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Full text of "History of Scranton Postoffice"

ISK 



m po 



(X)}., E. H. RIPPLE. 



Reference Department 




Scranton Public Library 
Scranton, PA 



Scranton 

H Public Library. 

Albright Memorial Buildin; 



IReference Department. 



Not for General Circulation. 



PRESENTED BY 












Rec.Oct 12'1S01 



50686012393026 NOV 1 8 2003 
SCRANTON 

Ripple, Ezra Hoyt. 
History of Scranton post 
office; including the ear 
ly history of Lackawanna 
valley post-offices, a co 
mplete list of Scranton, 
Providence and Hyde Park 





Scranton c Postoffice. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyofscrantoOOripp 



HISTORY 



OF 



SCRANTON POSTOFFICE 



INCLUDING 
The Early History of Lackawanna Valley < Postoffices, a Complete 
List of Scranton, 'Providence and Hyde Park Postmasters, 
Date of Appointment and Length of Service — Biog- 
raphies of Scranton' 's Postmasters — (Anec- 
dotes and Miscellaneous SMatter. 
Interesting and Valuable 
Statistics, Etc. 



'By 

COL. E. H. CRIPPLE, 



Scranton, 'Pa. 

Tribune 'Publishing Company. 

1901. 



"Printed and "Bound in the 

"Job and "Bindery "Departments of the 

"Tribune "Publishing Company. 



3g5 



PREFACE. 

Ltf 

X OFFICE OF THE POSTMASTER, 

CO SCRANTON, Pa. 



April 29, 1 go 1. 
To the Public: 



E 1 



NTIRELY appreciating the many favors received at the 
hands of the people of this city and county, I hereby 
-< present to them this little history of the Postal Service of 

,5^. Scranton and vicinity, hoping it may be considered by 

"V them of sufficient interest and value to warrant its publica- 

f. tion. It is as perfect as we have been able to make it from 

y all obtainable data. As it may still be imperfect and in- 

complete, we ask your indulgence for any errors or omissions 
't that may appear in it. 

,J The growth of the postal service has kept pace with the 

j; business growth of this valley, and a study of the pages of 

p this little work may give some very interesting and valuable 

facts which may have been overlooked in the rush and hurry 

. of your business. 

0^ Whatever its value may be, I beg you to accept it with 

the friendly regard of its author. 
H EZRA H. RIPPLE, 

*-> Postmaster of Scranton, Pa. 

o 

O 

• 

O 




CONTENTS, 



PAGE 

Posts in Olden Times 5 

Books Consulted in the Preparation of this Work 7 

Scranton, Providence and Hyde Park Postmasters Alpha- 
betically Arranged 8 

Date of Appointment and Length of Service of Each Post- 
master 9 

Early History of Lackawanna Valley Postoffices 11 

Mail Routes 13 

Office Removed to Providence, Pa 15 

Scrantonia Postoffice, Pa 15 

First Postoffice 16 

Scranton's Postmasters 16 

Scranton Incorporated 16 

Scranton's Rapid Growth 17 

Hyde Park Postoffice 17 

Location of Scranton Postoffice 17 

Biographies of Scranton's Postmasters 19 

Benjamin Slocum 19 

Frances, the Indians' Captive 20 

John Vaughn, Jr 21 

Voltaire Searle 23 

Jacob R. Bloom, Sr 26 

John P. Harding 27 

David S. Koon 27 

Henry Reichard 28 

Charles Townsend Atwater 28 

Sylvanus Eastabrooks 30 

Dr. Horace Hollister 30 

Benjamin P. Couch 31 

Jacob R. Bloom, Jr 32 

Dr. Henry Roberts 32 

John W. Moore 34 

Major Joel Amsden 34 

Dr. 'Benjamin H. Throop 36 

Laton S. Fuller 38 

Douglas H. Jay 39 

A. Hampton Coursen 40 

Dr. William H. Pier 41 

James Scovell Slocum 42 

Joseph A. Scranton 43 

Edward Charles Fuller 44 

D. W. Connolly 45 

D. M. Jones 46 



Frank M. Vandling 48 

William Merri field 49 

Robert Merrifield 53 

Joseph Griffin 53 

Oliver P. Clarke 54" 

Dr. Silas M. Wheeler 55 

Joseph Turvey Fellows 56 

Dr. Augustus Davis 57 

Major M. L. Blair 57 

Thomas D. Thomas 59 

Lackawanna County Postoffices 61 

Gouldsboro, Carboudale, Jermyn, Archbald 61 

Moscow, LaPlume, Olyphant, Dickson City Borough, Dun- 
more, Clark's Green 62 

Teach Flats, Glenburn, Dalton, Abington and Waverly, 
Fleetville, Clifton, Daleville, Kizer's Mills and Drinker, 

Madisouville 63 

Newton Township, Bald Mount and Schultzville, Old Forge, 

Ransom Township, Dunnings, Scott Township 64 

Spring Brook Township, Yostville 65 

Postoffice at Pittston 65 

Harrison, Scrantonia, Scranton 66 

Scrantonia Postoffice 66 

In Honor of Harrison 66 

APPENDIX— 

National Association of Letter Carriers' Convention 71 

Public Reception 72 

Banquet to Postmasters 72 

Convention Officially Opens 73 

Eight-Hour Day 73 

Salaries, Retirement, Etc 74 

Election of Officers 74 

Revising the Constitution 75 

Praise for Scranton 75 

Anecdotes and Miscellaneous Matter 77 

How the Mails Disappeared 78 

Music in the Postoffice 78 

Ye Old Mail Coach 7S 

Captivated by Wiles of Venus 79 

Hyde Park Sub-Station 79 

Turtle in Postmaster's Pocket 79 

A Philanthropic Postmaster 80 

"Boot" Paid in Cattle 80 

Postage Stamps Introduced 81 

Only Goose Quill Pens Then 81 

The Searles of New England 81 

The Vaughns 82 

Several Slocums Were Postmasters 83 

Ira Tripp 84 



Reichard Family S5 

Dr. Augustus Davis 85 

Oldest Postmaster in Active vService 86 

John P. Harding 87 

STATISTICAL— 

Postoffice Statistics 91 

List of the Present Chief Officers of the Postoffice Depart- 
ment at Washington, D. C 91 

List of the Present Officers and Employees at the Scrautou 
Postoffice 92 

List of Present Postoffices and Postmasters of Lackawanna 
County 94 

Statement Showing Amount of Business Transacted at the 
Scranton Postoffice 96 

Comparative Statement 97 

Schedule of Arrival and Departure of Mails 99 

Parcels-Post 100 

Classification of Domestic Mail Matter 10 1 

Preparation of Domestic Matter for Mailing 102 

Regulations Regarding Forwarding of Mail to Persons 

in the United States Service 105 

Money Order Division 107 

Register Division 109 

City Delivery no 

Postal Dictionary 113 

Information for the Public 113 

Precautions Before Mailing 1:4 

Prices of Stamped Envelopes 115 

Special Request Envelopes j 1 6 

Rates of Postage 1 16 

United States Postal Agency at Shanghai 118 



'Posts in Olden Times, 

The post as a measure of speed, the sealing of letters to 
insure secrecy, and the first means of postal communication 
by post riders as messengers are referred to in the Old Testa- 
ment as follows : 
B. C. 1520. — "Now my days are swifter than a post." — Job 

ix-25. 
B. C. 900. — "So she wrote letters in Ahab's name and 
sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters 
unto the nobles that were in his city, dwelling 
with Naboth." — 1st Kings xxi-8. 
B. C. 726. — "So the posts went with the letters from the 
king and his princes throughout all Israel and 
Judah, and according to the commandment of 
the king." — 2nd Chron. xxx-6. 
B. C. 726. — "So the posts passed from city to city through 
the country of Ephraim and Manasseh even 
unto Zebulon. " — 2nd Chron. xxx-10. 
B. C. 595. — "One post shall run to meet another and one 
messenger to meet another to show the king 
of Babylon that his city is taken at one end. ' ' 
— Jeremiah li-31. 
B. C. 510. — "And the letters were sent by posts into all the 
king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to 
cause to perish all Jews, both young and old, 
little children and women." — Esther iii-13. 
B. C. 510. — "Write ye also for the Jews as it liketh you in 
the king's name and seal it with the king's 
ring ; for the writing which is written in the 
king's name and sealed with the king's ring 
let no man reverse." — Esther viii-8. 



6 

B. C. 510. — "And he wrote in the King Ahasuerus' name 
and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent let- 
ters by posts on horseback, and riders on 
mules, camels and young dromedaries." — 
Esther viii-10. 

B. C. 510. — "So the posts that rode upon mules and camels 
went out, being hastened and pressed on by 
the king's commandment." — Esther viii-14. 

Darius I, of Persia, who reigned in the Fifth Century, B. C. , 
caused couriers with saddle-horses to be always 
ready at different stations throughout his em- 
pire, at one day's journey from each other, so 
that there might be no delay in getting reports 
from the provinces. 

Emperor Augustus established among the Romans an institu- 
tion similar to the modern post. 

During the Ninth Century messengers who travelled on horse- 
back, and who were employed by their respect- 
ive governments, existed in Germany, France 
and Italy. 



'Books Consulted in the Preparation of this • Work. 

In the preparation of this work the following books, 
among others, have been consulted : 

"History of Luzerne, Lackawanna and Wyoming Counties, 
Pa." W. W. Munsell & Co., New York. 

"Miner's History of Wyoming Valley." ' 

"Pearce's Annals of Luzerne." 

"Encyclopedia of Contemporary Biography of Pennsylvania." 
Atlantic Publishing & Engraving Co., New York. 

"Portrait and Biographical Record of Lackawanna County." 
Chapman Publishing Co., New York. 

"J. C. Piatt's Reminiscenses." 

Dr. Hollister's "History of the Lackawanna Valley." 

Dr. Benjamin H. Throop's "A Half Century in Scranton. " 

"Short History of the Slocum, Slocumb & Slocomb Families, 
1737-81." By Chas. E. Slocum, M. D., of Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 



The work of compiling this history has been done by Mr. 
John Power O'Connor, who has patiently chased up authori- 
ties, sought out the old residents, cornered all the traditions 
and trailed every item of information to its lair with a persis- 
tence that has been most commendable. By correspondence 
and personal interviews he has procured much information 
that has never before been made public. 



Scranton, Providence and Hyde Vark Postmasters 
(Alphabetically Arranged. 



Amsden, Joel 
Atwater, Charles T. 
Atwater, Elizabeth 
Blair, M. L. 
Bloom, J. R. , Sr. 
Bloom, J. R., Jr. 
Clarke, O. P. 
Connolly, D. W. 
Couch, B. P. 
Coursen, A. H. 
Davis, Dr. A. 
Eastabrooks, Sylvanus 
Fellows, Joseph Turvey 
Fuller, E. C. 
Fuller, Laton S. 
Griffin, Joseph 
Harding, John P. 
Hollister, Dr. H. H. 
Jay, Douglas H. 



Jones, D. M. 
Koon, D. S. 
Merrifield, Robert 
Merrifield, Wm. 
Moore, John W. 
Pier, Dr. W. H. 
Reichard, Henry 
Ripple, Ezra H. 
Roberts, Dr. H. 
Scranton, J. A. 
Searle, Voltaire 
Slocum, Benjamin 
Slocum, Jas. Scovell 
Thomas, Thomas D. 
Throop, Dr. B. H. 
Vandling, Frank M. 
Vaughn, John, Jr. 
Wheeler, Dr. Silas 



Date of (Appointment and Length of Service of Each 
'Postmaster. 

OFFICE OF THE POSTMASTER GENERAL, 
Washington, D. C. 

February 27, 1901. 
Mr. Ezra H. Ripple, Postmaster, 

Scranton, Pa. 
Dear Sir : 

By direction of the Postmaster General I enclose you 
herewith a list of the postmasters at Hyde Park, Providence 
and Scranton, Pennsylvania, with the dates of their appoint- 
ments, as requested in your letter of January 5. 
Very truly yours, 

Clarence E. Dawson, 

Private Secretary. 



Hyde Park, Luz. Co., Wm. Merrifield, 


July 14, 1832 


Robert Merrifield, 


Aug. 9, 1832 


Wm. Merrifield, 


1834-43 


Joseph Griffin, 


1843-46 


0. P. Clarke, 


1846-57 


Silas Wheeler, 


1857-61 


Joseph Turvey Fellows, 


1861-66 


Augustus Davis, 


1866-67 


Wm. Merrifield, 


1867-69 


M. L. Blair, 


1869-73 


Thomas D. Thomas, 


1873-82 


Hyde Park, Lack. Co. , Thomas D. Thomas, 


Feb. 28, 188; 


Office discontinued Oct. 22, 1883. 



10 



Providence, Luz. Co., 


Benjamin Slocum, 


1811-29 




John Vaughn, 


1829-39 




Voltaire Searle, 


1839-40 




J. R. Bloom, 


1840-45 




John P. Harding, 


1845-46 




David S. Koon, 


1846-49 




Henry Reichard, 


1849-51 




Charles T. Atwater, 


1851-52 




Elizabeth Atwater, 


1852-54 




Sylvanus Eastabrooks, 


1854 




H. Hollister, 


1854-61 




B. P. Couch, 


1861-67 




J. R. Bloom, Jr., 


1867-69 




Henry Roberts, 


1869-80 


Providence, Lack. Co. 


, Henry Roberts, 


Jan. 8, 1880 


Office discontinued Oct. 22, 1883. 


Scrantonia, Luz. Co., 


John W. Moore, 


1850-51 


Scranton, Luz. Co., 


John W. Moore, 


1851-53 




Joel Amsden, 


1853 


Scranton, Luz. Co., 


Benjamin H. Throop, 


1853-57 




Laton S. Fuller, 


1857-61 




Douglas H. Jay, 


1861-64 




A. H. Coursen, 


1864-66 




W. H. Pier, 


1866-69 




James S. Slocum, 


1869-74 




J. A. Scranton, 


1874-81 


Scranton, Lack. Co., 


E. C. Fuller, 


May 5, 1881- 




D. W. Connolly, 


1885-89 




D. M. Jones, 


1889-93 




Frank M. Vandling, 


1893-97 




Ezra H. Ripple, 


1897 



Early History of Lackawanna Valley Postoffices. 

Under the name of "Providence," the first postoffice in 
the Lackawanna valley was established at Unionville, January 
10, 1811. 

Benjamin Slocum was the first postmaster in the place. 
His father and mother, Jonathan and Ruth (Tripp) Slocum, 
along with their seven sons and three daughters, were the first 
of the Slocums that came from Rhode Island to settle in the 
Wyoming valley. That was in the year 1777. 

Frances Slocum, the Indians' captive, was Postmaster 
Benjamin's sister, and his father, Jonathan, and maternal 
grandfather, Isaac Tripp, were killed by the red men, Decem- 
ber 16, 1778. 

Unionville had also been known by the name of Dark 
Hollow or Deep Hollow. The Slocums christened it Union- 
ville. It was a small hamlet, but soon became an important 
manufacturing centre, and afterwards formed part of the terri- 
tory that was successively called Slocum Hollow or Slocum' s 
Hollow, Lackawanna Iron Works, Harrison, Scrantonia and 
Scranton. 

In 1798 Benjamin's brother, Ebenezer Slocum, went into 
partnership with James Duwain and purchased from John and 
Seth Howe, two of the earliest settlers in this district, the 
grist mill and undivided land at Deep Hollow. The transfer 
of the properties from the Howes to Slocum and Duwain was 
hastened by a terrible tragedy in the Howe family, which sad 
affair is thus described by Dr. Hollister : "Lydia, the eldest 
born of John Howe, depressed by some disappointed visions 
of girlhood, was found dead in her chamber, having hanged 
herself with a garter attached to her bedpost. The effect of 
this suicide — the first in the valley — removed every speculat- 



12 

ing consideration or cavil from a trade which placed the mill 
and the wild acres around it in the hands of the Slocums. ' ' 

Ebenezer Slocum and his partner Duwain enlarged the 
grist mill, added a distillery to it, and in 1799 built a saw mill 
and a blacksmith shop nearby. These plants, a copper shop, 
and a few rude dwellings were all the structures that could be 
seen in Slocum Hollow in 1800. 

The spring freshet of 1799 carried away two of the mill 
dams and Duwain, becoming discouraged by their loss, with- 
drew from partnership with Ebenezer Slocum. Duwain' s 
place was immediately filled by Benjamin Slocum, Ebenezer' s 
brother, and the two new partners, with that sturdiness of 
character, perseverance and industry for which the Slocum 
family has always been noted, began operations which resulted 
in establishing a splendid business reputation for them and in 
bringing plenty of money to their treasury. 

In 1800 the Slocum brothers built in the Hollow a forge 
which had two fires and one trip hammer. Anthracite coal, 
not having as yet come into general use, charcoal was used for 
heating purposes at the forge. Iron ore was placed in stone 
furnaces, melted and separated from the slag. The iron was 
again melted and formed into balls which were worked into 
any desirable shape by means of the trip hammer. All kinds 
of serviceable agricultural instruments were made in the Slo- 
cum plants and the farmers from the surrounding country 
eagerly began to purchase them. The Slocums began to 
prosper. The dams destroyed by the freshet were rebuilt by 
a farmer's "bee." Elisha Hitchcock, a hard-working and 
reliable young man — he afterward married Ebenezer Slocum' s 
daughter, Ruth — repaired the mill and the firm put another 
in operation in 181 1. The land about the Hollow was then 
cleared, and large quantities of iron, lumber, flour, feed and 
whiskey were produced by the several Slocum plants. 

Joseph Slocum, a son of Ebenezer, speaking about his 



13 

father's and his uncle's business at the Hollow, said : "All 
transactions here, and all transactions on my father's books, 
bear the name of Unionville as late as 1828 ; but the place 
was known far and near as Slocum Hollow, and was so named 
in 1 816 by a jolly Dutchman named James Snyder." 

Forty or fifty men were employed at the works in the 
Hollow and the firm had several teams on the road carrying 
whiskey, provisions, flour and feed to neighboring towns. 

Slocum Hollow iron was of good quality and was much 
sought after. But the ore began to fail, rival furnaces sprang 
up in other places, and prices for iron had to be so greatly 
reduced that its manufacture was no longer profitable. The 
star of the Slocums was no more in the ascendant. Nor did 
things generally show any signs of improvement. 

The Slocums made their last iron June 10, 1822, and a 
few years later their last whiskey. In the spring of 1826 
Ebenezer and Benjamin Slocum dissolved partnership. Ben- 
jamin went to Tunkhannock and died there in 1832. Eben- 
ezer went to his reward the same year. 

And then Unionville, which for a quarter of a century had 
been one of the busiest and happiest places in the country, 
became, for a time at least, a sad, silent and dark village. 

During their operations at Unionville the Slocums became 
the owners of 1800 acres of land, the greater part of which 
was underlaid with coal. 

Joseph Slocum, Ebenezer' s son, built a saw mill ifi the 
Hollow in 1848. He sold it to T. P. Reddington, who was 
unable to pay for it, and it was disposed of at sheriff's sale. 
It was bought in by Mr. Slocum and he sold it to John Beek- 
man in 1858. It has long since decayed, and there is noth- 
ing even of its ruins left to mark the spot where it stood. 

MAIL ROUTES. 

The History of Luzerne, Lackawanna and Wyoming 
Counties, says : "The first regular stage, a two-horse 



14 

vehicle, was established between Easton and Philadelphia in 
1806 by Messrs. Robinson and Arndt. The trip was made 
weekly and required a day and a half each way. Conrad 
Teter is still remembered by some of the oldest citizens as one 
of the earliest stage proprietors. He carried the mail in his 
stage weekly between Sunbury and Painted Post by way of 
Wilkes-Barre, Tunkhannock, etc., from 1810 to 181 6. Pearce 
says of him : 'He was a large, fat man, of a jovial disposition 
and desirous of making a favorable impression on strangers. 
He drove stage, his own stage, up the river. He took 
pleasure in pointing out his farms to the passengers. He 
frequently informed them as he passed the large residence and 
farm of Colonel Benjamin Dorrance, in Kingston, that he 
was the owner, and if asked why he drove stage would reply 
that he loved to rein four horses but had no taste for 
farming. ' 

"About the year 1822 the first stage ran between Wilkes- 
Barre and Dundaff. It was at first a two-horse vehicle, 
and was run by the brothers Daniel and John Searle. Two 
years later a four-horse vehicle replaced the first, and the 
route intersected the Milford and Owego Turnpike at 
Carbondale. The Searle Brothers were then the proprietors 
of the line. Pearce records George Root as the veteran 
stage driver of this region, a title which a service of forty 
years entitled him to." 

When the postofhce was established at Unionville (Provi- 
dence P. O. ) the mail was carried on horseback by Zephaniah 
Knapp twice a week, and in bad weather once a week. His 
route was from Wilkes-Barre, via Slocum Hollow, to Wilson- 
ville, then the county seat of Wayne county. He returned 
by way of Bethany, Belmont, Montrose and Tunkhannock. 

The Unionville postofhce was at the upper distillery which 
stood on the site now cccupied by the blast furnaces. 



15 



OFFICE REMOVED TO PROVIDENCE, PA. 

Postmaster Benjamin Slocum served for several years and 
then resigned in favor of John Vaughn, Jr., who in 1829 
removed the office to his store on the southwest side of 
Razorville Corners, which was then known by several people 
as "Centreville," but which we now call Providence. 

The removal of the postoffice from Unionville to Provi- 
dence left the Unionville or Slocum Hollow part of the district 
without a postoffice for twenty-one years, or prior to the 
establishment of the office at Scrantonia on April 1, 1850, 
when John W. Moore was appointed postmaster. 

"In the winter of 1847-48," said J. C. Piatt, in a lec- 
ture before the Scranton Historical Society, "a census was 
taken to show the necessity of a postoffice at this place 
(Harrison, Scrantonia or the Lackawanna Iron Works). 

0. P. Clarke, postmaster at Hyde Park, gave a written 
statement showing that seven-tenths of the mail matter re- 
ceived at his office went to Harrison or the Lackawanna 
Iron Works. The petition asked to have Dr. B. H. Throop 
made postmaster, but President Polk's Postmaster General 
ignored the application. 

SCRANTONIA POSTOFFICE, PA. 

' 'Another effort was made during the session of Congress 
of 1849-50, which resulted in the establishment of an office 
under the name of Scrantonia, and the late John W. Moore 
was made postmaster. The writer Q. C. Piatt] took the 
first letter and paper from the office when it opened, April 

1, 1850." 

According to Dr. Throop, John W. Moore, who opened 
the first tailor shop in the Hollow — or Harrison, as it was 
then called in honor of that President's recent election — 
obtained permission to take the mail matter from Hyde Park 
to his store and there distribute it to the persons to whom it 
was addressed. He soon, however, tired of the thankless 



16 

job, says Dr. Throop, and induced Joel Amsden to assume 
the postmastership. Mr. Amsden, too, soon gave up the 
undertaking, asserts the doctor, and desired to be released 
from the position, as there were no facilities for conducting 
the business properly. 

Dr. Throop goes on to say that he himself erected a 
dwelling and drug store about where Clark & Snover had 
their tobacco factory until a few years ago. It was a two- 
story frame-structure, and at the front end of the counter a 
desk was arranged to give ample facilities for handling the 
mail. "I was appointed postmaster," says Dr. Throop, "by 
S. R. Hobie, Assistant Postmaster General, May 6, 1853, 
and commissioned by Franklin Pierce, February 4, 1857, and 
continued under"the administration of President Buchanan. 
The office was in charge of E. C. Fuller, my deputy, for all 
these years, until Laton S. Fuller, his brother, was appointed 
my successor." 

FIRST POSTOFFICE. 

It will, no doubt, have been observed by the reader, that, 
although the first postoffice in the Lackawanna valley was 
called "Providence," that that office was really opened at 
Unionville or Slocum Hollow, a place that afterward spread 
out and became the city of Scranton proper. 
scranton's postmasters. 

The following gentlemen served as postmasters of Scran- 
ton in the order named : John W. Moore, 1850-53 ; Joel 
Amsden, 1853 ; Benjamin H. Throop, 1853-57 ; Laton S. 
Fuller, 1857-61 ; Douglas H. Jay, 1861-64 '> A. Hampton 
Coursen, 1864-66 ; W. H. Pier, 1866-69 > James Scovell 
Slocum, 1869-74 >' Joseph A. Scranton, 1874-81 ; E. C. Ful- 
ler, 1881-85; D. W. Connolly, 1885-89; D. M. Jones, 1889- 
93 ; Frank M. Vandling, 1893-97 ; Ezra H. Ripple, 1897. 

SCRANTON INCORPORATED. 

The city of Scranton was incorporated April 23, 1866, 



17 

and now embraces within its territorial limits the ancient bor- 
oughs of Providence and Hyde Park, but the two latter 
places continued to have separate postoffices until the exten- 
sion of the free delivery service to them in 1883, when their 
offices were abolished. 

scranton's rapid growth. 
Very few cities in this or any other country have grown 
so rapidly in population and wealth as Scranton. In 1850, 
the population was 2,230 ; in i860, 9,223 ; in 1870 (includ- 
ing Providence and Hyde Park boroughs), 35,092 ; in 1880, 
45)850 ; in 1890, 75,000 ; in 1900, 102,000. 

HYDE PARK POSTOFFICE. 

The Hyde Park postoffice was established July 14, 1832, 
and the late Judge William Merrifield, father of our distin- 
guished townsman, Edward Merrifield, was the first post- 
master here. Judge Merrifield held the office for less than 
a month — from July 14, 1832, to August 9, 1832 — then he 
moved out of Hyde Park, and his father, Robert Merrifield, 
was appointed. On returning to Hyde Park, Wm. Merri- 
field was reappointed postmaster, June 5, 1834. Judge 
Merrifield was succeeded by Joseph Griffin, 1843, and 
his successors were Oliver P. Clark, 1846 ; Dr. S. M. 
Wheeler, 1857 ; Joseph Turvey Fellows, 1861 ; Augustus 
Davis, 1866 ; Judge William Merrifield, 1867 ; Captain M. 
L. Blair, 1869-73 ; Thomas D. Thomas, 1873-83. 

LOCATION OF SCRANTON POSTOFFICE. 

In 1850 the Scrantonia postoffice was in a building near 
the iron works. It was removed to Amsden's block early in 
1853 and soon afterward to a building which stood on the 
ground now occupied by the Scranton Bedding Company. 
In 1855 it was removed to Fuller's Drug Store ; in 1861 to a 
building on the site of the First National Bank ; in 1864 to a 
building on the site of 310 Lackawanna avenue ; in 1865 to 



18 

the corner of Center street and Penn avenue ; in 1871 to 
Wyoming avenue ; then to the corner of Penn avenue and 
Spruce street, and in 1894 the new postoffice was completed 
and the business was transferred to that establishment. 



Biographies of Scranton's Postmasters. 

BENJAMIN SLOCUM. 

Benjamin Slocum was the first postmaster of the first post- 
office in the Lackawanna valley. That office, as already 
stated, was established in 1811 at Unionville, or Slocum Hol- 
low, but it was officially known as the "Providence" post- 
office. Providence township was called after Providence, 
Rhode Island, by some of the pioneer settlers in this part of 
the country. 

Benjamin Slocum was born December 7, 1770. He was 
the son of Jonathan and Ruth (Tripp) Slocum. In middle 
life he married Phoebe La France in Providence Town- 
ship. The following four children were the result of this 
union : Maria, married Dr. Silas Robinson, of Hyde Park ; 
Frances, married Samuel Nicholson, of Wilkes-Barre ; Ruth, 
married Henry Stark, of Tunkhannock; Thomas Truxton, 
a son, also married. Mr. Slocum went into partnership with 
his brother Ebenezer, at Slocum Hollow, where they con- 
ducted the business connected with their grist mill, saw mills, 
forge, still house, and flour, feed and provision stores. 

One of Benjamin's brothers, William, was sheriff of 
Luzerne county from 1796 to 1799. Luzerne county in those 
days included the territory now covered by Luzerne, Wyo- 
ming, Susquehanna and Bradford counties. Later, from 1849 
to 1852, another brother, Joseph, was associate judge of 
Luzerne county. 

Postmaster Benjamin's nephew, Joseph Slocum, the son 
of Ebenezer, was well known to the present generation here- 
abouts. By inheritance and purchase he owned at one time 
over 600 acres of coal lands in the heart of the city of Scran- 
ton, and by the sale of these lands he realized a considerable 
fortune. He was the first burgess of Scranton, and for many 



20 

years city auditor. In December, 1880, he and his faithful 
and devoted wife celebrated their golden wedding, and the 
affair was attended by the Slocums from all over the country. 
He died in June, 1890. 

Joseph Warren Slocum, grandnephew of Postmaster 
Benjamin and son of Joseph Slocum, now lives with his family 
at the homestead in South Scranton. He was for many years 
Deputy United States Marshall. He possesess many interest- 
ing relics of the Slocum family and is an entertaining and 
instructive conversationalist. 

FRANCES, THE INDIANS* CAPTIVE. 

Postmaster Benjamin's sister, Frances, was carried into 
captivity by the Indians, November 21, 1778, and she never 
returned. Some of her relatives visited her in 1837, at her 
home near Logansport, Ind. , and requested her to return 
to the Wyoming valley with them, but she refused to do so. 
She was married to an Indian and had a family. She died at 
her residence on the Mississinewa, near Peru, Ind., March 23, 
1847. The postmaster's father and maternal grandfather, 
Jonathan Slocum and Isaac Tripp, respectively, were killed 
and scalped by Indians and Tories in the town post of Wilkes- 
Barre, December 16, 1778, and Benjamin's brother, Wil- 
liam, was wounded at the same time by the red men. 

Benjamin Slocum was postmaster of Unionville (Provi- 
dence) from 181 1 to 1829, when he resigned in favor of John 
Vaughn, Jr., who removed the office to "Razorville Cor- 
ners," which at that time was called "Centreville" by some, 
and which is now known as Providence. Mr. Slocum soon 
afterward retired to Tunkhannock, where he died July 5, 
1832. His brother, Ebenezer, with whom he had been so 
many years in partnership at Unionville, died twenty days 
later, July 25, 1832. 

The Slocums were Quakers, and like most persons of their 
religious views were kind, patient, hard-working and perse- 



21 

vering. They had faith in the Supreme Being, in their fel- 
low men and in themselves, and with that faith, and such 
other qualities as they possessed, it would have been next to 
impossible for them not to have made the world better for 
their having lived in it. 

Today there is scarcely a town or city of any considerable 
size in the United States that one cannot find representatives 
of the Slocum family, and like their ancestors, they are all 
good, trustworthy people and an honor to every community 
in which they reside. 

JOHN VAUGHN, JR. 

John Vaughn, Jr., succeeded Benjamin Slocum as post- 
master of Providence. The office as before stated was at first 
situated in Unionville or Slocum Hollow. Mr. Vaughn moved 
it to "Razorville Corners," now Providence, in 1829. He 
held the position of postmaster until 1839. 

The Vaughns have a remarkable and interesting history. 
Mayor Frederick W. Vaughn, of Fremont, Neb. , who is writ- 
ing a full account of the family, in response to inquiries made 
by the compiler of this book, spoke as follows : 

"My father, E. R. Vaughn, now over eighty years of age, 
says : 'There were three brothers came either from New 
York state or Connecticut. The brothers were named John, 
Edward and Richard.' 

"Richard, my great grandfather, located near Wyalusing, 
John at Providence township and Edward went further south, 
and I think finally stopped at Philadelphia. Richard was a 
private in the Revolutionary War, enlisting September 1, 
1777, in Captain Peter Grant's Company of Grayson's Regi- 
ment of Foot Continental Troops, commanded by William 
Grayson. When Richard's term of enlistment was over he 
came home and was appointed May 1, 1789, by Governor 
Mifflin, Lieutenant of the Fifth Company of Foot, in the Sec- 
ond Battalion of Militia in the County of Luzerne." 



22 

The John Vaughn referred to by Mayor Vaughn was 
Captain Vaughn, the father of Postmaster John Vaughn, Jr. 

Dr. Hollister, in his "History of the Lackawanna Valley," 
writes as follows concerning the captain : 

"Upon the road through Providence to Carbondale the 
observer cannot fail to notice in Blakely, lying just below the 
road in the meadows to the southwest, a large orchard where 
(Capt. ) John Vaughn, who had seen service in border war- 
fare, settled with his sons in 1797." 

Captain Vaughn had several sons and daughters. Old 
residents of Providence remember some of them. John L. 
Travis, of Scranton, has a distinct recollection of John, Jr., 
Moses, and Isaac, three of the captain's sons. There was 
another son, Henry, who seems to have dropped out of the 
memory of the present generation. Samuel Wint, of Provi- 
dence, himself an old soldier, who married one of Postmaster 
Vaughn's daughters, has documents in his possession which 
show that this Henry was commissioned a second lieuten- 
ant in the Sixth Company, 11 6th Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
and that while engaged as a ship carpenter on board the 
steamer Tasmania he fell overboard and was drowned in the 
Mississippi about the year 1821. 

Postmaster John Vaughn, Jr., was born in 1797. In 1842 
he was married to Malvina Marsh, of Carbondale. The follow- 
ing children of the marriage survive : Mrs. Frances Dunn, 
Mrs. Emma Wint, Mrs. Delcie McKean, Mrs. Valvacy Epp- 
ling, and Albert Vaughn, a machinist. 

Mrs. John Vaughn died in February, 1898, aged seventy- 
four years. 

In 1814, when the future postmaster, John Vaughn, Jr., 
was in his seventeenth year, he became a member of a detach- 
ment, under Captain Peter Hallock, from the 35th Regiment 
of old Luzerne county to, go, with four other detachments 
from regiments in adjoining counties, to defend the city of Bal- 



23 

timore when that place was threatened by the British. The 
detachments proceeded as far as Danville, when on the receipt 
of the news of the repulse of the enemy, they were ordered to 
return. 

Postmaster Vaughn received a pension for this service up 
to the time of his death, which occurred in March, 1859. The 
pension was continued to his widow up to the time of her 
demise in February, 1898. Postmaster Vaughn was a Justice 
of the Peace in Providence. He was for many years a prom- 
inent merchant in the borough. He was, at one time, in 
partnership with John Heermans. The two conducted a gen- 
eral store. Mr. Vaughn had also Nathan Wint as a partner; 
that was in 1857-58, a year or two prior to the former's 
death. 

Mr. Vaughn was made a member of Lodge 61, F. & A. 
M., at Wilkes-Barre, in 1825. 

VOLTAIRE SEARLE. 

Voltaire Searle, who succeeded John Vaughn, Jr. , as post- 
master of Providence, was born in 18 10. He was the son of 
Miner and Eunice Searle, and great grandson of Constant 
Searle, one of the victims of the Wyoming massacre. 

Mr. Searle was twice married — the first time in 1837 to 
Miss Caroline T. Vaughn, who bore him three children, 
one of whom, Duane Searle, survives. He is an architect 
and engineer and lives at 21 Astor place, Jersey City, N. J. 
Mr. Searle' s second marriage took place in 1846, and this 
time he was wedded to Miss Amanda Carey. Two children 
were born of this union. They are George Searle, of New 
York, and Joseph Miner Searle, of Pittsburg. 

Postmaster Voltaire Searle came of brave and patriotic 
stock. Pearce's Annals of Luzerne gives the following 
account of the Searle family : 

"In reply to your question, I said that Mr. Stephen Abbot 
married a Searle — Abigail, daughter of William Searle. He 



24 

was a son of Constant Searle. The last named (Mrs. Abbot's 
grandfather) was in the battle. He was a man advanced in 
age, having several sons and daughters married, and being the 
grandfather of several children. 

" 'What ! Old men ! Grandfathers ! were such subject to 
go out ?' 

' 'They were ; the able-bodied men fit for war being 
marched away created the terrible necessity which drew to the 
battlefield old and young. 

"Mr. Searle was there and a son of his, Roger Searle, 
quite a young man ; his son-in-law, Captain Dietrick Hewitt, 
commanded the Third Company raised at Wyoming by order 
of Congress, a very short time before the invasion. 

"So there were three of the family in this engagement. 
A fourth, William Searle, would also have been there, but was 
at the time confined to the house by a wound received from a 
rifle shot while on a scouting party a few days previous to the 
battle. 

"How unsuitable it was that a man like old Mr. Searle 
should go out will further appear from the fact that he wore a 
wig, as was not unusual with aged men in those days. The 
bloody savages, in their riotous joy after their victory, made 
this appendage a source of great merriment. A prisoner 
(adopted, I have reason to think, after the Indian fashion) 
was painted and permitted to go down from Wintermoots to 
Forty Fort to take leave of his mother, under a guard. When 
near the brook that runs by Colonel Denison's he saw a 
group of savages in high glee. On going near he beheld an 
Indian on a colt with a rope over the bridle having on his 
head, hind side before, the wig of Mr. Searle. The colt 
would not go and one of the wretches pricked him with his 
spear. He sprang suddenly ; the Indian fell on one side, the 
wig on the other, and the demons raised a yell of delight. 

"Mr. Searle before he went out to battle took off a pair of 



25 

silver knee buckles which he wore and gave them to his fam- 
ily, saying that they might impede his movements ; if he fell 
he would not need them, and if he returned he could get 
them. There was evidently a strong presentiment in his 
mind, 'I go to return no more.' 

"Old men, unfit for war, by the necessity of the case, were 
forced into the field against trained, youthful and expert war- 
riors. 

' 'The very young were there also. Roger Searle, son of 
Constant Searle, a young man of eighteen or nineteen, stood 
by the side of William Buck, a lad of fourteen. They fought 
together. Buck fell. Searle escaped. 

"William Searle, Mrs. Abbott's father, went out through 
the wilderness with the family, having twelve women and 
children under his care. I have seen a memorandum kept by 
him. It runs thus : 

" 'Battle of Westmoreland, July 3, 1778. 

" 'Capitulation ye 4th. 

" 'Prisoners obtained liberty to leave settlement ye 7th.' 

' 'The account proceeds to the 25th when they arrived at 
their former residence in Stonington, Conn." 

It will be seen from this memoranda that at that time it 
took eighteen days to go from the Wyoming valley to Con- 
necticut. 

Continuing his account of the Searle family, Mr. Pearce 
says : 

"Four of the name, to wit: Roger, William, Constant 
and Miner Searle, were, forty-five years ago (in 1800), among 
the most intelligent and influential citizens upon the Lacka- 
wanna. But they all died in mid-life. Constant, who was in 
the battle, died at Providence, August 4, 1804, aged forty- 
five years. Their descendants retain or possess several of the 
most valuable farms in old Westmoreland." 

In Postmaster Searle' s time Nathaniel Cottrill kept a tav- 



26 

em on the site now occupied by the Bristol House, in Provi- 
dence. Mr. Cottrill also kept a general store on the opposite 
(southwest) corner of the street and the postmaster was once 
a clerk in the latter establishment. 

Voltaire Searle held the office of postmaster at Providence 
between 1839-40. 

JACOB R. BLOOM, SR. 

Jacob R. Bloom, postmaster of Providence from 1840 to 
1845, was born in Bennington, Vermont, November 14, 1802. 
He first settled in Blakely, afterward resided in Dunmore, and 
finally settled in Providence. There were only six houses in 
the north end when he settled there. He was a wheel-wright 
by trade, but was quite handy with all kinds of tools, and 
built with his own hands the house in which he resided. In 
the early forties he owned a hotel on North Main avenue and, 
as a host, he was always noted for his kindness and hospi- 
tality. He was quite liberal in his religious views and loved 
his fellow man of every and no denomination. There was 
nothing narrow or "small" about "Jake" Bloom. Although 
a non-Catholic he donated to the Catholics a large plot of 
land on which they built their church in Providence. He also 
gave several lots to persons too poor to pay for them. 

When Mr. Bloom was constable in Providence there was 
as much, if not more, respect for persons and property as 
when there was a whole squad of police there. 

In politics Mr. Bloom was a pronounced Democrat and 
would never, at any time, nor under any consideration, go 
back on his principles. It was one of his boasts that he voted 
for every Democratic nominee for president, from Andrew 
Jackson, in 1828, to William Jennings Bryan, in 1896. 

Mr. Bloom was three times the Democratic nominee for 
sheriff of Luzerne county, but met with defeat each time. 

He was possessed of considerable wealth but lost most of 
it by assuming several financial obligations incurred by his 
friends. 



27 

Mr. Bloom died at Providence, May 15, 1897. He was a 
member of Hiram Lodge of Masons, organized in Providence 
in 1852. He was twice married and was the father of seven- 
teen children. His first wife was Clara La France. His sec- 
ond wife was Miss Clara Wall, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Wall, of Benton township. 

Five children survive Mr. Bloom. They are Caleb, of 
St. Paul, Minn. ; Mrs. Ruth Clark, of California ; Mrs. C. P. 
Grant, of Green Ridge ; Frank M. , of St. Louis, and Mrs. 
Joseph R. Silkman, of Providence. 

Jacob R. Bloom, Jr., one of the sons of the subject of our 
sketch, was postmaster of Providence from 1867 to 1869. He 
died in 1 87 1. A short biography of him appears elsewhere 
in this book. 

JOHN P. HARDING. 

John P. Harding was postmaster of Providence for one 
year (1845-46) under the administration of James Knox Polk. 
Mr. Harding was an employe in "Nat" Cottrill's hotel at 
"the corners," and was quite popular with all classes of the 
community. His predecessor, J. R. Bloom, notwithstanding 
that he was an ardent Democrat, and an appointee of Presi- 
dent Martin Van Buren, managed to retain his office under 
the administrations of Presidents William Henry Harrison and 
John Tyler until 1845. John Silkman, one of the oldest 
residents of Providence, says that at that time a dispute arose 
between Mr. Cottrill and Mr. Bloom with the result that Mr. 
Cottrill used his influence to have Mr. Bloom superseded by 
Mr. Harding, and succeeded in displacing the latter as post- 
master of Providence. 

DAVID S. KOON. 

David S. Koon was postmaster at Providence from 1846 
to 1849 during the administration of President Polk. He was 
of Knickerbocker Dutch origin. His father, Henry Koon, set- 
tled in New York state and was a soldier in the war of 181 2. 



28 

David S. was born in Dutchess county, September 9, 181 8. 
He received a common school education and graduated in a 
printing office at Carbondale, Pa. He read law in the office 
of D. K. Lathrope, of Carbondale, and was admitted to the 
bar January 5, 1848. He practiced at Carbondale, Provi- 
dence and Pittston. He was appointed cargo inspector of the 
North Branch Canal and had his office at Beech Haven for 
about a year. That was about 1853. He was afterward 
appointed collector of canal tolls, at Pittston, Pa., and held 
this office for four years. 

Mr. Koon was elected to the House of Representatives of 
Pennsylvania in 1866, and in 1867 he was appointed deputy 
revenue assessor under President Johnson. He at different 
times held several township and borough offices. He was 
married in January, 1849, to Eliza A., daughter of Amasa 
Hollister, of Kingston township. He died a few years ago at 
Wilkes- Barre, Pa. 

HENRY REICHARD. 

Henry Reichard, postmaster of Providence between 1849 
and 1 85 1, was born at Easton, Pa., in 18 14. He was a tailor 
by trade. His wife was Catherine Ackerly, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Ackerly, of Abington township. Mr. Reich- 
ard took quite an active interest in politics. In his time it 
was customary to have vocal as well as instrumental music at 
political gatherings and he frequently sang for the delectation 
of the multitude. 

I. A. Reichard, one of Postmaster Reichard' s sons, holds 
an important position in the coal department of the Delaware 
& Hudson Company at Scranton, and another son, N. L. 
Reichard, is an employe of the Ontario & Western Railroad 
at Carbondale. 

CHARLES TOWNSEND ATWATER. 

Charles Townsend Atwater was appointed postmaster of 
Providence in 1851, and died the following year. His widow, 



29 

Elizabeth, finished the unexpired term of his postmastership 

(1852-54). 

Postmaster Atwater was born in New Haven, Conn., 
March 2, 181 3. He was educated in the public schools in 
that city. In the early twenties he came with his father, 
Heaton Atwater, to Mount Pleasant, Wayne county. The 
latter gentleman moved to Hyde Park about the year 1830 
and, for a time, was proprietor of the White hotel. He died 
in Hyde Park in 1832. 

On October 24, 1834, Postmaster Atwater was married to 
Elizabeth Snyder and went to Mount Pleasant where he 
remained a year. He then returned to Providence and 
shortly thereafter went into the mercantile business in that 
place and at Dunmore. He resided at Providence and died 
there October 22, 1853. 

Postmaster Atwater had eight children — three sons and 
five daughters. His oldest son, H. H. Atwater, was for 
forty years cashier of the First National Bank at Patchuna 
and died there August 10, 1897. Charles, the second son, 
now resides in Scranton, and William, the third son, in West 
Pittston. Postmaster Atwater' s daughter, Miss Ellen, was 
married on November 25, 1854, to Charles Law, one of 
West Pittston' s most prominent and respected citizens. The 
couple still reside there. Miss Elizabeth was married to 
Solon Woodward and lives at Carbondale. The three other 
daughters were also married. They were Mrs. Angelina M. 
Gurney, of Vestal, N.Y. , deceased ; Mrs. Mary C. Ryman, of 
Dallas, Pa., deceased, and Mrs. Frances Woodward, of Wil- 
low Springs, Mo. 

Postmaster Atwater was a lineal descendant of David 
Atwater, who emigrated from the South of England, and 
settled in New Haven, Conn., in 1638. David died in that 
city October 5, 1692. One of the ancestors of the subject of 
our sketch was killed in a battle with the British at Cornpo 



?»o 

Hill, April 28, 1777. Postmaster Atvvater was a man of sterl- 
ing honesty and was beloved and respected by all his neigh- 
bors, irrespective of their class, creed or nationality. 

SYLVANUS EASTABROOKS. 

Sylvanus Eastabrooks, postmaster of Providence in the 
year 1854, was born at Wysox, Pa., in February, 1818. He 
learned the wheel-wright trade at Troy, Pa. , and was married 
at that place. He moved to Providence and conducted a 
wagon shop in all its departments until 1841, part of the 
time individually and part of the time as a partner in the 
firm of Eastabrooks & Barton, and later he was in partner- 
ship with Mr. Bell. He moved to Towanda, Pa., in 1864, 
and engaged in the mercantile business for a few years. 
From Towanda he went to Elmira, and was in the service of 
the Northern Central Railroad Company until 1882, when he 
died. Mr. Eastabrooks was a member of the first board of 
school directors of Providence borough. 

W. N. Eastabrooks, a son of the deceased postmaster, 
lives at Elmira, N. Y. He is the vice-president and general 
manager of the New York and Pennsylvania Telephone and 
Telegraph Company. 

DR. HORACE HOLLISTER. 

Dr. Horace H. Hollister succeeded Sylvanus Eastabrooks 
in 1854 as postmaster of Providence, and held the office until 
1 86 1. He was a man of considerable literary ability and the 
writer of some historical works dealing with matters in the 
Lackawanna valley. He was one of the most skillful physi- 
cians in the country and had a large practice. He was of a 
kind, genial disposition and his greatest delight was to go 
about doing good. 

Dr. Hollister was born in Salem, Wayne county, Pa., 
November 2, 1822. He was raised on his father's farm. He 
received a common school education at his home and was a 
pupil in academies at Bethany and Honesdale between 1840 



31 

and 1843. During the summer months of 1837 and 1838 he 
was engaged in transporting general merchandise on the 
North Branch canal, the Union canal and Schuylkill canal 
from Philadelphia to Wilkes-Barre, and was then known as 
Captain Hollister. He afterward studied medicine with Dr. 
Charles Burr, of Salem, with Dr. Ebenezer T. Losey, of 
Honesdale, and with Dr. Benjamin Throop, then of Provi- 
dence. He graduated from the University of the City of New 
York in March, 1846, and immediately began the practice of 
his profession at Providence, Pa. Among his literary works 
are "History of the Lackawanna Valley," "Coal Notes," 
"History of the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company," and 
"Recollections of Our Physicians." He also wrote several 
interesting magazine and newspaper articles. He died in 
Scranton, December 29, 1893. 

Dr. Hollister' s collection of Indian stone relics is acknowl- 
edged to be the largest and most complete of its kind in the 
world. The collection comprises 20,000 pieces of stone, 
burned clay, bone and copper, each piece representing every 
kind of weapon used by the savages of North America. The 
collection is valued at $10,000. Efforts have been made from 
time to time by the Smithsonian Institution at Washington, 
D. C. , to obtain this fine collection, but the doctor refused 
to part with it, and it is still on exhibition at his late residence 
on North Main avenue, Providence. 

Dr. Hollister was a member of several historical societies. 
His talented and gracious sister, "Stella of Lackawanna" 
(Mrs. Harriet G. Watres), is a poetess whose many tender 
and beautiful compositions have delighted thousands of peo- 
ple. Dr. Hollister' s nephew, Dr. P. G. Goodrich, is the 
author of the "History of Wayne County, Pa." 

BENJAMIN P. COUCH. 

Benjamin P. Couch, postmaster of Providence from 1861 
to 1867, was born in Connecticut in 1822, and came at an 



32 

early age to Pennsylvania, settling first at Uniondale. Shortly 
after his arrival there he was joined in marriage to Miss 
Catherine Hice. One son, George D. , was born to them 
June 19, 1848. 

The family moved from Uniondale to Providence in 1853 
and Mr. Couch became a partner in business with Sweet 
Gardner. 

George D. Couch, the postmaster's son, was educated at 
the public schools in Providence and afterward took a short 
commercial course in the Wyoming Seminary. He entered 
the Second National Bank of Scranton at the age of eighteen 
and remained with that institution for a year, after which he 
went to Carbondale and was engaged for twenty-six years as 
teller in the First National Bank there. He also conducted 
an extensive insurance business. Mr. Couch was married to 
Miss Lydia J. Clark, daughter of Stephen S. and Jane (Jor- 
dan) Clark, July 8, 1873. Four children, three of whom sur- 
vive, were born to them. The latter are George Franklin, 
Helen and Fred. Mr. Couch died June 19, 1894. His 
widow, assisted by her eldest son, George, still conduct the 
insurance business started by Mr. Couch at Carbondale. 
Postmaster Benjamin Couch died May 1, 1874. 

JACOB R. BLOOM, JR. 

Jacob R. Bloom, Jr., was postmaster at Providence from 
1867 to 1869. He was a son of Postmaster Jacob R. Bloom, 
Sr. He was born in 1843. He was a carpenter by trade. 
His wife was Miss Marion Burnham, a daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hezekiah Burnham. She is now the principal of the 
public school in Park Place. Mr. Bloom died November 20, 
1 87 1. At the time of his death he was weigh-master and 
telegraph operator for the Delaware & Hudson Company at 
the Cayuga shaft. 

DR. HENRY ROBERTS. 

Dr. Henry Roberts was postmaster of Providence from 
1869 until 1883, when the office there was abolished and 



33 

merged into that of Scranton. He was born June 14, 1821, 
in the township of Eaton, Wyoming county, Pa. His father 
was the Hon. Henry Roberts, for many years associate judge, 
justice of the peace, and one of the commissioners of old 
Luzerne county. 

Dr. Roberts took up his residence in Providence in 1850, 
when it was a small village, and when the land now compris- 
ing Scranton was almost an uninhabited swamp. He received 
a common school education. He entered Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, in May, 1843, and graduated in 1845. 
He married in 1848, Lucetta Hartley, daughter of Judge 
William Hartley, of Susquehanna county. Six children were 
born to them. One of the daughters was the wife of the late 
Dr. Furman B. Gulick, of Scranton, Dr. Roberts practiced 
medicine for five years at Laceyville, Wyoming county, and 
in May, 1850, took up his residence in Providence He was 
a member of an expedition that set out in 1859 to explore the 
country west of the Missouri ; he was accidentally shot by 
the discharge of a gun in the hands of a companion, July, 
1859, and lost the use of his right arm ; he removed to Salt 
Lake City and was the guest of Brigham Young's family phy- 
sician ; he travelled through California ; returned to Provi- 
dence in 1 86 1 and resumed the practice of medicine. 

In 1863 Dr. Roberts enrolled a full company of men in 
less than twenty-four hours and accompanied them to Camp 
Curtin at Harrisburg where he organized the Thirtieth Regi- 
ment of Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia, with W. N. Monies as 
their colonel, and served with it as volunteer surgeon until 
the discharge of the regiment. 

In 1864 he was commissioned by President Lincoln, 
examining surgeon for claimants for pensions and held that 
office for years. In 1866 he was elected a member of the 
select council of the newly formed city of Scranton and was 
re-elected to that office for nine years. 



34 

Dr. Roberts is of Whig stock and when the Republican 
party came into existence he became one of its staunchest 
supporters. He was a candidate for Congress from the 
Twelfth District of Pennsylvania in 1878 and not only secured 
his full party vote, but drew largely from the ranks of the 
Democrats. Dr. Roberts is a man of refinement and culture 
and has a winning manner. He is the soul of honor and is 
intelligent, amiable and wise. 

JOHN W. MOORE. 

John Wildrick Moore was appointed postmaster of Scran- 
tonia in 1850, and held the office for nearly three years. His 
successor was Joel Amsden who was postmaster for only two 
or three months in 1853. 

Postmaster John W. Moore was born in Hardwick, N. J., 
September 28, 1809, and was married to Miss Edna Laing, of 
his native place. At an early age he went to Belvidere, N. 
J., and spent some years there. In 1846 he came to what is 
now Scranton, and opened his tailor shop in the Hollow here. 
He had four sons — Martin, Austin, Sylvester and Eugene. 
Austin died in 1894. The other sons are now living in New 
Jersey. M. G. Moore, son of Austin Moore and grand- 
son of Postmaster Moore, holds a responsible and lucrative 
position with the Cambria Steel Company, at Johnstown, Pa. 

Postmaster Moore was for many years chief clerk in the 
grocery department of the Lackawanna Coal & Iron Com- 
pany's store in Scranton. 

During Mr. Moore's postmastership the name of the post- 
office was changed from Scran tonia to Scranton (January 27, 
1 851). Postmaster Moore died in 1882. 

MAJOR JOEL AMSDEN. 

Major Joel Amsden, who, for a couple of months in 1853, 
was John W. Moore's successor as postmaster of Scranton, 
was born in Hartland, Vt. , September 5, 181 2, and was the 
son of Joseph and Jerusha Brown Amsden. In 1834 he grad- 



uated from the Norwich University — a military academy 
founded at Norwich, Vt. , in 1819 by Captain Alden Partridge, 
a graduate of West Point in 1806. His first employment was 
with what is now the New York, Lake Erie & Western Rail- 
road. From 1838 to 1846 he was the resident engineer of 
Erie and Black River canals with headquarters at Booneville 
and afterward at Rome, N. Y. He then spent three years 
practicing his profession in Boston, Mass., and afterward 
located at Easton, Pa., where he was called to remodel the 
Glendon Iron Works at that place. At the solicitation of 
Colonel George W. Scranton he came to Scranton in 1850, 
and became connected with the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Co. 

Major Amsden laid out for the company the plot for the 
borough of Scranton, and drew plans for St. Peter's Cathe- 
dral. He was the resident engineer of the Northern and 
Southern Division of the D. L. & W. R. R. at Scranton, and 
subsequently chief engineer. From 1857 to the time of his 
death in 1868 he practiced his profession of architect and 
engineer in Scranton. 

During Mr. Amsden' s residence in Rome, N. Y. , he was 
commissioned as brigade inspector, with the rank of major, of 
the Fifth Brigade of Artillery of New York State. He was a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Major Amsden was married at Booneville in 1838, to 
Anna Theresa Power, daughter of Nicholas Power, who 
belonged to a distinguished Waterford and Tipperary Irish 
family of that name. Mrs. Amsden survived her husband 
about fourteen years. Five children were born of the mar- 
riage : Frank P., a student of the Norwich University; Fred. 
J., Lieut. Signal Corps, U. S., Brevet Captain and now an 
architect and highly esteemed and respected resident of 
Scranton ; Anna L. , Charles J. and Victoria A. Admiral 
George Dewey was a graduate of Norwich University, from 
which Major Amsden graduated, and it has been the alma 



36 • 

mater for such distinguished men as Gideon Wells and Ex- 
Governor Horatio Seymour, of New York, and General G. 
M. Dodge. 

Captain Frank P. Amsden, above referred to, was com- 
missioned First Lieutenant, Battery H, First Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Light Artillery, August i, 1861. In the spring of 
1862 he was detailed on recruiting service and placed in 
charge of Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pa. He was afterward 
made Acting Adjutant and Quartermaster of the Artillery 
Battalion, First Division, Fourth Corps, Army of the Poto- 
mac. Just prior to the Peninsular Campaign, Mr. Amsden 
was transferred to Battery G, Seymour's Division, Fifth 
Corps, Army of the Potomac. He was in the battles of 
Mechanicsville, Kings Mills, Charles Street Cross Roads and 
Malvern Hill. 

At Kings Mills, Captain Kern was wounded and Lieuten- 
ant Amsden was put in command. Two of the six guns of 
the Battery were lost. 

At the second battle of Bull Run Captain Kern was killed 
and the remainder of the battery, except two caissons, were 
lost. 

Lieutenant Amsden was then ordered to Washington and 
commissioned captain. He reorganized the battery and was 
assigned to duty with Artillery Brigade, Third Division, First 
Corps, Army of the Potomac. He was engaged in the battle 
of Fredricksburg, December 13, 1862, where his horse was 
shot under him. He served in Burnside's second campaign at 
Chancellorsville. Captain Amsden resigned May 25, 1863, 
on account of disabilities contracted in the service. 

DR. BENJAMIN H. THROOP. 

Dr. Benjamin H. Throop, postmaster of Scranton between 
1853 and 1857, was born in Oxford, Chenango county, N. 
Y., November 9, 1811. He received his earlier education in 
the old Oxford Academy where he had as classmates Hon. 



37 

Horatio Seymour, Hon. Ward Hunt and other distinguished 
men. He graduated in medicine at the Fairfield Medical 
College. 

Dr. Throop first practiced medicine at Honesdale, Pa., 
and rose rapidly to a high position in his profession. He 
removed to Oswego, N. Y. , in 1835 and spent nearly a year 
there. He then went to New York city and practiced his 
profession until 1840 and returning to Pennsylvania the same 
year he settled at Providence, October 8. He soon after 
married a sister of the wife of Sanford Grant, a gentleman 
connected with G. W. and Selden T. Scranton in the pur- 
chase of Slocum Hollow. Of the five children born to Dr. 
and Mrs. Throop only one, Mrs. H. B. Phelps, survives. 
His son, Dr. George S. Throop, was a well known and popu- 
lar young physician, although he did not practice his profes- 
sion to any great extent. He died in 1894. 

Dr. Throop removed to Scranton in 1845. In 1853 he 
purchased valuable tracts of coal land, and when the opening 
of the D. L. & W. R. R. established direct communication 
with New York, the value of these tracts was very much 
enhanced. By leasing some of these valuable properties he 
soon began to acquire wealth, and to extend his operations. 
He organized many companies, laid out the village of Price in 
Blakely township and sold land to the early settlers in that 
place. He took a prominent part in the movement for the 
creation of Lackawanna county. 

He was one of the first physicians of old Luzerne county 
to respond to the call for volunteers in 1861. He was com- 
missioned surgeon of the Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
April 23, 1 86 1, and immediately thereafter established the 
first field hospital. After the battle of Antietam the doctor 
did duty for several weeks as a volunteer surgeon and estab- 
lished the Smoketown field hospital in a forest. All the seri- 
ously wounded were taken there from the other field hospitals 



38 

and treated. Dr. Throop remained with the army till it went 
to Harper's Ferry. The hard work and exposure he had 
been subjected to began to tell on his hitherto splendid phy- 
sique. He suffered from a severe attack of typhoid fever and 
was reluctantly compelled to abandon his army duties. On 
his return home his business engagements required so much 
of his time and attention that he was obliged to give up 
almost altogether the practice of medicine. 

Postmaster Throop was one of the originators of the 
Scranton Gas & Water Company. He organized the first 
milk route in the city and established the first drug store here. 
He contributed to the support of St. Luke's Church of which 
he was a member. He also donated money to churches of 
other denominations. He was prominent in the establish- 
ment of the first lodge of Odd Fellows in Scranton. He was 
one of the incorporators and a member of the first board of 
directors of the Lackawanna Hospital. His daughter, Mrs. 
Horace B. Phelphs, built the Throop Memorial attached to 
the St. Luke's Episcopal Church at a cost of $30,000. It is 
one of the finest institutions of its kind in the county. 

LATON S. FULLER. 

Laton S. Fuller, postmaster of Scranton between 1857 and 
1 86 1, was born on a farm in the Wyoming valley, May 2, 
1824, and continued to reside there till he was twenty-five 
years of age. He was educated in the public schools. He 
was a druggist by profession and conducted a drug store in 
Scranton until 1886, when he retired. In 1891 he built a 
handsome residence at Elmhurst and resided there till shortly 
before his death. The parents of Mr. Fuller were Charles 
and Maria (Scovell) Fuller, natives respectively of Connecti- 
cut and the Wyoming valley. Both of them died at an 
advanced age. They had nine children, the following of 
whom survive : Mary L. , and Mrs. C. E. Brown, both of 
whom reside at Binghamton, N. Y. , and Francis M. 



39 

Postmaster Fuller kept the postofnce in his drug store in 
this city, on Lackawanna avenue near Penn avenue. He 
began business with a very small capital but managed by his 
ability and industry to accumulate a modest fortune. He was 
a Democrat in politics. 

DOUGLAS H. JAY. 

Douglas H. Jay, postmaster of Scranton from 1861 to 
1864, is the son of Nelson and Sydney (Hiles) Jay. He was 
born in Belvidere, Warren county, N. J., December 19, 1830, 
and educated in the schools there. He came to Scranton 
with Colonel Scranton in 1847. 

Mr. Jay remained with Colonel Scranton for some time and 
then served as mail agent under President Pierce on the 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western R. R. He was appointed 
postmaster in 1861 by President Lincoln, but resigned in 1864 
to join the army. He was enrolled as a member of Company 
G, One Hundred and Eighty-Seventh Pennsylvania Infantry, 
and during his service he was detailed as clerk under Gen- 
erals Couch, Cadwalder and Meade. He was mustered out 
in 1865 and returned to Scranton to take a position in the 
postofnce. After a few years he became bookkeeper for the 
Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company and remained with it 
until 1890. 

Mr. Jay served as member of the poor board for six years 
and during his time the Hillside Home was started. He was 
at one time connected with the Odd Fellows and is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity. His wife was Miss Elizabeth 
Carling, and seven children were born to them. The children 
are Ellen C. , wife of Attorney James H. Torrey ; Annie L. , 
wife of H. A. Connell, the well known jeweler ; William C. , 
foreman with the Pennsylvania Roofing Company ; George 
G. , an electrician ; James Scranton, a clerk with the Colliery 
Engineer Company ; Kate, Mrs. R. G. Jermyn, of Oswego, 
N. Y. , and Joseph Nelson, at home. 



40 



A. HAMPTON COURSEN. 



A. Hampton Coursen, postmaster of Scranton from March 
8, 1864, to November 30, 1866, was born in Deckertown, N. 
J., in 1832. He is a self-taught gentleman and a highly- 
respected citizen. He came to Scranton when he was four- 
teen years old, and was engaged as clerk for the Lacka- 
wanna Iron & Coal Company for about three years. He 
went to New York at the age of seventeen and was a clerk 
for his uncle, G. H. Coursen, a wholesale grocer at 76 
Cortlandt street. He remained in New York for three years 
and then returned to Scranton, immediately thereafter going 
to Buffalo, N. Y. , where he was employed in the coal office of 
the D. L. & W. R. R. Co. Coming back to Scranton again 
he was engaged in the same capacity. Then he returned to 
work at the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company's store. 
In 1857, when the financial panic came, the company decreed 
that all unmarried men were to be discharged, and Mr. Cour- 
sen was among the number that had to relinquish his position 
with that corporation. 

After quitting the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company, 
Mr. Coursen was engaged as express messenger for A. D. 
Hope on the Lackawanna & Bloomsburg road. 

In i860 Mr. Coursen was appointed mail agent and was 
engaged in that capacity until 1864, when he was appointed 
postmaster by President Lincoln. 

In 1866 President Johnston removed Mr. Coursen and 
appointed Dr. W. H. Pier to fill his place. Mr. Coursen, 
however, remained in the postoffice for nearly three years 
afterward as Dr. Pier's deputy. 

After leaving the postoffice, Mr. Coursen opened a grocery 
store at 427 Lackawanna avenue where he did a large and 
prosperous business for over twenty years. He now lives 
in retirement with his family at No. 615 Mulberry street, 
Scranton, Pa. 



41 

Mr. Coursen was twice married, his first wife, whom he 
wedded in 1867, was Miss Anna M. Burr, of Northumberland, 
Pa. Two children, Mary B. and Jessie S. , were born of the 
marriage. Miss Jessie is married to B. E. Watson, secretary 
of the Scranton Stove Works. Mr. Coursen' s second wife, to 
whom he was married in 1874, was Miss Kate E. Wheatley, 
of Northumberland, Pa. 

DR. WILLIAM H. PIER. 

Dr. William H. Pier, postmaster of Scranton from 1866 to 
1869, was the only son of William and Caroline (Hathaway) 
Pier. He was born in Warren, Warren county, Pa., in 1822; 
received his diploma from the Chenango County Medical 
Society in August, 1845, and opened an office in the October 
following in Hyde Park. 

Dr. Pier was three times married. His first wife was 
Mary M. , daughter of Dr. Silas B. Robinson, of Hyde Park. 
She died in 1853. His second wife was Frances D. Throop, 
of Nineveh, N. Y. , a niece of the late Dr. Throop. She died 
in 1 87 1. Dr. Walter B. Pier, of Duryea, and Dr. William F. 
Pier, of Avoca, are children of this union. Dr. Pier's third 
wife was Mrs. Coolbaugh (nee Sieger), of Dunmore. 

Dr. Pier was elected prothonotary of old Luzerne county 
in 1 86 1, and served in that office for four years. He was a 
splendid specimen of true manhood, an honor to the people 
and a credit to his profession. He was kind and generous to 
a fault, and was at all times ready to do everything he could 
to relieve human suffering in whatever form it appeared. He 
was beloved by rich and poor alike. 

Dr. Pier was of New England stock. His ancestors came 
to America over one hundred and fifty years ago. He died 
in 1898, at the home of his son, Dr. William F. Pier, in Avoca, 
and was interred in the old Dunmore cemetery. His father 
and mother, and his two first wives were also laid to rest in 
this graveyard. 



42 



JAMES SCOVELL SLOCUM. 

James Scovell Slocum, postmaster of Scranton from 1869 
to 1874, was the son of Laton Slocum and Gratey (Scovell) 
Slocum. He was born July 12, 1827, and was raised on a 
farm in Exeter. He moved to Scranton in 1854. He was a 
Republican in politics, and took an active part in the cam- 
paign of 1856. He was part owner of the Scranton Repub- 
lican. He was elected a member of the Republican State 
Central Committee in i860, and attended the National Con- 
vention in Chicago as a delegate from that body. He fur- 
nished two men to do his share of the fighting in the late 
Civil War, and, in 1862, went himself as a member of the 
Thirteenth Pennsylvania Militia, under Colonel Johnson. In 
1863 he was chairman of the Sanitary Commission at Scran- 
ton, when over $6,000 was raised for the soldiers. 

President Grant reappointed him postmaster in 1874, but 
in a few weeks he resigned the office and went to live on his 
farm at Exeter, where he was elected justice of the peace, 
overseer of the poor and to other offices. 

Postmaster James Slocum' s sister, Frances Carey Slocum, 
was married to Colonel Richard A. Oakford, December 27, 
1843. Three children were born to them — Laton S. , who 
was accidentally killed in Virginia, Major James W. and Miss 
Annie. The latter is married to W. O. Cox. At the break- 
ing out of the Civil War, Colonel Oakford was acting justice 
of the peace. As colonel of the Fifteenth Regiment, he went 
out with the first body of three months men, and on his return 
he raised the One Hundred and Thirty-second Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, of which he was elected colonel. While gallantly 
leading his men in the thickest of the fight he was killed at 
Antietam, September 17, 1862. 

Postmaster Slocum was killed by a Lehigh Valley train 
near Exeter, April 19, 1897. His untimely death was sin- 
cerely mourned by all classes of the community. 



43 



JOSEPH A. SCRANTON. 

Joseph Augustine Scranton, postmaster of Scranton from 
1874 to 1 88 1, is the only son of Joseph H. and Eliza Maria 
(Wilcox) Scranton, and was born July 26, 1838, at Madison, 
Conn. He graduated from Phillips Academy, at Andover, 
Mass., in 1857. He then entered Yale College, but owing 
to delicate health he was compelled to withdraw from that 
institution during the freshman year. 

On July 23, 1864, Mr. Scranton and Miss Ada Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of General A. N. Meylert, were united in mar- 
riage. They have two children, Robert Meylert, born June 
11, 1865, and Eliza, born July 20, 1868. Mrs. Scranton died 
October 22, 1900. 

Robert M. Scranton married Miss Helen L. Sperry, of 
Hartford, Conn., November 19, 1890. They have had no 
children. Mr. Scranton is engaged in partnership with his 
father in the Republican establishment. Miss Eliza Scranton 
was married to Captain Daniel L. Tate, of the United States 
Army, on February 14, 1893. They have one child, Joseph 
Scranton Tate, born December 18, 1894. 

In 1862 President Lincoln appointed Mr. Scranton Inter- 
nal Revenue Collector for the Twelfth Congressional District, 
which then comprised the counties of Luzerne and Susque- 
hanna. He served in that office until 1866. 

In September, 1867, Mr. Scranton purchased an interest 
in the Scranton Republican and founded the daily edition of 
that paper in the following November. In March, 1869, he 
assumed full ownership of the paper, and in 1871 he built the 
fine and well appointed printing house on Wyoming avenue. 
In April, 1888, the Republican was moved to the five-story 
building on Washington avenue, built by Mr. Scranton for 
the business, its growth demanding more commodius quar- 
ters. 

President Grant appointed Mr. Scranton postmaster of 



44 

Scranton April i, 1874, and he was reappointed by President 
Hayes in 1878. 

Mr. Scranton was the Republican candidate for Congress 
for sixteen consecutive years. He was elected to the National 
House of Representatives in 1880 from the Twelfth Congres- 
sional District which then comprised parts of Luzerne and 
Lackawanna counties. He was re-elected to the Forty-ninth, 
Fifty-first, Fifty-third and Fifty-fourth Congresses. During 
his first term in Congress he passed a bill authorizing the erec- 
tion of a Federal buiding in Scranton. In his second term he 
passed a bill securing sessions of the United States courts in 
Scranton, and increased the appropriation for the Scranton 
Federal building to $250,000. During his congressional 
career he introduced and established the letter carrier system 
in the cities of Scranton, Carbondale and Wilkes-Barre. 

Mr. Scranton has been an active member of the Republican 
party for over forty years. In 1872 he was a delegate to the 
National Republican convention at Philadelphia, and in 1888 
a delegate to the National Republican convention at Chicago ; 
has frequently been delegate to the state and county conven- 
tions of the party, and chairman of county committees, both in 
Luzerne and Lackawanna counties. In November, 1900, he 
was elected treasurer of Lackawanna county. 

EDWARD CHARLES FULLER. 

Edward Charles Fuller, postmaster of Scranton from 1881 
to 1885, under the Garfield and Arthur administrations, was 
born in Wyoming, Luzerne county, June 8, 1826. He was a 
brother of Postmaster Laton S. Fuller. He was educated in 
Wyoming Seminary. Having learned the rope-making trade, 
he became salesman for his father in this section of the state. 
After two years of this service he went to Baltimore, Md. , 
where he was clerk in Barnum's hotel, which was at that time 
one of the principal hostelries at "the mouth of the South." 
Returning from there to Scranton he studied pharmacy under 



45 

Dr. Benjamin Throop, and was later associated with the doc- 
tor in the drug business. When this partnership was dis- 
solved, Mr. Fuller went to Hawley, Pa. , and opened a drug 
store there. He removed to Scranton in 1852 and resided in 
the Electric city till the time of his death, which occurred on 
January 25, 1894. 

On his return from Hawley, Mr. Fuller opened a drug 
store at 303 Lackawanna avenue, under the name of L. S. & 
E. L. Fuller, and continued to do business at that stand for 
four years. 

In i860 Mr. Fuller was elected school controller, which 
position he held for several years. He was treasurer of this 
board for some time. In 1890 he was elected assistant 
assessor, retiring in 1893, but remaining for a while in the 
office as a clerk to the board. He was director and treasurer 
of the Lackawanna Hospital, when that institution was estab- 
lished. He was president of the Dunmore Cemetery Associa- 
tion, and was also one of the charter members of the First 
Presbyterian Church. He was a kind, genial and charitable 
man, a splendid conversationalist and popular with all classes. 
He took an active part in politics and was one of the leaders 
of the Republican party. 

On January 2, 1849, Mr. Fuller was married to Miss 
Helen Ruthven, of Wyoming. The three surviving sons of 
this marriage are : Charles R., Edward L. and James A. 
Fuller. Mrs. Fuller died in 1893. 

D. W. CONNOLLY. 

D. W. Connolly, postmaster of Scranton between 1885 
and 1889, was born at Cochecton, Sullivan county, N. Y. , 
April 24, 1847. His parents located in Hyde Park when he 
was only two years of age, and he received his education in 
the public schools of that borough. He was was bright and 
studious and gave promise of making his mark in the world. 
In his nineteenth year he entered the office of the Lacka- 



46 

wanna Herald, which was edited by the late E. S. M. 
Hill, and was employed as a clerk and proof-reader. In 1872 
he was the nominee of the "Labor Reform Party" for the 
district attorneyship. Although he failed of election he 
received very flattering Republican support, especially in his 
own district where he received a large majority of that party's 
vote. In 1878 he was nominated for president judge of 
Lackawanna county by the Democratic and National Green- 
back Labor parties, and received a larger vote than any other 
candidate on the ticket. His opponent was Judge Benjamin 
S. Bentley, of Williamsport. After the election the question 
was brought before the Supreme court that no vacancy for a 
president judge existed, and Mr. Connolly was therefore 
unable to take his seat on the bench. 

In 1882 Mr. Connolly was elected as a Democrat to the 
Forty-eighth Congress, and at the expiration of his term he was 
appointed postmaster by Grover Cleveland. He was an able 
lawyer and a man of unimpeachable character, and was popu- 
lar with all classes of citizens. Mr. Connolly's father was a 
prominent railroad contractor. He married Miss Ann Adelia 
Allyn, a daughter of Deacon Allyn, of Montgomery, Mass., 
whose father fought under General Washington in the War for 
Independence. Miss Allyn' s grandmother was a Tyler and a 
near relative of the president of the United States. 

Postmaster Connolly died December 4, 1894. 

D. M. JONES. 

D. M. Jones, postmaster of Scranton from 1889 to 1893, 
was born at Rhymney, Breconshire, Wales, June 26, 1839. 
He came to America with his father in 1851. The family 
went to Hyde Park in 1854. David worked as a boy in the 
old Diamond mine, and later was apprenticed to the mould- 
er's trade in the foundry of the D. L. & W. R. R. shops. 
In 1858 he traveled in California and other western states, 
where he was engaged in prospecting and mining. He 



47 

returned to Scranton via. the Isthmus of Panama, and in 
1864 he was mustered into Company I, One Hundred and 
Ninety-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry, and was sent to his regi- 
ment. 

On April 2, the day on which Richmond and Petersburg 
fell, he was serving as a corporal in the charge on Fort Gregg, 
and was shot in the right thigh, receiving such a serious 
wound that it was necessary to amputate his leg, the opera- 
tion being performed on the field. He was honorably dis- 
charged from the service, October 1, 1865. He was elected 
alderman of the Fourth ward in May, 1876. In the fall of 
that year he was elected to the legislature and served during 
the sessions of 1877-78. He was appointed deputy city treas- 
urer, under Reese T. Evans, in June, 1878, and succeeded 
him in office by election in February, 1879. He served two 
terms in that office. He was several times chairman of the 
Republican county central committee and its treasurer in 1894. 

President Benjamin Harrison appointed Mr. Jones post- 
master of Scranton April 20, 1889, Mr. Jones being the first 
postmaster appointed under that administration. He held the 
office for four years and one month. Mr. Jones was an active 
business man during all his life. He assisted in organizing 
the Scranton & Pottsville Coal & Land Company, of which 
he was secretary; aided in forming the Cambrian Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, in 187 1, and was treasurer of the concern 
till his death ; was also treasurer of the Schuylkill Coal Com- 
pany, and several other corporations. 

Mr. Jones was for two years associate judge of the mayor's 
court of Scranton. The passage of the bill creating Lacka- 
wanna county was due, in a considerable degree, to his untir- 
ing efforts and the efforts of his friends. 

Mr. Jones was twice married. His first wife was Miss 
Hannah Edwards, of Clifford, Susquehanna county. She 
died in Scranton in December, 1871. Two children were 



48 

born of this marriage, but both of them are deceased. On 
September 23, 1873, Mr. Jones married Miss Annie E. Wil- 
liams, a daughter of James Williams, formerly a merchant of 
Plymouth and now a resident of Nanticoke. Their children 
are Edgar A., Helen E., Dorothy M. and Ethel H. 

Comrade Jones attended several Grand Army encamp- 
ments. He was a member of the Willie Jones Post, No. 199, 
named in honor of his brother ; he was connected with the 
Lieutenant Ezra Griffin Post, No. 139, in which he served as 
quartermaster and trustee. He was a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and was Past Chancellor of Hyde Park lodge, No. 
306. He died October 25, 1896. Mr. Jones was a good and 
patriotic citizen and the world is better for his having lived 
in it. 

FRANK M. VANDLING. 

Frank M. Vandling, postmaster of Scranton from May 13, 
1893, to 1897, was born at Harrisburg, Pa., October 29, 
1865. He is the son of John and Mary (Jack) Vandling, 
natives of Northumberland county and Harrisburg, respect- 
ively. He attended the public schools at Harrisburg; learned 
telegraphy and was appointed operator for the Delaware & 
Hudson Company at Providence, Pa. Immediately thereafter 
he was appointed weigh-master and coal inspector for the 
same company at Moosic, and a year later, general coal 
inspector for the Wilkes-Barre division of the road. He held 
that position until 1893, when he was appointed postmaster 
under Mr. Cleveland's second administration. 

Mr. Vandling is married to Miss Helen Von Storch, 
daughter of Theodore Von Storch. The couple have two 
children, Theodore and Margaret. Mr. Vandling is a mem- 
ber of Hiram lodge, F. & A. M. , and also of Melita Com- 
mandery, K. T. , and the Consistory in Scranton. He is also 
a member of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He 
served for two years in the common council, to which body 



49 

he was elected when he was barely twenty-one years old. He 
is a Democrat, but was elected from a Republican ward in 
Providence. 

He was a member of the Democratic county committee 
from 1890 to 1893, and at different times its chairman, secre- 
tary and treasurer. He was present at every state convention 
of his party since he entered politics, and in 1892 was a dele- 
gate to the National convention at Chicago that nominated 
Grover Cleveland for a second term. He was president of the 
Central Democratic Club in 1890. He was a member of the 
state central Democratic committee that elected William F. 
Harrity to succeed W. L. Scott as national committeeman. 

WILLIAM MERRIFIELD. 

The second postoffice established in the township of 
Providence was at the village of Hyde Park, on July 14, 
1832, and William Merrifield was appointed postmaster. 
Shortly afterwards, having concluded to change his residence, 
he resigned the office and his father, Robert Merrifield, was 
appointed. The office was kept in a small building located at 
the place on Main street where now stands the Masonic hall. 
After an absence of about one year he returned to Hyde Park 
and was reappointed under date of June 16, 1834. He 
removed the office to his store house, a short distance north- 
erly on Main street, and continued postmaster for about nine 
years. The old building, recently remodeled, still remains. 
On April 20, 1867, he was again appointed postmaster of Hyde 
Park by President Johnson. This appointment came wholly 
unsolicited and without his knowledge, having been made 
through the instrumentality of United States Senator Charles 
R. Buckalew. He erected a small building on the very spot 
where the postoffice had first been established and continued 
to hold the office for about two years, with his son, William, 
as chief deputy. 

He was the second son of Robert Merrifield, whose bio- 



50 

graphical sketch follows. He was born in Dutchess county, 
New York, April 22, 1806. A few years after he had come to 
Providence township, in 18 19, he engaged in teaching school, 
and was thus employed at Wyoming, Pa., when he made the 
acquaintance of Almira Swetland, whom he married on 
April 14, 1831. He entered into the mercantile business 
at Hyde Park, but through the solicitation of his brother-in- 
law, William Swetland, went to Centremoreland and opened 
a store. Here he was appointed postmaster. He returned 
to Hyde Park in about one year, where he continued the mer- 
cantile business, with the exception of occasional intervals, for 
more than forty years. 

In 1842 he was elected a member of the house of represen- 
tatives of Pennsylvania from Luzerne county. He was re-el- 
ected in 1843 and in 1844. The main issue at the time was 
the erection of the new county of Lackawanna. At the ses- 
sion of 1843, it was passed through the house and only 
defeated in the senate by a tie vote. 

October 14, 1856, he was elected an associate judge of 
Luzerne county, which office he held for the term of five 
years. April 5, 1867, he was appointed one of the council 
for Hyde Park borough, and at different times served as 
school director. June 16, 1869, he was appointed mayor of 
Scranton in place of E. S. M. Hill, resigned, but refused to 
take upon himself the duties of the office. In Aguust, 1870, 
he was elected president of the Hyde Park Bank, holding the 
position until his death. During his administration the institu- 
tion had the confidence of the public and was prosperous. 

In 1838 he, with William Rickeson and Zeno Albro, 
became the purchasers from the Slocum heirs of five hundred 
and three acres of land which now comprises the very heart of 
the business portion of the city of Scranton. They imme- 
diately set to work, by correspondence and otherwise, to call 
attention to the mineral wealth of this section and the advan- 



51 

tages of the locality for manufacturing purposes ; and in 1840 
made a sale thereof to the Scrantons and Grant. 

He died at his home in Hyde Park on June 4, 1877. He 
was a man of learning and ability and the esteem in which he 
was held by the community, was attested by the closing of 
the business places in Hyde Park on the day of his burial. 
He was the father of six children, all having died, with the 
exception of Edward Merrifield, the well known lawyer of 
Wyoming avenue. 

Following is a copy of William Merrifield' s first commis- 
sion as postmaster : 

POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT, 

~ _ Washington, 14th July, 1832. 

I have concluded to establish a postoffice, by the name of 
Hyde Park, in the county of Luzerne and state of Pennsyl- 
vania, and to appoint you postmaster thereof, in which 
capacity you will be authorized to act, upon complying with 
the following requirements : 

1st. To execute the enclosed bond, and cause it to be 
executed by two sufficient sureties, in the presence of suitable 
witnesses, and the sufficiency of the sureties to be certified by 
a qualified magistrate. 

2nd. To take and subscribe the oath or affirmation of 
office enclosed, before a magistrate, who will certify the same. 

3rd. To exhibit your bond and qualification duly exe- 
cuted, taken and certified as aforesaid, to the postmaster of 
Pittston, and then to deposit them in the mail, addressed to 
this department, office of appointments. 

You are then entitled to enter on the duties of the office. 

A packet, containing a mail key, blanks, laws and regula- 
tions of the department, and a table of postoffices, is trans- 
mitted to you, addressed to the care of the postmaster of 
Pittston, Luzerne county, Pa. 






52 

After the receipt, at this department, of your bond and 
qualifications, duly executed, taken and certified, and after 
my approval of the sufficiency of the same, a commission will 
be sent to you. 

This letter will be your authority for calling on the mail 
carrier to supply your office with mail. 

It will be your duty to continue in the charge of the office, 
personally or by assistant, till you are relieved from it by the 
consent of the department, which will be signified by the dis- 
continuance of your office or appointment of your successor. 

The quarters expire on the 31st of March, 30th of June, 
30th September, and 31st December. Accounts must be 
rendered for each quarter. 

Postmasters are unauthorized to give credit for postage. 
Want of funds, therefore, is no excuse for failure of payment. 

Payments to the department must be punctually made, if 
called for by drafts, whenever the draft is presented. 

If deposits are ordered, they should be made within ten 
days after the termination of the quarter, unless required to 
be made sooner. 

No postmaster must change the name by which his office 
is designated on the books of the department, without my 
order therefor previously given. 

Be careful, in mailing letters, to postmark each one, in all 
cases, with the name of your office and state ; and in all com- 
munications to the department, to embrace, in the date, the 
name of your postoffice, county (or district) and state. 

Special attention to the foregoing instructions, and a care- 
ful perusal of, and frequent reference to, the law and general 
instructions, are expected of you and your assistants. 
I am respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. T. Barry, 

by J. N. Hobbie, 
To William Merrifield, Esq., Ass't P. M. Gen'l. 

Hyde Park, Pa. 



53 



ROBERT MERRIFIELD. 

The second postmaster of Hyde Park was Robert Merri- 
field, whose commission is dated August 9, 1832. The 
location of the office was not changed. He remained post- 
master until 1834, when he resigned, and William Merrifield 
was reappointed. 

Robert Merrifield was born in Columbia county, New 
York, on November 16, 1778; was married to Catherine 
Welsey, February 12, 1804, by whom he had five children. 
In 18 19 he moved with his family to Pennsylvania, settling 
upon lands in the immediate vicinity of what subsequently 
became Hyde Park village. In due time he became the 
occupant of the place owned by Rev. William Bishop, the 
pioneer preacher of this region, and the first settler on the 
church lands in Providence township which had been set 
apart by the Susquehanna Land Company for religious pur- 
poses. Here he was principally engaged in cultivating the 
farm of his son William. He died December 29, 1864, 
beloved as a good citizen and universally respected for his 
unflinching integrity. 

His father was William Merrifield, born in Rhode Island 
in 1752. From there he went to Dutchess county, New 
York. In this and the adjoining county of Columbia he fol- 
lowed the occupation of a school teacher. He died in 1836. 

His father, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was 
Robert Merrifield, born in Devonshire, England, in 1703. He 
was at one time an officer in the British Navy. 

He emigrated to Rhode Island about 1740, and subse- 
quently went with his family to Dutchess county, New York, 
where he died in 1800. 

JOSEPH GRIFFIN. 

Joseph Griffin was the third postmaster appointed at Hyde 
Park. His appointment occurred during the administration 
of John Tyler in the year 1843. Mr. Griffin was postmaster 



54 

until 1846 when he was succeeded by O. P. Clarke. He 
moved the office from the village proper down to the store of 
William Blackman at Fellow's corners and held it about two 
years. Mr. Blackman, whose wife was a niece of Mr. Griffin, 
had almost the entire charge. 

Joseph Griffin was born in Westchester county, New 
York, just prior to the year 1800. He was one of five 
brothers who came to Providence township, Stephen, 
Thomas, James, Isaac and Joseph. The latter came in 18 16, 
and shortly purchased from a William Taylor a large farm at 
the lower end of the city, which included what is known as 
the round woods. He was at one time a justice of the peace of 
Providence township. In 1839 he was elected to the state 
legislature, serving one term. He was a man of intelligence 
and filled the various offices to the satisfaction of the public. 
His children were Henry, Joseph, Buriah, Adam, Mary, John, 
Elizabeth and Annie. During his life Henry was quite prom- 
inent in this city. He was one of the originators of the Hill- 
side Home for the Poor and occupied various public positions. 
They are all dead, with the exception of Buriah, now in the 
eighties, and living with his son on Market street, in this city. 

OLIVER P. CLARKE. 

Oliver P. Clarke, postmaster at Hyde Park from 1846 to 
1857, was born in Wurtsboro, Ulster county, N. Y. , in 18 18. 
His parents were from Connecticut. At an early age he be- 
came a clerk in Honesdale, Pa. From there he went to 
Waymart and engaged in mercantile business. He came to 
Hyde Park in 1845 and entered into partnership with William 
Blackman, whose store was at Luzerne street and South Main 
avenue. In 1848 he moved to what is now 120 South 
Main avenue. He retired from business in 1871 and died at 
his home in 1889, aged seventy-two years. In politics he 
was a Republican. He was a public spirited citizen and was 
highly esteemed by everybody. 



55 

Mr. Clarke's wife was Miss Sarah A. Barton, of Washing- 
ton, N. J. She died in Scranton in 1886. Seven children, 
four of whom are living, were born to them. Edwin A. is 
treasurer and manager of the Clarke Store Company of 
Scranton, and secretary, treasurer and manager of the West 
Ridge Coal Company. He received his education in the 
public schools and at the Claverack College, near Hudson, 
N. Y. Like his worthy father, he takes a deep interest in all 
that concerns the welfare of the city, and is quite popular 
with the whole community. He married Miss Kate A. 
Tanner, daughter of Alonzo Tanner, of Prompton, Wayne 
county, who for many years was connected with the Delaware 
& Hudson Railroad & Canal Company. They have two 
sons, Fred. A. and Edwin H. They are bright and prom- 
ising boys whose education is being carefully attended to. 

DR. SILAS M. WHEELER. 

Dr. Silas M. Wheeler was postmaster of Hyde Park from 
1857 to 1861, under the administration of James Buchanan. 
Dr. Wheeler located the office at the store of R. W. Luce, 
immediately opposite Price street, and made him the deputy. 
He was succeeded as postmaster by Joseph Turvey Fellows, 
who was appointed during the presidency of Abraham Lincoln. 

Dr. Wheeler was born in Delaware county, New York, 
October 3, 18 16. He received an academic education, read 
medicine and graduated at the University of New York. On 
March 20, 1849, he was married to Sarah G. Russell, of 
Windham, Bradford county, Pa., who is now residing with her 
daughter in Scranton. 

Early in his professional career the doctor located at 
Hyde Park, where he became eminent as a skillful prac- 
titioner. He was a man of decided ability. In politics he 
was democratic, and devoted considerable of his time thereto, 
at one time holding the position of editor of the Herald of the 
Union. In the early sixties he moved to Waverly, Pa., 



56 

where he devoted his entire time to his profession. He died 
there on April i, 1876. He was a man of sterling character 
and honesty. 

JOSEPH TURVEY FELLOWS. 

Joseph Turvey Fellows was appointed postmaster of Hyde 
Park by President Lincoln in 1861, and served until 1866. 
Mr. Fellows' deputies were Fred. W. Mason, his son-in-law, 
and Orrin Frink. 

Postmaster Fellows was born August 30, 18 13, on the old 
homestead known as Fellows' Corners. He was educated in 
the public schools. He was married about the year 1830 to 
Marilla Pettibone, sister of the late Payne Pettibone, of 
Wyoming. The couple had several children of whom the fol- 
lowing survive : Mrs. F. W. Mason, Mrs. S. B. Mott, Mrs. 
Caroline P. Fenner (of Ashley, Pa.), Mrs. Martha Heiser, 
Mrs. Frances Edwards, and one son, Edward Allen Fellows. 
The postmaster was the son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Fel- 
lows. Benjamin was the son of Joseph, Sr. , who with his 
entire family emigrated from England to America, coming 
over here in the good ship "Fair America." He was born in 
1755 in the city of Worcester, England, and was married to 
Catherine Turvey on July 3, 1776, in the town of Dudley, 
Worcestershire. The following children were the result of 
the union: Joseph, born at Redditch, England, July 2, 1782, 
Elizabeth, born February 9, 1784 (married Ephriam Leech 
in this country); Nancy, born April 5, 1786 (married Zeph- 
aniah Knapp) ; Mary, born August 10, 1789, in the city of 
Worcester (married Philip Heermans) ; Benjamin, father 
of Postmaster Joseph Turvey Fellows, born September 21, 
1 79 1, in the city of Worcester (married Elizabeth La- 
France) ; Lydia May, born May 23, 1793, at Worcester 
(married Benjamin Brown); Henry Tread well, born at sea, 
September 25, 1794 (married Jerusha Griffin, daughter o 
Stephen Griffin) ; Sylvanus, born in Providence in 1798 



57 

(married Maria Griffin, sister of Jerusha) ; Catherine, born in 
1800 in Providence (married Dr. Hill, of Genesee, N. Y., 
who was a graduate of Oxford University, England). On the 
death of Catherine, his first wife, in 18 14, Dr. Hill married 
Margaret Simrell, of Scott township, who bore him two 
children — Artemesia, born in 18 19, and Alfred, born April 30, 
1 82 1. Both of them went west and settled there. 

John Fellows, a brother of Postmaster Joseph Turvey, was 
the father of Mayor John Fellows and of Horatio, who has 
held some public offices in the city of Scranton. 

Eugene Fellows, secretary of the school board of the city 
of Scranton, is a son of Joseph Fellows, who is a grandson of 
the Joseph Fellows first mentioned. 

DR. AUGUSTUS DAVIS. 

Dr. Augustus Davis, postmaster of Hyde Park from 1866 
to 1867, was born in Jaffrey, N. H., December 4, 1827. He 
was married to Miss Marietta Muzzy, at Jamaica, Vt. , Decem- 
ber 6, 1848. Three children were born of this union — 
J. Alton Davis, the well-known Scranton lawyer, who died 
November 19, 1897; Edward Allen Davis, who died July 15, 
1872; and Fred. Whitney Davis, who is now a practicing 
physician and surgeon in East Orange, N. J. The late post- 
master served for nine months as an assistant surgeon of the 
One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteer In- 
fantry. He was a good and patriotic citizen, and popular 
with everybody. 

Mrs. M. M. Davis, the postmaster's widow, survives him. 
Dr. Sumner D. Davis, a nephew of the late doctor, and who 
was his deputy in the Hyde Park postoffice, is also a medical 
gentleman. He was postmaster of Jermyn, Pa., from 1871 to 
1 88 1 and from 1885 to 1889. He still resides in that town. 

MAJOR M. L. BLAIR. 

Major M. L. Blair, postmaster of Hyde Park from 1869 to 



58 

1873. was born in Madison county, New York, January 18, 
1836. He is the son of Alvan and Vernera (Brooks) Blair. 
Major Blair is of Scotch-Irish origin. His father, Alvan, 
served in the war of 181 2 and took part in the battle of Sack- 
ett's Harbor. He was a well-to-do farmer. In politics he 
was a Republican. He died in 1882, and his wife Vernera 
(Brooks) died about the same time in her native town, Pow- 
nal, Vt. 

Major Blair was educated in the schools of his native dis- 
trict and at the Cazenovia Seminary. He taught school in 
Madison county, New York, and in 1858 went to Hick's 
Ferry, near Wilkes-Barre, where he was also engaged in 
teaching. He came to Hyde Park in 1859 and opened a 
school at Tripp's crossing. He then embarked in the grocery 
and provision business, with W. H. Freeman as his partner. 

Major Blair has a splendid army record. In 1862 he was 
commissioned a second lieutenant by the governor of the 
state, and he recruited a company, known as Company E, 
which was the nucleus of what afterward became the famous 
One Hundred and Forty-third Pennsylvania Infantry. The 
regiment was mustered in in August, 1862, at Camp Luzerne. 
Mr. Blair being elected captain. After being in camp for six 
weeks the One Hundred and Forty-third went to the front 
and fought gallantly in several battles, among them the fol- 
lowing : Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rap- 
pahannock, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna River, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldron Railroad and Hatcher" 
Run. Captain Blair's company was in the thickest and 
bloodiest part of the fight on the first day at Gettysburg 
and was nearly annihilated. Out of sixty-nine men that 
went into the fray in the morning only eleven escaped from 
being either killed, wounded or captured. Captain Blair 
himself was so seriously wounded that he was sent home to 
have his injuries attended to and recuperate. After three 



59 

months' rest he again reported for duty and resumed com- 
mand of his company. He was mustered out June 13, 1865. 

So undermined was Major Blair's constitution from the 
wounds he received in the war and the hardships he endured 
that he was unable to engage in any active business for some 
time. When he was somewhat restored to health he went 
into partnership with C. H. Wells in the insurance and real 
estate business. 

In 1876 Major Blair was elected alderman of the Fifth 
ward on the Republican ticket, was re-elected several times to 
fill the same office, and has been an alderman longer than any 
other magistrate in Scranton. He is a strong advocate of 
Republican principles. He never allows his politics, how- 
ever, to interfere with the performance of his magisterial duties. 

Major Blair's wife was Miss Hattie Phillips. She was born 
in Nusquehoning, Carbon county, Pa. She was a daughter 
of the late Thomas Phillips, an expert mining engineer, who 
for some time was connected with the Delaware, Lackawanna 
& Western Railroad. 

Five children were born to Major and Mrs. Blair. One of 
the daughters, Annie V. , died at the age of fifteen. The four 
surviving children are L. Augusta, Thomas A. , Edith Wynn, 
and M. L., Jr. 

After the war Major Blair became a member of the staff of 
Commander General E. S. Osborne of the Ninth Division, N. 
G. P., and held the rank of major and paymaster for eight 
years. He is a member of Hyde Park lodge, No. 339, F. & 
A. M., and of Lieutenant Ezra S. Griffin post, No. 139, 
G. A. R. 

THOMAS D. THOMAS. 

Thomas D. Thomas was the last postmaster of Hyde Park. 
He held the office from 1873 to 1883. Mr. Thomas was born 
at Blaina, Monmouthshire, England, in 1827. He came to 
America in 1848, and shortly thereafter settled in Hyde Park. 



60 



In 1854 he was married to Miss Martha Edwards. Four 
children — Mary, Margaret, Jennie and Martha — were born of 
this union. 

While serving as foreman in the Mount Pleasant mine in 
1868, Mr. Thomas met with an accident which crippled him 
somewhat for the remainder of his life. He died in May, 
1898. He was a Republican in politics and was appointed 
postmaster of Hyde Park by Ulysses Grant. 

Postmaster Thomas was of a kind and genial disposition 
and a man of industrious habits. 



Lackawanna County Postofftces. 

Before the division of the county of Luzerne and the crea- 
tion of the county of Lackawanna, the undermentioned post- 
offices existed, and most of them are still in operation. 

Gouldsboro. — The postoffice at Gouldsboro, now called 
Thornhurst, was established in 1856, and Jay Gould, the 
famous railroad and telegraph operator and multi-millionaire, 
was the first postmaster in that place. 

Carbondale. — Carbondale postoffice was established in 
August, 1829, with James W. Goff as postmaster. His suc- 
cessors were William Eggleston, 1833 ; Horatio S. Pierce, 
J 839 ; J. P. Williams, Calvin Benjamin, and C. T. Pierson, 
1841 ; Martin Curtis, 1842 ; F. M. Crane, 1843 ; H. P. 
Ensign, 1844 ; Joseph Gillespie, 1849 ; Anthony Grady, 
1854 ; D. N. Lathrop, 1861 ; Wm. R. Baker, 1864 ; Daniel 
Prendergast, 1867 ; P. S. Joslin, 1869 ; E. Y. Davis, 1882 ; 
Joseph Powderly, 1886 ; W. L. Yarrington, 1890 ; John 
Nealon, 1894 > J- H. Thomas, 1899. 

Jermyn. — Under the name of Gibsonburg, the postoffice 
was established at Jermyn in 1869. The name of the post- 
office was changed to Jermyn in 1874. John Gardner was the 
first postmaster there. He came from Nottinghamshire, Eng- 
land, to Carbondale in 1845 ; married Elizabeth Pratt, a 
native of Yorkshire, England, by whom he has five children 
living. He has been justice of the peace for over twenty 
years ; most of his life in this country has been passed at 
Archbald and Jermyn. His successors as postmasters were 
Dr. S. D. Davis, 1871 to 1881 ; Dr. T. C. Church, 1881 to 
1885 ; Dr. S. D. Davis, 1885 to 1889 ; Thomas Walkey, 
1889 to 1895 ! Thomas A. Hendrick, 1895 to 1899 ; John B. 
Griffiths, 1899. 

Archbald. — The postoffice was established at White 



62 

Oak Run, now the borough of Archbald, in 1847. The first 
postmaster was G. H. Snyder. His successors since 186 1 
were George Simpson, Charles Law, William Muir, Jacob 
Ritter, Edward Carroll, M. M. Gilroy, A. J. Mullen, Thomas 
Cosgrove and James O'Rourke. C. C. Battenburg is the 
present postmaster. His son, A. Battenburg, is a prom- 
inent member of the Lackawanna bar. 

Moscow. — The Moscow postoffice was established in 
1850. The first postmaster here was Leander Griffin. His 
successors were E. Simpson, William Brown, Joseph Love- 
land, J. Smith, James Parry, O. E. Vaughn, H. L. Gaige, 
Lue Pyle, R. Ehrhart and John A. LaTouche. The present 
postmaster is O. E. Vaughn. 

LaPlume. — The postmaster at this place in 1876 was 
William Slocum, an uncle of Joseph Warren Slocum, of 
Scranton. His successors were George T. Bailey, John Bailey, 
William Slocum, Mrs. William Slocum, R. H. Holgate, J. 

F. Tillinghast, Harry Kulp, George T. Bailey. 
Olyphant. — The postoffice at Olyphant was at first 

known as Blakely, and was on the north side of the river. In 
1867 the office was removed to Olyphant. 

Dickson City Borough. — Dickson City Borough post- 
office was established in 1874 with L. E. Judd as postmaster. 
His successors were Thomas Grier and Mathew McPherson. 
The office was always in the store of the Elk Hill Coal & 
Iron Company until the store business was discontinued last 
year and the postoffice removed. 

Dunmore. — The Dunmore postoffice was opened in 1848. 

G. P. Howell was the first postmaster. He was succeeded by 
Francis Quick, H. Sommers, George M. Black, A. J. Weid- 
ner, H. Sommers, D. H. Himrod, P. J. Duggan, Miss B. T. 
Mooney, Frank McDonald, Marcus K. Bishop. 

Clark's Green. — The postoffice at Clark's Green was 
opened in 1850, with S. H. Northup as postmaster. 



63 

Leach Flats. — Leach Flats postoffice was established in 
1880 under the name of Chinchilla. George Tanner was the 
first postmaster. 

Glenburn. — Glenburn was incorporated as a borough in 
1877. The first postmaster was A. Ball. His successors 
were W. H. H. Wolfe, Eugene H. Reed, and W. H. H. 
Wolfe. 

Dalton. — Dalton postoffice was established in 1854. H. 
L. Hallstead was the first postmaster. His successors were L. 
R. Green, N. D. Green, C. L. Briggs, H. H. Hoffecker, Asa 
Eaton, F. L. VanFleet, E. E. Rice. 

Abington and Waverly. — Elder John Miller was the 
first postmaster, teacher and preacher at Abington. He was 
a native of Windham county, Conn. , and came to Abington 
in 1775. He is credited with having preached 1,800 funeral 
sermons and baptized 2,000 persons. He often conducted 
revival meetings, too. He died in 1857, aged 82 years. 
When the Abington postoffice was moved to Waverly, Dr. 
A. Bedford was appointed postmaster. 

Fleetville. — Fleetville's first postmaster was John 
Wells. F. Chase also held the office. 

Clifton. — Clifton's first postmaster was H. W. Drinker. 
The office was established about 1852. William Reese, a large 
lumber dealer, was also postmaster for a time. 

Daleville. — David Dale was the first postmaster at 
Daleville, and he was succeeded by his son, William Dale. 
Daleville was named for the Dales, who emigrated from Eng- 
land in 1819. 

Kizer's Mills and Drinker. — Postoffices were estab- 
lished at Kizer's Mills and Drinker in 1875 and 1879 respect- 
ively. H. A. Kizer was the first postmaster at the former 
place, and G. M. Keyes at the latter. 

Madisonville. — The first postmaster at Madisonville, in 
Madison township, was John Evans. His wife was afterward 
postmistress of the place. 



64 

Newton Township. — Henry Litts was the first post- 
master in Newton township. He came here with his family 
from Sussex county, N. J., in 1816. He transported all his 
earthly possessions from New Jersey to Pennsylvania on a 
sled drawn by a single yoke of oxen. In 1842 he built a 
frame dwelling, near Buttermilk Falls, and in 1844 he was 
appointed postmaster. The mail was brought once a week 
on horseback from Old Forge. Chauncey Sherwood suc- 
ceeded Mr. Litts and removed the office to Newton Centre. 

Bald Mount and Schulzville. — At Bald Mount the 
store and first postoffice was kept by J. Hill, and at Schultz- 
ville, H. F. Barrett was the first postmaster. 

Old Forge. — The first postmaster at Old Forge was 
William Drake. The Drakes were pioneer settlers in this 
place. 

Ransom Township. — Benjamin Gardner, whose grand- 
father was tortured to death by Indian squaws, a few days 
before the Wyoming massacre, was the first postmaster in 
Ransom township. The office was at Gardner's Ferry. Ben- 
jamin, although paralyzed, was quite an active business man. 
Milwaukee, Ransom village and Mountain Valley in this 
township, were also postoffice towns. 

Dunnings. — The Dunnings postoffice in Roaring Brook 
township was established in 1852 and D. J. Peck was the first 
postmaster. The village is called after Gilbert Dunning who 
formerly owned all the land on which Dunnings stands. 

Scott Township. — The first postoffice in Scott township 
was a short distance south of Heart Lake, on the Dundaff 
turnpike. Charles Berry was the first postmaster. He was 
succeeded by Wilmot Vail and the latter by Daniel Vail. 
The Berrys came from Connecticut and the Vails from 
Orange county, New York. Both families settled in Scott 
township in 1806 and 1808. Green Grove and Scott village 
in this township also have postoffices. 



65 

Spring Brook Township. — The first postmaster in 
Spring Brook township was William C. Turner. His office 
was near William Davis' store in Spring Brook village. The 
Turners settled in this township in 1832. The first mail was 
carried by George Swartz. William Davis was also post- 
master at Spring Brook. 

Yostville. — Yostville is called after Joshua Yost who 
went there in 1870 and in partnership with his son he now 
conducts a large lumber business. The postoffice was estab- 
lished there in 1876 and Joshua Yost has been postmaster 

since that time. 

postoffice at pittston. 

In regard to the establishment of the postoffice at Pittston, 
Luzerne county, the "History of Luzerne, Lackawanna and 
Wyoming Counties," says: "When the weekly mail route 
was established in 1799 between Wilkes-Barre and Owego, 
the mail for Pittston was distributed from the houses of Wil- 
liam Slocum and Dr. Gibbings, and this irregular arrange- 
ment continued until 18 10 as a sort of branch, by way of the 
Ferry, from the regular route, which was on the opposite side 
of the Susquehanna. 

"In 181 1 a postoffice was established and Eleazer Carey 
was appointed postmaster. The route from Scranton to 
Wilkes-Barre supplied the office with weekly mail. Deodat 
Smith and Zephaniah Knapp were mail carriers on this route 
till about 1 82 1. Zephaniah Knapp, the second postmaster 
here, caused the removal of the office to Babylon and soon 
afterward the Pittston Ferry postoffice was established with 
John Alment as postmaster. Alment was an Irish Quaker, 
blind in one eye. He had kept an early store in a log house, 
near the Hughestown cemetery. The boys had robbed him 
and made his business quite unprofitable, so he bought a 
frame building on Parsonage street and moved it to the site of 
Pugh Brothers store on Main street. ' ' 



66 

The successive postmasters have been Abram Bird, Dr. 
Arison G. Curtis, William S. Ridin, Charles R. Gorman, 
James Searle, James Walsh, George M. Richart, Benjamin 
Ensign, J. B. Shifter, E. F. Ensign, Jeremiah B. Shifter, 
Stephen B. Bennett, Cyrus K. Campbell, John H. Mullin, 
Theo. Hart. The latter gentleman was also editor and pro- 
prietor of the Pittston Gazette, and was appointed postmaster 
in 1898. He served until his death, which occurred in April, 
1901. 

HARRISON, SCRANTONIA, SCRANTON. 

Many otherwise well informed persons believe that the 
postoffice on its re-establishment in Old Slocum Hollow was 
known officially by the name of "Harrison," but this is a 
mistake. 

SCRANTONIA POSTOFFICE. 

J. C. Piatt, in his "Reminiscences," says : "I am 
indebted to Hon. Joseph A. Scranton for a late letter from 
the third assistant postmaster general, A. D. Hazen, which 
states the postoffice at Unionville was established January 10, 
181 1, under the name of 'Providence,' and the Hyde Park 
postoffice July 14, 1832, and both continued under their 
respective names until merged into the carrier delivery system 
of Scranton, October 23, 1883. Also that the office of Scran- 
tonia was established April 1, 1850, and changed to Scranton 
January 23, 1851. Its location here is the best evidence that 
it was then, as now, the business centre of this neighborhood, 
doubtless owing to its grist and saw mill, iron forge and dis- 
tilleries." 

IN HONOR OF HARRISON. 

The "History of Luzerne, Lackawanna and Wyoming 
Counties," says : "The village had a population of 100 in 
1840, and was laid out on a circumscribed scale in 1841 by 
Captain Stott, a Carbondale civil engineer. William Henry, 
whose sterling perseverance had sowed the seeds of progress 



67 

at the Hollow, was deeply interested in the election of Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison to the Presidency of the United States, 
and in honor of his favorite candidate he gave the embryo 
city the name of Harrison in 1845, at which time the popula- 
tion was 500. 

"The people were not ready to adopt it and the old name 
of Slocum Hollow still clung to the locality, even after it had 
attained a population of 2,730, and been rechristened, in 
honor of its founders, Scrantonia ; which name, likewise, did 
not fit nicely to the lingual capacities of the denizens of the 
Hollow, although the name, Scrantonia, had been given to 
the postoffice on its re-establishment, after much difficulty 
had been overcome, April 1, 1850. The postmaster was John 
W. Moore, for many years a merchant and now retired resi- 
dent of Scranton. [Mr. Moore has died since this was writ- 
ten]. 

"J. C. Piatt received the first letter and the first news- 
paper through the office. January 23, 1851, the name of the 
postoffice was shortened to Scranton, and so the borough and 
city have justly been known since. 



ctiPPENDIX. 



^National (Association of Letter Carriers' Convention, 

The annual convention of the National Association of Let- 
ter Carriers was held in Scranton, Pa. , during the week begin- 
ning September 4, 1899. Nearly 1,000 delegates were pres- 
ent and over 5,000 carriers from all parts of the United 
States took part in the magnificent parade on Monday after- 
noon, September 4. 

Almost every building in the city was decorated, and at 
night these buildings were ablaze with electric lights. Wash- 
ington avenue was especially beautiful. Electric arches span- 
ning the thoroughfare, an electric pillar at the corner of Lin- 
den street, and an electric flag on the postoffice building pro- 
duced effects that were bewitchingly charming. Thousands 
viewed the parade and gave the letter carriers a splendid 
reception. 

Major T. F. Penman, chairman of the reception com- 
mittee, received Governor William A. Stone, of Pennsylvania, 
at the depot early in the day. The governor was accompan- 
ied by Deputy Attorney General Frederick Fleitz. Mr. Pen- 
man escorted both gentlemen to the Hotel Jermyn, where Con- 
gressman William Connell awaited them and took them to his 
home in his carriage. Mr. Connell then went to the depot 
where he met Postmaster General Charles Emery Smith, 
whom he also conveyed to his residence. President John M. 
Parsons, of the association, and Hon. H. B. Dickerson, of 
Detroit, Mich. , arrived in Scranton by later trains. Several 
of the wives and daughters of the visiting delegates and car- 
riers arrived by different trains throughout the day also, and 
were taken in hand by the Ladies' Auxilliary entertainment 
committee of Scranton and escorted to places where refresh- 
ments and amusements were provided for them. 

Postmaster Ezra H. Ripple was grand marshal of the par- 



72 

ade. The soldierly bearing of the boys in grey as they 
marched past the reviewing stand was greatly admired by 
Postmaster General Smith and Governor Stone. 

After the parade the visitors were escorted to the Armory 
on Adams avenue and to other halls in the city where refresh- 
ments were provided for them. 

PUBLIC RECEPTION. 

Monday evening a public reception was tendered the car- 
riers and their lady friends in the auditorium of the high 
school. Hon. L. A. Watres presided, and Mayor James 
Moir welcomed the visitors. Eloquent speeches were made 
by Governor Stone, Postmaster General Smith, John M. Par- 
sons, president of the National Letter Carriers' Association, 
and Attorney A. J. Colborn. Among those on the platform 
were Hon. T. V. Powderly, Commissioner General of Immi- 
gration, and Congressman William Daly, from Hudson 
county, New Jersey. The New York Letter Carriers' Band 
played several beautiful selections during the evening and 
was loudly applauded. The Scranton Glee Club sang three 
or four pretty pieces and was encored. The visitors voted 
that they had spent a most pleasant evening. They also said 
that Scranton surpassed any city they had yet visited for its 
kindness and hospitality to strangers. 

BANQUET TO POSTMASTERS. 

Postmaster Ezra H. Ripple, of Scranton, gave a banquet 
on Monday evening, September 4, in the Hotel Jermyn, in 
honor of the visiting postmasters. The banquet was attended 
by about ninety guests, including Postmaster General Smith 
and Governor Stone. Responses to toasts were made as fol- 
lows : 

City of Scranton — Hon. James Moir, Mayor of Scranton, 
Pa. 

President McKinley — Hon. Charles Emery Smith, Post- 
master General. 



73 

The Commonwealth — Hon. W. A. Stone, Governor of 
Pennsylvania. 

From the Civil Service Congress — Hon. William Connell, 
Representative from the Eleventh Congressional District. 

The Letter Carrier and His Friends — Hon. T. V. Pow- 
derly, Commissioner General of Immigration. 

National Association of Letter Carriers — John M. Parsons, 
President. 

The banquet was a thoroughly enjoyable one in every 
respect. 

CONVENTION OFFICIALY OPENS. 

The convention opened for business on Tuesday morning, 
September 5, at St. Thomas' hall, on Wyoming avenue. 
The hall was tastefully decorated. An evening session was 
also held. President Parsons occupied the chair at the morn- 
ing session and delivered an encouraging address. 

Superintendent of Free Delivery Machen spoke at the 
morning session. He said that Postmaster General Smith 
took great pride in the appearance of the letter carriers in the 
parade. Mr. Machen paid a high compliment to the sagacity 
of President Parsons, and said he was the right man in the 
right place. 

EIGHT-HOUR DAY. 

Referring to the eight-hour day, Mr. Machen said that no 
step backward is contemplated. The men at the head of the 
postal department believe in an eight-hour day. Not only 
that, but they believe in an eight-hour law for all kinds of 
labor. "It is proposed," continued Mr. Machen, "to make 
the law conform to the peculiar conditions of the postal sys- 
tem. It is proposed to work forty-eight hours in six days, 
but the system must be so arranged that the letter carrier can 
satisfy his patrons and distribute his mail instead of carrying 
it back to the office when only a little time would be required 
to distribute it." 



74 



SALARIES, RETIREMENT, ETC. 

On Wednesday, September 6, the convention resumed its 
work. Resolutions looking to the readjustment of salaries 
were referred to the committee on legislation. A resolution 
was adopted instructing the lobbyists of the association at 
Washington to help the postal clerks in their efforts to secure 
legislation that would be to their interests. A resolution was 
also adopted to appoint a committee to prepare a substitute 
retirement bill. In the afternoon the delegates went to Moun- 
tain Park where they were the guests of the Wilkes-Barre 
letter carriers. 

The convention held three sessions on Thursday, Septem- 
ber 7. President Parsons read his annual report at the morn- 
ing session and congratulated the association on the splendid 
work it was doing. 

Postmaster Ripple visited the convention. He received 
quite an ovation and made a speech. 

The convention in the afternoon discussed the report of 
the committee on revision. 

In the afternoon the Ladies' Auxilliary entertained the vis- 
iting ladies with a basket picnic at Nay Aug Park. In the 
evening the New York Letter Carriers' Band and the Scran- 
ton Glee Club gave concerts at the residence of Congressman 
William Connell. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

On Friday, September 8, the convention elected officers 
as follows : 

President, John M. Parsons ; vice-president, Charles H. 
Duffy, of Chicago, 111. ; secretary, Edward J. Cantwell, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. ; treasurer, Alexander McDonald, Grand Rapids, 
Mich. 

Members of Executive Committee — John F. McElroy, 
Bridgeport, Conn. ; Al. K. Young, Cincinnatti, O. ; A. J. 
Michener, St. Louis, Mo. ; H. B. Seaton, Denver, Col. ; 
Wm. B. Moyniham, Rochester, N. Y. 



75 

Chairman Legislative Committee — James Arkeson, Fall 
River, Mass. (re-elected). 

Committee on Legislation — B. J. Curtin, Lynn, Mass. ; 
Richard F. Quinn, Philadelphia. 

Civil Service Commission — John H. Phillips, Scranton, 
Pa. ; Wm. H. Flaherty, New Orleans, La. ; W. H. Gees, 
Baltimore, Md. 

Board of Trustees M. B. A.— Charles B. Kelly, New 
York City. 

Committee on Constitution and Laws — James C. Keller, 
Cleveland, O. ; James A. Monahan, Boston ; Melville John- 
son, Columbus, O. 

Detroit was selected as the place for holding the next con- 
vention. 

Reports of committees were received and discussed. In 
executive session constitutional matters and affairs relating to 
the Mutual Benefit Association were considered. The lady 
visitors, with the members of the Auxilliary committee, 
enjoyed a ride over the boulevard. 

REVISING THE CONSTITUTION. 

On Saturday morning the revision of the constitution was 
taken up and finished in the afternoon. The installation of 
the newly elected officers took place in the evening, and reso- 
lutions were adopted as follows : Thanking the citizens' 
committee and the local letter carriers for their hospitality, 
and the press for its full and comprehensive reports of the 
proceedings. 

The convention adjourned at 8 130 on Saturday evening, 
September 9, 1899. 

PRAISE FOR SCRANTON. 

John M. Parsons, president of the National Letter Carriers' 
Association, speaking about the above convention, said : 
"This was the largest, most successful and most enjoyable 
convention of the association ever held. The manner in 



76 

which the whole city turned itself into a committee of enter- 
tainment to make our stay enjoyable reflects great credit on 
the local letter carriers, for if they were not efficient and pop- 
ular they would not be able to command so much attention 
for their guests. 

"The lady visitors were most cordially and hospitably 
entertained by the Ladies' Auxilliary, and they feel grateful 
for the many gracious acts of Miss Campbell and her asso- 
ciates. 

"The newspapers are especially deserving of the associa- 
tion's thanks for in no city that the convention has thus far 
visited have there been such able and extensive reports made 
of our proceedings. 

"Say the most complimentary thing you can think about 
the general hospitality of Scranton and subscribe my name to 
it." John M. Parsons. 



(Anecdotes and ^Miscellaneous SMatier, 
Dr. Hollister says that an old gentleman who discharged 
the duties of mail boy from 1811 to 1824 relates many anec- 
dotes of his adventures, and his encounters with humanity in 
its "most amusing aspects," at the stopping places on his 
route. 

"At one point," writes the doctor, "the office was kept in 
a low log barroom where, after the contents of the mail pouch 
were emptied on the unswept floor, all the inmates gave slow 
and repeated motion to each respective paper and letter. 
Sometimes the mail boy, finding no one at home but the 
children, who were generally engaged drumming on the din- 
ner pot, or the housewife, unctuous with lard and dough, lolli- 
bye-babying a boisterous child to sleep, was compelled to act 
as carrier and postmaster himself. At another point upon the 
road the commission of postmaster fell upon the thick should- 
ers of a Dutchman, remarkable for nothing but his full, round 
stomach. This was his pride and he would pat it incessantly 
while he dilated upon the virtues of his krout and frau. 

"It would have been amazingly stupid for the department 
to have questioned his order or integrity, for as the lean mail 
bag came tumbling into his door from the saddle, the old 
comical Dutchman and his devoted wife carried it to a rear 
bedroom in his house, poured the contents upon the floor, 
where at one time it actually took them from three o'clock in 
the afternoon till noon the next day to change the mail. 
Believing with Lord Bacon that 'knowledge is power' he 
detained, about election time, all political documents to his 
opponents. These he deposited in a safe place in his cart 
until after the election had taken place, and they could work 
his cause no harm, when they were handed over with great 
liberality to those to whom they belonged — provided he was 
paid the postage. 



78 



HOW THE MAILS DISAPPEARED. 

' 'At another remote place where the office was kept, the 
mail bag being returned to the postboy almost empty, led him 
to investigate the cause of this sudden collapse in a neighbor- 
hood inhabited by a few. The prolific number of ten chil- 
dren, graduating from one to twenty years, all called the post- 
master 'dad,' and as no one could read, the letters and papers 
came to a dead stop on arriving thus far. 

"As these were poured out on the floor among pans and 
kettles, each child would seize a package exclaiming, 'this 
is for me,' and 'this is for you,' and that for somebody else, 
until the greater bulk of mail matter intended for other offices 
was parcelled out and appropriated by various persons and 
never heard of again. ' ' 

MUSIC IN THE POSTOFFICE. 

Dr. Throop says in his book, "A Half Century in Scran- 
ton," that in the store connected with the postoffice in Hyde 
Park, one could find a general assortment of dry goods, gro- 
ceries, hardware, drugs, medicines and liquors. That was 
about the year 1840. In the evening, too, this was the hail- 
ing place for the neighborhood, and the habitues were often 
delighted with the music of a sweet violin to a late hour. 

YE OLD MAIL COACH. 

"The mail facilities at this time," continues Dr. Throop, 
' 'consisted of a line of two-horse stages that ran from Hones- 
dale to Wilkes-Barre, via of Carbondale, going up one day and 
down the next, thus giving the inhabitants a tri-weekly mail 
from each direction, though it took about three days to get a 
letter to or from New York or Philadelphia. The Honesdale 
and Wilkes-Barre stage was a two-horse, three-seated vehicle, 
and carried five passengers and the driver, who was for many 
years John Kennedy. He lived on a farm subsequently pur- 
chased by the late Moses Taylor, on the place where Taylor- 



79 

ville now stands. Later on, this line was succeeded by one 
made up of covered four-horse coaches, which about 1844 
began to run daily and was well patronized. 

CAPTIVATED BY WILES OF VENUS. 

"It is seldom that a New York paper was met with, and 
the papers at Wilkes-Barre gave the news to the world once 
a week. There were but few men of liberal education in the 
country, and those were emigrants from the east ; and, as a 
general thing, were estray schoolmasters seeking a market for 
knowledge that was not merchantable whence they came ; 
but they were well received, and, captivated by the wiles of 
Venus, became fixtures, and gave tone to the intelligence of 
the valley." 

HYDE PARK SUB-STATION. 

At the request of the Hyde Park Board of Trade and 
through the efforts of Congressman William Connell, Post- 
master Ezra H. Ripple, Hon. T. V. Powderly and other influ- 
ential citizens, a branch postoffice was established in Hyde 
Park at the beginning of the fiscal year, 1 900-1. The office 
is situated on Jackson street and Superintendent John Henry 
Phillips has charge of it. It is known as "West Scranton 
Station." 

TURTLE IN POSTMASTER'S POCKET. 

Attorney Edward Merrifield, in his pamphlet entitled 
"Law and Lawyers of Old Providence," after paying a high 
tribute to the ability, integrity and geniality of Attorney 
David S. Koon, postmaster of Providence under the adminis- 
tration of James K. Polk, relates the following interesting 
story about Mr. Koon : 

"He [the postmaster] was of a phlegmatic temperament, 
at least as far as physical exertion was concerned. I recall on 
one occasion when this was put to the test. 

"Some rascally youngster brought up from the river a 
small turtle. Mr. Koon wore a long sack coat with large 



80 

gaping pockets. It was a great temptation to this brewer of 
mischief, so he carefully slipped up behind the imperturbable 
postmaster and dropped it in. It is needless to say that the 
result of discovery was watched for with anxiety. By and by 
the turtle became uneasy and made manifestations of his objec- 
tion to close confinement, especially without anything to drink. 
"Ordinarily most men would have been aroused to quick 
investigation. Not so with him. Calmly and philosophically 
he placed his hand in his pocket, and even yet there was not 
an accelerated muscular movement. With deliberation and 
no traces of excitement he slowly walked out into the back 
yard, where no mortal eye could see, and deposited the inno- 
cent cause of the trouble. It is very questionable whether 
mankind in general would not be better off with this sort of 
serene temperament." 

A PHILANTHROPIC POSTMASTER. 

Hon. Henry Roberts, the father of Postmaster Henry 
Roberts, of Providence, was postmaster at Falls, in Wyoming 
county, in the early part of the last century (1800). Dr. 
Roberts says that he (the doctor) used to carry the mail for 
his father on horseback and deliver it in the surrounding coun- 
try. He said his father usually paid the postage on the let- 
ters, the persons to whom they were addressed being too poor 
to do so. 

"boot" paid in cattle. 

The "History of Luzerne, Lackawanna and Wyoming 
Counties" says that during Hon. Henry Roberts' time old 
settlers used to exchange possessions, and "boot" was always 
paid in cattle and other necessaries. Farms at Falls were 
never sold for cash till about 1805 or 1806. One pound of 
maple sugar was exchanged for a shad. About 181 1, saw logs 
and produce were considered legal tender for goods, as no 
money could be obtained for wheat short of Easton. 



81 



POSTAGE STAMPS INTRODUCED. 

Postage stamps and envelopes were introduced in England 
in 1837, by Rowland Hill. Shortly after they were to a lim- 
ited extent used in America, but did not come into general use 
until about 1850. Letters were written, folded and addressed 
all on the same sheet and sealed with a wafer or sealing wax. 
In 1780 the mail routes included a few cities and towns in 
Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
Kentucky, Virginia and Georgia, making two weekly deliv- 
eries in summer and bi-weekly in winter. There was no post- 
master general in the cabinet until 1829. 

Letters were charged twenty-five cents for anything over 
450 miles. Half a century later ten cents, prepaid, carried a 
letter 3000 miles, and under that distance, five and three 
cents. 

ONLY GOOSE QUILL PENS THEN. 

The popular pen was the gray goose quill. England 
began the manufacture of steel pens in 1819, but down to 
1845 they had not come into general use in America. 

It is said of Henry Clay that he learned to write by tracing 
letters on sand with a sharp stick, and that Daniel Webster's 
first pen was surreptitiously plucked from his mother's pet 
goose, his ink being soot mixed with water. 

THE SEARLES OF NEW ENGLAND. 

Constant Searle, born June 17 (O. S. ), 1728, at Little 
Compton, R. I., killed by the Indians at Providence, Luzerne 
county, Pa., had twelve children of whom William was the 
oldest. 

William had a son Miner, who was father of Voltaire. 
Hence Voltaire was great-grandson of Constant. 

The following additional notes in regard to the Searle 
family have been gleaned from various sources : 

Constant Searle, Jr., settled in Providence village in 1790; 



82 

was appointed a viewer to lay out roads in 1791 ; and was 
elected justice of the peace in 1799. 

Among the purchasers in Providence township between 
1772 and 1775 was Ebenezer Searle. 

Roger, William and Miner Searle were among the prop- 
erty owners assessed in what is now Pittston in 1796. 

James Searle, son of Henry Luther Searle and grandson 
of William Searle, was postmaster of Pittston, from 1861 to 
1867. He was born in 1820 in Greenfield township, Pa. He 
kept a jewelry store in Pittston for many years. His wife was 
Miss Elizabeth Furman, of Scranton. She lives on Park 
street, West Pittston. 

Henry Searle, great grandson of Constant Searle, a victim 
of the Wyoming massacre, was born in Luzerne county in 
1827. His wife was Miss Martha Powell, of Wales. He was 
in the employ of the Penny Coal Company, over a quarter of 
a century. 

John Searle drove the stage coach between Wilkes- Barre 
and Montrose for many years. He was a son of Roger Searle 
and grandson of Constant Searle. He was born in 1795 and 
died in 1863. He was married to Miss Mary Stark, daughter 
of Henry Stark, of Plains, in the year 1822. The couple had 
two sons and six daughters. One of the sons, John Roger 
Searle, was a lieutenant in the Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania 
Regiment and died in the service, December 13, 1862. 

Judge D. W. Searle, of Montrose, Pa. , is one of the ablest 
lawyers on the bench. He freqently comes to Scranton to 
try cases in the county courts. He is a learned, polite and 
unassuming gentleman. His sister is married to Chief Justice 
McCollam, of the supreme court of Pennsylvania. 

Branches of the Searle family are to be found in most of 
the New England states. 

THE VAUGHNS. 

The Vaughns came from Portchester, N. Y. , and neigh- 



83 

borhood, to the Lackawanna valley in 1797. Many of their 
kinsmen are still to be found in New York state. 

Colonel Moses Vaughn, son of Captain John Vaughn, 
inherited his father's farm in Blakely. The farm was after- 
ward occupied by John Tripp. 

Captain Peter Hallock, under whom Postmaster John 
Vaughn served in the war of 181 2-14, kept the first hotel 
opened in Orange, Franklin township, this state. The Hal- 
locks were from Orange county, New York. 

SEVERAL SLOCUMS WERE POSTMASTERS. 

The Slocums furnished two postmasters to Scranton, and 
Major Isaac Slocum, the first postmaster in Tunkhannock, 
was a brother of Benjamin Slocum, the first postmaster of 
what afterward became the city of Scranton. William P. 
Slocum was postmaster at LaPlume in 1876, and another 
Slocum was postmaster in the Wyoming valley. 

Thomas Truxton Slocum, a son of Postmaster Benjamin 
Slocum, gave two acres of land, May 25, 1842, on which to 
build the Wyoming county court house at Tunkhannock. 

Ebenezer Slocum, Postmaster Benjamin's brother and 
partner in Slocum Hollow, was born at Portsmouth, R. I., 
January 10, 1766. He married Sarah, daughter of Joseph 
and Obedience (Sperry) Davis. The following children were 
born of this union : Ruth, married Elisha Hitchcock ; Syd- 
ney, married Jane LaFrance (Sydney was killed by an acci- 
dent in the grist mill at Providence January 20, 1825); Eben- 
ezer, Jr., married Sally Mills ; Benjamin, married Matilda 
Griffin ; Joseph, married Edilda Bingham ; Samuel, married 
Polly Dings ; Thomas, married Sarah S. Jenkins ; Sarah, 
married Alva Heermans, a great uncle of Dr. Heermans, of 
Hyde Park ; Charles M. ; William, married Jane Lockwood ; 
Mary ; Esther, married Lester Bristol, and Giles, married 
Sarah Decker. 

Ebenezer Slocum died of apoplexy July 25, 1832. 



84 

Joseph, his son, and nephew of Postmaster Benjamin, mar- 
ried, in 1830, Edilda Bingham, as above stated. Their child- 
ren were Joseph Warren, married Hannah M. Collins. The 
children of this couple are Florence W. , Frank H. , Kate, 
Joseph, Ida (deceased), Bessie (deceased) and George W. 
Rudolphus Bingham Slocum was born in 1845 and married 
Annie Lloyd, by whom he had three children. 

IRA TRIPP. 

Ira Tripp's great grandfather, Isaac Tripp, and the latter' s 
son-in-law, Jonathan Slocum, father of Postmaster Benjamin 
Slocum, were killed and scalped by the Indians and Tories at 
Wilkes-Barre in 1778. 

Ira Tripp was born in the old township of Providence Jan- 
uary 6, 1 814. He was the second son of Isaac and Catherine 
(LaFrance) Tripp. His brothers and sisters were Benjamin, 
Isaac, Holden, Diana, Phcebe, Maria, Catherine and Mahala. 
Ira was married to Rosanna G. , daughter of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth Shoemaker, of Wyoming, on February 20, 1838. The 
children of this union were Isaac C. , Leander S. and Gertie. 

About the year 1846 Ira purchased the interest of his two 
brothers in the old homestead and went to reside there. 
Governor Pollock appointed him one of his aide-de-camps 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. In 1861 he enlisted in 
the Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment and served as a hospital 
steward for nine months. He was a Republican in politics. 
He was of a kind and genial disposition, liked by everybody. 

Ira was an inveterate smoker. When, however, he was 
threatened with throat trouble he smoked by proxy only, and 
it afforded him extreme pleasure to inhale the fragrant odors 
from the cigars of his friends. 

Isaac Tripp, great grandfather of Ira, came from Provi- 
dence, R. I., to the Wyoming valley in 1769, and settled at 
Wilkes-Barre, where, as before stated, he and his son-in-law, 
Jonathan Slocum, were murdered by the red men. 

Ira Tripp died in 1892 and his widow in 1900. 



85 



REICHARD FAMILY. 



The Reichard family is of German origin. On their arri- 
val in this country they first settled in New England and came 
thence to Pennsylvania, in which state Postmaster Henry 
Reichard was born. 

DR. AUGUSTUS DAVIS. 

Dr. Sumner D. Davis, who was postmaster at Jermyn, 
writes the compiler of this work, in reply to inquiries concern- 
ing the appointment of his uncle, Dr. Augustus Davis, to the 
postmastership of Hyde Park, as follows : 

Jermyn, Pa., February 9, 1901. 
Dear Sir : 

In regard to the postoffice at Hyde Park, would say that 
Dr. Augustus Davis was appointed postmaster at Hyde Park 
during Johnson's administration. I think he was appointed 
in 1866. It happened something like this : Immediately 
after the close of Congress in spring or summer of 1866, 
Dr. Davis was appointed {ad interim) postmaster, took 
charge of the office and removed it to the small building — still 
standing in Hyde Park on the property then owned by him 
and still owned by Mrs. M. M. Davis, his widow. I think it 
is used as a barber shop. Dr. Davis held the office until the 
close of the next session of the senate, being then rejected by 
that body. I acted as his deputy during the time he held the 
office — nearly, if not quite a year. 

The senate tied Andrew Johnson's hands to prevent the 
emoval of postmasters, etc. Nevertheless, during the ad 
interim Andrew managed to make removals and appoint- 
ments. Dr. Davis was the appointee. After the meeting of 
Congress, probably at the usual time in December, the senate 
refused to confirm. The president then sent in the name of 
William Oram, who was also rejected ; next, Captain M. L. 
Blair's name was sent in and, close to the end of the session, 



86 

was confirmed, but immediately, on the day following, was 
reconsidered on account of some Cameron and anti-Cameron 
trouble and rejected. Charles Dennison, who was Congress- 
man from the Twelfth district, then gave the president the 
name of Judge William Merrifield and the senate confirmed 
on the very last day of the session. Dr. Davis held the office 
from the date of his appointment during all this time until 
Judge Merrifield qualified. I give the date as 1867 as I know 
he was holding the office in July and August of that year. 

Yours truly, S. D. Davis. 

OLDEST POSTMASTER IN ACTIVE SERVICE. 

Roswell Bardsley, who is ninety-one years old, has been 
postmaster at North Lansing, Tompkins county, N. Y. , for 
nearly seventy-three years. 

Mr. Bardsley was appointed postmaster of North Lansing 
on June 28, 1828. John Ouincy Adams was then president 
and John McLean, of Ohio, postmaster general. He is not 
only the oldest man in the postal service, but is believed to be 
the oldest employe of the government in any capacity. He 
has served under nineteen presidents and thirty-three post- 
master generals. 

Soon after he entered the cabinet the attention of Post- 
master General Smith was attracted to this Methuselah of the 
postal service, and an examination of his record showed that 
in all the years he had been in office not a single complain 
of his management of the office had been filed. Mr. Smith 
wrote him a letter congratulating him upon his long and faith- 
ful service, and received a reply in Mr. Bardsley' s own hand- 
writing saying that, although he was ninety years old, he was 
still able to attend to the duties of his office. 

The town of North Lansing has not grown much since 
1828, when Mr. Bardsley was appointed, with a salary of 
$175 a year, and he still receives the same salary. The 



87 

growth of the postal service since he became connected with 
it is shown by the fact that there were only 8,004 postoffices 
in the United States when he was appointed, and now there 
are 76,688. 

JOHN P. HARDING. 

"John P. Harding, postmaster of Providence between 
1845 and 1846, was twice married," said Mr. William Love, 
the blacksmith, of North Main avenue, Scranton. "His 
second wife was the widow Caroline Palmer, my sister. 
There were no children of this union." 



STATISTICAL. 



POSTOFFICE STATISTICS. 

LIST OF THE PRESENT CHIEF OFFICERS OF THE POSTOFFICE 
DEPARTMENT AT WASHINGTON, D. C. 



POSTMASTER GENERAL. 
Chas. Emory Smith, Pennsylvania. 

Chief Clerk Blain W. Taylor, West Virginia 

Private Secretary Clarence E. Dawson, Maryland 

FIRST ASSISTANT POSTMASTER GENERAL. 
Wm. M. Johnson, New Jersey. 

Chief Clerk Geo. M. Allen, Indiana 

Supt. Division of Postoffice Supplies Michael W. Louis, Ohio 

Supt. Division of Free Delivery A. W. Machen, Ohio 

Supt. Div. of Salaries and Allowances Geo. W. Beavers, New York 

Supt. Money Order System James T. Metcalf, Iowa 

Supt. Dead Letter Office David P. Leibhardt, Indiana 

SECOND ASSISTANT POSTMASTER GENERAL. 
• W. S. Shallenberger, Pennsylvania. 

Chief Clerk Geo. F. Stone, New York 

Supt. Railway Adjustments James H. Crew, Ohio 

Chief Division of Inspection James B. Cook, Maryland 

Chief Division of Mail Equipment Thos. P. Graham, New York 

Supt. Foreign Mails N. M. Brooks, Virginia 

Chief Contract Division E. P. Rhoderick, Illinois 

Gen'l Supt. Railway Mail Service James E. White, Illinois 

Ass't Gen'l Supt Alexander Grant, Michigan 

THIRD ASSISTANT POSTMASTER GENERAL- 
Edwin C. Madden, Michigan. 

Chief Clerk Arthur W. Travers, Michigan 

Chief Finance Division Albert W. Bingham, Michigan 

Chief Postage Stamp Division James H. Reeve, New York 

Supt. Registry System Wm. H. Landvoigt, District of Columbia 

FOURTH ASSISTANT PGSTMASTER GENERAL- 
J. L. Bristow, Kansas. 

Chief Clerk Merritt O. Chance, Illinois 

Chief Division of Appointments Carter B. Keene, Maine 

Chief Postoffice Inspector W. E. Cochran, Colorado 

AUDITOR FOR THE POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT. 

Henry A. Castle, Minnesota. 

Deputy Auditor A. L- Lawshe, Indiana 

Chief Clerk John B. Sleman, Illinois 



9 2 

LIST OF THE PRESENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES AT THE 
SCRANTON, PA., POSTOFFICE- 

Postmaster Ezra H. Ripple 

Assistant Postmaster David W. Powell 

Secretary and Stenographer Arthur W. Close 

Supt. Free Delivery William D. Roche 

Chief Mailing Clerk Louis G. Schautz 

Money Order Clerk P.J. Messett 

Registry Clerk J. Fred. Schwenk 

General Delivery Clerk Evan G. Reese 

" " " David H. Jenkins 

Record Clerk Mary L. Kirlin 

Stamp Clerk Geo. J. Duhigg 

" " Edward P. Janue 

Mailing Clerk Rush Wright 

" " Christian Neher 

" " Thos. F. McDonough 

" Joseph W. Hall 

Distributer Benjamin F. Allen 

" Joseph H. Mathias 

Utility Clerk Elias Williams 

Stamper Geo. P. Fellenser 

" John H. McDonough 

" R. B. H. Kinback 

Substitute Clerk Royal Taft 

" " Michael Maloney 

" Julia A. White 

" William J. Elias 

Special Delivery Messenger William Campbell 

" " " Cornelius Barrett 

" " " Andrew Brogan 

" " " Thos. J. Reilley 

Janitor James H . Reill ey 

Watchman and Fireman John P. White 

Charwoman Kate Kelly 

WEST SCRANTON STATION. 

Superintendent John H. Phillips 

General Utility Clerk William F. Gibbons 

SUB-STATION NO. I. 
Clerk-in-charge Albert Scbultz 

SUB-STATION NO. 2. 
Clerk-in-charge Geo. W. Davis 

SUB-STATION NO. 3. 

Clerk-in-charge Chas. P. Jones 

SUB-STATION NO. 4. 
Clerk-in-charge John Westpfahl 



93 

SUB-STATION NO. 5. 

Clerk-iti-charge William A. Grady 

SUB-STATION no. 6. 
Clerk-in-charge Emma E. Gelbert 

SUB-STATION NO. 7. 
Clerk-in-charge Chas. T. Miller 

LETTER CARRIERS — MAIN OFFICE 

Harry E. Whyte Elmer E. Affleck 

Edward D. Jones George W. Frisbie 

John P. Forster Benjamin L. Jones 

Joseph Schiel, Jr. Richard J. Grimes 

Henry Kuoepfel George R. Gehrer 

Eugene Evans Victor H. Lauer 

William Moser David U. Reese 

John Kelly Isaac J. Price 

Leopold Johler John J. Higgius 

Armit Thomas John R. Davis 

Michael O'Malley William B. Prosser 

Frederick Emery William H. Bird 

Joseph Fidiam James F. Lynott 

John T. Maloney Thomas D. Davies 

Argus N. Jenkins Burton E. Weldy 

James McGinnis Thomas B. Birtley 

Lucius R. Squier Harry H. Moore 

John McDonough William J. Owens 

SUBSTITUTE LETTER CARRIERS. 

Benjamin F. Thomas James F. Saltry 

Edward J. Leonard Henry R. Edwards 

William E. Shepherd George A. Cobb 

Henry Kellerrnan John R. Jones 

Richard Evans 

WEST SCRANTON STATION— LETTER CARRIERS. 
William D. Morgan Eleazer S. Evans 

Walter McNichols George A. Jones 

Thomas 0. Williams Thomas R. Jones 

William J. Cannon 

CONTRACTORS CARRYING MAILS TO AND FROM SCRANTON 
POSTOFFICE. 

Route No. 410016— Postoffice and Railway Stations Joseph Kelly 

" No. 310017 — Scranton and Dunmore Scranton Railway Co. 

" No. 310049 — Postoffice & W. Scranton Sta., " " " 

" No. 10453 — Scranton and Throop A. F. Parfrey 

MEMBERS OF LOCAL BOARD OF U. S. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION. 

Wm. D. Roche, President. L. G. Schautz, Secretary. 

D. H. Jenkins. 

Examinations for Clerks and Carriers held in November each year. 



94 

LIST OF PRESENT POSTOFFICES AND TOSTMASTET^S OF 
LACKAWANNA COUNTY. 

POSTOFFICES. POSTMASTERS. 

Scranton Ezra H. Ripple, Postmaster 

West Scranton Station, mo Jackson St John H. Phillips, Snpt. 

Sub-Station No. i, 

1202 Mulberry St .Albert Schultz, Clerk-in-charge 

Sub-Station No. 2, 

103 W. Market St Geo. W. Davis, Clerk-in-charge 

Sub-Station No. 3, 

1557 Dickson Ave Chas. P.Jones, Clerk-in-charge 

Sub-Station No. 4, 

629 Pittston Ave John Westpfahl, Clerk-in-charge 

Sub-vStation No. 5, 

403 Broadway William A. Grady, Clerk-in-charge 

Sub-Station No. 6, 

23 Lackawanna Ave Emma E. Gelbert, Clerk-in-chargc 

Sub-Station No. 7, 

Park Place Chas. T. Miller, Clerk-in-charge 



Aberdeen John A. Yeager 

*Amasa * George Taylor 

Archbald C. C. Battenberg 

Bald Mount Elizabeth Aten 

Carbondale John H. Thomas 

Childs John F. Walker 

Chinchilla James Holgate 

Clarks Green W. S. Frace 

Clarks Summit W. B. Parker 

Clifton Emma Gershbacher 

Coyne Casper Weisenfluh 

Craig John P. Stevens 

Daleville D. W. Dale 

Dalton Mrs. Susan A. Rice 

Dickson City Matthew McPherson 

Drinker Jesse M. Hiney 

Dunmore M. K. Bishop 

East Benton Alva J. Capwell 

Edella Truman E. Clark 

Elmdale F. P. McPeek 

Elmhurst Lorenzo W. Partridge 

Eynou Abraham Howells 

Fleetville Geo. E. Freeman 

Frey town W. R. Sayre 

Glenburn Wm. H. H. Wolfe 

*Green Grove A. H. Benedict 

Jermyn John B. Griffiths 

J essu p Joh u R . Edwards 



95 



Jubilee Chas. W. Frazier 

*Justus Milton Job nson 

Kisers H. J. Cook 

LaPlume Geo. T. Bailey 

Madison ville John Evans 

Maple Lake G. P. Rollison 

Marshbrook Cornelius S. Gumaer 

Marshwood Chas. P. Ford 

Mayfield Alex. Schlanta 

Milwaukee Martin Sickler 

Miuooka W.J. Burke 

*Montdale Willard Hunt 

Moosic John McCrindle 

Moscow O. E. Vaughn 

Mount Cobb Z. A. Swingle 

Nay Aug Tilly Turner 

Old Forge Patrick J. Judge 

Olyphant Samuel J. Matthews 

Peckville U. V. Mace 

Priceburg J. N. Snyder 

Ransom G. C. Ace 

Rendham Peter F. Lally 

Schultzville George Sherman 

*Scott Mrs. C. G. Hierlihy 

Simpson Wiufield S. Bonham 

Spring Brook T. J. Matthews 

Taylor John W. Reese 

Thornhurst R. C. Drum 

Throop W.J. Appleman 

*Tompkinsville Wm. C. Merritt 

Vandling W. B. Brown 

Wallsville R. E. Farnham 

Waverly E. H. Bailey 

Wimmers Emma Emery 

Winton J. H. Schneur 

Yostville E. E. Arms 



^Discontinued May i, 1901, by reason of the establishment of 
Rural Free Delivery routes between Olyphant and Tompkinsville, 
and Jermyn and Tompkinsville. 



9 6 
STATEMENT SHOWING AMOUNT OF BUSINESS TRANSACTED 

AT THE SCRANTON POSTOFFICE, IN ALL DEPARTMENTS, FOR THE YEAR 
ENDING MARCH 31, I90I, OR THE CLOSING YEAR OF THE FOUR- 
YEAR TERM OF EZRA H. RIPPLE AS POSTMASTER. 

POSTAL BUSINESS. 

Proceeds from the sale of postage stamps, postal cards, 

envelopes, and newspaper wrappers $ 192,371 49 

Box rents 1,233 $7 

$ 193,605 36 

MONEY ORDER BUSINESS. 

Number of orders issued 26,553 

Number of orders paid 74,062 

Total number of orders handled 100,615 

Money received from orders issued, including fees $ 216,406 53 

Money paid on orders received 485,070 97 

Remittances from other offices 269,000 00 

Total amount of money handled in Money Order Depart- 
ment $ 970,477 50 

REGISTRY BUSINESS. 

Number of letters and parcels registered and dispatched 23,315 

" " " " received and delivered 33,423 

" " " " in transit 24,604 



Total number of pieces handled 81,342 

SPECIAL DELIVERY BUSINESS. 

Number of letters received and deliveied u ,682 

" " dispatched 11,336 



Total number of Special Delivery letters handled 23,018 

MONEY HANDLED FROM ALL SOURCES. 

Amount received on Money Orders issued $ 216,306 53 

" paid on Money Orders received 485,07097 

Remittances from other offices (surplus M. O. funds) 269,000 00 

" " " " (surplus Postal funds) 39,107 48 

Proceeds from sales of postage stamps and stamped paper 192,371 49 

" " box rents 1,23387 



Total amount of money handled $1,203,190 34 



Number of clerks employed at Main Office 21 

" " " " Station and Sub-Stations 9 

" Substitute clerks (Main Office) 4 

" Letter carriers (Main Office) 36 

" " " (West Scranton Station) 7 

" Substitute Carriers (Main Office) 9 



97 

Number of Special Delivery messengers 4 

vStreet letter-boxes distributed throughout the city 216 

Package-boxes " " " " 24 

Letter chutes " " " " 3 

Postage stamps sold 6,860,010 

" Postal cards sold 589.475 

Stamped envelopes sold 1,236,800 

Newspaper wrappers sold 65,000 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT 

OF YEAR ENDING MARCH 31, I90I (CLOSING YEAR OF POSTMASTER 
EZRA H. RIPPLE'S TERM), WITH THAT OF YEAR 1897 (THE CLOSING 
YEAR OF HIS PREDECESSOR'S TERM); AND, FOR THE PURPOSE OF 
SHOWING THE IMMENSE GROWTH OF BUSINESS OF THE OFFICE 
DURING THE SEVEN YEARS, COMPARISON IS MADE, YEAR 190I 
WITH THAT OF 1894. 

POSTAL BUSINESS. 

Receipts from sales of stamps and stamped paper and 

box rents — year ending March 31, 1901. $ 193,605 36 

Receipts from sales of stamps and stamped paper and 

box rents — year 1897 123,688 37 

Receipts from sales of stamps and stamped paper and 

box rents — year 1894 101,702 77 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, $69,916.99 or 56J per cent. 
Increase year 1901 over 1894, $91,902.59 or 90 f 3 5 per cent. 

MONEY ORDER BUSINESS. 

Total number of orders handled, year 1901 100,615 

Total number of orders handled, year 1S97.. 52,490 

Total number of orders handled, year 1894 33, 119 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, 48,125 or 91 r 6 a per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 67,496 or 200^5 per cent. 
Amount of money received on orders issued, year 1901...$ 216,406 53 
Amount of money received on orders issued, year 1897... 181,492 82 
Amount of money received on orders issued, year 1894... 137,615 61 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, $34,913.71 or 19^ per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, $78,790.92 or 57 x 3 o V er cent. 

Amount of money paid on orders received, year 1901 $ 485,070 97 

Amount of money paid on orders received, year 1897 219,240 32 

Amount of money paid on orders received, year 1894 140,015 79 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, $265,830.65 or i2i T 2 5 per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, $345,055.18 or 246^ per cent. 
Remittances from other offices (surplus M. O. funds) 

year 1901 $ 269,000 00 

Not a Money Order Depository in 1897. 
Not a Money Order Depository in 1894. 



9 8 

Total amount Money Order funds handled in year 1901...$ 970,477 50 
Total amount Money Order funds handled in year 1897... 563,203 40 
Total amount Money Order funds handled in year 1894... 405,622 8r 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, $407,274.10 or 72 T 3 per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, $564,854.69 or i39 T 2 o per cent. 

REGISTRY BUSINESS. 

Number of pieces registered, year 1901 23,315 

Number of pieces registered, year 1897 14.785 

Number of pieces registered, year 1894 12,474 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, 8,530 or 57 ^ per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 10,841 or 87 per cent. 

Number of pieces received and delivered, year 1901 33.4 2 3 

Number ot pieces received and delivered, year 1897 19,282 

Number of pieces received and delivered, year 1894 T 5,5i° 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, 14,141 or 731*6 P er cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 17,913 or 115L per cent. 

Number of pieces in transit, year 1901 24,604 

Number of pieces in transit, year 1897 21,582 

Number of pieces in transit, year 1894 23,595 

Increase year 190 c over 1897, 3,022 or 14 per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 1,009 or 4i ? o P er cent. 

Total number of pieces handled, year 1901 81,342 

Total number of pieces handled, year 1897 55.649 

Total number of pieces handled, year 1894 5 I >579 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, 25,693 or 46^ per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 29,763 or 57/0 P er cent. 

SPECIAL DELIVERY BUSINESS. 

Number of letters received and delivered, year 1901 11,682 

Number of letters received and delivered, year 1897 7,260 

Number of letters received and delivered, year 1894 4,894 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, 4,423 or 61 per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 6,789 or 139 per cent. 

Number of letters forwarded, year 1901 1 1,336 

Number of letters forwarded, year 1897 7,308 

Number of letters forwarded, year 1894 4,553 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, 4,028 or 55^ per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 6,783 or 149 per cent. 

Total number of Special Delivery letters handled, year 1901 23,018 

Total number of Special Delivery letters handled, year 1897 14,568 

Total number of Special Delivery letters handled, year 1894 9,447 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, 8,450 or 58 per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, 13,571 or 143-^ per cent. 

MONEY HANDLED (ALL SOURCES). 

Total amount handled, year 1901 $1,203,190 34 

Total amount handled, year 1897 563,203 40 

Total amount handled, year 1894 405,622 81 

Increase year 1901 over 1897, $639,986.94 or 1 1 3 j s per cent. 

Increase year 1901 over 1894, $797,567.53 or i96 r e per cent. 



99 
SCRANTON POSTOFFICE. 

SCHEDULE OF ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF MAILS. 



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IOO 



POSTOFFICE HOURS. 

Postmaster's and Assistant Postmaster's Offices — Open from 8 a. 
m. to 12 m. and 1:30 to 6 p. m. 

General Delivery Window— Open from 7 a. m. to 9 p. m. Sun- 
days 9 to 10 a m. 

Stamp Window — Open from 7 a. m. to 9 p. m. Sundays 9 to 10 
a. m. 

Carriers' Window — Open from 6:45 to 7:30 p. m. Sundays 9 to 10 
a. m. 

Money Order Window — Open from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m., week days 
only. 

Registry Window — Open from 8 a. in. to 6 p.m., week days only. 

Letters and parcels can be registered at the Stamp Window from 
6 p. m. to 9 p. m. Week days only. 



"PARCELS-POST. 

Unsealed packages of mailable merchandise may be sent by 
Parcels-Post to Jamaica, including the Turks and Caicos Islands, Bar- 
bados, The Bahamas, British Honduras, Republic of Honduras, 
Mexico, The Republic of Hawaii (Sandwich Islands), The Leeward 
Islands, The Republic of Colombia, Salvador, Costa Rica, the Danish 
West India Islands— St. Thomas, St. Croix, and St. John — British 
Guiana, The Windward Islands, Trinidad, Chili, Newfoundland, 
Germany, Guatemala, Nicaragua, New Zealand and Venezuela, at 
the postage rate, and subject to the conditions herein prescribed: 

Limit of weight 11 pounds 

Greatest length 3 feet 6 inches 

Greatest length and girth combined 6 feet 

Postage I2ca pound (to Chili 20c a pound) 

Except that Parcels for Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico must 
not measure more than two (2) feet in length or more than four (4) 
feet iu girth. 

A parcel must not be posted in a letter-box, but must be taken to 
the postoffice, and presented to the person in charge, between the 
hours of 9 a. rn. and 5 p. m., where a record will be made and a re- 
ceipt given therefor. 

PREPARATION FOR MAILING. 

See that the parcel is securely and substantially packed, so that it 
can be safely transmitted in the ordinary mail sacks, and that it is so 
wrapped or enclosed that its contents can be easily examined by post- 
masters and customs officers. If boxes are used, they should be pro- 
vided with a sliding or hinged lid, as lids screwed or nailed to it will 
exclude it from the mails. 

See that it is plainly directed, giving the name and full address of 
the person for whom the parcel is intended; that it bears the words 
"Parcels- Post" conspicuously in the upper left-hand corner. 



Packages sealed require letter rates. Packages unsealed, with 
writing on inside in the nature of correspondence, require letter rates. 

Certain articles of merchandise, sealed or unsealed, to foreign 
countries, are stopped in the Dead Letter Office unless fully prepaid 
at foreign letter rate. 

Many articles of merchandise are absolutely prohibited trans- 
mission in the mails. Therefore inquire before mailing. 

Parcels to Canada or Mexico should not be closed against in- 
spection. 

The name and address of the sender should be on each parcel 
before mailing. This is to facilitate a return to the sender in the 
event of non-delivery. 

PROHIBITED ARTICLES. 

The following articles cannot be sent by Parcels-Post: 

Publications which violate the copyright laws of the country of 
destination; poisons and explosive or inflammable substances; liquids 
and substances which easily liquefy; confections and pastes; live or 
dead animals, except dead insects and reptiles, when thoroughly 
dried; fruits and vegetables, and substances which exhale a bad odor; 
lottery tickets, lottery advertisements, or lottery circulars; all obscene 
or immoral articles; articles which might in any way damage or 
destroy the mails or injure the persons handling them; and opium in 
parcels for or from the Republic of Hawaii. 

CUSTOMS DUTY AND POSTAGE CHARGES ON DELIVERY. 

Dutiable articles received in the United States in Parcels-Post 
mails will be rated and charged with the proper amount of customs 
duty. 

On the delivery of a parcel to the addressee a postage charge of 
5 cents must be collected on each single parcel of whatever weight; 
and if the weight exceeds i pound, a charge of i cent for each 4 ounces 
of weight or fraction thereof will be collected; except that parcels 
mailed in the Danish West Indies are subject to a maximum charge 
of 10 cents; and that upon parcels mailed in British Guiana, The Wind- 
ward Islands and Newfoundland, not more than 5 cents is collectible 
on the delivery of any one parcel. 



CLASSIFICATION OF DOMESTIC MAIL MATTER. 

FIRST-CLASS. 
Letters, sealed or unsealed, postal cards, and all matter wholly or 
partly in writing, except that which is permissible in and on third 
and fourth-class matter, and all articles sealed or otherwise closed 
against the inspection of postmasters, except sealed packages of pro- 
prietary articles of merchandise put up in fixed quantities by the 
manufacturer so that each package may be examined in its simplest 
mercantile form. 



102 



SECOND-CLASS. 
Periodical publications, namely, all newspapers and other peri- 
odical publications which are issued at stated intervals, and as fre- 
quently as four times a year, which bear a date of issue, and are 
numbered consecutively, are issued from a known office of publication, 
are formed of printed paper sheets, without board, cloth, leather, or 
other substantial binding. To be entitled to entry in this class, such 
publications must be originated and published for the dissemination 
of imformation of a public character, or devoted to literature, the 
sciences, art, or some special industry; must have a legitimate list of 
subscribers, and must not be designed primarily for advertising pur- 
poses, or for free circulation or circulation at nominal rates. 

THIRD-CLASS. 
Books, circulars, pamphlets and other matter wholly in print (not 
included in second-class matter), proof-sheets, corrected proof-sheets, 
and manuscript copy accompanying the same. 
PERMISSIBLE WRITING. 

In or on any article of the third class, besides the address, may 
be written the date, name and address and occupation of the sender. 
Words or portions of printed matter may be marked, except by written 
or printed words, to call attention to them. Typographical errors 
may be corrected with pen or pencil. Books or other printed matter 
may bear a written dedication or inscription such as "with the com- 
pliments of " and similar inscriptions. On the outside of the pack- 
age, in addition to the address, may be written the name and address 
of the sender preceded by the word "from" with or without a request 
to return if undelivered. 

FOURTH-CLASS. 

Merchandise, namely, all matter not embraced in the first, second 
or third-class which is not in its form or nature liable to destroy, 
deface or otherwise damage the contents of the mail bag, or harm 
the person of any one engaged in the postal service, and not above 
the weight provided by law. 

PERMISSIBLE WRITING. 

In or on matter of the fourth-class may be written any marks, 
numbers, names or letters for the purpose of description, as in the 
case of samples to indicate prices, etc. On the outside of the pack- 
age, besides the address, may by written a statement of the contents, 
and the sender's name, occupation and address, preceded by the 
word "from" with or without a request to return if undelivered. 



PREPARATION OF DOMESTIC MATTER FOR MAILING. 

SECOND-CLASS MATTER. 
No newspapers shall be received to be conveyed by mail unless 
they are sufficiently dried and enclosed in proper wrappers. The 



103 

wrappers should be such that they cau be easily removed without de- 
stroyiug theru or iujuriug their iuclosures. If the wrappers cannot 
be easily removed, the matter is liable to postage at the first-class 
rate. 

THIRD-CLASS MATTER 

must be placed under band, upon a roller, between boards, or in an 
unsealed envelope, or closed so as not to couceal the nature of the 
packet or its contents, or it may be so tied with a string as to easily 
unfasten. Address-cards and all printed matter in the form of an 
unfolded card may be mailed without band or envelope. 

FOURTH-CLASS MATTER 

not absolutely excluded from the mails, but which from its form or 
nature might, unless properly secured, destroy, deface, or otherwise 
damage the contents of the mail bag or harm the person of any one 
engaged in the postal service, may be transmitted in the mails when 
it conforms to the following conditions : 

ist. When not liquid or liqufiable, it must be placed in a bag, 
box, or removable envelope or wrapping, made of paper, cloth, or 
parchment. 

2d. Such bag, box, envelope, or wrapping must again be placed 
in a box or tube made of metal or some hard wood, with sliding 
clasp or screw-lid. 

3d. In cases of articles liable to break, the inside box, bag, en- 
velope, or wrapping must be surrounded by sawdust, cotton, or other 
elastic substance. 

4th. Admissible liquids and oils (not exceeding 4 ounce liquid 
measure), pastes, salves, or articles easily liqufiable, must conform 
to the following conditions : When in glass bottles or vials, such bot- 
tles or vials must be strong enough to stand the shock of handling in 
the mails, and must be enclosed in a metal, wooden, or papier-mache 
block or tube not less than three-sixteenths of an inch thick in the 
thinnest part, strong enough to support the weight of mails piled in 
bags and resist rough handliug ; and there must be provided between 
the bottle and said block or tube a cushion of cotton, felt, or other 
like substance, sufficient to protect the glass from shock in handling; 
the block or tube to be impervious to liquid, including oils, and to be 
closed by a tightly fitting lid or cover of wood or metal, with a rubber 
or other pad so adjusted as to prevent the leakage of the contents in 
case of breaking the glass. When inclosed in a tin cylinder, metal 
case or tube, such cylinder, case or tube should have a lid or cover so 
secured as to make the case or tube water-tight, and should be se- 
curely fastened in a wooden or papier-mache block (open only at one 
end) and not less in thickness and strength than above described. 
Manufacturers or dealers intending to transmit articles or samples in 
considerable quantities, should submit a sample package showing 
their mode of packing to the postmaster at the mailing office, who 
will see that the conditions of this section are carefully observed. 



104 

5th. In case of sharp-pointed instruments the points must be 
capped or encased so that they may not by any means be liable to 
cut through their enclosure ; and where they have blades, such 
blades must be bound with wire so that they shall remain firmly 
attached to each other, and within their handles or sockets. 

PREPARATION FOR MAILING — FOREIGN. 

In order to insure prompt and safe transmission to destination 
of articles addressed to foreign countries, they should (i) make the 
address legible and complete, giving the name of the country as well 
as that of the town or the postoffice. Articles addressed to "London" 
may be sent either to England or Canada. (2) Avoid using flimsy 
paper for envelopes, as they are liable to be torn or destroyed in the 
long transits. (3) Avoid using sealing wax on the covers, as letters 
so sealed often adhere to each other and the addresses of the articles 
are destroyed by the tearing of the covers in the attempt to separate 
the articles. (4) See that postage stamps affixed to the covers of 
articles of printed matter do not adhere also to the articles them- 
selves, thus virtually sealing the package, and thereby subjecting 
them to additional postage, at the letter rate, on delivery. 

Printed matter must be either placed under band, upon roller, 
between boards, in a case open at one or both ends, or in an unclosed 
envelope ; or simply folded in such a manner as not to conceal the 
nature of the package ; or tied by a string easy to unfasten. 

Commercial papers must be forwarded under band or in an open 
envelope. 

Samples of merchandise must be placed in bags, boxes or re- 
movable envelopes, in such a manner as to admit of easy inspection; 
they must not have any saleable value, nor bear any manuscript other 
than the card of the sender, trademark, numbers, prices and indica- 
tions relative to weight, size and quantity to be disposed of, and de- 
scription or nature and origin of the merchandise. 

PROHIBITED ARTICLES. 

Liquids, poisons, explosive and inflammable articles, fatty sub- 
stances, live or dead animals, insects (especially Colorado beetles), 
reptiles, fruits or vegetable matter liable to decomposition, confec- 
tionery, pastes or confections, and substances exhaling a bad odor, 
are prohibited from transmission in the mails exchanged with foreign 
countries ; as are also obscene, lewd, or lascivious books, pamphlets, 
etc., and letters and circulars concerning lotteries, so-called gift con- 
certs, etc. 

Any packet whatever, containing articles (except samples of 
merchandise) liable to customs duty in the countries addressed, is 
prohibited from transmission in the mails to foreign countries. This 
does not apply to Canada or Mexico, or to articles forwarded by 
"Parcels-Post." 



i°5 
DOMESTIC POSTAGE %ATES 

AND CLASSIFICATION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND ITS ISLAND 
POSSESSIONS AND CUBA, AND THE MILITARY AND NAVAL SERVICE 
IN CHINA ; FORWARDING OF ALL MAIL MATTER TO PERSONS IN 
THE UNITED STATES SERVICE ; GIFTS OR SOUVENIRS FOR OR FROM 
PERSONS IN UNITED STATES SERVICE ; PENALTY AND FRANKED 
MATTER. 

Postoffice Department, 
Washington, D. C, March 30, 1901. 
Order No. jgj. 

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED : 

1. That all mail matter originating in the United States for 
transmission to Cuba, Guam, the Philippine Archipelago, or Tutuila 
(including all adjacent islands of the Samoan group which are pos- 
sessions of the United States) shall be subject to the United States 
domestic classification, conditions and rates of postage. 

2. That all mail matter originating in Cuba, Guam, the Philip- 
pine Archipelago, or Tutuila, for transmission to the United States, 
or from one to another of those islands, shall be subject to the United 
States domestic classification, conditions and rates of postage. 

Note I. — In this Order, Hawaii and Porto Rico are included in 
the term "United States;" and Guam, Tutuila, and the Philippine 
Archipelago are included in the term "island possessions." 

Note 2. — To insure prompt delivery, mail matter sent to persons 
in the United States service should include in the address the com- 
plete designation of the organization, company or regiment, vessel 
or other branch of the service to which the addressee belongs ; and 
the postage thereon should be fully prepaid. 

3. That all mail matter, whatever its class, addressed to persons 
in the United States service, serving in the United States or any of 
its island possessions, or Cuba, or en route to or from the United 
States or any of its island possessions, or Cuba, whose change of 
address is caused by official orders, shall be transmitted as rapidly as 
possible until it reaches the addressee ; that the actual location of the 
addressee, for the time being, shall be considered as the original 
destination of the piece of mail matter; that such transmission shall 
not be considered as "forwarding" in the sense in which that word 
is used in the postal service, and that no additional postage shall be 
required therefor. 

4. That letters sent by soldiers, sailors and marines in the United 
States service in Cuba, Guam, the Philippine Archipelago, or Tutuila, 
addressed to places in the United States, when endorsed "Soldier's 
letter," "Sailor's letter," or "Marine's letter," may be dispatched 
to destination without prepayment of postage, and only the single 
rate of postage shall be collected on delivery. 

5. That the postage rates, conditions and treatment prescribed 
throughout this order shall apply, as far as practicable, to all mail 



io6 

matter sent to or from persons in the United States military or naval 
service while in China : Provided, That such mail matter sent by 
persons in the United States service in China be endorsed to show 
the branch of the service to which the sender belongs, as, for in- 
stance, "U. S. soldier's letter," "U. S. sailor's letter," or "U. S. 
marine's letter," and that such mail matter addressed to persons in 
the United States service in China bears the complete designation of 
the organization, company or regiment, or vessel, to which the 
addressee belongs. 

6. In pursuance of the President's Order of November 4, 
1899, unsealed packages and parcels of mailable matter containing 
only articles designed as gifts or souvenirs, and with no commercial 
purpose and not for sale, sent by persons in the United States service 
(military, naval, or civil), in Porto Rico, Guam, the Philippine 
Islands, or Cuba, to members of their families in the United States ; 
and unsealed packages of mailable matter of the same personal char- 
acter, sent from the United States to officers, soldiers, sailors and 
others in the public service in said islands, shall be transmitted 
through the mails and delivered subject only to domestic postal rates 
and regulations : Provided, That no such package shall exceed four 
pounds in weight, and each shall be endorsed on the outside, in a 
conspicuous place, with the word "Gift," or "Souvenir," or the 
equivalent thereof; and that when sent from said islands to the 
United States each such package shall be so marked as to show the 
branch of the service to which the sender belongs, and be counter- 
signed by a commissioned officer or a postmaster ; and that when 
sent from the United States to said islands each such package shall 
show the branch of the service to which the addressee belongs. 

Postmasters are directed to advise senders of such packages of 
the provisions of this section, and otherwise see that full instructions 
are given for its proper execution. 

7. That any article entitled to transmission free of postage in 
the domestic mails of the United States, either in a "penalty" envel- 
ope or under a duly authorized "frank," shall be entitled likewise to 
transmission in the mails free of postage, between places in Cuba, 
Guam, the Philippine Archipelago and Tutuila, from one to another 
of those islands, from the United States to those islands, and from 
those islands to the United States. 

8. That the registration fee shall be eight cents, in addition 
to the lawful postage. 

9. That United States postage stamps shall be valid for the 
payment of postage in the island possessions; and the overprinted 
postage stamps of the island possessions shall be accepted in pay- 
ment of postage wherever United States postage stamps are valid. 

10. This Order shall be in effect April 1, 1901, and supercedes 
Order No. 874, of July 26, 1900, which is hereby revoked ; and all 
existing schedules conflicting herewith shall be modified accordingly. 

CHAS. EMORY SMITH, Postmaster General. 



107 
MONEY ORDE% DIVISION. 

DOMESTIC MONEY ORDERS— FEES. 
When applying for money orders payable in the United States, 

the printed application forms should be used: The following are the 

fees payable thereon : 

For orders for sums not exceeding $ i 50 3 cents 

Over $ 2 50 and not exceeding 5 00 5 cents 

Over 5 00 and not exceeding 10 00 8 cents 

Over 10 00 and not exceeding 20 00 10 cents 

Over 20 00 and not exceeding 30 00 12 cents 

Over 30 00 and not exceeding 40 00 15 cents 

Over 40 00 and not exceeding 50 00 18 cents 

Over 50 00 and not exceeding 60 00 20 cents 

Over 60 00 and not exceeding 75 00 25 cents 

Over 75 00 and not exceeding 100 00 30 cents 

INTERNATIONAL MONEY ORDERS— FEES. 

For sums not exceeding $10 10 cents 

Over $10 and not exceeding $ 20 20 cents 

Over 20 and not exceeding 30 30 cents 

Over 30 and not exceeding 40 40 cents 

Over 40 and not exceeding 50 50 cents 

Over 50 and not exceeding 60 60 cents 

Over 60 and not exceeding 70 70 cents 

Over 70 and not exceeding 80 80 cents 

Over 80 and not exceeding 90 90 cents 

Over 90 and not exceeding 100 1.00 

UMIT OF AMOUNT OF SINGLE ORDERS. 
A single money order may include any amount from one cent to 
one hundred dollars, inclusive, except when payable in Great Britain 
and Ireland, Cape Colony or Jamaica, in which case the limit is $50 ; 
but must not contain a fractional part of a cent. 
PAYMENT OF ORDERS. 
Every person who applies for payment of a money order is re- 
quired to prove his identity, unless the applicant is known to be the 
rightful owner of the order. 

The payee of a money order may, by his written indorsement 
thereon, direct it to be paid to any person whom he may designate. 
PAYMENT UPON POWER OF ATTORNEY. 
Persons signing money orders by power of attorney are required 
to file a certified copy of such power of attorney, or a written order, 
with the paying postmaster, before payment can be effected. 
REPAYMENT OF MONEY ORDERS. 
Repayment of a money order can be made to the person who 
originally obtained it at the issuing office and by the return of the 
order ; but the fee paid cannot be returned. 



io8 



ORDERS SENT TO PAYEE. 
Purchasers of money orders are advised that they should mail 
the order which they receive from the issuing postmaster to the 
payee, whether the same be a domestic or international order, and 
retain the receipt which they obtain with the order. 

DUPLICATE ORDERS, HOW OBTAINED. 
In case a money order is lost or destroyed, or becomes invalid, 
as all money orders do after the expiration of one year, a duplicate 
will be issued by the department at Washington, on application 
therefor from either the remitter, payee or endorsee of the original, 
at the office of issue or payment, and proper blanks will be furnished 
for that purpose at any money order postoffice. 

ORDERS DRAWN ON OFFICE OF ISSUE. 

By an order of the Postmaster General, dated September 17, 
1898, money orders may now be drawn upon the postoffice where 
issued. This will enable persons in cities to pay their gas bills, 
tradesmen's bills, organization dues, etc., without loss of time and 
at an expense which is less than street car fare. To persons having 
no bank account, and who cannot therefore use checks, it is partic- 
ularly beneficial. Money transmitted in this way is absolutely safe. 
MODIFICATION OF MONEY ORDER REGULATIONS BETWEEN THE 
UNITED STATES AND CANADA. 

Arrangements have been completed between the Postal Admin- 
istrations of Canada and the United States for the discontinuance of 
the practice of charging commissions on the money order trans- 
actions between the two countries and the adoption of uniform 
charges for the purchase of money orders. On July 1 it is expected 
that the United States will charge domestic rates on all orders pur- 
chased on Canada, and that the exchange office system will be abol- 
ished. As it is now, advices of money orders issued at points in the 
States adjoining Michigan are forwarded to Detroit, the exchange 
office for those States, where they are entered in the records and then 
dispatched to the Canadian offices, which involves a delay of perhaps 
twenty-four hours in the payment. The reduction in the fees to be 
charged is a matter of great importance to the public. At present it 
costs ten cents for all sums under ten dollars drawn on Canada, while 
the domestic rate in the United States is as low as three cents on 
sums not exceeding $2.50. It now costs $1.00 to send $100 to Canada, 
while the same sum can be sent to any point in the United States for 
thirty cents. Domestic rates are now in force between the United 
States and her island possessions (the Philippines and Porto Rico). 



iog 

REGISTRY DIVISION. 

The object of the registry system is the safe transmission and 
accurate delivery of all matter entrusted to its care. 

Mail matter may be registered at any postoffice, station or sub- 
station thereof, as well as by any rural free delivery carrier, and by 
letter-carriers in the residential districts of free delivery cities. 

Every letter presented for registration must first be fully and 
legibly addressed and securely sealed by the sender, and all letters 
and other articles must also have the name and address of the sender 
indorsed thereon in writing or print before they can be registered. 

Postmasters and their employes are forbidden to address a reg- 
istered letter or package for the sender, to place contents therein, or 
to seal it, or to affix the stamps thereto ; this must in all cases be 
done by the sender. Registered mail matter can only be delivered 
to the addressees in person or on their written order. All persons 
calling for registered matter should be prepared to furnish reasonable 
proof of their identity, as it is impossible otherwise, at large post- 
offices, to guard against fraud. 

A return receipt, signed by the addressee and showing delivery, 
is returned to the sender of each domestic registered letter or parcel, 
for which there is no extra charge. 

Letters and all valuable matter may be registered at the night 
stamp w T indow from 6 to 9 p. m. 

DOMESTIC REGISTRATION. 

The fee on registered matter, domestic, is eight cents for each 
letter or parcel, to be affixed in stamps, in addition to the postage. 
Full prepayment of postage and fee is required. Two or more letters 
or parcels addressed to, or intended for, the same person cannot be 
tied or otherwise fastened together and registered as one. 

FOREIGN REGISTRATION. 

Foreign matter is subject to the same regulations as for domestic 
matter, except that the sender of any registered article may obtain 
assurance of its receipt by the person addressed, only by indorsing it 
with the words "Return receipt requested." 

The placing of eight cents in stamps, in addition to the regular 
postage, on a package or letter, docs not register it. All matter must 
be presented at the registry office so that it may be entered and a 
receipt given therefor. 

REGISTERED LETTER INDEMNITY. 

Owners of first-class registered matter shall be indemnified for 
losses thereof in the mails, the indemnity to be paid out of the postal 
revenues, but in no case to exceed ten dollars for any one registered 
piece, or the actual value thereof when that is less than ten dollars. 

It is recommended that senders of registered letters write their 
names across the sealed flaps of envelopes, or seal with wax. 



no 

CITY DELIVERY. 
carriers' service. 

Five deliveries to Hotel Jermyn, St. Charles and T v ackawanna 
Valley Hotels, as follows: — 6.50, 9 and 10.50 a. m., 1.45 and 6 p. ni. 

Four deliveries in the business section of the city, as follows : — 
6.50, 9 and 10.50 a. m., 1.45 p. in. There are nine collections by cart 
in this section. 

In the three trip semi-business and resident section deliveries are 
made as follows : — 7 30 and 10.50 a. m., 1.45 p. in. The carriers col- 
lect as they deliver and in addition an evening collection by cart. 

The two trip delivery service embraces all territory not covered 
by that mentioned above, except the extreme outskirts of the city, 
where only one delivery is made and the carriers collect as they 
deliver. 

Carriers are required to deliver mail matter at the offices or other 
premises occupied by the persons addressed in all cases where such 
deliveries are demanded ; but persons occupying offices or stores on 
upper floors (especially in business buildings where elevators are not 
used) will greatly facilitate the work of the carriers by providing 
lock boxes or other suitable means for the delivery of their mail 
matter on the first floor. This is, of course, not compulsory, but it 
is obvious that the general adoption of such a system will expedite 
the receipt of mail by all persons located on any carrier's route. 

Carriers are required to deliver no mail matter except to the per- 
sons addressed or to their authorized agents (which include servants, 
clerks, housekeepers, janitors and others to whom such deliveries are 
recognized as valid by the addressees), to receive all prepaid letters, 
postal cards and small packages handed them for mailing while on 
their routes, and to collect the postage due on any mail matter de- 
livered by them. 

Carriers are not permitted to deliver any mailable matter which 
has not passed through the postoffice, to exhibit or to give informa- 
tion concerning any mail matter to persons other than those ad- 
dressed, or to deliver mail matter at unoccupied premises or on the 
street (except to persons known by them to be authorized to receive 
it and the delivery can be made without unreasonable delay). Car- 
riers are not required to deliver packages the weight or bulk of which 
would tend to delay the delivery of letters or other mail matter. 
When such packages are received for delivery, notice is sent to the 
addressees to send or call for them at the postoffice. 

The Schedule of Carriers' Deliveries is necessarily a fixed one, 
and the trips are so arranged as to secure the closest possible connec- 
tion with mail arrivals (both inland and local) and with the collections 
from the street letter boxes. The routes are so served as to suit, as 
far as possible, the convenience of the majority of those residing or 
doing business thereon ; but simultaneous delivery to all is not prac- 
ticable, and those located on the more distant points of a route can- 



Ill 

not reasonably expect deliveries as early as those made nearer to the 
starting point. On routes in business districts it sometimes happens 
that a few persons report that the first delivery reaches their premises 
before they are opened for business but that they are unwilling to 
wait for the second delivery. In these cases the only remedy is to 
provide a box attached to the outer door and connected with an 
opening therein through which mail may be delivered by carriers on 
the first trip. 

To facilitate the collection and delivery of mail, the Postmaster- 
General has authorized the use of house-to-house collection and 
delivery boxes to be supplied by residents without expense to the 
Postoffice Department. The collection of mail from private resi- 
dences only from the boxes approved by the Postoffice Department. 

GENERAL DELIVERY. 

All mail matter bearing no street or box address and all mail 
matter found undeliverable at its street address (of which the correct 
address is not known and cannot be found in the directory), is placed 
in the general delivery to await call. If bearing the name and ad- 
dress of the sender, with a request to return within a specified time, 
it is, if uncalled for, returned at the expiration of that time ; if no 
particular time is named in the request, or if it bears the name and 
address of the sender only, without request to return, it is returned 
at the expiration of thirty days, if not previously called for. Matter 
intended to be called for at the general delivery should be addressed 
"General Delivery." 

DELIVERY THROUGH LOCK BOXES. 

All letters and other mail matter may be delivered through a 
lock box when addressed to the lessee, or in his care to his employes, 
to any member of his family or firm, or to his temporary visitors or 
guest ; but such use of a box is confined to one person, family, firm, 
or company. 

BOX RENT — WHEN AND HOW PAYABLE. 

The annual rent of lock boxes is payable quarterly in advance. 
No box may be rented for a longer period than one quarter (three 
months), and when rented at any period other than the beginning of 
one of the official quarters of the fiscal year (which begin on the first 
days of January, April, July and October, respectively), the propor- 
tionate rent for the remainder of the current quarter must be paid in 
advance. Prompt attention should be given to notices placed in 
boxes requesting payment of rent, as otherwise the boxes must be 
closed, as provided by postal regulations. 

DEPOSIT FOR KEYS. 

When a box is rented, two keys for the same will be furnished, 
and a deposit of forty (40) cents will be required to secure the return 
of such keys when the box is surrendered, which sum will be refund- 



112 

ed when the keys are returned. Extra keys will be furnished, when 
required, on the same terms ; but no part of the deposit will be re- 
funded until all the keys furnished have been returned. 

It is not practicable to comply with requests from boxholders for 
the delivery of one portion of their mail matter through box and 
another portion by carrier, etc. 

CARE OE KEYS. 

Boxholders should exercise great care with regard to their box 
keys, to prevent them from getting into the hands of unauthorized 
or dishonest persons. Messengers should be cautioned against losing 
or mislaying them, or leaving them (as they do occasionally) in the 
keyholes of the boxes. 

SPECIAL DELIVERY SYSTEM. 

The special delivery system provides for the issue 01 a special 
stamp, of the face valuation of ten cents, which, when attached to a 
letter or package ^in addition to the lawful postage thereon) will 
entitle such letter or package to immediate delivery within the car- 
rier limit of a free delivery office between the hours of 7 a. m. and 
10:30 p. m. daily ; Sundaj'S, 7:30 a. m. to 10:30 a. in.; by messengers, 
who, upon delivery, will procure receipts from the parties addressed, 
or some one authorized to receive them. 

Common letters bearing only a special delivery stamp will be for- 
warded, but the ordinary postage due will be collected of the addressee 
on delivery. 

When a special delivery letter is offered at its address, and deliv- 
ery cannot be effected for any reason (such as the premises being 
closed, an error in direction, the absence of any person authorized to 
sign the receipt, or any other similar cause), it cannot be again offer- 
ed for delivery, either at the original address or elsewhere, as a 
special delivery letter, but will be delivered as soon after its return as 
possible by letter carrier. If the person addressed has removed, it 
will be forwarded free to its proper address, if it be known, either in 
this city or at another postoffice, but will, in either case be delivered 
only as an ordinary and not as a special delivery letter. 

Special delivery letters should be posted at the general postoffice, 
as when mailed in street boxes or at stations there is some delay inci- 
dent to collection and dispatch to main office. They may also be 
handed to any letter carrier (who cannot, however, deliver them, but 
will bring them to the general postoffice, on his return from his trip). 
Special delivery stamps may be purchased at the general postoffice 
and stamp agencies. 

An ordinary ten-cent postage stamp, or its equivalent in postage 
stamps of other demiuations, affixed to a letter will NOT entitle it to 
special delivery. 



"3 

POSTAL DICTIONARY. 

"printed matter" 

is the reproduction upon paper, by any process except that of hand 

or typewriting, of any words, letters, characters, figures, or images, 

or of any combination thereof, not having the character of an actual 

and personal correspondence, provided it is easy of recognition, as 

such. 

a "circular" 

is "a printed letter, which, according to internal evidence is being 
sent in identical terms to several persons," and does not lose its char- 
acter as such by writing therein the date, name of the addressee or of 
the sender, or the correction of mere typographical errors. 
"COMMERCIAL. PAPERS." 
All instruments or documents written or drawn wholly or partly 
by hand, which have not the character of an actual and personal cor- 
respondence. 

"UNMAILABLE MATTER." 

All matter which is, by law, regulation or treaty stipulation, pro- 
hibited from being transmitted in the mails (such as obscene matter, 
lottery matter, dangerous or destructive matter, coin and jewelry for 
foreign countries, mutilated matter, matter in excess of weight, and 
scurrilous matter on the outside of the envelope, wrapper or postal 
card), or matter which, by reason of illegible, incorrect or insufficient 
address of the person or office, cannot be forwarded to destination or 
delivered to the person for whom intended. 



INFORMATION FOR THE PUBLIC. 

Do not hold your mail until the closing of business, but mail it 
at frequent intervals during the day. 

Postage stamps are neither redeemable nor exchangeable for 
those of other denominations. 

Stamped envelopes, which have been spoiled by misdirection or 
other cause, and which have not been cancelled, if in a whole condi- 
tion, will be redeemed for the value of the postage on them, payable 
in stamps. 

Mail matter deposited on the top of the letter boxes is not in the 
custody of the postoffice. It is almost of daily occurrence to receive 
packages which have been deposited in this manner with the stamps 
torn off the wrapper by dishonest persons. 

From ten to twenty minutes are required to transfer the mails 
from the central office to the depots ; therefore, mail should be in the 
central office not less than one-half hour before the departure of the 
trains, and as much earlier as possible. 

It is of daily occurrence that letters intended for registration are 
received with the ordinary mail. Demand of your messengers the 
receipt of this office, which is always given for matter that is pre- 



n 4 

seuted at the registry window for registration. Otherwise your letter 
or parcel ruay not be registered. 

When mail matter is returned to the sender for more postage or 
for better direction, care should be taken to erase the rubber stamp 
impression put on by the postoffice before again placing the article 
in the mail, or better still, a new envelope or wrapper should be used. 

Letters for delivery in the United States, Canada or Mexico will be 
forwarded if one full rate of postage (2 cents) is paid, even if they be 
overweight. Letters to all other foreign countries will be forwarded 
without postage, but upon their arrival at destination will be charged 
with double the unpaid postage, which must be paid by addressee be- 
fore delivery. 



"PRECAUTIONS "BEFORE SMAIL1NG. 

See that the proper postage is prepaid. 

Have your letters and packages properly addressed. 

Have your card with a request to return upon the face of the 
envelope, so that in case of non-delivery it will be returned directly 
to you. 

All letters and packages with valuable contents should be regis- 
tered, as it is almost impossible to trace losses of ordinary mail matter. 

More mail matter is improperly handled, delayed, and missent 
because of imperfectly or carelessly written abbreviations of states 
than from all the other causes combined. 

When addressing matter for delivery in the city, the words 
"Scranton, Pa.," should be used and not "City." This will prevent 
the matter going astray which has been inadvertently sent out of 
the city. 

Persons mailing packages or parcels should not depend upon the 
scales in the corner grocery or nearest drug store to determine the 
proper amount of postage required, as only the scales in the postoffice 
are relied upou to ascertain the correct weight. 



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SPECIAL "REQUEST ENVELOPES. 

Special request envelopes must be purchased of and ordered by 
the postmaster, and will only be delivered by the Department to the 
purchaser through the postmaster. 

When stamped envelopes bearing a return request are purchased 
in lots of 500 and upwards, the Government will print on them the 
card of the sender, containing the name and address, free of charge. 

It ordinarily takes about two weeks after an order is sent to the 
Department before envelopes are received at this office. When 
ordering envelopes, it is necessary to give the number, denomination, 
quality and color, or to furnish a sample envelope. 



RATES OF POSTAGE. 

DOMESTIC. 



Weight 
Limit 



First Class.— Letters, sealed packages and 
all matter closed against inspection 

Postal Cards and Private Mailing Cards... 

Second Class. — Newspapers and periodical 
publications that have been entered as 

second-class matter 

When mailed by persons other than pub- 
lishers 

Third Class. — Circulars, books and matter 
wholly in print, engravings, lithographs, 
wood-cuts, photographs (checks, deeds, 
insurance policies), in blank, etc., proof 
with manuscript accompanying same, 
matter reproduced by cyclostyle, hecto- 
graph, mimeograph, electric pen, or 
other similar process easy of recognition, 
when not in the nature of personal corre- 
spondence ; seeds, bulbs, roots, scions 
and plants ; visiting cards and business 
cards 

Fourth Class. — Merchandise and matter not 
included in any of above classes, which 
is not in its form or nature liable to de- 
stroy or damage the contents of the mail- 
bag, or harm persous engaged in the 
mail service 



2 cents for each ounce or 
fraction thereof 

1 cent each 

1 cent per pound or frac- 
tion thereof 

1 cent for 4 ounces or frac- 
tion thereof. 



1 cent for each 2 ounces or 
fraction thereof 



1 cent for each ounce or 
fraction thereof. 



No limit. 



No limit. 
No limit. 



4 pounds 
(except for 
single vol- 
umes of 
books — no 
limit). 



4 pounds 



FOREIGN POSTAGE. 

ALL FOREIGN COUNTRIES, EXCEPT CANADA AND MEXICO. 

Letters per 15 grams ( ]/ 2 ounce) 5 cents 

Single postal cards, each 2 cents 

Double postal cards, each 4 cents 

Newspaper and other printed matter, per 2 ounces 1 cent 

COMMERCIAL PAPERS. 
Packets not in excess of 10 ounces 5 cents 



iiy 

Packets in exeess of 10 ounces, for each 2 ounces or fraction 
thereof 1 cent 

SAMPLES OF MERCHANDISE. 

Packets not in excess of 4 ounces 2 cents 

Packets in excess of 4 ounces, for each 2 ounces or fraction 

thereof 1 cent 

Registration fee on letters or other articles S cents 

Packages of samples must not exceed 12 oz. in weight, 12 inches 
in length, 8 inches in breadth, and 4 inches in depth (if a roll — 12 
inches in length and 6 inches in diameter). 

Ordinary letters for any foreign country (except Canada and 
Mexico) must be forwarded, whether any postage is prepaid on them 
or not. All other mailable matter must be prepaid at least partially. 

TO CANADA. 

Same rates as for United States, except that " Commercial 
Papers" are transmissible at the postage rates given above, under 
head " Commercial Papers ; " that packages of seeds, plants, etc., are 
subject to the postage rate of one cent per ounce, and that the follow- 
ing articl'es are absolutely excluded from the mails, without regard to 
the amount of postage prepaid, or the manner in which they are 
wrapped, viz.: 

All sealed packages other than letters in their usual and ordinary 
form; all packages (except single volumes of printed books and pack- 
ages of second-class matter), which weigh more than 4 pounds 6 
ounces; Police Gazette, Police News, and publications which violate 
any copyright law of Canada. 

TO MEXICO. 

Same rates as for United States, except that articles of miscel- 
laneous merchandise (fourth-class matter), not sent as bona fide trade 
samples, are required to be sent by "Parcels-Post; " and that the 
following articles are absolutely excluded from the mails without 
regard to the amount of postage prepaid or the manner in which they 
are wrapped, viz.: 

All sealed packages other than letters, in their usual and ordinary 
form ; all packages (including packages of second-class matter, which 
weigh more than 4 pounds 6 ounces) except such as are sent by 
"Parcels-Post;" liquids, pastes, confections, and fatty substances; 
publications which violate any copyright law of Mexico. 

Single volumes of printed books in unsealed packages are trans- 
missible to Mexico in the regular mails without limit as to weight. 

"Commercial Papers," and bona-fide trade samples are trans- 
missible to Mexico in the regular mails at the postage rate given 
above, under head "Commercial Papers" and "Samples of Merchan- 
dise," respectively. 



n8 

UNITED STATES POSTAL cAGENCY <AT SHANGHAI. 

Articles addressed for delivery at the following places in China, 
viz.: 

Cheefoo or Yenti, Newehwang, Shanghai, 

Chin Kiang, Ning Po, Taku, 

Chun King, Ourga, Tientsin, 

Kaipiug, Peking, Wenchow, 

Kaigan, Hang Chow, Wuchang, 

Kiukiang, Hankow, Wunu, 

Nanking, Ichang, 

are transmissible in the mails made up in San Francisco and Tacoma 
for the U. S. Postal Agency at Shanghai. 

Articles of every kind and nature which are admitted to the 
United States domestic mails are admitted to the mails exchanged 
between the United States and the United States Postal Agency at 
Shanghai, China; subject, however, to the following rates of postage, 
which must be prepaid in all cases, by means of United States post- 
age stamps, on all articles except official correspondence in "penalty" 
envelopes: 

First-class matter, 5 cents for each half ounce or fraction of half 
ounce. 

Postal Cards, single, 2 cents each ; double, 4 cents each. 
Second and third-class matter, and samples of merchandise not 
exceeding 8 ounces in weight, 1 cent for each 2 ounces or fraction of 
2 ounces. 

Fourth-class matter, 1 cent for each ounce or fraction of an 
ounce. 

Registration fee, 8 cents ; no additional charge for return receipt. 

Articles other than letters in their usual and ordinary form must 

not be closed against inspection, but must be so wrapped or inclosed 

that they may be readily and thoroughly examined by postmasters 

and customs officers. 





cAthur W. Close, 
Secretary and Stenographer. 



William C D. Troche, 
Superintendent Free "Delivery. 





Louis G. Schautz, 
Chief Mailing Clerk. 



"Patrick J. SMesset, 
Money Order Clerk. 





J. Frederick Schwenk, 
Registry Clerk. 



Evan G. "Reese, 
General Delivery Clerk. 








'David H. 'Jenkins, 
General Delivery Clerk. 



George J. 'Duhigg, 
Stamp Clerk. 




Edward 'P. Janne, 
Stamp Clerk. 






Christian cfr(eher r - 
Mailing Clerk. 



Thomas F. cMcDonough, 
Mailing Clerk. 





Joseph W. Hall, 
Mailing Clerk. 



^Benjamin F. cAllen, 
Distributor. 





Joseph H. cMathias, 
Distributor. 



Elias Williams, 
Utility Clerk. 





George P. Fellenser, 
Stamper, 



John H. cMcDonough, 
Stamper. 





"Rutherford <B. H. Kinback, 
Stamper. 



"Royal Taft, 
Substitute Clerk. 





cMichael SVIaloney, 
Substitute Clerk. 



Julia cA. White, 
Substitute Clerk. 





William J. Elias, 
Substitute Clerk. 



William Campbell, 
Special Delivery Messenger. 








Cornelius Barrett, 
Special Delivery Messenger. 



nomas J. %eilley, 
Special Delivery Messenger. 





lames H. l^eilley. 
Janitor. 



John <P. White, 
Watchman and Fireman. 





John H. 'Phillips, William F. Gibbons, 

Superintendent West Scranton Station. General Utility Clerk, West Scranton Station. 





James F. Lynott, Carrier No. I. 



John P. Forster, Carrier No. 2. 





George R. Gehrer, Carrier No. 3. 



Walter SMcNichols, Carrier No. 4. 




E. S. Evans, Carrier No. 5. 



John J. Higgins, Carrier No. b. 





Joseph Schiel, Jr., Carrier No. 7. 



Henry'lKnoepfel, Carrier No. 8. 





William B. Prosser, Carrier No. ■?. William D. cMorgan, Carrier No. 10. 





William cA. cMoser, Carrier No. II. 



John Kelly, Carrier No. 12. 





Leopold Johler, Carrier No. IS. 



George c4. Jones, Carrier No. 14. 





cArmit 7homas, Carrier No. 15. 



SMichael J. O'Malley, Carrier No. lb. 





Fred. H. Emery, Carrier No. 17. 



Joseph Fidiam, Carrier No. 18. 





John T. cMaloney, Carrier No. l q . 



cArgus cA£. Jenkins, Carrier No. 20. 





Harry E. Whyte, Carrier No. 21. 



James cMcGinnis, Carrier No. 22. 





Thomas O. Williams, Carrier No. 23. 



Thomas R. Jones, Carrier No. 24. 





Lucius R. Squier, Carrier No. 25. 



David U. Reese, Carrier No. 2b. 




John cMcDonough, Carrier No. 27. 



Elmer E. cAffleck, Carrier No. 28. 





William J. Oivens, Carrier No. 2<>. 



^Benjamin L. Jones, Carrier No. 30. 





William J. Cannon, Carrier No. 32. 




Eugene Evans, Carrier No. 33. William H. liird. Carrier No. 34. 





Victor H. Lauer, Carrier No. 35. George W. Frisbie, Carrier No. 3b. 



< 








Thomas D. Davis, Carrier No. 37. 



John Tf. Davis, Carrier No. 38. 





Isaac J. T'rice, Carrier No. 39. 



'Burton E. Weldy, Carrier No. 40. 





Thomas C B. "Birtley, Carrier No. 41. 



Edward D. Jones, Carrier No. 42. 







Harry H. Moore, Carrier No. 43. Ednuard J. Leonard, Substitute Carrier. 




Henry KeUerman, Substitute Carrier. Henry R. Edwards, Substitute Carrier. 




George A. Cobb, Substitute Carrier. 'Richard Evans, Substitute Carrier. 



^y^- 



international 
Correspondence Schools 

OF SCR ANTON, PA. 

THE LARGEST PATRON OF THE 
SCRANTON POST OFFICE 



-?ffi^ 




EXECUTIVE BUILDINGS OF THE SCHOOLS. 



■jr •cj» ■-jr -r^ -"jr fj-- ^j? fj» •-j? fj» •^? fj» •-jr fj» ■-jr fj» ^j? -<j» «j? ^ ^r f^ 



Scranton, Pa., July 30, 1901. 
MR. E. J. FOSTER, Vice-Pees., 

The Colliery Engineer Co., Scranton, Pa. 
Dear Sir : 

Through some neglect, or inadvertence, for which I may probably 
have been as much to blame as any one else, the article furnished by 
you for insertion in the Post Office History, was omitted. I do not 
want this to go out without having some mention of the patron of the 
office which furnishes so much business, and I would therefore ask 
you to furnish me with an article that I can attach as a supplement, 
showiug the growth, scope of, and present condition of the Schools. 
If you will kindly furnish me this, I will be much obliged. 

Very truly yours, 

EZRA H. RIPPLE, P. M. 

* # 4 

Scranton, Pa., August 23, 1901. 
COL. EZRA H. RIPPLE, Postmaster, 

Scranton, Pa. 
My dear Sir : 

la response to your letter of July 30, I take pleasure in enclosing 
you a brief history of the International Correspondence Schools, 
brought up to date of July 1, which I trust you will hnd satisfactory. 
With kind regards, I remain, 

Yours very truly, 

RCFUS J. FOSTER, 

Vice-President. 



V ^v V "^ ^ "^ V "^ ^ ^ ^ ^r ^ ^r V ^ ^ ^ ^ ^r V ^T 



HISTORY OF THE INTERNATIONAL CORRE- 
SPONDENCE SCHOOLS OF SCRANTON, PA. 



A history of the Scranton post office would he incomplete 
without a brief sketch of the International Correspondence 
Schools, an institution that has had the greatest influence on 
the postal receipts at Scranton and is now using postage on 
its outgoing mail amounting to about $100,000 a year. 

The International Correspondence Schools, of Scranton, 
Pa., had their origin in the fall of 1891 as The Correspond- 
ence School of Mines, and their growth has been one of rapid 
evolution aided by intelligent direction and a large expenditure 
of capital. Over $2,000,000 have been invested in the busi- 
ness, about 1,000 people are employed in the home offices, 
and nearly 1,500 in the field department. 

The School of Mines was originally established as an 
adjunct to MINES AND MINERALS, a technical mining 
journal published by The Colliery Engineer Company. In 
1891, this periodical was called "The Colliery Engineer 
and Metal Miner." Among its various editorial subdivi- 
sions was one called "The Correspondence Department," in 
which the readers of the journal asked and answered ques- 
tions pertaining to practical mining operations. The services 
of the editors were made available to the readers for assistance 
in some of the more difficult questions. 

The various States adopted in turn mining laws requiring 
the employment of only such mine officials as could pass 
examinations in the sciences connected with mining. As a 
result of these laws, the more ambitious mine workers pur- 
chased some or all of the few books that could be obtained 
on mining subjects, and attempted to educate themselves. 
As is usual in such cases, the majority of these men did not 
have sufficient preliminary education to understand the 



formulas and calculations involved in the principles taught; 
or if they did, their studies were not properly directed, and 
but few were successful. Those who were attempting to 
educate themselves in this way asked assistance from "The 
Correspondence Department" of MINES AND MINERALS, 
whenever they came across a formula or a principle they 
could not understand. The publication was a monthly, 
however, and this was a slow method of gaining the desired 
assistance. From time to time the editors were importuned 




GROUP OF WRITERS AND PRINCIPALS. 

to reply to inquiries by mail, and these requests becoming 
at length very numerous, it was resolved to organize a "Corre- 
spondence School of Mines" as an adjunct to MINES 
AND MINERALS. 

Experience had shown that ordinary textbooks are entirely 
unsuited for this work; educated men of practical experi- 
ence were therefore employed to prepare Instruction and 
Question Papers on such lines as would meet the require- 



ments of the class of men for whom the Schools were estab- 
lished. There was adopted an original system of correcting 
the work of each student, of giving him special instruc- 
tion and explanations whenever necessary, and of hand- 
ling his work so that he was actually "a class by himself," 
and could study and recite where and when he pleased. 

The success of The Correspondence School of Mines 
made it evident to the management of The Colliery Engineer 
Company that there was a broader field for instruction by 
mail; and in response to inquiries from all parts of the con- 
tinent, The Correspondence School of Mechanics, The Corre- 
spondence School of Architecture, The Correspondence School 
of Electricity, The Correspondence School of Civil Engi- 
neering, etc., and numerous subdivisions were formed from 
time to time, and competent specialists were engaged as writers 
of Instruction Papers and as Instructors. The authors of the 
Instruction Papers all worked in such a way that while the 
Papers were on different subjects and pertained to different 
occupations, they were all on the same general plan. Each 
course began with the most elementary branches, and by 
easy steps approached and treated the advanced subjects con- 
nected with each course. A special feature was that in each 
course nothing essential to the course was omitted and nothing 
superfluous was incorporated in the Instruction Papers. 

The writer of the ordinary textbook assumes that the 
student of that book will be under the guidance of a teacher 
who will omit certain portions of the subject and embelish 
others, according to the student's needs. He assumes, also, 
that the student has a certain amount of preliminary educa- 
tion. Such a writer does not often consider it necessary to 
go into details in discussing the subject, since the teacher is 
expected to draw upon his own knowledge in explaining impor- 
tant points. In the preparation of textbooks or Instruction 
Papers for Correspondence Instruction, it must be assumed 



that the student knows nothing of the subject in hand, unless 
it has been treated in a previous Paper. The textbooks for 
each course must, therefore, be complete and at the same 
time concise. Each Instruction Paper is one of a series on 
some special subject, and it must not include anything that 
does not pertain directly to that specialty ; it must, however, 
contain everything necessary to a complete understanding of 




TEXTBOOK DEPARTMENT. PREPARATION OF INSTRUCTION PAPERS. 



the matter treated on and of the principles carried forward in 
the more advanced Papers that follow. In accordance with 
this idea the International Correspondence Schools are using 
nine different original arithmetics, five different original Papers 
on steam engineering, etc. 

Much of the success of the Schools is due to the excellence 
of these Instruction Papers — and to the easy, yet accurate, 



language employed, and to the clearness with which princi- 
ples are explained and illustrated. 

These papers are frequently revised. This revision is 
easier and less expensive than would be the case with ordi- 
nary textbooks. This is because they consist of connected 
serial parts of from 30 to 100 pages each; besides, experience 
in teaching from these Instruction Papers enables the writers 
to determine which particular points in each are most diffi- 
cult of comprehension, and the aim is to make each revi- 
sion of an Instruction Paper clearer, if possible, than the 
former edition. Changes and improvements in apparatus 
and methods are noted, and the student receives the latest 
and best information on the subject studied. Up to the 
present time, hundreds of these Instruction Papers, with 
their accompanying Question Papers, have been prepared and 
copyrighted at a cost for authorship and printing of over half 
a million dollars. 

Many persons who have always believed the presence of 
a teacher necessary to a successful mastery of any subject, 
cannot understand how the International Correspondence 
Schools are meeting with success so wonderful and lasting. 
The following explanation will make this point clear: In a 
resident school or college, the student studies his lessons 
and then proceeds to the recitation room where he works out 
exercises on the blackboard and answers the questions of the 
teacher. The latter, in explaining the subject, goes into 
details not found in the textbook, illustrates his remarks with 
experiments, examples, etc, and explains any points that 
the student does not fully understand. 

By the International System the student first studies an 
Instruction Paper fully illustrated with drawings of experi- 
mental and practical apparatus, and containing numerous 
examples for practice. He then goes to the "recitation 
room,'' which is wherever his paper and ink happen to be, 



and writes his answers to the School's printed questions. 
These he forwards to Scranton for examination and correc- 
tion, and then proceeds with the study of the next Instruc- 
tion Paper. 

As will be noted by comparing the statements above, the 
two processes are almost parallel, with the exception that the 
teacher furnishes additional information in the recitation 
room. To meet this point the Schools provide such informa- 




PART OF EXAMINATION DEPARTMENT. EXAMINERS CORRECTING 
STUDENTS' LESSON PAPERS. 

tion in the Instruction Papers, and in addition furnish each 
student with information blanks on which to inform his 
instructor of any difficulties with which he has met and on 
which he asks additional instruction. In reply he receives a. 
minute, careful explanation of the subject he has failed to 
understand. If, through great lack of elementary education, 
he very frequently meets with difficulty in the study of any 
subject, a "Special Instructor" is assigned to him, on request,, 
who gives special attention to his case. 



The results attained by the Schools have been such that 
the management guarantees to any student the successful 
completion of any subject provided only that he can read and 
write English and is willing to try. When the student's 
answers are received at the Schools, they are first examined 
by Instructors specially trained for the work. They carefully 
go over the work, checking in red ink errors in arithmetic, 
spelling, punctuation, etc. The answers are then submitted 
to the Principals for the final examination and correction of 
such subjects as the examiners are not competent to correct. 
When an error is discovered, it is not only indicated in red 
ink but a careful explanation of that particular error is 
written on the back of the sheet. Whenever necessary, 
special instructions are given to the student on points in 
which he is weak. 

The method of teaching drawing is original, and its 
results are practical. In all courses that include this subject, 
the first Instruction Paper on Drawing is sent with the first 
work, together with a mailing tube in which to return the 
finished plate. The Instruction Paper contains detailed 
directions for the use and care of drawing instruments, for 
making the first plate, and for sending in the work. Begin- 
ning with the drawing of simple lines, the student is gradually 
made familiar with geometrical constructions in daily use in 
the drafting room, and thus advances to actual working 
plans of mechanical and architectural constructions, etc. 
The Model Plates sent to the student are from zinc etchings, 
made smaller than the original plates, and the student makes 
an original drawing to the required scale. 

Papers or Drawing Plates are entered upon the record 
books as passed when 90% or more of the work is correct. 
If the student fails to attain 90% at the first trial, he is given 
special exercises until he masters the subject. With each 
corrected set of answers, or Drawing Plates, the student receives 



a "Student's Record Card," which states the per cent, 
allowed on the work. Finely engraved "Certificates of 
Progress" bearing the signature of the Principal and the Seal 
of the Schools, are sent the student upon the completion of the 
Preparatory, Drawing, Intermediate, Advanced, and Techni- 
cal divisions of a Course, and a "Certificate of Proficiency," 
or Diploma, is awarded when the student attains 90%, or 
over, on his final examination. 




PART OF MAILING DEPARTMENT. 



The Instruction and Question Papers are sent to the stu- 
dent in such a manner that he alwa} r s has work on hand, so 
that when one set of Answers is in transit through the mail 
to the Schools, he has the succeeding set of Instruction 
Papers, or Drawing Plates to work on. The Instruction 
Papers become the property of the student, who, however, 
pledges himself to reserve them strictly for his own use. In 
addition to the Question and Instruction Papers furnished to 



the student, as he progresses with his work, he is provided with 
a complete duplicate set of all the Instruction and Question 
Papers, Drawing Plates, and Keys, fully indexed and uni- 
formly bound in half leather. The} 7 are a library of practical 
information on the subject treated; and to the student, they 
are really worth more than the entire cost of his Course. 

The growth of the Internationl Correspondence School as 
is shown by the following table of enrollments of students 
beginning with October 16, 1891, when the first student in 
The Correspondence School of Mines was enrolled. 

October 16, 1891 1 

January 1, 1892 115 

January 1, 1893 1,231 

January 1, 1894 3,092 

January 1, 1895 5,657 

January 1, 1896 10,115 

January 1, 1897 16,635 

January 1, 1898 30,252 

January 1, 1899 68,824 

January 1, 1900 139,280 

July 1, 1900 188.554 

July 1, 1901 311,589 

This enormous growth was due partly to the judicious and 
successful plans of the management, and partly to the uni- 
form success of the students, and their strong endorsement 
of the institution among their friends. The growth of the 
Schools is aptly illustrated by the following table of annual 
expenditures for postage on the outgoing mail of the Schools: 



Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 
Year 



ending 
ending 
ending- 
ending 
ending 
ending 
ending 
ending 
ending 
ending 
ending 



May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 
May 31 



1891 $ 633.89 

1892 1,043.34 

1893 2,502.12 
1894. . 7,259.32 

1895 . 9,429.88 

1896 17,454.19 

1897 26,199.35 

1898 34,063.68 

1899 .... 37,751.00 

1900 53,204.40 

1901 72,177.87 



The establishment and successful work of these Schools 
not only marked a new era in the educational development 
of the world, but they have exemplified the benefits conferred 
on the citizens of the United States by our unexcelled 
postal facilities. 

Naturally, the success of an institution such as the Inter- 
national Correspondence Schools has had a tendency to 
cause unscrupulous attempts to take advantage of their 
reputation and business standing, and to either adopt a name 
similar, or one that would be likely to cause people to think 
that by patronizing them they are enrolling in the Interna- 
tional Correspondence Schools. These counterfeits, like 
other fraudulent schemes, are short-lived. 

The headquarters of the International Correspondence 
Schools are in their own handsome buildings on Wyoming 
Avenue, Scranton. In these buildings most of the instruc- 
tion work and the general management are centered. An 
immense new building to accommodate the large Printing 
Plant is under construction on Wyoming Avenue, a few 
blocks north of the present main building. The overflow from 
the present office buildings, which overflow is now quartered in 
over a dozen other buildings of the city, will be domiciled in 
this structure. The new building will cover an area of 
167 X 460 ft., and will be three and four stories in height. 
There are branch enrollment and collection offices in most of 
the important cities and towns of the United States and 
Canada, and the employes connected with these offices 
represent the International Correspondence Schools solely as 
solicitors for business. In addition to the various branch 
enrollment and collection offices, the Schools have six hand- 
some special Railway Cars, built especially for the purposes 
of the Schools. These cars are equipped in a very superior 
manner as Air- Brake Instruction Cars and are supplied with 
models of standard locomotives. Competent instructors in 



Locomotive Running and Air-Brake practice accompany each 
car and give personal instructions, illustrated by stercopticon 
views, to employes of the principal trunk lines all over the 
country. The cars are constantly traveling over the railway 
systems of the country enrolling students, who receive their 
instruction from the home office in Scran ton, Pa., and in 
addition, are given special instructions by the lecturers in the 
cars. This department of the work of the Schools has met 
with very great favor among the leading railway officials of 
the United States and Canada, who have found by experience 
that the value of the services of their employes is in direct 




ONE OF THE SIX INSTRUCTION CARS. 

proportion to their advancement in the Course they have 
studied in the Schools. At this time the International Cor- 
respondence Schools have contracts with over fifty of the 
most prominent railway lines in the United States, over 
which these cars are transported ; and the railway officials 
are urgent in advising their employes to enroll in the Schools. 
Aside from the branch enrollment offices and the cars, 
the Schools have no branches, nor are they in any way con- 
nected with any of the weak counterfeits that are attempting 
to acheive success by fraudulent methods. 



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