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A HISTORY, like the following, recording events 
which have transpired within the recollection of 
many still living, and containing sketches of indi- 
viduals still, in existence, is, doubtless, of all species 
of composition, the most irksome and unsatisfactory 
to its author. 

First Unlike the history of countries that have 
been peopled for centuries, the events are neither of 
the number or character to prove interesting to 
readers beyond the locality in which they occurred. 

Second. Interest, jealousy or treacherous memo- 
ries may cause a wide difference in the opinions of 
persons at the present time of events of which they 
were eye-witnesses a decade or more of years ago ; 
hence, the one who transfers those events to the 
page of history is not unfrequently subjected to se- 
vere and unjust criticism. 

Third. A similarity in the events described, neces- 
sitates much effort on the part of the author to 
prevent a monotonous similarity in the descriptions ; 
and, even with all this effort, a degree of sameness 


will inevitably pervade his work that may prove dis- 
tasteful to the connoisseur in literary art. 

Last, but not least, is the danger of omitting some 
name that one or more readers think should appear, 
or of speaking of others in more eulogistic terms 
than may be consonant with the ideas of parties 
claiming more perfect knowledge. 

Whatever criticisms of the kind, however, may 
arise, it cannot be denied that the local history is a 
necessity something that, sooner or later, will be 
imperatively demanded ; and, with this view, the 
writer has embarked in this simple literary venture, 
trusting that the future historian may accord to it 
more importance than it will receive at present. 

With the design of rendering the work useful at 
the present as well as in future time, besides its his- 
toric character, it has been made to partake some- 
what of the nature of a Gazetteer. 

The writer has received valuable assistance from 
different sources while compiling the work, but he 
desires especially to acknowledge that rendered by 
C. H. Parmelee and O. B. Kemp, Esqrs. 

Waterloo, P. Q., 28th Nov., 1876. 


As in all new countries, the first permanent settle- 
ments in Canada were made along the large rivers 
which communicate with the ocean, and afforded the 
only means of penetrating the wild wastes of the 
newly discovered land. 

Quebec had sprung up, grown old, and its name been 
familiar for more than a century at the Courts of the 
French and English Monarchs it had been beleaguer- 
ed by hostile armies and had won a proud place in his- 
toric annals; Ville Marie had expanded into a city, 
and had figured in wars with the Iroquois, the 
English and the French ; Three Rivers, Sillery, St. 
Joseph and St. Mary, had also become famous in 
Canadian history, while the country east of the Riche- 
lieu, now forming a part of the Eastern Townships, 
was in "the lap of savage desolation." A broad tract 
of country possessed of great fertility of soil, rich in 
mineral deposits, blessed with perennial streams, 
dotted with beautiful lakes, unsurpassed in the gran- 
deur of its scenery a territory yet to be acknow- 
ledged the " Garden of Canada," was unknown to the 
civilized world till more than a quarter of a century 
after the triple cross banner of England had sup- 
planted thefleur de Us of France. 

An exploring party was sent out to this section by 
order of Governor Haldimand, and they carried back 
to the settlements on the St. Lawrence such a favor- 
able account of their discoveries, that, in the autumn 


of 1781, a party, styled United Empire Loyalists, 
decided to emigrate hither. Desirous of effecting a 
settlement as near as possible to mills and markets, 
they " pitched their tents " on the shore of Missisquoi 
Bay and in the country adjacent. Lake Champlain 
and the Richelieu afforded the only convenient means 
of travelling, and St. Johns, twenty miles distant by 
land and sixty by water, and Burlington, in Vermont, 
were the only places where they were able. to procure 
the necessaries of life. 

From Missisquoi Bay new settlers gradually pushed 
eastward. Others daring and adventurous spirits 
plunged northward into the unbroken wilderness 
from different sections of New England ; and thus 
commenced the settlement of these now flourishing 

Much has been said respecting the IT. E. Loyalists, 
who, for the love they bore the mother country and 
the veneration they still cherished for monarchical 
institutions, voluntarily accepted a home amidst the 
wilds of Canada. Eulogies have been lavishly and 
indiscriminately bestowed on all the early pioneers 
of this section, as if they all belonged to this class, 
and were thus entitled to the admiration of every 
loyal heart. 

Panegyrics like these, however, should be received 
with caution, and with due allowance for fervid 
imaginations and proneness to hyperbole in their 

It is a well established fact that a large proportion 
of the pioneers of this section, so far from being 
martyrs to their political principles, cared as little for 
royalty as they did for republicanism, and only 


emigrated to this country to escape the dangers and 
turmoils of war. 

In the early part of the contest between the 
American colonies and England, not an insignificant 
part of the population of the colonies remained loyal 
to the British cause. Another, and no inconsider- 
able party, desirous, no doubt, of following quietly 
the peaceful pursuits of life, regardless of the Stamp 
Act, Tea Tax and other grievances of which their 
neighbors complained, attempted to remain neutral 
in their movements during the approaching contest. 
Such, however, was inconsistent with the wishes of 
their Radical brethren, who both suspected their 
friendship and detested their want of patriotism. 
The Radicals, consequently, not only reproached 
them, but indulged in other acts of aggression against 
them until they were compelled either to join one of 
the belligerent armies or seek peace and safety in exile. 
Many choosing the latter alternative emigrated to 
Canada, and, induced by a the cheapness of the land and 
fertility of the soil, plunged into the wilderness east 
of the Richelieu. 

It is a fact, too, that after the independence of the 
American Colonies had been declared by Great 
Britain, not a few of those who had fought in the con- 
tinental armies became pioneers in this part of the 
Dominion. Thus we find among the early settlers 
of this section, not only those who admired the insig- 
nia of royalty and believed in the " divine right of 
kings," but those who were passively indifferent to 
thesl^things, while others cherished as little respect 
for them as they did for the religious tenets of 



Whatever the religious or political principles of 
the pioneers, however, it cannot be denied that in 
providing homes and sustenance for their families 
in these wilds, amidst every privation they toiled on 
with the self-sacrifice of martyrs and the devotion of 
patriots. There is a heroism displayed in their per- 
severance and in the fortitude with which they en- 
dured hardships that demands our admiration, and 
which it becomes their posterity to emulate. 

In addition to the difficulties under which the 
early inhabitants labored, on account of their long 
distance from mills and markets, much inconvenience 
was also experienced from the absence of legal tri- 
bunals in the Townships, and in having roads estab- 
lished in the manner prescribed by law. 

In 1796, an act was passed entitled, " An act for 
making, repairing and altering the highways and 
bridges in this Province, and for other purposes ; " and 
by this it was enacted that " all the king's highways 
and public bridges shall be made, repaired, and kept 
up, under the direction of the Grand Voyer of each 
and every district within the Province, or his deputy." 
This law, with but little if any alterations, continued 
in force till 1841. 

Although his works were homologated by the Court 
of Quarter Sessions, it will be seen that much authority 
was vested in the Grand Voyer. 

These Townships were obliged to send all the way 
to Montreal or Quebec for this dignitary or his deputy 
to establish roads, and. at that time the work of 
bringing him to the backwoods of this section w#can 
easily imagine involved both time and expense. 


The township of Shefford is bounded north by 
Roxton, east by Stukely, south by Brome and west 
by Gran by. It was erected into a township by Let- 
ters Patent dated February 10th, 1801, and granted in 
part to Capt. John Savage and his Associates.* 

The term " Associates " not being generally well 
understood, a few words by way of explanation,. may 
not be amiss. 

Any individual of responsibility who had sustained 
losses from his loyalty to the government, or other- 
wise merited reward, by pursuing a prescribed course 
in company with a certain number of others of un- 
doubted loyalty could obtain a grant of five-sevenths 
of a township. The individual who took the most 
active part in procuring this grant, and bore the ex- 
penses, was denominated " Leader or Agent." 

The course pursued was substantially as follows : 
The Agent presented a petition to government, in 
which his claims were set forth, and the tract of land 
prayed for usually described. The grant was made 
only on condition that the Agent and each of the As- 

* Names of Associates. John Savage the younger, Hezekiah Wood, 
John Allen, Simon Griggs, Richard Powers, John Savage the son of 
Edward Savage, Peter Savage, Ezekiel Lewis, Henry Hardie, Anthony 
Cutler, Isaac Kennison, Solomon Kennison, Malcolm McFarland, Peter 
Hays, Edward Graves, Henry Powers, Alexander Efouglas, Silas Lewis, 
John Lockhart Wiseman, James Bell, John Mock, Timothy Hoskins, 
William Moffat, Thaddeus Tuttle, Isaac Lawrence the younger, Elijah 
Lawrence, James Berry, Abraham Kennison, John Spalding, John 
Knatchback, John Mock the younger, Joseph Mock, William Bell, John 
Bell, Samuel Bell. 


sociates should take the oath of allegiance, and they, 
their heirs, or assigns, should make " actual settle- 
ment," and certain improvements in the township 
before a specified time. 

Five-sevenths only of the township were granted to 
the Agent and his Associates, and these were divided 
equally among them ; the remaining two-sevenths 
being reserved for the support of the Protestant clergy 
and for the disposition of the Crown. But a private 
bargain was previously made between the Agent and 
each Associate, in which it was stipulated that the 
latter should have a certain number of acres gener- 
ally two hundred and should deed back to the Agent 
all he should draw more than this amount. The 
Agent was to defray the expense of opening a road 
through the township, of building mills and of having 
the township surveyed ; the land deeded to him by 
the Associates being received as compensation for 
the expenses thus incurred. 

These private bargains, in many instances, were not 
faithfully adhered to by the Associates, and much 
trouble and expensive litigation frequently arose in 


This small village, often called Shefford Plain from 
the level ground on which it is built, is situated in the 
south-west part of the township on a branch of the 

Capt. John Savage, who was a native of Ireland, 
was the first settler at this place, and the first one in 
the township. We have no records to show at what 
time he came to America, but a little light is thrown 
on his subsequent history by a petition which he pre- 
sented to the Governor of Canada, a copy of which is 
given below : 

" To His Excellency Alured Clark, Esq., Major 
General, Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces 
in America. 

The Humble Petition of John Savage Most humbly 
Sheweth : 

That Petitioner took an early and active part in 
the late Rebellion, and served as Lieutenant in a 
Corps raised by Governor Tryon for His Majesty's 
Service ; being made prisoner by the Rebels, and re- 
fusing to join them, he was committed to Albany Jail, 
from whence he escaped and joined the Army at New 
York, with which he served until taken prisoner a 
second time and closely confined in irons in Kingston 
Jail. That Petitioner was very serviceable to the 


scouts sent out from this Province by His Excellency 
the late General Sir Frederick Haldimand, then Com- 
mander in Chief, by procuring for them intelligence 
and affording them assistance. 

Petitioner at present has a farm in CaldwelPs 
Manor within the American lines, from which Colonel 
Allen is attempting to remove him, for refusing 
to take the Oath of Allegiance to the American 
States. Petitioner having never received from 
government any compensation for his losses, and 
wishing to come under the protection of a British 
Constitution, humbly implores that Your Excellency 
will be pleased to grant him a township of ten miles 
square, to be owned by Petitioner and his Asso- 
ciates ; and he, as in duty bound, will ever pray. 

Quebec, 30th July, 1792." 

The following is an extract from an account kept 
by Capt. Savage during his efforts to obtain the grant 
prayed for above. 


June 5 A journey to Quebec to obtain the 
warrant to survey for the township 

of Shefford at 10 shillings 48 10 

Sept. To Capt. John Savage's expenses ... 23 15 
" To exploring township, 10 days. ... 5 00 
Nov. 15 To cutting the road from St. Johns 
to Yamaska Eiver with six men, 
4 weeks, each 40 shillings a month. . . 1200 
To myself 28 days at 10 shillings. 14 00 
To provisions and money expend- 
ed in cuttingHSaid roads 8 00 



May 10 To cutting the road from Sutton 

to Shefford, 16 miles 16 00 

July 13 To cash paid John Clark, Dept, 
Surveyor, for 92 days at 10 shillings 

a day 46 00 


June 24 To cash paid Jesse Pennoyer and 
Patrick -Conroy, Esq., for their ser- 
vices in apprizing the improvements 

in the township of Shefford 6 00 

Capt. Savage canre to Shefford in 1792. He direct- 
ed his course by means of a compass, and was followed 
by men who cleared away the underwood for the pas- 
sage of ox sleds which brought his household goods 
and provisions, and these in turn were followed by his 
family. A pile of s.tones on the stream near the vil- 
lage still marks the spot where he built the " Dutch 
back" of his first cabin. He brought with him to 
Shefford thirty head of cattle, all of which, with the 
exception of three, died from the scarcity of fodder 
and the intense cold of the following winter. 

Mr. Savage had two sons, one of whom died before 
the removal of the father to Canada ; the other, John 
Savage the younger, was one of the Associates of 
Shefford, and the first settler in the north part of the 

Many of the descendants of Savage live in Shefford, 
and are numbered with its honored citizens. 

The second inhabitant of the township was a man 
named Towner, but his stay was brief. 

In the winter of 1794 * Isaac Lawrence from Hines- 

*For this sketch of Isaac Lawrence we are indebted to Mrs. Day's 
Pioneers of the Eastern Townships. 


burg, Vt., took up his residence in the township, set- 
tling in or near the present limits of the village of 

Samuel Lawrence, one of his sons, settled at West 
Shefford. About the year 1804, he commenced 
erecting mills at this place, and his brother Henry, 
who had been assisting him in this enterprise, was 
despatched to Westford, Vt., for the purpose of pro- 
curing the necessary irons. He took with him a yoke 
of oxen with which to draw in the machinery, but 
having no vehicle, he was obliged to resort to his 
wits to invent means of transporting the heavy load. 
Accordingly he made a dray, which was nothing 
more than a long piece of timber split at one end, 
pried open, and fastened by inserting a short beam 
crosswise between the parts, when eight hundred 
pounds of iron castings were bound on it by heavy 
chains. This end trailed on the ground, while the 
other end was fastened into the yoke on the necks of 
thejsturdy beasts, and drawn by them over rough roads 
and through rapid streams to Sheldon, Yt., where the 
young man obtained a pair of large heavy cart wheels 
on which he fastened the dray, load and all, so as to 
balance, and then'proceeded on his way. There was a 
ferry over the Missisquoi Elver, but all the other 
streams had to be forded. At St. Armand he took the 
then only route through to Shefford through Dunham 
and Farnham ; but the roads were so rough and the 
load so heavy that the axletree of his cart gave way 
three times, and was ready for the fourth breakdown 
on arriving at his destination. With the aid of axe 
and auger, with which he was provided, and a piece of 
the hard timber which grew so plentifully by the way, 
he repaired the damage each time. 


The clatter of the iron load, as the cart rolled over 
stones, logs and other obstructions, aroused the people 
as it passed along the line of road, attracting consider- 
able attention from being the first pair of wheels that 
had penetrated by that route so far into the interior 
of the country. 

Two. years after the arrival of Capt. Savage, his 
son-in-law, Hezekiah Wood, from Fishkill, N. Y., 
became an inhabitant of West Shefford, settling in a 
lot now owned by Henry Eoberts. 

Three of his sons still live at this place. 

Peter Hayes from New Hampshire was another of 
the pioneers of West Shefford. He first came alone, 
selected a lot in the north part of the township, where 
he cut down seven acres of forest, and then returned 
to New Hampshire for his family. In the winter of 
1796, he returned to Shefford with the design of 
taking up his abode on the lot where he had pre- 
viously labored, but as his family were worn out 
with their long journey on a sled, and several miles 
of unbroken forest still intervened between him and 
the spot he desired to reach, when he had arrived at 
West Shefford he decided to remain there till the 
following spring. When spring arrived, however, he 
had abandoned his intention of leaving his present 
habitation, and thus remained there till his death, 
which occurred on January 2nd, 1834. He has 
several descendants in Shefford, and his son, Stephen 
B. Hayes, now lives in the homestead. 

In 1822, Edward Eoberts, from Ireland, became a 
resident of this part of Shefford. He had previously 
been a merchant, but having failed, he came to 
America to retrieve his fortune. 


He died poor, however, and left his children to be- 
come the architects of their own fortunes. His son 
Duke affords another striking example of what a 
young man with tact and energy may accomplish. 

With nothing but his hands to sustain him, he 
boldly commenced the battle of life. Having placed 
himself in a comfortable position by farming, he 
began to turn his attention to buying and selling- 
cattle and horses, and so successfully has he managed 
this, with his other business, that he has amassed a 
fortune. He owns a fine residence at West Shefford, 
but, leaving this in possession of one of his sons, two 
years since, he moved to Waterloo, where he still 

Although settled the first of any part of the town- 
ship, West Shefford is still comparatively a small vil- 

It is situated in the midst of a beautiful level 
farming country, and in beauty of location surpasses 
Waterloo, though, owing to various causes, the latter 
has far outstripped its elder sister in growth. 

There is one hotel here, two groceries and two 
stores. A public house was first opened here in 1837, 
on the spot now occupied by the hotel. 

The stores are owned respectively by John !N. Mills 
and George Tait. Mr. Mills has been engaged several 
years in mercantile business, and is widely known in 
this section of the country as a dealer in bark and 
butter. He is esteemed as n man of public spirit 
and has held municipal offices. 

Mr. Tait is also regarded as a man of worth. He 
is Postmaster and a School Commissioner. A post 


office was established here about the year 1840,* and 
a man named Johnson was appointed Postmaster. 

A large brick building, designed for a temperance 
hall, was erected here in 1863 ; it is now used as a 
place of worship and also for a school. 

The village contains two church edifices belonging 
respectively to the Roman Catholics and Episco- 
palians. A sketch of the Church of England mission 
at this place will be found in the history of Waterloo. 

A short distance from West Shefford is another 
small village springing up, now known as Sheffington. 

The stream affording good facilities here for manu- 
facturing establishments, in 1859 *a man named 
Ephraim Senior, erected a woollen factory. 

Two years afterward, Ashley Kilburn purchased 
the factory and a sawmill standing near. The 
factory not long afterwards wa^i burned. Another one 
was erected, and this, together with the saw mill, a 
few years subsequently was swept away in a freshet. 
Mr. Kilburn, being one of those sanguine and deter- 
mined men not easily disheartened, soon built other 
mills, and is now doing an extensive business in the 
way of wool carding and manufacturing cloth and 

A post office was established here, April 1st, 1875, 
and James Hayes was appointed postmaster. Mr. 
Hayes is one of the public men of the township, and 
has been called to fill one or more of the municipal 
offices. He opened a store here in 1874, in company 
with Mr. Henry Neil. 

* On the 29th of November, 1841, the building in Quebec containing 
records of the establishment of Post Offices in the Province previous to 
that time was consumed by fire, consequently in obtaining this date, we 
have been obliged to trust to the memory of the " oldest inhabitant." 


This place now scarcely deserving the name of 
village, so small is the number of houses here, is situ- 
ated in the south-east part of the township. 

About the year 1808, three brothers, Jonathan, 
Richard and Joseph Frost, from Marlborongh, New 
Hampshire, came to Shefford and settled at this place, 
their name in after time being given to the village 
which sprang up hereT 

Jonathan Frost was the one who first felled a tree 
at this place, and his first house was erected where the 
dwelling long occupied by Hon. L. S. Huntington 
now stands. He subsequently sold his improvements, 
built, and sold again several times in the same locality. 
Richard settled on a lot about a mile north of the 
present village. Joseph became the first occupant of 
the lot now owned by his nephew, David Frost. 

In 1810, Jeremiah Frost, a brother of those named 
above, and from the same place, arrived in Shefford. 
He first purchased the improvements of his brother 
Richard, but, about two years afterward, he bought a 
piece of land on the site of the present village, and built 
a house on the spot now occupied by that of John 
Parker. Subsequently, he purchased the farm where 


his son David now lives, and there resided till 1830, 
when he died. He had seven children, three sons and 
four daughters, who arrived -at maturity, but David 
was the only one of these who remained permanently 
in Shefford. He is a highly respected citizen, and has 
held the office of municipal councillor. He has three 
sons who are numbered with the prominent men of 
Waterloo. David Frost, jun ., one of these, was a very 
successful teacher for some time in the Province of On- 
tario. For several years he has been an efficient and 
popular station agent at Waterloo, and also holds the 
position off councillor in the village council. 

About the year 1812, Richard Frost, mentioned 
above, opened a public house at Frost Village, the first 
one in the place. A few years after this he removed 
to Granby, where he lived during the remainder of his 
life. A son, now deceased, was for a long time one of 
the prominent and influential men of that township. 
- Not many years after the four Frost brothers had 
made their home in Canada, they were joined by an- 
other, Aaron, who likewise came from Marlborough, 
N. H. He was a cabinetmaker, and on his arrival 
erected a shop and followed his trade here for some 
years, but finally abandoned it, sold out and returned 
to the States. 

Alvin Williams was an early settler at Frost Village. 
He came from Newfane, Vt., to Stukely, about the 
year 1801, and settled on a lot in the north part of 
the township, several miles from any inhabitants. 
He was then a young man, only twenty, and with 
perseverance and energy, at which modern degeneracy 
wonders, remote from civilization, he toiled for com- 
petency and a home. 


To strong arms and courageous hearts like his, are 
we indebted for our fertile fields ; and though we smile 
at the uncouth manners and rustic garb of our fore- 
fathers, it cannot be denied that they possessed the 
qualities which in other men in different circum- 
stances have won the chaplets of heroes. On one 
occasion, while living alone in the wilderness, Mr. 
Williams cut his knee with an axe, which so disabled 
him that his circumstances became unpleasant and 
perilous in the extreme. His provisions were ex- 
hausted, and being so lame that he could not hope to 
reach another human habitation, the sad prospect of 
dying in this secluded place without kindred or friends 
to solace him, rose with all its terrors before him. 
Nerved, however, by a forlorn hope, he crawled up 
to an eminence in the forest, and shouted as loudly as 
his feeble state would permit. He was induced to do 
this from the fact, that he had learned a few weeks 
before, while absent from home, that parties were 
soon coming into that section to look for land ; and 
the thought struck him that someone, providentially, 
might even then be within reach of his voice. 
Strange as it may seem, his cries were answered 
by a man named Aylmer, who happened to be near, 
in the forest, for the purpose named above. Through 
his aid, the young invalid was supplied with provi- 
sions, and cared for, ^tili he was restored to health. 
In 1804, he was married to Charlotte Rebecca 
Rogers, the daughter of a merchant from Newfane, 
Yt., who had settled in South Stukely. He had once 
been wealthy, but had failed in business on account of 
having his property chiefly invested in Continental 
money which proved worthless. 


At the time of which we write, wolves were nume- 
ms in Stukely, and bands of Indians occasionally 
strolled through the forest. Some time after the 
marriage of Williams and the birth of several children, 
he was one day absent from home and his hired man 
was at work in a field surrounded by woods, some 
distance from the house. Suddenly, Mrs. Williams was 
startled by loud cries, and supposing that their neigh- 
bor Aylmer's family had been attacked by Indians, 
she hurriedly prepared herself and children for flight. 
She was, however, arrested in her purpose by the 
hired man who came running in, hatless and breathless, 
affirming that he had barely escaped from the wolves 
with which the field, where he had been at work, was 
literally covered. 

Amidst scenes similiar to this, and all the hardships 
incident to the life of a pioneer, Mr. Williams spent 
nine years in North Stukely, and then removed to the 
southern part of the township,- from which place he 
moved, in 1821, to Frost Village. He took up his 
residence on the lot now owned by his grandson, Geo. 
Williams, and lived here till his death, which occurred 
February 17th, 1849. 

Mr. Williams was a man deservedly esteemed. 
Possessed of integrity, a genial temper and a pleasing 
manner, he soon won the confidence and respect of 
those with whom he was called to associate ; and his 
influence among them always tended to harmony 
and goodwill. He was for some time a school com- 
missioner, a commissioner for the summary trial of 
small causes, justice of the peace and captain of militia. 
He had four sons, John, William, Henry and Arad ; 
the first named being the only one living. Henry 


entered mercantile business in Brome, and became one 
of the prominent men of that township. Arad 
was a successful and respected farmer in Bolton. 
William remained on the homestead . The esteem in 
which he was held by his fellow citizens may be 
learned from the following obituary, copied from the 
Waterloo Advertiser of October 21st, 1869 : 

" An old and highly respectable citizen of Frost 
Village, Wm. Williams, Esq., died at his residence 
there, on Friday last, after a short illness. He was 
an amiable, kind-hearted man, esteemed by all who 
knew him. He has filled many local offices, and at 
the time of his decease was a municipal councillor. 
He was one of those quiet, unassuming, unobtrusive 
men that gradually acquire a hold in the esteem of 
their neighbors, and, in everything that tends to make 
a good citizen, are all that could be desired. It may 
truly be said of him that no solicitor of alms went 
empty-handed from his door. On Sunday last his 
remains were followed to their final resting-place by 
a large concourse of friends and neighbors." 

John Williams, like his brother William, has been 
entrusted with various offices, the duties of which he 
has discharged^to the general satisfaction of his fellow- 
townsmen. He has been postmaster, captain of militia, 
school commissioner for fifteen years, and a municipal 
councillor. He early turned his attention to mercantile 
pursuits at Frost Village, in which business, through 
tact and industry, he has been remarkably successful. 
He etill resides here, in an attractive residence. 

Samuel Willard was another active and prominent 
early inhabitant of Frost Village. He was born in 
Petersham, Mass., and was the son of Major Willard, 
Loyalist, distinguished in the American Revolution. 


He first commenced business at Newfane, Yt., 
from which place he removed to Sheldon, in the same 
State, thence to Stukely, in Canada, and became 
Agent for the Associates of that township. 

After residing there for several years, he came to 
Frost Village to engage in mercantile business. 
In this he was for a time successful, but, having 
lost a new and, for that period, an extensive stock of 
goods, by the burning of a steamer on the St. Law- 
rence, between Quebec and Montreal, he failed, and 
returned to his farm in Stukely. 

The energy, the active business talent of Major 
Willard is still remembered by the old citizens of 
Frost Village, and the era at which he resided here is 
regarded as one of the most pleasant and prosperous 
of the place. 

He left respected descendants in the Townships ; 
and Samuel Willard, grandson, is one of the popular 
young merchants composing the firm of Robinson, 
Stevens & Willard, of Waterloo. 

Benjamin Martin was another pioneer who pur- 
chased a lot near Frost Village. He left three sons, 
Benjamin, Reuben and Simeon Martin, who settled in 
Shefford and took an active part in the affairs of the 
township. Benjamin Martin remained on the home- 
stead, where he died a few years since. His family 
still live here and his widow has ably managed the 
farm and business left by the deceased. 

The following is an obituary of another of the early 
inhabitants of this place who died in 1860 : 

" It is our painful duty to record, this week, the 
death of another old and respected resident of this 
township, Orange Ellis, Esq., which took place at his 


residence, in Frost Village, on the 28th ult. Mr. Ellis 
had led a long and active life, and had lived to see his 
children and grandchildren grow up to be men and 
women about him. He was among the last of the 
early settlers, and with him is removed another link 
that bound us to the age which has passed away. Mr. 
Ellis was a man of sterling independence, strong 
practical good sense, and more than ordinary intelli- 
gence. He bore his last long and painful illness a 
cancer- with the meekness of a child and the forti- 
tude of a martyr. Only a few days before his death, 
he said Jo the writer that he longed to be at rest, and 
begged him to bear witness how his trust in Jesus 
comforted and sustained him. And in this peaceful 
trust he fell sweetly asleep." 

Mr. Ellis came from Rockingham, Mass., to Canada, 
in 1814. He first settled at Odelltown, P. Q., but some 
years afterward, removed to Frelighsburg, and from 
that place came to Shefford in 1832. His two sons, 
B. A. and J. C. Ellis, are mentioned farther on in the 
History of Waterloo. 

For the following paragraph and sketch of Dr. 
Foster, the writer is indebted to 'Mrs. Day's History 
of the Eastern Townships : 

" When the Settlements were so advanced as to 
make it necessary that a way of communication 
should be opened between Montreal and the townships 
east, and a route was chosen from Magog Outlet, 
through Stukely, Shefford, G-ranby, &c., to Chambly, 
Frost Village became a sort of centre for the retail 
trade of the section, and several business and profes- 
sional men located here. Prominent among these was 
Dr. Stephen Sewell Foster, born at Oakham, Mass., 


Nov. 22, 1791. February 7th, 1813, he married Miss 
Belknap of Dummerston, Vt., and, in 1817, settled to 
the practice of his profession in Newfane, Vt., where 
he remained till 1822, when he came to Canada with 
his wife and four children. 

His location was at Frost Village, but, after a 
residence here of one year, he removed to the locality 
where is now situated the thriving village of Waterloo, 
at the time when there were only cloth dressing works, 
mills, a blacksmith's shop and two dwellings in the 
place. After a short residence there, however, the 
Doctor returned to Frost Village, and settled upon 
the farm until recently occupied by his second son, 
Hon. A. B. Foster. 

His license to practice his profession had been 
received from the Vermont Medical Society, but, after 
coming to this country, he attended lectures at Quebec, 
and obtained license to practice in Canada. Under 
the Earl of Dalhousie, he was appointed surgeon to 
Col. Jones' Battallion. After the establishment of the 
McGill College he attended lectures therefor a period, 
and, on the formation of the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, was elected one of its governors, which 
position he held till 1866, when failing health obliged 
him to resign. He also held the office of Justice of 
the Peace and Commissioner for the trial of small 
causes, when there was no other court in the Eastern 
Townships. In 1841 he was elected to the Provin- 
cial Parliament from Shefford County, and, being re- 
elected, was a member of that body for seven years. 

At the time Dr. Foster settled in Frost Village, 
there was no physician for many miles around, his 
practice extending from Yamaska Mountain to Mis- 


sisquoi Bay ; and it was no uncommon thing for him 
to attend patients in Stanstead, or even in Derby and 
Coventry, Yt. At such times he went by bridle 
paths through the forest to the outlet of Lake Mem- 
phremagog7 (six miles intervening between dwell- 
ings at places on the way, ) and thence up the 
lake in a log canoe. On other occasions he was 
guided by nothing more definite than marked trees ; 
sometimes seeing the wolves cross the path before 
him, and often hearing them howl in the woods on 
either hand. 

In the practice of his profession under such circum- 
stances he was often brought in contact with scenes 
which excited his warmest sympathies, and had fre- 
quent occasion for the exercise of a benevolent 
and kindly feeling, which was manifested in ways 
peculiar to himself, and which won the hearts of the 
people among whom he lived and practised so long, 
and established a claim upon their lasting esteem and 
gratitude. In October, 1857, he removed to Kn owl ton, 
in Brome, with the double view of retiring from the 
active practice of his profession and of being near his 
eldest son, Capt. Hiram S. Foster, of that place. He 
died at Knowlton, December 29th, 1868. 

Dr. Foster had eleven children, and some of his sons 
have held high positions in public life." 

Hiram S. Foster was registrar of Shefford County 
for some time, and on removing to Knowlton, many 
years ago, he was appointed registrar of the County 
of Brome, and still holds the office. He has been war- 
den of that County, and has also held many other posi- 
tions of honor and responsi bility. Few men are better 
known than he in the District of Bedford. Generous, 


and glad to witness the progress of improvement, he 
has been a patron of everything that promotes the 
prosperity of his county. 

Another son of Dr. Foster has long been one of the 
prominent men of this district. He was an advocate 
residing at Kn owl ton when, about eight years ago, he 
was appointed district magistrate. 

A sketch of Hon. A. B. Foster, his brother, will be 
found on a succeeding page. 

The first school house at Frost Village was built 
about the year 1812, on the site of the present one. 

In 1824, a building designed for a church was 
erected by the Episcopalians. It was not completed 
till the year 1833, when it was sold to the Methodists, 
with the reservation, by the Episcopalians, of using 
it one half the time. The upper part of this building 
was finished and used for several years as an academy, 
and became the Alma Mater of many of the sons and 
daughters of Shefford. 

An incident occurred on the day that the frame of 
this building was erected which is still often related 
by one or two aged individuals who were present : 
A wolf which had that day been caught was exhi- 
bited to the men who were engaged in raising the 
frame of the church, and after he had afforded them 
sufficient amusement a discussion arose as to what 
should be done with him. It was finally decided that 
he should be supplied with a coat of tar and sulphur; 
that a bell should be fastened on his neck and that he 
should then be freed to roam at pleasure through the 
forest to frighten away, if possible, by his uncouth 
appearance the bands of wolves that were prowling in 
the vicinity, and committing nightly depredations 
on the flocks of the settlers. 


This novel method of frightening away the wolves, 
however, seems to have had little effect, as this same 
wolf, always known by the bell he wore, was fre- 
quently seen in company with others, in the borders 
of clearings. He was at last killed with a stone by a 
man known as Dr. Wash burn. 

Frost Village was the place where formerly nearly 
all the business of Shefford was transacted. 

In the early days of these Townships, journej 7 s to 
distant markets were usually performed in winter. 
Many of the first settlers depended chiefly on the 
potash which they made from ashes for the necessaries 
of life, though occasionally one fattened pork to sell, 
but the latter did not become a general article of com- 
merce till a later day. The potash, pork, or whatever 
the settler had to dispose of, was placed on a rough 
but strong ox sled, and then the pioneer, in company 
with many others having similar loads, started on 
his tedious journey for Montreal. When their pro- 
duce had been sold, they always endeavored to pur- 
chase enough of household necessaries to last their 
families a year, as they were not at all desirous of 
making a second trip to market within that period. 

The inhabitants of the surrounding country often 
met and started together from Frost Village on these 
expeditions, and the number of ox teams thus setting 
out was sometimes so- great as to form a train a mile 
or more in length. Viewing in our imaginations 
these slow, toiling trains, taking many days to 
perform the journey, we cannot refrain from thinking 
of the wondrous change that has taken place since 
that period, seeing, as we now do, the farmer of this 
section seating himself, in the morning, in a hand- 


>mely finished car, going to Montreal, transacting 
lis business, and returning to his family in the even- 
ing of the same day. 

The District of Bedford Teachers' Association was 
organized in this village. The first meeting occurred 
here on Friday, the 29th day of Oct., 1858. Nearly 
all the High School teachers of the District were pre- 
sent. The Eev. Dr. Nichols, Principal of the Univer- 
sity of Bishops' College, Lennoxville, was elected 
chairman for the session. Henry Baker, Rector of the 
Freleighs burgh Grammar SchooljWas elected secretary 
pro tern. The Association which was then formed con- 
tinued to hold annual meetings and to increase in im- 
portance until finally, by uniting with others, it grew 
into a Provincial Association, which is still flourish- 
ing, and has its annual sessions. Its efforts have done 
much towards elevating the standard of schools and 
promoting the cause of education in the Province, and 
its growing strength and popularity seem to promise 
grand results in the future. 

Commissioners courts were formerly held in this 
village, and the township and county councils also 
held their sessions here. 

Frost Village was once the head of the Shefford 
Methodist Circuit, and the parsonage was located here ; 
but, as the ecclesiastical history of Sheiford is given 
in the history of Waterloo, the reader is referred to 
that for a further account of the rise and progress of 
Methodism in this section. 

Another individual who was prominent among the 
citizens of this place is Thomas L. Osgood, who came 
here from Hatley, in October, 1829. He began 
keeping hotel at the old stand in Frost Village, in 


November. The first county representative to Par- 
liament being sent from Shefford, the election was 
held at this village, as the principal place in the county, 
on Nov. 29th of the same year. The candidates were 
Le Mesurier of Quebec and Lyman Knowlton of Stuke- 
ly. The latter being successful, the usual festivities 
were celebrated at Mr. Osgood's hotel. When the 
Eebellion of 1837 and 1838 broke out, Frost Village 
being the head quarters of the militia, the hotel 
became their chief rendezvous. Here too, on a cold 
winter night, Wolfred Nelson was brought after his 
capture in the woods, in a most pitiable condition of 
mind and body. Mr. Osgood, with his own hands, 
ministered to his comfort, during the three days pre- 
ceding his being sent to Montreal Jail. Frost Village 
not only became the rendezvous of the volunteers and 
militia, but here, also, during this year came loyal 
French gentlemen for protection from the insurgents, 
among them Major Chaffers and Messrs. Casavant and 
Guereut. These gentlemen stopped at Mr. Osgood's 
house, bringing with them their* books, papers and 
other valuables, and remained , until affairs became 
more settled. During Col. Head's term of service as 
commander-in-chief of the forces, Mr. Osgood had the 
honor of entertaining at his house for some time this 
refined and courteous gentleman. It would perhaps be 
only justice to say, that, although Mr. Osgood kept 
during this exciting time, a house of entertainment for 
the volunteers with the promise of compensation from 
the Government, he has, up to the present time, re- 
ceived none whatever. He remained in Frost Village 
twelve years. After an absence of several years he 
returned to Shefford, and has lived in Waterloo and 


vicinity for the last twelve years. His wife died in 
Waterloo in October, 1868. Mr. Osgood is at present 
in his seventy-ninth year. He has had three children, 
one son and two daughters. The former, Thomas 
Edwin Osgood, died at Frost Village in 1840. 
One of his daughters married Benjamin Haskell, 
Esq., a prominent and very- worthy citizen of Water- 
loo, who was for some years the secretary of Hon. 
A. B. Foster, and who has recently been appointed 
inspector of weights and measures for the district 
of Bedford. The other daughter married Michael 
Mitchell, a surveyor, who has long been a citizen 
of Waterloo. He is very efficient in his vocation, 
and has surveyed many of the railroad routes in this 
and other sections of the Province. 

In the year 1823 a weekly post was established 
between Chambly and Stanstead, and a post office was 
opened at the same time in Frost Village. For 
a long time the mail was carried in summer on 
horseback, one side of a pair of ancient saddle bags 
being used for this purpose ; the other was devoted to 
provisions for the mail carrier and to the pound of tea 
for which inhabitants along his route would occasion- 
^lly send to Montreal. 

On one occasion when returning from Chambly this 
dignitary, having imbibed a little too freely of the po- 
tato whisky with which the country at that time was 
abundantly supplied, lost his way in the dark when 
near the site of Waterloo and wandered into a beaver 
meadow. Early the next morning, loud shouts were 
heard by a passer-by, and on penetrating the marsh, 
which was concealed from sight by bushes, he found 
the mail carrier presenting a forlorn appearance his 



hat being lost, his face and clothes besmeared with 
mud, his horse in the mire up to his sides and unable to 
move. Be it said, however, as one proof of his trust- 
worthiness as a servant of the public, that the mail, 
which consisted of two letters and three newspapers, 
had been preserved intact. 

The Waterloo and Magog Railway is completed 
through Frost Village as far as the western boundary 
of Stukely, but, as yet, none but freight trains have 
ever run over the road. 

At the time the registry office was moved from this 
place to Waterloo a rapid emigration commenced, many 
of the leading families taking up their residence at 
the latter place ; and this migration was increased as 
the railway was completed and the depot erected at 

Although the land around Frost Village affords a 
very pleasant site for a large village, the abundant 
water-power at Waterloo, and the successful operation 
of mills and manufacturing establishments already in 
existence there, rendered it a more desirable location 
for those engaging in business ; hence it became the 
centre of trade and the chef-lieu of the county. 

Frost Village, on the other hand, has continued to. 
decline in importance, many of its buildings having 
been burned, others yielding to the ravages of time so 
that at present it presents a desolate aspect. 


This village is situated in the southern part of the 
township of Shefford, two miles from Frost Village 
and eight from West Shefford. It is adjacent to 
Waterloo Pond, a beautiful little sheet of water some- 
thing less than two miles in length and nearly a mile 
in breadth. 

It is said that the way in which the place received 
its name is this : Several individuals were once en- 
deavoring to fix on a name for the yet unchristened 
settlement when the late Judge Knowlton of Brome, 
who was present, suggested Waterloo, and the sug- 
gestion met with a hearty approval. The name was 
one cherished by the Judge from the fact that he was 
a great admirer Of Wellington, and had taken a deep 
interest in the battle which gave to the Duke his 
crowning laurels and decided the destinies of Europe. 

Waterloo was incorporated Jan. 1, 1867. The limits 
of the village are lots Nos. twenty, twenty-one, twenty- 
two and the south half of lot No. nineteen in the fourth 
range, and lots Nos. twenty, twenty-one, twenty-two 
and the north half of lot No. nineteen in the third 

In speaking of the pioneers we shall mention not 
only those who settled within the limits of the Cor- 


poration, but others who took up land near it and 
were prominent either in developing the resources of, 
the township or in improving its social fabric. 

Silas Lewis from Templeton, Mass., one of the 
" Associates " of Shefford, became an occupant of the 
lot now owned by Lewis Clark as early as 1796. He 
remained there only until 1804, when he sold his land 
and moved to West Shefford. In the following year 
he returned and settled on the lot now owned, in part, 
by his son, Amasa Lewis. Here he died in September, 
1849. He had nine children eight of whom settled in 
Shefford. One daughter became an inhabitant of 

Mr. Lewis was a quiet man, caring little for public 
affairs, and preferring to spend his time chiefly in cul- 
tivating his farm and in providing for his family. He 
was a devoted member of the Episcopal Church. He 
built the first mills erected at the outlet of Waterloo 
Pond, where now the mills of J. C. Ellis stand. Mr. 
Lewis was appointed captain of militia, and held the 
office several years. His daughter Elizabeth was the 
first female child born in the township. He had a large 
family, but only one child, a son, bearing the name 
of his father, lived permanently in Shefford. The 
descendants of these two brothers are numerous in 
this township, and are numbered with its sober and in- 
dustrious citizens. 

The early inhabitants were obliged to go to St Johns, 
forty miles distant, for the most common necessaries 
of life. On one occasion, Silas and Ezekiel Lewis, 
with two or three others, went there on foot, to pur- 
chase salt, which they brought home on their backs. 
In returning, Ezekiel Lewis became so exhausted, that 


he sank down in the forest, unable to proceed farther 
without assistance. The others pushed forward to the 
nearest settlement, procured aid, returned and rescued 
their companion. 

The land and improvements of Silas Lewis, where 
he first settled, in Shefford, were purchased in 1804, 
by Daniel Clark, from Al burgh, Vt. 

Mr. Clark, with the aid of his sons, cleared up the 
greater part of this lot, and lived on it till his death, 
which occurred in 1854. He once let to a man the job 
of felling several acres of forest. One morning, soon 
afterwards, the man commenced work, and continued 
it till nearly noon, when he sought shelter in the house 
of Mr. Clark, from an approaching thunder-storm. It 
raged with great violence, and when the woodman 
returned to his work, to his surprise he found not a 
tree standing of those he had engaged to chop down. 
Mementoes of this event may still be seen, in the 
shape of numerous hillocks, resulting from upturned 

Mr. Clark had six children, three sons and an 
equal number of daughters. The sons all settled in 
Sheiford, and two of them are still living. They are 
quiet, industrious men, and so strong is their local 
attachment that they have never been far from the 
place of their residence. 

John, the eldest child of Daniel Clark, settled in a 
lot adjacent to that of his father, which is now owned 
by his own son, John R. Clark. He died here on the 
14th of February, 1869, in the 78th year of his age. 
He, also, was very strongly attached to his adopted 
township, and was never known to be absent there- 
from more than two weeks at any one time. 


John E. Clark, his son, is one of the active and 
highly esteemed citizens of the township. For seve- 
ral years he was a conductor on the S.S. & C. Railway, 
but is now in trade in the village, and is a member 
of the village council. He has long been connected 
with the Methodist Church, and is regarded as one of 
its pillars. 

Zepheniah Harvey, from Marlborough, Mass., set- 
tled at Frost Village, ShefFord, on the lot now owned 
by Wm. Gr. Parmelee, Esq., in March, 1810. He was 
the first occupant of the lot, and built a block house 
on the site of the house now standing there, and for- ' 
merly occupied by Mr. Parmelee. About twelve years 
after this, he removed to the lot near Waterloo, now 
owned and occupied, in part, by his son Cyrus Harvey. 
There was no house on this lot at the time he pur- 
chased it, but small patches had been cleared, here and 
there, by parties who had consumed the timber in 
making ashes for potash. 

Mr. Harvey was an active, earnest Christian. He 
died July llth, 1858. He had three sons, Cyrus, 
David and Zepheniah. The two latter settled in 
Granby ; the former remained on the homestead, and 
is one of the staunch Christians and industrious far- 
mers of Sheiford. He has four sons; three of whom 
live in Waterloo and contribute their influence to- 
wards industry and respectability. 

The first settlers of Sheiford suffered, like those of 
all new countries, from the incursions and depreda- 
tions of wild beasts. The last excitement, in the vici- 
nity of Waterloo, occasioned by their appearance, 
occurred about a quarter of a century ago. One 
evening Mr. Cyrus Harvey, and his neighbor Mr. 


Longley, hearing wolves howl, went in pursuit of 
them, and discovered that they were on the north 
side of the stream running into Waterloo Pond, near 
their own clearings. They gave notice to the citizens 
of the village, and early in the morning the woods 
were surrounded by men and boys, eager to capture 
the marauders, but, owing to the scarcity of fire-arms, 
the wolves, six in number, and two of them black, 
broke through the line and escaped. 

In 1812, Benjamin Longley, from Marlborough, 
N.H., but originally from Littleton, Mass., settled in 
Shefford. His son, Edmund Longley, now resides 
where his father purchased, and the family name has 
been given to the place, which is known as Longley Hill. 

Soon after coming to Canada, Mr. Longley broke his 
leg, which misfortune made him an invalid during 
the remainder of his life. He died in 1837. He 
had a large family, but his son Edmund is the 
only one whose history is connected with that of 
Waterloo. He has been a very active man, and has 
taken large contracts for grading railroads, not only 
in this section but in other parts of the Province. He 
has held various offices, having been a commissioner 
for the trial of small causes, justice of the peace, 
councillor and mayor of the township. He has two 
sons, Dr. Edmund Longley, now residing in Manson- 
ville, P. Q., who has practiced medicine with much 
success both in the Townships and in Massachusetts, 
and the Rev. B. Longley who is at present pastor of 
the St. James' Wesleyan Church, Montreal. He is a 
young man, graduating from college as recently as 
18*74. The following notice of his graduating honors 
is from the Advertiser of June 12th, 1874 : 


" At the convocation of the University of Victoria 
College, held on the 27th May, we observe that Rev. 
B. Longley of Magog, and formerly of Waterloo, de- 
livered the valedictory oration and took the degree of 
B. A., as Silver Medalist and Valedictorian. He 
also won the Prince of Wales Silver Medal; the 
Webster Prize, First English Essay; the Punshon 
Prize, first in Composition and Elocution ; in the 
Faculty of Arts ; in Theological department the Cooley 
Prize, first in Ethics and Evidences ; and in the 
Literary Association the prize poem. 

This is about the most creditable record we have 
seen for a long time, and Waterloo may be proud of 

William Whitcomb, originally from Winchendon, 
Mass., became an inhabitant of Shefford in 1822. He 
had previously spent a. few years in Vermont and 
New York, and came to Canada at the solicitation of 
Rufus Whitcomb, a younger brother, then residing 
in Shefford, at the place now called Warden, where 
he owned a saw mill and a grist mill. 

William Whitcomb, at the time he decided to emi- 
grate to" Canada, was living in the town of Augusta, 
Oneida County, New York. Leaving that place, he 
had proceeded on his way as far as Watertown on the 
the Black River, when he met an old friend, who 
endeavored to dissuade him from coming to Canada, 
describing it a as cold, barren place where there 
was such a dense growth of white birch that "a 
hog could not get through the woods." Discouraged 
by this account, he decided to remain where he then 
was for a while, and then to return to Watertown. 
Accordingly, he dismissed the man whom he had 


hired and paid to bring his family and effects to' 
Shefford. Shortly afterwards he started out one morn- 
ing on foot, with his boy Mark, to visit his brother. 

Mark (now Major) Whitcomb describes Warden at 
that time as a small clearing where there was only 
one house, and the old mills referred to above. The 
nearest neighbor of his uncle lived a mile distant. 

Finding the country more attractive than had been 
represented by his friend at Black River, Mr. Whit- 
comb returned for his family and lived with his brother 
Rufus a year, after which he took up his residence 
on the lot now owned and occupied by his son, Major 
Whitcomb. He died June 3, 1837, leaving four sons 
and one daughter. These all settled in Shefford, and 
have an honorable social status. 

Mark Whitcomb has ever been a useful, public- 
spirited citizen, one prominently identified with every 
important social, political or religious movement that 
has taken place in the township. He is an old mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, has always held respon- 
sible Church offices, and, by*his earnest efforts, has 
done much towards sustain ing and building up Metho- 
dism in Waterloo. He has been a school commis- 
sioner, councillor, justice of the peace, and major of 

During the Canadian Rebellion of 1837-38 Major 
Whitcomb, (at that time sergeant of militia) heard 
one day that three suspicious-looking individuals 
were secreted in an isolated house at Stukely. The 
Sergeant, after considerable effort, succeeded in get- 
ting a few men to accompany him, and they set out 
in the evening, by moonlight, to ascertain the char- 
acter and business of the persons whose actions were 


the subject of so much comment. On the way to 
Stukely, the party was augmented by other men liv- 
ing along the road they were travelling, until, in all, 
they numbered nineteen. Arriving near the place 
designated, they held a short consultation as to the 
best method of surprising and capturing the inmates 
of the cabin. It was finally decided that they should 
quickly and noiselessly steal up to the door, enter, 
and arrest them, before they should have time to offer 
resistance. But who should be the first to enter? 
As it required more than ordinary courage to open 
the door of a strange house, in the night, in the face 
of enemies, no doubt desperate and well armed, this 
was a question not easily answered. After some hesi- 
tation, however, Sergeant Whitcomb and another man 
volunteered to lead the way.. Silently approaching 
the dwelling, they burst into it and demanded an im- 
mediate surrender. To their chagrin they found that 
the men had fled and that the house was empty. On 
searching, however, they discovered the tracks of the 
fugitives in the light snow that covered the ground, 
and they at once started in pursuit. A few hours, 
subsequently, they overtook them in North Stukely 
and made them prisoners. One of them was the 
notorious Dr. Wolfred Nelson for whose apprehension 
the Provincial Government had offered a reward of 
$2,000 ; the others were an Indian and a Frenchman, 
and all were endeavoring to reach the States. Nelson 
was nearly exhausted from hunger and fatigue. The 
prisoners were brought to Frost Village where they 
were kindly treated and then sent to Montreal, there 
to await, imprison, their trial for treason. The reward 


was equally divided amongst the men who effected the 

Major Whitcomb, has several stories of rencounters 
with wild beasts, but our space forbids the insertion of 
more than one. In his youthful days he and another 
young man were once at work near Waterloo in a road 
leading to Gran by. Suddenly, they were startled by 
a loud bellowing in the woods adjacent, and,on going to 
ascertain the cause of it, found a huge bear despatch- 
ing a young moose. After much shouting on their part 
and throwing of clubs, Bruin retreated, leaving them 
in possession of the moose. 

One of the earliest pioneers at Waterloo, whose 
enterprising spirit gave an impetus to business and 
whose descendants are still, morally and socially, 
among the first citizens of the place, was Hezekiah 
Robinson, Esq. He came from Newfane, Vt., in May, 
1821, and took up his residence in Stukely. He had 
previously been engaged in wooLcarding and cloth 
manufacturing, and, on coming to Canada, at once 
turned his attention to this pursuit. 

He started a carding mill in Stukely, but the 
thought that the outlet of Waterloo Pond afforded 
better facilities for his business than the place where 
he was then located, induced him to purchase in 
Shefford, which he did, in the month of Oc'tober, 
following his arrival in Stukely. 

This purchase consisted of lot No. 21 in the 4th 
range,on which the mills were standing, and on which, 
also, was the frame of a small house, which he moved 
to the spot now occupied by D. Dcirby's office and 
completed for his dwelling. 

It has already been stated that the first mills at this 


place were built by Captain Ezekiel Lewis. These 
were first sold to a man named Lalanne, and he 
subsequently sold them to a man named Lestourneau, 
who in turn sold to Mr. Eobinson. The latter gen- 
tleman built a carding mill and repaired the other 
mills to render them fit for use, and with these differ- 
ent mills he was chiefly employed during the first few 
years of his residence in Shefford, but he never ne- 
glected to do, meanwhile, what he was able to do, to 
build up the township of his adoption. 

In 1829 he opened a store, and in the following 
year erected a new saw mill. In 1832 he entered 
into partnership with Peasely and Copp, two gentle- 
men who had been engaged in mercantile business in 
G-eorgeville, where they had amassed considerable 
property; and the capital they furnished enabled him 
to make changes in his business which he had long 
desired to make, but which, from want of means, he 
had, hitherto, been unable to effect. 

Immediately after the formation of this co-partner- 
ship, the old grist mill was greatly improved, so that 
it answered the demands of the place, until 1835, when 
the one which is still in use here was built. 

In 1841 the co-partnership was dissolved, and Mr. 
Eobinson, having been successful, found himself at this 
time more able to engage in enterprises congenial to 
his tastes. He now built the stone store which has 
long been noted in the Townships for the large amount 
of business transacted in it, and a year subsequently 
entered into partnership with his son Jonathan, and 
son-in-law, B. A. Ellis. About this time he purchased 
a lot of land on which the principal part of the village 
now stands. 


Mr. Bobinson died in 1851, and bis loss was deplored 
as deeply, doubtless, as that of any person who has 
ever died in Waterloo. Coming to this place at a time 
when it was merely a patch in the wilderness, and 
possessing the energy and generous spirit requisite 
to promote the interests of a new settlement, he 
became identified with every enterprise that contri- 
buted to its growth and prosperity. 

So destitute was Waterloo of those conveniences 
and comforts which are found in it at the present 
time, in the early years of his residence here, that he 
was once obliged to travel to Derby, in Vt., a distance 
of forty-five miles, to post a letter, that being the near- 
est point at which a post office could be reached. At 
one time, also, in the history of this thriving village, 
Mr. Robinson's watch was the only time-piece in the 
place, and his was the only team of which the place 
could boast. 

Mr. Robinson earnestly endeavored to induce intel- 
ligent and active men to take up their residence in 
Waterloo, and it was owing to his exertions that 
several men settled here who figure prominently in 
the history of the place. 

His loyalty was unquestioned. During the Eebel- 
lion of 1837 and '38, reports were circulated in Water- 
loo to the effect that the Radicals were intending to 
attack the village, and burn the residences of those 
who were known to be in favor with the Government. 
No sooner had Mr. .Robinson heard this, than he boldly 
hoisted the British flag from the roof of his store, and 
for weeks it floated there as an evidence of his deter- 
mined spirit and the reverence he cherished for the 
British Crown. 


He was devotedly attached to the new country to 
which he had emigrated, and also to the Church of 
England. As a Christian husband, father, friend and 
neighbor, a magistrate and man of business, his char- 
acter was most exemplary,and deservedly commanded 
the respect of all who knew him. 

Among the many contributions that he made for 
benevolent or public purposes, he gave seventeen acres 
of land as a glebe for the Church of England in Water- 
loo, erected in 1843, and subscribed more largely than 
any other person towards its erection. 

Mr. Robinson married Selucia Knowlton, a daugh- 
ter of the late Judge Knowlton of Brome. After his 
death she also subscribed generously for religious 
and educational purposes, and for public improve- 
ments. She gave $400 towards the building of the 
present Anglican parsonage, gave the site for the 
present French School building, and presented the 
Park to the village Corporation. 

Their children were nine in number, all of whom, 
with the exception of one, grew up, married and 
settled in Shefford and in its immediate vicinity. 
Frederick Robinson, their second son, was educated at 
Bishop's College in Lennoxville, and was the first 
student that entered that College from the Townships ; 
also the first native of the Townships ordained from 
that Institution. He was ordained in 1847, and ap- 
pointed to the temporary charge of Coteau du Lac. 
In 1848, he went to Abbottsford, in Quebec, as an as- 
sistant clergyman and incumbent of Rougemont, but 
soon took the whole charge of the parish, and is still 
an acceptable pastor at the same place. 

George Robinson, another son, entered the ministry, 


and was ordained in the Episcopal Church in 1863. 
He took charge of a church in Clarendon in 1864, 
where he still remains, and has become much endeared 
to his parishioners by his earnest and consistent efforts 
as a clergyman. In his earlier years, while with his 
father at Waterloo, he devoted much lime and atten- 
tion to agriculture, and the knowledge he thus ac- 
quired, has made him serviceable to the new settlers 
of the section where he resides. 

Edward Robinson, a younger brother, engaged in 
mercantile business, but death, a few years afterward, 
prevented the realization of his youthful hopes. 

H. L. Robinson, a fourth son, also became a mer- 
chant, and his success may be learned from the follow- 
ing article taken from the Waterloo Advertiser of Sep- 
tember 30th, 1869 : 

" Our village is losing some of its best citizens this 
summer. Aside from those we have, from time to 
time, mentioned as taking their departure from our 
midst, we have this week to announce that Major 
Luke Robinson is about to leave Waterloo to take up 
his residence in the city of Baltimore, Maryland. He 
has been in trade here so long, and is so intimately 
connected with the best interests of the place, that it 
is hard to realize that he is going to leave us. There 
are but few men, if any, who will be more missed than 
he. For any benevolent or public work, Major 
Luke was a ready donor and on this account, as 
well as many others, he will be sadly missed. 
One good quality of his, among many others, was 
the interest he always manifested in the young men 
of the place, A word of encouragement or of advice 
from a man of position is, at some periods in a young 


maVs life, of incalculable benefit. In his new home, 
and in the career opening before him, he will have 
the best wishes of the people of this place for a con- 
tinuation of health, happiness and prosperity." 

Major Robinson, preferring a home in his native 
country, returned after the lapse of a few years, and 
entered into business in Montreal where he still 

Jonathan, the eldest son of Hezekiah Robinson, re- 
mained in Waterloo, and was long known as one of 
the leading merchants and active business men of the 
place. For several successive terms he was the mayor 
of the township and warden of the county of Shef- 
ford. He also filled the position of postmaster here 
for many years, to the satisfaction of all. He died in 
1866. He married Emma J., a daughter of "William 
Dampier, Esq., and she and her children still reside 
at Waterloo, where their influence is justly felt and 

Wm. H. Robinson, their eldest son, commenced the 
study of medicine and passed his primary examination 
at McGill College, where he took the first prize in his 
class. His health failing at this time he traveled ex- 
tensively in Europe, and then returned and entered 
the mercantile firm of Robinson Brothers & Stevens. 
In September, 1871. he was married to Julia M., 
youngest daughter of Zenas Reynolds, Esq. He has 
filled several municipal offices, and was for a time 
secretary- treasurer of the Waterloo Boot and Shoe 
Company a Company that he was largely instru- 
mental in forming. He resigned this position in 
1875 for that of accountant in the Eastern Town- 
ships Bank, at Waterloo, which place he still retains. 


Arthur F. Robinson, his brother, is one of the rising 
roung merchants composing the firm of Robinson, 
Stevens & Willard. 

J. H. Robinson, a still younger brother, is already 
well known as an amateur musician. At the present 
time he is in Europe, for the purpose of completing 
his musical education. 

Charlotte K. Robinson, the eldest child of Heze- 
kiah Robinson, married R. A. Ellis, Esq., who com- 
menced business in her father's store as a clerk, and 
rose by his ability and integrity to one of the most 
influential men of Waterloo. He was a son of Orange 
Ellis, Esq., mentioned in another part of this work, 
and was born in Odelltown, P.Q. His youth was 
spent in Frelighsburg, but for nearly forty years he 
was a resident of Waterloo, and was intimately con- 
nected with all the material interests of the place. 
For several years he was successfully engaged in 
trade, and was regarded by all who knew him as a 
straightforward, reliable man of business. The office 
of magistrate, which he long held, was filled with 
honor to himself, and to the entire satisfaction of 
the county. His success in business had enabled 
him to retire from its perplexities and cares, and, 
during the few years preceding his death, he had 
been quietly closing up his affairs and enjoying the 
repose of the family circle. He was an active and 
consistent member of the Church of England, and 
his house was emphatically the clergyman's home. 
He cheerfully responded to every call of the Church 
on his time or money, and the present Church edifice 
in Waterloo is largely due to his exertions. 

Mr. Ellis died April 2, 1873. There was a large 


attendance at the funeral, and, as a mark of respect 
to the deceased, Judge Dunkin adjourned the Circuit 
Court, then in session, during the service, and he and 
the members of the Bar attended. Not only did the 
business portion of the citizens of Waterloo and Shef- 
ford feel that a void had been created in their midst 
by the death of Mr. Ellis, but a respected family was 
left to mourn his loss. 

Sarah H. Robinson, another daughter of Mr. Ro- 
binson, married Dr. J. C. Butler, whose obituary will 
be found on another page. 

From Hezekiah .Robinson and his descendants we 
pass to another pioneer of Sheiford and founder of 
Waterloo Daniel Taylor, Esq. : 

Mr. Taylor was from Newfane, Vt. He was a cloth- 
dresser, and, previous to coming to Waterloo, in 1823, 
had been for some time engaged at his trade in Clare- 
mont, N.H. On his arrival here he bought a house, 
which stood on the site of the present residence of 
J. B. Malboeuf ; he also purchased the building which 
had been erected by Timothy Harvey for a cloth- 
dressing shop, and at once engaged in his former 
business. He afterwards- became a partner of H. 
Robinson and Charles Allen, Esqi*s., in other business, 
the details of which will be found in the succeeding 
sketch of Mr. Allen. 

Mr. Ta} T lor was twice married ; first, to Mary A. 
Ainsworth, of Claremont, N.H., who died in June, 
1826, and next to Lucia Chase, of Wethersfield, Vt. 
His .obituary, published in the Advertiser of Sept. 23, 
1858, gives us an idea of his moral worth : 

" It is our painful duty to record this week the 
death of Daniel Taylor, Esq., of the firm of Allen & 


Taylor, of this place, one of our oldest and most 
respected citizens. Mr. Taylor had been for some time 
in poor health, but to the last was able to exercise the 
active oversight of his large business. The imme- 
diate cause of his death was paralysis. He was a 
good man, just and generous ; of quiet, unobtrusive 
habits, but of sound judgment, liberal views, and ex- 
alted moral and religious principles. In his social 
relations, he was kind and courteous; no man had 
fewer enemies or deserved them less. He was the 
liberal patron of whatever tended to promote the 
progress of intelligence, morality and religion, and 
his sudden death has created a sad void among us, 
and cast a deep gloom over our entire community. 
' Death loves a shining mark.' Mr. Taylor was buried 
here, with Masonic honours, on the 19th instant, and 
was followed to his grave by a large procession of 
relatives and sympathizing friends." 

He left one daughter and two sons. The daughter 
married Leonard L. Brown, and settled in Dunham, 
where she died in 1875. The sons, Walter A. and 
Edwin A. Taylor, still live in this village. 

The former is one of those cheerful, fun-loving 
individuals,whose presence is a rebuke to melancholy, 
and whose peculiarities, generally, makes him a 
celebrity in the community in which he lives. In 
his youthful days he sought his fortune in Boston. 
His unpretentious appearance made many a specu- 
ating Yankee regard him as an individual with whom 
a profitable trade might be negotiated, but the sequel 
of the trade generally proved that the Yankee had 
emphatically caught a Tartar. 

In 1849, he'married Mary A. Bryant, of Boston, 


and in 1855, he returned to Canada, and engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. 

Though never losing an opportunity of indulging 
his propensity for fun, he nevertheless possesses a 
good judgment, and a quick and clear appreciation of 
character. His influence as a man of business is 
deservedly acknowledged in Waterloo, and he is not 
unfrequently called upon by his fellow-citizens to fill 
one or more of their local offices. He is now a school 

Edwin A. Taylor devoted his early years to farm- 
ing, but on the death of his father in 1858, he and 
his brother took charge of their father's business in 
the firm of Allen & Taylor, and he has ever since been 
a member of that firm. 

Some men obtain influence in a community imper- 
ceptibly and unconscious to themselves. A man who 
unostentatiously pursues his vocation, year after year, 
who is proverbially courteous and honorable in his 
dealings with his patrons, slowly, but surely, secures 
their esteem. Edwin Taylor is a man of this stamp. 
Without ever seeking office or popularity, he holds 
the respect of the citizens of Waterloo with a tenure 
stronger and more enduring than that which could 
bind them to a man continually courting applause. 
His generosity is well known, and no enterprise is 
started which has for its object moral or social im- 
provement that does not receive his cordial support. 
In 1862, he married Ellen M. Lawrence, a daughter 
of Wesley Lawrence, Esq. 

Of those whose histories are identified with that of 
Waterloo, few are more prominent than Charles Allen, 
Esq. He was born in Andover, Windsor Co., Vt. His 


father subsequently removed to Chester, in the same 
state, and the son lived there till he was twenty-one, 
when he went to Troy, N.Y., and apprenticed himself 
as a blacksmith. The following account of his 
arrival in Canada is given in his own language : 

" I arrived in Waterloo on the 31st day of March, 
1825. I was ten days in making the journey from 
Claremont, and had a tedious time of it. Being 
informed at Montpelier, Yt., that I had reached the 
terminus of the stage line, north, I started from that 
place on foot, and, with the exception of an occasional 
short ride I was sometimes fortunate enough to ob- 
tain, I performed the remainder of the journey in this 

" I first came to East Hatley, and started from 
there to Magog, being directed in my course by 
blazed trees. A heavy snow storm set in about the 
time I left Hatley, and, as I was already beginning 
to feel the discomforts of home-sickness, this part of 
my journey was anything but pleasant. I stayed in 
Magog all night, and the next morning, again placing 
my pack on my back, I resumed my journey. After 
travelling about three miles, I was overtaken by a 
man witl^ a two-horse team, to whom I gave half a- 
crown the only money I possessed for a ride to 
Frost Village. This village, at that time, was a lively 
little place, and the only one at all prominent in what 
is now known as the County of Shefford. In Water- 
loo there were but six families when I arrived, and 
their dwellings, together with a shoemaker's shop, 
an old rickety saw.mill, a grist mill, carding and cloth 
dressing shop, and a small hotel, comprised the entire 
village. I was very glad to see my old friends, Daniel 


Taylor and his wife, and their society mitigated in a 
great measure the unhappiness I felt in coming to a 
land of strangers." Mr. Allen engaged to work at 
blacksmithing for Taylor and Hezekiah Robinson, 
very soon after coming to Canada. He was thus 
employed for three months; he then purchased Tay- 
lor's interest in the business, and entered into part- 
nership with Robinson. Having been successful, two 
years afterwards he bought out Robinson, and con- 
tinued the business alone. Possessing much mechan- 
ical ingenuity, and having tools for manufacturing 
sheet-iron and stove-pipe, he was very serviceable as a 
mechanic to the new settlers of the county, and thus 
became widely known. 

In 1829, he married Laura, a sister of Daniel Tay- 
lor. In 1832, his shop, which stood where now the 
shop of Hill & Foss stands, was burned, by which 
fire he lost about everything he possessed. With 
characteristic energy, however^he went to work, and, 
in a short time, erected a much larger and better shop 
on the site of the old one. Uniting his business once 
more with that of Daniel Taylor, in 1835 they built 
a foundry and continued in partnership till 1837. At 
that time, business being much affected by the break- 
ing out of the rebellion, Mr. Allen sold his business 
to Taylor and a man named Stevens, and enlisted in 
a cavalry company in the interest of the loyalists. A 
year after this he was about returning to the States, 
but being earnestly solicited by his friends to remain, 
decided to do so, and soon after, a new copartnership 
was formed, under the name of Allen & Taylor. In 
1839 they opened a store, and this, in connection with 
their other business, they continued together, till the 


death of Mr. Taylor in 1858. The two sons of Mr. 
Taylor then continued the business, representing 
their father's interest in it, until 1865, when one of 
these brothers retired. George H., the second son of 
Mr. Allen, who had for some years been a clerk in 
the business, became a partner in 1861, and still 
remains as such. During the period of all these 
changes the business of the firm has been enlarged, 
new buildings have been erected, and the reputation 
of the firm has increased, until the name of Allen & 
Taylor has become familiar in every household in the 
Townships and to all the business men of the Pro 
vince. At present, they have ten different buildings, 
besides their store, devoted to their business. The 
first of these is a pattern and wood shop, in which 
the woodwork of agricultural implements is made 
and general job work done ; the second is a stove 
fitting shop ; the third a brass and iron foundry, 70 
by 50 feet in size; the fourth an engine house, from 
which proceeds the power by which all their machi^ 
nery is propelled ; the fifth building is a "machine 
shop, brick, 100 feet by 40, two storeys in height, and 
devoted to the manufacture of various kinds of brass 
and iron machinery. In the upper part of this are 
stored the various machinery patterns. The next 
building is a blacksmith shop, and the next, in order, 
is a sample room. Besides these buildings they have 
three warehouses, in the basements of which are kept 
the rough materials, and in the upper rooms the 
manufactured articles. The value of the machinery 
and patterns connected with this business is $20,000, 
and that of the real estate $10,000. From 200 to 300 
tons of iron are manufactured here annually. Anglo 


Saxon manhood is acknowledged to be capable of 
great things, but the granite features of the stock are 
seldom seen with more distinctness than in the life of 
Charles Allen, Esq., who, through unflagging energy 
and perseverance, has become one of the leading 
merchants and manufacturers of the country. 

His ability has long been felt and acknowledged by 
his fellow citizens, who have repeatedly entrusted him 
with municipal offices. He has been a school com- 
missioner and a member of the municipal council for 
many years, secretary-treasurer of the Agricultural 
Society, and also a justice of the peace. It would be 
unfair, however, to deny that his success is owing, in 
part, to the tact and ability of his partners. 

Geo. H. Allen, his son, mentioned above, who is now 
mayor of Waterloo, has long been one of the leading 
men not only of the township but of the county of Shef- 
ford. He has been secretary-treasurer of the Agri- 
cultural Society of the County for twenty years, 
Auditor of the Township and . County several 
times, and has frequently served as municipal 
councillor. His generous off-hand contributions 
for benevolent purposes and enterprises of pub- 
lic utility have made him renowned in Water- 
loo, while his devotion to business, his genial 
manner, clear judgment and fearless way of expressing 
his convictions at once demand from all who know 
him the tribute of unqualified respect. In February, 
1864, he was married to Mary T. Edgarton, daughter 
of J. B. Edgarton, Esq., late registrar of the county of 

Chas. T., the eldest son of Chas. Allen, a worthy 


citizen now living in Shefford, has always devoted his 
attention to farming. 

Daniel Allen, the youngest of the sons, has for some 
years been a clerk for the firm. He is a graduate of 
St. Francis College. After completing his college 
course he commenced the study of Medicine, but was 
obliged to abandon it on account of ill health. Subse- 
quently, he travelled extensively for the purpose of 
regaining his health, and in the course of his rambles 
visited the Holy Land, 

Dr. Rotus Parmelee, whose name is so familiar to 
both young and old in the District of Bedford, may be 
numbered with the pioneers of Shefford. The sketch 
of his life here given was published in the Advertiser 
of July 8th, 1870. 

" Died At Forest Grove, Oregon, 27th May, 1870, 
after a long and painful illness, of a disease contracted 
whilst in discharge of his duty as school inspector, 
Dr. llotus Parmelee, formerly cf Waterloo, P.Q., in 
the 69th year of his age. 

Probably no man was better known in this district, 
or knew so much of the district as Dr. Parmelee, to 
whose memory we devote these lines. His long and 
popular career as Government school inspector was a 
fit supplement of the active years he had devoted to the 
practice of his profession, and the severe toil of those 
early years in the (then) new country where he made 
his home. True, his life did not abound in adventure, 
nor was it marked by achievements to win the world's 
applause, but as one of the pioneers of this aforetime 
wilderness, he was an active participator in the 
struggles -those men made, and has left the present 
generation in posession of cultivated lands where stood 



the wilderness, of comfortable houses in the place 
of the rude dwellings of those days, and of luxuries 
instead of deprivations. The life of such an one is 
worthy of all honor though the great deeds be want- 
ing, One cannot honor too highly those sturdy old 
pioneers, among whom the name of Dr. Parmelee 
stands prominently out. He was born at Fairfax, Yt., 
April 1st, 1802, and even in his childhood days must 
have known something of the life of a pioneer, in a 
country which was then almost a wilderness. To 
obtain a higher culture than that afforded by the 
District school, was no easy task in the early history 
of Dr. Par melee's life. He was ambitious to obtain 
that higher education, however, and in order to obtain 
the funds necessary to pay his way through college 
he taught school from time to time as he went along 
with his studies. He graduated at Yermont Univer- 
sity, Burlington, about the year 1826. Soon after gra- 
duating became to Canada and taught in the Academy 
at Hatley, in Stanstead County. It was while teach- 
ing at that place that he commenced the study of 
medicine with the late Dr. Weston, then a noted prac- 
titioner in that part of the country. In the course of 
his studies he attended medical lectures at Montreal 
and Quebec, and in due time obtained his Diploma. 

In 1829, he married Sarah H., eldest daughter of the 
late Wm. Grinnis, Esq.,of Hatley, and in the same year 
settled in Waterloo, where he continued to reside 
until the last autumn. In those days of bad roads 
physicians were scarce. The newly settled country 
possessed strong arms and stout hearts but wealth was 
wanting. In the extensive and successful practice of 
his profession, in such a country, the young physician 


had a hard life, but for many years he devoted him- 
self unremittingly and uncomplainingly to the arduous 
task of ministering to the bodily ills of a large circuit 
of patients, of which Waterloo was the centre, until 
the increasing population brought an influx of medi- 
cal men, and his own appointment as Government 
Inspector of Schools for the District of Bedford ne- 
cessitated his retirement from the practice of medicine. 
Previous to this, in the political entanglements and 
complications of the troublous times existing in the 
country, growing out of new political combinations, 
he had been brought forward by his friends, as a can- 
didate to represent the County in Parliament. He 
was not ambitious of political honors ; his tastes and 
habits of life found no congeniality in politics, and he 
was just as well pleased that the result of the election 
was not in his favor. He was, however, one of those 
men who deemed the right of suffrage in the nature 
of a solemn act to be consummated vigorously and 
consistently ; and without participating in the many 
exciting contests that shook the County to its centre 
from time to time, he yet always recorded his vote 
for the party which he believed after mature consi- 
deration to represent the principles most advantageous 
to the country ; and for many years he recorded the 
first vote polled in the township of Shefford, until it 
came to be admitted as a sort of customary right or 
privilege which none might gainsay. 

In the early part of 1834 he lost his wife. In 
1 835 he married again, Sarah H., a daughter of late 
Judge Knowlton, and widow of D. W. San born, Esq., 
Newfane, Yt., who survives him. 

From the time of his appointment as school in- 


spector till the day of his resignation he devoted 
himself assiduously to the duties of his office. Under 
his charge were about three hundred schools, besides 
several Academies and high schools, each of which 
he visited twice a year a task requiring energy and 
patience. Owing to bad management and a poor 
scho<51 law he found the schools in this district in a lax 
state, but he at once set himself earnestly to work to 
reform whatever was wrong in the management, and 
to improve the schools that were doing well. It was 
a work in which he took pride as well as delight, and 
he lived to see amazing improvements in scholastic 
matters in the district, before he took oif the harness. 
Out of the educational chaos he brought order ; 
school houses were erected all over the district; 
teachers with higher qualifications were provided; 
interest was evoked in aid of the schools until the 
common schools of this district will bear comparison 
with any in the Province. Those who remember 
how matters stood before Dr. Parmelee received the 
appointment of school inspector, and who watched 
with an appreciative interest his course throughout 
his term of office, cheerfully accord him the credit 
of the great reform which this district has witnessed, 
not many years past, in educational matters. He 
brought the whole power of his strong and active 
mind, and he devoted the whole of his time unceas- 
ingly to education in the district, and he was satisfied 
only with the best results. School commissioners, 
managers and teachers, he kept well up to their 
work, never deviating from the path of duty him- 
self, nor allowing it in those connected with him in 
the work of education. He was one of the pro- 


moters of the District of Bedford Teacher's Asso- 
ciation, and took an active part in its deliberations. 
He was its president for one or two terms, and 
much of the good it accomplished during its exist- 
ence is in main due to his efforts. For many years 
he was an active magistrate, until infirmities and 
the requirements of his office compelled him to 
relinquish that important duty. 

While on a tour for his health, two years since, 
extending to California and Oregon, he was so much 
pleased with the latter state (and having a daughter 
there, the wife of Professor Marsh, of Oregon Uni- 
versity,) he determined to make it his place of abode 
for the remaining years of his life. Accordingly he 
returned to Canada, closed his business, and then took 
his final departure for the Pacific coast. Soon after 
his arrival there a disease which he had long before 
contracted assumed more alarming proportions, and, 
after many months of patient suffering,, he was called 
away to a better land, " a house not made with hands, 
eternal in the heavens." 

Dr. Parmelee was highly respected wherever 
known. He was a descendant of that old Puritan 
stock that settled New England, and he retained 
their firm dislike to vice and their unswerving at- 
tachment to right, not because it was the best policy 
out because it was God's teaching and man's duty, 
He was a member of the Advent Church here for 
many years, and, up to the time of his removal, was 
one of its most active members. He was in all 
respects a zealous and consistent Christian. He 
leaves many relatives in this district to mourn his 
loss, as well as a large circle of friends. 


Besides the daughter alluded to above, Dr. Parmelee 
left one son, Win. G-. Parmelee, whose history, like 
his father's,. has been intimately connected with that 
of Shefford. A man of honor, sobriety and wisdom, 
his influence has long been felt in his native town- 
ship and he has frequently been solicited by his fel- 
low townsmen to accept their most responsible muni- 
cipal offices. Honors of this kind, however, he has 
steadily declined, and wherever we find him holding 
a public office it is because the honor has been literally 
thrust upon him. He has always displayed a lively 
interest in educational matters, and has been one of 
the governors of the Academy at Waterloo, since its 
organization. About sixteen years ago he was engaged 
a clerk in the Eastern Townships Bank, but his 
efficiency soon won for him the place of manager, a 
position he occupied until the commencement of the 
present year, 1876. At that time, his ability as an 
accountant and his trustworthiness as a man of busi- 
ness having become widely known, he was called to 
Ottawa and employed as accountant and chief clerk 
in the Customs Department. 

In 1873, he received the appointment of Justice of 
the Peace, and, during his residence in Waterloo, he 
was frequently called on to exercise the prerogative 
of this office, which he always did with such impar- 
tiality and justice that his decisions were never sub- 
jected to criticism. In 1874 he was one of three 
commissioners appointed under the Great Seal of 
Canada to investigate affairs at the Montreal Post 
Office. In the same year he was elected school 
commissioner of Waterloo. In discharging the 
duties of these various offices he has always been 


actuated, not by self interest but by an inflexible 
regard for rectitude and a desire for the public 
good. Possessed of broad and liberal views with 
an independent spirit, he has ever been above 
the influence of men controlled by jealousy or 
sordid ambition ; indeed, so well known are his 
principles that no one presumes to solicit his aid 
unless conscious that his cause is fortified by reason 
and justice. Amidst all the demands which his 
onerous duties have made on his time, he has not 
neglected the continual cultivation of his mind. A 
great reader, with a desire to exa . ine whatever is 
novel or mysterious. he has kept pace with the progress 
of literature and science, so that he is well informed 
with regard to both past and present events in the 
world's history. As may be imagined, the removal of 
Mr. Parmelee to Ottawa was a source of sorrow to 
the citizens of Waterloo. He was a popular manager 
of the Waterloo Branch of the Eastern Townships Bank, 
and his departure on this account would have been 
more keenly felt had he not been succeeded by a 
popular and very capabje manager, W. I. Briggs. 

Mr. Briggs, like his predecessor, became connected 
with the Eastern Townships Bank as clerk. He was 
first employed at Stanbridge in 1859. Evincing not 
only activity and honesty in this position, but talent as 
an accountant he was promoted to the office of manager 
of the Cowansville branch of the Bank in 1871. Here 
he officiated to the satisfaction of the directors of the 
Bank and of the public generally, until the commence- 
ment of the present year. Faithful and courteous in 
the discharge of his duties, genial in his manner, he 
is regarded by the citizens of Waterloo as a valuable 
acquisition to their society. 


While it is a fact that Hezekiah Robinson, Daniel 
Taylor and Charles Allen, Esqs., were the founders of 
Waterloo, and continued to reside here amidst many 
discouragements, and to perfect enterprises that result- 
ed in public good, it is a fact no less undeniable, and 
in every way worthy of record, that Waterloo is very 
largely indebted for its growth and present nourish- 
ing condition to the daring enterprise and generous 
spirit of the Hon. A. B. Foster. Mr. Foster is a son 
of Dr. Foster, of whom a biographical sketch has 
already been given in the History of Frost Village. 
He was born in Newfane, Vt , in 1817. Like many 
others who have secured a niche in the temple of 
renown, and astonished the public by the magnitude 
of their achievements, he commenced life without 
fortune. His first appearance in business was at 
Waterloo, while only a youth, where he entered into 
partnership with a merchant named Woodward. He 
discontinued this after a short time, went to the 
States, and was engaged for some years with an uncle 
residing in Dummerston, Vt., in building railroads. 
In 1849 he was married to ,Miss Fish. Having ac- 
quired much knowledge of railroads, and of the most 
easy, expeditious and proper method of constructing 
them, in 1841, he took a contract for building a part 
of the Boston and Portland R.R. This being com- 
pleted, he engaged as contractor in building several 
miles of the Vermont Central .Railway on the Southern 
section of that road. Not long after the fulfilment 
of this contract he returned to Canada, and the Grand 
Trunk Railway being then in process of construction, 
he found once more an opportunity to embark in the 
business for which he seemed to have acquired a 


liking, and again appears as a contractor. By this time 
he had become widely known. His enterprising spirit 
winning the admiration of the people of the County of 
Shefford, his success in business assuring them of the 
correctness of his judgment, they began to regard him 
as eminently fitted to represent their interests in the 
Provincial Legislature. Accordingly, at the solicita- 
tions of his friends, he offered himself as a candidate for 
Parliament in the interests of the conservative party, 
and was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1858. 

In 1860 he resigned, and was elected by acclamation 
to the Legislatire Council for Bedford Division, which 
he represented until the Union. Previous to this, the 
Stanstead, Shefford and Chambly Railway had been 
commenced. Mr. Foster was one of the Directors of 
this road, and as its completion seemed to be a matter of 
uncertainty, on account of the lack of funds, he resign- 
ed his office of director and took a contract for com- 
pleting the road from Granby to Stukely Line. 
This labor was successfuly accomplished, and he 
then took a lease of the road for a term of years. 
Soon after this he leased it to the Vermont Central 
Eailroad Co. for twenty years, or until 1882. 

His next step in the way of railroad enterprise 
was building the Montreal Vermont Junction, and 
this was followed by the construction of the South 
Eastern Counties, and the Canada Central Railways. 
At present he is engaged in completing the Northern 
portion of the South Eastern Railway from Sorel to 
Sutton Junction, and the Canada Central Extension, 
commencing at Sand Point, and terminating at Lake 
Nipissing. Among the honors that he has received, 


some years since, he was appointed Lieut.-Col. of the 
1 st Battalion of Shefford Militia. 

It is not surprising that, after having devoted so 
much time to railroad building; after having repeat- 
edly embarked in gigantic railway enterprises, from 
which most men would have shrunk in dismay, he 
should be regarded as the Canadian Railway King. 
In 1867, he was called to the Senate, by Eoyal 
Proclamation, and held this office till 1874, when he 
resigned. During all these immense and varied 
labors, he has not been unmindful of the prosperity 
of the village where he resides. 

We have already said that the completion of the 
railroad, and the erection of railroad buildings at 
Waterloo, tended to produce emigration to the place 
and give a rapid impetus to its growth. To continue 
this growth, Mr. Foster always labored unceasingly ; 
his purse being opened generously for the promotion 
of everything which promised to benefit those already 
here, or offered inducements for others to come. One 
of his first steps towards building up the place was 
to open several new streets, and to make a free gift 
of many desirable building lots to individuals to 
induce them to settle here. He also erected a com- 
modious public house, known as the Foster House, 
besides a goodly number of private residences. He 
built a steam saw- mill, which he afterwards presented 
to the Shaw Brothers, to be enlarged and fitted up for 
a tannery, and also gave to them sufficient land for a 
site. In this way the southern part of the village 
rapidly sprung into existence, and it has ever since 
been in lively competition with the much older part 
known as the Lower Tillage. 


Among the many generous contributions for edu- 
cational and other purposes that came from his hand, 
we mention a few which the citizens of Waterloo 
have reason to hold in grateful remembrance. He 
presented to the village one acre of land for the site 
of an academy, and subscribed largely towards the 
erection of the building. He gave to the Church of 
England the site for their church edifice, and $1000. 
To the Universalist Society he gave the land on which 
their church is built and $200. To the Methodist 
Society he gave the beautiful site on which their 
church stands, containing one acre of ground, the 
brick for their church, and $200. The Roman Catho- 
lics are indebted to him for the site of their church, 
also for liberal pecuniary assistance. The Adventist 
Society has likewise received from him liberal aid. 

In 1865 he built a house in Waterloo, at an ex- 
pense of several thousands, which, for size and 
architectural, beauty vies with any of the private 
residences in and around our large cities, while, for 
the beauty of its surrounding grounds and situation, 
it is unsurpassed. In his business habits, Mr. Foster 
is in a degree anomalous. Reticent with regard to 
his projects, even his friends are frequently in igno- 
rance of his plans until they are well matured, and, 
sometimes, even till they are in execution. Such is 
his memory, that he keeps the details of his immense 
business ever in mind, and is able to define and 
explain it in all its ramifications when occasion de- 
mands, without referring, like most men, to a multi- 
plicity of written documents. With him, to conceive 
is to execute. Generally, when a man projects a 
work of more than ordinary magnitude, he enters 


upon it with many misgivings and with much caution. 
A long time is spent in speculating, pondering and 
consulting. The opinions of others are solicited, and 
even when they are of the most encouraging nature, 
he commences work with a trepidation which is dis- 
heartening to those interested, and which often cheats 
the enterprise of a successful issue. Not so with the 
honorable gentleman of whom we are speaking. When 
he has once conceived the desire to accomplish a 
work, its consummation is certain. Without hesi- 
tation, quietly and confidently, he begins, and, as if 
by magic, everything that can contribute to the fur- 
therance of his schemes is made to offer tribute. 
Possessed of an intuitive perception of character, he 
seldom fails in selecting the proper person to perform 
the work assigned him, and such is the magnetic in- 
fluence that he exerts over his fellows, that he rarely 
meets with opposition. In his business, in later years, 
he has received valuable assistance from his two sons, 
Charles W. Foster and Asa B. Foster, jun., also from 
his sons-in-law, T. A. Knowlton and J. B. Edgarton. 

Having devoted the foregoing pages to the pioneers 
of Shefford, we shall next attempt to give an his- 
torical sketch of the ecclesiastical affairs of the town- 

The following account of the Church of England 
Mission has been prepared for us by the Eev. D. 
Lindsay : 

" The history of the Episcopal Church in this 
village is deeply interesting, from the fact that, hav- 
ing been for many years the only station occupied by 
that Church in this district of country, all the other 
parishes more or less trace their source to it. The 


first regular appointment was that of the Reverend 
R. Whitwell, in the year 1821, during the Episcopacy 
of the first Bishop Mountain. These are the remem- 
brances of the Reverend Mr. Garlick, who is men- 
tioned in Mrs. Day's History of these townships as 
having ministered in this village. No records are 
found of his work. In those early days he did, no 
doubt, what he could in the wilderness, and it is to 
be regretted that no authentic account of his labors 
is to be found. Mr. Whitwell's mission was almost 
without limit the nearest minister of the Church 
being at Dunham. Many a memory of his labors 
still remains in the parish, though his work was rather 
that of a travelling missionary than a settled pastor. 
In 1826 he was promoted to the rectory of Philips- 
burg, where he labored successfully for upwards of 
thirty years, and then resigned his parish, on account 
of growing infirmities, in 1856. He died in the year 
1864. He will always be remembered as a holy, 
self-denying man, one of those early pioneers of the 
Church, who had difficulties to contend with that we 
can scarcely estimate. During his ministry a church 
was completed on Longley's hill, but destroyed by fire 
just as it was finished. West Shefford church, also, 
seems to have been completed, though not consecrated 
till 1833,by Bishop Stewart. This church,with its beau- 
tiful burial-ground, still remains, and is, from its age 
and association, one of the most interesting in the 
Diocese. The church at Frost Village seems to have 
been commenced in 1824, and, after much struggling 
on account of the want of funds, was finally finished 
as an Union church, with an academy in the upper 
story, and dedicated in 1833. This appears to have 


been the only building specially set apart for the 
public worship of God, in this part of Shefford, until 
the church was built in Waterloo. The district school- 
houses being used then, as they are now, in new 
places, for the purpose of religious worship. 

Upon the resignation of Mr. Whitwell, the Rev- 
erend George A. Salmon was appointed by Bishop 
Stewart, and it was during his ministry that the 
Union Church in Frost Village was first occupied and 
the church at West Shefford consecrated. He was 
very much respected for his high Christian character, 
and the zealous and punctual performance of his duty. 
Failing health obliged him to resign in 1838. He 
returned to Simcoe, Ontario, and was occupied in 
teaching and taking occasional duty. 

He was succeeded in the Mission by the Reverend 
A. Balfour, who was appointed by Bishop Mountain 
in 1838. Mr. Balfour still survives, and is living at 
Kingsey, in honorable retirement from active work, 
which his many labors in years past have amply 
won. He has kindly sent a few reminiscences of his 
work, from which we make the following extract : 
He says that upon his entrance to the Mission, except 
the Stations of West Shefford, Waterloo, Frost Village 
and South Stukely, the church maintained a strug- 
gling existence. It was not generally known nor 
heard of without prejudice. The nearest clergyman 
on the East was Hatley, and at the West at Abbotts- 
ford and Dunham. On the North and South to the 
French Country or the Province Line, our church had 
not a cordial greeting. Taking in the state of the 
roads and the discordant elements of religious thought, 
it was a formidable undertaking to cultivate this moral 


wilderness. The Church, working on its old lines, had 
enough to do to hold weakly its own ground. The 
Village of Waterloo receiving always the first consi- 
deration and holding its regular services in the old 
school house, until about the year 1848, when, through 
the zealous exertion and liberal aid of H. Eobinson, 
Esq.,one of the first enterprising and successful sel tiers 
of the village and chief supporter of the church a 
church edifice, which had been commenced in 1843, 
was completed on an elevated and then central ground, 
giving a free access to the country parts by the newly- 
opened road. As necessity called, or a door freely 
opened, Mr. Balfour^spread his canvas, taking a stand- 
ing at every school-house promising a good result, 
on all sides of Waterloo, and seldom failed in gather- 
ing a Church Congregation at North Shefford, Rollins 
Hill, Roxton, Granby Village, South Ridge, South 
Ely and North Stukely, while the more sparsely 
settled Townships of Bolton, Brome and Potton 
received an occasional or periodical visit. To 
these remote settlements he was frequently called 
for the customary funeral sermon, which, though 
a heavy tax, was always cheerfully given. Here 
it may not be irrelevant to note an incident in con- 
nection with Potton : A gentleman by the name 
of Perkins became a resident of Waterloo, and con- 
ducted a tannery at that place. He said he had never 
attended Episcopal worship before ; this man and his 
family became attached to the church, and, being an 
educated and exemplary man, he was a great acqui- 
sition. After some years he purchased a farm in 
Potton, near Mr. Hanson's mill, and took his family 
there. Being warmly interested in the church, he 
eagerly desired to have it with him in Potton. He 


invited Mr. Balfour to visit him and hold service there, 
also requested him to intercede with his Lordship 
Bishop Mountain to that end. This was accordingly 
done, but without any immediate effect. This gentle- 
man is now dead, but lived, I believe, to see the 
church established there. 

It must be confessed that, during the twelve years 
of Mr. Balfour's incumbency, the church became well 
and favorably known and sought after. Within this 
period, however, he was relieved on one side by the 
appointment of the Rev. Mr. Slack to the mission of 
Granby; and, through the public spirit and liberal 
zeal of Hon. P. H. Knowlton, the 1 church was 
established and endowed in the Township of Brome, 
which owes so much to the fostering care of its dis- 
tinguished benefactor and patriotic statesman. 

Mr. Balfour was succeeded by Mr. Whitten in 1850, 
and, in the early part of 1851, Frost Village and 
Stukely were formed into a new mission under the 
Eev. David Lindsay. The first church of St. Luke's 
was consecrated by Bishop Fulford, in 1851, and was 
for many years the only church in this village, a very 
different state of things from what exists now. North 
Shefford also become part of Granby Mission in 
1852. In 1862, Frost Village was united to Water- 
loo, and a new mission formed of which West Shef- 
ford was the centre. Mr. Whitten took charge of 
the latter, where he lived till he went with his family 
to Nebraska, in the year 1871, and was succeeded by 
the present incumbent, the Rev. R. D. Mills. The 
Rev. David Lindsay was appointed to Waterloo in 
1862. The growth of Waterloo, consequent upon the 
completion of the railroad, had its effect upon the 
Episcopal church as well as other bodies. The church 


edifice was no longer in the centre of the village, nor 
was it in size adequate to the wants of its members. 
The present church was opened in December, 1870, 
and the old one taken down a few months afterwards. 
Duke Roberts, Esq., has since built a handsome house 
on the place it formerly occupied. The new church 
enters upon its work under circumstances very 
different from the earlier history of the parish, and 
we can only trust that it may be as successful as its 
more humble predecessors, whether of school house 
or church, in which so many members of the church 
who have passed away have met for prayer and 
praise. The following list of churches may not be 
uninteresting, showing as it does the growth of 
the little company, which looked to this place for 
its spiritual sustenance, and under whose pastors 
these churches at one period or another of their 
history, have been more or less cared for and tended. 
It tells also of a material progress, the trials of 
which we, whose lines are fallen in pleasant places, 
ought to keep in remembrance and think what fields 
there are to which we can give the same spiritual 
culture which our predecessors have given to the 
fields we have entered, and so leave behind us, as 
they have done, memories which can never fail : 

West Shefford, North Shefford, 

Frost Tillage, Iron Hill, 

Stukely, Potton, 

Fulford, Bolton Centre, 

Knowlton, Bolton East, 

Brome Corners, Bolton South, 

Granby, Boscobel, 

Milton, North Ely. 


We should be doing injustice to our readers, should 
we omit a sketch of a clergyman who, like Mr. Lind- 
say, has lived and labored for a quarter of a century 
in a township whose history we are writing. Mr. 
Lindsay was born in London, in 1821, and spent his 
boyhood in that city. He came to this country in 
1843, having, in the meantime, spent some little 
time in England ; he went to Lennoxville in 1849 to 
study for the ministry. He was sent by Bishop Ful- 
ford as lay reader, to Waterloo, in December, 1850, 
and was ordained Missionary for Frost Village and 
Stukely in March, 1851. In 1862, Waterloo and 
Frost Village were united, when Mr. Lindsay was 
appointed Incumbent, Mr. Whitten going to West 
Shefford at the same time. In 1874 he was appoint- 
ed Eural Dean of the district of Bedford. He has 
built churches at Fulford, Frost Village, Stukely, 
and started missions at Boscobel and South Ely. 

The life of Mr. Lindsay, during his residence in Shef- 
ford, has been one of earnest, patient and unremitting 
toil. Keenly alive to the responsibility resting upon 
him as a minister of the gospel, he has devoted his 
time and all his physical and mental energies to the 
furtherance of the work he has had in hand. He has 
warmly espoused the 'temperance cause, and there is 
no doubt that his exhortations and lectures, united 
with his example, have done much good in this direc- 
tion. A lover of literary pursuits, he has always 
endeavored, by the encouragement of schools, libraries 
those around him, and it has ever been a source of 
sorrow to him to see the young of his parish neglect- 
and literary societies, to awaken a taste for them in 
ing the cultivation of their minds. Hia works of 


benevolence are manifold, and in them he has always 
been ably and heartily assisted by Mrs. Lindsay. 

The preachers of the Methodist Church commenced 
their labors in the Eastern Townships in the year 

Itinerant preachers from the States had frequently 
visited Shefford and labored here, but the first Mis- 
sionary sent by the English Conference was Eev. 
Thomas Caterick, who came in 1821, and was stationed 
here as the incnmbent for three years the utmost 
limit of Methodist itinerancy. 

In the interval between 1823 and 1876, the follow- 
ing ministers have been stationed here: Revds. W. 
Squire, Thos. Turner, Eichard Pope, Jas. Booth, Wm. 
E. Shenstone, Adam Townley, Thos. Turner, JohnB. 
Selley, John Tomkins, Thos. Campbell, E. S. Ingalls, 
Hugh Montgomery, Malcolm McDonald, Eufus A. 
Flanders, Giiford Dorey, Wm. A. Bake well, John 
Armstrong, John Tomkins, J. P. Lews, Joseph E. 
Sanderson, M.A., Alfred H. Rayner, B.A., Wm. Gal- 
braith, W. W. Eoss, Wm. H. Peake, John Armstrong, 
L. Hooker, Wm. Timberlake, J. M. Hagar, B.A., 
Allan Patterson, D. Connolls, and E. M. Taylor, B.A. 

It has already been stated that the first building 
used by the Methodisfcs in Shefford specially for 
public worship was erected at Frost Village. The 
first Methodist churh at Waterloo was built in 1864, 
and it^was opened for divine service in the month of 
July of that year. This was burnt on the 18th day of 
February, 1868. Another was soon erected on the site 
of the old one at an expense of something over six 
thousand dollars, and this was ready for use in June, 


After several divisions and subdivisions of the Shef- 
ford Circuit, Waterloo was set apart as a station for 
one minister, at the Conference of 1876. .Rev. D. 
Connolly is the present incumbent, and, being an ear- 
nest, able minister^e seems to be working to the 
general satisfaction of his people. 

The number of communicants belonging to the 
Church at Waterloo is one hundred and fifty, the num- 
ber of adherents about four hundred. 

Some years ago the Rev. Thomas Charbonnel, 
Methodist, came to Shefford, and labored amongst the 
French population of the township, and formed a 
society at Saxby's Corners. At the time of his 
arrival, there were but a few Protestant French fami- 
lies in the township. In 1872, he was succeeded by 
the Rev. J. A. Dorion, who has labored in Shefford 
and in* adjacent townships with good success. He has 
formed a French Methodist Society in Waterloo which 
has about twenty-five members. Their services, as 
yet, are held in a school house. 

The Advent Church of Waterloo was organized in 
1851 ; Elder R. Hutchinson being pastor. He resigned 
in 1855, when Rev. J. M. Orroek, who had been 
associated with him became pastor of the church, 
which office he held until 1866, when he was called 
to Boston, Mass., to take editorial charge of the 
Advent now Messiah's Herald; a position he still 
occupies. He was a successful pastor, an able ex- 
pounder of the Word, and now conducts the paper 
with marked ability. 

Among the principal contributors to the house of 
worship were Dr. R. Parmelee, L, Taylor, W. O. Law- 
rence, E. A. Taylor, W, A. Taylor, Cyrus Harvey and 


Jonathan Allard. The building was dedicated February 
27th, 1862. After Elder Orrock resigned, the church 
was for a time without a pastor. In 1868, Eev. G. W. 
Burnham, of Newburyport, Mass., became pastor, 
preaching here and at Magog, alternately. He was a 
very earnest and successful laborer. In 1869, Eev. W. 
B. Kinney was called to the pastorate ; he remained six 
years. He was a scholarly gentleman, popular with 
all sects of Christians. He is now pursuing his studies, 
though with precarious health, at the Baptist Theo- 
logical Institution, Newton, Mass. He was succeeded 
by the Eev. S. F. Grady, an energetic young man of 
sterling piety, who is still laboring here with a good 
degree of success, as is evidenced by the growing 
interest and increasing congregations. This church 
once numbered one hundred and fifty members, but is 
now much smaller, owing to deaths and removals. 

The following has been kindly furnished us by a 
member of the Universalist Church of Waterloo : 

" In the summer of the year 1827 or 8, when there 
were but few families settled in this vicinity, Rev. 
Joseph Ward made an appointment to preach in the 
school house at Frost Village, and the news was 
spread abroad. When the time came, Mr. Charles 
Allen of Shefford, Mr. Elijah Goddard from Stukely, 
Artemus Stephens, Benjamin Martin, Daniel Taylor, 
and their families, or parts of them, and others were 
present. This was but a year or two after Mr. Chas. 
Allen first came into Shefford. He was a Univer- 
salist when he came into Canada, as were the most of 
those, if not all, who were present at the meeting 
above mentioned at Frost Village. Mr. Ward was 
then living in Stanstead. This was the first preach- 


ing of this sect of Christians in this vicinity. The 
next summer Mr. Thomas Wheeler was ordained in 
Frost Tillage by Rev. Joseph Ward and Rev. Joseph 
Baker. There was no more preaching for a year or 
two after this, until Rev. Eli Ballou came into these 
parts and preached in various places ; there being no 
churches, these men held their meetings in school 
houses for the most part. About the year 1831, Rev. 
Eli Ballou was prevailed upon to come to Knowlton 
one-fourth of the time. His time was all employed, 
as the other three Sabbaths he preached in other 
places. He remained upon that circuit a year, and 
then the people in the vicinity of Knowlton were 
without preaching for a time until the year 1835. 
At this time there was an association formed, 
taking in the three counties of Shefford, Brome and 
Missisquoi. Geo. Cook of Brome was secretary. 
This association obtained the services of Rev. Joseph 
Baker, who came and preached at Waterloo, Warden 
and other places. He was here about a year, and 
during that time there was a great meeting at Dun- 
ham Flat, and at this meeting the Sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper was observed. The church in which 
this meeting was held is now gone. Reverends 
Joseph Ward, Joseph Baker and Eli Ballou were 
present, and took part in the religious services. 

About this time, the secretary of the association 
Geo. Cook, died, and, the Rebellion breaking out, there 
was no more preaching, and no efficient work for 
some time. A Rev. Mr. Sargent came and preached 
for a time, but did not remain long. He afterwards 
became a lawyer. 

About 1855, a new association was formed, and 


'illiam Fuller of East Farnham was chosen presi- 
dent. Rev. Mr. Chapin was then hired, and preached 
at Waterloo, Warden, Knowlton, Dunham, Stanbridge 
and East Farnham. Mr. Chapin remained about a 
year. After this there was only occasional preach- 
ing, by Revds. Eli Ballou and C. P. Mallory in the 
vicinity of Waterloo, and Rev. Y. G. Wheelock in 
Stanbridge and Abercorn. 

In the year 1869, Rev. Geo. W. Quinby of Augusta, 
Maine, came to Waterloo by invitation of Mr. Chas. 
Allen, and preached a few evenings; and on the 
Sabbath following, while he was in the place, he 
induced the Universalists, who were then quite nume- 
rous, to move in the direction of building a church. 
A subscription was circulated the following spring, 
and the friends signed liberally. Chas. Allen, Esq., 
and the Shaw Company were the largest subscribers, 
each giving $1,000. Wm. Clark, Chas. S. Hall, J. B. 
Edgarton, Mr. Hayes, of West Shefford, and J.. C. 
Ellis were also liberal subscribers. It was finished 
that autumn at a cost of $10,000. A nice organ 
was put into it at a cost $1,600, and, on the 22nd 
day of February, 1871, the church was solemnly 
dedicated to Almighty God. Rev. Geo. W. Quinby 
preached the dedicatory sermon. Rev. James Mars- 
den was called to the pastorate from the Second Uni- 
versalist Church in Portland, Maine. Mr. Marsden 
remained with them until the first of May, 1872. He 
did much for their prosperity. In April, 1871, he 
organized a church. He brought the Sabbath School 
into quite a flourishing condition, and gave tone arid 
strength to the pastorate generally. 

In November, 1872, the Rev. H. J. Whitney, a 


young man from the Divinity School at St. Lawrence 
University, was called to the pastorate. He was a 
young man of much talent, and was liked very much 
by the people. In his care they prospered, especially 
financially. When he came, a large debt was weigh- 
ing them down, which he managed to greatly lessen. 
He was obliged to return to the States about the 
first of January, 1874. 

Rev. W. P. Payne came shortly after the departure 
of Mr. Whitney. He was not permanently settled as 
pastor, but remained with them about three months. 
He was much esteemed by the people. 

From the first of May, 1874, the church was with- 
out regular preaching and pastoral work until the 
first of the September following. Brother Thomas 
Thompson, a young man in his third year at the 
Divinity School, preached to good acceptance a part 
of the time. 

About the first of September, 1874, the church 
called the Rev. L. S. Crosley, a young man just 
graduated from the Divinity school. He was a man 
of great piety, and much beloved. He was a great 
worker, and his zeal led him to overwork at times, 
and, being of feeble health, he soon broke down. He 
has since partially regained his health, and is at 
work again in the Master's vineyard. Immediately 
after Mr. Crosely went away the Rev. S. S. Davis was 
called to the pastorate." 

Mr. Davis is a native of Eddington, Maine. He 
was educated at St. Lawrence University, St. Law- 
rence Co., N.Y., where he graduated in 1871. He 
was ordained in 1873. Previous to coming to Water- 
loo, in 1874, he preached eighteen months in East 


Montpelier, Vt. A studious and able man, his minis- 
trations have been very acceptable to his congrega- 

" During all these years the cause has been steadily 
gaining ground; and since the church edifice was 
built, whenever the pastor has been obliged to be 
away, or whenever there would occur an interval 
when no minister could be obtained, Bro. H. Rose 
has occupied the pulpit, using the service book and 
reading the sermon. 

" The society now numbers about forty families, 
and the church forty-seven members. The Sabbath 
School takes all the children of these families and 
many others." 

The following history of the E. C. Church of 
Waterloo has been prepared for us by request : 

The greater part of the territory now included 
in the parish of St. Bernardin de Waterloo belonged 
formerly to the parish of St. Franois Xavier de 
Shefford, where service was conducted by Rev. Chas. 
Boucher, the first resident cure. 

In 1859, there was only one Catholic family in 
Waterloo, and there was only a few Catholic families 
in the surrounding country, principally on the south 
and west sides of the Mountain. From that date the 
population increased, particularly in the village, to 
such an extent that the Rev. Chas Boucher thought 
best to call a meeting of his Parishioners at the Court 
house, the 17th August, 1862, to devise means to con- 
struct a church in the centre of the village. A sub- 
scription list was opened, and through the energy of 
Messrs. Jos. Lefebvre, Joseph St. Denis, N. Y. D. 
Labonte, Ed. Perras, Charles Gregoire, and Louis 


Brodeur, who visited each of the parishioners at their 
domiciles to solicit their aid, a sufficient sum was 
raised. Seeing this, the Hon. A. B. Foster gratuitous- 
ly gave to the Rev. Chas. Boucher and his successors 
in office a piece of land in block nine of the village 
plan. The deed of donation was dated 30th Nov., 
1863. "Work was commenced on the new church and 
continued until the following Spring. 

About the beginning of the Autumn of 1864, the 
Rev. Chas. Boucher was transferred to the Parish of 
St. Liboire, and was replaced here by Rev. P. E. 
Gendreau, then Vicar at Compton. Knowing well 
what he had to do in this young and struggling 
Parish, with a characteristic spirit of enterprise, Mr. 
Gendreau spared neither trouble nor fatigue to carry 
to successful issue the work commenced by his pre- 
decessor, hindered to some extent by difficulties 
which arose in the course of the summer. He made 
arrangements with the Hon. A. B. Foster, and with 
the pecuniary assistance obtained from the Hon. 
Senator, he was able to recommence work upon the 
church, finishing it, so that he had the good fortune 
of celebrating the first Mass in Waterloo on Christ- 
mas Day, 1864. In the course of the January follow- 
ing, he made a visit throughout his parish and ascer- 
tained that there were forty rnine families, comprising 
two hundred and ninety-seven souls. Upon the 
authorization of the Bishop of St. Hyacinthe, he left 
West Shefford and established himself at Waterloo, 
about the last of April, 1865. 

The Parish was canonically erected the 23rd 
September, 1865, and the first wardens were elected 
on the 31st day of December, of the same year. The 


6th- February, 1866, the church was formally opened 
by its dedication and the benediction of a bell, weigh- 
ing 817 Ibs. The Rev. Misael Archambault, Cure of 
St. Hugues, presided at the benediction of the 
church and bell. 

The civil acknowledgement of the Parish took 
place on the 8th of February, 1866, but the decree 
was proclaimed only on the 26th March following. 
During the month of June following the Parish was 
honored by receiving a visit from Monseigneur Chas. 
Larocque, Bishop of St. Hyacinthe r who gave the 
Sacrament of confirmation to one hundred and 
thirty-eight persons. About the end of September, 
1868, the Rev. Mr. Gendreau, upon the order of his 
Bishop, left Waterloo for Cookshire, his departure 
occasioning great grief to his flock. He was replaced 
by the Rev. Alph. Phaneuf, at Waterloo, who took 
possession of his Parish on the 25th September, 1868. 
Besides the duties of his ministry he "was oblig ed to 
toil for the liquidation of the debt upon his church, 
in which he was successful through the gene- 
rosity of the members of his Congregation. At 
that time the Cure had no Presbytery, but on the 
3rd September, 1870, the Fabrique purchased the 
house of Mr. Toussaint Bachaud for that purpose, 
and it has been used as such since. At present the 
Rev. Mr. Phaneuf is working indofatigably to cause 
the erection of a new church, to be in no respect 
behind the other church buildings of the place, and a 
convent for the education of his numerous parish- 
ioners. Mr. Phaneuf is a gentleman much esteemed. 
A person of retiring manners, a fluent and interesting 
speaker and an earnest worker, he has the warmest 


affections of his congregation. The census made- by 
Mr. Phaneuf, in January, 1875, showed, in the limits 
of the village municipality, one hundred and fifty- 
three families, and in the parish outside of the village 
limits, one hundred and five, making a total of two 
hundred and fifty-eight Catholic families in the whole 
parish, with a population of 1,295 souls. The number 
of baptisms, marriages and burials, from the 25th 
October, 1865, to the 1st July, 1876, are as follows, viz. : 

Baptisms 754 

Marriages 103 

Burials 263 

The first school house in Waterloo was erected in 
1825, near the site of Gilmour's block. Waterloo has 
never been without very fair school accommodations. 
As early as 1860, before the town had assumed much 
importance in population and wealth, a few promi- 
nent citizens took preliminary steps for the establish- 
ment of a high school or academy. With an ener- 
getic determination worthy of the people, plans were 
at once discussed, adopted and carried out, which 
resulted in the completion of an academy building in 
1862. This was entirely accomplished by private 
means, and not by any assistance from the muni- 
cipality. On Monday, the 22nd December, 1862, the 
school was opened with R. W. Laing, M.A., as Prin- 
cipal, assisted by an efficient staff of teachers. The 
academy was ably managed by a Board of Trustees 
for a number of years. Principal Laing, a gentle- 
man of large experience as a teacher, and a ripe 
scholar, remained here till the autumn of 1869, when 
he resigned to accept a better position in a College 
in one of the Western States. He was succeeded by 


Mr. C. E. C. Brown. In 1870, the academy came 
into the hands of the School Commissioners, and a 
graded school was established. Mr. Lane, B.A., was 
the first principal under the new regime. He was 
followed the next year by Mr. Charles W. Bastable, 
who remained but one year. Edward Archibald next 
assumed the principalship, which he held for nearly 
two years, and resigned to enter the Episcopal 
ministry, Rev. W. B. Kinney and C. A. Jackson 
completed the unexpired term of his second year. 
Mr. C. Thomas became Principal in 1874, and still 
holds the position. The academy has always main- 
tained a high place among the educational institu- 
tions of the Province, and many young men have 
left it to matriculate at the University, or enter upon 
the battle of life. 

While for municipal purposes Waterloo and the 
township of Shefford were divided by the incorpora- 
tion of the former in 1867, the school interests of the 
municipalities remained united until the summer of 
1874. In June of that year, by an order of Council, 
Waterloo was established into a separate school 
municipality, with same limits as the municipal cor- 
poration. The management of both school munici- 
palities has been facilitated and rendered more satis- 
factory by this change. The township has an excel- 
lent system of common schools. A French model 
school building was erected in Waterloo, at a cost of 
$2,500, a few years ago, and is largely attended by 
the French Canadian children. The Township School 
Board is composed of the following gentlemen : 
William Chapman, Chairman ; John L. Cleary, Lewis 
E. Richardson, Francois Desmarais, jun., and James T. 


Booth. The following gentlemen are at present on 
the Waterloo School Board. : Thomas Brassard, 
Chairman ; Wm. Clark, Walter A. Taylor, Orrin 
Pickle and A. F. Savaria. 

The early history of the Waterloo Advertiser is 
given in the succeeding sketches of Mr. Huntington 
and Mr. Noyes. The latter gentleman transferred his 
interests in the paper, January 1st, 1870, to H. Eose, 
who for some years previous had been engaged in 
newspaper editorial work in different parts, of the 
Townships. Mr. Rose has always taken an active 
part in the temperance cause, and from this, and the 
warmth with which he has espoused other movements 
calculated to elevate the morals and intelligence of 
the community, he has proved himself a worthy 
citizen. He has recently opened a book store in 
Waterloo, in connection with which he, also, has a 
book-bindery. In the early part of the year 1875 he 
sold the Advertiser to Parmelee & In galls, two young 
gentlemen who still have the paper in charge. C. 
H. Parmelee is editor, and, although quite young, his 
able management of the paper, and the talent which 
he displays as a writer, bespeak for him a prosperous 

Like every chef-lieu of a county, Waterloo has 
always had its quota of advocates. Foremost in the 
list of these stands the name of the Hon. L. S. 
Huntington. Although he long since ceased to be a 
citizen of this township, the interest that he has 
always taken in it, and the affection that still lingers 
in the inhabitants for their former representative, 
demand that a sketch of his life shall have place in 
these pages. The Hon. Lucius Seth Huntington 


Postmaster General, was born on the 26th day of 
May, 1827, at Compton, P. Q. His ancestors came 
from Norwich, England, to Massachusetts, in 1663, 
and in the early part of this century his grandfather 
emigrated to Canada, taking up his abode in Compton. 
His father, Mr. Seth Huntington, also resided there 
until his death in 1875. The maiden name of Mr. 
Huntington's mother was Hovey, also from New 
England, of English stock. The Hoveys were 
among the Associates to whom the township of Hatley, 
in Stanstead County, was patented by the Crowu. 

Mr. Huntington received his education in the com- 
mon schools and academic institutions of the Eastern 
Townships, finally fitting himself for a college course 
at the (then) celebrated Brownington Seminary, Vt., 
but was prevented from carrying out his design of 
matriculating for college training. During his 
studies there were many gaps caused by his teaching 
in the common schools. In these days he was a 
frequent participant in the debates of the village 
lyceums, and those who knew him then state that 
he was a ready debater and vigorous speaker, giving 
ample promise of that success which was destined to 
be attained. 

After leaving Brownington,' Mr. Huntington com- 
menced to study law at Sherbrooke with Judge 
Sanborn ; teaching during his studies at Hatley and 
Magog and finally Shefford academy, then located at 
Frost Village and in high repute. One of his pre- 
decessors in the latter institution was Judge Doherty 
of Sherbrooke. While at Frost Village Mr. Hunting- 
ton met and finally married Miram Jane, only 
daughter of Major David Wood. For a short time 


he engaged in mercantile pursuits at th'at place. 
He was admitted to the Bar in 1853, at Three 
Eivers, to which section of the Bar the District of 
St. Francis then belonged. At that time there 
certainly was not a rich opening for a professional 
man. The courts were all held at Montreal, rail- 
roads there were none, the country but sparsely 
settled, and the Eastern Townships very different 
from what they are to-day. 

In 1856, Mr. Huntington started the Advertiser at 
Knowlton, Brome Co., in conjunction with the late 
Hon. P. H. Knowlton and Hiram Foster, Esq., the two 
latter retiring in a short time. The Advertiser com. 
menced with many grand objects in view for which 
to battle in the interests of these Eastern Townships. 
It is strange to read to-day in the Prospectus of that 
paper, that the Eastern Townships " are excluded by 
nature from easy access to the great commercial marts 
of the country, and that such exclusion is but a type 
of the political isolation to which we have been uni- 
formly doomed." It was true, however, at that 
time. Decentralization of the law Courts, represen- 
tation in Parliament by men personally interested in 
the Townships, the opening up of the country by 
railways, and the development of our agricultural, 
mining and industrial resources, are some of the 
questions of which his paper became the fearless 
champion. Vigorous and sparkling editorials soon 
attracted the attention of the public to these subjects, 
and the rare powers of organization which he pos- 
sessed enabled him to take advantage of the public 
opinion he had helped to create therein, and effect 
combinations which ultimately brought success 


Without the Advertiser and Mr. Huntington, pro- 
bably, these necessary reforms would have been 
achieved, but that both he and his paper hastened 
their accomplishment many years, cannot be gain- 
say ed. The outlook for success was dismal at times, 
and the early fyles of the Advertiser show not only 
the means at work for and against, but also the undis- 
mayed courage of Mr. Huntington under disap- 
pointments that must have discouraged any but those 
possessed of the largest faith. 

About that time the agitation for the construction 
of the Stanstead, Shefford and Chambly R.B. began 
of which Mr. Huntington became an early and active 
promoter. He was appointed secretary of the road 
shortly after its incorporation, and with a short inter- 
mission, held that post until his resignation in 1874, 
when he was appointed a director. 

In July, 1857, the Advertiser was removed to 
Waterloo, where Mr. Huntington opened a law-office, 
having been practising at Knowlton whilst his paper 
was published there. He retired from the Advertiser 
in 1863. In September, 1857, he entered into a 
law partnership with the late A. B. Parmelee, Esq., 
which continued until October, 1858. Shortly after- 
wards he opened an office in the " Old Advertiser 
building," where his sign remained as L. S. Hmnting- 
ton until 1861, Huntington & Lay (the late John B. 
Lay) from 1861 until 1864, Buchanan & Huntington 
from 1864 until 1865, Huntington & Leblanc (the late 
Joseph LeBlanc) from 1864 until 1866, Huntington, 
LeBlanc & Noyes from 1866 until 1871, and since that 
time as Huntington & Noyes. He was created a 


Queen's Counsel in 1863. At the Bar he had a large 
practice. A fluent speaker, he possessed the faculty 
of making his points concisely and clearly, and his 
professional aid was much sought. 

For a short period he was secretary-treasurer of 
Shefford, and was for one term municipal councillor. 
He presented himself for parliamentary honors in 
1860, for the first time, having M. A. Bessette, Esq., 
for his opponent, the result being a tie. Both sides 
demanded a scrutiny, but before a decision was reached 
the house was dissolved. In 1861, he was elected over 
F. E. Blanchard, Esq. On the formation of the Mac- 
donald-Dorion Administration, in 1863, he accepted 
office as Solicitor-General East, and at the general 
election which followed defeated his old opponent, Mr. 
Bessette. In 1867, the first Dominion election, he ran 
against and defeated the late A. B. Parmelee, Esq. ; at 
the general election of 1872, he defeated Chas. 
Thibault, and in 1874, he was successful over J. J. 
Curran. A few months after the formation of the 
Government of the Hon. Mr. Mackenzie, Mr. Hun- 
tington took office as President of the Council, and 
was elected as such at the general election of 1874. 
He became Postmaster-General in 1875, on the eleva- 
tion to the Bench of the Supreme Court of the Hon. 
Mr. Fournier, and holds that portfolio at present. 

In 1865, Mr. Huntington purchased the copper 
mines in Bolton, known as the Huntington Mines, 
and at once commenced developing them. The mines 
are very rich, but the obstacles in the way of their 
successful operation were of a very discouraging 
character, chief of which was the cost of transporta- 
tion to and from Waterloo, the nearest railroad station. 


To obviate this, in 1869, he constructed the Hunting- 
ton Tram Railway from Waterloo to the mines. It 
was changed from a wooden to an iron railway a few 
years later, and now forms a portion of the Waterloo 
and Magog Eailway. In 1871, he sold his mines to a 
Scotch Company, by which they are still worked. A 
few years previous to his entering the Dominion 
Cabinet he became president of Missisquoi and Black 
River R.E., but resigned that position on entering the 

In 1873, he formulated from his place in Parliament 
grave charges against the Macdonald Government. 
These charges are now designated in political nomen- 
clature as the " Pacific Scandal," and, after heated dis- 
cussions and a bitter struggle in and out of the House, 
they led, in the fall of that year, to the resignation of 
the Macdonald Cabinet. The forbearance and self-reli- 
ant steadfastness of Mr. Huntington during that time, 
under the fiercest criticism of the press opposed to him, 
and of the most bitter attacks of opponents in public 
life, to which any public man in the Dominion had 
been subjected, was such as to win high encomiums 
from his political friends and the admiration of those 
who differed from him. It is not within the province 
of a work of this nature, did space permit, to enter at 
any length upon a subject to a large extent within the 
domain of national politics. It belongs more naturally 
to a history of the country than to a section, how- 
ever important it may have been in the most general 
sense to the latter. We trespass lightly upon a 
question of politics, and have said thus much only 
because it formed an exciting episode in the public 
life of the subject of our sketch. 


In politics Mr. Huntington belongs to the Liberal 
party. At one time he advocated Canadian Indepen- 
dence, on the assumption, from the utterance of 
public journals and politicians of the mother country, 
that the policy of the Home Government was in favor 
of sundering the colonial connection. This having 
been demonstrated to the contrary, he withdrew from 
the advocacy of the question. 

Mr. Huntington's reputation as an orator is admitted 
to be of the highest order. He has few, if any, super- 
iors in the country as a campaign speaker, and in the 
House is one of the first debaters. His style is easy, 
vigorous and brilliant. He possesses wonderful 
powers of sarcasm, and understands the art of impal- 
ing an opponent with a cutting sentence. At the 
outset of his parliamentary career he obtained great 
influence as a debater, and was one of the most 
reliable speakers of his party. For many years pre- 
vious to the death of that popular orator, the late Hon. 
T. D. McGee, Mr. Huntington was pitted against him 
in the House, being assigned the no light dnty of re- 
plying to that gentleman, and he did not always come 
off second best. 

In public life Mr. Hunting-ten's career has been 
eminently successful, the result of a mind remark- 
ably constituted for public life. His business capa- 
city, powers of organization, self-reliance and know- 
ledge in the administration of affairs have been felt 
in the country and in her highest interests. 

He has many warm friends, particularly among 
young men, in whom he takes a lively interest, and 
whom he is always happy to encourage. 

A. B. Parmelee, Esq., a nephew of Dr. Rotus Par- 


melee who died in June, 1875, was for years an advo- 
cate in this village. The following is an extract 
from an article published in the Waterloo Advertiser 
of FebruaryG, 1874: 

" On Monday last, A. B. Parmelee, Esq., advocate, 
of this place, retired from the position he has so long 
and worthily held of the mayoralty of the township 
of Shefford and warden of the County of Shefford, in 
consequence of his retirement from the first named 
office. We know of no man in the Eastern Townships 
who has been engaged in municipal offices during so 
long a term of years as Mr. Parmelee. For consider- 
ably more than thirty years Mr. Parmelee has been 
connected, in various capacities, with the municipal 
administration in the County of Shefford, and more 
particularly in the township of Shefford. He served 
a faithful apprenticeship as secretary- treasurer of the 
Local Council of Shefford, of Shefford township and 
of the County Conncil. So largely was his experience 
known and so great was the confidence in his judg- 
ment in the wants of the county in municipal 
matters, that he was called to Toronto by the Hon. L. 
T. Drummond, then Attorney-General of Canada, to 
assist in the perfection of what was afterward known 
as the Lower Canada Municipal and Eoad Act. 
In 1858, Mr. Parmelee was elected mayor of Shef- 
ford township and warden of the County of Shefford 
and has filled both these offices up to the present time. 
It is a matter of deep regret that his health renders 
it impracticable for him to continue to fill the posi- 
tion he has so acceptably occupied for some years to 

Mr. Parmelee was a man of strong prejudices, and 


he was well known for his fearless and emphatic 
manner of expressing his convictions. But, whatever 
offence this may have given, no one ever denied that 
he was a man of sound judgment and an honest 

The following is an extract from an obituary 
notice published in the Advertiser of July 26, 1872 : 

u John B. Lay, who died on the llth day of June, 
1872, was for several years an active lawyer and pro- 
minent citizen of Waterloo. He was born in the 
Township of Bolton, not far from Bolton Springs, in 
1834. He received his education at Shefford Academy 
in Frost Village, and was for some time assistant 
teacher in this Institution, as well as a very successful 
teacher in the common schools of this section. He 
commenced the study of law with Mr. Huntington, at 
Knowlton, was admitted to the legal profession in De- 
cember, 1861, and immediately entered into partner- 
ship, at Waterloo, with his old patron, Mr. Huntiugton. 

In 1859, when the Circuit Court for the County of 
Shefford was established, Mr. Lay was appointed the 
first clerk of that Court. He was also appointed 
secretary-treasurer of the township of Shefford, in 
1858, which office he held until 1865, when he re- 
signed. He was a staunch advocate of the Temper- 
ance cause, and filled all the grades of ofiice in the 
Temperance organization of his locality, and was, 
during one term, the Grand Worthy Patriarch of the 
Grand Division Sons of Temperance for this Pro- 
vince. He sat in the National Division, and also in 
the Grand Temple of Canada. 

In 1862, he was married to Eleanor, second daugh- 
ter of Col. B. Savage. During his later years he took 


a deep interest in church and school matters, as well 
as continuing his efforts in the Temperance cause. He 
was for some time a warden in the Church and also a 
delegate to the Synod, where he took an active part in 
shaping legislation upon vital questions. He was 
also school commissioner and, at the time of his death, 
chairman of the board. In his death Waterloo lost a 
good citizen. It was well said of him, that " you 
always knew where to find him." He was always on 
the side of right. He was possessed of great energy 
and perseverance, and, had health been vouchsafed 
him, he would have made his mark in public life." 

W. A. Lay, a younger brother of J, B. Lay, was 
also a lawyer in this village. He attended the 
McGill Law School and was admitted to the Bar in 
1867. He was a gentleman of genial manners, and 
might with effort and good health, have been one of 
the leading lawyers of the place, but declining health, 
during the last years of his life, prevented his doing 
much in the way of active labor. He died September 
2. 1876, and was buried at Waterloo with Masonic 

John P. Noyes is one of the most prominent and 
successful advocates of Waterloo. He was born 
in Potton, P. Q., in 1842. While yet a child, he 
removed with his father to Bangor, Franklin Co., 
N. Y., where he lived until 1861, when he came to 
Waterloo, He was educated chiefly at Bangor and 
Fort Covington Academy, and while at school, gave 
evidence of ability which if rightly employed, would 
secure him honorable distinction. After returning 
to Canada, he acquired a good knowledge of the 
French language, and devoted some time to the study 


of the classics. He commenced the study of the 
law in the office of Huntington & Lay, but his 
articles of indenture were subsequently transferred 
to the Hon Mr. Laframboise. He graduated at the 
law school connected with St. Mary's College, and 
was admitted to the Bar in October, 1866. He first 
commenced practice with Huntington & LeBlanc, 
but the latter soon afterwards retiring he continued 
to practice with Huntington. Previous to being ad- 
mitted he was elected secretary-treasurer of Hhefford 
and, after Waterloo was incorporated, he also became 
secretary-treasurer of the village, and still holds both 
offices. On the resignation of Mr. Huntington he took 
his place as secretary of the Stanstead, Shefford 
and Chambly railway. In 1867, he was married to 
Lucy A. Mercy, a lady residing in Magog, and who 
for three years was a very able and popular precep- 
tress of Shefford Academy. About a year after Mr. 
Huntington severed his connection with the Adver- 
tiser, Mr. JXbyes took charge of it, and continued to 
hold tha position of editor until 1870. Being con- 
nected with other business as he was, during 
the whole time he occupied the editorial chair, he 
could not be supposed to make the paper what it 
would otherwise have been, nor could he display to 
the full extent his ability as a writer ; yet, amid all 
his manifold labors, he managed to make it a good 
local paper, and one extremely popular with the great 
Liberal party of this country. Many of his news- 
paper contemporaries have reason to remember his 
pungent replies to their attacks upon him, and, though 
an individual may now and then have felt aggrieved 
by a paragraph that fell /rom his pen, it should be 


said that every thing of that kind arose from a well- 
ing fountain of humor, and a keen appreciation of 
the ludicrous which he possesses rather than from 
any inclination to^wound the feelings of others. He 
is thoroughly well read, and, by one not intimately 
acquainted with him, might be regarded as better 
fitted for literary pursuits than for the tedium of the 
labors connected with the law ; but the fact that he 
has many cases at every session of the Superior 
Court, shows that he is a successful member of the 

But whatever may be said to his credit, as a law- 
yer, one thing surpasses all, and that is, that he 
never encourages litigation, and always manages his 
cases with a strict regard to honesty. 

A. D. Girard is another advocate of this village. 
He was educated at St. Hyacinthe College, graduated 
at the Law School connected with St. Mary's College 
in Montreal, and was admitted to the Bar in 1864, 
After practising a few years at other places, he came 
to Waterloo, and has been so successful that he has a 
very extensive practice. In 1875 he was the candi- 
date opposed to the Hon. Mr. Laframboise for Mem- 
bership in the Local Legislature, and, though defeated, 
received a large number of votes. 

John F. Leonard was educated at both Nicolet and 
St. Hyacinthe Colleges. He studied law in Montreal, 
was admitted to the Bar in 1866, and in the same 
year came to Waterloo. In 1873 he was appointed 
secretary- treasurer of the Board of School Commis- 
sioners of the township, and the following year 
received the office of secretary-treasurer of the 
School Board of Waterloo. He is a good French 


scholar, and for this reason is more fully qualified 
for the offices he holds, a large part of the popula- 
tion of both the township and village being French 
and speaking the French language. He also has a 
good practice. 

D. Darby is a native of Ely. He was educated at 
the schools and academies of the Eastern Townships, 
and attended the McGill Law School in Montreal, 
where he received his degree of B.C.L., and was 
admitted to the Bar in 1870. He immediately com- 
menced practice in Waterloo, and by industry and 
probity has won an honorable standing in his profes- 
sion, and secured a large amount of business. 

0. A. Nutting, a son of Y. Nutting, Esq., of this 
village, is the youngest member of the Waterloo Bar. 
He received a good mathematical and classical edu- 
cation under tuition of Prof. _R. W. Laing, when he 
had charge of Sheffofd Academy. He took his 
degree from the McGill Law School, and was admitted 
to the Bar in 1872. His success, thus far, has been 
good, and his youth and ability bespeak for him 
honors and extensive practice in the future. He has 
recently erected a neat and commodious brick build- 
ing for an office on Main street. 

F. X. Girard was born in Boucherville, P. Q., in 
1841, and was educated at the Seminary of St. Hya- 
cinthe. He studied law with Judge Sicotte, received 
the degree of LL.D. from the Law Faculty of the 
Seminary of Jesuits, Montreal, in April, 1863, and 
was immediately admitted to the Bar. He practiced 
law two years in Montreal and for the same length of 
time, also, in St. Hyacinthe. While in the latter 
place he edited the Courier de St. Hyacinthe. In 1865 


he was married to Marie Rosalie Tanguay, eldest 
daughter of Joseph Tanguay, Esq., of that city. 
During a period of ten years he acted as deputy pro- 
thonotary at both St. Hyacinthe and Sweetsburg. 
From June, 1867, to October, 1870,he kept the office of 
T. Sauvageau, official assignee, in Montreal, conducting 
the legal department of the business under the In- 
solvent Acts of 1864~'65 and '69. He came to 
Waterloo in 1870, and is still here in the practice of 
his profession. 

Besides her advocates, Waterloo has prominent 
citizens belonging to the 


Thomas Brassard, N.P., is one of the oldest and best 
known notaries in the District. He was born at 
Murray Bay, on the Saguenay River, now a famous 
Canadian watering - place, and educated at the 
Seminary of Quebec. He studied for his profession 
at Quebec, was admitted to practice in 1855, and at 
once settled at Henryville, county of Iberville, where 
he spent eight years. In August, 1863, he came to 
Waterloo. Of genial temper, good acquirements and 
happy adaptation, he has been called to serve in 
many different public capacities. He was secretary- 
treasurer of the school commissioners for eight 
years. In 1866, the secretary-treasurership of the 
county council was accepted by him, a position which 
he has since filled with great credit to himself and 
the community. Under the Insolvent Act of 1869 
he was appointed official assignee, and, when this 
law was replaced by the new Insolvent Act of 1875, 
he was re-appointed by the Government, assignee for 


the District of Bedford. When the separation of the 
sch ool interests of Shefford and Waterloo was effected 
in 1874, by the erection of the latter into a separate 
school municipality, he was elected school commis- 
sioner for Waterloo, by acclamation, a position 
which his long connection with school matters ad- 
mirably fitted him to fill. He is now chairman of 
the Board. 

Joseph Baphael Tartre was born at St. Hyacinth e 
in 1843, and educated at the college of that city. He 
came to Waterloo in 1864, and received a commission 
as bailiff of the Superior Court of Bedford. While 
attending to his duties as bailiff he commenced to 
study for the notarial profession under Mr. Thomas 
Brassard, to which lie was admitted, after passing a 
thorough examination, in 1871. He entered into 
partnership with Mr. Brassard, and took the secre- 
taryship of schools off that gentleman's hands, hold- 
ing the office for two years. When the late Mr. 
Edgarton became, by illness, incapacitated for his 
duties as registrar of Shefford County, Mr. Tartre 
was appointed deputy registrar, and assumed the 
entire responsibility of the office till that gentleman's 
death, in April, 1876, and the appointment of another 
registrar, a period of over two years. He again 
went into partnership with Mr. Brassard after leaving 
the registry office. He occupies a place on the 
Catholic Board of School Examiners of the District 
of Bedford, and is commissioned to receive affidavits 
for the Superior Court. 

Louis J. Jodoin, N. P., was born at St. Pie, Bagot 
County, and educated at the St. Hyacinthe College. 
He studied for the notarial profession under Mr. A. 


Gauthier, St. Pie, and was admitted to practise in 
1867, when he at once came to Waterloo. He was 
for many years deputy registrar under the late Mr. 
Edgarton, and is now clerk of the Commissioners' 
Court, and commissioner for receiving affidavits for 
the Superior Court. 

The different registrars of Shefford may properly 
be mentioned in this connection. A registry office 
for the County of Shefford was opened at Frost Village 
on the 23rd of July, 1832, and Eichard Dickinson was 
the first registrar. Hiram S. Foster, Esq., of whom we 
have already given a sketch, succeeded him. In 1848, 
Mr. Joseph B. Edgarton came to Shefford, and at once 
became deputy registrar. He continued to act as such 
until 1856, when he was appointed registrar, and in the 
same year the office was moved to Waterloo. Mr. 
Edgarton held the position with credit to himself and 
satisfaction to the community till the time of his 
death, in April, 1876. He was born at Shirley, Mass., 
in 1803, and received a good education in the schools 
of that State. He held several positions of honor and 
trust in the United States, and earned the reputation 
of being a painstaking, honorable, business man. Dur- 
ing the twenty-eight years that he held an important 
public position in Canada he maintained the universal 
respect and confidence of the people. No public 
official could have given more general satisfaction. 
He was of a retiring disposition, and, when not en- 
gaged in his office, seemed to enjoy himself best in 
his own family circle. His wife, a kindly, charitable 
lady, survives him. 

Joseph Lefebvre, Esq., the present registrar of 
Shefford County, was born at Laprairie, P.Q., on the 


9th of November, 1834, and in 1849 became a resident 
of Ely, where he carried on a farm for two years. He 
then abandoned agricultural pursuits for commercial 
life, and entered the store of Erastus Lawrence, Esq., 
Lawrenceville, as a clerk, with whom he remained 
four years. He moved to Knowlton at the expiration 
of his engagement with Mr. Lawrence, and, in 1856, 
received the appointment of deputy registrar for 
Brome County, under Hiram Foster, Esq. It was 
shortly after this that he commenced to study for the 
notarial profession, to which he was duly admitted 
by the Board, in October, 1863. For eight j^ears 
he was the only notary in Brome County, and had 
a large practice. During a number of years he 
efficiently discharged the duties of clerk of the Circuit 
Court, and, upon the establishment of District Magis- 
trates Courts in 18J9, he was made clerk of that Court 
for Brome as well. These several positions he only 
resigned on receiving the registrarship of Shefford 
County, in July, 1876. A few years since he erected a 
large building at Knowlton, and commenced the ex- 
tensive manufacture of furniture. The management 
of this manufactory he has now given over to his two 
sons, Joseph and William R., who are conducting it, 
notwithstanding the pressure of the times, with 
marked success. Mr. Lefebvre was appointed regis- 
trar, as before stated, by the Quebec Government, in 
July, 1876, to succeed the late Mr. Edgarton. The 
appointment gave general satisfaction, and that is 
saying a great deal in a mixed community like ours. 
Mr. Lefebvre is pre-eminently social in his nature, of 
a genial, obliging disposition, and makes warm per- 


sonal friends wherever he goes. His eldest son Joseph 
is deputy registrar. 


The oldest practitioner among the physicians ot 
Waterloo is Dr. Ezekiel Minckler, who was born in 
Grand Isle, Vt., and graduated from the Medical 
Department of Vermont University. Soon after 
leaving college he came to Canada, settling at St. 
Cesaire, where he had an extensive and successful 
practice. Thence he moved to Granby and remained 
some time. In 1864, he came to Waterloo. Here 
he has succeeded in sustaining the high reputa- 
tion he had gained by long years of devotion to his 
profession. Advancing years have rendered him too 
feeble to attend to calls which require much travel, 
especially at night. 

The following is an obituary notice, published in 
the Advertiser of April 18th, 1861 : 

" It was our painful duty to record last week the 
death of Dr. J. 0. Butler, of this village. For years 
the victim of a painful disease, whose fatal termina- 
tion was well known to him, Dr. Butler endured the 
afflictive dispensation with the fortitude of a martyr, 
and the cheerfulness of a Christian. He was a man 
of rare abilities, and his clear, strong, well-cultivated 
intellect was unclouded to the last. Few men have 
more devoted friends than Dr. Butler, or have 
deserved them more; and though his long, painful 
illness had prepared them for the sad event, his 
death has cast a deep gloom over our community 
which time only can remove. Providence, in its 
wise dispensations, has been pleased thus to call away 


our friend in the prime of his usefulness: the flower 
and vigor of his manhood and it is left for us but to 
kiss the rod which has chastened us, and to < mourn 
not as those without hope.' Dr. Butler was buried 
here on Thursday last with Masonic honors. A large 
number of Masons, from all parts of the District, was 
present to take part in the ceremonies." 

Dr. Angus A. Gilmour, son of Dr. W. A. R. Gilmour, 
received his early education at Nicolet College, and 
graduated from McGill University with the degree of 
M.D., C.M., in 1868. He first settled in Granby and 
subsequently in Waterloo. He has been very succes- 
ful as a surgeon. His father was an active physician 
at Three Rivers for forty years, previous to 1859, 
when he came to Granby. He has practised in the 
Townships, almost uninterruptedly, ever since. 

Dr. Joseph Ducharme received his degree from the 
Medical Department of Victoria University, at Mon- 
treal, in 1867. He came to Waterloo fresh from Col- 
lege, and has shown himself loyally devoted to his 
profession. His practice is principally among the 
French, and has been attended with considerable suc- 
cess. As Coroner, to which office he was appointed 
in 1870, he is well known over the District. 

Dr. Cornelius J. F. R. Phelan was born in the 
parish of St. Columbia, County of Two Mountains, 
P.Q., in 1 840, and received a classical education at the 
College of Ste. Thereee. Leaving this institution, he 
entered the Medical Faculty of McGill University, 
from which he graduated with the degree of M.D., 
C.M., in 1865. During the College vacation of 1864, 
he visited the hospitals of the United States in order 
to perfect his knowledge of surgery. After graduat- 


ing from McGill, he received his license from the 
Board of Physicians and Surgeons, and commenced 
practice at Knowlton, P.Q., where he remained till 
1870. In January of that year he came to Waterloo, 
and at once established a large practice. Dr. Phelan 
is a studious man, of quiet habits and gentlemanly 
demeanor, and by rare devotion to his profession has 
won the esteem and confidence of a large circle of 
friends. He has been very successful, and is often 
consulted by his fellow practitioners in difficult 

Dr. B. R. Jameson, after receiving a liberal educa- 
tion, entered the Montreal College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, from which he graduated with the usual 
medical degrees in 1847. He, at once, settled in Onta- 
rio, where he maintained a large and successful prac- 
tice for several years. Later, he established himself in 
Chatham Township, Que. ; then in St. Andrews, and 
from that place he went to Montreal, and remained in 
that city a few months. Thence he went to St. Pie, and 
in 1867 moved to Waterloo, where he has permanently 
resided ever since. Arriving here at a favorable time, 
he soon became very popular as a physician, but his 
manner is so retired that few have become acquainted 
with him outside of his profession. He has always 
received a liberal share of the practice of the town. 
Waterloo has two dentists. 

Newell Pisk studied Dentistry with the late Aldis 
Bernard, Montreal, and duly received his degree of 
L.D.S. He first commenced practice in St. Hyacinthe. 
After remaining there a short time he removed to 
Montreal and worked in Dr. Bernard's office for a 
while and then came to Gran by. In 1866, he moved to 



Waterloo, which he has since made his place of resi- 
dence, but spends a few weeks each year in the prin- 
cipal villages in the District. He is considered a 
skilful dentist, and has a large practice, extending 
over the whole of this section of the country. 

A. A. Knowlton commenced the study of Dental 
Surgery in 1859, at St Albans, Vt., with Dr. Oilman. 
After learning his profession he returned to Canada 
and practised in various places in the townships, set- 
tling permanently in Waterloo in 1871. He was 
licensed to practice as required by statute, in 1870. 
During his residence in Waterloo he has received a 
good share of the public patronage. 

We devote the few following pages to sketches of 
several of the public men * of Waterloo. 

The following is an extract from an obituary 
notice of Wesley O. Lawrence, Esq,, which was pub- 
lished in the Advertiser, July 3, 1874 : 

Mr. Lawrence was long a resident of Waterloo, and 
was a descendant of Isaac Lawrence, mentioned in 
the history of West Shefford in another part of this 

" In those early struggles of the early settlers 
Mr. Lawrence bore a part, storing his mind with such 
knowledge as could then be attained in the schools in 
those early days. He came in after life to sit in the 
old County Council in the days of the municipal 
regime, and when our present municipal system went 
into operation he was many times selected by his fel- 
low townsmen to represent them at the Council 

* The first two of these should properly have been mentioned 
among the pioneers, but were forgotten until it was too late. 


Board. He aided and took an active part in the pub- 
lic works in the township and village. For some 
years past he has been an active magistrate. His 
reading as well as his strong common-sense and love 
of right made him an exceedingly useful citizen in 
that capacity, and since the death of R. A. Ellis, Esq. 
who had been our oldest magistrate for years the 
brunt of the burden had fallen upon him. Notwith- 
standing bodily infirmities, he was always ready 
when called upon to serve his fellow- citizens in his 
magisterial capacity, no matter how great might be 
the suffering to himself. So when it came about that 
after years of the greatest physical suffering when he 
had wandered down very near the valley of the 
shadow of death many times he at last succumbed 
to the great enemy. There was a feeling of sadness 
throughout the village and township at the final 
departure of a good man and a useful citizen." 

A son of Mr. Lawrence, George Lawrence, is a 
reliable and popular mail clerk on the Shefford and 
Chambly Railway. 

The following is copied rom the Advertiser of April 
28, 1864 : 

" With this issue of our paper we furnish our 
readers with the mournful intelligence of the death 
of Capt. Z. Eeynolds, of this place, who died on 
Saturday last after a short illness of about two weeks 
of pleuratic fever, in the 56th year of his age. Captain 
Reynolds came to this place about 25 years ago, and 
has resided here ever since. Consequently he has 
felt and endured most of the hardships of a pioneer's 
life, and known the vicissitudes attendant upon the 
first settlers in the backwoods of the Eastern Town- 


ships. In 1852 Mr. Reynolds was appointed Captain 
of the Militia, and in 1863, upon the prospect of an 
outbreak between the United States and Great Britain, 
he formed a Volunteer Company, of which he was 
appointed Captain, a post which he held at the time 
of his death ; and only a few weeks since we chron- 
icled the fact of his being presented by his company 
with a silver tea-service on account of their high 
appreciation of his many excellent qualities. By the 
death of Capt. Reynolds our village has met with 
the loss of one of its best citizens, the community of 
one of its benefactors, the poor an ever ready and 
willing friend, and his family a kind husband and 
affectionate father. Few, indeed, are the men in our 
midst held more highly in the estimation of their 
neighbors. We are not aware that he had an enemy 
in the world, although he has held offices of trust and 
been a servant of the public for a long series of years. 
He was identified with all the literary, local and 
intellectual improvements going on, and his purse 
was ever open to public contribution. At Knowlton, 
on the 26th inst., upon motion of S. "W. Foster, Esq., 
the Circuit Court adjourned over one day, to give the 
members of the Bar and others having business 
before the Court an opportunity of being present at 
his funeral. His Honor Justice McCord paid a high 
tribute of respect to the memory of the deceased, 
whom he had known, he said, for the last twenty 
years. The funeral took place yesterday, at which it 
is estimated about 1500 persons were present, includ- 
ing a large number of Masons, (of which order the 
deceased was a member, and, at the time of his death, 


Master of the Lodge here) and also a large turn out of 

Hon. G. G. Stevens was born inBrompton, P.Q., in 
1814. Gardner Stevens, his father, was one of the 
early pioneers of Brompton, and became a thrifty far- 
mer and one of the prominent men of that township. 
Until the age of 21, the younger Stevens lived on the 
farm, but at that time he assumed the charge of a farm, 
mill and store in Waterville and was thus employed 
for ten years. He then became connected with the 
British American Land Company as agent, and devot- 
ed his attention chiefly to this agency for a quarter of 
a century. 

In 1847 he married E. J., daughter of the late 
Sidney Spafford, Esq., of Compton. He moved to 
Shefford in March, 1851, and, with the exception of 
four years which he spent in Roxton Falls, he has lived 
here ever since. While residing at Eoxton he was 
elected municipal councillor and mayor of the town- 
ship. He has been a justice of the peace for many 
years, and since his return to Waterloo has held the 
office of councillor, mayor 6f the township and warden 
of the county. He was largely instrumental in estab- 
lishing the Eastern Townships Bank, and has been 
connected with it as director for ten years. He is 
also a director of the Stanstead, Shefford and 
Chambly Railway, and, on the organization of the 
Company, was elected treasurer. Having by his 
ability shown himself worthy of these various honors, 
in February, 1876, on the resignation of Hon. A. B. 
Foster, he was appointed to fill his place as senator. 

Mr. Stevens is emphatically a self-made man, and 
like all men of this class his perceptive faculties, sharp- 


ened by cultivation, make him keenly cognizant of 
whatever affects his own interest or anything com- 
mitted to his trust. A man of extensive reading and 
retentive memory, with ready powers of conversation, 
he is eminently qualified to amuse or instruct. Ac- 
customed to habits of industry, he appreciates this 
quality in others, and while he is ever ready to assist 
the young man who is bravely fighting the battle of 
life, he has no sympathy for the one who shrinks 
from hardships, or who, with everything in his favour, 
makes shipwreck of his possessions. 

Gardner H. Stevens, his eldest son, is in company 
with Robinson & Willard in mercantile business, 
and is also postmaster in Waterloo. Sidney J. 
Stevens, his remaining son, is a clerk in the Eastern 
Townships Bank. Both are esteemed for their intel- 
ligence, politeness and efficiency in business. 

O. B. Kemp, Esq., crown land and timber agent, 
has had his office in this village since March, 1874. 

Mr. Kemp is a grandson of Elijah Kemp, Esq., one 
Of the very early settlers of Frelighsburg, who be- 
came prominent in that village, and who was for 
many years the leading citizen of St. Armand East. 
His son, the late Col. Kemp, and the father of O. B. 
Kemp, also became a prominent man in the Town- 
ships, and during his life held a number of impor- 
tant offices. Among these was that of crown land 
agent, which office, on his death, was given to his son. 

O, B. Kemp resided in Frelighsburg, his native 
village, until April, 1871, when he removed to 
Granby. During his residence in Frelighsburg he 
became one of the most influential men in the place, 
and was made the recipient of many of the public 

Th< Burland-Destarats.Litho. Com 


offices. He was secretary-treasurer of the municipal 
council -for seven years, school commissioner for six 
years, clerk of the Magistrates' and Commissioners' 
Court, and one of the trustees of the grammar 
school. The ability with which he filled these dif- 
ferent offices, his social qualities and politeness, 
greatly endeared him to the citizens of the place. On 
his departure they presented him with a valuable 
silver tea service, as a testimonial of their esteem. 
He received the crown land agency in 1866, and to 
this was added, in 1869, the timber agency. Mr. 
Kemp lived in Gran by till March, 1874, when, as 
above stated, he came to Waterloo, where he has 
already formed many warm friends. Inflexible in his 
purposes, independent in spirit, persevering and hon- 
orable, he ably sustains the reputation of his ances- 
tors, who were reputed true specimens of the Anglo- 
Saxon stock. 

The court house was commenced in 1859, and com- 
pleted in ^60. 

V. Nutting, Esq., has very efficiently discharged 
the duties of the clerk of the Circuit Court, since 
1861. He was once secretary- treasurer of South 
Stukely, and also of the county council. He has long 
been a resident of Shefford, and is regarded as one of 
the efficient public men of the township. 

The Grange movement, which has been, and is 
still, so popular, as an agricultural organization, in the 
Western States, first extended to the farmers of this 
section in 1875. Granges were organized at Knowl- 
ton, South Stukely and West Bolton, and are now 
largely supported by many of the best farmers. 
Later, a lodge was formed at Warden, which is patron- 


ized by the farmers of North Shefford principally. 
In the spring of 1876, a Grange store was started 
at Waterloo, with Mr. E. Slack as agent. In the fall 
of the same year this commercial venture was put 
upon a more reliable basis by changing it into a joint 
stock company, under the name of the " Grangers' 
Co-operative Society," of which Mr. Slack was made 
the managing-director. This gentleman is a son of 
the late Bev. George Slack, rural dean, and was edu- 
cated at Bishop's College, Lennoxville. He early 
entered upon commercial life, and has been engaged 
in many important enterprises. He is at present and 
has been for many years, a member of the municipal 
council of Waterloo, in which capacity he has served 
with great satisfaction to the electors. Appointed a 
justice of the peace in 1874, he at once qualified, and 
has since adjudicated upon most of the cases not 
brought before the higher courts. 


The extensive manufacturing establishment of 
Allen, Taylor & Co. has already been described. In 
addition to this there are others doing an amount of 
business which would do credit to a much larger 
place. One of the most nourishing of these is the 
extensive tannery of S. & E. G. Shaw & Co. In 1864, 
Fayette Shaw of Boston, Brackley Shaw of Montreal, 
William Shaw of Kingman, Maine, all brothers, and 
carrying on extensive business in their respective 
places of residence, built a tannery and commenced 
business in Waterloo. In the same year Spencer 
Shaw, an uncle of the brothers named above, came 
here to take charge of the business. In 1865 he and 


another nephew bought one-half the business, and 
the firm then was known under the name of E. G. 
Shaw & Co. This establishment contains three en- 
gines of thirty-horse-power each, and employs forty 
men. It turns out five hundred tons of leather annu- 
ally, consumes six thousand cords of bark, and pays 
$12,000 for labor. For the year ending May 1, 1876, 
seven thousand two hundred and twenty cords of bark 
were purchased at the tannery. Besides this, there 
are two small tanneries in Waterloo, doing consider- 
able business, and are owned, respectively, by J, C. 
Bull and J. D. Porchno. 

The Waterloo Boot and Shoe Company is not only 
one of the most important manufacturing companies 
of the village, but of the Province. It was organized, 
a building was erected, and a steam engine, with other 
necessary machinery, purchased in 1874, but the Com- 
pany was not chartered till March, 1875. It consists of 
sixty-one members, with Hon. G. G. Stevens for presi- 
dent, and E. D. Lawrence for vice-president. The sum 
of $17,000 is now paid annually to the employees 
these at present numbering fifty. During the year 
1875, thirty-six thousand pairs of boots and shoes were 
manufactured, which were sold in all parts of the 
Province. The popularity of this manufactory so 
rapidly increases that the demand for its gooda is 
already greater than the supply, and necessitates 
enlargement of the business. The sale of the goods, 
at first chiefly confined to the district of Bedford, has 
since spread over the greater part of the Province of 
Quebec, and is extensive in Ontario. W. T. Rockwell 
is foreman of this establishment, and his efficiency 
has aided much toward securing the success of the 


enterprise. Although a young man, he has had much 
experience in the business, having been foreman of 
an extensive boot and shoe manufactory in Newport, 
Vermont, previous to coming to Waterloo. Gardner 
Eldridge, a gentleman deservedly esteemed, both for 
ability and politeness, is secretary treasurer of this 

Hill & Foss, who entered into partnership in 1873, 
are proprietors of a boot and shoe store, and give 
employment to several men. They manufacture boots, 
shoes and harness, and receive a large share of the 
village and county patronage. 

N. V. D. Labonte is also proprietor of a boot and 
shoe store which gives employment to several men and 
does good business. Mr. Labonte has taken much in- 
terest in public matters, and has filled several of the 
local offices to the satisfaction of the citizens. 

There are two bakeries in Waterloo, Hills & Hills 
and Hugh Contois'. Hills & Hills opened a bakery in 
this village in 1867, and besides doing the work 
generally performed in a country bakery they have 
been engaged somewhat extensively in the mak- 
ing of crackers and confectionery their trade in 
these articles extending over many of the town- 
ships. They are now completing a building on 
Main Street, which is designed for a bakery, salesroom 
and office. It is brick, and its imposing appearance 
not only adds to the architectural beauty of the village, 
but indicates the success of its proprietors in business. 
Hugh Contois entered this business in 1865; he is 
also doing a thriving business in confectionery, and 
largely supplies the families of the village. 

There are two tin shops in Waterloo. One in the 


south end of the village, owned by W. M. Fessenden, 
was opened in 1873. Hot air furnaces and stove pipes 
are manufactured here quite extensively, and all the 
various kinds of tin ware. The one at the lower end 
of the village, near the foundry, is owned by Wm. 
Goodwill, who commenced business in Waterloo in 
1872. He gives employment to two or three men, 
and manufactures the various articles made of tin, 
copper or sheet iron. 

There are three cabinet shops and furniture ware- 
rooms in the place. H. W. Dawson has been en- 
gaged in the manufacture of furniture here for some 
years, and has also kept a good stock on hand. 
Jos. Lefebvre has recently opened warerooms here, 
in connection with which J. B. Malboeuf has a 
cabinet shop. An extensive stock of furniture may 
constantly be found here. Wm. Jolly is also engaged 
in the furniture business, and has a supply on hand. 

A carriage factory, owned by Wallace & Payan, has 
been doing good business here since 1871. The 
machinery is propelled by an engine of thirty horse 
power. They give employment to fifteen men, turning 
out a goodly number of carriages during the year, 
which for durability and beauty are acknowledged to 
be unsurpassed by any in the country ; and in addition 
to this, the firm is extensively engaged in the manu- 
facture of sash, doors,blinds, etc., and general job work. 

Eldridge & Harvey also have machinery in the 
same establishment for the manufacture of broom 
handles. They have but recently commenced the- 
business, but have already received extensive orders. 

A sash and blind factory owned by Norbert Beaulne 
is in operation here, and gives employment to several 


hands. The machinery of this also is propelled by 
steam power. 

J. C. Ellis has been doing an extensive business 
since 1861 . He is now assisted by his son, 0. E. Ellis* 
He owns the saw mill, grist mill and carding mill, at 
the outlet of the pond, and has recently started a shin- 
gle machine and box factory. 

In 1873, the Star Peg Manufacturing Company of 
Montreal started a branch at Waterloo under the 
name of the " Star Manufacturing Company of Water- 
loo." They put up a building and placed in it a 
small engine for the purpose of manufacturing ribbon 
pegs and shanks. Finding that this building was not 
large enough, in 1875 they erected a much larger one, 
purchased new machinery and an engine of forty horse 
power. At this time, they were making pegs, shanks, 
broom ferrules and bottle tops. In the same year 
they built a saw mill and fitted it up with a circular 
saw. This manufactory not only gives employment 
to many men but also furnishes market for good lum- 
ber. Birch is used exclusively in the manufacture of 
shanks, but this must be of the best quality. A half 
cord of birch is frequently cut into shanks in one day. 
This Company also manufactures shingles, and intend 
soon to put in machinery for making lath and clap- 

J. M. Dubois owns a marble shop in this village and 
gives employment to several men. His work is ex- 
ecuted with artistic neatness, and he receives orders 
from a large section of country for tombstones, monu- 
ments, sinks, and other articles usually manufactured 
at shops of this kind. 



As Waterloo is the business centre of a large sec- 
tion of thickly settled country, it is necessarily well 
supplied with stores. Most of the merchants keep a 
general stock, in order to supply every want of their 
customers. Starting at the south end of the town, 
commonly known as the Station, Eldridge & Lynch's 
large establishment comes first. This firm com- 
menced business in 1872. They deal most extensively 
in butter, grain, flour arid produce. Near them is 
the large and neatly arranged store of Elihu D. Law- 
rence, who keeps a full stock in every department of 
country trade. He started at about the same time that 
fcldridge & Lynch did. The centre of the village is 
accommodated by the fancy goods store of J. H. Tou- 
zin, and the large general store of J. & J. E. Clark. 
The latter firm has been in business here several 
years. A. F. Savaria has been a successful merchant 
in Waterloo for a long time. He is also at present 
a school commissioner, and a director of the Water- 
loo Boot and Shoe Company. His place of business 
is near the market. In the new block nearly op- 
posite his store, Henry A. White has recently 
opened a drj goods establishment. Next in order 
is the fancy dry goods and stationery business of 
A. T. Lawrence, in the Post Office block. Passing 
the Advent Church on Main Street, the next building 
is the Gilmour block, in which G. W. Gilmour keeps 
a general store. In this block also is the bookstore 
and book-bindery of H. Rose. Standing nearly 
vis-d-vis on Main street, north side of the bridge, 
are the two oldest stores in Waterloo, belonging, 


respectively, to Robinson, Stevens & Willard and 
Allen, Taylor &Co. They were both started many 
years ago, and have kept pace with the progress of 
wealth and population in the surrounding country. 
In 1873, Mrs. D. C. Hodden opened a dry goods 
store between the " old stone store " and the Brooks 
House, and has succeeded in securing a good trade. 
There are three drug stores in the place, of which 
G. "W. Gilmour, C. Skinner and F. M. Carpenter 
are the respective proprietors and dispensing drug- 
gists. In 1874, F. M. Carpenter succeeded L. L. 
Dutcher & Sons, of St. Albans, Yt., who started a 
branch here in 1874, and he, already, has an exten- 
sive wholesale trade. He has had much experience in 
pharmacy, and is thus prepared to give satisfaction to 
his many customers. C. Skinner has been engaged in 
the drug business in Waterloo for some years. He 
has recently erected a neat building, on Main street, 
for a drug store, and in it he also has a telegraph 
office and jeweller's shop. G. W. Gilmour keeps 
quite a stock of drugs in connection with his dry 
goods store. 

There are seven groceries in Waterloo, as follows : 
T. O'Eegan, Station; M. Temple, Foster street; E. 
P. Harvey, Clark's block ; A. Fontaine, Foster street ; 
Mrs. F. B. Hudon, Foster street; E. K Shaw, Main 
street. The latter gentleman has a jeweller} 7 busi- 
ness in. addition to his grocery. Hugh Contois has 
a grocery and a bakery near the foot of Main street. 


Waterloo has five hotels. Commencing at the 
south end of the village the first of these is the Foster 
House. This is a largo and imposing structure kept 


by C S. Hall, and will probably accommodate the 
greatest number of guests of any hotel in the place. 
Mr. Hall has made hotel-keeping a specialty for 
many years, and with much success. The next hotel, 
as we proceed northward from the Station towards 
the lower village, is the National Hotel, the proprie- 
tor of which is J. O. Paquette. Although not as 
large as some of the others, the able manner in which 
it is conducted by its intelligent and gentlemanly 
landlord causes it to be well patronized by the public. 
Farther down the street is the Eastern Townships 
Hotel, owned by Isidore Beaulne, and the large hotel 
lately remodelled of T. Legue. At the lower end of the 
village is the Brooks House, of which L. H. Brooks is 
proprietor. This is a large brick building, erected in 
1874, and its imposing front at once attracts the atten- 
tion of the stranger who visits the place. It is heated 
by furnaces, and has all the modern improvements of 
the city hotels. 

In 1870, a large brick building was^erected in the 
centre of the village, the upper part of which was 
designed for a town hall and council room and the 
lower part for a market. Still beneath this in the 
basement of the building is the dreaded " lock up," 
which has received many offenders and which no 
doubt helps to preserve good order in the commu- 
nity. The market is opened *for the benefit of the 
public two days in the week, and, though unlike 
Bonsecours market in the variety and quantity of its 
wares, it answers well the purpose of its erection and 
is a great convenience to the citizens of Waterloo. 

The pleasure afforded by the gala days and evening 


entertainments of Waterloo is often greatly enhanced 
by the music discoursed by Hubbard's brass band. 

A band had been in existence in the village for 
several years, but about two years since it was re-or- 
ganized and now consists of sixteen members. They 
have devoted much time to practice, and, having 
received thorough instruction, are prepared to 
entertain as successfully as any band in the Pro- 
vince. Since the spring of 1875, H. S. Hubbard, a 
young gentleman of St. Armand, has been their in- 
structor. Mr. Hubbard early displayed great aptitude 
for music, and by practice has become so proficient in 
the art that he is widely known, and has been called 
to different localities to give instruction. In compli- 
ment to him the members of the band at Waterloo 
have called themselves Hubbard's Brass Band. 

From the Advertiser of June 17, 1870: 

"On Monday, June 13, 1870, Waterloo was honored 
by a visit from his Royal Highness Prince Arthur. 
The Prince was received at the station by the mayor, 
G. G. Stevens, Esq., and the warden, A. B. Parmelee, 
Esq., and was introduced by Hugh Allan, Esq. 

After the Prince and his suite had been escorted to 
a platform where addresses were read by the mayor 
and warden, and replied to by the Prince, the dis- 
tinguished party crossed the square to the Foster 
House. This hotel was handsomely decorated with 
evergreens and its balconies lined with ladies who 
were awaiting the carriages to convey them through 
the village. 

The procession soon formed, W. B. Heath, Esq. 
master of the ceremonies, on horseback, leading the 
way; the Prince with Lady Young and the mayor 


in the first carriage ; His Excellency the Governor 
General, Mrs. Worseley, and the warden in the 
second ; then followed the rest of the suite in car- 
riages, the village and county councils and a long 
string of carriages. The procession moved down 
Uourl. street. Across this street, between the Foster 
House and the brick store, was erected an arch, deco- 
rated with evergreens,in festoons and wreaths, bearing 
the inscription " Welcome Arthur" on both sides 
the whole surmounted with flags, and bearing the 
Royal Coat of Arms. 

At B. A. HaskelPs, the band and singers, to the 
number of about 200, played and sang God save the 
Queen, to the evident satisfaction of H. R. Highness, 
who repeatedly acknowledged the compliment by bow- 
ing to the performers. 

Between the Advent Church and Labonte's store, 
on Main street, another arch was erected, massive 
pillars of evergreen formed the sides and surmounted 
by flags and wreaths, the beaver, the national emblem 
of Canada, and bearing the inscriptions on one side 
" Bienvenue au Prince Arthur" and on the opposite 
side " Vive la Reine," 

Across the bridge was another arch, nicely decor- 
ated, surmounted with flags, and inscribed on one 
side, " Long live Prince Arthur " and on the other, 
Dieu et mon Droit, 

The procession moved up Ellis street, then along 
West street and North street to Main street, taking 
the route back to the station. At Reynolds' hotel the 
Prince was loudly cheered. 

The stores and principal places of business dis- 
played bunting, and were decorated with evergreens. 



At the old stone store was displayed a full sized por- 
trait of the Queen. 

The procession then passed up Main street and 
Foster street. Between the Foster house and Hutchins' 
store, was another arch similar to the one on the 
opposite side of the Foster house on Court street, 
and ornamented with flags and a beautiful crown 
made of evergreens, bearing the inscription on both 
sides, " God Save the Queen." The procession then 
broke up on the square, and as His Royal Highness 
and party moved rapidly out of the village towards 
Knowlton, the assembled crowd made the welkin ring 
with cheers, and then quietly disbanded for their 

A post office was opened in Waterloo in 1836. 

The locomotive passed over the S. S. & C. Railway 
from Gran by to Waterloo for the first time on Monday, 
August 19th, 1861. In the early part of the year 1876, 
the part of the Northern section of the South Eastern 
railway between Sutton Junction and Waterloo was 
completed, and the remaining part between this place 
and Sorel is now in rapid process of completion. 
This work accomplished, Waterloo will be in ready 
communication with all the great commercial marts 
of the country. Situated in the midst of a rich agri- 
cultural district, with stores of lumber and minerals 
adjacent, it requires no prophetic vision to see that 
Waterloo, at no distant day, will vie in wealth and 
population with the cities of the Province. 

A stranger visiting Waterloo is struck by the air of 
city-like elegance and substantiality of several of its 
public and private buildings. Of the former Clark's 
Block, Stevens' Block and Gilmours' Block deserve to 


be mentioned ; of the latter we notice the residences 
of W. G. Parmelee, Dr. Jameson, J. F. Leonard, J. P. 
Noyes, G. G. Eldridge and A. B. Parmelee, besides 
that of Hon. A. B. Foster which has already been men- 

For a time the growth of the village seemed to be 
confined to the Southern section, but at present it is 
enlarging in all its borders. In 1874, C. Deragon made 
quite an addition to its tenement houses by the erec- 
tion of several buildings. 

The people of Waterloo are pre-eminently social 
a feature in their character developed, no doubt, in a 
great measure from the isolated position of the place. 
Distant from the large towns and cities of the Province 
its inhabitants have felt the necessity of relying upon 
their own efforts hence, musical, dramatic and liter- 
ary entertainments are of frequent occurrence, and are 
conducted with such skill and taste that the stranger is 
convinced the performers are no novices in the work. 
Morally, Waterloo may not have reached the strict 
standard set up in the early Puritan days of New 
England, yet, it will compare favorably in point of 
morals with any village of its size in the Dominion. 

For the following history of the village council 
we are indebted to the politeness of O. B. Kemp, 
Esq. : 

First general session of village council, 24th January, 1867. 

Members. Hon. A. B. Foster, G. G. Stevens, H. L. Robinson, 
G. H. Allen, Noel V. D. Labonte, Auguste Hebert and Spencer 
Shaw. Hon. A. B. Foster elected mayor ; J. P. Noyes elected 

Session, 24th January, 1868. Members. Hon. A. B. Foster, R. 
A. Ellis, Charles Allen, Spencer Shaw, N. V. D. Labonte and A. 
Hebert. R. A. Ellis elected mayor. 


3rd election, January, 1870. 

Members. G. G. Stevens, N. V. D. Labonte, Joseph Leblanc, E. 
Slack, D. Frost, jun., Hon. A. B. Foster, J. B. Lay. 
1st Session. G. G. Stevens, elected mayor, 14th February, 1870 
13th June, 1870. An address was presented to His Royal High- 
ness Prince Arthur, upon his visit to Waterloo, by the Mayor : 


On behalf of the Municipal Council and the citizens of 
Waterloo, I desire to express the gratification we feel on this occa- 
sion, and to cordially welcome you to the Eastern Townships. 
Your visit is so unexpected that we are unable to honor you with 
a more attractive reception, but we feel assured that, in the noble 
and romantic scenery of this part of the country, you will find 
more delight than in any grand ceremonial our limited oppor- 
tunities could devise in your honor. In the Eastern Townships 
of this Province, Your Royal Highness will find a loyal and 
patriotic people, earnest in their attachment to, and veneration 
for, your gracious mother, Her Majesty Queen Victoria. In other 
times, the people of this section have more than once displayed 
their fidelity to Her Majesty's Government, and it is with profound 
gratification that we know that Your Royal Highness, as a partici- 
pant in the late movements to repel the Fenian invasion of our 
Province, has had an opportunity to witness the gallantry of 
Eastern Townships men in defending their country, and in evin- 
cing their stern loyalty to a throne that they revere. 

We are not prone to vaunt our loyalty, but prefer rather to 
express it by action. We trust that Your Royal Highness will be 
pleased to convey to Her Majesty the Queen the expression of our 
deep-seated attachment for Her, and that the prayer of our people 
is, that Her Majesty may long be spared to rule over a united and 
prosperous country. We earnestly hope that Your Royal High- 
ness' sojourn here will be pleasant, and that the recollections of 
the Eastern Townships will not be among the least agreeable of 
those you will carry back with you, of the country which is proud 
to honor the son of so good a sovereign. 

To which His Royal Highness made the following 



GENTLEMEN, Pray accept my sincere thanks for your loyal 
address, which, I am pleased to find, gives utterance to sentiments 
so fully in accordance with my own views. Let me assure you that 
it is not the splendor of the ceremonial which I value, but rather 
the truly loyal and hearty spirit with which the welcome is given ; 
and my reception here this day shows clearly how strong that 
spirit is here. I am well aware that your's are not idle words, but 
that you are, and ever have been, ready to prove yourselves staunch 
adherents to your Sovereign, and the presence of those gallant men, 
soldier-comrades, lately met at the frontier, shews me that you 
are able as well as willing. 

Should circumstances ever .require it, which, however, God for- 
bid 1 proud would I be to lead on men like you in the defence of 
country and their Queen." 

(Signed,) ARTHUR." 

Election, 8th January, 1872. 

Members elected. Orrin R. Foss, Hon. A. B. Foster, N. V. D. 
Labonte, G. G. Stevens, A. Herbert, E. Slack, David Frost, jun. 

Session, 12th February, 1872. G. G. Stevens, Esq., re-elected 

Election, 15th January, 1873. 
G. G. Stevens and A. Herbert, re-elected. 
First Session, 10th February, 1873, G. G. Stevens, Esq., re-elected 

Election, llth January, 1875. 

N. V. D. Labonte, Edward Slack, and George H. Allen. (La- 
bonte and Slack re-elected.) 

First Session, 8th February, 1875. G.G.Stevens, Esq., re-elected 
mayor. 8th March, 1875, John R. Clark was elected by Council 
to fill the vacancy caused by the absence of Hon. A. B. Foster over 
three montha. 

Election, 10th January, 1876. 

G. G. Stevens and Clovis Deragon elected. 
First Session, 14th February, 1876. George H. Allen elected 


Present composition of the Board. 

Mayor George H. Allen. Councillors E. Slack, N. V. D 
Labonte, David Frost, jun., J. R. Clark, G. G. Stevens, C. De- 


1867 $255,456 

1869 276,660 

1872 305,643 

1875 505,425 


This village is located about two miles north of 

John Mock, one of the Associates of Shefford, settled 
here and built mills in 1795. As has already been 
stated, he afterwards sold his land and mills to Eufus 
Whitcomb. This property passed through several 
hands previous to 1848, when it was purchased by 
Col. P. H. Knowlton, Hiram Foster and Mark Whit- 
comb. These men at once built new mills here, thus 
increasing business and attracting settlers. From 
this time until the establishment of the post office in 
1858, with the name of Warden, the place was called 
Knowlton's Falls, Salvin Eichardson was the first 
postmaster, and was succeeded in this office by his 
son, L. E. Eichardson. The latter also has a store 
here, and is one of the influential citizens of the 

Selby Lee built a tannery here about 1850. This 
was purchased in 1872 by the Shaw Company, men- 
tioned in the history of Waterloo, who enlarged it 
and placed in it an engine of thirty horse-power. 
At present this tannery employs fifteen men, con- 
sumes three thousand cords of bark annually, and 
tans two hundred and twenty-five tons of leather. 


A Methodist church was erected here in 1861. 

In 1875 a neat and commodious model school 
building was erected. Besides the store of Mr. 
Richardson, Warden has a grocery owned by Paig- 
non. It also has a few mechanic shops, and two 
hotels owned respectively by Michael Harper and J. 


John Savage, a U, E. Loyalist, came to Shefford 
about the year 1800, from Caldwell's Manor, and 
settled at Shefford Mountain, on the lot now occupied 
by John Copeland. He had served as a soldier in the 
British army in the war of 1812. He was taken 
prisoner at Philipsburg during the war, and, after 
being confined in Burlington for some time, was 
liberated. He returned to Canada where he remained 
until his death, in 1856. He had nine children, several 
of whom still remain in the township. One of his 
sons, Benjamin K, Savage, born here, became an 
honored and influential man in the town. 

During the rebellion of 1837-'38, this son, Capt. 
Savage raised a company of volunteers, and was 
in such active service as was required at that time. 
He was promoted to the rank of Ineut.-Col., and 
sundry commissions of different Governor-Generals 
testify to the high consideration in which his ability 
and loyalty were held by the Executive Govern- 
ment. Early in life Col. Savage engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits at Saxby's Corners, amassing .a 
considerable fortune. He took an active interest in 
the township and county, and was a member for 
many years of the township and county councils. 



9& " ' 

He was a warm advocate of the Stan stead, Shefford 
and Chambly Railway, and aided much in its con- 
struction ; and was also one of the directors. He 
was one of the earliest promoters of the Eastern 
Townships Bank, and one of the directors till his 
removal West. He was frequently solicited to pre- 
sent himself as a candidate for Parliamentary honors, 
but he persistently declined. He was faithful to any 
trust imposed on him, and his removal to Illinois, 
in 1862, was much regretted. He died at Foreston. 
111., Nov. 20th, at the ripe age of seventy-two. Take 
him all in all he was a noble,true man, and his death 
is mourned by a large circle of friends. 

S. N. Blackwood has lived in Shefford for thirty- 
five years. He was born in Montreal. Commencing 
the business of life with only the capital of a clear 
head and willing hands, his success has been eminent. 
For some years after coming to Shefford he was his 
own shoemaker, harnessmaker, general mechanic and 
farmer. Now a fine farm of over two hundred acres ) 
with farm buildings to correspond, evidences his 
success in the last pursuit. For twenty years he has 
been president of the Agricultural Society of'Shef- 
ford, and also succeeded Judge Dunkin as member of 
the Agricultural Council for the District of Bedford. 
He has been a commissioner of the Commissioners 
Court for twenty -four years, and municipal councillor 
for several years. Mr. Blackwood, though Canadian 
by birth, is of Scotch descent, with all the distin- 
guishing characteristics of the sons of the land o' hea- 
ther : stern, upright, thrifty, benevolent, and, withal, 
a man of no ordinary judgment and ability. 

Wm. Saxby, now one of the most influential men 


here, and from whom the place gets the name of 
Saxby's Corners, has resided here several years, as 
merchant and postmaster. He has been municipal 
councillor, and now holds the office of mayor of Shef- 

In 1852 the post office was established here, Daniel 
E. Savage being the first postmaster. The office 
took the name of Shefford Mountain. 

Dr. Wash burn, who is mentioned in the history of 
Frost Village, once met with an adventure near this 
place. Riding along on horseback he discovered a 
bear, with one or two cubs, crossing the road before 
him. Dismounting, he followed Mistress Bruin over 
a brush fence, somewhat in bravado, intending to 
frighten her, and perhaps seize one of her cubs, which 
were quite small. The bear, however, squared round 
to him as soon as he had crossed the fence, and, as 
he had no weapon save the slender switch he used for 
a riding-whip, he found his situation not altogether 
pleasant. Fearing to retreat, he boldly walked up to 
the bear sitting on her haunches, and lustily laid his 
switch over her head. The bear snarled, growled, 
and tried to fend off his blows for a few moments, 
and then, much to her assailant's comfort, turned and 
ran away. 


John Savage, jun., son of Capt. John Savage, the 
first settler at West Shefford, was the first who took 
up his abode in this part of the township. He cut 
his way through the forest from West Shefford, and 
settled here in 1796. He took up a lot, now owned 
and occupied by the widow of his late son, Charles 
Savage. He built a sawmill here about the year 1820, 
and some years subsequently his son, Abram, built a 
grist mill. Since that period the place has been 
known as Savage's Mills. In 1875, several lots were 
taken from this part of Shefford and united with lots 
from adjacent townships to form the parish of Ste. 

In the early history of Shefford two companies of 
militia were organized and were commanded respec- 
tively by Capt. Henry Powers and Capt. John Savage. 
At the commencement of the rebellion of 1837-'38 
two companies of volunteers were formed, and these 
were commanded by Capt. Mark Whitcomb and Capt. 
Abram Allen. A company of cavalry was also organ- 
ized at the same time. In 1862, two companies of 


volunteers were also formed, and these were com- 
manded respectively by Capt. Zenas Eeynolds and 
Capt. Charles Maynes. On the death of Capt. Rey- 
nolds H. L. Robinson took his place as Captain, bv 
request of the Company. On his resignation F. E. 
Fourdrinier took the captaincy,and he being promoted 
not long afterwards was succeeded by George Codd, 
who is still captain of this company. Capt. Charles 
Maynes died, and was succeeded in the command of 
his company by his brother, James Maynes, who still 
retains the position. In 1864, another company was 
organized, of which J. H. Leonard became captain, 
but, resigning soon, L. H. Brooks took his place. In 
1865, a volunteer company was organized at West 
Shefford, commanded by Capt. W. Wood. In 1864, a 
prize offered by Government to the volunteers in the 
district of Montreal for proficiency in drill, was won 
by the company of Capt. Reynolds, and that of Capt. 
Maynes, at the same time, received honorable men- 
tion for their good drill. 

The surface of Shefford is somewhat broken, though 
very little of it is so rough as to render it unfit for 
agricultural purposes. The only mountain is in the 
western part of the township. 

The number of elementary schools in Shefford is 

The following history of the Township and County 
Councils has been prepared by O. B. Kemp, Esq. : 

Formation of Township Council of Shefford, July, 1855. 

Members. James Thompson, Jonathan Robinson, Mark 
Whitcomb, Simeon Martin, James Hays, John Booth and 
Lucius S. Huntington. 

First Session held Waterloo, 13th July, 1875. A. B. Par- 
melee, Esq., appointed secretary-treasurer. Jonathan 
Robinson, mayor. 


January 2nd, 1856, James Thompson was replaced by 
appointment of Col. Benj. Savage. 

April 6th, 1857, a By-Law was passed taking 14375 
stock Stanstead, Shefford and Chambly Kailway. 

November 2nd, 1857, Council tendered two sites for 
Court House, and a third site was recommended. 

2nd General Election held in January, 1859. 

Members. Jonathan Robinson, John Booth, Duke 
Roberts, Silas Geer, Hugh McClintock, Benjamin Savage 
and Lucius S. Huntington. 

First General Session, 1st February, 1858, James Miller 
appointed secretary-treasurer. J. Robinson re-elected 

Session July 5th, 1858, sites tendered for Court House 
were withdrawn and another site, to wit, one half acre north 
of the residence of George Robinson, on Lot 21, in 4th 
Range tendered. 

December 6th, 1858, James Miller resigned, and John B. 
Lay, Esq., was appointed secretary-treasurer. 

3rd General Election of Councillors, 9th January, 1860. 

Members. A. B. Parmelee, S. N. Blackwood, Charles 
Allen, James Miller, Duke Roberts, Jesse S. Martin and 
Jedediah C. Spencer. 

First Session, 3rd Council, 16th January, I860. A. B. 
Parmelee elected mayor. J. B. Lay resigned, and L. S. 
Huntington appointed secretary-treasurer. 

15th November, 1860, L. S. Huntington resigned, and 
J. B. Lay appointed secretary-treasurer. 

4th General Election of Councillors, 12th January, 1862. 

A. B. Parmelee, J. S. Martin, W. 0. Lawrence, Alfred F. 
Lay, John N. Mills, John Clary and Edward Perras. 

First Session, 4th February, 1862. A. B. Parmelee re- 
elected mayor. 

5th General Election, llth January, 1864. 

A. B. Parmelee, G. G. Stevens, Jesse S. Martin, John 
Clary, Hugh McClintock, Samuel N. Blackwood and Moise 

First Session, 1st February, 1864. A. B. Parmelee, re- 
elected mayor. 4th March, 1865, J. B. Lay resigned. 
John P. Noyes appointed secretary-treasurer. 

October 1st, 1866. Resolution of sympathy was passed 
to family of J. S. Martin, and same Session William Wil- 
lliams was appointed to the Council to succeed Martin. 

At a General Monthly Session, 7th January, 1867, Syl- 
vester S. Martin was appointed councillor in room and 
place of G. G. Stevens, who became incapacitated from 


acting in consequence of his residing in the Corporation 
of the Village of Waterloo. At same Session, A. B. Parme- 
lee re-elected mayor ; that, although he lived within Cor- 
poration of Waterloo, he owned land in the Township. 
Township divided into two Electoral sub-divisions 4th 
February, 1867. 

7th Election, February 3rd, 1878. 

A. B. Parmelee, Hugh McClintock, S. N. Blackwood, 
Flavien Cote, S. S. Martin, W. W. Williams and John N. 

Session, 3rd February, 1868. A. B. Parmelee elected 

8th Election, 10th January, 1870. 

A. B. Parmelee, Hugh McClintock, S. S. Martin, Dennis 
M. Savage, Flavien Cute, John Williams, and George Tait. 
A. B. Parmelee re-elected mayor, 7th February, 1870. By- 
Law passed taking stock in the Richelieu, Drummond and 
Arthabaska Railway, $50,000, 6th February, 1871 ; recon- 
sidered 6th March, 1871 ; approved by electors, 4th April, 
1871 5 ratified by Council, 1st May, 1871. 

9th Election, 8th January, 1872. 

A. B. Parmelee and George Tait elected by acclamation, 
and Francis Fortin, Dennis M. Savage, William Saxby, Fla- 
vien Cote and Sylvester S. Martin by greatest number of 
votes. 5th February, 1872, A. B. Parmelee re-elected mayor. 

Meeting of Electors held 12th January, 1874, for election 
of two Councillors, at which meeting George Savage and 
William Pearson were elected, replacing Francis Fortin 
and Dennis M. Savage. 

2nd February, 1874. S. S. Martin appointed mayor. 

16th June, 1874.' A. B. Parmelee resigned and Philo A. 
Curtis appointed by Council to fill vacancy. A vote of 
thanks was passed to A. B. Parmelee upon his resignation 
for the services rendered by him during the many years 
he had filled the offices of secretary-treasurer and mayor 
of said Township. 

General Public Meeting for Elections of Councillors, 1 1 th 
January, 1875 S. S. Martin, William Saxby and Flavien 
Cote re-elected. 

First Session, 1st February, 1875. S. S. Martin re-elect- 
ed mayor. 

March 1st. 0. B. Kemp appointed assistant secretary- 
treasurer. S. S. Goddard appointed 5th April by Council 
to fill vacancy occasioned by disqualification of George 


Savage, whose domicile is in the Parish of St. Pudentienne, 
which was organized in January, 1875. 

General Election, llth January, 1876. 

George Tait re-elected by acclamation after contest. 
Philo A. Curtis re-elected. 

First General Session. William Saxby elected mayor. 
Composition of Present Council. 

Mayor William Saxby. Councillors S. S. Martin, Wil- 
liam Pearson, George Tait, Philo A. Curtis, S. S. Goddard, 
Flavien Cote. 


1855 $392,805.00 

1858 555,035.00 

1860 524,674.00 

1864 672,618.00 

1865 521,268.00 

1866 773,452.00 

1867 631,682.00 

1869.... 565,487.00 

1872 680,905.00 

1875 , *714,508.00 

1st General quarterly session of County Council of the 
County of Shefford, held llth Sept., 1855. 


Jonathan Robinson, Mayor of Shefford. 

Washington Frost, (l Granby. 

Asaph A. Knowlton, " South Stukely. 

Michel A. Bessette, " North Stukely. 

Flavien R. Blanchard, Ely. 

John S, Cummins, " Roxton. 

Pierre H. Guyon, " Milton. 

Jonathan Robinson elected warden, and A. B. Parmelee, 
secretary-treasurer | delegates, Knowlton and Bessette. 
Session 12th March, 1856, resolution passed to build a 
registry office; site accepted from Charles Allen, Esq. 
Building accepted September ^lOth, 1856. Quarterly ses- 
sion, March llth, 1857. Hyzien Dubrule replaced Cum- 
mins, Roxton. A report was received from the Township 

* After deducting 40 lots taken from the Township in forming the 
Parish of Ste Pudentienne. 


Council of Shefford that the amount required to be paid 
by Shefford towards county buildings had been subscri^d. 
Waterloo fixed as the chef -lieu of the county, and sec- 
retary-treasurer ordered to petition the Governor General 
to approve of the village of Waterloo as the chef-lieu of 
the county at which the Circuit Court should be held. 

MEMBERS, 1858. 

J. Robinson, Mayor of Shefford. 

Washington Frost, " Granby. 

Thomas Hacket, " Milton. 

G. G. Stevens, " Roxton. 

F. R. Blanchard, " Ely. 

M. A. Bessette, u North Stukely. 

Thomas Rooney, " South Stukely. 

J. Robinson re-elected warden, Stevens and Blanchard, 
county delegates. 

Members 1859 same as above, and Patrick Hackett, 
mayor village of Granby. March 9th, 1859, warden author- 
ized to receive deed of land offered by Township Coun- 
cil for site of County Court House. 

June 8th, 1859. Plan of County Court House accepted, 
and secretary-treasurer ordered to advertise for tenders. 

By-law passed taking 1150 shares in capital stock of 
Stanstead, Shefford and Chambly Railway. Quarterly 
session July 26th, 1859. Members as above, Harrison L. 
Knowlton replaces Thomas Rooney, South Stukely _ 
Tenders for building Court House by H. D. Jordan andA.' 
F. Lay for $2,664 accepted, and secretary-treasurer ordered 
to give notice of meeting of electors of county to approve 
or disapprove taking stock in the Stanstead, Shefford and 
Chambly Railway for 22 August, 1859. By-law confirmed 
by electors, and by-law ratified by Council, August 30th, 
General quarterly session, March 14th, 1860. 


A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

Jacob Shepherd, " South Stukely. 

M. A. Bessette, " North Stukely. 

F. C. Gilmour, " Village of Granby. 

John Wood, " Roxton. 

F. R. Blanchard, Ely. 

Marcus Dougherty, " Granby. 

Thomas Hackett, Milton. 


A. B. Parmelee elected warden, and V. Nutting appoint- 
ed secretary-treasurer. 

MEMBERS, 1862. 

A. B. Parmelee, - Mayor of Shefford. 
M. A. Bessette, " North Stukely. 

F. R. Blanchard Ely. 

Hyacinthe Dubrule, " Roxton. 
Charles Brin, " Milton. 

James Homer, " Village of Granby. 

Robert Cunningham " Granby. 
Amasa E. Knowlton, " South Stukely. 
A. B. Parmelee, re-elected warden. 

V. Nutting, Esq., resigned, and M. Boyce appointed 
secretary-treasurer ; delegates, Bessette and Blanchard. 

MEMBERS, 1863. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

M. A. Bessette, " N. Stukely. 

F. R. Blanchard, " Ely. 

Amasa E. Knowlton, " South Stukely. 

Robt. Cunningham, " Granby. 

James Homer, " Village of Granby. 

John Wood, " Roxton Falls. 

Hyacinthe Dubrule, " Roxton. 

1st January, 1864, Township of Ely was divided for 
Municipal purposes. 

MEMBERS, 1864. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

Charles Brin, " St. Cecile de Milton. 

Charles Chaput, St. Valerien de Milton 

Narcisse Trudeau, " Roxton. 

John Wood, " Village Roxton Falls. 

Robert Cunningham, (l Granby. 

E.Bradford, " Village of Granby. 

Pierre Gendreau, " Ely. 

Joseph Smith, " North Ely. 

A. B. Parmelee re-elected warden. 
County delegates Trudeau and Chaput. 
June Session. Resolved that County Council Meetings 
in future be held in lower part of Court House. 

A petition was presented by R. A. Ellis, Esq., and others, 
praying for the erection of a certain tract of land in the 
Township of Shefford into a village municipality, and was 


referred to M. Mitchel, Esq., provincial land surveyor, as 
special superintendent. 

General Quarterly Session, 4th September, 1864. 
M. Mitchel reported in favor of the erection of the Vil- 
lage of Waterloo into a separate municipality, which was 
duly homologated. 

MEMBEKS, 1865. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

M. A. Bessette, " North Stukely. 

Charles Brin, " Milton. 

Charles Chaput, St. Valerien. 

N. Trudeau, " Eoxton. 

John Wood, Eoxton Falls. 

Kobt. Cunningham, " Granby. 

A. Dubrule, " Ely. 

Joseph Smith, " North Ely. 

W. W. Willard, South Stukely. 

E. Bradford, " Village of Grranby. 

MEMBERS, 1866. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

W. W. Willard, " South Stukely. 

M. A. Bessette, North Stukely. 

Joseph Roussin, " South Ely. 

N. Trudeau, " Roxton. 

P. H. Guyon, St. Cecile. 

R. Cunningham, " Granby. 

J. G. Cowie, " Village of Granby. 

Joseph Perreault, " St. Valerien. 

John Wood, " Roxton Falls. 

Joseph Smith, " North Ely. 

A. B. Parmelee re-elected warden. 

County delegates Warden, J. G. Cowie and M. A. Bes- 

January 20th. M. Boyce resigned, and Thomas Brassard, 
Esq., appointed secretary-treasurer. 

MEMBERS, 1867. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

Hon. A. B. Foster, " Waterloo. 

W. W. Willard, " South Stukely. 

M. A. Bessette, North Stukely. 

Joseph Roussin, " South Ely. 

John Wood, " Roxton Falls. 

F. F. Legendre, " St. Cecile de Milton. 


J. G. Cowie, Mayor of Village of Granby. 

R. Cunningham, " Granby. 

Joseph Smith, " North Ely. 

Joseph Perreault, " St. Valerien. 

Narcisse Trudeau, " Eoxton. 

A. B. Parmelee re-elected warden. 
County delegates Warden, Cowie and Bessette. 

MEMBERS, 1868. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

R. A. Ellis. " Waterloo. 

W. W. Willard, " South Stukely. 

M. A. Bessette, " North Stukely. 

John Wood, " Roxton Falls. 

Narcisse Trudeau, " Roxton. 

F. H. Ayet, " St. Valerien. 

Andrew Kay, " Granby. 

J. G. Cowie, " Village of Granby. 

Joseph Smith, " North Ely. 

Joseph Roussin, " Ely. 

Antoine Cote, " St. Cecile. 
A. B. Parmelee re-elected warden. 

County delegates Warden, Cowie and Cote. 

MEMBERS, 1869. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

W. W. Willard, " South Stukely. 

A. Cote, " St. Cecile. 

Andrew*Kay, " Granby. 

J. G. Cowie, Village of Granby. 

R. A. Ellis, " Waterloo. 

M. A. Bessette, " North Stukely. 

John Wood, " Roxton Falls. 

N. Trudeau, " Roxton. 

F. H. Ayet, " St. Valerien. 
James Smith, North Ely. 
Joseph Roussin, " Ely. 

MEMBERS, 1870. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

G. G. Stevens, li Waterloo. 
Benj. M. Martin, " South Stukely. 
M. A. Bessette, " North Stukely. 
Warren A. Lay, South Ely. 
Wm. L. Davidson, North Ely. 
Narcisse Trudeau, " Roxton. 



John Wood, Mayor of Eoxton Falls. 

F. H. Ayet, " St. Valerien. 

Theophile Brunelle, " St. Cecile. 

Andrew Kay, " Granby. 

J. G-. Cowie, " Village of Granby. 

A. B. Parmelee re-elected warden. 
County delegates Warden, Trudeau and Cowie. 
Quarterly Session, 8th June, 1870. An address was pre- 
sented by County Council to his Koyal Highness Prince 
Arthur, tendering him a welcome upon his arrival in the 
Eastern Townships. 

MEMBERS, 1871. 

A. B. Parmelee, 
G. G. Stevens, 

B. M. Martin, 
M. A. Bessette, 

* W. A. Lay, 
W. L. Davidson, 
N. Trudeau, 
John Wood, 
F. H. Ayet, 
F. Brunelle, 
A. Kay, 
J. G. Cowie, 

Mayor of Shefford. 
" Waterloo. 

" South Stukely. 

" North Stukely. 

" South Ely. 

" North Ely. 

" Roxton. 

" Roxton Falls. 

" St. Valerien. 

" St. Cecile. 

" Village of Granby. 

MEMBERS, 1872. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

G. G. Stevens, 

R. Peters, 

J. B. St. Pierre, 

N. Trudeau, 

Fred. D. Pariseau, 

Andrew Kay, 

James Irwin, 

Joseph Robin, 

W. L. Davidson, 

John Wood, 

F. H. Ayet, 


South Stukely. 

North Stukely. 


St. Cecile. 


Village of Granby. 


North Ely. 

Roxton Falls. 

St. Valerien. 

A. B. Parmelee re-elected warden. 
County delegates Stevens, Trudeau and the warden. 

Lay replaced by 0. Gendreau. 


MEMBERS, 1873. 

A. B. Parmelee, Mayor of Shefford. 

G. G-. Stevens, " Waterloo. 

R. Peters, " South Stukely. 

J. B. St. Pierre, " North Stukely. 

J. Robin, " Ely. 

N. Trudeau, Roxton. 

John Wood, Roxton Falls. 

Andrew Kay, " Granby. 

S. H. C. Miner, " Village of Granby. 

Thomas Cassidy, " North Ely. 

Damase Langevin, " St. Cecile. 

F. H. Ayet, " St. Valerien. 
A. B. Parmelee re-elected warden. 

County delegates Warden, Stevens and Trudeau. 

MEMBERS, 1874. 

G. G. Stevens, Mayor of Waterloo. 
S. S. Martin, " Shefford. 

M. R. Knowlton, " South Stukely. 

Chas. Willard, " St. Cecile. 

Andrew Kay, " Granby. 

S. H. C. Miner, Village of Granby. 

J. B. St. Pierre, North Stukely. 

Joseph Robin, " Ely. 

W. L. Davidson, " North Ely. 

John Wood, " floxton Falls. 

N. Trudeau, " Roxton. 

F. H. Ayet, " St. Valerien. 

G. G. Stevens, Esq., elected warden. 
County delegates Warden, Kay and Trudeau. 

A vote of thanks was passed unanimously to A. B. Par- 
melee, Esq., upon his retirement, for the able and impar- 
tial and straightforward manner in which he has conducted 
the affairs of the Municipality during the long period 
fourteen years) he has filled the office of warden of this 

MEMBERS, 1875. 

G. G. Stevens, Mayor of Waterloo. 
S. S. Martin, " Shefford. 

R, Peters, " South Stukely. 

Dr. J. Fregeau, " North Stukely. 

W. L. Davidson, " North Ely. 

Benj. Truax, " South Ely. 



W. Trudeau, Mayor of Eoxton. 
John Wood, " Eoxton Falls. 

F. H. Ayet, St. Valerien. 
Hyacinthe Lecours, " St. Cecile. 
A. Kay, " Granby. 

S. H. C. Miner, " Village of Granby. 

G. G. Stevens, Esq., re-elected warden. 

County delegates Warden, Kay and Trudeau. 0. B. 
Kemp appointed assistant secretary-treasurer of County 
Council, Parish of Ste. Pudentienne, organized 1875, taking 
part from North West corner of Shefford. 

MEMBERS, 1876. 

G. H. Allen, 
Wm. Saxby, 
John Wood, 
A. Kay 

W. L. Davidson, 
John Wood, 
R. Peters, 
Benj. Truax, 
N. Trudeau, 
Magloire Fregeau, 
Jeremie Bachand, 
S. H. C. Miner, 
Cleophas Leclerc, 

Mayor of Waterloo. 

" Shefford. 

" Roxton Falls. 

" Granby. 

" North Ely. 

" Roxton Falls. 

" South Stukely. 

" Ely. 

" Roxton. 

" Ste. Valerien. 

" Ste. Pudentienne. 

" Village of Granby. 

St. Cecile. 

John Wood elected warden. 
County delegates Warden, Kay and Trudeau. 







WATERLOO, ..... P. Q, 

Jl & O JrtMR , 

WATERLOO, - - - - P. Q. 




WATERLOO, - - - P.Q. 


WATERLOO, - - - - P.Q. 





Official Assignees for the District cf Bedford, Commissioners 
of the Superior Court, 

Agents for the Loan of Moneys and General Agencies- 





Stationer & Bookseller, 


Fine Boots and Shoes, Ladies' Fancy Requi- 
sites and 


In general. 

Always on hand a good stock of Books, 

By Standard Authors. 

ine of Stationery and jBlank 


in the Eastern Townships. All shades of Berlin Wool 
usually in stock. 

Full Lines of Slipper, Stcol, Bracket, Pincushion 
and various other Patterns. 

Orders received for Books or other Goods in my line not in 
Stock will be procured at earliest convenience, with no extra 
charge. Orders taken for periodicals at publishers' rates. 






Wholesale and Detail Druggist, 

Dawson's Block, near the Brooks House, 



Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Dye Stuffs, 
Oils, Perfumery, Druggists' 
Sundries and 

Manufacturer and Proprietor of Carpenter's 

German Cologne, 

The most fragrant and lasting perfume in the world. Two sizes. 
Price 25 cents and $1.00. 

Carpenter's Extract of Jamaica Ginger, 

An invaluable remedy in Dyspepsia and Sluggish digestion. 
Price 25 cents. 

Carpenter's Blood Renovator, 

For all diseases of the blood. Price $1.00 per Bottle. 

Sole Agency for the Dominion for L. L, Dutcher & 

Sons' Proprietary Medicines. 



Monuments, 'Grave- Stones, Tablets, 



SSTOrders by Mail Promptly attended 




Manufacturers of Crackers, Pastry, 
Bread, and dealers in Choice 
Brands of 

Flour and Goflfeetioeery, 

Wholesale and Retail. 

WATERLOO, . . . P. Q. 


SJP * ^Jf 


The best of PHOTOGRAPHS finished in latest sUles. Al s 

A Collection of Chromos, Steel Engravings, Frames, &c : , 

Always on hand. 

~~C. S. MARTIN," 

Bailiff of the Superior Court. 





Fancy Store and Barber Shop, 


Gents Furnishing Department 

Always on hand. 

Barber Shop kept in first-class style. Only competent men 
employed, and satisfaction guaranteed. A full Stock of 

Jewellery and Watches, Cigars and 

Tobaccos of every Brand. 

Oyster Saloon refitted with all the 
latest conveniences. 


WATERLOO, P. Q., Dec. 1st, 187G. 


& PAYAff 

In addition to all descriptions of CARRIAGES, this firm 'u exten- 
sively employed in the Manufacture of 

Sashes, Doors and Blinds. 


Employs about Twenty Hands. 


i2/w iv-5? 

In all its branches executed in first-class style and at moderate 

(Pictures Framed to order. 

A Stock of 

' Constantly on hand. 

I have on hand nil the negatives taken in this place by 

E. B. HODGE ; Also all those taken in this place 

since he went away. Orders on any of them 

will receive prompt attention. 

Also Agent for the Celebrated 

Ellas Bewe Sewieg Machines. 

JWain. Street, 

Next to Dawson's Furniture Booms, 

WATERLOO, - - "... P.Q. 



The undersigned would respectfully announce to the pu!li< 
that they are Manufacturers of first-class Machinery, consistiiu 
i n part of 


With improved Lercr Set, 

Planers, Clapboard Mills, Water Wheels, 

Shafting, Hangers, Tanner's Machinery, 

A large assortment of COOKING STOVES, Double and Si 

for Hot Air Furnaces. 
Particular attention is called to the Popular COOK STOVE, 


Nbs. 8 and 9, which for beauty of design, convenience and supe- 
riority of workmanship, is unsurpassed in the Dominion, Also. 


A Parlor Cook Stove, which combines economy of space and 
good heating qualities. 

Agricultural Tools, Plows, 

Cultivators, Straw Cutters, Shell ers, 
Sugar Grates and Arch Irons, &c, 

Farmers are requested to notice that we are Manufacturing u 
Superior BARK MILL, both right and left Imml, with sec- 
tional teeth. 

General Jobbing done in Iron and Brass Foundry, 
Machine and Wood Shops. 

All orders entrusted will be executed with neatness and des- 
patch at moderate prices. 

Dealers in Smith's Coal, Bar Iron, Steel 
and General Merchandise. 


WATERLOO, Dec. 5tl>, 1870.