Skip to main content

Full text of "History of the Second connecticut volunteer heavy artillery. Originally the Nineteenth Connecticut vols"

See other formats


University of 
Connecticut Libraries 

University of Connecticut 



Homer Babbidge Library 


Access Services/Circulation 


369 Fairfield F-^oad Unii 1005 


Storrs CT 06269-1005 


Phone (860)486-2518 

Ik * A 


hbl, stx 

3 TIE 



.11 I S T O I^ Y^ 



llohmtccr CJcaDD Qlrtillcry* 




First Lieutenant anil Adjutant. 

Arraa virosque cano. 

f-^^j^-i S*^*,i*.l 





Page 358. In the list of Quartermaster Sergeants, instead of 
" George W. Kingsley," read Robert Erwin. George W. Kingsley 
should have been entered in the list of Commissary Sergeants. 


THIS "\' O L U M E 

IS i:sscrvii5ED. 



Organization, Rendezvous, and Departure from Connecticut, 9 

Under Slough's Command, - - 17 

In the Forts, .., 2x 

The Change from Infantry to Artillery, • - - . 43 

To the Front, ^« 

Cold Harbor, -...-7 

Petersburg, ^^ 

Washington, Snicker's Gap, and Washington Again, . - 80 

Marching and Countermarching, gg 

Winchester, go 

Fisher's Hill, ^^ 

Cedar Creek, HI 

Petersburg- Again, 133 

Fort Fisher, Capture of Petersburg, and Sailor's Creek, - 148 

The Dead of the Regiment, 16S 


The Surviving Wounded, - - -- - - - - 209 

Official Report from March 1, 18Gi, to March 1, 18t;5, - 234 

Catalogue of the Regiment, 253 

Battle Recollections and Personal Sketches, ... 319 


Statistics, Memoranda, Incidents, Anecdotes, Observations, &c., 337 

Lee's Surrender, and Exeunt Omnes. . - - - - 353 


On the walls of many a parlor throughout the country hangs a 
picture which represents the General Marion ot 1776 in his forest 
encampment, in the act of inviting a British officer to dine with 
him ;— the point of the picture consisting in the fact that the General 
has nothing but roasted potatoes to set before his guest, whose 
astonishment thereat seems to be extreme. The sufferings of our 
Revolutionary sires whose bare feet left bloody tracks in the snow at 
Valley Forge, have also been the unfailing theme of Painters, Poets, 
Historians and Orators. If these be good precedents, (and they 
surely are,) they justify the following attempt to set forth, under the 
name of "History," the services of a regiment whose career was 
80 crowded with greater deeds and experiences that no room has 
been found in this volume to tell of its bloody tracks, although the 
line of march from Hatcher's Run to Warren's Station was mor 
than once marked with them;-nor of pinching want, although many 
a day was passed with far poorer fore than General Marion's. 

Although it is to be hoped that this work will be of interest to the 
general public, at least to some extent, yet it has been prepared 
especially for the surviving members of the regiment and the imme- 


diate friends of those "who fell. If it shall i^rovc acceptable to them, 
the object of its publicatiou will be abuudantlj' accomplished. 

Au effort has been made to procure the iDortraits of all the deceased 
officers of the regiment, (fourteen in number) for insertion ; but 
"^vithout success. The four contained in the book are considei'ed, 
very correct likenesses, — especially those of Hosford, Berry and 

To mention the names of all to whom the author is indebted for 
assistance in the collection of materials for this work would swell it 
beyond its prescribed limits. He can only spare a line to thank 
them for favors which merit a thousand. He desires, however, to 
express his great obligations to General C. M. Ingersoll, Adjutant 
General of Connecticut, and Captain James B. Coit, A. A. G., for 
Tarious courtesies ; and to Chaplain Winthrop H. Phelps, Assistant 
Surgeon Judson B. Andrews, Lieutenant Homer S. Curtis, Lieu- 
tenant Salmon A. Grauger, and Quartermaster Sergeant Henry P. 
Milford for special acts of kindness appertaining to the work. 

West Winsted, Co:?n., September, 186S. 





Sotin^l all tho lofty instrtimenls of wur, 
ATI'! by that iin;.sic let ns nil oniljriK-c ; 
Kor. h 11 veil to e;iiih, soiik- of u.s iiL-vcr shall 
A stcoiil timo <iu .such :i c<>uiic.'<y. 

King Hexry IV". Part I'irst. 

Immediate]}- after the disastrous close of ]\[cClellairs Penin- 
sular Campaign in 18(32, President Lincoln called for three 
hundred thousand volunteers. In pursuance of this cali. 
Governor Buckinu-ham, on tlie ;3d of July, issued a proclama- 
tion urging the people of Connecticut to raise, at once, six or 
seven new regiments ; and shortly afterward, the Adjutant 
General of tlic State addressed a circular to the selectmen of 
towns, recommending that meetings he held, and suital)le 
persons selected for recruiting officers. Special town meetings 
were accordingly called ; and on the 22d of July the people of 
'• ^lountain County "' gave authoritative expression of their 
spirit and purpose in a County Convention at Litchtield, at 
wliich resolutions were unanimously passed declaring that (di 
cutire rcfjimeut should Ije raised within the county, and urging 
the sevcra.l towns to ofter a iKJunty of one hundred dollars to 
each volunteer. The Convention also unanimously recom- 

10 Tlir. NiNETEEXTIf 

mended Leverctfc W. Wcssells for the Colonelcy, :ind requested 
the Governor to rendezvous the new reijiment at Litchlield. 

The project of raising the Ninetecntli, thus fairly set on foot, 
was pushed forward with the utmost vigor. A bounty of one 
hundred dollars was offered by most, if not all, of the towns, 
and recruiting olficers designated, who forthwith opened offices, 
and canvassed mountain and valley, field, factory, shop, high- 
way and hedge, for recruits. The offer of a commission to any 
one who should enlist forty men proved a great incentive to 
efibrt, and every j'oung man who contemplated enlisting was 
straightway beset with a persistent horde of rival drummers, — 
each armed with a persuasive tongue, and a marvelous list of 
inducements. Nine companies were soon filled to the maxi- 
mum, and some of them had several to spare. Colonel Wesselis 
received his commission on the 2.jth of July, and on the loth 
of August issued a Circular directing all officers recruiting for 
the Nineteenth Connecticut Volunteers to bring their squads 
into camp at Litchfield on the 19th of August, or as soon 
thereafter as practicable. 

On the appointed day the Litchfield Company assembled at 
the Town Hall. The gentlemen who composed it arranged 
themselves in two rows, each man standing so very erect that 
his spine descril)ed an inward curve, painful l)otli to himself 
and the spectator ; and having by much tuition been ena})le(l 
to master the evolution known as " right face,'' the i)rocession 
proudly moved, with Captain Bissell at its head, to Camp 
Dutton, on Chestnut Hill, a mile east of the village, — so name! 
in honor of Lieutenant Henry M. Dutton, of the F'ifth Con- 
necticut Volunteers, who had fallen at Cedar Mountain only 
ten days before. Upon arriving, they found a supply of ])c\]- 
ghai)ed tents awaiting them, which were soon pitched in regular 

orcUr, ilnttcr the supervision of Luinan Wa^liiams, 'who had 
seen service in the Eighth ; and ))efore ni^ht tlic dwellers in the 
siirroiinding country, and far aAvay on the hills, were bending 
their eves toward tlie snow-wliite canvas that marked the tirj*t 
and only military encampment that had been seen within their 
borders since ancient times. 

Major Elisha S. Kellogg, of the First Connecticut Artillery, 
wlio liad Ijeen commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of the new 
regiment, arrived the next clav. He had come directlv from 
3IcClellan's army, and the dust of the Peninsula ^nd the mud 
of Harrison's Landing were still upon him. The smoke of 
battle seemed to be curling out of his eye-l)roW8, and he looked 
- — from tlie upturned risor of his cap to his spur-clad boots — 
the very embodiment of grini-visaged war. He visited the 
camp, and closely Avatched the movements of tlie men wlio 
were voluntarily drilling here and there, wherever an aml)itious 
recruit, with an eye to straps or chevrons, could prevail upon 
his fellows to form a squad and go through evolutions that 
woiild liave puzzled Casey or Upton. Although the men did 
not know him, yet they perceived that his face bore a command 
in it, and began to wonder who he was, and v.hether he had 
not something to do with the regiment. Their suspicions were 
reduced to a very absolute certainty when he stepped u]) to a 
man who was drilling witli the stump of a pipe in his mouth, 
and said — with a look that rendered disobedience impossible, 
and a voice that made the squad wink as though they liad 
been struck upon the liead with the butt of a musket — " Take 
THAT rii'E OUT OF Youii MOUTH, SIR.'' No slicU cvcr left a 
mortar much more suddenly than that pipe was ejected from 
the mouth of the smoker. 

On the 21st of August, seven Companies, with nearly seven 


THE ni>;ete.entii 

hundred men, marclicd into LitcLficld, and after lialting for 
refreshments at the Tovrn Hall, -svhere tlie ever patriotie Indies 
liad lavishly provided f >r their entertainment, proceeded to 
camp. The following table shows the al])habetical designation 
of the Companies, the names of the principal recruiting otticers, 
and the num))er of men furnished bv the several towns* : 


Litchfield Co. 


Williuni HisscU, 
A. B. Siuumvay, 
C. B. Hatch, 

Jus. Hiibbuid, 
F. A. Cooke, 

Litelitield tiH, Harwin- 
ton 10, Morris 7, Wash- 
ing-ton 5, otlier towns 7. 

Salisbury 4H, Kent 24. 
Canaan 7, other towns 


Salisbury Co. 




James Q. lliec, 
W. T. Spencer, 

(loslien 42, Torringtun 
84, other towns 1:2. 

Plymoutu Co. 


A. H. Fell 11, 
W. 11. Lewis, jr., 
Kobt. A. Potter, 

Plymouth 5:!, Watort'n 
IS, Harwintun BJ, Bur- 
lintrton 1, Morris 1. 



Jctt'rcn' Skinner, 
B. F. Hosford, 
II. D. Gaylord, 

WiiK'licster 02, Norfo41< 
1(5, Barlviiamsted 5,. oth- 
er towns 7. 

New IIahtford Co. 


E. W. Jones, 
James Deane, 

New ilanf'd oO, Canaan 
1(5, No. Canaan 19, Cole- 
brook 14, B'kiranisted D. 

Cornwall Co. 



Lyman Teator, 
Gad N. Smltli, 

Sharon 41, Cornwiill 84, 
other towns 15. 

New Milford Co. 

G. S. Williams, 

New Milford 87, Wash- 
in.i;-ton 21, Kent 21, War- 
ren 5, other towns 8. 

Woodbury Co. 


Eli Speny, 

Wood!)ury til, other 
towns 20. 

Com})any I arrived on the 24th of August; and a few days 
later the commandants of the nine Companies were each 
required to furnish a cpiota for tlie formation of a tenth Com- 
pany, (K,) which was thus made up of recruits from twenty- 
five ditlerent towns. 

*Tlus ta))le shows the strength of each company after its K quota 
had been tiansferred. 

COK>:ECtiCrt VOLrNtEERS. 13 

And so the Xixf.tkkntii t>-;is encamped. In order to mirJe 
it, Litditieid Countv liatl driven irp the flo^ver of her roiith. tlic 
pride and liope of hundreds of her families; and tliey liad l»y 
no means enlisted to fight for a superior class of men at home. 
There v,as no superior class at home. In moral qualities, in 
social woi-th. in every civil relatif^n. they were the l)ost that 
Connecticut hail to give. More than fifty of the rank and tile 
of the regiment subsequently found their way to commissions, 
and at least a hundred more proved themselves not one wliit 
less competent or worthy to wear sash and sal»er, if it had ]:)een 
their fortune. It was the intelligent obedience, the soldierly 
bearing, the self respect, the faithfulness, the wounds and lilood 
of the enlisted men of the Nineteenth Infantry, afterward the 
Second Artillery, that averted defeat or secured victory for the 
cause of the Union upon more than one desperate tield, anu 
that purchased stars for more than one pair of shoulders. 

Camp Dutton was a beautiful ppot, Init no place for a 
regiment to learn its h.ard and ugly trade. Fond motliers and 
aunts raked the position with a galling and incessant lire of 
doughnuts, apples, butter, pics, cheese, honey, and other dain- 
ties not conducive to the suppression of the rebellion, and 
citizens thronged the streets and environs of the camp from 
morning till night. Lieutenant Colonel Kellogg was impatient 
at this state of things, and well he might be. The actual 
command had devolved on him from the lirst, (Colonel Wessells 
being occupied with matters appertaining to the organization 
and outfit of the regiment,) and he feared lest lie should be 
called into tight v.ith the men all innocent and raw as they 
were.— for Lee was in ]NIar\-land. and the rumbling of the storm 
that shortly afteru-ard burst at Anrietam and Sharpslnirg could 
plainly be heard. Colonel Kellogg, though equal to any 


'emergency in tlie nekl, was not cruel enoiigli to set brave and 
noble volunteers on a sliarp-backed wooden horse, twenty 
liands Ligli, in the presence of their sweethearts ; and even 
when he invited Briggs, of B company, to carry a rail for 
several hours, for some otfence that seemed slight in civil eyes, 
the tender hearted maidens were distressed, and said it was 
" too bad." (Briggs survived it, however, and survived every 
fight of the regiment, showing himself always a good soldier, 
and at length receiving promotion.) Indeed, no discipline was 
possible at Camp Dutton ; and preparations for departure were 
made with all despatch. On the 9tli of Septcml^er every man 
w-as examined by the Surgeon to ascertain his physical qualifi- 
c-ations for a soldier's life. Several were rejected, among whom 
was Albert A. Jones, of Company A, upon whom Dr. Plumb 
found some insignificant breach, which was disallowed hx the 
regulations. Jones was terribly disappointed, and so were his 
comrades. They presented his case to Colonel Wessells, v.Iio 
conferred with the Doctor,— and great was the rejoicing in 
Company A when it was found that Jones could go ; for he 
was a general favorite. He went, and never gave out, on drill 
or march, until a bullet pierced his breast and laid him dead 
at Cold Harbor. 

There is a difference in men. The Nineteenth contained 
hundreds who, like Jones, would almost rather have died than 
stay at home; while only a few days i)efore, Litchfield luid 
witnessed the irruption of a vast horde of heroes who would 
rather have died than go. Great, strapping men, who before 
the war had always boasted of their bodily puissance, and who 
were never suspected, before or since, of having any other 
disease than a rush of pusillanimity to the heart, came limping 
and hobbling into toAvn, and with touching earnestness inquired 


for the ofRcc of Dr. Bcckwith, ^vho was dealing out certificates 
of exemption from military duty to the mob of co^vards that 
day and night besieged his doors. 

On the 10th of Septeml)er the regiment marched to tlic 
vilhigc to receive an elegant stand of colors from Mrs. Williani 
Curtis Koyes. and to listen to a presentation address l)y her 
husband, then in the zenith of his power and fame. On the 
11th, tlie regiment was mustered, by Lieutenant "Watson "Webb, 
into the service of tlie United States '' for three years or during 
the war;" and on the loth, having formed in line, and given 
three parting cheer.s for Camp Button, the long and firmly 
treading battalion, consisting of eight hundred and eiglity-nine 
officers and men, moved to Litclifield Station, where a train of 
twenty-three cars stood ready to take them to New York. The 
journey was a continuous ovation. The deejj interest every- 
v/here felt in the Mountain County Regiment was attested by 
crowds of people at the stations and all along the railway, and 
by wliitc handkerchiefs and white hands that waved us a tare- 
well and a blessing from window and verandah and hilltop. 
The good people of Bridgeport and Stamford entered evei-y 
car without ceremony and fortified the soldiers with melons 
and cakes and .sandwiches, and Avith the last cup of real, civil- 
ized, cultivated. Connecticut coffee that they were to taste for 
months and years. The next day found us in Philadelphia, 
that noljlcst city of America, where we were treated like royal 
guests, as hundreds of other regiments had 1)^11. 1)y the bene- 
ficence of her private citizens. At night we 5<-lept on the fioor 
of the immense railway station at Baltimore, and the next 
night in the barracks at Washington, where the government 
insulted us with r ,iTee that was viler than anything else in tlie 
v.'orldy except Lhe unwashed cups that held it. On the ISth 



W'Q moved to Alexiwulna in transports, and bivouacked after 
dark just north of the city. The line ^vhceleel into '• cohunn 
by conipai\y," find ])eing informed that that would be their 
test for the night, tlie tired men spread tlieir l^lankets on tlie 
ground, and '.vitli their I.>lue overcoats for a covering, and their 
knripsacks for pillows, were soon deeply and earnestly sleeping 
their first sleep on the " sacred soil," all unconscious of the rain 
that washed their upturned faces* 




O. Blindce-s to the Future ! kindly given 

That eacii may fill the circle marke-i ^J■ Heareti. 


'• VThat are they going to do with us ?"• was tlie question in 
t-very man's mind the next morning, as soon as he was suffi- 
O-tientlv awake to take his reckoning. "Would an hour later 
find us en route for Harper's Ferry, to join McClellan's army, 
and take the place of those who had fallen at Antietam only 
fortj'-eight hours before. — or on board a transport, l^ound for 
Charleston, or the Gulf? xSo1x)dy knew. Out came pencils 
and rumpled paper from hundreds of knapsacks, and behold, 
a Ijivouac of reporters, all Ijriskly engaged in informing friends 
at home that we had «cot so far. but there was no telling where 
v>e might be to-morrow. But the or<;ler which was to deci'.le 
our fortunes for at least eighteen months had already )>een 
is.sued ; and before night the regiment moved to a pleasant 
slope about a mile west of Alexandria, which had Ijeen selected 
for a permanent camp : and it wa.s announced that we were 
attached to the command of Generrd .John P. Slough,* Military 
C^veruor of Alexandria, and that our tirst actual n:iilitary 
service was to consist in doing patrol and picket duty in that 

*Pranouueed like ''pl-jw." 


city. On tlie folloAving day we received our Cist liard bread^ 
and onr arms and A tents ; — and the Nineteenth Connecticut 
thenceforth had a local habitation, as Avell as a name. 

Yes, a name. Alexandria, under martial law ever since the 
breaking out of the war, suffered unspeakable things from 
tiie troops.on duty in her streets, or quartered in her envir'nis, 
and tlie Alexandrians had come to regard a soldier as a scoun- 
drel, always and everyv/here. But tlie Nineteenth Connecticut 
had not been a week in Virginia before the self-respecting 
o-ood behavior of its men l^ecame the general theme, and the 
authorities Avere petitioned by the citizens — nearly all of whom 
were rebels — not to remove that regiment from Alexandria. 

The arms were Enfield muskets. In ])roces3 of time the men 
became acquainted with the n<imenclature and functions of 
every part of the weapon, from bayonet to Initt-plate, although 
at thst it seemed wonderful ho^v so awkward and inconvenient 
a tool could ever have been constructed, Emery paper and 
crocus cloth were soon brought to bear upon the bronzed 
barrels, and by the middle of October there were a good many 
men — the foremost of whom was Pendleton, of Company C, — 
who could use their ^'lockplate" or '"upper band"' for a 
iookinir- class. The A tents Avere of linen, woven about as 
compactly as a sieve, and were intended for j list five men, and 
no more ; and woe to the squad that contained a fat man, or 
one over six feet long — tor somebody, or at least some part of 
somebody, must sleep out of doors. " Spoon-fashion " was the 
only possible iashion ; no man could make a personal revolu- 
tion on his own axis without compelling a similar movement 
on the part of each of his tent-mates, and a world ot complaini 
besides. Most of the days of that autunm were warm, and 
even hot ; but the chill of night would penetrate the bones oi 

co^'^:ECTIc^T voLrNTEEiis. 19 

the soldieis, and cause them to turn over and over from mid- 
night until dawn, when each Company, without waiting lor 
Heveille, would rally in a huddle on the long sheet-iron cook 
stove at the foot of the street, and endeavor to burn the jjain 
out of their marrows, while toasting their bread. 

On the ^C'd of September a detail of five officers and seventy 
men relievtx^l the patrol ol the Thirty-third Massachusetts in 
Alexandria, and the same was daily furnished during the 
remainder of 1802. It was the duty of the patrol to move 
about the city in small squads, or stand guard at theatres and 
certain other places, and an est all soldiers who could not 
produce passes, or who were in mischief, and bring them to 
the Provost Marshal's office, whence thev were usuallv escorted 
to the " Slave Pen "" in Duke Street. — a horrible den, with the 
following sign in large letters over the door : "Price & Bctech, 
Dealers in Slaves,"' It had a large room or yard, about fifty 
feet square, with vnndowless brick walls fifteen or twenty feet 
high, a door of iron bars, and no fioor except the earth. It 
had been one of the chief institutions of Alexandria, and any 
urchin could direct a stranger to the " Slave Pen " as readily 
as a New York boy can point cut the City Hall. This was 
the place where, only two years before, black men, women, 
and children had been herded together by their masters while 
awaiting a sale. It had been a very safe place for a Virginian 
to keep his happy and contented property over night, and it 
was now equally safe for stragglers, deserters, bounty-jumpers, 
and drunken soldiers, who could sleep as securely there as 
lambs in a fold, without the least fear that wricked men would 
break in and hurt them. It must not be supposed, however, 
that all who found it necessary to lodge there were hard cases. 
By no means. Indeed it was no uncommon thing even for 


Captains of tlie Nineteentli to be obliged to go and extract 
some of tbeir men from tlie Slave Pen, who bad found tbeir 
"way tbere in some iinacconntable manner. 

Besides the patrol, tbe regiment was required to furnisb a 
large detail for picket in tbe siibnrlxs, and to perform a full 
list of exbausting drills and severe camp duties. If Lieutenant 
Colonel Kellogg bad certainly knoAV]i tbat we were to remain 
for a year and a balf within sight of Alexandria, be would 
have been at tbat time less exacting ;— but be realized tlie 
constant lialnUty of being ordered at any moment to tbe 
extreme front, and into action ; and be deemed it bis most 
imperative duty to fit bis command for such a contingency. 
Consequently tbe men were made to feel bis unremitting and 
inexorable pressure, from Reveille until Tattoo, and even all 
night. Guard Mounting, Company Drill, Battalion Drill, 
Dress Parade, Inspection, burying dead borses tbat orna- 
mented tbe landscape far and wide, and Policing acres of 
Q-round. were some of tbe entertainments to wbicli tbe soldier 
was invited as soon as relieved from picket or patrol : and if 
lie neglected to bear the drummer's call, tbe ofUcer of tbe day 
would be very likely to extend him a very pressing mvitation 
to participate in tbe evolutions of an "Eleventh Company." 
Tbe writer of this history once served in the "Eleventh Com- 
pany," under Captain Ells, and has a lively recollection of tbe 
peculiar tactics employed in tbe organization and digcii:)line 
of that interesting body of troops. Captain Ells, with a sasb 
over his sboulder, looked into one of the tents of Company A, 
v/bere sat tbe writer, burnishing bis musket for Guard Mount- 
ing on the morrow, in the bope oi iK'ing selected by Adjutant 
Dcming as one of the orderlies for the day. The following 
conversation ensued : 


Ccrptaui ElU. Have you been excused from battalion diill? 

Alls. Yes. sir. 

Capt. By uhoin ? 

J./j«. First Sergeant Kilbourn, sir. 

Capt. Report at my quarters with your musket immediately. 

The order was obeyed with greater cheerfulness than if 
Captain Ells' purpose had been suspected. Some twenty cr 
thirty innocent and wonderinof soldiers congregated in front 
of the tent of Captain Ells, — who, instead of asking them to 
take a drink, actually ordered them to '• fall in,"' and then 
marched them down to the parade ground, where Colonel 
Keiloijg was drilling the battalion. 

Col. KeUofjg. Is this the Eleventh Company, Captain Ells ? 

Capt. Ells. Yes, sir. 

Col. KeUorjg. Skulkers I Dodgers I Take 'em down there 
and give "em h — l I 

The prescription Avas administered. Captain Ells, having 
stationed himself in the center of an imaginary rectangle, 
caused his company to describe the said rectangle, by march- 
ini;, filins: left, then marchinu-. then filiutr iett, then march, 
then file left, then march, then tile left again ; then Double 
Quick,— March \ File left.— March ! Right about,— March ! 
Close up there, you man ! Right about, — March ! File right, 
— March ! Keep hold of the shank of your Ijayonet, sir 1 File 
right,— March \ Right about,— March I File left,— March ! 

Company-y-y-y-y-y Halt I Front ! Right, Dress ! 

Front I OY'hr-r-/' Arms I Place, Rest 1 (and then, almc.-t 
before the butts of the muskets had touched the ground,) 
Tenshurij Com-pany I ihr-r-r, Arms I Right Face I Double 
Quick, — March ! — and so on for two hours. The marching by 
the left fiank was not so hard, because the corporal on the 

left understood Iiom' to double-quick on a kind of moderate 
dog-trot ; but Sergeant (afterward Lieutenant) McCabe, who 
was on the right, in white canvas shoes, seemed to think it 
necessary to go on a full rim ; and by the time the drill Was 
over, the Eleventh Company looked and felt as thoitgh they 
had been through a forced march of thirty miles. 

From the soft beds and regular habits of Connecticat homes 
to th;^ hard ground, severe duties, irregular sleep, bad food 
and worse water of a Virginia camp, was a change that could 
hot be made without loss of health and life. Measles and 
Mumps began to prevail ; Rheumatism made the men lame^ 
"Chronic Diarrhoea weakened ^hens, Typhoid Fever fired theif 
blood, and Jaundice painted their skins and eyeballs yellovrcr 
than saftron. Two hospital tents were soon filled to overflow-- 
ing, and an African Church near by was appropri:^ted as a 
-Eegimental Hospital ; while the " Sick Call " brought to the 
Surgeon's quarters a daily increasing crowd, who desired 
medical treatment or an excuse from duty. The first death— = 
that of Daniel E. Lyman, of Company C,-— occurred on the 3d 
of November. Corporal Frederick B. Webster, of D Company ^ 
followed him on the 6th, and Arthur G. Kellogg, of C Com- 
pany, on the 10th ; and by New Year the numljer had increased 
to seventeen. Some of them were embalmed and sent home, 
and some buried in the Soldiers' Cemetery in the southern 
edge of the city, with military honors; Which consisted of an 
escort of their comrades, w ith reversed arms, a roll of mufHed 
drums, the mournful " Pleyel's Hymn *' tremulously executed 
upon the fife, and a salute fired over the grave ; with some- 
times a prayer from the Chaplain, and sometimes without. 

Complaints of all kinds began to find their way to Connecti-- 
■<;ut. Nearly or quite every man in the regiment could handle 


fi pen and give an opinion ;— iltliougli j[)cns and opinions are 
thinir.s which (according to the Ilegular Army notion) private 
soldiers have no for. More frequent passes and less 
rigorous discipline and routiiu. would probably have increased 
the sickness rather than diminished it ; still, it is not strange 
that some of the hundreds of letters which left camp daily 
should have made trouble at home. Charges of harsli treat- 
ment and neglect of the sick appeared in the newspapers ; 
wdiereupon Colonel Wessells wrote* to Governor Buckingham, 
requesting him to send a committee to inspect the condition 
of the regiment. Six days thereafter Dr. S. T. Salisbury, of 
Plymouth, arrived f at regimental headquarters, with creden- 
tials from the Governor. Colonel Kellogg requested him to 
scrutinize closely. " There are our jurors," said he, pointing 
to the men. "Enter their quarters and question them. We 
will abide by their decision," Dr. Salisbury upon Ins return 
to Connecticut made a report which exonerated tlic officers 
from blame. He said that no New England village could 
surpass the camp in ne:itness, and that everything possible 
was being done for the weli'are of the men. He found the 
wives of Lieutenant Colonel Kellogg and ]Major Smith devo- 
tedly assisting in the care ot i\\^ sick; and General Slough 
informed him that the Nineteenth Connecticut was the best 
conducted regiment in all that region. 

Colonel Wessells, having been taken ill soon after reaching 
Alexandria, was confined at King Street Hosi)ital during the 
greater part of the fall, and went home about New Year, on a 
two months' leave of absence; so that Lieutenant Colonel 
Kellogg had almost uninterrupted command from the time 
the regiment left Connecticut until the tollowing April. 

*Novcin!jer 10, 180:3. tNovember 10, 186:3. 


Thus tlie antiimn of 18(>2 pr.sscd away, Avitli its varied 
experiences of tilings pleasant and inipleasant. Among the 
latter were a furious snov; storm,"'' a manufactured nigiit scare f 
and march out on the pike, an occtisional ])un]tive double-quick 
drill in the mud, an arrest of eighteen of the Mount Riga boys 
(of B Company) for stealing a whole beef, a mysterious upset- 
tiuT of a sutler's shanty, and an unrelisLai)le oidcr rerpiiring 
the men to wear leathern ''dog-collars."' A portion of tlie 
picket detail was relieved by the One Hundred and Fifty-third 
ISTew York on the od of November, and the condition of the 
of the rea-imont was o-iaduallv improved in various Avay.s. 
The A tents gave place to Siljieys.i which the men soon found 
means to iioor with boards; dress coats Avere issued, § frequent 
boxes of good things were received from liome, (the eataldes 
being sometimes dainaged by the long Journey,) and the sick 
■were sent to hospitals in Alexandria. Company A was sent 
into the city and quai tcred at the foot of Duke Street, on the 
loth of Novcmljer, to guard government stores, vrhere it 
remained until abou.t New Year, when Uie regiment v.'a.s 
transferred to General IJofjert O.Tylers command, which now 
consisted of the Nineteenth Connecticut, First Connecticut 
Artillery, Fourteenth ]Massachuset.ts, and a New York regi- 
ment, and was entitled the '• ^Alilitary Defences of Alexandria/' 

*Nov. 7, lbG:i. tDcc. 2y. tNov. y. ^Uct. 25. 




Above low scarp, and turf-grown wall. 
They waxohed the fort fl:i? rice and fall. 

Tent os the Beach. 

As fell the walls of ancient Jericho at the blast of the ram's 
liorn, leaving the inhal)itants thereof defenceless before their 
enemies, so did the third tap of Hicks Seaman's drum bring 
down* the sixty stately Sibleys of the old camp ground in rear 
of Alexandria ; and troops of huge old rats, that had long 
burrowed and rioted in luxury under the tent floors, learned 
to their dismay that army life is subject to very unexpected 
changes, and that rats and soldiers can never tell when some 
merciless invader will say, " Down goes your house I'' (I trust 
I may not be blamed for using army phrases in this history, 
even thou^rh thev be deficient in dignitv. Out of the rough 
companionships of the camp, the travail of march, and the 
throes of battle, is born a dialect, perhaps not elegant, but so 
Ti{forous as to entitle it to respect and recognition at the hands 
of the historian who attempts to set forth the details of army 
life.) The regiment moved up the Leesburg Pike, passed 
Fairfax Seminary, and encamped among the stumps a few rods 
from the ahbattis of Fort "Worth. The liability of an imme- 

* January 12, 1)503. 


diate call to the front was now so for diminished that there 
was a very noticeable relaxation of military rigor. Dress 
Parade, Guard 3Iounting, and Camp Guard were for some 
days the only disciplinary duties required, and great was the 
enjoyment afforded by the respite. Stumps were to be cleared 
away, and ditching and draining done for a camp and parade 
ground ; and the change from constant duty under arms to 
chopping, grubbing, and digging fresh earth, was extremely 
jjrateful and beneficial. True, the month of January witnessed 
a greater mortality than any other of the entire twenty months 
passed in the " Defences ;" but it was the result of disease pre- 
viously contracted. The improved and improving condition 
of the regimental health is shown in the record of deaths lor 
1863, which is as follows : 

January, ----- IG July, 0* 

February, 5 August, 1 

March, ------ 3 September, - - - - 3 

April, 5 October, 3 

May, 1 November, - - - - 3 

June, - 1 December, 2 

The Surgeons had gained skill from experience in anny 
practice — which is a very different thing from the jjractice of 
civil doctors ; and the men hud not only become more thor- 
oughly acclimated, but had learned how to take care of them- 
selves and minister to their own comfort by a thousand little 
arts and contrivances that are begotten of the ingenuity of 
soldiers, and the necessities of camp life. 

Fort Worth was a neat little earthwork, situated about a 

* July, 1863, was the ouly moutli of the entire three years in which 
no death occurred. 


quarter of a mile in rear of Fairfax Seminary, overlooking the 
broad valley of Hunting Creek, and the Orange and Alexandria 
Railway, and mounting some twenty-four guns of all kinds — 
Kodman, Parrott, Whitworth, 8-inch Howitzers, and iron and 
Coehorn mortars. Here began our artilJery service ; and for 
many months the Nineteenth, although an infantry regiment, 
performed garrison duty in this and half a dozen other forts 
and redoubts in the vicinit}'^, — thereby attaining a proficiency 
in artillery that eventually won the " red," and would doubt- 
less have been effective at the front if such service had ever 
been required of us. But it was not so to be. The only foes 
that ever drew the lire of guns manned by this regiment were 
harmless targets, planted on the hillside a couple of miles away. 
(Know, gentle " civil " reader, that when a soldier speaks of 
guns^ he means, not muskets or carbines, but those great pieces 
of ordnance that sink ships and batter down walls and towers.) 
It was pleasant to witness the prompt execution of such com- 
mands as " From Battery ! Load by Detail ! Load I In 

Battery ! Point I Fire .'" — and then to hear a 24-pounder shot 
" »i)an(/ " and sque-e-eal away over the intervening valley, and 
to see it announce its arrival by knocking a hole in the bull's 
eye, or by sti-iking the ground and throwing a considerable 
portion of some rebel gentleman's farm into the air ; and it was 
very delightful to see an 8-incli shell jump from its mortar into 
the sky, and spin along like some devilish iron planet, every 
moment lessening on the eye, until it seemed a mere buck-shot, 
yet most audibly whizzing and spitting its wrath when up in 
the very clouds, until at last, having described an immense 
semi-circle, it dug its own grave and buried itself several feet 
deep in the earth. ;Many excellent shots were made — but the 
painted enemy never returned the fire. 


It must not be supposed that the relaxation in disciplinary 
ri gor, of which I have spoken, was carried so far or continued 
so long as to engender habits of idleness. Oh no ! If we had 
escaped the toilsome night duty in Alexandria, it was only to 
find that Lieutenant Colonel Kellogg's genius was able to pro- 
vide other ways of keeping us in perpetual motion. Orders 
were soon issued requiring knapsacks to be worn at Dress 
Parade and Guard Mounting ; then overcoats had to be " neatly 
rolled and strapped upon the knapsacks ;" then came white 
gloves ; and next, brass shoulder-scales, which were declared 
to be the crowning " poppycockery " of a miserable despotism. 
Swearing increased. Every stump within a mile was chipped 
off for firewood at least three successive times, until the thing 
was literally run into the ground ; the wooden horse near the 
guard house sometimes carried double, quadruple, sextuple ; 
the neighboring l.iarrel was often surmounted by some gentle- 
man who was permitted from that elevated stand-point to 
contemplate the beauties of stringent discipline ; the stupidity 
of some right or left guide frequently punished the whole 
battalion with a " double-quick," — the memory of which will 
ever be painful ; the men came in from drill with eyes, noses, 
mouths, ears, teeth and hair full of dust, and their rations, as 
well as themselves, were gritty for a week thereafter ; the more 
improvident gambled all their money away, or ate it up in 
yillainous sutler's pies, so that they had nothing coming on 
pay chiy, — and many other things conspired with these to 
detract in some degTee from the felicity of camp life at Fort 
Worth. And yet there were many comforts and pleasures even 
there. An occasional rain or snow storm of twenty-four hours 
duration was anything but a calamity to the dwellers in those 
snug Sibley cones, for it brought relief from drill, a reduction 


of camp guard, undress parade, and plenty of time to write, 
sleep, or eat, according to the various tastes jor fancies of the 
soldiers. Three feet of snow outside was sure to cause unusual 
happiness within. Those who could sing organized themselves 
into choirs, and almost burst their lungs over Greenville, Coro- 
nation, Old Easter Anthem, and " I have set watchmen upon 
thy walls." Those who liked literature and poetry got up 
readings from Shakspeare. Others kept their bunks and slept 
— long and sweetly. Others blued their sights, or shellacked 
their stocks. Others wrote letters. Others growled. Others 
baked and ate pancakes — • 

" From morn till noon, from noon till dewy eve." 

And others, if we remember rightly, played cards. Thus, with 
the help of mirth and song and jest, an occasional pass or 
furlough, a snow -ball fight or a foot-ball chase, was the winter 
survived, ^yter the middle of March a large number of men 
were daily sent to load cars with wood, several miles out on 
the Orange and Alexandria Railway, and each man always 
brought home a stick on his shoulder, so that firewood waa no 
longer dug out of stumps. On the 13th of April orders were 
received from General Heintzelman, the commander of the 
Department of Washington, directing the Nineteenth Connec- 
ticut Volunteers to be provided ^^ith shelter tents and seven 
days' cooked rations, and to be held in readiness to march. 
The regimental pulse was instantly quickened. Troops were 
hourly passing, on their way to join Hooker's army, and the 
command to " fall in " and take the " route step " in the same 
direction was hourly expected. Superfluous property was 
disposed of, and bushels of letters despatched northward. 
Captain Bissell, quite as much excited as any of his men, gave 

30 THE KlNETEfiKtlt 

an enormous liam to a squad in Company A, witli much thfc 
same liberality wherewith a death-doomed voyager flings his 
gold and jewels about the cabin of a sltiking ship. But 
army life is full of various surprises. Troops sometimes unex- 
l)ectedly go, and sometimes unexpectedly stay. Not only that 
April, but the next April also, left us still in the Defences of 

It was impossible that these soldiers, who had so recently 
been citizens, and who propo8ed---if they lived through the 
war — to become citizens again, should not be intensely inter- 
ested in the political affairs of the country, and especially of 
their own State. Every intelligent man among them knew 
that the political and the military issues then before the 
country were one and inseparable ; and as the Connecticut 
State election* approached, the regiment seemed to resolve 
itself into political conventions and conferences, wherein the 
situation was earnestly discussed. The Democratic State Con- 
vention t had just passed resolutions in favor of an immediate 
abandonment of the war — declaring that the rebellion could 
not be put down by fighting — denouncing the Militia Bill that 
had recently been introduced in the United States Senate by 
Mr. Wilson as unconstitutional, and calling on the States to 
resist its execution. This action, so evidently intended to 
strengthen the rebels, aroused a most vehement indignation 
among both officers and men in the regiment, which soon 
found expression in the foUo'tving Appeal, Which was published 
in the " Litchfield Elnqifiter,"J atid extensively copied in other 
neVrspapers of the State : 

* The election of April, 1863. t At Middletown, Ct., Feb. 18. 

J March 13, 1863. 



'' We, the undersigned, members of the Nineteenth Regiment 
of Connecticut Vohmteers, have been called from our homes to 
fight for the preservation of the liberties of our country, and 
are thus cut off from all participation in political affairs. 
Nevertheless, we have as deep an interest in the welfare of our 
State as any of you who have remained at home. We have 
taken up arras for your protection, and in your stead ; and 
being deprived, by reason of absence, of the privilege of voting, 
we send you this appeal, as an expression of our sentiments in 
regard to the issues involved in the coming State election. 

" When the attack on Fort Sumter inaugurated the great 
Rebellion, the traitors of the North hid themselves in alarm 
from before the resistless torrent of patriotic enthusiasm that 
threatened to overwhelm them ; but they did not give over 
the hope of seeing the government destroyed, and ©f aiding in 
its overtlu-ow. They knew that the flood-tide of patriotism 
would ebb — that taxation and distress and bereavement would 
cause many to care more for present than enduring peace— 
that the hardships of a soldier's life would cause discontent in 
the army ; and they counted on these results, and on everything 
that is selfish and sordid in human nature, as helps to their 
infernal schemes. Whenever the cause of the counti-y has 
seemed bright, these men have been silent, and have worked 
against us in secret ; and when disaster has come upon our 
armies, they have crawled out of their holes, like snakes in 
sunshine, to bask their spotted skins, and exult over rebel 
successes ! Tliej'^ have only been biding their time, and nom 
they think their time has come. In Connecticut they have 
recently given expression to their purposes by the nomination 
of Thomas Hv Seymour for Governor, ajid in resolutions adopted 


Ity their recent State Convention, nhich are nothing less than aid 
and comfort to the enemy in front of us. 

" In a letter published in the " Hartford Times" in July last, 
Thomas H. Seymour made use of the following language : 

" ' I follow in no crusade for the subjugation and consequent 
humiliation and overtlirow of the Soutli, neither -will I contribute in 
anv ■way to the accomplishment of such bloodj' purposes. The mon- 
strous fallacy of the present day that the Union can be restored by 
destroying any part of the South, is one which will burst with the 
shells that are thrown into its defenceless cities.' 

" Men of Connecticut ! did you bid us go forth to face dan- 
trcr and death only that the State which we call our home 
might fall into the hands of such men as Thomas H. Seymour ? 
Did you encourage us by your bounties, your banners, your 
words and deeds, to l^ave home, friends, everything, to fight 
Southern rel)els, only that we might look back and see foes 
not less malignant, and not less dangerous, assailing us from 
behind ? We pray you not to crush our resolution, and palsy 
our arms, by electing for your Governor, and ours, a man who 
hopes for our defeat and humiliation ! 

FoET Worth, Va., 3Iarch 3, 1863. 

B. D. Lee, Quartermaster. B. H. Camp, Sergeant Major. 


Lieut. A. B. Shumway, Corp. C. W. Hinsdale, 

1st Sergt. D. C. Kilbourn, Russell Curtiss, 

Sergt. Joseph P. Parks, Samuel Gunn, 

Sergt. G. B. Hempstead, Leonard 0. Bradley, 

Sergt. C. B. Hatch, Willard J. Watrous, 

Corp. George W. Mason, William S. Smith, 

Corp. Henry T. Cable, Joseph D. Bradley, 

Corp. Henry Scoviile, Apollos C. Morse, 


Theodore F. Vaill, 
John S. Bishop, 
Albert A. Jones, 
George W. Potter, 
Leonard C. Bissell, 
George D. Stone, 
Lewis Bissell, 
Myron E. Kilbourn, 
Jackson Tompkins, 
Charles Merriman, 
William H. Hull, 
Henry G. Gibbs, 
Silas M. Griswold, 
Hiram Bradley, 

Edwin F. Perkins, 
Edward S. Hempstead, 
Robert W. Coe, 
Frederick T. Fenton, 
Howard W. Baldwin, 
Henry H. Catlin, 
Norman B, Barber, 
Thomas AV, Beach, 
Julius Winship, 
Charles Adams, Jr., 
George N. Hannahs, 
E. Goodwin Osborne, 
Nelbert P. Newberry, 
Franklin M. Bunnell. 


Sergt. James Parks, Henry Burgess, 

Jacob F. Rapp, C. B. Benedict, 

Carl Volusen, Henry Voelker. 
James Gibbons, 


Capt- James Q. Rice, George D>. Bentley, 

Lieut. William F. Spencer, 
Lieut. William H. Sanford, 
1st Sergt. W. McK. Rice, 
Sergt. J. P. McCabe, . 

Sergt. M. Henry Huxley, 

George R. Hyde, 

John R. Blakeslee, 

Orson M. Miner, 

O. R. Fyler, 

Uri M. Wadhams, 

W. E. McKee, 

Fred Barl^er, 

V. R. Bissell, 

Fred A. Lucas, 

Edward M. Dunbar, 
George C. Stewart, 
David C. Munson, 
Harrison Whitney, 
Milo F. Barber, 
Alonzo Smith, 
George W. Newcomb, 
William H. Beach, 
Homer W. Griswold, 
Avery F. Miner, 
James M. Benton, 
Ed. C. Huxley, 
C. F. North, 
William W. Hydcv. 



H. S. Eldridge, 
Cyrus Bartholomew, 
George W. Cleaveland, 
Erastus Cleavelaoct, 
Philo Cleaveland, 
C. J. Soudant, 
A. B. Cleaveland, 
E. M. Balcom, 

"William L. Adams, 
Royal Stone, 
Henry L. Vaill, 
W. N. Wadhams, 
Henry H. Ives, 
Avery M, Allyn, 
James Moran. 


Capt. William B. Ells, 
Lieut. W. H. Lewis, Jr., 
Lieut. Robert A. Potter, 
Sergt. Edgar B. Lewis, 
Sergt. Horace Hubbard, 
Corp. Emory B. Taylor, 
Corp. D. B. Wooster, 
Corp. Salmon B. Smith, 
Corp. Samuel Brown, 
Corp. James McCormick, 
John Murphy, 
William H. Whitelaw, 
Philo Fenn, 
N. W. Barnes, 
C. I. Hough, 
Charles Bryan, 
Hiram Mattoon, 
Henry N. Bushnell, 
A. P. Clark, 
Justin O. Stoughton, 
Albeit J. Hotchkiss^ 
George T. Cook, 
Swift McG. Hunter, 
George H. Bates, 
Charles E. Guernsey, 

Charles Warner, 
William C. Atwood, 
John S. Atwood, 
Edward C. Hopson, 
James A. Beach, 
Harvey Bronson, 
Franklin W. Hubbard, 

B. S. Brown, 
Hiram T. Coley, 
Edgar J. Castle, 
Lewis Munger, 
Benjamin Filley, 
Martin H. Camp, 
James Straun, 
David Davenport, 
Charles W. Talcott, 
George Beach, 

Ira H. Stoughton, 
William Liudley, 

C. R Warner, 
William Weston, 
William Wright, 
David A. Bradley, 
Simon O'Donnell. 




Lieut. C. D. Cleveland, 
Ist Sergt. H. D. Gay lord, 
Sergt. O. J. Smith, 
Sergt. H. Skinner, 
Sergt. George White, 
Sergt. S. A. Granger, 
Corp. Mason Adkins, 
Corp. Ruel H. Perkins, 
Corp. David Miller, 
Corp. C> A. Reynolds, 
Jerome Preston, 
William H. Hubbard, 
Lucius S. Skinner, 
Frederick M. Cooke, 
William H. Seymour, 
James A. Greene, 
Stephen W. Sage, 
William S. Cooper, 
Adam Feathers, 
R. B. Thayer, 
George A. Tatro, 
C. M. Burr, 
E. R. Canfield, 
Lewis Downs, 

Edward F. Carrington, 
Warren M. Wood, 
Hubbard E. Tuttlc, 
James Baldwin, 
Henry Pine, 
Edward Beach, 
Henry Rexford, 
Darwin S. Starks, 
Theodore Robbins, 
Edwin Downs, 
Manwaring Green,- 
Walter Martin, 
Sherman H. Cowles, 
Frederick F. Daniels, 
Wallace W. Woodruff, 
Adam J. Dilly, 
Julius Woodford, 
Herman L. Moore, 
Sherman Apley, 
Timothy A. Hart, 
Joseph Pettitt, 
Henry C. Kent, 
Elizur 3Ialtby, 
Wells Tuttle. 


Capt. E. W. Jones, 
Lieut. O. P. Loomis, 
Lieut. James Deane, 
1st Sergt. W. Alford, 
Sergt. Samuel E. Gibbs, 
Sergt. Alfred E. Alford, 
Sergt. William L. Twiss, 
Sergt. Carlton Seymour, 
Corp. Thomas B. Spencer, 
Corp. Ruel'B. Rice, 

Corp. William G. Hendersoii, 

Corp. E. D. Lawrence, 

Orville D. Tiffany, 

Jesse Turner, 

Harvey Tudvef, 

William H. Colt, 

Henry C. Merrill, 

George W. Warren', 

George Munson, 

Alien B. St. Joha< 



George L. Faircliild, 
Ephraim Tucker, 
Setii F. Haskin, 
Joseph Neal, 
William G. Gaidner, 
J. L. Merrill, 
Ira D. Jones, 
Horace Calkins, 
J. N. Tyler, 
Edwin R. Mitchell, 
John W. Shaw, 
Charles H. Mitchell, 
Albert F. Bradley, 
George Simons, 
Elisha L. Bancroft, 


Capt. Edward F. Gold, 
Lieut. J. M. Gregory, 
Ist Sergt. Michael Kelly, 
Sergt. Gad N. Smith, 
Sergt. Henry S. Deane, 
Sergt. Silas A. Palmer, 
Corp. William S. Shepard, 
Corp. Henry P. Milford, 
Corp. Joseph B. Payne, 
Corp. Charles P. Traver, 
Corp. Charles Ingersoll, 
Henry Peck, 
William H. Ingraham, 
William Clinton, 
Elmore E. Waldron, 
Charles Ring, 
F. D. Holmes, 
Wesley L. Holmes, 
Edmund E. Hoffman, 
John O. Doherty, 

John C. Weeks, 
John H. Batterman, 
A. G. Henderson, 
H. J. Benham, 
Edward H. Roys, 
Philander Emmons, 
Horatio G. Eggleston, 
Daniel Ryan, 
William Burke, 
George N. Andrus, 
Homer D. St. John, 
Patrick Ryan, 
John Carroll, 
Joseph McManus, 
C. A. Baker. 

^VNY G. 

George W. Brague, 
Thomas Sherman, 
Nelson Clark, 
Josiah B. Corban, 
George V. Capron, 
James B. Capron, 
David Kimball, 
Charles R. Swift, 
Frederick V. Shepard, 
George L. Jones, 
Miles E. Dean, 
Matthew P. Bell, Jr., 
Alfred L. Benedict, 
George W. Studley, 
William Young, 
G. D. Palmer, 
Frederick Butler, . 
Patrick Troy, 
Lewis Saw^yer, 
Ralph Miner, 



Elisha Soule, 
George W. Page, 
James H. Van Buren, 
Charles J. Keed, 
Benjamin F. Bierce, 


Capt. George S. Williams, 
Lieut. E. W. Marsh, 
Lieut. F. M. Berry, 
1st Sergt. D. E. Marsh, 
Sergt. R. C. Loveridge, 
Sergt. Charles F. yinderson, 
Sergt. Homer S. Curtiss, 
Sergt. Henry C. Noble, 
Coij). Benjamm F. Dunham, 
Corp. Ed. F. Lyon, 
Corp. David E. Soule, 
Corp. Lewis W. Mosher, 
Corp. Henry R. Hoyt, 
Corp. Horace E. Jones, 
Corj). I. C. Buckingham, 
Corp. Minor E. Strong, 
Sheldon Fox, 
Andrew E. Bailey, 
William E. Disbrow, 
Franklin Nichols, 
Joseph S. Knowles, 
John F. Williams, 
Reuben H. Sherwood, 
Charles A. Way, 
Henry C. Straight, 
Oliver B. Evitts, 
Hobert H. Reed, 
Alfred Cable, 
George H. Potter, 
Daniel T. Somers, 

Henry Shadt, 
John Chase, 
Charles Smith, 
Rufus S. Frink, 


Seth N. Taylor, 
Gustavus H. Black, 
Frank J. Warner, 
Russell B. Camp, 
Sheldon Clark, 
Horatio S. Hoyt, 
George D. Potter, 
Henry S. Gridley, 
Orlo H. Buckingham, 
Homer S. Sackett, 
Austin R. Humphrey, 
John Harrington, 
Ira S. Bradley, 
Burr Williams, 
Henry A. Burton, 
Frederick J. Logan, 
Anson B. Nichols, 
William H. Thompson, 
George Chamberlain, 
Uriah F. Snedeker, 
Alanson Peet, 
Lewis S. Young, 
Stephen Snedeker, 
Elroy S. Jennings, 
Daniel G. Marshall, 
Charles W. Jackson, 
Jerome Johnson, 
Hiram Cable, 
Francis L. French, 
William E. Canfield, 



George S. Erwin, 
Horace N. Sanford, 
Oyrus Howland, 
Henry Fry, 
Lewis St. John, 

Edgar W. Calhoun, 
Alfred N. "Whittlesy, 
Edward E. Thompson, 
Loren Peet. 


Lieut. W. W. Birge, 
Lieut. Walter Burnham, 
1st Sergt. J. 31. Bradley, 
Sergt. W. J. Orton, 
Sergt. M. D. Smith, 
Sergt. George Bradley, 
Corp. Benjamin Wellman, 
Corp. Charles Bottsford, 
H. S. McKinney, 
Charles T. Squire, 
Bela Potter, 
C. H. Fogg, 
F. F. Kane, 

F. C. Hard, 
J. J. Rogers, 
George Judson, 
Ira Thomas, 

C. Deforest, 
I. Briggs, 

G. Deforest, 

D. Northrop, 
F. M. Miner, 
D. Taylor, 

S. Hayes, 
H. Northroj), 
C. Seeley. 


Capt. Edward O. Peck, 
Lieut. Aug. H. Fenn, 
Lieut. James N. Coe, 
Sergt. Oscar Piatt, 

Corp. Sidney A. Law, 
Corp. Thomas P. Tompkins, 
James W. Johnson. 

This Appeal was drawn up and circulated by the private 
soldiers, and not by the officers. Many more, who never saw 
it until it appeared in print, would have affixed their names 
but for the haste with which it was forwarded to Connecticut. 
Its appearance caused great alarm among those who desired 
the overthrow of the Union army ; one of whom — George C. 
Hitchcock, of New Preston — sent to the regiment the following 
document, in the hope of obtaining signatures : 


•' We, the undersig:ncd, hereby certify that we Tiev^r si^ed, or 
authorized our names to he signed to the Petition from the Nine- 
teenth Connecticut Volunteers, printed in tlu3 "Litchheld Enquirer" 
of March 12, 1863." 

Thii? paper received no signatures. Another disloyal citizen 
— one Carrington, of Coleteook — also prei3nred the following 
letter, and sent it to Private George Simons, of Company F, 
expecting to have it signed and returned for j)ublication : 

" To A. E. BuRn, Editor Hartford Times— Dear Sir : Permit 
me to state that there has been a paper circulated through the Nine- 
teenth Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers, for the purpose of defeating 
Thomas H. Seymour as candidate for Governor of Connecticut. 
Through false representations I Avas induced to sign said paper. I 
regret what I have done, and now say were I in my native town I 
should most cheerfully vote for Sej-mour, believing the interests of 
the soldiers and the country will be advanced by his election. I am 
convinced that I speak the sentiments of many of my fellow soldiers 
in arms who have been duped to sign the paper. 

Signed, " 

Instead of .signing this letter, Simons declared that he would 
like to shoot the man who sent it to him. Indeed, no one who 
could have heard the shouts of joy that rang tlirough the camp 
at the announcement of the re-election of Governor Bucking- 
ham, would ever have hoped to induce the Nineteenth Con- 
necticut to fight on the side of the rebellion. 

On or about the 28th of March, Colonel Aiken, of Connecti- 
cut, visited camp, and spent an hour or more with Colonel 
Wessells and >lajor Smith, at the quarters of the latter. 
Shortly afterward, it ]3ecame known that leaves of absence 
were to Ix? granted to ten officers, and furloughs to ninety 
men, for nin-e dnys, — or until after the Connecticut election ; 
and each Company commander was requested to select ten 


from his Company tot this pmpose, and to furnish a list of 
their names, to be forwarded to Washington, and eml^odied in 
an order^ Some of the Captains were war democrats, some 
republicans, and some of no politics,— Ijut all of them professed 
to select those for furloughs who had the be;&t reasons for going- 
home, without regard to politics. The order shortly came, and 
the ten officers and ninety men left* for Connecticut. 

Li-eutenant Colonel Kellogg was greatly incensed at these pro* 
ccedings. Being almost constantly in command, he felt that 
he ought to have been consulted in regard to these furloughs, 
instead of being entirelj^ ignored. He accused Colonel Wes- 
sells and Major Smith of having ofl'ered him an intentional 
insult in thus conferring with the line officers; and after 
having assailed the Major. with abusive language, (and, it was 
said, with personal violence also,) mounted his horse and left 
for Connecticut.f At Fort Richardson he had an interview 
with Lieutenant Colonel White, of the First Connecticut 
Artillery, who counseled him not to leave, and assured him 
■tliat Major Smith was not to ]>lame, but had been wronged by 

*April2, 1863. t April 2, 1863. 

The manner in which the sch^ction was made in Company A, (in 
which the writer was then a private,) was as follows : Captaiji Bissell 
tlh-ected Lieutenant Wadhams to pick out the men. Accordiugly the 
Company was formed on the street, and Lieutenant Wadhams said, 
''Tliere is an opportunity for luuo of you to go liouie on a uine days' 
furlough. Of course a good many of you will have to be disap- 
pointed. You who would like to go, step two paces to the front." 
About half the Company stepped forward; the rest were dismissed. 
" Now," continued he, "let each mau give his reasons for desiring a 
furlough, and then I will make as fair a choice as I can." The men 
chosen were Barker, Bishop, George Bradley, Cable, Nettletou, Pot- 
ter, Theodore Sanford, Scoville, Spencer, and Lieutenant Shumway. 

Among those sent homo by Captain Skinner, of Company E, were 
democrats, republicans, and some who were not old enough to vote. 


liim. Kellogg then requested White to write Smith a letter of 
apology for him, %vhich was done ; but he refused to return to 
the regiment, and proceeded to Ms home in Birmingham, 
Connecticut, from Avliich place his wife, at his request, sent a 
second apologetic letter to the Major. On the 29th of April 
United States Marshal Carr, acting under orders from the War 
Department, arrested him at Birmingham and ordered him to 
report to General Heintzelman. who ordered him to report, 
under arrest, to the Commanding Officer of his regiment. The 
air was rent with huzzas and darkened with caps when he 
rode into camp* at Fort Worth ; and a few days later a portion 
of the regiment, while on the way from Fort Worth to Fort 
Lyon, saluted him with cheers, a roll of drums, and a dipping 
of colors,— for permitting which. Lieutenant James N. Coe, 
who was in command of the detachment, was ordered under 
arrest and charges preferred. + Charges against Kellogg were 
forwarded: ^^Y Colonel Wessells to De Russy's headquarters at 
Arlington ; but on the same day Kellogg was released without 
trial by a Special Order from the War Department, and reported 
to the regiment for duty. Colonel Wessells, being in command 
of the "Second Brigade,"' assigned him to the command of the 
Regiment,— which he thenceforth kept, with hardly a day's 
intermission, until the day of his death. * 

On the 12th of May the Regiment was for the first time 
broken up into separate ganisons. Companies B, F and G 
went to Fort Ellsworth, Company A to Redoubt A, Company 
D to Redoubt B, Companies C and K to Redoubt C, and Com- 
panies E, H and I to Redoubt D ; and this arrangement con- 
tinued during the summer. These Redoubts were small works 

* May 1. i These charges were returned disapproved, and Lieu- 
tcuau: Coc released. t May 38. 



in the vicinity of Fort Lyon, on the Mount Vernon road, and 
commanding the land and water approaches to Alexandria on 
the South. About this time General Tyler was relieved in 
command by General De Russy, and all the fortifications from 
Alexandria to Georgetown received the name of the "Defences 
of Washington South of the Potomac," — and the troops 
stationed therein constituted the Twenty-second Army Corps. 
During the entire season the Nineteenth was called upon for 
nothing more laborious than drilling, target practice, stockade 
building in Alexandria, picking blackberries, drinking a quar- 
ter of a gill of whiskey and quinine at Reveille and Retreat, 
and drawing pay from Major Ladd every two months. Yet a 
good many seemed to be in all sorts of affliction, and were 
constantly complaining because they could not go to the front. 
A year later, when the soldiers of the Nineteenth were stagger- 
ing along the Pamunkey, with heavy loads and blistered feet, 
or throwing up l)reastworks with their coffee pots all night 
under fire in front of Petersburg, they looked back to the 
Defences of Washington as to a lost Elysium, and fervently 
longed to regain those blissful seats. Oh Happiness ! why is 
it that men never recognize thy features until thou art tar away ? 
Colonel Wessells resigned, on account of ill health, on the 
16th of September. In October the regiment was withdrawn 
from the reboubts, and brigaded with the First Connecticut 
Heavy Artillery, under the command of Colonel Henry L. 
Alibott. The regimental headquarters were established at 
'' Oak Grove House," and the companies distributed at three 
forts, — Ellsworth, Williams, and Worth, — where they remained 
until the following May. 




Far flashed the red Artillery. 


Everv true soldier believes in his own re^ment. He holds 
liimself in perpetual readiness to demonstrate that no other 
battalion, Tjrigade, division, or corps ever passed in review so 
handsomely, marched so far, fought so bravely, or suffered so 
much, as his own. It would not be strange, therefore, if the 
jjraise which the author of this history bestows upon the 
regiment with which he was connected from the first day of 
its existence until the last, should be attributed to j^artiality. 
But Secretary Stanton did not belong to the Nineteenth Con- 
necticut, and it will hardly be maintained that the Department 
of War could have had any other partiality for this j^articular 
regiment than was due to its excellent discipline, fine appear- 
ance, and good reputation. About the middle of November 
General Barry, Chief of Artillery of the Department of Wash- 
ington, re\dewed Colonel Abbott's brigade, and made a particu- 
larly careful inspection of the Nineteenth Connecticut ; and 
from what occurred a day or two thereafter, it was inferred 
that he bore to Washington a good report of Colonel Kellogg 
and his command ; for, on the 23d of November the War 
Department issued an order changing the Nineteenth Connec- 


ticut Infontry to a regiment of Heavy Artillery,* and 
directing it to be filled up to the maximum artillery standard. 
This was joyful news. It did not take long, (for every man 
was his own tailor,) to exchange the faded blue straps and 
chevrons for bright red ; and that soldier could not be accvised 
of overmuch amljition who did not see some chance for promo- 
tion among the two majors, two companies, two captains, 
twenty-eight lieutenants, forty-six sergeants, and sixty-four 
corj^orals, that would be required in addition to those already 
on hand. Lieutenants Edward W. Marsh and Oren H. Knight 
were already in Connecticut on recruiting service, and on the 
30th of November Lieutenant Benjamin F. Hosford, with a 
party of ten enlisted men, left for home on the same duty. A 
draft was then pending, and enormous bounties were ofi'ered 
for volunteers ; and these officers and men entered upon their 
duties with a vigor, and achieved a success, which, it may 
safely be said, had no parallel in the history of recruiting 
during the entire war. The first installment — sixty-eight men 
— arrived on the last day of the year ; on New Year's day, 
(1864,) forty-four more ; fifty on the Cth of January ; another 
lot on the 9tli ; one hundred and fifteen on the 10th ; more on 
the 17th ; and so on, until the 1st of March, by which time the 
regiment had received over eleven hundred recruits, and now 
contained eighteen hundred men. The new comers were 
divided equally among the several companies, and the full 
complement of officers and non-commissioned officers forthwitli 
ordered. It was astonishing to see with what celerity a pro- 
moted sergeant would shed his enlisted man's coat and appear 
in all the pomp and consequence of shoulder straps and 

* The name of the '* Second Connecticut Artillery " was given by 
Governor Buckingham. 


teiTible scimetar ; and it was for some time a question of 
serious discussion among the older officers whether the fort 
gates woukl not have to be enhirged in order to facilitate the 
ingress and egress of the new lieutenants, who drew such an 
alarming quantity of wat€r. 

This vast body of recruits was made up of all sorts of men. 
A goodly portion of them were no less intelligent, patriotic, 
and honorable than the " old " Nineteenth, — and that is praise 
enough. Another portion of them were not exactly the worst 
kind of men, but ihose adventurous and uneasy varlets who 
always want to get out of jail when they are in, and in when 
they are out ; furloughed sailors, for example, who had enlisted 
just for fun, while ashore, with no definite f)urpose of remain- 
ing in the land service for any tedious length of time. And 
lastly, there were about three hundred of the most thorough- 
paced villains that the stews and slums of New York and 
Baltimore could furnish, — bounty jumpers, thieves, and cut- 
throats, who had deserted from regiment after regiment in 
which they had enlisted under fictitious names, and who now 
proposed to repeat the operation. And they did repeat it. 
Many disappeared on the way from Connecticut to the regi- 
ment, and many others arrived handcuff'ed, having failed in 
attempting to do likewise, — and were at once consigned to 
bomb-proofs in the forts, from wliich they repeatedly came 
near escaping by digging underground passages with their 
hands and jack knives. No less than two hundred and Jifty 
deserted before the middle of May, very few of whom were 
ever retaken and returned to the regiment. There were rebels 
in Alexandria who furnished deserters with citizens' clothes, 
and thus their capture became almost impossible. 

After the resignation of Colonel Wessells, the Colonelcy 


remained vacant for some time. It was supposed that Gover- 
nor Buckingham hesitated to give the eagles to Lieutenant 
Colonel Kellogg on account of his rude treatment of Major 
Smith a few months before, and a rumor reached camp that a 
certain unpopular Ma,ior of the First Artillery was endeavoring 
to obtain the position. A petition praying that Kellogg might 
not be thus ignominiously "jumped " was instantly signed by 
nearly every member of the regiment, and forwarded to the 
Governor, who thereupon immediately sent him a Colonel's 




O'er the proud heads of freemen our star banner waves, 
Men tirm as their mountains, and still as their graves, — 
To-morrow shall pour out their life-blood like rain ; — 
We eomc back in triumph, or come not again. 

Thomas Grey. 

In the spring of 1864, Lieutenant General Grant was gum* 
moned from the west to Washington, and invested with the 
command of all the armies of the United States. Success — the 
only satisfactory test of military capacity — had attended his 
operations at Vicksburg and elsewhere, arid he was now called 
upon to undertake the task wherein McClellan, Burnside, Pope, 
Hooker and Meade had failed, viz : the overthrow of Lee's 
army, and the reduction of the rebel capital. About the mid- 
dle of March he established his headquarters with the Army of 
the Potomac, then lying along the Rapidan, and the forward 
movement against Richmond commenced on the 4th of May. 

From the beginning of the war up to this time, it had been 
deemed necessary to keep a large number of troops in the 
Defences of Washington, to guard the capital against sudden 
attack. But when Grant needed reinforcements after the 
seven days' battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania,* he 

* From May 5 to May 13, 18&4. 


did not liesitate to strip tlie capital of these soldiers, nor did 
he seem paiticular about the ''arm" of the service to which 
they happened to belong. A good many Cavalry and Artillery 
Regiments suddenly found themselves converted into " Dis- 
mounted Cavalry " and " Foot Artillerists," which seemed so 
nuich like Infantry that the men could hardly perceive the 
difference. On the 15th of May the Second Connecticut 
moved from Forts Worth, Williams, and Ellsworth, where 
they had so long been quartered, to eleven forts* directly 
opposite Georgetown, to take the place of troops that had just 
been ordered to the front. It Ijcgan to look as though the 
government considered our regiment absolutely essential to the 
salvation of the capital, and had determined to keep us within 
call. The next day was spent in bringing up the vast quantity 
of property which had accumulated during a year and a half 
at Ellsworth, Williams, and Worth, (for soldiers, like citizen 
housekeepers, when compelled to move after long residence in 
one place, always find themselves owners of a surjDrising 
amount of pelf,) and in settling comfortably down for perma- 
nent occupation. Pleasing delusion ! Before the gracious 
light of another morning had gilded the dome of the capitol, 
how thoroughly was it dispelled ! 

It was about one o'clock on the morning of the 17th of May, 
when an orderly galloped up and dismounted at headquarters 
near Fort Corcoran, knocked at the door of the room where 
Colonel Kellogg and the Adjutant lay soundly sleeping, drew 
from his belt and delivered a package, received the endorsed 
envelope, and mounted and galloped off again, as little con- 

* These forts were named as follows : Corcoran, Albany, Craig, 
Whipple, Tilliughast, Cass, Woodbury, Bennett, Haggerty, C. F. 
Smith, and Strong. 


scious tliat he had brought the message of destin}- to hundreds 
of men as the horse which bore hmi. The despatch, as uearly 
as can now be remembered, read thus : 

War DEPART^fENT, Adjt. Genl's. Office, 
Washington, May 16, 18G4. 


The Commaudiug Officer of the Second Connecticut Heavy Artil- 
lery will proceed at once with his command, to join the Army of the 
Potomac, now in the vicinity of Spottsylvania Court House. Trans- 
portation from Alexandria to Belle Plain will be furnished by Capta n 
A. S. Lee, A. Q. M. At Belle Plain he will report to Brigadier Gen- 
eral Abercrombie for supplies, and for directions how to proceed. 

Having arrived at th« Araay of the Potomac, he will report immedi- 
ately to Major General Meade, Commanding, for duty. 
By order of the Secretary of War. 


Assistant Adjutant General. 

Five minutes had not elapsed before staff officers and order- 
lies were hurrying from fort to fort ; and in less than five 
minutes more, the sound of the Reveille and the sharp com- 
mand, '•'■Fall in V broke upon the still night air; and the 
feoldiers came pouring from their cozy bunks, like angiT^ bees 
when their hive is rudelv disturbed, and formed in line to hear 
the pregnant order. It was a memorable hour. No matter 
how long a man has been a mere denizen of the unthreatened 
Camp, drilled, mustered, and rationed, — no matter how much 
blank cartridge firing he has done, — when at length he realizes 
that he must go to the front, and hear the ultimate arguments 
in the great debate of war, he feels a certain sinking of the 
heart, as though the lead of the enemy had already lodged 
there. His soul becomes a theater, where the two star actors, 
Hope and Fear, supported by Imagination, Ai)prehension, 
Patriotism, Courage, Doubt, Resolution, Ambition, and a host 


of supernumeraries, rehearse the coming battles. Fierce and 
doubtful is the fight, even on that mimic stage ; but Hope is 
always victorious in the last act, and is the ever encored 
favorite ! 

Unfading Hope ! when life's last embers burn, 
When soul to soul, and dust to dust return, 
Heaven to thy charge resigns the awful hour ! 
Oh ! then thy kingdom comes ! immortal power I 

The day was passed in busy preparation for departure. In 
the evening the companies assembled near the Arlington 
House, and the regiment moved to the outskirts of Alexan- 
dria, where it bivouacked a little after midnight. Early in 
the morning* we embarked for Belle Plain, at which place we 
arrived in the afternoon, in a pouring rain, and in mud knee 
deep, — in floundering through which many a soldier lost one 
or both of his shoes. Night found us curled up and shivering 
under shelter tents among the dripping bushes on the steep 
hill sides, each man supplied with five days' rations and one 
hundred rounds of ammunition, with orders to carry the same ^ 
samehoio, on his person. About midnight the rain ceased, and 
Major Ladd, who had failed to reach us at Alexandria, and 
had followed right on, paid off the regiment. On the 19th we 
marched to Fredericksburg, at that time the hospital city, 
nearly every house of which was filled with wounded : and on 
the 20th, after passing Massaponax Church, and crossing the 
Mat, the Ta, the Po, and the Ny, — four small streams that 
form the Mattapony, — we reached the headquarters of the 
Army of the Potomac ; and were at once assigned to the 
Second Brigade, First Division, Sixth Corps. The army had 

* May 18, 1864. 


been lying for several days where we found it, — resting a little 
(although with constant skirmishing and picket firing,) after 
the recent severe fighting in the Wilderness, and waiting for 
reinforcements ; and now having received them, it began to 
swing to the " left," i. e., to the southward. On the 21st, the 
Second Connecticut found itself for the first time face to face 
with the enemy. Yes, that dingy looking line, slowly moving 
to the north along that slope, a mile and a half in front of us, 
was a body of real, live Johnnies ; and those puffs of smoke in 
the woods below, were from the muskets of rebels, who were 
firing on our pickets. During that afternoon and evening our 
regiment, although so lately arrived in the field, occupied a 
position perhaps more important and hazardous than any other 
portion of the entire army. The Ninth Corps had been with- 
drawn from the right, and had passed by our rear to the left, 
leaving the Sixth Corps on the right ; and for several hours our 
men lay with their bayonets pointing over a semi-circular line 
of breastworks which constituted the extreme right of the vast 
army, nearly all of which, except ovur own Brigade, was in 
motion towards the left. Just at dark, our batteries opened 
on the rebel lines, eliciting no reply, but frustrating an 
attempt of the enemy to get in upon our left and cut us off 
from the rest of the army. Late in the evening we silently 
moved out, following the track of the troops that had preceded 
us, and began that long and terrible series of marches which, 
were continued almost without a breatliing spell, until the 
first of June. The next day* we passed Ouinnea Station 
and reached Bowling Green. About noon of the following 
day t the first rations were issued since we left Belle Plain ; 
and late at night we arrived at the North Anna River, near 

* May 22, 1864. t May 23, 1864. 


Oxford. The men "were strung along for miles in the rear, so 
that Tvhen a picket detail of one hundred and twenty men was 
ordered immediately upon our arrival, it seemed to take half 
the regiment. The pickets, although hardly able to stand up, 
were sent across the river that night. The rest of the men, as 
they came up, tumbled upon the soft and delicious ground of 
the cornfield where we had halted, and — 

Not poppy, nor mandragora, 
Nor all the drowsy syrups of the world, 

could have medicined them to a sounder sleep than their 
unutterable weariness quickly brought them.* On the 24th, 
the river was crossed by pontoons at Jericho Ford, and the 
corps disposed for action ; but no general engagement occurred, 
although there was lively skirmishing all day, in which the 
*' first blood" of the Second Connecticut was drawn. The 
rebels fired upon and drove our pickets, but they were rallied 
behind rifle pits by Captain Waclhams, who was in command, 
with the loss of Patrick Keegan, of Company M, killed, and 
three others wounded. Our regimental and brigade head- 
quarters that day were at the house of one Fontaine, a wealthy 
and grand old rebel, who had fled on the approach of our 
army, with all his household except one or two slave women. 
It was a lordly old mansion, enriched with libraries, antique 
furniture, pictm-es, coats of arms, and genealogical trees, whose 
trunks were planted in France, and whose roots had gathered 
nourishment from the blood of Huguenot martyrdoms. Near 
by were ice houses, poultry yards, trees laden with early fruit, 

* The writer waked up the next morning with his mouth full of 
pulpy hardtack, which he had begun to eat the night before, when 
sleep interposed and arrested the process. 

fiEAVY ARTlLLEll^. 5S 

barns and granaries ; while the surrounding fields were well 
stocked with sheep and swine. If Mr. Fontaine ever returned 
to his domicile, (and it is to be presumed he did, as our occu- 
pation lasted only a few hours,) he found that the army had 
left him, as a memento of their visit, a picture oi Ruin^ painted 
with the besom of destruction, on a scale as large as his domain. 

While some of the field and staff oflicers were lying on the 
ground near this house that afternoon. Major Hubbard sud- 
denly asked, '' What was that ? I thought I heard a ' thud ' 
just now." Major Rice, who lay not more than six feet off, 
replied, " I guess you did, for I felt something go through 
me;" and putting his hand beneath his clothing, drew it 
forth stained with blood. It was the work of a rebel sharp- 
shooter, who could not have been less than a mile distant, and 
whose telescopic rifle had probably mistaken the Major's gilt 
leaves for the stars of a Major General, which they resemble. 
The projectile passed through the scrotum and the fleshy part 
of the rump, and could not have exceeded the sixteenth part 
of an inch in diameter. Major Rice was disabled but two of 
three days. It was in this manner that Major General Sedg- 
wick had been picked off a week before, — and possibly by the 
same skillful hand. 

On the 26th, the Fifth and Second Corps were engaged on. 
our left, which extended toward Hanover Junction ; but our 
own operations were confined to tearing uj) a quantity of rail- 
road track near Noel's Station, and forming a line of battle 
about nightfall in a thick wood on the crest of a hill adjacent 
to Little River. Here again we were on the extreme right of 
the army. Whether this formation was for the purpose of 
making or resisting an attack, I do not know; but at all 
events, the attempt to dislodge Lee from his position here 


seems to liave been abandoned about that time, and at day- 
light we re-crossed the river and marched to Chesterfield 
Station, where we halted from noon until evening. During 
the afternoon Upton called on Colonel Kellogg and said, 
*' Colonel, let your men know that we are to have a hard 
march to-night, so that they may get as much rest as possible. 
We shall probably be within fifteen miles of Richmond 
to-morrow morning." At eight o^ciOck the column was again 
in motion, on the road following the left bank of the Pamun- 
key ; and oh ! what language will convey to those who were 
hot there, the least idea of the murderous cruelty of that 
march ? We had already suffered all that flesh and blood 
seemed able to bear, on the road from Spottsylvania to the 
North Anna, and the future had in store for us many other 
marches that were grievous beyond expression ; but I am per- 
suaded that if all the regiment were to be summoned — the 
living and the dead — and notified that all their marches 
except one must be performed over again, and that they might 
choose wJiich one should be omitted, the almost unanimous cry 
would be, " Deliver us from the accursed night march along 
the Pamunkey !" In darkness and silence, hour after hour, 
without a rest of more than five minutes at a time, the corps 
was hurled along that sandy road. There was no danger that 
the head of the column would lose its way, for a large body 
of Cavalry had preceded us a day or two before, and dead 
horses lined the road throughout, at intervals averaging not 
more than a quarter of a mile, sickening all the motionless air. 
Ten o'clock, — eleven o'clock, — ^midnight,— two o'clock, — four 
o'clock, — the darkness began to fade before the inflowing tides 
of the morning light, but still the jaded men moved on. Cap- 
tain Burnham, with stockings and rags bound upon his blis- 

^ Heavy artillery. 55 

tered feet like sandals, (his boots having been used up and 
thrown away.) hobbled painfully alon^j !>esidc his men, whose 
feet, like those of all the rest, were in the same condition. In 
the morning, after past^ing ^longoliick and turning to the 
right, we crossed the Pamunkey on pontoons, and encamiDcd 
on the southern bank, not far from Hanovertown. where we 
lay until the afternoon of the next day, when we moved three 
miles and encamped again. The whole army seemed to l>e 
close along, and there was considerable Cavalry skirmishing 
somewhere in the neigh boi hood. As tlie Second Corps was 
moving by to the left, just in front of us, Captain Luman 
Wad hams came up to iieadquarters and asked pennission to 
go and see his brother. Lieutenant Henr}- W. Wadhams, of the 
Fourteenth Connecticut. " Certainlv," said Colonel Kellosr2", 
" but make a short visit, lor there's no telling w-hen orders to 
move will strike us.'' Captain Wadhams returned in about 
twenty minutes. ''Well, did you tind hini 'r" inquired the 
Colonel. •• I tound that he was killed day before yesterday, 
in the fight at Hanover .Junction, and buried on the field.'' 
was the sad reply. Four days afterward the Captain followed 
the Lieutenant, — and both of them died without knowing that 
their younger brother, Sergeant Edward Wadhams, of the 
Eighth Connecticut, had preceded them to a soldier's grave, 
at Fort Darling, on the IGth of the same month. Three 
brothers, in three different Connecticut regiments, in three 
different army corps, all slain in the approaches to Richmond 
within the space of fourteen days I 

On the 29th, the First Division was sent on a rcconnoisance, 
and marched in a roundabout way until it struck the railroad. 
Having thrown out a strong picket, and destroyed a portion 
of track, we lay down for the night, on the direct road leading 


from Hanovertown to Riclimond. On tlie 30tb, we Avere 
roused at dawn, returned to the lUclimond road, drew three 
days' rations, and marched five or six miles towards Mechan- 
icsville. Some of our men were on picket, and tliere was 
more or less firing all day in Iront. On the Cist, we hn^ along 
the edge of a piece of woods near Tolopotomy Creek, behind 
breastworks, passing the day without much change of position. 
During the entire day there was very lively firing along our 
front, and we had two B men and three L men wounded, — ■ 
those two Companies being on the skirmish line until after- 
noon, Avhen they were relieved by A and another Company. 
Here, again, the Sixth Corps held the right ; but only twelve 
hours elapsed before it had been moved (and our regiment 
with it, of course) in rear of the rest of the aimy, and appeared 
on the extreme left, at Coi>d IIakeor. Would that we could 
liave shunned that Aceldama, and with it the next chapter of 
this history ! 




And Ardennes waves above them her green leaves, 

Beviy with nature's tear drops, as they pass, 
Grieving-,— if aught inanimate e'er grieves,— 

Over the unreturning brave,— alas ! 
Ere evening to be trodden like the grass 

Which now beneath them, but above shall grow 
In its next verdure, when this fiery mass 

Of living valor, rolling on the foe. 

And burning with high hope, shall moulder, cold and low. 

However mucli the commander of a moving army may 
miscalculate his time and distance, that white-bearded old 
patriarch, whose sword is a scythe, and whose field-glass is an 
hour-glass, never miscalculates 7ds. Generals may fail to bring 
up their regiments, brigades, divisions, and corps at the critical 
moment, but Father Time always moves his minutes, hours, 
days, and months with something more than a " military pre- 
cision." June relieved May at midnight. Half an hour after- 
ward we had withdrawn from the Tolopotomy, and were 
swinging along the road, through pitchy darkness, toward the 
south. Having marched with short and few rests, nearly until 
the following noon, we halted along the eastern edge of a pine 
M- ood, wliere we lay for perhaps half an hour. Colonel Kellogg 
remarked that it seemed as though he had been on that ground 


before, — and so he doubtless had, in McClellan's campaign. 
At first there was nothing to indicate that this was more than 
an ordinary halt ; and the men fell to hard tack or sleep, 
according as their hunger or weariness predominated. — though 
it was generally the latter, for hard tack could be taken on the 
march, while sleep could not. Near us was an unpainted 
house, inferior looking in everything except its dimensions ; 
and about half a mile to the south were two or three others of 
the same sort. At the time we did not know, nor care, what 
buildings these were ; but those of us who were alive the next 
day learned that they constituted the settlement known as 
Cold Harbor. In a few minutes the advance of several other 
columns, together with batteries of field artillery, and ammu- 
nition trains, began to appear on the open, level fields in our 
rear ; but we were so nearly dead M'itli marching and want of 
sleep, that w^e hardly heeded these movements, or reflected on 
their portentous character. "Jim, there's a pile of troops 
coming, I guess there's going to be a fight. You'd better 
wake up." Such a piece of intelligence and advice as this, 
given to a prostrate soldier by some less exhausted comrade, 
would elicit some such rej^ly as this : " I don't care a damn. 
I wish they'd shoot us and done with't. I'd rather be shot 
than marched to death." And the sleeper would not even 
raise his head to look. But if the prospect of a coming battle 
could not move him, there was one other thing that could, — 
and that was the command " Fall in /" The brigade moved 
again toward the left about one o'clock, and leaving the road, 
followed along the edge of the woods until our regiment, 
which was in the advance, reached a position almost in front 
of the Cold Harbor houses before mentioned, and about fifteen 
rods north of the road that led fi-om these houses direct to 


Richmond. Some of the men began to go for water and to 
gather fuel for cooking coffee — haying eaten nothing except 
raw hardtack since the night before ; but this was at once 
forbidden, and they were ordered to keei) near the stacks of 
muskets. Sheridan's Cavah-y hud been skirmishing on this 
ground the day before, and five dead rebels lay within thirty 
feet of where we had halted. Our men dug a grave about two 
feet deejD on the spot, and scarcely were the five laid side by 
side therein and covered up, before a few shots from pickets 
or sharpshooters came singing over our heads from a little to 
the left of our front. It was evident, therefore, that the enemy 
was there ; but in how great force, we did not know. It is 
said that Longstreet's corj^s, which was in front of the Sixth 
Corps on the Tolopotomy the day before, had moved, in like 
manner, from one flank of the rebel army to the other, and now 
again confronted us at Cold Harbor. But it is hardly probable 
that there was any such force in our fr'ont at noon as was 
found there at five o'clock. 

Then why was not the charge made at noon ? is the ques- 
tion that may be asked by the military critic — or rather by the 
un-military critic of military operations. Why wait until five 
o'clock, thereby giving the enemy all the opportunity iu the 
world to gain positions, reconnoiter our lines, plant his bat- 
teries, build breastworks, arrange abbattis, and make all ready 
for our reception ? The answer to this must be. that the pre- 
sumption is that the charge was ordered at the earliest possible 
moment after all the dispositions of troops and artillery had 
been made. It must not be supposed that because " we," — 
that is, our brigade — had arrived at a certain point at one 
o'clock, we could push right ahead \\ithout support. And 
besides, it takes less time to march twenty miles than to read 


about it. The reading about a hard march does not disable a 
person from proceeding instantly to read about a charge. It 
is a very different thing to experience the march and the charge. 
There must be, between them, time to catch the breath and 
recover strength. 

Just at the left of the spot where we had stacked our mus- 
kets, was a hollow, basin-like spot, containing about an acre 
of land, and a few j)ine and chestnut trees, and well protected 
on the front by a curved line of breastworks, which were 
thrown uf> during McClellan's campaign, two years before, or 
else had been erected by Sheridan's Cavalry. In this hollow 
the three battalions of our regiment were massed about two or 
three o'clock, preparatory to a charge, which had been ordered 
by General Meade to take place at five. Bj this time the field 
pieces of the First Division had taken position directly in our 
rear, while the rebels had batteries directly in our front ; and 
for a long time the solid shot fiew back and forth between 
them, right above our heads, lopping off twigs, limbs, and 
even large branches, which came crashing down among the 
ranks. Said Colonel Kellogg to the First Battalion, " ISTow 
men, when you have the order to move, go in steady, keep 
cool, keep still until I give you the order to charge, and then 
go arms a-port, with a yell. Don't a man of you fire a shot 
until we are within the enemy's breastworks. I shall be with 
you." Even all this, added to a constantly increasing picket 
fire, and ominous signs on every hand, could not excite the 
men to any great degree of interest in what was going on. 
Their stupor was of a kind that none can describe, and none 
but soldiers can understand. In proof of this, only one inci- 
dent need be mentioned. Corporal William A. Hosford, then 
of Company E, heard the foregoing instructions given by 


Colonel Kellogg, and yet was waked out of a sound sleep when 
the moment came to move forward. 

Colonel Upton, the Brigade Commander, was in almost con- 
stant conference with Colonel Kellogg, giving him instructions 
how and when to proceed, surveying the ground, and anxiously 
but quietly watching this new regiment, which, although it 
now constituted more than half his command, he had never 
seen in action. The arrangement of companies and battalions 
was the same that had been established in the Defences, upon 
the change from Infantry to Artillery. The following diagram 
will show the formation at Cold Harbor : 


A B K E 

Left. II 11 11 Right. 

Wadhams. Lewis. Spencer. SMnner. 

L C H G 


Deane. Fenn. Beiry. Gold. 


M D I F 

Marsh, Hosford. Bumham, Jones. 

At five o'clock, — or it might have been somewhat later, — 
the three battalions were moved just in front of the curved 
breastwork, where they remained for two or three minutes, 
Btill closed-in-mass. Knapsacks were left behind the breast- 



works. Pine woods -or rather a few tall pine trees, not 
numerous enough to hide our movements-extended about 
ten rods to the front, and then came an open field. Colonel 
Kellogg, having instructed Majors Rice and Ells to follow at 
intervals of one hundred paces, placed himself in front, and 
gave the command, "Forward! Guide Center! March P^ 
The first battalion, with the colors in the center, moved 
directly forward through the scattering woods, crossed the 
open field at a double-quick, and entered another pine wood, 
of younger and thicker growth, where it came upon the first 
line of rebel rifle pits, which was abandoned at its approach. 
Passing this line, the Battalion moved on over sloping ground 
until it reached a small, open hollow, witUn fifteen or twenty 
yards of the enemy's main line of h-easticorls. There had been 
a thick growth of pine sprouts and saplings on this ground, 
but the rebels had cut them, probably that very day, and had 
arranged them so as to form a very eflfective abbattis,-thereby 
clearing the spot, and thus enabling them to see our move- 
ments. Up to this point there had been no firing suflicient to 
confuse or check the battalion ; but here the rebel musketry 
opened. The commander of the rebel battalion directly in our 
front, whoever he was, had his men under excellent control, 
and his fire was held until our line had reached the abbattis,' 
and then systematically dehvered— first by his rear rank, and 
then by his front rank. A sheet of flame, sudden as lightning, 
red as blood, and so near that it seemed to singe the meJs 
faces, burst along the rebel breastwork ; and the ground and 
trees close behind our line were ploughed and riddled with a 
thousand balls that just missed the heads of the men. The 
battalion dropped flat on the ground, and the second volley, 
like the fii-st, nearly all went over. Several men were struck, 


but not a large number. It is more than probal)le that if there 
had been no other than this front fire, the rebel breastworks 
would have been ours, notwithstanding the pine boughs. But 
at that moment a long line of rebels on our left, extending all 
the way to the Richmond road, having nothing in their own 
front to engage their attention,* and having unobstructed range 
on the battalion, opened a tire which no human valor could 
withstand, and which no pen can adequately describe. The 
appended list of casualties tells the story. It was the work of 
almost a single minute. The air was filled with sulphurous 
smoke, and the shrieks and howls of more than two hundred 
and fifty mangled men rose above the yells of triumphant 
rebels and the roar of theii- musketry. About Face ! shouted 
Colonel Kellogg, — but it was his last command. He had al- 
ready been struck in the arm, and the words had scarcely 
passed his lips when another shot pierced his head, and he 
fell dead upon the interlacing pine boughs. Wild and blind 
with wounds, bruises, noise, smoke, and conflicting orders, the 
men staggered in every direction, some of them falling upon 
the very top of the rebel parapet, where they were completely 
riddled with bullets, — others wandering oft" into the woods on 
the right and front, to find their way to death by starvation at 
Andersonville, or never to be heard from again. LIE DOWN ! 
said a voice that rang out above the horrible din. It was the 
voice of Colonel Upton, whose large bay horse was dancing 

* The rest of the brigade, i. e., the One Hundred and Twenty- 
first and Sixty-fifth New York, Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania, and Fifth 
Maine, were formed in three lines immediately on our left, and ad- 
vanced when we did. But they received a heavy fire and advanced 
but part of the way. Indeed the first battalion of our regiment went 
up to the enemy's breastwork alone. Our right was nobody's left, 
and our left nobody's right. 


with a bullet in his bowels. The rebels in front now fired as 
fast as they could load, and those of our men who were not 
wounded, having worked their way back a few yards into the 
woods, began to reply vdth energy. But the wounds showed 
that nine-tenths of our casualties were inflicted by that unop- 
posed fire on the left flank. The second battalion followed 
the fii'st, according to instructions, crossed the open field under 
a scattering fire, and haying moved through the woods until 
within perhaps seventy-five yards of the first battahon, was 
confronted by Colonel Upton with the command Lie down ! 
Lie down! — which was obeyed with the utmost alacrity. 
Major Ells was wounded very soon after the third battalion 
commenced to follow, and his command devolved upon Cap- 
tain Jones. Upon reaching the woods, this battalion also had 
orders to lie down. The rebel fire came through the woods 
from all parts of the line, and most of the losses in these two 
battalions occurred while lying here. '• Put up your saber," 
said Colonel Upton to a young officer, " I never draw mine 
until we get into closer quarters than this. See the Johnnies ! 
See the Johnnies ! Boys, we'll have these fellows yet !" said 
he, pointing to the front, where a long string of them came 
running through the lines toward us. They were the very 
men who had delivered the first two volleys in our front, and 
(there being a lull in the firing at the moment) they came 
tumbling over the breastwork in a crowd, within two or three 
rods of where Kellogg's body lay. We had too much on hand 
just then to run after safely bagged prisoners, and when they 
got to the rear the Third Division (who, by the way, having 
at first advanced on our right, had broken and run to the rear 
through our first battalion as it was charging, and were conse- 
quently in a convenient position to make the '' capture,"} i^ut 


a guard over tliem and triumpliantly marclied them to Army 
Headquarters ; and in due time General Meade issued an order 
complimenting the Third Dizhion of the Sixth Army Corps for 
havhig captured between three and four hundred prisoners, 
which they never captured at all * The lines now became 
very much mixed. Those of the first battalion who were not 
killed or wounded gradually crawled or worked back ; wound- 
ed men were carried through to the rear ; and the woods began 
to grow dark, either with night, or smoke, or both. The 
news of Kellogg's death quickly found its way every-r^'here. 
The companies were formed and brought up to the breastwork 
one by one, and the Une extended toward the left. As Lieu- 
tenant Cleveland was moving in with the last company, a 
squad of rebels rose directly in front, fired a volley very 
wildly, and dropped. The fire was vigorously returned, and 
the enemy soon vacated the breastwork in our immediate front, 
and crept oft through the darkness. Thousands and thousands 
of bullets " zix^ped " back and forth over the Ijodies of the slain 
—now striking the trees, high up, with a ''spud;' and now 
piercing the ground under feet. Upton stood behind a tree 
in the extreme front and for a long time fired muskets as fast 
as the men could load and hand them to him. Some sudden 
movement caused a panic and they started to flee, when he 
cried out with a voice that no man who heard it will ever 
forget,— "Jfm of Connecticut, stand lyme! We. ^X^ST hold 

* Every surriving man of the Second Connectiout Artillery will 
bear vritness that the Ninth New York Artillery, (^^hich belont^ed in 
the Third Division,) came pell mell through otir regiment toward the 
rear as wc were charging,— and that the capture of these prisoners 
was made by our regiment alone. Qolonel Upton, who saw the 
^^•hole of it, said that the matter sbauld be rectified, and the crqdit 
given to the Second Connecticut, 5,ut it never was. 


this line!" It brought tliem back, and the line was held, 
Fu'ing was kept up all night long, by a few men at a time, to 
let the enemy know that we were there and awake, and thus 
to deter them from attempting to retake the line, which they 
could easily have done. Major Hubbard sent word twice to 
Colonel Upton that if the enemy should attempt to return, he 
could not possibly hold it. Upton's reply was '• He must hold 
it. If they come there, catch th43m on your bayonets, and 
pitch them over your heads." At the fii-st ray of dawn it was 
strengthened and occupied by skirmishers ; and during our 
stay at Cold Harljor, which lasted until midnight of June 12th, 
it remained our front line ; — the rebel front line being about 
thirty-five rods distant, and jjarallel with it. 

On the morning of the 2d, the wounded who still remained 
were got off to the rear, and taken to the Division Hosj^ital, 
some two miles back. Many of them had lain all night, with 
shattered bones, or weak with loss of blood, calling vainly for 
help, or water, or death. Some of them lay in positions so 
exposed to the enemy's fire that they could not be reached 
until the breastworks had been built up and strengthened at 
certain points, nor even then without much ingenuity and 
much danger ; but at length they were all removed. Where 
it could be done with safety, the dead were bmied during the 
day. Most of the bodies, however, could not be reached until 
night, and were then gathered and buried under cover of the 

On the morning of the 3d, the regiment was again moved 
forward, under the personal command of Colonel Upton, from 
the same spot whence the fatal charge had been made thirty- 
six hours before ; but this time we proceeded by a circuitous 
route, which ke]3t us tolerably Vv^ell protected. Several, how- 


ever, were killed and wounded during this movement, and 
after we had taken position. The line was pushed to the left, 
considerably nearer the Richmond road than we had been 
before, and there speedily covered by breastworks. This, I 
presume, was our part of the movement of June 3d, which the 
larger histories regard as the battle of Cold Harbor. Perhaps 
it was. It has always seemed, however, to the survivors of the 
Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery, (Upton's Brigade, Rus- 
sell's Division, Wright's Corps,) that the affair of June 1st was 
entitled to more than the two or three lines of bare mention 
with which it is tossed off in Greeley's American Conflict, 
Deming's Life of Grant, Howland's Grant, and probably every 
other of the more important and comprehensive histories of 
the war. 

Artillery and picket firing continued through the entire 
twelve days during which the lines at Cold Harbor were held, 
and casualties occurred in the regiment almost daily. On the 
4th, the accumulated letters of many days arrived, in the first 
mail received since our departure from the Defences. Many, 
oh \ how many letters came for those who were beneath the 
soil ! The great New York dailies — the " Tribune," " Times," 
and -'Herald,'' — came to hand, fuh of war news ; but for once 
we were the possessors of important news in advance of these 
almost omniscient journals. . ^ 

The ranking officer* of the regiment, after the death of 
Colonel Kellogg, was Lieutenant Colonel James Hubbard, — to 
whom Governor Buckingham immediately forwarded a com- 
mission as Colonel. Hubbard, however, was unwilling to 
assume the responsibihty of the command. In common with 

,1 , , III! I I I I ■ I ■ I I- ' 

* Major Nathaniel Smith was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel upon 
the change to ArtUlery, and resigned for disability May 6, 1864. 


all the officers and men, lie was worn out. The purely murder- 
ous charge of June 1st was our first, and thus far our only 
fighting experience, and Lieutenant Colonel Hubbard drew 
the hasty inference that all the fighting was likely to consist 
in a similar walking right into the jaws of hell. (He after- 
wards found that tliis was a mistake. During the ten months 
which followed, the regiment was in the hottest of many a hot 
fight, and did its whole duty ; but it never found another Cold 
Harbor.) Colonel Upton advised him to head a recommenda- 
tion from his officers for the appointment of Ranald S. Mackenzie, 
a graduate of "West Point, and Captain of Engineers, who was 
then on some duty at Army Headquarters. Hubbard called 
a meeting of his officers and laid the matter before them. 
They unanimously opposed the proposition ; but he assured 
them he should decline the Colonelcy ; and at liis request, all 
the officers joined him in recommending to Governor Buck- 
ingham the appointment of Captain Mackenzie. The recom- 
mendation was forwarded "through the regular channel," 
favorably endorsed by tJj)ton, Russell, Wright, Meade, and 
Grant ; and on the 6tli of June Colonel Mackenzie appeared 
and assumed command. 





If a cliange of base in the presence of tlie enemy is ''the 
ablest maneuver taught by military art," as Napoleon asserts, 
and as the apologists of McClellan loudly declared when he 
was found at Harrison's Landing in 1862, it would seem to 
settle, beyond dispute, the question of the military capacity of 
Grant. He had successfully effected that maneuver three times 
since crossing the Rapiclan on the 4th of May, — first to Freder- 
icksburg, then to Port Royal, then to White House, — and now, 
simultaneously with the withdrawal of the troops from Cold 
Harbor, the base was removed for the fourth time, and estab- 
lished at City Point. And it was the last time. From that 
looint the Army of the Potomac was fed and supplied until 
rebellion became a " Lost Cause." 

New and strong lines of breastworks were built at Cold 
Harbor during the 10th, 11th, and 12th of June, and it began 
to be the general opinion that the place was to be permanently 
occupied and fortified. By the term "general oiDinion," I 
mean the opinion along the line ; and that was not always 
well founded. Things had changed in the Army of the Poto- 
mac since the Peninsular CamjDaign, and it was not now the 
custom to inform the rank and file, and the newspapers, and 
the enemy, of intended movements. "Work was continued on 


tlie breastworks, by large details of soldiers, until almost the 
hour of leaving Cold Harbor, — probably to j^rotect the with- 
drawing troops, in case of attack. It was nearly midnight on 
the 12th of June when we found ourselves in motion on the 
road to White House ; and innumerable were the conjectures 
as to our destination. The night was intensely dark, and after 
having marched a mile or two we became entangled with the 
Second Corps, (which was also in motion,) in such a manner 
that there would have been ugly work in the event of an 
attack. But at length the difficulty was overcome, and we 
moved rapidly on until morning, when the sun indicated that 
our destination must be some other place than White House, 
for we were inarching southeast instead of northeast. By 
seven o'clock that evening we had marched thirty miles, and 
"were encamped a mile and a half south of the Chickahomiuy, 
and six miles from Charles City Court House. On the 14th 
we marched at seven o'clock, A. M., and encamped about 
noon not far from the river. On the 15th we moved a mile 
and a half. On the 16th, moved again a short distance ; heard 
firing for the first and only time since leaving Cold Harbor ; 
threw up a line of breastworks, and took a bath in the river. 
It was the only luxury we had had for weeks. It was a goodly 
sight to see half a dozen regiments disporting themselves in 
the tepid waters of the James. But no reader can f>ossibly 
understand what enjoyment it afibrded, unless he has slept on 
the ground for fourteen days without undressing, and been 
compelled to walk, cook, and live on all-fours, lest a perpen- 
dicular assertion of his manhood should instantly convert it 
into clay. Trooj)s were embarking all day at the Landing, 
and at midnight we went aboard, — half the companies on one 
transport and half on another, — and soon were so quietly and 


pleasantly gliding up the broad and Ijeautiful river that imagi- 
nation and memory could make it seem, for a moment now 
and then, like some pleasure excursion on the Hudson or Long 
Island Sound. But it wasn't I We knew too well where we 
had been, and too little where we were going, to draw any 
protracted comfort from such imaginations. 

Companies C, D, F, I, L. and M disembarked soon after 
sunrise at Point of Rocks, on the Appomattox ; while the 
other transport, being a little too late for the tide, landed A, 
B, E, G, H, and K at Bermuda Hundred, whence, after a 
march of three miles, they joined the others, and bivouacked 
until noon. In the afternoon we moved tv^'o miles further, 
and encamped in the woods, in the neighboihood of the Sixth 
and Seventh Connecticut, and the First Connecticut Artillery. 
At one o'clock next morning we moved out, marched a mile 
or two in the darkness, halted and stood in ominous silence 
lor a few minutes, while mounted officers rode silently by ; 
after which we returned by the same way to camp. It has 
always been supposed that this move was intended for a 
charge ; which, for some reason not known, Ojnt which would 
doubtless have been deemed abundantly sufficient l>y the 
regiment, if their opinion had been asked,) was not made. 

Reveille was sounded next morning* at three o'clock, rations 
issued, and orders received to be ready to move at four ; Ijut 
the ''pack-up" bugle did not sound until five. Such delays 
may or may not cost a campaign ; they are always welcojnc to 
soldiers while cooking their breakfast. After marching Dack 
for some distance toward the Point of Rocks, and crossing the 
Appomattox by a pontoon, we moved directly toward the city 

* June 19, 18G4. 


of Petersbukg, — wliose towers and spires a|3peared in view 
before noon. It seemed as though forty minutes' march would 
bring us into its streets. But, ah ! there were obstacles in the 
Way, which it required forty weeks, hundreds of miles of march- 
ing, and tliousands of lives, to remove before it could be done. 
A hundred hours earlier, tlie inhabitants of that city had never 
heard a hostile shot, and had perhaps deemed themselves as 
much out of the way of contending armies as Albany or Hart- 
ford. B\it they were henceforth to pay for their past immu- 
nity. The roar of war that now broke upon their ears never 
died away, by day nor night, until the union armies, ten months 
afterward, chased the retreating rebels through the western 
gates of the city, and hunted rebellion down. 

In the afternoon we moved * to Harrison's Creek, and 
relieved a portion of Hinks' Brigade of Colored Troops, v/ho 
w^ere holding a line of rifle pits which, together with two 
guns, they had captu^-ed lour days before. While halting a 
few minutes near one of their regiments we had a good oppor- 
tunity to converse with and observe them, which was well 
improved. Many of them were men of tine physique^ and 
soldierly bearing ; and as we contemplated their stacks of 
muskets, and then surveyed the rebel lines just ahead, (which 
we knew somebody must take,) there was not a man of the 
" superior Anglo-Saxon race " in all the division, with brains 
enough to put two ideas together, v/ho would have deemed 

* The term " we," which so frequently occurs in this volume, is 
used sometimes for the regiment, sometimes for Lhe brigade, division, 
corps, or army, according to circumstances. And the writer himself 
does not always know how large a " we " it is. The whole of Rus- 
eell's Division moved in at Harrison's Cieek ; but whether the other 
two divisions of the corps were there, the limited range of vision 
enjoyed by a regimental officer did not enable the writer to know. 

©A?7iA]?J ©SI?] >]= X?J]©>>]'j'=i 


" niggers " unfit for soldiers. '' Yrell, you colored fellows have 
liad a pretty rough job, I reckon,'' said one of our men, in 
a tone of respectful and neighl^orly inquiry ; (for observe, 
when white soldiers stand side by side with black ones, facing 
rebel hreasticorTtS, and not knowing what an hour may bring 
forth, they never "damn the niggers," nor insult them in any 
way. S'lch proofs of Avhat Pollard calls " superiourity *' are 
only exhibited by warriors who fight battles at extreme long 
range — a range of five or six hundred miles — and who have 
meaner than '' nigger " blood in their veins.) " Yes, we have," 
was the reply, " as rough as we care for. We have to die for 
eight dollars a month, while you get thirteen for the same 
business. That's what ice call rough. It's poor encourage- 
ment, anvhow.'' "Was not that a reasonable answer ? It 
certainly would have been if it had come from a white man. 

The day was Sunday, — and what a Sunday I Shells whis- 
tled and muskets rattled, both to the right and left, as far as 
the ear could reach. Petersburg and its inner defences were 
in plain sight ; and if our troops had not caj^tured the city, 
we had at least got so near that it would be an uncomfortable 
place for trade and residence, unless we could be pushed fur- 
ther off. Afler dark, (for no such move could be made by 
daj'light,) the regiment moved doA\Ti a steep bank in front of 
Harrison's house, relieved the Eleventh Connecticut, and took 
position on the eastern edge of a broad, level wheat field. 
The minie balls that came singing along overhead with a 
Kee-oo ! oo-oo, told that the enemy held the opposite side of 
the wheat field ; and no time was lost in '• covering." Spades 
did not come for a long time, and only a few of them at last. 
Tons of loamy earth were thrown, all night long, with coffee 
pots, bayonets, hands, and shovels whittled out of hard tack 


boxes. Pickets were sent ahead several rods into the field, 
and three men stationed at each jDost. The " posts " were 
boles dug in the ground by bayonets and fingers. The deeper 
the hole, the higher the bank of earth in front ; and the pick- 
ets very naturally kept digging to strengthen their position. 
The tall wheat rustled with ripeness as they moved through 
it, to and from their jjosts. Are these men, who lie here and 
there, dead or asleep ? Here is one who, at all events, has 
krinkled and spoiled a good deal of wheat in settling down to 
his rest. Is he a reb, or one of our men ? It is dithcuit to 
tell, on account of the darkness,- — but that is the Union blue. 
Take hold of his arm. Ah ! there is a certain stiffness that 
decides the point at once. He probably answered to his name 
tliis morning at the roll-call of the Eleventh Connecticut ; but 
he will not do so to-morrow morning. 

The first and second battalions dug all night. The third 
went to the rear about nine o'clock, and lay in some old rille 
pits ; but were ordered to the front again just after midnight 
to help dig. The city clocks could be heard tolling the night 
hours away, for they were not so far oft' as Camp Button from 
Litchfield Hill. The morning* revealed a magnificent line of 
earthworks which had grown up in the night for our protec- 
tion. Had they sprung by magic, like the palace of sonic 
Arabian fable ? No. Our worn and weary men knew where 
they came fi'om. 

This was the most intolerable position the regiment was 
ever required to hold. We had seen a deadlier spot at Cold 
Harbor, and others awaited us in the future ; but they were 
agonies that did not last. Here, however, we had to day^ — 
liour after hour, from before dawn until after dark, and that 
'"' ^^^^^ * June 30, 180i. 


too where we could not move a rod without extreme danger. 
The enemy's front line was parallel vrith ours, just across the 
vrheat field ; then they had numerous sharpshooters, vrho were 
familiar witli every acre of the ground, perched in tall trees on 
both our flanks ; then they had artillery posted exeryichere. 
Ko man could cast his eyes over the parapet, or expose himself 
ten feet in rear of the trench without drawing fire. And yet they 
did thus expose themselves ; for where there are even chances 
of being missed or hit, soldiers will take the chances rather 
than lie still and suffer from thirst, supineness, and want of all 
things. " Keep dovrn ?" roared Major Skinner at a man w^ho 
seemed bent on making a target of himself. " Tell John 
Meramble to stop putting his head over," said Colonel Mac- 
kenzie, " or he will get it knocked off." Harvey Pease, of 
Comijany H, straightened himself up and essayed to walk, but 
was struck in the head before he had taken five steps, and fell 
like a log. Matthias Walter, of Company D, was wounded in 
the thigh by a sharpshooter. John Grieder, of D, received a 
fatal wound in the thigh from a piece of o-inch shell. Corpo- 
ral Disbrow", of H, was hit in the shoulder ; and other casual- 
ties occurred, until there were eleven in all. There was no 
getting to the rear until zigzag passages v e;'e dug, and then 
the wounded were borne off. A new relief of pickets had 
gone on just before daybreak, and each man was notified to 
have two canteens of water, because they must remain until 
night. Header, do you like to drink warm water ? Then 
enlist in the next war, and stay twelve houi's in a hole in the 
ground, without shelter from the fierceness of a Virginia sun 
in June, with Ijullets passing two feet above your head, with 
dead bodies broiling all around you, and with two tin canteens 
of muddy water. " But couldn't they get out if they were 


sick ?■' No, my iunocent friend, not even if tliey were Tiomesic'k. 
And wliat is worse, they liad no ice, no night-shirts, no shoe- 
blacking ; and to complete their misery, they were completely 
destitute of fiuger-cu]3s and napkin rings ! 

The day wore on, and welcome darkness came at last, giving 
us a chance to stand erect. Our occupation continued during 
the night and the next day, — the regiment being divided into 
two reliefs, the one off duty lying a little to the rear, in a corn 
field near Harrison's house. But it was a question whether 
''off" or ''on" duty was the more dangerous. During the 
day* Colonel Mackenzie directed his staff officers to occupy 
separate shelter tents, and to leave him in one by himself, in 
order to diminish the '' chances " of injury. When one of 
them looked into his tent an hour afterward, he pointed to a 
hole through his straw hat, remarking that if anyone else had 
been there, somebody would have been hurt. Frequent shells 
came just overhead and plunged into the cornfield behind us. 
Company E had a man killed, and K had several wounded. 
A 3-inch shell struck right among the boys of Company H, 
and threw dirt into their coffee, but did not explode. The 
only shot that was ever unmistakably meant for the author of 
this history, so far as he knows, was on that day. There was 
a well in front of Harrison's house, covered by a roof which 
was supported by four posts. The writer was sitting and 
drinking with his head leaning against one of these posts, 
when a musket ball buried itself with a " tunh " in the wood, 
just about four inches too high to prevent the writing of this 
history. I have ever since had some desire to see that well. 
If the post is still there, I am quite sure it contains lead. 

At eight in the evening we were relieved by the Eighth 

* .T 

June 21, 186i. 


Connecticut, and there saw tlie brave and noble Lieutenant 
Seth F. Plumb, of that regiment, for the last time. Moving 
by tlie left-in-front, (which, by the way, was the order of 
march all the way from Si^ottsylvania to Petersburg,) we 
crossed the City Point Kailroad, passed Grant's Headquarters, 
and marched by a semi-circular route toward the east, south- 
east, south and w^cst, until three in the morning, when w-e 
bivouacked, not much iarther from Petersburg than* before. 
How can we march so far and yet go so little way ? was the 
question here, as it had been between tb9 Tolopotomy and 
Cold Harbor. At eight o'clock in the morning* we entered 
the woods, and after sundry moves and halts, came to a square, 
open field, surrounded on all sides by thick woods, where the 
brigade was disposed in two lines. An officer and twenty 
men were immediately sent out by Mackenzie, with orders to 
push into the woods directly in front, and find the left of the 
Second Corps pickets. They were soon found, and the line 
was extended from the left by details from our regiment. 
Upton and Russell were both out in the jungle on foot, to see 
the connection made. Soon afterward, the first line of the 
brigade, which contained our regiment, was advanced into the 
dense wood, perhajis tw^o hundred yards, — the second line 
being not far behind ; and a few minutes later, the pickets 
were engaged in a sharp skirmish with Hill's rebel division 
close in our front, which resulted in a loss to the Second Con- 
necticut of six killed, seven wounded, (several of them mor- 
tally,) and six missing, — some of whom w^ere afterward heard 
from at Andersonville. Mackenzie had two fingers shot oflf 
and afterward amputated. A good deal of maneuvering fol- 
lowed, which W' as difficult to understand. We retired to the 

* June 22, 18&1, 


open lot, moved about a regimenfs lengtli to the riglit, and 
advanced again, somewliat further than ])efore, into a wilder- 
ness of woods, bushes, brambles, and vines, bo thick that a 
man could hardly see his neighbor. This position became a 
permanent picket line, vdiile the main line was established the 
next day* along the open field in the rear, and daily strength- 
ened until it became impregnahle. Here, as at Cold Harbor, 
there was no telling where we were until the day after the 
fight. Kellogg, Wadhams, and the multitude who fell with 
them on the 1st of'STune, never knew that they fell at " Cold 
Harbor," — indeed, most of them never heard that name, which 
has since become so familiar to their surviving friends. And 
so with the victims and the survivors of June 22d. Pine 
woods, with a jungle of undergrovrth, extended to an unknown 
distance in every direction, and the only data from which any 
sort of reckoning could he made, were the sun and the moon 
and the firing. Time revealed the fact that we were about 
three miles south of Petersburg, and a mile east of the "Weklon 
Railroad, which the enemy held. 

Here, then, the Army of the Potomac settled down to stay. 
The little barricade of rails where Knight, Hempstead, Guern- 
sey, and many others had found their deaths, grew day by day 
into breastworks, parallels, batteries, and mighty forts, which 
all the artillery of the world could not shake. The enemy 
began to fortify with equal strength, and henceforth there was 
more digging than fighting. The seventeen days following 
the 22d of June furnished several episodes which might have 
grown (but happily did not) into events that would have 
required a chapter instead of a few lines, — such, for example, 
as moving out on the night of the 23d, and massing for a 

* June 23, 1864. 


charge ; building breastworks all night on the 24th ; marching 
to Reams' Station on the 80th, to support troops that were 
tearing up eight miles of track ; and being under arms before 
daylight, on the Gth of July, in anticipation of an attack. 
Keyerthelcss, these v/ere days of comparative rest, quiet, and 
comfort. Camps were regularly laid out, and well policed. 
The band and drum corps encamped v.-ith the regiment, which 
Was an infallible sign that danger had evacuated. Each com- 
pany dug a well in the clay, and provided it with an old 
fashioned '"sweep ;'" — and inasmuch as the deepest well 
drained all the rest, they were constantly scooping out deeper 
and deeper. The commissary wagons came up, and rations 
consisted ol hardtack, salt pork, coflee, sugar, potatoes, pepper, 
salt, and rice. The sutlers also — those noble patriots — drew 
near, and the soldiers renewed their almost forgotten acquain- 
tance with sardines, bologna, bolivars, condensed milk, (sixty 
cents per can,} canned fruits, and a kind of bog hay tea, which, 
after all, was tea. The region abounded in young pines, from 
one to three inches in diameter, and every man had a bedstead 
constructed of these pine " poles," while the long, needle- 
shaped pine leaves made bedding which, if not luxurious, was 
certainly better than none. And thus the Second Connecticut 
Heavy Artillery played its part on the theater of war, until a 
sudden bugle blast on the night of the 9th of July announced 
a shifting of the scene. 




Hark 1 

Wasn't tliat the pack-lip call ? 

This was tlie iiiciuiry, iiiental or auctible, tlirolighout camj) 
about ten o'clock on the erening of July 9th. The men had 
1)etaken themselves to then- pine " poles," and were just drop- 
ping off to sleej), when a bugle note sounded through the 
woods. Was it from our Brigade Headquarters, or some cav^ 
airy camp in the neighl^orhood ? There it is again ! It is 
pack-tip ; and to leave no doubt of it, up rides Captain Roome, 
the new Assistant Adjutant General of the Brigade, to Colonel 
Hubbard's quarters, and says, " Colonel, you will move out 
immediately by your right. Follow the One Hundred and 

" Take everything ?" inquires the Colonel. 

"Yes, everything. We are going to City Point," is the 

In half an hour We Were on the road, in darkness and dust, 
toward City Point. And such dust ! The soil had been pul- 
verized and re-pulverized by the immense travel and dry 
weather, until it seemed resolved into its ultimate atoms. It 
Was not dust. It was something finer. One step of a horse's 
foot in it would raise a cloud of eight thousand cubic feet. 


^vliicli would liang suspended in the still air for an hour. It 
may be judged, therefore, what sort of a "dust" was raised 
by a division of five thousand men, with artillery, ambulances, 
bacrsrage wag-ons, field and staff horses, pack mules, and what 
not ; and what sort of diet was thereby furnished for the lungs. 

Just before starting, Companies B, D, and H were made 
happy by orders to remain, and report in the morning to 
General Hunt, Chief of Artillery. But the order was counter- 
manded in half an hour, and the three companies trudged on 
in dust and sorrow, after the regiment. Colonel Al)bott bad 
been trying hard, (so it was said,) ever since the investment of 
Petersburg, to get our regiment transferred to his command ; 
but this order and counter order was the nearest we ever came 
to heavy guns after leaving the Defences. Oh, woful paradox I 
"While we were the Nineteenth Infantry, we handled mortars, 
howitzers, and hundred pounders ; but the Secortd Artillery 
used no weapons, from Spottsylvania to Lee's surrender, but 
their muskets and walking apparatus. " \Vhere's your horses ?'' 
banteringly asked an F man one day of the First Maryland dis- 
mounted cavalry, whom we were passing. " They have gone 
to fetch up your heavy guns," w^as the pungent reply. The 
laugh was palpably at the expense of the " foot artillerist." 

Morning* found us — the First and Second Divisions of the 
Sixth Corps, perhaps twelve thousand men in all, — embarking 
at City Point as fast as the transports could get up to the 
dock, load, and move off. And it takes longer to ship that 
number of men by regiments than most civilians would sup- 
pose. While waiting, the opportunity for a wash w^as eagerly 
siezed, — and City Point, for one day at least, had more bathers 
than Long Branch or Newport. Officers who had any money 
" * July 10, 1864. 


bougnt a new shirt, threw away the old one, and came out in 
paper coliars " so galMant and gay." Colonel Mackenzie now 
re-appeared, with a rag around his abbreA^ated fingers, and 
took command. Our picket detail, which had been left 
behindj and were on dtity all night, ignorant of our departure, 
made a forced march when at last relieved, and arrived at two 
P. M., — soon after which the regiment was gliding down the 
James, on the '-City of Albany.*^ How comfortable, hovsr 
luxurious it was to be moving without the labor of marching, 
without dust, without the incessant command to "close ud,-'' 
and without having to carry one's weapons, house, bedding, 
food, drink, and cooking utensils ! And yet, if a person unac- 
quainted with any except the Hudson River style of steamboat 
travel, had attempted to go from one end of our boat to the 
other, he would have wondered where the comfoi-t was. lie 
v/ould have trodden upon the limbs, or kicked oaths out of 
the heads, of more than a hundred soldiers. 

But what was the destination and object of this movement 
down the James ? 

General Jubal Early had suddenly appeared with a rebel 
army, of unknown numbers, on the Potomac, destroyed a por- 
tion of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, carried consternation 
into Pennsylvania and exchanged it for beef and horses, over- 
whelmed Wallace at Monacacy, cut tlie railroad between 
Washington and Baltimore, and was marching straight for the 
Capital, which was defended by almost nothing except hun- 
dred-days men, whose term of service was just expiring. This 
movement, then, was to head him off. And it was none too 
soon : for while we were steaming down the James and up 
the Chesapeake, Jubal's iniantry were within six miles of the 
Capitol. All the world except om*selves knew that the Third 


Division of the Corps had preceded us by a day or two, and 
that a i)ortion of it had assisted TVallace at Monocacy in check- 
ing the enemy's advance. "We passed Alexandria just after 
sunrise of the 12th, reached Washington at six o"'clock, and 
marched directly up Seventh Street. In order to understand 
how difficult it was for Company and Regimental Commanders 
to keep their men in hand, the reader must contrast the toil 
and privations of the trenches at Petersburg, with the luxury, 
liberty, and whiskey of Washington. Straight up Seventh 
Street the column was driven, without looking to the right or 
left, — across the gazing Avenue, by the Post Office and Patent 
Office, and out to Tenallytown, with only two or three very 
short rests. The rests were long enough, however, to reduce 
the number of men somewhat. Indeed, the military genius of 
a Napoleon could not have taken a division from the foot of 
Seventh Street to Tenallytown in the heat of that day without 
loss. Such a task would almost have perplexed Mr. Pollard, 
the historical howler over the gi-ave of the Lost Cause. 

Early was in front of Fort Stevens when we arrived, and 
brisk firing was going on between his pickets and General 
Augur's hastily gathered ti oops, which consisted partly of 
hundred-days men, invalid corps men, citizens, and clerks 
detailed from the government offices. A skinnish occurred 
just after dark, which resulted in a loss to our side of two 
hundred and eighty killed and wounded, and a retreat of the 
enemy, with equal loss. At ten in the evening the regiment 
marched two or three miles up the road, by Fort De Russy, io 
Fort Kearney, and after much shilling, lay down on their arms 
to sleep. In the morning, Companies C and H were sent to 
man a battery, but returned in half an hour. Early had 
learned of the presence of the Sixth Corps, and also of the 


iN'ineteent'h, (Emory's,) •wliicli Lad oiDportunelr arrived from 
New Orleans ; and lie concluded not to cajDture tlie Capital 
and Capitol, Congress and Archiyes, Arsenal and Navy Tard, 
Lincoln and Cabinet, until (as Pollard says,) " anotlier and 
uncertain time." He had begun Ms retreat toward Snicker's 
Gap. and pursuit was instantly made by the Sixth and a 
division of the Nineteenth Corps, under command of General 
Wright. Our brigade moved up the river at 2:20 P. 31., and 
bivouacked late in the evening near Potomac Cross Roads. 
Colonel Mackenzie began about this time to be disagreeable. 
He ordered Sergeant Soule to report to his Captain as a private 
for peiTnitting Corporal Wheeler to go for a canteen of water ; 
and kept Company G standing at " attention " through one 
rest because some hungry patriot sang out "coffee." Next 
morning* we moved at half-past five, but not much progress 
was made for some hours, on account of a handful of rebel 
cavalry who annoyed our advance and covered the enemy's- 
retreat. Two of them were captured. But after noon the 
pace was quickened, and it being intensely hot, the march 
was very severe. Mackenzie stormed at -the Company Com- 
manders on account of the straggling, but it was no use. The 
men fell out incessantly. At seven in the evening we were 
only two hours behind the greybacks, whose rear g-uard, as 
we learned from citizens, had skirmished over that region 
during the afternoon. The Commissary wagons, which had 
followed on from Washington, came up at Poolesville, where 
we remained thirty hours. Rebel orders were found here, 
among the rubbish of their deserted camps, detailing men to 
thi-esh wheat. Here, too, the division witnessed the hanoinor 
of a deserter and spy from the Sixty-seventh New York. On 
"" * July U, 1864. 


tlie IGtli wc forded the Potomac at Edwards' Ferry, and after 
marching through Leesburg and a mile beyond, encamped in 
phiin sight of the rebels. During this entire march they kept 
moving as fast as we approached, manifesting little or no dis- 
jDOsition to dispute our progress ; and there was a delay in the 
l^ursuit which Mr, Greeley, in his History of the American 
Conflict, characterizes as " timid and feeble." It was certainly 
neither timid nor feeble after Ricketts came up with his 
(Third) Division, on the 17th. Starting before sunrise, the 
entire force moved ail day and had nearly all passed through 
Snicker's Gap at sunset. The top of the Blue Ridge, over- 
hanging the Gap, aflorded an excellent position for counting 
our troops, and several rebels, thus occupied, were captured. 
As we reached the middle of the Gap, we caught our first 
glimpse of the beautiful Shenandoah Valley, with which we 
were destined, before long, to have an intimate and bloody 
acquaintance. Lively artillery firing could be seen upon a 
knoll a couple of miles to the west, and sharp musketry heard 
to the right of it. We cleared the Gap, filed to the right into 
a blind, steep, and narrow defile, which suddenly became 
almost impassably blocked by troops who had been driven by 
the enemy, and were in confused retreat. Having forced a 
passage through them, we reached an open field sloping to 
the Shenandoah river, and encamped. Nothing remarkable 
occurred the next day, except an issue of three days' rations, 
including ])eans and dried apples, vdth instructions to make 
them last Jive days. On the 20th, we forded the Shenandoah, 
— which was about four feet deep, and as wide as the Housa- 
tonic at New Milford, — and moved toward Beiryville, left m 
front. The Second Connecticut was the advance regiment of 
the advance brigade, and a x^ortion of it was deployed as 


skirmishers, and marclied throngh the fields parallel with the 
column, and about forty rods on the right of it. Few of the 
regiment will ever forget the shower that soaked us that day, 
A halt was made in the woods not far from Berryville, and 
foraging parties detailed, w^ho secured a large quantity of 
bacon, vegetables, and meal. There must have been some 
conflict or misunderstanding in the foraging orders, for Lieu- 
tenant Warren Alford, who w^as on his way to camp with 
several head of cattle and a barrel of flour, was directed by 
General Russell to take them back where he found them. 
Cavalry scouts reported no enemy within eight miles ; and at 
midnight the column moved eastward. The river was forded 
again, by bright moonlight, and the Gap passed before day. 
It seems to have been the presumption (an erroneous one) that 
Early, having succeeded in decoying a large army into 
the Valley on a wild goose chase, was now hurrying back to 
Petersburg, to enable Lee to strike a heavy blow at Grant 
before the Sixth and Nineteenth Corps could be moved back 
to City Point. This, then, was the explanation of our return 
through Snicker's Gap. 

The march back to Washington was severe enough to be 
called a forced march. Moseby's guerillas were close upon 
our rear, and although straggling was continually punished 
by rail-carrying, yet a vast number of stragglers were " gob- 
bled " by the enemy, and doubtless found their way to Ander- 
sonville or some other prison. Teuallytown was reached, by 
way of Chain Bridge, on the 23d ; and the stiff, lame, sore, 
tired, hungry men found thirty-six hours' rest, new clothing, 
new shoes, soft bread, and surreptitious whiskey, — ^for all of 
which they were truly thankful ; — also cross-cannon to adorn 
their hats, — for which they would have been more thankful if 

tmwt Allf tLLERY. 87 

tills brazen badge had not been, to them, such a bitter 
mockery ! 

But suddenly it seemed as thouc-h the cross cannon v/ere to 
1)0 no longer a mockery. The powers at Washington had 
been pretty well shaken up by the thunder of the enemy's 
guns at the gates of the Capital, and they resolved that the 
Sixth and Nineteenth Corps should not embark for Petersburg 
again without leaving at least a few troops to reinforce the 
invalids and hundred-days men. For this purpose the Second 
Connecticut Heavy Artillery was detached from the Sixth 
Corps, and ordered to report to General De Russy, at Arling- 
ton. Good bye, Upton's Brigade ! We have followed your 
triangular flag, w^ith its red cross, through fire and blood for 
sixty-six days, and there are not so many of us above ground 
as when we joined you at Spottsylvania. Good bye, boys of 
the Sixty-filth and One Hundred and Twenty-first New York, 
and the Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania. We have become attached 
to you, body and soul ; but it will not cost us a tear to have 
the lodily attachment broken olL Good bye, fellows ; hope 
you have got through the worst of it, and we too. 

The regiment moved* through Georgetown, across Ac[ue- 
duct Bridge, up to Fort Corcoran ; and by noon the companies 
were distributed at the same eleven forts wdiich they had gar- 
risoned ior forty-eight hours before going to the front in May. 
The Ohio regiment of hundred-days men, which had relieved 
us in May and w^as still there, with its gawky officers, moved 
out and turned over its comfortable barracks, bunks, cook- 
houses and light duties, to those who were able to appreciate' 

* July 35, 18(31. ' 




Chief Justice. — I bear you arc going: with Lord John of Lancas- 
ter, against the Archbishop, and the Earl of Northumberland. 

Falstaff. — Tea; I thank your pretty sweet "wit for it. There is 
not a dangerous action can peep out his head but I am thrust upon 
it. I were better to be eaten to death with rust, than to be scoured 
to nothing with perpetual motion. — King IlEmtT IV. Part Second. 

If the Sixth Corps had gone to Petersburg, as was expected, 
the Second Connecticnt Artiiiery would probably haye re- 
mained henceforth in the Defences of Washington until the 
close of the war. But it was noAV discovered that Early, 
instead of returning to reinforce Lee at Petersburg, had faced 
about at Berry ville, as soon as we had ceased chasing him, and 
attacked the troops under Crook, in the neighborhood of Win- 
chester. Crook was defeated and driven into Maryland, and 
Early again stood defiantly on the Potomac, ready to carry 
the war into Pennsylvania, and " connect " with the northern 
wing of the rebellion, (which was eagerly waiting an opportu- 
nity to rise in arms against the government,) or to descend 
again on Baltimore and Washington. So the Sixth and Kine- 
tcenth Corps, after lying at Tenallytowu three days, moved — 
not southward, but northward. And the Second Keavies — 
well, it came a little harder than anything they had experi- 
enced hitherto. Their stay in those eleven forts in May had 

©A[F>=LrA3:^ [?[?]g©[EK]©K ffiflo [g^Bs^^u 



been short enough,— but that in July was shorter. The meh 
■who had rolled into those cosy bunks with the declared in- 
tention of " sleeping a week, steady." were on their cursing 
way through Tenallytcwn again in twenty-four houis, march- 
ing vrith accelerated puce toward Frederick, to overtake the 
brigade of the red cross, to which they had so lately bidden 
an everlasting adieu. Oh bitter cup I 

The Corps was overtaken the next day* between Rockville 
and Frederick ; and we proceeded in search of Early and his 
rebels, whose whereabouts were very movable. We crossed 
the Potomac at Harper's Ferry ])y pontoons on the 29th of 
July, and encamped at Ilalltown. just behind Bolivar Heights. 
But lest we should become weary of staying at one place 
t'jo long, the entire force, now augmented by Hunter's and 
Crook's commands, was headed eastward the next day, and 
again moved through that wonderful notch cut for the pas- 
sage of the Potomac through the Blue Pddge. Our regiment 
was for a short time halted on the very top of Bolivar Heights 
where the nature of the position afforded an unoljstructed 
view of the entire force, in three columns, moving in from the 
West and converging on the Heights. It was a grand specta- 
cle, and will always be remembered by those Who beheld it< 
Probably no other occasion during the war presented so large 
a number of moving troops to a single glance of the eye. 
After lying in the steep streets of Harper's Ferry until mid- 
night, waiting for other divisions to cross the pontoon, we 
got under way, and after a march not so hard as usual— but 
still hard enough. — encamped on the 8d of August on the 
north bank of the Monocacy, about four miles south of Fred- 
erick City. It was the pleasantest camping ground we had 
""" * July 27, 1S64, 



ever seen. The clear, sparkling river ran along tlie lower 
edge of it, and tlie surrounding woods abounded in saplings, 
poles and brush, for which soldiers can always find so many 
uses. Eegular camp calls were instituted, company and bat- 
talion drills ordei'ed, and things began to assume the appear- 
ance of a stay. Indeed, soldiers might very reasona].>ly look 
lor a considerable stay, when time could be found to indulge 
in a military funeral ; after so many officers and men had been 
buried without funeral, coffin, shroud, or audible word of 
prayer. The occasion was the death of an officer belonging 
to the di^dsion; the full brigade was in attendance, and a 
sermon was preached by our chaplain, Rev. Winthrop H, 

But it v>^as only foity-eight hours before the l^last of the 
brigade bugle blasted all hopes of permanency on the Monoc- 
acy. At ten o'clock on the night of August 5th, the miwelcome 
note echoed through the camj}, and at once the brigade packed 
up, fell in, forded the rivei*, and moved oft through woods and 
darkness, no one knew whither, — until the morning light 
revealed, in the distant foreground, the well known notch in 
the Blue Ridge that marks the locality of Sandy Hook and 
Harper's Ferry. The meaning of this move was, that Major 
General Sheridan had l:>een appointed to take command of 
the Middle Military Division, and was concentrating his 
forces in the vicinity of Halltown, three miles south of Har- 
per's Ferry, jDreparatory to active (yes, very active) operations 
against the impudent Early, who was already advancing again 
into the north, and had jnst burned the town of Chambers- 
burg. Of course this concentration of union troops compelled 
a similar movement on the part of the enemy ; — and two large 
and compact armies now faced ea^h other at Halltown. The 


Bituation, both in a military' and a political view, was hardly 
less important to both sides, and interesting to all the watch- 
ing world, than that at Petersburg. Tliere, Grant and Lee 
looked each other in the eye; — here, Sheridan and Early. 
Lincoln had already been re-nominated, and it was above all 
tbino-s the desire of the rebel authorities at Richmond to win 
decisive victories and successfully invade the northern states 
in time to prevent his re-election in November. His defeat at 
the polls would certainly have been the defeat of our armies, 
and the triumphant establishment of the rebel government. 
It was not difficult, therefore, to foresee ugly work in the 
Shenandoah Valley. 

We reached Halltown and went into camp on the 6th of 
August. From this time imtil the 19th of September there 
was much drill, disciphne, re-organization, and bringing up of 
recruits and convalescents from the hospitals. There vras also 
much shifting of position, marching, and skirmishing. On 
the 10th of August Sheridan moved his entire force toward 
Winchester, Clifton and Berryville, intending to fight the 
enemy somewhere near the locality of the engagement which 
took place on the 19th of the succeeding month. On the 11th 
all the crossings of the Opequan were siezed, very much as 
they were on the subsequent occasion mentioned, — the Sixth 
Corps moving from Clifton to the crossing of the Berryville 
pike. But the enemy had retreated. Pursuit was instantly 
made up the valley pike through Kearnstown, Newtown and 
iMiddletown, and on the next night our army lay on both sides 
of Cedar Creek, and the enemy's just north of Strasburg. At 
this point Sheridan learned, (through a despatch brought in 
great haste from Washington by Col. Chipman, who rode by 
way of Snicker's Gap, escorted by a regiment of cavalry, to 


deliver it.) that Kershaw's Division of Longstreet's Corps, with 
twenty guns, and two brigades of Fitzhngh Lee's Cavah'v, 
were on the way to re-inforce Early, In consequence of this 
information we started back on the 16th of August toward 
Halltown, which Sheridan declared to afford the only defen- 
sive line for a small against a larger force, in the Shenandoah 
Valley. Passing Clifton on the 17th we reached Flowing 
Spring, two miles south of Charlestown, on the 18th, and 
remained there until the night of the 21st. On the morning 
of the 21st, about nine o'clock, when prej^arations were 
making for a regular Sunday inspection, the enemy appeared 
very suddenly in front of the corps and drove in our pickets. 
The lines were instantly formed, and everything made ready 
for a general engagement, which it seemed as though tlie 
enemy, novv^ greatly strengthened, had determined upon. 
But it did not take place, although obstinate skirmishing 
continued all day, and the men were kept in constant readi- 
ness. At midnight we moved quietly back to Halltown, the 
pickets of the enemy closely followmg. Forward again to 
Charlestown we went on the 28th, and to Clifton on the 2d of 
Sei^tember, where we encamped and remained for two weeks, 
drilling and preparing for the grapj^le which was hidden in 
the immediate future. 




Thou siDringing grass, that art so green, 

Shalt soon be rosy red, I ween, 

My blood the hue supplying : — 

We'll drink the next glass, sword in hand. 

To him who for the fatherland 

Lies dying, lies dying. 

The official name of the engagement which this chapter 
recites, is Opequariy — the name of the river or creek which the 
entire army crossed to the attack. Bat inasmuch as the 
fighting was pushed to the gates of the city of Winchester, 
the rebels sent " whirling through Winchester," and the 
wounded carried to Winchester, — the soldiers persist in call- 
ing it the Battle op Winchester. 

At three o'clock on the morning of the 19th of Se])tember, 
the advance was in motion. Our brigade started from Clifton 
about daylight, and having struck the Berry ville pike, moved 
five or six miles toward Winchester, and halted for an hour 
about two miles east of the Opequan, while the Nineteenth 
Corps was crossing. The Cavalry had previously moved to 
secure all the crossings, and firing was now heard all along 
the front, and continually increasing. The Sixth and Nine- 
teenth Corps, following Wilson's Cavalry, which fought the 
way, crossed at and near the pike bridge, our brigade wading 

D4 Second Connecticut 

the stream a few rods north of it. West, of the creek, the 
pike passed through a gorge over a mile long, from which 
the rebels had been driven by the cavalry. The Nineteenth 
Corps and a ^Dortion of our own had moved through it and 
formed a line of battle some distance beyond, under a heavy 
artillery hre, when our division emerged from the gorge and 
filed to the left into a ravine that ran across the pike, where 
it was held in readiness as a reserve. This was about half* 
past nine. The fighting now waxed hotter, louder, nearer : 
nevertheless, some of the men found time Avhile their musketa 
were stacked in this ravine, to dig potatoes from a neighbor-' 
ing field. At length the enemy made a vigorous charge upon 
the center of the front line, at the point where the Third 
Brigade of the Second Division joined the left of the Nine- 
teenth Corps. The line broke, and retreated in complete 
disorder, each broken flank doubling and crowding back on 
itself, and making for tfie rear. The enemy pushed his ad- 
vantage and came rolling into the breach. It was the critical 
moment of the day,— for if he had succeeded in permanently 
separating the two parts of the line, there would have been 
no possible escape from utter defeat for Sheridan's army. At* 
this juncture General Russell, who was watching irom the rise 
of ground just in front of the ravine where his division lay, 
exclaimed, "Look here! it is about time to do something! 
Upton, bring on your brigade." The brigade was at once 
moved out of the ravine, passed through a narrow strip of 
woods, crossed the pike, halted for a moment in order to close 
and dress up compactly, then went at a double quick by the 
right flank into the gap that had been made in the first line, 
and made a short halt, just in rear of a piece of woods, out of 
which the remnants of the Second and Third Divisions were 


still retreating, and on the other side of Tvhich was the 
advancing line of Rodes' and Gordon s rebel divisions. The 
first tire that struck our brigade and regim.3nt diiriiig the day 
was wliile coming to this position. General Kussell was 
killed by a shell at the same time, having been previously 
wounded and refused to leave the field. It was this move- 
ment of our brigade that checked the enemy imtil the lines 
were restored and the two or tliree thousand fugitives brought 
back. Some of our men began to fire, but were quickly 
ordered to desist. After a very few minutes the Ijrigade was 
pushed forward, the left half of it being somewhat covered by 
woods, from which position it instanly oi^ened a terrific fire, 
while the Second Connecticut, which constituted the right 
half, passed to the right of the woods into an open field of 
uneven surface, and halted on a spot where the ground was 
depressed enough to afford a little jDrotection, and only a 
little ; for several men were hit wliile lying there, as well as 
others while getting there. In tliree minutes the regiment 
again advanced, passed over a knoll, lost several more men, 
and halted in another hollow spot similar to the fij'st. The 
enemy's advance had now been pushed well back, and here a 
stay was made of perhaps two hours. Colonel Mackenzie rode 
slowly back and forth along the ri.«e of ground in front of this 
position, in a very reckless manner, iu plain sight and easy 
range of the enemy, who kept up a fire from a piece of woods 
in front, which elicited from him the remark, "I guess those 
fellows will get tired of firing at me by and by.'' But the 
ground where the regiment lay was very slightly depressed, 
and although the shots missed Mackenzie, they killed and 
wounded a large number of both officers and men behind him. 
Lieutenant Candee merely raised himself from the gi'ound on 


Ms elbow to look at his "watcli, but it was enongli to bring liis 
head in range of a sharpshooter's ball, and he was instantly 
killed. About three o'clock, an advance of the whole line 
having been ordered by Sheridan, the regiment charged 
across the field, Mackenzie riding some ten rods ahead, hold- 
ing his hat aloft on the point of his saber. The distance to 
the woods was at least a quarter of a mile, and was traversed 
under a fire that carried off its victims at nearly every step. 
The enemy abandoned the woods, however, as the regiment 
approached, in consequence of which the line obliqued to the 
left, and halted. Companies F and D were here detached and 
taken oft to the right, on a small leconnoisance, but were soon 
brought back, and the regiment proceeded to the right of the 
woods and partly through them, and advanced to a rail fence 
which ran along the side of an extensive field. Here, for the 
first time during the whole of this bloody day, did the regi- 
ment have orders to fire ; and for ten minutes they had the 
privilege of pouring an effective fire into the rebels, wlio were 
thick in front. Then a flank movement was made along the 
fence to the right, followed by a direct advance of forty rods 
into the field. Here was tlie deadliest spot of the day. The 
enemy's artillery, on a rise of ground in front, plowed the 
field with canister and shells, and tore the ranks in a frightful 
manner. Major Rice was struck by a shell, his left arm torn 
oft', and his body cut almost asunder. Major Skinner was 
struck on the top oi the head by a shell, knocked nearly a 
rod, M'ith his face to the earth, and was carried to the rear 
insensible. General Uj3ton had a good quarter pound of flesh 
taken out of his thigh by a shell, and was laid up for some 
weeks. Colonel Mackenzie's horse was cut in two by a solid 
shot, which just grazed the rider's leg, and let him down to 


the ground very abruptly. Several other officers were also 
struck : and from these instances, as well as from the ap- 
pended list of casualties, some idea may be gained of the 
havoc among the enlisted men at this point. Although the 
regiment had been under fire and losing continuall}' from the 
middle of the forenoon until it waa now almost sunset, yet the 
losses during ten minutes in tliis last field were probably equal 
to those of all the jest of the day. It was doubtless the spot 
referred to by the rebel historian Pollard, when he says, 
*"' Early's artillery was fought to the muzzle of the guns."' 
31ackenzie gave the order to move by the left flank, and a 
start was made; but there was no enduring such a fire, and 
the men ran back and lay down. Another attempt was soon 
made, and after passing a large oak tree a sheltered position 
was secured. The next move was directly into the enemy's 
breastwork. They had just been driven from it by a cavalry 
charge from the right, and were in full retreat through the 
streets of Winchester ; and some of their abandoned artillery, 
which had done us so much damage, stood yet in position, 
liissing hot with action, with their miserable, rac-a-bone horses 
attached. The brigade, numbering less than half the muskets 
it had in the morning, was now got into shape, and after 
marching to a field in the eastern edge of the city, bivouacked 
for the night, while the pursuit rolled miles away up the 
valley pike. 

Roll call revealed the fact that the regiment had lost one 
hundred and thirty-six in killed and wounded, — fourteen of 
whom were ofiicers. Company A, out of its entire list of offi- 
cers and non-commissioned officers, had left only First Sergeant 
Henry Williams, — who had command of the Company during 
nearly the whole of the figlit,— and two corporals. Company 


H liacl tliree noble officers killed, including Captain Frederick 
M. Berry, of whom Colonel Kellogg once said that he was the 
most perfect officer^ gentleman^ and man, all things considered, 
in the regiment. Companies A, B, and E suffered heavily ; 
C and G still more ; and D, F, and I most of all. 

But, unlike Cold Harbor or Petersburg, there was victory to 
show for this fearful outlay. And it was the first cup of pal- 
pable, unquestionable, unmistakable victory that the Second 
Connecticut, with all its marching and fighting, had ever 

In a war bo vast, so protracted , so sanguinary, and so com- 
plex, as the war against the Slaveholders' Rebellion, it is too 
much to claim that any one army corps, or any one battle, was 
indispensable to the result. And yet, the issue hung for a 
long time in so even a balance that the most far-seeing were 
in doubt ; and there must have been some particular event that 
turned the scale. Wliat event was it ? What day, what bat- 
tle, and what particular move in that battle ? Let us see if 
the Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery may not claim 
to have done at least as much as any other regiment, toward 
making rebellion kick the beam. 

Those who have good memories will agree that the crisis 
seemed to have come in the autumn of 1864, and that the 
Shenandoah Valley was, to all human appearance, the valley 
of decision. If Sheridan had been routed at Winchester, 
Early would have been across the Potomac at once, marching 
unopposed upon Washington and Baltimore, which would 
assuredly have fallen into his hands. Gold would instantly 
have jumped to five hundred or fifteen hundred, and the war 
would have been what the Chicago Democratic Convention 


bad just declared it to })€— a failure. Tliat is, it would 
hare been a failure for tlie government of the United States, 
and a complete triumph for the domineering lords of the 
South, who would have established their Confederacy upon 
the ruins of the Republic If Sheridan had been defeated at 
"Winchester, there would of course have been no victory for 
him at Fisher's Hill, three days later, nor any at Cedar Creek, 
a month later : but on the contrary, Early would have been 
devastating the free states, and helping to defeat Lincoln.* 
At any rate, it will l^e admitted that Sheridan's three victories 
in the Shenandoah in 186-4 — "Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and 
Cedar Creek — were at that time universally regarded as pre- 
cursors, if not procurers, of Lincoln's re-election, and the 
overthrow of rebellion. And time proved that they were. 
And now the question comes, What decided the battle of 
"Winchester ? We had probably more men, while Early had 
the advantage of position and of the defensive. The contest 
lasted all day, and fortune certainly seemed at one time to 
favor Early, WTiat brigade was it that snatched victory out 
of his hand ? We will let Sheridan himself tell. Below will 
be found in full his official report of the Battle of Winchester, 
which we present without note or comment, except this, — that 
Upton's Brigade was composed of the One Hundred and 
Twcnty-fii-st New York, Sixty-fifth Xew York, Ninety-five 
Pennsylvania, Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery, and a 
battery of four field pieces. The Second Connecticut, how- 
ever, constituted fuV.y one half of the brigade, — these other 
regiments being mere remnants, having been in every fight 

*Ju3t before the battle of Cedar Creek, Early declared that he 
^ould be in Pennsylvania on election day, (Nov. 8,) or would be in 


since the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan. The 
only liberty we take with this report is to put a part of it in 
small capitals. 


At 3 o'clock on the morning of the 19th of September the army 
moved to the attack. Torbert was directed to advance -with Merritt's 
division of cavalry, from Summit Point, carry the crossings of Ope- 
quan creek, and form a junction at some point near Stevenson's 
depot with Averill, who moved from Darksville. Wilson was or- 
dered to move rapidly up the Berryville pike, from Berryville, carry 
Its crossing of the Opequan, and charge through the gorge or canon ; 
the attack to be supported by the 6th and 19th coi-ps^ both of which 
moved across the country to the same crossing of the Opequan. 
Crook moved across the country to be in reserve at the same point. 

Wilson, with Mcintosh's brigade leading, made a gallant charge 
through the long canon, and, meeting the advance of Ramseur's rebel 
infantry division, drove it back and captured the earthwork at the 
mouth of the canon ; this movement was immediately followed up 
by the 6th corps. The 19th corps was directed, for convenience of 
movement, to report to General Wright on its arrival at Opequan 
creek. I followed up the cavalry attack, and selected the ground for 
the formation of the 6th and 19th corps, which went into line under 
a heavy artillery fire. 

A good deal of time was lost in this movement through the canon, 
and it was not till, perhaps, 9 o'clock a. m., that the order for the 
advance in line was given. I had from early in the morning become 
apprised that I would have to engage Early's entire army, instead of 
two divisions, and determined to attack with the 6th and 19th corps, 
holding Crook's command as a turning column to use only when the 
crisis of the battle occurred, and that I would put him in on my left, 
and still get the valley pike. The attack was therefore made by the 
6th and 19th corps, in very handsome style, and under a heavy fire 
from the enemy, who held a line which gave him the cover of slight 
brushwood and cornfields. 

The resistance during this attack was obstinate and, as there were 
no earthworks to protect, deadly to both sides. 


The enemy, after the contest had been going on for some time, 
made a counter charge, striking the right of the 6th corps and left of 
the 19th, driving bacli the centre of my line. 

It was at this jukctuke that I ordered a brigade of Rus- 

WITH VIGOR. This was handsomely done, the brigade being 
LED BY General Russell and its commander, Upton, in per- 
son ; the enemy in turn was driven back, our line re-estab- 

gone to the rear brought back. 

1 Still would not order Crook in, but placed him directly in rear of 
the line of battle ; as the reports, however, that the enemy were at- 
tempting to turn my right kept continually increasing, I was obliged 
to put him on that flank instead of the left, as was originally intended. 
He was directed to act as a turning column to find the left of the 
enemy's line, strike it in flank or rear, break it up, and that I would 
order a left half wheel of the line (5f battle to support him. In this 
attack the enemy was driven in confusion from his position, and 
simultaneously with it Merritt and Averill, under Torbert, could be 
distinctly seen sweeping up the Martinsburg pike, driving the ene- 
my's cavalry before them in a confused mass through the broken 
infantry. I then rode along the line of the 19th and 6th corps, or- 
dered their advance, and directed Wilson, who was on the left flank, 
to push on and gain the valley pike, south of Winchester; after 
which I returned to the right, where the enemy was still fighting 
with obstinacy in the open ground in front of Winchester, and 
ordered Torbert to collect his cavalry and charge, which was done 
simultaneously with the infantry advance, and the enemy routed. 

In snmming up his operatioDS in the Valley, Sheridan after- 
ward adds : 

At Winchester, for a moment, the contest was uncertain, 


COLUMN OF Crook, and Merritt's and Averill's divisions op 
cavalry, under torbert, " sent the enemy whirling through 



fisher's hill. 

The mercury of loyal hope at "Washington went up many 
degrees on the 20th of September, upon the receipt of the 
news fi'om Winchester ; while the temperature at Richmond, — 
judging from those rebel tliermometers, the "Enquirer," 
"Sentinel" and "Examiner," — underwent a corresponding 
sinking. The industrious Pollard, of the "Examiner," at- 
temi)ted to alleviate the gloom and dismay of the rebel capital 
by belaboring Dame Rumor, after the manner of Virgil and 
Shakespeare. His vigorous cudgeling of that noisy female 

Who from the orient to the drooping west, 
Making the wind her post-horse, still nnfolds 
The acts commenced on this ball of earth, — 
Upon whose tongue continual slanders ride, 

made excellent reading for the union soldiers when it came to 
hand, but did not raise the value oi Confederate notes, even 
in the smallest degree. The rebel papers were all comf)elled 
to admit that Early had been somewTiat unsuccessful at Win- 
chester, but claimed that he had inflicted a loss on Sheridan 
at least three times greater than he had himself sustained, 
and had only " retired " to Fisheii's Hill, which was the 
yery Gibraltar of the Valley; — a position so impregnable. 


(they said,) that all the armies of Yaukeedom could not dis- 
lodge lihn. Little did they dream that their long-haired, 
butternut-coated soldiers would be sent packing therefiom in 
fortj^-eight hours. How it was done is set forth, without any 
poetry or pAiiit, in the following report made by Sheridan to 
Congress : 


At davlight ou the morning of the 20th of September the ariny 
moved rapidly up the valley pike in pursuit of the enemy, who had 
•contmued his retreat during the night to Fisher's Hill, south of 

Fisher's Hill is the bluff immediately south of and over a little 
stream called Tumbling river, and is a position which vras almost 
impregnable to a direct assault, and, as tiie valley is but about three 
aud a half miles wide at this point, the enemy felt himself secure on 
reachisi'g it, and ccrmmcnced. erecting breastworks across the valley 
from Fisher's Hill to Nox'th mountain ; so secure, in fact, did he con- 
sider himself that the ammunition boxes were taken from the caissons 
and placed for convenience behind the breastwork. 

Ou the evening of Septejnber 20th Wright and Emory went into 
position on the heights of Strasburg; Crook, north of Cedar Creek ; 
the cavalry to the right and rear of Wright and Emory ,^ extending to 
the back road. This night I resolved to use a turning column again, 
and that I would move Crook, uuperceived, if possible, over ou to 
the face of Little North mountain, and let him strike the left and rear 
of the enemy's line, and then, if successful, make a left half wheel of 
the whole line of battle to his support. To do this required much 
secrecy, as the enemy had a signal station on Threetoi^ mountain, 
from which h€ could see every movement made by our troops ; there- 
fore, during the night of the 30th, I concealed Crook in the timber 
uorth of Cedar Creek, where he remained during the 21sl. On the 
same day I moved Wright and Emory up in front of the rebel line, 
getting into proper position after a severe engng'cment between a 
portion of Eickett's and Getty's divi*>ious of the 6th cori^s and a 
strong force of the enemy. 

Torbert, with Wilson's and Mcrrltt's cavalry, was ordered down 
the Luray valley in pursuit of the enemy's cavalry, and, after defeat- 



ing or driving it, to cross over Luray pike to New Market and inter- 
cept the eneiny's infantry ehonld I drive it from the position at 
Fisher's Hill. 

On the niglifc of the 31st Crook vrcis moved to and concentrated in 
the timber near Strasburg", and, at daylight on the 32d, marched to 
and massed in tlie timber near Little North mountain. I did not 
attempt to cover the long front presented by the enemy, but massed 
the 6th and 19th corps opposite the right centre of his line. After 
Crook had gotten into the position last named I took out Eickett's 
division of the 6th corps and placed it opposite the enemy's left cen- 
tre, and directed Averili, with his cavalry, to go up on Rickett^s froiit 
and right and drive in the enemy's skh-mish line, if possible. This 
was done, and the enemy's signal oiBcer on Threetop m-ountain, mis- 
taking Ilickett's division for my turning colimiu, so notitied the 
enemy, and he made his arrangements accordingly, while Crook, 
without being observed, moved on the side of Little North mountain, 
and struck the enemy's left and rear so suddenly and unexpectedly 
that he, (the enemy,) supposing he must have come across the moun- 
tain, broke. Crook swinging down behind the line, Ricketts swinging 
to and joining Crook, and so on the balance of the 6th and lOtli 
corps, the rout of the enemy being complete. 

Perhaps a few words of explanatioti eoticeniing the or<?ani- 
zation of armies may be useful to our lady readers and others 
not familiar there^vith. A Brigade is usually composed of 
two, three, or four regiments, with a battery of two or four 
guns. Each gun is clraw^n hj six horses, so harnessed that 
any one of them can be cut loose without interfering with the 
remainder. A Division is composed of three or four bri- 
gades, and a Corps of three or four divisions. With the 
progress of a campaign, and especially where marching and 
fighting are going on, the numbei^ are continually reduced 
by wounds, disease, details, desertions, captures, and acci- 
dents; in consequence of which the number of brigades, 
divisions, <fcc., is also reduced by consolidation. The regular 
commander of a regiment is a Colonel ; of a brigade, a Briga- 
dier General ; and of a division, corps, or army, a Major 


General. But the losses of campaigning are not confined to 
the rank and file, and a single fight will sometimes give a new 
commander to ever}' regiment, brigade and division engaged. 
At Cedar Creek, for examj)le, every oflSccr in the brigade 
above Captain E. "W. Jones was killed or wounded, and for a 
large part of the day he had command of the brigade. 

In Sheridan's report, it must be understood that '' Wright " 
means the Sixth Corps, "Emory" the Nineteenth Corps, and 
" Crook '' two divisions that formerly formed a j^art of the old 
Eighth Corps. Of the three divisions of the Sixth Corps, the 
First was commanded (after the death of Russell,) by General 
Frank Wheaton, the Second by General Getty, and the Third 
by General Ricketts. 

It would seem, from the foregoing report, that the brunt of 
the fighting at Fisher's Hill did not fa,ll on Wheaton 's division. 
Nevertheless, the Second Connecticut had five killed and nine- 
teen wounded, vrhile the entire loss of the Sixth Corps was 
only two hundred and thirty-seven. So that the loss in our 
regiment was fully eUjht jper cent, of that of the entire corps, 
although the regiment probably did not constitute more than 
four per cent, of the corps, — perhaps less. Among the killed 
was Q. M. Sergeant David B. Wooster, of Company D, one of 
the best men that ever entered the service. The Nineteenth 
Corps lost sixty, and Crook probably less : — so that the victory 
at Fisher's Hill was very easily and cheaply bought, — in com- 
parison with the price paid for some other victories. 

But Sheridan's report merely considers the affair as a whole; 
and it will therefore be necessary for us to review it fi'om a 
regimental stand-point. The regiment moved from bivouac 
near Winchester before daylight on the 20th, and by the mid- 
dle of the afternoon encamped just south of Cedar Creek, 


remaining until tlie afternoon of the next day, when it moyed 
off to the right of the pike, taking a circuitous route through 
wooded ravines and over wooded hills, and at length came 
out upon open fields about a mile and a half west or south- 
west of Strasburg. This was on the evening of the 21st* 
Here lines of battle were formed, and a stay was made of 
about two hours ; after which the march was continued by the 
right flank, up a steep and winding hill-side, until midnight, 
when the regiment halted under arms until daylight on the 
very top of a hill fully as high as Fisher's Hill, and separated 
from it by Tumbling River. The enemy's stronghold was on 
the top of the opposite hill, directly across the stream. In 
the morning breastworks were commenced, part of the men 
building while the rest remained in line of battle. Lively 
skirmishing was going on all day, and once or twice things 
were hastily put in readiness to meet an anticipated charge, — 
which, however, did not come. About three o'clock in the 
afternoon, orders were given to pitch tents, — but while the 
men were at it a general advance was ordered. The regiment 
had bat just commenced to move directly forward when the 
rebels, (who knew every inch of the ground, and could tell 
where our lines ought to be, whether visible or not,) began to 
drop shells into their new breastworks and upon the very spot 
where they had begun to pitch tents. The regiment moved 
down the steep hill, waded the stream, and moved up the 
rockj front of the rebel Gibraltar. How they ever got up 
there is a mystery, — for the ascent of that rocky declivity 
would now seem an impossibilit}^ to an unburdened traveler, 
even though there were no deadly enemy at the top. But up 
they went, clinging to rocks and bushes. The main rebel 
breastwork, which they were so confident of holding, was 



about fifteen rods back from the to^) of the bluff, -svith brush 
piled in front of it. Just as the top was reached, the Eighth 
Corps struck the enemy on the right, and their flight was very 
disordered and precipitate. The Second Connecticut was the 
first regiment that reached and planted colors on the works 
from the direct front.* After firing until the rebels were so 
far off that it was a M'aste of powder, the pursuit was resumed, 
and kept up all night ; although but little jDrogress was made, 
on account of the blockade of the road, both by the pursuing 
army, and the property abandoned by the enemy. The move- 
ments and experience of the regiment from this time until 
October 8th are admirably set forth in the following extracts 
from letters written to the " Winsted Herald " by Al&ed G. 
Bliss, a private in Company E. 

The chase was continued through the night, with intervals of rest. 
We passed through Woodstock the morning of the 23d, and rested 
and drew rations a short distance beyond. After the rest the march 
was continued. Passed through the village of Edinburg, and camped 
for the night a short distance beyond. The 24:th we passed through 
Hawkinsburg — a knot of ancient houses. Shortly bej-ond we came 
to Mount Jackson, a neat little village at the termination ol the 
Manassas Gap Railroad. Here the rebels had left many of their 
wounded, some of which were in the depot, some in private houses, 
but most of them in hospital barracks, where it seems that they have 
had a general hospital ever since Hunter's retreat. Beyond the town 
the rebels made a show of fight, but before our line was perfectly 
formed they skedaddled, fearing a repetition of Strasburg. After 
leaving Mount Jackson we marched very fast, and at sunset arrived 
at New Market, which is quite a town, and must have been a busi- 
ness place before the war. Camped for the night about two miles 

* The men were so bewildered by the dailj' and nightly marching 
and fighting that some of them lost their reckoning, and there has 
ever since been a dispute whether the Fisher's Hill aflair came oflf on 
the 21st or 22nd. It was on the 22nd, at about five o'clock in the 


beyond the to'wn. Sunday, the 25th, the march "was resumed. To 
guard a^^ainst surprise, the troops marched in twelve cohimns, — the 
artillery aud wagon trains occupying the pike, the troops on either 
side. The day was cool and pleasant, and it was truly a magnificent 
sight to see the army marching in twelve parallel columns, the colors 
flying, the skirmishers deploying just ahead, the road strewn with 
evidences of the hasty flight of the rebels — broken arms, abandoned 
•wagons, &c. We encamped for the night at Harrisonburg, a large 
town making pretensions of being a city. Here the rebels had left 
500 of their wounded, in difiereut jDublic buildings. A paper entitled 
the Rockingham Gazette was issued here. A few days before our 
arrival the editor recommended that General Lee march his aimy 
through Pennsj-lvania, destroying all property as he went, and when 
North he could make peace at his ov>'n terms. Upon looking for the 
editor, it was ascertained that General Wright had his headquarters 
at the house of the man he was looking for, and was guarding his 
property. The editor was ordered to print copies of Gen. Grant's 
order in relation to rebel deserters. While here many deserters came 
in who said they deserted from Petereburg, and had come north thus 
far, telling the inhabitants along the road that they were goirg to join 
Early. They state that many would desert had they the opportunitj' , 
and that strict orders were given to shoot any men who pass beyond 
the pickets. From them we also learn that the rebels feel a deep 
interest in our coming election, and that they are all anxious that 
"Little Mac" be elected. While on this subject I would state that 
the " hero of the seven da^-s retreat " is fast becoming unpopular in 
the arm}^. Not that the soldiers dislike the man so much as the com- 
pany he keeps. They consider such men as Ben Wood, Vallandlgham 
and Voorhees to be their enemies as much as the armed rebels in their 
front. At daylight the morning of the 26th, we resumed the march, 
and at noon stopped at Mount Crawford, a little village about nine 
miles below Harrisonburg. Here we remained until noon the next 
day, when (the cavalry having returned from the raid up to Port 
Republic) we retraced our steps and stopped for the night at our 
former camp near Harrisonburg, where we are now lying. 

Harrisonburg is a place of some importance, and its public build- 
ings were filled with rebel wounded, many of whom signified their 
readiness to take the oath of allegiance, and expressed their belief 
that "the contederacy had gone up the spout." While in this vicin- 
ity the chivalry displayed their fiendish proclivities, and proved 
themselves fit champions of the cause they have espoused, by cutting 
the throats of those of our men who were so unfortunate as to fall 

Heavy artillery. 109 

into their clutcbcs. This cowardly and inhuman mode of ■svarfare 
seems peculiarly adapted to the men who are fighting to perpetuate 
the blighting curse of slavery. Among the victims of the miscreants 
was an Aid of General Sheridan, who was murdered near Mount 
Crawford, and in retaliation for this inhuman deed, (which no doubt 
was perpetrated by citizen guerrillas,) all the buildings in that sec- 
tion were burned. 

The morning of Oct. 6th, we marched at daylight, retracing our 
steps down the Valley : the cavalry followed in our rear, burning 
grain, bams, mills, and in fact all property which could be of any 
service to the enemy. This act was a military necessity, from the 
fact that Early subsisted entirely upon the productions of the Valley, 
and more especially as this is a rendezvous for guerrillas. The 
destruction of grain and forage alone wUl in a great degree hinder 
future raids north by this route. During the day we passed through 
New Market, and camped for the night near Mount Jackson, having 
made a march of thirty-five miles. 

Continued the march the 7th, and, as the day previous, refugees 
seeking freedom, avoiding rebel conscription, and the miseries of the 
"confederacy," were constantly joining us. As we progressed it 
became an exodus, black, white, rich and poor, old and young, all 
sizes and conditions, some on foot, some in wagons, carriages and 
carts, drawn by horses, mules, oxen, and occasionally the head of the 
family may be seen astride a bull which is drawing a cart containing 
the family and efiects, and other equally nondescript conveyances, 
but the majority depend upon government wagons for transportation. 
At the various houses on the road we see families with goods packed, 
waiting transportation, and the army wagons are filled with contra- 
bands mostly, either old and decrepid or very young, the robust 
having been sent to Richmond. Ask them where they are going, 
and they reply, " Anywhere, only to get out of this." The contra- 
bands informed us that they were told that " the yankees had horns 
and would kill them if they caught them." One informed me that 
"bis massa said that he must keep clear of the yanks, for if they 
caught him they would put him in the front line at Petersburg, and 
he would be surely shot," he told " massa if dat was so he would 
neber lebe him;" but, said he, "I know better, and was the first 
niggar to run away — massa couldn't fool dis chile." During the 7th, 
we passed Mount Jackson, Hawkinsburg and Woodstock, camping 
for the night at the latter place. At daylight the 8th we took up the 
line of march again. We find the bridges have been destroyed by 
guerrillas. At Edinburg the ladies besought Captain McNeil, with 



tears in their eyes, to spare the bridge at that place, but no entrcaties- 
^vould move the ruffian. We rest for the night at Strasburg, having 
passed over the battle-field at Fisher's Hill, when we are again struck 
with the impregnability of that place, and almost wonder how we 
drove the rebels from that stronghold. 




We now come to tlie most remarkable battle of the War. 
On the 10th of October the Sixth Corps left Strasburg and 
moved to Front Royal, on its way to Alexandria, — whence it 
was to embark for Petersburg. It was believed that the pun- 
ishment inlSicted on the rebels at Winchester, Fisher's Hill, 
and all through the Valley, would incline them to give up the 
project of carrying the war across the Potomac. This was 
evidently the opinion of Grant, Sheridan, and the authorities 
at Washington ; and thus it happened that we were on the 
way back to City Point, leaving the Valley in the care of the 
Eighth and Nmeteenth Corps and the cavalry. After resting 
near Front Royal until the morning of the 13th, the corps 
started to cross the Blue Ridge ; but instead of going through 
Manassas Gap, as was at first intended, the route was changed 
for the one via Ashby's Gap, a few miles further north, — and 
we moved in that direction. We had passed through White 
Post and Millwood, and the advance had almost entered the 
Gap, when there was a sudden "right about," — and the whole 
corps moved back and encamped at Millwood. " What's up 
now ?" was the universal question. And when the answer 
was given that Early, strongly reinforced, had followed us up 


again, and was in his Gibraltar at Fisher's Hill, and his out' 
posts challenging another "set-to," — the next universal and 
wondering question was, — "Hasn't old Jewball had drubbing 
enough yet ? ' 

He doubtless had. But Mv. Davis' government was in a 
fearful strait ; and the suddenness and vigor of Early's return 
to the " scratch " proved that even before the roar of battle at 
Fisher's Hill had died away, it had been decreed that one 
more desperate attempt should be made to defeat Sheridan 
in the Shenandoah Valley. It is true that military judgment 
would not have warranted the attempt. There was not one 
chance of success in a hundred. But the political necessities 
of the staggering, gasping Confederacy overbore all considera- 
tions of military prudence. Sheridan's brilliant victories were 
being celebrated all over the North with noisy cannon and 
ringing bells. Sheridan's victories were daily strengthening 
the republicans and discouraging the democrats. Sheridan's 
victories were a most effective reply to the declaration of the 
Chicago Democratic Convention, that the war was " a failure.'" 
The powers at Richmond therefore resolved that more men 
should die in the Shenandoah Valley. They resolved that the 
misfortunes of Early must be retrieved, at whatever cost, and 
that a rebel army should be pushed into the northern states 
in time to " assist " the democrats in defeating Lincoln. This 
was the explanation of our " right-about " at Ashby's Gap. 
But how did they expect to accomplish this perilous feat ? 
We shall soon see. 

The corps moved westward early in the morning,* struck 
the Valley pike at Newtown, rejoined the Eighth and Nine- 
teenth Corps at JVIiddletown, and the whole army encamped 

* October 14, 1864. 



between Middletown and Strasburg, along the northern bank 
of a tributary of the Shenandoah, called Cedar Creek. The 
Eighth Corps "vvas on the left, the Nineteenth in the center, 
and ours on the right, and somewhat in the rear. For the 
next few days there was much quiet, and a good deal of spec- 
ulation among the troops as to what would be the next shift 
in the scenes. The enemy was close in front, just as he had 
been for weeks preceding the battle of Winchester ; but this 
attitude, which might once have been called defiance, now 
seemed to be mere impudence, — and it was the general opin- 
ion that Early did not wish nor intend to fight again, but that 
he was to be kept there, with a small force, as a standing 
threat, in order to prevent Sheridan's army from returning to 
Grant. And yet there was something mysterious in his con- 
duct. He was Ivnown to be recei'sdng reinforcements, and his 
signal flags on Threetop !Mountain, (just south of Fisher's 
Hill.; were continually in motion. From the top of Massan- 
utton Mountain, — the peak at the north end of the range that 
separates the Luray from the Main Valley, — his vedettes could 
look down upon the whole union army, as one can look down 
upon New Haven from East Rock ; and there is no doubt that 
the exact location of every camp, and the position of every 
gun and every picket post were thoroughly known to him. 
Nevertheless, it seemed the most improbable thing in the 
world that he could be meditating either an oj^en attack or a 
surprise. One would have supjjosed that the more he saw of 
our camp, the less inclined he would have been to disturb it. 
The position was strong, the Creek and its crossings in posses- 
sion of our pickets, both along the front and well out on either 
flank. How, then, could his battalions get near enough to do 
us damage "without creating a noise on the picket line ? We 


will let the enemy himself tell how it was done— and undone. 
The following description of our surprise, rout and. subsequent 
victory is given by Pollard, in his history of The Lost Cause, 
All of it is probably true, except the statement that Early 
'' had less than ten thousand men." 

On the 18th of October, Early was again at Cedar Creek, between 
Strasburg and Winchester. He had less than ten thousand men, and 
about forty pieces of artillery. His force was inadequate tor oi^ert 
attack, and his only opportunity was to make a surprise. The enemy 
was posted on a line of low hills, the Eighth corps on the left, the 
Nineteenth corps in the center, and the Sixth corps on the right,. 
somewhat in rear and in reserve. Early's dispositions for attack 
were to make a feint with light artillery and cavalry against the ene- 
my's right, while the bulk of his forces marched towards the left 
where the Sixth corps was posted. 

The movement commenced a little past midnight. Whilst demon- 
strations were made against the Federal right, whence the sounds of 
musketry already announced a fight on the picket line, the flanking 
columns of the Confederates toiled along seven miles of rugged 
countrj' , crossing the north fork of the Shenandoah by a ford about a 
mile to the east of the junction of Cedar Creek with that stream. The 
march was performed in profound silence. Many places had to he 
traversed by the men in single file, who occasionally had to cling to 
bushes on the precipitous sides of the mountain to assist their foot- 
hold. At dawn the flanking column was across the ford : Gordon's 
division in front, next Ramseur's, and Pegram's in reserve. A heavy 
fog yet favoured them. The enemy's pickets had not yet taken the 
alarm ; some of them had reported that they heard a heavy, muffled 
tramp and rustling through the underbrush, but no attention was 
paid to a supposed fonc}", and no reconuoisance was sent out. Early 
had brought his column, unperceived, to the rear of the left flank of 
the Federal force ; and it remivined now but to close in upon the ene- 
my, and fight rapidh'. 

The surprise was complete. The Eighth corps was unable to form 
a line of t>attle, and in five minutes was a herd of fugitives. Many of 
the men awoke only to find themselves prisoners. The Nineteenth 
corps was soon involved in the rout. The valorous Confederates 
pressed on, driving the whole Federal left and centre, slaying many 
of the enemy in their camps, capturing eighteen pieces of artillery, 


fifteen hundred prisoners, small arms "without number, wagons, 
camps, everything on the ground. 

The retreat of the enemy was now a general one, the Sixth corps 
doing what it could to cover it. At Middletown an attempt was 
made to form a line of battle ; but the Confederates threatened a flank 
movement, got possession of the town, and put the enemy on what 
was supposed to be his final retreat to Winchester. 

The vigour of the pursuit was lost here. The fire and flush of the 
valorous charge was quenched, as the men now betook themselves to 
plundering the Federal camps, taking no notice of the enemy in the 
distance beyond some skirmishing and desultory artillery fire. But 
the enemy had no idea of continuing his retreat to Winchester. At 
the first good ground between Middletown the troops were rallied, a 
compact line formed, and the enemy soon put in a condition to resist 
further attack or take the oflfensive. 

The Northern newspapers, with their relish for dramatic circum- 
stances, had a singular story of how the sudden apparition of Gen. 
Sheridan on a black horse fiecked with foam, which he had galloped 
from Winchester, where he had slept the previous night, reassured his 
fugitive army, and restored the battle. But the lact is that Sheridan 
did not appear on the field until the army had reorganized a new line 
of battle and made its dispositions for attack, which he did nat 
change in any respect. The counter-charge was made at three o'clock 
in the afternoon. The Confederates were not prepared for it ; they 
had been demoralized by pillage; when urged forward they had 
moved without enthusiasm ; and when in the afternoon Gen. Early 
decided to attempt an advance, he was compelled to move cautiously, 
feeling his way with artillery. 

At the first contact with the enemy, Gordon's division broke ; Ker- 
shaw's and Ramseur's followed in retreat, and the field became cov- 
ered with flying men. The artillery retired, firing slowly, and sus- 
tained only by Pegram's old brigade and Evan's brigade. Across 
Cedar Creek the enemy's cavalry charged in rear of the Confederate 
train without provoking a shot ; and a bridge on a narrow part of the 
road between the creek and Fisher's Hill having broken down, guns 
and wagons were abandoned. Many ordnance and medical stores, 
and twenty-three pieces of artillery, besides those taken in the morn- 
ing by Early, were captured. About fifteen hundred prisoners were 
taken, which fully made up for those lost by the enemy in the morn- 
ing. The day was completely turned against the Confederates, and 
night closed with the enemy's infantry occupying their old camps,, 
and his cavalry pursuing the wreck of Early's army. 


Mr. Greeley, in his American Conflict, thus describes the 
surprise : 

Our forces were encamped on three crests or ridges : the Army of 
West Virginia (Crook's) in front ; the 19th corps (Emory's) half a 
mile behind it ; the 6th corps (Wright's) to the right and rear of the 
19th. Kitching's provisional division lay behind Crook's left ; the 
cavalry, nnder Torbert, on the right of the 6th. It is a fact, thotigh 
no excuse, that they had no more apprehension of an attack from 
Early than from Canada. 

Early had arranged his army in two columns, in order to strike 
ours at once on both flanks. He had of course to leave the turnpike 
and move over rugged paths along the mountain-side, climbing up 
and down steep hills, holding on by bushes, where horses could 
hardly keep their feet, and twice fording the north fork of the Shen- 
andoah— the second time in the very face of our pickets. For miles, 
his right column skirted the left of Crook's position, where an alarm 
would have exposed him to utter destruction. So imperative was 
the requirement of silence that his men had been made to leave their 
canteens in camp, lest they should clatter against their muskets. The 
divisions of Gordon, Ramseur, and Pegram thus stole by our left ; 
those of Kershaw and Wharton simultaneously flanking our right. 

At 2 a. m., the pickets of the 5th N. T. heavy artillery (Kitching's 
division) heard a rustling of underbrush and a sound as of stealthy,- 
multitudinous trampling ; and two posts were relieved and sent into 
camp with the report. Gen. Crook thereupon ordered that a good 
lookout be kept, but sent out no reconnoitering party ; even the gaps 
in his front line caused by detailing regiments for picket duty were 
not filled ; and, when the crash came, the muskets of many of our 
men were not loaded. There was some suspicion and uneasiness in 
Crook's command, but uo serious preparation. 

An hour before dawn, the Rebels had all reached, without obstruc- 
tion or mishap, the positions severally assigned them, and stood 
shivering in the chill mist, awaiting the order to attack. No sound 
of alarm, no hum of preparation, disquieted them. At length, as the 
gray light of dawn disclosed the eastern hill-tops, a tremendous vol- 
ley of musketry, on either flank and away to the rear, startled the 
sleepers into bewildered consciousness ; and the next moment, with 
their well known battle-yell, the charging lines came on. 

" Tell the brigade commanders to move their men into the trench- 
es," said Gen. Grover, calmly ; and the order was given ; but it was 


already too late. The Rebels, disdaining to notice the picket-fire, 
were themselves in the trenches on both flanks before our soldiers 
could occupy them in eflective torce. On our side, all was amaze- 
ment and confusion; on theirs, thorough ■wakefulness and perfect 
comprehension. In fifteen miuutes, the Army of West Virginia was 
a flylug mob; one batialiou of its picket-line had lost 100 killed and 
wounded, and seven hundred prisoners. The enemy, knowing every 
foot of ground as familiarly as their own door-yards, never stopped 
to reconnoiter or consider, but rushed on with incredible celerity. 

The Second Connecticut had its full share of the varied 
fortunes of that wondrous day.* The exact number present 

* Many readers of this book are well acquainted with the topogra- 
phy of South Cornwall, and can obtain a pretty good idea of the 
surprise at Cedar Creek from the following comparison: Imagine 
our army encamped all the way from Stephen J. Gold's residence on 
the left, to that of Dwight Pierce on the right, fronting southward. 
The Eighth Corps lies on Cornwall Plain, the Nineteenth Coq^s on 
the *' Captain Miles place," and the Sixth Corps further west. Let 
Coltsfoot Mountain be Massauutton Mountain, the Main (Shenan- 
doah) Valley toward Cornwall Bridge, and the Luray Valley toward 
the Crooked eSSes. The road to West Cornwall is the Valley Pike, 
and West Cornwall is Winchester. Our cavalry are encamped on 
either flank, and our pickets are posted along the Great Brook, in 
front of the army. Cornwall Bridge is Strasburg, and Eai'ly's army 
lies, at nightfall, in the neighborhood of Edward Gold's sawmill. He 
sends out a small force both of infantry and artillery toward Major 
Pierce's to "slam away" just at daybreak, in order to draw our at- 
tention in that direction, and then stealthily moves his whole army 
eastward, by all sorts of paths, along the lower part of Coltsfoot 
Mountain, then across into Kellogg's pine woods, (all the time keep- 
ing clear of our pickets,) then along the hillside until he reaches the 
old burying ground. Not a suspicion exists of their deadly presence 
until lumps of iron and lead from the rear come tearing through the 
tents of the 8th Coi-ps, some of whose occupants are not yet even 
awake. It is a poor time to " fall in," "dress," and " in each rank 
count twos." 

• This striking similarity of topography was observed at the time of 
the battle. It should be borne in mind, however, that the Cornwall 
representation is on a much smaller scale than the Cedar Creek 
ground : — a scale ot perhaps one to four or five. 


for duty on that morning cannot be given, — for there was no 
time for roll-calls, — but the Morning Rei^ort of a day or two 
previous showed 


Present 25 Present 708 

Absent 25 . Absent 648 

50 1356 . 

These six hundred and forty-eight absent men were scat- 
tered all over. Every hospital at City Point, Alexandria, 
Washington, Baltimore, Annapolis, Sandy Hook, Georgetown, 
Philadelphia, Newark, New York and New Haven had a share 
of them, sick, wounded, convalescent, or on duty as nurses : 
besides which there were prisoners, stragglers, men on sick 
furlough, men absent without leave, and men on detached ser- 
vice. Of the seven hundred and eight reported present, prob- 
ably not more than two-thirds were " Present for duty ;" — that 
is, — there were not more than four hundred and seventy-two 
muskets — ^probably not so many — that went into the fight. 
The remaming two hundred and thirty-six are to be ac- 
counted for in various ways. They were detailed in the 
medical, commissary, quarter-master and ordnance depart- 
ments ; also as pioneers, blacksmiths, butchers, cattle-drivers, 
stretcher-bearers, teamsters, ambulance-drivers, officers' cooks, 
guards and orderlies at brigade, division and corps head- 
quarters. Some were sick in the field hospital. Company L 
and part of Company E were on picket. Then there were the 
drummers, fifers, and band. Nor were all the twenty-five 
"present" officers available for action with the regiment. 
Out of that number must be deducted Lieutenant Cleveland, 
who was on duty as Inspector General on the staff of General 

nEAVY A^TlrLLEllT. 119 

llamblin, the Brigade commander ; Surgeon Pliiml) and As- 
sistant Surgeons Hassard and Andrews, all of wliom were sure 
to have a multitude of new patients on their hands in a few 
minutes ; Quarter-master Iluxley and Chaplain Phelps ; and 
Lieutenants Henry Skinner and Austin P. Kirkham, both of 
whom were on jjicket, and were taken prisoners early in the 
morning. The appended list of casualties will show, there- 
fore, that our losses at Cedar Creek were greater, in proportion 
to the number engaged, than in any other fight, not even ex- 
cepting Cold Harbor. 

There had been beautiful autumn weather and unusual 
quiet for two or three days. On the afternoon of the 18th, 
Squire Terry of New Milford, and another gentleman arrived 
as Commissioners to take the vote of the regiment for Presi- 
dent and Vice President. The Companies were brought up 
to head-quarters, one by one, and addressed by one of the 
Commissioners as follows : 

Gentlemen : — ^Ye have been instructed by Governor Buck- 
ingham, in pursuance of an Act of the Legislature, to receive 
the votes of such of you as are registered voters in the state of 
Connecticut. We are not here to electioneer, but simply to 
take yonr votes. On that table, (pointing at a hard-tack box 
that stood bottom upward on four stakes driven into the 
ground,) you will find a pile of ballots containing the names 
of presidential electors who, if elected. Mill vote for Abraham 
Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. On that table you will find 
ballots containing the names of presidential electors who, if 
elected, will vote for George B. McClellan and George H. 
Pendleton. On that table you will find envelopes. Examine 
the tickets as much as you please, and put the one which you 
desire to vote into an enveloj^e, seal it, and hand it to Squire 


TeiTj, giving liim at the same time your full name, company, 
and the town in ■which you would be entitled to yote if at 


home. We shall deliver these envelopes to the state can- 
vassers, and they will be opened, and duly counted with the 
vote of the state. 

The polls were then opened, and the soldiers enjoyed what 
was, under the circumstances, a great luxury. Some voted for 
McClellan and Pendleton, but a large majority M'ent for Lin- 
coln and Johnson. The Commissioners, who were the guests of 
the camp that night, were much enamored of army life, and 
expressed some regret that they could not see a Jight before 
going home. But of that there was unfortunately no prospect. 
There vrere no orders to be under arms an hour or two before 
daylight, as had been frequently the case ; — in fact, nothing 
indicated any stir on our part, and it seemed very certain that 
Early would prefer to keep at a respectful distance. And so, 
after a j^leasant evening, which was enlivened with much • 
political discussion, everybody laid his head upon the lap of 
mother earth, and slumbered ; — except Captain Gold, who 
meandered around camp in the fog all night, with a vague 
presentiment of danger. Indeed, it is said that the Captain 
was never known to be asleep during his whole term of 

Most of the regiment were up next morning long before 
Reveille, and many had begun to cook their coffee, on account 
of that ominous popping and cracking which had l)een going 
on for half an hour off to the right. They did not exactly 
suppose it meant anything, but they had learned "\^'isdom by 
many a sudden march on an empty stomach, and did not 
propose to be caught napping. The clatter on the right in- 

©/^^=^m^ \B^\t^3J^mm \?u kiqsifqb©. 


creased. The musket sliots reverberated through the fog, 
and at last, " Whang ! ug-ng-ng '' went a piece of artillery. 
And then another. And then a smart cannonading, and more 
musketry. It began to be the wonder why no orders came. 
But suddenly every man seemed to lose interest in the right, 
and turned his inquiring eyes and ears towards the left, 
Eapid, volleys and a vague tumult told that there was troulle 
there. " Fall in ! " said Mackenzie. The " Commissioners " 
looked wildly toward the right, then toward the left, then 
turned pale, and then advanced vigorously toward the rear, 
" Shoulder .^ Arms! Battalion! Left! Face! File Left I 
Marcli! Double Quick ! Mardi! " The brigade moved briskly 
ofi toward the east, crossing the track of other troops and 
batteries of artillery which were hurriedly swinging into 
position, while ambulances, orderlies, staff officers, camp fol- 
lowers, pack horses, cavalrymen, sutlers' wagons, hospital 
wagons, and six-mule terms of every description came trun- 
dling and galloping pell mell toward the right and rear, and 
making off' toward Winchester. It was not a hundred rods 
from our own camp to the place where we went into position, 
on a road running north. General Wright, the temporary 
commander of the army, bareheaded, and with blood tricklino- 
from his beard, sat on his horse near by, as if bewildered, or 
in a brown study. The Sixty-Fifth New York was on our 
left, and then came the Second Division. The First Brigade,* 
(Penrose's,) was on the right of ours, and then came the Third 
Division. The ground was cleared in front of the road, and 
sloped off" some thirty rods, to a stream, on the opposite side 
of which it rose lor about an equal distance, to a piece of 
woods, in which the advance reb el hue had already taken 
* Also called the Jersey Brigade. 


position. Truly does Pollard say that " a heavy fog favored 
tliem." The newly risen sun, huge and bloody, was on their 
side in more senses than one. Our line foeed directly to the 
east, and we could see nothing but that enormous disc, rising 
out of the fog, while they could see every man in our line, and 
could take good aim. The battalion lay down, and. part of 
the men began to fire, — but the shape of ^le gi'ound afibrded 
little protection, and large numbers were killed and wounded. 
Pour-fifths of our loss for the entire day occurred during the 
time we lay here — which could not liave been over five min- 
utes; — by the end of which time the Second Connecticut 
found itself in an isolated position, not unlike that at Cold 
Harbor. " Go and ask Penrose where he's going with that 
Brigade," — said Colonel Mackenzie to theVriter hereof. (The 
Jerseys had withdrawn from our right, and were moving 
directly across our rear to the left, with Penrose on foot, some 
distance ahead of his line.) " Colonel Penrose ! Mackenzie 
wants to know where you are going with that Brigade." 
" Fm not going anywhere. I'm wounded ! " — was the ener- 
getic reply, — which was carried to Colonel Mackenzie. Just 
then Lieutenant Cleveland rode up on a keen jump and said, 
^' Colonel Mackenzie ! General Wheaton wants you to move 
directly to the rear by right of companies I" Mackenzie re- 
plied, " My God ! I cannot ! This line will break if I do." 
^' Well," said Cleveland, pointing to the left, — "there goes the 
Sixty-Fifth, and the First Brigade is gone." A few seconds 
later, Mackenzie's horse, " old Pop," was struck square in the 
head, and after spinning around two or three times on his 
hind legs, went down — dead as a stone ; and the Colonel, 
who had previously got a shot through the heel, went off over 
his head. The fog had now thinned away somewhat, and a 


firm rebel line, witli colors full high advanced, came rolling 
over a knoll just in front of our left, not more than three 
hundred yards distant. " Rise up ! Retreat ! " said Macken- 
zie, — and the l)attalion began to move back. For a little 
distance the retreat Avas made in very good order, but it soon 
degenerated into a rout. Men from a score of regiments were 
mixed up in flight, and the whole corps was scattered over 
acres and acres, with no more organization than a herd of 
bufl'aloes. Some of the wounded were carried for a distance 
by their comrades who were at length compelled to leave 
them to their fate in order to escape being shot. 

About a mile from the place where the retreat commenced, 
there was a road running directly across the valley. Here the 
troops were rallied, and a slight defence of rails thrown up. 
The regimental and brigade flags were set up as beacons, to di- 
rect each man how to steer through the mob, and in a very few 
minutes there was an effective line of battle established. A 
few round shot ricocheted over head, making about an eighth 
of a mile at a jump, — and a few grape were dropped into a 
ditch just behind our line, quickly clearing out some soldiers 
who had crawled in there ; — but this was the extent of the 
pursuit. Mackenzie and Hamblin now left for the hospital to 
have their wounds dressed, and the whole brigade, (and a 
very small brigade it was !) was deployed as skirmishers, under 
Colonel Olcott, of the One Hundred and Twenty-First New 
York. Three lines of skirmishers were formed, and each in 
turn constituted the fi-ont line, while the other two passed 
through and halted ; and so the retreat was continued for 
about three miles, until a halt was made upon high ground, 
from which we could plainly see the Johnnies sauntering 
around on the very ground where we had slept. 


It must liave been after noon when we left that position, 
and moved eastward through the wood, by Sheridan's order, 
to join tlie Second Division, and meet the enemy. There has 
always been so much dispute as to whether Sheridan really 
had anything to do with the afternoon formations, that it is 
best to give his own testimony in the matter. He says : 

At about 7 o'clock on the morning of the 19th October, an officer 
on picket at Winchester reported artillery firing, but, supposing it 
resulted from a reconnoissance which had been ordered for this morn- 
ing, I paid no attention to it, and was unconscious of the true condi- 
tion of affairs until about nine o'clock, when, having ridden through 
the town of Winchester, the sound of the artillery made a battle 
unmistakable, and on reaching Mill creek, one-half a mile south of 
Winchester, the head of the fugitives appeared in sight, trains and 
men coming to the rear with appalling rapidity. 

I immediately gave directions to lialt and park the trains at Mill 
creek, and ordered the brigade at Winchester to stretch across the 
country and stop all stragglers. Taking twenty men from my escort, 
I pushed on to the front, leaving the balance, under General Forsyth 
and Colonels Thom and Alexander, to do what they could in stem- 
ming the torrent of fugitives. 

I am happy to say that hundreds of the men, who on reflection 
found they had not done themselves justice, came back with cheers. 

Od arriving at the front, I found Merritt's and Custer's divisions of 
cavalry, under Torbert, and General Getty's division of the 6th corps, 
opposing the enemy. I suggested to General Wright that we would 
fight on Getty's line, and to transfer Custer to the right at once, as 
he (Custer) and Merritt, from being on the right in the morning, had 
been transferred to the left ; that the remaining two divisions of the 
6th corps, which were to the right and rear of Getty about two miles, 
should be ordered up, and also that the 19th corps, which was on the 
right and rear of these two divisions, should be hastened up before 
the enemy attacked Getty. 

I then started out all my staff officers to bring up these troops, and 
was so convinced that we would soon be attacked, that I went back 
myself to urge them on. Immediately after, I returned and assumed 
command. General Wright returning to his corps, Getty to his divi- 
sion, and the line of battle was formed on the prolongation of General 
Getty's line, and a temporary breastwork of rails, logs, &c., thrown 

Heavy aiitillery, 123 

up hastily. Shortly after this was done, the enemy advanced, and 
from a point on the left of our line of battle I could see his columns 
moving to the attack, and at once notified corps commanders to be 
prepared. This assault fell principally on the 19th corps, and Vv^as 

I am pleased to be able to state that the strength of the 6th and 19th 
corps, and Crook's command, "svas now being rapidly augmented by 
the return of those who had gone to the rear early in the day. 

Reports coming in from the Front Royal pike, on which Powell's 
division of cavalry was posted — to the effect that a heavy column of 
infantry was moving on that pike in the direction of Winchester, and 
that he (Powell) was retiring and would come in at Newtown — caused 
me great anxiety for the time ; and although I could not fully believe 
that such a movement would be undertaken, still it delayed my gen- 
eral attack. At 4 o'clock p. m. I ordered the advance. 

This attack was brilliantly made, and as the enemy was protected 
by rail breastworks, and at some portions of his line by stone fences, 
his resistance was very determined. His line of battle overlapped the 
right of mine, and by turning with this portion of it on the flank of 
the 19th corps, caused a slight momentary confusion. This move- 
ment was checked, however, by a counter-charge of General McMil- 
lan's brigade upon the re-entering angle thus formed by the enemy, 
and his flanking party cut off. 

It was at this stage of the battle that Custer was ordered to charge 
with his entire division, but, although the order was promptly obeyed, 
it was not in time to capture the whole of the force thus cut off, and 
many escaped across Cedar creek. Simultaneous with this charge, a 
combined movement of the whole line drove the enemy in confusion 
to the creek, where, owing to the difficulties of crossing, his army 
became routed. 

About two o'clock ^ve were posted, in two lines, in tlie 
southwestern edge of a piece of woods, in front of which was 
an oi^en, side-hill field, at the top of which, along a stone 
wall, was the rebel skirmish line, while the main line was not 
a great distance back of it. Their assault had already been 
made, and repulsed by the Nineteenth Corps. About three 
o'clock, we could hear the cheering to the right, as Sheridan 
rode along the line, — but that personage did not get within 


Bight of our regiment. By tMs time Hamblin and Mackenzie 
had returned to take part in tke " left half wheel "' whicti had 
been ordered. The lines moved forward over the ascending 
ground, under a galling but not very destructive fire from the 
rebel skirmishers, who soon gave up the stone wall to us, and 
retreated on their main line. A square musketry fight was 
kept up here for ten minutes, when the enemy left :— not, 
however, before inflicting considerable damage on us. Here 
Colonel Mackenzie was again sti-uck by a solid shot or shell 
which just grazed his shoulder. A remarkably large number 
of our officers Were wounded at this point, but none fatally, 
nor even i:ery severely. (In the morning the casualties among 
officers had been few and severe,— Hosford being killed, and 
Fenn and Gregory losing each an arm.) 

The enemy attempted to rally behmd another fence, a little 
further back, but after a moment or two gave it up and " re- 
tired." Not only in front of our regiment, but all along as 
far as the eye could reach, both to the right and left, were 
they flying over the uneven country in precisely the same kind 
of disorder that we had exhibited in the morning. The 
shouts and screams of victory mingled with the roar of the 

firing, and never was heard 

So musical a discord, such sweet thunder. 

The sight of so many rebel heels made it a very easy thing to 
be brave, and the union troops pressed on utterly regardless of 
the grape and canister which, to the last moment, the enemy 
flung behmd him. It would not have been well for them to 
have fired too much if they had had ever so good a chance, 
for they would have been no more lik.ely to hit our men 
than their own, who were our prisoners, and scattered ia 
Si^uads of twenty, squads of ten, and squads of one, all 


G.yer the vast field. At one time they made a determined 
stand, along a ridge in front of our brigade. A breastwork of 
rails was thrown together, colors planted, a nucleus made, 
and both flanks grew longer and longer, with wondertul 
rapidity. It was evident that they were driving back their 
men to this line without regard to regiment or organization of 
any kind. This could be plainly seen from the adjacent and 
similar ridge over which we were moving,— the pursuers 
being in quite as much disorder (so far as organizations were 
eoncerned.) as the pursued. That growing line began to look 
Tigl.y, and somewhat quenched the ardor of the chase. It 
began to be a question in many minds whether it would not 
be a point of wisdom to " survey the vantage of the ground " 
before getting much further. But just as we descended into 
the intervening hollow, a body of cavalry, not large, but com- 
pact, was seen scouring along the fields to oiu- right and front 
like a whirlwind, directly toward the left flank of that formid- 
able line on the hill. When we reached the top there was no 
enemy there ! They had moved on, and the cavah-y after 
them. Thus the chase was continued, fi-om position to posi- 
tion, for miles and miles, for hours and hours, — until darkness 
closed in, and every regiment went into camp on the identical 
ground it had left in such haste in the morning. Every man 
tied his shelter tent to the very same old stakes ; and in half 
an hour cofi"ee was boiling and salt pork sputtering over 
thousands of camp fires. Civil life may furnish better fare 
than the army at Cedar Creek had that night, but not better 
appetites ; for it must be borne in mind that many had gone 
into the fight directly from their beds, and had eaten nothing 
for twenty four hours. 

Sweep on, you fat and greasy citizens, — 


no matter liow stout your bank deposits are, tliose a]jpetites 
were a greater luxury tlian you can buy. 

But wliy did tliey Tvait half an hour before getting under 
way Y>'ith their supper? vrill perhaps be asked. Because it 
takes some time to find wood, on a cleared field where a body 
of men as large as the whole city of Waterbury are set down 
without any wood-j^ile or coal-bin, — and in the dark, too. 
And it takes some time to get icater, wher« there are two 
hundred men over a well, and not a gill of water to a man. 
And it takes some time to draw and distribute rations, when 
details from every company in a whole brigade are CFowding 
and jamming at the tail-board of two or three commissary 

Late in the evening, after many were sound asleep, the 
regiment was ordered to be formed in line without arms. 
When the command to "fall in" was heard, the general 
question was, '' Well, old Jubal hasn't forgotten anything and 
come back after it, has he?" The clause, "without arms," 
however, showed that he had not ; although the soldiers ex- 
pressed their perfect willingness to fight him in that way, if 
he found himself still unable to restrain his pugnacity. The 
line being formed. Captain Jones^-now in command of the 
regiment — said, " Soldiers : — I have just received a despatch 
from General Sheridan's Head-quarters which announces that 
we have this day taken not less than two thousand prisoners, 
forty-seven guns and caissons, a large number of battle-flags, 
all the wagons and supplies taken from us this morning, be- 
sides horses, mules, wagon trains and material of all kinds in 
unknown quantities ; and that our victory is complete. I now 
propose three cheers for Sheridan, ourselves, our army, and 
the Union 1 " They were given with indescribable heartiness^ 


■wliile all tlie camps far and near joined in full chorus. The 
battalion was dismissed, and thus ended the day that had 
witnessed a battle which was, in many respects, without a 
parallel in ancient or modern history. 

I said that every man tied his shelter tent to the same old 
stakes. Alas I not every man. The victory at Cedar Creek 
was no exception to the rule that every human good must 
be born out of sorrovr. The killed, wounded and missing of 
the Sixth Corps were two thousand two hundred and fifteen, 
of which the Second Connecticut had its full share. Men 
from every Company started out, the first thing after reaching 
camp, to look for our dead and wounded, many of whom lay 
not fifty rods ofi". The shghtly wounded who had not got 
away, had been taken prisoners and sent at once toward 
Richmond, — while the severely wounded had lain all day on 
the ground, near where they were hit, while the tide of battle 
ebbed and flowed over them. Some of the mortally wounded 
were just able to greet their returning comrades, hear the 
news of victory, and send a last message to their friends, be- 
fore exj)iring. Corporal Charles M. Burr, of Company E, went 
into the fight with Company B, (his own Company being on 
picket.) and was shot above the ankle, just after the battalion 
had risen up and started to retreat. Both bones of his leg 
were shattered, and he had to be left. In a few minutes the 
rebel battalion which I have already mentioned came directly 
over him in pursuit, and was soon out of his sight. Then, 
being alone for a short time, he jDulled off the boot from his 
sound leg, put his watch and money into it, and put it on 
again. Next, a merciful rebel lieutenant came and tied a 
handkerchief around his leg, stanching the blood. Next came 
the noble army of stragglers and bummers, with the question. 


'' Hello, Yank, have you got any yankee notions about you ? " at 
the same time thrusting their hands into every pocket. They 
captured a little money and small traps, but seeing one boot 
was spoiled, they did not meddle with the other. Next came 
wagons picking up muskets and accoutrements, which lay 
thick all over the ground. Then came ambulances and picked 
up the rebel wounded, but left ours. Then came a citizen of 
the Confederacy, asking many f[uestions ; and then came three 
boys, who gave him water. And thus the day wore along 
until the middle of the afternoon, when the tide of travel 1)6- 
gan to turn. The noble army of stragglers and bummers led 
the advance, — then the roar of battle grew nearer and louder 
and more general, — then came galloping officers and all kinds 
of wagons, — then a brass 12-pounder swung round close to him, 
unlimbered, fired one shot aird whipped off again, — then came 
the routed infantry, artillery and cavalry, all mixed together, 
all on a full run, and strewing the ground with muskets and 
equipments. Then came the shouting " boys in blue," — and 
in a few minutes Pat. Birmingham came up and said, " Well, 
Charley, I'm glad to find you alive. I didn't expect it. Y/e're 
back again in the old camp, and the Johnnies are whipped all 
to pieces." 

Captain Benjamin F. Hosford was shot in the morning 
through the head, and instantly killed. His brother and 
other men of Company D carried the body about half a mile 
on the retreat, and were compelled to leave it there. At 
night it was found that the rebels bad taken a ring from his 
finger, the straps from his coat, and the shoes from his feet. 
Corporal Henry L. Vaill, of Company C, was found alive, 
stripped of everything, and so were many others. 
The next day the dead were buried, the wounded more 


tlioronghly cared for, the Morning Report Books straightened 
out, the extent of loss ascertained, and lists of casualties for- 
warded to brigade head-quarters. Company D mustered only 
nineteen muskets, and its commanding officer was Sergeant 
Hough. ^The other companies were reduced to nearly the same 
extent. The loss in officers was so great that for a few days 
there were but six officers on duty with twelve companies; 
while little short soldiers who had always been at the left end 
of the companies, suddenly found themselves corporals and 
sergeants. We remained at Cedar Creek until the 9th of 
November, when, on account of the scarcity of wood, and the 
long distance from our base at Harper's Ferry, the army was 
moved to Camp Russell, near Kearnstown, about four miles 
south of Winchester, where it remained until the 2nd of 
December. The Morning Report for November 20th showed 
three hundred and seventy-nine men and seventeen officers 
present for duty, and the regiment was recruited daily both 
in numbers and condition. Jubal occasionally came up to 
the front and barked, but there was no more bite in him. 
Thanksgiving day brought a turkey dinner and no drill, — 
two very uncommon luxuries; — and with regular mails, fair 
rations, good night rests, and stone chimneys, the army set- 
tled down in comparative comfort, the chief ingi-edient of 


which was the conviction that there w^as to be no more fight- 
ing in the Valley of the Shenandoah. And there never was. 




Now that the rebels had been thrice defeated in the Valley, 
and Lincoln re-elected, there remained neither any military 
nor political temptation for another invasion of the northern 
states. It was absolutely certain that it would not be again 
attempted ; and therefore the Sixth Corps was ordered to City 
Point again. On the 1st of December Wheaton's Division 
marched to Stephenson's Depot and took the cars for Wash- 
ington, arriving at daylight the next morning. From the 
Baltimore depot we marched straight to the river and went 
aboard. Some few, however, marched crooked. It was rather 
difficult to get horses across the plank, and still more so to 
get some of the men across. But at length it was done, and 
the division steamed down the river, — our regiment on the 
Massachusetts, Mackenzie and (Brigade) staff on the Winona, 
Wheaton and staff on the Idaho. Arriving in front of Alex- 
andria, the boats came to anchor, and lay in tantalizing sight 
of that town for twenty-four hours, — which the men considered 
a criminal waste of time. They could have done a great many 
" errands," and occupied the time usefully, or at least enjoya- 
bly, if they could have got ashore ; but it was probably feared 


tliat all would not get aboard again in time, (and they x^roba^ 
lly would not,) — therefore this Soldier's Paradise was kept at 
a distance which lent not so much enchantment as impatience 
to the yiew. On the 3d, other transports had received their 
loads and the fleet moved on — but toward what destination 
nobody knew. That information had not even been vouch- 
safed to regimental commanders ; and Lieut. Colonel Hubbard 
was in the same boat T\ his men, both literally and figura- 
tively. Ox^inion was divided between Wilmington and City 
Point, with the odds in favor of the latter place ; and many 
were on the watch when we were ofi Fortress Monroe, to 
decide the point. Suddenly the tiller was put hard to star- 
board, and the question was settled. It icm City Point. 

We landed on the 4th, encamped over night a mile from the 
Landing, and the next morning took the cars on '• Grant's 
Railroad " for Parke Station. And where, pray, was '• Parke 
Station ? " There was no such town in this region last July, 
and there is no such town on the maj) of Virginia. Perhaps 
not ; but there was such a place on Grant's Railroad, and an 
immense freight and passenger business was done there too. 
It was on almost the very spot where we had skirmished, and 
buried Colt of F Company and Hyatt of K Company on the 
22d of last June. Then, it was an unbroken forest. Now, 
hundreds of acres were cleared, and dotted with camps. A 
corduroy road ran by, and a telegraph, and Grant's Railroad. 
Ko other such railroad was ever seen before, or ever will be 
again. It was laid right on the top of the ground, without 
any attempt at grading, and you might see the engine and 
the rear car of a long train, while the middle of the train 
would be in a vaUey, completely out of sight. Having reached 
Parke Station, we moved to a camp near Battery Number 


Twenty-Seven, and went into the snug and elegant little 
log lioiises just vacated by tlie Ninety-Fom th New York, who 
"were about starting with their corps, (the Fifth) and part of 
the Second Corps, on a movement toward the left for the pur- 
pose of destroying more of the Welden Railroad. This was a 
new kind of situation for the " Second Heavies.-' The idea of 
being behind iDermanent and powerful breastworks, defended 
by abbattis, ditches and what not, with approaches so difficult 
that ten men could hold five hundred at bay, was so novel that 
the men actually felt as if there must be some mistake, and 
that they had got into the wrong place. 

On the afternoon of the 9th, the First and Third Divisions 
of the Sixth Corj^s were marched to the left, beyond the 
permanent lines, and off in the direction of the Weldon Rail- 
road, to prevent any attack on the Fifth and Second Corps, 
now returning from their expedition. After going about six 
miles we halted for the night, in a piece of woods. It was 
bitter cold when we left camp, but soon began to moderate, 
then to rain, then to sleet ; — so that by the time we halted, 
every thing was covered with ice, with snow two inches deep 
on the ground, and still sifting down through the pines. It 
was the work of an hour to get fires gomg, — but at last they 
began to take hold, and fuel was j)iled on as though it did not 
cost any thing. Clouds of steam rolled out of the soaked gar- 
ments of the men, as they stood huddled around the roaring, 
crackling piles, — and the black night and ghostly woods were 
lighted up in a style most wonderful. It was a gi'ander pic- 
ture than Leutze or Bierstadt ever conceived. And the price 
of admission was verj reasonable indeed, — only fifteen dollars 
a month, and refi'eshments thrown in. The storm continued 
all night, and many a man waked up next morning to find 


liis legs firmly packed in new-fallen snow. And yet, sleep 
was sweeter there 

Than in the perfumed chambers of the great, 

Under the canopies of costly state, 

And lulled with sounds of sweetest melody; — 

for wearirvess is what gives sleep its finest flavor. At daylight 
orders came to pack up and be ready to move at once ; which 
was a difficult order to execute, on account of many things, 
especially the shelter tents; — lor they were as rigid as sheet- 
iron, and yet had to be rolled up and strapped on the knap- 
sacks. Nevertheless, it was not long before the regiment was 
in motion ; and after plodding off for a mile to the left, a line 
of battle was formed, vedettes sent out, trees felled and breast- 
works built, and at dinner time the men were allowed to build 
fires and cook breakfast. Then after standing until almost 
night in the snow, which had now turned to slmh, the column 
was headed liomeward. Upon arriving, it M^as discovered 
that some of the Jersey Brigade had taken possession of our 
log snuggeries, and that their officers had established their 
heels upon the mantels in our oflicers' quarters, and were 
smoking, the pipes of comfort and complacency, as though 
they had not a trouble in the world, and never expected to 
have. But they soon found that possession is not nme points 
of milUary law, by any means. An order from Division Head- 
quarters soon sent them profanely packing, — and the Second 
Heavies occupied. 

From this time until the 6th of February, the regiment had 
no fighting to do, and no very startling experiences of any 
kind. Some mention, however, of the more noteworthy occur- 
rences of this 23eriod will be acceptable, at least to niv soldier 


readers ; and it m^U perhaps be well to transcribe them direct 
from some of the diaries in my possession. The following 
entries are copied, mostly without alteration, from the diaries 
of several officers and men, besides my own. 

Dec. 11. Twenty-nine convalescents retm*ned. 

Dec. 12. Fifty convalescents returned. 

Dec. 13. Captain A. H. Fenn returned and reported for 
duty, although it is not seven weeks since he lost his- arm at 
Cedar Creek. What has become of the adjutant's desk ? It 
was turned over to the quarter-master at Camp Kussell, but 
does not come.* 

Dec. 14. Good deal of anxiety in camp about Sherman's 
march coastward. A Richmond minister told his congrega- 
tion last Sunday that God had a hook in Sherman's nose, and 
was leading him to destruction. Nous veiTons. 

Dec. 15. We now have to furnish four officers and one 
hundred and twenty-live men daily for picket. They are 
posted out l)y the rebel lead mines. They frequently see the 
Johnnies and talk with them. 

Dec. IG. Heavy cannonading. Sergeant Soule and squad 
of carpenters detailed for duty at Division Head-quarters^ 
They will fix things up gorgeous. This is the regiment they 
have to apply to when they want things done nice. 

Dec. 18. One hundred guns from Fort Sedgwick in honor 
of Thomas' victory over Hood. They must enjoy the salute 
in Petersburg. 

Dec. 21. Rain played lullaby on the tent all last night. 

*It never did come. The loss was a great misfortune, for it con- 
tained many regimental documents that would have been of great 
value in preparing this history.. 


Quarters* well ventilated this morning, because rain wasliecl 
mud off logs. Put it on again. Plenty of water to mix mor- 
tar with. Kelley, McKinney, Tuttle, Twiss and Jo. Fenn 
mustered as First Lieutenants by Captain Tyler, Commissary 
of Musters. 

Dec. 23. Went clear up to Hancock's Station, via corduroy, 
to have a brigade drill under Mackenzie. 

Dec. 26. Sherman i^resents Lincoln, w^ith a X-mas giit 
of Savannah, one hundred and fifty guns, and twenty five 
thousand bales cotton. Much rejoicing thereat. Story afloat 
that Lee is going to do somethmg surprising on New -Years' 

Dec. 21. Muster day. Very busy with the pesky rolls. 
Captain Marsh's rolls first in, of course. 

18 65. 

Jac. 1. Gad Smith and John "Wheeler returned. 

Jan. 2. Wheeler mustered as First Lieutenant, and goes on 
Brigade Staff, as A. A. A. G., vice Ed. Hubbard, who is dis- 
charged and goes home. 

* The quarters were pine log houses, about six by seven feet, ar- 
ranged in regular order, like a camp of canvas tents. The cracks 
between the logs were plastered with the clay which was found on 
the spot. A hard rain would wash it o3, but it was not a very great 
task to put it on again. It was only necessary to dig a hole in the 
ground, about as large as a half-bushel, pour in water, stir it up, and 
daub it on with a pudding stick. The interiors of some of the houses 
were elegantly papered with Harper's Weeklies, Frank Leslies, and 
such like sheets, which, being added to every few days, at length 
made almost as warm a dwelling as one of brick or lumber. The fire 
places and chimneys were first built up by a framcAvork ot sticks, 
which were filled with mud. Then, when a fire was built, the sticks 
would bum away, and leave the clay standing. The houses had no 
roofs except the shelter tents that belonged to the occupants ; and 
when a regiment left a camp, either for good or for tv.euty-four 
hours, thej of course had to unroof their houses. 



Jan. 3. Eight Companies on fatigue duty. News received 
of Butler's fizzle at Wilmington. 

Jan. 4. Three inches snow. Good many men sit by their 
fires all night because too cold to sleep. 

Jan. 5. Muddy. New Springfields came to take the place 
of Enfields. Farewell, old Enfields ! Every one of you could 
tell thrilling- tales if you could speak. And you can speak 1 

Jan. 6. All our Division moved down corduroy, a mile to 
left, and formed square to witness execution of Peter McCox, 
deserter from Company A, Fourth New Jersey, First Brigade, 
First Division, Sixth Corps. Stood "in place rest" an hour, 
waiting. Prisoner unable to walk — brought clear round the 
square in ambulance, preceded by band playing Dead March 
in Saul. Cofiin placed on the ground in front of open grave. 
Prisoner seated on foot of cofiin. Proceedings, findings and 
sentence of Court Martial read in front of each regiment. 
Prisoner blindfolded, and firing party of twelve men drawn 
up in front, in single rank, about twenty paces off. Captain 
of Provost Guard gave the order "Fire! '' Good many men 
turned away their heads. Prisoner fell back and off on the 
ground, leaving one leg on the cofl^in. Division then wheeled 
into column by companies, marched by the cofiin, and then 

Jan. 7. Inspection. Mackenzie appeared in stars. Clean- 
est man in each regiment to go to Division Head-quarters, to 
compete for a tw^enty days' furlough. One man from each of 
B, D, K, E and M Companies sent to Brigade flead-quarters. 
Sam. Terrell the lucky man, out of the v>^hole division. 

Jan, 9. Ilebels made charge on Third Division picket line, 
a little to our left. Promptly met and defeated. Caused no 
disturbance in camjj. 


Jan. 10. Suowdy returned. Our dailj^ picket detail is now 
five officers and one hundred and five men. Pretty rough. 
Makes a man's turn come pretty often. 

Jan. 11. Got eighteen potatoes from iJrigade Commissary. 
Major Jeffrey Skinner apiDointed to command the Sixty-Fifth 
New York, while Colonel Fisk is absent on leave. 

Jan. 12. Noisy picket firing. Curtis made regimental Ord- 
nance Officer. Captain Cleveland Ordnance Officer on Whea- 
ton's staff. 

Jan. 14. Picket firing in our front. 

Jan. 15. Commenced to have brigade guard-mounting. 
General Mackenzie rode over to Inspection on his Kankeen, 
in that new gawky hat, and inspected the regiment at a sup- 
port. Kiram Buttolpli, of Company G, sent to Division Head- 
quarters, and got the Division furlough. General Wheaton 
said he was the handsomest soldier he ever saw. Cleveland 
and Fenn are Majors. 

Jan. 1(5. Received four hundred and eighty-nine sets of 
" Mann's Patent Accoutrements." Boys don't like 'em. Call 
'em "belly trunks." Company F is at Fort McMahou, 

Jan. 17. Salute of one hundred guns for Terry's capture of 
Fort Fisher and twelve hundred prisoners. Captain Wood- 
man made A. A. A. G., and Johnny Wheeler A. A. D. C. 

Jan. 18. Lieutenant Oscar Piatt discharged. Al). Dun- 
ham and 3Ir. Dewell arrived. Their goods are at City Point, 
awaiting transportation. Thirty-eight convalescents and sub- 
stitutes arrived in evening. 

Jan. 20. Mackenzie on fifteen days' leave. Lieut. Colonel 
Olcott, One Hundred and Twenty-First New York, commands 
brigade. Lieut. Colonel Skinner returned to regiment. 

Jan. 22. In the evening went with Captain Marsh and 


Cliaplain to Major Jones' quarters to hear a large discussion 
on the resurrection. Later, went over to Captain Marsh's and 
talked of war, love, and the kindred destructive arts.* 

Jan. 23. Large loit of deserters came in on the left. They 
come thicker since the fall of Fort Fisher, Charleston and 
Savannah. Wonder what is going on at the right ; — furious 
cannonading, — heaviest we ever heard; fairly shook the earth. 

Jan. 24. It was the battle of the monitors. Rebels tried to 
take City Point. We should have been in a pretty fix if they 
had succeeded ! Inspection. Grannis (of D Company) sent to 
Brigade Head-quarters as cleanest man, but Olcott villainously 
threw him out, and sent a One Hundred and Twenty-First 
man to Division Head-quarters. 

Jan. 26. Hubbard mustered as Colonel and relieves Olcott 
in command of Brigade. Skinner mustered as Lieut. Colonel, 
and commands regiment. 

Jan. 29. Inspection. Zelotes Grannis got it this time. 
Iselton of H, Dugette of L, Atwood of A, and a B man also 
received furloughs. 

Feb. 1. Orders received at three a. m. to be ready to move 
at a moment's notice. Ed. Sedgwick mustered as Second 
Lieutenant of Company C. Somebody checkmated. 

Feb. 2. James W. Dixon, son of Senator Dixon, has been 
kindly given to the regiment, and mustered into a vacant 
Lieutenancy, to serve on the staff of General Wright. General 
Wright must have a poor opinion of his corps, if he cannot by 
this time find timber in it good enough to make Aides de 
Camp of without going to Connecticut. There are plenty of 
men in this regiment yet uncommissioned, and yet unkilled, 
as respectable, as able, and x'robaUy as brave, as can be found 

* Curtis' diary. (Of course.) 


anwliere, — and they deem it rather shabby treatment, after 
they have marched through fire and blood for months, after 
many of them have been jDcrforated with rebel bullets, and are 
now on duty with scarcely healed wounds, for General Wright 
to fill a vacancy in the Second Connecticut by the "donation" 
(that is what they call it) of a boy who has remained with his 
mother all through the war, until the fighting is all over, and 
the whole world knows that the rebellion is in the article of 
death. But then, you know, his father has been of enormous 
service to the country. Soldiers must take what they can get. 
They must put their heels together, keep their eyes to the 
front, and ask no questions. If I ever get home with a whole 
cuticle, I will be grateful evermore. 

Feb. 4. Brisk firing on right. Officers' recitation at Brig- 
ade Head-quarters two evenings per week. 

On the morning of February 5th, we had orders to be in 
readiness to move with four days' rations, leaving our pickets 
out, and leaving the minhnum force necessary to hold the 
lines. Companies A, K, and portions of H and E were 
detailed to remain, (which was not an unpleasant '• detail.") 
The Fifth Corps was fighting on the left, in the vicinity of 
Hatcher's Run, and it was guessed (and truly) that we were 
to go in that direction. After remaining in readiness until 
four o'clock in the afternoon, the First Division moved off to 
the left, and after going about five miles, bivouacked for the 
night. It was bitter cold sleeping that night, — so cold that 
hall of the men stood or sat around fires all night. In the 
morning the movement was continued, and the day* was 
mostly consumed in maneuvering. We were there for the 

* February 6. 


purpose of protecting the left flank of the Fifth Corps, which 
had been fighting all day. A little before sundown we crossed 
Hatcher's Run, and moved by the flank directly into a piece 
of woods, the Second Brigade, under Hubbard, leading the 
division, and the Second Connecticut, under Skinner, leading 
the brigade. Wounded men were being brought by to the 
rear, and the noise just ahead told of mischief there. As the 
brigade was moving into the woods, staft' officers came riding 
along the column with the order " Load your pieces, load your 
pieces without halting." Colonel Hubbard filed to the left at the 
head of the column, along a slight ridge, and about half the reg- 
iment had filed, when troops of the Fifth Corps came running 
through to the rear, and at the same moment General Whea- 
ton rode up with, " Oblique to the left, oblique to the left ! " 
and making energetic gestures toward the rise of ground. The 
ridge was quickly gained, and fire opened just in time to head 
off a counter fire and charge that was already in progress ; but 
between the " file left '' and the " left oblique," and the break- 
ing of our ranks by troops retreating from in front, and the 
vines and underbrush (which were so thick that they unhorsed 
some of the staff officers,) there was a good deal of confusion, 
and the line soon fell back, about ten rods, where it was re- 
formed, and a vigorous fire poured — somewhat at random — a 
little to the left of our first position. The attempt of the 
enemy to get in on the left of the Fifth Corps was frustrated. 
Our casualties were six wounded, (some of them probably by 
our own men,) and one missing. The position was occupied 
that night and the next day, until about sundown, when the 
brigade shifted some distance to the right and again advanced, 
under an artillery fire, to within a short distance of the rebel 
batteries, and built breastworks. One shot on this occasion 


was 2)articularly memorable. The regiment was moving across 
a cleared lield, by the flunk, when a solid shot came through 
the woods from directly in front, and passed the column ap- 
parently so near as to singe the left ears of the whole line. If 
it had come ten feet farther tovv-ard the right it might have 
"flanked" the entire regiment and cut a swath from one end 
to the other. The rebel picket shots whistled overhead all 
the time the breastworks were building, but mostly too high 
to hurt anything but the trees. At midnight the division 
moved back to quarters, arriving at sunrise. Again we found 
our domiciles api)ropriated, this time by a regiment of en- 
gineers, — but out they went, and in went we; and having 
taken a ration of whiskey, which had been ordered by Grant, 
or somebody else, in consideration of three nights and two 
days on the bare ground, in February, together with some 
fighting, and a good deal of hard marching, and hard work, — 
the men lay down to sleep as the sun rose up, and did not rise 
up until the sun went down. And now having disposed of 
the fight at Hatcher's Run, let us return for a while to our 
Diaries. These Diaries set forth the thing in its true light, 
and afibrd a far more correct idea of army life than can be 
otherwise obtained, except by experience. 

Feb. 8. In; the evening moved a mile to the riglit and 
bivouacked in the woods. Cold night. Kept warm by large 
fijres, and didn't spare fuel. 

Feb. 9. Moved to a new camp near "Warren's Station, 
about a mile to left of Parke Station. Relieved One Hundred 
and Tenth Ohio and Sixty-Seventh Pennsylvania of the Third 
Division, who moved leftward. Snug loggeries. Boys soon 
got their cloth roofs on. Our camp is just west of the Weldoa 


Railroad Track, and within a stone's throw of Grant's Rail- 
road. Big frame Look-out a mile to left, near Fort Fisher. 

Feb. 10. Ten convalescents arrived. 

Feb. 12. White gloves on inspection. (Immensely con- 
ducive to the suppression of the rebellion, especially when the 
expense comes out of the pockets of private soldiers, and 
officers get promotions on the strength ot "the superb appear- 
ance of the troops." What business have private soldiers 
with money, anyhow?) Four officers and one hundred men 
on picket now-a-days. Hubbard blew up Marsh, and Marsh 
tendered resignation. 

Feb. 14. Order from Brigade Head-quarters directing Com- 
manding Officer Second Connecticut Volunteer Artillery to 
account for serious discrepancy between tri-monthly report 
and requisition for rations. How particular some folks are ! 
Commanding Officer Second Connecticut Volunteer Artillery 
pitches into Commandants of Companies, Commandants of 
Companies pitch into First Sergeants and Q. M. Sergeants, 
First Sergeants and Q. M. Sergeants pitch into Corporals, and 
so on all through *Hhe regular military channel," down to 
cooks and niggers. 

Feb. 17. Wheaton on leave. Mackenzie in command of 

Feb. 18. Hubbard corps officer of the day. Forty deserters 
have come in on Sixth Corps front during his tour of forty- 
eight hours. Not an unusually large number. No night passes 
without more or less of them. Hope Grant wont move this 
army. If we stay here, the Johnnies will all come over before 
the 4th of July. 

Feb. 19. Inspection, Dwyer, (D) cleanest man in the di- 
vision, and gets the fui'lough. 


Feb. 20. Noisy night on picket. Lieutenant Lucas came 
in for a detail of men to bring in the muskets and equipments 
of a large lot of deserters. Twenty-nine of them came in and 
gave themselves up to our regimental pickets. 

Feb. 21. One hundred gun salute for fall of Charleston and 
capture of two hundred guns. Nails thirty-five cent-s per 
pound at sutler 's. 

Feb. 22. Company F relieved from Fort McMahon. Ru- 
mors of an attack to be made between here and Fort Howard, 
II the attack comes off, the ordei's are for our troops to retreat 
and let the enemy get clear in. Orders to sleep all the time 
with clothes on and everything packed, ready to be ofi in 
three minutes, 

Feb. 23. Formed at breastwork at 4 a. m. in mud and rain. 
Stood there until 7 o'clock, without any umbrellas. There is 
but one umbrella in the Army of the Potomac, and that is not 
in our division. Captain Gold discharged yesterday, but 
wont go, because it looks like a fight, and he wants to make 
observations, for future reference. Five Frenchmen trans- 
ferred from Company E to Seventh Connecticut Volunteers. 
They speaked no English, and so got into the wrong regi- 

Feb. 24. One hundred gun salute for fall of Fort Anderson. 
Ninth Corps oj^ened all their guns in evening. Rebels replied. 

Feb. 28. Deserter came in and reported that it is reported 
that Beauregard and Hardee have mopped out Sherman. 

March 3. Five deserters came in on our regimental front, 
and brought us yesterday's Richmond "Examiner.'' VTe often 
get our latest New York news in this way. A six mule team, 
wagon and several Johnnies came in to day. They were out 


on neutral ground gatliering wood, and suddenly the Joimnies 
got the team headed for our lines, then jumped in. shipped 
up the mules and came in " kiting."' Tlie rebels fired airer 
them, ijut they lay down in the wagon. They took the mules 
to Meade's Head-quarters, and got pay for them. Pretty good 

March 4. Order read on Dress Parade informino: Ime ofii- 
cers that they are diminutive potatoes compared with forsaer 
oflScers of the reo;iment. The conmianding officer trusts that 
he will not have occasion to abuse them in this wa^^ again, 
<S:c., etc., which it is to be devoutly hoped he wont. Great 
liellabelloo among line officers. Several of them rery busy 
writing up their resignations. Gad Smith ugly. Coe put 
under arrest. 

March 5. Pa}Tnaster Gribben paid tlie regiment. What 
large Companies ! Inspection, Charles Isdton was the clean- 
est man, but by mistake Corporal Hall, of R, was forwarded 
fiom Brigade Head-quarters^ and thrown out because he was 
a Corporal. So the Second Heavies lost the furlough this 
time. Captain Gad returned from General Court Martial to- 
dav, and we celebrated it bv a "go round"' of the oria;inal 
suljjhuric attitude. Cooper squelped me over the head, and I 
knocked him about the mazzard.* Comj^any D gave fitteen 
dollars for the Sedgwick ^^lonument, and Company M thirty- 
three dollars. 

March 9. General 3Icade*s daughter was married in the 
rustic church and play-house, built by engineer regiment near 
our elivision hospital. Have we a woman among us ? 

March 11. Two years and six months to-day since leaving 
Camp Dutton. Oh Lord, how much longer ? Doctor Andrews 

* ^'s diary. 


returned to duty with regiment, relieving Lambert of Sixty- 
Fifth New York. 

March 12. Inspection. Iselton gets it this time. Wonder 
"what the other regiments in this division think, when we 
get it every week ? Either we are very clean, or they very 

March 14. G. M. Woodruff and Mr. Perkins arrived and 
took the vote of the regiment for state election. A large 
majority went for Buckingham. Captain Deane arrived. 
First time he has been on duty since Cold Harbor. Ugly hole 
in his forehead. 

March 17. Formed behind the breastwork to repel an ex- 
pected assault. It came not. 

March 17. Saint Patrick's day celebrated by horse race af 
Second Corps Head-quarters. Mackenzie relieved by Hamblin 
and ordered to a Cavalry command in the Army of the James. 
He takes Fenn and Wheeler along. 

March 18. Army theatricals in the Engineers' church every 
night except when there are religious services. 

ISIarch 19. Inspection. Hamlin calls our muskets " mira- 
cles." Ira Jones, (H,) goes to Division Head-quarters as 
cleanest man. 

March 20. Division reviewed by General Meade and Rear 
Admiral D. D. Porter. Hot as July. Stood " in place rest " 
for an hour, waiting. Many fell out, sun-struck. 

March 21. No more leaves or furloughs to be granted. 
Dunham appointed Brigade Purveyor, vice Tibbs and Miller, 

discharged. Deane detailed as A. A. I. G., vice Fenn. 




It was now tlie 34th of March. The weather was fast im- 
proving, and signs of coming gi*eat events multiplied. No 
positive orders of a very important nature had been received; 
but the discontinuing of fiurloughs plainly meant something 
in the aggressive line, while the condition of things on the 
other side, as revealed by the tattered and cadaverous de- 
serters who now came over to us not only in the night but 
also in broad daylight, made it evident that Lee must do 
something of dreadful note, or else give over the contest. 
What would be the particular manner of his coup was a ques- 
tion much discussed, but not settled until the coup occurred. 
Very early on the morning of March 25th, after a noisy night 
all along the picket line, heavy firing was heard on the right ; 
but there was nothing uncommon about that, and little notice 
was taken of it, until orders came fiom Brigade Head-quarters 
to "move out instantly." Shortly after, General Hamblin 
arrived, to expedite matters, and in a few minutes the brigade 
was on the corduroy, moving rapidly to the right; — which 
was, of itself, quite a noteworthy circumstance, — for we usually 
went to the left, when mischief was brewing. " Oh, we shan't 
get into a fight," said the men, — " we always have to go the 

SEAYY ARtiLLEllY. 149 

otlier way, to find our fighting." These remarks were of 
course made in a partially jocular vein ; but they were, never- 
theless, entirely true. Indeed, that very day proved both parts 
of the proposition, viz., first, that the Second Connecticut 
never fought to the right, and, secondly, always did fight to 
the left. 

The firing subsided after we had gone a mile or so, but 
there was much moving of troops, and evidently something 
the matter ahead. The rebel batteries had range on portions 
of the column and fired at us as we were on the corduroy, 
dropping several shots only a few feet away. One struck 
within a rod of our regiment, splashing into a small puddle of 
water and burying itself in the earth directly under a soldier 
of the division, who was sitting on the ground and fixing his 
shoes. He did not stir for a second or two, — but then, pick- 
ing up his musket and shoe, he started on a half dozen double 
quicks, and it is to this day a mooted question with our men 
whether that man has stopped running yet. After moving a 
little further, a staff officer rode up with the information that 
the rebels had surprised and captured Fort Stedman, on the 
Ninth Corps front, and a quarter of a mile of breastworks, in- 
cluding three batteries, — but that they had been retaken, 
together with eighteen hundred prisoners; — and that therefore 
our assistance would not be required. 

This, then, was the rebel spasm that had been looked for. 
It was Lee's last desperate attempt to throw the giant that was 
crushing the breath out of the Confederacy. He had massed 
thousands of men, (Greeley says twenty thousand,) on Hare 
Hill, directly opposite, to supjDort the attack, and immediately 
follow it up if successful. It was successful. The rebel works 
were only six hundred feet from Fort Stedman. The move- 


ment was so well executed that two thousand rel^els were in 
our works, and had our guns turned upon our own lines 
before there was any show of resistance ; — and if the attack 
had been followed up, it would have cut almost the entire 
Army of the Potomac from its base at City Point, and might 
have utterly annihilated Grant and his princi^^al army. "Why 
was it not followed up ? Here,* as at Cedar Creek, the most 
difficult part of a most hazardous undertaking was accom- 
plished, when lo! the easily gotten victory was still more 
easily plucked from rebel hands. 

Mr. Pollard, the entertaining historian of the Lost Cause, in 
speaking of Confederate disasters, says that "■ instead of being 
ascribed to the mysterious dispensations of Providence, they 
are more properly named as the results of human mismanage- 
ment, — and may be distinctly and sufficiently traced to human 
causes." Mr. Pollai-d seems to believe that if he had been at 
the Confederate helm, he could have guided and propelled the 

* The Confederates occupied their breastworks for a distance of a 
quarter of a mile, with comparatively a slight loss and with the loss 
to the enemy of one principal fort (Steadman), and some five hundred 
prisoners. Had this opportunity been taken advantage of, there is no 
telling the result ; but the troops could not be induced to leave the 
breastAVorks taken from the enemy, and to advance beyond them and 
seize the crest in rear ol the line they had occupied. They hugged 
the works in disorder until the enemy recovered from his surprise ; 
and soon the artillery in the forts to the right and left began their 
murderous fire on them. When fresh troops were brought up by 
the enemy, their advance was almost unresisted, and an easy recap- 
ture of the fort was obtained, the Contederates retiring under a severe 
fire into their old works. Nearly two thousand men took shelter 
"under the breastworks they had captured, and surrendered when the 
enemy advanced, and the result was a Confederate loss much greater 
than that of the foe. This affair demonstrated to all that the day of 
offensive movements on the part of the Confederates was gone. — 
Pollard's Lost Cause. 


ship against every adverse wind tliat Providence coukl bring 
to bear. Suppose he could ; — was there not a Providence that 
persisted in keeping him away from tlie helm ? We wlio do not 
hold Virginia Slavery and the Slavehol<lers' Rebellion to have 
been causes that merited the Divine favor, find no difficulty in 
ascribing the failure at Fort Stedman, the failure at Cedar 
Creek, the failure of Early to capture Washington, the failure 
of the rebel gunboats to take City Point, the failure of England 
and France to recognize the Confederacy, the failure of the 
draft riots instigated by Horatio Seymour in New York, the 
failure to burn New York city, the total failure of Kcbeilion 
and Slavery together, — to the direct providence of Him of 
whom it is written, — " He shall break in pieces the oppressor : 
his enemies shall lick the dust." 

After a rest of half an hour, and a look at the eighteen 
hundred prisoners at the Ninth Corps Head-quarters, the 
division took the corduroy again and moved homeward. But 
instead of going into camp, there was an ominous halt of a 
few minutes in rear of our quarters, and then the march was 
continued toward the left, where a brisk artillery fire was go- 
ing on. Grant knew that the massing of troops for the assault 
at Fort Stedman must have left the rebel lines with little or 
no protection in some places, and he resolved at once to Inid 
the weak spots. Accordingly, an advance was ordered in 
front of Fort Fisher, near the tall frame Lookout, about a 
mile to the left of Warren's Station, Our troops were posted 
under cover during nearly all the afternoon, Avliile the large 
guns threvv' shot and shell at each other over our heads. At 
length a train of amljulances moved up from the right, and 
halted just in rear of the division. There was no niistaking 
that symptom. 


The sun liad already begun to grow large and red with its 
nearness to the western horizon when the brigade was moved 
down in front, within twenty rods of the rebel picket line, and 
halted behind a sliglit rise of ground, just high enough to 
intercept their tire. After standing there for some ten min- 
utes, waiting for orders, Colonel Hubbard rode slowly along 
to the right flank of his line, and said in a low tone to the 
writer, "If they don't put us in soon, we shan't have much 
fighting to night.'' After he had gone back. Sergeant Major 
E. Goodwin Osborne stepped up and asked what the Colonel 
said, and was informed. " There is time enough yet," he 
replied, in a low foreboding tone. The parting sunset 
ray had not vanished before his lifeless form was borne on a 
rubber blanket toward the rear, across the very spot where he 
had uttered these prophetic words. 

The fire from our batteries suddenly ceased. General Hnm- 
blin rode up to Hubbard and said, " Colonel, move directly 
forward. Conform your movement to the Second Division, on 
your left." The front line, consisting of the Second Connecti- 
cut and the Sixty-Fifth New York, advanced on the rifle pits 
as steadily as though on a battalion drill, while the rest of the 
brigade followed in a second line. There seems to have been 
a vacant space in their line of rifle pits, — or else the Second 
Division, and the greater part of our ])rigade, must have 
entirely flanked their pickets on the left. At any rate, the 
only part of our regiment that went over any rifle pits was the 
extreme right, — perhaps one or two companies. When we 
were within fifty feet of them the rebels jumped over in front, 
threw down their muskets, threw uy> their arms, and yelled, 
" Don't shoot, don't shoot I " and then passed through to the 
rear in large numbers, as fast as they could move. The right 


flank was a little demoralized by its success in taking these 
rifle pits, and by the fire which came from the pits farther to 
the right, Which the enemy still held ; — nevertlieless, the regi- 
ment moved on, acnjss a swampy rim, then over ascendini^ 
ground, among stumps and scru1:> oaks, for twenty or thirty 
rods, and there halted and hiy dov\-n. This distance was all 
traversed under a combined artillery and musket fire, the 
former coining from a battery about halt a mile to the right 
and front, which was very efl'ectively served. It apparently 
had tliree guns in use ; and the air was Uue Avith the little 
cast-iron balls from spherical-case-shot which shaved the 
ground and exploded among the stumps just in rear of the 
line, at intervals of only a few seconds. Probably the musket 
fire came entirely fiom the enemy's pickets, who still re- 
mained on the right. Twenty of the Second Connecticut were 
wounded, — seven of them mortally, — in reaching, occupying 
and abandoning this position, which, proving entirely un- 
tenable, was held only a few minutes. The line faced about 
and moved back, under the same mixed fire of solid shot, 
spherical-case and musketry, across the swampy run, and 
halted not far in front of the spot whence it had first moved 
forward. Other troops, on the right, now engaged the bat- 
tery, and captured the rest of the picket line; and alter half 
an hrjur the brigade again moved forward to a position still 
further advanced than the previous one, where a permanent 
picket line was established. Thus ended the eventful 25th of 
March. Its dawn ushered in the surprising attack on Fort 
Stedman, and its close found miles of the rebel picket lines in 
our possession, thousands of prisoners in our hands, and the 
grip of the Union armies upon Petersburg greatly tightened. 
At midnight the brigade returned to camp, leaving a strong 


picket. TliC picket detail from our own regiment, which had 
been on duty ail day in front of our own camp, had its share 
in the work and success of the day, — occupying the rebel rifle 
pits that night, and capturing more than their number in 

The Fort Fisher picket was relieved about noon of the next 
day, and returned to camp. All hands were compelled to 
come out on inspection and dress-parade that afternoon ; and 
immediately afterward a detail of one hundred and fifty men 
relieved our regular pickets in front, who had been out since 
the morning before, i. e., thirty-six hours. At midnight a 
working party was also sent out to move forward our picket 
abattis to the new line. At three o'clock on the morning of 
the 27th, mounted Orderly Keith came with orders to have 
the regiment fall in at four, and stand by the breastworks. 
Lively firing was going on all along, but nothing momentous 
occui'red, and at sunrise the line broke ranks, and fell to cook- 
ing coifee. The experience of the regiment for the next six 
days cannot be set forth in a more readable manner than as it 
stands recorded in the spicy diary of Lieutenant Homer S. 
Curtis, who became Acting Adjutant after the aliair at Fort 
Fisher, although still retained as Ordnance Onicer. 

March 27. Brisk skirmish and a charge just before light on 
2nd Div. picket line. Some movement near the Look-out to- 
day that looked like a charge— but none came off. Picket 
firing all day. Our picket not relieved. Got 4000 E. B. Car- 
tridges from Div. Ord, Officer. Charley Goslee runs the Acljt s 
Dept. pretty much. Capt. Woodman, (A. A. A. G.) ordered 
detail of 5 officers and 200 men for night fatigue. Batt. drill 
1 hour p. m. 

3Iarch 2S. Springlike, hazy, fair. Fatigue detail came 


into camp at 3 a. m., and the entire force was called up 
and got under arms at 4. Some officers not very punctual. 
Tuttle, Fenn, &c., got rats from the Col. We stood till sun- 
rise, and returned to quarters. Very funny, especially for 
the boys that have not had any sleep in 3 nights. Plenty 
of swearing. I went over to brigade guard mount — and made 
a bull of it considerable. Johnnv a verv showv Sers'eant 
Major, but just a bit careless or so. Parts of Sheridan's Cav- 
alry — 24th and 25th Corps, moving by to the left. Good 
news. Occupation of Goldsboro by Sherman, and junction of 
Terry, Schofield and Sherman, Our loss on the 25th is found 
to have been 500, — reb. loss 6000. 

March 29. Orderly came from Brig. Hdqrs. at 1 a. m., with 
orders for detail of 5 officers and 200 men for reserve picket, 
and orders for regt. to be under arms from 4 o'c till sunrise, 
I got up and made the details, and had just lain down when 
Maj. Fenn came riding up and ordered the regt. out instanter. 
So vre got out and stood in line until broad daylight. Cap. 
Redway B. Of. of Day. A^'ery quiet all along the lines through 
the day. Troops and trains moving to left all day. Gen. 
Mackenzie with his Cavalry Corps, 2000 strong, went by. 
Johnny Wheeler called at B. Hdqrs. We were ordered and 
re-ordered to pack up and be all ready to move — but staid the 
day out in camp finally. Tremendous cannonade after taps, 
eve"g. We hustled out into line double quick — stood an hour 
or so — then went in. 

March 30, Got out about .5 o"c a. m., and stood in line 
about an hour, in a right smart of rain. Post guard-mount. 
Swept out huttie, built fire and took a doze. The Adjt's tent is 
a leaky old concern, and so cribbed up that one cannot movo 
at all. Col. H. says we are to make a charge at daylight. 


March 31. Rained all last night, and until 10 a. m. Orders 
came at 11 o"c last night to pack up everything, shelters and 
all, for a march. This was accomplished in a few minutes, 
and we stood ready to form line some time — when Capt. Gor- 
don came over to advise us that the movement was tempora- 
rily suspended, and that the men might lie down to sleep, but 
not unpack knapsacks. Got orders, soon alter, for picket 
detail of 4 officers and 147 men. Also to form line at 3 o'c 
a. m. We got out and stood shivering in the rain until day- 
light, when we went in and jDut up canvas. Heavy firing on 
left ail a. m. At 2 p. m. orders came to pack up everything 
all ready for a move. We go this time — sure — to see what 
the racket is down on the left. Moved out, as per order — 
formed line — stacked arms — unslung knapsacks and went 
back to qrs. to wait for orders to move, and to draw rations. 
Waited patiently until retreat — until tattoo — and then got 
orders to take in guns and packs, and sleep in clothes, all 
convenient for getting out quickly. 1000 rumors around — all 
lies of course, except the one about the strengthening of the 
reb lines in our front. Stories of the 5th Corps swinging 
across the S. S. R. Road and occupying it, besides also threat- 
ening the reb right flank. Bosh ! If there were anything in 
it we should have official despatches a plenty. Good night. 

April 1. Lovely day. We got out at 3 o'c a. m. and got 
up all the men. Sent 150 out as picket reserve — formed line 
with the remaining 3 Go's. — but soon a staff officer came over 
and ordered them out to the line. So every man but the 
guard went out. Col. Hubbard had the cam23 patrolled for 
bummers, but got only a lean haul. Cos. returned after svm- 
rise. New picket went out at 9 a. m., — 150 men, under Lucas, 
Anderson, Hoyt and Griswold. Smart firing in the morning 


on the left, but it soon died away, and it remained ver^^ quiet 
all the rest of the day. At 2 p. m. 1 rode out to new pieket 
line, which is >^ mile in advance of the old one. Found 
everything lovely — boys gay — rebs civil. Saw "Richmond 
Sentinel" of this morning — exchanged by Fenn of "G" for 
" Herald " — no news in it. We had a dress parade, and the 
day altogether has seemed like one of the old Fort dajs — but 
it cannot last long — and even as I write, the Q. M. has orders 
to pack up all his stores. 

10 o'clock p. m. Col. has just had all the Comdts, of Cos. 
up at his qrs., giving them instructions for the morrow. We 
are to move out by the left flank some time in the night, and 
form line near Fort Fisher — by brigades, in two lines. Our 
brigade is on the right of the Corps, our regt. on the right of 
the brigade, in the front line. The whole army is to charge 
simultaneously at 4 o'c in the morning, and Col. says we are 
to take Petersburg ! I am very hopeful. 

The events of the next twenty four hours justified the hope- 
fulness of Lieutenant Curtis. 

On the 1st of April, Sheridan, with cavalry and infantry, 
•won a great victory at Five Forks, over the divisions of 
Pickett and Bushrod Johnson. Mr. Pollard tells us that on 
that occasion five thousand rebels, " having got the idea that 
they were entrapped, threw down their arms, and surrendered 
themselves as prisoners." Indeed, the rebels all along the line 
seemed about this time to have " got the idea," badly, — and 
General Grant determined to strengthen their hold upon it by 
a shotted salute in honor of Sheridan's victory at Five Forks. 
It was about eleven o'clock on the evening of the 1st of April, 
and all quiet, when Bai^g ! went a gun from Fort Wads worth. 


HeaTy firing at a distance of three miles or more will not 
start soldiers from their bmiks. Every shot may destroy a 
regiment or sink a ship, — it Will not destroy their repose* 
But Fort Wadsworth was too near camp, — only fifty paces 
ofl" — and the men were constrained to look out and see the 
cannonading of which that shot was the opening gun. Vv^ater- 
loo's opening roar and Hohenlinden's far flashes were but the 
work ot pop guns in comparison with the artificial earthquakes 
that shook Petersburg and its bristling environs, and the 
lightnings which came in such quick succession that the jaws 
of darkness were not able to devour them tip. Mr. Pollard 
says of it : 

On the night of the 1st April, Grant celebrated the victory of Five 
Forks, and performed the prelude of what was yet to come by a fierce 
and continuous bombardment along his lines in front of Petersburg. 
Every piece of artillery in the thickly studded forts, batteries, and 
mortar-beds joined in the prodigious clatoour; reports, savagely, 
terrifically crashing through the narrow streets and lanes of Peters- 
burg, echoed upwards ; it appeared as if fiends of the air were en- 
gaged in a sulphurous conflict. 

At about midnight the regiment was called up and ordered 
to pack up everything. Knapsacks, however, were to be left 
behind; and to secure greater silence, canteens were to be 
worn on the right side. Six Companies and a halt fell in, 
(the rest being on picket,) and proceeded to brigade head- 
quarters, and thence to the neighborhood of Patrick's Station. 
All mounted officers were ordered to leave their horses inside 
the earthworks ; and the division moved out in front, a little. 
to the left of the Look-out. A heavy picket fire was opened; 
under cover of which the lines were formed, three or four 
deep in all except our brigade, which had only two, although 
on the riglit of the division, and our regiment (of course) in. 


the front line. The charge was expected to come off at four 
o'clock, but day began to dawn before the signal gun was 
fired. Skinner had command of the right wing of tlie bat- 
talion, Jones of the left wing. Hubbard of the whole. The 
advance was made en echelon by brigades, with a great rush 
and yell — although a part of the First Brigade, (the Jerseys,) 
broke and ran ingloriously. The advance was over precisely 
the same ground as on the 25th of March, and the firinir came 
from the same battery and breastworks, although not quite so 
heavy. Lieut. Colonel Skinner and seven enlisted men were 
wounded — none of them mortally. A shot, which, judging 
from the hole it made, was something smaller than a minnie 
ball, struck Skinner on the side, under the right arm, went 
through an overcoat, wadded blouse, and vest, pierced the 
skin and traveled seven inches on the ribs, then came out and 
sped on, and may have wounded another man, for aught that 
is known to the coutrarv. There was but little firiiis on our 
side, — but with bayonets fixed, the boys went in — not in a 
very mathematical right line, but strongly and surely. — on, 
on, until the fir.^t line was carried. Then, invigorated and 
greatly encouraged by success, they pressed on, — the opposing 
fire slackening every moment, — on, on, through the abbattis 
and ditch, up the steep bank, over the parapet, into the relel 
camp that had but just been deserted. Then, and there, the 
long tried and ever faithful soldiers of the Republic saw 
BAYLIGHT I — and such a shout as tore the concave of that 
morning sky, it were worth dying to hear. On the ground 
where so long the rebels had formed and drilled their bat- 
talions, our line was now re-formed, and then pushed on, over 
the hills and far away, — across a pike and past a telegraph, 
which was quickly cut, — then on, until at length Colonel 


Hubbard found himself and his half battalion alone on the 
Boydtown plank road. After cutting off and burning a small 
wagon train loaded with medical stores, we marched back to 
the rebel camp, where we found the remainder of our brigade 
holding the right of the captured line. The rest of the corps 
was in line two miles further to the left, where it had some 
sharp fighting. Our skirmishers took several works and guns, 
but for want of support had to relinquish them, and the 
rebels, following up their slight advantage, turned the guns 
on us. making it very uncomfortable for a few minutes, — our 
flank being quite uncovered, — wdien, suddenly, hurrah ! a 
column of reinforcements comes over the hill by Fort Fisher ! 
The rebels turn their guns in that direction, but to no pur- 
pose ; — for the Twenty-Fourth Corps marches steadily forward, 
goes into line by regiments, advances a heavy skirmish line, 
and tlien a superb line of battle, — whereupon the enemy aban- 
don their works and flee. This advance of the Twenty -Fourth 
Corps was one of the most magnificent sights our soldiers ever 
saw : it drove the rebellion before it as the hurricane drives 
dead leaves. Our men watched the charge until the line was 
a mile to the right, then moved inside of our own works, and 
rested an hour. While there, Grant, Meade and Wright rode 
up and were greeted with cheers that had in them the pro- 
phetic ring of the final and all-comprehending victory so soon 
to come. Unanimous cheers, too, they were. The regiment, 
as well as the entire army, had always liad a suflBcient number 
of croakers, v/ho, although fighting and suffering as volunteers 
on the right side, were always prophesying the ultimate suc- 
cess of the other side; — but now, the utter collapse of the 
rebellion was so near that no one could fail to see it, and the 
croakers were compelled to cheer, in spite of themselves. 


Generals, too, in this rejoicing hour, dispensed with their 
usual reticence, and seemed to think that it would not be 
prejudicial to good order and military discipline even to let 
enlisted men know what was going on "in high military 
circles."' Every private soldier in the ranks was possessed of 
the intelligence that General Grant says that Sheridan is 
coming up the South Side without opposition ; General Wright 
reports that he cannot find any forces to the left, — so General 
Grant tells him to move on Petersl^urg and " take it as soon 
as God will let him," 

The Corps followed the Second Corps — all except our brig- 
ade, which was detached and ordered to report to General 
Parke, Commanding the Ninth Corps. We marched to the 
right, by the old camp near Warren's Station, and up the 
corduroy to the rear of Fort Hell, where a rest of an hour was 
made, in a fiercely hot sun. Then the brigade advanced 
through a covered way, past Fort Hell, and out in front to the 
works that had been captured early that morning by Hart- 
ranft's Division of the Ninth Corps. There the men lay down 
in muddy trenches, among the dying and the dead, under a 
most murderous fire of sharpshooters. There had been charges 
and counter charges, — but our troops held all they had gained. 
At length the hot day gave place to chilly night, and the 
extreme change brought much sufitring. The men had flung 
away whatever was fling-away-able during the charge of thc- 
morning and the subsequent hot march, — as men always will, 
under like circumstances, — and now they found themselves 
blanketless, stockingless, overcoatless, — in cold and damp 
trenches, and compelled by the steady firing to lie still, or 
adopt a horizontal, crawling mode of locomotion, which did not 
admit of speed enough to quicken the circulation of the blood. 

1G3 SEcoi^D coifiq'ECTrcr'r 

Indeed, it was very cold. Some took the clothiug from the 
dead, and wrapped themselves in it; others, who were fortunate 
enough to procure spades, dug gopher holes, and burrowed^ 
At daylight, Colonel Fiske and the Sixty-Fifth ISfew Tork 
clambered over the huge earthwork, took possession of Fort 
Hellj opened a picket fire and lired one of the guns in the 
Fort, eliciting no reply. Just then a huge fire in the direction 
of the city, followed by several explosions, convinced our side' 
that Lee's army had indeed left. The regiment was hastily 
got together, — ninety muskets being all that could be pro- 
duced — and sent out on picket to relieve the Two Hundredth 
Pennsylvania. The picket line advanced, and meeting with 
no resistance, pushed on into the city. What regiment was 
the first to enter the city is, and probably ever \A\\ be, a 
disputed question. The Second Connecticut claims to have 
been in first, — but Colonel Hubbard had ordered the colors to 
remain behind wiien the regiment went out on the skirmish 
line— and consequently, the stars and stripes that first floated 
over captured Petersburg belonged to some other regiment. 
Colonel Hubbiird was, however, made Provost Marshal of the 
city, and for a brief while dispensed government and law in 
that capacity. But city life was not conducive to good order 
and military discipline, and the brigade shortly moved out 
and marched gaily down to the old camp, four miles away. 
After remaining there two hours, everything of a portable 
nature was packed up, a farewell leave taken of the Camp 
near Warren's Station, and the line of march taken up due 
west. The brigade now furnished a striking illustration of 
the difl'erence ))etween the marching and fighting strength of 
an army. It had come down from Petersburg to camp num- 
bering three hundred ;— -now^ nearly two thousand men, all 


of the Second Brigade, started in pursuit of the retreating 

While passing through the heaviest of the rebel works, the 
brigade met President Lincoln and Admiral Porter, under 
convoy of a squadron of cavalry, — and saluted the dear old 
Uncle, who looked pale and thin. The Corps was overtaken 
toward evening, and the night passed in bivouac. Heveille 
sounded at 3.80 the next morning, and Pack up at 5.30, — and 
after a march of about three miles, over a somewhat difierent 
countrv from that alontj Grant's Railroad — in that it was hilly 
and stonv. — a halt was made of two hours or more, durin*? 
which the official announcement of the capture of Richmond 
was made by General Hamblin, and received with almost in- 
terminable shoutings, and a crashing of brass bands the like of 
which was never heard before. Rebel Generals and staff 
officers, a^d squads of greybacks were brought in all through 
the day. Soon after noon the column was again put in mo- 
tion, and after a heavy march through the swamps, went into 
camp at eight in the evening. During this afternoon our 
regiment passed the body of a negro whose throat had been 
cut by the rebels, and heard of a white man close by, who had 
been murdered in the same manner. The place where this 
niii'ht was s^ent was called Berill's Ford. On the morning of 
the oth the march was resumed, and continued all day, with 
a halt of two houi*s at noon, durino- w^hich two davs' rations 
of hard tack, sugar and coffee were issued ; — and the corps 
encamped late in the evening in the neighborhood of Jeters- 
ville, in Amelia County. Orders were here issued by General 
Meade, hinting at long marches, and directing that rations 
be economized. 

And now came the day of the last fight for the Second 


Connecticut. It was the 6th of April, 1865* Reveille sounded 
at 4.30, and at 5.30 the lines were formed for an advance upon 
the enemy, who were in force immediately in front. The affair 
is thus described by Lieutenant Curtis : 

After marching back two miles on the road by which we 
came on the previous evening, we halted for half an hour, 
and were then ordered back to the gi'ound from which 
we had just come. We had just halted there, after a muddy, 
slippery march, and were mourning that Lee had outwitted 
and escaped us, when, hark ! Firing in advance and to the 
right. All right. We'll have him yet. We moved on and 
struck the Danville Railroad at Amelia Court House, march- 
ing alongside of it for two miles, and on it for a mile more, 
toward Burkesville. Here we met Johnny 'Wlieeler, wounded, 
and Mackenzie and his Cavalry. AYe struck off West-North 
West from the railroad and marched steadily forward, hour 
after hour, toward a distant cannonade. At four o'clock we 
began to orertake the cavalry, who reported everything going 
on well. We passed fifteen hundred prisoners just taken from 
Messrs. R. E. Lee & Co. The firing grew heavier and nearer, 
and at five o'clock we reached the cavalry battle field of the 
morning. Although tired and "played out," there was no 
halt for us — but we moved forward into position, advancing 
beyond our batteries, which were playing a lively tune from a 
hill close by. When formed, the line was advanced — some- 
times by brigade front and sometimes by a flank — but always 
on, until we crossed Sailors' Creek* and came to a halt 
under a steep bank, from the crest of which the rel^els poured 
down a murderous fire. Two lines were formed, the Second 
Connecicut Volunteer Artillery and Sixty-Fifth New York 
* A email tributary of the Appomattox. 


in the second line.* Everything being ready, *' Forward ! " 
sounded along the whole line, and away we went up the hill, 
under a very hot tire. It was tough work to get over the 
crest, but at last we got the Johnnies started, and made good 
time after them. The Second Heavies captured Mahone's 
Head-quarters train, and many prisoners, besides one battle 
flag. We were badly broken, but after running on lor some 
distance were finally halted and re-formed. Colonel Hubbard 
and ;Major Jones came up in time to present us to Generals 
Sheridan, Wright, Wheaton and Hamljlin, who all rode along 
to the front. We also advanced soon after, and found things 
in a jDromising condition. General Ewell and staff and sev- 
eral thousand other prisoners had been taken, together with 
wagon trains, guns, caissons, and small arms without number. 
One of the prisoners told us that they had but three guns left. 
Our loss in the charge was seven wounded, three of them 
mortally, viz., Emory W. Castle and Erastus W. Converse, of 
D, and Charles Griswold, of F. At ten o'clock we moved up 
a mile further to the front, and bivouacked for the night. 

When the long and firmly treading battalion of the Nine- 
teenth Connecticut moved from Camp Dutton to Litchfield 
Station, on the loth of September, 18G2, followed by hundreds 
of relatives and friends, none but God knew what was to be 
its history. We have now found out. The regiment has 
fought its last battle, and made up its Roll of Honor. It will 
be found in the next two chapters. 

* For a wonder. 




How sleep the brave, ^ho sink to rest 
By all their Country's wishes blest ! 
When Spring, with dewy fingers cold, 
Eeturns to deck their hallowed mould, 
She there shall dress a sweeter sod 
Than Fancy's feet have ever trod. 

Bj fairy hands their knell is rang, — 
From forms unseen their dirge is sung ; — 
Their Honor comes, a pilgrim gray. 
To bless the turf that wraps their clay ; 
And Freedom shall a while repair 
To dwell, a weeping hermit, there. 

[In this chapter the word " Killed " is used in all cases where death 
occurred on the day of battle. Where it occurred afler the day of 
battle, the soldier is said to have " Died of Wounds," and the date of 
decease is given in every case where known. 

Where the place of final burial is not mentioned, it is either known 
or supposed to have been on the field. These statements of course 
cannot be made complete. There have doubtless been removals of 
the remains of soldiers since the war, of which the writer has not 
been apprised. 

Where the projectile which caused death or wounds is not men- 
tioned, it is known or supposed to have been a minie musket ball.] 

JieaVy artillery. 167 



Colonel Elisha S. Kellogg. Cold Harbor. 
[For biographical sketch of the life of Colonel Kellogg, see 
chapter XIX.] 

Major James Q. Rice. Winchester. (See pages 53 and 96.) 
The following is an extract from a sketch in Morris and 
Croffuf.s " Connecticut during the Rebellion " : 

Major Rice bad been a faithful soldier. He was a native of Sullivan 
Couuty, New York, aud a resident of Litchfield County for ten years 
before the war. The call of 1862 found him condncting a flourishing 
academical school at Goshen, assisted by bis accomplished wife, a 
daughter of Gen. Cook, of that town. He raised a company of intel- 
ligent and worthy young men, and joined the Nineteenth. The next 
mouth he was on the staff of Gen. Slough at Al-cxaudria, captain of 
the picket and patrol of that city. He gave the highest satisfaction. 
In the carnage of Cold Harbor he issued orders to the men in the 
midst of the storm, in the same clear, unruffled voice they used to 
hear on their brilliant dress parades at Fort Ellsworth. In the battle 
of Winchester he was instantly killed. His remains received a sol- 
dier's burial on the field, but Avere afterwards removed to Goshen, 
aud committed to the earth with Masonic honors. 

Sergeant Major E. Goodwin Osborne. Fort Fisher. 

None knew him but to love him, 
Nor named him but to praise. 

At Cold Harbor, being then Adjutant's clerk, he was direct- 
■ed by Colonel Kellogg to remain with the headquarters wagon ; 
but just before the charge was made he took his musket 
from the wagon where it was stowed, joined the regiment, and 
paiticipated in the fight. A))0ut three weeks before the charge 
at Fort Fisher, he was detailed as a musician, at the request of 
Frank J. Thomas, the leader of the regimental band. This 


TV as a position which most private soldiers would gladly have 
accepted, on account of its lighter duties and comparative 
freedom from danger. But Osborne was unwilling to l)low a 
horn, while his comrades carried muskets. He asked to be 
returned to his company, which Colonel Hubbard granted; 
and soon afterward promoted him to be the ranking non- 
commissioned officer of the regiment. At Fort Fisher he was 
shot entirely through the body. Some men attempted to raise 
him up, but lie said, " Don't raise me. I shall live but a few 
moments;" and expired as he was being borne from the field. 




First Sergeant Josej^h P. Parks. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Corporal Albert A. Jones. Cold Harbor. Breast. 

Corporal Benjamin Meeker. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Lyman J. Smith, jr. Cold Harbor. Head. Buried in 

Robert Watt. Cold Harbor. Breast. Buried in Lite hfield. 

John Iffland. Cold Harbor. Fell on the top of rebel 
breastworks, struck with many balls. 

■VTillard H. Parmelee. Cold Harbor. Breast. 

Almon D. Bradley. Cold Harbor. Breast. Buried at 

Oliver Hitchcock. Cold Harbor. Breast. 

"William Barton. Cold Harbor. 

William Brashing. Cold Harbor. Head. 

George Everett. Cold Harbor. Head. Shell. 

Stephen Fallen. Cold Harbor. Bowels. 

Patrick Hyan. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Robert Scull. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Homer F. Tilford. Cold Harbor. Head and breast. Shell. 


JauiC'S Bradley. Cold Harbor. Rlglit arm. 
Josepli Grardner. Winchester. Head. 


Captain Luman Wadhams. Cold Harbor. A])domen. Died 
June 3, 1864, either at White House, Ya., or on the way there 
in a government wagon. Burled at Litchfield. (See page 55.) 

Corporal George Wilson Potter. Cold Harbor. Breast. 
Died June 2, 18G4. Buried at Bantam Falls. 

Corporal Charles Adams, jr. Cold Harbor. Shoulder and 
both thighs. Died June 6, 1864. Buried at Litchfield. 

Corporal Apollos C. Morse. Cold Harbor. Breast. Died 
at Field Hospital, June 2, 1864. Buried at Xorthfield. 

Andrew J. Brooker. Cold Harbor. Both legs and several 
other places, with shrapnel ; lay on the field all night before 
anv one could get to him. Died at Hospital, Alexandria, June 
6, 1864. Buried at Wolcottville. 

Truman Mailory. Cold Harbor. Head, shrapnel wound. 
Died June 14, 1864. 

George Savage. Cold Harbor. Both arms torn bv a shell, 
and both amputated at the shoulder ; also wounded by mus- 
ket ball in foot. Died on the way to White House. 

Amos H. Stillsou. Cold Harbor. 

Rauson E. Wood. Cold Harbor. Hit in head, breast and 
arm with five balls. Died June 6, 1864, on the way to Yriiite 


John Benedict. Cold Harbor. Breast. Buried ill Warren. 

Horatio P. Bennett. Winchester. Abdomen. Died Sept. 
20, 1864; 

Corporal Franklin M. fiunnell. Winchester. Thigh. Died 
Oct. 25, 18G4, at Jarvis Hospital, Baltimore. His wound was 
received early in the day, but he kept on with his Company 
until it reached the fence, just before the close of the fight. 

Corporal John L. Wilcox. Cedar Creek. Bight side and 
back ; the shot was not found until the third day : when it 
was removed he bled anew, and died on the way from the 
Valley to Baltimore, Oct. 28, 1864. Buried at Wolcottville. 


David M. Candee. Cold Harbor. Died at Andersonville, 
Oct. 23, 1864. 

Benjamin H. Bathbun. Cold Harbor. Died at Anderson- 
ville, Nov. 15, 1864. 

Died of disease. 

Watson Parmelee. Nov. 11, 180^. Regimental Hospital 
near Alexandria ; first death in Company A. Typhoid lever. 

William S. Wilson. Dec. 28, 1862. Typhoid fever. Hos- 
pital, Alexandria. Buried at Harwlnton. 

Henry M. Miner. Feb. 14, 1863. Typhoid fever. Hospital, 
Alexandria. Buried at Northfield. 

Nelbert P. Newberry. April 18, 1863. Typhoid fever. 
Regimental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Litchfield. 


Corporal Joseph E. Coe. March 22, 1863, Typhoid fever. 
Regimental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Harwinton. 

Norman L. Barber. Oct. 12, 1863. Diphtheria. Died and 
was buried at Harwinton. He was sick for a long time in the 
Defences, and reached home but a day or two before his death. 

Julius Winship. Nov. 30, 1863. Erysipelas. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. 

Edward F. Perkins. Aug. 25, 1864. Typhoid fever. Buried 
at Litchfield. 

Lewis Ludington. Oct. 20, 1864. Typhoid fever. Hos- 
pital, Baltimore. 

Sylvester Lampson. Oct. 27, 1864. 

Simeon W. Loud. April 17, 1865. Small i^ox. Died at 
Small Pox Hospital, Alexandria. 


C03rPANY B. 


Corporal Walter C. Sparks. Cold Harbor. 

Corporal Monroe Wliiteman. Cold Harbor. Forehead. 

Corporal Myrou R. Sterry. Cold Harbor. 

Robert W. Bragg. Cold Harbor. 

Francis Burger. Cold Harbor. 

Daniel O Page. Cold Harbor. 

Samuel V. Benedict, Cold Harbor. 

James Caul. Cold Harbor. Head. 

John Handel. Cold Harbor. Body. 

Ezra B. Morris. Cold Harbor. 

Adam O'Strander. Cold Harbor. Body. 

Franklin D. Stevens. Cold Harbor. 

John B. Stohl. Cold Harbor. 

George A. Skifi. Cold Harbor. 

Elias P. Scott. Cold Harbor. 

Charles H. Segur. Cold Harbor. 

Henry Voelker. Cold Harbor. 

Henry Wiesing. Cold Harbor. 


Daniel Glaven. Winchester. Ball entered the mouthj and 
came out back of head. 

Lucien O. Spencer. Fisher's Hill. Shot through head. 

Coiporal John Best. Fort Fisher. Solid shot through body. 


Wilson W. Scoville. Cold Harbor. Arm. Died Aug. 14, 


John W. Coons. Cold Harbor. Died in Hospital, April 
22, 1865. 

Henry Tanner, Cold Harbor. Died at White House or 
Washington, June 15, 1864. 

Chester A. Johnson. Cold Harbor. Thigh, — gangrened. 
Died at Falls Village, ^Yhile on furlough, Aug. 14, 1864. 

Amos Woodin. Cold Harbor. Side and shoulder. Grape 
shot. Died June 2, 1864. 

Second Lieutenant George B. Hempstead. Petersburg, June 
22, 18G4. Died at Hospital, City Point, June 28, 1864. Shot 
entered right breast, and lodged in his watch, on opposite 
side. He made entries in his diary up to the day preceding 
bis death, one of which described his wound, and ''did not 
consider it dangerous." When the war broke out he was in 
Georgia, and was compelled, by circumstances, to enlist in a 
rebel regiment, which was afterward stationed at Newport 
News. While there, he escaped in a boat, — under pretense of 
oroinor fishim?, and although shot at, succeeded in reaching a 
United States vessel, and reported to General Butler. He 


enlisted m Company A, and was one of the best men in the 

Sergeant John McGrav>'. Cold Harbor. Shot in breast, June 
8, 1864. Died June 5, 18G4, at Field Hospital. 

Seco?ad Lieutenant TTilliam H. Cogswell. Winchester. Died 
Ck;t. 8, at Taylor Hospital, Winchester. Left leg amputated 
above knee. He was of Indian blood, had served in three 
months troops, and had been captured and paroled by the 

Corporal Jacob F. Rapp. . Fisher's Hill. Head, foot and 
knee. Died at Salisbury, Conn., Dec. 80, 1864. 

Sergeant Henry S. Wheeler. Cedar Creek. Shot in leg 
while bearing the colors. Died at Carver Hospital, Baltimore. 

Robert Ames. Cedar Creek. Left hip. Diev;l at Hospital, 
Newtown, Ya. 


Corporal William Dunn. Cold Harbor. His musket found 
with stock shattered. 

David Lacy. Coid Harbor. Only his cap found. 


Reuben R. Speed. Cold Harbor. Exchanged and sent from 
Andersonville. Died at Hospital, Annapolis, April — , 1SG5. 


John H. White. Xov. 17, ISGiJ. Typhoid fever. Regi- 
mental Hospital, Alexandria. 


Charles D. Hall. Dec. 11, 18G2. Fever. Regimental Hos- 
pital, Alexandria. 

James Ostrander, jr. Dec. 23, 1862. Typhoid fever. Reg- 
imental Hospital, Alexandria. 

Sergeant Moses Cook, jr. April 18, 1863. Typhoid fever. 
Regimental Hosj^ital near Alexandria. 

Peter Ostrander. Dec. 30, 1863. Congestion of Lungs. 
Regimental Hospital, Alexandria. 

Carlf Volusen. Feb. 27, 1864. Small pox. Hospital, Al- 

Thomas Hyer. Aug. 4, 1864. 

Almeron Burton. Oct. 1, 1864. Hospital, Washington. 

William S. Horton. Nov. 2, 1864. 

Henry Winters. Nov. 6, 1864. Field Hospital, Cedar Creek. 

Patrick Delaney. Nov. 15, 1864. 

Gurdon C. Davidson. Dec. 5, 1864. Typhoid fever. Sheri- 
dan Field Hospital, Winchester. 

Hiram Fanning. Feb. 26, 1865. Knight Hospital, New 





Sergeant David J. Thorpe. Cold Harbor. Head. Fell very 
near Colonel Kellogg. 

Georo-e W. Pierce. Cold Harbor. Heart. Killed at begin- 
ning of charge. 

Jolin H. Ure. Cold Harbor, Head. Nothing known of 
his remains after the battle. 

Ezra B. Bouton. Cold Harbor. Killed June 3. Forehead. 

Corporal Orson M. Miner. Petersburg. June 22, 18(54. 
Heart. Buried on skirmish line. 

Corporal William H. Beach. Winchester. Body. First 
man hit in this battle. Buried at Goshen, 

Peter Burke. Winchester. Cut almost asunder by a shell. 

Jeremiah McCarty. Winchester. Throat, head and heart. 

Hit with several balls- 
Corporal George W. Cleaveland. Cedar Creek. Heart. 

Color corporal when killed ; was also wounded at Petersburg, 

June 22, and at North Anna, May 24. Buried at Goshen. 
Corporal William H. Bray, Cedar Creek. Head, Buried 

in Connecticut. 

Cyi'us M. Bartholomew. Cedar Creek. Abdomen. While 

beinff borne wounded torn the field l^y comrades, he was 



again struck and died in their arms : was also wounded at 
Cold Harbor in leg and shoulders. Buried at Goshen. 


Christian Bjornsern. Cold Harbor. Foot. Shell. Leg 
amputated. Died June 18, 18G4. 

Lucius B. Palmer. Cold Harbor. Shoulder. Died June 9, 

Corporal Erastus Cieaveland. Cold Harbor. Died Aug. 23, 
18G4, at Camden Street Plospital, Baltimore. 

Anson F. Balcom. Winchester. Foot. Piece of Shell. Died 
of Lockjaw, Oct. 12, 18G4, at Field Hospital, Winchester. 

Corporal Henry L. Vaill. Cedar Creek. Shot in neck and 
lungs about sunrise and remained all day in the enemy's 
hands, who robbed him of everything. Died Nov. 4, 1804, at 
Taylor Hospital, Winchester. 

Albert M. Scoville. Cedar Creek. Bowels. Supposed to 
have died at Newtown, Va., Oct. 20, 1864. 


Alfred Blackman. Andersonville. Scorbutus. 


First Lieutenant William :McK. Rice. Nov. 8, 1864, at 
Blooming Grove, N. Y. Chronic Diarrhea, contracted in the 
trenches at Peter sburo-. 

Sergeant Matthew H. Huxley. Jan. 28, 1864. Camp fever. 
Regimental Hospital, near Alexandria. Buried at Goslien. 


Danic4 E. Lyman. Nov. 2, 1862. Typhoid fever— sick tliree 
days. First death in the regiment. Buried at Goshen. 

Arthur G. Kellogg. Nov. IT, 18G2. Fever. Regimental 
Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Terryville. 

William S. Robinson, Jan. 16, 1862. Fever. Regimental 
Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Goshen. 

Orlando Evans. Feb. 18, 1863. Consumption. New Haven. 
Buried at Torringford. 

John H. Stewart. June 3, 1863. Measles. Regimental Hos- 
pital near Alexandria. Youngest man in Company C. 

Corporal Uri Wadhams. Sept. 25, 1863. DixDhtheria— sick 
twenty -four hours. Buried at Goshem i 

William H. Norville. Nov. 30, 1863. Fever. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. 

William H. Hei-ald. Feb. 26, 1863. Fever. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Goshen. 

George W. Brown. March 13, 1864. 

Giles A. Cone. April o, 1864. Regimental Hospital near 

William Butler. Aj^ril 9, 1864. Regimental Hospital near 

William H. Hart. June 24, 1864. Hospital, Alexandria. 

Andrew H. Sanford. June 5, 1863. Fever and disorder. 
Hospital, Alexandria. 

James M. Hayes. July 24, 1SG4. Worn out by marching. 
Hospital, Alexandria. 

180 SECOND coimECTictJi? 

Henry M. Woodruff. July 23, 1864. Worn out by march- 
ing. Died in New York while on his way home on furlough. 
Buried at Hartford. 

Corporal WillardN.Wadhams. July27,18M. Fever. Hos- 
pital, Philadelphia. Color corporal. 

Royal G. Andrus. July 27, 1864. Hospital, Washington, 

Harlow S. Johnson. Sept. 22, 1864. Fever and diarrhea. 

Milo Young. Sept. 1, 1865. David's Island Hospital, N^w 

James Rogers. May 5, 1865. 

John J. Abbott. Aug. 20, 1664. Accidentally shot in tent 
near Petersburg. Foot amputated. Died en rmte to Waili- 


coiyiPAirr D. 


Pomeroy Beecraft. Cold Harbor. 

Philo A. Fenn. Cold Harbor. Shot in bead, by a sliarp- 
sbooter, June 12, while on duty as a sharpshooter. 

. Henry W. Miller. Cold Harbor. Forehead torn off by a 

John Murphy. Cold Harbor. Heart. 

George Comstock. Petersburg. June 23, 1864. Head. 
Real name George Roberts. 

Walter M. Fox. Petersburg. June 22, 1864. 

Richard Beebe. Winchester. Shell. 

Hii-am F. Coley. Winchester. Shell. Buried at Thomaston. 

James Slater. Winchester. Heart: was also wounded at 
Cold Harbor, and had returned to regiment only three days 
before his death. 

Quai-ter Master Sergeant David B. Wooster. Fisher's Hill. 
Heart : was also wounded at Cold Harbor. Buried at North- 

Captain Benjamin F. Hosford. Cedar Creek. Head. HiA 
?3rother and other men carried his body half a mile to the rear, 
where they were compelled to leave it, to save themselves. 
After the victorious return, however, they found and bui'ied 


it, at midniglit lest an immediate pursuit should prevent 
them. The remains were subsequently re-interred at Winsted. 
[See images 44 and 130.] 

Corporal Edward C. Hopson. Cedar Creek. Shoulder and 
thigh. Buried at Poultney, Yt. 

Corporal William Wright. Cedar Creek. Head. 

John H. Conklin. Cedar Creek. 

Daniel Van Allen. Cedar Creek. Heart. 

Charles R. Warner. Cedar Creek. Body, 


George L. Beach. Cold Harbor. Thigh. Shell. Died at 
Washington, June 14, 1864. Buried at Plymouth. 

Corporal Edgar J. Castle. Cold Harbor. Body and. lungs. 
Died June 8, 1864, on transport en route to Washington. 

Thomas Mann. Calf of leg. Died at Washington, June 8,- 

Walter Stone. Cold Harbor. Ankle amputated. Dled^Tuly 
24, 1864, at Blackwell's Island Hospital, N. Y. 

Hiram Mattoon. Cold Harbor. Leg amputated. Shot June 
10, in knee. Died June 14, 1864, at Washington. 

Corporal Charles E. Guernsey. Petersburg, June 22. Shoul- 
der and thigh. Died Jmie 28, 1864, at City Point. Supposed 
to have been shot by carelessness of our men: was in the 
hands of rebels ioi: some time, who took his watch, and gave 
liim, water* 


Jacob Demufh. Petersburg, June 22. Back. Died June 
24, 18(J4. "Was shot while cooking coffee. 

Joliu Grieder. Petersburg, June 20. Tkigli. Died July 3, 

George H. S. Goodwin. "Winchester. Thigh. Died Sept. 

24, 18G4. Supposed to have died en route to Hospital, and 
been buried by roadside. 

George E. Clark. "Winchester. Leg. 

Henry Gilbert. Cedar Creek. Head. Died Dec. 20, 1SG4. 

Henry Lynch. Cedar Creek. Hip. Died Oct. 31, 1804. 

Emery "W". Castle. Sailors Creek. Thigh, and ankle' am- 
putated. Died April 23, 1805, at Hospital, x\.nnapolis. 

Erastus "W. Converse, Sailor's Creek. Hip. Died at Burkes- 
ville, April 9, 1865. 


Benjamin Filley. Petersburg, June 23. Supposed to have 
died at Florence. 

James Strawn. Petersburg, June 22. Diarrhea. Died at 
Andcrsonville, Aug. 2, 1804. Reported hj Dorence Atwater. 

Charles D. Hanson. Cedar Creek. Died Feb, 25, 1865, at 
Andersouville. Buried at Hartford. 


Walter Gates. Cedar Creek. Doubtless died in rebel prison. 

Wit!iam S. Barnes. Cedar Creek. Doubtless died in rebel 



Corporal Frederick B. Webster. Nov. 5, 1862. Fever. Reg 
imental Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Harwinton. 

Corporal William W. Johnson. Jan. 30, 1863. Fever. Reg- 
imental Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Terryville. 

Burritt H. Tolles. Jan. 12, 1863. Fever. Regimental Hos- 
pital, Alexandria. Buried at Plymouth. 

Charles J. Cleveland. Jan. 30, 1863. Fever. Regimental 
Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Teiryville. 

George H. Holt. Feb. 26, 1863. Diphtheria. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried in Connecticut. 

Franklin W. Hubbard. April 10, 1862. Typhoid fever. 
Regimental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Terrj-ville. 

Sergeant Edgar B. Lewis. Sept. 6, 1863. Diphtheria. Pri- 
vate house, Alexandria. Buried at Greenwood Cemetery. 

Josiah J. Wadsworth. Sept. 19, 1863. Spotted fever. Reg- 
imental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Harttbrd. 

William W. Richardson. April 24, 1864. Fever. Regi- 
mental Hospital near Alexandria. 

James H. Pritchard. July 1, 1864. Brain fever. Hospital, 
City Point. Bass Drummer. 

Sergeant Salmon B. Smith. Aug. 11, 1864. Tyf)hoid fever. 
Hosj)ital, David's Island, N. Y. Buried at Thomaston. 

David Davenport, Oct. 26, 1864. Hospital, Philadelphia. 

Horatio G. Perkins. Jan. 9, 1865. Fever and ehtroaic di- 
arrhea. Hospital, Baltimore. 




Corporal Frederick W. Daniels. Cold Harbor. Breast. 

Corporal Alonzo J. Hull. Cold Harbor. Breast. 

Corporal Willard Hart. Cold Harbor. 

Corporal Henry A. Rexford. Cold Harbor. 

Frederick D. Painter. Drummer. Cold Harbor. Leg taken 
oft by a shell, some distance in the rear. 

Myron Ferris. Cold Harbor. 

Lewis Downs. Cold Harbor. 

Alfred Comins. Cold Harbor. Bowels. 

John M. Teeter. Cold Harbor. Breast. 

George A, Tatro. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Charles H. Stanley. Cold Harbor. Bowels. Grape shot. 

Ruel H. Perkins. Cold Harbor. 

Daniel McDonald. Cold Harbor. 

James Mooney. Cold Harbor. Killed June 2. 

Walter Martin. Cold Harbor. 

William Kelley. Cold Harl)or. Foot. Killed June 2. 

Patrick Kaine. Cold Harbor. 

Jared P. Evarts. Petersburg, June 21. Bowels. 


John McDonougli. Cedar Creek. 


Sylvester Barrett. Cold Harbor. Died July 24. 1864, at 
Wliite House. 

Quarter Master Sergeant Jaines A. Green. Cold Harbor. 
Heel. Died July 8, 18G4. Buried at Colebrook. 

Elizur Maltbie. Cold Harbor. Ankle amputated. Died 
July 2, 1864, at Davids Island Hospital, N. Y. Buried at 

Stephen J. Green. Cold Harbor. Died July 5, 1864, at Da- 
vid's Island Hospital, N. Y. Buried at Colebrook. 

Birdseye Gibbs. Petersburg, June 20. Throat. Died at 
Field Hospital, June 27, 1864. 

Captain Oren H. Knight. Petersburg, June 22. A minie 
musket ball struck him in the head, inflicting a wound which 
was at the time reported " not dangerous." It was sufficient, 
however, to superinduce disease, and from the effects of both, 
he died on or about the 8th of July, 1864, at a hosj^ital in New 
York. Buried at Salisbury. 

Corporal George H. Pendleton. Winchester. Breast. Died 
Oct. 3, 1864, at Taylor Hospital, Winchester. Buried at Nor- 

Corj^oral John H. Boughton. Winchester. xVrm ampu- 
tated. Died Oct. 7, 1864, at Taylor Hospital, Winchester. 

Asa Huniaston. Winchester. Groin. Died Sept. 20, 1864. 

David Back«s. Cedar Creek. Died Nov. 3, 1864. 



Second Lieutenant Calvin B. Hatch. Cold Harbor. 

Corporal James R. Baldwin. Cold Harbor. 

James Simpson. Cold Harbor. 

John J. Toole. Cold Harbor. 

John Scully. Cold Harbor. 
Boughton D. Knapp. Cold Harbor. 
HcDiy C. Kent. Cold Harbor. 
John Cook. Cold Harbor. 
Bernard Carbury. Cold Harbor. 
Martin Blake. Cold Harbor. 
Sherman Apley. Cold Harbor. 
Charles Bohan. Petersburg. Jmie 23. 


Michael Donahue. Petersburg, June 22, Died at Salisbury 
Dec. 12, 1864. 

Allen B. Young. Cedar Creek. Died Nov. 10, 1804. 

Matthew Fitzgerald. Cedar Creek. Died at Salisbury, Jan 


Second Lieutenant Hiram D. Gaylord. Nov. 18, 1803. Ty- 
phoid fever. Regimental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried 
at Norfolk. 


George W. Hurlbut. March 29, 1863. Diphtheria. Regi- 
mental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Danbury Quar- 
ter, near Winsted. 

William S. Hurlbut. Oct. 25, 1863. Typhoid fever. Reg- 
imental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Danbury Quar- 
ter, near Winsted. 

Darwin E. Starks. Aug. 23, 1863. Typhoid fever. Regi- 
mental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Winchester, Ct. 

Jerome Preston. Oc^ 24, 1862. Inflammation of bowels. 
Regimental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Ashley 
Falls, Mass. 

Julius Woodford. Jan. 3, 1864. Typhoid fever. Regi- 
mental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Winsted. 

William R. Hubbard. Feb. 28, 1864. Bilious fever. Regi- 
mental Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Winsted. 

Joseph Robinson. Sept. 17, 1864. Chronic diarrhea and 
exhaustion. Field Hospital, Chariestown, Va. 

Julius Rogers. Sept. 21, 1864. 

Manwaring Green. Oct. 18, 1864. Killed by accident on 
Shore Line Railroad, near New London, Conn. 

Edwin E. Rowe. March 27, 1865. Congestion of lungs, 
brought on in battle of Fort Fisher. He died of fighting, yet 
without a wound. Buried at Winsted. 

Charles Long. July 12, 1864. 

muLVY autillehy. 180 



Sergeant Samuel E. Gibbs. Cold Harbor. Bowels. Buried 
in Colebrook. 

John E. Hall. Cold Harbor. Back. Killed June 8. 

William H. Colt. Petersburg, June 22. Upper abdomen. 

Sergeant Lorenzo P. Light. Winchester. Abdomen. 

Sergeant Alfred C. Alford. Winchester. Head. Buried st 

Timothy O'Callaghan. Winchester. Head. 

George Simons. Cedar Creek. Body. 


George N. Andrus. Cold Harbor. Heel torn off by solid 
shot, June 8. Died June 28, 1864. 

Cornelius H. Merrell. Fishers Hill. Leg, below knee. Died 
Oct. 28, 1864. 

Edmund Dougherty.^ WincheBter. Breast. Died Sept. 07, 

Charles A. Griswold. Sailor's Cre^k. Thigh. Died at Field 
Hospital, April 7, 1864 

Jay J. Cushmau. 



Robert Cabill. Cedar Creek. Exchanged, and died two 
clays after reaching New York* 

Solomon G. Hayward. Cedar Oreek. 


John Busby. Petersburg, June 22. (Suspected of haying 
deserted on the march during the preceding night.) 


Harlan D-. Benedict. Dec. 16, 1862. Regimental Hospital, 
Alexandria. /ivj&jdo.:" 

Augustus H. Barrett. Dec. 80, 1862. Regimental Hospital, 
Alexandria. Buried at New Hartford. 

Albert Beckwith. Jan. 1, 1863. Chronic diarrhea. Hos- 
pital, Alexandria. 

Richard S. Thompson. Jan. 10, 1863. Chronic diarrhea. 
Regimental Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Colbrook. 

Corporal William G. Henderson. May 4, 1863. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at New Hartford Center. 

Philander Emmons, April 22, 1865. Hospital, City Point* 
Had also been wounded. 

Peter Riley. March, 1864. 

Lorenzo K. Lamoine. 1864. 

Harvey Ford. April 27, 1864. Regimental Hospital neaf 
Alexandria. Buried at Cornwall. 


Philander Egoleston. April, 1864. Hospital, Kew York. 
Buried at New Hartford. 

Horatio G. Egglestou. April, 1864. Regimental Hospital 
near Alexandria. Buried at New Hartford. 

Henry Van Dusen. Jan. 2, 1865. 

Charles Tuttle. Jan. 2. 1865, at Hospital, City Point. 

Jefferson T. Lent. July 8, 1865. While on the way from 
Georgetown to Chain Bridge, July 6, as mounted orderly, he 
was running horses with William H. Tiff-any, when his horse 
fell, throwing him, and falling upon him, causing his death in 
forty-eight hours. He had gone unhurt through every battle 
of the regiment. His mother came from New York hoping to 
find him alive, but his Company had already embalmed the 
body and sent it home. He was only about seventeen years 
old, and a general favorite. 




Quarter Master Sergeant Joseph B. Payne. Cold Harbor. 

Wilson Waterman. Winchester. Leg amputated, but died 

Chauncev L. Warner. Winchester. Knee. Piece of Shell. 

Henrv Peck. Winchester. Head. Shell. 

Corporal Charles J. Reed. Cedar Creek. Breast. 

Corporal George W. Page. Cedar Creek. Neck. Buried 
at Cornwall Bridge. (These two Corporals were found dead, 
and locked in each other's arms.) 

Elisha Soulc. Cedar Creek. Head. While lying down near 
Ihc road in the morning, a musket ball took away the top of 
his head, leaving a piece of skull in his cap. He was found 
alive at night, stripped of everything, and did not expire until 
ten the next morning. 


Horace Sickmund. Cold Harbor. Knee. Not supposed to 
be mortally w*ounded. Died July 14, 18U4, at Hospital, Wash- 
ington. Buried at Cornwall Bridge. 

Corporal Patrick Troy. Winchester. Arm amputated. 
Seemed on the way to recovery, but had a relapse. Died Oct. 
20, 18<J4, at Hospital, Baltimore. Buried at Falls Village. 


James H. Vanburen. Winchester. Leg twice amputated. 
Shell, Died Nov, 1, 1864, at Hospital, Sandy Hook. 

Quarter Master Sergeant Charles Ingersoll, Winchester. 
Les. Had also been wounded at Cold Harbor. Died Oct. 1, 
1864, at Hospital^ Sandy Hook. Buried at Amenia, N. Y. 

George Clinton. Winchester. Leg amputated. Died at 
Saody Hook, 

James M, Palmer. Cedar Creek. Neck and shoulder. Shell, 
Died at Camp, Oct. 22, 1864. 

Barney Kinney. Cedar Creek. Leg amputated. Died at 
Field Hospital, Nov. 11, 1864, 

Corporal Dwight B. Studley. Fort Fisher. Side and left 
fore-arm. Grape shot. Not at fii"st supposed to be mortally 
wounded. Died at Lincoln Hospital, Washington, April 14, 
1864, Buried at Ellsworth, Conn, 

Sylvester Prout. Fort Fisher. Leg amputated. Died at 
Camp, March 26, 1864, 


Ro)j»ert Bard. North Anna River. May 24, 1864, 
Corporal James Stanley, Hatcher'a Run, 


Myron H, Hubbell. Nov, 24, 1862. Regimental Hospital, 
Alexandria. Buried at Cornwall, 

Philo Cole. Jan. 6, 1863. Regimental Hospital, Alexan- 
dria, Buried in Cornwall. 


Lucien Rouse. Jan. 9, 1863. Fever. Regimental Hospital, 
Alexandria. Buried at Warren. Body sent home by Company. 

Merritt Stone. Jan. 15, 18G3. Regimental Hosj)ital, Alex- 
andria. Buried at Litchfield. Remains sent home by Company. 

Charles C. Herman. Jan. 19, 1863. Regimental Hospital, 
Alexandria. Buried at Salisbury, Conn. 

Harvey Clark. Jan, 18, 1863. Regimental Hospital, Alex- 
andria. Buried at Kent. 

John H. Bradley. March 10, 1864. Regimental Hospital 
near Alexandria. 

Paschal P. North. June 25, 1864. Hospital, Washington. 

Herman E. Bonney. June 28, 1864. Hospital, Philadelphia. 
Buried at Cornwall Bridge. 

Lewis Sawyer. July 26, 1864. Hospital, Washington. 
Buried at Cornwall Bridge. 

Henry H. Waters. Aug. 24, 1864. 

Albert A. Peck. Aug. 24, 1864. Exhaustion from march- 
ing. Hospital, Washington. 

Allen Williams. Aug. 28, 1864. Hospital, Blackwell's Is- 

John M. Hamblin. Oct. 16, 1864. Buried at Warren. Died 
while on furlough. 

William White. Dec. 16, 1864. Fever. Lincoln Hospital, 


Sergeant Albert Robinson. March, 1865. Hospital. Annap- 
olis. Buried at Cornwall Bridge. Discharged for disability, 
but died before reaching home. 

John Lapham. 2soy. 9, 1864. Killed by Railroad accident 
near Philadelphia, returning from furlough. 

William Slover. Drowned in Potomac, near Georgetown, 
watering mules. Buried in Kent. 




Henry C. Straight. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Charles W. Jackson. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Theodore A. Barnes. Cold Harbor. Head. 

Second Lieutenant Horace Hubbard. "Winchester. His back 
was fearfully torn by a shell, and he lived but a short time. 
He sent dying messages to his friends at home, and said he 
believed it was all for the best. " Tell the boys of Company 
D, (in which he was formerly First Sergeant,) that I always 
meant to do right by them, and to forgive me if I have not." 
He was buried exactly where he fell, but since the war his re- 
mains have been removed to Plymouth. 

First Lieutenant Franklin M. Candee. "Winchester. Buried 
in Bristol. [See page 95.] 

Edward Mead. Cedar Creek. Breast. Stripped by rebels 
on the field. 


Jerome Johnson. Cold Harbor. Thigh. Died at Field 
Hospital, June 16, 1864. 

Harvey Pease. Petersburg. Died at Field Hospital, June 
31, 1864. [See page 75.] 


Captain Frederick M. Berry. Wincliester. He lay near 
Candee when that officer was killed, and taking the valuables 
from the body, went on with the regiment in the charge that 
followed. As his Comi3any emerged from the woods that 
bordered the plain on the east, with Winchester on the left, 
he gave the command " By the right flank, march ! " and was 
at that moment struck just below the knee, and fell with a 
groan. He died at Taylor's Hotel Hospital, Winchester, and 
was buried in Kent, Conn. Colonel Kellogg used to say that 
Ca]3t. Berry liad more excellencies and less faults than any 
other officer in the regiment. 


Daniel Payne. Cedar Creek, Died Nov. 17, 1864, at Sher- 
idan Field Hospital, Winchester. 


Patrick Lynch, Cold Harbor. 


Herbert H. Reed. Spottsylvania. Died of starvation, at 
Anderson ville, July 4, 1864. 

Moses L. Wigglesworth. Spottsylvania. Died of disease 
and starvation, at Anderson ville, Aug. 26, 1864. 


Henry A. Calhoun. Dec. 23, 1862. Measles. Regimental 
Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Washington, Conn. 

WiUiam C. Warner. Dec. 23, 1862. Typhoid fever. Reg- 
imental Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Washington, Conn. 


William H. Dains. Jan. 16, 1863. Measles. Regimental 
Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Washington, Conn. 

Lewis St. John. March 17, 1863. Camp fever. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Kent, Conn. 

Sheldon Clark. April 10, 1863. Lung fever. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Washington, Conn. 

Sergeant Garwood R. Merwin. 1863. Typhoid fever. Pri- 
vate house, Alexandria. Buried at New Milford. 

L-a S. Bradley. Feb. 31, 1864. Typhoid fever. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Roxbury, Conn. 

Henry Bridge. August 1, 1864. Worn out in the Shenan- 
doah Valley. He was fifty years old. After bravely and faith- 
fully going through the campaign Irom Spottsylvania to Har- 
per^s Ferry, he fell out when the regiment was up the Valley, 
and never i*eturned. His place of death and burial not defi- 
nitely known ; — somewhere near Harper's Ferry. 

Sylvester C. Piatt. Aug. 5, 1864. Chronic dysentery. Died 
at Hospital, New York. Place of burial not certainly known. 

Joseph R. Loveridge. Sept. 12, 1864. Chronic dysentery. 
Hos^Dital, Washington. Seventeen years old. 

Willis Hartwell. Oct. 28, 1864. Fever. Hospital, Martins- 
burg. Probably buried at Martinsburg. 




Friend F. Kane. Cold IlarDor. Head. 

Alinon D. Galpin. Col<l Harbor. Head. 

Charles Barney. Winchester. Shell. 
William Fitzgerald. Cedar Creek, 
Samuel B. Ferris. Cedar Creek. 
Addison Cook. Cedar Creek. 
David Cramer. Fort Fisher. 
Thomas Wheeler. Fort Fisher. 


Curtis Wheeler. Cold Harbor. Through both thighs by 
same ])all. Died at Armory Square Hospital, Washington, 
June 13, 18G4. 

Sergeant Walter J. Orton. Winchester. Left arm and ante- 
rior v%'alls of thorax. Exhaustion in consequence of secondary 
hemorrhage. Died at Sheridan Field Hospital, Winchester, 
Oct. 7, 1804. Buiied at Woodbury. 

Corporal Charles F. Flushman. Winchester. Abdomen. 
Died at Sheridan Field Hospital, Winchester, Sept. 21, 18G4. 

Seymour Lobdell. Cedar Cieek. Died Nov. 16, 18(54. 


Sergeant George E. Juclson. Cedar Creek. Left hip. Died 
• at Patterson Park Hospital, Baltimore, Oct. 31, 1864. Buried 
at Southbury, Conn. 

Charles Bennett. Cedar Creek. Bowels. Died in an am- 
bulance, on the way to Winchester, Oct. 21, 1804. 

Corporal Patrick Brady. Cedar Creek. Died at Hospital, 
Martinsburg, Nov. 1, 1864. 

Ham A. Barnes. Wounded or injured at Noel's Station, 
near North Anna River, May 23, 1834, while tearing up rail- 
road track. Died at Mount Ple;xsant Hospital, Rhode Island, 
June 14, 1864. 

George W. Locklin. Winchester. Thigh. Died at Hospi- 
tal, Baltimore, Oct. 20, 1864, of his wound and fever. 


Timothy F. AValsh. Hatcher's Run. Feb. 6, 18G5. 


Albert Woodruff. Cedar Creek. Died at Salisbury, June 
8, 1865. 

Marshall Lines. Cedar Creek. Died at Andersonville, Feb. 
8, 1865. 


John S. White. Nov. 13, 1862. Regiment-al Hospital, Al- 

James C. Policy. Nov. 19, 1862. Regimental Hospital, 


Hai"vey H. Fox. Feb. 4, 1863. Regimental Hospital near 
Alexandria. Buried at Woodbury. 

Corporal Henry F. Hard. Dec. 15, 1863. Died while at 
home on furlough. Buried at Woodbury. 

Charles L. Thomas. Jan. 16, 1864. Lung fever. Regiment- 
al Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Woodbury. 

Corporal Horatio S. Thomas. Feb. 20, 1864. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Woodbury. 

Banks Lounsbury. Feb. 23, 1864. Black measles. Alex- 

Timothy Elwell. March 3. 1864. Fever. Regimental Hos- 
pital near Alexandria. 

James Sidney. March 10, 1864. Pleurisy. Regimental Hos- 
pital near Alexandria. 

Isaac Briggs. June 22, 1864. Emory Hospital, Washington. 
Wounded in loot at Cold Harbor. 

Corporal Edward Bell. Oct! 17, 1864. Chronic diarrhea. 
Hospital, Martinsburg. 

Joseph Colonel. Oct. 19, 1864. HosjDital, Annapolis. 

Corporal Cornelius Goebel. Feb. 2o, 1865. Fever. Bridge- 
port, Conn., while on furlough. 

John K. Northrop. Dropped dead in the street in New 
York, while on his way home on furlough. 




Sergeant George H. McBurney. Cold Harbor. Head and 

John Warner. Cold Harbor. Bowels. Shell. 

Robert Sothergilb Cold Harbor. Neck. 

David D. Lake. Cold Harbor. 

Andrew Jackson. Cold Harbor. 

Edmund Hickey. Cold Harbor, 

Peter Gallagher. Cold Harbor. 

Henry B. Bristol. Cold Harbor. Side torn out by shell. 

Isaac Baldwin. Cold Harbor. 

Franklin Andrus. Cold Harbor. Shell. 

Henry H. Hyatt. Petersburg, June 22. Neck. 

Lucien Button. Winchester. Head. Piece of shell. 

Alexander D. Kasson. Cedar Creek. Head. 

-John H. R. Hipwell. Cedar Creek. 


Jacob Wentworth. Cold Harbor. Leg. Died June 20, 1864. 

Edward B. Griffin. Cold Harbor. Breast and shoulder. 
Shell. Died June 2, en rovite to White House, and buried by 


Charles Reed. Cold Harbor. Died June 3, 1804. 

Asahel ZSt. Perkins. Cold Harbor. Thigh and arru. Died 
Oct. 14, 1864, at Hospital, Baltimore. 

John Munson. Cold Harbor. Ankle. Grape shot. Foot 
amputated. Died Aug. 30, 1864, at Hospital, New Haven. 

William B. Leach. Cold Harbor. Died June 19, 1864. 

Patrick Kennedy. Cold Harbor. Side. Died at Hospital, 
David's Island, New York, June 16, 1864. 

Owen Cromney. Cold Harbor. Shoulder. Died July 24, 

Alfred June. Petersburg, June 20. Shot by sharpshooter 
in back and hips. Died June 21, 1868. 

First Lieutenant James P. McCabe. Winchester. Sharp- 
shooter's ball, smaller than minie, entered left hip and came 
out right hip. It also passed through a compactly rolled rub- 
ber blanket, which, when unfolded, showed more than twenty 
holes made by the same shot. Died at West Goshen, Oct. 3, 

Albert J. Miner. Cedar Creek. Thigh. Died Nov. 1, 1864. 
Buried at New Haven. 

Charles A. Johnson. Cedar Creek. Shot through both hips 
by sharpshooter. Died Oct. 20, 1864. 

Charles Haviland. Cedar Creek. Thigh. Died Nov. 13, 



Charles H. Russell. Cold Harbor. Had previously deserted 
and been retaken. 


Sergeant Lant Ryan. Petersburg, June 23. Died at An- 

Amaziah Downs. Cedar Creek. Died at Salisbury, Dec. 
18, 1864. 

Noble Andrus. Cedar Creek. Andersonville. Reported 
dead by Clara Barton. 


Corporal Wesley T. Glover. Dec. 28, 1862. Typhoid fever. 
Regimental Hospital, Alexandria. Buried at Woodville, Conn. 
His name is inscribed on a soldiers' monument in Terry ville. 

Charles B. Ferris. Jan. 5, 1863. Brain fever. Regimental 
Hospital, Alexandria. 

Sergeant William S. Watson. Jan. 28, 1863. Died in his 
tent at Fort Worth, near Alexandria, alter three days' illness 
of brain fever. Buried in Connecticut. 

Fifer George A. Hoyt. June 6, 1863. Fever. Regimental 
Hospital near Alexandria. Buried at Plymouth. 

Leander Ide. Feb. 9, 1864. Regimental Hospital near Al- 
exandria. Baried in Connecticut. 

George W. Harrington. Feb. 25, 1864. Regimental Hospi- 
tal near Alexandria. Buried at Sherman, Conn. 


Eben Norton. June 12, 1864. Fever. Hospital, Alexan- 
dria. Buried at Plymouth. 

John Burch. Julv 31, 1864. 

Anton Barth. Nov. 11, 1864. 

Wolcott Cook. Jan. 16, 1865. Chronic diarrhea. Sixth 
Corps Hospital, City Point. 

Corporal Sidney A. Law. Jan. 29, 1865. New Milford. 
Buried at New Milford. 

Henry Colby. June 17. 1864. Hosx^ital, Rhode Island. Shot 
himself through the hand at North Anna River, intentionally, 
(as was supposed,) and died of the wound. • 




Jolm Martin. Cold Harbor. First man killed in L Com- 
pany. Buried by Lieutenant Snowden. 

August Berg. Wincliester. 


William Day. Wincliester. Hip. Died , 1864. 

John Pollard, Skirmisli near Tolopotomy, May 31, 1864. 
Head. Died June 17, 1864, at Hospital, Pliiladelphia. Left 
family destitute. 

Corporal Norman Mansfield. Skirmisli on Tolopotomy, 
May 31, 1864. Leg amputated. Died June 16, 1864. 

Sergeant George Parker. Cold Harbor. Side. Probably 
died at Xew Haren. 

Amos L. Ives. Cold Harbor, , 1864. 


Fred. Hooker. Cedar Creek. Died Dec. 1, 1864. 

George Grorer. Cedar Creek. 

Patrick Butler. Taken by Mosby at Leesburg after the 
regiment had returned from Snicker's Gap. Died in Danville 
prison, March 4, 1865. 


Corporal William Dixon. Taken prisoner at Petersburg, 
June 22, 18G4. Exchanged and died at Parole Camp, Dec. 
24, 1864. 


Corporal Henry A. Hubbell. July 3, 1864. Hospital, City 
Point. Diarrhea. Buried at New Haven. 

Corporal William Morton. March 7, 1865. 

Horace B. Wood. Dec. 12, 1864. 

Fred. Slade. Sept. 21, 1864. Died at Frederick City, Md. 
Real name, Alfred Slade. Left a family in England. He was 
very slightly wounded in the hand at Cold Harbor, — but his 
death was caused by disease and marching. 

Wilham Malloy. August 21, 1864. 

Thomas B. Foster. March 17, 1865. Hospital, Alexandria. 

Charles Davenport. March 21, 1865. 




Patrick Keegan. On picket at North Anna river. May 24, 
1864. First man killed in the regiment. 

Samuel S. Osborne. Cold Harbor. Leg. Shell. Also, a 
tree top, cut off by a shell, fell upon him. 

Abner W. Scott. Winchester. Name inscribed on soldiers' 
monument in Terryville. 


John Fay. Fort Fisher. Thigh. Died April 10, 1865. 

Thomas Doyle. Winchester. Breast. Died Sept. 22, 1864. 

Thomas Colburn. Petersburg, June 22, 1864. Died in Hos- 
pital, Connecticut. 


Aaron Joseph. Petersburg, April 2, 1865. 
William Bergen. Petersburg, June 22, 1864. 


John Thomas. Feb. 13, 1864. Regimental Hosx3ital, near 


■ ) 

Lorin L. Morris. Nov. 16, 1864. Hospital, Winchester. 

James H. Case. March 5, 1864. Regimental Hospital, Al- 




This Chapter does not pretend to give all that might be of 
interest concerning the wounded. In the nature of the case, 
that would be an impossibility. All the facts that could be 
obtained, however, after the most laborious research, are set 

By the term " Surviving Wounded," which heads this chap- 
ter, is meant those who survived until the muster out of the 
regiment- Since that time many have died, some of them 
doubtless from the effect of wounds or army hardships ; — ^but 
to inquire them out for the purposes of this history would be 
an impracticable undertaking. Whether we have war or 
peace, that list must ever increase, and ever be incomplete, 
until '' the last man " shall bring up the rear of that long 
column of which Daniel E. Lyman, the first man, led the 


Colonel (afterwards Brigadier General and Brevet Major 
General) Ranald S. Mackenzie. [See Chapter XVII.] 

Major William B. Ells. Cold Harbor. A musket ball passed 
through the bone of the right leg, between the knee and ankle, 
in such a manner as to inflict permanent injury. The perios- 


teum lias never re-formed, and the major, after four full years, 
is still compelled to use a cane or crutches. 

Major (afterwards Lieutenant Colonel) Jeffrey Skinner, was 
twice wounded; first by a shell at Winchester, [see page 96,] 
and at the capture of Petersburg, April 2, 1865, by a musket 
ball in the side. In the first instance he was absent from duty 
not more than a month, and only six weeks after receivmg the 
latter wound, although it was quite severe. 

Captain (afterwards Major) Chester D. Cleveland, then Ord- 
nance Officer of First Division, Sixth Corps, was slightly 
wounded in the arm at Cedar Creek, but did not rejDort it. 

Sergeant Major (afterwards Second Lieutenant) Frederick 
A. Lucas, received a wound in the left thigh at Cedar Creek, 
which disabled him for several months. He returned to the 
regiment just in time to receive another wound, (a slight one) 
in the affair at Hatcher's Run. He was promoted for gallantry 
at Winchester and Fisher's Hill, and Colonel Mackenzie told 
the writer, just after those battles, that he never saw a braver 
man than Sergeant Major Lucas. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant Theodore F. Vaill. Fort 
Fisher. Flesh wound, left hip, by cast iron ball from spherical 
case shot. 


At Cold Harbor. 

Quarter Master Sergeant George W. Mason. Head. Very 
severe, and at first supposed to be mortal, — but after many 
months he recovered, and was mustered as Captain and As- 
sistant Quarter Master in the general service, having been 


commissioned thereto by President Lincoln before he was 

Watson Cogswell Left arm. [Also see Winchester.] 

Samuel Gunn, vShoulder, 

Corporal Curtis P. Wedge. Right hand, 

Corpoi-al Seth Whiting. Hand, 

Edward Hull, Buttocks. 

Lyman F. Morehouse. Wrist. 

James Ferris, Leg amputated, 

Robert W. Coe, Arm amputated, Ako, wounded in toe, 

Charles Belcher. Shoulder. 

John Benedict, Breast. 

Michael Bray, Hip, 

John Bailey, Arm, 

Charles Carter. Shoulder, 

Robert Crawford, Arm. 

Edson S. Dayton, Thigh, 

Myron E. Kilbourn, Finger amputated, 

John Lawlor, Both thighs. 

David McBath, Arm. 

Korman B. Perkins. Hand, 

Harvey B. Perkins, Side, 

James M. Prindle. Fingers, 

Jason St John, Knee. Had previously been wounded in 
the other knee, when a member of the Eight Connecticut Vol- 

Reuben A. Swift. Cheek and thigh. 

George F. Waugh. Breast. 

David P. Wetmore. Leg. 

First Lieutenant Hubbard E. Tuttle. Head. 

Ph'si Lieuteaaut Bushrod H. Camp, Leg, 


At Winchester. 

Frederick T. Jennings. Left hand and head. Wounded 
while passing over the knoll between the two ravines. 

Captain Alexander B. Shumway. Leg. Wounded where 
the regiment was first moved into action. 

Second Lieutenant Daniel E. Marsh. Arm. Wounded in 
the first ravine. 

Watson Cogswell. Aim. 

Corporal Henry T. Cable. Abdomen. Severe. Wounded 
while going from the first to the second ravine. 

Edmund P. Aiken. Head. 

James Moll. Leg. Real name James Moore. It was entered 
wrong at first, and like that of Hiram U. Grant, had to remain 

Edmund Haley. Leg. 

At Fisher's Hill, 
James L. Osborn. Side. 

At Cedar Creek. 

Sergeant William S. Smith. Head. Also, at Fort Fisher in 
loot, slightly. 
Thomas Morris. Face. 
Joseph Moody. Ankle. 

At Fort Fisher. 

Corporal Horace N. Williams. Mouth. Ball could not be 
found, and after four months was taken out from the back of 



Jiis neck, Tlie muscles of one eye were cut or destroyed, so 
tliat it cannot Jje shut, 


At Skirmish on Toloptoiny, May 31, 1804, 

3101 timer M, Liilibridge. Foot. 
William H. Surdam. 

At Cold Harbor, 

George W. 3Iansfield. Le*?. Also wounded at Fislier's Hill 
in leg, and had thumb shot off at Sailors' Creek. "Was scalded 
to death by collision on Housatonic Railroad, on his way home, 
after l^eing discharged. Had never been home since enlisting 

Daniel 0. Page. Paroled prisoner. 

Sergeant George L. Johnson. Hip. 

Augustus Adams. Leg, 

Horace Ball, Breast. 

Richard Brown. Head, 

Sheldon Carley. Head. 

Kewton W. Cogswell. Arm. 

John Coons. Breast and back. 

Ezra Clark. Xeck, 

William Connell. Arm amputated. 

John Decker. Right hand. 

Daniel Dunlavey. Left hand. 

Henry Dryer. Foot. 

John Funk. Neck. 

Solomon Hinkley. Hand and head. 

Roger Lyddy. 


Peter Malath. Thigh. 
Godfrey Miller. Ankle. 
George McLane. Hand. 
Jo!m Mediation. 
Joel Snyder. Neck. 
Henry Tanner. ThigTi. 
Daniel Taylor. Hand. 
Charles O. Whaples. Thigh. 
Francis Burger. 

At Winchester. 

Captain William H. Lems, jr. Wrist. 

Sergeant (afterwarcfe. Lieutenant) William S. Cooper. 

Peter Flood. Leg^ flesh wound.. 

Gilbert McMah.onv Leg. 

Lewis Morey. Left arm.. 

At Fisher's mil. 

Luther E. Speed. Neck. 

John McGovern. Finger amputated. 

George W. Mansfield. Leg. [Also see Cold Harbor.] 

At Cedo/r Orteh^ 

First Sergeant James Parks. Left leg. Piece of shell. 
Sergeant Curtis Hall. Right shoulder. 
John Hughes. Fingers. 
Robert Ames. Hij). 

At Peterslmrgj April 3, 1863. 
Corporal Daniel T. Clark. 

Heavy ARtiLLiEiiYi §1§ 

At Sailors' Creek. 
Ceorge W. Mansfield. [Also see Cold Harbor.] 


At the North An7ia% 

Charles G. Adams. Hip broken tearing up Railroad near 
Noel's Station. Draws pension. Returned to duty before the 
close of the war. 

At Skirmish on the Toloptomy. 

James A. Bryan. Leg. 

At Cold Harbor. 

Patrick Harvey. June 3. Leg. Also wounded in leg at 
James P. Quinn. Foot. 
Erastus Ruscoe. Arm. 

Corporal Harrison Whitney. Left elbow, Draws pension. 
Peter Bunts. Arm amputated. 
George Manning. Heel. 
Anson Johnson. Leg. 
Henry W. Richards. Arm. 
Royal Stone. Neck. 

Enos Benedict. June 3. Leg. Also at Cedar Creek, ankle. 
Newton Calkhis. June 7. Hand. 

At Petersburg. 
Seelye Richmond. June 22. Arm. 


At Winchester. 

Patrick Harvey. Leg. 

Leonard Hovver. Shoulder. Still suffers. 

Sergeant Joseph Sherry. Left arm broken ; never healed. 
Draws pension. 

Sergeant (afterwards Second Lieutenant) Calvin L. Davis. 
Color bearer. Right shoulder and arm. 

Thomas B. Stewart. Lost both feet. Shell. 

Lucien N. Whiting. Arm. Flesh wound. 

First Lieutenant Dwight C. Kilbourn. Both arms. Flesh 
wound. Shell. 

Anson F. Balcom. Foot. Flesh wound. 

Walter E. Foster. Hip. Slight. 

At Fisher's Hill. 
Henry Barnes. Leg. 

At Cedar CreeTc. 

John Quinn. Hand. Died in California since the war. 

Edmund Thorn. Foot and right hand. 

Corporal Frederick A. Hills. Right shoulder joint. Lost 
use of arm. Draws pension. 

Thomas O. Murphy. Neck. 

James Moran. Both hips. 

Captain (afterwards Major) A. H. Fenn. Right arm ampu- 
tated. Walked three miles to Hospital after being wounded. 

First Lieutenant Morris H. Sanford. Ai'm. 

George W. Brown. Arm. 

Henry D. Pierce. Arm. 


At Hatchers Bun. 

Charles G. "Wheeler. Breast and arm. Draws pension. 
Orange S. Brown. Finger. 

At Fort Fisher. 

"William E. McKee. Brigade Commander's Orderly. Hip. 

At the North Anna. 
George "W. Butler. Finger off. 

At Cold Harhor. 

Quarter Master Sergeant David B. "Wooster. Thigh, slight. 
Afterward killed at Fisher's Hill. 

Charles Warner. Hand. He was from "Watertown, and was 
not the Charles R. "Warner killed at Cedar Creek. 

Benjamin "Williams. Leg. Flesh wound. 

Justin O. Stoughton. Shoulder and back. 

Nathan H. Geer. Leg thrice amputated. Died at Hartford 
since the war, — in 1866. 

Corporal Albert Alfred. Hand. Severe. 

Lawrence A. Hunt. Face and mouth. 

Everett Griswold. Hand. Finger amputated. 

Chauncey Culver. Side and breast. Severe. 

"William Elliott. Back. Shell. Severe. 

Jonathan Hall. Head. Spent ball in forehead. 

"Wallace E. Beach. Arm. 

George T. Cook. Shoulder. 


Zelotes F. Grannis. Head. 

William H. Harrison. Arm. 

Kelsey D. Clark. Head. 

James Slater. Leg. (Afterward killed at Wiucliester.) 

At Petersburg. 
Matthias Walter. June 20. Thigh. Severe. 

At Winchester. 

Corporal Ira H. Stoughton. Hip. Canister. 

Corporal John A. Castle. Lung, and irom shoulders to 

groin. Very severe. 
Emery B. Taylor. Leg. 

William H. Whitelaw. Thigh and head. 

David Davenport. Leg. Slight. 

Seeley Morse. Thigh. 

G. E. Clark. Leg. Slight. 

Philip H. Golde. Arm. 

Robert Tompkins. Face. 

, George H. Bates. Side and back. Shell. Severe. 

George Hancock. Mouth. 

Frederick R, Keith. Wrist. 

At Fisher's Hill. 

Charles L. Bryan. Hand. Slight. [See Cedar Creek.] 

Swift McG. Hunter. Shoulder. 

Thomas Bulluss. Shoulder. 

Edward W. Conklin. Leg and Buttocks. 

Mark B. Stone. Arm. 

Sergeant Samuel Brown. Heel. 

James Boyce. ^, 


Sergeant Charles P. Traver. Color bearer. Arm. Promoted 
to Second Lieutenant for gallantry. 

At Cedar Creelc. 

Charles L. Bryan. Leg. Severe. Took part in the final 
battles, but died since the war (Feb. 18G6) of the effects of 
chronic diarrhea. Buried in Watertown. 

Corporal Henry N. Bushnell. Neck. Severe. 
Corporal David A. Bradley. Neck. [See Fort Fisher.] 
"William Lindley. Finger. 
Henry Tolles. Head. 

Sergeant (alterwai'ds Second Lieutenant) Amzi P. Clark. 

John L. Conklin. 

Kehemiah Dutton. Side. Severe. 

Robert Lowrie. Breast. Severe. 

First Lieutenant (afterwards Captain) Gad N. Smith. Leg. 

Corj^oral John Curtin. « • 

Corporal Ira Chaj^man. Arm. 

Edward Dwyer. Heel. 

Stephen C. Smith. Finger. 

Henry Smith. Leg. 

At Fort FWher. 

Sergeant David A. Bradley. Thigh. Severe. 
George E. Atwood. Ankle. 
Harvey Bronson. Shoulder. Severe. 
William A. Stoddard. Leg. 



At Cold Harbor, 

Ernest Basney. Arm. 
August Hain. Lung. 
Peter Jordan. Jaw and hand. 
• Ricliard Gingell. Hand. 
Patrick Lynch. Arm. 
Jacob Leroy. Arm and finger. 
Chauncey S. Loomis. Head. 
Charles G. Mason. Leg. 
Henry G. Mitchell. Arm and leg. 
John O'Connell. Arm and leg. 
Nathan Periy. Wrist and right shoulder. 
Edward L. Biker. Arm. 
William H. Seymour. Thigh. 
Henry P. Warner. Foot. 
Marcus J. Whitehead. Shot himself in hand. 
Henry Wenzel. Head, thigh and knee. 
Erastus Woodworth. Leg. 
Charles Walsh. Neck and wrist. 
Christopher Arnold. Arm. 
Edward Beach. Hix^. [See Cedar Creek.] 
Samuel U. Brewer. Leg. 
Corporal David Miller. Hand. 
Corporal William A. Hosford. Shoulder. 
Charles B. Howard. Lung. 
Philip D. Carroll. Hand. 

At Petersburg. 

Robert Bulcraft. June 22. Thigh. 
Charles Walsh. June 26. Foot. 


At Winchester, 

Edmund B. Sage. Groin. 

Sergeant (afterward Lieutenant) William S. Cooper. Thigli, 

■ Clark. Foot. 

James Maloy. Thigli. 
Martin Keaton. Leg. 
Elbert B. Rowe. Knee. 
Julius Collins. Groin. 

At Fisher's Hill. 
John Campbell. Leg. 

At Cedar Creek. 
Corporal Charles M. Burr. Leg amputated. [See page 129.] 

At Ratchefs Bun. 

Charles Walsh. Side. 
Peter Larive. Finger. 


At the North Anna, 
Charles J. Thompson. Right arm. 

At Cold Harlor, 

Alexander Waters. Right hand. 
James 0. Hotchkiss. Left arm. 
William 3Ialthouse. Left leg. 
John W. Shaw. Right leg. 
Wilham Burke. Breast and arm. 
Bernard Kelly. Hand, 


Thomas Smyth. Hand. 

Alexander McCormick. Leg. 

Timothy F. Kelly. Hand. [Also see Winchester.]' 

At Petersburg, 

Sergeant E. D. Lawrence. Shoulder. Severe. June 22. 
Sergeant James H. Hakes. Hand. Slight, April 2, 1865« 

At Winchester. , 

First Lieutenant Warren Alford. Slight. 

Corporal Byron 0. Hawley. Leg. 

Corporal Ira D. Jones. Arm. 

Corporal Thomas Noonan. Abdomen* 

Parley B. Gammons Thigh. 

John Johnson. Foot. 

Timothy F. Kelley. Right side* 

James F. Keith. Back. 

Ephraim Tucker. Arm. 

Michael McMahon, 3d. 

Edwin Walden. Thigh. 

Horace F. Calkins. Shoulder. 

Joseph McManus. Right side. Slight. 

George Simons. Hand. (Afterwards killed at Cedar Creek.) 

At Fisher's Hilt 

Corporal James H. Hakes. Shoulder. [Also see Petersburg.] 
John Rodemyer. Heel. 

At Cedar Creek, 

Sergeant Jesse Turner. Leg and buttocks* 
Otis Billings. Leg* 


Elisha L. Bancroft. Leg. 

Dwight Case. Several wounds — arm, side and thigli* 

Wayne B. Castle. Arm and side. 

Robert Cahill. Leg. Also taken prisoner. 

Morris E. Munger. Toe amputated. 

Rufus B. Smith. Arm. 

At Sailors' Creek. 

James Hyde. Arm. Slight. 

Corporal Seth Haskins. Shoulder. Severe. 

co:\rPAXY G. 

At Cold Harbor. 

Charles lugersoU. Shoulder. (Afterward mortally wounded 
at Winchester.) 
John Harris. Arm. 
Andrew J. BoUes. June 5. Foot. 
Horace Sickmund. June 3. Knee. 
John Christie. June 8. Hand. 

First Sergeant Henry Dean. Leg and thigh. Yeiy severe, 
John O'Dougherty. Arm. 
Timothy Leonard. Hand. 
John R. Thompson. Arm. 
Wesley Bunnell. Hand. 
John Byrnes. Arm. 
Michael Curley. Leg amputated. 
George Barton. Head. 
John Hawver. Shoulder. 

At Petersburg. 

Patrick Murphy. Hand. Slight. April 2, 1863. 


At Winchester. 

Sergeant Julius A. Glover. Slioulders and head. 
Corporal Alfred L. Benedict. Ankle. 
Michael Gallagher. Arm. 
William Frazier. Hip. 
Asa Lee. Leg. 
George A. Case. Leg. 

At Cedar Creek. 

Corporal Matthew P. Bell, jr. Thigh and back. Very severe. 

Corporal Edward Hawver. Thigh. 

William C. Bowne. Leg. 

Peter Gilmet. Foot. 

Lewis Hamlin. Arm. 

John Curtin. Arm. 

Ira Chapman. Arm. 

At Fort Fi^er. 

Sergeant Charles R. Swift. Shoulder. Severe. 
Corporal William Clinton. Leg. Slight. 


At Cold Harlor, 

Sergeant Lewis W. Mosher. Elbow. Shell. 

Corporal Henry A. Burton. Left hand. 

Corporal Uriah F. Snediker. Neck. Severe. 

Charles H. Butler. Hand. Slight. [Also see Winchester.] 

George Chamberlain. Leg. Slight. 


John Harris. Toe amputated. 
Henry M. 31arshall. Right fore-arm. 
Henry Paine. Heel. 
Frank J. "Warner. Arm and hand. 
Hugh O'Donnell. Head. Slight. 
Daniel T. Somers. Foot. Severe. 
Alfred N. Whittlesey. Shoulder. Very serere. 
Charles McDermott. June 8. Hand. AccidentaL 
6t-ates B. Flandreau. Side. Shell. Slight. Had served in 
a rebel regiment. 

Edward Harrinjjton. Moutli. 


At Petersburg. 

Corporal William E. Disbrovr. June 20. Hit ■vrliile carry- 
ing Harvey Pease to the rear. [Also see Winchester.] 

At Winchester. 

Second Lieutenant James M. Snowden. Left •wrist. 
Charles H. Butler. Lost right leg. 
Corporal William E. Disbrow. Shoulder. 
Charles E. Gilbert. Thigh, Severe. 
Apoilos Jennings. Hand. Slight. 
Henry W. Mallett. Hand. 
Corporal Henry S. Gridley. Fore-arm. 
Louis Weber, Xose. 

Jeremiah Thompson. Thigh. Very severe. 
Charles A. Way. Wrist. [Akio see Sailors' Creek.] 
Alfred Cables. Knee. Slight. 
Lucius S. Sherman. Foot. 

Hiram Cables. Several places with shell. Shoulder and 


At Cedar Creek. 

Firsf Lieutenant Jolm M. Gregary. Right arm amputated 
at shoulder. 

Sergeant Robert Erwiu. Right shoulder. Slight. 

Sergeant Minor A. Strong. Right thigh. Severe. 

Sergeant Irwin C. Buckingham. Thigh. 

Corj^oral Plorace N. Sanford. Shoulder and leg. Slight, 

Joseph S. Knowles. Lower jaw shattered. 

Franklin Nichols. Back. Severe. 

Alanson Peet. Right arm. Slight. 

Edward O'Brien. Abdomen. 

Homer S. Sackett. Chest. 

William Smith. Foot. 

Charles Hurd. 

At Sailors' Creek. 

Charles A. "Way. Arm. Slight. 
Frank J. Warner. Slight. 


At the North Anna. 

Charles Smith. Buttocks. 

At Cold Uarlxfr. 

Charles S. Tyrrell. Back, [xilso see Winchester.] 
Corporal Benjamin Wellman. Lelt cheek and back. [See 
chapter XIX.] 

Abucr Benuett. Arm amputated. 


Samuel Eastman. June 3. 

Daniel P. Galpin. Ankle. [Also see Wincliester.] 
Sergeant Thomas Shaw. Arm. [Also see Cedar Creek.] 
William Gregg. Lost right arm. 

Levi Hotchkiss. Hand and arm. ' 

John Hutchinson. Left breast. [Also see Cedar Creek.] 
Israel Luca^k Head. 

Seymour Lobdell. Thigh. (Afterwards killed at Cedar 

At Petersburg, 

Corporal William H. Smith. June 23. Foot. 
Ruel Hazen. June 22. Face. 

At Whicli£^sfer, 

Second Lieutenant Orsamus R. Fyler. Wounded in leg yery 
much in the same manner as Major Ells at Cold Harbor. Per- 
iosteum still unhealed. 

Sergeant Cyrus T. Nicholson. Jaw and neck. 

Sergeant ^Marcus D. Smith. Right fore-arm. 

Corporal George W. Root, Leg. 

Charles Botsford. L^g. 

David Cramer. Foot. (Afterwards killed at Fort Fisher.) 

John Harrigan. Elbow. 

Thomas Harper. Leg. 

Andrew Knoph. Leg. 

Amos A. Lucas. Knee. 

Theodore Lockwood. Leg. 

William H. Reynolds. Knee. 

Sergeant Hubbard Hotchkiss. Hand. 


Henry Taylor. Breast. 
Jolin Turley. Shin. 
Daniel B. Galpin. Leg. 
William Webster. Knee. 
Corporal Charles S. Terrell. Thigh. 
Timothy F. Walsh. Knee. (Afterwards missing at Hatch- 
er's Run.) 
Corporal Charles T. Squires. Foot. 

At Fisher's Hill 

William O'Brien. Breast. 

At Cedar Creole, 


Captain Walter Burnham. Thigh. Spherical case shot. 

Sergeant Thomas Shaw. Arm. 

Sergeant David W. Manning. Thigh. 

Sergeant Warden Stammer. Leg. 

John B. Parker. 

William Davis. Hand. 

John Hutchinson. Leg amputated. 

David Backus. 

Frederick R. Hard. Leg. 

Edwin Holland. Leg. 

John McQueeny. Head. 

Jeremiah Newcomb. Leg. 

Andrew Tiernay. Arm. 

Daniel S. Taylor. Arm. 

Theron M. Woodruff. Face. 

Albert Woodruff. 

Charles Wright. Shoulder. 

Corporal Bela Potter. Leg. 


At Fort Fisher. 

Henry C. Rogers. Hand. Severe. 

At Sailors^ Creek, 
Charles Fox. Arm. Sliorlat. 


C03IPA]SfY K. 

At Cold Harbor, 

Edgar J. Stewart Back. Piece of shell. 

Corporal James Tracy. Head and arm. 

John A. Ludford. Right arm amputated. 

Francis Sothergill. Arm. 

Thomas Coleraine. Back. Sent to White House and never 
heard from again. 

George A. Wood. Hip and arm. Sent to White House and 
never heard from, 

William H. Stevens. Thigh. 

Chauncey Stevens. Leg. 

George Brown. Shoulder. 

William W. Wheeler. Arm and shoulder. 

Corporal Enoch M. Warhurst. Head. 

Philo H. Bassett. Arm and breast. 

Corporal Patrick Farrell. Head. 

Stephen P. Harlow. Leg. 

Homer W. Hodge. Arm. 

Charles A. Hoyt. Leg. 

Bernard C. Keegan. Lost leg. 

George E. Taylor. Arm. 

Evelyn L. Thorpe. Arm. 


At Pete7*sbu2'g. > 

Trumau Favereau. Thigh. June 22. 
Michael Convey. June 22. 
George H. Knapp. Left shoulder. June 22. 
John Ette. Right elbow. June 21. 

At Winchester, 
William S. Hines. Head. 

At Fisher's EilL 
Allen S. Tuttle. Finger. 

At Cedar Creek, 

William Hart. Hip. 

Erwin Monroe. Left hip. Slight. 

John Burns. Both legs. 

Daniel Briggs. Thigh. 

Anglebert Hermann. Breast. 

George D. Beman. Right leg, amputated below knee. 


In Skirmish near the ToUpotomy, 

Corporal James Wilson. Neck. 
Henry McGinety. Leg. 

At Cold Harbor, 

Captain James Deane. Forehead. 

Sergnant (afterwards Lieutenant) Austin P. Kirkham. Head. 


Corporal (afterwards Sergeant Major) John L. Parmclee. Leg. 

James Gillen. Hand. 

Edward Thomas, 1st. Leg, 

William Vrooman. Groin. 

George Reed, Foot. 

Thomas Dailey. Thigh. June 3. 

At Petershn^g. 

Sergeant George Parker. Side. June 20. 

Corporal George Babcock. Hand. Slight. April 2, 1865. 

John Owens. Hand. Slight. April 2, 1865. 

At Winchester. 

Sergeant /Vjidrew Clark. Leg. 
Charles H. Ryan. Arm. 
James Hyatt. Thigh. 
Peter D. Nelson. Arm. 
"WiUiam Hall. Side. 
James ^McDonald. Arm. 
Frank Sabine. Shoulder, 

At Cedar CreeTc. 

Second Lieutenant James M. Snowden, Arm. 
Sergeant William A. Slenker. Leg. 

At Hatcher's Run. 

Jesse Cady. Thighs. 

At Fort Fisher. 

CoriDoral John Holt. Mouth. Slight. 

Second Lieutenant Admatha Bates. Foot. Slight. 



At the North Anna. 

James Graliam. Thigh. 

At Cold Harlor. 

Sergeant Silas A. Palmer. Finger. 

Sergeant William E. Canfield. Hand. Slight. June 3. 

Corporal Amaziah Livingston. Leg and arm. 

Myron W. Schultz. Face. 

Patrick Kennedy. Leg. 

John Burns. Arm. June 3. 

At Petersburg. • 

Thomas Colburn. Shoulder. June 20, 
James Parker. June, 1864. 

At Winchester, 

Charles Brant. Back and hand. 
Thomas Doyle. Back. 
Martin H. Grube. Abdomen. 
William Hoflman. Wrist. 
Theodore Drune. Leg. 

At Fisher's Hill. 

Corporal William Munson. Leg. 

At Cedar Creek. 

Charles Allen. Leg. 
Sergeant Henry Maskell. 



Charles C. Boswortli. Wrist. 

George Daj'ton. Leg. 

James Fitzsimmons. Ann and breast. 

Peter Ward, Leg and breast. 

Henrj^ Strih. Jaw. 

Patrick Feneren. Ear. 

Peter Hayden. Head. [Also see Hatchers Run.] 

Sergeant (afterward Lieutenant) Azarie N. Lamoreux. Shoul- 
der. Solid shot. Knocked him some distance, but did not 
seriously injure him. 

At Ilatchcr's Run. 

Starr L. Booth. Leg. 

Peter Hayden. Head. Slight. 

At Fort Fisher. 

Sela Wheeler. Neck. Severe. 
James Fay. Thigh. Severe. 




a hitherto unpublished officixil report op the 
operations of the regiment from march 1, 1864, to 
March 1, 1865. 

If a person unacquainted with Connecticut war liistory were 
to glance at the pages of the Annual Reports of the Adjutant 
General of Connecticut for 1865 and 1866, he would be very 
likely (unless he looked carefully at figures) to credit the Fwst 
Artillery with much fighting, and the Second Artillery with 
but little. Colonel Abbott's reports of the operations of the 
First Artillery at the front from the tune of leaving the 
Defences of Washington, (which was a week earlier than we 
left, in May, 1864,) to the close of the war, occupy seventy- 
one pages in those volumes, while the Second Artillery re- 
ports occupy but nineteen ])ages. And yet, the respective 
losses by fighting in these two regiments during the whole of 
that time were as follows : 


Killed, - - 21 Killed, - - 234 

Wounded - - 84 Wounded, - - 470 

Missing, - - none Missing, - - 24 

Died in rebel prisons, none Died in rebel prisons, 23 

The First Artillery was the larger regiment of the two. 
Of officers, the First Artillery lost only two killed and five 


Wonnded, — all of them line officers, and all but one below the 
rank of Captain. 

Our loss in officers was ten killed, including one Colonel, 
one Major, and four Captains; twenty-three wounded, in- 
cluding one Colonel, (three different times,) one Lieutenant 
Colonel, two Majors, one Adjutant, and six Captains ; two 
taken prisoners ; and one missing. 

Now this preponderance of losses in the Second Artillery 
exjjlains, in some degree, the preponderance of official rep&rt 
in the First Artillery. Their report is none too lon^-, but 
ours far too brief. That regiment was stationary during near^ 
ly the whole time, under the same commanding officer ; its 
adjutant, sergeant major and clerks in continuous and undis- 
turbed possession of all regimental records and documents; 
and its communications never broken. With us the case was 
dil^ereut. Our regiment vras under the command of no less 
than six different officers, — while the command of companies 
ran through the entire roster of officers and sergeants. Some- 
times an officer suddenly found himself in charge of two 
companies, — and was required to account for the ordnance 
and other proj^erty of both, and also to forward all the regular 
reports for both. First Sergeants were killed with the com- 
pany records, torn and scattered by musket balls or obliterated 
by blood, on their persons. One Sergeant Major was killed, 
and another^severely wounded. Important papers were una- 
voidably left in the Adjutant's quarters at Cedar Creek, and 
upon returning at night it was found that the rebels had used 
some of them to kindle fires with, and ransacked and scattered 
the rest in all directions, — instead of following up their vic- 
tory. This delay of theirs was providential for the country, 
but bad for the records of the Second Connecticut. 


It must be evident from tliese facts, that the making out 
and prompt forwarding of full and correct reports was a 
difficult matter. When Colonel Mackenzie was in command 
it was not only difficult but impossible. Unlike Colonel Kel- 
logg, or any other Commanding Officer of the regiment, he 
always made an Orderly of his Adjutant, and called him in- 
cessantly, day and night, to run all over camp, and elsewhere 
on all sorts of small errands, which might as well have been 
done by some one else, and which might better have not been 
done at all. And as though that were not enough, the Adju- 
tant was detailed in the Valley as Regimental Ordnance 
Officer, and required, in addition to his proper duties, to 
account to the Government for all the nuiskets, accoutrements 
and ammunition of the regiment, which were changing daily. 

Notwithstanding all these difficulties, a full report of our 
operations in the Valley had been worked at, a few minutes 
at a time, for several mouths, until it was about ready to be 
signed and forwarded to the Adjutant General of Connecti- 
cut, — when the regiment was ordered back from the Valley to 
City Point. The regimental field desk, almost ready to tumble 
in pieces with campaigning, containing the aforesaid Report, 
and other official documents, was turned over to the Quarter- 
master's Department for transportation, and that was the last 
ever seen of it. Some of the papers enclosed therein — includ- 
ing Mackenzie's commission as Colonel — were picked up in 
the streets of Washington. 

And now, the Report to the Adjutant General had to be 
made out again, de novo ; — and that without any data, except 
such as could be picked up among the Companies. Colonel 
Hubbard, now in command, directed the Chaplain, Rev. Win- 
throj) H. PheljDs, to undertake the task. After an immense 


amount of labor and research, the Chaplain completed it; and 
through some inadvertence it was forwarded without the sig- 
nature of Colonel Plubbaid. This was too much for the red- 
tapists of Hartford. They had nice writing tables, nice arm 
chairs, nice pens, inkstands, paper, windows and gas burners, 
to do their fighting by, and these things perhaps made them 
over nice on very small points. The report was sent back, 
d-own to the extreme front, for an official signature, at the immi- 
nent risk of its finding the commanding officer killed, the 
whole regiment captured, or a corporal in command who could 
not write. Colonel Hubbard said he would not forward the 
report again, and did not. The Adjutant General of Con- 
necticut thus refers to the matter in his report for 18G5 : 

A report of the operations of this regiment during the year was 
received, signed by the Chaplain. As this could not be considered 
OFFICIAL, the report was returned for the sigTiature of the command- 
ing officer of the regiment. I have delayed as long as possible for its 
return, but it has not come to hand. The muster-rolls and returns do 
not give any account of the movements of the regiment. It will, 
therefore, be necessary to omit any history at this time — but in the 
next annual report the history can be given for the two years. 

Also thus, in his report ior 1866 : 

No complete report of the operations of this regiment has been 
received at these head-quarters, from its commanding officer, since 
June 8th, 1864, and I am therefore unable to furnish as complete a 
history of its operations as is desirable, or to place on the official 
records as full a report of its many engagements as the long and ardu- 
ous services of both officers and men so truly merit. 

The following is the Official Report in question, with the 
exception of a list of casualties, — which, being included ia 
other lists in this volume, is here omitted: 


MARCH 1, 1805. 

At the commencement of this period, as for several months 
previous, this regiment was doing garrison duty near Alexan- 
dria, Virginia, in Forts Ellsworth, Williams, and Worth,— for- 
tifications of the Defences of Washington South of the Poto- 
mac. At that time its aggregate of present and absent was 
one thousand seven hundred and thirty-nine. On the 15th of 
May it relieved the First Massachusetts iS^rtillery and Second 
New York Artillery, and went into the eleven forts further up 
the line, vacated by those regiments, with head-quarters at 
Fort Corcoran, opposite Georgetown. During the night of 
the l&ih, however, it also received orclers to prepare for the 
iront, and at midnight of the 17th moved out and entered 
upon more active service,. with one thousand six hundred and 
fifty present for duty. The activity of the service is fully 
shown by the following list of marches and engagements. 

The distances given in the list only apiDroximate correct- 
ness, being ascertained from a rehable maj) and inquiries on 
the marches ; and will probably fall short of rather than exceed 
the truth. No more will the total of the distances specified 
give the total of miles travelled, as no account is made of the 
movements of the regiment between these marches. 

The time mentioned is not the marching time, but the 
whole between the hour of starting and stopping. 


First — From the forts to the Army of the Potomac, at 
Bpottsylvania, — distance seventy miles, time sixty-six hours — 


May 18th, 19th, and 20tli. Forty miles of this distance was 
by boat ; and two-thirds of the first night were engaged in 
preparations and marching. 

Second — From SiDottsylyania to the Xorth Anna Riyer, at 
Jericho Ford, — distance tlurty-five miles, time forty-eight 
hours — May 22d and 23d. Marched the whole of the first 

Tliird- — From the North Anna Riyer to Hanoyer Town, — 
distance thirty fiye miles, time twenty-seyen hours — 3[ay 2Gth 
and 2Tth, Marched agam the whole of the fii-st night, and 
made in seyenteen consecutiye hours twenty-seyen miles. 

Foirrtli — From Hanoyer to near Mechauicsyille, — distance 
ten miles, time fourteen hours — May 30th. 

Fifth — From near ^lechanics^ille to Cold Harbor, — distance 
ten miles, time nine hours — June 1st. Called up at midnight 
to be ready. 

Sixth — From Cold Harbor to near Point of Rocks, — distance 
sixty-four miles, time one hundred and eleyen hours — June 
12th to ITth. This march was by way of Charles City (near 
it) and Bermuda Hundreds, and the distance — twenty miles — 
between the latter places was by boat. Marched the whole of 
the first night and the next day, and made thirty miles in the 

Seventh — From near Point of Rocks to before Petersburg, — 
distance seven miles, time five hours — June 19th. 

Eighth — From Xorth to South of Petersl)urg, — distance 
seyen miles, time eight night hours — June 21st. 

liinth — From Petersburg to Ream's Station and back, to 
destroy Weldon Railroad, — distance twenty miles, time tyventy- 
eight hours, including the time engaged in the work — June: 
29th and 30th. Marched one night on this raid. 


Tentli — From Petersburg to Fort Stevens, near Washing- 
ton, — distance three hundred and one miles, time sixty-thre« 
hours — July 9th to 12th. By transports from City Point to 
Washington. Embraced an exceedingly disagreeable night 

Eleventh — From Fort Stevens to near Berryville, Va., (Shen- 
andoah Valley,) by way of Poolesviile and Leesburg, — dis- 
tance sixty-one miles, time one hundred and seventy hours — 
July 13th to 20th, including three days in which we did no 

Twelfth — From near Berryville to Washington, by way of 
Leesburg and Dranesville, — distance fifty- nine miles, time 
sixty-nine hours — July 20th to 2od. The first twenty-six 
miles were marched in twenty-one consecutive hours. 

Thirteenth — From the fortifications south of the Potomac, 
opposite Washington to Halltown, Va., by way of Frederick 
and Harper's Ferry, — distance sixty-six miles, time seventy- 
two hours — July 26th to 29th. Six night hours. 

Fourteenth - From Halltown to the Monocacy River, near 
Buckeystown, — distance thirty miles, time ninety-four hours — 
July 30th to Aug. 3d. Marched nearly the wdiole of the first 
night, but halted the second and third days. 

Fifteenth — From the Monocacy River to Halltown, by way 
of Jefferson, — distance thirty miles, time twenty-one hours — 
Aug. 5th and 6th. 3Iarched again the whole of the first 

Sixteenth — From Halltown to near Strasburg and back to 
Cedar Creek, — distance forty miles, time eighty-eight hours — 
Aug. 10th to 13th. 

Seventeenth — From Cedar Creek to near Charlestown, — dis- 


tance tliirty-two miles, time forty-five hours — Aug. ICtli, ITtli 
and 18th. Marched all the first night. 

Eirjliteenth — From near Charlestown to Halltown, — distance 
six miles, time five hours — Aug. 22d, mostly night hours. 

Ifineteenth — From Halltown to near Charlestown again, — 
distance slx miles, time eight hours — Aug. 28th. 

Twentieth — From near Charlestown to Clil'ton, — distance ten 
miles, time six hours — Sept. 3d. 

Twenty 'first — From Clifton to Harrisonburg, — distance 
eighty-two miles, time one hundred and fifty-one hours — Sept. 
19th to 25th. Fought the victorious battles of Winchester 
and Fisher's Hill during the time, and forty-eight of the one 
hundred and fifty-one hours were engaged in preparing for 
the latter battle. . 

Twenty-second — From Harrisonburg to near Front Royal, by 
"way of Middletown, — distance sixty-four miles, tim€ ^one hund- 
red and five hours, inclusive of one halt of thh'ty-sLx hours — 
Oct. 6th to 10th. 

Twenty -third — From near Front Royal to Millwood and 
hack to Cedar Creek, — distance twenty-seven miles, time 
thirty hours— Oct. 13th and 14th. 

Twenty-fourth — From Cedar Creek to near Kearnstown, — 
distance eight miles, time fiv« hours — Nov. 9th. 

Twenty-fifth — From Kearnstown to Petersburg, by way of 
Washington, — distance four hundred and twenty-nine miles, 
time ninety-six hours — Dec. 1st to oth. The whole of the dis- 
tance, except eight miles, by boat and rail. 

Twenty-Sixth — From Petersburg to Hatcher's Run and back, 
— distance 14 miles, time fifty-four hom's, inclusive of the time 
in the engagement at the lalter place — Feb. oth to 8th. 



First — North Anna, a skirmish, May 24th and 25th, 
Second — Near Mechanicsville, a skirmisli, May 31&t. 
Third — Cold Harbor, a battle, June 1st. 
Fourth — Petersburg, a skirmish, June 22d. 
Fifth — Winchester, a battle, Sei)t. 19th. 
>S7.i'^/i— Fisher's Hill, a battle, Sept. 22d. 
Seventh — Cedar Creek, a battle, Oct. 19th. 
Eighth — Hatcher's Run, a battle, Feb. 6th and 7th. 

From the foregoing list of marches it is. clearly evident the 
regiment has had no fixed abiding place, except within the 
Second Brigade, First Division, Sixth Corps, to which it was 
assigned upon reaching the Army of the Potomac^ May 20tli. 
And from this it was detached July 25th ; when, to the gceat 
gratification of the men, it again went into the fortifications- 
around Washington, and thus to its chosen, preferred and 
rightiul branch of the service. But equally to their regret 
they left those fortifications again twenty-three hours after, 
for the regiment to resume its former jjlace in that Corps. 
The time given in iha table to the marches possibly may indi- 
cate great leisure, but it would be quite otherwise, especially 
with some of them, if simply the marching time could be 
given. They were exceedingly exhaustive not only of the 

* All the days from the 1st to the 12th of June, (at C©kl Harbor,) 
and the 20th and 21st of June, (at Petersburg-,) deserve a place in the 
Chaplaui's list of engagements ; as the regiment was under tire during 
nearly all that time, and meeting with almost hourly losses. 

It must also be borne in mind that this report gives only the en- 
gagements and marches prior to March 1, 1865. There were subse- 
CLuently the engagements of Fort Fisher, Caj^ture of Petersburg, and 
Sailor's Creek ; and hundreds of miles of cruel marching. 


strength of the men, but consequently of the ranks of the 
regnnent. During the period embraced in tliis report live 
hundred have been sent to the Division or General Hospital, 
sick, and of this number probably full three-fourths had their 
sickness fi'om this as the primary and principal cause. 

Ever will the regiment remember the march — its first of any 
length — from Belleplain to the Army of the Potomac. Not 
yet having learned to dispense with extra clothing and the 
many little comforts and conveniences of garrison life, it had 
on the start overloaded itself; nevertheless, and though unac- 
customed to burden-bearing, it was required at the former place 
to receive one hundred rounds of cartridges and six davs' 

CI? tj 

rations. Failing strength however soon unloaded the over- 
loaded knapsacks ; and the amount of personal eifects then 
thrown away has been estimated by othcers who witnessed 
and have carefully calculated it to be from twenty to thirty 
thousand dollars. To this amount must be added the loss to 
Grovernment in the rations and ammunition left on the way, 
thought to be nearly if not fully one-half the amount taken, 
especially of the ammunition. 

"While this one march is memorable to. the regiment from 
this over loading and consequent waste, others are memorable 
from the deprivations endured. On some of the marches it 
has been one and two days with scarcely any thing to eat. 
To appease hunger on one occasion beef was killed and served 
out. This was hastily roasted and eaten without salt or sea- 
soning of any kind to make it healthy or palatable. Raw corn 
has been eagerly gathered kernel by kernel in empty granaries, 
and eaten with a relish. Speaking of the hunger and the 
effects of one of the marches, the diary of one of the surgeons 
of the regiment says: "This is the day of all days which the 


Second Connecticut Volunteer Artillery will always remember. 
Yie started at six a. m. on another march. Now the men fall 
out too fast for both of us to keep track of them, I am hurried 
from point to point to see men who have fallen by the road- 
side. It is awful to behold. The men fall like dogs stricken 
with clubs. No rations for two days. Officers and men are 
tired out and starved out. At noon we halt in a piece of 
undergrowth, and rations are dealt out to the men. The sun 
was very hot, and not less than eight or ten men were sun 

These times of suffering, it should however be said, were 
only occasional — very seldom, and the result of circumstances. 
They are mentioned not in a spirit of complaint at all or desire 
to cast censure upon the liberality or faithfulness of Govern- 
ment, but simply that the soldiers' deprivations and conse- 
quent trial of patriotism may be known. 

As can be readily seen from the foregoing list, the regiment 
has marched seven hundred and eigthy-nine miles, and been 
transported seven hundred and twenty-nine. 

After an exceedingly fatiguing and dusty march, for which 
the regiment was called up at midnight, and without a day's 
rest for better than two weeks, it arrived upon the battle 
ground of Cold Harbor, about one o'clock p. m., and went 
immediately into line of battle. In a short time the artillery 
opened on both sides with deafening roar, and for an hour 
or more the enemy's shell were flying and bursting in all 
directions. But undismayed and dinnerless, unslinging knap- 
sacks, it rushes forward, with the going down of the sun, on 
the ordered charge, in three lines of battle. Though the 
musketry of the enemy is terrific and murderous, and the ob- 
structions formidable indeed, yet it presses on and takes and 


holds, till Tvithclrawn in the morning, "vs-itli the foe on either 
side, a jDortion of the enemy's inner line of intrenchments. 
During this charge several hundred of the enemy surrender 
to this regiment, but others taking them in receive the praise 
of their capture. 

This was the first time tlie regiment was under fire, conse- 
quently considerable anxiety was felt in reference to the 
manner in which it would acquit itself. But whatever were 
the fears and apprehensions in respect to this before the 
battle, during the battle they all vanished, and the Regiment 
received the praise of its Brigade and Division Commanders, 
that veterans could not have done better. 

Among the killed, and sending a thrill of sadness through 
the regiment, was Colonel Elisha Kellogg. His loss was 
deeply deplored, for he was the father of the regiment. He 
took it in its earliest youth, ignorant of the very alpha of 
tactics and restive under military discipline, taught it the one 
— officers and privates — subdued it to the other, and brought 
it to the fijiished attainments of its manhood. The one to 
whom the regiment had been accustomed to look as authoritv, 
by nature in his form, carriage and standard a model soldier, 
large and kind hearted, had fallen, and a feeling of orphanage 
came over the regiment. The idolizing command wejit for its 
idolizing commander. 

After three and a half months of almost continifous march- 
ing, and in a distant locaUty, which the God of nature has 
bountifully beautified and enriched, and the hand of man 
has admirably cultivated and improved, the regiment is again 
in battle. This time near Winchester in the Shenandoah 
Valley, Ya. Sept. 19th, at two o'clock p. m. the bugle notes 
of the oft heard but dreaded "pack up call" rang through 


the camp daily asssuming comeliness, and at four o'clock, in 
darkness visible, the regiment was under way. Nine o'clock 
found it upon the battle ground, with the battle already pro- 
gressing by the cavalry. It is soon called from its resting place 
in a small ravine, over which the shell had been flying, and 
enters the struggle just as a refluent wave is setting to the 
rear. On however it goes, closing up and charging, with the 
advancing line, for hours. Though many of its numbers — ■ 
numbers greatly reduced by the exhausting marches of the 
Summer — ^fall upon the right and left, some never to rise, otli- 
ers to be carried to the rear and thence to the grave, not once 
does it shrink from making its way across ravines or open 
fields, ch'ivmg the foe constantly before it, as is done the whole 
length of the line. Its gentlemanly and brave Brigade Com- 
mander, General Upton, has but to desire two Companies to 
accompany him quite a distance in advance to flank a portion 
of the enemy, and they are promptly ready and wholly suc- 
cessful. Companies D and F were designated to go on the 
undertaking. Night finds the foe driven at all points and 
fleeing in complete rout, and just out of Winchester the regi- 
ment is halted till morning, having fought over three miles of 
ground that day. 

At early dawn the regiment is again, with the whole force, 
on its way after the fleeing enemy. They are found, soon after 
noon, in their old strong hold, one of the strongest of the 
strong — Fisher's Hill. Till the next day p. m. is spent re- 
connoitering, planning and skirmishing, and then the regi- 
ment advances. The skirmish line of the foe is driven from 
field to field. General Sheridan and staff being on the skirmish 
line observing and directing. He has but to make known to 
Lieutenant Colonel Hubbard of this regiment, the Corps Offi- 


cer of the Day, his desire for the skirmishers to reach a given 
point, and on the double quick they advance to it, to his 
satisfaction. Several Companies of this regiment are among 
the skirmisliers. The next day — the 22d, ail things ready, 
each corps and regiment in its assigned place — the Nineteenth 
directly in front of the enemy, the Sixth upon the right, and 
the Eighth upon the right of the Sixth, they await the sum- 
mons for attack. The Nineteenth keeps up, as it has been 
doing, a fierce cannonading and maintaius a threatening atti- 
tude upon the enemy's centre, drawing attention to that point, 
and in seemingly an unexpected moment, late in the p. m. the 
Eighth Corps swoops down from its position on the mountain 
side, upon the left iiank of the opposing force. At the same 
time the Sixth advances, taking the various intrenchments, 
and suddenly the foe is fleeing in dismay and confusion, to 
save itself from total capture. 

In this attack the course of this regiment v\'as exceedingly 
difficult. Through a dense wood, down a steep rocky cliff, 
across a stream and then up the opposite high bank, climbing 
by help of the bushes, it makes its way, all the while under 
fire. But before its bold advance and at its near approach 
the enemy flees. 

All that night they pursue the enemy almost wholly bereft 
of artillery and with greatly depleted ranks, so many had the 
the Union forces captured in the attack. For three successive 
days the pursuit is continued. But the foe eludes its pur- 
suers, and the regiment and the Army of the Shenandoah halt 
around the beautiful place of Harrisonburg, one hundred 
miles from its base of supplies. 

Less than four weeks pass and this fleeing but now re- 
ored enemy, with the v^ry first rays of oiDeniug day, and 


on a densely foggy morning, comes suddenly, in an adroitly 
planned attack, upon its thus far successful foe; Tvakes it 
from its slumbers, and almost unhindered sweeps through its 
camps, with great slaugiiter. This regiment is hurried into 
position, and in its eJfforts to check the foe, before wdiich the 
other corps have fled disorganized and routed, resolutely 
maintains that position till its daring and unconquerable Col- 
onel is ordered to withdraw, as he is being flanked right and 
left. For a time it is grcidually driven yet aways further back, 
where a line is formed which in the p. m. suceessfully advances 
and drives the foe, with the aid of the cavalry, with great loss 
of men, arms, artillery, trains, etc., back even beyond its late 
position, in a defeat far greater than its morning victory. 

Three months and a half and the regiment finds itself again 
fighting at least a portion of the same troops in the battle of 
Hatcher's Run, southwest of Petersburg. Called from camp 
Sunday night, Feb. 5th, it is in reserve till late Monday p. m., 
when it is ordered to the help of the Fifth Corps at the scene 
of action. It is hurried in on the double quick, loading as it 
goes, and while the brigade is forming in line of battle, with- 
out support on either side, the enemy, concealed in its move- 
ments by a thicket, charge upon it. For a moment it is 
thrown into confusion, and the whole brigade seems likely to 
be captured by the flanking and on-coming foe. It however 
si^eedily recovers and finds its fire has checked the enemy and 
driven them back. Night then puts a stop to the battle. 
The next day the regiment is engaged only as support, and 
during the night, chilled by the cold, w^et by the drizzling 
rain of the entire day, and through deep mud, it returns to 

In this attack the brigade was commanded by Colonel James 


Hubbard of this regiment, "who was highly comj^limented by 
General Warren, commanding the Fifth Corps, and General 
Wheaton. commanding this Division, for the manner in which 
he handled the brigade, and for its conduct in this crisis of 
the battle. 

Fixed in the mind of the regiment is the 22d of June, when 
after having marched all niglit it skirmished with the enemy 
on the south ol Petersburg, in a very dense thicket of small 
pines and underbrush, and the skirmishers met the foe ad- 
vancing in line of battle. Through this same thicket, in 
W'hich it was scarcely possible to make progress, the regiment 
attempted a night charge, which was relinquished because of 
the impossibility of keeping the lines connected. 

In all these battles the regiment has maintained its good 
name as a heroic and undismayed regiment, and received the 
unqualified commendation of its brigade, division and corp s 

After the death of Colonel E. S. Kellogg, R, S. Mackenzie 
of the U. S. Corps of Engineers, was appointed to the vacancy. 
He was wounded in the hand in the skirmish, .June 22d, and 
in the foot and shoulder at the battle of Cedar Creek, Oct. 
19th. General Sheridan made special and honorable mention 
of him in his report of the latter engagement, and for his 
bravery in the Valley campaign he has been promoted to 
a Brigadier Generalship, and is now in command of this 

James Q. Rice, Major, F. J. Candee, First Lieutenant, and 

H- Hubbard, Second Lieutenant, were killed in the Winchester 

battle. L. Wadhams, F. M. Berry. O. H. Knight, Captains, 

and George B. Hempsted and James P. McCabe, Lieutenants, 



have died of their wounds. William B. Ells, Major, William 
H. Lewis, Alexander B. Sbumway and W, Burnham, Captains, 
liave been honorably discharged the ser\ice in consequence of 
wounds, also B. H. Camp, J. M. Gregory and M. H. Sanford, 
Lieutenants. J. Skinner, Major, A. H. Fenn, James DeanC' 
Captains, H. E. Tuttle, G. Smith, James M. Snowden and D. 
C. Kllbourn, Lieutenants, have recovered from wounds and 
are now on duty ; but Lieutenant O. R. Fyler is still disabled. 
H. Skinner and A. P. Kirkhara, Lieutenants, have been taken 
prisoners ; and Lieutenant C. B. Hatch has not been heard 
from since the battle of Cold Harbor. 

In consequence of their gallant and meritorious conduct in 
battle Major J. Skinner was breveted Lieutenant Colonel ; 
Captains A. H. Fenn and W. Burnham, Majors, and Lieuten- 
ant J. M. Gregory, Captain. 

During the greater j^art of the Winter it has been announced 
weekly by order, which regiment in the brigade has presented, 
at the Sabbath inspection, tlie cleanest appearance and been 
the most fully equipped. This regiment has thus far received 
this honor weekl}^, with but two exceptions. During the 
same time it has also been the practice to select irom the 
ranks the cleanest and most perfectly equipped soldier in the 
division, and to reward him Avith a furlough for twenty days. 
This lienor has also come to this regiment weekly, with only 
one exception. 

Of the two months pay received at Belleplain the regiment 
expressed through the Chaplain seventeen thousand dollars ; 
and of the four months pay received at Cedar Creek two 
hundred and seventy-five individuals sent in the same way 
nineteen thousand three hundred and ninety-one dollars. 
These sums are in addition to the amount sent by mail. 



During the year two hundred and thirty-eight of the regi- 
ment have deserted. 

The casualties in the regiment in the various engagements 
reach the number of seven hundred and forty-three, and are 
alphabetically and numerically given. 


Chaplain 2d C. Y. A. 
To Col. James Hubbard, 

Commanding 2d C. V. A. 





Leverett Wessells. Resigned Sept. 15, 1863. 

Elisha S. Kclloffg:. Killed in action June 1, 1864. 

James Hubbard. Declined Commission. 

Ranald S. Mackenzie. Promoted Brig. Gen. Dec. 28, 1864. 

James Hubbard. Bvt. Brig, Gen. Must, out xlugust 18, 1865, 

Lieutenant Colonels. 

Elisha S. Kellogg. Promoted Colonel Oct. 23, 1863. 
Nathaniel Smith. Resigned lor disability May 0, 1864. 
James Hubbard. Promoted Colonel Jan. 7, 1865. 
Jefti'ey Skinner. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
William B. Ells. Com. vacated, Lieut. Colonel Hubbard hav- 
ing declined Com. as Colonel. 


Nathaniel Smith. Promoted Lieut. Colonel Nov. 5, 1863. 
James Hul^bard. Promoted Lieut. Colonel May 13, 1864. 
William B. Ells. Discharged Dec. 24, 1864. 
James Q. Rice. Killed in action Sept. 19, 1864. 
Jeffrey Skinner. Promoted Lieut. Colonel Jan. 7, 1865. 
Edward W. Jones. Mustered out August IS, 1865. 
Chester D. Cleveland. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Augustus H. Fenn. Clustered out August 18, 18G5. 



Charles J. Demmg. Resigned July 30, 1803. 

Busbrod H. Camp. Discliarged for disability, Nov, 5, 1S64. 

Theodore F. Vaill. Mustered out August 18, ISGo. 


Bradley D. Lee. Promoted Captain Feb. 17, 1864. 
Ed^vard C. Huxley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 


Jonathan A. TTainwright. Resigned Jan. 20, 1863. 
"Winthrop H. Phelps. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 


Henry Plumb. Discharged August 12, 1865. 

First Assistant Surgeons. 

John W. La^vton. Must, out to enter U. S. A. April 4, 18G3. 
Robert G. Hazzard. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Second Assistant Surgeons. 

John W. La^ton. Promoted 1st Asst. Surgeon, Oct. 28, 186"?. 
Robert G. Hazzard. Promoted 1st Asst Surgeon, July 21, 1863. 
Judson B. Andrews. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 


William Bissell. Resigned July 21, 1863. 
James Hubbard. Promoted Major 2sov. 5, 1863. 
James Q. Rice. Promoted Major Feb. 17, 1864. 
William B. Ehs. Promotcel Major Feb. 6, 1864. 
Jeffrey Skinner. Promoted Major May 13, 1864. 
Edward W. Jones. Promoted Major Oct. 8, 1804, 
Edward F. Gold. Discharged Feb. 21, 1865. 
George S, Williams. Resigned March 16, 1864» 
Eli SpeiTy. Resigned ilarch 30, 1864. 


Edward O. Peck. Resigned JuW 25, 18G3. 

Lunian Wadhams. Died of wounds June 3, 18G4. 

William T. Spencer. Mustered out July 20, 1SG5. 

William H. Lewis, jr. Discharged Jan. 25, 1865. 

Bradley D. Lee. Com. revoked March 22, 18G4, appointed A. 

C. S. of Volunteers. 
Edward W. Marsh. Mustered out July 20, 18G5. 
James Deane. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 
Benjamin F. Hosford. Killed in action Oct. 19, 1804. 
Frederick M. Berry. Died of wounds Sept. 28, 1864. 
Augustus H. Fenn. Promoted Major Jan. 7, 1865. 
Walter Burnham. Discliarged Feb. 23, 1865. 
Oren H. Knight. Died ot wounds July 6, 1864. 
Alexander B. Shumway. Discharged Feb. 4, 1865. 
Robert A. Potter. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Morris H. Sanford. Discharged (as First Lieut.) Jan. 13, 18G5. 
Chester D. Cleveland. Promoted Major Jan. 7, 1865. 
Gad N. Smith. :Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Daniel E. Marsh. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Hubbard E. Tuttle. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
^ames K. Coe. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Theodore F. Vaill. Must, out (as First Lieut.) August 18, '65. 
Michael Kelley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Henry S. McKinney. Mustered out August 23, 1865. 
Orlow J. Smith. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Henry Skinner. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

First Lieutenants. 

Luman Wadhams. Promoted Captain August 11, 1863. 

Frederick A. Cook. Resigned June 5, 1863. 

William T. Spencer. Promoted Captain August 11, 1883. 

William H. Lewis, jr. Promoted Captain Nov. 20, 1863. 

Benjamin F. Hosford. Promoted Captain March 15, 1864. 

James Deane. Promoted Captain Feb. 19, 18G4. 

Gideon D. Crane. Resigned Dec. 26, 1862. 

Frederick M. Berry. Promoted Captain March 26, 1864. 

Lyman Teater. Resigned March 2, 1863. 


Augustus H. Fenn. Promoted Captain March 31, 1864. 
Walter Buruliam. Promoted Captain April 21, 1804. 
Oreu H. Knigbr. Promoted Captain June 21, 18G4. 
Alexander B. Sbumway. Promoted Captain July 11, 1804. 
Robert A. Potter. Promoted Captain August 12, 1864. 
Morris H. Sanford. Promoted Captain Oct. 22, 1864. 
Chester D. Cleveland. Promoted Captain Oct. 22, 1864. 
Wilbur W. Birge. Discharged Sept. 7, 1864. • 
John M. Gregory. Discharged Jan. 10, 1865. 
James N. Coe. Promoted Captain Feb. 4, 1865. 
Oliver P. Loomis. Discharged August 30, 1804. 
William McK. Rice. Died of disease Nov. 8, 1864. 
Gad N. Smith. Promoted Captain Nov. 30, 1864. 
Theodore F. Yaill. Promoted Captain March 2, 1805. 
Philip E. Chapin. Discharged Oct. 17, 1804. 
Edv.iu S. Hubbard. Discharged Dec. 31, 1864. 
Franklin J. Candee. Killed in action Sept. 19, 1804. 
Warren Alibrd. Discharged for disability Apiil 20, 1865. 
James P. McCabe. Died of wounds Oct. 3, 1804. 
Edward C. Iluxley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Orlow J. Smith. Promoted Captain March 30, 1805. 
Henry Skinner. Promoted Captain March 30, 1865. 
Daniel E. Marsh. Promoted Captain Jan. 7, 1805. 
Hubbard E. Tuttle. Promoted Captain Jan. 7, 1865. 
Michael Kelley. Promoted Captain March 2, 1865. 
Orsamus R. Fyler. Discharged (as 2d Lieut.) March 9, 1865. 
Joseph E. Fenn. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Henry S. McKinney. Promoted Captain March 2, 1865. 
William L. Twiss. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
John E. Wheeler. Discharged May 15, 1865. 
James W. Dixon. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 
Dwight C. Kilbourn. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Homer S. Curtis. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
James M. Snowden. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Lev.'is Munger. Mustered out August 18, 1805. 
Charles A. Reynolds. Decl'd and Com. revoked ]\Iarch 31, "05. 
John E. Sedgwick. Must, out (as 2d Lieut.) August 18, 1805. 


David C. Munson. Mustered out August 18, 1805. 

Orville B. TilYiiny. Declined and Com. revoked March 27, '65. 

Salmon A. Granger. Declined and Com. revoked April 27, 'G5. 

"William A. Hosford. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Heman Ellis. Declined and Com. revoked March 27, 1865. 

Henry R. Hoyt. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Hower W. Griswold. DecPd and Com. revoked March 27, '65. 

Second L ie utenan ts, 

Alexander B. Shumway. Promoted First Lieut. July 8, 1863. 
Oren H. Knight. Promoted First Lieut. March 21, 1863. 
Morris H. Sanford. Promoted First Lieut. August 11, 1863. 
Robert A. Potter. Promoted First Lieut. August 11, 1863. 
Chester D. Cleveland. Promoted First Lieut. Nov. 20, 1863. 
Oliver P. Loomis. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 6, 1864. 
John M. Gregory. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 6, 1864. 
Walter Burnham. Promoted First Lieut. Dec. 26, 1882. 
George E. Betts. Resigned Nov. 25, 1862. 
James N. Coe. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 6^ 1864. 
W^ilber W. Birge. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. G, 1864. 
Edward W. Marsh. Promoted Captain Feb. 17, 1864. 
Wm. McK. Rice. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 6, 1864. 
Hiram D. Gaylord. Died Nov. 19, 1868, while First Sergeant. 
Edwin S. Hubbard. Promoted First Lieut. March 31, 1884. 
D wight C. Kilbourn. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 4, 1865. 
William H. Cogswell. Died of wounds, Oct. 6, 1864. 
Michael Kelley. Promoted First Lieut. Nov. 18, 1864. 
Orsamus R. Fyler. Promoted First Lieut. Nov. 18, 1864. 
George B. Hempstead. Died of wounds June 30, 1864, 
James P. McCabe. Promoted First Lieut. March 31, 1864. 
Calvin B. Hatch. Missing since June 1, 1864. 
Hubbard E. Tuttle. Promoted First Lieut. Oct. 8, 1864. 
Orlow J. Smith. Promoted First Lieut. July 11, 1864. 
Edward C. Huxley. Promoted First Lieut. March 31, 1864. 
Horace Hubbard. Killed in action Sept, 19, 1864. 
George K. Hyde. Discharged Oct. 23, 1864. 


Franklin J. Candee. Promoted First Lieut. March 31, 1864. 

Daniel E. Marsh. Promoted First Lieut. Oct. 8, 18G4. 

W-.irren Alford. Promoted First Lieut. March 31, 1864. 

John E. Wheeler. Promoted First Lieut. Nov. 30, 1864. 

Henry S. McKinney. Promoted First Lieut. Nov. 30, 1864. 

David R. Norman. Dismissed Sept, 1, 1864. 

James M. Snowden. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 4, 1865. 

Lewis Munger. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 4, 1865. 

Oscar Piatt. Discharged Jan. 18, 1865. 

Henry Skinner. Promoted First Lieut. August 12, 1864. 

Homer S. Curtis. Promoted First Lieut. Feb. 4, 1865. 

William L. Twiss. Promoted First Lieut. Nov. 30, 1864. 

Austin P. Kirkham. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Joseph E. Fenn. Promoted First Lieut. Nov. 30, 1864. 

Charles P. Travers. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 

Frederick A. Lucas. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles A. Re^'nolds. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Salmon A. Granger. Mustered out July 20, 1865- 

John E. Sedgwick. Promoted First Lieut. March 2, 1865. 

David C. Munson. Promoted First Lieut. 3Larch 2, 1865. 

Orville B. Tiffanv. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Homer W. Griswold. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 

Amzi P. Clark, Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William S. Cooper. ^Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry S. Dean. Declined Commission. 

Charles F. Anderson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry R. Hoyt. Promoted First Lieut. March 2, 1865. 

George D. Stone. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Admatha Bates. Clustered out July 20, 1865. 

William A. Hosford. Promoted First Lieut. 3Iarch 2, 1885. 

Heman Ellis. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Joseph Pettit. Mustered out August 18, 1965. 

David E. Soule. clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Seneca Edgett. Mustered out Jnly 20, 1865, 

Frederick M. Cook. Mustered out August 18, 1805. 

A. N. Lamoreux. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Calvin L. Davis. Mustered out August J8, 1805, 





Sergeant Majors. 

Wilbur W. Birge. Commissioned. 

Buslirod H. Camp. Commissioned. 

Theodore F. Vaill. Commissioned, 

Lewis Munger. Commissioned. 

Frederick A. Lucas. Commissioned. 

E. Goodwin Osborne. Killed. 

John S. Parmelee. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Quarter-Master Sergeants. 

Edward W. Marsh. Commissioned. 

Edward C. Huxley. Commissioned. 

Edward F. Carrington. Mustered out July 7, 18G5. 

George W. Kingsley. Mustered out August 18, 1805. 

Commissary Sergeants. 

Franklin M. Candee. Commissioned. 

Prosper W. Smith. Mustered out Sept. 11, 1865. 

Hospital Steicards. 

James J. Averill. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Orson Buell. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Senior Principal Musicians. 

Hicks Seaman. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Wilson B. White. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Frank J. Thomas. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Jvnior Principal Musicians. 

Wilson B. White. 

Albert R. Kettleton. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 



The original Infantry Company, mustered in at Litclifield, 
September 11, 1862. 

Captain — "William Bissell. 

J^irst Lieutenant — Luman Wadhams. 

Second Lieutenant — Alexander B. Shumway. 


Dwiglit C. Kilbourn. Commissioned. 

George B. Hempstead. Commissioned, 

Calvin B. Hatch. Coaimissioned. 

Joseph P. Parks, First Sergeant. Killed. 

Henry Williams. First Sergeant. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


William H. Hull. Discharged for disability Feb. 17, 1865. 

Hiram S. Spencer. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Sergeant. 

Joseph E. Coe. Died. 

Ferris Pond. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Sergeant. 

Henry F. Cable. Discharged for disability. 

Charles W. Hinsdale. Mustered out July 7, '65 ; Q. M. Sergt. 

George W. Mason. Q. M. Sergt. Com. as Capt. and A. C. S. 

Beebe S. HalL Discharged for disability Feb. 12, 1868. 


Albert R. Nettleton. Transferred to Field and Staflf. 
Frekerick S. Fenton. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Edward S, Hempstead. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


Charles Adams, jr. Died oi wounds ; Corporal. 

Norman B. Barber. Died. 

Charles S. Barber. Mustered out July 7, 1863, 


Nelson Barker. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Howard W. Baldwin. Discli'd for disability April 11, 1863. 

Nelson H. Barnes. Discharged for disability Feb. 9, 1863. 

Charles Belcher. Discharged for disability. 

Hiram Bradley. Discharged for disability April 11, 1863. 

George Bradley. Mustered out June 14, 1865. 

Leonard O. Bradley. Discharged for disability April 29, '63. 

Joseph D. Bradley. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Andrew J. Brooker. Died of wounds. 

Thomas W. Beach. Mustered out June 19, 1865. 

Lewis Bissell. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Corporal. 

Leonard C. Bissell. Discharged for disability May 8, 1863. 

John S. Bishop. Mustered out July 7, 1863. 

Apollos W. Buell. Discharged for disability Feb. 9, 1863. 

Franklin M. Bunnell. Died of wounds ; Corporal. 

Lyman S. Catlin. Commissioned in Colored Troops. 

Henry H. Catlin. Discharged for disability June 3, 1863. 

Edward Coe. Commissioned in Colored Troops. 

Robert W. Coe. Discharged for disability April 26, 1865. 

Watson Cogswell. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Russell Curtis. Mustered out July 7, 1885 ; Sergeant. 

John Flesar. Discharged for disability June 6, 1865. 

Henry G. Gibbs. Disch'd for disability April 11, '63 5 Corporal. 

Silas M. Griswold. Mustered out June 15, 1865. 

Samuel Gunn. Mustered out July 11, 1885. 

William J. Hall. Discharged for disability Dec. 26, 1863. 

George N. Hannahs. Mastered out July 7, 1865. 

Anson W. Healey. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

Henry W. Hotchkiss. Mustered out June 14, 1865. 

Edward Hull. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Joseph S. Hubbard. Mustered out May 14, 1865. 

John Iffland, Killed. 

Frederick T. Jennings. Mustered out June 28, 1865. 

Albert A. Jones. Killed ; Corporal. 

Myron E. Kil))Ouru. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

James B. Lyons. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles Merriman. Mustered out July 3. 1865. 


Henry W. Miner. Died. 

Lyman F. Morehouse. Discharged for disability June 21, 'Go. 
Apollos C. Morse. Died of wounds ; Corporal. 
Nelbert P. Newberry. Died. 

Eben L. Oakes. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Corporal. 
E. Goodwin Osborne. Killed ; Sergeant Major. 
Luther Pratt. Discharged for disability March 27, 1865. 
Watson Parmelee. Died, 
Willard H. Parmelee. Killed. 
Edwin F, Perkins. Died. 

Norman B. Perkins. Discharged for disability. 
William H. Plumb. Mustered out July 12, 1865. 
Seth C. Pond. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Corporal. 
Gideon D. Pond. Discharged for disability Dec. 18, 1862. 
Edwin W. Pond. Mustered out July 8, 1865. 
George W. Potter. Died of wounds ; Corporal. 
Isaac L. Sauford. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Garwood T. Sanford. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Harry Scoville. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Sergeant. 
Whiting P. Smith. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 
William S. Smith. Mustered out May 31, 1865 ; Sergeant. 
Lyman J. Smith, jr. Killed. 
George D. Stone. Sergeant ; Commissioned- 
Jackson Tompki.ns. Discharged for disability April 29, 1862. 
Theodore F. Vaill. Sergeant Major ; Commissioned. 
Willard J. Watrous. Mustered ont July 7, 1865. 
David P. Wetmore. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 
Seth Whiting. Discharged for disability — 1865 ; Sergeant. 
William S. Wilson. Died. 
John L. Wilcox. Died of wounds ; Corporal. 
Julius Winship. Died. 

Curtis P. Wedge. Mustered out June 19, 1865 ; Corporal. 
Robert Watt. Killed. 

The Recruits of Com'pany A. 

Atwood A. Aiken. Mustered out August 1865. 

Newton T. Abbott. Discharged for disability June 16, 1865. 


Minott M. Atwoocl. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Josiali Atwood. Clustered out August 18, 1865, 

John Ames. Mustered out July T, 1865, 

Edmund P. Aiken. Mustered out June 2^3, 'iS(yo, 

Wiliiam Barton, Killed. 

John Eailey. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edward A. Banks. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

Edwin A. Banks. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Horatio N. Bennett. Killed. 

William H. Brewer. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Benedict. Mustered out July 14, 1865. 

John A. Belden. Mustered out Jujie Z, I860. 

Frederick W. Brashing. Killed. 

Charles F. Blackman. Mustered out August 18, 1S65. 

Almon D. Bradley. Killed. 

Frederick G. Buell. Mustered out August 15, 1865. 

James Bradley. Killed. 

Charles Carter. Mustered out Sept. 9, 1865. 

Thomas Cashman. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles T. Conger. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Robert Crawford. Clustered out August 18, 1865 ; Corporal. 

Rol>ert Cogswell. Mustered ont Augi^ist 18, 1865. 

David M. Candee. Died at Anderson villa. 

Josej^h Cusher. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edson S. Dayton. Discharged for disability Feb. 27, 1865. 

Robert Eiill. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Stephen Fallen. Killed. 

James A. Ferris. Discharged for disability August 4, 1865. 

Charles F. Goslee. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Gibbons. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John L. Gibbons. Transferred to the Navy. 

Joseph Gardner. Killed. 

Aibro W. Hopkins. Discharged for disability April, 1865. 

Oliver Hitchcock. Killed. 

Abram Hunter. Mustered out May 20, 1865. 

Edward Haley. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

David J. Jennings, Mustered out August 18, 1865. 


Sheldon B. Jones. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

William Johnson. Clustered out August 28, 1805. 

Marcellus J. Judd. Discharged for disability June 10, 1805, 

Jacob June. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Sylvester Lampsou. Died. 

Herman S. Lathrop. Mustered out June 23, 1865. 

Lewis S. Ludingtou. Died. 

Simeon W. Loud. Died. 

John Lawlcr. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Daniel M. Leighton. Mustered out June 21, 1865. 

Thomas Lyons. Mustered out June 17, 1865. 

31atthew McEnroe. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Joseph Moody. Clustered out May 14, 1865. 

John L. Mintsch. Mustered out June 17, 1865. 

Benjamin Meeker. Killed ; Corj^oral. 

James Moore. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Truman Mallory. Died of wounds. 

David McBath. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Morris. Mustered out August 18, 1865 ; Corporal. 

James Oswald. Mustered out. 

James L. Osborn. Mustered out May 26, 1865. 

Henry Osborn. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James M. Prindle. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Pierce. Clustered out June 14, 1865. 

Patrick Ryan. Killed. 

Benjamin H. Rathbun. Died at Andersonville. 

Nehemiah Reynolds. Mustered out June 3, 1865. 

Thomas Ryan. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Willis T. Richardson. Discharged for disability Feb. 4, 1865. 

Jason St. John. Discharged for disability June 6, 1865. 

Amos H. Stillson. Died of wounds. 

Clarence Smith. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Robert Scull. Killed. 

Michael Shearer. Mustered out !May 20, 1865. 

George Savage. Died of wounds. 

Reuben A. Swift. Discharged for disability, Nov. 1, 1804. 

Homer F. Tilford. Killed. 


Ransom E. Wood. Died of wounds. 

Horace N. Williams. Dischxl for disability Aug. 8, '6a. Corp. 

Luther L. Weeks, Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

George F. Waugli. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 


Henry L. Bly. James Harris. 

John J. Cogswell. Charles P. Lamb. 

Jeremiah Greany. Thomas Ledger. 


Captain — James Hubbard. 

First Lieutenant — Frederick A. Cook. 

Second Lieutenant — Oren H. Knight. 


William H. Cogswell. Commissioned. 

Admatha Bates. Commissioned. 

Ambrose N. Negus. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Moses Cook, jr. Died. 

James Parks. Disch'd for disability June 23, '65 ; 1st Sergt. 


Charles B. Benedict. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 
George L. Johnson. Must, out June 6, '65 ; Sergt.; Q. M. Serg't. 
Ambrose Hufcut. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Sergeant. 
James S. Thayer. Discharged for disability Jan. 24, 1863. 
John McGovern. Mustered out July 1865; Reduced. 
Francis J. Young. Transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps. 
George W. Mansfield. Discharged for disability August, 1865. 


John H. Ward. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Bradford B. Brown. Drummed out of service, for desertion, 
Dec. 8, 1863. 


Natlianiel Roraback. Clustered out July 7, 1865. 


Augustus Adams. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Lewis Burton. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Joseph D. Bierce. Discharged August 14, 1863. 

Elisha A. Briggs. Clustered out July 7, 1865; Corporal. 

Henry Burgess. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John H. Bruce. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Corporal. 

Frank Benedict. ^Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Corporal. 

John H. Brazee. Discharged Sept. 10, 1863. 

James Burns. Mustered out June 15, 1865. 

Martin A. Besler. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Sheldon Carley. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

James Caul. Killed. 

Michael Casey. Discharged for disability May, 1865, 

Thomas Casey. Discharged for disability 'Sow 6, 1862. 

Daniel T. Clark. !Mustered out August 18, 1865 ; Corporal. 

Joseph E. Dwy. Mustered out July 12, 1865. 

Gurdou C. Davidson. Died. 

Austin Frink. Discharged Feb. 12, 1863. 

Frank Friar. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Corporal. 

John Funk. Discharged May 29, '65, by order of V^ar Dept. 

Franklin S. Graves. Mustered out July, 1865 ; Corporal. 

"Wesley Gibbs. Mustered out July 7, 1865 ; Sergeant. 

James Gibbons. Transferred to the Navy. 

Daniel Glaveen. Killed. 

Solomon Hinckley. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John Handel. Killed. 

Luther Hall. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Curtis H;ill. Sergt.; Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Benjamin E. Halleck. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Dwight Halleck. ]^[ustered out July 7, 1865 ; Corporal. 

Charles D. Hall. Died. 

William H. Ingraham. Discharged for disability Jan. 12, 1862. 



Chester A. Jolmson. Died of wounds. 

Lewis I'ilorey. Discharged for disability June 9, 1865. 

Henry M. Marshall. Discliarged for disability Feb. 12, 1863. 

George Methven. Discharged for disability Jan. 3, 1865. 

John .McGraugh. Sergeant ; Killed. 

Peter Ostrander. Died. 

Adam Ostrander, Killed. 

William OTvourke. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

James Ostrander, jr. Died. 

Watson W. Peck. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Daniel O. Page. Killed. 

Charles Powell. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Jacob F. Rapp. Died of wounds. 

Henry Sterry. Discharged for disability April 3, 1863. 

Myron R. Sterry. Corporal ; Killed. 

George L. Sterry. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles 11. Segur, Killed, 

Luther E. Speed. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Warren Silveruail. Discharged for disalnlity Nov. 3, 1862. 

Joel Snyder. Discharged for disability June 6, 1865. 

James Surdam. Mustered out 'July 7, 1865. 

John Yi. Turner. 

Henry Voelker. Corporal ; Killed, 

Caralf Volusen. Died. 

John H. White. Died. 

Henry S. Wheeler. Sergeant ; Died of wounds. 

Monroe Whiteman. Corporal ; Killed. 

William Wateis, jr. July 7, 1865. 

Amos Wooden. Died of wounds. 

Henry Wiesing. Killed. 


Corporal Franklin Miller. Sheldon Daskam. 

Joseph Brennan. Patrick Ellwood. 

William Beecraft. William H. Hotchkiss. 

George A. Caul, Thomas Lee. 


The R^ruits of Company B. 

Henry L. Avers. Mustered out August 18. ISoj. 

Robert "W. Ames. Died of wounds. 

Charles H. Ball. Mustered out August IS, ISGo. 

John Best. Killed. 

Francis Burger. Killed. 

{Samuel V. Benedict. Killed. 

Ambrose Brazie. Mustered out August IS, 1865. 

Richard A. Brown. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Baldwin. Cori^oral ; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Silas Burton. Mastered out August 18, 1865. 

Robert W. Bragg. Killed. 

Almerou Burton. Died. 

William Bradley. Transferred to the Navy. 

ISTewton "W. Cogswell. Disch'd by order War De^jt. ]^Iay 27/65 . 

John W. Coons. Died of wounds. 

Ezra Clark. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Cooper. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Patrick Canfield. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Coanell. Discharged for disability June 6, 1885. 

Joseph Compton. Mustered out March 10, 1865. 

John Crothers. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Collins. Transferred to the Xavy. 

Thomas Carroll. Transferred to the Xavy. 

Thomas Carral. 3Iustered out August 1», 1865. 

Jobn A. Decker. Discharged for disability June 9, 1835. 

William Dunn. Missing. 

Daniel Dunlavey. Mustered out August IS, 1865. 

Patrick Deianey. Died. 

Philip Davis. Transferred to the Navy. 

Hiram Fanning. Discharged for disability Feb. 23, 1865. 

John C. Foote. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Peter Flood. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Fox. Corporal ; Z^Iustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Finn. Transferred to the Navy. 

Paul Gaetel. Mastered out August 18, 1865. 


Thomas Hjer. Died. 

Walter D. Hoag. Sergeant; Mustered out August 18, 18G5. 

Thomas Huskinson. Mustered out June 17, 1865. 

William S. Plorton. Died. 

Charles S. lliggins. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 

William Howard. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Louis Kreager. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Mortimer M. Lillibridge. Disch'd for disability June 13, '65. 

Thomas G. Lombard. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

David Lacy. Missing. 

George Lowe, 1st. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

George Lowe, 2d. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

Peter Malatli. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Ezra B, Morris. Killed. 

Gilbert McMahon. Mustered out June 4, 1865. 

Godfrey Miller. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John McMahon. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Moore. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Murphy. Transferred to the Navy. 

John Manross. Discharged for disability Feb. 3, 1865. 

Correl F. North. Q. M. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John O'Brien. Mustered out May 23, 1865. 

William F. Ohman. Discharged for disability May 22, 1865. 

Daniel T. Phillips. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Powell. Mustered out Oct. 18, 1865, 

John Quirk. Mustered out July 28, 1865. 

Allen Rogers. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Reuben R. Speed. Died after release from Andersonville. 

William H. Surdam. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Stevens. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Franklin B. Stevens. Killed. 

Walter C. Sparks. Corporal ; Killed, 

Wilson W. Scoville. Died of wounds. 

George F. Sherwood. 

James Sheridan. Corporal ; Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Lucius O. Spencer. Killed. 

George A. Skiff. Killed. 



Elias P. Scott. Killed. 

John B. Stohl. Killed. 

Henry Tanner. Died of wounds. 

Horace N. Thorpe. Mustered out August 18, 1885. 

Chester A. Weller. Mustered out August 18. 1865. 

Charles O. Whaples. Sergeant; Mustered out August 18, 'G5. 

Henry Winters. Died. 

Horace Ball. 
Isaac Beard sley. 
Benjamin Case. 
William R. Curtis. 
Henry Dryer. 
William W. Foster. 
James Graham. 
John Hughes. 


Eoger Lilly. 
George W. McLean. 
William Moore. 
Henry Ostrander. 
John Ross. 
Daniel E. Taylor. 
Corporal Charles Turner. 


The original Infantry Company, mustered in at Litchfield, 
September 11, 1862. 

Captain — James Q. Ptice. 

First Lieutenant — William T. Spencer. 

Second Lieutenant — Morris H. Sanford, 


William McK. Rice. Commissioned. 

George K. Hyde. First Sergeant ; Commissionecl. 

James P. McCabe. Commissioned. 

Matthew H. Huxley. Died. 

Orsamus R. Fjder. Commissioned. 

Homer W. Griswold. First Sergeant; Commissioned, 


Uri Wadliams. Died. 

David C. Munson. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Georone W. Newcomb. 1st Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7; '65. 

Frederick A. Lucas. Sergt.; Sergt. Major ; Commissioned. 

David J. Thorp. Killed. 

!^[artin L. Judd. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William Vi. Hyde! Discharged for disability August 8, 1863. 


Hicks Seaman. Junior Primary Musician ; Must, out July 7,'65. 
Andrew E. Workman. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George D. Bentley. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


Chares G. Adams. Corporal ; Mustered out July 20, 1865. 

William L. Adams. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Avery M. Allyn. Mustfered out June 20, 1865. 

iMilo F. Barber. Discharged for disability April 18, 1864. 

Frederick Barber. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Edward M. Balcom. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Cyr. M. Bartholomew. Killed. 

William H. Beach. Corporal; Killed. 

Zophar Beach. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

Darius C. Beach. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

James M. Benton. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

John K. Biakeslee. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George P. Biakeslee. Mustered out Julv 7, 1865. 

Virgil R. Bissell. Mustered out July 7, 1865. ' 

Philo Cleveland. jNIustered out July 7, 1865. 

Albert B. Cleveland. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George W. Cleveland. Color Corporal ; Killed. 

Erastus Cleveland. Died of wounds. 

Orrin H. Cooke. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

George W. Curtiss. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


Daniel B. Curtiss, Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Calvin L. Daris. Sergeant: Commissioned. 

Edward il. Dunbar. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1885. 

Joseph Durocher. Mustered out July 7, 1805. 

Orlando D. Evans. Died. 

Seymour H. Eldiidge. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1365. 

John Friend. 3[ustered out July 7, 1865. 

Hobart Griswold. Corporal ; Clustered out 1865. 

V/illiam Herald. Died. 

Samuel Hunter, Clustered out July 7, 1865. 

Edward C. Huxley. Eegtl. Q. 31. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Cornelius A. Hammond. Discharged lor disability Nov. 0, '63. 

Frederick O. Hills. Corp.; Disch'd for disability Aug. 19, 'Qo. 

Henry H, Ires. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

James Jukes. Mustered out July 7, 1805. 

Arthur G. Kellogg. Died. 

Daniel E. Lyman. Died. 

Orson M. Miner. Corporal ; Killed. 

Avery F. ^liner. Sergeant : Mustered out July 7, 1365. 

Dennis Murphy, 3Iusteied out June 22, 1865. 

McKenzie Millard. 3Iustered out July 7, 1865. 

James Mcran. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

Charles E. Morse. Mustered out Julv 7, 1865. 

William E. McKce. Discharged for disability .June 24, 1865. 

Correl F. Xorth. Transferred to Co. B as Q. M. Sergeant. 

Carlton N. Nichols. Discharged for disability April 29, 1865. 

Theod. A. Pendleton. Q. M. Sergt.: Clustered out July 7, '65. 

Henry D. Pierce. Mustered out July 8, 1865. 

Joseph P. Heed. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Owen Pveddy. Mustered out May 29, 1865. 

"William T. Robinson. Died. 

Seelev Richmond. Mustered out 3Iay IS, 1865. 

Joseph Sherry. Sergt.: Discharged for disability Aug. 1, Qo, 

Charles J. Soudan t. Clustered out May 18, 1865. 

Henry A. Stoddard. Discharged for disability Dec. 26, 1803, 

George C. Stewart. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John H. Stewart. Died. 



Royal Stone. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 18G5, 

Alonzo Smith. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George C. Thompson. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry L. Vaill. Corporal ; Died of wounds. 

Wright Waterhouse. Corporal ; Mustered out July 12, 1865. 

William U. Vfadhams. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Willard N. Wadhams. Corporal ; Died. 

Henry M. Woodruff. Died. 

Lucien N. Whiting. Discharged lor disability Jan. 31, 1865. 

Harrison Whitney. Corp.; Disch'd for disability June 2, '65. 

Charles G. Wheeler. Corporal ; Mustered out June 2, 1865. 

Milo Younor. Died. 


The Recruits of Conqyany C. 

William E, xilbin. Corporal ; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles H. Albin. Corporal ; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John J. Abbott. Died ot accidental wounds." 

Royal G. Andrews. Died. 

Eugene G. Austin. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Bidwell. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Alfred Blackman. Died at Andersonville. 

Peter Burke. Killed. 

James A. Bryan. Mustered out May 21, 1865. 

Richard Butler. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Barnes. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Butler. Died. 

Peter Bants. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 

Ezra B. Bouton. Killed. 

Chauncey E. Brown. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, 

George W. Brown. Died, 

Enos S. Benedict Discharged for disability June 22, 1865. 

Orange S. Brown. Corporal; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William H. Bray. Killed. 

Christian Bjornsern. Died of wounds. 

Newton A. Calkins. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

George C. Curtis. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Adalbert M. Calkins. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corx^s. 


Marshall A. Calkins. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Alfred Calkins. Mustered out June 14, 1865. 

Joseph H. Caulield. Corporal; Mustered out August 18, 1865 

Giles A. Cone. Died. 

Charles Clark. Discharged for disability June 30, 1865. 

William Dover. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

John Delowry. Discharged for disability June 12, 1865. 

Watsou E. Foster. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Patrick Harvey. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Franklin Hoxie. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

William H. Hart Died. 

Leonard Hower. Mustered out August 21, 1865. 

Seth M. Hersey. Mustered out August 18, 1865. ^ 

Eugene Hyatt. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

James M. Hayes. Died. 

Anson W. Johnson, Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edward B. Janes. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Harlow Johnson. Died. 

Hezekiah Johnsou. Discharged for disability June 23, 1865. 

William Kelley. Killed. 

James Karney. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Lynn. Corporal; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Abraham W. Losey. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Wolcott Little. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Frederick G. Lampsou. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

Thomas O. Murj^hy. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Jeremiah ]\IcCarty, KiilecL 

Thomas Milnes. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

Timothy Maliar. Corporal ; Mustered out July 18, 1865. 

John McDonald. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

George W. Manning. ^Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William H. Nor\'ille. Died. 

Andrew H. Nichols. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Patrick O'Connor^ Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George O'Brien. Mustered out May 18, 1865, 

Henry W. Ostrum. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Prindle. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 


George Pierce. Killed. 

Lucius B. Palmer. Died of wounds, 

James P. Quiiin. First Sergeant; Mustered out August 18, 'G5. 

Jolm Quinn. Mustered out August 18, 18G5. 

James W. Roswell. Mustered out June 13, 1865. 

Hawley Reed. Mustered out June 13, 1865. 

Erastus Ruscoe. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Ruscoe. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Rogers. Died. 

Jarvis M. Richards. Musteied out August 18, 18G5. 

John W. Steele. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas B. Stewart. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Albert M. Scoville. Died of wounds. 

Andrew H. Sanford. Died. 

John Smith. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edwin Thorn. Discharged for disa]>ility June 5, 1865, 

George Taylor. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Freeman M. Thurston. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

John H. Lire. Killed. 

fdward White. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

George E. Warren. Mustered ont August 18, 1865, 

Albert F. Williams. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William S. Wilson. Mustered out Aagust-18, 1865, 

Peter O. Wilson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 


Henry Benson. James Hill. 

Jerome Chapman. John Jones. 

William Curtkmd. Philip Manly. 

James Dayton. Edward Northro2>. 

John Devirnne. Henry W. Richards. 

Charles Flannigan. Henry Sminer. 

John H. Hayes. Robert Scott. 
Andrew Harris. 



The original lQf\intry Company, mustered in at Litclilieid, 
September 11, 18G2. 

Captain—^XiWium B. Ells, 

First Lkuteiuuit — William H. Lewis, jr. 

Second Lieutenant — Robert A. Potter. 


Thomas D. Bradstreet, Discli'd for disability Marcli 9, 1863. 
Theodore C. Glazier. Discharged for -disability Dec, 26, 1802; 

afterwards Commissioned in U. S. C. T. 
Horace Hubbard. Commissioned. 
Andrew J. Tuite, Mustered out July 7, I860, 
Edgar B, Lewis, Died, 


Salmon B. Smith. Serjeant : Died. 

Samuel Brown. Sergeant : Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Lewis Munger. Sergeant ; Sergeant Major : Commissioned. 

James McCormick. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

"William W. Johnson. Died. 

David B. Wooster, Q, M. Sergeant : Killed. 

Emery B, Taylor. Sergeant : Mustered out May 18, 1865, 

Frederick B. Webster. Died. 


Belden S. Bro%vn. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John S, Atwood. Discharged for disability June 3, 1865. 

Henry Pond. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


Albert F. Alfred, Discharged for disability May 31, 1865. 
Wiiiiam C, Atwood. Commissioned in U. S, C. T. 


Norman W. Barnes. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry C. Barnum. Discharged for disability July 11, 1864. 

George H. Bates. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George L. Beach. Died of wounds. 

James A. Beach. Mustered out June 3, 1865. 

Wallace E. Beach. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John D. Benjamin. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Harvey Bronson. Mustered out June 25, 1865. 

Charles L. Bryan. Mustered out July 13, 1865. 

David A. Bradley. Sergt.; Disch'd for disability July 18, '65. 

Henry N. Bushnell. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John D. Castle. Discharged for disability June 9, 1865. 

Emory W. Castle. Died of wounds. 
Edtiar J. Castle. Died of wounds. 

James H. Cable. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Martin H. Camp. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John C. Chase. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles G. Cleveland. Died. 

Amzi P. Clark. Commissioned. 

Hiram T. Coley. Died of wounds. 

George T. Cook. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

David Davenport. Killed. 

Philo A. Fenn. Killed. 

Joseph B. Fenn. First Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Benjamin Filley. Died a prisoner. 

Joseph Gooley. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George H. S. Goodwin. Died of wounds. 

John Grieder. Died of wounds. 

Zelotes F. Granniss. Sergeant ; Clustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles E. Guernsey. Corporal ; Died of wounds. 

Albert J. Hotchkiss. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George H. Holt. Died. 

Edward C. Hopson. Corporal ; Killed. 

Charles I. Hough. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Franklin W. Hubbard. Died. 

Swift McG. Hunter. Mustered out May 30, 1865. 

William Lindley. Discharged for disability April 11, 1863. 


Timothy Malone. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Thomas Mann. Died of wounds. 

Hiram Mattoon. Died of wounds. 

Jerome Plunger. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Ralph W. 3Iunson. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John MurjDhy. Killed. 

Simon J, O'Donnell. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George L. Penfield. Mustered out July 12, 1865. 

Horatio G. Perkins. Died. 

James H. Pritchard. Died. 

Daniel O. Purcell. Sergeant ; Clustered out July 7, 1865. 

Walter Stone. Died of wounds. 

3Iark B. Stone. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Ira H. Stoughton. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Justin 0. Stoughton. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

James Straun. Died at Andersonville. 

Charles W. Talcott. :\Iustered out July 7, 1865. 

Samuel R. Terrell. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Burritt H. Tolles. Died. 

Henry Tolles. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Josiah J. "Wadsworth. Died. 

Matthias Walter. Mustered out June 13, 1865. 

Charles R. Warner. Killed. 

Charles Warner. Mustered out June 13, 1865. 

William H. Whitelaw. Discharged for disability May 18, 'Go. 

William Wright. CoriDoral ; Killed. 

William Weston. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Abraham Dobeon. 

The Recruits of Company J). 

George E. Atwood ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 
D wight S. Atw^ood ; missing. 
Henry Ashburn; mustered out August 18, 1865, 
George W. Butler; mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Richard Beebe ; killed. 


Charles Barley; mustered out May 18, 1865. 

Joseph Boyce ; mustered out August IB, 1865. 

Pomcroy Becraft ; killed. 

William P. Burr ; mustered out Augxtst 18, 1865, 

William J. P. Buck ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles F. Brown ; mustered out June 15, 1865. 

Thomas BuUuss; Corporal; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William L. Barnes ; died a prisoner. 

John H. Couklin ; killed. 

Erastus W. Converse ; died of wounds. 

Edgar W. Conklin ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Comstock ; killed. 

John L. Conklin; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George G. Conklin ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Carr; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George E. Clark ; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps^ 

Carlos Curtis ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Chauncey Culver; mustered out June 20, 1865. 

Joseph Cleveland ; transferred to the Navy. 

Hiram E. Castle; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Kelsey J). Clark; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Yfiliiam N. Cockefair; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Johnson S. Dow; mustered out July 6, 1865. 

Nehemiah H. Dutton . mustered out August 15, 1865. 

Edward Dwyer; Corporal; mustered out August 15, 1865. 

Jacob Demuth ; died of wounds. 

William Elliot, jr.; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Walter M. Fox ; killed. 

Nathan H. Geer ; discharged for disability May 31, 1865. 

Philip H. Golde ; mustered out June 4, 1865. 

Everett Griswold ; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Charles B. Guttman ; returned as a deserter to a Pa. regt. 

William H. Harrison ; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Henry Jones ; transferred to the Navy. 

Elmore Hotchkiss; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Lawrence A. Hunt; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles D. Hanson ; died a prisoner. 


Jonatliim Hall ; mustered out August 18, 1SG5. 

Francis Howard ; mustered out August 18, I860. 

Olet F. Hansou ; transferred to the Navy. 

Yrilliam Ililliker; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Samuel Hine ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Holland ; mustered out August 18, 1805. 

Francis Hawley; discharged for disability Oct. 3, 1864. 

ilorris B. Hanford ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Frederick II. Keith ; First Sergeant ; must, out August 18, '65. 

William Kapser; mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Ed'.vin Lyon ; transferred to the Navy. 

George A. Lyon ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George L. Lyon ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Lynch ; died of wounds. 

Robert Lowrie ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William H. Lindley ; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Seeley S. Morse; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry W. sillier ; killed. 

John Moore ; transferred to the Navy. 

John M. Ivloseley ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Munger ; mustered out June 13, 1865. 

Samuel Nelson ; transferred to the Navy. 

Walter Gates; mustered out July 3, 1865. 

Frederick Olnml; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Frederick Patchen; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Peterson ; transferred to the Navy. v^ 

Tompkins J. Patterson ; transferred to the Navy. 

William W. Richardson; died. ^ 

William Russell; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Chauncej' F. Reed; mustered out June 19, 1865. 

Charles H. Sherwood ; discharged for disability Sept. 21, 1865, 

William Smith; discharged lor disability June 19, 1865. 

Peter Schultz ; transferred to the Navy. 

Stephen C. Smith ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Austin Shelley; discharged for disability July 8, 1865. 

James Slater; killed. 

Henry Smith; mustered out August 18, 1805. 


Robert Tompkins; mustered out August 18, 1965. 

Frank J. Thomas ; Sgt.; Leader of Band ; must, out Aug.18, '65. 

Daniel Van Allen ; killed. 

Alexander Vogel ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Truman D. Wooster; discharged for disability Jan. 12, 1805. 

Benjamin Williams ; mustered out May 18, 1865. 

John L. Wheeler; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Y>'irt ; mustered out August 18, 18G5. 

Irwin C. Beach. Mortimer Holcomb. 

Daniel Boyce. Francis McLaughlin. 

Charles F. Cain. Charles H. Yf ebb. 
Henry J. Hubbard. 


The original Infantry Company, mustered in at Litchfield, 
September 11, 1862. 

Captain — Jeffrey Skinner. 

First Lieutenant — Benjamin F. Hosford. 

Second Lieutenant — Chester D. Cleveland. 


Hiram D. Gaylord. Commissioned. 
Orlow J. Smith. First Sero'eant ; Commissioned. 
1 Salmon A, Granger. First Sergeant ; Commissioned. 
George White. Discharged per order March 9, 1865. 
Henry Skinner. Commissioned. 


David Miller. Mustered out June 30, 1865. 

Sherman II. Cowles. Discharged for disability May 31, 1863. 

William S. Cooper. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Stephen W. Sage. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Mason Adkins. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


Frederick W. Daniels. Killed. 

Charles A, Reynolds. Sergeant ; Commissioned, 

Ruel H. Perkins. Killed, 


Wilson B. Vriiite. Jun. Prin. Musician ; Must, out July 7. 'G5, 
Myron Ferris. Killed. • 


Alfred G. Bliss. Mustered out July 7, 18C.>. 

Sherman A, Apley. 

Janies R. BaldAvin, Corporal ; iMissing. 

J^dward Beacli. Mustered out July 7, IBGo. 

Ediwin S. Beeclier. Discharged March 25, 1863, 

Patrick T. Birmingham. Mustered out July 7, 186j. 

Almeron Bunnell. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles M. Burr. Corp.: Discharged for disability jlay 23, '65, 

Edwin R. Caniield. Q. M. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, *65. 

John Christina. Clustered out July 7, 1865. 

Edward F. Carrington. Reg. Q. M. Sgt.; Must, out July 7, Qo^ 

Phillip D, Carroll. Sergt.; Mustered out July 7, 1865.. 

Frederick M. Cook. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Alfred Comins. Killed. 

Robert A. Cutler. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry A. Dayton. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1805.. 

Adam J. X. Dilly. Mustered out July 7. 1865.. 

Edwin Downs. Discharged for disabilit}' May 1, 1863. 

Lewis Downs. Killed. 

Bernard W. Doyle. Clustered out July 20, 1805. 

Adam Feathers. Mustered out July 7, 1805. 

Oliver C. Fitch. Discharged Nov. 20, 1862. 

Birdsey Gibbs. Killed. 

George N. Gibbs.. Discharged for disability !March 31, 1S64-, 

Richard C. Gingell. Discharged for disability. 

James A. Green. Discharged for disabilitv July 5, 1804. 

Manwaring Green. Accidentally killed. 

Anthony B. Guernsey. Discharged Nov. 2, 180.3> 



William ILill. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1805. 

Charles H. Hart. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 18G5. 

Luther W. Hart. Discharged Nov. 25, 18G3. 

Timothy A. Hart. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Vfiilard Hart. Killed. 

George W. Hurlbut. Died. 

William S. Hurlbut. Died. • 

William R. Hubbard. Die-d-. 

Asa Humiston. Died of wo^inds. 

Alonzo J. Hull. Corporal ; Killed. 

■Jule Jackson, Mustered out July 7, 18G5. 

Matthew Jackman. Mustered out Sept. 10, 1805. 

Henry C. Kent. Missing. 

Isaac R. Knapp. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865, 

Elizur Maltbie. Died of wounds. 

Waiter Martin. Killed. 

Charles G. Mason. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Herman P. Mo.'we. Mastered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry Overton. Transferred to the Navy. 

"George H. Pendleton. Corporal ; Died of wounds. 

Joseph Pettit, Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Charles Henry Pine. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

Jerome Preston. Died. 

Henry A. Ilexford. Killed. 

Theodore Robbins. Corporal; Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Edmund B. Sage. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William Seymour. Discharged for disability March 25, 1865. 

Lucius S. Skinner. Mustered out July 11, 1865. 

John Smith. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Prosper W. Smith. Regtl. Com. Sgt.; Must, out Sept. 11, '65. 

Phillip Stabell. Musician ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Darwin S. Starks. Died. 

George A. Tatro. Killed. 

John M. Teeter. Killed. 

Benjanun B. Thayer. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William H. Turner. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, 

Hubbard E. Tuttle, Sergeant ; Commissioned. 


Wells Tuttle. Mustered out July 12, 1865. 

Hubert A. Warner. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, I860. 

Marcus J. "Whitehead. Discharged for disability Juue 2, '65. 

Warreu M. Wood. Disch'd June 13, '65, by order of War Dept. 

Julius Woodford. Died. 

Wallace W. Woodruff. Corporal; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


William Gager. 

The Recruits of 'Company E. 

Jackson Ayres. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

Jacob P. Arnold. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Christopher Arnold. Trauslerred to Veteran Reserve CorpSi 

John H. Boughton. Corporal. ; Died ot wounds. 

Henry Bush. First Sergeant ; Mustered out August 18, 1865v 

Ernst A. Basney. Discharged for disability Oct. 14, 1864. 

Joseph E. Baton. Mustered out August 18. 1865. 

Robert J. Bulcroft. Mustered out June 19, 1865. 

Samuel U. Brewer. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Sylvester Barrett. Died of wounds. 

IMartin Blake. Missing. 

Thomas H. Birge. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James E. Billings. Discharged for disability April 20, 1865. 

Henry Clark. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

AVelles Clark. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Benjamin G. Carman. Musteied out May 12, 1865. 

Bernard Carl)urv. Missing. 

John J. Cummins. Transferred to the Navy. 

Julius Collins. Sergeant ; Mustered out xVugust 18, 1865, 

John Campbell. Discharged for disability June 15, 1865. 

William Downer. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles N. Decker. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Michael Donahue. Died a jDrisoner at Salisbury. 

David Durand. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Jared P. Evarts. Killed. 

John D. Ellis. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Heman Ellis. Commissioned. 


Matthew Fitzgerald. Died a prisouer. 

Stephen J. Green. Died ot wounds. 

Francis Gallagher. Mustered out August 18. 18G5. 

Thomas H. Gilbert. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Griffin. Mustered out June 13, ISiia. 

Augustus Hain. Discharged for disability Oct. 1, 186-1. 

William A. Hosford. Transferred to Co. D and Commissioned. 

Erie Hamilton. Band ; Mustered out Sept. 9, 1865. 

Charles B. Howard. Discharged for disability June 27, 1865. 

Peter Jordan. Discharged for disability Jan. 10, 1865. 

Louis Jaeger. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Boughton D. Knapp. Missing. 

John Koons. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Patrick Keegan. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Patrick Kaine. Killed. 

Jacob Lero}'-. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

John Lemley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Patrick Lynch. Discharged for disability May 23, 1865. 

Chauncey S. Loomis. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Leonard. Mustered out July 3, 1865. 

Henry G. Mitchell. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John McDonough. Killed. 

James Mooney. Killed. 

Jt)hn McPherson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edsvard Moggon. Mustered out June 21, 1885. 

James Maloy. Sergeant ; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Martin. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John McDonald. Mustered out June 9, 1865. 

John O'Connell. Discharged for disability May 22, 1865. 

Frederick D. Painter. Killed. 

Nathan Perry. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Joseph Piobinson. Died. 

Edward Keicker. Discharged for disability April 29, 1865. 

Jacob Rile3^ Mustered out August 18, 1165. 

Charles H. Rowe. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William H. Rowe. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Julius Rogers. Died. 


Edward Rugg. Mustered out August 18, 1884. 

Elbert B. Rowe. Mustered out August 18, 1805. 

John Rankin. Discharged for disability June 9, 1865, 

Philip Shelley. 

John Soul ley. Missing. 

John Scott. * Dishonorably discli'd July 15, '05, for cowardice. 

James Simpson, Missing. 

Charles H. Stanley. Killed. 

Levi B. Stone. Mustered out August 18, 1805, 

Thomas Tracy. 

Edward H. Turner. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, 

Ebenezer C. Terrell. Discharged. 

John J. Toole. Missing. 

Talmer Tatro. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Van Dusen. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Warner. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Erastus Woodworth. Killed. 

Prelott Wilbur. Mustered out August 18, 1803, 

Michael Welch. iMustered out July 10, 1805. 

Henry P. Warner. Mustered out May 22, 1865. 

Henry Wenzel. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Thomas Welch. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles H. Walsh. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Allen B. Young. Died a prisoner at Salisbury, l^ox. 10, 1864. 

Charles H. Ziegelmeyer. Mustered out June 2S, 1865. 


George W. Boger. Robert Livingston. 

William Brown. Lorenzo Moseley. 

Charles Collins. Augustus V. Mercken. 

William Drew. John Miller. 

John Dunigan. Philip Xagle. 

Pierre Gigin. John Neickel. 

John Jackson. Henry Saggan. 

John Keon. Charles Warren. 

George Kenna. William J. Wood, 

^lichael Klein. George Williams. 



The original Infantry Compan}-, mustered in at Litclifiekl, 
September 11, 1862. 

Captain — Edward "W. Jones. 
First Lieutenant — James Deane. 
Second Lieutenant — Oliver P. Loomis. 


"Warren Alford. Commissioned. 

Samuel E. Gibbs. Killed. 

Alfred C. Alford. Killed. 

Carlton Seymour. Commissioned in Colored Troops. 

"William L. Twiss. Commissioned. 


John E. "Wheeler. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 
Edward S. Roberts. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Roswell G-. Benham. Regtl. Q. M. Sergt.; Disch'd June 15,'65. 
Norman 31. Rust. Commissioned in Colored Troops. 
Edward D. Lawrence. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Thomas B. Spencer. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Ruel S. Rice. Discharged for disability April 11, 1863. 
John Rodemyer. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


"Watson PI. Deming. Discharged Nov. 26, 1862. 
John L. Merrill. Mustered out June 23, 1865. 

Henry H. Griffin. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


George N. Andrus. Died of wounds. 
Abernethy Baker. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
Elisha L. Bancroft. Mustered out May 18, I860. 


Augustus E. Barrett. Died. 

Albert Beckwith. Died. 

Hopkins J. Benbam- Mustered out July 7, I860. 

Charles Burr. Discliatired for disability Julv 30, 18G:3. 

Harlan D. Benedict. Died. 

Albert F. Bradley. Discharged for disability .Jnue 21, 18Go» 

Albert P. Briggs. Discharged for disability May 5, 18G3. 

Henry C. Butler. Sergeant: Mustered out July 7, 186-5. 

William Burke. Mustered out June 3, 1865. 

Horace F. Calkins. Corporal ; Clustered out July 7, 1865. 

"Wayne B. Castle. Discharged for disability June 3, 1805. 

William H. Colt. Killed. 

John Carroll. Clustered out June 1, 1865. 

Abram Coons. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry G. Dailey. Discharged for disability March 9, 1865. 

Miles H. Day. Discharged for disability Feb. 13, 1863. 

Edward E. Dayton. Discharged for disability May 15. 1864. 

Eugene Decker. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Watson W. Deane. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

Alfred M. Dowd. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 186a. 

Horatio X. Eggleston. Died. 

Philander Emmons. Died. 

George L. Fairchild. Mustered out July 7, I860. 

William G. Gardner. Corporal; Mustered out July 7, I860. 

William Gorman. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

James H. Hakes. Sergt.; Disch'd for disability .June 15, '60. 

Seth Haskins. Col. Corp.; Disch'd by order War Dpt., May 4, *Ga 

Solomon G. Hay^yard. Died a i^risoner. 

Alg'u G. Henderson. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William G. Henderson. Died. 

Bennett Hines. Mustered out June 15, I860. 

Ira D. Jones. Sergeant ; Mustered out June 11, 1865. 

Lorenzo Light. Sergeant; Killed. 

Joseph M. Marsh. Discharged for disability Feb. 18, 1863. 

Patrick McGrath. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Edward McGrath. Clustered out July 7, 1865. 

Andrev,- McGrath. Transferred to Co. L. 


Josepli McManiis. ]\rastered out Jane 15, 1865. 

Cornelius II. Merrell. Died of wounds. 

Henry C. Merrell. Mustered out June 22, 18G5. 

Charles H. Mitchell. Discharged for disability Dec. 20, 1864. 

Edwin R. Mitchell. Corporal; Mustered out Jul}' 19, 1SG5. 

Pierre Mundry. Discharged for disability April 8, 18G3. 

]\Iorris E. Munger. Mustered out Jul}' 7, 1SG5. 

George Munson. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Thomas Noonan. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Joseph Nul. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Roswell Root. Mustered out July 7, 18G5, 

Edward H. Ro^^s. Mustered out July 7, 1865, 

Charles N. Rust. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Daniel Ryan. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Patrick Ixyan. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John W. Shaw. Discharged for disability August 1, 1865. 

George Simons. Killed. 

Edward P. Smith. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Homer D. St. John. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Allen B. 8t. John. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Richard S. Thompson. Died. 

William H. Tiffany. I^Iustered out July 7, 1865. 

Orville B. Tiffany. First Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Ephraim Tucker. Mustered out March 28, 1865. 

Harvey Tucker. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Jesse Turner. Sergeant; Mustered out June 17, 1865. 

Jefferson M. Tyler. Corporal; j^Iusterecl out July 7, 1865. 

George W. Warren. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

John C. Weeks. Disch'd by order of War Dept., May 29, '65. 

John H. Battcrman. 

The Recruits of Company F. 

George D, Allen. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
William Allen. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Myron C. Benson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Stanton 8. Belden. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 


Ammi Bailey. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

Josepli Busby. Missing. 

Otis Clustered out .June 10, 1865. 

Jolm Brown. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

OlapL Benson. ?>Iu5tered out August 18, 18G5. 

Chester Barnes. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Alexander Bierce. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Jay J. Cushman, Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Cruess. Mustered out August 8, 1865. 

Dvrif'ht Case. Discharged for disability June 3, 1865. 

Jolm R. M. Cleaveland. Discharged for disability Feb. 8, '64. 

Timothy B. Cannon. Clustered out August 18, 18C5. 

Thomas Cainen. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Robert Cahill. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Decker. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edmund Doherty. Died. 

Philander Eggleston. Died. 

Harvey Ford. Died. 

Charles W. Griswold. Died of wounds. 

Parley B. Gammons. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John E. nail. Killed. 

Byron O. Hawley. Corp.; Disch'dfor disability June 29, 'Go. 

James Hyde. Mustered out July 14, 1865. 

James O. Hotchkiss. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

Charles Herville. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Howard. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Johnson. Discharged for disability June 4, 1865. 

Timothy F. Kelly. Discharged for disability June 25, 1365. 

John Kelley. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 

John Korn. Mustered out August IS, 1865. 

Guilford M. Kirkham. Band; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Keith. Discharged for disability May 14, 1865. 

Lorenzo K. Lemoine. Died. 

Michael Lloyd. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Lomax. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Louis Langelile. Transferred to the Xavy. 

Jefferson T. Lent. Killed by accideut. 


Oscar M. Mitchell. Mustered out Auf^ust 18, 18G5. 

Henry J. McLean. Clustered out August 18, 186~. 

Benjamin A. Murpby. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George F. McNarj-. First Sergeant ; Must, out Aug. 18, 1865. 

Thonifis McMmIiou. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Michael McMahou, 1st. Clustered out August 18, 1805. 

Michael McMahon, 2d. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Michael McMahon, 3d. jMustered out August 18, 1865. 

Sherman Messenger. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Alexander McCormick. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William JSIalthouse. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William C. Mtjrris. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Timothy O'Callaghan. Killed. 

Robert H. Rust. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Peter Riley. Died. 

John Riley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Scoville. Mustered out Ausust 18, 1865. 

George W. Scoville. Corporal ; Mustered out August 18, '65. 

Henry O. Sweet. Sergeant ; Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Spreyer. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Ruius B. Smith. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Thomas Smith, clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Thompson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Yiin Deusen, Died. 

Robert J. Van Deusen. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Martin Wilcox. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Elisha Wells. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edwin Walden. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edward Wadsworth. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Williams. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Alex. Waters. Q. M. Sergt.; Disch'd for disability May 18, '65. 

John Williamson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 


Patrick Burke. James Mahoney. 

lie-iary H. Heofmau. General H. Morgan. 

Tiiomas Kelly. John O'Brien. 

Lack 3larray. Charles Van Roden.. 



The original Infantry Company, mustered in at Litchfielcl, 
September 11, 1862. 

Captain — Edward F. Gold. 
First Lisuteiumt — Lyman Teator. 
Second Lieutenant — J. Milton Gregory. 


Michael Kelley. Commissioned. 

Gad N. Smith. Commissioned, 

Henry S. Dean. 1st Sergt.; Declined Com.; Disch'd disability. 

Silas A. Palmer. Transferred to Co. M. 

Ira Chapman. Disch'd by order of War Dept., June 10, 1865. 


Julius A. Glover. Sergeant ; Discli'd for disability July 5, '65. 

Charles P. Traver. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Henry P. Milford. Q. M. Sergt,; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Albert Robinson. Discharged for disability Dec. 21, 1864. 

Joseph B, Payne. Q, M. Sergeant ; Killed. 

Gilbert E, Lake. Discharged for disability Aplil 11, 1863. 

"William S, Shepard, Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Myron Hubbell. Died. 
James H. Van Buren. Died of wounds. 

Rufus S, Frink. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


George M, Bennett, Discharged for disability Dec. 31, 1862. 

William H, Bowen, Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Alfred L, Benedict. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Mathew^ P, Bell, jr. Sergt.; Disch'd for disability June 22, '65. 

Frederick F, Butler. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Franklin B. Bierce. Mustered out May 30, 1865. 


Henry W. Baker. Discharged for disability Sept. 11, 1863. 

Daniel Buxton. Discharged for disability Jan. 31, 1863. 

Russell T. Barnum. Discharged for disability Jan. 5, 1865. 

George TV. Brague. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Jerome Chipmau. Discharged for disability Feb. 33, 1865. 

George V. Capron, Mustered out June 13, 1865. 

Nelson Clark. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John Chase. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John Curtin. Discharged for disability March 15, 1865. 

William Clinton. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

ISlichael Curley. Discharged for disability March 15, 1865. 

Philo L. Cole. Died. 

James B. Capron. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Haryey Clark. Died, 

Josiah B. Corbau. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

John O. Doherty, Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Miles E. Dean. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Patrick Delaney. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William Frazear. Discharged for disability June 8, 1865. 

John Grady. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Frederick D. Holmes. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles C. Hinman. Died. 

Edmund E. Hoffman. Mustered out July 7, 1836. 

Edward Hover. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Wesley L. Holmes. Mustered out June 33, 1865. 

William H. Ingraham. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles Ingersoll. Sergeant. Died of wounds. 

Nelson T. Jennings. Mustered out June 6, 1865. 

George L. Janes. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Nathan H. Jewitt. Discharged for disability Dec. 33, 1863. 

Barney Kinney. Died of wounds. 

David Kimball. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

David Killmer. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles King. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Walstein Lounsbury. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, 

Sidney Lapliam. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John Lapham. Died. 


Elijah C. Mallory. Discharged for disability Jan. 21, 1863. 

Ralph J. Miner. Discharged for disability March 8, 1863. 

Rollin R. Northrop. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George D. Palmer. Mustered out July 7, I860. 

Henry Peck. Killed. 

George W. Page. Killed. 

John F. Peck. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Albert A. Peck, Died. 

Charles J. Reed. Killed. 

Lucien G. Rouse. Died. 

Charles R. Swift. Sergeant ; Mustered out June 9, 1865. 

Frederick Skepard. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Lewis J. Sawyer. Died. 

Thomas Sherman. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Dwight B. Studley. Died of wounds. 

Charles H. Smith. Discharged for disability June 5, 1865. 

Merritte H. Stone. Died. 

George W. Studley, Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Elisha Soule. Killed. 

Henry Shadt, Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Patrick Troy. Corporal ; Died of wounds. 

Elmore E. Waldron. Discharged for disability Nov. 1, 1864. 

Allen Williams. Died. 

Horace Williams. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William Young. Discharged for disability May 10, 1863. 


Robert A. Bard. Dayton S. Reed. 

Edward H. Cross. Isaac L. Reed. 

ITie Recruits of Company G. 

Edward P. Bracfue. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Herman E. Bonney. Died. 

George Burton. Disch'd by order of War Dept,, April 14, '65. 

Niram Buttolph. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles H. Bentley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Byrnes. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Wesley Bunnell. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 


Andrew J. Bolles. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John H. Bradley. Died. 

George W. Baldwin. Mustered out June 9, 1865* 

Albert H. Bailey. Mustered out June 12, 1865. 

George Clinton. Died of wounds. 

John Christie. Discharged for disability May 17, 1865. 

Frank L. Cadwell. Band; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George A. Case. Discharged for disability June 15, 1865. 

Henry E. Fenn. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles I. Fenn. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Linus S. Goodrich. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Eli Grover. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Peter Gilmet. Discharged for disability May 31, 1865. 

Michael Gallagher. Discharged for disability Feb. 28, 1865. 

Thomas H. Graham. Mustered out May 19, 1865. 

Frederick Hyer. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William H. Hosmer. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Hawver. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

John W. Hamblin. Died. 

Lewis Hamblin. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Michael Henry. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Hicks. Mustered out Mav 80, 1865. 

Hubert D. Hoxley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Zina D. Hotchkiss. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Dwight A. Hotchkiss. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Peter Joray. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Keech. Discharged for disability Jan. 13. 1865. 

Timothy Leonard. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Asa Lee. Discharged for disability Jan. 8, 1865. 

Stephen McMasters. Discharged for disability Sept. 8, 1864. 

John M. McLaughlin. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Patrick Murphy. Mustered out August 7, 1865. 

Paschal P. North. Died. 

Sylvester Prout. Died of wounds. 

Nathan Payne. Discharged for disal)ility Feb. 13, 1364. 

William S. Palmer. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James M. Palmer. Died of wounds. 


Frederick J. Pierce. Cdii3o'ral ; Mustered out August 18, '65. 

Henry AV. Parker. Transferred to the Navy. 

Gilbert G. Rose. Mu&tered out June 1, 1865. 

Erastus Rusco. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Roberts. Transferred to the Navy. 

John Reynolds. Dium'd out of service for cowardice, Sept.'64. 

James Stanley. Mustered out ^May 30, 1865. 

Orville Slover. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Swift B. Smith. First Sergeant; Mustered out August 18, "65. 

ftorftce C. Sickmuud. Died of wounds. 

William A. Slover. Died. 

Michael Shannon. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Smith. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thoma-s Sizer. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Albert N. Smith. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

George C. Short. Transferred to the Navv. 

John R. Thompson. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Tully. Mustered out August 18, 1835. 

William Thompson. Transferred to the Navy. 

Quincy Thayer. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

George E. Wansor. 

Lockwood Waldron, Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William White. Died. 

Charles A. Wheeler. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Chauncey L. Warner. Killed. 

Wilson G. Waterman. Killed. 

Henry H. Watrous. Died. 


Lorenzo Buttolph, John McCool. 

John Byford. Mark Shay. 

John Burns. Dv,ight Smith. 

William Burgess. John H. Taylor. 

Lawrence Canfield. Benjamin Wilson. 

James Lynch. John W. Williams. 

Joseph Muller. Charles Way, 
Thomas McCaulcy. 



Tlie original Infantry Company, mustered in at Litcbfield, 
September 11, 1862. 

Captain — George S. Williams. 

First Lieutenant — Fredericiv ]\I. Berry. 

Second Lieutenant — Walter Burnliam. 


Daniel E. Alarsli. Commissioii€d. 

Charles W. Robertson. Discliarged for disability Feb. 6, 1803. 

(.xarwood R. Merwin. Died. 

Charles F.' Anderson. First Sero^eant ; Commissioned. 

Romulus C. Loveridge. Commissioned in Colored Troops. 


David E. Soule. Seri;jeant; C(mimissioned, 

Henry C. Noble. Sergeant; Disch"d for disability Feb. 4, "64. 

Minor A. Strong. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1805. 

Lewis W. Mosher. Sergt.; DischM for disability May 24. '64. 

Homer S. Curtis. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Irwin C. Buckingham. Sgt.; Disch'd for disability May 24,"64. 

Edward F. Lyon. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, I860. 

Horace E. Jones. Mustered out July 7, 1803. 


Andrew E. Bailey. Mustered out May 18, 18G5. 

Olio H. Buckingham. Corj).; Mustered out July 7, 1805. 

Harmon T. Edwards. Mustered out July 7. 1865. 

Charles Brinell. Discharged for disability May 29, 1865. 
Henry A. Burton. Corp.; DischVl lor disability June 7, '^^. 
Gustavus H. Black. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 


Ii-a S. Bradley Dj.ed. 

Edgar W. Calhoun. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry A. Calhoun. Died. 

Russell B. Camp. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Alfred Cable. Discharged for disability June 1, 1865. 

Sheldon Clark. Died. 

Hiram Cable. Dischar£;ed for disability May 18, 18G5. 

George Chamberlain. Discharged for disability June 3, 1805.- 

William E. Canfield. Transferred to Co. M as Sergeant. 

Benjamin F. Dunham. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865* 

"William E. Disbrow. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1805.- 

William H. Dains. Died. 

George S. Erwin. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Oliver B. Evitts. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Sheldon Fox. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1805. 

Henry Fry. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Francis L. French. Mustered olit July 7, 1865. 

Henry S. Gridiey. Corp.; Disch'd for disability April 3, '64. 

Horatio S. Hoyt. Corporal; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry R. Hoyt. Transfa. to Co. M.; 1st Sgt.; Commissioned. 

Austin R. Humphrey. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7. 1865. 

John Harrington. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

C^'rus HoT\iand. Mustered out June 1, 1865, 

Herman Hoffman. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles W. Jackson. Killed. 

Elroy S. Jennings. ]\Iustered out July 7^ 1865. 

Jerome Johnson. Died. 

Andrew S. Kinney. Mustered out Feb. 6, 1883. 

Joseph S. Knowles. Discharged for disability April 6, 1865. 

Frederick J. Logan. Discharged for disability April 12, 1833. 

Daniel G. Marshall. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John N. 3Ieramble. Color Corporal ; Must, out July 7, 1865. 

Jairus W. Monroe. Discharged for disa!)ility March 9, 1863. 

Henrv S. Morehouse. Mustered out Julv 7. 1865. 

Anson B. Nichols. Mustered out July 7. 1865. 

Franklin Nichols. Corporal ; Disch'd for disability May 28,"65. 

George D. Potter. Mustered out July 7, 1865, 


George IL Potter* Corporal ; Mustered out June 12, 1865, 

Alanson Pcet. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Loren Peet. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Herbert A. Reed. Died a prisoner. 

Nathan H. Root. Transfd. Co. M as 1st Sgt.; Mas. out Jy. 7/65. 

Henry C. Straiglit. KiUcd. 

Reuben H. Sherwood. Mustered out July 7, 18G5. 

Lucius S. Sherman. Mustered out July 7, 1865. . 

Homer S. Sa'Ckett. Corporal; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Stephen V. Snediker, Mustered out May 21, 1865. 

Uriah F. Snediker. Corp.; Disch'd for disability June 6, '65. 

Orville A. Sawyer. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Lewis St. John. Died. 

Horace N. Sanford. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Daniel T. Soniers. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

Jerome Titus. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Seth N. TaylQr. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William H. Thompson. Corporal ; Clustered out July 7, 1865. 

Edward E. Thompson, Clustered out June 22, 1865. 

William C. Warner. Died. 

Frank J. Warner. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865, 

Charles A. Way, Mustered out June 20, 1865, 

John F, Williams. Mustered out July 7, 1865, 

Alfred N, Whittlesey, Discharged for disability June 3, 1865. 

Burr Williams. Discharged for disability March 27, 1865. 

David V. Wright. Discharged for disability Jan. 23, 1863. 

Lewis S. Young. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

The Recrvits of Cmnipany II. 
Newell W. Andrews. Mustered out August 18, 18G5. 
Doctor Bronson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Orson Buel. Regtl. IIosp. Steward; Alust. out August 18, '65. 
Charles E. Beeman. Mustered out August 18, 1805. 
Rufus Beeman. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 
John A. Beeman. Discharged for disability May 31, 1864. 
Henry Bridge. Died. 

Henry D. Burr. Corporal; Mustered out August 18, 1865, 
Theodore A. Barnes. Killed, 


Charles H. Butler. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Frank A. Bearclsley. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 
Jesse A. Barden. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Tliomas Bone. Mustered out June 80, 1865. 
Daniel Cahill. Sergeant ; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
David B. Disbrow. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Robert Erwin. Transferred to Field and Staff as Q. M. Ser- 
geant; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
States B. Flandreau. Corporal; Mustered out August 18, '65. 
Charles V. Flandreau. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Adam H. Graham. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Charles E. Gilbert. Translerred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 
John B. Gavitt. Mustered out June 19. 1865. 
Charles A. Hurd. Mustered out July 15, 1865. 
Edwin Harrington. 

John Harris. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 
John Haley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
John Hickey. Mustered out August 18, 1865. ' 
John J. narrower. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Willis Plartwell. Died. 

Charles Iselton. Sergeant ; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Ira Jones. Mustered out Aucfust 18, 1865. 
Apollos Jennings. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
William Keeler. Discharged for disability Jan. 23, 1864. 
Michael Kelly. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Joseph R. Loveridge. Died. 
Patrick Lynch. Missing. 

Charles E. Lampson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
William F. Lane. Mustered out July 3, 1865. 
Henry Mallett. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Henry Murphy. Discharged for disability April 18, 1865. 
Hiram Muiphy. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 
Charles McDermott. Mustered out June 30, 1865. 
Henry M. Marshall. Mustered out August 18, 1863. 
Edward Mead. Killed. 

Ernest Michaelis. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 
Albert N. Marsh. Mustered out July 21, 1865. 


Harvey J, Nicliolson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Northrop. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Hugh O'Donuell. Q. M. Sergeant; Must, out August 18, 18G5. 

John O'Brien. Mustered out August 18, 1865i 

James M. Parsons. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Harry Payne. ;Mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Sylvester C. Piatt. Died. 

Daniel Pajme. Died of wounds. 

Marcellus R. Pislion. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

John R. Plielps. Corporal; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Harvey Pease. Died of wounds. 

John Rogers. 

George Squire-. Mustered out August 18, 1865^ 

Homer Sterling. Discharged for disability April 18, 1864. 

Adam Sel)astian. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Jonathan T. Salmons. Mustered out June 12, 1865. 

William L. Stoddard. Mustered out June 19, 1865. 

William Smith. ^Mustered out June 12, 1865. , 

James K. Taylor. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry J. Thompson. Mustered out June 21, 1865. 

Jeremiah A. Thompson. Mustered out June 17, 1865. 

Henry Thecklenl)erg. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Y/edge. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Botsford Whitehead. Discharged for disability Feb. 4, 1864. 

Edward H. Yf illard. Corporal ; Mustered out August 18, '6o. 

Theodore F. AYarner. Mustered out May 14, 1865. 

Moses L. Wigglesworth. Died a prisoner. 

John Williams. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Louis AYeber. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 


Benjamin Bieice. George Hancock. 

Andrew A. Bronson. W^illiam S. Kohler. 

John Blaney. Henry ^Miller. 

James Brown. William H. lUce. 

Ferdmand Cole. Samuel Turner. 

Barney Casey. George Wood. 

Henry ^Y. Davis. George Willson. 
William W. Fox, 



The original Infantry Company, mustered in at Litclifield, 
September 11, 18G2. 

Captain — Eli Sperry. 

First Lieutenant-^Guleon D. Cranes 

Second Lieutenant— QQOVgn E, Betts. 


James M. Bradlef . Commissioned in Colored Troops. 
Walter J. Orton. Q. M. Sergeant ; Died of wounds. 
Henry S. McKinney. Commissioned. 
Marcus D. Smitli. Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, 18G5. 


Cyrus T. Nicholson. 1st Sgt.; Discli'd for disability June 23,'6o. 

George C. Bradley. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 12, 1865. 

Herbert Y. Peck. Discharged for disability Dec. 5, 18G2. 

Charles M. Rowley. Mustered out May 18, 18G5. 

Henry F. Hard. Died. 

John S. White. Died. 

Dexter C. Northrop. Mustered out July 7, 18G5. 


Frederick M. IMiuor. Discharged for disability June 5, 1865. 
James C. Polley. Died. 

Charles P. DeForcst, Discharged for disability April 8, 1865. 

Charles N. Baldwin. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 
Isaac Briggs. Died. 

William Barry. Discharged for disability Jan. 31. 1865. 
Edward Botsford. Corporal; mustered out July 7, 18G5. 
Patrick Brady. Corporal ; died of wounds. 
Charles Botsford. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 
Herman Bachman. Discharged for disability March 9, 1863. 


George D. Bennett. Mustered out June 23, 1865. 

Charles Barney. Killed. 

Henry Dunham, jr. Discharged for disa])ility Feb. 12, 1863. 

Charles F. Flushman. Corporal ; died of wounds. 

Charles H. Fogg. Sergeant ; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Harvey H. Fox. Died. 

James \Y. Green. Discharged for disability Feb. 27, 1865. 

Almon D. Galpin. Killed. 

John F. Harrigan. Corporal ; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John Hutchinson. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Iluel Hazen. Discharged for disability June 9, 1865. 

John S. Hall. Corporal ; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John T. Hall. Discharged for disability Nov. 20, 1863. 

Frederick R. Hard. Discharged for disability May 27, 1865. 

Hubbard Hotclikiss. Sergeant; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Levi H. Hotclikiss. Discharged for disability April 26, 1865. 

Samuel D. Hayes. Mustered out May 22, 1865. 

George E. Judson. Sergeant ; died of wounds. 

Friend F. Kane. Killed. 

Daniel E. Leach. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Amos A. Lucas. Discharged for disability June 22, 1865. 

Israel Lucas. Discharged for disability Dec. 18, 1865. 

John McLaughlin. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

Willis J. Mallor3^ Mustered out July 8. 1865. 

Oscar H. Manchester. Discharged for disability Feb. 7, 1865. 

Joseph Miller. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Samuel M. Mallory. Discharged for disability May 8, 1863. 

Arthur B, Newy. Drummed out for desertion, Oct. 30, 1863. 

Harson B. Northrop. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William O'Brien. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Erastus F. Peck. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Bela Potter. Corporal ; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William H. Reynolds. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John J. Rogers. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Henry C. Rogers. Corporal ; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George W. Root. Corporal; mustered out May 28, 1865. 

Thomas Shaw. Sergeant ; discharged for disability June 1, '64* 


Frederick C. Sladc. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Chauncey Seeley. Corporal ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles T. Squires. Corporal; transfd. Veteran Reserve Corps, 

Andrew Tiernay. Discharged for disability June 7, 1865. 

Charles T. Tyrrell. Corporal: mustered out July 7, 1865, 

Ira Thomas. Discharged for disability March 4, 1864. 

Horatio S. Thomas. Died. 

Charles L. Thomas. Died. 

Daniel S. Taylor. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Timothy F. Walsh. Sergeant: Missing. 

Curtis TTheeler. Died of wounds. 

Jared B. Winton. Mustered out July 7, 1SG5. 

Ambrose H. Wilsey. Disch'd by order War Dept., Aug. 17. "65, 

Benjamin Wellman. Q. M. Sergt.; mustered out July 7, 1865. 


Elliott Dibble, Sergeant. George A. DeForest. 

Charles H. Lum, Corporal. Thomas SoothilL 
James Burton. 

27ie Recruits of Company I. 

Edward Bell. Corporal ; died. 

Ham A. Barnes. Died of wounds. 

Asahei D. Brockett. Mustered out August 18. 1865. 

Charles Bennett. Died of wounds. 

Abner Bennett. Discharged ior disability Nov. 16, 1864, 

David Backus. 

George I. Babcock, jr. Transferred to Co. L. as Sergeant. 

Harman Clark. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Comber. Clustered out August 18, 1865, 

Levi Callender. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Addison Cook. Killed. 

David Cramer. Killed. 

Stephen Carney. Clustered out May 30. 1865. 

Joseph Curnal. Died. 

Lewis Clark. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Francis Dugan. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 


William Davis. Mustered out July 8, 1865. 

Timothy Ehvell. Died. 

Samuel Eastman. Mustered out August 18, 18G5. 

Samuel B. Ferris. Killed. 

diaries Fox. Discliarged for disability June 17, 1865. 

William Fitzgerald. Killed. 

AVilliam Gregg. Discharged for disability August 23, 1864. 

Felix Gillick. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Cornelius GoebeL Corporal ; Died. 

Thomas Harper. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Holt. Corporal ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edwin Holland. Discharged for disability June 22, 1865. 

James Healv. Mustered out June 19, 1865. 

M^Ton M. Jennings. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Andrew Knoff. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Keeler. 

Jason T. Lampson. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

Marshall Lines. Died a prisoner. 

Charles A. Locklin. Mustered out July 8, 1865. 

Davis A. Locklin. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Isaac W. Locklin. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George W. Locklin. Died of wounds. 

Theodore Lockwood. Corporal ; Mustei'cd out August 18, '65. 

Seymour Lobdell. Died of wounds. 

Banks Lounsbury. Died. 

John McQueeny. Discharged for disability June 19, 1865. 

Hanford Meeker. IMustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles S. Meeker. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

John McDavitt. Mustered out June 1, 1885. 

David AV. Manning. Corp.; discli'd for disability July 15, '65. 

Olin Nash. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John K. Northrop. Died. 

Jeremiah New^comb. Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Stephen Olmsted. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

Henry Payne. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John B. Parker. Mustered out June 27, 1865. 

George Parsons. Transferred to the Navy. 


James Rngan. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

James T. Roche* Mustered out August 18. 1865; 

Charles Smith. Mustered out June 3, I860. 

Charles W. Speer. jMustercd out August IS, 186oi 

James Sidney. Died. 

"Wiiiiam Smith. Transferred to the Xavj. 

"William H. Smith. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Warden Stammer. Sergeant; mustered out August 18, I8G0. 

John Smiths Transferred to the 'Saxy. 

James Sweeney. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edward Sturofes. Discharged for disability May 23, 1865. 

Leander Snider. Mustered out Xov. 23, 1865. 

John Simmons. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Stei^henson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William B. Shaw. Mustered out June 18, 1865. 

Henry Taylor. Discharged for disability April 29, 1865. 

John Turley. Discharged for disability June 20, 1865. 

"Theron 31. Woodruff. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

^ISTelson B. Williams. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

John WrighL Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles WrigliL Discliarged for disability July 30, 1865. 

Albert Woodruff. Died a T)risoner. 

Daniel P. Wakeman. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Wells. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William P. Walker. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Oeorge R. Walker. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Webster. Clustered out June 13, 1865. 


George Alford. James Hill. 

Dominick Burns. Joseph ^lillor. 

Allen Brundage. James K. Taylor. 

Thomas S. Carter. James W. Weaver. 

John Clayton. Melvin R. Warner. 

John Farley. Irvin E. Warner. 
William Headdens. 



The original Infantry Company, mustered in at LitchSeld, 
September 11, 1862. 

Captain — Edward O. Peck. 

First Lieutenant — Augustus II. Fenn. 

Second Lieutenant — James N. Coe. 


Buslirod H. Camp. Sergeant Major ; commissioned. 

Jolm E. Sedgwick, jr. First Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Oscar Piatt. Commissioned. 

William S. Watson. Died. 

Edwin D. Beeman. First Sergeant; Mustered out July 7, '65. 


James R. Johnson. Discharged for disability Jan. 12, 1864. 

Wolcott Cook. Died. 

Hiram DuBois. Discharged for disability Nov. 17, 1862. 

Alanson A. Negus. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

David D. Lake. Killed. 

Truman O. Sanford. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Lant liyan. Died a prisoner. 


James Martin. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 
George A. Hoyt, jr. Died. 

Minor C. Wedge. Discharged for disability August 13, 1863. 


Franklin Andrus. Killed. 

Noble Andrus. Missing. 

Isaac Baldwin. Killed. 

Chester L. Bancroft. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Meayy artillery 307 

Hiraai L. Bronson. Mustered out July 7, 18G5. 

John H. Burns. Mustered out June 24, 1865, 

Charles A. Campbell. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Submit B. Castle. Discharged for disability Nov. 20, 1863. 

Cyrene M. Clark. Discharged for disability Feb. 6, 1863. 

John H. Cooper. Sergeant ; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George R. Colby. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

Hemy Colby. Died, 

Daniel Conley. Discharged for disability May 15, 1864. 

Frederick A. Dauchy. Discharged for disability Nov. 24, '64. 

Frederick Ette. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John Ette. Mustered out July 7, 1865* 

Charles D. Ferris. Died. 

Patrick Farrell. Sergeant; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Edward GritEn. Killed. 

"Wesley F. Glover. Died. 

Charles Gregory. Corporal; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Elizur A. Hodge. Corporal ; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William Hart. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

John Halion. Discharged for disability August 12, 18G3. 

Stephen P. Harlow. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Thomas Herbert. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Anglebert Herman. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles Hungerford. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Levi N. Jacus. Dischariied for disability Jan. 24, 1863, 

Alfred June. Died of wounds. 

Bernard C. Keegan. Discharged for disability 11, "65, 

Alexander D. Kasson. Killed. 

Sidney A. Law. Died. 

Arthur Lockwood. Sergeant ; Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John A. Ludford. Discharged for disability Feb. 25, 1865. 

George H. McBurney. Killed. 

Erwin Munroe. Mustered out July 14, 1865. 

John Munson. Died of wounds. 

Henry Murphy. Discharged for disability Nor. 3, 1862. 

Eben Norton. Died. 

John O'Connor. Discharged for disability May 18, 1863. 



Frank Parkei'. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

"William R. Parmelee. Discharged for disability Dec. 5, 1803. 

Abner B. Palmer. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Asaliel N. Perkins. Died of wounds. 

Asa Pettis. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Charles Reed. Killed. 

Jolm Shores. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Allen Sawyer. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Alonzo Stewart. Discharged for disability June 29, 1863. 

Edgar J. Stewart. Corporal ; mustered out June 9, 1865. 

George E. Taylor. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Thomas P. Tomi^kins. Corporal; Mustered out May 13, 1865. 

James Tracy. Discharged for disability June 8, 1865. 

Enoch G. Warhurst. Corporal; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

John Warner. Killed. 

Francis Wedge. Sergeant ; mustered out July 7, 1865, 

Lebbeus J. Welch. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Jacob Wentworth. Died of wounds. 

Thomas Wheeler, Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

Alfred White. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 

George A. Wood. Mustered out July 7, 1865. 


William H. Knickerbocker. Jacob Warner. 
Jason W. Johnson. Noah B. Welch. 

Ira Warner. 

I%e Becruits of Company K. 

Charles N. Beeman. Sergeant ; mustered out August 18, '65. 

Orson Buell. Sergeant ; transferred to Field and Staff. 

Lucien Button. Killed. 

George Brown. IMustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles A. Bristol. Corporal ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Philo K. Bassett. Discharged for disability Dec. 20, 1865. 

Daniel Buckley. Corporal; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Birch. Died. 

Anton Barth. Died. 


Henry B. Bristol. Killed. 

Hubert E. Banker. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Daniel Briggs, Mustered out June 13, 186.>. 

Charles A. BigeloVf, 

John Branan. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

Lucius Brown. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George D. Beeuian, Discharged for disability July 25, 1865, 

Andrew Carney. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

John H. Call. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Thomas Coleraine. 

Joseph E. Camp. Missing. 

Owen Cromney. Died of wounds. 

Robert Clark. Clustered out June 10, 1865-. 

Michael Convey. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Lyman F. Cole. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

George H. Curtis. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Amaziah Downs. Died a prisoner. 

John Fitzpatrick. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Truman P. Favereau. Ti-ansferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, 

John Foley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Finnegan. 3Iustered out August 18, 1865, 

William H. Gorham. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Peter Gallagher. Killed. 

William S. Hines. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John H. R. Hipwell, Killed, 

William Harrington, Mustered out x\.ugust 18, 1865. 

George W. Harrington. Died. 

Homer W. Hodge. Discharged for disability Jan. 10, 1805. 

Edward D, Hall. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Edmund D. Hickey. Killed. 

Charles Haviland. Killed, 

Dennis Haley. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Henry H. Hyatt Killed. 

George Hoxley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Benjamin W. Higby, Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Leander Ide. Died. 

Charles A. Johnson, Died of wounds. 


Andrew Jackson. Killed. 

Patrick Kennedy. Killed. 

George H. Knajjp. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Iloswell Kelly. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

V/illiam B. Leach. Died. 

Joseph Lewis. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edward Monroe. Discharged for disability Jan. 24, 1864. 

Francis McAdam. 

Henry Miller. 

Charles May. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

liansom L. Maloney. Mustered out June 28, 1865. 

George W. Murphy. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles F. Morris. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Albert J. Miner. Died of wounds. 

Robert Morris. Corporal; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry H. Mason. Corporal ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Martin. Killed. 

Dennis Moore. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Oliver P. Piatt. Mustered out August 21, 1865. 

George Piatt. Discharged for disability March 8, 1865. 

Austin V. Rogers. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

Charles H. Russell. Missing. 

Isaac Smith. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Smith. Mustered out July 3, 1865. 

Robert Sothergill. Killed. 

Chauncey Stevens. Discharged for disability June 6, 1865. 

Edgar Smith. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

"William H. Stevens. Discharged for disability June 6, 1865. 

James Slatery. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Robert S. Short. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Francis Sothergill. Mustered out Sept. 5, 1865.. 

Charles Simoson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Evelyn L. Thorpe. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Abram A. Tolles. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Allen S. Tuttle. Discharged for disability June 23, 1865. 

William W. Wheeler. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Nathan B. Westbrook. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 




John Bniy. 
Hen.iy S. Cummings. 
John Clarke. 
John CampbeU. 
Orrin Ferguson. 
James Fiunegan. 
Solomon Gorham. 
Chai-les A. Hoyt. 
William Howe. 
James Jon/is. 
William Kendrick. 

Daniel Lavell. 
Oakley Middlebrook. 
John Mm-phy. 
Frank Morton. 
James Monrow. 
Michael Riley. 
Charles H. Triglcr. 
Samuel Williams. 
Beujzunin Wells. 
WiiiJaaa Wenslor. 


Vapfain — JfVBifes Deane, 
l^^irist Lkntenant — Phuip EL Chapin. 
First Lieutenant — Edward C, Huxley, 
Se/:«^rul Lieutenant — Jame-s 31. Suowden. 
Sec&nd Lieutenant — Oscar PJatt. 

(Composed entirely of Recruits.) 

William H. Allen. First Sergeant; must, out August 18. 'Qo. 

William Alfreds. Transferred to the Xavy. 

George I. Babcock, jr. Sergeant; must, out August 18, 1805. 

Timothy Brown, Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Calvin A, Bowers. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

I^alrick Butler. Died a prisoner. 

James Busse. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

August Berg. Killed. 

Thomas Burns. Corporal; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William J. Burke. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Bishop. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Geor^re Blackman. Mustered out Aui^ust 18, 1865. 

James Barry. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Boyce. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

:>12 SEcoNi> cON:^t:€ticui' 

Jesse GiUlv. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

DuQ-ald Cam:;bell. Q. M. Ser^'eant ; must, out June 10, 1SG5. 

John Calnon. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

John Clow. Discharged lor disability Jan. 15, 1865, 

William J. Dixon. Corporal ; died. 

Ezra Daggett. Discharged Apnl 18, 1865, 

Charles Davenport. Died. 

William Dostman. Sergeant; mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Marshall Davenport. Mastered out August 18, 1865. 

John Dostman. Mustered out xlugust 18, 1865. 

Anthony Dougherty. Mustered out August IS, 1865. 

Oliver Dugette. Corporal; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Day. Died of wounds. 

Peter Dolan. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Seneca Edgett. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Thomas B. Foster. Died. 

Thomas Farrell. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Ciark Fox. Mastered out August 18, 1865. 

Patrick Fariell. Mustered out August 18. 1865, 

George R. Grover. Died a prisoner. 

Sylvester Graves. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles A. Gouliet. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Charles E. Groat. Corporal; mustered out June 10, 1865. 

James Gillin. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles W. Halo. Sergeant; Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

llobert Harrington. Discharged lor disability Nov. 1, 188±. 

Noah Hart. Discharged for disability Nov. 15, 1865. 

Frederick Hooker. Died. 

Henry A. Hubbell. Corporal ; died. 

AViiliam Hall. Mustered out August 18, 1865; 

James Hughes. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Heidenrich. Mustered out JNlay 31, 1865. 

James Hyatt. Corporal; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Amos L. Ives. Died of M'ounds. 

Henry Jones. Transferred to the Navy. 

Van Leeson Jcnks. Mustered out June 12, 1865. 

Richard M. Kelly. Transferred to the I^avy, 

fiEAvV AJi-riht-Eiti: 313 

[Austin P. Kirktiam. Sergearnf ; Commissioned. 

George McCoy. Transferred to Yetei-an Reserve Corps. 

William Mollov. DJed. 

Korman Mansfield. Corporal ; died of wounds. 

Thomas McDonakL Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Andrew McGrath. Sergeant; mustered out July 7, 1865. 

William Morton. Corporal ; died. 

John Martin. Killed. 

John Mullen. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry McGinety. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Mav. Mustered out August 18. 1865. 

Edward H. Northrop. Corporal : must, out August 18, 1865. 

Peter D. Nelson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Norman. Mustered out June 23, 1865. 

John Owen. Mustered out June 9, 1865. 

Dominick O'Brien. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Elisha Peck. Mustered out June 17, 1865. 

John S. Parraelee. Sergt. Major ; transfd. to Field and Slaflf. 

Walter William Pavn. Discharged- ior disability Jan. 18, *65. 

George Phelps. Mustered out June 19, 1865. 

William Parry. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Parker. Sergeant ; disch'd for disability Sept. 24, '64. 

John Pollard. Died. 

George M. Perkins. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles H. Ryan. Corporal : mustered out June 9, 1865. 

William Rodman. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Isaac Reimert. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Reed. Discharged for disability June 5, 1865. 

William Ragan. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 

Samuel N. Scranton. Corporal ; mustered out June 1, 1865. 

William A. Slenker. Sergeant ; Mustered out August 18, '65.. 

Watson W. Stonft^.. DXseh'd April 2, '64 ; iurnislied substitute.. 

John S. Strickland. First- Sergt.: must, out August 18, I860,. 

George W. Scott. Corporal; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Edward A. Snow. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Frederick Slade. Died. 

Frank Sabine. Discharged for disability April 29, 1865^ 




Georo'C StriiiGjer. 

Biard Tiittle. Mustei-ed out August 18, 18G5. 

Edward Thomas, 2d. Mustered out August 18, 18G5. 

William Travers. Transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Thomas Taylor. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Vrooman* Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Nelson Vrooman. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Adelbert D. Y/ebster. Corporal ; mustered out August 18,'65. 

John Woods. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Williams. Corporal ; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James Wilson. Corporal; mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Peter Yf elltrot. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Horace B. Wood. Died. 

Christopher C. Wells. Mustered out June 15, 1865. 

Morris W. White. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Patrick Wallace. 


John Emerson. 

George Alexander. 
William Brown, 
John Brown. 
Ernest Bauer. 
Thomas Butterfield. 
James W. Blake. 
Robert Burk. 
David Brown. 
Adam Bartholomew. 
B^Ton Booth. 
Andrew Clark. 
Richard Crawford. 
John Clark. 
Richard Darling. 
Elliott L. Dorman. 
Oscar Davidson. 
Jolin Davidson. 
Edward M. Dunham. 
Thomas Daley. 
James Edmonds, 

Andrew Edwards. 
Joseph Furniss. 
George Ferguson. 
George Fiss. 
John Finnegan. 
George Fairbanks. 
Albert Fisher. 
Thonuxs A. Goodman. 
John M. Grant. 
Joseph Gettier. 
George Green. 
John Gilmore. 
John Greenwood. 
Richard G. Hawkins. 
Albert Howe. 
James Haywood. 
Peter Hanson. 
John Hilton. 
James Hart, 



William Hall. 
Charles Hart. 
JBenjaiiiiii Hawkins. 
Georcfc Jackson. 
William Jones. 
Edward King. 
Jolm Keeler. 
Patrick Kelly. 
James Kanar. 
George King. 
Jolin Lewis. 
Henry Lewis. 
Wendell Lehman. 
William Lee. 
John McQiianne. 
Thomas McCarty. 
Alexander McCarty. 
David Miller. 
Thomas Maxwell. 
James McDonald. 
Michael ^loroff. 
Frank McKay. 
Patrick Murray, 
W^iiliam Myer. 
John Mclntyre. 
Patrick McCormick. 
John O'Brien. 

Edward O'Brien. 

Henry Peters. 

David Purdy. 

William Provost. 

Joseph Palmer. 

John Roberts. 

Patrick Rile3\ 

Charles Russell. 

James Smith. 

Charles Smith. 

Edward L. Sangston. 

Martin Sullivan. 

James Shaw. 

George Thompson. 

Charles Thompson. 

Edward Thomas, 1st. 

William Thompson. 

John Tracy, (substitute for 

Watson W. Stone.) 
James Van Slyke. 
Allen G. Winnegar. 
Thomas Weldon. 
John White. 
James Watts. 
John Wright. 
Andrew Wilson. 


Captain — Edward W. Marsh. 

First Lieutenant — James P. McCabe. 

First Lieutenant — 

Semnd Lieutenant — Henry Skinner. 

Second Lieutenant — 

(Composed entirely of Rccrnits.) 

Henry R. Hoyt. First Sergeant ; Commissioned. 


Silas A. Palmer. Q. M. Scrgt.; mustered out May 12, 1865. 

Charles Allen. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William Bergen. Missing. 

George Bunnell. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

William T. Blake. Mustered out .June 22, 1865. 

Charles Brant. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

John Burns. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles C. Bosworth. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Patrick Cosgrove. Discharged for disabilitj'^ Nov. 22, 1864. 

Edward Corcoran. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Samuel Cummings. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Colburn. Died of wounds. 

James H. Case. Died. 

Edward Crosby. Mustered out June 13, 1865. 

George H. Couch. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 

James Doyle. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Thomas Doyle. Died, 

Theodore Drune. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George W. Dayton. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

Alexander Ellcock. Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

William Erwin. Mustered out May 30, 1865. 

Cornelius L. Everett. Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

James Fitzsimmons. Mustered out June 9, 1865. 

John Feeney. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Patrick Feneren. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Peter Fitzgerald. Mustered out August 18, 1865u 

William Fisher. Transferred to the Navy. 

Martin H. Grube. Discharged for disability May 30, 1865. 

James Gallagher. Mustered out August 12, 1865. 

Charles E. Gilbert. Mustered out June 1, 1865-. 

William Hoffman. Mustered out August 18, 1865.. 

Peter Hayden. Mustered out August 18. 1865. 

John Jay. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Patrick Keegan. Killed. 

Azarie N. Lamoreux. Sergeant ; Commissioned. 

Patrick Little. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

James H. Lee. Discharged for disability Oct. 8, 1865. 


Amaziali Livingstone. Discharged for disability June 30, '65. 

William Munson. Discharged for disability August 8, 1860. 

John McFarden. Mustered out August 18, I860. 

Henry Maskeli. Sergeant; mustered out August 18, I860. 

Samuel S. Osborne. Killed. 

James M, Price. Discharged for disability March 21, 1865. 

James Parker. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George M. Price. Mustered out August 18, 1865, 

Bernard Riley. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Michael Roach. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Ellsworth M. Russell. Mustered out June 28, 1865. 

Edwin Rawson. Discharged for disability Feb. 17, 1865. 

3Iyron "W. Schultz. Clustered out August 18, 1865. 

Samuel Simpson. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Merritt "W. Sweet. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Charles Smith. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Schmidt. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Henry Strih. Discharged for disability June 13, 1865. 

Abner W. Scott. Killed. 

John Thomas. Died. 

Edward S. Tubbs. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

George Taylor. Transferred to the Navy. 

Selah T. Wheeler. Mustered out August 18, 1865. 

Peter Ward. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 


Charles Anderson. Nicholas Burk, 

James Anderson. John Bruce. 

John Anderson. David Bartly. 

Thomas Adams. Patrick Birmingham. 

William Asken. Vinson Clark. 

Thomas Crown. Thomas Crane. 

James Brannon. Robert Colman. 

Andrew Burns, Joseph Carr. 

James Brown. Joseph M. Cooper. 

James A. Brown. George Cashier. 

Joseph Barber. John Cole. 

John Bianey. William Culver. 



Jolm Dow. 
Alfred Dickenson. 
John Davis. 
Thomas Donahue. 
John Dukiu. 
James Devine. 
Jame.3 M. Eagan. 
John Flannigan. 
Ransom J. Fargo. 
Thomas Foley. 
Michael Farrell. 
James Flinn. 
Andrew Flannigan. 
James Graham. 
John Hargent. 
Frank Henry. 
Patrick Hyland. 
Patrick Hagan. 
George Holland. 
William E. Joy. 
James Jones. 
John Jones, 1st. 
John Jones, 2d. 
George Jones. 
John Kennedy. 
John King. 
Arthur Kemp. 
Patrick Kennedy. 
John Larkins. 
Robert Mullen. 
John McLaughlin. 
Thomas Mack. 
Charles Milton. 
Charles Marsh. 
John McShaahy. 
Terence O'Neil. 
George Pennington. 

William Potter. 
John Perston. 
Edson Patrick. 
William Ryan. 
Henry Roth. 
John Rork. 
John Robinson. 
William Rouke. 
James Roberts. 
James Robinson. 
Henry Smith. 
John Smith. 
James Smith, 1st. 
James Smith, 3d. 
John Shaahan. 
James Spellman. 
John Sweeney. 
Jacob Smith. 
William A. Taylor. 
John Turner. 
Charles Thomas. 
George Thompson. 
John G. Terrell. 
Horace A. Thompson. 
Peter Welch. 
Robert Willis. 
Georsre M. Washington, 
James Wilson, 1st. 
James Wilson, 3d. 
Joseph Welch. 
John AVilliams. 
George White. 
John Wilson. 
Charles E. Wold. 
James Winslow. 
James C. Williams. 
Julius Zimber. 




Captain Walter Burnliam furnishes the following state- 
ments and reminiscences. They Were not intended for 
publication in their present form, — nevertheless, I take that 
liberty; for which, if Captain Burnham does not forgive me,— = 
everybody else will '. 

New Preston, Conn., August 10, 1868* 

Friend Vaill : In accordance with your request, I will give 
you my recollections of Cold Harbor, beginning at the time 
when we, (the Third Battalion,) were ordered to lie down 
among the pines. 

Shortly after Colonel Upton left, a young Lieutenant came 
into our midst (from what direction I know not,) and shouted, 
'' iSTow's the time — PU lead you," and I on the impulse of the 
moment jumped up and shouted "forward," when about half of 
Co. "I," and a few men from H and C Cos. sprang forward 
and into t\i6 Johnnies' breastworks, — the thought that I was 
a little rash and fast in giving the order came too late — and 
as most of my men had obeyed the order, I could do no less 
than follow ; which I did and found it to be a safe place, com- 
pared with the knoll, although not as comfortable as it 
might have been under diflerent circumstances, there being 
some 12 or 14 inches of water in the ditch from which the 
Johnnies had taken the dirt to cover their breastworks, besides 
a great number of wounded men (Johnnies) just over the line 
of works, — some groaning, some crying for water, others call- 

^30 &s:cOND cojfNEcnccT 

ing upon some one to shoot them on the spot and end their 
misery ; 1 distinctly recollect one little fellow from a Georgia 
Regt, who was severely v:oiUKled, evidently while attempting 
to come in a prisoner, as he lay on the north side of the breast- 
work ; his crie-s w^ere terrible und heart rending during the 
entire night: ''Why did my parents drive me into this cruel 
W'ar ? why could not I have staid at home ? Oh ! father, 
mother, shall I ever see yon agnin ? water, water, water : will 
■some one shoot me? kill me quick, I cannot endure this," &c., 
&c., and e'v&ii under this call it was quite late in the night 
before this j'oung man was supplied with water, when lying 
perhaps not more than 20 ft. oif, and this to the rear of our line ; 
but so continuous was the firing no man dared to leave the 
protection he then had. By morning a great No. had died and 
we supposed a great many had been removed during the night, 
as we heard footsteps very distinctly during the entire night. 
KoAV under this excitement three-fourths of the men went to 
sleep and slept as soundly as would have been possible under 
far more favorable circumstances. I myself took my turn 
with two other men of my Co. to watch what we sujjposed to 
be a Johnny with musket in hand, just over the opposite side 
of the breastwork, whom we thought to be waiting or rather 
soliciting an opportunity to pick some of us ofi'; we watched 
him till daylight, and found him still sitting by the side of a 
tree holding his musket betw^een his knees, but dead ; was 
severely wounded and died during the night. Just at the left 
of this man we found a Lieut. Col. severely wounded but full 
of pluck and vim; wouldn't tell his name, where he was 
wounded, what Regt., what he wanted, and when taken back 
to the Hospital refused to take water fi-om the nurses ; don't 
know whether he lived or died. By the way, shortly after we 
had cone into the Johnnies' line of works the 10th Vermont 
came and re-formed directly in rear ot where we were and left 
the field ; this to me seemed a little strange, as it looked as 
though we were to vacate. Shortly after some one appeared 
from the swamp in front of us; we challenged him and found 
him to be from the 10th Vermont; he proved to be a Sergt., & 


tall strapping C-iboter, courageous, brave, full of pluck and 
dariiig. 1 felt quite satisfied to have him remain, as during 
the heavy firing occasionally some man would show a disposi- 
tion to make to the rear, when this fellow's musket would 
come to his shoulder, with the remark that he would blow the 
first mane's brains out who attempted to leave that ditch ; the 
result was, most of us staid until morning; about daylight we. 
missed the Sergt., and shortly after discovered him rifling the 
pockets of our own dead men ; he was arrested and sent to 
the Provo's, — he was a brave, courageous fellow, nevertheless. 
Vaill, do you recollect the 2d morning after the fight, during 
a season of shelling, the fact of your sitting at the foot of a 
chestnut tree and a solid shot or shell going through the body 
of the tree a few feet above your head ; also the shelling we 
received when we were marching down the ravine a little to 
the right and front of the line ; I always supposed I had a 
nanow escape; a shell exploded just at the right of the line as 
we were moving by the flank, killed I think a man from D 
Co. just at our rear; a piece of the same shell struck the top 
ear of my canteen, thereby entailing a loss of a canteen of 
water — which I had been at some trouble to obtain. — you 
know that water didn't come by pipe into the back kitchen 
in those days ; nevertheless I didn't feel like complaining. 

Sergeant Edward S. Roberts, of Company F, makes the fol- 
lowing statement concerning the battle of Cold Harbor : 

After we had crossed the cornfield and lodged in the pines, (the 
regiment being somewhat scattered,) Captain Jones had to take ccni- 
maud of the Third Battalion, Ells t)eing wounded. Soon after, Cap- 
tain Jones sent for Co. F to reinforce him, he liaving gained posses- 
sion of tlie picket hne on tlic right. Lieutenant Edwin S. Hnl^bard 
toolc the Company by ibe left tiank to the left and front, instead of 
to tlie right. We passed down into a little ravine — as we supposed 
among our own men, when we were challenged. " Halt ! who comes, 
there V" Lieutenant Hubbard replied, " Company F, Second Con- 
necticut." For a moment all was quiet except a buzz of voices along 


the line, and theu a flash and terrific volley "went over onr heads. 
The Company stood low, in or near a small brook, and thus escaped 
ntter destruction. We turned about, as it on a "wheel, and then made 
for the rear in the utmost haste. 

Corporal (afterward Quartermaster Sergeant) Benjumiu 
Wellman, of Company I, gives tbe lollowiug history of his 
experience at Coicl Harbor: 

I was wounded in the left cheek, the ball passing through under 
the left ear, while the Third Battalion "was advancing. This brought 
me down, and I was soon so weak that I could not get up. ^bout 
two hours afterward, while lying here, 1 was again struck in the back. 
Sometime in the night there were two Johnnies came up to me be- 
longing to a North Carolina regiment ; one of them gave me water, 
and the other said, " You will be taken care of soon ;" — meaning, 
probably, that I would be taken prisoner. Soon after this, there were 
about a hundred came along, marching in column ; some of them 
stepped on me. Some time afterward, a Colonel of a New York reg- 
iment came up and gave me a little " Commissary," which did me a 
great deal of good. He said we had taken five hundred prisoners, 
and told me to keep up good courage. In the morning I was taken 
to the field Hospital, and on the od was put into a government wagon, 
■with seven others, and curried to White House Lauding. I returued 
to the regiment on the 26th of December. 

Assistant Surgeon Judson B. xlndrews furnishes tbe follo"w- 
iug touching narrative : 

I need not recall to your mind the general incidents attending the 
battle of Cedar Creek — the early surprise, the haste of mustering in 
line, the rapid change of front, and the terrible fire to which our 
hoys were exposed behind that remnant of a stone wall, — all are in- 
eflacably stamped upon the memory of those who were witnesses. 
But one incident which perhajDs escaped your notice, 1 will mention. 
The next morning early I passed over the ground occupied by ns the 
Xireceding day — behind the wall were thirteen dead of our own regi- 
ment ; toward the right of the line at the spot held by Company G 


lay the bodies of Corporals Page and Reed. You remember them as 
praiseworthy for their neatness in person and dress, for their regular- 
ity and soldierly bearing. During the serriee they had been bosomi 
friends— side by side they entered the fight, and at the same instant 
received their death wounds. Together they fell, each in the other's 
embrace— their countenances wore the placid expression of a mutual 
friendship ; during the whole preceding day they had thus lain and 
no ruthless hand of a rebel foe had disturbed their repose ; their 
clothing, of which most of our dead were deprived, had not been 
removed — the shoes alone were gone — and the bright new uniforms, 
marked with the red chevrons of the artillery were fitting shrouds for 
their lifeless bodies. The burial party was already at work and soon 
they were covered in the same trench, while many a rough and war 
■worn veteron's face was washed with tears as he turned away from 
80 affecting a sight. 

During tlie early part of the day of the fight at Cedar Creek, 
Captain Marsh was struck by a spent ball on the heel of his 
boot, taking it completely ofl;; a few moments later a spent 
ball struck the inside of his coat sleeve, right arm, passing 
through the sleeve and lining under the arm and through the 
lining of the opposite side, dropping down between lining and 
sleeve to his wrist. A spent ball also passed through Captain 
Burnham's overcoat caj)e just between the shoulders. 

There were a great many slightly wounded who were never 
so reported, and who never were off duty on that account. 
Some of them were quite as seriously wounded as some who 
are named in Chapter XYI. In fact, almost every man who 
went through Cold Harbor, Winchester and Cedar Creek, was 
either grazed or bruised, or had his garments or equipments 
shot through. Those who saw Corporal Cooper, of Company 
K, on the morning after Cold Harbor, will never forget him ; 


he was nowhere wounded more than skin deep, but his clothes 
were riddled, and his person grazed, from crown to heels; one 
shot had gone across the top ot his head, through his cap, and 
shaved off the hair as with a razor. Corporal Lewis Bissell, of 
Company A, had a singular experience ; at Cold Harbor he 
was struck in the pit of the stomach by a spent ball, which 
knocked him down and knocked the breath out of him, but 
did no further damage. He was mustered in at Camp Dutton 
and was never sick, never on furlough, never missed any 
march, fight or skirmish, never detailed away from his Com- 
pany, never wounded, (except as above mentioned,) and never 
fell out on any march, until the regiment was mustered out. 
Probably not five other men, out of the more than two thou- 
sand, had a similar experience. 

The skill with which some scoundrels can assume the ap- 
pearance of sickness and helplessness, deceiving even surgeons 
into the belief that they are at the point of death is well illus- 
trated by a Cold Harbor incident. Some time before the 
charge, two men were carried to the rear, on stretchers, 
apparently in such a state of exhaustion that they could not 
stand, nor turn their heads, nor lift an arm ; they were carried 
by some of the musicians, — whose duty it was to perform such 
work when fighting was going on — and placed in a ravine, 
about a mile to the rear ; they had but just arrived there when 
a rebel shell burst near the spot, taking off the foot of a drum- 
mer boy of Company E, named Frederick D. Painter ; the two 
exhausted ones, who had required four strong men to move 
them, suddenly found that they had an abundance of strength 
for emergencies, and moved from the ravine with almost as 
great velocity as that with which the shell came. 


Frederick D. Painter was the assumed name of one of eight 
or ten boys, not more than thirteen or fifteen years of age, 
who had enlisted and come to the regiment with the rest of 
the recruits, as drummer boys. He was the son of a clergy- 
man living in New York state, who at length learned of his 
enlistment in our regiment, and wrote a letter of inquiry to 
Assistant Surgeon Andrews, but not until after the boy had 
been killed by the shell at Cold Harbor. 

Some of the other boys were Clarence Smith, of A, Daniel 
T. Phillips, of B, " Little Dick Butler " and Wallace Ostrum, 
of C, and Charles Spreyer of F. 

James Van Buren, a drummer of G, and one of the original 
Nineteenth, was fatally wounded by a shell at Winchester, 
under much the same circumstances as Painter at Cold Har- 

As the surviving soldier of the regiment marshals the 
scenes of the past, and bids them Pass in Review over the 
field of his memory, he is sure to observe one personage who 
towers like Saul the son of Kish above his fellows, and who 
moves amid the ghostly throng with ineffable majesty. That 
proud form was not seen in the battle of Winchester. That 
bold rider did not lead the charge at Fisher's Hill. That sol- 
dier knew nothing of the loss and recovery of the day at Cedar 
Creek. He heard not the shout when the regiment broke the 
enemy's lines at Petersburg. The sods of a new year had 
begun to be green above his grave when Lee surrendered 
unconditionally, and the whole fabric of rebellion tumbled in 
ruin. And yet there is not a scene, a day, nor a memory, 


from Camp Button to Grapevine Point, that can be wliolly 
divested of Kellogg. Like the ancient eastern King, who 
suddenly died on the eve of an engagement, and whose re- 
mains were bolstered up in warlike attitude in his chariot, 
and followed by his enthusiastic soldiers to battle and to vic- 
tory, — so this mighty leader, although falling in the tery first 
onset, yet went on through every succeeding march and fight, 
and won posthumous victories for the regiment which may be 
said to have been born out oi his loins. Battalion and Com- 
pany, officer and private, arms and quarters, camp and drill, 
command and obedience, honor and duty, esprit and excel- 
lence, every moral and material belonging of the regiment, 
bore the impress of his genius. 

He was indeed the glass 
Wherein the noble youth did dress themselves. 
O miracle of men ! In siDeech, in gait, 
In military rules, humors of blood, 
He was the mark and glass, copy and book, 
That fashioned others. 

In the eyes of civilians. Colonel Kellogg was nothing but 
a horrid, strutting, shaggy monster. But request any one of 
the survivors of the Nineteenth Infantry or the Second Artil- 
lery to name the most perfect soldier he ever saw, and this 
will surely be the man. Or ask him to conjure up the ideal 
soldier of his imagination ; still the same figure, complete in 
feature, gesture, gauntlet, saber, boot, spur, observant eye and 
commanding voice, will stalk with majestic port upon the 
mental vision. He seemed the superior of all superiors, and 
major generals shrunk into pigmy corporals in comparison 
with him. In every faculty of body, mind, heart and soul, ho 
was built after a large pattern. His virtues were large, and his 
vices were not small. As Lincoln said of Seward, he could 


swea-r magnificently. His nature -was versatile and full of 
contradictions; sometmic-s exhibiting the tenderest sensibili- 
ties, and sometimes none at all. Now he would be in the 
liospital tent, bending with streaming eyes over the victims of 
fever, and kissing the dying Corporal Weljster, — and an hour 
later would find him down at the guard house, prying open 
the jaws of a refractory soldier with a bayonet, in order to 
insert a gag; or in anger drilling a battalion, for the fault of 
a single man, to the last point of euduriince ; or shamefully 
abusing the most honorable and faithful officers in the regi- 

la rajje deaf as the sea, hasty as fire. 

But notwithstanding his faults, notwithstanding his frequent 
ill treatment of ofiicers and soldiers, he had a hold upon their 
affections such as no other commander ever had, or could 
have. The men who were cursing hitu one day for th-e almost 
intolerable rigors of his discipline, would in twenty-foui' holirs 
be throwing up their caps for him, or subscribing to buy liiin 
a new horse, or petitioning the Governor not to let him be 
jumped. The man who sat on a sharp-backed wooden horse 
in front of the guard house, would sometimes watch the mo- 
tions of the Colonel on drill or parade, until he forgot the pain 
and disgrace of his punishment in admiration of the man who 
inflicted it. 

But his commanding skill, and his power over men, availed 
nothing at Cold Harbor.. His voice could not silence rebel 
guns, and an ounce of lead laid him low as quickly as tliough. 
lie had been an irnpotent drummer boy. At dawn of the next 
day his body, majestic even in death, was placed upon a 
rubber blanket and borne with labor from the field ; and as it 

33^ §Ei<:?6:N£) CONNECTICUT 

passed along, ttie' m^ii looked down with wonder upon the? 
lifeless clay, halt questioning -f^lthin themselves whether the 
old lion would not rouse himself and scatter all his and his 
country's foes. 

The following is an extract from a sketch of Colonel Kel-' 
logg written by Captain Thomas S. Gilbert; formerly of the' 
First Connecticut Volunteer Artillery, and afterward Com-- 
mander of the Third Independent BaUe?y^---and published iii 
the "Connecticut War Record '"' for Sq>tembcr^ 1864 J 

By some mischance, a Young American sailor sbipped on board an 
English merchantman. Early in life he had learned the story of his 
country's flag— how Washington and his compatriots bore it tlirough 
battle fields to victories; how Hull, Perry, and other Naval heroes, 
had nailed it to the mast, and compelled the - red cross of Si. George" 
to yield to the new-born "ruler of the waves." To him it was the 
emblem of victory over wroBg-the flag of the free-given to the 
breeze, when tyranny threatened "the sacred rights of man." 

Whoever dared, by word or deed, insult "the flag of stars," failed 
not to excite the anger of this young sailor. On - British Oak," or 
British soil, ignorant prejudice, or persistent malice, could not, if he 
>Yere present, sneer at the grand old flag and go unrebuked. For 
.trikin..- iu defence of the flag, he was finally thrust in prison, on a 
forei-irshore. The monarch of the realm was not prouder of crown 
or sceptre, than this young hero of his chains. 'Twas easy for his 
iUncv to connect these links with other chains, which had rusted in 
the flesh of historic men. When released, the rest of his life on the 
sea, he sailed under the flag he loved. This young sailor, Elisha 
Strono- Kellogg, was born in the town of Glastenbury, Connecticut 
A D 'lS24 A^bovish love of adventure led him to choose the life ol 
a sador. For many years he was buffeted by waves, and disciplined 
bv hardship, until, like the sou of Neptune, he grew in stature roau^t 
and vigorous-in mind honest, sincere, and kind; with :. certam 
brusoue roughness which (as barnacles cling to the noblest vessel > 
pertains to the hardy sailor. His sailor life terminated when the eal-. 
ifornia excitement began-thither with the many adventurous spmt., 
he went in search of fortune, with indiff-erent success. AVith maturi- 
ty and much experience, came a desire for repose, and domes ic em 
o;ment. la the vicinity of his native, village he settled: down to one 

©©LD?]1L 1L]^>]A S. XILLD^^. 


of the mccliauical pursuits of busy New England iudastiy. Aptitude 
for mechanic art soon made him skillful. He was a cheerful worker 
at all times. He married the lady he loved, and whose affection he 
prized more than any eartlily thing. Upon a hill, in the toAvu of 
AVinsted, resides the stricken widow, with little Eddie, their oaly 
child. lu the valley below, there is a mound of earth covering all 
that was mortal of a lored husband, and affectionatg fiuther. 

He was a most unsclSsh man : the .«;tory of his life is replete with 
tender charities and kindly ministrations. On battle fields and m 
hospitals, the dew of his soul fell on the crushed tlov^-ers of humanity, 
to bless and succor. The stern warrior who could tread with unfal- 
tering steps, and unblanched cheek, along the fiery front of battle, 
could also- bead with tearful sympathy over the victims. 

One of bis staff, writing of tlie action at Cold Harbor, 

says : 

He was fully impressed with a sense of what was before us — 
marked out on the ground the shape of the works to be taken— tokl 
the officers what disposition to make of the different battalions ; how 
the charge would be made— spoke of our reputation as "a band-box 
regiment." "Now we were called on to show what m'c could do at 
fighting; he felt confident we would m this, our first fight, establish, 
and ever afterward maintain, a glorious reputation as a fighting 

"We were soon ordered' to the eiiarg-e. Colonel Kellogg led us iu- 
bravelj'^coolly, and steadily — taking the first line of works ueau 
which he was wounded ; he pushed steadily on to the second line — 
charged, and took them Avith more than two hundred prisoners — 
mounting these works he ordered the "boys" on alter the fleeing 

Another otRcer of his staff writes : 

I went to the left of the Battalion, and on the way passed Colonel 
Kellogg ; HIS FACE WAS COVERED WITH BLOOD, from a wound in the 
cheek ; he was cheering ou' the men. On reaching the main works 
which were protected by a mass of felled trees and limbs i)ilcd up in 
front, our boys could not get over them, and there tbey halted, firing- 
over the obstructions. The galling fire of the enemy at last forced 
our line to give way. I went over where the centre had rested, and 
there my Avorst fears were realized— ou the top ol the abattis the GoL- 


oncl lay dead ; and near him a score of our brave boj^s had fallen ; he 
was shot through the head just above the ear — two shots near togeth- 
er — he was also shot in the arm, and face. 

General Upton says : 

The conduct of Colonel Kellogg, during the entire day, June 1st, 

was under my immediate observation ; particularly during the battle. 

A brave and patriotic officer has fallen in the defence of his country ; 
he has done much for the honor and rcxjutation of his native State. 

Colonc4 Ranald S. Mackenzie was a nephew of the noted 
rebel, Jolm Slidell. His father was a Captain in the U. ^« 
Navy, and was the one who hung Jolm C. Spencer at the 
yard-arm for mutiny, twenty-five or thirty years at>o. The 
circumstances under which Colonel Mackenzie became con- 
nected Avitli the Second Connecticut are related in Chapter 
YI. He had chosen the trade of war before the rebellion 
commenced, and it soon became evident that he had a re- 
markable taste and aptitude for tlie business. He arrived and 
assumed command while we lay at Cold Harbor, — where.three 
hundred of the regiment, including the mighty Kellogg, had 
just gone down in fight, — and where the survivors were lying 
so supine and stupid that they could hardly be called sur- 
vivors. Marching and fighting had thumped and banged 
jiearl^' every trace of vitality out of them, — and the new Col- 
onel beheld a set of commissioned and non-commissioned 
l.K'ings who seemed to have the languid sense and motion of 
the Pre Adamitic animals. If the officers had been chained 
by the heels to a wagon and snaked all the way from Belle 
Plain, they could hardly have presented a more draggled, 
tattered, unwashed, unshaven, unkempt, unofficer-like appear- 


ance ; ancl the men looked no worse than the officers, simply 
because it was impossible. Being himself in no such ex- 
hausted condition, Colonel Mackenzie found not the slightest 
difficulty in becoming master of the situation. His military 
experience, and his thorough competenc}" in all icspects, 
would have enabled him, under any circumstances, to com- 
mand the respect of subordinate officers, — but tlie condition 
ol things just at that time made it a peculiarly easy task. 
For some days he did not tighten the screws of his discipline, 
but contented himself with observing his command, and find- 
ing out what kind of stuff it was made of. But it was not 
long beiore the regiment began to grieve anew over the loss of 
Kellogg. That commander had chastised us with whips, but 
this one dealt in scorpions. By the time we reached the 
Shenandoah Valley, he had so far developed as to be a far 
greater terror, to both officers and men, than Early's grape 
and canister. As though the forced marches ot that campaign 
could not kill off the men fast enough, he always supplemented 
them with a "rail march" of an hoxn or two after halting, in 
which the most honorable of our Litchfield County soldiers — • 
men who enlisted from the most unmixed and exalted patriot- 
ism, and who never failed to keep uj), and to do their whole 
duty, except by reason of absolute physical inability — were 
compelled to participate ; while the real shirks generally 
escaped him by keeping out of sight, and not coming up at 
all. He was a Perpetual Punisher, — and tlie Second Con- 
necticut, while under him, was always a punished regiment. 
There is a regimental tradition to the effect that a well defined 
purpose existed among the men, prior to the battle of Win- 
chester, to dispose of this commanding scourge during the 
first fight that occurred. If he had known it, it would only 


have excited his contempt, for he cared not a copper for the 
good will of any except his military superiors, and certainly 
feared no man of woman born, on either side of the lines. 
But the jjurpose, if any existed, quailed and failed before his 
audacious i^luck on that Ijloody day. He seemed to court 
destruction all day long. With his hat aloft on the point of 
his saber, he galltjped over forty-acre fields, through a perfect 
hailstorm of rebel lead and iron, with as much impunity as 
though he had been a ghost. The men hated him with the 
hate of hell, — but they could not draw bead on so brave a 
man as that. Thenceforth they firmly believed that he bore 
a charmed life. 

Colonel Kellogg used to say that he expected to be killed 
in the first fight into wdiich he went wdth this regiment ; — and 
so he was. Colonel Mackenzie used to declare that he ex- 
pected to be wounded, but that he was not going to be killed. 
And these expectations were also strangely realized. His fin- 
gers were shot off at Petersburg, while his hand was stretched 
out in the act ol giving an order, — but he was in command 
again in twenty days. At Winchester his leg was skinned 
by a shell that cut his horse asunder, — ^^but, tying a hand- 
kerchief around it, and remarking with grim jocoseness that 
this was "dismounting without numbers,"* he went on with 
the regiment, through the battle of Fisher's Hill and the chase 
up the Valley, never for a moment relinquishing command 
imtil the battle of Cedar Creek, on which day another horse 
was killed under him, and two wounds, — one received during 
Early's early morning call, and the other during Sheridan's 
retm-n call in the alternoon —at length cleared him out. That 
was the last of his immediate command of the regiment. He 

A Cavalry phrasQ. 


returned; however, in less than a month, and took command 
of tiie brigade, which he retained until appointed to a Cavalry 
command in the Spring of 1805. 

Ko enlisted man ever saw him laugh or smile, except in a 
light, — but there he always wore a broad grin, and seemed 
running over with delight. In fact, he was apparently very 
uneasy and very unhappy when not in a light, and consequently 
very uncomfortable to those around him. The fact that he had 
human susceptibilities, however, once cropped out through 
a little camp incident, which it is worth while to relate. One 
night while we lay at Cedar Creek, an orderly was directed to 
tell the Sergeant of the Guard to report at Head- quarters 
immediately. It was Sergeant Henry P. JMilford, of Company 
G, — a man apparently old enough to be exempt from military 
duty. The Colonel began to storm and tear about something 
or other, threatening to reduce him to the ranks, and at last 
instituting a series of questions which evoked the information 
that the Sergeant had formerly served in the Navy, on board 
a man-of-war under Captain Mackenzie, the deceased father 
of the Colonel. This intelligence at once disarmed Mackenzie 
of his ferocity, and his tone became decent, respectful, consid- 
erate. " Captain Gold," said he, shortly afterward, — " that 
man served under my father. I guess I won't reduce him. 
We'll let him keep his sergeant's berth for the good he has 

Since the war. General Mackenzie has been on duty in Texas 
and at the West. If we are to have another war, it is gratify- 
ing to think tliat he will probably have a command not smaller 
than an army corps. His consummate ability would achieve 
success in such a position, if there were any success to be 
achieved ; while his removal from the immediate command of 


individual soldiers would be to the advantae'e of tlie service. 
It would be somewhat impracticable to put rails on a whole 
army corps. 

Captain Oren H. Knight was wounded in the head when 
out on the skirmish line before Petersl^urg, June 22, 1864, and 
di^ed of Traumatic Erysipelas, in Transit Hospital, New York, 
July 5, 1804. His commission as Captain bears the date of 
his wound, and he never knew of his promotion. 

B-elieving his wound to be slight, he sacrificed his life to the 
care of Lieutenant Hempstead and Private John Lawrence, 
who were wounded at the same time. His sleeplessness, 
M'hich he thought made it practicable for him to take the care 
of his friends, was the result of his injury. 

The most unpromising officer that left Camp Button with 
the old Nineteenth was First Lieutenant Augustus H. Fehn. 
He was but eighteen years old, of freckled face and awkward 
gait, and was regarded with surly contempt by windy and 
consequential brother officers. Every private soldier, too, had 
his fling at him. It was considered very impudent in him to 
be an ofiicer, at all ; but he had recruited his forty men, and 
there he was, with a commission in his pocket from Governor 
Buckingham. There was no getting away from him, and he 
was assigned to Company K, which was a kind of regimental 
Botany Bay. (That Company had been formed by trans- 
fer of what the Captains of the other nine Companies con- 
sidered their refuse ; — but it was, nevertheless, one of the 
best, most faithful, true^ Companies that ever went into 
the service.} 


But three years of fighting blew away a good deal of showy 
incompetency, and revealed true merit, wherever it existed. 
Lieutenant Fenn grew in the estimation of his fellow officers 
and of all who knew him, until there was no tongue that dared 
to wag against him. He proved himself one of the best drill 
masters and disciplinarians in the regiment, and one of the mott 
competent officers in every position. Beloie going to the front 
he WAS made Captain of Company C. On the 22d of June 
he led his Company into the skirmish at Petersburg as far as 
it advanced, and was then and there detailed A. A. A. General 
on Upton's stafl', vice Captain Sanborn, of the Fifth Maine; 
and mountinET a horse which had been brousrht to him. com- 
menced his duties at once. "VMien the regiment left the Sixth 
Corps at Tenallytown in July he was relieved. In September 
he was appointed Judge Advocate of the Division Court ]Mar- 
tial, which tried twenty-five cases. At Cedar Creek he lost 
his left arm. The Surgeons at Annapolis proposed to muster 
him out and discharge him for disability, — but he protested, 
and wrote to General Mackenzie, urging his interference. The 
consequence was that he was retained, and in less than seien 
weel's from the time he had an arm taken off at the shoulder, 
he reported for full duty at the front, and was at once detailed 
as A, A. A. General of the brigade again ; which detail was 
afterward change<i to Brigade Inspector. He subsequently 
participated in several fights. He was detailed as Judge Ad- 
vocate five different times ; was brevetted Major after Cedar 
Creek; promoted to Major in January, 1865; brevetted Lieu- 
tenant Colonel for Little Sailor's Creek : and Colonel for "ser- 
vices during the war." He is now practicing law in Water- 
bury, Connecticut. Truly, in his case, the last became one of 
the first. 


Lieutenant Jolm M. Gregory, who lost bis right arm at 
Oedar Creek, (and who, by the way, like Fenn, gained more 
"and more respect as long as he remained in the service,) is 
now residing at Ellsworth, Connecticut. He has learned to 
be a very superior left-handed penman. 

Captain Buniham was wounded in the after part of the day 
^at Cedar Creek, about six o'clock, (just as the Johnnies' lines 
were broken) by a cast-iron ball from a spherical case shot, 
which exploded just in front, — in the right hip. He also 
received a slight wouud. at the saiiie time in the left leg just 
^ibove the ankle, l>\ a piece of shell, and his clothes were rent 
in different places by the same explosion. Mackenzie 
wounded at nearly the same time and place; and it was just 
•about this time whe^i our regiment had become separated 
■from the troops on our right, (including the Thirteenth Con- 
uecticat,) that CajJtain E. F. Gold, who, cool and. calm, was 
walking directly down this va-cancy, hat off, sword in hand, 
seeing Colonel Blinn, of the Thirteenth, apj>3"<?ached him, and 
with that wave of the hand jjeculiar to the Captain, ''wished 
to suggest the propriety of having this vacancy closed.*' Col- 
ouel Blinn coolly remarked that he would be happy to close 
it if he had the men. 

beeavy artillery 


btati?;t1cs. memoranda, incidents, anecdotes, observa- 
tions, &c., &c. 

Tabular Classification of the total number of Deaths that 
occurred from muster-in until muster-out : 

t< -A 

O P 

p ^ 






Field aud Statf. | 3 | 



Company A, j 18 | 13 

1 i ^ 

1 11 

1 44 

Company B, | 20 ] 11 

2 1 1 



Company C, | 11 j 5 



Company D, | 16 | 14 

2 1 3 



Company E, j 19 | 10 

12 1 3 



Company F, | 7 | 4 

1 1 2 



Company G, | 7 | 9 

^ 1 



Com|>any H, J (> | 4 

1 J 2 



Company 1, | 8 j 9 

1 1 2 



Company K, j 14 | 13 

1 1 3 



Company L, | 2 j 5 

j 3 



Company M, | 3 | 3 

2 1 1 3 1 11 

i 134 i 100 1 24 \ 21 1 lo2 j 431 

Nirmerical list of the Surviving woundecl. 

[Note. The object of these figures is to present a comparative 
exhibit of the casualties sustained by each Company. Therefore all 
who recovered from wounds received in any battle are reckoned in, 
although they may have died of -wounds received in subsequent 


battles, or may have died since the close of the "svar. The same 
remark will ajjply to Chapter XVI.] 

Field and Staff, 7 ; Company A, 41 ; B, 41 ; C, 36 ; D, 58; 
E, 38 ; F, 38 ; G, 30 ; H, 43 ; I, 55 ; K, 31 ; L, 25 ; M, 27. 
Total, 470. 

Table showing tlie number aud kind of Casualties in each 
Battle and Skirmish : 

O z 


M O 

Li J 



?: > 




- s 

































On Picket at the North Anna, 
May 24, 1864, ... - 

On Picket on the Tolopotomy, 
May 30, 1864, - .. - . 

Cold Harbor, June 1, 1864, - 

Cold Harbor, from June 2 to 
June 12, 1864, inclusive, 

Petersburg, June 20, 1864, - 
Petersburg, June 21, 1864, - 
Petersburg, June 22, 1864, 
Petersburg, June 26, 1864, . 
Winchester, Sept. 19, 1864, - 
Fisher's Hill, Sept. 22, 1864, 
Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864, - 
Hatcher's Run, Feb. 6, 1865, 
Fort Fisher, March 25, 1865. 
Petersburg, Capture of the 
City, April 2, 1865, - -- 

Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1S65, 

Spottsylvania aud vicinity, -^ 2 

Snicker's Gap and vicinity, - 1 

334 470 24 23 


Tlie number of Recruits received by each Company, after 
the regiment left the State, and before it joined the Army of 
the Potomac, (in May, 1864,) was as follows : 

Company A, 81 ; B, 95 ; C, 90 ; D, 84 ; E, 89 ; F, 7-7 , G, 
82; H,84; 1,94; K, 103; L, 194 ; M, 160. Total, 1385. 

The following officers and men were on picket at Cedar 
Creek on the morning of the 19th of October, and were taken, 
prisoners. The rebel authorities soon after this time began to 
treat their captives more humanely, and these men were toler- 
ably well treated. Most of them returned to the regiment 
about the time of Lee's surrender. 

First Lieutenant — Henry Skinner. 

Company E. — Williaiia H. Fitzgerald, C. Griffin, John Leon- 
ard, Michael Welch, A. B. Young. 

Company L. — Sergeant Andrew McGraw, Sergeant "William 
Dostman, Corporal Charles Grout, Corporal William Morton, 
James Busscl, James Bishop, Caivin A. Bowers, William 
Burke, John Calnan, Edward M. Dunham, John Dostman, 
Anth^my Dougherty, Peter Dolan, Charles Davenport, Clark 
Fox, Thomas Farrell, Patrick Farreil, Jahleel B. Hill, James 
Hughes, Chailes W. Hale, Benjamin Hawkins, Henry Hc- 
Oinety, Edward H. Northrop, Dominick O'Brien, George 
Perkins, Elisha Peck, William Parry. William Ragan, Thomas 
Taylor, Morris W. White, Horace B. Wood, Peter Weltrot. 

Lieutenant Kirkhaui was also captured that morning. He 
returned in May, 1865 ; and was thenceforth on staff duty at 
General Hamblin's Head-quarters. 

Besides these, there were many taken prisoners from various 
Companies, in various engagements and marches. Some of 
them were exchanged and returned to duty with the regi- 


ment, and some reiiched various hospitals and were thence 
discharged Irom the service. It is utterly impossible to obtain 
a complete list of them from the muster rolls in the Adjutant 
General's office, or any where else. Among them, however, 
were the following: 

Charles Merriman, Company A, captured in the Valley, but 
released after a few weeks. 

Daniel 0. Page, Company B, captured at Cold Harbor, and 

John Smith and John H. Call, Comj)any K, captured near 
Cold Harbor. Call returned to duty in May, and Smith in 
June, 1865. 

Franklin S. Graves, Company B, was captured at Cedar 
Creek, and after great sufibrings in diflferent rebel prisons, was 
exchanged and reached the regiment shortly after Lee's sur- 
render. During the review of the Sixtli Corps in Washington, 
he fell from the ranks by sun-stroke, and was carried to the 
hospital for dead. He recovered, however, and it seems that 
his hardships in war did not deter him from going to the very 
far West, where he has recently had, among the- Indians, an 
additional rough experience. 

Sergeant Minor A. Strong and Corporal Horace N. Sanford, 
both of Company H, were captured at Cedar Creek, and held 
a short time. 

William F. Lane was taken at Spottsylvania, with Herbert 
K. Reed and Moses L, Wiggles worth, all of Com23any H, and 
confined at Andersonville. (The two last named died there, 
as reported in Dorence At water's list.) Lane was exchanged. 

Hiram Murphy and Harry Payne, Company H, were taken 
at Cedar Creek, and confined at Libby Prison and Aaderson- 


Patrick O'Connor, John II. Hayes, Patrick Murpliy, George 
Moore, Philip Myers, and Patrick Shaff,— all of Company 
C, — were captured at various times. 

The following are among those who have died since the 
close of the war : 

Regimental Commissary Sergeant Prosper W. Smith. 

Sergeant Ferris Pond, Company A, of disease contracted in 
the service. 

Avery M. Allen, Company C, of disease contracted in the 

Com-pany A. — Henry G. Gibbs, Thomas Herbert. 

Company B. — George W. Manslield. 

Company C. — John Quinn. 

Company D. — Charles L. Bryan, Nathan H. Geer, Timothy 

Company G.— Thomas Sherman, John Hawver, Hubert D. 

Company H. — George H. Potter. 

Company L — Joseph 3Iiller. 

Many enlisted men of the old Nineteenth Connecticut Vol- 
unteers, before the change to Artillery, received commissions 
in the U. S. Colored Troops. Among them were Romulus C. 
Loveridge, Company- H ; Edward Coe, Company A ; Carlton 
Seymour and Norman M. Rust, Company F ; Lyman S. Cat- 
lin, Company A; and James M. Bradley, Comj^any I. 

The following is a list of the Ordnance and Ordnance Stores 
tiirned over bj Lieutenant Philip E. Chapin, of Company L, 


to Lieutenant Henry Skinner, on the 29tli of July, 1864. It 

was the Armament of Company L ; and the list is given her© 

merely to show what a Company Commander was required to 

receipt for in those days. 

74 Enfield rifled mnskets, calibre .577, 73 bayonet scabbards, 74 cap 
pouches and cone picks, 74 cai^tridge boxes, 28 cartridge box plate*, 
73 cartridge belts, 73 cartridge box belt plates, 61 gun slings, 43 wai&t 
belts, 13 waist belt plates* 

The following is a list of '' Clothing, Camp and Garrison 
Equipage on hand and to be accounted for by Lieutenant 
Philip E. Chapin, Commanding Company L, on the 31st of 
July, 1864." 

50 cap letters, 50 cross cannon, 10 forage c-aps, 50 numbers, 31 
trowsers, 34 blouses, 98 flannel shirts, 38 pairs drawers, 81 pairs 
bootees, 116 pairs stockings, 17 rubber blankets, 2 woolen blankets, 
61 knapsacks, 90 haversacks, 78 canteens and straps, 35^ shelter tents^ 
1 Clothing Account Book, 1 Descriptive Book, 1 Order Book. 

In the table on page 13, the name of Frederick M. Berry 
should. have been inserted as one of the recruiting officers of 
Company H. 

Captain Michael Kelly received an injury during the charge 
on the rebel lines, April 2» 1865, which has since resulted in 

It is related in Chapter V how the regiment was paid off at 
Belle Plain, while en route for the front. During the two suc- 
ceeding days the men sent home, to their relatives and friends, 
through Chaplain PheljDS and the Christian Commission, over 
seventeen thousand dollars ; — while an unknown sum was also 
sent directly by the men. 



The following copies of statements made to the Ordnance 
Department, concerning property that could not otherwise 
be accounted for, contain so much regimental history that I 
deem them worthy 'a place in this chapter: 

I certify on honor that at various times during October and 
November, 1864, I issued to all the twelve Companies of the 
Second Connecticut Heavy Aitillery certain Ordnance and 
Ordnance Stores for which, (except in the case of three Com- 
panies.) 1 have never had receipts, and which I have been 
unable to invoice to any responsible officer or officers, for the 
following reasons : the Regiment, (with Sheridan's Army in 
the Shenandoah Valley,) was, during the time these issues 
were made, constantly marching or fighting. The casualties 
were so heavy that during part of this time there were but six 
officers present with twelve Companies. There have been 
changes in the command of every one of those Companies 
since that time, and most of them permanent changes. For 
these reasons, I could not invoice the property to the respon- 
sible Commandants of Companies, nor obtain their receipts. 
But I made memoranda of the issues and deposited them in 
my Field Desk. On the 1st of December, 18G4, this Desk was 
turned over to the Q. M. Department for transportation from 
Winchester. Va., to City Point, Va., and was lost in transitit, — 
and has never been found. Of the officers who should have 
receipted to me for this property one was killed, six were 
wounded, and two captured, — and in consequence of the loss 
of the above-mentioned memoiauda, it is impossible tor me or 
any one to tell what Companies had the articles, or how much 
each Company had. 

The following is a list of the articles issued as above stated : 
10 Springfield rifled muskets, 1 Eufteld rifled musket, 28 bayonet 


se-abbards, 31 cap pouches, 18 cartridge boxes, 88 cartridge box 
plates, 30 cartridge box belts, 128 cartridge box belt plates, 21 guu 
slings, 31 waist belt plates, 21 ba^'onets, 6 ball screws, 54 screw- 
drivers aud cone wrenches, 5 sprrrrg vises, 14 tiiniblei' punches, 47 
tompions, 54 wipers, 3 cartridge box magazines, 203G elong. ball 
eartridgi's, 52 cones, 12 main frprings, 3 tang screws, 12 sear springs, 
9 tumbler sci'ews, 

Theo. F. Vailt., 

1st Lieut, and Adjt., and (from Oct. 12, 1864, until 

January 12, 18'o5,) Acting Qrdnnnce Officer, 

2nd Conn. Ily. Artv, 

Sworn and subscribed before me, at Fort Baker, Va., tins- 

*Mth day of June, 1805. 

James Deajste^ 

Capt. 2d C. V. A., and A. A. I. G. 

I certify that during the Fourth Quarter of 1864, in obe- 
dience to verbal orders from my Regimental Commander, I 
issued to the Companies and Picket lines o-f my Regimeutj. 
Ammunition Boxes, as follows : 

Oct. 14th, 1864, three boxes; Oct. 10th, 1864, six boxes; 

Oct. 2ikl, 1804, one box; during Dec, 1864, nine Ijoxes ; and 

that these boxes, being delivered to the men in the presence 

of the enen^y, could net be preservetl and returned, but were- 

smashed open by throwing them on the ground, or were 

opened with hatchets, and thus destroyed without i?M\t on my 


T. F. Vaill, 

1st Lieut, and AdJt,, and (from Oct. 12, 1864, until 

January 12, 1865,) Actmg Ordnance Officer, 

2nd Conn. Hy. Arty. 

Hdqrs. 2nd C. V. A.. Fort Baker, D. C, June 24, 1865. 

"Since the war, Sergeant Thayer, of Company E, found a 
convict at Sing Sing who was formerly a recruit of Company 

IIEAVY AllTlLLEIlf. 345 

K. lie obtaiued a fnrlougli just before they were shut oft in 
March, 1865, on pretence of sickness m his family, — and before 
his furlough expired found himself in Sing Sing for a term of 
years. He was not one of the Camp Dutton men. 

In the Spring of 18G8, the author hailed a man in Worth 
street, New York, thus: "Are you not John Schmidt, of 
Company M, Second Connecticut ?" " Yes,"' was the reply, 
'• but my name is not Schmidt ;" — whereupon he presented 
his card, which read thus: "Albert Bornowski, dealer in rags, 
80 Elm street, New York." He once deserted from his Com- 
pany, was arrested, confined in the bomb proof at Fort Wil- 
liams for four weeks, was released and went to the front with 
tlie regiment, and remained all through. He justified his 
desertion on the ground that he desired and was entitled to 
be transferred to the Navy, in accordance with an order of the 
War Department, and that his application for transfer was 

That Navy business made a great deal of trouble^ 

Once when Com2)anies E, H and I composed the garrison of 
Fort Hooker, {alias Redoubt D,) Captain Williams, that severe 
disciplinarian, having the good order and quiet of camp at 
heart, looked out of his quarters jnst after taps, to see if his 
subordinates. Lieutenants Bnruham and Birge, were walking 
the streets, (which they were required to do to enforce order.) 
Apparently well satisfied, he drew in his head and betook 
himself to repose. Not long afterward, a small poodle, (the 
property of Aunt Leech, the washer-woman,) came somewhat 
abruptly through the ventilator over the Captain's tent door, 


and plump upon the horizontal form of the temporary Post 
Commander. - Git out ! git out !" - Tow, wow, wow, wow /" 
- Git OUT !" - Tom wow !" The mingled cries of the Captain 
and poodle roused the whole camp, and a thorough investi- 
gation was instituted. No clue to the guilty perpetrators was 
ever found, however, and to this day no man knoweth *' who 
frew dat dog." 

It will not do to forget Captain Sperry's speech to his Com- 
pany about the time of his discharge. It was Ms farewell 
The - nub " was in the closing up, which ran something thus • 
" We none of us know what is in store for us ; the probabili- 
ties are that we shall never all meet in this world again But 
when the great Arch Angel Gabriel's trump shall sound, and 
when his Adjutant shall report, may Company I, of the Second 
Connecticut Heavy Artillery be reported ^^ present or accounted 

Some time during the Fall of 18G3, just after the regiment 
had been changed to Artillery, and Companies L and M had 
been formed, Company M was assigned to Fort Williams, 
Major Ells, commanding; (that is, not exactly assigned to the' 
Fort, except as its Bomb Proof was needed to confine its 
runaways, deserters, bounty jumpers, &c.,) but quartered in 
one of the just completed Barracks, wliere they were kept 
under a strong guard for some time ; no man being allowed 
his liberty, under any pretence whatever. This was the con- 
dition of things when Captain E. W. Marsh, who had been 
absent in Connecticut on a very successful recruiting service, 
»nd had in the mean time been promoted from Second Lieu-' 


tenant, and commissioned as Captain, and assigned to M 
Company, returned. This state of things, of course did not 
please Captain Marsh, who immediately made application at 
Head-Quarters to have the guard removed ; whicli request 
was finally complied with, the idea having been forcibly im- 
pressed upon Captain Marsh's mind that he would be directly 
responsible for every man. "With this understanding the Cap- 
tain, when his Company was marched out of the Barracks for 
undress parade, took occasion to make a few remarks suited 
to their comprehension, saying that he expected to find in M 
Company a band of patriots, who had the love of tlieir coun- 
try at heart, and acting upon this principle, had come to 
shoulder their muskets in defence of the right ; he believed 
that truth, justice and liberty would prevail, and he had seen 
nothing yet to change his mind. He trusted that all would 
come forward and do their duty; the guard would now be 
removed, and he trusted that each man would keep guard 
over himself and prove a blessing to his Company and to his 
Regiment ; and then gave command to " J/realc ranis, march P 
Up went the shouts, up went the caps, " Hurrah for Captain 
Marsh ; bully for Captain Marsh ; three cheers for the Union," 
and no end of jubilation. 

" Well, Captain," said a brother officer to Marsh, after roll- 
call the next morning, " How's Company M this morning?" 

"Twenty-seven absent without leave," was the desperately 
calm reply. "I declare, "Walt., aint that a nipper !" 

The bodies of the noble and patriotic twenty-seven were 
never recovered. 

An excellent version of the story which ends with " Stand 
steady on the left of M Company, you illiterate people," has 


been received from a member of the regiment, — but it is a 
story \\liicli requires a verbal narration in order to get tlie full 
flavor of it. 

The same may be said of " Away you go Capm !" 

also of the experiments of the Surgeons on certain hearty' 
looking sick men, to ascertain whether they were " playing 

My readers will be indebted for the following narration to 
Captain Gad Smith. Those who have not had anything to do 
with making out muster and pay rolls, can by no means com- 
prehend it, and had better not read it. 

Captain Gold of Cornwall, — one of the noblest soldiers, and 
commanding one of the best Companies, that ever bore arms 
in defence of the country, — brave as a lion and heedless of 
danger, yet tender toward his men as a father to a child — ^liad 
very little regard for '*red tape," and troubled himself but 
little about quarterly returns, muster rolls, &c. He left mat- 
ters of so small importance to his men, while Tie looked to 
" extending the line." To a soldier nothing seemed of greater 
consequence than making out and signing the Pay Rolls ; and 
the men who attended to this business were for the time being 
considered of no less consequence than the General command- 
ing the Army. These rolls, five in number, w^ere made once 
every two months ; three of them sent to Washington, one 
to Connecticut, and one retained by the ComjDany to copy the 
next rolls from, allowing of course for such changes as might 
occur by reason of deaths, transfers, discharges, &c. Of this 
fact however the Captain never informed himself, and it was 
to show his utter disregard for these small matters that the 
following story is often told. 


Once when tlie regiment lay at Clifton, muster day drew 
near. It seems that while the man who attended to the Cap^ 
tain's papers was absent in hospital, a new man was placed in 
charge of them, and without knowing much about it went on 
and made out rolls enough for any two regiments ; but instead 
of retaining one, forwarded them all to Yrashington, — and the 
job for that time was hyper-complete. Two months passed 
away; muster day was near at hand again, the old Company 
clerk had returned, and at once proceeded to make his ar- 
rangements for writing out his rolls. The retained copy was 
called for, but could not be found; At last thev found that it 
had been sent away with the rest. Indignant at such gross 
carelessness, the clerk started to see the Captain. After look- 
ing for a long time he finally found him visiting some of his 
brother officers, and accosted him with " Cap, what in thunder 
are we going to do ? At the last muster you retained none 
of your rolls, and I should like to Icnoic hoio we are going to 
do any thing at all V The Captain started up, and in a 
very disinterested manner replied, "Well, that is strange, — 
very strange. I 'spose I spoke to at least twenty men in the 
Company about it, and told them iohQ very careful; — I told 
them that without doubt we should need something for future 
reference. Say, do you know where Doctor Hassard hung my 
canteen ?" 

Early in the Summer of I860, an order was issued by the 
Secretary of War providing for the immediate reduction of 
the Army, and directing that all trooj^s mustered into service 
previous to Nov. 1862, should be at once discharged. For 
once the Second Connecticut seemed to be numbered among 
the blessed, — but of course each regiment was obliged to 


remain until specM, ordered to "make ready for tev, oo 
hum " In the mean tln.e our men became uneasy and diss^t- 
.Bfted, blaming first one and then another for the lon<r delay 
but finally came to the conclusion that the whole affair wa^ 
enveloped in mystery too dark for human understanding to 
fathom. One night during the existence of this state of affairs 
as Captain Gad Smith was making his rounds as Ofiicer of 
the D:,y, he came upon a sentinel asleep at his Post Not 
wishmg to get the man into trouble, especially since Lee had 
surrendered, the Captain rode up to him and tappin. him 
with his sabre, said, -What are you aiout here?" Raising 
his head a little, the soldier answered, "rd'uno." "Well 
what are you here for V Starting to his feet, he replied, " I 

s r, Capen, I'd'uno what I am here for ;-the guyment 

ordered us home two months ago." 

As a general rule, the qualities which go to make a popular 
and successful recruiting officer are very different from those 
required for an efficient commander and disciplinarian in the 
held. Some of the original Captains of the old Nineteenth 
were forcible illustrations of this truth. They were amiable 
gentlemen, of large intellectual and scholastic attainments, 
.nd of much civil ability and value ;-but when considered 
from a military point of view, it must be said that their 
function seemed to have ended when they had raised their 
Companies. The Roster of original Captains might have 
been divided into two classes, viz.: Bissell, Gold, Williams, 
Sperry, and Peck, who excelled in drill, discipline and other 
soldierly qualities,_and Hubbard, Rice, Ells, Skinner, and 
Jones, who were very amiable gentlemen. 


It is one of the most deplorable evils of war that the noblest 
and most fiiithfiil men are the victims, while a less valuable 
class manage to keep out of danger. But it is not in human 
power to remedy this evil ; it will always exist until wars are 
no more. And the best men are not only the victims of 
marching and fighting, but often also of punishments. The 
real sneaks, shirks and dead-beats keep out of a rigorous 
commander's sight, and at length turn up at some distant 
hospital, detailed as nurses, or reported unfit for duty by 
reason of varicose veins, general debility, or chronic something 
or other ; — while the man who faithfully endeavors to be up 
on time at a halt, after a march of perhaps a whole day and 
night, and who fails by four minutes, is likely to be rewarded 
for trying to keep up, by being made to carry a rail on his 
shoulder and marching back and forth another hour after 
arriving in camp. It avails nothing to oflEer as an excuse that 
he was unable to see a Surgeon, (for they are never too plenti- 
ful,) and obtain the required permission to fall out, although 
compelled by utter loss of strength, or by various necessities, 
to do SO- It matters not that he was on guard or on picket 
all night before the march began, — or that he was elbowed 
away from some well or spring by five hundred stronger men, 
and had to wait for a chance to fill his canteen, — or that a 
sore foot or lameness rendered it impossible for him to march 
in the ranks, and he had been caught six paces away from his 
theoretic place, — or that his bones and blood were full of 
fever, — or that the march is to be continued, and he needs 
every moment pi the halting hour for finding water, eating 
and resting. No matter. If it kills the man, the Morning 
Report will show a loss of one, and that is the. end of it. It is 
easier to punish by wholesale than to inquire into the precise 



merits of cacli case ; and a commanding officer wlio is con- 
sumed P/itli a tierce desire for promotion .vili be pretty careful 
not to inquire too closely, lest he find his victims innocent, 
and thus lose the opportunity to show off his discipline. But 
it is idle to inveigh against this class of the evils of war. War 
itself is the unspeakable evil. It may be ennoble.1 by a noble 
^ause,-but in itself it is the most contemptible of all trades. 
It offers a premium for seltishness, and its ordinary prefer- 
ments are often purchased by cruelty. 


lee's surrender, and exeunt omnes. 

lo ! they come, they come ! garlands for every sikrine ! 
Strike lyres to greet them home I bring roses, pour ye wine ! 
With the offering of bright blood they have ransomed hearth and tomb, 
Vineyard and field and flood ; — lo ! they come,^ they come ! 

Mrs. Hemans. 

The close of Chapter XIV left ns in bivouac, resting alter 
the charge, and. rejoicing over the vietory, at Sailor's Creek. 
The distant roar of musketry and artillerv the next morninfj 
told that there was yet heavy work for somebody, — but a few 
hours proved that it was not for the Second Connecticut. 
They had faced rebel guns lor the last time. Nevertheless, 
the toils and hardships of war were not all over, even for 

At nine o'clock on the morning* after Sailor's Creek, the 
"route step" was again taken, and after crossing the South 
Side Railroad at Rice's Station, the column at length halted 
for three or four liours on a hill above Farmville, Avhile the 
bridges over the Appomattox at that place, which the rebels 
had burnt behind them, were being rebuilt. Farmville was a 
village about as large as New Milford. The corps moved 
throusrh in tlie briLfht cvcniuG: moonlioht. with colors flvin/^. 

* April 7, 1SG5. 


and bands playing tunes which had probably not been heard 
there before in some time —and which (mirabile dictu !) did 
not elicit a single encore from the inhabitants. Their virulent 
sullenness, however, did not spoil the appetites of the soldiers 
so far but that they were able to worry down the ration of 
whiskey that was administered all round upon reaching biv- 
ouac, just west of the town. An advance of a mile was made 
the next morning at eight, and after an issue of three days' 
rations of hard bread, coffee, sugar, and a ration of whiskey, 
the troops lay for several hours in the hot sun, while (it was 
said) negotiations weie going on between Grant and Lee, 
several miles to the front. It was a time of feverish excite- 
ment, and rumors chased each other along the lines in quick 
succession. The column moved forward again at noon, and 
kept in motion until ten at night ; and although the desire to 
" be in at the death " was universal, yet large numljers fell out 
from exhaustion before reaching bivouac, near "New Store." 

And now we come to the last great scene in this fearful 
drama, in which multitudes have been actors, and the whole 
world the audience. The plot culminates here and now ;— 
and all that follows is merely epilogue. The Hope that 
dawned in the souls of millions wheu Grant assumed com- 
mand of the Armies of the United States, has grown brighter 
and brighter unto the perfect day,— and that Day is Sunday, 
the Ninth of April, 1865. 

The Pack- up sounded at half-past four in the morning, and 
marching commenced at five. After going about three miles 
a halt of an hour was made for coffee ; after which the march 
was continued, at an easy gait, for four miles more, through a 
dense wood, to the music of a heavy cannonade to the left tmd 
front, Then came another halt of an hour. Such easy march- 


ing, such frequent halts, and such long rests, were such a new 
and strange experience that the dullest man in the Army 
could not fail to perceive that something far more startling 
than a battle was on the tapis. The line of march was strewn 
with rebel war material of all kinds — wagons, caissons, ambu- 
lances, field desks, arms, and shells, tumbled out by the way 
in a manner that indicated a most distressful hurry. In some 
places our men could walk for several rods on rebel muskets. 
After the second halt the brigade took the Clover Hill road 
and after proceeding two or three miles further, halted again 
and cooked coffee. The cannonade had now quieted down. 
We had rested an hour or more, when a Cavalryman rode 
along and reported that we had got on three sides of Lee's 
Army, and that the James River was in its front, so that he 
must surrender. There was a wild hurrah at the prospect. 
The story had been that we were to march to Appomattox 
Court House, where Lee was to make his last stand, and give 
us our Saragossa, or die in that famous quagmire known aa 
the Last Ditch ; — and it was a great relief to believe that he 
might be persuaded to omit both Saragossa and the Last 
Ditch from his programme. Soon afterward General Hamblin 
rode down through the brigade with the official confirmation 
of the story, and a great rushing and shouting and throwing 
of caps ensued. A lull ol half an hour, and again Hamblin 
rode through — this time bareheaded, and charged, like a Ley- 
den Jar, with the news that General Lee had surren- 
dered HIS Army ! It were idle to attempt a description of 
the ecstasy that followed. The transported soldiers made the 
clouds vocal with their triumphs, — which, caught by courier 
and telegraph, cannon and church-bell, rolled through the 
continent before twenty-four hours had passed away. 


On the 11 til, the corps moved back to the vicinity of Farm- 
ville, arriving by way of Kearnsville, at six in the evening, 
after a weary march of twenty-one miles. Some of the little 
children of the inhabitants— the poorest clad and most ill 
conditioned our soldiers ever saw — came around with their 
baskets and with bits of cloth, asking for scraps of hard bread 
and other food, to save them from starvation. The boys 
treated them very gently, dividing their scanty rations with 
them, and giving them a better dinner than they had proba- 
bly had for many days. Among them was an old grey-headed 
woman, eating hard bread with a zest that only hunger could 
have produced. The regiment passed an old negro who had 
got out his whole family and was singing and shouting the 
praises of the " Delivering Army," which he said was " more 
numerous than the hosts of David." 

On the 12th, we moved from near Farmville to Rice^s 
Station, through the debris of the rebel wagon trains and 
divisions. The poor old Confederacy had indeed gone to 
ignominious smash ; and as we passed through Farmville and 
saw the general wretchedness, we could hardly help pitying 
the builders of the great Failure of the century. After 
making such a noise in the world, and presenting so formida- 
ble a front, to collapse so totally, and disappear so like a burst 
bubble ! Although we had always predicted this result, yet 
its actual accomplishment was a surprise and a wonder. 

April 13th, we moved from Rice's Station to Burkesville, in 
mud unspeakable. Wagons were so badly stuck that eight 
mules could not draw an empty one out of the mire. In- 
deed, the campaign from the capture ol Petersburg to Lee's 
Surrender was a terrible one for mules and horses; and 
hundreds, yea, thousands of them lay stretched out dead 


between Petersburg and tlie vicinity of the Surrender. At 
Burkesville the corps lay for ten days, doing no duty more 
severe than furnishing "geauds" to citizens who came ask- 
ing for them from all quarters. The news of the assassi- 
nation of President Lincoln was received on the 16th, and 
created a grief among the troops more profound, if possible, 

than that wdiich pervaded the nation at large. 

Although Lee and his x4.rmy of Northern Virginia had 
surrendered, there was still a Large rebel army in the field in 
North Carolina under Johnston, defiantly confronting Sher- 
man, — which must be disposed of before the rebellion could 
be regarded as completely finished. The Sixth Corps was 
therefore ordered to Danville, to await developments. The 
movement thither was commenced on the 23d of April, our 
brigade taking a pike that ran parallel with the railroad, and 
reaching Keyesville, twenty-one miles from Burkesville, at 
night. On the 24th we marched from Keyesville to Cole's 
Ferry, on the Staunton River — twenty miles. On the 25th, 
marched from Staunton River to Halifax Court House — 
twenty miles. The country and people were in better case 
through Halifax County than any we had seen in Southern 
Virginia. The fences w^ere twelve or fourteen rails high, and 
evidences of wealth and thrift abounded. The aggregate of 
the regiment, present and absent, at this time was forty-nine 
officers and seven hundred and seventeen men. On the 26th, 
marched from Halifax Court House to Brooklyn — twenty 
miles, passing vast niimbers of negroes who had not been a 
hundred hours out of slavery. " You are free, now ; you can 
have anything you want," said Colonel Hubbard to a tidy 
black girl, who was standing by the road-side as the column 
passed along. " Well, then, I guess I'll take you ;" was the 


somewhat unlocked for reply. The regiment however was 
not ready to spare its commander, and the Colonel rode on. 
On the 27th, marched from Brooklyn to Banyille-twenty 
miles ; thus making the entire distance of one hundred miles 
in four days and four hours. It was now ascertained that the 
war had been completely ended by the surrender of Johnston 
to Sherman, and that this dreadful tramp all the way to 
Dauville had been for nothing. Better so, however, than to 
have found more fighting there. After a stay of four days 
orders were issued for the return of the Corps to Burkesville,' 
and the retrograde movement was immediately commenced! 
Seven companies of our regiment had the honor of going 
afoot* as a guard to the wagon train, while the other three 
companies (F, G and K,) and all the rest of the corps, went 
by cars. 

May 2,— From Danville to Brooklyn. 

May 3,— From Brooklyn to Halifax Court House. 

May 4,-From Halifax Court House to Staunton River. 

May 5,— From Staunton River to Keyesville. 

May 6,— From Keyesville to Burkesville. 

At Burkesville and vicinity the corps remained for ten 
days. Negroes had joined the column in large numbers dur- 
ing the march, and now each regiment had a colored appen- 
dix, equal, in nearly every case, to an entire company. The 
inhabitants came in vast crowds, from near and far, with their 
baskets and two-wheeled carts, to obtain supplies of food, 
which were issued to them at Burkesville Junction ; and our 
regiment was kept on active duty, guarding the stores that 
were received and disbursed. Our daily detail consisted of 
one Officer of the Day, two Officers of the Guar d, three Ser- 

*May 3, 1865. 


geants, five Corporals, and eighty men ; besides whicli, many 
iM«a were stationed as "geauds" at private residences. The 
inhabitants had now so far comprehended the situation that 
they were extremely civil ; and Mrs. Flippea frequently sent 
a propitiatory basket of cherries or boquet of flowers to Head- 
cpiarters, with the assurance that she could have done much 
more before the "waw." Marching was resumed on the l7th, 
and the brigade had made about six miles eastward, wdien 
we counter-marched back to Burkesville, and it was an- 
nounced that we would go by rail on the morrow. On the 
afternoon of the 18th, we went aboard a long train of dilap- 
idated cars, which had almost tumbled to pieces in the 
service of the rebellion, and were drawn by a wheezy loco- 
motive, that sneezed instead of whistling, over a rickety road 
formed partly of old fashioned "strap" rails, spiked upon 
wood, to the tow^n of Manchester, on the James River, directly 
opposite Richmond, where the corps remained encamped for 
five days, during which tiaie all the soldiers were allowed 
passes to visit Richmond. The burnt district was still smok- 
ing with the remains of the great fire of April 3, and the city 
was full of officers and soldiers of the ex-confeclerate army. 
The blue and the grey mingled on the streets and public 
squares, and were seen side by side in the Sabbath congrega- 
tions. The war was over. 

On the morning of .the 24:th of May, the corps started on 
its overland march for Washington. We passed in review 
before General HaUeek in Richmond, and moved on at a cait 
more like a forced saaarch than anything else, arriving after 
dark at Hanover Court House. The next day we moved to 
Chesterfield Station, where, just one year before, w^e lay for 
half a day before the terrific night march down the Pamun- 

3C0 gEcoxi) C(>:s:nectI'Cut 

key. Wlint a world of heavy times had befallen us between 
the first and last visit to Chesterfield Station ! Then, our 
losses were only eight — and they had occurred at the North 
Anna, hardly twenty-four hours before. Now they were more 
than seven hundred and fifty. 

It rained nearly ail night, and the traveling the next day 
was cruel. Only eight miles were accomplished by a whole 
day's march, and the bridges were carried away, so that the 
wagons could not cotfte up. The night and the next day* 
and night, were passed in the wet woods. On the 29th, we 
moved to Fredericksburg, on the 30th to Potomac Creek, on 
the Blst to Wolf Run Shoals, on the 1st of June to Fairfax 
Court House, and on the 2d to Bailey's Cross Roads, about 
three miles from Washington, where we went into camp, and 
received an accession of one hundred and fifty men, — the 
remnant of the Fourteenth Connecticut Volunteers, who had 
been transferred to our regiment, and were awaiting ouf 

On the 8th of June came the grand and final Review of the 
Sixth Corps. Reveille sounded at three o'clock, and at day- 
light the Divisions, Brigades, and Regiments, iii numerical 
and ranking order, — first the Division of tlie Red Cross, theu 
of the White Cross, and. lastly of the Blue Cross — were on the 
way to Washington. They crossed Long Bridge and closed- 
in-mass on Maryland Avenue, the head of the column resting 
at the Capitol gate, and the rear hardly clearing Long Bridge. 
At nine o'clock the order was given, "By the head of col- 
umn take wheeling distance ;" — and with cadenccd step, and 
muskets at a right-shoulder-shift, the shining host moved 
down Pennsylvania Avenue, amid the loud acclaims and wav- 

* May 2S^ 1865.. 


ing flags and liandkercliiefs of thousands of spectators who 
thronged the walks and peopled the windows and roofs on 
either side, — and who never for a moment imagined, — dear, 
innocent souls I — that the soldiers were not enjmjing the pa- 
geant as much as themselves. Enjoying ! Ha, Ha I ErerT 
step was a cadenced curse ; and if every man who inwardly 
wished to shoot General Wright could have had his way, 
that commander would have died ten thousand deaths before 
night. If any of my readers would like to know wlty^ — let 
hun start from Bailey's Cross Roads at four o'clock on a June 
morning, march eight or ten miles in choking dust to the 
Capitol, lie broiling in the sun for an hour, all buckled and 
bandaged and strapped in " full dre&s " — (while commanding 
officers are taking their iced consolation in the neighboring 
hotels and bracing themselves lor the arduous task ol riding 
a mile,) and then march with a fourteen-pound musket on 
his shoulder from the Capitol to the Treasury Building, and 
from there past the White House grounds at a " shoulder," 
without a halt, or without breaking the cadenced step, and 
with the mercury at 100'^ in the shade, and 200S in the sun. 
When you have done that, dear reader, you will know why 
the soldiers did not enjoy the Review as much as the specta- 
tors. At the upper corner of the Treasury Building the 
column came to a shoulder, and in front of the White House 
passed the Reviewing Stand, where, with General Wright 
and a crowd ol celebrities, stood the new President, Andrew 
Johnson, — the praised and honored chief who was at that 
hour the Acceptable of all parties, and utterly without aa. 
opposition ; — now despised and execrated by the whole world . 
The troops came to a halt soon after passing Seventeenth 
Street, and soon afterward proceeded to camp, where they 


arrived in beautiful disorder and demoralization. Command- 
ing officers dared not halt, for fear of having no men to move 
on with,— and when the " head of the column" reached camp, 
the tail of it was in Georgetown and under every bush on the 
road. The Second Brigade was a very long brigade. 

On the 16th of June our regiment bade its final good-bye 
to the glorious old Sixth Corps, and was ordered to report to 
General Hancock, commanding the Middle Military Division, 
for garrison duty. "We were assigned to the Third Brigade, 
Hardin's Division, Twenty-Second Army Corps ; and crossing 
Anacosta Bridge — over which the assassin Booth fled after he 
had done the deed which clothed America in mourning — the 
regiment was distributed among eleven forts, viz.: Greble, 
Carroll, Snyder, Stanton, Ricketts, Wagner, Baker, Davis, 
Dupont, Meigs and Mahan, — with Head quarters at Fort Ba- 
ker. Here we remained eleven days, during which nothing 
noteworthy occurred, except a small mutiny, which was occa- 
sioned by the general and daily increasing impatience to get 
home. The war was over, the rebellion crushed, — we had 
enlisted for " three years ©r during the war," and now why- 
were we kept here ? The blame was laid upon Colonel Hub- 
bard, who, as the story went, was intriguing to keep the 
regiment in the service, in order to obtain his " star," or in 
order to prolong his power and pay. It is to be hoped that 
time enough has now elapsed, and passion subsided suffi- 
ciently to allow the truth to be heard in this matter. The 
writer of this history knows that Colonel Hubbard had sini 
enough to answer for, — but delaying the muster-out was not 
one of them. He sent application after application— from 
Bailey's Cross Roads and from Fort Baicer,— to Head-quarters 
Department of Washington through the '^proper military 


ckannel," representing in tlie most forcible and vehement 
language that the regiment was composed mostly of farmers, 
and that it was extremely desirable that they should be mus- 
tered out at once, in time to assist in haying and harvest in 
Connecticut. These applications were disregarded, — not even 
returned approved or disapproved. (The fcict is that the 
various regiments of our immense army were being discharged 
as fast as the cars could lug them home ; — but every man 
thought he ought to go first, and the delay of a week or two 
seemed almost intolerable.) Colonel Hubbard at length sus- 
pected that his applications were purposely detained some- 
where on the way, and resolved to take the liberty which 
Mackenzie had frequently taken. He therefore sent the writer 
direct to General Augur's Head-quarters with a most urgent 
written request that the regiment be sent home immediately. 
The writer saluted General Augur's A. A. G., and delivered 
the document. Upon glancing at it, that functionary sharply 

Who are you ? 

I am the Adjutant of the Second Connecticut Artillery, — 
was the reply. 

Where did you bring this from ? 

From Colonel Hubbard, my regimental commander. 

Well, carry it back, and tell your Colonel that he has no 
business to send communications here except through the 
proper military channel, — and if he don't know what that is 
he had better find out. 

Finding his efforts fruitless, the Colonel gave it up. The 
men were told that he had done his best to get the regiment 
discharged, but they would not believe it, and were almost 
ready to knock any man over who held that opinion. Some 


of the " old " men of several Companies agreed that they 
would not do certain kinds of duty ; and twelve men of 
Company C carried out that determination, — although those 
of the other Companies, who had promised to follow suit, 
"went back on them." The men who refused were Court 
Martial ed, and sentenced to one month's hard labor, and a 
loss of one mouth's pay ; although they escaped the hard labor 
because the regiment was mustered out before it could be 
enforced. Indeed it would have been difficult, if not impossi- 
ble, for any officer that ever served in the regiment, (except 
Colonel Kellogg,) to enforce it. The war was over^ and the 
men were " ugly," in the New England sense. If a command- 
ing officer did not enforce respect and obedience, his men 
would walk over him rough-shod ; and if he did attempt to 
maintain discipline, he was in danger of being lynched, — 
especially if the soldiers were nursing old grudges against 
him. Happy, in those days, was the man who was not a 
commanding officer ! 

On >the 27th of June, the regiment was transferred to the 
south side of the Potomac, and stationed as follows : seven 
Companies, under Major Jones, at Fort Ethan Allen ; three 
Companies, under Major Cleveland, at Fort Marcy; Company 
F, under Captain Tuttle, at Fort Albany, near the Arlington 
House; and Company B, under Captain Henry Skinner, at 
Battery Martin Scott, at the east end of Chain Bridge. On 
the 7th of July the original enlisted men of the Old Nine- 
teenth were mustered out at Fort Ethan Allen by Captain 
Van Horn, and on the 9th left for New Haven, under the 
charge of Major Cleveland — one hundred and eighty-three 
men, — all that remained of the eight hundred and fifty who 
left Camp Dutton on the loth of September, 1863. They 


were liandsomely received and entertained by the city author- 
ities, 3Iayor Scranton making an admirable speech of welcome, 
to which Major Cleveland admirably responded. On the loth 
of July they were paid off by Major Lupton, tliat politest of 
Paymasters, and received their discharges ; and the eventful 
career of the Old Xiueteenth was ended. On the 20th of 
July the remainder of the regiment was consolidated into 
eight Companies by the transter of I, K, L and M to the 
other eight Companies, and the muster-out of their officers as 
supernumeraries. On the 18th of August the entire regiment 
was mustered out at Fort Ethan Allen by Captain Van Horn^. 
and immediately made ready for departui*e;- Tlie number, 
including the installment received from the Fourteenth Con- 
necticut Volunteers, was about five hundred and fifty. Good 
and brave boys they were, — but somewhat playful, — and it 
required considerably more skill to get them through to New 
Haven than the Old Nineteenth, m^n. But the thing was 
pretty well managed. We left Washington on Sunday morn- 
ing, and arrived at Philadelphia tha following midnight, 
where the noble people of that noble city — ladies and gentle- 
men — were up and wide awake to receive and entertain us, at 
the same tables — sumptuously furnished at ^private expense — 
at which we had been fed on our way to the seat of war, three 
years before. Notwithstanding the utmost precautions, a 
vast quantity of very quairelsome whiskey leaked into the 
canteens during the half hour's stay in Philadelphia, in con- 
sequence of which one man was lost from the train in the 
vicinity of Burlington. We reached New Haven on Monday 
evening, August 20, and passed up Chapel Street amid wel- 
coming crowds of people, the clangor of bells, and a shower 
of rockets and red lights that made the field-and-stafl 



horses prance with the belief that battle had come again. 
After partaking of a bounteous entertainment prepared in 
the basement of the State House, the regiment proceed- 
ed to Grapevine Point, where, on the 5th of September, 
they received their pay and discharge; and the Second 
Connecticut Heavy Artillery vanished fi-om sight, and passed 
into History. 



/' . 

University of