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1400173 



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GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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DIRECT FROM PHOTOGRAPH BY NATIONAL TRIBUNE. 



MAtJO^-GENE^flb J. J. HEYNOIiDS, 

First Cnlnnel nf 75th Indiana Infantry IZhlnntEErs/ 








HISTORY 



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OF THE 

SEVENTY-FIFTH REGIMENT 

OF 

INDIANA INFANTRY VOLUNTEERS, 

ITS 

ORGANIZATION CAMPAIGNS, AND BATTLES 

( 1862-65.) 

BY 

REV. DAVID BITTLE FLOYD, A. M., 

(Formerly a Sergeant in Co. I of the Regiment.) 

WITH AN INTRODUCTION 

BY 

MAJOR-GENERAL J. J. REYNOLDS, 

(Provisional Lolonel of the Regiment.) 



PUBLISHED FOR THE AUTHOR. 



PHILADELPHIA: 

LUTHERAN PUBLICATION SOCIETY. 

1893. 



Copyrighted, 1892, 



BY 



DAVID B. FLOYD. 



/*-£, 3^23 



1400173 



/l'O THE MEMORY 
OF 

THE HONORED DEAD 

OF THE 

SEVENTY-FIFTH INDIANA REGIMENT, 

WHOSE LIVES WERE LOST TO PRESERVE THE UNION, 
THIS VOLUME 
IS 

RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED. 



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, & 

I 

C) 

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N 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Introduction. . 9 

CHAPTER I. 

Organization — Wabash — Indianapolis — Louisville — Two 

DRUMMER BOYS ... II 

CHAPTER II. 



With the Fortieth Brigade, Tweefth Division, in pursuit of 
Confederate General John H. Morgan at Lebanon — Lebanon 
Junction — Shepherdsvieee — Seventeenth and Seventy-sec- 
ond Indiana, and Ninety-eighth Ieeinois Regiments, and Eigh- 
teenth Indiana Battery — Return to Louisvieee — Eeizabeth- 
town march— Pursuit of Confederate Generae E. Kirby 
Smith — Boweing Green— Scottsvieee— Coeonee Robinson — 
Castaeian Springs— Battle of Hartsvieee 25 

CHAPTER III. 

Six months’ encampment at Murfreesboro, Tennessee — Sixty- 
eighth and One hundred and first Indiana, and One hun- 
dred AND FIFTH OHIO REGIMENTS AND NINETEENTH INDIANA 
Battery — Reconnaissances to Woodbury, Liberty, Aeexan- 
dria, Mieton, Carthage, McMinnvieee, etc 65 

CHAPTER IV. 

The Tuleahoma Campaign — Battee of Hoover’s Gap — Tueea- 
homa 92 

CHAPTER V. 

Crossing the Eek River — Camps Winford and University Peace 
— Movement across the Cumberland mountains and Tennes- 
see River — Scaling Lookout Mountain— Evacuation of Chat- 



tanooga BY THE ENEMY I09 

CHAPTER VI. 

Battle of Chickamauga— Preliminary to the Battle . . . . 125 

( 5 ) 



6 



Contents. 



CHAPTER VII. 

Chickamauga— Battle of September 2oth, 1863 

CHAPTER VIII. 

Chattanooga Siege of Chattanooga — Eighty-seventh Indiana, 
Second Minnesota, Ninth and Thirty-fifth Ohio Regiments— 
Affair at Brown’s Ferry 



CHAPTER IX. 



Battles around Chattanooga — Eookout Mountain — Missionary 
Ridge 



222 



CHAPTER X. 

Pursuit of Confederates to Ringgold, Ga.— Reoccupancy of 
Chattanooga— Relief of Burnside — Demonstration on Dal- 
ton, G a.— Reconnaissance towards Tunnel Hill, Ga 268 



Atlanta Campaign 



CHAPTER XI. 



CHAPTER XII. 

The Siege of Atlanta — Its capitulation 



279 



3°7 



CHAPTER XIII. 

Expedition to Gaylesville, Alabama, in pursuit of the Confed- 
erate ARMY UNDER GENERAL HOOD 334 

CHAPTER XIV. 

The March to the Sea, and Capture of Savannah, Ga 342 

CHAPTER XV. 

Campaign through the Carolinas from Savannah, Ga., to 
Goldsboro and Raleigh, N. C. — Battles of Fayetteville, Ben- 
tonville, Smithfield, etc 363 

CHAPTER XVI. 

Homeward march via Richmond and Washington — Grand 
Review — From Washington to Indianapolis — Muster out, etc. 386 



Recapitulation of the Strength and Toss of the Regiment . . 400 



Roster of the Regiment. 



407 



PREFACE. 



Thirty years have come and gone since the Seventy-fifth 
Regiment of Indiana Volunteers began its long marches, fre- 
quent encampments, and bloody battles in the war for the sup- 
pression of the rebellion. Many of the noble and brave men, 
who went out with us in defense of a common country, did 
not return with us. We left them years ago on the hills, by 
the streams, and in the valleys of the sunny South. Yet by 
us they are not forgotten. Their heroic deeds and last rest- 
ing places are often brought to our minds in fond remem- 
brance. We, who saw our comrades fall in battle, and die 
in camps, and famish in prisons, where their bodies were laid 
in unmarked and uncoffined graves beneath the palmetto and 
the pine, are ourselves dropping out of ranks in the rapid 
march of time, and falling down in the stern battle of life. 

During the preparation of these chapters on war, the writer 
has been busy with the duties of preaching the gospel of 
peace, which may serve as an apology for any defects, that 
may be found among the facts herein given. If there should 
be any omissions which detract from any one, or additions 
that reflect upon any one, such must be corrected by the hand 
of charity. 

Besides the writer’s own personal knowledge of the events 
herein recorded, the following works, bearing more or less 
upon the subjects treated, were consulted in the preparation 
of the volume: The Official Records of the War of the Rebel- 
lion, Official Reports of Adjutant-General Terrell, of Indiana, 
Van Horne’s .History of the Army of the Cumberland, Gen- 
eral Sherman’s Memoirs, General Grant’s Personal Memoirs, 
General Turchin’s Chickamauga, and the Century Magazine’s 
War Articles. 



( 7 ) 



8 



Preface. 



The writer owes his grateful acknowledgments to Com- 
rades James G. Essington, of Co. D; Mahlon J. Paxon, of 
Co. F; Capt. Irwin Poison, of Co. C; Capt. David L. Elliott, 
of Co. E; and Capt. Mahlon H. Floyd, of Co. I, who had the 
kindness to loan him their valuable Diaries in the prepara- 
tion of this book. He is also indebted to Capt. S. C. Kel- 
logg, U. S. A., late A. D. C. to Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, for 
furnishing elegant maps of the Campaigns in which the Reg- 
iment served; to Mrs. Hester A. McGinnesS r for interesting 
letters written by her husband, Capt. William McGinness; 
to Lieut. William S. Stitt, of Co. A; to Capt. Thomas A. 
Ellis and Serg’t Alpheus N. Rood, of Co. B; to Capt. Irwin 
Poison and Lieut. Jacob Lair, of Co. C; to Major Cyrus J. 
McCole and James G. Essington, of Co. D; to Capt. David 
L. Elliott, of Co. E; to Capt. Christopher S. Arthur, of Co. 
F; to Capt. Joseph T. Smith, of Co. G; to James C. Favorite, 
of Co. H; to Capt. Mahlon H. Floyd, of Co. I, and to Serg’t 
William B. Miller, of Co. K, for assistance in preparing the 
Roster of their respective Companies, and for other very val- 
uable material furnished by them. He is especially indebted 
to General J. J. Reynolds for furnishing the introduction; to 
Capt. Daniel H. Floyd, A. Q. M., U. S. A., and to Capt. J. 
H. Mauzy, of the Sixty-eighth Indiana, for valuable aid in 
the preparation of the chapters. 

This book is not a history of the war, nor of the army in 
which the Regiment served ; but it is claimed to be a faithful 
record of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment and of the Regi- 
ments immediately, associated with it. The story of the ser- 
vice and sacrifice of every man, who belonged to the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Regiment, will, in this record^ be perpetuated 
among his children and grandchildren. 

The volume is now submitted to those, who are interested 
in what it relates. If it should prove in some degree bene- 
ficial to its readers, the writer will feel that he has been com- 
pensated for his labor. 



David B. Floyd. 



INTRODUCTION. 



To my Comrades of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Volunteers: 

The author of this history of our Regiment has kindly in- 
vited me, its first Colonel, to write a few words of introduc- 
tion. I gladly embrace the opportunity to say how d’ye do 
and good-bye; for our ranks are gradually thinning out, and 
many, whose hands I would delight to grasp in comradeship 
while these words are being written, may have passed away 
before they can be read. 

As time is ordinarily reckoned among men, nearly an en- 
tire generation has passed since you voluntarily enlisted in 
the service of your country. This act involved separation, 
for an indefinite period, from home and relatives and friends, 
from the affectionate associations of youth and the laudable 
aspirations of young men at a time of life when the most im- 
portant steps are usually taken. In short, this act involved 
a separation from all that men hold dearest on earth. 

During the war you followed the flag in camp, on the 
march, in bivouac, in skirmish, and in battle, in a manner 
that entitles you to an honorable position among the Regi- 
ments that, in the grand aggregate, made up more than two 
millions of men enrolled and organized for the suppression 
of the rebellion. 

The details and incidents of this service, the ups and downs 
of a soldier’s life, from home back to home again, are por- 
trayed in this volume by one of our number. He took the 
field as a boy and returned a mature man, having been mean- 
while part and parcel of the scenes which he describes. The 
reading of these pages will make us all feel young again. 

Since the termination of the war, and as consequent upon 

2 (9) 



io ' Introduction. 

the questions thereby decided, the progress of our country in 
material and educational development has gone far beyond 
any previous period in our history. The former camping 
grounds of some of our Regiments are now the sites of thriv- 
ing towns, and busy populations engaged in all manner of 
peaceful pursuits are made up, in good proportion, of ex- 
soldiers. May we not, my comrades, without any undue 
exultation, congratulate ourselves upon these happy results? 

When the chapters of this book shall be read aloud by the 
firesides of veterans, a majority of the listeners will, in many 
cases, be composed of persons born since the days of i86i-’ 65. 
Questions may be propounded by these young people that 
will trouble the veteran to fully answer. 

The magnitude of the civil war was scarcely appreciated 
by those who participated in it. As a convenient historical 
point of comparison, the young people may be reminded, that 
our own state furnished more troops for the civil war than 
the total number employed on both sides in the ever mem- 
orable battle of Yorktown. 

When the youth asks the veteran why he went to war, his 
answer is ever ready and easily understood. It was simply 
that the old flag should not be rent asunder. 

Your Comrade, 

J. J. Reynolds. 



Washington, D. C. 



CHAPTER I. 



ORGANIZATION — WABASH — INDIANAPOLIS — LOUISVILLE — 
TWO DRUMMER BOYS. 

(JULY- AUGUST, 1862.) 

The Seventy-fifth Regiment of Indiana Infantry Volun- 
teers was organized during the latter part of July and the 
first part of August, 1862, from Companies raised in the 
Eleventh Congressional District of Indiana. Many of the 
members, from the Colonels down to the privates, had expe- 
rienced previous service in the war for the Union. Joseph J. 
Reynolds had been a Lieutenant in the Fourth U. S. Artillery 
during the military occupation of Texas in 1846, Colonel of 
the Tenth Indiana Regiment in 1861, and a Brigadier-General 
of Volunteers before he became the first Colonel, by provi- 
sional appointment, of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment. 
Milton S. Robinson had been the Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Forty-seventh Indiana Regiment, and William O’Brien and 
Cyrus J. McCole had been Captain and First Lieutenant re- 
spectively in the Twelfth Indiana Regiment before they filled 
the three highest field offices of the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiment. Among the line officers of the Regiment, who saw 
previous service, were Captains David H. Wall, who had been 
a First Lieutenant in the Thirty-fourth Indiana; Thomas A. 
Ellis, Mahlon H. Floyd, and Sanford R. Karnes, who served 
in the Twelfth Indiana; Lieutenants Harry H. Wheeler, who 
served in the Eighth Indiana; Cora C. Colburn, who served 
in the Sixth Indiana, and Henry R. Leonard, Joseph Gwinn, 
and James A. Starbuck, who served in the Twelfth Indiana; 
Uriah Todd, who served in an Ohio regiment; and John B. 
Collins and William L. Philpott, who served in the war with 

(11) 



12 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Mexico. Many of the enlisted men of the Regiment, who 
played an important part in the suppression of the great re- 
bellion, whose names are too numerous to mention here, had 
also previously passed through a process of military training. 
The majority of the men, who comprised the Roster of the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment, left comfortable homes and 
profitable professions, trades, and lines of business to volunteer 
their services to the country and flag. 

Oliver P. Morton, the great “War Governor” of our State, 
at President Lincoln’s call, July 2d, 1862, for 300,000 three- 
years’ men, when the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment re- 
sponded, commissioned men in many counties of the State, 
with the rank of Second Lieutenant, to organize Companies. 
Several men who became officers in our Regiment had been 
thus previously commissioned. As a rule, those, who were 
largely instrumental in recruiting the respective Companies, 
became the original officers of the Regiment. 

The most active and prominent men, who raised the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment, were General Joseph J. 
Reynolds, of Lafayette; the Hon. John U. Pettit, of Wabash; 
and Captain William O’Brien, of Noblesville. 

As fully organized, the Regiment comprised the following 
field and line officers, with the non-commissioned officers of 
the Companies: 

Colonels, Joseph J. Reynolds (provisional) and John U. 
Pettit: Lieutenant-Colonel, William O’Brien; Major, Cyrus 
J. McCole; Adjutant, James C. Medsker; Quartermaster, 
Calvin Cowgill; Chaplain, Orville B. Boyden; Surgeon, 
Christopher S. Arthur; Assistant-Surgeons, James B. White 
and Robert H. Buck. 

The following are the organizations of the Companies: 

“A” Company was recruited from all parts of Wabash 
county by Samuel Steele and others. On the 12th of July, 
the organization was completed in the City of Wabash by 
the election of Samuel Steele to the captaincy; Harry H. 
Wheeler and William H. Wilson were elected First and Second 



of Indiana Infa7itry Voliuiteers. 



1 3 



Lieutenants; George F. Dutton was made Orderly Sergeant; 
Isaac N. McMillen, David Park, Eli Royer, and John W. 
Ply, became Sergeants; and Levi Rerrick, Henry James, 
Jesse W. Smith, Adolph Pairan, John W. Oliver, John 
Cassey, John Squires, and John Ohmart, were the Corporals. 
As the City of Wabash was to be the camp of rendezvous 
for the Regiment, this Company at once went into camp here. 

“B” Company was raised in the counties of Tipton and 
Clinton. From the former, Isaac H. Montgomery, NoahW. 
Parker, Wesley King, and Wesley Gates, recruited a number 
of men in Cicero township, and George L. Shaw was instru- 
mental in organizing a party of men who came from Madison 
township. Thomas A. Ellis, John N. and Stanley Cooper, 
James and William J. Barnett, recruited the men from Jeffer- 
son township in Tipton, and Honey Creek township in Clin- 
ton county. These different squads came together August 
18th, at the town of Tipton, and organized into a Company 
by the election of Isaac H. Montgomery, as Captain; George 
L. Shaw, as First Lieutenant, and Noah W. Parker, as Second 
Lieutenant; Wesley Gates became Orderly Sergeant; Jefferson 
Montgomery, Wesley King, Thomas A. Ellis, Francis Coy, 
were the Sergeants; the Corporals were William A. Bouse, 
Duzan C. Evans, William Simmons, John P. Wagaman, 
James A. Frazier, Nelson J. Justice, Alpheus N. Rood, and 
Benj. J. Allen. 

“C” Company was composed of men from Howard county, 
whom Francis M. Bryant, James C. Medsker, Daniel D. 
Downs, and Irwin Poison organized into a Company. The 
organization was effected at Kokomo about the middle of 
July by the election of Francis M. Bryant, Captain; James 
C. Medsker, First Lieutenant, and Daniel D. Downs, Second 
Lieutenant. James C. Medsker became the Adjutant of the 
Regiment on the 21st of August, at Indianapolis, and Irwin 
Poison was elected Second Lieutenant, vice D. D. Downs, 
promoted to First Lieutenant. The non-commissioned offi- 
cers were Orderly Sergeant, Samuel W. Payne; Sergeants, 



14 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Irwin Poison, Jacob Lair, Abraham Payton, Samuel R. Mc- 
Clure; and Corporals, Samuel O. Smith, James Oldham, 
Arland O. D. Kelley, Thomas P. Henderson, Hayden H. 
Rayborn, Walter Scott Reeder, Edward Arnett, and Mark 
Cox. 

“D” Company was raised entirely by Cyrus J. McCole, 
who subsequently became the Major of the Regiment. This 
Company was from Hamilton county, principally from No- 
blesville township. The election of officers, at which time 
the organization of the Company was completed, was held on 
the 29th day of July. Cyrus J. McCole, John H. Butler, and 
John Bauchert were elected Captain, First and Second Lieu- 
tenant, in the order named. The non-commissioned officers 
consisted of Cincinnatus B. Williams, Orderly Sergeant; 
William A. Wainwright, Anthony M. Conklin, Marion W. 
Essington, and John Lutz, Sergeants; William H. William- 
son, Adam Miesse, Elisha Mills, William E. Hardy, Richard 
J. Burns, Ananias Thompson, John R. Leonard, and Lewis 
E. Pickerell, Corporals. 

“ E” Company was recruited from Huntington and 
Wells counties — principally from the former. Governor 
Morton had previously made Jacob S. Goshorn, a Second 
Lieutenant for the purpose. The men were generally from 
the towns of Huntington and Warren, and the townships of 
Clear Creek, Rock Creek, Union, Salamonie and Jefferson, in 
Huntington county. J. S. Goshorn recruited the men from 
the town of Huntington and the northern part of the county; 
David H. Wall and George W. Goode raised the num- 
ber coming from the town of Warren and the southeast 
part of the county, and from Wells county. The Company 
was organized August 1st, in the town of Warren. David 
H. Wall, George W. Goode, and Jacob S. Goshorn, in the 
order named, were elected Captain, First and Second 
Lieutenants. The non-commissioned officers consisted of 
David L. Elliott, Orderly Sergeant ; Abner D. Frame, 
Henry Wolfe, Enos Allman and Robert B. Beatty, Sergeants; 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



15 



KilbourneF. Way, George W. Hallman, James Hixon, David 
M. Pugh, John Braden, William M. Irwin, Vestal C. Shaw 
and Harvey Nevins, Corporals. 

“F” Company was recruited from Jay county. Abraham 
C. Rush was commissioned a Second Lieutenant to raise the 
Company. The most of the men in the Company, however, 
were recruited by Christopher S. Arthur. John S. Stanton 
was also instrumental in securing men for the Company. 
The Company was organized on the 31st day of July by the 
election of Christopher S. Arthur as Captain, John S. Stan- 
ton and Abraham C. Rush as First and Second Lieutenants, 
respectively. Captain C. S. Arthur became the Surgeon of 
the Regiment. The non-commissioned officers were Orderly 
Sergeant, Jesse T. Underwood; Sergeants, Guisbert W. 
McGriff, Joseph Lewis, John Hardy, Jr. and Oliver H. P. 
Hammitt; Corporals, Henry V. Walling, Henry Getz, John 
P. Boyd, David Henry, Solomon Dehuff, James Stewart, 
William Arbrough and Charles B. Bennett. “P N ” was the 
first Company to arrive at Wabash for the organization of the 
Regiment. No preparations for the accommodation of the 
men had yet been made, and they were quartered in the old 
Fair grounds, until other arrangements were made, and the 
arrival of other Companies. 

“G” Company was raised in Madison county, principally 
from the townships of Pipe Creek, Boone and Lafayette. 
Joseph T. Smith was commissioned a Second Lieutenant by 
Governor Morton to raise the Company. He had associated 
with him in this work, John B. Frazer, William L. Philpott, 
John W. Chamness, Samuel H. Carr, George M. Overshiner 
and William J. Hilligoss. On the 28th of July, the Company 
was organized at Quincy (El wood,) by the election of Joseph 
T. Smith, Captain, John B. Frazer, First Lieutenant, and 
William L. Philpott, Second Lieutenant. This Company had 
but one Captain during the entire service. The non-com- 
missioned officers consisted of Orderly Sergeant, Samuel H. 
Carr; Sergeants, William J. Hilligoss, George M. Over- 



i6 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



shiner, Joel W. McMahan and John W. Chamness* Cor- 
porals, Stephen Metcalf, Ransome D. Boyden, George N. 
Hilligoss, Daniel H. Clymer, Janies Reeder, Janies E. 
Powell, Lnther C. Harman and Abner W. Ross. 

“H” Company was recruited in Huntington county from 
the townships of Jackson, Union, Huntington and Dallas. 
William O. Jones, William McGinness and John B. Collins 
were instrumental in raising the Company. On August 6th, 
at Wabash, these men were made Captain, First and Second 
Lieutenants, in the order in which their names here appear. 
The non-commissioned officers of the Company were the 
following: Orderly Sergeant, William M. Wilkerson; Ser- 

geants, William Riley, Edmund B. Hays, Abner A. Kelsey, 
Atchison Smith; Corporals, Sylvester Strock, Peter Mulrine, 
John Kincade, George W. Iler, John Bunnel, Jonathan L. 
Wilkerson, Hayman Kliugel and Doctor F. Fultz. 




CAPTAIN MAH LON H. FLOYD. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



17 



“I” Company was raised in Hamilton county, principally 
by Malilon H. Floyd, who had been commissioned by Gov- 
ernor Morton, as Second Lieutenant, for the purpose. “War 
meetings” were held in the northern, southern and eastern 
parts of the county. Thomas J. Peed and James W. 
Richardson recruited quite large squads of men in the vicinity 
of Strawtown and Clarksville. Nehemiah Brooks obtained 
some men for the Company at Walpole. The men came from 
the townships of Wayne, White River, Fall Creek and Jack- 
son. On the 5th day of August the Company was organized 
at Noblesville, by the election of Mahlon H. Floyd, Thomas 
J. Peed and James W. Richardson, as Captain, First and 
Second Lieutenants in the order named. Though he received 
a commission as Major, Captain Floyd remained with his 
Company to the close of the war. The non-commissioned offi- 
cers were Henry R. Leonard, Orderly Sergeant; Cora C. Col- 
burn, William Lee Granger, Nehemiah Brooks, and Thomas 
A. Rambo, Sergeants; Joseph Gwinn, John W. Richardson, 
David B. Floyd, Jacob Lennington, Edward Good, John 
Sperry, Edward Wood and William Reynolds, Corporals. 

“K” Company was recruited from Wells and Blackford 
counties, by Sanford R. Karnes, James A. Starbuck, Uriah 
Todd, William B. Miller and John Ryan. The Company 
was organized, August 8th, at Bluffton, by the election of 
Sanford R. Karnes, as Captain, and James A. Starbuck as 
First Lieutenant. The election of a Second Lieutenant was 
deferred until the Company arrived at Wabash. The vacancy 
was there filled on the 10th, by placing Uriah Todd in the 
position. This Company had only one Captain and one 
First Lieutenant during its term of service. The non-com- 
missioned officers comprised the following: Benjamin F. 
Wiley, Orderly Sergeant; Jacob V. Kenagy, John Ryan, 
Samuel Buckmaster, John T. Cartwright, Sergeants; Levi R. 
Routh, William B. Miller, Levi Keagle, Charles Mority, 
Calvin W. Beardsley, James W. Spake, Francis N. Kellogg 
and Adam Haines, Corporals. 



1 8 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

As soon as the organization of the respective Companies 
was completed, they proceeded to Wabash, where they were 
organized into the Regiment. The camp of rendezvous 
embraced four or five acres of timbered ground on the side 
of a hill, which gradually descended to beautiful springs at 
the bottom. It was a half mile south of Wabash, on the 
south bank of the river, along the turnpike leading to 
Mount Vernon. It was owned at the time by Mr. Allen W. 
Smith. 

By August ioth, all the Companies had arrived. March- 
ing orders came on the morning of the 18th. The Regiment 
was to proceed to Indianapolis for muster into the United 
States service. The bustle of preparation was mingled with 
the farewell of loved ones. Tong before the hour of departure, 
the men sang patriotic songs of joyfulness. About seven 
o’clock the Regiment marched to the depot, where box-cars 
were waiting to convey us to the place of muster. An im- 
mense crowd gathered to see us off.. When we were “all 
aboard,” passing out of the depot, we were greeted with 
shouts of good cheer by the assembled citizens. 

Our route to the State Capital was via Peru and Indian- 
apolis Railway, through Howard, Tipton and Hamilton 
counties, which furnished Companies B, C, D, and I, of the 
Regiment, and of course, many of the men of these Com- 
panies passed through their homes, which they had left only 
a few days before. 

The eagerness on the part of the citizens along the route 
“to greet and welcome the boys,” who were on their way to 
the seat of war, was unprecedented. At every home — how- 
ever humble — the windows and housetops were decorated 
with the flag of the Nation. Relatives, friends and ac- 
quaintances laid aside the duties of the day, and resorted to 
the towns and depots along the way. They were deter- 
mined to give the defenders of their homes and firesides, a 
good send-off. Men, women and children by the thousands 
congregated at Kokomo, Tipton, and Noblesville with bas- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 19 

kets of provisions, with which they fed the soldiers. In 
some instances, mementos were presented to the men, who 
carried them to the Southern camps and battle-fields, and 
a few of these mementos found their way into Southern 
prisons. 

There was a peculiar vein of sadness running through all 
this joy. Aged parents, with tearful eyes, bending over their 
young sons, and bidding them, with a “God bless you,” go 
into the tented field to expose their lives for their country, 
was a peculiarly sad expression of attachment for both the 
sons and the Nation. Many of these “boys in blue” for the 
last time looked cheerily into the eyes, grasped the hands, 
and impressed the kiss of affection upon the cheeks of parents, 
wives, sisters and sweethearts. The scene, however, was a 
cloud in the midst of sunshine, which soon disappeared. 

The Regiment arrived in Indianapolis on the evening of 
the same day. We encamped for the night in the great Union 
depot at the foot of Meridian street. In the morning, we 
marched to Camp Carrington, where on the same day — 
August 19th, 1862 — the Regiment, with a total strength of 
1,000 officers and men, was mustered into the service of the 
United States for a period of three years. 

The Honorable John U. Pettit, of Wabash, was mustered 
as the Colonel of the Regiment on the 19th of August, and 
resigned October 24th — two months later. Colonel Pettit did 
not go to the front with the Regiment. He was a cultured 
gentleman, a good lawyer, and a brilliant orator; but he had 
no taste for the military life. He came to the Regiment be- 
fore we took our final departure from Louisville, but not to 
assume command. The command of the Regiment devolved 
upon Lieutenant Colonel William O’Brien. 

On the same evening of the muster, the Regiment was 
formed into line and marched to the State Arsenal. As each 
enlisted man presented himself at a small window of the 
Arsenal, there were delivered to him a Springfield rifle and a 
cartridge box. The Regiment was armed with this excellent 



20 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

gun throughout its term of service. Three years afterwards, 
the writer returned, through the little window, the same gun 
delivered to him on that August evening in 1862. 

During the few days of our encampment in Camp Carring- 
ton, the photographers of the city were driving a good trade 
by taking the pictures of the new-fledged soldiers of the Regi- 
ment dressed in their military accoutrements and arms. 




SERGEANT DAVID B. FEOYD, 

Author of this History, in his 17th year; born March 15th, 1846. 



These relics — the pictures — of a long ago period, wherever 
they have been preserved, are curiosities, as well as heir- 
looms. 

During the summer of 1862, Major General D. C. Buell 
concentrated his army in and around Huntsville, Alabama, 
with a view of making an aggressive movement against 
Chattanooga, Tenn. He repaired the railroads in his rear. 
He built stockades and manned them with small detachments 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 21 

of troops. By these, in conjunction with his small cavalry 
force, he undertook to defend the lines of four hundred miles 
of railroads and numerous river bridges in his rear. 

But he had to grapple with innumerable difficulties. Those 
two bold and daring Confederate raiders, John H. Morgan 
and Nathan B. Forrest, with their superior cavalry, repeat- 
edly rode around his rear, and cut his line of communication. 

At this time Kentucky was in a deplorable condition. 
Bands of guerrillas and recruiting parties were overrunning 
the State and thereby rendering helpless the civil and mili- 
tary authorities. General Braxton Bragg was concentrating 
a Confederate army at Chattanooga and at Knoxville, in 
Tennessee. General E. Kirby Smith was threatening the 
Cumberland Gap with a large Confederate force. Early in 
July the latter was on the move towards Central Kentucky. 
Fears were entertained of a Confederate invasion, not only 
into Kentucky, but also into the Northern States bordering 
on the Ohio river. The cities of Covington, Eouisville and 
Cincinnati were threatened. 

It was owing to these emergencies, over which he had no 
control, that General Buell’s designs of a movement against 
Chattanooga and into East Tennessee proved abortive. He 
was compelled to make a retrograde movement. Matters in- 
deed looked alarming for the interests of the Government in 
these quarters. 

The Governors of the Northwestern States were urged to 
send their quotas of new troops as fast as possible to Eouis- 
ville for the purpose of checking this threatened invasion. 
Hence all the new Regiments raised in the Northwest were 
sent to Kentucky. During the few days of camp life at 
Indianapolis, by reason of the aforesaid facts, the eagerness of 
the men of the Seventy-fifth Regiment to leave their State for 
the place where the fire of war was burning, was increased 
to almost impatience before the Regiment could be gotten 
ready to start. The desire, however, was soon gratified. 
Orders were received to take the field. On Thursday even- 



22 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

in g, August 21st, about 5.30, o’clock the Regiment boarded 
the cars at Indianapolis for Louisville. The journey was un- 
eventful, except the ovations received from the citizens of the 
towns and villages through which we passed during the early 
part of the night. As we journeyed, women and children, 
through gratitude for the services expected of us, fed us upon 
pies and cakes. We reached Louisville on the 23d, crossing 
the Ohio river at Jeffersonville about six o’clock in the morn- 
ing, and marched to Camp Oakland, just outside the southern 
limits of the city. After our knapsacks and haversacks were 
issued to us, the Regiment appeared, on the evening of the 
day of arrival, upon dress-parade for the first time. 

Louisville is situated at the falls of the Ohio river, 130 
miles below Cincinnati. Its streets are wide, well-paved 
and straight. The Seventy-fifth, which was among the first 
new troops to arrive on the Southern soil of Louisville, made 
a fine appearance, as it marched upon the thoroughfares of 
this commercial and manufacturing city. 

Major General William Nelson had been sent in advance 
to Louisville from General Buell’s army to organize and take 
command of the new troops, as they arrived in the city. The 
Seventy-fifth Regiment had been in Camp Oakland only 
two days, when a new Department was formed (under the 
title of the “The Department of the . Ohio,”) embracing a 
geographical area of the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, 
Michigan, Wisconsin and Kentucky, east of the Tennessee 
river. Major General Horatio G. Wright was placed in com- 
mand of this Department, with headquarters at Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

After the arrival of Major General Don Carlos Buell’s 
army at Louisville, the Seventy-fifth Regiment, with its 
Division, was assigned to the Army of the Ohio, under the 
general supervision of General Buell. 

While at Louisville, a little blue-eyed, brown-haired and 
beardless boy came to our Regiment. He was dressed in the 
uniform of a soldier. He gave a vivid account of two unsuc- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



23 



cessful attempts to become a drummer boy of a Regiment. 
At the importunity of his mother, and on account of his age 
and size, he was refused admission into the Nineteenth Indi- 
ana at Camp Morton, Indianapolis, in 1861, when the mem- 
bers of that Regiment were being mustered into the service; 
but when the Nineteenth left Camp Morton for the front, the 
little fellow was so eager to try the fortunes of war, that he 
ran away from his mother, and followed the Regiment for 
three months in Virginia, when he was taken sick with 
typhoid fever and sent to a hospital in Washington city, D. 
C. Recovering from the fever, he returned to Indianapolis. 
The Sixtieth Indiana was then guarding prisoners at the 
Capital of the State. In that Regiment the boy tried to 
enlist ; but the reasons assigned for his rejection by the 
Nineteenth Regiment, disqualified him for admission into the 
Sixtieth. However, when the Sixtieth left the State for 
Louisville, the boy, without being mustered, followed it, as a 
cymbal player in the Regimental band. Shortly after its 
arrival in Kentucky, nearly all the members of that Regi- 
ment were captured at Munfordsville, and those who escaped 
capture- — this boy with them — were returned to Louisville for 
further orders. It was under these circumstances and at this 
time, that the boy applied for admission into our Regiment 
as a drummer. Captain Bryant’s Company at that time had 
no musician. The Captain ordered a drum to be brought, 
and the boy was ordered to take it and try his skill with it. 
He demonstrated very satisfactorily to the Captain, that he 
knew how to beat a drum; and Albert B. Beneway — for that 
was his real name — was mustered into the service on Sep- 
tember 1st, 1862, under the name of Albert Walton, as the 
musician of C Company of the Seventy-fifth Regiment. He 
assumed the name of “Al. Walton” to escape detection by 
his friends. At the time of muster his age was 15 years, 7 
months and 7 days, and by actual measurement his height 
was four feet and seven inches. He was certainly the small- 
est member of the Regiment. 



24 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

The youngest member was Andrew H. Burke, the drum- 
mer of D Company. He was born May 15th, 1850, and, at 
the time of his enrollment, was a lad of 12 years old, with 
wavy auburn hair and grayish-blue eyes. On account of 
his age, he too had difficulty in obtaining muster into the 
service; but through Major McCole’s assistance, the muster- 
ing officer, General Carrington, admitted him into the Regi- 
ment. “Andy” was the musician, who, on an eventful Sun- 
day morning, before daylight, at Lebanon, Kentucky, beat 
the long roll upon his drum, which called the Regiment into 
its first line of battle. He was with us, carrying his drum at 
the head of the Regiment, through all the marches and raids 
in Kentucky and Tennessee, until we reached the town of 
Castalian Springs. Here, in December, he was taken sick 
with a scrofulous affection, on account of which, on January 
5th, 1863, he was discharged. The whirligig of time brings 
great changes. This drummer-boy in 1862, is the Governor 
of North Dakota in 1892. 



CHAPTER II. 



WITH THE FORTIETH BRIGADE, TWELFTH DIVISION, IN PUR- 
SUIT OF CONFEDERATE GENERAL JOHN H. MORGAN AT 
LEBANON — LEBANON JUNCTION — SHEPHERDSVILLE — SEV- 
ENTEENTH AND SEVENTY-SECOND INDIANA, AND NINETY- 
EIGHTH ILLINOIS REGIMENTS, AND EIGHTEENTH INDIANA 
BATTERY — RETURN TO LOUISVILLE — ELIZABETHTOWN 
MARCH — PURSUIT OF CONFEDERATE GENERAL E. KIRBY 
SMITH — BOWLING GREEN — SCOTTSVILLE — COLONEL ROBIN- 
SON — CASTALIAN SPRINGS — BATTLE OF HARTSVILLE. 

(SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER, NOVEMBER, DECEMBER, 1862.) 

Confederate cavalry, under Brigadier General John H. 
Morgan, was operating south of Louisville, threatening Bards- 
town, Elizabethtown, Shepherdsville, Lebanon and Lebanon 
Junction. Morgan had burned our commissary stores at 
Lebanon, and had committed other 
depredations in the vicinity of all 
the above-named towns. 

The Twelfth Division, just or- 
ganized out of some of the new 
Regiments of which the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana was one, was to occupy 
and defend these towns until the 
arrival of Buell’s army. The Divi- 
sion was placed under the command 
of Brigadier General Ebenezer Du- 
mont, who had already gone to Leb- 
anon with a part of the Division. 

At 3 o’clock p. m. of August 
25th, General Wright sent our Regiment with several others 
to the town of Lebanon. We arrived about 9 o’clock the 
3 (25) 




BRIG. -GEN. EBENEZER 
DUMONT, 

Commander of the 12th Division. 



26 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

same day, and lay down upon the ground with our arms in 
our hands until morning. Our camp was on the south side 
of the town, which is sixty-five miles south of Louisville, 
located on Hardin creek. We remained here until the 6th 
of September. Immediately on our arrival, General Dumont 
delivered an address to the Regiment, in which he notified 
us of the apprehensions of an attack from Morgan’s Cavalry. 
Here, in conjunction with the Seventy-second Indiana and 
Ninety-eighth Illinois Regiments, and the Eighteenth In- 
diana Battery, we formed the Fortieth Brigade of the Twelfth 
Division. Colonel Abram O. Miller of the former Regiment 
assumed the command of the Brigade. 

The Seventy-second Regiment of Indiana Volunteers was 
raised in the Eighth Congressional District of Indiana, and 
organized at Lafayette. It was mustered into the service 
on the 16th of August, 1862, and left on the following day 
for Kentucky, arriving at Lebanon with our Regiment. It 
remained here until Bragg’s invasion, when it moved with 
Buell’s army, and was continually engaged in marching 
and skirmishing with the enemy. In November, it moved 
into Tennessee, stopping for a while at Castalian Springs, 
and other places in that portion of the State. On the 8th of 
January, 1863, it arrived at Murfreesborough, and upon the 
reorganization of the Army of the Cumberland, the Regi- 
ment was ordered to be mounted and to serve as mounted 
Infantry. It made several scouts from Murfreesborough, 
and captured horses enough to mount the entire Regiment. 
The men were armed with Spencer rifles, and were a part 
of what was known as the “Wilder Lightning Brigade.” 

In the campaign against Tullahoma and Chattanooga, it 
was in the advance of the command under Thomas, and 
moved from Murfreesborough through Hoover’s Gap on the 
24th of June, where it aided in defeating the enemy and 
driving him from his position, the Regiment sustaining 
considerable loss, including the fighting Chaplain, John R. 
Eddy. In all the movements of this campaign, the Brigade 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



27 



to which the Seventy-second Regiment was attached, bore a 
conspicuous part. On the 12th of September, the Regiment 
met a Brigade of the Confederate General Pegram’s command 
at Rock Spring, Georgia, and routed it, losing one officer 
and ten men killed and a number wounded. It was engaged 
at the battle of Chickamauga, fighting the enemy for three 
days, and sustaining a severe loss. After this engagement, it 
was sent in pursuit of the Confederate General Wheeler, and 
aided in driving him out of Middle Tennessee. At Moores- 
ville, Alabama, on the 31st of November, it engaged the 
enemy, losing a number in killed and wounded. 

On December 31st, this Regiment was sent to Memphis, 
where it was attached to the cavalry command of General 
Sherman’s army, and moved with that army through Mis- 
sissippi on the Meridian campaign. During this expedition 
it covered the retreat of General Smith from Okolona. It 
then returned to Memphis, and from thence moved to Nash- 
ville. 

On March 26th, 1864, it joined the Third Brigade of the 
Second Cavalry Division. It next moved to Columbia, from 
whence it started on the Atlanta campaign on April 30th. 
From that time until the last of August, the Regiment was 
continually engaged with the Confederates, and after the cap- 
ture of Atlanta, it was engaged in a great many skirmishes. 
When Sherman began his march to the sea, the horses of the 
Seventy-second Indiana were turned over to Kilpatrick’s 
Cavalry Division, and the Regiment was ordered to Louis- 
ville to be remounted. 

On December 28th, this Regiment moved to Gravelly 
Spring, Alabama, from whence it marched with Wilson’s 
cavalry expedition, which resulted in the capture of Selma 
and Montgomery, Alabama, and Columbus and Macon, Ga.. 
with over 8000 prisoners, a number of pieces of artillery, and 
an immense quantity of supplies. At the battle of Selma, 
011 April 2d, 1865, Colonel Abram O. Miller, of the Seventy- 
second, and the gallant commander of the Brigade in which 



23 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



ti e Regiment was then serving, was severely wounded. 
After the capture of Richmond and the surrender of the Con- 
federates, Lee and Johnston, the Seventy-second Indiana was 
sent out by detachments to intercept the flight of Jefferson 
Davis, one detachment being in close pursuit of him when he 
was captured. 

On May 23d, the Regiment left Macon, Ga., for Nashville, 
Tenn., where, on June 26th, 1865, it was mustered out of the 
service. On June 29th, it reached Indianapolis, with 510 
men and 36 officers, and on the next day, after partaking of a 
good dinner at the Soldiers’ Home, it marched to the Taber- 
nacle, where welcoming speeches were made by Lieut. Gov. 
Baker, General Hovey and others. The Seventy-second left 
the State with an aggregate of 978 men, and lost, during its 
term of service, 431. It was one of our most reliable Regi- 
ments. 

The Ninety-eighth Regiment of Illinois Volunteers was 
organized and mustered into the United States service at the 
town of Centralia, Marion county, Illinois, for a period of 
three years, on September 3d, 1862, with John J. Funk- 
houser as Colonel. In five days thereafter, the Regiment left 
on the O. and M. R. R. for Louisville, Kentucky. The first 
casualties of the Regiment occurred at Bridgeport, in Law- 
rence county, where the train, en route to Louisville, was 
thrown from the track by the misplacement of a switch. In 
this unfortunate accident, 83 members of the Regiment were 
killed and wounded; among the killed was Captain Kelly. 
On reaching the Ohio River, the Regiment did not immedi- 
ately cross into Louisville, but encamped at Jeffersonville, 
Indiana, until the 19th, when it removed to Shepherdsville, 
Kentucky. On the 30th, it moved to Elizabethtown, and 
thence to Frankfort, where it arrived on October 9th. On 
the nth, it went in pursuit of the Confederates to Versailles, 
returning on the 13th. With its Brigade and Division, the 
Regiment marched to Bowling Green on the 26th. On the 
10th of November it inarched to Scottsville, on the 25th to 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 29 

Gallatin, on the 28th to Castalian Springs, and on the 14th 
of December to Bledsoe Creek. 

When the Seventeenth Indiana joined the Brigade, Colonel 
John T. Wilder of that Regiment superseded Colonel Miller 
in the command of the Brigade, and, on December 26th, the 
Ninety-eighth Illinois began a northward march in pursuit 
of the Confederates under General John H. Morgan. 

On January 2d, 1863, the Regiment marched to Cave City, 
and on the 4th, moved to Nashville, Tennessee, and thence, 
on the 6th, to Murfreesborough. Here the Brigade, in which 
the Regiment served, was changed to the First, and the Div- 
ision to the Fifth. Here the Regiment did arduous scouting 
duty for several months. 

O11 March 8th, the Ninety-eighth Regiment was ordered 
to be mounted, and during the winter and spring, about 
half of the Regiment had obtained horses. Shortly after- 
wards the whole Brigade was mounted. The One hundred 
and twenty-third Illinois took the place of the Seventy-fifth 
Indiana in the Brigade. 

On April 1st, the Regiment went upon a scouting expedi- 
tion of eight days’ duration, passing through Rome, Lebanon 
and Snow Hill. On the 13th, it moved to Lavergne and 
Franklin, and 011 the 20th, it moved to McMinnville, where 
it helped to destroy a cotton factory, and capture a railroad 
train. On the 27th, it moved to Lebanon, and captured a 
large number of horses and mules. 

On May 25th, the Ninety-eighth made a reconnaissance 
from Murfreesborough, and drove the enemy’s pickets to a 
considerable distance, killing two and wounding four of 
them. O11 June 4th, armed with Spencer repeating rifles, 
the Regiment attacked the First Kentucky and Eleventh 
Texas Confederate Cavalry on the Liberty road, and cap- 
tured twenty prisoners ard five wagons. On the 10th, it 
attacked the enemy at Liberty, and drove his rear-guard to 
Snow Hill. 

The Regiment was in the battle of Hoover’s Gap, on June 



30 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



24th, and fought on the right flank of its Brigade, losing one 
inan killed and five men wounded. It helped to cut the rail- 
road at Decherd’s Station on the 28th, driving the enemy 
from the stockades. From July 1st to August 16th, the Reg- 
iment was in the vicinity of Wartrace and Decherd’s Station, 
when it captured more than one thousand horses and mules. 
From this place it moved over the Cumberland Mountains 
and Waldron’s Ridge to Poe’s tavern. 

O11 September 9th, the Regiment forded the Tennessee 
River and moved in advance of Crittenden’s Corps toward 
Ringgold. On the nth, it moved to Tunnel Hill, skir- 
mishing with the enemy, and, on the 14th, it moved to Ste- 
ven’s Gap, 011 the 17th to Alexander’s Bridge, across the 
Chickamauga, and 011 the 18th entered the battle of Cliicka- 
mauga. The Ninety-eighth did excellent service in this 
battle, losing five killed and thirty-six wounded, among 
whom was its Colonel. The Regiment then joined General 
Crook’s command in pursuit of the Confederates under 
Wheeler, and was in the battle of Farmington. On the 28th 
of December, it had a skirmish with Wheeler, and on Febru- 
ary 23d, 1864, it was engaged at Buzzard’s Roost, losing 
twelve men wounded. The Regiment moved with Sher- 
man’s Army against Atlanta, acting with the Cavalry, under 
General Kenner Gerrard. On July 5th, Colonel Funkhouser 
resigned and Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Kitchell assumed 
command of the Regiment. 

After the capitulation of Atlanta, the Ninety-eighth Regi- 
ment was engaged in watching the movements of Hood’s 
Army on its invasion into Tennessee. On the 1st of Novem- 
ber, it turned over its horses and equipments to Kilpatrick’s 
Cavalry, and moved to Chattanooga, Nashville and Louis- 
ville, where it lay in camp until the close of the year, waiting 
for horses and equipments. 

On January 12th, 1865, the Ninety-eighth Regiment 
marched south again, and joined the Cavalry Division under 
General Wilson, participating in the battle of Selma, Ala- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 31 

bama, on April 2d, in which action the Regiment lost eleven 
killed and twenty-seven wounded. 

The Ninety-eighth Regiment of Illinois Volunteers as- 
sisted in the capture of Macon, Ga., where four brass cannon 
had been buried and marked with head and foot boards, as 
deceased soldiers, who died with small-pox. One of these 
guns was given to the Ninety-eighth, who presented it to the 
State of Illinois. 

The recruits of the Ninety-eighth were transferred to the 
Sixty-first Illinois Regiment on June 28th, 1865. 

O11 June 27th, 1865, the Regiment was mustered out at 
Nashville, Tennessee, .and sent to Springfield, Illinois, where 
it received final payment and was discharged, July 7th. 

This Regiment did good service during its connection with 
the Cavalry. It had some very fine and brave officers and 
men. 

The Eighteenth Indiana Battery of Light Artillery was 
organized at Indianapolis and mustered into the U. S. service, 
August 24th, 1862, with Eli Lilly as Captain. Shortly after 
its muster, the Battery, with a strength of one hundred and 
fifty-one officers and men, moved to Louisville, Kentucky, 
and was assigned to the Fortieth Brigade (ours) and Twelfth 
Division. It was in the movement with us against E. Kirby 
Smith at Frankfort, Kentucky, and from thence to Bowling 
Green, Kentucky, and Gallatin and Murfreesborough, Ten- 
nessee. In the forward movement on June 24th, 1863, from 
Murfreesborough, this Battery, belonging then to Wilder’s 
Brigade, did excellent service in helping to drive the Con- 
federate forces out of Hoover’s Gap. It marched with its 
Brigade to Manchester, and Decherd’s Station in Tennessee, 
and on x\ugust 16th, moved with the army across the Cum- 
berland Mountains, and reached Chattanooga soon after its 
abandonment by the Confederates. It was in the battle of 
Chickamauga, where it mowed the enemy down with terrible 
effect. 

On October 1st, the Battery moved with General Crook’s 



32 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

command in pursuit of the Confederate General Wheeler 
down the Sequatchie Valley, whom it helped to rout at 
Thompson’s Cove. On October 4th, the Battery had a sharp 
fight with the enemy at McMinnville, where it killed one 
man and four horses of the enemy with one shot. It was 
also in the expedition for the relief of Burnside at Knoxville, 
and was with Sherman on the Atlanta campaign, and was 
engaged at Resaca, Cassville, Lost Mountain and West 
Point. Upon Hood’s invasion of Tennessee, the Battery 
marched in pursuit to Nashville, from thence to Hopkins- 
ville, Kentucky, where it had an engagement with the en- 
emy. It was in the expedition of General Wilson through 
Alabama and Georgia, participating in the battle of Selma, 
Alabama, where Lieutenant Miller of the Battery was killed, 
April 2d, 1865. After this engagement, it marched to Chat- 
tanooga and Nashville. It left Nashville on June 23d for 
Indianapolis, where it was mustered out on the 30th. 

In April, 1864, Captain Lilly was promoted Major of the 
Ninth Indiana Cavalry, and Lieutenant Moses M. Beck was 
promoted to the Captaincy of the Battery. 

During its term of service, the Eighteenth Indiana Battery 
marched over 5000 miles, and was transported by railroad 
over 1000 miles. I11 addition to its original number, the 
Battery received 40 recruits and 65 members of the Eleventh 
Indiana Battery, whose term of service had not expired. It 
lost 32 officers and men in killed and by death of disease. 
26 men were discharged on account of disability. It re- 
turned to Indiana with 3 officers and 180 men. The Eight- 
eenth was one of Indiana’s best Batteries. 

The following are the troops of the Twelfth Division and 
their commanders: 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



33 



TWELFTH DIVISION.* 
Brig. Gen. Ebenezer Dumont. 



Thirty-eighth Brigade. 

Col. Marshaee W. Chapin. 
129th Illinois, Col. George P. Smith. 
23d Michigan, Maj. Benjamin F. 
Fisher. 

I02d Ohio, Col. William Given, 
mth Ohio, Col. John R. Bond. 

Thirty-ninth Brigade . 

Col. George T. Limberg. 

78th Illinois, Col. William H. Ben- 
neson. 

104th Illinois, Col Absalcm B. Mcore, 
io6thOhio, Lieut. Col.GustavusTafel. 
108th Ohio, Leut. Col. Fred’k W. 
Elbreg. 



Fortieth Brigade. 

, Col. Abram O. Mieeer. 

98th Illinois, Col. John J. Funk- 
houser. 

72d Indiana, Lieut. Col. Samuel C. 
Kirkpatrick. 

75th Indiana, Lieut. Col. William 
O’Brien. 

Ward's Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. Wieeiam T. Ward. 
io2d Illinois, Col. William McMur- 
trie. 

105th Illinois, Col. Daniel Dustin. 
79th Ohio, Lieut. Col. Azariah W. 
Doan . 



Artillery. 

Illinois Light, Stokes’ Battery, Capt. James H. Stokes. 
Indiana Light, 13th Battery, Capt. Benjamin S. Nicklin. 
Indiana Light, 18th Battery, Capt. Eli Lilly. 

Cavalry. 

4th Indiana (five Companies), Maj. Warren Horr. 



The following is Morgan’s Confederate Cavalry Brigade, 
against which the Twelfth Division was operating: 

Second Cavalry Brigade (Confederate). 

(Ou the line of Kentucky and Tennessee.) 

Col. John H. Morgan. 

2d Kentucky Cavalry, Col. Basil W. Duke. 

7th Kentucky Cavalry, Col. R. M. Gano. 

8th Kentucky Cavalry, Col. R. S. Cluke. 
nth Kentucky Cavalry, Col. D. W. Chenault. 

Kentucky Battalion, Lieut. Col. W. C. P. Breckinridge. 
Arnett’s Kentucky Howitzer Battery. 

* As reported September 30th, 1862. 



34 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

The Seventy-fifth Regiment formed its first line of battle 
at Lebanon. We were frequently placed in this position 
here with the expectation of an attack. We were drilled 
often, guard and picket duty was daily performed, and 
frequent “scares” occurred. # 

The Cavalry arm of service was greatly needed at Leba- 
non. General Dumont, in one of his telegrams from this 
place to General Wright, said: “The Cavalry, which has 

rendezvoused at this place to be mustered into the service, is 
wholly without transportation. It is utterly without discip- 
line” (he had not reference to the five Companies of the 
Fourth Indiana Cavalry under Major Horr), “and disturb- 
ances are very frequent. I consider myself wholly without 
Cavalry, though it is- here, and beg, if it is possible, that some 
Cavalry be sent forward.” In another dispatch the General 
says: “The troops have seen no service and cannot be re- 
garded as efficient troops — officers or men. I notify you of 
the condition of things, hoping that you may send forward 
some officers and men, that have seen service, without delay.” 

Kentucky was not only noted for beautiful women, brave 
men, fine horses, and good whisky; but also for fine horse- 
men. Morgan and his troopers were experienced riders, 
mounted on the famous thoroughbreds of the blue-grass re- 
gion. Being Kentuckians themselves, they knew every foot 
of ground over which they audaciously rode. 

Infantry Regiments of a few weeks’ service, in a strange 
country, inefficient by reason of a lack of experience, equip- 
ment and discipline, were not able to catch these bold raiders 
under Morgan on their own territory. Instead of troops, 
axes, shovels and spades were sent us, with which we built 
fortifications. In some instances, for defense, we cut down 
fruit and ornamental trees out of which breastworks were 
constructed. Instead of the Cavalry being sent us, Dumont 
was authorized to impress horses into the service, and 
mount his Infantry Regiments. In this way we proved our 
ability to prevent Morgan from cutting the railroads, and 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



35 



burning the bridges at that time and place — all that was ex- 
pected of us. 

While encamped at Lebanon, Company I of the Seventy- 
fifth under Captain M. H. Floyd, and Company A of the 
Sixty-eighth under Captain John S. Scobey, and Company 
B of the Seventy-second — all three Companies under com- 
mand of Captain H. M. Carr of the Seventy -second, the 
senior Captain — from the above Indiana Regiments, were 
sent at night to Muldraugli’s Hill to intercept a detachment 
of Morgan’s Cavalry, which had passed that point a few hours 
before and burnt the bridge. It was supposed they would 
return the same way they went. The Companies were there 
a whole day, in a good position, but Morgan’s Cavalry did 

not put in an appearance. 14001 73 

On account of our good position, we were anxious for the 
Confederate Cavalry to come, that we might capture them. 
Some of the men, in the meantime, discovered a cellar stored 
with Bourbon whisky, to which they helped themselves. 
Then on account of our bad condition, we were afraid the 
Confederate Cavalry would come and capture us. A detail of 
men (among whom was the writer), under Lieutenant Rich- 
ardson, was sent to take possession of the liquor and destroy 
it. We found the owner of the spirits, and interviewed him 
concerning it. To the Lieutenant, he replied: “I hain’t got 
nary drap. Them Confeds dun tuck it, every darned bit.” 
But the Lieutenant was not to be fooled. He had ocular de- 
monstrations around him that “ tangle-foot ” was about. 
He sent his men into the cellar, and they knocked in the heads 
of the barrels, and the liquor ran out. This was the writer’s 
first experience in a temperance crusade. 

Here at Lebanon, on September 6th, Henry Myers of 
Company C — the first man in the Regiment to die of disease 
— was buried. 

On the 5th of September, Gen. Dumont was ordered to 
move his Division cautiously and rapidly to Louisville, and 
report to General Gilbert. General Wright was concentrat- 



36 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

\ 

ing the forces under his command at that point. The Sev- 
enty-fifth Regiment, however, did not leave Lebanon until 
the next day, and did not arrive at Louisville until the even- 
ing of the 23d. The Regiment formed the rear guard, to 
protect the other Regiments of the Division on their way to 
Louisville. We alternated between Lebanon Junction and 
Shepherdsville from the 6th to the 22d. During this time the 
long roll was beat very frequently, and we were almost hourly 
expecting an attack from Morgan. The Confederate Cavalry 
was near enough to our pickets, at times during the night, 
for the sounds of the hoofs of their horses upon the limestone 
pikes to be distinctly heard. 

O11 the 1 8th, half of the Regiment was sent as a reinforce- 
ment to Munfordsville, while the other half stood in line of 
battle until their return. We were in imminent danger of 
capture by Morgan’s larger force. We spent two Sabbath 
days — the 15th and 22d — at these points, and in the midst of 
our danger, the Chaplains, Boyden of the Seventy fifth Indi- 
ana, and Baylis, of the Sixteenth Kentucky Regiments, held 
worship. These days, doubtless, dated the enrollment of 
some of the men under the peaceful banner of the Cross. 
Most of the nights we slept upon our arms. In the early 
morning from 3 o’clock, until the light of day, we stood in 
line of battle. Though we were not actually attacked, the 
discipline taught 11s to be on the alert at all times, and, 
doubtless enabled us to prevent capture on more occasions 
than this one. In the evening of the 22d, our pickets near 
Shepherdsville were attacked, and our Cavalry was imme- 
diately sent to their relief, which succeeded in capturing 
thirty-five Confederates and some horses, after killing one 
Confederate and wounding four or five others. 

On the afternoon of the 23d, the Regiment boarded the cars 
for Louisville, and arrived in the evening at 7 o’clock. We 
encamped between Louisville and Portland, along the rail- 
road running between these points. Here also we were or- 
dered up every morning, for several days in succession, at 3 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 37 

o’clock, to stand in line of battle until daylight. During the 
morning of the 27th, the Regiment was sent five miles out 
the Nashville pike on the picket line. During the two days 
we were out, Buell’s troops were passing in a go-as-you- 
please fashion on their way to Louisville. 

Here, on the 27th, Quartermaster Cowgill resigned, and 
Sergeant William A. Wainwright, of Company D, was pro- 
moted to the vacancy. During the absence of the Regiment 
on picket, the Fortieth Brigade moved to the eastern section 
of the city, about eight miles from our picket post, where we 
found it in the evening of the 28th, when relieved from 
picket duty. 

On the morning of the 29th, the whole city was thrown into 
excitement by the tragic death at the Galt House of General 
William Nelson, from a revolver in the hands of General Jeff. 
C. Davis. Nelson was the officer to whom the Seventy-fifth 
Regiment reported on its arrival for the first time in Louis- 
ville, and by whom it was organized with other Regiments 
into the Fortieth Brigade of the Twelfth Division. During 
the last year of the war, Davis commanded the Fourteenth 
Corps, in which the Regiment served. 

Buell’s army had now arrived. The members of the Sev- 
enty-fifth Regiment had many acquaintances among his vet- 
erans — in the Thirty-ninth, Fifty-seventh and other Indiana 
Regiments. 

September 30th, Brigadier General Robert S. Granger su- 
perseded Colonel A. O. Miller in the command of our Brigade, 
the latter assuming command of his Regiment, the Seventy- 
second Indiana. On the very day Granger formally assumed 
command, the Brigade received marching orders to go to 
Elizabethtown. We marched to a point below New Albany, 
Indiana, where we embarked on boats, and descended the 
river to West Point, arriving there at 10 o’clock p. 111. We 
debarked and encamped for the night. In the morning, 
October 1st, we began our first march in the direction of 
Elizabethtown. The purpose of this march was the protec- 
tion of Buell’s wagon train, which had not yet gotten up. 



38 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



This march of the Seventy- fifth Regiment, of only eighteen 
miles, towards Elizabethtown, which we did not reach, was 
very trying to men making their first march. It was the 
more laborious from the impression under which all new 
soldiers labor, that they must lug along as much as they can 
load on their backs. Though the march was made on an 
October morning, the sun in that climate shone intensely 
warm. Water was a scarce article. It was hauled for miles 
and emptied into barrels for the use of the citizens. For fear 
his Brigade, carrying guns and full knapsacks, with pockets 
as well as cartridge-boxes full of cartridges, marching on a 
warm day, “in a dry and thirsty land where no water is,” 
might drink too much water, General Granger ordered these 
barrels to be emptied of the water! Chafing under this un- 
necessary cruelty of treatment, many of the tired, thirsty, 
footsore men of the Regiment gave vent to their feelings in 
language more forcible than pious. Lieutenant, afterwards 
Captain Poison, in his accurate diary, next morning made 
this entry: “One of my feet is blistered, but I had a good 
night’s rest.” 

The Regiment marched ten miles on the 2d, eighteen on the 
3d, and twenty on the 4th. We returned to Louisville about 
11 o’clock on the morning of the 5th, with Buell’s train, 
numbering about two thousand wagons. 

Two Confederate armies at this time had concentrated 
south and east of Louisville, in supporting distances of each 
other. They were commanded by Gens. Braxton Bragg and 
E. Kirby Smith. Bragg’s army lay at Bardstown and 
Smith’s at Frankfort. In case of an advance of the National 
army, it became necessary to send a force against both Con- 
federate armies, so as to prevent, if possible, a junction of 
the two. Two full Divisions were required to operate against 
Smith, whilst the rest of the army moved against Bragg. 
The Second Division, composed mostly of experienced 
troops, and the Twelfth Division, not yet assigned to any 
Corps, the former under command of Brig. -Gen. Joshua W. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



.39 



Sill, and the latter commanded by Brig.-Gen. E. Dumont, 
were selected to operate against Frankfort. Probably it 
would have been unwise to have selected for this purpose two 
Divisions of old troops out of the army to operate against 
Smith. Whatever may have been the reasons for assigning 
these two Divisions to operate against E. Kirby Smith, they 
accomplished all that was expected of them — they prevented 
Smith from joining Bragg. This movement, however, de- 
prived the Seventy-fifth Regiment from a participation in 
the battle of Perryville. 

The following are the Divisions of Sill and Dumont, as 
they were composed at the time ‘of the Frankfort expedition: 



SECOND DIVISION. 
Brig.-Gen. Joshua W. SiEE. 



Fourth Brigade. 

Col. Harvey M. Buckeey. 

6th Indiana, Lieut. Col. Hagerman 
Tripp. 

5U1 Kentucky, Lieut. Col. William 
W. Berry. 

ist Ohio, Col. Edwin A. Parrott. 

93d Ohio, Col. Charles Anderson. 
15th U. S., Maj. John H. King. 

16th U. S., Maj. Adam J. Slemmer. 
19th U. S., Maj. Stephen D. Carpen- 
ter. 

Fifth Brigade. 

Col. Edward N. Kirk. 

34th Illinois, Lieut. Col. Hiram W. 
Bristol. 

79th Illinois, Col. Lyman Guinnip. 
29th Indiana, Lieut. Col. David M. 
Dunn. 

30th Indiana, Col. Joseph B. Dodge. 
77th Pennsylvania, Col. Frederick S. 
Stumbach. 

9th Kentucky Cavalry (detachment), 
Col. Richard T. Jacob. 



Sixth Brigade. 

Col. Wieeiam H. Gibson. 

89th Illinois, Lieut. Col. Charles T. 
Hotchkiss. 

32d Indiana, Col. Henry von Trebra. 
39th Indiana, Lieut. Col. Fielder A. 
Jones. 

15th Ohio, Col. Moses R. Dickey. 
49th Ohio, Maj. Levi Drake. 

Artillery. 

ist Ohio Light, Battery A, Capt. 

Wilber F. Goodspeed. 
ist Ohio Light, Battery E, Capt. 

Warren P. Edgarton. 

5th U. S., Battery H, Lieut. Francis 
L. Guenther. 

Unattached. 

3d Indiana Cavalry, Companies G, 
H, I, and K, Maj. Robert 
Klein. 

ist Michigan Engineers and Me- 
chanics, Companies D, F, 
and G, Lieut. Col. Kinsman 
A. Huntou. 



40 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



TWELFTH DIVISION.* 
Brig. Gen. Ebenezer Dumont. 



Thirty-eighth Brigade . 

Col. Marshal W. Chapin. 
129th Illinois, Col. George P. Smith. 
23d Michigan, Maj. Benjamin F. 
Fisher. 

io2d Ohio, Col. William Given. 

1 nth Ohio, Lieut. Col. Benj. W. 
Johnson. 

Thirty-ninth Brigade. 

Col. George T. Limberg. 

104th Illinois, Col. Absalom B. Moore. 
106th Ohio, Col. Gustavus Tafel. 
108th Ohio* Maj. Jacob A. Egly. 



Fortieth Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. Robert S. Granger. 
98th Illinois, Col. John J. Funk- 
houser. 

72d Indiana, Col. Abram O. Miller. 
75th Indiana, Lieut. Col. William 
O’Brien. 

Ward's Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. Wieeiam T. Ward. 

io2d Illinois, Col. William McMur- 
trie. 

105th Illinois, Col. Daniel Dustin. 
79th Ohio, Col. Azariah W. Doan. 



Artillery. 

Chicago Board of Trade Battery, Capt. James H. Stokes. 
13th Indiana Battery, Capt. Benjamin S. Nicklin. 

18th Indiana Battery, Capt. Eli Lilly. 



The following are the troops of E. Kirby Smith (Confed- 
erate), whom the Divisions of Sill and Dumont prevented 
from uniting with Bragg. 



Reorganisation of the troops under command of Lieut. Gen. 
E. Kirby Smith. 

[About October 31, 1862.] 

FIRST DIVISION. 



Maj. Gen. C. 1 
First Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. S. M. Barton. 

30th Alabama, Col. C. M. Shelley. 
31st Alabama, Col. D. R. Hundley. 
40th Georgia, Col. A. Johnson. 

52d Georgia, Col. W. Boyd. 

9th Georgia Battalion, Maj. Joseph 
T. Smith. 

Anderson’s Battery, Capt. J. W. An- 
derson. 



,. Stevenson. 

Second Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. James E. Rains. 

4th Tennessee, Col. J. A. McMurry. 
nth Tennessee, Col. G. W. Gordon. 
29th North Carolina, Col. R. B.Vance. 
42d Georgia, Col. R. J. Henderson. 
3d Georgia Battalion, Lieut. Col. 
M. A. Stovall. 

Eufaula Artillery, Capt. W. A. Me* 
Tyer. 



* As reported October 12th, 1862. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



4i 



Third Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Taylor. 

36th Georgia, Col. J. A. Glenn. 

39th Georgia, Col. J. T. McConnell. 

54th [57th] Georgia, Col. William Barkuloo. 

56th Georgia, Col. E. P. Watkins. 

59th [34th] Georgia, Col. J. A. W. Johnson. 
Cherokee Artillery, Capt. Max. Van Den Corput. 

SECOND DIVISION. 



Maj.-Gen. J. 
First Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. E. D. Tracy. 

20th Alabama, Col. I. W. Garrott. 

23d Alabama, Col. E. K. Beck. 

46th Alabama, Col. M. L. Woods. 

43d Georgia, Col. Skidmore Harris. 
Waddell’s Artillery, Capt. J. F. Wad- 
dell. 

Second Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. M. D. Ector. 

10th Texas Dismounted Cavalry, Col. 
C. R. Earp. 

nth Texas Dismounted Cavalry, Col. 
J. C. Burks. 

14th Texas Dismounted Cavalry, Col. 
A. Harris. 

15th Texas Dismounted Cavalry, Col. 
J. A. Weaver. 

Douglas’ Artillery, Capt. J. P. Doug- 
las. 



P. McCown. 

Third Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. E. McNair. 

4th Arkansas, Col. H. G. Bunn. 

30th Arkansas, Col. C. J. Turnbull. 
31st Arkansas, Col. T. H. McCray. 
4th Arkansas Battalion, Major Ross. 
1st Arkansas Dismounted Rifles, 
Col. R. W. Harper. 

2d Arkansas Dismounted Rifles, 
Col. J. A. Williamson. 
Humphreys’ Battery, Capt. J. T. 
Humphreys. 

Fourth — Hilliard's Legion. 

Col. A. H. Bradford. 

1st Alabama Battalion, Lieut. Col. 
J. Thorington. 

2d Alabama Battalion, Lieut. Col. 
B. Hall, jr. 

3d Alabama Battalion, Lieut. Col. 
J. W. A. Sanford. 

4th Alabama Battalion, Lieut. Col. 
W. N. Reeves. 

Kolb’s Artillery, Capt. R. F. Kolb. 



THIRD DIVISION. 
Brig. Gen. Henry Heth. 



First Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. W. G. M. Davis. 

1 st Florida Dismounted Cavalry, Col. 

G. T. Maxwell. 

6th Florida, Col. J. J. Finley. 

7th Florida, Col. M. S. Perry. 

4 



Marion Artillery, Capt. J. M. Martin. 
Second Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. A. Gracie, Jr. 

43d Alabama, Col. Y. M. Moody. 
55th Georgia, Col. C. B. Harkie. 

58th North Carolina, Col. J. B. Palmer. 



42 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



62d North Carolina, Col. R. G. A. 
Love. 

64th North Carolina, Col. L.M. Allen. 
Newnan Artillery, Capt. G. M. Han- 
vey. 

Third — Smith's Legion. 

Col. Sumner J. Smith. 
Battalion Georgia Cavalry, Lieut. Col. 
J. R. Hart. 

Battalion Georgia Volunteers, Col. 
John S. Fain. 



Fourth Brigade. 

Col. A. W. Reynolds. 

3d Tennessee, Col. N. J. Lillard. 
31st Tennessee, Col. W. M. Bradford. 
[59th] Tennessee, Col. J. B. Cooke. 
43d Tennessee, Col. J. W. Gillespie. 
39th North Carolina, Col. D. Cole- 
man. 

3d Maryland Battery, Capt. H. B. 
Latrobe. 



63d Tennessee, Col. R. G. Fain. 

Regiment North Carolina Volunteers, Col. W. H. Thomas. 



First Cavalry Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan. 

2d Kentucky, Col. B. W. Duke. 

7th Kentucky, Col. R. M. Gano. 

8th Kentucky, Col. R. S. Cluke. 
nth Kentucky, Col. D. W. Chenault. 
9th Kentucky Battalion, Maj. W. C. 
P. Breckinridge. 

Howitzer Battery, Captain Arnett. 

Second Cavalry Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. John Pegram. 

1st Tennessee, Col. H. M. Ashby. 

3d Tennessee, Col. J. W. Starnes. 

— Tennessee, Col. J. F. Carter. 

[3d Confederate] Col. James R. How- 
ard. 

Howitzer Battery, Capt. G. A. Hu- 
wald. 

First Section Kain’s Artillery, Lieut. 
Hugh White. 



Third Cavalry Brigade. 

Col. J. S. Scott. 

1st Georgia, Col. J. J. Morrison. 
1st Louisiana, Lieut. Col. J. O. 
Nixon. 

1 2th Tennessee Battalion, Maj. T. 
W. Adrian. 

Howitzer Battery, Captain 
Holmes. 

7th North Carolina Battalion, 
Lieut. Col. G. N. Folk. 
[16th] Tennessee Battalion, Maj. F. 
W. Rucker. 

2d [5th] Tennessee, Col. G. W. 
McKenzie. 

16th Battalion Georgia Partisans, 
Lieut. Col. F. M. Nix. 

[3d] Kentucky Cavalry, Col. J. R. 
Butler. 

Horse Artillery, Capt. W. R. 
Marshall. 



This feat of preventing a conjunction between the armies 
of Bragg and Smith was equal to the victory of a battle. 

This movement of the Second and Twelfth Divisions 
against Frankfort began about the 1st of October — Sill’s 
Division leading. General Dumont with two Batteries and 
three Brigades — Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth and Ward’s — 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



43 



preceded the Fortieth Brigade, in the advance a couple of 
days. They were in the skirmish at Clay Village with Sill’s 
Division on the 3d, in which 8 Confederates were killed and 
wounded and 13 taken prisoners. 

It was not until Monday morning, October 6th, that the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment, with three days’ rations in 
the haversacks, struck tents at Louisville, and began, at ti 
o’clock, a weary march of fifty-three miles, via Shelby ville 
pike to Kentucky’s capital. When we turned our backs upon 
the smoky chimneys of Louisville, on that October morning, 
we saw the city for the last time. A few days before we 
arrived at Frankfort, the Confederates inaugurated Richard 
Hawes as Governor of Kentucky, burnt the railroad bridge 
over the Kentucky River, otherwise destroyed the turnpike 
bridge, and then evacuated the city, retreating via Ver- 
sailles and Lawrencebnrg roads. The Regiment arrived at 
the capital by the 10th. 

The city is built on the northeast bank of the Kentucky 
River, sixty-two miles from its mouth, where it empties into 
the Ohio. It is located upon a high plain, lying between the 
river and a bluff two hundred feet high. The State peni- 
tentiary and State house, the latter a handsome structure, 
built of Kentucky marble, are the principal buildings. In a 
cemetery on a hill overlooking the city, lie, beneath two im- 
posing monuments, the remains of Daniel Boone, the pioneer 
of Kentucky, and Col. Clay, the son of Henry Clay, who was 
killed in 1847, the battle of Buena Vista, Mexico. 

On our arrival, the main Confederate force was located on 
the Versailles road. Two Brigades of the Twelfth Division — 
one of them the Fortieth — crossed the river on the nth, (the 
river being fordable at that season of the year) and pursued 
the Confederates for a considerable distance. The Seventy- 
fifth Regiment with the Fortieth Brigade continued the pur- 
suit on the Versailles road, and caught up with Smith’s 
forces at Versailles — a village about 14 miles from Frankfort. 
The other Brigade advanced on the Lawrenceburg road. 



44 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

The Artillery and the balance of the Division were stationed 
on the northeast side of the river at Frankfort. 

Our Brigade drove the Confederates out of Versailles, 
capturing 150 prisoners, whom we paroled. The prisoners 
were from Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Missouri, and Ken- 
tucky. They were shabbily dressed, many of them having 
neither coats nor shoes. To us, however, they were clothed 
with the interest of veteran soldiers. 

After the skirmishing was over, the prisoners captured and 
paroled, the balance of the Confederates on the retreat, the 
men of the Seventy-fifth Regiment, encamped just outside 
the village in an open field, sallied forth in pursuit of some- 
thing to eat. Whoever knew a Yankee soldier, that was not 
hunting for something to eat? The shortest way to his 
heart is by way of his stomach. It was late in the evening, 
and presently three hungry men of the Regiment — one of 
them a young Corporal — espied a darkey walking across a 
meadow from the direction of the town to the camp, carrying 
a waiter on his head with something on it. The olfactories 
of these three boys of the Regiment were regaled with the 
smell of fried chicken and the aroma of steaming coffee. 
They halted the darkey and inquired where he was going 
and what he had on his head. His reply was: “ Massa, I is 
totin’ de Gen’al’s suppah.” One of the trio said he was the 
general himself, and he would take the supper then and 
there. The darkey was compelled to unload his burden, and 
spread the table on the grass. The boys cleaned him out 
thoroughly and sent him back to town. It is needless to add 
that the commander of the Fortieth Brigade lost his supper 
that night. 

After pursuing the Confederates several miles on the morn- 
ing of the 12th, we encamped on the pike for the night. The 
Regiment returned to Frankfort about 11 o’clock on the 
morning of the 13th, having marched, during the two days, 
about forty miles. We remained at Frankfort until the 26th. 

There was an episode during the encampment of the Di- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 45 

vision at Frankfort, the like of which, perhaps, did not occur, 
before nor afterwards, in connection with our army. It was 
the incarceration of the commander of one of our Brigades in 
a State prison for stealing horses. The troops were “raw,” 
and without much discipline, in an enemy’s country. Many 
depredations were actually committed. Doubtless, some 
others reported were exaggerations. In some instances fine 
horses were stolen and shipped off, and some of the superior 
officers of the commands were engaged in the business. As 
soon as it was discovered, General Dumont promptly and 
severely punished the parties committing the offences, irre- 
spective of rank, as the following telegram will show : 

Frankfort, Ky., October 16, 1862. 

Coeonee Fry, Chief of Staff: 

Excesses were committed upon the first arrival of the troops ; they have 
been greatly magnified. All the troops were new and wholly undisciplined, 
and one of the brigade commanders I found encouraging his men to depre- 
date, and stealing and shipping off horses himself. Upon the discovery I 
put him into the penitentiary, and have him now in close confinement. 

I have taken and will continue to take the most prompt means to prevent 
wrong. I have found a wonderful disposition on the part of some pro- 
fessedly Union people here to complain and magnify and to extort from the 
Government — to kill the goose to get the egg. 

E. DUMONT, 

Brigadier- General. 

This message is herein given for the purpose of showing 
that thieving and the commitment of other depredations were 
not allowed in our army, even in an enemy’s country. 

After the completion of the organization and re-equipment 
of the Army of the Ohio at Louisville, General Buell, who 
was retained as the commander, with General Geo. H. 
Thomas as second in command, began the campaign against 
Bragg at Bardstown on the 1st of October. This campaign 
resulted in the battle of Perryville, Kentucky, on the 8th. 
The Union army was victorious, losing 845 killed, 2,851 
wounded, and 515 missing; Brigadier-Generals James S. 
Jackson and William R. Terrill were among the slain. The 



46 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Confederates lost ill killed about 1,300, in wounded nearly 
3,000 and in missing about 2,700. 

On the morning of October 26th, the Regiment took up 
the line of march, in company with the Division, for Bowl- 
ing Green, a village situated at the head of navigation on 
the Big Barren River, and on the Louisville and Nashville 
Railroad, one hundred and thirteen miles south of Louisville. 
The Regiment was ten days on this march — advancing from 
fifteen to eighteen miles per day, over miserable roads. We 
arrived at our destination November 4th, and remained six 
days, encamped three miles south of the town. Our sojourn 
here was uneventful, except in the vigorous drill and strict 
regulations to which we were subject by order of our new 
Department commander. 

During the progress of the march — October 30th — Major- 
General Buell was relieved of the command of the army by 
order of the War Department, and Major-General W. S. 
Rosecraus was placed in command of the Department of the 
Cumberland, and of all the troops which had previously been 
under Buell’s command. General Rosecrans formed all these 
troops into the Fourteenth Corps, Department of the Cum- 
berland, which he divided into three wings, viz.: Major- 

General A. McD. McCook was assigned to the Right wing; 
Major-General T. L. Crittenden to tire Left; and Major-Gen- 
eral Geo. H. Thomas to the Centre. Thomas’ command — 
the Centre — comprised the Divisions of Rousseau, Negley, 
Fry, Palmer and Dumont. 

This was the origin of the famous Fourteenth Army Corps. 
O11 January 9th, 1863, the Right and Left wings were 
changed into the Twentieth and Twenty-first Corps, and the 
Centre retained its organization, as the Fourteenth Corps, 
until the close of the war. 

When the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps from the Army of 
the Potomac, with their crescent and star badges, were sent 
to Chattanooga, after the battle of Chickamauga, to reinforce 
the Army of the Cumberland, General Daniel Butterfield, 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



47 



who came with these eastern troops, was asked by General 
Thomas to suggest an appropriate badge for the Fourteenth 
Corps. Butterfield replied: “If I had command of the Four- 
teenth Corps, which stood as firm as an oak at Chickamauga, 
I would give it the acorn for a badge in honor of its bravery.” 
General Thomas then said: “That is what we will do; let it 
be the acorn.” This was the origin of our Corps badge. 
The color of the badge indicated the Divisions of the Corps. 
The mark for the First Division was a red acorn, the while 
acorn for the Second, and the blue acorn for the Third, fol- 
lowing naturally the National colors. The first and greatest 
leader of the Corps was that incomparable commander, 
Major-General Geo. H. Thomas. The Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiment served in this Corps from its inception to the end 
of the war. 

Gen. Rosecrans made strenuous efforts to thoroughly dis- 
cipline the army. The following General Order, which was 
publicly read to each company of every Regiment, was 
severe, but proper, for the maintenance of good order : 

Hdqrs. Fourteenth Army Corps, 

Department of the Cumberland, 
Bowling Green , Ky., November 3, 1862. 

The following telegram has been received from the Secretary of War, and 
is published for the information of this Army : 

Washington, November 3, 1862. 

Major-General Rosecrans : 

The authority you ask, promptly to muster-out or dismiss from the service 
officers for flagrant misdemeanor and crimes, such as pillaging, drunken- 
ness, and misbehavior before the enemy or on guard duty, is essential to 
discipline, and you are authorized to exercise it. Report of the facts in each 
case should be immediately forwarded to the Department, in order to pre- 
vent improvident restoration. 

EDWIN M. STANTON, 

Secretary of War. 

The General commanding appeals to both officers and men of this army 
to aid him in bringing it to a state of discipline at least equal to that of the 
rebels. He begs them to remember that neglect of official duty, and viola- 
tion of the riedits of individuals, tarnish our national honor, destroy the 



General Orders 
No. 4. 



'} 



48 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

confidence of people in our justice, and put the greatest obstacles in the way 
of a speedy termination of this war. 

Fully satisfied that all our soldiery demands to make it the best in the 
world is to have good officers, he earnestly invokes their united exertions to 
establish a spirit of zeal and emulation in the discharge of official duties. 
He announces to them that their own honor, the honor and interests of the 
soldiers and of the service, alike demand the rigorous use of this authority, 
and that he is determined thus to exercise it. 

By command of Maj.-Gen. W. S. Rosecrans : 

ARTHUR C. DUCAT, 

Lieutenant-Colonel and Acting Chief of Staff. 

Brigadier-General Robert S. Granger was also relieved of 
the command of the Fortieth Brigade, Twelfth Division. 
Colonel Abram O. Miller, for the second time, was placed in 
command of the Brigade. The Thirty-eighth Brigade, com- 
manded by Colonel M. W. Chapin, was taken out of our 
Division at this place. 

November 10th, the Division received orders to march to 
Scottsville, the capital of an adjoining county, south of Bowl- 
ing Green, and six or eight miles from the Tennessee line. 
One of the Brigades of the Division moved out the same day 
the orders were received. The Fortieth Brigade, on the nth, 
moved at 7 a. m., marched fifteen miles and encamped. The 
night was intensely dark, Captain Floyd and Lieutenants 
Wheeler and Poison, with a hundred men — ten from each 
Company — were ordered on picket a mile in advance. There 
was unusual difficulty in making this advance through the 
woods in the dark. After marching half a day, on the 12th, 
in the rain, the Regiment arrived about noon at Scottsville, 
encamping on one of the surrounding hills. Here we re- 
mained twelve days, drilling and doing camp, guard and 
picket duties. The 23d was a beautiful Sunday. Chaplain 
Boyden endeavored to do his duty by gathering the members 
of the Regiment together for religious services. The Chap- 
lain succeeded in making the divine services unusually inter- 
esting. His discourse was peculiarly affecting. One of the 
officers said that “the day was precious to his soul,” and, 
doubtless, many others present felt the same. 



49 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 




An event of importance to the Seventy-fifth Regiment 
occurred while we lay at the town of Scottsville, in the ac- 
quisition of Colonel Milton S. Robinson, who entered upon 
the responsible duties of commander of the Regiment, No- 
vember 16th, 1862. The leadership of Lieutenant-Colonel 
William O’ Rrien from Indianapolis to Scottsville prepared the 
Regiment to appreciate the high soldierly ideas and bearing 

which Colonel Robinson 
acquired through honor- 
able service in 1861 as 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Forty-seventh Regiment. 
Hence when Colonel 
Robinson laid his hand 
upon the Regiment at 
Scottsville, he found ma- 
terial prepared for farther 
development and mould- 
ing into his ideas and 
bearing. He found men, 
whose heroic hearts, for 
the preservation of the 
country’s flag, throbbed 
in unison with his own — 
men whom he could 
justly feel proud to com- 
mand. The officers and 
enlisted men of the Regi- 
ment extended to him 
many expressions of good will, confidence and affection. 

On November 22d, General Dumont received orders to 
locate his Division at Gallatin, Castalian Springs and Harts- 
ville in Tennessee — a Brigade at each point — to guard the 
Louisville and Nashville Railroad at Gallatin, and watch the 
Cumberland River at Hartsville. Ward’s Brigade was sta- 
tioned at Gallatin — the Thirty-ninth, commanded by Colonel 



HON. MII.TON S. ROBINSON, 

3d Colonel of the 75th Indiana Regiment. 



50 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

A. B. Moore (Colonel George T. Eimberg having been re- 
lieved), was sent to Hartsville, eighteen miles from Gallatin, 
and the Fortieth Brigade was placed at Castalian Springs, 
equidistant from Gallatin and Hartsville. 

The Division began the movement on the 25th — the Forti- 
eth Brigade leading. We crossed the State line into Tennes- 
see about noon of the same day, which event was recognized 
by loud cheers from the marching troops. Having encamped 
for the night about midway between Scottsville and Gallatin, 
the Fortieth Brigade reached the latter town at 4 p. m. on 
the 26th. Here we remained during the next day. On the 
28th the Brigade moved to Castalian Springs. Here we found 
Colonel J. M. Harlan’s Brigade, of the First Division, which 
our Brigade was sent here to relieve. 

The Seventy-fifth Regiment pitched tents in a beautiful 
woods. At Castalian Springs was our first experience of 
winter in camp life. A few inches of snow had fallen during 
the night following our arrival. On the 5th of December 
three inches of snow fell. The members of the Regiment 
frequently were seen huddled around the camp fires to keep 
warm. 

We were not only in the enemy’s country, but also armed 
forces of the enemy were not far away, which necessitated a 
heavy picket line. The three Regiments of the Brigade at this 
time numbered 2,274 men present for duty. Every twenty- 
four hours 150 enlisted men and three commissioned officers 
from the Seventy-fifth Regiment were detailed for picket 
duty. We remained at Castalian Springs for a month. 
Nothing of interest transpired to break the monotony of 
camp life, until the sound of cannon was heard in the direc- 
tion of Hartsville, on Sunday morning, December 7th, when 
our old Confederate antagonist, John H. Morgan, with his 
troopers, swooped down upon the garrison at Hartsville — the 
Thirty ninth Brigade of our Division, under Colonel Moore 
— killing fifty-eight, wounding over two hundred, and cap- 
turing all the rest. Morgan completely surprised Moore. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 51 

•He crossed the river so quietly and formed his lines of battle so 
adroitly, that he was in the camp of the Thirty-ninth Brigade 
before Moore was aware of his being in the vicinity. Moore’s 
Regiments had not been thoroughly drilled, and his officers 
and men had not much previous military training and exper- 
ience. 

Although the Fortieth Brigade was sent to Castalian 
Springs to relieve Colonel Harlan, that officer’s Brigade was 
there at the time of this unfortunate attack upon Moore. 
Being the ranking officer, Harlan had the general supervision 
over the Fortieth Brigade, as well as over his own. On hear- 
ing the first sound of the fight, Colonel Harlan dispatched 
the three Regiments of the Fortieth Brigade, under Colonel 
Miller, on double-quick to reinforce the garrison at Harts- 
ville. Our Brigade was sent, because it belonged to the Di- 
vision of Colonel Moore’s command, and was sent to Castal- 
ian Springs to relieve Harlan. 

The men of the Seventy-fifth Regiment were busily pre- 
paring their breakfasts, when the drums beat the long- roll 
for battle. They promptly left their cooking utensils, and 
fell into line to march nine miles in less time than they ever 
did it before or afterwards. We went on double-quick the 
whole way, mostly in line of battle, over fences and hills, 
through ravines and fields. The morning was chilly — a 
little snow having fallen during the night — and many of us 
had on our new overcoats, which were recently issued to us, 
and when the sun climbed high above the horizon, we be- 
came exceedingly warm. Within a mile and a half of the 
town, the Regiment was formed in line for a charge, and we 
advanced rapidly across the fields towards Col. Moore’s 
camp. Anticipating our approach, Morgan recrossed the 
river with the Thirty-ninth Brigade as prisoners, except the 
dead and mortally wounded, which he left with his own 
dead upon the battle-field. We fired across the river at his 
rear guard, and succeeded in killing a few of his men. 

No word had reached us at Castalian Springs, of a 



52 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

threatened attack. Our Brigade’s advancement was volun- 
tary. No messenger had been sent from Hartsville, inform- 
ing us of the attack. We knew of it only by the sound of 
the cannon. We became satisfied that all was lost, when 
we arrived. But, we charged into the town on the double- 
quick to catch, if possible, the Confederates, before they 
could have time to recross the river. We were too late — 
only in time to see their rear guard, numbering several hun- 
dred, recrossing the river. We would have pursued them 
across the fording, but they had a considerable reserve force 
on the south side, and, under the circumstances, it would 
not have been prudent to follow in pursuit. 

The battle occurred a short distance from the town, on a 
rocky hillside, near the fording of the river. A detail from 
the three Regiments of our Brigade was ordered to bury the 
dead. We found fifty-eight Federal soldiers lying dead on 
the field, of whom the majority were from the One hundred 
and fourth Illinois and One hundred and sixth Ohio Regi- 
ments. Among the slain was Captain W. Y. Gholson, A. A. 
G. on Col. Moore’s staff, and Captain Herman Reintanz of 
the One hundred and sixth Ohio. Morgan’s Confederate 
force lost 139 in killed, wounded and missing. After per- 
forming the sad duty of burying the dead, we returned to our 
camp at Castalian Springs. Lucius H. Emmons of D Com- 
pany of our Regiment, on detached duty with the Eighteenth 
Indiana Battery, was captured in this battle. Upon whom 
the blame of this most unfortunate affair at Hartsville must 
rest, is not given. Though recommended by Gen. Halleck at 
Washington, D. C. , to be dismissed the service for neglect 
of duty, Col. Moore was exonerated from all blame. 

The day following the battle of Hartsville, December 8th, 
by reason of ill health, the efficient and able commander of 
our Division, Brigadier General Ebenezer Dumont, was com- 
pelled to relinquish all military duties in the field. For Gen. 
Dumont, who was an Indianian, the Seventy-fifth Regiment 
has had an admiration which survives all these years. The 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



53 



Thirty-eighth Brigade having been disassociated from us at 
Bowling Green, the Thirty-ninth Brigade having been cap- 
tured at Hartsville, and the assignment of Ward’s Brigade, 
December ioth, by Gen. Thomas, to Gen. Paine’s command 
for the purpose of guarding the railroad between Nashville 
and Mitchellsville, but the one Brigade — Fortieth — was left 
in the Division. The Thirty-third Brigade of the Tenth 
Division, in command of Col. A. S. Hall, was thereupon as- 




CAPT. JOHN T. FI.OYD, 

(the author’s brother), Co. D, 101st Indiana, Aid-de-camp to Gen. Reynolds, 
born Oct. 9th, 1837, died July 2d, 1867. 

sociated with the Fortieth Brigade in the formation of a 
Division, to the command of which, Brig. Gen. Joseph J. 
Reynolds — the first Colonel of the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiment — was assigned. 

In compliance with general orders issued Dec. 19th, Gen. 
Thomas changed the numbers of Divisions and Brigades 



54 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



under his command. The Division commanded by Reynolds 
was to be hereafter designated and known as the Fifth in- 
stead of the Twelfth Division as heretofore. The Thirty-third 
Brigade, under Hall, was changed into the First, and the For- 
tieth, under Miller, was designated as the Second Brigade. 
The latter Brigade had also the addition of another Regi- 
ment — the Seventeenth Indiana, under Col. John T. Wilder. 
The following are the commanders and Regiments compris- 
ing the Division: 



FIFTH (FATE TWELFTH) DIVISION.* 
Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. 



First ( late Thirty -third ) Brigade , 
Col. Albert S. Hall. 

8oth Illinois, Col. Thomas G. Allen. 
123d Illinois, Col. James Monroe. 
101st Indiana, Col. William Garver. 
105th Ohio, Lieut. Col. William R. 
Tolies. 



Second ( late Fortieth ) Brigade. 
Col. Abram O. Miller. 

98th Illinois, Col. John J. Funk- 
houser. 

17th Indiana, Col. John T. Wilder. 
72d Indiana, Maj. Henry M. Carr. 
75th Indiana, Col. Milton S. Robinson. 



Artillery. 

18th Indiana Battery, Capt. Eli Lilly. 

19th Indiana Battery, Capt. Samuel J. Harris. 



Colonel John T. Wilder, by virtue of an earlier date of 
commission, succeeded Colonel A. O. Miller to the command 
of the Second (late Fortieth) Brigade, after the Seventeenth 
Indiana had been assigned to it. In the course of time, 
these two Brigades of the Division also exchanged numbers; 
Hall’s was made the Second and Wilder’s the First. 

Immediately following the disaster to Moore’s Brigade at 
Hartsville, our Brigade began constructing fortifications on 
both sides of our camp at Castalian Springs. We worked 
like beavers for a few days, with the expectation of giving 
Morgan a warm reception, if he should attempt his little 
game on us. We determined that there should be no repe- 
tition of Hartsville at Castalian Springs. 



* As reported December 31st, 1862. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



55 



In the evening of December nth, Col. Hall’s Brigade, 
which was hereafter to be associated with ours in the Division, 
arrived at Castalian Springs and encamped. In this Brigade 
was the One hundred and first Indiana Regiment, many of 
the members of which had acquaintances, friends and rela- 
tives in the Seventy-fifth Regiment. 

On December 22d, the Seventeenth Indiana Regiment 
arrived and joined our Brigade. 

The Seventeenth Indiana Infantry Regiment was organ- 
ized at Camp Morton, in Indianapolis, during the month of 
May, and mustered into the United States service on June 
12th, 1861, for three years, with Milo S. Hascall as Colonel. 
It moved on the ist of July to the East, and participated in 
the engagements at Cheat Mountain and Green Brier, in 
which its loss was one killed. It here operated with Gen- 
eral Reynolds’ army. On the 19th of November, it pro- 
ceeded to Louisville, Ky., and reported to General Buell. It 
was assigned to General Nelson’s Division at Louisville, and 
marched to New Haven, where it remained until February 
10th, 1862, when it moved towards Green River. It crossed 
the river, and marched southward to Nashville, arriving 
there March 12th. Here it remained until the march to the 
Tennessee River was begun. On the 25th of March, Colonel 
Hascall was made a Brigadier-General, and Lieut. -Col. John 
T. Wilder succeeded to the Colonelcy. Leaving Nashville 
on the last of March, the Regiment reached the battle field 
of Shiloh on April 8th. It participated in the siege of 
Corinth, and after its evacuation by the enemy, it marched 
with Buell’s army through northern Alabama to Louisville, 
Ky., arriving there on September 25th, after marching two 
hundred and seventy miles, and having skirmished with 
Bragg’s rear guard on the 21st near Munfordsville. Leaving 
Louisville on October ist, it operated through Kentucky and 
Tennessee, until December 22d, when it was assigned to our 
Brigade. Between the 18th of October, 1862, and February 
ist, 1863, the Regiment was engaged in numerous expedi- 
tions. 



56 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

From the 12th of February, 1863, to the end of the war, 
the Seventeenth Regiment was mounted and operated with 
the Cavalry. As a Cavalry Regiment (or mounted Infantry) 
there was no better in the service. 

On June 24th, it moved to Hoover’s Gap, where it held 
the Confederates at bay, until its ammunition was exhausted, 
when the other Regiments of the Brigade came up and the 
enemy was driven from the field. Here the Seventeenth 
lost 25 killed and wounded. After this engagement the 
Regiment marched to Manchester, where it captured many 
prisoners. It. then went on a raid to Cowan, scouting the 
country in various directions, skirmishing with the Con- 
federates across the Tennessee River, near Chattanooga. 
After the evacuation of Chattanooga, the Regiment moved 
in the direction of North Chickamauga and Dalton, fre- 
quently skirmishing. 

On the 11th of September, the Seventeenth marched to 
Ringgold, Ga., where it met Scott’s Cavalry Brigade, and a 
brisk fight occurred, resulting in driving the enemy with 
severe loss to Tunnel Hill. The Regiment lost one killed 
and two wounded. In the battle of Chickamauga the Seven- 
teenth lost 16 in killed, wounded and missing. 

On the 1st of October, it went with Gen. Crook’s com- 
mand to the Sequatchie Valley, in pursuit of Wheeler. On 
the night of the 3d, it attacked Crew’s Brigade at Thomp- 
son’s Cove, and captured the battle flag of a Kentucky 
Regiment (Confederate) together with a number of arms, 
losing only one man wounded. The next day it skirmished 
with the enemy at McMinnville and drove him out of the 
town, losing 2 killed and 4 wounded. On the 7th, it had 
another attack near Shelbyville with the enemy, capturing 
three cannon and many small arms, losing 48 killed and 
wounded, including three officers. It moved to Huntsville, 
Alabama, on the 9th, and on the 13th started in pursuit of 
the Confederate Cavalry under Forrest and others. On the 
18th of November, 250 of the best mounted of the Regiment 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



57 



marched near Chattanooga and crossed the Tennessee on the 
night of the 23d on Sherman’s pontoons. During the battle 
of Missionary Ridge, the Regiment went via Tyner’s Sta- 
tion within seven miles of Ringgold and destroyed many 
of the Confederate wagon trains and stores. On the 27th it 
was attacked by Kelly’s Confederate Brigade, in which it lost 
one killed. On the 30th, it marched toward Knoxville, run- 
ning through the enemy’s lines to get into the town. 

The majority of the Regiment being dismounted and in 
camp at Pulaski, having re-enlisted on the 4th of January, 

1864, left for Indiana on veteran furlough. 

While in Indiana the veterans were allowed to purchase 
horses, left Indianapolis by rail on the 2d of April, and ar- 
rived at Louisville. On the 18th it proceeded to Nashville, 
reaching that point on the 25th, riding one hundred and 
eighty-six miles. Leaving there, the Regiment reached Sher- 
man’s army on the 10th of May, while on the Atlanta cam- 
paign. From this time until October 31st, the Regiment 
was actively and constantly engaged in scouting operations 
with the Cavalry, incident to the capture of Atlanta, and 
pursuit of Hood’s army to the north. It participated in 
numerous raids and skirmishes, and was conspicuously en- 
gaged at Pumpkin-vine Creek, Big Shanty, Belle Plain 
Road, Kenesaw Mountain, Chattahoochee River, Stone 
Mountain, etc. On November 1st, after turning over its 
horses to Kilpatrick’s Cavalry, the Regiment left Rome, Ga., 
for Louisville, Kv., where it was remounted on the 24th. 
Leaving Louisville, it reached Nashville on the 8th of January, 

1865, from whence it marched to Gravelly Spring, Alabama. 
Here it remained until March 12th, when it marched with 
Wilson’s Cavalry command into the interior of Alabama. 
On April 1st, it fought Roddy and Forrest near Ebenezer 
Church, capturing one hundred prisoners and a cannon, 
losing twenty-four in killed, wounded and missing. On the 
2d, it also participated in the battle of Selma, losing in killed 
and wounded ninety-two. On April 20th, the Regiment 

5 



58 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

helped to capture the city of Macon, Ga. , with many prison- 
ers, including four General officers. It lost in this affair one 
killed and two wounded. 

The Seventeenth Indiana has the distinction of having 
four of its officers promoted to Brigadier-Generals. As lead- 
ers of Companies and Regiments, some of the officers be- 
longing to the Seventeenth had no superiors. During its 
term of service, it march four thousand miles, and captured 
many prisoners and arms and several flags, and hundreds of 
horses and mules. Its loss during its service of four years 
was 69 killed and 189 wounded. 

On December 23d, Captain J. H. Butler of Company D, 
and Lieutenant Thos. J. Peed of Company I of our Regiment, 
having resigned, left for their homes in Indiana. Our first 
Christmas, while living soldier-lives, was spent in camp at 
Castalian Springs. Many dinners in the tents on that day 
consisted of “hard tack” and “sow-belly.” Some, how- 
ever, fared better. From one of the diaries, consulted in the 
preparation of -this history, the menu on Christmas day in one 
tent at least consisted of “beef soup, peach pies, pickled 
peaches, and roast beef.” This was a gastronomic display 
worthy Delmonico’s, under similar circumstances. 

During the last week of December, 1862, the Confederate 
Gen. Morgan, with a Division of two Brigades of Cavalry, 
made a second raid into Kentucky. He first struck Glasgow. 
From thence he followed the line of the Louisville and Nash- 
ville railroad, appearing at Munfordsville, Bacon Creek, Up- 
ton, Nolin, Elizabethtowm and Muldraugh’s Hill. The Na- 
tional troops, stationed at these different points, were small 
detachments of Kentucky Regiments, under the command 
of Colonels Harlan, Hobson and Hoskins; also Colonels Gray 
of the Fourth Indiana Cavalry and Benneson of the Seventy- 
eighth Illinois Infantry, and Captain Dicky of the Second 
*Michigan Cavalry had skirmishes with Morgan’s force dur- 
ing his raid. With his much larger force, however, Morgan 
either captured the small garrisons or drove them away. He 



59 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

left desolation and destruction in his tracks. He burned the 
bridges and trestle-works and tore up the railroad track for 
miles. In his official report of the raid, Morgan himself says 
that he destroyed over $2,000,000 worth of United States 
property. 

At the time of this bold raid, Gen. Reynolds’ headquar- 
ters were at Gallatin. Hall’s Brigade was at Bledsoe’s Creek, 
and our Brigade, under Wilder, was yet at Castalian Springs. 
Reynolds received the accompanying dispatch from Gen. 
Rosecrans: 

Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps, 
NashvieeE, December 23, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds, Gallatin : 

Try and ascertain the strength of enemy, and if he has any infantry sup- 
ports. Send out scouts in all directions. Make arrangements for commun- 
icating in letters to us, in case telegraph line be cut. Concentrate your 
forces and fight like the devil. General says you will have help from us, 
and if you whip him recollect you have him at mercy. 

By order : J. P. GARESCHE, 

Chief of Staff. 



To this dispatch Reynolds replied : 

Gallatin, December 24, 1862 — 1 a. m. 

[Colonel Garesche:] 

Dispositions indicated are made. Have this moment heard from Hall 
and Wilder. They are ready and so are we, and we will fight like the 
devil. The general impression here is that this attack will be made to 
cover an attack ou the railroad. 

J. J. REYNOLDS, 

Brigadier General. 

We left Castalian Springs at daylight on the morning of 
the 26th, moving in the direction of Gallatin. It rained hard 
during the entire day, and after marching fourteen miles, we 
encamped for the night, lying down with our wet clothes on, 
in a muddy field. It continued to rain during the night. 
At daylight of the 27th, we moved, the Seventy-fifth Regi- 
ment leading the Brigade. We marched all day in the rain 
and mud, and encamped at night at Scottsville, Kentucky. 



60 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Sunday morning 28th, we took the pike for Glasgow. Hav- 
ing forded the Big Barren River (Morgan burned the bridge) 
the water of which being excessively cold, we bivouacked 
for the night on its banks. Early in the morning of the 
29th, the Brigade moved, with the Ninety-eighth Illinois 
Regiment in advance. After marching about twelve miles, 
we encamped near Glasgow. We remained at this point dur- 
ing the 30th. At daylight of the 31st we advanced in the di- 
rection of Munfordsville. January 1st, 1863, we were in the 
neighborhood of Bear Wallow. Morgan’s Cavalry being in 
the vicinity, our Brigade was formed in line of battle to await 
results. 

The two Brigades under Reynolds were now in supporting 
distance of each other. I11 every direction scouts were sent 
out. To head off Morgan and prevent his escape, Reynolds 
was ordered to raise all the horses and saddles available, and 
if these could not be procured, he was to impress into service 
his mules without saddles. He was to mount half of his 
Division at a time with these. The ‘‘walking” infantry 
was to start in pursuit very early with the expectation of 
being overtaken by the “riding” infantry at the close of the 
day, when the walking half of the preceding day should ex- 
change with the riding half for the next day. 

Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps, 
Nashville, December 25, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Reynolds, Gallatin: 

Morgan has no such force. The total of their cavalry here, and the de- 
tachment of Forrest to West Tennessee, satisfies me that he has very little 
more than when en route to Hartsville, without the infantry. Not many 
crossed at Gainesborough. Prepare to cut off with your division Morgan’s 
retreat. Harlan will be sent to Cave City. He will go up on train to night, 
and move on Morgan, wherever he may be. 

W. S. ROSECRANS, 
Major-General . 

December 25, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds, Gallatin : 

How many pack and other horses can you raise, with saddles or bare 
backs, to put infantry on, to pursue them with, say, one-half ride, the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 61 

others walk, and change horses — the infantry walking, to start early, to be 
overtaken and take the horses, and go on to camp, while the walking 
overtake them ? Volunteers and picked men should go. Tell me what 
you can do. 

W. S. ROSECRANS, 
Major- General. 

Gai^atin, December 25, 1862 — 7 p. m. 
Lieutenant-Coeonee Garesche, Chief of Staff : 

I will be off to-morrow morning earl}’, with my division, numbering 
about 4,500 effective men, besides two batteries of six guns each. Have 
nothing left outside Gallatin except some cavalry pickets, which will be 
left. Also leave here a few cavalry for escorts, couriers, & c. We go from 
here to Scottsville. 

J. J. REYNOLDS, 
Brigadier General. 

To witness the antics of this improvised Cavalry by mount- 
ing Infantry Regiments on army mules and plug horses with 
and without saddles, was an amusing sight ! The perform- 
ance reminded the writer of the stanzas in Cowper’s poem of 
John Gilpin : 

“John Gilpin at his horse’s side 
Seized fast the flowing mane, 

And up he got in haste to ride, 

But soon came down again. 

“ Now see him mounted once again, 

Upon his nimble steed, 

Full slowly pacing o’er the stones 
With caution and good heed. 

“ But finding soon a smoother road 
Beneath his well-shod feet, 

The snorting beast began to trot, 

Which galled him in the seat.” 

The mules, when mounted, seemed to be in a highly ex- 
hilarating frame of mind, with heels of a vigorous and de- 
cidedly skyward tendency, which created great amusement in 
the camp. They seemed determined to make the groups of 
soldiers, who were looking 011 at their pranks, get out of their 
way, by backing up to them, with their long ears moving 
backwards and forwards like a windmill, and their tails as 



62 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

stiff as pokers, letting their hoofs fly at them. One of the 
men, who had been thrown off, fired with ambition to display 
his prowess over his mule, ran in front of the animal and 
took a defiant position to seize him. The mule, undaunted, 
came dashing on, putting one ear back and the other forward, 
then reversing the movement, with his tail standing straight 
out. The soldier’s courage failed him, and he beat a sudden 
and inglorious retreat. As he ran, followed by the mule, the 
scene was ludicrous in the extreme. Hundreds of soldiers, 
who witnessed it, were convulsed with laughter. 

Nevertheless with all these disadvantages and encum- 
brances, we “fought Morgan like the devil.” 

Speaking of mules, reminds the writer of a little incident 
of army life, which may not be out of place to insert here. 
An army Chaplain, frequently shocked by the profanity of 
mule drivers, resolved, if possible, to lessen it by the offer of 
a fine Bible to every one who would “drive a mule team 
four weeks without swearing.” Having published the offer, 
and completed satisfactory arrangements with the U. S. 
Christian Commission for a liberal distribution of the Sacred 
Volume among a needy class of sinners, the Chaplain sat 
down in his tent to wait for applicants. The crowd of ap- 
plicants, which he expected, did not arrive. Only one man 
applied and he was a Dutchman. When questioned on the 
subject, the Dutchman gave it as his opinion, that by nature 
no man was able to do it, but by the grace of God alone 
mules could be driven without oaths. Here is the Dutch- 
man’s solemn affirmation, in his own words, which is vouched 
for by a certificate from his Captain: “ Dis ish to serdify, dat 
I have triven a mule deam foar veeks widout brofanity.” 
The man received the premium, and doubtless deserved it. 

Speaking of Chaplains, the writer is reminded of another 
army incident. With all the hardships and vicissitudes of 
army life, a certain Chaplain could not eradicate the oddity 
of his genius. He was a fine singer, and played well upon 
the accordion. He was the spiritual adviser of a wild West- 



' of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 63 

ern Regiment, and his unselfish and hardy nature Won their 
hearts by telling the boys stories and singing them funny 
songs. John Morgan captured him in the Cumberland 
Mountains. The Chaplain, in relating the circumstances 
afterwards, said : “It looked pretty solemn when they began 
to cast lots to see who should inherit my horse.” But the 
Chaplain took his little accordion and began to sing and play 
for dear life. All the droll songs that were ever invented, 
this doomed captive sang to the bushwhackers of Kentucky. 
“I think I ought to shoot you,” said Morgan; “a fellow 
that keeps up men’s spirits as you do is too valuable to the 
Yankees for me to let off.” But let him off he did. Nobody 
could shoot such a happy combination of goodness and drollery. 

Once after a battle, a church was turned into a hospital, 
and the wounded and dying lay all up and down on the floor. 
It was a blue time, when men were dying not alone of 
wounds, but of despair, which was like an epidemic in the 
atmosphere. The Chaplain, seeing how fatal this despon- 
dency was proving itself to be to the men, walking up into 
the pulpit, planted his little accordion on his knees and 
struck up “The Girl I Left Behind Me.” Sunlight at once 
came into the despondent hearts with the rich melody of the 
Chaplain’s voice and the humor of his song. The Surgeons 
of the hospital took heart, and life seemed to come back to 
the wounded and homesick boys. 

Morgan paid dear for all he gained in his second Ken- 
tucky raid. He lost very many of his troopers in killed, 
wounded and missing. Col. Duke, who commanded one of 
his Brigades, was badly wounded. Besides, he was defeated 
at Munfordsville, Rolling Fork and Campbellsville. Among 
the loss we had to deplore was the gallant Colonel Halisy of 
the Sixth Kentucky Cavalry (Union), who was killed in a 
hand-to-hand encounter with a Lieutenant of Morgan’s 
Cavalry. Our Brigade sustained no loss. 

Thus while the National Army under Rosecrans was man- 
oeuvring to fight and was actually fighting the Confederate 



64 History of the Seventy-fifth Regime 7 it 

Army under Bragg at Stone’s River, the Seventy-fifth Indi- 
ana Regiment was doing very important and hard service with 
Reynolds by keeping the strictest vigilance upon Morgan in 
the vicinity of Gallatin, Scottsville, Bledsoe’s Creek, Glas- 
gow and other places. 

While we were yet engaged in Kentucky against Morgan,, 
the fierce battle of Stone’s River at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, 
was fought on the last day of 1862, and the first three days- 
of 1863. This was the largest battle which Gen. Rosecrans 
had yet fought. His losses were 1,533 billed, including Brig. 
Gen. Joshua W. Sill, who was associated with us in the move- 
ment against E. Kirby Smith at Frankfort Ky. ; 7,245; 
wounded, including Brig. Gens. Kirk, Van Cleve, Willich 
and Wood; and 2,800 missing. The Confederate losses can 
only be approximated. The officers rarely ever gave full re- 
turns of their losses. Bragg’s losses were about 9,000 killed' 
and wounded, and 16,560 missing. The two wings of the 
National army were driven back a short distance, on succes- 
sive days, but regained their positions finally, and the Confed- 
erates were repelled and driven from the field. Murfreesboro 
was left in possession of our army. 

In the evening of January 3d, we marched to Cave City, 
where the Regiment took the cars on the morning of the 4th, 
for Nashville, arriving in the city on the same evening. The 
next day, 5th, the Regiment started from Nashville for Mur- 
freesboro — a distance of 31 miles — as guards of a train of 1,500 
wagons, moving to the front with stores for the surviving 
troops, who were engaged in the battle. O11 the way, we 
met many ambulances conveying the wounded to Nashville. 
We encamped four miles from the battle-field in a drenching 
rain during the night. When the Regiment arrived on the 
field during the morning of the 7th, the noise of the conflict 
had ceased, and the smoke of the battle had cleared away;, 
but the horrible results of the contest were plainly visible. 
Dead men and horses, torn and mangled, broken cannon car- 
riages and wheels, were strewn over the field of carnage. 
The sight was ghastly and ruinous. 



CHAPTER III. 



SIX MONTHS’ ENCAMPMENT AT MURFREESBORO, TENNESSEE 
— SIXTY-EIGHTH AND ONE HUNDRED AND FIRST INDIANA, 
AND ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTH OHIO REGIMENTS AND 
NINETEENTH INDIANA BATTERY — RECONNAISSANCES TO 
WOODBURY, LIBERTY, ALEXANDRIA, MILTON, CARTHAGE, 
MCMINNVILLE, ETC. 

(JANUARY, FEBRUARY, MARCH, APRIL, MAY, JUNE, 1 863.) 

Murfreesboro, in the winter and spring of 1863, was 
a handsome, educational town, built chiefly of brick, lighted 
with gas, containing 3500 inhabitants, half a dozen churches, 
two Female Colleges, a University and a Military Institute. 
It was located on an elevated plain, beautiful for situation, 
near the spurs of the Cumberland Mountains. Stone’s River, 
v on the banks of which the great battle by the same name 
was fought, flowed on the west side of the town. 

The encampment of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment 
at Murfreesboro — stretching over a period of six months — 
was the longest for one place in the history of the Regi- 
ment. Our camp was located on the east side of the town, 
near the Readyville and Woodbury turnpike. It was made 
very nice and cleanly and healthy by the removal of all 
rubbish and decaying vegetation. It was laid out city fash- 
ion, into company streets, by the formation of the tents into 
straight and regular rows. Up to this time, we used the 
“Sibley tent.” Major H. H. Sibley, formerly of the U. S. 
Army, but during the war of the Rebellion a Brig. -Gen. in 
the Confederate Army, was the inventor of this huge and 
cumbrous tent. When stretched, the tent was conical in 
shape. The lower edge or base was a circle fastened to the 
ground by wooden pins. The top or apex was held perpen- 

(65) 



66 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

dicular to the base or ground by an upright central pole set 
into an iron tripod. An aperture was left on the side next 
to the street for a doorway, with wide edges extending over 
each other for the purpose of opening and closing. The 
apex was left open for the smoke from the fire, upon the 
ground in the centre beneath the tripod, to ascend and disap- 
pear in the clouds. These tents would hold from twenty-five 
to thirty men, who slept upon the ground beneath them with 
their heads to the circumference and their feet to the centre. 

In the Regiment were some very good singers. While we 
were encamped- here, our hearts were cheered by the voice of 
song around the camp fires in these tents. The songs were 
mostly of home and country. Often here, and on the long 
weary marches of subsequent campaigns, we reminded each 
other in song that, 

“John Brown’s body lies mouldering in the ground, 

As we go marching on.” 

“The sour apple trees” were far from being enough to 
“hang Jeff. Davis on ” if he had been hung as often as we 
repeated the words in rhyme. 

The inspiring song of 

“Rally round the flag, boys; 

Rally once again, 

Shouting the battle cry of Freedom !”- 

And the rhythm of 

“Tramp, tramp, tramp, the boys are marching,” 

were sung with a vim, that filled the air with music and al- 
most shook the ground with the cadence of song. As we 
looked back at the vacant chair at home, we sang: 

“ Do they miss me at home, do they miss me?’’ 

And as we looked forward to the battles before us, we 
sang: 

“Just before the battle, mother, 

I am thinking, dear, of you,” 



of Indiana Infdntry Volunteers. \ 67 

And as we made a night raid upon the sutler’s tent, we 
sang: 

“We’re coming, Father Abraham, 606,000 strong!” 

After the lapse of a quarter of a century, taking a retro- 
spective view of the men who sang with us at the camp fires 
of Murfreesboro, many of whom died there of disease, and 
others afterwards died in prisons and moved over battle-fields 
crimsoned with their own blood, the deathless elegy, written 
by Theodore O’Hara in commemoration of the Kentuckians 
who were killed in the Mexican war, seems very appropriate 
and applicable here: 

THE BIVOUAC OF THE DEAD. 

The muffled drum’s sad roll has beat 
The soldier’s last tattoo ; 

No more on life’s parade shall meet 
The brave and daring few. 

On Fame’s eternal camping-ground 
Their silent tents are spread, 

And glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead. 

No answer of the foe’s advance 
Now swells upon the wind ; 

No troubled thought at midnight haunts 
Of loved ones left behind ; 

No vision of the morrow’s strife 
The warrior’s dream alarms ; 

No braying horn nor screaming fife 
At dawn shall call to arms. 

Their shivered swords are red with rust, 

Their plumed heads are bowed ; 

Their haughty banner trailed in dust 
Is now their martial shroud, 

And plenteous funeral tears have washed 
The red stains from each brow, 

And their proud forms in battle gashed 
Are free from anguish now. 



68 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



The neighing steed, the flashing blade, 

The trumpet’s stirring blast, 

The charge, the dreadful cannonade, 

The din and shout are past ; 

Nor war’s wild note, nor glory’s peal, 

Shall thrill with fierce delight 
Those breasts that never more shall feel 
The rapture of the fight. 

Like the dread northern hurricane 
That sweeps his broad plateau, 

Flushed with the triumph yet to gain, 

Came down the serried foe : 

Our heroes felt the shock, and leapt 
To meet them on the plain ; 

And long the pitying sky hath wept 
Above our gallant slain. 

Rest on, embalmed and sainted dead ! 

Dear as the blood you gave, 

No impious footsteps here shall tread 
The herbage of your grave ; 

Nor shall your glory be forgot 
While Fame her record keeps, 

Or Honor points the hallowed spot 
Where Valor proudly sleeps. 

Yon marble minstrel’s voiceful stone 
In deathless songs shall tell, 

When many a vanished age hath flown, 

The story how ye fell ; 

Nor wreck, nor change, nor winter’s blight, 

Nor Time’s remorseless doom, 

Shall dim one ray of holy light 
That gilds your glorious tomb. 

Here at Murfreesboro, Chaplain Orville B. Boyden, As- 
sistant Surgeon Robert H. Buck, and Lieutenants William 
H. Wilson of A Company, Noah W. Parker and Jefferson H. 
Montgomery of B Company, George W. Goode of B Company, 
Jesse T. Underwood of F Company, Samuel H. Carr of G 
Company, John B. Collins of H Company, and James W. 
Richardson of I Company, tendered their resignations and re- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



69 



turned to their homes. Here also disease and death played 
havoc in the ranks of the Regiment. As many as thirty-four 
men with various diseases succumbed to the inevitable hand 
of death. 

The defeated Confederate Army, under Bragg, after the 
battle of Stone’s River, went into winter quarters about Shel- 
byville and Tullahoma, on the line of the Nashville and 
Chattanooga railroad, whilst our army occupied Murfrees- 
boro. The Seventy-fifth Regiment was by no means idle 
during its encampment here. The six months were passed 
in reconnaissances and scouting duty, and unimportant skir- 
mishes. 

The first reconnaissance and fight in which the Regiment 
participated after its arrival at Murfreesboro, was on the 
24th of January, at Woodbury, in Cannon county, Tennessee. 

The Regiment with its Brigade, in command of Col. John 
T. Wilder, and the Third Brigade of the Second Division, 
left wing, under command of Col. William Grose, acted con- 
jointly in the movement. It was three or four o’clock in the 
afternoon , of the 23d, when the two Brigades moved out. 
The Seventy-fifth Regiment, however, did not start until 9 
o’clock. The night was intensely dark. We took the 
Bradyville pike, east of the town of Murfreesboro, and 
bivouacked at Cedar Run, eight miles from camp. Early on 
the morning of the 24th, the two Brigades moved forward 
very rapidly, and soon came in contact with Buford’s Con- 
federate Cavalry, which retreated through Bradyville to 
Beech Grove. From the location of our Brigade at this time, 
the road leading to Woodbury was impracticable for Artillery. 
We endeavored to reach Woodbury from the south, but the 
rough hills and broken country, which abound in that sec- 
tion, prevented us. We were, therefore, compelled to turn 
back and take the pike from Bradyville. In the meantime, 
Wilder sent a small detachment of Minty’s Cavalry to strike 
the McMinnville road beyond Woodbury. 

Our forces under Grose and Wilder now encountered the 



70 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Confederate Infantry about three miles from Woodbury, 
under command of Lieutenant Colonel J. B. Hutcheson, who, 
together with a Captain and three men, was found killed on 
the field. Others killed and wounded were carried off. Our 
forces lost no men. 

Our Brigade bivouacked within three miles of Woodbury, 
and waited for the Cavalry under Minty to return. During 
the night they came, with a Captain and four privates of Bu- 
ford’s Cavalry as prisoners of war. 

The Regiment, with the Brigade, returned to Murfrees- 
boro next day, arriving at 4 p. m. The rough, hilly 
country covered with timber, and the roads impracticable for 
conveying Artillery, over which we were ordered to pass in 
our advance upon Woodbury, prevented us from getting to 
the town in time to capture the entire garrison. 

The second expedition was made to Liberty and Alex- 
andria in De Kalb county, by way of the Auburn pike. Our 
force comprised the whole Fifth Division and detachments of 
several Cavalry Regiments — in all about 3600 men, General 
Reynolds commanding in person. We were five days — from 
February the 3d to the 7th — on this reconnaissance. We 
left camp on the Auburn pike, and when about eight miles 
out, a detachment of Confederate Cavalry was met. They 
were a scouting party, who retired rapidly without exchang- 
ing shots with us as we advanced. Our Regiment bivouacked 
for the night at Auburn, about twenty-two miles from 
Murfreesboro. Early on the morning of the 4th, after 
marching a few miles, a Confederate Cavalry outpost was 
encountered. We skirmished for two miles with this force, 
one of whom we wounded. As this Cavalry force retired be- 
fore us, they destroyed the bridge over Smith’s Fork, but its 
destruction did not impede our progress, as the creek was 
fordable. We passed through Alexandria and encamped be- 
yond. Here many loyal people were found — men, women 
and children marching along with the column of troops, en- 
couraging the men. Much flour and bacon belonging to the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 7 1 

Confederates were confiscated here. At New Middleton, on 
the Carthage pike, the machinery of a large mill, in use for 
the Confederacy, was destroyed by us. On the 5th a large 
quantity of bacon, flour and sundries, loaded on wagons, and 
being transported thus to the Confederate camp, was taken 
by us and destroyed. In the evening, we encamped on 
Spring Creek, within four miles of Lebanon. On the 6th, 
we passed through Lebanon and bivouacked at Baird’s 
mills. At Lebanon, we captured 8000 lbs of bacon, which 
had been secreted there for the use of the Confederacy. On 
the 7th, we marched from Baird’s mills to our camp at 
Murfreesboro, a distance of nineteen miles, arriving after 
dark. 

The Confederates followed 11s on our return trip, and fired 
into our wagon train. We returned the fire, and wounded 
several and took some prisoners. 

During the expedition, we captured 43 prisoners, among 
whom was a mail carrier with the mail from Bragg’s army 
at Tullahoma. The letters were from some of the soldiers to 
their families, expressing the sentiments, that the writers 
were tired of the war, and wanted to return home. We also 
captured 300 horses and mules, 50 head of beef cattle, and de- 
stroyed many thousands of pounds of bacon and flour, wagons 
and other useful articles belonging to the Confederate army. 
Our casualties were five captured and one wounded. 

This expedition, made during very inclement weather and 
over a very rough country, was of the utmost importance to 
the Government. It enabled the Government to ascertain 
the correct sentiments of the citizens in that country at the 
time. The report, which Gen. Reynolds made concerning 
the expedition, was considered of such importance at Wash- 
ington, as to call forth a vigorous communication from the 
General-in-Chief, approving the recommendations in the re- 
port, and setting forth a system of stringent laws for the pun- 
ishment of disloyalists and protection of loyalists, wherever 
found. 



72 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

We deem the reports and correspondence of sufficient im- 
portance for insertion of a part in this history: 

Hdors. Fifth Division, Fourteenth Army Corps. 

Murfreesboro , Term ., February io, 1863. 
Major : It has occurred to me that some facts not strictly belonging to 
the military report of the recent expedition of the Fifth Division should be 
made known, and I have accordingly prepared the following narrative : 

Left Murfreesboro on the morning of February 3, and bivouacked that 
night at Auburn, about 22 miles by the southern road. The inhabitants 
generally on this day’s march kept aloof from us, and evinced no pleasure 
at our coming. Auburn, a small village, was nearly deserted, and most of 
the houses unoccupied, and the people who were there remained in their 
houses. We noticed an occasional farm deserted, and everything that could 
subsist man and beast gone. Such places belonged to loyal men whose 
property had been taken by the rebel army, and whose families were 
refugees, the sons in many cases being conscripts in the rebel service. 
Where a farm presented any appearance of life and prosperity, forage, ani- 
mals, and people would be found, the property belonging to rebels and the 
forage and animals spared by the rebel army. 

On the morning of the 4th, we started early on the road to Liberty. ■* Soon 
after leaving Auburn and entering a more broken country, I discovered 
small bodies on the hills. These bodies did not act in any concert. Some 
were armed, and others not. We at once discovered the armed men to be 
the enemy’s scouts, and took means to brush them away. The unarmed 
parties ran and concealed themselves, apparently as anxious to be out of 
sight of the armed parties as of our own force. After the armed parties were 
driven back, the others rushed into the road and joined our column, express- 
ing the greatest delight at our coming, and at beholding again what they 
emphatically called “our flag.” These men had been driven to the hills to 
escape conscription, and were daily being hunted up by conscription agents, 
aided by mounted men. Food was carried to them by women, children, and 
old men. As the column passed the houses of these persecuted loyal men, 
their women and children crowded the doors to bid us welcome and beg us 
to stay. As we approached Alexandria, the loyal sentiment increased, and 
men and women marched along with our column, staring at the old flag, and 
conversing about the good clothes and general good appearance of the men. 
These people were generally illiterate and somewhat timid, and did not 
seem to understand much about the present troubles, except that their more 
wealthy and better-informed neighbors insisted upon the poor people taking 
up arms to oppose the Government that they had been taught to love, and 
which had never oppressed them to support a so-called Goveument 
which they knew only by the fact that they had been oppressed by it from 
its very beginning, and had been torn from their families to fight against 
their real friends, and for those whom they only knew by name and sight. 



73 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 

as wealthy and overbearing, and for the defense, as they were told, of a 
species of property with the possession of which they had never been bur- 
dened, and were not likely to be. Liberty and Alexandria both exhibited 
much loyal feeling. Lebanon had been quite a stronghold for the rebels- 
though not without its devoted loyal inhabitants. 

There were loyal men living here and there on our route for whom I sent, 
and conversed freely with. The observations of one day w 7 ould serve as a 
sample for all — the property of loyal men despoiled, that of rebels protected. 

The mode of procedure generally seems to have been for the rebels to call 
upon their friends to contribute supplies and forage for their camps; the 
rebels assent, and haul to their camps (they say) all they can spare; more is 
wanted, the loyal men are visited, and, without consulting them as to quan- 
tity, their provisions, corn, wheat, forage, and animals are taken without 
limit, until they are left in a condition that is rapidily becoming one of ab- 
solute want. 

********** 

We captured during our recent expedition a rebel mail-carrier and mail 
just from Tullahoma. The mail was principally made up of letters from the 
soldiers in the rebel army to their families in the neighborhood of Lebanon. 
These letters breathed but one sentiment — all tired of the w 7 ar, and wanted 
to return home and remain there. Many said they would not go any farther 
south, and expressed a desire to desert, but feared in that case the Argus 
eyes of the rebel inhabitants at home, who would watch them and report 
them to the conscript agents, by whom they would be seized and sent back 
to their regiments and to death. These letters stated most positively that 
deserters from the rebel army w r ere shot in various insances, and that citi- 
zens who had guided the Federal army were hanged. 

Here w r e have the sentiments of these conscripts from their very hearts, 
for they are writing to their wives and children, and can have no induce- 
ment to deceive. These men would doubtless desert but for fear of being 
returned by those who remain at home to guard their own property and 
watch these oppressed men. 

The remed} 7 for this state of affairs appears very simple : Despoil the 
rebels as the rebel army has despoiled the Union men. Send the rebels out 
of the country, and make safe room for the return of loyal men. Let these 
loyal men feel that the country is once in their possession instead of being 
possessed by their oppressors. Aid them in its possession for awhile, and 
they will soon acquire confidence sufficient to hold it. 

J. J. REYNOLDS, 

Major-General , Commanding Division . 
Maj. George F. Feynt, Chief of Staff. 

6 



74 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



[indorsements. ] 

Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps, 

Murfreesboro , Tenn ., February n, 1863. 

Respectfully referred for the consideration of the Government. 

This report exhibits a state of affairs by no means peculiar to Tennessee. 
The State of Kentucky is in the same condition. The question is what 
policy to adopt — the conciliatory or the rigid. The conciliatory has failed, 
and however much we may regret the necessity, we shall be compelled to 
send disloyal people of all ages and sexes to the south, or beyond our lines. 
Secessionism has so degraded their sense of honor that it is next to im- 
possible to find one tinctured with it who can be trusted. 

GEO. H. THOMAS, 

Major-General U. S. Volunteers, Commanding. 

Headquarters Department of the Cumberland, 

Murfreesboro , Tenn., February 18, 1863. 

Respectfully forwarded for the information and consideration of the War 
Department. W. S. ROSECRANS, 

Major-General. 



Washington, D. C., March 5, 1863. 
Maj.-Gen. W. S. Rosecrans, Commanding &c., Murfreesboro, Tenn.: 
General : I have just received Maj.-Gen. J. J. Reynolds’ letter of 
February 10, with your indorsement of February 18. 

The suggestions of General Reynolds and General Thomas in regard to a 
more rigid treatment of all disloyal persons within the lines of your army 
are approved. No additional instructions from these headquarters are 
deemed necessary. You have already been urged to procure your subsis- 
tence, forage, and means of transportation, so far as possible, in the country 
occupied. This you had a right to do without any instructions. As the 
commanding general in the field, you have power to enforce all laws and 
usages of war, however rigid and severe these may be, unless there be some 
act of Congress, regulation, order, or instruction forbidding or restricting 
such enforcement. 

********** 

The foregoing remarks have reference only to military status and to mili- 
tary offenses under the laws of war. They are not applicable to civil offenses 
under the Constitution and general laws of the land. The laws and usages 
of civilized war must be your guide in the treatment of all classes of persons 
of the country in which your army may operate, or which it may occupy; 
and you will be permitted to decide for yourself where it is best to act with 
rigor, and where best to be more lenient. You will not be trammeled with 
minute instructions. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

H. W. HALEECK, 

General-in -Chief. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



75 



The third expedition in which the Seventy-fifth Regiment 
participated, was made the second time to Woodbury. In 
this exploit, the whole Fifth Division also participated. 
Reynolds led in person. It lasted five days, beginning on 
March 3d. 

Our Brigade, partly mounted, under Wilder, while forag- 
ing, encountered the enemy’s pickets, about four miles from 
Woodbury. They were driven before us, and in our attempt 
to surround them they got information of our intentions and 
kept retreating rapidly towards McMinnville. We returned 
to Murfreesboro on the 8th, having killed a Major and a 
private and captured 25 prisoners and obtained 100 wagon 
loads of forage. Our loss was six missing, and one from the 
Seventeenth Indiana severely wounded in the arm. The 
country was broken and hilly, and nearly every citizen whom 
we met was a spy for theConfederacy, which made it next to 
impossibility to surprise and capture the Confederates. 

On the 20th of March, the Seventy-fifth Regiment made a 
double quick march to Milton to reinforce the Second 
Brigade of our Division under Col. Hall, who, on the above 
date, with a force of 1300 men, handsomely conquered the 
Confederate Gen. John H. Morgan at Vaught’s Hill, near 
Milton. Hall’s Brigade, to which alone the credit of glori- 
ously defeating the greatly superior forces under Morgan is 
due, lost six killed, including a Captain, and forty-two 
wounded, including a Lieutenant. Morgan’s forces, which 
numbered 2,250, lost forty killed, including three officers, and 
one hundred and fifty w 7 ounded, including three officers, and 
twelve prisoners were taken. In this affair at Vaught’s Hill 
Morgan received the completest thrashing he had yet gotten. 

The fourth reconnaissance, which the Seventy-fifth Regi- 
ment made in company with the First Brigade, under Wil- 
der, began April 1st. The objective of the expedition was 
Carthage, on the Cumberland River, in Smith county. Wil- 
der moved his Brigade northward, taking the Lebanon turn- 
pike and crossing Stone’s River on pontoon bridges, after 



2 6 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

which we bivouacked for the night. The next morning the 
Brigade, which numbered 2,500 men, was divided into two 
parts. The Infantry, including the Seventy-fifth Regiment, 
with the Artillery, under command of Colonel Monroe, took 
the pike for Carthage, via Lebanon and Rome. The 
mounted force, under Wilder, went via Las Casas and 
Cainsville. Several times the enemy was met, whom we 
drove before us and captured — a part of whom was Gen. 
Wharton’s Cavalry. We arrived at Carthage on the 5th. 

On the morning of the 8th, with 400 captured horses and 
mules and 88 prisoners, having lost only one man of our own, 
the Brigade returned to Murfreesboro. 

The fifth expedition of the Regiment during our encamp- 
ment here occurred on the 20th of April. It was the recon- 
naissance to McMinnville in Warren county. We scoured 
the country, southeast and northeast of Murfreesboro. 

This expedition was by far the most extensive and import- 
ant in its results of any in which the Regiment had the 
honor of participating from our camp at Murfreesboro. 
It was the most fruitful reconnaissance sent out by Gen. 
Rosecrans from Murfreesboro during the encampment of 
the army there. It lasted ten days, and consisted of our Di- 
vision and a Brigade from the First Division of our Corps, 
the Second Brigade from the Second Division of the Twenty- 
first Corps and Minty’s Cavalry — a force of 6,600 strong — all 
under command of Gen. Reynolds. 

The following is the order from Gen. Rosecrans for the ex- 
pedition: 

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, 
Murfreesboro , April 18, 1863. 

Major-General Joseph J. Reynolds, Commanding Fifth Division , 

Fourteenth Corps: 

The general commanding has determined to drive the enemy’s forces 
from the country between Stone’s River, Caney Fork, and the Cumberland, 
and has designated you for that duty, and has placed under your command 
for that purpose the following forces, in addition to your own division: First, 
Second Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-first Army Corps, Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Wagner commanding; second, Third Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



77 



Army Corps, Colonel Hambright commanding; third, 1,500 cavalry, Colonel 
Minty commanding. With this force you will proceed to Readyville on 
Monday, the 20th instant. From there you will march rapidly to McMinn- 
ville, leaving two infantry brigades at Glasscock’s, with orders to proceed 
from there to Half-Acre, and subsequently to join you at or near Mrs. Beck- 
with’s, on the Smithville and Liberty pike. With your cavalry, mounted 
infantry, and one brigade of infantry, you will push forward directly to Mc- 
Minnville, destroying or capturing any rebel forces you may find there, and 
destroy the cotton mills and railroad trains, as well as all depots of supplies 
for the rebel army. From Glasscock’s you will send such a force of cavalry 
as you may judge sufficient for the purpose, to move southward by way of 
Jacksborough, and cut the railroad nearVervilla and rejoin you at McMinn- 
ville or on your journey northward. Your work at McMinnville and vicinity 
being accomplished, you will proceed to Liberty, having 011 the route formed 
a junction with the infantry force sent out by way of Half-Acre. 

You are expected to reach Liberty on the 24th instant, at which time and 
place provisions will reach you from here, under guard of one brigade of 
infantry. General Crook will also communicate with you at that place from 
Carthage. 

On the following day send a portion of your cavalry back to Smithville, to 
ascertain if the enemy be following you, and, if possible, draw him into an 
ambuscade. This done, you will send to their respective camps such por- 
tions of the force under your command as you may not need for the prose- 
cution of your work, and with the remainder proceed to Lebanon, where 
you will establish your temporary headquarters, and completely scour the 
country in the Peninsula, secure or destroy the supplies of rebels, and arrest 
and bring into camp all persons whom you may regard as dangerous to the 
interests of this army. You are authorized to modify any particulars in these 
general instructions whenever circumstances shall render it clearly neces- 
sary, or any considerable advantage is to be gained by a departure from them. 

The general commanding desires you to do this work so thoroughly that 
another expedition will not be needed in that direction. Report your pro- 
gress as often as practicable. The commanding officers of the forces placed 
under your command have been ordered to report to you in person for orders. 
Make a report of the number of rations and amount of ammunition you 
will require to be sent you at Liberty. The brigade sent to escort it you are 
authorized to assume command of, if you need it. You can also take the 
wagon train with you to Lebanon, if you think proper. Finish your work 
in that direction, and return to camp as soon as possible. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. GARFIELD, 

Brigadier-General and Chief of Staff. 

Armed with this authority, Reynolds proceeded upon this 
expedition. We had a skirmish with Confederates almost 



78 Histoiy of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

every day. The Regiment passed through the towns of 
Readyville, Woodbury, Smithville, and encamped one night 
at Pine Flats on a branch of the Clear Fork. From this 
point, we rapidly moved northward, passing through Lib- 
erty and Alexandria, reaching Lebanon by the 26th. The 
most of the country through which we passed was barren 
and unproductive. From Lebanon, the Regiment took a 
southerly course for McMinnville, passing through Alexan- 
dria, Cainsville and Statesville. 

We destroyed the McMinnville and Manchester railroad, 
which was the first but not the last experience of the 
Seventy-fifth Regiment in this line of destruction. We 
burned the bridges and trestle works on the road between the 
two towns above named. We burned an engine, train of 
cars and the depot at McMinnville. We captured and de- 
stroyed 600 blankets, 2 hogsheads of sugar, and 3 of rice, 200 
bales of cotton, 8 barrels of liquor, and 30,000 pounds of 
bacon. We burned a large cotton factory and two mills on 
Charley Creek, and a mill at Liberty. We captured 180 
prisoners, including five officers, among whom was the no- 
torious Major Dick McCann, who made his escape. R. M. 
Martin, a Lieutenant Colonel of Johnson’s (Confederate) 
Kentucky Cavalry, was mortally wounded. 613 animals 
were captured. 

Our loss was almost nothing in comparison to the results 
accomplished — only one wounded and one died with disease. 

The Confederate forces with which we skirmished almost 
daily were composed of Cavalry under Brig. Gen. J. H. Mor- 
gan and Brig. Gen. William T. Martin of Wheeler’s Cavalry 
Corps. The following is the Confederate Gen. Morgan’s re- 
port of our raid: 

Headquarters Morgan’s Division. 

Sparta , April 23, 1863. (Received April 26, 3 a. m.) 
Coe. George Wieeiam Brent, Asst. Adjt. Gen. and Chief of Staff, Army 
of Tennessee: 

Colonee: I have the honor to enclose copy of a dispatch from Colonel 
Chenault, at Monticello, received on the morning of the 21st, copy of which 
was forwarded by train the same morning from McMinnville. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



79 



I also received a dispatch at 8 a. m. 21st instant, from Major Bullitt, com- 
manding regiment on Woodbury road, 12 miles from McMinnville, stating 
that the enemy was advancing in force — cavalry, infantry, and artillery — on 
the Woodbury road. I immediately ordered him to hold his position as 
long as possible, and, in the event of the enemy pressing him, to fall back 
slowly toward McMinnville, reporting to me by courier every half hour the 
movements of the enemy. I also sent out a small scout to gain all possible 
information, who reported from time to time that a large force of the 
enemy’s cavalry was advancing on the Petty Gap road, and another large 
force of infantry advancing at the same time on the Woodbury road. I sent 
a courier to order back the train from Tullahoma, not being able to tele- 
graph, the operator informing me that the line w 7 as not working. 

At 2 p. m. I received a dispatch from Colonel Bullitt, stating that the 
enemy had fallen back a short distance on the Woodbury road. At about 
the same time one of my scouts came in, reporting that the enemy was then 
within a mile or two of town, driving my videttes and pickets in before 
them. 

The enemy destroyed the railroad depot, factory, two railroad bridges, to- 
gether with the train that was on this side of Morrison’s, besides some two or 
three other buildings at McMinnville. They left McMinnville about 12 
o’clock on the 22d, proceeding in the direction of Smithville, and from 
thence to Liberty, the force being estimated at from 3,000-to 5,000 strong, con- 
sisting of cavalry and mounted infantry and seven pieces of artillery. 

About 12,000 infantry crossed from Woodbury road to Blue’s, near 
Mechauicsville. From there they joined the cavalry who had been at Mc- 
Minnville, and moved down Snow Hill upon Liberty. I had sent courier 
after courier giving information to the forces at Liberty of approach of the 
enemy. I have also received information from Celina, stating that the 
enemy, between 1,200 and 1,500 strong, crossed the river at that point on 
the 19th instant, shelled and burned the town, together with the churches, 
uot even giving the citizens any warning of their intention. Major Hamil- 
ton had to fall back some 4 or 5 miles, but, being re-enforced by Colonel 
Johnson’s regiment, attacked and drove the enemy back across the river. 

I understand that General Wheeler is now crossing Caney Fork at. Lan- 
caster with his forces. A small detachment of my forces are now occupying 
McMinnville. General Wheeler will probably be at this point to-morrow. 
Knowing that it is very important that all information from this direction 
should reach you at once, I send this without its going through the regular 
channel. 

I have just received a dispatch from Colonel Chenault, at Monticello, who 
•states that there is no immediate danger from that direction, as the enemy 
are reported moving toward Bowling Green, Ky. 

I have the honor to remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOHN H. MORGAN, 
Brigadier- General. 



80 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

In his report of the operations in the Department of the 
Cumberland from February 3d to July 26th, 1863, Gen. Hal- 
leek; the Commander-in-Chief of the U. S. Army, says: 

Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds made a raid upon the Manchester and Mc- 
Minnville Railroad, destroying depots, rolling stock, supplies, and other 
property, and capturing 180 prisoners. 

At the conclusion of his report, Gen. Reynolds comments 
upon the status of the Tennessee citizens. As it has some 
bearing upon the importance of the McMinnville raid, the 
conclusion of Reynolds’ report, together with Gen. Thomas’ 
endorsement, is herewith submitted: 

The inhabitants may be divided into three classes : First, the wealthy ; 
second, those of medium means or well-to-do ; and third, the poor. The 
first class, with a f;w noble exceptions, are decided rebels, their farms have 
ing furnished rebel supplies, and their houses have been made stopping 
places for rebel commanders, conscript agents, spies, &c. Without the aid 
furnished by these men, the raids upon the railroad from Murfreesboro to 
Nashville, and from Nashville to Gallatin, and even beyond, could not be 
made. With the supplies furnished by these quiet citizens, the rebels are 
enabled to move almost without transportation or provisions, knowing just 
where forage and subsistence await them. 

The tone of this class in February, when we made our first expedition 
into that part of the country, was quite defiant; they were determined to 
persevere in their rebellion until they secured their rights. They have since 
that time lost no little property in forage and animals to supply both armies, 
and, in addition, their negro men have run away, and the wagons that were 
driven, about February 1, by soldiers detailed for that purpose, were, about 
the last of April, just as well driven by the negroes that formerly lived in 
that section of country, and the strength of the companies was increased 
by the same number of able-bodied soldiers. 

The tone of this class is now changed. They have discovered their mis- 
take. They had been misled. They have found their rights, and they are 
now anxious to take the non-combatant oath, give bonds, and stay at home. 
The question arises here, Shall they be allowed to do so? At the risk of 
being officious, I respectfully answer, no. If the leading men of the neigh- 
borhoods are allowed to remain, although they may give bonds, w 7 hen the 
rebels run into their neighborhoods they will be forced to aid them. If 
they are sent away, their presence and their influence are gone. A few of 
this class returned with us, a step preliminary, I trust, to a longer journey. 

The second class have generally been well-meaning citizens, but without 
much influence politically ; they have become from wavering men loyal 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



81 



citizens ; are desirous of taking the oath, and pursuing their ordinary avoca- 
tions. Many of them have sons conscripted into the rebel service, who 
would desert that service and return home if their fathers were placed in a 
better position politically and their oppressors sent away, so that there 
would be no one to return them to a service which they detest. This class 
is deserving of the fostering care of the Government. 

The third class are all loyal ; they have no weight in the community, 
possess but little property ; they have, in fact, been subjugated all their 
lives. By encouragement they must improve. They have suffered greatly 
from the rebel conscription. The absence of the first class is a thing greatly 
desired bj’ them, but they speak it only in whispers. They have at least 
one thing in their favor — their devotion to the flag of their country is un- 
wavering in both men and women. 

There was one idea that evidently occupied the minds of all classes. We 
were everywhere met with the questions, “Will the Federal Army remain 
in Middle Tennessee?” “Will it go forward and leave us, or will it go back 
and leave us?” There is a feeling of insecurity which can be eradicated 
only by adopting such measures as will convince the loyal people that this 
country is to be possessed only by loyal men, and that when our lines are 
advanced they are advanced forever; that no retrograde step will be taken, 
and that whatever may be necessary to loyalize a district of country will be 
done before the army leaves it. 

J. J. REYNOLDS, 

Major-General Commanding Expedition. 
Lieut. Coe. George E. Feynt, 

Chief of Staff, Fourteenth Army Corps. 

[indorsement.] 

Heat quarters Fourteenth Army Corps, 

Department of the Cumberland, 
Murfreesboro , Tenn., May 4, 1863. 

Respectfully forwarded. 

. Iu organizing the expedition my arrangement was that the force from 
Carthage should arrive at Alexandria on the 21st, if not before, and to re- 
main there, threatening and attracting the attention of the enemy, until the 
morning of the 24th, unless the commanding officer heard firing in the 
direction of Liberty, in which event he was to move at once on Liberty, to 
the support of our troops. He was to have marched on Liberty in any event 
on the 20th, as the programme required that General Reynolds should make 
that place on that day. It is to be regretted that that portion of the expe- 
dition w T as not in position at the time appointed, and there is no doubt the 
expedition, although eminently successful, would have been more fruitful 
in results. 

I take great pleasure in commending to the general commanding the re- 
marks of General Reynolds on the status of the three classes of citizens now 



82 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



inhabiting Tennessee as just and appreciative, and fully indorse his recom- 
mendations as to what should be our policy toward them. If those who 
have heretofore been active rebels were invariably put beyond our lines, we 
should then be able to penetrate and occupy the insurgent territory with 
much more certainty, as we would not then be under the necessity of keep- 
ing up such strong guards in our rear to secure our lines of communication. 

GEO. H. THOMAS, 

Major-General of U. S. Volunteers , Commanding. 

Col. John T. Wilder, the gallant commander of the First 
Brigade, to which the Seventy-fifth Regiment belonged up to 
this time, endeavored to make “ Mounted Infantry” out of 
the Regiments composing his Brigade. His own Regiment 
— the Seventeenth Indiana — and the Ninety-eighth Illinois 
were mounted in the winter of 1863. The Seventy-fifth 
Indiana, however, desired to remain an infantry Regiment, 
and so voted at Murfreesboro. The One-hundred and 
twenty-third Illinois Regiment, belonging to the Second 
Brigade, on the other hand, desired to be “Mounted.” Con- 
sequently, the Seventy-fifth Indiana and One-hundred and 
twenty-third Illinois Regiments exchanged Brigades. This 
exchange was effected May 1st, 1863. 

On the same date — May 1st — we were supplied with new 
tents. Our old wall and Sibley tents were returned, except 
those required by Brigade and Regimental headquarters and 
for field hospitals. Our tents from this date to the close of 
the war consisted of two pieces of coarse muslin, so fitted 
that two soldiers, by buttoning their two pieces together, and 
improvising a simple support by two upright poles and a 
ridge-pole over which the tent was stretched and sloping to 
the ground, and pinned thereby four wooden pins, formed for 
themselves a comfortable shelter from rain and sun. Each 
piece of canvas was owned and carried by a soldier upon his 
knapsack. The tents were called “dog” or “pup” tents, 
because they resembled a common dog kennel. The wagon 
trains were reduced at this time from thirteen wagons to 
three for each Regiment. 

On June 8th, by special Field Order of the Department of 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 83 

the Cumberland, the Fourth Division of the Fourteenth 
Corps was transferred to the Reserve Corps and assumed an- 
other title. The Fifth Division (ours) was from the above 
date to be hereafter known as the Fourth Division, Four- 
teenth Army Corps. By the same order, the Brigade under 
Brig. Gen. George Crook was sent from Carthage to Mur- 
freesboro and assigned to the Fourth (late Fifth) Division, to 
be known as the Third Brigade of the Division. By the 
same order also, the Sixty-eighth Indiana Regiment, with 
Major John S. Scobey in command, was assigned to the Sec- 
ond Brigade, in which the Seventy-fifth Indiana now served. 

The Eightieth Illinois Regiment, assigned to the Bri- 
gade, was on detached duty and did not join the Brigade. 

Our Regiment now entered into a Brigade of three other 
Regiments and a Battery than those with which it had been 
brigaded. Two of these Regiments, the One-hundred and 
first Indiana and the One-hundred and fifth Ohio, and the 
Battery, the Nineteenth Indiana, remained with our Regi- 
ment and our Regiment with them, mutually enduring the 
same hardships and fighting the same battles, to the close of 
the war. 

The Sixty-eighth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers was 
raised in the Fourth Congressional District of Indiana, and 
organized at Greensburg. It was mustered into the service 
of the United States at Indianapolis on August 19th, 1862, 
with Edward A. King as Colonel, and on the same date at 
midnight proceeded for Louisville, Ky. On the 1st of Sep- 
tember it reported to General Dumont at Lebanon, Ky. 
From thence it was transported to Munfordsville, Ky., where, 
on the 17th, it was captured with some other National troops 
by Bragg’s army. 

There is an interesting episode connected with the capitu- 
lation of this Regiment at Munfordsville, which reveals the 
great presence of mind and loyalty to the flag of the Colonel, 
who subsequently lost his life while in command of our Brig- 
ade. When the Sixty-eighth left home for the front, the ladies 



84 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

of Greensburg presented the Regiment with a silk flag. Just 
before it surrendered to Bragg’s overwhelming forces, Col- 
onel King wrapped this flag under his clothing around his 
body. He thus wore it two weeks and saved it from cap- 
ture. 

After the Regiment was exchanged, it was sent to Murfrees- 
boVo, Tennessee, where it joined the Brigade to which we be- 
longed at that time, and remained with us until the battle of 
Chickamauga had been fought. I11 the battle of Hoover’s 
Gap the Regiment lost one killed and six wounded. I11 the 
battle of Chickamauga it entered with 356 officers and men, 
and lost over one third of them, including its Colonel. 

On the nth of October, 1863, it was transferred to Willich’s 
Brigade, Wood’s Division, Granger’s Corps, and with its 
Brigade was in the assault at Missionary Ridge, losing 82 
killed and wounded. It was on the march to the relief of 
Burnside at Knoxville, returning April 28th, 1864, to Chatta- 
nooga. After Sherman’s army had entered upon the Atlanta 
campaign, it did garrison duty in Chattanooga, until August 
14th, when it was ordered to Dalton, Ga., to drive out 
Wheeler’s Confederate Cavalry, which had swung around 
into Sherman’s rear. It did this work handsomely, with the 
loss of a Captain and five enlisted men. 

At the time of Confederate General Hood’s invasion into- 
Tennessee, the Sixty-eighth Regiment was doing guard duty 
along the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad, and had fre- 
quent skirmishes with his army. On December 15th, 1864, it 
helped to completely thrash Hood at Nashville. It joined in 
the pursuit of Hood’s retreating army, and finally got back 
to Chattanooga, where it remained guarding bridges, until 
the close of hostilities. 

On June 20th, 1865, the Regiment was mustered out of 
service at Nashville, and returned to Indiana. The Sixty- 
eighth was a splendid Regiment, and did much hard service. 

The One-hundred and first Regiment of Indiana Volun- 
teers was organized in the same Congressional District of In- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 85 

diana (Eleventh) in which our Regiment was raised. Some 
of its Companies were raised in the same towns and localities 
from which Companies of our Regiment came, hence near re- 
latives and intimate friends of each other were members of 
both Regiments. 

The organization of the One-hundred and first was effected 
during the month of August, 1862, at Wabash, and it was 
mustered into the U. S. service on September 7th, with Will- 
iam Garver as Colonel. To assist in repelling the invasion of 
General E. Kirby Smith, the Regiment was sent to Coving- 
ton, Ky. It was transported by boat, on September 23d, to 
Louisville, Ky., and on October 1st marched in pursuit of 
Bragg, with General McCook’s command. It escorted the 
wagon train of the Tenth Division from Maxwell to Spring- 
field, and thence to Crab Orchard, Ky. It was employed in 
guarding the railroad bridge at Munfordsville until Novem- 
ber 30th. From thence it moved to Glasgow, and thence to 
Castalian Springs, Tennessee, where it remained until De- 
cember 26th. It then went in pursuit of Morgan, and re- 
turned to the Springs by the 2d of January, 1863. It left 
here for Murfreesboro, arriving there on the ntli. Here it 
was assigned to Hall’s Brigade, Reynolds’ Division, partici- 
pating in many of the reconnaissances of the Division from 
Murfreesboro. The One-liundred and first was the only In- 
diana Regiment in the fight at Vaught’s Hill, near Milton, 
Tennessee, on March 20th, 1863, where General John H. 
Morgan was completely whipped. It was here on the left of 
the Brigade, and lost 43 in killed and wounded. From May 
1st, 1863, to the close of hostilities, the history of the One- 
hundred and first is practically the history of the Seventy- 
fifth Regiment. 

Colonel Garver resigned May 30th, 1863, and Lieutenant 
Colonel Thomas Doan assumed the command of the Regi- 
ment. The Regiment was engaged at Hoover’s Gap, and 
moved with its Brigade to Manchester, Tullahoma and Elk 
River. It was encamped on University Place, and marched 



86 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

via Battle Creek, through the Sequatchie Valley to Shel- 
mound Station, crossed the Raccoon and Lookout Mountains 
to the battlefield of Chickamauga, where its loss was 119 in 
killed, wounded and missing. The Regiment took part in 
the storming of Missionary Ridge, losing in the battle 35 
in killed, wounded and missing. It took an active part also 
in the Atlanta campaign, and in the March to the Sea, and 
through the Carolinas. The One-hundred and first was a 
very fine Regiment; it had many brave and competent officers, 
whose staunch, soldierly virtues were reflected in their men, 
making the Regiment a reliable and hard-fighting one. 

After reaching Washington city at the close of the war, the 
Regiment was sent to Louisville, Ky. , where, on the 24th of 
June, 1865, it was mustered out of the service and returned to 
Indianapolis. 

The Nineteenth Indiana Battery of Light Artillery was or- 
ganized and mustered into the U. S. service on August 5th, 
1862, at Indianapolis. Its Captain, Samuel J. Harris, of 
Columbus, Indiana, had been in the Artillery Service in the 
war with Mexico, having participated in the battles of Mon- 
terey, Vera Cruz, and Cerro Gordo. I11 consideration of his 
superior knowledge of the Artillery arm of service prior to 
the Rebellion, he was commissioned Captain of the Seventh 
Indiana Battery in 1861. Here signed March 29th, 1862, and 
re-entered the service as Captain of the Nineteenth Battery. 
He was wounded at Chickamauga and at Buzzard Roost, 
while in command of his Battery, in consequence of which 
he was compelled to resign on June 3d, 1864, when Lieuten- 
ant W. P. Stackhouse was promoted to his position. 

At the time of the invasion of Kentucky by the Confede- 
rates under Bragg and Kirby Smith, the Nineteenth Battery 
was ordered to Louisville, where it joined the Army of the 
Ohio. It was assigned to the Tenth Division, commanded 
by General J. S. Jackson. It fought with this Division, Oc- 
tober 8th, 1862, at Perryville, where four of its guns were 
captured, but recovered the following day. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



8 / 



After Perryville the Battery was actively employed in fre- 
quent hard inarches throughout Kentucky in pursuit of the 
Confederates under Morgan, and reached the army of Rose- 
crans at Murfreesboro, the day following the battle of Stone’s 
River. Here, in January, 1863, it was assigned to our Brigade 
and Division. At the reorganization of the Army at Chatta- 
nooga, the Nineteenth Battery was assigned with our Regi- 
ment to the Second Brigade, Third Division, Fourteenth 
Corps, with which it remained to the close of the war, partic- 
ipating in all the principal battles of the Division. At the 
battle of Bentonville, N. C. , on March 19th, 1865, Lieutenant 
Webb of the Battery was killed. 

After Joe Johnston’s surrender, the Battery embarked 011 a 
steamer at Newbern for Washington city, and took part 
there in the grand review, and then went to Indianapolis, 
where on June 10th, 1865, it was formally mustered out of 
the service. 

The Nineteenth Battery did splendid work at the battles of 
Perryville and Chickamauga. In the former it lost 18 men, 
and in the latter 20 in killed, wounded and missing. It was 
among the best Batteries that entered the service. 

The One-hundred and fifth Ohio Infantry Volunteers was 
what was known as a Western Reserve (Ohio) Regiment. It 
was mustered into the United States service on August 20th 
and 21st, 1862 at Camp Taylor, near Cleveland, Ohio, with 
Albert S. Hall as Colonel. The Regiment was composed of 
farmers, clerks, students, teachers and other professional men 
from the counties of Lake, Geauga, Ashtabula, Trumbull and 
Mahoning. Men of more than ordinary intelligence and 
bravery made up its rank and file. Albion W. Tourgee, 
author of “A Fool’s Errand ” and “Bricks without Straw,” 
was a Lieutenant in the Regiment. It left the State of Ohio 
with 1013 men for Covington, Ky., on the evening of the 21st 
of August, being the first Regiment organized under the call 
of August 4th, 1862, to leave the State. It arrived at Cov- 
ington August 2 2d. 



88 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Having been fully armed and equipped for the field, the 
Regiment left Covington by railroad for Lexington, on 
August 25th, arriving there the same day. Here it was as- 
signed to a Brigade in command of Colonel Charles Ander- 
son of the Ninety-third Ohio. From this place, the Regiment 
with several others made a forced march to reinforce General 
Nelson at Richmond, Kentucky, but the battle was fought 
and lost before its arrival. It returned to the town of Lex- 
ington, which was evacuated by September 1st, the One 
hundred and fifth being the rear guard. This was a forced 
march to Louisville over dusty and dry roads, with scarcity 
of water, causing the men to suffer greatly. It was the bap- 
tismal campaign of the Regiment, and told sadly on both 
officers and men. The march was completed by the 5th, the 
men arriving at Louisville footsore and exhausted. Here 
the Regiment was assigned to a Brigade in command of 
Brig. Gen. Terrell, and to a Division in command of Brig. 
Gen. Jackson, which developed into the Thirty-third Brigade, 
Tenth Division, under Buell. At this time Louisville was 
in an excitement over the invasion into Kentucky of the two 
Confederate armies under Generals Bragg and Kirby Smith, 
and the National troops were ordered to build fortifications 
for defense. General Nelson was placed in command. Here 
the One-hundred and fifth Ohio was kept at fatigue duty, and 
drilling and taking precautionary steps to prevent surprise. 

After the arrival of Buell with his army, the One-hundred 
and fifth left Louisville October 1st, via Taylorsville and 
Bloomfield to Perry ville, where it was engaged on the 8th in 
the memorable battle. Here, with the One-hundred and 
twenty-third Illinois, the Regiment supported Parson’s Bat- 
tery. The Regiment lost very heavily, 47 men being killed 
and 212 wounded out of a strength of 800, making the casual- 
ties of the Regiment to be 33^ per cent. Among the slain 
of the Regiment were Captains Dwight McKee and Robert 
Wilson, and four other officers were wounded. Both the Di- 
vision and the Brigade commanders, Jackson and Terrell, 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 89 

were killed, and Colonel Hall of the One-hundred and fifth 
assumed the command of the Division. 

After the battle of Perryville, the Regiment, under com- 
mand of Lieut. -Colonel Tolies, marched to Danville. Colonel 
Hall was here relieved of the command of the Division by 
Brig-Gen. Robert S. Granger, and took command of the Bri- 
gade. At Danville the Brigade, in which the Regiment 
served, was detached and ordered to Munfordsville, arriving 
October 25th. Here it remained up to November 30th, per- 
forming post and guard duty. Leaving here, the Regiment 
marched to Glasgow, thence to Carthage, Tennessee. 

On leaving Kentucky, the Brigade, in which the Regi- 
ment served, was ordered to the town of Hartsville to rein- 
force Colonel Moore’s Brigade, that was captured there. It 
remained only one night here, and proceeded to Bledsoe’s 
Creek, where it was assigned to the Twelfth Division, in com- 
mand of General Reynolds, and participated with the Divis- 
ion in pursuit of Morgan. The Division was then ordered to 
join the main army at Murfreesboro, where it arrived early 
in January, 1863. It was this diversion of the Division in 
pursuit of Morgan, which prevented the Regiment from par- 
ticipation in the battle of Stone’s River. 

A permanent assignment was here made by making Hall’s 
the Second Brigade, and Reynolds’ the Fifth, and soon af- 
terwards, the Fourth Division of the Fourteenth Corps. The 
Regiment here accompanied its Brigade and Division on 
their frequent reconnaissances. 

On the 20th of March it was engaged with its Brigade in 
the battle of Milton, where Morgan was severly chastised. 

In the Tullahoma campaign, beginning June 24th, 
Colonel Hall and Lieut-Colonel Tolies, of the One-hundred 
and fifth — the former in command of the Brigade, and the 
latter commanding the Regiment — were left at Murfreesboro 
sick, Colonel Hall dying there on the iotli of July. Colonel 
Milton S. Robinson of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment 
succeeded to the command of the Brigade, and Major George 
7 



90 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

T. Perkins to that of the Regiment. While lying in camp at 
University Place, during the warmest weather, Colonel Ed- 
ward A. King of the Sixty-eighth Indiana Regiment was as- 
signed to the command of the Brigade. 

In the battle of Chickamauga, the One-hundred and fifth 
Ohio made a most gallant charge under command of Major 
Perkins, in which the heroic Major was wounded. The other 
casualties of the Regiment in the battle were 70 men killed, 
wounded and taken prisoners, among whom was Captain E. 
A. Spaulding mortally wounded. Two of the largest Com- 
panies of the Regiment were not in the engagement, being 
on detached duty, so that in proportion to the number of 
men engaged, the casualties were very heavy. 

While lying at Chattanooga the army was reorganized, 
and the One-hundred and fifth was assigned to the Second 
Brigade, (Col. Vanderveer’s) and Third Division, (General 
Baird’s) of the Fourteenth Corps. . 

In the battle of Missionary Ridge, the Regiment lost 
eleven in killed and wounded. In the long and fatiguing 
campaign for the capture of Atlanta, the record of the Regi- 
ment was good. While not immediately engaged in any of 
the heavy engagements 011 the campaign, the Regiment had 
many casualties. On the campaign of the March to the Sea, 
the Regiment was not engaged, but performed its whole 
duty. It was in the campaign through the Carolinas of 
sixty-three days’ duration ; in the reviews of both Goldsboro, 
N. C., and Washington, D. C. 

The Regiment was mustered out at Washington, June 3d, 
1865, and returned to Cleveland, Ohio, on the 5th, where it 
was paid off and disbanded on the 8th. Of the 1013 men 
who left Cleveland in 1862, only 427 were mustered out there 
in 1865. The Regiment had marched more than 4000 miles 
during its service. 

The following Regiments composed the Division as it 
entered upon the Tullahoma campaign: 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



9 1 



FOURTH DIVISION. 



Maj. -Gen. Joseph J. Reynoeds. 



First Brigade. 



Second Brigade. 



Col. John T. Wieder. 
qSth Illinois, Col. John J. Funk- 
houser. 

123d Illinois, Col. James Monroe. 
17th Indiana, Lieut. Col. Henry Jor- 
dan. 

72d Indiana, Col. Abram O. Miller. 



Col. Aebert S. Haee. 

80th Illinois, Lieut. Herman Steiu- 
ecke. 

68th Indiana, Maj. John S. Scobey. 
75th Indiana, Col. Milton S. Robin- 
son. 

ioist Indiana, Lieut. Col. Thomas 
Doan. 

105th Ohio, Maj. George T. Perkins. 



Third Brigade. 

Brig. -Gen. George Crook. 

18th Kentucky, Lieut. Col. Hubbard K. Milward. 
nth Ohio, Col. Philander P. Lane. 

36th Ohio, Col. William G. Jones. 

89th Ohio, Lieut. Col. William H. Glenn. 

92d Ohio, Col. Benjamin D. Fearing. 

A rtillery. 

18th Indiana Battery, Capt. Fli Lilly. 

19th Indiana Battery, Capt. Samuel J. Harris. 

2 1st Indiana Battery, Capt. William W. Andrew. 



CHAPTER IV. 



THE TUEEAHOMA CAMPAIGN — BATTEE OF HOOVER’S GAP — 

TUEEAHOMA. 

(JUNE 24TH, TO JUEY 1ST, 1863.) 

By general order from the War Department, January 9th, 
1863, the National Army lying at Murfreesboro was divided 
into three Army Corps — the Fourteenth, Twentieth and the 
Twenty-first. These generally corresponded to the divisions 
under the titles of Centre, Right and Left wings. Major- 
General W. S. Rosecrans commanded the Army. 

The Fourteenth Corps, in command of Major-General 
Geo. H. Thomas, was divided into four Divisions; the First 
was commanded by Major-General Lovell H. Rousseau; the 
Second by Major-General James S. Negley; the Third by 
Brigadier-General John M. Brannan; and the Fourth by 
Major-Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. 

The Twentieth Corps was under the command of Major- 
Gen. Alexander McD. McCook. This Army Corps was 
divided into three Divisions, commanded respectively in the 
order named by Brig.-Gen. Jefferson C. Davis, Brig.-Gen. 
Richard R. Johnson, and Major. -Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. 

The Twenty-first Corps was under the command of Major- 
Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden. Brig.-Gen. Thomas J. Wood, 
Major-Gen. John M. Palmer, and Brig.-Gen. Horatio P. Van 
Cleve commanded the three Divisions into which the Corps 
was divided in the order named. 

June 8th, 1863, the Reserve Corps of the Army of the 
Cumberland was organized. Major-Gen. Gordon Granger 
was placed in command of it. This Corps was divided into 
three Divisions, which were commanded respectively by 

(92) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 93 

Brig. -Gens. Absalom Baird, James D. Morgan and Robert S. 
Granger. 

The Cavalry Corps was under the command of Major Gen. 
David S. Stanley. The Corps was divided into two Divisions, 
commanded by Brig. Generals Robert B. Mitchell and John 
B. Turchin. 

The Confederate Army under General Braxton Bragg, lying 
in and around Shelbyville, was divided into two Corps d’ 
Armee; Lieutenant Generals Leonidas Polk commanded the 
one, and William J. Hardee the other. Polk’s Corps was 
encamped at Shelbyville, and Hardee’s was holding Hoover’s, 
Bell Buckle and Liberty Gaps, with his headquarters at 
Wartrace. 

The Confederate Cavalry of Bragg’s Army was under Gen- 
erals Joseph Wheeler and Nathan B. Forrest, which stretched 
from McMinnville to Columbia. The effective strength of 
the army under Bragg was estimated at 43,000. The army 
of Rosecrans, at the beginning of its advance against Bragg, 
numbered about 65,000 effective men. 

The Confederates had possession of all the resources of the 
fertile Duck River Valley by an extension of their Cavalry 
force on their right and left from McMinnville to Columbia. 
Their Infantry occupied a very strong position just north of 
the Duck River, among the long, rugged, rocky, irregular 
hills and ridges in which Bedford and Coffee counties in Tenn- 
essee abound, which divide the “Barrens” from the lower 
level of Middle Tennessee. These ridges and hills were in- 
terrupted at intervals by the above named Gaps occupied by 
the Confederates, and through which the National Army 
must pass to move upon Bragg. The Confederates also built 
intrenchments about Shelbyville, which they occupied, with 
the hope that when Rosecrans did advance, he would give 
them battle as they lay behind these works. Chattanooga 
was the principal base of supplies, and Tullahoma was the 
depot for Bragg’s Army. 

The authorities at the seat of Government in Washington,, 



94 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

D. C., were urging Rosecrans to begin an aggressive cam- 
paign against Bragg. Although parts of his Army, at differ- 
ent times, were sent out in various directions on reconnoiter- 
ing expeditions, yet the country was anxiously waiting for 
a general movement against Bragg. But Rosecrans had to 
amass his army, mount his Cavalry, and get everything in 
first class order, before he could advance. It required a 
superior army in every way to defeat Bragg. Rosecrans 
could not advance except through the passes, between the 
high hills which Bragg’s army held. The by-roads between 
McMinnville and Manchester, if he undertook to advance in 
that direction, were not in a condition for the movement of a 
vast army. 

When everything was in readiness, the National army 
under Rosecrans began the Tullahoma or the Middle Tenne- 
see campaign on the 24th of June, 1863. The advance of 
the army from Murfreesboro, upon this short but successful 
and highly important campaign against the Confederates 
under Bragg, was initiated in the following way: Bragg’s 
forces were intrenched at Shelbyville, but Rosecrans deter- 
mined to render their intrenchments useless by endeavoring 
to turn their right flank, and moving to their rear upon the 
railroad bridge on Elk River. This movement, however, 
could not have been accomplished except by making Bragg 
believe that Rosecrans would advance by the Shelbyville 
route. Rosecrans had to keep this impression upon Bragg’s 
mind until a large part of his army could reach Manchester, 
which could be done only by passing through Hoover’s Gap, 
and Matt’s Hollow, a narrow way between high hills five 
miles long. The gorge was so narrow that one army wagon 
could scarcely pass another. 

To accomplish this feat of arms, Rosecrans, on the day be- 
fore the general movement of the army, ordered Mitchell’s 
Cavalry to make a furious attack upon the Confederate out- 
posts south-west of Murfreesboro, along the Eagleville and 
Shelbyville pike, and drive them rapidly to their main line. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 95 

On the same day, the Reserve Corps, under Gen. Gordon 
Granger, and the Third Division, Fourteenth Corps, under 
Gen. Brannan, were ordered to Salem. Palmer’s Division 
and a Brigade of Cavalry pushed out rapidly eastward on 
the Readyville pike to the vicinity of Bradyville, seizing a 
defile in the hills leading to Manchester. The balance of the 
National army was ordered to be in readiness to march at a 
moment’s warning with 12 days’ rations. 

This ruse had its desired effect upon Bragg. He ordered 
Buckner’s Corps from East Tennessee to reinforce him at 
Shelbyville. He prepared himself behind his intrench - 
ments to receive Rosecrans. Rosecrans, however, had no 
intention of fighti ng Bragg on grounds of the latter’s selec- 
tion. He simply wanted to compel Bragg to fight him on 
grounds which he himself would select, or to compel him to 
retreat, which he (Bragg) did, as the result of the campaign 
shows. 

On Wednesday, June 24th, the advance movement of the 
entire army began. The Twentieth Corps advanced on the 
Shelbyville pike in the direction of Eiberty Gap. By de- 
flection, the troops passed through Millersburg, where two 
Divisions of the Corps bivouacked for the night, while the 
other troops proceeded towards the Gap. When McCook 
had advanced some distance, after entering the Wartrace 
road, Johnson’s Division encountered the Confederates at 
the Liberty Gap, which after a hard fight was taken and 
held. The capture of Liberty Gap, which cost Willich’s and 
Miller’s Brigades of Johnson’s Division and Carlin’s Brigade 
of Davis’ Division the sacrifice of 231 men, killed and 
wounded, was a gallant and creditable affair. Major-Gen. 
Patrick R. Cleburne’s Division, on the Confederate side, lost 
the heaviest in this engagement. The entire Confederate 
loss was 100 killed and 750 wounded. 

The Reserve Corps took the Middleton road, accompanied 
by the Third Division of the Fourteenth Corps, from Salem, 
where they had been ordered the day previous, and advanced 



g6 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

on Christiana, bivouacking at night in rear of the Twentieth 
Corps. 

The Twenty-first Corps, except the Division of Van Cleve, 
which was left at Murfreesboro, concentrated at Bradyville 
to await orders. The casualties of this Corps in the Tulla- 
homa campaign were but one man wounded. The Four- 
teenth Corps, under Thomas, left Murfreesboro on the 
Manchester pike. The Fourth Division under Reynolds 
took the initiative — starting at 4 o’clock in the morning. 
The First Division, under Rousseau, moved at 7 a. m. in 
support of Reynolds. The Second Division, under Negley, 
being in reserve, did not start until 10 o’clock in the morn- 
ing. 

Our Division advanced in the following order: The First 
Brigade of mounted Infantry, Colonel John T. Wilder com- 
manding, moved on the right. Our Brigade advanced on 
the left. On this campaign, Colonel Milton S. Robinson of 
our Regiment commanded our Brigade, in place of the gallant 
and late lamented Colonel Albert S. Hall, who died of fever, 
July 10th, 1863. Colonel Edward A. King of the Sixty- 
eighth Indiana was absent sick; otherwise he would have 
been in command. The Third Brigade was in reserve in 
this advance movement. It was commanded by Brigadier 
General George Crook, who subsequently became a noted 
Cavalry officer in the Shenandoah Valley/and a famous Indi- 
an fighter of the Northwest. The soldiers of the Fourth 
Division of the Fourteenth Corps, which were the only Na- 
tional troops in the battle of Hoover’s Gap, met the Confed- 
erate Cavalry pickets about two miles in advance of our 
own picket line, at Big Spring Branch. These pickets were 
composed of the First Kentucky Confederate Cavalry, under 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel J. W. Griffith. We pushed 
these pickets to their reserve force, all of which we drove 
pell-mell through Hoover’s Gap, as far as McBride’s Creek, 
18 miles south of Murfreesboro. This movement was exe- 
cuted so rapidly and persistently, and the location for the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



97 



movement of Cavalry was so unfavorable, that this Confeder- 
ate Cavalry force had no time and opportunity to reform, but 
was compelled to break and scatter in every direction over 
the hills. 

The Mounted Brigade was ordered out the Manchester 
road towards Fairfield, and down the Noah’s Fork road, as 
far as Robertson’s Mill. On these roads, small detachments 
of this same cavalry Regiment, under Col. J. R. Butler and 
Lt. Col. Griffith, were met, scattered and demoralized. The 
Second and Third Brigades of Infantry under Robinson and 
Crook now moved into the Gap, and made preparations for 
an attack. About 2 o’clock in the afternoon, three Confed- 
erate Infantry Regiments and a Battery — Twentieth Tenn- 
essee, the First Georgia and the Fourth Georgia Battalion 
and the Eufaula’s Battery — under the personal command of 
Brig. Gen. W. B. Bate, vigorously attacked the First Brigade 
at Garrison’s Fork, near the southern terminus of the Gap, 
This was too much for Wilder; Bate claims that he drove him 
back into the Gap. The Second and Third Brigades of In- 
fantry were now rapidly pushed forward to the affray. Bate 
became alarmed about the security of his left flank, and un- 
der the eye of ,Gen. A. P. Stewart, his Division commander, 
who was now on the field, he sent the Fifteenth and Thirty- 
Seventh Tennessee Regiments, which had now come up, to- 
gether with the Ninth Georgia Battalion, on a charge across 
Garrison’s Fork to gain the hills so as to protect his flank. 
This attack was made with spirit and resolution. They 
gained some momentary advantage. The Thirty-seventh 
Georgia was also sent to gain one of the hills, from which we 
received an enfilade fire. A Confederate Brigade, under 
Brig. Gen. Bushrod R. Johnson, moved in the rear of Bate’s 
Brigade as a support. It was now about 4 o’clock in the af- 
ternoon. The disposition of the Second Brigade to meet this 
vigorous attack was as follows: The Nineteenth Indiana Bat- 
tery, under Capt. S. J. Harris, was stationed on a command- 
ing elevation with the Sixty-eighth Indiana Regiment in sup- 



9 8 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

port. The Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment, under Lt. Col. 
Wm. O’Brien, supported by the two remaining Regiments of 
the Brigade — the One-liundred and first Indiana and One- 
hundred and fifth Ohio — double quicked to the extreme right 
of our line, which was greatly pressed by a large force. 
When the Regiment got into position here, it fought despe- 
rately for the space of two hours. The position of the Regi- 
ment here was in front of a strip of cedars, facing the accli- 
vity of a steep hill, at the foot of which ran Garrison’s Fork 
of the Duck River. From the official report of Gen. Bate, 
the Thirty-seventh Georgia Confederate Regiment, under 
Col. A. F. Rudler, which had been ordered to occupy this 
hill, and direct an enfilade fire upon the force engaging the 
Confederate left, composed the troops confronting the Sev- 
enty-fifth Indiana. Robinson’s Brigade, with the assistance 
of two Regiments of Wilder’s Brigade with their Spencer 
Carbines, succeeded in dislodging the Confederates under 
Bate and Johnson, and driving them back from the hills and 
woods on our right, and thus preventing them from turning 
our right flank. 

In the fight at this point, though the loss in the Second 
Brigade was slight, Bate’s Confederate Brigade lost very 
heavily. In his official report to his chief, Gen. Bate says: 

‘ 4 My command — having lost in killed and wounded nearly twenty-five per 
cent, of the number engaged, being wet from the drenching rain, and ex- 
hausted from the fight — was relieved by the reinforcements, except the 
Twentieth Tennessee and Bufaula Light Artillery, which remained without 
intermission in line of battle. Thus closed with the day a most spirited and 
sanguinary conflict, in which less than 700 men (about one-half of my Bri- 
gade) successfully fought and drove back into Hoover’s Gap and held at bay 
•until nightfall the battalions of the advancing foe. It was a bright day for 
the glory of our arms, but a sad one, when we consider the loss of the many 
gallant spirits who sealed with their blood their devotion to our cause.” 

This estimated loss, which Gen. Bate herein gives, must be 
an exaggeration. He could not have lost twenty-five per 
cent, of his men engaged, unless his Regiments were greatly 
depleted, for he had four Regiments and a Battalion, and two 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



99 



Batteries engaged, the loss of which in killed and wounded 
aggregated 145, including nine officers. The official returns 
of casualties, herewith following, of the only two Divisions — 
Federal and Confederate — engaged in the fight, show all the 
losses. 

The affair at Hoover’s Gap was a complete victory to 
Reynolds’ Division. The odds were largely against the Con- 
federates. Their gallant effort to prevent an onward move- 
ment of the National army proved utterly futile. For the 
time occupied and the number of men engaged, the battle 
was sanguinary — especially on the Confederate side. The 
casualties in the Fourth Division were 15 killed and 60 
wounded. Among the killed was the Rev. John R. Eddy, 
the chaplain of the Seventy-second Indiana Regiment, He 
was killed by a cannon ball. In Stewart’s Confederate Di- 
vision were 22 killed, 153 wounded, and 40 captured. The 
largest portion of the prisoners were from the first Kentucky 
Cavalry (which is not given in the tabulated statement fol- 
lowing). With the prisoners of this Regiment, a battle flag 
was captured. This trophy, made of silk and beautifully 
embroidered, was a present to the First Kentucky Confeder- 
ate Cavalry, from the sister of Gen. B. H. Helm, who subse- 
quently lost his life in the battle of Chickamauga, leading the 
Kentucky (Confederate) Brigade. He was a brother-in-law 
of Mrs. President Lincoln. 

Rosecrans, by selecting the route upon which he marched 
his army, could not have successfully made the Tullahoma 
campaign without passing through Hoover’s Gap. Bragg 
very well knew this, hence he stubbornly and persistently 
held the Gap as long as he could. It cost our Division sev- 
eral valuable lives, but the importance of its possession was 
the compensation for the sacrifice which we made to take it. 



IOO 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Return of Casualties in the Fourth Division , Fourteenth Army Corps , in the 
Battle of Hoover's Gap , June 24 th, 1863. 





Killed. 


Wounded. 


Captured or 














missing. 




FOURTH DIVISION. 




5 




a 

CD 




a 

<D 








a 




a 




a 


JD 


Maj. -Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. 
First Brigade. 

Col. John T. Weeder. 


Officers. 


r d 

<D 

CO 

W 


Officers. 


C3 

to 

Ts 

W 


Officers. 


<D 

to 

3 

w 


bJO 

<D 

bo 

be 

<1 


98th Illinois 




1 




4 






5 


123d Illinois 




2 




4 






6 


17th Indiana 




6 


1 


18 






25 


72d Indiana 


1 


1 




1 2 






14 


Total First Brigade 


1 


10 


1 


38 






50 


Second Brigade. 
















Col. Mieton S. Robinson. 
















68th Indiana 




1 


1 


5 






7 


75th Indiana 






2 






2 


101st Indiana 








6 






6 


105th Ohio 








1 






1 


Total Second Brigade .... 




1 


1 


14 






16 


Third Brigade. 
















Brig.-Gen. George Crook. 

1 8th Kentucky 




2 




3 






5 


92d Ohio 




1 




1 






2 


Total Third Brigade 




3 




4 






7_ 


Artillery. 
















18th Indiana Battery 








1 






j 


19th Indiana Battery 




1 




1 






1 


Total Artillery 




1 




2 






2 


Total Fourth Division .... 


1 | 


~4 


2 


58 






75 ~ 



Considering the spirited fighting which onr Regiment did, 
and the amount of damage inflicted upon the enemy at 
Hoover’s Gap, the loss in the Seventy-fifth was unusually 
small. The casualties were two men wounded. Cyrus V. 
Gorrell, of Company K, lost an eye in this battle. Isaac 
Pitzer, of Company B, was shot in the face, from the effects of 
which he died after the war. 



IOI 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

Return of Casualties in Bate's Brigade , Stewart's Division , in the Skirmish 
at Hoover's Gap , June 2\th-2bth, 1863. 



[Compiled from nominal list of casualties.] 



Command. 


Killed. 


Wounded. 


Aggregate. 


Officers. 


Enlisted men. 


Officers. 


Enlisted men. 


9th Alabama 








5 


5 


1st [37^] Georgia 




3 


3 


42 


48 


15th and 37th Tennessee 




1 




5 


6 


20th Tennessee 


3 


6 


1 


23 


33 


Caswell’s Battalion 


1 


3 


1 


38 


43 


Eufaula Battery 




2 


. . . 


6 


8 


Maney’s Battery 








2 


2 


Total 


4 


15 


5 


121 


145 



Officers REPORTED kieeED.— Caswell's Battalion, Adjt. J. R. Yourie; 
Twentieth Tennessee, Maj. F. Claybrooke [died of wounds), Capt. J. A. Pet- 
tigrew, and Adjt. James W. Thomas. 



Return of Casualties in Bushrod Johnson's Brigade, Stewart's Division , 
Hardee's Corps , in the Skirmish at Hoover's Gap , June 24 th, 1863. 




Total. 



102 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



The number of officers and men who were left in Middle 
Tennessee by desertion and otherwise, and have not yet re- 
turned, are as follows: 



Command. 


Officers. 1 

! 


5 

s 


17th Tennessee 


3 


125 


23d Tennessee 




52 


25th Tennsssee 




47 


44th Tennessee * • . . 




104 


Battery 




4 


Total 


3 


332 



By the morning of the 25th, the Fourth Division had got- 
ten quite through the Gap, and occupied the deep narrow 
gorge, known as Matt’s Hollow. Rousseau’s Division was 
encamped near’ the Widow Hoover’s house in supporting dis- 
tance, and Negley’s Division was at Big Spring Branch in 
Rousseau’s rear. The disposition of the Fourth Division was 
as the previous day. 

The Confederates planted two cannon directly opposite the 
right of our line. Reynolds placed two guns of Lilly’s Bat- 
tery in position opposite the Confederate guns, which resulted 
in an artillery duel of a few hours, after which the Confede- 
rates withdrew their guns. 

Capt. Harris, of the Nineteenth Indiana Battery, belonging 
to the Second Brigade, put two of his rifled cannon in a com- 
manding position on a high knob, from which they did ex- 
cellent work during the day. The Regiments of Infantry 
supporting Harris’ Battery — the Seventy-fifth being one — 
skirmished quite lively at times with the Confederate pickets 
nearly all day. About sunset there was a vigorous artillery 
duel of an hour between the Batteries, with very little dam- 
age to our forces. The casualties of the 25th of June in the 
Fourth Division were three killed and six wounded. Gen. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 103 

Thomas made the following disposition of the Fourteenth 
Corps during the night: Rousseau’s Division was placed in 
the immediate rear of Reynolds, to be in readiness to attack 
the Confederates at Beech Grove. The Third Division under 
Brannan, having arrived from Salem and encamped at 
Hoover’s Mill, moved up very early in the morning, before 
daylight, to take part in the assault. The Second Division 
(Negley’s) moved in support of the others. It rained inces- 
santly during the night of the 25th, as it did almost without 
intermission during the campaign, which made it very diffi- 
cult for the Divisions of the Corps to move into their respect- 
ive positions. 

On the morning of the 26th, the Divisions of the Corps co- 
operated in a gallant fight at Beech Grove, with a small loss 
to our forces. Immediately thereafter the First and Third 
Divisions drove the Confederates in the direction of Fairfield. 
The Fourth Division rapidly advanced toward Manchester, 
encamping a few miles north of the place, having taken nine 
prisoners on the way. During the morning of the next day, 
the Division quickly moved into the town, capturing a guard 
of twenty prisoners at the railroad depot, three of whom were 
commissioned officers. The town was taken by a complete 
surprise. The Division spent the day of the 28th here rest- 
ing, except Wilder’s mounted Brigade, which was sent via 
Hillsborough to cut the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad 
in the vicinity of Decherd. 

During the 26th, the Twentieth Corps remained encamped 
at Liberty Gap, and the Reserve Corps at Christiana. The 
Twenty-first Corps marched with great difficulty over the 
muddy roads in the direction of Manchester. The Twentieth 
Corps withdrew from Liberty Gap on the 27th, and passed 
through Hoover’s Gap, marching towards Manchester in rear 
of the Fourteenth Corps. The Reserve Corps with Stanley’s 
Cavalry captured Guy’s Gap, through which they passed to 
Shelbyville after brushing away Wharton’s Confederate 
Cavalry a few miles north of the town. 



104 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

All these movements on the theatre of war proved conclu- 
sively that Bragg considered his line of defense no longer 
tenable, and by the withdrawal of his army from Rosecrans’ 
front, the success of the latter’s strategy was confirmed. 

During the morning of the 29th, in a drenching rain, the 
Second and Third Brigades of the Fourth Division, Four- 
teenth Corps, marched in the direction of Tullahoma, en- 
camping within five miles of the town near Concord Church, 
at the intersection of the Tullahoma and Winchester roads. 
At the same time the First and Third Divisions encamped at 
Crumpton’s Creek and the Second at Bobo’s Cross Roads. At 
Concord Church the two Brigades of the Fourth Division lay 
in camp all day of the 30th. O11 this date, Gen. Thomas 

sent upon a reconnaissance in the direction of Tullahoma the 
Second Brigade of the Third Division, under Gen. Steedman, 
and two Ohio Regiments from the Third Brigade of the 
Fourth Division — the Eighty-ninth and Ninety-second — un- 
der Col. Fearing. These troops advanced on different roads 
within two miles of the town before discovering the Confed- 
erate pickets. With a feeble resistance they drove the 
pickets to their reserve posts, when Colonel Fearing, think- 
ing the enemy was only drawing him into a trap, returned to 
camp at Concord Church. The mounted Brigade also re- 
turned on the evening of the 30th, having succeeded in cut- 
ting the railroad near Decherd. 

On Wednesday, July ist, Gen. Thomas, for the second 
time, sent upon a reconnaissance Steedman’s Brigade and two 
Regiments of the Fourth Division towards Tullahoma. The 
force from the Fourth Division (Gen. Reynolds) this time 
consisted of two Indiana Regiments — the Sixty-eighth and 
the Seventy-fifth — under Colonel Milton S. Robinson. These 
forces moved upon different roads also, Robinson’s Regiments 
advancing upon Steedman’s left. As they neared Tullahoma 
Robinson deployed the Seventy-fifth, his own Regiment, as 
skirmishers. At Tullahoma the Confederates had built forti- 
fications, in front of which they constructed abatis of felled 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



!°5 



trees, denuded of their smaller branches, and the sharpened 
ends of their larger branches directed upwards and outwards 
towards our advancing lines. The town lies in a low, flat 

and marshy country, called 
the “Barrens.” The con- 
tinued rains soaked the 
ground and made it like a 
quagmire. In view of the 
jagged branches of the 
felled trees through which 




we had to pick our way, 
and the soft ground and 
water, on account of the 
incessant rains, over and 
through which we had to 
travel, the skirmish line of 
the Seventy-fifth made its 
advance upon Tullahoma 
under difficulties. How- 
ever, the line reached Tull- 
ahoma at eleven o’clock in the morning, and discovered that 
the Confederates had evacuated the town, and no troops of 
8 



BREASTWORKS AND CHEVAUX-DE-ERISE 
AT TUEEAHOMA, TENNESSEE, JUEY 1ST, 
1863. 



106 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

any kind were there, except the rear guard of the retreating 
enemy, a few of whom we captured. 

Hence, the Sixty-eighth and the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiments were the first Union troops to enter the town of 
Tullahoma after its evacuation by the Confederates. They 
were the first troops to reach the objective point of the cam- 
paign. This information was conveyed by an orderly to 
Gen. Reynolds from Col. Robinson. The Brigade under 
Gen. Steedman arrived an hour later— at 12 o’clock, noon. 

As Gen. Steedman was the senior officer, Col. Robinson 
reported to him for duty, on his arrival. As soon as Gen. 
Reynolds was informed of the situation, he moved forward 
the remainder of the Fourth Division, which entered Tulla- 
homa about 5 p. m. 

The following is an extract of Gen. Reynolds’ report of the 
capture of Tullahoma: 



“June 30, division lay in camp. Sent reconnaissance of two regiments, 
the Eighty-ninth and Ninety-second Ohio, Colonel Fearing, Ninety second 
Ohio, from the Third Brigade, toward Tullahoma. This force went to 
within two miles of Tullahoma, and encountered the enemy’s cavalry 
pickets. Drove them back to the main body of cavalry, which being toa 
strong for the party, it returned to camp. 

July 1, sent reconnoitering party of Sixty-eighth and Seventy-fifth Indi- 
ana, under Colonel Robinson, toward Tullahoma, in support of a force from 
Third Division (Brannan’s), Fourteenth Army Corps, which moved on another 
road from Concord Church. Colonel Robinson’s command marched into 
Tullahoma by 11 a. m., and found np troops of enemy or our own in possess- 
siou. Colonel Robinson sent this information to division headquarters, and 
on arrival of General Steedman, with his brigade, reported to him, as the 
senior officer present. On the receipt of this information, the remainder of 
the division marched to Tullahoma, and on arriving, about 5 p. m., found 
the place occupied by the Third Division (Braunan’s), Fourteenth Army 
Corps, and the command of Colonel Robinson above referred to. Division 
encamped at Tullahoma.” 

The campaign, of which Tullahoma was the objective — 
lasting ten days — was eminently successful. It was the 
means of driving the Confederates, not only from two strongly 
fortified towns, Shelbyville and Tullahoma, but also of forcing 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 107 

them out of Middle Tennessee, thus restoring to the Federal 
Government all that important territory lying north of the 
Tennessee River. The campaign began, progressed, and 
ended during a rain, which, for the great quantity of water- 
fall in so short a time, w 7 as, without a precedent, the most 
extraordinary in the history of Middle Tennessee. The 
Seventy fifth Regiment, with its Division and Corps, during 
the campaign of ten days, marched seventy miles, fought 
successfully at Hoover’s Gap a battle, slept in the rain, and 
waded rivers and streams without a dry stitch of clothing. 
With great difficulty we kept our powder dry. 

Of the conduct of the troops of the Fourteenth Corps on 
the campaign, Gen. George H. Thomas, its magnificent 
commander, in his official report of the campaign says: 

“Without particularizing or referring to individual merit in any one di- 
vision of my command, I can render willing testimony to the manly endur- 
ance and soldierly conduct of both officers and men composing my corps, 
marching day and night, through a most relentless rain, and over almost 
impassable roads, bivouacking by the roadside, ever ready and willing to 
“fall in ” aud pursue the enemy whenever ordered, with a cheerfulness and 
determination truly admirable, and no less commendable when confronting 
the enemy; fearless and undaunted, their columns never wavered, giving 
the highest proof of their veteran qualities, and showing what dependence 
can be placed upon them in time of peril.” 

The total loss in the Army of the Cumberland during the 
campaign, in killed, wounded and missing, was 570; of this 
number the Fourteenth Corps lost 206, and the Fourth Di- 
vision of the Corps, 75. 

The total loss in the Army of Tennessee (Confederate) was 
1000 killed and wounded and 1634 captured. With the 
captured were thousands of stands of small arms, seven pieces 
of Artillery, one hundred tents, and thirty-five hundred sacks 
of corn meal. 

Extract from Gen. Rosecrans’ report: 

“The Fourteenth Corps, Major-Gen. Thomas, was to advance on the 
Manchester pike, seize and hold with its advance, if practicable, Hoover’s 



108 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Gap . . . Gen. Reynolds had the advance in the Fourteenth Corps . . . 
He surprised and carried Hoover’s Gap, a defile 3 miles in length.” 

Extract from Gen. Thomas’ report: 

“Early on the morning of July 1, having heard from a citizen that the 
enemy were evacuating Tullahoma, Steedman’s Brigade, Third Division, 
supported by two regiments of Reynolds’ Division on his left, were ordered 
to advance cautiously and ascertain if the report was true. Meeting with 
no opposition, he entered Tullahoma at 12 m. capturing a few prisoners.” 

Extract from Gen. Reynolds’ report of Hoover’s Gap: 

“Harris’ Battery (Nineteenth Indiana) was ordered to the front, and the 
Sixty-eighth Indiana to support it. The Seventy-fifth and One-hundred 
and first Indiana, and One-hundred and fifth Ohio, were ordered to the ex- 
treme right, which was now hard pressed by superior numbers.” 

Extract of the report of Brig. Gen. W. B. Bate, of the Con- 
federate Regiment (Thirty-seventh Georgia) which confronted 
the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment during the engagement 
at Hoover’s Gap: 

“ Finding no disposition on the part of the foe to press my right to regain 
the ground from which he had been driven and relieve the Manchester pike, 
I ordered Colonel [A. F.] Rudler, with the Thirty-Seventh Georgia Regi- 
ment, to move his command across the creek up the steep acclivity of its left 
bank, form line parallel to the same, and give an enfilading fire to the force 
then heavily engaging my left. The order was obeyed 'with alacrity and in 
good style. The enemy, anticipating the move, met it with a line of battle 
fronting the wood which skirted the bank of the creek. A bloody engage- 
ment here ensued, with great odds against us, and after a futile but most 
persistent and gallant effort to dislodge him, Colonel Rudler properly with- 
drew his command under cover of the bank. At this juncture every gun 
and piece in that portion of my command which had arrived on the field 
was engaged in a spirited and deadly contest.” 



CHAPTER V. 



CROSSING THE ELK RIVER — CAMPS WINFORD AND UNIVER- 
SITY PLACE — MOVEMENT ACROSS THE CUMBERLAND MOUN- 
TAINS AND TENNESSEE RIVER — SCALING LOOKOUT MOUN- 
TAIN — EVACUATION OF CHATTANOOGA BY THE ENEMY. 

(JULY, AUGUST, SEPTEMBER 17TH, 1 863.) 

On July 2d, by order of General Thomas, the Third and 
Fourth Divisions of his Corps moved to Spring Creek, and 
pursued the Confederates out the Winchester road, as far as 
Elk River. Here the bridge spanning the river was burnt 
by the enemy. The Fourth, accompanied by the First and 
Third Divisions, at once moved up the river as far as Jones’ 
Ford. Some of the troops crossed over here; but on account 
of the continuous rains, which had swollen Elk River, Gen- 
eral Reynolds, to protect his ammunition, deemed it prudent 
not to attempt a crossing, until the burnt bridge should be 
repaired or the water should abate. Hence, the Fourth 
Division remained on the north side of the river, and en- 
camped for the night at this fording. 

On the 3d, the balance of the First and Third Divisions 
forded the river at Jones’, and Reynolds’ Division returned 
to the burnt bridge, where the Pioneer Corps was at work all 
day repairing the bridge. On the morning of the 4th, Rey- 
nolds’ entire Division moveaacross the river upon the newly 
constructed bridge. Owing to the bad condition of the roads, 
we were nearly the whole day marching two and a half miles 
to Pennington’s Cross-Roads. 

We moved into camp here near the Widow Winford’s 
house on the road leading from Decherd to Hillsborough. 
We named the ground on which we encamped, “Camp 
Winford.” 



(109) 



1 1 o History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Here, on the 4th, Lieutenant John B. Frazer, of G Com- 
pany, died from the subtle effects of disease. He gave his 
life, however, as truly a heroic sacrifice for his country as if 
he had fallen by the stroke of the sword, the thud of the 
bullet, or the bursting of the shell. 

Independence Day was formally observed in our camp by 
the firing of cannon. 

It was the season of blackberries. Camp Winford will ever 
be remembered by the tired and hungry men of the Regi- 
ment on account of the abundance of this fruit. The bushes 
hung black and the ground was covered with these ripe and 
delicious berries. The whole Corps was turned into black- 
berry pickers. The soldiers, just at this time, when rations 
were scarce, and there was need of such a treat, made the 
most of a luxury which served them as both food and medi- 
cine. George M. Whitestine, of E Company, yielded his life 
here on the 21st, by disease, as a holocaust to his country’s 
need. 

On the very day of the charge of the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiment into the town of Tullahoma, Tennessee, July 1st, 
the bloody battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania began. The 
battle, which was one of the severest of the war of the Re- 
bellion, lasted three days. It was fought between the Na- 
tional Army of the Potomac, under the command of Major- 
General George G. Meade, and the Confederate Army of 
Northern Virginia, commanded by General Robert E. Lee. 
It was the only real battle of the war fought on northern soil. 
Part of the field has been made a National Cemetery. The 
National forces engaged were 80,200 effective men, and 327 
pieces of artillery; and the Confederate forces numbered 71,- 
400 effective men, and 206 pieces of artillery. 

The Union army gained a very great and decisive victory 
over the Confederates, with a loss of 2,834 killed, 14,492 
wounded and 5,435 missing. The Confederate loss was 3,- 
498 killed, and 18,770 wounded and captured. 

After sustaining a siege of more than two months, the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



hi 



Confederate General Pemberton, with an army of 27,000 
men, 128 pieces of artillery, and 80 siege guns, was compelled 
to surrender at Vicksburg, Miss., July 4th, to General U. S. 
Grant. 

These two great victories to the National arms, following 
closely upon the termination of the Tullahoma campaign, 
seem to have so absorbed all the visionary powers of the hon- 
orable Secretary of War, that he was thereby unable to see the 
achievements of our army over Bragg in Middle Tennessee, 
as this dispatch shows: 

War Department, Washington, July 7, 1863. 
Major-Generae Rosecrans, Tullahoma , Tenn.: 

We have just received official information that Vicksburg surrendered to 
General Grant on the 4th of July. Lee’s army overthrown ; Grant victori- 
ous. You and your noble army now have the chance to give the finishing 
blow to the rebellion. Will you neglect the chance? 

EDWIN M. STANTON. 

Secretary of War. 

“Old Rosey,” however, reminds the great War Secretary 
of what the Army of the Cumberland wrought, by these 
truthful words: 

Tueeahoma, July 7, 1863. 

Hon. E. M. Stanton : 

Just received your cheering dispatch announcing the fall of Vicksburg 
and confirming the defeat of Lee. You do not appear to observe the fact 
that this noble army has driven the rebels from Middle Tennessee, of which 
my dispatches advised you. I beg in behalf of this army that the War De- 
partment may not overlook so great an event because it is not written in 
letters of blood. I have now to repeat, that the rebel army has been forced 
from its strong intrenched positions at Shelbyville and Tullahoma, and 
driven over the Cumberland Mountains. My infantry advance is within 16 
miles, and my cavalry advance within 8 miles of the Alabama line. No or- 
ganized rebel force within 25 miles of there, nor on this side of the Cumber- 
land Mountains. 

W. S. ROSECRANS. 

Gen. Thomas, in a communication to Gen. Rosecrans, July 
7th, says: 

But for the rains our success would have been as complete as Meade’s or 
Grant’s, but we have been eminently successful in driving the enemy from 



1 12 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

his two strongholds by a maneuver which cost us but a few men, while his 
loss is as great in number as if he had fought a grand battle, in addition to 
which his army is in a completely demoralized condition. 

The Army of the Cumberland, at this time, stretched from 
McMinnville on the left to within a few miles of the Alabama 
line on the right. The Twenty-first Corps was at McMinn- 
ville; the Twentieth at Winchester; and the Fourteenth at 
the environments of Decherd. The Reserve Corps occupied 
the rear, embracing the territory north of the Duck River, 
with detachments stationed at Nashville, Gallatin, Mur- 
freesboro, Fort Donelson, Carthage, Clarksville, Shelbyville 
and Wartrace. Bragg’s main (Confederate) force was at 
Chattanooga, with an extension of Hardee’s Corps towards 
our front as far as Shellinound. 

The Government authorities, as usual, began to grow rest- 
less and impatient over the delay of Gen. Rosecrans in the 
movement of his army. General-in-Chief Halleck persist- 
ently sent telegram after telegram, urging Rosecrans to 
move his army at once over the mountains south of the 
Tennessee River against Bragg. But there were insuperable 
difficulties in the way of an immediate advance, which Gen- 
eral Halleck could have readily seen for himself, if he had 
occupied a position at the seat of war instead of a seat in his 
office at Washington, a thousand miles away. The Army of 
the Cumberland was now two hundred and sixty-four miles 
from Louisville, its base of supplies, and eighty-three miles 
from Nashville, its principal depot. To get to the river, the 
army must traverse a barren, rugged mountain, upon difficult 
roads, extending over a country for seventy miles. To con- 
front Bragg, it must cross a deep river, a thousand yards 
wide, every ford and bridge of which was guarded by strong 
detachments of Confederate soldiers. The railroad to the 
river was in need of repairs to haul supplies; the growing 
corn in the fields of Tennessee was not yet matured for for- 
age; and after the arduous campaign through which they re- 
cently passed, the soldiers were in need of rest and recupera- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 1 1 3 

tion. These were some of the obstacles which the Army of 
the Cumberland had to face in an immediate advance move- 
ment. It was absolutely necessary to 4 ‘make haste slowly.” 

We remained at Camp Winford until the 25th of July, 
when the Seventy-fifth Regiment with the Brigade moved 
within a short distance of Decherd Station, on the Nashville 
and Chattanooga railroad, and encamped at a beautiful place 
called “Blue Springs,” where there was an abundance of 
water. Here, on the 29th, Eli Stephenson, of D Company, 
gave up his life by disease as a martyr to the cause of the 
Union. 

The same day, by order of Gen. Thomas, our Brigade 
moved up the steep acclivity of a mountainous hill to the 
University Place. We were followed to this “ Place” by the 
Third Brigade. The location here for an encampment was 
magnificent — beautiful in itself, and commanding diversified 
and attractive scenery far and wide of vale and hills. “Uni- 
versity Place” was so named, because it was the proposed 
site for the erection of a contemplated Southern University 
at a cost of millions of dollars. For some reason the “Uni- 
versity” never appeared at the “Place.” Here was found a 
most beautiful specimen of the light-gray marble, mottled 
with shades of pinkish red, for which Tennessee is famous. 
From here Brig. Gen. George Crook was ordered to take the 
command of a Cavalry Brigade, and Brig. Gen. John B. 
Turchin, who had command of a Cavalry Brigade in the 
Army of the Cumberland, was assigned to his place as com- 
mander of the Third Brigade of our Division. August 2d, a 
new commander was assigned to our Brigade, in room of Col. 
Robinson, in the person of Colonel Edward A. King, of the 
Sixty-eighth Indiana. For a couple weeks we did camp, 
picket and drill duty here. We were placed in training for 
the battles before us, like a prize-fighter is trained for a “set- 
to” in the prize ring. ■ We passed through the ordeal of a 
vigorous drill and personal inspection every few days by our 
new and gallant commander. When the blow of the battle 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



1 14 



of Chickamauga came, our Brigade was, therefore, thoroughly 
equipped for it. 

During our encampment at the University Place, a sad 
and deplorable accident happened to the Twenty-first Indiana 
Battery, attached to the Third Brigade of our Division. By 
reason of the continuous rains prior to our removal here, the 
powder of the Battery had gotten wet, and the Captain had 
ordered it spread out to dry upon tarpaulins laid on the 
ground. One of the members of the Battery, in the act of 
passing a revolver to another member, let the weapon fall 
from his hand, which struck the cap of a percussion shell. 
The shell burst and ignited the powder, spread upon the 
ground. The flame like a flash leaped to the caissons and 
limbers filled with ammunition. It caused a most terrific 



explosion — wounding half a dozen batterymen, four of whom 
died of their injuries. 

John W. Uednum, of I Company, died here of disease, 
August 13th. He was worthy of a better fate. 

Organization of the troops composing the Fourth Division, 
Fourteenth Army Corps, Department of the Cumberland, 
August 31st, 1863: 

FOURTH DIVISION. 



Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds. 



First Brigade .* 

Col. John T. Wilder. 

92d Illinois, Col. Smith D Atk'ns. 
98th Illinois, Col. John J. Funkhouser. 
123d Illinois, Col. James Monroe. 
17th Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Henry Jor- 
dan. 

72d Indiana, Col. Abram O. Miller. 



Second Brigade. 

Col. Edward A. King. 

68th Indiana, Capt. Harvey J. Espy. 
75th Indiana, Eieut. Col. William 
O’Brien. 

101st Indiana, Uieut. Col. Thomas 
Doan. 

105th Ohio, Maj. George T. Perkins. 



Third Brigade. 
Brig.-Gen. John B. Turchin. 



18th Kentucky, Eieut.-Col. Hubbard K. Milward. 
nth Ohio, Col. Philander P. Dane. 

36th Ohio. Col. William G. Jones. 

89th Ohio, Col. Caleb H. Carlton. 

92d Ohio, Col. Benjamin D. Fearing. 

* Detached from the Division and serving as Mounted Infantry. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 115 

Artillery. 

Indiana Light, 18th Battery (1st Brigade), Capt. Eli Lilly. 

Indiana Light, 19th Battery (2d Brigade), Capt. Samuel J. Harris. 

Indiana Light, 21st Battery (3d Brigade), Capt. William W. Andrew. 

The movement of our army over the Cumberland moun- 
tains began August 16th, Crittenden’s Corps leading. The 
First, Second and Third Divisions of the Twenty-first Corps 
(Crittenden’s) moved out early in the morning by the most 
practicable routes from Hillsborough, Manchester and Mc- 
Minnville to Therinan, Dunlap, and Pikesville, in the 
Sequatchie Valley. Minty’s Cavalry and Wilder’s Mounted 
Brigade, the former deflecting towards Sparta, so as to cover 
the left flank of Crittenden’s Corps, and the latter via Harri- 
son Trace road, proceeded also to Pikesville. When Crit- 
tenden arrived in the Sequatchie Valley he immediately 
sent a reconnoitering party, consisting of Wilder’s Mounted 
Brigade, supported by a Brigade or two of Infantry, in the 
direction of Harrison’s Landing from the north, thereby 
making a feint upon Chattanooga from that direction. 

It was on this reconnaissance, August 21st, Friday, which 
was a day of fasting and prayer with the Confederates, that, 
while the citizens of Chattanooga were at worship in a 
church, Captain Lilly of the Eighteenth Indiana Battery of 
Wilder’s Brigade of our Division, threw a shell near the 
church and demoralized the congregation. The Confederate 
Gen. D. H. Hill, who was in Chattanooga at the time, and 
perhaps among the worshippers, speaks thus in the Century 
Magazine, (April 1887) of the event: 

“On Fast Day, August 21st, while religious services w^ere being held in 
town, the enemy appeared on the opposite side of the river, and began 
throwing shells into the houses. Rev. B. M. Palmer, D. D., of New Orleans, 
was in the act of prayer, when a shell came hissing near the church. He 
went on calmly with his petition to the Great Being, ‘who rules in the 
armies of heaven, and among the inhabitants of earth but at its close the 
preacher, opening his eyes, noticed a perceptible diminution of his congre- 
gation. Some women and children were killed and wounded by this act.” 



ii6 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Crittenden’s Corps, advancing far north of Chattanooga 
into the valley, concealed the real design of the movements 
of the other Corps to the south. His bold advance left Bragg 
under the impression that Rosecrans was advancing upon 
Chattanooga from the north, when in fact the movement was 
being made from the south. 

In the advance of the Twentieth Corps, Johnson’s Division 
moved via Salem and Larkin’s Fork to Bellefonte and Caper- 
ton’s Ferry, and Davis’ Division via Crow Creek to Steven- 
son, where he joined the Division of Sheridan. Three 
Brigades of Cavalry marched by way of Fayetteville and 
Athens to Stevenson. 

General Thomas sent two Divisions — Baird’s and Negley’s 
— of the Fourteenth Corps, by way of Tantallon to a point 
between Anderson and Stevenson, in the immediate proximity 
of the junction of the Nashville and Chattanooga and Mem- 
phis and Charleston railroads. He sent his two other Divi- 
sions — Reynolds’ and Brannan’s — the former in the lead, by 
way of the Battle Creek road to a point where that stream 
emptied into the Tennessee River. 

The Seventy-fifth Regiment with its Brigade took up the 
line of march from the University Place, on August 17th, in 
the morning, to cross the mountains, accompanied by the 
Division headquarters. The Third Brigade preceded ours. 
The movement was made with as little publicity as possible, 
so as to arrive at our destination without the discovery of our 
intentions by the enemy. We marched for miles along the 
back-bone of a spur of the chain of mountains, on one of the 
dryest and hottest days which we experienced during the 
war. No water could be obtained, and as we approached 
Sweeden’s Cove, ten miles distant from our camp, the rays 
of the blazing sun had a depressing effect upon the men, some 
of whom were overcome by the heat and thirst. Chaplain 
Lyle, of the Third Brigade, gave a vivid pen-picture of this 
day’s march, as he saw it, which is herewith inserted: 

“Let me tell you how the picture was seen. It was in this wise : The 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 1 17 

•column had been marching from early morn along dusty roads and literally 
in a dry and thirsty land, where there was no water. It was now a little 
past the hour of noon, and the blazing sun shone out fiercely in a cloudless 
sky. Many a strong-hearted soldier had fainted by the way-side, for his 
canteen was empty, his lips were dry and parched, and he was footsore and 
weary. ‘Water, water,’ was the great cry. ‘Water, anything for water 
and some shady place in which to rest.’ More and more intensely did the 
sun shine out from the brazen sky, while the earth seemed to glow like a 
furnace. The dry, hot dust flung up by thousands of feet irritated the 
throat and lungs, at the same time increasing the intolerable thirst under 
which all were suffering. Onward and still onward pressed the men, 
drearily and in pain, while the dust, increasing in heat and quantity, threat- 
ened to suffocate them at every step. Not a breath of air seemed to be 
stirring. The very leaves on the low shrubs and the grass by the wayside 
seemed to partake of the general depression and suffering, and looked 
drooping and dying. Thus mile after mile of the weary way was traversed, 
and hour succeeded hour as if each one was an age, and impressions of 
suffering and utter exhaustion were made so deeply on the minds of all that 
time will never efface them. Suddenly we entered a narrow defile through 
which the road wound, and, as if by magic or like the creations of some 
fairy tale, a cool and fragrant breeze began to fan our cheeks.” 

We arrived at the head of Sweeden’s Cove by evening-. 
On the morning of the 18th, our Brigade, with Division head- 
quarters, passing the Third Brigade in the Cove, marched 
over very bad and hilly roads to Battle Creek by 4 p. m., en- 
camping on the east side of the creek within five miles of 
Jasper. 

From our signal station, railroad trains could be seen run- 
ning into Chattanooga from a point near the mouth of Battle 
Creek on the opposite side of the Tennessee River. To pre- 
vent the running of these trains in the interests of the Con- 
federacy, Gen. Reynolds was ordered to reconnoitre the river 
opposite Shellmound, and if it were practicable, to establish a 
Battery supported by Infantry on our side of the river, by 
which we would be able to command the railroad at that 
point. He was also directed to cover the mouth of Battle 
Creek with his Division, so as to make it a crossing point, if 
desired. He was farther instructed to make efforts to capture 
from the Confederates, flat-boats and the little steamer 
“Paint Rock,” plying the Tennessee below Chattanooga. 



n8 History of the Seve?ity-fifth Regiment 

Gen. Reynolds selected the Seventy-fifth Regiment and a 
section of the Nineteenth Indiana Battery of the Second 
Brigade of his Division to make the reconnaissance and care- 
fully guard the river. Companies D and I were sent in 
advance on the morning of the 21st, by way of Jasper, the 
balance of the Regiment following in the evening. Early 
on the morning of the 22d, the Seventy-fifth, with the balance 
of the force selected for this duty, pushed forward very rapidly 
from Jasper in the direction of the river, arriving on its banks 
in the afternoon. The sight of the rolling waters of the 
Tennessee was inspiring. Colonel King had personal com- 
mand of the movement of the expedition. Harris’ Battery 
was at once unlimbered and placed in position at the ferry, 
opposite Shellmound, the Regiment was put in proper sup- 
porting position, and we soon had full command of the rail- 
road on the opposite side. By the shells from the Battery 
and the bullets from the Regiment, the Confederates were 
driven away. 

By order of Gen. Thomas, a squad of soldiers from the 
Seventy-fifth Regiment, on the night of the 23d, under an 
officer — Lieutenant Anthony M. Conklin, of D Company — 
was sent across the river to burn the Nickajack (railroad) 
bridge near Shellmound. The General afterwards recalled 
the order for its destruction, because he thought it of no ad- 
vantage to us to destroy it; but his recall- order was too late; 
the party had gone. It was a bold movement. While our 
party was in the act of firing the one end of the bridge, the 
Confederate pickets, who were not more than eighty feet 
away, were endeavoring to fire the other end, which shows 
the Confederates deemed its destruction as much of an ad- 
vantage to them, as we at the time thought it would be to us. 

The river at this point was deep and wide. The Confed- 
erates 011 the opposite side were almost constantly seen. 
With them we exchanged many (to us) harmless shots. 
Many deserters from the enemy crossed the river on rafts and 
surrendered to 11s. The One-hundred and first Indiana 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 119 

moved to the river and joined ns on the 26th. At different 
times Col. King sent reconnoitering parties on flat-boats 
across the river. 

On the night of August 28th, by direction of Gen. Rey- 
nolds, four Companies of the Seventy-fifth Regiment under 
Lt. Col. O’Brien with a couple hundred men from the One- 
hundred and first Indiana under Ft. Col. Doan, and nine 
mounted men under Capt. Harris of the Nineteenth Indiana 
Battery crossed the river at Shellmound and moved towards 
Chattanooga to feel the strength and position of the enemy. 
Col. King was in command of the expedition. Two of the 
Companies of the Seventy-fifth Regiment were stationed at 
the Narrows below Running Water, to cover the retreat in 
case a superior force was encountered. The other two Com- 
panies of the Regiment with the rest of the force proceeded 
up the Narrows about six miles, when a Confederate Cavalry 
picket fired on them. To avoid as little alarm in their camp 
as possible, our force, without returning the fire, charged the 
Confederates and drove them pell-mell into their camp. The 
enemy’s force consisted of the Third Confederate Cavalry 
under Captain Edmondson. It was dark, and many of the 
enemy scattering through the bushes and trees eluded cap- 
ture. We secured, however, six prisoners, eleven horses, 
seven saddles, twelve rifles, a bugle and a surgeon’s kit* 
Among the prisoners was a notorious conscripting officer, 
who was also a member of the (Confederate) Tennessee legis- 
lature. His name was James Matt. Carroll. 

From the 18th to the 29th, the various Corps of the Army 
were more or less making preparations for the crossing of the 
river. Pontoons were conveyed forward from the rear, and 
trestle-work was begun for the construction of bridges at 
different points. All this was being done in full view by the 
enemy ; for the mountain on the south side of the river, 
which the Confederates occupied, arose precipitously to a 
height of a thousand feet, from the top of which they could 
overlook the entire valley. 



120 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

The Army began crossing the Tennessee River on the 
29th. Seven days were consumed before the entire force was 
over. Gen. Granger was directed to occupy our old position 
with the Reserve Corps. The Divisions of Johnson and 
Davis of McCook’s Corps with the Cavalry crossed far south 
of Chattanooga at Caperton’s Ferry ; from thence they 
marched over the rough and impracticable roads of Sand 
Mountain to Valley Head at the foot of Lookout Mountain. 
Sheridan’s Division of the same Corps marched across the 
river on the newly constructed bridge at Bridgeport, north of 
Caperton’s Ferry ; the three Divisions of the Corps joining 
each other at Winston’s Gap, which they seized and held. 
The Divisions of Crittenden’s Corps marched down the 
Sequatchie Valley from the points which they occupied 
there, and crossed the river at Shellmound, Bridgeport and 
Caperton’s Ferry, and moved up the river to position at 
Wauhatchie. Bach of the four Divisions of Thomas’ Corps, 
which was in the advance, crossed respectively at Caperton’s 
Ferry, Bridgeport, Battle Creek and Shellmound. From 
the river they proceeded at once across Sand Mountain upon 
different roads, which converged into one at Trenton in Look- 
out Valley. The Corps here seized and held Cooper’s and 
Steven’s Gaps in Lookout Mountain — these being the lead- 
ing passes through the mountains into McLemore’s Cove. 

The Fourth Division (ours) crossed the river at Shell- 
mound, upon the flat boats which we had constructed and 
captured. We had eight of these boats, and our Brigade be- 
gan crossing on the evening of the 30th, conveying to the 
opposite side four hundred men per hour. The Third Bri- 
gade followed ours, crossing September 2d. 

The day following our movement across the river, the 
Second Brigade went upon an expedition with the Second 
Tennessee (Federal) Cavalry towards Chattanooga to Run- 
ning Water Creek, over which the Confederates had burned a 
large railroad bridge. On this expedition we captured a 
Commissary of Subsistence, who had on his person over 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 121 

$ 2000 in National and Confederate money. The journal of 
operations of the Fourteenth Army Corps for September ist, 
1863, contains this paragraph: 

“Colonel King, under date of Shellmound, August 31, reports reconnais- 
sance with 375 men, Second Tennessee Cavalry, in addition to his own bri- 
gade (Second Brigade, Fourth Division), in direction of Chattanooga, which 
was pushed within view of a five-gun battery at Lookout Mountain. Cap- 
tured R. L. Hawkins, a rebel commissary of subsistence, with $2,736.50 in 
rebel currency and greenbacks; returned to Shellmound at 2 p. m. Road 
toward Chattanooga quite bad in many places.” 

Before and after our passage of the river, we daily per- 
formed our ablutions in the “placid waters of the rolling 
Tennessee.’’ The most expert among the many good swim- 
mers in the Brigade and Regiment could swim across to the 
opposite shore and return without touching the bank. On 
September ist, among the hundreds of swimmers whose 
heads appeared like living buoys bobbing up and down in 
the water, was Robert B. Commons, of I Company, of the 
Seventy-fifth Regiment. He suddenly took the cramps and 
sank out of sight, never to arise alive again. His body was 
recovered the following day and duly buried by his com- 
rades with the honors of war, beside the majestic stream 
whose rolling waves had clasped him in death. 

On September 3d, at 2:30 p. m., the Fourth Division left 
camp at Shellmound, and marched six miles on the Trenton 
road with the Third Brigade in the advance. In all our pre- 
vious marches upon bad roads, those over Raccoon and Sand 
Mountains fully equalled, if they did not surpass the worst. 
Turchin’s Brigade proceeded in a direct course to Trenton, 
where it encamped. The Second Brigade, Col. King com- 
manding, deflected to the right from the direct road to Tren-‘ 
ton, and moved to the Empire Iron Works, about three miles 
south of Trenton on the Lebanon road, where, on the 7th, we 
relieved the Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania Regiment, belong- 
ing to Negley’s Division. We remained here only a day,' 
when we moved up to Trenton, and encamped by the side of 
the Third Brigade. 

9 



122 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

On the 6 th, McCook and Crittenden completed the move- 
ments designated by the commanding general for their re- 
spective Corps, and General Thomas ended the movement for 
his Corps by the 8 th. The Army of the Cumberland was 
now stretched out to a distance of thirty-five miles along the 
foot of Lookout Mountain, on the west side, from Wau- 
liatchie to Valley Head. After mature consideration of the 
various methods of dislodging Bragg from his stronghold, 
Rosecrans adopted the plan of cutting off Bragg’s line of 
communications with the south by marching the Fourteenth 
Corps under Thomas over Lookout Mountain, through the 
gaps south of Chattanooga, and by sending the Cavalry force 
against the railroad leading from the south into Chattanooga. 
To make this movement successful, Crittenden’s Corps, form- 
ing the left of the army at Wauhatchie, made a bold demon- 
stration in front of Lookout Mountain, near Chattanooga. 
McCook’s Corps, on the right at Valley Head, strongly sup- 
ported the Cavalry on the extreme right, which advanced 
rapidly via Alpine through Broomtown Valley, and struck 
Bragg’s line of railroad communication between Dalton and 
Resaca. During the movement of Crittenden, McCook and 
the Cavalry, as designated, the Fourteenth Corps in com- 
mand of Thomas scaled the Lookout Mountain from the 
centre, Negley’s Division in the advance; thence passed 
through Cooper’s and Steven’s Gaps into McLemore’s Cove. 

On the morning of the ioth, the Seventy-fifth Regiment, 
with its Brigade, left Trenton and marched to the foot of the 
mountain, where we encamped for the night preparatory to 
the ascent. On the nth, we began to climb craggy Look- 
out’s lofty mountain top. The Third Brigade of the Division 
completed the ascent about noon. It was night before the 
Seventy-fifth Regiment reached the summit. A band was 
playing a familiar tune, the melodious strains of which caught 
our ears, while we were on the toilsome march far down the 
mountain slope, pulling and pushing Artillery and ammuni- 
tion wagons in the darkness. To the writer the music of a 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



123 



brass band never before nor since sounded so charmingly 
sweet — never so inspiring and animating. Marching to the 
music of this band, we were scarcely sensible of fatigue. 
When we reached the summit of the rocky palisades of 
Lookout Mountain, 2,400 feet above sea level, on the night 
of September nth, 1863, we performed a feat unsurpassed by 
the army of Napoleon in its ascent of the Alps. “The work 
of climbing Lookout Mountain with artillery and trains was 
exhausting. In Thomas’ Corps two full days were required 
by each Division to get its artillery and trains over the 
mountain, and this was achieved at the expense of unremit- 
ting manual labor of the troops. It may justly be considered 
a feat of itself: the crossing of those rugged and inaccessible 
ranges of Sand and Lookout Mountains, so expeditiously and 
so successfully by the Army of the Cumberland, with its 
artillery and trains.” (Gen. Turchin’s History.) 

The next day, 12th, the Seventy-fifth Regiment marched 
down the eastern slope of the mountain, passed through 
Cooper’s Gap into McLemore’s Cove. Generals Negley’s and 
Baird’s Divisions had preceded us into the Cove, where they 
had a sharp skirmish in the Pigeon Mountain at Dug Gap. 
Our Division and Brannan’s, under orders to move promptly, 
went to the support of these advanced Divisions. The Second 
Brigade, with the Seventy-fifth Regiment in the advance, 
early on the morning of the 13th, moved to Pond Springs, 
on the Chickamauga Creek, where we were encamped until 
the 17th. 

A rumor was afloat that Bragg’s army evacuated Chatta- 
nooga on the 9th, by reason of our recent movements. To 
ascertain the truth or falsity of the report, General Reynolds, 
on the same day, by direction of General Rosecrans, sent the 
Ninety -second Illinois Mounted Infantry Regiment of the 
First Brigade, under Col. Atkins, up Lookout Valley to enter 
Chattanooga, if he could. The feat was accomplished. The 
first National troops, therefore, to enter the “Gateway to 
Georgia,” which was the objective of the campaign, were from 



124 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Reynolds’ Division, as this accompanying dispatch and its 
“indorsement” show: 

Headquarters Fourth Division, Fourteenth Corps, 
Cureton’s Miuus, September 9, 1863—6:30 p, m. 
Couoneu Fuynt, Assistant Adjutant-General : 

We are in receipt of two dispatches from Colonel Atkins, commanding 
Ninety-second Illinois (by special couriers from his regiment), within a few 
minutes of each other. Find copy of the first received inclosed; the other 
reads as follows (written first) : 

Headquarters Ninety-Second Iuuinois Vouunteers, 
Chattanooga, September 9, 1863—11 a. m. 
Major Levering, Assistant Adjutant-General : 

Major : We had a little skirmishing on the mountain, but now hold Chat- 
tanooga. My stand of colors was the first to float over the town. A complete 
evacuation. Columns of dust showed them going south. Two companies 
of my regiment are pressing after them, and I will likely take my command 
up the river to gobble a little squad said to be there. . 

Very respectfully, SMITH D. ATKINS, 

Colonel Ninety -Second Illinois. 

Have sent copy to department headquarters. 

Respectfully, J. J. REYNOLDS, 

Major-General, Commanding Division. 

[indorsement. ] 

Bully for Reynolds’ division. 

L[EVERING]. 



CHAPTER VI. 



BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA— PRELIMINARY TO THE BATTLE. 

(SEPTEMBER 19TH, 1863.) 

In the battle of Chickamauga, the Army of the Cumber- 
land, under Major-Gen. W. S. Rosecrans, comprised four 
Corps d’Armee, viz: The Fourteenth was commanded by 
Major-Gen. George H. Thomas, and consisted of four Divis- 
ions, each of which had three Brigades. The First Division, 
commanded by Brig.-Gen. Absalom Baird, comprised the 
First, Second and Third Brigades, commanded respectively 
by Col. Benj. F. Scribner and Brig. -Gens. John C. Stark- 
weather and John H. King, in the order named; Second 
Division commanded by Major-Gen. James S. Negley, com- 
posed three Brigades, commanded by Brig.-Gen. John Beatty 
and Colonels Timothy R. Stanley and William Sirwell ; 
Third Division, under Brig.-Gen. John M. Braniian, had 
three Brigades under Colonels John M. Connell, John T. 
Croxton and Ferdinand Vanderveer; and the Fourth Division 
under Major-Gen. Joseph J. Reynolds, comprised the First, 
Second and Third Brigades, under Colonels John T. Wilder 
and Edward A. King, and Brig.-Gen. John B. Turchin. 

The Twentieth Corps, under Major-Gen. Alex. McD. Mc- 
Cook, consisted of three Divisions of three Brigades each, viz: 
First Division under Brig.-Gen Jefferson C. Davis, embraced 
the First, Second and Third Brigades, commanded by Col. 
P. Sidney Post, Brig.-Gen. William C. Carlin, and Col. 
Hans C. Hegg ; Second Division, under Brig.-Gen. Richard 
W. JohiiSon, comprised the three Brigades commanded by 
Brig.-Gen. August Willich, Cols. - Joseph B. Dodge and 
Philemon P. Baldwin ; Third Division, under Major-Gen. 
Philip H. Sheridan, was composed of the First, Second and 

(125) 



126 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Third Brigades, under Brig.-Gen. William H. L\ tie, and 
Colonels Bernard Laiboldt and Luther P. Bradley. 1 

The Twenty-first Corps, under Maj-Gen. Thos. L. Critten- 
den, consisted also of three Divisions of three Brigades for 
each Division. The First Division, commanded by Brig.- 
Gen. Thomas J. Wood, was composed of the Brigades under 
Col. George P. Buell, Brig.-Gen. George D. Wagner, and 
Col. Charles G. Harker; Second Division, under Major-Gen. 
John M. Palmer, consisted of three Brigades commanded by 
Brig. -Gens. Charles Cruft and William B. Hazen, and Col. 
William Grose; Third Division, under Brig.-Gen. Horatio P. 
Van Cleve, had Brig.-Gen. Samuel Beatty and Colonels 
George F. Dick and Sidney M. Barnes, commanding the 
three Brigades in the order named. 

The Reserve Corps, under Major-Gen. Gordon Granger, con- 
sisted of three Divisions and three Brigades each. The First 
was under Brig.-Gen. James B. Steedman, and its three Bri- 
gades were commanded by Brig.-Gen. Walter C. Whittaker, 
and Colonels John G. Mitchell and John Coburn; Second Di- 
vision under Brig.-Gen. James D. Morgan embraced the 
First, Second and Third Brigades under Colonels Robert F. 
Smith, Daniel M. McCook and Charles C. Doolittle; and the 
Third Division was commanded by Brig.-Gen. Robert S. 
Granger, and the three Brigades were commanded by Col. S. 
D. Bruce, and Brig. -Gens. T. D. Ward and J. G. Spears. 

The Cavalry was under the command of Brig.-Gen. Robert 
B Mitchell, and consisted of two Divisions with three Bri- 
gades each. The First Division was commanded by Col. 
Edward M. McCook, the three Brigades of which were com- 
manded by Colonels Archibald P. Campbell, Daniel M. Ray 
and Louis D. Watkins; and the Second Division was under 
Brig. Gen. George Crook, and the Brigades were under Col- 
onels Robert H. G. Minty, Eli Long and William W. Lowe. 
Each of the Brigades of the Divisions of the respective Corps 
had their Batteries of Artillery. 

The Second Brigade of the First Division, Twenty-first 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



127 



Corps, under Brig. -Gen. Wagner, the Third Brigade of the 
First Division Reserve Corps, under Col. Coburn, First and 
Third Brigades of the Second Division, Reserve Corps, under 
Colonels Smith and Doolittle, and the Third Division of the 
Reserve Corps, under Brig. -Gen. R. S. Granger, were not in 
the battle. 

The Confederate Army in the battle, under General Brax- 
ton Bragg, was divided into five Corps d’Artnee. Polk’s 
Corps, commanded by Lieutenant-Gen. Leonidas Polk, com- 
prised the Divisions of Major-Gens. Benjamin F. Cheatham, 
and Thomas C. Hindman. The former’s Division embraced 
the Brigades commanded by Brig. -Gens. John K. Jackson, 
Preston Smith, George Manev, Marcus J. Wright and Otto 
F. Strahl; the latter’s Division embraced the Brigades of 
Brig. -Gens. Patton Anderson, Zacli. C. Deas, and Arthur M. 
M an i gau It. 

Hill’s Corps, commanded by Lieutenant-Gen. Daniel H. 
Hill, composed the Divisions commanded by Major-Gens. 
Patrick R. Cleburne and John C. Breckinridge. Cleburne’s 
Division consisted of the Brigades of Brig. -Gens. S. A. M. 
Wood, Lucius E. Polk and James Deshler. Breckinridge’s 
Division comprised the Brigades of Brig. -Gens. Benjamin H. 
Helm, Daniel W. Adams and Marcellus A. Stovall. 

Buckner’s Corps, commanded by Major-Gen. Simon B. 
Buckner, comprised the Divisions of Major-Gen. Alex. P. 
Stewart, and Brig. -Gen. William Preston. Stewart’s Divi- 
sion was made up of the Brigades of Brig. -Gens. Bushrod R. 
Johnson, William B. Bate, John C. Brown and Henry D. 
Clayton. Preston’s Division was composed of the Brigades 
of Brig. -Gen. Archibald Gracie, Jr., and Colonels John H. 
Kelley and Robert C. Trigg. 

Longstreet’s Corps was commanded by Major-Gen. John B. 
Hood, and embraced the Divisions of McLaws’ and Hood’s — 
the former was commanded by Major-Gen. Lafayette McLaws, 
and the latter by Brig. -Gen. E. Mclver Law. McLaws’ 
Division embraced the Brigades of Brig. -Gens. Joseph B. 



128 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 



Kershaw, Benjamin G. Humphreys, William T. Wofford, 
Goode Bryan. Hood’s Division embraced the Brigades of 
Brig.^Gens. Micah Jenkins, Jerome B. Robertson, George T. 
Anderson, Henry L. Benning and E. Mclver Law (com- 
manded by Col. James L. Sheffield). 

A Provisional Division, under Brig. -Gen. Bushrod R. 
Johnson, comprising two Brigades under Brig. -Gens. John 
Gregg and Evander McNair, was attached : to Longstreet’s 
Corps during the battle of the first day. 

The Reserve Corps, commanded by Major-Gen. William 
H. T. Walker, comprised Walker’s and Liddell’s Divisions, 
the former commanded by Brig. -Gen. States R. Gist, and the 
latter by Brig. -Gen. St. John R. Liddell. Walker’s Division 
was composed of the Brigades of Gist’s, commanded by Col. 
Peyton H. Colquitt, Ector’s, commanded by Brig. -Gen. Mat-, 
thew D. Ector, and Wilson’s, commanded by Col. Claudius 
C. Wilson. Liddell’s Division embraced Liddell’s and Walt- 
hall’s Brigades, the former commanded by Col. Daniel C. 
Govan, and the latter by Brig. -Gen. Edward C. Walthall. 

The Confederate Cavalry was under Major-Gen. Joseph 
Wheeler, and Brig. -Gen. Nathan B. Forrest. Wheeler had 
command of two Divisions under Brig. -Gens. John A. 
Wharton and William T. Martin. Each of these Divisions 
had two Brigades, commanded by Colonels C. C. Crews, 
Thomas Harrison, John T. Morgan and A. A. Russell. For- 
rest had the command of two Divisions under Brig. -Gens. 
Frank C. Armstrong and John Pegram; the former had two 
Brigades under Colonels James T. Wheeler and George G. 
Dibrell, and the latter two Brigades under Brig. -Gen. H. B. 
Davidson and Col. John S. Scott. These Divisions had their 
respective Batteries. 

The Divisions of Major-Gens. Walker and Breckinridge, 
from General Joseph E. Johnston’s Army in Mississippi, and 
Longstreet’s Corps from General Lee’s Army in Virginia,, 
were reinforcements to Bragg’s Army now’ concentrated in 
the rear of Pigeon Mountain around Lafayette — a village 
twenty miles south of Chattanooga. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



129 



Wofford’s and Bryan’s Brigades of McLaws’ Division, and 
Jenkins’ and Anderson’s Brigades of Hood’s Division of 
Longstreet’s Corps, did not arrive in time to participate in 
the battle. 

Since scaling the mountains, the Federal Corps of the 
Army of the Cumberland were widely separated. McCook’s, 
forming the right, was far south in the Broomtown Valley 
around Alpine; Thomas’, in the centre, occupied McLemore’s 
Cove, guarding the various gaps of the mountain in the 
vicinity of Pond Spring; Crittenden’s, on the left, was in the 
environment of Lee and Gordon’s Mills. Thus our attenuated 
Army front was about forty-two miles in length — a critical 
situation. 

Bragg was now in a position to attack and defeat in detail 
these Federal Army Corps, before they could have time and 
opportunity for concentration. Indeed, it was one of the 
rarest chances for a general to gain a great victory by falling 
upon one of these Corps with a concentrated Army of vastly 
superior numbers and crushing it. Such great Captains like 
Frederick the Great, the old Duke of Wellington, Napoleon, 
Grant or Sherman, who gained all their victories under less 
favorable circumstances, would have thought it good luck to 
have such an opportunity. From what everybody knows 
about the soldierly qualities of the famous commander of the 
Fourteenth Corps, Bragg, with all the odds in his favor, 
would have had a hard tussle in case he would have attacked 
that Corps, occupying McLemore’s Cove. Bragg failed to 
attempt it, however, by his own inactivity and through the 
insubordination of his officers. 

Rosecrans saw the unavoidable situation in which his 
Army Corps were placed by flanking Bragg out of Chatta- 
nooga; for he says of it in his official report: “It was, there- 
fore, a matter of life and death to effect the concentration of 
the. Army.” This, with all possible speed, he began to 
accomplish by ordering McCook’s Corps with Mitchell’s 
Cavalry out of the Broomtown Valley into McLemore’s Cove. 



130 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

At the arrival of McCook’s, Thomas’ Corps was ordered to 
Crawfish Springs. 

The Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment with its Brigade rested 
for three days quietly at Pond Spring. In the mean time 
Turchin’s Brigade was sent to guard Catlett’s Gap. By the 
14th, the whole Fourth Division was in the vicinity of Pond 
Spring, as Wilder’s Mounted Brigade joined us here. On 
the 17th, Wilder moved his Brigade down the Chickamauga 
Creek to Alexander’s and Reed’s bridges, whither he was 
sent to do guard duty. From this time to the close of the 
battle, Wilder’s Brigade was not with the Division, but on 
detached duty, acting with the Cavalry during the engage- 
ment of the battle. On the same day Wilder left, our Bri- 
gade, under Col. King, relieved Turchin’s Brigade at Cat- 
lett’s Gap; and on the 18th, Johnson’s Division of McCook’s 
Corps relieved our Brigade at Catlett’s. 

By the night of the 17th, the three Corps were in support- 
ing distances of each other. The Army of the Cumberland 
was now in a fine position in McLemore’s Cove, forming a 
line of battle front only six miles in length, from Pond 
Spring to Dee and Gordon’s Mills, along the west branch of 
the Chickamauga Creek. 

Bragg now inaugurated a grand movement to our left by 
his right flank, in which he hoped to fall upon our left, which 
was now held by Crittenden’s Corps, crush it, and set his 
own army squarely across the Chattanooga and Lafayette 
road between us and the town. The following order for the 
crossing of the Chickamauga on the extreme right, was is- 
sued by Bragg for the execution of this movement: 

[Circular.] Headquarters Army. of Tennessee, 

In the Field, LLET’s Tan-yArd, September 18, 1863. 

1. Johnson’s column (Hood’s), 011 crossing at or near Reed’s Bridge, will 
turn to the left by the most practicable route and sweep up the Chicka- 
mauga, toward Lee and Gordon’s Mills. 

2. Walker, crossing at Alexander’s Bridge, will unite in this move and 
push vigorously on the enemy’s flank and rear in the same direction. 

3. Buckner, crossing at Thedford’s Ford, will join in the movement to the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 131 

left, and press the enemy up the stream from Polk’s front at Lee and Gor- 
don’s Mills. 

4. Polk will press his forces to the front of Lee and Gordon’s Mills, and 
if met by too much resistance to cross will bear to the right and cross at 
Dalton’s Ford, or at Thedford’s, as may be necessary, and join in the attack 
wherever the enemy may be. 

5. Hill will cover our left flank from an advance of the enemy from the 
Cove, and by pressing the cavalry in his front ascertain if the enemy is re^ 
enforcing at Lee and Gordon’s Mills, in which event he will attack them in 
flank. 

6. Wheeler’s cavalry will hold the gaps in Pigeon Mountain, and cover 
our rear and left and bring up stragglers. 

7. All teams &c., not with troops should go towards Ringgold and Dal- 
ton, beyond Taylor’s Ridge. All cooking should be doue at the trains. 
Rations, when cooked, will be forwarded to the troops. 

8. The above movements will be executed with the utmost promptness, 
vigor, and presistence. 

Bv command of General Bragg : 

GEORGE WM. BRENT, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Minty and Wilder, in advance of the Reserve Corps, un- 
der Major-Gen. Gordon Granger, on our extreme left flank, 
near Rossville, had a brush with the advance of these Con- 
federates under Johnson and Walker at these bridges referred 
to in this “circular” on the very evening of its issue, and 
were driven away from the bridges, and the Confederates 
crossed in force. We could see great clouds of dust moving 
to the northwest, which indicated troops marching in that 
direction. 

Rosecrans was equal to this emergency. While Bragg was 
thus manoeuvring for the possession of the road between our 
army and Chattanooga, Rosecrans sent the Fourteenth Corps 
under Gen. Thomas from Pond Spring to the north of Lee 
and Gordon’s Mills in the vicinity of Kelley’s farm, forming 
thereby the left of our line of battle. At 4 o’clock in the 
evening of the 18th, the Seventy-fifth Regiment in company 
with the Corps marched from Pond Spring by the left flank 
down McLemore’s Cove four miles to Crawfish Spring. We 
were four hours in marching this short distance. Here at 
the Spring, Gen. Thomas was instructed by Geu. Rosecrans 



13-2 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

to continue the march during the night with three of his Di- 
visions via Widow Glenn’s, until the head of his column had 
reached the designated point on the left. This movement, 
which began near midnight, was the race for the possession 
of the road leading to Chattanooga. It was the celebrated 
all-night march of the First, Third and Fourth Divisions of 
Thomas’ Corps on Friday, September 18th, which proved to 
be the master movement of the Chickatnauga campaign. 

The Second Division of the Corps was temporarily detached 
at Crawfish Spring, and sent in the direction of the Chicka- 
mauga Creek, and was not in this night march. 

On this night march, Turchin’s Brigade was in advance of 
ours. The relative positions of the Regiments and Battery 
of our Brigade on the march that night were in the order 
herewith mentioned — Sixty-eighth and One-hundred and 
first Indiana, One-hundred and fifth Ohio, Seventy-fifth Indi- 
ana, and Nineteenth Indiana Battery* Retaining these po- 
sitions relatively on entering the battle, the Sixty-eighth was 
posted on the left, and the Seventy-fifth on the right, with 
the One-hundred and first and One-hundred and fifth in the 
centre. 

We will never forget that night march of Thomas’ veterans! 
It is almost miraculous that during that fearful night we did 
not meet with some dreadful accidents. Here and there 
fences were set on fire, and the columns of marching troops, 
at one point, would penetrate the lurid light which illumi- 
nated their pathway, and at another would plunge into the 
impenetrable darkness. Hundreds of wagons, loaded with 
shells and powder, and immense trains of artillery, were 
compelled to pass over some of the burning rails, and inter- 
mingling with the marching infantry, would choke up the 
narrow way. The deep dull rumbling of the artillery 
wagons, the clanking of arms, the thousands of subdued 
voices of men marching at midnight near the enemy, were 
ominous of the concentration of the correlative forces, which 
were, soon to burst into a storm of battle. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 133 

The leading Division (Baird’s) arrived at Kelley’s farm by 
daylight on the morning of the 19th. Baird formed his 
Division in line of battle at the fork of the roads, ‘facing 
Reed’s and Alexander’s bridges. Brannan’s Division moved 
into line to the left of Baird. 

Col. Wilder, of Reynolds’ Division, whose mounted Brig- 
ade had fought the vanguard of the Confederate column at 
Reed's and Alexander’s bridges, 011 the one hand, gave in- 
formation of a very large force having crossed these bridges, 
and, after he, (Wilder) had inflicted a loss of 105 men upon 
them, they had driven his Brigade to the hills near the 
Widow Glenn’s house. Col. Daniel McCook, of the Reserve 
Corps, whose Brigade afterwards had burnt one of these 
bridges, on the other hand, reported that only an isolated 
Confederate Brigade was on the west side of the Chickamauga, 
which, he thought, could be easily captured. Welder’s state- 
ment subsequently proved to be the correct one; for when 
Brannan and Baird reconnoitred for the supposed “isolated 
Brigade,” they discovered more than half of Bragg’s Army 
on the west side of the Chickamauga. 

During the night of the 18th, while the Fourteenth Corps 
was on its way to the left, Bragg transported, in accordance 
with his circular order, to our side of the Chickamauga, 
Longstreet’s Corps under Hood, consisting of the Divisions 
of Bushrod R. Johnson and Law, Buckner’s Corps, consist- 
ing of the Divisions of Preston and Stewart, and Liddell’s 
Division of Walker’s Corps, and Cheatham’s Division of 
Polk’s Corps, with the Cavalry under Forrest. These troops 
Bragg divided into two wings and a reserve. Hood com- 
manded the right, having Forrest’s Cavalry on the flank, 
Buckner was in command of the left, and the Divisions of 
Liddell and Cheatham were held in reserve under Walker. 
In compliance wutli Bragg’s orders, this force, stretching 
from Jay’s Mill on the right to Dalton’s ford on the left, 
began on the morning of the 19th to sweep up the west side 
of the Chickamauga, like the besom of destruction, using 
Lee and Gordon’s Mills as a pivot. 



134 History oj the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

In this movement the Confederate right would first strike 
our left, therefore the battle opened on the extreme left of 
our line, about 7.30 a. m. between the Confederate Cavalry 
under Forrest and Brannan’s Division, which had advanced 
to the vicinity of Jay’s Mill to capture the supposed “iso- 
lated Brigade.” Gen. Thomas sent Baird’s Division forward 
to the support of Brannan, who was meeting with consider- 
able resistance. Although a part of Walker’s Corps was 
now moved to Forrest’s aid, the whole Confederate force was 
driven by Brannan and Baird in the direction of Jay’s Mill, 
until Walker massed his whole Corps in their front, and 
furiously assaulted Baird’s Division. The tide now turned, 
and Baird was forced to retire. The other Divisions — John- 
son’s Palmer’s and Reynolds’ — were at this time in motion to 
take their places in the line assigned them. But the advanc- 
ing Confederates up the Chickamauga met them before they 
arrived at their designated places. Johnson’s Division, the 
head of whose column was just in the act of wheeling into 
position on the right of Baird, about noon handsomely met 
the advancing foe. This conflict, in which the Confederate 
loss was great, raged furiously. Cheatham’s Confederate 
Division was now hurried to the support of Walker, and 
Palmer’s Federal Division was marched rapidly to the sup- 
port of Johnson. 

The Federal Divisions of Brannan, Baird and Johnson be- 
yond Kelley’s farm, on our left, were fighting Walker’s 
(Gist’s), Cheatham’s and Cleburne’s Confederate Divisions. 
This battle was before and after 2 p. m., and formed the first 
group of battles for the day. Johnson maintained his ground 
until dark. At 2 p. m. Gen. Thomas reorganized the 
Divisions of Baird and Brannan, and placed them in a good 
position on an elevated ground near the cross-roads at Mc- 
Dannel’s. At 1:30 p. m. Van Cleve’s Division was ordered 
forward from Dee and Gordon’s Mills, where it was lying 
during the forenoon. Palmer’s Division had already gone. 

Reynolds’ Division, after the night march, halted at Os- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



*35 



borne for breakfast. It was early in the morning. We heard 
on our left the nmtterings of the approaching conflict by the 
occasional boom of cannon, and irregular discharges of mus- 
ketry. The breakfast at Osborne was the last for many of us. 
The men of the Seventy-fifth Regiment made their coffee 
under very great difficulties. The fire was hardly built, until 
the command to “fall in” was given. We would move for- 
ward a short distance and halt again. Corporal George W. 
Her, of H Company, and the writer of this history, made their 
coffee that morning conjointly. The former furnished the 
coffee and the latter the vessel in which it was boiled. It 
was the last coffee the Corporal drank; he was killed before 
an opportunity was given for another meal; and it was the 
last coffee made in that vessel. In the writer’s diary, this 
sentence occurs: “ On the same day (Saturday) a rebel bullet 
put a hole through my coffee-pot tied to my cartridge-box 
belt.” The “hole” was not discovered until evening, when 
an attempt was made to fill the vessel with water. 

In Volume XXX of the Official Records, which contains 
the reports of the battle of Chiekamauga, as published by the 
War Department, the Brigade and Regimental reports of 
King’s Brigade (ours) do not appear. There is every reason 
to believe, however, that they were written and submitted at 
Chattanooga to the proper authorities in a few days after the 
battle. Colonel Milton S. Robinson of our Regiment, who 
commanded the Brigade at the close of the battle, in a letter 
under date of November 26th, 1891, says: “I was very sorry, 
when I learned some months since, that the regimental re- 
ports of our Brigade had been lost, as I am sure they were 
made. I preserved no copy of ours, as I did not anticipate 
that it would be missing. I met Gen’l Reynolds a few days 
since, and after talking the matter over, he came to the con- 
clusion that the reports of the Regiments in our Brigade had 
been placed by him together and lost.” 

In some unaccountable way these reports were evidently 
lost, misplaced or stolen; hence they cannot now be found 



136 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

among the other reports in the archives of the Department 
of War. They would have greatly facilitated in the prepara- 
tion of the story of this battle, if they had been accessible. 
The writer has received letters from Colonel M. S. Robinson 
of the Seventy-fifth Indiana, Colonel George T. Perkins of 
the One-hundred and fifth Ohio, Captain James H. Mauzy of 
the Sixty-eighth Indiana, Captain Benj. F. Williams of the 
One-hundred and first Indiana, and Captain Samuel J. Harris 
and Sergeant John M. Conklin of the Nineteenth Indiana 
Battery, relative to the various positions of the respective 
Regiments and Battery of the Brigade in the battle. Much 
that is now inaccessible through the absence of the reports* 
has been reproduced by these letters. The reports of the 
casualties of the Regiments and Brigade, and of the Division 
and Corps commanders, are not missing. General Palmer 
refers to the work of our Regiment in the battle in his report. 
It is a great pity the reports in full of the Regiments com- 
prising King’s Brigade cannot be found; for in them doubt- 
less many deeds of personal valor were mentioned, which 
may never be known. 

After breakfasting at Osborne, in the course of a few 
minutes, the Seventy-fifth Regiment, with its Division, by 
order of General Thomas, proceeded to take its position in 
the line of battle. It was the intention to proceed in the 
direction of the sound of battle on the left, and enter the en- 
gagement in progress there with the other two Divisions of 
the Corps; but as the Divisions of Johnson and Palmer, re- 
spectively of the Twentieth and Twenty-first Coips, had pre- 
ceded ours to the left, Reynolds was instructed by General 
Thomas to post his Division in position northeast of Widow 
Glenn’s house. About noon, we were at Dyer’s, lying upon 
our arms. At 1:30 p. m. the Third Brigade under Turchin, 
marching in advance of our Brigade from Dyer’s, was placed 
in line of battle on the left of the Division of Palmer, south- 
east of Kelley’s cross-roads. Our Brigade, under Col. King, 
was to take position on the immediate right of the Third 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



1 37 



Brigade. But circumstances altered the case. Between 1 130 
and 2 p. m. Stewart’s Confederate Division of Buckner’s 
Corps was hotly engaging Palmer’s Division, whose ammu- 
nition was nearly exhausted. This was at the time our 
Brigade was manoeuvring to get into position. Palmer called 
on Reynolds for assistance. To meet the emergency of the 
hour, our Brigade was wheeled into line of battle to the right 
of Grose’s Brigade. The two Brigades of our Division thus 
became separated, which was not at first intended. It is best 
ordinarily for the troops of the same Division and Corps to 
fight together in battle; but in this case, circumstances 
seemed to demand our separation. Though the position in 
the battle of this day indicated for our Brigade was near the 
point where it entered, it was, nevertheless, unfortunate for 
us to be separated from the troops of Turchin’s Brigade and 
them from us, and for the Regiments of both Brigades to be 
mixed up with the troops of another Corps, as they were. 
Turchin was posted on the left of Cruft, and King on the 
right of Grose. The former fought with Cruft’s Brigade 
and the latter with Grose’s Brigade. Before the close of the 
day’s battle, Hazen’s Brigade of Palmer’s Division got around 
on our right, so that our Brigade was between Grose’s and 
Hazen’s Brigades of Palmer’s Division. 

Reynolds sent three Regiments of our Brigade under King 
to form line at this point on Grose’s right. They were the 
Sixty-eighth and One-hundred and first Indiana, and the One- 
hundred and fifth Ohio. The Sixty-eighth was on the left 
next to Grose, and the One-lnindred and fifth was in the 
centre and the One-hundred and first was on the right. 

The Seventy-fifth Indiana and the Brigade Artillery, the 
Nineteenth Indiana Battery, were at the same time posted 
by General Reynolds to the right and rear of the battle line 
of the three Regiments of the Brigade, as a reserve force. 
This reserve position was on a ridge, which ran parallel to 
the Lafayette and Chattanooga road. A thin growth of 
woods covered the space that intervened between 11s and the 
10 



138 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

road. From this position the Battery shot over the heads of 
our men in its front, into the ranks of the enemy, with ter- 
rible effect. The Battery remained here until 4:15 p. m. 

The Seventh Indiana Battery of Van Cleve’s Division, 
supported by the Ninety-second Illinois Regiment of Wil- 
der’s mounted Brigade of our Division, was added to this re- 
serve force. The Ninety-second had dismounted and hitched 
their horses in the woods for this purpose. Presently Palmer 
called for the Seventy-fifth Indiana to take the place of the 
Sixth Ohio Regiment of Grose’s Brigade of his Division, 
which had removed to our reserve force for a re-supply of 
ammunition. Gen. Reynolds ordered the Seventy-fifth Regi- 
ment forward, and for the time retained the Sixth Ohio with 
the Batteries. It was now about 2 p. m. At the moment 
the Seventy-fifth Regiment started from its position at the 
road where it had been posted to support the two Indiana 
Batteries, the Confederates were driving some of our troops 
out of the woods across the road. This caught Gen. Pal- 
mer’s eye, and he, in person, ordered our Regiment to charge 
these advancing Confederates. The place was somewhere 
between the Tanyard and Poe’s field, and the time was about 
2 o’clock in the afternoon. The initiation of the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Regiment into the battle of Chickamauga was 
upon this charge, which was most gallantly and successfully 
made. This charge was entirely separate from and indepen- 
dent of any other National troops. Gen. Palmer, in his offi- 
cial report, highly complimented the Regiment for the work 
accomplished by this charge. Palmer says: 

I had hardly reached the toad when some troops driven out of the woods 
crossed the road, pursued to the edge of the woods by the enemy. At that 
moment one brigade of General Reynolds passed going to the right, but as 
they seemed likely to go too far, I requested Colonel Robinson, of the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana, to meet the advancing enemy. He did so in fine 
style, and drove him back for a considerable distance. The officers and 
men of that regiment deserve great credit for their gallantry in this affair. 
After Robinson’s regiment had moved off under my orders, General Rey- 
nolds suggested that his withdrawal had left his battery without support. I 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 139 

then ordered Colonel Anderson, with the Sixth Ohio, to fill his boxes and 
remain there until relieved, and returned to my own lines. 

The above impartial words, so highly complimentary to 
our Regiment, are the more appreciated, as they are written 
bv the pen of a Major-General who was not our commander, 
nor even a member of our Corps. 

By being ordered upon this charge we were thereby sepa- 
rated almost the whole afternoon from our Brigade. We did 
not join our Brigade until late in the evening. 

In this gallant charge by the Regiment, which occupied 
only a few minutes, Joseph Boon of D Company, Levi S. 
Saylor of E Company, John A. Handler and Jackson Need- 
ham of G Company, Thomas J. Fullum of H Company., Henry 
Wildunner and W. Riley Woods of I Company, were instantly 
killed; and James Jellison and Matthew H. Milner of E Com- 
pany were mortally wounded. Several others were more or 
less severely wounded at the same time. These comrades 
were killed and wounded by minie balls. Boon, Fullum and 
Woods were struck squarely in the forehead between the two 
eyes. Saylor was the first man killed in his Company, and 
possibly in the Regiment. Wildunner was shot in the breast, 
the ball passing entirely through him, and in its exit, tearing 
away a part of his knapsack. 

Wildunner had a presentiment of his death. Captain M. 
H. Floyd relates the following: “If such a thing as a pre- 
sentiment were ever possessed by any one, it was by Wil- 
dunner. Twice that morning he told me in all seriousness, 
that he would be killed that day; and when he turned around 
to me after receiving the fatal shot, he said: “Cap., I told 
you I would be the first man killed.” He marched to the 
rear more than half a mile, and when our lines broke, and 
we had to go back, I myself saw him lying upon his face 
dead, with his gun clutched in his hand and all his accou- 
trements on, as they were when he received the bullet. It 
shows what tenacity of life the poor fellow had, to endure a 
march of half a mile after receiving his death wound.” 



140 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

The battle now all along the left wing of the army was 
raging furiously. The Confederates made sudden and dash- 
ing onslaughts upon first one portion and then upon an- 
other of our columns. It was a succession of charges and 
counter-charges. Troops on the immediate right of our 
Brigade called for help; General Davis responded by entering 
his Division there. The pressure against the line, where 
the three Regiments of our Brigade were in position, having 
drifted farther to the right, was so great that Colonel King 
called for his other Regiment — Seventy-fifth Indiana — to 
join its Brigade. King, doubtless, was under the impression 
that we were yet at the reserve ; but by order of General 
Reynolds, and at the request of General Palmer, we had left 
the reserve. Reynolds sent the Ninety-second Illinois to 
take the place of our Regiment. The Ninety-second had 
scarcely started, when it was nearly run over by our retiring 
forces, pursued by the Confederates. 

In a few minutes after the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment 
had made the brilliant charge referred to, the ammunition of 
• all the Regiments of Grose’s Brigade, except that of the 
Eighty-fourth Illinois, gave out, and they retired for a sup- 
ply. O11 the retirement of these Regiments, the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana was thrown into the greater part of the breach. 
I11 his official report, General Reynolds thus refers to the 
work of the Regiment here: “The Seventy-fifth Indiana re- 
turned late in the day and in some disorder, having relieved 
an entire Brigade and done efficient service.” The “Bri- 
gade,” which the Regiment relieved, consisted of the Sixth 
and Twenty-fourth Ohio, the Twenty-third Kentucky and 
the Thirty-sixth Indiana Regiments, which retired for 
ammunition. They belonged to Grose’s Brigade. It is no 
discredit to any Regiment to have it said, that it was “in 
some disorder,” after having done the service of “an entire 
Brigade.” 

Shortly after 2 p. m., the Confederates under Stewart of 
Buckner’s Corps, savagely attacked Van Cleve’s Division on 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 14 1 

our right. Palmer and Reynolds each sent a Bigade to Van 
Cleve’s aid. The former dispatched Col. Grose’s Brigade and 
the latter ours under Col. King. The movement more or less 
diverted the attack of Stewart against Van Cleve. In a short 
time the line all along Palmer’s and Reynolds’ front gave 
way in considerable confusion. Reynolds, Palmer and Hazen 
now collected together several Batteries — Cushing’s, Russell’s, 
Swallow’s and Harris’ — and planted them on either side of 
the Chattanooga road near Poe’s. Towards these Batteries, 
the Confederates were making a bold dash. In the support 
of these Batteries, the Regiments of Col. King’s Brigade with 
some others were formed. Here, the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiment joined its Brigade, where it properly belonged. It 
was placed here on the right of the Brigade, taking an ele- 
vated position in a stubble field near these Batteries — Cush- 
ing’s or Russell’s. In taking our position, the Regiment 
emerged from a woods and crossed the road leading to Chatta- 
nooga. The woods, which we had occupied, seemed filled 
with missiles of death. Bullets flew fast and thick, cutting 
off, as by a knife, twigs and small branches of trees. The 
enemy had pressed us back by taking u$ in front and right 
flank. But here with the aid of these massed Batteries, which 
threw double-shotted canister into the ranks of the advancing 
columns of Bate and Clayton, we were able to hold onr ground 
for a while, even though a perfect hailstorm of lead and iron 
fell around 11s. 

It was here that Hazen’s Brigade of Palmer’s Division, 
passing in the rear of onr line, having withdrawn for ammu- 
nition, formed on the right and rear of our Brigade to support 
it. As they approached us — our Regiment being next to 
them — and noticing strange troops, we inquired: “What 
Regiment?” Their reply was: “ The Bloody Ninth /” It 
was the Ninth Indiana. 

In the course of time this charging column of Confederates 
was advancing farther to the right and beyond the line 
formed by our Regiment, by reason of the removal of Hazen’s 



142 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Brigade, which had received the order to retire. We received 
orders to retire also with the Batteries. During this on- 
slaught by the Confederates, the writer is informed by 
Comrade John M. Conklin, Orderly Sergeant of our Brigade 
Battery, that all the horses belonging to Sergeant Green’s 
gun and caisson were killed, and the gun and caisson cap- 
tured. The Battery had only time to reverse its guns from 
front to right flank and fire half a dozen rounds to each gun, 
when it was compelled to fall back to the left and rear. It 
was at this time that Captain Harris of the Battery fell 
severely wounded in his right side, and was carried from 
the field. 

Many of the officers and enlisted men of the Regiments 
and Batteries under Reynolds and Palmer lost their valuable 
lives at this crisis of the battle. The affair almost proved 
disastrous. Upon whom the blame must rest, or whether 
any one in particular was responsible for the mishap, the 
writer is unable to say; but he can say with a reasonable de- 
gree of certainty, that the fault was not from any cowardice 
on the part of the commanding generals and officers and men 
of the Regiments and Batteries engaged. A braver set of men 
never entered a battle. 

It was in the retiring movement from the elevated ground 
in the old stubble field, which was occupied by the Batteries, 
that seven of our men in A Company of our Regiment were 
shot on the right side of the head by the enemy, who were 
then flanking us. Among those of A Company, who were 
shot in this way and at this time, was Corporal Henry James. 
Whilst the tempest of bullets and shells from the enemy 
swept the field, a minie ball ploughed through his face, near 
the right temple, and instantly his face was covered with his 
warm blood. The comrades of his Company supposed him 
killed, as the Confederate Brigade swarmed into the field over 
his body. He was taken prisoner and lived eight days, 
showing thereby the tenacity with which he clung to life. 

Corporal James Stewart, of F Company — the color-bearer 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 143 

of the Regimental battle-flag — was here wounded in the right 
hip. As he fell, Color-Sergeant Jacob Lair, the bearer of the 
Stars and Stripes of the Regiment, seized the battle-flag also, 
and being a muscular man, carried both flags for the moment 
in his hands, and Corporal Stewart on his back. In a few 
minutes a minie ball pierced the body of Corporal Stewart 
from right to left immediately under his arm-pits, as he hung 
bleeding and wounded upon the back of Color-Sergeant 
Lair. This shot killed the Corporal. He was a brave 
fellow. The Regimental battle-flag borne by his hands was 
pierced with bullets before he fell. Corporal Thomas P. 
Henderson of C Company now seized the battle flag and 
carried it in honor to the close of the battle. 

The Seventy-fifth Regiment retired across the field about 
fifty yards to an old worm-fence at the edge of a woods, which 
separated the field from the woods, and behind which we re- 
formed. Here we held our ground securely. Vivid is the 
writer’s recollection of some officers of our grand old Regi- 
ment, who, with tears in their eyes and determination on their 
faces, begged the privilege of charging the Confederates from 
this point, and of retaking the ground which we had lost. 
Notably among them was the brave Captain McGinness, 
who met with a terrible misfortune on the following day. 

When Van Cleve withdrew from the front of Stewart’s 
Division, which implicated Grose’s Brigade of Palmer’s 
Division and King’s Brigade of Reynolds’ Division, and we 
were pressed back to this position, we here stayed the flank- 
ing, advancing foe, and compelled him to withdraw from our 
front and rear. It is true, that Croxton’s Brigade of Bran- 
nan’s Division, from the left of our line, came to our relief. 
But by the effective use of our Batteries, which vomited forth 
incessant volleys of grape and canister, and by the well- 
directed aim of the musketry of our Brigade, we had the 
Confederates on the retreat, by the time Croxton got to us. 
In the excellent map of Merrill, Ruger & Kellogg of the 
battle-field of Chickamauga, it is said: “ When Van Cleve’s 



144 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 



withdrawal had involved the right of Palmer and Reynolds, 
Brannan’s Division, which had been idle since 2 p. m. , was 
sent to their support; but the head of Brannan’s column only 
reached the vicinity of Reynolds, when the enemy was being 
repulsed.” 

Gen. Reynolds in his official report of this terrible on- 
slaught of the Confederates says: 

I met our retiring regiments in person, pointed them to fourteen guns in 
position as evidence that the enemy must be thrown back, and by great ex- 
ertion succeeded in reforming several regiments in rear of the batteries. 

battery M, Fourth regular artillery, commanded by Lieut. Russell, at this 
time came to our position, and was ordered into action on Harris’ left. 
These batteries fired with terrible effect upon the enemy, his progress was 
checked, and our line for a time prevented from yielding any further. The 
enemy now shifted further to the right, where there was evidently an open- 
ing in our lines, and coming in on their right flank, our regiments again 
became disheartened and began to retire. The batteries following the regi- 
ments changed front and fired to the right, and the line was reformed along 
a fence nearly perpendicular to its former position, with the batteries in the 
edge of the woods, the enemy pushing still further to the right and rear. I 
rallied and formed into double line some ten or twelve other returning regi- 
ments, which came in from the left centre, and placing the front line under 
the immediate command of Col. Croxton, Tenth Kentucky, ordered them 
to swing around 011 the left flank as a pivot ; this order was well executed 
by both lines in our rear, thus entirely cleared of the enemy. It was now 
nearly sundown, and operations on this part of the field ceased for the day. 

The Confederate General Brown’s Brigade of Stewart’s 
Division fell heavily at the same time upon Turchin’s Brig- 
ade of our Division and Cruft’s Brigade of Palmer’s Division, 
who were to our left. They held their ground for some time 
under a deadly fire, but were driven back by the impetuosity 
of the assailing enemy. I11 his official report of the circum- 
stances, Gen. Palmer says: 

While riding toward Cruft’s brigade, to order him to move to the right to 
support Grose, a heavy force came down upon him and Turchin. For ten 
minutes or more our men stood up under this fire, and then the enemy 
charged them and bore them back. Cruft, Turchin, and all their officers 
exerted themselves with distinguished courage to arrest the retreat, and I 
gave them what assistance I could. It seemed as if nothing would prevent 
a rout; but as if by magic the line straightened up, the men turned upon 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 145 

their pursuers with the bayonet, and as quickly they turned and fled, and 
were in turn pursued. Many prisoners were brought to me at this point by 
soldiers for orders. I told them to break their muskets and let them go, 
and then go back to their places in the ranks. By this time the enemy had 
passed to the rear, and I felt much apprehension for Hazen. I rode in the 
direction of heavy firing near the Rossville road, and found him with a part 
of his own brigade and a large conscription of stragglers and several pieces 
of artillery, resisting an attempt of the enemy to cross an open field in his 
front. His fire was too hot, and they abandoned the effort. Very soon 
other troops of Reynolds’ division came up ; Grose collected his troops, who 
were somewhat scattered ; Cruft was ordered to fall back to this point ; our 
lines were reformed, and the battle seemed over. 

Ill this terrific charge against ours and Grose’s Brigade, 
the Confederates gained some ground and a few pieces of ar- 
tillery — the Nineteenth Indiana Battery losing one piece — but 
they were most severely punished. Their officers were un- 
horsed by the ceath of their animals; their Regiments were 
commanded by Captains, and their Companies by Sergeants. 
Onward they madly rushed, yelling like bloodhounds upon 
the trail. Every moment had its peculiar sound of terror — 
every spot its ghastly sight of destruction and horror. Brig. 
Gen. Bate, who was in command of one of the charging Bri- 
gades of the Confederates, says that twenty-five per cent, of 
his men were killed and wounded, and that his loss of 
wounded officers was heavy. Brig. Gen. Clayton, command- 
ing the other charging Confederate Brigade, admits that he 
lost nearly four hundred officers and men killed and wounded 
in the charge. In his official report Bate says: 

At 3 p. m. Brigadier-General Clayton’s and Brown’s brigades successively 
engaged the enemy. In about thirty minutes I was ordered by Major-Gen- 
eral Stewart to advance, General Clayton having withdrawn and Brown also 
passed to the rear. My line of battle was organized by placing Caswell’s 
battalion of sharpshooters (Fourth Georgia) on the right, and in succession 
from that wing were the Twentieth Tennessee, Col. T. B. Smith ; Thirty- 
seventh Georgia, Col. A. F. Rudler ; Fifty-eighth Alabama, Col. Bushrod 
Jones, and Fifteenth and Thirty-seventh Tennessee, Col. R. C. Tyler, con- 
stituting the supporting line. I had thrown out no skirmishers. The whole 
command moved forward with spirit and zeal, engaging the enemy hotly 
before it had proceeded 200 yards, his lines extending in front and to the 
right and left of us. A battery in front of my extreme right played con- 



146 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



stantly and with terrible effect upon that wing until my right pressed within 
less than 50 paces of it, when it was rapidly removed to prevent capture. 
Another revealed its hydra head immediately in rear of this, supported by a 
second line, hurling its death-dealing missiles more destructively, if pos- 
sible, upon our still advancing but already thinned ranks. Having driven 
the first line back upon its support, a fresh battery and infantry were 
brought to play upon my right, which, by its advanced position had become 
subject to an enfilade fire, and gave way, but not until Major Caswell, 
Colonel Smith, and Colonel Rudler, the three officers commanding, respec- 
tively, the three right battalions, were wounded, and at least 25 per cent, of 
their numbers killed and wounded. 

In bis official report Clayton says, as follows: 

I again moved forward about 4 o’clock, the brigades of Generals Brown 
and Bate having successively advanced and engaged the enemy. Passing 
Bate’s brigade, then in front, my line continued steadily forward with 
promptness and spirit, accompanied nearly to the Chattanooga road by the 
Fifty eighth Alabama Regiment, Col. Bushrod Jones (which attracted my 
attention by the excellent order in which it moved), and a small portion of 
another regiment which I did not recognize, both of Bate’s brigade. 

The enemy continued to retreat to and beyond the Chattanooga road, 
near which my brigade captured two pieces of artillery, which were brought 
off in the manner stated by my regimental commanders, whose reports ac- 
company this. My brigade continued the pursuit of the enemy one-half 
mile beyond the road, when a staff officer reporting the enemy advancing 
in strong force from the right, and it also having been reported to me, 
through my assistant adjutant-general, by a staff officer whom he did not 
recognize, that the enemy’s cavalr}^ had been seen in force upon the left as 
if preparing to advance, my brigade fell back across the road at leisure, 
where I halted and reformed it in connection with the portion of General 
Bate’s brigade already referred to. 

I take pleasure in mentioning that Captains Crenshaw and Lee, with their 
companies from the Fifty-eighth Alabama Regiment, of Bate’s brigade, ac- 
companied mine beyond the road. They are gallant officers. 

In this charge my brigade captured 50 or 60 prisoners besides the two 
pieces of artillery, and I have reason to believe that the loss in killed and 
wounded inflicted upon the enemy to some extent compensated for our own 
in the earlier engagement. 

This engagement between the hours of 3 and 4 p. in., in 
which the Federal Divisions of Reynolds and Palmer fought 
Stewart’s Division near the centre at Poe’s, was the forma- 
tion of the second group of battles for the day. 

During the retirement of the Regiment with the Brigade 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



147 



before the fearful charge of Stewart’s Division between 3 
and 4 o’clock in the afternoon of the first day, several mem- 
bers, besides those previously mentioned, were killed and 
wounded and taken prisoners. Corporal George W. Her of 
H Company, and Columbus A. Bennett of E Company, were 
instantly killed. The former received his death wound just 
after we had crossed the Chattanooga road, when a part of 
the Regiment had leaped a fence and entered a lane. He 
was in this lane with the writer and others, when he was shot 
through the body with a minie-ball. Corporal Iler served 
faithfully in his Company, and fell as pure a patriot as any 
man in the Regiment. The latter was killed also by a 
minie-ball passing through his head. His death was greatly 
deplored, on account of his worth. Martin Jackson of G 
Company and George Nevins of E Company were mortally 
wounded; the former in the breast and the latter in the hip. 
Both were made prisoners of war and were exchanged, dying 
in our hospital at Chattanooga in the following October — the 
one on the 4th and the other on the 29th. John Robbins, 
John D. McKee and James Miner of G Company were mor- 
tally wounded and captured. Robbins’ leg was lacerated, 
and he died from the effects of it, October 15th; McKee was 
wounded in the back of the head and died the same day. 
The Adjutant-General’s report of “missing” in his case is 
incorrect. Miner was wounded in the groin, and died the 
third day after receiving his wound. All three died in the 
hands of the enemy. Sergeant Joel W. McMahan, of G 
Company, was severely wounded by a minie-ball, which 
penetrated his head behind the ear and came out of the centre 
of his cheek. Silas Morehead of A Company, Sergeant 
Marion W. Essington, Corporal John R. Leonard, David F. 
Johnson, Jonathan Kelley, Salathiel Lamb, Henry Rey- 
nolds, Evan Stewart, Earl S. Stone of D Company, were 
more or less wounded. Johnson died of his wounds in 
Chattanooga, October 22d. Jonas Coffman of E Company 
was wounded by a minie-ball in the left hip; Adam Foust 



148 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

of E Company in the face; Joseph J. Johnson of E Company 
in the left thigh; George F. Smith and Henry Trout of E 
Company in the leg; and Kilbourne F. Way, a Corporal in 
the same Company, was wounded in the foot. Sergeant 
John W. Chamness of G Company, who subsequently was 
promoted to the first lieutenancy of the Company, received a 
flesh wound in the right arm between the elbow and shoulder, 
and Lewis Moler of the same Company received a flesh wound 
in the thigh. James Douglass, in the left arm, Lewis R. 
Fitch, through both ankles, and Peter Fulhart, in the head, 
and Joshua C. Joseph in the breast and leg — all of H Com- 
pany. Michael Dennis and Valentine Knee of H Company 
were also wounded, the former severely and the latter mor- 
tally, dying of his wounds at Stevenson, Alabama, October 
19th. Isaac N. Kiunan, of H Company, was very severely 
wounded in the left arm, from the effects of which he was 
discharged April 6th, 1864. Hiram Slain, of H Company, 
also was wounded, on account of which he was discharged 
June 29th, 1864. John G. Thompson, Matthew Waters and 
Leroy Welch, of H Company, were slightly wounded. The 
Lawson brothers of A Company — William A. and James M. — 
were captured while they were trying to get possession of 
the body of Silas Morehead, their brother-in-law, who was 
wounded, but supposed killed. William died in prison at 
Andersonville, Ga., August 14th, 1864, and James, who was 
sick when captured, was transferred from Richmond to Dan- 
ville, Va., where he died a prisoner on Christmas Day, 1863. 

Timothy F. Fait and George H. Kinsey of F Company, 
and David Twible of K Company, were killed on this day’s 
battle. It is a matter of regret that the writer is unable to 
obtain any of the particulars of their death. Right nobly did 
they fight, however, standing up to the work and dying un- 
flinchingly. Their lives went out in the line of duty. To 
their valor, good service, true manhood and soldierly quali- 
ties, the writer can testify. 

In falling back to the worm fence to be reformed, the inter- 



of Indiana Infantry Vohinteers. 



149 



ior of the gun barrel of the writer had become so dirty from 
frequent discharges, that the ball would no longer descend by 
the regulation movements of the rammer. The writer is left- 
handed. He laid his left hand heavily upon the top of the 
rammer two-thirds of the way down the barrel in the act of 
loading, the pressure of which forced the thread end of the 
rammer into the palm of his hand, from which sufficient 
blood spurted to attract the attention of Captain Floyd, his 
brother, who called to him: “David, are you hurt?” The 
wound, to which the Surgeon of the Regiment applied a 
piece of adhesive plaster, did not disable the writer from the 
performance of his duties in the battle, but did leave a scar 
in his hand for life. 

Others of the Regiment were wounded and captured at this 
time, whose names cannot be recalled now. 

From 2 until 4 p. m., a fierce battle raged on our right in 
the locality of Vineyard’s farm, between the Federal Divis- 
ions of Van Cleve and Davis, and a Brigade of Sheridan’s 
Division, and the Confederate Divisions of Hood, Bushrod 
Johnson, and Preston. It was caused by the forward move- 
ment of the Confederate left in the direction of Lee and 
Gordon’s Mills. It was a desperate conflict — some hand-to- 
hand encounters having taken place. The Federals at last 
were driven from their position, but reformed along a fence 
in rear of the Vineyard buildings, which they held. This 
composed the third group of battles for the day. 

Wilder’s Mounted Brigade of our Division, which had been 
sent from the extreme left, Negley’s Division of our Corps, 
and Wood’s Division of Crittenden’s Corps, were also more or 
less engaged on the right after 5 p. m. 

Although the firing had ceased on our immediate front by 
the setting of the sun, Cleburne’s Division of Hill’s Con- 
federate Corps furiously attacked Baird’s and Johnson’s Di- 
visions on the left of our line, as they were withdrawing by 
order of Gen. Thomas, to a position at Kelley’s farm, after 
darkness had set in. Thus the conflict ended for the day. 



150 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

“It gave one the cold shivers. The wild yells echoing in 
the woods, the deafening musketry ominously advancing, 
the lines of fire lighting up the darkness, were a brilliant 
finale to the day’s conflict.” 

The mixing up of the Divisions and Brigades, by pushing 
forward the troops most accessible to the positions seriously 
threatened by the Confederates, destroyed the unity of our 
Army Corps, as they formed the line of battle along the 
Chattanooga and Lafayette road. In the following order, 
from left to right by Divisions and Corps, the lines ran : 
Branuan’s and Baird’s of the Fourteenth Corps, Johnson’s 
of the Twentieth and Palmer’s of the Twenty-first, Reynolds’ 
of the Fourteenth, Van Cleve’s and Wood’s of the Twenty- 
first, Davis’ and Sheridan’s of the Twentieth, and Negley’s 
of the Fourteenth. 

During the day Granger’s Reserve Corps on the left near 
Rossville was watching the Confederate Cavalry under For- 
rest; Crook’s and Fd. McCook’s Cavalry on our extreme 
right kept an eye on Wheeler’s Confederate Calvary on the 
opposite side of the river near Glass’ Mill; and Minty’s Cav- 
alry Brigade covered and protected our wagon trains in the 
rear of the Widow Glenn’s house. Our field hospitals were 
established at Cloud’s house on the left, and at Crawfish 
Springs on the right. The wounded of our Regiment were 
cared for at the latter. 

In the battle of the 19th, all our troops were engaged, ex- 
cept the Reserve Corps and two Brigades of Sheridan’s Di- 
vision. Negley’s Division, however, was only slightly under 
fire. Bragg had eleven Brigades unemployed in the battle 
of the 19th. The Divisions of Breckinridge and Hindman 
lay quietly nearly all day on the other side of the river. 
Two Brigades of Longstreet’s Corps and Gist’s Brigade of 
Walker’s Corps did not arrive on the battle-field until after 
midnight of this day. Longstreet himself was not on the 
field during the first day. Two of Preston’s Brigades ex- 
perienced very little of the first day’s conflict. Thus Bragg 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 15 1 

had almost twice as many fresh troops to enter the battle of 
the 20th, as Rosecrans had. 

“The battle of September 19th was one of the fiercest 
and deadliest of the war. It was a rough-and-tumble, all day 
long fight, without intrenchments; a series of surprises, of al- 
ternating successes, of charges and countercharges, a death 
grapple of irregular lines in thickets and woods. There was 
no time for tactics or manoeuvring, or counter preparation. 
Overshadowed by the dramatic features of the next day’s 
battle, one can now scarcely realize and recall the enduring 
heroism of this struggle. The war furnished no better test 
of the fighting metal of the American soldier.” (Lieut. Col. 
G. P. Thruston, A. A. G. 20th A. C.) “It was not simple 
skirmishing, but a battle; a mad, irregular battle, very much 
resembling guerrilla warfare on a vast scale, in which one 
army was bushwhacking the other, and wherein all the 
science and the art of war went for nothing.” (Turcliin’s 
History of the Battle of Chickamauga.) 

The bivouac of both armies was on the field which they 
respectively occupied and held, when the darkness of the 
night overshadowed them. Who can ever forget that cold, 
cheerless Saturday night of the 19th of September, 1863, on 
the field of Chickamauga? The light of the moon, as it 
shone through the trees of the forest, cast a sombre shadow 
over the dead and dying, as they lay as thick as leaves in 
Vallombrosa. The silence of the night was in striking con- 
trast to the day’s rattle of musketry and boom of cannon. 
The night’s stillness was broken only by mangled and dying 
men, who lay moaning in physical agony, intermingling their 
groans with prayers and imprecations. The wretched spec- 
tacle of these men, as they lay cold and stark in the moon- 
light from the day’s battle; and the wearied, haggard, jaded 
and hungry heroes, with smoke-begrimed faces, who had 
marched the entire previous night and fought the livelong 
day, as they lay asleep in the midst of the dead and dying, 
where they had fought, impressed the sombre coloring of a 
picture upon the writer’s memory, that will never be effaced. 



CHAPTER VII. 



CHICKAMAUGA— BATTLE OF SEPTEMBER 20TH, 1863. 

During the night of the 19th, General Rosecrans sum- 
moned his Corps commanders to his headquarters, at the 
Widow Glenn’s house, for consultation and instruction for the 
great conflict of the 20th. With the instinct of a com- 
mander, Rosecrans perceived that Bragg’s main attack for 
the day would be on our left. He, therefore, divided the 
National Army into two wings, placing General Thomas in 
command of the left, and General McCook of the right. 

Thomas was directed to post his wing in line of battle, in 
a good position, around Kelley’s farm, and McCook received 
instructions to refuse his wing to the right and rear of 
Thomas’, and hold it in readiness for the latter’s assistance. 
To effect this, McCook was ordered to withdraw two Divis- 
ions of his Corps — Davis’ and Sheridan’s — from the line 
which they were then occupying, and form a new line 
stretching from Thomas’ right to the Widow Glenn’s house. 
Crittenden was instructed to post two Divisions of his Corps 
— Wood’s and Van Cleve’s — to the rear and in proximity of 
the junction formed by Thomas’ right and McCook’s left, so 
as to support both. 

These changes, made before daylight, and immediately 
after the pickets of McCook’s wing had been driven in by 
the Confederates, united two Divisions of McCook’s Corps 
and two of Crittenden’s; but it would have been fatal to re- 
move Johnson’s Division of McCook’s Corps, and Palmer’s 
Division of Crittenden’s Corps from their respective positions 
in line between the Divisions of Baird and Reynolds of the 
Fourteenth Corps, where they had fought on the first day. 

( 152) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



153 



Negley’s Division of the Fourteenth Corps at Brotherton’s, 
which was ordered to join Thomas on the left of Baird, was 
not relieved in time to obey the order, except John Beatty’s 
Brigade, which, together with Dodge’s Brigade of Johnson’s 
Division, formed in line on Baird’s left. The other two 
Brigades of Negley’s Division did not move towards the left 
until the fighting began. 

Hence the involution of Divisions and Brigades, which, by 
the emergency of the hour, had occurred on the first day, for 
the same reasons had to remain so during the battle of the 
second. 

The commander of the Cavalry — Gen. Mitchell — was di- 
rected to join his command to the right wing and report to 
McCook, its commander, from whom he would receive or- 
ders. The Reserve Corps, under Gen. Granger, was ordered 
to remain near Rossville at McAffee’s Church. Wilder’s 
Brigade of Mounted Infantry, of our Division, was to act with 
the Cavalry. 

It was past midnight, when Rosecrans’ generals left his 
headquarters with their orders for the battle of the 20th. 

From the camp-fire of his headquarters near Tedford’s ford, 
on the opposite side of the river, Gen. Bragg issued his specific 
orders for the movements of his army in the forthcoming 
conflict. He divided his armv also into two wing-s, and 
placed Lieutenant-General James Longstreet, (who had just 
arrived on the battle-field and at Bragg’s headquarters) in 
command of the left wing, and Lieutenant-General Polk in 
command of the right wing. Longstreet’s wing comprised 
Buckner’s and Longstreet’s Corps, and Hindman’s Division 
of Polk’s Corps, and Polk’s wing was composed of Hill’s and 
Walker’s Corps and Cheatham’s Division of Polk’s Corps. 
The involution of Divisions occurred also in Bragg’s army, 
disturbing thereby the unity of his Corps. Wheeler’s Cavalry 
was placed on the left, and Forrest’s Cavalry on the right. 

The Confederates, as on the day previous, were the aggres- 
sors. Bragg’s plan of battle was simple. His orders were, 



1 1 



154 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

that the assault should begin at daylight on the extreme right 
of his right wing; and that each Division in rapid succession 
should take up the attack to the left. The left wing should 
await the attack of the right, when the same plan of advance 
by Divisions successively to the left was to be adopted. After 
this the whole line was to be pushed vigorously and per- 
sistently against our entire front. 

The anxiety of both armies for the result of the second day 
was great. Each had suffered terribly on the first day. An 
unusually large percentage of Confederate officers had fallen. 
Neither army felt it liad-actually won a victory; but the odds 
were in favor of our side. But both sides felt it would re- 
quire the clash of arms of another day to settle it. Conse- 
quently the tired troops in their blue and gray uniforms went 
to sleep for the night upon the gory field, with the expecta- 
tion of the work of death to be continued by the coming of 
the new day. It came at last, red and sultry, with a dense 
fog and smoke, hanging over the dead and dying of the 
previous day’s battle, like the drapery of a mighty pall. 

Thomas’ wing ran by Divisions from left to right in the 
following order, viz: Baird on the extreme left, then Johnson, 
Palmer, Reynolds and Brannan; the last Division, (Bran- 
nan’s) being held in reserve. The line of Thomas bent back- 
wards, like a bow, around Kelley’s farm, both ends touching 
the Lafayette and Chattanooga road, the right end extending 
beyond the road, and the centre bulging out towards the 
Confederates. The line was strengthened by a barricade of 
logs and rails, which each Division built in its immediate 
front during Saturday night and Sunday morning. The 
breastworks in front of our Regiment were of the simplest 
construction. They consisted merely of a few old rails, de- 
caying logs and stumps, collected by us and piled up in front 
of the position we occupied. We built them on Sunday 
morning, after the battle on the left had fairly opened. If 
Bragg’s ear caught the sounds of axes in constructing 
Federal works on Saturday night, as he asserts in his report, 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



155 



the sound was not made with axes wielded by the men of our 
Regiment. It was during the construction of these works, 
that Lieut. Col. O’Brien was wounded in the right forearm 
by a buckshot. 

McCook’s wing, trending from left to right in a south- 
westerly direction, was formed of the Divisions of Negley, 
Davis, and Sheridan and Wilder’s Brigade (mounted) of our 
Division in line of battle. Van Cleve’s and Wood’s Divisions 
were in reserve. This wing was without barricades. 

Our entire line of battle was short enough to enable Bragg 
to mass his troops and confront us with five Divisions in his 
front line and six in the reserve. His right wing comprised 
the Divisions of Breckinridge and Cleburne in the front line, 
with Gist’s and Liddell’s Divisions in reserve. This wing 
confronted our left as far as Palmer’s Division. His left wing 
consisted of the Divisions of Stewart, Bushrod Johnson, and 
Hindman in the front line, with the Divisions of Cheatham, 
Hood (Law), McLaws (Kershaw) and Preston in reserve. 
This wing confronted our entire right wing and over-lapped 
Reynolds and Brannan — two Divisions of our left wing. 

Our Division — Reynolds’ — was posted about the centre of 
the Federal line, with Palmer on the left and Brannan on the 
right. No material change of position from the previous 
day was made in our Division, except the union of the two 
Infantry Brigades. Turchin’s lay east of the Chattanooga 
road, joining Palmer’s right, and ours (King’s) lay west of 
this road, joining Brannan’s left. Our Brigade was posted 
slightly to the rear of the line on the left, in order to secure a 
good position — facing the road. The position of the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Regiment was on the front line, on the right 
flank of our Brigade and Division, resting on the corner of 
Poe’s field. The right of the Regiment rested near the south- 
west corner of the field, in which some corn-stalks were yet 
standing. In this field also stood an old stump, and, during 
the succession of charges which the Confederates made, their 
flag had fallen several times by the death of the color-bearers, 



*56 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



and they placed the staff of the flag in this stump, around 
which they tried to rally their men. The Seventy-fourth 
Indiana, of Croxton’s Brigade of Brannan’s Division, the left 
Regiment of that Division, when it moved to the front from 
the reserve, where it had been placed, took position on the 
immediate right of our Regiment. The fact that the 
Seventy-fourth and Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiments, be- 
longing to different Divisions, should be thus joined to- 
gether, was noticeable, and left an impression upon some of 
us. In the official report of his Regiment, Lieut. -Col. Myron 
Baker of the Seventy-fourth Indiana thus incidentally re- 
fers to this coincidence: “About 8 a. m., the Seventy-fourth 
Indiana, with the Tenth Indiana on its immediate right, 
moved to the left and joined on the Seventy-fifth Indiana, 
the right Regiment of Reynolds’ Division.” The Nine- 
teenth Indiana Battery, under Lieutenant Lackey, (Captain 
Harris, having been wounded the day before, was absent) was 
in position on the immediate left of our Regiment. The 
One-hundred and first Indiana Regiment was posted on the 
immediate left of the Battery, and the Sixty-eighth Indiana 
Regiment was on the left of the One-liundred and first, while 
the One-hundred and fifth Ohio Regiment was posted to the 
right and rear of the Brigade, being held in reserve. In 
other words, King’s Brigade was formed in line as follows: 



68th Ind. ioist Ind. 19th Ind. Batt’y. 75th Ind. 



Reserve 105th Ohio. 



Instead of beginning the assault at daylight, as Bragg had 
ordered, the sound of Polk’s guns did not disturb the silence 
until 9.30 a. m., when our anxiety was relieved by an awful 
-cannonade and musketry fire, opened by the Confederates, 
under Breckinridge, on our extreme left, which rolled all 
along the front of our left wing, from Baird to Palmer, by 
the successive advances of the Divisions of Breckinridge 
and Cleburne, supported by Gist’s and Liddell’s Divisions 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 157 

of Walker’s Corps. This delay — from daylight to 9.30 a. 111. 
— contrary to orders on the part of Polk’s wing to attack — 
was favorable to the Federal Army. It gave Rosecrans 
ample time to adjust his lines properly, build barricades, and 
be in readiness for the attack. Breckinridge assailed Baird 
most furiously in front and on the left flank. Two of his 
Brigades charged around Baird’s left, until they reached the 
Chattanooga road, when they wheeled to the left and swept 
up the road in the rear of Baird and Johnson. Here they 
were met and repulsed by the Reserve Brigades of the Divis- 
ions of Palmer, Johnson, Brannan and Negley. The Divis- 
ion of Breckinridge was fearfully shattered, sustaining a 
very heavy loss. It was disabled for farther participation in 
the fight, being relieved by the two Divisions of Walker’s 
Corps in reserve. In this attack, the commander of one of 
Breckinridge’s Brigades — Brig. -Gen. Benj. Hardin Helm — 
was slain, and that of another Brigade of his — Brig. -Gen. 
Daniel W. Adams — was badly wounded. 

Cleburne’s Division was the next in succession to attack. 
Cleburne began his advance about 9:45 a. m., supported by 
Cheatham 011 the right and Stewart on the left. This as- 
sault proved to be a most sanguinary fight with the Federal 
Divisions of Johnson, Palmer and Reynolds. It involved 
our Brigade at Poe’s field with Wood’s Confederate Brigade 
of Cleburne’s Division. Our battle line from Baird to Bran- 
nan (left wing) was so short, that when the Confederate line 
advanced upon our front, the left and right flanks of Cle- 
burne’s and Stewart’s Divisions came into collision. Desh- 
ler’s Brigade of Cleburne’s Division on the left was crowded 
out of line altogether, and had to pass to the rear of Stewart’s 
Division. Polk’s Brigade of Cleburne’s Division on the right 
crowded Wood’s Brigade of the same Division so closely in 
its advance, that Wood’s Brigade deflected to the left, and, 
passing over Bate’s Brigade of Stewart’s Division, pursued 
the track of its reckless charge across Poe’s field, which was 
in front of the position of our Brigade and especially of our 



158 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Regiment. This Confederate Brigade of Alabamians and 
Mississippians, under Brig. -Gen. S. A. M. Wood, was most 
severely punished in attempting to charge across Poe’s field 
(burnt house). It was subjected to a galling fire from our 
artillery and musketry in front and on both flanks. It was 
hurled back, sustaining the loss of five hundred men in a few 
minutes, according to the statement in the report of its Divi- 
sion commander. 

Well does the writer of this history remember the scene of 
the retiring tide of these gray coats of Wood’s Brigade, as it 
moved precipitately to the rear! Officers with drawn swords 
and pistols threw themselves in front of the retiring crowd, 
and by every device which physical and mental nature for 
the moment could invent, they tried to rally and reform the 
column of men from the broken mass of humanity that was 
retreating over Poe’s field. The Brigade advanced in solid 
columns . on double-quick, until it reached the crest of the 
hill within fifty yards of our improvised breastworks, when 
our Batteries, supported by the infantry of our Brigade, 
swept it from the field, like chaff before a storm. This charge 
resulted in a fearful destruction of life in the Regiments of 
Wood’s Brigade. The shot and shell of our Brigade ploughed 
through their ranks with horrible effect. Owing to our pro- 
tected position, the Regiments and Battery of our Brigade 
did not suffer as much. Colonel M. P. Lowrey, command- 
ing the two Mississippi Regiments, reports that one-fourth 
of his command was killed and wounded in the charge. He 
reports that, after the battle, nineteen of his men were buried 
in one grave near the spot where they w 7 ere all killed around 
his colors. Lowery himself was promoted for his gallantry 
in this charge. Captain Daniel Coleman, who commanded 
temporarily the Mississippi Sharpshooters after their com- 
mander, Major Hawkins, had his leg shot off in the charge by 
a cannon ball, from which he died, says in his report, that on 
the crest of the hill in our front many brave and gallant men 
in his battalion were killed and wounded. Among the slain 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



159 



was his brother, a lieutenant, who fell pierced with four mor- 
tal wounds. Captain F. A. Ashford, who temporarily 
commanded the Sixteenth Alabama (its commander, Major 
McGaughy, having received a mortal wound in the charge) 
reports that over two-thirds of his Regiment were killed and 
wounded in this assault. Col. Sam. Adams, commanding 
the Thirty-third Alabama Regiment, and the Eighteenth 
Alabama Battalion, reports a loss of sixteen killed and one 
hundred and thirty-three wounded in this charge. Col. E. 
B. Breedlove, of the Forty-fifth Alabama, reports that dur- 
ing the time his Regiment was exposed to our fire, his loss 
was much heavier than that of any other battle in which his 
Regiment participated. Major-Gen. Cleburne says of Wood’s 
charge in his official report: 

Passing toward the left at this time, I found that the line of advance of 
my division, which was the left of the right wing of the army, converged 
with the line of advance of the left wing of the army. The flanks of the two 
wings had already come into collision. Part of Wood’s brigade had passed 
over Bate’s brigade, of Stewart’s division, which was the right of the left 
wing, and Deshler’s brigade, which formed my left, had been thrown out 
entirely and was in rear of the left wing of the army. I ordered Wood to 
move forward the remainder of his brigade, opening at the same time in the 
direction of the enemy’s fire with Semple’s battery. That part of Wood’s 
brigade to the left of Lowrey’s regiment and to the left of the southern angle 
of the breastworks, in its advance at this time entered an old field bordering 
the road (Chattanooga and La Fayette) and attempted to cross it in the face 
of a heavy fire from works in its front. It had almost reached the road, its 
left wing being at Poe’s house (known as the burning house), when it was 
driven back by a heavy oblique fire of small-arms and artillery which was 
opened upon both its flanks, the fire from the right coming from the south 
face of the breastworks, which was hid from view by the thick growth of 
scrub-oak bordering the field. 

Five hundred men were killed and wounded by this fire in a few minutes. 
Upon this repulse (Lowrey’s regiment having also in the meantime been 
forced to retire), I ordered the brigade still farther back to reform. Sem- 
ple’s battery, which had no position, I also ordered back. 

After Wood’s Brigade had been driven back, Deshler’s 
Brigade was moved to the front to connect with Polk’s Brig- 
ade. In this movement, Brig. -Gen. James Deshler was in- 



160 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

stantly killed by a shell from our Battery, which penetrated 
his chest and tore his heart out. His Brigade was forced 
back. In his report Cleburne says: 

Finding it a useless sacrifice of life for Polk to retain his position, I ord- 
ered him to fall back with the rest of his line, and with his and Wood’s bri- 
gades I took up a stroug defensive position some 300 or 400 yards in rear of 
the point from which they had been repulsed. 

The whole of the Confederate right wing had now been 
engaged. The attack was spirited, but unsuccessful by reason 
of the persistency of our forces ensconced behind their im- 
provised barricades. There was now a lull of more than a 
half hour in our front. In the meantime the Seventy-fifth 
Regiment replenished ammunition, preparatory to receiving 
another assault, which soon came. 

The Confederate left wing under Longstreet now prepared 
to advance from right to left in the same order as the right 
wing. Stewart with his Division of three Brigades, com- 
prising the extreme right of this wing, and with Wood’s 
Brigade of Cleburne’s Division, began his brilliant advance at 
11 a. in. by the immediate order of Bragg. This was the 
initiatory movement, which resulted in the breaking up of 
the right wing of our army on the afternoon of this fatal day. 
Stewart’s charge was a failure, as far as his attempt to break 
the line in his immediate front was concerned; but it was a 
success, so far as drawing our troops from the right and 
weakening it, by which the left wing of the Confederates was 
enabled to break our line on the right and sweep it from the 
field. The advance all along Thomas’ front was sufficiently 
spirited for him to call repeatedly for help. Gen. Thomas 
says : 

General Baird being still hardly pressed in front, I ordered General 
Wood, who had just reported to me in person, to send one of the brigades, 
of his division to General Baird. He replied that the division had been or- 
dered by General Rosecrans to support Reynolds’ right. 

********** 

At the time that the assault just described was made on Baird, the enemy 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 1 6 r 

attacked Johnson, Palmer, and Reynolds, with equal fierceness, which was 
continued at least two hours, making assault after assault with fresh troops, 
which were met by my troops with a most determined coolness and deliber- 
ation. The enemy having exhausted his utmost energies to dislodge us 
apparently fell back entirely from our front, and we were not disturbed 
again until near night, after the withdrawal of the troops to Rossville had 
commenced. 

Iii his report Gen. Rosecrans says: 

The battle, in the meanwhile, roared with increasing fury, and approached 
from the left to the centre. Two aides arrived successively within a few 
minutes, from General Thomas, asking for re-enforcements. The first was 
directed to say that General Negley had already gone and should be near at 
hand at that time, and that Brannan’s reserve brigade was available. The 
other was directed to say that General Van Cleve would at once be sent to 
his assistance, which was accordingly done. 

A message fiom General Thomas soon followed, that he was heavily pres- 
sed, Captain Kellogg, aide-de-camp, the bearer, informing me at the same 
time that General Brannan was out of line, and General Reynolds’ right was 
exposed. Orders were dispatched to General Wood to close up on Rey- 
nolds, and word was sent to General Thomas that he should be supported, 
even if it took away the whole corps of Crittenden and McCook. 

“General Reynolds’ right” mentioned in both these re- 
ports was our Brigade and Regiment. Reynolds was pressed, 
but his resistance was greater than the pressure. Stewart’s 
own account of his assault, and the stubborn resistance by 
which the assault was met, shows the nature of the attack. 
In his official report, Stewart says: 

Accordingly, I arranged with General Wood that he should advance with 
Brown, which was done without delay ; Clayton was moved up immediately 
to Brown’s position, and Bate’s right thrown forward to bring him on line 
with Clayton, when they also advanced to be within supporting distance of 
Brown and Wood. For several hundred yards both lines pressed on, under 
the most terrible fire it has ever been my fortune to witness. The enemy 
retired, and our men, though mowed down at every step, rushed on at 
double-quick until at length the brigade on the right of Brown broke in 
confusion, exposing him to an enfilade fire. He continued on, however, 
some 50 to 75 yards farther, when his two right regiments gave way in dis- 
order and retired to their Original position. His centre and left, however, 
followed by the gallant Clayton and indomitable Bate, pressed on, passing 
the corn-field in front of the burnt house and to a distance of 200 to 300 



1 62 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



yards beyond the Chattanooga road, driving the enemy within his line of 
iutrenehments and passing a battery of four guns, which were afterward 
taken possession of by a regiment from another division. Here new batter- 
ies being opened b)^ the enemy on our front and flank, heavily supported 
by infantry, it became necessary to retire, the command reforming on the 
ground occupied before the advance. 

During this charge, which was truly heroic, our loss was severe. Several 
valuable officers were killed and wounded. Generals Brown and Clayton 
were each struck by spent grape, temporarily disabling the former, and 
General Bate and several of his staff had their horses killed — the second lost 
by General Bate that morning. 

After remaining long enough to reform the lines, to replenish ammuni- 
tion, and rest the men, the command again advanced to the corn-field men- 
tioned above, then moved by the right flank until it formed across a ridge 
which extended obliquely to the front and right. The enemy were still in 
position behind a breastwork of logs a few hundred yards in front of us, and 
General Buckner coming up, I understood it to be his wish that I should 
not then attempt to go forward, but to await orders. 

In their official reports, Brown, Bate and Clayton, com- 
manding the three Brigades of Stewart’s Division, say: 

At about ii o’clock, when ordered to advance, I moved in line to the 
front, preceded by my skirmishers, who, soon driving in the enemy’s skir- 
mishers, rallied upon the command. We moved at double-quick nearly 300 
yards through an open woods, the enemy retiring before us, when the bri- 
gade on my right broke in confusion. My line still advanced 50 or 75 yards 
farther, and to within 50 yards of the enemy’s battery and line of defenses, 
when the right, wholly unsupported and receiving a terrible cross-fire of 
musketry and artillery upon its flanks, broke and retired in disorder to our 
temporary defenses. I found all effort to rally the Eighteenth and Forty- 
fifth Tennessee short of the defenses in vain, and, indeed, impracticable 
under the storm of grape and canister which prevailed upon every part of 
the field over which these two regiments passed. The center and left con- 
tinued steadily to advance until they crossed the Chattanooga road 200 or 
300 5^ards, and passed the battery in our front, but on the right flank of the 
Thirty-second Tennessee Regiment; but being unsupported on the right in 
consequence of the retreat of the Eighteenth and Forty-fifth Tennessee 
Regiments, it became necessary to retire the remainder of the line, because 
to have advanced farther would have exposed it to the hazard of being cut 
off, while to have remainded stationary without shelter and under fire from 
a protected foe would have sacrificed the men without obtaining any com- 
pensating advantage. I therefore ordered it to retire, which it accomplished 
in comparatively good order, to the original line. While reforming my line 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



I ^3 

I received a slight wound, which disabled me from duty for the remainder 
of the day, and I refer to the report of Colonel Cook, upon whom the com- 
mand devolved, for the conduct of the brigade in the evening. — Brown. 

After waiting, under a severe and incessant fire of artillery, until about n 
a. m.. I communicated to General Stewart that no movement on my right 
had taken place ; that General Deshler had been killed, and desired to know 
if I should longer remain inactive. About this time there was firing in my 
front, and soon thereafter General Wood’s command came back, passing 
over my line. I was then ordered by Major-General Stewart to advance and 
attack. My command received the order with a shout, and moved upon the 
foe at a rapid gait. The battalion of sharpshooters was ordered to maintain 
its position at right angles to the line, and check, if possible (if not, to de- 
lay), any movement in that direction, giving the earliest notice of the same. 
My right, as upon the evening previous, became hotly engaged almost the 
instant it assumed the offensive. It was subject to a most galling fire of 
grape and musketry from my right oblique and front, cutting down with 
great fatality the Twentieth Tennessee and Thirty-seventh Georgia at every 
step, until they drove the enemy behind his defenses, from which, without 
support either of artillery or infantry, they were unable to dislodge him. 
General Deshler’s brigade not having advanced, I called on Major-General 
Cleburne, who was near my right and rear, for assistance; but he having 
none at his disposal which could be spared, I was compelled to retire that 
wing of my brigade or sacrifice it in uselessly fighting thrice its numbers, 
with the advantage of the hill and breastworks against it. I did so in good 
order and without indecent haste, and aligned it first in front and then 
placed it in rear of our flimsy defenses. — Bate. 

About ii o’clock, General Brown being in front and General Bate on my 
right, the whole division advanced under a most terrible fire of grape and 
canister from the enemy’s artillery, before which several most gallant offi- 
cers fell bravely leading their men, among whom I cannot forbear to mention 
the name of the chivalrous and accomplished Lieut. Col. R. F. Inge, of the 
Eighteenth Alabama Regiment. Notwithstanding this, the brigade pressed 
forward through a narrow corn-field to the first pieces of artillery by the 
roadside, when two other batteries, one in front and one upon the right, 
assisted by small-arms, began a most murderous fire, before which all were 
compelled to retire. I was myself struck by a grape shot and compelled to 
dismount for a short time. The Thirty-eighth Alabama Regiment, scarcely 
breaking its line, fell back only a short, distance. The other regiments 
promptly reformed near the position originally occupied by them, and moved 
forward to rejoin it. — Clayton. 

Iii front of our breastworks of logs, we had a line of 
pickets, and these were the troops referred to in the above re- 
ports as being driven across the road. Twice these Brigades 



164 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

formed and advanced after they were driven back; but the 
fierce leaden rain was too terrible for them to withstand. 

Who could say there was no hard pressure upon the brave 
troops that resisted the onslaught of the Confederates, of whose 
daring, recklessness and loss of life, these above official re- 
ports give an account? “Meantime, Cleburne and Walker 
were assaulting Baird and Johnson in front. The Con- 
federate attack swept furiously down Thomas’ line. Frank 
Cheatham with his Tennessee soldiers, lead by Maney, Pres- 
ton Smith, Marcus J. Wright, and Strahl, charged desper- 
ately, but could not withstand the storm of fire concentrated 
upon them. Liddell, with Walthall and Govan, taking up the 
attack in succession, five times charged the Union lines, but 
all in vain. Hindman’s Mississippi and Alabama troops 
shared the same fate. Bate, Brown and Clayton of Stew- 
art’s Division assaulted and reassaulted with great impetu- 
osity, but were beaten back. Brown and Clayton were 
wounded. All recoiled from the unrelenting line of fire. It 
was the same story of assault and repulse, with fearful losses 
in the Confederate ranks. When the storm lulled, and the 
smoke cleared away — the Union lines well-posted and partly 
protected — Baird, Johnson, Palmer, Reynolds, Brannan were 
still there.” (Thruston). After this attack, Stewart’s Divi- 
sion was not able for scarcely any more duty in the battle. 
His Brigades got all they wanted. Although Reynolds and 
Brannan held their ground unassisted by any reinforcements, 
yet Stewart’s attack upon them made it only possible for the 
Confederates to succeed in producing the rout on the right of 
our line. Lieutenant-General Daniel H. Hill, the commander 
of a Corps in Polk’s wing, said: “At eleven a. m. Stewart’s 
Division advanced under an immediate order from Bragg. 
His three Brigades under Browm, Clayton and Bate advanced, 
with Wood of Cleburne’s Division. This was the celebrated 
attack upon Reynolds and Brannan, which led directly to 
the Federal disaster.” (Century Mag., April, 1887). Stewart 
made the attack witli four Brigades. He was confronted by 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 165 

four Brigades — Reynolds’ two and two of Brannan’s — one of 
Brannan’s Brigades being in reserve. Nearly one-third of 
our Division was also in reserve. Stew r art was successfully 
repulsed all along our line without the aid of our reserve. 
Our Regiment knelt down behind the logs, and held fire 
until Stewart’s column was within fifty yards of our line, 
when we poured into it volume after volume of a murderous 
fire, which, together with the grape and canister from our 
Battery, cut wide gaps into the ranks. 

Several men of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment were 
killed and wounded while resisting this fierce charge; among 
them were William Mathes and John W. Nelson of G Com- 
pany, who were shot through the head and instantly killed; 
and Elijah Moore of I Company, who was mortally wounded. 
These men served faithfully in their respective Companies, 
and fell at last as pure patriots as any men in the Regiment. 
They might have done duty where dangers were less great, 
but they refused every position removed from peril. 

Elijah Moore’s movements and general appearance were 
not indicative of the soldier, for he was crooked, awkward 
and slow. I11 ante helium days he was a brawny-armed 
woodchopper; but when the tocsin of war resounded in his 
ears, he laid down his axe for the musket, and a braver and 
more courageous soldier never lived. Besides the regular 
drill, the Sergeants and Corporals of his Company, during 
the early part of our service, exercised him in the “Manual 
of Arms” for half an hour every day. Elijah bore this pro- 
cedure with heroic fortitude for several months; but after all 
attempts to learn proved fruitless, he appealed to the Captain 
to be released, to whom he said: “Captain, I wish you 

would excuse me from drill; I can’t learn — its all foolishness 
anyhow. I enlisted to fight.” At this battle, in which he 
fell mortally wounded, Elijah proved the truth of his asser- 
tion that “fight” was the object for which he enlisted. 

Elijah was as “raw” after months of experience of army 
life, as he was on the day of his enrollment. Time and ex- 



1 66 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

perience never'changed him. In drill, he could neither learn 
the “Manual of Arms” nor the “step.” He could never 
tell the difference between a “right shoulder shift ” and an 
“order arms.” On dress parade, when other guns had 
moved, as if by one pair of hands, and his comrades were 
ready for another command to be given, his gun was just 
seen moving into position. He would not fire his gun in 
battle, until he had picked his man. He always loaded down 
his pockets with cartridges, because he could not get them 
out of his cartridge-box. He loaded his gun in battle with 
the coolness and style of a squirrel-hunter, and in taking aim 
always raised his piece to his left shoulder. If the other boys 
had been as slow reloading as he, Stewart’s column would 
have undoubtedly swept over the barricades. Whilst the 
firing was terrific, and the horror of the deadly strife was ap- 
palling, the yells of the advancing Georgians, Tennesseeans 
and Alabamians were heard amidst the noise of belching ar- 
tillery, and the thick curtains of smoke enveloped the field 
of contest, Elijah, having discharged his Springfield rifle 
turned around and said to the writer: “ Sergeant, just hold 
my gun!” Apparently unconscious of the awful situation, 
and as if he were about retiring for the night in his peaceful 
home in Indiana, he deliberately sat down on the logs that 
were piled up for breastworks, and with his back to the ad- 
vancing enemy, coolly pulled off his boot and shook out a 
bullet that had lodged therein. He died from the effect of 
the wound which that bullet made, November 24th, 1863. 

To illustrate the esprit de corps of the Western soldier, 
the writer may be pardoned for giving a pen-picture of a 
soldier of our Brigade at the time of Stewart’s charge. When 
the dense fog, which had overshadowed the field of carnage, 
disappeared, and the Confederate Brigade in our immediate 
front was busily preparing for the advance against our Brig- 
ade, which was just as busily engaged in piling up logs for a 
cover in resisting the charge — far out in Poe’s field, which 
lay between us, suddenly, as if he had risen out of the ground,. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 167 

appeared a Yankee soldier, standing in plain view of both 
armies. Who he was — where he belonged, other than to our 
Brigade — we to this dav do not know. How he came to be 
in that perilous situation, we cannot explain, except that in 
the withdrawal of the pickets in our front during the morn- 
ing, this one had been overlooked, and had fallen asleep, and 
the commotion in the Confederate camp, preparatory to the 
assault, had awakened him. The Confederates were now ready 
to begin the advance. We heard the words from the mouth 
of the commanding officer, clear and distinct, for the column 
to move forward: “Forward, guide centre — march!” 

We were now curious to see what this Union picket would 
do in an open field, between the lines and in front of an as- 
saulting column of a desperate enemy. He took in the situ- 
ation at a glance. He was equal to the emergency of the 
hour. For a few moments he stood there, facing the ad- 
vancing foe as defiantly as Goliath of Gath, when he defied 
the armies of Israel. Presently we saw him raise his gun to 
his shoulder; we saw the white puff of smoke, and then heard 
the report. He had shot in the direction of the approaching 
enemy — indicating thereby the warm reception his Brigade 
would give them. His clear, shrill voice was next heard, 
ringing out upon the deathlike stillness which immediately 
precedes the storm of battle: “Come on, Old Guide-Centre, 
we’ll give you h — 1 !” He now took to his heels, and joined 
his command, to be prepared with the rest of us to give 
“Old Guide-Centre” and his daring column just what he 
said we would. 

The fierceness of the savage assault of the five Confederate 
Divisions of Hill’s, Walker’s and Buckner’s Corps along the 
line of our left wing, which remained unbroken, and the per- 
fect silence along the front of our entire right wing up to 11 
a. m., induced Rosecrans to believe Bragg was concentrating 
all his forces in front of our left wing in order to turn it. 
Hence Rosecrans withdrew his right for the support of his 
left, and issued the following order to Gen. McCook, the 



1 68 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

commander of the right wing, at io a. m., through his Chief- 
of-Staff, Gen. Garfield: 

Headquarters Department oe the Cumbereand, 
September 20, 1863, 10:10 a. m. 

Major-Generae McCook, Commanding Twentieth Army Corps : 

General Thomas is being heavily pressed on the left. The general com- 
manding directs you to make immediate disposition to withdraw the right, 
so as to spare as much force as possible to re-enforce Thomas. The left 
must be held at all hazards — even if the right is drawn wholly back to the 
present left. Select a good position back this way, and be ready to start 
re enforcements to Thomas at a moment’s warning. 

J. A. G[ARFIELD]. 

That now famous order of General Rosecrans to General 
Wood, by which the latter, through a misconception of the 
purpose of the order, withdrew his Division out of line and 
moved it in the rear of Reynolds, was issued because of the 
vigorous pressure which part of Cleburne’s Division — Wood’s 
Confederate Brigade, supported by Stewart — was making 
upon Reynolds. The following is the order, dated 10:45 
a. m. : 

Headquarters, September 20, 10:45 A - M - 
Brigadier-Generae Wood, Commanding Division : 

The general commanding directs that you close up on Reynolds as fast as 
possible and support him. 

Respectfully, FRANK S. BOND, 

Major , and Aide-de-Camp. 

Now it unfortunately happened that McCook began to 
withdraw his wing, and Wood began to move his Division 
out of line, thereby leaving a gap, and march it in the rear 
of Reynolds, simultaneous with the advance of Longstreet’s 
wing of the Confederates. Hence when Longstreet moved 
forward his other Divisions — those to the left of Stewart — the 
gap had already been formed by the removal of Wood’s Divi- 
sion, which was sent to the support of Reynolds. Into this 
gap a column of eight Brigades, Bushrod Johnson’s, McNair’s, 
Gregg’s, Kershaw’s, Law’s, Humphrey’s, Benning’s and 
Robertson’s, under the personal command of Hood, entered. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 169 

For a long time Longstreet had matters all his own way. 
Many brave and skillful Federal commanders were in his 
front, but their men were in motion, by columns of four, 
marching to the left. The Divisions of Davis and Sheridan 
and others were caught in flank, and swept off the field. 

The confusion and distress of this rout beggar all descrip- 
tion. There were the hurry and tumult of artillery trains, 
wagons and ambulances rushing to the rear with a sort of 
orderly confusion, as distressing as panic itself. The Con- 
federates shouting, yelling, running over batteries, wagons 
and ambulances, rushed on, capturing thousands of prisoners, 
and killing officers and men, among whom was the hero 
poet, Brig. -Gen. William H. Lytle, the commander of the 
First Brigade of Sheridan’s Division. 

An amusing circumstance — like a silver rift in a storm 
cloud — happened during this rout, which came under the 
writer’s own personal observation, as well as others of the 
Regiment. Three pairs of artillery horses were attached to 
an empty caisson, and the single driver of the rear span sat 
in his saddle, whilst the drivers of the other two front pairs 
of horses were shot, and the four riderless horses in his front 
were unmanageable. I11 this situation, he was moving to the 
rear, through the woods, with all the speed of his horses, 
leaping over logs, and the wheels of the caisson were dash- 
ing first against the side of one tree and then rebounding 
against another. As this fellow swept by us like the wind, 
in his mad dash to the rear, he cried out merrily: “Say, 
boys, don’t you wish you were in my fix?” As frightful as 
his situation looked, yet, at that time and place, and under 
the circumstances, some of us, doubtless, did wish we were 
in his “fix.” One of the wheels of this caisson, in passing, 
ran over two men of the Seventy-fifth Regiment — Lewis 
Harrold of F Company and William Evans of I Company — 
knocked them both down and injured them more or less. 
After Evans had partially recovered himself and had arisen, 
he looked wistfully in the direction of the fleeing horses and 



12 



170 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

their single rider, who were half a mile away to the rear 
by this time, and said: “You better run over a fellow!” 
Doubtless this was a part of that Battery which stampeded 
and ran over Beatty’s Brigade, and injured many of his men. 

When the crash of the right wing came, the two Brigades 
of Brannan — Connell’s and Croxton’s — on the immediate 
right of our Regiment, being greatly pressed about 12 m. in 
their front, and subjected also to an enfilade fire from the 
right flank, were thrown into confusion. The One-hundred 
and fifth Ohio Regiment of our Brigade, up to this time lying 
in reserve, was now called forward and ordered to make a 
bayonet charge upon the advancing enemy in Brannan’s 
front. The execution of this gallant charge, under the com- 
mand of Major George T. Perkins, was most opportune. It 
checked the Confederates long enough for Brannan to succeed 
in rallying remnants of his own broken Brigades and parts of 
other commands, with which he held the enemy for a consid- 
erable time. However, when the enemy returned with a 
greater force, Brannan was compelled to swing his right 
around. This movement of Brannan exposed the left flank 
of Major Perkins’ Regiment, and he was compelled to with- 
draw and return to the Brigade. Brannan’s Division, with 
parts of Wood’s, Negley’s and Palmer’s, took position on 
Snodgrass Hill. 

In the charge by the One-hundred and fifth Ohio, which 
covered the Regiment and its commander all over with glory, 
the brave Perkins was severely wounded in the left thigh by 
a minie ball, and carried from the field. The wound disabled 
him for nearly four months from the performance of his 
duties. The Regiment captured twenty six prisoners in the 
charge, and conveyed them from the field, among whom was 
Brigadier-General Adams, of Breckinridge’s Division. It is 
claimed that the Nineteenth Illinois Regiment had previously 
captured General Adams, but it is nevertheless a fact that the 
One-hundred and fifth Ohio came across him in this charge, 
and brought him badly wounded from the field. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 17 1 

In his “Ohio in the War,” the Hon. Whitelaw Reid 
writes of the One-hundred and fifth Ohio Regiment in this 
charge thus: 

“The troops of Brannan’s Division were flanked and fell back in confu- 
sion. General Reynolds, seeing that his flank would soon be exposed, and 
wholly unprotected, ordered Major Perkins to change front with his Regi- 
ment and charge the rebels on the flank as they advanced. The Regiment 
was at this time in the second line of battle and lying down. At the w 7 ord 
of command the Regiment sprang to its feet, executed the change of front 
with as much precision as though on a parade, and started forward with 
deafening yells, on the double quick, to what seemed certain destruction. 
The suddenness of the movement, the thick-growing underbrush, wdiich 
prevented the enemy from seeing the comparatively few numbers advancing 
against them, the unevenness of the ground, which compelled the men to 
extend their front, all operated favorably. The desired object was produced, 
and the first line of the enemy was thrown back upon the second, upon 
reaching which the Regiment halted and opened fire in gallant style, keep- 
ing it up for several minutes. Major Perkins soon discovered that his left 
flank was exposed, and he was compelled to withdraw by the right flank in 
haste. However, the onset of the enemy was checked, and time given to 
General Reynolds to make such disposition as secured his right flank and 
prevented further disaster to the army. This prompt movement of the One 
hundred and fifth was highly commended by General Reynolds at the time, 
and afterwards by General Rosecrans.” 

At i p. m., all our forces had disappeared from the right 
of our Brigade, leaving thereby the right of our Regiment in 
air. The firing in our front had ceased. The Confederates 
soon made their appearance in the road, and, passing around 
our right flank, took position on the right and rear of our 
Brigade. Here they planted a Battery, which played merci- 
lessly upon us from the rear. We therefore changed our 
position, so as to face this formidable foe in our rear. Our 
Brigade was formed in echelon on the east side of the Chatta- 
nooga road to the right and rear of Turchin’s. General 
Reynolds directed that a line of skirmishers be sent out to 
develop the strength of this rear enemy. This skirmish line 
consisted of Companies D and I of the Seventy-fifth Regi- 
ment under command of Captain Floyd. The Companies 
deployed rapidly, but moved cautiously through the thick 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

undergrowth in the. woods, which concealed the enemy from 
view, until a large force was discovered lying down in line of 
hattle. From this force the skirmishers received a murder- 
ous volley. The strength of the enemy in the rear being as- 
certained, and our mission ended, we fell back to the Regi- 
ment.* But we left in that woods several of our skirmishers. 
Corporal Joseph Criswell, and Byron Kurtz of I Company 
were severely wounded here. Randolph Blessing and Abra- 
ham Passwater of I Company and several others of D‘ Com- 
pany were here slightly wounded. Blessing was wounded in 
the left arm and foot, and Passwater in the left thigh and 
right hand. Though their wounds were quite painful, they 
both were able to remain with the Company. In this affair, 
the writer came near being killed or wounded. Three minie 
balls passed through his uniform, one of which grazed his 
arm, producing a discoloration without an abrasion of the 
skin. 

Corporal Criswell was shot by a bullet, which shattered his 
knee. When the two Companies slowly moved back and 
joined the Regiment at the position they left it, he was left 
lying upon the field in the hands of the enemy. Shortly 
after he fell, a shell burst over his prostrate body, and some 
of the fragments deeply imbedded themselves in his groin and 
breast. Either from carelessness or inhumanity, the C011- 

* The writer has recently been over the battlefield, and the note herewith 
appended gives the exact time and place of this skirmish line : 

The Regiment, on leaving its position near the southwest corner of Poe’s 
field, where it had been fighting all morning, moved a few hundred yards to 
the left along the west side of the Chattanooga road. This movement oc- 
curred about i p. m. It was now near the southwest corner of Kelley’s field 
on the west side of the Chattanooga road. Here the Regiment faced west. 
It was from this point and position, that Companies D and I were deployed 
as skirmishers. They advanced on the west side of the road through the 
woods in the direction of the Snodgrass farm. After the companies had 
been recalled, the Regiment moved to the east side of the road, to a position 
on the south side of Kelley’s field, where the other Regiments and Battery 
of the Brigade were. We were placed here in the second line facing south, 
with our right resting on the Chattanooga road. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 173 

federates allowed him to lie where he fell, a period of seven 
days, before receiving attention of any kind, with three 
bleeding wounds upon his person. His wounds were consid- 
ered fatal by the enemy, and he was at once exchanged. 
Our surgeons in the hospital at Chattanooga wanted to am- 
putate his leg, but he would not give his consent. His was 
the severest wound of any man in the Regiment, which did 
not prove fatal. Years after the war had closed, Corporal 
Criswell was accustomed to exhibit pieces of that shell, 
which, after having remained a decade of years in his groin 
and breast, worked their way out. 

Byron Kurtz was wounded in the leg and made a prisoner. 
He passed through all the horrors of prison life at Richmond, 
Salisbury and Andersonville, until the end of the war, when 
he was set free. He found his way to the Regiment at 
Washington, and was there discharged with the Company. 

By reason of the breach in the right wing of our Army, the 
Confederates at 2 p. m. were formed on three sides of our Di- 
vision — were in line of battle in shape of a horseshoe around 
us. We now called our position “the bull-pen.” We had 
shot away all our ammunition except that which we had 
gathered from the cartridge-boxes of the dead. As the en- 
emy had gotten between us and our ammunition train, it was 
ordered to Chattanooga, to prevent capture. We remained 
here in “ the bull-pen” for a considerable time, not knowing 
whether we would go to Chattanooga or to Richmond. 

Between 1 p. m. and 5 p. m. there was a lull all along the 
front of our left wing — from Baird to Reynolds — except the 
desultory firing of the Confederate sharpshooters, who were 
busy plying their trade of shooting our field officers. It 
was during this lull in the battle on our front, about 4 p. m,, 
whilst our Division was in the “bull-pen,” that the dashing, 
chivalrous commander of our Brigade, Colonel Edward A. 
King, lost his life. He was instantly killed in the rear of 
our Regiment by a minie ball crashing through his brain 
from the gun of a Confederate sharpshooter. His aide-de- 



174 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

camp, Captain Sanford Fortner, and an aide-de-camp of 
General Thomas, Captain S. C. Kellogg, were with him at 
the time — Captain Kellogg informed the writer that he was 
in conversation with the Colonel when the missile passed 
through his head.* 

Colonel Edward A. King was born in Cambridge, Wash- 
ington county, New York. In early life he emigrated to 
Ohio with his father, and at the proper time studied law at 
Columbus and Cincinnati. His tastes, however, were for the 
military rather than the legal profession. During the 
struggle of Texas for independence, he raised a Company at 
New Orleans, La., and with it he served in Texas until her 
independence was declared. During the Mexican war he 
was a Captain in the Fifteenth U. S. Infantry. After the 
treaty of peace with Mexico, he was made the postmaster at 
Dayton, Ohio, in which capacity he served for many years. 
When Governor Dennison of Ohio called for loyal men, on 
April 17th, i86r, to suppress the rebellion, Postmaster King 
responded, and he was at once placed in command of Camp 
Jackson at Columbus. Afterwards he was transferred to 
Camp Chase, when, without solicitation on his part, he was 
commissioned by President Lincoln a Lieutenant-Colonel in 
the Nineteenth U. S. Infantry. He was then transferred to 
Indianapolis, Indiana, where he was superintending the or- 
ganization of new troops for the front. While thus employed, 
in the summer of 1862, General F. Kirby Smith invaded 
Kentucky with a large force of Confederates, and at the re- 
quest of Governor Morton, Lieutenant-Colonel King assumed 
command of the Sixty-eighth Indiana Regiment, and led it 
into Kentucky. With his Regiment he was captured at 
Munfordsville. After parole and exchange, his Regiment 

* Oil a visit to the battlefield, Sept. 16th, 1892, Capt. S. C. Kellogg, U. S. 
A., Capt. R. b. Leeson, Co. C, 68th Indiana, William Squires, Co. A, 75th 
Indiana, the writer of this history, arid some others, marked the spot where 
Colonel Kirig fell. It was on the south side of Kelley’s field, at the edge of 
the woods, between Kelley’s and Poe’s, near the east side of the Chattanooga 
road. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 175 

was assigned to our Brigade; but the Colonel’s health was 
seriously impaired, and he was forced to remain away for a 
time from his Regiment. When his health was partly re- 
stored, he took the field again, and came to his Regiment 
while we were encamped at University Place, and by seniority 
was made the commander of our Brigade in place of Colonel 
Robinson of our Regiment. 

King was an officer of great daring and merit. Accom- 
plished, gentle, generous and brave, he was regarded with 
high esteem by all who knew 
him. The writer has in his 
mind’s eye now how he 
looked, with his long, black, 
flowing beard sweeping his 
breast, as he slowly moved 
along the battle line of the 
Seventy-fifth Regiment at 
Chickamauga during the suc- 
cession of charges by the 
Confederates under Wood, 

Bate, Brown and Clayton, of 
Stewart’s column, encourag- 
ing the men, and peering 
through his field-glass at those 
heavy lines of gray ebbing 
and flowing in our front like 
the ocean’s tide. 

Colonel King’s body was 
strapped to the top of a caisson, and thus brought off the field 
in the rear of our Brigade while charging out of the “bull 
pen” to open the road to Rossville. It was buried at Ross- 
ville, and after the battle of Missionary Ridge it was exhumed 
and taken to Dayton, Ohio, and interred there finally in the 
Woodland cemetery with military honors. The funeral was 
said to be the largest ever witnessed in the city of Dayton. 

Mrs. General Thomas J. Wood was the Colonel’s niece, and 




COEONEE EDWARD A. KING, 
Commanding the Brigade, killed at Chicka- 
mauga, Sept. 20th, 1863. 



176 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

in a letter to her from Chattanooga, dated September 23d, 
1863, the third day after his death, the General thus gives the 
particulars: 

“It is with great grief I have to give you the sad intelligence of the death 
of your uncle Edward. He was killed in the great battle of Sunday.. I met 
General J. J. Reynolds on Monday, and learned from him the circumstances 
of his death. At the time he was killed there was a perfect cessation in the 
fighting. Your uncle walked to the front to look out for movements of the 
enemy, when he was shot by a sharpshooter. The ball struck him just 
above the right eye, passed through his brain, and, of course, killed him 
instantly. General Reynolds had his body brought away in the retreat Sun- 
day night, and buried at Rossville, six miles from Chattanooga. The Gen- 
eral told me that he had the grave distinctly marked, so that when there 
is an opportunity the body can be removed.” 

When Colonel King was killed, Colonel Milton S. Robin- 
son of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment succeeded to the 
command of the Brigade, which he very skillfully and bravely 
led in the performance of the last tragic act in the great 
drama of the battle — the charge of Reynolds’ Division in the 
rear of the left wing, to open the road for the movement of the 
army to Rossville, and thence to Chattanooga. Captain 
Samuel Steele of A Company assumed command of our 
Regiment. Both Lieut. Col. O’Brien and Major McCole 
were absent, the former wounded in the battle, and the latter 
sick and at home. 

Late in the afternoon of this day’s battle, our Field Hos- 
pitals, on our right and left, located at Crawfish Springs and 
at Cloud’s house, fell into the hands of the enemy under 
Wheeler and Forrest. While performing his mission of 
mercy, as a musician in battle, Albert B. Beneway (Al. Wal- 
ton) — the heroic drummer boy of C Company — was made a 
prisoner, together with some of the badly wounded of the 
Regiment, whom he had helped to remove to the Field Hos- 
pital at Cloud’s. The big, burly cavalryman, who took 
hold of little “Al.,” who had smashed his drum against a 
tree before his eyes, observing his youthful appearance, 
tauntingly said in a rough voice: “You ought to be at home 



oj Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



1 77 



instead of here, nursing on your mother’s breast!” “Al.” 
was a prisoner of war for a long period of fourteen months in 
the celebrated Confederate prisons at Richmond and Dan- 
ville in Virginia, at Andersonville in Georgia, and at 
Charleston and Florence in South Carolina. On November 
30th, 1864, he was paroled at the last-mentioned prison, and 
was sent through the Confederate lines into ours at Port 
Royal. While in Camp Chase, at Columbus, Ohio, March 
27th, 1865, he was exchanged and returned to the Regiment, 
while we were at Holly Springs, N. C. 

When Al. helped James E. Kidden, of C Company, from 
the field of Chickamauga, wounded, the whole right side of 
the little drummer’s blouse became saturated with Kidden’s 
warm blood, whose left arm was nearly torn from its socket 
at the shoulder. That side of the blouse, where Kidden’s 
blood had dried on it, was as stiff as a board ; and not being 
able to wash it out, Al. wore the blouse in that condition 
during his long imprisonment. 

Although the right wing of our army had been routed and 
scattered, the left was yet in position and confronted by the 
enemy, who had also sent a force of Infantry — Riddell’s 
Division — around the left flank of our left, as far as the 
Chattanooga road. This daring force was moving down the 
road in the rear of our left wing. This left no outlet to us 
from the “bull pen.” To hold this road, upon which Rid- 
dell was moving, was the only way by which our army could 
get to Chattanooga. To lose possession of this road now, 
after fighting desperately for two days to hold it, would be a 
national calamity. Therefore the road must be held at all 
hazards, and kept open by clearing it of these Confederates, 
so that our depleted and decimated army could withdraw 
from the field to Chattanooga. This very important and 
responsible duty was delegated to Reynolds’ Division. Gen- 
eral Thomas, in person, directed General Reynolds to deploy 
his Division for the assault upon Riddell. Just as the sun 
was sinking behind the hills of Mission Ridge, the signal 



178 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

came, and the two Brigades of our Division, led by General 
Reynolds in person, who w T as seen everywhere rallying and 
encouraging his men, leaped to their feet like magic, changed 
front, and charged the advancing column of Riddell. It was 
one of the most magnificent assaults of the war. The 
Division moved to the assault with the accuracy and precision 
of an evening’s dress parade. Our ranks were well closed, 
our steps elastic, and our faces were lit up with the hope of 
success, whilst shot and shell ploughed the ground around 
us. The attack was eminently successful. The Confederates 
were driven away and captured, and the road was opened for 
the withdrawal of the army. Several hundred Confederates 
were taken prisoners, among whom were Colonel Scales and 
Captain Gibbs, of the Thirtieth Mississippi Regiment, and 
Lieutenant McDonald, of Swett’s Mississippi Battery. This 
charge of Reynolds’ Division was successfully and satisfac- 
torily made in two lines by Brigades with Turchin’s in the 
first line and ours (King’s) under Colonel Robinson in the 
second line. When the prisoners were all taken and the 
balance of the Confederates was swept out of the road by the 
two Brigades, General Thomas personally directed Colonel 
Robinson to move our Brigade on the road leading to McFar- 
land’s Gap via Mullis’, so as to protect this road, and to form 
line of battle on the elevated ground near the juncture of the 
roads at Brock’s house, facing the battle-field, with D. Mc- 
Cook’s Brigade of the Reserve Corps on our left and Willich’s 
Brigade of Johnson’s Division on our right. Turchin’s 
Brigade, in the meantime, advanced beyond the cross-roads 
at McDannel’s house, and took position in the rear of D. 
McCook’s Brigade on our left. Our army, which had not 
been previously driven from the field, then withdrew via 
McFarland’s Gap to Rossville. 

The results of this charge were so satisfactory to the com- 
mander of the Federal forces, General Rosecrans, that he 
complimented the Division in his official report in these con- 
cise words : 



1 79 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

To save time, the troops of Reynolds were faced by the rear rank and 
moved with the bayonet at a double-quick, with a shout walked over the 
rebels, capturing some 500. This closed the battle of the 20th. At nightfall 
the enemy had been repulsed along the whole line, and sunk into quietude 
without attempting to renew the combat. 

The respective official reports, concerning this charge of 
both the Corps and Division commanders, are herewith sub- 
mitted : 

In passing through an open woods bordering the State road, and between 
my last and Reynolds’ position, I was cautioned by a couple of soldiers, who 
had been to hunt water, that there was a large force of the rebels in these 
woods, drawn up in line and advancing toward me. Just at this time I saw 
the head of Reynolds’ column approaching, and calling to the general him- 
self, directed him to form line perpendicular to the State road, changing the 
head of his column to the left, with his right resting on that road, and to 
charge the enemy, who were then in his immediate front. This movement 
was made with the utmost promptitude, and facing to the right while on the 
march, Turchin threw his brigade upon the rebel force, routing them and 
driving them in utter confusion entirely beyond Baird’s left. In this splen- 
did advance more than 200 prisoners were captured and sent to the rear. 

Colonel Robinson, commanding the Second Brigade, Reynolds’ division, 
followed closely upon Turchin, and I posted him on the road leading 
through the ridge, to hold the ground while the troops on our right and left 
passed by. In a few moments General Willich, commanding a brigade of 
Johnson’s division, reported to me that his brigade was in position on a 
commanding piece of ground to the right of the Ridge road. I directed him 
to report to General Reynolds, and assist in covering the retirement of the 
troops. Turchin’s brigade, after driving the enemy a mile and a half, was re- 
assembled, and took its position on the Ridge road, with Robinson and Willich. 

These dispositions being made, I sent orders to Generals Wood, Brannan, 
and Granger to withdraw from their positions. Johnson’s and Baird’s divis- 
ions were attacked at the moment of retiring, but, by being prepared, retired 
without confusion or any serious losses. General Palmer was also attacked 
while retiring. Grose’s brigade was thrown into some confusion, but Cruft’s 
brigade came off in good style, both, however, with little loss. — Thomas. 

We remained in this position for some time, when orders were received 
from the corps commander to prepare to change our position, and the divis- 
ion in a short time received orders to initiate a movement toward Rossville. 
This was done with the brigades still formed in two lines and moving by 
flank in parallel columns, thus ready at a moment’s notice to face with 
double line in either of the directions in which firing had lately been heard. 

Arriving at the Rossville road, the command was met by the corps com- 
mander in person, and I was directed to form line perpendicular to the 



i8o 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Rossville road. This done, General Thomas pointed in the direction of Ross- 
ville and said, “There they are; clear them out.” 

The division was faced about and a charge ordered and executed in two 
lines at double-quick, through the rebel lines, dispersing them and capturing 
more than 200 prisoners under a fire of infantry in front and artillery in flank. 

I understood that this movement was intended to open the way to Ross- 
ville for the army, and did not then know of any other road to that point. 
I, therefore, pressed right on in the charge, expecting the whole division to 
do the same until the rebel lines and batteries were cleared and the road 
opened, and found myself with only about 150 of the Third Brigade, under 
Colonel Lane, Eleventh Ohio, near the field hospital of the Fourteenth Corps. 

The remainder of the division proceeded to the high ground on the left by 
order of General Thomas. The Third Brigade was reformed by Brigadier- 
General Turchin, who had his horse shot under him in the charge. The 
Second Brigade was reformed by Col. M. S. Robinson, who succeeded to the 
command of that brigade after the death of Col. E- A. King. The advanced 
party rejoined the division on the ridge to the west of the road, and the 
whole division marched to Rossville by the Valley road. — Reynolds. 

Brig. -Gen. Liddell commanding the Confederate forces, and 
Lieutenant Shannon commanding the Confederate Battery 
(Swett’s) in resisting the charge, say in. their reports: 

The enemy soon after this apparently left his works and pressed upon the 
rear of my left flank, while his batteries enfiladed me. Soon afterward a 
cloud of skirmishers suddenly emerged from the woods, encircling my front 
and right wing. From this combination of attacks my command was forced 
to withdraw to avoid being captured. A part of my skirmishers were, 
nevertheless, captured, together with Colonel Scales, Thirtieth Mississippi 
Regiment, Walthall’s brigade. The Federals had left their works at this 
time in retreat from the field, and our whole line was moving upon them. 
After reforming my command I moved it to the position on the Chattanooga 
road near McDannel’s house, where it bivouacked on the ground it was 
ordered to hold. 

At 10 o’clock Sunday night my scouts reported that the enemy had en- 
tirely withdrawn from the field and disappeared toward Lookout Mountain. 
— Liddell. 

I engaged the battery northwest of us, disabling at least two of its guns 
(which fact was ascertained the following morning), when it was ascertained 
that a line of Federal infantry, which was plainly in view, was moving at a 
double-quick on the left flank of the brigade, which, together with the fire 
of the five batteries mentioned, made the position untenable for either in- 
fantry or artillery. The infantry being thus compelled to give way, I was 
ordered to retire with the battery, which was done as expeditiously as pos- 
sible, but on reaching the foot of the hill east of McDannel’s house, a line 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



181 



of Federal skirmishers being within 30 yards of us, killed the off wheel- 
horse in the leading gun, thereby causing the piece to upset and breaking 
the pole. The rest of the battery passed the disabled piece before the enemy 
had time to reload. They, however, closed upon the disabled gun quickly, 
capturing Lieut. \V. P. McDonald and several wounded men; also the gun- 
ner of the piece (Corpl. Joseph Ashton). I immediately called upon the in- 
fantry, which call was responded to by Capt. T. J. Fletcher, of the Thir- 
teenth Arkansas Regiment, who promptly seized the nearest stand of colors, 
and rallying a few men, 
gallantly charged the en- 
emy, driving them before 
him, securing the piece 
and also one lost by Cap- 
tain Fowler near the same 
spot, and recapturing our 
wounded. I had not only 
my own gun, but Captain 
Fowler’s, promptly re- 
moved to the rear. The 
moment Captain Fletcher 
attracted the attention of 
the enemy, Corpl. Joseph 
Ashton gallantly fled 
from his captors and re- 
joined his command in 
time to render efficient 
aid in removing the guns. 

— Shannon. 

It was in this 
charge, about 6 p. 
m., that Captain 
William McGinness 
of H Company was 

wounded in the ricrht Co ' H ’ woun< ^ e< * and taken prisoner at Chickamauga, 
& Sept. 20th, 1863, and died in prison Aug. 31st, 1864. 

leg by the fragment 

of a shell, and taken prisoner, and Corporal Peter Mulrine of 
the same Company was killed. 

The piece of shell which wounded Captain McGinness, 
tore an ugly hole in his knee and injured the ligaments of 
his leg behind the knee. He was left on the field and cap- 
tured, taken to Libby prison at Richmond, Va., from thence 
to Andersonville, and finally to Savannah, Ga. , where, under 




i 82 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



the effects of his wound, and the treatment he received as a 
prisoner, he died August 31st, 1864. The brave and good 
Captain McGinness now peacefully sleeps in the beautiful 
cemetery at Savannah, Ga., near the broad Atlantic, whose 
wild majestic waves sing his requiem, as they beat up against 
the sandy shore. He was cheerful and gallant, and his death 
was sincerely and deeply deplored by all the members of the 
Regiment. A braver soldier never buckled on a sword nor 

handled a musket. Three of 
his sons were in the war for 
the Union — two of them be- 
longing to the Forty-fourth 
and the other to the One- 
hundred and thirty-seventh 
Indiana Regiments. To per- 
petuate the memory of Cap- 
tain McGinness, the G. A. 
R. Post of Roanoke, Hun- 
tington county, Indiana, has 
assumed his name. 

Peter Mulrine, who was 
one of the original Corporals 
of H Company, had his leg 
shot off by a cannon ball in 
the charge above referred to. 
It was shortly after his Cap- 
tain fell. He lived only a few hours after he was shot, and his 
death occurred under the following sad circumstances: As 
soon as Captain McGinness fell, Lieutenant Wilkerson of H 
Company called for a volunteer to go to his assistance. The 
Regiment was in the midst of a charge, and there was no 
time for delay. In response to the call, a lad of twenty, fair 
and effeminate in manners, with the most beautiful eyes, 
gray, large and dreaming, stepped out of ranks. It was the 
brave Corporal Peter Mulrine. The following graphic de- 
scription of his affecting death is from the pen of Captain 




corporal peter mulrine, 

Co. H 3 killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 20th, 1863. 



of Indiana Infaiitry Volunteers . 183 

McGinness, in a letter to his wife, while a prisoner of war. 
Through the kindness of Mrs. McGinness, the writer is able 
to insert this part of the letter in this history. The Captain 
says: “I saw Mulnne coining; I motioned with my hand, and 
shouted for him to go back, but he paid no attention. He 
caught me under the arms, and was walking backward, 
dragging me on the ground, trying to reach a partly ex- 
cavated ditch, when a cannon-ball struck Mulrine on the 
knee — the force of the ball throwing both of us quite a dis- 
tance. The next that I knew, Mulrine was sitting on the 
ground holding the stump of his leg, and the blood jetting 
out two or three feet. Mulrine said: ‘Captain, I must die. ’ I 
said: ‘Peter, lam afraid you will.’ I suppose I then fainted. 
The next I knew, Mulrine was dead, lying across my body.” 

Of Corporal Mulrine it may be truthfully said, that he 
never shirked any responsible duty, nor faltered in the hour 
of danger. No purer type of young American manhood — no 
more patriotic heart ever beat beneath a blue uniform — ever 
was sacrificed in the service of our country. 

Sergeant Jeremiah Lynch of D Company was wounded on 
this charge. A cannon-ball came sweeping down the ravine 
which we charged across, tore up the ground fearfully, 
struck a tree, and in its rebound rolled up Lynch’s back. 
Blood ran out of his nose, eyes and ears, but he did not let 
the enemy catch him. 

Before our Division made the charge to the rear to open 
the road for the withdrawal of the left wing of our army, 
Brannan’s Division with parts of Wood's, Negley’s and 
Palmer’s Divisions were resisting the furious assaults of 
Longstreet’s Confederates at Snodgrass Hill. About 4 p. m. 
Brig. -Gen. Steedman with two Brigades of his Division — 
Whitaker’s and Mitchell’s — came from the Reserve Corps. 
It was the first sniff these gallant heroes had of the smoke at 
Chickamauga. As soon as Steedman put his men in, the 
roar of musketry increased in volume, and the conflict seemed 
to grow fiercer than at any previous hour of the battle. The 



1 84 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

continuous volumes of musketry seemed to mingle in the 
grand roar of a great cataract, whilst the louder and deeper 
discharge of Artillery bounded forth over the hills and down 
the Valley of the Chickamauga with a force that seemed to 
shake the earth. 

After our Division had made the charge to open the road 
to Rossville, and while we were in position at Brock’s house 
to the left of Snodgrass Hill, General Thomas, about dusk, 
sent the Sixty-eighth and One-hundred and first Indiana 
Regiments of our Brigade to the assistance of the troops 
under Brannan at Snodgrass Hill. These Regiments arrived 
too late on Snodgrass Hill to do any fighting there; but, 
being the only troops there at the time with any ammu- 
nition, they were given the honor of covering Brannau’s re- 
treat, and are entitled to the distinction of being the last 
Federal troops that left the gory battle-field — the Sixty- 
eighth was the last Regiment to leave it. These Regiments 
returned to the Brigade about midnight at Rossville. Though 
our Division opened the way for the withdrawal, we were the 
last troops to leave the field. Those who participated in this 
conflict on Snodgrass Hill, or Horseshoe Ridge, helped to 
form one of the sublimest scenes that the fierce grandeur 
and awful reality of war ever portrayed. 

The loss of some Divisions in the battle of Chickamauga is 
reported as high as 44 per cent. It is stated that the per- 
centage in the loss of some Divisions exceeded ours. This 
statement is correct, if we include, as we should, the “miss- 
ing,” which, however, is often misleading. In our Division 
very few were missing, as compared with the killed and 
wounded — 176 were missing, whilst 778 were killed and 
wounded. Some of those Divisions, whose aggregated losses 
ran up to 30 and 40 per cent., show very high figures in the 
column of the “missing.” They were caught in the rout, 
on the afternoon of the second day, when hundreds were cap- 
tured. In one instance, three entire Regiments, with their 
banners and side arms, were thus “missing.” But when, we 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 185 

compare the losses in these Divisions with the casualties of 
others, whose men were actually killed and disabled by shot 
and shell, the disparity of losses will not begin to appear so 
great. However, if the casualties in the other two Brigades 
of our Division had been as great as those in our Brigade, the 
percentage for the Division would run much higher; for the 
loss in our Brigade was greater by 16 than the combined loss 
in the other two Brigades of the Division. 

There were 36 Federal Brigades engaged in the battle. 
The aggregated loss of 15 of them was greater than ours; but 
the percentage of the “missing” with the majority of these 
15 was far greater than that of ours. Only 10 Brigades out 
of the 36 actually counted more killed and wounded than ours. 
Besides, the numerical strength of several of these was greater 
than ours — three of them had five and one had six Regiments. 
From some of these Brigades, more officers and men were 
counted among the “missing” than were killed and wounded. 
Only 7 1 officers and men were missing in our Brigade, whilst 
in some others were more than 500. Hence, we affirm that 
the percentage of the aggregated loss, by shot and shell, in 
our Brigade was about as great as any Brigade in the batile. 

Comparing the casualties of the Brigades in our Division, 
the First Brigade, composed of five Regiments of Mounted 
Infantry and a Battery of Artillery, lost 125 officers and men, 
which was 13 less than the loss in the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiment alone of our Brigade. The Third Brigade, com- 
posed of four Regiments and a Battery, lost 343 officers and 
men, which was less by 141 than the loss in our Brigade of 
the same number of Regiments and a Battery. The Second 
Brigade (ours) lost 484, of whom 413 were killed and 
wounded. Among the killed was Colonel King, the Brigade 
commander, Lieutenant Robert J. Price, of the Sixty-eighth 
Indiana, and Captain Spaulding, of the One-hundred and 
fifth Ohio; and among the wounded were Lieut. -Col. Wm. 
O’Brien, Captains William McGinness and David L. Elliott, 
and Lieut. John Chamness, of the Seventy- fifth Indiana, 

13 



1 86 History of the Seve 7 ity-fift 1 i Regiment 

Lieut. -Col. Espy, the commander of the Sixty-eighth In- 
diana, Major Geo. T. Perkins, the commander of the One- 
hundred and fifth Ohio, and Captain Harris, who commanded 
the Nineteenth Indiana Battery. Lieutenant Richard H. 
Busick, of the One-hundred and first Indiana, was mortally 
wounded, dying October 16th, 1863. Lieut. W. P. Bain- 
bridge and Sergeant Daniel Bush, of the One-hundred and 
first Indiana, belonging to Division headquarters, were 
wounded, the latter mortally. 

The reports of the effective force of the Regiments of our 
Brigade at Chickamauga are not found among the Official 
Records of the War. Captain J. H. Mauzy informs the 
writer that the Sixty-eighth Indiana had 356 officers and men 
in the battle. Major Geo. T. Perkins says the effective force 
of his Regiment was 400. The writer is unable to obtain 
the strength of the other Regiments and Battery. At the 
present date, there is no way of ascertaining the exact numer- 
ical strength of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment 011 enter- 
ing the battle ; but, judging from the strength of many other 
Regiments that entered the service at the time we did, and 
were in the same campaigns with us, the numerical strength 
of the Seventy-fifth Indiana at the opening of the battle was 
between 350 and 400. Both the Sixty-eighth and Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Regiments lost more than one-third of their nu- 
merical strength. Doubtless the losses of the other Regiments 
and Battery of the Brigade were proportionally as great. 

Of the Regimental casualties in our Brigade, the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana lost 138, which is not only the highest number 
of the four Regiments comprising the Brigade, but also the 
highest of any of the thirteen Regiments in the Division. 
The Sixty-eighth Indiana lost 137; the One-hundred and 
first Indiana lost 119; the One-hundred and fifth Ohio lost 
70; and the Nineteenth Indiana Battery lost 20. 

The foregoing comparisons are made with no invidious de- 
signs, but to give all the facts attainable. It is to be re- 
gretted that the writer has not data sufficient to speak more 
definitely of the other Regiments and Battery. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



i8 7 



The following is the official return of the casualties in the 
Fourth Division of the Fourteenth Army Corps for the battle 
of Chickamauga: 





Killed. 


Wounded. 


Captured or 
missing. 




Command. 


Officers. 


Enlisted men. 


Officers. 


Enlisted men. 


Officers. 


[ 

i Enlisted men. 

1 


Aggregate. 


FOURTH DIVISION. 
















Maj.-Gen. Joseph J. Reynoeds. 














1 


Staff 






1 




1 




2 


First Brigade. 

Col. John T. Wieder. 
















92d Illinois 




2 


2 


20 




2 


26 


98th Illinois 




2 


2 


29 




2 


35 


123d Illinois 




1 


2 


11 


1 


9 


24 






4 


2 


8 




2 


16 






3 


1 


15 




2 


1 21 


Indiana Light Artillery, 18th Battery 


• • 


1 




2 






3 








9 


85 


1 


17 


125 


Second Brigade. 

Col. Edward A. King.* 
Col. Mieton S. Robinson. 
















68th Indiana 


2 


15 


5 


103 


1 


11 


137 


75th Indiana 




17 


4 


104 


2 


11 


138 


101st Indiana „ . 




11 


5 


85 


1 


17 


119 


105th Ohio 




3 


4 


37 


2 


24 


70 


Indiana Light Artillery, 19th Battery 




2 


1 


15 


. . . 


2 


20 


Total Second Brigade .... 


2 


48 


19 


344 


6 


65 


484 


Third Brigade. 

Brig. -Gen. John B. Turchin. 
















1 8th Kentucky 




7 


8 


38 


4 


29 


86 


Iith Ohio 




5 


1 


35 


2 


20 


63 


36th Ohio 


1 


11 


3 


62 




14 


91 


92d Ohio 




6 


6 | 


62 




1 7 


9 1 


Indiana Light Artillery, 21st Battery. 






jJ 


12 




12 


Total Third Brigade 


1 


29 


18 


209 


6 


80 


343 


Total Fourth Division .... 


3 


90 


47 


638 


14 


162 


954 



* Killed September 20. 



i88 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



During these two days of as wild, blinding and bitter storm 
•of battle as ever swept over this beautiful land of America, 
were hurled to their death nineteen of the brave boys of the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment, who fell with their faces to 
the foe. The above statistics give seventeen, but there were 
really nineteen. Their names were Corporal Henry James, 
of A Company; Joseph Boon, of D Company; Columbus A. 
Bennett and Levi S. Saylor, of E Company; Corporal James 
Stewart, Timothy E. Fait, and Geo. H. Kinsey, of F Com- 
pany; John A. Handier, William Mathes, John W. Nelson, 
and Jackson Needham, of G Company; Corporal Geo. W. Her, 
Corporal Peter Mulrine, Thomas J. Fullum, and Andrew 
Hatfield, of H Company; Henry Wildunner and Riley Woods, 
of I Company, and Andrew J. Harter and David Twible, of 
K Company. The mortally wounded were seventeen in 
number: Sergeant David Park, Edward Hutzell, and Levi 
Engart, of A Company; Stanley Cooper, of B Company; 
James B. Whistler, of C Company; David F. Johnson, of D 
Company; James Jellison, Matthew H. Milner, George 
Nevins, and Theodore Smith, of E Company; Elias T. Baird, 
of F Company; James M. Miner, John Robbins, and John D. 
McKee, of G Company; Captain William McGinness and 
Valentine Knee, of H Company, and Elijah Moore, of I Com- 
pany. The fourteen captured were: Captains William Mc- 
Ginness, Christopher S. Arthur (Surgeon); William A. and 
James M. Lawson, of A Company; Heyden H. Reyborn, 
James B. Whistler, and Albert B. Beneway, of C Company; 
Edmond H. Brown, of E Company; James M. Miner, John 
Robbins, John D. McKee, and John Newton Wilson, of G 
Company; Byron Kurtz, of I Company, and Sergeant John 
Ryan, of K Company. The four officers wounded were: 
Lieut. -Col. William O’Brien, Captains William McGinness 
and David L. Elliott, and Lieutenant John W. Charmless. 
Among the one hundred and four enlisted men more or less 
severely wounded the following can be recalled: Silas More- 
bead, of A Company; Christopher B. Bowlin, Henry B. Sny- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



189 



der, Calvin Patton, Charles L. Baldwin, Corporal John P. 
Wagoman, Janies Barnett, and Daniel Herron, of B Company; 
Corporal Hayden H. Reyborn, Loren G. King, James R. 
Quinn, James B. Whistler, James E. Kidden, and Samuel B. 
Weaver, of C Company; Sergeant Marion W. Essington, 
Corporal John R. Leonard, Jonathan Kelley, Salathiel Lamb, 
Sergeant Jeremiah Lynch, Henry Reynolds, Evan Stewart, 
and Earl S. Stone, of D Company; Jonas Coffman, Elihu 
Crandall, David Eubank, Adam Foust, Joseph J. Johnson, 
George F. Smith, Henry Trout, Corporal Kilbourne F. Way, 
of E Company; Perry Odell, of F Company; Sergeants Wil- 
liam J. Hillegoss and Joel W. McMahan, and Solomon C. 
Call, Lewis Moler, of G Company; Clark Dewitt, James 
Douglass, Michael Dennis, Lewis R. Fitch, Peter Fulhart, 
Joshua C. Joseph, Isaac N. Kinnan, Uriah J. Loop, Samuel 
W. Pearson, Jacob Swain, Hiram Slain, Charles Settlemyer, 
John G. Thompson, Matthew Waters, and Deroy Welch, of 
H Company; Corporal Joseph Criswell, Byron Kurtz, Henry 
McKinsey, Randolph Blessing, Charles F. Mayberry, Abra- 
ham Passwater, Michael J. Castetter, Washington Avery, and 
William Evans, of I Company; Sergeant John Ryan, Cor- 
poral William B. Miller, Alexander Anderson, John Elzy, 
Isaac Fields, and John McGeath, of K Company. James 
Dearinger, of C Company, caught a spent ball in his mouth. 

Our Brigade fought Bate’s and Clayton’s Brigades of Stew- 
art’s Division, Buckner’s Corps, on the 19th, and Brown’s 
Brigade of Stewart’s Division, Buckner’s Corps, and Wood’s 
Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, Hill’s Corps, on the 20th. 

These troops were mostly veterans, who had seen hard ser- 
vice. They were equal to the soldiers of any command in the 
Confederate Army. None ever fought better. 

The following is the organization of Wood’s Brigade 
(Cleburne’s Division) and the three Brigades of Stewart’s 
Division : 



190 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



STEWART’S DIVISION. 
Maj.-Gen. ALEXANDER P. Stewart. 



Brown's Brigade. 

Brig. -Gen. John C. Brown. 

Col. Edmund C. Cook. 

1 8th Tennessee : 

Col. Joseph B. Palmer. 

Lieut. -Col. William R. Butler. 
Capt. Gideon H. Lowe. 

26th Tennessee : 

Col. John M. Lillard. 

Maj. Richard M. Saffell. 

32d Tennessee : 

Col. Edmund C. Cook. 

Capt. Calaway G. Tucker. 

45th Tennessee, Col. Anderson Searcy. 
23d Tennessee Battalion : 

Maj. Tazewell W. Newman. 
Capt. W. P. Simpson. 



Maj. P. F. Hunley. 

36th Alabama, Col. Lewis T. Wood- 
ruff. 

38th Alabama, Lieut.-Col. A. R. 
Lankford. 

Bate's Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. Wieeiam B. Bate. 
58th Alabama, Col. Bushrod Jones. 
37th Georgia : 

Col. A. F. Rudler. 

Lieut.-Col. Joseph T. Smith. 
4th Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters: 
Maj. T. D. Caswell. 

Capt. B. M. Turner. 

Lieut. Joel Towers. 

f Col. R. C. Tyler, 
Lieut. Col. R. 



15th Tennessee i 
37th Tennessee j 



Dudley Frayser, 
and Capt. R. M. 
Tankesley. 



20th Tennessee : 

Col. Thomas B. Smith. 
Maj. W. M. Shy. 



Clayton's Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. Henry D. Ceayton. 

18th Alabama : 

Col. J. T. Holtzclaw. 

Lieut.-Col. R. F. Inge. 

A rtillcry. 

Maj. J. Weseey Eedridge. 

1st Arkansas Battery, Capt. John T. Humphreys. 

T. H. Dawson’s (Georgia) Batter}*, Lieut. R. W. Anderson. 

Eufaula Artillery (Alabama Battery), Capt. McDonald Oliver. 

Company E, 9th Georgia Artillery Battalion (Billington W. York’s Battery), 
Lieut. William S. Everett. 



Wood's Brigade. 
(Cleburne’s Division.) 
Brig.-Gen. S. A. M. Wood. 

16th Alabama : 

Maj. John H. McGaughy. 
Capt. Frederick A. Ashford. 
33d Alabama, Col. Samuel Adams. 
45th Alabama, Col. E. B. Breedlove. 



18th Alabama Battalion : 

Maj. John H. Gibson. 

Col. Samuel Adams.* 

3i2d Mississippi 1 

45th Mississippi } Co1 ' M - P-Lowrey. 
15th Mississippi Battalion Sharp- 
shooters : 

Maj. A. T. Hawkins. 

Capt. Daniel Coleman. 



*33d Alabama. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 191 

The total loss and percentage in the three Brigades of 
Stewart’s Division during Saturday and Sunday, were as fol- 
lows: 



Command. 


In ac 

to 

u 

CL) 

u 

m 

0 


Men. 1 


Killed. 


Wounded. 


Missing. 


Total. 


Per cent. 


Brown’s ... 


120 


1,320 


50 


426 


4 


480 


33-3 


Bate’s 


132 


1,085 


66 


516 


1 1 


593 


48.7 


Clayton’s 


94 


1. .352 


86 


535 


13 


634 


42.4 


Dawson’s Battery 


3 


62 


1 


6 




7 


. . . 


Kufaula Battery 


3 


103 


r 


13 




14 


. . . 


Humphreys’ Battery. . . . 


3 


86 


1 


2 




3 


. . . 


Bscort Company 


3 


32 




1 


1 


2 




Total 


35s 


4,040 


205 


1,499 


29 


i,733 


. . . 



The percentage of losses in Stewart’s Division at Chica- 
mauga, as exhibited by the above table, is a fair index of the 
fearful struggle through which the troops composing the 
Division had to pass. In his official report for Sunday, the 
20th of September, Stewart said that his Division was sub- 
jected to the “most terrible fire it had ever been his fortune 
to witness.” The above percentage of his losses prove the 
truth of this assertion. It proves too how well the Regiments 
and Batteries of Reynolds’ Division directed their aim and 
defended their positions in the battle. 

Return of casualties in Stewart’s Division, Sept. 19th and 
20th, 1863, is as follows: 



192 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 





Killed. 


Wounded. 


Missing. 




Command. 


Officers. 


Men. 


Officers. 


d 

<u 

S 


Officers. 


Men. 


Aggregate 


BROWN’S BRIGADE. 
















18th Tennessee 


2 


18 


16 


98 




1 


135 


26th Tennessee 


2 


10 


5 


74 




1 


92 


32d Tennessee 




9 


4 


108 




2 


123 


45th Tennessee 


1 


12 


6 


79 






98 


Newman’s Battalion . . 




3 


2 


27 






32 


Total. 


5 


52 


33 


386 




4 


480 


















BATE’S BRIGADE. 
















Staff. 






1 








1 


58th Alabama 


ai 


20 


20 


108 






149 


37th Georgia 


bi 


18 


8 


160 




7 


194 


4th Georgia Battalion . . 




2 


2 


34 






38 


15th and 37th Tennessee . . 


c 3 


12 


14 


88 




4 


121 


20th Tennessee 


d2 


6 


14 


66 






88 


Total 


7 


58 


_59 


456 




11 


59i 


CEAYTON’S BRIGADE. 
















Staff 






2 








2 


18th Alabama 


3 


34 


20 


230 




8 


295 


36th Alabama 


2 


14 


9 


124 




3 


152 


38th Alabama 


3 


34 


13 


130 


• • • 


5 


193 


Total 


8 


82 


44 


484 




16 


642 


ARTIEEERY. 

Darden’s Battery 




1 




2 






3 


Dawson’s Battery 


1 




1 


5 






7 


Eufaula Battery 

Humphrey’s Battery. . . . 




1 




13 






14 




1 




2 






3 


Total 


1 


3 


1 


22 






27 



a Lieut. W. H. Rader killed. 
b Lieut. Francis Power killed. 

c Captain Jarnagin and Lieutenants Grayson and Kent killed. 
d Lieut. J. W. Peyton killed. 

In addition, there were about ioo officers, non-commissioned officers and 
privates who were slightly wounded, but have not been so reported, as they 
were not disabled. In this number are embraced Brig. Gen. J. C. Brown and 
Brig. Gen. H. D. Clayton. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 193 

Chickamauga was the greatest battle of the West. In pro- 
portion to the length of time required to fight it, and to the 
number of men engaged in it, the percentage of the killed 
and wounded was perhaps greater than that of any other 
battle of the war for the Union. Out of one hundred thou- 
sand men engaged for two days at Chickamauga, thirty-five 
thousand of them were placed hors de combat. I11 most 
great battles, victory to one side or the other is decisive, and 
the victors have a reserve strength to continue the struggle, 
if need be. But at Chickamauga, the vitality — the fighting 
force — of both armies was spent at the close of the second day. 
However, the battle was a grand victory for the Union, if we 
consider the object for which the campaign, inaugurated at 
Tullahoma and completed at Chickamauga, was made. It 
was not to fight a battle, but to possess a town — Chattanooga 
— to open up the gateway to the South. We gained the end, 
even if it was at the cost of much blood and treasure. 

In no battle, before or after Chickamauga, were exhibited 
finer examples of bravery and daring. Here was a mighty 
struggle both for the gained and “lost causes.” Here were 
many exhibitions which reminded one of two mighty giants 
grappling each other in a death struggle. Along the piny 
slopes and in the thick woods of the valley of the Chicka- 
mauga were displayed a patriotism, devotion, self-sacrifice 
and heroism for our glorious Union, which have never been 
surpassed, and rarely equalled in the annals of war. “There 
was 110 severer battle, east or west, than Chickamauga. The 
history of the war will furnish no better illustration of the 
brilliant fighting qualities and the enduring courage of the 
American soldier on both sides.” (Adjutant General G. P. 
Thruston, U. S. A.). “ There was no more splendid fight- 

ing in ’6i, when the flower of the Southern youth was in the 
field, than was displayed in those bloody days of September 
’63. But it seems to me, that the elan of the Southern 
soldier was never seen after Chickamauga — that brilliant 
dash, which had distinguished him on a hundred fields, was 



194 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



gone forever. He fought stoutly to the last, but, after Chick- 
aiuauga, with the sullenness of despair and without the en- 
thusiasm of hope. That ‘barren victory’ sealed the fate of 
the Southern Confederacy.” (Lieutenant-General Daniel 
H. Hill, commanding a Confederate Corps in the battle). 
“It was as terrific fighting as the world ever saw.” (Na- 
tional Tribune, Washington, D. C.). General Cist, in his 
History of the Army of the Cumberland, says: “All things 
considered, the battle of Chickamauga, for the forces en- 
gaged, was the hardest fought and bloodiest battle of the re- 
bellion.” 

Chickamauga was fought on the side for the Union almost 
exclusively by Western men. The Eastern States had scarcely 
a representation of their soldiery. Massachusetts and New 
York were not represented at all. But few Virginians were 
there among the Confederates. The Southern Army was 
represented by troops principally from Alabama, Arkansas, 
Kentucky , 1 Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South 
Carolina, Tennessee and Texas. The great pairs of leaders 
on both sides of the war, Grant and Lee, Sherman and John- 
ston, were not pitted against each other there. 

However, many of the finest soldiers developed by any war, 
and some of the noted civilians of the country, were there. 
Among them were “Pap” Thomas, the impersonation of 
heroism; “Little Phil” Sheridan, the great cavalier of 
modern times; an array of tough Federal fighters was there, 
like Gordon Granger, James B. Steedman, Jefferson C. Davis, 
Absalom Baird, Joseph J. Reynolds, Thomas J. Wood, George 
Crook, William B. Hazen, John B. Turchin, John T. Wilder, 
August Willich, Emerson Opdycke, Ferdinand Van Derveer,. 
Gustave Kammerling and others. Among the Confederates 
were James Longstreet, the Marshal Ney of the Confederate 
Army of Northern Virginia; “Pat” Cleburne, “the Stone- 
wall Jackson of the West;” the intrepid Cheatham and the 
dashing Hood. Janies A. Garfield, a future martyred Presi- 
dent of the United States, and John C. Breckinridge, a de- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 195 

feated candidate for the same high and honorable office, were 
there on opposite sides. 

During the battle, the commanders of four Federal Bri- 
gades were killed, viz. : Brigadier General William H. Lytle, 
Colonels Edward A. King, Hans C. Hegg, and Philemon P. 
Baldwin ; and the commanders of five were wounded : Brig- 
adier Generals W. C. Whitaker and John C. Starkweather, 
Colonels Timothy R. Stanley, John T. Croxton and Luther 
P. Bradley. Six Colonels commanding Regiments were 
killed : William G. Jones, Thirty-sixth Ohio (belonging to 
the Third Brigade of our Division); John W. S. Alexander, 
Twenty-first Illinois ; Wm. B. McCreery, Twenty-first Mich- 
igan; Fred. A. Bartleton, One-hundredth Illinois; Daniel H. 
Gilmer, Thirty-eighth Illinois; and Wm. B. Carroll, Tenth 
Indiana. Among the Confederates, two Major Generals were 
wounded — John B. Hood and Thomas C. Hindman ; three 
Brigadier Generals were killed — Benjamin H. Helm, Preston 
Smith, and James Deshler ; and five Brigadier Generals were 
wounded — John Gregg, Evander McNair, J. C. Brown, 
Henry D. Clayton, and Daniel W. Adams; Adams was cap- 
tured. Helm was killed in Baird’s front, and Smith and 
Deshler in Reynolds’ and Palmer’s front.. Thousands of 
other brave men — private soldiers — fought and died there, 
the simple story of whose deeds of valor may never be written 
on the pages of imperishable history — whose names may 
never be inscribed on statues of bronze and marble. 

I11 his History of the Army of the Cumberland, General 
Cist says: “ The largest number of troops Rosecrans had, of 
all arms, on the field during the two days’ fighting, was 
55,000 effective men. Rosecrans’ losses were: Killed, 1,687; 
wounded, 9,394; missing, 5,255; total loss, 16,336. Bragg 
had about 70,000 effective troops in line. His losses, in part 
estimated, were 2,673 killed; 16,274 wounded, and 2,003 
missing, a total of 20,950. A full report of the rebel losses 
was never made.” 

General Cist’s estimate of 55,000 Union soldiers actually 



196 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

en g a g e d at Chickamauga, and their loss 16,336, would make 
the loss over 29 per cent, on our side. Under date of October 
29th, 1891, Aquila Wiley, Brevet Brig. -Gen. U. S. Vols., 
writes to the National Tribune: “I think Bragg’s army at 
Chickamauga sustained the highest per cent, of loss in killed 
and wounded of any army, Union or Confederate, in any sin- 
gle engagement during the war.” He estimates Bragg’s loss 
as over 30 per cent. 

In some of the famous battles of history the percentage of 
loss in killed and wounded, when compared with that of 
Chickamauga, sinks into insignificance. We would scarcely 
call these battles lively skirmishes. Wellington’s casualties 
at Waterloo were less than 12 per cent. At Marengo and 
Austerlitz Napoleon lost, on an average, less than 14^ per 
cent. At Gravelotte and Sedan, in the Franco-Prussian war 
of 1870, the average loss was less than 12 per cent. 

From the discovery of America to 1861, in all wars with 
other nations, there were but ten American Generals killed 
in battle; at Chickamauga alone four American Generals 
were killed, and during the war of the Rebellion more than 
one hundred American Generals, Union and Confederate, lost 
their lives in battle. The above comparisons show to some 
extent the magnitude of our battles and of our civil war. 



CHAPTER VIII. 



CHATTANOOGA — SIEGE OF CHATTANOOGA — AFFAIR AT 
BROWN’S FERRY. 

(SEPTEMBER 2 1ST TO NOVEMBER 22D, 1863.) 

On the 21st of September, 1863, after the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, the Army of the Cumberland lay all day at Rossville, 
about four miles north of the battlefield. We were called 
very early in the morning and formed into line of battle. 
Our Corps was stationed in the Rossville Gap, facing east and 
south. During the night of the 21st, General Rosecrans be- 
gan to withdraw the army to the town of Chattanooga. 
About 9 p. m., Crittenden’s Corps began the movement. 
Ours — Thomas’ — began to move about 10 p. in., following 
Crittenden’s. Reynolds’ Division of our Corps, however, 
did not begin its movement until about midnight, followed 
an hour afterwards by McCook’s Corps. Each Brigade of 
the Army, before retiring from its battle line at Rossville, 
left its pickets out and a Regiment to support them. The 
Seventy-fifth Indiana supported the pickets of our Brigade. 
It was midnight of the 22d before our Regiment moved out. 
We reached Chattanooga, five miles distant, just before day- 
light on the morning of the 23d. 

For the defense of the town, upon our arrival into Chatta- 
nooga, we were set to work at once in the construction of 
breastworks and in strengthening old fortifications, which 
Bragg’s army had built. In this matter we were not any 
way too soon, for Bragg with his Confederate legions ap- 
peared in front of the town about noon of the day of our 
arrival. 

Chattanooga was at one time the name of a small Indian 

(i97) 



198 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

liamlet, located on the bank of a narrow stream which gives 
its name to the valley and town. In the language of the 
Cherokee tribe of Indians, the word means u to-draw-fish-out- 
of-the-water,” and hence the name was applied to the collec- 
tion of huts, which were occupied originally by Indian fish- 
ermen. The humble hamlet, in the march of civilization, 
disappeared, and its name, originally so suggestive and 
appropriate, was inherited by the town of the white man with 
meaningless application. When the beleaguered Army of the 
Cumberland occupied the place in 1863, it was a pretty little 
city of about 3000 inhabitants, situated on the south bank of 
the beautiful Tennessee River, which bound its brow as with 
a broad band of silver, and, at the northern end of Chatta- 
nooga Valley, six miles wide, through which the creek of the 
same name flowed. The town nestled snugly, as if in adora- 
tion, at the foot of Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, 
an outline of bold and magnificent hills and mountains. It 
was then the terminus of the Nashville and Chattanooga and 
of the Western and Atlantic Railways, which connected the 
place with the principal towns of Georgia. Hence it was the 
shipping point for most of the surplus productions of East, 
and of a portion of Middle Tennessee and Northern Georgia. 
It also contained a number of mills and factories. During 
the memorable winter of 1863, Chattanooga was the Valley 
Forge of the War of the Rebellion. It became a great can- 
vas city, covering many acres, having sprung up, as if by 
magic, under the deft hands of the various regimental organ- 
izations of the army. The Confederate observers, stationed 
away up on the summits of Lookout Mountain and Mission- 
ary Ridge, overlooked miles of white tents dotting the bold 
hills and serene valley on every side. 

O11 the 24th of September a detail of seventy-five men from 
our Regiment, one of whom was the writer, under command 
of two officers, was sent in front of Fort Negley to do picket 
duty. During the night, Bragg advanced his lines, which 
were driven back by our picket line, aided by the guns in 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



199 



Fort Neeley. These mms aimed to throw their shells over 
our heads, but some of them fell among us. A fearful en- 
counter ensued for au hour or two. During the melee, John 
F. Barton of E Company, one of the pickets, was quite 
severely wounded in the right hand. We were relieved from 
picket duty on the morning of the 25th, and returned to 
camp. The Confederates attacked ns a few times after this, 
but, failing to dislodge us, retired, and settled down to the 
slower and more tedious process of. starving us out by siege. 
We continued to do picket duty and build fortifications. 

During the last days of 
September, 1863, several citi- 
zens from Indiana came to 
our camp at Chattanooga, 
among whom were Mr. James 
E- Evans (who subsequently 
became a member of Con- 
gress, and who was the father- 
in-law, in prospectu , of Cap- 
tain M. H. Floyd, of the Regi- 
ment), and James O’Brien, 

Esq., a lawyer, and brother 
of Et. Col. Wm. O’Brien, of 
the Regiment. It was cer- 
tainly refreshing to have 
these gentlemen with us for a short time. 

General Rosecrans did not undertake to retain Eookout 
Mountain, the railroads, nor the Tennessee River below 
Chattanooga, but endeavored to hold the bridges across the 
river, and to present a strong and formidable front to the 
Confederates. The strongly intrenched Confederate lines 

* Lieut. Todd was a member of the Fourteenth Ohio Regiment for a period 
of three months before he became the Second Lieutenant of Company K, 
Seventy-fifth Indiana. In 1863 he was transferred from the Regiment to 
the Pioneer Corps, and shortly afterwards promoted to a First Lieutenant in 
the First U. S. Volunteer Engineer Corps. On account of disability con- 
tracted in the service, he resigned March, 1865. He died April 14th, 1880. 




200 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

of Bragg, on the other hand, extended from Missionary 
Ridge across the Chattanooga Valley to Lookout Mountain, 
which was also fortified and held. His troops also com- 
manded the Tennessee River above the town, and occupied 
Raccoon Mountain and Lookout Valley. His pickets were 
posted so near the town, where ours were stationed, that we 
often held a conversation with them, and gave them news- 
papers for tobacco. Our pickets at this point were separated 
from those of the Confederates only by Chattanooga Creek — 
both lines obtaining water from opposite banks of the same 
stream. Here occasionally a Federal soldier off duty would 
venture to meet a Confederate soldier midway in the stream 
between the picket lines. Not a shot would be fired during 
the brief handshaking. The pickets on both sides would 
swarm like bees from their rifle-pits to watch this impromptu 
walk and meeting on neutral grounds — a meeting brought 
on openly by the mere display of a newspaper and pouch of 
smoking tobacco. It would occupy scarcely ten minutes 
from the time each soldier left his respective line until his 
safe return. General Grant himself, while in the command 
of the Army at Chattanooga, had some experience of this 
kind, as the following from his “Memoirs ” will show: 

‘‘The most friendly relations seemed to exist between the pickets of the 
two armies. At one place there was a tree, which had fallen across the 
stream, and which was nsed by the soldiers of both armies in drawing water 
for their camps. General Longstreet’s Corps was stationed there at the 
time, and wore blue of a little different shade from our uniform. Seeing a 
soldier in blue on this log, I rode up to him, commenced conversing with 
him, and asked whose Corps he belonged to. He was very polite, and, 
touching his hat to me, said he belonged to General Tongstreet’s Corps. I 
asked him a few questions — but not with a view of gaining any particular 
information — all of which he answered, and I rode off.” 

The situation of our Army was extremely critical. Rose- 
cra’ns had grave apprehensions of the condition of things, 
which he telegraphed to President Lincoln. “At the com- 
mencement of the occupation,” says Van Horne’s Hist, of 
the Army of Cumberland, Vol. i. p. 392, “there were large 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 201 

trains in good condition, and the prospect for transporting 
supplies was somewhat promising. But early in October the 
rain began to fall. With its continuance, the roads became 
almost impassable. The destruction of hundreds of wagons 
and animals by Wheeler was nearly fatal to the army. The 
remaining animals from necessity were pressed beyond endur- 
ance. The roads rapidly grew 7 worse; the mules became ex- 
hausted by constant motion and lack of forage; each succes- 
sive trip to Bridgeport compassed a longer period of time, and 
each trip reduced the number of wagons and weight of their 
contents; at each succeeding issue the ration was diminished; 
the artillery horses, being least useful in the emergency, were 
deprived of forage and fell dead in great numbers day by day; 
and the alternative of surrender, or retreat with great peril 
and certain loss of all material, seemed only delaying its de- 
mand for the desperate election of the army. The thought 
of surrender could not be entertained, as no large army had 
yet lowered its colors at the demand of the foe, and the Army 
of the Cumberland could not be the first to experience this 
humiliation; and the shortest rations, as long as actual star- 
vation could be averted, could not force that army to turn its 
back to the enemy. So, with full appreciation of the situa- 
tion, it bravely awaited the issue.” In his “Personal Me- 
moirs,” General Grant says: “The men had been on half 
rations of hard bread for a considerable time, with but few 
other supplies except beef driven from Nashville across the 
country. The region along the road became so exhausted of 
food for the cattle, that by the time they reached Chattanooga, 
they were much in the condition of the few animals left alive 
there — ‘on the lift.’ Indeed, the beef was so poor that the 
soldiers were in the habit of saying, with a faint facetiousness, 
that they were living on ‘ half rations of hard bread and beef 
dried on the hoofl ” The writer has seen men standing 
around the Commissariat actually shedding tears for mouldy 
and condemned crackers. In their necessity they appro- 
priated to themselves (it would have been theft , under other 



202 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

circumstances) the half ration of shelled corn from the hun- 
gry and starving mules, as they ate at their troughs, and in 
several instances they picked up and converted into hominy 
the undigested grains of corn, which had passed through the 
intestines of the mules. The writer has had the satisfaction 
of eating some of this hominy ; but not until he had gone 
three days without eating anything else. The heads, tails, 
ears and shinbones of the slaughtered beeves were in great 
demand, which the soldiers, who had any money, bought at 
high prices, or confiscated, as the case may be, and converted 
into soup. The soldiers endured all this without complaint. 
The fuel in our lines gave out. Every limb, twig, stump and 
root of the trees was used up. Before the siege abated, we 
had to cut trees far up the river, and form rafts, float them 
down, and drag and carry them to camp. In our great ex- 
tremity, we ran into the lines of the enemy with trucks of 
cars, guarded by a squad of men, upon which we hauled the 
wood into camp; at times we would bring back a wounded 
companion with the wood. 

The only outlet for the army to convey any supplies w 7 as 
the wagon road in rear of the hills north of the river to 
Stevenson, Alabama, and a little steamer plying on the Ten- 
nessee River below Chattanooga. The road, referred to above, 
was so bad that the half-starved mules could scarcely pull the 
empty wagons ; and the few wagons, that made the trip from 
Stevenson with provisions, were often unable to cross the 
river to the south side, where the army lay, on account of 
the rafts, which the Confederates built, floated down the 
river, and broke our bridges with. The little steamer, laden 
with provisions, was often driven back by the firing of the 
Confederate heavy guns from the top of Lookout Mountain. 
Hence the National Army under Rosecrans was actually be- 
sieged. 

In the months of October and November, at intervals, 
during the siege, the Confederates bombarded our camps 
from the sides and top of Lookout Mountain, and from the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 203 

base of Missionary Ridge. Some of their guns were of large 
calibre and threw big shells. Occasionally they would strike 
the parapets of our line of defenses. Some hundreds of shots 
were fired in a few hours without much damage. Very few 
of our soldiers were hurt by them. We would stand upon 
the parapets of our intrenchments watching the shots, and 
would speculate upon their probable effect, while the negroes 
about our camps would continue their games of marbles. 
Gradually we became used to this distant artillery firing, and 
perfectly indifferent to the effect which the shells, screaming 
and hissing, might produce. 

One of the most laughable incidents that the writer re- 
members in connection with the memorable siege at Chatta- 
nooga, occurred one day, while the Confederates were shell- 
ing us from the mountain. We had been having it pretty 
hot, which brought us to our pits for safety, when we seized 
the occasion of a momentary lull to procure some hot coffee. 
A negro cook of one of the officers was busy preparing some 
in an old-fashioned coffee-pot, when the Confederates, having 
got the range of our little group, began to drop something 
among us harder than ripe gooseberries. Sambo began to 
get very nervous. He said : “It am berry warm lieah, massa; 
I specks a little way back better.” But a stern “Go on with 
your duty” was the only answer he got. Suddenly a piece 
of a shell came whizzing along, and struck the coffee-pot, 
smashing it, and almost blinding the negro with the scalding 
hot liquid. With a yell of fright and pain, he started off like 
a deer, heedless of where he was running to. As luck would 
have it, a fussy, pompous, portly Captain of a Regiment near 
by us, was approaching us to order us to our rifle-pits, so as 
to induce the enemy to cease firing. He did not see Sambo, 
neither did Sambo see him. With head down and arms ex- 
tended, the terror-stricken darkey butted the pursy officer 
squarely in the stomach with the force of a battering ram, 
bowling him over like a tenpin, and rolled over him. Poor 
Sambo was set upon by the irate Captain, and thinking one 



204 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



•of the rebels had got him, kept bellowing out for help, while 
he returned the Captain’s kicks and cuffs with interest. We 
managed to get the darkey away, but the Captain believed it 
was a put-up job of the boys. 

By special Field Order, on October the 9th, are organization 
of the Army of the Cumberland took place. The four Corps 
were compressed into two. The Twentieth and Twenty-first 
Corps were consolidated and formed into the Fourth Corps, 
with three Divisions, and Major-Gen. Gordon Granger was 
placed in command of the Corps. Major-Gen. John M. Pal- 
mer and Major-Gen. P. H. Sheridan, and Brig. -Gen. Thos. 
J. Wood, were assigned to the command of the Divisions in 
the order named. 

The Reserve Corps was attached to the Fourteenth. The 
four Divisions of the Fourteenth Corps were reduced to three, 
General Thomas commanding, with Major-Gen. L. H. Rous- 
seau in the command of the First; Brig. -Gens. Jeff. C. Davis 
and Absalom Baird in command of the Second and Third 
Divisions. 

General Rosecrans issued the following order: 

General Orders, y Hdqrs. Dept, oe the Cumbereand, 

No. 231. j Chattanooga , Tenn., October 10, 1863. 

The following changes in the staff of the Major-General commanding are 
published for the information of the army: 

I. Brig.-Gen. J. A. Garfield has been chosen by his fellow-citizens to rep- 
resent them in the councils of the nation. His high intelligence, spotless 
integrity, business capacity, and thorough acquaintance with the wants of 
the army, will render his services, if possible, more valuable to the country 
in Congress than with us. Reluctlantly yielding to this consideration, the 
General commanding relieves him from duty as chief of staff. In doing so 
he returns his thanks to General Garfield for the invaluable assistance he 
has rendered him by wise counsels and assiduous labors, as well as for his 
gallantry, good judgment and efficiency at the battle of Chickamauga. 

Maj.-Gen. J. J. Reynolds, U. S. Volunteers, is announced as chief of staff. 

By command of Major General Rosecrans: 

C. GODDARD, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 

By the above order we lost our honored and true Division 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



205 



commander, General Reynolds, to whom we had. become 
greatly endeared. In Brig. -Gen. Absalom Baird, however, 
we gained one of the very finest Division commanders in the 
Union Army. General Baird commanded our Division from 
this date to the close of the war. The following indorse- 
ments will speak for themselves: 

Headquarters Department of the Cumberland, 
Chattanooga, October 15, 1863. 
Brig.-Gen. L. Thomas, Adjutant-General U. S. Army: 

I respectfully beg leave to make a special mention of Brig.-Gen. Absalom 
Baird, who, in temporary command of his division, handled his men with 
skill and bravery, sustaining probably more fierce assaults and losing a 
larger percentage of men than any other division in the battle except Bran- 
nan’s. Holding the extreme left of our line, where the enemy had intended 
to strike us on the 19th, his were amongst the first troops in action, and 
during the entire contest nobly did his troops, under his watchful and care- 
ful eye, sustain it. I respectfully recommend that he be made a major-gen- 
eral of volunteers for gallant and meritorious services at the battle of 
Chickamauga. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. S. ROSECRANS, 
Major- G eneral. 

Headquarters Department of the Cumberland, 
Chattanooga , Tetin ., November 10, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Thomas, Adjutant-Ge?ieral U. S. Army : 

I have the honor to recommend to favorable consideration the following- 
named officers of this army, and respectfully urge their promotion for the 
following reasons :********** 
Brig.-Gen. A. Baird, for gallantry and good conduct at the battle of Chick- 
amauga, September 19 and 20 ; and for the able manner in which he has 
conducted the operations of his division from the crossing of the Tennessee 
River till the present time. General Baird assumed command of the First 
Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, August 24, 1863, gaining in a very short 
time the entire confidence of the division by his judicious and considerate 
administration of the duties of a division commander. 

I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. H. THOMAS, 

Majo r Ge neral U. S. Volunteers, Commanding. 

Bv the re-organization of the army, on October 9th, the 
Second Brigade of the Fourth Division (ours), and the Third 
Brigade of the Third Division, Fourteenth Corps, were 




206 History of the Seventy-fifth Regi?ne?it 



BREVET MAJOR-GENERAE ABSAEOM BAIRD, 
Commander of the 3d Division, 14th Army Corps. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 207 

broken up, thrown together, and consolidated into a Brigade 
hereafter to be known and recognized as the Second Brigade, 
Third Division, Fourteenth Corps. The Sixty-eighth In- 
diana, so long brigaded with us, was now transferred to the 
First Brigade, Third Division, Fourth Corps. The Seventy- 
fifth and One-hundred and first Indiana, and the One-liun- 
dred and fifth Ohio Regiments of our old Second Brigade, 
Fourth Division, and the Eighty-seventh Indiana, the Second 
Minnesota, the Ninth and Thirty-fifth Ohio Regiments of 
the old Third Brigade, Third Division, now came together, 
and so remained, until their respective terms of service ex- 
pired. Colonel Ferdinand Van Derveer, of the Thirty-fifth 
Ohio, was assigned to the command of the new Brigade of 
old Regiments. The Nineteenth Indiana Battery remained 
also with us. 

The Eighty-seventh Regiment of Indiana Volunteers was 
raised in the Ninth Congressional District of Indiana. It 
was organized at South Bend during the month of August, 
and mustered into the U. S. service at Indianapolis, on the 
31st of the month, 1862. Kline G. Shryock, of Rochester, 
Indiana, was its first Colonel. The Regiment left Indianapo- 
lis on the day of its muster for Louisville, Ky., where it was 
assigned to the Brigade in command of General Burbridge. 
It was transferred, October 1st, to the Third Brigade, Third 
Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, and took part in the battle 
of Perryville on the 8th. 

During the campaign of marching and countermarching in 
Kentucky and Tennessee, near the close of the year 1862, 
the Regiment lost six killed and wounded. It was in a fight 
with the Confederate Army under Forrest on March 4th, 1863, 
at Chapel Hill, Tenn. ; and on the 28th of the same month, 
its Colonel resigned, whereupon Lieutenant-Colonel Newell 
Gleason was promoted to the Colonelcy. 

The Regiment participated in the Tullalioma and Chicka- 
mauga campaigns. It was under fire at Hoover’s Gap, and 
was with that part of the Army that entered Tullahoma. It 



208 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

marched to Winchester, Tennessee, and thence over the 
mountains to Battle Creek on the Tennessee River. In the 
campaign against Chattanooga, it crossed the Tennessee 
River and marched over Raccoon and Lookout Mountains. 
It bore a very conspicuous part in the battle of Chickamauga, 
losing 40 killed, 142 wounded, and 8 missing. After the bat- 
tle it became associated with our Regiment in the same Bri- 
gade to the end of the war. 

In the storming of Missionary Ridge the Regiment lost 15 
men killed and wounded. After the victory, it engaged in 
pursuit of the enemy to Ringgold, Ga. It participated in the 
expedition against Dalton, Ga., on the 22d of February, 1864, 
skirmishing with the enemy in front of Buzzard Roost. It 
returned from this expedition, and went into camp at Ring- 
gold until the opening of the Atlanta campaign. 

In the arduous campaign against Atlanta, the Regiment 
was more or less engaged in all the principal battles and skir- 
mishes. In a charge upon the works of the enemy at Utoy 
Creek, on the 4th of August, it lost 17 men in killed and 
wounded. It helped to support Este’s Brigade at the battle 
of Jonesboro, September 1st, when it moved into Atlanta. 

It also participated with its Corps in the campaign in pur- 
suit of Hood, on October 3d, through northern Georgia, 
through Snake Creek Gap to the Chattooga Valley. It re- 
turned to Atlanta, and entered upon the March to the Sea 
with its Corps on the 16th of November. It bore a heavy 
part in the campaign through the Carolinas, and was present 
at the capitulation of Johnston’s Confederate Army. 

From North Carolina, the Regiment marched to Richmond, 
Va., and thence to Washington City, where it participated in 
the grand review of Sherman’s Army. After the review" at 
Washington, the Eighty-seventh Regiment returned to Indi- 
anapolis, where it was mustered out of the service on June 
10th, 1865. 

The casualties of the Regiment during its term of service 
were 47 killed, 198 wounded, and 214 died from wounds and 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 209 

disease. The Eighty-seventh Regiment enjoys the distinc- 
tion of losing the greatest number of commissioned officers 
killed of any Regiment in any single battle of the war. It 
had three Captains and five Lieutenants killed at Chicka- 
mauga. There was no better Regiment in the service than 
the Eighty-seventh Indiana. Its tall, silver-haired, heroic 
Colonel commanded our Brigade from June 27th, 1864, to the 
close of the war, and was brevetted a Brigadier-General for 
his bravery and efficiency. 

The Second Regiment of Minnesota Volunteers was organ- 
ized during the months of June, July and August, 1861, 
with Horatio P. Van Cleve as Colonel. Colonel Van Cleve, 
who subsequently became a Brigadier-General and Brevet 
Major-General, and the commander of a Division in the 
Army of the Cumberland, had been an officer in the Regular 
Army before the war. The various Companies of the Regi- 
ment for the first few months were stationed at Forts Snell- 
ing, Rippley, Abercrombie, and Ridgley, on the upper 
Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers. During the first week of 
October, they were recalled from their detached positions and 
rendezvoused at Fort Snelling. 

On the morning of October 14th, the Regiment embarked 
on board a large river steamer for Washington, D. C. Ar- 
riving at La Crosse, Wis. , it was transferred to the cars and 
arrived at Chicago on the morning of the 16th. The night 
was spent at Chicago, and next morning the Regiment took 
the cars for Pittsburg, Pa., arriving in the afternoon of the 
18th. Here it received orders to proceed to Louisville, Ky., 
instead of Washington, D. C. On the 19th it embarked on 
three steamers, and went down the Ohio River to Louisville, 
arriving there on the 22d, and thence to Lebanon Junction, 
thirty miles south by rail. 

On General Buell’s assuming the command of all troops 
around Louisville, the Second Minnesota was placed in the 
First Division under Brigadier-General George H. Thomas, 
and in the Third Brigade of the Division commanded by 
Colonel Robert L. McCook. 



2io History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

In this Brigade were the Ninth and the Thirty-fifth Ohio 
Regiments, which remained with the Second Minnesota 
until their muster out at the expiration of their three years of 
service. Shortly after this, the Eighty-seventh Indiana 
joined these Regiments, and remained to the close of the war 
with the Second Minnesota. 

On the morning of January ist, 1862, with the rest of the 
troops stationed at Lebanon, the Regiment entered upon the 
Mill Springs campaign, taking the Columbia pike. By the 
8th of the month, Columbia was reached, where the Regi- 
ment turned off the pike, and marched eastward in the mud, 
slush and rain. It was a very discouraging experience to 
troops on their first' campaign, in midwinter, but- this Regi- 
ment had the hardihood to endure it. By the 17th, it reached 
Mill Springs;, where, on the 19th, it fought its first battle and 
heard its first shot of the enemy. The loss of the Regiment 
in this battle was 12 killed and 33 wounded. The Regiment 
captured the flag of the Fifteenth Mississippi. 

On the 10th of February, the Regiment began its return 
march to Louisville, arriving there at 3 p. m. on the 25th. 
Here it was presented with a handsome silk flag from the 
loyal ladies of Louisville, with the battle of Mill Springs 
inscribed on it. After this presentation, it embarked on a 
steamer and passed down the Ohio into the Cumberland River, 
to Nashville. Here it rested for a considerable time, after 
which it entered upon the Shiloh campaign, but being in the 
rear of the column, it did not participate in the battle of the 
6th and 7th of April, but assisted in the burial of the dead 
and care of the wounded. Here Colonel Van Cleve was pro- 
moted, and Lieutenant Colonel George was promoted to the 
colonelcy. 

The Regiment was in the memorable “foot race” between 
the armies of Buell and Bragg from Corinth to Louisville. 
It was in the Perryville campaign, but not actively engaged 
in the battle of that name. From Perryville it went to 
Bowling Green, and thence to Gallatin, Tennessee. In the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 211 

vicinity of Gallatin, Nashville, and Murfreesborough, it did 
arduous duties. After the battle of Stone’s River, it was as- 
signed to the Division commanded by General James B. 
Steedman, and Colonel F. Van Derveer commanded the 
Brigade. 

During the encampment at Murfreesborough, the Regiment 
was sent on many raids, in some of which it had several hard 
skirmishes. On April 17th, General Steedman was relieved 
and General Schofield succeeded to the command of the 
Division. On May 16th, General J. M. Brannan relieved 
Schofield of the command. 

With the rest of the army the Second Minnesota, on June 
24th, 1863, entered upon the Tullahoma campaign, entering 
the town on the 1st of July. 

During August, the Chickamauga campaign across the 
Cumberland Mountains was inaugurated, culminating in the 
battle of Chickamauga and the possession of Chattanooga. 
The Second Minnesota took a very active part in this battle. 
It entered the battle with 384 men, and lost 35 killed, 113 
wounded, and 14 captured. It was shortly after this battle, 
while the army was lying in Chattanooga, that the Second 
Minnesota with the Ninth and Thirty-fifth Ohio and the 
Eighty-seventh Indiana Regiments united with our Regi- 
ment in a Brigade. The Regiment from this point and date 
remained with us to the close of the war. 

On the 25th of December, 1863, eighty per cent, of the 
Regiment veteranized. It was one of the first Regiments to 
re-enlist, and the only one of our Brigade that did so. It 
went home on furlough, and returned to us while lying at 
Ringgold, Ga. 

During the Atlanta campaign, the Second Minnesota lost 
4 men killed and 16 wounded. Among the killed were Lieut. 
John C. Jones and Sergeant-Major P. G. Wheeler. On the 
3d of April, Lieutenant Colonel J. W. Bishop was made the 
Colonel, vice George, resigned. 

On the 14th of June, 1865, the Regiment went to Louis- 



212 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

ville for filial discharge, after participating in the march to 
Washington, and in the grand review at that place. It ar- 
rived at St. Paul, Minn., on the 15th of July, where final 
payment was made to the men, and the splendid Second 
Minnesota Veteran Regiment ceased to exist. It was a finely 
disciplined Regiment, with many nervy officers. 

During its four years of service, the Second Minnesota 
Regiment had 1,735 officers and men, including recruits. It 
lost 74 in killed and mortally wounded ; 274 more or less se- 
riously wounded in action ; 167 men died of disease ; and 277 
men were discharged for disability. Of the whole number 
of men mustered into the Regiment from first to last, about 
sixteen per cent, were wounded in battle, and more than one- 
fourth of these were killed or mortally wounded. Nearly ten 
per cent, of the whole number died in the service of disease, 
and sixteen per cent, were discharged for disability. While 
the Regiment had various periods of encampments, it had 
also considerable exercise on foot. In the years of ’62, ’63, 
and ’64, it marched, by the record, 5,153 miles, an average 
of four and three-fourths miles per day. 

The Ninth Regiment of Ohio Volunteers was composed of 
the “Turners” of Cincinnati. The Germans held a meeting 
in Turner Hall of that city immediately after the news of the 
fall of Fort Sumter had reached Cincinnati. Gordon Granger, 
then Captain in the United States Army, mustered the Ninth 
Ohio into the service for three months as early as April 22d, 
1861. On May 18th, it marched from Camp Harrison, near 
Cincinnati, to Camp Dennison, where it was reorganized and 
mustered into the service for three years, and was the first 
three years’ Regiment from the State of Ohio. It was a full 
German Regiment, 1035 officers and men in strength, with a 
band of 24 musicians. Robert U. McCook was its first 
Colonel. The Regiment left the State on June 16th, and 
entered Western Virginia on the 20th. It marched from 
Webster to Philippi, a distance of fifteen miles, in three 
hours. Its first engagement was at Rich Mountain, where it 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



213 



lost one killed and two wounded. After this the Regiment 
was stationed along the Potomac, performing heavy guard 
duty, one Company being detached as an outpost at Cumber- 
land, Maryland, and another at an important railroad bridge 
across the Potomac, near New Creek, West Virginia. At 
this time the Regiment was in a Brigade with the Fourth 
and Eighth Ohio Regiments, and Howe’s Battery of the 
Fourth U. S. Artillery. On the 22d of August five Com- 
panies of the Regiment were sent back to Huttousville and 
Elkwater, where, upon their arrival, they were sent to 
Frenchtown. The march was continued to Bulltown, where 
these five Companies joined the other half of the Regiment. 
Upon the concentration of our forces at Sutton, the Ninth 
Ohio moved to that place, and was assigned to the Second 
Brigade with the Twenty-eighth and Forty-seventh Ohio 
Regiments and a Company of Chicago Dragoons. In an en- 
gagement at Carnifex Ferry, near the village of Summer- 
ville, the Ninth lost two killed and eight wounded. This 
occurred September 10th. Shortly after this the Brigade, in 
which the Ninth was serving, encamped on the right bank of 
New River. During the month of October, it had frequent 
skirmishes while encamped here. 

On November 24th, the Regiment left this camp and moved 
to Louisville, Ky., where it arrived December 2d; thence it 
went to Lebanon, Ky., where it formed the Third Brigade, 
First Division, Army of the Ohio, with the Thirty-fifth Ohio 
and the Second Minnesota Regiments. The Ninth also par- 
ticipated in the battle of Mill Springs, where it made a charge, 
completely routing the enemy. The patriotic ladies of Louis- 
ville, on its arrival there after the battle, presented the Regi- 
ment with a beautiful flag as a reward for its gallantry at 
Mill Springs. It was at Shiloh, but arrived too late to par- 
ticipate in the battle. 

On the 22d of June the Regiment marched to Tuscumbia, 
Alabama. While there it was presented with another flag by 
the city of Cincinnati. 



214 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

On July 27th, 1862, the Regiment moved in the direction 
of Decherd, and while on the march its former Colonel and 
Brigade commander, Robert E. McCook, who had been pro- 
moted to a Brigadier-General, was shot by guerrillas while 
sick in an ambulance. Gustavus Kaemmerling became the 
Colonel. The Regiment was at the battle of Perryville, but 
sustained only a small loss. 

The Regiment participated in the movement on Hoover’s 
Gap, and, 011 the 29th of June, led a large reconnoitering 
party within a few miles of Tullahoma. In the movement 
over the Cumberland Mountains and across the Tennessee 
River, the Regiment bore a conspicuous part. In Brannan’s 
Division and Van Derveer’s Brigade, with the Thirty-fifth 
Ohio, Second Minnesota and Eighty-seventh Indiana, the 
Ninth Ohio entered the battle of Chickamauga. It was 
made famous at this battle by the charge it made for the re- 
capture of the Battery of the Regular Brigade of Baird’s 
Division, which was taken by the Confederates. At the be- 
ginning of the battle, the Regiment was guarding an ammu- 
nition train, but by a forced march was enabled to get up in 
time for taking a conspicuous part in the battle. It made 
charges with the bayonet on both days. Its loss at Chick- 
amauga was very heavy. It went into action with 500 men, 
and lost in killed, wounded and missing, eleven officers and 
two hundred and thirty-seven enlisted men. 

After the battle of Chickamauga, the Ninth Ohio joined 
our Brigade, and it remained with us until the expiration of 
its term of service. With our Brigade it was in the assault 
on Missionary Ridge, losing fourteen in killed, wounded and 
missing. Together with the One-hundred and first Indiana, 
of our Brigade, the Ninth Ohio repulsed a greatly superior 
number of the enemy, as many as three times, at Tunnell 
Hill. In these engagements it lost two killed and twelve 
wounded. 

The term of service of the Ninth Ohio expired on May 
27th, 1864, while on the Atlanta campaign. It immediately 
left thereafter for Cincinnati. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



215 



During- its term of service, the Ninth Ohio lost in killed 6 
officers and 85 men, and 2 officers and 60 men by disease. It 
was mustered out of service at Camp Dennison, on June 7th, 
1864. It was one of the famous German Regiments of the 
war. It was made up of the very best German Turners of 
Cincinnati. No less a German than the heroic General 
August Willich, was at one time a private in the Regiment. 

The Thirty-fifth Regiment of Ohio Volunteers was re- 
cruited in the counties of Warren, Montgomery, Preble, and 
Butler, and was organized at Hamilton, Ohio, during the 
months of August and September, 1861. Its Colonel was 
Ferdinand Van Derveer, who was promoted to Brigadier- 
General for the prompt, judicious and brave way he distin- 
guished himself on many battle fields. 

On September 26th, 1861, the Regiment left Hamilton, 
and moved to Covington, Ky., where it was ordered by Gen- 
eral O. M. Mitchell to be distributed at all the bridges along 
the Kentucky Central Railroad in Harrison and Bourbon 
counties as guards, with regimental headquarters at Cyn- 
thiana. Afterwards the Regiment was removed to Paris, in 
Bourbon county, where it remained until the first week of 
December, when it marched to Somerset, and reported for 
duty to Brig. -Gen. Schoepffi At Somerset the Regiment was 
brigaded with the Ninth Ohio, Second Minnesota, and the 
Eighteenth Regulars, under Colonel Robert L. McCook, re- 
maining with the two former Regiments during its whole 
term of service. It left Somerset for Eouisville, thence to 
Nashville, and with Buell’s army to Pittsburg Landing. 

The Thirty-fifth participated in several skirmishes during 
the siege of Corinth. It marched to Tuscumbia, Alabama, 
after the siege of Corinth, and on the last of July to Win- 
chester, Tennessee. On this march the Brigade commander, 
General McCook, sick in an ambulance, was assassinated by 
Confederate guerrillas near New Market. The Regiment 
was on the Buell and Bragg “foot race” for Louisville. It 
bore an honorable part in the fight at Perryville and pursuit 



216 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

of Bragg to Crab Orchard. After Buell was superseded by 
Rosecrans, its Division, then under General Fry, was sent to 
Bowling Green, and thence to Gallatin. 

In February, 1863, Colonel Van Derveer assumed command 
of the Brigade, and Lieut. -Colonel Long commanded the 
Regiment. Throughout the Tullahoma and Chickamauga 
campaigns, the Regiment was in the front of the marching 
and fighting. O11 July 13th, 1863, Lieut. -Colonel Long re- 
signed, and Major H. V. N. Boynton was promoted to the 
vacancy. Colonel Boynton was always conspicuous in every 
battle of the Regiment for the gallantry and skill with which 
he managed his men. 

In the battle of Chickamauga, the Regiment lost fifty per 
cent, of the number engaged; scarcely a man escaped being 
killed or wounded. It was in Brannan’s Division, Van 
Derveer’s Brigade, the casualties in the Division and Brigade 
at Chickamauga being very large. 

After entering Chattanooga, the Regiment with its Brigade 
joined our Brigade, and its history to the end of its term of 
service is the same as the history of our (Seventy-fifth) Regi- 
ment. At Missionary Ridge, the Regiment was in the front 
line, capturing three pieces of Artillery, and losing 30 men in 
killed and wounded. 

On February 22d, 1864, the Regiment was in the skirmish 
at Buzzard’s Roost, near Dalton, after which it was stationed 
at Ringgold, Ga., until the opening of the campaign against 
Atlanta. It was with our Brigade from the beginning of 
Sherman’s operations against Atlanta to the expiration of its 
term of service, which occurred near Atlanta. On this cam- 
paign, the Regiment lost 14 in killed and wounded; among 
the slain was Captain Lewis F. Dougherty, killed July 20th, 
1864. The Regiment was mustered out at Chattanooga in 
August, 1864. The Thirty-fifth Ohio was a fine Regiment 
with brave and accomplished officers. It never turned its 
face from the foe, nor was it ever driven from a battle field. 

The following are the Brigades and Regiments of our 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 217 



Division, together with their respective commanders at the 
reorganization of the Corps: 



THIRD DIVISION. 
Brier. Gen. Absalom Baird. 



First Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. John B. Turchin. 

826. Indiana, Capt. William C. Stine- 
back. 

nth Ohio, Lieut. Col. Ogden Street. 

17th Ohio, Capt. James W. Stinch- 
comb. 

31st Ohio, Maj. John W. Free. 

36th Ohio, Lieut.Col. Hiram F. Devol. 

89th Ohio, Capt. John H. Jolly. 

92d Ohio, Capt. John C. Morrow. 

Second Brigade. 

Col. Ferdinand Van Derveer. 

75th Indiana, Lieut. Col. William 
O’Brien. 

87th Indiana, Capt. Richard C. 
Sabin. 

101st Indiana, Maj. GeorgeW. Steele. 

2d Minnesota, Lieut. Col. Judson 
W. Bishop. 

9th Ohio, Col. Gustave Kaemmer- 
ling. 

35th Ohio, Capt. Samuel L’Homme- 
dieu. 

105th Ohio, Lieut. Col. William R. 
Tolies. 



Third Brigadt. 

Col. William H. Hays. 

74th Indiana, Lieut. Col. Myron 
Baker. 

4th Kentucky, Maj. Robert M. 
Kelly. 

10th Kentucky, Capt. Israel B. Web- 
ster. 

18th Kentucky, Lieut. Col. Hubbard 
K. Milward. 

14th Ohio,* Maj. John W. Wilson. 
38th Ohio,* Lieut. Col. William A. 
Choate. 

Artillery. 

Capt. George R. Swallow. 
Indiana Light, 7th Battery, Lieut. 
George M. Repp. 

Indiana Light, 19th Battery, Lieut. 

William P. Stackhouse. 

4th United States, Battery I, Lieut. 
George B. Rodney. 



The First Brigade of our old (Fourth) Division under Col. 
John T. Wilder, was by special Field Order transferred to the 
Cavalry. 

Early in October, General Halleck ordered to Chattanooga 
the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps from the Army of the Potomac 
to reinforce our beleaguered army. These troops were under 
Major-Gen. Joseph Hooker, with Major-Gens. O. O. Howard 



* On Veteran Furlough. 



1 5 



2l8 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



and H. W. Slocum, as Corps commanders. The Corps occu- 
pied positions along the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, 
without giving immediate relief to the Army of the Cumber- 
land in Chattanooga. General Grant says: “ It would have 
been folly to send them to Chattanooga to help eat up the few 
rations left there.” The fact that these forces were so near 
us, however, was some encouragement, which together with 
our starving condition, was a stimulus to greater activity on 
our part for the origination of some relief measures. 

On the 19th of October, just when Gen. Rosecrans had 
given orders to his Chief Engineer, Brig. -Gen. William F. 
Smith, for the opening of the river at Williams’ Island and 
for the establishment of store-houses there, he was relieved of 
the command of the Army of the Cumberland. This ended 
our connection with General Rosecrans. About this time — 
October the 18th — the Military Division of the Mississippi 
was created by President Lincoln, who assigned Major-Gen. 
U. S. Grant as its commander; and the Army of the Cum- 
berland composed the Fourth, Eleventh, Twelfth, and Four- 
teenth Corps with three Divisions of Cavalry; and in com- 
pliance with orders from the War Department, the great com- 
mander of our Corps, Major-Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, was put 
in command of the Army of the Cumberland. General Grant 
was to come to Chattanooga and take personal supervision 
over the National armies concentrating there. He reached 
Chattanooga on the 23d of October. General John M. Palmer 
was assigned to the command of the Fourteenth Corps, and 
General Charles Cruft to that of the First Division, Fourth 
Corps. 

The great problem for solution now was that of supplying 
the Army at Chattanooga with rations, as will be seen from 
the following dispatch of General Grant, (prior to his arrival) 
to General Thomas; and the reply of Thomas in which is 
portrayed the imperturbability of a stoic: 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



219 



I/OUisv i eee, October 19, 1863: 11.30 p. m. 

Major- Generae Thomas : 

Hold Chattanooga at all hazards. I will be there as soon as possible. 
Please inform me how long your present supplies will last, and the prospect 
for keeping them up. 

U. S. GRANT, 
Major- General. 

Chattanooga, Tenn., October 19, 1863. 

Major- Generae Grant : 

Two hundred and four thousand four hundred and sixty-two rations in 
store-houses ; ninety thousand to arrive to morrow, and all the trains were 
loaded which had arrived at Bridgeport up to the 16th — probably three hun- 
dred wagons. I will hold the town till we starve. 

G. H. THOMAS, 
Major-General. 

In his comment after the war upon the above dispatches, 
General Grant says: “ I telegraphed to Thomas that he must 
hold Chattanooga at all hazards, informing him at the same 
time that I would be at the front as soon as possible. A 
prompt reply was received from Thomas saying: “We will 
hold the town till we starve.” I appreciated the force of 
this dispatch later, when I witnessed the condition of affairs 
which prompted it. It looked, indeed, as if but two courses 
were open; one to starve, the other to surrender or be cap- 
tured.” 

Prior to his departure from the army, the plan proposed by 
General Rosecrans for placing two Brigades of troops at 
Brown’s Ferry, on the left bank of the river, as the prelim- 
inary movement in opening the river, and producing 
thereby a shorter road to Bridgeport, was approved by Gen- 
eral Grant on his arrival, and lie ordered its execution at 
once ; preparations for which had already been made. 
Brown’s Ferry is a crossing of the Tennessee River at the 
narrowest part of Moccasin Point, opposite Chattanooga. It 
opens the road through a narrow gorge into Rookout Valley. 
All along here the Confederates were in possession, and 
could interrupt transportation of supplies by both the river 



220 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

and railroad running along the south side of the river. Sup- 
plies for the army from the north side of the river had to be 
transported many miles over rough roads beset with the 
enemy. It was a desperate necessity that the enemy should 
be driven from this point. 

General Hooker was commanded by General Thomas to 
leave a Division of one of his Corps to guard the railroad 
from Murfreesborough to Bridgeport, and with the rest of his 
troops to concentrate at Bridgeport to be in readiness to cross 
the river and to move upon Rankin’s and Brown’s Ferries. 
He was thus to co operate with the movement of the two 
Brigades from Chattanooga. Palmer, with troops from his 
(Fourteenth) Corps, was also directed to advance on the north 
side of the Tennessee River and co-operate with the troops at 
Brown’s Ferry. 

The two Brigades selected for this expedition to Brown’s 
Ferry from Chattanooga were Hazen’s Brigade of Wood’s 
Division of the Fourth Corps, and Turchin’s Brigade of our 
(Baird’s) Division of the Fourteenth Corps. They were to 
be under the special supervision of Brig. -Gen. William F. 
Smith, Chief Engineer of the Army of the Cumberland. 
Accordingly during the early morning of October the 27th — 
before the break of day — Hazen floated noiselessly down the 
river in pontoon boats, and Turchin crossed the river on a 
pontoon bridge opposite the valley, bivouacking near Brown’s 
Ferry in the woods. It was moonlight, but a mist hung like 
a silvery curtain along the river, which made the movement 
imperceptible to the Confederates. They could be heard and 
seen by us, however, on the opposite bank. When both Bri- 
gades landed at the Ferry they had a brisk fight, but drove 
the enemy away, and took firm hold of the hills in the im- 
mediate vicinity, where they constructed breastworks and 
abatis. The perilous expedition was a complete success, and 
reflected great credit upon the two Brigades engaged in it. 
Our forces lost 38 in killed, wounded and missing. The 
enemy probably lost more. The two Brigades captured 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 221 

twenty beeves and two thousand bushels of corn. “These 
supplies, of hardly appreciable value to a large army under 
ordinary circumstances, were of considerable moment at a 
time when soldiers gladly gathered the fragments of crack- 
ers and grains of corn which fell to the ground in transfer.” 
(Van Horne’s History.) This lodgment of troops at Brown’s 
Ferry, part of whom was one of the Brigades of our Division, 
was of the utmost importance. The Hon. C. A. Dana wrote 
to the Secretary of War, Stanton, from Chattanooga at the 
time of the occurrence, that “its brilliancy cannot be over- 
■estimated. ” It opened the river within a couple of miles of 
Chattanooga, which meant an opening of a “cracker line” 
by a shorter route. 

Hooker advanced his troops at once from the vicinity of 
Bridgeport to Whitesides, and thence to Wauhatchie, in 
Lookout Valley. Here he encountered Longstreet’s Confed- 
erate Corps. A fearful encounter occurred at Wauhatchie 
during the night of the 28th, between Hooker and Long- 
street. The former lost 416 in killed, wounded and missing. 
Brig. -Gen. Geo. S. Greene, commanding a Brigade in the 
Twelfth Corps, was severely wounded in the mouth. Long- 
street probably lost more, as 1 50 of his dead were buried by 
our troops and more than 100 were captured. 

Our boats, laden with rations for the army, which had 
been kept back so long by the Batteries of the enemy on 
Lookout Mountain, could now pass around the nose of the 
mountain into Chattanooga. The wagon roads were now 
repaired from Chattanooga to Brown’s and Kelly’s Ferries, 
and the railroad from Bridgeport was put in order. Grant 
raised the siege of Chattanooga. 



CHAPTER IX. 



BATTLES AROUND CHATTANOOGA — LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN — 
MISSIONARY RIDGE. 

(NOVEMBER 23D, 24TH, 25TH, 1863.) 

The Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment was now under the 
command of General Ulysses S. Grant, the great Captain of 
the War of the Rebellion, the great leader of leaders. The 
Regiment helped to fight and win a battle under Grant, who, 
before the close of the war, commanded more men, fought 
more battles, and won more victories, than any other warrior 
of modern times. His practical military genius, stubborn 
qualities and tireless energy, won for him the enthusiastic 
homage of the Nation. 

The Confederate General Bragg, who seemed confident of 
his ability to cope with the National forces in and around 
Chattanooga with only a part of his army, detached General 
Longstreet with 20,000 Confederates of his own and a part of 
Buckner’s Corps to move against our army at Knoxville un- 
der General Burnside. In obedience to Gen. Grant’s orders, 
Sherman was hurried forward from Memphis to reinforce 
Burnside; but the latter fortified Knoxville and held Long- 
street at bay, until Grant, with parts of three armies, under 
Thomas, Hooker and Sherman, struck such sledge-hammer 
blows upon Bragg around Chattanooga, that he forever crip- 
pled the Confederate power in that region. General Bragg 
evidently misapprehended the situation of things. If he 
knew that Hooker had reinforced us with two Corps from the 
Hast, and our “cracker line ” had been opened by the lodg- 
ment of troops at Brown’s Ferry, it does seem to us that he 
would not have sent away into East Tennessee nearly half of 
his army, under his ablest Lieutenant. Whether he under- 

(222) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 223 

stood the situation or not, Bragg made a great mistake, of 
which he was often capable. 

When Grant became aware of the movements of Long- 
street, he became exceedingly anxious for Gen. Thomas to 
begin an attack upon Missionary Ridge, so as to recall, if 
possible, Longstreet, and retain in front of Chattanooga the 
balance of Bragg’s forces ; for Burnside’s position was ex- 
tremely critical. The Army of the Cumberland, however, 
was not in a condition at that time to assume the offensive. 
After consultation with General Thomas and others, Grant 
was satisfied to await the arrival of Sherman with his Corps. 

Grant had now parts of three armies in and around Chatta- 
nooga ; the Army of the Cumberland in the command of 
General Thomas, the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps under 
General Hooker, and the Fifteenth and part of the Seven- 
teenth Corps under General Sherman. Hooker’s and Sher- 
man’s troops concentrated about Chattanooga to reinforce 
the Army of the Cumberland, and to assist in driving Bragg 
from his elevated position around the town, and to give relief 
to Burnside at Knoxville, all of which was accomplished. 
While we were busy getting into shape for an aggressive 
campaign against our old enemy, Grant was maturing a plan 
for the movement. 

For the accomplishment of raising the siege of Chatta- 
nooga, and of hurling Bragg from his lofty battlements on 
Lookout Mountain, Grant’s plan was to divide his troops into 
two wings with a centre. He threw the forces under Sher- 
man, on the left wing, across the South Chickamauga Creek, 
to take the northern extremity of Missionary Ridge as far as 
the railroad tunnel and hold it. This movement would 
threaten Bragg’s rear from his right flank and endanger his 
base of supplies at Chickamauga station. Bragg would 
thereby be compelled to weaken his battle line in our front, 
or leave his base unprotected. The two Corps under Hooker 
formed the right wing. They were to scale Lookout Moun- 
tain from Lookout Valley and descend into Chattanooga 



224 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Valley, move rapidly to Rossville at the southern extremity 
of Missionary Ridge, form line of battle across the southern 
end of the Ridge, with their front facing towards the north. 
Bragg’s rear would thereby be threatened from his left flank. 
The Army of the Cumberland under Thomas formed the 
centre line fronting the rocky face of Missionary Ridge, the 
left resting on Citico Creek and the right on Chattanooga 
Creek, with Chattanooga town a mile in the rear. Whilst 
Sherman and Hooker were pushing their troops against the 
flanks of Bragg, thus compelling him to weaken his line 
confronting the Army of the Cumberland, Thomas with the 
latter army was to assault the Ridge from the centre. Owing 
to many contingencies, which are unnecessary to mention 
here, this plan in its entirety was not brought into execution ; 
but the main features of it were carried out. 

The report now came to General Grant from deserters that 
Buckner’s Corps of Bragg’s army was evacuating the Ridge 
in front of Thomas, and being sent as a reinforcement to 
Longstreet, who had previously gone to attack Burnside. 
To clearly ascertain the truth or falsity of this report, Grant 
ordered Thomas on the 23d of November to make a demon- 
stration in his front, to feel the strength and develop the lines 
of the enemy. This was a very important move. A Di- 
vision of Confederates under Buckner, except Reynolds’ 
Brigade, had gone to Dongstreet, and but for this movement 
of Thomas, other troops of Bragg’s army doubtless would 
have gone; and Burnside, for whose safety much anxiety was 
manifested at the seat of Government, might have been de- 
feated. 

Accordingly, Thomas ordered Wood’s Division of the 
Fourth Corps, supported by Sheridan’s Division of the same 
Corps, and our Division (Baird’s) of the Fourteenth Corps, to 
advance immediately in front of Fort Wood. This advance, 
which occurred about 2 p. m. on Monday, 23d, was a mag- 
nificent pageant in view of both armies. The Confederates 
watched the movement from their picket lines, rifle-pits on 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



225 



the side, and from the summit of Missionary Ridge, five 
hundred feet above, and actually imagined it to be a review, 
so openly, so deliberately and with such precise order was it 
done. But when they saw the blue columns of Federal 
troops rapidly and steadily and defiantly pushing towards 
them under cover of the twenty-two pieces of Artillery in 
Fort Wood— a fortified elevation to the east of Chattanooga 
— they awoke to the reality of a battle. Nearly half way be- 
tween Fort Wood and Missionary Ridge are two hills at the 
base of which runs Citico Creek. The larger of these hills is 
called Orchard Knob, a redoubt at that time heavily manned 
by the Confederates; and upon its crest and along its base a 
Confederate advance line of rifle-pits was extended. Our 
columns drove these pickets before them, then their reserves 
and guards stationed in these rifle-pits, and captured over 200 
prisoners, before the enemy came to a realization of what we 
were doing, so as to send reinforcements against us. In this 
dash, Wood’s Division, which was in the advance, lost 125 
men in killed and wounded. The supporting Divisions lost 
none. The position, being a good one, was extensively 
fortified, and Captain Bridges’ Illinois Battery was placed in 
position on the Knob during the night. This was the com- 
pletion of the first act in the drama of the battle. It ended 
the fighting for the first day. 

On the same date — 23d — General Sherman, with two Divis- 
ions of the Fifteenth Corps under General Blair, and the 
Second Division of the Seventeenth Corps under General J. 
E. Smith, and the Second Division of the Fourteenth Corps 
under General Davis, and the Eleventh Corps under General 
Howard, was lying behind the hills on the north shore of the 
Tennessee River opposite the mouth of Chickamauga Creek. 
In the morning of the 24th, he transported 8000 of his men 
across to the south side of the river on pontoons and by 
steamboat, where he fortified his position, and by noon of the 
same day his whole force was over. He was to assault and 
carry the northern extremity of Missionary Ridge on that 



226 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

day, as far as the railroad tunnel, but it was not done. He 
took by assault what he supposed to be the northern end of 
the Ridge, but it was not as far as the tunnel. It was neces- 
sary for Grant to await until Sherman could carry out his 
part of the great plan, before the cooperative movement of 
Thomas with Sherman and Hooker could be accomplished. 
Hence Thomas had nothing to do but to await on Sherman 
and Hooker. These two latter Generals on the right and left 
were to carry out their orders, so that all might be prepared 
for the great blow to be given Bragg’s centre on Missionary 
Ridge. 

By 4 o’clock on Tuesday morning, 24th, Hooker’s column 
was astir. He had under him the Twelfth Corps, General 
Slocum commanding, the First Division of the Fourth Corps, 
General Cruft in command, First Brigade, First Division of 
the Fourteenth Corps, General Carlin in command, and the 
First Division of the Fifteenth Corps under General Osterhaus. 
Hooker’s orders were to engage the Confederates holding 
Lookout Mountain, and if the opportunity came, to take it. 
By 2 p. m. he moved his columns up the steep acclivity of 
the mountain as far as the white (Craven’s) house 011 the load 
leading down the mountain into Chattanooga Valley. He 
continued to advance with heavy skirmishing, until he 
reached the top of the mountain about 10 o’clock in the 
night of the same day. It was a wonderful achievement, and 
won for “Fighting Joe Hooker,” and the men under him, 
eternal fame by this audacious assault on Lookout Mountain, 
known in history and song as “the Battle above the Clouds.” 
Before the dawn of the morning of the 25th, Hooker sent a 
small detachment of soldiers to unfurl the Stars and Stripes 
upon the top of the mountain. This squad was from the 
Eighth Kentucky Regiment, in command of Captain Wilson. 
On the morning of the 25th, as those of us lying in the valley 
watched the long irregular roll of bunting rising by irregular 
jerks, as it appeared far above the mist hovering at the base 
of the mountain, we knew Hooker had completed his victory. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 22 7 

Half way up the tall staff a vigorous shake was given the flag 
by means of the halyards, and then it was slowly hoisted. 
Instantly the brisk breeze of the mountain caught and un- 
folded the heavy breadths of the flag, wet with the fog and 
mist of the night before, to the gaze of thousands of soldiers 
below. The effect was inspiring. Cheer after cheer from 
the throats of 20,000 men went up the mountain side from 
those in the valley. The impressions of this sight are hid 
away in the inner chamber of the writer’s soul, never to be 
forgotten. The night also of the 24th of November will 
ever be memorable to the troops of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, as they saw from the valley the long lines of fires of 
Hooker on the right and Sherman on the left. 

On the 25th Hooker crossed the Chattanooga Valley to 
Rossville, in pursuit of the fleeing Confederates. It was appar- 
ent that their left flank was turned, and their forces, which 
had occupied Lookout Mountain and Chattanooga Valley, 
were withdrawn to Missionary Ridge. Hooker was now at 
the southern end of the Ridge, having performed his part of 
the programme of the battle. 

The morning of the 25th of November, 1863, was clear and 
bright, and so it continued all day. Sherman began the bat- 
tle of this day early in the morning by an independent dash. 
Corse’s Brigade of Ewing’s Division of the Fifteenth Corps 
led the assault. Sherman assaulted again and again Bragg’s 
position on our left, but it was evident that the latter General 
determined to hold his right flank at all hazards. He sent 
Cheatham’s and Stevenson’s Divisions, which had been 
driven from Lookout Mountain by Hooker, to reinforce his 
right flank. Sherman pounded away on this flank of the 
enemy until noon, first by Corse’s Brigade, then by the Divi- 
sion of John E. Smith, then by Howard’s Corps, without 
securing his contemplated position on the hill at the railroad 
tunnel. Generals Grant and Thomas, from their position for 
observation on Orchard Knob, where the movements of both 
opposing armies were visible, discovered General Sherman’s 



228 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

advance and repulse. Grant thereupon ordered Thomas to 
reinforce Sherman with a Division from the Army of the 
Cumberland. Our Division (Baird’s) was lying in line of 
battle to the right of Orchard Knob, forming at that time the 
extreme right of the Army of the Cumberland. We were 
near Chattanooga Creek. Ours was probably the nearest 
Division at hand. General Thomas selected our Division 
for the performance of this duty. We moved out of line, as 
ordered, about io^ a. in., and swept across the plateau of the 
Valley, like a whirlwind, to go to Sherman, who was hotly 
fighting on the extreme left in the vicinity of the tunnel. 
To reach the position expected of us, we had to march a dis- 
tance of several miles along the south bank of the Tennessee 
River, in plain view of the enemy. It was another grand 
military pageantry to the eyes of all who witnessed it. We 
had scarcely reached the nearest of Sherman’s troops, how- 
ever, until we received orders to return in the direction of 
the centre and take position on the extreme left of the battle 
line forming the centre — the left-centre of Grant’s battle line. 
We reached our new position here about 2:30 o’clock in the 
afternoon. We were ordered here to partially fill the gap 
that existed between Granger’s Corps and Sherman’s troops. 
This movement of our Division from the right-centre to the 
left-centre, in open view of the enemy, induced Bragg to 
mass his troops in that direction. Staff-officers and orderlies 
were plainly seen coming to and going from Bragg’s head- 
quarters, and long lines of troops in gray uniform were no- 
ticed moving northward along the crest of Missionary Ridge. 

Lookout had fallen to Hooker’s troops, and his columns 
having swept over Chattanooga Valley, were upon the south- 
ern extremity of the Ridge, dealing blows right and left. The 
report of the casualties in Hooker’s command, including the 
battles of Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge and Ring- 
gold, gives 159 killed, 877 wounded and 48 missing, making 
a total of 1084. 

Sherman had carried out his part of the great plan for the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



229 



battles, except the capture of the hill at the railroad tunnel, 
for which he unsuccessfully battled like a giant. He esti- 
mated his casualties at 275 killed, 1422 wounded and 292 
missing, making a total loss of 1989. In this estimate Gen- 
eral Sherman includes the loss in the Division of Osterhaus 
of the Fifteenth Corps, which General Hooker also gives in 
his report. This would reduce Sherman’s total loss to 1493. 
Among the killed of Sherman’s troops were three Colonels, a 
Lieutenant-Colonel and a Major. Among the wounded were 
Brig. -Gens. Giles A. Smith, John M. Corse, and Charles A. 
Matthies, commanding Brigades. 

The hour and opportunity had now come for the Army of 
the Cumberland to perform its part of the w r ork. The sun 
was rapidly sinking behind the hills, and the Confederates 
still defiantly occupied the slopes and crest of the Ridge. If 
we were to have a hand in this great game of war on the 
Ridge, we must begin it soon. 

Cruft’s Division of the Fourth Corps was yet with Hooker, 
and Davis’ Division of the Fourteenth Corps was yet with 
Sherman. Sheridan’s and Wood’s Divisions of the Fourth 
Corps, and Johnson’s and Baird’s Divisions of the Fourteenth 
Corps, except Starkweather’s Brigade of Johnson’s Division, 
constituted Grant’s centre, in command of Thomas. General 
Granger was in command of the two Divisions of the Fourth, 
and General Palmer of the two of the Fourteenth Corps. 

The centre line as now forrped from left to right by Divi- 
sions was in the following order: Baird’s, Wood’s, Sheridan’s 
and Johnson’s. The Brigades of these Divisions ran from 
left to right in the following order : Phelps’, Van Derveer’s 
and Turchin’s, of Baird’s ; Beatty’s, Willich’s and Hazen’s, 
of Wood’s ; Wagner’s, Harker’s and Sherman’s, of Sheri- 
dan’s ; and Stoughton’s and Carlin’s, of Johnson’s. Our 
Division, forming, as it did, the left centre of the army under 
Grant, occupied the space between the troops of Sherman on 
the left and Wood’s, of the Fourth Corps, on the right. 
There was considerable space, however, unoccupied between 



230 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 





of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



231 



us and Sherman. Our Brigade (Van Derveer’s) formed the 
centre of our Division. The whole line of the Army of the 
Cumberland was to advance with a double line of skirmishers 
covering the battle front. The Second Minnesota Regiment 
of our Brigade was deployed as skirmishers in front of the 
Brigade. This Regiment was formed into two skirmish 
lines — the first, composed of two Companies, was in command 
of Captain Uline, and the second, consisting of the remain- 
der of the Regiment, following closely, was commanded by 
Lieutenant-Col. Bishop. The Brigade also advanced in two 
lines of battle. The Eighty-seventh Indiana was on the 
right and the One-hundred and first Indiana was on the 
left, while the Thirty-fifth Ohio was in the centre of the first 
line. The Seventy-fifth Indiana formed the right flank, the 
Ninth Ohio the centre, and .the One-hundred and fifth Ohio 
the left flank of the second line. The order in which our 
Brigade advanced in the charge may be represented in this 
way : 

1st line. 

Left. 

2d line. 

1st line. 

-S i Left. 

2d line. 

The first skirmish line of our Brigade was placed about one 
hundred and fifty yards in advance of the second, and the 
double lines of battle of the six Regiments — three from In- 
diana and three from Ohio — were put about three hundred 
yards in rear of the skirmishers. 

The ground, over which our Brigade was to advance before 
reaching the enemy’s rifle-pits, was undulating — forming a 
gradual succession of elevations and depressions to the foot of 



•*-» c n 

s % 
£ S 

to 



DIAGRAM. 



Two Companies 2d Minn, under Capt. Uline. Right. 



Eight Companies 2d Minn . under Lt.Col. Bishop. 



ioistlnd. 35th Ohio. 

105th Ohio. 9th Ohio. 



87th Ind. Right. 

7^^Sh 



232 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Missionary Ridge, which was a distance of about one mile 
and a half from our point of starting. About a mile in our 
front was a clump of woods, partly concealing from the enemy 
our lines of battle. Beyond this woods was a cleared field, 
which gradually descended to a little stream, and then as- 
cended until it formed a crest of a ridge, running parallel to 
Missionary Ridge. This ridge was about a quarter of a mile 
from the base of Missionary Ridge. A barricade of logs 
formed the first line of intrenchments along the crest of this 
little ridge, behind which lay in concealment the Confederate 
skirmish line. The ground from this point to the base of 
Missionary Ridge descended for a considerable distance, 
when, with an increasing abruptness, it arose to a height of 
several hundred feet to its crest. Upon this ground the Con- 
federates had an encampment. They had cut down some of 
the trees of the woods, out of which they constructed their 
huts and breastworks. Stretching along the crest of Mis- 
sionary Ridge was a second line of intrenchments, built of 
logs, behind which the main body of Bragg’s army, on the 
Ridge, lay. Artillery, strongly supported by Infantry, was 
planted all along the crest in sections of two guns each on 
the prominent knolls, about one hundred and fifty yards 
apart. The Batteries occupied such positions as to command 
a full sweep of a direct and enfilade fire upon the ground over 
which our Brigade was ordered to advance. 

The Confederates in the immediate front of the four Divi- 
sions of the Army of the Cumberland were Hindman’s Divi- 
sion of Breckinridge’s Corps, commanded by Brig. -Gen. 
Patton Anderson, and Breckinridge’s Division, commanded 
by Brig. -Gen. W. B. Bate. The troops of Patton Anderson 
confronted our Division in scaling the Ridge, and Cheatham’s 
Division, of Hardee’s Corps, fought our Division on the 
summit. 

Our Batteries from Orchard Knob gave us the signal for 
the assault by the firing of six cannon shots in rapid succes- 
sion. When all were in readiness and eager to go, at 3.30 p. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



233 



111. the signal mins were fired; and with the roar of the last 
gun, our four Divisions, embracing about 20,000 men, sprang 
to their feet and pushed out towards the Ridge. 

In the order designated, the Regiments of our Brigade 
moved upon the assault for a mile without any opposition. 
The Second Minnesota owned several dogs during the great 
siege at Chattanooga, and as t he Companies of the Regiment 
deployed, we could see these dogs running in front of the 
lines of skirmishers upon a hunt for game. As soon as our 
skirmish lines emerged from the clump of woods into the 
cleared field beyond, the Confederate skirmishers from behind 
their breastworks and their Batteries on the crest of Mission- 
ary Ridge opened fire, which made the dogs of the Minnesota 
boys scatter in every direction. 

Our battle lines in the order of starting steadily and per- 
sistently pushed on in the direction of the Ridge, until the 
first line of Confederate rifle-pits was reached by the Second 
Minnesota, who put the occupants to flight, and captured 
fourteen prisoners. Like a prairie fire we swept over the 
rough and rolling ground in front of the Ridge. The tem- 
pest now broke upon us in all its fury. From base to crest 
Missionary Ridge appeared like a breathing, seething vol- 
cano, shooting out liquid fire and volumes of smoke. In a 
few minutes after the seizure of these rifle-pits by our skirm- 
ishers, the battle lines of the Brigade emerged from the copse 
of woods where we were concealed, and reformed for the assault 
•of the Ridge, when all the lines seemingly merged into one. 

As the four Divisions began to ascend the rugged side of 
the Ridge, as many as fifty Confederate cannon opened along 
the crest upon us — grape and canister, shot and shell, ploughed 
the ground with iron and crimsoned it with the blood of our 
heroic dead and wounded. The great Federal siege guns in 
the forts of Chattanooga roared above the smaller Batteries 
and muskets in the valley, sending forth their lightning mes- 
sengers of death over the heads of our assaulting columns. 
There never was witnessed a sublimer spectacle. 

16 



234 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 




DIVISION IN THE CHARGE AT MISSIONARY RIDGE, NOV. 25TH, 1863, 
[From a picture drawn at the time by a member of the Division. } 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



235 



This advance was so thrilling and inspiring to General 
Howard, who had recently come from the East, where he had 
often seen troops go into action, that he exclaimed to an offi- 
cer, as they both stood upon the parapet of Fort Wood, look- 
ing out upon the scene: “Why, this is magnificent! Is this 
the way you Western troops go into action?” 

The final charge that planted the Stars and Stripes upon 
the crest of Missionary Ridge on Wednesday evening, No- 
vember 25th, 1863, will always be unique and different 
from any other charge in history, in that it was made with- 
out orders by a brave soldiery, whose intelligence saw the 
opportunity and assumed the reponsibility, and to whom only 
the credit of success is due. After the two lines had ad- 
vanced to the rifle-pits at the foot of the Ridge, as ordered, 
they merged into one line by the soldiers themselves, a fight- 
ing line, disorganized and without orders, each man of both 
old lines doing the best he could, such a line as only could 
have gone up the Ridge to the top. At such a time, the 
main object was to get there, and stay there, and drive the 
Confederates from the top of the Ridge and take their cannon 
and many of themselves prisoners. This is what these Regi- 
ments of the four Divisions did, and where they went and 
stayed. 

Van Horne’s History of the Army of the Cumberland says : 
“Having executed their orders to the utmost requirement, 
holding the enemy’s lowerdefenses, the four Divisions stood 
under his batteries, while the troops they had routed threw’ 
themselves behind the stronger intrenchments on the summit. 
General Bragg’s right flank had not been turned as first pro- 
posed, and General Hooker’s attack on his left, though suc- 
cessful, was too remote to affect immediately the central 
contest. To stand still was death ; to fall back was not com- 
passed by orders, and w^as forbidden by every impulse of the 
brave men, who, with no stragglers to mar the symmetry of 
their line or make scarcely a single exception to universal 
gallantry, had moved so boldly and so successfully upon the 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 



236 

foe. There are occasionally moments in battle when brave 
men -do not need commanders, and this was one. The 
enemy held a position of wonderful strength several hundred 
feet above them. He had two lines in one behind earth- 
works, where nature had provided a fortress. These men, 
however, did not stop to consider the enemy’s position or 
strength, but from a common impulse of patriotism and the 
inspiration of partial success, leaped forward and dashed up 
the hill. The color-bearers sprang to the front, and as one 
fell, another bore the flag aloft and onward, followed by their 
gallant comrades, not in line, but in snch masses as enabled 
them to avail themselves of easier ascent or partial cover. 
They advanced without firing, though receiving a most de- 
structive fire of artillery and musketry, from base to summit. 
The officers of all grades caught the spirit of the men, and 
so eager were men and officers throughout the line, that the 
crest was reached and carried at six different points almost at 
the same time. The enemy was hurled from position with 
wonderful quickness ; his artillery was captured, and in some 
cases turned against him as he fled.” 

In his report Grant says of the charge: 

“Thomas was accordingly directed to move forward his troops, constitut- 
ing our center, Baird’s division (Fourteenth Corps), Wood’s and Sheridan’s 
divisions (Fourth Corps), and Johnson’s division (Fourteenth Corps), with a 
double line of skirmishers thrown out, followed in easy supporting distance 
by the whole force, and carry the rifle-pits at the foot of Missionary Ridge, 
and when carried to reform its lines on the rifle-pits with a view to carrying 
the top of the ridge. These troops moved forward, drove the enemy from 
the rifle-pits at the base of the ridge like bees from a hive — stopped but a 
moment until the whole were in line — and commenced the ascent of the 
mountain from right to left almost simultaneously, following closely the re- 
treating enemy, without further orders. They encountered a fearful volley 
of grape and canister from near thirty pieces of artillery and musketry from 
still well-filled rifle-pits on the summit of the ridge. Not a waver, however, 
was seen in all that long line of brave men. Their progress was steadily on- 
ward until the summit was in their possesson. In this charge the casualties 
.were remarkably few 7 for the fire encountered. I can account for this only 
on the theory that the enemy’s surprise at the audacity of such a charge 
caused confusion and purposeless aiming of their pieces. The nearness of 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 237 

night, and the enemy still resisting the advance of Thomas’ left, prevented 
a general pursuit that night, but Sheridan pushed forward to Mission Mills.” 

The commander of an army ought to know his own orders, 
especially one like Grant; but the great commander is either 
in error when he says his orders were when the rifle-pits 
were carried, “to form our lines with a view to carrying the 
top of the Ridge,” or his orders did not reach his troops 
All the commanders of the assaulting columns, Corps, Divi- 
sions and Brigades, say they received no such orders. Eveiy 
officer from a Major-General to a Colonel in the charge, who 
has written or expressed his views upon this point, declares 
that such orders were not given. Grant ordered us to pro- 
ceed to the foot of the Ridge, and was himself surprised at 
what was being done after that by the brave men of the as- 
saulting columns. Lieutenant-Colonel J. S. Fullerton, Gen- 
eral Granger’s Chief of Staff, in the Century Magazine, May, 
1887, says, that when we had arrived at the foot of the Ridge, 
“The order of the commanding general had now been fully 
and most successfully carried out. But it did not go far 
enough to satisfy these brave men, who thought the time had 
come to finish the battle of Chickamauga. There was a halt 
of but a few minutes to take breath and to reform lines; then, 
with a sudden impulse, all started up the side of the Ridge. 
Not a commanding officer had given the order to advance. 
The men who carried the muskets had taken the matter into 
their own hands, had moved of their own accord. Officers, 
catching their spirit, first followed, then led. There was no 
thought of protecting flanks, though the enemy’s line could 
be seen stretching beyond 011 either side ; there was no 
thought of support or reserves. As soon as this movement 
was seen from Orchard Knob, Grant quickly turned to 
Thomas, who stood by his side, and I heard him angrily say: 
‘ Thomas, who ordered those men up the Ridge?’ Thomas 
replied, in his usual slow, quiet manner: ‘I don’t know; I 
did not.’ Then addressing General Gordon Granger, he 
said: ‘Did you order them up, Granger?’ ‘No,’ said 



238 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Granger; ‘ they started up without orders. When those fel- 
lows get started, all hell can’t stop them.’ General Grant 
said something to the effect that somebody would suffer if it 
did not turn out well, and then turning around, stoically 
watched the Ridge. He gave no further orders.” 

At places where the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment as- 
cended, deep gullies were encountered and the slope was 
very steep. Many brush, rocks, fallen trees, decaying logs, 
and small undergrowth, formed such a net- work of entangle- 
ment that it was at times exceedingly difficult to make ad- 
vances; especially so, when we were confronted by a fearful 
fire of musketry and artillery from the top of the Ridge. 

At the very beginning of the pursuit up the acclivity of 
the Ridge, our Regiment was exposed to a galling enfilade 
fire from one of the Confederate Batteries on our left. Colonel 
Robinson ordered the Regiment by an oblique movement to 
the left, where there was a ravine through which we as- 
cended by the flank; but for this wise movement the loss of 
life in the Regiment might have been great. The Regiment 
gained the crest in ample time to participate in the final 
battle, which fiercely raged there between our Division and 
the Confederate Division under Cheatham. We learn now 
from Bragg’s report, that at the time the Ridge was scaled 
by our front line, the Confederate General Hardee was with 
Cleburne’s and Walker’s Divisions on Bragg’s extreme right, 
opposing Sherman. As Hardee heard the heavy firing to his 
left, he put Cleburne in command of the force in front of 
Sherman, and hurried himself forward in the direction of the 
sound of the firing. When he reached the position occupied 
by the Division commanded by Patton Anderson, which had 
opposed the front of Baird’s Division, he found x\nderson’s 
troops had been driven away and the crest of the Ridge was 
occupied by our Division, which was moving in line of battle 
along the crest towards the tunnel. At once, Hardee ordered 
Cheatham’s Division from its position at the tunnel, and de- 
ployed it in line directly across the crest of the Ridge, front- 



of Indiana Infantry I 'olnnteers. 



239 



ing south, so as to resist the progress of our Division. From 
Bragg’s official report the following quotation is of interest to 
11s, who made the assault on the Ridge and fought Cheatham 
and Anderson: 

About this time I learned that our extreuie lelt had also given way, and 
that my position was almost surrounded. Bate was immediately directed to 
form a second line in the rear, where, by the efforts of my staff, a nucleus of 
stragglers had been formed upon which to rally. Lieutenant-General 
Hardee, leaving Major-General Cleburne in command on the extreme right, 
moved toward the left wdien he heard the heavy firing in that directi®n. He 
reached the right of Anderson’s division just in time to find it had nearly all 
fallen back, commencing on its left, where the enemy had first crowned the 
ridge. By a prompt and judicious movement he threw 7 a portion of Cheat- 
ham’s division directly across the ridge facing the enemy, w 7 ho was now 
moving a strong force immediately on his left flank. By a decided stand 
here the enemy was entirely checked, and that portion of our force to the 
right remained intact. 

All to the left, how T ever, except a portion of Bate’s division, was entirely 
routed and in rapid flight, nearly all the artillery having been shamefully 
abandoned by its infantry support. Every effort which could be made by 
myself and staff and by many other mounted officers availed but little. A 
panic which I had never before witnessed seemed to have seized upon offi- 
cers and men, and each seemed to be struggling for his personal safety, re- 
gardless of his duty or his character. In this distressing and alarming state 
of affairs, General Bate was ordered to hold his position, covering the road 
for the retreat of Breckinridge’s command, and orders were immediately 
sent to Generals Hardee and Breckinridge to retire their forces upon the 
depot at Chickamauga. 

It was in this struggle of our Division with Cheatham’s 
Division that Col. E. H. Phelps, the heroic commander of 
the Third Brigade of our Division, was killed. He was the 
only commander above a Regiment that lost his life in the 
taking of Missionary Ridge by the Army of the Cumberland. 

Cheatham’s Confederates were trying to remove from our 
front a piece of Artillery to which two wounded horses — one 
of them a gray — were attached. Some of our boys were 
struggling to capture it. The line of battle of the rear Regi- 
ments at this moment, in our Brigade, was in a recumbent 
position. On witnessing Cheatham’s men and ours grap- 
pling for this piece of Artillery, Colonel Robinson ordered his 



240 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Regiment to arise, fix bayonets, form line of battle facing 
north, with the right wing of the Regiment extending down 
the east slope of the Ridge, and to charge along the slope of 
the Ridge in the direction of this piece of Artillery. The 
command was very promptly obeyed, and in its execution, 
the writer of this history very distinctly remembers passing 
over the Ninth Ohio Regiment lying upon the ground in 
our front. We took the cannon and the Confederates were 
brushed away. In his official report of this action, Col. Rob- 
inson says: “After advancing near the artillery it was aband- 
oned, and the force contesting my advance made a hasty re- 
treat. I claim for my Regiment the honor of having cap- 
tured this piece of artillery, while resting with my line near 
to it, and after the fighting had ceased. Some officer claim- 
ing to have authority took it away.” 

Our Brigade captured six pieces of Artillery, the Thirty- 
fifth Ohio captured three, the Second Minnesota, two, and 
the Seventy-fifth Indiana, one. Bragg’s Chief of Artillery 
reports'the loss of forty pieces. Some of the cannon cap- 
tured by our Division and Brigade were of Captain Scott’s 
Tennessee Battery, belonging to Cheatham’s Division. 

Men with less propriety than ambition often try to fill the 
measure of their ambitious designs at the expense of the glory 
of others. Some parties have been laboring hard for twenty- 
five years to make it appear that the famous charge of the 
Army of the Cumberland up the face of Missionary Ridge 
was made alone by the Divisions of Sheridan and Wood of 
the Fourth Corps, and that these two Divisions captured all 
the cannon and prisoners. Baird’s entire Division and two 
Brigades of Johnson’s Division of the Fourteenth Corps, who 
were in the assault and captured their share of the prisoners 
and cannon, are overshadowed by these parties. The Fourth 
Corps did not constitute the Army of the Cumberland, by any 
means. Even officers of high rank — like Sheridan and 
Hazen of the Fourth Corps — got into a wrangle over the cap- 
ture of these cannon. One accuses the other with misappro- 



of Indiana Infantry l olnnteers . 



241 



priation of these field-pieces, and hauling them off, when 
they did not capture them. Certain it is, on the part of cer- 
tain officers, that some very shameful and dirty work was 
done in this regard, as these accompanying reports of our 
Brigade and Division commanders will show. In his official 
report Col. Van Derveer says: 

“As my men sprang over the works the enemy’s cannoneers were caught in 
the act of loading and were bayoneted or driven off before they could fire 
their pieces. Five guns were found here in position and captured by the 
Brigade, two by the Second Minnesota and three by the Thirty-fiftli Ohio. 
The larger part of the enemy retired along the Ridge toward the left, vigor- 
ously. pursued, and driven near half a mile. For thirty minutes a very de- 
termined resistance was made by the enemy. Many of the troops of my 
command, having in the charge up the Ridge lost their Regimental organ- 
izations, were in some disorder for a short time, but all pressed toward the 
enemy. The Ninth Ohio and Seventy -fifth Indiana came up in good order, 
and were placed in line perpendicular to the Ridge and fronting the rebels. 

Darkness coming on firing ceased upon both sides, and my Brigade 
bivouacked on the crest of Missionary Ridge. After the action one other 
piece of artillery, abandoned by the enemy, was found by the Seventy-fifth 
Indiana and taken charge of. The guns that were captured by my com- 
mand were left where found, while our men pursued the enemy along the 
Ridge toward Tunnel Hill. While they were thus absent the pieces were 
hauled off to our rear by men said to belong to Brigadier-General Wood’s 
Division, which was upon the right. I saw these guns being taken toward 
the ground occupied by that Division, and upon inquiry I was informed that 
they were being taken to a position where they could be used against the 
enemy. My Brigade at the same time captured one caisson with six horses 
attached, and a limber with one pair of horses! These too were taken to 
the rear with the guns. No other troops were near this Battery when taken. 
The enemy were driven from it by my own men, and we thus lost posses- 
sion while gallantly engaging the retreating rebel force.’’ 

General Turchin, commanding the First Brigade of our 
Division, in his report, says: 

“After leaving the ridge, I do not know what became of the cannon cap- 
tured by my Brigade, but as Beatty’s Brigade, Wood’s Division, occupied the 
hill which we stormed and most of the ground to the left of it, I presume 
the guns were taken by the regiments of General Beatty’s command, and 
perhaps some by the Second Brigade of our Division. 

“The fact was that, reaching the top of the hill, we had more serious work 
to perform than to count and guard cannon. The enemy Avas in strong 



242 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

force on our left, and, until the Second and Third Brigades climed the hills 
assigned to them, all our energies were directed to fighting the enemy, and 
not to grouping and displaying systematically the captured cannon.” 

Gen. Baird, the commander of the Division, says in his re- 
port: 

“ In this movement from the point where my right gained the top to the 
extreme left, ten or twelve pieces of artillery were captured. My men found 
them in the possession of the enemy, some with strong infantry supports. 
They drove him from them and passed over them in the pursuit. One of 
these batteries was recaptured by a rally of the enemy, but again taken by 
us. The credit of capturing seven of these guns is claimed by the First Bri- 
gade, and the Second claims to have taken five. It is not impossible that 
two are the same in the claim of, each of the parties, for the men got much 
mingled together at the end of the assault, yet they may be distinct. Cer- 
tain it is that the men of the division took ten guns out of the hands of the 
enemy, and that they never returned to him. 

“While thus engaged upon the extreme left, the guns which we had cap- 
tured, and which we had left in the positions where we had found them, 
were carried off to the rear, and we have since been unable to identify them, 
individually, so as to claim them. I learn that all the guns turned over to 
the chief of artillery have been claimed by those presenting them as their 
capture, leaving none for this Division. I regret for the sake of the brave 
men who so fearlessly risked their lives in taking them that this is so, but I 
felt at the time that we had a higher duty to perform, as long as there was 
an enemy to be encountered, than that of stopping to secure trophies for ex- 
hibition after the battle. Indeed, I was not quite sure that without strenu- 
ous exertion we would be able to retain what we had already gained. In 
considering the evidence of these captures which I submit in behalf of my 
command, I trust that the general commanding will remember that the 
guns of the enemy being widely scattered along the ridge, very few in one 
spot, a Brigade or Division to have captured an unusual number must not 
only have taken possession of the works in its own front, but must have 
passed widely to the right and left along the crest before the arrival of other 
troops. The prisoners whom we captured, most of them, like the guns, 
were sent to the rear to be taken care of by others less occupied; out of more 
than 300 taken we have receipts for less than 200.” 

The following inclosure is found in General Palmer’s re- 
port, the commander of the Fourteenth Corps: 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



243 



[Inclosure No. 2.] 

Killed , Wounded and Missing in Third Division , Fourteenth Army Corps. 



Command. 


Killed. 


j Wounded. 


Missing. 


Total. 


First Brigade 


• • • • 57 


222 


4 


283 


Second Brigade 




139 


2 


163 


Third Brigade 


.... 18 


100 


! I 


119 


Total 


.... 97 


461 


7 


565 



Captures. 

1 regimental and 1 battle flag and 10 pieces of Artillery. About 200 small 
arms in good condition. 



Report of the Effective Force of the Second Brigade , Third Division , Four- 
teenth Army Corps , engaged in the Assault on Missionary Ridge on the 
25th ultimo 



Regiment. 




35th Ohio . . 
2d Minnesota 
9th Ohio . . 
87th Indiana . 
105th Ohio . . 
101st Indiana . 
75th Indiana. 

Aggregate 



12 


209 


1 221 


15 


170 


i 85 


18 


321 


339 


10 


148 


I 5 8 


15 


225 


240 


14 


210 


224 


18 


294 


312 


102 


i ,577 


1,679 



244 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 



Rkturn of Casualties. 



Killed. 



Wounded. 



Captured, 
or missing. 



<y 

Second Brigade. % 

Col. Ferdinand Van Derveer. ^ -m 

, S -2 

; £ ■ a 

o w 



75th Indiana 4 

87th Indiana 2 

101st Indiana 1 1 

2d Minnesota . 1 4 

9th Ohio 

35th Ohio 6 

105th Ohio 1 

Total Second Brigade ..... 2 1-8 



Officers. 


Enlisted Mei 


Officers. 


<u . 

oj 

to 

! ^ 


Aggregate. 

i 


. 1 


14 






19 


2 


11 






15 


4 


29 






35 


3 


3i 






39 


.2 


12 






14 


3 


19 




2 i 


30 


• • 


10 






11 


15 


126 




2 

• 1 


163 



The above official list of casualties exhibits four killed from 
our Regiment, when it should really have been seven , as three 
others were mortally wounded, and died in a few days after 
the battle — one living only two days, and another seven days 
thereafter. All the men of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regi- 
ment, who were killed and wounded in the battle, met their 
death and received their wounds upon the summit of the 
Ridge, in the severe contest with Cheatham’s Division. 
Four men of the Regiment were instantly killed. Their 
names were James Bird of C Company; Thomas Deaver of B 
Company; Richard Boyd of F Company; and Jacob Peters of 
G Company. These were gallant, faithful soldiers in the 
ranks, who, like others, deserved a better fate. Bird received 
a musket ball through the head in the thickest of the fight, 
in advance of our line. Deaver was also killed by a musket 
ball piercing his breast. Peters was perhaps the oldest man 
in the Regiment at the time he met his death. He was 56 
years old, and was shot through the bowels. The mortally 
wounded were Francis M. Bryant, Captain of C Company; 
John Arick of H Company; and Abram J. Helms of I Com- 
pany. A rick lived only two days after he received his death 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



245 



wound, dying Nov. 27th; Capt. Bryant lived seven days, 
dying Dec. 2d; and Helms lived nine days, dying Dec. 4th. 
The more or less severely wounded were Samuel Liggett, 
Peter Fulhart, and William H. Lengel of H Company; John 
J. Riggs of E Company; William H. Souders of I Company; 
Samuel S. McMahan of G Company; James L. Shinn of K 
Company; Elisha Gallimore of B Company. Fulhart was 
wounded in the mouth, the ball tearing away a part of his 
jaw-bone; and McMahan had a finger shot off. The writer 
is unable to obtain the names 
of the other four members of 
the Regiment who were 
wounded. 

Captain Frank M. Bryant 
was mortally wounded by a 
minie ball passing through 
his body whilst leading his 
Company in the charge for 
the capture of the cannon. 

Personally he was a power- 
fully built man — every inch 
a soldier. He was handsome, 
had an eagle eye, was some- 
what martial in manner, was Co ' c " Eidge ' 

full of magnetism when his 

fighting spirit was aroused, was brusque at times, but within 
had a heart that was as tender as a woman’s, and a nature 
that found its highest satisfaction in matters of refinement, 
delicacy and personal loyalty. His was a manly type of 
manhood. In him was united fearless courage with tender 
sensibility. In his official report of the battle, Col. Robinson 
says of him: “Capt. Francis M. Bryant of Company^ C, a 
brave, gallant, able and efficient officer, was mortally 
wounded.” 

Colonel Robinson closes his report with these words: 

During the seven days of arduous duty performed, as well as while en- 




CAPT. FRANCIS M. BRYANT, 



246 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



gaged ill action, my regiment— officers and men — bore themselves with that 
gallantry, forbearance, and energy becoming veteran soldiers. Their justly 
earned laurels upon more sanguinary fields did not depreciate in the action 
before Chattanooga. They met the enemy, as upon former occasions, de- 
termined to defeat him at all hazards. 

I am, your obedient servant, 

MILTON S. ROBINSON, 

Colonel , Commanding Seventy-fifth Indiana Volunteers. 

In his report Colonel F. Van Derveer speaks thus of his 
Brigade and regimental commanders: 

In this action my Brigade fully sustained the reputation it had won at 
Chickamauga. None flinched from their duty. I particularly commend 
the conduct of Colonel Kammerling, Ninth Ohio ; Colonel Robinson, 
Seventy-fifth Indiana : Colonel Gleason, Bighty-seventh Indiana ; Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Tolies, One-hundred and fifth Ohio ; Lieutenant-Colonel Doan, 
One-hundred and first Indiana ; Lieutenant-Colonel Bishop, Second Min- 
nesota, and Lieutenant- Colonel Boynton, Thirty -fifth Ohio. These officers 
discharged their duties coolly and ably. 

One of the two men killed in the Bighty-seventh Indiana 
was the young, gallant, dashing Corporal Solomon W. 
Deacon. Among the wounded in that Regiment were Lieu- 
tenants Jacob H. Leiter and Burr Russell, the latter mortally. 
Lieutenent Henry T. Waterman of the One-hundred and first 
Indiana was among the slain. In the casualties of the Thirty- 
fifth Ohio, Lieut. -Col. Henry V. Boynton, the commander 
of the Regiment, was wounded in the thigh, and Lieutenants 
Mather and Lambright of that Regiment were wounded, the 
former in the hand and leg, and the latter in the right shoul- 
der. 

The bravery of the color-bearers of the Thirty-fifth Ohio 
(Corporal Kreiger) and of the Bighty-seventh Indiana (Cor- 
poral Platt) was remarkably conspicuous in the charge. Six 
out of seven color-guards of the Second Minnesota were killed 
and wounded. 

“Battle-fields become a part of history equally with the 
story of the conflict enacted upon them. They are mapped 
in stone and steel and delineated in pen pictures, appear in 



oj Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



247 



historic narration in intimate association with the deeds of 
heroes. Not alone do the topographical features, which sug- 
gest plans of battle and dominate tactical combinations, be- 
come historic, but those also of mere grandeur and beauty, 
whenever the hosts of war commingle in deadly strife, where 
nature has been lavish of her gifts. Even the name of him 
who may, perchance, offer his humble cot for the fire of war 
to burn, or its enginery to level, has association on the his- 
toric page with him who commands an army. And in all 
that is grandly concomitant with grandest battle, Chattanooga 
is preeminent.” (Van Horne’s Hist.) 

If there be a spot of earth, on this continent, that should 
inspire an American with the tenderness and reverence asso- 
ciated with patriotism, it should be that consecrated ground 
on the banks of the Tennessee, where the dauntless Army of 
the Cumberland endured, suffered and fought in the memor- 
able fall and winter of 1863. If the ground that witnessed 
the Greek resistance to the Persians can for centuries thrill 
the world — if Thermopylae be a shrine, where the peoples of 
all the world love to reflect in memory of the immortal ranks 
that immolated themselves on the altar of patriotism — Mis- 
sionary Ridge is a God’s-acre to those who love the memory 
of heroism never surpassed in a war waged for human free- 
dom. No battle-field with its hecatombs of dead — with its 
imperishable record of undying valor — can rival the place 
where Thomas, through starvation, held in check a formid- 
able foe on the hills surrounding Chattanooga, at the same 
time maintaining the discipline of his army, when the com- 
monest needs of life were a rarity. In the coming ages, when 
men make pilgrimages to the scene of this almost superhuman 
endurance and bravery, they will need no guide to point out 
to them the field of this wondrous assault. Rust may eat 
away the cannon that were captured, and every vestige of 
the green graves and white monuments of the soldiers and 
their leaders may disappear; but there, with its granite slope, 
grim Missionary Ridge will forever stand a monument in 
commemoration of the battle. 



248 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



BATTLES AROUND CHATTANOOGA. 

Organization of the forces under command of Maj.-Gen. 
Ulysses S. Grant , U. S. Army , engaged 
in the campaign. 

ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND. 

Maj.-Gen. George H. Thomas. 

GENERAL, HEADQUARTERS. 

1st Ohio Sharpshooters, Capt. Gershom M. Barber. 

10th Ohio Infantry, Lieut. Col. William M. Ward. 



FOURTH ARMY CORPS. 

Maj.-Gen. Gordon Granger. 

FIRST DIVISION.* 

Brig. -Gen. Charfes Cruft. 

Escort. 

92d Illinois, Company E, Capt Matthew Van Buskirk. 



First Brigade. 

Coe. Thomas D. Sedgewick. 

2 1st Illinois, Capt. Chester K. 
Knight. 

3<Stli Illinois, Capt. William C. 
Harris. 

29th Indiana, Lieut. Col. David M. 
Dunn. 

31st Indiana, Col. John T. Smith. 
Sist Indiana, Lieut. -Col. William C. 
Wheeler. 

1st Kentucky, Lieut.-Col. Alva R. 
Hadlock. 

2d Kentucky, Lieut.-Col. John R. 
Hurd. 

90th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Samuel N. 
Yeoman. 

101st Ohio, Col. Isaac M. Kirby. 



Second Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. Waeter C. Whitaker. 
96th Illinois, Col. Thomas E. Cham- 
pion. 

115th Illinois, Col. Jesse H. Moore. 
35th Indiana, Col. Bernard F. Mul- 
len. 

84th Indiana, Maj. Andrew J. Neff. 
8th Kentucky, Col. Sidney M. 
Barnes. 

40th Ohio, Col. Jacob E. Taylor. 
51st Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Charles H. 
Wood. 

99th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. John E. Cum- 
mins. 



*The First Brigade and Battery M, 4th U. S. Artillery, at Bridgeport, Ala., and not in the 
battle; the 115th Illinois and 84th Indiana, of the Second Brigade, and 5th Indiana Bat- 
tery, at Shellmound, Tenn., and the 30th Indiana and 77th Pennsylvania, of the Third 
Brigade, and Battery H, 4th U. S. Artillery, at Whiteside’s, Tenn., and not in battle. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 249 

Third Brigade. 

Col. William Grose. 

59th Illinois, Lieut. -Col. Joshua C. Winters, 

75th Illinois, Lieut. -Col. William M. Kilgour. 

84th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Louis H. Waters. 

9th Indiana, Col. Isaac C. B. Suman. 

30th Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Orrin D. Hurd. 

36th Iudiaua, Maj. Gilbert Trusler. 

24th Ohio, Capt. George M. Bacon. 

77th Pennsylvania, Capt. Joseph J. Law son. 



A rtillery. 

Capt. Peter Simonson. 

Indiana Light, 5th Battery, Capt. Peter Simonson. 

4th United States, Battery H, Lieut. Harry C. Cushing. 

4th United States, Battery M, Lieut. Francis L. D. Russell. 



SECOND DIVISION. 

Maj. -Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. 



First Brigade. 

Col. Francis T. Sherman. 

36th Illinois, Col. Silas Miller.* 

44th Illinois, Col. Wallace W. Bar- 
rett. 

73d Illinois, Lieut.-Col. James I. 
Davidson. 

74th Illinois, Col. Jason Marsh. 

88th Illinois, Maj. George W. Chand- 
ler. 

22d Indiana, Col. Michael Gooding. 

2d Missouri, Lieut. Col Arnold 
Beck. 

15th Missouri, Col. Joseph Conrad. 

24th Wisconsin, Maj. Carl von Baum- 
bach. 



Second Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. George D. Wagner. 
100th Illinois, Major Charles M. 
Hammond. 

15th Indiana, Col. Gustavus A. 
Wood. 

40th Indiana, Col. John W. Blake. 
57th Indiana, Lieut.-Col. George W. 
Lennard. 

58th Indiana, Col. George P. Buell. 
26th Ohio, Col. Edward P. Fyffe. 
97th Ohio, Col. John Q. Lane. 

51st Indiana, Lieut.-Col. J. M. Com- 
paret f 



* Temporarily in command of a demi-brigade. 
f Between Nashville and Chattanooga, en route, to join Brigade. 

17 



250 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Third Brigade. 

Col. Charles G. Harker. 

22d Illinois, Eieut.-Col. Francis Swanwick. 

27th Illinois, Col. Jonathan R. Miles. 

42(1 Illinois, Eieut.-Col. Nathan H. Walworth.* 
51st Illinois, Maj. Charles W. Davis. 

79th Illinois, Col. Allen Buckner. 

3d Kentucky. Maj. John Brennan. 

64th Ohio, Col. Alexander Mcllvain. 

65th Ohio, Eieut.-Col. William A. Bullitt. 

125th Ohio, Col. Emerson Opdycke.* 



Artillery. 

Capt. William A. Naylor. 

1st Illinois Eight, Battery M, Capt. George W. Spencer. 
Indiana Eight, 10th Battery, Capt. William A. Naylor. 
1st Missouri Eight, Battery G, Eieut. Gustavus Schueler. 
t4th U. S., Battery G ; 5th U. S., Battery H.f 



THIRD DIVISION. 

Brig.-Gen. Thomas J. Wood. 



First Brigade. I 

Brig.-Gen. August Willich. 

25th Illinois, Capt. Wesford Taggart. 
35th Illinois, Eieut.-Col. William P. 
Chandler. 

89th Illinois, Eieut.-Col. William D. 
Williams. 

32d Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Frank Er- 
delmeyer. 

68th Indiana, Eieut.-Col. John S. 
Scobey. 

8th Kansas, Col. John A. Martin. 

15th Ohio, Eieut.-Col. Frank Askew. 
49th Ohio, Maj. Samuel F. Gray. 

15th Wisconsin, Capt. Mons Grin- j 
ager. 



Second Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. William B. Hazen. 

6th Indiana, Maj. Calvin D. Camp- 
bell. 

5th Kentucky, Eieut.-Col. John L. 
Treanor. 

6th Kentucky, Maj. Richard T. 
Whitaker. 

23d Kentucky, Eieut. Col. James C. 
Foy. 

1st Ohio, Eieut.-Col. Bassett Eang- 
don. 

6th Ohio, Eieut.-Col. Alexander C. 
Christopher. 

41st Ohio, Col. Aquila Wiley. 

93d Ohio, Maj. William Birch. 

124th Ohio, Eieut.-Col. James Pick- 
ands. 



♦Temporarily iu command of a demi-brigade. 
f Temporarily attached. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 251 

'third Brigade. 

Brig. -Gen. Samuel Beatty. 

79th Indiana, Col. Frederick Knefler. 

86th Indiana, Col. George F. Dick. 

9th Kentucky, Col. George H. Cram. 

17th Kentucky, Col. Alexander M. Stout. 

13th Ohio, Col. Dwight Jarvis, Jr. 

19th Ohio, Col. Charles F. Manderson. 

59th Ohio, Maj. Robert J. Vanosdol. 

Artillery. 

Capt. Cullen Bradley. 

Illinois Fight, Bridges’ Battery, Capt. Lyman Bridges. 

6th Ohio Battery, Lieut. Oliver H. P. Ayres. 

20th Ohio Battery, Capt: Edward GrosskopfF. 

Pennsylvania Light, Batter}’ B, Lieut. Samuel M. McDowell. 

ELEVENTH AND TWELFTH ARMY CORPS. 

Maj. -Gen. Joseph Hooker.* 

Escort. 

15th Illinois Cavalry, Company K, Lieut. Charles M. Harvey. 

ELEVENTH ARMY CORPS. 

Maj. -Gen. Oliver O. Howard. 

GENERAL HEADQUARTERS. 

Detachment 2d Kentucky Cavalry, Lieut. Thomas H. Soward. 
Independent Company 8th New York Infantry, Capt. Anton Bruhn.. 

SECOND DIVISION. 

Brig. -Gen. Adolph Von Steinwehr. 

First Brigade. 

Col. Adolph Buschbeck. 

33d New Jersey, Maj. David A. Peloubet. 

134th New York, Lieut. Col. Allan H. Jackson. 

154th New York, Col. Patrick H. Jones. 

27th Pennsylvania, Maj. August Riedt. 

73d Pennsylvania, Capt. Charles C. Cresson. 



*Gen. Hooker had under his command also ist Division, 4th Corps, portions of the 14th 
Corps, and the ist Division, 15th Corps, 



252 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Second Brigade . 

Col. Ordand Smith. 

33d Massachusetts, Lieut. Col. Godfrey Rider, Jr. 
136th New York, Col. James Wood, Jr. 

55th Ohio, Col. Charles B. Garnbee. 

73d Ohio, Maj. Samuel H. Hurst. 



THIRD DIVISION. 



Maj. -Gen. Card Schurz. 



First Brigade. 



Second Brigade. 



Brig.-Gen. Hector Tyndade. 
101st Illinois, Col. Charles H. Fox. 
45th New York, Col. George von 
Amsberg. 

143d New York, Col. Horace Bough- 
ton. 

Si st Ohio, Col. Stephen J. Mc- 
Groarty. 

S26. Ohio, Col. James S. Robinson. 



Col. Wdadimir Krzyzanowski. 
58th New York, Capt. Fmil Koenig. 
119th New York, Col. John T. Lock- 
man. 

141st New York, Col. William K. 
Logie. 

26th Wisconsin, Col. William H. 
Jacobs. 



Third Brigade. 

Col. Frederick Hecker. 

80th Illinois. 

82d Illinois, Lieut. -Col. Fdward S. Salomon. 

68th New York, Lieut. -Col. Albert von Steinhausen. 
75th Pennsylvania, Maj. August Ledig. 



Artillery. 

Maj. Thomas W. Osborn. 

1st Michigan Light, Battery I, Lieut. Addison N. Kidder. 
1st Michigan Light, Battery K, Lieut. Adolph Schill. 

1st New York Light, Battery I, Capt. Michael Wiedrich. 
New York Light, 13th Battery, Capt. William Wheeler. 

4th United States, Battery G, Lieut. Christopher F. Merkle. 



oj Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



253 



TWELFTH ARMY CORPS. 
Maj.-Gen. Henry W. Slocum. 
FIRST DIVISION.* 



Brisr. -Gen. Alpheus S. Williams. 



First Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen Joseph F. Knipe. 

5th Connecticut, Col. Warren W. 
Packer. 

20th Connecticut, Col. Samuel Ross. 
3d Maryland, Col. Joseph M. Suds- 
burg. 

123d New York, Lieut. -Col. James C. 
Rogers. 

145th New York, Capt. Samuel T. 
Allen. 

46th Pennsylvania, Lieut.-Col. Wil- 
liam L. Foulk. 



Third Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. Thomas H. Ruger. 

27th Indiana, Col. Silas Colgrove. 

2d Massachusetts, Col. William 
Cogswell. 

13th New Jersey, Col. Ezra A. Car 
man. 

107th New York, Col. Nirom M. 
Crane. 

150th New York, Col. John H 
Ketcham. 

3d Wisconsin, Col. William Haw- 
ley. 



SECOND DIVISION. 



Brig.-Gen. John W. Geary. 



First Brigade. 

Col. Charles Candy. 

5th Ohio, Col. John H. Patrick. 

7th Ohio, Col. William R. Creigh- 
ton. 

29th Ohio, Col. William T. Fitch. 

66th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Eugene Pow- 
ell. 

28th Pennsylvania, Capt. John 
Flynn. 

147th Pennsylvania, Lieut.-Col. Ario 
Pardee, Jr. 



Second Brigade. ' ! ! ; >' 

Col. Geore A. Cobham, Jr. . 
29th Pennsylvania, Col. William 
Rickards, Jr. if! 

109th Pennsylvania, Capt. Frederick 
L. Gimber. 

mth Pennsylvania, Lieut.-Col. 
Thomas M. Walker. 



Third Brigade. 
Col. David Ireland. 



60th New York, Col. Abel Godard. 

78th New York, Lieut.-Col. Herbert von Hammerstein. 
io2d New York, Col. James C. Lane. 

137th New York, Capt. Milo B. Eldredge. 

149th New York, Lieut.-Col. Charles B. Randall. 



*The First Division engaged in guarding the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad from 
Wartrace Bridge, Tenn., to Bridgeport, Ala., etc. Maj.-Gen. H. W. Slocum, the Corps com- 
mander, had his headquarters at Tullahoma, Tenn. 

First Division not in the battle. 



254 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Artillery. 

Maj. John A. Reynolds. 

Pennsylvania Light, Battery E, Lieut. James D. McGill. 

5th United States, Battery K, Capt. Edmund C. Bainbridge. 

FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS. 



Maj. -Gen. John M. Paemer. 

Escort. 

ist Ohio Cavalry, Company L, Capt. John D. Barker. 
provost guard. 

9th Michigan Infantry, Col. John G. Parkhurst. 
FIRST DIVISION. 

Brig.-Gen. Richard W. Johnson. 



First Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. Wieeiam P. Carein. 
104th Illinois, Lieut. -Col. Douglas 
Hapeman. 

38th Indiana, Lieut. Col. Daniel F. 
Griffin. 

42d Indiana, Lieut.-Col. William T. 
B. Mclntire. 

88th Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Cyrus E. 
Briant. 

2d Ohio, Col. Anson G. McCook. 
•,33d Ohio, Capt. James H. M. Mont- 
gomery. 

94th Ohio, Maj. Rue P. Hutchins. 
10th Wisconsin, Capt. Jacob W. j 
Roby. 

Second Brigade. 

Col. Wieeiam L. Stoughton. 

19th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Alexander j 
W. Raffen. 

nth Michigan, Lieut.-Col. Melvin 
Mudge. 

69th Ohio, Capt. Edward R. Black. 
1.5th United States, ist Battalion, 
Maj. Albert Tracy. 



15th United States, 2d Battalion, 
Maj. John R. Edie. 

1 6th United States, ist Battalion, 
Capt. William J. Slidell. 

1 8th United States, ist Battalion, 
Capt. George W. Smith. 

18th United States, 2d Battalion, 
Capt. Henry Haymond. 

19th United States, ist Battalion, 
Capt. James Mooney. 

Third Brigade .* 

Brig.-Gen. John C. Starkweather. 

24th Illinois, Col. Geza Mihalotzy. 
37th Indiana, Col. James S. Hull. 

2 ist Ohio, Capt. James L. Curry. 
74th Ohio, Maj. Joseph Fisher. 

78th Pennsylvania, Lieut.-Col. Arch- 
ibald Blakeley. 

79th Pennsylvania, Col. Henry A. 
Hambright. 

ist Wisconsin, Lieut.-Col. George 
B. Bingham. 

2 ist Wisconsin, Capt. Rudolph J. 
Weisbrod. 



* During the engagement of 23, 24, 25, was in line of battle holding fort and breastworks 
in Chattanooga; not in battle. 



2 55 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

Artillery. 

Capt. Francis L. Guenther. 
ist Illinois Light, Battery C, Capt. Mark H. Prescott, 
ist Michigan Light, Battery A, Capt. Francis E- Hale. 
5th United States, Battery H, Capt. Francis L. Guenther. 

SECOND DIVISION. 

Brig.-Gen. Jefferson C. Davis. 

First Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. James D. Morgan. 

2 ist Kentucky. 

ioth Illinois, Col. John Tillson. 

16th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. James B. 

Cahill. 

6oth Illinois, Col. William B. Ander- 
son. 

ioth Michigan, Lieut.-Col. Christo- 
pher J. Dickerson. 

Second Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. John Beatty. 

34th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Oscar Van 
Tassell. 

78th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Carter Van 
Vleck. 

A rtillery. 

Capt. William A. Hotchkiss. 

2d Illinois Light, Battery I, Lieut. Henry B. Plant. 
Minnesota Light, 2d Battery, Lieut. Richard L. Dawley. 
Wisconsin Light, 5th Battery, Capt. George Q. Gardner. 

third division. 

Brig.-Gen. Absalom Baird. 

First Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. John B. Turchin. 

82d Indiana, Col. Morton C. Hunter, 
nth Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Ogden Street. 

17th Ohio I Maj. Benjamin F. Butterfield. 

tCapt. Benjamin H. Showers. 

31st Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Frederick W. Lister. 

36th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Hiram F. Devol. 

89th Ohio, Capt. John H. Jolly. 

92d Ohio, / Lieut.-Col. Douglas Putnam, jr. 
t Capt. Edward Grosvenor. 



98th Ohio, Maj. Janies M. Shane. 
108th Ohio, Maj. Joseph Good. 

113th Ohio, Maj. Lyne S. Sullivant. 
12 ist Ohio, Maj. John Yager. 

Third Brigade. 

Col. Daniel McCook. 

85th Illinois, Col. Caleb J. Dilworth. 
86th Illinois, Lieut. Col. David W. 
Magee. 

noth Illinois, Lieut.-Col. E. Hibbard 
Topping. 

125th Illinois, Col. Oscar F. Harmon. 
52d Ohio, Maj. James T. Holmes. 



256 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Second Brigade. 



Third Brigade. 



Col. Ferdinand Van Derveer. 

75th Indiana, Col. Milton S. Robin- 
son. 

87th Indiana, Col. Newell Gleason. 

101st Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Thomas 
Doan. 

2d Minnesota, Lieut.-Col. Judson 
W. Bishop. 

9th Ohio, Col. Gustave Kammer- 
ling. 

{ Lieut.-Col. Henry V. 
N. Boynton. 

Maj. Joseph L. Budd. 
105th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. William R. 
Tolies. 



Col. Edward H. Phelps. 
Col. William H. Hays. 



10th 

74th 

4th 

10 th 

1 8th 
14th 
38th 



Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Marsh B. 
Taylor. 

Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Myron 
Baker. 

Kentucky, Maj. Robert M. 
Kelly. 



f Col. William H. 

Kentucky, Hays. 

1 Lieut. -Col. Gabriel 
^ C. Wharton 

Kentucky,* Lieut.-Col. Hub- 
bard K. Mil ward. 

Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Henry D. 
Kingsbury. 

Ohio, Maj. Charles Greenwood. 



Artillery. 

Capt. George R. Swallow. 

Indiana Light, 7th Battery, Lieut. Otho H. Morgan. 
Indiana Light, 19th Battery, Lieut. Robert G. Lacke}-. 
4th United States, Battery I, Lieut. Frank G. Smith. 



ARTILLERY RESERVE. 
Brig. -Gen. John M. Brannan. 



first division. 
Col. James Barnett. 



First Brigade .f 

1st Ohio Light, Battery A, Capt. Wil- 
bur F. Goodspeed. 

1st Ohio Light, Battery B, Lieut. Nor- 
man A. Baldwin. 

1st Ohio Light, Battery C, Lieut. 
Marco B. Gary. 

1st Ohio Light, Battery F, Lieut. 
Giles J. Cockerill. 



Second Brigade .f 

1st Ohio Light, Battery G, Capt. Al- 
exander Marshall. 

1st Ohio Light, Battery M, Capt. 
Frederick Schultz. 

Ohio Light, 18th Battery, Capt. Charles 
C. Aleshire. 

Ohio Light, 20th Battery, Lieut. John 
Otto. 



♦Detached at Brown’s Ferry, Tenn. 
t Commander not given. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



257 



SECOND DIVISION.* 

First Brigade. 

Capt. Josiah W. Church. 

1st Michigan Light, Battery D, Capt. Josiah W. Church. 
1st Tennessee Light, Battery A, Capt. Ephraim P. Abbott. 
Wisconsin Light, 3d Battery, Lieut. Hiram F. Hubbard. 
Wisconsin Light, 8th Battery, Lieut. John D. McLean. 
Second Brigade. 

Capt. Arnold Sutermeistek. 

Indiana Light, 4th Battery, Lieut. Willis H. Pettit. 
Indiana Light, 8th Battery, Lieut. Jeremiah Voris. 

Indiana Light, nth Battery, Capt. Arnold Sutermeister. 
Indiana Light, 21st Battery, Lieut. William E. Chess. 

POST OF CHATTANOOGA. 

Col. John G. Parkhurst. 

44th Indiana, Lieut. -Col. Simeon C. Aldrich. 

15th Kentucky, Maj. William G. Halpin. 

9th Michigan, Lieut. -Col. William Wilkinson. 

ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 



Maj. -Gen. William T. Sherman. f 



FIFTEENTH ARMY CORPS.* 



Maj. -Gen. Frank P. Blair, Jr. 
first division. 

Brig. -Gen. PETER J. Osterhaus. 



First Brigade . 

Brig. -Gen. Charles R. Woods. 

r Lieut.-Col. Frederick 



13th Illinois, j W. Partridge. 

v Capt. George P. Brown. 
3d Missouri, Lieut.-Col. Theodore 
Meumann. 

1 C0I. Hugo Wangelin. 
Lieut.-Col. Jacob 
Kaercher. 



17th Missouri, Col. John F. Cramer. 
27th Missouri, Col. Thomas Curly. 

{ Col. James Peckham. 
Maj. Philip H. Mur- 
phy. 

31st Missouri, Lieut.-Col. Samuel P. 
Simpson. 

32d Missouri, Lieut.-Col. Henry C. 
Warmoth. 

76th Ohio, Maj. Willard Warner. 



* Commander not given. 

t General Sherman had under his immediate command the Eleventh Corps and the Sec- 
ond Division, Fourteenth Corps, of the Army of the Cumberland ; the Second and Fourth 
Divisions, Fifteenth Corps, and the Second Division, Seventeenth Corps. 

JThe Third Division, Brig.-Gen. James M. Tuttle commanding, al Memphis, La Grange, 
and Pocahontas, Tenn. 



258 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Second Brigade. 

Col. JAMKS A. WlUvIAMSON. 

4th Iowa, Lieut. -Col. George Burton. 

9th Iowa, Col. David Carskaddon. 

25th Iowa, Col. George A. Stone. 

26th Iowa, Col. Milo Smith. 

30th Iowa, Lieut. -Col. Aurelius Roberts. 

31st Iowa, Lieut. -Col. Jeremiah W. Jenkins. 

A rtillery. 

Capt. Henry H. Griffiths. 

Iowa Light, 1st Battery, Lieut. James M. Williams. 

2d Missouri Light, Battery F, Capt. Clemens Landgraeber. 
Ohio Light, 4th Battery, Capt. George Froehlich. 



SECOND DIVISION. 



Brig. -Gen. Morgan L. Smith. 

First Brigade. 

Brig. -Gen. Giees A. Smith. 
Col. Nathan W. Tupper. 



55th Illinois, Col. Oscar Malmbor< 



11 6th Illinois, 



Col. Nathan W. Tupper. 

Lieut. -Col. James P. Boyd. 

127th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Frank S. Curtiss. 

6th Missouri, Lieut. -Col. Ira Boutell. 

8th Missouri, Lieut.-Col. David C. Coleman. 

57th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Samuel R. Mott. 

13th United States, 1st Battalion, Capt Charles C. Smith. 



Second Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. Joseph A. J. Lightburn. 

83d Indiana, Col. Benjamin J. Spooner. 

30th Ohio, Col. Theodore Jones. 

37th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Louis von Blessingh. 

47th Ohio, Col. Augustus C. Parry. 

54th Ohio, Maj. Robert Williams, jr. 

4th West Virginia, Col. James H. Dayton. 

Artillery. 

1st Illinois Light, Battery A, Capt. Peter P. Wood. 

1st Illinois Light, Battery B, Capt. Israel P. Ruinsey. 
1st Illinois Light, Battery H, Lieut. Francis De Gress. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



259 



FOURTH DIVISION. 



Brig.- 

First Brigade. 



Gen. Hugh Ewing. 

Second Brigade. 



Col. John M. Loomis. 

26th Illinois. Lieut. Col. Robert A. 
Gillmore. 

r Col. Timothy 

. , .... . | O'Meara. 

90th Illinois, - 

j Lieut. -Col. Owen 
1 Stuart. 

1 2th Indiana, Col. Reuben Wil- 
liams. 

100th Indiana, Lieut.-Col. 

Heath. 



Brig. -Gen. John M. Corse. 

Col. Charles C. Walcutt. 

40th Illinois, Maj. Hiram W. Hall. 
103d Illinois, Col. Willard A. Dicker- 
man. 

6th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Alexander J. 
Miller. 

r Col. Charles C. Walcutt. 
46th Ohio, -I Capt. Isaac N. Alexan- 
1 der. 



Albert 
Third Brigade. 



Col. Joseph R. Cockerill. 

48th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Lucien Greathouse. 

97th Indiana, Col. Robert F. Catterson. 

99th Indiana, Col. Alexander Fowder. 

53d Ohio, Col. Wells S. Jones. 

70th Ohio, Maj. William B. Brown. 

A rtillery. 

Capt. Henry Richardson. 
ist Illinois Light, Battery F, Capt. John T. Cheney. 

1st Illinois Light, Battery I, Lieut. Josiah H. Burton. 

1st Missouri Light, Battery D, Lieut. Byron M. Callender. 



SEVENTEENTH ARMY CORPS. 



SECOND DIVISION. 



56th 

17th 



Brig. -Gen. John E. 
First Brigade. 

Col. Jesse I. Alexander. 

63d Illinois, Col. Joseph B. McCown. 

48th Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Edward J. ! 
Wood. 

59th Indiana, Capt. Wilford H. Wei- ^ 



4th Minnesota. Lieut.-Col. John E. 
Tourtellotte. 

1 8th Wisconsin, Col. Gabriel Bouek. 
Second Brigade. 

Col. Green B. Raum. 

Col. Francis C. Deimling. 

Col. Clark R. Wever. 



24th 

80th 



Smith. 

Illinois, Maj. Pinckney J. Welsh. 

Iowa I Col> Clark R ‘ Wever * 

’ t Maj. John F. Walden. 

f Col. Francis C. 

I Deimling. 
Lieut.-Col. Christian 
Happel. 

| Col. Francis C. 

I Deimling. 

Missouri, Company E, Capt. 

William W. McCammon. 
Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Pren Metham. 



Missouri, 



26 o 



Htstof y of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Third Brigade. 

Brig. -Gen. Charges L. Matthies. 

93d Illinois, Col. Holden Putnam. 

5th Iowa, Col. Jabez Banbury. 

10th Iowa, Lieut.-Col. Paris P. Henderson. 

26th Missouri, Col. Benjamin D. Dean. 

Artillery. 

Capt. Henry Dillon. 

Cogswell’s ( Illinois) Battery, Capt. William Cogswell. 
Wisconsin Light, 6th Battejy, Lieut. Samuel F. Clark. 
Wisconsin Light, 12th Battery, Capt. William Zickerick. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE CONFEDERATE TROOPS 

ENGAGED. 



General Braxton Bragg commanding. 
Lieutenant-General William J. Hardee commanding the 

right wing. 

Major-General John C. Breckinridge commanding the left 

wing. 



HARDEE’S CORPS. 

CHEATHAM'S DIVISION.* 



Jackson's Brigade. 

1 st Georgia (Confederate), Maj. 
James C. Gordon. 

5th Georgia, Col. Charles P. Daniel. 
47th Georgia, f Capt. J. J. Harper. 
65th Georgia, t Lieut. Col. Jacob W. 
Pearcy. 

2d Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters, 
Lieut. -Col. Richard H. White- 
ley. 

5th Mississippi, Maj. John B. Her- 
ring. 

8th Mississippi, Maj. John F. Smith. 



Moore' s Brigade. 

37th Alabama, Col. James F. Dowdell. 
40th Alabama, Col. John H. Higley. 
42d Alabama, Lieut.-Col. Thomas C. 
Lanier. 

Walthall's Brigade. 

24th and 27th Mississippi, Col. Wil- 
liam F. Dowd. 

29th and 30th Mississippi, Capt. W. G. 
Reynolds. 

34th Mississippi, Col. Samuel Benton. 



* Cheatham’s Division— Maj. -Gen. B. F. Cheatham. (With Breckinridge’s defeated forces 
on Lookout Mountain until the evening of the 24th, when it was transferred to Hardee’s 
Centre.) 

f Assigned November 12th, 1863. 



26 i 



of Indiana Infantry Volume ei s. 

Wright's Brigade. 

8th Tennessee, Col. John H. Anderson. 

16th Tennessee, Col. D. M. Donnell. 

28th Tennessee, Col. Sidney S. Stanton. 

38th Tennessee, Lieut.-Col. Andrew D. Gwynne. 

51st and 52d Tennessee, Lieut.-Col. John G. Hall. 

Murray’s (Tennessee) Battalion, Lieut.-Col. And. D. Gwynne. 



walker’s division.* 



Maj.-Gen. Willi a 
Gist's Brigade. 

46th Georgia, Lieut.-Col. William A. 
Daniel. 

8th Georgia Battalion, Lieut.-Col. 
Leroy Napier. 

16th South Carolina, Col. Janies Mc- 
Cullough. 

24th South Carolina, Col. Clement H. 
Stevens. 

Maney's Brigade. 

34th Tennessee, Lieut.-Col. Robert N. 
Lewis. 

1st and 27th Tennessee, Col. Hume 
R. Feild. 

CLEBURNE’S 

Maj.-Gen. Patrk 

Liddell's Brigade 

2d and 15th Arkansas, Maj. E. 
Warfield. 

5th and 13th Arkansas, Col. John 
E. Murray. 

6th and 7th Arkansas, Lieut.-Col. 
Peter Snyder. 

8th Arkansas and 1st Louisiana, 
Maj. Anderson Watkins. 



si H. T. Walker. 

6th and 9th Tennessee, Col. George 
C. Porter. 

41st Tennessee, Col. Robert Far- 
quh arson. 

50th Tennessee, Col. Cyrus A. Sugg. 

Maney’s Battalion, Maj. Frank Maney. 

Wilson's Brigade. 

25th Regiment and 1st Georgia Bat- 
talion, Maj. Arthur Shaaff. 

26th Georgia Battalion, Maj. J. W. 
Nisbet. 

29th and 30th Georgia, Maj. Thomas 
W. Mangham. 

66th Georgia, Col. J. Cooper Nisbet. 

division, f 
k R. Cleburne. 

Smith's Brigade. 

6th and 10th Texas Infantry and 
15th Texas (dismounted) 
Cavalry, Col. Roger Q. Mills. 

7th Texas, Col. Hiram B. Gran- 
bury. 

17th, 18th, 24th, and 25th Texas 
Cavalry (dismounted), Maj. 
William A. Taylor. 



* Walker’s Division — Brig.-Gen. S. R. Gist. (Transferred from Lookout Mountain on the 
23d to the extreme right under Hardee.) 

t Cleburne’s Division — Maj.-Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne. (Under Hardee, on the ex- 
treme right.) 



262 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Polk's Brigade. 

1st Arkansas, Col. John W. Col- 
quitt. 

3d and 5th Confederate, Lieut. -Col. ! 
J. C. Cole. 

2d Tennessee, Col. William D. i 
Robison. 

35th and 48th Tennessee, Col. Ben- 
jamin J. Hill. 



STEVENSON'S 
Bro 7 un ' s Brigade. 

3d Tennessee, Col. Calvin H. 
Walker. 

18th and 26th Tennessee, Lieut. -Col. 

William R. Butler. 

32d Tennessee, Capt. Thomas D. 
Deavenport. 

45th Tennessee and 23d Tennessee 
Battalion, Col. Anderson j 
Searcy. 

Camming' s Brigade. 

34th Georgia, Col. J. A. W. Johnson. 
36th Georgia, Lieut.-Col. Alexander 
M. Wallace. 

39th Georgia, Col. J. T. McConnell. 
56th Georgia, Lieut.-Col. J. T. 
Slaughter. 



Lowrey's Brigade. 

1 6th Alabama, Maj. Frederick A. 
Ashford. 

33d Alabama, Col. Samuel Adams. 
45th Alabama, Lieut.-Col. H. D. 
Lainpley. 

32d and 45th Mississippi, Lieut.-Col. 
R. Charlton. 

15th Mississippi Battalion Sharp- 
shooters, Capt. Daniel Cole- 
man. 

DIVISION.* 

Pet tu s' Brigade. 

20th Alabama, Capt. John W. Davis. 
23d Alabama, Lieut.-Col. J. B. Bibb. 
30th Alabama. Col. Charles M. 
Shelley. 

31st Alabama, Col. D. R. Hundley. 
46th Alabama, Capt. George E. 
Brewer. 

Vaughn's Brigade. 

3d Tennessee (Provisional Army). 
39th Tennessee. 

43d Tennessee. 

59th Tennessee. 

Reynolds' Brigade, f 

58th North Carolina. 

60th North Carolina. 

54th Virginia. 

63d Virginia. 



Artillery Battalion. 

Capt. Robert Cobb. 

Tennessee Battery, Capt. Edmund D. Baxter. 

Tennessee Battery, Capt. William W. Carnes. 

Georgia Battery, Capt. Max Van Den Corput. 

Georgia Battery, Capt. John B. Rowan. 

* Stevenson’s Division— Maj.-Gbn. C. I,. Stevbnson. (After being defeated and driven 
from Eookout Mountain, it had position on the extreme left, under Breckinridge.) 
fRejuiolds’ Brigade belonged to Buckner’s Division, but seems to have served under Ste- 



venson. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



26 



BRECKENRIDGE’S CORPS. 
Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge. 



HINDMAN’S DIVISION.* 



Anderson's Brigade. 



Ideas' Brigade. 



7th Mississippi, Col. Wiliiam H. 
Bishop. 

9th Mississippi, Maj. Thomas H. 
Lynam. 

10th Mississippi. Capt. Robert A. 
Bell. 

41st Mississippi, Col. W. F. Tucker. 
44th Mississippi, Lieut. -Col. R. G. 
Kelsey, 

9th Mississippi Battalion Sharp- 
shooters, Capt. W. W. 
Tucker. 

Manigault's Brigade. 

24th Alabama, Col. N. N. Davis. 

28th Alabama, Maj. W. L. Butler. 
34th Alabama, Maj. John N. S’augh- 
ter. 

10th and 19th South Carolina, Maj. 
James L. White. 



19th Alabama, Col. Samuel K. Mc- 
Spadden. 

22d Alabama, Capt. Harry T. Toul- 
min. 

25th Alabama. Col. George D. John- 
ston . 

39th Alabama, Col. Whitfield Clark. 
50th Alabama, Col. J. G. Coltart. 

17th Alabama Battalion Sharpshoot- 
ers, Capt. James F. Nabers. 

Vaughan's Brigade. 
nth Tennessee, Col. George W. Gor- 
don. 

1 2th and 47th Tennessee, Col. Wil- 
liam M. Watkins. 

13th and 154th Tennessee, Lieut. -Col. 
R. W. Pitman. 

29th Tennessee, Col. Horace Rice. 



STEWART’S DIVISION. f 

Maj. -Gen. Alexander P. Stewart. 



Stiahl's Brigade. 



Adams' Brigade. 



4th and 5th Tennessee, Col. Jonathan 
J. Lamb. 

19th Tennessee, Col. Francis M. 
Walker. 

24th Tennessee, Col. John A. Wilson. 
31st Tennessee, Col. Egbert E. Tan- 
sil. 

33d Tennessee, Lieut. -Col. Henry C. 
McNeill. 



13th and 20th Louisiana, Col. Leoti 
von Zinken. 

1 6th and 25th Louisiana, Col. Daniel 
Gober. 

19th Louisiana, Col. W. P. Winans. 
14th Louisiana Battalion Sharpshoot- 
ers, Maj. J. E. Austin. 



* Hindman’s Division — Brig. -Gen. Patton Anderson. 

(Under Breckinridge on Mission Ridge.) 
f Stewart's Division— Maj. -Gen. Alexander P. Stewart. 
(Under Breckinridge on Mission Ridge.) 



264 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Clayton's Brigade. 

18th Alabama, Maj. Shep. Ruffin. 
36th Alabama, Col. Lewis T. Wood- 
ruff. 

38th Alabama, Col. Charles T. 
Ketch um. 

32d Alabama, Capt. John W. Bell. 
58th Alabama, Lieut. -Col. John W. 
Inzer. 



Stovall's Brigade. 

40th Georgia, Col. Abda Johnson. 
41st Georgia, Col. William E. Cur 
tiss. 

42d Georgia, Col. R. J. Henderson. 
43d Georgia, Col. Hiram P. Bell. 
52d Georgia, Major John J. Moore. 



BRECKINRIDGE’S DIVISION.* 



Lewis' Brigade. 



Florida Brigade. 



2d Kentucky, Lieut. -Col. James W. 
Moss. 

4th Kentucky., Maj. Thomas W. 
Thompson. 

5th Kentucky, Col. H. Hawkins. 

6th Kentucky, Lieut. Col. W. L. 
Clarke. 

9th Kentucky, Lieut.-Col. John C. 
Wickliffe. 

John H. Morgan’s dismounted men. 



1st and 3d Florida, Capt. W. T. 
Saxon. 

4th Florida, Lieut.-Col. E. Badger. 
6th Florida, Col. Jesse J. Finley. 

7th Florida, Lieut.-Col. Tillman In- 
gram. 

1st Florida Cavalry (dismounted), 
Col. G. Troup Maxwell. 

Quarles' Brigade .f 



Bate's Brigade. 

37th Georgia, Col. A. F. Rudler. 

4th Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters, 
Lieut. Joel Towers. 

10th Tennessee, Col. William Grace. 
15th and 37th Tennessee, Lieut.-Col. 

R. Dudley Frayser. 

20th Tennessee, Maj. W. M. Shy. 
30th Tennessee, Lieut.-Col. James J. 
Turner. 

1st Tennessee Battalion, Maj. 
Stephen H. Colms. 



4th Louisiana, Col. S. E. Hunter. 
30th Louisiana, Lieut.-Col. Thomas 
Shields. 

46th and 55th Tennessee, Col. Robert 
A. Owens. 

48th Tennessee, Col. William M. 
Voorhies. 

49th Tennessee, Col. William F. 
Young. 

53d Tennessee, Col. John R. White. 



* Breckinridge’s Division — Maj.-Gen. W. B. Bate. (Under Breckinridge on Mission 
Ridge, in front of Thomas.) 

J Not in the battle. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 
RESERVE ARTILLERY. 



265 



HARDEE’S CORPS. 



Smith's Battalion. 

Carnes’ (Tennessee) Battery, Capt. 

William W. Carnes. 

Scogiu’s (Georgia) Battery, Capt. John 
Scogin. 

Scott’s (Tennessee) Battery, Lieut. 
John Doscher. 

Smith’s (Mississippi) Battery, Lieut. 

William B. Turner. 

Stanford’s (Mississippi) Battery, Capt. 
T. J. Stanford. 



Fowler's Battalion. 

Dent’s (Alabama) Battery, Capt. S. 
H. Dent. 

Fowler’s (Alabama) Battery, Capt. 

William H. Fowler. 

Garrity’s (Alabama) Battery, Capt. 
James Garrity. 

Waters’ (Alabama) Battery, Lieut. 
William P. Hamilton. 



Williams' Battalion. 



Baxter’s (Tennessee) Battery, Capt. Edmund D. Baxter. 
Kolb’s (Alabama) Battery, Capt. R. F. Kolb. 

Jeffress’ (Virginia) Battery, Capt. William C. Jeffress. 
McCants’ (Florida) Battery, Capt. Robert P. MeCants. 



BRECKINRIDGE’S CORPS. 



Calvert’s (Arkansas) Battery, Lieut. 
Thomas J. Key. 

Cobb’s (Kentucky) Battery, Lieut. 
Frank P. Gracey. 

Darden’s (Mississippi) Battery, Lieut. 
H. W. Bullen. 

Dawson’s (Georgia) Battery, Lieut. 
R. W. Anderson. 

Douglas’ (Texas) Battery, Capt. 
James P. Douglas. 

Eufaula (Alabama) Battery, Lieut. 
William J. McKenzie. 



Humphreys’ (Arkansas) Battery, 
Lieut. John W. Rivers. 

Mebane’s (Tennessee) Battery, Capt. 
John W. Mebane. 

Semple’s (Alabama) Battery’-, Lieut. 

Richard W. Goldthwaite. 
Slocomb’s (Louisiana) Battery, Capt. 
C. H. Slocomb. 

Swett’s (Mississippi) Battery, Lieut. 
H. Shannon. 



RESERVE. 

Barret’s (Missouri) Battery, Capt. Overton W. Barret. 

Havis’ (Georgia) Battery, Lieut. James R. Duncan. 

Lumsden’s (Alabama) Battery, Lieut. Harvey H. Cribbs. 
Massenberg’s (Georgia) Battery, Capt. Thomas L. Massenberg. 
18 



266 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Return of Casualties in the Union forces .* 

[Compiled from the nominal list of casualties, returns, etc.] 



Command. 


Killed. 


Wounded. 


Captured or 
missing. 


Aggregate. 


Officers. 


Enlisted men. 


i Officers. 


Enlisted men. 


Officers. 


Enlisted men. 

1 


ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND. 
















Total Fourth Army Corps . . 


27 


i 2 7 2 


178 


2036 




14 


2527 


Total Eleventh Army Corps .... 


1 3 _ 




H 


171 


8 


_i° 3 _ 


_ 33 ° 


Total Second Division Twelfth Corps 


6 


49 


34 


2 5 2 






34i 


Total Fourteenth Army Corps . . . ! 


_J3_ 


_i30 


55 


719 




14 


t93i 


ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE. 












I 




Total Fifteenth Army Corps . . . . 


12 


121 i 


87 


887 


4 


61 1 


1172 


Total Second Division Seventeenth 










— 






Corps 


8 


81 


2 5| 


264 


15 


130 


523 


Total Army of the Cumberland . . . 


49 


482 


281 1 


3*78 


8 


131 


4129 


Total Army of the Tennessee. . . . 


20 


202 


112] 


1151 


19 


19 1 


1695 


Grand total 


69 


“684 


_393> 


4329 ! 


27 


322 1 


5824 



* Includes skirmishes at Orchard Knob (or Indian Hill) and Bushy Knob (23d) ; battle of 
Lookout Mountain and skirmish at foot of Missionary Ridge (24th) ; battle of Missionary 
Ridge (25th) ; skirmishes at Chickamauga Station, Pea Vine Valley, Pigeon Hills, Tenn., 
and near Graysville, Ga. (26th), and engagement at Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge, Ga. (27th). 

fin the assault on Missionary Ridge (25th) Baird’s Division alone lost 565 officers and 
men. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



267 



Report of Casualties [ Bragg's command ] in the late engagements before 
Chattanooga and at Ringgold Gap. 



1 1 • - 

Command. 


Infantry. 


Tbtal. 


Artillery. 


Total. 


Total. 


j Aggregate. 


Killed. 


Wounded. | 




Missing. 


Killed. 


Wounded. 


Missing. 


Killed. 


Wounded. 


Missing. 


HARDEE’S CORPS. 


























Cheatham’s Division . . . 


56 


37i 


I , 2 37 


1,664 






7 


7 


56 


37i 


1,244 


1,671 


Cleburne’s Division. . . . 


56 


35i 


12 


419 


' 6 


16 




22 


62 


367 


12 


441 


Stevenson’s Division . 


36 


282 


14 


332 










36 


282 


14 


332 


Walker’s Division 


13 


114 1 


1 167 


294 


1 


4 


23 


28 


14 


118 


190 


322 


Total 


161 


1,118 




2,709 


— 


20 


30 


57 


168 


1,138 


1,460 J 


2,766 


BRECKINRIDGE’S CORPS. 


























Hindman’s Division . . . 


69 


463 


1,088 


1,620 


! 7 


! 13 


36 


56 


76 


476 


1,124 


1,676 


Stewart’s Division .... 


71 


3io 


960 


i,34i 


1 


6 


5 


12 


72 


3 r 6 


965 


i,353 


Breckinridge’s Division . 


44 


208 


581 


833 




16 


10 


26 


44 


244 


59i 


8 59 


Total 


184 

— 


981 


2,629 


3,794 


8 


35 


5i 


94 


192 


1,036 


O 

00 

VO 

eT 


3,888 


RESERVE ARTILLERY. 


























Robertson’s Battalion . . 










1 


4 


6 


11 










Williams’ Battalion. . . . 












2 




2 






■ ■ ■ 1 




Total 












6 


6 


13 


• ' 




...j 




RECAPITULATION. 


















H 








Hardee’s Corps 


161 


1,118 


i.43o 


2,709 


7 


20 


3° 


57 


168 1 


1,138 


1,460 


2,766 


Breckinridge’s Corps. . . 


184 


981 


2,629 


3.794 


8 


35 


5 1 ' 


94 


192! 


1,036 


2,680 


3,888 


Reserve Artillery 










1 


6 


6 


13 


1 


6 


6 


13 


Grand total. 


345 


2 ,°99 


4.059 


6,503 


16 


61 


87 


164 


361 


2,180 


4,146 


6,667 



CHAPTER X. 



PURSUIT OF CONFEDERATES TO RINGGOLD, GA. — REOCCU- 
PANCY OF CHATTANOOGA — RELIEF OF BURNSIDE — DE- 
MONSTRATION ON DALTON, GA. — RECONNAISSANCE 
TOWARDS TUNNEL HILL, GA. 

(FROM NOVEMBER 26TH, 1863, TO MAY 1ST, 1864). 

Late in the evening of the 25th of November, 1863, upon 
the conclusion of the charge up the slope of Missionary 
Ridge, the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment was detailed to 
perform picket duty for the whole Second Brigade along 
the crest of the Ridge. Though tired and weary our- 
selves from the charge in the battle, we stood all night 
long, as the wakeful sentinels for the brave and slumbering 
body of heroes of our Brigade. When the glorious morning 
of the 26th opened, we were relieved with orders to pursue 
the retreating Confederates. The other Regiments of the 
Brigade awoke, refreshed for the pursuit, all unconscious of 
the vigils kept over their slumbers by the Seventy-fifth Regi- 
ment during the night. With the Brigade, our Regiment pro- 
ceeded to Ringgold, Ga., where we formed into line of battle 
at noon, but did not become engaged in the severe fighting on 
the hills in our front between some of Hooker’s men and Pat. 
Cleburne’s Division, which formed the rear guard of the re- 
treating Confederates. As usual in his retreat, Bragg per- 
mitted his soldiers to throw away their guns and accoutre- 
ments, and abandon their provisions, and move like an unor- 
ganized mob in our front. 

We bivouacked here until 11 o’clock a. m., of the 29th, 
which was Sunday, when we were ordered to return to Chat- 
tanooga, and re-occupy our old camp, which we had left 

(268) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 269 

seven days before in order to fight the battle of Missionary 
Ridge. On our return, we captured many prisoners and 
much abandoned property of Bragg’s Army. Our troops were 
in the best of spirits, cheering every officer of high rank as he 
passed. We arrived in Chattanooga at 6 p. m. 

Since the victory of our troops at Chattanooga, the great 
anxiety of Grant seemed to be the relief of Burnside at Knox- 
ville, Tennessee. In the movement for his relief, Gen. 
Grant, on the 29th, sent Howard with his Corps, which was 
immediately followed by three Divisions of the Army of the 
Tennessee, under Gen. Frank P. Blair, and one Division of the 
Fourteenth Corps, under General Davis. On the 30th two 
Divisions of the Fourth Corps, commanded by General Gor- 
don Granger, were put in motion for the same purpose. A 
Cavalry force, commanded by Brig. -Gen. Elliott, also ac- 
companied these troops. All of them were placed under the 
personal command of General Sherman. This East Tennes- 
see campaign, made in the winter by troops that were ill- 
supplied with clothing and food, and so soon after the battles 
around Chattanooga, which they helped to fight, was very 
severe. But the object for which they were sent fully com- 
pensated the Government. The siege of Knoxville was raised 
on the 5th of December, and the Confederate army under 
Longstreet was driven from Burnside’s front eastward, where 
it was unable to join Bragg. When these troops under Sher- 
man for Knoxville moved out of their camps, they made no 
little stir among us, who remained in Chattanooga. 

We were left in Chattanooga, but the big ‘‘32-pounders” 
no longer frowned down upon us from the lofty battlements 
of Lookout Mountain, as of yore; no more boats, laden with 
rations for our relief, in attempting to pass around the nose 
of Lookout, were driven back; we experienced no more life 
of starvation in Chattanooga. During the months of De- 
cember, 1863, and January, 1864, which were unusually cold 
and severe that winter, we lay in camp at Chattanooga, per- 
forming heavy picket, drill and fatigue duty. On January 



2 ;o History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

26th, however, three of the Regiments of our Brigade — the 
Thirty-fifth and One-hundred and fifth Ohio, and our Regi- 
ment, under the command of Lieut. -Col. William O’Brien — 
were sent to the little town of Harrison, in Hamilton county, 
Tenu., along the river on an expedition, returning on the 
29th. 

It was during a reconnoitring expedition of the Regiment 
on Missionary Ridge about this time, that four men of I Com- 
pany — Samuel Bock, Samuel Landers, William Evans, and 
William Stevenson — were captured. The writer was in com- 
mand of the Company at the time. Bock and Evans died in 
Andersonville prison, the former on April 17th, and the lat- 
ter on May 22d, 1864. Landers died in prison on Belle Isle, 
Richmond, Va. , March 5th, 1864, and Stevenson escaped from 
prison just before the war closed. He found his way to An- 
napolis, Maryland, where, after he had been discharged, but 
before he recuperated sufficiently to get home, he died from 
the effects of his imprisonment. These men were not cap- 
tured in battle, but were gobbled up after having strayed be- 
yond our picket lines. 

During our re-occupancv of Chattanooga, a few of us were 
permitted tore-visit the battlefield of Chickamauga. Scenes 
of the great conflict, which were fresh in our memories, stood 
out vividly before our eyes. The birds chirped gaily as we 
walked through the dense forest of trees into the open field 
near Poe’s house, where we had fought. All nature silently 
smiled, as we stood upon the piles of logs which formed the 
semi-circle of breastworks around Kelley’s farm, where 
“Pap” Thomas withstood the brunt of Bragg’s Army on 
that awful Sunday. Everything, except the ghastly sight 
of the unburied Union dead, and the few logs of breastworks, 
seemed forgetful of the terrible battle waged there only a few 
months before. 

Immediately after the battle, Bragg was willing to ex- 
change those prisoners who were very badly wounded, but 
he refused interment to hundreds of our dead that remained 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



271 



in his hands. O11 that portion of the field where Longstreet 
formed and moved his columns of attack, our dead were 
buried ; but in Polk’s front, hundreds of dead bodies of the 
National troops lay unburied ever since the battle. Even in 
times of grim-visaged war, this kind of inhumanity, by the 
.authority of whomsoever, is cruel and barbarous. After the 
National forces got possession of the field, two Brigades un- 
der Gen. Cruft were directed to perform the duty of burying 
the unburied Union dead left there by the Confederates while 
they held the field. 

After the siege of Knoxville had been raised, the troops 
sent there by Grant, returned except the Fourth Corps under 
Granger. The Eleventh Corps (Howard’s) went into camp 
at Whitesides; Davis’ Division, of the Fourteenth Corps, en- 
camped near Rossville; and Sherman distributed his troops, 
which had been in the East Tennessee campaign, along the 
railroad from Stevenson to Decatur, Alabama, and from 
thence up to Nashville, Tennessee. With the remainder of 
the Army of the Tennessee, Sherman entered upon his 
Meridian campaign against Leonidas Polk. 

O11 the 2 1st of December, General Grant removed his head- 
quarters to Nashville, and General Thomas was placed in 
immediate command of all the troops in and about Chatta- 
nooga. After Bragg’s defeat at Chattanooga, he was relieved 
of the command of the Confederate army confronting us, and, 
on December 27th, General Joseph E. Johnston, a much 
superior officer, was put in command of these forces about 
Dalton. 

While lying in our camp at Chattanooga, the report came 
to the headquarters of the Department of the Cumberland, 
through deserters from the Confederate army, that General 
Johnston was sending detachments of his troops from Dalton, 
where his army lay in winter quarters, to reinforce Polk 
against Sherman. This report happened to be true. Jeff. 
Davis telegraphed Joe Johnston to detach Hardee’s Corps, 
except Stevenson’s Division, to aid Polk in Mississippi 



272 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

against General Sherman. But General Thomas, to ascer- 
tain the truth or falsity of this report, would have to make a 
demonstration in the direction of Dalton, and if the report 
was true, Johnston would be induced to recall his troops. 
Accordingly, on February 22d, Cruft’s Division of the Fourth 
Corps, which had not been sent to Knoxville, and Johnson’s y 
Davis’ and Baird’s Divisions of the Fourteenth Corps, under 
the personal command of General Palmer, were put in motion 
in the direction of Dalton. Cruft’s Division, accompanied 
by Long’s Cavalry, moved out on the 22d, and proceeded as 
far as Red Clay. Our Division and that of Johnson, at the 
same time, moved directly in the vicinity of Ringgold, and 
took position on a knoll among the hills west of Hast Chicka- 
mauga Creek. From here General Palmer sent word to 
General Thomas that two Divisions of Johnston’s army in 
our front were ordered to Polk, who was retreating before 
the advancing columns of General Sherman’s forces. On 
the supposition that this information was true, General 
Thomas put in motion all available troops under him to dis- 
lodge Johnston at Dalton or compel him to recall these Divi- 
sions. In the morning of the 23d Davis’ Division, of our 
Corps, was sent to Palmer at Ringgold, and six Regiments 
from Cleveland, under General Mathias, of the Fifteenth 
Corps, were ordered to reinforce Cruft at Red Clay. The 
Cavalry under Col. Long advanced within four miles of Dal- 
ton, on the Spring Place road, driving in the pickets to their 
reserves, when Long was compelled to withdraw to Russell’s 
Mills. Cruft’s Division proceeded along the road from Red 
Clay to Tunnel Hill, as far as Dr. Lee’s house. 

On the 23d our Division marched through Ringgold and 
encamped two miles beyond the Gap near the Stone Church. 
On the 24th, we moved to Terrill’s house and encamped there. 
In the afternoon of the 25th our Division marched across the 
country to the left and joined the Division of General Cruft 
on the Dalton road. The space over which we were com- 
pelled to march to get into line here consumed considerable 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 273 

time. We formed on the left of General Cruft, and ad- 
vanced down Cox’s Valley to the attack. Our battle line 
was formed with two Brigades in front and one in reserve. 
Turchin’s Brigade was next to Cruft’s Division, and our 
Brigade (Van Derveer’s) was in line on the left of Turchin’s. 
The Third Brigade of our Division, under Col. William H. 
Hays, was in reserve. 

Owing to the impracticability for the movement of Artillery 
in the service which our Division was called upon to perform 
in the demonstration on Dalton, General Baird, on the even- 
ing of the 24th, ordered the Battery belonging to our Brigade 
— the Nineteenth Indiana, under Capt. Harris — to report to 
General Davis for duty. For this reason, our Brigade Bat- 
tery, on the 25th, fought with Davis’ Division. 

Our Division and that of Cruft moved along the east side 
of Rocky Face Ridge, and the Divisions of Davis and Johnson 
moved on the west side of the Ridge. Davis and Johnson 
found the Confederates in force at Buzzard Roost, a gap in 
Rocky Face Ridge, and on account of its steep acclivity, they 
were unable to dislodge them. Baird’s and Cruft’s Divisions 
met the Confederates as they (Baird and Cruft) advanced 
down Rocky Face Valley. We were confronted with great 
resistance by the enemy on one of the hills in the valley. It 
was deemed necessary by General Palmer to ascertain the 
strength of the enemy at this point. Turchin’s Brigade of 
our Division was selected to perform this important duty. In 
his usual way, the gallant Turchin charged the hill and took 
it, but was unable to hold it, as it fairly swarmed with gray- 
backs. The enemy’s strength was thereby developed, 

Simonson’s and Harris’ Batteries occupied prominent 
knolls; at the foot of one of these knolls, and in front of Sim- 
onson’s Battery, the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment lay. We 
were completely enveloped with the smoke from this Battery 
as it fired, and the noise which it made produced the most 
painful sensation in the writer’s ears that he ever felt. 

The Confederates who fought us on this reconnaissance 



274 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

were Hindman’s Corps, Granbury’s Texas Brigade and 
Wheeler’s Cavalry. 

Our Regiment had an experience in this demonstration at 
Dalton, that was a sort of “April-fool” affair. The “Johnny 
Rebs” played a “Yankee trick” on us by setting up a battle 
line of effigies stuffed with straw, and armed with guns of 
wood and swords of sticks, upon which we made a charge as 
bloodless as that made upon the wind-mills in the days of 
knight-errantry. 

Our loss in this reconnaissance was over 300, and that of 
the Confederates was probably over 200. Only parts of the 
enemy’s troops engaged made returns of casualties, and over 
150 are counted. Among the killed and wounded on our 
side were Col. Geza Mihalotzy of the Twenty-fourth Illinois, 
killed; Lieut. -Col. Paul E. Slocum of the Eighty-second In- 
diana of Turchin’s Brigade, mortally wounded; Capt. Samuel 
J. Harris, the gallant commander of the Nineteenth Indiana 
Battery of our Brigade, and Major Watson of the Seventy- 
fifth Illinois, and Major C. J. McCole of our Regiment sever- 
ely wounded; and Lieut. -Col. C. J. Dickerson of the Tenth 
Michigan wounded and taken prisoner. The casualties of 
our Division were mostly from the First Brigade under 
Turchin. This Brigade suffered more than any other Brigade 
that took part in the reconnaissance. The casualties in our 
Regiment were the wounding of Albert Harrold of E Com- 
pany, who was shot in the left arm by a minie ball, and 
Major C. J. McCole who was wounded in the hip. This ex- 
pedition to Dalton was eminently successful. The Confede- 
rate troops sent from Dalton to operate against Gen. Sherman 
were recalled, and the strength of Joe Johnston’s position was 
developed and ascertained by reason of this demonstration. 
We had to sacrifice many valuable lives to attain these ob- 
jects; but only in this way could we accomplish the results 
sought. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



275 



Return of casualties of the Union forces in the demonstration on Dalton, 
Ga., Feb. 22d-2$th, 1864, in command of Major Gen. fohn M. Palmer. 



[Compiled from official reports and. returns.] 



Command. 


Killed. 


Wounded. 


1 

b /3 

'cn 

tfi 

! s 


Aggregate. 

1 


First Division, Fourth Army Corps .... 


5 


64 


l~ 


75 


First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps . . 


7 


! 6 


• 


13 


Second Division, Fourteenth Army Corps . 


18 


87 


; 26 


131 


Third Division, Fourteenth Army Corps . . 


10 


79 


1 


90 


Second Brigade, Second Cavalry Division . 


2 


19 


2 1 


23 


Twenty- eighth Kentucky Regiment . . . 


1 


12 




13 


Total 


43 1 


267 


35 l 


345 



After the demonstration on Dalton, our Division did not 
return to Chattanooga; but was stationed at Ringgold to per- 
form outpost duty. We remained here for two months— 
remained until the advance on Atlanta. 

Ringgold was a little village in Catoosa county, Ga. , lying 
18 miles south east of Chattanooga in a valley of the moun- 
tains situated between Taylor’s Ridge and Hast Chickamauga 
Creek. We were in imminent danger of an attack at any 
time from the enemy. Ten men from the Division were 
detailed every day for patrol duty, and to keep up the con- 
nection of our line with that of the other Divisions of the 
Army. As many as six Regiments out of the Division were 
put on guard duty every day. The strictest vigilance was 
observed. Even with all this care we were at times caught. 
A Regiment of dismounted Confederate Cavalry, on the 
night of the 23d of April, sneaked over Taylor’s Ridge, and 
captured fifteen men of the Ninety-second Illinois Regiment 
on vidette duty at Nickajack Trace, not far from us, and 
robbed and murdered them. 

We tore down some old frame buildings here out of which 
we constructed our bunks. 

In view of the danger here, being in the extreme front of 
our Army and in close proximity to the Confederate forces, a 



2j6 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

religious awakening began from the prayer-meetings held by 
the more piously inclined, who knelt in little groups on the 
bare ground within their bunks, endeavoring to draw near to 
God. As our position apparently increased in danger, the 
prayer-meetings grew in solemnity and interest, until a series 
of religious meetings were inaugurated in our camp, which 
were carried on for the space of two or three weeks. The 
meetings culminated in a large number of conversions, many 
of the converted being immersed in the East Chickarnauga 
Creek. 

Here Charles E. Stanton of F Company, and Patrick Boyle 
of K Company, died of disease, the former on the 9th, and the 
latter on the 29th of March. Here, on March 29th, Col. 
Milton S. Robinson tendered his resignation as commander 
of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment, and returned to the 
peaceful walks of life at Anderson, Indiana. We were sorry 
to see Colonel Robinson leave, as he was a competent officer, 
and held in high esteem by the members of the Regiment. 
In Lieut. -Col. William O’Brien, who succeeded to the com- 
mand of the Regiment, we had a popular and efficient com- 
mander. 

On March 12th, Maj.-Gen. Halleck was relieved from the 
duty of General-in-Chief, and General Grant, who had re- 
cently received the commission of Lieutenant-General, was 
assigned to the command of all the armies of the United 
States. Major. -Gen. William T. Sherman was assigned to 
the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, in 
room of General Grant. Sherman’s command embraced the 
Departments of the Cumberland, Ohio, Tennessee, and the 
Arkansas. Major-Gen. J. B. McPherson was assigned to the 
command of the Department of the Army of the Tennessee in 
room of General Sherman. On April 4th, General Sheridan 
was assigned to the command of the Cavalry in the Army of 
the Potomac, and in his room General John Newton was 
assigned to the command of the Second Division of the 
Fourth Corps. The Eleventh and Twelfth Corps were con- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 277 

solidated into one Corps, and named the Twentieth, with 
General Hooker in command. General Gordon Granger was 
relieved of the command of the Fourth Corps, and General 
Howard was assigned to its command in his stead. General 
Schofield was assigned to the command of the Twenty-third 
Corps. 

On April 29th, General Thomas ordered General Kilpat- 
rick, who was in command of a Division of Cavalry in the 
Department of the Cumberland, to attack and harass the 
Confederate pickets in the direction of Tunnel Hill, with a 
detachment of 500 of his Cavalry. In order to secure this 
Cavalry from defeat by a superior force of the enemy, General 
Baird ordered our Brigade with a section of Harris’ Battery, 
under the personal command of Col. Van Derveer, as a sup- 
port. This reconnaissance was the initiatory movement in 
the general advance of Sherman’s Army upon the Atlanta 
campaign. We came upon the Confederate outposts at the 
break of day, and forced them back into the woods, to their 
reserves. They had cut down trees behind which they took 
refuge and from which they fought us, thus somewhat retard- 
ing our progress, but we continued to slowly force our way 
towards the town of Tunnel Hill, notwithstanding these im- 
pediments, until we reached the vicinity of Terrill’s house. 
Here a force of Infantry and Cavalry, larger than our own, 
confronted us, and we deemed it proper to withdraw. The 
advance of our forces, however, under Kilpatrick, went as 
far as Davis’ house, where a lively fight took place, in which 
the Confederates were handsomely beaten. Our loss in the 
whole force was ten men wounded. The Confederate General 
Humes, whose force we fought, lost three killed and seven- 
teen wounded and missing. 

Van Horne, in his History of the Army of the Cumberland, 
says of this movement : 

“ On the 29th of April, a tentative advance was made by General Baird, 
having reference to the general movement of the united armies. He sent 
three hundred cavalry, under General Kilpatrick, supported by Vanderveer’s 
brigade, to feel the enemy’s position at Tunnel Hill.” 



278 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

The following is Humes’ report of the affair: 

Tunnel Hill , April 29th, 1864. 

The enemy from Ringgold this morning were about 1,500 infantry,* 2 
pieces of artillery, 300 cavalry. They have withdrawn to Ringgold Gap, 
and our pickets have been re-established. Our loss near 20 killed, wounded 
and missing. 

W. Y. C. HUMES, 
Brigadier-General , Commanding . 

Major A. P. MASON, 

Assistant A djutant- General. 

It was now the main purpose of the Government authori- 
ties not only to retain the territory occupied by the National 
forces, but also to effect an aggressive mobilization of the 
Army by the maintenance of communications, by reinforce- 
ments, recuperations, and reorganizations of troops, and by 
the accumulation of material and supplies. As the year 1863 
closed, and as our movements to the south upon reconnais- 
sances indicated, it was plain to be seen that we had to con- 
front again our old antagonist, the Army of the Tennessee, 
(Confederate) under the most skillful leader in the Confed- 
eracy. We were not quite ready to assume the offensive. 
Our attitude as yet was mainly on tire defensive. During the 
siege of Chattanooga, about ten thousand animals had died 
for us, and those which survived the siege were unfit for an 
aggressive campaign. Many of our Regiments were absent 
on veteran furlough by reason of their re-enlistments. Hence 
the duty now devolved upon us was to make the necessary 
preparation as rapidly as possible, for an aggressive move- 
ment. Chattanooga was made the base of our supplies; large 
storehouses were being constructed there as receptacles for 
the accumulated supplies; steamboats were being built; 
horses and mules for the Cavalry, Artillery and wagons were 
being brought forward; and long, heavily-loaded trains on 
the railroads were entering Chattanooga day and night, with 
munitions of war. 

*The number of Infantry is greatly magnified. We had not half as many 
as Humes represents. 



CHAPTER XI. 



ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. 

(MAY, JUNK, JULY, 1864.) 

During the first few days of May, 1864, we began to pre- 
pare for aggressive work in the arduous campaign against 
Atlanta. The men of our Regiment, together with their 
accoutrements, were carefully inspected. The sick, defective 
guns, cartridge-boxes and all surplus baggage were sent to 
the rear. We were ordered to fill our cartridge boxes with a 
full supply of ammunition, and our haversacks with three 
days’ rations. 

Company C of the Regiment, numbering 27 men, under 
Captain Poison, was detached at this time to guard the Medi- 
cal Supply train on the advance to Atlanta; 17 recruits be- 
longing to the Ninth Ohio Regiment were with the Company. 
During the march to Savannah, Captain Poison’s Company 
was also employed as guards at the warehouses in Atlanta, 
and it did not rejoin the Regiment until we reached Golds- 
boro, N. C. There were 27 sick men of the Regiment sent 
to Chattanooga before the campaign opened, and 12 others 
were on detached duties at the hospitals; so that, at the be- 
ginning of the campaign, our Regiment had 358 present for 
duty. 

The new commander under whom the Seventy-fifth Indi- 
ana served from this time to the close of hostilities — Major- 
General William Tecumseh Sherman — was great in both 
military and civil life. He was a many-sided man. As a 
military strategist, leader of men, author and orator, he had 
few superiors. On the battle-fields, he portrayed a genius for 
the military of the highest order, with a courage, hardihood 

(279) 



280 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

and endurance that have never been excelled. In his official 
reports during the war, and in his military writings since, he 
has exhibited the rare gifts of a brilliant and ready writer. 
In his frequent off-hand talks at re-unions of ex-soldiers, he 
displayed his remarkable oratorical and conversational tal- 
ents. When he began his campaign against Atlanta, he had 
spies and scouts all over the country, and maps which showed 
every road and cross-road,, river and stream, farm and farm- 
house on the line of advance from Chattanooga to Atlanta. 
He had the bridges for spanning the rivers constructed in the 
North, and held them in readiness to put together at a mo- 
ment’s notice. Although his wily antagonist, Johnston, 
burned the bridges and tore up the railroad track as he re- 
treated, Sherman replaced them each day as he advanced. 
Before the war, General Sherman had been a traveller all 
through the South, and his perceptions were so quick, and 
his comprehension of the topography of the country through 
which he passed was so extraordinary, that he seemed to have 
a better understanding of it than any of the intelligent resi- 
dents. He actually knew more about the country than the 
Southern generals seemed to know. 

The National troops comprising the Military Division of 
the Mississippi on the Atlanta campaign under Sherman, 
embraced three armies; the Army of the Cumberland in com- 
mand of General Thomas, with an effective strength of 60,- 
773 in infantry, artillery and cavalry; the Army of the Ten- 
nessee under General McPherson, numbering 24,465 in in- 
fantry, artillery and cavalry; and the Army of the Ohio com- 
manded by General Schofield, with a strength of 13,559 in 
infantry, artillery and cavalry; aggregating 98,797 men. 

The Confederate Army, against which we were to operate, 
was commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston, and was 
divided into three Corps d’Armee, commanded respectively 
by Lieutenant-Generals Hardee, Hood and Polk, and the 
Cavalry Corps was under General Joseph Wheeler. Johnston 
estimated his strength in the aggregate at about 50,000 men; 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 281 



but Hood, who commanded a Corps in it, says its strength 
was 70,000. 

Organization of the Third Division, Fourteenth Army 
Corps, in the Atlanta campaign, May 1st to September 8th, 
1864. 

THIRD DIVISION. 



Brig. -Gen. Absalom Baird. 



First Brigade. 

Brig. -Gen. John B. Turchin./ 
Col. Moses B. Walker. 

19th Illinois, £ Lieut.-Col. Alexander 
W. Raffen. 

24th Illinois, / Capt. August Mauff. 
82d Indiana, Col. Morton C. Hunter. 
23d Missouri , m Col. William P. Rob- 
inson. 

nth Ohio,« Lieut. -Col. Ogden Street. 
17th Ohio, Col. Durbin Ward. 

/ Col. Moses B. Walker. 
31st Ohio, -I Lieut. -Col. Frederick W. 
I Lister. 

89th Ohio, J Maj. John H. Jolly. 

I Col. Caleb. H. Carlton, o 
92d Ohio, Col. Benjamin D. Fearing. 

Second Brigade. 

Col. Ferdinand Van Derveer./> 
Col. Newell Gleason. 

{ Lieut.-Col. William 
O’Brien.#' 

Maj. Cyrus J. McCole. 

{ Col. Newell Gleason. 
Lieut.-Col. Edwin P. 
Hammond. 

101st Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Thomas 
Doan. 



f Col. James 
I George, r 

2d Minnesota, Lieut .. Col Jud . 

son W. Bishop. 
9th Ohio , s Col. Gustave Kammer- 
ling. 

35th Ohio, / Maj. Joseph L. Budd. 
105th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. George T. 
Perkins. 

Third Brigade. 

Col. George P. Este. 

10th Indiana , u Lieut.-Col. Marsh B. 
Taylor. 

f Lieut.-Col. Myron 



74th Indiana, | 



Baker, v 



Maj. Thomas Mor- 
gan. 

10th Kentucky, Col. William H. 
Hays. 

18th Kentucky , w Lieut.-Col. Hub- 
bard K. Mil ward. 

14th Ohio, J Maj. John W. Wilson.* 
t Capt. George W. Kirk. 
r Capt. William A. 
38th Ohio, -j Choate. 

v Capt. Joseph Wagstaff. 



j Sick from July 15. k Relieved for muster-out June 9. I Relieved for muster-out June 28. 
m Joined July 10. n Relieved for muster-out June 10; non-veterans organized into a battal- 
ion and attached to the 92d Ohio, o Assumed command June 1. />Sick from June 27. 
q Wounded July 20. r Relieved for muster-out June 23. 5 Relieved for muster-out May 22. 
/Relieved for muster-out August 3. u Part of the time detached at Marietta. ^Killed 
August 5. w Remained at Ringgold, x Wounded September 1. 

19 



282 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Artillery .* 

Capt. George Estep. 

Indiana Light, 7th Battery, Capt Otho H. Morgan. 

Indiana Light, 19th Battery, Lieut. William P. Stackhouse- 

Oll May 1st, Sherman’s Army in Northern Georgia con- 
fronted Johnston’s. The Army of the Cumberland, (ours) 
was in the vicinity of Ringgold, constituting the centre; the 
Army of the Tennessee was on the Chickamattga a few miles 
south of us at Gordon’s Mills, forming the right flank; and 
the Army of the Ohio lay 011 the line of Georgia and Tennes- 
see, directly north of Dalton and near Red Clay. It consti- 
tuted the left flank. Johnston’s Army was well intrenched 
about Dalton. It lay behind the spurs of Rocky Face Ridge, 
between Tunnel Hill and Dalton. Through this Ridge ran 
Buzzard Roost Pass, and through this narrow Pass ran the 
railroad, wagon road and Mill Creek. Johnston had obstructed 
this Pass by felling trees in it, and by constructing dams 
across the creek, which flooded it. He also planted his Bat- 
teries along the spurs of the inaccessible Ridges. Hence it 
would have been a hazardous undertaking for Sherman to at- 
tempt to dislodge Johnston by a direct attack. He,, therefore,, 
manoeuvred him out of his strong position at Dalton, by a 
flank movement. He ordered the Army of the Tennessee 
under McPherson to make a bold demonstration through 
Snake Creek Gap in the direction of Resaca. During the 
execution of this movement, the Army of the Cumberland 
under Thomas was directed to make a strong demonstration 
in front of the enemy at Tunnel Hill, Buzzard Roost and 
Rocky Face Ridge. And the Army of the Ohio under Scho- 
field was ordered to descend from the north of Dalton and 
protect the left flank of the army under Thomas. This gen- 
eral plan of operation against Johnston was carried out with 
success. 

On the 6th the general forward movement began. In 
compliance with orders we did not move until the 7th. Our 



* Merged into the Artillery Brigade of the Corps July 24,. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 283 

Army (the Cumberland) advanced at daylight in three col- 
umns; the Fourteenth Corps under Palmer took the direct 
road, the Fourth Corps under Howard moved on our left, and 
the Twentieth Corps under Hooker passed through Nicka- 
jack Gap and Trickum. The Confederates made some resist- 
ance in front of the First and Second Divisions of our Corps 
in the vicinity of Tunnel Hill; but the Fourth Corps, coming 
up 011 our left, they evacuated Tunnel Hill and retreated to 
Buzzard Roost. Our Division moved in reserve. The Third 
Brigade was left to garrison Ringgold, and it was fully 4 p. 
m. before our Brigade reached Tunnel Hill, where we found 
the other two Divisions of the Corps in position. I11 moving 
this distance of eight miles, our Regiment deployed in line 
of battle several times. We went into position on the right 
of the Fourth Corps and bivouacked for the night. The 
Twentieth Corps encamped at Trickum, and the Cavalry un- 
der Kilpatrick moved to Gordon’s Springs to hold the com- 
munication between us and McPherson. 

O11 the morning of the 8th, our Brigade advanced only two 
miles, where we remained in reserve for three days. During 
this time we heard McPherson’s troops skirmishing on our 
right, as they passed in the rear of the enemy’s left flank. 
Howard’s Corps pushed along the crest of Rocky Face Ridge 
and took position near the enemy’s signal station. I11 the 
afternoon our Division moved to the support of Davis and 
Johnson, of our Corps. Davis’ Division of our Corps, Butter- 
field’s Division of the Twentieth Corps and Wood’s Division 
of the Fourth Corps, drove the enemy’s skirmishers into their 
intrenchments and held the entrance to Buzzard Roost. 
Geary’s Division of the Twentieth Corps was ordered to 
scale Chattooga Mountain, and not succeeding, his troops 
retired to a position in the valley out of the reach of the guns 
of the enemy. 

During the 9th and 10th heavy skirmishing was kept up. 
Many persons were wounded, and but few killed. The bat- 
tle of Rocky Face Ridge on the 9th, in which Johnson’s and 



2S4 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Davis’ Divisions of our Corps, and McCook’s Cavalry Divis- 
ion, fought Stewart’s and Bate’s Divisions of Infantry and 
Wheeler’s Cavalry, resulted in the Confederates being driven 
to their reserves with a heavy loss. Our loss was 151 in 
killed, wounded and captured. Colonel Lagrange, command- 
ing a Brigade of the Cavalry, was among the captured. 

Hooker’s Corps went to the support of McPherson in his 
passage through Snake Creek Gap. It rained all day of the 
nth. On the 12th, Palmer’s Corps, our Division in the ad- 
vance, moved also to the support of McPherson, who had 
passed through Snake Creek Gap into Sugar Valley, threaten- 
ing Resaca. As our Regiment passed into the Gap, we took 
position on the left of the line of the Brigade. Being now in 
Johnston’s rear, we forced his evacuation on that same night 
from Dalton. 

O11 the 1 2th, our entire army received orders for a forward 
movement, the object of which was to interpose between the 
Confederates and the town of Resaca, and to interrupt their 
communications. The advance began at 6 o’clock on the 
morning of the 13th. The Army of the Tennessee moved 
directly on Resaca, with its left resting on Camp Creek, fol- 
lowed closely by the Army of the Cumberland, until the Dal- 
ton and Calhoun wagon road was reached, when the latter 
turned to the left in the direction of Dalton and joined its 
right to the former’s left. The Army of the Ohio followed 
the Army of the Cumberland as far as the Dalton and Rome 
wagon road, when it turned to the left, and connecting with 
the Army of the Cumberland, moved abreast with it. The 
Cavalry under Garrard and Kilpatrick picketed all roads in 
our rear and moved south of the main road to Resaca. This 
general movement resulted in the battle of Resaca. About 
noon we marched with the rest of the army and took position 
upon a steep hill of thick woods on the left of the First 
Division of our Corps, which skirmished with the- enemy, 
our Division not being engaged. 

Early on the morning of the 14th, our Division was set in 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 285 

motion in conjunction with the First Division of our Corps, 
pushing forward until we encountered the enemy. General 
Baird formed the two Brigades of his Division into line of 
battle. He posted the Second, (ours) under Colonel Van 
Derveer on the right, and the First, under Brig. -Gen. Tur- 
chin, on the left; both Brigades being formed in two lines. 
The Thirty-fifth Ohio of our Brigade was deployed as skir- 
mishers. As we moved forward up the acclivity of a steep hill, 
we were subjected to a galling fire from the enemy’s Artillery. 
During the night the Seventy-fifth Indiana was placed 011 
the picket line, and in the morning of the 15th, Companies 
H, E, and K were deployed as skirmishers. The Confede- 
rates having evacuated their fortifications, our Regiment, 
with the Brigade, followed in close pursuit to Resaca. I11 
this action of the 14th and 15th, Robert M. Brownfield of A 
Company, Joseph Lloyd of D Company, Jacob Coffman and 
Andrew P. Bilbee of E Company, were more or less severely 
wounded. Brownfield was mortally wounded, dying at Chat- 
tanooga, June 29th. Coffman was wounded in the left breast, 
and Bilbee in the hand. The Eighty-seventh Indiana lost 
one killed and one wounded, and the One-hundred and first 
Indiana lost three wounded. It is not known what the losses 
in the other Regiments of the Brigade were. In this battle 
of Resaca we fought Hindman’s Division of Hood’s Corps, 
mostly troops from Alabama and Mississippi. The casual- 
ties in this battle of Resaca cannot be ascertained, as the 
losses in the Army of the Cumberland were reported monthly 
in the aggregate. General Baird reports the losses, however, 
in our Division at 16 killed and 119 wounded, our Regiment 
losing four. 

During the night of the 15th, the Confederates evacuated 
Resaca, crossing the Oostanaula River on the railroad bridge 
and pontoons a mile above it, which they destroyed imme- 
diately thereafter. 

The Third Brigade of our Division, which had been left at 
Ringgold to do garrison duty, and not in the fight at Resaca, 



2(85 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 




of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



287 



joined us here, and on the morning of the 16th, when we took 
possession of the town, this Brigade’s skirmishers were the 
first to enter. We remained in the town until midnight, 
awaiting the construction of pontoon bridges across the 
Oostanaula, which was necessary to pass over. The Army of 
the Tennessee crossed at Lay’s Ferry. Our Corps, preceded 
by Howard’s, crossed at Resaca. It was after midnight before 
our Division got over. 

On the 17th, Sherman’s combined armies made an advance. 
I11 the campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta, Sherman 
followed the track of the Western and Atlantic Railroad, 
without which he could not have successfully made the cam- 
paign, and for which all the battles of the campaign were 
fought. The three armies, retaining their relative positions 
to each other, as at the beginning, the Army of the Tennessee 
composing the right, and that of the Ohio the left, while the 
Army of the Cumberland formed the centre, moved directly 
south from this point, until Kingston was reached. The 
Twentieth Corps joined the left, and the Fourth and Four- 
teenth joined the right. The Cavalry under Stoneman 
moved on the extreme left flank, and that of Garrard hung on 
the extreme right flank. 

On the 18th and 19th our Division pursued the Confeder- 
ates through the towns of Calhoun, Adairsville and Kings- 
ton, and went into position on the right of the Fourth Corps 
with our right resting on the railroad, near Cassville Station. 
Here we remained three days. While lying here in camp, 
on the 21st, the three years' term of service of the Ninth 
Ohio Regiment expired, and it left the Brigade for Cincinnati. 
To the last, this fine old Regiment was in range of the 
enemy’s guns. We stood along the road and lustily cheered 
tjie “German boys” as they passed from the front. While 
encamped here, we were supplied with rations and forage 
sufficient for twenty days. 

On the 23d, the Seventy-fifth Regiment with its Brigade 
and Division marched to the Etowah River at Island Ford, 



288 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

and fording it there, encamped on Euharlee Creek. Here 
Sherman gave orders for a few days’ rest from pursuit of 
Johnston’s Army, which occupied a strong position at Alla- 
toona Pass. During the remainder of the month, our Divis- 
ion was in the rear of the line of battle, guarding the army 
transportation trains. We were in the vicinity of Burnt 
Hickory. 

On June 2d, Turchin’s Brigade was left in charge of the 
trains at Burnt Hickory, ours and Este’s Brigades were 
ordered to the front again. Our Brigade took a position in 
front of the enemy in a single line of battle on Pumpkin Vine 
Creek, east of Dallas. Relieving a part of Johnson’s Di- 
vision of our Corps, our line was very close to the Confeder- 
ate works, which were strongly constructed; the balance of 
Johnson’s Division was on our right and the Army of the 
Ohio was on our left. The men of the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
labored assiduously, like beavers, night and day, on the 3d 
and 4th, in order to advance our skirmishers and intrench 
ourselves in the position which we had gained. The Con* 
federates charged our lines several times, but we pushed them 
into their intrenchments and planted our Batteries near them. 
We skirmished very actively during our occupancy of this 
position, which we held until the night of the 6th, when the 
Confederates evacuated their position in our front and we 
moved forward immediately into their works. The One- 
hundred and first Indiana had five men wounded here. 

On the morning of the 7th, our Brigade marched to a point 
within three miles of the railroad near Acworth, where we 
formed line on the left of Hooker’s Corps, near Durham’s 
house. Here the First Brigade from Burnt Hickory joined 
the Division. From this time to the end of the month, our 
entire Army was continually alternating between movements, 
halts and fights. There was not an hour in which a portion 
of the Army was not under fire from the enemy. The contin- 
uous roar of musketry and boom of cannon, far and near, be* 
came so monotonous to us that they no longer attracted our 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 289 

attention, unless they came to our immediate front, and we 
became engaged. We cooked our meals and ate them, wrote 
letters to loved ones at home, washed and mended our cloth- 
ing, hunted for “graybacks” and found them along the 
seams of our shirts, polished our guns, built breastworks and 
slept under this ceaseless “zip” of the bullet and “screech” 
of the shell. 

The Confederates now occupied Kenesaw, Lost and Pine 
Mountains, which formed a sort of triangle. They covered 
the town of Marietta and the railroad to the Chattahoochee 
River. On the peaks of these mountains they had signal 
stations, and on their crests their Batteries were planted, and 
every spur was thick with soldiers felling trees, digging pits, 
and making preparations for the grand impending struggle. 
From their lofty battlements on the tops of these mountains 
the enemy viewed our movements and positions. The scene 
was enchanting and magnificent — too beautiful to be dis- 
turbed by the harsh and clamorous voice of war. The enemy 
could see the smoke and hear the whistle of our locomotives 
drawing long trains of cars, running close up to our skirmish 
line. The engineer of one of these engines ran so close to 
the Confederate line that a Battery fired upon it, and the 
engineer answered the shot by the whistle of his engine; for 
his boldness we cheered vociferously. 

The time had come for another advance movement. Gen- 
eral Sherman ordered that the Army of the Cumberland 
should move on the Burnt Hickory and Marietta road with a 
view of striking the northern end of Kenesaw; and the Army 
of the Tennessee should go by the Acworth and Marietta 
road; and the Army of the Ohio should move in the di- 
rection of Lost Mountain. O11 the 10th, we took position 
in front of Pine Mountain. McPherson was on our im- 
mediate left, along the railroad, curving around the base 
of Kenesaw, while Schofield was on the right of us, fac- 
ing south towards Lost Mountain. On the nth, we moved 
half a mile to the left, forming line of battle in plain view of 



290 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

the Confederates’ works and within range of their Batteries. 
Our skirmishers here had quite a battle with their pickets. 
Our object was to gain possession of the wagon road leading 
from Burnt Hickory through these mountains to Marietta on 
the railroad, and the Confederates held it by their occupancy 
of the mountain. During our movements, our Batteries did 
effectual work. In this position here our Division joined the 
Fourth Corps on our right and the First Division of our 
Corps on our left. The battle-line of our Division ran about 
a mile north of the Marietta road, facing south and confront- 
ing the north-east side of the Mountain. We were in this 
position strongly intrenched for two days. The whole line 
moved forward on the 14th, until we reached the Big Shanty 
road, where we built heavy breastworks. Directly in our 
front a few hundred yards were the strong intrenchments 
of the enemy, running eastward from Pine Mountain. The 
Confederates who confronted us here were Bate’s Division — 
the same troops we fought at Hoover’s Gap and Chickamauga. 
During the night the enemy abandoned his position, and on 
the morning of the next day we moved into his works, while 
he retreated only a short distance to another line of intrench- 
ments, which had been previously built for his occupancy. 
Thus our Division and the enemy maneuvered for several 
days. It was on this mountain (Pine) on the 14th, in our 
front, that Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk was killed. 
Prior to the war, Polk was a Bishop in the Episcopalian 
Church, and at the time of his death he commanded a Corps 
in the Confederate Army confronting us. He was killed by 
a cannon ball from one of our Batteries. 

At this time the pick and the spade were as essential to 
successful warfare as the gun and cartridge-box. Our tough 
experience taught us the lesson, that the spade and the gun 
were inseparable companions in practical warfare on the At- 
lanta campaign. Our breastworks, in the construction of 
which the spades, picks and axes were used, usually consisted 
of long logs piled upon the one end of short logs, like a rail 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 291 

fence, the other end of the short logs lying on the ground. 
Against the outer side of these logs — the side next to the 
•enemy — was thrown up a heavy embankment, and on the 
inner side of this, next to 11s, was dug a deep ditch running 
parallel to the logs in which we stood during a fight. All 
this was supplemented by a large log extending along the 
•crest of the works, with sufficient space beneath to thrust our 
rifles and shoot. These works were sometimes made from 
five to ten feet in thickness, and became a good protection to 
us from the enemy’s artillery and musketry. 

On Saturday the 18th, our Division advanced with the 
Fourth Corps on our immediate right, Pine Mountain having 
been gained. The Confederates had retreated to a new line 
of works just back of Mud Creek. Our advance on this oc- 
casion was a memorable day to the members of the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana, and of other Regiments of the Brigade. We 
advanced in a violent rain and thunder-storm, and the ground 
was soft and wet. The Second Minnesota and the Thirty- 
fifth Ohio — the only two Regiments that had enlisted in 1861 
now belonging to the Brigade — were deployed as skirmishers. 
The Seventy-fifth and One-hundred and first Indiana Regi- 
ments were in the first line immediately in rear of the 
skirmishers, and the Eighty-seventh Indiana and the One- 
hundred and fifth Ohio Regiments constituted the second line 
of battle. The skirmishers and first line, both, carried picks 
and spades with their guns. We were compelled to push our 
way through a marshy undergrowth and woods, so thick that 
the Artillery could not follow 11s. The ground over which we 
advanced for the space of a mile was wet and muddy. We 
•crossed a little stream appropriately named “Mud Creek.” 
Presently we emerged into an open field on high ground, 
within 350 or 400 yards of the enemy’s carefully constructed 
fortifications of massive strength, manned with Artillery and 
swarming with Confederates, whose line of skirmishers was 
withdrawn for the affray. Our skirmi shers kept up such an in- 
cessant musketry fire, that for a short time the Confederates 



292 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

could not so much as raise their heads above their works to 
shoot. We, who composed the first line of battle, now took 
advantage of this, and made the dirt fly with our picks and 
spades in the construction of our works. The writer has 
never worked so hard and fast since. Both skirmishers and 
we of the first line thus intrenched ourselves. We had ad- 
vanced our whole line and built our fortifications very thick 
on open ground, beyond the edge of the woods, before the eyes 
of the enemy, who, at intervals, poured a fusilade of solid 
shot at short range upon us. General Howard, who com- 
manded the Fourth Corps on our immediate right, and was 
an eye-witness, speaks thus of the affair: “That night, the 
16th of June, Johnston again went back to a new line, already 
prepared, just behind Mud Creek. Our troops being on the 
alert, followed at once with great rapidity. Just where the 
old lines joined the new (for Johnston’s right wing was un- 
changed), I saw a feat the like of which never elsewhere fell 
under my observation. Baird’s Division, in a comparatively 
open field, put forth a heavy skirmish line, which continued 
such a rapid fire of rifles as to keep down a corresponding 
hostile line behind its well-constructed trenches, while the 
picks and shovels behind the skirmishers fairly flew, till a 
good set of works was made four hundred yards off, and par- 
allel to the enemy’s.” (Century Mag., July, 1887, p. 454.) 

In the meantime Captain Dilger of the First Ohio Battery, 
belonging to the First Division of our Corps, ran his six guns 
directly in front of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment, and 
opened fire upon the enemy’s Batteries. With the flash and 
roar of Artillery mingling with the lightning and thunder of 
the rain-storm, nature seemed to conspire with man in this 
destructive work. A murderous and fearful artillery duel 
ensued, the like of which we never saw. Some of the solid 
shots from the enemy’s guns tore clean through our strong 
fortifications, scattering the dirt and splinters in all direc- 
tions. Three men in F Company of our Regiment were in- 
stantly killed by the concussion of the cannon balls. Prob- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



293 



ably not during our entire term of service had we as great a 
desire to take the horizontal position upon mother earth face 
downwards, as on this occasion. The following excerpt is 
taken from General Baird’s official report of the Division in 
this fight: 

June 18, having been instructed by the corps commander that Major-Gen- 
eral Howard, with the Fourth Corps, intended to swing forward toward the 
left, so as to sweep along the enemy’s line, I was at the same time ordered 
to conform to this movement and advance with those troops. My line of 
march was through a very difficult wood and morass nearly a mile in width, 
impassable for the artillery. It was, therefore, sent around by the left while 
the troops worked their way through the woods. Passing this, we came in- 
to open ground immediately in front of works of the enemy. The Fourth 
Corps at the same time came up on my right, and a sharp encounter ensued 
between our men and the rebels behind their breast-works, but the unceas- 
ing and rapid fire of our line kept theirs subdued, and our loss was less than 
could have been expected. I immediately ordered my men to creep forward 
as well as they could and construct a cover for themselves on the crest of the 
open ground facing directly into the embrasures of the rebel batteries. Hav- 
ing no artillery with me, Capt. Hubert Dilger, of the First Ohio Artillery, be- 
longing to the First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, volunteered to bring 
up his guns, and, placing them upon the line w 7 here my men w 7 ere intrench- 
ing, opened fire and maintained them there throughout the afternoon, dis- 
playing a splendid courage not often witnessed. The coolness and bravery 
displayed by my own men exceeds all praise, and by dark they had con- 
structed a line of rifle-pits in open ground confronting the finished w 7 orks of 
the enemy, and within 500 yards of them. I had obtained a magnificent 
position, and lost 40 men in so doing. 

It continued to rain incessantly, and at the break of day on 
Sunday, the 19th, it was discovered that the Confederates 
had again evacuated their works and had fallen back as 
usual into previously prepared lines of intrenchments at 
Kenesaw Mountain. We immediately advanced upon them, 
the Regiments of the Brigade moving in line of battle re- 
latively as they moved and fought on the day previous. 
After a severe skirmish, we took position dose up to the base 
of the mountain near Kirk’s house, and intrenched there. 
We lay here for several days under the enemy’s severe ar- 
tillery fire, while we almost hourly skirmished with him. 
There was an incessant exchange of artillery shots day and 



294 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

night between our Batteries and those of the Confederates on 
top of the mountain. At times the sublimity of the uisplays- 
in the artillery duels arose beyond all conception. Some of 
our men were wounded, while eating their meals. We were 
usually kept very closely confined in the ditches, which 
the rain had made very muddy. The position of our Divis- 
ion did not materially change until the 26th, except on the 
night of the 22d, when our Brigade moved half a mile to the 
right. 

In this movement to the right, six men in the Second Min- 
nesota were killed and wounded. One of the killed was the 
Sergeant-Major of the Regiment, who, not having re-enlisted 
as a veteran, would have been discharged on the next day 
and sent home. After three years of faithful service without 
getting hurt, it was sad to see this brave fellow 7 die at the- 
very last hour of his term of service. 

General Baird reports that the Division lost 40 men on the 
18th, and 30 on the 20th, and that the daily loss of killed 
and wounded in the Division in front of Kenesaw Mountain 
between the 18th and the 26th averaged 20 men. 

The casualties of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment in 
front of Kenesaw from the 18th to the 26th were killed 4, 
and wounded 9. The names of these men were John G. Mote 
of A Company, and Isaac M. Larick, James Porter and David 
Riley of F Company, killed. The nine men who were more 
or less severely wounded were Lemuel Freeman of A Com- 
pany; James Holloway of B Company; Earl S. Stone of D 
Company; Stephen H. Myers of E Company; Ebenezer Blos- 
som and Walter B. Kress of H Company; Corporal John 
Powell and George W. Passwater and John Baker of I Com- 
pany. Mote was struck by a minie ball in the evening of 
the 22d, and died in a few hours; Larick, Porter and Riley 
were killed instantly, 011 the 18th, by the concussion of a 
cannon ball; Freeman received a flesh wound in the left side;. 
Holloway was severely wounded in the scrotum; Stone, who, 
prior to the war, had been a young law student of much 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 295 

promise, was stunned by a cannon ball which impaired his 
mind. Serg’t. Mills of his Company undertook to hold him 
after the accident occurred, but he escaped from his hands, 
and ran as fleet as a deer into the woods from whence the 
Regiment had emerged. From the effects of his wound, this 
unfortunate fellow has been for many years confined in an 
asylum for the insane. Myers was wounded in the left side on 
the 21st; Kress received a bad fracture of the elbow which 
necessitated the amputation of his arm ; Blossom was wounded 
in the left thigh; Passwater was struck in the back, but his 
face was turned towards the enemy at the time. While re- 
clining with his head to the foe, on the 18th, a piece of shell 
ploughed down his back; and Baker was wounded in the 
head by a minie ball. Here also Lieutenant Jones of the 
Second Minnesota was killed and eleven men of that Regi- 
ment were wounded. The Eighty-seventh Indiana lost one 
man killed and three severely wounded; and the One-hundred 
and first Indiana lost thirteen wounded, two of whom were 
officers. The Nineteenth Indiana Battery lost one man 
wounded. 

On the 24th, Sherman ordered an assault at two points of 
the line, south of Kenesaw. One was to be made by troops 
from the Army of the Tennessee, near Little Kenesaw, and 
the other by troops from the Army of the Cumberland, about 
a mile south of McPherson’s point of attack. Both points in 
Johnston’s line were to be assailed simultaneously. The day 
set was the 27th. From the Army of the Cumberland, Gen- 
eral Thomas designated Newton’s Division of the Fourth, 
and Davis’ Division of the Fourteenth Corps to make the 
charge, and ordered our Division to support Davis. In com- 
pliance with this order from the Department commander, 
our Division was relieved from its position as the left of the 
Army of the Cumberland by a Division of the Army of the 
Tennessee. On Sunday night of the 26th, about 10 o’clock, 
we quit our position in the line, and marched a distance 
of three miles, bivouacking at midnight near Depart- 



2 )6 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

nieut headquarters in rear of Davis : Division. While on 
picket that night, David Eubanks of E Company burst his 
gun. Our Brigade was formed in two lines and moved to the 
right rear of Davis’ Division to support it on that flank. We 
did not become engaged, but we had a fine opportunity of be- 
ing eye-witnesses to one of the most terrific assaults in the 
history of the war. Newton and Davis reached the enemy’s 
works without dislodging him. Some of their men were 
killed on the parapets of the enemy. It was a great sacrifice 
of life for the results accomplished. It developed the strength 
of the enemy, and showed him how the troops of our grand 
old army could fight. The two assaults by both McPherson 
and Thomas failed, costing us many valuable lives. The 
troops of McPherson encountered the Confederates of Eoring’s 
Corps, and those of Thomas Hardee’s Corps. The loss in 
the Army of the Tennessee was considerably over 1,000, and 
that of the Divisions of Newton and Davis of the Army of the 
Cumberland aggregated 1580. Comparatively little loss was 
inflicted upon the enemy, as he lay behind well-constructed 
breast-works. This was the famous battle of Kenesaw 
Mountain, and it did not last over an hour and a half. 

After this, the Union and Confederate lines of intrench- 
ments became very near each other. In some places, they 
were not over thirty yards apart. The lines of oi;r Brigade 
were so close to the enemy, that no one on either side could 
show his head above the works without getting shot. For a 
little diversion we would sometimes put our cap or hat 011 a 
bayonet, and hold it above the works, when it would be 
pierced by a bullet in an instant. We could advance only by 
night. 

On Wednesday, the 29th, an armistice between Davis’ Di- 
vision and the Confederates was agreed upon, for the burial 
of the dead caused by the conflict on the 27th. Between the 
hours of 8 a. m. and 1 p. m. we sat upon our breast- works 
looking at these men, who had fought each other so desper- 
ately a couple of days before, now mingling among each 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 297 

other like friends; burying their respective dead. The sight 
was sad and strange. After one o’clock had arrived, we all 
had to get behind our works, and resume hostilities. 

On the 27th, our Brigade commander, Colonel Ferdinand 
Van Derveer of the Thirty-fifth Ohio, on account of sickness, 
was relieved from duty, and Colonel Newell Gleason of the 
Eighty-seventh Indiana was by seniority assigned to the 
command of the Brigade, which command he retained to the 
end of the war. Colonel Van Derveer was one of the bravest, 
best and most accomplished officers in the army. I11 Colonel 
Gleason our Brigade found a gallant, prompt and efficient 
commander. 

Our position in line was not materially changed until the 
evacuation of Kenesaw Mountain by the enemy during the 
night of July 2d. The Twentieth Corps was on the right, 
joining the left of the Army of the Ohio, on the road leading 
from Powder Springs to Marietta; the Fourteenth Corps, ex- 
cept the First Division, was in the centre, and the Fourth 
Corps was on the left, connecting with the Army of the Tenn- 
essee. The First Division of Cavalry, under McCook, was 
on the right flank of the Army of the Ohio, while the Third 
Division of Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Lowe, was on 
the railroad between Cartersville and Dalton. 

The three Corps under Thomas remained in close prox- 
imity to the enemy’s works, while McPherson’s Army on the 
left, during the night of the 2d of July, marched to the right 
of Schofield’s Army, by which the left flank of the Confeder- 
ate Army was turned, and Johnston was compelled to aban- 
don his strong intrenchments southwest of Kenesaw Moun- 
tain. On the morning of the 3d, our Division, with the other 
troops comprising the centre, entered the enemy’s intrench- 
ments. It was before daylight when our Division took pos- 
session, and we captured quite a large number of prisoners. 
In the pursuit our Brigade passed through Marietta, and 
moved about five miles south, where we encamped. 

On the morning of the 4th, our Brigade was detached from 
20 



298 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



the Division and ordered to return to Marietta and garrison 
the town. We remained here for eight days. Our instruc- 
tions as to our duties were direct from General Thomas, and 
are herewith given: 

Headquarters Department of the Cumberland, 

In the Field , near Ruff's Station , Ga., July 5, 1864. 
Col. N. Gleason, Commanding , Marietta: 

Colonel: The major-general commanding directs that you endeavor to 
preserve public and private property in Marietta as nearly as possible in the 
state in which you found it, and prevent plundering and pillaging. You 
will arrest all deserters and stragglers from all the armies and forward those 
belonging to the Army of the Cumberland to these headquarters by squads 
of from thirty to fifty. Those belonging to the Armies of the Tennessee and 
the Ohio you will send to the headquarters of their respective armies as op- 
portunity offers. You will permit no officer to take quarters in Marietta, 
except by order of Major-General Sherman, and the topographical engineers 
of the Army of the Cumberland who have been sent there to establish a lith- 
ographic press for making maps. You will permit all Union people desiring 
to go north for the purpose of remaining there to do so, and order transpor- 
tation for themselves, families, and baggage. You will arrest all resident 
rebels and report their names to these headquarters. You will seize all cot- 
ton belonging to the rebel Government, or which has been abandoned, and 
turn it over to the quartermaster’s department for shipment north, taking 
receipts for the same, which receipts you will forward to these headquarters. 
All cotton belonging to private individuals you will have nothing to do with 
any more than any other private property. 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
Chief of Staff. 

Dining the time onr Brigade occupied the town, we were 
actually out of the range of the enemy’s guns; but we were 
on a most delicate, dangerous and important mission, as the 
following messages direct from General Sherman will show: 

Hdqrs. Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field , near Chattahoochee River , July 10, 1864. 
Commanding Officer, Marietta: 

The officer at Acworth reports that a cavalry force of the enemy is near 
and that they threaten to burn a bridge between you and Acworth. Now 
that the main army of the enemy is across the Chattahoochee, Allatoona is 
safe, and j ? ou can safely detach one or more regiments forward to secure the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 299 

road. See that the bridges are all well guarded as far as Acworth. Four 
companies are at Big Shanty. 

W. T. SHERMAN, 

Major- G eneral , Com mand i ng. 

Hdqrs. Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field . near Chattahoochee River , July 10 , 1864. 
Commanding Officer, Marietta: 

The Twenty-third Corps is now across the Chattahoochee at the mouth of 
Soap Creek, and being exposed will need every regiment in it. It is my 
smallest army. The signal officer reports the enemy’s bridge burning, in 
which case the enemy will, of course, abandon this side altogether. As 
soon as that .is ascertained to be actual truth, I will arrange for permanent 
details to guard the road back as far as Allatoona. 

W. T. SHERMAN, 

M a j or- General , Commanding . 

Hdors. Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field , near Chattahoochee River , July 14, 1864. 
Commanding Officer, Marietta , Ga.: 

I have ordered three regiments at Marietta and a brigade at Kenesaw. 
This brigade will come to Marietta in case of danger to the depot, but Kene- 
saw is selected on account of its security and proximity, and troops are more 
easily disciplined in camp than in a town. Although you are chiefly needed 
as a town guard and to handle stores, you should not neglect the military 
duties. Always be prepared for a dash of cavalry. Occupy the court house 
and barricade and loophole the doors and windows; also make a good ladder 
to the roof, and make the balustrade bullet-proof, so that a party of men on 
its roof could sweep the streets. Other houses should also be selected and 
prepared near the railroad depot. A few hours’ work will convert any good 
brick or stone house into a citadel. Arms and ammunition should always 
be kept handy, and pickets kept well out to give notice. All citizens of 
whom you entertain the least suspicion should be sent North, no matter the 
seeming hardships, The safety of our depot must not depend upon the 
pleasure and convenience of citizens. Should any one be caught molesting 
our road, telegraph wires, or our stores, he should be disposed of finally and 
summarily, especially if disguised in the garb of a citizen. 

W. T. SHERMAN, 
Major-General , Commanding. 

However hard our duties were, with fine weather, comfor- 
table camps in a beautiful town, plenty of rations, and 110 
fighting, we certainly enjoyed onr week’s sojourn here. On 
the 7th, our Regiment was detailed as guards of the Quarter- 
master’s and Commissary’s stores of Sherman’s Army. 



300 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Whilst encamped at Marietta, without Iris previous knowl- 
edge and consent, the writer of this history was detailed to 
command the Provost-Guards at Brigade headquarters. 
These guards were chosen from the different Regiments of 
the Brigade. Their duties were chiefly to protect the 
property belonging to Brigade headquarters. The names of 
the men and Regiments respectively to which they belonged 
were as follows: 

Sergeant David B. Floyd (commander), Geo. V. Everling, 
Anthony High, Aaron Smith, Earl S. Stone, Henry Trout, 
Silas H. Wentz, and Daniel Yohe of the Seventy-fifth Indi- 
ana; Sergeant James S. Caldwell, Henry B. Bailey, Thad. C. 
Hanson, and David Wilson of the One-hundred and fifth 
Ohio; Corporal Isaac Rogers, Corporal Daniel Shockey, 
Oscar Green, Silas Harvey, Lewis Jennings, Charles Powers 
and Benjamin Sawyer, of the.Oue-hundred and first Indiana; 
Spencer Bayles, Geo. W. Kibler, John C. Moore and Geo. W. 
Singer, of the Eighty-seventh Indiana; Robert Compton, 
Joseph Davis, Robert Gunn, Gunder Gunderson, Lewis 
Horst, and James Lynch, of the Second Minnesota. 

During our absence at Marietta, the Twenty-third Corps 
had effected a crossing of the Chattahoochee River several 
miles above the position occupied by Thomas’ Army, and 
the Confederates were forced to withdraw to the east bank, 
burning the bridges behind them. The Fourth Corps went 
to the support of the Twenty-third, and our Division occu- 
pied the position at Pace’s Ferry, which the Fourth Corps 
left. 

On the 13th, our Brigade rejoined the Division at the front, 
nine miles from Marietta, at Vining’s Station on the railroad 
near Pace’s Ferry, on the west bank of the river. We re- 
mained here until the 17th. On the 15th, the Second Min- 
nesota Regiment was detached from the Brigade and ordered 
to return to Marietta and relieve the Twentieth Connecticut 
Regiment as provost and depot guards. It was absent from 
the Brigade for five weeks. Brigadier-General Turchin, on 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 301 

account of ill-health, was now relieved of the command of 
the First Brigade of our Division, and Colonel Walker of the 
Thirty-first Ohio Regiment was assigned to his place. The 
Fourth and Twenty-third Corps, to our left, having crossed 
the river, built pontoons and cleared the Confederates from 
the east shore of the river. Our Division, preceded by the 
other two Divisions of the Corps, on the 17th crossed the 
river at Pace’s Ferry, on a pontoon bridge, and encamped on 
the east bank. At 2 p. m. next day, we advanced from the 
river and crossed Nancy’s Creek, on Kyle’s Bridge, and en- 
camped near Howell’s Mill on Peach Tree Creek. The 
Twentieth Corps was on* our left. The right of our Corps 
was at the junction of Peach Tree and Nancy’s Creeks. The 
Fourth Corps was at Buckhead. We had considerable recon- 
noitring here, as the bridges were burnt and the enemy con- 
fronted us, which rendered the passage of Peach Tree Creek 
difficult. Our First Brigade was sent to the support of 
Davis’ Division. At 6 o’clock on the morning of the 19th, 
we moved in the direction of the Creek and forded it after 
dark at Howell’s Mill. On the 20th, early in the morning, 
the First Division of our Corps effected a crossing, and took 
position on our left and connected with the Twentieth Corps. 
The position of our Brigade here was on a range of wooded 
hills just south of Peach Tree Creek. We built heavy in- 
trenchments. Our skirmishers advanced and took possession 
of the works of the enemy, with the intention of occupying 
them with our first line of battle. The Thirty-fifth Ohio was 
deployed and moved upon the double-quick to hold them. 
The execution of this movement was very creditable, and the 
Regiment sustained considerable loss in making it. A Bri- 
gade of the First Division of our Corps relieved us here, and 
our Brigade moved about a mile to the right, where we re- 
mained in rear of our Division. 

In the afternoon of the 20th, the Confederates under the 
leadership of Lieutenant-General John B. Hood, who, on the 
18th, had superseded General Johnston, sallied forth out of 



302 



History oj the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Atlanta and furiously assaulted the troops on our left, con- 
sisting of the Fourth and Twentieth Corps and the First 
Division of our Corps. This was the battle of Peach Tree 
Creek. The Confederates made charge upon charge against 
our left, but each impetuous assault was gallantly met, and 
the enemy was worsted in the battle, sustaining a fearful loss. 
It was clearly to be seen that the Fabian policy of conduct- 
ing the campaign by the enemy was changed, as soon as the 
rash Hood succeeded the sagacious Johnston in command. 

During this fight, our 
Brigade was exposed to a 
most galling fire from the 
enemy’s Batteries, and sus- 
tained several casualties. 
Captain Lewis F. Dough- 
erty of the Thirty-fifth Ohio 
was killed, and several 
others of that Regiment 
were wounded; Lieutenant 
Jacob H. Lei ter and three 
enlisted men of the Eighty- 
seventh Indiana were se- 
verely wounded ; two men in 
the One-hundred and first 
Indiana were wounded. 







LIEUT. -COX,. WM. O BRIEN, 

Wounded at ChickaniEiuga, Sept. 20th 1863, and The caslia l t i eS of the SeV- 
at Peach Tree Creek, July 20th, 1864. 

enty-fifth Indiana in the 
battle were William Brown, of K Company, killed ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel William O’Brien, commanding the Regiment, Daniel 
Gift of H Company, John W. Richardson and Jeremiah 
Sherman of I Company, wounded. Colonel O’Brien was 
wounded in the right hand by the fragment of a shrapnel 
shell, which necessitated the amputation of the two middle 
fingers and the removal of two metacarpal bones of the hand. 
This wound disabled the Colonel for several months. Major 
Cyrus J. McCole now assumed the command of the Regi- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



303 

ment. Gift was wounded between his right shoulder blade 
and spinal column, where the enemy’s bullet yet remains im- 
bedded. In the battle of Peach Tree Creek, the Army of 
the Cumberland, (which alone fought it from the Union 
side) lost 1600 in killed and wounded. 

In his official report, General Baird says of our Division 
in this fight: 

No part of the rebel assaulting columns reached my lines, but throughout 
the whole attack and until dark my troops were subjected to an artillery fire 
as constant and as terrible as any that I have ever witnessed, and the loss in 
the division from this cause and upon the skirmish line was considerable. 
Throughout the whole both my officers and my men behaved themselves 
with a degree of coolness and heroism highly commendable, and showing 
them to be veteran soldiers. 

The following poem the writer of this history found on the 
dead body of a Confederate soldier killed in this battle, who, 
doubtless, was its author, whose cheerful life went out in 
darkness, no doubt “fighting bravely” by “Fate’s decree:” 

SOLDIER’S SUPPER AND CHIT-CHAT. 

What shall we have for supper ? 

Hard-tack and slice of meat! 

And upon this rusty hoe 
We’ll bake a corn-cake sweet. 

While meat and meal are cooking 
We’ll wash our dishes few, 

Namely — a broken case-knife, 

Tin-plates — numbering two. 

Now, draw some rye(o) coffee 
In yonder old canteen, 

From which we’ll drink, one by one, 

Until the dregs we drain. 

Come, roll up the lesser log, 

Hard by the larger one, 

One will serve for table, 

The other to sit upon. 

Supper being over, then 
Push back the smaller log, 

Pass round the muddy water, 

Be sure to hand no grog. 



3°4 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Now, Tommy, make down the bed, 
We mean, the camp-worn blanket, 
Place not a rock at the head, 

For cartridge-boxes “ rank it.” 

But ere to Morpheus we yield 
Our Confed’rate selves up, 

Let us light our corn-cob pipes 
And take a social smoke. 

I wonder if my father, 

Sister, or my mother, 

Dreams sadly of me just now 
Or of my captive brother. 

And Belle, my fairy Belle, 

If she watch our lone bright star 
And think of absent Lionel, 

As he bears the toils of war ; 

If she visit the bowers. 

When twilight shades draw near, 
Mindful of the halcyon hours 
We’ve spent together there. 

And, Will, where do you suspect 
Fair Annie is to-night? 

Sleeping sweet, or dancing gay 
At ball or party bright? 

Where’er she is, I trust, Jule, 

She’s true to me as ever, 

And hope when cruel war is o’er 
We’ll meet to part — never. 



Cease this talk for the nonce, boys, 
Each get his trusty gun, 

Place it near by at once, boys, 

Then wait to-morrow’s sun! 

For then we go to battle, 

And if ’tis Fate’s decree, 

We’ll die — fighting bravely — 

For Right and Liberty. 

Bujffton, S. C., July, 1864. 



‘ ‘ Lionfi,. ’ ' 



The above poem, written by the hand of “Lionel” and 
stained with his blood, is yet in the possession of the writer 
of this history. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 305 

On the morning of the 21st, after having quite a spirited 
skirmish, our Division extended its battle lines about a mile, 
the Brigade taking a good position on a high ridge, and 
building; intrenchments very near the enemv’s works. We 
were now within four miles of Atlanta. During the night 
the enemy evacuated his works in the immediate front of 
Sherman’s entire army, and fell back to his strong fortifica- 
tions surrounding the city. This last movement of the 
enemy was so sudden and unexpected, that it gave us the 
hope of the evacuation of Atlanta; but hope vanished. Hood 
now occupied a commanding and impregnable position, 
which covered all the roads leading into Atlanta, his army 
strongly intrenched behind a redan line of redoubts that had 
been carefully built for more than a year — around the outside 
of these redoubts ran a rifle trench of abatis and chevaux-de- 
frise. 

Our entire line now advanced and swept over the old para- 
pets of the enemy, until we occupied a circling line around 
the city with a radius of two miles. In the pursuit our Di- 
vision struck the road leading from Marietta to Atlanta, 
which we followed until we came within a couple of miles of 
the city. Here the First Division of our Corps was doing 
some lively skirmishing with the Confederates close up to 
their works. To our immediate left lay the Twentieth 
Corps, and east of us a few miles on the Augusta Railroad lay 
the Army of the Tennessee. We again moved south by the 
west side of Atlanta to a point, where the Turner’s Ferry and 
Atlanta roads intersect. Here we took a strong position un- 
opposed, under the eye of General Thomas, who was present. 
The Second Division of our Corps moved into position on our 
right. We built heavy earthworks at this point during the 
afternoon of the 22d, so as to protect ourselves from the shells 
and bullets of the enemy. At the same time the sounds of a 
fearful battle were heard raging away off to our left, in front 
of the line occupied by the Army of the Tennessee. It was 
the famous engagement known in history as the battle of At- 



3°6 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



lanta, July 22d, 1864, in which, General McPherson, the 
commander of the troops engaged on the Federal side, was 
killed. In this battle the Army of the Tennessee lost 3,722 
in killed, wounded and missing. The Confederates lost 
8000. 



CHAPTER XII. 



THE SIEGE OF ATLANTA — ITS CAPITULATION. 

(AUGUST TO SEPTEMBER 8TH, 1864.) 

From the 23d of July to August 3d, the location of our 
Division was not materially changed. The lines of battle of 
the two contending armies were uncomfortably close, each 
inviting the attack of the other. We were liable at any mo- 
ment to be shot by the Confederate sharpshooters at the least 
exposure of our persons, and they ran about the same risks of 
having their heads pierced with bullets by us. We were at 
a point from which Atlanta could be reached with shells, 
shot from our rifled field pieces, and consequently during the 
day and night there was a continuous fire directed upon the 
city. The Confederates had some large guns by which they 
were enabled to throw shells into our camp weighing sixty- 
four pounds. We called these shells “camp-kettles.” We 
often watched these huge shells, as they arose from their guns 
in the hostile forts, describing their beautiful curves through 
the balmy air in shape of a rainbow in the clouds; and before 
they dropped among us and spit forth their wrath, scattering 
their deadly contents in all directions, we could hear their 
screeching noise. At Atlanta was the first experience the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment had with the enemy’s siege 
guns, and from the general demoralization which they at 
times produced among us, we were thankful our first was our 
last experience. 

On the 27th of July, the Army of the Tennessee, under 
General Howard, who, after the death of General McPherson 
succeeded to its command, moved behind us and formed 
line of battle on our right. The battle, known as Ezra 

(307) 



308 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Church, was fought there on the 28th, between the Army of 
the Tennessee and two Corps of Hood’s Army — Lee’s and 
Hardee’s. The Confederates attacked again and again with 
great impetuosity, but they were repulsed with great loss. 
During the fight there was considerable skirmishing all along 
our line. 

While we were lying here in front of Atlanta behind our 
works, under the fire of the enemy’s guns at the clQse of the 
month of July, the Thirty-fifth Ohio Regiment left us for 
Chattanooga, where it was mustered out, its service of three 
years having expired. We were sorry to part with this noble 
Regiment, as we had become endeared to many of its mem- 
bers. 

For the purpose of the extension of the flank of the Mili- 
tary Division of the Mississippi still farther to the right than 
the Army of the Tennessee had been able to reach, General 
Sherman now shifted the Army of the Ohio and the Four- 
teenth Corps of the Army of the Cumberland to that flank 
south of Atlanta. General Schofield began the movement on 
August the 1st, and took position near the railroad at Bast 
Point. On August the 3d, our Corps, relieved by the Twen- 
tieth Corps, marched early in the morning to the point on the 
extreme right, designated by General Sherman. During the 
afternoon, while we were on the march, a refreshing shower 
of rain fell. The First and Second Divisions of our Corps, 
having preceded us in the movement, encamped about two 
miles north of Utoy Creek. Our Division passed on still 
farther to the right, crossed Utoy Creek, and formed in line 
on the right and a little to the rear of the Twenty-third 
Corps to support it, with the right of our Division resting on 
the Creek. It was nearly dark before we got into position. 
During the night we worked hard to construct our breast- 
works. Early on the morning of the 4th, we readjusted our 
lines, and conformed them to a more advantageous ground, 
placed our Artillery into position and strengthened the fortifi- 
cations, which we had built during the night. All this time 
the enemy was unusually quiet. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 309 

Late in the afternoon of the 4th, about 5 o’clock, General 
Palmer ordered a Brigade from our Division to make a recon- 
naissance of the Confederate works in advance of our general 
line of battle on the right of the Second Division of the 
Twenty-third Corps. The object was to develop the enemy’s 
strength, attack his works and carry them, if practicable. 
General Baird selected our Brigade for this duty. Colonel 
Gleason formed our Regiments at once into two lines. He 
put the One-hundred and fifth Ohio and the Eighty-seventh 
Indiana in the first line, and the Seventy-fifth and One-hun- 
dred and first Indiana in the second line. (The Second Min- 
nesota was yet absent on guard duty.) In the immediate 
front of these two lines of battle, our commander placed a 
heavy line of skirmishers, composed of a Company from each 
of the four Regiments. The skirmish line was commanded 
by Major Sabin of the Eighty-seventh Indiana. The skirm- 
ishers from the Seventy-fifth Indiana consisted of G Com- 
pany, under command of Captain Joseph T. Smith. The 
Brigade, as it came out of its own line of works in an open 
field in front of the enemy’s intrenchments, made a most 
magnificent display. We pushed forward rapidly and were 
soon enveloped in smoke and flame from the enemy’s Bat- 
teries, confronting us from behind his fortifications. The 
Confederates had two lines of gopher-lioles in front of their 
main works, which were filled with their skirmishers. In 
the assault we captured these two lines of gopher-holes, and 
got so near the Confederates’ fortifications as to develop their 
strength, finding it impracticable to undertake to carry their 
main line. We captured 25 prisoners, and established a line 
of our skirmishers in front of our main works along the first 
line of the enemy’s pits taken in the assault. Having ac- 
complished the object for which the movement was ordered, 
the Brigade returned behind the works in its old position. 
The loss of the Brigade in this assault was confined to the 
three Indiana Regiments; the Eighty-seventh had one man 
killed and fifteen wounded; the One-hundred and first, two 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 



3 IQ 

killed and seven wounded; and the Seventy-fifth, one 
wounded — making twenty-six killed and wounded in the 
Brigade. Van Horne’s History of the Army of the Cumber- 
land, Vol. 2, p. 127, says of this affair: “The next morning 
Gen. Baird readjusted his line in expectation of supporting 
the Divisions of General Schofield in an assault. But no- 
movement was made of a general character, and late in the 
day General Palmer directed him to feel the enemy’s works 
in his front with a Brigade. He designated Colonel Gleason’s 
Brigade for this service, which advanced in double lines with 
skirmishers in front. Colonel Gleason carried the first and 
second line of rifle-pits, and approached so near the enemy’s 
main line as to develop its location and character, and drew 
from it an artillery and musketry fire. At night he with- 
drew his Brigade, but held with skirmishers the outer line 
of rifle-pits, which he had carried.” General Baird in his 
official report summarizes this action as follows: 

A little later I received another written order, also from Major-General 
Palmer, stating that it was intended that I should push out with Brigadier- 
General Hascall as far as practicable, and reconnoiter the enemy’s works, 
and directing me to attack in column if the works could be carried. The 
first part of these instructions had already been carried out before the order 
was received, for I had, the night previous, taken possession of all the high 
ground in that vicinity, and it only remained for me to await the other con- 
tingencies — the arrival of Brigadier-General Morgan, or the advance of Brig- 
adier-General Hascall. I had made full preparations, and was awaiting ac- 
cordingly, when, about 4 p. m., Major-General Palmer came up in person 
and asked me if my brigade was ready for the reconnaissance. I replied 
that no special mention had been made of sending out a brigade 011 that 
duty, and asked if he wished me to send one. He replied that he did, and 
I at once detailed Colonel Gleason’s brigade for that purpose. The brigade 
was formed in the shortest possible time in two lines, with a strong skir- 
mishing party in front, and at once moved out. The operation was vigor- 
ously conducted and two lines of skirmish-pits captured. The party kept on 
until the location and character of the rebel main line was fully developed, 
and a heavy fire of artillery and musketry drawn from it. This accom- 
plished, and no movement whatever of the troops on our left having been 
made, and no tidings received of Brigadier-General Morgan, I at dark 
directed Colonel Gleason to bring his men back to their works, leaving his 
skirmishers in the first pits. Colonel Gleason and his officers and men de- 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 31 1 

serve the highest praise for the manner in which this affair was conducted. 
They brought in 25 prisoners, and the brigade sustained a loss of 26 in killed 
and wounded. 

From the information onr Brigade liad obtained in the as- 
sault, it was now considered necessary to advance the whole 
line of our Division. The Confederates, however, had again 
extended their line of skirmishers with a much greater force, 
as far as those rifle-pits or gopher-holes nearest their main 
works, which our Brigade had taken in the charge. From 
prisoners we had taken afterwards, we learned that the skir- 
mishers were ordered to hold these pits at all hazards. Being 
thoroughly acquainted with the ground over which we had 
moved, we were ready for the other assault. 

On the 5th, the whole Division moved to an assault upon 
the enemy’s works. It was formed in two lines with a heavy 
skirmish line in front, supported by reserves. The Regi- 
ments of our Brigade advanced relatively to each other as on 
the day previous, except that the skirmishers had two lines 
instead of one. Major Sabin of the Eighty-seventh Indiana 
had command of the first line of skirmishers. Company G 
of our Regiment commanded by Captain Smith was with 
him, and the most of the One-hundred and fifth Ohio under 
Major Edwards composed the second line of skirmishers. 
These two lines in front of the Brigade dashed forward 
together with the skirmishers of the other Brigades of the 
Division, and we all followed in close proximity. The 
enemy met us with a warm welcome, but we pushed 
rapidly on, and in a few minutes we had possession of the 
rifle-pits, which our Brigade had previously taken, but 
voluntarily abandoned. We were now very close to the 
Confederate main line and within short musket range. Be- 
ginning to intrench ourselves in the new line formed, we 
were subjected to a terrible shelling from several Batteries of 
the enemy; but we held our ground firmly, and continued 
the construction of our breastworks. The skirmishers in 
front of our Brigade on this day captured the entire line of 



Ji2 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Confederate skirmishers, numbering sixty-two, among whom 
were a Captain and Lieutenant with their swords. These 
prisoners were turned over to the writer of this history, who 
with six men on the next day guarded them back to Division 
headquarters. There were 140 prisoners captured by the 
Division. General Baird estimates the casualties of the 
Division in this advance to be 5 officers and 78 enlisted men 
killed and wounded. Among the killed was the heroic 
Lieutenant-Colonel Myron Baker of the Seventy-fourth In- 
diana, of the Third Brigade, and among the wounded was 
Major William Irving of the Thirty-eighth Ohio, of the same 
Brigade, who lost a leg. The casualties in our Brigade were 
few, the most of which were from our Regiment. The 
Eighty-seventh Indiana lost one man killed and one wounded. 
In the Seventy-fifth Indiana six men received wounds — two 
of which were mortal. Their names are Allen W. Hosier of 
B Company; Corporal Benjamin B. Barnum and David Eu- 
bank of E Company; Elijah Lewark of G Company; and 
Corporal John Sperry and Elias Summers of I Company. 
Hosier died of his wound on the 15th of the month in wdiich 
he received it; Sperry, Summers and Barnum were wounded 
by fragments of shells; Eubank was wounded in the leg; and 
the way Lewark received his death wound is herewith re- 
lated by his Captain, who was on the skirmish line with him 
at the time and an eye-witness. In a letter to the writer, 
Captain Smith says: “Elijah Lewark was shot through the 
breast and shoulder by a Confederate, who was only a few 
yards in front of him. Both fired at each other and fell at 
the same time — the Confederate was instantly killed, and 
Lewark was mortally wounded, dying in about two weeks.” 
General Thomas, our Department commander, in his official 
report thus speaks of this affair: 

Both Stanley’s and Williams’ skirmishers again pressed those of the enemy 
during the afternoon of the 5th, with a view of diverting his attention from 
the movements of the Armies of the Tennessee and of the Ohio on our right. 
Palmer’s corps, which had been placed in position on the right of the Army 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



3*3 

.of the Ohio by direction of Major-General Sherman, pushed out from along 
•Olley’s Creek*, and pressed close up to the enemy’s works, capturing as trong 
line of rifle-pits vigorously defended. Our loss was considerable, but we 
took 150 prisoners and gained an advantageous position. At the close of 
the engagement the skirmishers of the enemy and our own were only thirty 
■yards apart. Our main line was moved up to within 400 yards of that of 
;the enemy. 

In a communication to General Sherman, dated August 
5th, 1864, our Department commander writes thus: 

I sent Whipple to the right to day. lie has just returned and informed 
me that all that was done to-day on the right was done by Baird’s division, 
which advanced in obedience to Schofield’s orders, but not being supported 
either on its right or left, General Baird fell back to his former position after 
having driven the enemy from two lines of rifle-pits, and capturing 160 
prisoners, losing about 100 men himself. 

GEO. H. THOMAS, 

Major General. 

On the 6th, our position remained unchanged, and as the 
■enemy continued his terrific artillery firing upon us, we made 
■our intrenchments still greater and stronger. 

On this date (August 6th) Major-General John M. Palmer, 
•who had led our Corps from Chattanooga to Utoy Creek, was 
relieved of the command, at his own request, and left for his 
home in Illinois, and the command of the Corps was tempo- 
rarily turned over to Brig. -Gen. Richard W. Johnson of the 
First Division. 

Our Division, by reason of the demonstration on the 5th, 
was in advance of the First Division of our Corps, now com- 
manded by General John H. King, which had taken the 
position of the Twenty-third Corps. To get up on a line 
with us, King, on the 7th, pushed out his Division and cap- 
tured the enemy’s gopher-holes, as we had done on the 4th 
.and 5th. In order to render King assistance, General Baird 
ordered a bold demonstration all along the line of our Divis- 
ion. In some places, the troops of our Division were so close 
to the enemy’s works, that they could not get out of their 

* Utoy Creek. 

21 



314 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

own works to advance; but in other places along the line the 
skirmishers pressed forward, and had quite a severe encounter 
for a considerable time with the enemy in his rifle-pits. The 
Seventy-fifth Indiana was one of the Regiments that advanced 
with the First Division, and when General King established 
his line, we retired to our old position again on a line with 
him. 

In this demonstration of our Regiment on the 7th, Joseph 

Conklin of D Company 
was killed, receiving two 
shots, one in the foot, and 
the other in the head. 
Conklin, who was one of 
our very best soldiers, was 
in advance of the line, 
when killed. He was a 
brother of Lieutenant 
Conklin, of the same Com- 
pany, who was also killed 
after the war, Dec. 24th, 
1881, in New Mexico, by 
the bullet of an assassin. 

On the 8th, there was 
considerable skirmish fir- 
ing in our front and all 
along the line; but our 
position generally re- 
mained unchanged, until the 26th, except on the 10th, when 
our Brigade relieved the First Brigade of our Division on our 
right. We formed in one line — the Seventy-fifth Indiana tak- 
ing the place of the Twenty-third Missouri, and the Eighty- 
seventh Indiana forming on the right of our Regiment. In 
this position, we were in plain view of the enemy’s works, 
and in such close proximity, that we were exposed to his fire 
night and day, and the enemy to ours. There was scarcely 
a moment in which “we could not hear the incessant ‘pop,’ 




PRIVATE JOSEPH CONKEIN, 

Co. D, killed near Atlanta, Georgia, Aug. 7th, 
1864. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 315 

‘pop,’ of musketry from the rifle-pits, which dotted the hill- 
sides and woody valleys, or from behind the trees, fences, or 
any species of cover which the combatants could secure.” 
We finally agreed with the Confederates who confronted us, 
to form a temporary suspension of hostilities — neither army 
was to fire except in case of an advance — and as a result, a 
good many deserters came into our lines. In the immediate 
front of our Regiment was a ravine in which was water sur- 
rounded by a clump of trees and bushes. It was neutral 
ground between the two hostile lines. Both Union and Con- 
federate soldiers secured water from that ravine, and in going 
to it and returning from it, they were in plain view of botlj 
armies. They would frequently meet there and fraternize. 
When we found out that some of the Confederates, whom we 
met at the ravine, would desert if they had a chance, we 
thereafter, on going for water, put on an extra pair of blue 
pantaloons and blouses, which we put off in the bushes at the 
ravine, and there the Confederates pulled them on over their 
gray uniforms, and with our canteens slung across their 
shoulders, emerged from the bushes with us, and thus came 
into our lines. Frequently there were a half dozen of us at a 
time sitting in our tents without pantaloons and blouses, 
which, on going for water, our comrades had borrowed for 
the purpose named. There were more than a hundred de- 
serters brought into our lines in three or four days through 
this “Yankee trick” by the Regiments of our Brigade, before 
it was discovered by the Confederate officers. The troops of 
the enemy in our front, who practiced the deception with us, 
on being detected, were relieved, and others, not so tired of 
the war, were put into their places. 

The following excerpt is taken from General Baird’s 
official report concerning our location and condition at this 
time: 

August 8, from this date until the 26th the general position and disposi- 
tion of my troops was not changed. The necessary location of our camps 
was such that they were constantly exposed to the enemy’s fire, and there 



3 t 6 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Were few points at which a man could show himself without the risk of be- 
ing shot. On certain portions of the line a temporary truce would be 
arranged with the troops that chanced to be in front, whilst at others a vic- 
ious skirmish would be kept up, and for days the men would be imprisoned 
in their trenches, not daring to show their heads above the parapet, and this 
varied by the fire of artillery or more active demonstrations begun by one or 
the other party. In this passive condition, with no operations on hand, our 
daily reports presented not un frequently a list of io, 20, or 30 casualties, and 
the long continuance of the confinement and privation were extremely try- 
ing; yet the men bore all with a degree of cheerfulness, patience, and hero- 
ism that can find its reward only in the consciousness of duty well performed 
and of devotion to the holy cause in which they were engaged. During our 
long stay in such close proximity to the enemy, deserters from their lines, 
chiefly from Alabama regiments, came in constantly and in large numbers. 
They finally became so numerous that the most strenuous means were re- 
sorted to by the rebel officers to prevent them. 

O11 the 18th, we were ordered to add greater strength to 
our already heavy skirmish line, and to fire vigorously for 
two hours upon the Confederates. In some places we fired 
over the heads of our skirmishers from our main works, and 
we could easily see the Confederates carrying wounded and 
dead men to the rear. 

On the 19th, our Brigade was temporarily relieved from the 
line by a portion of the troops of Colonel Este’s Brigade, and 
we reconnoitred the Sandtown road for a mile west of us 
without discovery and returned late at night to the occupancy 
of our old position. In the morning we rejoiced to greet the 
veterans of the Second Minnesota Regiment, which had 
marched from Marietta, where it had been so long on provost 
duty, and rejoined us in the front. 

On the 2 1st and 22d, our Brigade was subject to an enfilade 
fire from the left by Confederate sharpshooters. Lieut. 
Demuth of the Eighty-seventh Indiana was killed. From 
the 23d to the 27th, the Brigade remained in this position 
with heavy skirmishing and artillery duels at short intervals. 
In the meantime the Cavalry under Kilpatrick made a success- 
ful raid upon the railroad, and our Brigade drew fifteen days’ 
rations in addition to what we had on hand, preparatory to 
a general movement; and Brevet Major-General Jefferson C. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 317 

Davis was assigned to the command of the Corps in room of 
General Johnson, who was transferred to another command. 
General Davis, who commanded the Corps from this date to 
the close of the war, was one of the very best fighters and 
efficient commanders in the army. 

The general movement of the army to the right from the 
front of Atlanta, began early on the morning of the 26th, the 
Fourth Corps leading from its position on the left. The en- 
tire army moved except the Twentieth Corps. I11 this 
movement, which resulted in the battle of Jonesboro and 
the capitulation of Atlanta, General Sherman severed his 
railroad communications and threw his army upon the 
Atlanta and Macon Railroad. His object was to strike this 
road and cut off Hood’s communications from the South. 
On the night of the same day, about 8 o’clock, our Corps 
withdrew from its position on the right of the Army of the 
Tennessee, and together with that Army, crossed Utoy 
Creek, moving in rear of the Twenty-third and Fourth Corps. 
On account of the troops, Artillery and wagon trains of the 
commands in our front, our Division was considerably de- 
tained, and we did not leave our old position in front of 
Atlanta, until 3.30 a. m. of the 27th. Withdrawing from 
the front of the enemy in such close proximity was a very 
delicate operation. He became aware of our movements by 
the noise of our Artillery and wagon trains, and shelled us 
considerably, but we withdrew very successfully without in- 
curring any casualties. We moved about three miles along 
the Sandtown road, and took position in the rain near Utoy 
Creek on the left of the Twenty-third Corps, where we in- 
trenched and bivouacked facing north. On Sunday morning 
at daylight of the 28th, we moved again to the right, follow- 
ing the Second Division, now under Brig. -Gen. James D. 
Morgan, and passing the Twenty- third Corps, we moved 
across the Atlanta and Alabama Railroad a few miles west of 
the point where it crosses the Atlanta and Macon Railroad. 
We formed line of battle south of the West Point Railroad 



3 t8 History of the Seventy fifth Regiment 

near Red Oak Station, facing east, and intrenched. The 
First Division of the Corps, now under Brig. -Gen. W. P. 
Carlin, was to our left, extending to the railroad, and the 
Second Division was to our right. The Fourth Corps formed 
a prolongation of the line north of the road. During the 
next day we remained here, tearing up the railroad, and, by 
burning the ties, heated the rails and twisted them around 
trees. On the 30th, we moved southeast several miles, until 
we reached Couch’s house on the Rough and Ready and 
Fayette dirt road. Here we took position and intrenched, 
remaining until noon of the next day. 

The Army of the Tennessee was now a few miles to our 
right, and the Fourth and Twenty-third Corps were on our 
left, extending the line towards Rough and Ready. Here 
the enemy’s Artillery and wagon trains belonging to Lee’s 
and Hardee’s Corps were distinctly heard during the night 
moving southward along the Rough and Ready road in our 
front. General Baird ordered the First Brigade to shell them, 
whereupon they left the road. 

O11 the 31st, our Division, accompanied by a Brigade from 
the Second Division of our Corps, was sent from the point 
which we now occupied, upon a reconnaissance under Gen- 
eral Baird, to the front and right, in order to confuse the 
enemy as much as possible and break the railroad between 
Jonesboro and Atlanta. The following orders will show just 
what we were to do: 

Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps. 

Near Couch's House , Ga., August 31, 1864. 
Brig.-Gen. A. Baird, Commanding Third Division, Fourteenth Army 
Corps : r 

The general commanding directs that with two brigades of your own 
division and one of General Morgan’s, which will be ordered to report to 
you immediately, you make a reconnaissance and demonstration to the 
front and right of your present position toward the railroad above Jones- 
borough, in conformity with the following instructions from General Sher- 
man, transmitted through General Thomas, which are copied for your in- 
formation : 



of Indiana Infantry l oln litre rs. 



3 l 9 



Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field , Ga., August 31 , 1864. 

General Thomas : 

************* 

Order one of Davis’ divisions down at once to Renfroe’s, and move all your 
trains well to your right, so that you can rapidly fling your whole command 
over to Jonesborough. Then let Davis send out from his front, obliquely to 
the right front, a strong skirmish line with supports, as though to reach the 
railroad three or four miles above Jonesborough. Have Stanley do the 
same toward, but below, Rough and Ready. Impress upon these com- 
manders that it is not so necessary to have united lines, but rather columns 
of attack. We are not on the defensive, but offensive, and must risk every- 
thing rather than dilly-dally about. We must confuse the enemy. As soon 
as Schofield gets up I will put him against Rough and Ready till he meets 
formidable resistance. 

W. T. SHERMAN, 
Major-General , Commanding, 

The movement should begin immediately. 

By order of Bvt. Maj.-Gen. Jeff. C. Davis : 

A. C. McCLURG, 

Assistant Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps. 

Near Couch's House , Ga ., August ji, 1864. 
Brig. -Gen. A. Baird, Commanding Third Division , Fourteenth Army 
Corps: 

I have just seen General Sherman, and he informed me that he desired 
you to push your reconnaissance with vigor. After crossing the creek you 
will deploy a heavy line of skirmishers, and push them forward to the wagon 
road over which the enemy’s wagon train was passing this morning. Should 
you meet with no great resistance, push on to the railroad. Support your 
skirmish line well with reserves and artillery. Leave a brigade in a good 
position to cover the bridge over which you expect to return. 

I am, very respectfully, JEF. C. DAVIS, 

Brevet Major-General , Commanding . 

We pushed forward vigorously until the Jonesboro and 
Rough and Ready wagon road was reached near Smith’s. 
Here the Division took position. From this point Gen. 
Baird detailed the Eighty-ninth Ohio of the First Brigade 
under Col. Carlton to move forward and strike the railroad, 
if possible, and hold it. The Regiment struck the road about 
two and a half miles from our position; but having met a 
large force of the Confederate Cavalry, it fell back to high 



320 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

ground at the edge of a woods. Our Brigade was now sent 
forward about a mile in advance of the main line of the Army 
to support Carlton’s Regiment. Here, near the Macon road, 
we intrenched ourselves. 

The Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment was now detached 
from its Brigade, and, together with the Thirty-first Ohio and 
the Eighty-second Indiana of the First Brigade, under com- 
mand of Colonel Morton C. Hunter, was ordered to join the 
Eighty-ninth Ohio, under Colonel Carlton, and advance upon 
the railroad. Hunter, who was the Colonel of the Eighty- 
second Indiana, and the senior officer, took command of the 
four Regiments — two Indiana and two Ohio. A large force 
of the enemy’s Cavalry held the railroad. The skirmish line 
of Hunter’s force, under Major John H. Jolly of the Eighty- 
ninth Ohio, brushed the Cavalry away, and we moved upon 
the railroad at Morrow’s or Chapman’s Station, within four 
miles of Jonesboro, and seven miles from Rough and Ready. 
We spent the whole night of the 31st in constructing heavy 
fortifications on the railroad at this point. They were built 
in the form of a square, and Hunter placed a Regiment on 
each side of the square. We were able to resist alarge force, 
if attacked. While occupying this position, we captured and 
burned a couple of cars, and destroyed a mile or two of the 
railroad. This detachment, under Hunter, was the first to 
reach and cut this railroad, thereby accomplishing the grand 
object of Sherman’s movement to the right. When we seized 
the Macon Railroad, the fall of Atlanta was only a question 
of hours. 

In this expedition, the brother of the writer, Captain 
Mahlon H. Floyd, of I Company, came near losing his life. 
Major McCole was in command of the Regiment, and Cap- 
tain Floyd was serving in the capacity of Major. While rid- 
ing in rear of the Regiment in the darkness of the night, in 
company with Surgeon Shaffer, the Captain’s horse backed 
off a bridge spanning a ravine, and he descended with the 
horse 21 J2 feet (by actual measurement next day) to the bot- 



3 2r 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

tom of the ravine among the rocks. In a letter to the writer, 
dated Dec. 28th, 1890, concerning this incident, the Captain 
says: “I never had a narrower escape of my life. My sword 
yet shows the indentations. I never fully recovered from 
that injury to my spine. I had my clothes pierced in two 
places at Chickamauga— one through the sleeve, which burnt 
the skin, the scar of which I still carry on the left forearm, 
and the other through the pocket, and a field glass was shot 
from my side— and twice on the Atlanta campaign, I had my 
clothes shot through; but I never felt as near being killed, as 
when I was going down over that bridge on my horse’s 
back.” 

The following are excerpts of the official reports of several 
officers concerned in this expedition. General Baird says: 

It was not until late that I learned that the Fourth and Twenty-third 
Corps had also reached the railroad near Rough and Ready, and were there 
intrenching. My little party moved out independent of every one else, and, 
although opposed and constantly menaced by the rebel cavalry, struck the 
road some miles in advance of any other. Colonel Hunter and his officers- 
and men deserve much credit for their enterprise and determination. 

Colonels Walker, Hunter and Carlton thus speak of it: 

Colonel Este had sent forward the Seventy-fifth Indiana, which, I am 
told, gallantly co-operated with Colonel Carlton in driving back the enemy’s 
cavalry and taking position on the railroad. About night Colonel Carlton, 
finding that the enemy was bringing forward a considerable force of cavalry 
against him, deemed it prudent to withdraw his command a short distance 
from the railroad, and reported the same to me. I had been very uneasy 
lest he should be overpowered by numbers, and on learning his condition, I 
obtained permission of General Baird and sent the Eighty-second Indiana 
and Thirty-first Ohio, under command of Colonel Hunter, to his support. 
Colonel Hunter now being the ranking officer, assumed command of the en- 
tire force, marched upon the railroad, driving back the enemy’s cavalry, 
took up a position, fortified it, and, during the night and succeeding morn- 
ing, destroyed about one mile of the railroad. I think great praise is due to 
all the officers and men engaged in this most successful effort to reach and 
cut the railroad. I would not assert it positively, but from all the facts I 
have learned, Carlton and Grosvenor led the first of our troops who cut the 
railroad. 

M. B. WALKER, 
Colonel , Commanding Brigade. 



322 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Oil the evening of the 31st, my regiment, with the Thirty-first and Eighty- 
ninth Ohio and Seventy-fifth Indiana, all under my command, aided by 
Captains Curtis, Whedon, and Grosvenor, of Colonel Walker’s staff, moved 
and occupied the railroad at what is known as Morrow’s, or Chapman’s 
Station, which I believe was the first point at which the road was reached. 
When we advanced, the position was held by rebel cavalry, but they soon 
gave way before our skirmish line, which was under command of Major 
Jolly, of the Eighty-ninth Ohio. We spent the night in fortifying our 
position on the road, which was in the form of a square, one regiment being 
placed on each side. The works were made very strong, and would have 
withstood a heavy and prolonged fight. We remained in possession of the 
road until the next day 7 about 11 o’clock, when we were ordered to join our 
division. While upon the road we burned one car and tore up and destroyed 
about one mile of the track. 

MORTON C. HUNTER, 

Colonel Eighty-second Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 

31st, moved forward three-fourths of a mile; built works. About 12 m. 
moved forward one mile; threw up a second line of works. Having halted 
a short time the regiment moved forward with orders to go to the railroad 
if possible. The skirmish line of the regiment reached the railroad, meet- 
ing with but slight resistance from the enemy. ' The telegraph wire was cut 
by corps signal officer. Being two miles from support and appearances in- 
dicating that the enemy were moving to our left and rear, the skirmish line 
w 7 as withdrawn. They had barely reached the reserve when orders were re- 
ceived to hold the railroad, and the line was advanced a second time. The 
Seventy fifth Indiana having joined as a support before we reached the rail- 
road, the Eighty-second Indiana and Thirty-first Ohio arrived, and the four 
regiments took possession of the railroad and threw up works during the 
night. 

C. H. CARLTON, 

Colonel Eighty-ninth Ohio Infantry. 

Our four Regiments held this road until about noon of the 
next day, when we rejoined our Division. 

In the afternoon of September 1st, our Brigade moved 
south along the Rough and Ready road in the direction of 
Jonesboro about three miles, then it filed to the left and 
was ordered into position of line of battle with the rest of the 
Division. This was for the purpose of preparing for the 
famous charge at Jonesboro on the evening of this day. 
The Division was formed in two lines by Brigades, and two 
of the Brigades — Este’s and Gleason’s — were formed in two 
lines by Regiments. Este’s Brigade composed the first line, 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 323 

(double) and Gleason’s the second line (double), as a support. 
Walker’s Brigade was also in support. Our Brigade formed 
in an open field immediately in the rear of the Third (Este’s), 
with the First (Walker’s) Brigade on our right. The 
Seventy-fifth and Eighty-seventh Indiana composed the 
first line in rear of Este, the former Regiment (Seventy-fifth) 
on the left, resting on the railroad, and the latter Regiment, 
(Eighty-seventh) on the right. The One-hundred and fifth 
Ohio was on the right, and the One-hundred and first Indi- 
ana was on the left in the second line in rear of Este. The 
Second Minnesota was deployed in the rear of our Brigade 
centre, as a third line. In this relative position, the Regi- 
ments of our Brigade advanced with the troops in our front, 
until the enemy was routed. The signal was given about 
4:45 p. m., and Este’s men dashed off. It was a complete 
victory, and one of the most brilliant assaults of the war. 
The National Tribune of March 28th, 1889, editorially says: 
“Baird’s magnificent, bayonet charge at Jonesboro was 
more than a match for the charge of Pickett’s Confederate 
Division at Gettysburg.” Este’s Brigade went into the 
charge with a strength of 1,139, and lost in the contest, which 
lasted but half an hour, 330 — being a little more than 30 per 
cent of the force engaged. The bayonet was freely used all 
along the line. Three brothers belonging to the Tenth 
Kentucky (Federal) leaped over the Confederate parapet to- 
gether, and two of them pinned two Confederates to the 
ground with their bayonets. The “Rebel yell” and the 
“Yankee yell” too were distinctly heard above the roar of 
Artillery and rattle of musketry. The Brigade captured 426 
prisoners, among whom were 55 officers from the grade of 
Colonel to Lieutenant. The battle flags of two Regiments 
and of a Battery were among the captured trophies. Surely, 
more eloquently than words, these facts reveal the sublime 
heroism and terrible character of the contest. The Confed- 
erates who were attacked were Lewis’ Brigade of Kentuck- 
ians and Govan’s Brigade of Arkansas troops, belonging to 
Bate’s and Cleburne’s Divisions of Hardee’s Corps. 



324 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

Just prior to the charge, our Brigade constructed temporary 
works under the enemy’s heavy fire of both Artillery and 
musketry. A solid shot from one of the enemy’s Batteries 
knocked off a huge log on top of the works behind which the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana was posted, which fell on about twenty 
men of F Company and held them fast to the ground. Some 
of the members of the other Companies went to their relief 
and rolled the log off of them. 

The casualties in our Brigade during the engagement were 
one killed and seven wounded. Among the wounded was 
Corporal James W. Batterson of B Company, who was struck 
in the arm by the fragment of a shell. 

In his official report of this action, Colonel Gleason says: 

Although not engaged with the enemy in the grand and successful assault 
of his works at Jonesborough, my command kept well closed up in support 
under a heavy fire of artillery, and did all as a supporting column that was 
required. Officers and enlisted men all behaved splendidly, and deserve 
great praise for the gallant and determined manner in which they moved 
forward to meet the enemy. The casualties of the brigade during this en- 
gagement were 1 killed and 7 wounded. 

On the morning of the 2d of September, our Regiment took 
position in the Confederate fortification in the vicinity of 
Jonesboro. We heard unusual sounds in the direction of 
Atlanta. The Confederate army, which had defended the 
city so long and well, was now evacuating. A reign of terror 
and excitement among the citizens set in. Scores of families 
packed what furniture they could into a cart or wagon, and 
left the city with Hood’s army; and those who had to wait 
for lack of transportation were frenzied with fear. The rear 
guard of the Confederate army loaded many freight cars with 
ammunition, which could not be removed, because we had 
cut the railroad, and ran them out on the track south of the 
city, and burnt them just as they stood there. When the 
flames reached the loaded shells, the sound of the fiercest 
bombardment we had ever heard was not equal to the noise. 
The explosions were so rapid, that all sounds were lost in 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



325 



•one grand roar. Shells were projected into the air like 
rockets, bursting in their flight. Amidst the terrible uproar 
was a constant *sound like musketry from the explosion of the 
cartridges. 

We remained in the enemy’s old works until noon of the 
6th, when we marched two miles north of Jonesboro and 
formed in line of battle facing south, and on the morn- 
ing of the 7th we moved in the direction of Atlanta, encamp- 
ing at Rough and Ready. At 7 o’clock on the morning of 
the 8th, we marched for Atlanta, following the railroad most 
of the way, and encamped south of the city, taking position 
in line near the suburbs facing towards the south. We en- 
camped on the right of the Campbellton road. We were in- 
spected by our Division commander, erected shanties, did 
guard and picket duty, until October the 3d. 

The Division commander reports the following: 

September 3, it was announced that Atlanta had been evacuated, and our 
campaign was at an end. In this long, remarkable, and glorious campaign 
the soldiers of this army have endured fatigues, sufferings, and privations 
which will never be known or related. The quiet and heroic patience with 
which all has been undergone, and duty performed, whilst establishing for 
them the highest reputation as soldiers, will still tend to cause their hard- 
ships to be forgotten. Starting without transportation and with only the 
supplies for an expedition of three or six weeks, these things have been re- 
quired to last for four months, so that often our officers, lying in the dirt and 
rain for days without shelter, have been unable to preserve the ordinary 
cleanliness which is essential to health, and many have broken down for 
want of proper food. During the greater part of the time our men have lain 
constantly under the enemy’s fire, at every moment liable to be picked off, 
whilst the sound, not of distant artillery and musketry, but of the closely- 
whistling bullet and bursting shell, has seldom been out of their ears. The 
rest which they have experienced by the simple cessation of these noises 
has been great. Our losses, in the slow operations of the trench, on picket, 
on daily and nighly skirmishes, as well as in battle, although distributed 
over a great length of time, yet equal in the aggregate the casualties of the 
greatest battles. The following report exhibits the total loss of the division 
in killed and wounded during the campaign from the 7th of May to the 7th 
of September : 



326 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 





Killed. 


Wounded. 


Missing. 


Total. 


oJ 


• 


Officers 


Men. 


| Officers. 
Men. 

1 


Officers. 


Men. 


Officers. 


Men. 


03 

tc 

CJ 

u 

ojO 

bO 

< 


Division staff . . 






1 : . . . 


1 


’ ' 


2 




2 


First Brigade 


7 


55 


15 277 




2 


22 


334 


356 


Second Brigade 


3 


23 


10 1 179 




4 


13 


206 


219 


Third Brigade 


4 


109 


3i 487 




10 


35 


606 


641 


Total Infantry .... 
Artillery 


14 
• • 


187 

• 


57 943 

9 




1 6 


72 


r,i46 

9 


I,2l6 

9 


. 1 

Total of Division . . . : 


14 


187 


57 ! 952 

i 


1 


16 

1 


72 


LI55 


1 , 225 



This loss of 1,225 officers and men is to be compared not with the aggre- 
gate effective force of 8,460 men with which we entered upon the campaign, 
but with a much smaller average in the field, as the time of many regiments 
soon expired, reducing our strength at the end of the campaign to an aggre- 
gate of 4,840 officers and men. 

The division captured during the four months 908 men, including 61 offi- 
cers. One hundred and forty-seven of these desired to be sent to the rear 
and classed as deserters, the rest as prisoners of war. It will be seen by this 
that while the division has not lost in all 20 prisoners, that it has taken from 
the rebel army, independent of those killed and wounded, almost as many 
men as it has lost in battle. Some flags have been captured, but not all 
turned over to me. Of material trophies, however, we have obtained little 
except arms of no great value to our army. 

A. BAIRD, 

Brigadier- General, Commanding Division. 

The Brigade commander reports the following: 

During the whole of this laborious and eventful campaign the officers and 
enlisted men of this brigade have at all times manifested that patience and 
cheerful attention to duty for which they have heretofore been so signally 
distinguished. Where all have done so well it would seem unjust to dis- 
criminate. I cannot, however, fail to commend the faithful conduct of 
Lieut.-Col. W. O’Brien, commanding Seventy-fifth Indiana Volunteers; 
Lieut.-Col. Thomas Doan, One-hundred and first Indiana Volunteers; Lieut.- 
Col. J. W. Bishop, Second Minnesota Veteran Volunteers ; Lieut. -Col. E. P. 
Hammond, Eighty-seventh Indiana Volunteers ; Lieut. -Col. George T. Per- 
kins, One-hundred and fifth Ohio Volunteers, and Maj. Joseph L. Budd, 
Thirty-fifth Ohio Volunteers ; also Maj. C. J. McCole, commanding Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Volunteers since July 20, and Maj. Charles G. Edwards, com- 



327 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

manding One-hundred and fifth Ohio Volunteers, in support of the skirmish 
line during the advance on August 5, and Maj. R. C. Sabin, Eighty-seventh 
Indiana Volunteers, commanding skirmish line, all of whom have handled 
their respective commands with promptness and ability. These officers de- 
serve great credit for their gallant, strict and faithful execution of orders on 
all occasions. There are many line officers and enlisted men who deserve 
special mention, but the limits of this report will only allow me to respect- 
fully refer to the reports of regimental commanders. When the brigade 
left Ringgold the effective force numbered 2,549. Two regiments, the Ninth 
Ohio and Thirty-fifth Ohio, have left the brigade on account of the expira- 
tion of their term of service. The Second Minnesota is still absent. Effective 
force present in four regiments, 1,120. 

Casualties of four regiments : 



Killed Wounded. Total. 







Officers. 


Men. 

1 


C /3 

U 

V 

g 


Men. 

1 


Vi 

V 

0 


Men. 


Aggregat 


87th Indiana Volunteers, Lieut. Col. 
E. P. Hammond 




3 ' 


1 


23 


1 


26 


27 


75th Indiana Volunteers, Maj. C. J. 
McCole 




6 


1 


19 


1 


25 


26 


101st Indiana Volunteers, Lieut. Col. 
Thomas Doan . . .... 




2 


2 


28 


2 


3 ° 


32 


105th Ohio Volunteers, Lieut. Col. 
George T. Perkins 




4 


1 j 


29 


1 . 


33 


34 


Total 


i 


15 


5 


99 


5 


114 


119 



The casualties of the Second Minnesota and Thirty-fifth Ohio regiments 
will bear a proportional average with the above regiments, including one 
officer in each regiment killed. The members of the brigade staff — Capt. 
Clinton A. Cilley, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General ; Captain Samuel 
L’Hommedieu, Assistant Inspector-General ; Capt. Sanford Fortuer, Provost 
Marshal ; Capt. M. D. Ellis, Topographical Engineer; Lieut. C. C. Col- 
burn, Acting Aide-de-Camp ; Lieut. W. H. Osborn, Acting Commissary of 
Subsistence; Lieut. W. H. Conner, Acting Assistant Quartermaster — have 
faithfully discharged the duties of their respective departments. Captains 
Cilley and L’Hommedieu having been absent since July 15, Captains Fort- 
ner and Ellis have performed their duties, the former that of Acting Assist- 
ant Adjutant-General, the latter Acting Inspector, in a highly efficient man- 
ner. I am, Major, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

N. GLEASON. 

Colonel Eighty-Seventh Indiana Vols., Comdg. Brig. 
Maj. James A. Lowrie, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



328 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

The following is the report of Major McCole for the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment: 

Hdqrs. Seventy-Fifth Regiment Indiana Voes., 
Near Atlanta, Ga. t September 9, 1864. 

I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of this 
Regiment since last report; also a statement of the strength of Regiment 
May 7, 1864, and casualties since that time. I do not consider it necessary 
to mention the marches, etc., of this Regiment that were performed jointly 
with the command, and under your immediate observation. That omitted, 
leaves but the operatious of August 31 and the morning of September 1, 
1864, to report. During that time this Regiment was connected with the 
expedition under the command of Colonel Hunter, of the Eighty-second 
Indiana, which had for its object the destruction of the railroad between 
Atlanta and Macon, Ga. That object was successfully and efficiently 
accomplished, this Regiment taking an active part, laboring without any 
intermission in building fortifications and in destroying the railroad track, 
until ordered to rejoin the command. 

The effective strength of this Regiment was — 



May 7, 1864: 

Officers 21 

Enlisted men 403 

424 

.September 9, 1864: 

Officers 17 

Enlisted men 309 

326 



98 



Accounted for as follows: 

Company C, detailed to guard medical supplies 27 

Sick, sent away, greater thau number returned 27 

Wounded, not fatally 23 

Killed and died of wounds 9 

Detached as hospital attendants, etc * * . . 12 



Total 98 



C. J. McCOEE, 

Major Commanding Regiment. 

Captain Cieeey, 

Assistant Adjutant-General , Second Brigade. 

It will be noticed that from the Seventy-fifth Indiana, 
{Colonel Gleason reports six killed and twenty wounded on 
the Atlanta campaign, aggregating twenty-six. Major Mc- 
Cole reports killed and mortally wounded, nine; and wounded, 
not fatally, twenty-three, aggregating thirty-two, which is 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 329 

next to the highest loss of any Regiment in the Brigade. 
The report of the Regimental commander is the correct one. 
The following is the list of names: Killed and died of wounds: 
Robert M. Brown and John G. Mote, of A Company; Allen 
W. Hosier, of B Company; Isaac M. Larick, James Porter 
and David Riley, of F Company; William Brown, of K Com- 
pany; Elijah Eewark, of G Company; and Joseph Conklin, 
of D Company. 

Wounded more or less severely: Lieut. -Colonel William 
O’Brien, commanding the Regiment; Lemuel Freeman, of A 
Company; Corporal James W. Batterson, of B Company; 
Earl S. Stone and Joseph Lloyd, of D Company; Corporal 
Benj. B. Barn uni, David Eubank, Andrew P. Bilbee, Jacob 
Coffman and Stephen H. Myers, of E Company; James Hol- 
loway, of B Company; Ebenezer Blossom, Walter B. Kress 
and David Gift, of H Company; Corporal John Powell, Cor- 
poral John Sperry, Elias Summers, George W. Passwater, 
John Baker, John W. Richardson and Jeremiah Sherman, of 
I Company; and two others were wounded, whose names 
cannot now be recalled — one of them on August 4th. 

The effective force of the Second Brigade, taken from the 
report of July 4th, 1864: 



Command. 


Officers. 


Men. 


Total. 


Second Brigade, Col. N. Gleason, 87th Indiana, com- 
manding : 

2d Minnesota Volunteers, Lieut Col. J. W. Bishop. . 


19 


349 


368 


35th Ohio Volunteers, Maj. J. L. Budd. ....... 


15 


258 


273 


105th Ohio Volunteers, Lieut. Col. G. T. Perkins. 


19 


290 


309 


75th Indiana Volunteers, Lieut. Col. William O’Brien. 


20 


352 


372 


87th Indiana Volunteers, Lieut. Col. E. P. Hammond. 


15 


274 


289 


101st Indiana Volunteers, Lieut. Col. Thomas Doan . 


24 


3i9 


343 


Total 


112 


1,842 


; 1,954 


19th Indiana Battery, First Lieut. W. P. Stackhouse. 


3 


134 


; 137 



22 



330 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

The losses of General Sherman’s army from Chattanooga 
to Atlanta (May 5th to September 8th, 1864) were as follows: 
Killed, 4,423; wounded, 22,822; captured, 4,422— total, 
31,687. 

The losses of the Confederate army confronting us, under 
Generals Johnston and Hood, were killed, 3,044; wounded, 
18,952; captured, 12,983— total, 34,979. 

The campaign for the capture of the city of Atlanta was 
great in the records of war; and the losses were fearful in the 
annals of humanity. It was probably the most difficult and 
hardest campaign of the war for the suppression of the re- 
bellion — certainly the severest through which the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Regiment had ever been called upon to pass. It 
was characterized, however, by no great battle in which the 
army was generally engaged; the frequent fierce combats by 
Brigades, Divisions and Corps, which occurred by reason of 
the flank movements and night marches, did not attain to the 
sublimity of a general engagement. The advance was, never- 
theless, a campaign of the science of war — of the very highest 
strategic manoeuvres — involving a continuous fusilade of 
musketry and duels of artillery for the period of a hundred 
days. It was a campaign of fights by day and funerals by 
night. During the night we slept on our arms and built our 
fortifications, and during the day we fought behind our works 
and lived in our gopher-holes, above which very often we 
could not lift our heads without receiving a shot. For four 
months we advanced in the face of a formidable and well- 
intrenched foe, through mountain fastnesses and over wide 
rivers, on an average of a mile per day. 

Van Horne’s History of the Army of the Cumberland says: 
“The fall of Atlanta was hailed by the Northern people as a 
result of great moment. The noise of cannon all over the 
land, orders of congratulation from Washington and army 
commanders, gave expression to the general appreciation of 
the campaign and its issue. The moral effect of the con- 
summation was, indeed, great, North and South, and, yet, as 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. * 331 

no army had been destroyed or signally defeated, the posses- 
sion of Atlanta was only a partial solution to the war problem 
in the West. The march southward of Sherman’s armies, 
despite the heaviest concentration that could be made in re- 
sistance, the destruction of extensive manufactories of ma- 
terials of war, and the palpable diminution of the central 
insurgent forces, were grand results, indeed; but the Con- 
federate Army of the Tennessee was not annihilated, and 
until it and the one in Virginia should be, the end of the war 
could not come.” 

General Orders, ^ Hdqrs. Dept, of the Cumbereand, 

No. 134. f Atlanta , Ga., September 9, 1864. 

Soldiers of the Army of the Cumberland: 

The major-general commanding, with pride and pleasure, congratulates 
you upon the fact that your achievements during the campaign which has 
just closed, in connection with those of the Armies of the Tennessee and 
Ohio, have received such distinguished marks of appreciation as the thanks 
of the President of the United States and of the major-general commanding 
the Military Division of the Mississippi. 

Your commander 11 ow desires to add his thanks to those you have already 
received, for the tenacity of purpose, unmurmuring endurance, cheerful 
obedience, brilliant heroism, and all those high qualities which you have 
displayed to an eminent degree, in attacking and defeating the cohorts of 
treason, driving them from position after position, each of their own choos- 
ing, cutting their communications, and in harassing their flanks and rear, 
during the many marches, battles, and sieges of this long and eventful 
campaign. 

It is impossible, within the limits of an order like this, to enumerate the 
many instances in which your gallantry has been conspicuous; but among 
them may be mentioned the actions of Rocky Face Mountain and before 
Dalton, fought between the 8th and 13th of May, of Resaca on the 14th and 
15th, of Adairsville on the 17th, and of New Hope Church on the 25th of 
the same month, of Kolb’s Farm June 22, Peach Tree Creek July 20, and 
the crowning one of Jonesborough, fought September 1, which secured the 
capture of the city of Atlanta, the goal for which we set out more than four 
months ago, and furnished a brilliant termination to your struggles for that 
long period. 

Let these successes encourage you to the continued exercise of those same 
high qualities, and to renewed exertions in the cause of our country and 
humanity when you shall again be called upon to meet the foe, and be as- 
sured the time is not far distant when your prowess will conquer what terri- 
tory now remains within the circumscribed limits of the rebellion. A few 



33 2 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



more fields like those whose names now crowd your standards, and we can 
dictate the terms of a peace alike honorable to yourselves and our country. 
You cau then retire to your homes amid the plaudits of your friends and 
with the proud consciousness that you have deserved well of the country. 

Our rejoicings are not unmixed with a proud regret for our brave com- 
rades who have fallen. Their graves mark the spots where they went down 
amid the din aud roar of battle, dotting every field and hillside, or lying 
beneath the spreading boughs of the forest along our route; they will in 
future days serve like finger boards to point out to the traveler the march of 
3’our victorious columns. Those silent mounds appeal to us to remain true 
to ourselves and the country, and to so discharge the high duty devolving 
upon us that their lives, which they so freely offered up, may not prove a 
useless sacrifice. 

By command of Major-General Thomas: 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
Assistant Adj ntant-General. 

Special Fieed Orders, ' l Hdqrs. Mie. Div. of the Miss., 

v- In the Field , near Jonesborough, Ga. 

No. 66. ) September 6, 1864. 

I. The General-in-Chief communicates with a feeling of just pride and 
satisfaction the following orders of the President of the United States, and 
telegram of Lieut. Gen. U. S. Grant, on hearing of the capture of Atlanta: 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, D. C., September 3, 1864. 

The national thanks are tendered by the President to Maj. Gen. W. T. 
Sherman and the gallant officers and soldiers of his command before At- 
lanta, for the distiuguished ability, courage, and perseverance displayed iu 
the campaign in Georgia, which, under Divine favor, has resulted in the 
capture of the city of Atlanta. The marches, battles, sieges, aud other mil- 
itary operations that have signalized the campaign, must render it famous in 
the annals of war, and have entitled those who have participated therein to 
the applause aud thanks of the nation. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN, 
President of the United States. 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington City, September 3, 1864. 

Ordered: 

First. That on Monday, the 5th day of September, commencing at the 
hour of 12 noon, there shall be given a salute of 100 guns at the Arsenal and 
Navy-Yard, Washington, and on Tuesday, the 6th day of September, or on 
the day after the receipt of this order, at each arsenal and navy-yard in the 
United States, for the recent brilliant achievements of the fleet and land 
forces of the United States in the harbor of Mobile, and in the reduction of 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



333 



Fort Powell, Fort Gaines, and Fort Morgan. The Secretary of War and 
Secretary of Navy will issue the necessary directions in their respective De- 
partments, for the execution of this order. 

Second, That on Wednesday, the 7th day of September, commencing at 
the hour of 12 noon, there shall be fired a salute of 100 guns at the arsenal 
at Washington, and at New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Pitts- 
burg, Newport, Ky., Saint Louis, New Orleans, Mobile, Pensacola, Hilton 
Head, and New Berne, or the day after the receipt of this order, for the 
brilliant achievements of the army under command of Major-General 
Sherman in the State of Georgia, and the capture of Atlanta. The Secretary 
of War will issue directions for the execution of this order. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN, 
President of the United States. 

City Point, Va., September 4, 1864, 9 p. m. 
Major-Generae Sherman: 

I have just received your dispatch announcing the capture of Atlanta. In 
honor of your great victory I have ordered a salute to be fired with shotted 
guns from every battery bearing upon the enemy. The salute will be fired 
within an hour, amidst great rejoicing. 

U. S. GRANT, 
Lieutenant-General. 

II. All the corps, regiments, and batteries composing this army may, 
without further orders, inscribe “Atlanta” on their colors. 

By order of Maj. Gen. W. T. Sherman: 

L. M. DAYTON, 

A ide-de- Camp. 



CHAPTER XIII. 



EXPEDITION TO GAYLESVILLE, ALABAMA, IN PURSUIT OF THE 
CONFEDERATE ARMY UNDER GENERAL HOOD. 

(OCTOBER 3D TO NOVEMBER I5TH, 1 864.) 

Atlanta, at the time our army was in possession of it, was 
about the largest and most important town in Northern 
Georgia. Its population was about 5,000 at the time we cap- 
tured it. It was a place of great business activity, with four 
railroads running into it, which made it a depot for all the 
cotton and grain of many of the adjacent counties. During 
our occupancy, General Sherman converted the city into a 
military garrison, and gave orders for the removal of the 
whole civil population, furnishing the citizens with free 
transportation to the North or South, as they themselves pre- 
ferred. This order, which, notwithstanding the hardships 
and sufferings it entailed, was a military necessity, provoked 
a bitter correspondence between Sherman and Hood. 

During the month of September we got a long, good rest 
at Atlanta, in nice, clean, healthy quarters. But few of the 
members of the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment were sick at 
this point. While encamped here one only — Martin S. Mer- 
rill, of B Company — died of disease, which occurred on the 
2 2d of September. The disabled from wounds, diseases and 
other causes in the campaign were sent to Chattanooga and 
points farther North. 

On the 21st of September, Hood’s army, which, since its 
evacuation of Atlanta, had been lying about Eovejoy’s Station, 
on the Macon Railroad, moved across to Palmetto Station on 
the West Point Railroad. His Cavalry was sent to the 
vicinity of Powder Springs, west of the Chattahoochee River. 

( 334 ) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



335 



This movement on the part of Hood apparently opened the 
way for Sherman at once to enter Central Georgia with his 
army. It was a ruse, however. Sherman’s soldierly instincts 
enabled him to infer that Hood’s real purpose of the move- 
ment was to assume the aggressive against the railroad in our 
rear. The public speech made by Jeff. Davis to the Con- 
federate soldiers at Palmetto Station, as reported to General 
Sherman by one of his spies, who was present, in which 
Davis vaingloriously asserted that the Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky soldiers, then with Hood, would soon walk upon their 
native soil, confirmed Sherman’s inference with regard to 
Hood’s purposes. 

The plan of the Confederate commander was to move his 
army to Sherman’s rear, cut his communications, advance 
northward by sweeping through the States of Tennessee and 
Kentucky, gather recruits from these States as he progressed, 
and at last stand upon the banks of the Ohio River a mighty 
host of one hundred thousand strong! By this movement, it 
was expected that, to prevent the starvation of his army, 
Sherman would be compelled to make a retreat, which would 
be a repetition of that of Napoleon from Moscow, incurring 
more disastrous results. Sherman, however, was master of 
the situation, as he usually was, and scattered Hood’s vision- 
ary project to the four winds. He hurriedly sent to the rear, 
by railroad, two Divisions of his army — Newton’s, of the 
Fourth Corps, to Chattanooga, and Corse’s, of the Seven- 
teenth Corps, to Rome. A large Confederate Cavalry force 
from Mississippi, under Forrest, now made an invasion into 
Middle Tennessee. On the 29th, General Thomas, accom- 
panied by the Second Division of our Corps, was also sent to 
Chattanooga by cars to meet this threatened danger in Ten- 
nessee. On discovering the next day that Hood was crossing 
the Chattahoochee with his entire army and advancing upon 
his communications in the direction of Rome, Sherman 
immediately issued orders for the mobilization of his entire 
army northward in pursuit of Hood, except the Twentieth 



336 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Corps under Slocum, which was left in Atlanta to hold the 
town and the bridges spanning the Chattahoochee River. 

SPECIAL FIELD ORDER NO. 68. 

Headquarters Mieitary Division oe the Mississippi, 

In the Field , Atlanta , Ga ., October 3, 1864. 

The following movements are ordered: 

I. Major-General Slocum, with Twentieth Corps, will hold Atlanta and 
the Chattahoochee bridge, and all detachments of other troops or corps will 
report to him and be assigned by him to posts looking to the security of the 
depot. 

II. All the rest of the army, provided with ten (10) days’ rations, will 
move by the Chattahoochee bridge to Smyrna Camp-ground — the Army of 
the Cumberland, Major-General Stanley, on the center, looking west ; the 
Army of the Ohio, Brigadier-General Cox, on . the right, and the Army of the 
Tennessee, Major-General Howard, on the left. 

III. The commanding general will be near the center. 

By order of General W. T. Sherman. 

(Signed) L. M. DAYTON, 

Aid-de-Camp.. 

The five Corps of Sherman’s army since the opening of the 
campaign against Atlanta were reduced by deaths, detach- 
ments and discharges to 70,000 men of all arms, and under- 
went various changes in commanders since the occupation of 
Atlanta. General D. S. Stanley of the Fourth Corps was 
temporarily in command of the Army of the Cumberland in 
place of General Thomas, who went to Tennessee to com- 
mand the detachments of troops against Forrest and others; 
General J. D. Cox was in command of the Army of the Ohio 
in room of General Schofield, who went to the rear; and the 
Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps of the Army of the Ten- 
nessee under Howard, were commanded by Generals P. J. 
Osterhaus and T. E. G. Ransom, in room of Generals Eogan 
and Blair, who were at home stumping their respective 
States for the election of Lincoln to the second term. The 
Confederate army, under Hood, now numbered about 40,000 
infantry, artillery and cavalry, whilst Forrest’s Cavalry in 
Tennessee consisted of 8,000 troopers. 



oj Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



337 



To intercept Hood, General Sherman ordered his two Cav- 
alry Divisions, under Kilpatrick and Garrard, to be sent to 
Sweetwater and Powder Springs; ordered Howard, with a 
portion of the army of the Tennessee, to make a reconnais- 
sance in the direction of Fairburn; commanded Cox to send 
a Division of the Twenty-third Corps to Flat Rock; and sent 
the rest of the army to take possession of the Chattahoochee 
River bridges. We were with this part of the army. By the 
ist of October Hood’s forces had reached the railroad north 
of Marietta, and its destruction had already begun. Shortly 
afterwards they moved towards Rome and Allatoona. At the 
latter place, on the 5th, a Confederate Division of Stewart’s 
Corps, under General French, was severely thrashed by 
Corse’s Division of the Seventeenth Corps, which had been 
previously sent thither. Portions of Hood’s army appeared 
at different points and times all along the railroad. 

On Sunday morning, Oct. 2d, the Seventy-fifth Indiana 
Regiment with its Brigade and Division received marching 
orders, with ten days’ rations, for the pursuit of Hood’s 
army, and on the afternoon of the 3d moved out of camp 
near the Campbellton road, marched until 8 o’clock at night 
in the direction of the Chattahoochee River, and encamped 
near the bridge. At 6 o’clock on the morning of the next 
day, we resumed the pursuit. Thus we began the weary and 
toilsome march over the old battle grounds of the Atlanta 
campaign. In this northward march we frequently biv- 
ouacked in the old fortifications of the Confederates. Going 
in an opposite direction from the first, we again passed 
through the towns of Acworth, Cartersville, Kingston, 
Rome, Calhoun and Resaca. The track of desolation 
by the two contending armies on the former campaign was 
plainly perceptible in these beautiful towns. We crossed 
over the Chattahoochee, Coosa and Chattooga Rivers and Tay- 
lor’s Ridge into the Chattooga Valley for the purpose of in- 
intercepting Hood’s invasion. The Army of the Tennessee 
marched through Snake Creek Gap, and we — Army of the 



338 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Cumberland — marched via Tilton across the mountain to the 
west. But Hood had escaped down the Valley of the Chat- 
tooga; his army was too far in our advance and too fleet of 
foot to catch. We chased his army down the valley to the 
vicinity of Gadsden, where we left it. On the 21st our 
Brigade moved across the line into Cherokee county, Ala- 
bama, as far as Gaylesville, encamping on a hill late in the 
evening, south of the town. Our pursuit of Hood’s army 
ended here. We remained at this place for a period of eight 
days. 

In consequence of the destruction of the railroad by Hood’s 
army, which interrupted our communications, it was a mili- 
tary necessity to draw supplies from the rich and fertile lands 
of the neighborhood in which we were encamped. This was 
the beginning of the process of foraging for subsistence, of 
which, up to this time, the Seventy-fifth Indiana knew so 
little, but afterwards so much, All the foraging heretofore 
by our Regiment was done without orders. “Uncle Sam” 
had supplied us with plenty of food, excepting the time of 
the siege of Chattanooga, when he could not get it to us; but 
now that the Confederate army had broken our “cracker 
line,” we were compelled to get our supplies from some other 
source than “Uncle Sam’s” Commissary. The first regu- 
larly detailed party for systematic foraging from the Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Regiment consisted of twenty men, commanded 
by Lieutenant Zehrung, of E Company, who were sent out 
with teams on the 25th from camp at Gaylesville into the 
rich Valley of the Chattooga, returning on the"27th with a 
yoke of oxen hitched to a wagon, loaded with beef, pork, 
sweet potatoes, four darkeys, et cetera. A detail was made 
from the Brigade to build a bridge over Chattooga River and 
to run a grist-mill near town. A squad of thirty men from 
our Regiment, under Captain Elliott, of E Company, repaired 
the dam at the mill. This was on the 24th. 

During our stay here the Second Division of our Corps, 
under General Morgan, returned; Generals Schofield and 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



339 



Mower also arrived, the former assuming his old command, 
that of the Army of the Ohio, and the latter was assigned to 
command a Division in the Seventeenth Corps. 

It was also during our encampment here that General 
Sherman fully determined to leave the Confederate army 
under Hood to the care of General Thomas, whilst he him- 
self, with a portion of his army, would march to the sea, and 
thence operate with General Grant against Richmond, Va. 
Accordingly, he ordered the Fourth Corps, 15,000 strong, 
under Stanley, from Gaylesville, and the Twenty-third Corps, 
(Army of the Ohio) 12,000 strong, under Schofield, from 
Cedar Bluff, on the Coosa River, near Gaylesville, to Chatta- 
nooga, and report to General Thomas. 

In this strategic game of war, we were compelled to sus- 
tain the loss of our great and ideal commander — the modest, 
unselfish, trustful and resolute General George H. Thomas. 
But our loss was the country’s gain. The Military Division 
of the Mississippi had many skillful, brave and popular lead- 
ers, from Sherman down; but none possessed such a universal 
admiration, confidence and love of the soldiers, whom he 
commanded, as Thomas. Above all others, he was idolized 
by the troops of our Corps, which he first commanded. Some 
of our Regiments had served under him from Mill Springs 
to Atlanta, and it was the supreme desire of every man in the 
Corps to be led by him to the end. We rejoiced greatly and 
felt very much complimented that “Uncle Billy” Sherman 
selected among others our Corps to go to the sea under his bril- 
liant leadership; but our hearts were made sorrowful indeed, 
that we could no longer be under the command of “Pap” 
Thomas. Sherman very well knew whom to select for the 
very responsible work of annihilation of Hood’s army and 
other Confederates in Middle Tennessee, when he appointed 
Thomas to do it. Thomas had few equals and no superiors 
in either Union or Confederate armies. 

On Saturday, 29th, at 6 o’clock a. m., we broke camp at 
Gaylesville, Alabama, and marched for Rome, Ga., — a dis- 



340 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

tance of 25 miles — where we arrived at 9 o’clock on the night 
of the 30th, bivouacking on the banks of the Btowali. The 
Seventy-fifth Indiana with many other Regiments was. paid 
off here, not having received any money from the Govertnent 
for a period of eight months, and it was the last payment we 
received until our muster out, on June 8th, 1865. 

At 6:30 a. m., of November 2d, we left Rome for Kings- 
ton, where we arrived in a drenching rain, on the afternoon 
of the same day. We remained encamped at Kingston for 
ten days. The Army with which Sherman was about to be- 
gin the great raid to the sea-coast was scattered from Rome 
to Atlanta. On the 8th, the Presidential election occurred 
throughout the country, resulting in the election of Abraham 
Lincoln over General Geo. B. McClellan for the second term. 
Polls were opened during the day in the Seventy-fifth Indi- 
ana Regiment, and all votes cast were for Lincoln and John- 
son. Though within a couple of years of being of age, this 
was the first vote cast by the writer. It was not counted, 
however. 

On the 12th we struck tents at Kingston, and began the 
march for Atlanta. Passing through Cartersville, we en- 
camped for the night near an old furnace in the Allatoona 
Mountains, sixteen miles from the place of starting. On the 
next day the Brigade marched eighteen miles, and destroyed 
two miles of the Atlantic and Western Railroad between 
Acworth and Big Shanty, encamping at the foot of Kenesaw 
Mountain. It was one of the hardest day’s work during our 
entire service. The destruction of this railroad, together 
with the telegraph lines, at this time and place, broke all our 
connections with the rear. We thereby cut loose from all 
communications with our friends at home, and for a period of 
forty days the whole Northern States breathlessly and anx- 
iously awaited tidings from us. 

On the 14th, at daylight, we took up the line of march, 
halting an hour or two at Marietta, where we had done pro- 
vost-guard duty for a few days during the campaign of the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 341 

previous summer. We crossed the Chattahoochee River in 
the afternoon, on the east bank of which we bivouacked for 
the night. On the morning of the next day we marched 
through Atlanta, and encamped a couple of miles east of the 
city. On the night of the 15th a terrible picture of desola- 
tion was presented to our view. The whole business portion 
of Atlanta was a roaring, seething mass of flames. Millions 
of dollars’ worth of property went up in smoke. The destruc- 
tion was complete as far as making the city worthless for 
military purposes, which was the intention. Some of the 
magnificent brick business houses, in which were placed the 
government stores, were no barriers to the onward march of 
the fire, but only fuel to the resistless fury of the flames as 
they swept madly on in their destructiveness. We drew cloth- 
ing and rations on that memorable night out of some of those 
buildings, whilst they were enveloped in a sheet of flame. 

SPECIAL FIELD ORDER NO. 120. 

Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field, Kingston, Ga., Nov. 9, 1864. 

I. For the purpose of military organization, this army is divided into two 
wings, viz.: 

The right wing, Major-General O. O. Howard commanding, the Fif- 
teenth and Seventeenth Corps. 

The left wing, Major-General H. W. Slocum commanding, the Four- 
teenth and Twentieth Corps. 

II. The habitual order of march will be, wherever practicable, by four 
roads, as near parallel as possible, and converging at points hereafter indi- 
cated in orders. The cavalry, Brigadier-General Kilpatrick commanding, 
will receive special orders from the Commander-iu-Chief. 

************** 

By order of Major-General W. T. Sherman. 

L. M. DAYTON, 
Aide-de-Camp. 



CHAPTER XIV. 



THE MARCH TO THE SEA, AND CAPTURE OE SAVANNAH, GA. 

(NOVEMBER I5TH, 1864, TO JANUARY I9TH, 1865.) 

The troops selected by Sherman for the grand inarch 
thiough the State of Georgia to the seaboard, as Special Field 
Order No. 120, recorded in the preceding chapter, shows, con- 
sisted of four Corps — the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Seventeenth 
and Twentieth — and a Division of Cavalry. They aggregated 
62,204 in infantry, artillery and cavalry. They were organ- 
ized into two wings — the right was commanded by Major- 
General O. O. Howard, and consisted of the Fifteenth and 
Seventeenth Corps under the command of Major-Generals P. 
J. Osterhaus and Frank P. Blair, in the order named. The 
left was in command of Major-General Henry W. Slocum, 
and was composed of the Fourteenth Corps, commanded by 
Brevet Major-General Jefferson C. Davis, and the Twentieth 
Corps, commanded by Brigadier-General A. S. Williams. 
The Fifteenth Corps had four Divisions, commanded re- 
spectively by Brigadier-Generals Charles R. Woods, William 
B. Hazen, John E. Smith and John M. Corse. The Seven- 
teenth Corps embraced three Divisions, in command of Major- 
General J. A. Mower, and Brigadier-Generals M. D. Eeggett 
and Giles A. Smith. The Fourteenth Corps comprised three 
Divisions, commanded by Brigadier-Generals W. P. Carlin, 
James D. Morgan and Absalom Baird. The Twentieth Corps 
embraced three Divisions also, in command of Brigadier- 
Generals N. J. Jackson, John W. Geary and W. T. Ward. 
As heretofore stated, the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment was 
in the Second Brigade (Gleason’s), Third Division (Baird’s) 
and Fourteenth Corps (Davis’). The Cavalry Division was 

( 342 ) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



343 



in command of Brigadier-General Judson Kilpatrick, and em- 
braced two Brigades under Colonels Eli H. Murry and Smith 
D. Atkins. All the Regiments and Batteries were thoroughly 
purged of non-combatants. Soldiers who were disabled 
through sickness and wounds had all been sent to the rear. 
Hence these sixty thousand men in the four Corps were all 
able-bodied and experienced soldiers by reason of the previous 
length of their service, and the hardships through which they 
passed in former campaigns. General Grant thus gives his 
opinion of the morale of Sherman’s army, as equipped for the 
march: “Sherman’s army, after all the depletions, numbered 
about sixty thousand effective men. All weak men had been 
left to hold the rear, and those remaining were not only well 
men, but strong and hardy, so that he had sixty thousand as 
good soldiers as ever trod the earth; better than any European 
soldiers, because they not only worked like a machine, but 
the machine thought.” (Personal Memoirs, Vol. 2, p. 354.) 
Thus the citizens of Georgia had a grand opportunity of wit- 
nessing one of the finest armies of the world on the march, as 
its tide of invasion rolled onward to the sea. They also had 
a sufficient taste of the bitterness and miseries of war to last 
them for several generations — particularly those who lived 
along the track of our broad belt of ruin. 

General Sherman took with him, also, 2,500 wagons, each 
drawn by a team of six mules, 600 ambulances, each drawn 
by two horses, and 16 Batteries of four guns each, and to each 
gun, caisson and forge was attached a team of four horses. 
These were all equally divided with the four Corps. The 
wagons were chiefly loaded with ammunition. 

The inarch to the sea was divided into three stages. The 
first was indicated by the following: 

SPECIAL FIELD ORDER NO. 1 24. 

Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field, Atlanta , Ga., Nov. 14, 1864. 

The armies will begin the movement on Milledgevilie and Gordon to-mor- 
row, the 15th November, as follows: 



344 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

I. The right wing will move via McDonough and Monticello to Gordon. 

II. The left wing (General Slocum’s) will move via Covington, Social 
Circle and Madison to Milledgeville, destroying the railroad in a most thor- 
ough manner, from Yellow river to Madison. 

III. The Cavalry (General Kilpatrick commanding) will move in concert 
with the right wing, feigning strong in the direction of Forsyth and 
Macon, but will cross the Ocmulgee on the pontoon bridge of General How- 
ard. 

IV. Each column will aim to reach its destination — viz., Gordon and 
Milledgeville — on the seventh day’s march, and each army commander will, 
on arrival, communicate with the other wing and the commanding Gen- 
eral, who will accompany the left wing. 

By order of Major-General W. T. Sherman. 

E. M. DAYTON, 

A ide-de- Camp. 

On the morning of November the 15th, the famous march 
to the sea began. The first objective was Milledgeville, the 
capital of Georgia, which lay a hundred miles to the south- 
east. The army, marching upon divergent lines, was to 
reach the capital in seven days. Howard’s wing, accom- 
panied by the Cavalry on its right flank, took up the line of 
march along the Macon and Western Railroad, via Jonesboro, 
in the direction of Macon. Slocum’s wing — the Twentieth 
Corps in advance — followed the Georgia Railroad, via De- 
catur, Stone Mountain and Covington, in the direction of 
Madison. Our Corps did not start until the next day. 
Sherman himself remained in Atlanta with us, and accom- 
panied us as far as Milledgeville. 

On the 16th at 9 o’clock a. m., together with our Division 
and Corps, we broke camp at Atlanta, and set our faces sea- 
ward, and turned our backs upon the ruined city. Our 
Brigade was in advance. It was a charming November 
morning. The Corps, marching to the music of the bands, 
with swinging, regular step, arms glistening in the sunlight, 
and colors unfurled to the balmy breezes, was as fine a picture 
as eyes ever saw. In his usual elegant style, General Sher- 
man thus describes the scene: 

“About 7 a. m., of November 16th, we rode out of Atlanta 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 345 





346 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

by the Decatur road, filled by the marching troops and wagons 
of the Fourteenth Corps; and reaching the hill, just outside 
of the old rebel works, we naturally paused to look back, upon 
the scenes of our past battles. We stood upon the very 
ground whereon was fought the bloody battle of July 22d, 
and could see the copse of wood where McPherson fell. Be- 
hind us lay Atlanta, smouldering and in ruins, the black 
smoke rising high in air, and hanging like a pall over the 
ruined city. Away off in the distance, on the McDonough 
road, was the rear of Howard’s column, the gun-barrels glis- 
tening in the sun, the white-topped wagons stretching away 
to the south; and right behind us the Fourteenth Corps,, 
marching steadily and rapidly, with a cheery look and swing- 
ing pace, that made light of the thousand miles that lay be- 
tween us and Richmond. Some band by accident struck 
up the anthem of ‘John Brown’s soul goes marching on;* 
the men caught up the strain, and never before or since have 
I heard the chorus of ‘Glory, glory, hallelujah!’ done with 
more spirit, or in better harmony of time and place.”' 
(Memoirs, vol. 2, p. 178). 

About noon, we passed through the town of Decatur, and 
bivouacked for the night a few miles south of Stone Moun- 
tain. Here John S. Shull of K Company of the Regiment 
died from disease, contracted after our communications from 
the North had been severed. He was a recruit, joining the 
Regiment, whilst we lay at Ringgold, just before the opening 
of the Atlanta campaign, and was not yet hardened to the 
life of a soldier. On the morning of the 17th, before taking 
up the line of march through the villages of Dithonia and 
Congers, we tenderly laid our comrade’s body at the foot of 
Stone Mountain, whose monumental peaks, formed by the 
hand of nature, mark his grave. After halting and eating 
our dinners, our Brigade tore up a couple of miles of the 
Georgia Railroad to settle them. On account of its frequent 
recurrence, it was a work of destruction in which we became 
proficient, and for which we became famed. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



347 




THE BRIGADE DESTROYING A RAID ROAD IN GEORGIA. 

The destruction of a railroad by the Regiment or Brigade 
was an art of itself. The troops were divided into three sec- 
tions of equal numbers. The first was distributed along one 
side of the track — each man at the end of each tie. At a 
given command, each soldier seized a tie, lifted it gently, 
until it assumed a vertical position, and at another command 
pushed it forward so that when it fell the ties would be on 
top of the rails. This process reversed the relative positions 
of the wooden ties and iron rails — the ties up and the rails 
beneath them. The first section of soldiers would now move 
forward upon another portion of the road and overturn it, 
whilst the second section would advance and occupy the 
place of the first section, and collect these ties and put them 
on piles of thirty ties each — placing the rails on the top of 
these piles, the centre of each rail lying on the centre of the 



348 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

pile, and then set these piles of ties on fire. The third section 
would then take the place of the second section, and effectu- 
ally destroy the heated rails by bending and twisting them, 
by means of railroad hooks prepared for the purpose, until 
they assumed the shape of a doughnut. When the hooks 
were not accessible, we bent and twisted the rails around 
telegraph poles and trees. When we had once finished our 
work of destruction, the rails could not be restored to their 
former shape except by recasting. This was hard work, but 
several miles of track could be thus destroyed and ruined in 
an incredibly short time. 

On the 1 8th we marched through the beautiful town of 
Covington, with our ranks closed up, bauds playing and col- 
ors flying, as if we were on a holiday parade. Leaving the 
railroad to our left, we marched at daylight of the 19th in a 
southerly course 011 a very muddy road and rainy day 
towards Milledgeville. We were detained here a few hours 
in the construction of a pontoon bridge across Little River, 
the enemy having destroyed the bridge. 

Here the foraging began in earnest. Through 250 miles 
of our march, the country we traversed was full of provisions 
of all kinds. On every plantation was found great abundance 
of flour, corn, sweet potatoes, yams, vegetables, cattle, hogs, 
poultry, hams, butter, honey, sorghum molasses, jellies, pre- 
serves, pickles, etc. The army was to subsist principally 
upon the products of these plantations, as our wagons hauled 
nothing but sugar, coffee and ammunition. Sherman’s or- 
ders were that the army should forage liberally on the coun- 
try; but the work was to be done properly and systematically. 
For the purpose of gathering these rich products of the plan- 
tations by which the army was fed, a party of foragers, 
known among us as “bummers,” consisting of twenty men, 
under a competent officer, was detailed ever}' morning from 
each Regiment. Two men were generally selected from each 
Company. These would report to field officers at Brigade 
and Corps headquarters, aggregating about 1,000 men. They 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



349 



would now start out from camp ou foot, well armed, two or 
three hours earlier than the main body of troops, deploying 
over the plantations, and moving on lines about six or eight 
miles away from, and parallel to, the roads on which the 
main columns of troops were marching. They would keep 
in supporting distances of each other for fear of capture, 
which usually meant death. In collecting the forage, the 
“bummers” would take possession of the wagons, carts, car- 
riages — whatever vehicles for transportation they could find 
— and load them with edibles, attach to the loaded vehicles 
of any description a mule, horse, cow, ox, or pairs of them, 
as the case might be, and set a darkey on as driver, while each 
“bummer” himself would mount a mule or horse, which he 
would also load down with provisions; and thus equipped, the 
grotesque cavalcade would move to the road on which the 
Regiments were marching, and join the column as it came 
along. The forage was then turned over to the Commissary 
Department of the respective Regiments, and distributed to 
the men. Half the night was then consumed by cooking 
and eating. This was repeated each day and night. This 
process of foraging was generally attended with considerable 
danger. At times the foragers were captured and murdered; 
but there was such a fascination about it, that it was always 
considered a privilege to be detailed for the purpose. 

On the 20th we started at daylight, passing through Shady 
Dale in a beautiful country. During the next two days the 
weather w T as fine, and we made good progress. We encamped 
on a large plantation owned by Howell Cobb, who, prior to 
the war, was a Cabinet officer under President Buchanan, 
and during the war, a General in the Confederate army. 
Here we found an abundance of beans, corn, peanuts, sweet 
potatoes, hams, poultry and sorghum molasses, all of which 
we confiscated, as Sherman had given special orders to spare 
nothing at this place. During our bivouack, we kindled 
immense fires from the dry fence-rails, which brilliantly 
illuminated the vast plantation. We cooked, ate, and warmed 



35° History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

ourselves by these fires far into the chilly night, while the 
numerous negroes, of all sizes and ages, entertained us with 
plantation songs and dances peculiar to the days of slavery, 
which we enjoyed very much. In his Memoirs Sherman 
says: “It was at this very plantation, that a soldier passed 
me with a ham on his musket, a jug of sorghum-molasses 
under his arm, and a big piece of honey in his hand, from 
which he was eating, and, catching my eye, he remarked 
sotto voce and carelessly to a comrade: ‘Forage liberally on 
the country,’ quoting from my general orders. On this 
occasion, as on many others that fell under my personal ob- 
servation, I reproved the man, explained that foraging must 
be limited to the regular parties properly detailed, and that 
all provisions thus obtained must be delivered to the regular 
commissaries, to be fairly distributed to the men who kept 
their ranks.” (Vol, 2, p. 181.) 

On account of the accumulation of mules, negroes and pro- 
visions, as we progressed, there was formed a caravan of pack- 
mules in the rear of every Brigade of the army, and across 
the back of each mule, which was led by a darkey, hung 
hams, chickens, bags of corn meal, camp-kettles, panniers, 
surgeons’ kits, etc., with which the animal was loaded. The 
writer has seen squirrels and roosters on the backs of these 
pack-mules — the latter sometimes crowing lustily. The 
scene was novel and will never be forgotten. 

Starting very early on the morning of the 23d, we marched 
about twelve miles and encamped in the afternoon near 
Milledgeville. The weather was quite cool — freezing the 
ground during the night. The country was rich, and forage 
was plentiful. We remained in camp all day of the 24th, 
and visited the State House, which was a large semi-gothic 
structure, and other public buildings in Milledgeville. It 
was an old, aristocratic town, with beautifully-shaded streets 
and quaint-looking houses. The Penitentiary had been 
burned, and the Arsenal and its contents destroyed by some 
of our own troops, who had preceded 11s. It was Thanks- 
giving Day, and we duly observed it. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 351 

A very unfortunate affair occurred here in the shooting of 
two negresses (half white) by a member of one of the Regi- 
ments of our Brigade, while standing upon the balcony of a 
house viewing our troops marching through the streets. 
The soldier was arrested for the deed and placed under sur- 
veillance at Brigade headquarters in charge of the writer of 
this history. Subsequently it was proven that the shooting 
was purely accidental, and the man was released. 

On our arrival at Milledgeville, Governor Brown and the 
members of the Georgia legislature fled ignominiously in great 
disorder and confusion. We captured Confederate newspap- 
ers here from which we learned how the Southern leaders 
viewed our invasion of Georgia territory. They appealed to 
the citizens of the State to resist us in front, flank and rear — 
to remove or destroy all provisions in our front so that we 
might starve — to apply the torch to all bridges and to place 
obstructions in all roads before us, and to show us no mercy. 
The following appeals, as samples, clipped from some of these 
papers are curious reading now: 

November 18, 1864. 

To the People of Georgia : 

Arise for the defense of your native soil! Rally around your patriotic 
Governor and gallant soldiers! Obstruct and destroy all the roads in Sher- 
man’s front, flank and rear, and his army will soon starve in your midst. 
Be confident. Be resolute. Trust in an overruling Providence, and success 
will soon crown your efforts. I hasten to join you in the defense of your 
homes and firesides. 

G. T. BEAUREGARD. 

Richmond, November 19, 1864. 

To the People of Georgia : 

We have had a special conference with President Davis and the Secretary 
of War, and are able to assure you that they have done, and are still doing, 
all that can be done to meet the emergency that presses upon you. Let 
every man fly to arms! Remove your negroes, horses, cattle and provis- 
ions from Sherman’s army, and burn what you cannot carry. Burn all 
bridges, and block up the toads in his route. Assail the invader in front, 
flank, and rear, by night and by day. Let him have no rest. 

JuiyiAN Hartridge, Mark Beauford, 

J. H. Reynolds Generae n. Lester, 

John T. Shoemaker, Joseph M. Smith, 

Members of Congress. 



352 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

These threats and appeals were more amusing than alarm- 
ing to us, as we read them in the captured Southern papers; 
but our friends at home, from whom we were cut off, were 
greatly distressed and anxious for our safety, of which we did 
not learn, until reaching Savannah. General Grant (Memoirs y 
Vol. 2, p. 366) says: “The Southern papers, in commenting 
upon Sherman’s movements, pictured him as in the most de- 
plorable condition; stating that his men were starving, that 
they were demoralized and wandering about almost without 
object, aiming only to reach the sea-coast and get under the 
protection of our navy. These papers got to the North, and 
had more or less effect upon the minds of the people, causing 
much distress to all loyal persons — particularly to those who 
had husbands, sons or brothers with Sherman. Mr. Lincoln, 
seeing these accounts, had a letter written asking me if I 
could give him anything that he could say to the loyal people 
that would comfort them. I told him there was not the slight- 
est occasion for alarm; that with 60,000 such men as Sherman 
had with him, such a commanding officer as he was could 
not be cut off in the open country. He might possibly be 
prevented from reaching the point he had started out to 
reach, but he would get through somewhere, and would 
finally get to his chosen destination; and even if worst came 
to worst, he could return North. I heard afterwards of Mr. 
Lincoln’s saying to those who would inquire of him as to- 
what he thought about the safety of Sherman’s army, that 
Sherman was all right: ‘Grant says they are safe with such 
a general, and that if they cannot get out where they want 
to, they can crawl back by the hole they went in at.’ ” 

The two Corps — Fourteenth and Twentieth — constituting 
the left wing under Slocum, were now at the capital of the 
State, while the other two Corps, Fifteenth and Seventeenth, 
(right wing) under Howard, were about twelve miles to the 
south-west, on the Macon and Savannah Railroad, at Gordon. 
Howard’s wing had threatened Macon via Jonesboro and 
McDonough, crossing the Ocmulgee River on pontoons at 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



353 



Planter’s Ferry. On the 22d, Howard was attacked by the 
enemy under General Smith, near Macon, in which General 
Walcutt, commanding a Brigade in the Fifteenth Corps, was 
wounded. Smith, being repulsed, retreated to Macon. 

SPECIAL FIELD ORDER NO. 1 27. 

Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field , Milledgeville , Ga ., November 23, 1864. 

The first movement of this army having proved perfectly successful, and 
the weather now being fine, the following will constitute the second stage of 
the campaign, and the movement will commence to-morrow, November 24: 

I. General Kilpatrick, with his cavalry command, unincumbered by 
wagons, will move, via Milledgeville, by the most practicable route east- 
ward, break the railroad betw r een Millen and Augusta, then turn and strike 
the railroad below Millen, after w’hich he will use all possible effort to res“ 
cue our prisoners of w 7 ar now confined near Millen. He will communicate 
back to the wings of ihe army, as often as it is safe, any information of roads 
and the enemy that may be of interest to them. 

II. The right wing. General Howard, will move substantially along, but 
south of the railroad, to a point opposite Sandersville, breaking and destroy- 
ing in the most thorough manner the railroad aud telegraph; at which point 
further orders will be issued. 

III. The left wing, General Slocum, will move directly from Milledgeville 
to the railroad opposite Sandersville, and at once commence destroying the 
railroad forward to the Ogtechee. 

IV. Great attention should be paid to the destruction of this road, as it is 
of vital importance to our cause. Besides burning bridges and trestles, the 
iron should be carefully twisted and warped, so that it wdll be impossible 
ever to use it again; to this end the rate of travel will be reduced to ten miles 
a day. 

************* 

VI. The General-in-Chief will accompany the left wing until it reaches 
Sandersville, when he will join the Army of the Tennessee. 

By order of Major-General W. T. Sherman. 

L. M. DAYTON, 
Aid-de-Camp. 

The second stage of the campaign had Millen for its objec- 
tive, one hundred miles to the southeast, at the junction of 
the Georgia Central and Augusta and-Waynesboio Railroads. 
The two wings of the army proceeded upon parallel roads in 
the direction of this point. The right wing proceeded 



354 History of .the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

along the south side of the Georgia Central and Savannah 
Railroad, while the left wing (ours) inarched along its north 
side, via Sandersville, Davisboro and Louisville. Kilpatrick 
swung around north of us with his Cavalry Division, and 
swooped down suddenly upon Millen, for the purpose of re- 
leasing the National soldiers imprisoned there. 

On the 25th, early in the morning, we crossed the Oconee 
River at Milledgeville, and, passing the First Division of our 
Corps, marched directly east through a piney country about 
twelve miles, encamping near the village of Buffalo. We 
reached Sandersville the next day simultaneously with the 
Twentieth Corps, accompanied by General Sherman. Here 
we encountered a Brigade of Confederate Cavalry, which our 
skirmishers soon brushed away. Resuming our march at 
daylight, on the morning of the 27th, we crossed the West 
Fork of the Ogeechee River on Fenn’s bridge in the afternoon, 
and encamped five miles beyond. The soil was sandy, and 
the marching hard. At daylight on the next day, we moved 
southeast, and, after repairing the bridge on the East Fork 
of the Ogeechee, which the enemy’s Cavalry had burned, we 
crossed over in the afternoon, and marched to the town of 
Louisville. The Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment was sta- 
tioned in the town during the 29th and 30th, as provost 
guards, while the balance of the Brigade encamped a couple 
of miles east of it. We rejoined our Brigade on the 1st of De- 
cember. During this time Kilpatrick’s Cavalry had en- 
countered Wheeler’s Confederate troopers near Waynesboro, 
and, ascertaining that the Union prisoners at Millen had 
been removed elsewhere, Kilpatrick returned to Louisville. 

On the 2d of December, while our wing moved south from 
Louisville for Millen, our Division, General Baird command- 
ing, was detached to accompany Kilpatrick’s Cavalry, as a 
support, against Wheeler’s forces. Kilpatrick forced Wheeler 
back through Waynesboro and beyond Brier Creek, in the di- 
rection of Augusta. In the mean time, our Division fell on 
the Waynesboro and Augusta Railroad, near Lumpkin’s Sta- 
tion, and completely destroyed several miles of it. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



355 



We were now in the eastern part of the State. One Corps 
of Howard’s wing (Seventeenth) was at Milieu, and the other 
(Fifteenth) was south of it, on the Ogeechee River, opposite 
Scarboro. One Corps of Slocum’s wing (Twentieth) was four 
miles north of Millen, at Buckhead, and the other Corps 
(Fourteenth) was on the Waynesboro and Augusta Railroad 
about ten miles north of Millen at Lumpkin’s Station. This 
ended the second stage of the campaign. 

In order to carry out the third stage of our campaign, 
which was the last, it was required that the two wings of the 
army converge upon Savannah — the objective of the entire 
campaign. The army marched upon four roads essentially 
parallel to each other. A Confederate Division of Infantry, 
under McLaws, was in our front, and a Division of Cavalry, 
under Wheeler, in our rear. The former prudently retreated 
to Savannah without much resistance, while Kilpatrick’s 
Cavalry, supported by our Division, attended to the latter. 

Howard’s wing moved on the right of the Ogeechee River, 
with Blair’s Corps following along the railroad. Slocum’s 
wing moved on the left, between the railroad and the Savan- 
nah River. Our Corps, except our Division on the right, ad- 
vanced along the north side of the railroad, and the Twen- 
tieth Corps, on the left, pushed along the bank of the river. 

The progress was slow, owing to several days of continuous 
rains, and marshy country and obstructions of felled trees in 
the roads. 

Our Division, with Kilpatrick’s Cavalry, started on the 
5th, at sunrise, marched about twenty miles through a bar- 
ren, piney country, and bivouacked on the left bank of Brier 
Creek, a few miles from Jacksboro. Here our camps were lit 
up with the fires of the fragrant pine knots, which created a 
most agreeable sensation. On the 6th we marched fourteen 
miles, and moving all day and night, of the 7th, we made 
twenty-four miles. We were marching with the Cavalry, 
which had orders to make a strong feint . towards Waynes- 
boro, and then to cover Slocum’s rear, and prevent its moles- 



356 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

tation by Wheeler. This was done in a continuous rain, with 
Wheeler’s troopers annoying- us from the rear, and obstruc- 
tions of logs and felled trees, which our pioneers were com- 
pelled to remove before we could advance, impeding our 
progress at the front. The soil in Burke and Screven counties, 
through which we were now passing, was poor and unpro- 
ductive. Our foragers found nothing except “nigger peas,” 
peculiar to that section of country, and even they were 
scarce. Our Brigade was in the rear deployed as skirmishers, 
resisting the enemy’s Cavalry. On the 8th, about noon, we 
had quite a severe scrimmage with this force, in which a 
member of the Second Minnesota Regiment — George Boyson 
by name — was mortally wounded. Towards night of the 
same day, our Division marched over Ebenezer Creek, in 
Effingham county, on a pontoon bridge, which our ponton- 
iers had thrown across the creek for the purpose, and our 
Brigade being the rear guard of the Division, was greatly 
pressed by the Confederates, while the pontoniers were tak- 
ing up the bridge. During the next day we marched eight 
miles, hearing occasionally the reverberations of artillery in 
the direction of Savannah. On the 10th, the Seventy-fifth 
Indiana Regiment guarded the wagon train, and with the 
Brigade moved upon the Charleston and Savannah Railroad 
near the river, and destroyed a couple of miles of the road, 
including a trestle bridge. 

The Confederates were now forced within their fortifications 
at Savannah, and we closed in around them. We found the 
soil both marshy and sandy, the country almost depopulated, 
and the rice plantations of the Savannah River and region 
of the Atlantic Coast in abundance. The army now lived 
off of rice. On our approach to the city the enemy destroyed 
most of the rice mills; but our Division saved one of these 
mills, excepting the machinery for hulling. We contrived 
various ways of hulling and cooking the rice. The process 
of hulling generally was by means of rubbing and pounding 
with the bayonet in our tin cups, and with the crude mortars 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



357 



and pestles made by the negroes for the purpose. We ate 
the rice and gave the straw to our mules and horses for pro- 
vender. 

The two wings of our army were now near the main de- 
fenses of the city. The right of our Corps joined the left of 
the Seventeenth at Lawson’s plantation beyond the canal, 
whilst the left of the Twentieth Corps reached to the Savan- 
nah River. Our wing held the Charleston Railroad and the 
Savannah River, while Howard’s wing held the Gulf Railroad 
and the Ogeechee River. In this way, Sherman had control 
of the railroads and rivers forming the main channels of sup- 
plies to the city; but a complete investment was not yet made. 
It was his determination now either to make the investment 
of the city complete, thereby forcing a surrender by starva- 
tion, or take the city by assault. Before concluding which 
method of reduction to pursue, he determined to open com- 
munication with our fleet in Ossabaw Sound. This could 
not be done, however, as long as Fort McAllister, on the 
right bank of the Ogeechee, was in the hands of the enemy 
between us and our fleet. Hence the Fort was ordered to be 
taken by assault, and Hazen’s Division of the Fifteenth Corps 
was selected to do it. The Fort was garrisoned by about 
250 men in command of a Major Anderson. The Fort was 
taken about 5 p. m. of the 13th. About fifty of the Confed- 
erates were killed and wounded, and the balance taken pris- 
oners, including Anderson. General Hazen’s Division lost 
92 in killed and wounded. 

On the 16th our Brigade, under the command of Colonel 
Gleason, went on a foraging expedition with all the wagons 
of the Division. We were out four days. After passing the 
encampment of the Seventeenth Corps, we marched twenty 
miles, in the course of which we crossed the Ogeechee River 
on King’s bridge, about fifteen miles southwest of Savannah. 
This bridge was destroyed by the enemy, but rebuilt by our 
engineers. Starting at daylight on the 17th, we continued 
our march in a southwesterly direction from Savannah along 



35 § History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

the Gulf Railroad, until we reached the vicinity of Hinesville, 
in Liberty county, north of the railroad, where we encamped 
for the night. Here we found an abundance of sweet pota- 
toes (yams), which were preferable to the rice diet upon which 
we had been living. Colonel Gleason divided the Brigade 
here for foraging purposes. On the morning of the 18th he 
sent the Eighty-seventh and One-hundred and first Indiana 
and Second Minnesota, under Lieut. -Col. Bishop, of the last- 
named Regiment, back to camp with a part of the wagons 
loaded with provisions. They arrived on the evening of the 
19th. On their return trip they were shelled by the enemy’s 
Battery from across a flooded rice-field, which made the Bat- 
tery inaccessible to capture. One man, belonging to the 
Second Minnesota, was wounded. Colonel Gleason, in com- 
mand of the Seventy-fifth Indiana and One-hundred and fifth 
Ohio, took the remainder of the wagons and marched south 
of the Gulf Railroad to Riceboro, where we encamped — our 
Regiment bivouacking at Midway Church. We entered upon 
our return march next morning, with our wagons filled with 
forage of a miscellaneous character. 

The writer of this history, with six men, was commanded 
by Colonel Gleason to proceed on the morning of our return 
at 1 o’clock, in advance of our troops, and reach King’s 
bridge by daylight, with orders to prevent all teams coming 
out for forage from crossing to the west side of the bridge, 
until our teams had passed to the east side, as the road on the 
west side was too narrow for wagons to pass each other. The 
writer and his men arrived at the bridge on time, and soon 
became involved in an angry altercation with a Lieutenant- 
Colonel, who undertook to force his teams across the bridge, 
regardless of the writer’s orders. Suffice it to say that the 
Lieutenant-Colonel did not succeed in his undertaking. 

We all reached our camp at Lawson’s plantation, to the 
left of the Seventeenth Corps, in the afternoon of the 20th. 
For forty days we had not heard from loved ones at home 
until now, when an accumulation of letters and provisions 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 359 

awaited us in camp, having been sent to us by transports 
from the fleet lying in Ossabaw Sound. 

I11 the absence of our Brigade to Hinesville and Riceboro 
for forage, General Sherman had demanded of General 
Hardee, who was in command of the Confederate forces at 
Savannah, the surrender of the place, and Hardee had re- 
fused. But during the night of the very day of our return to 
camp, Hardee’s army, of about 10,000 strong, evacuated the 
city, which was immediately occupied by the Twentieth 
Corps. General Sherman sent President Lincoln the follow- 
ing telegram: 

Savannah, Ga., December 22, 1864. 
To His Excellency, President Lincoln, Washington , D. C . 

I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah, with one 
hundred and fifty heavy guns and plenty of ammunition; also about twenty- 
five thousand bales of cotton. 

W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General. 

On the afternoon of the 22d, our Division went into camp 
a short distance northwest of the city on the Louisville road. 
For several days our Brigade encamped here in a field near 
the fortifications of the Confederates in defense of the city. 
The weather was cool and pleasant, and we were all per- 
mitted to visit and explore the city. 

The first object for which soldiers search, when they are 
•given permission, is something to eat; especially so, when 
they have been dieting for a fortnight on rice and sweet pota- 
toes. We soon discovered that the oyster beds below the 
city for some reason had not been disturbed for a long time. 
We went down there with teams and returned loaded with 
several hundred bushels of the delicious bivalves, from which 
we ate our Christmas dinners. 

On the afternoon of the 25th, Major McCole inspected our 
Regiment, and on the next day Colonel Gleason reviewed 
the Brigade. On the 27th, our entire Corps marched through 
the streets of Savannah in review before General Sherman. 

At the time of our occupancy, Savannah was the largest 



360 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

city in the State of Georgia. It was one of the oldest, most 
beautiful and aristocratic towns in all the South. Founded 
by General Oglethorpe, in 1733, it had a population in 1864 
of 25,000. It was built upon a sandy plain, forty feet above 
the sea level, on the west bank of the river by the same 
name, about eighteen miles from its mouth. It was laid out 
into wide streets, which crossed each other at right angles, 
and at their intersections elegant parks were formed. The 
streets were shaded and decorated with three to four rows of 
ornamental trees, between which were carriage ways and 
parks. The houses were set back from the streets with large 
yards in front, ornamented with flowers and evergreens of 
exquisite beauty. The many noticeable public buildings 
were the court house, arsenal, barracks, artillery armory, 
and churches. Two handsome monuments adorned the city 
— one erected in a square to the memory of General Nathaniel 
Greene of Revolutionary fame, and the other to the memory 
of Count Pulaski, on the spot where he was mortally 
wounded, October nth, 1779, while leading an assault 
against the British, who occupied the city at the time. The 
corner-stone of this monument was laid by General Lafayette, 
in 1825, while on a visit to the United States. The Thun- 
derbolt road to Bonaventura, made of oyster shells, was the 
finest the writer ever saw, and the majestic live-oak trees, 
whose long branches were covered with gray moss, hanging 
in graceful festoons, formed a most gorgeous picture. 

The Second Minnesota Regiment, during our encampment 
here, was detached from the Brigade, and sent to the city to 
guard the yard and shops of the Central Railroad. Our Reg- 
iment, with the balance of the Brigade, did regular guard 
and picket duty until January 19th, 1865. 

One of the diversions by which the soldiers broke the 
monotony of the camp with its dull routine of duties, was the 
trial of speed every afternoon of some of the thoroughbreds 
belonging to the army on the race-track below the city. 
Thousands of soldiers every day witnessed these races until 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 361 

some fist-fights occurred, when they were discontinued by 
•order of the commanding general. 

The campaign to Savannah, the object of which was to 
ascertain the strength or weakness of the Southern Confed- 
eracy, and to diminish its resources by the destruction of 
railroads and other property useful in war, was a holiday of 
fun and frolic in comparison with that to Atlanta. There 
was hardly a sign of a battle, except in the assault on Fort 
McAllister, which to veteran soldiers, as we were, was a mere 
recreation. We scarcely fired a round of cartridges to the 
man, except at the enemy’s chickens and pigs. We saw but 
little devastation of war, except the conflagrations of store- 
houses and destruction of railroads. We marched on an 
average of ten miles per day over a country as level as our 
Western prairies, in a sort of go-as-you-please fashion, with 
our guns slung across our shoulders at ease, and lived on the 
fat of the land. In this manner we traveled 300 miles, 60,000 
strong, through the heart of the Confederacy, and lost in 
killed, wounded and missing only 1,338 men. The brilliant 
march, however, is regarded all over the world as the most 
extraordinary and anomalous feat in the history of war. 
It will live to “the last syllable of recorded time,” and be 
made an attractive theme for song and story. 

“Bxcept the failure to capture General Hardee’s army at 
Savannah and release the prisoners at Millen, the march from 
Atlanta to that city was a triumphant success — the full reali- 
zation of all anticipated possibilities. It illustrated with 
fearful emphasis the weakness of the rebellion, for no force 
able to resist one of General Sherman’s thirteen Divisions 
was met on the way. It left a track of desolation forty miles 
wide; broke up the railroad system of Georgia and of the 
South by the destruction of three hundred miles of track, all 
workshops, station-houses, tanks and warehouses; crippled 
the industries of the empire State of the South by burning all 
the mills and factories on the broad belt of ruin, and made 
otherwise a heavy draft upon the resources of the people, in 
24 



362 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



consuming and transporting supplies in immense quantities,, 
and by the destruction of twenty thousand bales of cotton. 
The general significance of these results spread gloom and 
despair over the South. Coupled with the victory at Nash- 
ville, the ‘March to the Sea’ brought near the collapse of the 
rebellion. The death-throes of treason, organized in magni- 
tude most grand, were subsequently in harmony with its pro- 
portions and persistence; but all doubt of its quick destruction 
was now removed.” (Van Horne’s Hist. Vol. 2, p. 288). 

Generae Orders, ) War Dept., Adjt. Generae’s Office, 

No. 3, j Washington , January 14, 1865, 

The following resolution of the Senate and House of Representatives i& 
published to the Army: 

Public Resolution No. 4. — Joint resolution tendering the thanks of the 
people and of Congress to Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and the officers 
and soldiers of his command for their gallant conduct in their late brilliant 
movement through Georgia. 

Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled , That the thanks of the people and 
of the Congress of the United States are due, and are hereby tendered, to 
Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and, through him, to the officers and men 
under his command, for their gallantry and good conduct in their late cam- 
paign from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and the triumphal march thence through. 
Georgia to Savannah, terminating in the capture and occupation of that 
city; and that the President cause a copy of this joint [resolution to be en- 
grossed and forwarded to Major-General Sherman. 

Approved, January 10, 1865. 

By order of the Secretary of War: W. A. NICHOLS, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 

It is a pleasing coincidence, that while the writer is pen- 
ning the closing lines on this chapter (June nth, 1892), the 
morning papers of the same date announce the nomination at 
the National Republican Convention, in Minneapolis, Minn- 
esota, for the second term, of President Benjamin Harrison, 
who, as a Brigadier-General, commanded a Brigade in Sher- 
man’s army; and in the thrilling speech which set the Presi- 
dent’s name before the Convention, as a candidate, Chauncey 
M. Depew, New York’s silver-tongued orator, used these 
words: “The march of Sherman from Atlanta to the sea is- 

the supreme triumph of gallantry and strategy.” 



CHAPTER XV. 



CAMPAIGN THROUGH THU CAROLIN AS FROM SAVANNAH, GA., 
TO GOLDSBORO AND RALEIGH, N. C. — BATTLES OF FAYETTE- 
VILLE, BENTONVILLE, SMITHFIELD, ETC. 

(FROM JANUARY 20TH TO APRIL 27TH, 1 865.) 

Before the occupation of Savannah by General Sherman, 
Grant proposed that, after the capture of the city, Sherman 
should transport his army by sea to Virginia, and join it to 
the Army of the Potomac, for the purpose of crushing Lee’s 
forces, and thus end the war. However, shortly after the 
capitulation of Savannah, this movement was abandoned, and 
in its stead, the overland route, by marching through the 
Carolinas, which Sherman preferred, was adopted. Accord- 
ingly, on December 27th, 1864, General Grant sent an officer 
from his headquarters at City Point, Va., with letters to Gen- 
eral Sherman, in which he said: “ Without waiting further 
directions, then, you may make your preparations to start on 
your northern expedition without delay. Break up the rail- 
roads in South and North Carolina, and join the armies 
operating against Richmond as soon as you can. I will leave 
out all suggestions about the route you should take, knowing 
that your information, gained daily in the course of events, 
will be better than any that can be obtained now.” 

Sherman’s army in the campaign northward from Savan- 
nah was substantially the same that had marched from At- 
lanta to Savannah, and the march through the Carolinas was 
properly the continuation of that through Georgia. The two 
wings — right and left — were commanded respectively by 
Generals Howard and Slocum. Howard’s was composed of 
the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps, under Generals Logan 

( 3d3 ) 



364 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

and Blair, and Slocum’s embraced the Fourteenth and Twen- 
tieth Corps, commanded by Generals Davis and Williams. 
The Cavalry Division was in command of General Kilpatrick. 

The strength of the entire army at this time was estimated 
at 60,079 men j and 68 cannon. We had 2500 wagons, each 
of which was drawn by a team of six mules, and 600 ambu- 
lances, to each of which were attached two horses. The wag- 
ons were loaded with an ample supply of ammunition for a 
great battle; forage for seven days; and provisions, consisting 
of crackers, sugar, coffee, and salt, for twenty days. For our 
meats, we were to depend largely upon beeves driven on the 
hoof, and cattle, hogs and poultry gathered along our line of 
march. 

O11 the receipt of Grant’s letter, above referred to, which 
did not reach him until January 2d, 1865, authorizing him to 
move his entire army north by land, Sherman began at once 
to make preparations for the campaign. To this end, he de- 
termined to rendezvous the two wings at Pocotaligo and 
Hardeeville in Beaufort District, South Carolina, along the 
Charleston and Savannah Railroad, as starting points in the 
movement. The right wing (Howard’s) was to occupy Poco- 
taligo, and the left (Slocum’s) Hardeeville. By the 10th of 
January, Howard, with the Seventeenth Corps leading, began 
the march of twenty-five miles for Pocotaligo, crossing Beau- 
fort Island on pontoons by the 14th, and during the next day 
(Sunday) took possession of the abandoned fort at Pocotaligo 
with the loss of two officers and eight men. This movement 
was also to be a feint on Charleston, so that the enemy would 
be deceived as to our army’s real objective. 

Our wing (Slocum’s) was to cross the river at Savannah, 
pontoons having been thrown across, and the Union Cause- 
way repaired for the purpose; but the incessant rains filled 
the river to overflowing, washing away our pontoon bridge 
and submerging the Causeway, so that we could not effect a 
crossing without moving farther up the river. Two Divis- 
ions of the Twentieth Corps, (Ward’s and Jackson’s) were 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 



365 



ferried accross at Purysburg on the 19th, and communicated 
with the right wing at Pocotaligo. Our Corps (Four- 
teenth) and the other Division (Geary’s) of the Twentieth 
Corps, moved forty miles farther up the river to Sister’s 
Ferry, where, during the first week of February, we suc- 
ceeded in finding a crossing. The troops that were left in 
Savannah for garrison duty consisted of Grover’s Division of 
the Nineteenth Corps. 

On Friday morning, January 20th, 1865, at 6 o’clock, our 
Division broke camp near Savannah and moved northward 
along the Savannah and Augusta wagon road for Sister’s 
Ferry.* On the first day’s march for the Ferry, we reached 
Cherokee Hill, eight miles distant from Savannah, and en- 
camped for four days. The rains continued to fall, filling 
the low lands of the rice fields with water. The Seventy- 
fifth Indiana Regiment moved down to the river at this 
point, and took up quarters in the negro shanties of a large 
rice plantation, owned by a man whose name was Potter. 
Here the members of the Regiment had a jolly time, “trip- 
ping the light fantastic” in a stag-dance by night, and boat- 
ing on the river by day. O11 the 24th, we moved out of the 
shanties, where we were so comfortably quartered, and join- 
ing our Brigade on the 25th, took up the line of march. The 
Confederates blocked up the roads by felling trees, which 
made our progress slow. We encamped at a large lumber 
yard, where great piles of sawed lumber were burned, and, 
on the 26th, after clearing the road of debris , we marched to 
Springfield, a beautiful little country town of Effingham 
county, and encamped. On the afternoon of the 27th, we 
passed through the streets of Springfield, encamping two 
miles beyond, and, on the 28th, crossed the Ebenezer Creek, 
and marched to the river, encamping near Sister’s Ferry. We 
remained here until February 5th, awaiting the construction 

* Just nine years afterwards, the writer revisited the city of Savannah, on 
the occasion of the sudden death (January 14th, 1874,) of his uncle, the Rev. 
Daniel H. Bittle, D. D., at the time pastor of the Lutheran jJChurch there. 



366 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

of a pontoon bridge across the river, and of a corduroy road 
in South Carolina, opposite the Ferry. A detail of men from 
our Regiment, under Captain Isaac N. McMillen of A Com- 
pany, was sent over the river in canvas boats, on the 30th, 
to assist in the construction of the road. While encamped 
near the Ferry, Colonel Gleason occupied a commodious house 
with a high porch in front. The headquarter-guards, in 
charge of the writer, encamped in the side yard, and the 
Brigade had nice, clean camps in the surrounding fields. The 
writer has long since forgotten the name of the man who 
owned this fine property, but his memory, during all these 
years, retains the name and appearance of the man’s niece — 
Miss Rahn — from Savannah, who was there at the time on a 
visit. The Thirty-ninth Indiana Regiment (Eighth Cavalry) 
under Kilpatrick, with many of whose members we were ac- 
quainted, was encamped near us. 

On Sunday, February 5th, about noon, we left our encamp- 
ment at Sister’s Ferry, and moved across the Savannah River 
on a pontoon bridge into Beaufort District, South Carolina, 
and marched about three miles from the bridge, where we 
encamped during the next day, while the bridge was being 
taken up and the road opened for the army to advance. 

The campaign, upon which Sherman’s army was now 
ready to enter, involved a combination of strategic move- 
ments of the widest range. Fragments of Confederate armies, 
under Bragg, Beauregard and Hardee, with Hampton’s and 
Wheeler’s Cavalry, were concentrating to oppose us. The 
swollen rivers and bottom lands, resembling lakes of slimy 
mud by the continuous rains, encouraged the enemy to hope 
that our invasion of the Carolinas would be defeated. “ But 
though the obstacles were almost insurmountable, General 
Sherman- s victorious troops did not hesitate to make cause- 
ways in the deep, cold waters for miles, nor to make roads 
through the swamps of South Carolina in midwinter, and 
make a march not inferior to the celebrated passage of the 
Alps, except in low lines of advance.” (Hist. Army of 
Cumberland, Vol. 2, p. 308.) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 367 

Our first objective was Columbia, S. C. The right wing 
(Howard’s) was ordered to move from Pocotaligo, crossing 
the Big Salkehatchie River at Beaufort’s and River’s bridges, 
and threaten Charleston, and the left wing (Slocum’s), with 
the Cavalry, was ordered to move upon Barnwell and threaten 
Augusta. Sherman accompanied the right wing. These 
movements threw the enemy into great confusion, and spread 
alarm far and near. The Southerners did not suspect Colum- 
bia as our objective, and they left it almost entirely uncov- 
ered. This clever stroke was the cause of the evacuation of 
Charleston. The right wing moved upon the Orangeburg 
road, crossing the South Edisto at Binnaker’s and Holman’s 
bridges, and on arriving at Orangeburg, marched directly 
north on the road to Columbia, which was reached in the 
course of ten days, without much resistance. Our wing, 
moving via Barnwell and Lexington Court Houses, destroyed 
many miles of railroad between Charleston and Augusta; and 
at the time the right wing entered Columbia, we arrived at 
the Saluda River, above the city. 

Our Division advanced under great difficulties through the 
swamps of South Carolina. A detail of men from the Regi- 
ment was required almost every day for pioneer duty. On 
the 7th, we marched through the towns of Robertsville and 
Brighton, both of which had been burned by our troops on 
the previous day. We moved northward for a couple of days 
along the Augusta wagon road, in the course of which, for 
miles on either side of us, we could see the bright fires and 
black smoke of burning and smouldering buildings. On the 
10th, we left the Augusta road, and turning to the right, 
crossed the Big Salkehatchie River, and about 4 p. m., en- 
tered Barnwell C. H. Our Regiment and Brigade were in 
advance of the Corps, and the Second Minnesota was detailed 
to garrison the town and prevent its destruction. It was 
burned, however, by other troops that followed us. While 
at Barnwell, our Regiment encamped in the yard of the resi- 
dence of Ex-Congressman Aldrich. About noon of the nth, 



3 68 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 



we moved out the Williston road, and struck the Augusta 
and Charleston Railroad east of Augusta, twenty-four miles, at 
i p. m., on the next day, after having marched fifteen miles. 
In a few days, we tore up several miles of this road. At this 
point our Division formed the rear-guard of the Corps, and 
took charge of the trains. When the South Edisto River was 
reached, we encamped at Davis’ Mill, and compelled the 
miller to grind us a grist. On the 14th, we crossed this river 
on a bridge, which we afterwards burned, and marched a 
distance of sixteen miles to the North Edisto, where we were 
detained several hours, until our wagon trains, which we 
were guarding, had gotten across. At 10 a. m., on the 16th, 
we reached Lexington C. H., having marched fifteen miles 
and crossed the Congaree Creek at Clark’s Mill. We were 
now encamped within seven miles of Columbia, and only a 
mile from the Saluda River. While our pontoniers were lay- 
ing a bridge across this broad, muddy and swift stream, we 
could hear reverberations of the Batteries of Howard’s wing, 
in shelling the city of Columbia. On the 17th, we were de- 
tained nearly all day by our Corps trains in crossing the 
river. About noon of this day, the Fifteenth Corps of the 
right wing entered Columbia. Thus the first stage of the 
campaign was completed. 

Our second objective was Fayetteville, North Carolina. 
Accordingly, the General-in-Chief ordered Slocum to resume 
the northward march of his wing (ours) via Alston toWinns- 
boro, threatening Charlotte, N. C. On this inarch, Slocum 
was to destroy the Spartansburg Railroad above and below 
Alston. Howard was ordered to move his wing of the army 
on the direct road to Winnsboro, and destroy the Charlotte 
Railroad between Columbia and Winnsboro. Sherman 
thereby created the impression upon the enemy, that he in- 
tended to strike Charlotte, when he was actually heading his 
army for Fayetteville. Hence, the two wings of the army 
converged upon Winnsboro. Slocum moved out on the 
17th, and Howard, accompanied by Sherman, left Columbia 
on the 20th. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 369 

Our old antagonist, General Joseph E. Johnston, was now 
placed in command of all available Confederate forces in re- 
sisting our progress. His army, however, was composed of 
fragmentary troops only, whose morale harmonized with the 
feeble cause that they represented. There was no possibility 
of success to the Confederate arms, unless Johnston could 
fall upon an isolated Corps, which was done, but without ac- 
complishing the end in view. 

O11 the 17th at sundown, we marched across the swaying 
pontoon bridge, spanning the Saluda, and continued our ad- 
vance until midnight. The wind was blowing a terrible gale 
during the night, and every combustible material seemed to 
be on fire. Woods, trees, fences, buildings and stacks of 
straw were in a blaze. As many as eighty squares in the 
city of Columbia were consumed by a conflagration, concern- 
ing whose origin there is a controversy to this day. The 
Rev. Dr. John Bachman, a learned Lutheran divine, of 
Charleston, removed his valuable library to Columbia for 
safety — thinking, as every other Southerner thought, that we 
were going to Charleston — and it was consumed in this fire. 

We resumed our march for Winnsboro on the 18th, which 
was very slow and tedious. For several miles we were 
obliged to corduroy the roads and assist our wagon trains out 
of the mud. At night we bivouacked on the banks of the 
Broad River, and there awaited the completion of our pon- 
toons being thrown across this wide and swift stream. On 
Sunday, the 19th, about 10 a. m., we moved over the river 
on our pontoons, and marched to Alston, at the junction of 
two railroads. Here we destroyed several miles of the track 
and burned a train of cars and the depot. The country was 
fine and very productive, having abundance of forage. The 
large country mansions were all burned. O11 the 20th we 
marched several miles to the northeast, reaching Monticello 
at noon, which was destroyed. On the 21st, moving east- 
ward and crossing a tributary of the Broad River, at Kin- 
caid’s bridge, we arrived at| Winnsboro, encamping north of 



370 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

the town, on the Chester road. The foragers of our Regi- 
ment made “a raid” upon the plantation of a Confederate 
officer at this place, and secured abundance of provisions. 

From this place, the two wings of the army moved again 
upon divergent lines. The left moved north as far as Black- 
stocks, then, turning east, crossed the Wateree (Catawba) 
River, and proceeded to Sneedsboro. The Cavalry made a 
demonstration still farther north in the direction of Charlotte, 
when it turned to the right for Sneedsboro. The right 
wing at the same time advanced from Winnsboro in a north- 
easterly direction, as far as Cheraw, arriving in the town on 
March 2d. Crossing the Great Pedee River at Sneedsboro 
and Cheraw, both wings now converged upon Fayetteville. 

O11 the morning of the 22d our Brigade took the lead, and 
the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment led the Brigade north- 
ward along the Charlotte and Columbia Railroad to Yongues- 
ville, where we tackled the road, destroying it for several 
miles. The First Division of our Corps continued its de- 
struction beyond Blackstocks. On the next morning our 
Brigade was placed in the rear, and we took the road at 7 
o’clock, advancing eastward fourteen miles to Rocky Mount, 
on the Wateree (Catawba) River.* The country was hilly, 
and the soil red. For a few days we encamped here, a couple 
of miles from the river, in the rain and mud, while our pon- 
toniers were laying and repairing the bridge. By reason of 
the continuous rains, almost without a parallel, the river was 
full and its current swift and swirling. It was so very wide, 
that our bridge equipage was insufficient to span it, and the 
army wagon-beds were brought into requisition for pontoon 
boats. When the bridge was first completed the floating 
drift-wood broke it. The Twentieth Corps had succeeded in 
getting across before this happened. After the bridge was 
re-constructed, a crew of soldiers were placed in skiffs above, 
to intercept the drift-wood, as it floated down, and tow r it to 
the banks. Our Brigade being in the rear of the Corps, and 
our Regiment in the rear of the Brigade, we were the last 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 371 

troops to cross. We were called out at 10 o’clock on the 
night of the 27th, in a relentless rain, and wading knee deep 
in mud and water, were all night in crossing, and assisting 
the wagon trains. Through the windows of some of the farm 
houses on the hill shone a bright, warm light, and a roar- 
ing log fire on the open hearth, which cracked and spluttered 
a thousand welcomes, but not for us. Colonel Judson W. 
Bishop, of the Second Minnesota, describes the passage of 
the river by his Regiment in this way: “We lighted our 

precarious way with pine torches, as we moved down the 
narrow, winding, bottomless road to the west bank, and gin- 
gerly walked over the slender, swaying chain of canvas boats, 
and then up the slippery hill on the eastern shore, where we 
halted and waited for daylight.” (The Story of a Regiment, 
p. 174.) During the entire day of the 28th we helped to roll 
the wagons over the hills, advancing only two miles. After 
we had made the crossing, a few Confederates appeared along 
the bank of the side which we had just left, and our Regi- 
ment was deployed for a fight, but on exchanging a few shots 
with them, they disappeared. 

During five consecutive days, from Wednesday, March 1st, 
to Sunday, the 5th, in a continuous rain, over almost im- 
passable roads, every mile of which had to be corduroyed with 
fence rails and saplings, with scarcely anything to eat, and 
Confederate Cavalry hanging on our flanks, we marched on 
an average of fifteen miles per day from the Wateree (Catawba) 
to the Great Pedee (Yadkin) River. In the course of this 
march, we bivouacked in the vicinity of the battle-ground, 
where, in 1780, General Sumter, of South Carolina, was 
routed with considerable loss by the British, under General 
Tarleton; passed through the towns of Hanging Rock and 
White Hickory, and over the two forks of Lynch’s Creek into 
Anson county, N. C. 

Our advance through the State of South Carolina was ac- 
companied by the fire and smoke, not of battle, but of the 
torch. The fine residences, cotton-gins, mills, factories, 



372 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



arsenals at Columbia and Cheraw, and many towns and vil- 
lages, were destroyed. The utter demolition of the railroad 
system of the State was effected. The track of desolation was 
complete. In a letter to General Halleck, dated at Savannah, 
December 24th, 1864, General Sherman says: 

“The truth is, the whole army is burning with an insatiable desire to 
wreak vengeance upon South Carolina. I almost tremble at her fate, but 
feel that she deserves all that is in store for her. Man}'- and many a person 
in Georgia asked me why we did not go to South Carolina; and when I an- 
swered that I was en route for that State, the invariable reply was: ‘Well, if 
you make those people feel the severities of war, we will pardon you for 
your desolation of Georgia. ’ ’ ’ 

And in a letter to General Grant from Pocotaligo, January 
29th, 1865, he says: 

“Of course, the enemy will carry off and destroy some forage, but I will 
burn the houses where the people burn their forage, and they will get tired 
of it.” 

After passing through the State, and on reaching Fayette- 
ville, N. C. , Sherman wrote to General Terry: 

“The people of South Carolina, instead of feeding Lee’s army, will now 
call on Lee to feed them.” 

In the History of the Army of the Cumberland, Volume 2, 
page 312, the author says: 

“The march through South Carolina had left *a track of desolation more 
than forty miles wide. That State’s special guilt in taking the initiative in 
secession was assumed by officers and men as the justification of its devasta- 
tion. As many of the Southern people, who were originally opposed to se- 
cession, blamed South Carolina for precipitating the movement, and, having 
themselves experienced the terrible retributions of the war which resulted, 
desired that South Carolina should feel war’s heavy hand before peace 
should come, it was not strange that the National troops, in marching 
through the State which originally suggested secession and studiously en- 
deavored to induce the Southern States to withdraw from the Union, should 
leave behind them the fearful evidences of vengeance achieved. But it is 
easier for the veterans of the war to find justification for sweeping desolation 
in their own feelings, than it is for others to find grounds for its historical 
vindication.” 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



373 



The above quotations are inserted here to justify the course 
pursued by the rank and file of our army in South Carolina. 
We were not a horde of Vandals, but one of the very finest 
types of a disciplined army, composed of intelligent American 
citizens, volunteered to suppress the rebellion, in obedience 
to orders. The responsibility of the devastation of the State 
of South Carolina does not rest upon us. 

We lay in camp all day of the 6th, awaiting the completion 
of the pontoon bridge across the Great Pedee. The river at 
this point — near Sneedsboro — was three hundred yards wide, 
and required forty-five canvas boats to span it. The bridge 
was ready for the mobilization of the army by the 7th, and at 
1 p. m. of that day we moved across the river and took up 
the line of march from Sneedsboro to Fayetteville — a distance 
of about seventy-five miles — crossing the Little Pedee on a 
wagon bridge en route , and arriving in Fayetteville on the 
nth at 11 o’clock a. m. The march was uneventful, except 
that we traversed forty-six miles of the distance on the 8th 
and 9th in a fearful rain storm, which incessantly poured 
down night and day. We encamped within twelve miles of 
the city at 10 o’clock at night — wet, tired and hungry. 

The Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment led the entire army in 
the advance upon Fayetteville, and were the first organized 
National troops to enter the place. The Confederates, who 
held the town, were under Generals Hardee and Hampton. 
When the eighth mile-post was reached, on the morning of 
the nth, our Regiment, commanded by Major C. J. McCole, 
was deployed in line of battle. Five Companies (A, F, D, I 
and E), under the command of Captain Mahlon H. Floyd, 
were sent forward as skirmishers. In this order, an hour 
before noon, our Regiment drove the rear-guard of the re- 
treating Confederates out of the town, and our Brigade was 
assigned to the provost duty therein for this achievement. 
On February 4th, 1891, Captain Floyd wrote of this affair: 
u When Fayetteville, N. C., was reached, our Regiment was 
in advance of Sherman’s army. As senior Captain, I was 



374 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

given five Companies, A, F, D, I and B, to deploy as skir- 
mishers. We drove everything through the town. The 




75TH INDIANA DRIVING CONFEDERATES OUT OF FAYETTEVIEEE, N. C. 



Regiment followed closely. We were the first organized 
troops in the town. This movement was made in good style, 
under the eyes of Generals Slocum and Baird, who were pres- 
ent when I started. For this achievement our Brigade was 
given the provost duty to perform during the four days that 
we occupied the place. I had command of half of the town, 
and Lieut. -Col. Perkins, of the One-hundred and fifth Ohio, 
the other half. I had twelve Companies, selected from the 
different Regiments of the Brigade, in the performance of 
this duty.” 

This was the termination of the second stage of the cam- 
paign. 

We spent four days of quietude and rest here, which we 
greatly needed, for we had just closed two stages of as labori- 
ous campaigning, for a period of six weeks, as ever falls to 
the lot of soldiers. In a letter from this place to General 
Grant, General Sherman says: 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



375 



“The army is in splendid health, condition and spirits, though we have 
had foul weather and roads that would have stopped travel to almost any 
body of men I ever heard of.” 

We opened communications here with General Terry, com- 
manding our forces at. Wilmington, a hundred miles to the 
south of us, through the Cape Fear River, who supplied us 
by steamboats with provisions, mail and clothing. 

Fayetteville is located on the west bank of the Cape Fear, 
and at the time of our occupation, was one of the largest 
towns in the State, having a population of about 10,000. It 
was surrounded with immense pine forests, which furnished 
for its markets great quantities of lumber, tar and turpentine. 
Several distilleries for the extraction of turpentine were in 
operation. The old United States Arsenal, covering fifty 
acres of ground, which had been enlarged and filled with 
ordnance-stores for use of the Confederacy, we utterly de- 
stroyed by blowing it up with powder, and knocking down 
its walls with improvised battering-rams. Some bold and 
rash soldiers, unauthorized, set fire to an old building in the 
town, and the flames spread to immense proportions, con- 
suming a whole block, together with the house in which 
General Baird had his headquarters. One of the sentinels of 
our Brigade, guarding the commissary stores, shot and killed 
the Sergeant-Major of a Regiment belonging to the Twen- 
tieth Corps, who was caught committing a misdemeanor and 
refused to desist. 

Immediately upon our arrival the pontoniers were set to 
work in the construction of bridges over the river for the 
army to cross. One of them was laid in sight of the old 
bridge which Wade Hampton’s men had burnt, and the other 
was built four miles below. O11 completion of the bridges 
the entire army crossed the river during the 13th and 14th, 
except our Division (Baird’s), which remained on duty in 
town as rear guards until a thorough demolition of the Ar- 
senal should be made. 

Goldsboro — sixty miles northeast of Fayetteville — was the 



376 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

third objective of the campaign. Howard’s wing advanced 
on the right and Slocum’s on the left. The Seventeenth 
Corps of the former was on the extreme right, and the 
Twentieth Corps of the latter on the extreme left, while the 
Fifteenth and Fourteenth Corps formed the right and left 
centres of their respective wings. 

Four Divisions of each wing marched unencumbered by 
the wagon trains, which moved farther to the right under 
the heavy guard of the remaining Divisions. The Cavalry 
acted in close conjunction with the left flank. General Sher- 
man accompanied our wing. On Wednesday, 15th, in this 
order, the mobilization of the army began. On the same 
day our Division moved across the river and encamped five 
miles beyond on the Raleigh road. At midnight of this day, 
the guards of our Brigade, composed of three Companies from 
each Regiment, commanded by Captain Floyd of our Regi- 
ment, withdrew from duty as sentinels in the town, and 
marched across the bridge. These were the last soldiers of 
Sherman’s army to cross the river. The Companies from 
our Regiment were A, F, and I. As we had the advance of 
the Corps from the Great Pedee to Fayetteville, ours was one 
of the Divisions placed in charge of trains. 

In the evening of the first day’s march, our Cavalry (Kil- 
patrick’s) overtook the rear guard of Hardee’s Confederate 
forces, under Colonel Albert Rhett, and after a brief, but 
spirited fight, succeeded in capturing Rhett and several of his 
guard. On the next day (16th) the battle of Averysboro was 
fought, in which the enemy was greatly discomfited. The 
Federal forces engaged were all from the left wing (Slocum’s), 
consisting of the four unencumbered Divisions; Jackson’s 
and Ward’s of the Twentieth Corps (Williams’) formed the 
right; and Carlin’s and Morgan’s of the Fourteenth Corps 
(Davis’) the left. The Confederates were under McLaw and 
Hardee. In the engagement our side lost in killed and 
wounded, 554; and the enemy lost in killed and captured, 
325, including a Battery of three guns. The number of his 



oj Indiana Infantry Volunteers . 377 

wounded could not be ascertained. All our wounded had to 
be carried along in ambulances with us. 

After the battle of Averysboro, General Sherman, suppos- 
ing that the enemy had withdrawn to Smithfield, and * that 
the Goldsboro road was entirely free from the enemy’s Infan- 
try, gave orders for the columns of both wings to move upon 
Goldsboro. Sherman was so confident of Johnston’s retreat, 
that he hurriedly headed Howard’s wing for Goldsboro for 
the purpose of opening communications, as soon as possible, 
with Generals Terry and Schofield at Wilmington and New- 
bern. Sherman himself, who, up to this time, was with our 
wing, left it to join Howard’s. For once Sherman made a 
mistake, which he frankly acknowledged. By a clever 
strategic movement, Johnston, unobserved, collected the 
scattered fragments of all the Confederate forces in that part 
of the country and massed them in front of the Fourteenth 
Corps. His plan was to crush the two Corps of our wing by 
detail; but it was a failnre by reason of a lack of concert of 
action on the part of his subordinates, and of the stubborn re- 
sistance of the Fourteenth Corps, until reinforcements could 
reach the field. This was the battle of Bentonville, and it 
opened on the 19th, when Carlin’s Division of our Corps, 
which was in the lead, wheeled into the road to advance upon 
Goldsboro. The heaviest fighting was 011 this day and by 
this Division; but when the rest of the Corps quickly moved 
forward into line and became engaged, and the Twentieth 
Corps took position on the left, and some of Howard’s wing 
returned, Johnston was defeated. At 6 o’clock on the morn- 
ing of the 20th, the First and Second (ours) Brigades of Baird’s 
Division (the Third Brigade remaining with the wagon 
train) moved to the front and arrived on the field at 9.30 a. 
m. We took position in line of battle on the left of our 
Corps, with our Brigade on the extreme left. We here re- 
ceived orders to press the enemy. We kept up a brisk skir- 
mish fire, and then lay, for a considerable time, under the 
enemy’s batteries. Two men in the Second Minnesota were 

25 



378 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

wounded. By 4 o’clock in the evening, reinforcements from 
Howard’s wing reached 11s, and then we had a heavy line 
confronting the enemy. Johnston, who had a miscellaneous 
army* collected from Generals Bragg, Hardee, Hoke, S. D. 
Bee and Cheatham, made a safe retreat, as he usually did. 
The casualties of the battle were in Sherman’s army: 



Command. 


Killed, 


Wounded. 


Captured. 


Aggregate. 


1 eft Wing (Slocum’s) . . 


154 


816 


223 


1193 


Right Wing (Howard’s) 


37 


301 


70 


408 


Total Ross 


191 


1117 


293 


1601 



Johnston gives his losses as follows: 



Date. 


Killed. 


Wounded. 


Missing. 


Aggregate. 


On the 19th . 


180 


1220 


5i5 


1915 


( ’n the 20th 


6 


90 


3^ 


127 


On the 21st .... 


37 


157 


107 


3 °t 


Total Loss 


223 


1467 


653 


2343 



O11 the 2 1st, we lay on the battlefield, witnessing the 
ghastly sight of the killed, and in the afternoon of the 22d, 
we resumed our march for Goldsboro. Following the Twen- 
tieth Corps, and passing the Fifteenth, we encamped near the 
Tenth and Twenty-third Corps, under Generals Terry and 
Schofield, which had come up from Wilmington and New- 
bern. These troops, in their bright uniforms and with their 
ample supplies of camp equipage, contrasted strangely with 
Sherman’s veterans, in their tattered and ragged clothing,. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



37 9 



and with their bronzed and tar-and-smoke-begrimed faces. 
Some of our men wore a boot on one foot and a shoe on the 
other, trousers with one leg of blue and the other of gray ma- 
terial; others wore caps, wool and straw hats. The habili- 
ments of the writer, at this time, consisted in butternut 
trousers and a plug hat confiscated from a negro-cabin, and 
a linen shirt from a clothes-line in the yard of a farm house. 
Doubtless we were the most ragged soldiers in the United 
States Army. On the 23d, we moved across the Neuse 
River on a pontoon bridge and entered Goldsboro in review, 
in the presence of Generals Sherman, Slocum, Howard, Scho- 
field, Terry and others. The troops marched well, in good 
style and spirits. In his “Ohio in the War,” the Hon. 
Whitelaw Reid says: 

“After a lapse of sixty-three days, this great campaign was closed by an 
informal review of the troops as they came into town, passing before Gen- 
erals Sherman and Schofield, and the familiar faces of the Twenty-third 
Corps. The difference between this and the subsequent Washington review 
was very marked. Here was seen the army as it appeared in the field. 
Fully 25 per cent, of the men were barefooted ; they were ragged and dirty ; 
many in citizens’ dress and some in rebel uniform. That at Washington 
may have dazzled by its pomp and precision of movements, but it was tame 
compared to that at Goldsboro.” 

Concerning the campaign from Savannah to Goldsboro, 
General Sherman says: 

“ Thus was concluded one of the longest and most important marches ever 
made by an organized army in a civilized country. The distance from 
Savannah to Goldsboro is four hundred and twenty -five miles, and the route 
traversed embraced five large navigable rivers, viz., the Edisto, Broad, 
Catawba, Pedee and Cape Fear, at either of which a comparatively small 
force, well handled, should have made the passage most difficult, if not im- 
possible. The country generally was in a state of nature, with innumerable 
swamps, with simply mud roads, nearly every mile of which had to be cor- 
duroyed. In our route we had captured Columbia, Cheraw and Fayette- 
ville, important cities and depots of supplies, had compelled the evacuation 
of Charleston City and Harbor, had utterly broken up all the railroads or 
South Carolina, and had consumed a vast amount of food and forage, essen- 
tial to the enejny for the support of his own armies. We had in mid-winter 



380 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

accomplished the whole journey of four hundred and twenty-five miles in 
fifty days, averaging ten miles per day, allowing ten lay-days, and had 
reached Goldsboro with the army in superb order, and the trains almost as 
fresh as when we had started from Atlanta.” (Memoirs, Vol. 2, p. 306.) 

The entire army was encamped here until April 10th. 
Our Division, being on the left, was the nearest to the town. 
On the 31st of March our Corps was formed in a hollow 
square, facing inward, to witness the unpleasant ceremony of 
the military execution of a soldier belonging to the Corps. 
He was shot under an oak tree in a large field, for the crime 
of rape. 

While encamped here four Companies of the Seventy-fifth 
Indiana Regiment, in command of Captain Thomas A. Ellis 
of B Company, were sent out a few miles north of Goldsboro 
to operate a grist-mill for the benefit of the army. Corporal 
John P. Wagaman and James Norman of B Company ran the 
mill. Before this force returned to camp, they had a fight 
with a squad of Confederates who appeared on the opposite 
side of the mill-dam. With the aid of some of the members 
of the Second Minnesota Regiment, who were out of camp on 
the same errand, Captain Ellis drove the Confederates away, 
a few of whom were killed and wounded. Major George W. 
Steele of the One-hundred and first Indiana Regiment, in 
command of a party of foragers, on hearing the firing, came 
also to their assistance, but the affair was over before the 
Major’s arrival. 

Lieutenant-Colonel William O’Brien, who was absent from 
the Regiment since July 20th, 1864, on account of a severe 
wound received at the battle of Peach Tree Creek; and C 
Company, in command of Captain Irwin Poison, which was 
on detached service since the beginning of the Atlanta cam- 
paign, and several others, returned to the Regiment at this 
place. 

As previously stated, the Corps under Generals Schofield 
and Terry effected a junction here with our army. All these 
troops were placed under command of Sherman, and some 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 381 

changes in commanders and organizations were made. The 
army was now divided into three parts — right and left wings 
and centre. The right wing was retained as the “ Army of 
the Tennessee” under command of General Howard, with 
his two Corps, Fifteenth and Seventeenth, commanded by 
Generals Logan and Blair; the left wing constituting the 
Fourteenth and Twentieth Corps of the Army of the Cumber- 
land under Generals Jeff. C. Davis and Joseph A. Mower 
(General A. S. Williams being relieved of command of the 
Twentieth Corps and put in command of the First Division 
of it) was now made a distinct army entitled the “ Army of 
Georgia” under command of General Slocum; and the 
centre, embracing the Tenth and Twenty-third Corps, under 
Generals J. D. Cox and A. H. Terry, constituting the 
“ Army of the Ohio,” was under General Schofield. The 
Cavalry was still under General Kilpatrick. Some changes 
in the commanders of the Brigades in the Third Division 
(Baird’s) of the Fourteenth Corps occurred. The First and 
Third Brigades were now in command of Colonel Morton C. 
Hunter and Brigadier-General George S. Greene, the Second 
Brigade (ours) was temporarily commanded by Lieutenant 
Colonel Thomas Doan of the One-hundred and first Indiana 
Regiment, in the absence of Colonel Gleason. 

During our encampment around Goldsboro for rest and 
equipments, General Sherman went to City Point, Virginia, 
to confer with General Grant, and the result of their confer- 
ence was, that Sherman’s army should join Grant’s, when 
they would unitedly fall upon Lee’s army, annihilate it, and 
end the war. It was the opinion of these two great leaders, 
that the army of one or both would have a bloody battle yet 
to fight. The repairs to the railroads from Wilmington and 
Newbern to Goldsboro having been completed, the supplies 
for the army being rapidly accumulated, General Sherman, 
on his return from City Point, immediately issued the follow- 
ing Special Field Order for the mobilization of his army for 
Monday, April 10th. 



382 



History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 



Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field , Goldsboro , North Carolina , April 5, 1865. 
Confidential to Army Commanders , Corps Commanders and Chiefs of Staff, 

Departments : 

The next grand objective is to place this army (with its full equipment) 
north of Roanoke River, facing west, with a base for supplies at Norfolk, 
and at Winton or Murfreesboro, on the Chowan, and in full communication 
with the Army of the Potomac, about Petersburg; and also to do the enemy 
as much harm as possible en route: 

To accomplish this result the following general plan will be followed, or 
modified only by written orders from these headquarters, should events re- 
quire a change. 

1. The left wing (Major-General Slocum commanding) will aim straight 
for the railroad-bridge near Smithfield; thence along up the Neuse River to 
the railroad bridge over Neuse River, northeast of Raleigh (Powell’s) thence 
to Warrenton, the general point of concentration. 

2. The centre (Major-General Schofield commanding) will move to Whit- 
ley’s Mill, ready to support the left until it is past Smithfield, when it will 
follow up (substantially) Tittle River to about Rolesville, ready at all times 
to move to the support of the left; after passing Tar River to move to War- 
renton. 

3 The right wing (Major-General Howard commanding) preceded by the 
cavalry, will move rapidly on Pikeville and Nahuuta, then swing across to 
Bulah to Folk’s Bridge, ready to make junction with the other armies in 
case the enemy offers battle this side of Neuse River about Smithfield; 
thence in case of no serious opposition on the left, will work up towards 
Karpsboro, Andrews B , and Warrenton. 

4. The Cavalry (General Kilpatrick commanding), leaving its encum- 
brances with the right wing, will push as though straight for Weldon, until 
the enemy is across Tar River, and that bridge burned ; then it will deflect 
towards Nashville and Warrenton, keeping up communications wfith general 
headquarters. 

5. The geueral-in-chief will be with the centre habitually, but may in per- 
son shift to either flank, where his presence may be needed, leaving a staff 
officer to receive reports. 

By order of W. T. SHERMAN, 

Major-General. 

T. M. DAYTON, Asst. Adj't Gen'l. 

On the day following their issue, the above “Orders” 
were changed by reason of the news of the fall of Richmond 
and the retreat of. Lee’s army towards North Carolina. In- 
ferring that Lee was aiming to join his forces to those of 
Johnston at Smithfield, our general-in-chief altered his plan 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 383 

of operations for the 10th, and issued orders to move against 
Johnston’s army with Raleigh as the objective — fifty miles 
northwest of Goldsboro. The left wing (Slocum’s) advanced 
directly upon Smithfield on two roads leading to Raleigh. 
The Twentieth Corps took the left-hand road, and the Four- 
teenth the right, which was the direct road to Smithfield. 
The wing was supported by the centre under Schofield. The 
right wing (Howard’s) made a detour to the right. 

Reveille sounded at 5 o'clock on the morning of the 10th, 
and promptly at daylight we began the march. The enemy 
skirmished nearly all day with the advance of our columns 
without impeding our progress. We bivouacked about 
twelve miles from Smithfield. O11 the morning of Tuesday, 
nth, the reveille sounded as early as 3 o’clock, and in two 
hours the army was in motion. Our Brigade had now the 
advance of the army, and the Seventy-fifth Indiana was the 
leading Regiment of the Brigade. Five Companies of the 
Regiment, which was now in command of Lieut. -Colonel 
O’Brien, were deployed as skirmishers with Captain Mahlon 
H. Floyd in command. The line advanced over a low, wet 
and swampy soil, engaging the enemy nearly all morning. 
When Smithfield was reached the fighting became quite 
spirited, but the skirmishers pushed rapidly through the 
streets of the village, firing as they progressed; unfortunately 
they could not reach the bridge spanning the Neuse River 
in time to prevent its destruction by the enemy. The town 
was captured by our Regiment at 1 o’clock p. m. We en- 
camped in it. Generals Slocum, Baird and others paid high 
compliments to our Regiment for its hard work of this day. 
In a letter to the writer (Feb. 4th, 1891,) of this affair, Cap- 
tain Floyd says: “When I reported with my command at 

the head of the column for the skirmish line, General Slo- 
cum asked General Baird to what Regiment those skirmish- 
ers belonged, and Baird replied that they were from the 
Seventy-fifth Indiana. Then Slocum said: ‘Is not that the 
same Regiment that first entered Fayetteville?’ Baird again 



384 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

replied, ‘Yes.’ To this Slocum replied: ‘I want no better; 
I will risk those fellows with anything.’ In pushing through 
the town, I was in the act of climbing over a board -fence 
into a garden, when a bullet from the enemy struck the top 
board of which I was astraddle and knocked it down, and I 
fell as suddenly as if it had pierced my body. The boys 
thought I was killed.” 

Daniel Herron, of B Company, was severely wounded in 
this fight at Smithfield. He was the last man in Sherman’s 
army wounded by a Confederate bullet. In the battle of 
Chickamauga, Herron carried a pack of cards in the breast 
pocket of his blouse, and a bullet struck it with such force as 
to knock him down, penetrating the entire pack. His com- 
rades thought him killed, but he shortly arose and passed 
safely through the battle. He was not so fortunate, however, 
at Smithfield, where he was severely wounded in the hip. At 
Smithfield was the last fight of the war, which occurred April 
nth, 1865, — two days after Lee’s surrender — and it was 
fought alone by the Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment. 

On the 12th, we resumed our march in the direction of 
Raleigh, bridging the Neuse River with pontoons, on which 
we crossed. During the day Lieut. -Colonel O’Brien read an 
order from General Sherman to the Regiment, announcing 
the surrender of Lee’s army at Appomattox to General Grant 
on the 9th, notice of which he had received during the pre- 
vious night. There was, of course, great rejoicing among 
the soldiers on hearing this news. We all felt that the war 
was practically over. We went into camp about 2 p. m. on 
the railroad between Smithfield and Raleigh. Resuming 
our march on the 13th at daylight, we reached the city of 
Raleigh at noon, passing through the streets in the order of 
a review. On the 14th we marched due west, following the 
North Carolina Railroad, until we were eight miles from 
Raleigh, then turning to the left, went due south, and re- 
suming the march on the next day we encamped at Holly 
Springs. On the 16th we marched eight miles towards the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 385 

Cape Fear River, going into camp at Collin’s Cross-Roads. 
Here we remained until the 27th. It was here that we offi- 
cially received the sad and joyful news of the assassination of 
President Lincoln on the 14th, in Ford’s theatre at Wash- 
ington, D. C., and of the surrender of Johnston at Bennett’s 
house on the 26th, near Durham’s Station, N. C. 

While encamped at Collin’s, B Company of our Regiment, 
under Captain Ellis, was detailed to operate Holliday’s grist- 
mill, located about three miles from camp. The Company 
remained there for a week. 

On Sunday, the 23d, we were called together to hear an 
excellent funeral sermon on the death of President Lincoln, 
by the Chaplain of one of the Regiments in the Brigade. 



CHAPTER XVI. 



HOMEWARD MARCH VIA RICHMOND AND WASHINGTON — 
GRAND REVIEW — FROM WASHINGTON TO INDIAN- 
APOLIS — MUSTER OUT, ETC. 

(FROM APRIL 28TH TO JUNE 16TH, 1 865.) 

Since the capitulation of Lee’s army in Virginia, groups 
of Southern soldiers, unarmed and in gray uniforms, were 
seen by us almost every day on their way home. 

General Schofield and his army were assigned to the duty 
of paroling Johnston’s surrendered forces, and both wings of 
Sherman’s army (except Kilpatrick’s Cavalry, remaining 
with Schofield), consisting of the Fourteenth, Twentieth, 
Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps, under their respective 
commanders, were ordered to Washington City, D. C. , for 
muster out of the service. 

On the 29th of April General Sherman left for City Point, 
and thence for Richmond, Va. , where he awaited us. In the 
mean time our Division moved to Page’s Station, on the 
North Carolina Railroad, about six miles west of Raleigh, 
and encamped. Here the Company officers of our Regiment 
made out the muster rolls and monthly returns, preparatory 
to our discharge. On the previous night, we heard a most 
terrific explosion of gunpowder and shells, causing more or 
less alarm among us, as to what it all meant. It was John- 
ston’s army blowing up the ammunition after the surrender. 
From this point our Brigade started on foot for Washington 
via Richmond. The Nineteenth Indiana Battery of our 
Brigade did not march with us, but was sent to Newbern and 
thence by steamer to Washington. We received orders for 
an easy march to Richmond, moving on an average of fifteen 

(386) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



3*7 



miles per day. At this rate we would have reached Rich- 
mond in ten days; but instead of a daily march of fifteen 
miles, we made between twenty and thirty-five miles per 
day, arriving in Virginia’s Capital in seven days. We actu- 
ally did about the hardest marching after the war was over, 
and when there was no necessity for it. The four Corps 
moving upon different roads, made a foolish foot-race out of 
this homeward march, the object of which was to ascertain 
which one of the Corps could first reach the old Confederate 
Capital. On account of it, several lives of the returning sol- 
diers were lost by exhaustion. 

We began our last march on Sunday, April 30th, and 
made seventeen miles by 3 p. m., and on May 1st crossing 
the Neuse River, with the Seventy-fifth Indiana in the ad- 
vance, we traversed twenty-seven miles of ground by 4 p. m., 
passing through Wilton about noon, where a Union demon- 
stration was made, and where we saw for the first time in the 
South during the war, the Stars and Stripes raised on a pole 
by the citizens. We halted here for an hour, and, while the 
fine band of the Eighty-seventh Indiana Regiment began 
playing “Coming through the Rye” — Colonel Gleason’s 
favorite — the surrendered Confederate soldiers, who were 
present, joined hands with some of our men, and began to 
“circle to the left” in a stag-dance. Probably this was the 
first fraternal union of the blue and the gray after the close 
of hostilities. On resuming our march in the afternoon, we 
crossed the Tar River and went into camp within three miles 
of Oxford, the county-seat of Granville county, N. C. On 
the 2d we marched twenty-two miles, passing through Ox- 
ford and Williamsboro, and encamping at sunset within five 
miles of the Virginia state-line. On the 3d we marched 
twenty miles, crossing the line into Mecklenburg county, 
Va., about 8 a. m. and the Roanoke River about 3 p. m., 
being delayed five hours by laying pontoons. We passed 
through Boydton in the evening and went into camp at dark. 
On the 4th we crossed the Meherrin River, covering twenty- 



388 History of the Seventy -fifth Regiment 

five miles of ground. Resuming our march on the following 
day, we passed through L,ewiston and Nottoway C. H. The 
weather was extremely warm, and the troops were very sore 
and much fatigued, having marched during the day as many 
as thirty-four miles. On the 6th and 7th, with sore feet and 
tired limbs, we covered fifty miles of ground. Crossing the 
Appomattox River in Amelia county, and reaching the 
James near Manchester, we encamped for three days in the 
woods within two miles of Richmond. 

General Halleck, who was in command of the troops 
guarding Richmond, issued peremptory orders, which forbade 
any of Sherman’s soldiers to enter the city without a pass 
from the Corps commanders, but many of us went into the 
city without the pass. The guards stationed at the bridge, 
spanning the James River, were powerless in their endeavors 
to arrest and imprison the squads of Sherman’s soldiers on 
a “still hunt” for something to eat and for the purpose of 
sight-seeing. In more than one instance these guards were 
knocked down and their guns taken from them. 

While partaking of a meal at a house in Richmond, the 
writer witnessed an episode that will bear mentioning here. 
The house was guarded, and the sentinel at the door had 
strict orders to allow no soldier from Sherman’s army with- 
out a pass from his Corps commander to enter. Without 
complying with this “ red tape ” regulation, several of Sher- 
man’s soldiers were there. The proprietor was a rank se- 
cessionist, but he gave us a good meal for a dollar. While 
some of us were busily engaged in eating, a typical Sherman 
“bummer” with a huge haversack carelessly thrown across 
his shoulder, entered the dining room, and, on taking a seat 
at the table, placed his haversack on a chair beside him, 
while he ate. Having finished and asked the price of his 
meal, he was charged two dollars instead of one — one for 
himself and the other for his haversack, which, the pro- 
prietor remarked, had occupied a seat at the table like the 
restand must pay for the privilege. “But,” reasoned the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



389 



bummer, “it didn’t eat anything, and as there was plenty of 
other seats for all who wished a meal, didn’t inconvenience 
anybody.” “Can’t help that,” said the Southerner, who 
felt a little independent with a guard at his door for pro- 
tection, “ seats at this table are a dollar apiece, and if your 
haversack occupies one, it must pay.” Seemingly convinced 
with this process of reasoning in Virginia, which was very 
different from that in Georgia and the Carolinas, and not 
wishing to raise a row when the war was over, the bummer 
“shelled out” the extra dollar. Then he walked up to his 
haversack and addressed it thus: “My old companion, you 

have been mighty patient while I have been eating, and too 
busy to attend to you, but now you shall have all you want.” 
Suiting his action to his words, the bummer opened his 
haversack, which displayed a yawning emptiness, and be- 
gan heaping into it all that the table contained; the rest of us 
“ catching on,” joined in to assist him, until his haversack 
had enjoyed such a “good square meal” that it was borne 
away by its owner, who feasted upon its contents for the rest 
of his march to Washington to his great comfort and satis- 
faction. 

Richmond occupied a most picturesque situation, with 
streets intersecting each other at right angles. The Capitol, 
which was a large and imposing edifice, stood in an eight 
acre park on Shockoe hill; in its central hall stood a fine 
statue of George Washington, and near by a bust of Lafay- 
ette made of marble. In the Capitol grounds stood a monu- 
ment erected to Washington, consisting of a base in the 
shape of a six-pointed star, and a pedestal forty feet high, 
with winding stairs on the inside, upon which stood an 
equestrian statue of “the father of his country,” twenty-five 
feet high, made of bronze. On the base stood smaller statues 
of Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry, with places for four 
more eminent Virginians. We saw Libby’s old tobacco 
house, with the sign still over the door, which became the 
celebrated r“ Libby Prison” of the war. We saw “Belle 



39° History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Isle” and “Castle Thunder” prisons, where so many Na- 
tional soldiers perished. Much of the city was blackened 
and ruined by fire at the time of Lee’s evacuation. 

On the morning of the nth, at 7 o’clock, we broke camp 
near Manchester C. H., and took up our line of march for 
Washington. The right wing (Fifteenth and Seventeenth 
Corps) took the direct road via Fredericksburg. The left 
wing moved through Hanover C. H., thence deflected to the 
left and advanced through Chilesburg; the Twentieth Corps 
by Spotsylvania C. H., and Chancellorsville; and the Four- 
teenth Corps by New Market, Culpepper and Manassas. 
General Sherman accompanied the army. from Richmond to 
Washington, shifting from one wing to the other along the 
route. Crossing the James River 011 a pontoon bridge at 
Richmond, we marched through the principal streets of that 
city, proceeding as far as Hanover C. Ii., where we en- 
camped. In Hanover county Henry Clay and Patrick Henry 
were born. O11 the 12th, we crossed the Patnunkey River, 
and on the 13th, we crossed the Richmond and Potomac Rail- 
road at Chesterfield, reaching Chilesburg by noon. On the 
14th and 15th, we made thirty-five miles, fording the Rapidan 
River at Raccoon Ford; and, on the 16th and 17th, we 
waded the Rappahannock River at Kelley’s Ford, and struck 
the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, which we followed for 
several miles and encamped. On the 18th, we followed this 
railroad to Manassas Junction, thence passed over the Bull 
Run battlefield and to Centreville, where we took the pike 
for Alexandria. Passing through Fairfax C. H., we en- 
camped five miles beyond. On the 19th, we proceeded five 
miles in the direction of Alexandria, when we turned off the 
pike and moved towards Washington, encamping about five 
miles from Alexandria and seven miles from Washington. 

Upon our arrival near the Nation’s Capital, orders were 
issued in which it was announced that on the 23d and 24th 
Grant’s and Sherman’s armies would pass up Pennsylvania 
Avenue in grand review in the presence of President Andrew 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 391 

Johnson, his Cabinet, members of Congress and generals of 
the army. The Fifteenth, Seventeenth and Twentieth Corps 
marched over the Long Bridge, on the night of the 23d, into 
Washington, bivouacking around the Capitol, and our Corps 
(Fourteenth) moved into the city on the morning of the 24th, 
and took our place for the review. Grant’s army was re- 
viewed on the 23d and Sherman’s on the 24th. The city 
was filled with visitors, who came from far and near to wit- 
ness this grand sight. Sherman’s veterans were six long 
hours in passing the grand stand. There was no gaudy 
dress nor holiday appearance about these heroes, who had 
tramped thousands of miles through Georgia and the Caro- 
linas, such as is generally seen at military reviews; but, while 
the sun was shining with a scorching heat, their marching 
was perfect. Their ranks, reaching from one side of the 
pavement to the other, swept the Avenue. Their bands, in 
front of the Brigades, playing their soul-stirring airs, worked 
up the enthusiasm of the thousands of people, who thronged 
both sides of the marching columns, to the highest pitch. 
In commenting on this review twenty-five years afterwards, 
the National Tribune editorially says: 

“A quarter of a million of veterans, heroes of hundreds of sanguinary- 
battles, winnowed, tempered, and tested by four years of desperate fighting, 
and flushed by a victory which left every hostile arm grounded, marched 
through the Capital of their Nation in pride and power. It was the mighti- 
est army that then stood upon the planet which we call earth. But it was 
not a horde mustered for conquest and oppression, or to maintain the power 
of kings. It was a pageant of the might and majesty of a free people roused 
to war, and who had sent their sons forth to battle for the eternal right. 
Every musket was borne by a freeman and a patriot, who bore the musket 
solely because of his patriotism. The hand on every sabre hilt was a hand 
that would only be raised to strike for the right; they who trained the can- 
non w T Ould only turn their dread powers on enemies of freedom and law.” 
(Oct. 8th, 1891.) 

When we returned to our camps, we were quite tired, hav- 
ing marched, in the course of the day, some twenty miles 1 
On the day following the grand review, we left our camps 



392 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

near Alexandria, and moved to more congenial grounds 
about three miles north of Washington. Opportunity was 
now afforded us to visit the Capital of our Nation. It was 
the first sight of the city many of us ever had, and we gladly 
availed ourselves of this privilege. Though the sight of the 
massive public buildings, among other things, greatly im- 
pressed us; the tall pillars of the Capitol and White House, 
wreathed in black bunting from top to bottom in honor and 
memory of our martyred President, made a far deeper im- 
pression upon us. Throughout the city the statues and 
monuments of distinguished statesmen and soldiers of the 
past were almost hidden by the great folds of black; and 
heavy festoons hung mournfully from the roofs of the build- 
ings to the pavements below. 

On June 3d, the Fourteenth Corps was called into line to 
bid farewell to our old commander, General George H. 
Thomas. The scene was peculiarly affecting to both the 
Corps and the General. We, who were accustomed to wit- 
ness all sorts of heart-rending scenes with a stoical indiffer- 
ence, as we now gave good-bye to the grandest of all our 
grand commanders, wept like children. It was the last time 
many of us were permitted to look into the General’s stern, 
but kind face. He was among the first of the great leaders 
to pass from earth after the war. He died March 28th, 1870. 

The breaking up of the old Second Brigade, and the final 
separation of the respective Regiments composing it, now 
occurred. On the 3d, the One-hundred and fifth Ohio was 
mustered out at Washington and took the cars for Cleveland, 
Ohio; and on the same day, the Nineteenth Indiana Battery 
left for Indianapolis, Indiana, where, on the 10th, it was 
mustered out. On the 10th, the Eighty-seventh Indiana was 
mustered out at Washington and transported by cars to In- 
dianapolis, Indiana, and on the 14th the One-hundred and 
first Indiana and the Second Minnesota Regiments, having 
previously been assigned to another Brigade, with Brevet 
Brig. -Gen. J. W. Bishop, of the latter, in command, were 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 393 

sent to Louisville, Kv, where they were mustered out, (the 
former on June 24th and the latter on July 10th) and re- 
turned to their respective States. 

The Seventy-fifth Indiana Regiment was formally mus- 
tered out of the United States service at Washington, D. C., 
on June 8th, 1865. The recruits of the Regiment were on 
the same day transferred to the Forty-second Indiana Regi- 
ment, and, with that organization, were sent to Louisville, 
Kv., where, on July 21st, they were mustered out. 

Proceeding homeward, our Regiment, on the evening of the 
8th, was placed on board of a train made up of empty stock- 
cars, and left Washington about 7 o’clock, via B. and O. 
Railroad, for Parkersburg, W. Va. , passing through the his- 
toric towns of Harper’s Ferry, Martinsburg, Cumberland, 
Piedmont and Grafton, and arriving in Parkersburg at 1 
o’clock p. in. on the nth. Expressions of good will were 
shown us by the citizens all along the route; but at Grafton 
we were bountifully entertained. On the 12th, at 10 o’clock 
in the morning, we embarked on the steamer T. C. Dumont, 
at Parkersburg, and steamed down the Ohio River to Law- 
renceburg, Indiana. This trip on water of a distance of sev- 
eral hundred miles along the southern border of the State of 
Ohio, was most delightful. It was in striking contrast with 
our march in rain and mud through the Carolinas. During 
the day we were afforded some of the loveliest river scenery 
that we had ever witnessed. The view, as it lay spread out 
before our eyes, seemed as if nature had lavished upon it a 
combination of all that was beautiful. Little towns and vil- 
lages were dotted here and there on either side of the river, 
which were relieved at intervals by abrupt and broken hills 
and rich and fertile farms of the Ohio Valley. During the 
night we saw the picturesque and friendly light-houses. One 
was almost always in view. From the benevolence of their 
design they were objects of interest to us. Like pillars of 
fire by 'night, they greeted us as we journeyed. About mid- 
night we ran upon a sand-bar, which detained us for a while; 

26 



394 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

but we arrived at Lawrenceburg in the evening of the 13th,. 
where we were given a sumptuous repast by the citizens of 
our State. At 11 o’clock on that night we took the cars at 
Lawrenceburg for Indianapolis, and passing through Greens- 
burg and Shelbyville, we arrived in the Union depot at 7 
o'clock in the morning of the 14th. From thence we pro- 
ceeded to the Soldiers’ Home, and after partaking of a good 
breakfast there, we marched to the Arsenal and turned over 
our guns and equipments. In the afternoon of the same day 
the Regiment was given a public reception by the Governor 
and other State officials in the grounds of the Capitol. We 
were now quartered in Camp Morton, with the privilege of 
doing generally as we pleased, until the 16th, when we were 
paid off and onr discharges handed to 11s, dated June 8th, 
1865. The Seventy-fifth Regiment of Indiana Infantry Vol- 
unteers now passed out of an organic existence, and its indi- 
vidual members returned to the various duties of civil life. 

The two “Orders,” which were the last received from the 
commander of our Corps and the commander-in chief of our 
army, are herewith inserted: 

[general orders, no. 17. ] 

Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps, 
Washington , D. C., June 15th, 1865. 
Soldiers of the Fourteenth A rmy Corps : 

Since he assumed command of the Corps, your General has seen many oc- 
casions when he was proud of your endurance, your courage, and your 
achievements. If he did not praise you then, it was because your labors and 
triumphs were incomplete. Whilst the enemies of your country still defied 
you, whilst hardships and dangers were to be encountered and overcome, it 
seemed to him premature to indulge in unnecessar}" praise of deeds being 
enacted, or to rest upon laurels already won. But now, when the battle and 
the march are ended and the victory yours, when many of you are about to 
return to your homes, where the sound of the hostile cannon — now silenced, 
let us trust forever, in our land — will soon be forgotten amidst the welcom- 
ing plaudits of friends, when the heavy armor of the soldier is being ex- 
changed for the civic wreaths of peace, he deemed it a happy occasion to 
congratulate you upon the part which you have borne, in common with 
your comrades of the armies of the Union, in the mighty struggle for the 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



395 



maintenance of the unity and integrity of your country. You will join 
heartily in the general rejoicing over the grand result and the termination 
of the Nation’s perils. While the country is welcoming her defenders home, 
and their noble deeds are being commemorated, you will ever remember 
with proud satisfaction that at Chickamauga yours were the invincible bat- 
talions with which the unyielding Thomas hurled back the overwhelming 
foe and saved the day ; that at Mission Ridge you helped, with your brothers 
of the Armies of the Cumberland and of the Tennessee, to plant the banners 
of your country once more on the cloud-clad heights of Chattanooga ; that 
at Jonesboro your resistless charge decreed the final fate of proud Atlanta; 
that at Bentouville you for hours defied the frenzied and determined efforts 
of the rebel hosts to crush seriatim the columns of the victorious Sherman. 
Years hence, in the happy enjoyment of the peace and prosperit}' of your 
country, whose preservation your valor on many hard-fought fields secured, 
it will be among your proudest boasts that you fought with Thomas and 
marched with Sherman from the mountains to the sea ; that you toiled and 
skirmished in midwinter through the swamps of Georgia and the Carolinas ; 
that after years of bloody contest you witnessed the surrender of one of the 
enemy’s proudest armies, no longer able to withstand your irresistible pur- 
suit. Now, the danger past and the victory won, many of you return home- 
ward. Let the same generous spirit, the same pure patriotism that prompted 
your entry into your country’s service, be cherished by you, never forgetting 
that the true soldier is always a good citizen and Christian. 

Some remain yet for a time as soldiers. The same country that first called 
you needs your further services and retains you. Let your future record be 
a continuation of the glorious past, and such that as long as a soldier remains 
of the Fourteenth Corps it shall continue bright and untarnished. 

Many of the noblest, bravest, and best, who came out with us will not 
return. We left them on the hills and by the streams of the South, where 
no voice of mother, sister, or wife will ever wake them, where no kind hand 
wall strew flowers upon their graves. But soldiers, by us they will never be 
forgotten. Their heroic deeds and last resting places will often be brought 
to mind in fond remembrance. Though dead, they will live in the affections 
of their countrymen and their country’s history. Whilst passing events are 
fast changing our past associations and requiring us to form new ones, let 
us seek to extend a warm greeting and the hearty hand of congratulation to 
all who rejoice in our country’s preservation and return to peace. 

By command of Brevet Major-General Jeff. C. Davis. 

A. C. McCLURG, 

Brevet Colonel , A. A. G., and Chief 0/ Staff „ 



396 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

[special field orders, no. 76.] 

Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, 

In the Field , Washington, D. C., May 30th, 1863. 

The General commanding announces to the Armies of the Tennessee and 
Georgia that the time has come for us to part. Our work is done, and armed 
enemies no longer defy us. Some of you will go to your homes, and others 
will be retained in military service until further orders. 

And now that we are all about to separate, to mingle with the civil world, 
it becomes a pleasing duty to call to mind the situation of national affairs, 
when but little more than a year ago we were gathered about the cliffs of 
Lookout Mountain, and all the future was wrapped in doubt and uncertainty. 

Three armies had come together from distant fields, with separate his- 
tories, yet bound by one common cause, the union of our country and the 
perpetuation of the government of our inheritance. There is no need to re- 
call to your memories Tunnel Hill, with Rocky Face Mountain and Buzzard 
Roost Gap, and the ugly forts of Dalton behind. 

We were in earnest, and paused not for danger and difficulty, but dashed 
through Snake Creek Gap and fell on Resaca; then on to the Etowah, to 
Dallas, Kenesaw, and the heats of summer found us on the banks of the 
Chattahoochee, far from home, and dependent on a single road for supplies. 

Again we were not to be held back by any obstacle, and crossed and 
fought four hard battles for the possession of the citadel of Atlanta. That 
was the crisis of our history. A doubt still clouded our future ; but we solved 
the problem, destroyed Atlanta, struck boldly across the State of Georgia, 
severed all the main arteries of life to our enemy, and Christmas found us 
at Savannah. 

Waiting there only long enough to fill our wagons, we again began a 
march, which for peril, labor, and result will compare with any ever made 
by an organized army. The floods of the Savannah, the swamps of the 
Combahee and Edisto, the high hills and rocks of the Santee, the flat quag- 
mires of the Pedee and Cape Fear rivers, were all passed in midwinter, with 
its floods and rains, in the face of an accumulating enemy ; and after the 
battles of Averysboro and Bentonville, we once more came out of the wilder- 
ness to meet our friends at Goldsboro. Even then we paused only long 
enough to get new clothing, to reload our wagons ; again pushed on to 
Raleigh, and beyond, until we met our enemy, suing for peace instead of 
war, and offering to submit to the injured laws of his and our country. As 
long as that enemy was defiant, nor mountains, nor rivers, nor swamps, nor 
hunger, nor cold had checked us ; but when he, who had fought us hard and 
persistently, offered submission, your General thought it wrong to pursue 
him farther, and negotiations followed which resulted, as you all know, in 
his surrender. 

How far the operations of this army contributed to the final overthrow of 
the Confederacy and the peace which now dawns upon us, must be judged 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



397 



by others, not by us ; but that you have done all that men could do has been 
admitted by those in authority, and we have a right to join in the universal 
joy that fills our land, because the war is over and our government stands 
vindicated before the worlj by the joint action of the volunteer armies and 
navy of the United States. 

To such as remain in the service, yonr General need only remind you that 
success in the past was due to hard work and discipline, and that the same 
work and discipline are equally important in the future. To such as go 
home, he will only say that our favored country is so grand, so extensive, 
so diversified in climate, soil, and productions, that every man may find a 
home and occupation suited to his tastes ; none should yield to the natural 
impatience sure to result from our past life of excitement and adventure. 
You will be invited to seek new adventures abroad ; do not yield to the 
temptation, for it will lead only to death and disappointment. 

Your General now bids you farewell, with the full belief that as in war 
you have been good soldiers, so in peace you will make good citizens ; and 
if, unfortunately, new war should arise in our country, “Sherman’s army” 
will be the first to buckle on its old armor and come forth to defend and 
maintain the government of our inheritance. 

By order of Major-General W. T. Sherman. L. M. DAYTON, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Before he lays aside his pen, the writer considers it due to 
the memory of Captain Mahlon H. Floyd and Colonel Milton 
S. Robinson, who, in the Providence of God, were not per- 
mitted to see the completion of this book, in which they took 
so great an interest, to insert herewith a brief biographical 
sketch of their lives. 

Captain Mahlon H. Floyd, who was born near Middle- 
town, Frederick county, Maryland, on September ist, 1839, 
died suddenly of heart disease, August 21st, 1891, at his 
home in Indianapolis, Indiana. In 1858, he moved from his 
native State to Hamilton county, Indiana. In 1861, at the 
first call for troops in defense of the Union, he entered the 
army as a Sergeant in Company D of the Twelfth Indiana 
Regiment (of which Lieutenant- Colonel O’Brien and Major 
McCole of our Regiment were the Captain and First Lieuten- 
ant, and Captain John T. Floyd of the One-hundred and first 
Indiana was the Second Lieutenant) and served in Maryland 



398 History of the Seventy- fifth Regiment 

and Virginia in the Army of the Shenandoah under General 
N. P. Banks. At the expiration of his term of enlistment, 
which was for one year, he raised Company I of our Regi- 
ment in 1862, and re-entered the army as a Captain, serving 
to the close of the war. 

Joining George H. Thomas Post of Indianapolis, he be- 
came an ardent G. A. R. man. O11 October 4th, 1866, he 
married Miss Clarinda H., daughter of ex-Congressman 
James L. Evans, of Indiana. In 1869, he became a partner in 
the firm of Fortner, Floyd & Co. in the wholesale notion busi- 
ness, on South Meridian St., Indianapolis. At the time of his 
death he was a clerk in the Pension Office at Indianapolis. 

The Noblesville Ledger of August 22d, 1891, published 
at his former home, bears the following testimony to his 
character: 

“ Last night at his home, in the city of Indianapolis, the great heart of Maj. 
M. H. Floyd ceased to beat, and his spirit took its flight to the realms of 
light At 10 o’clock he was preparing to retire for the night, when he ex- 
pired without a moan. He had been afflicted for some time with heart 
trouble, and, although his demise was not unexpected, the shock came with 
terrific force. Maj. Floyd in many respects was a remarkable man. As a 
friend he was generous to a fault. As an opponent he was manly and court- 
eous. As a citizen he was loyal, honest and true. As a soldier he was 
bravery personified. His surviving comrades are a unit in saying that Maj. 
Floyd was always in the thickest of the fight, leading his men and saying, 
‘Come on, boys.’ Their love for him was akin to worship. As a husband 
his fidelity was purity itself. As a father his paternal heart was brimming 
with love for his offspring. When suffering humanity called upon him for 
assistance, it was never turned empty away. In brief, he was nature’s 
nobleman, worthy the confidence and esteem of his fellow-men.” 

Hon. Milton S. Robinson, who died July 28th, 1892, at 
Anderson, Indiana, was born April 10th, 1832, in Ripley 
county, Indiana. In 1851 he was admitted to the Decatur 
county bar at Greensburg, and in the same year he removed 
to the city of Anderson, where he has ever since made his 
home. He held several offices of trust. He was an elector 
in the first electoral college that declared Abraham Lincoln 



of Indiana Infantry Voliuiteers. 399 

the President of the United States in i860. Holding the 
office of director of the State Prison, to which the Legislature 
of Indiana had appointed him, he resigned at the beginning 
of the war, and took the field in 1861 as the Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the Forty-seventh Indiana Regiment. On Octo- 
ber 2 1st, 1862, he was promoted to the colonelcy of our 
Regiment, which he ablv commanded in the battles of 
Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge. He was in command 
of the Brigade in the battle of Hoover’s Gap, and on the 
Tullahoma campaign. On April 1st, 1864, he resigned as 
Colonel of our Regiment to resume the practice of his profes- 
sion, which, in years, grew to be very large and lucrative. 
After the war, he represented his district for four years in the 
Senate of his State, and for two terms in the Congress of the 
United States. In 1889 he was appointed by Governor Alvin 
P. Hovey to the Bench of the Appellate Court of Indiana, 
holding this office at the time of his death. 

Judge Robinson’s funeral was one of the largest and most 
impressive ever held in the State of Indiana; judges, lawyers, 
ex-soldiers, friends, and many others from various parts of the 
State, were present out of respect to the memory of the brave 
soldier and distinguished jurist. The services were con- 
ducted under the auspices of Major May Post G. A. R., of 
Anderson, of which he was a member. 

On the day of his death the Anderson Daily Herald paid 
the following tribute to his character: 

“ Few men indeed attain the citadel of respect in which Col. Robinson 
was held by the public. His loss will be keenly felt in this city. He will 
be missed in the court, of which he was an honored, able, and unfaltering 
worker ; in the church, of which he was a distinguished member ; at the bar 
of the Madison county circuit court, where he had no peer ; in the councils 
of his party, where his words were weighted with experience and worth ; in 
the daily walks of life, in his contact with the people, where he was re- 
spected and loved for earnestness and unfaltering devotion to right principle 
.and conduct in affairs of business.” 



RECAPITULATION OF THE STRENGTH AND LOSS 



OF THE 

SEVENTY-FIFTH INDIANA REGIMENT. 



Mustered in Aug. 19, 1862 1000 

Recruited during the service . 83 

Mustered out June 8, 1865 468 

Total loss 615 

Killed and died of wounds 51 

Died in Confederate prisons 13 

Died of diseases 163 

Died by poison 1 

Drowned in Tennessee River 1 

Resigned and discharged on account of disability and wounds 214 

Transferred 144 

Left Regiment without leave 28 

615 

Of the 468 who were mustered out at the close of the war with the Regiment, not 
more than half or two-thirds were present for duty at any one time. 

Killed. 

Bennett, Columbus A. (Co. E), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Bird, James (Co. C), Missionary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

Boon, Joseph (Co. D), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Brown, William (Co. K), Peachtree Creek, Ga., July 20, ’64. 

Conklin, Joseph (Co. D), Right of Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 7, ’64. 

Cooper, Stanley (Co B), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 21, ’63. 

Deaver, Thomas (Co. E), Missionary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

Fait, Timothy F. (Co. F), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Fullum, Thomas J. (Co. H), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Hancher, John A. (Co. G), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Harter, Andrew J. (Co. K), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Hatfield, Andrew (Co. H), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Iler, George W. (Corporal, Co. H), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

James, Henry (Corporal, Co. A), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Kinsey, Geo. PI. (Co. F), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Larick, Isaiah M. (Co. F), Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 18, ’64. 

Loyd, Richard (Co. F), Missionary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

( 400) 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



401 



Mathes, William (Co. G), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 20, ’63. 

Mote, John (Co. A), Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 22, ’64. 

Mulrine, Peter (Corporal, Co. H), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 20, ’63. 

Needham, Jackson (Co. G), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Nelson, John W. (Co. G), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 20, ’63. 

Peters, Jacob (Co. G), Missionary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

Porter, James (Co. F), Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 18, ’64. 

Riley, David (Co. F), Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 18, ’64. 

Saylor, Levi S. (Co. E), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Stewart, James (Corporal, Co. F), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Twibi.e, David (Co. K), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Wildunner, Henry (Co. I), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Woods, Riley (Co. I), Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Mortally Wounded. 

Arick, John (Co. H), died Nov. 27, ’63, of wounds received at Missionary Ridge, 
Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

Baird, Elias T. (Co. F), died Nov. 21, ’63, of wounds received at Chickamauga, Ga., 
Sept. 20, ’63. 

Brownfield, Robert M. (Co. A ), died June 29, ’64, of wounds received at Resaca, 
Ga., May 14, ’64. 

Bryant, Francis M. (Capt., Co. C), died Dec. 2, ’63, of wounds received at Mission- 
ary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

Engart, Levi (Co. A), died Feb. 11, ’64, of wounds received at Chickamauga, Ga., 
Sept. 19, ’63. 

Helms, Abram J. (Co. I), died Dec. 4, ’63, of wounds received at Missionary Ridge, 
Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

Hosier, Allen W. (Co. B), died Aug. 15, ’64, of wounds recived in Front of Atlanta, 
Ga., Aug. 5, ’64. 

Hutzell, Edward (Co. A), died Jan. 8, ’64, of wounds received at Chickamauga, 
Ga., Sept., 19, ’63. 

Jackson, Martin (Co. G), died Oct. 4, ’63, of wounds received at Chickamauga, Ga., 
Sept. 19, ’63. 

Jellison, James (Co. E), died Sept. 23, ’63, of wounds received at Chickamauga, Ga., 
Sept. 19, ’63. 

Johnson, David F. (Co. D), died Oct. 22, ’63, of wounds received at Chickamauga, 
Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Knee, Valentine (Co. H), died Oct. 19, ’63, of wounds received at Chickamauga, 
Ga., Sept. 19, ’63.' 

Lewark, Elijah (Co. G), died Aug. 22, ’64, of wounds received in Front of Atlanta, 
Ga., Aug. 5, ’64. 

Lutz, John (Sergeant, Co. D), died Oct. 21, ’63, of wounds received at Chickamauga, 
Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Milner, Matthew H. (Co. E), died Sept. 21, ’63, of wounds received at Chicka- 
mauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Miner, James M. (Co. G), died Sept. 22, ’63, of wounds received at Chickamauga, 
Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 



402 History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 

Moore, Elijah (Co. I), died Nov. 24, ’63, of wounds received at Chiekamauga, Ga., 
Sept. 20, ’63. 

Nevins, George (Co. E), died Oct. 29, ’63, of wounds received at Chiekamauga, Ga., 
Sept. 19, ’63. 

Park, David (Sergeant, Co. A), died Nov. 4, ’63, of wounds received at Chicka- 
mauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Robbins, John (Co. G), died Oct. 15, ’63, of wounds received at Chiekamauga, Ga. , 
Sept. 19, ’63. 

Smith, Theodore (Co. E), died Oct. 31, ’63, of wounds received at Chiekamauga, 
Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Died in Confederate Prisons. 

Bock, Samuel (Co. I), died Apr. 17, ’64, at Andersonville, Ga. 

Burcham, Calvin (Co. I), died May 30, ’64, at Annapolis, Md. 

Cox, David M. (Co. C), died Feb. 16, ’64, at Richmond, Va. 

Evans, William (Co. I), died May 22, ’64, at Andersonville, Ga. 

Landers, Samuel (Co. I), died Mar. 5, ’64, at Richmond, Va. 

Lawson, William A. (Co. A), died Aug. 14, ’64, at Andersonville, Ga. 

Lawson, James M. (Co. A), died Dec. 25/63, at Danville, Va. 

Malsby, John C. (Co. D), died Dec. 1, ’63, at Richmond, Va. 

McGinnp:ss, William (Capt., Co. H), died Aug. 31, ’64, at Savannah, Ga. 

McKee, John D. (Co. G), died (place and date unknown). 

Thorington, James (Co. C), died Feb. 21, ’64, at Richmond, Va. 

Whistler, James B. (Co. C), died Nov. 1, ’63, at Atlanta, Ga. 

Wilson, John N. (Co. G), died June 24, ’64, at Andersonville, Ga. 

Died of Disease. 

The following 158 members of the Seventy-fifth Regiment died by the ravages of 
disease. Regiments at the front, whose term of service lasted three years, were 
usually reduced more rapidly by the diseases of camp, than by the bullets of battle. 
Many of the survivors of the war are far greater physical wrecks by reason of the 
exposures and sicknesses of the camp and march, than those are who lost limbs in 
battle. The Adjutant- General of Indiana in his Official Report of the troops from 
our State, very properly and justly places the men, who died of diseases, side by side 
in the roll of honor with those who fell in battle. Men dying in hospitals, away 
from home, unattended by their friends, “ paid the last full measure of their devo- 
tion,” as truly as those who were shot down on the battlefield. Some of these men, 
whose names are herewith recorded, may have never seen a field of battle; but they 
nevertheless yielded up their lives, as a holocaust to their country’s need, as truly as 
those who perished in the storm of conflict. They died to secure a Union victory 
just as much as they would have done in a charging column. The incipient cause, 
however, of the death of some of these, who are here reported as dying from dis- 
ease, was from wounds received in battle. 

Alberding, Frederick (Co. D), at Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 10, ’64. 

Alberton, Wlliam H. (Co. E), at New Albany, Ind., Feb. 17, ’65. 

Allen, Thomas (Co. K), at Evansville, Ind., Jan. 27, ’64. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 

Andrews, Wesley (Co. H), at Frankfort, Ky., Oct. 16, ’62. 

Ankerman, Abram (Co. A), at Savannah, Ga., Mar. 14, ’65. 

Antrim, Cornelius (Co. A), at Louisville, Ky., Aug. 13, ’63. 

Ballard, James P. (Co. B), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 1, ’63. 

Barnhizer, Jacob (Co. D), at Stevenson, Ala., June 17, ’63. 

Beard, Andrew (Co. E), at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 17, ’62. 

Bennett, Charles E. (Corporal, Co. F), at Camp Dennison, Ohio, Feb. 15, 
Biddle, Artilleus (Co. I), at Tullahoma, Tenn., July 18, ’63. 

Bowman, Henry C. (Co. H), at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 15, ’63. 

Boyd, John P. (Corporal, Co. F), at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 27, ’63. 

Boyer, John (Co. B), at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 23, ’64. 

Boyle, Patrick (Co. K), at Ringgold, Ga., Mar. 29, ’64. 

Bright, Emsley (Co. C), at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 15, ’63. 

Buckmaster, Samuel (Sergeant, Co. K), at Chattanooga, Tenn., July 2, ’64. 
Burns, John E. (Co. D), at Nashville, Tenn., July 1 1, ’64. 

Burris, Eli (Co. C), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 20, ’63. 

Burris, Daniel (Co. D), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. — , ’63. 

Bur well, James (Co. K), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 9, ’63. 

Cartwright, John T. (Sergeant, Co. K), at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 22, ’63. 
Coate, John G. (Co. C), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 27, ’65. 

Coy, Francis (Sergeant, Co. B), at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 17, ’62. 

Crum, Jacob W. (Sergeant, Co. E), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 16, ’63. 
Davidson, Richard (Co. B), at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 12, ’62. 

Dellinger, John C. (Co. B), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 19, ’64. 

Demond, John B. (Co. K), at Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 13, ’63. 

Dow, Henry S. (Co. D), at Bowling Green, Ky., Dec. — , ’62. 

Dowel, Jacob (Co. A), at Scottsville, Ky., Jan. 29, ’63. 

Dowsman, Geo. B. (Co. H), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 28, ’63. 

Dunahoe, Geo. (Co. H), at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 15, ’62. 

Durflinger, Philip (Wagoner, Co. D), at Louisville, Ky., Nov. — , ’62. 
Eaker, Jacob (Co. G), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 4, ’63. 

Ellett, James (Co. C), at Kokomo, Ind., Feb. 20, ’63. 

Endicott, Geo. W. (Co. B), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 27, ’63. 

Fay, John (Co. C), at Louisville, Ky., Dec. 7, ’63. 

Finney, James W. (Co. B), at Gallatin, Tenn., Mar. 4, ’63. 

Fisher, Philip O. (Co. D), at Louisville, Ky., Sept. 12, ’62. 

Fleetwood, William (Co. B), at Bledsoe, Tenn., Dec. 21, ’62. 

Foy, William A. (Co. A), at Louisville, Ky., July 26, ’63. 

Frazer, John B. (1st Lieutenant, Co. G), (place unknown), July 4, ’63. 
Funk, Henry (Co. H), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 22, ’64. 

Furny, David G. (Co. B), at Ringgold, Ga., Apr. 10, ’64. 

Furry, William M. (Co. B), at Nashville, Tenn., July 1, ’64. 

Gatwood, Robert B. (Co. H), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Aug. 12, ’63. 

Goar, James M. (Co. B),*at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 6, ’63. 

Good, Edward (Corporal, Co. I), at Louisville, Ky., Nov. 28, ’62. 



404 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment 



Graham, John (Co. K), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 29, ’63. 

Grant, Geo. W. (Co. A), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 29, ’63. 

Green, Justice (Co. F), at Portland, Ind., Nov. 20, ’63. 

Gunn, Simpson (Co. D), at Jeffersonville, Ind., Jan. 9, ’64. 

Hardy, Moses D. (Co. F), at Nashville, Tenn., May 28, ’64. 

Harman, Luther C. (Corporal, Co. G), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 27, ’63. 
Hoskins, Enos (Co. F), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 28, ’63. 

Henderson, Geo. W. (Co. C), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 26, ’63. 
Hillis, George (Co. G), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 13, ’63. 

Hillis, David E. (Co. G), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 15, ’63. 
Hinkle, Jacob (Co. C), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 20, ’63. 

Hodson, John M. (Co. C), at Nashville, Tenn. (date unknown.) 
Hooten, Albert R. (Co. B), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Mar. 2, ’64. 

Huff, Benjamin (Co. C), at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 21, ’63. 

Hughes, John T. (Co. A), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 11, ’63. 

Hulce, George, (Co. G) at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr., 26, ’63. 

Hulse, James A. (Co. C), near Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 1, ’63. 

Hutson, Solomon (Co. B), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 12, ’63. 

Inman, Philip (Co. A), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 24, ’63. 

Jacobs, Joseph P. H. (Co. D), at Cicero, Ind., Mar. 31, ’64. 

Johnson, Swen (Co. I), at Nashville, Tenn., Apr. 9, ’63. 

Jones, Henry (Co. C), at Scottsville, Ky., Jan. 5, ’63. 

Lawson, George (Co. G), at Gallatin, Tenn., Mar. 29, ’63. 

Layton, Eli W. (Co. I), at Bledsoe, Tenn., Dec. 20, ’62. 

Layton, Richard M. (Co. I), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 11, ’63. 

Lednum, John W. (Co. I), at University Place, Tenn., Aug. 13, ’63. 
Lilley, Abram R. (Co. I), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 19, ’63. 

Lowman, John H. (Co. H), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 13, ’63. 

Luckey, William C. (Co. E), at New Albany, Ind., Dec, 1 1, ’62. 
Mallery, Garrick (Co. D), at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 13, ’62. 

Mason, William (Co. K), at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 7, ’62. 

Mason, Noah C. (Co. E), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 1 1, ’63. 

McClure, Samuel (Co. C), at Bowling Green, Ky., Dec. 11, ’62. 
McDaniel, Wilson (Co. A), at Jeffersonville, Ind., Nov. 24, ’64. 
McFadden, Ross (Co. E), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 28, ’63. 
Meisee, Abram B. (Co. D), at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 27, ’62. 

Meisee, Nathan v Co. D), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 27, ’63. 
Mendenhall, Aaron J. (Co. F), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 30, ’63. 
Meredith, John (Co. F), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 30, ’63. 
Merrill, Henry C. (Co. B), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 22, ’64. 
Merrill, Martin S. (Co. B), at Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 22, ’64. 
Montgomery, Thomas A. (Co. I), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 28, ’63. 
Mority, Charles (Corporal, Co. K), at New Albany, Ind., Nov. 1, ’63. 
Mouldeny, James R. (Co. B), at Chattanooga, Tenn., July 1 5, ’64. 
Myers, Henry (Co. C), at Lebanon, Ky., Sept. 5, ’62. 

Myers, Samuel (Co. D), at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 28, ’62. 



of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. 



405 



Norris, John W. (Co. I), at Castalian Springs, Tenn., Dec. 11, ’62. 

Oldham, James (Corporal, Co. C), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 2, ’63. 

Owen, Emanuel (Co. G), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 22, ’63. 

Pare, Redin D. (Co. B), at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 5, ’64. 

Peck, Abner (Co. I), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 15, ’63. 

Perry, James R. (Co. G). at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 21, ’63. 

Perry, Adam (Co. K), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 5, ’63. 

Poff, Allen M. (Co. C), at Louisville, Ky., Oct. 11, ’62. 

Poorman, David (Co. E), at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 4, ’63. 

Powell, William (Co. K), at Nashville, Tenn., July 4, ’63. 

Rains, Geo. W. (Co. G), at Jeffersonville, Ind., Feb. 16, ’65. 

Randall, Eli (Co. D), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 16, ’63. 

Randall, Phinehas (Co. D), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 16, ’63. 

Randall, Sylvanus (Co. D), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 1 1, ’63. 

Rood, Isaac A (Co. B), at Atlanta, Ga., Amg. 17, ’64. 

Ross, Francis M. (Co. B), at Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 5, ’62. 

Royer, Eli (Sergeant, Co. A), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 21, ’63. 

Russell, Jesse J. (Co. F), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 28, ’63. 

Schmitt, Jacob (Co. F), at Louisville, Ky., Nov. 2, ’62. 

Scott, John A. (Co. D), at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 20, ’62. 

Scripture, John W. (Co. B), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 24, ’64. 

Shideler, Joseph (Co. E), at Nashville, Tenn., Mar. 1, ’63. 

Shinn, Silas N. (Co. K), at Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 30, ’63. 

Shirk, George (Co. F), at Gallatin, Tenn., Mar. 8, ’63. 

Shull, William Y. (Co. E), at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 12, ’62. 

Shull, John S. (Co. E), near Stone Mountain, Ga., Nov. 17, ’64. 

Simmons, John (Co. G), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 9, ’63. 

Slusher, Leander C. (Co. E), at Willett’s Point, N. Y., Apr. 8, ’65. 

Smethers, Andrew (Co. I), at Chattanooga, Tenn., May 12, ’64. 

Smiley, John (Co. C), at New Albany, Ind., Oct. 30, ’62. 

Smith. Samuel (Co. H), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 2, ’63. 

Smith, Silas W. (Co. K), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 27, ’63. 

Smith, Nathaniel F. (Co. E), at Nashville, Tenn., Mar. 31, ’64. 

Stansbberry, Asel (Co. G), at Louisville, Ky., Aug. — , ’63. 

Stanton, Charles E. (Co. F), at Ringgold, Ga., Mar. 9, ’64. 

Stephens, Hiram (Co. C), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 23, ’63. 

Stephenson, Eli (Co. D), at Decherd’s Station, Tenn., July 29, ’63. 

Stewart, John Presley (Sergeant, Co. I), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 21, ’63. 
Stringer, Thomas J. (Co. C), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 6, ’63. 

Sturgeon, John W. (Co. H), at Fairfax Theol. Seminary, Va., May 2, ’65. 
Templeton, Warren (Co. K), at New Albany, Ind., Jan. 14, ’63. 

Templin, Richard (Co. C), at Kokomo, Ind., Feb. 28, ’64. 

Thompson, Cornelius (Co. F), at New York City, Jan. 17, ’65. 

Tracy, Grigsby (Co. G), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 22, ’63. 

Trainer, Thomas (Co. H), at Nashville, Tenn., July 31, ’64. 



406 



History of the Seventy-fifth Regiment. 



Vance, William (Co. F), at Bowling Green, Ky., Jan. 17, ’63. 
Vernon, Edward (Co. H), at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 28, ’63. 

Voight, Edward T. (Co. K), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 7, ’63. 
Waldron, Reuben (Co. C), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 17, ’63. 

Walker, Alford (Co. A), at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 30, ’62. 

Weasner, Greer (Co. A), at Chattanooga, Tenn., Mar. 4, ’64. 
Weaver, Samuel L. (Co. H), at Indianapolis, Ind,, July 18, ’63. 
West, Edward (Co. F), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 27, ’63. 
Whitestine, Geo. M. (Co. E), at Decherd’s Station, Tenn., July 21, ’( 
Whitwright, David S. (Co. E), at Vicksburg, Miss., Aug. 17, ’63. 
Wilkerson, Isaiah (Co. H), at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 12, ’62. 
Williams, William N. (Co. E), at Munfordsville, Ky., Mar. 2, ’63. 
Williams, Uriah (Co. F), at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 21, ’63. 
Wilmington, Oliver C. (Co. K), at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 25, ’63. 
Wilson, John S. (Co. K), at Tullahoma, Tenn., July 4, ’63. 
Wolford, James M. (Co. F), at Bowling Green, Ky., Sept. 28, ’62. 
Woods, Edward (Corporal, Co. I), at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 26, ’62. 
Woods, Joel R. (Co. I), at Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 20, ’62. 
Zintsmaster, John (Co. H), at Antioch, Ind., Mar. — , ’65. 



ROSTER, 



SEVENTY-FIFTH INDIANA 

INFANTRY VOLUNTEERS. 



EXPLANATION. 



This Roster has been prepared with all possible 
care. Every available source of information has 
been used in the effort to make it correct. It is 
compiled from the Official Report of the Adjutant- 
General of Indiana, and from the Muster-out Rolls 
! in possession of several of the Captains of the Reg- 
iment, with additional corrections by intelligent 
members of the respective Companies. Hence it 
is as complete as it can be made. 

The words and abbreviation of words appearing 
directly after each name indicate the month , and 
the figures next following, the day of Muster. 
The initials mean, V. R. C., Veteran Reserve Corps; 
i E. C., Engineer Corps; S. C., Signal Corps; and 
M. B., Marine Brigade. The term, “ Mustered 
out,” means mustered out with Regiment, June 8th, 
1865, at the close of the war. 



408 



Roster of the Regiment. 



ROSTER. 

FIELD OFFICERS. 

Original Field and Staff. 

Reynolds, Joseph J., Colonel, not mustered; promoted Brig.-Gen., Sept. 17, ’62. 
Pettit, John U., Colonel, resigned Oct. 24, ’62. 

O’Brien, William, Lieut.-Col., Aug. 20, ’62, Brevet-Colonel, wounded at Chicka- 
mauga, Ga., Sept. 20, ’63, and at Peach-tree Creek, Ga., July 20, ’64; mustered 
out Lieutenant-Colonel. 

McCole, Cyrus J., Major, Brevet-Lieut.-Col., Aug. 20, ’62, wounded in hip, Feb. 25, 
’64, near Rocky Face Ridge, Ga., and at Kenesaw Mountain, Ga.; mustered out 
Major. 

O’Brien, William, Adjutant, July 18, ’62, promoted Lieut.-Col. 

Cowgill, Calvin, Regimental Quartermaster, Aug. 20, ’62, resigned Sept. 27, ’62. 
Arthur, Christopher S., Surgeon, Aug. 20, ’62, resigned Sept. 11, ’64. 

White, James B., Ass’t Surgeon, Aug. 4, ’62, mustered out. 

Buck, Robert H., Ass’t Surgeon, Sept. 16, ’62, resigned Apr. 23, ’63; re-entered 
service as Surgeon in 1 1 8th Regiment. 

Boyden, Orville B., Chaplain, Oct. 14, ’62, resigned Feb. 15, ’63. 

Promotions in Field and Staff. 

Robinson, Milton S., Colonel, Nov. 3, ’62, from Lieut.-Col. of 47th Ind. Regiment; 
resigned Mar. 29, ’64. 

O’Brien, William, Lieut.-Col., promoted from Adjutant. 

McCole, Cyrus J., Major, promoted from Captain. 

Medsker, James C., Adjutant, Aug. 20, ’62, promoted from 1st Lieutenant; mustered 
out. 

Wainwright, William A., Quartermaster, Sept. 29, ’62, promoted from Sergeant; 
appointed Captain and A. Q. M., U. S. A. 

McGuire, Sidney, Quartermaster, Mar. 15, ’64, promoted from Private; mustered out. 
Shaffer, Abner H., Surgeon, Nov. 16, ’64, promoted from Ass’t Surgeon; mustered 
out. 

Dale, John, Chaplain, July 16, ’63, resigned Dec. 4, ’63. 

LINE OFFICERS. 

Original Captains. 

Steele, Samuel, resigned Apr. 7, ’64. 

Montgomery, Isaac H., resigned Mar. 12, ’64. 

Bryant, Francis M., mortally wounded at Missionary Ridge, died of wounds Dec. 
2, ’63. 

McCole, Cyrus J., promoted Major. 

Wall, David H., resigned Nov. 30, ’62. 

Arthur, Christopher S., promoted Surgeon. 

Smith, Joseph T., mustered out. 

Jones, William O., resigned Dec. 30, ’62. 

Floyd, Mahlon H., mustered out. 

Karnes, Sanford R., mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



409 



Promotions to Rank of Captain. 

McMillen, Isaac N., promoted from 1st Lieutenant, mustered out. 

Ellis, Thomas A., promoted from 1st Lieutenant, mustered out. 

Polson, Irvin, promoted from 1st Lieutenant, mustered out. 

Butler, John H., promoted from 1st Lieutenant, resigned Dec. 22, ’62. 

Bauchert, John, promoted from 1st Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Elliott, David L., promoted from 2d Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Stanton, John S., promoted from 1st Lieutenant, resigned Aug. 28, ’64. 

Lewis, Joseph, promoted from 2d Lieutenant; mustered out. 

McGinness, William, promoted from 1st Lieutenant, wounded at Chickamauga, Ga. 

Sept. 20, ’63, captured and died a prisoner Aug. 31, ’64. 

Wilkerson, William M., promoted from 1st Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Original First-Lieutenants. 

Wheeler, Harry H., resigned Dec. 6, ’63. 

Shaw, George L., resigned Dec. 1, ’62. 

Medsker, James C., promoted Adjutant. 

Butler, John H., promoted Captain. 

Goode, George W., resigned Feb. 1, ’63. 

Stanton, John S., promoted Captain. 

Frazer, John B., died July 4, ’63. 

McGinness, William, promoted Captain. 

Peed, Thomas J., resigned Dec. 22, ’62. 

Starbuck, James A., mustered out. 

Promotions to Rank of First-Lieutenant. 

McMillen, Isaac N., promoted from Sergeant. 

Stitt, William S., promoted from 2d Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Parker, Noah W., promoted from 2d Lieutenant, resigned Feb. 12, ’63. 

Ellis, Thomas A., promoted from 2d Lieutenant. 

Gates, Wesley, promoted from Sergeant; mustered out. 

Downs, Daniel D., promoted from 2d Lieutenant, resigned Aug. 1, ’63. 

Polson, Irvin, promoted from 2d Lieutenant. 

Payne, Samuel W., promoted from Orderly Sergeant, resigned Apr. 19, ’64. 

Lair, Jacob, promoted from Sergeant; mustered out. 

Bauchert, John, promoted from 2d Lieutenant. 

Williams, Cincinnatus B., promoted from 2d Lieutenant, resigned Mar. 9, ’64. 
Conklin, Anthony M., promoted from 2d Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Beatty, Robert B., promoted from Sergeant, resigned Feb. 22, ’64. 

Zehrung, John W., promoted from 2d Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Rush, Abraham C., promoted from 2d Lieutenant, resigned Dec. 22, ’62. 

McGriff, Guisbert W., promoted from Sergeant, resigned Apr. 16, ’64. 

Robbins, Charles W., promoted from Private; mustered out. 

Chamness, John W., promoted from Sergeant, wounded at Chickamauga, resigned 
Mar. 31, ’64. 

2 7 



4io 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Hilligoss, William J., promoted from Sergeant; mustered out. 

Wilkerson, William M., promoted from 2d Lieutenant. 

Riley, William, promoted from 2d Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Colburn, Cora C., promoted from 2d Lieutenant; mustered out. 

Leonard, Henry R., promoted from Orderly Sergeant, resigned Oct. 22, ’63. 

Original Second-Lieutenants. 

Wilson, William H., resigned Jan. 22, ’63. 

Parker, Noah W., promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Downs, Daniel D., promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Bauchert, John, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Goshorn, Jacob S., resigned Nov. 13, ’62. 

Rush, Abraham C., promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Philpott, William L., resigned Dec. 12, ’62. 

Collins, John B., promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Richardson, James W., resigned June 24, ’63. 

Todd, Uriah, transferred to Engineer Corps. 

Promotions to Rank of Second-Lieutenant. 

Dutton, George F., promoted from Orderly Sergeant, resigned Oct. 22, ’63. 

Stitt, William S., promoted from Private. 

Ellis, Thomas A., promoted from Sergeant. 

Montgomery, Jefferson H., promoted from Sergeant. 

Polson, Irvin, promoted from Sergeant. 

Williams, Cincinnatus B., promoted from Orderly Sergeant. 

Conklin, Anthony M., promoted from Sergeant. 

Elliott, David L., promoted from Orderly Sergeant. 

Zehrung, John W., promoted from Private. 

Underwood, Jesse T., promoted from Orderly Sergeant, resigned Jan. 27, ’63. 
Lewis, Joseph, promoted from Sergeant. 

Carr, Samuel H., promoted from Orderly Sergeant, resigned May 29, ’63. 
Wilkerson, William M., promoted from Orderly Sergeant. 

Riley, William, promoted from Sergeant. 

Colburn, Cora C., promoted from Sergeant. 

Promoted, but for Various Reasons Not Mustered. 

O’Brien, William, Colonel, from Lieut.-Colonel. 

McCole, Cyrus J., Lieut. -Col., from Major. 

Floyd, Mahlon H., Major, from Captain. 

Tumbleson, Francis M., Ass’t Surgeon, from Private. 

Sweeney, James W., 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Cooper, John N., 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Holton, George W., 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Essington, Marion W., 2d Lieutenant, from Sergeant, wounded at Chickamauga 
Sept. 19. ’63, discharged Jan. 8, ’65. 

Burns, Richard J., 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 



Roster of the Regiment . 41 1 

Crum, Jacob W., 2d Lieutenant, from Sergeant; died as Sergeant, Mar. 16, >63. 
Keller, William, 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Black, Charles, 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Chamness, John W., 2d Lieutenant, from Sergeant. 

McMahan, Joel W., 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Collins, John B., 1st Lieutenant, from 2d Lieutenant; resigned as 2d Lieutenant, 
Jan. 17, ’63. 

Colburn, Cora C., Captain, from 1st Lieutenant. 

Gwinn, Joseph, 1st Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Floyd, David B., 2d Lieutenant, from Sergeant. 

Miller, William B.. 2d Lieutenant, from Orderly Sergeant. 

Officers Mustered Out with Regiment. 

June 8, 1865. 

Lieut.-Col., William O’Brien; Major, Cyrus J. McCole; Adjutant, James C. 
Medsker; Regimental Quartermaster, Sidney McGuire; Surgeon, Abner H. 
Shaffer; Ass’t Surgeon, James B. White. 

A Company, Captain, Isaac N. McMillen; 1st Lieutenant, William S. Stitt. 

B Company, Captain, Thomas A. Ellis; 1st Lieutenant, Wesley Gates. 

C Company, Captain, Irvin Polson; 1st Lieutenant, Jacob Lair. 

D Company, Captain, John Bauchert; 1st Lieutenant, Anthony M. Conklin. 

E Company, Captain, David L. Elliott; 1st Lieutenant, John W. Zehrung. 

F Company, Captain, Joseph Lewis; 1st Lieutenant, Charles W. Robbins. 

G Company, Captain, Joseph T. Smith; 1st Lieutenant, William J. Hilligoss. 

H Company, Captain, William M. Wilkerson; 1st Lieutenant, William Riley. 

I Company, Captain, Mahlon H. Floyd; 1st Lieutenant, Cora C. Colburn. 

K Company, Captain, Sanford R. Karnes; 1st Lieutenant, James A. Starbuck. 

Non-Commtssioned Staff Mustered Out with Regiment. 
Commissary-Sergeant, James Reeder. 

Sergeant-Major, Elisha Mills. 

Hospital Steward, Francis M. Tumbleson. 

Principal Musician, Abner W. Ross. 

Regimental Color Bearers. 

Jacob Lair, James Stewart, Thomas P. Henderson. 

[One of the color bearers — James Stewart — was killed.] 

Color Guards. 

Allen Hutchens, A Company. 

Lewis E. Pickerell, D Company. 

Samuel Liggett, H Company. 

John Sperry, I Company. 

[Three of the Color Guards — Hutchens, Liggett and Sperry — were wounded,] 



412 



Roster of the Regiment. 



The Regimental Flags. 

Both the Stars and Stripes and Battle Flag were pierced by musket balls at various 
times; at Chickamauga a piece of shell cut through both flags, and another piece of 
shell struck the staff of the Stars and Stripes, which badly marred it ; and the staff 
of the Stars and Stripes was struck twice by bullets. In their torn and mutilated 
draperies both flags bear memorials of many and well-contested fields. In their de- 
fense many soldiers of the Seventy-fifth Regiment shed their blood and laid down 
their lives. 



Roster of the Regiment. 413 

A COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited at Wabash, Lagro, New Holland, America, Dora 
La Fontaine, Somerset, in Wabash county, July and August, 1862. It left the city of 
Wabash with 3 commissioned officers and 96 enlisted men.] 

Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captains — Samuel Steele, Aug. 19, ’62; resigned Apr. 7, ’64. 

Isaac N. McMillen, Apr. 21, ’64; returned home with Regiment. 
jst Lieutenants — Harry H. Wheeler, Aug. 19, ’62; resigned Dec. 6, ’63. 

Isaac N. McMillen, Jan. 1. ’64; promoted Captain. 

William S. Stitt, Apr. 26, ’64; returned home with Regiment. 
2d Lieutenant* — William H. Wilson, Aug. 19, ’62; resigned Jan. 22, ’63. 

George F. Dutton, Feb. 2, ’63; resigned Oct. 22, ’63. 

William S. Stitt, Feb. 9, ’64; promoted 1st Lieutenant. 
Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Dutton, George F., July 19, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Sergeants — McMillen, Isaac N., July 25, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Park, David, July 22, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 4, ’63, of wounds 
received at Chickamauga. 

Royer, Eli, July 24, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 21, ’63. 

Ply, John W., July 24, discharged Dec. 16, ’64. 

Corporals — Rerrick, Levi, July 25, discharged Mar. 6, ’64. 

James, Henry, July 21, killed at Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Smith, Jesse W., Aug. 1, left the Company Oct. 25, ’62. 

Pairan, Adolph, July 21, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Oliver, John W., July 25, mustered out. 

Cassey, John, July 23, mustered out. 

Squires, John, July 25, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Ohmart, John, July 25, mustered out as Private. 

Musicians — Holt, Henry C., July 29, mustered out. 

Holt, Albert, July 29, mustered out. 

Wagoner — Flinn, Richard E., July 25, mustered out. 

Privates — Antrim, Cornelius, July 25, died at Louisville, Ky., Aug. 13, ’63. 

Baker, Calvin, Aug. 16, left the Company Oct. 28, ’62, joined 4th Ohio 
Battery. 

Beam, Solomon R., July 28, mustered out. 

Berry, Thomas, Aug. 1, discharged Feb. 17, ’63. 

Bowman, Eli W., Aug. 1, mustered out as Corporal. 

Brady, John, July 28, mustered out as Corporal. 

Brown, George W., Aug. 14, mustered out. 

Brownfield, Robert M., Aug. 14, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., June 29, 
’64, of wounds, received at Resaca. 

Brubaker, Arthur, July 25, mustered out as Corporal. 

Clupper, Christ, July 23, mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. ■ 



4*4 



Dowel, Jacob, Aug. 2, died at Scottsville, Ky., Jan. 29, ’63. 

Drake, John H., July 24, transferred to V. R. C., July 1, ’63. 

Duncan, James, July 24; mustered out. 

Engart, Levi, July 29, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., of wounds, Feb. 1 1 
’64. 

Eviston, Thomas, July 25, discharged Jan. 20, ’63. 

Foy, William A., July 25, died at Louisville, Ky., July 26, ’63. 
Freeman, Lemuel, July 23; mustered out. 

Gochenour, William D., July 30; mustered out. 

Grant, George W., July 24, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 29, ’63. 
Graves, John, July 21 ; mustered out. 

Groshon, John, July 19; mustered out. 

Gurtner, Christ, July 26; mustered out. 

Hesaton, John, July 25 ; mustered out. 

Higgins, John, Aug. 2, discharged Oct. 25, ’62. 

Holderbaum, James, Aug. 14, transferred to Engineer Corps, July 29, ’64. 
Hughes, John T., July 23, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 11, ’63, of 
wounds received at Chickamauga. 

Hummer, Henry, July 30, mustered out. 

Hutchens, Allen, Aug. 1, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out as 
Sergeant. 

Hutzel, Edward, July 21, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., of wounds, 
Jan. 8, ’64. 

Hutzel, Hezekiah, July 21, mustered out as Corporal. 

Inman, Philip, Aug. 4, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 24, ’63. 

Jackson, Elias, July 31, discharged May 24, ’65. 

Jeffry, Hiram H., July 23, transferred to V. R. C., Feb. 16, ’64. 

Jones, Matthew J., July 25, mustered out. 

Keesey, George W., Aug. 2. discharged Sept. 27, ’64. 

Kiser, James, July 25, transferred to Company K, 42d Ind. Vols. 

Lackey, Amos, July 23, mustered out. 

Laub, John, July 22, discharged Mar. 1, ’63. 

Lawson, William A., Aug. 15, died a prisoner of war at AndersonviUe, 
Aug. 14, ’64. 

Lawson, James M., Aug. 11, died a prisoner of war at Danville, Va., 
Dec. 25, ’63. 

Lewis, Stephen, Aug. 12, mustered out. 

Luce, Elamander F., July 25, discharged June — , ’63. 

Martin, George W., July 24, mustered out. 

Martin, Lewellin, July 24, transferred to Engineer Corps, July 29, ’64. 
McDaniel, Wilson, July 21, died at Jeffersonville, Ind., Nov. 24, ’64. 
McDaniel, William R., July 23, mustered out. 

McGuire, Sidney, Aug. 12, mustered out as Regimental Quartermaster. 
McMamee, Naaman, Aug. 1, mustered out. 

McKinney, Cyrus J., July 25, mustered out. 

Morehead, Silas G., Aug. 11, severely wounded; mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 415 

Mote, John G., Aug. 16, mortally wounded at Kenesaw, Ga., June 22, 
’64; died at Kenesaw, Ga., June 23, ’64. 

Mote, William, Aug. 16, mustered out. 

Myers, Evans, July 24, transferred to V. R. C., Apr. 6, ’64. 

Newsbaum, Hezekiah, July 25, mustered out as Corporal^ 

Nixon, Milton F., Aug. 17, mustered out. 

Overman, William, July 25, mustered out. 

Overman, Eli H., Aug. 17, mustered out. 

Owen, Nathaniel, July 25, discharged Feb. 24, ’65. 

Palmer, George T., July 23, discharged Jan. 19, ’63. 

Purple, Sylvanus, July 23, transferred to V. R. C., Apr. 6, ’64. 
Reynolds, William R., Aug. 17, mustered out. 

Richardson, John L., July 24, transferred to Signal Corps, Oct. 22, ’63 
Ridgeway, John T., July 31, mustered out. 

Rief, Frederick, July 24, mustered out. 

Rosencrats, William, July 23, mustered out. 

Row, Adam, Aug. 20, mustered out. 

Slemmer, John, July 19, mustered out. 

Smith, Samuel L., July 22, discharged Feb. 27, ’63. 

Smith, Hiram, July 22, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Snideman, Michael, July 23, transferred to V. R. C, Apr. 6, ’63. 
Snideman, Jacob, Aug. 15, discharged Mar. 17, ’64. 

Southwick, Philip, Aug. 10, mustered out. 

Squires, William, July 24, mustered out. 

Stitt, William S., Aug. 11, promoted to 1st Lieutenant. 

Sweeney, James W., July 22, mustered out as Orderly Sergeant. 
Tweedy, John F., July 21, discharged Dec. 17, ’64. 

Walker, Alford, July 22, died at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 30, ’62. 
Watson, Isaac N., July 25, mustered out. 

Weasner, Greer, Aug. 10, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Mar. 4, ’64. 
Weller, Peter, July 25, mustered out as Corporal. 

Recruits — Ankerman, Abram, Jan. 16, ’64, died at Savannah, Ga., Mar. 14, ’65. 
Boxell, Newton J., Dec. 31, ’63. 

Brubaker, John W., Dec. 3, ’63. 

Cox, Levi H., Dec. 3, ’63. 

Fairchild, Addison M., Jan. 4, ’64. 

Harper, Samuel M., Dec. 29, ’63. 

Jackson, William A., Feb. 14, ’65. 

Julian, Isaac N., Feb. 14, ’65. 

Knott, William A., Dec. 31, '63. 

Miller, Henry P., Dec. 31, ’63. 

Parmer, George L., Jan. 9, ’64. 

Personett, William, Feb. 16, ’65. 

Robinson, Michael, Jr., Jan. 16, ’63. 

Smith, Samuel L., Sept. 3, ’63. 

Willoughby, Adoniram J., Jan. 9, ’64. 



416 



Roster of the Regiment. 



The above 14 recruits were transferred, June 8, ’65, to 42d Ind. Regiment. 
Young, William, Dec. 18, ’63, discharged Dec. 22, ’64. 

Summary A Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment * 52 

Transferred 23 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 15 

Died of disease 10 

Died of wounds 5 

Officers resigned 4 

Killed in battle 2 

Died prisoners of war 2 

Left Company without leave 2 



5 



Roster of the Regiment . 417 

B COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from the counties of Tipton and Clinton during the 
month of July, 1862. It left the town of Tipton with 3 commissioned officers and 
98 enlisted men.] 

Mustered out June 8, /86j. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captains — Isaac H. Montgomery, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Mar. 12, ’64. 

Thomas A. Ellis, Sept. 22, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 

1 st Lieutenants — George L. Shaw, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Dec. 1, ’62. 

Noah W. Parker, Dec. 10, ’62, resigned Feb. 12, ’63. 

Thomas A. Ellis, Feb. 23, ’63, promoted Captain. 

Wesley Gates, Sept. 22, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 

2d Lieutenants — Noah W. Parker, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Thomas A. Ellis, Dec. 11, ’62, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 
Jefferson H. Montgomery, Feb. 25, ’63, resigned May 30, ’63. 

Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Gates, Wesley, July 17, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Sergeants — Montgomery, Jefferson H., July 17, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

King, Wesley, July 17, captured at Chickamauga, Ga.; mustered out. 
Ellis, Thomas A., July 17, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Coy, Francis, July 17, died at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 17, ’62. 

Corporals — Bouse, William A., July 17, mustered out. 

Evans, Duzan C., July 17, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Simmons, William, July 17, mustered out. 

Wagaman, John P., July 17, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 
Frazier, James A., July 17, mustered out. 

Justice, Nelson J., July 17, promoted 1st Lieutenant, Co. E, 155th Ind. 
Rood, Alpheus N., July 17, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Allen, Benjamin J., July 17, discharged Feb. 18, ’63. 

Privates — Baldwin, Charles L., July 23, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 
Ballard, James P., July 17, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 1, ’63. 
Ballenger, George J., July 28, mustered out. 

Batterton, James W., July 28, wounded at Chickamauga and near At- 
lanta; mustered out as Corporal. 

Barnett, James, July 28, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 
Barnett, William J., July 28, mustered out as Corporal. 

Bowlin, Christopher C., July 17, wounded at Chickamauga; discharged 
on account of wounds, Jan. 15, ’64. 

Boyer, John, July 28, died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 23, ’64, 

Bright, William B., July 23, transferred to V. R. C., Jan. 4, ’64. 
Burnham, William, July 17, discharged May 3, ’63. 

Burris, Thomas F., July 17, mustered out. 

Burris, James E., July 28, mustered out. 

Campbell, James M., July 23, mustered out. 



418 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Carn, John, July 17, discharged Feb. 18, ’63. 

Cook, William J., July 17, transferred to Engineer Corps, Aug. — , ’64. 
Coons, William T., July 17, discharged Jan. 5, ’63. 

Cooper, John N., July 28, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Cooper, Stanley, July 17, mortally wounded at Chiclcamauga ; died Sept. 

21, ’63, in Field Hospital, Crawfish Springs, Tenn. 

Coy, James, July 17, mustered out. 

Davidson, Richard, July 17, died at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 12, ’62. 

Deal, Henry, July 28, transferred to V. R. C., July 1, ’63. 

Dutcher, James, July 28, discharged Feb. 27, ’63. 

Eagy, John S., July 28, discharged Mar. 25, ’63. 

Endicott, George W., July 28, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 27, ’63. 
Finney, James W., July 17, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Mar. 4, ’63. 

Finney, James, July 17, discharged Aug. 4, ’63. 

Fleetwood, William, July 28, died at Bledsoe, Tenn., Dec. 21, ’62. 
Fleetwood, Levi J., July 28, mustered out. 

Folson, William, July 23, discharged Jan. 6, ’63. 

Furry, Louis B., July 17, mustered out. 

Furry, William M., July 28, died at Nashville, Tenn., July 1, ’64. 
Gallagher, Francis, July 17, mustered out. 

Gallemore, Elisha, July 28, severely wounded at Mission Ridge; dis- 
charged Feb. 13, ’65. 

Gallemore, Asa, July 28, mustered out. 

Goar, James M., July 17, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 6, ’63. 

Goar, Levi V., July 28, left the Company, Dec. 18, ’62. 

Gooding, Avry, July 23, transferred to V. R.C., Dec. 20, ’63. 

Gordon, Jacob N., July 1 7, mustered out. 

Hampton, Henry, July 17, discharged Jan. 5, ’63. 

Harton, John, July 17, discharged Mar. 25, ’63. 

Havens, Isaac A., July 17, discharged Feb. 18, ’63. 

Havens, David F., July 17, mustered out. 

Hawkins, Daniel R., July 17, discharged Feb. 25, ’63. 

Hedges, Francis M., July 17, mustered out. 

Hefflin, Reuben T., July 17, mustered out. 

Herron, Daniel, July 17, severely wounded at Smithfield, N. C.; mus- 
tered out. 

Herron, Silas, July 28, mustered out. 

High, Anthony, July 28, mustered out. 

High, John, July 28, discharged Feb. 18, ’63. 

Holloway, James, July 17, wounded near Marietta, Ga.; mustered out. 
Hosier, Allen W., July 28, mortally wounded in front of Atlanta, and 
died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Aug. 15, ’64. 

Hutson, Solomon, July 28, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 12, ’63. 

Lett, Thomas H., July 28, transferred to V. R. C., Jan. 13, ’65. 

Level, Robert, July 17, transferred to V. R. C., Aug. 1, ’63. 

Little, Isaac H., July 28, mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



419 



Long, Thomas, July 17, transferred to V. R. C., July 1, ’63. 

McNeal, William, July 23, mustered out. 

McSharp, James, July 28, mustered out. 

Morris, David, July 17, left the Company, Dec. — , ’62. 

Morris, William P., July 23, left the Company, Dec. — , ’62. 
Musgrove, Samuel K., July 17, mustered out. 

Myers, Gideon L., July 28, discharged Jan. 17, ’63. 

Norman, James, July 17, mustered out. 

Patton, Calvin, July 28, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Peacock, Eli, July 23, left the Company, Nov. — , ’62. 

Perry, Jasper N., July 23, transferred to V. R C., Aug. 1, ’63. 

Pitzer, Isaac, July 17, wounded at Hoover’s Gap, June 24, ’63; mus- 
tered out. 

Ploughe, Jacob, July 28, discharged Feb. 25, ’63. 

Ploughe, Abraham, July 28, transferred to V. R. C., July 1, ’63. 

Potter, Merrit E., July 28, mustered out. 

Ross, Francis M., July 17, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 5, ’62. 

Snyder, Henry B., July 17, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Stanley, Calvin, July 17, mustered out. 

Stanley, Jacob, July 17, discharged Mar. 11, ’63. 

Summers, William H., July 28, mustered out. 

Tucker, John, July 17, transferred to V. R. C., July 1, ’63. 

Wagaman, William- F., July 17, discharged Feb. 8, ’63. 

Ward, Erastus B., July 28, mustered out. 

Weed, William P., July 17, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Wheeldon, Pleasant, July 1 7, mustered out. 

Williams, Jefferson, July 28, mustered out. 

Wiley, William Y., July 17, mustered out as Corporal. 

Wright, Jasper, July 17, mustered out. 

Yoke, Michael, July 17, left the Company, Mar. — , ’63. 

Recruits — Barnham, William, Jan. 25, ’64. 

Bolen, John B., Dec. 14, ’63. 

Bouse, Isaac N., Jan. 15, ’64. 

Evans, Samuel J., Jan. 15, ’64. 

Gardner, Eli, Mar. 23, ’64. 

Hancock, Harrison, Jan. 1, ’64. 

Jones, William E., Jan. 1, ’64, missing at Louisville, Ga. 

Krider, Joseph, Mar. 23, ’64. 

Little, Joseph F., Dec. 14, ’63. 

Scott, Ellis H., Jan. 1, ’64. 

Stevens, Isaac W., Jan. 20, ’64. 

Wilson, Woodson W., Jan. 15, ’64. 

The above 12 recruits were transferred, June 8, ’65, to 42d Indiana Regiment. 

Dellinger, John C., Jan. 15, ’64; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 19, 
’64. 



420 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Furny, David G., Jan. 21, ’64, died at Ringgold, Ga., Apr. 10, ’64. 
Hooten, Albert R., Jan. 1, ’64, died at Chattanooga. Tenn., Mar. 2, ’64. 
Mouldeny, James R., Jan. 1, ’64, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., July 15, ’64. 
Merrill, Henry C., Jan. 4, ’64, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 22, ’64. 
Merrill, Martin S., Jan. 4, ’64, died at Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 22, ’64. 

Pare, Redin D., Jan. 15, ’64, died at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 5, ’64. 

Rood, Isaac A., Mar. 4, ’64, died near Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 17, ’64. 
Scripture, John W., Jan. 4, ’64, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 24, ’64. 

Summary B Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 48 

Transferred 23 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 18 

Died of disease 22 

Died of wounds 1 

Officers resigned 4 

Killed in battle 1 

Left Company without leave 5 



122 



Roster of the Regiment. 



421 



C COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from Howard county, chiefly from the town of 
Kokomo, during July and August, 1862. It left Kokomo with .3 commissioned 
officers and 91 enlisted men.] 

Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captains — Francis M. Bryant, Aug. 19, ’62, mortally wounded at Missionary 
Ridge, Nov. 25, ’63, died Dec. 2, ’63. 

Irvin Polson, Jan. 28, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 

1st Lieutenants — James C. Medsker, July 31, ’62, promoted Adjutant. 

Daniel D. Downs, Aug. 20, ’62, resigned Aug. 1, ’63. 

Irvin Polson, Sept. 1, ’63, promoted Captain. 

Samuel W. Payne, Jan. 28, ’64, resigned Apr. 19, ’64. 

Jacob Lair, July 1, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 

2d Lieutenants — Daniel D. Downs, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Irvin Polson, Aug. 20, ’62, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Payne, Samuel W., July 5, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Sergeants — Polson, Irvin, July 6, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Lair, Jacob, July 6, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Payton, Abraham, July 5, left the Company Dec. 27, ’62. 

McClure, Samuel R., July 8, discharged Sept. 1, ’63. 

Corporals — Smith, Samuel O., July 5, mustered out. 

Oldham, James, July 8, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 2, ’63. 
Kelley, Arland O. D., July 26, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Henderson, Thomas P., July 26, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Rayborn, Hayden H., July 7, wounded at Chickamauga; taken pris- 
oner; discharged June 29, ’64, as Sergeant. 

Reeder, Walter Scott, July 15, mustered out as Private. 

Arnett, Edward, July 20, discharged May — , ’63. 

Cox, Mark, July 20, discharged Jan. 12, ’63. 

Musician — Beneway, Albert B. (Al. Walton), Sept. 1, taken prisoner at Chicka- 
mauga; mustered out. 

Privates ■ — Adamson, Isaac R., July 26, mustered out. 

Bates, Leander, July 26, 'transferred to V. R. C., Aug. 26, ’63. 

Batson, Alexander, July 26, transferred to V. R. C., Jan. 27, ’63. 

Bird, James, July 15, killed at battle Missionary Ridge, Nov. 25, ’63. 
Boswell, William H., July 26, mustered out. 

Boyd, Jacob, July 15, transferred to V. R. C., Oct. 29, ’63. 

Brewer, John M., July 26, mustered out. 

Brewer, George M., Aug. 13, discharged Mar. 6, ’63. 

Bright, Emsley, July 30, died at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 15, ’63. 
Browning, William, July 26, mustered out. 

Burris, Eli, July 15, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 20, ’63. 



422 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Bartsfield, William H., July 26, mustered out. 

Coate, John G., July 26, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 27, ’65. 

Cox, David M., July 15, died a prisoner of war at Richmond, Va., Feb, 
16, ’64. 

Dearinger, James, July 15, wounded in the mouth at Chickamauga; 
mustered out. 

Ellet, James, July 15, died at home, Feb. 20, ’63. 

Faner, George, Aug. 18, transferred to V. R. C, Sept. 26, ’63. 

Fay, John, July 12, died at Louisville, Ky., Dec. 7, ’63. 

Freeman, Edward W., July 10, mustered out. 

Gallion, James, Aug. 5, transferred to V. R. C., Feb. 11, ’64. 

Harvey, Randolph, July 30, left the Company, Aug. 20, ’62. 
Henderson, George W., July 10, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 
26, ’63. ’ 

Hinkle, Jacob, July 26, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 20, ’63. 

Hodson, John M., July 18, died at Nashville, Tenn. 

Holton, George W., July 18, mustered out as Orderly Sergeant. 

Hope, Wilt jam S., July 18, discharged Dec. 5, ’63. 

Hope, Nathan A., July 18, mustered out. 

Hooten, Moses, July 15, discharged Dec. — , ’62. 

Hooten, Enoch, July 15, discharged Jan. 27, ’63. 

Huff, Benjamin, Aug. 5, died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 21, ’63. 

Hulse, James A., July 18, died near Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 1, ’63. 
Hutson, David, July 26, discharged Feb. 14, ’63. 

Hutson, Azariah, July 26, mustered out. 

Jenkins, Oliver, July 26, transferred to V. R. C., Mar. 13, ’65. 

Jones, Henry, Aug. 1, died at Scottsville, Ky., Jan. 5, ’63. 

Kidden, James E., July 26, wounded in left arm and shoulder at Chicka- 
mauga; discharged Jan. 19, ’64. 

King, Loren G., July 20, wounded in thigh at Chickamauga; transferred 
to V. R. C., Apr. 28, ’64. 

Knox, Joseph, July 20, discharged Mar. 25, ’63. 

Knox, William H., July 20, mustered out as Corporal. 

Lane, James, July 10, mustered out. 

Latta, David S., Aug. 14, transferred to V. R. C., Feb. — , ’64. 
Lennington, John C., July 26, discharged Nov. 13, ’63. 

Lennington, David F., July 26, discharged Sept. 13, ’63. 

Lowder, Silas, July 26, transferred to V. R. C. Apr. 6, ’63. 

Markum, Wm. H. H., July 26, discharged Jan. 31, ’63. 

McClure, Samuel, July 26, died at Bowling Green, Ky., Dec. n, ’62. 
McConnell, Enos K., July 26, discharged Dec. — , ’63. 

McGraw, William H., Aug. 5, mustered out. 

Morgan, James, July 26, transferred to V. R. C., Feb. 6, ’64. 

Myers, Henry, July 15, died at Lebanon, Ky., Sept. 5, ’62. 

Odum, Michael, July 26, left the Company, Sept. 2, ’62. 

Poff, Allen M., Aug. 18, died at Louisville, Ky., Oct. 11, ’62. 

Parris, John S., July 26, mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



423 



Piercy, Henry J., Aug. 8, left the Company, Sept. 20, ’62. 

Quinn, James R., July 20, wounded in left shoulder at Chickamauga; 
mustered out. 

Raines, Isaac, Aug. 18, mustered out. 

Ricks, James M., July 20, mustered out. 

Ridgley, Daniel, July 20, mustered out. 

Robinson, Solomon, July 20, discharged Feb. 2, ’63. 

Rodgers, Matt., July 20, mustered out. 

Rodgers, Levi, July 26, mustered out. 

Smiley, John, July 26, died at New Albany, Ind., Oct. 30, ’62. 

Snow, Alexander, July 26, left the Company, Sept. 1, ’62. 

Stephens, Hiram, July 26, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 23, ’63. 
Stephens, Joseph, July 26, mustered out. 

Stringer, Thomas J., July 26, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 6, ’63. 
Stringer, William J., July 26, discharged Jan. 2, ’63. 

Sturgeon, Taylor, Aug. 1, mustered out as Corporal. 

Templin, Richard, July 26, died at home, Feb. 28, ’64. 

Thorington, James, Aug. 6, died a prisoner of war, Richmond, Va., 
Feb. 21, ’64. 

Troyer, Jonathan, July 26, discharged Apr. 20, ’63. 

Waldron, Reuben, July 20, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 17, ’63. 
Weaver, George W t ., July 26, mustered out as Corporal. 

Weaver, Samuel B., July 17, wounded in foot at Chickamauga; mus- 
tered out. 

Whistler, James B., July 26, wounded and taken prisoner at Chicka- 
mauga, died at Atlanta, Ga., a prisoner, Nov. I, ’63. 

W 7 ilkinson, Benjamin F., July 26, mustered out. 

Woodruff, Christian, July 26, discharged Jan. 20, ’63. 

Recruits — Medsker, Joseph A., Jan. 6, ’64. 

Medsker, William L., Nov. 30, ’64. 

Two recruits transferred to 42d Indiana Regiment. 



Summary C Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 

Transferred 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 

Died of disease 

Died of wounds 

Officers resigned 

Killed in battle 

Died prisoners of war 

Left Company without leave 



13 

19 

20 

1 

2 
1 

3 
5 



424 



Roster of the Regiment. 

D COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from the towns of Noblesville, Cicero, Strawtown, 
and Westfield, in Hamilton county, during July and August, 1862. It left Nobles- 
ville with 3 commissioned officers and 99 enlisted men.] 

Mustered out jfune 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captains — Cyrus J. McCole, Aug. 19, ’6 2, promoted Major. 

John H. Butler, Aug. 20, ’62, resigned Dec. 22, ’62. 

John Bauchert, Jan. 20, ’63, returned home with Regiment. 

1 st Lieutenants — John H. Butler, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted Captain. 

John Bauchert, Aug. 20, ’62, promoted Captain. 

Cincinnatus B. Williams, Jan. 20, ’63, resigned Mar. 9, ’64. 
Anthony M. Conklin, Apr. 1, ’65, returned home with Regiment. 
2d Lieutenants — John Bauchert, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Cincinnatus B. Williams, Aug. 20, ’62, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 
Anthony M. Conklin, Jan. 24, ’63, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

‘Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Williams, Cincinnatus B., July 18, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 
Sergeants — Wainwright, William A., July 15, promoted Quartermaster. 

Conklin, Anthony M., July 25, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Essington, Marion W., July 16, wounded in bowels at Chickamauga; 
discharged Jan. 8, ’65, 

Lutz, John, July 18, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 21, ’63. 

Corporals — Williamson, William H., July 18, mustered out as Private. 

Miesse, Adam, July 10, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Mills, Elisha, July 20, mustered out as Sergeant-Major. 

Hardy, William E., July 27, mustered out as Private. 

Burns, Richard J., July 15, mustered out as Orderly-Sergeant. 
Thompson, Ananias, July 15, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Leonard, John R., July 15, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out as 
Sergeant. 

Pickerell, Lewis E., July 16, mustered out as Private. 

Musicians — Lamb, John S., Aug. 5, mustered out. 

Burke, Andrew H., July 17, discharged Jan. 5, ’63. 

Wagoner — Durflinger, Philip, July 18, died at Louisville, Ky., Nov. — , ’62. 
Privates — Ackles, Harmon, July 16, mustered out. 

Alberding, Frederick, July 16, died at Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 10, ’64. 
Barnhizer, Jacob, July 15, died at Stevenson, Ala., June 17, ’63. 
Bartholomew, Wm. H. H., July 15, mustered out. 

Barth, Charles, July 15, mustered out. 

Barth, William H., July 15, discharged Feb. 3, ’64. 

Boon, Joseph, July 22, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 

Booth, Isaac, Aug. 5, mustered out. 

Burcham, Pinson, July 15, transferred to V. R. C, Aug. 1, ’63. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



425 



Burns, John E., Aug. 20, died at Nashville, Tenn., July 11, ’64. 

Burris, Daniel, July 28, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. — , ’63. 
Burroughs, John H., Aug. 5, mustered out. 

Campbell, Milton L., July 28, mustered out. 

Caylor, Henry M., Aug. 8, mustered out as Corporal. 

Conklin, Joseph, Aug. 8, killed at Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 7, ’64. 

Corryden, Jerry, July 22, mustered out. 

Dale, Nathaniel C., July 27, mustered out. 

Davenport, James M., Aug. 5, discharged Oct. 12, ’64. 

Dow, Henry S., Aug. 5, died at Bowling Green, Ky., Dec. — , ’62. 
Driggens, John, Aug. 9, discharged Jan. 17, ’63. 

Emmons, Lucius H., July 18, captured at Hartsville, Tenn., mustered out. 
Essington, James G., July 18, mustered out. 

Fisher, Philip O., July 27, died at Louisville, Ky., Sep,. 12, ’62. 

Gibson, Randolph, July 28, discharged Feb. 15, ’64. 

Grissom, James, July 25, discharged Nov. 5, ’62. 

Grissom, Henry, July 25, discharged Jan. 9, ’63. 

Gunn, Simpson, July 23, died at Jeffersonville, Ind., Jan. 9, ’64. 

Hamble, Alvin, July 19, discharged Jan. 7, ’63. 

Hardesty, Joseph, July 18, mustered out. 

Hare, Alexander, July 26, mustered out. 

Harper, William, July 18, discharged Feb. 8, ’63. 

Hess, Calvin, July 22, mustered out. 

Hushour, William H., Aug. 5, mustered out as Corporal. 

Jackson, George W., July 16, transferred to V. R. C.,Dec. 16, ’63. 
Jacobs, William H., July 24, discharged Dec. 19, ’62. 

Jacobs, Isaac, July 24, discharged Feb. 13, ’64. 

Jacobs, Joseph P. H., July 24, died at home, Mar. 31, ’64. 

Jacobs, Martin, July 24, discharged May 8, ’63. 

Johnson, David F., July 18, mortally wounded at Chickamauga, died at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 22, ’63. 

Kelly, Jonathan, July 18, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Lamb, Salathiel, Aug. 5, wounded at Chickamauga, discharged Dec. 3, 
’63. 

Lane, Julius W. S., July 23, discharged Jan. 1, ’63. 

Lewis, Hiram, July 18, mustered out. 

Lewis, Marshall, July 18, discharged May 27, ’63. 

Loveall, Andrew, July 17, transferred to Marine Brigade. 

Lutz, Eli C., July 17, mustered out. 

Lynch, Jeremiah, July 22, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out as 
Sergeant. 

Mallery, Garrick, July 18, died at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 13, ’62. 
Malsby, John C., July 28, died a prisoner of war at Richmond, Va., 
Dec. 1, ’63. 

Metsker, Louis G., July 17, mustered out. 



426 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Meisee, Abram B., July 18, died at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 27, ’62. 

Meisee, Nathan, July 18, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 27, ’63. 

Munsell, Henry, July 18, mustered out. 

McCoy, William F., July 28, transferred to V. R. C., July 1, ’63. 

Myers, Samuel, July 18, died at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 28, ’62. 

Northam, James W., Aug. 5, transferred to V. R. C., Apr. 10, ’64. 

O’Brien, John, July 18, discharged Dec. — , ’63. 

Oldaker, Florence, July 18, discharged Dec. 12, ’62. 

Proctor, Joseph M., July 20, discharged Feb. 15, ’63. 

Randall, Eli, July 18, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 16, ’63. 
Randall, Phinehas, July 18, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 16, ’63. 
Randall, Sy-lvanus, July 18, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 1 1, ’63. 
Reynolds, Henry, July 18, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Scott, Winfield, July 23, discharged May 28, ’63. 

Scott, John A., July 23, died at Scottsville, Ky., Nov. 20, ’62. 

Scott, John, July 28, left the Company, Sept. 23, ’62. 

Stewart, Jesse, July 18, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Stewart, Evan, Aug. 5, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Smith, Wit.liam, July 25, transferred to V. R. C., Feb. 16, ’64. 
Stephenson, Joseph, July 18, mustered out. 

Stephenson, Eli, July 15, died at Decherd’s Station, Tenn., July 29, ’63,. 
Stitch, George W., July 18, mustered out. 

Stone, Earl S., July 29, wounded at Chickamauga and at Kenesaw 
Mountain; mustered out. 

Stuber, John, July 18, mustered out. 

Swain, Thomas P., July 29, discharged Oct. 3, ’63. 

Thompson, William, July 29, mustered out as Corporal. 

Trissal, John, July 26, discharged Jan. 6, ’63. 

Tucker, Daniel W., Aug. 7, transferred to V. R. C., Apr. 30, ’64. 

Wade, Andrew, July 18, mustered out. 

Wescott, Edward, July 18, discharged Nov. 10, ’63. 

Worley, Asa, July 18, left the Company, Sept. 18,. ’62. 

Wrenn, Joseph, July 18, mustered out as Corporal. 

Wright, Jerry, July 18, mustered out. $ 

Recruits — Carey, Samuel W., Jan. 15, ’64. 

Cutts, Adam, Dec. 23, ’63. 

Cutts, Levi, Dec. 23, ’63. 

Denny, Elias, Jan. 27, ’64. 

Dreher, Gustave, Feb. 15, ’64. 

Lloyd, Joseph, Jan. 25, ’64, wounded at Resaca, Ga. 

Mills, William N., Jan. 4, ’64. 

Reynolds, Francis M., Apr. 6, ’64. 

Reedy, Hiram, Jan. 27, ’64. 

The above 9 recruits were transferred June 8, 1865, to the 42d Ind. 

Pickett, John, Feb. 8, ’64, left the Company, Aug. 6, ’64. 



Roster of the Regiment. 427 

Summary D Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 43 

Transferred 18 

Discharged on account of disability and wounc's 23 

Died of disease 19 

Died of wounds 1 

Officers resigned , 2 

Killed in battle 2 

Died prisoners of war 1 

Left Company without leave 3 



428 



Roster of the Regiment. 

E COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from the towns of Huntington, Warren, and Markle, 
in Huntington county, and Bluffton, in Wells county. It was enrolled on the ist 
day of August, 1862. It left Warren with 3 commissioned officers and 97 enlisted 
men.] 

Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captains — David H. Wall, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Nov. 30, ’62. 

David L. Elliott, Feb. 25, ’63, wounded in left leg at Chickamauga, re- 
turned home with Regiment. 

ist Lieutenants — George W. Goode, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Feb. 1, ’63. 

Robert B. Beatty, Feb. 25, ’63, resigned Feb. 22, ’64. 

John W. Zehrung, Apr. 1, ’65, returned home with Regiment. 

2d Lieutenants — Jacob S. Goshorn, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Nov. 13, ’62. 

David L. Elliott, Nov. 25, ’62, promoted Captain. 

John W. Zehrung, Apr. 23, ’63, promoted ist Lieutenant. 

. Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Elliott, David L., promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Sergeants — Frame, Abner D., discharged Feb. 27, ’63. 

Wolfe, Henry, mustered out. 

Allman, Enos, mustered out. 

Beatty, Robert B., promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Corporals — Way, Kilbourne F., mustered out as Private, wounded at Chickamauga. 
Hallman, George W., mustered out. 

Hixon, James, discharged Jan. 27, ’63. 

Pugh, David M., mustered out as Private. 

Braden, John, mustered out. 

Irwin, William M., mustered out as Sergeant. 

Shaw, Vestal C., discharged Mar. 3, ’63. 

Nevins, Harvey, discharged Jan. 26, ’63. 

Musician — Ware, William, mustered out. 

Wagoner — Hull, Martin, mustered out. 

Privates — Barnes, John, transferred to V. R. C. Sept. 26, ’63. 

Barnum, Benjamin B., wounded near Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 5, ’64, mustered 
out as Corporal. 

Barton, John F., wounded in front of Ft. Negley, Chattanooga, Sept. 24, 
’63, mustered out. 

Beard, Andrew, died at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 1, ’62. 

Beck, William, transferred to V. R. C. Oct. 29, ’63. 

Bennett, Columbus A., killed at Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, ’63. 

Black, Jacob D., mustered out. 

Bippus, John, discharged Feb. 18, ’63. 

Brinneman, Madoria, discharged Feb. 5, ’63. 

. Boyden, Orville B., promoted Chaplain. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



429 



Brown, Edmund H., prisoner of war 14 months; mustered out. 
Calhoon, Edward, mustered out. 

Cline, Samuel, discharged Mar. 25, ’63. 

Coffman, Jacob, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 14, ’64; mustered out. 
Coffman, Jonas, wounded in hip at Chickamauga; mustered out as 
Sergeant. 

Crandall, Elihu, wounded in right hand at Chickamauga, Ga.; mus- 
tered out as Corporal. 

Crum, Jacob W., died as Sergeant at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 16, ’63. 
Deaver, Thomas, killed at Missionary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 25, ’63. 

Eubank, David, wounded in leg at Utoy Creek; mustered out. 

Fields, William, wounded at Buzzard Roost, Ga.; discharged as Cor- 
poral, Mar. 24, ’65. 

First, Josiah H., discharged Mar. 10, ’63. 

Foust, Adam, wounded in face at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Foust, Jonathan, mustered out. 

Greenwood, Thomas, mustered out. 

Harrold, William A., mustered out. 

Harrold, Albert, wounded in arm at Buzzard Roost, Ga.; mustered 
out. 

Harrold, Lewis, run over by battery at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Heaston, Israel H., mustered out. 

Hettinger, Henry, transferred to 1st U. S. Vet. Engineers, July 29, 
’64. 

Hoover, Levi, mustered out. 

Housman, Charles L., mustered out. 

How, Abram, discharged Dec. 24, ’63. 

Huff, Sylvester, mustered out. 

Jackson, Samuel J., mustered out. 

Jellison, John, mustered out. 

Jellison, James, mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died Sept. 23, ’63. 
Johnson, Joseph F., wounded in left thigh at Chickamauga; mustered 
out. 

Karnes, Allen, mustered out. 

Keller, William, mustered out as Orderly Sergeant. 

Luckey, William C., died at New Albany, Ind., Dec. 11, ’62. 

Mason, Noah C., died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 11. ’63. 

McFadden, Ross, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 28, ’63. 

Miller, Enoch, discharged June 20, ’63. 

Milner, Matthew H., mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died Sept. 
21, ’63. 

Morgan, William H., transferred to 1st U. S. Vet. Engineers, July 29, 
’64. 

Morrison, John W ,' mustered out. 

Myers, Stephen H., wounded at Atlanta, Ga., June 21, ’64; discharged 
Mar. 5, ’65. 



430 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Nevins, George, mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died Oct. 29, ’63. 
Pasco, William, mustered out. 

Poorman, David, died at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 14, ’63. 

Pressel, David, mustered out as Corporal. 

Ransell, William H., mustered out as Corporal. 

Reasor, George W., discharged Apr. 1, ’63, as Sergeant; re-enlisted in 
34th Ind.; killed at Champion Ilills, Miss. 

Riggs, John J., wounded in left hand at Missionary Ridge; mustered out. 
Risk, James N., mustered out. 

Ruse, Jesse, mustered out. 

Saylor, Levi S., killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 

Shideler, Joseph, died at Nashville, Tenn., Mar. 1, ’63. 

Shull, William Y., died at Bowling Green. Ky., Nov. 12, ’62. 

Shull, Jacob H., mustered out. 

Slusher, Leander C., died a Corporal at Willett’s Point, N. Y. Harbor, 
Apr. 8, ’65. 

Smith, Stephen A., transferred to V. R. C., Aug. 12, ’63. 

Smith, Benjamin, mustered out. 

Smith, Theodore, mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., Oct. 31, ’63. 

Smith, George F., wounded in leg at Chickamauga, mustered out. 
Smith, James M., mustered out. 

Stephens, James E., mustered out. 

Thomas, Isaac M., mustered out as Wagoner. 

Trout, Henry, wounded in leg at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Van Fossen, James J., transferred to V. R. C., Sept. 26, ’63. 

Wake, Daniel, discharged Dec. 5, ’62. 

Wearley, Richard H., discharged Feb. 12, ’63. 

Wells, Samuel, mustered out. 

Whitelock, David, discharged Dec. 19, ’62. 

Whitwright, David S., died at Vicksburg, Miss., Aug. 17, ’63. 
Whitestine, George M., died near Deckerd Station, Tenn., July 21, ’63. 
Williams, William H., mustered out. 

Williams, William N., died at Munfordsville, Ky., Mar. 2, ’63. 

Winders, David, mustered out. 

Williamson, Andrew, mustered out. 

Wright, George N., transferred to V. R. C., Apr. 22, ’64. 

Zehrung, John W., promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Recruits — Albertson, William H., Jan. 27, ’64, died at New Albany, Ind., .Feb. 
17/65. 

Baker, John, Jan. 27, ’64. 

Barton, William R., Jan. 27, ’64. 

Ford, Henry C., Jan. 5, ’64. 

Lewis, Benjamin F., Jan. 27, ’64. 

The above 4 recruits were transferred to 42d Indiana Regiment. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



43 1 



Bilbee, Andrew P., Jan. 27, ’64, wounded in hand at Calhoun, Ga., dis- 
charged Sept. — , ’65. 

Shull, John S., Jan. 27, ’64, died near Stone Mountain, Ga., Nov. 17, ’64. 
Smith, Nathaniel F., Jan. 27, ’64, died at Nashville, Tenn., Mar. 31, ’64. 



Summary E Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 5-2 

Transferred 13 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 17 

Died of disease 15 

Died of wounds 4 

Officers resigned 4 

Killed in battle 3 



108 



432 Roster of the Regiment, 

F COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from the towns of Pennville, West Chester and Jay 
C. H., in Jay county, during the months of July and August, 1862. It left the county 
with 3 commissioned officers and 95 enlisted men.] 

Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captains — Christopher S. Arthur, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted Surgeon. 

John S. Stanton, Aug. 21, ’62, resigned Aug. 28, ’64. 

Joseph Lewis, Nov. 4, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 

1st Lieutenants — John S. Stanton, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted Captain. 

Abraham C. Rush, Aug. 21, ’62, resigned Dec. 22, ’62. 

Guisbert W. McGriff, Dec. 31, ’62, resigned Apr. 16, ’64. 

Charles W. Robbins, Nov. 5, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 
2d Lieutenants — Abraham C. Rush, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Jesse T. Underwood, Aug. 21, ’62, resigned Jan. 27, ’63. 

Joseph Lewis, Feb. 13, ’63, promoted Captain. 

Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Underwood, Jesse T., Aug. 12, promoted 2d lieutenant. 
Sergeants — McGriff, Guisbert W., July 19, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Lewis, Joseph, July 21, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Hardy, John, Jr., July 26, mustered out. 

Hammitt, Oliver H. P., July 26, transferred to Marine Brigade, Mar. 

7 > ’ 63 - 

Corporals — Walling, Henry V., July 28, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Getz, Henry, July 19, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Boyd, John P., Aug. 12, died at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 27, ’63. 

Henry, David, July 26, mustered out as Sergeant. 

DeHuff, Solomon, July 26, mustered out. 

Stewart, James, July 19, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 
Arbrough, William, July 31, mustered out. 

Bennett, Charles E., Aug. 12, died at Camp Dennison, O., Feb. 15, ’62. 
Musicians — Hyde, Alexander, July 21, mustered out as Corporal. 

Miller, William, July 28, discharged Feb. 23, ’63. 

Wagoner — Place, William A., July 28, mustered out. 

Privates — Baird, Elias T., July 21, died of wounds at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 
21, ’63. 

Baker, Aaron, July 31, mustered out as Corporal. 

Binegar, James W., July 31, mustered out. 

Black, Charles A., July 19, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Brown, Simon, July 26, discharged Jan. 24, ’63. 

Burris, Albert, July 31, mustered out. 

Butterworth, Charles S., July 19, mustered out. 

Cartwright, Thomas J., July 21, mustered out. 

Collett, Francis A., July 31, mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



433 



Collins, Harvey, July 20, mustered out. 

Craig, Joseph A., Aug. 22, mustered out. 

DeHuff, Eli, July 26, discharged Feb. 26, ’63. 

Dixon, Samuel W., July 31, mustered out. 

Elliott, Samuel M., July 21, mustered out. 

Fait, Timothy F., July 28, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, ’63. 

Farris, David, July 21, discharged Mar. 4, ’63. 

Force, Samuel A., July 26, mustered out. 

Fullmer, Charles M., Aug. 12, transferred to V. R. C. Feb. 28, ’64. 
Ginger, Lewis, July 21, mustered out. 

Gray, Libben R. B., Aug. 12, discharged Feb. 25, ’63. 

Green, Justice, July 19, died at Portland, Ind., Nov. 20, ’63. 

Hammett, George W. July 31, discharged Sept. 20, ’64. 

Hardy, John, Sr., July 31, discharged June 30, ’63. 

Haynes, Edward J., Aug, 12, mustered out as Corporal. 

Heminger, William R., Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Heminger, David, Aug. 6, transferred to Eng. Corps July 9, ’64. 
Heminger, Joseph, July 21, transferred to V. R. C. Feb. 15, ’64. 
Hickman, Nathan B., July 19, discharged Feb. 28, ’63. 

Hoskins, Enos, Aug. 12, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 28, ’63. 

Hughes, Charles, Aug. 12, mustered out. 

Jellison, Ephraim, July 31, mustered out. 

Keen, Thomas C., July 26, discharged Apr. 15, ’64. 

Kinsey, George H., July 29, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, ’63. 

Kunce, Henry, July 19, discharged Aug. 9, ’63. 

Larick, Francis M., July 21, mustered out. 

Larick, Isaac M., July 31, killed at Kenesaw Mountain June 18, ’64. 
Loyd, Richard, July 31, killed at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, ’63. 
McCartney, George, July 19, mustered out. 

McClellan, William H., July 26, died at New York City June 15, ’65. 
McKinstry, John, July 26, discharged Sept. 4, ’63. 

Mendenhall, Aaron J., July 28, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 
3°> ’63- 

Meredith, John, July 28, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 30, ’63. 
Michaels, Robert, July 19, mustered out. 

Moon, Francis, July 19, mustered out. 

Odell, Perry, Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Pax on, Mahlon J., July 31, mustered out. 

Porter, James, July 31, killed at Kenesaw Mountain June 18, ’64. 

Reed, Enos T., Aug. 19, discharged Jan. 19, ’63. 

Register, Seth, July 28, died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 22, ’63. 

Riley, David, Aug. 6, killed at Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 18, ’64. 
Rencenberger, Robert, Aug. 20, discharged Feb. 9, ’63. 

Robbins, Charles W., July 28, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Russell, Jesse J., July 21, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 28, ’63. 



434 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Sage, John W., July 19, transferred to V. R. C., mustered out. 

Schmitt, Jacob, July 31, died at Louisville, Ky., Nov. 2, ’62. 

Shelton, Stephen, July 19, discharged Sept. 4, ’63. 

Shirk, John, July 31, mustered out. 

Shirk, George, Aug. 12, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Mar. 8, ’63. 

Smith, James A., July 19, mustered out. 

Smith, William F., July 31, mustered out. 

Smith, Spencer L., July 31, mustered out. 

Stanton, Charles E., July 19, died at Ringgold, Ga., Mar. 9, ’64. 
Stephen, Charles A., Aug. 9, mustered out as Corporal. 

Strain, Alexander, July 31, mustered out. 

Sullivan, Everett W., Aug. 12, discharged Jan. 22, ’64. 

Thompson, Cornelius, Aug. 12, died at New York, Jan. 17, ’65. 

Thorp, William W., Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Underwood, William R., July 31, discharged Oct. 21, ’62. 

Vail, William C., July 19, mustered out .as Corporal. 

Vance, William, Aug. 12, died at Bowling Green, Ky., Jan. 17, ’63. 
Walters, John, July 31, mustered out. 

West, Edward, July 28, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 27, ’63. 
West, Henry F., July 28, mustered out as Corporal. 

Whitaker, I. Newton, July 28, mustered out. 

Wible, Samuel H., July 31, mustered out. 

Williams, Uriah, Aug. 12, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 21, ’63. 
Wilson, William H., Aug. 5, left the Company, .Sept. 12, ’62; belonged 
to an Ohio Regiment. 

Wolford, James M., Aug. 12, died at Bowling Green, Ky., Sept. 28, ’62. 
* Wolford, Jacob H., Aug. 12, mustered out. 

Recruit — Hardy, Moses D., Feb. 11, ’64, died at Nashville, Tenn., May 28, ’64. 

Summary F Company. 



Mustered out with Regiment 47 

Transferred 6 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 16 

Died of disease 17 

Died of wounds 1 

Officers resigned 4 

Killed in battle 7 

Left Company without leave I 



99 



435 



Roster of the Regiment. 

G COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from various parts of Madison county during the 
months of July and August, 1862. It left Quincy with 3 commissioned officers and 
94 enlisted men.] 

Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captain — Joseph T. Smith, Aug. 19, ’62, returned home with Regiment. 
jst Lieutenants — John B. Frazer, Aug. 19, ’62, died July 4, ’63. 

John W. Chamness, Sept. 6, ’63, resigned Mar. 31, ’64. 

William J. Hilligoss, Apr. 26, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 
2d Lietitenants — William L. Philpott, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Dec 12, ’62. 

Samuel H. Carr, Jan. 8, ’63, resigned May 29, ’63. 

Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Carr, Samuel H., July 30, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Sergeants — Hilligoss, William J., July 28, wounded at Chickamauga; promoted 
1st Lieutenant. 

Overshiner, George M., July 30, discharged May 19, '65. 

McMahan, Joel W., July 26, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out 
as Orderly Sergeant. 

Chamness, John W., July 30, wounded at Chickamauga; promoted 1st 
Lieutenant. 

Corporals — Metcalf, Stephen, July 26, transferred to Eng'r Corps, July 29, ’64. 
Boyden, Ransome D., July 30, mustered out. 

Hilligoss, George N., July 28, discharged Mar. 20, ’64. 

Clymer, Daniel H., July 30, mustered out as Private. 

Reeder, James, July 28, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Powell, James E., July 30. mustered out. 

Harman, Luther C., July 30, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 27, ’63. 

Ross, Abner W., July 30, mustered out as Principal Musician. 

Wagoner — Carpenter, Simpson, July 28, mustered out. 

Privates — Bartlett, Robert A., July 26, discharged Feb. 27, ’63. 

Bowden, Edward, July 26, discharged May 17, ’63. 

Briggs, Thomas, Aug. 4, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Briggs, John A., Aug. 11, mustered out. 

Burress, Andrew G., July 30, mustered out. 

Call, Solomon C., Aug. 6, wounded at Chickamauga by piece of shell; 
mustered out. 

Carr, John J., July 28, mustered out. 

Childers, Francis N., July 28, discharged Nov. 9, ’62. 

Clary, Elmer, Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Custer, George W., Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Decker, Elias B., Aug. 13, mustered out. 

Doan, Courtland, July 30, mustered out. 

Dwiggens, Cyrus, July 28, mustered out. 



43 6 



Roster of the Regiment . 



Eaker, Jacob, July 28, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Mar. 4, ’63. 
Everling, Charles, July 30, mustered out. 

Everling, George O., Aug. 7, mustered out. 

Galaspie, Michael, July 30, mustered out. 

Hancher, John A., July 30, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 

Helm, Francis M., July 26, mustered out. 

Hillis, George, Aug. 8, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 13, ’63. 
Hillis, David E., Aug. 7, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 15, ’63. 
Hosier, Thomas H. D., July 28, mustered out. 

Hosier, Chancy, July 30, discharged Feb. 21, ’63. 

Hulce, George, Aug. 5, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 26, ’63. 
Ingram, Wiley, Aug. 13, mustered out. 

Ingram, Clement, July 30, discharged May 1, 63. 

Jackson, Martin, Aug. 8, mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 4, ’63. 

Jarrett, John R., Aug. 8, left the Company, Oct. 6, ’62. 

Jarrett, Joseph W., July 28, mustered out as Corporal. 

Johnson, William, Aug. 8, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Jones, Thomas, July 30, mustered out. 

Keller, John E., Aug. 11, mustered out. 

Lawson, George, July 28, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Mar. 29, ’63. 

Lawson, Henderson, July 30, mustered out. 

Lewark, Elijah, July 28, mortally wounded in front of Atlanta, Ga. , 
Aug. 5, ’64; died at Vining’s, Ga., Aug. 22, ’64. 

Lyst, Henry C., July 30, mustered out. 

Lyst, Thomas J., July 30, mustered out. 

Lyst, Samuel, July 30, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Mathes, William, July 28, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 20, ’63. 
McKee, John D., Aug. 13, wounded and taken prisoner at Chickamauga, 
Sept. 19, ’63; died in prison. 

McKinney, Robert, July 30, mustered out. 

McMahan, James, Aug. 13, discharged Jan. 12, ’63. 

McMahan, William W., Aug. 6, mustered out. 

McMahan, Samuel S., Aug. 6, wounded at Mission Ridge; mustered out. 
McIlfresh, Miles, Aug. 6, left the Company, Aug. 22, ’62. 

Miner, James M., Aug. 13, mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died 
Sept. 22, ’63. 

Moler, Lewis, Aug. 6, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Mounts, Benjamin F., Aug. 20, mustered out. 

Needham, Jackson, Aug. 8, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 
Nelson, John W., Aug, 8, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 20, ’63. 

O’Neal, Gegrge W., July 30, discharged Dec. 14, ’62. 

Overshiner, James M., Aug. 13, mustered out. 

Owen, Emanuel, July 26, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 22, ’63. 
Owen, George W., July 26, mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



437 



Piper, Silas G., July 30, transferred to Eng’r. Corps, July 29, ’64. 
Patterson, Thomas L., July 30, mustered out. 

Penniston, George T., Aug. 13, mustered out. 

Perkins, Chapman, July 26, left the Company Jan. 23, ’63. 

Perkins, Isaac H., July 26, mustered out. 

Perry, James R., July 30, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 21, ’63. 

Peters, Jacob, Aug. 13, killed at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, ’63. 

Rains, George W., Aug. 13, died at Jeffersonville, Ind., Feb. 16, ’65. 
Robbins, John, July 26, mortally wounded at Chickamauga, died Oct. 
I 5 >’ 6 3 - 

Ross, Albert J., Aug. 7, discharged Jan. 12, ’63. 

Simmons, John, Aug. 13, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 9, ’63. 

Sloan, Noah, July 28, mustered out. 

Smith, Wright, July 28, discharged Jan. 12, ’63. 

Snow, William, Aug. 6, mustered out as Corporal. 

Stan, John, A.ug. 13, discharged Oct. 23, ’62. 

Stansberry, Asel, July 26, died at Louisville, Ky., Aug. — , ’63. 

Stilley, Jesse W., July 29, discharged May 1, ’63. 

Thomison, Isaac W., Aug. 13, left the Company Jan. 23, ’63. 

Thompson, David T., Aug. 13, mustered out. 

Tracy, Grigsby, Aug. 13, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 22, ’63. 
Tranbarger, John W., July 28, discharged Jan. 12, ’63. 

Wann, William H., Aug. 6, left the Company Sept. 10, ’62. 

Waymire, David, July 28, mustered out. 

Waymire, Washington, Aug. 28, left the Company Dec. 1, ’62. 

Wilson, John U., July 28, died a prisoner of war at Andersonville, Ga 
June 24, ’64. 

Yohe, Daniel, July 30, mustered out. 

Summary G Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 48 

Transferred 2 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 14 

Died of disease 13 

Died of wounds 4 

Officers resigned 3 

Killed in battle - 5 

Died prisoners of war 2 

Left Company without leave 6 



97 



43 § 



Roster of the Regiment. 

H COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from the county of Huntington. It was enrolled on 
the 6th day of August, 1862. It left the county with 3 commissioned officers and 97 
enlisted men.] 

Mustered out yune 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captains — William O. Jones, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Dec. 30, ’62. 

William McGinness, Jan. 15, ’63, severely wounded at Chickamauga, 
Sept. 20, ’63, captured and died a prisoner of war at Savannah, Ga., 
Aug. 31, ’64. 

William M. Wilkerson, Dec. 20, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 

1 st Lieutenants — William McGinness, Aug. 19, ’62, promoted Captain. 

William M. Wiliceeson, Feb. 25, ’63, promoted Captain. 
William Riley, Dec. 20, ’64, returned home with Regiment. 

2d Lieutenants — John B. Collins, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Jan. 17, ’63. 

William M. Wilkerson, Jan. 8, ’63, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 
William Riley, Feb. 25, ’63, promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Wilkerson, William M., promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Sergeants — Riley, William, promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

Hays, Edmund B., discharged Apr. 1, ’63. 

Kelsey, Abner A., mustered out. 

Smith, Atchison, discharged Mar. 24, ’63. 

Corporals — Strock, Sylvester, mustered out as Orderly Sergeant. 

Mulrine, Peter, killed at battle of Chickamauga Sept. 20, ’63. 

Kincade, John, discharged Apr. 9, ’64. 

Iler, George W., killed at battle of Chickamauga Sept. 19, ’63. 

Bunnel, John, discharged Feb. 15, ’63. 

Wilkerson, Jonathan L., mustered out as Sergeant. 

Klingel, Hayman, discharged Apr. 23, ’63. 

Fultz, Doctor F., discharged Oct. 6, ’6*3. 

Musicians — Earlewine, Amos, discharged Feb. 16, ’63. 

Liggett, James, mustered out. 

Wagoner — Gaskill, Kyle, mustered out. 

Privates — Andrews, Wesley, died at Frankfort, Ky., Oct. 16, ’62. 

Arick, John, mortally wounded at Missionary Ridge Nov. 25, ’63, died 
Nov. 27, ’63. 

Barnes, Isaac, mustered out. 

Barnhouse, John H., transferred to V. R. C. Aug. 5, ’63. 

Barrett, William, mustered out. 

Biggs, James, mustered out as Corporal. 

Biggs, Henry, transferred to V. R. C. Jan. 15, ’64. 

Blossom, Ebenezer, wounded in Atlanta campaign, mustered out. 
Bowles, George F., mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 



439 



Bowman, Henry C., died at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 15, ’63. 

Buffington, Benson, mustered out. 

Butler, Bail, transferred to V. R. C., July 27, ’63. 

Chambers, Clark, mustered out. 

Chaney, Nathan, mustered out as Corporal. 

Chaney, John W., discharged Mar. 8, ’63. 

£ row, John, mustered out. 

Deafenbaugher, John, transferred to 13th Ind. Battery, Sept. 14, ’62. 
Dennis, Michael, wounded severely at Chickamauga; discharged Mar. 
3 > ’ 65 - 

Dew nr, Clark, wounded at battle of Chickamauga; discharged Jan. 6, 
’64. 

Dewitt, Thomas L., discharged Oct. 30, ’63. 

Douglass, James, severely wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Dowsman, George B., died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 28, ’63. 
Dunahoe, George, died at Bowling Green, Ky., Nov. 15, ’62. 

Dyre, John G., mustered out. 

Fitch, Lewis R., severely wounded at Chickamauga; discharged May, 
29, ’65. 

Fulhart, Peter, wounded at Chickamauga and at Missionary Ridge; 

transferred to V. R. C., Mar. 13, ’65. 

Funk, Henry, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 22, ’64. 

Garrett, Andrew, mustered out. 

Gaskill, Michael H., mustered out. 

Gatwood, Robert B., died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Aug. 12, ’63. 

Gift, Daniel, wounded near Atlanta, Ga.; transferred to V. R. C., Mar. 

’65- 

Golden, Patrick, discharged, Nov. 13, ’63. 

Hamilton, David, mustered out. 

Hatfield, Andrew, killed at battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 

Hettinger, John, discharged . — , ’64. 

HiXON, Ensley, wounded on Atlanta campaign; mustered out. 

Hixon, Linford, discharged Jan. 25, ’65. 

Hixon, Charles, discharged Apr. 1, ’63. 

Hosler, Peter, transferred to 13th Ind. Battery, Sept. 4, ’62. 

Joseph, Joshua C., wounded at Chickamauga; discharged Nov. 29, ’64. 
Kinnan, Isaac N., severely wounded at Chickamauga; discharged Apr. 
6, ’64. 

Knee, Valentine, mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died at Steven- 
son, Ala., Oct. 19, ’63. 

Kress, Walter B., lost an arm on Atlanta campaign; discharged Nov. 
29, ’64. 

Koonts, William, mustered out. 

Lengel, William H., discharged Aug. 7, ’63. 

Liggett, Samuel, wounded at Missionary Ridge; mustered out as Cor- 
poral. 



440 



Roster of the Regiment . 



Loop, Uriah J., wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 

Lowman, John H., died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 13, ’63. 

McClave, James, mustered out. 

Miller, George E., mustered out. 

Pearson, Samuel W., severely wounded at Chickamauga; transferred to 
V. R. C., Apr. 22, ’64 
Piatt, Benjamin F., mustered out. 

Rohrer, Christian, mustered out. 

Rinehart, James A., mustered out. 

Robinett, James, mustered out. 

Robinson, Joseph, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 1, ’63. 

Scott, Jackson, mustered out as Corporal. 

Settlemeyer, Charles, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Shoup, Daniel K., transferred to Enginner Corps, July 29, ’64. 

Sites, John, discharged Feb. 16, ’63. 

Slain, Hiram, severely wounded at Chickamauga; discharged June 29, 
’64. 

Smith, John, mustered out. 

Smith, Aaron, mustered out. 

Smith, Samuel, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., June 2, ’63. 

Swain, Isaac, transferred to V. R. C., Jan. 15, ’64. 

Swain, Jacob, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Thalles, Henry, discharged, Jan. 24, ’63. 

Thompson, John W., left the Company, Jan. 13, ’63. 

Thompson, John G., wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Trainer, John, discharged Feb. 27, ’63. 

Trainer, Thomas, died at Nashville, Tenn., July 31, ’64. 

Tumbleson, Francis M., mustered out as Hospital Steward, 

Vernon, Edward, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 28, ’63. 

Vernon, John, discharged July n, ’65. 

Waters, Matthew, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Weaver, Samuel L., died at Indianapolis, Ind., July 18, ’63. 

Welch, Dercy, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Wilkerson, Isaiah, died at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 12, ’62. 

Wilson, Francis J., mustered out. 

Yougher, James J., mustered out. 

Zintsmaster, John, died at home, Mar. — , ’65. 

Recruits — Boyd, Alexander V., Oct. 16, ’62, transferred to 42d Ind. Regiment, 
June 8, ’65. 

Carey, John, Sept. 13, ’62, mustered out. 

Favorite, James C., Sept. 13, ’62, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Fullum, Thomas J., Aug. 20, ’62, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 
Gaskill, Abraham T., May 29, ’64, transferred to 42d Ind. Regiment, 
June 8, ’65. 

Sturgeon, John W., Nov. 29, ’64, died at Fairfax Seminary, Va., May 2, 
’65. 



Roster of the Regiment. 441 

Summary H Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 44 

Transferred 13 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 24 

Died of disease 15 

Officers resigned 2 

Killed in battle 4 

Died prisoners of war 1 

Left Company without leave 1 

Died of wounds 2 

106 



29 



442 



Roster of the Regiment. 

I COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited in Hamilton county, from the towns of Noblesville, 
Clarksville, Strawtown, Shielville, and Walpole. The members enrolled on the 
14th, 15th, 1 6th and 20th of July, and on the 1st of August, 1862. It left Nobles- 
ville with 3 commissioned officers and 97 enlisted men.] 

Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captain — Mahlon H. Floyd, Aug. 19, ’62, returned home with Regiment. 

1 st Lieutenants — Thomas J. Peed, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned Dec. 22, ’62. 

Henry R. Leonard, Jan. 24, ’63, resigned Oct. 22, ’63. 

Cora C. Colburn, Nov. 9, ’63, returned home with Regiment. 

2d Lieutenant — James W. Richardson, Aug. 19, ’62, resigned June 24, ’63. 

Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Leonard, Henry R., promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Sergeants — Colburn, Cora C., promoted 1st Lieutenant. 

Granger, William L., mustered out as Private. 

Brooks, Nehemiah, discharged Feb. 3, ’63. 

Rambo, Thomas A., transferred to Engineer Corps July 30, ’64. 

Corporals — Gwinn, Joseph, mustered out as Orderly Sergeant. 

Richardson, John W., wounded July 20, ’64, at Peach Tree Creek, mus- 
tered out. 

Floyd, David B., mustered out as Sergeant. 

Lennin'gton, Jacob, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Good, Edward, died at Louisville, Ky., Nov. 28, ’62. 

Sperry, John, wounded at Utoy Creek, mustered out as Sergeant. 
Woods, Edward, died at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 26, ’62. 

Reynolds, William, mustered out as Private. 

Musician — Shay, John, discharged Dec. 6, ’62. 

Wagoner — Abner, John, mustered out. 

Privates — Alfrey, Isaac, discharged Nov. 15, ’62. 

Avery, James, discharged Jan. 6, ’63. 

Avery, Washington, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 

Baker, John, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 

Barnhizer, James D., left the Company Dec. 27, ’62. 

Bennett, Michael M., mustered out. 

Biddle, Artilleus, died at Tullahoma, Tenn., July 18, ’63. 

Blessing, Randolph, wounded in left arm and foot at Chickamauga, mus- 
tered out. 

Bock, Samuel, died a prisoner at Andersonville, Ga., Apr. 1 7, ’64, 

Booth, Franklin, discharged Oct. 4, ’62, re-enlisted in same Company 
Oct. 7, ’64, transferred to 42d Indiana Regiment. 

Brittenham, Joseph, discharged Feb 24, ’63. 

Brooks, Melvin, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 

Brown, William H., mustered out. 



Roster of the Regiment. 443 

Burcham, Calvin, prisoner of war, died at Annapolis, Md., May 30, ’64. 
Castetter, Daniel, mustered out. 

Castetter, Michael J., wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out as Cor- 
poral. 

Cline, Henry J., wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 

Commons, Robert B., drowned in Tennessee River Sept. 1, ’63. 

Cooper, Johnson, left the Company Oct. 6, ’62. 

Cornelius, Luther, mustered out. 

Criswell, Joseph, severely wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out as 
Corporal. 

Daily, Charles W., discharged Jan. 5, ’63. 

DeCamp, Samuel, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Detrick, Emanuel, discharged Feb. 23, ’63. 

Dyer, Josiah W., left the Company Dec. 15, ’62. 

Eaton, Thomas W., discharged May 8, ’63. 

Ellis, James, discharged Feb. 9, ’63. 

Evans, William, wounded at Chickamauga; died a prisoner of war at 
Andersonville, Ga., May 22, ’64. t 

Gerberick, George, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out as Cor- 
poral. 

Goin, Frederick P., mustered out. 

Good, Moses, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 

Harley, James, mustered out. 

Helms, James, transferred to V. R. C., Apr. 22, ’64. 

Helms, Abraham J., mortally wounded at Missionary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 

25, ’63; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 4, ’63. 

Humbles, William H., wounded at Chickamauga; discharged Apr. 
9, ’64. 

Holloway, Elisha, mustered out. 

Holloway, Jesse, transferred to V. R. C., Jan. 26, ’65. 

Johnson, Joseph, mustered out. 

Johnson, Swen, died at Nashville, Tenn., Apr. 9, ’63. 

Justice, William, discharged Dec. 30, ’62. 

Kinnaman, John H., mustered out. 

Kurtz, Byron, severely wounded at Chickamauga; taken prisoner; 
mustered out. 

Landers, Samuel, died a prisoner of war at Richmond, Va., Mar. 5, *64. 
Layton, Henry, left the Company Aug. 21, ’62; served in 36th Ind. 
Layton, Richard M., died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 11, ’63. 

Layton, John W., mustered out. 

Layton, Eli W., died at Bledsoe, Tenn., Dec. 20, ’62. 

Lednum, John W., died at University Place, Tenn., Aug. 13, ’63. 
Lennington, William W., discharged Mar. 23, ’63. 

Lilley, Abraham R., died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 19, ’63. 

Maybrey, Charles F., wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 



444 



Roster of the Regiment. 



McKinzie, Henry, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out as Corporal. 
Michael, Henry P., wounded at battle of Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Montgomery, Thomas A., died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 28, ’63, 
Moore, Elijah, mortally wounded at Chickamauga; died at Bridgeport, 
Ala., Nov. 24, ’63. 

Nelson, John, discharged Apr. 25, 63. 

Norris, John W., died at Castalian Springs, Tenn., Dec. 11, ’62. 
Passwater, Abraham, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out. 
Passwater, George W., wounded at Kenesaw Mountain; mustered out. 
Passwater, William H., mustered out. 

Peck, Abner, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn,, Apr. 15, ’63. 

Powell, John, wounded at Kenesaw Mountain; mustered out as Cor- 
poral. 

Rowles, Charles, mustered out. 

Sherman, John, mustered out. 

Sherman, Jeremiah, a prisoner of war, wounded at Peach Tree Creek, 
mustered out. 

Souders, William H., wounded at Missionary Ridge, mustered out as 
Corporal. 

Steller, Frederick, transferred to V. R. C. July 27, ’63. 

Stevenson, William, prisoner of war (escaped), mustered out. 
Stringfellow, Samuel C., mustered out. 

Stewart, Presley J., died a Sergeant at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Apr. 21, ’63. 
Summers, Elias, wounded at Utoy Creek, Ga., mustered out. 

Suppinger, Joseph, discharged Apr. 1 7, ’63. 

Swigert, Frederick, mustered out. 

Wallace, George W., mustered out. 

Webb, James W., wounded (accidentally) , discharged Mar. 21, ’63. 
Wene, Jezreel, mustered out as Corporal. 

White, Wesley S., discharged Mar. 11, ’63. 

Wildunner, Henry, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, ’63. 

Woods, Joel R, died at Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 20, ’62. 

Woods, Riley, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, ’63. 

Wyckoff, Hiram, discharged Mar. 7, ’63. 

Whetsell, William, transferred to V. R. C. July 27, ’63. 

Recruits — Brattain, Samuel, Feb. 17, ’64. 

Ottinger, Martin L., Feb. 27, ’64, wounded. 

Swigert, Abraham, Dec. 5, ’63. 

Valentine, James, Feb. 29, ’64. 

The above 4 recruits were transferred to 42d Indiana Regiment June 8, ’65. 

Smethers, Jonas O., Mar. 3, ’64, discharged . 

Smethers, Andrew, Dec. 5, ’63, died May 12, ’64. 



Roster of the Regiment . 445 

Summary I Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 47 

Transferred 10 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 19 

Died of disease 14 

Died of wounds 2 

Officers resigned 3 

Killed in battle 2 

Died prisoners of war 4 

Drowned I 

Left Company without leave 4 

106 






446 



Roster of the Regiment . 

K COMPANY. 

[This Company was recruited from the towns of Bluffton and Ossian in Wells, 
and Montpelier in Blackford county, during July and August, 1862. It left Bluffton 
with 2 commissioned officers and 99 enlisted men. 

Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Commissioned Officers. 

Captain — Sanford R. Karnes, Aug. 19, ’62, returned home with Regiment. 
ist Lieutenant — James A. Starbuck, Aug. 19, ’62, returned home with Regiment. 
ad Lieutenant — Uriah Todd, Aug. 19, ’62, transferred to Engineer Corps. 

Enlisted Men. 

Orderly Sergeant — Wiley, Benjamin F., Aug. 8, promoted Captain in Co. E, 153d 
Ind. 

Sergeants — Kenagy, Jacob V., July 25, mustered out. 

Ryan, John, Aug. 6, wounded and captured at Chickamauga; mustered 
out. 

Buckmaster, Samuel, July 26, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., July 2, ’64. 
Cartwright, John T., Aug. 4, died at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 22, ’63. 
Corporals — Routh, Levi R., Aug. 2, mustered out. 

Miller, William B., July 25, wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out 
Orderly Sergeant. 

Keagle, Levi, July 25, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Mority, Charles, 'Aug. 6, died at New Albany, Ind., Nov. 1, ’63. 
Beardsley, Calvin W., July 25, mustered out. 

Spake, James W., July 25, transferred to V. R. C., Nov. 1, ’63. 

Kellogg, Francis N., July 25, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Haines, Adam, Aug. 4, mustered out. 

Musicians — Craig, Harrison, July 25, transferred to Co. A, 47th Ind. 

Bixler, Oran F., Aug. 5, transferred to Signal Corps, Oct. 1, ’63. 
Wagoner — Cupp, William, July 26, died by poison at Louisville, Ky., Sept. 27, ’63. 
Privates — Ady, George W., Aug. 8, mustered out as Corporal. 

Allen, Thomas, July 28, died at Evansville. Ind., Jan. 27, ’64. 

Allen, Isaac, Aug. 8, mustered out. 

Anderson, Alexander, Aug. 6. wounded at Chickamauga; mustered out 
as Sergeant. 

Blount, James J., Aug. 6, discharged Mar. 9, ’63; re-enlisted and lost a 
leg. 

Boyle, Patrick, July 28, died at Ringgold, Ga., Mar. 29, ’64. 

Brickley, Andrew J., Aug. 4, mustered out. 

Brown, Joseph, July 30, discharged Jan. 12, ’63. 

Brown, William, July 30, killed at Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, ’64. 
Buckmaster, Richard W., July 26, mustered out. 

Burwell, James, July 25, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 9, ’63. 
Cartwright, Henry J., July 25, mustered out as Corporal. 

Case, Hamilton, Aug. 20, mustered out. 



Roster of ttie Regiment. 



447 



Craig, John H., Aug. 5, mustered out. 

Curry, James, July 28, discharged Feb. 27, ’63. 

Cutter, James E., July 30, transferred to Engineer Corps July 29, ’64. 
Davis, Robert W., Aug. 4, mustered out. 

Demond, John B., July 26, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 13, ’63. 

Donley, Samuel M., Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Duffey, Sealy, Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Elzy, John, July 30, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 

Fields, Isaac, July 25, wounded at Chickamauga, mustered out. 

Glass, George W., July 25, mustered out. 

Glendenning, Thomas, July 31, mustered out. 

Godfrey, James, Aug. 8, mustered out. 

Gorrell, Cyrus V., July 25, wounded in the eye at Hoover’s Gap June 
24, ’63, mustered out. 

Graham, John, Aug. 2, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 29, ’63. 
Griffin, Emanuel, July 25, mustered out. 

Hart, Jephthah, July 28, mustered out. 

Harter, Andrew J., July 25, killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, ’63. 

Hay, Isaac, Aug. 8, discharged Jan. 23, ’63. 

Hurt, George, July 25, discharged Feb. 23, ’63. 

Jennings, Orzon, Aug. 8, mustered out. 

Johnson, David, July 28, transferred to V. R. C. July 1, ’63. 

Jones, Samuel W., Aug. 6, transferred to V. R. C. July 1, ’63. 

Jones, Isaac, Aug. 8, mustered out. 

Karnes, Sanford H., July 25, mustered out. 

Kendall, .Benjamin B., Aug. 6, transferred to V. R. C. Nov. 1, ’63. 
Kendall, James H., Aug. 8, discharged Feb. 15, ’63. 

Lancaster, John W., Aug. 6, discharged Apr. 3, ’63. 

Lepper, Thomas P., Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Lew, Christian, Aug. 5, mustered out as Corporal. 

Mason, William, July 31, died at Scottsville, Ky., Dec. 7, ’62. 

Mason, Samuel, Aug. 2, discharged Jan. 10, ’63. 

McGeath, John, Aug. 6, wounded at Chickamauga, discharged May 
29, ’65. 

Miller, Jacob, Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Millikin, John C., July 30, mustered out. 

Mills, Warren P., Aug. 8, transferred to V. R. C. Aug. 1, ’63. 

Mosier, Abner, July 26, mustered out. 

Nevius, James, July 30, discharged Feb. 25, ’63. 

Perry, Adam, Aug. 8, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 5, ’63. 

Pine, Hiram, Aug, 6, mustered out. 

Pontious, John, July 31, mustered out. 

Porter, John T., Aug. 5, discharged Apr. 23, ’63. 

Powell, William, Aug. 5, died at Nashville, Tenn., July 4, ’63. 

Pryor, Solomon, July 26, mustered out. 

Ratliff, James, Aug. 8, mustered out. 



448 



Roster of the Regiment. 



Reed, James, July 28, mustered out. 

Rist, Royal V., July 31, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 16, ’63. 

Rischey, Thomas, July 26, discharged Apr. 4, ’65. 

Shigley, Willard L., Aug. 2, transferred to V. R. C. 

Shinn, James L., Aug. 6, wounded at Missionary’' Ridge, Nov. 25, ’6 3; 

discharged May 8, ’65, as Corporal. 

Shinn, Silas N., Aug. 6, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 30, ’63. 

Shinn, John M., Aug. 6, discharged Feb. 28, ’63. 

Simonton, George, Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Smith, Silas W., July 30, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 27, ’63. 
Starr, William W., Aug. 2, mustered out. 

Steffey, Azariah, Aug. 8, mustered out. 

Templeton, Warren, July 26, died at New Albany, Ind., Jan. 14, ’63. 
Templeton, Lewis, July 28, mustered out. 

Turner, Mark C., Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Twible, David, Aug. 6, killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, ’63. 

Unton, Peter, Aug. 4, left the Company, Mar. 16, ’63. 

Voight, Edward T., Aug. 4, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 7, ’63. 
Wagoner, Henry, Aug. 4, mustered out as Corporal. 

Wentz, Silas H., Aug. 2, mustered out. 

Wilcoxon, Daniel, Aug. 6, mustered out. 

Wilcoxon, Elias, Aug. 5, mustered out. 

Wilcoxon, George, Aug. 5, mustered out. 

Wilmington, Oliver C., Aug. 8, died at Gallatin, Tenn., Feb. 25, ’63, 
Wilson, Abraham T., Aug. 4, mustered out. 

Wilson, John S., Aug. 5, died at Tullahoma, Tenn., July 4, ’63. 

Wilson, Cyrus, Aug. 8, mustered out as Corporal. 

Recruits — Conner, Valentine. 

Fields, Benjamin. 

Hurst, James. 

Huss, J. H. H. 

Phillips, Hugh. 

Reaser, Cornelius. 

Shodle, Richard E. 

Smithson, Isaac W. 

Steffey, Philip A. 

Steffey, Henry T. 

Swathwood, John. 

Wade, Thomas. 

Wentz, William H. 

The above 13 recruits were mustered Mar. 7, ’64, all of whom were transferred to 
42d Indiana Regiment June 8, 1865, except the two Steffey boys, the former being 
discharged Nov. 10, ’64, and the latter transferred to V. R. C. 



Roster of the Regiment. 449 

Summary K Company. 

Mustered out with Regiment 54 

Transferred * 23 

Discharged on account of disability and wounds 15 

Died of disease 18 

Killed in battle 3 

Killed by poison 1 

Left Company without leave 1 

"5 



“ My task is done, my song hath ceased, my theme 
Hath died into an echo ; it is fit 
The spell should break of this protracted dream. 

The torch shall be extinguished which hath lit 
My midnight lamp, and what is writ is writ ; 

Would it were worthier! but I am not now 

That which I have been, and my visions flit 

Less palpably before me, and the glow 

Which in my spirit dwelt is fluttering faint and low. 

“ Farewell ! a word that must be and hath been, 

A sound which makes us linger ; yet, farewell! 

Ye! who have traced the pilgrim to the scene 
Which is his last, if in your memories dwell 
A thought which once was his, if on ye swell 
A single recollection, mot in vain 
He wore his sandal-shoon and scallop-shell ; 

Farewell! with him alone may rest the pain, 

If such there were, with you the moral of his strain!” 

— Byron. 



Finis. 



INDEX. 



A 

“A” Company, organization of, 12. 
Accident to 21st Ind. Battery, 114. 
Acworth, continuous fighting at, 288. 
Alexandria, Tenn., expedition to, 70. 
Amusing incident at Chickamauga, 169. 
Anxiety of our friends at home, 352. 
Appeals to the people of Georgia, 351. 
Appearance of Sherman’s Army at Golds- 
boro, 378. 

Army, Grant’s, at Chattanooga, organiza- 
tion of, 248. 

Army, Bragg’s, at Chattanooga, organiza- 
tion of, 260. 

Army, Sherman’s, strength of, on Atlanta 
campaign, 280. 

Army, Johnston’s, strength of, on Atlanta 
campaign, 280. 

Armistice to bury the dead, 296. 

Arsenal, drawing guns from, 19. 

Arsenal at Fayetteville destroyed, 375. 
Artillery duel, 292. 

Assault on Missionary Ridge, 229. 
Atlanta, fortifications of, 305. 

Atlanta, battle of, 305. 

Atlanta, encampment at, 325. 

Atlanta, burning of, 341. 

Averysboro, battle of, 376. 

B 

“B” Company, organization of, 13. 

Badge of 14th Corps, origin of, 47. 

Baird, Gen., assumed command of Divi- 
sion, 205. 

Baird’s Division sent to Sherman’s aid, 
228. 



Barnwell C. H., our Regiment at, 367. 
Battle, standing in line of, 36. 

Battle of June 18th, 1864, 291. 

Beginning of Atlanta campaign, 282. 
Bentonville, battle of, 377. 

Bivouac of the Dead (Poetry), 67. 
Bivouac of both armies at Chickamauga, 

I 5 I - 

Blackberries at Camp Winford, no. 
Bombardment of our works at Chatta- 
nooga, 202. 

Bowling Green, march to, 46. 

Bragg relieved of command, 271. 

Bragg’s army on west side of the Chicka- 
mauga, 133. 

Bragg’s misapprehension at Chattanooga, 
222. 

Breastworks, construction of, 290. 
Brigade, 40th, 75th Ind. with, 25. 

Brigade, 2d, breaking up of, 392. 

Brown’s Ferry, opening river at, 219. 
Bryant, Capt., mortally wounded, 245. 
Building fortifications under difficulties, 
292. 

“ Bull-pen” at Chickamauga, 173. 

“ Bummers” (Sherman’s) described, 348. 
Burke, Andrew H., 24. 

Burnt Hickory, guarding trains at, 288. 

c 

“C” Company, organization of, 13. 

Camp Oakland, encamped at, 22. 

Camp Winford, encamped at, 109. 
Campaign, Tullahoma, 92. 

Campaign, Atlanta, severity of, 330. 
Campaign of the Carolinas, 363. 



(451 ) 



452 



Index . 



Campaign of the Carolinas, what involved, I 

366. 

Campaign from Savannah to Goldsboro, 

379- 

Cannon captured at Missionary Ridge, 
240. 

Cape Fear River, last troops to cross the, 

376- 

Capture of four men in Co. I, 270. 

Carthage, Tenn., expedition to, 75. 

Cassville Station, 75th Ind. at, 287. 

Castalian Springs, Tenn., encamped at, 50. 

Casualties at Hoover’s Gap, 100. 

Casualties in Tullahoma campaign, 107. 

Casualties of Reynolds’ Division at Chick- 
amauga, 187. 

Casualties of Stewart’s Division at Chicka- 
mauga, 192. 

Casualties of battle of Look-out Mountain, 
228. 

Casualties of Sherman’s troops at Chatta- 
nooga, 229. 

Casualties of Baird’s Division at Mission- 
ary Ridge, 243. 

Casualties of Van Derveer’s Brigade at 
Missionary Ridge, 244. 

Casualties of Union forces at Chattanooga, 
266. 

Casualties of Confederate forces at Chat- 
tanooga, 267. 

Casualties in demonstration on Dalton, 

275- 

Casualties in 75th Ind. at Dalton, 274. 

Casualties in 75th Ind. (June 18th to 
26th, 1864), 294. 

Casualties at Peach Tree Creek, 302. 

Casualties at Utoy Creek (Aug. 4th~5th, 
1864), 312. 

Casualties in Atlanta campaign, 330. 

Casualties in Gleason’s Brigade, Baird’s 
Division, Atlanta campaign, 326. 

Casualties of battle of Bentonville, 378. 

Cavalry needed at Lebanon, Ky., 34. 

Chaplains, anecdotes of, 62. 

Charge of 75th Ind. at Chickamauga, 138. 

Charge of 105th Ohio at Chickamauga, 1 70. 



Charge of Reynolds’ Division to the rear 
at Chickamauga, 177. 

Charge on Missionary Ridge, 235. 

Charge at Jonesboro, 323. 

Chattanooga, first troops in, 123. 
Chattanooga, town of, 197. 

Chattanooga, battles around, 222. 
Chattahoochee River, crossing of the, 301. 
Cherokee Hill, encamped at, 365. 
Chickamauga battle, troops engaged in, 
125. 

Chickamauga battle, 1st day, 125. 
Chickamauga battle, 2d day, 152. 
Chickamauga battle, who fought at, 194. 
Christmas dinners at Castalian Springs, 58. 
Coincidence, a pleasing, 362. 

Columbia, S. C., burned, 369. 

Commons, Robert B., drowned, 121. 
Communications with home severed, 340. 
Company C guarding supply train, 279. 
Concussion of shell, killing three men, 292. 
Confederate Cavalry under Morgan, 33. 
Confederate armies under Bragg and 
Smith, 38. 

Confederate army in Tullahoma campaign, 

93- 

Confederate troops 75th Ind. fought at 
Chickamauga, 158. 

Confederate soldiers returning home, 386. 
Congregation in Chattanooga demoral- 
ized, 1 15. 

Conklin, Joseph, death of, 314. 

Critical situation of Union army at Chick- 
amauga, 129. 

Cumberland Mountains, movement over, 

II 5- 

D 

“D” Company, organization of, 14. 
Davis, Gen. Jeff. C., assumes command of 
Corps, 316. 

Dead, unburied at Chickamauga, 270. 
Demonstration Aug. 7th, 1864, 313. 
Demonstration on Dalton, 272. 

Deserters, novel way of aiding, 315. 
Destruction of railroads, art of, 347. 



Index . 



453 



Died in Confederate prisons, list of, 402. 1 
Died of disease, list of, 402. 

Difficulty in advancing the army, 112. 
Discipline of army by Rosecrans, 47. 
Division of army into corps, 92. 

Divisions of Sill and Dumont against 
Smith, 39. 

Dumont, Gen. E., in command of 12th 
Division, 25. 

Dumont, Gen. E., relieved of command, 
5 2 - 

E 

“ E ” Company, organization of, 14. 
Effective force of King’s Brigade at 
Chickamauga, 186. 

Effective force of Van Derveer’s Brigade 
at Missionary Ridge, 243. 

Effective force of Gleason’s Brigade in 
Atlanta campaign, 329. 

Eleventh and Twelfth Corps at Chatta- 
nooga, 217. 

■Elizabethtown march, 37. 

Elk River, crossing of the, 109. 
Encampment at Atlanta, 325. 
Encampment at Cobb’s plantation, 349. 
Episode at a meal in Richmond, Va., 388. 
Etowah River, crossing of the, 287. 
Evacuation of Atlanta, 324. 

Exchange of Brigades, 82. 

Execution of soldier at Goldsboro. 380. 
Expedition across Tennessee River, 119. 
Explosion after Johnston’s surrender, 386. 
Ezra Church, battle of, 307. 

F 

“F” Company, organization of, 15. 
Farewell orders of commanders, 394. 
Fayetteville, 75th Ind. driving enemy out 
of, 374- 

First troops to cut Macon railroad, 320. 
Floyd, Captain M. H., accident to, 320. 
Floyd, Capt. M. H., biographical sketch 
of, 397- 

Food, scarcity of, at Chattanooga, 201. 
Foragers, description of, 348. 



Foraging in earnest, 348. 

Foraging party, 1st in 75th Ind., 338. 
Foraging expedition to Hinesville, 357. 
Fort McAllister captured, 357. 

Fourteenth Corps, origin of, 46. 

Frankfort, Ky., expedition to, 42. 

G 

“G” Company, organization of, 15. 
Gaylesville, Ala., expedition to, 334. 
Gettysburg, battle of, no. 

Grandeur of the battle of Chattanooga, 
247- 

Grand Review at Washington, 390. 

Grant, Gen. U. S., in command, 222. 
Guards, provost, at Brigade headquarters, 
300. 

H 

“ H” Company, organization of, 16. 
Halleck’s orders disobeyed, 388. 
Hartsville, battle of, 50. 

Homeward march, 386. 

Hood, in pursuit of, to Gaylesville, 334. 
Hoover’s Gap, battle of, 96. 

How Reynolds’ Division was to fight, 59. 
How a Brigade commander lost his sup- 
per, 44. 

Hunter’s expedition, 75th Ind. with, 320. 

I 

“ I” Company, organization of, 16. 
Imprisonment of a Brigade commander, 
45- 

Introduction, 9. 

Invasion, Hood’s visionary plan of, 335. 

J 

Johnston, Gen. Joseph E., assumed com- 
mand, 271. 

Johnston’s surrender, 385. 

Jonesboro, battle of, 322. 

K 

“ K ” Company, organization of, 1 7. 
Kenesaw Mountain, battle of, '295. 



454 



Index. 



Kentucky, deplorable condition of, 21. 
Killed in battle, list of, 400. 

King, Col. E. A., killed, 173. 

King, Col., biographical sketch of, 1 74. 
King’s Bridge, writer’s experience at, 358. 
Kingston, movement against, 287. 
Knoxville, siege of, raised, 269. 

L 

Laughable Incident at Chattanooga, 203. 
Lebanon, Ky., 75th Ind. sent to, 25. 
Liberty, Tenn., expedition to, 70. 

Liberty Gap, battle of, 95. 

Lincoln, President, assassination of, 385. 
Lincoln’s Christmas gift, 359. 

Lookout Mountain, crossing of, 122. 
Lookout Mountain, battle of, 226. 

Lost Mountain, battle of, 289. 

Lost Reports of King’s Brigade, 135. 
Louisville, Ky., 22. 

Louisville, Ga., 75th Ind. at, 354. 

M 

Macon Railroad, movement for cutting, 

317 - 

March to Elizabethtown, 37. 

March to the Sea, beginning of, 344. 
March from the Wateree to the Pedee 
River, 371. 

March from Richmond to Washington, 390. 
Marietta, encamped at, 298. 

McGinness, Capt., wounded and taken 
prisoner, 181. 

McLemore’s Cove, army in, 130. 
McMinnville, Tenn., expedition to, 76. 
McPherson, killed, 306. 

Members of 75th Ind., who served in 
other Regiments, 1 1 . 

Milledgeville, Ga., entered, 350. 

Milton, Tenn., battle of, 75. 

Missionary Ridge, battle of, 229. 

Moore, Elijah, at Chickamauga, 165. 
Morgan’s 1st raid into Ky., 25. 

Morgan’s 2d raid into Ky., 58. 

Movement against Chattanooga by Buell 
abandoned, 20. 



Movement of army following Hoover’s 
Gap, 102. 

Movement of army, impatience in delay 
of, 1 1 2. 

Movement of Bragg for battle of Chicka- 
mauga, 130. 

Movement to right of Atlanta, 308. 

Mud Creek, affair at, 291. 

Mulrine, Corporal, at Chickamauga, 182. 
Muldraugh’s Hill, Co. I sent to, 35. 

Mules for Cavalry, 61. 

Mule drivers, profanity of, 62. 
Munfordsville, Ky., 75th Ind. sent to, 36. 
Murfreesboro, Tenn., encampment at, 65. 
Musician of Co. C, 23. 

Muster, on the way to, 18. 

Muster out, 394. 

N 

Nashville, Tenn., 75 th Ind. sent to, 64. 
Negresses, shooting of, 351. 

Nelson, Gen., killed by Gen. Davis, 37. 
Neuse River, crossing of the, 384. 
Newspapers captured in Ga., 351. 

Night march of the 14th Corps, 132. 

Ninth Ohio, returned home, 287. 

o 

O’Brien, Lt.-Col., wounded, 302. 

Officers commissioned to raise Companies, 

1 2. 

Ohio River, steaming down the, 393. 
Oostanaula River, crossing of the, 287. 
Operation of a grist mill under Capt. 
Ellis, 380. 

Orchard Knob, battle of, 224. 

Orders, relating to the Atlanta campaign, 
331 - 

Orders, relating to March to Sea, 362. 
Organization of 75th Ind., 11. 
Organization of Companies, 12. 
Organization of 12th Division, 33. 
Organization of Confederates under Smith, 
40. 

Organization of 5th Division, 54. 



Index. 



455 



Organization of 4th Division, 83. 
Organization of 3d Division, 217. 

P 

Pack-mules in Sherman’s army, 350. 
Palmer, Gen., resignation of, 313. 

Palmetto Station, Jeff. Davis’ speech at, 

335 - 

Peach Tree Creek, battle of, 301. 

Pedee River, crossing of the, 373. 
Pen-picture of soldier at Chickamauga, 
166. 

Percentage of losses at Chickamauga, 184. 
Percentage of Stewart’s Division at Chick- 
amauga, 1 91. 

Perryville, Ky., battle of, 45. 

Pettit, Col. John U., 19. 

Pick and spade in battle, 290. 

Picket duty in front of Ft. Negley, 198. 
Picket duty at Missionary Ridge, 268. 
Pickets, friendly relation between, 200. 
Pictures of new soldiers, 20. 

Pine Mountain, 75th Ind. at, 289. 

Plan of dislodging Bragg at Chattanooga, 
122. 

Plan of battle of Chattanooga, 223. 

Plan of Grant and Sherman to unite, 381. 
Plan cf attack on Dalton, 282. 

Plantation songs and dances, 350. 

Poem found on dead Confederate, 303. 
Polk, Gen., killed, 290. 

Pond Springs, Encamped at, 123. 

Position of Gen. Reynolds’ Division at 
Chickamauga, 136. 

Preparation for Atlanta campaign, 278. 
Presentiment of death, 139. 

Problem of supplies for the army, 218. 
Provost guards at Brigade headquarters, 
300. 

Pumpkin-Vine Creek, skirmish at, 288. 
Pursuit of Confederates to Ringgold, 
Ga., 268. 

Q 

Quotas of new troops sent to Louisville, 
Ky., 21. 



R 

Raccoon Mountain, crossing of, 1 21. 

Race-track at Savannah, 360. 

Railroad, art of destroying, 347. 

Raleigh, movement against, 383. 

Recapitulation of strength and loss of 
Regiment, 400. 

Reconnaissance to Tennessee River, 117. 

Reconnaissance of Baird’s Division to cut 
Macon Railroad. 318. 

Recruits, transferred to 42d Regiment, 

393 - 

Relative positions of Regiments at Chicka- 
mauga, 132. 

Relative positions of Regiments at Mis- 
sionary Ridge, 231. 

Religious awakening at Ringgold, 276. 

Rendezvous, place of, 18. 

Reoccupancy of Chattanooga by the 75th 
Ind., 269. 

Reorganization of army at Chattanooga, 
204. 

Reorganization of army at Goldsboro, 
381. 

Report of 75th Ind. in Atlanta campaign, 
327 - 

Resaca, battle cf, 284. 

Resignations at Murfreesboro, 68. 

Review of Sherman’s army at Goldsboro, 

379 - 

Reynolds, Gen., assumes command, 53. 

Reynolds’ Division at Osborne, 135. 

Rice plantations, 356. 

Rice, process of hulling, 356. 

Richmond, foolish foot-race to, 386. 

Richmond as it was at the close of war, 

389- 

Richmond, fall of, 382. 

Ringgold, encampment at, 275. 

Robinson, Col. M. S., assumed command 
of Regiment, 49. 

Robinson, Col. M. S., in command of 
Brigade, 96. 

Robinson, Col. M. S., in command of 
Brigade at Chickamauga, 176. 



45 6 



Index. 



Robinson, Col., resignation of, 276. 
Robinson, Col., biographical sketch of, 
398 . 

Rosecrans, Gen., put in command, 46. 
Rosecrans, Gen., relieved of command, 
218. 

Roster of the Regiment, 407. 

Route to Indianapolis for muster, 18. 

s 

San dt own, reconnoitre, 316. 

Savannah, investment of, 357. 

Savannah, evacuation of, 359. 

Savannah, city of, 360. 

Savannah, campaign of, 361. 

Scarcity of food and wood at Chatta- 
nooga, 202. 

Scottsville, Ky., march to, 48, 

Second Brigade in assault at Missionary 
Ridge, 231. 

Seventy-fifth Ind. relieving a Brigade at 
Chickamauga, 140. 

Seventy-fifth Ind. with Col. Hunter, 320. 
Shellmound, burning bridge at, 118. 
Sherman, Gen., at Chattanooga, 225. 
Sherman, Gen., assumed command, 276. 
Sherman, Gen., as a commander, 279. 
Sherman’s army, Grant’s opinion of, 343. 
Siege of Chattanooga, 201. 

Siege guns at Atlanta, 307. 

Sister’s Ferry, encampment at, 365. 
Situation, critical, at Chattanooga, 200. 
Sketch of 72d Ind. Regt., 26. 

Sketch of 98th 111. Regt., 28. 

Sketch of 1 8th Ind. Battery, 31. 

Sketch of 17th Ind. Regt., 55. 

Sketch of 68th Ind. Regt., 83. 

Sketch of 101st Ind. Regt., 84. 

Sketch of 19th Ind. Battery, 86. 

Sketch of 105th Ohio Regt., 87. 

Sketch of 87th Ind. Regt., 207. 

Sketch of 2d Minn. Regt., 209. 

Sketch of 9th Ohio Regt., 212. 

Sketch of 35th Ohio Regt., 215. 

Skirmish line of Companies D and I at 
Chickamauga, 171. 



Skirmish line of Co. G at Utoy Creek, 309. 
Skirmish line of Companies A, F, D, I 
and E, at Fayetteville, 374. 

Skirmish line of five companies at Smith- 
field, 383. 

Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek, 356. 
Skirmishing continually, 293. 

Smithfield, battle of, 383. 

Songs in camp at Murfreesboro, 66. 

South Carolina, advance through, 371. 
Stage (1st) of march to Sea, 343. 

Stage (2d) of march to Sea, 353. 

Stage (3d) of march to Sea, 355. 

Stars and Stripes raised on Lookout 
Mountain, 226. 

Stone’s River, battle of, 64. 

Supplies at Chattanooga, problem of, 218. 

T 

Temperance crusade, first experience in, 
35- 

Tennessee River, crossing of the, 120. 
Tents used in the service, 65, 82. 

Third Division, 14th Corps, on Atlanta 
campaign, 281. 

Thirty-third Brigade joined the Division, 
53- 

Thirty-fifth Ohio left for home, 308. 
Thomas, Gen., as a commander, 339. 
Thomas, Gen., farewell to, 392. 

Todd, Lt. Uriah, 199. 

Troops selected for march to Sea, 342. 
Tullahoma campaign, 94. 

Tullahoma campaign, importance of, ill. 
Tullahoma* 75th Ind. first to enter, 104. 
Tunnel Hill, reconnaissance to, 277. 
Turning of Dalton, 283. 

Twelfth Division after Kirby Smith, 40. 

u 

Union demonstration at Wilton, N. C., 
387- 

University Place, encampment at, 113. 
Utoy Creek, Gleason’s Brigade at, 308. 
Utoy Creek, battle of, 309. 



Index . 



V 

Versailles, pursuit of Confederates to, 43, 
Vicksburg, capture of, 1 1 1 . 

Virginia State-line, crossing of the, 387. 
Voting in camp, 340. 

w 

Washington City at close of war, 392. 
Washington City to Indianapolis, 393. 



457 

Water, scarcity of, at Sweeden’s Cove, 
1 16, 

Wateree River, crossing of the, 370. 
Wauhatchie, battle of, 221. 

Winnsboro, encamped at, 369. 

Woodbury, Tenn., expedition to, 69. 
Wounded, last man, in Sherman’s army, 

384- 

Wounded, mortally, list of, 401, 



ERRATA. 

On page 22, in line 24, for “(Under the title of the The Department of the Ohio),” 
read (Under the title of The Department of the Ohio). 

On p. 64, inline 17, for “ 16,560,” read 1,656. 

On p. 73, in line 14, for “ rapidily,” read rapidly. 

On p. 92. in line 17, for “ Brig.-Gen, Richard R. Johnson,” read Brig.-Gen. Richard 
W. Johnson. 

On p. 1 1 3, in line 30, for “ couple weeks,” read couple of weeks. 

On p. 1 19, in line 5, for “couple hundred men,” read couple of hundred men. 

On p. 1 31, in line 17, for “ presistence,” read persistence. 

On p. 164, in line 9, for “ lead,” read led. 

On p. 191, in line 3, for “ Chicamauga,” read Chickamauga. 

On p. 235, in line 12, for “ reponsibility,” read responsibility. 

On p. 329, in line 4, for “ Robert M. Brown,” read Robert M. Brownfield. 

On p. 365, in line 1, for “ accross,” read across. 



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