforts of a number of the strongest 
men of both the Whig and Democratic 
parties, as well as the active influence and 
work of Geo. W. Julian and .all his follow- 
ing of the old Free-Soil party. During the 
.May convention of the Democrats, Oliver 
P. Morton, Judge Test and a number of 
others, leaders of the faction known as the 
"Free Democracy," had been driven from 
the hall with taunts and hisses because 
they opposed the endorsement of the Kan- 
sas-Nebraska outrage and clung to the 
policy enunciated in the Democratic State 
platforntof 1 S49. Later in the same month 
this faction of the Democracy held a State 
Convention at Indianapolis and declared 
the Kansas-Nebraska Hill "a violation of 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



23 



faith, a conspiracy against humanity, a 
link in the chain of the supremacy of slav- 
ery," and had recommended the calling of 
a State convention to combine all leaders 
in opposition to it. It was from this rec- 
ommendation that the State convention of 
July 13 and the formation of the People's 
party organization had developed. Dong- 
las, the leader of the Northern Democracy, 
made a number of speeches in Indiana and 
these were ansvveiedat the same places by 
Lane, Morton and Test Upon the slavery 
question both the Whigs and the Demo- 
crats held a position more or less negative 
and apologetic, while the vigorous new 
organization had all the best of it in its 



positive denunciations of the evil and its 
appeals to the humane sympathies of the 
people. The wave of temperance senti- 
ment that was sweeping over the State 
had no little effect upon the campaign and 
the new organization seized all the advan- 
tage it could from it . 

When the elections were over, not only 
the Democrats and Whigs, but the leaders 
of the People's party themselves, were 
vastly surprised to discover that they bad 
won a sweeping victory. The State ticket 

had been carried by a plurality of I:;. I 

and six of the eleven Congressional dis- 
tricts had been carried. 







CAMPAIGNS AND PLATFORMS. 



r |Ml E sweeping and unexpected victory of 
1 185-1 gave the movement an immense 
impetus, and jollification meetings were 
held all over the stale under the name of 
"People's Jubilees.'" One of these held 
in the Statehouse grove of Indianapolis 
on November I, was an enormous affair. 
Though there were n<> officers to elect in 
the following year, another mass conven- 
tion was held at Indianapolis on July l:>, 
1855, presided over by Judge Test, of 
Wayne county. It was attended by some- 
thing iiver 8,000 people and the platform 
of 1854 was readopted with great enthus- 
iasm, while the tenor of the speeches 
showed that hostility to slavery, rather 
than the temperance sentiment, was the 
greai cohesive force of the new party. The 
border war in Kansas was at its height, and 
while it formed the great topic for all that 
was said, such astute leaders as Lane. Mor- 
ton. Test, and Colfax did not disdain to 
devote considerable attention to the tem- 
perance sentiment and even to the anti- 
Catholic sentiment of the "Know-Noth- 
ings." 

CAMPAIGN OF L856. 

It was no easy matter to successfully 
guide the new party in Indiana. As the 
presidential campaign of 1856 began to 
loom into view, the political organizations 
that had sprung into existence throughout 
most of the Northern States to oppose 
slavery were endeavoring to get together 
in some form of National organization. 
The entanglements and enmities of two 
successive campaigns made it impossible 
for the organization of the Free-Soil party 
to take hold of and control the movement, 
though the Free Soilers, with generous 
patriotism, were ready at any moment to 
drop their own organization and cast their 
fortunes with the new. In most of the 
Northern States, the movement was crys- 
tallizing under the name of the Republican 



party, hut in Indiana it was impossible to 
bring this about. The •• Know -Nothings"' 
had a remarkably strong following in the 
northern part of the State, and. while they 
were willing to merge their forces tempo- 
rarily with the new movement, they were 
not at all willing to he absorbed into a 
new party under the name of Republican. 
When, after a great deal of correspondence 
between various State committees and 
leaders, the Republican convention for 
preliminary organization was called at 
Pittsburg on February 22, 1856, many 
delegates were in attendance from In- 
diana. Themethod of their selection was 
informal ami various. Some of them were 
self-constituted. Some had been selected 
by self-appointed meetings, calling them- 
selves Republican gatherings, and others 
went as representatives of the "People's 
party of Indiana.'" In Indiana the State 
convention was held on Thursday. .May 1. 
with Col. Henry S. Lane as president. 
Lane. Morton, Rev. Thomas A. Goodwin, 
William Grose, and. in fact, nearly all 
thi' men who had gone as delegates to 
Pittsburg, were anxious that the party 
should formally assume the name of 
Republican, hut a large number of the 
delegates from Northern Indiana attended 
the convention as ••Americans" or ••Know- 
Nothings."' Theyinsisted upon preserving 
their identity, and it was discovered that 
a considerable number of men who had 
been acting with the Whig and Demo- 
cratic parties were not yet ready to perma- 
nently give up their old political allegiance. 
A nominating committee of thirty-three. 
threefrom each Congressional district, was 
appointed with practically plenary powers. 
This committee was to name the resolu- 
tions committee, nominate the State ticket, 
name one person from each Congressional 
district as "People's State Electors," with 
two at large, and also three delegates from 
each district, with three at large to the 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



25 



"People's National Convention" to meet 
at Philadelphia. June 17. l s "ai. This, of 
course, was the National convention that 
had been called by the Republican confer- 
ence of Pittsburg, hnt so sensitive were 
the various elements in Indiana about the 
name " Republican " that it was necessary 
to use this transparent subterfuge. The 
platform adopted was short and to the 
point, as follows : 

The people of Indiana, consisting of all who are 
■ i| i]>, ,-<■, i to th.' policy of the present Federal admin- 
istration, assembled in convention at the capital of 
the State, now submit to the people the following 
platform of principles: 

Resolved, First — That we are uncompromisingly 
opposed to the extension of slavery, and that we 
utterly repudiate the platform of principles adopted 
by the self-styled Democratic convention of this 
State endorsing and approving the Kansas-Nebraska 
iniquity. 

Second -That we will resist by all proper means 
the admission of any slave State into this Union, 
formed out of the Territories secured to freedom by 
the Missouri Compromise, or otherwise. 

Third — That we are in favor of the immediate 
admission of Kansas as a free State. 

Fourth— Thai, we are in favor of the naturaliz- 
ation laws of Congress, with rive years' probation, 
and that the right of suffrage should accompany and 
not precede naturalization. 

Fifth — That we believe the General Assembly 
of the State has the power to prohibit the sale of 
intoxicating liquors as a beverage, and that we are 
in favor of a constitutional law which will effect 
ually suppress the evils of intemperance 



Tl 



ticket was nominate 



Governor— Oliver P. Morton. 
Lieutenant-Governor — Conrad Baker. 
Auditor of State— E. W. H. Ellis. 
Secretary of State— John W. Dawson. 
Treasurer of State — Wm. P. Nofsinger. 
Supi rinti mli at of Instruction — Charles Barnes. 
Attorney-General — James II. Cravens. 
Reporter Supreme Court— John A. Beall. 

The delegates chosen for the National 
convention to meet at Philadelphia, in 
June, were: 

.1/ Large — Henry S. Lane. Montgomery: John 
D. DeFrees, Marion: Wm. M. Dunn. Jeff erson ; J. M. 
Wright. Cass; Godlove S. Ortb. Tippecanoe, and C. 
H. Test. Wayne. Find District— Willard Carpen- 
ter. Vanderburg; Andrew Lewis, and Wm. M. .Mor- 
rison, Warrick. Second District— to be decided by 
district convention. Third District— J. J. Cummins. 



Jackson: Wm. Sharp. Jennings, and M C. Garber. 
Jefferson; Fourth District— Geo. P. Buell Dearborn. 
J. H. Farquahar, Franklin; Thos. Smith. Ripley. 
Fifth District— Geo. B. Julian. Wayne; M. L. Bundy. 
Henry; B. F. Claypool, Fayette. Sixth District— 
Jonathan S. Harvey, Marion; James Bitchey, John- 
son; Joseph S Miller. Hendricks. Seventh District— 
Geo. K. Steele. Parke; Daniel Sigler. Putnam: B. A. 
Allison, Owen. Eight District — James Wilson. 
Montgomery: R. C. Gregory. Tippecanoe; Wm. 
Bowers. Boone. Ninth District — D. G. Rose and 
D. R. Bearss, Miami; T. H. Bringhurst, Cass. Tenth 
District—,!. C. Power. Kosciusko: John Mitchell, 
Noble. Samuel Hanna. Allen. Eleventh District— 
J. D. Connor, Wabash; C. D. Murray. Howard; 
Isaac Vandevanter, Grant. 

A part of the Congressional nomina- 
tions were made by the delegates to this 
convention, hut most of them were made 
by district conventions. The nominees 
were as follows: 

First District— James C. Veach. Second-John 
N. Wilson. 77m-d-John A. Hendricks. Fourth— 
William II. Cumback. Fifth — David Kilgore. si.ctlt 
— John Coburn. Seventh — John P. Usher. Eighth — 
James Wilson. Xinth — Schuyler Colfax. Tenth - 
Samuel Brenton. Elect nth — John U. Petit. 

The president of the convention was 
authorized to appoint a State Committee, 
which he named as follows: 

From Indianapolis— John D. DeFrees, J. S. Har 
vey. D. McGuire, James Blake. James Sulgrove 
First District— Thos. F. DeBruler. Second— John 

Ferguson. Third — John R. Cravens. Fourth — 
John H. Farquahar. Fifth— Miles Murphy. Sixth— 
James Ritchey. Seventh — George K. Steele. Eighth 
— 0. S. Clark. Ninth— D. G. Rose. Tenth— T. G. 
Harris. Eleventh— James A. Stretch. 

John D DeFrees was made chairman 
of this committee and prosecuted a most 
vigorous campaign. While he was chair- 
man of the People's party organization, 
his work was done in intimate connection 
with that of the National organization of 
the Republican party, formed at Philadel- 
phia in .1 nne. actingthrough .James Ritchie 
who was made member id' the Republi- 
can National Committee from Indiana by 
the Indiana delegates to that convention. 
The nomination of Morton had not been 
considered until a couple of days before the 
convention met. The Democrats had held 
their convention in January, had approved 



26 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, condemned se- 
cret political orders, and had opposed all 
prohibitory or sumptuary legislation. This 
platform made it impossible that the Dem- 
ocrats could obtain any votes from the 
"Know-Nothings, "or temperance element 
or Free-Soilers. but the Democracy was 
considerably stronger than all the other 
political organizations in the State emu 
bined. and it was necessary to wean away 
as many Democratic votes as possible. 
Moreover, the Democrats had nominated 
Ashbel P. Willard, a young man of thirty- 
six years. Morton had the virtue of having 
been a Democrat. He was young and vig- 
orous and had already forced a large 
measure of public recognition by his ability. 
The campaign was largely an affair of 
speeches. Morton and Willard started out 
with a joint debate at Centerville and an- 
other at Newcastle. As is usual in joint 
debates the partisans of each man claimed 
the victory. Then a disagreement arose 
about further appointments and fruitless 
conferences were held between Chairman 
DeFrees and Willard. Finally a, list of 
appointments was made out for Morton. 
and Willard followed him up with a chal- 
lenge for joint debates. He was soon 
accommodated, and the two stumped the 
State together. Henry S. Lane. Schuyler 
Colfax, Godlove S. Orth, George W. Julian 
and others of scarcely less ability stumped 
the State. It was one of those times of 
turbulence that bring forth giants and 
leaders of men Nor was the work of 
organization pursued with any less vigor 
than the speaking canvass, though the 
Democrats naturally had the advantage 
here. Their organization was of long 
standing, and in every county it sprang 
into active existence at the command of 
the State Committee: while the People's 
party hail not succeeded in putting to- 
gether a complete organization in 1854, 
and had to depend largely upon local 
organizations of the elements of which the 
party was made up, namely, Free-Soilers, 



"Americans" and " Anti- Nebraska Dem- 
ocrats." Unquestionably many voters 
were imported from Kentucky bythe Dem- 
ocrats and not a few from Ohio by the 
Republicans or People's party for the 
October election. As the campaign drew 
to a close Morton, Chairman DeFrees ami 
all the leaders of the new party were con- 
fident of success, but when the votes were 
counted out after the October election it 
was found that Willard had won by about 
6,000, and the candidates for minor offices 
on the Republican side had been defeated 
by larger majorities. When the Novem- 
ber election came on for Presidential elect- 
ors, Indiana, went Democratic by 20,000, 
but the Republicans succeeded in carrying 
five of the eleven Congressional districts, 
electing Kilgore, Wilson, Colfax, Brenton 
and Petit. All these districts lay in the 
northern and more thinly settled part of 
the State, and the geographical division 
that still marks most of the northern part 
of Indiana as Republican and the southern 
part as Democratic seems to have been first 
marked b_v the slavery agitation of this 
campaign of 1S5G. 

After the defeat there was a very nat- 
ural fear that the new party would disin- 
tegrate into its original elements, but it 
had been organized during the campaign 
with fair compactness and a bitter fight in 
the succeeding legislature helped to hold 
it together. In the legislature elected in 
1854, which met in January, 1855, the 
People's party had a heavy majority in the 
House while the Democrats held the Sen- 
ate. A memberof the United StatesSenate 
should have been elected, and Joseph G. 
Marshall was the candidate of the party. 
The Democratic Senate, however, refused 
to go into joint session with the House, 
and thereby prevented an election. In the 
legislature of 1857 the Republicans had a 
majority in the Senate, but the Democrats 
had carried the House and had a majority 
of one on joint ballot. There were two 
United States Senators to elect. The 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



Republicans of the Senate turned the tables 
and declined to go into joint session. 
However, a joint session had already been 
held for the purpose of receiving the Gov- 
ernor's message and it had adjourned to 
the appointed time for the election of Sen- 
ators. The Democratic minority in the 
Senate went to the hall of the House at 
this time. Tlie joint session was recon- 
vened, Bright and Pitch, the Democratic 
candidates, were declared elected, and the 
United States Senate accepted their rum- 
missions made out by Gov. Willard and 
seated them. This defeat helped greatly 
to solidify the party. 

CAMPAIGN (»F LS5S. 

The trend of events was strengthening 
the Republican organization throughout 
the Union, and. though Indiana was more 
conservative than most of the Northern 
States in taking up the fight, the growing- 
power of the party was reflected in the 
convention of 185S. There was no longer 
any question about assuming the Repub- 
lican name. The ••American" party had 
disappeared and the flood of temperance 
sentiment had subsided. ( >ne after an- 
other all questions in the minds of the 
people had Keen swallowed up in the great 
issue as to whether Kansas and Nebraska 
and all the vast territory lying north and 
west of them were to be the homes of free- 
men or of slaves. In fact, when the con- 
vention of L858 assembled at Indianapolis 
on March 4. the only objection raised to 
the proceedings came not from those who 
clung to old party affiliations, but from the 
••original Abolitionists" who formed the 
more radical element of the party under the 
Leadership of George W". Julian. Julian 
had been from the very moment that he 
entered politics a robust and uncompro- 
mising foeof slavery and of everything that 
tended toward not only the extension of the 
institution, but even of its existence in the 
cotton States of the Atlantic, where it was 



intrenched behind the precedents, legal 
enactments, and popular habits of years. 
Morton presided over the convention and 
appointed a committee on resolutions which 

brought in the following platform: 

Tlie Republicans of Indiana, in mass convention 

assembled |iriicliiiin III'' I' ill'.u inu 

First — That our National Government ought to 
In' mi administered us to promote harmony between 
the different sections of our country, secure tlie 
affections of all the people of the United States, and 
command the respect of the nations of the earth. 

Second — That the people of a Territory when 
they r.iiiie to form a constitution preparatory to 
their admission to the Union as a State have the right 
to adopt such a constitution, being republican in 
form, as may be acceptable to themselves, and that 
no State ought to be received into the Union before 
the constitution thereof has been fully and fairly 
submitted to the people for their adoption or rejec- 
tion and received the approval of the majority of its 
legal voters. 

Third— That the attempt now being so persist- 
ently made by tile present administration to inipo-e 
upon Kansas the Lecompton constitution notoriously 
obnoxious to tlie great majority of her citizens, and 
with no object but to force upon them institutions 
against which they have repeatedly and most earn- 
estly protested, is a gross outrage upon the people of 
the Territory, and calculated to disturb the peace and 
harmony of the country. 

Fourth That freedom is National and slavery 
sectional, and that we do most earnestly protest 
against and denounce the dangerous and alarming 
doctrine first promulgated by the disunionists and 
nullifiers of the South, that the Constitution of the 
United States itself carries slavery into, and protects 
it in all the Territories of the United Stat -s. and this 
doctrine and all its supporters, maintainers ami 
defenders, whether in or out of authority, we here 
pledge ourselves to resist and oppose, as enemies to 
the peace and welfare of the country. 

Fifth — That we reaffirm the doctrine, that Con- 
gress has the constitutional power to exclude slaverj 
from tlie National Territories, notwithstanding the 
extrajudicial opinion of the Supreme Court of the 
United States to the contrary. 

Sixth— That we disclaim the right to interfere 
with slavery in the States where it exists under the 
shield of State sovereignty, but we oppose now, as 
heretofore, its extension into any of the Territories 
and will use all proper and constitutional means to 
prevent such extension 

Si venth — That we do not struggle for a mere 
party triumph, but for the right, and for the good 
of our whole country, and that we honor those po 
litical opponents who have had the manliness to place 
themselves in opposition to tin- administration in the 
assault upon the fundamental principles of Ameri- 
can liberty. 



HlsTdKY (IK THK REPUBLICAN" 1'AKTY 



Eighth— That Jesse D. Bright ami Graham N. 
Fitch are not of right the representatives of this 
state in the Senate of the United States, and ought 
tn be immediately ousted therefrom. 

Ninth— That we "ill always resist the scheme 
..I selfish and unscrupulous persons, high in power, 
having for its object the re-transfer of the Wabash 
and Erie Canal from the bondholders to the State. 

Tenth— That we are in favor of granting to 
actual settlers (in the public lands a homestead of at 
least 160 acres. 

This pronouncement was too moderate 
by half for the Abolitionists, and Julian 
attacked it vigorously upon the floor. He 
demanded an explicit reaffirmation of the 
platform adopted at Philadelphia two 
years before, and Morton ruled his motion 
out of order. Julian appealed from the 
chair, and his appeal was sustained by a 
whirlwind of votes, and he proceeded with 
his speech. Morton came down to the 
floor of the convention and replied, stat- 
ing frankly that it was better to submerge 
all minor differences, all radicalism and 
conservatism in the effort to hold the party 
together, and give the verdict of Indiana 
against the extension of the slave power. 
Lane and others of the more conservative 
leaders of the party suppported this view, 
and the platform was finally adopted by a 
unanimous vote. There was not much 
difficulty in the matter of nominating of- 
ficers, and the following ticket was put in 
the Held : 

Secretary of State— Wm. A. Peelle, Randolph. 
Auditor of stale — Albert Lange, Yi^'n. 
Treasurer of State — John H. Harper, St. Joseph 
Attorney-General -Wm. T. Otto, Floyd. 
Supreme Judges—First District — Horace P. Bid 

die. Cass. Second— Abrarn W. Hendricks. Jeffer- 
son. Third — Simon Yandes, Marion. Fourth— Win. 
1). Griswold, Vigo. 

Superintendent of Instruction — John Young. 
.Marion. 

The Congressional nominees were: 
First District— Alvin P. Hovey. Second — John X. 
Wilson. Third— Wm. M. Dunn. Fourth— Pleasant 
A Qackleman. Fifth— David Kilgore. Sixth— Al 
lii-rt G.Porter. Seventh — Henry Secrist, Eighth 
James Wilson. Ninth -Schuyler Colfax. Tenth- 
Charles Case. Eleventh-John V. Petit. 

While the campaign was not so fierce 
in the "off year" as it had been in 1856, 



yet both parties contended fiercely for the 
State. The State C'ommitteee was this 
year, by resolution of the convention, 
composed of three men from each district, 
hut this committee itseli elected a State 
Executive Committee, composed of one 
man from each district, and placed M. C. 
Garber, of Jefferson county, at its head as 
chairman. The other members of the 
committee were: 

First District— James Mason. Knox; Jas. C. 
Veateh, Spencer; Conrad Baker, Vanderburg. Sec- 
ond District — Inlni W. Ray. Clark: Walter A. 
Gresham, Harrison; Alfred Hayes. Scott. Third 
I >ixt ricl John I; Cravens, Jefferson; Isaac Rector. 
Lawrence; Simeon Stansifer, Bartholomew. Fourth 
District— David G. Rabb, Ohio; Abram Hendricks. 
Decatur: Pleasant A. Hackleinan. Rush. Fifth Dis- 
trict — Nelson Trusler, Fayette; John C. Lyle. Wayne: 
Thomas M. Browne, Randolph. Sixth District — 
Benj. Harrison. Marion; Joseph Miller, Hendricks; 
A s. Griggs, Morgan. Seventh District — Thomas 
H. Nelson. Vigo; D. C. Donobue, Putnam; (feorge 
K. Steele. Parke. Eighth District— Dr. Larabee. 
Montgomery: Godlove O. Behm, Tippecanoe: George 
Wagoner. Warren. Ninth District — A. L. Osborn. 
LaPorte; D. D. Pratt. Cass: Mark L. DeMotte. Por- 
ter. Tenth District— Thomas G. Harris. Elkhart. 
Wm. Mitchell. Noble; John W. Dawson. Allen. 
Eleventh District — James Brattam. Huntington: 
James A. Stretch, Grant; T. C. Phillips, Hancock 

Among the men participating in this 
campaign were a number who were to be- 
come very famous in later years. Albert 
G. Porter, for whom the future held the 
Governorship of Indiana and the mission 
to Italy, here made his first political race 
to]- Congress in the sixth district. Alvin 
P. Hovey. later to be the famous General 
and Governor of the State, had finally 
cast off bis allegiance to the Democracy 
mi account of the Kansas-Nebraska out- 
rage, and was running for Congress in 
the first district. Schuyler Colfax, late 
Speaker of the House and Vice-President 
of the United States, was the Congres- 
sional nominee in the tenth district. Ben- 
jamin Harrison, destined to hold later 
the highest office within the gift of the 
Republic, was just out of college, had 
opened a law office in Indiana, and cast 
his fortunes with the new party, throwing 



(IF THK STATE (IF INDIAN \. 



29 



himself into this campaign with a vigor 
and ability that brought him to the front 
with remarkable rapidity. Though the 
Democrats gained a victory upon the State 
ticket, it was evident that two years more 
of such growth by the Republican party 
would give it the State. While Willard 
had been elected in LS56 by ."..sun majority 
the Republicans made a net gain of 3,222 
votes in the State and lost it by only about 
2,500 The Republicans elected seven of 
the eleven Congressmen: Messrs. Petit. 
Case, Colfax, Wilson, Porter, Kilgore and 
Dunn. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1860. 

After the campaign of 1858 there was 
no longer any question of the compactness 
and unity of the party in Indiana. On 
the other hand, the Indiana Democracy 
showed some of the germs of disintegra- 
tion that were tearing the party to pieces 
all through the North. The fierce fight 
between the Douglas Democrats and the 
followers of President Buchanan was re- 
flected in some degree here. and. though 
the Douglas Democrats had a considerable 
majority in the party, the administration 
had faithful supporters in Senator Jesse 
D. Bright, who had been for twenty years 
a despotic leader of the Indiana Demo 
crats, Governor Willard and a number of 
other men in high places. The habit of 
the Indiana Democrats of holding their 
State conventions in January partially 
saved them from the consequences of the 
various National conventions that split 
the party into four sections in L860. They 
adopted a platform broad enough for the 
various shades of opinion in the party to 
stand upon, and nominated Thomas A. 
Hendricks for Governor, one of the ablest 
orators and by far the most adroit politi- 
cian the Democratic party of Indiana has 
brought forth. So able was his manage- 
ment of affairs that all sections of the 
Democracy in the State supported the 



State ticket, headed by himself, though 
after the break-up of tin- National organ 
ization the convention got together by 
Senator Bright nominated Breckenridge 
electors. This move*, however, was not 
necessarily fatal to the State ticket, for 
the State election was held in October, 
an all Democrats could get together upon 
it. and then fight out their Presidential 
differences in the November election. I >n 
the ticket with Hendricks was David 
Turpie. whose brilliant oratory and keen 
ability as a logician added not a little 
strength to it. 

The two conspicuous figures in the Re* 
publican party were Morton and Lane, 
both of them great, but men of very dif- 
ferent stamp, resembling each other only 
in their patriotism, integrity and conscien- 
tious belief in Republican principles. 
Lane was a brilliant orator and had the 
indolence of genius; Morton was a logical 
and convincing speaker. He was poss- 
essed of that genius which is defined as 
the infinite capacity for work. Lane had 
all the elements that go to make up per- 
sonal popularity. He was genial, affable 
and bright in his conversation. Morton 
was a man who inspired respect and in- 
tense loyalty among his followers, but he 
was apt to be taciturn, thoughtful and 
blunt in his statements, even to the point 
of brusqueness. A large section of the 
Republicans naturally turned to Morton 
who had led the ticket in L856 as the man 
to be nominated in I860, but another very 
large element believed that the personal 
popularity and brilliant qualities of Lane 
would give more strength to the party. 
It was suggested to Morton that he accept 
the second place on the ticket with the 
understanding that if the Republicans 
should succeed in electing the legislature 
Lane should go to the Senate, thus giving 
the Governorship to Morton. The sug- 
gestion was not at all well received by Mor- 
ton at first. He would have preferred to 
head the ticket himself, but. if he was to 



30 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



accept the second place and make the cam- 
paign under these conditions, he believed 
that his reward should be the Senatorship 
rather than the Governorship. After a 
number of conferences preceding the State 
convention, which was held on February 
2*2, I860, Morton yielded, and there was 
nothing to br< ak the harmony of the con- 
vention. The meeting- was presided over 
by Pleasant A. Hackleinan, and such was 
the general harmony of feeling that the 
platform presented was adopted unani- 
mously, without deliate. as follows: 

ResoJved, First — That -while disunion doctrines 
are proclaimed in the halls of Congress by the Dem- 
ocracy, and disunion purposes openly avowed we 
point with pride to the fact that not a single Repub- 
lican, either iu Congress or in the walks of private 
life — not a single Republican press — not a single Re- 
publican orator — not a single Republican convention 
has avowed any design against the integrity of the 
Union, even should the present administration and 
its corrupt policy be perpetuated by the vote of the 
people. 

Second — That we are opposed to the new and 
dangerous doctrine advocated by the Democratic 
party, that the Federal Constitution carries slavery 
into the public Territories; that we believe slavery 
cannot exist anywhere in this Government unless 
by positive local law, and that we will oppose its 
extension into the Territories of the Federal Govern- 
ment by all the power known to the Constitution of 
the United States. 

Tli ird — That we are opposed to any interference 
with slavery where it exists under the sanction of 
State law; that the soil of every State should be 
protected from lawless invasion from every quarter, 
and that the citizens of every State should be pro- 
tected against illegal arrests and searches, as well as 
from mob violence. 

Fourth — That the Territory of Kansas, now de- 
siring admission under a Constitution republican in 
form, expressing the will and wish of an overwhelm- 
ing majority of her people, ought to be admitted as 
a sovereign member of the Union, speedily and 
without delay. 

Fifth — That we are in favor of the immediate 
passage by Congress of a Homestead Law, thereby 
giving out of our public domain homes to the home- 
less. 

Sixth — That the fiscal affairs of the State of In- 
diana have been badly managed. That State officers 
have been shown to be defaulters to large amounts, 
and suffered to go unprosecuted. That large 
amounts of public money have been squandered to 
enrich officials and partisan favorites, and that when 
the representatives of the people sought to stop 
those peculations, by the passage of an ■•Embezzle- 



ment Bill,'' the Governor of the State vetoed that bill, 
and thus kept the doors of the treasury open to be 
further robbed by dishonest partisans. 

Seventh — That it is the duty of every branch of 
the Federal Government to enforce and practice the 
most rigid economy in conducting our public affairs, 
and the acts of certain parties in high places, in 
cheating and defrauding the Government out of 
large and valuable tracts of public lands, as well as 
a reckless waste and extravagant expenditure of the 
public money, by which the National treasury has 
become bankrupt and a borrower in the public mar- 
kets, by the sale of bonds and treasury notes, meets 
our earnest condemnation. 

Eighth — That we consider the slave trade as 
justly held to be piracy by the laws of nations and 
our own laws, and that it is the duty of all civilized 
nations, and of our public authorities to put a stop 
to it in all parts of the world . 

Ninth — That we are in favor of equal rights to 
all citizens, at home and abroad, without reference 
to their place of nativity, and that we will oppose 
any attempt to change the present naturalization 
laws. 

Tenth — That we regard the preservation of the 
American Union as the highest object and duty of 
patriotism, and that it must and shall be preserved, 
and that all who advocate disunion are, and deserve 
the fate of traitors. 

Eleventh — That we take this occasion to ex- 
press our thanks to the Republican members in Con- 
gress, from this and other States, for their persever- 
ance and triumphant success in the organization of 
the House of Representatives, in the election of 
high-minded and National men, over the efforts of a 
corrupt, sectional and disunion party. 

Twelfth — That a railroad to the Pacific ocean, 
by the most central and practicable route, is impera- 
tively demanded by the interests of the whole coun- 
try and that the Federal Government ought to 
render immediate and efficient aid to its construc- 
tion. 

Thirteenth— Thai, the soldiers of the War of 1812 
who yet remain among us, deserve the grateful 
remembrance of the people, and that Congress should 
at once recognize their services by placing their 
names upon the pension rolls of the Government. 

Fourteenth — That we are opposed to the retro- 
cession of the Wabash and Erie Canal, as well as to 
the State becoming liable for any of the debts or 
bonds, for which the same was transferred to satisfy. 

The following State ticket was nomin- 
ated : 

Governor — Henry S. Lane, Montgomery. 
Lieutenant-Governor — O. P. Morton, Wayne. 
Secretary of State — William A. Peelle. Randolph. 
Treasurer of State — Jonathan S. Harvey. Clarke. 
Auditor of State — Albert Lange, Vigo. 
Attorney-Gi n< nil — James G. Jones, Vanderburg. 
/,'. porter of Supreme Court — Benjamin Harrison, 
Marion. 



(IF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



31 



Clerk of Supreme Court — John P. Jones, La 
Grange. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction — Miles J. 
Fletcher, Putnam. 

The Congressional nominees were: 

First District — Lemuel Q. DeBruler. Second 
District— John G. Davis. Third District— William 
M.Dunn. Fourth District— James L. Yates. Fifth 
District — Geo. W. Julian. Sixth District — Albert 
G. Porter. Seventh District — Thomas H. Nelson. 
Eighth District— Albert S. White. Ninth District— 
Schuyler Colfax. Tenth District— William Mitchell. 
Eleventh District — John P. C. Shanks. 

The convention appointed the following- 
State committee: 

Alexander H. Conner. Chairman; Robert B. 
Duncan. John A. Buchanan, Thomas Cottrell, and 
George F. Meyer, of Marion county, to constitute the 
executive part of the committee. Other portions of 
the State represented by Samuel Hall, Thomas H.Col- 
lins, D. C. Branham, S. S. Harding, John Schwartz, 
John S. Lyle. Robert N. Hudson, H. S. Hazlerigg, 
Thomas S. Stanfield, Benjamin W. Oakley, and 
Thomas J. Harrison. 

The Indiana Eepuhlicans took an im- 
portant part in the National convention 
held at Chicago in May. The State con- 
vention appointed the following delegation 
to attend the Chicago gathering : 

At Large— William T. Otto. Floyd; P. A. Hack- 
leman. Rush; D. D. Pratt, Cass, and Caleb B. Smith, 
Marion. First District — James C. Veatch and C. M. 
Allen. Second District— Thomas C. Slaughter and 
J. H. Bolton. Third District— John R. Cravens and 
A. C. Voorhees. Fourth District — George Holland 
and J. L. Yates. Fifth District— Miles Murphy and 
Walter March Sixth District— Samuel P. Oyler 
and John S. Bobbs. Seventh District— Gen. George 
K. Steele and D. C. Donahue. Eighth District — 
John Branch and J. M. Simrns. Ninth District — 
C. H. Test and D. H. Hopkins. Tenth District 
— George Moon and Mr. Anderson. Eleventh Dis- 
trict— W. W. Conner and J. M. Wallace. 

Lane and Morton accompanied the del- 
egation to Chicago. It looked very much 
as if Seward was to be the nominee of the 
party, but Lane was convinced that with 
Seward they could not carry Indiana. He 
was impressed with the idea that the ticket 
should be led by a Western man. An- 
drew G. Curtain, nominee for Governor 
of Pennsylvania, was of the same opinion 
and together they visited the leaders of 
every delegation and pleaded for the nom- 



ination of Abraham Lincoln, whose joint 
debates with Douglas on the slavery ques- 
tion had given him a National prominence. 
It was the influence of the Indiana and 
Pennsylvania men, more than anything 
else, that led to the nomination of Lincoln. 
The campaign was waged amid intense 
excitement. While it was evident that 
the Republicans would carry the State in 
the November election against the divided 
Democracy, there was no certainty that 
they would carry it upon the State ticket 
in October. The burden of the whole 
campaign was the discussion of the slav- 
ery question and the relation of the Re- 
publican party and the various factions 
of the Democratic party thereto. Hen- 
dricks was a partisan of Douglas, as were 
all the other names on the Democratic 
State ticket with him, and they had no 
little difficulty in explaining to the people 
just what the attitude of the Douglas 
Democracy was. Douglas held to the the- 
ory that the Territories themselves should 
decide whether or not they should have 
slavery, but the acts of the Buchanan 
administration in interfering with the 
free choice of the people of Kansas had 
given the lie to this position. It was the 
day of political debates and there were 
joint debates between Lane and Hendricks, 
between Turpie and Morton, between all 
of the opposing Congressional candidates 
and most of the minor candidates upon 
the State ticket. Nor in this furious 
speaking campaign was the matter of 
routine party organization neglected in 
the least. Mr. Conner was a man of 
large executive ability, and was fortunate 
in having for material a compact party, 
united in sentiment and full of enthu- 
siasm. The State was very closely organ- 
ized by both parties and there were the 
usual charges of corruption, illegal voting 
and importation of voters upon each side. 
When the votes were counted out in Oc- 
tober, it was found that the whole Repub- 
lican State ticket was elected by majoiit ies 



32 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



in the neighborh 1 of 10, 000 and the leg- 
islature was Republican in both branches. 
The fate of Indiana was determined. She 
would support the Union, come what 
might. After the October election the 
Republicans plunged into the Presidential 
campaign with renewed vigor and confi- 
dence born of victory. Their "speaking" 
partook of the nature of a jubilee and 
there were great processions of "Rail 
Maulers" and "Wide Awakes" through- 
out the State. Many of the Congressional 
contests were uncomfortably close, but 
the Republicans raptured seven of the 
eleven districts, electing Messrs. Dunn. 
Julian, Porter, White. Colfax. Mitchell 
and Shanks. The electoral vote of Indi- 
ana was given for Lincoln by a handsome 
majority and the mutterings of secession 
that bad penetrated to the North during 
the campaign soon began to take definite 
shape. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1862. 

The ante-convention compact was car- 
ried out. When the legislature met in 
L861 Lane was made Senator and Morton 
succeeded to the Governorship. It was 
not long before the war was on and Mor- 
ton had his hands fall. The Democratic 
party which went to pieces in so many 
Northern States succeeded in preserving 
its organization in Indiana with a strong 
following, and the party was permeated 
with sympathy for the South. This first 
came to a head in the organization known 
as the ••Knights of the Golden Circle." 
But the history of this and the succeeding 
organization known as the ••American 
Knights" and "Sons of Liberty" belongs 
rather to the chapter on State administra- 
tions elsewhere in this volume. The first 
of tlie youth that went to fight for the 
Union were volunteers and their absence 
greatly weakened the Republican party 
in Indiana. Notwithstanding this fact 
the Republicans endeavored to bring to 
their standard all the "War Democrats." 



and when their State convention met in 
L862, the word "Republican" was dropped 
from their title and the party made itself 
officially known as the " Unconditional 
Union party." Gov. Morton presided 
-over the convention, whose proceedings 
were harmonious in the extreme. The 
following platform was adopted: 

Whereas. The National Government is engaged 
in a war waged against it by its enemies for the 
avowed purpose of its destruction, and the subver- 
sion of our Republican form of government: there- 
fore. 

Resolved, That the present civil war was forced 
upon the country by the disunionists in the Southern 
States who are now in rebellion against the constitu- 
tional government; that in the present National 
emergency, we. the people of Indiana, in convention 
assembled, forgetting all former political differences, 
and recollecting only our duty to our whole country, 
do pledge ourselves to aid with men and money the 
vigorous prosecution of the present war. which is 
not being waged upon the part of our government 
for the purpose of conquest, subjugation or the over- 
throwing or interfering with the rights or established 
institutions of any of the States, hut to suppress ami 
put down a wicked and causeless rebellion, defend 
and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution, 
and to preserve the Union as established by our 
patriot fathers, with all the dignity, equality and 
rights of the several States unimpaired, and when 
these objects are fully accomplished, and not before, 
we believe the war ought to cease; and that we in- 
vite all who coincide in these sentiments to unite 
with us in support of the ticket this day nominated. 

Second — That we demand and expect of our 
executive and legislative bodies, both State and 
National, an economical administration of govern 
mental affairs, and the punishment of fraud against 
the government, as well as a fearless discharge of 
their duties. 

Third — That as long as patriotism, courage, 
and the love of constitutional liberty shall be honored 
and revered among the people of the United States, 
the heroic conduct of the soldiers of the Union, who 
have offered their lives for the salvation of their 
country, will he remembered with the most profound 
feelings of veneration and gratitude, and that we 
now tender to them the warmest thanks anil lasting 
gratitude of every member of this convention. 

Fourth — That we tender to the sixty thousand 
volunteers from Indiana our heartfelt congratula- 
tions and hail with pride the fact that upon every 
battlefield where Indianians have been found, they 
have displayed the bravery of patriots in defense of 
a glorious cause, and we pledge them that while 
they are subduing armed traitors in the field we 
will condemn at the ballot box all those in our midst 
who are not unconditionally for the Union. 



OP THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



33 



The following State ticket was nom- 
inated: 

Secretary of State — Wm. A. Peelle. Delaware. 

Auditor of State — Albert Lange, Vigo 

Treasurer of State — Jonathan S. Harvey. 

Attorney-General — Delano E. Williamson, Put- 
nam. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction— John I 
Morrison, Washington. 

The Congressional nominees were: 

First District — Alva Johnson. Second District — 
James G.May. Third District— William M. Dunn. 
Fourth District— James Gavin. Fifth District— Geo. 
W. Julian. Sixth District Ebenezer Dumont. Sev- 
enth District— Harvey D. Scott. Eighth District— 
GodloveS. Orth. Ninth District— Schuyler Colfax. 
Tenth District— William Mitchell. Eleventh District 
—John P. C. Shanks. 

The State Committee was made up as 
follows: 

From Indianapolis — Alexander H. Connor, 
( 'Imiriiian: John S. Spann, John C. New. William J. 
Elliott. Andrew Wallace. First District— James H. 
McNeeley. Evansville. and William Kurtz, Prince- 
ton. Second District — Henry Crawford. New Albany, 
and Thomas C. Slaughter. Corydon. Third District 
— Nat. T. Hauser, Columbus, and Frank Mayfield, 
Dupont. Fourth District — Theodore Gazlay, Law- 
renceburg. and Reuben D. Logan. Rusbville. Fifth 
District— John T. Elliott. New Castle, and Joseph S. 
Buckles. Muncie. Sixth District -Martin M. Ray, 
Shelby ville. and James Burgess. Danville. Seventh 
District — George K. Steele. Rockville. and Henry 
Secrist. Greencastle. Eightli District — Joseph J. 
Reynolds. LaFayette. and Caleb V. Jones. Coving- 
ton. Xinth District— Thomas S. Stanfield, South 
Bend, and Banner Lawhead, Rochester. Tenth Dis- 
trict — Wm. S. Smith, Ft. Wayne, and Geo. Moon. 
Warsaw. Eleventh District — Thomas B. McCarty, 
Wabash, and Wilburn R. Pierce, Anderson. 

The war was absorbing the energies of 
the Republican leaders and many of their 
hest orators and workers were in the field 
with the troops in the South. The Repub- 
licans were hurt, too, by over-confidence in 
their success. They believed that the pat- 
riotism of the people was sufficient to carry 
them through and largely underestimated 
the flame of discontent that was so actively 
fanned in every part of the State by the 
secret organizations working in conjunc- 
tion with the Democrats. The Democrats 
carried the State by over i),000 and the 



Republicans lost heavily in the Congres- 
sional elections and even Schuyler Colfax, 
who had a heavy majority behind him and 
was serving as Speaker of the House, had 
a narrow escape from defeat at the hands of 
David Tnrpie in the Xinth District, while 
the Tenth and Eleventh Districts that had 
been Republican from the birth of the 
party, were turned over to the Demo- 
crats. The Legislature was lost and to 
this fact was due the gigantic struggle 
that brought forth all the qualities of 
greatness in Morton and made his name 
revered throughout the country. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1864. 

As time went on and the conspiracies 
of the Knights of the Golden Circle and 
their successors were exposed, there was 
a change in public sentiment, and as the 
National campaign of 1864 approached 
the prospects of the party were better. 
The early reverses of the war that had had 
such a heavy effect upon the elections of 
1862 had been blotted out by Union vic- 
tories. Thus the convention that met on 
February 23, 1864, was full of enthusiasm. 
It was presided over by Ex-Governor Jo- 
seph A. Wright, and the following plat- 
form was adopted: 

Resolved, That the cause of the Union demands 
of every patriotic citizen the sacrifice of every par- 
tisan feeling, of all selfish purposes, of all private 
ambition, and that no action of the government, 
whether in accordance with our views of correct 
policy or not. can absolve any man from the duty to 
render every possible aid to crush tin- rebellion, by 
furnishing the government men and means, counsel 
and encouragement. 

Second— That we hail with joy the indications 
of approaching peace, not by a compromise with 
rebels in arms, but by their complete and utter sub- 
jugation to the laws and Constitution of the United 
States: and that we are in favor of the destruction 
of everything which stands in the way of a perma 
nent and perpetual peace amongst the people of all 
the States, and a full and complete restoration of the 
just authority of the Union, under the Constitution 
of the United States. 

Third — That those who persist in their opposi- 
tion to the Co\ eminent in its hour of peril, who 
denounce its every act for the preservation of the 



34 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Union, who refuse to contribute men or money for 
its support, or who organize secret combinations to 
embarass the Government by resisting the laws and 
encouraging desertions, are thereby rendering the 
rebel cause more effective support than if they joined 
the rebel army, and are entitled to and will receive 
the execration of all patriotic citizens to the latest 
posterity. 

Fourth — That now henceforward, and to the 
end of time, the thanks of a grateful people are 
due to the rank and tile of the army and navy, to 
the officers and men. who on so many battlefields 
have perilled their lives in defense of their homes 
and ('(institutional liberty, and by their patient en- 
durance of trials and privations, by their dauntless 
courage and their devotion to the Union, have cov- 
ered themselves with imperishable renown. 

Fifth — That in the midst of a civil war for the 
preservation of the life of the government, and hav- 
ing confidence in the patriotism, the wisdom, the 
justice and the honesty of Abraham Lincoln, we 
regard his re-election to the position he now occu- 
pies as essential to the speedy and triumphant end 
of the war. and therefore hereby instruct the dele- 
gates to be appointed by this convention to represent 
this State in the National Union convention, to cast 
their votes for his nomination. 

Sixth — That the gratitude of the American peo- 
ple is due to Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, for his 
unselfish devotion to the cause of the Union and his 
patriotic and successful efforts for the overthrow of 
the rebellion, and that we present his name as the 
choice of our people for the Vice-Presidency of the 
United States. 

Seventh — That duty, patriotism and the inter- 
ests of Indiana demand the election of Oliver P. 
Morton as her next Governor, and we hereby declare 
him to be the Union candidate for that position. 

A nominating committee reported the 
following ticket which was accepted unan- 
imously by the convention: 

(Inn rum- — Oliver P. Morton. 

Lieutenant-Governor — Nathan Kimball (declined 
later and was succeeded by Conrad Baker). 

Secretary of State — Nelson Trusler. Fayette. 

Audit or of State— T. B. Met 'arty. Wabash. 

Treasurer of State — John 1 Morrison. Wash 
ington. 

Attorney-General — D. E. Williamson. Putnam. 

Superintendent Public Instruction —Geo. W. 
Hoss. Marion. 

Judges of tin- Supreme Court— First District— 
James T. Frazer, Kosciusko. Second District— J T. 
Elliott. Henry. Third District— Charles A Hay. 
Marion. Fourth District- R.C. Gregory, Tippecanoe. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court— Gen. Laz. Noble. 
Knox. 

Reporter of tin' Supreme Court — Col. Ben. Har- 
rison. Marion. 



The following delegates were chosen to 
the National convention: 

.1/ Large — Maj. Han Mace. Tippecanoe; Jonas 
L.Yates. Ripley; John Beard. Montgomery; Isaac 
Jenkins..n. Allen. First District— h. < : DeBruler. 
Spencer, and Cyrus M. Allen. Knox. Second District 
— Jesse J. Brown. Floyd, and H. Woodbury. Craw- 
ford. Third District— W. M. Dunn. Jefferson, and 
Geo. A. Buskirk. Monroe. Fourth District — Wilson 
Morrow. Franklin, and Mr. Ferris. Dearborn. Fifth 
District — Miles Murphy. Henry, and Ben. F. Miller. 
Union. Sixth District — John W. Ray. Marion, and 
Levi Ritter. Hendricks. Seventh District — John H. 
Martin. Owen, and Ezra Reed. Vigo. Eighth Dis- 
trict — W. C. Wilson, Tippecanoe, and Lewis B. 
Simms. Carroll. Ninth District — John Reynolds. St. 
Joseph, and 1). R. Bearss. Miami. Tenth District— 
Jesse L. Williams. Allen, and James S. Collins. 
Whitley. Eleventh District— John L. Wilson, Wells, 
and Daniel L. Brown. Hamilton. 

The State committee was made up as 

follows: 

First District— Alvah Johnson. Second District 
-Win. T. Ferrier. Third District—Smith Vawter. 
Fourth District— James Gavin. Fifth District— 3. 
V. Kibbey. Sixth District — facob T. Wright. Sev- 
enth District -Geo. K. Steele. Eighth District— 

Henry Taylor. Ninth District . Tenth 

District-\\m. M. Clapp. Eleventh District— W. W. 
Conner. Jacob T. Wright was chosen chairman, 
and W. J. Elliott and John C. New assisted him. 

The following were nominated for Con- 
gress: 

First District — Cyrus M. Allen. Second District 
— W. W. Curry. Third District— Ralph Hill. Fourth 
District John H. Farquahar. Fifth District— Geo. 
W. Julian. Sixth District — Ebenezer Dumont. Sfet'- 
cntli District- Henry D. Washburn. Eighth District 
— Godlove S. ( Irth. Ninth District - Schuyler Colfax. 
Tenth District— John II. DeFrees. Eleventh Dis- 
trict—Thomas N. Stillwell. 

While the campaign was prosecuted 
with great vigor the successes of the 
Union forces and the development of the 
great Northwestern conspiracy were the 
things that caused a revulsion of feeling 
throughout Indiana. The Knights of the 
Golden Circle had accomplished but little 
and ceased to exist in the fall of 1863. 
The organization was succeeded by the 
"Order of American Knights," a secret 
military organization of sympathizers with 
the South. Its secrets were revealed to 
government officials hv detectives and 



4S1286 



OF THE STATE <>F INDIANA. 



35 



renegades, and it was found necessary to 
reorganize it with new rituals, signs and 
pass-words. This last organization, known 
as "The Sons of Liberty," wasfounded in 
New York early in 1S64, and was rapidly 
organized in Indiana. The State was 
divided into four districts under command 
of "Major- Generals" Boles, Milligan, 
Humphreys and Walker. The most im- 
portant project of the organization was a 
conspiracy for an armed uprising through- 
out Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, 
for the purpose of releasing the Confeder- 
ate prisoners and overthrowing the State 
governments of Indiana and Illinois. The 
first direct information of this conspiracy 
reached Governor Morton in the form of a 
a letter from a lady in New York, who 
notified him that large stores of arms and 
ammunition had been landed by certain 
steamers in New York and forwarded to 
J. J. Parsons, in Indianapolis. The police 
authorities of Indianapolis watched for the 
delivery of the goods and traced a dray- 
man to the printing office of H. H. Dodd 
& Co.. where a seizure of arms and com- 
promising correspondence was made. This 
exposure was followed by public indigna- 
tion meetings at Indianapolis and through- 
out the State. Further developments 
proved that live of the men on the Demo- 
cratic State ticket were members of the 
"Sons of Liberty," among them men who 
had been elected in lsiii'. Thus a con- 
spiracy to overthrow the State government 
and to establish a Northwestern Confed- 
eracy penetrated even to the State House. 
As may be imagined, these events stirred 
the people very deeply and the trial of Dodd. 
the first of the famous conspiracy trials. 
came just before the October elections. The 
loyalty of the people was shown by the re- 
election of Morton and the whole Republican 
State ticket by majorities in the neighbor- 
hood of 20,000, and the Republicans car- 
ried eight of the eleven districts, electing 
Messrs. Hill. Farquahar. Julian. Dumont, 
Orth, Colfax. DeFrees and Stillwell. 



CAMPAIGN OF 1866. 

The campaign of L866 was waged 
under peculiar circumstances. The war 
had ended and while the people were jubi- 
lating over the return of peace came the 
awful news of the assassination of Lin- 
coln. Then followed the reconstruction 
troubles and the split between President 
Johnson and the Republican Congress. 
In the meantime the health of Governor 
Morton was so precarious that he had 
gone to Europe, shortly after his inau- 
guration, to seek a cure for paralysis. 
The State convention met on February 
22, L866, and adopted the following plat- 
form, probably the weakest that the Indi- 
ana Republicans have ever put forth: 

Resolved, That we have full faith in President 
Johnson and his cabinet, and in the Union members 
of both Houses of Congress, and in the sincere de- 
sire and determination of all of them to conduct the 
affairs of the Government in such manner as to 
secure the best interests of the whole people; and 
we hereby declare that we will sustain them in all 
constitutional efforts to restore peace, order and 
permanent Union. 

Resolved, That in Andrew Johnson, President of 
the United States, we recognize a patriot true and 
a statesman tried ; that we will support him in all 
his constitutional efforts to restore National author- 
ity, law and order among the people of the States, 
lately in rebellion, on the basis of equal and exact 
justice to all men; and that we pledge to the Ad- 
ministration, executive and legislative, our united 
and hearty co-operation in all wise and prudent 
measures devised for the security of the Government 
against rebellion and insurrection in time to come. 

Resolved, That whilst we indorse the President 
of the United States in his Constitutional efforts for 
the safety of the Union, and the restoration of law 
and order, we do hereby express our entire confi- 
dence in the Union majority in Congress, and pledge 
to it our cordial support. 

Resolved, That it is the province of the legisla- 
tive branch of the General Government to determine 
the question of reconstruction of the States lately 
in rebellion, against that government: and that, in 
the exercise of that power. Congress should have in 
view the loyalty of the people in those States, their 
devotion to the Constitution, and obedience to the 
laws; and until the people of those States prove 
themselves loyal to the Government they should not 
be restored to the rights and position enjoyed and 
occupied by them before their rebellion. 

Resolved, That the Constitution of the United 
States should be so amended that no representation 



36 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



in Congress or the Electoral College, shall be allowed 
to any State for any portion of her population that 
is excluded from the right of suffrage on account of 
race or color. 

Resolved, That under the Constitution of the 
United States the power to determine the qualifica- 
tions requisite for electors in each State rests with 
the States respectively. 

Resolved, That in the election of Abraham Lin- 
coln and Andrew Johnson to the highest offices in 
the gift of a great people, and in the liberation of 
four millions of oppressed people as an incident of 
the war for the Union, the Nation has approached 
the perfection of free government, which makes 
merit, and not birth or property, the basis of public 
confidence, and secures universal intelligence and 
freedom, and the honor and dignity of human labor. 

Resolved, That the Union of these States has 
not been and cannot be dissolved, except by a suc- 
cessful revolution; but that after the suppression of 
a formidable rebellion against the General Govern- 
ment, we declare that the Government may, and 
should hold in abeyance the powers of the rebellious 
States until the public safety will allow of their 
restoration. 

Resolved, That it is the duty of the Government 
of the United States to see that emancipation shall 
be thorough and complete; that no State legislation 
shall be tolerated which will tend to keep the blacks 
a subject and servile race, and that full protection 
of life, liberty and property shall be guaranteed to 
them by National legislation. 

Resolved. That no man who voluntarily partici- 
pated in the rebellion ought to be admitted to a seat 
in Congress, and that the law excluding them there- 
from ought not to be repealed. 

Resolved, That the Constitutional provision, "that 
the citizens of each State shall be entitled to all priv- 
ileges and immunities of citizens in the several 
states." shall be enforced by proper Congressional 
legislation. 

Resolved, That the assumption of the Rebel debt 
and the direct or indirect repudiation of that of the 
General Government are alike measures which receive 
favor only from the enemies of the country ; that we 
denounce both as but part of that treason which in 
the South was lately in armed conflict with the 
National authority, aided in the North by the whole 
influence of a corrupt political organization which 
now has the effrontery to seek power over a country 
it sought to destroy. 

Resolved, That the country owes a debt of grati- 
tude to the soldiers and sailors lately composing the 
armies and navies of the Union, which no language 
can express, and that we shall co-operate with them 
at the ballot box, in excluding from places of public 
trust in Indiana those who, during the rebellion, 
plotting treason, sought to bring disaster to the flag 
and disgrace upon the brave men who upheld it with 
their lives upon the battlefield. 

Resolved, That justice and duty demand the 
bounties to our National defenders should be so 



equalized in land grants or money, as to render the 
amount received by those who entered the service 
in the first years of the war equal to the highest 
sums paid by the Government to those who subse- 
quently volunteered. 

Resolved, That a rigid economy in public expend- 
itures is absolutely essential to the maintenance of 
the National credit, and that measures of taxation 
shall be so framed that the plighted public faith 
shall sulfer no dishonor, and the public burdens be 
equally borne by all classes of the community in 
proportion to their wealth. 

Resolveil, That sympathizing with every effort 
to elevate the great mass of the people to a condition 
of the highest intelligence, we approve the move- 
ment in favor of the laboring population to reduce 
the time of toil to eight hours per day, and to give 
practical effect to this declaration we respectfully 
request the next General Assembly of this State to 
pass a law making eight hours the rule for a day's 
labor in all cases, except where parties interested 
shall expressly make a different agreement. 

Resolved, That we are decidedly in favor of 
bringing the late Rebel leader, Jeff Davis, to trial 
for treason against the Government, as soon as a fair 
and impartial trial can be had before a competent 
tribunal and if convicted, to the end "that treason 
may be made odious," that he be punished as pre- 
scribed by law. 

Resolved, That we most heartily indorse the 
administration of Oliver P. Morton as Governor of 
Indiana, and tender him our gratitude forhis humane 
and patriotic treatment of her soldiers, and that we 
deeply sympathize with him in his recent affliction. 

Resolved, That we have implicit confidence in 
the intelligence and patriotism of Acting Governor 
Baker, and we rejoice that in the absence of Gov- 
ernor Morton, the executive department of the Siate 
government is so ably and impartially administered, 
and we hereby tender him our full confidence. 

The following ticket was nominated: 
Secretary of State — Nelson Trusler. 
Auditor of State— Thos. B. McCarty. 
Treasurer of State — Nathan Kimball. 
Attorney-General -Delano E. Williamson. 
Superintendent of Instruction— Geo. W. Hoss. 

The following State Committee was 
named : 

Chairman— Jacob T. Wright, Marion. First Dis- 
trict— Bon. Cyrus M. Allen, Knox. Second District 
—Col. James B. Merri wether. Third District— Capt. 
W. Y. Monroe. Jefferson Fourth District— Col. Ben. 

S| ner, Dearborn. Fifth District — Hon. Walter 

Marsh, Delaware, Sixth District -Hon. A. H. Con- 
ner and Benj Harrison, Marion. Seventh District — 
Gen. Charles Cruft, Vigo Eighth District— Capt. 
John A. Stein, Tippecanoe. Ninth District — Gen. 
R. A. Cameron. Porter. Tenth District— Hon. E. W. 
II. Ellis. Elkhart. Kleveuil, District— Qm.. J. 1'. C, 
Shanks. Jay, 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



The Congressional nominees were as 
follows: 

First District— Lemuel L. DeBruler. Second Dis- 
trict— Walter Q. Greshani. 77u>d District— Morton 
C. Hunter. Fourth District— Ira J. Grover. Fi/tfi 
District— Geo. W. Julian, .s7.W// District — John 
Cobum. Seventh District — Henry D. Washburn. 
Eij/Af/i District— Godlove S. Orth. Mni^ District— 
Schuyler Colfax. Tent], District— William Williams. 
Eleventh District— John P. C. Shanks. 

The Democrats assumed the offensive 
in the campaign from the start, attacking 
the reconstruction measures of Congress 
and the State administration. The aim unit 
of slander that was piled up against Mor- 
ton and the charges of corruption against 
his administration seem now to he abso- 
lutely ridiculous in their absurdity, hut at 
the time they found thousands of believ- 
ers. Morton returned from Europe in the 
spring of 1866, and his presence breathed 
new life and vigor into the party. His 
famous Masonic Hall speech, with its ter- 
rible arraignment of the Democratic rec- 
ord, changed the Republican plan of cam- 
paign from a defensive to an offensive 
one. and the spark of enthusiasm thus 
started in the party was fanned into flame 
by the returning veterans who began to 
arrive home in June. From this time 
forward the tight was pushed with a hur- 
rah, and the party went through both the 
(•ctolier and November elections in tri- 
umph. The State ticket was successful 
by majorities of about L4,000, and the 
Republicans elected eight of the eleven 
Congressmen. Messrs. Julian. Coburn, 
Washburn, Orth, Colfax. Williams and 
Shanks. The legislature returned a ma- 
jority of Repuhlicans on joint ballot and 
Morton was sent to the United States 
Senate. His opponent was Daniel \Y. 
Voorhees, whose sympathy with the South 
and supposed connection with the Sons of 
Liberty conspiracy, made him the em- 
bodiment of all that Morton claimed the 
Democratic party stood for. 



THE CAMPAIGN OF 1868. 

The split 1 iet ween President Johnson 
and the Republican Congress, the im- 
peachment trial of the President, and the 
troubles of the reconstruction period kept 
the Republicans in a turmoil during the 
next two years. But while Johnson had 
many friends among the Indiana Repub- 
licans at the beginning, his faction here 
never amounted to a disturbing element. 
Another National question that was loom- 
ing up. however, did have a considerable 
effect upon the party. Pressing upon the 
attention of Congress with a force almost 
equal to that of the reconstruction prob- 
lem, was the question of handling the 
National debt which had piled up to 
frightful proportions during the war. 
The "greenback" had been reluctantly 
adopted as a war measure when there 
seemed no other way of raising funds for 
carrying on the war. Cold had gone to 
a premium and prices had adjusted them- 
selves to an inflated currency. As is al- 
ways the case when a nation undertakes 
to ■•print money." large numbers of the 
people conceived confused ideas of financial 
theories and the notion that the hat of 
the Government imparted the whole of its 
value to any form of money spread very 
rapidly. This notion was first taken up 
by Democrats in Congress and combatted 
strongly by Republican leaders, but in 
Indiana "greenbackism" quickly took deep 
root among the people. Morton. Colfax 
and other leaders of National prominence 
were closely engaged in their work in Con- 
gress and no steps were taken to check 
the growth of this sentiment in Indiana. 
and it reached such proportions that it 
was strongly reflected in the State plat- 
form. 

The State convention met on February 
20, 1S68, and adopted the following plat- 
form: 



38 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

Lst. The Congressional plan of reconstruction 8tli. The public lands are the property of the 

was made necessary by the rejection of the Con- i pie; monopolies of them, either by individuals 

stitutional amendments, and the continued re- or corporations, should be prohibited; they should 
bellious spirit of the Southern people; and if they be reserved for actual settlers; and. as a subs tan- 
will no1 upon the conditions prescribed by Con- tial recognition of the services of the Union offi- 
gress, become the friends of the Union, it is the cits and soldiers in the late civil war, they should 
duty of Congress, to do whatever the emergency each be allowed one hundred and sixty acres 
requires to prevent them from doing harm as thereof, 
enemies. 9th. The doctrine of Great Britain and other 

2nd. The extension of suffrage to the negroes European powers thai because a man is once a 

of the South is the din cl result of the rebellion citizen he is always so. must be resisted at every 

and the continued rebellious spirit maintained hazard by the United Slates, as a relic Of the 

therein, ami was necessary to secure the recon- feudal times, not authorized by the law of nations; 

struction of the Union, ami the preservation of the :MI ,i .,, war w ju, our National honor and independ- 

loyal men therein from a state worse than slavery. ,.,„.,. Naturalized citizens are entitled to be pro- 

aud the question of suffrage in all the loyal States tected in all their rights of citizenship as though 

belongs to the i pie of those States under the they were native born, and no citizen of the United 

Constitution of the United States. States, native or naturalized, must be liable to ar- 

3rd. 'I'lie Government of the United States ,.,, sl ,,,. imprisonment by any foreign power for 

should be administered with the strictest economy ac t s done or words spoken in this country; and if 

consistent with the public safety and interest. so arrested and imprisoned it is the duty of the 

Revenue should be si. laid as to give the greatesl Government to interfere in ins behalf. 

possible exemption to articles of primary necessity ](||h W( , cordlally ;I|1|1 „, V( . Ihl . eourse ,, r the 

and fall most heavily upon the luxuries and the KepuWlcall members of Congress in their active 

wealth of the country, and all property should suppor1 ,,,- tl „, Dll , prohibiting a further contrac- 

bear a just proportion of the burden of taxation. t i 0n of the currency, in which they faithfully repre- 

4th. The public debt made necessary by the sented the will of the people of Indiana. And this 

rebellion should !>■ honestly paid; ami all tlie convention expresses their unwavering confidence 

bonds issued therefor should be paid in legal ten i„ n„. wisdom ami patriotism of Oliver 1*. Morton, 

der, commonly called greenbacks, except where. nis devotion to the vital interests of the Nation 

by their express terms, they provide otherwise; during the past six years litis endeared him to 

and paid in such quantities as will make the cir every lover of Union and Liberty, and we send 

culation commensurate with the commercial wants greeting to him. in the American Senate, and as- 

of the country ami so as to avoid too great Infla- surance to him of our unqualified endorsement of 

lion of the currency and an increase in the price his course. 

of gold. llih. General I'lyssus s. Grant and the lion. 

5th. The large ami rapid contraction of the Schuyler Colfax are the choice of Indiana for 
currency sanctioned by the voice of the Demo- President and Viee-Presiaent of the United States; 
cratic party in both Houses of Congress, has had and this convention hereby instructs the delegates 
a most injurious effect upon the industry and to the National convention to cast the vote of In- 
busiuess of the country, and it is the duty of diana for these gentlemen. 
Congress to provide by law for supplying the de- 
ficiency in legal tender notes, commonly called When the resolution endorsing Grant 
greenbacks, to the full extent required by the _, , , . . , 

anil Colfax was read there was a period 

business wants oi the country. ... . ' ,, 

6th We are opposed to the payment of any ni wild cheering in the convention. 1 he 

part of the rebel debt, or to any payment whatever following State ticket was nominated by 

for emancipated slaves. acclamation: 

7th. lit' all who were faithful in the trials of 

the lat.' war. there are none entitled to more es- Governor— Colonel Conrad Baker, 

pecial honor than the brave soldiers and seamen. Lieutenant-Governor — Colonel Will Cumback, 

who endured the hardships of campaign and Decatur. 

cruise, ami imperiled their lives in the service of Secretary of State— Dr. Max A. Hoffman. Cass. 

their country; the bounties ami pensions provided Treasurer of State— General Nathan Kimball, 

by law for these brave defenders of the Nation Martin 

are obligations never to be forgotten; the widows Auditor of State— Major John D. Evans, Hamil- 

nnd orphans of the gallant dead are the wards of (,„, 

the Nation a sacred legacy bequeathed to the Na- Clerk Supreme Court— Captain T. W. McCoy, 

tiou's protecting care. Clarke. 



OK THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



39 



Reporter Supreme <_'miii — Colonel James B. 
Black, Marion. 

Superintendent Public Instruction— B. C. Hobbs, 
Wayne. 

The following delegates to the National 
convention were elected: 

At large. Hon. R. W. Thompson, Vigo; Hon 
Ilti.ry S. Lane. Montgomery; Hon. \V. A. Peelle, 
Wayne; Gen. Walter Q. Greshain, Floyd; First 
District, C. M. Allen. Knox, and 1.. Q. DeBruler, 
Spencer; Second District, Andrew Caskin, Floyd, 
and J. C. Albert, Orange; Third District. J. G. 
Berkshire, Ripley, and Col. A. W. 1'rather. Bar- 
tholomew; Fourth District, R. H. Swift, Franklin, 
and B. F. Claypool, Fayette; Fifth District, (.'has. 
F. Hogate, Hendricks, ami Win. M. French, 
Marion; Sixth District, Geo. K. Steele. Parke, and 
Oeo. H. Buskirk, Monroe; Seventh District. Joseph 
Odell. Tippecanoe, and James II. Paris, Clinton; 
Eighth District. Hon. John Brownlee, Grant and 
Hon. J. D. Conner. Wabash; Ninth District. S. T. 
Powell, Henry, and John II. Hough, Allen; Tenth 
District, S. P. Williams. LaGrange, and J. W. Pur- 
viauce. Huntington: Eleventh District. Aaron Our 
ney, Forter, and C. G. Powell. La Porte. 

This convention made something of a 
change in the method of selecting a State 
committee. Hitherto it had been the 
custom to have the chairman of the 
State convention appoint a committee, 
hut this time the delegates from each dis- 
trict in caucus selected the members of 
the State committee and the members thus 
selected elected a chairman. 

The members thus elected in 1868 
were : 

First District. Col. John W. Foster. Vander- 
burg; Second District, Gen. Walter <„>. Gresham, 
Floyd; Third District. Gen. Ira D. Grover, Deca- 
tur; Fourth District, Judge W. A. Cullen, Rush; 
Fifth District. Hon. A. H. Conner. Marion: Sixth 
District, Gen. Chas. Cruft, Vigo; seventh District. 
O. o. Behm, Tippecanoe; Eighth District, Col. N. 
P. Richmond, Howard; Ninth District. John W. 
Burson. Delaware; Tenth District. John A. 
Mitchell. Noble; Eleventh District, Alfred Keel, 

White. 

The committee elected Hon. A. H. 
Conner as chairman. 

The energies of the organization up 
to the time of the National convention 
were largely devoted to the interests of 
Mr. Colfax, who was a candidate for Vice- 
President. The work of the Indiana 
delegation at Chicago was incessant and 



effective, nor did the Indiana delegation 
offer any resistance to the third plank of 
the National platform, which repudiated 
the greenbackism of the State platform 
thus : 

We denounce all forms of repudiation as a 
National crime; and the National honor requires 
the payment of the public debt in the uttermost 
good faith to all creditors at home and abroad, uol 
only according to the letter, but the spirit of the 
laws under which it was contracted. 

The National Democratic convention 
had nominated Horatio Seymour and the 
Republicans selected as their standard 
bearers Grant and Colfax. The nomina- 
tion of Colfax, while due primarily to his 
great ability, was also due in a large 
measure to the fact that Indiana was so 
close a State as to la- doubtful, and it was 
believed that his nomination would help 
the National ticket in this State. 

The following were nominated for Con- 
gress in the various districts : 

First District, James C. Watch; Second Dis- 
trict, Walter Q. Gresham; Third District, Robert 
N. Lamb; Fourth District, Geo. W. Julian; Fifth 
District. John Coburn; Sixth District, Win. W. 
Carter; Seventh District. Godlove S. Orth; Eighth 
District. Daniel D. Pratt; Ninth District. John I'. 
C. Shanks; Tenth District. William Williams; 
Eleventh District, Jasper Packard. 

The campaign was prosecuted with 
great energy and witlt great bitterness. 
Hendricks was again heading the Demo- 
cratic State ticket, and his political adroit- 
ness and great ability in political organi- 
zation inspired his party with hope and 
confidence. The organization of each 
party was remarkably close and effective, 
and tlic demonstrations were enormous 
affairs. When the votes were counted in 
( h-tober it w;is found that the Republicans 
had none to spare. Baker was elected 
Governor by less than 1,000 votes, and 
the others on the Republican ticket pulled 
through by slightly larger majorities. The 
defeat in October so thoroughly disheart- 
ened the Democrats anil gave such a 
momentum to the enthusiasm of the Re- 
publicans that Grant carried the State in 



40 



HISTORY <>F THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



November by nearly 1.0,000 votes, and 
seven of the eleven Congressional districts 
went Republican, electing Messrs. Julian, 
Ooburn, Orth, Pratt, Shanks, Williams 
and Packard. 

CAMPAIGN OF L870. 

The victory of 1868 was turned to 
defeat two years later. The change 
cannot be ascribed to any single cause. 
Dissatisfaction with the distribution of 
patronage by the National administra- 
tion, growing opposition to reconstruction 
measures of Congress and the growing 
greenback sentiment all had something to 
do with it. The chief cause, however, 
was a peculiar fight over the Senatorship 
in L869. The legislature in lsiis was to 
elect a colleague to Morton in the United 
States Senate, and there was much specu- 
lation as to whom Morton, who held the 
organization of the party in the hollow of 
his hand, might select for this honor. It 
was the general impression that his favor- 
ite was Will Cumback, though Morton 
never did anything of a public nature to 
indicate his choice. Cumback was nomi- 
nated for Lieutenant-Governor, and when 
the Senatorial caucus was held he was 
selected as the nominee of the party for 
Senator. The day before the election, 
however, Governor Baker, who was be- 
lieved to be a candidate for Senator him- 
self, permitted one of his friends to read 
upon the floor of the State Senate a letter 
received by him from Mr. Cumback before 
the State convention and his own reply 
thereto. Cumback had been a candidate 
for Governor, and his letter ran as fol- 
lows : 

I ihink Hendricks will lie chosen by the Dem- 
ocrats (as candidate for Governor), and he will 
certainly, if lie intends to inspire hope among his 
friends, resign his position (as Senator). The per- 
son appointed by you will, other things being 
equal, stand the besl chance in be eh, ism by our 
legislature, ir you "ill assure me of the appoint- 
ment I will withdraw from the contest I'm' any 
position on the State ticket and take tin- position 



of elector mi the State convention. II' this propo- 
sition does not meet with your approval, please 
return this letter to me. 

To which Baker answered : 

The proposition is corrupt and indecent, and I 
feel humiliated thait any human being should mea- 
sure me by so low a standard of common morality 
as to make it. 

The reading (l f these letters created a 
tremendous sensation, and threatened a 
great split in the party. A large number 
of the Republican members took the same 
view that Governor Baker did and were 
unwilling to support Mr. Cumback, and 
Cumback's followers were so incensed that 
they would not, under any circumstances, 
vote to make Governor Baker Senator. 
Finally the two factions compromised by 
electing Daniel D. Pratt, of Logansport, 
then serving as a member of Congress. 
Cumback was very much more moderate 
than his friends in this crisis. While tbe 
two Senators joined in a recommendation 
for a foreign mission for him, and this 
mission was offered, he declined, but nev- 
ertheless went into the next campaign 
with great vigor and the support of the 
whole Republican ticket. He counseled 
bis friends to do the same, but he found 
it easier to control himself than his follow- 
ers, and the incident had a considerable 
effect in the struggle of IsTo. 

The State convention met in Indianapo- 
lis on February 22, 1*70, and adopted the 
following platform : 

We congratulate the country on the restoration 
of law and order in the late rebellions Stales. 
under the reconstruction measures adopted by the 
general government, and upon the prevalence of 
peace and return of fraternal feeling among the 
people of all the States, under a Constitution se- 
curing an equality of political and civil rights to 
all citizens, without distinction of race or color. 

'-'nil. Thai we reverence the Constitution of 
the United States as the supreme law of the land. 
and a wise embodiment of the principles of free 
government, and following its teachings we will 
adopt from time to time such amendments as are 
necessary more completely to establish .justice, in- 
sure domestic tranquility, .and secure the blessings 
of liberty to ourselves and our posterity; and that 



OK THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



t 1 



we rejoice at the satisfaction of the Fifteenth 
Anit'iiiliiu'iit which forever securi s an equality of 
political rights to all men, and we extend to tin- 
colored man a helping haml to enable him in the 
race of life to improve arid elevate his condition. 

3rd. That the National debt created in the 
defense and preservation of the Union, however 
great the burden, must be cheerfully borne until 
honorably and honestly extinguished in accord- 
ance with the letter and spirit of the several laws 
authorizing the debt: and that all attempts at re- 
pudiation of principal or interest should meet the 
scorn and denunciation of an honest and patriotic 
people. 

4th. That we demand in every department of 
the Government from the highest to the lowest 
the strictest economy in all expenditures consist- 
ent with the requirements of the public service; 
the reduction and abolishment of all extravagant 
fees and salaries; the closing of all useless offices 
and the dismissal of their incumbents, and all ef- 
forts to these ends in Congress or elsewhere have 
our unqualified approval. 

oth. That a reduction of taxation is de- 
manded, both of tariff anil internal taxes, until it 
readies the luwest ainiiunt consistent with the 
credit and necessities of the Government : and that 
we are in favor of a tariff for revenue, believing 
that a proper adjustment of duties must neces- 
sarily afford all the incidental protection to which 
any interest is entitled. 

6th. That we are in favor of a currency 
founded on the National credit, as abundant as the 
trade and commerce of the country demand; and 
that we disapprove of all laws in reference thereto 
which establish monopoly or inequality therein. 

Tth. That we are opposed to the donation of 

the public lands, or the grant of subsidies in 
money to railroads and other corporations; and 
that we demand the reservation of the public do- 
main for the use of actual settlers and educational 
purposes. 

8th. That we reaffirm that "of all who were 
faithful in the late war. there are none entitled 
to more especial honor than the brave soldiers and 
seamen who endured the hardships of campaign 
and cruise, and imperiled their lives in the service 
of their country, and the bounties and pensions 
provided by law for those brave defenders of the 
Nation are obligations never to be forgotten, and 
should be paid without cost to the recipient. The 
widows and orphans of the gallant ih nil are the 

wards of the Nation- a sacred legacy bequeathed 

to the Nation's protecting care." 

9th. That we approve the general course of 
our Senators and Republican Representatives in 
Congress and express our full and entire confi- 
dence that they will act with wisdom and integrity 
in all that concerns the welfare of the | pie; and 



that we tender thanks to Senator Morton for his 
exertions in so shaping tin- legislation of Congress 
on the reconstruction of the late rebel States, as 
to secure the passage of the Fifteenth Amend- 
ment. 

loth. That we endorse the administration ol 
General Oram as President of the United States. 
accept the increased collections of revenue, the 
reduction of expenditures, and the payment of a 
large portion of the public debt as a fulfillment ol 
his promises of economy; and rejoice that the vic- 
torious General of the Union armies should as a 
civil officer, receive the last of the rebel States in 
its return to the National family. 

11th. Inasmuch as all Republican govern- 
ments depend for their stability and perpetuity on 
the intelligence and virtue of the people, it is the 
righl and duty of the State and National author- 
ities to establish, foster and secure the highest 
moral and intellectual development of the people 

12th. That taxation for county and oilier local 
purposes has become so great as to be oppressive 
to the people; that our system of county adminis- 
tration needs reform, and we demand of our rep 
resentatives in the legislature such changes in 
the statuti s of the State as will protect the pen 
pie from extravagant tax levies by local author- 
ities; and as an aid to this needed reform we favor 
a reduction of the fees of county officers to a stand 
ard which will furnish a fair and reasonable com 
pensation for the services rendered, and that no 
officer should be favored with salary, fees, or per 
quisites beyond such fair and reasonable compen- 
sation. 

13th. That the canal stocks issueii under the 
legislation of 1846 and 1S47. commonly called the 
"Butler Bill," were by the terms of the contract. 
charged exclusively upon the Wabash and Erie 
canal its revenues and lands; and the faith of the 
State never having been directly or indirectly 
pledged for the payment or redemption thereof. 
saiil canal stocks therefore constitute no part of 
the outstanding debts or liabilities of tlie Slate. 
That the Constitution of this State ought to be 
amended at the earliest practicable period, so 
as to prohibit the taking effect of any law or acts 
of the General Assembly proposing to recognize or 
create any liability of the State for the said canal 
stocks, or any part thereof, until such proposition 
shall have been submitted to a direct vote of tile 
people of tlie Stale anil approved by them. 

14th. That we heartily endorse the adminis- 
tration of our state affairs by Governor Baker and 
his associate State officers, and especially congrat- 
ulate the people iliat the time is so near when the 
State debt will be entirely liquidated. 

The following ticket was nominated: 

Srm turn "/State— Dr. Max F. A. Hoffman. 
Auditor of State -Major John 1> Evans. 



i-2 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Treasurer of State— General R. H. Milroy, Car- 
roll. 

Attorney-General — Hon. Nelson Trusler. Fayette. 

Superintendent Public Instruction — Prof. Barna- 
bas C. Hobbs. 

Judges Supreme Court— Messrs. J. T. Elliott. 
Charles A. Ray, R. C. Gregory ami Andrew L. Os- 
borne. 

The following State committee was se- 
lected: 

First District. Col. John W. Foster. Vander 
burg; Second District, Or. D. W. Voyles, Floyd, 
Third District, Gen. Benjamin Spooner, Dearborn; 
Fourth District, John F. Kibbey, Wayne; Fifth 
District, Hon. A. 11. Conner, Marion; Sixtli His 
triet, Oen. Charles Cruft, Vigo; Seventh District. 
Hon. M. C. Culver. Tippecanoe; Eighth District, 
D. R. Brown. Hamilton: Ninth District, John W. 
Burson, Delaware; Tenth District, W. A. Woods, 
Elkhart: Eleventh District, Col. Joshua Healy, of 
Jasper. 

Conner was re-elected chairman and 
pursued the campaign with his accustomed 
ability and vigor. 

The following were Dominated tor Con- 
gress in the various districts: 

First District, Henry C. Gooding; Second Dis- 
trict, Geo. W. Carr; Third District, Henry R. 
Prichard; Fourth District, Jeremiah M. Wilson; 
Fifth District. John Cotmrn; Sixth District, Moses 
F. Dunn; Seventh District. Gen. Hew Wallace, 
Eighth District, James V Tyner; Ninth District. 
John P. C. Shanks; Tenth District. William Wil- 
liams; Eleventh District. Jasper Packard. 

The State election came on October 11. 
and the Republican ticket was defeated by 
a little over 2,000 votes. While the Re- 
publicans retained a majority of three in 
the State Senate, they lost the House by 
six votes. In November they lost the 
Seventh District, reducing their Congres- 
sional delegation to six, Messrs. Wilson, 
Coburn, Tyner. Shanks, Williams and 
Packard being elected. 

CAMP AKIN OF 1872. 

As the campaign of 1872 approached 
National questions, as usual, came to the 
front and had a heavy effect upon the 
voting. The greenback sentiment was at 
its height, but more important than this 
for the time was the bug-a-boo of Caesar- 
ism, an accusation that had been raised 



against the Grant administration. So 

strong was this latter that a convention 
of men calling themselves Liberal Repub- 
licans was held at Cincinnati on May 1, 
LS72, and nominated Horace Creeley for 
the Presidency. The Democrats met at 
Baltimore in July and ratified these nom- 
inations. In September, however, the 
••straight out Democratic convention" 
was held at Louisville and nominated 
Charles (TConner. This year also saw 
the entrance of the Prohibition party into 
National politics. Their first convention 
was held at Columbus, 0., on February 
22, 1872. The year also saw the first 
efforts to form a labor party when the 
Labor Reform convention met at Colum- 
bus on February 21. 

The Republican State convention met 
in Indianapolis on February 22, 1872, and 
adopted the following platform: 

The Republicans of Indiana, by their delegates 
in convention assembled in appealing onee more 
to the people of the State lor the support of their 
candidates tor public office, declare: 

1st. That in the future, as in the past, we 
will adhere to the principles of the Declaration of 
Independence, and (irmly sustain the Constitution 
of the United States as the true basis of popular 
freedom, and will maintain the equal rights of all 
men before the law and the authority of the Na- 
tional Government against all false theories of 
State rights. 

2nd. That we therefore approve of the acts 
of Congress, and of the administration, which put 
the rights of all citizens under the protection of 
the National authority when they are assailed by 
legislation, or by the violence of armed associa- 
tions, whether open or secret: anil we demand the 
enforcement of the laws, that these rights may be 
securely and amply protected wherever and when- 
ever invaded. 

3rd. That we congratulate the country on the 
complete restoration of the Union; and now. as 
heretofore, the Republican party remembers with 
gratitude our brave soldiers and seamen who im- 
perilled their lives in the service of their country 
and to whom, as men who saved the Nation in the 
hour of her peril, we owe the highest honor; and 
we declare that our obligations to them shall never 
be forgotten, and we demand that the bounties 
now. or which may be. provided for these brave 
defenders of the Nation, shall be paid without 
cost to the recipients; and that the widows and 
orphans of the gallant dead, the wards of the 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



43 



Nation, shall receive the Nation's protecting care, 
and while we cheerfully assume all these burdens, 
we cannot forget, and the American people can 
never forget, that to the Democratic party, South 
and North, we <>wc all the calamities of the late 
slaveholders' rebellion, and the debt now resting 
upon the industry of our State and Nation. 

4th. 'Inat we endorse tin- action of Congress 
and of the administration in maintaining the 
traditionary policy of the Nation of living in 
friendly relations with other governments, yet 
avoiding entangling alliances with them, as evi- 
denced in checking hostile expeditions from our 
shores, refusing to interfere in domestic revolu- 
tions, even where our sympathies are strongly 
enlisted, and agreeing to the arbitration of dis- 
puted claims, while demanding admission of the 
wrong done. 

5th. That we approve the action of Congress 
and of the present administration in all their ef- 
forts to reduce expenditures in the several depart 
meuts. and in the reduction of the tariff and in- 
ternal taxes as rapidly as tin- exigencies of the 
Government will admit, while continuing to main 
tain tin- public credil by the sure and gradual 
payment of the debt of the Nation ami by dis- 
charging the obligations due her soldiers, sailors 
and pensioners. 

6th. That we favor all efforts looking to the 
development of the great industrial interests of 
the State, and we request our Senators and Repre- 
sentatives in Congress to use their influence, in 
any revision of the tariff, to secure to the coal and 
iron interests of our State all the incidental pro- 
tection consistent with a due regard to the princi- 
ples of reducing the burden of taxation. 

7th. That the adherence of Congress and the 
administration to the present financial policy, in 
spite of the hostility of political opponents, has 
been fully justified by the payments made on the 
public debt, and in the stability, security and in- 
creased confidence it has given to all the business 
affairs of the country. 

8th. That the financial affairs of the State and 
Nation should be conducted on the principles of 
economy, and to this end all useless offices should 
be abolished, fees and salaries limited to a fair 
compensation tor the services rendered, ami by 
prohibiting the allowance of all perquisites, and 
by avoiding all unnecessary appropriations and 
expenditures, and in this State we favor the aboli- 
tion of the offices of Agent of State and State 
Printer. 

9th. That we are opposed to granting further 
donations of public lands to railroads or other 
corporations, and we demand thai the public do- 
main lie reserved for the use of actual settlers, the 
discharge of the obligations of the country to its 
brave defenders, and the purpose of general edu- 
cation. 



10th. Thai Congress ought to interfere for the 
protection of immigrants, to shield them from the 
unjust exactions levied upon them in the shape 
of capitation taxes, under the laws of New York 
and other seaboard States, the true policy of the 
country being to extend a cordial invitation to the 
citizens of other countries to cast their lot with us. 
and share on terms of perfect equality the bless- 
ings which we enjoy. 

11th. That we approve the efforts being made 
for the vindication of honest government by the 
exposure, removal, and punishment of corrupt 
officials, whether of municipalities, State or Na- 
tion: we hail such exposures undeterred by fears 
of party injury, as proof of the integrity of the 
party: and we spurn the attempts of the opposi 
tion to turn these efforts at self-purification into 
proofs of party venality; and we demand of all 
public officers honesty, sobriety, and diligence in 
the discharge of their duties. And we announce 
our unrelenting hostility to all attempts by cor- 
porations, monopolies or combinations, to in- 
fluence elections, or the Legislature of the State, 
by use of corrupt means. 

12th. Thai as a general dissemination of 
knowledge and learning among the people is es- 
sential to the existence of a free Republic, we 
hold the public free schools to be the safeguard 
of our liberties and pledge ourselves to cherish 
and maintain them. 

13th. That we are in favor of such a revision 
of our criminal code as will secure tile more 
speedy and effectual administration of justice and 
such wise and judicious legislation as will enforce 
individual responsibility lor all acts affecting pub- 
lic interests. 

14th. That the efforts now oeing made by the 
working men of the Nation to improve their own 

c lit inti. and more completely to vindicate their 

independence of class subordination, meet our cor- 
dial approbation; and for proof that the Repub- 
lican party is the true friend of the laborer, we 
point to the fact that while opposing all attempts 
to array capital and labor against each oilier as 
mutually destructive, it has been by the efforts 
of this party that labor was emancipated from 
the ownership of capital; free homesteads pro 
vided for settlers on the public domain: the hours 
of labor reduced; complete equality of rights es 
tablished before the law; and therefore we invite 
laboring men to seek whatever further advantage 
or amelioration they may desire, within the em- 
brace of the party of liberty and equality. 

loth. That tlie joint resolution passed by the 
last General Assembly proposing to amend the 
Constitution so as to prohibit the Legislature from 
ever assuming of paying the canal debt which 
was charged exclusively upon the Wabash and 
Erie canal, under the legislation of 1846 and 1.S4T. 
commonly known as the Butler bill, ought to be 



44 



HISTORY (IF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



adopted by the next General Assembly and sub- 
mitted to the people to the end that it may be 
ratified ami become a part of the Constitution. 

16th. That we endorse the administration of 
Governor Conrad Baker and applaud the firm, 
able and courteous manner in which lie lias dis- 
charged the duties of his high office, and we great- 
ly regret that he lias net had the co-operation of 
a Republican Legislature to carry out the various 
measures proposed for the reformation of abuses. 
I lie protection of the people against fraudulent 
canal claims, and the further development of the 
immense resources of the state. 

17th. That our Senators and Republican meiii- 
liers of Congress deserve tlie approbation of their 
constituents for the firm, able and energetic man 
ner in which they have discharged their duties. 

18th. That the administration of General 
Grant has been consistent with the principles of 
the Republican party, and eminently just, wise, 
and humane, and such as fulfills his pledges and 
deserves our cordial support. And. therefore, we 
instruct our delegates to the National Convention 
to vote for the renominatioti of Grant and Colfax 
as our candidate for President and Vice Presi- 
dent. 

There were three candidates before the 
convention for the Gubernatorial nomina- 
tion: Thomas M. Browne, Gen. Benj. 

Harrison, and Godlove S. Orth. Browne 
was nominated for Governor, and Orth 
was nominated for Congressman-at- Large. 
The census of 1870 had given Indiana two 
additional Congressmen, and as the legis- 
lature had not yet reapportioned the State, 
two were voted for at large. As finally 
made out by the convention the ticket was 
as follows: 

Governor — Thomas M. Browne. Randolph. 

Lieutenant-Governor — Leonidas Sexton. 

( 'ongressmen at Large — Godlove S. Orth and Wil- 
liam Williams. 

Secretary of State— W. W. Curry. Vigo. 

Auditor of State — James A. Wildman, Howard. 

Treasurer of StaU — John B. Glover. Lawrence. 

Attorney-General — James C. Denny, Knox. 

Reporter of Supreme Court — James B. Black. 
Marion. 

Clerk of Supreme ''<>»/■/ James Scholl, Clarke. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction — B. W. 
Smith, Marion. 

The following delegates were chosen 
for the National convention: 

At Large. Gov. Conrad Baker, lion. II. S. Lane. 
Montgomery: Gen. Ceo. K. s le, Parke; Col. J. 



C. Slaughter. Harrison: Col. C. W. Chapman. Kos- 
ciusko: Cell. Sol. Meredith. Wayne; First District. 
.1. C. Denny, Knox: Second District, Jesse J. 
Brown. Floyd: W. S. Ferrier. Clark: Third Dis- 
trict. Joseph I. Irwin, ana H. C. Vincent: Fourth 
District. J. C. Mcintosh, Fayette, and c. C. Brink- 
ley, Wayne; Fifth District. D. K. Williamson. Tut 
nam. and W. E. Sandebur. Johnson; Sixth District. 
Cen. Charles Cruft, Vigo: and .Maj. J. IS. Mulkey, 
Monroe: Seventh District. John II. Could. Carroll. 
and George Nebeker, Fountain: Eighth District, T. 
Jay. Howard, and Col. M. S. Robinson. Madison; 
Ninth District. Judge M. L. Bundy. Henry, and 
Geo. A. Dent. Adams; Tenth District. Francis Mc- 
Cartney and W. IL Brammell; Eleventh District, 
Hon. W. G. George, St. Joseph, and Col. L. t 
Hammond, Jasper. 

The State committee was made up as 
follows: 

First District. Col. John W. Foster. Vander- 
burg, Chairman: Second District. D. W. Voyles. 
Floyd; Third District. .1. (J. Berkshire. Ripley: 
Fourth District. Adams Leoge, Hancock; Fifth 
District. William Wallace. Marion; Sixth District. 
L. A. Burnett, Vigo; Seventh District. J. F. 
Parker, Benton: Eighth District. D. R. Browne. 
Hamilton; Ninth District. J. W. Burson, Dela- 
ware; Tenth District. John D. Duvall. LaCrange; 
Eleventh District. Thos. Bushnell, White. 

Later in year Leoge of Fourth Dis- 
trict resigned and Geo. M. Sleet, Rush. 
elected. D. W. Yoyles. who was nom- 
inated for Congress in Second District, 
resigned, and Horatio Woodbury, Floyd, 

elected. 

The fight of 1^7^ was a desperate 
struggle all over the country, and the 
National committee devoted much of its 
time to Indiana, recognized as a close 
State. 

The following nominations were made 
for Congress in the districts: 

First District. Wm. Heilinan: Second District. 
David W. Voyles; Third District. Wm. W. Herod; 
Fourth District. Jeremiah M. Wilson; Fifth Dis- 
trict. John Coburn; Sixth District. Morton C. 
Hunter: Seventh District. Thos. J. Cason: Eighth 
District. James N. Tyner: Ninth District. John I'. 
C. Shanks; Tenth District. Henry 1'.. Sayler; 
Eleventh District. Jasper Packard. 

Hendricks again headed the Demo- 
cratic ticket and the State election in 
( ictolier showed mixed results. Hendricks 
was elected Governor, but the Republicans 



(IF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



45 



elected the Lieutenant-Governor, Secre- 
tary of State. Auditor of State, Treasurer 
of State. Attorney-General, Clerk of the 
Supreme Court, and Reporter of the Su- 
preme Court. In November the Republi- 
cans succeeded in carrying the State and 
electing Orth and Williams Congressmen- 
at-Large by majorities of 300 or 400. In 
the districts they succeeded in electing 
Wilson. Coburn, Hunter. Cason, Tyner, 
Shanks. Sayler and Packard. The Repub- 
licans, however, carried the legislature 
and re-elected Morton to the Senate with- 
out opposition. 

THE CAMPAIGN <>F ls74. 

The Republican legislature that gath- 
ered in 1873 was the undoing of the party 
in Indiana for a long number of years. 
In Indiana, as elsewhere, the bulk of the 
temperance sentiment lay within the Re- 
publican party, and the effort to establish 
a Prohibition party alarmed the leaders 
everywhere, for it was perfectly evident 
that if such a party was to acquire any 
great strength, this strength must be 
drawn from the Republican ranks. The 
legislature of ls73 endeavored to meet the 
danger by concession and passed a very 
stringent anti-liquor measure known as 
the Baxter law. This law alienated prac- 
tically the whole of the large German 
population of the State, which had here- 
tofore acted with the Republican party. 
The State convention met at Indianapolis 
in June. Is74. and was presided over by 
Gen. Benjamin Harrison. It bad been 
generally conceded that the State officers 
elected in 1872 should be renominated. 
and very little interest was evinced. 

Aside from the speech of Gen. Harri- 
son on taking the chair, but one speech 
was made and that a very brief one by 
Col. R. W. Thompson, of Terre Haute. 
The following platform was adopted: 

The Republican party appeals witii pride and 
confidence to its past history, in proof of fidelity 



t.i it^ principles and its consistent discharge o£ 
duty tu the country, in peace ami war. These 
principles, ami tin- measures growing nut of them, 
have been stamped with tin- public approval. 
There is now no taint of suspicion resting mi its 
honor as a party. It has so conducted public af- 
fairs that at the last Presidential election one ol 
the ablest ami must earnest defenders of its pol- 
icy was accepted as the Democratic candidate 
for the Presidency, thereby leaving that party mi 
other hope of future success than may be found 
in a return to its original ami abandoned organiza- 
tion, or in negative hostility to measures it has 
solemnly approved. It recognizes the fact that 
diversities df individual opinion will exist in ref- 
erence to details of public policy, and dees nut 
seek or expect precise agreement among its mem- 
bers in all such detail. Unity in fundamental 
principles is all that can reasonably he expected 
in a country like curs, where the people are capa- 
ble and intelligent. Unlike the Democratic party 
it lays no claim to political infallibility. Hut it 
(hies claim that it has shown itself lmtli ready and 
competent to ivsisi every form of wrong and op 
piession, to restrain injustice, to remove the pub- 
lic ills when they are known to exist, to condemn 
the conduct of faithless and dishonest public 
agents, and in detect and expose abuses in the ad- 
ministration of Government, even when practiced 
by its professed supporters. It has never failed 
in the work of reform, when shewn to be neces- 
sary. Nc offender, detected in corruption, has es- 
caped its condemnation, no matter what party 
services he may have rendered. It has never en- 
deavored to defeat the public will, but regards the 
people, and not mere party organizations, as the 
primary source of all political power. By Credit 
Mohilier investigation, its repeal of the "salary 
grab" saw the abolition of the corrupting moiety 
system, and of the Sanborn contract, ii has shown 
how readily ii pays obedience to the public judg- 
ment. By its searching investigation into abuses 
in tin' District of Columbia, and its prompt con- 
demnation of administrative officers, it has demon- 
strated its unabated hostility to the demoralizing 

doctrine that "to the victors belong the spoils h 
office." And having thus secured a record which 
defies impeachment, and broughi the country into 
its present condition of peace and prosperity b\ 
measures which no parly is reckless enough to 
assail, it has left no practical differences to settle 
except upon mere i|Ueslioiis of administrative 
pi licy. And yet it is a progressive party— wedded 
to no class ami the especial interests of no class- 
but as the party of the people, it suits its policy 
iii each step in the progress of tiu.se developm 'nts 
which marl; the advancing eras of our prosperity. 
The Republicans of Indiana, therefore, assem- 
bled in state Convention, do hereby declare their 
unchangeable determination to adhere to all the 
fundamental principles of the Republican party. 



46 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



in so far as the future condition of the country 
shall require their enforcement. 

1st. As the Dnion remains unbroken and the 
people of all the sections are airain bound together 
ns brethren by a common destiny and under a 
common flag, we favor such measures ;is shall 
develop the material resources of every portion 
of it: secure to all, of every class and condition, 
full protection in all the just rights of person and 
prosperity: remove all the acerbities, and perpet- 
uate the Nation as the ■■.Model Republic" of the 
world. 

2nd. We recognize that as the true policy of 
government which shall harmonize all the diver- 
sified interests and pursuits necessarily existing 
in a country of such vast extent as ours; and as 
this can he done only by so directing legislation 
as to secure just protection and reward to every 
branch of industry, we are in favor of giving prec- 
edence to those measures which shall recognize 
agricultural and mechanical pursuits as entitled to 
the amplest and the fullest development of putting 
a stop to large grams of the public domain to rail- 
road corporations and reserving it for settlement 
and cultivation: of improving the navigation of 
our great inland rivers: of securing cheap trans- 
portation and profitable markets for the products 
of agricultural ami manufacturing labor: of en- 
couraging such manufactures as shall bring the 
producer and the consumer in the neighborhood 
of each other, and thus to establish mutual rela- 
tions between them and those engaged in com- 
merce and transportation: of properly adjusting 
the relations between capital and labor in order 
that each may receive a just and equitable share 
■ if profits and of holding those in the possession 
of corporate wealth and privileges in strict con- 
formity to law. so that by these combined in- 
fluences the people of all the varied pursuits may 
be united together in the common purpose of pre- 
serving the honor of the Nation, of developing the 
immense resources of every section of the Union 
and of advancing the social and material prosper- 
ity of all its industrial and laboring classes. 

3rd. We are in favor of such legislation on 
the subject of finances as shall make National 
banking free: as shall furnish the country with 
such an additional amount of currency as may 
l.c necessary to meet the wants of the agricultural, 
industrial and commercial interests of the country 
—to be distributed between the sections according 
to population- and such as. consistent with the 
credit and honor of the Nation, will avoid the pos- 
sibility of permitting capitalists and combinations 
of capital from controlling the currency of the 
country. 

4th. We arc in favor of such a revision of our 
patent right laws as shall destroy the oppressive 
monopoly incident to the present system, and shall 
regulate and control the manufacture, use and sale 



of patent right articles, for the benefit alike of 
the inventor, the consumer and the manufacturer. 

5th. Thai the Republican party continues to 
express its gratitude to the soldiers and sailors of 
the Republic for the patriotism, courage and self- 
sacrifice with which they gave themselves to the 
preservation of the country during the late Civil 
War; and will especially recognize the services of 
the enlisted men. by favoring the extension from 
time to time, as the ability of the Government will 
permit, of the pension and bounty laws. 

5th. In the opinion of this convention, intem- 
perance is an evil against which society has the 
right to protect itself; that our whole system of 
legislation throughout all the history of the State 
litis asserted and maintained this right, and it 
cannot now be surrendered without yielding up 
that fundamental principle of American govern- 
ment which places the power of passing laws in 
the hands of a majority; therefore, we are in favor 
of such legislation as will give majority of the 
people a rigid to deti inline for themselves, in their 
respective towns, townships or wards, whether 
the sale of intoxicating liquors for use as a bever- 
age shall be permitted therein, and such as will 
hold the vendor responsible for all damages re- 
sulting from such sales. 

7th. We favor the enactment of a law limiting 
the power of township trustees, county commis- 
sioners, and municipal authorities to assess taxes 
and increase township, county or municipal in- 
debtedness. 

8th. Inasmuch as great abuses have grown up 
under our present system of fees and salaries, we 
demand such legislation as will so. reduce and reg- 
ulate all fees and salaries as will allow no more 
than a fair anil just compensation for services 
rendered. 

lull. We look witli pride and satisfaction upon 
our common school system, ana regard its munifi- 
cent fund as a sacred trust to be faithfully and 
honestly administered, so that all the children of 
the State may lie educated in the duties of citizen 
ship and thereby become the better able to perpet- 
uate our popular institutions; and whosoever shall 
seek to strike it down, or to impair its usefulness 
will meet our ceaseless and unrelenting opposi- 
tion. 

Kith. We have entire confidence in the integ- 
rity and honor of the President of the United 
States, and our Senators and Republican Repre- 
sentatives ill Congress are entitled to our thanks 
for the zeal with which they have represented the 
principles of the Republican party during the pres- 
ent session of Congress; and the Republicans of 
Indiana view with especial pride and hearty ap- 
probation the course of Senators O. I*. Morton and 
D. D. Pratt and the fidelity and ability with which 
they have represented the sentiments of the people 
of this State. 



()F THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



47 



Tht' old ticket was renominated as fol- 
lows by acclamation : 

Secretary of State — W. \V. Curry 
Auditor of State — J. A. Wildman. 
Treasurer of State — John B. Glover. 

Attorney-General — James C. Denny. 
Judge Supreme Court — Andrew L. Osborne. 
Superintendent of Public Instruction — Prof J. 
M. Bloss. 

The State committee was selected as 
follows: 

First District. .1. C. Veatch, Spencer; Second 
District, K. H. <;. Cavens, Greene; Third District 
.1. C. McCampbell, Clark; Fourth District, J. Y 
Allison. Jefferson; Fifth District, I.. .1. Manks. 
Randolph; Sixth District, T. J. Brady. Delaware; 
Seventh District, Jacob T. Wright, Marion; Eighth 
District. L. A. Burnett. Vigo; Ninth District, Jo- 
seph Mulligan, Montgomery; Tenth District. David 
Turner. Lake: Eleventh District. I>. R. Brown, 
Hamilton: Twelfth District. R. S. Roberts, Allen; 
Thirteenth District. II. G. Thayer. Marshall. (Jen. 
T. J. Brady was made chairman. 

The State had been redislricted by the 
legislature of 1*7:1 into thirteen Con- 
gressional districts, and the nominees 
selected were as follows : 

First District. Wm. Heilman; Second District. 
Levi Ferguson; Third District. James A. Cravens; 
Fourth District. Wm. J. Robinson; Fifth District 

Benjamin F. Clay] 1; Sixth District. Milton S. 

Robinson; Seventh District. John Coburn; Eighth 
District. Morton C. Hunter: Ninth District. Thos. 
.1. Cason; Tenth District. Win. II. Calkins: 
Eleventh District. James L. Evans; Twelfth Dis- 
trict. Robert S. Taylor: Thirteenth District. John 
II. Baker. 

The Republicans made a spiritless cam- 
paign, and the signs of defeat were in the 
air all through it. and when the < >ctober 
election came on their expections were 
verified when the State went Democratic 
by about 17,000 votes. The effects of the 
Baxter law were seen even in the Con- 
gressional elections, and they only carried 
six out of the thirteen districts, electing 
Messrs. New, Robinson. Hunter, Cason. 
Evans and Baker. The legislature was 
lost, and Pratt was succeeded in the United 
States Senate by Joseph E. McDonald. 



CAMPAIGN (>F ls7>:. 

Tt was not in Indiana alone that the 
Democratic party had been gradually re- 
covering its strength and unity. The re- 
construction work of Congress had given 
rise to many scandals, and the Grant 
administration had been the subject of 
vicious attacks throughout the country. 
All the war issues, except that of readjust 
ing the financial system, had been settled, 
and as no new issues had come up, the 
country was deluged in every campaign 
with a lot of recrimination, personal abuse 
and charges of corruption. The Indiana 
Republicans in 1 876 returned to their time- 
honored custom of holding their State con- 
vention on Washington's birthday, mainly 
for the purpose of launching a boom for 
Morton for the Presidency. Upon this 
point the convention was unanimous. 

Tlie following platform was adopted: 

We will remain faithful to the principles of 
the National Republican party in all things ion 
cerning the administration of National affairs. 
until every right guaranteed by the Constitution 
shall be fully secured and enjoyed, until all exist- 
ing laws shall be faithfully executed, and such 
others shall be passed as tire necessary to that 
end— until the ballot box shall be protected against 
all frauds and violence— until the right of popular 
representation shall be fully vindicated, and until 
till voters- whether white or black— shall be so 
secured in the right to cast their ballots that the 
laws shall rest upon "the consent of the governed." 

2nd. We do not recognize the right of a State 
to impede the execution of the National laws, or to 
impair any of the rights conferred by them, and 
hold it to be the duty of the Government to see that 
these laws are executed in every State, and that 
these rights tire enjoyed without impediment or 
hindrance. 

3rd. We hold the Government of the United 
States to be a Nation, and not a mere coufedera 
tion of States; that it represents the sovereign 
authority of the people of the United States, and 
not the States, and that as the Constitution and 
laws of the National Government are supreme, no 
State has the right to resist or impede their exe- 
cution, or to withdraw from the Union in conse- 
quence thereof; and that although the result of the 
late rebellion settled this question against the right 
to secede, yet the future harmony and safety of 
the Union require that this doctrine shall be so 



4 s 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



condemned that under no possible exigency shall 
it ever be revived 

4th. While we believe thai the National Gov- 
ernment is entirely independent of the stales, 
when acting within its own proper circle, we also 
believe that the Slate Governments are entirely 
independent of the National when acting within 
their own proper circles; and we will maintain 
this independence of both to the end that harmony 
may exist between them, that the National wel- 
fare may be advanced, and thai the States may be 
secured in the exercise of amide jurisdiction over 
all their domestic affairs, so that they may be en- 
abled to develop their material interests and em- 
ploy all tlie means necessary to the intellectual 
and moral enlightenment of the people. 

5th. We are willing and anxious to restore 
entirely amicable relations between the people of 
the Northern and those of the Southern States 
who were engaged in the rebellion and with a 
view thereto are ready to forgive and grant am- 
nesty to all those wlio desire to lie forgiven and 
amnested, but we are neither ready nor willing 
to extend tins forgiveness and amnesty to those 
who remain unrepentant for their attempt to de- 
stroy the Onion, or to place the rebellion and those 
wlio fought on its side upon an equality with the 
cause of the Union anil the gallant soldiers who 
defended it. We believe that the war for the 
Union was right and the rebellion wrong, and that 
thus it should forever stand in history. 

nth. We have no wish to see disfranchised 
any officer, soldier or citizen who defended the 

cause of the Confederacy, and lias 1 a amnested 

under the existing laws, but when faithful Union 
soldiers who were honestly discharging the duties 
of office have been removed to make place for any 
of these, the act is so flagrant an insult to the 
Union cause and those who risked their lives for 
it. that it deserves the rebuke and condemnation 
of the whole country, and the special censure of 
every loyal soldier. 

7th. We believe that in conducting the civil 
service, men should lie selected for office on ac- 
count of their qualifications, integrity, and moral 
character, and not on account of mere party serv- 
ice, in order that thereby the public business may 
he faithfully conducted, administrative economy 
secured and the patronage of the Government 
lie so dispensed that it shall not be brought "in 
conflict with the freedom of elections.*' 

8th. We believe that all men are equal before 
the law, and that ibis great and fundamental prin- 
ciple of our free institutions cannot be departed 
from without violating their genius and spirit; 
and in order that equal justice shall be done to 
all and special privileges conferred on none, it is 
the duty of the Government to provide, by all 
necessary laws, for its preservation and enforce 
ment. 



!lth. We insist on perfect religious freedom, 
and freedom of conscience to every individual; 
are opposed to any interference whatever with the 
church by the State, or with the State by the 
Church, or to any union between them; and in our 
opinion it is incompatible with American citizen 
ship to pay allegiance to any foreign power, civil 
or ecclesiastical, which asserts the right lo in- 
clude the action of civil governments within the 
domain of religion and morals, because ours is a 
"Government of the people, by the people, and for 
l he people" and must not be subject to or inter- 
fered with by any authority not directly responsi- 
ble to them. 

loth. A country so bountifully supplied as 
ours is witli all the sources of wealth, possessing 
unsurpassed capacity for production, every neces- 
sary facility for the growth of mechanic and man- 
ufacturing arts, and all the agencies of labor, 
needs only the fostering aiil of the Government 
to establish its material prosperity upon a durable 
basis; in our opinion, therefore, it is the duty of 
the Government to so regulate its revenue system 
as to give all needful encouragement to our agri- 
cultural, mechanical, mining and manufacturing 
enterprises, so that harmonious relations may be 
permanently established between labor and cap- 
ital, and just remuneration be secured to both. 

11th. In our opinion it is the duty of the 
Government, in passing laws for raising revenue. 
so lo lay taxes as to give the greatest possible ex- 
emption to articles of primary necessity, and to 
place them most heavily upon the luxuries and 
the wealth of the country. 

12th. We believe that it is the duty of the 
Government in furnishing National currency so 
to regulate it as to provide for its ultimate re- 
demption in gold and silver; that any attempt to 
hasten this period more rapidly than it shall be 
brought alioitt by the laws of trade and commerce 
is inexpedient; therefore, in our opinion, so much 
of the so-called resumption acl as lixes the time 
for the resumption of specie payments should be 
repealed; and after such repeal the currency 
should remain undisturbed— neither contracted nor 
expanded, we being assured that the financial 
troubles of the country, when relieved from inter- 
ference, will be speedily and permanently cured by 
the operation of the natural laws of trade, and by 
preserving that course of policy which the Repub- 
lican party has constantly maintained of steadily 
looking to an ultimate resumption of specie pay- 
ments. 

13th. The greenback currency was created by 
the Republican party as a matter of absolute ne- 
cessity to carry the Government successfully 
through the War of the Rebellion and save the 
life of the Nation; it met the tierce opposition of 
the Democratic party on the declared ground that 
it was unconstitutional and would prove worth- 
less, and if this opposition had been successful the 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



l:- 



war would have resulted in the independence of 
the Southern Confederacy. If the Democratic 
party was sincere in this opposition, one of its ob- 
jects in now seeking to obtain possession of the 
Government must be to destroy this currency. 
along with that furnished by the National banks, 
so that the country may be compelled to return to 
the system of local and irresponsible hanking 
which existed under the administration of Mr. 
Buchanan; and therefore as it is necessary that 
this currency shall be maintained in order to save 
the country from the most ruinous system of local 
and irresponsible banking, and from consequent 
financial embarrassments, its best interests re- 
quire that it shall be left in the hands of it* 
friends and not be turned over to its enemies. 

14th. When the Republican party obtained 
possession of the Government in 1S<!1 the annual 
expenditures were greater than the receipts from 
revenue, in consequence of a general derangement 
in commerce and trade brought on by maladminis- 
tration. A large amount of Treasury notes had 
been issued and thrown upon the market to make 
up the deficiency; the credit of the United States 
was below par. and in addition to these embarass 
litems, it inherited from the administration of Mi-. 
Buchanan a domestic war of immense proportions; 
yet it has so conducted the Government that its 
credit has been placed above par, and its bonds 
are sought after in all the great money markets 
of the world, notwithstanding the magnitude of 
the war. and the debt necessarily occasioned 
thereby; and the revenues have been so increased 
and so faithfully collected and economically ap- 
plied that in addition to the ordinary expenses 

over $500,000,000 of the public debt have 1 n 

paid, and regular monthly payments are made 
thereon and thus the absolute necessity of contin- 
uing the policy by which these results have been 
achieved is fully demonstrated. 

15th. We remain, as heretofore, irrevocably 
opposed to the payment of any part of the rebel 
debt, or to any payment whatever for emanci- 
pated slaves, or the property of rebels destroyed ill 
war. 

16th. We demand that the Government of the 
United States, as well as that of this State, shall 
be administered with the strictest economy con 
sistent with the public safety and interest. 

17th. The ordinai.ee of 17S7 made it the duty 
of the States formed out of the Northwest Terri- 
tory to forever encourage schools and the means 
of education as necessary "for extending the prin- 
ciples of civil ami religious liberty." Washington 
declared that ■■the education of our youth in the 
science of government" is necessary to prepare 
them for becoming "the future guardians of the 
liberties of the country." Jefferson placed educa- 
tion "among the articles of public care." Madison 
said that by its general diffusion it would en- 
lighten the opinions, expand the patriotism, and 



assimilate the principles and sentiments of the 
people, and thereby "contribute not lev- to 
strengthen the foundations than to adorn the 
structure of our free ami nappy system of govern- 
ment," and the people of this State, having by 
the Constitution approved the principles that it is 

the duty of the State t lucate all her children. 

and having thus made it an essential feature of 
our system of State government, we shall regard 
all opponents of our public schools as assailing a 
fundamental principles of free government, ami 
shall not falter in our support of them until every 
child in the State has 1 n furnished with a com- 
mon school education and shall be taught in the 
fundamental principles of free popular govern- 
ment: anil we shall demand a faithful administra- 
tion of the school law and the strictest economy 
in the disposition and expenditures of the funds, 
which should remain undivided, so that instead of 
the public schools being conducted with a view 
to prepare students for colleges and professions, 
they may continue what they were designed to be. 
the schools of the people. 

18th. Inasmuch as all Republican govern 
incuts depend for their stability and perpetuity 
upon the intelligence and virtue of the people, it is 
the right and duty of the State and National ad- 
ministration to foster and secure the highest moral 

and intellectual development of the i [ile. and 

no laws should be enacted that are despotic in 
character, or disregard the wishes of the majority. 

19th. We have not forgotten, and shall not 
forget, the services rendered to the cause of the 
Union by our gallant soldiers and seamen during 

the war of the rebellion— how firmly they st 1 

amid the leaden hail of battle, how patiently and 
heroically they endured the hardships of camps 
and field, and what terrible afflictions some of 
them suffered as prisoners of war. The honor id' 
the Nation is pledged to provide bounties and pen- 
sions for them, and to take care of the widows 
and orphans of those who have lost their lives in 

the defense of the ( Sovernment a nil upon this 
we shall earnestly and constantly insist. 

20th. The administration of General Grant 
commands our fullest confidence and approbation 
-our respect for him as a man of unspotted honor 
and as a statesman of wisdom and prudence and 
our admiration for his high qualities as a soldier 
remain unabated, and we especially commend him 
for the example he will leave to his successors of 
removing from office those of his own appoint- 
ment when he has found them to be unfaithful 
and of causing those who have proved dishonesl 
to be so prosecuted that "no guilty man shall .- 
cape." 

l!lst. In our opinion the lion. Oliver 1'. Morion 
possesses in an eminent degree the ability and 
qualities which tit him for the office of President 
of the United states. During his service as Gov- 
ernor of t liis. state, when the Union was iu the 



50 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



utmost peril, he displayed executive abilities of the 
very highest order, and his Senatorial career has 
been distinguished by. such statesmanlike wisdom 
,-is in win the approbation of the whole country. 
We know his faithfulness to every public trust, his 
earnest devotion to the cause of the Union, li s 
unflinching advocacy of the rights of the op- 
pressed, and therefore presenl his name to the 
National Republican Convention for nomination 
for the office of President. 

The following State ticket was put in 
the field : 

(ionriinr— Godlove S. Orth, Tippecanoe 

Lieutenant-Governor— Robert S.Robertson, Allen. 

Judges Supreme Court — First District. Win. P. 
Edson. Posey; Second District, A. C. Vbris. Lau- 
rence; Third District. H. C. Newcomb, Marion; 
Fourth District. J. F. Kibbey, Wayne. 

Secretary of State — Isaiah P. Watts. Randolph. 

Auditor of State — Wm. M. Hess. Hendricks. 

Treasurer of stuff— George F. Herriott, Johnson. 

Attorney-General — Jonathan W. Gordon, Marion. 

Reporter Supreme Court — L. T. .Miller. Warren. 

( 'lerk Supreme < 'ourf— Charles Scholl. Clarke. 

Superintendent Public Instruction — Oliver H. 
Smith. Spencer. 

The following delegates to the National 
convention were selected tinder instruc- 
tions to vote and work for Morton: 

At Large, Col. K. W. Thompson, Vigo; Will 
Cumback. Decatur; James X. Tyner, .Miami; Gen. 
Thomas M. Browne, Randolph. First District 
Wm. Heihnan, Vanderburg, and R. T. Kercheval. 
Spencer; Second District, Gen. I. a/.. Noble, Knox. 
and X. R. Peckinpaugh, Craw turd; Third District 
J. H. McCampbell, Clark, and Simon Stansifer. 
Bartholomew; Fourth District, Col. II. Tripp, Jen- 
nings, and Wm. .1. Baird. Switzerland; Fifth Dis 
trict, R. M. Haworth, Union, and ('apt. John 
Schwartz, Dearborn; Sixth District, Simon T. 
Powell, Henry, and Asbury Steele. Grant; Seventh 
District. L. M. Campbell, Hendricks, and .7. ('. S. 
Harrison, Marion; Eighth District, Ani/.i L. Mun- 
sen. Lawrence, and W. K. Edwards, Vigo; Ninth 
District, M. II. Bunnell, Boone, and Henry Taylor. 
Tippecanoe; Tenth District. I-:. Merrifield, Porter, 
and E. W. Niker, of St. Joseph; Eleventh District, 
t'ol. K. (J. Shryock, Fulton, ami .1. R. Cray. Ham- 
ilton; Twelfth District, George Arnold. Wells, and 
A. W. DeLong, Huntington; Thirteenth District, B. 
I.. Davenport, Elkhart, and James s. Frazier, Kos- 
ciusko. 

Tlie State committee was made up as 
follows: 

First District, .las. ('. Veatch, Spencer: Second 
District, Win. Armstrong. Daviess; Third District, 
A. .1. Hy. Clark; Fourth District, James Y. Allison, 



Jefferson; Filth District, I.. J. Monks. Randolph; 

Sixth District, Thos. 1'.. Adams. Shelby: Seventh 
District. X. It. Ruckle. Marion: Eighth District, 
Ceo. W. Friedley, Lawrence; Ninth District, Thos. 
Underwood. Tippecanoe: Tenth District. Andrew- 
Hall. Newton; Eleventh District, Wm. Thompson, 
Howard; Twelfth District. J. I!. White. Allen: 
Thirteenth District, II. G. Thayer. Marshall. Ceo. 
W. Friedley was made chairman of the committee. 
hut his campaign was prosecuted under very great 
difficulties. 

In the first place the Republicans failed 
in their hope of nominating Morton, and 
the convention which met in Cincinnati 
on June 14 named Hayes for the Presi- 
dency. The Democrats, in their National 
convention at St. Louis ten days later. 
took advantage of this situation in Indiana 
and nominated Hendricks for Vice-Presi- 
dent, thus enlisting upon their side what- 
ever State pride might contribute to success 
in Indiana. But the most troublesome 
thing the Republicans had to meet was a 
fierce attack upon Godlove S. Orth by the 
Democratic press and a number of inde- 
pendent Republican papers throughout the 
State. During the preceding session of Con- 
gress Orth had been chairman of the House 
Committee on Foreign Relations, which 
had under consideration certain claims of 
citizens of the United States against the 
republic of Venezuela. It was intimated 
that damaging charges would lie made 
against Orth in connection with the ad- 
justments of these claims. There was never 
any foundation for a charge and none was 
ever brought. As a matter of tact Hon. 
S. E. A. Bridges, a Democratic member 
of the committee, afterwards declared 
that these intimations of a possible charge 
were maliciously false, and the whole 
matter seemed to have been a campaign 
scheme manufactured without any hasis. 
Nevertheless the managers of the Repub- 
lican campaign were frightened not a little 
at the prospect of these mysterious charges 
of which they knew nothing, and. after 
various consultations, Orth voluntarily 
resigned from the ticket. The State com- 
mittee met and nominated Gen. Benjamin 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 5] 

Harrison for the Governorship Harrison Voorhees, who led the Indiana Democracy 

was in Michigan at the time, and was for so many years afterwards, entered the 

notified of his selection by wire He re- Senate by appointment of Governor Wil- 

plied, protesting that he could not accept Hams. En the November election the State 

the nomination, lmt the selection of the went Democratic by only about 4, 500 votes, 

committee had already been publicly an- and the Republicans succeeded in electing 

nounced, and. upon representations that nine out of the thirteen members of Con- 

his declination would ruin all prospects of gress: 

party success, he reluctantly accepted. Messrs. Leonidas Sexton hi the Fourth District; 

'1'he Democrats had nominated James ]). Thomas M. Browne in the Fifth District; Milton 

Williams tor the Governorship. The In s Robinson in the Sixth District; John Hanna in 

,. ,. , , ,, . ,, i j „ the Seventh District; Morton C. Hunter in the 

dianapolis Joi(TOO« was then in the handsof ,..,,,. ,, , „., . , ...,,. 

1 Eighth t)istriet: M. I >. \\ liite in the Ninth district; 

men who have since sold it. and the nomi- w u Ca i kins hl t he Tenth District; .1. I.. Evans 

nation of Williams broughl forth a most in the Eleventh Disti'iet; .1. H. Baker in the 

unfortunate editorial, in which the dread- Twelfth District. Mr. C. A. DeBrueler was defeat- 

,. , , , ., . \\--n- ii ,,| 1 i" the First District, Louis T. Loveless in the 

I ul charge was niaile that \\ ilhams could , „ , ,„, . , 

6 Second District. Jesse K. Newsoni in the Third 

not rise to the dignity of a Gubernatorial District, and Win. A. Bouhain in the Twelfth Dis- 

oftice because of Ins plain and homely triet. 



This was the first National campaign 



ways. And in support of this argument 

it was declared that he would probably , • , i ,, . \ 

1 .■ m which it was charged that lay: 

come into the Governor's office dressed in . , T ,. 

amounts of money were sent to Indiana 

blue ieans. The Dei -rats were quick , ,, ^ T , , ... .. ,, . 

•' . 1 by the National committees or the two 

to set' the point, and their candidate for ,. ,. .■ , 

1 great parties for purposes of corruption. 

Governor was afterwards known as Blue ' IT 1^4-1 1 *,,, 

How much of these charges were true 

Jeans Williams. Those who are aware of ., . , . , •, , . , ,-, 

it is obviously impossible to know, tor 

the tremendous effect of the coon skin cap ,, . c , u - ■ . , , 1 1 ;,, 

1 that sort ot thing is never recorded in 

in the Harrison campaign of LS40 may ,, , 1 1 •. i . <. ■ u ; +1, +. *i, 

1 s • black and white, but certain it is that the 

well imagine the effect of this sort of ■■ 1 f 1 ,. . 1 „ 

& _ amounts ot money supposed to have been 

thinn' upon the plain fanners of Indiana t i- e v *• , 1 

& . J ' , sent into Indiana from .National com- 

Harrison made a heroic campaign, and , , , , , „ -1 ,, 1,. 

1 ' mittees have always been tremendousl} 

twice or thrice a day his inimitable oratory , ■, 

exaggerated. 

aroused enthusiasm among his adherents. 

But the tide of circumstances was against CAMPAIGN < >F L878. 

him, and the October election showed the 

triumph of Williams and the Democratic In L 87 8 the Republicans returned to the 

ticket by about 13,000 plurality. During tight with renewed courage, but made a 

their long possession of the legislature. losing battle. The State convention was 

however, the Republicans had gerryman- held at [ndianapolis on June 5 and adopted 

deredthe State to some extent, and though the following platform: 

there was a majority of four against The Republicans of Indiana, in convention as- 

them in the State Senate, they had fifty- sembled, make the following declaration of prin- 

three members of the House, giving them cl P les: 

. . . . . ' ' The maintenance of the groat principles ol ih" 

a majority of two on joint ballot. Morton Republican ,,.„.„. as ,. ss ,,„iai to the peace, per- 

was re-elected to the United States Senate maneney. and prosperity of the Nation. The righi 

without opposition, but his death, shortly of the people to meel together and discuss their 

... 1 ■ ,, ■ , . 1 C4. grievances to be jealously guarded and main- 

after entering upon Ins third term, left , ' , 

Jf ' tained: 1. 111 (lwrrminrd i»jii»..«it 1..11 1.. lawlessness 

the Indiana Republicans without a repre- ,„. ,,, . lllN regor| ,,, Eorce aucl violence, as subver 

sentative of the Senate, and Daniel W. sive of the public peace, injurious to public morals 



52 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

;iiid destructive of the rights and interests of :ill public measure is so sacred thai they will not vio- 
classes. Equal rights before the law and equal late it to obtain a party advantage. The cry of 
protection under the law, withoui regard to race. fraud in regard to the last Presidential election is 
creed, condition or occupation. No exclusive priv- a disguise to conceal the illegal and forcible means 
ileges to individuals or classes. Opposition to all by which voters in the Southern States wrw in- 
subsidies— National, State, county or municipal. timidated, and thousands in all the States were 
The common school system to be cherished and sought to be corrupted; and the unblushing man- 
perfected, and to thai end the school fund should cer in which the leaders of the Democratic party 
not lie diverted to sectarian purposes. Rigid econ- undertook to buy the votes of Presidential electors 
oniy in all expenditures— National. State, county with money proves them unworthy the public con- 
and municipal. A just limitation upon taxes for fidence. 

State, county, township and municipal purposes. The denial of the title of President Hayes is 

Opposition to any increase of municipal indebted an act of party desperation, and the attempt to 

uess. Strict accountability upon the part of all oust him from office is revolutionary resistance 

public officers. The just reduction and equaliza- to law. and if it is not condemned by the people it 

Hon of all fees and salaries. Such legislation as will furnish a precedent by which any defeated 

will secure to all persons laboring for and furnish party may issue its declaration in opposition to 

Ing supplies to railroad and other corporations full law, rally its supporters to acts of violence, plunge 

payment for their labor and material. An in the country into anarchy, and thus Mexicanize 

creased exemption of property from execution, and and destroy our institutions. 

a liberal homestead law. Such legislation as will The electoral commission was constitutionally 

protect the life and secure the comfort of miners created by the act and consent of the Democratic 

and laborers engaged in hazardous occupations. party in Congress; and its decision, subsequently 

A constitutional amendment providing for strict confirmed, was final .and conclusive upon every 

registration and election laws. Full commenda- department of this Government. There can be 

tion of and sympathy with all efforts for peisonal no appeal from ii except by revolution; its decision 

reformation. American industries to be encour- makes the title of President Hayes equal to that 

aged and fostered by such legislation as will de- of any former President; and we recognize in his 

velop the material resources of the country, and personal integrity, as well as the general course 

give full measure of employment and reward foi of his administration, the guarantee that he will 

labor. Opposition to repudiation in all its forms; conduct the Government so as to preserve the 

the honor ami credit of the Nation to lie main- honor and promote the happiness of the whole 

tained in every contingency. No abandonment or country. 

depreciation of the greenback currency. A sound We solemnly pledge ourselves to support and 

and stable currency of gold, silver, and paper of maintain President Hayes and the lawfully con- 

the same value. National legislation authorizing stituted authorities of the Government in resist 

the receipt of greebacks at par in payment of cus ing revolution. 

touts and in the purchase of Government bonds At this the first opportunity presented the Re- 
Opposition to further financial agitation, stability publicans of Indiana in this capacity, we desire to 
in our financial system being essentia] to business place on the permanent records of the party a 
prosperity. Union soldiers are entitled to all tribute of our high appreciation of the character 
honor, and their displacement and the substitution and services of Oliver P. Morton. What he has 
of rebel soldiers as employes by the National done for his country and his State is now history 
House of Representatives should be condemned by We can never forget his intrepid leadership ami 
every patriotic citizen. Opposition to the payment his unselfish devotion to the public weal. The peo 
of Southern claims arising out of the rebellion. pie of Indiana must ever regard and cherish the 

We denounce the action of the Democratic memory of him whose name and fame are now 

House of Representatives in demanding payment the common heritage of the Nation. 
of over two hundred million dollars of rebel claims 

as a conspiracy against the Government, less open The following' State ticket was noini 

but not less dangerous than armed rebellion. tilted - 

We denounce the Democrats in the House of 

Representatives for their lawless action in unseat- Secretary of State— Isaac S. Moore. Vanderburgh 

ing Republican Representatives fairly and legally Auditor of State— Abram O. Miller. Boone, 

elected, and in giving their places to partisans. Treasurer of State -George F. Herriott, Johnson. 

regardless of the right of election by the people. Attorney-General— Daniel P. Baldwin, Cass. 

The leaders of the Democratic party are seek Superintendent Public Instruction — Jacob T 

ing to make it a revolutionary party; they will not Merri »- Tippecanoe. 

submit to the repose of the country, or leave the . . -, 

people to their peaceful pursuits so long as they ' he st;,ttJ committee was made up as 

have hope of profit by agitation; and no law or follows: 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



53 



First District Thus. .1. Scott. Gibson; Second 
District. Win. Armstrong, Daviess; Third District. 
W. II. Fogg, Clark: Fourth District. John Over- 
meyer, Jennings; Fifth District. W. W. Dudley. 
Wayne: Sixth District. Geo. F. Chittenden .Mad- 
ison; Seventh District. Solomon Blair, Marion; 
Eighth District, YV. K. Edwards, Vigo; Ninth Dis- 
trict. D. O. Bayles. Clinton; Tenth District. Horace 
E. James. Jasper; Eleventh District, Joseph R. 
Gray, Hamilton; Twelfth District. A. W. DeLong. 
Huntington; Thirteenth District. II. G. Thayer. 
Marshall. Mr. Blair was made chairman. 

In the districts the following nominees 
for Congress were named: 

First District. Win. Heilman; Second District. 
Richard M. Welinan: Third District. A. E. S. Dong; 
Fourth District. Eeonidas Sexton; Fifth District. 
Tin s. M. Browne: Sixth District. Win. Grose; Sev- 
enth District. John Hanna; Eighth District. 
Morton ('. Hunter; Ninth District. Godlove S. 
Orth; Tenth District. Win. II. Calkins; Eleventh 
District. Calvin Cowgill; Twelfth District. .1 dm 
Studebaker; Thirteenth District. John II. Baker. 

The election in ( >ctober was disastrous, 
the State going Democratic by ahout 14.- 
000. The November election did not help 
matters much, though Mr. Heilman suc- 
ceeded in turning- over the First District. 
The Fourth. Seventh and Eighth Districts 
were lost, and those that were carried were 
pulled through with greatly reduced ma- 
jorities, the Fifth by less than 1,000, the 
Sixth by something over 300 and the Ninth 
by about ninety-eight. 

The following members were elected: 

Messrs. Heilman. Browne, ('rose. Orth. Calk- 
ins. Cowgill and Baker. 

CAMPAIGN <)F L880. 

When the campaign of 1880 came on. 
the Republicans began to pull themselves 
together for a tremendous effort. Defeat 
had had the effect of chastening and uniting 
the party, and the leaders went to work in 
a sensihle way. to secure the most valuable 
candidates for a State ticket and the 
strongest possible organization of the 
party. 

The State convention was held on 
June 17. 1880. and the following platform 
adopted: 



The Republicans of Indiana in convention as- 
sembled, reaffirm tin' truth of the declarations 
made, and fully indorse the resolutions adopted 
by the National convention assembled at Chicago 
mi the 2nd of June, 1880. 

In the nominees of the Chicago convention we 
recognize representative men of the Republican 
party, and statesmen who may well he entrusted, 
with the administration of our National Govern- 
ment, and we heartily commend them to the sup- 
port of the people. 

Resolved, That as an inflexible principle of 
personal liberty, we maintain the right of locomo- 
tion, including the right of foreigners to emigrate 
hither and become American citizens, and the 
right of native-born citizens to migrate from one 
State to another without vexatious investigation 
as to their motives for doing so. 

2nd. That we favor such State legislation as 
will protect the people from imposition by the dis 
holiest procurement of promissory notes payable 
in bank, without, however, impairing the validity 
of commercal credits. 

3rd. That we congratulate the people of In- 
diana upon the adoption of the constitutional 
amendments recently submitted under which the 
purity of the ballot box may be secured, increased 
economy in the government attained, the speedy 
administration of justice provided for, and extrav- 
agant municipal taxation prevented. And we 

point to the open Hostility of the leaders of the 
Democratic party to these salutary provisions as 
evidence of the insincerity of their professions, 
their unfaithfulness to the public welfare, and 
their unfitness to administer the State Government 
recognizing at the same time the patriotism and 
independence of the large mass of the Democratic 
party who gave those amendments their support 

4th. That we reaffirm our devotion to the 
system of free, common, unsectarian schools as 
the source of popular intelligence, and indispens- 
able to the perpetuity of free Government. 

5th. That the gratitude of the country to those 
brave men who periled their lives for the preserva- 
tion of the Union is a perpetual debt which must 
never be forgotten, and the duty of Congress to 
embody this sentiment in the form of laws for 
their substantial benefit is imperative. 

6th. That we favor all proper measures tend- 
ing to develop the great agricultural and mineral 
resources of our State, and especially such wise 
and wholesome laws as will insure the comfort 
and safety of those engaged in the dangerous 
work of mining; and recognizing existing defects 
in our laws we favor such further legislation as 
will secure to all laborers a speedy and effectual 
enforcement of their rights as against all corpora- 
tions and individuals. 

7th. That all laws on the subject of fees and 
salaries shall be made so as to afford justice to 
the citizen and a fair compensation to the officer. 



54 HISTORY <>K THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

[n casting about for a candidate, many '-• Kuniler. Tippecanoe; Tenth District, D. w. 

Tumi iisi.il. Cass; Eleventh District, A. W. De- 
Long, Huntington; Twelfth District. Robert Strat 
ton, Allen; Thirteenth District. W. C. Graves, Kos- 



itiost popular men in the State. Porter 
was nominated for Governor by acclama- 



eyes had been turned to Albert (>. Porter, 

who had been phenominally successful in 

his contests for Congress in the Richmond crrcsko. The committee elected as its chairman, 

district. He was known as one of the John C. New. who proved one of the best organiz 

ers the party has ever known. Clinton C. Riley 
was made secretary of the committee and .lames 
A. Wildman treasurer. Mr. New appointed an ex- 

tion, but declined the nomination. The ecutivt imittee composed of W. H. H. Terrell. 

convention, however, would heat- of no William W. Dudley, Charles Kahlo. Isaac Jenkin 

, ,. , • ,. ,11 son, Denrv S. Bennett. Alex. \Y. DeLong and M 

declination, and in a scene ot remarkable ,,,,,.',,,,, 

11. McKay, lie also had an anil, tin- committee 

enthusiasm insisted upon his acceptance. composed of .lames a. Wildman, Theodore P. 

The rest of the ticket was made 1 up as fol- Haughey and William Wallace. 

lows: 

Ihe regular party organization tins year 

Governor — Albsrt G. Porter, Marion. . .1 -i , i- i4 .i i ,i 

r . . . _ _, ,, was strengthened not a little by the organ- 

Lieutenant-Govemor— Thomas Hanna, Putnam. & ■ s 

Judges Supreme Court-Third District, Byron K. ization of the "Young Men's Republican 
Elliott. Marion; Fifth District. Wm. A. Woods, Elk Club of Indiana'" Campaign chilis had 

art become common during the National canv 

Secretary of State— E. R. Ha wn. Crawford. . „ 

htditor of State Ed A Wolfe Rush paign. but this year a systematic effort was 

Treasure-! of State — Roswell S. Hill, flay. made to organize a club in every hamlet, 

Attorney-General— Daniel P. Baldwin, Cass. .,,„] ,i„. v were combined into a State organ- 

Superintendent of Public Instruction— John M. ■ ,. ' .,, ,, , „ ffi 

n , ,. , , ization with the following officers: 

liloss, \ anderburg. ° 

Clerk Supreme Court— Daniel M. Royse, Tippe- President— John O. Hardesty. Terre Haute. 

canoe. Vice-Presidents— C. S. Denny, Indianapolis; W. 

Reporter Supreme Court— Francis M. Dice. Foun S. Wright, Logansport; E. W. Brady, Munuie; C. H. 

tain. McCarer, Evansville. 

, . Secretary — Charles F. Robbins. Indianapolis. 

hor the first tune tins year the Repub- Assistant-Secretary-TheoOoreShockiiey, Union 

licans began a new method of organizing City, 

the party. Heretofore the district mem- Treasurer— Rowland Estss, Noblesville. 

, ,. , , ~, , ... , , . , Executive Committee— First District, John J. 

bers of the btate committee had been chosen ,, , ,. ,. ■,, Q i ,,■.■, ,->, , 

Marlett. Evansville; Seoond District, Charles G. 
by the delegates to the State convention McCord. Vincennes; Third District, James W. Dun- 
meeting in district caucuses. This year, bar, New Albany ; Fourth District, Eugene G. Hay. 

however, the State convention was held ^ ad ! s ° n; Klf "' J**™* 1 f ilas t»T ' Gr f e ' lcastle = 

sixth District, A C Lindemutn, Richmond ; Seventh 
after the National convention, and it was District, James L. Fletcher. Indianapolis; Eighth 
necessary to bold district conventions for District, M. L. Diall. Terre Haute; Ninth District, 
the purpose of electing delegates to the " U ' Sterrett ' Zionsville; Tenth District. W. S. 

Wright. Logansport; Eleventh District, C. C. Cow- 



National convention. At these district 
ins it was decided to elect the mem 
if the State committee so that tin 



..ill. Wabash: Twelfth District, J. E. McClasky. La 
elections it was decided to elect the mem- grungs; Thirteenth District, W. H. Calkins, Laporte. 



Will 



The following delegates were sent to the 

'sol organizing the party could be put v 4 - , V ', +1 r ± ■ 

° . l l National convention liv the district meet- 



niider way early. At these district meet 
ings the following members of the State 
committee were elected; 



nn 



I'itst District. Win. M. Hoggatt, Warrick, and 

Alexander Gilchrist, Vanderburg; Second District. 

t'irsi District, Henry s. Bennett, Vanderburg; Samuel E. Kereheval, Daviess, and John B. 

Second District, R. .1. Evans, Knox; Third His- Glover, Lawrence; Third District..!. II. Friedley, 

trict, M. M. Hurley. Floyd; fourth District, John Scott, and W, II. Slemmons, Ilarrismi; Fourth His 

Ovei yer, Jennings; Fifth District. .1. II. .Ionian. trict, John II. Crozier, Jefferson, and F. A. Adkin- 

Morgan; Sixth District. Isaac .Tenkinson, Wayne; son. Dearborn; Fifth District. .1. B. Homan, Hen- 
Seventh District, John ( '. New. .Marion: Eighth dricks, and Capt. l ». E. Heein. Owens; Sixth Dis 
District, H. II. Bondinot, Vigi ; Ninth District, A. trict, Milton Peden, Henry, and Thomas M. Little, 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



Fayette; Seventh District, R. O. Hawkins. .Marion. 
and .1. B. McFadden. Shelby: Eighth District. 
W. R. McKeen, Vigo, and Enos II. N'ebeker, Foun- 
tain; Ninth District, Judge B. K Higginbotharn, 
Clinton, and I>r. <;. B. Chittenden, Madison; Tenth 
District. P. s. Bedell, Lake and John \V. Weimer, 
White: Eleventh District, J. F. Vail, Howard, and 
J. J. Todd, Wells: Twelfth District, Win. M. Clapp. 
Noble, and Charles K. Baxter, DeKalb; Thir- 
teenth District. Clement Studebaker, St. Joseph, 
and State Senator Davenport, Elkhart. 

A State convention called for the special 
purpose elected four delegates at large, as 
follows: 

Gen. Benjamin Harrison, of .Marion: D. B. 
Kninler. of Vanderburg; George W. Friedley, of 

Lawrence, and James C. Collins, of Whitley. 

Tile following candidates for Congress 

were put in the Held: 

First District. Wm. lleilnian: Second District, 
.lames Braden; Third District. Allien P. Charles: 
Fourth District. John O.. Cravens; Fifth District. 
Wm. B. F. Treat: Sixtli District. Thos. M. Browne; 
Seventh District. Stanton .1. Peelle; Eighth Dis 
trict, R. K. F. Fierce: Ninth District, Godlove S. 
Orth; Tenth District. Mark L. Demdtte; Eleventh 
District, Geo. W. Steele; Twelfth District, Roberl 
S. Taylor: Thirteenth District. Wm. II. Calkins. 

The campaign of 1880 was one of the 
most remarkable fights in the history of 
I his State. It wascharged that the Repub- 
lican National committee and the Demo- 
ocratic National committee sent enormous 
sums of money into Indiana to corrupt 
the State. There is no means of knowing 
about what was seni by the Democratic 
National committee. In the latterpart of 
September the Republican National com- 
mittee sent Stephen Dorsey to Indiana with 
a trunk that contained §200,000. Chair- 
man New informed Mr. Dorsey that the 
State was already practically carried, and 
that to spend this amount of money in 
Indiana, or any part of it. would be simply 
throwing so much money away. Dorsey 
was not inclined to take this rosy view of 
the situation, and New told him that if he 
wanted to stay here and spend the money 
himself he was welcome to do so. hut the 
State organization did ind need ii and he 
did not want to take the responsibility of 



accepting it. Dorsey determined to inves- 
tigate the subject himself, and for that pur- 
pose remained here nearly two weeks, at 
the end of which time he was convinced 
that New's view of the situation was cor- 
rect and returned to the East with his trunk 
and its precious contents unimpaired. The 
organization put together by the part} - in 
1880 was a revelation in politics. Chair- 
man New and Mr. Porter both held the 
same theory that what was needed to attain 
success was not some brilliant scheme or 
sudden coup, but straightforward, steady 
hard work. The organization was made 

Up Of well-selected men frohl the top down. 

The chairman selected D. S. Alexander as 
secretary of the committee, and Mr. Alex- 
ander took charge of the clerical force. 
relieving the chairman of all responsibility 
in that direction. The executive commit- 
tee was appointed for advisory purposes. 
Eachmember of theState committee served 
as chairman of his Congressional district, 
and the district committee was composed 
of the county chairmen. Each county 
chairman presided over a county committee 
composed of one man from each ward and 
township in the county. And this ward 
or township man in turn presided over a 
committee made up of representatives of 
school districts or voting precincts. A 
careful poll was taken of the State six 
months before election, and from that time 
on each precinct man kept his poll up to 
date, so that at any time he could tell the 
exact statusof his precinct. Thus the nec- 
essary sixty days' and thirty days' polls were 
taken in a day. Frequent calls for reports 
and frequent committee meetings kept these 
men thoroughly alive to their work, and 
while there were many great demonstra- 
tions addressed by the most eloquent ora- 
tors of the country, the more quiet work of 
the organization told heavily. Mr. Por- 
ter, the candidate for Governor, spoke in 
every county of the State. His meetings 
were arranged some weeks ahead and in 
every county the State chairman called a 



56 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



meeting of the county committee to be 
held on the same day as Mr. Porter's ad- 
dress. Each member of the local organi- 
zation was requested to forward at least 
a week before a list of the doubtful voters 
in the county and the reasons why they 
were doubtful. If it was a Democrat who 
was thinking of voting the Republican 
ticket or a Republican who was dis- 
gruntled, all the reasons for his state of 
mind that were known were given. Each 
of these doubtful voters received a per- 
sonal invitation to call upon Mr. Porter at 
the time of his speech in the comity and 
as may be imagined, nearly all of them 
responded to the invitation. Porter worked 
like a slave in conning over these reports 
and by a wonderful exercise of memory 
succeeded in nearly all instances in recall- 
ing the story of each man as he was intro- 
duced to him. He had a wonderful gift 
of persuasiveness in personal conversation 
and few, if any, of these doubtful voters 
went out of his presence without making 
a mental vow to support him when elec- 
tion day came around. By the. time Porter 
finished his canvass, he and Chairman 

New Were able to forecast the vote of the 

State with almost absolute accuracy. It 
was with the confidence born of thisactual 
knowledge that Chairman New informed 
Mr. Dorsey that the National committee's 
money was not needed. The result in Oc- 
tober vindicated their judgment. Porter 
was elected by nearly 7,000 votes, and the 
rest of the Republican State ticket tri- 
umphed by pluralities of 4,000 or 5,000. 
The legislature was Republican in both 
branches, having a majority of two in the 
Senate and of fourteen in the House. In 
the November election the Republicans 
carried the State by over 6,000 votes, and 
the following members of Congress were 

elected : 

Messrs. Heilnian, Brawne, Peelle, Pierce, Orth, 

Steele, Demotte ami Calkins. 

The last act of the campaign came 
when the legislature met in January and 



General Harrison was elected Senator to 
succeed Turpie. 

THE CAMPAIGN OF 1882. 

New York was not the only State in 
which patronage caused trouble for the 
new administration. The Indiana Repub- 
licans were as anxious for office as any 
and naturally the appointments made 
caused a great deal of dissatisfaction and 
it was probably this cause alone that made 
the pendulum swing backward two years 
later. 

The State convention of 1882 met in 
Indianapolis on August 9th, and adopted 
the following platform: 

The Republican party of Indiana, represented 
in delegate convention, recalls, as an incentive to 
further exertions for the public welfare, the 
achievements of the party in restoring the Na- 
tional Union; in overthrowing slavery; in securing 
the disabled soldiers and to the widows and or- 
phans of those who fell in battle, or died from 
wounds or diseases contracted in the service of the 
Union, laws providing for liberal bounties and pen- 
sions: in building up an unexampled credit upon 
the simplest foundation of an unchangeable public 
faith: in reducing the great debt necessarily in- 
curred for the suppression of the rebellion one- 
half, and the interest on the remainder to so low 
a rate thai the .National debt is no longer regarded 
as a burden; in establishing a currency equal to 
any in the world, based upon the convertibility 
of greenbacks and national bank notes into gold 
and silver at Hie option of the bidders: in increas- 
ing the value of agricultural productions and the 
wages of labor, by building up home markets on 
the policy of reasonable protection to domestic in- 
dustries; in exalting the value of our naturaliza- 
tion laws to our foreign born fellow citizens, by 
securing to American naturalization everywhere 
the full right of American citizenship; in found- 
ing American citizenship upon manhood, and not 
on complexion, and declaring that citizenship and 
the ballot shall ever go hand in hand; in maintain- 
ing and cherishing as a chief safeguard of liberty 
our system of free schools supported by a lax upon 
all properly for the education of all children; anil 
in the submission, from lime to lime, in respectful 
obedience to what has been deemed the popular 
will of amendments to the National Constitution 
of the Slate. Animated by these recollections, il 

is resolved 

1st. Thai reposing trust in the people as the 
fountain of power, we demand thai the pending 



OK THK STATE <>F INDIANA. 



.11 



amendments to the Constitution shall be agreed 
to and submitted by the next legislature to the 
voters of tin- State for their decision thereon. 
These amendments were not partisan in their ori- 
gin and are not so in character, and should nol 
be made so in voting upon them. Recognizing t If ■ 
fact that the people are divided in sentiment in 
regard to the propriety of their adoption or rejec- 
tion, and cherishing the right of private judg- 
ment, we favor the submission of these amend- 
ments at a special election, so that there may be an 
intelligent division thereon, uninfluenced by par- 
tisan issues. 

2nd. That we feel it due to the mem try of I'res 
ident Garfield to express our sense of the great 
loss suffered by the Nation in his death. We re- 
call with pride the fact that, springing from the 
humblest conditions in life. Lincoln and Garfield 
arose, step by step, without any help hut the force 
of their anilities and exertions, to the front rani; 
among Americans, and were chosen by the Repub- 
lican party to hear its banner in its struggle to 
maintain the supremacy and glory of the National 
Union. 

3rd. That the lapse of time cannot effaee from 
the grateful recollection of the Republican party its 
memory of the brave soldiers, from whatever seo- 
tiou or party ranks they may have come, who 
offered their lives in support of its policy of re- 
storing and maintaining the Union of States. 

4th. That a revenue greatly reduced in amount 
being all that is now needed to pay the interest on 
our public debt and the expenses of the Govern- 
ment, economically administered, the time has ar- 
rived for such a reduction of taxes and regula- 
tion of tariff duties as shall raise no more money 
than shall be necessary to pay such interest aud 
expenses. We then-fore approve of the efforts now 
making to adjust this reduction, so that no un- 
necessary burdens upon the consumers of import- 
ed articles may exist, and that no injury may he 
inflicted upon our domestic industries, or upon the 
industrial classes employed therein. 

5th. That we are grateful to observe that the 
laws for the protection of miners and securing 
their wages under the constant administration of 
them by Republican mine inspectors, litis done 
much for the comfort of the workers in mines, and 
that we hope to see important suggestions of the 
present inspector for amendments farther to pro 
mote their comfort adopted by the next legisla- 
ture. 

nth. That the relations between capital and 
labor should he so adjusted that the rights of 
laborers slmll he fully protected. 

7th. That the fees of all State and county offi- 
cers should be so regulated as to give a fair com- 
pensation to them, hut not so great as to tempt 
applicants to corrupt methods to obtain the same, 
or to impose unjust burdens upon the people. 



8th. That we join with our Irish fellow-citizens 
in sincere sympathy with the efforts of then- 
brethren in Ireland to break up by means of just 
legislation, the large landed estates i,, that island, 
and to introduce upon these lands, lor the general 

^ r ' "' ,l "' people, peasant proprietorship. We 

join witn them also in the hope that efforts for 
home rule in till matters of local concern will prove 

successful. 

9th. That it is the duty of Congress to adopt 
laws to secure a thorough, complete and radical 
reform of the civil service, by which the subordi- 
nate positions of the Government should no longer 
be considered rewards for their party zeal, which 
will abolish tlie evils of patronage, and establish a 
system of making honesty, efficiency and fidelity 
tlie essential qualifications for public position 

10th. That the industry, wisdom, and firmness 
of President Chester A. Arthur meets the cordial 
endorsement of the Republicans of Indiana. 

11th. That Senator Benjamin Harrison, by his 
able .-111,1 faithful discharge of duty and on account 
of his eminent abilities, challenges our admiration 
and confidence. 

12th. That Governor Albert G. Porter is a wise 
and honest executive officer, and we congratulate 
the State upon securing the services of so faithful 
a public servant. 

13th. Since tlie hist meeting of the Republican 
convention of Indiana, ex-Senator Henry S. Lane, 
one of the gifted and ever-honored founders and 
trusted leaders of the Republican party, litis de- 
parted this life, and left a void in our ranks that 
rills us with sadness. He was eloquent for the 
right, always moved by the highest impulses of 
patriotism, .and his memory is enshrined in the 
hearts of the people of this State. 

The old ticket for minor State officers 
was renominated as follows: 

Secretary of State — E. R. Hawn. 
Auditor of State— Edward II. Wolfe. 
Treasurer of State- Rosewell S. Hill. 
Attorney-General — D. P. Baldwin. 
Clerk of Supreme Court— Jonathan W. Gordon 
Superintendent of Public Instruction— John M. 
Bloss. 

The partv was allowed to go without 
new organization until the State conven- 
tion met and then- was a temporary re- 
turn to the old method of electing mem- 
bers by the delegates to the State conven- 
tion. The State committee was thus made 
up of the following members: 

First District, Henry s. Bennett, Vanderburg; 
Second District, N. 11. Jepson. Daviess; Third Ids 
trict. Madison M. Hurley, Floyd; Fourth District. 



58 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Marine l». Taokett, Decatur; Fifth District, E. F. 
Branch, Morgan; Sixth District, James M. Brown, 
Rush; Seventh District, Win. Wallace, Marion; 
Eighth District, .1. !•'. Johnston, Parke; Ninth Dis 
trict, \V. II. Hart, Clinton; Tenth District, James 
M. Watts. Carroll; Eleventh District, George I. 
Reed, Miami; Twelfth District, Walter Olds, 
Whitley; Thirteenth District, Aaron Jones, St, Jo- 
seph. .Ih]]]i Overmeyer, of Jennings county, was 
made Chairman, and D. s. Alexander, Secre- 
tary. 

The legislature that met in 1881 had 
done away with the October election, 
transfering the State election to Novem- 
ber. The legislature had also passed some 
additional temperance legislation that con- 
tributed to the difficulties of the campaign 
not a little. 

The following nominations for Congress 
were made in the various districts: 

First District, Win. Hellman; Second District, 

A. J. Hostetler; Third District, Will T. Walker; 
Fourth District, Win. .1. Johnson; Fifth District 
Samuel Wallingford; Sixth District. Thomas M. 
Browne; Seventh District, Stanton J. Peelle; 
Eighth District, It. B. F. Pierce; Ninth District. 
Godlove s. Orth; Tenth District, Marls L. DeMotte; 
Eleventh District, Ceo, W. Steele; Twelfth Dis- 
trict, W. C. Glasgow; Thirteenth District, Win. II. 
Calkins. 

The State ticket was defeated by over 
1 1 », i mi i votes, and the Congressional elec- 
tions were disastrous. The Republicans 
lost the First, Eighth and Tenth Districts, 
which they carried before, while their ma- 
jorities in the Seventh, Ninth and Eleventh 
Districts were cut down to a few hundred 
votes. In the Seventh District, including 
Indianapolis, contest was made and a 
Democratic house of representatives ousted 
Stanton J. Peele and seated Wm. E. Eng- 
lish. In the Ninth. Godlove S. Orth was 
elected and died before taking his seat, 
and a special election held in January 
gave the district to the Democrats. Titos. 

B. Ward being elected over Charles L. 
Doxey. Thus in the forty-eighth Congress 
the Republicans of Indiana had only 
three members: Messrs Browne, Steele 
and Calkins. The legislature also went 
heavilv 1 >emocratic. 



CAMPAIGN OF 1884. 

The work of the organization for the 
campaign of 18S4 was begun early, the 
district meetings for the purpose of elect- 
ing members of the State committee being 
held in February. It is in these years that 
we find tite power of the organization or 
■■machine" as a factor in shaping the 
policy and distributing the offices of the 
party at its appogee. 

Tlie following members of the State 
committee were elected by the district 
meetings: 

First District, Henry s. Bennett, Evansvllle; 
Second District, Samuel M. Reeve, Slmals; Third 
District, M. M. Hurley, New Albany; Fourth Dis- 
trlet, A. 1>. Vanosdol, Madison; Fifth District. E. 
F. Branch, Martinsville; Sixth District, -I. F. Wild 
man. Muncie; Seventh Dstrict, I>. M. Ransdell, 
Indianapolis; Eighth District, .1. l>. Early, Terre 
Haute; Ninth District, W. II. Hart. Frankfort: 
Tenth District, .1. M. Watts, Delphi; Eleventh Dis 
trict, A. F. Phillips, Kokomo; Twelfth District, W. 
I.. Penfleld, Auburn; Thirteenth District, Aaron 
Jones, South Bend. 

A week or two after their election the 
new committee met at Indianapolis to 
organize. John Overmeyer expected to 
be re-elected as chairman and had his 
speech of acceptance prepared. The com- 
mittee however appointed a sub-committee 
to confer with Hon. John C. New who 
had put together such a magnificent or- 
ganization in LS80, and asked him to 
accept the chairmanship. Mr. New ac- 
ceded to the request on condition that he 
be permitted to name his own secretary, 
as well as the auxiliary committees, and 
this condition was accepted. Overmeyer 
never got over this disappointment, though 
be accepted a place upon the executive 
committee during this campaign. He 
waited four years for bis revenge and 
then declared himself a Democrat on the 
subject of the tariff. Henry C. Bennett 
was made vice-chairman of the committee; 
L. 'I'. Michiner, Secretary: Isaac Herr 
and Henry A. Smock, assistant-secre- 
taries, and Wm. Wallace, treasurer. 



OP THE STATE OF INDIANA. 59 

The following auxiliary committees Twelfth District, Oscar A. Sim UK. All. ii. and Or- 

vvere appointed: vilIe Carvel '< Steuben: Thirteenth District, Joseph 

I>. Oliver, St. Joseph, and George Moon, Kosciusko. 

Executive Committee — John Overmver. North „,. 

Vernon; James II. .Ionian. Martinsville; Henry C. l lle btate convention was held at In- 

Adams, Indianapolis; A. C. Harris. Indianapolis: diaililpolis oil J line L 9th and the following 

Han M. Ransdell, Indianapolis. platform was adopted: 

Finance Committee — \V. R. McKeen. Terre 
Haute; Theo. P. Haughey. Indianapolis; Clem Stude. T1 "' Republicans of Indiana in State eonven- 

baker. South Bend; Wm. Heilman, Evansville; Us- tion assembled, ratify and adopi the platform ol 

oar A. Simons. Fort Wayne. ""' recent National Republican convention at Chi- 

Audiling Committee E. F. Branch. Martinsville: r ' 1 -"- as •'" comprehensive and sufficient declaration 

J. I). Early. Terre Haute: M. M. Hurley. New "'' their faith and purposes in respecl to all ques- 

Albany. lions of National scope and character, and they 

,.,, ,~ .. ... ... ,,, , ratify and approve the iiotuinacion of James 

rhe Young Mens Republican ( Lnb was G Blalne an(1 ,, (lllll A LogaD f01 . U|i . officeg of 

reorganized for the campaign with the President and Vice-President of the United States, 

following officers: rmd pledge to them the united ami earnest support 

of the Republican party of Indiana. 

President J. (). Hardesty. Indianapolis; Vice- lsl . We indorse with pride and satisfaction the 

Presidents, Francis Murphy. Vincennes; Milton |lU1 ,. .,,,,,._ dlgnifledi allll patriotic administration 

Brown, .New Castle; Quincy A. Myers, Logansport; „,- ,;,„-,.,.,„„. Alber1 ); Porter 

.1. II. State. Elkhart; Secretary, William I.. Taylor. .,,„, w „ ,,„,„. ,„, appl . opriatlon ,, v , lu . legisla . 

Indianapolis; Assistant Secretary, George C. ture for the erection of a suitable monument to thn 



I'atehell, Union City; Treasurer. II. C. Starr, Rich 



memory of the loyal and brave sous of Indiana. 



inond. Executive Committee, First District, Ge 

Ird. In the lapse of thirty-three years, by tin 



vho gave their lives to save the Republic 
A. Cunningham, Evansville; Second District. Sam- 



uel A. Chenoweth, Shoals; Third District, Will T. 
Walker. Scotrsburg; Fourth District, W. M. Cope- 
land. Madison; Fifth District. John C. Orr, Colum- 



increase of our population, ami by tin- marvelous: 
development of our material resources and the 



spread of intelligence, our State has outgrown the 
bus; Sixth District. Charles E. Shively, Richmond; ( ,, llstitmi „ n ,„• 1851 , and W1 . therefore t;lvc „. Ih „ 
Seventh District. W m. Bos.,,,, indianapjlis ; ca ii mg f a convention at an earlv dav. for the 
Eighth District, D. T. Morgan, Terre Haute; Ninth Qf fra a nrw St;m , ( ,; ilstirmi , m 

District. John T. McClure, Anderson; Tenth Dis , . . . .. 

adapted to the present circumstances ot a greal 
trict, Moses S. Coulter. Logansport; Eleventh , ... 

and crowing coiiinionwcalth. 
District. Ceo. II. C. Townseud, Bluffton; Twelftli ,., _ , , , , , ,, 

4th. W- favor such change m the law as shall 
District, W. R. Tvler. Fort Wavne; Thirteenth Dis- , , . . . 

take the Adnunistra I ion ol the Prisons ami th" 
trict, II. /.. Iluliliel. Elkhart. „ . , ,, , 

Reformatory and Benevolent Institutions ol the 

The following delegation represented State out of the domain of pany polities. 
... •,>-•, • 5th. We regard the svstem oi prison contract 

Indiana in the National convention: , |lini . ;|s a degrading ,.,„„,„ , iIiuI1 witl , , hl . labol . ,„■ 

At Large. Richard W. Thompson, Terre Haute; the honest citizen, and we favor its abolition. 
Benjamin Harrison. Indianapolis; John II. Baker 6th. We favor the enactment and enforcement 
Goshen; Morris McDonald, New Albany; First of laws for the improvement of the sanitary condi- 
Disirict. James c. Veatch, Spencer, and Francis B. tions of labor, and especially for the thorough reg- 
I'osey. Pike; Second District. George W. Reily. ulation and ventilation ot mines, under the super- 
Knox. and William R. Gardiner, Daviess; Third vision of the police authority of the State. 
District, D. M. Alspaugh, Washington, and Alberl 7th. We renew the pledge of our devotion to 
P. Charles, Jackson; Fourth District, John <>. the free, uusectarian public school, and will favor 
Cravens. Ripley, and Eugene G. Hay. Jefferson, all measures tending to increase its efficiency, and 
Fifth District, Joseph I. Irwin, Bartholomew, and especially such as will promote its usefulness as n 
W. A. Montgomery, Owen; Sixth District, Charles preparation for the practical duti< s of life. 
II. Burchenal, Wayne, ami Joshua II. Mellette. 8th. The amendment of the Constitution of the 
Henry: Seventh District. L. T. Michener, Shelby. State, which authorized and contemplated a re 
and Henry C. Adams. Marion; Eighth District, vision of the laws relating to fees and salaries 
William C. Smith. Warren, ami William Riley Mc- ought not to remain a dead letter, ami we favor 
Keen. Vigo; Ninth District, George I'.. Williams. the enactment of such laws as will place the com 
Tippi canoe, ami Am ricus ( '. 1 "ally, B ie; Tenth peusation of all public officials upon a basis of fail- 
District, Simon P. Thompson, Jasper, and George compensation for services rendered. 
W. llolman. Fulton; Eleventh District, Jam-- B 9th. Recognizing with gratitude the service of 
Kenner. Huntington, and Jonas Votaw. Jay; the Union soldiers in defeuuing the government 



60 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



against armed rebellion, we favor ;i just equaliza- 
tion and adjustment of bounties and pensions, and 
a liberal construction and application of .-ill laws 
granting pensions to honorably discharged soldiers 
if the Onion Army. 

10. We denounce the action of the Democratic 
majority in the last General Assembly in enacting 
laws of purely partisan character, whereby ex- 
perienced, competent :iu<l eminent officials were 
displaced and mere politicians appointed, to the se- 
rious injury of the Benevolent Institutions of the 
State, including those for the Deaf and Dumb, the 
limine, the Blind, the Boys' Reformatory and the 
Soldiers' Orphans' Home; and in the passage of a 
metropolitan police bill, by which, in cities of a 
certain population, tue control of municipal affairs 
is taken from the citizens concerned and placed in 
the hands of a partisan State commission. 

The following State ticket was placed 
in nomination: 

Governor— "VVm. H. Calkins. LaPorte. 

Lieutenant-Governor — Eugene Bundy. Henry. 

Secretary of State— Robert Mitchell. Gibson, 

Auditor of state — Bruce Carr, Orange 

Attorney-General — Win C. Wilson. Tippecanoe. 

Judge Supreme Court— Fifth District. Edwin P. 
Hammond, Jasper. 

Reporter Supreme Court— Wm. H. Hoggatt, 
Warrick. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction— Barnabas 
C. Hobbs, Parke. 

Unquestionably the hottest fight made 
in any State during the campaign of 1884 
was that in Indiana, it was here that 
the infamous scandal touching the private 
life of Mr. Blaine, the Republican candi- 
date for President, was sprung, and no un- 
important feature of the campaign was the 
libel suit growing out of this charge. The 
drift was still heavily against the Republi- 
cans in Indiana, and the temperance legis- 
lation of 1 88 J had even more effect in this 
campaign than it had in that of 1882. 
( !leveland carried the State by something 
over 6,000 votes in November, and the 
whole Republican ticket went down in 
defeat. Gray being elected over Calkins 
by over 7,000 votes. 

The Republicans had the following 
Congressional nominees in the field: 

First District. Win. 11. Gudgel; Second District, 
Ceo. C. Relly; Third District, .lames Keigwin; 
Fourth District, John <>. Cravens; Fifth District, 
Ceo. W. Grubbs; Sixth District. Tlios. M. Browne; 



Seventh District. Stanton .1. IVelle; Eighth Dis 
trict. .lames T. Johnston; Ninth District. Charles 
T. Doxey: Tenth D, strict. Win. D. Owen: Eleventh 
District. Geo. \V. Steele; Twelfth District. Therou 
I'. Kiator; Thirteenth District. Henry C. Thayer. 
Of these, only Messrs. Browne. Johnston, Owen 
and Steele pulled through. Johnston's majority 
was only 140; Owen's. 4S1 and Steele's, .">4. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1S86. 

Tlu- campaign of 1886 turned largely 
upon the question of the Senatorship. 
Harrison's term was about to expire, and 
it was the general understanding that if 
the Republicans should carry the legisla- 
ture he should he entitled to another term. 
The Democrats had had this Senatorial 
struggle in mind, and their legislature in 
IS85 had made a gerrymander of the State 
by redisricting it for legislative purposes, 
so that it required a tremendous Republi- 
can majority throughout the State to elect 
a Republican legislature. Another ques- 
tion that was productive of a bitter and 
desperate struggle arose later in this cam- 
paign. Malon D. Mansoit, who had been 
elected Lieutenant-Governor in 1884 by 
the Democrats, accepted a Federal ap- 
pointment under President Cleveland, and 
thereby, by the terms of the State consti- 
tution, vacated his office. This situation 
developed the fact that the constitution 
provided no means of filling the Lieutenant- 
Governor's office when it was vacated, 
unless it might be taken for granted that 
the Governor had the right to appoint 
under the general power given in the con- 
stitution to him to till the minor State 
offices by appointment until the succeed- 
ing election, but this would present the 
anomaly of giving the Governor of the 
State power to appoint the man who was 
likely to succeed to the gubernatorial chair. 
The question was presented by Governor 
Gray to Attorney-General Hord. a Demo- 
crat, and Mr. Hord rendered an opinion 
that the office should lie filled by special 
election. The Governor accordingly issued 
a proclamation and both parties nominated 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 6] 

a candidate for Lieutenant-Governor, to der Democratic auspices. The attempt of the 

be voted for at the same time the other Democratic House of Representatives to make 

... . , , . . „ .. odious pension legislation by adding a special tax 

elections were held m the fall. ,, m l(J ( . V , TV I „. |lsi(iu lm . as , m , „ 1|US declartag , lm 

The Republicans began their organiza- pensions should not be paid out of the General 

tion of the State by district conventions Treasury), the spirit and language of numerous 

held on February 1 L, at which the follow- vet, "' s " f meritorious pensions and the failure of 

.' the Democratic House to even reconsider them 

rag State committee was elected: brfore adjournmellt of Congress, reveal the con- 



First District, Goodlet Morgan, Pike; Second 



tinned enmity of the Democratic party to t lit 



District, Col. C. C. Shreeder, Dubois; Third Dis- T T nion soldier and his 

trict John Overmyer, Jennings; Fourth District, since its advent to power the old hen 

Charles I'. Jones, Franklin; Fifth District. \V. F. 

Browning, Monroe; Sixth District, J. N. Huston, 

Fayette: Seventh District. Daniel M. Ransdell, 



State sovereignty lias been rehabilitated, in the 
Southern Stat, s, where the political strength of the 
party resides, the country lias witnessed the insur- 
Marion; Eighth District. .John II. Burford, .Mont- rection „,- treason and traitors, the flaunting of the 
gomery; Ninth District. CoL .lames Tullis. Tippe- ,.,.,„,, flag .,,„, th( , defiant expressions of senti- 
canoe; Tenth District, Dr. II. E. Pattison, Pulaski; m ,, ms .,, w . u . wltn flll . int egrity of the Union. The 
Eleventh District, John 1. Dille, Huntington; flag of the United States has been lowered in honor 
Twelfth District, F. II. Barnard, Allen: Thirteenth ,„■ ., man „.,„, gained unique ,„,,.,, 11V liv ,, is desp i. 
District, L. W. Boyce, Kosciusko. This commit- ,..,,,,,, ,.,„„.,.,, ;ls ., |M]t>n< . enemy; the services and 
tee elected as its chairman Hon. J. x. Huston, a memory f men held in reverence by loyal people 
prominent banker of Connersville, and Mr. Mi- Qave been attacked in Congress by those who were 



•hem r was re-elected Secretary. 



formerly in arms against the Government; persons 



General Harrison was the leading Re- have been appointed to high offices who im\ 



publican orator in the campaign, and it 
was the hardest fought battle Indiana has 



fensively declared the National Government to be 
"a bloody usurpation of natural rights" and in 
Federal appointments preference has been given 
ever known in an off year. The Republi- to those who were most conspicuous in their ser- 
can convention met in Indianapolis in vices to the Southern Confederacy. Anxious for 
June and adopted the following platform: th '' f, ' n and '"" | i' l " t " Harmonizing of all sections 

of the Union, we can but reprobate those evidences 

The Republicans of Indiana, in convention as- Qf nostility „, „„, Iiri nciples of the government. 

sembled. invoke the dispassionate judgment of the Th(>iv ( .. m be UQ assurance „ f permanent safety 

people of the State upon the acts ami record of the ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ „,„ 

Democratic party. Sue,- ling the power in the ^^ . lw] ;|s ullit( . |Uy ,,„,,,,„,, ,,,„ (liff ,,,.,„.„ s . 

which, in past years, so seriously threatened its 
overthrow. 

In its relations with foreign governments the 
Democratic administration has conspicuously 
failed to mantain the honor and dignity of the 
Nation, and to protect the rights of American 
citizens. It has disfranchised hundreds of thou- 
sands of voters in the North, by its failure to dis- 
charge an imperious moral obligation, imposed by 
the Constitution, for the admission of Dakota into 
the Union, for the same reason that led it to ex- 
tinguish Republican majorities in the Southern 
States by fraud and violence. 

Tin' last legislature of Indiana was Democratic 
in both branches by a majority of two-thirds. 
It passed apportionment bills disfranchising nearly 

half the voters of the Slate in legislative and Coii- 

gresstional elections, thus accomplishing under 

the forms of law what it has accomplished else 
where bv I he tissue ballot and the shotgun. 



National Government by virtue of unpardonabl 
crimes against free suffrage, it has demonstrated 
its incapacity and insincerity by its failure to re- 
deem its pledges made to the people. Promising 
economy in public expenditures, the appropriations 
made by the last Congress and approved by the 
President, were of unparalleled extravagance. Its 
attempt to legislate on tariff and finance served 
only to weaken public confidence, to paralyze in- 
dustry, to check the returning tide of prosperity, 
and to interfere with the regular and orderly re- 
duction of the public debt, which was so conspic- 
uous a feature of Republican administration. 
Under its control the civil service has been de- 
graded by appointment, not only of unfit persons. 
but of convicted criminals, to posts of responsibili- 
ty and honor. It lias scandalized justice and 
decency by the methods inaugurated by the Post- 
office and other departments to distribute the 
office's to party workers, while it sought to placate 
the growing sentiment against the spoils system by- 
false pretenses. The Federal appointments made H failed to redeem its pledges to the laboring 
in Indiana are a fair sample of what has brought classes made in iis platform, promising a reduction 

the cause Of civil service reform into needless in the hours of labor on public works. Il Stab 

disfavor and made its success an impossibility mi lishment of hueaus of labor statistics, the use oi 



62 HISTOR\ OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

prison labor sn .-is n<>i to compete with free and deposited within two days prior to their inspection, 

honest labor, the prohibition of the employment of another portion appeared to have 1 n antedated, 

children undi r fourteen years of age, and the pro and part consisted of county orders long since due 

hihition of the watering of corporate stocks. All and taken in violation of law. and only .ST.Tnii ap- 

bills which were even introduced to accomplish peared in cash in the treasury. And it declined to 

any of these things were defeated by Democratic allow even an inquiry into tnese evidences of pre- 

vies. sumed credit. 

it failed to pass a hill to restrain the nianu- it has enormously increased the public debl of 

faettire and use of dynamite for the purpose id' the State, its scandalous alliance with the Liquor 

destroying life and property. League forced it to defeat a hill to permit the ef- 

it failed to amend the extravaganl fee and fects of alcohol on the human system to he studied 

salary hill: it defeated measures introduced by Re- by our children in the public schools, 

publicans to limit the excessive allowances of On this record -we ask the verdict of the people, 

count.N officers; it refused to cut down tin' enor- and also upon the following declaration of prin- 

tnoits perquisites of the Reporter of the Supreme ciples: 

Court: it refused to provide means for ascertaining The security of government rests upon an equal 
and recovering from the clerk of that court sums intelligent and honest ballot, and we renew our 
of money due from him and wrongfully withheld; declaration against crimes of fraud and violence, 
it forced upon the state, at great expense, and wherever practiced and under whatever form, 
without just cause, an extra session id' the General whereby the right of every man to oast one vote. 
Assembly; ami. although it appropriated four ami ami have that vote counted and returned, is mi- 
otic half millions id' dollars, it crippled our edit- perilled or abridged. We especially protest against 
cational institutions by insufficient allowances, and the flagrant crime of the Democratic party id' 
left unpaid just debts of the State, due to private Indiana against free suffrage in the passage of an 
citizens by refusing to pass the specific appropria- infamous gerrymander. We demand that, man 
tion hill. for man, the votes of members of all parties shall 

It failed to provide the citizens of the State be given equal force and effect, 
with the speedy justice guaranteed in the Consti- Freedom of labor is essential to the content- 
t lit ion. by defeating all measures for the relief id meiit and prosperity of the people. Workingmen 
the overcrowded condition of the docket of the should be protected against the oppression of cor 
Supreme Court. porate combinations and monopolies. We are op- 
It failed to obey the imperative mandate of the posed to the importation of contracted and ill-paid 
Constitution to enact a law providing for the regis- Labor from abroad; the unfair competition of con- 
tr'ation id' voters in the interests of free and fair vict labor with free labor: the competition of "as- 
elections. sisted" emigrants and the vicious classes of Europe 

It failed to comply with the just demands of with American workingmen; the employment of 

our colored voters for equal rights, and a bill to young children in factories and mines: and we 

secure such rights, introduced by a representative recommend to the next General Assembly the 

of the negro race, was defeated through Demo- passage of such laws as will guarantee to worlc- 

cratic opposition. ingmen the most favorable conditions for their 

It failed to honor its profession favoring civil labor especially in the proper ventilation and 

service reform, "so thai Honesty and capability safeguards for life and health in mines and fac- 

might be made tin- condition of public employ- tories— and the sure and prompt payment of wages. 

meiit." It defeated a bill for this reform intro- We favor the reduction ot the legal number 

iluced and unanimously supported by Republicans. of working hours, wherever practicable, and the 

It consigned the benevolent institutions to corrupt submission of all matters of controversy between 

and partisan boards: it surrendered the manage- the employer and the employe, under just regula- 

ment of feeble-minded children and the orphans tion. to impartial arbitration. The right of till 

of our Union soldiers to trustees and care-takers, men to associate for the promotion of their mutual 

by whom they were debauched, outraged, hand- g 1 and protection, without interfering with the 

cuffed, confined in dungeons, and maltreated under rights of others, cannot be questioned, 

circumstances of unspeakable barbarity. We favor the maintenance of the principle ,,t 

It failed to investigate the ads of the Demo- protection, under which me resources of the State 

i rati.- Treasurer of Stale after it was proved and and .Nation have been and are being developed. 

admitted that large sums of money had been lust: and whereby the wages of workingmen .are from 

that he had used the moneys of the State and re- 1 -, to :;u per cent, higher than under the revenue 

ceived interest thereon, in violation of the criminal tariff in force before the Republican party came 

statutes: and. notwithstanding the fact that the into power. Favoring the reduction and readjust 

vouchers exposed by liiui to the legislative com meiit of the tariff from lime to time as oirctim 

mittees as a part of his assets, a large portion stances may require, upon the basis of affording 

showed the money they represented to have been protection to the products and results of American 



OP THE STATE OF INDIANA. 63 

skill 11 ml industry, in our opiuiou the duties should justly condemned by intelligent ami patriotic 

be reduced as low as will he- allowed by a wise ob- labor everywhere. 

servance of the necessity to protect thai portion Lapse of time does uot weaken the gratitude 

of our manufactures and labor whose prosperity due the soldiers and sailors of the Union. We 

is essential to our National safety and independ- favor such changes in the pension laws as will 

ence. We, at the same time, c lemn the declara- make proof of enlistment conclusive evidence of 

t i«'it of the Democratic party of Indiana in favor of the physical soundness of the applicant, that will 

practical free trade as a menace to the prosperity eqalize allowances, and will simplify their methods 

of the stale ami to the welfare ami advance in by which jusl claims can be adjudicated in tin 

of workingmen. Pension Office. We favor the granting of a pen- 

The wisdom and honesty of the Republican sion to every honorably discharged Union soldier 

party secured sound money to the people. Gold and sailor suffering front unavoidable disability. 

and silver should be maintained in friendly relation The legislature should make a liberal appropria- 

in the coin circulati if the country, and all cir- tion for the erection of a soldiers' ami sailors' uion- 

culating medium coin and paper alike should be ument at the capital of the state. We favor the 

kept of equal ami permanent value. The surplus granting of pensions to the survivors of the Mexi- 

in the treasury should be steadily applied to the can war who are imi laboring under political dis- 

redUCtion of the National debt. ability. We lavor the separation of the Soldiers 

We favor a thorough ami honesi enforcemenl Orphars' Home from the Home for Feebleminded 

of the civil service law. and the extension of its Children. 

principles to the State administration wherever ii We renew the pledge of our devotion to the 

can be made practicable, to the end that the cor- f ree , unseetarian school system, and favor meas- 

ruption ami Ham-ant abuses that exist in the man- ,„, s tending to increase its practical value to the 

agemenl of our public institutions may be done people. We are opposed to any movement, how- 

away with, and they lie liberated from partisan , v , .,. insidious, whether local or Stale, whereby a 

control. J ;[ sacred fund may be diverted frmu its legitimate 

The Republican party carries into effect the use. or the administration of the schools made less 

homestead policy, under which the Western States impartial or efficient. 

and Territories have been made populous and The amendment to the Constitution of the State 

prosperous. We tavor the reservation of public providing for the equalization of fees and salaries 

lands for small holdings by actual settlers, and ought not to remain a dead letter, ami we favor 

are opposed to the acquisition of large tracts of the enactment of a just law for the compensation 

the public domain by corporations and nonresident of all public officials. 

aliens. American lands should be preserved for \ Vl . ,. mir ,.„. pending constitutional amend 

American settlers. ,,,,,„, ma kiug the terms of county officers four 

The watering of corporate stock should be years, and striking out the word "white" from 

prevented by law. Railway ami other public cor- section 1. article 12 of the Constitution, so that 

porations should be subjected to the control of the colored men may become a pari of the regular 

people, through the legislative power that created militia force for the defense of the State. 

them, ami their umlue influence in legislation and Tll( . attempted domination by the Liquor 

in courts should be summarily prevented. We League of political parties and legislation is a 

favor the creation of a bureau of labor statistics, menace to free institutions which must be met and 

whereby the interests of both labor and capital defeated. The traffic in intoxicating liquors has 

may be protected and the welfare of the State pro- always been under legislative restraint; and. be- 

moted. lieviug that the evils resulting therefrom should 

The constitutional provision, that all taxation be rigidly repressed, we favor such laws as will 

shall 1 [ual and uniform, should be made effect- permit the people in their several localities to 

ive by such revision of the assessment and laxa- invoke such measures of restriction as they may 

lion laws as will remedy the injustice whereby deem wise, and to compel the traffic to compensate 

certain localities have been made to bear nunc for the burdens il imposes on society and relieve 

than their due share of the public burdens. the oppression of local taxation. 

The strict ami impartial enforcement of law The party of freedom to all. irrespective of ac- 

is the only safeguard oi society: and we demand of cidents of birth or condition, the Republican party 

Stale and local authorities the vigorous execution welcomes every advance of the people to a higher 

of legal penalties against all criminals. We con- standard of political rights. The peaceful revolu- 

gratulate the people upon the unanimous opposi- tion in Great Britain, whereby Ireland is sure to 

lion of all classes to the imported crime of an- receive the benefits of local self-government after 

arehism, which is the enemy of social order and centuries of oppression, has our sympathy, and 

an attack upon the safely of life and property. It should command every proper and legitimate as- 

is the special foe of honorable workingmen and is sistance. 



(i4 



HISTORY OF THE KEPUBLICAK PART'S 



Hon. Benjamin Harrison, I nited States Sena- 
tor from Indiana, has worthily won a front rank 
among the trusted and honored statesmen of the 
Nation, and by his signal abilities and devotion to 
the highest public interests, has brought credit 
ui»m the state and country. His course in the 
Senate of the United states meets with our wann- 
est approval, ami we commend him to the esteem 
ami confidence of all the people. The Republican 
Representatives in the lower house of Congress 
also deserve the thanks oi the Republicans of the 

State for their faithful ami honorable service. 

In common with the Nation, we deeply inoiirn 
the death of I'lysses S. Grant, whoso deeds for 
war and in peace sacured for him the grateful ad- 
miration of his country and the honor of the world. 
We favor tin 1 appropriation by Congress of such an 
amount as may he necessary to erect, in the city 
of Washington, a monument befitting the mili- 
tary achievements and civic virtues of one who 
shed imperishable luster upon the American name 
and character. Coupled with our great chieftain 
and leader in the country's history is the name of 
one of Indiana's most illustrious citizens, Hon. 
Schuyler S. Colfax. His death is sincerely lament 
ed and his memory should be appropriately hon- 
ored. 



Tit.' f< 



twins 



ticket was nominated: 



Lieutenant Governor — Robert s. Robertson. 
Allen. 

Secretary of State — Charles F. Griffin, Lake. 

Auditor of State — Bruce Carr, Orange. 

Treasurer of State — Julius A. Lemcke. Vander- 
burg. 

Attorney-General — Louie T. Michenor, Shelby. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction — Harvey M. 
LaFollette, Boone. 

Judge of Supreme Court— Byron K. Elliott, Mar 
ion. 

< 'lerk of Supreme ( 'ourt—Wm. T. Noble. Wayne. 

The following nominations were made 
t'nr Congress in the various districts: 

First District, Alvin P. Hovey; Second District, 
Martin s. Ragsdale; Third Iiistrict, James Keig- 
win; Fourth District, Thomas .1. Lucas; Fifth Dis- 
trict, Ira J. Chase: Sixth District. Thos. M. 
Browne; Seventh District, Addison C. Harris; 
Eighth District, .lames T. Johnston; Ninth Dis- 
trict. Joseph B. Cheadle; Tenth District. Wm. B. 
owen; Eleventh District, George W. Steele; 
Tw. 11 1 h District, .lames P.. White; Thirteenth Dis- 
trict. Jasper Packard. 

This year the Young Men's Club or- 
ganization was changed and put into a 
form that lias made it an active and valua- 
ble factor in the Republican campaigns in 



Indiana ever since. W. L. Taylor had 
been secretary of the organization in 1884, 
and W. H. Smith, the Indiana correspond- 
ent of the Commercial (l<(zeit< j , had been 
actively interested in the work. These 
two men got together and mapped out a 
form of organization that should he uni- 
form throughout the State, and that 
should take up ami follow the work of 
organizing new clubs. They determined 
to call it the Lincoln League of Indiana, 
and to have an annual meeting upon 
Lincoln's birthday, when the officers 
should be elected, with a manager for 
each district. The plan was to have the 
chili organization auxiliary to and a part 
of the regular party organization, not 
only in the State, but in every county. 
Hon. J. X. Huston was made president of 
the league and W. L. Taylor secretary, 
with Mr. Smith as his assistant secretary, 
and so actively was the work of organiza- 
tion pursued that by the end of the cam- 
paign there were over 1,000 clubs connected 
with the organization, showing a total 
membership of over 75,000. 

T<> understand the Republican victory 
of 1886 there must be some appreciation 
of the enormous discontent caused among 
the Indiana Democrats by the civil service 
policy of President Cleveland. So high 
had the feeling run in lss4 that it is 
a common tradition that the Democrats of 
Indiana "got drunk" for seven consecu- 
tive days in celebration of the Cleveland 
victory, while the Republicans were so 
downcast that it took them an equal 
length of time to drown their sorrow. 
The fight of lss-t had been so close and 
hard in Indiana that when the Democrats 
finally realized that they had won the 
first national victory since the war. more 
than half the rank and hie of the party 
confidently expected to be rewarded with 
some sort of Federal appointment, and 
when President Cleveland talked in plati- 
tudes about civil service reform and that 
sort of thing their disgust was deep and 



OP THK STATK OF INDIANA. 



intense. But even with this state of 
affairs the Republican State ticket pulled 
through by a very narrow majority of a 
little over 3,000 votes. The legislature, 
upon which the great fight had centered, 
proved a tie. The Republicans succeeded 
in carrying seven of the thirteen Congres- 
sional districts, electing Messrs. Hovey, 
Browne, Johnson. Cheadle, < hvcn, Steele 
and White. Mr. White was elected in 
the Twelfth district, and was the only 
man thus far that ever carried the district 
in its present shape. 

The succeeding session of the legisla- 
ture was the most exciting that Indiana 
has ever had. The Senate was Democratic 
and declined to recognize the validity of 
the election of a Lieutenant-Governor. 
Robertson attempted to take his seat, hut 
was ousted by force, declining to meet 
force with force, although the Republicans, 
as well as the Democrats, had gathered 
large numbers of retainers in the corri- 
dors of the State House. Robertson saw 
that an attempt to retain his position 
would mean riot, bloodshed and the dis- 
grace of the State, and he had sufficient 
moral courage to stand the hitter taunts 
of members of his own party who accused 
him of ••showing the white feather." in 
order to save the good name of the State. 
The Democrats had elected as President 
of the Senate pro fent Alonzo Green 
Smith, of Jennings county, who led the 
Democrats in the forceful ejection of 
Robertson. Turpie was the Democratic 
nominee for the Senatorship. 

The first vote given in each House on 
January is. resulted as follows: 

Senate. Benjamin Harrison 18 

Senate. David Turpie 32 

House. Benjamin Harrison 53 

House. David Turpie 43 

Jason II. Allen. (Labor) 4 

Then came the joint convention of the 
two Houses presided over by Mr. Smith 
of the Senate and the Speaker of the 
House. Tile vote for fifteen ha Hots showed 

no election, though Turpie usually received 



seventy-five votes and Harrison seventy- 
one, while seventy-six were necessary to a 
choice. On the sixteenth ballot, however. 
the four Labor vote- were cast tor Turpie 
and the President of the Senate declared 
him elected, while the Speaker of the House 
declared that there was no election. Gov- 
ernor Gray, however, made out a commis- 
sion for Turpie and he was seated by tin- 
United States Senate. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1888. 

The campaign of 1888 was in many 
respects the most memorable the Republi- 
cans of Indiana had known since their 
organization. During the preceding year, 
Walter Q. Gresbam as a judge of the Fed- 
eral court had rendered a decision in favor 
of the employes of the I. B. & W. railroad 
that had started in his behalf a Presiden- 
tial boom. Gresham had already been 
Postmaster-General in Arthur's cabinet 
and he ami General Harrison were the 
most distinguished among the Indiana Ee- 
publicans, though Harrison was unques- 
tionably the leader of the organization. 
The Presidential campaign began with the 
election of the State committee when the 
party throughout the State was at once 
divided into two hostile Harrison and 
Gresham camps. The district <•< >nventi< ins 
for the selection of delegates to the Na- 
tional convention and members of the 
State committee were held in February 
and the contests were tierce. John C. New- 
conducted the fight for General Harrison 
and Charles W. Fairbanks was the most 
prominent leader of the (Tresham element. 
The Harrison people won in a preliminary 
contest and the following delegation to 
Chicago was elected: 

Delegates at Large. Allien <;. Porter, Marion: 
It. W. Thompson, Vigo; .lames X. Huston. Fayette; 
i lei]] Studebaker, St. Joseph. Alternates at Large, 
Stanton .1. Peelle, Marion; M. M. Hurley, Floyd; 
H. <;. Thayer. Marshall: John 1". Carr. Whit.-. 
District Delegates, First District, John B. Coefe 
rum. Warrick; Arthur r. Twinrham. Gibson; Sec- 
ond District, s. X. Chambers, Knox; Joseph Gard- 
ner, Lawrence: Third District. John Overmyer, 



66 



HISTORY (>K THK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Jennings; W. N. McDonald. Jackson; Fourth Dis- 
trict, M. I>. Tockett, Decatur; \V. II. Clark, Ohio: 
Fifth District, John V. Hadley, Hendricks; W. L. 
I Minl;ii>. Johnson; Sixth District, \Y. A. Cullen, 
Rush; John F. Wildman, Delaware; Seventh Dis- 
trict, E. \V. Halford. Marion; It. A. Black, Han- 
cock; Eighth District, -I. I'. Early, Vigo; R. N. 
Nixon. Vermillion; Ninth District, Boone; N. I. 
Throckmorton, Tippecanoe; Tenth District, E C. 
Field, Lake; A. K. Sills. White; Eleventh Dis- 
trict, A. c. Bearss, Miami; Hezekiab Caldwell, 
Wabash; Twelfth District. James s. Drake, La- 
grange; W. H. Knisely, Whitley; Thirteenth His 
trict, .1. "\V. Crumpacker, Laporte; M. W. Simons. 
Marshall. District Alternates, First District, .1. 
R. Sulzer, Perry; W. T. Mason. Spencer; Second 
District, -I. C. Bellheimer, Daviess; M. C. Taylor, 
Greene; Third Dictrict, -I. A. Kemp, Washington; 
Geo. B. Cordwill, Floyd: Fourth District, Dr. W. 
P. Forshea, Jefferson: Alfred Shaw. Switzerland; 
Filth District, C. S. Hammond, Putnam; .1. G. 
McPheeters. Monroe : Sixth District. C. M. Rock, 
Henry; Rev. .1. M. Townsend, Wayne; Seventh 
District. Iv B. Wingate, Shelby; Hen. D. Bagby, 
.Marion frigbth District. Simon Daniels. \ t.j A. 
S. Peacock, Fountain; Ninth District. II. S. Travis. 
Benton: D. W. Paul, Madison; Tenth District. M. I.. 
DeMotte, Porter; -1. A. Hatch, Newton: Eleventh 
District. I., c. Davenport, Wells: Leopold Levy. 
Dubois; Twelfth District. John M. Somers, De- 
Kalii: Hiram Iddings, Noble; Thirteenth District. 
Dr. A. II. Henderson. Starke: J. H. Cisney, Kos- 
ciusko. 

The following were elected members of 
the State committee: 

First District, Frank P.. Posey, Pike; Second 
District, T. II. Adams. Knox: Third District. M. 
M. Hurley. Floyd: Fourth District. M. R. Sulzer. 
Jefferson; Fifth District, .1. 1. Irwin, Bartholomew; 
Sixth District, I.. D. Stubbs. Wayne; Seventh Dis- 
trict. D. M, Ransdell. .Marion: Eighth District. 
John H. Burford, Montgomery; .Ninth District, .1. 

A. Swoveland, Tipton; Tenth District, F. D. Crum- 
packer, Porter; Eleventh District, John I. Dille, 
Huntington; Twelfth District, Wm. Bunyan, No- 
ble; Thirteenth District, I.. W. Royse, Kosciusko. 
Mr. Huston was re-elected Chairman; P. M. 
Ransdell, Vice-Chairman; John I. Dille. Secretary, 
and Wm. Wallace, Treasurer. The Executive 
Committee was composed of L. T. Michener. John 

B. Elani. Win. II. Hart. W. N. McDonald and F. 
M. Millikan. The Finance Committee was com- 
posed of Stanton J. Peelle, N. S. Byram, W. R. Mr- 
Keen, J. it. Jackson and Hiram Iddings. 

After a long struggle at Chicago, in 
June, General Harrison was nominated. 
Ami while his nomination unquestionably 
strengthened the party in Indiana, the 
unfortunate rivalry of Judge Gresham 



also had its effect. While Mr. Fairbanks 
and other leaders of the Gresham wing 
took oft their coats and diil valiant work 
for Harrison, yet the ante-convention 
struggle had been so close and bitter that 
many of the ( rresham following in Indiana 
could not he reconciled. 

The State convention met in Indiana - 
polis on August s . and adopted the follow- 
ing platform : 

With grateful pride, the Republicans of Indi- 
ana indorse and ratify the action of the National 
convention, held in Chicago in June last. Affirm- 
ing allegiance to the policy and principles of the 
Republican party, we pledge to the nominees for 
President and Vice-President a united and success- 
ful support. The electoral votes of Indiana will 
he given for Harrison and Morton. In commend- 
ing Benjamin Harrison to the people of the United 
States, we repeat the words in which the State 
presented him as a candidate for nomination: "A 
Republican without equivocation, always in the 
fore front of every contest, devoted to the princi- 
ples of the party with which he hits been identi- 
fied since its organization, prominent and zealous 
in all its campaigns, wise and trusted in its coun- 
cils, serving with honorable distinction in the 
military ami civil service of the Government, of 
great ability, long and distinguished public lite, of 
high character and unblemished reputation." 

The National platform expresses the faith of 
the party upon National questions. For the Re- 
publicans of Indiana, we declare— 

Crimes against an equal ballot and equal rep- 
resentation arc destructive of free government. 
The iniquitous and unfair apportionment, for con- 
gressional and legislative purposes, made at the 
behest of the Liquor League of Indiana, followed 
by conspiracy, and forgery upon the election re- 
turns of 1886, in Marion county, for which a num- 
ber of prominent Democratic party leaders were 
indicted and tried, two of whom are now suffering 
the deserved penalty of their acts, demands the 
rebuke of every patriotic citizen. The gerrymander, 
by which more than half of the people of the State 
are shorn of their just rights, must be repealed, 
and constitutional apportionments made whereby 
the votes of members of all political parties will 
be given equal force and effect. We believe equal 
political rights to be the only basis of a truly 
Democratic and Republican form of government. 

The action id' the Democrats in the last Gener- 
al Assembly was revolutionary and criminal. The 
will of the people, expressed in a peaceable and 
lawful election, advised and participated in by 
the Democratic party, was set at defiance, and the 
Constitution and laws, as expounded by the Su- 
preme Court of the state, disregarded and nullified. 
Public and private rights were subverted and 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. »;7 

destroyed, and tue Capitol of Indiana disgraced homestead, in addition to the personal property 

with violence and brutality. The alleged election now exempted from execution by law. 
.if a United Suites Senator was accomplished by Fees and salaries should be equalized under 

fraud and force, by highhanded usurpation of the constitutional amendmenl adopted by so large 

power, the overthrow of constitutional and legal a majority for thai iiuriM.se. and a law for the 

forms, the setting aside of the results of a popu- equitable compensation of public officials should 

lar election, and the theft of the prerogatives of be promptly enacted. The methods of county and 

duly elected and qualified members of the legisla- township business should 1 :onomized and sini- 

ture. That stolen senatorship is part of the Demo- plified. 

cratic administration at Washington, now in The amendments to the Slate Constitution, 

power by virtue of public crimes and the nullifica- making the terms of county officers four years, 

lion of constitutions and laws. and striking out the word "white" from Section 1. 

The sworn revelations of corruption, scoundrel- Article 12. so thai colored men may become pari 

ism. and outrage in the eonduet of the penal and of the regular militia force for the defense of the 

benevolent institutions of the State, made before State, should be renewed. 

investigating committees of the last legislature, Railway and other corporations should be sub- 
and confessed by the actions of a Democratic Gov- ject to control through the legislative power thai 
eruor and Democratic legislators, enforce the de- created them; their undue influence in legislation 
mand of an enlightened public sentiment that these and courts and the imposition of unnecessary 
great and sacred trusts be forever removed front burdens upon the people, through illegitimate in- 
partisan control. We favor placing all public crease of stock or capital, should he summarily 
institutions under a wisely conceived ami honest- prevented. 
lv administered civil service law. The free unsectarian public school system must 



Labor is the foundation of the State. It must 



he protected against inipairm. nt or abridgment 



,, ., , . .„„. . , ,,,;,, i, ,,,,,. from any cause. The constitutional provision for 
he tree, well paid and intelligent to remain h.uioi- 

a . -0111111011 school education of the children of all 



able, prosperous ami dignified. In the Interests 
labor we favor the establishment ami permanent 



the people ShOUld he given the wi.lesl possible 



, .... ,,;,;. to scope. The Slate Normal School for the training 

maintenance ot a huerau ot labor statistics. We ' 

of teachers for the common schools should be re- 
built, and tile school fund of the Slate released 
from restrictions that keep il out of the hands of 
the people. 

Polities and legislation must be kept free from 
the influence of the saloon. The liquor traffic liiusl 
obey the law. We favor legislation upon the prill 
ciple of local option, whereby the various commun- 
ities throughout the State may. as they deem best, 
either control or suppress the traffic iii intoxicating 
liquors. 

The gratitude of a patriotic people to the de- 
fenders of the Union .annoi be measured by 
money. They will not consent that any Union 
soldier or sailor, or his widow or orphans, shall 
be impoverished or embarrassed because ..t the 
refusal of liberal provision by the Government, or 
by technical requirements of law or administra- 
tion in securing recognition of their .just claims. 
Proof of an honorable discharge, or of an existing 

men and their employers. The right ot wage- ,.,.,. , . , , , ,,,,,>«;,,, 

1 , disability ought and must be deemed sufficient 



favor the passage and strict enforcement of laws 
which will absolutely prevent the competition of 
imported, servile, convict or contract labor, of all 
kinds, with free labor: prohibit the employment of 
young children in mines and factories; guarantee 
to workiugmen the most favorable conditions for 
their service, especially proper safeguards for life 
and comfort in mines and factories, on railways. 
and in all hazardous occupations, to secure which 
the duties and powers of the State -Mine Inspector 
should he enlarged, and provisions made whereby 
only skilled and competent men can be placed in 
positions where they may be in control of the lives 
and safety of others; enforce the certain and fre- 
quent payment of wages: abridge the hours of 
labor wherever practicable, and provide for the 
submission to just and impartial arbitration, 
under regulations that will make the arbitration 
effective, of all controversies between working- 



workers to organize for legitimate promotion of 
their mutual good cannot be questioned 



bowing to warrant the award of a pension. 

We congratulate the people of the State upon 

A just and equal enforcement of the law is the tm , j lllli( .., ti(ms ,, r :1 prosperity thai is being main- 
only sure defense of the rights of the people. It ta j nea - despite all adverse influences. The rapid 
is the highest duty of the State and local govern- utilization of natural gas has greatly stimulated 
incuts to administer all laws for the protection of , 1|c , ill(lusn .j :l i interests of the commonwealth, and 
life and property, and the abdication of this fun.- rendered more essential the continuance of thai 
lion to private and personal agencies is dangerous 1>nl]]lllllil . system under which our marvelous ad- 
to the public peace and subversive of proper re- vaucen.ciit lias been made. State legislation 
sped for legal authority. should be directed toward the reclamation of un 

We favor such legislation as will secure to tillable lands and the development of our resources 
every head of a family in Indiana a comfortable of every kind. 



HISTORY OF THK KKIM'BI.H'AN I'AIM'V 



Democratic Mlibustering in the House of Rep- 
resentatives prevented the return to the Treasury 
of the State of Indiana of the sum of $904,875.33, 
the Justice of which claim against the General 
Government has been officially acknowledged and 
iis repayment provided for. Like hostile Demo- 
cratic action lias also prevented the return to our 
Stale treasury of $606,979.41 discount and interest 
on war-claim bonds rendered necessary to equip 
and maintain the volunteer soldiers who went mil 
under the first call for troops in 1861. More than 
a million and a half of dollars justly due the State 
are thus withheld, in the presence of an increasing 
Federal surplus, and of a practically bankrupt 
state treasury, caused by the incompetence of 
Democratic State administration. 

The services of our Republican members of the 
National House of Representatives meet our un- 
qualified approval. They have been alert to pro- 
tect the interests of the State and their respective 
constituents. The location of a branch of the Na- 
tional Soldiers' Home, and the prospective estab- 
lishment of a marine hospital, within the borders 
of our State, are causes for special congratulation. 

Under this declaration of facts and principles, 
the Republicans of Indiana Invite the co-operation 
of all citizens, irrespective of past political faith 
or action. 

The following State ticket was put in 
the Held: 

Governor — Alvin P. Hovey. 

Lieutenant-Governor— Ira, J. Chase. 

Secretary of State- Charles F. Griffin. 

Auditor of State— Bruce Carr. 

Treasurer of state — J. A. Lemcke. 

Attorney-General — Louis T. Michener. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction — H. M. 
LaFollette. 

Reporter of the Supreme Court— John I,. Griffiths. 

The nominees for Congress in the var- 
ious districts were as follows: 

First District. Frank B. Posey; Second His 
trict, Thomas N. Braxton; Third District, Stephen 
li. Sayles; Fourth District. Mauley D. Wilson; 
Fifth District. Henry C. Duncan; Sixth District, 
Thomas M. Browne; Seventh District. Thomas F. 
Chandler; Eighth District. .lames T. Johnston; 
Ninth District. Joseph B. Cheadle; Tenth District. 
Win. D Owen; Eleventh District. Ceo. W. Steele; 
Twelfth District, .lames B. White; Thirteenth Dis- 
trict. Wm. Haynes. 

A tremendous amount of energy was 
put into the campaign. The organization 

was closer than it had ever been before, 
ami there was not a school district in the 
State that did not have a number of cam- 
paign rallies during the autumn, while 



some of the demonstrations in the larger 
cities were simply enormous. From almost 
the beginning of the campaign General 
Harrison was kept busy day after day 
receiving delegations, sometimes contain- 
ing thousands of men. from all over the 
country that made Indianapolis their 
Mecca, and his short speeches delivered 
upon receiving them were the most effect- 
ive arguments the Republicans had. not 
only in Indiana hut throughout the conn- 
try. Harrison carried the State by a 
plurality of 2,331 votes out of more than 
half a million votes cast, and pulled the 
State ticket through with him. though the 
legislature on account of the gerrymander 
remained Democratic. The following Re- 
publican members were elected to Con- 
gress : 

Browne in the Sixth District; Cheadle 
in the Ninth and Owen in the Tenth. The 
presiding legislature had so gerryman- 
dered the State for Congressional purposes 
that though the Republicans carried Indi- 
ana by a clear majority, they were able to 
elect but three of the eleven members of 
Congress. In January a special election 
was held in the First District to fill out 
tlie unexpired term of General Hovey. 
who had resigned to accept the Governor- 
ship, and for this short term Mr. Posey 
was elected over the man who had defeated 
him in November, with nearly 1,000 votes 
to spare. In the November election he 
had been defeated by only twenty votes. 

During this campaign the club organi- 
zation of the State attained a very high 
degree of efficiency under the new Lin- 
coln League managed by the following 
i ifficers : 

President— W. L. Taylor, Indianapolis. 

Secretary — W. H. Smith. Indianapolis. 

Treasurer — N. S. By rani, Indianapolis. 

Executive Committee — W. R. McKeen. Terre 
Haute; A. R. Shroyer, Logansport; Gen. John Co- 
burn. Indianapolis; A. C. Daily. Lebanon; Jesse J. 
Brown. Nrw Albany. 

District Managers — First, Walter S. Viele, 
Evansville; second. W. R. Gardiner, Washington; 
third, George B. Card will. New Albany; fourth, 



()K THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



Albert Davis. Liberty: fifth. W. R. McClelland. Dan- 
ville: sixth. David Paul Liebhardt. Milton; seventh. 
M. A. Chipman, Anderson; eighth. Nick Filbeck. 
Terre Haute: ninth. C. C. Shirley. Kokomo; tenth. 
M. F. Chilcote, Rensselaer: eleventh. Win S Sil- 
vers, Bluffton: twelfth. H. C. Hanna. Ft. Wayne; 
L. W. Royse, Warsaw. 

Vice Presidents — First. Frank B. Posey. Peters- 
burg: second. T. H. Adams, Vincennes; third. M. M. 
Hurley. New Albany: fourth. M. R. Sulzer, Madi- 
son; fifth. J. I. Irwin. Columbus: sixth. L. D. Stubbs, 
Richmond; seventh. D. M. Ransdell. Indianapolis; 
eighth, J H. Burford. Crawfordsville; ninth. J. A. 
Swoveland, Tipton; tenth, E. D. Crumpacker, Val- 
paraiso; eleventh, J. I. Dille. Huntington; twelfth 
Win. Bunyan, Kendallville: thirteenth. L. W. Royse. 
Warsaw. ' 

CAMPAIGN OF 1890. 

Like the Democrats after the 1884 cam- 
paign, the Indiana Republicans after the 
success of 1888 all expected office, anil 
most of the leaders got it. So great in 
fact was the exodus of Republicans from 
the State to till Federal offices that the 
campaign of 1S90 fell largely into the 
hands of a new generation of leaders. 
While the Democratic legislature of 1889 
afforded a good deal of ground for criti- 
cism it nevertheless introduced two great 
reforms: One in the shape of a uniform 
system of school books and the other, and 
by far the more important, in the intro- 
duction of the Australian ballot system 
for voting. Corruption in elections had 
become almost universal, and while Indi- 
ana was no worse than some other States, 
it was no better than the worst of them in 
the matter of election frauds and buying 
votes, a fact due in a large measure to 
the equal division of parties in the State 
that made every election doubtful until 
the votes were counted out. Then the 
famous tally sheet frauds of 1888 that 
sent Simeon Coy to the penitentiary had 
aroused public indignation, and there was 
a general clamor for a law that would 
produce something like purity in elections. 
Thus when the legislature enacted the 
Australian ballot law. even its political 
opponents acknowledged it had done a 
erood thins:, but State issues did not cut a 



very large figure in the campaign of l 890, 
though it was an "off year." The He- 
publican Congress h;,d passed the McKin- 
ley tariff bill and the readjustment of 
prices following gave every opportunity 
to misrepresent its effects. Democratic 
and self-declared independent newspapers 
were full of the terrors of the McKinley 
tariff. Then Congress had under consid- 
eration a measure for the supervision of 
elections by United States officers, and 
this bill was denounced far and wide as a 
new "force bill." designed for the pur- 
pose of centralizing in the Federal Gov- 
ernment the entire control of elections. 
Another powerful factor just at this time 
was the widespread agrarian agitation. 
The old farmers' organization known as 
the Grange had given way to a new secret 
order known as the Farmers* Alliance 
which had spread like wild-fire throughout 
the West and South. Lodges had been 
organized all through Indiana, and there 
was a great deal of mystification upon the 
part of the people as to the purpose of the 
organization, which contained among its 
leaders enthusiasts who believed that they 
could revolutionize the laws of trade, and 
control the politics of the country. 

The Republicans held their organiza- 
tion meetings in February and elected the 
following members of the State committee: 

First District. A. P. Twineham, Princeton; Sir- 
ond District. T. H. Adams. Vincennes; Third Dis- 
trict, S. E. Carter. Seymour: Fourth District. M. 
R. Sulzer, Madison: Fifth District. < '. S. Hammond. 
Greencastle; Sixth District. .1. W. Maey, Winches 
ter: Seventh District. W. T. Durbin. Anderson: 
Eighth District. W. T. Brush, Crawfordsville: 
Ninth District. C. C. Shirley. Kokomo; Tenth Dis- 
trict. E. D. Crumpacker, Valparaiso; Eleventh 
District. Wm. Ha/.eii. Wabash: Twelfth District. 
Wm. Bunyan, Kendallville; Thirteenth District. 
Win. D. Frazer. Warsaw. 

The committee organized by the elec- 
tion of the following officers: 

I.. T. Michoner. Chairman; M. Ii. Sulzer, Vice- 
chairman: Frank M. MilliUan. Secretary: Horace 
.McKay. Treasurer: R. E. Mansfield, Ass't Sec'y. 
Chairman Michener appointed tin' following exe- 
cutive committee: Stanton .1. Peelle, Indianapolis; 



HISTORY <>K THK RK1TBUCAN PARTY 



.1. K. Gowdy, Rushville; E. II. Nebeker, Coving- 
ton; .1. B. Soman, Danville; W. N. Harding, In- 
dianapolis. 

The State convention met at Indianap- 
olis, September 1". and adopted the follow- 
ing platform: 

The Republican party of Indiana congratulate 

the i pie of the State upon the fact that, since we 

last were assembled on a like occasion, the State 
has \\rr ti honored for the first time in its history 
by tlir elevation of one of its citizens to tin- posi- 
tion of Chief Executive of the Nation. 

We indorse the administration of Benjamin 
Harrison, ami the able statesmen selected as his 
co-laborers and advisers, as being wise, vigorous, 
and patriotic. He has kept the pledges made to 
the people, ami has carefully guarded and zealous- 
ly promoted their welfare, and elevated the condi- 
tion of tho public service. 

We heartily approve tin- action of the Repub- 
licans in Congress. Under the brilliant and fear- 
less leadership of Thomas B. Reed they have again 
proved that the Liepublican party ran he relied 
upon to meet ami solve great public questions, and 
have once more demonstrated its capacity for in- 
telligent and patriotic government. Important 
treaties concluded and pending, liberal pension 
laws, the revision of the system of impost duties. 
provision for the certain and impartial collection 
thereof, laws authorizing states to deal with ar- 
ticles deemed harmful, legislation to secure pure 
food to our people, and removing all objections to 
the products of our farms in foreign markets, pro- 
visions for increasing the volume of a sound cur- 
rency, laws designed to make elections fair and 
pure legislation tor the protection of railroad em- 
ployes, laws against trusts and monopolies, to 
suppress lotteries, to prohibit convict labor on pub- 
lic works, to prohibit importation of foreign labor- 
ers under contract, for the protection of miners, 
to endow colleges of agriculture and the mechanic 
arts, and statutes adding six stars to the Hag of 
the Union, each representing a commonwealth 
already great and populous, constitute work com- 
pleted or well advanced, which, in character and 
value, has rarely been equaled in any single session 
of i Congress. 

Familiar with the history of the last thirty 
years, the people need scarcely be reminded that 
all this useful legislation has met Democratic op- 
position, prolonged, bitter and determined. With 
singular persistence the representatives of that 
party have Bung themselves under the wheels of 
tl"- e;ir of progress and the ears of the people 
have been tilled with their outcries. Charged with 
uigli public duties, they have vehemently insisted 

that they were u,,i present in the halls of legisla- 
tion except lor the purpose of receiving their sal- 



aries and obstructing public business. We con- 
demn their conduct as unworthy of the representa- 
tives of a people whose government is founded on 
the rigid of the majority to rule, and as hostile to 
the laborer, the mechanic, the soldier, the farmer, 
and the manufacturer, all of whose interests are 
directly involved in the legislation they have so 
violently opposed. 

We reaffirm our belief in the Republican doc- 
trine of protection to American industries. Home 
markets, with millions of consumers engaged in 
varied industries, are the best in the world, and 
for many perishable articles the only ones acces- 
sible. American markets should be first for our 
own citizens, and to this end we favor levying im- 
port duties upon products of other nations, often 
the result of degraded labor, selecting such articles 
as we can produce profitably, and as will bring 
revenue to the government and impose the least 
burden upon our own people. 

We condemn the Democratic doctrine of free 
trade, under the operation of which thousands now 
engaged in manufacturing, mining, and like indus- 
tries must be driven to agricultural pursuits, at 
once increasing our farm products, and destroying 
the best and most reliable markets for them, and 
commend the policy of reciprocity proposed in con 
nection with pending tariff legislation, to the end 
that, when our markets are opened more freely to 
the products of other countries, we should obtain 
as a consideration therefor more favorable trade 
privileges with the country so benefitted. We will 
thus secure, especially in Mexico, the Central and 
South American States, and adjacent islands, such 
a market for our agricultural and manufactured 
products as will enable us to pay for our sugar and 
coffee with the product of our mills and farms. 

We heartily approve tne action of Republicans 
in Congress in making generous provision for him 
who has borne the battle, and for his widow and 
orphans. A wise liberality, far surpassing any 
similar action by other nations, gives to the de- 
fenders of the Union and those dependent upon 
them, at least one hundred and fifty millions of 
dollars annually, of this vast amount over fifteen 
millions will be disbursed ill tile State of Indiana 
each year, bringing needed relief to thousands of 
patriotic homes, and stimulating business by 
largely increasing the volume of money circulat- 
ing among our people. 

As against all Democratic promises and pre- 
tenses, we proudly recall the fact that all pension 
legislation nas been placed upon the statute books 
by Republicans and against constant Democratic 
opposition they have seadily maintained a revenue 
system adequate to meet its demands. Nor has it 
been the habit of Republican Presidents to sneei 
at or veto laws adding to the comfort of those 
who maintain the integrity of the Union, and 
gave to the .Nation one flag of honor and authority. 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 7] 

In justice to the Union soldiers and sailors, we indicate their true character, «<• favor such !,■- is 

urge the passage of the service pension bill. lation by Congress and the State legislature as 

We commend the action of Republicans in Con- will best accomplish thai purpose, 
gress on the subject of silver coinage. Every We denounce all trusts and combinations tend- 

Democrat in Congress, who is recorded as voting, ing to hurtfully affect the price of commodities 

including the last candidate of that party for as opposed to the welfare of the people at large, 

Vice-President, at the time of the demonitization and favor such State legislation as will supple 

of silver, voted iii favor of that measure. Ex- incut the action of a Republican Congress looking 

President Cleveland, by messages to Congress, to their suppression. 

strongly opposed all legislation favorable to silver To cheapen transportation and to improve the 

coinage, and the law recently enacted was passed market for the products of our farms and mills. wt 

in spite of persisteni Democratic opposition. I'm favor the improve m of our rivers and harbors 

der its beneficent influence, silver has rapidly ap- wherever a reasonable expenditure will increase 

preached the gold standard of value, farm products facilities for carrying freight. 
are advancing in price, and commerce is feeling We cordially indorse the administration of Gov- 

the impulse of increased prosperity, it will add ernor Alvin P. Hovey and his Republican associ- 

niore than $50,000,000 annually of sound currency ates as courageous, prudent, and earnestly devoted 

to the amount in circulation among the people, to the best interests of the 1 pie of the State. 

and is a long yet prudent step toward free coinage. We demand that our benevolent institutions 

Prosperous and dignified labor is essential to a be pla 1 above the level of partisan politics, and 

free State. It should be well paid, and the hours that they lie controlled by hoards composed ol 

of employment should he such as to leave leisure members of different political parties, appointed 

tor recreation and lor mental and moral culture. by the Governor, to the end that the cost of their 

\\'e favor protection againsl every form of convict maintenance may he reduced, ami the helpless ami 

or servile labor, prohibition of the employment of unfortunate wards of the state may ao1 he made 

young children in factories and mines, protection the victims of uufil appointments dictated by the 

of railroad employes by requiring the adoption of caucus, and made as a reward for party services, 
a uniform coupler, protection of employes in lac- We denounce all attempts to correct supposed 

lories and mines anl in every hazardous occupation evils by the lawless acts of mobs, commonly called 

from every danger that can he removed or diniin- White Caps, as unworthy of a civilized State. We 

ished, the adjustment of differences between the favor such legislation as will aid the executive end 

employer and the employed by arbitration, ami local authorities in exterminating such evils in the 

such legislation as may he led to facilitate and few localities where there have been occasional 

protect organizations of farmers and wage laborers manifestations of this law less spirit, and that there 

tor the proper and lawful promotion of their mu- may he no pretext for lawless attempts to redress 

cual interests. And we condemn the conduct of supposed grievances we demand the vigorous en- 

the representatives of the Democratic party, both forcement of the laws against all offenders by the 

in Congress, and in the legislature of Indiana. duly constituted authorities of the State. 

who. while professing abundant regard for the The efforts of the sal 1 to control political 

welfare of the workingman, have failed to enact parties and dominate elections must he met and 

valid and efficient laws on these subjects. defeated. The traffic in intoxicating liquors has 

We repeat our demand for elections that shall always been regarded as a proper subject for legis- 

be free, equal, and honesi iii every pari of the lative restraint and those engaged in it should he 

Union. Upon such elections depend the political compelled hoy the laws. We favor legislation 

equality and just represeniati t the people of upon the principle of local option, whereby the 

every State. Our National Government is founded various communities throughout the Stale may. as 

upon the idea that there shall he such elections. they deem best, either control or suppress this 

ami we urge the Congress of the United States to traffic, and approve the recent action of Congress 

enact such laws as will accomplish this result, ami remitting the control of this subject to the several 

make ample provision for forcing the discontinn- States, 
ance of intimidation, corruption ami fraud. We believe thai all state officers who serve the 

We believe that the soil of the United Slates whole people should lie elected by them as soon as 

should he reserved for iis own citizens and such appointments made by the executive under the 

as may become citizens, and favor such legisla- Constitution expire, and favor such an amendment 

lion by Congress and the State legislature as will to the National Constitution as will extend tie 

prevent aliens becoming owners of the land needed same method to the election of United state. Sena 

for homes for independent American farmers. tors, tints reducing the danger of corruption, giving 

Believing that the food supply of the people the majority representation, and making such an 

should he kept as pure as possible, ami that all election as that under which one Indiana Senator 

articles should he sold under such names as will now misrepresents its people impossible. 



7l' HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

We believe thai the making of public improve- party as the great safeguard of government by the 

nieuts, .-Hid other purely business affairs of our people. To the end that free schools may accom- 

larger cities, can be best and most economically |ilis]i a more perfect work arid extend the Ines- 

inanaged by non-partisan boards, and favor legis- timable benefits of education siili further to free 

lation to that end, bul we maintain the right of school bouses and free tuition we would add free 

local self-government, and believe that such boards text I ks. so that the humblest child within our 

should be appointed by the mayor of the city borders would be offered an education absolutely 
they are to serve. free. Legislation to this end should Dot be post- 
Tin- better to secure the savings of our people poned, but be so framed as aot to impair contracts 
so largely invested in building associations, we to which the State stands pledged. To further 
lavor legislation requiring foreign associations and promote the efficiency, and better secure equality 
those organized in other States to make proper in the operation, of our school laws, we favor a 
proof of their solvency, furnish ample security, and just and equitable apportionment of the school 
pay a reasonable license fee for the privilege of funds of the state. We are opposed to any inter- 
doing business in the State. ference with the rights now conceded to citizens 

We condemn the legislature of Indiana tot- maintaining private ami parochial schools, 
creating oflices ami attempting to till them with We condemn the reckless ami unbusinesslike 

its own favorites, contrary to established custom policy of the Democratic party, under which, at 

and in defiance to tin' Constitution. We denounce a time when neighboring States have been reducing 

as unpatriotic, and as tending to revolution and their indebtedness. Indian;! presents the spectacle 

anarchy, denunciation of able and uprighl judges df ;i rapidly increasing public debt amounting now 

of any political party, by party newspapers and to more than eight millions of dollars. It is a 

political platforms, for the sole reason that in the n mst flagrant instance of that extravagant ami 

conscientious discharge of high judicial duties utterly indefensible Democratic policy of making 

such judges have renaerea uecisions against sup- large expenditures, entailing heavy interest charges 

posed partisan interests. We believe our State and upon the people, while attempting to delude them 

federal judges to be able and conscientious, ami with the falsi' pretenses of reducing their burdens. 

recognize in the malignant censure bestowed upon Extravagant appropriations for the expenses of the 

them another Democratic attempt to bring the law legislature, to pay its numerous officers and at- 

iuto disrepute, and teach the lesson of disobodi- tondants. and for the benefit of parasites demand- 

etice by villifying the judges charged with the j ng compensations for their party services, have 

grave duty of deciding all controversies anion- helped to swell the current expenses of the State 

our citizens. until they exc 1 the revenue provided for their 

The constitutional amendment adopted by a payment by nearly half a million of dollars annual- 
large majority in .Match. L881, authorizing the [y. The condition that confronts its is one that has 
legislature to enact laws grading the compensa- become sadly familiar where there has been a 
lion of officers according to population and service period of government by the Democratic party. 
required, expressed cue demand of the people for \v,. have no surplus to oppress us. but a robust 
such laws, in party platforms and public utter- and growing deficiency. We would meet it first by 
auees the Democratic party has often declared in such rigid economy in appropriations as will limit 
lavor of such legislation, bul having often a ma- them to the actual necessities: second, by inereas- 
jority in both branches of the legislature, il has jng the revenue by laws designed to compel per- 
suffered this amendment to remain a dead letter sonal as well as real property to bear its full share 
for nine years. We favor legislation under this ,,f the public burdens, and also by requiring cor- 
aineiidiiieiit by which officers will be paid lixed poratioiis. obtaining valuable franchises belonging 
salaries, having regard to population and the char- ,,, the people, and granted by the State, to pay to 
acler of services rendered, ami the prices paid for the State a substantial license fee therefor, to be 
similar work in other occupations, and all fees fixed according to the character and value Of the 
collected be paid int., the proper treasury for the franchise granted. Ami only as a last resort do 
public benefit. Such legislation should take effect we favor any additional taxation, either by increas- 
at the close of official terms for which elections jng the rate, or under the guise of a higher ap- 

liave i n made ai the lime of its enactment, ami praisement. 

- 1 Id be followed by a constitutional amendment We condemn the gerrymandering of election 

making the terms of county and Slate officers. districts to secure partisan advantages, as in vio- 

except the judiciary, four years, and rendering in- lation of the spirit of our State Constitution, and 

ciimbenis ineligible for re-election in any period of ;| S an assault upon political equality and popular 

'''-''' years. government, having the same object as similar 

We congratulate the | pie of the State upon disfranchisement accomplished by forged returns, 

ts mamiiliceiil free school system. Il has always tissue ballots, and the shotgun, and as being equal- 

1 " fostered and cherished by the Republican h infamous. u y this iniquity, two successive 



OP THE STATE DK INDIANA. 



legislatures have directly opposed the will of our 
people, and to thai extent government by the 
people lias Itch overthrown, one of them, by 
methods revolutionary and violent, elected a inern 
ber of the United States Senate, who assumes to 
represent a constituency thai voted against his 
principles at which this legislature was chosen. 
Aiding him in misrepresenting our people are ten 
members of the National House of Representa- 
tives, elected at an election at which the party 
that carried the Scate chose bu1 three. Above all 
other questions in which any class of our people 
an- interested, stands the question of our power 
in make public opinion public law, but the party 
responsible for the existing outrage upon popular 
rights ihics nut even promise in its platform that it 
will either mitigate or correct it. We stand 
pledged to a just and equitable apportionment of 
the State for legislative and Congressional purpo 
ses. under which any patty having a majority ol 
votes can elect a majority of Representatives, and 
we invite all who believe in government by the 
majority, who concede to their neighbors the po- 
litical rights claimed by themselves, to aid us in 
accomplishing this reform, upon which all other 
reforms depend. 

It was a year when the politicians were 
tumbling over each other In cater to the 

new fanners' organization, and each 
party was careful to head its ticket with 
a fanner. 

The convention nominated the follow- 
ing State ticket: 

Secretary of State — Milton Trusler, Fayette. 

Auditor of State— I. N. Walker, Marion. 

Treasurer of State -Geo. W Pixley, Allen. 

Judge of Supreme Court -Robert W. McBride, 
DeKalb 

Attorney General— John W. Lovett. Madison. 

Clerk of Supreme Court— Wm. T. Noble. Wayne. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction- James H. 
Henry. Wayne. 

State Statistician — John Worrell, Hendricks. 

State Geologist- John M. Coulter, Montgomery. 

The following nominees for Congress 
were named by the district conventions: 

First District, .lames S. Wright; Second Dis- 
trict. Win. N. Darnell; Third District. Win. .1. 
Dunham; Fourth District, John T. Rankin; Fifth 
District. John <;. Dunbar; Sixth District. Henry 
V. Johnson; Seventh District. .1. .1. W. Billingsly, 
Eighth District, .lames A. Mount: Ninth District. 
Daniel Waugh; Tenth District. Wm. D. Owen; 
Eleventh District. Cyrus E. Bryant; Twelfth Dis- 
trict..!. N. Babcock; Thirteenth District. Henry D. 
Wilson. 



The Republicans wen- compelled to 
make a defensive campaign from the start, 
and it was impossible to anmse in the 
party anything of the vigor that it had 
shown two years before. A great effort 
was made to capture the Kan iters' Alliance 
organization, and many Republican farm- 
ers joined it upon advice of the political 
organization. Their new allegiance, how- 
ever, proved the stronger of the two. and 
most of them temporarily deserted the 
party. These with the other causes enu- 
merated contributed to one of the most 
thorough defeats the party has ever had in 
Indiana. The State ticket was lost by 
over 18,000 votes, and with it went the 
legislature and everything else. The Re- 
publicans succeeded in saving but two 
Congressional districts out of the wreck, 
electing Mr. Johnson in the Sixth and Mr. 
Waugh in the Ninth. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1892. 

Notwithstanding the defeat of 1890 the 
Republicans looked forward to the cam- 
paign of 1892 with considerable confidence. 
The McKinley tariff had had time to vin- 
dicate itself, and the country was more 
prosperous than it had ever before been in 
its history. The party leaders had faith 
in the conservative common sense of the 
people and believed they would continue a 
regime that had brought them prosperity 
and tranquility. Shortly after the close 
of the campaign of 1890, .Mr. Michener 
resigned the chairmanship of the State 
committee, and in January of 1891 the 
con m t it tee met and elected John 1\. ( rowdy, 
of Rushville, to fill out the unexpired term. 
Chairman Gowdy and Secretary Milliken 
immediately began the work of reorgan- 
izing the party, and the chairman devoted 
nearly all of the year of 1891 to holding 
meetings in almost every county of the 
State, consulting with the local leaders. 
healing factional troubles .and putting the 
party organization in trim. When the 



74 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



regular organization meetings wen- held 
in January. 1M'2. there were many rumors 
of an "anti-Harrison" taction, supposed 
to be composed of the younger and less 
reconcilable element of the Gresham fol- 
lowing. The opposition t<> Harrison, how- 
ever, was not formidable, and tlie organ- 
ization meetings elected a solid Harrison 
delegation to the National convention, and 
the members of the State committee elected 
were all Harrison adherents. 

The following delegates were elected to 
the National convention: 

At Large, R. W. Thompson, Vigo; Stanton J. 
lVcllc. Marion; N. T. DePauw, Floyd; C. F. Grif- 
fin, Lake. Alternates :it Large, W. 11. Elliott, 
Henry; Calvin Cowgill, Wabash; George L. Knox. 
Marion; .1. II. McNeely, Vanderburgh. District 
Delegates, First District, George P. Heilman, Van- 
derburgh, and Frederick P. Leonard, Posey; Second 
District. Howard R. Lowder, Greene, and Edward 
F. Meredith. Daviess; Third District, Gen. Jasper 
Packard, Floyd, and James Graham, Jefferson-, 
Fourth District, Claude Camburn, Rush, and 
George Roberts, Dearborn; Fifth District, Maj. .1. 
li. Homan, Hendricks, and X. W. Hill, Monroe, 
Sixth District, Isaiah P. Watts. Randolph, and 
Charles W. Stivers. Union; Seventh District, 
Roger It. Shiel. Marion, and Win. T. inn-bin. 
Madison; Eighth District. W. R. McKeen, Vigo, 
and Gen. Lew Wallace. Montgomery; Ninth Dis- 
trict, .lames M. Reynolds, Tippecanoe, and a. C. 
Daily. Boone; Tenth District. A. R. Shroyer, 
Cass. M. F. Chilcote, Jasper; Eleventh District, 
Hiram Brownlee, Grant, and Captain Silas A. 
Pulse, Huntington; Twelfth District. R. P. I'.arr. 
Noble, and W. L. Penfield, DeKalb; Thirteenth 
District. L. W. Royse, Kosciusko, and Charles W. 
.Miller. Elkhart. Alternate Delegates, First Dis- 
trict. Dr. Adams, Pike, and Clarence I'. Laird, 
Spencer; Second District. Dr. W. II. McMahan, 
Dubois, and II. <,>. Houghton, Martin; Third Dis- 
trict. .1. w. Martin, Scott, and Caldwallader .tones. 
Clark: Fourth District. W. D. Daily. Ripley, and 
E. S. Powell, Shelby: Fifth District. Henry S. 
Rominger, Vigo, and Senator Silas A. Hays, 
Putnam; Sixth District, Francis T. Hoots, Fay- 
ette, and 1.. I'. Mitchell. Henry: Seventh Dis- 
trict, Thomas .1. Cook. Marion, and Dr. Warren 
R. King, Hancock: Eighth District, Win. Leavitt, 
Clay, and I. II. Talley, Sullivan: Ninth District. 
George E. Nollen, Benton, and P.. .1. Mendenall, 
Clinton; Tenth District, Judge Win. Spangler, Pu- 
laski, and W. C. I.eatherni.-in. Porter; Eleventh 
District. Hiram Grove, Wells. Byron I,. Myers. 
Miami; Twelfth District, Judge A. A. Chapin, 



Allen, and Steven A. Fuller. Steuben; Thirteenth 
District. Harry B. Tuthill. LaPorte, and George A. 

Scott. Marshall. 

The following members of the State 

committee Were elected: 

First District, .1. A. Hemenway, Boonville; Sec- 
ond District. .1. c. Bilheimer, Washington; 'third 
District. S. K. Carter. Seymour; Fourth District. 
A. I-:. Nowlin, Lawrenceburg; Firth District, Jesse 
oversireet. Franklin; Sixth District. Geo. W. 
Cromer, Muncie; Seventh District, c. S. Wiltse, 
Indianapolis; Eighth District. X. Filbeck, Terre 
Haute: Ninth District. C. C. Shirley. Kokomo; 
Tenth District. Charley Harley. Delphi: Eleventh 
District, George Osborne, Marion: Twelfth District. 
D. X. Foster. Ft. Wayne: Thirteenth District. A. 
L. Brick. South Bend. Mr. Gowdy was re-elected 
Chairman of the committee with Mr. Millikan as. 
Secretary: C. C. Shirley Vice-Chairman and Horace 
McKay. Treasurer. Mr. Gowdy appointed the fol- 
lowing executive committee: R. B. F. Pierce, In- 
dianapolis; -1. B. Homan. Danville: W. T. Durbin, 
Anderson: Moses <;. McClain, Indianapolis: W. W. 
Milford. Indianapolis; George Knox, Indianapolis; 
George M. Young, Vincennes; A. P. Hendrickson, 
Indianapolis: F. H. Tripp. North Vernon; A. A. 
Winslow. Hammond. 

When the National convention came at 
Minneapolis in June the '• anti-Harrison " 
sentiment developed in a special train run 
from Ft. Wayne to Minneapolis, contain- 
ing a few Republicans from Ft. Wayne 
and a few from Indianapolis. They did 
not make any impression upon the gath- 
ering, however, and it was evident from 
the make-up of the crowd that what had 
been known as the Gresham element did 
not countenance this movement. Indeed. 
Mr. Fairbanks, who had been the recog- 
nized leader of Gresham's friends in 1888, 
went to Minneapolis as an effective worker 
in behalf of Harrison. After a hard strug- 
gle the Harrison forces at Minneapolis, 
under the skillful leadership of John 0. 
New. were again victorious, and the Presi- 
dent was renominated. 

A month later the State convention met 
at Ft. Wayne, with Mr. Fairbanks as its 
chairman, and adopted the following plat- 
form: 

1st. The Republicans of Indiana heartily ap- 
prove the declarations of principles adopted by the 
Republican National convention at Minneapolis. 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 7;, 

As citizens of Indiana, we congratulate the 5th. We condemn the action of the last Deino- 

l>eople of the State upon the renomination for cratic legislature in largely increasing the fees 

President of the United States of our fellow-citizen, and salaries of both Stair and county officers. It 

Benjamin Harrison. made many public offices sinecures by providin" 

The administration of the National Govern- for the performance of official duties by deputies 

incut under his leadership lias been marked by paid out of the public treasury, 

such wisilntii and patriotism as to Impress the (5th. The laws passed liy the last Democratic 

whole country and give abundant assurance thai Assembly apportioning the state for legislative 

its continuance will add lustre to the American and congressional purposes were designedly and 

name and increase the comforl of the American wickedly framed so as to deny to many counties 

heme. and localities fair and equal representation in the 

Wo commend the candidates of the Republican legislative departments of the state and Nation- to 

party as eminently worthy of the suffrages Of an place and retain under Democratic control in this 

intelligent and patriotic people. State all its public institutions and affairs' and to 

2nd. The Democratic party has often demon give that party an increased and unfair represen- 

strated its incapacity for governmenl in both Na- tation in Congress and the legislature, 

tional and State affairs. In Indiana, believing Such a policy is dangerous and destructive id' 

itself Intrenched behind a gerrymander id' sur- till g I government, ami merits tin. condemna- 

passing iniquity, it has shown a reckless disregard lion of all patriotic people. And we now pledge the 

of the people's interesl and welfare, imposing in- Republican party to , -0111111110 the warfare against 

tolerable burdens without benefits. We, there- this dishonest policy of the De tratic party until 

tore, c li in 11 the Democratic management of our the State shall be Uonestly apporti 1 by giving 

State affairs as incompetent, wasteful, and in tin to each county and locality its fair and equitable 

interest of office holders and party managers, and representation in the legislative departments of 

direct attention especially to the subjects hereafter the State and Nation and to each parly representa- 

mentioned. Hon in proportion to its numbers. 

3rd. Debt and Democracy are synonymous 7th. We denounce the purpose id' the Demo- 
with the taxpayers of Indiana. Unparalleled ex- cratic party, clearly avowed in its National plat- 
travagance in public expenditures has marked the form, to repeal tne law imposing a in per cent, tax 
course of the Democratic party of Indiana during mi state bank issues and thus remove the only bar- 
tlie past decade, until the State is now burdened rier to a return to the system of "wild cat" money 
with a debt of $9,000,000. The current expenses which once disgraced our Stale and largely hu- 
nt' the State governmenl have been rapidly in- poverished our people. 

creased by reckless mismanagement The burdens 8th. The Democratic party deserves the em- 

thus imposed have become too oppressive to be phatic condemnation of every citizen of the State 

endured. Our progress as a people has been great for its refusal to place our benevolent institutions 

ly impelled, and the credit of the Slate will soon upon a nun-part isan basis, when murder, cruelty, 

become seriously impaired unless radical changes debauchery, fraud and incompetency mark thai 

in the conduct of our public business are speedily party's management of many of those institutions; 

introduced. Relief lies with the people, and we and for still persisting in retaining partisan control 

invite the voters of all political opinions to unite in ,,f these asylums of the helpless and unfortunate 

turning out of power the parly thai has always that they may be made the coin in payment for 

been false to its pledges of economy and reform. party purposes. 

4th. We arraign the Democratic party of tndi- We therefore demand an absolutely uon-parti- 

ana for enacting an unequal and unjust tax law. san management id' the benevolent penal and re- 
It imposes upon the fanner. Ihe laborer and the forma tory institutions Of the Slate through boards 

householder an excessive and unjust share of the whose members shall be appointed by 'lie Governor 

public burden. It creates a great number of un- from the different political parties of the stale, to 

necessary offices hitherto unknown to the law. the end that they may be relieved from their pres- 

To the burden of taxation already too heavy it cut profligate management. 

adds more than one hundred thousand dollars for p. We favor amending the law concerning Ihe 

Ihe fees, salaries and expenses of these offices and construction and maintenance of public highways 

officers. so as to utilize to the best advantage the large 

We demand its radical revision. We pledge sums yearly expended Ihereon. and thus put the 

ourselves to enact such amendments to the present tanner in close and easy communication with the 

tax law as shall relieve the farm and the home market at all seasons of the year. 

from the unjust taxation now borne by them, Hull. We favor the enact 111 by Con stress of 

which shall place a just share of the public burden a law thrice recommended by President Harrison 
on capital and corporate properly, and provide a compelling I he use of Standard safely car couplers 
more simple and less expensive method of assess- tor the protection of Un- lives and limbs of em- 
inent ployes engaged in the iulet'-state commerce. 



(6 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

The i P le in ""■ employ of railroad companies candidate for the Domination. Though a 

in this Suite form ;i large percentage of its popu- , c , 15 ... , , 

, . . . ' number of the Republican leaders went to 

lation :iticl are justly entitled to such legislation l 

as will place them on an equality with such cor- the convention in the hope of defeating 

poration before the law, and we are opposed to Chase, they found it impossible to concen- 

railroads maintaining insurance companies by co- trate U p 0n any other candidate, and Mr. 

ercing their employes to become members of them. ,,, , , ., 

,..7 , ' . , , , ,, , ,-,,.■ O base was nominated easilv. 

The employers oi labor should be liable for 

damages for injury to persons or destruction of life The following State ticket was put in 

where the employer is mere at fault than the the Held: 

. , , , . Governor — Ira J. Chase. Hendricks. 

We also favor a law governing convict labor in . ■ 

,".._. , , .,, , Lieutenant - Governor — Theodore Shockney, 

tin- penal nstitutions <>t the State that will work IT . 

Union. 



Secretary of State — Aaron Jones. St Joseph. 
Auditor of State — John W. Coons. Marion. 
Treasurer of State — Frederick J. Scholz, Va 



darburg. 



the least possible injury to free labor. 

We are ill sympathy with all well directed ef- 
forts of laboring men to improve their condition by 

united action, or otherwise, anil pledge ourselves 

t„ give then, such aid by legislation as will tend Attorney-General-Joseph D. Ferrall, Lagrange. 

to advance the interest of wage workers. Reporter of Supreme Court-Geo. P. Havw 1, 

llth. We most heartily indorse the generous Tippecanoe. 

pension law enacted by Republicans in Congress. Superintendent of Public Instruction— James H. 

and congratulate the country that during the ad- Henry. Wayne. 

ministration of President Harrison no pension bill Statistician— Simeon J. Thompson, Shelby, 
has been vetoed. 

We demand that suitable and proper provisions The following were placed in nomin- 

be made for the care and maintenance of indigent ation for Congress by the different conven- 

soldiers and their wives and widows, to the end fcionS' 
thai no soldier or wife or widow of a soldier, shall 

ever lie an inmate of a i r house in the State ol Fil ' st District, Arthur P. Twangham; second 

Indiana; and that such provision be made that the District, B, M. Willoughby; Third District, Wm. 

soldier, when overtaken by poverty and adversity, W. Borden; Fourth District, Samuel M. Jones; 

shall not in Ids declining years be separated from Fifth District. John Worrell: Sixth District, Henry 

the wife of his youth. ' • Johnson; Seventh District. Charles L. Henry; 

We, therefore, advocate the establishment by Eighth District. H. W. S. Carpenter; Ninth Dis- 

ihe Slate, in connection with the Indiana depart- trict, Daniel Waugh; Tenth District. Wm. John- 

ment of the Grand Army of the Republic, of a suit- ston; Eleventh District. Wm. F. Daley; Twelfth 

able Slate Soldiers' Home for the care and main- District, A. J. Yon: Thirteenth District, James S. 

tenance of indigent soldiers and their wives and Dodge. 

widows upon a plan recommended by the Grand Th( . , jill( . ()ln Le ague throughout this 

Army of the Republic. . , , , . ,, , . 

12th. The people of Indiana cherish the mem- campaign had the following organization: 

ory of Alvin 1'. Hovey. He was a native of the Wm. L. Taylor. President; W. It. .McClelland, 
stale, and with only such opportunities as were Treasurer, and R. & Mansfield, Secretary. First 
open to all rose to high positions in the State and District. C. B. Laird. Hoekport: Second District. 
.Nation, and distinguished i.uuself as jurist, sol- Chas. G. Sefrit. Washington; Third District. V. H. 
dier and statesman. The Republicans of Indiana Monroe, Seymour: Fourth District, ('has. F. Jones, 
lament his death as the loss of a trusted leader. Brookville; Fifth District. W. C. Banta, Martius- 
nnd of a statesman who crowned a long and useful ville; Sixth District. Francis T. Roots. Conners- 
career by a couragous and manly defense of the v ille: Seventh District. W. S. Montgomery, Green- 
Constitution he helped to frame and of I ne just „eld; Eighth District, A. M. Hadley. Kockville; 
power of the State's chief executive, Ninth District, W. C. Purduiii, Kokomo; Tenth 
13th. We lender to that eminent Republican District, John Spangler, Winamac; Eleventh Dis- 
leader, the Hon. James. G. Blaine, and the members trict. A. L. Sharpe, Bluffton; Twelfth District. D. 
of his family, our sincere sympathy, and with H. Best. Angola; Thirteenth District. L. It. 
them mourn the loss id' those who so recently Stookey, Warsaw. 
formed a part of their family circle. 

The chief characteristic < if the campaign 

Governor Hovey had died in office and seemed to be the apathy that existed among 

his unexpired term had been filled by the voters. Though Chairman Gowdy 

Lieutenant-Governor Chase who was a and his forces at headquarters worked 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



almost night and day. it was difficult to 
arouse enthusiasm, difficult to put together 
strong local organizations and difficult to 
get out a large attendance at the meet- 
ings. \Yhile there was nothing in the 
way of factional troubles, there was a 
general indifference that was much more 
ominous. The election proved a Demo- 
cratic landslide all over the country, and 
though the State of Indiana was more 
steadfast than the others, it, too, went 
down in the wreck, the Democrats carry- 
ing the State by something over 7,000. 
Again the Sixth and Ninth Congressional 
Districts were the only ones carried by 
the Republicans. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1894. 

The first few months of the Cleveland 
administration elected in 1892 showed a 
very remarkable revulsion of political feel- 
ing throughout the country. The panic 
of 1893 was fatal to the Democratic party, 
and such municipal elections as occurred 
in the autumn of that year showed that 
Indiana was taking the same rapid drift 
toward Republicanism that Ohio and some 
other States showed by their State elec- 
tions. Thus the Indiana Republicans be- 
gan their work of organization in ls'.»4 
with a great deal of confidence. In the 
legislature of 1893 the Republican minor- 
ity had cast their complimentary vote for 
Charles W. Fairbanks for Senator and un- 
der Mr. Fairbanks's advice and guidance 
the Democratic gerrymander of the State 
had been attacked in the Courts. Mr. 
Fairbanks had thus gradually taken up 
the leadership of the party organization, 
and when the Committee was re-or- 
ganized in 1894, it was composed very 
largely of his personal friends. 

The following members were elected in 
the districts: 

First District, W. C. Mason, Rockport; Second 
District, T. J. Brooks, Bedford; Third District, B. 
11. Tripp, North Vernon; Fourth District, A. E. 
Nowlin, Lawrenceburg; Fifth District, W. W. 



Lambert. Columbus; Sixth District, Geo. W. 
Cromer, Muncie; Seventh District, .1. W. Fesler, 
Indianapolis; Eighth District, X. Filbeck, Terre 
Haute; Ninth District, ('. C. Shirley, Kokomo; 
Tenth District, Charley Harley, Delphi; Eleventh 
District, Geo. A. Osborn, Marion; Twelfth District, 
S. A. Wood, Angola; Thirteenth District, K. B. 
Oglesbee, Plymouth. 

Mr. (iowdy was re-elected chairman 
over some slight opposition, arising in 
Marion county: Charley Harley was made 
vice-chairman: Kussel M. Seeds, secretary 
and James R. Henry, treasurer. It was 
recognized that the executive committee 
of 1892 had been too large for effective 
work and this year it was replaced by an 
advisory committee of one from each dis- 
trict and a smaller executive committee of 
five men. These committees were ap- 
pointed by the chairman as follows: 

Executive Committee — W . T. Durbin, Ander- 
son; F. M. Millikan, indi inapolis ; J. B. Homan. 
Danville; L. P. Xewby, Knightstown; A. W. Wish 
ard, Indianapolis. 

Advisory Committee— M. G McLain. Indianap 
olis; Robert Mitchell, Princeton; E. F. Meredith 
Washington; Geo. W. Self, Corydon; II. R. Len 
nard, Metamora; .1. G. McPneeters, Bloomington; 
A. ('. Lindemuth; Richmond; W. I. Overstreet, 
Terre Haute; W. II. Hart, Frankfort; Cloyd 
Loughery, Monticello; Warren <:. Sayre, Wabash; 
C. R. Higgins, Fort Wayne; O. Z. Hubbell, Elk- 
hart. 

The Lincoln League was organized with 
the following officers: 

President, Marcus R. Sulzer; Secretary, R. E. 
Mansfield; Treasurer, L. W. Cooper; District Man 
agers: Firs! District, R. A. Wood. Princeton; Sec- 
ond District, 11. Q. Houghton, Shoals; Third Dis- 
trict, Perry E. Bear, Madison; Fourth District, 
John .1. Wingate, Shelbyville; Fifth District, II. C. 
Lewis. Greencastle; Sixth District. Union B. limit. 
Winchester: Seventh Dstrict, Warwick II. Ripley. 
Indianapolis; Eighth District, A. M. Hadley, Rock 

ville: Ninth District. ThOS. W. Knit. Lafayette: 
Tenth District, Charley Harley. Delphi; Eleventh 
District. .1. R. Hadley, Gas City; Twelfth District. 
L. W. Welker. Albion; Thirteenth District, ('has. 
W. -Miller. Goshen. Executive Committee: War- 
wick II. Ripley. Indianapolis; Judson .1. Higgins, 
Indianapolis; W. R. McClellan, Danville; A. I'. 
Funkhouser. Evansville: Evans II. Prosser. New 
Albany; R. II. Richards. Spencer; Harvey G. Mor- 
ris, Salem; W. .1. Baird, Vevay; John Morris, Jr.. 
Fort Wayne: John F. Wildinan, Muncie; W. W. 
Pfrimmer, Kentland; <». p. Ensley, Auburn. 



HISTOKY UK THK RKJ'l'BUCAX I'AKTY 



The State convention was held at Ind- 
ianapolis on April 25th. The indications 
ol a heavy drift toward Republicanism had 
brought out a tremendous crop of candi- 
dates for every office, and most of these 
men made speaking tours of the State be- 
fore the State convention, a circumstance 
that proved of great value in yetting the 
party machinery started and stirring up 
party enthusiasm. 

The following platform was adopted: 

We, tin' Republicans of Indiana, in delegate 
convention assembled, reaffirm our faith in the 
progressive principles of the Republican party. 
We believe its polities, past and present, best cal- 
culated tu promote the happiness and prosperity 
of the people. 

The administration of President Harrison and 
the congressional legislation of that period were 
wise, pure and patriotic, and we point to the 
marked contrast between the home and foreign 
politics nt that administration and the present 
travesty on government inflicted upon the Amer- 
ican people. 

We believe in the Republican doctrine of pro- 
tection and reciprocity, which furnishes a home 
market for the products of our factories and our 
farms and protects the American laborer against 
the competition of the pauper labor of Europe. 
We ill nounce the unwise and unpatriotic action of 
the Democratic party in attempting to eliminate 
the reciprocity principle from our tariff system, 
thereby closing a large foreign market to the prod- 
ucts of American farms and depressing agricul- 
tural interests. We denounce the present attempt 
of a Democratic Congress tp overthrow and de- 
stroy the American industrial system, a course 
that, with the general fear of a violent readjust- 
ment of the country's business to a free trade 
hasis. has increased the National debt, has plunged 
the country into the most disastrous business de- 
pression of its history, lias closed large numbers 
of banks and factories throughout the country, 
has thrown an unprecedented number of Amer- 
ican citizens out of employment, has compelled 
thousands of able-bodied and industrious men to 
humiliate themselves by asking for charity and 
has tilled our broad land with free soup houses 
anl 1 1 markets. 

We believe in a currency composed of gold, 
silver and paper, readily convertible at a fixed 
standard of value ami entirely under National con 
trol; and we favor the imposition of increased 
tariff duties upon the imports from all foreign 
countries which oppose the coinage of silver upon 



a basis to be determined by an international con- 
gress for such purpose. We denounce the avowed 
purpose of the Democratic party to restore the era 
of "wild eat" money. 

We believe in a liberal construction of our 
pension laws, and we condemn the unjust policy 
of the present administration in depriving ex- 
soldiers of their pensions without a hearing, a 
policy intended to east odium upon loyalty and 

patriotism. We believe it to be the duly of the 

State, as well as the Nation, to make suitable pro- 
vision for the care and maintenance of all indi- 
gent soldiers, their wives and widows; we there- 
fore favor the establishment by the State of a 
suitable soldiers' home for the reception of such 
soldiers, their wives and widows, as may be over- 
la ken by adversity. 

We demand a rigid enforcement of all existing 
immigration laws by the National Government, 
and demand such further legislation as will pro- 
tect our people and institutions against the influx 
of the criminal and vicious classes. 

We denounce the unpatriotic action of the 
Cleveland administration in hauling down the 
American flag at Hawaii, and condemn the arro- 
gant assumption of power displayed in the effort 
to restore a tyrannical queen over a free people 
who had thrown off the yoke of despotism. 

We condemn the outrageous bargain and sale 
of Federal patronage by the Cleveland adminis- 
tration in its unblushing efforts to usurp the pre- 
rogatives of the legislative branch of the Govern- 
ment, to enforce favorite measures through Con- 
gress and compel the confirmation of Presidential 
appointments by the Senate. 

We condemn the reckless and extravagant ad- 
ministration of the financial affairs of this State, 
whereby the people are subjected to unjust and 
unnecessary burdens of taxation, by an increased 
assessment of property and an increased rate of 
taxation and by a multiplication of offices to be 
supported by the taxpayers of the State. 

We believe that tlie benevolent, educational 
and correctional institutions of the State should 
be placed under nonpartisan control. 

We believe in such legislation. State and Na- 
tional, as will protect the lives and limbs of em- 
ployes of railroads, mines and factories. 

We condemn the policy steadily pursued by the 
Democratic legislatures of Indiana, in so gerry- 
mandering the State as to deny the people a fair 
representation of their views in the State legisla- 
ture and National Congress, thus imperilling the 
foundations of our institutions. 

After many weary hours of ballotting, 
the following State ticket was selected over 
the numerous candidates in the held: 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



Secretary of State — W. L). Owen. Cass. 

Auditor of State — A. C. Daily. B le. 

Treasurer of State — F. J. Scholz. Vanderburg. 

Attorney-General — W. A. Ketcham. Marion. 

Clerk of Supreme Court — Alexander Hess. Wa- 
bash. 

State Statistician — S. J. Thompson, Shelby. 

State Geologist— \X . S. Blatchlev. Vigo. 

Supreme Court Judges — L. J. Monks, Randolph, 
and J. H. Jordan. Morgan. 

The following candidates for Congress 
were nominated in the districts: 

First District, James A. Hemenway; Second 
District. M. A. Hardy: Third District. Robert J. 
Tracewell; Fourth District, James E. Watson, 
Fifth District. Jesse ovcrstreet : Sixth District, 
Henry U. Johnson: Seventh District. Charles L. 
Henry: Eighth District Geo. W. Faris; Ninth Dis- 
trict. .1. Frank Hanly: Tenth Hist rid. Dr. J. H. 
Hatch. Eleventh District. Geo. W. Steele: Twelfth 
District. J. D. Leighty: Thirteenth District. L. 
W. Royse. 

Through the Congressional contest in 
the Tenth District a very serious situation 
arose that threatened to disrupt the party 
in tlie district. Charles B. Landis, of Car- 
roll county, and William Johnson, of 
Porter, were opposing candidates and so 
equally divided was the convention that 
mutual claims of fraud caused a split and 
the adherents of each of the candidates 
nominated their favorite. There was no 
precedent which authorized the State com- 
mittee to take up and adjudicate the trou- 
ble, but after innumerable conferences of 
their friends, both candidates were induced 
to withdraw, a new convention was held, 
and Dr. Hatch was nominated. 

The campaign was an easy one to con- 
duct. Where one volunteer was called b >r 
in the party, there were a dozen ready to 
respond and it was thus a comparatively 
easy matter to put together the following 
organization outlined in a circular by the 
State committee: 

The plan of organization we outline for you 
has been proven by long experience the very best 
under all conditions ever devised. It' your county 
committee is composed of one member from each 
precinct, so much the better. Then the chairman 
should have a committee of deputies composed of 
as many men as you have wants and townships, 
giving each one general supervision of one ward 



or township, and hold him responsible for results 
in it. In ease of small townships, le- might bunch 
two or three together under on,- deputy. If the 
county committee is composed of represi ntatives 
of wards and townships, hold each one responsible 
for his ward or township. In that case a commit- 
tee of deputies will not be necessary, each menibei 
of the county committee acting in that capacity. 
Then let him have a committeeman in each of his 
precincts whom he will hold responsible for that 
precinct. Let the precinct man in turn lie the 
head of a precinct committee. In cities and towns 
this precinct committee should be composed of as 
many men as there are blocks or half squares in 
the precinct. Each one of these block men should 
keep all the time a list of voters in his block, note 
all changes, know tin 1 politics of each one. He 
should be able to give a correct poll of his block 
at any time. When election day comes he must 
be hold responsible thai every Republican vote in 
his block gets in at the earliest moment. On that 
day the precinct man snould keep a full list ot 
Republican voters of his precinct, check them off 
as they come in and keep tie block men moving 
after them all the time. His list should be ar- 
ranged by blocks. The ward or township man 
should keep moving from one precinct to tin- 
other, aim in cities should colled from each pro 
cinct man reports ai 10, 2 and -I o'clock on the 
number of votes still out. 

In the country the "block system" cannot be 
used, but the "neighborhood system" can. ami 
proves fully as effective. Let the precinct man 
have prepared a map of his precinct and divide it 
up conveniently so that no man will have more 
territory in his neighborhood than he can easily 
cover, using mails, rivers, etc.. as boundary lines. 
Let each neighborhood man be held responsible 
for all voters in his section, covering it just as tin- 
block man covers his block, the precinct and town- 
ship men performing their duties as outlined 
above. 

There must be frequent meetings of the pre- 
cinct committees. Let them take their little mem- 
orandum books and discuss each doubtful voter in 
the precinct, tind out who his best Republican 
friend is. send him after him. etc. Then the pre 
cinct chairman, composing the township or ward 
committee, should hold frequent meetings to go 
over these points developed in the precinct meei 
ings. Offer a prize for the precinct man showing 
the biggest gain. 

A vigorous speaking campaign wascon- 
ducted and the meetings were more largely 
attended titan they bad ev T erbeen in an off 
year. There was no surprise when tin- 
election showed a Republican victory, but 
tin- magnitude of it staggered tin- most 



HISTOKY OF THE KEPUBLICAN PARTY 



sanguine leaders. The State was carried 
by tlic Republicans by 17,000 votes and 
every one of the thirteen Congressional 
districts went Republican while the leg- 
islature was heavily Republican in both 
branches. 

CAMPAIGN OF 1896. 

The campaign of L896 was memorable 
in Indiana tor many reasons. In the very 
beginning the party indulged ina factional 
quarrel which, in almost any other year, 
might have proved fatal to success. As 
the time for the re-organization meet- 
ings rolled around in February a very 
strong opposition developed to the re-elec- 
tion of Mr. Gowdy as chairman. He had 
conducted one unsuccessful and one very 
successful campaign. But some opposition 
to his methods developed and was fanned 
by circumstances into a warm warfare. 
So great was the interest in this contest 
that the district conventions in January 
were confined to the election of members 
of the State committee, the election of 
delegates to tlie National convention being 
postponed to later conventions. Alloppo- 
sition to Chairman (rowdy finally centered 
upon E. H. Nebeker as its candidate. 
though Mr. Nebeker was very loath to go 
into the contest. Three or four of the dis- 
trict conventions were so close that the 
election of district members of the com- 
mittee was determined by from one to 
three votes and even when the committee 
met a week later in Indianapolis, for or- 
ganization, it was not certain which side 
had won. The Senatorial question became 
somewhat involved in the fight. Op to a 
tew months before it had been generally 
understood that Mr. Fairbanks would he 
the next Senator if the Eepuhlicans carried 
the legislature iii 1896, hut at this time 
W. R. McKeen, of Terre Haute, became a 
candidate and his friends put together a 
~t rong organization for him. in the chair- 
manship contest, while neither of the 



candidates for Senator participated in the 
fight, a large number of Mr. Fairbanks' 
followers gravitated to the support of Mr. 
Gowdy, and those of Mr. McKeen were al- 
most solidly for Mr. Nebeker. In the or- 
ganization Mr. Gowdy secured eight of the 
thirteen members of the committee, and 
was elected chairman. 

The committee was composed of the fol- 
lowing members: 

First District, Samuel E. Kereheval, Rockport; 
Second District, John T. Lnrub. Bloomtield: Third 
District. Geo. W. Self. Corydou; Fourth District, 
James E. Caskey, Greensburg; Fifth District, N. 
Filbeck, Terre Haute: Sixth District, L. P. 
Mitchell. New Castle: Seventh District, J. W. 
Kesler. Indianapolis; Eighth District. Ceo. F. Mc- 
culloch. Muncie: Ninth District, Ambrose Moore 
Covington; Tenth District. T. .1. McCoy. Rensse- 
laer: Eleventh District. Geo. A. Osborn, Marion; 
Twelfth District. S. A. Wood. Angola; Thirteenth 
District, Geo. W. Holman, Rochester. The follow- 
ing officers were elected: John K. Gowdy, Chair- 
man; X. Filbeck, Vice-Chairman; Robert E. Mans- 
field, Secretary : James R. Henry. Treasurer. 
Chairman Gowdy appointed the following auxil- 
iary committees: Advisory— J. H. Claypool, In- 
dianapolis: O. M. Tiehenor. Princeton; Joseph Wil- 
son. Washington: Evan Prosser, New Albany; A 
E. Ndwlin. Lawrenceburg; Silas A. Hays. Green- 
castle; Charles F. Jones. Brookville; John F. Mc- 
Clure, Anderson; James II. Harris. Noblesville; 
Franklin R. Carson, I.aporte: Warren Bigler, Wa- 
bash: ('. R. Higgins. Fort Wayne: L. H. Beyerle. 
Goshen. Executive— Frank M. Millikau, Indian 
apolis; E. II. Nebeker, Covington: W. I. Overstreet, 
Terre Haute: A. W. Wishard, Indianapolis; II. 
P. Loveland, Peru; E. O. Hopkins. Evansville; W. 
H. Watson. Charlestown. 

At the meeting for organization the 
committee addressed a letter to General 
Harrison tendering its support if he should 
be a candidate for the Presidential nomi- 
nation. This brought a reply from Gen- 
eral Harrison declining under any circum- 
stances to accept the Presidential nomina- 
tion, and it was generally understood that 
if Harrison should not claim the allegiance 
of Indiana the State would go to McKin- 
ley. It was a part of the policy of Mr. 
McKinley's friends to have as many as 
possible State conventions declare in his 
favor before the National convention at 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



83 



St. Louis, and some letters from Chairman 
Growdy to Hon. Mark Hanna showing his 
active interest in this effort in Indiana and 
containing some remarks antagonistic to 
friends of General Harrison, created some- 
thing of a sensation. However, these let- 
ters were not made public until after the 
State convention held in May. After the 
convention the letters were published and 
a strenuous effort was made to oust Chair- 
man Gowdy from his position. He was 
not caught napping, however, and suc- 
ceeded by a narrow margin in controlling 
the committee. Later the issues of the 
campaign took such a terribly important 
trend that this factional quarrel was en- 
tirely laid aside and all Republicans joined 
iu the effort to win a victory. The State 
convention was an exciting one. It elected 
four delegates at large to the National 
convention, and these, with the district 
selections, made up the following delega- 
tion to St. Louis: 

Delegates at Large: CoL R. W. Thompson, 
Terre Haute; Gen. Lew Wallace, Oawfordsville; 
('. W. Fairbanks, Indianapolis, and F. M. Millikan, 
New Castle. Alternates at Large: Hiram Brown 
lee, Marion. R. T. McDonald. Fort Wayne: Geo. 
L. Kuox. Indianapolis, and E. (). Hopkins, Evans- 
vine. District Delegates: First District. Jas. B. 
McNeely, Evansville, and Jas. B. Gamble, Prince- 
ton; Second District. Nat I". Hill, Blooinington, 
and B. F. Folk. Freelandville: Third District. H. C. 
Hobbs, Salem, and John 'I'. Stout. Paoli; Fourth 
District. 0. II. Montgomery, Seymour, and A. E. 
Nowlin, Lawrenceburg; Fifth District. Taylor 
Reagan, Plainfield, and Jesse W. Weik, Green- 
castle; Sixth District. Elmer E. Stoner, Greenfield, 
and J. W. Ross. Connersville; Seventh District. 
Harry S. New, Indianapolis, and Joseph B. Seal- 
ing. Indianapolis: Eighth District. W. T. Durbin. 
Anderson, and T. H. Johnson. Dunkirk; Ninth Dis- 
trict. D. A. Coulter. Frankfort, and C. N. Williams. 
Crawfordsville: Tenth District. G. S. Van Dusen, 
Michigan City, and Cloyd Laughery, Monticello; 
Eleventh District. A. L. Lawshe, Converse, and 
Lewis Signs. North Manchester; Twelfth District. 
Frank S. Roby. Angola, and Chas. D. Law. Fort 
Wayne; Thirteenth District. A. L. Brick. South 
Bend, and J. H. Heatwole, Goshen. District alter- 
nates: First District. E. E. Lockwood. Foseyville. 
and Otto Kolb. Boonville; Second District. M. C. 
Stephenson, Worthington, and V. V. Williams, 
Bedford: Third District. John Zimmerman, Can- 



nelton, and .!. L. Fisher, Scottsburg; Fourth Dis- 
trict. W. G. Xorris, North Vernon, and Simon 
Beymer. Rising Sun: Fifth District. David Strouse 
Rockville, and A. J. Ralph, Dana: Sixth District, 
II. R. Lennard. Metamora, and Dr. T. C. Kennedy. 
Shelbyville; Seventh District, Wm. Kothe, Indian- 
apolis, and W. T. Thompson. Eclinburg: Eiciith 
District. L. G, Davenport. Bluffton, and B. W. 
Quinn, Decatur: Ninth District. James I'.. Johns. 
Tipton, and W. G. Darnell. Lebanon; Tenth Dis- 
trict, Elmer E. Bringham. G Hand, and Dr. Clark 

('■.ok. Fowler: Eleventh District. C. W. Watkins, 
Huntington, and Luther McDowell, Kokomo; 
Twelfth District, ('has. Sullivan. Garrett, and J. 
D. Farrell, La Grange; Thirteenth District. Alonzo 
Craig. North Judson, and Edwin Newton. Wina- 
niac. 

There were thirteen candidates for the 
Gubernatorial nomination, and this in it- 
self gave excitement enough. There were 
also the great questions of whether or not 
the convention should instruct for McKin- 
ley and what it should say upon the 
currency question. Luring 1S95 there 
had been a tremendous agitation in favor 
of free silver which was now coming to a 
head, and this question, which later caused 
so much trouble and a split for the Demo- 
cratic party, wasnot at all an easy one for 
the Republicans to handle in the beginning. 
The free silver sentiment had permeated 
their ranks not a little, and the State or- 
ganization was in favor of saying as little 
as possible on the subject. Some of the 
leaders, however, were demanding a frank 
avowal of the party's position in favor of 
the gold standard, and after a hard strug- 
gle succeeded in getting a rather firm de- 
claration on the subject. It was this ac- 
tion of Indiana, more than anything else, 
that strengthened the hands of the gold 
standard advocates at St. Louis and helped 
to obtain the right kind of a declaration 
in the National platform. 

The platform adopted was as follows: 

Your committee on resolutions beg leave to 
submit the following declaration of principles: 

It has been forty years since the Republican 
party was born. It was the child of conscience. 

It grew and became great in d 1 and achievement 

through the inspiration that comes from a true 



82 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



and lofty conception oi liberty and freedom, jus- 
tin- and equality, National integrity and National 
honor. 

The whole world knows the story of this Na- 
tion's matchless growth and development while it 
pursued the policy and was true to the principles 
of the Republican party. This story is written in 
lield and forest, in factory and in mine, in count- 
ing house and home, and in every avenue of hu- 
man endeavor. 

It tells of the suppression of the rebellion; of 
the enfranchisement of the slaves; of the recon- 
struction of the States; of the restoration of our 
credit: of the sacred recognition of our National 
obligations; of the rapid extinguishment of the 
National debt: of the extension of our National 
domain; id' the establishment of countless diver- 
sified industries and of a domestic and foreign 
trade that reached a magnitude that excited at 
once tlm amazement and admiration of all 
Christendom, in short from the beginning of the 
administration of Abraham Lincoln to the close of 
that of Benjamin Harrison, the record of the Re- 
publican party is the story of loyalty, of patriotism 
ami id' magnificent achievement. 

The experience of the last three years brings 
out in a clearer light the excellence of the splendid 
administration of our fellow-citizen. Benjamin 
Harrison, an administration under which we at- 
tained a measure id' prosperity unequaled in the 
history of the Government. 

The Republican party is the party of honesty 
and prosperity, of law and order, of good wages. 
good markets and good money, and it asks the 
confidence and suppori id' the people at this time, 
submitting for their approval the following state- 
ments of principles ami policies which will con- 
tinue to guide and inspire its efforts: 

The Republicans of Indiana are in favor of 
protection. 

We demand a tariff that will not only secure 
the necessary amount of revenue, but will also 
afford adequate and certain protection to the wage- 
workers .and producers of this country. 

We demand that the American sellers shall 
have the first chance in American markets. From 
Lincoln to Harrison, under a wise policy of pro- 
tection and reciprocity, we steadily decreased our 
bonded debt, resumed specie payment, maintained 
the public credit, kept unimpaired the gold re- 
serve, increased the wealth of the whole country, 
and added to the comfort and happiness of the 
people td a degree unparalleled in the history of 
nations. The reversal of this beneficent and pa- 
triotic policy by the Democratic party lias brought 
to the A rican people nothing but distrust, defi- 
cit ami disaster. 

We therefore demand a return to the sound 
Republican party of protection and reciprocity. 



We are firm and emphatic in our demand for 

honest money. We belli ve that our money should 
noi be inferior to the money of the most enlight- 
ened nations of the earth. 

We are unalterably opposed to every scheme 
that threatens to debase or depreciate our cur- 
rency. 

We favor the use of silver in currency, but to 
the extent only and under such regulations that its 
parity with gold can be maintained: ami in con- 
sequence are opposed to the free, unlimited and 
independent coinage of silver at a ratio of L6 to 1. 

We demand a rigid enforcement of al! existing 
immigration laws by the National Government 
and tin' enactment of such further legislation as 
will the better protect our people against the in- 
flux of the criminal and vicious classes of foreign 
countries. 

We believe in a liberal construction of our 
pension laws and condemn the unjust and unfair 
policy of the present administration in depriving 
ex-soldiers of their pensions without notice and 
without a hearing upon charges tiled against them. 

We believe it to be the duty id' the State, as 
well as the Nation, to make suitable provision for 
the care and maintenance of all unfortunate sol- 
diers, I heir wives and widows, and we. therefore, 
commend the act of the last legislature of Indiana 
in providing a suitable home for the reception of 
such soldiers, their wives and widows, as may be 
overtaken by adversity. 

Believing as we do in a protective tariff, the 
leading issue before the people, we favor the nom- 
ination its President of the United States, of the 
man who perfectly represents a protective tariff 
and the cardinal principles of the Republican 
party; a man who has devoted his life to the de- 
fense of his country in war and in peace; one who, 
at seventeen, fought with Hayes and Crook and 
Sheridan at Antietam and in the Shenandoah in 
defense of our flag against foes within, and for 
fourteen years in Congress contended against our 
country's foes from without, beating back British 
free trade and aggression which finally, under the 
present Democratic administration, obtained pos- 
session of our markets and litis almost destroyed 
our industries; a man who with the resistless 
shibboleth, "protection and prosperity." hits chal- 
lenged the attention of the commercial world, and 
won the support of every patriotic workingman of 
our country; whose life and work, open as a book, 
tire in themselves a platform, and whose very 
name is magic, that loyal American citizen, soldier, 
statesman and Christian gentleman. William Mc- 
Kinley, of Ohio; and the delegates to the Repub- 
lican National convention selected by this body are 
directed to cast their vote for William MoKinley 
as frequently and continuously as there is any 

hop,' of his nomination. 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



The following State ticket was nomi- 
nated: 

Governor — James A. Mount, Montgomery. 

Lieutenant-Governor — W. S. Haggard, Tippeca- 
noe. 

Secretary of State — Wm. D. Owen. Cass. 

Auditor of State— A. C. Daily. Boone. 

Treasurer of State — F. J. Scholz, Vanderburg. 

Attorney-General — "W '. A. Ketcham, Marion. 

Reporter of Supreme Court— Charles F. Remy, 
Bartholomew. 

Superintendent of Public lust met ion— I). M. 
Geeting. Jefferson. 

State Statistician— I. .1. Thompson. Shelby. 

Judges of Appellate Court— TJ. Z. Wiley. Benton; 
D. W. Comstook, Wayne: W. J. Henley. Rush; 
James B. Black. Marion, and W. D. Robinson. Gib- 
son. 

The following Congressional nominees 
were named by the district conventions, a 
general reapportionment of the State for 

Congressional purposes having been made 
during the previous legislature: 

First District, .lames A. 1 1. men way: Second 
District, A. M. Hardy; Third District, Robert .1. 
Tracewell; Fourth District, Manns R, Sulzer; 
Fifth District. Geo. W. Faris; Sixth District, 
Henry I". Johnson; Seventh District, Jesse Over- 
street; Eighth District, Charles I.. Henry; Ninth 
District, Charles P.. Landis; Tenth District. E. D. 
Crumpacker; Eleventh District, Ceo. w. Steele; 
Twelfth District. .7. D. I. eighty: Thirteenth Dis- 
trict. L. W. Royse. 

The Lincoln League organization for 
the campaigu was made up of the follow- 
ing: 

President, A. M. Higgins, Terre Haute: Secre- 
tary. J. .7. Higgins. Indianapolis; Treasurer. It. H. 
Richards, Spencer. District Managers: First 
District. Charles V. Jean. Evansville: Second Dis- 
trict. Arthur M. Hadley, Bloornington; Third Dis- 
trict. Joseph Poutch, New Albany; Fourth Dis- 
trict. T. I,. Larue, Greensburg; Fifth District, .1. 
D. Hogate, Danville: Sixth District. W. s. Mont- 
gomery, Greenfield; Seventh District. E. A. Mc- 
Alpine, Franklin: Eighth District. V. V. Morgan. 
Anderson: Ninth District. McClure Tate. NTobles- 
ville; Eleventh District. John O'Hara. Peru: Twelfth 
District. William Millet. Fort Wayne: Thirteenth 
District. C. B. Bentley. Warsaw. 

The compaign was one of the most in- 
tense feeling. Before it got fair] y started 
it was seen by all men that the currency 
issue was the only one the people would 
talk about. The old Alliance party had 



gradually developed into the Populisl party 

which had Ion- before declared for free 
silver. The Democrats, in their National 
conventionat Chicago, after much turmoil, 
likewise declared for tree silver and nomi- 
nated Bryan. A month later those Demo 
crats believing in the gold standard met in 
National convention at Indianapolis and 
put a. ticket in the Held. The gold Demo- 
crats organized a State committee with 
county committees in every comity in 
Indiana. The Populists, in their National 
convention, had adopted a platform of their 
own ami endorsed the Democratic ticket. 
In Indiana, however, they nominated a 
State ticket of their own and put Presi- 
dential electors in tlie field. However, 
they appointed a committee of thirteen 
with plenary powers to represent the party 
in negotiations with the older parties. 

This simply meant that the Populist 
party was for sale, so far as the committee 
of thirteen could handle it. and a large 
portion of the energies of both the older 
parties was devoted to this subject, the Re- 
publicans endeavoring to keep the Popu- 
list ticket in the field and the Democrats 
endeavoring to get them out of the way. 
Thei'e were charges of corruption and of 
bribes offered on both sides, hut apparently 
the Democrats got the better of the auc- 
tion, for after many conferences a com- 
bined Populist and Democratic electoral 
ticket was put in the field. Some of the 
nominees on the Populist State ticket, how- 
ever, declined to get out of the way. The 
most powerful factor in the Republican 
campaign was the tour of the State made 
by General Harrison in which he delivered 
over fifty speeches. The campaign was 
most vigorously prosecuted, both in speech- 
making and in the routine political work, 
hut so great was the shifting of party lines 
upon the new issue that nobody felt certain 
of victory until the votes were counted 
out. It was then found that the Repub- 
licans had carried the State on the Presi- 
dential ticket by nearly I s . • votes and 



S4 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



on the State ticket by about 26,000. This 
difference marked the strength of the 

Populist vote in the State. The party did 
not again succeed in electing all the Con- 
gressional nominees hut they elected Mr. 
Hemenway in the First District, Mr. 
Kaiis in the Fifth. Mr. Johnson in the 
Sixth. Mr. Overstreet in the Seventh, Mr. 
Henry in the Eighth. Mr. Landis in the 
Ninth, Mr. Crumpacker in the Tenth, 
Mr. Steele iii the Eleventh and Mr. Royse 
in the Thirteenth. 

The regular campaign was no sooner 
over than the Senatorial contest began to 
assume interesting proportions. Mr. Fair- 
hanks had been the nominee of the party 
when Senator Turpie was elected in 1893 
and ever since that time the party organi- 
zation had been controlled by his friends. 
Nevertheless Mr. McKeen made a very 
earnest fight for the election and acquired 
considerable strength. Judge R. S. Tay- 
lor, of Ft. Wayne, and Gen. Lew Wallace 
were also announced as candidates, but 
made little or no canvass. It became ap- 
parent, however, two or three weeks be- 
fore the caucus was held, that Mr. Fair- 
banks easily had a majority, and he was 
elected with much enthusiasm. 



CAMPAIGN OF 1898. 

With the incoming of the McKinley ad- 
ministration in 1897 Chairman Gowdy, 
who had so ably handled the State com- 
mittee during three campaigns, went to 
Paris as ( 'onsul-General and the committee 
elected George F. McCulloch, of Muncie, 
as his successor. Mr. McCulloch had 
never appeared in State politics until the 
spring of 1896, but he was at once recog- 
nized as one of the strongest leaders in the 
State and when, a few weeks before the 
regular reorganization of the party, he 
announced that he could not accept the 
chairmanship, the announcement was re- 
ceived with general regret. 



At the organization meetings the fol- 
lowing members of the State committee 
were elected : 

First District, Geo. A. Cunningham, Evans- 
ville; Second District, Jus. E. Henley, Blooming- 
ton; Third District. Geo. W. Self. Corydon; Fourth 
District. Thos. McNutt, Madison; Fifth District, 
X. Fill nek. Terre Haute; Sixth District. Miles R. 
Mullen. Connersville; Seventh District. Harry S. 
New, Indianapolis: Eighth District. Myron L. 
Chase, Dunkirk; Ninth District, Fred A. Sims, 
Frankfort: Tenth District. Thus. J. McCoy, Rens- 
selaer; Eleventh District. Warren Bigler, Wabash; 
Twelfth District. W. J. Vesey, Port Wayne; Thir- 
teenth District. Elmer Crockett. South Bend. 

When the committee met for organiza- 
tion in Indianapolis there was some dan- 
ger of a reappearance of the factional 
trouble that had caused so much disturb- 
ance two years before, but some of the 
wiser heads in the committee suggested 
the name of Charles S. Hernley, of New 
Castle, for the chairmanship and it was at 
once realized that he, more than any other 
man. would be able to bring about har- 
monious and vigorous work. He was 
unanimously elected chairman; Warren 
Bigler was made vice-chairman; S. H. 
Spooner secretary, and H. W. Bennett 
treasurer. Chairman Hernley appointed 
the following committees: 

Executive— Eugene H. Ruudy, Newcastle; R. 
O. Hawkins, Indianapolis: Enos II. Xeheker, Cov- 
ington: E. (). Hopkins. Evansville; Geo. F. Mc- 
Culloch. Muncie; W. It. McKeen, Terre Haute; 
Chas. R. Dane. Fort Wayne. 

Advisory— Otto Kolb, Boonville; Thomas H. 
Adams. Yincennos; Chas. AY. McGuire, New 
Albany; Arthur Overstreet. Columbus; Joseph H. 
Homan. Danville; Chas. V. Jones, Brook ville; John 
B. Cockrum. Indianapolis; James AY. Sale, Bluff- 
ton; John C. Wingate, Wingate; Geo. P. Heywood, 
Lafayette; Will II. Hart. Huntington; Joseph S. 
Conlogue, Kendallville; Rollo B. Oglesbee, Ply- 
mouth. 

In February the Lincoln League reor- 
ganized as the "Indiana State League of 
Republican Clubs" with the following 
officers: 

F J resident, F. E. Holloway, Anderson; Vice- 
President, J. W. Egnew, LaGro; Secretary, Wm. W. 
Huffman, Anderson; Treasurer, A. W. Bruner. 
Paoli. 



>F THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



85 



Executive Committee. — W. J. Vesey, Ft. Wayne; 

C. W. McGuire, New Albany; Andrew J. Clark, 
Evansville; Leopold G. Rothschild. Indianapolis; J. 
W. Thompson. Winchester; Alvin M. Higgins, Terre 
Haute; Philo Q. Doran, LaPorte. 

District Managers — First, W. C. Zaring, Evans- 
ville; second. J. McD. Huff. Washington; third. J. 

D. Poutch, New Albany; fourth, W. S. Mathews, 
North Vernon; fifth, Geo. W. Kreitenstein, Terre 
Haute; sixth, Chas. H. Tindall, Shelbyvillejueventb., 
Al. W. Moore, Indianapolis; eighth, A. E. Needham. 
Muncie; ninth. I. N. Waugh, Tipton; tenth. Daniel 

E. Storms, LaFayette; eleventh, John W. O'Hara, 
Peru; twelfth. H. VV. L. Tenbrook, Ft. Wayne; thir- 
teenth, Geo. A. Kurtz, South Bend. 

Advisory Committee — John G. Mason, Evans- 
ville; Grant Mitchener, Valparaiso; John Watts, 
Marion; George P. Hey wood, LaFayette; Thos. 0. 
Kennedy, Shelby ville; A. F. Knotts, Hammond; 
Ward H. Watson, Charlestown; Russell M. Seeds, 
Indianapolis; E. E. Neal, Noblesville; John R. Bon- 
nell, Crawfordsville; Netter G. Worthington. Evans- 
ville; George F. McCulloch, Richmond; Chas. E. 
Shiveley, Richmond; A. M. Bain. Martinsville. 

The State convention was held in May 
and the following platform was adopted: 

The Republicans of Indiana, in State conven- 
tion assembled, congratulate the Nation on its 
return to Republican rule, which furnishes a sure 
guaranty of stability and prosperity to all our in- 
stitutions, and a comparison that gives little hope 
of a return to power of the parly of calamity and 
distress. 

While we sincerely deplore the necessity of 
war, we believe the President anil Congress acted 
wisely in demanding the complete withdrawal of 
Spanish sovereignty from the island of Cuba and 
in proceeding to enforce the demand with the mil 
itary and naval power of the Government. And 
now that our army and navy have blessed our 
Nation with triumphs not excelled in the world's 
history, rendering many names illustrious and im- 
mortal, ami adding prestige and glory, limited only 
by civilization, to our great Republic, the occasion 
is one of supreme gratitude to the great Ruler of 
nations. 

We extend to the brave men on land anil sea. 
who have gone forth to battle for the glory of our 
flag and the cause of human liberty, our deepest 
sympathy on account of the sacrifices they have 
made and the hardships they are called upon to 
endure, and our war st praise for their uncon- 
querable valor. 

We honor, congratulate and applaud our coun- 
try's heroes, who have once more proved the 
matchless intelligence, devotion and coinage of 
American manhood. They have proved to the world 
that the United Slates is a Nation, one and indi- 
visible, without sections and without classes, 



whose purpose is "to deal justly, love mercy and 
walk humbly before God." 

We felicitate the country on tile fact that. 
when, in the exigencies of war, it became neces 
sary to issue $200,000,000 of Government bonds, 
to meet the extraordinary expenditures, a Repub- 
lican administration had the good sense and wis 
dom to put (lie loan within the easy reach of the 
1 pie, where it has been wholly absorbed, fur- 
nishing a splendid security for their savings, 
awakening a new interest in the permanency ot 
our Coverimi.ni and the soundness of iis financial 
system. 

We most cordially approve the administration 
of President McKinley. 

He lias mel the unusually grave and difficult 
questions which have arisen since his incumbency 
of the Presidential office in a manner so wise and 
patriotic as to Challenge the admiration of all par- 
tics at home, and to win the approval of the best 
1 pie throughout the civilized world. 

We especially commend his conservative and 
patriotic course in earnestly hoping and nego- 
tiating fur peace, while yet prudently preparing 
for war. And we further express our mosl earnest 
approval of his vigorous prosecution id' the war 
and our entire confidence in his ability to secure 
such terms of peace, now happily near at hand, 
as will advance human liberty and comport with 
the dignity and honor of the American people. 

The Republicans of Indiana are unreservedly 
for sound money, and are. therefore, opposed to 
the heresy to which the Democratic party is 
wedded— Of the free and unlimited coinage of both 
gold and silver at the ratio of Id to 1 — which we 
regard as absolutely certain to debase our money 
and destroy our private and public credit and 
cause general business disaster. 

We recognize the necessity of comprehensive 
and enlightened monetary legislation, and we be- 
lieve that tlie declaration in the St. Louis National 
Republican platform for the maintenance of the 
gold standard and the parity of all our forms of 
money should lie given the vitality of public law, 
and the money of the American people should be 
made like all its institutions— the best in the 
world. 

We especially commend the President and 
Congress for the prompt passage of a wise revenue 
law, in accordance with the sound Republican 
doctrine of reciprocity and protection to American 
industries and home labor, and express our tin 
bounded confidence in the beneficial results pre- 
dicted for this measure by our party leaders, evi- 
dences of which are daily accumulating in tin' 
way of renewed business prosperity and amide 
revenue for ordinary governmental expenditures. 

We. therefore, reaffirm our belief in the doc- 
trine of reciprocity and protection to American 



86 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PART'S 

labor ;iml home industries, and condemn tbe Hem field, at an expense of over two hundred thousand 

ocratic doctrine of tariff Cor revenue only as un- dollars ($200,000) ; the laws have been enforced and 

sound .-iiiil unsuited to the besl interests of the the uame of Indiana honored throughout the land, 
country: a doctrine whose falsity lias been demon- In 1895-97, for the lirsl time since 1883, owing 

strated by our experience under the Wilson reve- to the vicious system of enacting apportionment 

oue bill, thai plunged the country into commercial laws, whereby the minority might still control the 

and financial distress, from which it is fast recov- majority, the Republican party found itself in 

ering since the change from that Democratic condition to legislate for the state, anil the laws 

policy. thai i( wisely enacted, and the other measures 

We hold in undying honor the soldiers and which it still more wisely refused to pass, consti- 

sailors whose valor saved the life id' the Nation, tute an epoch in legislation (hat is tin enduring 

and those who were hut recently called lo arms in monument in the faithfulness and intelligence of 

vindication of their country's honor and the cause the party which the Fifth-ninth and Sixtieth (ieu- 

of human liberty. .lust and liberal pensions to all era! Assemblies represented. 

deserving soldiers are a sacred debl id' the Nation. Among the many wise and just measures of 

and the widows and orphans of those who tire legislation thai stand on the statute books as the 

dead are entitled to the care of a generous .and result of the labors of those two General Assem- 

grateful people. blies .are the acts creating a labor commission. 

Having achieved iis manhood, the Republic, providing a means for the settlement of disputes 
under God, is entering upon iis greaiest period of between employers and employes by arbitration; 
power, happiness .and responsibility. Realizing the abolishing the prison contract system, taking con- 
mighty future of wealth, prosperity and duty. vicl Labor out of competition with free labor, pro 
which is even now upon n,. we favor Jie extern viding tor factory inspection, and the protection 
sion of American trade; the reformation of our f ,1,,. ijves an d health of operatives, and prohibit- 
consular service accordingly; the encouragement ing the employment of child labor; providing saf e- 
by all legitimate means of the American mercham guards in Hie auditing of public expenditures! 
marine: the creation of a navy as powerful as our complying with the constitutional mandate thai 
commerce shall be extensive, and for public de- the penal codes should be founded on principles of 
tense and security and the establishment of coal reformation and not of vindictive justice; provid- 
ing stations and naval rendezvous wherever neces- j,,„ f,,,. t lit ■ protection of ilie people against incom 
sary. patent and inefficient professional men; making 

We most heartily approve the wisdom of the permanent in county and extending to State offi- 

annexntion of lite Hawaiian islands as a wise cials the provision that officers shall be paid ac- 

measure, and recommend the early construction of cording to their services, and not constitute a bur- 

the Xicaragu.au canal under the immediate direc- den on the people by reason of excessive fees and 

lion ami exclusive control of the United States salaries; the taking of the benevolent institutions 

Government, the importance and necessity of the out of the purview of partisan politics, whereby 

canal having been emphasized by recent events the poor and unfortunate wards of the State are 

connected with the present war with Spain. assured competent and humane treatment, and. 

We favor the enaciiiieni and enforcement of above all. the enactment id' tin honest, fair and 

laws restricting and preventing the immigration constitutional apportionment law. These acts em- 

of such undesirable foreign population as is pre- phasize and illustrate the intelligence and integrity 

judicial to free American labor. of the Fifty-ninth and Sixtieth General Assem- 

We indorse the record id' Senator Fairbanks, blies. and we congratulate the Republican party 

who, by his wise and patriotic counsel and cour- and the people of the State on their action. 
ageous ability, aided the President and served his Relieving that there is need of reform in 

country with marked distinction and great honor county and township government, and Unit a vast 

lo our Slate. saving of the public money can be made by better 

We commend and congratulate the Republican methods, we favor early and thorough revision 

Congressional delegation upon the high standard of the laws on this subject, to the end that the peo- 

of ability manifested by them and the conspicuous l >1< • of Indiana may have the besl and most eco- 

station they have taken in National legislation. nomicai managemenl of local affairs. 

We commend the wise and economical admin- We favor, as a supplement to our present elec- 

istration of Governor Mount and the Republican 'ion law. the enactment by the next legislature ot 

State officials, under which, wilh a reduction of such a primary election law as will secure to the 

25 per centum in the State t.ax rate within Hi,, last people a full and free expression in the selection 

eighteen months, nine hundred and twenty thou- of their candidates for office. 

sand dollars ($920,000) of the State debt 1ms 1 t, 

discharged; an army of over seven thousand llu ' following State ticket was noini- 

(7.000) men has been equipped and placed m the Hated: 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



Secretary of State — Union B. Hunt. Randolph, 

Auditor of State— W. H. Hart, Clinton. 

Treasurer of State — Leopold Levy, Huntington. 

Attorney-General — W. L. Taylor, Marion. 

Cleric of the Supreme Court— R. A. Brown, John- 
son. 

Judges of the Supreme Court — Alexander Dowl- 
ing. Francis E. Baker, and John V. Hadley. 

Judges of the Appellate Court— U. Z. Wiley. 
Benton; D. W. Comstock. Wayne; W. J. Henley. 
Rush; James B. Black, Marion; W. 1>. Robinson. 
Gibson. 

State Geologist— W. 8. Blatchley. Vigo. 

State Statistician — John B. Conner. Marion. 

Tlu* following- candidates for Congress 
were nominated by the district conven- 
tions : 

First District, James A. Hemenway; Second 
District. W. R. Gardine; Third District, Isaac 
Whitesides; Fourth District. Charles \V. Lee; 
Fifth District. Geo. W. Faris; Sixth District. 
James F. Watson; Seventh District, Jesse Over- 
street; Eighth District. Geo. W. Cromer; Ninth 
District. Charles B. I.andis; Tenth District, E. D. 
Crumpacker; Eleventh District. Geo. W. Steele. 
Twelfth District. Christian I'.. Sienien: Thirteenth 
District. A. L. Brick. 

The Spanish war attracted public atten- 
tion to such a degree that it was difficult 
to interest the people in political meetings, 
and both parties were a hit alarmed by the 
slender attendance that greeted their pub- 
lic speakers. However, the routine work 
of the party was well and thoroughly at- 
tended, and the State organization was 
largely assisted by the executive committee 
of the Indianapolis monetary convention 
under the leadership of H. H. Hanna. 
While the operations of this committee ex- 
tended throughout the country, they were 
very effective in Indiana. Its method 
was purely a letter writing campaign, 
calling the attention of business men to 
the serious nature of the issues involved 
and exciting their interest. There was 
never at any time much doubt about the 
success of the party during this campaign, 
and when the votes were counted out in 
Novemher it was found that the Republi- 
cans had carried the State by over 1.7,000. 
The following members of Congress were 
elected: Hemeuwav in the First District. 



Faris in the fifth, Watson in the Sixth. 
Overstreet in the Seventh. Cromer in the 
Eighth. Landis in the Ninth, Crumpacker 
in the Tenth. Steele in the Eleventh and 
Brick in the Thirteenth. 

The legislature was Republican in both 
branches, and there was a Senator to elect. 
This question of Senatorship had been kept 
entirely in the hack ground during the 
campaign, but as soon as it was over five 
candidates appeared in the field: 

Messrs. R. S. Taylor. Fort Wayne: Geo. 
W. Steele. .Marion: J. Frank Hanley, La- 
Fayette; Frank B. Posey. Evansville. and 
Albert J. Beveridge, Indianapolis. 

Memhers were not in a hurry to obli- 
gate themselves, hut the surprising feature 
of the campaign at the start was the won- 
derful strength developed by Mr. Hanlev, 
of LaFayette. Mr. Hanley was a young 
man and the only offices he had held were 
those of the State legislature and member 
of Congress. The contest attracted people 
from all over the State and the Denison 
House at Indianapolis was a very busy 
scene for two weeks before the caucus. 
It was soon realized that it was a case of 
Hanley against the held, hut there seemed 
no possibility of the Held consolidating 
upon any of the four candidates. Upon 
the night of the caucus the first ballot gave 
Hanlev thirty-two votes; Taylor, nineteen; 
Steele, eleven; Posey, fourteen, and Bever- 
idge, thirteen. Through eleven ballotsMr. 
Hanley's strength stood together, though 
he grew hut slightly. His highest vote 
was thirty-seven on the ninth ballot, with 
forty-five necessary to a choice, hut on the 
hist ballot he still had thirty-six votes. 
Beveridge's strength gradually "lew from 
the first ballot until on the tenth he had 
twenty-eight votes. Upon the eleventh 
ballot Messrs. Taylor and Steele withdrew 
and Mr. Beveridge was nominated with 
forty-eight votes. The news was received 
with great rejoicing throughout the State 
and no man ever entered this high office 
with better auspices. 



REPUBLICAN STATE GOVERNMENT. 



M( )KT( >N'S ADMINISTRATION. 

SINCE its organization the Republican 
party lias had control of the State ad- 
ministration i>t' Indiana somewhat more 
than half the time, and very nearly all 
there is of good in the annals of the State 
since 1860 is attributable to it. The 
party first came into power in 1S60, when 
Lane was elected Governor and Morton 
Lieutenant-Governor, with a Republican 
legislature. Governor Lane was elected 
to the Senate and in accordance with an 
ante-convention agreement immediately 
resigned the Governorship and Oliver P. 
Morton took the direction of affairs. 
This, the first Republican State adminis- 
tration, was by far the most eventful thai 
the State has had. Morton proved one of 
the strongest men that America has pro- 
duced and his famous sentence. "I am the 
State.'" was thoroughly vindicated during 
the last half of his administration. The 
Civil Warbroke out shortly after he took 
his seat, and though the State was heavily 
burdened with debt and the Governor's 
office was embarrassed in many ways, so 
great was Morton's energy and ability to 
overcome obstacles that Indiana imme- 
diately came to the front as one of the 
most active and patriotic States of the 
Union in furnishing and equipping troops 
for the suppression of the Rebellion. The 
general Government was not yet prepared 
for equipping the vast number of volun- 
teers that it called for and the States thus 
equipped their troops and waited for re- 
imbursement by the National Government. 
Then, as now. all officers of the line among 
the volunteer troops were appointed and 
commissioned by the Governors of the 
States from which the troops came. and. as 
regiment after regiment was organized 
and senl to the front, this work of select- 
ing officers was in itself an enormous task. 
Morton permitted neither favoritism nor 
political influence to interfere with the 



selection of men that he deemed best quali- 
fied for military leadership, and. after a 
very few mistakes at the beginning, he 
soon came to exercise an almost unerring 
judgment in the selection of military offi- 
cers. During the first half of hisadminis- 
tration the legislature was Republican, and 
he had no trouble in having the proper 
credits voted for supplies. In order that 
the State troops might be equipped with 
more facility he established a State ar- 
senal and managed it so well that the en- 
terprise proved very profitable. When the 
Kirby-Smith raid came from Kentucky he 
organized a home militia, called the In- 
diana Legion, and purchased arms on credit 
to equip it. As may be imagined, all this 
was not done without difficulty. Morton 
was in the field before the Governor of 
Ohio got fairly started and these three- 
months men served with valor in the West 
Virginia campaign. Morton was anxious 
to have them re -enlist, but his hopes were 
blighted by the long delay and trouble in 
having the men mustered out. Then, when 
more volunteers were called for. but four 
regiments were apportioned to Indiana, 
while Morton was eager to have six. Af- 
ter the disaster at Bull Run the difficulties 
in having troops accepted were over and 
new regiments were rapidly organized. 
By the 6th of January, 1862, the State had 
contributed to the Federal army forty-eight 
regiments of infantry, twelve regiments 
of cavalry and seventeen batteries, a total 
of 53,035 men, but Morton's activities were 
not confined to the duty of raising and equip- 
ment of troops. Notwithstanding the fact 
that a part of the population of Indiana 
was tired with loyal enthusiasm, a very 
large portion of the inhabitants sympa- 
thized with the South, and when the Ken- 
tucky neutrality movement started, it re- 
quired all Morton's common sense and 
strength of purpose to break up the scheme 
for a zone of neutral States along the 
border. But even more difficult than this 



OF THE STATE OF INDIAN \. 



89 



to deal with was the "Copperhead" ele- 
ment at home. The loyalty of a very 
large section of the Indiana. Democracy 
was not only questioned, hut very ques- 
tionable, as subsequent events have shown, 
while such leaders as Voorhees and Hen- 
dricks, who were apparently engaged in 
masterly inactivity, were more or less in 
active sympathy with the various con- 
spiracies that nourished under the succes- 
sive names of "Knights of the Golden 
Circle " and "Sons of Liberty." 

When the Democratic convention mel 
on January 8, 1862, Hendricks sounded 
the keynote in a speech that foreshadowed 
the Northwestern conspiracy: 

Tin' pride and -lory of the past Stand side by 

side wiih the humiliation and debasemenl of the 
present. * * * Fanaticism, bigotry and sec- 
tional hatred are doing tin' work of evil upon a 
great, generous ami noble people. * * * Docs 
mil l he sobbing voice of civil liberty, coming from 
out the ruins id' a violated Constitution, call us to 
the rescue'.' * * * Can we as patriots, without 
an effort to save it, surrender our country 'to a 
party whose history thus far is written in failure, 
corruption and public ruin? * * * We are now 
being so crushed thai it we ami our children are 
not to become the hewers of wood and drawers of 
water for I he capitalists of New England ami 
Pennsylvania, we must look to the interests of our 
section, and for the first time in my life, I intend 
to speak as a sectional man. * * * To encour- 
age and stimulate the people of the South in the 
production of their peculiar commodities, that they 
may be large buyers from us. has been, and so 
long as "grass grows and water runs" will lie. tin- 
true interest of the Northwest; and the political 
party thai would destroy thai market is our great- 
est foe. 

Most earnestly, then, do 1 call upon the men of 
Indiana to consider what President Lincoln seems 
to favor, what Cameron urges, what the Repub- 
lican members of Congress in caucus have deter- 
mined upon, and what bills now pending in Con- 
gress contemplate, the freedom of the negroes in 
the rebel Slates, in a word the destruction of 
Southern labor and the ruin forever of our rich 
trade and the value of our products. * * * 

The tirst and highest interest of the Northwest 
is in the restoration and preservation of the Union 
upon the basis of the Constitution, and the dee]) 
devotion of her Democracy to the cause of the 
Union is shown by its fidelity in the past; tint if 
the failure and folly and wickedness of the party 
in potver render a Union impossible, then the 



miijhtij Northwest must tak< care of herself and 

her men interests. She hum nut allow the arts 
and finesse of New England to despoil her of her 
richest commerce and trade by a sectional and sel- 
fish policy- Eastern lust of power, commerce and 
gain. 

The campaign of 1862 resulted disas- 
trously to the Republicans and brought in 
a Democratic legislature that filled all the 
minor elective State offices with Demo- 
crats. The troubles of Morton redoubled. 
In the legislature violent opposition to him 
developed at once. The House declined to 
receive his annual message. Bitterness 
was increased in a fight over the election 
of Senators. Jesse 1). Bright had died and 
Morton had appointed ex-Gov. Wright, 
a war Democrat, to till out his unexpired 
term. The Democrats nominated Turpie 
for the short term and Hendricks for the 
long term, as successor of Bright. The 
Republicans of the Semite endeavored to 
break a quorum by absenting themselves, 
lint the Democrats had the undoubted right 
to elect, and after a short struggle the Re- 
publicans returned to their places and the 
election proceeded. Then followed a series 
of attacks upon the financial administra- 
tion of the State which were produc- 
tive of nothing. A number of arrests 
had been made for resisting the draft, 
discouraging enlistments and other dis- 
loyal practices and the legislature ap- 
pointed a committee of inquiry upon 
these military arrests. The report of 
this committee went to the verge of 
treason and a number of hills were intro- 
duced to punish arbitrary arrests, hut they 
came to nothing. Scores of grotesque 
resolutions were put forward, some of them 
containing propositions for an armistice. 
others for the withdrawal of the emanci- 
pation proclamation and others for peace 
conventions. ( >ne declared that the con- 
scription law was subversive of State 
sovereignty, and that its enforcement 
should he resisted. This exhibition of dis- 
loyalty on the part of the legislature 
brought forth the strongest kind of 



90 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



protests from the troops in the field. The 

climax was reached when a military lull 
was introduced taking the control of the 
military forces of the State out of the hands 
of the Governor and placing it in an exe- 
cutive board, composed of the Secretary of 
State. Auditor. Treasurer and Attorney- 
General, all of whom were Democrats, and 
some of whom, as subsequent events 
proved, were traitors to the Union cause. 
To prevent the passage of this hill the Re- 
publican members of the House withdrew 
to .Madison, lnd. There were negotiations 
for return in order to pass the appropria- 
tion hills, hut they came to nothing. The 
Democrats would not appropriate a penny 
unless they were permitted to pass the 
military bill. Jt was then that Morton 
proceeded upon tlie theory that he was the 
State and carried on the State government 
until the campaign of 1864 produced a Re- 
publican legislature. The precedent had 
been set by Governor Willard that the in- 
terest upon the State debt could he paid 
without specific appropriation and that the 
appropriations for State institutions made 
by tlie last preceding legislature should 
continue in force upon the failure of any 
legislature to appropriate. Attorney-Gen- 
eral Hord rendered an opinion upon the re- 
quest of State Auditor Ristine declaring 
this practically illegal and the Auditor re- 
fused to draw warrants for these payments. 
A collusive suit and decision by the Demo- 
cratic Supreme Court was carried through 
in the hope of forcing Morton to call an 
extra session of the legislature, hut he 
declined to do it. knowing that the military 
hill must he the price of any concession in 
the way of appropriations. Morton ob- 
tained an advance of $250,000 from the 
Federal Government for the purpose of con- 
ducting the military operations of tlie 
State. In his effort to pay the interest on 
the State deht Morton was balked for a 
considerable time by the refusal of John 
( '. Walker, who had been selected as State 
agent by the legislature, to give informa- 



tion as to whi i the credit' irsof the State were. 
In 1865 the Governor finally ohtained the 
list of the State's creditors from the Audi- 
tor of the State and the banking firm of 
Winslow. Lanier & Co.. of New York. 

advanced *<',4n. for the payment of 

this interest. 

Morton appointed a bureau of finance, 
with W. H. Terrell atitshead, and through 
this bureau he made collections and dis- 
bursements for conducting the State gov- 
ernment and the military operations of the 
State. Some of the money he borrowed 
upon his personal responsibility. Some 
was advanced by the Federal Government. 
Some was advanced by the counties of the 
State upon an appeal from the Governor. 
Some of it was the profits of the State ar- 
senal which the legislature of 1863 had 
fortunately declined to accept as property 
of the State. 

But the greatest difficulty with winch 
Morton had to deal was treason in high 
places. Indiana seemed tobethehead and 
center of the treasonable organization, and 
the plots permeated to some extent the 
States of Ohio. Indiana and Illinois. The 
first of these organizations was known as 
the Knights of the Golden Circle, which had 
been started in the South in 1858 by one 
Charles C. Bickley, an immigrant from 
Boonecounty, Indiana, [t had an elaborate 
ritual with a lot of mummery and finally 
three degrees were evolved. Upon theoul 
break of the war the order spread into In- 
diana, but its secrets and rituals were ex- 
posed and it died a natural death early in the 
war. though SO great was the influence of 
its exposure upon the people that the var- 
ious treasonable orders that succeeded it . 
were usually known as " Knights of the 
Golden Circle." The organization was suc- 
ceeded by the ( Irder of American Knights. 
audit was by the officers of this order that 
the plot for a Northwestern confederacy 
was conceived. The members of the mili- 
tary degz*ee of this order were to lie armed, 
hut it in turn was exposed and gave way 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



9] 



to the order of the " Sons of Liberty." It 
was proven that many of the most promi- 
nent Democrats in the State were members 
of this order, among them Secretary of 
State Athon, Auditor of State Ristine, 
Attorney-General Hord. State Agent 
JohnC. Walker, Chairman J. J. Bingham, 
of the Democratic State committee, Con- 
gressman Michael C. Kerr. D. W. Voor- 
hees and others of equal prominence. The 
membership of Voorhees was never proven. 
but a lot of the treasonable documents of 
the conspirators were found in his law- 
office at Terre Haute and his private cor- 
respondence, seized by General Carring- 
ton, showed that he was in close touch with 
the conspiracy. The most active spirits 
in Indiana were Harrison H. Dodd, Dr. 
W. A. Bowles and John C. Walker. A 
conspiracy for an armed uprising in In- 
diana, Illinois and Missouri was hatched. 
The first date set for this uprising was J uly 
20th, 1864; then it was postponed until 
August 16, and again postponed until Aug- 
ust '20. Morton was extremely active in 
tracing the conspiracy and had a large 
number of government detectives con- 
stantly at work. A number of these. n< »ta- 
bly Stidger and Coffin, became members 
of the order and were admitted to high 
places in its councils. On August 20 
Morton was notified of a shipment of arms 
to Dodd of Indianapolis. These arms were 
seized and the conspiracy exposed. The ar- 
rest of Dodd followed and in the course of 
a few days W. A. Bowles, Andrew Hum- 
phries, Horace Heffren, J. J. Bingham, 
L. P. Milligan, Stephen Horsey. W. H. 
Harrison and others were arrested. Bing- 
ham was soon released and gave valuable 
evidence against his old associates. Bowles. 
Humphries, Heffren. Milligan and Horsey 
were found guilty by the military com- 
mission appointed to try them. Bowles, 
Milligan and Horsey were condemned 
to death and Humphries to imprisonment 
for life. In the case of Humphries, the 
General commanding his district changed 



it to confinement within two townships. 
With the active assistance of Gov. Mor- 
ton. President Johnson was persuaded to 
postponethe execution. The war was over 
and Morton could see no public purpose to 

be subserved by the execution of ill'' men. 

Heffren was pardoned by President John- 
son; Bowles and Milligan's death sentence 
was commuted to life imprisonment, and 
they were afterwards released by a decision 
of the Supreme Court of the United States to 
the effect that a military commission had no 
jurisdiction to try them. The exposure of 
this treason just before the election of 1864 
helped the Republican party greatly. 
Morton was re-elected Governor by over 
20,000 votes and a Republican legislature 
was elected, of which John U. Pettit, of 
Wabash, was made Speaker. This legis- 
lature appointed an investigating commit- 
tee to investigate the financial operations 
of the Governor. They found thathehad 
collected over $457,000 and every penny 
of it was accounted for. A bill was passed 
repaying Winslow, Lanier & Co. for the 
money they had advanced to meet the inter- 
est on the State debt and the entire finan- 
cial accounts of the State were straightened 
out. thus sustaining Governor Morton in 
everything he had done. 



BAKER'S ADMINISTRATION. 

During the summer of 1865 Governor 
Morton was seized with paralysis and went 
to Europe, partly for his health, and partly 
upon a mission forthe Federal ( rovernment. 
He returned to Indiana in the spring of 
L866 and participated in the campaign of 
that year, in which the Republicans were 
again successful. The legislature thai met 
in Im'w elected Morton to the Senate with- 
out opposition. This body also continued 

the g 1 work of that of 1865, ratifying 

the new constitutional amendments and 
setting the State government in order. 
During Morton's absence the routine work 



92 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN I'AKTY 



of the Governor's chair had been ably car- 
ried on by the Lieutenant-Governor, Conrad 
Baker, and upon Morton's election to the 
Senate, he assumed the Governorship. 
During the first two years of his adminis- 
tration he was actively engaged in 
straightening out the financial affairs of 
the State and putting them upon a good 
footing. It was during the stormy days 
of reconstruction and was a critical period 
in the history of the State. The Four- 
teenth Amendment came up in the legisla- 
ture immediately after he assumed office 
in 1867, and it was adopted only after a 
desperate struggle in the legislature. It 
was during this session of the legislature 
that an appropriation was made for the 
State Normal School at Terre Haute; an- 
other for the erection of a Soldiers' Home 
and another for the establishment of a 
Boys' Reformatory. Another important 
bit of legislation required the registration 
of voters prior to each election, but this 
latter was declared unconstitutional by the 
Supreme Court. The attempted impeach- 
ment of President Johnson took placedur- 
ing this administration and caused great 
political excitement throughout the State. 
In the spring of 1868 there was an out- 
break of lawlessness and train robbing in 
the southern counties that gave rise to vig- 
ilance committees and ended in a general 
lynching of four robbers at New Albany. 
In 1868 Lieutenant-Governor Baker was 
nominated for Governor and was elected 
after a very bitter campaign. 

The legislature of lsc.O was full of tur- 
bulence; the first trouble arose over the 
election of a United States Senator. There 
were numerous candidates before the Re- 
publican caucus, but its choice fell upon 
Hon. Will Cumback, who bad been one of 
the candidates for the Gubernatorial nomi- 
nation. During the ante-convention cam- 
paign Mr. Cumback had written a letterto 
(biv. Baker suggesting an arrangement 
by which Baker should be nominated for 
Governor and Cumback go to the Senate. 



After the caucus nomination was made and 
before the formal election of Governor, 
Baker turned this letter over to one of his 
friends and it was read upon the floor of 
the State Senate. It created a great sen- 
sation, although there was nothing in the 
suggestion further than a plain political 
bargain such as had been made between 
Lane and Morton in I860 and carried out. 
However, the reading of this letter gave 
an excuse to the opponents of Cumback for 
declining to vote for him and after much 
trouble and negotiation, the caucus selected 
Hon. Daniel 1). Pratt, then a Congressman 
from the Logansport district, and he went 
to the Senate. But the troubles of the 
legislature only began here. Congress 
bad passed the Fifteenth Amendment, giv- 
ing the right of suffrage to negroes, and 
when this amendment came up for ratifi- 
cation in the legislature it was opposed 
with desperate bitterness by the Demo- 
cratic minority. The struggle culminated 
in a threat of the Democrats to resign in a 
body if the issue was forced. The threats 
made on both sides were carried out. The 
Republicans brought the matter to a vote 
and seventeen Democratic Senators and 
thirty-six Democratic Representatives re- 
signed in a body on the 4th of March, leav- 
ing the legislature without a quorum. 
No appropriation bills had been passed. 
Governor Baker met the crisis by issuing 
writs for special elections and called a 
special session tomeet April 8th. Thecon- 
stituents of the Democrats who had re- 
signed promptly re-elected them and when 
the special session met, affairs were in no 
better shape. Before the new members 
would take the oath of office they demanded 
that the appropriation bills should be passed 
before the question of ratification should 
be brought up. The appropriation bills 
were passed and two important measures 
were put through: one to establish a female 
prison and the other to establish an agri- 
cultural college, known now as Purdue 
University at LaFayette. As soon as 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



93 



these measures were out of the way the 
Democrats tiled their resignations with the 
Governor and the ratification question was 
brought up by the Republicans. Senator 
Morton had come from Washington to take 
a hand in the fight. Under his advice 
Governor Baker failed to report the resig 
nations to the two Houses. The resigna- 
tions were received on the night of the 18th 
of May, but the Democratic Senators made 
the mistake of coming to the Senate Cham- 
ber the next morning. Suddenly the doors 
of the Chamber were locked and the rati- 
fication resolution was brought up and put 
through before they could escape. They 
protested that they had resigned, but the 
Lieutenant-Governor declared that he had 
not been notified of that fact, and they 
were still members. Before the resolution 
could be taken to the House the Democrats 
vacated the hall. This left no quorum 
present but the Speaker of the House, 
Geo. A. Buskirk, declared that a quorum 
of the de facto members was present and 
the resolution was declared carried. The 
legislature elected in 1870 was Democratic 
in both branches. The Democrats caught 
the Republicans of the Senate napping in 
the same way, locked the doors and passed 
a resolution rescinding the ratification. 
The Republican members of the House, to 
the number of thirty-four, hastily resigned 
and got away before the matter could be 
taken up there, leaving the House without 
a quorum. 

A MIXED GOVERNMENT. 

In 1872 the Democrats elected Hen- 
dricks Governor, but the Republicans cap- 
tured the minor State offices and the legis- 
lature. Governor Baker called a special 
session in November at which the salary 
of the Governor was raised from $3, 000 to 
$5,000. The most notable act of the 
legislature of 1873 was the passage of the 
celebrated temperance bill, known as the 
Baxter law, the first temperance legisla- 



tion that had been enacted since the pro- 
hibitory measure of 1855, which had 
proven such a failure. The Baxter law- 
was extremely stringent in its restrain! of 
the liquor traffic. It received the unani- 
mous support of the Republicans and a 
good many of the Democratic votes and 
was approved by Governor Hendricks. It 
proved very disastrous to the Republican 
party and the election of 1874 produced a 
legislature Democratic in both branches 
and filled all the State offices with Demo- 
crats. The legislature of 1*75 did practi- 
cally nothing except to repeal the Baxter 
law. The campaign of 1 s 7 < > was a very 
liitter one and resulted in the election of 
Williams, a Democrat, as Governor. The 
Republicans captured the House, but the 
Senate remained Democratic. The legis- 
lative session with the two Houses politi- 
cally opposed to each other was a very 
turbulent one, and the only bill of any 
moment passed was the measure for the 
erection of a new State House. The clos- 
ing hours of the legislature gave rise to a 
memorable struggle. Two years later a 
Senator was to be elected and it was im- 
portant for each party to control as many 
as possible of the hold-over Senators, who 
would be members of the succeeding legis- 
lature. The Democrats had a majority in 
the legislature and were contesting two 
of the seats to which Republicans bad been 
elected. Finally the report of the com- 
mittee unseating these two Republicans 
was brought in. The Lieutenant! rovernor 
was a Republican and was presiding. E. 
B. Martindale got the floor when the reso- 
lution was introduced and talked all night. 
He would talk steadily for about two hours 
and then have the clerk read for a couple 
of hours from the voluminous testimony 
taken, and then go ahead and talk a couple 
of hours longer. So great was the hubbub 
in the Senate Chamber that nobody could 
hear his voice and it really mattered little 
whether he was talking or not. so long as 
his lips went through the motions. The 



94 



HISTORY <>F THK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



next day other Republicans were recog- 
nized one after another, and they held 
the floor nearly all day. The Democrats 
finally saw that it was possible for the Re- 
publicans to hold the floor and talk until 
the legislative session should expire by 
constitutional limitation and a compromise 
was finally reached by which one of the 
members was unseated and the other per- 
mitted to retain his seat. The trouble was 
largely unnecessary, for in the campaign 
of Isys the Democrats gained a heavy 
majority in the legislature and 1). W. 
Vborhees, who had been appointed by 
( rovernor Williams upon the death of Sena- 
tor Morton in November, 1>77. was elected 
to the Senate, and served a period of 
eighteen years, until 1895. 

PORTER'S ADMINISTRATION. 

In lssn the Republicans elected Hon. 
Albert G. Porter as Governor and 
succeeded in carrying the legislature. 
They repeated the mistake they had made 
in 1873 of going too deeply into the sub- 
ject of temperance legislation. A hill was 
passed for a prohibition amendment to the 
constitution. This aroused great oppo- 
sition on the part of the German popula- 
tion and the next session of the legislature 
was heavily Democratic in both branches. 
The proposed amendment came to naught, 
as it died in the session of L883. 

It was during Porter's administration 
that the long struggle began between the 
legislature and the Governor over appoint- 
ments to office. There were certain minor 
offices, such as the members of the prison 
hoards. State Geologist, State Statistician, 
State Oil Inspector, and members of other 
hoards that were not constitutional, hut 
had been created by legislative enactment. 
The legislature of 1883 took the appoint- 
ment of all these offices out of the Governor's 
hands, reserving to itself the election of 
some of them and placing the appointment 
of others in the hands of Democratic officers. 



The struggle thus begun lasted for years, 
for the Democrats succeeded by a gerry- 
mander in perpetuating their legislative 
power for twelve years. When the Gov- 
ernor happened to he a Democrat, they 
would return to him the power of appoint- 
ing some or all of these officers, hut when 
he was a Republican, they would snatch 
the power from his hands. This session 
of the legislature established three new 
hospitals for the insane at Richmond, 
Logansport and Evansville. This partisan 
legislature of 1883 took the management 
of the police system out of the hands of 
the Republican Mayor of Indianapolis by 
the establishment of a metropolitan police 
board. The election of 18 84 gave the State 
government in all its branches to the 
Democrats, but in lssO the Republicans 
succeeded in elect ing the State officers and 
came so near carrying the legislature that 
it gave rise to the tremendous struggle 
over the Senatorship in L887 detailed in a 
preceding chapter. 

HOVEY-CHASE ADMINISTEATK >N. 

In 1888 the Republicans succeeded in 
electing Alvin P Hovey as Governor and 
the struggle with the legislature over the 
appointment of minor State officers broke 
out with virulence, culminating in warmly 
contested litigation. The Supreme Court- 
decided that the offices of State Geologist 
and Statistician should be filled by popular 
election, but the Governor did not succeed 
in obtaining the power of appointing the 
boards of trustees for State charitable in- 
stitutions and prisons. Naturally, the fact 
that the responsibility for the management 
of these institutions centered in the legis- 
lature caused them to become extravagant 
and in some instances corrupt. There was 
a crying need for reform in all of them, 
but this contest between the chief executive 
and the legislature prevented the intro- 
duction of any reforms. The gerrymander 
was attacked ill the courts by the Repub- 



OF THE STATE OE INDIANA. 



95 



licans and after much litigation a decision 
was reached wiping out all the apportion- 
ment laws since that of 18S5. The Re- 
publicans carried the legislature of 1895. 
They passed a new apportionment law. 
which the Supreme Court again demol- 
ished. The appointment of the prison 
hoards was vested in a hoard of State offi- 
cers, who were Republicans, and the man- 
agement of the State charitable institutions 
was placed in the hands ofhonesl partisan 
boards appointed by the Governor. Thus 
the work of reform in the State institu- 
tions was fairly well begun, but the chief 
work of the legislature of 1895 lay in its 
financial reforms, and the State then be- 
gan a period of debt paying that has more 
than cut in two the State debt that had 
piled up to an altitude of over $8,000,000 
under Democratic rule. This legislature 
elected Charles W. Fairbanks Senator. 

GOVERNOR M< >TJNT . 

In 1896 the Republicans elected Gov- 
ernor Mount and for the first time in four- 
teen years controlled all branches of the 
State government. All appointments for 
minor offices were placed where they be- 
longed, in the hands of the Governor. A 
metropolitan police bill was passed for all 
cities of more than 10,000 population 
throughout the State, the appointment of 



the boards being vested in the Governor. 

Very great reforms and economies were 
introduced in the management of the State 
institutions. It was to another Republi- 
can Governor that the duty fell of fur- 
nishing troops to the Federal Government 
for war. Governor Mount had been in 
office but a little over a year when the 
war with Spain broke out. Indiana was 
the first State to have her militia mobilized, 
and five regiments of infantry and two 
batteries of artillery, thoroughly equipped 
and disciplined, were ottered and accepted 
by the Government. It was not a ques- 
tion of obtaining troops, for where there 
was a call for one. dozens responded, and 
the hardest task the Governor had was in 
making a selection among the companies 
who offered to fill up the regiments. The 
legislature of L897 had continued vig- 
orously the reform work begun by that of 
18 ( J5, and when the Republicans again 
elected the legislature in L899 this work 
was completed and the State institutions 
put upon a basis that has made them 
models for other States. The administra- 
tion of Governor .Mount is not yet com- 
pleted at this writing, but so far as it has 
gone its record is flawless and it will un- 
doubtedly stand in history as one of the 
wisest and best administrations that the 
State has ever known. 




INFLUENCE UPON NATIONAL AFFAIRS. 



C1INCE tin- founding of the Republican 
k party the influence of Indiana Republic- 
ans in affairs of the Nation has been very 
marked. Probably m> other State has. 
through tin- character of its leaders and 
the greatness of their achievements, had 
more to do with shaping the National 
policies of the party and the statesmanship 
of the country. 

At the very first National meeting of 
Republicans held in Pittsburg in February 
of 1856, the influence of Indiana was 
strongly felt. Lane. Morton, Julian. Test 
and others of the brilliant coteriethat gave 
strength and virility to the movement of 
Indiana, were conspicuous figures in this 
conference. When the National conven- 
tion, called by this conference, met at 
Philadelphia in the following June, Lane, 
of Indiana, was made its permanent presi- 
dent, and the voice of Indiana was power- 
ful in outlining the great battle fought for 
freedom. Four years later, when the Re- 
publican convention met in Chicago, and 
it was generally thought that Seward 
would be the nominee of the party, it was 
the influence of Indiana, more than that 
of any other State, that turned the tide 
toward Lincoln. Lane and Morton had 
already been nominated as leaders of the 
State ticket, and understood thoroughly 
what a tremendous fight they had on hand 
in Indiana. They were convinced that if 
the new party was to win it must be with 
a Western man. They knew Lincoln and 
saw in him the great qualities of leader- 
ship that the whole country afterwards 
came to recognize. In their efforts they 
found an ally in Pennsylvania, for Cur- 
tin was the nominee for Governor. These 
three visited every delegation in Chicago 
and pleaded effectively the cause of Lin- 
coln with the result that he was nomi- 
nated. In 1^14 there was no question of 
who should be the nominee or what the 
party policy should be. 



In 1868 the Indiana Republicans made 
their first demand for a place on the Na- 
tional ticket. Schuyler Colfax, who had 
served ably through the war as Speaker of 
the House, was put forward for the Vice- 
Presidency. Every leader of the party in 
Indiana gave him loyal support and so 
well were their forces organized that the 
prize was captured. In 1^7i J Indiana sup- 
ported Grant with unanimity and he owed 
his renomination largely to the effective 
work of the Indiana leaders. In 1876 the 
State put forward Morton as a Presidential 
candidate and made a strong and honora- 
ble fight for his nomination. Though it 
was found impossible to nominate Morton, 
it was found equally impossible to nomi- 
nate his principal opponents, and a com- 
promise was finally reached upon Hayes, 
of Ohio. The death of Morton prevented 
Indiana from having a candidate in 1880 
and the forces of the State were organized 
under John C. New in the support of 
Grant and stood as an integral part of 
the famous 306 that voted for Grant — first, 
last and all the time. In 1888 Indi- 
ana had two Presidential candidates — 
Harrison and Gresham. Harrison had 
served the State in the United States Sen- 
ate six years. He had taken the forlorn 
hope for the Governorship a dozen years 
before, and had been so closely identified 
with the politics of the State that most of 
the old leaders clung to his standard. 
Gresham had been for many years on the 
Federal Bench and had removed from 
Indiana to Illinois. In the preliminary 
fight for control of the Indiana delegation 
Harrison won, but the battle was only be- 
gun. John C. New, who had been twice 
chairman of the State committee, took the 
management of General Harrison's cam- 
paign at Chicago and was ably seconded 
by nearly all the Republican leaders of 
the State. So adroit and so effective was 
their work that the Harrison sentiment in 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. !)7 

the convention gradually grew, ballot af- money sentimenl was presumably very 
ter ballot, until be wasfinally nominated, strong, bad declared for sound and stable 
In L892 tbe National Convention was held things, renewed the courage of the sound- 
at Minneapolis, and Indiana sent a solid money people throughout the country and 
delegation in favor of the renomination of gave them a powerful argument. When 
Harrison. Tbe Columbia Club, of Indi- tbe resolutions committee was formed at 
anapolis, chartered a special train that St. Louis Gen. Lew Wallace was named 
wentto Minneapolis loaded with supporters as a member from Indiana There was 
of tbe President. There was much maneuv- no question as to the sentiment of the corn- 
ering at Minneapolis on the part of the mittee for sound money, but there was a 
opponents of Harrison in the effort to nom- very serious question about its courage and 
inate Blaine, but tins was all exploded by it was equally divided between those who 
the famous Market Hall meeting held be- believed in a courageous declaration for 
fore the sessions of the convention began, the gold standard and those who favored 
where a large majority of the delegates to an equivocal plank thai might be inter- 
the convention stood up and pledged them- preted to mean something or nothing, 
selves to Harrison. The vote of Gen. Wallace finally turned 
In L896 Harrison declined to permit the scale in favor ot a straight gold stand- 
Indiana to present his name. His letter ard declaration. Thus it was the voice 
to this effect was published as early as of Indiana that decided, and decided cor- 
February. TheState conventions through rectly, the greatest issue that has come be- 
out the country began to declare in favor fore the American people since the ('ivil 
of McKinley, and Indiana finally swung War. 

into line when her State convention was , , „„,,, ,„ T . , , , „„ ,, 

,,,,,. , ADMINISTRATE F AFFAIRS, 
held, and by her declaration made the 

nomination of McKinley a foregone con- In tbe work of National administra- 

clusion. At this time it was rather in the tion Indiana has been honored with the 

forming of a platform than in the making Presidency and Vice- Presidency, a con- 

of a nominee that Indiana's influence was siderable number of cabinet appointments, 

most potent. Tbe free silver question had many of the highest diplomatic stations in 

arisen and swept over the country like a the service of the country and a very large 

whirlwind. When the Indiana State con- number of minor administrative offices. 

vention met the agitation was at its height, Chief of these, of course, is the adminis- 

and while the general sentiment of the tration of Gen. Benjamin Harrison in the 

party of Indiana favored sound money Presidential chair. 

and a declaration for gold, not a few General Harrison assumed office on 

of the leaders feared that such a course March 4. 1889, and his inaugural address 

would alienate a large percentage of the gave tbe country an earnest of what might 

Republican agricultural vote. However, he expected from him. The address was 

when it came to making a platform, the upon a high plane of statesmanship, showed 

Indiana Republicans had the courage of a breadth of mind ami depth of energy in 

their convict ion and declared unequivocally dealing with the great questions before the 

for sound money, [t is impossible to over- country, and withal a moderation and 

estimate tbe effect of this declaration upon strength of purpose that convinced the 

the National convention which met at St. country that il had made no mistake in 

Louisa few weeks later. The fact that elevating him to the highest office within 

Indiana, always a doubtful State and its gift. Thisview was more than justi- 

situated in the West, where the cheap- lied by the administration that followed, 



98 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



and thf tame of General Harrison, as one 
of the wisest and best Presidents the Re- 
public lias ever had. is secure for all time. 
In this inaugural Gen. Harrison spoke of 
the treasury surplus and declared that 
while it was not the greatest of evils, yet 
ir was an evil that should be remedied by 
a proper tariff revision, such a revision as 
would give the country all possible trade 
advantages and not disturb existing busi- 
ness conditions. He advised as rapid work 
upon the newnaval armament as was con- 
sistent with good results and urged meas- 
ures that would tend to restore the mer- 
chant marine. The first important event 
of the administration was the opening < >f the 
( iklahoma lands to settlement Shortly 
after the beginning of the administration 
that famous Pan-American conference 
gathered in Washington and remained in 
session for six months. At the same time 
the maritime conference for the revision 
of international navigation rules gathered 
at the country's capital. These two 
conventions brought together representa- 
tives of thirteen nations, and both were 
productive < >f lasting results for good. The 
Pan-American conference formulated rec- 
ommendations for reciprocity, and pleaded 
for international railway and steamship 
lines, for an international American bank 
to introduce better methods of exchange 
between the Republics of the American 
continent, uniform customs regulations. 
uniform nomenclature for articles of com- 
merce, better postal and cable connections, 
an international bureau of trade and an 
international monetary union. All these 
recommendations were transmitted to 
Congress by President Harrison and 
strongly supported by him. Of course it 
was impossible that all the recommenda- 
tions of this Congress should be carried 
into effect, but it started a movement that 
lias already been productive of a great in- 
crease of trade between the different coun- 
tries of the Western Hemisphere. The in- 
tercontinental railroad will before many 



years be an established fact. New steam- 
ship lines have been established. Cable 
connection has become much more general 
and postal connection has become greatly 
simplified. The project of a monetary 
union and an international American bank 
are things that have not been carried out, 
but are bound to come in time. During 
the early part of the first year the Sanioan 
question was settled by the treaty of Berlin. 
In November the President issued a procla- 
mation admitting as States the two Dako 
tas, Montana and Washington. In his 
annual message in December the President 
enlarged upon the field opened by the Pan- 
American conference then in session. He 
reviewed the prosperity of the country at 
some length. He noted the treasury sur- 
plus of $43,000,000. He called attention 
to the need of better coast defenses. He 
again spoke upon the necessity of building- 
up a merchant marine. In this message 
the President noted the decrease of bank 
circulation and called attention to the ne- 
cessity of financial legislation, speaking in 
strong terms of the danger that lay in the 
free coinage of silver and a large increase 
in the silver coinage. He called attention 
to the formation of what are known as 
Trusts and asked for prohibitory anil penal 
legislation to prevent the formation of 
these gi - eat monopolies. The session of 
Congress following this message was an 
extremely busy one. The McKinley tariff 
bill was framed and passed, as was the 
Sherman silver purchase bill. In July the 
President sent a special message on 
the subject of lotteries and thus began 
the war that soon resulted in the suppres- 
sion of the evil. In diplomatic lines the 
administration was busy raising the em- 
bargo on American pork in Europe and in 
opening negotiations concerning the seal- 
ing in Behring Sea. The relations between 
the President and Congress were very cor- 
dial and the only occasion he found for 
veto lay in a few public building grabs 
and efforts to put through questionable 



UK THE STATE UK INDIANA. 



99 



financial schemes in the Territories. In 
the autumn of 1890 the Sioux lands were 
thrown open to settlement by proclama- 
tion of the President. All through his 
administration President Harrison pursued 
the steady policy of reducing the large In- 
dian reservation by purchase and treaty 
and throwing the new lands thus acquired 
open to the settlement of home seekers. 
In his second annual message General 
Harrison found occasion to note the favor- 
aide progress of the Behring Sea negotia- 
tions and noted the purchase made on 
account of the Delagoa Bay incident. In 
the Portuguese territory, on the Southeast 
coast of Africa, the concession for building 
a railroad had been granted to an Ameri- 
can citizen. When the road was nearly com- 
pleted the Portuguese government seized 
it. The United States and Great Britain 
joined in a strong protest and succeeded 
in obtaining full indemnity from the gov- 
ernment of Portugal. The President again 
spoke of the importance of building up 
American steamship lines and called at- 
tention to the necessity of some better 
supervision of Federal elections. He noted 
the passage of the Sherman silver pur- 
chase act, hut said that it was too early 
to prognosticate its results. He made a 
brief but able defense of the McKinley 
tariff act. which had been so wildly mis- 
represented in the campaign of IS90 and 
predicted for it excellent results. It was 
but a short time afterwards that an ad- 
vantageous treaty of reciprocity was ne- 
gotiated with Brazil and there followed in 
quick succession other reciprocal treaties 
with San Domingo; with Spain for Cuba 
and Porto Rico: with Great Britain for 
her West India possessions: with Guate- 
mala, Salvador. Nicaragua. Germany and 
Austria-Hungary. During the spring of 
1891 the Behring Sea negotiations reached 
the acute stage, but all trouble was finally 
avoided in June when the modus vivandi 
was agreed upon which later resulted in a 
complete arbitration of the whole subject 



together with the Canadian boundary. 
About the same time an agreement was 
reached with Venezuela tor a settlement 
of the Venezuelan claims that had so long 
been pending. In his third message the 
President reviewed his plea for legislation 
on the Nicaraguan Canal and urged lib- 
eral preparations for work on the new 
navy. He spoke in favor of a postal tel- 
egraph system, and reviewed at some 
length the prosperity of the country. He 
called attention to the continued fall of 
silver despite the Sherman purchase act 
and recommended the earnest attention of 
Congress to the subject, but declared that 
an effort upon the part of this country 
alone to go into free coinage of silver would 
prove disastrous. During the next year 
the administration invited an interna- 
tional monetary conference to meet at 
Brussels, but its sessions were not finished 
until after the close of the administration. 
The most startling diplomatic incident of 
the administration came in October of L891 
and was not finally closed until several 
months later Chile had just undergone 
a revolution and some of the officers of the 
government overthrown had found an asv- 
lum upon American warships in the harbor 
of Valparaiso. This had aroused the ani- 
mosity of some of the Chileans and on 
October l<i, while a number of seamen 
from the L nited States cruiser Baltimore 
were in the city on shore leave, they were 
simultaneously attacked in various parts 
of the city. Several were killed and a 
number were wounded. President Harri- 
son at once demanded an apology and 
reparation, hut the Chilean minister of 
Foreign Affairs answered with an offensive 
note. This brought forth from the Pres- 
ident an ultimatum that meant war or a 
back-down on the part of Chile. Natur- 
ally Chile backed down, made a thorough 
apology and voted an indemnity of $75,000 
to the families of the seamen killed and 
wounded in tin 1 riot. In the tour years 
that followed the Harrison administration 



10(1 HISTORY OP THE KEPUBL1CAN PARTY 

the people had occasion to look back upon New York Cotton Exchange, estimates the .nu„ 

, ! . „ ,, , , ber of working spindles in the United States on 

the high type o! prosperity thai reigned geptembei . h lgu2i a1 15>200> , an illrn , ls „ „, 

during the last years of this regime. The guo,000 over the year 1891. The consumption (it- 
President himself covered the subject very cotton by American mills in 1891 was 2.396,000 

thoroughly in his last message, thus: bales, and in 1892 ii.--.s4j hairs, an increase of 

188,000 bales. Prom the year 1869 to 1892, inclu- 

The total wealth of the country in 1860 was sive, there has been an increase in the consuinp- 

$16,159,016,068. In 1890 h amounted ... 102.010- ,i "" '"' '•" ,, " n ln Europe '"' 92 "'"' Cent ' "'""" 

0. 00. an increase of 287 per cent. durin S ""' s:l1 "" P eriod ""' leased consumption 

The total mileage of railways in the United '"' tne United States nas been abou1 150 l " T ••''" , - 



The reporl of ira Ayer, special agenl of tl 
Tn 

thai there will be alioul 4,000 miles of track added 



talis in 1800 was 30,626. In 1890 it was 167,741, 

,. . lo , ., . Treasury Department, shows thai at the date of 

n Increase 01 lis per cent.; anil it ts estimated ■ ' 

September 30, 1892, there were 32 companies man 



nfacturing tin and terne plate in the United States 
ami 11 companies building new works for such 
manufacture. The estimated investment in build 



by i in- .-lose (it the year 1892. 

,. . , ,,, ., ,, anil 14 companies huilihim new works lor siu-1 

The official returns ol the Eleventh Census 

.-mil those of the Tenth Census for seventy-five 

leading cities furnish the basis for the following 

comparisons: 

in i ssi i the capital invested in manufacturing 

was $1,232,839,070. 



ings and plums ai the close of the fiscal year June 
30, 1893, if cxisiiiiL; conditions wen- to be con- 
tinued, was $5,000,000 and the estimated rale of 
production 200,000,000 pounds per annum. The 



■tual production for the quarter ending Septen 
i, 
was $2,900,735,884. 



In 1S90 thr capital invested in manufacturing 

ber 30. 1802, was 10,952,725 pounds 



The reporl of Labor Commissioner Peck, of 
lu 1890 the number of employes was 2,251,134 



In 18S0 tlic number of employes was 1,301,388. 

New York, shows that during the year 1891, ii 



In IS80 the wages can,,-,! were $501,965,778. •''""" 6 > manufacturing establishments in that 

In 1S90 the wages earned were $1,221,170,454. Sl: "" embraced within the special inquiry mad,- by 



him. and representing 67 different industries, then 
579,899. 



lu 1S80 the value oi the produd was $2,711.- 

was a net increase over the year 1890 of $31,315, 



130.08 in the value of the produd and of $6,377, 
286,83 



In 1890 the value of the produd was $4,860,- 

925.09 iii the amount of wages paid. The report of 



the commissioner of labor for the state of Massa 

census thai the omission of certain industries in 



I am informed by the superintendent of tl, 

L'husettS shows that 3,745 industries in that Stat 



945, and that there was an increase of $9,932,490 
d deducting the returns for all industries not 



1880 which wc-c included in 1890 accounts in pan I""' 1 $129,410248 in wages during the year 1891. 
Cor the remarkable increase thus show,,, hut aft,- 

making full allowance for differences of metho 

in the amount of capital and of 7.:U<1 in the num- 
ber of persons employed in the same period. 

included m the census ot lssn there re,,,,-,,,, in the ' ' 

, . .. , ,. ... , . ,. , During the last six months of the year 1891 

reports troll, these seventy live cities an increase 

, ',. ,.,-.,,-,-,.,,, • t , aud the first six months of 1892 the total produc- 
in the capital employed ot $1,522,745,604, m the 

, ' , ... ,.. . lion of pig iron was 9,710,819 tons, as agamsl 

value of the product ot $2,024,236,166, m wages 

. 9,202,703 tons in Hie vear 1890, which was the 

earned of si;, 7. '.M:;. ; rjp. ;,nd m the number ot wage 

, . ..... ... ,„, . largest annual product ion ever attained. I- or the 

earners employed oi 8o6,029. ihe wage earnings 

, . . same twelve months of 1891-92 the production of 

not only show an increased aggregate, but an in 

.._,_ . ,.„, Bessemer ingots was 3,878,581 tons, an increase ol 

ci-( ase per capita from $386 in 1880 to $547 in 1890, 

., _, 189,710 gross tons over the previously unprece- 

or 41. il per cent. 

The new industrial plants established sin,,- "ented yearly production of 3,688,871 gross tons m 
October 6, 1890, and up to October 22, 1892, as 18 »°- T1 "' Production of Bessemer steel rails for 

the lirst six months of 1892 was 77 - J.4:',(i gross tons. 



m 702,080 gross tons during the last six 



partially reported in the American Economist, 
number 345, and the extension of existing plains 

108; the new capital invested amounts to -Sln.44li. months of the year 1891. 

050, and the number of additional employes to 'l' 1 "' ""• ll ™lue "•' '""' foreign trade (exports 

37 285 : ""' imports of merchandise) during the last fiscal 

The Textile World for July, 1898, states that year was $1,857,680,610, an increase of $128,283, 

during the first six months of the present calen- 604 over the previous Qscal year. The averagt 

dar year 135 new factories wen- built, of which annual value of our imports and exports of mer- 

10 are cotton mills. 48 knitting mills. -2r> woolen chandise for ihe ten fiscal years prior to 1891 

mills. 15 silk mills. 4 plush mills, and -J linen mills. was $1,457,322,019. ll will he observed that our 

or ihe in cotton mills Jl have been buili in tin- foreign trade lor 1892 exceeded this annual aver- 

Soiiiliorn Slates. .Mr. A. I'.. Shepperson, of the age value by $400,358,591. an increase of 27.47 per 



OP THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



10] 



criii. The significance and value of this increase 
are shown by the fact thai the excess in the trade 
lit' 1892 over 1891 was wholly in the value < >t" ex- 
ports, for there was a decrease in the value of 
imports of $17,513,754. 

The value of our exports during the fiscal year 
1892 reached the highest figure in the history of 
the Government, amounting to $1,030,278,148, ex- 



deposits in savings banks was $1,623,079,749. [i is 
estimated thai 90 per cent, of these deposits repre- 
sent the savings of wage i arners. The hank clear- 
ances for nine months ending September 30, 1891 
am. mured to $41,049,390,808. For the same months 
in 1892 they amounted to $45,189,601,947, an ex- 
cess for the nine months of $4,140,211,139. 

There never has been a time in our Uistorj 



ceeding by $145,797,338 the exports of 1891, and when work was so abuudani or when wages were 
exceeding the value of the imports by $202.875,G8G. 



A 



i.i] 



s high, whether measured by the currency in 
n of the value of our exports fur 1892 which they are paid or bj their power to supply 



witli the annual average for the ten years prior t 
1891 shews an excess of $205,142 051. or of 34.65 
per cent. The value of our imports of merchandise 
for 1892, which was $829,402,462, also exceeded the 
annual average value of the ten years prior to 
1891 by $135,215,940. During the fiscal year 1892 
the value of imports free of duty amounted to 
$457,099,058, the largest aggregate in the history 
of our commerce. The value of the imports of 
merchandise entered free of duty in 1892 was 
55.35 per cent, of the total value of imports, as 
compared with 43.35 per cent, in 1891 and 33.66 
|n r e 'in. in 1890. 

In our coastwise trade a mosi encouraging de- 
velopment is in progress, there having been in the 
last four years an increase of 16 per cent. In in- 



the neeessari. s ami comforts of life, it is true 
that the marKet prices of cotton ami wheal have 
been low. Ii is one of the unfavorable incidents 
of agriculture that the farmer cannot produce 
upon orders. lie must sow and reap in ignorance 
of the aggregate production of the year, ami is 
peculiarly subject to the depreciation which fol- 
lows overproduction. But while the fact I have 
stated is true as to the crops mentioned, the gen- 
eral average of prices has been such as to give to 
agriculture a lair participation in the general pros- 
perity. The value of our total farm products has 
increased from $1,363,646,866 in 1860 to $4,500.- 
""".'""i in 1891. as estimated by statiscians, an in- 
crease of 230 per cent. The Dumber of hogs -Ian 
nary 1. 1891. was 50.625.106 and their value $210.- 



m January 1. 1S92, the number was 52,- 
398.019 ami the value $241,031,415. tin January i. 



. the nun 

r4i i.i. -,.-,. 



ternal commerce the statistics show thai no such p. 

period of prosperity has ever before existed. Tl 

freight carried in the coastwise trade of the great 1891, the number of cattle was 36,875.648 ami th 

lakes in In'.mi aggregated 28.295,959 tons, on the value $544,127,908: on January 1 IS 

Mississippi. Missouri ami Ohio rivers and tribu- her was 37.651 239 ami the value $5' 

taries in the same year the traffic aggregated 

29,405.046 tons, and the total vessel tonnage pass- Indiana lias filled the chair of Vice- 

ing through the Detroit river during that year t>.,„ • i j. n ,-, . .. T , -i 

, ,. v , . ' ; , President as well as that ot President. 

was 21,684,000 tons. 1 he vessel tonnage entered 

and cleared in the foreign trade of London during Schuyler Colfax, of Smith Bend, was 

1890 amounted to 13,480,767 tons, and of Liverj l elected Vice-President on the ticket with 

10,941,800 tons, a total tor tins,- two ureal shipping Grant in 186S and served ably from lSt?9 
ports of 24,422,568 tons, only slightly ,n excess ol 
the vessel tonnage passing through the Detroit 
liver. Anil it should lie said thai the season for 
the Detroit river was but 228 days, while of course 

in London and Liverj l the season was for the 

entire year. The v> ssel tonnage passing through 
the Si. Mary's canal for the fiscal year 1892 
amounted to 9,828,S74 ions, and the freight ton- 
nage of the Detroit river is estimate, 1 for thai 
year ai 25.000,000 tons, against 23.209.619 tons in 
1891. The aggregate traffic on our railroads for 
the year 1V.H amounted i, 704,398.609 tons or 
freight, compare, 1 with 691,344,437 tons in 1890. 
an increase ,>f 13.054,172 tons. 



to 1ST: 1 ,. Mr. Colfax was a grandson of 
Gen. Win. Colfax of Revolutionary fame 
and was born in New York in ls^:;. He 
migrated to Indiana at the age of thirteen 
whore he eii.n'a^'ed in newspaper work. He 
served as a member of Congress from the 
thirteenth district six terms, a total of 
twelve years. At the beginning of his 
third term he was elected Speaker of the 
Bouse in LS63 and served three consecu- 
tive terms as Speaker. In LS6S he wasput 
Another indication of the general prosperity forward by Indiana as a candidate for 

Vice-President and was nominated with 
comparatively little difficulty and elected. 
The history of his term in the Vice-Presi- 
dential chair is the history of the United 
if 921 percent. In 1891 the am, mm of States Senate during those troublesome 



of the country is found in the fact thai the nuin 
her of depositors in savings banks increase, 1 from 
693.870 in 1860 to 4,258,893 in 1890, an increase of 
513 per cent., ami the amoiini of deposits from 
$149,277,504 in 1866 to $1,524.844 506 in 1890. an 



102 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



years of reconstruction. Colfax was one 
of the best presiding officers that either 
branch of Congress ever had and brought 
to his duties the training of six years in 
the Speaker's chair. So fair were his rul- 
ings at all times that he left the office with 
the high respect and esteem of the Demo- 
crats as well as those of his own party. 

General Harrison, himself, is fond of 
declaring that no small degree of the suc- 
cess of his administration was contributed 
by his secretary, Elijah W. Halford, who 
served through his whole term as secretary 
to the President. It was Mr. Halford's 
tirst and last political office. He bad 
made for himself a National reputation in 
newspaper work, and was at the time of 
Harrison's nomination and election man- 
aging editor of the Indianapolis Journal. 
He had that rare quality and ability to 
thoroughly efface himself and give up to 
his chief the best efforts of a keen and 
trained intelligence without claiming for 
himself a place in history. At the close 
of his term Mr. Halford was appointed a 
paymaster in the army and still serves in 
that capacity. 

IN DIPLOMACY. 

In the Department of State, whether in 
the office at Washington or in the diplo- 
matic work of the Nation abroad. Indiana 
lias contributed a long list of honorable 
names that have reflected high credit, not 
only upon the State but upon the Nation. 
Among the most prominent of these is 
Hon. John W. Foster, a native of Mexico. 
Indeed it is doubtful if the country has 
ever produced a finer example of the trained 
diplomat than Mr. Foster. His diplomatic 
career began in 1873. He had served val- 
iantly during the War of the Rebellion, 
from which he emerged as a Brigadier- 
General of Volunteers. Returning to 
Evansville after the war he edited the 
Daily Journal of that city. In L872 he 
served as chairman of the Republican State 



committee. President Grant appointed 
liini Minister to Mexico in L873 and since 
that time his whole time and talent have 
been devoted to diplomacy. So successful 
was he at the City of Mexico that Presi- 
dent Hayes reappointed him and when 
the Mission to St. Petersburg became va- 
cant in L880 he was promoted tothispost. 
In November, L881, he resigned to take up 
in Washington the practice of interna- 
tional law. His success in Mexico and St. 
Petersburg had given him such a wide 
reputati* >n throughout the world that many 
great questions of international dispute 
were intrusted to him as attorney. At 
the earnest solicitation of President Gar- 
field in 1884 he accepted the Mission to 
Spain, and his excellent work there pre- 
served the cordial relations between the 
two countries, despite the continual fric- 
tion on account of the numerous Cuban 
insurrections. When Gen. Harrison as- 
sumed office Gen. Foster, at the earnest 
personal solicitation of the President, un- 
dertook the duties of Assistant-Secretary 
of State and upon the resignation of Mr. 
Blaine in L892 be was made Secretary of 
State. As a matter of fact he had been 
Secretary of State in every thing but name 
for more than a year. At the close of the 
Chinese-Japanese war Gen. Foster was 
chosen by the Chinese Empire to conduct 
peace negotiations. The Spanish war of 
L898 again brought his high abilities in de- 
mand by the United States Government, 
and he was chosen as a member of the 
Peace Commission. No sooner was this 
work completed than he was asked by the 
President to serve as a member of the high 
joint commission for the settlement of 
questions of dispute with Canada, a work 
which he is engaged in at the present 
writing. 

General Lew Wallace, as Minister to 
Turkey, added the reputation of one of the 
greatest diplomats of the age to the fame 
he bad already acquired as a soldier and 
author. He was appointed Minister to 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



103 



Turkey by President Garfield and served 
at Constantinople from 1**1 to 1S85. Dur- 
ing this time there were many causes of 
friction between the Turkish and Ameri- 
can governments, but Gen. Wallace suc- 
ceeded in straightening them all out to 
the entire satisfaction of b< >th g< ivernments. 
In addition to this a very strong friendship 
grew up between him and the Sultan. So 
great was the admiration of the Sultan for 
the American Minister that upon the ex- 
piration of his term, the Turkish govern- 
ment made him the most nattering offers 
to remain in Constantinople in high official 
position. Upon the approach of the Grseco- 
Turkish war in 1*97 the Sultan again 
turned to Gen. Wallace and offered him 
the war portfolio of the Sublime Porte. 
However, all these flattering offers were 
declined and Gen. Wallace has quietly 
continued a resident of Indiana. 

Thos. H. Nelson was another Indianan 
win ) served a long and h< >n< >ral >le dipl< >matic 
career He was appointed Minister to 
Chile by President Lincoln and retained in 
the post by President Johnson. Upon the 
accession of President Grant in 1868 he 
was made Minister to Mexico and served 
until 1872. This was made after the fall 
of Maximillian and Mexican affairs were 
in somewhat of a chaotic state. She looked 
to the sister republic for guidance and 
advice and Col. Nelson was consulted upon, 
not only the relations of the two republics, 
but upon practically all matter of State in 
Mexican affairs. With such skill and 
ability did he respond to these demands 
that to this day his memory is still vener- 
ated in the city of Mexico. 

Godlove S. Orth. who had already risen 
to prominence in National politics, was 
appointed Minister to Austria by General 
Grant. 

Gen. Albert G. Porter. Ex-Governor of 
tlie State, served as Minister to Italy under 
President Harrison 

Addison C. Harris is now serving ably 
as Ambassador at Vienna. 



Gen. Alvin G Hovey. afterwards Gov- 
ernor of the State, served as Minister to 
Peru under Presidents Lincoln and John- 
son. 

Bayless W. Hanna served as Minister 
to the Argentine Republic under President 
Harrison. 

Indiana has furnished four Consul-Gen- 
erals, John C. New to London: Samuel 
Merrill to Calcutta: John K. Gowdy to 
Paris, and Win. R. Holloway to St. Peters- 
burg, under McKinley. 

The State has filled first-class Consulates 
as follows: 

Neil McLaehlan, to Leith, Scotland, under 
Lincoln; John Young, to Belfast. Ireland, under 
Lincoln ami Johnson; Alvin M. Mothershead. to 
Leipsic. under Lincoln; Noah L. Wilson, to La 
Union, Salvador, under Lincoln; T. V. Dickinson. 
to Leipsic. under Lincoln; Isaac Jenkison, to Glas- 
gow, under Grant; Richard 1'. DeHart, to San- 
tiago de Cuba, under Grant; John C. Fletcher, to 
oporto. Spain, under Grant; James Park, to Aix 
I. a ( 'Impede, under Grant; Richard Beardsley. to 
Jerusalem, under Grant; Charles M. Travis, to 
Para. Brazil, under Grant; Thomas .1. Brady, to St. 
Thomas, Denmark, under Grant; John A. Bridge- 
land, to Havre. France, under Hayes; Emory B. 
Beauchamp, to Aix La Chapelle, under Grant and 
Garfield; Frederick Sehenck, to Barcelona, under 
Grant, Hayes and Garfield; Eugene .1. Ball, to 
Festh, under Hayes: Henry Stern, to l'esth. under 
Garfield; John B. Glover, to Havre under Gar- 
field; George E. Bullock, to Cologne, under Gar- 
field, also to Annaburg, under Garfield; David 
M. Dunn, to Valparaiso, under Garfield; .lames W. 
Seder, to Capetown, under Garfield and Arthur: 
Benjamin S. Barker, to Sherbrook, under Garfield; 
Charles Kahlo, to Sydney. N. S. Wales, under Gar- 
field; William Williams. Charge d' Affaires. Para- 
guay and Uruguay. Montevideo, under Arthur: 
Win. W. Canada, to Vera Cruz. Mexico, under Mc- 
Kinley: Hiram /.. Leonard, to I., union. Ontario, 
under Harrison. 

TREASURY DEPAKT.M ENT. 

One of the first Republicans of Indiana 
to attain National fame of a high order was 
Hugh McCulloch. of Ft. Wayne. Mr. Mc- 
Culloch had come to Indiana in 1833, just 
out of College in Maine where his father 
was a large ship owner. He began the 
practice of the law at Indianapolis, hut two 



10 + 



HISTORY OK THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



years later, when the Ft. Wayne branch of 
the State Bank was organized, lie was of- 
fered and accepted the position of cashier 
and manager of the branch, a position he 

held until the charter of the institution 
expired in 1857. Here he developed such 
ability and judgment that he became one 
of the directors of the centra] organization, 
and nnalh its moving spn it. Justbefore 
the charter of the old concern expired, a 
new organization, called the Hank" of the 
State of Indiana, was organized by ihe 
same people to replace it. This concern 
had a capital of $6, 000,000 and Met lulloch 
was made its president. This was in the 
midst of the wild cat money when the 
average man who was paid in hank notes 
did not know whether they would be worth 
t he paper they were printed on by the next 
morning. This was not so with the 
notes of the State Hank of Indiana. 
So able and conservative was its man 
agement that it was known through- 
out tlie country as the strongest hank 
in the United States, and its notes were 
good from one end of the country to 
the other. In 1 863, at the earnest solicita- 
tion of President Lincoln and Secretary 
Chase, he gave up his duties to accept the 
position of Comptroller of the Currency. 
He organized the National Currency Bu- 
reau and it was his judgment and ability, 
more than that of any otherman, that put 
the National banking system into success- 
ful operation. In 1865 he succeeded Mr. 
Fessenden as Secretary of the Treasury 
and guided the National finances ably and 
safely through the tremendous operations 
of the treasury during the closing scenes 
of the war. When he funded the tremen- 
dous floating debt of the Government and 
put it in sale and convenient shape he ac- 
complished something that the financiers 
of the time believed to he utterly impossi- 
ble. Upon the death of Lincoln and suc- 
cession of President Johnson he was re- 
appointed and served until the close of 
•Johnson's administration. Indiana Re- 



publicans have four times held the respon- 
sible position of Treasurer to the United 
States Of these the first was John ('. 
New. who held office under Grant and 
again under Arthur. James N. Huston 
and E. H. Nebeker held the office under 
Harrison. 

Albert G. Porter served as first Comp- 
troller of the Treasury under Hayes and 
Robert J. Tracewell is serving in the same 
capacity under McKinley. 

W. D. Owen served as the first Super- 
intendent of the new Bureau of Immigra- 
tion under Genera] Harrison and brought 
to the office a man of intelligence and 
ability that soon placed the Bureau in 
smooth working operation. Other Indi- 
anians have held prominent offices in the 
Treasury Department as follows: 

C. M. Walter, fifth Auditor of the Treasury, 
uiiilcr Lincoln and Johnson; De Alva S. Alexan- 
der, Fifth Auditor of the Treasury, under Arthur; 
.iiilin S. Williams, Third Auditor of the Treasury, 
under Harrison; Win. 11. Hart. Third Auditor of 
the Treasury, under Harrison; Robert M. Nixon, 
Deputy Comptroller of the Currency, under Har- 
rison; George B. Williams, Third Deputy Commis- 
sioner Internal Revenue, under Grant; Superin- 
tendent United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
Thomas C. Mendenhall, under Harrison; James 
J!. Kay. Third Deputy Commissioner of Internal 
Revenue, under Grant; Daniel D.. Pratt, Second 
Deputy Internal Revenue Commissioner, undei 
Grant; A. L. Dawsne, Deputy Sixth Auditor, under 
McKinley; Perry s. Mitchell, Deputy Comptroller 
of the Treasury, under .McKinley: X. L. Chew. 
Deputy Register of the Treasury, under McKinley. 

1NTKHK >R DEPARTMENT. 

President Lincoln chose his first and 
second Secretaries of the Interior from 
Indiana. The first was Caleb B. Smith, 
a man who had been prominent in Indi- 
ana politics for a number of years, and had 
served twice as a member of Congress. 
Mr. Smith was appointed in March. 1861, 
and conducted the office ably until Decem- 
ber of the following year, when his failing 
health compelled his resignation. John 
I'. Upshur, also of Indiana, served ably 



OF THE STATE OF IMH AN \. L05 

as his successor. Win. T. Otto was chosen of Indiana, who has si rvcd inalniusl even 
as Assistant-Secretary of the Interior by one of the higher offices connected with 
President Lincoln after his second inaugn- the department from Postmaster General 
ration and served in this capacity a full down. Bis first connection with the Posl 
term nt four years under Lincoln and office Department came ahout while he was 
Johnson. W. \Y. Dudley served as Com- a member of Congress and a member of 
missioner of Pensions under Presidents the committee on postoffices aud postroads. 
Garfield and Arthur, and I). P. Holloway Going upon the theory that a thorough 
served as Commissioner of Patents under postal system was one of the very greatest 
Lincoln. During Grant's administration institutions of the civilized people, he de- 
Indiana furnished two Territorial Gov- voted a greal deal oi study to the work 
eraors, Gen. Lew Wallace being appointed until he had mastered it thoroughly. 
Governor of New Mexico and Gen. John Recognizing his value President Grant 
A. Burbank as Governor of Dakota. Wal- made him Second Assistant Postmaster- 
lace had a wild population to deal with in General, and in the broadening and up- 
New Mexico, composed almost entirely of building of the system his work was so 
Mexicans and Indians, hut so well did he valuable thai President Hayes asked him 
do his work that the population of the to serve as First Assistant and as Post- 
Territory held him in the very greatest master-General. After retiring from the 
respect and veneration. It was during Postoffice Departmenthe went into the De- 
his association with these people that he partmenl of Justice, where he has charge 
conceived and wrote his wonderful novel of all legal matters pertaining to the postal 
"The Fair God." system. One of the first appointments 

made by President McKinley was that of 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. Pen ' v s Heath ;,s Firs1 Assistant Post- 
master-General. Mr. Heath has brought 
Indiana furnished the country one of to the office a wide and thorough knowl- 
fche ablest of its Attorney-Generals in the edge of conditions as Avell as the spirit of 
person of W. H. H. Miller, who served in energy that has made his administration 
this capacity during the Harrison adminis- of the office the most important in its lus- 
tration. James N. Tyner was appointed tory. Tims .1. Brady served as Second 
Assistant Attorney- General tor the Post- Assistant Postmaster-General under Presi- 
office Department by President Harrison dent Hayes. W. H. H. Terrill served as 
and still serves in the same capacity tin- Third Assistanl Postmaster-General under 
der McKinley. John C. Chaney was made Grant. David P. Liebharg was made 
an assistant in the Department of Justice Superintendent of the Dead-Letter Office 
by General Harrison and served until 1893. under Harrison and continues in the same 
James Hughex was made the Judge of the capacity under McKinley. 
Court of Claims by President Lincoln. 

NAVY DEPARTMENT. 

POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT. 

While Indiana has furnished the navy 

Walter < ( >. Gresham, of Indiana, then as it has the army with many great men. 

a Republican, was the Postmaster-Genera] political lines are not drawn in this de- 

under Presidents Garfield and Arthur. partment except at the head of it. The 

In the history of the Postoffice no man State has furnished one Secretary of the 

has been more intimately connected with Navy in the person of Roberl W. Thomp 

its administration than .lames M Tyner, son. who Idled the office under President 



106 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Haves. It was the era just before the cal methods of work and expenditure, 

beginning of the new navy, a time when Small as were the naval appropriations in 

the energies of the Government were those days, at the end of L8Y9 Secretary 

Largely occupied in reducing the debt con- Thompson covered hack to the Treasury 

tracted during the Civil War. The great ¥1,500,000 of unexpended appropriations. 

feature of Mr. Thompson's administration It was his work that paved the way for 

of the office was its economy. He intro- the building of a new navy, by inducing 

duced reforms in every branch of the work systematic economy and intelligent method 

that were greatly conducive to economi- throughout the whole Naval Department. 



THE PARTY'S FUTURE. 



11RUE to the original cause of its being, 
_ the Republican party has courageously 
taken up, not only the question of provid- 
ing a sound system of finance for the 
country, but also the various problems of 
territorial expansion and government of 
alien races growing out of the Spanish- 
American war. If is reasonable to believe 
that the Republic of the United States has 
reached a point in its history where the 
two dominant parties now upon the stage 
will endure practically in their present 
form for centuries. Issues will change 
and parties may change minor principles 
according to time and circumstance, but 



in the long run these two parties will in- 
variably apply to such new problems of 
government as arise their fundamental 
principles of progress and conservatism. 
And in this busy world, where men of the 
Anglo-Saxon race have become to be do- 
ing, doing eternally, and never done, there 
can be no doubt that the Republican party, 
clinging to its principle oi progress, bring- 
ing to every issue the courage of con- 
viction and the will and strength to 
act, will be the party in the future as 
it has been in the past that shapes the 
policies and the destinies of the American 
people. 





/V-rrT^^>^ 



PARTY LEADERS. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PROMINENT MEN WHO HAVE CON- 
TRIBUTED TO THE GREATNESS OF THE REPUBLICAN 
TARTY IN INDIANA. 



BEXJ AM IX HARRISON. 

Benjamin Harrison, the twenty-third 
President of the United States, was 
born at North Bend, Ohio, August 20, 
1833. His father. John Scott Harrison, 
was the third son of General William 
Henry Harrison, ninth President of the 
United States, who was the third and 
youngest son of Benjamin Harrison, one 
of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. John Scott Harrison was twice 
married, his second wife being Elizaheth, 
daughter of Archibald Irwin, of Mercers- 
burg, Pa.; Benjamin was the second son 
of this marriage. His parents were reso- 
lutely determined upon the education of 
their children, and early in childhood 
Benjamin was placed under private in- 
struction at home. In ls-tT he and his 
elder brother were sent to a school on 
what was known as College Hill, a few- 
miles from Cincinnati. After remaining 
there two years he entered the junior class 
at Miami University, at Oxford, < Ihio, 
where he was graduated in IS52. He was 
married October 20, 1 853, to Caroline Scott, 
daughter of Dr. John W. Scott, who was 
then President of Oxford Female Semi- 
nary, from which Mrs. Harrison was 



graduated in 1 *.">:.'. After studying law 
under Storer & Gwynne, in Cincinnati, 
Mr. Harrison was admitted to the bar in 
L854, and began the practice of his pro- 
fession at Indianapolis, Ind.. which has 
since been his home. He was appointed 
crier of the Federal court, at a salary < f 
$2. 50 per day. This was the first money 
he had ever earned. Jonathan W. Gordon, 
one of the leaders of the Indianapolis bar. 
called young Harrison to his assistance 
in the prosecution of a criminal tried for 
burglary, and intrusted to him the plea 
for the State. He had taken ample notes 
of the evidence, but the case was closed at 
night, and the courthouse being dimly 
lighted by tallow candles, he was unable 
to read them when he arose to address the 
court and jury. Laying them aside, he 
depended entirely upon his memory and 
found it perfect. He made an eloquent 
plea, produced a marked impression, and 
won the case. Since then he has always 
been an impromptu speaker. He formed a 
partnership later with William Wallace, 
but in I860 the latter became clerk of 
Marion county, and the linn was changed 
to Harrison & Fishback, which was termi- 
nated by the entry of the senior partner 
into the army in 1862. He was chosen 



LOS 



IF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Reporter of the Supreme ( 'ourt of Indiana 
in I860 mi thf Republican ticket. Tin's 
was Ins first active appearance in the 
political field. When the Civil War began 
he assisted in raising the Seventieth 
Indiana Regiment of Volunteers, taking 
a second lieutenant's commission and 
raising company A of that regiment. 
Governor Morton tendered him the com- 
mand of the regiment and he was com- 
missioned itscolonel. Mr. Harrison was ap- 
pointed a Deputy Reporter for the Supreme 
('ourt. In the ensuing autumn the Demo- 
cratic State committee, considering his 
position as a civil officer vacated by this 
military appointment, nominated and 
elected a successor, although his term of 
office had not expired. Their view was 
sustained by the State Supreme Couit; but 
in 1864, while Colonel Harrison was in 
the army, the people of Indiana gave 
their judgment by re-electing him to the 
position of Reporter by an overwhelm 
in«' majority. In 1862 the Seventieth 
Indiana went into the field with Har- 
rison as its colonel, their objective point 
being Howling Green, Ky. It was 
brigaded with the Seventy-ninth Ohioand 
the ( Ine Hundred and Second. One Hundred 
and Fifth, and ( Ine Hundred and Twenty- 
ninth Illinois regiments, under Brigadier 
General Ward, of Kentucky, and this 
organization was kept unchanged until 
the dose of the war. Colonel Harrison 
had the right of the brigade, and his com- 
mand was occupied at first in guarding 
railroads and hunting guerrillas, his 
energies being largely spent in drilling his 
men. When General Rosecrans set out 
for Chattanooga. General Ward was sent 
on duty to Nashville, and on January 2, 
1864, his command was called to the front. 
Later this brigade became the first brigade 
of the third division of the Twentieth army 
corps, under General Hooker. General 
Ward resuming its command. The 
campaign under General Sherman, upon 
which his regiment with its associate 



forces entered, was directed, as is now 
known, against the Confederate army of 
General Joseph E. Johnston, and not 
against any particular place. In the 
Federal advance one of the severest actions 
was fought at Resaca, Ga., May 14 and 
15, 1864, and the Seventieth Indiana led 
the assault. His regiment participated 
in the tights at New Hope Church and at 
Golgotha Church. Eenesaw Mountain, 
and Peach Tree Creek. When Atlanta 
was taken by Sherman. September 2, 
1864, Colonel Harrison received his first 
furlough to visit home, being assigned to 
special duty in a canvass of the State to 
recruit for forces in the field. Returning 
to Chattanooga and then to Nashville, he 
was placed in command of a provisional 
brigade held in reserve at the battle at the 
latter place (December 15 and K'>. 1S<I4). 
and was but little engaged. When the 
fight was over he was sent in pursuit of 
the Confederate General Hood. Recalled 
from that pursuit, he was next ordered to 
report to General Sherman at Savannah. 
While passing through New York he suc- 
cumbed to an attack of scarlet fever, but 
in a few weeks was able to proceed on his 
way. .Joining Sherman at Goldsboro, 
N. C he resumed command of his old 
brigade, and at the close of the war went 
with it to Washington to take part in the 
grand review of the armies. He was duly 
mustered out of service June 8, 1865, not, 
however, until he had received a commis- 
sion as Brevet Brigadier-General, dated 
January 23, 1865. Returning to Indiana- 
polis after the war. he resumed his office of 
Reporter of the Supreme Court, hut in 1867 
declined a renomination, preferring to 
devote himself exclusively to the practice 
of law. Hebecamea memberof thefirmof 
Porter, Harrison A; Fishback, and. after 
subsequent changes, of that of Harrison. 
Miller & Elam. He took part in 1868 and 
IS72 in the Presidential campaigns in the 
support of General Grant, traveling over 
Indiana and speaking to large audiences 



OF THE STATE OF INIH \NA. 109 

In 1876 at first he declined a nomination for HENRY S LANE 

Governor on the Republican ticket, con- 
senting to run only after the regular It is doubtful if there was ever a man 

nominee had withdrawn. In this contest in the country whose popularity si I more 

lie received almost 2,000 more votes than firm and green and deeply rooted for more 
his associates, but was defeated. He was than forty years than that of Henry S. 
a member of the Mississippi river commis- Lane. It was as well won as worn. too. 
sion in 1879. In LS80, as chairman of the for in a life filling the scriptural limit, 
Indiana delegation in the Republican most of it in the public service, all of it in 
National convention, he cast nearly the public view, there was never a spot seen 
entire vote of the State for James A. on his character, and Washington's fame. 
Garfield for President. President Garfield however higher, is nol purer. Without 
offered him a place in his cabinet, bul he any obtrusiveness of religious sentiment. 
declined it. preferring the Tinted States his sincere religious convictions made him 
Senatorship from Indiana, to which he a faithful follower of his Master in all he 
had just been chosen, and which he held did, and even purified his speech of the 
from 1881 to 1887. In the Senate he little humorous indelicacies that nearly 
advocated the tariff views of his party, sixty years ago did not a little to give 
opposed President Cleveland's vetoes of him his remarkable attention and sym- 
pension bills, urged the reconstruction and pathy of a backwoods audience. He was 
upbuilding of the navy, and labored and a noble, generous and singularly-gifted 
voted for civil service reform. He was a man, and all his life long the people of In- 
delegate at large to the Republican diana recognized and honored him. 
National convention in L8S4, and in 1888 Henry Smith Lane was horn in Mont 
at Chicago was nominated for the Presi- gomery county. Kentucky. February i'4. 
dency on the eighth ballot. The nomina- L811. His father was a farmer, and had 
tion was made unanimous, and in No- distinguished himself in the numerous and 
vember he was elected, receiving 233 bloody conflicts with the Indians which 
electoral votes to 1 68 for Grover Cleveland, marked the history of Kentucky at that 
He was inaugurated .March 4. 1SS9. He time. Henry worked on the farm, raak- 
was again nominated for the Presidency ing the most of his opportunities for at- 
at the National Republican convention tending school until he reached the age of 
which met at Minneapolis in ls'.ii', hut sixteen, when, with Judge Silas W. Bob- 
was defeated at the November election, bins, he took up a higher course of study, 
receiving 1-L> electoral votes against 276 and after pursuing these studies for two 
votes for Crover Cleveland. Upon retiring years he determined upon the law as a 
from office General Harrison returned profession, and at the age of eighteen be- 
to his home in Indianapolis and resumed gan to read law in the office of Col. J. 
the practice of law. Since then his time Sudduth, contriving to support himself by 
has been satisfactorily occupied as counsel practicing economy in all thiugs. He was 
in some of the most important legal admitted to the bar in 1S32, but remained 
controversies which have arisen throughout in Kentucky but two years thereafter, re- 
the country. In every campaign which moving to Indiana in L83-1. He located 
has been waged since then his voice has in the practice of law at Crawfordsville, 
been raised in behalf of his party and his forming a partnership with [saac Naylor. 
mighty influence has been felt in the pro- Upon the election of Mr. Naylor to the 
motion of sound principles and good gov- office of Circuit Judge, Mr. Lane became 
eminent. the law partner of Samuel ('. \\ illson, 



11(1 



HISTORY OK T1IK KKIM'BI ,I< ' AN PARTY 



and this partnership continued until L854, 
Mr. Lane retiriug from the practice of law 
at that time. After L854 he was never 
occupied with any private business except 

his interest in the banking house of his 
father-in-law. Major Elston. As a lawyer 
Mr. Lane excelled in some things, hut fell 
short in others, though more from a lack 
of desire to strive for the honors than 
from inability to capture them. As a 
jury lawyer he was probably without an 
equal in his day. His natural powers of 
oratory, of the plain and forceful character 
which needs little cultivation, commanded 
the earnest attention of a jury and never 
failed to make a deep impression. Hut 
although an able lawyer, the political 
prominence which attached to him early 
in life overshadowed and obscured his legal 
reputation. It is said that in some parts 
of the State, where he became very popular 
in his political career, it was not generally 
known that he was a lawyer. 

His political career began by an election 
to the State legislature in L837. In L840 
he was elected to Congress in the great 
Harrison "hard cider" campaign, over 
Edward A. Hannegan. later United States 
Senator, and later Minister to Prussia. 
In that contest, though but 29 years of 
age, and hut six years a resident of Indi- 
ana, Mi'. Lane not only laid the founda- 
tion hut built the superstructure of his 
fame solidly and durably, for his last in- 
active years fed on the reputation won a 
generation before. In the Indiana Con- 
gressional delegation of that year he was 
admirably mated by the most brilliant 
company of young orators ever known in 
the State .Mr. Lane was the best known 
and probably the most popular of them. 
His fund of apt and funny stories had not 
a little to do with the demand for him in 
the campaigns of that time. 

In Congress, at the extra session of the 
spring of L841, Mr. Lane made no effort 
to attract attention. No occasions arose 
for those impromptu outbreaks of feeling. 



sweeping away any strength of argument. 
so striking a feature of his genius, till the 
proposition to pay the widow of President 
Harrison the salary of his full term was 
made, and resisted by the Democrats, 
whose exasperation was unmanly enough 
to right a widow's allowance. Joseph 
Little White was appointed to speak for 
the Indiana delegation, but although lie 
was a brilliant orator, he had polished the 
enthusiasm out of his speech, and what 
remained was but strained effort. Mr. 
Lane was unexpectedly called up by some- 
thing said by some one of the opponents 
of the proposition For half an hour he 
amazed an delighted both parties, and 
more than any other man inspired the 
feeling that finally made the appropria- 
tion. Never at that session, nor ever in 
ten years of Congressional life, did he at- 
tempt to play the statesman further than 
by able and judicious advocacy or resist- 
ance of the measures of others. His was 
not a constructive or executive genius, and 
his name is connected with no important 
public measure. He was a leader of men. 
a moulder of opinion and action, but not 
a maker of laws or politics. He was re- 
elected to the House in 1*42. over Major 
John Bryce. In 1*4-1 he stumped the 
State for Clay with more energy than he 
had used for himself and party in 1840. 
Clay was his ideal statesman and the idol 
of his partisan adoration, and his defeat 
put an end to the political career of his 
admirer for sixteen years. He resumed 
the practice of his profession, fully expect- 
ing to spend the rest of his life in the 
practice of law. hut only two years after 
his retirement from Congress the .Mexican 
War broke out. and he at once organized 
a company which became a part of the 
First Indiana Regiment, and with which 
Lane served as first major and later as 
lieutenant-colonel. The regiment served 
the greater part of the war guarding the 
mouth of the Bio Grande at Matamoras, 
and never had a chance to tiyht. Malarial 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



Ill 



and camp diseases made worse inroads in 
the regiment than half a dozen ordinary 
Mexican battles would have made, and the 
regiment brought home little glory beyond 
doing a weary and obscure duty faith- 
fully. 

For some half dozen years after his 
return from Mexico he gave himself wholly 
to his profession, only appearing in occa- 
sional campaign speeches, but more prom- 
inently for the forerunner of the Repub- 
lican party, the People's party of 1854. 
In all the conventions, mass meetings and 
rallies of his party at that time, Mr. Lane 
figured prominently. Some of his speeches 
of that period were taken up by his party 
all over the country. The combination of 
inanimate Whiggery, Free-Soilism, Know- 
Nothingism, and Maine- Lawism carried 
the State officers and the Lower House of 
the legislature, but the Democrats held 
the Senate. Mr. Lane was an ardent 
supporter of Joseph (!. Marshall for the 
National Senate to replace John Pettit. 
Although there were enough Republicans 
in the House to control on joint ballot, the 
Democratic Senate beat off the election. 
Marshall died soon afterwards, leaving liis 
mantle to fall on Mr. Lane's shoulders. 
who thenceforward to the civil war was 
the recognized leader of the Republican 
party in Indiana. In 1*57 the Democrats 
controlled the Lower House of the legis- 
lature, while tlie Republicans held the 
Senate. The Democrats, without any as- 
sent of the Senate, held a quasi-convention 
and elected Jesse D. Bright and Gra 
ham N. Fitch to the Senate. The following 
election gave the Republicans mastery of 
both houses in 1859, and they elected 
Henry S. Lane and Monroe McCarty — a 
Liberal Democrat — to displace the informal 
election of 1857. Mr. Lane accepted the 
honor, although he well knew that the 
Democratic Pro-Slavery Senate would not 
exclude two such convenient tools as Bright 
and Fitch for two such anti-slavery men 



as McCarty and himself, and bis predic- 
tions were correct. The affair served. 
however, as a recognition of his leader- 
ship, and increased his popularity, and 
widened his local fame into a. National 
reputation. 

At the first National Republican con- 
vention he made one of his characteristic 
speeches, so apt, so humorous, and so ad 
mirably effective, that the whole country 
rang with it. and he was made permanent 
president of the convention at Philadel- 
phia, June 17, 185.6, which nominated 
John C. Fremont for President, and Wil- 
liam L. Dayton for Vice-President, the 
first organized effort to stay the flood of 
slavery with force enough to make itself 
felt and feared. 

Mr. Lane was nominated for Governor 
Feb. 22, I860, with Oliver P. Morton for 
Lieutenant-Governor, the strongest team 
ever set to pull a ticket through in this 
or any other State. Working to the same 
end, with all their might, at the same 
time, they redeemed the State and with 
but two or three disturbing occasions, 
kept it safe for fourteen years. 

On the 14th of January, 1861, Mr. 
Lane was inaugurated Governor, and on 
the 17th was elected to the United States 
Senate, in accordance with what, if not 
the definite understanding of the Repub- 
lican leaders, was the general expectation 
of the party. Lieutenant-Governor Mor- 
ton succeeded him as Governor. The 
Senate was an indifferent Held for the 
exercise of his peculiar talents and he 
never made a figure there commensurate 
with his popular reputation and real 
ability. He was not a debater, though 
one of the readiest and most copious of 
speakers. Resolute in his convictions and 
conclusions as he was, he was never pug- 
nacious, always avoiding unnecessary dis- 
pute. After the expiration of his Sena- 
torial term he never re-entered political 
life, and never again undertook any 



I 12 



H-' THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 




public service except as I ndian Peace ( !om- 
missioner appointed by General Grant. 

Col. I jane was twice married ; tirst. to 
Miss Pamela Bledsoe Jameson, of his old 

Kentucky neighbor!) 1. who died while 

at Washington with him in 1842, and 
three years later he married Miss Joanna 
Piston, the talented daughter of Major 
Isaac Elston, of ( 'ra wt'ordsville. with whom 
he was afterwards associated in the bank 
ing business. 

Col. Lane died very suddenly on June 
I'-'ih. 1881, of neuralgia of the heart, in 
his seventieth year. His death was keenly 
felt all over the State, for though he had 
long since retired from the public view, 
his popularity had never waned. Pells 
were tolled all over the State and flags 
were put at half mast. Genuine mourning 
prevailed, 

In his social relations Col. Lane was 
one of the kindest and most genial of men. 
Hi' was a pure, true and courteous gentle- 
man, and not the less a genuine Christian; 
that he made no parade of religious senti- 
ments. All his life was mellowed hv a 



sympathetic kindness, which stood out so 
prominently in his noble character. His 
lack of a strong ambition made him the 
better man, though the less powerful 
leader. His terrible powers of ridicule he 
seldom used in argument, hut when he 
did few cared to be its object. His ambi- 
tion was none of the gaudy kind, or he 
would have made his rare abilities a terror 
to rivals As it washe never had rivals — 
only friends. 

FREMONT GOODWINE. 

The story of the life of Fremont Good wine 
is full of struggles under unfavorable cir- 
cumstances, triumphs over which have 
given so many of America's great men 
just reason to feel proud of their record 
and personal achievements. Mr. Good- 
wine began life on the farm of his father, 
-lames Goodwine, near West Lebanon, 
Indiana, May 22, 1857. As a boy he 
struggled along for an education in the 
winter time in the country schools, work- 
ing on the farm in the summer. He at- 
tended the West Lebanon High School 
and finished his education at Purdue Uni- 
versity. After leaving college Mr. Good- 
wine's first occupation was that of a 
teacher in the country district school at 
$40 per month. Pater he worked for the 
H. K. & E. Railway Company, as agent. 
at a salary of $29 per month, after which 
he was elected superintendent of the city 
schools of West Lebanon at the age of 
twenty-three years, in which position he 
continued for six years. In 1887 Mi'. 
Goodwine was elected County School 
Superintendeni of Warren county, and 
served with credit for six years. In the 
following year. 1893, he organized the 
Williamsport State Bank, with a capital 
stock of $50,000, became its first president 
and still holds that office in the company. 
He assisted in organizing the Williams- 
port Stone Company and the Warren 
County Dry Goods Company, in Williams 
port and the Farmers Bank at West 



OF THE STATE ( >F INDIANA. 



Lebanon, in each of which corporations 
he is a director. He is also a stockholder 
and director in the Winona Assembly and 
Summer School at Winona Lake, Indiana. 

As an honorable and upright politician 
Mr. (rood wine has the entire confidence of 
his constituents in the Senatorial district 
composed of the counties of Warren. 
Benton and Fountain, from which he was 
elected to the State Senate in lS9f>. Mr. 
Goodwine served in the Senate in the leg- 
islatures of 1897 and 1899, in which latter 
body he was the Chairman of the Senate 
Education Committee, and the author of 
the Goodwine State Board of Education 
bill. He was appointed by Governor 
Mount a member of the special legislative 
committee to visit the State institutions. 
for which his business abilities and expe- 
rience well qualified him. The commission 
made a valuable report to the legislature 
of 1899, which is the most complete de- 
scription of the State institutions with the 
detailed account of their expenditures and 
needs which was ever published, and is re- 
garded highly as a book of reference along 
the lines of State institutions. 

Mr. Goodwine has been twice married: 
first, at West Lebanon, Indiana, in 187S. 
to Miss Etta A. Walker, deceased; and 
second, at Green Hill, Indiana, to .Mary 
J. Moore, in 1890. He has two children. 
Jeanne Gladys and Marjorie. He is a 
member of the University Club, of Indi- 
anapolis, and a member of the orders of 
F. & A. M.. K. of P.. O. E. S.. K. ( >. T. M.. 
R. A. M.. Scottish Rite Masons, and a 
member of the Sigma ( 'hi Fraternity. 

Besides his reputation as a politician 
and a banker. Mr. Goodwine is well known 
as a practical farmer. He personally 
directs the management of 1,300 acres of 
farm land, raising all farm products and 
considerable stock. He was a delegate to 
the Farmers' National Congress at St. 
Paul in 1897. Mi-. Goodwine is not a 
farmer by residence, however. He resides 
in a beautiful home in Williamsport, with 
which his farms are connected by telephone. 




NICHOLAS FILBECK. 

Nicholas Filbeck, of Terre Haute, is 
one of the most active and best known of 
Indiana Republicans. He was born on 
December 14. 1^4:'.. in Y T iemheim. Hesse 
Darmstadt. Germany, the son of Philip 
and Anna Marie Filbeck lb- came to 
America with his parents from Germany 
in 1S47, residing in Indianapolis until 
Is.".: 1 .. His family then removed to Terre 
Haute, where his father was engaged in 
the grocery and milling business until bis 
death in 1st;.",. 

Mr. Filbeck's early education was ac- 
quired in the public school of Terre Haute, 
and then went to work tot- his father in 
the grocery business, where be remained 
four years, and then enlisted in the army 
for the Civil War. < 'n hi- return from 
war. Mr. Filbeck continued in the milling 
business with his father until the latter'- 



114 



HISToUY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



death, and then entered the hotel busi- 
ness, in which he lias since successfully 
continued in Terre Haute. 

Mr. Filbeck entered the army as a pri- 
vate in Company E. Thirty-Second Regi- 
ment Indiana Volunteers. Hewasoffered 
a promotion for gallant service in battle, 
over all the other noncommissioned offi- 
cers, to orderly sergeant, hut declined it. 
He was wounded in the right leg at the 
battle of Stone River. 

Mr. Filheck's political ability is of the 
highest order. He has served on the lie- 
publican committees of Vigo county since 
1865. He was elected secretary of the 
committee in 1867, and in 1*71'. through 
the resignation of a discouraged chairman. 
he was offered the chairmanship of the 
committee, and being urged to do so by a 
number of the most prominent Republi- 
cans of Indiana, including Governor Mor- 
ton, he accepted it and served several 
years in that capacity. He has also served 
on the State committees several terms and 
is known to Republican leaders as a thor- 
oughly capable and energetic party worker. 
He was appointed Postmaster of Terre 
Haute in 1873 by President Grant and re- 
appointed by President Hayes, serving 
eight years with great credit to himself 
and party. There have been few Na- 
tional, State or District conventions since 
1865 which Mr. Filbeck has not attended. 
and generally in the capacity of a dele- 
gate. He is, of course, best known in 
Western Indiana, and possesses the high 
esteem of his fellow citizens. 

Mr. Filbeck is a member of the Terre 
Haute Club, the Commercial Club, a 
Mason, a member of the G. A. P., Tribe 
of Ben Hur. Veterans" Association. A. < >. 
U. W. and Germania Societies. He was 
married in 1867 to Miss Rosina Fiefner, 
of Lawrence county, Illinois. They have 
five children. Anna Marie, Catherine 
Louise, Charles Henry. Rutherford Nicho- 
las and Xelle Cecelia, 



CHAELES WARREN FAIRBANKS. 

We are fond of talking of "the giants 
of the past*" and those of us who happen 
to be poets or old women are prone to 
dream of the wonderful times gone by: 
but the plain truth, freely recognized by 
every student of the world's history, is 
that the present is the strongest generation 
of men the world has ever known. It is 
the age of great things, when the genius 
of a Kitchener in accomplishing a feat 
that the greatest generals of the world, 
from Cyrus and Alexander down to Tam- 
erlane and Napoleon, have partly failed in 
excites but the comment of a day. when 
the upbuilding of a Chicago into a greater 
city than Rome ever was is taken as a 
matter of course and when even the con- 
quest of the great forces of nature is a 
story of the every day. Better still, it is 
the age when mind and force of character 
make for individual greatness, instead of 
the accident of birth or the favoritism of 
kings. 

He who would win in the free and tierce 
competition of to-day must be equipped for 
the struggle with intellect to comprehend 
things in their just proportion, with pluck 
that recognizes no discouragement and 
with a patient industry that knows no 
fatigue. These and the commoner virtues 
he must have to win even a niche of 
mediocrity among the world's workers, 
but to accomplish greater things he must 
add honesty of purpose, the genius of com- 
mand and forceful motive that aims broad- 
ly and courageously at the betterment of 
humanity. These are the qualities that 
have brought Charles Warren Fairbanks 
from the humble station of a farmer's lad 
to the position of one of a few men con- 
tn tiling the destinies of the greatest Repub- 
lic the world has known. 

Mr. Fairbanks was born May ] 1. 1852, 
on his father's farm in Union county. ( >hio. 
His parents, Loreston M. and Mary A. 
Fairbanks, were natives of Vermont and 




C^u^C^ U/^ 4 yv^L4-th^^t<f 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



115 



New York and had emigrated to the wil- 
derness in 1 836. The boy attended the 
country school and worked on Ins father's 
farm, worked none the less patiently and 
industriously because he hoped to leave 
the farm behind and launch into a greater 
and broader life when he reached man- 
hood. When the time came he was aide 
to go to college, where he hoped to fit him- 
self for the profession of law. At the age 
of fifteen he was ready and entered the 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware. 
There he met and fell in love with Miss 
Cornelia Cole, a fellow student, daughter 
of Judge P. B. Cole, of Marysville, Ohio. 
The affection was returned and the college 
days were days of happiness. But they 
were days of work as well and no student 
ever went through the university who ac- 
complished more than young Fairbanks. 
In addition to his classroom work, during 
his senior year be edited the Western 
Collegian, the college publication. He 
graduated in the classical course in ls72 
and spent the next two years in the study 
of law. supporting himself in the mean- 
time by newspaper work in Pittsburg and 
Cleveland. In 1874 he was admitted to 
the bar by the Supreme Court of Ohio and 
removed to Indianapolis to begin the prac- 
tice of law. He looked to the future with- 
out fear and soon after removing to the 
field of his life work the attachment that 
bad been begun in college was crowned 
with marriage ami he and his bride started 
out to meet the world together. Long- 
years of serene domestic happiness have 
blessed the marriage and this first and 
only love of his life has made bis home not 
only a haven of rest from the cares of the 
world hut also a constant source of sympa- 
thetic encouragement ami help. 

A great law practice was not built up 
in a day nor in a year and Air. Fairbanks 
suffered the same discouragements and 
delays that fall to the lot of every young 
man who opens a law office in a compara- 
tively strange city. But he worked ener- 



getically and Won tile eases he secured, 
lived economically, contracted no debts 
and kept his record clean. Such a lite will 
always win respect in an American com- 
munity and he invariably won the confi- 
dence and good will of those with whom 
he came in contact. Mr. Fairbanks was 
quick to see that the great prizes of the 
legal profession lay in equity practice in 
the Federal courts. In time his practice 
branched out until he was employed in 
many of the most important cases that 
arose in the Federal courts of Indiana and 
adjoining States. His fame as a great 
lawyer and man of sound judgment in 
large affairs spread to New York and he- 
fore he was thirty-five his counsel was 
sought in various important transactions 
and legal controversies in various parts of 
the country. EastandWest. The problem 
of living was solved and solved hand- 
somely, but he realized thoroughly that 
the question of money-making was not by 
any means all there is in life, hut that a 
comfortable fortune simply gives the basis 
of safety and leisure for greater things. 
He devoted not a little of his energy and 
ability to educational and religious mat- 
ters, acting as trustee of the ( >hio Wesleyan 
University and the Meridian street Metho- 
dist church in Indianapolis and helping to 
found the Indiana Law School. He also 
participated prominently in the movement 
to establish the Consumers' Gas Trust, a 
co-operative enterprise by which natural 
gas has been supplied to the people of 

Indianapolis at cost. 

While never seeking office, and in fact 
declining several that were tendered to 
him. he took an active interest in political 
affairs from the start and contributed 
freely of his time, ability ami money for 
the success of Republican principles. It 
was not long until his services as a speaker 
were in demand, not only in Indiana hut in 
many other States. When .Judge Gresham 
was a candidate for the Presidential nomi 
nation, in ISS8, his followers naturally 



in; 



IF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



looked to Mr. Fairbanks, as the most promi- 
nciit of his friends, for leadership. He 
made a gallant fight and a loyal one, bu1 

when it was over and Harrison was nomi- 
nated, Mr. Fairbanks was the first to begin 

active work for his flection, redoubling 
his efforts. In 1892 he worked actively 
for the renomination of ( ren. Harrison and 
gave up more than six months of arduous 
work for his election, traveling day and 
night and often making two speeches a 
day. He presided over the Indiana State 
convention that year and his convention 
speech served as the keynote of the cam- 
paign in Indiana. 

The Republican minority in the legis- 
lature of 1893 cast its complimentary vote 
for him for the Senatorship and when the 
party was reorganized, in 1894, he was 
looked upon as its undisputed leader. In 
]s;n>. when the crucial question of what 
position the party should take on the sil- 
ver question came up, he exercised a very 
effective influence iii shaping its policy. 
As had been the case for a number of 
years, he was asked to act as chairman of 
a subcommittee for the purpose of draft- 
ing a platform to he presented to the reso- 
lutions committee of the State convention. 
He drafted the famous plank of the Indi- 
ana platform that had so much to do with 
causing the National convention at St. 
Louis, a few weeks later, to declare for 
the gold standard. The State convention 
chose him as one of the delegates at large 
to the National convention and he was 
unanimously chosen as temporary presid- 
ing officer for the National gathering. 
He was known at St. Louis as one of the 
leaders of the movement to nominate 
Mc'Kinley and has ever since been one of 
the President's closest friends and most 
trusted advisers. 

As temporary chairman of the conven- 
tion lie was expected to make an address 
and it is easier to understand the heavy 
responsibility involved in this when we re- 
call the fact that at that time both parties 



were very much at sea upon the silver 
question and the speech of the temporary 

chairman was likely to have great effect 
in shaping the deliberations of the conven- 
tion. In the light of subsequent events 
Mr. Fairbanks' broad comprehension of 
the situation seems almost pathetic. In 
discussing this question he said: 

"Those who profess to believe that this 
Government can. independently of the other 
great commercial powers, open its mints 
to the free and independent coinage of 
silver at a ratio of 16 to 1. when the com- 
mercial ratio in all the great markets is 
30 to 1. and at the same time not drive 
every dollar of gold out of circulation, hut 
deceive themselves. Great and splendid 
and powerful as our Government is. it can- 
not accomplish the impossible. It cannot 
create value. It has not the alchemist's 
subtle art of transmitting unlimited silver 
into gold; nor can it. by omnipotent Hat. 
make fifty cents worth 100 cents. As 
well undertake by a resolution of Congress 
to suspend the law of gravitation as at- 
tempt to compel an unlimited number of 
fifty-cent dollars to circulate with one- 
hundred-cent dollars at a parity with each 
other. An attempt to compel unlimited 
dollars of such unequal value to circulate 
at a parity is had in morals and is vicious 
in policy. Sound thinkers on the great 
question of currency knew from the be- 
ginning of the experiment how miserable 
and how certain it would fail. The com- 
merce of the country would he again 
thrown upon the sea of uncertainty and 
the specter of want would continue to 
haunt us for years to come. Upon opening 
our mints to the independent free coinage 
of silver foreign credits would he with- 
drawn and domestic credits would he 
greatly curtailed. More than this, there 
would he a certain and sudden contraction 
of our currency by the expulsion of $620,- 
000,000 of gold, and our paper and silver 
currency would instantly and greatly de- 
preciate in purchasing power. But one 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 117 

result would follow this : Enterprise would currencj'. The laborer know*, thai the 
be further embarrassed, business demor- money earned by his toil is as lionestashis 
alization would he increased, and still labor, and that it is of unquestioned pur- 
further and serious injury would he in- chasing power. He likewise knows that 
tlieted on the laborers, the farmers and it requires as mucb labor in earn a poor 
merchants, and all those whose welfare dollar as it does to earn a good one; and he 
depends upon a wholesome commerce. also knows that if pour money is abroad it 

• - A change from the present standard surely finds its way into his pocket. 
to the low silver standard would cut down "We protest against lowering our 
the recompense of labor, reduce the value standard of commercial honor. We stand 
of the savings in savings hanks ami build- against the Democratic attempt to degrade 
ing and loan associations, salaries and our currency to the low level of Mexico, 
incomes would shrink, pensions would he China. India and Japan. The present high 
cut in two. the beneficiaries of lif e insur- standard of our currency, our labor and 
ance would suffer — in short, the injury our flag will be sacredly protected and pre- 
would he so universal and far reaching served by the Republican party." 
that a radical change can be contemplated After the terrific struggle of L896 tin- 
only with the gravest apprehension. Republicans found themselves with a ma- 

"A sound currency is one of the essen- jority in both branches of the legislature 

tial instruments in developing our com- which was to elect a successor to Senator 

merce. It is the purpose of the Republican Voorhees. There had been a general 

party not only to develop our domestic feeling that Mr. Fairbanks should be 

trade, but to extend our commerce into the next Senator, and this feeling was so 

the uttermost parts of the earth. We deeply rooted in the party that when the 

should not begin our contest for commer- friends of W. R. McKeen, of Terre Haute, 

cial supremacy by destroying our currency announced him as a candidate and made 

standard. All the leading powers with a warm campaign for him. they were un- 

which we must compete suspended the free able to make any progress, and on the eve 

coinage of silver when the increased pro- of the Senatorial caucus his name was 

duction of silver forced the commercial withdrawn and the nomination went to 

ratio of silver above the coinage ratio in Mr. Fairbanks by acclamation. He was 

gold. Shall we ignore their ripened ex- elected in due time and assumed office 

perience? Shall we attempt what they March 4. LM'7. 

found utterly impossible ? Shall it he said Mr. Fairbanks had the advantage of 

that our standard is below theirs? being a man of National reputation before 

"You cannot build prosperity upon a he entered the Senate, with such a general 

debased and fluctuating currency; as well and intimate acquaintance among the 

undertake to build upon the changing members that he was not expected to serve 

sands of the seas. A sound currency de- the usual apprenticeship of a term before 

frauds no one. It is good alike in the accomplishing anything. From the start 

hands of the employe and employer, the he took a prominent part in legislation, 

laborer and the capitalist. Upon faith in and his ability was recognized with the 

its worth, its stability, we go forward appointment as chairman of the important 

planning for the future. The capitalist committee on immigration. The same 

erects his factories, acquires his materials, keen intelligence, breadth of view and 

employs his artisans, mechanics and labor- soundness of judgment that had won him 

ers. He is confident that his margin will such prominence in his profession soon 

not he swept away by fluctuations in the earned him a large place in the councils of 



HISTORY OF TDK REPUBLICAN PARTY 





k oCyr^tuA 



the Nation, and duriugthe trying war times 
of L898 his counsel was much sought. 
When tile United States and Great Britain 
agreed to form a joint high commission for 

the discussion and settlement of various 
questions in dispute between this country 
and Canada, Mr. Fairbanks was chosen as 
the chairman of the American part of this 
distinguished body, and, though its work- 
is not yet completed, his conduct of the 
negotiations has won him further honor 
and distinction. 

Mr. Fairbanks takes his political service 
as seriously as he did his professional work, 
not hesitating to give to his country the 
very best there is in him in untiring work, 
conscientious thought and patriotic mo- 
tive. Though just entering the prime of 
lite, he lias accomplished much more than 
is done by the man ordinarily accounted 
great, and yet he regards his life work as 
but fairly begun. In the full vigor of 
manhood and with unimpaired health, it 

is but reasonable to believe that lie lias 



before him many years of high useful- 
ness to his country and to humanity. 

JACOB D. EARLY. 

Senator Jacob D. Early, of Terre 

Haute, is well known as one of the lead- 
ing Republican members of the Indiana 
Senate, and is one of the most efficient 
and reputable lawyers of the State. His 
legal ability was quickly recognized in the 
Senate, where, in the session of L897, he 
served as chairman of the committee on 
the revision of the constitution, and in 
L899 as chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee. His influence is always felt. 
though more through a silent, consistent 
attitude upon questions than through 
what he says, though his remarks are 
sound in logic, and have great weight. 
Senator Early is extremely popular with 
all who know him and his ability and 
strong character have ever commanded 
the respect of his associates. 

Jacob Drennan Early was born in Terre 
Haute, Indiana. Nov. 4. L859. His father, 
Samuel Stockwell Early, being a banker 
and pork packer. Senator Early traces 
his descent to Thomas Early, who came to 
America in 174-2. He is a great-great- 
grandson of Charles A. Warfield, of Mary- 
land, a Major in the Revolutionary War. 
He is a grandson of General T. B. An- 
drews, Paymaster- General of the Union 
army in the War of the Rebellion. 

Mr. Early received his early education 
in Dr. Atkinson's School in Baltimore. 
He graduated first in his class at Kenyon 
College in L879. Later he studied law at 
the University of Virginia, and was ad- 
mitted to the liar at Terre Haute in Sep- 
tember. L883. Since then he has been 
very successfully engaged in the practice 
of law at Terre Haute, and is recognized 
as one of the leading lawyers of Western 
Indiana. 

He was a member of the Republican 
State Central Committee in 1 ss4 and was 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



119 



a member <>f tlie executive committee in 
1886. He was a delegate to the Republican 
National convention in L888 which nomin- 
ated General Harrison for the Presidency. 

He was elected to the Indiana Senate 
in 1896 and immediately took a high rank 
in that body. In 1897 he introduced the 
bills for the two constitutional amend- 
ments which are now pending and which 
will be voted upon in 1900, one giving the 
legislature the right to determine the 
qualifications necessary for admission to 
the bar and the other providing for the 
increase of the Supreme Court, both passed 
by the legislatures of 1897 and 1S99. 

Senator Early is a thirty-second degree 
Mason and a Noble of the Mystic Shrine. 
Son of the American Revolution. Phi Beta 
Kappa and the college fraternity. Psi Up- 
silon. He is a member of the Terre Haute 
Club and of the Columbia Clubof Indiana 
polis. 



ROBERT E. MANSFIELD. 

Robert E. Mansfield, owner and ed- 
itor of the Million Morn iiii/ News, is one 
of the active workers among the younger 
class of Republicans in Indiana, and has 
been prominently identified with the party 
organization in the State during the past 
ten years. He was born on a farm in 
Decatur county. Iowa. June 13, l v ii">. 
His father. R. C Mansfield, and his mother, 
whose maiden name was Thornburg. were 
natives of Delaware county, Indiana, his 
ancestors being the pioneers of that county. 
He is of Scotch-Irish stock, being a lineal 
descendant of the Irish patriot and martyr. 
Robert Emmet, for whom he was named. 

Mr. Mansfield received his education in 
the common schools of his native county. 
In l*s4 he came to Indiana, locating in 
New Castle, where he became city editor 
of the New < 'astle ( 'ourier, and since then 
his time has been divided between politics 
and journalism. In l^s? he was elected 
city clerk of New Castle, and it was there 




u^W^JcX^ 



that he acquired a taste for politics and 
sin iwed a genius f< >r < >rganizati< >n that later 
led him into the broader field of party work- 
in the State. 

In 1890 Mr. Mansfield was chosen as 
assistant -secretary of the Republican state 
committee, under chairman Michener and 
secretary Millikan. At the close of the 
campaign he went to Muncie, Ind.. where 
he became city editor of the Daily Times. 
and later became city editor of the Morn 
/in/ NeiCS of that city. In IS91 here 
turned to Indianapolis, where be became 
connected with the Indianapolis Journal. 

At tlie annual meeting of the Indiana 
Lincoln League, in 1 >'.':.'. he was unani- 
mously elected secretary of the organiza- 
tion, and at once took charge of the work 
of organizing a system of clubs through- 
out the State. 

After the campaign of 1892, be again 
took up newspaper work in which he con- 
tinued until IS9±, when he was for the 
second time unanimously elected Secretary 



HISTORY <)F THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



nf the Indiana League of Republican Chilis, 
and was identified with the organization 
of the party in the campaign of 1894, when 
tlie Republicans carried the State by the 
largest majority ever given for any party 
in the history of Indiana polities. 

An extensive acquaintance throughout 
the State and a thorough knowledge of 
the detail work of the party organization, 
acquired during his connection with the 
committee in the campaigns of 1890, 1892 
and 1894, made him the logical candidate 
for the secretaryship of the State com- 
mittee in 1896, and at the reorganization 
of the party for the National campaign he 
was elected to thai position. And it was 
in the McKinley campaign of L896, when 
the party organization in the State was 
torn with internal dissensions, and con 
fronted with a new and dangerous issue, 
the free silver fallacy, that Mr. Mansfield's 
ability as an organizer was demonstrated. 
When hitter factional feeling threatened 
to disrupt the party and destroy the effi- 
ciency of the State organization, the secre- 
tary, with rare tact and diplomacy, acting 
in the capacity of pacifier and harmonizer 
with the conflicting elements, was a potent 
factor in diverting a party disaster, and is 
entitled to much of the credit for perfect- 
ing one of the most effective organizations 

ever secured ill the State. His executive 

ability and his faculty tor detail organi- 
zation enabled him to execute promptly 
all the plans of the State committee, 
which made him popular, not only with 
the organization, hut with the party 
workers throughout the State. 

When the election was past and one of 
the most notable victories ever achieved in 
the history of Indiana politics, including 
the election of a majority in both branches 
of the legislature, which resulted in the 
election of a Republican United States Sen- 
ator, secretary Mansfield was given a large 
-hare ,,f the credit for the splendid results. 



After the election of L896, the secretary 
of the committee remained in Indianapolis, 
ami with other Republican leaders devoted 
his time previous to the convening of the 
legislature to the preparation of some party 
measures which were enacted into laws by 
the legislature. 

Mr. Mansfield is not an orator, hut an 
organizer; he is quiet and unassuming, 
but possesses splendid executive ability. 
He has the happy faculty of enlisting the 
interest anil co-operation of politicians, 
and of harmonizing and bringing together 
the different elements of the party. He 
has a genial personality and carries into 
his political work an enthusiasm that is 
always a strong point in his favor. 

In 189 ( Mr. Mansfield purchased the 
Marion, hid.. Morning News and has since 
given his time to the management of the 
property. His long and varied experience 
in politics and journalism especially fit 
him for the management of a party paper, 
and The Neivs is recognized as one of the 
ablest and hest edited papers in Northern 
Indiana. In 1899, Mr. Mansfield, after 
having declined several Federal appoint- 
ments tendered him. accepted the post of 
Consul to Zanzibar. 



ALBERT A. SMALL 

Albert A. Small was born in Me- 
chanicsburg, Indiana, on November in. 

1 >• 5 7 . He graduated from Indiana As- 
bury, now DePauw, University, in 1882, 
ami received the degree of A. M. in 1885. 
After leaving college .Mr. Small located at 
Anderson, Indiana, and began the practice 
of law. where he now resides and continues 
the practice of his chosen profession. 

Mr. Small is one of the most patriotic, 
unselfish and hard working Republicans 
of Indiana. He is a self-made man. 
rising from the farm, ami is the present 
Postmaster of Anderson. 




Q. ^t^c^l^ 



HISTORY OF TIIK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



HON. GEORGE W. STEELE. 

< inly one [ndianian, Mr. Holman, has 
more often been nominated for Congress 
than Major George W. Steele, who is now 
serving his seventh term. The day before 
the assault upon Fort Sumpter Major Steele 
began the practice of law at Hartford 
City, after a period of study in the Ohio 
Wesleyan University and in the law office 
of Ins father. Colonel Ashbury Steele, in 
Marion. On April 20, 1861, lie enlisted 
in the Third Regiment organized under the 
first call for volunteers. His company be- 
ing divided on account of excess of num- 
bers, he went with a part of it to the 
Twelfth Indiana as a first lieutenant. 
After a year of service in the Army of the 
Potomac his regiment was mustered out, 
and he assisted in recruiting the 101st 
Indiana, in which he became successively 
lieutenant, captain, major and lieutenant- 
colonel. He served three years with the 
Army of the Cumberland, and marched 
with Sherman to the sea and in the grand 
review at Washington. Seven months af- 
ter being mustered out of the volunteer 
service he was commissioned in the Four- 
teenth United States Infantry, with which 
he served ten years. Upon his resigna- 
tion from the regular army he returned 
to Marion and engaged in farming and 
pork packing until 1880, when he received 
his first nomination for Congress. He has 
been eight times nominated and seven 
times elected to Congress, four times 
when the district had a normal Demo- 
cratic majority. President Harrison ap- 
pointed Major Steele the first Governor of 
Oklahoma; and he served until the Terri- 
torial government had been fully or- 
ganized, when he resigned and returned 
in Marion and the management of his pri- 
vate business, until L894, when lie was 
again nominated and elected to Congress. 
During his first period of service in Con- 
gress Major Steele was a member of the 
House committee on military affairs: dur- 
ing his second he has occupied a prominent 



place on the leading Congressional com- 
mittee, that of ways and means. Ten 
years ago Major Steele secured the favora- 
ble action of Congress on a hill providing 
for the Marion branch of the Soldiers' 
Home, a magnificent institution, repre- 
senting an investment of over a million 
dollars. The success of Major Steele as a 
legislator and his popularity as a politician 
are due largely to the possession of the 
essentially military qualities of courage, 
self-command, ability to organize and 
fidelity to a cause or a friend. 



WM T. WHITTINGTON. 

William T. Whittington lives at 
Crawfordsville, Montgomery county, In- 
diana. He was born December 21st, 
L861, on the farm near Waveland, in said 
county, and worked for his father until 
old enough to enter school on his own ac- 
count. Hisfather, William Whittington. 
with a family of nine children, felt that a 
common school education was all he could 
give and hence the subject of this sketch 
earned the money with which he obtained 
his education after leaving the country 
school. 

He is of English-Scotch- Irish and Ger- 
man descent. Among those in the Eng- 
lish branch wasthefamous Richard Whit- 
tington. Lord Mayor of London, back to 
whom the present generation of Whitting- 
tons can trace their ancestry. While yet 
working on the farm he was inspired to 
make the effort to do something for him 
self in life, to leave the farm and ob- 
tain an education, and struggle for a po- 
sition in the active world, by the influence 
of a sister three years his senior. From 
this time on he had a fixed purpose in life, 
and determined to prepare himself for the 
practice of law. 

He spent two years in Wabash Col- 
lege, then entered the law department of 
the State University of Michigan, from 
which school he graduated with the class 




■•^^^■^M. 



L24 



HISTORY <>K I'HK KEPUBLICAN PARTY 




O-. 6. TH&s 



of LSS7. He immediately returned to 
[ndianaatu] located in Crawfordsville, and 
formed a partnership with the Hun. John 
II. Burford. now Chief Justice of Okla- 
homa. Upon Judge Burford's appoint- 
ment, in ISS9, Mr. Whittington continued 
tin 1 practice alone until the spring of 1892, 
when In- formed a partnership with ex- 
Judge Albert 1). Thomas, which relation 
still exists. He was a candidate for Prose- 
cuting Attorney on the Republican ticket 
in IS90. He was City Attorney of Craw- 
fordsville for six years. 

He has grown very rapidly as a lawyer 
and stands high al the bar. He is espe- 
cially strong as an advocate and as atrial 
lawyer. He is engaged in the general 
practice in Montgomery and adjoining 
counties. As a Republican, Mr. Whit- 
tington is an able representative of his 
party, and an aggressive campaign worker. 
He is a strong and popular orator and is 
in demand as a campaign speaker. Every 
campaign year since he left college he has 
taken an active part for the Republican 



party and Republican principles in his own 
and adjoining comities. 

He was urged to enter the race for 
the Republican nomination for Congress 
against the Hon. Charles B. Landis in 
L89S, hut declined to do so. He is a 
strong advocate as a trial lawyer and per- 
haps has achieved more success as a jury 
lawyer than in any other field of labor. 
He is fearless, capable and honest. He is 
undoubtedly a rising man as a lawyer and 
as a Republican worker in the State. 

.Mr. Whittington is an active member 
of the Baptist church. He was elected 
President of the Baptist State convention 
at Peru, [ndiana, October, 1898. He was 
married in October, lssT, to Miss Elva 
Deere. He is at present a member of the 
Lincoln League, of the Lew Wallace 
Republican Club, and of the Masonic and 
Knights of Pythias fraternities. 



HON. ALBERT 0. MARSH. 

Hon. Albert Orlando Maksh is a 
type of the sturdy, conscientious repub- 
licanism nt Indiana, the man who min- 
gles a high order of ability with 
courage, patriotism, clean morality anil 
sound common sense, without stopping to 
think that his virtues are above the 
ordinary, doing thoroughly and well the 
work he finds before him and asking praise 
of no man for doing what he conceives to 
he his simple duty. Bred of English stock. 
adropof blood has come down to him from 
one of the iron-casqued chaplains of Crom- 
well's army with a touch of the same 
dauntless courage and grim determination 
that enabled the "New Model" to sweep 
the cavaliers from every field of England. 
His race is a distinctly warlike one and he 
counts ancestors on both sides of his house 
in the wars of the Revolution and L812. 

He was born on a farm in Ashtabula 
county. Ohio, September If.. 1840, and 
enjoyed such educational advantages as 
were at the time found in the ordinary 



OF THK STATE ( IF IMH \\ \. 



1'25 



country schools, and a partial course at 
Hiram College, where he recited to James 
A. Garfield, the statesman and martyr 
President, at a time when the latter was a 
teacher in that institution, now celebrated 
because of his connection with it. 

Judge Marsh enlisted as a private 
soldier, on the 1 s th day of April, 1861, in 
the Loth Ohio Regiment fur three months, 
and served this term in West Virginia, 
having participated in the engagements at 
Phillippi, Laurel Hill and ('arracks Ford. 
Returning home he was married in Novem- 
ber to Sarah M. Gallenir, at Van Wert. 
In September. 1 862, he enlisted in the 46th 
Ohio infantry, as a private, was soon made 
a Sergeant, and in June. IS63, was com- 
missioned by the President Captain of Com- 
pany F, in the 59th U. S. colored infantry. 
He was for some time aide de-camp on 
the staff of Gen. R. P. Buckland, then in 
command at Memphis. Tenn.; he also 
served as Assistant Inspector-General on 
the staff of Gen. A. L. Chetlain, holding 
that position until the last of July. 1m;;.. 
at which time he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of the Military Secret Service 
Corps, by Gen. John S. Smith, with head- 
quarters at Memphis ; in February. 1866, 
this corps was disbanded, and he resumed 
civil life, coming directly to this State 
with the purpose of making it his future 
home. Having commenced the study of 
law before entering the service of his 
country, he determined upon the adoption 
of the legal profession, and resumed tin- 
study of law. which he prosecuted while 
teaching; he was admitted to practice in 
the Circuit Court of Jackson county by 
the late Judge Bicknell. in February. IS67. 
He came to Winchester. Indiana, in 1869, 
and has resided there ever since, except a 
brief sojourn as a Federal official in Wash- 
ington Territory. 

In L876 he was elected Prosecuting 
Attorney for the 25th Judicial Circuit, 
then composed of the counties of Ran- 
dolph and Delaware, a position which he 




JuA 



/ 



Cy^ 1 ^ 



filled with distinguished ability. In 1.87 s, 
during his incumbency of the office <>t 
Prosecutor, he was nominated by the 
Republicans of his county f"r the legis- 
lature, but some doubt being expressed as 
to his eligibility, in view of the fact that 
he then held the office of Prosecuting 
Attorney, he withdrew from the ticket. 

In L8S0 he was elected to the State 
Senate, on a contingency which did 1 1 < > t 
arise, and he made no claim to the place. 
In 1883 he was appointed Receiver of the 
Public Moneys and Disbursing Agent at 
Vancouver. Washington Territory: in the 
campaign of I y s4 he canvassed the State 
of Oregon and the Territory of Washing- 
ton for the Republican candidate-, and oil 
the election and inauguration of Mr. 
Cleveland as President, immediately ten 
dered his resignation of the office, and 
upon its acceptance, some months after- 
wards, returned to Winchester and re 
smned the practice of law. At the 



126 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PART'S 



general election in 1894 he was elected 
Judge of his circuit. 

Judge Marsh is a memher of the Pres- 
byterian Church, belongs to the Columbia 
Club, to many of the fraternal societies; 
the Loyal Leu-ion. and was the first Com- 
mander of the Post of the G. A. R. at Win- 
chester, Indiana. He was Department 
( lommander of the I >epartment of Indiana 
from 1894 to 1895; he is now chairman of 
the committee of the National Encamp- 
ment G. A. R. on school histories. He 
has always been an active Republican, 
giving his services to that party at all 
times. Has perhaps made more speeches 
in his various canvasses than any Repub- 
lican speaker in the district, his services 
in this capacity being in constant demand 
and always gratuitously and unselfishly 
rendered, and he has not only rendered 
party service upon the stump, hut has ac- 
cepted and discharged with great ability 
and success the more exacting and labor- 
ious though less inviting duties of chair- 
man of the Republican committee, which 
position he occupied in the campaigns of 
L890 and 1892. 

It can lie truly said of him that he never 
dishonored a draft made upon him by his 
party in any political campaign. It has 
Keen his aim and effort to do we'll what- 
ever he has undertaken in life, whether as 
an official, in his professional and business 
capacity or in discharge of his duty as a 
citizen: as a result his life has been 
eminently a successful one. and he com- 
mands the respect and confidence of all 
who know him. He is by nature fitted 
for leadership; his figure is commanding 
and his presence dignified, and upon the 
stump he has few equals; with a magnifi- 
cent voice and easy delivery he impresses 
himself upon his audiences most strongly 
by his earnestness and evident sincerity 
and honesty. He is the opposite of the 
demagogue and always appeals to that 
which is best in his auditors, having faith 
in the honesty and patriotism of the 



masses. He is a good politician, not a 
trickster nor a schemer, but has eminent 
practical judgment and foresight in all 
political affairs, is a courageous fighter 
and never permits himself to be carried off 
his feet by the two opposites. over confi- 
dence or useless fright. 



JAMES NOBLE TYNER. 

JAMES NOBLE Tvneb was horn Jan- 
uary 17. L826, at Brookville, Indiana, 
the son of Richard Tyner, a merchant and 
general dealer in produce. The founder 
of the Tyner family was a Welshman, 
who emigrated to South Carolina, and 
settled in the last half of the eighteenth 
century near Columbia, the present capital 
of the State. The founder of the Noble 
family. Mr. Tyner's maternal ancestors. 
and his wife were Scotch people, reared 
and married near Dumfries, Scotland, who 
emigrated to the United States in 1732, 
and settled upon a large estate on the 
Potomac river, opposite .Mount Vernon. 
One of the issues of this marriage, and the 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
emigrated from Maryland to Virginia, 
and thence to Kentucky, settling near the 
Ohio river, opposite the town of Rising 
Sun. Indiana. He was the father of sev- 
eral children, nearly all of whom after- 
wards became residents of Indiana. One 
of his sons was chosen as a Senator from 
the State of Indiana to the United States 
Senate in 1816, upon the admission of the 
State into the Union, and was twice after- 
wards re-elected to that position. He died 
while a member of that body and was 
buried in the Congressional cemetery at 
Washington. Another son, Noah Noble. 
was twice elected Governor of Indiana in 
the '30s. A third son, Lazarus, was the 
first register of the land office at Indiana- 
polis, Indiana; a fourth son was for many 
years ( llerk of the ( iourt in Wayne county, 
Indiana: and still another. Dr. Benjamin 
S. Noble, who emigrated to Iowa while 



OF THE STATE <>K INDIANA. 



12 < 



the State was yet only sparsely settled. 
was conspicuous in its early politics. He 

is stated to have been the founder of the 
town of Indianola. Iowa, which has since 
grown to be a place of considerable popu- 
lation and importance. 

James Noble Tyner received an aca- 
demic education in the old academy, then 
called ••Seminary." in the village of his 
birth. After graduation he was trained 
as a merchant in his father's store, and 
before attaining his majority entered into 
business for himself as a merchant and 
large dealer in produce, at Cambridge 
City. Indiana, at which place he estab- 
lished said business in the year 1846. 
Five years afterwards he removed to Peru, 
Indiana, where he opened a large depart- 
ment store and dealt extensively in all 
kinds of flour and grain. He discontinued 
this business in the latter part of the year 
L854, and shortly afterwards commenced 
the practice of law. having previously 
studied that profession in his boyhood days 
at Brookville with John D. Howland. who 
was subsequently and for a long period 
Clerk of the United States Circuit and 
District Courts at Indianapolis. In 1850 
Mr. Tyner was the first Republican candi- 
date for Representative in the (reneral 
Assembly from the county of Miami, and 
was defeated by a party vote. At the 
<e^Mi>n of the General Assembly the fol- 
lowing winter (1857), he was chosen As- 
sistant-Secretary of the Senate, and after- 
wards, at the special session of 1858, and 
the regular sessions of 1859 and 1861 
served as secretary of that body. In 1860 
he was chosen as an elector on the Lincoln 
ticket for what was then the Ninth Con- 
gressional District, represented previously 
and for along period afterwards by Schuy- 
ler Colfax. 

On the 5th day of March. 1861, he was 
appointed, by direction of President Lin- 
coln, as a special agent of the Postoffice 
Department, his appointment being the 
second that was made or directed by Mr. 



Lincoln after his inauguration. .Mi-. Tyner 
served in thiscapacity tor five years, and 
resigned to enter upon the practice of his 
profession at Pern. Mr. Tyner was fre- 
quently chosen as a delegate from the 
county of Miami, in which he resided, to 
Republican State conventions, and soon 
became known as an active and influential 
party worker. He was an alternate dele- 
gate from his Congressional District to 
the National convention which nominated 
Grant in 1868, and was a delegate at 
large to the National convention held at 
Cincinnati in l s 7«i. in which he took an 
active part, and where he was largely in- 
strumental in securing the nomination of 
Rutherford B. Hayes, after a protracted 
and hot contest. 

He became a diligent and successful 
practitioner of the law from 1861 until he 
was chosen as a Representative in C< ingress 
at a special election in the month of Feb- 
ruary. 1869. He was twice re-elected to 
Congress from that district, which was 
then the Eighth, being composed of the 
counties of Cass. Miami. Wabash, Grant, 
Howard. Tipton, Hamilton and Madison. 
He therefore served in three Congresses — 
the Forty-First. Forty-Second and Forty- 
Third. He was made a member of the 
committee on postoffices and postroads in 
the Forty-First Congress, and served on 
this committee during that and the Forty- 
Second Congresses. In the Forty-Third 
Congress he was promoted to a place on 
the appropriations committee, and by the 
chairman. James A. Garfield, he was pul 
in charge of all appropriations relating to 
the postal service. Under the rules of the 
House at that time nearly all the impor 
tant legislation was put upon the appro- 
priation bills in the form of " riders, " and 
passed in that form. During the whole 
of that Congress, therefore, neai'ly every 
section of the statutes relating to the 
postal service passed under Mr. Tyner's 
supervision. He was one of the subcom 
mittee during the preceding Congress 



1: 



lllsTnin OB' THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



detailed t<> codify the postal laws, and mi >st 
of tin- duties connected therewith devolved 
upon him. It was an immense ami im- 
portant task and resulted in the embodi- 
ineiil of all postal laws in one act. which 
on beingprinted covered nearly 200 pages. 
Hi' was therefore mainly the author or 
coditier of all postal statutes in existence 
up to that date. During his three terms 
in the House he was made chairman or 
member of several important select cam- 
mittees. and was also during one term a 
member (and reallv the chairman) of the 
committeeon public buildings and grounds, 
which reported and carried through bills 
tor the erection and completion of most of 
the public buildings designed for the use 
of postottices. customhouses and courts in 
all the large cities. Mr. Tyner also took 
an active part in pending measures for the 
reconstruction of the late rebellious States, 
in opposition to the continuance of the 
grant of public lands and the issuance of 
government bonds in aid of the construc- 
tion of railroads, and for other purposes. 
He was frequently called to the chair to 
preside over the deliberations of the House 
in committee of the whole, as well as in 
regular session, by Hon. James G. Blaine. 
who was Speaker of that body during the 
three terms mentioned, and acquired a 
considerable reputation as a presiding offi- 
cer. At the close of his last term in Con- 
gress he was tendered the position of 
Second Assistant Postmaster-General, in 
charge <if the entire contract system of 
the department, and entered upon the 
duties thereof in the month of March. 
L875. In July. L876, he was appointed 
Postmaster-General by President Granl 
and served acceptably in that position dur- 
ing the remainder of Grant's second ad- 
ministration. 

At the commencement of the term of 
President Hayes, in March. l s 77. and 
after the selection of David M. Key. an 
ex-Brigadier-General in the Confederate 
army — which appointment met with al- 



most universal disfavor among the Repub- 
licans of the country — Mr. Tyner was 
besieged by the President, nearly all the 
Republican members of the Senate and 
House, and many prominent Republicans 
throughout the country, to accept the 
position of First Assistant Postmaster- 
General, in charge of all the appointments 
of the department, which, after long 
persuasion, he accepted. He served in 
that capacity during the entire Hayes ad- 
ministration and the short term of the 
Garfield administration, and resigned in 
the month of October, L881, shortly after 
the accession of Chester A. Arthur to the 
Presidency. He was therefore charged 
with the duty of making or superintend- 
ing all appointments to the postal service. 
embracing an official list of about 1 50,000, 
fin- something over rive years, (hiring .all 
of which time he was the real head of the 
Postoffice Department. His administra- 
tion of that huge establishment was pro- 
gressive and eminently satisfactory. 

Upon the accession of President Har- 
rison Mr. Tyner was invited to take charge 
of the law branch of the Postoffice De- 
partment as Assistant Attorney-General 
thereof, which position he filled during the 
whole of the Harrison administration and 
for three months after the inauguration of 
President Cleveland, at the end of which 
time he resigned to enter upon the practice 
of law in Washington. hie was persuaded 
by President McKinley to return to the 
duties of said position in the month of May. 
1 897, which position he holds at the present 
time. Mr. Tyner has so long heen identified 
with the postal service, and has held so 
many positions therein (a greater numher. 
indeed, than any other man has held in 
the history of the ( rovernment I that he has 
become and is recognized as a standard 
authority upon postal laws, regulations, 
and customs of the department. 

In l>7s Mr. Tyner was commissioned 
as a delegate to the International Postal 
Congress, which held its session in the citv 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA 129 

of Paris. France and was again chosen as Butler College, ami is now a part of the 
a delegate to the International Postal University of Indianapolis. His ancestors 
Congress which assembled in the city of on both sides of the house were pioneers of 
Washington in May. L897. He has thus Indiana, and his father was a substantia] 
become familiar with everything relating farmer, anxious to give his son the best 
to international mails and postal conven- opportunities in the way of education that 
tions and treaties, as well as everything could be procured. Alter graduation he 
relating to the domestic postal service. read law in the office of Barbour cm How- 
Mr. Tyner was married in the year land, of Indianapolis, and attended a 
1848, at Cambridge City, to Miss Dema course of law lectures by Judge Perkins. 
L. Humiston, with whom he lived happily In l^i.". he was admitted to the bar, and 
for 22 years. Two children. Albert H. began the practice in partnership with 
Tyner, now engaged in business in Cuba, John T. Dye, a partnership thai continued 
and Lillie E. Tyner, now a resident of to exist until 1879, when Mr. Dye under- 
Warren county. Illinois, were the issue of took the management of the legal affairs 
this marriage. Mr. Tyner was married a of the Big Four Railroad, and Mr. Harris 
second time, in the year 1S72, to Miss continued the practice alone. By steadfast, 
Christine Hines. of Washington. D. C. conscientious work he made a success of the 
who is still living. law from the start, and steadily won his 

way until for more than ten years past he 

has been regarded as one of the two or three 

\1>1)|S(>\~ (' HAPPIS most successful lawyers of Indianapolis. 

Very few great legal controversies have 

A dry recital of the dates ami events of occurred in Indiana during the past decade 

a man's career can convey no notion of without his name among the counsel upon 

what manner of man he is in the living one side or the other. 

flesh, of his methods, bis ideals, his influ- Naturally from his training. Mr. Harris 

ence among his fellowmen. Only those started in life as an ardent Republican, 

who come in personal contact with Addi- and has been for many years one of the 

son C. Harris, the present ambassador of most prominent members of the party in 

the United States, can understand how Indiana. In 1876 he was elected a mem- 

thoroughly nature and training and habits her of the State Senate, a task he was very 

of thought have made him a tit represent- loath to undertake. He had always held 

ative at the most ancient, cultured and the theory that the law was too jealous a 

exclusive court of the world. mistress to brook interference by any out- 

Addison C. Harris is a native of Indi- side occupation, and it was only at the 

ana. having been born of g 1 Quaker earnest solicitation of the party leaders. 

stock in Wayne county. October 1. IS-kO. and when convinced that his party and his 

His early education was obtained under State needed him, that he accepted the 

Quaker teachers in the public schools of nomination. He brought to his work in 

the county, and. like his home training, it the Senate the same high sense of honor 

involved not only his mental but his moral and integrity that had contributed so ma 

well being. To him honesty of purpose, terially to his success at the bar. Since 

integrity and kindly Christian helpfulness then, though frequently solicited to accepl 

are the commoner virtues taken as a mat- nominations of appointive office-, he has 

ter of fact in the daily routine of life. In steadily declined until in January. LS99, 

L 8 60 he entered the Noi-th western Univer- he was named by the President as 

sity. the institution that later became ambassador to Austria-Hungary. The 



30 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 




yf7f^/v(MUv£riiJ^i/ 



appointment came without solicitation or 
expectation on his part and he accepted. 

While in college Mr. Harris fell in love 
with a fellow-student, Miss India Crago. 
They were married in L868, and Mrs. 
Harris has been no less distinguished in 
the social and literary life of Indianapolis 
than has her husband in his profession. 
They have one of the most beautiful homes 
in Indianapolis, a home that has about it 
that indefinable air of quiet refinement and 
cultured taste that money alone can never 
procure. Extensive travel, wide reading, 
a thorough comprehension of the history 
of the world and the philosophy of life. 
grafted upon his native conscientious 
Quaker ability, have made Mr. Harris a 
typical representative of what is hest and 
noblest in American life. 



HIRAM BROWNLEE. 

Few orators are better known through- 
out the State or more in demand in the 



heat of a campaign than Judge Hiram 
Brownlee. of Marion, and few men are as 
much consulted by the leaders of their 
party as he when the sound advice of an 
experienced man is desired. 

Hiram Brownlee was born at .Marion. 
Indiana. September L3th, 1849. His 
father, John Brownlee. was a lawyer and 
of good Scotch descent. Young Brownlee 
was educated at Marion, attending the 
common schools until he began the study 
of law. His early struggles were those 
which usually accompany the life of a 
young lawyer — hard ones. He soon rose 
into prominence, however, until to-day lie 
is recognized as one of the leading lawyers 
of Indiana. In his early practice his 
powers of oratory developed, anil in a 
short time his contemporaries realized that 
they had a magnetic young lawyer to eon- 
tend with. His oratory is natural, and 
extremely powerful and impressive. 

In 1897, February 11th. he was ap- 
pointed Superior Judge, and so ably did 
he fill the retptirements of that office that 
he was subsequently elected to the posi- 
tion in 1898. He served with credit as a 
member of the Lower House of the legis- 
lature in L885 and again in L8S9. He 
was a delegate to the Republican National 
conventions of isss and 1892. His po- 
litical services, in all ways, have been 
greatly in demand by his party and they 
have always heeii readily and generously 
granted. 

Judge Brownlee is known by all his 
acquaintances as a courteous and true 
gentleman, extremely generous, and one 
whose friendship is highly valued in that it 
is sincere and true as steel. In his social 
relations he is a genial and agreeable com- 
panion, respected by all who know him 
and loved by his intimate friends. He is 
a member of the Columbia Club of Indi- 
anapolis. He was married in 1^77 to Miss 
Linnie McDowell, and is the father of 
three children. Louisa. Bessie and I'hil. 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



131 



I.. T. MICHENER. 
Because of their necessarily National 
significance and influence, and by reason 
of tin- fact that the two great parties have 
always been in practical equality, political 
contests in Indiana have been heated to 
fierceness. It has been said thai Indiana 
babies are all born politicians. True it is. 

that polities receives the best services of 

every right-thinking Indiana man. no 
matter to which party he may chance to 
belong'. In the names that make up the 
long and honorable roster of those who 
have contributed to the strength and suc- 
cess of Indiana Republicanism, none stands 
higher in general regard for unselfish and 
intelligent labor than does that of Louis 
Theodore Michener. So continued and 
prominent has been his identification with 
the Republican party, that it will l>e a. sur- 
prise to many to know thai he is still a 
comparatively young man. He was horn 
December 21, 181:S, on a farm near Oon- 
nersville. Fayette county, of a parentage 
whose ancestry was of the sturdiest Eng- 
lish and German. The father's and 
mother's names were William and Mary 
A. Michener. The father was half Eng- 
lish and half German, being English on 
the grandfather's side. On the mother's 
side the ancestry were all English. The 
father's ancestry were Quakers. Here 
was an ancestral soil out of which might 
naturally be expected to come the intelli- 
gence, high sense of honor, unflinching 
integrity and unwearied industry that have 
been and are the characteristics marking 
Mr. Michener's whole life and career. He 
received only the education obtainable in 
the common schools of Fayette county, 
supplemented with a twelve months' course 
in the college at Brookville, Franklin 
county, when he started out unaided to 
achieve his fortune. After leaving school 
be was a clerk in a grocer's store for one 
year. But he had a natural taste for public 
life and work, and at once began the study 
of law in the office of James 0. Mcintosh, 




%$9h*j£w> 



of Connersville. 
with Mr. Mdntos 
the law in Brool 
than twenty-thn 



Completing his studies 
i. he began the practice of 
ville in LS71. when less 
e years of aye. Two 



wars later he fell a victim to the prevailing 
Western fever ami went to Wintield. Kan- 
sas, where he practiced his profession un- 
til August. L874, at which time he returned 
to Indiana, locating in Shelby ville. and 
formed a law partnership with Hon. 
Thomas H. Adams. Here he anchored 
himself and his life, becoming thoroughly 
identified with the people of that city and 
county. This law partnership continued 
until November. LS90, at which time Mr. 
Michener removed to the city of Washing 
ton and entered iuto partnership December 
1. LS90, with Gen. W. \V. Dudley. Mr. 
Michener still continues this partnership, 
which has been conspicuously successful, 
the firm having a large and remunerative 
practice, particularly of a semi-political 
nature, and being the legal advisers 
and representatives of many important 



1 32 



IUSTOKY OF THE REPUBLICAN PAHTV 



business enteiprises in various parts of 
t lie country. 

Mr. Michener exemplified the ruling 
passion of an Indianian by beginning ac- 
tive political work at the early age of 
eighteen and from 1872 to 1890 was con- 
tinuously connected with one or more 
campaign committees. In the spring of 
1 ssl' he was elected chairman of the Shelby 
county Republican committee and led the 
famous campaign of thai year, in which 
the Republicans carried the county f or the 
tirst time in the history of the party there. 
There have been many stirring and im- 
portant campaigns in Indiana, but it is 
doubtful whether there was ever one more 
hotly contested or which called for a larger 
degree of intelligent and unselfish devotion 
than the campaign of 1882. It was the 
year when the Republican party, in its 
State platform and by the action of its 
wisest leaders, accepted an apparently un- 
popular issue — that of declaring- the right 
of the people to vote upon a proposed 
amendment to the constitution prohibiting 
the manufacture and sale of intoxicating 
liquor. The legislature of 1 880-1881 had 
passed such an amendment and the ques- 
tion was whether it should go to the peo- 
ple for consideration and decision by the 
affirmative action af the succeeding Gen- 
eral Assembly. After a hot struggle 
within its own ranks, the Republican party 
declared in favor of the right of the people 
to vote upon the proposition. Some Be- 
publicans hesitated and a few balked at 
the action of the party, hut the great body 
of Republicans stood by the fundamental 
and indisputable proposition. Wherever 
this was done the party was successful and 
tor the entire State it was the crucial cam- 
paign that made the subsequent successes 
of L 886 and l^ss possible. Mr. Michener 
was among the foremost of those who 
maintained the impregnable position of 
the party in this L882 campaign, and had 
the great satisfaction of seeing the Demo- 
cral ic banner of Shelby county, which had 



never before known defeat, trailed in the 
dust at the feet of the victorious Republi- 
can party standing for the inherent right 
of the people to determine the organic law 
of the State. 

In l s *4 Mr. Michener was re-elected 
chairman of the Shelby county committee 
and was also made a delegate from the 
Seventh Congressional District to the Na- 
tional Republican convention of Chicago, 
in which he supported the nomination of 
Hon. -lames (i. Blaine for President of 
the United States. Early in July. 1884, 
without being a candidate for the place. 
Mi - . Michener was elected secretary of the 
Republican State committee of Indiana 
and was again elected to the same office 
two years later. He was a large factor in 
the great campaign of lss<i, personally 
conducted, it might be said, by Hon. 
Benjamin Harrison as a candidate to suc- 
ceed himself as United States Senator, in 
which he would have been successful could 
the Republicans everywhere in the State 
have been made to helieve success possible, 
and induced in some quarters to make 
any real effort to secure such a result. 
As it was the State ticket was elected, 
Mr. Michener himself heing chosen Attor 
ney-General, and the legislature lacked 
but one vote of having a Republican ma- 
jority. 

In the campaign of 18*s Mr. Michener 
was chairman of the executive committee 
of the State central committee, and. in 
June, 1SS9, upon the resignation of Hon. 
James X. Huston, Mr. Michener was 
unanimously chosen chairman of the State 
central committee, and was again unani- 
mously elected to the same position the 
following year, he being reelected Attor- 
ney-General of the State in the victorious 
campaign that ended in the elevation of 
Benjamin Harrison to the Presidency of 
the United States. 

In the spring of 1888 Mr. Michener 
was made chairman of the voluntary com- 
mittee that undertook the work of securing 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA 



l:;:; 



the nomination of General Harrison as 
candidate for President: and in 1892, at 
the General's request, a few days before 
the meeting of the Republican National 
convention in Minneapolis, took charge of 
the President's interests there, and was at 
the head of the organization which re- 
sulted in General Harrison's renoruination. 
It will thus be seen that Mr. Michener lias 
been prominently identified, in a directing 
capacity, with tour State and two National 
campaigns, besides the other work he has 
done tor the party under the direction of 
the National and Congressional commit- 
tees. In L896, 1897 and 1898 he made 
speeches in Maryland and West Virginia 
especially, in addition to much work in 
the organization of those States, which 
resulted in the Republicans carrying these 
Gibraltars of Democracy, and electing 
Republicans to the United States Senate 
to succeed Democratic Senators. Senator 
Gorman, of Maryland, himself being re- 
tired. 

Mr. Michener is an odd Fellow, a Ma- 
son and a Knight of Pythias. In ISSS he 
was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Indiana < >dd Fellows. He was married at 
Brookville. May 30, 1872, to Mary E.. the 
daughter of Hon. Thomas B. Adams. 
Of their four children, their daughters, 
Nora and Helen, survive. The family 
dwells in the city of Washington, though 
Mr. Michener retains his legal residence 
in Indiana, and is yet keenly alive to all 
the best interests of his native State, and 
loyally working for the supremacy of the 
Republican party both in Indiana and Na- 
tional affairs. 

PERRY SANFORD HEATH. 

Few lives in recent history more clearly 
illustrate the possibilities of this great 
Republic of ours than that of Perry San 
ford Heath of Muncie. Born on a farm 
in Delaware county, this State. August 
31, 1857, without any advantages other 



than those to be acquired lr\ his own in- 
domitable courage and industry, in a life 

of little more than forty year.-, lie lias 
arisen to a position equal to thai of a 
Cabinet officer, and has secured and re- 
tained the confidence of the leading men 
of the country. 

His father. Jacob W. Heath, a farmer 
and Methodist minister, with a family of 
seven children, moved from the farm to 
Muncie when Berry was nine years of age. 
The boy's opportunities foi' education were 
limited, but he made the most of them. 
He attended the graded schools in town, 
after the rural school, for three or four 
years, advancing two grades every year 
until, at fourteen, he was fitted for the 
high school. In his summer vacation he 
entered a printing office to learn the 
printer's art. and made such rapid prog- 
ress that he did not return to school. He 
was foreman, at sixteen, of the office 
which lie had entered two years before as 
an apprentice. He continued for years 
his studies at night, and acquired thus, 
and at the printer's case, a good educa- 
tion. At twenty he was at the head of 
the mechanical department of an exten- 
sive printing establishment at Logansport, 
Indiana. At twenty-one he was reporter 
for The Muncie Weekly Times; then its 
city editor, and finally, in 1878, he estab- 
lished Muncie's first daily newspaper, Tin 
Minn-it' Daily Times. 

In the early spring of LS81 the possi- 
bilities of the great Territories of the 
Northwest attracted his attention, and he 
established The Dakota Pioneer at Aber- 
deen, in what is now South Dakota, but 
at that time the two Dakotas were one 
Territory. His newspaper was an immense 
success and became influential in Terri- 
torial affairs. In the autumn of 1 SSI Mr. 
Heath transferred his newspaper talents to 
Washington and from the first took fronl 
rank among the newspaper correspondents 
of the National Capital, becoming the 
representative of a number of leading 



134 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

newspapers. He continued his efforts on him to advance his own interests. Time 
behalf of the admission of Dakotaintothe and again he declined positions of official 
Union of States and was largely instrn- honor and trust which the President ten- 
mental in bringing to the attention of deredhim. He had, in a measure, marked 
Congress the desirability of the division of out his own career and was determined to 
the Territory and the admission of each achieve independence by his own unaided 
hall' as a separate State When this re- efforts. He became a close student of 
suit was assured Mr. Heath participated financial problems and established and 
in the constitutional conventions of Da- aided in directing banks in his own State 
kota and assisted in framing the constitu- and elsewhere in connection witli his 
tions which now control those States. In brothers, and rapidly succeeded in placing 
recognition of his services he was earnestly himself in a position where he could hold 
urged to accept the position of Governor, his own without calling upon any one to 
pending the ratification of the constitu- aid him. 

tions by the people. This flattering off er But, running through all this part of 
he declined, although the President, his his experience, Mr. Heath never lost his 
personal friend, was desirous of his ac- first love for newspaper work, and he prob- 
ceptance, and many prominent men in ably today values more highly his news- 
Dakota joined in the request. paper achievements than any of his suc- 

Mr. Heath's practical connection with cesses in politics or finance. He became 

politics began in 1876, when, although associated with The United Press, as a 

only nineteen years of age, he accompan- special representative of that organization, 

ied Gen. Benjamin Harrison over the which at that time furnished its news to 

State in a campaign for the Governorship. Il|,,st " f the prominent newspapers in the 

From this point in his career dated a warm United States and Europe. He went to 

friendship which ever existed between Mr. Paris to take charge of The United Press 

Heath and Gen. Harrison. This friend- reports of the expected Boulanger attempt 

ship led him to take an active part in the to rekindle war between France and Ger- 

struggle in the legislature which resulted many over the cession of Alsace-Lorraine. 

in tl lection of Harrison to the United He secured an interview with Boulanger, 

States Senate over Judge Walter Q. who disclosed to him all his plans, and con- 

Gresham and other aspirants. During the fessed his failure, and thereupon tied to 

whole of Air. Harrison's Senatorial term Belgium and killed himself. 

the Indiana Senator was always warm. From Paris Mr. Heath proceeded to 

cordial and communicative to the young Russia, which country was then in the 

Indiana newspaper man. and Mr. Heath throes of Nihilism. It was the avowed 

did loyal and effective service in return. purpose of these mysterious conspirators 

He headed the literary bureau of the Har- to exterminate the Czar and all his family. 

rison Presidential campaign and brought More than a hundred thousand Cossacks 

the claims of the Indiana statesman to the had been brought to St. Petersburg to act 

attention of every prominent newspaper in as a bodyguard for the imperial family, 

the United States and in such an attrac- and spies and detectives were everywhere, 

tive way as to compel consideration. For a foreigner, and especially an Anieri- 

During the four years of Mr. Harrison's can. to enter Russia under these circum- 

Presidential term .Mr. Heath was always stances was a difficult task, and it was still 

a welcome and frequent caller at the White more difficult to get away in safety. Mi-. 

House, hut he never sought to take ad- Heath obtained from the Czar and his privy 

vantage of the familiarity thus accorded council extraordinary privileges, visited 



136 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

all parts of St. Petersburg and Moscow, of the principal street, it being impossible 

and subsequently followed up his investi- to occupy any building, and from that point 

gations into Nihilism by inquiries in Berlin dictated reports, which daily filled pages 

and London. In the latter city he was of the great newspapers of the United 

admitted into the confidence <>f Sergius States. 

Stepniak, the world-famed Nihilist, and Mr. Heath has had one or two narrow 
from him obtained full statements of the escapes from being elected to Congress 
Nihilistic side of the Russian question, against his will. He was Chairman of the 
Rewrote his experiences in magazine ar- Congressional convention of the sixth Cu- 
ticles, which were in part afterwards repro- diana district, called to meet at New Castle 
duced under one cover, with the title of April. L 890, to elect a successor to General 
L 'A Hoosier in Russia, " a book that rapidly Thomas M. Browne, deceased. During a 
passed through two large editions. A year deadlock more than a majority of thedel- 
iir two afterwards Stepniak came to this egates made an effort to "break" for Mr. 
country to oppose the treaty then pending Heath, and would have nominated him. 
before the United States Senate which con- hut. from his seat in the chair, he directed 
templated the extradition of Russian polit- the Secretary of the convention not to re- 
ical refugees. Mr. Heath presented him to cord any votes cast for him : and when, in 
the Senate committee, upon whom Step- spite of this order, he was about to be de- 
niak made such an impression that his ar- dared the unanimous nominee of the con- 
guments, reinforced by extracts from Mr. vention, he stated that he felt hound in 
Heath's hook, secured the defeat of the honor to support the candidacy of a friend ; 
treaty. In all this Mr. Heath had been so that he hail declined to become a candidate. 
conspicuously fair in his treatment of both and he would not take the nomination from 
sides that, through the Russian legation those who had made the canvass, and if 
in Washington, he was subsequently ten- nominated he would not he their candidate. 
dered an Imperial Pass to visit Russia, and and if elected he would not qualify. This 
was invited to accompany the Czar's act of self-abnegation resulted in the nom- 
brother, the Commanding-General of the ination and election of Henry U. Johnson, 
army, on a tour of military inspection. of Wayne county. But this act of self- 
This year, 1887, was destined to he full sacrifice and unselfishness was not a strange 
of exciting incidents for Mr. Heath. 1 in characteristic in Mr. Heath's life, for his 
mediately upon his return from his Euro- first principle was ever devotion to his 
pean adventures he w.-.s sent by Tlie United friends. Ingratitude, inappreciation, to 
Press to Charleston. South Carolina, to him was next to a crime. He never failed 
record the terrible destruction of life anil to help a friend at any and every oppor- 
property wrought in that city by the earth- tunity. or to evidence his gratitude for 
quakes, winch nearly laid it in ruins. He any kindnesses. This characteristic in 
was the first man from the North to enter his life early welded to him a host of 
tin- city after the earthquakes had com- devoted friends, men high as well as low 
menced their work of devastation, which in the walks of life, and these friends 
had cut off railroad travel, destroyed tel- were always a component part of his 
egraph communication, and sent a thrill capital. 

of horror over the civilized world. His Mr. Heath's home at the National 

experiences in Charleston, during two Capital during his service as Washington 

weeks of constant terror, forms a striking correspondent was in tin- hotel in which 

chapter in his newspaper history. Hesta- Major William McKinley, of Ohio, Chair 

tioiied a telegraph operator in the middle man of the House Committ* nWaysand 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 137 

Means, resided during his entire Congres- and women in posl . ghoul the 

sional career. Major McKinley and Mr. country. 

Beath became warm friends. When, in As First Assistanl Postmaster-General. 

March. 1894, Mr. Heath acquired a con- Ull ,ier McKinley's administration. Perry 

trolling interest in the Cincinnati Com- s Heath displayed tad and executive 

mercial-Gazette. and moved to Cincinnati ability which have never been surpassed 

to become its editor and publisher, he did j n thai important executive office, one 

yeoman's work in shaping public senti- single feature of his administration, the 

incut in favor of the nomination of Mr. installation and successful operation of the 

McKinley as the Republican candidate for military postal service in the camps of the 

President of the United States. After the army, during our war with Spain, and in 

St. Louis convention he was placed by the our conquered and ceded new possessions, 

Republican National committee in charge will prove an enduring monument to his 

of the newspaper and literary work in be- executive capacity. In his administration 

half of the candidate and conducted the f the domestic affairs of the office he was 

most successful campaign of education equally fortunate. He perfected the rural 

ever attempted in a Presidential contest. f ree delivery service the greatest boon 

As a printer, Mr. Heath became in boy- the farmers have ever received from the 

fa 1 the friend of labor, and while he Government, simplified and classified the 

always recognized the rights of property, clerical service of the department, adjusted 
he ever maintained that the workingman's long-pending disputes between the Gov- 
interests were best conserved by organiza- eminent and the telegraph companies to 
tion. He held that not only were the the satisfaction of the Governmeni and 
interests of the laborer stronger by union, the corporations, and kept in close touch 
but he was elevated by the segment of and harmonious working with the bun- 
contact; that he became more intelligent dreds of men of prominence in Congress 
and better equipped for the work he did and outside of Congress, who daily visited 
by association with his fellows, and this the executive officer of the Postoffice De- 
was best secured within the doors of or par tment on official business. 
ganization. At Chicago and elsewhere. y\ v _ Heath married, in 1^:>". Miss Ella 
during the campaign of 1S96, he induced Conway, daughter of Captain George W. 
many large printing offices to unionize. Conway, of Louisville. Kentucky. His 
bringing many thousands of printers. domestic life is perfect. 
pressmen, etc.. into the folds of the allied 

union. For this he was given votes of 

fl , • , ,' 1QQC , CHARLES F. GRIFFIN. 

thanks in many places, in 1898 he was 

elected an honorary member of the Allied It is seldom that the precocious young 

Printers' Union of the District of Colum- man who attains high and almost unex- 

bia for various official acts favorable to pected success at the threshold of life is 

union labor; be was also given a vote of able to sustain himself, but Hon. Charles 

thanks by the International Typographical F. Griffin has proven a striking exception 

Lnion, at its annual session, at Detroit, to this rule. Elected Secretary ol State 

Mich.. August. 1899. Repeatedly he was when but twenty-nine years of age he has 

thanked by the letter carriers" and post- continued since that time to grow in the 

office clerks' organizations for assisting in minds of the people of Indiana until he is 

securing legislation at the hands of Con- now regarded as one of the strongest and 

gress. and orders and regulations which wisest leaders of the Republican party in 

ameliorated conditions of laboring men the State and has a large and enthusiastic 



IP THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



following of men in every one of the 
ninety-two counties of the commonwealth. 
It is a saying quite true thai a man in 
public life must demonstrate his strength 
mitside of politics in order to obtain and 
hold the complete respect of the people 
and his eminent success ill the legal pro- 
fession has doubtless contributed largely 
to the high esteem in which Mr Griffin is 
hold by the public. 

Charles Freemonl Griffin was horn in 
Henry county, Indiana. June 10, L857, 
the son of Elihu and Melissa A. (Scott) 
Griffin. Not only in war hut in peace as 
well Mr. Griffin's paternal ancestors 
played a conspicuous part. His father. 
Major John Griffin, fought in the Rebel- 
lion where he received a wound at Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn., which disabled him for 
life and ultimately caused his death. His 
greal grandfather was a soldier in the 
war of 1812, and one of his great, great 
grandfathers was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war. By this patriotic devotion 
to the cause of independence Mr. Griffin 
is u "Son of the Revolution," which order 
he took an active part in the organization 
of, while Secretary of State. The honor 
of being its president was tendered him, 
but he modestly declined and suggested 
the name of William E. English. Mr. 
Gi-iffin's grandfather, Samuel Griffin, re- 
moved from North Carolina to Henry 
county. Indiana, in the pioneer days of 
the State, and his maternal grandfather, 
William Scott, was one of the earliest 
settlers of Wayne county. This migra- 
tion was not the first acquaintance of Mr. 
Griffin's ancestry with Indiana. Away 
hack during the days of the Northwest 
Territory another ancestor. .John Griffin. 
was appointed Judge of the Territory 
with his seat at Vincennes when the 
government of the northwest was organ 
ized and William Henry Harrison was 
made its Governor. Thus the interest of 
this renowned family has been wrapped 
up in Indiana for generations. 



Mi-. Griffin attended the district schools 
in Henry county and the high school of 
his native town. Graduating at seven- 
teen he began teaching a common school 
and followed this occupation for three 
years, walking several miles to his school 
and giving up all his spare time far into 
the night in reading law. Then he took 
a year at the Spiceland Academy and at 
the age of twenty-one removed with Ins 
father to Crown Point. Indiana, where 
they began the practice of law. [n a few 
years ill health caused the retirement of 
the father and the son continued the 
practice. While attaining success in his 
profession the abundant energies of the 
young man gave room for great activity 
in other directions. He joined the Sons 
of Veterans when that body was organized 
and soon arose to great prominence in its 
ranks, being elected commander-in-chief 
of the national organizations in 1889. 
He took a very active interest in politics 
and the keen logic, and vehement elo- 
quence of his speeches soon attracted 
general attention, and his services were in 
demand by the State committee before he 
had reached the age of twenty-five. In 
1886, when hut a hoy of twenty-nine, he 
stood as a candidate for Secretary of State 
and was nominated among a strong field 
of candidates of the State convention. 
Being an off year his name came at the 
head of the ticket and he bore the brunt 
of one of the greatest political fights 
Indiana has ever known. He spoke night 
and day for nearly three months and his 
vigorous campaign and personal popu- 
larity contributed immeasurably toward 
the success of the ticket. In L88S he was 
renominated without opposition and re- 
elected in this year. When the Harrison- 
Gresham contest arose he unhesitatingly 
cast his fortunes with the friends of 
General Harrison and worked in his be- 
half with his usual energy and success. 
When the Harrison headquarters were 
opened in Chicago he was asked to take 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



L3!l 



charge of them. The work about a 
National convention was not new to him. 
In lss^ he had served as a delegate to the 

Chicago convention and had voted and 
worked for James G. Blaine, and now his 
work in behalf of Harrison was efficient 
and successful. In 1892 he was elected 
one of the delegates at large to the 
National convention at Minneapolis and 
was one of the managers of the successful 
effort made for the renomination of 
Genera] Harrison. During every cam- 
paign, for more than fifteen years, he has 
been one of the first men called upon by 
the State committee to make speeches and 
has contributed generously of his time and 
ability and money toward the success of 
the party, invariably paying his own ex- 
penses for campaign tours, besides con 
tributing liberally to State and local cam 
paign funds. 

In L895 Mr. Griffin was a candidate 
for the nomination as Governor and made 
so strong and successful a canvass that 
out of a very large held of candidates he 
stood first during nearly the whole of the 
hallotting. hut it was a year when the 
Republicans deemed it essential that their 
ticket should he headed by a farmer and 
this feeling finally brought the nomina- 
tion to Honorable James A. Mount, though 
the loyal following of Mr. Griffin stood by 
him to the last. At the close of his term 
as Secretary of State. Mr. Griffin removed 
to Hammond, where he formed a partner- 
ship with Joseph G. Ibach and they 
opened a branch of their office in Chicago. 
The new husiness grew to such proportions 
that in L893 Hon. Walter Olds, Chief 
■Justice of the Supreme Court, resigned his 
position to form a partnership with Mr. 
Griffin and take charge of the Chicago 
office. This partnership continued until 
L899 when it was dissolved by mutual 
consent. Mr. Griffin retaining the Ham- 
mond end of the husiness. During his 
legal practice of more than twenty years. 
Mr. Griffin has heen engaged as counsel 



in many of the most imp. -riant legal con- 
troversies in the State. I gation 
which Governor Hove} - had with the Demo 
cratic party over his right to appoint some 
of the minor officers of the State. Mi-. 
Griffin ably represented the < '■• iveruov. In 
the celebrated Roby prizefighting litiga 
tion, he represented the State and con- 
ducted the case so ably that one of the 
prize fighters was convicted, the others 
plead guilty and paid heavy tines and the 
business of prize fighting in Lake county 
was dually broken up. The military spirit 
of his ancestors has come to the front 
more than once in Mr. Griffin's career. 
As before noted, he was active and 
prominent in the Sons of Veterans' or- 
ganization. While at Crown Point he 
organized a military company, which 
became part of the old Third Regiment, 
and served during the Spanish War as the 
LoTth Indiana. He it was who drafted 
the State militia law of 1887 which was 
the first substantial recognition of the State 
militia. He advanced in promotion along 
the line from Captain to Lieutenant-Col- 
onel. 

In commercial and business affairs, he 
has been as active and successful as in 
the other walks of life. While residing 
in Indianapolis he was identified with a 
number of important enterprises, includ- 
ing the construction of the Cyclorama 
building, the organization of the Union 
National & Savings Loan Association and 
the platting of the Kenwood addition to 
the city. After removing to Hammond 
he organized, completed and equipped an 
electric railway from Hammond to Chi 
cago and was made president of the cor 
poration. This road was successfully 
operated for three years and advanta- 
geously sold to the South Chicago City 
Railroad Company. He helped to organize 
the Commercial Bank of Hammond and is 
still one of its directors, while at the same 
time a large stockholder in the first Na 
tional Bank in the same city. He also 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 




r • ■ 



organized and is president of the Lake 
Lighting Company, which owns and op- 
erates the electric lighting and power 
plant of Hammond. In LS80 Mr. Griffin 
was married to Miss Edith Burhans, of 
Lowell, and two children have blessed 
their union. Mrs. Griffin is a woman of 
great culture and refinement and a recog- 
nized leader in the social ami literary cir- 
cles al Hammond. Both art- earnest and 
active members of the Presbyterian ( ihurch 
and Mr. Griffin served as Commissioner of 
Indiana to the General Assembly at Wash- 
ington, where lie participated permanent ly 
in i he heresy trial of Dr. Briggs, using 
his voice and influence for the acquittal of 
the accused. He is a charter member of 
the Columbia and Marion Clubs of Indi- 
anapolis and a member of the Union 
League Club of Chicago. A. man of broad 
culture and lofty ideals. J lis social quali- 
ties are of the highest order. Though 
still a young man, Mr. Griffin has enjoyed 
success in all the various walks of life to 
which his energies have been directed and 
I here can lie no question that tile t lit MIC 
holds m store for him even higher honors 
and a >till broader field of usefulness. 



FRANK LESLIE LITTLETON. 

It is extremely seldom that fame and 
influence comes to a young man with such 
rapidity as it has to Frank Leslie Little- 
ton, and in seeking the qualities that have 
brought him to the front, one need not <;'" 
further than to understand that he is 
simply a very able, conservative, studious 
and conscientious young man. He is de- 
pendent upon no trick of politics uor 
blandishment of personal affability to win 
his way. In his case, political honor has 
come through general recognition of his 
capacity and work. He was horn January 
12, L86S. near McCordsville, in Hancock 
county. Indiana, the son of Aaron S. and 
Mary McCord Littleton. The family was 
of English descent and had come from 
Clermont county. < >hio, where their Eng- 
lish and Scotch ancestors had settled about 
a century ago. The father died when the 
hoy was hut twelve years old. leaving the 
family with a good farm and in fairly com- 
fortable circumstances. The young man 
attended the common schools and managed 
the farm until he entered college at Green - 
castle. About a year and a half after his 
graduation in 1S91 he removed to Indian- 
apolis and began the study of law in the 
office of Byron K. Elliott. He joined the 
Marion Club and made many friends 
among its members, and when the nomin- 
ations for the legislature were made in 
1896 he was put forward with the solid 
backing of the (dull and easily nominated 
and elected with the ticket. Though very 
young, he displayed an immense amount 
of ability and common sense in the ensuing 
session of the legislature. I le was seldom 
on the floor, hut when he arose he always 
had something to say which was to the 
point. He was made chairman of the ap- 
portionment committee and helped todraft 
a hill that was enacted into law in 1 ^i'7 . 
It was a delicate and difficult piece of 
work, tor the question was so surrounded 
l>\ legal controversy and judicial decisions 
that it was difficult to enact a law that 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



141 



would stand the test of the courts. He 
was renominated and re-elected in l s '.is 
and was put forward by his friends as a 
candidate for Speaker. The obstacles in 
the way were many and great, but the 
general recognition of Ins fairness and 
ability overcame them all and he was 
unanimously elected Speaker of the House. 
His record in the chair was one of the best 
that has ever been made there, and thn mgh 
tiie whole session no complaint on the 
score of his rulings was heard. At the 
(dose of the session lu- formed a partner- 
ship with Judge Elliott and the firm of 
Elliott. Elliott & Littleton is one of the 
most prominent and successful in the legal 
profession in Indiana. 



JAMES W. NOEL. 

It is only one young man out of bun 
dreds that comes to Indianapolis and 
succeeds in a very few years in carving 
out for himself a place of prominence in 
his profession and in the public life of the 
city. James W. Noel has been a resident 
of the city but four or five years, and yet 
he has already left the impress of his 
strong personality upon not only the city 
but the State. 

James William Xoel was born Novem- 
ber i'L 1867, at Melmore, Seneca County, 
Ohio, his father being William P. Noel 
and his mother Caroline Graves Noel. 
The Noel family is of noble Englishblood, 
known as far back as the 11th Century, 
the time of William, the Conqueror. 
They migrated to Virginia early after the 
settlement of Jamestown and figured 
with some prominence in early American 
history. Loftus Noel, the greatgrand- 
father of James \V.. removed to Lexing- 
ton, Ky.. and his son removed from 
thereto Alexandria. Ohio. He married a 
descendant of the DeVilbiss family that 
came from Alsace-Lorraine in the 17th 
Century. Their son was William 1'. 





*{&HiLJ 



.TitH 



Noel, who married a Miss Caroline 
Craves, of Puritan stock. They migrated 
to Pulaski county, where Mr. Xoel pur- 
chased a farm near Star City. Their son. 
James W. Noel, was educated in the 
common schools at Star City and entered 
Purdue University where he graduated in 
1892. In college he was famous for his 
immense industry and energy. While 
there was no better student in college he 
was very prominent in the athletics of the 
university and made himself famous as 
the manager of the foot hail team in its 
palmiest days. His education meant 
more to him than it does to the average 
young man. He had worked hard as a 
hoy on his father's farm and had taught 
a common school at the age of sixteen. 
It required six years of teaching before he 
could save money enough to go to college 
ami when he entered Purdue, in L8SD, he 
succeeded in doing the fouryears' work in 
two and one-half year-. During his col- 
lege course he was as active in college 
politics as in his studies and athletic 
affaire and enjoyed aboul all the available 



Ui' 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



honors of the university. After gradu- 
ating at Purdue he worked at the institu- 
tion foi two years us its secretary. In 

1894 he entered the office of Byron K. 
Elliott to study law and in 1895 gradu- 
ated from the Indiana Law School. In 

1895 lie was married to Miss Cornelia H. 
Humphrey, of Patriot. Indiana, and who 
died a few months later of typhoid fever. 
In L895 Mr. Noel began the practice of 
law alone, practically a stranger in In- 
dianapolis but lie secured business enough 
to support himself. In September of 1896 
he formed a partnership with Franklin J. 
Lahr and the firm has been very success 
ful with an excellent reputation for 
thorough and studious work and careful 
preparation. He joined the Marion Club 
and became very popular among the 
members of this body of active young 
Republicans. 

Ln L898 a number of his friends sug- 
gested that he stand for the nomination 
for the legislature and he was easily nomi- 
nated and elected with the ticket. It fell 
to his lot to play a very prominent part 
in the legislation of the session of 1899. 
He was one of the small number of young 
men who started the movement for the 
election ot Mr. Beveridge to the Senate 
and worked with intense activity until the 
movement was successful. He was also 
instrumental in the election of Frank Lit- 
tleton as Speaker. One of the most im- 
portant matters before the legislature was 
the street railroad hill. As originally pre- 
sented, it was all in favor of the great 
Indianapolis corporation controlling the 
street car lines of the city. Mr. Noel was 
made one of the subcommittee of two 
that took up this measure and modified it 
until the people were given a fair measure 
in the matter. The writer happens to 
know that during these weeks of pulling 
and hauling the young man stood with 
remarkable firmness and coui'age against 
the heaviest sort of pressure and fought 
with a very high order of moral courage 



for the rights of the people. He was the 
author of the pharmacy hill and the ant-i- 
lynching hill and introduced and fathered 
the Indianapolis park bill, the State hoard 
of health bill and various others. He was 
active in promoting the great reform bills 
that introduced much better methods in 
county and township government. He 
was chairman of the committee on the 
affairs of the City of Indianapolis and a 
member of the judiciary committee ami 
records show that he introduced and se- 
cured the passage of more hills than any 
other member. Ever since his gradua- 
tion. Mr. Noel has devoted much time to 
speech making in behalf of the Kepublican 
party in campaigns and has done excellent 
service as a member of various political 
committees and a delegate to various local 
and State conventions. He is a member 
of the Meridian Street Church and a con- 
siderable number of political chilis and 
social organizations. In June. L899, he 
was married to Miss Anne Madison Sloan, 
of Indianapolis, formerlyof Cincinnati, and 
a graduate of the Wesleyan Female Col- 
lege of that city, and a relative, on her 
mother's side, of President James Madison 
and Chief Justice Marshall. 



W. S. HAGGARD. 

William Selkirk Haggard, horn at 

Jefferson ville. Fayette county. Ohio. Sep- 
tember 18, 1847, is now the Lieutenant 
Governor of Indiana, and though still in 
the prime of life has behind him a rec- 
ord of public service to his State and 
country of which any man might he 
proud. In the early part of the last cen- 
tury four Haggard brothers came to Vir- 
ginia from England. They were descended 
from a family who came to Great Britain 
from Holland in 1466. The immediate 
ancestors of Gov. Haggard migrated to 
< >hio and settled in Fayette county. There 
the father of the future Governor married 
Martha Jane Thacker. who came from 



r\ 


^?G 


f 






jmL^ 


^1 


^t f 


t 





-^hd.rf* 



&■ tfc?^^ 



■?? 



*{ 



144 



HISTORY OF THE KEPUBLICAN PARTY 



Virginia when she was twelve years of 
age. In September, 1857, the family 
moved to Tippecanoe county, Indiana, 
where the s<ni was sent to the common 
schools until the breaking o\it of the Civil 
War. when, in his fifteenth year, he en- 
listed in the Sixteenth Indiana Battery 
and went to the front, serving to the end 
of the war as a private. He was in the 
battles of Cedar Mountain, Rhappahan- 
nock and the Second Bull Run. After 
being mustered out, he attended the Bat- 
tleground Collegiate Institute and Asbury 
University. He paid his tuition with the 
money he had earned working on the farm 
during vacation. In 1871 he began the 
practice of the law at Lafayette in part- 
nership with the Hon. Austin L. Kumler. 
In ls7:i he was married to Josephine Lutz. 
They have twi > children, Jesse L. and Fred. 
In 1 875 he was elected City Judge of La- 
fayette, and was a member of the legisla- 
ture in LS91 and 1893. He was elected to 
the State Senate in IS94, and before the 
expiration of his term as Senator was 
nominated and elected Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor. He was the chairman of the finance 
committee in the Senate, and was the 
author of the bill establishing the State 
Soldiers" Home at Lafayette, and during 
the whole course of his legislative career 
was an active champion of Purdue Uni- 
versity. His record in the legislature, as 
a member, and as presiding officer of the 
Senate, is without a blemish. In the chair 
he was fair and impartial, and became one 
of the most popular presiding officers that 
ever filled that place in the Senate. For 
ten years he has been editor and proprie- 
tor of the Lafayettt Herald. Governor 
Haggard is a forcible speaker on the 
stump, and is strong with the people 
throughout the State. He has been a life- 
long Republican and belongs to the class 
of stalwarts in his party. He will have 
the support of a large number of Repub- 
licans in the convention in L900 for nomi- 
nal ion for ( roverm ir. 



CHARLES s. HERNLY. 

Charles S. Hernly. the Chairman 
of the Republican State Central Com- 
mittee of Indiana, was horn upon a farm 
in Henry County. Indiana, September •_':!. 
IS56, being the year in which the Repub- 
lican party had its birth as a National 
organization. Mr. Hernly's father was a 
native of Lancaster County, Peiin. His 
great-great-grandfather, Ulrich Hoernli, 
as the name was originally spelled, was a 
native of Switzerland, hut left his native 
land and settled on a farm near Manheim. 
Lancaster County. La., in the year 
1 759, and the ancestral home is now owned 
by the descendants of Ulrich Hoernli. 
Here they hold their family reunions and 
commemorate the sturdy virtues of their 
Swiss ancestors. 

Mr. Hernly's mother was a native of 
Maryland ami horn of German parents. 
Her maiden name was Hoffacker and she 
is still living in New Castle, and is a kind 
hearted and noble woman. Her son has 
said of her that she is one of the most 
cheerful and kindliest women in the world. 
and the most perfect type of an optimist 
he ever knew. Heredity has left its im- 
press upon Mr. Hernly. and his abounding 
good nature, coolness in emergencies and 
judgment and determination are doubtless 
largely due to his German ancestry. 

Mr. Hernly's father and grandfather 
were originally Whigs, hut when the irre- 
pressible conflict between freedom and 
slavery arose, their affiliations were with 
tlie Free-Soil party, for their sympathies 
were ever with the poor and the oppressed. 
Later they became members of the Repub- 
lican party. 

A story is told of John Hernly. the 
grandfather of the Chairman, concern- 
ing the building of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad from Philadelphia to Harris- 
burgh. Simon Cameron, then a rising 
young politician of Pennsylvania, took 
great interest in the project and was mak- 
ing speeches in Lancaster county, urging 



OF TIIK ST V'I'K OK IMH \V\. I 1.", 

the people to take stock and lielp the land Academy, the famous (Quaker school 

project along, and was stopping with John of In's native county. Of two of his 

Bernly during his stay in the county. At teachers, George W. Bufford and (lark 

one of his meetings Mr. Cameron said to son Davis, he cherishes the mosl grateful 

the people that the day would come when recollection, and he has said thai to these 

one could gel iii the cars at Philadelphia excellent teachers he is largely indebted 

in the morning, go to Harrisburgh, do a for whatever success he has attained in life, 

day's business and return to Philadelphia Mr. Bernly's lather died when he was 

in the evening. Mr. Hernly doubted the fifteen years of age, leaving- his mother 

statement and that night when the\ re- with five children, the youngest being two 

turned home Eerniysaid to Cameron thai years of age. Upon the father's death 

if he did no1 stop lying about how last the family removed to New Castle, the 

the cars would run on the new railroad he county seal, and Charley, being the oldesl 

would so discourage the people thai i hey child, was the mainstay of the family, 

would quit attending the meetings. and he has said that the proudest days of 

Charles S. Bernly was the oldesl of his life were when he earned the money 

five children and was reared in tlie country which enabled the widowed mother to 

at an old-fashioned water mill on Little keep her children together. 

Blue River, in his native county, where Mr. Bernly taught school for several 

his father tended the mill ami engaged in terms in the district sol Is of Henry 

farming. The young man met with an county, and m LS76 he entered the law 
accident when twelve years old, l>y office of James Brown and Eobert L. Polk, 
which he lost a leg. Be fell from a as a student. In LS79 he was admitted to 
wagon, the hind wheel of which ran over the bar and took up the battle of life as a 
and crushed his left knee in such a man lawyer at the county seat of his native 
ner that amputation of the limb was county. Success came to him from the 
necessary. Mr. Bernly once said that start. His manners were genial and he 
about the time of his injury an old army was ever full of sympathies for the mis- 
surgeon happened to come along, and fortune of others. Be was especially 
within a short time three or four hoys had strong in a statement of a case, and espec- 
their legs cut off , but that there had not ially forcible before a .jury. Be was 

been an amputation in the neighborh I bold and fearless, and practiced law upon 

since. the theory that a law suit was a battle 

Air. Hernly suffered lor a long time which must be fought out to s e decisive 

from the injury and at times his life was result. Be had cultivated the best writers 

despaired of, hut he never gave up, and in the language, and often surprised his 

every dose of medicine his devoted mother hearers by the vigor and force of his 

gave him was with the hopeful admoni- English. 

tion that it would make him well. The From boyhood Mr. Hernly has taken 

house where hi' was horn and passed his an active interest in politics and in the 

early youth was a typical Indiana cabin. officers of his native county, and he has 

with clapboard root and big fireplace, ami been largely identified with i-\<-]-\ import 

he has said that his earliest recollections -ml public enterprise, and il is said thai 

are of his father bauling up the big black he has given as much of his time and 

logs with oxen. means for the good of the community in 

He first attended the common schools which be lives as any man of bis age. 

in the country and afterward the New Be has been successful in alibis business 

Castle High School, and later the Spice- enterprises and was never defeated at an 



i-h; 



HISTORY OP THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



election but once, and thai for an unim- 
portant office, just after he had arrived at 

his majority. And the defeat, he lias 
said, was one of the luckiest days of 
his life. 

Mr. Hernlv possesses a great fund of 
humor. He is a true and loyal friend, but 
a hard fighter when the battle is on. He 
is an excellent judge of human nature. 
He is easily approachable and remarkably 
frank in ordinary intercourse, hut cautious 
and reserved in grave matters. Outside 
of a legal battle he is very considerate of 
the feelings of others, and no man in the 
community has more friends among the 
younger people than he. A story of suffer- 
ing to him never falls upon unwilling ears. 
As an illustration of his kindness to the 

1 r a story is told, that a few years ago 

he put up at public sale a lot of Jersey 
cows. A poor woman, the mother of 
eight children, came to him to inquire 
about purchasing a cow. to help her 
through the winter, but said she had no 
money, but would try and pay some day. 
Mr. Hernlv. after hearing her story, told 
the colored man to go to the stall and 
lead out a cow. which he gave to the 
poor woman stating thai he would do 
that much towards helping her raise her 
children. 

Mr. Hernlv has served as Chairman of 
the Republican Central Committee of 
Henry county for several years, and has 
served one term as Clerk of the Henry 
Circuit Court. He owns a farm near New 
Castle, and is a stockholder in the local 
telephone company. He never lost in- 
terest in farm life, which he says is one of 
the noblest occupations in life. 

Mr. Hernlv has a wife and t wo children. 
His wife is a thoroughly devoted and 
accomplished woman, her maiden name 
being Elizabeth Thornburgh; she is a 
descendant of the well known Thornburgh 
family of East Tennessee. Their home is 
a beautiful but modest one where a gen- 
erous and refined hospitality is dispensed. 



HUGH H. HANNA. 
The interests of modern civilization are 
so tremendous, so varied, so complex that 
the present age is productive of the most 
powerful intellects the world has known. 
In the number of lives involved, in the 
values at stake, in the extent of operation, 
modern wars, modern trade developments 
and modern political movements so greatly 
overshadow those of ancient and medieval 
times that were it not for the sentimen- 
tality and historical interest surrounding 
the latter, we should regard them as ut- 
terly insignificant. Great things depend 
upon great minds for their direction and 
the world is beginning to realize that the 
present generation has developed intellec- 
tual giants comparing favorably with any 
of those of the past. And many of these 
are men that we seldom hear about. We 
occasionally read a newspaper sketch of 
a man whose energy and comprehensive 
grasp of conditions throughout the world 
has budded up a great enterprise that 
ramifies throughout the confines of civili- 
zation, but we set him down at once sim- 
ply as a "shrewd business man " or a 
••lucky investor.*' forgetting that this 
captain of industry probably commands 
an army of thousands, not commanding 
them to do one thing, to march in one 
direction, to keep their camp and equip- 
ment according to regulations that have 
been laid down by centuries of experience; 
but working out with his own intelligence 
the duties of each individual soldier and 
subaltern in his army, marking out for 
them work as varied and as complex as are 
the unlimited efforts of modern industry. 
He must know and understand widely di- 
versified conditions throughout the known 
world, the habits of the people, their 
methods of work and trade, their degree 
of intelligence and their prejudices. His 
positive judgment must so direct the work 
of his industrial army as to make the most 
of the conditions he finds throughout the 
world and win success in the face of. not 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 147 

only the thousands of natural obstacles he banking business. B\ ivason of ill health 

meets, but also inthe teeth of competition he was soon thereafter compelled to make 

with armies as fully equipped ami as ably a sojourn to the Hawaiau Islands. From 

directed as Ins own. No man can ever that time on his health mended and has 

see how many men of this stamp may be since remained good. In October, LS78, 

found in the headquarters of large manu- he was married to Miss Anna Sharpe. of 

facturing. banking, railroad, insurance [ndianapolis, and they have one son, Hugh 

and other corporations, hut the magnifi H. Hanna. Jr. 

cent results that have been attained by In L880 he removed to Indianapolis, 
these industrial agents during the past purchased an interest in the Atlas Engine 
thirty years demonstrate the fact that they Works and soon became its active bead 
are many. We seldom hear of them out- and later practically its sole proprietor, 
side their own line of business, yet occa- He devoted many of the best years of his 
sionally one of them will step forth and life to a thorough organization of this 
move the world iii a way to make history, concern in every department and has 
Hugh H. Hanna reached almost his built it up until now its product is sold in 
fiftieth year before his name was known every corner of the known world and it is 
outside his own city and State, except in known as one of the largest and most suc- 
a purely business way. Then he became cessful manufacturing concerns in the 
famous, not through any sudden stroke of United States. In the meantime he look 
fortune nor through any ambitious effort an active interest and exerted a large in- 
to acquire personal reputation, but because fluence in the development of the hotter 
a need arose for a great popular move- side of life in Indianapolis. No charitable 
ment and for a man properly equipped to or philanthropic movement was complete 
lead it. His time, his country and the without his advice and active help, 
conditions of modern industrial life had Working shoulder to shoulder with Oscar 
reached a point where it was necessary McCulloch he helped to devise for Indian- 
for the future welfare of the American apolis a system of organized charities that 
people that their financial system should has stood for years as a model for the 
be founded upon the rock of the gold charity organizations of the country, 
standard and so develop along sound and There was that about the man that in- 
stable lines as to eliminate, not only all spired in his fellowmen the most absolute 
elements of uncertainty in the currency confidence, not only in his integrity of 
of the United States, but also such clumsy purpose, but in his wisdom and knowl- 
methoils as have long hindered and handi- edge of conditions. He hail a habit when 
capped trade and industry. He saw the necessity for philanthropic effort arose of 
need of this work and set about to accom- either calling together fifty or more of the 
plish it in the most effective way. Mr. most prominent business men of the city 
Hanna was born in LaFayette, Indiana, and telling them what was to hi' done 
September lit. is4s. His father was and how much of a contribution in money 
Joseph F. Hanna, a prosperous banker at was expected from each. Occasionally, 
LaFayette. He was given a thorough ed- instead of calling them together for dis- 
ucation, though it was a struggle agaiust cussion, he would simply select a lisl of 
illness. He was compelled to leave W'a names and send to each of them a note 
hash College in the middle of his sopho- explaining what was to be done and 
more year and go abroad. After a year assessing upon his correspondent his indi- 
and a half of study in Stuttgart, Wur- vidual portion of the expense. Every 
temberg, he returned and entered into the man thus called into consultati r 



IUSTOKY (»F THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



addressed by letter understood perfectly 
well that Mr. Hanna had made a thor- 
ough study of the situation, knew what 
was the right thing to do. knew to 
a penny how much it would cost and had 
himself contributed as much and probably 
more than he asked from any other man. 
The checks were always forthcoming. 
When natural gas was discovered and 
t w( > ( >r three large corporations endeavored 
to get control of the business in Indian- 
apolis, he and a few associates organized 
the Consumers' Gas Trust, a peculiar co- 
operative organization that has supplied 
natural gas at an extremely low figure to 
the citizens of Indianapolis and has paid 
hack to them with interest very nearly all 
that they invested twelve years ago for 
the purpose of supplying themselves with 
cheapgas. Mr. Hanna's financial plan for 
this corporation, as well as his plan for the 
physical plant were the ones adopted and 
with the utmost faith in an enterprise 
that was considered by local financiers as 
extremely doubtful at best. In the work 
of the art association and other eleemosy- 
nary organizations he has given much of 
his time and intelligent energy for the 
behalf of his fellow citizens. 

It was but natural that a man of such 
broad interest in public affairs should 
exert an influence in politics. Mr. Hanna 
has been a Republican from principle all 
his life and while he has declined time 
and again all suggestions of holding office 
for himself and has never undertaken to 
influence the selection of candidates by 
conventions, he has always been interested 
in seeing that his party should take the 
right side of questions of public moment 
and has given with unstinted liberality of 
his time and work and money for the suc- 
cess of his party in campaigns. Like 
thousands of business men when the ques- 
tion of free silver loomed up suddenly in 
the spring of 1896 before the National or 
State conventions had been held he be- 
came anxious that the Republican party 



should stand squarely upon the issue of 
sound money. With the same practical 
common sense and energy that had 
marked his work all his life, he set about 
first to see that the plank adopted by the 
Indiana State convention should be right. 
To this end he gathered together a few 
men and began a correspondence through- 
out the State that resulted in the choice of 
a resolutions committee that was unani- 
mous for sound money and courageous 
enough to say so. The declaration of the 
Indiana Republicans for sound money 
was the turning point in the tight within 
the Republican party and when it was 
carried to the St. Louis convention the ex- 
ample of Indiana was extremely powerful 
in obtaining the right kind of a declara- 
tion in the Republican National platform. 
During the tremendous struggle of the 
campaign of 1896 he devoted almost his 
whole time to accomplishing such work as 
lay in his way to attain success for the 
Republican party and the sound financial 
policy, but while fighting in the present 
he was looking seriously to the future. 

The election was no sooner over than 
he took up seriously and energetically the 
great work that has done and is still doing 
so much for the prosperity of the Ameri- 
can people. The work was not under- 
taken in haste or without previous inves- 
tigation and thought. Xo man who 
enlisted with him in this great movement 
understood quite so thoroughly what it all 
meant in the way of years of patient work 
and persevering effort in educating the 
people and in bringing up such a state of 
public opinion as would not only pave the 
way for and compel reformatory legisla- 
tion, but would make such legislation per- 
manent when enacted. It is sufficient 
demonstration of his depth of thought. 
knowledge of conditions and far-seeing in- 
telligence that the great movement has 
gone along toward success upon practi- 
cally the very lines that he marked out in 
the beginning. At his suggestion the 



150 



HISTORY (iK THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



[ndiauapolis" Board of Trade called a con 
ference of the commercial bodies of the 
Central -West and this conference called a 
convention of delegates of the commercial 
organizations of the country. Unques- 
tionably in intellect, in power and in 
strength this was the most notable gather- 
ing nt' men thai lias ever met in ;i conven- 
tion in the United States. The views, of 
coui'se, were various, but after much labor 
all were harmonized to the notion that the 
convention should adopt a brief and com- 
prehensive platform and should ask Con- 
gress to appoint a commission to go thor- 
oughly into the subject and prepare a 
report which should form the basis for 
legislation. Should Congress fail to do 
this it was provided that a commission tor 
this purpose might he appointed by an 
executive committee of fifteen, to which 
the convention delegated itspowers. .Mr. 
Hanna was chosen as the head of this exe- 
cutive committee and as such has carried 
on the work for nearly three years. He 
brought together a commission composed 
of eleven men. all distinguished, either by 
their peculiar knowledge of the subject or 
their success as men of large affairs. 
This commission, after months of study 
and investigation, made a report and drew 
a hill for a currency system based upon 
this report. While the House was Re- 
publican, the free-silver people had a ma- 
jority in the Senate and legislation was 
impossible, hut by thoroughly organized 
effort. Mr. Hanna proceeded rapidly in the 

matter of educating the ] pie throughout 

the country to the value of the correct 
principles laid down by the commission. 
The convention was reassembled and en- 
dorsed the ci mi mission's work. The report 
was spread broadcast throughout the conn 
try and everywhere thoroughly discussed. 
When the campaign of LS9S came, Mr. 
Hanna organized a campaign covering 
over 200 Congressional districts, making 
a direct fighi in thirteen States where the 
election of Senators seemed to he more or 



less doubtful. A Republican majority 
was retained in the House of Representa- 
tives and the free-silver majority in the 
Senate was overthrown. All through the 
work there has been a tremendous amount 
of effort in the matter of convincing mem- 
bers of Congress and Congressional com- 
mittees of the way in which their duty 
lay. As a result, committees of both 
Houses of Congress have agreed upon a 
measure embodying the most important 
principles of the monetary commission's 
report and there is no doubt that the first 
session of the Congress elected in lsn.s 
will enact this measure into law. During 
these long years of struggle and everlast- 
ing patience, the quiet persistence and 
hard common sense, the pure and lofty 
motives of this man have incited the won- 
der and admiration and won the support 
of the thousands of men of all classes, de- 
grees and occupations with whom he has 
come iii contact. With him at the head 
of the movement it has been utterly im- 
possible that any of those taking the op- 
posite view should charge to the movement 
anything of unfairness in method or mean- 
ness of purpose. Anything of this sort 
would he entirely foreign to his nature. 
Nor could it develop in the work without 
his knowledge, tor he is not the kind of a 
man to he ignorant of any detail of a 
matter for which he holds himself respon- 
sible. 

People not acquainted with Hugh II. 
Hanna are unable to understand the intense 
regard for him entertained by those who 
know him well, though they are ready to 
admit that his character seems flawless. 
If he has a weakness at any point those 
who have had opportunities of intimate 
observance for years have never been able 
to discover it and tot hem the conscientious 
rectitude, the warm human sympathy, 
the wide knowledge, the broad intelligence, 
the uever-ending patience and the great 
depth and strength of tin- man seem to 
round out a perfect character. 



of THK STATE OF [NDIANA. 



151 



JOHN CLAY WINGATE. 

John C'i.ay Wingate was born near 
tlic old town of Pleasant Hill (now Win- 
gate), Montgomery county, [ndiana, May 
22nd, L851. His father. William Anson 
Wingate, was of good old-fashioned Yan- 
kee stock running hack into New Eng- 
land, and was a plain plodding man of 
affairs, who won a substantia] victory, 
even in making a living-, in the hand-to- 
hand conflict with the adversities incident 
to a farmer's life in the earlier days of 
agriculture in our Hoosier State. His 
mother's maiden name was Nancy Coon. 
She was of Holland Dutch extraction. 
Her father. Christian Coon, was a stal- 
wart character, and from him the subject 
of this sketch, no doubt, inherits much of 
the tenacity of purpose which is so mani- 
fest in all his undertakings. This grand- 
father of his was the ''Old Zip Coon" of 
pioneer fame, whose prowess was ever a 
menace to evildoers. 

John's opportunities for securing an 
education were very limited, if measured 
by attendance at school, and consisted of 
those afforded by the country district, and 
even these were cut short at the age of 
fourteen, when his father died, for in 
order to help his mother support the 
family, he at once took service on a farm 
as a "hired hand." However it might he 
mentioned here that his insatiate thirst 
for knowledge made him an inveterate 
reader, so that all his life he has availed 
himself of this means of increasing his 
store of information until he has become 
one of the best informed men in the State 
on general and practical topics. 

The death of his father developed an in- 
herent trait in the boy thai grew with the 
years — and that was a tender solicitude 
for the welfare and comfort of his 
widowed mother. He was the oldest of 
four children left to her care. In the 
course of not many years the other three 
died, but tn the end of her life, he never 



failed to provide her with a home and all 
its comforts. 

The little farm of fourteen acres thai 
his father left is now owned l,y him. but 
out of reverence for his memory he has 

never changed the title: the nai f 

William Anson Wingate still remains mi 
the tax duplicate. 

From farm hired hand, at the age of 
fourteen, to the present he has never 
failed to he busy. Since LSYo, with the 
exception of one year, he has traveled in 
the interest of farm machinery manu- 
factured at Peoria, 111., and has continu- 
ously been in the employ of the same peo- 
ple. In the campaign of L888, when the 
traveling men of the Central States met 
in Indianapolis to visit General Harrison, 
the Republican Presidential candidate, it 
was .John Wingate's response on behalf 
of Indiana, at the Tomlinson Hall meet- 
ing, that aroused so much enthusiasm. 

When the ••Clover Leaf" railroad was 
being constructed there was a strife upon 
the part of different localities for its loca- 
tion. There was every probability that it 
would miss Pleasant Hill. John Win- 
gate saw the danger, and left his husiness 
for six months and freely gave his time to 
secure this great enterprise for his people. 
He worked with such effect that he 
secured its location over what others 
thought were insurmountable obstacles. 
In recognition of his untiring efforts and 
great success, the name of his town was 
changed in his honor from that of Pleas- 
ant Hill to Wingate. To-day there is no 
more modern or thriving little town in 
Indiana than this. 

While he has never been an office 
seeker, he has always been very active in 
behalf of the Republican party. He be- 
lieves in his party, as he believes in the 
destiny of his country. His phenomenal 
intuitive knowledge of men and his ready 
grasp of political measures has made a 
great demand for him in the counsels of 
his party. So unerring is his judgment 



HISTORY dl'' Till', REPUBLICAN PARTY 




that it seldom fails of success if carried 
out. It was he who insisted on the 
availability of dailies A. Mount as a can- 
didate for Governor, and then so master- 
fully managed his campaign as to make 
him an easy winner for the nomination. 
Later he had the management of the 
campaign inaugurated for the purpose of 
placing General Lew Wallace in the 
United States Senate, and there is not the 
shadow of a douht hut what he had made 
success absolutely certain, when the war 
with Spain broke out. and the Genera] 
peremptorily withdrew his name from fur- 
ther consideration when he offered his 
services to the Government in the event 
they would be needed In referring to 
him, General Wallace paid him this high, 
but well deserved compliment: •■John 
Wmgate is honest and faithful to his 
trust; he has three qualities which in 



combination seldom fail to make a great 
man namely: invention, shrewdness in 
ways and means and perseverance." 

In the months that intervened after 
General Lew Wallace withdrew his name 
from further consideration in connection 
with the Senatorial race, and the conven- 
ing of the legislature, numerous other 
candidates appeared in the field. As the 
day of battle approached, it saw the in- 
terests of the brilliant Albert J. Bever 
idge, under the personal direction of .John 
Wingate. After one of the most memor- 
able and exciting friendly contests in the 
history of Indiana politics. Beveridge 
won. 

< M f the many pleasant aftermaths 

of the Beveridge campaign was the recep- 
tion given by the Columbia Club of In- 
dianapolis, at the Denison hotel, to 
Senator elect Beveridge and Minister to 
Austria Addison C. Harris. Many of 
the noted men and women of the State 
were present and the gathering will long 
be remembered as the most brilliant in 
the history of the city. Responses to 
toasts were made by the Governor and 
by others prominent in letters and poli- 
tics. < hi this occasion Mr. Wingate was 
honored by being selected to respond to 
the sentiment "Our New Senator." In 
doing so he not only gratified but agree- 
ably surprised his friends by his choice 
diction and powers of oratory. It is no 
disparagement to others to say- because 
it was universally conceded to be so — 
that his speech was the decided hit of the 
evening. 

Ii is not inappropriate to speak here of 
some peculiarities of John Wingate in 
politics that make him different from most 
men. He is no "trimmer. " but is always 
for some one: but in being for some one. 
he does not think it incumbent upon him 
self to he against somebody else, and have 
concealed about his pel-son knives and 
poison for their political extermination. 



OF THK STATE OP INDIAN \ 



I ;,:: 



He always comes out of a fight with the 
devotion of his friends and the respect of 
those whose personal cause lie did not 
espouse. Another peculiarity is that near- 
ly his whole life lias been spent in ad- 
vancing the interests of sonic one: and 
this, not infrequently, at no little sacri- 
fice to himself. He is modest in the 
extreme, never posing as a forecaster and 
by nature is entirely impervious to dis- 
couragements. 

At the expiration of the second term of 
Col. I. X. Walker, on March loth, L89M, 
Governor Mount appointed John C. Win 
gate his successor as State Tax Commis- 
sioner, which is the only official position 
he has ever held. 

He brings to the discharge of the duties 
of this responsihle position a broad intel- 
ligence, a quick perception, a discriminat- 
ing judgment, an extensive knowledge of 
men. a wide comprehension of property 
values and a courage that will enable 
him to fearlessly perform the obligations 
imposed upon him by law. 

i >n May 22nd, L8T9, he was united in 
marriage to Miss Lida Grilkey, only 
daughter of the Hon. Aaron H. Grilkey, 
of Montgomery county. They have no 
children, but their hearts have always 
gone out in sympathy to the little folks. 
They have taken into their home, at dif- 
ferent times, three orphan children, who 
have been the recipients of their generos- 
ity and affection, two of whom. Claude 
('. Hughes and Arthur Hoagland, are 
still with them. A number of years ago 
Mrs. Wiugate was the victim of a serious 
railroad accident that has made her a 
sufferer ever since. She is the constant 
recipient of all the care and attention that 
can he given by a loving and devoted 
husband. All that expert medical and 
surgical skill can suggest has been and is 
still being done for her comfort and re 
covery. After all. the home is the real test 
of character, and measured by this stand 
ard. John ('. Wiugate is at his best. 




c 



LARZ A. WlIITCOMlfis olli of the most 

efficient of the youug attorneys of I ml i 
atiapolisandis among all his acquaintances 
an extremely popular man. Mr. Whit- 
comh was one of the Republican leaders 
of the Indiana House of Representatives, 
despite the fact that he is young in years, 
in the legislature of ls:i|t. While, with a 
becoming modesty, he did not attempt to 
force himself to the front, he was recog- 
nized as one of the most conservative and 
a hie members of the legislature and gained 
the respect of his colleagues by Ins uncom- 
promising positions on several measures. 
He has for some years been known as one 
of the most active young Republicans of 
Marion county. 

Mr. Whitcomb was horn at Clinton. 
Indiana. March 26th, L871. His father. 
John Whitcomb. was one of Indiana's 
early pioneers, coming to this State and 
settling at Clinton in I si's. Mr. Whit 
con ih received his common school education 



154 



HISTORY OK THK REPUBLICAN PART'S 



at Clinton. At the age of fifteen years 
he entered the preparatory school of 
DePauw University and graduated from 
DePauw in June, L893. In September of 
that year he entered the Academic Depart- 
ment of Yale and was graduated in June. 
1894. In the following year he was 
graduated from the Yale Law School. 
AY ell prepared for a life's struggle by an 
excellent and thorough education. Mr. 
Whitcomb came to Indianapolis in Septem- 
ber, 1895, and engaged in the practice of 
law. It is certain that his election to the 
legislature is but a small step in his politi- 
cal career, for at the present early stage 
of his existence he has. by his honesty and 
bis record as a careful and efficient attor- 
ney, demonstrated bis worth. 



COL. RICHARD W. THOMPSON. 

No man in Indiana, nor indeed through- 
out the West, has enjoyed so long a career 
of high distinction as has Col. Richard W. 
Thompson. One of the most prominent 
leaders of the Republican party in the 
country years before men whose heads are 
now bowed beneath the hoar of wintry 
age. He has lived on with a most aston- 
ishing vitality and has accomplished won- 
ders for humanity long after the period of 
his natural activity was supposed to have 
been closed. The veneration with which 
he has been held for years by the whole 
Republican party of Indiana is something 
unparalleled. 

Richard AY. Thompson was born at 
Culpepper Courthouse. Va., in 1809. The 
war of 1812, fought while he was a babe 
in arms, gave a great impetus to the 
Western migration of the race, and many 
a young man of the original States sought 
in the wilderness beyond the Ohio a for- 
tune and a career. At twenty-two young 
Dick Thompson was a handsome stripling 

with nothing but a g 1 education, a 

whole body and a determination to make 
a name for himself in the world. He took 



up the Western trail, riding on horseback 
through the mountains from his Virginia 
home to Pittsburg. Thence down the 
( >hio river to Louisville. There he stnu k 
northward and westward, through the 
hills and forests, nor paused until he 
reached the straggling little village of 
Bedford. Indiana. His simple store of 
money was about exhausted, and. like 
many another young man of his time, he 
turned to school teaching as the mosl con- 
venient method of earning a livelihood. 
As a school teacher and as a merchant's 
clerk he succeeded in keeping himself 
clothed and fed while he put in all his 
spare time studying law. After three 
years he was admitted to the bar and 
took up the practice of law. but at the 
same time he was cast into the arena of 
politics. No young man in all the country 
round was near so popular as he with 
man. woman and child. He was elected a 
member of the General Assembly, and 
served there and in House and Senate 
four years with great distinction and use- 
fulness. For two years he was Acting 
Lieutenant-Governor. It was during this 
period of his career, in 1 >:!•;. that he was 
married to Miss Harriet Eliza Gardner, 
and of this union eight children were 
born. In is-tl Mr. Thompson was elected 
by the Whigs as a member of Congress, 
but before the expiration of his term re- 
moved to Terre Haute, out of the district, 
where the profession of law offered to him 
a wider field. He became the most fam- 
ous advocate of his time in Indiana and 
during the period of his practice was en- 
gaged in nearly all of the most important 
legal controversies in Indiana and Illinois. 

In ls-l-she was elected to CongieSS fl'oin 

the Terre Haute district against Hon. Jos. 
A. Wright, afterwards Governor of Indi- 
ana. It was during this term in Congress 
that his intimacy with Morse, the invento] 
of telegraphy, began. As is well known. 
Morse carried his invention before Con- 
gress and begged for an appropriation for 




C_y Z^cX^vL^ 



crnyC 



HISTORY til-' THE REPUBLICAN PAKTY 



;in experimental line. Thompson was one 
of the few who. instead of scoffing at such 
an unheard of thing, took the matter up 
seriously and gave it earnest study. Prob- 
alily more than any other member, lie was 
instrumental in obtaining for Morse the 
means of giving to the world the benefit 
of his great invention. His wit and ge- 
niality, no less than his abilities, made 
him many warm friends among the bril- 
liant coterie of men then in control of 
Congressional affairs, among them Clay, 
Webster, Calhoun, and other famous 
names. He participated prominently in 
the debates, raging in Congress at that 
time over the slavery question, and was a 
leader of the great body of Whigs who 
believed that the future safety and pros- 
perity of the country lay in the avoidance 
of civil war, and his voice was always 
raised in behalf of peace and reasonable 
compromise, but when the war came on 
he took his place without hesitation and 
without compromise on the side of the 
Union. As provost marshal of a large dis- 
trict, he had the supervision of the raising 
of troops, general supervision of camps 
and the duty of keeping the peace within 
his district. At the close of the war he 
resumed the practice of law at Terre Haute, 
devoting most of his attention t<> the af- 
fairs of the Terre Haute & Indianapolis 
Railroad Company, of which he was for 
many years counsel. During this period 
he filled a short term as Circuit Judge by 

appointment. He declined the office of 

minister to Austria tendered him by Pres- 
ident Taylor, the office of Recorder of Gen- 
eral Laud Office, offered by President Fill- 
more, and a .1 udgeship in the United States 
Court of Columbus, offered by President 
Lincoln. While he was still active, not 
only in Indiana, hut throughout the coun- 
try as a speaker in behalf of Republican 
principles, he believed that he had perma- 
nently retired from official life and was 
well content to pass the rest of his days as 
an eminent lawver who had served his 



country when his services were needed. 
In |s77. however. President Hayes in- 
vited him into his cabinet as Secretary of 
the Navy. He accepted the appointment, 
and brought to its duties conscientious 
care and attention to details that caused 
no little surprise at Washington. He be- 
lieved the United States must equip itself 
with a modern navy, hut he saw that be- 
fore this should he possible the Navy de- 
partment must be remodeled from top to 
bottom, old barnacles swept off, old leaks 
stopped up and a thorough system of bus- 
iness and economy introduced. To this 
great task he set himself with zeal and 
vigor, and with effective intelligence that 
from the first appropriation made by Con- 
gress after he assumed office he was able 
to cover back to the treasury over a million 
dollars. Many men have claimed the title 
of ••Father of the New Navy." but to Col. 
Thompson belongs distinctly the honor of 
having not only discerned the necessity 
for such a navy, but of going about in a 
proper business-like way to paving the 
way for it. In December, L880, he re- 
signed his office to accept the presidency of 
the American board of the Panama Canal 
Company, a great trust which he carried 
forward with energy, integrity and busi- 
ness like sagacity, until the extravagance 
of the home company wrecked the enter- 
prise. No greater compliment could come 
to a man's integrity than lies in the fact 
that during all the terrible exposition of 
scandal and corruption in the French Pan 
atna Company no breath of suspicion ever 
attached to the American administration 
of its affairs under Col. Thompson's direc- 
tion. Its record was as clean as that of a 
well regulated bank. At the end of his 
service with the Panama Company, full 
of years and dignity. Mr. Thompson re- 
tired to private life reappearing always to 
preside over the State convention of his 
party or to head the State delegation to a 
National convention. Each of these re- 
appearances has been hailed as a triumph 



<iK THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



Loi 



and not only the party in Indiana lint the 
Republicans <>t' the Nation have sought 
their opportunity to show their respect and 
veneration. Though lie has led a life of 
»'i'eat activity in the affairs of men. Mr. 
Thompson has found time to give to the 
world a number of historical and philoso- 
phical works of higb value, among them. 
•'The Papacy and Civil Power." "History 
of the Tariff. "" "Footprints of the Jesuits." 
"Personal Recollections of the Presidents." 
While all of these have been valuable 
contributions to history and to literature, 
the last, detailing his recollections of six- 
teen Presidents has had a wonderfully wide 
circle of readers and has added not a little 
to a fame already builded high of other 
materials. 

JEFFERSON H. CLAYPOOL. 

Jefferson H. Claypool was born 
at Connersville, Indiana. August 15, 
L856. Spent four years at Miami Uni- 
versity, Oxford. < Ihio, and one year at the 
University of Virginia, Charlottsville, 
Virginia. Read law for two years in his 
father's law office at Connersville. was ad- 
mitted to practice in 1 >•! 7. and became a 
law partner of his father and continued as 
such until the death of his father in L888. 
The firm did a large business, which af- 
forded the young Claypool an opportunity 
rarely enjoyed by young lawyers for gain- 
ing experience in his profession, and form- 
ing an extensive acquaintanceship. Mr. 
Claypool was elected to the Indiana Eouse 
of Representatives in 1888 and again in 
L890 from the comities of Fayette and 
Henry. He served on the committee of 
ways and means both sessions. In 1893 
Mr. Claypool moved to Indianapolis, where 
he has since resided. Since his removal 
to this city he has not been active in the 
practice of his profession, giving his time 
largely to the management of extensive 
farming interests and other business enter- 
prises with which he is connected. He is 



director in the Firsi sal ional Hank of 
Connersville. Indiana, and a stockholder 
in a number of business corporations, to 
all of which he gives personal attention. 
From his early youth Mr. Claypool has 
been an active Republican, and lias assisted 
in writing several of the Slate platforms of 
his party. In the campaign of LS9W he 
was chairman of the advisory committee, 
of the State central commit tee. and in 
1898 was one of the State election com- 
missioners. Mi-, Claypool has in the pas! 
ten years contributed numerous articles to 
the public press on political and economic 
questions, many of which have been ex- 
tensively recopiedon account of their clear 
ness and forceful reasoning. Mr. Clay- 
pool believes in clean politics, civil service 
and a single gold standard, and has no 
hesitation in expressing himself in regard 
to men or measures, believing that no 
political party can long succeed by prac- 
ticing demagogy. 

In L893 Mr. Claypool was married to 
Mary Buckner Ross, only child of Major 
John W. Ross, of Connersville. Indiana. 
They have one child. Benjamin F. Clay- 
pool, aged five years. 



EENRY C. RYAN 
Henry C. Ryan, Judgeofthe Madison 

Superior Court, has Ion.-- 1 n known as 

one of the prominent attorneys of Eastern 
Indiana, and as a Republican who has 
fought manfully for the success of his 
party and has helped immeasurably in the 
work of building up the Republican party 
of .Madison county to its present success. 
He was horn May 4. 1^;,;,. at Morristown, 
Shelby comity. Indiana, where his family 
temporarily resided while his father was 
engaged in superintending the construe 
tioii of what was then known a- the Junc- 
tion Railroad. Less than a year later 
they returned to Anderson, where the 
family has since resided. His father was 
Col. Townsend Ryan, a physician and 



1 58 



HISTORY OP THE REPUBLICAN PAKTY 




*£. 



-7 



&> 



*r 



surgeon by prof ession, who practiced in An- 
derson up to the breaking out of the Civil 
War. when he entered the service as 
Colonel of the Thirty-Fourth Indiana In- 
fantry. He commanded this regiment 
with high ability and courage for two 
years, when he was compelled to leave the 
service on account of ill health, afterwards 
joining the Fifty-Fourth Indiana as sur- 
geon, in this capacity going through the 
campaign before Vicksburg. Before the 
war he served a term in the Indiana legis- 
lature. He had heen an old neighbor and 
friend of James Buchanan and was a 
delegate to the convention that nominated 
Buchanan for the Presidency. His an- 
cestors were of Irish and Swiss stock. 
Judge Ryan's mother's name was Susan 
Wilson, of one of the prominent families 
of Butler county, < >. The boy was educat- 
ed in Anderson, chiefly in private schools, 
and soon after leaving school entered the 
law office of Sausberry & Goodykoonts. 
After reading law for two years in this 
office he entered upon the practice of his 
profession. He met with the usual strug- 



gles of a young lawyer, hut persistent in- 
dustry, conscientious work and natural 
ability overcame every obstacle and he 
gradually assumed his natural place as 
one of the prominent lawyers of the State. 
Mr. Ryan was married at Anderson in 
September. LS78, to Sarah M. Ethell. 
daughter of Win. (i. Ethell. a prominent 
civil engineer. They have but one child. 
Marc Ryan, now just coining to man 
hood. 

In politics, Mr. Ryan has always been 
a Republican, casting his first vote in the 
elections of 1876. He has always taken 
an active part in local politics and his in- 
fluence has spread far beyond his county, 
though he has never been much interested 
in the details of State politics. From 1890 
to 1896 he served as a member of the An- 
derson City Council, during the period of 
the city's greatest development when all 
the most important of the city's improve- 
ments were made. In 1896 he was nomi- 
nated by acclamation for Judge of the 
Superior Court and was elected by a good 
round majority. In this office he has 
served with such ability as to largely in- 
crease the great esteem in which he is held 
throughout the gas belt. 



JOHN K. GOWDY. 

Hon. John K. Gowdy, Consul-General 

of the United States at Paris, France, 
was chairman of the Indiana Republican 
State committee from 1890 to 1*97. He 
is a native of Indiana, having been born 
at Arlington, in Rush county. August 23, 
1844. He received a common school edu- 
cation in his native county. 

In September, 1862, he enlisted as a 
private in Company L. Fifth Indiana Vol- 
unteer Cavalry, at Lafayette. Indiana, 
serving until October 5. 186;">. when be 
was mustered out at Indianapolis. Dur- 
ing the fall and winter of 1865-66 he at- 
tended school in Eush county. In 1866- 
67 he taught school in Jasper county. 



(IF THK STATE UK INDIANA. 



159 



In January, L867, he was married to 
Miss Eve E. Gordon, and in August of 
the same year he returned to Rush county. 
where he settled on a farm. There he re- 
sided until L870, in which year he was 
elected Sheriff of Rush county, and moved 
to Rushville to assume the duties of the 
office. In lS72he was again renominated 
and re-elected Sheriff. 

After serving four years as sheriff lie 
returned to the farm, where he lived until 
187s. In that year he returned to the 
county seat, where he has since lived. In 
1^7!* .Mr. Gowdy was elected chairman of 
the Rush county Republican committee, 
and served his party in that capacity dur- 
ing a period of ten years. 

In 1882 he was nominated by the Re- 
publicans of Rush county, by acclamation, 
for Auditor, to which office he was elected. 
In "LSsu he was renominated, and again 
elected to a second term in the same office. 

In his capacity as county chairman, 
and in the management of local cam 
paigns, Mr. Gowdy displayed such splen- 
did executive ability, and such tact for 
organization, that he became a potent 
factor in State politics. In the fall of 
1890, when Attorney- General L. T. Mich- 
ener resigned the chairmanship of the In- 
diana Republican State committee, Mr. 
Gowdy was selected as his successor. 

In 1892, when the State committee was 
reorganized, he was elected chairman. He 
at once entered upon a personal canvass 
of the State in the interests of the organ- 
ization. His ability as an organizer was 
demonstrated in the State campaign of 
L892, when, although the Republican 
party met with overwhelming defeat in 
other States usually counted in the Re- 
publican column, the Democratic majority 
in Indiana was only normal, being hut a 
little over 7,000. 

In 1894 Mr. Gowdy was again elected 
chairman of the Republican State com- 
mittee, and the success of the party in 
the Indiana election of that year added 




to the reputation he had gained as an as- 
tute politician and organizer of ability. 

In 1896, when the State committee was 
again reorganized, Mr. Gowdy was, for 
the third time, chosen chairman after a 
spirited contest. Tt was in the McKinley 
campaign that the executive ability and 
splendid judgment of Mr. Gowdy was dis- 
played. The party was confronted with 
a new and dangerous issue and disturbed 
by internal dissensions, hut by fairness 
and firmness, great tact and shrewd man 
ipulation, the party, under his leadership. 
achieved one of the greatest victories in 
its entire history in the State. 

As a reward for party services, and in 
recognition of his business and executive 
ability. President McKinley appointed 
Mr. Gowdy Consul-General of the United 
States at Paris. France, where he has won 
for himself the honor and distinction of 
being one of the most efficient and popu- 
lar officials who has ever represented the 
United States Government at the French 
capital. 



IHO HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PART} 

JAMES FRANK HANLY. able at long intervals to attend school for 

The story of J. Frank Hanly's life a few weeks at a time putting in the rest 

reads more like the career of one of the of his time as a common laborer on va- 

early fathers of the Republic than like rious farms in Champaign county. Thus 

that of a young man of the end of the he succeeded in getting not quite a whole 

century. We have occasionally won- year of schooling. In 1879 he started out 

tiered how men attained such greatness alone to Warren county, Indiana, but his 

in the beginnings of the Republic at funds soon gave out and he had to walk 

a very youthful age and have reasoned m " st of the distance. On arriving at 

it out on the ground that the Republic Williamsport he asked for work and 



was small, that it contained few peopl< 



■ured employment sawing wood at seventy 



and that the general average of intelli- liv '' cents P er ,1; iy. When the spring 
gence and ability was lower than those season opened he readily found employ- 
now; hut in Mr. Eanly's case these views ""' llt ,,n t,H ' f;m " and worked through 
cannot hold good. Sprung from as hum- the summer. In winter he secured em- 
ble beginnings as any of them, making ployment teaching common school for six 
his way in the world absolutely alone, months and saved up money enough to 
without the aid of fortuitous circumstance tak( ' ;l course of ten weeks at the Eastern 

by sheer force of native ability, indus- Illinois Normal Scl 1 at Danville. The 

try and strength of purpose, he is a struggle of life had no terrors for him and 

striking, living example of the fact that though he had nothing hut his brains and 

opportunities for greatness are as bound- muscle when he fell in love, in L881, with 

less now as they have ever been in the Miss Eva A. Simmer, of Williamsport, they 

history of our country were married. Sharing his early hopes 

.lames Franklin Hanly was horn April and fears she has proven to him a perfect 

-t. 1863, in a little log cabin near St. helpmate, and their married life has been 

Joseph in Champaign comity. Illinois, one of serene happiness. Mr. Hanly con - 

His father. Elijah Hanly. was a cooper by tinued to teach school in the winter, and 

trade, of Scotch-Irish extraction and a do any honorable work he could find to 

native of Hamilton county. Ohio, whose hand in the summer. Thesummer of 1888 

ancestors had come at an early date from found him digging tile ditches, when at 

Ireland. He had married Anne Eliza the suggestion of Judge Joseph M. U'abb. 

Calton, a native of North Carolina, and of Williamsport. he entered the campaign 

they had finally settled in Illinois. The in a local way speaking in Fountain, Ver- 

child had as rough sledding in obtaining million. Warren and Benton counties, 

an education as could well be imagined. Hi* speeches caused a sensation. There 

He learned his letters and how to spell was a depth of thought and keenness of 

out words at his mother's knee, who be- logic and loftiness of patriotic sentiment 

came blind when the boy was but eleven all clothed in a fervid, persuasive elo- 

yearsofage. When he was but six years qnence that caused the farmers of these 

old his father purchased the history of the counties to simply follow the young school 

Civil War and it was one of the few 1 ks teacher around in crowds to listen to his 

the little cabin boasted. The boy spelled speeches. Those who heard him were his 

it out and learned it by heart and with an to command for anything he might ask. 

imagination that could read between the In April of 1889 he was admitted to the 

lines he found in it the inspiration of bar in Warren county and began the prac- 

patriotism and love of country that have tice of law at Williamsport. The next 

guided his subsequent career. He was spring he was triumphantly nominated for 





t^l^C^i^i 




OP THE ST \TK OF INDIANA. 



101 



the State Senate and elected by a big ma- 
jority. In the sessions of ls'.U and lsOP. 
lie attracted very general attention in the 
Senate. Quiet and unobtrusive, lie had the 
most rigid ideas of what was right and of 
what was good statesmanship, and exhib- 
ited unlimited courage in stating and hold- 
ing fasl to his views. In 1894 there was 
a tremendous contest for the Congressional 
nomination in the ninth district. Among 

the candidates were Will h\ W 1. of 

Lafayette ; W. If. Hart, of Frankfort, 
now Auditor of State, and Joseph B. 
Cheadle who had already represented the 
district two terms. Mr. Hanly was put 
forth by Warren county, and the strug- 
gle in the convention was long and stub- 
born, though entirely friendly. The clean 
reputation and line personal bearing 
of young Hanly won him the honor on 
the ninety-third ballot, and lie made for 
the Republicans such a campaign as the 
ninth district had never known before. 
His eloquence and the quality of his polit- 
ical thought had both improved with age. 
It was the same old story of his early cam 
paign over. Farmers would drive all day 
to reach one of his meetings and more 
than once enthusiasm ran so high that 
they were more like old-fashioned Metho- 
dist revivals than political assemblages. 
He was elected with a majority of over 
5,000 over the Fusion candidate. A. (1. 
Burkhart. and though in Congress but 
two years he left not only upon his 
colleagues there, but upon the legislation 
of the period a distinct impress of his 
strong personality. He was far-seeing 
enough to understand then that the United 
States must have a greal navy and stood 
out stoutly against the leaders of his own 
party in demanding liberal naval appro- 
priations. Upon all questions that came 
up be had positive views, and though he 
was not upon his feet often, when he arose 
be had something to say and said it in a 
way that carried with it force and con- 
viction. He continued the practice of 



law while in Congress a- he bad while in 
the State Senate. His legal education had 
been dug out as had his earlier education. 
by reading such law books as he could 
boiTow during such time as he could snatch 
from the strenuous toil that earned bread 
ami butter for his family. He had the 
training of neither a law school nor law 
office and yet he quickly took a position of 
eminence at the bar in Williamsport. He 
has never known what rest is and his stu- 
dious habits and immense capacity for 
work are still the marvel of those associ- 
ated with him. The legislature of 1895 
gerrymandered him into a new Congres- 
sional district, the tenth, but even thrown 
thus among strangers the name he had 
earned was so great as to come within half 
a vote of giving him the Congressional 
nomination in his new district. It is not 
his nature to retire to his tent and in the 
campaign of l 896 no man did more valiant 
or valuable work for the Republican cause 
throughout the State than Mr. Hank. 
After the (dose of this campaign he re- 
moved to Lafayette where he formed a 
law partnership with his whilom opponent. 
Will R. Wood, and now the law firm of 
Hanly A; Wood is .me of the most success- 
ful in Lafayette. 

In the campaign of L898 Mr. Hanly's 
oratory was again one of the mainstays 
of the Republican party and he spoke in 
every part of the State. Small wonder it 
was that, when the Republicans bad again 
captured the legislature, his name should 
have been frequently beard as a possible 

candidate for the Senate to SUCC 1 Mr. 

Turpie. While his greal abilities were 
very generally recognized, most of the 
leaders oi the party took it for granted 
that he was too young and too new in the 
held of politics to acquire sufficient follow- 
ing to be much of a factor in the struggle. 
What was their surprise then to find when 
the (dans began to gather at Indianapolis. 

a few Weeks before the session began, that 

voting Mr. Hanly was one of the chief 



162 



HISTORY <>K THK KKITHI.K AN I'ARTY 





factors in the race. His canvass contin- 
ued tu gather strength with wonderful 
momentum until it soon settled down into 
a fight of the field against Hanly. The 
newspapers of Indianapolis never made a 
more unfair fight than when they com- 
bined in the effort to defeat him. His 
record was so absolutely clean that they 
could find there no fault, but they brought 
vague charges of a great combination of in- 
terests behind him calculated to frighten 
members from his standard. It is need- 
less to say that these stories of a com- 
bination were entirely groundless. The 
only combinations of interest behind Mr. 
Hanly was the admiration of Repuhli- 
cans all through Indiana for his magnifi- 
cent abilities and splendid public record. 
He entered the Senatorial caucus with al- 
most double the number of votes given to 
any other candidate and steadily held his 
lead and increased it until the last ballot 
when in a general break-up the votes of 
all the opposing candidates were concen- 
trated upon Mr. Beveridge and nominated 
him. Mr. Hanlv's lowest vote was thirty 



and his highest thirty-eight, within very 
few votes of enough to nominate. Phil- 
osophical, not in the least cast down by 
defeat after such an honorable tight, and 
such a splendid display of strength, Mr. 
Hanly returned to Lafayette to the prac- 
tice of law to find that in gaining the 
thorough respect of the people of the State 
by his generous hearing in defeat he had 
made the winning instead of the losing 
fight. 



JUDGE HARRY B. TUTHILL. 

•Judge Harry B. Tuthill. of Michigan 
City, is one of the most prominent Repub- 
licans of Northern Indiana. For the last 
fifteen years he has taken an active part 
in city, county and State politics, whose 
enthusiasm is inspired by a profound be- 
lief in Republican party principles. 

Harry Beakes Tuthill was horn Aug- 
ust 2, 1858, at Dowagiac. Cass county. 
Michigan. His father. Cyrus Tuthill. was 
a farmer. The ancestry of both father 
ami mother i Frances Beakes) came from 
England to America about L6±0; the Tut- 
hill family settled on Long Island and the 
Beakes family in New York. 

Judge Tuthill's early education com- 
menced in the country schools, which he 
attended in winter time, working on the 
farm in summer. Later he taught and 
completed his schooling in the Dowagiac 
High School. He came to Michigan City, 
Indiana, December 15, L879, and opened 
a law office, continuing successfully in 
the practice since that time. In 1896 
he was elected Judge of the Superior 
Court of LaPorte, Porter and Lake coun- 
ties, assuming his seat on the bench Jan- 
uary 1. 1897. 

Judge Tuthill is one of the most popu- 
lar men in Indiana. His friends know 
him as a man whose friendship means 
something. As a conversationalist, man- 
ages to bring out the best in one. His 
record on the bench is a brilliant one. He 
is popular with the bar and his decisions 



OF THE STATE OP INDIANA. 



163 



from tlic bench are uniformly fair and un- 
impeachable. His decisions have been re- 
viewed by the higher courts of Indiana ten 
times since his accession to the bench with 
but <me reversal. 

Unsolicited endorsement, especially 
when it is unknown, is often the most re- 
liable, and along this Line we quote from 
the pen of a corresponded in the ( 'hicago 
Times- Herald of May 15, 1896, in which, 
after giving an account of the nomination 
of Judge Tuthill for his present position. 
he says: 

'■The only office Mr. Tuthill ever held 
is that of Corporation ( lounsel of Michigan 
City, which position he still tills. Mis 
astuteness as a lawyer has been impressed 
upon his constituency during the eighteen 
months of his incumbency, by the fact 
that of eleven cases brought againsl the 
city, most of them involving many thous- 
ands of dollars, he was victorious in all 
except one." 

Judge Tuthill was married in 1S78 to 
Miss Alice Wells, of Dowagiac. They have 
two children, Lotta Grace, aged eighteen, 
and Ralph Wells, aged fourteen. He is 
a member of all Masonic bodies from Blue 
to thirty-second degree. 

Mrs. Tuthill comes from a prominent 
family of Cass county, Michigan. Her 
father has held many positions of trust 
and been honored by the Republican party 
with office and otherwise on several occa- 
sions. Her parents on both sides are of 
English descent, settling in .New York. 
She is a woman of rare culture and refine- 
ment and has been a helpmeet indeed to 
her husband. 




DANIEL V. MILLER. 

Daniel V. Miller, of Terre Haute, 
who has recently become a leading spirit 
in Vigo county politics, is the son of John 
and Martha (Steele) Miller. He was horn 
at the old homestead, on Big Raccoon 
creek, in Parke county, Indiana. June 29, 



LS67. His father died a few years ago. 
His mother now lives at Greencastle, In- 
diana. The Millers are of ( ioriuan descent. 
John M.. the grandfather, was born in 
Franklin county. Virginia, in L801, and 
while yet a youth settled with several of 
his brothers in the southeastern part of 
Parke county. Their descendants now 
comprise a good percentage of the inhab- 
itants of that section. The Steeles came 
to the southern part of Putnam county. 
Indiana, at an early day. from Kentucky. 
The ancestors migrated from North Caro- 
lina, and were of Irish descent. Mr. 
Miller's boyhood was occupied by the usual 
farm work and attending the country 
schools. At the age of sixteen his am- 
bition for a professional life prevailed, and 
he began to work his way through college, 
which was accomplished without assist- 
ance. He taught school six winters in the 
country schools and as principal in the 
graded schools of his native county, and 
later taught higher mathematics in the 
Central Normal, at Danville, Indiana. 
He read law at odd times while occupied 



164 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



with the school work, and then became a 
student in the office of Hogate & Clark. 
of Danville, where he received much of 
his practical training. In 1893 he came 
to Terre Haute and took a place in the law 
office of Lamb & Beasley. He was ap- 
pointed Deputy Prosecutor of Vigo county, 
in 1*94. when he attracted the public 
attention in prosecuting the famous Ben 
Reed trial. He soon resigned this office 
to become the attorney for the Terre Haute 
Trust Company. 

Mr. Miller has been a close student of 
public speakers almost since childhood, 
which, with his natural ability, has given 
him an enviable reputation as an orator. 
At the age of eighteen he won the first 
prize at an oratorical contest at Rockville 
over six contestants, one of whom, within 
a few weeks afterwards, won the first 
prize in the State oratorical contest and 
the second prize in the interstate contest. 
He began bis career as a campaign orator 
in 1888, making thirty speeches in his own 
and adjoining counties. His services have 
been much in demand at each recurring 
campaign. In lsytj he made a thorough 
canvass of the Fifth District in the interest 
of ( 'ongressman Faris. 

At the beginning of the campaign of 
L898, the Republican party of Vigo county 
was divided into two uncompromising 
factions, and it was generally recognized 
by local leaders, as well as by the State 
organization, that there was but little 
chance for success. Mr. Miller was chosen 
county chairman by acclamation, and dis- 
played almost unprecedented energy in 
bringing the warring elements into line, 
and before the end of the year had one of 
the best working organizations in the 
State, electing the State and Congressional 
tickets by safe majorities and more than 
half the county ticket. He paid every 
obligation of the organization, including 
many accounts of long standing, some- 
thing before unknown in Vigo politics. 



Mr. Miller is jolly and good natured. 
popular with all classes, a typical "mixer," 
a lover of all athletic sports. He is a 
member of the Masonic, K. of P. and 
Elks* lodges. Was married on the 24th 
day of May, 1899, to Miss Olive Wiseman, 
daughter of the Hon. Andrew Wiseman, 
a prominent farmer of Vigo county, and 
lias an elegant home in the south part of 
Tciie Haute He is at present County 
Attorney and a member of the law firm 
of Crane, Miller & Miller, composed of 
himself, his younger brother, A. L. Miller, 
and Gr. M. Crane. 



ENOCH G. HOGATE. 

Enoch G. Hogate was born in Cen- 
treton, Salem county, New Jersey, Sep- 
tember 16, 1*49. His father was Jonathan 
and his mother Sarah A. Hogate. the 
former of English and the latter of Irish 
and Hollander stock, and both, while not 
pretentious people, were of that solid, con- 
servative, cultured and progressive class 
of citizens who make for good in the de- 
velopment of a strong, moral and intel- 
lectual sentiment in a community. His 
father was a mechanic of moderate means 
and young Hogate, from twelve to fifteen, 
worked at his father's trade. 

At fifteen, realizing the limited oppor- 
tunities that awaited him in the little New 
Jersey town, he packed all his belongings 
in a small traveling bag and came "West 
to grow up with the country.*'' He settled 
in Danville, Indiana, where his elder 
brother Charles had preceded him several 
years and who died in 1*74 while holding 
the office of Collector of Internal Revenue 
for the Sixth District of Indiana. 

The early training of the lad well fitted 
him for his Western struggle. He was 
ambitious, but wholly without means for 
an education and gladly embraced every 
opportunity that would add to his limited 
knowledge, and. by doing odd jobs about 




G^c^-<^a> \s t %rn>y> aAj<^ 



166 



HISTOKY OP THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 




town, made money enough to carry him 
through tin- Danville Academy. This 
qualified him for teaching, which he fol 
lowed for a few years in the graded 
schools of the county, and, by clerking in 
a store between school years, and the ob- 
servance of the strictest economy, man- 
aged to get together enough money to 
carry him through a classical course in 
Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsyl- 
vania, whence he graduated in IS72 with 
the first honors of a large class. He was 
a member of Phi Gamma Delta Frater- 
nity. 

Returning to Danville, he at once took 
up the study of the law and was admitted 
to the liar in 1872. He was elected and 
served one term as Clerk of the Court. 

In May. LS73, he was married to Mary 
J. Matlock, by whom he had his only chil- 
dren, namely. Jessie ML, Charles D. and 
Mary L. The mother of his children died 
in 1880, and. August 10, 1881, he was 
married to Anna ('. Huston, who still sur- 
vives. 

Mr. Hogate, when he took up the ac- 
tive practice, at once took a prominent 



position at the Danville bar. His thor- 
ough equipment, his industrious habits, 
his ready speech, his well-earned character, 
made the acquisition of business easy and 
from the first he had but little of that em- 
barrassing leisure that perplexes young 
lawyers. His continued success at the 
bar has been marked and profitable. 

He has for many years been a promi- 
nent member ot 1. 0. < >. F. and has made 
many addresses to the Order throughout 
the State, and in L892 was elected Grand 
Master from the floor of the Grand Lodge 
without having previously held any of the 
minor offices, an honor seldom bestowed 
by the ( irand Lodge. 

He was elected State Senator for the 
comities of Hendricks and Putnam in 1896 
and served with conspicuous ability and 
usefulness in the sessions of 1897 and 1899. 
In the latter session he was chairman of 
the Senate finance committee and in both 
sessions was one of the acknowledged 
leaders of the majority. 

He has served as chairman of the 
county Republican committee, often as 
dele-ate to the State and other conven- 
tions, and has taken an active part in 
every political campaign for twenty years 

He is a member of the Columbia Club 
of Indianapolis and for many years has 
been a faithful and an official member of 
the M. E. Church. 

He is conservative and steadfast in his 
convictions, progressive in his ideas, pa- 
triotic in sentiment, liberal to charities, 
robust in health and is one of the most 
valuable, all-around citizens of the State. 

CHARLES ROYAL LANE. 

Charles Royal Lane is a young man 
who has risen to much prominence in the 
politics of the State during the past few 
years. He was horn of Presbyterian par- 
entage on December i\ 1861, at Oxford, 
Ohio. His father. Edward P. Lane. 
owned and operated passenger steamers 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



161 



on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. He in 
turn was the son of Ebenezer Lane, one 
of the founders of the Lane Seminary at 
Cincinnati. Lucinda Tanner Lane, mother 
of Charles, descended from a New York 
family that migrated from the mother 
country in the early Puritan days. Charles 
was given a thorough education, though 
he was left an orphan at an early age. his 
father dying in 1869 and his mother in 
1873. He graduated at Earlhani in 18S4 
and began his lifework as a newspaper 
reporter on the Palladium in Richmond. 
In lssT he was married to Cora M. Had- 
ley, at Richmond, and they have two 
children. In L890 he came to Indianapolis 
and was connected for a number of years 
with the Indianapolis Journal, leaving it 
in 1895 to become private secretary to 
Congressman Charles L. Henry. Return- 
ing from Washington, in L897, he was 
elected secretary of the State Senate and 
made a very competent official in that 
capacity. At the close of the legislative 
session he purchased an interest in the Ft. 
Wayne Gazette, of which he was editor. 
In 189* he served as a member of the Allen 
county executive committee and was ap- 
pointed one of the seven members of the 
State executive committee by chairman 
Hernly. In April. 1899, he was appointed 
Deputy State Supervisor of ( >ils tor the 
Twelfth District, a position be is filling 
with integrity and efficiency. Mi'. Lane is 
a member of the Columbia and Marion 
Clubs of Indianapolis and of the Tippe- 
canoe Club of Ft. Wayne. 

DAVID H. M. FLYNN. 

David 11. M. Fi.ynn. ofLaFayette, has 
achieved no small reputation in Tippe- 
canoe and neighboring counties as a Re- 
publican and a party worker of great effi- 
ciency and is well known by party leaders 
all over the State. For many yearshehas 
been one of the most faithful workers of 
tlie party in his Congressional district and 




AzJ^itt, ?&>. C^f* 



has rendered valuable services as a mem- 
ber of the county committees of Tippe- 
canoe. As a business man. Mr. Flynn's 
acquaintance is even more extended. The 
twenty-seven years of his earlier life which 
he spent as a traveling salesman won him 
a general acquaintance throughout Indi- 
ana as well as in Illinois. Kentucky and 
the West, He is at present secretary of 
the firm, Hamilton Carpet & Furniture 
Company, a corporation, at LaFayette. 

David Henry Martin Flynn owes bis 
success in life to his own efforts, industry 
and patient perseverance. He was born 
at Syracuse. New York. May 25, L846. 
Roth bis parents came of good Irish stock, 
his father. John Flynn. having been born 
in County Cork. Ireland, and bis mother, 
Bridget Martin, in County Mayo. The 
subject of this sketch received bis name 
from his mother's father, David Eenry 
Martin. While be was still young bis 
mother was left a widow withoneson and 
two daughters, and young David struck 
out for himself. His first work was on a 
farm at four dollars per month. Later 
he drove hack between Bradford and Rens- 
selaer. Indiana, afterward- carrying mail 
from Rensselaer to Kankakee. He then 



[6S HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

secured work in the store of L. Falley & Commercial Club. Mr. Flynn is now a 

Suns, at LaFayette, at two dollars per man of fifty-three years, highly respected 

week and continued in various capacities by all who knew him. 

for twenty-seven years with them. Later 

he became a partner in the well known R0BERT STEWAET TAYLOR. 

firm ut Fallev & I- lynn. 

Mr. Flynn's first vote was Republican. RoBEET Stewart Tavi.uk was born 

He has served two terms as chairman of "" ; "' Chillicothe, Ohio, May 22, L838, the 

... ... ... ,. , ,^ son of Isaac N. and Margaretta Stewart 

the Republican city committee of Laiay- 

. , r „. ,. lavlor. Both his parents were of pioneer 

ette, was secretary <it the I ippecanoe Pe- • * ' 

x . families of the Sciota Valley. His father. 

publican county committee tor two terms J 

1 . , Rev. 1. N. lavlor. was one ot the pioneer 

and later served as vice-chairman and as . .„,. ,. 

Presbyterian clergymen or Ohio, a man ot 

chairman of the county committee, all ot •''-,• i i , , , i 

marked success in Ins work In 1^44 he 

which positions he filled with credit. In ^^ fco p ortland j ( ,, untv _ w)lt , re he 

1S90 he was elected Clerk of the Circuit continued ||is labors as minister and school 

Court, and so ably did he fulfill Ins duties tt , ;(( . h( , 1 . ;m(1 wh( , lv h( . founded Liber C ol- 

that. nothwithstanding the one-tern, pre- lege in ls -.._ Brought up in such ., home 

cedent, he was re-elected in 1894. He has ;m(1 un(1( , r SU( . h fcu t e l a ge Judge Taylor, in 

been a delegate to nearly all the Republi- llis childhood, laid the foundations of that 

can city, county, Congressional and State character that he has carried throughlife. 

conventions for many years. Trained for his college course by his father, 

When the Civil War broke out, in IS61, he entered Liber College and graduated 

Mr. Flynn enlisted, although he was at there in June, 1858, and an hour after 

that time but fifteen years of age. and as graduation was married to Mis> Fanny W. 

a result was not mustered in. He served Wright, one of his classmates in college. 

a short time in the three months" service. His ambition hail been the practiceof law. 

however, and later in the three years' ser- and he immediately began the study of 

vice. He has heen twice married. First, his profession in the office of Judge Jacob 

he was married to Miss Clara A. Snyder, M Haynes, at Portland. In LS59 he re 



only daughter of John K. Snyder, of La 
Fayette. Three children remain to him 



moved to Fort Wayne, where he taughl 
•hool for a year, pursuing his legal studies 



,. .,- , , ; . , 'i , -mii ir-4-j.- d urine- such spare time as he could find, 

rnnn this marriage, ( lara Mabel, Kittle ' 

The next vear he entered the office of L. M. 



B. and David 1L. Jr. 11 is second mar- 
riage was in Genessee county. Michigan, 
to Miss Martha Hovey, daughter of George 



Ninde as a student and assistant, and two 

years later was given a partnership. When 

the Criminal Court of Allen county was 
Hovev, one ot .Uiclne-an s earlv pioneers. , „ _. , . ;. 

' ' organized Mr. lavlor was made Prose- 



By this marriage he has one child, Norm; 
Louise. Mr. Flynn is a member of flu 
LaFayette ( Hub, the Lincoln Club and flit 
Marion Club of Indianapolis Besides lib 
business relations with Fallev & Flynn, In 



cuting Attorney, and this partnership was 
dissolved. A year later he was appointed 
Judge of the Court of Common Fleas. At 
the close of llis term as Judge he was 

elected to represent Allen colllltv ill the 

is interested in the Hamilton Carpet & , (|W( , r house of the legislature, and holds 

Furniture Company, and is interested in t]u . u istincti,.n of being the only Repub- 

the Harrison Telephone Company of La- [i ca n ever sent to the legislature from thai 

Fayette and a director of the LaFayette li;1 ,„„.,. Democratic stronghold. In 1872 



OF THE STATE OF IMH \ \ \. 



I 69 



he returned to the practice equipped with 
the triple experience of Lawyer, legislator 
and judge. He came rapidly to the front 
,-iik1 lias steadily continued to grow in rep- 
utation, until now he is known the conn 
try over as one of the eminent lawyers of 
the American liar. In some departments 
of law. notably in respect to the new legal 
questions that have sprung up in connec- 
tion with the multifarious uses to which 
electricity has recently been put, he stands 
at the front. His election as president of 
the Indiana State liar Association for I S99- 
1900, when alisent from the meeting ami 
without expectation of the honor, was a 
high testimonial of the esteem in which he 
is held by the lawyers of his own Stale. 

It has been said of Judge Taylor more 
than once that he is one of the ablest 
statesmen and at the same time one of 

the | rest politicians thai Indiana has 

produced. While the realm of practical 
politics is to him an unknown land, the 
country has produced no deeper thinker 
upon its political and social problems. His 
speeches- familiar to Indiana Republic- 
ans — are quite unlike the ordinary cam- 
paign deliverance. They are studies based 
on original research into history, statistics 
and public documents, which go to the 
bottom of every question discussed with 
argumenl at once clear and entertaining. 

In |ss| Judge Taylor was appointed by 
President Garfield a member of the .Missis 
sippi River Commission, ami in less than 
a year he had so mastered the principles 
of this greal work and demonstrated 
his usefulness in it thai he has been re- 
tained ever since despite political changes 
in the administration at Washington. 
When he was asked to serve upon the 
Monetary Commission, in LS97, he readily 
consented, though at the sacrifice of large 
interests, and gave many months of his 
time to the severe work of the commission. 
Notwithstanding the fact that he had 
never before made a special study of cur- 
rency questions, he was recognized by the 



other members oi I In commission before 
the work was finished as a valuable col- 
league, and since then his mastery of the 
subject has been recognized throughoul 
the country by innumerable requests for 
addresses ami pamphlets. Another prob- 
lem to which he has devoted much time 
and thoughl is the labor question. As the 
result of his investigation of the relations 
of labor and capital he framed the bill thai 
was passed by the legislature of Indiana, 
in 1897, appointing a labor commission 
whose duties for the most part are purely 
conciliatory, but which has judicial powers 
upon the initial consent of the parties to 
the controversy. Since then a prolonged 
labor struggle in Indiana has been prac- 
tically unknown, and those who have care- 
fully observed the operations of the law 
believe that in it has been found the best 

solution Vet presented of the problems of 

strikes, lockouts and boycotts. 

It has been a large part of Judge Tay- 
lor's life to lie a Republican. His first 
work on the stump was in L860, and his 
first vote for President was cast for Abra- 
ham Lincoln. From that time to the 
present he has taken an active part in 
every campaign in Indiana except one. 
dm inn' which he was disabled by illness, 
lie has always made liberal use of the 
press. His speeches have been more widely 
circulated in print than those of any 
other Republican excepl General Harrison. 
Thousands of Republicans throughoul the 
State have been accustomed for years to 
read them regularly at each recurring 
campaign, and through them have come 
to regard him as a friend and acquaint- 
ance, although they never saw him. 

Judge Taylor is still in t be prime of bis 
mature maiili I. His work in the world 

has been greal and beneficent; it has 
always measured up to the responsibilities 
placed upon him by the endowment of in- 
tellectual and moral strength that is bis. 
There is no computing the value of such 
a man and of such a life work. 



LTO 



HISTORY OK THK REPUBLICAN I'ARTY 



MILTON GARRIGUS. 

Few mt'ii have given more of their time, 
energy and money in a long, busy and suc- 
cessful life, to the glory and enduring suc- 
cess of the Republican party, than Milton 
Garrigus, of Kokomo. A lifelong Repub- 
licanand a firm and sincere believer in Re- 
publican principles, he has been one of the 
heaviest contributors to all the Republican 
successes in Indiana since the organization 
of the party. His services on the various 
Republican committees have been valuable 
and efficient, and his ability as an able 
executive officer and party organizer is of 
the first order. As a campaign orator the 
people know him well, and his services 
have always been in great demand by his 
party in the heat of the conflict, and they 
have ever been readily granted. 

The life of Milton Garrigus is marked 
with signal success in whatever he under- 
took, through earnest and patient perse- 
verance and hard work. His early boy- 
hood was spent on the frontier, where the 
simple surroundings, which have spurred 
so many of America's great men on to 
success, gave him ambition. Asa pioneer, 
school teacher, a brave, gallant and efficient 
soldier, as an able representative of his 
constituency in the Indiana Senate, as a 
lawyer, and above all as a Republican 
leader, his patient and persistent efforts 
have won him success and the respect and 
confidence of the people. 

Mi-. Garrigus was born on the frontier 
farm of his father, Timothy L. Garrigus, 
in Center township. Wayne county. In- 
diana. September 27, LS3 1, His father, 
who had been a soldi ei- in the War of 1 si •_'. 
came to Indiana as a pioneer in L816, and 
began to clear a farm from the forests and 
swamps of Wayne county. Besides his 
occupation as a farmer be was a carpenter, 
millwright, and was well known all 
through the region of swamps and woods 
I m -t ween the ( >hio river and the great lakes 
as a minister of the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ. He made the trips 



between the Ohio river and the lakes on 
horseback, through the rivers, swamps and 
forests, and was noted for his zeal and his 
earnest, effective oratory. He was a 
staunch and untiring Abolitionist, and was 
nominated for Representative from Wayne 
county in lSPt. In ls47 the family set- 
tled in Howard county, where he con- 
structed more residences and mills. In 
1852 he was nominated for State Senator 
from Howard county. With bright pros- 
pects in Indiana, having cleared farms in 
Wayne. Howard. Marshall and St. Joseph 
counties, he left all to help the State men 
in Kansas fight against the border ruffians 
in 1856, and died in Omaha, Nebraska, in 
the same year. The mother of Milton 
Garrigus was a highly respected Christian 
woman, a member of the Methodist 
church for 60 years. She was one of the 
brave pioneer women of the early history 
of Indiana, and an excellent rifle shot. 

.Mr. Garrigus received his education in 
the common schools of those pioneer days. 

lie read every 1 k obtainable, mostly by 

light of hickory bark torches, after his day's 
labor was finished. Early in life be began 
to build for himself a practical education. 
He was well read in ancient and modern 
history and thorough in the common 
branches He made many a record in the 
spelling schools of pioneer times, and was 
especially apt in mathematics. He took 
an active part in all institutes and debat- 
ing societies in his vicinity. Mr. Garrigus 
worked steadily on his father's farm until 
he attained his majority, helping to clear 
three farms for his father and one for him- 
self, in the wild forest. He could talk 
Indian dialect, and handle axe, rifle and 
canoe. He stayed alone, keeping "bach- 
elor's hall." nine months. February to 
November, LS47, <>n his father's pre-emp- 
tion claim in the ••Indian Reserve" in what 
is now Howard county, where Mr. Garri- 
gus has since made his home. In the 
early days of Howard county he often was 
elected by the people to superintend the 



17:.' HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

construction of the primitive highways. In 1^7 s he was nominated by the Re- 
tie taught in thecommoD schoolsseventeen publicans for Senator from the countiesof 
terms, studying far into the night to keep Howard and Miami and was elected after 
ahead df his classes, and working out for an exciting campaign, and served at the 
himself a thorough and practical education, regular and special sessions of l s 7:> and 
His services as a teacher were in great I* s i, ],, both sessions Mr. Garrigus 
demand. His executive ability was of the served with greal credit and took apromi- 
liij^hfst order, his schools were always nent part in his party counsels. Heserved 
orderly, notwithstanding the turbulence on many important Senate committees 
which usually exist* d in the country schools and was recognized as one of the foremost 
of that day. and he was popular with pa- Republican members, 
trons and pupils. He was three times ap- Mr. Garrigus was made County Attor- 
pointed School Examiner, in 1S59, I860 ney for Howard county in 1876 and re- 
and L861. In 1859 he was appointed tained that positiou until 1892, when he 
Postmaster at Greentown, removing to was elected County Auditor. In 1891 he 
that town from his farm. All this time was elected President of the Howard 
he was continually reaching out for a County Bar Association and is still its 
higher education, secured a fine library, president. 

and became well read in history, sciences In L 883 he was nominated by President 

and literature. Most of Ins leisure time Arthur as Collector of Internal Revenue 

he studied law, and he was admitted to for the Lawrenceburg district, and was 

the liar at Kokomo in 1859. He was an endorsed by his county and State com- 

ardent temperance advocate, and in 1859 mittees, by every Republican member of 

was appointed Deputy Grand Worthy the legislature, by Governor Porter, Judge 

Chief Templar, to lecture and organize Gresham and many prominent Republi- 

lodgesof G 1 Templars in Northern In- <' ;m * in various parts of the State. He 



received nearly the unanimous endon 

ment of his party and of all the patrons of 
the Kokomo postoffice in L889 for Post- 
master. 

To the Republicans of Indiana the po- 
litical record of Mr. Garrigus is well 

known. When a boy he was a Whig, 
partner oi Col. C J). .Murray, late C oloiiel ir , „ .... „ ., „ ... . , 

1 ■ . He voted for \\ infield Scott in IS52 and 



diana. hut was called from the lecture 
field to the Union Army in 1861 . 

Upon returning from a brilliant mili- 
tary service, which we describe further 
on. he resumed the practice of law at 
Kokomo, and in ls7o he became the law 



»f the Eighty-Ninth Indiana, which part 
nership existed until 1^7:;. Pater he was 
a partner in the law firm of Garrigus & 



forevery candidate of the Republican party 
since. He has been a member of the 
[oward county Republican central com 



[ngels, and in 1876 he entered into a part- mittee s i nC e the organization of the party, 

nership with Hon. James O'Brien, late except while in the army, and served as 



Judge of the Circuit Court and State 



•hairman in 1874, 1875, 1876, ls77. 1880, 



Senator, and the firm continued until 1881. [S8i 1882 1883 1884, 1885 1888 1889 

[n 1875 he became superintendent of the 1 896 and 1897. with a brilliant record. 

schools of Howard county and served in \ s a n a i,i,. executive and effective or- 

that position with great credit to himself ganizer, his ability lias ever been recog- 

nntil 1878. So thorough and competent uized. He attended the Republican Na- 

was he in his work that a teacher who tional conventions at Baltimore in 1872, 

held his license where he was known at Chicago in 1880, 18S4 and I888,anda1 

needed no other recommendation. St. Louis in 1896. He has attended every 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 17:1 

State convention, districl and county con- the staff of Brigadier- General E.G. Mason, 

vention, in his own district and county, of the 2nd Brigade, lili Division, :ii>tli 

since the organization of the party, except Army Corps. During his service he was 

while in the army. He has probahly army correspondent for several leading 

made more speeches, done more work and newspapers. Of his efficiency, General 

contributed more in various ways to the Mason writes : " I have always considered 

success of his party than any other man Captain Garrigus an officer of rare ability. 

in Howard county. He was in early man- 1 have known many officers in the In 

h 1 a teacher of vocal music and for spector's department. He was the most 

several campaigns has been the leader of active, correct and faithful — in short, the 

a Republican glee club, which has been a best inspector I have ever known. There 

great drawing card in campaigns. His was not an officer on my staff I held in 

services as a campaign orator have been higher esteem." 

much in demand by the State committee Capt. Garrigus is prominent in the circles 

and he has spoken in all parts of the State. of many orders, especially in the G. A. R. 

In L 896 he made political speeches in North In 1nsl' he was appointed by the Com 

Dakota. He is an earnest and emphatic mander-in- Chief as Inspector-General for 

speaker, of great force of character, and [ndiana, and served on his staff during his 

never forgets or neglects his friends. term. He is a member of the Military 

In LS'Jl and LS92 he was editor and Order of the Loyal Legion, a Mason of 

proprietor of the Kokomo Weekly Journal, l ong standing, and a prominent member 

which, while he owned anil managed it. f the I. 0. 0. F. He and his family are 

was noted for its aggressiveness and bright act i ve members of the Christian Church 



•riginal features, and was the official R( 



if Kokomo. 



publican organ. h| lS94 he NV;|S . 111]l(imtl ,p ;m ,i ;1 , the 

The military record of Mr. Garrigus is ( , ||(1 o£ ||js t( , rm reappointed by Governor 

a brilliant one. He entered the Union MatthewSi as a me mber of the Indiana 

army in 1801 as a private in the 39th In- 0hickamauga Commission to locate the 

diana, and came out of the army a captain, ., ,. . 

1 proper sites for and to erect monuments 

a staff officer, and with enviable recom- , , ,. , T -,. 

and markers for each Indiana regimeut 

and battery on the battlefields of Chicka- 

mauga, Missionary Ridge and Lookout 

Mountain. 

In 1890 he was nominated by 1,200 ma 



mendations of efficiency. Hetookparl in 
the first skirmish in Kentucky in L861, 4o 
of his regiment brushing against John 
Morgan and SO rebels. He fought in the 

battles at Middleton, Liberty Gap, Perry- 

■n ,,,- , ,,. • ,,-, ', iority in a primary election and afterwai 

vdle. ( hickamauga, Missionary Ridge and 

Nashville. He was discharged for promi 

tion for heroic conduct by order of Gen 



sleeted Auditor of Howard county for 
the four year term ending March I. IS96. 
Thomas, and was commissioned a second '■' |s: " h " was again renominated in pri 
lieutenant, was promoted to first lieu- mary election and elected to succeed him 
tenant, and later became the Adjutant of self for the tour year term ending March 
the I37tb Indiana, and acted as Assistant '• llMMI - receiving more than 2,000 ma 
Adjutant-General of his brigade. InlSCA jority. Mr. Garrigus' administrations 
he recruited Company I. of the I li'nd In have been satisfactory to all his constitu 
diana and was commissioned as its Captain, ents, regardless of politics, and he is one 
In the same year lie was appointed As of the most popular, eflicient and faithful 
sistant Inspector ( ieiieral and assigned to servants I he county has ever had. 



74 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PART? 




Col. Vinson Vandova Williams, a 
prominent citizen and Postmaster of Bed- 
ford, Indiana, was born in Lawrence 
county, Indiana, March 2S, 1*41. His 
parents were David and Ann (McClel- 
land) Williams. His father, David Wil- 
liams, was a native of North Carolina, 
who came to Lawrence county with his 
father. Major Vinson Williams, in 1818, 
who entered Government land near Bed- 
ford. He was a man of great prominence 
in public affairs during the early history 
of the settlement. He represented Law- 
rence county in the State legislature in 
L823, 1828, 1836 and LS 37, and was County 
Commissioner in L843 and 1846. His wife 
was Sarah Carter Williams, who died in 
1847. His death occurred in L865. They 
were the parents of eight children, four 
sons and four daughters. 

David, the father of the subject of this 
sketch, was the second son. He was mar- 
ried at Bedford. Indiana. April 21, 1836, 
to Ann McClelland, whose parents were 
natives of Ireland, who emigrated to this 
country in 1792, locating in Pennsylvania, 



where Ann was born. In 1819 they set- 
tled at nld Palestine, then the county seat 
of Lawrence county, Indiana. 

His father died January 9, L857, and 
his mother died October 19, 1*77. They 
were t he parents of four children, of which 
Vinson, the subject of this sketch, was 
the second child. In early youth he re- 
ceived the advantages of a commonschool 
education and worked on the farm. April 
19, 1861, he enlisted as a soldier in Com- 
pany B. Eighteenth Regiment Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, the first company 
raised in Lawrence comity for the War of 
tin 1 Rebellion, He served three years in 
said company and regiment and was three 
times wounded in the Vicksburg cam- 
paign. In August. 1864, he was honora- 
bly discharged from the service and re- 
turned home and recruited Company B of 
the L4oth Regiment Indiana Infantry, of 
which he was elected Captain. At the or- 
ganization of the regiment he was com- 
missioned Major by Gov. 0. P. Morton, 
and in June. 1865, was promoted to Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, in which capacity he served 
until January 2 1 , lsiiti, when he was 
honorably discharged from theserviceand 
again returned home. Since then he has 
been engaged in various occupations. For 
a few years he resumed his former occu- 
pation of farming. In 1 868 he was elected 
Sheriff of Lawrence county and was re- 
elected in ls7o. Then for a time he was 
engaged in real estate and stone business. 
He was Deputy U. S. Marshal under 
Spooner and Dudley from isTii to 1884. 
At the organization of the City of Bed- 
ford, in L888, Col. Williams was elected 
its first Mayor. He was chairman of the 
Republican county central committee in 
1894 and again in L896. He was an 
alternate delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional convention at St. Louis in I s'.iu. 
He was appointed Postmaster of the City 
of Bedford by President McKinley, Jan- 
uary lo. 1898. Col. Williams is a charter 
member of E. C. Newland Post G. A. R. 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA 



IT.". 



No. 247, and of the Improved Order of 
Red Men Opitska Tribe, No. 135, and of 
Palestine Lodge. No. 137 Knights of Py- 
thias, also Sir Knight Mason and a mem- 
ber of Bedford Commandery, No. 42. He 
is a member of the Stone City Club of 
Bedford and of the Columbia Club of Indi- 
anapolis. He assisted in organizing and 
is one of the directors of the Bedford Na- 
tional Bank. Col. Williams was married 
May 16, 1867, to Mary Owen. They are 
the parents of four children, three of whom 
are now living. Minnie N. (Mrs. Joe L. 
Gloven. Nora A. i Mrs Oscar \V. Hartley i 
and John I). 

Col. Williams is a man of tine personal 
appearance, affable and courteous in man- 
ner, in the full vigor of middle age. He 
is deservedly popular with the masses of 
the people. He takes an abiding interest 
in all matters of local importance and is 
a useful and an influential citizen. He 
has been for years a recognized leader in 
the Republican party, having attended as 
delegate every State convention in thirty 
years. His intelligent work and leader- 
ship has contributed largely to making 
Lawrence county a Gibraltar of Republi- 
canism. 



FRED. E. EOLLOWAY. 

Fkedoxia Ellsworth IIollowav. 
known throughout the confines of Indiana 
as one of the most intelligent and active 
young Republican leaders in the State. 
was born March 23, 1867, on a farm in 
Martin county, Indiana. His father. Rev. 
James B. Holloway. was a native of Ohio. 
His ancestors came from England and 
settled in Virginia before the Revolution. 
One of his paternal ancestors was a Col. 
Gregory, of the British army, who came 
to America with General Braddock and 
served through the French War and Revo- 
lution, finally surrendering with Corn- 
wallis. Among his ancestors was Henry 
Cornish, Lord High Sheriff of London, 
whose daughter came to America with the 




t 



colonists of William Penn and settled in 
Delaware. Rev. James B. IIollowav mar- 
ried Eleanor A. Jackman, also a native 
of Ohio, of Scotch- Irish descent. 

The subject of this sketch attended the 

common schools at his home and later was 
sent to Ft. Worth University. Ilestudied 
law in 1884 and part of 1S85, but aban- 
doned it to return to school. In 18S6 and 
1887 he was employed as reporter on. first, 
the Fori Worth Gazette and later the 
Dallas Xnrs. In June. ISSS, he went to 
California and entered the University of 
Southern California in the autumn. Ee 
completed his junior year in 18S9, but 
having no money was compelled to aban- 
don his college career, and. in connection 
with some other gentlemen, established 
the Pacific Monthly, a literary journal, 
which struggled until the summer of 1890, 
when they sold the magazine. In Febru- 
ary of 1891, .Mr. Holloway went to Chicago 
and engaged in real estate business with 
fair success. In December of that year 
he married Adelaide Ruth Compton, of 



JOHN H. BAKER. 



176 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

Elizabeth, Indiana, and located in Evaus- firm acting as local attorneys for the Big 

ville. Shortly afterward he became rem- Four system and a number of large cor- 

nected with the editorial staff of the porations. 

Evansville Journal, a position that gave In February, 1898, at the annual meet- 
hira a few hours of leisure. Theseheturned ing of the Indiana State League of lie- 
to good account by resuming and con- publican Clubs at LaFayette, Mr. Hoi 
tinning his law studies, borrowing hooks loway was elected State President by 
from the friendly law firm of Mattison, acclamation, [n this position he set about 
Posey & Clark. his work very energetically and gave the 

Mr. Ilolloway has always been an ar- party the most efficient club organization 
dent Republican and took an active inter- it has ever had in the State, 
est in every campaign, no matter where 
he was located. His first appearance in 
State politics was in November of 189-A 
when he was elected a member of the When Hon. John H Baker was ap- 
legislature. His ability in debate, his pointed Judge of the United States Dis 
sound common sense and a few hursts of trict Court of Indiana there was brought 
genuine eloquence on the floor of the to the Federal bench an ideal jurist. That 
House sufficed to attract to him very gen- .Judge Baker is thoroughly versed in law 
eral attention. Shortly after the ad journ- and precedent, and a man of the widest 
incut of the legislative session he was ex- reading and broadest culture goes without 
amined and admitted to the bar and met saying, hut above and beyond that he has 
with success from the start In the cam- the loftiest conceptions of the duties of a 
paign of 1896, at the request of the chair- court. < >ne might as well dream of over- 
man of the State committee, Mr. Holloway turning the whole structure of modern 
made a speaking tour of the State and his society as of perverting justice in his 
meetings met with such success that court or of questioning either the intelli- 
toward the end of the campaign he was gence or the integrity with which it is 
honored with some appointments that there administered. Before going to the 
might well he envied by the best orators bench Judge Baker had already done a 
in Indiana. He spoke at the Harrison good day's work in this world as attorney 
meetings at Knightstown on Friday before statesman and active man of affairs. 
the election and on Saturday afternoon fol- He was born in Monroe county. X. V.. 
lowing he spoke at Marion in connection hut while still an infant his parents re- 
with Congressman S. E. Payne, of New moved to Northern Ohio, then on the front- 
York, and General Harrison. ier. As he grew to manh 1 he helped 

He was made chairman of the Con- his father on the farm, attended the com 

gressional convention of the Hist district mon schools and taught a district school 

which renominated James A. Hemenway later himself, and. by saving what money 

for Congress in 1896. He was a delegate he could, he was able, at the age of 

to the State convention in IS96 and made twenty-one. to take a course of two years 

the speech placing Frank P.. Posey in in the Ohio Wesleyan University, at Dela- 

nomination for the Governorship. In No- ware. He pursued thestudyof law after 

vember of that year he formed a law part- graduation witli a diligence and thorough- 

nership with Hon. John W. Lovett. of ness that mastered the subject completely, 

Anderson, and removed to that city the and after passing a satisfactory examina- 

following January, where he has since en- tion before the Supreme Court of Michi- 

joyed a very substantial law practice, the gan, was admitted to practice. He then 




■' 



^~ 



OP THE STATE OK INDIANA. |77 

looked about him and located at Goshen, close of his third term lie declined a re- 

Ind., where most of his life lias been nomination and returned to the practice 

spent, In the troublous period of the of law. Ee quickly picked up again the 

fifties he look an active interest in the practice that had necessarily been dropped 

slavery question and cast his fortunes un- upon his entrance into Congress, and it 

hesitatingly with the Republican party. was but a tew years until his fame as a 

In 1862 he was nominated and elected a lawyer was even greater than that as a 

member of the State Senate. statesman. 

Like every other attorney he held a When President Garfield was inaugur- 

notary public's commission and the Demo- ated he urged Mr. Baker to accept the post 

cratic majority in the Senate, by a very of Second Assistant Postmaster- General, 

careful straining of the point, declared that an office for winch he was peculiarly fitted 

a notary public holds a lucrative office, and by his experience while in Congress, hav- 

under the constitution expelled him from ing been active in the work of investigai 

the Senate on this account. He practiced ing the Star Route contracts. He clung. 

law with such ability and success that he however, to his determination to devote 

soon became known as one of the most his energies to the law. and upon every 

prominent lawyers of Northern Indiana. In occasion when political honors were ten- 

IsTl' he was a candidate for the Congres- dered him — and they were many — he gave 

sional nomination in the thirteenth dis- the same reply thai he would never again 

trict, and after a long contest in the con- consider an office that was not strictly in 

vention was defeated by a combination of the line of his profession. When Judge 

the other three candidates. Two years Wood was promoted to the United States 

later he was nominated for Congress and Circuit Bench, in 1892, General Harrison 

elected after the hardest kind of a fight, looked the whole State of Indiana over. 

saving the district by a very narrow mar- and. with a thorough knowledge of all the 

gin from the Democratic tidal wave that leading lawyers of the State, tendered the 

swept the State in 1874. In L 87 6 he was position to Judge Baker without solicita- 

renominated by acclamation and elected tion, either on his own part or that of his 

by a majority of over 2,000, and again in friends. The office was accepted and 

1S7S he was renominated by acclamation Judge Baker took charge of his new du- 

and elected by a still greater majority, ties March 29, L892. 

His record in Congress was one of the No man on the bench in Indiana has 

best that has ever been made by an Indi- ever been more thoroughly respected than 

ana member, and when he retired he was he. He has those old scl 1 notions of 

the ranking Republican member on the judicial integrity and ethics that inspired 

appropriations committee and was prom i the highest respect for his opinions and 

nent in the work of several other commit- rulings. Judge Baker has been active and 

tees. His rugged notions of integrity and prominent in the work of the Methodist 

right, and his positive personality and Church and has served as delegate to the 

strength made its impress, not only General Conference. He was married 

upon his colleagues in Congress, but upon young in life to Harriet E. DeFrees, datigh- 

the legislation of the period. He had ter of J. D DeFrees, of Elkhart, and 

earned the universal esteem of the \ pie they have one son. Judge Prances p. Ba 

of Indiana and might have remained in ker. now on the Supreme bench of the 

Congress as long as be cared to. but at the State. 



178 



HISTOHV <>K THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



C. P. SMITH. 

Charles Fim.ky Smith, one of the 
most prominent manufacturers of Indiana, 
is. like many other successful American 
husiness men, risen from the position of a 
plain fanner boy to a point in life where 
he directs large affairs and controls the 
destinies of hundreds of men. Mr. Smith 
was born October 25, 1852. on a farm in 
Garrard county. Kentucky. His father 
was Harold Finley Smith and his mother 
Catherine Brown Smith. Both sides of 
the house came of sturdy English stock, 
and Mr. Smith numbers among his near 
ancestors Governor Henry Smith, of Texas, 
lie was educated at Danville. Kentucky, 
and lived on his father's farm, doing the 
hard work that falls to the lot of a farmer's 
son until he was twenty years of age. 
Then he removed to ( iovington, Kentucky, 
and started a retail store for the sale of 
furnishing goods. In 1875 he removed to 
Columbus, Indiana, where he conducted 
the same kind of husiness. Three years 
later he was married at Columbus to Mrs. 
Lessie Erwin Ford. In 1884 he removed 
to Indianapolis, engaging in the retail of 
bicycles. Mr. Smith was far-seeing enough 
to understand the great possibilities in the 
bicycles, and when the old high wheel gave 
up to the safety he understood that the wheel 
was soon to he a convenience for thousands 
ami thousands of people, and that its use 
would lie much more common than that of 
the horse and buggy had ever been. With 
this notion he determined to engage in the 
manufacture of wheels and started out 
bravely in 1888. He had a few thousand 
dollars, but this he willingly risked. He 
knew no capitalists who had faith in the 
enterprise, but persuaded two or three per- 
sonal friends to invest a small amount with 
him. He accumulated for them large 
fortunes. The factory was started, and 
the work done was so thorough and the 
sales were pushed with such ability and 
energy that by the time the great boom in 
the bicycle business came, in 1895, the 



Indiana Bicycle Company was already one 
of the four or five prominent concerns of 
the kind in the country. Be was equipped 
to take advantage of the great rush of 
business that came in 1895 and 1896. In 
1895 Mr. Smith organized the Albany 
Manufacturing Company, with a plant at 
Albany, which is now the largest producer 
of bicycle tubing in the country ; and fur- 
ther in the same line he took a controlling 
interest in and became president of the 
Auburn Bolt and Nut Works, at Auburn. 
Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Smith has been all his life a Repub- 
lican from principle. He has never sought 
a nomination for office, though one year 
he made an independent campaign for 
Mayor of Indianapolis. This he did for 
the purpose of exposing a clique of bankers 
and corporations that were in control of 
municipal affairs, and he made an excellent 
fight for principle without hope of election 
or other reward. In his political ideas he 
is as strong, as positive and as energetic 
as he is in his business affairs, and is pos- 
sessed of that quality of moral courage 
that shrinks from no danger or criticism 
in making a conscientious tight for the 
right. 

FRANCIS E. LAMBERT. 

Fraxcis E. Lambert, of South Bend. 
is one of the most substantial Republicans 
of Northern Indiana, and an attorney of 
rare ability. He has climbed the ladder 
slowly from a farmer's boy to one of the 
most prominent citizens of his district. 

Francis Eddy Lambert was born on a 
farm near his present residence, South 
Bend. June 4, I860. His father, Oliver 
0. Lambert, who was both cooper and 
farmer in occupation, was a native of 
Virginia, and his mother. Ellen Lambert, 
a native of Indiana. His early ancestors 
came from England and Germany. 

After the death of Oliver C. Lambert, 
he was forced, at the age of twelve years. 
toearn his own living. Nothing daunted. 



ISO 



HlSToKY (IK THK liKl'UBLK'AX PARTY 



he worked on the farm during the summer 
months and attended school ;is much as 
possible in the winter time. For two years 
alter 1>74 he worked on the farm at a 
salary of *4o per year, with the privilege 
of attending district school for four months 
each year. When seventeen years of 
age he commenced teaching in the country 
schools, and during the vacation attended 
tlie Northern Indiana Normal School, at 
Valparaiso. For nine years thereafter, 
until Ism;, he continued to teach in the 
public schools, where his efficient services 
as an instructor were ever in demand. 
In L886 he became principal of the Busi- 
ness Department of the South Bend Com- 
mercial College, continuing' in charge of 
the college until L892, whenhe commenced 
the practice of law at South Bend. He 
has now an excellent and remunerative 
practice. 

Mr. Lambert has ever been a consistent 
Republican and a zealous party worker. 
He served on the Republican county com 
mittees of St. Joseph county in 1888 and 
1892 with great credit. In 189+Mr. Lam- 
bert was unanimously nominated by the 
Republican party of St. Joseph county tor 
member of the lower house of the Indi- 
ana legislature, and was triumphantly 
elected. So clearly did he demonstrate 
his sterling worth in the General Assembly 
and so satisfactory was his course to all 
his constituents that he was again nomi- 
nated in 1896 and elected, running far 
ahead of his ticket. While in the legisla- 
ture Mr. Lambert was an aggressive 
champion of the rights of the common 
people, and a staunch defender of labor. 
He served on a number of important com- 
mittees and was one of the leading con- 
servative members of the House. 

Mr. Lambert is a member of the re- 
publican Sound .Money Club of South 
Bend, and of the orders, South Bend Lodge 
No. 29, 1. 0. 0. F.. South Bend Encamp- 
ment, No. 9, 1. 0. 0. F.. and South Bend 



Council. No. :'>47. Royal Arcanum. He is 
Grand Chaplain of the Grand Council 
Royal Arcanum of Indiana. 

Mr. Lambert was married August 19, 
1891, at South Bend, to Miss Mary E. 
Mooniaw. of one of the prominent families 
of Northern Indiana. They have one 
daughter. Mildred E. Lambert. 



DANIEL PRATT BALDWIN. 

The subject of this sketch is a native 
of Madison county. New York, where he 
was horn March 27, ls.",7. His parents, 
Hiram and Harriet (Pratt) Baldwin, were 
descendants of early settlers of New Eng- 
land. Like so many men of mark his 
early years were passed in farm life. His 
education was obtained in the public 
schools, in Cazenovia Academy, and in 
Madison University, where he graduated 
in 1856, and at the Columbia Law School, 
where in I860 he graduated, the first honor 
man of the first class of lawyers sent out 
by that distinguished educator. Professor 
T. W. Dwight. 

Mr. Baldwin was a close and diligenl 
student and went to the bottom of every 
subjecl he examined. A glossary of the 
terms and phrases used in Blackstone's 
( 'oninieiitaries. now among his manuscripts 
and prepared by him when a student, shows 
his thorough and exact methods of study. 
He relates that he was so close a student 
that though within a few squares of 
Cooper's Institute, on the, evening when 
Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous 
speech in that place, he chose rather to stay 
with his hooks than to hear what was 
afterwards known as one of the greatest 
forensic efforts of modern times. 

In the summer of I860 Mr. Baldwin. 
fresh from his law course at Columbia and 
in the vigor of his young manhood, became 
a resident of Logansport, Indiana, where 
he has ever since resided. He became a 
partner with his uncle. Daniel l>. Pratt, 



OF THE STATE <IF INDIANA. 1st 

and for ten years afterwards the firm of nomination for Judge of the Supreme 
Pratt & Baldwin maintained a widely ex- Court, but after a spirited face was de- 
tended law practice throughout the State feated. Thereupon he addressed the con 
of Indiana. In this work Mr. Baldwin vention, pledging his support to his si 
did his full share, and became recognized ful rival and pledging himself to work tol- 
as oneof the leading' advocates and closest the general welfare of the party in the 
lawyers in the State. campaign, or, as he expresses it, "to uncork 

In 1870 Mr. Baldwin was appointed to himself for Garfield and Glory." By this 

till a vacancy in the office of the Court of speech he so electrified the convention that 

Common Pleas, and the succeeding year it at once nominated him by acclamation 

was elected to the same office by the people, as candidate for Attorney-General, to 

and by the rule popularly prevailing, ••once which office, with the rest of the ticket, he 

a judge always a judge," lie has been was elected ami in which he served with 

Judge Baldwin to his neighbors ever since, distinction. 

Always a student himself, Mr Baldwin As the companion of Gov. Porter, in 
kept in close touch with the literature of this gallant race in L88U and the excellent 
his day. and became known among men administration which followed. Judge 
of letters as a man of mark. In LST2 Baldwin is entitled to a place in the Ids- 
Madison University gave him the degree tory of the Republican party in Indiana 
of LL. D., and later Wabash College did and he has much hard work to his credit 
the same. on the pages of that history. 

Judge Baldwin has been a prolific Soon alter coming to Indiana, in 1863, 

writer of excellent English, hut has writ- he married Miss India Smith, a gracious 

ten mostly in the form of lectures and and gentle lady, who presided over his 

newspaper editorials in the spare moments home and made it an attracted resort for 

of his hurried business life or in the in- old and young until May 1st. l s '.'s. when 

tervals of his travels He was for many she was summoned to the home above, 

years proprietor of the Logansport Jour- where their two children had preceded 

ikiI. the leading daily newspaper of Lo- her. 

gansport, and as a contributor to it and to The Tuesday Night Club of Logans 
the Indianapolis Journal, he has written port, a literary organization of twelve 
many columns in the last thirty-five years years' standing, has annually named Judge 
which have always attracted attention and Baldwin as its president and he and his 
thoughtful perusal. His lecture, "A Law- esteemed wife were among its best fea- 
yer's Readings in the Evidence of Chris- tures. Among the young men of Logans- 
tianity" (1S75), was widely read, and port, the •" Baldwin Club. " organized for 
showed marks of much research and study literary and scientific research, has placed 
in lineof thought somewhat apart from his his name at its masthead and holds its 
profession. The Judge is the owner of a meetings in his library. For many years 
large and very valuable library of well the Baldwin prize for oratory, given by- 
selected hooks, where much of Ids time is him, has been the coveted honor al Wabash 
spent. College and at the same college he has 

In every campaign, from 1860 to 1892, been lor many years a valued member of 

he made Republican speeches throughout the hoard of trustees. 

Indiana and other States and always at- Judge Baldwin's industry and ability 

traded attention. In 18S0 Judge Bald- have brought him an abundanl compe- 

win was a candidate before the Republican tence and have made him able to retire 

State convention of Indiana for the from the more arduous practice of his 



182 



HISTORY <>K THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 




profession and to spend much time in study 
and travel and to encourage others in their 
efforts for the advancement of literature 
and higher education. In businesshe has 
extensive interests in lands and tenements 
and in banking-, in which latter business 
he is represented in a number of the' cities 
and towns of Indiana. 

Judge Baldwin is a writer in the broad 
field of literature of recognized ability and 
force of character and we hope that he has 
many years of usefulness before him 



NEWTo.X W. GILBERT. 

During the past four or five years no 
man has come to the front in Indiana pol- 
itics with more rapid strides than Senator 
Newton \V. Gilbert. Five years ago he 
was practically unknown outside of bis 
own county, and now be is one of the 
most generally talked-of possibilities as a 
successor to the Governorship. This suc- 
cess of Senator Gilbert may be studied 
by the average young man with immense 



profit. It has been won by no trick of 
tongue or stratagem of politics, but by a 
demonstration of the fact that honor and 
truth and principles are the guiding motives 
of his life, that be has the ability to do 
things and the courage to do them right. 

Newton Whiting Gilbert was born May 
2i, 1862, in the little, sleepy old village 
of Worthington, north of Columbus. ( >hio. 
Worthington was a village while Colum- 
bus was still a wilderness, and Worthing- 
ton is to-day very much the same village 
that it was then. There lived Theodore 
!>'. Gilbert, a country merchant, whose 
family had been pioneer settlers of Ohio, 
coming originally from Pennsylvania, and 
having in their veins a strain of English. 
Irish and German blood. There he mar- 
ried Ellen L. Johnson, a granddaughter 
of that Joseph E. Johnson, who served 
two terms as Governor of Virginia. The 
boy was sent to the common schools and 
then to the Ohio State University at Col- 
umbus, where be maintained an excellent 
record. During bis early school days he 
resided on the farm owned by his father 
and knew what hard work was. Before 
attending college he learned the printer's 
trade, worked as a book agent and taught 
school in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, in 
order to obtain the means to pursue bis 
studies. He used all the spare time he 
could for study of law. and kept steadily 
before bis mind the one ambition of bis 
life, to be a great lawyer. In 1886 \ w 
was appointed County Surveyor of Steu- 
ben county, Ind.. where he had settled as 
a school teacher. Two years later he was 
married to Delia R. Gale, daughter of 
Hon. Jesse M. Gale, a pioneer lawyer of 
Northern Indiana. He was twice elected 
County Surveyor by large majorities, and 
in 1890 began the practice of law. 

In his profession be has worked hard 
and met with considerable success. In 
1^:»4 he was nominated for Prosecuting 
Attorney of the thirty-fifth Judicial Cir- 
cuit, and in this heavily Democratic cir- 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



Is:; 



cuit he was defeated, though he ran sev- 
eral hundred votes ahead of his ticket. 
In 1S96 he was nominated and elected 
State Senator for the Steuben-LaGrange 
district, and it was his work in the Senate 
that made him a State reputation. 

Quiet, conservative, intelligent and 
courageous he soon earned the thorough 
respect of his colleagues and attracted the 
attention of the people of the State. His 
speeches were generally brief and matter- 
of-fact, hut very much to the point. 

The military instinct has always been 
strong in Mr. Gilbert and some years ago 
lie was elected captain of Company H, a 
local militia company at Angola. When 
the war with Spain broke out his regi- 
ment was the first to be mustered into 
service, and he went to the front as cap- 
tain of Company H in the 157th Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry. While the regiment 
saw no actual fighting. Captain Gilbert 
earned the highest commendation as an 
intelligent and efficient commanding offi- 
cer. Returning to his home, in Angola, 
at the close of the war, lie resumed the 
practice of law, and again attended the 
State Senate where he won further laurels. 



I). W. HENRY. 

The days of the rise from homespun 
to broadcloth, from obscurity to great- 
ness are by no means past, as is evidenced 
by a considerable number of the biographi- 
cal sketches of young party leaders in this 
volume. Among the most active and 
widely influential of these younger leaders 
of the party of Indiana is Judge David 
W. Henry, of Terre Haute, and certainly 
few men have had humbler beginnings or 
more discouraging struggles at the thresh- 
old of life than Mr. Henry. 

David William Henry was born at 
Achor, Columbiana county. Ohio. His 
father, Jacob Henry, was a man in mod- 
erate circumstances. His mother, Alvira 




Rowles Henry, was a daughter of William 
Howies, a soldier of the War of LS12. 
The young people migrated from Ohio to 
Greene county. Indiana. but they had no 
sooner located than the War of the Rebel- 
lion broke out and .Jacob Henry en- 
listed as a soldier in the S5th Indiana Vol- 
unteers. The hoy attended the common 
schools for a few weeks in winter and 
worked on the farm the rest of the time. 
but he was an omniverous reader, reading 
every book he could borrow from friends 
and neighbors. He succeeded in saving 
a little money and attended a seminarj at 
Farniersburg. Ind.. where, by living alone 
in a room and doing his own cooking, he 
was able to maintain himself at a total 
expense of less than $2.00 a week. The 
only clothing he had was that made by 
his mother. After a course at this sem- 
inary be was able to teach a district 
school, and succeeded in taking a scieii 
title course at Mt. Union College, Ohio. 



184 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



He then entered the law office of M. Gr. 
Buff, of Terre Haute, where he remained 
about a year, but was obliged, partly on 
account of ill health and partly for lack 
of financial resources, t<> again take up 
the teaching of school. After three years 
as principal of the Farmersburg Academy 
and the school at Bloointield. Ind.. he 
entered the Central Law School at Indian- 
apolis, and graduated in L881. He imnie 
diately entered the law office of Davis & 
Davis, at Terre Haute, and the problem 
of living was solved. A fair measure of 
success attended his efforts from the start. 
In l^st he was elected Prosecuting Attor- 
ney and re-elected in 1886, heading the 
ticket. He was popular socially, as well 
as in politics, and in 1885 was married to 
Miss Virginia Thompson, daughter of R. 
W. Thompson. Ex-Secretary of the Navy. 
In 1888 he retired from office and gave 
his entire attention to the practice of law. 
and soon had one of the greatest practices 
in Terre Haute, including the legal work 
of the Big Four system. He continued 
to he very active in politics and served as 
chairman of the county committee for 
two terms, displaying remarkably fine 
executive ability in conducting his cam 
paigns. In 189-1 he was nominated for 
Circuit Judge and triumphantly elected, 
lie tried over 12,000 cases while on the 
bench, and his decisions were so sound 
that very few of them were appealed and 
only one was ever modified by a court of 
higher resort. Cases were tried strictly 
on their merits, and no judge on the bench 
in Vigo county ever established a firmer 
reputation for judicial fairness and integ- 
rity. November 1. ls'.'T. he was appointed 
Collector of Internal Revenue for the sev- 
enth district, and the vast business of this 
office has been administered under his care 
with the strictest integrity and the greatest 
efficiency. 



QUINCY ALDEN MYERS. 

< hie of the strongest Republicans of 
Indiana, a generous and untiring party 
worker, is Quincy Alden Myers, of Logans 
port. He is especially well known in Cass 
and adjoining counties, where, for the last 
twenty years, he lias stood at the head of 
the local Republican leaders. Although 
never an office seeker, he takes an active 
part in every political canvass, contribut- 
ing liberally to the work of the campaigns 
by excellent speeches, as well as efforts in 
other lines of political work, without hope 
or desire of political reward. 

Mr. Myers was horn on a farm in Cass 
county, September 1, 1853, and comes of 
a family whose ancestors were driven from 
Holland in the early days of American 
colonial history on account of their relig- 
ious beliefs. They were Huguenots and 
came to America, settling in Marylandand 
Virginia in the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century. Several of these old 
pioneers distinguished themselves in the 
early conflicts and later three of them, 
brothers, were under the direct command 
of General Washington throughout the 
entire Revolutionary War. The grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch. John 
Myers, was a Virginian by birth, and was 
one ot the early pioneers of Cass county. 
Isaac X. Myers, father of Quincy A. 
Myers, is still a respected and influential 
citizen of Cass county, who. with his 
father, carved out of the vast forests a 
large and valuable farm. 

On his mother's side, Mr. Myers also 
conies of good stock. His mother's maiden 
name was Rosanna Justice, whose family 
was. and is still, prominent. ( >f his mother 
Mr. Myers speaks very tenderly and with 
a sincerity which pays a worthy tribute 
to an unselfish and beloved woman, who. 
forgetting herself, devoted her life to the 
task of rearing a family and performing 








c^ 



Y 



yf^y^^^ 



*^t£^7^- 



s. 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



L85 



the household duties of a large pioneer 
farm, in a manner which endeared her to 
all her acquaintances. 

Young Myers spent his early life on the 
farm, going to school as much as possible 
the year round. At the age of fourteen 
he entered the Logansport Presbyterial 
Academy, one of his teachers being Prof. 
John M. Coulter, since become widely 
known. In L8?0 he prepared to enter 
Princeton, but when the time for depar- 
ture came, his mother became so affected 
at the prospect of having him go so far 
from home, thai he changed his plans and 
entered the Northwestern Christian I'ni- 
versify at Indianapolis, now Butler Col- 
lege. In 1872 he went to Michigan Uni- 
versity, passed his examinations to enter 
the sophomore class, but was soon taken 
seriously ill and for a year lie remained at 
home sick, keeping up with his college 
work with the assistance of a tutor. In 
the fall of lsT.'S, being still ill. he deter- 
mined upon a change of climate and en- 
tered Dartmouth College, from which in- 
stitution he graduated high in his class in 
1 s 7 ."- . Mr. Myers distinguished himself 
as a practical student. He was the editor 
of the college paper, the Dartmouth, for 
two years and was a member of one of 
Dartmouth's best 'Varsity crews. 

After leaving Dartmouth, he returned 
to Logansport, in 1875, and at once began 
the study of law with 1 >. C. Justice, then 
City Attorney. Mr. Myers was made his 
deputy and served with credit for fourteen 
months, after which he entered the Union 
Law School at Albany, New York. lie 
graduated from that institution in 1*77 
as class valedictorian, at the head of 
a class of eighty-nine, with the degree of 
bachelor of law. Returning at once to 
Logansport, he entered into a partnership 
with Judge Maurice Wmfield, with whom 
he continued in the practice of law until 



1882, when he formed a partnership with 
Hon. John C. Nelson, upon i he retirement 
of Judge Nelson from the bench of the 
Superior Court, and this partnership still 
continues. From the beginning he lias 
been prominently connected with the ('ass 
county bar. Although be has always had 
a large practice and has ever been engaged 
in all sorts of heated litigation, Mr. Myers 
lias a knack of treating his opponents and 
the adverse witnesses so fairly that in the 
end he wins them for friends and usually 
for clients. His tireless industry has 
brought him prosperity. He has not a 
single bad habit nor a living enemy. 

Mr. Myers was married in 1886 to Miss 
Jessie D. Cornelius, daughter of Edward 
C. Cornelius, of Indianapolis. He has two 
children, Melissa .J., aged eleven, and Marie 
R., aged eight. He is a member of the 
Columbia Club of Indianapolis and also a 
member of the B. P.O. of Elks. In re- 
ligion he is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal ( Ihurch. 

()nl\ twice was Mr. Myers ever a can 
didate for any official position of note. 
He served one term as City Attorney, one 
term as County Attorney and is one of the 
trustees of the city schools. Quincy A. 
Myers was born a Republican and his 
family on both sides of the house were 
steadfast in that faith from the date of the 
inception of Republican principles. No 
more loyal people to the Hag during the 
War of the Rebellion could lie found and a 
number of their sons died in the service. 

As a speaker he is a great success. He 
wins b*y his candor, sincerity and force. 
In the prime of life, with a beautiful 
home and an excellent reputation, Mr. 
Myers is one of the foundation stones of 
the Republican party of Indiana, and no 
better man than he could be found lor the 
bed rock of permanent party supremacy to 
rest upon. 



186 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



WILLIAM T. WILSON. 

Although only forty-five years of age, 
Mr. Wilson really began his life over 
eighty years ago, when his father. Thomas 
H. Wilson, came into this world upon the 
shores and among the Quakers of East 
Maryland. He emigrated to Indiana in 
the early thirties, first landing in Wayne 
county and thence journeying to Logans- 
port, where for over forty years he was 
a leading merchant and acquired wealth, 
and. what is of far more value than wealth. 
a good name, dying about twenty years 
ago. 

William T. Wilson, his eldest son. was 
horn in Logansport, January 4. 1 s r, 4 . His 
mother's maiden name was Dexter. She 
was a Herkimer county. New York, girl, 
and became acquainted with her future 
husband while on a visit to Logansport in 
the family of the late Judge Stuart. Mr. 
Wilson is a graduate of Princeton College, 
class of 1*74, and shows many traces of 
the handiwork of that grand old Scotch- 
man. 1'resident James McC'osh. He was 
one of the honor men of his class. Im- 
mediately after his graduation he began 
the study of law in the office of ex-Senator 
Pratt, who had just finished his term at 
Washington. Soon afterwards Mr. Pratt 
was appointed Commissioner of Internal 
Revenue, and left his large property for 
the next two years almost wholly in the 
bands of young Wilson, who was hardly 
twenty-two yearsold. So great confidence 
had Mr. Pratt in him that on his death, in 
ls77. he appointed him his sole executor, 
a position that he still holds. 

About the time of Senator Pratt's 
death Mr. T. H. Wilson died, and so an- 
other large estate was placed in the hands 
of his son. Mr. Wilson's friends have 
always regretted that he was not horn to 
poverty, and especially that when so young 
he should have been placed in charge of 
two Large estates, for he has mental traits 
that fit him for a lawyer of the very high- 
est rank. He has a subtle, clear, quick 



brain, and easily grasps the details of com- 
plicated litigations. He has the advantage 
of being very combative, and had only the 
necessity of daily bread forced him into 
court he would have made a very distin- 
guished success. 

Mr. Wilson is a thorough-going Repub- 
lican. He has not a drop of Democratic 
blood in his veins, nor did bis father before 
him. He is an excellent public speaker. 
So great have been his services to bis 
party that he has several times been called 
upon to preside over its county and once 
over its district Congressional convention. 
Almost invariably at any assembly of 
the Republicans, in Logansport. a cry of 
••Wilson. Wilson" is heard from all over 
the house, and when Wilson appears upon 
the platform business begins and keeps on 
with great unanimity until the Democratic 
hide, in whole or in part, is hung up on 
the fence. 

( »nly once in his life has Mr. Wilson held 
office. For two years he was a Common 
Councilman of Logansport, and at the end 
of his term the city's debt had been re- 
duced $100,000. 

Mr. Wilson is an honest, upright man. 
He is one of the pillars of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and carries bis religion 
into his business. He could early have 
been in Congress but for his modesty 
and for his interesting family, to which he 
is very devoted. He is one of the men 
who gives his party honor and makes it 
known and respected both at home and 
abroad. 

W. R. McKEEN. 

The best type of American manhood is 
not that which seeks fame and glory by 
some sudden stroke of fortune or some 
unpremeditated deed of daring, but that 
which goes ahead with unflagging energy, 
with unceasing thought and with tireless 
industry to the gradual accomplishment 
of o-reat things, to the final control of 
great affairs in the ordinary held of every- 



188 HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

day life, whore the average man fights for with never ;i loss of ;i penny to depositors 
bread, and cheese, and kisses. The career and a constantly extending credit. Their 
of Eon. W. R. McKeen, of Terre Haute, operations were conducted with great 
is that <>f a man who has steadily fought judgment and skill, and theirwork proved 
and won his way from humble beginnings very profitable. In 1876 the banking 
to large wealth, to the direction of vast house of McKeen & Co. was established 
enter] irises ; a man who has been helpful and still enjoys the reputation of being 
toothers; a man who has shaped the des- one of the most substantial institutions 
tinies of hundreds of his fellowmen and of the State. In the early days banking 
has done it with a kindly spirit and a hu- and railroad building were kindred busi- 
man sympathy that have meant more to ness. In L867 Mr. McKeen became presi- 
the recipients than any contribution of dent of the Terre Eaute & Indianapolis 
money or appointment of place he has Railroad, and developed it from a little 
conferred. short line to a greal railroad system. ex- 
William Riley McKeen was born in tending from Indianapolis to St. Louis 
Vigo county, Ind.. October 12, 1829, the and from Terre Haute to Lake Michigan, 
son of Benjamin and Leathy Paddock in all about 650 miles of thoroughly 
McKeen. His father was a sturdy farmer equipped railway. He continued at the 
of Pennsylvania, ancestry, hut had mi- head of the system until he sold his hold- 
grated to Kentucky when it was a frontier ings to the Pennsylvania Company in 
State. The hoy attended such district 1896 During the thirty years that he 
schools as were to he found in the neigh- controlled it he never had a strike among 
borhood for a few months during the win- any of the thousands of employes of the 
ter, hut spent most of his time on his system. When grievances were presented 
father's farm. He was extremely ambi- to him he listened with patience and acted 
tious tor an education and saved up money with justice. No man ever worked on the 
to go through Asbury University, hut Vandalia who did not regard the "old 
after one term his health broke down and man" as one of the best men living. Mr. 
he returned to the farm. At the age of McKeen was Largely identified in the con- 
seventeen he obtained a position as deputy struction of the Indianapolis Belt Rail- 
in the office of circuit Court Clerk of Vigo road and Stock Yards, and was president 
comity. His next position was that of of the company until 1888 when the press 

confidential clerk and 1 kkeeper of the of other duties caused his resignation. 

branch of the State Rank of Indiana. Mr. McKeen has been thrice married 
located at Terre Haute. Here he came and has been blessed with eight children 
under the eye of experienced financiers, Mr. Frank McKeen. manager of the hank 
and Ins work was of such a character as of McKeen A. Co. : Crawford, teller and 
to attract attention. When but twenty- cashier of the same hank: Benjamin, 
three years old he was made cashier of superintendent of the Terre Haute & 
the hank. It was a great step for a hoy Peoria Railroad ; William R., engineer, in 
of his age. hut he was not satisfied to re- the services of the Union Pacific Rail- 
main in the position of an employe of road; Mrs. Sarah J. Howling, of Terre 

others. Before many years he fori I the Haute; Mrs. Valentine Shuler, of Minne- 

banking firm of McKeen & Tousey. Later apolis : Mrs. Borace Pugh, of Terre Haute. 

Mr. Demas Deming was a partner in the and Miss Edith McKeen. 
hank. Still later the firm was McKeen Mr. McKeen has used his wealth as 

& Minshall. During these varied part- wisely and as generously as he used his 

nerships the bank progressed prosperously energy and ability in accumulating. He 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



L89 



is tlic life and soul to numerous charities 
in Terre Haute, and no worthy cause has 
ever appealed to him in vain. 

Mr. McKeen has always been an ardent 
Republican, and to no other man in the 
State does the Republican organization of 
Indiana owe more. His purse has always 
been wide open to it. and his energies have 
always been at its command in a decisive 
campaign, and while thus giving so much 
to the party he has never sought at its 
hands an office of honor or emolument. 
In 1896 some of his friends put forward 
his name as a possibility for the Senator- 
ship, but Mr. McKeen paid little or no at- 
tention to the matter. When, in 1898, the 
same friends were able to demonstrate to 
him that he could have the election of 
Senator for the asking, he positively de- 
clined to permit the use of his name in 
any fashion. He preferred to round out 
his life as he had made it. as a developer 
of civilization, a man whose energies have 
been devoted to making '"two blades of 
grass grow where hut one grew before." 

A. M. HIGGLNS. 

Among the young Republicans of the 
State none is more active or influential 
than Advil] M. Higgins. For some years 
he has been the moving spirit in the Indi 
ana Republican League and lias con 
tributed very largely toward making it 
the great and forceful organization that 
it is. He was born November 19, I860, 
at Superior City, Wis. His father. Rev. 
William Rayburn Higgins. was a Presby- 
terian clergyman of Scotch-Irish descent, 
and was the only divine in the wilderness 
at the head of Lake Superior for several 
years. His mother, Mary Elizabeth Con- 
don Higgins. was born in New York City 
on land that is now included in Central 
Park, which was then leased by her father. 
While Alvin was still a child the family 
came to Marion. Indiana, and the boy was 
educated in the common schools of that 



city. Bowling Given. I id at ( fberlin 

College. He manag onomy 

and working at whal do to 

gel through with his law studies and was 
admitted to the bar at Terre Hail 
l sss . During the first yeai oi his law 
practice he made eight}' -five dollars, but 
patience and industry have brought him 
success and he now earns from his profes- 
sion a very comfortable income. He is 
recognized as one of the best of the younger 
lawyers of the State and has been a mem- 
ber of the committee on examination of 
lawyers since 1891. In Ism; he was ap- 
pointed trustee of the Terre Haute Car- 
riage and Buggy Company, a position he 
still holds, and when the Citizens" Tele- 
phone Company was organized he was 
selected as its secretary. 

In L897 he was appointed by Judge 
Baker the Tinted States Commissioner, 
and this is the only office of a political na- 
ture he has ever held, though he has been 
very active in political affairs. He was 
never a candidate but once. In the con- 
vention of IS9S his name was presented 
for the nomination for Clerk of the Su- 
preme Court, and such strength did he 
carry with it that he was second in the 
bal lotting among a field of strong candi- 
dates. He has served frequently and Well 
on political committees and has been a 
delegate to all the State conventions since 
lssv His greatest activity has been in 
the State Leagueof Republican ( Hubs. He 
became the county organizer in this league 
in l^'.cj and was made a district organizer 
in IS94 and 1895. In L896, and again in 
is:*:, he was unanimously elected president 

of the league, but declined a re election ill 

1 S98. Inthe National convention of Repub 
lican clubs, in 1^:17. at Detroit, his friends 
-prang his name for the presidency of the 
National League and after a canvass of a 
few hours brought to him 300 out of 1,500 
votes cast for this office. He was made a 
member of the National judicial commit 
tee and is still a member of the executive 



190 



HISTORY OP THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



committee of the State League. On April 
12, L899, he was married to Miss Margaret 
Beatrice Keating, daughter of Edward W. 
Keating, of Terre Haute 

Mr. Higgins lias ahout him a personal 
affability and magnetism and a kindly 
good nature that makes him hosts of 
friends wherever he goes, and certainly 
there is no man in Indiana to whom the 
future holds out a brighter promise. 



H<)X. JESSE OVERSTREET. 

Those who have watched the career of 
Hon. .Jesse Overstreet are predicting for 
him a future of very high distinction — nay 
he has already attained a niche in the his- 
tory of the country that most men would 
be proud to hold at the end of their careers. 
Mr. Overstreet was born December 14. 
is.".!), at Franklin, Johnson county. Indi- 
ana, the son of Gabriel M. and Sarah L. 
Overstreet. His ancestors were of En- 
glish stock and migrated from Virginia to 
Kentucky in 1798. In 1834 his grand- 
father, Samuel Overstreet. moved from 
Kentucky to Johnson county. Indiana, 
where he purchased a tract of land near 
Franklin and with the aid of his sons 
carved out for himself a home in the wil- 
derness. Gabriel < >verstreet secured, by 
his own exertions, a college education and 
entered the practice of law and in Frank- 
lin the firm of Overstreet & Hunter 
was for more than forty years one of the 
hest known law firms in that section of 
the State. His wife was Miss Sarah L. 
Morgan, a daughter of Rev. Lewis Mor- 
gan, a Baptist minister of prominence, 
having been for many j r ears a leader in 
the church. Jesse ( >verstreet was edu- 
cated in the common schools, graduating 
from the Franklin high school in 1*77. 
The next year he entered Franklin Col- 
lege, where he graduated in lss;j with 
the degree of A. B. The college has since 
conferred upon him the degree of A. M. 
Upon graduation he entered the office of 



his father, where he took a thorough 
course of study and was admitted to the 
bar in April, 1886. In 1890 he was made 
chief (Jerk for United States Marshall W. 
U Dunlap, hut at the death of Mr. Hun- 
ter, in August, 1891, he resigned this po- 
sition to enter in the partnership with his 
father, where he continued to practice 
until he took his seat in Congress in 1895. 
In the practice of law he was unusually 
successful, and his success was due to a 
(dear and logical mind, coupled with un- 
tiring industry and conscientious labor in 
the preparation of cases. He early took 
an active interest in political matters, and 
while his ideals w< re high he believed that 
it was proper to serve a political appren- 
ticeship in order that he might understand 
practical politics as well as the higher 
duties of statesmanship. He acted as sec- 
retary of the Johnson county committee, 
in 1886, and participated actively in local, 
district and State conventions. In 1892 
lie was elected a member of the State com- 
mittee from the fifth district. This in- 
volved a duty as chairman of the fifth 
Congressional district committee, and while 
his work and counsel in the State com- 
mittee were always valuable, his methods 
of organization in the fifth district were 
such as to attract very general attention. 
There was nothing brilliant ahout his 
scheme, hut he went upon the theory that 
"genius is simply an indefinite capacity for 
labor." and the great feature of his organ- 
ization was its systematic thoroughness. 
His work attracted such very general at- 
tention that in the spring of 1894 he was 
nominated for Congress, and made one of 
the most thorough campaigns the district 
had ever known, resulting in his election 
by a handsome majority, though the dis- 
trict was strongly Democratic. The next 
winter the State legislature took his 
county out of the district and put it in a 
separate district with Marion county, and 
when it came time to nominate a Con- 
gressman Mr. Ovei'street was practically 





(ucresUy£kM7 



192 



HISTORY OP THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



unknown in Marion county, where nine- 
tenths of the voters of his new district 
resided. In truth at the time the Con- 
gressional convention was held hut few 
people believed that the district could be 
carried by the Republicans, and hence 
there was little opposition to his nomina- 
tion. Before the campaign was over, 
however. Marion county and Indianapo- 
lis knew him thoroughly. His speeches 
had been popular, eloquent, and above all 
substantial. He was re-elected and at the 
end of his second term had a very sharp 
contest for his renomination. His oppo- 
nent was Joseph B. Kealing, one of the 
most popular young Republicans of In- 
dianapolis, and his friends organized a 
very powerful effort to nominate him. 
Overstreet had by this time, however, 
earned recognition as one of the best men 
in Congress, and the business men of In- 
dianapolis rallied round him as they had 
never done before with any candidate and 
achieved his renomination and re-election. 
It would require a volume to properly 
detail the extent and value of his work as 
a member of Congress. The Congress of 
the United States contains many of the 
biggest and broadest minds of the country, 
but young as Mr. Overstreet is, both in 
years and in term of service, he is very gen- 
erally recognized as one of the few dozen 
leaders who very largely shape the legisla- 
tion of the country. He is on the floor 
but little and acquires hut very few antag- 
onisms, yet he puts behind every measure 
in which he is interested a force of com- 
mon sense and personal influence that has 
brought him a large measure of success in 
everything he has undertaken. He suc- 
ceeded in getting for Indianapolis a new 
public building, something her representa- 
tives in ('ongress have been failing in for 
more than a decade. He was selected in ls9t> 
a member of the Congressional campaign 
committee, which serves as a National com- 
mittee, looking after the election of Re- 
publican Congressmen. So efficient was 



his work in this that the office of secretary 
was forced upon him. over his protest, in 
1898 His most important work in Con- 
gress has been in the interest of monetary 
legislation. He realized during the cam- 
paign of 1896 the necessity for the estab- 
lishment of the gold standard in law and 
has since worked untiringly, intelligently 
and successfully to that end. 

Mr. Overstreet was married June 7. 
ls<cs, to Miss Katharyne Crump, of Co- 
lumbus, lnd.. and they reside in a very 
pretty and comfortable home in Indianap- 
olis. ' 

Mr. Overstreet's success is a striking 
illustration of the power of character in 
American politics. Industry and native 
ability and the power of understanding 
men have contributed not a little to bis 
success, but above everything else the 
strength of the general support and recog- 
nition given him arises from the confidence 
that all men have in his courage and hon- 
esty of purpose. He has never stooped to 
demagogy or to deception of any kind in 
his political campaigns oi in his Congres 
sional work. He is slow to make up his 
mind, but once he is thoroughly deter- 
mined which is the right side of the ques- 
tion his conviction is positive and un- 
changeable. While his ideals are high 
and his methods are clean, he has never 
despised the practical and sets a high value 
upon organization, whether in the man- 
agement of a political campaign or in the 
accomplishment of a great purpose in Con- 
gress. 



ALBERT R. BEAKDSLEY. 
One of the best known Republicans of 

Northern Indiana is Albert R. Beardsley. 
of Elkhart. Mr. Beardsley is a self-made 
man He was born in Montgomery county, 
Ohio, November 7. Is47. His father. 
Elijah Hubbell Beardsley. was a wagon 
maker by trade. His ancestors on his 
father's side came from Wales and on 
Ins mother's side from Holland. The 



d^* 




.-"■■" ■ -■ . 



w. 



,y 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA 



193 



grandfather and the great grandfather 
were soldiers in the Revolution. He was 
educated in the common schools, Until 
1863 he worked on a farm. 

From 1864 to 1870 he was a clerk 
in a dry goods store and between the 
years l s 7o and 1876 he operated a dry 
goods store of his own. From L878 to 
1890 he was the manager of the Muzzy 
Starch Company. 

Since L890 he has been manager of 
the Dr. Miles Medical Company, in which 
company he is a stockholder and a direc- 
tor. He is also a stockholder and director 
in the National Starch Company of New 
York. 

Mr. Beardsley was married in IsTl' to 
Elizabeth F. Baldwin. 

In 1872 Mr. Beardsley was elected City 
Clerk of Elkhart and served his term with 
credit. In 1876 he was elected City Treas- 
urer. From 1892 to 1896 he was a mem- 
ber of the City Council. He was a mem- 
ber of the House in the Sixty-First (xeneral 
Assembly of Indiana and is well remem- 
bered as one of the most conservative and 
able members of that body and took a 
prominent part in the fight for the county 
reform bill, which was successfully passed. 
He has for some time been prominent in 
the municipal affairs of the city of Elk- 
hart and is a prosperous manufacturer. 
His record as a party worker is an ex- 
cellent one. He has taken an active 
part in every campaign since 1S68. He 
was a member of the Elkhart county 
Republican committee in L896 and 1897 
and was a delegate to the Republican 
State conventions of 1896 and isi*v In 
1897 he was appointed a Colonel upon 
the staff of Governor Mount. He is one 
of Elkhart's leading and progressive citi- 
zens and is a stalwart Republican, active 
and unostentatious. 



CASSIUS C. SHIRLEY. 

Cassu's C. Shirley, though -rill a very 
young man. has been known for some 
years now as one of the strongest and 
ablest lawyers of Northern Indiana. While 
he has been active and very influential in 
politics, he has kept his eye steadily upon 
the goal of high success as a la wye]-. lb- 
was horn November :_'s. b.in, at Russia- 
ville, in Howard comity. His father was 
Dr. D. J. Shirley, descendant of one of 
the early families of Virginia, who re- 
moved to Kentucky in the eighteenth cen- 
tury and thence to Indiana in L834. His 
mother's family was of Massachusetts 
and Pennsylvania stock. Dr. Shirley 
sent his son to the academy at New 
London and to college at Greencastle, 
and later through the law department 
of the University of Michigan. His effort 
to obtain an education was varied, with 
one term as teacher of the district school 
when he was seventeen years old. In IS^l 
he was admitted to the bar and began the 
practice of law at Kokomo. The follow- 
ing year he was elected Prosecuting Attor- 
ney of Howard county and served two 
years. In l s *4 he was made City Attor- 
ney of Kokomo, a position to which he has 
been re-elected ever since. Hi L886 be 
was married to Miss Blanche Khun, of 
Kokomo, and they have one daughter. 
Mr. Shirley's whole time and his splendid 
abilities have been devoted to the practice 
of law. and he has built up a reputation 
and practice that extends far in the hol- 
ders of the State. He has 1 n an active 

Republican since his earliest years and his 
counsel has been sought by the State or- 
ganization in every campaign during the 
last decade. He served as member of 
the State committee from LS90 to L896 
and in its councils invariably displayed 
a conservatism and wisdom that earned 
for him the admiration and respect of his 
associates. 



194 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 




, i^(^^u^^U<XJp^ 



The life of State Senator William W. 
Lambert is the history of a young man 
who by innate ability, strict integrity and 
patient industry lias won his way from the 
position of a hardworking farmer hoy to 
his present high standing as a lawyer and 
a prominent Republican member of the 
Indiana Senate. Leaving the farm of his 
father while yet a young hoy. with fixed 
purposes and a high ambition, he worked 
his way through college, struggled along 
as a young lawyer and finally achieved the 
success for which he had spent years of 
careful and patient effort. 

William Weldon Lambert was horn 
November 1, 1857, on a farm near Colum- 
bus, Indiana, his present residence. Both 
his father, Henry W. Lambert, a re- 
spected farmer of Bartholomew county, 
and his mother, Emeline Lambert, came to 
Bartholomew county in the forties. His 
father came with Henry Lambert, Sr., 
grandfather of W. W. Lambert, from 
Pennsylvania in 1842. His mother came 



with herfather, Henry Coblentz, from ( >hio 
in 1848. Young Lambert worked, hard on 

his father's farm during the summer 
months and attended country school in the 
winter, making the most of his opportun- 
ities, until he reached the age of fifteen 
years, when he entered Hartsville College. 
Realizing what an important thing an 
education was, Mr. Lambert was a hard 
working student and stood in the forefront 
of his classes as a result. After two years 
of college work. Mr. Lambert began teach- 
ing school as a side issue and as a means 
of support, and was graduated from col- 
lege at the age of twenty-one. Having 
read law during his entire college course, 
and while he was teaching school. Mr. 
Lambert was admitted to the bar in 187S 
and was graduated from college in 1879. 
He began the practice of law in 1880 and 
is now a prominent and successful practi- 
tioner. 

Mr. Lambert was elected to the Senate 
of Indiana from Bartholomew and Decatur 
counties in 1 sits, carrying the Democratic 
county of Bartholomew by 300 majority, 
running far ahead of his ticket, a testimo- 
nial of the respect ami confidence placed 
in him by the people of his native county, 
regardless of politics. In the Senate he 
made an enviable record as an able and 
conservative representative of the people. 

As a campaign orator, Mr. Lambert 
has always been popular. His first ex- 
perience in this line was in the campaign 
of lssn, having the previous year first 
began the active practice of law. He spoke 
in nearly every part of the county in that 
year and was everywhere sought after as 
a representative of his party on the stump. 
Since that year he has taken an active 
part in every speaking campaign, and his 
services have continually grown in demand 
by the Republican committees and by the 
people of his party in the campaigns. 

Mr. Lambert was a candidate for the 
Republican nomination to Congress from 
the fourth district of Indiana in 1896, 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



I 9; 



before the convention at North Vernon, 
which nominated Hon. Marcus K. Sulzer, 
and received very earnest and creditable 
support. He was a member of the Re- 
publican State committee from 1894 to 
L896. Mr. Lambert is a rising man with 
the reputation of an aide, efficient and 
careful attorney in whom is found an 
abundance of sound political timber. 



WARREN BIGLER. 

Wakrex Bigleb, of Wabash, member 
of the Republican State central committee 
for the eleventh district, is a ••self-made" 
man. but not in the offensive sense of that 
much abused term. What he has was 
accumulated by unremitting toil, vigorous 
self-deuial and the exercise of wits 
sharpened by stern necessity and constant 
contact with bright and active minds. 
Of fine accomplishments and a manner 
peculiarly attractive, his numerous ac- 
quaintances among men of position and 
influence, were readily formed, and the 
close friendships which grew out of these 
brought golden opportunities of which he 
quickly and successfully availed himself. 

Twenty odd years ago, when he came 
to Wabash. Mr. Bigler was without a 
dollar and without occupation. His un- 
exceptionable habits, his pluck and his 
pleasing address straightway won their 
way to public confidence, and upon open 
ing a modest law and abstract office. 
offers of assistance and support were not 
lacking and within a few years he was well 
grounded in the business community and 
the foundation of his present competence 
laid. 

The savings from his slender income of 
those earlier years were carefully invested. 
He became identified with a half dozen 
building and loan associations in an official 
capacity, and his tastes were thus diverted 
to real estate investments, which generally 
proved profitable. He all this time was a 
conspicuous figure in local politics, and 




Of 



aA/UM. 



IC 



became a member of the Republican 

county central committee in L880, and 
serving continuously thereon as a member 
and as secretary and chairman until two 
years ago, when he relinquished the chair- 
manship to become the chairman of the 
eleventh district committee. He has never 
sought nor field an elective office, aside 
from that of Trustee of the Wabash pub- 
lic schools, which place he has held for the 
past fifteen years, being now president of 
the hoard. During all his residence in 
Wabash he has been associated with 
every movement for the advancement 
of the interests of the city and comity. 
He is now a director of the Plain l><ttl< r 
company and also president of that corpo- 
ration; is a director of the Wabash Na- 
tional Bank, and is one of the organizers 
of the company to build an electric railway 
line from Wabash to fCokomo. 

Politically he is regarded as one of the 
cleverest campaigners in Indiana, and he- 
cause of his prowess as a political managei 



i:m; 



BISTOKY OF THE BEPUBIJCAN PARTY 



lie is biennially chosen to represent the 
Republicans of the county in the party 
(•'inventions. He has been selected as a 
delegate to the Congressional conventions 

six times in sixteen years — 1882, 1884. 
L888, L892, 1894 and 1896, and to the 
State conventions six times in thirteen 
years — L886, 1890, L892, 1894, 1896 and 
1898. 

Mr. Bigler is yet a young man. having 
been horn in Shelly county. Indiana. Sep- 
tember 24, L851. His father was Lewis 
Bigler, and his mother Malissa Bigler. the 
latter surviving and making her home 
with her son. 

Mr. Bigler received only a common 
school education, and in his young man- 
hood taught a district school, but there is 
no college-bred man in Indiana who has 
cultivated to a higher degree a taste for 
the best in literature, art and music on 
which, locally, he is considered an au- 
thority. 

His truly is an exemplification of the 
hackneyed motto that "keeping everlast- 
ingly at it brings success." and his career 
is one which certainly serves as an inspi- 
ration to every ambitious lad who will 
study it. 

■M>HX 0. CHANEY. 

The Indiana colony at Washington con- 
tains many distinguished men. but there 
is none among them of whom the Indi- 
anian feels prouder than of Hon. John 
Crawford Chaney. Mr. Chaney has a 
reputation as an able lawyer, a man of 
affairs as wide as the country, and. with 
his magnificent ability as a writer and 
logician, he has contributed handsomely 
to tin' success of the Republican party, 
not only in Indiana, but in many other 
States. He was horn February 1. Is;,.",, 
on his maternal grandfather's farm, in 
Columbiana county. Ohio, the son of 
■James and Nancy Chancy. His father is 
of Scotch descent, tinctured with French. 



and was an architect by profession who 
later retired to the peaceful occupation of 
farming. While the subject of this sketch 
was still a child the family migrated to 
Ft. Wayne and there he hail the benefit of 
the public schools. At the age of eighteen 
his father gave him his time, and, by his 
unaided efforts, he succeeded in getting 
through Ascension Seminary, at Sullivan, 
and was finally graduated at the Cincin- 
nati College. He had worked his way by 
teaching through both the seminary and 
college, and had developed such an aptitude 
for it that upon graduation he was given 
charge of the graded school at Farmers- 
burg. The next year he had charge of 
the high school and superintended the 
public schools at Worthington. His ex- 
perience convinced him that his energies 
and abilities entitled him to a broader 
field than that of the schoolmaster, and 
while engaged in his school work he took 
up the study of law and has practiced ever 
since 1883. In 1880 he was chosen organ- 
izer and chairman of the Repuhlican com- 
mittee of Sullivan county. Theretofore. 
such few Republicans as were scattered 
through Sullivan county had been rather 
ashamed to own to their politics and such 
a thing as having a county organization 
was new to them. Young Chaney went 
in with fearless courage and his vigorous 
work gave Sullivan county the first com- 
plete organization it had ever had. His 
energetic and courageous work attracted 
general attention and in l^-"4 he was made 
a member of the State committee. His 
work in the law had been no less energetic 
and successful than that in politics, and 
shortly after General Harrison's inaugura- 
tion he was appointed assistant to the At- 
torney-General of the United States. Here 
he was charged with the defense of suits 
against the Government and tried and won 
a greater number of cases for the Govern- 
nieiit than any assistant theretofore or 
since. At the close of four years he re- 
signed and returned to the practice of law 





«%v 




o 




m.. .j. 




^^^^^^EBBiH^i- -— ~- B ; 








^jkj^ 







L9S 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



at Sullivan, hid., but so great has been 
the demand for his professional services 
before the departments and United States 
courts at Washington that he has been 
compelled to maintain an office in the 
capital and devote his time between there 
and Sullivan. He has engaged in every 
campaign since that of 1880 as an orator, 
and his services have always been at the 
command of the State committee. He 
is one of the few orators that always 
command large audiences throughout In- 
diana and his ability as a persuasive vote 
getter is unsurpassed. Of recent years 
he has also campaigned successfully in 
Ohio. Illinois. Maryland and other States. 
Mr. Chaney was married December 26, 
1876, to Miss Ella Saucerman and two 
children add charm to their delightful 
home in Sullivan. Naturally, a man of 
such broad culture is much sought so- 
cially, and Mr. Chaney is a member of the 
Masons. Odd Fellows and various social 
clubs and societies. 



ROSCOE 0. HAWKINS. 

Hun. Roscoe < ). Hawkins has Keen for 
a number of years one of the most efficient 
leaders of the Republican party in Indiana. 
For years he has been looked to as one of 
the men who make platforms and whose 
advice is eagerly sought in the conduct of 
campaigns. 

Mr. Hawkins was horn on February 
21, 1848, at Chagrin Falls. Ohio, the son 
of Gaylord B. and Eunice E. Hawkins. 
His father was a minister in the Methodist 
church, a man whose English ancestors 
had settled in Vermont in the early years 
of the Republic. His mother was of Con- 
necticut stock. The young man was edu- 
cated at Warren. Ohio, where he studied 
law and was admitted to the bar, and dur- 
ing these years of study his path was full 
of difficulties. His father went into the 
army as a chaplain and died therein 1862. 
Thereafter the hoy was compelled to shift 



for himself and worked at any honorable 
employment he could find while still pur- 
suing his studies. In the spring of 1870, 
when twenty-two years of age. he located 
in Indianapolis and began the practice of 
law. By unwearying industry he slowly 
brought success and has for a number of 
years enjoyed a fame as a lawyer known 
throughout the State. No member of the 
bar in Indiana is better versed in the law 
or endowed with a more logical mind. 
He has a way of reducing a case right 
down to fundamental principles that car- 
ries his argument with the presentation of 
his propositions. 

From the beginning of his life Mr. 
Hawkins has been a steadfast and uncom- 
promising Republican and has devoted an 
immense amount of time to work for the 
party, not so much by oratorical effort as 
in the work of organization and thought 
in shaping party policies. In 1^74 he was 
secretary of the Republican county com- 
mittee and did the same work for the State 
committee in 1 S 7C That same year he 
was chairman of the executive committee 
of the county committee. In 1880 he was 
chairman of the county committee when 
Marion county was the storm-center of 
one of the most memorable campaigns in 
the history of the State. His work was 
done so thoroughly and so well that it 
gave him a wide reputation as an astute 
political manager. From that time on he 
served in every campaign as a member of 
the county executive committee and in 
1896 served as member of the State exec- 
utive committee. He was elected City At- 
torney in 1876 and administered the office 
with distinguished ability for three years, 
and though he has devoted an enormous 
amount of time and energy to the Repub- 
lican party during his career this is the 
only office of emolument he has ever held. 
At the earnest solicitation of his party he 
accepted the nomination for joint Senator 
fie mi Marion, Hancock and Shelby coun- 
ties in 1896 and was elected in spite of a 




c% L/yy&Aj7ct^i 



200 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



very heavy Democratic plurality in the 
district and in this office he has served the 
State ably and well. In L880 he was a 
delegate to the National Republican con- 
vention. The high esteem in which he is 
held as a citizen of Indianapolis is evi- 
denced by the fact that for the past eight 
years he has served as a member of the 
board of governors of the Indianapolis 
Board of Trade. He is a member of the 
Columbia and Marion clubs and served as 
president of the Columbia Club for one 
term. He is a thirty-third degree Scottish 
Rite Mason, a Knight Templar and a mem- 
ber of the Loyal Legion by inheritance. 
Mr. Hawkins was married February 19, 
1873, at Cleveland. Ohio, to Miss Martha 
L. Harmon and they have two children. 
Mrs. Hawkins holds a place in the social 
life of Indianapolis as eminent as does her 
husband in his profession and in political 
circles. 



FRANKLIN \V. HAYS. 

No man has contributed more thought 
and intelligence and practical energy to- 
ward making the Columbia Club a politi- 
cal and social institution, whose influence 
is felt not only in every county of the 
State, but far beyond its borders, than Dr. 
Franklin W. Hays. But it is not in this 
alone that Dr. Hays has attained distinc- 
tion. A man of such force of character 
and such fervid activity is bound to suc- 
ceed and succeed quickly in whatever he 
undertakes, and Dr. Hays' first and main 
purpose in life has been success in his pro- 
fession, and it is doubtful if any physician 
in the history of the State has ever at- 
tained such eminence in the practice in so 
short a period as he. 

Franklin W. Hays was born in El Do- 
rado, Ohio, April 2. L858, the son of 
James 0. and Sarah J. Clevenger Hays. 
In his early boyhood his parents removed 
to Columbus. Ind., where his father lived 
and prospered as a merchant. His ances- 
try was of the pioneers of Georgia and 



Southern Tennessee, men of prominence 
in the affairs of their State, both civil and 
military. His mother was of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry and number among them 
many men of distinction. One of them, 
Shubael Clevenger. was a sculptor whose 
fame was known on both sides of the 
ocean. The boy went through the com 
nion schools and high school at Columbus, 
after which he entered the University of 
Kentucky, at Lexington, taking the classi- 
cal course. Before graduation he had 
determined upon medicine as a profession 
and as soon as his college course was com- 
pleted he began reading medicine in the 
office of Dr. drove, at Columbus. Later 
he read with Drs. Howard and Martin, at 
Greenfield, and then came to Indianapolis 
where he was under the instruction of 
Drs. P. H. and Henry Jameson. He then 
entered the Medical College of Indiana, 
and graduated with honors in 1880. His 
industry and ability attracted attention in 
the college and while still an undergradu- 
ate he was elected assistant to the chair of 
Chemistry and Toxicology. After receiv- 
ing his diploma he was continued as as- 
sistant to the chair of Chemistry and 
Librarian and Registrar of the college. 
In lssM he was appointed lecturer on Der- 
matology and Venereal Diseases and was 
made superintendent of the Free Dispen- 
sary. In the meantime he had taken a 
postgraduate course in the medical de- 
partment of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania and had spent much time in the 
great hospitals of New York and Phila- 
delphia. He very soon gained recognition 
in the profession and was influential in 
the organization ot the Indiana Medical 
College, in which he was elected to the 
chair of Materia Medica and Therapeutics. 
to which he added Dermatology. He was 
made secretary of the college and faculty 
and has been honored thrice with the sec- 
retaryship and once with the presidency 
of the College Alumni Association. He 
has been active and influential in the work 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



201 



of the Marion County Medical Society, 
the Indiana State Medical Society and the 
American Medical Association. He is mi 
the staff of the City Hospital, the City Dis- 
pensary and St. Vincent's Hospital. 

Dr. Hays has always been an ardent 
Republican and was one of the charter 
members of the Columbia Club. From 
the first he lias been one of its most active 
members, and was very influential in its 
development from a mere marching club 
to the most prominent political and social 
organization of the city. In 1897 he was 
made chairman of its house committee 
and began to rapidly develop the plans of 
wider usefulness for the club that he had 
been revolving in his mind for some time. 
It was then that the club began to branch 
out actively through the State and prac- 
tically doubled its membership by admit 
ting a few men of large prominence from 
each county in Indiana. At the same 
time the question of building a new chili 
house was brought to a head. The next 
year he was chosen president of the club 
and under his active administration ways 
and means for the construction of the new 
club house were found, and the result is 
far and away the handsomest club house 
west of New York. Dr. Hays is a man of 
high standing in Masonry and a member 
of many of its orders. As will be seen 
from the hare skeleton of facts tbus briefly 
stated. Dr. Hays' life is a remarkably 
busy one. His indefatigable energy, pa- 
tient persistence and remarkable ability in 
the conception and execution of plans 
have brought him rapidly to the front of 
every movement with which he lias been 
connected. 

June 25, L884, Dr. Hays was married 
to Miss Louella Graves White, daughter 
of the late Thomas White, Esq., of Mem- 
phis, a prominent banker and planter. 
Two sons, bright and active boys, have 
been born of this marriage. Dr. Hays is 

in the prime of his young liianh 1. In 

his profession and in such other lines of 



activity as he 1.;; - taken up he lias achieved 
tin- very highest sue years, 

and certainly the futui >u1 to him 

the very brightest of promises. 



J. J. M. LaFOLLETTE. 

.Ikssk Jennings Mills LaFollette, 
who was the unquestioned leader of the 
Republican majority in the State Senate 
in l s '-'7. is a man who, through steadfast 
industry and patient work, backed by a 
large fund of native intelligence, has 
steadily earned his way from humble be- 
ginnings to a position of large prominence 
in the State. He was born September 12, 
1 S -H'.. in Jay county. Indiana, on the farm 
of his father. John LaFollette. a sturdy 
farmer of French Huguenot stock. He re- 
ceived his education in the common schools 
of Jay county and later took a course in 
Liber College. After his graduation, he 
supported himself by working on the farm 
ami teaching a common school, while 
putting in all his spare time on the study 
of law. After he opened his office it was 
not long until the people of Jay county 
discovered that any legal work he under- 
took for them was done with, not only 
ability, but with the most conscientious 
care and fidelity, and be soon acquired a 
paying practice. In September. 1^;,",. he 
was married to Miss Anna Wells, of Port- 
land, and they have two children. Mi-. 
LaFollette has been an ardent Republican 
from the beginning. Hisyoutb was passed 
and his character formed in those stirring 
years just before the Civil War when the 
conscience of the country ranged itself 
with a Republican party for the freedom 
of the slaves. When war broke out he 
volunteered and went to the front as a 
member of Company E of the 139th Indi- 
ana. Returning to Portland at the close 
ot' the war. be resumed the practice of law 
and while active in political affairs neither 
sought nor accepted political office. He 
was an eloquent talker and bis services on 



HISTORY (IF THE REPUBLICAN' PARTY 



the .stump were much in demand and were 
given freely. In 1876 he gave up his 
whole time during the campaign as chair- 
man of the county central committee. In 
1892 he was chosen as a candidate for 
Presidential Elector in the eleventh Con- 
gressional district. In 1894 he accepted 
the nomination for joint Senator from 
Adams. Jay and Blackford counties, a 
Senatorial district that had a normal 
Democratic majority of over 1,800. lie 
accepted the nomination, with no notion 
of election, at the earnest and continued 
solicitation of the party leaders and in the 
helief that in so doing he might in some 
measure add to the local strength of the 
State ticket. His personal popularity 
throughout the district was such that 
while the general vote of the district was 
heavily Democratic he was elected and 
served his term of four years in the Senate. 
There lie was the author of many useful 
measures and acquired a very great in- 
fluence in the Senate. On August 1, 
ls'.iT. he was appointed Assistant LI. S. 
Attorney for the district of Indiana and is 
still serving ably in that capacity. Kindly 
and straightforward in his nature, able 
and intelligent in his work. Mr. LaFollette 
has already acquired high distinction and 
there is reason to believe that the future 
holds for him higher honors. 



GEORGE P. HAYWool). 

George P. Haywood, one of the most 
potent of the young Republican leaders of 
the State, is a man who has risen by sheer 
force of intellect and industry to a position 
of great eminence as a lawyer and of 
great influence in politics. Beginning his 
active life with neither money nor friends 
be is now in excellent circumstances and 
counts warm and loyal supporters by the 
score in every county in Indiana. 

( J eorge Price Haywood was born Decem- 
ber 15, 1852, at Sugar Grove, Tippecanoe 



county, Indiana. His father, Henry Hay- 
wood, was born in New Jersey in 1812 
and moved in boyhood with bis pa- 
rents to Green county. Ohio. Coming of 
age he started out for himself and located 
in Montgomery county. Indiana, and soon 
afterwards removed to Tippecanoe county, 
where he followed the occupation of a 
farmer. Martha Haywood, the mother 
of George, was a native of North Caro- 
lina, and bad later removed to Montgom- 
ery county with her parents. The boy 
was educated at the common schools and 
afterwards given courses in the Green 
Hill Seminary and the Northern Indiana 
Normal School. In the meantime he had 
worked on the farm during vacations and 
after school hours, and at the age of eight- 
een he began teaching school and taught 
for several years. In 1*77. while still 
pursuing bis occupation as a school teacher, 
he began the study of law. and in 1880 he 
entered the law office of Behm & Behm, at 
Lafayette, and remained there two years. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1>^1 and 
has since practiced law in Lafayette. He 
soon rose to some local distinction in his 
profession and was elected Prosecuting 
Attorney for the twenty-third judicial cir- 
cuit in lsst;. and was re-elected in L888. 
During bis term as Prosecuting Attorney 
he had six murder cases and secured a con- 
viction in every case. One of these, the 
Pettit murder case, was one of the most 
celebrated cases in the criminal annals of 
Indiana, and Mr. Haywood's management 
of the case brought him fame as a crim- 
inal lawyer that spread over several 
States. Fred W. Pettit was a Methodist 
minister in charge of the O'Dell and 
Shawnee churches when his wife died in 

1889. Pettit had shown a predilection for 
another woman and was charged with 
murder and the trial was held in Mont 
gomery county, on a change of venue, in 

1890. He was defended by very able 
counsel and after a lone legal struggle 



204 



HISTOUY OF THK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



was convicted of having murdered his 
wife by strychnia poisoning and was im- 
prisoned for life. 

While thus attaining fame as a lawyer 
Mr. Haywood had attained no small meas- 
ure of prominence in the politics of the 
State. His natural eloquence, keen logic 
and elnse observation of affairs had made 
him a valuable man on the stump and his 
services as an orator were in large de- 
mand in every campaign. In 1892 he 
was nominated by the Republican State 
convention for Reporter of the Supreme 
Court and in that year of Democratic 
landslides made a surprisingly successful 
canvass, running considerably ahead of 
his ticket, though he went down in defeat 
with his party. In May. 1894, hewasap- 
pointed City Attorney of Lafayette, an 
office which he still administers with great 
ability. He has been a delegate to every 
district and State convention of his party 
since 18S8. In 189-1 he was made chair- 
man of the Tippecanoe county committee 
and conducted a very vigorous and suc- 
cessful campaign. In 1898 he was made 
a member of the advisory committee of 
the Republican State committee. 

Asa man of affairs Mr. Haywood has 
been fully as successful as in the other 
walks of life. He is connected with the 
Lafayette Bridge Company as its regular 
attorney, and is director and attorney of 
the Lafayette Telephone Company, and 
attorney for Taylor's Hank, of Lafayette. 
He is a member of the Lincoln and Lafay- 
ette clubs and is socially very popular. He 
was married October 1. 1879, to Miss Mary 
Marshall, of Montmorenci, and they have 
three children. Thus early in life Mr. 
Haywood has reached a point of success 
that very few men attain after lifelong 
struggles, and there are few. if any. men 
in Indiana to whom the future holds a 
brighter promise. 



W. A. WOODS. 

It is doubtful if Indiana has ever pro- 
duced a jurist who handled so many legal 
controversies involving large affairs and 
handled them so well as has Judge W. 
A. Woods. During the course of his 
long career on the Federal bench many 
legal preliminaries have been presented, 
involving not only vast interests, hut 
bringing up almost entirely new questions 
for adjudication. While conservative 
always, he has never hesitated or shirked 
a decision and the precedents he has set 
have almost invariably been affirmed and 
followed by the greatest judicial body the 
world has known, the United States 
Supreme Court. 

William Allen Woods was horn May 
16, 1 s.",7. near Farmington. Marshall 
county. Tenn. He was the youngest of 
three children, the others being girls, and 
was only a month old when his father 
died, while pursuing his studies in theol- 
ogy. His paternal grandfather was a 
slaveholder ami a man of affairs. His 
mother's father. William D. Ewing. was 
also a well-to-do farmer, hut held as slaves 
only an old couple who had long been in 
the family at the time of Judge Woods' 
earliest recollection. When the hoy was 
seven years of age. his mother married 
Captain .John Miller, who. being strongly 
opposed to slavery, moved with the family 
to Iowa, where he died after a few months, 
leaving Allen las he was called) and a 
younger stepbrother to do the work of the 
farm. He attended school in winter until 
near fourteen, when he was employed in 
a mill, and after that for a l\'\v months 
clerked in the village store. Meanwhile, 
by carrying hod for the plasterers, he 
worked out a subscription to the building 
of the academy at Troy, in which be after- 
ward prepared for college and in which at 
the same time he was an assistant teacher. 
Before eighteen he was prominent in the 
Order of Good Templars, being chief of 



OF THE STATE < >K INDIANA. 



205 



his lodge, having also assisted in organiz- 
ing the Grand Lodge of the State, of which 
he was elected an officer. 

In 1855 he matriculated in Wabash 
College. Crawfordsville, Ind., and pur- 
sued a classical course to graduation in 
1859. He was a good all-round student, 
but was especially apt in mathematics, 
and for one year after graduation was 
employed in the college as a tutor. 
He then became a teacher at Marion. 
Indiana, where he continued until, in 
consequence of the first battle of Bull 
Run, the school was broken up. He en- 
listed, hut, by reason of an injury in the 
foot, did not go into the service. He was 

an omniverous reader from boyh I de 

vouring all the books which he was able 
to procure, and from the time of his grad- 
uation pursued the study of law with greal 
assiduity. 

In 1862, on St. Patrick's day. he lo- 
cated in Goshen, and entered upon the 
practice of his profession. From the 
beginning he was prosperous and success- 
ful. He was elected to the legislature in 
1866 and served with credit as a member 
of the judiciary committee, proposing a 
number of hills which were enacted into 
laws. He was offered, by Governor Baker, 
but declined, the appointment of Circuit 
Judge for the thirty-fourth circuit, then 
just created. In 1*7:'. he was elected 
Judge of the Circuit Court for the thirty- 
fourth circuit of the State and re-elected 
in 1878 without opposition, discharging 
the judicial duties with such ability as to 
gain a State reputation and secure from 
the Republican convention of 18S0 a nom- 
ination to the office of Judge of the Su- 
preme Court, to which he was elected in 
October. Assuming the duties of that 
office in January, 1881, he served until 
May, 1883, when he was appointed by 
President Arthur to the position of United 
States District Judge for the District of 
Indiana, succeeding Judge Gresham, who 
had been appointed Postmaster-General. 



He held the District Judgeship until March 
17. 1S*J2, when, upo dilation of 

President Harrison, hi v, ,,- 1 and 

commissioned Circuit Judge of the United 
States for the seventh circuil mid is now 
the senior circuit Judge for that circuit, 
and as such presides in the Circuit Court 
of Appeals, which sits at Chicago. 

Although his grandfathers were slave- 
holders, his father and stepfather were 
anti-slavery in sentiment and he became a 
practical Abolitionist. Aslavegirl, given 
to his mother by her father upon her mar- 
riage, had thereby become the property of 
his father, hut by his father's last will she 
was to have her freedom when she should 
arrive at the age of twenty-one. The girl 
married and before she was entitled to 
freedom gave birth to a hoy. who was left 
as a. slave in Tennessee in 1*47. the mother 
going with the family to Iowa. As the 
hoy grew he became valuable, as human 
chattels were valued. By the time Judge 
Woods was half through college he was 
compelled to borrow money in order to 
finish the course, and it was suggested to 
him that several hundred dollars could be 
raised by selling the black hoy. He de- 
clined positively to profit in that way. 
avowing his purpose rather to leave col- 
lege, and insisted that the hoy he brought 
North and given his freedom, ami that 
was done. 

Among the notable cases tried by 
Judge Woods, one that attracted wide 
attention and interest, was the applica- 
tion for an injunction on behalf of the 
Governmenl to compel the directors of the 
World's Columbian Exposition to close 
the gates on Sunday. In the hearing of 
the case Circuit Judges Woods and Jen 
kins and Judge Grosscup, of the district 
court, sat together. Judges Woods and 
Jenkins decided to grant the injunction, 
and each delivered an elaborate oral opin- 
ion presenting the argument and reasons 
for his decision. The former held that 
there had been such a transfer of the 



HISTORY OK TIIK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



possession of Jackson Park to the United 
States for the purposes of the Exposition 
as to vest in Congress the right and duty 
of control, and that as Congress had 
made Sunday closing a. condition upon 
which it had voted an appropriation in aid 
of the exposition the Government had the 
right to exact compliance with the condi- 
tion and for that purpose to invoke the aid 
(jf a court of equity. 

While Judge Woods occupied the dis- 
trict bench his court had more than the 
usual number of political cases. The 
most important and notable was the trial 
and conviction of parties indicted for 
conspiring to obtain unlawful possession 
of the tally sheets containing a record 
of the vote in the city of Indianap- 
olis at the Congressional election in 1886. 
Judge Woods' construction of the statutes 
applicable to the case was strenuously con- 
tested, hut was sustained by the decision 
of the Supreme Court. In re Coy, 127 U. 
S., 731. 

The case that attracted the most atten- 
tion, however, was the proceeding against 
Colonel Dudley, charged with writing a 
letter from New York, during the cam- 
paign of L888, advising bribery at the 
polls. The election was, perhaps, the 
most exciting ever held in the State, and 
charges of corruption were freely made by 
both parties. A "confidential"' letter, al- 
leged to have been written by the chair- 
man of a Democratic county committee to 
a subordinate, fell into the hands of the 
enemy. It advised that voters that could 
he bought were simply "floats" and should 
he looked after closely, that no one should 
escape. Another letter, over the alleged 
signature of Colonel Dudley, written on a 
sheet hearing the imprint of the National 
Republican committee, and addressed to 
an unknown person in Indiana, was inter- 
cepted in some manner and fell into the 
hands of a Democratic State committee. 
It gave full and explicit directions con- 
cerning the election and contained this 



offensive clause : "Divide the floaters into 
blocks of five and put a trusted man with 
necessary funds in charge of these five and 
make him responsible that none get away 
and that all vote our ticket." In this 
charge to the Federal grand jury, which 

met November 14. L888, Judge W Is 

called attention to section 551 1 of theU. S. 
Revised Statutes, which makes bribery an 
offense and provides that any person who 
••aids, counsels, procures or advises any 
such voter, person or officer, to do any act 
hereby made a crime * * shall be 

punished by a fine of not more than five 
hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not 
more than three years, or by both, and 
shall pay the costs of the prosecution." 
The question of the proper construction of 
the statute having been under considera- 
tion hetween Judge Woods and ex-Senator 
McDonald and there having developed a 
difference of opinion. Judge Woods pur- 
posely omitted any construction of the sec- 
tion and gave his charge to the jury sub- 
stantially in the language of the statute, 
so as to leave the District Attorney free 
to conduct the investigation before the 
grand jury in his own way. A month 
later, however, in a response to a request of 
the grand jury, for more explicit instruc- 
tion, he quoted section 551 1 of the Statutes 
and added this construction : "But in any 
case, besides the mere fact of the advice 
or counsel, it must he shown that the 
crime contemplated was committed or an 
attempt made to commit it." This was 
followed by a storm of partisan criticism. 
It was charged in the Democratic press, 
and by the senior Senator from Indiana 
upon the floor of the United States Senate, 
that this construction was inconsistent 
with the first, charge and that the Judge 
had determined to shield the guilty by 
making indictment impossible under his 
construction of the law. The criticism 
having been repeated in words of bitter 
denunciation in the Democratic State plat- 
form of 1890, Judge Woods published an 



208 



HISTORY (>K THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



elaborate statement of facts, with corre- 
spondence and data, which not only exon- 
erated 1 1 i in from any suspicion of wrong- 
doing or inconsistency, but also showed 
that his construction of the law was cor- 
rect, that it was approved hy Justice Har- 
lan of the United States Supreme Court, 
who examined the authorities carefully at 
his request, and it appeared later that his 
ruling was in exact accord with an early 
decision of the Supreme Court in the case 
of United States vs. Mills, 7 Peters. 137, 
which seems to have been overlooked 
while the discussion was going- on. The 
vindication was complete. 

But more notable and important than 
any other of his services upon the bench 
were the issue of the injunction in L894 
against interference with interstate com- 
merce and the carrying of the mails on 
the railroads running into Chicago and 
the punishment by imprisonment of the 
officers of the American Railway Union 
for disobedience of the injunction. To 
that injunction, ami the punishment 
of its violators, is referable the expres- 
sion, and the outcry against "gov- 
ernment by injunction;" hut seldom has 
a more notable tribute to the law and to a 
judge for declaring and enforcing it been 
uttered than by Justice Brewer, of the 
Supreme Court, at the banquet of the 
Marquette Club, of Chicago, when he said: 

'•The great strike of which this city 
was the historic center attests the wisdom 
of judicial interference. The 

peaceful ending of that strike is a supreme 
attestation of the power of the American 
people to govern themselves. That honest 
ami true-minded men were on both sides 
of that controversy no sensible man doubts 
and that it was settled judiciously and not 
by bayonets and bullets is the glory of all. 
And here let me say in passing that the 
hero of that struggle for the domination 
of the law was Circuit Judge William A. 
Woods, whose name will he revered and 
honored through the coming ages, long 



after the memories of his critics and assail- 
ants shall have become, like the body of 
Lazarus, four days in the grave." 

Judge Woods is recognized as a jurist 
of the highest integrity. He is careful 
and painstaking in research, deliberate 
and conservative in judgment. Judge 
Woods was married December 6, l^To, to 
Miss Newton, of Pes Moines. Iowa. They 
have two children a daughter, and a son. 



FRANCIS E. BAKER. 

It has often been said that in America 
it is a difficult thing for the son of a great 
man to earn the respect of a community, 
and there is not a little truth in this state 
nieiit. Many an ambitious spirit has been 
crushed with the contemptuous comment. 
" He is the son of his father." With this 
in mind one can understand something of 
the force of character and strength of will 
that Francis E. Baker has put in the bat- 
tle of life to attain the high and honorable 
position of a Judge of the State Supreme 
Court while his father is still on the Fed- 
eral bench as District Judge of Indiana. 
When Judge John H. Baker was appointed 
to the Federal bench many tempting offers 
were made to his son for partnerships and 
corporation practice at the capital, but the 
Bakers are not made of that sort of stuff. 
The son preferred to remain at Goshen and 
practice law, as he had done theretofore. 
upon his own merits, and the father was 
more than satisfied that this should be the 
case. 

Francis E. Baker was horn at Goshen, 
Indiana. < >ctober 20, I860, the son of Hon. 
John H. Baker, whose career as lawyer, 
statesman and jurist is set forth on another 
page of this volume. His mother. Mrs. 
Harriet E. Baker, is a daughter of Hon. 
Joseph H. DeFrees. who was an early set- 
tler of Elkhart county and one of the most 
prominent citizens of the State. The boy 
was educated in the common schools, hut 
when it came to his preparation for college 




^J^^^^JOju. 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 200 

his father took the matter in hand and tu- JOHN C. NEW. 
tored him in Greek. Latin, mathematics No man in r ndiana has ,.,,.,. ,„.,,, „„„,. 
and other essentials. He entered the Indi- intimately assoc i ate d with the develop 
ana State University in L876and remained ment ;m(1 progressof the Republican party 
there two years. In l«7s he entered the th . m hag Hnn John ( , Xew during tl]1 , 
University of Michigan and graduated in past fchirty V( , ars hl |11(Jlv tl|a|| one ,. mi 
L882, after completing a special course that paign of critica] i mpor tance its success 
usually requires five years. In that great has depended upon his genius, patriotism 
universitv he is still remembered as one of aU(1 capacity for ari;m . s . ;mu at ,„, point in 
the most intelligent students among the its history has ll( , ever failed fco give it fche 
thousands that have attended there. In benefit of his sound judgment and inde 
L880 lie served as class historian and dur- f afc i ga ble energy. He is a man who does 
ing the last year of his course was the lit- fcnings wjrh th( , positive natu re horn to 
erary editor of the college paper, The ,.,„ 11I11 .„ 1 ,i . he has spent a long and hon- 
( 'hronicle, and was class poet at the com- orable lif( , in th( . c . ontro ] of men and large 
mencement exercises of his class. After affairs> aud h as left the impress of his 
graduation he read law for two years mi- strong personality, not only upon his un- 
der his father and Judge Mitchell and Qa tive State, but upon the Nation at large, 
with the beginning of L885 he formed a j ohn Chalfant New was horn at Old 
partnership with his father. This part- Vernon, Jennings county. July 6, 1831. 
nership was dissolved in 1892 when his His f at her, John Bowen New. migrated 
father was appointed to the Federal bench. f rorn t ] lt . original seat of the family in 
He then formed the partnership of Baker North Carolina to Northern Ohio in the 
& Miller, which continued until his elec- ear i y pioneer days, and came further 
tion to the supreme bench. While active Westward in L816, the year that Indiana 
and influential in politics, Mr. Baker never entered the Union. He settled at Old 
aspired to office until L89S, when his dis- Vernon and was one of those hardy pion- 
trict put him forward as a candidate for eerSj whose strength and energy helped 
the nomination as Supreme . fudge. So t() ( . arve a great commonwealth out of 
great was his reputation as a lawyer all the wilderness. He was an active mem- 
over Northern Indiana that the suggestion ber of the Campbellite Church and offi- 
met with little opposition, even from c i a ted as an elder for sixty years. He 
friends of those who aspired to the same po- married Maria Chalfant. a native of Gal- 
sition. and he was nominated without dif- latin county Kv. Their son. John ('.. 
ficulty and elected with the ticket. On the received his early education in the public 
supreme bench he has already shown him- schools of Vernon and then attended 
self to be a jurist of a high order of ability. Bethany College, in Virginia, tour years 
.Judge Baker was married on February under the training of its famous founder, 
21, 1888, to Miss May Irwin and they Alexander Campbell. He graduated at 
have three children. The career of Judge the age of twenty and was admitted to the 
Baker contains no sudden stroke of for- bar after studying a year in the office of 
tune. His nomination and election to ex-Governor David Wallace. This was 
the highest judicial tribunal of the State j n L852, ami he had no sooner opened his 
was but the fruit of his years of toil, study law office than he was appointed Deputy 
and conscientious thought. They were Clerk of Marion county. At the close of 
yeai's of preparation and they have enabled his term he stood as a candidate for ( !lerk, 
him to measure up fully to the require- received the nomination without trouble 
ments of his high station. and was elected bv a good majority, 



210 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



notwithstanding the fact that the county 
was strongly Democratic. A renomination 
was offered him, but he declined it. The 
War of the Rebellion was about to break 

out and Mr. New believed he could serve 
his country better in any other capacity 
than by holding a lucrative civil office. 
Governor Morton had already recognized 
the young man's executive ability and 
soundness of judgmenl and asked him to 
take the position of Quartermaster-Gen- 
eral of Indiana. The responsibilities of 
the office were very heavy and the amount 
of detail involved in equipping and sup- 
plying the thousands and thousands of 
troops that Indiana furnished was some- 
thing em irmi >us. Vast sums passed through 
the hands of Mr. New in the purchase of 
these supplies, and not only was every 
penny properly accounted for. but the sup- 
plies were purchased by means of contracts 
that were very advantageous to the State. 
Readers of this history are already famil- 
iar with the great difficulties and embar- 
rassments Governor Morton met with 
through the refusal of the legislature to 
appropriate funds, either tor the equip- 
ment of troops or for carrying on the 
ordinary functions of the State govern 
ment. In this critical period Mr. New 
was the closest friend and adviser of the 
Governor, and much of Morton's success 
in carrying on the State government 
through his own personal exertions and 
credit was due to Mr. New's aid and ad- 
vice. In 1862, when hut thirty years of 
age, he was elected State Senator from 
Ma lion county and served with marked 
ability. In L865 he purchased a large in- 
terest in the First National Bank of Indi- 
anapolis and served successively as cashier, 
vice-president and treasurer. The hank 
was a great and prosperous institution, 
and the tact was generally recognized that 
it- strengthand prosperity was due largely 
to his ability and judgment. During this 
time his activity in politics had continued, 
though he had no thought or expectation 



of ever again holding a public office. In 
L875, however. President Grant, to Mr, 
Xew's surprise, offered him the responsi- 
ble post of Treasure]' of the United States. 
It was during the period of reconstruction 
and of the refundment of the National 
debt, when millions of greenbacks were 
being retired and when the office of Treas- 
urer was not old}- one of great responsi 
bility, but one involving an enormous 
amount of executive work and detail. 
Mr. New was thoroughly equipped by na- 
tive ability and long experience to meet 
the difficulties of the position. He intro- 
duced a new system of accounts that has 
ever since been followed in the department, 
and when he resigned his office in ls7<; not 
a single error was found to have crept in. 
During the next four years he was en- 
gaged in private business, and in 1880 he 
purchased the Indianapolis Journal, with 
whose management he has ever since been 
more or less intimately connected. The 
Journal was a losing property, financially, 
when he purchased it. hut it was only a 
year until the balance was on the right 
side of the ledger, and his ability and 
energy were as successful in building up 
this property as they bad been in building 
up the hank. In this same year he was 
elected chairman of the Republican State 
committee and guided the fortunes of the 
party through the most memorable and 
most closely contested campaign that has 
ever heen fought on Indiana soil. It was 
during this campaign that be flatly de- 
clined an offer of $200,000 in the way of 
financial assistance from the National 
committee, declaring that the victory was 
already certain, and though the margin 
was narrow, the result justified his pre- 
diction. From this time on. tor more than 
twelve years, Mr. New was one of the most 
powerful factors in every National con- 
vention that was held. In February, L882, 
upon the urgent invitation of President 
Arthur, he took office as Assistant Secrc- 
tary of the Treasury, and administered it 



OF THE STATE (>F INDIANA. 



•211 



ably until he resigned in May. 1884. In 
L884, at the earnest solicitation of the 
State committee, he again assumed tin- 
reins as chairman and made a magnificent 
fight. In I s "- s he took charge of General 
Harrison's canvass for the nomination and 
directed the Harrison forces with great 
skill through the preliminary campaign 
that was to determine whether Harrison 
or Gresham should be the choice of the 
Indiana Republicans. His victory was 
complete, but the greater struggle was 
still ahead. In the great contest in the 
Chicago convention he displayed political 
generalship of the highest order, and it 
was universally acknowledged that to him. 
more than to any other human being. Gen- 
eral Harrison owed his nomination. The 
work of practical politics, arduous and ab- 
sorbing as it was. did not prevent him from 
devoting a great deal of time to the conduct 
of the Journal, and under his administra- 
tion its influence was National in its scope. 
No other newspaper in the United States 
fought so vigorously or so efficiently for 
the nomination and election of Harrison. 
One of the first appointments made after 
General Harrison's inauguration was that 
of Mr. New to the office of Consul-Gen- 
eral of the United States at London. His 
administration of this office was business- 
like, careful and thoroughly creditable. 
At the time of the convention of 1892 he 
returned to take charge of the Harrison 
forces at Minneapolis and exhibited the 
same political generalship and skill that 
had so frequently brought success in the 
past. After his retirement from office 
Mr. New returned to his home in Indi- 
anapolis, aud has devoted his time to the 
care of his various large interests here. 
While in London he sold the controlling 
interest of the Journal to his son. Harry 
S. New. 

Mr. New was first married to Miss 
Melissa Beeler. of Marion county, and one 
son, Harry S. New. was the result of this 
union. Some years after her death he 



was again married to Miss Elizabeth 
McKae. of Virginia, a woman whose high 
intelligence and graces have made her as 
much of a leader in the social world as 
hasher husband in the world of politics 
and business. They have two daughters. 
Mrs. W. R. McKeen, Jr. , of Terre Haute, 
and Miss Rowena New. Unlike most 
Americans Mr. New lias known when to 
quit the field of activity, and though he 
is able to count confidently on many years 
of life, he regards his day's work in the 
world as done, and is living in Indianap- 
olis the ideal life of cultivated ease and 
dignity that ancient writers always set so 
much store by. 



S. E. KERCHEVAL. 

Samuel Edward Kekcheval has been 
for years one of the prominent leaders 
among the Republicans of Indiana. Mr. 
Keivheval was born December 31, ls+7. 
near Alexandria. Campbell county. Ken- 
tucky. His father. Robert T. Kercheval. 
was a banker of French Huguenot extrac- 
tion. His mother. Anna Maria Silver- 
thorn, was from an old Dutch family of 
Virginia. Mr. Kercheval's parents re- 
moved to Rockport. Indiana, while he was 
still a child and he was educated at the 
common schools there. He began life as 
a newsboy and at seventeen was made 
Deputy Treasure!' of Spencer county. 
Then for five years he edited the Rockport 
Journal and later went into stock farm- 
ing. His father had been an ardent "Whig 
aud Republican and the young man was 
from his earliest years an ardent believer 
in the Republican party. In L876 he was 
made chairman of the Spencer county 
committee and in 1880 was sent as a dele- 
gate to the Republican National conven- 
tion and it is doubtful whether there has 
been a district or State convention since 
he became a voter that he has not attended 
as a delegate. In lssr, he was elected to 
the legislature and made an excellent 



)K THE REPUBLICAN 1'AKTV 




&L 



x^. 



T 



record in that body. In L889 he was ap- 
pointed by Attorney-General Miller as ex- 
aminer of accounts and served in this 
capacity nearly four years. In 1896 he 
was made a member of the State commit- 
tee and devoted almost his entire time to 
the work of the campaign in that year. 
leaving his private business and going to 
Indianapolis to act as a member of the sub- 
committee in charge of campaign details. 
In March, L897, he was appointed U. S. 
Marshall by President McKinley and is 
still serving in this office, where he has 
displayed an executive ability that has 
kept the office in better shape than it has 
been for years. He was married at Rock- 
port, Indiana, in L 869, to Miss Cornelia 
Brown and they have two children. Mrs. 
L. L. hay. of St. Louis, and Miss Blanche. 
Socially, Mr. Kercheval is one of the most 
delightful of men. He is a member of the 
Columbia and Marion ( Hubs and of various 
secret orders. Straightforward and posi- 
tive in his manner his success in both 



political and business life has been due to 
his unquestioning devotion to his work and 
his wide knowledge of men and affairs. 



CHARLES L. HENRY. 

It is given to but few men on earth to 
succeed so thoroughly in a number of lines 
of life work as has Hon. Charles L. Henry. 
of Anderson. It would be difficult to say 
whether he has proven himself greater in 
the legal profession, in statesmanship, or 
in the conduct of large business affairs, 
but certain it is that he has reached great 
eminence in all 

Charles Lewis Henry was born on a 
farm in Hancock county, Indiana, near 
the town of Eden, July 1. 1849. His 
father. George Henry, was a native of 
Sligo, Ireland, who came to this country 
as a boy and settled finally in Hancock 
county. Before migrating to Indiana, 
however, he was married to Miss Leah 
Lewis, of Greenbrier county. Virginia. 
In LS52 they removed to a new home in 
the suburbs of Pendleton, where they con- 
tinued to reside until their death. The 
boyhood of their son was spent at the old 
homestead, where he attended the public 
schools of Pendleton and afterwards en- 
tered the literary department of Asbury 
mow DePauw) University. At the end 
of his sophomore year he left the univer- 
sity and began the study of law in the 
office of Judge Hervey Craven at Pendle- 
ton. Later he entered the law depart- 
ment of the State University at Blooming- 
ton, where he graduated in 1872. Soon 
thereafter he was admitted to the bar and 
formed a partnerseip with Judge Craven, 
which continued until L873, when it was 
dissolved on account of the election of 
Judge Craven to the circuit court bench. 
Mr. Henry continued the practice alone 
in Pendleton for two years and in 1*75 
removed to Anderson, where he formed a 
partnership with Joseph T. Smith, which 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



213 



continued until the fall of L877, when Mr. 
Smith removed to Kansas. Mr. Henry's 
great abilities as a thinker and a logical 
talker and his eternal industry sunn 
brought him to the front at the bar. and 
it was not long before he had a reputation 
as a lawyer and advocate that was State 
wide. With the discovery of natural gas 
came a great industrial development in 
Anderson and Madison county. Mr. 
Henry was among the forefront of those 
whose activities assisted him materially in 
making Anderson the great industrial 
center of the gas belt, and it was not long 
before his business affairs occupied his at- 
tention so completely as to compel his 
retirement from the practice of law. He 
built the street railroad lines of Anderson 
and conducted them profitably for a num- 
ber of years. Then he branched out into 
a wider tield and organized the great 
Union Traction Company of Indiana, 
which now includes the street railway lines 
of Anderson, Muncie, Elwood. Alexandria, 
Marion and other gas belt cities, with in 
terurban electric lines between them . He 
is now giving his whole attention to the 
management of this great property. 

In politics Mr. Henry has been from 
the start an ardent Republican. In IS80 
he was nominated for the State Senate 
for the joint district of Madison and Grant 
counties, then a heavily Democratic dis- 
trict. Such was his personal popularity, 
however, that he was elected and served 
in the sessions of L881 and L883. Here 
he was easily a leader of the Republican 
side and acquired a wide reputation by his 
eloquence, conservative common sense and 
energy in the support of measures that 
appealed to him as right. In 1892 he was 
nominated for Congress against W. I >. 
Bynum in the old seventh district, com- 
posed of Marion. Madison and Hancock 
counties. He made a remarkably active 
and vigorous campaign and it proved so 
effective that even in this heavily Demo- 
cratic district, in the Democratic vear of 





1892, lie came near being elected. In L894 

he was renominated and this time he was 
elected. In Congress his ability and intel- 
ligence won him the respect of his col- 
leagues from all parts of the country and 
lie was an effective member in putting 
through much of the best legislation of 
that ('ongress. In 1896 he was renomi- 
nated and re-elected from the new ninth 
district. In 189S the Republicans of the 
district would have gladly returned him 
to ('ongress. but he declined a renotnina- 
tion in order that he might devote his en- 
tire time and attention to the affairs of 
the Union Traction Company. 

HENRY (i. THAYER. 

Away back in 1630 Richard and Thomas 
Thayer, two brothers of Braintree, Essex 
county. England, came over with a colony 
from their native town and assisted in 
founding the town of Braintree, Norfolk 



•>U 



HISTiiKY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



county. Massachusetts. They traced their 
lineage back to Augustine Thayer, of 
Thaydon, who, through the favor of the 
king, was granted a patent of nobility. 
Among the descendants of these Thayers 
was James Thayer, a captain in the war of 
1*1l'. Captain Thayer's son. Rev. George 
H. Thayer, was horn in Broome county. 
New York, in 1807. He married Miss 
Hannah Griffin, and came to Indiana in 
I 846. He still lives at a ripe old age in Ply- 
mouth. He was a famous minister in the 
Methodist church during his day and since 
his retirement has for many years preached 
more or less and continued his activity in 
the church without other compensation 
than the feeling that he was doing good. 
While still in New York his son. George 
Henry Thayer, was horn. April 20, ls:'>4. 
at Euclid. Onandaga county. The boy 
had been attending school at his native 
town under competent teachers. He came 
to Indiana with his parents in 1*47. They 
made the trip from Syracuse to Buffalo on 
the Erie canal, thence on Lake Erie to 
Toledo and thence on the new Wabash and 
Erie Railroad to Peru, Indiana. Peru was 
then a small but active trading point and 
they resided there two years, removing to 
Marshall county in ls4!>. The education 
of the young man was continued and sup- 
plemented by a course in the Iron City 
Commercial College at Pittsburg, from 
which he graduated at the age of twenty- 
three. All his life in the meantime had 
not been spent at study. He taught school 
one term in Marshall county and in 1851 
f ( mud a position as clerk in the drug store 
of Henry B. Pershing at Plymouth. He 
believed he was not suited to this business 
and became confidential clerk and book- 
keeper for John L. Westervelt. After 
five years of service here he took his com- 
mercial course at Pittsburg. In L859 he 
formed a partnership with X. R. Packard 
in the grocery business and later engaged 
in the dry goods business. For forty years. 
however, his principal occupation has 



been that of a large buyer and shipper of 
grain. He was engaged for many years 
with his brother, Hon. John D. Thayer, of 
Warsaw, in the grain business at Warsaw, 
Huntington and Bourbon. Indiana, and 
Pittsburg, Pa., and he is still vice-presi- 
dent of the Bourbon Elevator ec Milling 
Company. The firm of H. G. Thayer & 
Co. is a large buyer of grain all through 
Northern Indiana and adjoining States. 
He has engaged in some outside enter- 
prises and always with signal success. He 
is president of the Indiana Novelty Manu- 
facturing Company, the largest plant in 
the world for the manufacture of bicycle 
rims, chain guards, etc., and is also vice- 
president of the State Bank of Plymouth. 

Mr. Thayer made two trips to Europe, in 
1883 and 1891, and after his second journey 
wrote a brochure on the countries visited — 
Great Britain. Ireland. France, Italy. 
Switzerland. Austria, Prussia and Bel- 
gium. He has delivered several popular 
lectures from the knowledge thus gained 
in foreign countries. When in Rome he 
visited the Marmatine prison, the tradi- 
tional place where the Apostle Paul was 
in prison, as well as other memorable 
places with which the great preacher's 
name is associated. His lecture on St. 
Paul's journey to Rome has been delivered 
in most of the churches in Northern Indi- 
ana for the benefit of the churches and 
has received the wide commendation from 
press and pulpit. 

From the first organization of the Re- 
publican party in Indiana Mr. Thayer has 
taken an active part and during his latter 
years he has become a man of large influ- 
ence in the party councils and was Presi- 
dent of the Hoard of Education in the city 
of Plymouth in 1^74. For six years he 
served as chairman of the Republican dis- 
trict committee of the thirteenth district 
and has frequently presided over district 
conventions. In 1880 he was elected a 
Presidential Elector, voting for General 
Garfield and Chester A. Arthur. In lsss 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



1 1 . 



he was an alternate delegate at large to 
the Chicago National Republican conven- 
tion and contributed his work and influ- 
ence to the nomination of Harrison. In 
L896 lie headed the Republican electoral 
ticket of Indiana and was chosen by the 
State electoral college to deliver the vote 
of Indiana to the Vice-President. He was 
nominated for the legislature in 1872 and 
for Congress in 1884, but the Republicans 
were defeated in the district in both years. 
Such offices as he has held have not been 
through his personal desire but in response 
to the call of his party. In 1893 Mr. 
Thayer was appointed by Governor Mai 
thews as one of the trustees of the World's 
Fair and discharged the duties of his posi- 
tion in a manner eminently creditable to 
the State. 

His engaging social qualities have made 
Mr. Thayer a man of great popularity and 
prominence in various fraternal organiza- 
tions. He has been a member of the Odd 
Fellows for thirty years, having been Noble 
Grand of his lodge for several terms. In 
1880— 8.1 he was Grand Commander of the 
Knights Templar of Indiana and has tilled 
the presiding chair of all the various sub- 
ordinate societies of Masonry. He took 
the thirty-second degree of the Scottish 
Rite at Indianapolis in 1876 and in IsTT at 
Boston was elected Sovereign Grand In 
spector-General of the thirty-third degree 
and honorary member of the Supreme 
Grand Council of the Scottish Rite for the 
Northern Masonic jurisdiction. In 1878 
lie received the degree of Royal Order of 
Scotland at Milwaukee and is now a mem- 
berof Murat Councilof the Mystic Shrine at 
Indianapolis. He is an honorary member 
of tile Masonic Veterans' Association of Illi- 
nois: of the Illinois College of Inspectors- 
General, thirty-third degree. Valley of 
Chicago; of the Ascalon Commandery, 
Knights Templar, of St. Louis, and of the 
Commanderies of Valparaiso and Frank- 
fort. Indiana. He is a life member of the 
Grand Encampment of the United States. 



Knights Templar, and in 1883 was elected 
honorary member of the Ancient Ebor 
Preceptory. York. England. He has held 
the office of Grand Patron of the < Irder of 
the Eastern Star of Indiana ami Grand 
Marshal of the (General Grand Chapter of 
the United States. 

On July ;». 1856, Mr. Thayer married 
Mary E. VanValkenburg and three of tin- 
six children that were born to them still 
survive. George Henry Thayer. Jr.. a 
graduate of Cornell, is now well known as 
a business man of high standing in com- 
mercial and manufacturing circles. He is 
secretary and general manager of the In- 
diana Novelty Manufacturing Company. 
James Wesley Thayer is a graduate of the 
Pennsylvania Military Academy and is 
now general manager of the grain busi- 
ness of H. G. Thayer & Co. Their daugh- 
ter, Mary Angelica, is a graduate of St. 
Mary's College. Indianapolis, and is mar- 
ried to William H. Young, of London. 
England, now treasurer of the Indiana 
Novelty Manufacturing Company. The 
family is one of the mainstays of St. 
Thomas' Episcopal Church, of Plymouth, 
of which Mr. and Mrs. Thayer have heen 
members for thirty-three years. 

As will be noted by the brief mention 
of evidence. Mr. Thayer has led a life full 
of activities and honors and he is rounding 
out a career of great value to his fellow- 
men, living quietly at his magnificent 
home in Plymouth, where he is surrounded 
by all the comforts ami luxuries that am- 
ple means and good taste can suggest. 



EDGAR H. ANDRESS. 

Edgar Herman Andress was born Oc- 
tober 6, 1842, at Bethlehem. Pennsylvania. 
His father was of Spanish ancestry and his 
mother of German descent. His first oc- 
cupation in life, after finishing his school 
ing. was on the C. B. & < ( ). R. h\. first as 
a trainbov. and working along in the line 



•210 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN l'AKTY 



of promotion to train baggageman, when, 
in 1861, he filtered the army and served 
throughout the war. At the close of the 
war. in 1865, he came to LaFayette, where 
he has since resided, with the exception of 
ten years when he was connected with the 
Murphy Varnish Company, in New York. 
having charge of their railroad business 
through the Eastern and Southern States 
and Canada. He returned to LaFayette 
late in 1893 and has since resided there. 
The only political office he has ever held 
was that of Councilman in LaFayette. 
serving four years. He has never asked 
political preferment, hut was always on 
hand as a hard and faithful worker, ever 
ready with his services and contributions. 
He served as registry clerk in the State 
Senateof 1M»'.». Upon his retirement from 
the Senate he was appointed Deputy State 
Supervisor of Oil Inspection, which office 
he is now filling. He is secretary of the 
LaFayette Commercial Club, which was 
organized for the promotion of the city's 
business and social advancement and is 
considered "the right man in the right 
place." He is largely interested in the 
independent telephone business and is 
president of the Carroll Telephone Com- 
pany and also the president of the Indi- 
ana Mutual Telephone Association, a State 
organization, comprising all the independ- 
ent plants in the State and the long dis- 
tance lines. He was its first president and 
has been continued in this office ever since. 
In 1870 he was married to Miss Mary E. 

W 1. daughter of Col. Thomas Wood of 

LaFayette. Eight children were horn to 
them, two dying in the spring of 1879, 
and six still living, two girls and four 
hoys. He is an active member in the Lin- 
coln Club, purely a Republican organiza- 
tion, and the LaFayette Club, a social and 
nonpartisan club. He is a Scottish and 
York Kite Mason, a Knight Templar and 
Shriner. and Last Eminent Commander of 
his Commandery. Since 1873, up to the 
present time, with the exception of the ten 



years he was in New York, he has been a 
vestry man in St. John's Church. Episco- 
pal, for a long time serving as its treas- 
urer. 



CHARLES WESLEY MILLER. 

The prominence in Northern Indiana 
of Charles 'Wesley Miller and his leader- 
ship among the strong Republicans is but 
a small reward for the patient struggle of 
a young man through difficulties of no in- 
considerable magnitude to the present 
enviable position he now occupies as one 
of the most prominent and able lawyers 
of Indiana, as well as that of a man of 
influence in the counsels of his party and 
in private life. 

Mr. Miller was born on a farm, near 
the village of Galena, in Floyd county, 
February 4, lsfi3. On his mother's side 
of the family his ancestors were of Eng- 
lish descent and settled at Cape May, New 
Jersey, about 1800, his great grandfather, 
Jacob Garrison, removing to Floyd county. 
Indiana, in 1817. The grandmother of 
Charles W. Miller. Experience Smith, a 
woman of remarkable ability, came with 
her father. Jacob Garrison, in 1817, at the 
age of seventeen years. She resided in 
Floyd county from that date until Janu- 
ary. 1 898, when she died at the ripe old age 
of ninety-seven years. Mr. Miller's ances- 
tors on his father's side were of good Ger- 
man descent. His grandfather, Jacob 
Miller, removed to Floyd county from 
Pennsylvania in lsnT, wresting a farm 
from the forest, on which Jacob) B. Miller, 
the father of the subject of this sketch, 
was born in 1819, and he has always re- 
sided in Floyd county. Both the father 
and mother of Charles W. Miller are still 
living, having celebrated their golden 
wedding in 1891. 

Mr. Miller received his early education 
at the country district school, working on 
the farm in the summer time until be be- 
came sixteen years of age. when he began 




vwW 





OF THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



l'i; 



to accumulate money enough to carry 
him through college, by teaching in the 
district school in the winter and selling 
books and fruit trees in the summertime. 
He attended a private school at Paoli, 
Indiana, under Prof. W. W. Pinkhani. 
and later was a student at the Ladoga 
Normal School. His college educatii >n was 
completed at the University of Michigan, 
from which institution he graduated in 
the law department in 1884. Be imme- 
diately began the practice of law. forming 
a partnership with John H. Binford in 
Greenfield, Indiana, and practicing law 
in that city until January. L885, when he 
removed to Goshen, where he has since re- 
sided and has been engaged in the practice 
of his profession. When Him. John H. 
Baker was appointed to the Federal bench 
in March. LS92, Mr. Miller formed a law 
partnership with Francis E. Raker, his 
son, and continued with him in the prac- 
tice until January 1st. 1899, when Francis 
E. Baker assumed his position on the Su- 
preme bench of the State of Indiana. 
The firm of Baker & Miller for years was 
interested in almost every law suit of im- 
portance in Elkhart county and had an 
extensive practice as well in the other 
counties of Northern Indiana. The firm 
was almost uniformly successful for the 
reason that it settled cases out of court 
and spared no time or energy in the use- 
less contesting of cases in court which 
should he settled out of court. .Mr. Miller 
is now the law partner of Hon. James S. 
Drake, for many years a resident of La- 
Grange, and one of the prominent lawyers 
of Northern Indiana. 

In politics. Mr. Miller is not a man who 
looks for reward before doing favors for 
his party. He is a quiet, though indus- 
trious and effective party worker. He has 
served as the chairman of the Elkhart 
county Republican central committee and 
has been a member of the executive com- 
mittee for the last ten years. Mr. Miller 
was elected Mayor of the City of Goshen 



in 1888 and served for two years with 
credit, lie was at thai time the youngest 
Mayor in Indiana. He had been a dele- 
gate to all the Republican State conven- 
tions since 1S82, and was a delegate to 
the Republican National convention which 
renominated Harrison in 1892. 

Mr. Miller was married in June, 1887, 
to Miss Sarah Elizaheth Perkins in Goshen. 
Indiana. He is a member of the Colum- 
bia Club of Indianapolis, is a thirty-second 
degree Mason. Knight Templar. Mystic 
Shriner and a member of the* >rder Knights 
of Pythias. 

In addition to carrying on his extensive 
law practice. Mr. Miller is interested in 
several large commercial enterprises. He 
is secretary of the Lesh, Prouty ec Abott 
Company, of East Chicago. Indiana, one 
of the largest walnut companies in the 
world; is interested in the Ariel Cycle 
Manufacturing Company, of Goshen; is 
president of the State Bank of Goshen and 
is president of the Goshen Telephone Com- 
pany. Mr. Miller is a director in the Elk- 
hart& Western Railway Company and also 
a director in the Michigan branch of the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway 
Company, for which road he has heen at- 
torney in Indiana forthe past seven years. 

Mr. Miller has declined the Republican 
nomination for Congress on two occasions. 
because of the extensive practice of law in 
which he was engaged. 



A I A" IN T. HERT. 

The fact that Alvin T. Hert has become 
within a few years famous the country 
over as an advanced prison reformer and 
one of the most enlightened and success- 
ful prison managers of the country, has 
surprised nobody more than it has Mr. 
Hert's warm political friends throughout 
the State, who knew him only as a parti- 
san Republican worker of the most uncom- 
promising sort. He is still an uncompro- 
mising partisan Republican, hut he sees 



218 



HISTORY OK THK RKPUBLICAN PARTY 



in this nothing to prevent liim from giv- 
ing the prisons in his charge at Jefferson- 
ville the benefit of his very besl thought 
and energies. 

Alvin T. Hert is the descendant of an 
old Virginia family that migrated from 
Prince Edward county, in that State, to 
Ciali Orchard, Ky.. in the last century. 
His grandfather removed from Kentucky 
to Owenshurg, Green county. End., in 
1825. Here William Hert was born, the 
apprentice of a blacksmith, working at 
this trade until 1856 when he engaged in 
mercantile business, lie was married in 
1846 to Isabelle Owen, daughter of Wil- 
liam Owen, also a native of Kentucky. 
Alvin T. Hert was their youngest son. 
He was educated in the common schools 
and was given a short course in the Terre 
Haute Commercial College. At sixteen 
he went on the road as salesman for a 
Louisville wholesale house, traveling over 
the State of Indiana. He continued his 
work as a traveling salesman, connected 
with Cincinnati and Chicago houses, until 
1889, when he was appointed by President 
Harrison the Special Agent of the Depart- 
ment of the Interior to investigate certain 
claims arising from Indian depredations. 
This position he resigned to engage in 
business at Brazil, where he was a suc- 
cessful clothing merchant, and organized 
an ice company that proved a prosperous 
concern. 

Mr Bert's first vote was cast in 1888, 
and in that campaign he participated with 
all the energy and enthusiasm of his na- 
ture. From that time mi he took an active 
interest in politics : was frequently a dele- 
gate to State conventions and was actively 
connected witli the county committee of 
Clay county. In 1894 he was nominated 
and elected .Mayor of Brazil, and though he 
had t here a very disorderly element of pop- 
ulation to deal with, his vigorous admin- 
istration, carried on in the face of strong 
pressure and protest from his own party 
leaders, made Brazil one of the most 



lawabiding cities in the State. In the 
spring of 1895 he was chosen as warden of 
what was then the Southern prison, located 
at Jefferson ville. The State at large knew 
him only as an extremely active Republi- 
can politician, and the general tenor of 
comment upon his appointment was that 
this important place had been turned over 
to the politicians as a hit of political spoils. 
They did not understand Mr. Hert at all. 
lie took the responsibilities of his new 
position with the same serious intention of 
doing his best with which he had assumed 
the control of the city of Brazil, and ap- 
plied to it the same intelligence and energy 
that had marked his early life. It was 
the turn of the politicians next to be sur- 
prised in a protest. Mr. Hert had looked 
the country over to find the best and most 
experienced prison manager he could get, 
and. when he found him, brought him 
to Jeffersonville from another State as 
assistant warden. Protests of the politi- 
cians did not turn him in the least from 
his purpose and reform after reform was 
introduced At bis instigation and largely 
through his active efforts the prison re- 
form laws of 1897 were passed, which 
converted the Jefferson ville institution 
into the Indiana Reformatory. By the 
time the legislature of 1899 came in the 
State bad come to appreciate the value 
of Mr. Hert's efforts and he met with no 
opposition in obtaining further aid and 
appropriations that have enabled him to 
make the institution of Jeffersonville the 
model prison of the country. It is now 
controlled by a non-partisan board and is 
managed with an eye single to the reform 
of the young men committed within its 
walls. The system of discipline and the 
whole method of stimulating the inmates 
to industrious habits, to education and to 
higher lives displays the result of the most 
advanced ideas and best though! of the 
age in prison reform. His work has been 
quickly recognized, not only in Indiana 
hut throughout thecountry. In October, 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



219 



189S. he was elected president of the Na- 
tional Association of Prison Wardens, a 
position he holds at present. In February, 
1899, the Board of Pauper Institutions' 
Trustees of the city of Boston unanimously 
elected him superintendent of the alius 
houses of that city at a salary consider- 
ably in advance of what he receives as 
superintendent of the Reformatory, but 
at the earnest solicitation of the Board of 
Control of this latter institution he de- 
clined in order to remain at Jeffersonville 
until he has thoroughly completed the 
work so well begun. 

November 20, 1883, Mr. Hert was mar- 
ried, at Bedford, to .Miss Sallie A. Aley, 
daughter of Calvin R. Aley. Mrs. Hert 
is a woman of high capabilities and great 
refinement, and is socially very popular in 
Louisville and Jeffersonville. Mr. Hert 
is a member of the Masonic < >rder, Knights 
Templar, Knights of Pythias and the 
Columbia Club, of Indianapolis. Not- 
withstanding, bis very serious work in 
life he is a man of sunny and genial tem- 
perament and has a wealth of kindly good 
nature that makes a friend of everyone 

lie meets. 

CHARLES S. KING. 

Hon. Chaki.es Sherman Kikg was 
born September 14. 1865, at Wabash. His 
father. Thomas W. King, is a retired mer- 
chant and banker whose ancestors had 
come from Bavaria. Germany, and settled 
in Pennsylvania. His mother. .Jane 1). 
King, was a descendant of a prominent 
Irish Protestant family that migrated to 
America after the Irish Rebellion of L79S. 
The subject of this sketch was educated at 
Yale University, where lie graduated in 
the class of l S S '. » with the degree of B. A. 
He studied law in the office of McDonald, 
Butler & Snow, of Indianapolis, until 
L890, when he was appointed secretary of 
the Cherokee Indian commission and served 
in that capacity until Novembers, L893, 
assisting in the negotiations for Indian 



lands in Oklahoma and the Indian Terri- 
tory. In LS92 he was married at Wabash 
to Miss Alma Zeigler and they have two 
children. Katharine and Josephine. In 
L894 he was made a member of the Re- 
publican city committee of Wabash and 
has been sent as a delegate to every State 
convention since. In L89S he was chosen 
as the representative of Wabash county 
in the legislature and there made an 
excellent record as a conservative and 
level-headed member. He is a member of 
the Columbia Club of Indianapolis and 
of the Knio-hts of Pythias. 



JAMES E. WATSON. 

The (-lod-given power to sway multi- 
tudes of men by the sound of the human 
voice, to arouse in them noble ideals and 
high motives, to sway them to angry in- 
dignation or to triumphant enthusiasm, is 
given hut to few men and of these few in 
Indiana none possesses it to a higher de- 
gree than James E. Watson. Added to 
to this he has the courage and staying 
qualities that make him one of the lead- 
ing factors in Indiana politics. 

James Eli Watson was born November 
2, 1864, at Winchester, Indiana, the son 
of Enos L. Watson, a well known lawyer 
of that city. He was thoroughly educated, 
taking a course at the Winchester High 
School and later at DePauw University, 
where oratory is cultivated to a greater 
extent than at any other college in the 
country. He was prominent in college 
politics and there displayed the genial 
good fellowship and qualities of leadership 
that have since helped to make him fa- 
mous. Upon graduation he began the 
practice of law with his father at Win- 
chester and immediately became active in 
the politics of his native county. His first 
appearance in State politics was in lvi'. 
when he was named as a Presidential 
Elector on the Republican ticket. In 1893 
he removed to Rushville, where he began 



HISTORY (>K TIIK RKITBI.H AN PARTY 



the practice of law with Hon. L. I >. Guffin 
and Hon. Gates Sexton. Later this part- 
nership was dissolved and the firm is now 
Watson, Martin & Megee. They enjoy 
one of tin- best practices in Rush county. 
In the spring of LS94 Mr. Watson was 
a candidate for the nomination of Secre- 
tary of State. Never in the history of 
Indiana polities was such preliminary can- 
vass for nominations made as in that year. 
Aspirants toured the Stale and made 
speeches everywhere before the convention 
was held. Watson was practically un- 
known outside of his own county before the 
canvass began, but before it was over he 
was one of the best known men of the State 
and when the great contest came in the 
convention he stood second among a large 
field of candidates and came within a very 
few votes of capturing the nomination. 
Later in the spring he attended the district 
convention of the fourth district, which 
had been represented for years by W. S. 
Holman and was regarded then, as now. 
as the most unchangeable Democratic dis- 
trict in Indiana. There were three or four 
candidates for the nomination and the race 
between them seemed to be close. Wat- 
son was chosen as chairman of the conven- 
tion and made a speech whose eloquence 
captivated the convention thoroughly and 
when it came to the balloting they turned 
to Watson with a surprising degree of 
unanimity and the young man who had 
come to the convention simply as a spec- 
tator, without any notion of participating 
in the contest at all. came away the can- 
didate of the party. His canvass of the 
district forelection vvaseven more remark- 
able than his nomination. lie spoke in 
every township and personally met and 
shook hanks with thousands and thousands 
of voters. When the votes were counted 
out and it was found that Holman"s long 
career in Congress was ended, the Demo 
crats throughout the country were fully 
prepared for the end of the world. Wat- 
son would have been renominated at the 



close of his term with ease, and would 
doubtless have been re-elected, but the 
legislature of L8!)5 transferred Rush county 
to the sixth district, a strong Republican 
district, and one that is in the habit of 
keeping its Representative in Congress 
during his lifetime, if he cares to stay 

there. 

Henry Q. Johnson was serving as its 
Representative. He is a man of great na- 
tive ability and rugged integnt) and had 
given entire satisfaction to the constitu- 
ency of the district. Notwithstanding 
these odds against him Watson entered the 
race. and. after one of the most exciting 
struggles known in the history of the 
State, was defeated torthe Domination by a 
very close majority. In 1898 he was uni- 
versally the choice of the Republicans of 
the sixth district for Congress and was 
nominated without opposition and tri- 
umphantly elected. 

Naturally a man of such genial tem- 
perament is much sought after by various 
fraternities and Mr. Watson is a member 
of the -Masons. Red Men and Knights of 
Pythias, in which latter order he has been 
prominent for a number of years, being 
the Past Grand Chancellor of the State. 

He was married in December, 1893, to 
Miss Flora Miller, and their happy home 
in Rushville is blessed with two bright 
children. 



ELMER CROCKETT. 
Ei.mkr Crockett is a native of St. 

Joseph county. Indiana, and the fifty-one 
years of his life have all been spent there. 
He is a descendant of the famous Ken- 
tucky pioneer, Davy Crockett, his father. 
Shellim Crockett, belonging to one of the 
old and prominent families of the Lexing- 
ton region. At an early day the latter 
emigrated to Ohio, where, at New Paris, 
he was married to Miss Louise Ireland. 
Soon afterward, in the year 1831, they 
settled in St. Joseph comity and Septem- 
ber 1. 1-^4 4. records the birth of the -on. 




C^Jrr^Ur /&Tv-c^<iA<^ 



HISTORY <>K THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Elmer, on a wilderness farm not far from 
Mishawaka. The mother died in l s f s 
and during that year the family removed 
to South Bend. That flourishing and 
beautiful city was then but a struggling 
wildwoods hamlet of less than one thou- 
sand souls. Here Mr. Crockett ^ivw to 
manhood and became identified with the 
business interests of the place before he 
reached his majority, with which he has 
been prominently associated from that 
time until now. He obtained a good edu- 
cation in the common schools and semi- 
nary of the town. and. when twenty years 
of age, went to the defense of his coun- 
try, during the War of the Rebellion, as 
a member of the 138th Indiana Infantry. 
Returning to his old home, he learned the 
art of printing in the office of the Misha- 
waka Enterprise. Later lie became fore- 
man of the South Bend Register office 
while the late Vice-President Schuyler 
Colfax was proprietor of the institution. 
In a few years, in connection with his 
brother-in-law, the late Alfred B. Miller, 
one of Indiana's most gifted journalists, 
and A. Beal, he purchased the office. 

In 1872 Crockett and Miller retired 
from the Register and established the 
South Bend Tribune, now one of the lead- 
ing journals of the State. The Tribune 
Printing Company was formed and Mr. 
Miller served as president of it. with Mr. 
Crockett as vice-president and superin- 
tendent. Upon the death of Mr. Miller, in 
1892, Mr. Crockett became president and 
business manager of the company. In 
L888 he was appointed by President Har- 
rison Postmaster of South Bend and he 
made a most popular and efficient public 
official, serving his full four years with 
marked ability, introducing many reforms 
in the conduct of his office which were 
highly commended by the Department. 
He now devotes his entire time to the ex- 
tensive business of the Tribune Company. 

lie has heen very prominent in the Ma- 
sonic Order and was Grand High Priest of 



the Grand Chapter of Indiana during the 
years 1889-90. 

Mi-. Crockett is an unswerving Repub- 
lican in politics and from his youth has 
taken an active part in the political affairs 
of the city, county and State. He is a 
man of most excellent judgment and his 
advice is always sought after in party 
councils. In L898 he was chosen a niem- 
ber of the State committee and is still 
serving on that body. He is an active 
member of the Grand Army of the Repub 
lie has served as Commander of Auten 
Post, No. 8, of South Bend, and was Senior 
Vice Department Commander during the 
year L896. He is prominent, also, in re- 
ligious circles, is a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church, of South Bend, one 
of the ruling elders and superintendent of 
its Sabbath school, as well as president of 
the Young Men's Christian Association 
of the city. Mr. Crockett is a model citizen 
in every respect. Thoroughgoing in busi- 
ness, of an even, genial temperament, 
happy in his domestic relations, public 
spirited, taking an active interest in every- 
thing that will add to the prosperity of the 
city, he enjoys the esteem and respect of 
all classes in the community, and there 
are none who do not know him. 

He was united in marriage, in Decem- 
ber, 1S6*. to Anna Miller, daughter of 
another pioneer of the city, the late Sheriff 
B. F. Miller. Of their five children hut 
two are living:. 



GENERAL JOHN COBURN. 

General .John Coburn was horn in 
Indianapolis. October -_'7. l^-Jo. the son of 
Henry P. P. and Sarah Malott Coburn. 
His father was a native of Massachusetts 
and his mother was from Kentucky. He 
has resided at Indianapolis always, except 
when absent upon public business. The 
most of his education was obtained in the 
schools and County Seminary of Indian- 
apolis, where he acquitted himself as a 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



■2-1?, 



thorough and accurate student. He en- 
tered the junior class of Wabash College 
in l8-t4and graduated with honor in L846. 

He studied law and was admitted to the 
bar of the Supreme Court in the year 
1849, under the <>ld constitution, when ex- 
aminations were severe and thorough. He 
served as a Representative in the legisla- 
ture of L851, and took an active and 
prominent part. He practiced law in Ma- 
rion and adjoining counties until elected 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 
1859. He was on the Whig electoral 
ticket in 1852, in the Scott campaign. In 
the spring of this year he was married to 
Carolina Test, daughter of Hon. Charles 
H. Test. In September. 1861, he resigned 
his position as Judge and volunteered in 
the Thirty-third regiment of Indiana Vol- 
unteei's, being appointed Colonel. In a 
few days the regiment reported to General 
Anderson at Louisville and went, under 
orders, to Camp Dick Robinson, in Ken- 
tucky. Very soon he marched to Camp 
Wildcat, in a rugged mountain region, 
southeast of Crab Orchard. On the 21st 
of October, 1861, the regiment took part 
in the battle of Wildcat with the forces 
under General Zollicoffer, bearing the 
brunt of the action. This was the first 
conflict on Kentucky soil and the first 
fight of the Army of the ( )hio. afterward 
the Cumberland. The enemy made the 
attack, was repulsed and retreated. He 
remained in command of his regiment 
until the next spring, and was then or- 
dered to take command of a brigade in 
Southeastern Kentucky and East Tennes- 
see. In the winter of 1862—63 his brigade 
was encamped in Central Kentucky, and 
in February went, under orders, to Ten- 
nessee. Here he was actively engaged at 
the front, but was. with a part of his com- 
mand, on the 5th of March, 1863, cap- 
tured by General Van Horn, after a des- 
perate fight with overwhelming numbers, 
at Thompson's Station, in Central Tennes- 
see. Relying on the positive information 



of his commanding officer that but a small 
force was in front, be advanced t<> such a 
position and so disposed of his forces that 
he could not retreat without a general en- 
gagement, and thus enabled the enemy to 
get a heavy force in his rear, driving 
away his ammunition train and cutting 
off retreat. He remained a captive two 
months, and was on the 5th of May. 1863, 
exchanged, and soon after returned to his 
former command and entered upon active 
duty. He continued in service with the 
army of the Cumberland in Tennessee and 
Georgia. His brigade did memorable duty 
in the Atlanta campaign, at Resaca, Cass- 
ville. New Hope Church. Gulp's Farm. 
Peach Tree Creek and Atlanta. In com- 
mand of a reconnoissance in force he first 
advanced into Atlanta, and to him the 
Mayor attempted to surrender the city, so 
far as a civilian could do so. while the 
Rebel brigade, in the city, fled for safety 
out of it. He was brevetted Brigadier 
for gallant and meritorious conduct in 
this campaign. He never sought promo- 
tion, and regarded it as imposing the most 
serious and burdensome responsibilities 
upon the recipient of this honor. Return- 
ing home he resumed his old profession, but 
was surprised by his appointment as the 
first Secretary of the Territory of Montana. 
in the spring of 1S65. This honor heat 
once declined. In the fall of 1865 he was 
elected, without opposition, Judge of the 
Circuit Court for Marion and Hendricks 
counties, and served in this office until 
nominated for Congress, in 1866, when he 
resigned immediately, taking the stump 
as a candidate. He was elected to Con- 
gress foui' times in succession, serving 
continuously until the oth of March. l v 7-">. 
He was. while a member, active and effi- 
cient in the committee room and on the 
floor, taking part in many debates, being 
a ready and fluent speaker and an accu- 
rate and capable man of affairs. His 
term in Congress expired in March. IS75. 
He had been defeated at the election the 



22 J 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



previous fall, when the hostility engen- 
dered by the temperance crusade and the 
passage of the Baxter liquor law swept 
like a hurricane the Republican party in 
Indiana out of power, and the temperance 
movement was checked, the only practical 
result being' their defeat and the establish- 
ment of the Democratic partyupon a van- 
tage ground they have never lost. In 
1 s 7n he declined to be a candidate for ( !on- 
gress, and in 1880 for Governor. Since 
his retirement from Congress he has prac- 
ticed law at Indianapolis, except while ab- 
sent on public business, as the United States 
Commissioner at Hot Springs, Arkansas, 
and as a Judge of the Supreme Court of 
Montana. The labors of adjudicating the 
numerous conflicting claims of the set- 
tlers at Hot Springs occupied about two 
years, and were closed in December, L879. 
He served for a term as School Commis- 
sioner of the city of Indianapolis, and car- 
ried through a measure, after a long 
struggle, providing for manual labor cul- 
ture for girls in cutting, fitting and making 
dresses, the first experiment of the kind 
in the free schools. It was in advance of 
the times, and when he resigned it was re- 
pealed. But the ice was broken and man- 
ual labor has found in noble style its place 
in this system. He was. in the early pail 
of the year lss4. appointed one of the Su- 
preme Judges of the Territory of Montana. 
He accepted the office and entered upon 
the discharge of his duties in April of 
that year. He found the dockets crowded 
with business, the courts in his district 
having been suspended over a year. The 
jails were full of criminals and the people 
were clamoring for the trial of civil causes. 
He went vigorously to work and cleared 
off the dockets by his incessant labors, 
night anil day. In the fall of lss4 the 
members of the bar insisted on three 
weeks' vacation to engage in the political 
canvass. Seeing that nothing could be 
done, lie adjourned court, and. returning 
t<> Indiana, took the stump for Mr. Blaine 



for President, refusing to take part in poli- 
tics in Montana. This was enough to 
furnish Mr. Cleveland and his other politi- 
cal enemies in power in Indiana cause to 
secure his removal in December, 1885. 
But the record he made for vigor, activity. 
promptness and justice in the discharge of 
his duties will not soon be forgotten in 
Montana. He at once returned to Indiana 
and resumed the practice of his profession, 
in which he is still actively engaged. In 
addition to his professional and official life 
he has found time to engage in many 
matters of public interest as a citizen. He 
is always ready with pen and tongue to 
to aid in a worthy cause and encourage 
good work, turning aside gladly from the 
practice of his profession to take part in 
public progress. His published speeches 
and orations would til 1 a volume, and will 
compare well with the contemporaneous 
productions of a similar character. He 
is in great demand as a political speaker 
in Indiana and in other States. He is well 
qualified for the lecture Held. His vigor 
and strength are unabated, and he spends 
his days in the practice of his profession, 
leading the life of a plain, unassuming 
citizen. 



A. L. BRICK. 

If a higher order of ability, lofty mo- 
tives and an intense energy count for any- 
thing in Congress Hon. A. L. Brick, the 
new member of the Indiana delegation. 
is sure to come to the front and make for 
himself a name to he known throughout 
tlie country. 

Abraham Lincoln Brick was born May 
27, L860, on his father's farm, in Warren 
township. St. Joseph county, Ind. His 
father, William W. Brick, was a man of 
English-Scotch descent, who migrated 
from New Jersey to Indiana while St. 
Joseph county was still a wilderness. 
There lie married Elizabeth Calvert, a 
young woman of Kjiglish stock, whose 
parents had migrated from Grermantown, 



OK THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



225 



Pa., to join the colony of hardy pioneers 
who were fast changing the forests of St. 
Joseph county into fertile farms. With 
industry and perseverance the young peo- 
ple went about their life work until mid- 
dle age found William Brick in good cir- 
cumstances, with a fine farm and money 
in hank. Their son was educated in the 
district schools, and when he had finished 
with them his father retired from the farm 
and removed to South Bend. There the 
boy was sent through the graded school 
and high school, and later went to Cornell 
University : he took a year there and a year 
at Yale. His close application to his work 
had sapped his health, and under the ad- 
vice of a physician he went to Kansas 
where he worked for a year in the open 
air on a ranch, going through the exhil- 
arating experiences of a cowboy. Brawn 
and muscle returned with this life under 
t In ■ 1 >lue sky and shining sun of the prairies. 
Returning again to Ins books he entered 
the University of Michigan, where he was 
graduated in high standing in lssi. Im- 
mediately thereafter he opened a law office 
in South Bend, where he has practiced con- 
tinuously and successfully ever since. He 
undertook no partnership, hut made his 
way alone. His industry in the thorough 
preparation of his cases and his ability as 
an advocate soon attracted attention, and 
it was but a few years until he began to 
number among his clients many of the 
great manufacturing institutions of South 
Bend. Probably the greatest case in 
which he was engaged was the famous 
Reynold's will case, in which he was asso- 
ciated with Hon. A. C. Harris, and they 
secured a verdict of nearly $1,000,000. 
Mr. Brick was active in politics, locally, 
from the time he began the practice of law. 
In LS86 he accepted the nomination 
for Prosecuting Attorney of the district 
then composed of St. Joseph and Pa Porte 
comities. It was a forlorn hope, for both 
counties were very heavily Democratic, 
and in the election returned Democratic 



majorities in the neighborhood of 1,500. 
Such, however, was Mr. Brick's personal 
popularity and the effectiveness of bis 
campaign that, notwithstanding the heavy 
defeat of his party on the general ticket 
in both counties, he pulled through by a 
majority of six votes, and administered 
the office with great ability for the next 
two years. In 1S92 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the State committe by the conven- 
tion of the thirteenth district, and imme- 
diately attracted the attention of the 
party leaders in the State by his sound 
judgment and executive ability. In 1869 
he was elected a delegate to the St. Louis 
convention, representing the thirteenth 
district. In 1898 the Republicans of St. 
Joseph county and other portions of the 
district insisted upon putting him forward 
for the Congressional nomination, and 
while he fully appreciated the very high 
compliment and honor he was ever loath 
to leave the splendid law practice he had 
built up. and he relunctantly yielded to 
their arguments and desires. The strug- 
gle in the convention was a memorable 
one. but the popularity of Air. Brick car- 
ried all before him. 

Without having finally made up his 
mind to go into the race until within about 
two weeks before the convention met — 
long after other candidates had, by their ef- 
forts among delegates, made it seemingly 
impossible for such a late comer to succeed 
— he was triumphantly nominated after a 
short struggle. He made a campaign of 
remarkable vigor throughout the district 
and was elected by a majority of over 
2,500. 

Mr. Brick was married November 11. 
1S84-, to Miss Anna Meyer, daughter of 
Godfrey Meyer, a prominent citizen of 
St. Joseph county, and they have one 
child, a little girl of nine years. Their 
home is the center of a brilliant social 
circle and the refuge of a happy domestic 
lite. Mr. Brick is a member of the Indi- 
ana Club, Commercial Athletic Club, Free 



226 



HISTORY OF TDK RKPUBLICAX PARTY 



Masons and Knights of Pythias, and nat- 
urally a man of such qualities is in much 
demand in social organizations. While 
devoting his time and attention to the 
law lie has been the invester of rare judg- 
ment and is largely interested in the South 
Bend Land Company and the Indiana 
Street Railway Company. 



FRANCIS T. ROOTS. 

It so happens that towns and cities, and 
even nations, have reputations, good or 
bad, according to the good or bad reputa- 
tion of their inhabitants. It is an old 
aphorism, "Like people, like king," or 
"Like king, like people," and it does no 
violence to the philosophy which maxims 
teach to say, "Like people, like town," 
and in this regard the city of Connersville, 
in Fayette county, Indiana, is conspicu- 
ously fortunate. In an early day, in the 
history of the town, it became the residence 
of Mr. Alanson Roots, the grandfather of 
Francis T. Roots, the subject of this 
sketch. His father was Philander H. 
Roots, a business man and scholar pos- 
sessed of energy and integrity, public 
spirit and always abreast of this age of 
science and progress. Francis T. repre- 
sents the third generation of the family 
in Connersville, and while fealty to fact 
might make it questionable to affirm that 
he stands at the head of the name in Con- 
nersville, it is nevertheless true that in his 
career the family name has lost nothing of 
good report of which it might rightfully 
boast. His father was a manufacturer of 
woolen goods in Connersville, an inventor 
and a banker. He was one of the charter 
members of the First National Bank of 
Connersville, and its president from 1872 
to 1879. He was also one of the charter 
members of the Connersville Hydraulic 
Company, of which he was president from 
1865 to 1879. He was also a Christian 
gentleman, and was one of the founders 



of the Second Presbyterian Church of 
Connersville. in which he occupied the 
honorable position of trustee and elder till 
his death, which occurred in 1879. It is 
seen that his son, Francis T., the subject 
of this sketch, who was born in 1857, in- 
herited not only riches but a good name. 
His education began in the city schools of 
Connersville, and was completed in dick- 
ering Institute, Cincinnati. < )hio, where lie 
displayed exceptional intellectuality, mak- 
ing such progress that he won two gold 
medals, one for mathematics and one for 
science; besides, he was valedictorian of 
his year. The profession of law fascinated 
him, and he began reading for active prac- 
tice under Snow & Kumler, Cincinnati, 
and also attended the Cincinnati Law 
School. ( >wing to his father's death, he 
was required to leave Cincinnati and enter 
into active business life in his native town. 
At the age of twenty-two he was elected 
vice-president of the First National Bank 
at Connersville, a position of responsibility, 
and requiring financial acumen. His busi- 
ness interests rapidly increased in magni- 
tude, demanding more and more of his 
thought and time. Mr. Roots was a stu- 
dent of that philosophy which John How- 
ard Payne wove into his immortal song 
of "Home, Sweet Home," and on Novem- 
ber 11, 1880, he married Miss Sallie Heil- 
man, daughter of Hon. William Heilman. 
Congressman, of Evansville, Ind. Having 
settled this important alliance, Mr. Roots. 
with more resolute energy than ever, em- 
barked in business affairs, which, in his 
care, moved steadily forward, bringing 
success and large accumulations of wealth. 
He became president of the First National 
Bank in 1892, also secretary and treasurer 
of the P. H. & F. M. Roots Company. In 
addition, he became president of the Con- 
nersville Hydraulic Company, and holds 
large interests in the Connersville Buggy 
Company, the Connersville Furniture Com- 
pany, Roots & Barrows Company, the 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



Natural Gas Company, and a number of 
other business enterprises requiring capital 
and business energy. 

Sinre 1888 Mr. Roots has been con- 
nected with the Triple Sign Company, hav- 
ing the ability to see that an investment 
properly managed would yield large re- 
turns from the capital invested, and the 
returns fully demonstrate the correctness 
of his estimate. 

The rise of this business again demon- 
strates the checkered career of an investor. 
Mr. Theodore Heinemann, the inventor of 
this valuable sign, had solicited several 
parties in Connersville to interest them- 
selves, but each and every one discouraged 
him until finally he came to his old school- 
mate. Mr. Roots, who saw its possibilities 
and encouraged the inventor to the extent 
of entering into a partnership with him. 
Both have amassed quite a fortune out of 
this business alone. The signs are known 
the world over, and besides large sales in 
the United States, one firm in England 
alone i Lever Bros., of Sunlight soap fame) 
has contracted for signs to the amount of 
§100,000. 

Mr. Roots' home residence is palatial 
and luxurious, and one of the most beau- 
tiful and attractive in the town. He is a 
connoisseur in art. and his home is em- 
bellished with rare works of masters 
in painting and sculpture, including a 
copy of Murillo's Madonna and Raphael's 
Madonna of the Chair, also the birth of 
Venus, exquisitely carved in marble by 
Dieki. In politics Mr. Roots is a Repub- 
lican of the most pronounced type. He 
holds that politics is patriotism in its high- 
est sense, patriotism to the Union, to the 
Republican party, but above all to the 
State of Indiana. He is a personal friend 
of Gen. Benjamin Harrison, and as en- 
thusiastically and as disinterestedly as any 
other citizen worked to promote the inter- 
ests of the distinguished ex- President. 

Mr. Roots served as chairman of the 
Sixth District of the Lincoln League of 



the State of Indiana, and was elected as 
an alternate dele-ate to the Minneapolis 
convention in 1892, when Benjamin Har- 
rison was nominated the second time: has 
served twice as vice-president of the In- 
diana State Board of Commerce; was 
chairman of the committee that framed 
the call for the first monetary convention, 
held in Indianapolis in 1896, and was made 
a delegate to each of the conventions since 
that time. In L896 he was elected as joint 
Representative for Fayette and Henry 
counties, leading the ticket in the nomina- 
tion: was again elected to the legislature 
in L898, and represented Wayne and Fa- 
yette counties in the legislature of 1899, 
and during those two assemblies had the 
unprecedented honor of nominating two 
United States Senators, viz : Charles W. 
Fairbanks, in the legislature of ls'.iT. and 
Albert J. Beveridge, in the legislature of 
L899. 

The services of Mr. Roots were highly 
appreciated by the legislature of 1897, for 
the reason that he secured legislation con- 
cerning our insurance companies which 
was of a nature to foster and protect home 
companies, both as to fire and life. So 
much were these services appreciated that 
after the legislature adjourned he was pre- 
sented with a silver loving cup. a gold- 
headed cane and an onyx clock, by the 
different citizens (if the State, and the law 
which was passed in the last legislature, 
authorizing the formation of old line in- 
surance companies to do business in this 
State, was taken almost bodily from his 
House bill. No. 519, and his substitute for 
Senator Hubbell's hill. No. 213. In the 
legislature of 1899 nine of Mr. Roots' 
hills were passed by the House, eight of 
them becoming laws. Most notable of 
these were the forestry bill, for the encour- 
agement of forestry throughout the State : 
second, the appointment of a commission 
to ascertain what is fair and just concern- 
ins the salaries of county officers, and 



228 



HISTORY OF THK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



report the same to the next legislature; 
third, for the sale of certain lands, which 
returned $100,000 into the State treasury. 
But the legislation which has given 
Mr. Roots more celebrity, both in this 
Slate and other States, is the operation of 
a law which is known as the anti- junket 
law, of which he was the author, and 
which was passed during the legislature of 
1897. This law provided for the appoint- 
ment of a commission by the Governor, 
whose duties were to visit the State insti- 
tutions and ascertain their financial and 
physical needs, and report the same to the 
legislature. The work of this committee 
was all done before the legislature con- 
vened, and the Governor appointed Mr. 
Roots chairman, together with Senator 
Goodwine and Representative Herod as 
members of the committee. The report 
of this committee was so complete in every 
detail that the finance committee and the 
ways and means committee of the House 
were enabled to make their report very 
much sooner than would have been possi- 
ble otherwise, and most intelligently, and 
had the effect to stop forever the useless 
junketing trips. The Indianapolis News, 
speaking of the work of this committee 
editorially, in its issue of January 27. 
says: "Too great praise cannot be given 
to the work of Roots' committee for the 
thoroughness of its business methods and 
the businesslike directness of its report. 
It visited every State institution; it de- 
manded explicit and detailed statements of 
every phase of its work and expenditures. 
It is safe to say that a more thorough. 
businesslike and intelligent investigation 
of a State's public institutions was never 
made in any State." 

The Governors of other States have 
written for these reports and signified their 
desire that the same law shall govern in 
their respective States. 

Mr. Roots is a candidate for Lieutenant- 
Governor, but many of his friends are 
urging that he announce himself for 



Governor, inasmuch as it seems to he the 
general desire that we have a thorough- 
going business man to occupy that posi- 
tion. His huge business interests would 
probably prevent, however, his acceding to 
their request. 

hi matters of education and religion, 
no more active and liberal promoter or a 
more faithful defender than Mr. Roots can 
be found, and his views upon school and 
church are in strict accord with the hest 
thought of the times. He is a devout 
Presbyterian and an elder in that denom- 
ination. He is justly regarded as one of 
the ablest financiers in the State, and 
ranks with the hest type of solid and safe 
business men in the country. Mr. Roots, 
in his early manhood, has won a prominent 
place in the social and business world, and 
his host of friends wish him a long life and 
continued pr( >sperity. 

WILLIAM A. STEVENS. 

Eon. William A. Stevens is one of 
the wisest and most tireless of the young 
Republican leaders who have converted 
Bartholomew county from a Democratic 
Gibraltar to a Republican county. He is 
a striking example of that type of young 
American manhood endowed with a wealth 
of practical common sense, well directed 
energy and patient persistence that takes 
things as they come with good-natured 
philosophy, conquers all obstacles and 
compels success. 

His ancestry was of Scotch-Irish and 
English blood, and the family came among 
the early pioneers of Bartholomew county. 
John C. Hubbard, the maternal great 
grandfather of Mr. Stevens, came to the 
county when the site of the thriving city 
of Columbus was still a wilderness, and 
was the county's first Treasurer. Francis 
M. Stevens, married Catherine Brown, 
and of this union William A. was born, 
May IT. 1867. The father was a mer- 
chant and farmer and the boy was sent to 



230 



HISTORY OF THE KKI'UBLICAN PAKTY 




Jfrrz^L^y 



the public and parochial schools. He was 
ambitious, even as a child, to get into mer- 
cantile life, and at the age of thirteen be- 
gan his business career as bookkeeper in 
his father's firm, Lucas & Stevens. As 
hoy and man he lias mingled energetically 
in the varied activities of his native city 
and in the politics of the Republican 
party. After a term of service as book- 
keeper in his father's store he branched 
into business for himself as a merchant 
in agricultural implements and vehicles. 
At the age of twenty-fonr he was 
elected a member of the City Council and 
served with distinguished ability and in- 
tegrity. He has been a member of the 
county committee ever since 18ss and has 
been for years one of the most active 
spirits in it. He has come as a delegate 
to every State convention for years and 
has helped to wisely guide the course of 
his county delegation. In 1897 his ability 
and integrity were gracefully recognized 
by his appointment as Postmaster at 



Columbus, and he has administered the 
office in a business-like way that has given 
universal satisfaction. 

Mr. Stevens was married in February, 
1889, to Miss Louisa B. Wilson, of Colum- 
bus, and four bright hoys have blessed 
their union. They have a charming home 
at Columbus, where kindly hospitality is 
dispensed among their friends. Mr. Ste- 
vens is a member of the Columbia Club, 
of Indianapolis, and has a host of friends 
not only in the capital city, but through- 
out the State. 



JOHN ROBINSON BONNELL. 

John Robinson Bonnell, known as 
one of the most active and successful, and 
at the same time one of the cleanest of the 
young working politicians of Indiana, was 
born October 2, 1858, at Fredericksburg, 
Montgomery county. His father was 
John Kibbey Bonnell, manufacturer of 
wagons, who was a man of substance in 
the community and served three terms as 
Treasurer of the city of Crawfordsville. 
His family was of French descent, having 
migrated first to New Jersey, then to 
Hamilton county, Ohio, and thence to 
Indiana. The son was educated in the 
common schools at Crawfordsville, but 
began even as a boy to earn his own live- 
lihood, first as a newspaper carrier, then 
a vender of fruit and later as clerk in the 
various stores in Crawfordsville, Logans- 
port and La Fayette. At the age of twenty 
he embarked in the cigar business in Craw- 
fordsville, in which he prospered until 
1889. He had been active and efficient in 
local politics and had earned a reputation 
as a clean-cut business man that was of 
value. 

In 1889 he was appointed by Pres- 
ident Harrison as Postmaster at Craw- 
fordsville and served four years. A year 
later he established the wholesale grocery 
business of Bonnell & Nash, which he 



OP THE STATE OF IXDIAXA. 



231 



conducted successfully until he sold nut in 
ls'.io. In 1894 he was elected chairman 
( if the county committee and it was a mat- 
ter of comment in the rooms of the State 
committee that no other county chairman 
in the State had the affairs of his commit 
tee in quite such excellent shape as Bon- 
nell. He was re-elected to the same posi- 
tion in 1896. Both of his campaigns were 
very successful, the county being carried 
by big majorities. In 1896 he was made 
Deputy County Treasurer and in the fol- 
lowing year he was appointed Postmaster 
by President McKinley, where he is still 
serving. Though still a young man. Mr. 
Boimell's services to the party have been 
as long as they have been valuable. He 
was first made a member of the Montgom- 
ery county committee in 1882 and has 
served continuously since, having been a 
member of the executive committee ever 
since 18S4. In all these years there has 
not been a district or State convention 
which he has not attended as a delegate 
and his judgment and advice have always 
been potent in shaping the course of the 
delegation. 

He was married to Miss Fanny Evans, 
of La Fayette. Indiana, in April. 1879, and 
they have one child. They entertain hos- 
pitably at their home in Crawfordsville 
and are as popular in social circles as Mr. 
Bonnell is in politics. He is a member of 
the Columbia Club of Indianapolis and of 
the Knights Templar. 



THOMAS J. BEOOKS. 

The ancestors of Thomas Jefferson 
Brooks came to Massachusetts from Eng- 
land about 1640. The family finally became 
settled in the town of Lincoln, near B( >st< >n. 
From thence Thomas J. Brooks, the grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, came 
to Martin county. Indiana, in 1822. He 
was prominent in business and public 
affairs in his county for more than a 




generation. His son Lewis took to wife 
Amanda M. Crooks, of the same county, 
to whom their eldest son. Thomas J., was 
horn at Loogootee. in Martin county, April 
22. 1857. Lewis Brooks was a soldier in 
the Civil War, and became Colonel of the 
80th Indiana Regiment. Since the Civil 
\Y;\v Colonel Brooks has been active in 
politics. While his county was largely 
Democratic and he was a Republican, he 
was elected to county office five times, 
never being defeated. 

Mr. Brooks was a school teacher and 
studied law, beginning the practice in 
L8S2. He has been successful both in his 
native county and in his present home. 
Bedford. Lawrence county, to which he 
removed in 1892. He has devoted all his 
energies to his business, and is now in the 
front rank of lawyers in his part of the 
State. At the present time he is City At- 
torney of Bedford. Attorney for his county. 
for the Bedford National Bank. Bedford 
Quarries Company. Bedford Steam Stone. 



232 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Works, Bedford Belt Railway, Southern 
Indiana Railway Company, and many 

other persons and corporations of his city. 
His younger In-other. William F., is as- 
sociated with him in his law business. 

Mr. Brooks has always heen an active 
member of the Republican party, and 
while he has not been an office seeker, his 
time and means have heen freely devoted 
to his party. He was a member of the 
State central committee representing his 
Congressional district in 1894. The only 
offices for which he has been a candidate 
are Presidential Electorin L888and Senator 
from Lawrence. Martin and Orange conn- 
ties in 1898. Both nominations were by 
acclamation, and he was elected each time. 
In the Senate he was an active member, 
serving on the judiciary and other impor- 
tant committees. Mr. Brooks' influence 
on legislation relating to municipal and 
county affairs was marked and was always 
on the side of good government. 

Mr. Brooks, always a hook lover, be- 
came interested in library matters, and in 
connection with Mr. J. R. Voris, projected 
and organized the Bedford Public Library, 
a model of its kind. It is one of the 
largest, best selected and best managed 
libraries in any of our smaller cities. Mr. 
Brooks has heen president of the library 
from the beginning. He drew the bill 
that finally passed the legislature estab- 
lishing the traveling library and township 
library systems in our State. In spite of 
his professional and political duties he has 
had time to engage in other enterprises. 
being a director in the Bedford National 
Bank and half owner and one of the ed- 
itors of the />'< dford Mail, one of the most 
prosperous papers in Southern Indiana. 
It is the Republican organ of his county 
and city, and prints both daily and weekly 
editions. 

In 1890 he was married to L. Bel Wal- 
lace, of high literary attainments. They 
have one child. May. 



JOHN BARRETT COCKRUM. 
John Barrett Cockrum has worked 

his way up through life from the position 
of a humble farmer's hoy to one of recog- 
nized high standing in the bar of Indiana. 
as well as a Republican of large influence 
in the party councils. Mr. Cockrum was 
horn near Oakland City, Gibson county. 
Indiana. September 12, 1857, of Scotch- 
Irish descent. His grandfather. James W. 
Cockrum. was one of the early pioneers of 
Southern Indiana., removing from North 
Carolina to Gibson county, where he en- 
tered a great deal of Government land. 
He laid out the town of Oakland City and 
was a very prominent man in Southern 
Indiana until the date of his death. He 
was a Whig in earlier times, and after 
the organization of the Republican party, 
always a Republican. He represented 
Gibson county in the thirty-sixth session 
of the Indiana legislature in 1851. 

William M. Cockrum. father of John 
B. Cockrum. was Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the Forty Second Regiment Volunteer In- 
fantry during the Civil War. He was 
badly wounded at Chickamauga. lying on 
the battlefield in a temporary hospital for 
seventeen days. He was then taken a 
prisoner to Libby prison, where he re- 
mained seven months, after which he was 
exchanged and again entered the service 
and served through the war. He was ap- 
pointed by Governor Matthews a member 
of the Indiana Commission having in 
charge the erection of monuments for In- 
diana regiments at Chickamauga Park, 
which position he still holds. 

John B. Cockrum was educated in the 
common schools of Gibson county and later 
graduated from the high school at Oak- 
land City. At the age of seventeen years 
he began teaching in the country schools 
of Gibson county. Luring the summer 
time he read law with the Hon. .1. E. 
McCullough, at Princeton, hid., studying 
his law hooks far into the night. After a 








C*^3--&<!H^/C 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 233 

thorough preparation lie entered the Cm- Mr. Cockrum was married at Evans- 

cinnati Law School, and graduated from ville, January 25, L880, to Miss Fannie C. 

the full course in April. LS79. Bittrolff, and is the father of two children, 

Removing immediately to Boonville, Freda L., aged eighteen, and OatleyB., 

in Warrick county, he entered upon the aged sixteen. 

practice of law, forming a partnership Mr. Cockrum is a member of a large 
with Charles W. Armstrong, Esq., under number of fraternities, (dubs and socie- 
the firm name of Armstrong & Cockrum. ties. He belongs to the Knights of Pythias, 
This partnership continued until 1882, Odd Fellows, Elks, all the Masonic bodies, 
when Circuit Judge John B. I Candy retired including the Scottish Rite and Shrine, 
from the bench, and the firm of Handy, Loyal Legion. Columbia Club, North 
Armstrong & Cockrum was formed, in Side Republican Club, Marion Club, Com- 
which relation Mr. Cockrum continued mercial Club, Deutsche Club, Country 
until March, L889. At that lime he was Club, Maennerchor Society, and many 
appointed Assistant United States Attor- others, 
nev for Indiana by Hon. W. H. H. Mil- 
ler, United States Attorney-General, Hon. CHARLES F. COFFIN. 
Smiley X. Chambers being District Attor- [ n [394 j t was suggested to the Repub- 
ney. In March, 1893, he was appointed lican State committee that it place Charles 
Assistant General Attorney for the Hake jy Coffin upon its speakers" list. Mr. 
Erie & Western Railroad Company, and Coffin was notified to make a speaking 
served in that capacity until June, L895, tour and accepted. So signal was his sue- 
when he was appointed Genera] Attorney cess as an orator that since then he has 

for the Hake Erie & Western Railroad been regarded as 01 f the coming men 

Company, as well as the Ft. Wayne, ('in- ,,f the party in Indiana. Charles Frank- 

cinnati & Louisville Railroad and the p n Ooffin was born in the eastern part 

Northern Ohio Railway Company, lines of Marion county, Indiana. .1 une 2, L856, 

operated by the Hake Erie & Western. His father was a physician. Dr. Benj. F. 

Besides this responsible position he is at- Coffin, a member of the Nantucket family 

torney for a number of other large corpo- of Coffin, whose American history began 

rations, which clearly define his high order hi icsi when Tristram and Dionis Coffin 

of legal ability. an( j their children came from England. 

Although always an ardent Republican The young man was educated in the corn- 
worker, Mr. Cockrum has held hut one mon schools of West field and at DePauw 
political office, that of Assistant United University, teaching a common school 
States District Attorney, during the Ear- both before and after graduation. After 
risen administration. He is well known receiving his degree, he graduated in 1881, 
as a political organizer, having served as taking first oratorical and philosophical 
chairman of the Republican comity com- honors. Ee was the first Indiana man to 
mittee of Warrick county, as a member capture the first interstate oratorical prize. 
of the district committee of the first dis- After receiving his degree, he obtained the 
trict, and is at present a member of the ad- position as superintendent of the public 
visory committee of the Republican State schools at New Albany and served in this 
committee. He was a delegate to the capacity with great ability for three years. 
Republican National convention, in 1888, By this time he had accumulated enough 
when General Harrison was nominated to engage in the study of law, resigned his 
lor President. position and entered tin- law office of Judge 



234 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Dowlingat New Albany as a student. In 

1 887 he was married to Miss Sallie L. Dowl- 
ing, the daughter of Judge Dowling, and 
they have three children. Immediately 
after his marriage, he located at Wichita. 
Kas. , where he practiced law for six years. 
returning to Indiana in August. 1893, to 
accept the position of Dean to theDePauw 
Law School. He immediately began to 
take an active interest in politics and his 
services as a campaign orator have been in 
great demand in every subsequent cam- 
paign. He first formed a law partnership 
with Judge D. W. Howe and later was a 
member of the firm of Gavin, Coffin & 
Davis. This partnership was dissolved a 
couple of years ago and since then Mr. 
Coffin has been practicing law very suc- 
cessfully alone. 

CLEMENT STUDEBAKER. 

The family of the Studebakers is known 
throughout the broad land. A family of 
toilers, starting from the humblest begin- 
nings, they have built up one of the great- 
est industries in America — a business in- 
volving millions of capital, employing 
more than a thousand people and ramify- 
ing throughout the civilized world. To 
accomplish such magnificent results with 
nothing at hand in the beginning testifies 
not onlyto remarkable industry and integ- 
rity, but to a positive genius and capacity 
for great affairs. In the early part of the 
century John Studebaker resided in Adams 
county, Pennsylvania, where he followed 
the occupation of a wagon maker and 
blacksmith. He married Rebecca Mohler, 
one of those women of strong and deep 
religious convictions and forceful charac- 
ter who helped no less than their husbands 
in the upbuilding of a strong and virile 
nation. Both were devoted members of 
the Dunkard denomination. John Stude- 
baker saved and prospered, but heelldorsed 
the paper of friends and his savings were 
swept away. In L836, placing his family 



and household goods in a wagon of his 
own construction, he took up the westward 
trail and migrated to the wilderness in 
Ashland county. Ohio. His three chil- 
dren. Henry. Clement and J. M. Studeba- 
ker. came with him. and. later, two other 
sons, Peter E. and J. F.. were born in Ash- 
land county. Here a new home was 
made, the boys learned the trade of their 
father and the family grew to be respected 
far and wide. 

Clement Studebaker attended the dis- 
trict schools for a few weeks in the winter, 
worked upon neighboring farms and 
learned his father's trade in the wagon 
shop. In 1850 he came to South Bend. 
Indiana, and taught school for one term. 
At its close he worked for a few months 
for a threshing machine company. In 
1s5l> his brother Henry came to him and 
they joined in opening a blacksmith shop 
in South Bend. The combined capital that 
they were able to put into the enterprise 
amounted to $68.00. During the first 
year they manufactured three wagons. 
For five years they struggled on and the 

first bit of g 1 luck came to them in 1857, 

when they secured a contract for United 
States army wagons, to be used by the 
army in Utah. This gave them recogni- 
tion and prestige. In lsiis the Studeba- 
ker Manufacturing Company was organ- 
ized and the other members came to South 
Bend to join them. From that time on 
the growth of the concern has been phe- 
nomenal and for many years now it has 
been known as one of the greatest indus- 
trial establishments in America. 

Mr. Studebaker has been an active Re- 
publican since the organization of the 
party and naturally his influence upon 
the party in Indiana has been very great. 
Never aspiring to office, he has devoted 
much time and energy to the success of 
his party, and his word is always listened 
to with respect. The party has invariably 
insisted upon conferring upon him such 
honors as the press of his private business 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



235 



would permit him to accept. In 1880 he 
was made a delegate to the National con- 
vention at Chicago, and in l^ ss was a 
delegate-at-large from Indiana by ap- 
pointment of President Harrison. He was 
a member of the Pan- American congress 
of 1889-90. He was one of the United 
States Commissioners to the last Paris Ex- 
position, the Indiana Commissioner to the 
World's Exposition at New Orleans, and 
was president of the Indiana Board of 
World's Fair Managers. He is a member 
of the Columbia Club, of Indianapolis, the 
Indiana Club, of South Bend, the Odd 
Fellows and Knights Templar. He lias 
been for many years a man of large influ- 
ence in the affairs of the Methodist church. 
was delegate to the general conference of 
1880 and 1884, a member of the book 
committee for sixteen years, and trustee 
of Chautauqua, and of the DePauw Uni- 
versity, at Greencastle. Mr. Studebaker 
lias been twice married. Two children, 
the fruit of his first marriage, died in 
infancy. September 13, 1862, he mar- 
ried the daughter of the late George Mil- 
burn, and she is still living with her three 
children. Colonel George M. Studebaker. 
who led the 157th Indiana during the 
Spanish war: Clement Studebaker, Jr.. 
and Mrs. Charles A. Carlisle. Surrounded 
thus by a lovely family, at the head of 
a great, prosperous enterprise, Mr. Stude- 
baker is passing his declining years at his 
home in South Bend, one of the most 
magnificent residences in Indiana, enjoy- 
ing the respect and love of not only his 
family and neighbors, but of thousands of 
people throughout the United States. 



H. S. BKUiS. 

It is a common legend in Indiana that 
Kosciusko county produces the best crops, 
the best Sunday Schools and the best Re- 
publicans in the State. There may lie some 
dispute about the best crops and the best 
Sunday Schools, but nobody has ever had 



the temerity to question Kosciusko's promi- 
nence in the production of every-day-in- 
the-week Republicans and great big Re- 
publican majorities. And one of the very 
best of these best Republicans has for 
years been Hon. Hiram S. Biggs. Until 
1896, when his party spoiled an excellent 
party leader to make a better Circuit 
Judge, he was the most active and influ- 
ential political leader in his county. 

Judge Biggs was born in Kosciusko 
county and has resided there ever since. 
His parents were fairly well-to-do and he 
was given an excellent college education, 
after which he read law in the office of 
Frazier & Frazier. at Warsaw, and com- 
menced to practice in IS65. He was suc- 
cessful from the first and enjoyed an ex- 
cellent practice until he gave it up in No- 
vember, 1896, to take his position on the 
bench. 

He cast his first vote for Abraham Lin- 
coln in 1 s f j ."> . and in all the years since he 
has never for a moment swerved from the 
principles of the Republican party. In 
ISTn he was elected from Kosciusko to 
the State legislature and served in the 
session of 1871, where he showed himself 
to be a conservative and level-headed mem- 
ber. In May of 1875 he was elected 
Mayor of the city of Warsaw and admin- 
istered the office with integrity and ability 
for two terms, closing his work in 1^7'.*. 
He was the first Mayor the city hail and 
the whole system had to be straightened 
out and put in good running order under 
his administration. In 18S8 he was chosen 
Presidential Elector for the thirteenth dis- 
trict and voted and worked for General 
Harrison with the same enthusiasm and 
effective energy that he has always thrown 
into his political work. In 1892 he was 
chosen chairman of the county Republican 
committee, in which capacity he served 
for six years, and during his administra 
tioii it was a common saying about State 
headquarters that Kosciusko was always 
the first county to respond to any request 



236 



HISTORY <iF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



made by the State committee, whether for 
information, for work or for votes. Ever 
since the memory of the present genera- 
tion of politicians began the Kosciusko 
county delegation to State conventions has 
been headed by Mr. Biggs. He has al- 
ways been actively advocating the nomi- 
nation of some man. or the declaration of 
some principle in the platform, and has 
pursued his purpose with an intelligence 
and enthusiasm that has almost invariably 
brought success. It was to him, more 
than to anybody else, that was due the in- 
structions for McKinley in the State con- 
vention of 1896. In 1896 lie was nomi- 
nated for Judge of the fifty-fourth judicial 
circuit and elected. On the bench he has 
earned the State wide reputation for judi- 
cial fairness and ability. 



E. H. NEBEKER. 

The history of the Republican party of 
Indiana, without a biographical sketch of 
Hon. Enos H. Nebeker, would be like the 
story of a play with one of its most promi- 
nent actors left out. For more than fif- 
teen years lie has been one of the most 
prominent leaders of the party. Always 
either a member of the State committee, 
its executive committee or some of the 
auxiliary committees, and always a man 
who is looked to. not only for advice, but 
for bard and efficient work in the manage- 
ment of each campaign. He was born 
.June 26, L836, in Covington. Ind. His 
ancestors were German and both bis par- 
ents removed to Covington from Piqua 
county, Ohio, in L82-t. His father, George 
Nebeker, was a country banker and farmer. 
The young man was given a common 
school education and took a course of one 
one year at Asbury University. He 
worked energetically on the farm and 
helped his father in the bank. He dis- 
played that aptitude for business of any 
honorable character that is the chief 
characteristic of successful manhood. He 



was successful in farming and hanking. 
He has dealt in lumber, railroad ties, in 
tlie buying ami shipping of grain and 
other mercantile adventures. His father 
had been prominent as a Whig and later 
as a Republican, and the young man was 
born into something of a political atmos- 
phere. Fountain county has always been 
normally Democratic and he learned politi- 
cal generalship in a hard school. In ls7n 
he was elected Auditor of the county and 
served creditably for four years. In 1880 
he was elected a delegate to the National 
Republican convention and supported 
Blaine until he was out of the race, when 
he fought and worked for Garfield. He 
was ever active and efficient in the move- 
ment for the nomination of Harrison, hut 
was one of the few Indiana Republicans 
who did not seek Federal appointment 
after Harrison's election. When the hard 
fought campaign was over Mr. Nebeker 
went about his business as usual. He 
was much surprised, in L891, when Presi- 
dent Harrison tendered him the responsi- 
ble office of Treasurer of the United States, 
and urged his acceptance. He accepted 
the office and administered it with great 
ability for more than two years, resigning 
June 1. 1893, because his own private 
business affairs were pressing upon his at- 
tention. Since then, while Mr. Xebeker 
has been very active in the politics of the 
State, he has steadfastly declined all ten- 
ders of further political honors. 

He was married in 1m',.",. in Covington, 
to Miss Mary F. Sewell and they have 
two children now grown. 



ARTHUE OVFKSTKEET. 

ARTHUK OVERSTREET, while he has lie- 
come a power in the Republican politics of 
Indiana, has earned his chief success in 
the field of business and his success is such 
as seldom comes to a man so early in life. 
He was born November 1. l s ti:',. the son 
of Gabriel M. Overstreet. a well-known 




O^PDaxa. . b ^^Joa^y. 



238 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



lawyer, of Franklin, Indiana. While Mr. 
Overstreet was ;i successful lawyer, the 
success of a country lawyer does not 
mean a great deal in hard cash and he had 
a large family to take care of. Thus it 
came about that the hoy early sought work 
to help himself gain an education. The 
blood of several generations of English an- 
cestry told in his pluck and perseverance. 
He worked at common laborina hardware 
store in Franklin until he went through 
the public schools of his native town and 
Franklin College. As soon as he got out 
of college lie began work as a shipping 
clerk for the American Starch Company 
at Columbus, Indiana. In L889 he he- 
came vice-president and general manager 
of the Indiana Starch Company at Frank- 
lin. In 1891 he became general superin- 
tendent of the starch company at Colum- 
bus and a few years later assumed control 
of the plant of the same concern at Wau- 
kegan, Illinois. A year later he became 
president of the < Irinoco Tannery Com- 
pany, at Columbus, and lias since operated 
a large tannery. Besides these tannery 
and starch interests Mr. Overstreet is a 
director of the First National Bank of 
Columbus, Indiana, and owns very exten- 
sive real estate holdings and other property 
in Columbus and several other places. 

In LS89 he was married to Hattie Fran- 
ces Crump, daughterof Francis T. Crump, 
one of the most prominent men in Bar- 
tholomew county. Their one child is 
Francis Monroe Overstreet, born in LS91. 

Mr. Overstreet has been active in poli- 
tics ever since he left college. Joining 
fortunes with the younger element among 
the Republicans of Bartholomew county 
he has devoted an enormous amount of 
energy, money and intelligent work to 
bring about the triumph of Republicanism 

and so effective have been the labors of 

himself and associates that Bartholomew 
county, which, six or seven years ago was 
counted one of the (iibraltars of the Indi- 
ana Democracy, has come to be looked 



upon as a fairly safe Republican county. 
In all this time Mr. Overstreet has never 
held any public office nor been a candidate 
for any nomination or appointment, hut has 

been content to work for his friends and 
for the principles of his party. There has. 
however, during the past twelve years, 
never been a city, county or State conven- 
tion but which he has not been a delegate 
and during these years he has served upon 
city and county committees year by year 
and is at present a member of the State 
advisory committee. 



WLSIFIELD TAYLOR DURBIN. 

Few men of Indiana have risen to 
higher position in the various walks of 
lite than Winfield Taylor Durbin. and 
what he has accomplished in the world 
has been accomplished by the exercise of 
indefatigable industry, hard common sense 
and a capacity for affairs. Mr. Durbin was 
born May 4, ls-17. at Lawrenceburg, End., 
the son of William S, Durbin, a tanner, in 
comfortable circumstances. He was edu- 
cated at the common schools of Washing- 
ton county. At the outbreak of the Civil 
War he enlisted in the Sixteenth Volunteer 
Infantry, but was refused muster by rea- 
son of an injury to bis arm received after 
his enlistment. As soon as this trouble was 
over here-enlisted in the 139th Indiana 
and served through the war as a member 
of Company K of that regiment. After 
the war he took a course in a commercial 
college at St. Louis, a thing he was ena- 
bled to do by saving the glue scraps, hair 
and other waste of the tannery and selling 
them. Before going to St. Louis he taught 
a few terms of common school in Wash- 
ington and Johnson counties. After re- 
turning from the commercial college he 
entered the wholesale dry goods store of 
Murphy. Johnson & Co., of Indianapolis, 
in L869, where he remained ten years, 
first as a bookkeeper and later as a confi- 
dential credit man In L879 he removed 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



239 



to Anderson, where he engaged in bank- 
ing and began to accumulate a considera- 
ble fortune. Upon the discovery of natu- 
ral gas he was one of the first to realize 
the great possibilities brought about by 
the cheap fuel and engaged in a number 
of manufacturing and mercantile enter- 
prises, all of which have proven success- 
ful, among them the Diamond Paper Com- 
pany, the J. W. Sefton Manufacturing 
Company and the Anderson Foundry and 
Machine Works. He was an ardent Re- 
publican from the time he enlisted in the 
Union army, and though he has risen very 
high in the councils of the party he has 
steadily declined to accept office. In 1892 
he was elected as a delegate to the National 
convention and was made chairman of the 
committee to notify Whitelaw Peid of his 
nomination as Vice-President. In 1896 
he was again elected as a delegate to the 
National convention at St. Louis. In 1890 
Mr. Durbin was made a member of the 
Republican State committee and served 
three years in that capacity. In 1894 he 
was made chairman of the executive 
committee of the State committee and 
served in that capacity four years. At 
the convention of 1S96 he was chosen as a 
member of the National committee from 
Indiana and participated prominently in 
the work of the National committee in 
that canrpaign. He has been prominent 
in the work of the Grand Army and is a 
Past Commander of Major May Post. He 
is also a Past Grand Commander of the 
Knights Templar of Indiana. He was 
married at Anderson, in 1875, to Miss 
Bertha McClelland, and they have one 
surviving son. Fletcher M. Durbin. 

Upon the outbreak of the Spanish war. 
in 1898, Governor Mount asked Mr. Dur- 
bin. who was a member of his staff with 
the title of Colonel, to go to Washington 
in behalf of the State to look after matters 
in connection with the enlistment of the 
troops. This work, requiring great discre- 
tion and ability, was done so promptly and 



thoroughly that when Indiana was given 
the privilege of furnishing the additional 
regiment Mr. Durbin was appointed Colo- 
nel of the 161st Indiana. Those who were 
not intimately acquainted with him natu- 
rally jumped to the conclusion that it was 
a political appointment and they predicted 
dire things as to the fate of the regiment. 
Even his best friends were agreeably sur- 
prised when the reports came that Colonel 
Durbin had the best regiment among the 
volunteers in Cuba. It was the best 
drilled, kept the best camp and had the 
best discipline. Colonel Durbin more than 
justified the wisdom of the Governor in 
making the appointment. When asked 
afterward to what he attributed his great 
success with the regiment, he replied 
simply: ••! went on the theory that plain, 
common sense and business principles 
would apply to military life as well as to 
anything else." In plain truth this may 
he taken as the secret of Colonel Durbin's 
success in business, and in politics as well 
as in war. 



G. A. CUNNINGHAM. 

George Albert Cunningham, one of 
the most prominent lawyers of Evansville. 
was born on a farm in Gibson county. In- 
diana, April 4. 1855. His father. Joseph 
Cunningham, and his mother. Mary Jane 
Arbuthnot Cunningham, were both natives 
of Gibson county, of Virginia stock. The 
boy was ambitious to take up the legal 
profession, and after going through the 
common schools of the county was sent 
to Asbury University. Afterwards he 
taught in the district schools of his native 
county until his removal to Evansville. in 
1877. He had studied law during all his 
spare time and was admitted to the bar in 
that year. He has given his time almost 
exclusively to his profession, and has risen 
to great prominence in it. His only pub- 
lic office was that of City Attorney to 
Evansville, in which he served from L893 



240 



IIISTOKY UK II I K REPUBLICAN PARTY 



to 1897. Hehas, however, been for a num- 
ber of years a member of the executive 
committee of the Vanderburgh county 
committee, and in L898 was made a mem- 
ber of the State committee for the first 
district. He has been active in the busi- 
ness affairs of his city, as well as in the 
legal profession, and is connected as at- 
torney and stockholder witli the First 
National Bank, the Evausville Gas and 
Electric Company, the A. W. Cook Brewing 
Company, and the E.. S. & N. Railway 
( !ompany. Mr. Cunningham was married 
in 1881 to Susan Shaw Garvin, and they 
have a charming family of three children. 



w. r. McClelland. 

William Robert McClelland is a 
native of Marion county, Indiana, the son 
of Jonathan I), and Elza J. McClelland. 
His father was born in Indiana while it was 
still a Territory and came to Marion county 
in L822, where he resided until his death. 
The subject of this sketch was educated in 
the public schools and reared on a farm. 
working hard to help his father make the 
payments upon the land. lie left the 
farm when twenty-two years old and went 
to Danville, where he was employed as a 
clerk in the store owned by his uncle. 
finally in 1^7."> engaging in business for 
himself, lie soon took an active interest 
in politics and was connected with the Re- 
publican county committee in many ways. 
serving as secretary and treasurer and 
member of the executive committee, lie 
was elected clerk of the county ill 1884 
and served until L888. In 1888 he was 
made a member of the advisory committee 
of the State committee and assisted ably 
in organizing the State Lincoln League, 
of which he served as treasurer for several 
years. During the war Mr. McClelland 
twice volunteered, but was rejected each 
time on account of ill health. However. 



he joined the State militia and served with 
an excellent record at the time of the Mor- 
gan raid. 

He was married at Danville, in 1872, 
to Sarah E. Nichols and has one son. 
Harry Nichols McClelland, aged fifteen 
years. He is a member of the Columbia 
and Marion Chilis of Indianapolis and of 
the Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias. 
In L894 Mr. McClelland was a candidate 
before the State convention for Clerk of 
the Supreme Court and made so strong a 
campaign for the nomination that in the 
Held of eight candidates he stood third. 
Though still a comparatively young man 
he has a large acquaintance and influence 
throughout the State and is universalry 
esteemed as one of the wisest and most 
conservative of the younger leaders of the 
party. 

WILLIAM ROBERT WOOD. 

William Robert Wood was horn at 
Oxford, Benton county. Indiana. January 
5, 1861. His father. Robert Wood, immi- 
grated from Yorkshire, England, and was 
by trade a harness maker. 

Young Wood received his education in 
the common and high schools of Oxford. 
His first occupation was that of a water 
carrier during the construction of the I.. 
M. & B. Railway. At the age of fourteen 
he was apprenticed to learn the harness 
maker's trade and at the age of seventeen 
he was a country school teacher. A year 
later he entered the law department of the 
University of Michigan, from which he 
graduated in 1882, at theageof twenty-one 
years. He immediately commenced the 
practice of law in the city of La Fayette, In- 
diana, associating himself with Judge W. 
DeWitt Wallace, in 1882, and later with 
Captain Bryan, of the same city. 

In 18S8 he was secretary of the Tippe- 
canoe county central committee and in 
1890 he was elected to the office of Prose- 
cuting Attorney and was re-elected in 







^J6f ff 7 ^^ 



^^t 



>K THK STATE ()K [Ml] ANA. 



24-1 



1892. Here his fearless and able prosecu- 
tion of the pleas of the State gave him a 
general reputation throughout the State. 

During' his term as Prosecuting At- 
torney the prosecution of the persons en- 
gaged in the Rudolph riots in LaFayette 
fell to him. The cases grew out of the con- 
flict between the Catholics and the A. I'. 
A.'sof tlie city. The hitter feeling which 
existed made the prosecution of these cases 
a dangerous duty. Because of the tireless 
energy with which Mr. Wood prosecuted 
the defendants he became a target for per- 
sonal abuse. During the trials hi' received 
many anonymous letters threatening his 
life, hut he did not abate his vigorous pros- 
ecution until the parties charged were con- 
victed. 

Mr. Wood has been a leading Republi- 
can campaign speaker since the Blaine 
campaign, in 1S84-, since which time he 
has been an eloquent and fearless advocate 
of the principles and policies of the party. 
In 1894 he was a candidate for Congress 
in theold ninth district. Among hiscom- 
petitors in the convention were Hon. 
Joseph B. Cheadle, Capt. W. W. Hart, of 
Frankfort; Hon. Thomas B. Boyd, of No- 
hlesville. and tlie Hon. J. Frank Hanly, 
with whom he is now associated in the 
practice of law in the city of LaFayette. 

Mi-. Wood led in the face for ninety- 
two ballots and several times came within 
six votes of being nominated. Mr. Hanly 
was nominated on the ninety-third ballot, 

having received the support of Mr. W 1 

anil his friends. 

In IS'.m; Mr. Wood was elected to the 
State Senate to till the unexpired term of 
W. S. Haggard, and in 1898 he was re- 
elected. In the legislature of 1897 he intro- 
duced and successfully carried through the 
bill in aid of the State Soldiers' Home, rais- 
ing a per capita allowance for the support 
of the inmates. He was instrumental in 
getting through the same legislature an 
appropriation for the erection of several 
new buildings for the Home. 



In the Senate he had the reputation of 
a conservative representative of the people, 
with other than mere political reasons for 
voting for or against a measure. He made 
an enviable record as a lawmaker. 

He is loyal to the principles of his party 
and is always found in the forefront of its 
battles. Ileisal present a successful law- 
yer, with a lucrative practice — a member of 
the firm of Hanly ec Wood. He has been 
attorney for the Citizens Building and 
Loan Association, of LaFayette, Indiana, 
since its organization in 1887. 

He is a memberof the Lincoln Club, of 
the National Union and of the Independ- 
ent Order of Foresters. He is also a Ma- 
son, a Knight of Pythias and an Elk. 

As a lawyer he is brilliant and success- 
ful and for twelve years has held a front 
place at the LaFayette liar. Quick and 
accurate of conception, his power as an 
advocate makes him a formidable trial 
lawyer. He has little fondness for details, 
yet he is also master of the salient features 
of his cause. He chooses the battlefield 
and his antagonist must he adroit indeed 
if the fight is not conducted on the ground 
selected. Almost without notes he will 
present to the jury, in persuasive, convinc- 
ing eloquence, every scrap of material evi- 
dence adduced at the trial, though the 
taking of testimony may have consumed 
days and even weeks. 

Impulsive ami sympathetic, lie possesses 
a keen sense of the humorous. On the 
stump and in the forum he weaves into 
the woof and warp of his argument threads 
of the sublime and the ridiculous so rap- 
idly and so deftly as to evoke from jury or 
audience tears and laughter in quick suc- 
cession. 

Socially he is a success. He makes 
friends and keeps them. His temper is 
quick, but his anger soon cools. Malice is 
absolutely foreign to his nature. A blow 
received is returned instantly or not at all. 
Generous to a fault, he is frank and cour- 



242 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



He was married in 1883 to Miss Mary 
E. Geiger, of LaFayette, Indiana. No 
children have been bora to them. Mrs. 
Wood has shared his every ambition and 
lias been his constant and faithful help- 
meet in every enterprise of his life. She 
has made of his home a refuge to which 
he can retreat from the turmoil of business 
and the storm of politics with the assur- 
ance of finding rest and sympathy. What- 
ever his success in life may be she will 
have been the principal factor in its final 
quotient. For him the future is a golden 
promise. 

ELISHA MARMADUKE HOBBS. 

Elisha Marmaduke Hobbs was horn 
on a farm near Salem. tnd., November 5, 
1858, the son of Dr. Seth and Elizabeth 
Ann Hobbs. His ancestors migrated to 
this State from North Carolina, and were 
of English-Quaker descent. After com- 
pleting a common school education, Mr. 
Hobbs graduated from the State Normal, 
at Terre Haute, in L882. Prof. Hobbs 
taught eleven years in the State. As a 
teacher and superintendent he was quite 
successful, and his work constantly secured 
him better positions. In 1890 he pur- 
chased the farm of his nativity, one of 
the best in the county, which he has been 
successfully operating. For years Prof. 
Hobbs has been a close student of the 
natural sciences. Chemistry, botany, zo- 
ology and geology have had their claim 
upon his time and responded with pleasure 
and profit. The application of these 
sciences in the solution of agricultural 
problems has been a favorable object. 
The soil, its formation, constituents, defi- 
ciencies, etc.. has been a practical theme 
presented to many farmers' institutes in 
the State. For the last four years he has 
been constantly traveling over Indiana 
and is well posted on the various geologi- 
cal formations found in the State. He 
has gathered specimens of greal variety 
from nearly all counties in the State. He 



and his brother, Dr. II. C. Hobbs, have 
long been recognized as leaders of the Re- 
publican party in Washington county. In 
1892 Prof. Hobbs was a candidate for his 
party for Washington and Floyd counties, 
thus acting as leader for the forlorn hope 
in a district with a tremendous Demo- 
cratic majority In L898 he made a very 
strong canvass for the nomination for State 
Geologist, a, position he is peculiarly fitted 
by observation and study to till. 

Prof. Hobbs was married in 1886 to 
Miss Anna Casper, of Salem, and they 
have three children. 



JOHN P. GRIFFITHS. 

There is no corner in Indiana where the 
eloquence of John P. Griffiths is not 
known and admired. His oratory is recog- 
nized as of the highest order, not mere 
declamation nor the putting together of 
flowers of speech. Depth of thought and 
keenness of logic mark his speeches no less 
than eloquence of expression. It is small 
wonder that Republican county chairmen 
throughout Indiana are anxious for 
speeches from Mr. (iriffiths, for it is not 
too much to say that in every campaign 
for eighteen years he has made many con- 
verts to Republicanism. 

John Pewis Griffiths was born October 
7. 1855. in New York City. His father. 
David Griffiths, was a prosperous dry 
goods merchant of sturdy Welsh stock. 
The son attended 1 he public schools of New 
York City, and later removed to Iowa, 
graduating from the University of Iowa 
with the degree of A. P>. in 1*74. The 
following year he took the law lectures of 
the university and was given the degree 
of bachelor of laws. Immediately after 
his graduation he removed to Indianapolis, 
and. in ls77. commenced the practice of 
law. Mr. Griffiths has been very success 
ful in his profession and his forensic repu- 
tation has earned him no less prominence 
than his oratorical ability. In 1889 Mr. 



•_'44 



HISTOKY OF THE REIT HI.K A X PARTY 



Griffiths was married to Miss Caroline H. 
Henderson, of La Fayette, a woman whose 
brilliance and mental qualities make her a 
fitting helpmeet and companion. Ever 
since their marriage Mr. and Mrs. (Irif- 
fitlis have been prominent in the social 
and literary life of Indianapolis. 

Mr. Griffiths became interested in poli- 
tics shortly after opening his law office 
and his ability soon attracted attention. 
He was asked by the State committee, in 
L880, to take the stump and he rendered 
invaluable service in that remarkable cam- 
paign. Since then he has been in great 
demand in every political contest and has 
freely given his time and ability to the 
party. His fame as an orator is by no 
means hounded by the State and his cam- 
paign tours have included ( Ihio, Vermont, 
Maine, New York, Kentucky and New 
Jersey. He has held office hut twice. In 
1887 he became a member of the State 
legislature and distinguished himself by 
making a hard tight to place the State 
benevolent institutions upon a non-parti- 
san hasis. Though unsuccessful at that 
time Mr. (Iriffitlis never lost interest in 
the subject hut continued to he one of the 
most active champions of non-partisan con- 
trol until it was finally accomplished a few 
years ago. While serving in this session 
of the legislature Mr. Griffiths made a 
brilliant address seconding the nomination 
of General Harrison for the United States 
Senate. In 1888 he was nominated for 
Reporter of the Supreme Court and his 
wide personal popularity added great 
strength to the State ticket. He was 
elected and served until January 13, 1893. 
In 188(5 Mr. (Iriffitlis was the choice of a 
very large number of people for the Guber- 
natorial nomination and his friends made 
such a determined fight for him that he 
came near winning in a field of fourteen 
candidates. 

As an incident to Ins public and pro- 
fessional career Mr. (iriffitlis has gained 
not a little reputation in the literary 



world. He is a member of all the prom- 
inent literary and social ohihs of Indi- 
anapolis and some of his essays, be- 
fore these organizations upon topics of 
general interest, have been models of style 
and thought. It has been given to very 
few young men to accomplish more and 
his work as a leader of men and moulder 
of thought is hut fairly begun. 



JULIAN D. HOGATE. 

Julian D. Hog ate is known from one 
end of Indiana to the other as one of the 
most enterprising and successful Repub- 
lican editors of the State, and is one of the 
most conservative and substantia] of the 
younger Republican leaders. He was horn 
at Danville. Indiana. October, 14. 1868, 
the son of Charles F. and Sarah E. 
Hogate. His father was of English de- 
scent and had come to Indiana from New 
Jersey. Here he had prospered and was a 
man of considerable political prominence, 
having served as collector of Internal Rev- 
enue for the sixth district. Julian was 
given an excellent education at DePauw 
University. After completing his college 
course he taught school for a few terms 
and then purchased the Hendricks < 'ounty 
Republican. It was already a good weekly 
newspaper when he purchased it. hut he 
has steadily improved it until it is now 
one of the best and one of the most pros- 
perous in Indiana. While Mr. Hogate 
has never thought of seeking office, he 
has been active and influential in the pol- 
itics of Hendricks county for a number of 
years, serving as secretary of the county 
committee in 1890, L894, L896 and 1898. 
He has also served frequently as delegate 
to State and other conventions. He is a 
member of the Knights of Pythias, Masons, 
and various clubs and societies. He was 
married at Danville. October ">. 1893, to 
Miss Etta B. Craven, and they have one 
child. Kenneth C. Hogate. 



OF THE STATE (IE INDIANA 



Ml 



JAMES B. BLACK. 

It is seldom that it falls to the lot of 
men to achieve a career of such varied 
distinction as that of James B. Black, 
who as soldier, lawyer and jurist has 
carved out for himself a place of enviable 
eminence. 

James B. Black was horn at Morris- 
town. New Jersey. July 21, L838. He is of 
Scotch-Irish descent, his parents. Michael 
and Jane Whitsides Black, having mi- 
grated from the north of Ireland. His 
father was a highly respected minister of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, attached 
to the North Indiana and the Southeast 
Indiana conferences. James came to In- 
diana in his eighth year. He taught 
school at the age of sixteen. With means 
thus earned he attended Asbury Uni- 
versity, at Greencastle, and the State 
University at Bloomington. While a 
member of the junior class and a tutor at 
the latter institution, he enlisted in April, 
1861, as a private soldier in the first com- 
pany of the Union troops organized in 
Monroe county. He was at first con- 
nected with the Fourteenth Indiana Infan- 
try as a Sergeant in ( 'ompany K, hut before 
that regiment went to the front he was 
transferred to the Eighteenth Indiana 
Infantry, and became a Second Lieuten- 
ant. He went to the field in Missouri 
as First Lieutenant of Company H of that 
regiment. He was afterward commis- 
sioned and mustered as Captain and Major, 
and was also commisioned as Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the same regiment. He served 
as a soldier for three years and eight 
months, and was in many campaigns. 
He was under Fremont. Hunter. Curtis 
and Davidson in Missouri and Arkansas. 
He was with the Thirteenth Army Corps 
in the Vicksburg campaign, battles and 
siege, and after tin- surrender of that 
place, accompanied the same corps to the 
Gulf Department, serving in the cam- 
paigns on the Teche and upon the coast of 
Texas, and taking part in the capture of 



Aransas Pass and Fort Esperanza. In the 
winter of 1863-64 lie served for some 
months as Judge Advocate of General 
Courts Martial on Matagorda Island, and 
at Indianola. At the latter place hisregi- 
ment -'veteranized." In June. IS64-, he 
returned to Indiana with his regiment on 
its veteran furlough of thirty days, at the 
expiration of which he went with his 
command to Virginia. After a short 
service at Deep Bottom, on the James 
river, in Grant's Petersburg campaign, 
the regiment having been transferred 
to the Nineteenth Army Corps, re- 
turned to Washington, and thence pro- 
ceeded to the Shenandoah Valley and took 
pai't in all the battles of Sheridan's cam 
paign there. He became a resident of 
Indianapolis in 1865, and studied law in 
the office of Porter, Harrison & Fishback, 
and in the law school conducted by Hon. 
David .McDonald. Judge of the United 
States District Court of Indiana. Mr. 
Black was admitted to the bars of Marion 
county, the Supreme Court and the United 
States Courts in I S66, and formed a part- 
nership with Judge Byron K. Elliott, 
which continued until 1869. In 1868 he 
was nominated upon the Republican State 
ticket and elected as Reporter of the 
Supreme Court of Indiana as the suc- 
cessor of Hon. Benj. Harrison. He was 
re-elected in 1872, and served two terms 
in this office, publishing twenty-four vol- 
umes of reports of the decisions of the 
Supreme Court, volumes thirty to fifty- 
three inclusive. In 1^7 7 he resumed the 
practice of the law. Upon the organiza- 
tion of the ( 'eiitral Law School of Indiana, 
in I S79. he became a member of the faculty. 
He has also been a lecturer in other law 
schools. In L882 he was appointed by the 
Supreme Court as a member of the 

Supreme Court Commission, to succ 1 

Commissioner Horatio C. Newcomb, and 
he served in that capacity for three years, 
until the expiration of the Commission. 
He then again resumed the practice, and. 



24:6 



HlSToKV OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 




S^^9f, 



election. In 1875 he received the hon- 
orary degree of Master of Arts from the 
Indiana University. He is a meniher of 
the college fraternity of the Beta Theta 
I'i. and is a Master Mason. He belongs 
to the Indianapolis Literary Club, is 
president of the Shakespeare Clnb, of In- 
dianapolis, and is a member of various 
other organizations. He is a member of 
the military order of the Loyal Legion of 
the United States, insignia 7,040. He is 
also a member of the George II. Thomas 
Post, No. 17, Department of Indiana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, of which 
post he is a Past Commander. He was in- 
strumental in the organization of the 
Board of Visitors for this department of 
the G. A. R. to the Indiana Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Home, in 1886, and was a mem- 
ber and the president of that hoard for 
many rears. 



while so engaged, also prepared Black's 
Indiana Digest of the Decisions of the 
Supreme Court, published in 1889. He 
served for a period in L890 and 1891, as a 
member of the Board of School Commis- 
sioners, of the city of Indianapolis, having 
been elected to the office by the hoard. 
Upon the creation of the Appellate Court 
he was appointed one of its judges by (4ov- 
erner Alvin P. Hovey, in March, 1891. At 
the organization of the court, though 
third in the order of seniority, he was 
chosen by the other members of the bench 
Chief Judge for the first term. At the 
Republican State convention of L892 he 
was nominated as the candidate for Judge 
of the Appellate Court for his judicial dis- 
trict, but was defeated with the other Re- 
publican nominees upon the ticket at the 
election. In 1896 he was again nomin- 
ated for the Appellate bench, and this 
time the party was successful. He was 
again upon the Republican State ticket for 
the same office in 1898, and was again 
elected, and he is now serving under that 



GEORGE WASHINGTON CROMER. 

One of Indiana's representatives in the 
present Congress of the United States, 
whose brilliant victory in the campaign of 
1898 won him fame in all parts of the 
State, is George Washington Cromer 
The struggle in his district, the eighth, 
was a fierce one, tint Mr. Cromer tri- 
umphed by a handsome majority. His 
election to the Lower House of Congress 
is but another step higher in a brilliant 
political career. All he has secured in 
life, as a lawyer, and later as a popular 
and successful candidate, is due to his 
tireless industry and energy. 

Mr. Cromer was horn on a farm in 
Madison county. May 13, 1856. His 
father, Josiah Cromer, descended from a 
family of long lived and thrifty agricul- 
turists. With the exception of a short stay 
in the common schools, he worked on the 
farm until of age and then began to edu- 
cate himself, with a little assistance from 
his father. He attended Wittenberg Col- 
lege, at Springfield, Ohio, and later en- 
tered the Indiana State University, from 



(IF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



247 



which he graduated in 1882 with the de- 
gree of A. B. In 1884 he began to read 
law. and here his progress was so rapid 
that in 1886 lie was elected Prosecuting 
Attorney of the forty-sixth judicial cir- 
cuit, and re-elected in 1S88. He was 
elected Mayor of the city of Muncie, in 
ls!i+. by the largest majority ever given 
anyone tor that office. As one of Muncie's 
most efficient executives, he attained the 
wonderful popularity which insured his 
success in his Congressional campaign in 
1898. He is especially popular with the 
working men, who respect and trust him 
as one of their best friends 

Mr. Cromer was married in the sum- 
mer of 1895 to Miss Francis J. Soule. He 
.is a member of the orders B. J'. 0. Elks, 
K. of P.. I. O. 0. F.. and I. 0. R. M. 

Mr. Cromer lias rendered valuable and 
efficient services to his party in many ways. 
He was chairman of the Delaware county 
Republican committee in 1892, was 
elected to the State committee in 1892, 
and re-elected in 1894, in all of which 
positions he served with great credit. 

C. F. HEILMAN. 

Charles Frederick Heilman. one of 
the most prominent and enterprising 
young business men of Evans ville. as well 
as one of the most influential Republicans 
of the first district, was horn at Evans- 
ville. December 9, 1871. His father. 
William Heilman. was one of the weal- 
thiest men of Evansville and had been 
identified for years with the development 
of the city. He was interested in a hank, 
a number of manufacturing enterprises 
and railroads and had represented the dis- 
trict in Congress a number of times as a 
Republican, though it was normally Demo- 
cratic. The subject of this sketch was 
educated in the common schools of Evans- 
ville and given a thorough business train- 
ing. Upon the death of his father, in 
1890, he undertook the management of 




the great estate left by Mr. Heilman. and 
lias managed it with care and ability. 
He has been active and influential in 
county and city politics and has been a 
delegate to every State convention that 
has been held since he became a voter. 
He is secretary of the Evansville Cotton 
Manufacturing Company and one of the 
directors of the Vanderburg Club. 



EDWARD EVERETT NEAL. 

Hon. Edward Everett Xeal. one of 
the most prominent of the younger mem- 
bers of the legislature of 1S99, was horn 
May 18, 1864, at Deming, Hamilton 
county. Indiana. His father was Rev. 
Jabez Neal, a Methodist minister, and one 
of the famous pioneer preachers of Indiana. 
A man of Irish descent, he was possessed 
of great natural ability and was an elo- 
quent and forceful pulpit orator. His wife 
was Mary E. Bowman, a most estimable 
woman of Scotch ancestry. Their son was 
given an academic education and then be- 
gan teaching in a common school. Later 



248 IIISTOKY OF THE REPUBLICAN PART? 

he was appointed Deputy Auditor of Ham- The father, Levi Beern, grew from 

i 1 1 • >i i county, and at twenty obtained an childhood to manhood amid these sur- 

appointment in the Adjutant-General's roundings and married Sarah Johnson, 

office at Washington. While there he whose father had come from Ohio and 

went through the National University Law taken up land adjoining the Beem family. 

School and later took a year of study in They lived a happy ami successful lite. 

Europe. Returning he took a position as rearing a family of twelve children, of 

proof reader on the Chicago Herald. In whom the subject of this sketch was the 

L 890 he returned to Noblesville and began sixth. David E. was horn on the farm 

the practice of law and later was ap- June 24, 1837, and continued there until 

pointed official stenographer of the Ham- nineteen years of aye. taking advantage of 

ilton County Circuit Court, a position such education as the common schools 

which he still holds. < >n November 23. offered and putting in much of his time in 

lss?. he was married to Miss Lula E. the rugged work of the fanner's boy. He 

1 »urfee, of Noblesville, and they have three was ambitious, however, for a higher edu- 

daughters. cation, and what the common schools 

Mr. Xeal has been active in the Repub- kicked he made up in study at home until 

Iican politics of Hamilton county and has he was able to pass an examination for 

given particular attention to the Republi- tne State University, which he entered in 

can League organization; beginning as a 1856, graduating in L860. All during his 

county organizer he was later made district college course he continued to put in every 

secretary and was unanimously elected moment of leisure he could get in the 

State secretary of the league in 1897. In stu,1 . v nt ' 1; iw. and thus was admitted to 

1898 he was nominated and elected to the tne bar in 1860. 

Legislature as Representative of Hamilton He had just formed a partnership 

county, and during his service there made with Hon. Samuel 11. Buskirk that 

an excellent record as a man of patriotic promised great things when the War 

motive, keen intelligence and sound com- of the Rebellion broke out and he threw 

mon sense. up unhesitatingly all his prospects and 

hastened to volunteerfor the Union arm) - . 

He was the first man in Owen county to 

DAVID E. BEEM. respond to the President's call for troops 

Judge David E. Beem has long enjoyed and assisted in tl rganization of the first 

the distinction of being the undisputed company there raised. On April 18, 1861, 
leader of the Republican party in Owen he enlisted as First Sergeant in this corn- 
county, hut above and beyond that he has pany. It had been raised in response to 
enjoyed that very general popularity, re- the call lor three months" troops, hut. as 
spect and esteem that comes to the man who the quota for Indiana was already filled. 
lives a clean life and uses the high abilities it was finally mustered into service for 
with which nature has endowed him for the three years as Company H of the Four- 
betterment of humanity. Daniel Beem, his teenth Indiana Volunteers, (in the loth 
greatgrandfather, came to Indiana Terri- day of July the regiment arrived at Fich 
foiy in 1810 and lived in a stockade foil. Mountain. Va.. and composed the reserve 
near Brownstown. Jackson county. After force during the battle nexl day at that 
the close of the War of 1812 the family set- place, joining in the pursuit of the Rebels 
fled in Owen county, taking up the land after thai successful engagement as far as 
where the thriving city of Spencer now Cheat Mountain. Va. The regiment re- 
stands, mained there until October, LS61, In 




0&~O/Lric{ E>, '*Ljuv^ 



OF THE STATE < >F INDIANA. 249 

August, 1861, Sergeant Beem was pro L870 he organized the banking firm of 
moted to First Lieutenanl of his company. Beem, Peden & ('<>.. and lias been its man- 
After having participated in numerous aging member continuously to the present 
skirmishes, and having endured many time. In L873 he embarked in the pork 
hardships through the winter of LS61-62, packing business ai Spencer, but the same 
the regiment was transferred to the Shen- did not prove to be a success as the business 
andoah Valley, and took an active part in of summer packing resulted in destroying 
the battle nf Winchester on March 23, country packing houses, and the business 
1862, where Lieutenant Beem received a was concentrated in the large cities, 
severe wound in thechin. ( »n a surgeon's David E. Beem has held no public officeof 
certificate, he received a. sixty days' leave consequence, hut has always been an active 
of absence and returned home. At the and zealous member of the Republican 
expiration of his leave he rejoined his com- party. He served his party as chairman 
mand, and in May, I S62, was promoted to of its county central committee during 
Captain, which position he held until the three political campaigns. In LSSOhe was 
expiration nt' his term of service in June a delegate from the fifth Congressional 
1864. district in the Republican National con- 
After arduous and faithful service in vention, which met in Chicago, and after 
the Shenandoah Valley, Captain Beem's voting thirty-four times for James G. 
command was transferred in July. LS62, Blaine he finally cast his vote for James 
to the Army of the Potomac, and from A.. Garfield for t he nomination for Presi- 
that date to the expiration of its term dent. 

of service the Fourteenth Indiana In- '" |sss he was chosen Presidential 
fantry participated in all the great Elector for his Congressional district, and 
battles fought by that army. A1 An- in the electoral college voted for Benjamin 
tietam, Captain Beem's company lost. Harrison for President. He was in L8S6 
in killed and mortally wounded, just ;1 candidate before the Republican State 
one-sixth of its number; and at Fred convention for the nomination of Treas- 
ericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, urer of State, but was not successful. 
Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and many although he received votes from sixty- 
minor engagements, in all of which he three counties. He served for many 
borea part, the Fourteenth Indiana fairly years as School Trustee, and as such aided 

earned its reputation as a fighting regi- in organizing the graded and high scl Is 

ment In August, 1863, the regiment "'' Spencer, now anion- the besl in the 

was sent to New York to aid in quelling State, and was largely instrumental in 

the draft riots which occurred there at causing the construction of the high 

that time. The number of officers and school building, which is the pride of the 

men killed in battle, or who died from town. 

wounds received in battle in Captain In I860 he united with the Metho- 

Beem's company, was nineteen, (inly two disl Episcopal Church, of which he has 

of this number were killed while the Cap- been an active member ever since. He 

tain was not on duty with and in command represented the Indiana Conference as a 

of the company. On his return from the lay delegate in the general conference of 

service. Captain Beem resumed the prac- the M. F. Church which met in New York 

tice of law at Spencer, in which he has May. 1SSS. 

continued until the present time. Captain Beem is proud <'( the fad that 

Mi'. Beem has been foremost in the busi- he was a soldier in the Union army. 

ness and local enterprise of his town. In and takes -real interest in the Grand 



HISTORY OK THK REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Army of the Republic. He is a char- 
ter member of the Gettysburg Post at 
Spencer, and was its firsi commander. 
Be attends almost all of the department 
and National encampments of the Order, 
and has served as judge advocate of the 
department in Indiana. 

He is nmv and for eight years has Keen 
a member of the Board of Trustees of 
Purdue University. 

In L 862 he was married to Miss Mahala 
Joslin, daughter of Dr. Amasa Joslin, one 
of the pioneer physicians of Spencer. 
They have been Messed with three chil- 
dren, all of whom survive, to-wit: Minnie 
Montrose, now wife of Rev. Robb Zaing; 
Levi A. and David J. Mrs. Beeni is a 
devoted and consistent member of the M. 
E. Church, and is active and useful in 
church, benevolent and charitable work. 



GEO. A. H. SHIDELER. 

No more popular appointment has been 
made in Indiana for years than that of 
Geo. A. H. Shideler as warden of the 
State prison at Michigan City. Mr. Shi- 
deler's first appearance in State politics was 
when, in 1897, he came as a member of the 
legislature from Grant county. Young, 
level headed and kindly natured, he made 
friends everywhere and those who first 
liked him simply as a good fellow soon 
learned to admire him as a man of sound 
judgment, high motives and keen intelli- 
gence. Mr. Shideler was horn at Jones- 
boro, Grant county. November 23, 1st',:;. 
His father. 1). B. Shideler, is now one of 
the best known citizens of Indianapolis, 
having been for many years State Mana- 
ger for the Equitable Life Insurance 
Society. His mother was Sarah J. Evis- 
ton. a daughter of Elias Eviston. Mr. 
Shideler's grandparents came from Preble 
county. Ohio, in 1836 and lived for fifty- 
two years in Grant county. His maternal 
grandparents were from Virginia. The 
voung man was educated in the village 



schools of Jonesboro, and at fourteen years 
came to Indianapolis to make his fortune. 
Ee found employment as a cash hoy in 
one of the leading dry goods stores. Two 
years later he was promoted to the position 
of salesman. From here he went into the 
wholesale dry goods house of Byron & 
Cornelius, and at twenty became a travel- 
ing salesman for the firm. Four years 
later he assisted in the organization of the 
Marion Flint Class Company, and was 
elected secretary of the corporation, a 
position which he still holds, though it is 
probable that his holdings in the company 
will he disposed of within a few months. 
Mr. Shideler was elected in the legisla- 
ture in the autumn of 1 s'.iti and during 
his first session made a reputation that 
was State wide. He was chairman of the 
committee on prisons, and a member of 
the ways and means committee. He went 
into both subjects with great thoroughness. 
At the close of the session Gov. Mount ap- 
pointed him one of the Trustees of the 
Reform School at Plainfield. and this led 
to a further study of prison matters upon 
his part. He returned to the legislature 
of 1899 fully equipped as one of the best 
informed men in either house on prison 
legislation, and it was largely due to his 
efforts that Indiana took very advanced 
ground in the treatment of her criminals. 
He also made a great fight for the medical 
profession in putting through both houses 
an act licensing physicians. 

When, in August. 1899, Charley Har- 
ley. warden of the State prison, tendered 
his resignation, the board looked anxiously 
over the State to find the best man to suc- 
ceed him. They elected Mr. Shideler and 
their selection met with universal appro- 
bation from both parties. A young man 
of clean character, unquestioned integrity 
and zealous enthusiasm, endowed with an 
enormous amount of sound common sense, 
nobody questions that he will make a 
model head for the great institution of 
which he is to have charge. 



OP THK STATE OF INDIANA. 



james m Mcintosh. 

James MartindaleMcIntosh, withone 
short term in the legislature, succeeded in 

making- himself one of the most popular 
and influential young Republicans of In- 
diana. He was horn at Connersville, Indi- 
ana. November 14. l s "»s. His father. 
JamesC. Mcintosh, was an attorney whose 
fame spread throughout Southeastern Indi- 
ana. He was a man high up in the coun- 
cils of the Methodist Church. He was a 
trustee of Asbury University (now De 
Pauw) and was twice a delegate to the 
general conferences of the M. E. Church. 
The young man was educated at Asbury 
University and began life as a clerk in the 
Citizens' Bank at Connersville. In 1882 
he began the practice of law at Con- 
nersville. which he still continues very 
successfully. In 1892 he was chosen as 
cashier of the First National Bank of 
Connersville. resuming the practice again 
in 1895. He is also a stockholder and 
officer in various manufacturing con- 
cerns. He early began to take an active 
interest in the success of the Republican 
party and has been chairman of the Fay- 
ette county central committee for twelve 
or thirteen years. In 1886 he was elected 
Mayor of the City of Connersville and at 
the close of this term, in L890, was made 
Clerk of the Fayette Circuit Court, in 
which capacity he served until 1 *'.»+. In 
this year he was elected joint Representa- 
tive in the legislature and there made a 
splendid record. He was one of the most 
efficient members of the ways and means 
committee that put the finances of Indi- 
ana upon a sound business basis and re- 
duced the expenditures of the State to less 
than its income. It was he who suc- 
ceeded in pushing through the legislature 
the educational tax bill which placed the 
higher educational institutions of the State 
upon an independent basis and provided 
for them an ample income without the 
necessity of lobbying in every legislature. 
He was married to Miss Anna L. Pepper 



at Connersville in IS90 and they have four 
children. Socially. Mr. Mcintosh is one 
of the most likeable of men. He is a 
member of a number of clubs and frater- 
nities and counts his friends throughout 
Indiana by the hundred. 



DAN WAUGH. 

Happy is the man who so shapes his life 
that he can look hack along its whole 
course and find there no blemish of word 
or deed, who knows that he has clung to 
his ideals of cleanliness, courage and man- 
liness, and who at the end conies down the 
shady side of life safe in the affection and 
respect of all who have known him. Such 
has been the simple life story of Judge 
Dan Waugh. who. though a Republican 
or Republican in principle, has lived his 
life in the Democratic stronghold of Tipton 
county, and lived it so well that he counts 
among his friends and supporters men of 
all parties and of all conditions. Mr. 
Waugh was born in Wells county, Indiana. 
March 7. 1842, the son of Archibald B. 
and Nancy Waugh. His father was a 
farmer in fairly good circumstances, and 
he educated the boy at a private school in 
Wells county. His early life was spent in 
farming, teaching common schools, and 
studying law at such spare times as he 
could catch. Just as he was upon tin 
threshold of life the Civil War broke out. 
and he enlisted as a private in C< impany A i if 
the Thirty-fourth Indiana, where he served 
with courage and credit for three years. 
Returning home he resumed the study of 
law. was dually admitted to the bar. and 
began practicing in Tipton. He practiced 
law as he did everything else, exercising 
conscientious care, force of character and 
fidelity in handling his cases. In lss-t he 
was elected Judge of the thirty-sixth judi- 
cial circuit and served until IS90. In LS90 
he was a candidate for the Congressional 
nomination in the old ninth district. He 



HISTORY <iK THE REPUBLICAN l'\i:n 



\v;is successful in one of the most memor- 
able conventions the district has ever held. 
There was a large field of candidates when 
the convention met at Eokomo, and the 
balloting seemed endless. Thequiel stav- 
ing qualities of Judge Waugh and his 
unblemished reputation stood him well in 
need iii fhis contest, and when the break- 
up came he was nominated by acclamation, 
and out of the whole field of candidates 
no other could have been chosen whose 
success would have caused such general 
satisfaction among his opponents. He 
was easily elected and made an excellent 
record in Congress. Two years later lie 
was renominated without opposition and 
again elected, and this process mighl have 
continued indefinitely, but for the fact that 
he declined to stand for the third nomina- 
tion, preferring to resume the practice of 
law. Mr. Waugh was married in 1^70. 
at Tipton, to Miss Alice E. Grove, and 
they have a family of three charming 
daughters. 



GEN. LEW WALLACE. 

No name in American literature and 
few. if any. in American military and 
diplomatic history are better known than 
that of Gen. Lew Wallace. It is doubt- 
ful if any writer of the present century 
has won so wide a circle of readers in the 
various lands and languages of the earth, 
as has the author of Hen Hur. With the 
reverent touch of a master hand he has 
succeeded as no other man has in invad- 
ing the precincts of our most sacred his- 
tory and has written a story that has 
touched the hearts and held the attention 
of millions. It is but one man in thou 
sands that succeeds in achieving high dis- 
tinction in one line of activity, and when 

lie does he is content to rest his repnta 

tioii upon this achievement, but not so 
Genera] Wallace. His name as a soldier 
in commaud of armies, and as a success- 
ful diplomat shines with a lustre scarcely 
less brilliant than his name as an author. 



In the early days of Indiana. Brook- 
ville, now a little, sleepy old town among 
the hills of Franklin county, was one of 
the foremost centres of culture and refine- 
ment in the West. Here Lew Wallace 
was born April In. L827, and began a 
life of romance and success that would, if 
written in a novel, immediately be pro 
nounced by the critics as preposterous and 
beyond belief. His father was David Wal- 
lace, one of the foremost men of the State, 
who. ten years after the birth of his son, was 
elected Governor of Indiana. His mother 
was Miss Esther Test, a daughter of Judge 
Test, whose name figures largely in the 
judicial and political history of Indiana. 
She died when her son was ten years of 
age and from that time on the boy impa- 
tiently threw off control or restraint of 
any kind. But endowed with the best 
blood of the State and a pure heart his 
unlimited liberty, instead of leading him 
into regretable ways of life, simply gave 
freedom and scope to his boyish imagina- 
tion and aspirations. He loved the woods 
anil the fields. To him nature was an 
open book, a book of infinite variety and 
never ending interest. Though an omni- 
verous reader in his father's varied and 
extensive library he was utterly impatient 
of the dull routine of the school room, and 
though he started into school time and 
again it is doubtful whether in his whole 
lite he received more than two full years 
of school i nst ruction. Nevertheless he pre- 
pared himself for college and entered 
Wabash, but found there the same unen- 
durable restraint and his stay was brief. 
Yet it must not be thought that he grew 
up without education. Governor Wallace 
was a man of broad learning and culture 
and the boy was surrounded at all times 
with people of education and refinement. 
After leaving college he came to Indi- 
anapolis and began the study of law in bis 
father's office, hut lie had the artistic 
temperament and the law was drudgery. 
From earlv childhood he had shown a 



•254 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



great aptitude for drawing and the ambi- 
tion of his life was to become an artist. 
The flyleaves of his law bonks were cov- 
ered, as had been those of his school 
books, with clever sketches and carica- 
tures. But art in the West was in a 
crude state and fortunately there was no 
opportunity for him to cultivate his talent 
in this direction. Yet at odd times, dur- 
ing his subsequent life, he bad returned 
to it merely for recreation and has pro- 
duced a few pictures in oil that would 
readily have won him more than a 
local reputation as an artist, bad this work 
not been so greatly overshadowed by his 
achievements in other fields. 

When he was nineteen, and still en- 
gaged in the study of law in Indianapolis, 
the Mexican war broke out. The mil- 
itary instinct of bis race was strong 
within him and he immediately dropped 
bis studies and enlisted with the First 
Indiana. He soon distinguished himself 
and was commissioned as Second Lieuten- 
ant and later won promotion to a First 
Lieutenancy. It was during bis experience 
in the field that be learned from a com- 
rade, whose home was in Crawfordsville, 
of the existence of Susan Elston, daughter 
of a banker at Crawfordsville, whose fam- 
ily was one of considerable wealth and 
distinction there. As described to him, 
Susan Elston wasa beautiful girl of tastes 
that were almost exactly his own. An 
omniverous reader of books and a writer 
of no small talent she was one of the lead- 
ers in tlie cultured circles of the "Athens 
of the West." Returning to Indianapolis 
at the close of the war he sought the ac- 
quaintance of Miss Elston and found her 
to be all and more than he had dreamed 
of from his comrade's enthusiastic descrip- 
tion. Their friendship soon ripened into 
love and three years later they were mar- 
ried and took up their residence at Coving- 
ton. Here their only child, Henry Lane 
Wallace, was born. Shortly afterward 
they removed to Crawfordsville, where 



they have since resided. General Wal- 
lace's marriage has proven one of those 
exceptionally happy ones, where the wife, 
witli full and sympathetic understanding 
of her husband's nature and genius, lias 
been his constant companion and helper. 
She herself has written much that is of a 
high order and her wonderful faculty of 
just criticism has been of inestimable value 
to him in his literary work. 

It was during these years that General 
Wallace began the work upon bis first 
novel, " The Fair God. " During bis cam 
paigns in Mexico he had been an earnest 
student, not only of the lives of the people 
there, but of the religion and customs of 
the Aztecs and Toltecs, the most pictur- 
esque civilization the world has ever 
known. He was engaged at odd times for 
twenty years on the book and sometimes, 
when it lay for two or three years un- 
touched, the faith that bis wife had in its 
ultimate completion and success was one 
of the beautiful things that made his life 
serene and happy. He had persevered in 
the study of law and practiced in Craw- 
fordsville with fair success. He partici- 
pated somewhat in the politics of the day 
and was an ardent supporter of Lincoln 
and Morton in the campaign of 1S60. 

The call for troops to suppress the Rebel- 
lion found him away from home on legal 
business. Without returning home he r< ide 
across country on horseback to Indianapolis 
tooffer his services to the Government. In- 
diana had no militia and Lieutenant Wal- 
lace was one of the few men in the State 
who had military experience as an officer 
in command of troops. Governor Morton 
commissioned him Colonel of the Eleventh 
Indiana Volunteers and asked him to serve 
as Adjutant-General of the State. This 
was in April. The speeches Wallace made 
to the raw youth of the State that were 
gathered at Indianapolis to enlist are re- 
membered by many of them to this day. 
He told them flatly that in enlisting for 
the service they were giving up absolutely 



OF THE STATE <>F INDIANA. 



their individuality, their control of their 
own destiny, their very lives and thoughts 
and aspirations to the service of the State. 
Henceforth they must be machines, not 
men : they must know no volition other 
than the command of their officers. These 
speeches served as an index of the sort of dis- 
cipline he instilled among- the new recruits 
and it was unquestionably due to his stern 
anil unbending notions of military disci- 
pline that Indiana produced many of the 
best regiments that took the held. In 
August, the Eleventh Indiana, whose 
tin ee months' term of service had expired, 
was reorganized with Wallace again as its 
Colonel and with it he went to the front. 
In the field, before he saw action, he dis- 
played so much of military genius and 
ability that he was promoted to the rank 
of Brigadier-General in February, 1862. 
This was before Ft. Donelson. At Donel- 
son his services on the Held won him the 
highest rank in the army, that of Major- 
General. He commanded the center with 
General John A. McClernand on his left 
and Charles F. Smith on his right. Dur- 
ing the engagement McClernand's force 
wasattacked and routed. Wallace brought 
the center to the rescue, reorganized the 
demoralized ranks and fought furiously 
for hours. Finally a white flag appeared 
in front of the enemy's lines and (ieneral 
Simon Bolivar Buckner, in command of 
the Rebel forces, a man whose personal 
guest General Wallace had been hut two 
years before, sent in his surrender. 

In his report of the battle of Donelson 
General Wallace neglected to mention the 
services of General Hillyer, a member of 
General Grant's staff, who had been on 
the line delivering orders from Grant. 
When the battle of Shiloh came a misun- 
derstanding arose between Grant and 
Wallace that Hillyer and his friends made 
the most of, and the controversy lasted for 
some years. Wallace was lying at Crump's 
Landing when Grant sent him an order to 
go to the assistance of Sherman's army 



•• up the lower or river road." The order 
was given verbally to an orderly who 
wrote it out on a slip of paper on his way 
to Wallace's Camp. The orderly had neg 
lected to write the phrase, "Up the lower 
or river road," and Wallace tookhisarmy 
by the shortest road. This disarranged 
Grant's plan of battle and in his report he 
charged Wallace with being a laggard in 
battle. It was more than two years before 
Grant and Wallace spoke and it was not 
until on his deathbed that General Grant 
did full justice to Wallace's courage and 
ability. In the meantime General Wal 
lace's great exploit at Monocacy, where he 
massed 2,500 men. and, with this handful, 
gallantly held Jubal Early in check until 
the Capital could be reinforced and made 
safe and various other exploits, had made 
him famous throughout the country as one 
of the able generals of the war. 

Shortly after Monocacy General Wal 
lace was sent on a special mission to the 
Mexican border to investigate the opera- 
tions of the French who were trying to 
place Maxiniillian on the throne. He was 
satisfied that the dream of Napoleon HI 
contemplated not only the reign of Maxi 
millian in Mexico, hut the annexation of 
all that southwestern portion of the 
United States then in rebellion. It was 
through his judgment and advice that the 
United States massed troops on the Mexi- 
can border and served the curt notice upon 
Napoleon that ended this dream of empire 
and sent Maximillian to his doom. The 
full story of this diplomatic incident has 
not vet been told, hut when it is written 
it will form one of the most thrilling and 
picturesque episodes of international his- 
tory. 

Returning from the secret mission to 
Mexico, General Wallace served upon the 
commission before which the assassins of 
Lincoln were tried and the decision of this 
commission, in condemnation of Mrs. Su- 
ratt. aroused hitter criticism in the South 
and among Southern sympathizers in the 



256 



HISTORY OK THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



North. Returning to Crawfordsville he 
resumed the practice of law and took up 
and finished "The Fair God." It was 
published in 1874 and created a distinct 
sensation in the literary world. The un- 
pronounceable Aztec names it contained 
interfered not a little with its popularity 
among the masses of the people, but 
nothing could hide the fine genius, the 
sympathetic spirit and the romantic at- 
mosphere of the book. Its production 
was a surprise to many of those who knew 
him best, and when a personal friend re- 
marked to Mrs. Wallace that he never 
knew it was in General Wallace to write 

such a 1 k the wife smiled serenely and 

replied calmly: ■'You have just made a 
discovery of what I have known for 
twenty years." 

For some years before the publication 
of ••The Fair God" the idea of "Ben Hur" 
had been growing in General Wallace's 
mind and in this connection it is interest 
ing to look into the methods of his literary 
work. The Wallace home at Crawfords- 
ville stands well hack from the street in 
grounds large enough to form a small city 
park. Sloping off from the side of the 
house the ground runs to a natural depres- 
sion and is covered with spreading beeches. 
Here it was General Wallace's habit to sit 
or recline in a hammock, for hours at a 
time, without communication with any- 
body. The characters of his greal hook 
were growing and he was getting ac- 
quainted with them. Scenes and inci- 
dents were developing in his imagination 
ami impressing themselves upon his mem- 
ory. He once remarked to the writer that 
before a line of •• lien Hur" had been put 
upon paper he was so well acquainted 
with his characters that he knew the in- 
dividual sound of their voices. The work 
was produced very, very slowly. With 
his table on a little platform under one of 
the 1 iceclies. at a considerable dist a nee fron i 
the house, he sat with pencil, paper and 
slate. Where there was a passage that 



he was particularly anxious to have just 
right he wrote it on his slate, erased and 
wrote and erased and wrote again, until it 
was exactly to his mind, and then it was 
transferred to paper. When nightfall 
came, if he was in the spirit of work, he 
came into the library and often con- 
tinued until daybreak. One morning, 
when he came to breakfast without having 
touched his bed. Mrs. Wallace asked with 
gentle sympathy how much he hail sue 
ceeded in accomplishing during the night. 
••I wrote ten lines." he replied, ••but 1 
have just scratched them out." It is the 
old story: Nothing that will stand the test 
of ages is produced without infinite pains 
and patience. 

In l^Tit Genera] Wallace was again 
called to official duty as a member of the 
famous returning hoard that settled the 
election of 1 876 and gave to the world a re- 
markable demonstration of the fact that a 
great republic could go through such a 
crisis as a disputed election of its chief 
magistrate without violence or bloodshed. 
The next year he was appointed Governor 
of New Mexico and served four years. He 
found t'ue Territory tilled with an alien pop- 
ulation and overrun by bandits and all sorts 
of cutthroats and criminals who had found 
there a refuge from the civilized law and 
order of the older States. The story of 
his administration of the Territory during 
these troublous times would fill an inter- 
esting volume, hut his stern military no- 
tions, his sense of inexorable justice and a 
moral as well as physical courage that 
knew no fear worked wonders and at the 
end he left New Mexico the peaceful civil- 
ized Territory it has since remained. 

It was while he was in New Mexico that 
the concluding chapters of ••Ben Hur" 
were written under the roof of the old 
pueblo where he made his home. The 
manuscript was offered to the Harpers and 
accepted after three weeks of deliberat LOD 
Its >uccess was immediate and within a 
year it had taken its place, not only as a 



OF THE STATE OK INDIANA. 25? 

classic, but as a book whose circle of great books of the century. Since then 

readers in Christian countries was ex- he has published a few poems and maga- 

ceeded only by that of the Bible. zine articles. 

While he was still serving as Governor Naturally the royalties on his books 
of New .Mexico. President Garfield read have made General Wallace a man of 
••Ben Hm-" and was so entranced with it some wealth. Political honors and honors 
that he was anxious to have General Wal- connected with the soldier organizations 
lace enjoy a residence near the Holy Land. of the country have been heaped heavily 
He knew of the great diplomatic ability upon him. Living quietly a1 his home in 
he had displayed in the Maximillian affair Crawfordsville and mingling occasionally 
and offered him the post of Minister to in the society of Indianapolis and other 
Turkey. General Wallace accepted the cities of the country, he is rounding out 
mission and displayed a resourcefulness his life in the Roman ideal of otium cum 
and tact that has since been the wonder dignitate. Near the spreading beech. 
of the diplomatic world. Notwithstand- under which most of "Ben Bur" was com- 
ing the fact that there were many delicate posed, he has built for himself a home for 
questions arising between the American his muse. Half temple, half library and 
and Turkish governments, there was study, he has called it •'The Tent of Ben 
never the slightest breach of cordiality Hur." Here he continues his literary work 
between the two governments during his in a. beautiful building following some- 
term and he got into closer personal rela- what Byzantine lines of architecture and 
tionship with the Sultan than any for washed in the rear by a small lake, where 
eigner had ever done before. He served a marble balustrade leads to a boat land- 
in all four years and six months and at ing, he is surrounded by a wealth of curios, 
the close of his term the Sultan hogged souvenirs and relics that center in them 
that he would ask for reappointment, selves much of the associations of his 
This General Wallace declined to do and eventful life, 
then the Sultan begged him to remain at 
Constantinople and accept any post in the 

Turkish army or diplomatic service that GEORGE F. McCULLOCH. 
he might choose. Even in declining this George F. McCULLOCH, ex-chairman 
great offer General Wallace retained and of the Republican State committe, and 
retains to this day the strong persona] one of the strong men of the Republican 
friendship of the Sultan. WhentheGrse- party in Indiana, was born of Scotch- 
co-Turkish war began in 1897 it was very Irish ancestry in Lancaster. Ohio, in Sep- 
generally reported and believed through tember, LS55. His parents were James and 
out Europe that the Sultan had offered Caroline .1. McCulloch. His father was 
General Wallace the supreme command a native of Cumberland count}', Pa., and 
of the Turkish armies, but Wallace him- a practicing physician, having graduated 
self has never confirmed the rumor. A in ls-L> from the medical department of 
few years after bis return from Constan- the University of Pennsylvania, at Phila- 
tinople General Wallace published "The delphia. He was recognized as a physi- 
Prince of India."' a novel dealing with cian of ability and reputation. He died 
the last days of the Byzantine Empire, in 1^77. aged sixty-four years. Mi-. Mi- 
ami, while it has not reached the wonder- Culloch's mother was the daughter of 
ful popularity of "Ben Hur." it has been George l>. Foulke, a practicing physician 
very generally regarded as one of tl f Carlyle, Pa. She is still living in 



:25s 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Muncie, and, at the age of seventy-three, 

is active in the church, literary club and 
charitable life of the city. A year after 
the birth of Mr. McCulloch his parents re- 
moved to Muncie. Ind., where he has since 
resided. He has had a very active busi- 
ness career and has been largely identified 
with the development of the gas belt. 

Mr. McCulloch has been a Republican 
all his life. In the early spring of 1S96 
he was elected a member of the State 
committee, and there his strength of char- 
acter and foi'ce were so quickly recognized 
that upon the retirement of chairman 
dowdy he was chosen as his successor. As 
the time for reorganization approached, 
in the spring of 1898, all elements of the 
party joined in asking him to serve again, 
but his health was such as to make this 
impossible and he retired. 

Mr. McCulloch was married September 
11, 1883, to Cora, only daughter of Ar- 
thur F. and Samantha C. Patterson, of 
Muncie. They have one child, a daughter, 
seven years old. 



JUHN H. OSBORN. 

John H. Osborn has been for a num- 
ber of years one of the most valuable and 
substantial citizens of Evansville. His 
father, William Osborn, came to America 
in early childhood and settled in Rhode 
Island. There he married Miss Ann Bur- 
rel, a native of Glasgow. In 1849 they 
came westward to Illinois, then a frontier 
State, and settled in Boone county. Three 
years later they removed to Cannelton, 
Ind., attracted by the rapid growth of 
manufacturing industries there John H. 
Osborn, the second of their six children, 
was born July 20, 1849, in Illinois, and 
was brought to Cannelton a babe in arms. 
He was educated in the common schools 
of that city and there learned the trade of 
a machinist. He was employed for about 
fifteen years in the Indiana Cotton Mills 



at Cannelton, and later worked at his 
trade in various foundries and machine 
shops in Louisville and < hvensboro. Ky. 
Coming to Evansville. in ls7.">, he was en- 
gaged as master mechanic in the Evans- 
ville Cotton Mills, a position which he held 
until 1884, when he was promoted to the 
superintendency and general management 
of the mills. In this capacity he is en- 
trusted with the supervision of six hundred 
employes and has the care of vast financial 
interests. By natural acumen and thor- 
ough, practical training he has every 
quality for the proper discharge of this 
important trust. His enterprising public 
spirit and the general esteem in which he 
is held have frequently been attested by 
the people of Evansville. He is a director 
in the Business Men's Association, and 
few public affairs of moment are under- 
taken without consulting his judgment. 
Mr. Osborn has for years manifested an 
active interest in politics as an ardent 
Republican, but has never sought prefer- 
ment. On the contrary he has frequently 
declined when solicited to serve in public 
office. He refused, in 1S!»4, the nomina- 
tion for Congressman, and, with the ex- 
ception of a short term as Water- Works 
Trustee, has steadily declined to enter 
public life. Mr. Osborn is a director and 
member of the executive board of the 
Central Trust & Savings and a director in 
the Union Savings Company. He is a man 
of means and affairs and owns consider- 
able property in Evansville. He is an active 
and helpful member in the Knights of 
Pythias, A. 0. U. W., and the Elks. Mr. 
Osborn was united in marriage June, 
lsTs, to Miss Mary A. White, and four 
children. John W., Charles A., Lillian. 
and Emerson ML, bless their union. 
Strong, energetic, liberal and broad in his 
views of life, in all the essentials of good 
citizenship. .Mr. Osborn is a man whom 
Evansville is proud to own. 



OF THK STATE OF INDIANA 



259 



WALTER M. SCHMITT. 

The Republican party in Evansville is 
peculiarly fortunate in having among its 
leaders a number of very strong business 
men who are not ambitious for office, but 
who believe thoroughly in the principles 
of the party and are ever ready to devote 
time, money and energy to its success. 
Among the most prominent of these is 
Walter Mauren Schmitt. Mr. Schmitt 
was born in Evansville March 12, IS65, 
son of Carl and Charlotte Schmitt. Wal- 
ter was educated in the common schools of 
Peoria, and after graduating at the high 
school took a course in the Cincinnati Col- 
lege of Chemistry. He commenced his 
business career in 1885 as bookkeeper for 
the Evansville Woolen Mill Company, 
and has steadily worked his way up to 
the general management of this great con- 
cern. He became a stockholder in the 
company in 1889, a director in L890, and 
secretary and treasurer in 1892. In 1894 
he helped to organize the Stoltz-Sclnuitt 
Furniture Company, and holds a large 
interest in that corporation, of which he 
is vice-president. 

While Mr. Schmitt has never sought to 
hold office, he has been active and influen- 
tial in Republican politics, and has been a 
delegate to all State and county conven- 
tions during the past six years. In mak- 
ing up the new county council, a few 
months ago of the most substantial citi- 
zens of Vanderburg county, the Judge of 
the Circuit Court appointed Mr. Schmitt a 
member of this body. 



JAMES A. MOUNT. 
James Atwell Mount was born on a 
farm in Montgomery county. Indiana, 
March 23, ls-t3. His father, Atwell 
Mount, was a Virginian who moved to 
Montgomery county. Indiana, with his 
family in 1828. In the unbroken forest 
they built a rude log cabin and lived the 
life of pioneers, amid scenes of toil and 



privation. They were temperate, frugal, 
industrious people. They reared a family 
of twelve children. They wen- Presbyte- 
rians, and the father was elected elder in a 
log cabin when Bethel Church was organ- 
ized, in 1 SI 1 . serving until his death, which 
occurred inlSSl. Mr. Mount himself has 
long been an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church, and holds a prominent position 
in the local. State and National councils 
of leading representatives of that denomi- 
nation. 

Jas. A. Mount's school privileges were 
meagre, his attendance being confined to 
periods of the worst weather in winter, 
when farm work was suspended. During 
his boyhood, until he entered the army, 
forty cents represented the total amount of 
money ever given to him. 

His boyish enthusiasm was aroused in 
the campaigns of 1856 and L860. He en- 
listed in the Seventy-Second Indiana Vol- 
unteers in 1862. He was a member of the 
famous Wilder Brigade, and of his cour- 
age General Wilder says he volunteered 
for the skirmish line twice < luring the 
bloody battle of Chicamauga, when to do 
so seemed to be tempting fate. The his- 
tory of the Seventy-Second Regiment is 
authority for the statement that "Sergt. 
James A. Mount was the first skirmisher 
of Sherman's army to cross the Chatta- 
hoochee river, through which he charged 
at Roswell. Georgia, at daylight. July '.'. 
1864." In the winter of L862, while suf- 
fering from the measles, he marched 
through two days of incessant rain, and 
waded swollen streams and rivers. For 
three years he did not miss a single march, 
skirmish or battle. 

After the war he entered the Presby- 
terian Academy at Lebanon. Indiana, 
where in one year he performed the work 
of two academic years. Having exhausted 
his supply of money, he was unable to 
further pursue his course of study. Op in 
graduation from the Lebanon Academy, in 
L867. Mr Mount married Miss Kale A. 



260 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



Boyd, of that place, and. without money, 

they leased a farm already stocked and 
supplied with implements. Three little 
rooms, poorly furnished, contained all their 
worldly goods. 

At the end of nine years Mr. Mount 
purchased the farm he had leased, and 
paid for the stock and implements. He 
incurred a debt of $5,000 in the mak- 
ing of this purchase, upon which he was 
obliged to pay ten per cent, interest. In 
1895, twenty-eight years after he had be- 
gan as lessee, he had made enough money 
by farming to pay for 500 acres of land. 
and had built a farm home of modern 
beauty and convenience, costing over 
$8,000. He had given his three children 
an aggregate of eighteen years in the best 
colleges of the land. 

The remarkable success achieved by 
James A. Mount, and the fact that he was 
closely in touch with the common people, 
induced the Republican party to nominate 
him for State Senator in 1888 over his pro- 
test. He carried a Democratic Senatorial 
district by 'inn majority, and served with 
distinction for a term of tour years in the 
upper branch of the Indiana General As- 
sembly. In 1890, although he was still a 
State Senator, he was urged to make the 
race for Congress in the then Terre Haute 
district. This was a Democratic district, 
and no one cared to make the race on the 
Republican ticket that year, as it was well 
known to he hopeless. Although he re- 
fused, when approached on the subject, 
the convention nominated him and he 
went down in the Waterloo of 1890. In 
1891-92, when the Republican State com- 
mittee' was asked to send some one to rep- 
resent the party upon the platform in 
joint discussion, where all parties were 
represented by chosen speakers, farmer 
.Mount was selected. In those debates he 
proved himself to be the peer of the most 
gifted orators in the State and the expe- 
rience brought him into still greater prom- 
inence as a natural leader of men. 



His success as a practical, progressive 

farmer created a demand for his services 
as a lecturer before the various farm insti- 
tutes of the State. He was constantly in 
demand during the winter season and 
met the farmers in every county in the 
State. He consented to be a candidate for 
Governor before the Republican State con- 
vention in 1896. There were twelve prom- 
inent and able Republican aspirants for 
this honor before the convention. It was 
the largest and most enthusiastic conven- 
tion ever held in the State. In the midst 
of the wildest enthusiasm. Mr. Mount 
was chosen on the seventh ballot. The 
fusion of Populists and Democrats made 
the canvass most exciting and the outcome 
somewhat doubtful. The danger of the 
farmers voting the fusion ticket caused no 
little anxiety. Mr. Mount was in demand 
in every part of the State. His remark- 
able canvass lasted four months. He made 
130 speeches, seventy-six of winch were 
delivered at outdoor rallies. He was 
elected by a plurality of 26 : 177. the largest 
ever given in Indiana to a Gubernatorial 
or Presidential candidate. 

His faculty for quickly defining a situ- 
ation and properly mastering it was again 
demonstrated in a remarkable manner 
after his nomination for Governor. Shortly 
after that time the sensational free silver 
issue was sprung by the opposition, and 
the effect was such as to cause astonish- 
ment and dismay in the Republican organ- 
ization. The party leaders were not pre- 
pared for it. and men who. in many 
previous campaigns, were not found hesi- 
tating to take up the gauge of political 
debate, frankly confessed inability to cope 
with the issue without taking time for 
preparation. And so it happened that 
James A. Mount, whose nomination was 
regarded by many persons as having been 
made as a concession to the agricultural 
interests more than to any other cause, 
was found to be one of the few Republi- 
can speakers properly equipped for entering 





/@iAsV{^ *JyI4--L&zsL -is/L 



262 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



upon the arduous duties of combatting 
the free silver heresy and stemming the 
tide of public opinion, which was even 
then running in that direction with a de- 
gree cit' impetuosity that seemed almost 
irresistible. Mr. Mount grasped the sub- 
ject with a clearness of conception that 
was on all hands conceded to be master- 
ful, and. single handed, he was making a 
most brilliant and effective campaign long 
before other speakers were willing to ad- 
mit their ability to intelligently defend 
the Republican position on the subject of 
finance or successfully combat the plaus- 
ible arguments advanced by the enthusi- 
astic champions of free and unlimited 
coinage. It was a great personal triumph 
for Mr. Mount, and the influence he ex- 
erted is shown in the vote lie received at 
the election. 

I >n the day before the election. November 
2, 1896, former President Harrison, in an 
autograph letter to Mr. Mount, said: "I 
want to congratulate you upon a very re- 
markable and a very successful campaign. 
You took hold of the questions involved 
courageously at the beginning when others 
seemed to be timid, and I have beard but 
one report of your speeches — that they were 
clear and convincing, and that you were 
making friends wherever you went." On 
June 8, 189S, Hanover College, through 
its trustees and faculty, graciously con- 
ferred upon Governor Mount the degree of 
Doctor of Laws. 

While the administration of Governor 
Mount was beset with the usual trials and 
severities to which all public officials are 
subjected, and while he has been called 
upon to deal with other unexpected issues, 
such as the Spanish- American War. it is 
quite generally conceded by all fair- 
minded persons that as chief executive of 
a great State he has acquitted himself 
with such tact, skill and diplomacy as to 
be assured of a favored place in history. 
True to his natural bent, he has insisted 
on economical administration of public 



institutions, but it cannot be said that he 
carried this to the extreme of parsimony. 
His policy from the beginning was to make 
his a debt-paying administration rather 
than a debt-making administration, and 
how well be succeeded is shown by the 
gratifying fact that during the first two 
years of his incumbency the State debt 
was reduced $1,320,000, thus saving to 
the people interest charges alone amount- 
ing to $25,000 per annum. 

Fortunately for Governor Mount, lie 
had the training and experience of a sol- 
dier, hence, when there came a (dash of 
arms between the United States and 
Spain, he was well equipped for the 
emergency. Under his direction the vast 
sum of money required for the mobiliza- 
tion and equipment of Indiana's quota of 
troops was paid out as an advancement to 
the General Government without embar- 
rassment to the treasury, consequently 
there was no necessity for borrowing or 
interest paying. Indiana was the first 
State in the Union to notify the "Washing- 
ton authorities that its quota of troops 
was in camp and subject to the orders of 
the War Department. Approximately 
$250,000 was expended by the State for 
this purpose, yet there was such an intelli- 
gent and strict accounting by Governor 
Mount's administration that the bulk of 
that sum was repaid by the General Gov- 
ernment soon after the declaration of 
peace between the nations that had en- 
gaged in armed contention. He was the 
second Indiana "War Governor," and 
that he acquitted himself well has been 
effectually attested. 



('oh. ROBERT S. ROBERTSON. 

Col. Robert s. Robertson has long 
been a conspicuous figure, not only in the 
legal profession, but in the politics of the 
State. Robert Stoddart Robertson was 
born at North Argyle, Washington 
county, N. Y.. April Hi. 1839. His 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



203 



grandfather, a native of Scotland, had 
emigrated in 1792 and settled here. His 
father, Nicholas Rohertson, was a man of 
substance in the community and served as 
Postmaster of North Argyle for many 
years. The hoy studied in the common 
schools and at Argyle Academy, and out- 
side of school hours helped in his father's 
saw mill and grist mill. In 1S59 he be- 
gan the study of law in the office of Hon. 
James Gibson, at Salem, N. Y., and con- 
tinued his studies in New York City under 
Hon. Charles Crary, being admitted t<> 
the bar in L860. He had scarcely settled 
down to the practice of law at Whitehall, 
N. Y., when the war broke out. and he 
gave up his prospects in order to give his 
time and services to his country. He 
raised a company of men but they were 
consolidated with another company and 
he enlisted with them as a private in Com- 
pany I of the Ninety-Third New York. 
He passed through the grades of Orderly 
Sergeant and Second and First Lieuten- 
ant. During the Gettysburg campaign 
he was acting Adjutant of his regiment. 
In L863 he became an Aide-de-Camp to 
Gen. Nelson A. Miles, then commanding 
a Brigade, now Commanding General, U. 
S. A. While on this duty he was twice 
wounded, at Spottsylvania and Totopoto- 
moy Creek. The second wound was from 
a minie ball passing through his abdomen, 
and it was supposed that he was mortally 
wounded. After recovering from this 
wound he endeavored to go into the serv- 
ice again but soon discovered that he was 
disabled. For his gallantry on the field 
the President conferred upon him the 
brevet rank of Captain and the Governor 
of New York brevetted him Colonel. He 
has also been awarded the Congressional 
medal of honor for conspicuous gallantry. 
For the next two years he engaged in the 
practice of law at Washington, I). C, and 
during this period was married in July, 
L865, at Whitehall, N. Y., to Elizabeth H. 
Miller, who died in 1896. The following: 



year he removed to Ft. Wayne, where 
he immediately became prominent, both 
in the legal profession and in the field of 
politics. In 1867 he was elected City At- 
torney for two years, and in L868 was 
nominated for State Senator, and made 
an active campaign against overwhelming- 
odds. In 1871 he was appointed Register 
in Bankruptcy and United States Com 
missioner. In ls7<! he was nominated by 
the State convention, entirely without 
effort on his part, for the office of Lieuten- 
ant-Governor. In 1886, when Lieutenant- 
Governor M. D. Manson resigned, both 
parties nominated candidates for the 
office, upon the advice of the Attorney- 
General given to the Governor, that the 
place must be filled by election. The 
campaign of that year was one of the 
most memorable in the history of the 
State, and Colonel Rohertson was elected. 
When he came to take his seat, however, 
the Democrats had determined to regard 
the election as unauthorized by law and 
as they had a majority of the Senate Col- 
onel Robertson was forbidden by that 
majority to assume office. Attempts were 
made to obtain a judicial decision by 
means of two injunction suits, but these 
ended in the ruling of the Supreme Court 
that the legislature had exclusive jurisdic- 
tion. The second demand was made and 
both parties were fully prepared to main- 
tain their position by force, and he was 
forcibly ejected from the Senate chamber. 
Colonel Robertson's view of the situation 
was broader and higher than a question 
of immediate advantage. It was patent 
to everybody that an effort upon his part 
to assume his seat by force would lead to 
riot and bloodshed. He believed that such 
an affair would bring indelible disgrace 
upon the name of the State and counseled 
that force should be abandoned and the 
question left to the arbitrament of the 
people of the State at the next election. 
This sacrifice upon his part unquestionably 
saved the fair name of the State. Since 



>6-t 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



t In 1 1 he lias continued the practice of law 
with great success at Ft. Wayne and is 
regarded to-day as one of the most eminenl 
lawyers of the State. 

The field of his activity has riot been 
confined entirely to his profession. His 
taste for historical and scientific research 
has caused him to give up much time to 
these studies and he has a collection of 
prehistoric relics, fossils and minerals of 
great value. He is a member of a num- 
ber of literary, scientific and fraternal 
societies and has made many valuable 
contributions to current historical litera- 
ture. President Harrison tendered to 
Governor Robertson the position of Judge 
of the Indian Territory. This he de- 
clined, and, in May. 1889, accepted the 
unsolicited appointment as a member of 
the Utah Commission, upon which he 
served until 1894. Colonel Robertson is a 
prominent member of the Loyal Legion, 
of the Grand Army, the Masonic Order, 
and a number of clubs and societies. 

He married, in 1898, Mrs. Frances M. 
Ilaberly (nee Steinson), a lady well known 
throughout the State as a student and 
lecturer on art subjects. 

ALBERT J. BEVERLDGE. 

The most notable thing about the ca- 
reer of Senator Albert J. Beveridge is 
that his progress toward greatness, from 
the time that the boy following the plow 
dreamed and schemed out ways and means 
for obtaining a college education, has 
never paused. Those who knew him best 
and had observed his work for years be- 
lieved that when he was elected to the 
United States Senate he would be con- 
tent to rest upon his laurels, to pause for 
breath in the career of activity and suc- 
cess that had carried him at a remarkably 
youthful age from the humblest begin- 
nings to a seat in the highest and most 
powerful legislative body of the world. 
He surprised them. Impressed not so 



much with the honor as with the grave 
responsibilities of his new position, betook 
advantage of the months intervening be- 
tween his election and the assembling of 
Congress to make a thorough and careful 
personal investigation of the two great 
questions that are now appearing upon the 
horizon of American statesmanship. His 
is a mind that knows not what rest is. 
Time and again in public speeches he has 
startled his audience by utterances that 
seemed almost prophetic, and yet when 
analyzed they were simply the result of 
clear and logical thought, based upon an 
absolute thoroughness of information, that 
would lead one to believe that he had 
spent the major portion of his life study- 
ing that one particular subject. The re- 
markable comprehensiveness of view he 
has so often displayed upon topics the 
most varied has been the result of inde- 
fatigable industry in obtaining full and 
minute information combined with the 
mental training that enables him to see 
facts in their true proportion, and so to set 
in order his knowledge of the situation that 
his conclusions are unassailable. 

It was perhaps but natural that the 
election of Mr. Beveridge. a young man 
of thirty-six years, to the Senate of the 
United States, as a result of the memor- 
able struggle of five strong candidates 
before the Indiana legislature of ls'.i'.t, 
should have been regarded in some quar- 
ters outside the State as accidental, be- 
cause it was unexpected. On the contrary 
his nomination by the caucus was the re- 
sult of work and worth, and his election to 
this high office is one of the incidents, 
albeit one of the greatest, in a carefully 
planned career, pursued with wonderful 
energy and tenacity of purpose. Whatever 
there was of circumstance in his cam- 
paign was against him : one might go fur- 
ther and say that through his whole life 
whatever fortuitous chance has thrown 
in his way has been in the nature of ob- 
stacles to be overcome. Such triumphs as 



OF THF STATE OF INDIANA. 



he has enjoyed has been through opportu- 
nities that were open to all : lie has simply 
recognized their value and made them his 
own. The greatest quality in his make-up 
is a fervid, everlasting, tireless industry. 
guided by an intelligence that is none the 
less cool and far-seeing beeause it is quick 
and decisive. 

Fortune was unkind to him at the very 
threshold of life. Shortly after his birth, 
on a farm in Highland county, Ohio, his 
father returned from the Civil War and 
lost his property in the rapid fluctuation 
of values which followed the close of that 
great struggle. He removed his family 
to Illinois, and there the child attended 
country school in the winter and worked 
upon the farm in summer. At sixteen he 
was boss in a logging camp, working all 
day to earn the money and studying half 
the night to gain the knowledge that 
would take him to college. He under- 
stood the natures of the men with whom 
he was thrown in the logging camp as 
thoroughly as he has since understood 
human nature in other walks of life. A 
high type of physical courage has char- 
acterized his entire life and this was dem- 
onstrated among the loggers. ( )n one 
occasion, when a fight started among 
them that was rapidly developing into a 
general riot, unable to make the fighting- 
crowd listen to his voice, he sprang among 
them and laid about him right and left 
with such tremendous force and vigor 
that he soon compelled submission and 
restored order. In college, this fighting 
characteristic was frequently brought into 
play. and. although he was the most stu- 
dious man in his class and kept the most 
regular hours, yet. whenever there was to 
he a row in which his friends were in- 
volved, they always secured "Bev," as 
they called him. to lead them. The same 
courageous characteristic was illustrated 
among the cowboys, who. for all the 
region round about, soon came to look 



upon him as their leader and counselor. 

With some of these COWbOyS he keeps up 

his correspondence to this day. On the 
firing line in the Philippines the same 
quality of fearlessness, that has proved no 
small element of his leadership among the 
masses, was again demonstrated, and 
time and again he rode along the firing 
line and once with Lawton far ahead of 
it. He fearlessly went many miles beyond 
the American lines in ('elm and Sulu. 
But Senator Beveridge refuses to discuss 
all of these incidents and is. above all 
things, a man of peace and studious 
habits. 

His ambition for higher education was 
not realized until he became twenty-one. 
when he entered Asbury University, at 
Greencastle. Indiana. He was the strong 
est man in college, physically, as well as 
mentally, and his industry was prodigious. 
Notwithstanding his long work and wait- 
ing, he had very little money, and main- 
tained himself in college by working 
during vacations, and by capturing nearly 
every cash prize given during his course. 
He took enough prizes to pay his way 
in college for two years. Not only the 
class room, hut college athletics, college 
politics, the debating societies, and the li 
brary afforded fields for ceaseless activity. 
He was the recognized leader of one fac- 
tion in the fierce struggle of college poli- 
tics. His faction won in every political 
college conflict because of Beveridge's 
thorough organization of his forces and 
the absolute obedience which he exacted 
from and which was enthusiastically 
granted by his followers. He was the 
successful champion of Asbury in the 
State and National intercollegiate ora- 
torical contests. All that he had of 
oratory in the beginning was a clear 
and strong voice and a fine physique. 
The rest was the result of work and study. 
He went through many books, ami then, 
as now. he did not merely read them, he 



266 



HISTORY OK THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



studied them. Before he had been grad- 
uated, he was making stump speeches for 
the Republican party. 

He left college penniless. His total 
assets were the clothing i>n his back, a 
ticket to the West, a number of warm 
friendships, his education, and, most 
highly valued of all. the love of a young 
woman, poor in money as himself, hut 
rich in brains, in ambition for his success, 
and in tactful, womanly qualities. He 
purposely sought employment on a West- 
ern ranch, knowing that a year of cowboy 
life, after the arduous, sedentary four 
years of student work, would make per- 
manent, the full measure of his inherited 
fine nervous and physical strength. So it 
did. His strong constitution and athletic 
habits have made him an entire stranger 
to illness or fatigue. 

He went to Indianapolis in the winter 
of 1886-7 and began to study law in Sen- 
ator McDonald's law office, but his scanty 
store of money soon ran out and many a 
day he went hungry. It became abso- 
lutely necessary to earn enough to buy 
bread while he studied. A Republican 
House of Representatives afforded him 
the opportunity he was looking for. He 
went after the position of Reading Clerk, 
and captured it. In sixty days he earned 
$300, enough to sustain him as a law 
student for a year. He c< >ntinued to study 
in the office of Messrs. McDonald & But- 
ler, then one of the two great law firms in 
the city, and one of the greatest in the 
country. His industry and anxiety to 
work immediately attracted their atten- 
tion, and before the year was out he was 
their managing clerk, at a good salary. 
He successfully conducted important cases 
for the firm in the State Supreme and 
Federal District courts. His first jury 
case was in the Federal Court with Gen- 
eral Harrison on the other side. His first 
argument in the Supreme Court was on 
the constitutionality of a statute. In a 
couple of years he was doing so well that 



he was able to marry Miss Langsdale the 
girl he loved in college. With the begin- 
ning of the year 1889 he opened an office 
for himself. He understood thoroughly 
tlie kind of clients he wanted, and has at- 
tached to himslf, not only as clients, hut 
as warm personal friends, many of the 
most substantial business men of his city. 

In the practice of his profession he has 
met with remarkable success and it is this 
success that has afforded him more grati- 
fication than all his triumphs as an orator 
or in the field of politics. He has given 
to the law the very best of the wonderful 
brain force and industry that has brought 
him such prominence. Into every case 
that he ever undertook he dived with the 
fervid zeal that gave him absolute mas- 
tery of every minute detail of fact and of 
every principle of law directly or remotely 
connected with it. He has made a special 
study of constitutional law. and Indiana, 
the State of Benjamin Harrison, Joseph 
E. McDonald and Oliver P. Morton, has 
known no more thorough master of con- 
stitutional law than he. During the past 
decade he has handled possibly more ques- 
tions involving constitutional law than 
any other lawyer of Indiana. And among 
these have been many of the greatest 
legal controversies that have engaged the 
courts daring that period. He has the 
most valuable library of constitutional 
law and history in the State, and he knows 
its contents as very few 7 know their hooks. 
Although a politician and a masterful one, 
as his organization of the party through- 
out the State in the campaign of 1898 and 
his management of bis own campaign 
for the Senate proved, still he is above all 
things a lawyer. So absorbed had he 
been in the active practice of his profession 
that never, until his friends made him a 
candidate for the Senate, had he ever con- 
sidered any official position for himself. 

Throughout his entire life, even during 
the time when, in the logging camps 
twenty-one years ago, he foresaw the 



^-^-/^^J SU> ^V-C^f '*?* 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



267 



period of expansion which is nowupon ns. 
his ambitions, purposes, and preparations 
have been for the larger and broader 

thing's in politics, in literature, in life; 
and tbis is true also in his profession. 
His mental atmosphere lias always been 
serious. The trivial and incidental have 
never received the attention or the con- 
sideration of the young Senator. 

Naturally it is his oratory thai has 
brought his fame throughout the country. 
There is scarcely a large city in the Union 
that has not heard him talk, and it was his 
campaign tours of Indiana that gave him 
the prestige and acquaintance so neces- 
sary to success in his Senatorial campaign. 
But he is as good a lawyer as he is an 
orator, and his speeches are not composed 
of flowers of rhetoric, hut of thoughts that 
live. On many notable occasions his 
words have carried great influence with 
immense masses of the American people. 
Mr. J. C. Shaffer, of Chicago, tells this 
story of one of his most notable triumphs 
as an orator: 

"In 1896, a committee came to me 
from the Marquette Club and the National 
Republican committee to ask m} r assist- 
ance in securing a speaker for a great 
meeting at the Auditorium, to close the 
Republican campaign in the AYest, and to 
answer the New York speech of Governor 
Altgeld. They wanted General Harrison 
as speaker for the evening. 1 told them 
it would be impossible to secure him. 
Then they spoke of Beveridge, who had 
already spoken several times in Chicago. 
He was selected. 

"Just one week from the date of the 
meeting Mr. Beveridge was waited on by 
the committee and asked to deliver the 
oration. And, remember, it was to he an 
argument showing that Mr. Cleveland had 
not unsurped his constitutional right in 
sending troops to Chicago at the time of 
the riot. The speech involved the great 
constitutional issues raised by the Demo- 
cratic platform and elaborated by Altgeld's 



remarkable argument. It was the most 
difficult and delicate subject in the legal 
category. 

••Well, Mr. Beveridge worked all week 
like a heaver, reading, thinking, mak- 
ing pencilled notes on detached slips of 
paper. On the morning of the dale set 
for the meeting, he arrived in Chicago 
with his manuscript still in pencil form. 
The notes were dictated to stenographers, 
and rapidly typewritten. Mr. Beveridge 
then went to a hotel: in two hours had 
committed the speech to memory, and the 
copy was sent to the various newspapers. 
At the Auditorium in the evening Mr. 
Beveridge delivered the speech verbatim 
i't literatum, as he had memorized it. the 
time of delivery occupying two hours and 
five minutes of rapid utterance. 

"The address was delivered with Mr. 
Beveridge"s usual white-hoi fervor, and it 
set the audience wild. They cheered until 
hoarse. Sometimes the speaker stood 
silent for minutes at a time while the 
cheers rose and rose again. Contrary to 
the usual oratorical effort, the speech read 
as well in print as it sounded when spoken. 
Governor Altgeld was completely an- 
swered. The speech was telegraphed all 
over the land, and in addition millions of 
copies were printed and scattered broad- 
cast. The issue was shifted to the main- 
tenance of Nationality, and. for the last 
ten days of the campaign, fought out on 
that line. Invitations from almost all the 
large cities of the Union came to Mr. Bev- 
eridge to speak, and he at once leaped into 
National fame." 

But even a more profound impression 
was made by his speech before the Bar 
Association of Pittsburg in January. 1898, 
on the "Vitality of the American Consti- 
tution," in which he took this view of the 
constitutional growth : 

"And, so in order that neither the 
Nation nor the constitution may perish, 
it was necessary that they should he ca- 
pable of uniform development. For. in 



2«S HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

any event, the people will grow; in anv < >n April 27, 1898, a few days after the 

event, problems undreamed of by the declaration of war with Spain, before a 

writers of the constitution will be evolved gun had been fired, and at a time when 

from changed conditions and unprece- few of the American people knew or cared 

dented social and industrial situations, whether the Philippines were on the west 

And if the constitution is not self-adapt- coast of Africa or in the vicinity of the 

inn' to the march of history and the proc- north pole, he made a speech before the 

ess of the people, revolution will rend Middlesex Club in Boston, published by 

the constitution to pieces. For the prac- the club and scattered broadcast, in which 

tical purposes of government, a constitu- he spoke these words, which, in the light 

tion should he to the statesman what the of subsequent events, seem almost pro- 

mariner's chart is to the navigator — a phetic: 

guide by which he sails all seas and makes -What should be the policy of this 
all ports, rather than a blockade shutting war? What will be its result? The 
him from the ocean, activity, and life, geography of the globe answers the first 
and confining him within a dead and stag- question; the vigor of the American pen- 
nant harbor. And, so we must pi,, answers the second. We are at war 
read it. not as we read a contract, but as w ith Spain. Therefore our field of opera- 
the majestic expression of the Nationality t ions is not confined to Cuba. We are at 
of a free and independent people. Read war with Spain. It is our military duty 
it as a divine guaranty of National life t-o strike her at her weakest point before 
to day, and as a promise and a prophecy we strike her at her stronger points. 
of larger, simpler National life to come. Cuba must fall into our hands, but that 
Read it as the sacred Scripture of God's w ill be only when Spain is conquered. 
chosen people. Read it as the supreme Our warships to-day surround Cuba; our 
law of the whole land— not as a compact armies are massing for Cuba. Anil yet 
between sections of the land: as the fun- Quba will be the last to fall. In the Pa- 
damental law of the American people as a c ifi c j s the true field of our earliest opera- 
unit— not as an agreement between segre- tions. There Spain has an island empire. 
gated communities of the American people the Philippine archipelago. It is poorly 
Read it as the great ordinance of a consoli- defended. Spain's best ships are on the 
dated Nation, directly established by the Atlantic side. In the Pacific the United 
people themselves. Construe it by this states have a powerful squadron. The 
-■olden ride of constitutional interpreta- Philippines are logically our first target, 
tion: The constitution exists for the Nation, And when the Pacific fleet of Spain is de- 
not the Nation for the constitution, and s troyed, not only is Spain beaten to her 
then the vital principle of implied powers knees by the loss of the Philippines, which 
touches the constitution into a living and would necessarily follow, but San Fran- 
an immortal thing. If the constitution is cisco and Portland are at the same time 
the people's charter of Nationality it fob rendered safe. It is not Cuba we must 
lows that whatever may he essential to the conquer— it is Spain. We must never 
development of that Nationality lies latent [ ose s ight of the main objective— to bring 
in its general terms, awaiting the people's an early peace by conquering the enemy, 
necessity to call it into action." \/Ve lmls t strike the most vulnerable 
The Bar Association of Pittsburg at points of that enemy We must sail to 
once published the address separate from meet the enemy — not wait for her to 
its other proceedings. come." 



OF THE STATE <>K [NDIANA. 



269 



On many other notable occasions Mr. 
Beveridge has made speeches just as 
worthy of record as these. His industry 
since he left college has never relaxed. He 
has found time from his practice, his cam- 
paign oratory, and his social duties to 
travel, to perfect himself in equity, con- 
stitutional and international law, and to 
do an amount of reading in widely differ- 
ent lines that would appall the average 
man. 

It looked to all the older heads of the 
party like a foolish thing when, a week or 
two after the election of 1898, the young 
man permitted his friends to announce 
him as a candidate for the Senate. It 
was true that he had opened the campaign 
with a speech which denned the issues 
where the platform had been indefinite 
and vague, and that this speech, under 
the title of -'The March of the Flag.** 
was at once adopted by the State central 
committee as the campaign document of 
the State, and hundreds of thousands of 
copies of it printed and distributed. It 
was true that this speech had announced 
the issues so clearly that its conclusions 
were afterwards adopted by the Repub- 
licans in New York, ami the speech itself 
made the campaign document in many 
other States. It was true that Mr. Bev- 
eridge had been the life and soul of the 
campaign in Indiana, speaking sometimes 
four times a day to tremendous crowds 
and keeping up courage where the belief 
in Republican defeat was general. It was 
true that the candidates on the Republican 
ticket said that it was generally conceded 
that he was the principal single factor in 
carrying the State for the Republicans. 
But notwithstanding this, all practical po- 
litical circumstances were overwhelmingly 
against him. 

Judge Robert S. Taylor, of Ft. Wayne, 
and ex -Congressman J. Frank Hanly. of 
LaFayette. had been in the Held two 
years, and two of the strongest politicians 
in the State. Congressman George W. 



Steele, of Marion, and ex- Congressman 
Frank B. Posey, of Evansville, had been 
making preparations for six months to 
enter the race. Beveridge was supposed 
to know nothing of political organization 
or how to get votes But more fatal than 
all these disqualifications was the fact 
that he was from Indianapolis, the capital 
city, always regarded with a jealous eye 
by politicians all over the State. It al- 
ready had one Republican Senator with 
four years yet to serve, the Attorney- Gen - 
eral of the State, the United States Dis- 
trict Attorney, the Collector of Customs, 
and a candidate for Speaker sure of elec- 
tion. This geographical handicap, to- 
gether with his youth and supposed ignor- 
ance of the art of organization, seemed to 
put Beveridge out of the hunt, and the 
other candidates did not seriously count 
him in the running until within three or 
four days of the caucus. They either did 
not know him or had forgotten his experi- 
ence as a political leader in a college 
famous for its politics and they failed to 
take into account either his tremendous 
energy or his faculty for making warm 
and loyal friends. 

Mr. Beveridge knew his ground thor- 
oughly, and also knew the kind of men In- 
needed for the tight. And they soon be- 
gan to rally about him. Men of affairs, 
not usually interested in politics, as well 
as prominent Republican workers from 
various parts of th, State, came to Indian- 
apolis to work for his election, while the 
hustling young Republicans, as an army, 
rallied to his standard. Almost all of the 
business men of Indianapolis were active 
in his interests. These formed an organ 
ization and gave up their time day after 
day and night after night to personal 
work in his behalf. Their influence 
counted heavily. Hi- sound position on 
the money question brought the gold 
Democrats to him. Another immensely 
strong factor in his cause was the local 
labor organizations in the citv and over 



270 



HISTORY OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



the State. They not only adopted resolu- 
tions in his favor, hut sent committees 
among the members of the General As- 
sembly to work for him. The candidate 
himself was the life and soul of the organ- 
ization, thus quickly built up and ramify- 
ing all over flic State. He had perfected 
the closest organization ever seen in 
Indiana. The greatest surprise of the 
campaign was his development as an or- 
ganizer, an executive, a practical leader 
of practical men. 

I (uring the contest an incident occurred 
which illustrates the most conspicuous of 
Mr. Beveridge's policies, his steadfast loy- 
alty to friends. Mr. Frank Littleton, a 
member of the legislature from Indian- 
apolis and a bosom friend and supporter 
of Senator Beveridge, was a candidate for 
Speaker. In view of the fact that Indian- 
apolis already had the other Senator, the 
Attorney-General, the United States Dis- 
trict Attorney, the Collector of Customs, 
etc. it was believed by politicians on every 
hand that if Mr. Littleton was elected 
Speaker it would largely dispose of Mr. 
Beveridge's chances to be elected Senator. 
Mr. Beveridge's political friends came to 
him and urged that lie should have Mr. 
Littleton withdraw as candidate for 
Speaker. Mr. Justice G. Adams, of tins 
city, tells of that attempt in the following 
language: "Several of us made up our 
minds that Mr. Beveridge could not suc- 
ceed if Mr. Littleton was elected Speaker; 
and, as the Speakership was more impor- 
tant in comparison with the Senatorship, 
we resolved to get Senator Beveridge to 
have Mr. Littleton withdraw ; I was at the 
head of the delegation which called upon 
him for this purpose. I shall never forget 
that scene. No sooner was the proposition 
made than Beveridge sprang to his feet 
full of anger and said: ' Not another word. 
gentlemen; not another single word. I 
won't hear it. Frank Littleton is my 
friend and he shall he Speaker no matter 
whether lam Senator or not.' We tried 



to protest, but, smiting the table with his 
hand, Beveridge silenced everyone of us 
and dismissed the conference. I thought 
then that it was bad politics, but that it 
was magnificent character. I think now 
that it was both good politics and good 
character." 

When the night of the caucus came 
Mr. Hanly started in with such an ad- 
vantage of votes that it was a struggle 
of the field against him, and Mr. Bev- 
eridge was the only one of the field with 
supporters trained and thoroughly com- 
prehending what they were to do. As 
a result his vote gradually grew, and fell 
back but once during the long balloting. 
Mr. Beveridge, in building up his support, 
had secured only such votes to begin with 
as were willing to stay by him even in de- 
feat if necessary. He went so far as to 
refuse votes which would not pledge them- 
selves to stay in the tight to the end. 

And so the Beveridge men were a force 
which utterly refused to consider a combi- 
nation with any other man. Speaking 
of their intense attachment to their leader, 
one of the managers of another candidate 
said : "I never saw such a set of men as 
these Beveridge men. They won't listen 
to reason. They won't listen to anything 
but the success of their man. The}" put 
me in mind of Mohammedans." Thus his 
solid phalanx of twenty votes became the 
crystalizing point for a finally successful 
result and made it impossible for the Held 
to combine on any one except Mr. Bever- 
idge. This was a piece of far-seeing polit- 
ical strategy. In addition to this, and as 
a part of the comprehensive plan, Mr. 
Beveridge's friends had utterly honey- 
combed the support of every other candi- 
date with second choices, many of the 
latter being so strong that they were prac- 
tically the same as first choice. Therefore 
at no time, from the moment the first bal- 
lot was taken, was any other outcome of 
the struggle possible than that which was 
finally achieved. 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



271 



The people of Indianapolis were await- 
ing the result that did not come until after 
midnight, and in every city of the State 
interest in the close contest had grown to 
such a pitch that the bulletin boards were 
surrounded by eager crowds The result 
gave universal satisfaction to the Repub- 
licans throughout the State. They were 
convinced that they had sent to the Sen- 
ate a man of high ability, destined for a 
long and great career, and his course since 
then has more than satisfied them that 
they were right. Mr. Beveridge recog- 
nized the fact that the American Congress 
during his term would have three all im- 
portant questions to deal with. First of 
these was the establishment of the currency 
of the country upon an impregnable found- 
ation and this he had studied with such 
thoroughness that he was familiar with it 
in all its phases. Another was the dispo- 
sition of the Philippine archipelago, and 
another, more remote perhaps, but of ever- 
weaning importance not only to the United 
States, but to the whole world, was the 
future of China, the first home of history 
and civilization, that great leviathan 
among the nations of the world that has 
held dominion of a continent since the 
dawn of history, and now seems on the 
verge of disintegration. Information to 
be had upon either of these two great ques- 
tions at home, while sufficient to satisfy the 
average thinker or member of Congress, 
was all too meagre for this man accus- 
tomed to knowing to the minutest de- 
tails every subject that came in touch 
with his life. There was no hesitation 
upon his part as to what he should do. 
As soon as he could put his affairs in order 
he crossed the Pacific and gave two months 
of his time to the Philippines. They were 
days of unceasing toil. In the Island of 
Luzon he was in the saddle at daybreak, 
and one day found him on the firing line 
with Lawton, while another found him in 
the council chamber with Otis or the Phil- 
ippine commissioners. He traveled over 



the archipelago and visited among the 
American soldiers at Iloilo, Cebn and 
other points. Leaving the Philippines he 
spent another two months in Japan and 
China, still actively at work seeking re- 
liable information from every possible 
source. Upon his return to America In 
was besieged by newspapers and maga- 
zines for his views and the results of his 
investigation. The American people then 
learned for the first time that his talent 
for silence was no less remarkable than his 
talent for oratory. When the President 
of the United States invited him to Wash- 
ington, he went and gave the executive 
the full benefit of all the information he 
hail acquired and returned home to his law 
practice, and when this great question 
comes before the American Congress it 
stands to reason that he will be a powerful 
factor in its disposition, for he is the 
only man in that body possessed of suffi- 
cient information upon which to base cor- 
rect conclusions. 

Mr. Beveridge is in perfect health, 
uses neither liquor nor tobacco, is remark- 
ably simple in his diet, and has habits of 
thought and work that are likely to give 
him long life. Air. Beveridge properly 
regards his entrance to the Senate as the 
beginning, rather than the end. of his 
career. Along with his Republican prin- 
ciples, he is an ardent advocate of a sound 
currency, based upon a solid gold stand- 
ard, and lie was talking eloquently of the 
duty of the Anglo-Saxon race in civiliz- 
ing the waste places of the world long 
before the terms ••expansion" and ••anti- 
expansion" were disctissed. 

In his social intercourse he is vivacious 
and good humored, generally managing 
in his conversation to draw out all that is 
brightest and best in the man or woman 
with whom he is conversing. He gives 
valuable aid to the charitable work of the 
city and State, in which he always takes 
great interest. Younger men have gone 
to the Senate, but it is doubtful if any 



HlsTolIY OK THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



man has ever filtered that body with 
larger possibilities of greatness before him. 
Mr. Beveridge has ambition, intellect, 
caution, tact, and good judgment, united 
with splendid physical and mental 
strength, and will win a worthy place in 
historv. 



JAMES ALEXANDER HEMENWAY. 

James Alexander Hemenway. uni- 
versally known and respected as one of 
the most successful political leaders of the 
State, has contributed more than any other 
man to the political revolution that has 
transformed the first Congressional district 
into a safe Republican stronghold. No- 
body recognizes this fact more thoroughly 
than do the Republicans of the' first dis- 
trict, and the leaders there never think of 
taking any step in State affairs without 
the benefit of his counsel and advice. 

Mr. Hemenway was horn at Booneville, 
Indiana. March 8, I860. His father was 
William J. L. Hemenway. a descendant 
of Ralph Hemenway. who was a merchant 
at Booneville. The young man was edu- 
cated at the public schools of Booneville 
and worked at any labor he could find 
while studying law. during such hours as 
he could snatch after the day's work was 
done. It was a long and hard struggle 
for he had no means of going to college 
ami had to dig out his education as best 
he could without guidance. Thus it was 
not until he was twenty-four years old 
that he was able to he admitted to the liar 
and began the practice of law. He opened 
an office in L884 and soon had what was 
accounted a very successful practice for a 
country town. He was endowed with that 
quick understanding of human nature, 
ready sympathy and kindly disposition to 
help that inspired not only the esteem hut 
the warm regard of all with whom he 
came in contact. Shortly after beginning 
the practice he was elected City Clerk of 
his native town, and the lighl duties of 



this office he administered well without 
permitting his law practice to suffer. 
Then he was nominated for Prosecuting 
Attorney of the second judicial circuit. 
which had always theretofore been over- 
whelmingly Democratic. His race was 
regarded as a forlorn hope, hut so great 
was his personal popularity that to the 
surprise of everybody he was triumphantly 
elected, being the first person to carry the 
circuit. He served a term as county 
chairman and showed such remarkable 
aptitude for organization that in L892, at 
the regular organization of the party, he 
was chosen as district chairman and 
member of the State committee. From 
that time forward his influence has been 
paramount in the district and very great 
in the politics of the State. At his first 
appearance in the State committee his 
colleagues realized that here was a young 
man. quiet and conservative, who. when 
he rose to his feet had something to say. 
said it to the point and said it in such a 
way as to carry the conviction that he was 
right. In 1 s'.i-t lie was nominated for 
Congress after a long struggle in the con- 
vention, and was elected by a good big 
majority. In Congress he was given 
second place on the river and harbor 
committee and was responsible for the act 
placing United States Marshals ami Dis- 
trict Attorneys on salary, thus saving vast 
sums to the Government. He was re- 
nominated and re-elected in 1896, and in 
1 898 his constituents sent him fi ir the third 
time to ( 'ollgress. While he seldom speaks 
on the floor his opinion in the committee 
room and among members is very potent. 
A man with lofty ideals and endowed with 
force of character, practical common sense 
and the courage to tight actively and un- 
ceasingly for the right. Mr. Hemenway 
has already made a strong impress upon 
not only the people of Indiana, hut tin- 
Nation at large, ami it goes without say- 
ing that the future holds for him great 
things. 





1 o6M%f<d, - -d^Af ^ 



OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 



JAMES S. DODGE. 
James Shaw Dodge is descended from 
ancestry noted for steadfastness of pur- 
pose and sterling worth. I Mi his father's 
side the stock was Scotch, earnest, gen- 
uine, reliable, while his mother was a 
descendant of the pious, benevolent Penn- 
sylvania Quakers, and was a Quakeress 
herself. He was born August 24, 1846, 
in Morrow county. Ohio, one of the live 
children of Charles and Malissa Shaw 
Dodge. Two years later the family re- 
moved to Elkhart county. Indiana, and set- 
tled on a farm. In 1850, when only four 
years old. the death of his mother deprived 
him of the care and tenderness, love and 
sympathy which children so much need, 
but never find in any other person but a 
mother. Six years later his father died. 
leaving him an orphan indeed at the age 
of ten. For the seven years following he 
lived with relatives in Ohio, working on a 
farm and obtaining the rudiments of an 
education in the common schools. In 
June. 1 863, two months before reaching 
the age of seventeen, be enlisted as a 
recruit in the Third Ohio Cavalry. It was 
the time when war meant serious business. 
The flower and the pride of the Rebel 
Army, under General Lee. had invaded 
Pennsylvania : Yicksburg was holding out 
against the assaults of Grant's army : 
Hood and Johnson were having their own 
way in Tennessee. It was the period of 
doubt and foreboding for the Union cause. 
The situation called for brave men imbued 
with patriotism. Young Dodge, a boy in 
years, but a man in courage and inflexi- 
bility of purpose, reached bis command in 
the Held near Chattanooga only two days 
before the desperate battle of Chicka- 
mauga. He knew nothing of discipline. 
nothing of tactics, nothing of army life, 
hut he did know the issue that de- 
pended iipon the gauge of battle, which 
had been accepted as the arbiter. He 
knew that the integrity of the Union was 
threatened : that patriotism was engaged 



in the conflict against treason. So be 
entered the battle with the spirit of a sol- 
dier and the awkwardness of a recruit, 
and came out with a little saber cut. 
scarcely dignified with the name of a 
wound. From that time on until the close 
of the war he was witli his regiment in 
camp, on the march and in battle, never 
missing a roll call or shirking a duty. 
Snake Creek Gap, Buzzard's Roost, Res- 
aca, Peach Tree Creek. Atlanta and other 
historic fields found him among the fight- 
ers. He was with Kilpatrick on his famous 
raid in the campaign of Atlanta, and with 
"Pap" Thomas in the battle of Nashville 
and the pursuit of General Hood south- 
ward. He was at Selma. Ala., and Co- 
lumbus. Ga.. aiding in liberating the last 
of the Union prisoners of Andersonville 
and in the capture of Jeff Davis when 
fleeing in disguise. When the last battle 
had been fought, and the last Rebel army 
had surrendered, he was mustered out at 
Nashville with the rank of