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Full text of "A history of the Sixty-sixth field artillery brigade, American expeditionary forces"

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A History 

of the 

Sixty-Sixth Field 
Artillery Brigade 

American 
Expeditionary Forces 

COMPOSED OF THE 146th FIELD 
ARTILLERY and^ THE 148th FIELD 
ARTILLERY; NATIONAL GUARD 
TROOPS FROM THE WESTERN 
STATES OF COLORADO. WYO- 
MING, WASHINGTON, IDAHO, 
OREGON, NEW MEXICO. 



.W7 



Designed. Engravbd 
AND Printed 



The Smith-Brooks Printing Co. 
Denver. Colorado 



r 



Table of Contents 



Foreword 5 

Tactical History of the (i(ith Field Artillery Hriyjide 8 

History of the 14(ith Field Artillery 85 

History of the 148th Field Artillery 149 

Pictorial History 1 87 

Roster of the (i(Uh Field Artillery Brigade Head(iiiartei-s. . . 2:}9 

Roster of the 146th Field Artillery 245 

Roster of the 148th Field Artillery 299 

( 'asualties :?53 

Letters and Appreciations 365 

(leneral information 371 



'/ MAPS, Western Front Activities 

Champa gne-]M a rne Defensive (2) 
Ainse-Marne Offensive 
St. Mihiel Offensive 
^Mense-Argonne Offensive 
Overland March into Germany 
Road March Western Front 



FOREWORD 

Millions and millions of men — the splendid dower 
of nearly every civilized nation on the <>lobe — have been 
en<i,aj>ed for the past four years in making histoi-y; in laying 
down new »eo<>raj)hi(al lines; in reeonstrnctinii the moi-al 
fibre, the industrial fabric and the Christian spirit of a re- 
calcitrant people. A true Democracy is being s])read abroad 
and the whole world is beino- revitalized. Ho])e has been 
rekindled in the breasts of hoi)eless races; their eyes shine 
with new lustre; their hearts beat Avith a fresh conraije. 
Political and social serfdom is being replaced by an enfran- 
chised and caste-fi-ee independence. The shackles wrought 
by ages of submission on the part of the many, to the might 
and authority of the few, are being eliminated. In brief, the 
world is to be again more nearly that for which it was origi- 
nally created — the abiding place of a world-united people, 
cognizant of that great jtrinciple of the Aiuerican people, the 
inalienable right to pursue liberty and ha])piness, and to 
found and maintain llieir lionu's in peace, and in accord with 
their neighbors. 

Two million men from our own beloved Ignited States 
engaged in this great rebellion against a detestable domina- 
tion and the whole world knows, in general, the effective i»art 
they played in the universal drama. Three thousand men 
and officers in this 6()th Field Artillery Brigade accepted their 
appointed task in the work. They feel a quiet satisfaction in 
their accomplishments. The}' have the consciousness of a 
duty well performed. Their labors in the great woi-ld tragedy 
have been finished, and they return to their homos and their 
customary occupations secure in the knowledge thai they have 
been true to themselves, their country and their God. 

This volume is not designed as a literary achievement, 
though it is not without such merit. It is not offered in the 
spirit of aggrandizement or boasting. The bulk of the offi- 
cers and men came from the great states of Colorado, Wyo- 
ming, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and New Mexico. They 
are proud to have ha<i an opportunity of demonstrating the 
worth of the sons of these slates. This book, therefore, is ju-o- 
duced with a threefold purpose ; 

To preserve in concrete form, the work of the l>iigade 
and contribute it to the historical archives; 

To gather together in logical scipience, Ihe major and 
minor incidents of two years close association, and aid in 
cementing the precious ties of friendshi]) and admiration that 
the men and officers feel for one another; 



6 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



To give an accounting of the stewardship entrusted by 
the great states from whence this Brigade came, and to 
transmit to posterity the knowledge that the Great Northwest 
produced men who were ready to battle for principle, to aid 
the weak, to avenge a wrong against huintinity and to stand 
for Right. 

To the members of the 66th Field Artillery Brigade who 
gave their lives on the Field of Battle, or succumbed to in- 
jury or sickness in camp, this book is reverently dedicated. 



Captain 
William S Pettit 

1st Lieutenants 
Walter C. Lee 
Joseph H. Murray, Jr. 
Louis H. Pinkham 

2nd Lieutenants 
John A. McCleverty 
John Kirkpatrick 

Sergea nt -Major 
Kenneth H. Brown 

First Sergeant 
Arthur J. Gronquist 

Sergean ts 
Grant M. Barber 
George E. Mitchell 
Homer H. McDaniel 
Mack W. Snyder 

Corporals 
Arthur W. Lewis 
Clarence F. Holland 
John M. Fouste 
Everett W. Maxwell 
Iver Burke 
Leonard C. Purkey 
Charles F. Chesson 
Barney M. Hodge 
Even B. Campbell 
Raymond F. Parry 

Mechanic 
Tom Grimes 
Saddler 
Jess C. Martin 



Wagoners 

Melvin Galbraith 
Reuben Lawlor 
Charles R. Specht 
Harrison I. Busey 
Joseph R. Don 
Charles C. Kelley 
Lionel H. Harris 
Clyde J. Robey 

Buglers 

William A. Orendorf 
Angelos Poulos 

Privates, First Glass 
Carl E. Ross 
Conrad Hoff 
Edward H, Bitzer 
Frank A. Imbler 
Hyrum A. Perry 
Gerald A. Malarkey 
John L. Leahy 
Charles L. Conry 
Arthur Stough 
Charles R. Rouste 
Anthony W. Rowe 
Ura L. Adams 
Gerald M. McMeal 
Howard L. Botkin 
Robert G. Hughes 
Lawrence E. Durre 
Everett McDaniel 
John Farquhar 
Roy E. Dykes 
William S. Brown 
Henry E. Wadsworth 

Privates 
Frank J. Starr 



History of OGth Field Artillery Brigade 



William D. Martin 
Charles W. WistLotf 
Charles Biirckle 
Ivan Brokovieh 
Frank C. Parks 
Walter L. Smith 
Santo J. Austin 
William F, Pittinger 
John H. Pitts 
Arthur .7. Rood 
Joseph Dolio 
William H. Warden 
Archie C. Staunard 
James M. Webster 
Wallace Gray 
Charles A. Parren 
Otis E. Pierson 
Anton B. Sorensen 
Jesse J. McManaw^ay 
David C. Cottrell 
Benjamin R. Carlson 
Stanley Passkiet 
Abraham L. Roberts 
Earl Galliher 
Thomas G. Walker 



Arthur C. Woodrow 
Alma Pitkin 
Frank T. Armstrong- 
Edward \\. Ballard 
Clavton W. Biadwav 
Etail W. Butler 
Burton Robcrson 
Guy A. Larson 
Lafayette Blackburn 
Homer O. Aikin 
Wade Vj. Harris 
Robert L. ^Montgomery 
Benjamin TI. Sjtrague 
John F. Cox 
Conrad A. Jensen 
Walter C. Ridgeway 
Carl A. Hassell>lad 
Joseph D. Lambert 
James W. Foy 
Milton Miickelson 
John S. Solloway 
Leander E. Olsen 
Quinton A. Wilson 
Lawrence Rio 
Bernard McCafferv 



♦There were cases where wounded were evacuated and later died, but 
unless official confirmation of death was received names are carried as 
wounded. 



CHAPTER I 



PERIOD OF ORGANIZATION AND TRAINING 
IN THE U. S. 

The initial organization of tlie GGth Field Artillery Brig- 
ade dates back to September, 1917, when at Camp Greene, 
Charlotte, North Carolina, the brigade was christened by the 
War Department and officially came into existence. 

Its identity was shaped by the stirring events following 
April 6, 1917, when the United States, to save her national 
integrity and honor, declared war on Germany, America was 
confronted with the tremendous problem of creating a vast 
army from untrained civilians. 

The various National Guard troops had returned home 
from the Mexican border and were recruiting and training 
in preparation for the call to Federal service. By the latter 
part of June, practically all the states had begun the mobili- 
zation of these troops. The War Department in its plans 
used these units and the regular army organizations as a 
nucleus around which to build up the many new divisions 
contemplated. 

Following the Federalization of National Guard units, 
August 5th, 1917, huge army cantonments sprang like magic 
into existence. At these camps, divisions were being rapidly 
mobilized. The 41st Division was being formed at Camp 
Greene, Charlotte, North Carolina, under command of Brig- 
adier General Jervey. Camp Greene was one of the first 
large cantonments to be completed. 

During the months of September and October, there came 
to Camp Greene, the National Guard Organizations from 
several western states. Over the Sunset trail, came troopers, 
artillerymen and infantry from Oregon, Washington, Colo- 
rado, Idaho, New Mexico and Wyoming. Imbued with that 
virile pep and strength which seems to be breathed in with 
that Western ozone, and seasoned with recent campaigns on 
the Mexican border, these buckaroos from the sage brush and 
cactus, entered eagerly into the big roundup which was to 
qualify them for speedy entrance into the world fray for 
Democracy. 

These western troops were considered in the mamtmoth 
war plan as part of the 41st Division. Even while som/e of 
the organizations were still enroute, for Camp Greene, the 
Headquarters of the 41st Division issued General Order No. 
2, dated September 19, 1917, which, pursuant to telegraphic 
instructions from the War Department, provided for the in- 



IIlSTdUV OF OOtH FllOLD AkTILLKUV liUKiADK 

itial orjiaiii/ation of llie (i(»tli Field Artillery P>riiia<le. The 
regiments designated to compose the Brigade were the 14Gth, 
147th and 148th Field Artillery, which were nndergoing regi- 
mental formation in conjunction Avitli the Brigade organiza- 
tion. However the actual organization of llie Brigade was 
not completed until later, as the 14<>th and 148lh were 
changed to Heavy Artillery and the P»rigade made Army or 
Corps Artillery, thereby having no divisional affiliation and 
consisting of but two regiments of Heavy Artillery. 

The units selected in the organization of the 146th Kegi- 
ment of Field Artillery were Battery ''A" of Koswell, New 
Miexico; the Second Idaho Infantry, composed of companies 
"A", ''B"', ''C", and "D", Head(inarters and Su]>ply comjianies 
and the 1st Battalion of Washington Artillery, com])Osed of 
batteries "A" from Walla Walla, '^B" from Benton and Yaki- 
ma counties and ''C" from Spokane. The New Mexico battery 
left its state mobilization camp at Albuquerque, New Mexico, 
September 24th, arriving at the regimental mobilization 
point, Camp (ireene, Septend)er 30tli. The Idaho troo|)s like- 
wise left their state camp, Boise Barracks, Boise, Idaho, on 
September 24th, arriving at Camp Greene, October 1st, and 
the Washington Artillery Battalion leaving Fort Walla 
Walla, Washington. October 9th, and did not reach Camp 
Greene until October 16th. Colonel W. H. Edelblute of Idaho 
was in command of the 146th Regiment. 

Dtiring this time, the units of the 148th were being j)re- 
pared for service, taken from the state camps and brought 
to Camp Greene. Wyoming infantry, composed of Head- 
quarters and Supply companies, and '*A", "B", and ''C", and 
"D" companies were assigned to the new regiment. They left 
their barracks at Fort D. A. Russell, Cheyenne, September 2, 
arriving at Cani]t Greene Se|)tember 7th, the first of the regi 
ment to arrive there, and taking the brunt of the cam]) work 
in preparation for other units to come later. Other com- 
panies of the Third Wyoming infantry were assigned to the 
116th Ajnmunition Train, a part of the 41st Division. Of the 
Wyoming troops assigned to the 148th, Company ''A'' was re- 
cruited at Newcastle, "B" in Lander, "C" in Powell, ^'D'' in 
Sheridan, Head(]uarters company in Sheridan and Sup])ly 
company in Cheyenne. The Colorado artillery coni])osed of 
Batteries "A'-. "B", and "C from Ft. Collins, Denver and 
Colorado Springs in the order named, was mobilized at Camp 
Baldwin on the outskirts of Denver early in July. Leaving 
that camp for Camp (xreene Septemlier 29th, the batteries 
arrived at the southern mobilization point October 2, report- 
ing to Colonel J. W. Cavender. commanding the regiment. 
The Oregon cavalry composed of Troojxs "A'\ "B", "C". and 
'*D" made up the first separate Squadron of Oregon National 
Guard. The Squadron left its state mobilization point, Camp 



10 History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 

Withy combe, September 6tli and made a nine days' journey to 
Camp Greene, reporting there September 14th. 

The G6th Field Artillery Brigade, being organized as 
divisional artillery consisted of three regiments of light ar- 
tillery, and also exercised command over certain affiliated 
units of the division. The other regiment of the Brigade was 
the 147th Field Artillery. This regiment, the 116th Ammuni- 
tion Train and the 116th Trench Mortar Battery, all of which 
were under Brigade jurisdiction, were of western origin. In 
fact, the entire 41st Division was made up of western troops, 
and was officially known as the Sunset Division. 

During the organization, the preliminary training as 
light field artillery was immediately begun. This instruction 
consisted chiefly of calesthenics, standing gun drills and the 
training of the horses for the artillery work. As the major- 
ity of the horses had been recently purchased by the govern- 
ment from the western plains, they first had to be "broke". 
The westerners entered into this work with keen zest. Many 
of them were horsemen and broncho busters of international 
reputation. The remount station at Camp Greene became 
the dail}' scene of a western round-up. The citizens of Char- 
lotte paid many visits to the remount station to see the won- 
derful feats of horsemanship. It was a novel entertainment to 
see the quick toss of the lariat, the saddling, for the first 
time, of a rearing, kicking, biting horse, followed by the light 
vault to the saddle, and the final triumph of a yelling rider, 
as he "fanned" with his hat, a whirling, twisting, "sun-fish- 
ing" western bronc trying by all the tricks of the plains to 
throw that rider. The westerners won the admiration of the 
citizens of Charlotte. Camp Greene was but a fifteen minute 
hike from Charlotte, a hospitable, southern city with a popu- 
lation of 60,000. Its citizens outvied each other in extending 
the friendly hand of welcome to the soldiers from the west. 
The Chamber of Commerce organized a citizens league for the 
especial purpose of entertaining them. Churches and clubs 
opened reading, writing and rest rooms for their convenience. 
Dances and banquets were held in their honor and every- 
thing possible was done to break the monotony of camp life. 
In return the westerners entertained the citizens with a mon- 
ster western round-up, which was held just before their de- 
parture. 

The Brigade bade farewell to its Southern host during 
the latter part of October and were soon encamped on the 
historic wind-swept plains of Hempstead, Long Island at 
Camp Mills, occupying that part of the large camp left vacant 
by units of the Rainbow Division which had shortly before 
sailed for France. The 146th regiment arrived at Camp 
Mills, October 2'5th and the 148th regiment reached there two 
days later. 



History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 11 

The actual organization of the Brigade, under the com- 
mand of Brigadier General Vollrath was completed at Camp 
JMSlls. Here, while waiting for embarkation orders, the regi- 
ments went through an interesting and instiiictive training in 
the use of the three-inch American field piece. The rigors 
of winter and camp conditions became so bad that troops 
stationed at Camj) ]\Iills were ordered away on December Tth. 
Brigade headquai'ters moved to Camp Merritt, Tenafly, New 
Jersey. The ]4()th followed on this date and the 148th moved 
one week later. All material for the three-inch gun had been 
turned in at Camp IMills and the Brigade had only personal 
equipment. Its strength had been recruited by replacements 
at Camp Mills, although it did not lose its Western identity, 
as the transfers came from units from California, Utah and 
Montana. 

Brigadier General E. A. Wedgwood was in command of 
the Brigade from November 12th until December 11th when 
he was relieved by Brigadier General George Lee K. Irwin. 
Brigadier General Ernest Hinds was assigned command of 
the Brigade on January 17th, 1918. 

Camp IMerritt, with its commodious and heated wooden 
barracks proved a veritable palace in comparison to the squad 
tents and Sibley stoves of Camp Mills. The Brigade had 
moved from Camp Mills in a blizzard, and it was with no 
regrets they entered the newly erected barracks at Merritt 
with their many conveniences. The artillery instruction and 
training was continued here during the short stay before em- 
barkation. 

Never will the Avestern soldiers forget their reception and 
entertainment in New York. The majority of them had never 
been east. They hit the Broadway trail for the first time, 
and their Metropolitan adventures prov^ed like the rubbing of 
Alladin's lamp. Imagine the feelings of western cowpunch- 
ers being wined and dined by kings of finance who thought 
in six figures. Every New Yorker, from the highest strata of 
the elect 400 to the commonei- did his bit in the entertainment 
program. IMadison Square Garden was opened up free, and 
the stars of the dramatic and operatic world shone for them 
alone. They grew blas^ and dined at ease in Rector's, 
Churchill's, Sherry's. They became clubmen, and the Rocky 
]\rountain Club, thrown open in their honor, became a popular 
rendezvous. The men of the GOth Brigade left behind some 
splendid and very dear fostei' parents in New York. And 
when the Goddess of Liberty l)e(ame a tiny sj^eck of farewell, 
as they sped away over seas, many a vow was registered to 
hit the Broadway trail again. But the trail that l)eckoned 
strongest was overseas and orders for embarkation came at 
last. 



CHAPTER II 



THE PERIOD OF EMBARKATION AND VOYAGE 

OVERSEAS 

The Brigade received its orders to prepare for embarka- 
tion early in December, bnt no definite sailing dates had been 
designated. The War Department was judiciously guarding 
the overseas movements of its troops with the utmost secrecy. 
The commanding officers alone knew the exact hour and date 
their troops were to board a certain liner. Not until they 
had crossed the gang plank did the soldier know what vessel 
was to transport him across. This secrecy was absolutely 
necessary, for out on the high seas there lurked a deadly and 
dangerous menace. Using as bases, the hidden caves and 
secret rendezvous that fringed the Irish coast, the Hun sub- 
marines kept a vigilant patrol, and experience had taught, 
that these sea asps were remarkably well informed as to when 
troops sailed and on what liners. 

The excitement and eagerness was high among the men 
of the 66th Brigade when they learned that soon they were 
to sail for France. Many were the surmises and rumors. The 
thrill of running the submarine gauntlet was before them. 
The majority had never made an ocean voyage. All the many 
minor re(iuirements demanded by Army regulations had been 
complied with. Allotments had been made to wives, mothers 
and dependents. Insurance policies were taken out under 
the Government War Risk plan. Much contagious disease 
had developed among the men and the sailing was further de- 
layed by quarantines. Every man had been given the innocu- 
lations as required by the army medical regulations. The 
rules governing embarkation had been carefully studied and 
the passenger lists filled out. Each regiment had prepared 
its freight list and computed the amount of cubic feet neces- 
sary for its transportation across the Atlantic. 

The 146th regiment was more fortunate in regard to sick 
ness and received the first orders to embark. On December 
24th, the S. S. Lapland, a White Star liner, lay at her moor- 
ings, at the Hoboken docks. Her huge funnels were emitting 
clouds of smoke which bespoke a sudden sailing. During the 
afternoon, the baggage and equipment of the 146th regiment 
which had been sent ahead of the regiment to the docks, went 
down into the hold of the Lapland. At 1 :30 p. m. the men of 
the 146th in single file crossed the gangway and filed down 
below. Strict orders were issued that every soldier be kept 



History of (UJtii Fikld Artilleijv F)UI(;ai>io 13 

below decks. Shortly afterwards, the Laplaud turned her 
nose down the bay and steamed silently out to sea. The first 
unit of the Brigade had sailed, but the usual scene that 
attends a ship's departure was lackinp;. There was no throng 
of smiling faces, no waving handkerchiefs, no cheering blasts 
from siren whistles. War had changed all that. The Lap- 
land on December 2(jth steamed into the harbor at Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, joined a convoy of seven other vessels, which 
soon set out to sea and arrived at the Liverpool docks on the 
morning of January 7th. Several submarines had been 
sighted during the voyage, but the convoy had successfully 
evaded them. 

Brigade Headijuarters and the 147th sailed on the Olym- 
pic, January 9th and arrived at Liverpool, January 2'Oth. 

The 148th regiment, delayed by quarantine, did not sail 
until January 23rd, leaving on that date on the White Star 
liner, Baltic, arriving at Halifax January 25th. In convoy 
with nine other vessels and a British cruiser, she again put 
out to sea and arrived at Liverpool, February 5th. Tlie voy- 
age of the 148th was uneventful until the Irish sea was 
reached, when on the evening of February 5th, at dusk, the 
Tuscania, that was following the Baltic at only a few hundred 
yards was hit by a torpedo. The convoy immediately split 
up, every ship making for port at top speed, and the last seen 
of the gallant sinking ship, was her signal lights and rockets 
calling for assistance. The running away and leaving Ameri- 
cans to drown went against the grain of every man on the 
Baltic, but under the rules of the submarine fighting game, 
nothing could be gained by staying, and the Baltic would 
have been endangered. 

In making the voyage, all three convoys followed practi- 
cally the same course, taking a northerly direction and turn- 
ing southeasterly near the Island of Greenland and thence 
zig-zagging across and through the Irish sea to Liverpool. 

The detailed story of the ocean voyages, the life aboard 
shi]». the landings at Liver])ool, the panoramic journey across 
England, the American rest camps at Winchester. England 
and at Le Harve, France, the voyage across the English 
Channel and the trip across picturesque France to the big 
artillery training camp near Bordeaux will have to be chron- 
icled separately. But the goal had been reached. Now a part 
of the A. E. F., and united, with the exception of the 147th 
regiment, which had been transferred, the Brigade was ready 
for the training which was to eventually lead it to the Rhine. 

The separation of the 147th Regiment of Field Artillery 
followed with the issue of General Order No. J?, Headquarters, 
A. E. F., dated January 15th, 1918, providing for the organi- 
zation of the 1st Army Corps, A. E. F. Paragraph 2 of this 
order went into effect, January 20th, 1918, and designated 



14 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

the 66tli F. A. Brigade (less one regiment, i. e. the 147th) as 
Corps Artillery. As reorganized in accordance with table No. 
12, series A, January 1918, the Brigade was composed of two 
regiments, the 146th and 148th equipped with 155 mm G. P. F. 
guns, motorized artillery. 



CHAPTER III 



THE PERIOD OF REORGANIZATION AND 
TRAINING IN FRANCE 

The 66th Field Artillery Brigade received its training 
at Camp de ^^ouge, formerly a French concentration camp, 
located about twenty kilometers southwest of Bordeaux. 
Many additions had been made by the early American con- 
tingents stationed there to make it comfortable for troops. 
Immense storage buildings, new Adrian barracks, school 
buildings, and other construction was hurried, the labor used 
being largely Chinese furnished by the French government. 
One of the largest artillery target ranges in France was lo- 
cated at Souge and to co-operate with the Americans in the 
instruction of their troops, the French Goverament had es- 
tablished a French Miission at the Camp. 

The 146th regiment arrived at Camp Souge January 16th 
and immediately began its training. The 148th following 
the same route from Le Harve, arriving at the camp February 
15th. 

One battalion of the 51st Coast Artillery was being train- 
ed at Camp de Souge upon the arrival of the 66th Brigade, 
and the two batteries forming it assisted the French Mission 
in the preliminary training of the first Brigade of Corps Ar- 
tillery in the American Army. The new guns of the training 
battalion were used by the 66th until their own 155 G. P. F's 
arrived. 

The tables of organization under which the Brigade was 
reorganized provided for a total strength of 150 officers and 
3429 enlisted men. This included the Staff and Brigade Head- 
quarters Detachment. Each regiment consisted of a Head- 
quarters Company, Supply Company, an Ordnance Detach- 
ment, MJedical Detachment and three battalions of two bat- 
teries each. Four guns constituted one battery, making eight 
to the Battalion and 24 to the regiment. The authorized 
strength of a battery was five officers and 222 enlisted men. 
and for a regiment 71 officers and 1689 enlisted men, Avhicb 
included the Ordnance and Medical Detachments carried as 
attached. The brigade was below its authorized strength and 
never during its eventful history did it function with a com- 
plete personnel. Some of the men left behind on details, in- 
cluding a detachment sent to Norfolk, Virginia in charge of 
the horses, never rejoined the Brigade, but the majority of 



16 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

those left behind in hospitals and on details, arrived during 
the training- period at Souge. 

The Brigade was fortunate in having as instructors, French 
Artillery officers whose (experience at the front had taught them 
the finesse of artillery warfare. They in turn were very much 
surprised, that these Americans, new to the game, and with only 
a short training, and that practically theoretical in the use of 
the three inch American field piece, took their G.P.F's and 
started making records right from the start. But the Brigade 
had no easy task. The course of training was comprehensive. 
It covered a vast scope and diversity of subjects aside from the 
laying and firing of the piece, which had to be mastered in a 
comparatively short time. The following is an extract from a 
letter dated February 19, 1918, to Brigadier General Ernest 
Hinds in command of the Brigade from Major General Liggett. 

"'I am fully aware of the fact that you have a hard proposi- 
tion in creating artillery out of the haphazard collection which 
was translated into artilleiy from infantry and other sources. 
However we are all up against practically the same proposition, 
and I am convinced that if any man can swing the job you are 
that individual." 

How well that task was performed is shown by the Brigade 
record at the front. The Brigade received the personal thanks 
of the Commander-in-Chief for its meritorious service and also 
a splendid tribute from the French. 

The G.P.F. or six inch ritie, the use and practice of which 
the Brigade had to become masters, offered wonderful possibili- 
ties. G.P.F. or "Grande Puissance Filloux" was the name given 
the rifle by the French and it was truly an instrument of "Great 
Power" and of wonderful accuracy for a long range piece. It 
was itself a creation of war being invented by the Frenchman 
Filloux. Its manufacture dated from July, 1917, and more than 
fulfilled the expectations of its inventor. Weighing in travel- 
ing position 14 tons, mounted on rubber tired wheels, drawn by 
tractors along the roads at 12 kilometers an hour, and firing a 
98 pound projectile, six inches in diameter at an accurate range 
of 16 kilometers (10 miles), the Hun listened to a mighty con- 
vincing argument when these 21 foot tubes spoke and launched 
their message of concentrated destruction in his midst. 

To guide the destiny of forty-eight of these instruments of 
destruction through four big offensives, with the proper handling 
of a total equipment worth more than |6,000,000.00 meant a 
thoi-ough and comprehensive course of training to qualify for 
the front. 

Modern warfare as played on the European chess-board had 
developed the Army specialist, and nowhere was he more essen- 
tial than in the Artillery branch of the game. To properly func- 
tion, a Brigade of Army Artillery, as well as its component 
units, even down to each gun crew, had to be composed of men 



History of (KIth Field Artillery liHiGADE IT 

specialized in certain duties and trained in that special task 
until their eflficiency had been raised to the nth power. 

The Brioade ^vas motorized. That meant a small army of 
gas engine specialists, and expert drivers for the big tractors. 
The War Department from the start, in co-o])eration Avith the 
French, made its big plan cover in its scope everything that 
would make an efficient American Army. An essential jtart of 
this plan was a system of schools and a faculty composed of 
oflScers direct from the front. A big tractor school at Camp de 
tSt. Maur near Vincennes had been established. Langres was 
a great school center, with its staff college, where staff organiza- 
tion was taught to carefully selected oflftcers. Men in the ranks 
who had shown (lualities of leadership and ability could (pialify 
for commissions. At the artillery school at Sauinnr, young 
oflScers could learn the technique of Artillery. There were 
radio and telephone schools at several places. At Tremblay and 
Boulogne were provided mechanical courses. At Paris was a 
large ordnance school. To these schools, covering as a whole 
the necessary training of the entire organization, the 6Gth Field 
Artillery Brigade sent its quota of officers and enlisted men. 
Men of the Brigade who did not know even the the rudiments of 
military technicpie came back from these schools, ipialified as 
specialists and experts. In addition to the great school system. 
Camp de Souge with its firing school and different courses of 
instruction, had a complete and comprehensive curriculum 
headed by an efficient French Mission. The instructors at the 
head of the Mission were Captain LaRiviere and Cajitain 
Barret. 

During the training period, the goal kept constantly in view 
was readiness for immediate service at the front. It was 
necessary that the organization be trained to function as a 
whole, and batteries, battalions, and regiments were constantly 
practiced in operation as a unit of the Brigade, so that each 
part of the machine was accustomed to working with the other 
I)arts. The most im])ortant features of training aside from the 
firing pratice, were tactical problems, map firing, theoretical 
and ])ractical instruction of officers and non-commissioned 
officers, care and protection of material, ammunition, safety of 
|>ersonnel, communications, liaison, first aid, gas instruction, 
convoying and movement by rail. 

The firing on the range commenced February 4th and was 
finished bA' March 17th. During this service firing, airi»lanes 
and sausage balloons were employed for observation. Battery 
oflBcers made several ascents to dizzy heights in the balloon and 
a number acted as observers in the airplane flights. This in- 
struction in the auxiliai'y branches of the service was particular- 
ly beneficial. It gave the artilleryman a clearer idea of the pos- 
sibilities and limitations of aerial observation. It made him 
appreciative of the difficulties which hamper the work of an 



18 HiSTOuY OF (JOxH Field Artillery Brigade 

aerial observer, but it also disclosed to him the advantages and 
importance of this modern method of observation and the neces- 
sity for its employment to the fullest at the front. Radio and 
panel men also viorked out with the planes and many successful 
reglages were made by wireless communication between the 
plane and the battery. The telephone men also had their share 
of this interesting instruction. Talking to the basket of the 
ball'oon 4000 feet in the air, furnished a diversion which was 
both pleasing and novel. Everyone enjoyed talking to the man 
in the basket. The practical application of the most modern of 
the late inventions in connection with the employment of 
artillery was intensely fascinating, and it was with added zeal 
that the officers and men of the brigade worked to master the 
intricacies of the science of modern artillery warfare. Each 
night all the officers of the brigade were gathered together by 
General McGlachlin for an open discussion of the points cov- 
ered during the day's instruction. These discussions proved 
very valuable. Mooted questions were brought up, discussed, 
and settled. Nearly every point connected with artillery work 
entered into the arguments and no stone was left unturned 
which later might prove a stumbling block. 

At this time those attending specialist schools had re- 
turned. The regiments had both been fully equipped with 
cannon, tractors, ordnance and spare parts, which under an 
agreement with the French government was furnished by the 
Puteaux and Vincennes arsenals. Motor vehicles, tractors 
and trucks came from the Versailles auto park. The tractors 
were of French make, Renaults and Latils, but the trucks 
were of English and American manufacture, purchased by 
the French during the war. 

The course at Camp de Souge was completed toward the 
end of April and as other organizations were coming in for 
their training, it was necessary to find other camps for the 
66th Brigade until the call should come for service at the 
front. 

Organization and Training Center No. 1, of the A. E. F., 
was located at Libourne, a town of some 15,000 inhabitants, 
thirty kilometers inland. It was to this area that the Brigade 
was ordered. On April 14th the 146th made its first march 
by its own transportation to the small towns and villages 
around Libourne, the battalions and batteries being separated 
and billeted according to the limited accomodations which 
the small towns afforded. 

The 148th regiment followed on May 1st, proceeding to 
Castillion and vicinity, one of the larger of the many outlying 
towns around Libourne. Brigade headquarters established 
its new post of command in Libourne at the Villa de Char- 
mille. General McGlachlin and personal staff opened up the 
ancient Chateau d'Vayres, once the abode of Henry of 



History of 06th Field Artillery Brigade 19 

Xavari'o, located on a boautiful knoll overlooking the Dor- 
dogne River, a shoit distance from Libourne. 

Libourne lies in the heart of the rich valley of the Gir- 
onde, sniTonnded bv vine clad hills, beautiful gardens, pic- 
turesque villas and ancient chateaus, it is a place of romantic 
beauty. It was hardly the projjer setting for a training 
ground for troops, but the work continued with unflagging 
zeal. Tactical problems were carried out with all the units 
participating as a brigade. Positions were reconnointered, 
night marches made, guns placed in firing position, telephone 
lines strung, battle P. C's and echelons established, targets 
were assigned and the firing data computed. Everything 
which a unit would be called on to do at the front was gone 
over and over again except the actual firing of the guns, in 
which the gun crews had become proficient on the range at 
Camp de Souge. This work continued until May 15th, when 
the 146tli regiment was ordered to Clermont Ferrand, Puy- 
de-Dome. for the training of the 55th and 56th Coast Artil- 
lery recently arrived from the States. This involved a trip 
by rail as Clermont PVrrand was in Central France and 300 
kilometers from Libourne. At the same time the 148th regi- 
ment became instructors for the 57th and 60th Coast Artil- 
lery in the Libourne area. The training of the 146th and 
148th regiments was further augmented by the instruction of 
these four organizations, which continued until the latter 
part of June. However the 66th Brigade had been inspected 
and pronounced ready for the front on May 1st. 

During the course of instruction at Camp de Souge, the 
Brigade was commanded in tnni by B't-igadier General Ernest 
Hinds and Brigadier General E. F. McGlachlin, Jr. General 
Hinds served until March 24th when he was promoted to 
Chief of Army artillery to the grade of Major General. Gen- 
eral McGlachlin was promoted to the position of Major Gen- 
eral on May 1st but continued in command of the Brigade 
until relieved by Brigadier General William Lassiter on May 
ITtli. General McGlachlin relieved General Hinds as Chief of 
Armv Artillery, the latter being made Chief of Artillery of 
the A. E. F. ' 

Previous to his assignment to the 66th Brigade, General 
Lassiter had commanded the 51st Field Artillery Brigade of 
the 26th Division at that time in line in the St. Mihiel area, 
near Seicli])rey and Mont Sec. The many problems connected 
with the employment of artillery at the front v.-ere demon- 
strated in the course of training prescribed by General Lassi- 
ter and the last month of the training period brought the 
efficiency of the brigade to a high point. However, General 
Lassiter remained with the brigade for only a short period. 
On June 4th the General left for Toul in connection with the 
formation of the (^orps Artillery of the 1st Corps, placing 



20 History of 06th Field Artillery Brigade 

Colonel E. D. Scott, Commander of the liOtli regiment and 
likewise a. front line veteran, in command of the brigade dur- 
ing his absence. The brigade staff also left at the same time 
as General Lassiter for training in the various branches of 
staff work with French and American units along the front. 
Regimental staff and Field officers also were sent to the front, 
in order that they might observe the methods employed and 
become acquainted Avith the new style of warfare. Every 
officer returned with man}^ new ideas and began immediately 
to remedy weak spots in his command. The brigade staff, 
however, did not return but remained at the front, visiting 
one organization after another, in order that they might be- 
come more proficient in their duties before the entry of the 
brigade into the conflict. General Lassiter remained at Toul, 
and during his short stay there built up the staff and organi- 
zation of the 1st Corps Artillery which operated with re- 
markable efficiency during the battles that followed. 

By July 1st, 1918, the war situation had reached such a 
tense point that the biggest climax of the mighty conflict was 
expected hourly. Every American organization which had 
finished its training period knew that the call to the front 
was at hand. The 66th Field Artillery Brigade was ready 
and eager for the summons. It had been ready for the front 
since May 1st, Its efficiency had been further augmented by 
the training of other regiments. Fully equipped and ready, a 
virile mobile force on wheels, it desired to leap into action 
and become an aggressive factor. The next period tells the 
story of its splenclid activity on the front through the four 
big offensives. 



CHAPTER IV 



OPERATIONS ON THE FRONT 

< 'iKiiiipat/iK -Manic Defensive. 

The 60th Fiehl Aitillcrv Bripide went into action dnring 
tlie lull preeeedinp;' the biji (iernian attack east of Chateau 
Thierry, officially termed the Chaniitajiue-Marne Defensive, and 
which bejian ou July 15th and ended July ISth, 191S. Its en- 
trance was at a highl}' crucial time, the importance and dram- 
atic tenseness of which cannot be portrayed without first 
relatino; the series of events, leadinp; up to this memorable 
battle which afterwards proved to be the turning point of tlie 
war. 

Early in the year 1918. tlie Allies waited with dreadful 
expectancy the annual spring drive of the Germans. Four years 
of war had considerably weakened the French and British 
forces and a feeling of uncertainty was broadcast. The suspense 
was soon broken, however, when on the 21st day of ^larch, like 
an avalanche, sweeping everything fi-om its path, the enemy 
struck in Picardy and Flanders. The Allied line Avavered and 
broke. The French and British forces were torn asunder, leav- 
ing a gap of 80 kilometers, through which the German troops 
rushed. On and on they came, forcing the British toward the 
channel and making long leaps toward the S-outh. It seemed 
impossible to check the grey horde. It was at this critical 
moment that Lloyd George gave to the world that fearless 
Anglo-Saxon challenge ''We are fighting with our backs to the 
wall." 

With the Allies breathless and bleeding from this stagger- 
ing blow, the Germans launched another huge attack in a new 
locality, this time between Soissons and Rheims. On the 27th 
day of May, with even greater intensity than that of the Picardy 
offensive, the enemy promulgated his headlong dash. Soissons 
fell. The Yesle was crossed. On they came, sweeping all 
befoi'e them, down through the valley of the Marne on to that 
battle ground drenched with the blood of the heroes of 1914. 
The eyes of the World were focused on Chateau-Thierry while 
it breathlessly awaited the outcome. 

"On to Paris." The Hun battle cry of 1914 re-echoed 
across the Marne. Twice before withheld from the grasp of the 
mailed fist, Paris again lay before them in all her beauty. Con- 
fident now, with the morale of their troops at high tide, it 
needed but one giant smash to reach the aoal. 



22 History of (JGtii Field Artillery Brigade 

It was a crisis for the Allies equally as grave as the 
Picard}^ Offensive in March. The morale of the French and Brit- 
ish was ebbing fast. Disheartened, with their entire reserve 
forces in the line, and worn out with four years of buffeting the 
ever advancing waves, the outlook was indeed dark. In less 
than a week's time the Germans had advanced over fort}^ kilo- 
meters (25 miles) and were in possession of Chateau-Thierry, 
cutting the railroad line from Paris to Metz. This added to 
the gravity of the situation. Many of the French thought 
Paris doomed and the exodus to the Southern cities increased 
daily. 

At this critical moment when nothing but the speedy 
entrance of the Americans could hope to turn the tide in favor 
of the Allies, General Pershing, again placed as he had in 
the Picardy Offensive, every available American unit at Mar- 
shal Foch's disposal. The American divisions and Brigades 
were rushed to the front and hastily thrown into the line. 
Time will never efface the memorable and brilliant checking of 
the German advance. The 2nd Division had stopped the onrush 
of the Germans to the west of Chateau-Thierry, and prevented 
further ])ix)gi'ess in that vicinity. Nothing in the battle his- 
tories of the world, surpasses the gallant fight of the 2ud Divi- 
sion in Belleau Woods. The 2nd Division also captured 
Bouresches and on July 1st, before being relieved had taken 
Vaux. The Third Division had made a brilliant showing and 
held the Marne bridgehead opposite Chateau-Thierry. The on- 
rush was temporarily checked, but the final outcome hung like 
the sword of Damocles over the Allies while the world waited. 

It was this tensely dramatic time, that the (»(>th Field 
Artillery Brigade, along with many other organizations re- 
ceived the call to arms. The orders from G.H.Q. which were 
received by Colonel Scott in command of the Brigade, came 
July 1st, and called for immediate movement to the front. 
Transportation had been planned days ahead. The guns and 
equipment were quickly placed on the waiting trains. Hearts 
beat fast as the battalions one by one, in quick succession, 
rushed to the points where further movement by rail was im- 
possible. 

The unloading of the powerful G.P.F.'s was performed in 
feverish haste. The moment the guns were unloaded, a waiting 
tractor was coupled on, and headed northAvard, they merged 
into the massed columns moving forward and tx)ok their respec- 
tive positions in battle formation. They were on the front and 
ready for action at last. The call had come July 1st and by 
July 10th, the entire Brigade was in battle array. 

These first battle positions were to the west and south of 
Chateau-Thierr}-, which was the extreme point of the German 
advance. They were taken during that tense temporary lull 
in the fighting which preceeded the Champagne-Marne defen- 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 23 

sive. Tbat the Gennans would make another mijihty effort to 
cross the Marne was certain, and the loj^ical place for the 
attack lay between Chateau-Thierry and Dornians, where they 
held the north bank of the river. The Allies were not only 
planning to check this threatened advance by the disjmsal of 
certain units in defensive formation, but at the same time 
were plannino- a mammoth counter attack which was to be 
launched at a carefully timed moment. As a result of these 
plans the 66th Brigade was divided. The 148th regiment and 
the 2nd Battalion of the 146th regiment Avere shunted otf to 
positions in defensive formation to the south of Chateau-Thierry 
and Dormans, and ]tlaced under the direct command of the VI 
French Army. The 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 146th regi- 
ment were assigned to the 1st Corps Artillery and were placed 
in strategic positions in the Corps area, to the west of Chateau 
Thierry on the north side of the Marne river, where they could 
be readily employed in the offensive movement planned by the 
Allies. The Brigade, therefore had a dual mission to perform. 
By this formation the guns placed to the south of Chateau 
Thierry could deliver, in case of a hostile attack, an effective 
counter barrage in front of the first and second lines of resist- 
ance, and at the same time, owing to the long range of the 
G.P.F.'s were able to reach vital points in the German lines 
across the Marne. The guns placed to the west of Chateau- 
Thierry, in the more forward |X)sitions, were available for quick 
movement to follow up an Allied advance, and were able by 
a slight shift of the trails, to enfilade the German lines to the 
west of Chateau-Thierry in the event of a hostile attack. 

The occupation of the first positions did not furnish the 
men of the Brigade the excitement and thrill of battle which 
usually attends the occupation of positions. The din of battle 
had subsided to a minor key. There was the occasional blast 
from a nearby heavy calibre gun or the explosion of a lone 
''arrival" as it landed somewhere over the hill, but that was 
all. The only aspect which conveyed a real impression of 
war, was the endless lines of camions, guns and marching 
columns along the roads leading to the front. The vast system 
of trenches and stretches of barb wire were lacking. A single, 
shallow trench, skirting the fringe of woods and contouring 
around the many knolls and hills, alone signified a line of 
defense. Other than this the country was as Mother Nature 
had made it. Pitted here and there, perhaps, with shell holes, 
but nothing in comparison to the mental picture each man 
had formed of the front or the counti*y traversed later. It was 
open warfare. Improvements such as sand-bagged trenches, 
barber wire entanglements, timbered dugouts and subterran- 
ean passages, common on older fronts, where continuous ar- 
tillery fire had swept the country clear, had not as yet made 
their appearance. 



24 History of GOth Field Artillery Brigade 

The entire area south of the Marne was at this time a 
mammoth concentration point. Although the rapid move- 
ment northward of the mixed columns of infantry, machine 
gun battalions and artillery convoys, over the thronged roads, 
seemed in its immensity an endless confusion, yet there was 
no delay, no congestion. The Allied Commanders had timed 
every movement. It was a vast synchronized counter prepara- 
tion; a battle stand that meant either defeat or victory and 
nothing must be left to chance. 

To fully comprehend the critical situation which faced 
the Allies, it is necessary to carefully study the geographical 
location of the points enveloped in the Aisne-Marne salient. 
This big pocket included all the territory between Soissons 
on the west and Rlieims on the east and between the Aisne 
on the north and Marne river on the south. From a point 
about ten kilometers west of Soissons the line extended due 
south to the village of Chezy, thence southwest through 
Belleau Wood, Bouresches, Vaux, Hill 204, and Chateau Thi- 
erry ; thence along the Marne river to Dormans and thence 
northeasterly to Rheims, Chateau-Thierry, the extreme point 
of the German advance, was the junction point of the trunk 
railroad from Paris to Metz, watli the branch line leading 
north to Soissons. It was also the junction point of many 
national highways, the two principal arteries being tlie Paris 
road and the Soissons-Thierry road which was the main high- 
way leading north. Paris was only 40 miles southwest. 
Massed in this big pocket was the flower of the German army. 
Opposing them were picked French troops and the best 
trained American units. 

The Allied order of battle in the vicinity of Chateau-Thierry 
was as follows : The 1st Corps, U. S. with the 26th Division, 
U. S. and the 167th Division (French) in line, occupied the 
area to the west of Chateau Thierry, extending westerly from 
Hill 204 to a point opposite Licy-Clignon. The 2'6th Division 
held the line from Hill 204 to the Bois de Belleau. The 167th 
Division to the left held the balance of the sector. Major 
General Hunter Liggett was in command of the 1st Corps. 
The Zone of Action of the Corps extended nearly due east. 
The left boundary included and was marked by the towns of 
Licy-Clignon, Monthiers, Epau-Bezu and Bezu St. Germain. 
The right boundary extended from Vaux to Le Channel, pas- 
sing about two kilometers north of Chateau-Thierry. The 
principal objective was the Chateau-Thierry-Soissons road, 
the main highway leading north. 

The 7th Corps French occupied the area to the left of the 
1st Corps. The 38th Corps French held the sector to the right 
of the 1st Corps with its center directly opposite Chateau 
Thierry and its left opposite Hill 204. 



History of OGth Field Aktilleuy Biugadk l'o 

The 0(»tli Field Artillery lirigade was divided in support 
of both the 1st Corps V. S. and the 38tli Corps French. The 
148th Regiment and the 2nd Battalion, of the 140th reginienr 
were in position to the south of Chateau-Thierry in sup]»ort 
of the 38th Corps French. These units were directly nndor 
the command of the VI French Army. The 1st and 3rd IJat- 
ta lions of the 146th formed the nucleus of the 1st Corps Ar- 
tillery, certain French batteries already in the sector being 
placed under the command of the G6th Brigade. This separa- 
tion of the BHgade. was only an emergency arrangement as 
previously explained. Shortly after the Allies took the offen- 
sive the Brigade was united and operated throughout the 
campaign as Corps Artillery of the 1st Corps, thereby winning 
the distinction of being the first American Corps Artillery to 
operate on the western front. 

Brigade headipiarters had arrived at La Ferte-sous-Jou- 
arre on the night of July 4th, leaving Libourne the day before. 
A stop over of five hours in Paris had been enjoyed. Although 
the black shadow of the seemingly irresistible German invasion 
was before them those gallant Parisians joined with the 
Americans in their national celebration. The streets were 
thronged. Everywhere the French tri-color, the Stars and 
Stripes and the Allied colors, merged together into huge 
streamers, proudly floated in the air. It was a splendid in- 
spiration. 

The 1st Corps had established headquarters at La Ferte- 
sous-Jouarre. General Lassiter, as Chief of Corps Artillery, 
had also established his post of command there in close liaison 
with the Corps Commander. Upon arrival there Colonal Scott 
was placed in command i)f all the heavy artillery units of the 
sector. Before the advent of the (ifith Brigade the sector had 
been supported by the Corps Artillery of the 38th Corps French. 
Colonel Drouault, a grizzled veteran with 60 service years to 
his credit was in command. The French artillery consisted of 
one battalion of 105 mm. Long 12 guns; one battalion of 155 
mm. Long, Model 1877, 12 guns; two battalions 155 mm. Court 
Schneider, 24 guns ; making a total -of 48 pieces, 36 of which 
were of the 155 mm. calibre. The l*ost of Command of the 
French Corps Artillery was at Chamigny. It was here that 
Colonel Scott relieved Colonel Drouault on July 5th, officially 
taking command on July 10th and establishing a new post of 
command, replacing the French staff with the Brigade staff. 
The three battalions of 155's were ])laced under the command 
of the Brigade and continued their firing without interruption. 
The one battalion of 105's had been relieved and sent to another 
sector before the Brigade took command. The 1st and 3rd 
Battalions of the 146th which had arrived at Meaux on July 
8th, were made Corps artillery and assigned to positions in the 
vicinity of the French batteries. This addition increased the 



26 History of OGth Field Artillery Brigade 

strength of the Corps Artillery to 52 guns of 155 mm. calibre. 
FV)r convenience of command the artillery was divided into two 
groupments, the North Groupment and the Houth (Iroupment, 
organized as follows : 

NORTH GROUrMENT 
Cdt. Bourboulon (Fr) in Command. 
Post of Command : Dhuisv. 



1st 


Bn. 


334 Regt. 


12 pieces 


155 L, Model-77 


Capt. Prost-Comd'r. 


3rd 


Bn. 


333 " 


12 " 


155 Court Schn. 


Cdt. Chavanne " 


1st 


Bn. 


146 " 


8 " 


155 G. P. F. 


Maj. De Bremond 



SOUTH GROUPMENT 
Lt. Colonel L. V. Patch in Command. 
Post of Command — Genervois Farm. 



1st Bn. 333 Regt. 


12 pieces 


155 Cour Sch. 


Lt. Bougerol 


3rd Bn. 146 " 


8 •' 


155 G. P. F. 


Maj. Wey ranch 



As will be noted the Corps Artillery consisted of 52 guns of 
155 mm. calibree. The normal zone of action of the Corps 
Artillery was the 1st Corps sector, with an eventual zone on 
the right extending south of Chateau-Thierry, In order to more 
effectivel.y cover the eventual zone, the axis of fire of the 3rd 
Battalion of the 14r»th was shifted on July 13th to Chateau 
Thierry, which permitted enfilade fire to be delivered on points 
seven kilometers south of Chateau-Thierry in case of an hostile 
attack. Due to the sixty degree traverse of the G.P.F. points 
seven kilometers north of Chateau-Thierry could also be fired 
upon. The position was one of rare advantage. A reference 
to the map will show the exact position occupied by the bat 
teries which were arranged as follows: 

P. C. SCOTT — Chateau L'Ange Gardien — two kilometers from 
Chamignj' on the Paris-Metz road. 

NORTH GROUPMENT 

P. C. Bourboulon — Dhuisy. 

1st Bn. 334th Regt. — 1 kilometer north of Dhuisy. 

3rd Bn. 333rd Regt.— 1 kilometer north of :Montreuil. 

1st Bn. 146th Regt — 2 kilometers southeeast of Montreuil. 



SOUTH GROUPMENT 

P. C. Patch— Genevrois Farm. 

1st Bn. 333rd Regt.— South of Dom})tin. 

3rd Bn. 146th Reg-f. — T kilometer west of Villers-sur-Marne. 



History of OOtii Field Autillkuy P>iugade L*7 

The reinaindor of tlie Brigade under tlie command of 
Colonel J. ^V. Cavendei- in support of the 38th Cori)s French 
were in positions to the south of Chateau Thierry as follows: 

P. C. Cavender — Bochaj>e. 

1st Bn. 148th Regt. — ]\Iontlevon, 10 kilometers southeast of 
Chateau Thierry. 

2nd Bn. 148th Kejft.— Near La Cliapelle-sur-Chezy, 10 kilo- 
meters south of Chateau ThicM'ry. 

3rd Bn. 148th Kcf-l. -At Yiffort, 12 kilometers southeast of 
Chateau Thierry. 

2nd Bn. 14Gth Kejit.— Three kilometers west of Chapelle-sur- 
Chezy. 
The Commanding oOicors of the Brifjade. re^ments, battal- 
ions, and batlerics ■of the (With lirijiadc as they entered the line 

were as follows: 

Commandinji (KItii F. A. iiri<j;ade — Colonel E. I). Scott 

BRIGADE STAFF 

Lt. Col. M. S. Battle, Counter Battery Officer. 

Capt. J. S. Winslow, Adjniant. 

1st Lieut. W. S. (ilriscom, Ojicrations Officers. 

1st Lieut. R. H. Weitknecht. Information Officer. 

2nd Lieut. F. E. Thomps-on, Ammunition Officer. 

2nd Lieut. Hurley Fellows, Telephone and Radio Officer. 

1st Lieut. J. IT. Mm ray. Detachment Commander. 

14Gth Rejrimcnt 

Commanding— Lt. Colonel L. Y. Patch. 

1st Battalion — ^lajor Chas. de Bremond. 

Battery "A" — Captain James C. Hamilton. 

Battery "B"— Lt. George F. McMartin. 
2nd Battalion— Captain W. S. Pettit. 

Battery -C"— Lt. William F. Ilird. 

Battery "D"— Captain Edward F. Powell. 
3rd Battalion— Major Paul II. Wcyrauch. 

Battery "E"— Lt. James C. Barclay. 

Battery "F"— Lt. William N. Day. 

148th Regiment 

Commanding — Col. J. W. Cavender. 

1st Battalion — Major II. C. Nickerson. 

Battery '^\"— Captain Roy G. Collin. 

Battery ''B"— Cai)tain W. II. H. Cramner. 
'2n(\ Battalion — Lt. Col. P.urke H. Sinclair. 

Battery '*C" — Captain Victor C. Hungerfy)rd. 

Battery "D"— (^i])tain Canton O'Donnell. 
3rd Battalion— Ca])tain W. A. Sawtell. 

Battery "E" — Capt. George C. Nelson. 

Battery ''F"— Lt. G. H. Duff. 



28 History op OGth Field Artillery Brigade 

The ranks oiven above were ranks of officers at the entrance 
of the Brigade into the battle of the Marne-Chanipagne defen- 
sive. Many have been promoted to higher rank. 

The artillery 'on both sides at this time was active. The 
Allies and (termans were almost evenly matched as to Light 
Field Artillery. But the enemy had a jtreponderance of both 
Long Range and Heavy Gnns. The Germans also had supre- 
macy of the air. The French aviators were shifted from place 
to place where most needed and the American squadrons were 
concentrated around Toul. The German planes reconnoitered 
and their batteries made adjustments at will. A German battle 
squadron of about IT Fokkers, brilliantly and oddly colored, 
under the leadership of a famous ace, made its appearance 
from time to time in the sector and as quickly winged its way 
to another part of the front. Because of its roaming activity 
and many exploits it was known as the ''Traveling Circus." 

The Brigade fired its first shot on July 8th when the 1st 
Battalion of the 148th regiment went into action. The 2nd 
Battalion of the 146th regiment began firing on July 11th and 
in rapid succession all the batteries, with the precision and 
rapidity of veterans were sending over their fire of destruc- 
tion. 

The Corps Artillery of the 1st Corps in addition to counter 
battery fire which was its chief mission, conducted a nightly 
harassing fire against the enemy back areas, including the im- 
portant lines of communication, villages, concentration areas 
and points where abnormal circulation had been sjtotted during 
the day by our balloon and observation posts. The roads 
around Bonnes, Etrepilly, Epau-Bezu and Monthiers w ere har- 
assed nightly to prevent the enemy from bringing up supplies. 
During the day fire was conducted against fugitive targets such 
as convoj's m-oving along the roads and against batteries re- 
ported in action. However, daylight firing was liglit on both 
sides, and for the main part consisted of reglages, or fire for 
adjustment. Observation was excellent and the balloons and 
aeroplanes were constantly on the alert to locate moving objects. 
Consequently there was little circulation on either side during 
the daylight hours which justified the expenditure of ammuni- 
tion. Great care was taken not to exceed the daily ammunition 
allowance. A large reserve supply was being created and am- 
munition was issued only to replace expenditures which had to 
be accurately accounted for round by round. Each battery kept 
on hand a reserve supply of ammunition to be used only in case 
of a hostile attack. Ammunition expenditures for the Corps 
Artillery Grouping averaged about 600 rounds for a twenty- 
four hour period. 

That part of the Brigade under command of Colonel Cav- 
ender, to the south of Chateau-Thierry carried out nightly, 
heavy harassing schedules directed against the roads leading 



History oi- GGtii Fikld Autillery Brigade •_'!» 

north and east from riiatean-Tliierry, and important objectives 
alono; the north bank of tlie Marne. inchidinji' the towns of Mont. 
St. Pere, Charteves and Janl^onne. Practu-ally all the f'nini; 
of this gronp was eondneted at nijjht as observation dnrinji the 
day failed to reveal the presenee of the enemy alon^ the river. 
Day firing consisted chietiy of adjustment of batteries. 

The enemy succeeded in keeping his movement well con- 
cealed and only deep reconnaissance flights by aero])lane be- 
trayed the concentration of his forces for an attack. The banks 
of the Marne were ke])t under constant surveillance for signs of 
enemy activity but no movement was discernible. That an 
attack was imminent was certain and the apparent inactivity 
of the enemy forces i)resaged rather than contradicted the prob- 
bility of an early outbreak. The attack was expected hourly 
and our troops eagerly waited for the clash. 

The attack broke forth on the night of July 14th-15tli, when 
at 11:45 P. M., in one blinding flash the enemy artillery opened 
up on the entire Chateau-Thierry front and extending east as 
far as Rheims. The extent of the proposed attack could not 
be be determined and our guns from one end of the line to the 
other quickly took \\\) the challenge and the night blazoned forth 
into a seething furnace. The skies reflected back the intermit- 
tent, lurid flashes as the guns belched forth their destruction. 
Counter preparation oft'ensives were laid down along the entire 
line. Toward morning the enemy fire increased in intensity 
between Chateau Thierry and Dormans and it Avas evident that 
the attack would center in that region. Heavy calibre guns 
were used and the back areas as well as the front lines were 
bathed in shell tire. The guns of the Brigade under command of 
Colonel Cavender kei)t a constant tire on points along the North 
bank of the Marne. Likewise all the guns of the 1st Corj)S artil- 
lery which could reach Chateau-Thierry and points east began 
to sweep the river bank. At 6 :00 o'clock on the morning of the 
loth the (iermans laid down a heavy smoke ban-age under 
cover of which they crossed the Marne at a number of points, 
by boats and on hastily-constructed pontoon bridges. The bai'- 
rage lifted and a heavy infantry action followed. During 
the day the enemy forced the French back six kilometers ca])- 
turing the towns of St. Aignan and La Chapelle. A vigorous 
counter attack executed by the 3rd Division U. S. ejected the 
enemy from Mezy and Fossoy, and the further crossing of the 
river at these points was checked. During the day's fighting 
the GOth Brigade guns to the south of Chateau-Thierry main- 
tained a withering fire against the advancing enemy. The 
guns had to be coctied and re-cooled with buckets of water. All 
through the night our guns swept back and forth through the 
German forces with murderous elTect. During the first stages of 
the German advance which was very rapid, Colonel (^avender 
received word from the French conunand to fire until the last 



30 Hiso^RY OP 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

minute and then blow up the guns and retreat. One battalion 
lay in the path of the advancing enemy and the Germans were 
dangerously near. Petards were issued by the French for the 
blowing up of the guns in case the advance was not checked. 
But the training of the 66th Brigade had not included retreat 
in its course. This message brought to the surface all the fight- 
ing blood of our men and they vowed to keep the big guns in 
action to the finish. The Petards were never used. 

During the night -of the 15th, the 2nd Battalion moved to 
positions near Bochage to obtain a more effective range on the 
advancing 'enemy. The fighting continued on the 16th, the 
Germans succeeding in getting additional troops across the river 
at Dormans where five bridges still remained intact. At noon 
the Allies launched a counter attack and sharp fighting fol- 
lowed in which the enemy was driven back toward the river, 
considerably diminishing the pocket south of the Marne. Vio- 
lently counter attacking in turn, our troops followed up their 
advance making an average gain of two kilometers. Our guns 
working in close support of the attackinar infantry materially 
assisted in this advance. 

The enemy did not renew his efforts on the 17th and the day. 
passed quietly, the Allies resting in preparation for the big 
counter attack which was to take place the foil-owing morning 
over the entire Chateau-Thierry front from Soissons south. 
During the night the 2nd Battalion of the 148th again moved 
to more forward positions in the vicinity of Fransauges directly 
in front of the point of the German advance south of the river. 

The drive south of the Marne had been successfully checked 
and the enemy paid dearly in lives for every foot of ground 
gained. The banks of the Marne were strewn with their dead, 
killed by the murderous hail of artillery fire, the credit for a 
great part of which can be attributed to the 66th Brigade, With 
all but one battalion of the big guns firing at top speed and 
with deadly accuracy, the infantry was given a powerful sup- 
port. The fact that only a few Germans troops succeeded in 
crossing the river opposite the .3rd Division in the region of 
Fossoy and Mezy where three pontoon bridges had been con- 
structed is sufficient evidence of the deadly effect of our fire. 



CHAPTER V 



AISNE-MARNE OFFENSIVE 

Juhj 18th— August 6th, 1918. 

The manner in which the Allied Army delivered tlie smash- 
ing blow of the Aisne-Marne Offensive can well be likened to 
the way a hard pressed jjngilist forced to his knees bv the gruel- 
ling; punishment and telling blows of his oj»ponent, rises to his 
feet at the count of nine, and with all his strength in one fell 
blow, deliver the knock-out punch. 

During the first round of the 2nd Battle of the Marne. 
known as the Champagne-Marne Defensive, the Germans had 
madly rushed the fight, wasting all their energy and strength 
in the vain hope of gaining Paris at any and all costs. The 
impetus of the onslaught had led the fight far into the terri- 
tory of the Allies but the entrance of the American Forces had 
brought the needed strength to enable the Allies to change from 
the defensive and assume the offensive. 

The second round of the battle, or the Aisne-Marne Offen- 
sive dates from 4 :30 A. M. July 18th, the official date set by 
General Foch for the launching of the huge offensive, that was 
to give the count to the German Army. 

The Germans had concentrated their forces around Dor- 
mans and part of their army was cut off on the south bank of 
the Marne. It was a psychological moment for the Allies to 
deliver the blow. The vulnerable spot was the Chateau-Thierry- 
Soissons road. If the Allies could force the fight to this point, 
it would cutoff the main avenue of retreat from the deep Marne 
Ralient. The direction of the attack was due east, the main 
thrust to be south of Soissons with Hill 204 just west of 
Chateau-Thierry as the pivot. By cutting the road south of 
Soissons the Germans Mould be forced to retreat in a north- 
easterly direction through a jungle of devious cross roads 
which would greatly retard their movements. A quick advance 
of the Allies would also endanger the German forces south of 
the Marne. The plans for the l)ig attack had been made many 
days in advance. Oi'ders had been issued and all preliminary 
arrangements completed. Each unit stood in readiness, await- 
ing the arrival of ''Zero Hour." 

The Ofith Field Artillery P>rigade, functioning as Corps 
Artillery of the First Army Corps was entrusted with the im- 
portant mission of Counter Battery work. For days the re- 
ported positions of German batteries had been carefully 
studied on the map and their actual existence verified by a 



32 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

niici'osco])ic exaiiiinatioii of recent aei-oplane photogiajihs. 
The Flash and Sound Ranging station had been busy night 
and day endeavoring to locate new German batteries, or to 
determine the exact co-ordinates of the hostile batteries al- 
ready spotted. The balloon was up from niiorning till night, 
carefully scanning the enemy territory for signs of their ac- 
tivity. The aviators made frequent flights back of the German 
lines, taking photographs, spotting batteries, and observing 
enemy circulation in the rear areas. Much information had 
been gained and a map showing the entire German works, 
battery positions, machine gun nests, posts of command, tele- 
phone centrals, signal stations, and lines of resistance had 
been prepared by the intelligence section of the army. There 
were over 100 reported battery locations in the 1st Corps Ar- 
tillery alone. It was clearly evident that the enemy was em- 
ploying his artillery from many positions, firing daily from 
different locations. This was done in order to give the im- 
pression of the presence of a greater number of batteries and 
also to confuse us as to the true location of actual batteries 
engaged. As there was to be no artillery preparation it was 
extremely important that our fire be directed against the cor- 
rect enemy battery locations when the infantry went over the 
top. Days of work had reduced the number of possible bat- 
tery locations from 100 to 24 emplacements certainly occu- 
pied. 

The plan for the neutralization of these batteries had 
lieen sent the Groupments. All firing data had been accur- 
ately computed, additional ammunition brought up, and 
liaison established with the infantry divisions. The 1st Aero 
Squadron had been brought over from Toul and was assigned 
to work Avith the Corps Artillery. For counter batlery work 
the Corps area was divided into several zones. One battalion 
designated as an alert battalion, was assigned to each zone 
to fire upon call of the aeroi)lane. The aviators were supplied 
with this information and knew exactly which unit to call in 
case a hostile battery was discovered in action. 

The artillery part of the Allied machine was ready. Only 
one word was needed to simultaneously put every gun into 
action. 

The first ''Zero Hour" received by the Brigade came by 
special messenger from Corps Artillery Headquarters on the 
night of July 17th. It was 12 o'clock before this important 
information arrived, but all was in readiness. It alone re- 
mained to notify the batteries. Two motorcycle couriers 
were routed from their bunks and sent out into the driving 
rain to carry this message to the groupments. 

"D" Day was July 18th. ''H" Hour was 4:30 A. M. 
The attack was to be in the nature of a surprise. There was 
to be no ])ieliminary artillery bombardment. Exactly at 4:30 



i^ 5^^ IF 

TO 

OPERATIONS ON WESTERN FRONT 



Pa. r t I c 1 p 2>. I e ci 



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Aisne-Marnc Offenslv 
l8'iJaly-6»Au9 1918 



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Champagne -Morne-Defens 
15'* July- 18»July 191S 



LEGEND 

Direction of Advance 66'- FA. Brigade 

Front Line... 

Line of Advance 

Cities _. _ 

Village 

Route 

Riven 

Stream. 

Railroad 



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HisTouY OF (Ki'iii FiioLu Aktilleuy Ukigade 33 

A. M. on July IS, the entire Allied line from Soissons to 
Chateau Thierry moved forward. As the infantry sprang 
from their trenches and stei)i)ed forth into No Man's Land, 
onr Artillery laid down a thick proteetinf;- curtain of fire, 
the li!j;ht artiUery furnishing" a blinding rolling barrage, and 
the heayy guns suuishing and destroying the (lernian batteries 
with tons of high explosive. It was not possible for the men 
of the Brigade to know wliether or not their fire was carrying 
the infantry forAvard. It was their first ofteusive. But en- 
trusted with (he important mission of subduing tlie savage 
enemy batteries, tliey served their pieces with the speed and 
skill of veterans. 

They had confidence. An enthusiastic jell accompanied 
each shot. Every man felt that his gun alone would win the 
battle, and the shells as they sped through the air had the 
moral suitjtort of each man wlio had lieljied send it on its way. 
They worked heart and soul, and with that inihunitable Ameri- 
can confidence that their comrades pushing their way across 
No Man's Laud would make their objectives. The success of 
the infantry was not known until later and it was with an un- 
bounded jov that the gun crews learned that their shots had 
done their work. Not a (lernian battery was able to open up 
in counter j)re])ai'ation, so etfectively held under the fire of 
our guns. Our infantry unham{)ered by enemy artillery fire 
made rai)id progress and easily kept pace with the Tth French 
Corps on the left. They could have gone farther but as our 
Corps was the pivot of the big drive, our progress was limited 
by the advance of the French Corps on the left. Many pris- 
oners were taken by our troops and it was with a feeling of 
pride and exultation that we watched them being herded along 
the roads. The first day's attack had dislodged the enemy 
from his jiositions. News was received that the 1st and 2nd 
American Divisions south of Soissons had made an advance 
of over eight kilometers, completely routing the enemy. 
Throughout the night our artillery continued a violent bom- 
bardment and the infantry continued its attack the next 
morning. Bai)id gains were made by the Corps on our left 
which permitted our own troo]>s to advance through the en- 
emy's second and third line of resistance, piercing his artillery 
line. Quantities of ammunition and many pieces of light ar- 
tillery were captured on our Corps front. The 1st and 2nd 
Divisions soutli of Soissons had succeeded in cutting the Cha- 
teau-Tliierry-Soissons road, but at this jdace had met with 
such determined enemy resistance that further advance was 
impossible. Our troops on the right had driven the enemy 
across the ^Nlarne and were in headlong ])ursuit. The enemy 
had lost heavily in attempting to withdraw his forces south 
of the Marne river. Eight of the hastily constructed pontoon 
bridges were destroyed by the guns of the 148th Field Ar- 



34 History op GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

tillery which had remained in that sector until after the 
attack. At Dormans the banks of the river were piled high 
with their dead. With our infantry held in check south of 
Soissons, it was necessary for the 1st Corps to push the attack 
and -instead of being the piyot of the driye, it became the cen- 
ter of the marching flank with renewed effort. 

Our First Corps trooi)S pushed forward meeting little re- 
sistance until the Chateau-Thierry-Soissons road was reached, 
where the enemy made a determined stand in a final effort to 
cover the retreat of their troops from south of the Marne. 
However, this proved futile as no power was able to hold in 
check the advance of the Americans. Our troops cut through 
and advanced three kilometers bevond the road and in bril- 
liant attacks, took Bezu St. Germain and Trugny, reaching 
the outskirts of Epieds. Fierce fighting occurred. The enemy 
made many counter attacks undergoing heavy losses and gain- 
ing nothing. Epieds changed hands four times as the for- 
tunes of battle ebbed and flowed. Trugny was taken three 
times before remaining in our possession. 

A general movement forward by the Corps artillery had 
already begun. Reconnaissances were hurriedly made and the 
battalions advanced by echelon, two battalions firing while 
one moved. P. C. Scott moved to Montreuil. The 148th regi- 
ment, which had been relieved from duty with the VI French 
Army, established a temporary P. C. at Bezu le Guery while 
its units were on the way to join the brigade. The 1st bat- 
talion of the 146th proceeded to advanced positions near 
Epau-Bezu and the 1st battalion of the 148th moved to the 
vicinity of Grand Ru Farm. 

The roads were jammed with traffic and movement was 
slow. It was necessary to maintain complete liaison with 
each unit during all movements. This meant lots of work for 
the telephone crews who worked night and day. Before a 
unit moved forward the telephone men were sent ahead to es- 
tablish new connections, and not until the new post of com- 
mand was fully connected up did the old post of command 
close station. This necessitated carrying a double telephone 
net as the units advanced and the telephone men spent many 
sleepless nights stringing wires and repairing breaks caused 
by shell fire. Our infantry advance had been rapid and the 
artillery had a hard task in keeping pace. The roads were 
shell torn and crowded with moving convoys bringing up am- 
munition, food and supplies. Rapid movement was very diflB- 
cult. 

P. C. Scott and the 148th regiment established headquar- 
ters in the shell wrecked and dilajtidated buildings at Grand 
Ru Farm on Juh^ 22nd. The post of command of the 2r)th 
Division had already been established there and many tar- 
gets were taken under fire at their request. 



History of OOth Field Artillery Brigade 35 

The coimtrv traversed presented a imicli different scene 
than that previously occupied. It seemed a miracle that any 
Germans had escaped. The ground was pitted with shell 
holes, the villages a crumbled mass of ruins, the woods 
scorched by artillery fire and the roads literally j)loughed up 
by our sliells. A small army of p]iigiueers were busy repair- 
ing the roads. The fields, woods and villages were strewn 
with dead Germans and the air was foul with the stench of 
the bodies rotting in the sun. 

Grand Ru Farm has been a German headquarters and in 
its vicinity, in woods and along roads were to be seen the 
handiwork of their mole like efficiency. Wherever the ter 
rain presented a si)ot suitable for advantageous burrowing 
and entrenchment, it had been utilized. Deep dugouts, capped 
with huge logs, dirt and elephant iron, fortified machine gun 
nests and sunken artillery emplacements were in profusion. 
The evidence of the enemy's hasty scurrying flight was shown 
in the helter skelter way they had left their personal effects, 
equipment and clothing in the dugouts. They had also left 
the bulk of their war material. 

Many former German battery positions were visited 
which had been taken under the fire of our guns on the morn- 
ing of the attack. When we viewed the awful havoc our 
shells had wrought we did not wonder that their guns were 
silenced. Many direct hits had been scored and the pieces 
of the guns lay scattered in all directions. Dugouts had been 
smashed in and the Germans buried alive. Ammunition dumps 
had been exploded. German artillerymen captured during 
the second day of the attack, had testified as to the violence 
and accuracy of our fire, and it was clearly evident that those 
who had escaped had been favored by Providence. 

General Pershing visited Grand Ru Farm while P. C. 
Scott Avas established there and in addressing the assemblage 
of troops, paid a glowing tribute to the heroic fighting of the 
1st Corps. 

Our troops made but little progress on July 23rd. The 
enemy had brought up many reserves in order to check the Al- 
lied advance. Our guns continued in action throughout the 
day .sweeping back and forth over the enemy positions. The 
enemy artillery was also active and the death toll was heavy 
on both sides. But the battle Avas not confined to the ground 
alone. Swarms of airplanes, both Allied and German darted 
back and forth. Many aerial battles occurred and seven or 
eight planes were brought down in flames, each side scoring 
about equally. Balloons were shot down hourly and it was 
not an uncommon sight to see two or three observers descend- 
ing in their parachutes at the same time. Our own balloon 
observer was forced to jump twice. 



30 History of (>(riEi Field Artillery Brigade 

Onr artillery continued firing througliont the night with- 
out cessation, both counter battery fire and harassing the back 
areas. At midnight on the 23rd-24th orders were received that 
the infantry wonld attack at 4 :05 P. M. The Corps Artillery 
would support the attack by a violent artillery pre])aration 
beginning 10 minutes before the attack and to continue in 
advance of the infantry until all objectives had been taken. 
The enemy ranks were literally decimated by our fire and our 
troops pushed forward overpowering all resistance until 
Beuvardes was reached, where they were held up by heavy 
machine gun fire. The half destroyed buildings of the towns 
furnished the enemy a natural fortress for the employment of 
machine guns, which were placed behind l)arricades in the 
streets, from windows of the gutted buildings and in a few 
cases from tops of houses. Each pile of debris proved to be a 
strongly fortified machine gun nest. Against this form of 
resistance the infantry was helpless. It was Avork for the 
artillery. During the night the infantry withdrew to a safe 
distance and the divisional and Corps artillery combined in 
cleaning up the town which was done in a very thorough 
manner. Beuvardes was changed from a fortress to a grave- 
yard over night. 

With our troops at the outskirts of Beuvardes an advance 
of five kilometers had been made during the day of the 24:th 
and three l>attalious of the brigade Avere ordered to forward 
positions in the region of Epieds and Bezu St. Germain. The 
26th Division, which had so far borne the brunt of the attack 
was relieved during the night b}' the 42nd Division brought 
over from the Cham})agne front. During the day the Corps 
on the right had also made important gains, in which the 3rd 
American division had played a conspicuous part, ca])turing 
the towns of Mont St. Pere, Jaulgonne and pushing forward 
to the outskirts of Le Channel. N^ot since the first battle of 
the Marne had the Allies had the upper hand, and the Com- 
manding General of the VI French Amiy ordered the 1st 
Corps to push forward without cessation. Always at the point 
of the attack and in advance of all other troops, the Ameri- 
cans had blazed the way, cutting through the German ranks 
like a scythe. In order to prevent a disastrous defeat, the Ger- 
man High Command had thrown into the line fresh division 
after fresh division, including many of the undefeated Prus- 
sian Guards, the pride of the German Army. 

Up to this time the territory retaken from the Germans 
had been open, rolling country. Both hill sides and meadows 
were j)lanted to grain, ri])e and waiting ihe hand of the reaper. 
Small patches of woods capped the top of a few hills, but did 
not oft'er sufficient cover for an organized zone of resistance. 
These woods had merely been outflanked Ity our troops and 
cleaned up at leisure. The terrain beyond Beuvardes, how- 



HiSTOKY OF (IOtii Field Autillery I^iugade 37 

ever, was entirely (lifferont. Tlie Foret de Fere, a densely 
wooded jnnjile, extended across the entire front of the Corps 
and was five kilometers dee]». The C'or])s on tlu^ riulit and left 
faced the same proi)o.sition, the Foret de Ris joined the Foret 
de Fere on the right and the Bois de Tournelle on the left. 
The Germans were well trained in the art of woods tightinj]^, 
and were supposed to excel at this kind of warfare. While 
inexj)erience(l in foivst tiiihtinii', the Indian style of warfare 
api^ealed to the Americans, and they beii;in angiiring' their way 
through the mass of undergrowth, displaying as much craft 
as the wily Hun. To aid the infantry through the Forest, 
our artillery swept the woods nightly from one end to the 
other in front of our infantry, breaking up machine gun nests, 
clearing out the underbrush, and at the same time inflicting 
heavy losses on the enemy whose troo])s were concentrated 
at points throughout the forest. Progress through the forest 
was slow, but continued steadily, our trooj)S holding every 
foot of ground gained. By July 27th our infantry had bored 
its way through to the open plateau beyond with the enemy 
in full flight to the hills on the north bank of the Ourcq, 
where it was certain another determined stand would be 
made. 

During the three days of forest fighting the brigade 
carried on its normal mission of counter battery, harassed the 
roads leading north, kept the crossings of the Ourcq under 
continuous shellfire and intermittently placed brigade con- 
centrations on the Foret de Fere, sweeping back and forth, 
breaking the way for the infantry. On the night of the 2.~)th 
the units of the Corps Artillery were moved so as to bring 
them as far as jiossible into their own grou])ings and at the 
same time obtaining the necessary escheloning in depth. The 
units of the GGtli Brigade were grouped around E])ieds and 
Bezu St. Germain. On the 2()th P. C. Scott moved to Bezuet 
and established a P. C. in a shattered house along the road- 
side. The French units attached to the Corps Artillery had 
b(M^n kept in readiness nearly the entire time, owing to their 
inability to follow uj) the advance as rajtidly as our own units 
which were better e(iui]i])ed with transportation. The Brig- 
ade had therefore carried on all the firing, working night and 
day without thought of rest or relaxation. Enemy batteries 
were taken under fire the minute they were re])orte<l by the 
flash ranging station, which at this time Avas working directly 
with P. C. Scott instead of the Artillery Intelligence Service 
which had its office with the Chief of Artillery. With direct 
lines to Balloon No. 2, t6 the Division, and to the divisional 
artillery brigades, liaison was ]ierfect, and the Brigade was 
able in numerous cases to aid the divisional artillery in 
its work. Also nuiny targets, close to the front lines, 
reported by our O. P's and by the flash ranging station, 



38 History of G6th Field Artillery Brigade 

were turned over to the light artillery. The infantrv soon 
learned to call P, C. Scott when they were being shot up, and 
much counter battery work was done at their request. The 
Brigade also assisted in Counter Preparation Offensiyes. 
Nightly C. P. O. schedules were prei)ared in conjunction with 
the divisional artillery, and the guns when not engaged in 
firing were kept laid on their C. P. O. target ready for imme- 
diate action. Our guns were seldom idle. A day consisted of 
twenty-four hours from midnight to midnight, and the hours 
were numbered accordingly from zero to twenty-four. It all 
seemed one continuous period. When the guns were not firing 
they were moving to new positions and the men of the brigade 
had little chance for rest. Rations were scarce and the water 
like ])oison. Everyone Avas tired but no one lagged. There 
was too much at stake. 

On the morning of the 27th it was discovered that the 
enemy had stolen away during the night and had concentrated 
most of his forces on the north bank of the Ourcq, leaving be- 
hind a few machine guns at strategic points to hamper our 
advance. Patrols were sent ahead and penetrated as far as 
the village of Fere-en-Tardenois but were driven out again. 
The enemy had dug in on the north bank of the Ourcq and 
additional artillery had been brought up from the rear, which 
became very active during the latter part of the day, firing on 
our infantry and harassing the back areas. But this did not 
check the advance of our troops. Our entire front moved for- 
ward a distance of five kilometers, cleaning out machine gun 
nests as they advanced, and sending strong patrols ahead to the 
south bank of the Ourcq. During the day the fire of the Brig- 
ade was directed against Fere-en-Tardenois and enemy posi- 
tions on the north slopes of the Ourccj. Counter battery fire was 
also delivered against the many new battery locations report- 
ed by the Flash Ranging Station, which had moved forward 
with the patrols and established observation posts in advance 
of the infantry. "Drab" the code name for Flash and Sound 
Station No. 1, consisting of two fearless and energetic Lieu- 
tenants with a sum 11 detachment and lots of apparatus, ex- 
cepting telephone wire, camped on the heels of the enemy, 
silently watching every movement and immediately reporting 
fresh information to P. C. Scott. Not a German crossed the 
road without "Drab" seeing him, and not a battery fired by 
day or by night that "Drab" did not locate the position either 
by sound waves or by flash. The tcle])hone at P. C. Scott vi- 
brated with one constant ring. "This is 'Drab' " the voice 
would say. "Fifty Boche working on hill 184" or "B. T. A. 
at H 3450" meaning battery in action at the point marked by 
the co-ordinates given. It was necessary for the Brigade tele- 
phone crew to string and maintain the telephone line to 
"Drab." It was constantly being shot out and the telephone 



History of G6th Field Artillery Brigade 39 



c-l(ii 



crew was kej)t busy iiijilit and day ninnin<i[ down the breaks 
and reitaii'iiig the line. One night tlie line was shot ont fifty- 
three times. Too nmch cannot be said of the excellent ser- 
vice rendered by "Drab" in spotting enemy batteries and re- 
porting hostile movements, and it wonld also be unjust not 
to favorably mention the si)lendid work of the telephone crew 
who with nnrelaxing vigilance and devotion to duty main- 
tained at all limes jierfect telephonic liaison within and with- 
out the command. 

July 28th |)roved a very eventful day and was marked by 
some of the fiercest infantry fighting since the offensive be- 
gan, when our troops under a deadly fire forced the crossings 
of the Onrcq. Taking advantage of the cover offered by the 
Foret de Nesles, the enemy sallied forth in many violent 
counter attacks. Fere-en-Tardenois was taken by our troops 
only to be lost and retaken again. Sergy was taken and re- 
taken nine times. The street fighting in these towns was very 
bitter, German machine guns being taken at the point of the 
bayonet. At the end of the day, however, our troops remained 
in possession of both Sergy and Fere-en-Tardenois and had es 
tablished a foothold on the north bank of the Ourcq river. 
The towns and small patches of woods were strewn with the 
enemy dead. Fere-en-Tardenois a.jjpeared as if a cyclone had 
struck it. Hardly a building was left standing. The streets 
were littered with dead Germans — They were everywh(n"e, in 
doorways, in alleys, around the corner and under the debris 
from fallen buildings. One was hangings to the cross arm of 
a telephone pole, blown there by an exploding shell. The 
roads leading to the Ourcq were barely passable, ]>loughed 
up by shells and spotted with dead horses, demolished trucks 
and wagons and peppered with arms and legs and ])arts of 
bodies. It was with great satisfaction that the men of the 
Brigade viewed the deadly work of their guns. 

The fierce fighting continued on the 29th when our troops 
bored their way through the woods north of Fere-en-Tarden- 
ois. During the night our guns had swept the forest from 
one end to the other, exploding several ammunition dumps 
and inflicting severe losses on the enemy. Progress through 
the woods was diflScult but our troops gradually gained 
ground. From statements of prisoners captured during the 
battle it was learned that the enemy bad withdrawn most of 
his forces to the north of the Vesle, and would make a final 
stand there. Every effort was made to push through before 
the enemy could fortify his new positions. 

The French units of the Corps Artillery had moved into 
positions near Beuvardelle and joined with the Brigade in 
harassing the enemy's retreat. The Corps Artillery had been 
massed around Beuvardes and both regimental and brigade 
P. C's moved there during the day of July 29th. Beuvardes 



40 History op OOth Field Artillery Brigade 

was a favorite objective of the bot-lie artillery and was kept 
under continiions shell fire. With the (Mtntinnoiis bursting of 
shells, falling- of walls and the crashing in of nearby roofs, 
there Avas not lack of excitement. Gas alarms sonnded all 
through the night by the blowing of sirens and discharging 
of pistols. Gas masks were in constant nse. To come ont of 
Beuvardes alive Avas merely a question of luck. 

Upon reaching the line of the Ourcq, the C''ori>s zone had 
been changed, the direction of the attack being nearly north 
instead of east. The Ttli Corps to the left had been pinched 
out due to the narrowing of the front. At this time the 
Corps Artillery of the 1st Corps was reorganized, additional 
French units being assigned. Up to this time practically all 
the firing had been done by the 06th F. A. Brigade. The French 
units were poorly equipped with transportation, and there- 
fore could not follow up the advance as rapidly as onr units. 
Under the new organization the French battalions were 
grouped together under the command of a French Colonel, re- 
porting directly to General Lassiter as Chief of Corps Ar- 
tillery. The loss of the French units was hardly regretted as 
liaison was difficult, orders and messages being passed through 
an interpreter kept at both headquarters. French liaison offi- 
cers attached to the brigade rendered excellent service in main 
taining liaison with the French Groupment and their general 
information and knowledge of the country was indis]»ensable, 
yet the French units could not be employed with the same 
facility which characterized the maneuvering of our own bat- 
talions. 

The 1st Corps Artillery as reorganized was as follows: 

American Groupiii;/ 
Sub-Grouping Patch. 
Sub-Grouping Cavender 
FrciicJi Groiipiiif/ 
Sub-Grouping Fournier 



Sub-Grouping De Geoffre 



Colonel S( 


'Ott P. C. Beuvardes. 




14(;th Reg 


inient 24 i)ieces G. P. 


F. 


148th Reg: 


iment 24 pieces G. I*. 


F. 


Lt. Col. Fournier P. C. Brecv 




1/318 


12 Pieces 155 L. 77 




III/407 


12 " 155 L. S. 


17 


1/131 


12 " 105 




11/107 


12 " 120 L. 




P. C. An 


icien Moulin 




11/281 


220 mm 




IV/281 


220 mm 




V/285 


280 mm 




1/133 


12 Pieces 155 C. S. 




1/334 


12 " 155 L. 77 




vin/ioo 


12 " 155 C. S. 





Sub-Grouping Rolin 



The fighting around Fere-en-Tardenois and Sergy con 
tinned on the 30th and it was only after heavy artillery action 
that the enemy was forced from his positions out on the open 
plain. The Foret-de-Nesles and the Foret Dole proved strong 



History of GOth Field Artillery Brigade 41 

points of i-esistniice and it Avas ouly tliroiioli violent artillery 
concenti-ations that these ])oints Avere taken. I)ni-in<i- the ni<>h"t 
of the MOlh the enemy made t*\vo iinsuccessfnl attem]>ts to re- 
take Sei-<iy, and connter attacked in the re«iion of Fere-en- 
Tardenois. The infantry called on P. (\ Scott for a C. P. O., 
Avhich Avas laid down by the entire Brioade in two minutes 
after the messajje A\as received. Twenty miuntes later the 
infantry called np and thanked ns for onr effective tire which 
it was claimed had com])letely broken np the enemy's attack. 
This is only one of many instances in which the ready guns 
of the (i()th Brigade j>roved their etticieucy. 

The period between July 31st and August 3rd consisted 
of a series of daily attacks i)rinci])ally against the enemy's 
rear guard which was protecting the crossing of the nmin 
body to the heights beyond the Vesle Kiver, where it Avas i-e- 
l)orted the enemy Avould make a final stand. Our troops 
(piickly cut through the rear guard making ra])id gains each 
day, and on August 3rd had taken all the towns and import- 
ant points south of the Yesle. The enemy artillery to the 
north of the Yesle kept up a constant fire against our troops. 
The 1st Battalion of the 14r)th and the Third of the 148th 
were moved to advance positions on the i>lateau north of 
Beuvardes Avhere they could reach the crossing on the Vesle. 
These battalions kei)t up a constant fire on the retreating 
enemy. Nightly, large fires lit uj) the horizon as the enemy 
burned store houses and ammunition before the final witli- 
draAA'al across the river. No other movements were made by 
the brigade during this time except that P. C. Scott moved to 
Beuvardelle. 

"Drab" and the balloon Averc k('i)t l)usy changing stations 
as they followed the advance of the enemy. Balloon No. 1 
liad also been attached and did excellent Avork. With two 
balloons and "Drab" constantly on the lookout for enemy 
movements, many fugitive targets Avere rei)orted and taken 
undei- fire. The balloons daily adjusted our guns on enemy 
convoys attem])ting a hasty exit, many of Avliich, due to our 
fire, failed to reach their destination. 

By August 3rd the enemy ha<l been cleared from the 
plateau south of the Vesle RiAcr. The extreme left of the 
Allied line had also advanced and had retaken Soissons. The 
line at this time followed the ()nrc(| Kiver b(>tween Fismes 
and Soissons. 

On August 4th The ('orjjs Artillery made a general mo\e- 
ment forward occu]>ying advanced jtositions from Avhich fire 
could be delivered on the crossings of the Aisne riA'er. P. O. 
Scott moved to Les liouleaux Farm in the vicinity of Chery 
Chartreuve. The 14Sth regiment established its V. (\ at :Mon- 
taon Farm and the 446th at :Mottin Farnu The T '140 Avent 
into position near Lhuys, the II and III/14G ueai' Loupeigne. 



42 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

The T 11/148 took position south, of Chery Chartreiive, and 
the I and 11/148 were in i)Osition east of Chery Chartrenve. 
These were the last positions occnpied by the brigade. 

In addition to niaintaininc; oontinnons fire on the cross- 
ings of the Aisne River, the towns and roads between the 
Vesle and the Aisne were daily subjected to concentrations 
of hio'li explosives and gas. Counter battery fire also increased 
in volume, as the Germans brought battery after battery into 
action. The eff'orts of our troops to cross the Vesle did not 
meet with success. The enemy held the old system of trenches 
on the north bank of the river which offered shelter from our 
fire. Our repeated efforts to take these trenches met only 
with violent counter attacks in which our troops were driven 
out. Back and forth, attacking and counter attacking, the 
battle line surged with neither side gaining ground. The 
enemy artillery fire increased in violence and our infantry was 
forced to dig in for protection. With the infantry on both 
sides locked in a death-like grip, the artillery began a terrifflc 
duel Avhich lasted for several days, each side suffering heavy 
casualties but gaining no material advantage. 

The Aisne- ^Marne Offensive officially closed on August 6th. 
However, the Brigade, which remained in action until August 
12th, when it was withdrawn from the line, experienced in 
full the deadly venom of the enemy, and underwent the full 
hardships and horrors of war. 

The German Army that had escaped the running fight 
through the Chateau Thierry salient, now like a wild animal 
brought to bay at the close of a long chase, took its stand to 
the north of the Vesle and tried by every method of warfare 
to exact its toll of retribution from the Allied Forces for its 
defeat. Like a wounded animal, turning and facing the en- 
emy, it showed that during the "kill," the Allies would have 
to battle to the finish. With the German lines holding firm, 
it gave their Artillery a chance for action and they certainly 
proved that they knew as many tricks in this game as our 
own artillery. Their aviators took daredevil chances and con- 
tinually preyed on our observation balloons and made adjust- 
ments on our batteries. Our batteries were under constant 
shell fire. 

The personnel of the Brigade were tired and worn out. 
They had worked night and day. The thrill of the chase of a 
fleeing enemy was over. The slightest movement on our part 
brought forth a hurricane of shells. Our anti-air craft guns 
were in constant action against the enemy jilanes. 

During the last five days, before being withdrawn from 
the line, tlie Brigade suffered more casualties than in all the 
hard fought battle from the Marne to the Vesle. P. C. Scott 
was under shell fire constantly. Our batteries were very close 
to us and several "Archies" or anti-air craft guns back of us 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 43 

were drawiDg a heavy fire from the enemy batteries. Three 
direct hits were made on T*. (\ Scott in as many days. A 
heavy calibre shell struck our radio truck, wouncling two of 
the radio crew. One shell blew the roof from the officers 
quarters buryinfj a lieutenant under the debris, but by a mir- 
acle he escaped injury. A hit was scored on the detachment 
kitchen, destroy iiio- all our rations. The batteries also 
suffered from heavy shell fire, many of our men being killed 
or wounde<l daily. In addition there was much sickness 
throughout the Brigade from the vile water and poorly bal- 
anced rations. 

Relief came on August 11th, when General Liggett issued 
orders instructing Colonel Scott to move the 1st Corps Ar- 
tillery to a position in readiness in the general vicinity of 
Moucheton Chateau, about 25 kilometers to the south of the 
gun positions. 

The enemy had been forced to the north bank of the 
Vesle. I*aris was now safe from any German advance in this 
sector. The Allies were organizing their jtositions south of 
the Vesle. The Chateau Thierry salient was no more. The 
Battle line had been straightened and narrowed to such an 
extent that a large number of the units could be relieved. 
However, the enemy artillery was still active and the Brigade 
prepared to go out of their positions in battle line, under shell 
fire. The 2nd Battalion of the 146tli was put on wheels dur- 
ing the night of August 11th and at 5:00 A. "ST. August 12th 
proceeded to a rendezvous position in the Bois de Chatelet, 
travelling by the route Mareuil-en-Dole — Fere-en Tardenois — 
Coincy. 

As if in a parting fling at the enemy across the Vesle, 
the Brigade laid down a fire of 2'243 rounds on August 12th 
and began pulling out of their positions. Great care had 
to be taken. Camouflage was kept in place over each gun 
until it was ready to move out. When hostile avions api)eared 
it was necessary for the personnel to keep under cover. Fresh 
branches were fastened to the tractors before they started 
for the gun positions. The ammunition was removed after 
all the guns were out. The 3rd Battalion of the 146th was 
the next battalion to move, the other battalions followed in 
quick succession. C battery of the 148th was caught under 
fire and six killed and 14 wounded. August 13th, P. C. Scott 
was established at Chateau Moucheton, one kilometer north- 
east of Bezu St. Gennain. 

The units of the Brigade were assembled on wheels in 
that vicinity. Now, for the first time since going into action 
at the beginning of the Champagne-Marne Defensive, were the 
men given a chance to rest. The guns carefully hidden in 
the woods were thoroughly overhauled. Their constant 



44 History of GOtii Fikld Artillery Brigade 

thundering had told. Many needed repairs which had to be 
made before the Brigade began any new activity. 

Instrnctions were received, Angnst 16th from 1st Corps 
Artillery Headquarters, ordering the Brigade to commence 
on Angnst 20th a movement to a new Divisional Area. In 
preparation for this movement. Brigade Headquarters moved 
to La-Ferte-sous-Jouarre while tlie Kegiments moved to a new 
bivouac in the general neighborhood of Bezu-le-Guery and 
Yillers-sur-Marne, In the four days that followed, all equip 
ment was overhauled, cleaned, and the men given a chance to 
rest and sup]»lied with new personal equipment. 

The Brigade renmined as Corps Artillery of the 1st Corps 
until August 21st. when orders were received making the 
Brigade, Army Artillery of the First American Army, thus 
maintaining the record the Brigade had established of being 
the First American brigade of heavy artillery in the fighting 
fronts of Europe, the first Brigade of Corps Artillery and 
the First Brigade of Army Artillery of the First American 
Armv formed. 



CHAPTER VI 



ST. MIHIEL OFFENSIVE 

Tlie OGtli IJi-i.nadc as Aiiiiy Artilk'i y of I he First Ameri- 
can Aiin.v was oi-deiod to the St. Miiiiel area. The JJrigade 
was lo ]»roceed at once to Ik)iilevant le Chateau and thei-e 
await fiirthei' orders before proceeding to the vicinit}' of St. 
Mihiel. The movement was to be made with the utmost sec- 
recy, in consequence of which the brigade, instead of taking 
the shortest route across, through Chalons and parallel to 
the front line, made a long detour going s(Uithcast, east and 
thence northeast. This necessitated a road march of 270 kilo- 
meters involving five days travel. During the latter part of 
the journey when the Brigade headed for the front, marches 
were made at night and during the day, the guns, trucks, 
and personnel were kei)t under cover of adjacent woods. This 
precaution even 50 miles from the front was necessary as 
enemy planes made deep reconnaissance tlights into Fremch 
territory. The movements of columns from rear to front were 
plainly visible to the airplane observer, who at a great height 
could watch the ant-like convoys crawling along the roads 
for miles around. Therefore in the march to the St, Mihiel 
salient, the Brigade pursued a course not unlike that of ships 
at sea in running the gauntlet through the submarine zone. 

The rate of march of the convoy was 12 kilometers per 
hour for the light columns and six kilometers per hour for the 
heavy columns. The heavy columns started first and were 
passed by the light columns at certain designated [)uints. The 
entire Brigade when stretched out on the road covered a dis- 
tance of 19 kilometers. 

Billeting otficers were kept in advance of the convoy, 
whose duties were to provide billets, arrange for the i)arking 
of the guns and trucks (*ver night, investigate sanitary condi- 
tions, locate good driidcing water and i^connoiter roads in 
advance of the column in addition to making (he necessary 
arrangements with the French Motor Transport Service for 
the movement of the convoy over certain roads on the follow- 
ing day. Road traffic in France during the war was con- 
trolled by the military authorities, and owing to the heavy 
travel over the roads, moving in all directions, a system much 
the same as that employed in the operation of railways was 
necessary, in order to prevent blocks at cross-roads and con- 
trary movements over one-way roads. The right of way over 
a certain route was granted for a limited number of hours 
and during that time the designated unit had the exclusive 



46 History op G6th Field Artillery Brigade 

use of the highway. This practical method of handling traffic 
expedited all movements, localized traffic, and prevented col- 
umns from being split during the march. By carefully ob- 
serving traffic rules and police of the column, the Brigade 
made a record in its cross country trip. No trucks were lost 
or left behind ''stuck on the road" and the material suffered 
little from the long journey. 

The Brigade remained together for the first two days of 
the march. The first stop being at Montmirail on the night of 
August 20th and the next stop at Mei\y-sur-Seine on the 21st. 
Brigade Headquarters with its light convoy of five trucks 
travelled much faster than the Regimental convoys and the 
next stopping place, Doulevant le Chateau, in one day, arriv- 
ing thereat on August 22nd. The last of the regimental col- 
umjus arrived in the near vicinity on the following night. 
The towns passed through were small and usually occupied 
by French troops, so in many cases only the higher ranking 
officers enjoyed the luxury of a downy French bed. The regi- 
mental convoys generally bivouaced, gypsy fashion, along the 
side of the road on the outskirts of the town. Many of the 
soldiers, tiring of travel rations, sought dining places in the 
villages but owing to the scarcity of food not many restaur- 
ants were open for business and the old reliable "canned 
willie'' lost very few customers. 

At Doulevant le Chateau the Brigade waited for orders, 
in the meantime enjoying what comforts the country afforded. 
Brigade Headquarters was extremely fortunate in securing 
for a Post of Command, a fairly modern chateau, which al- 
though completely furnished, had not been occupied for 15 
years. The chateau was officially opened up by Brigade 
Headquarters and for three days Doulevant le Chateau be- 
came ''P. C. Scott." 

On August 25th the orders were received for the Brigade 
to proceed to Ancemont, a very small appearing place on the 
map, located on the Mteuse River about 10 kilometers south of 
Verdun. The march was to be made under cover of darkness 
and the gnus, trucks and personnel were to be kei)t under 
cover during the day. 

When the Brigade was first ordered over laud there was 
much speculation as to its next assignment. Being ordered 
to the St. Mihiel sector did not specifically mean that another 
Allied attack had been planned. The movement appeared to 
be only a part of the general plan of the Auierican Army to 
concentrate its forces in its own area. The First American 
Army had been formed on August 10th under the personal 
command of General I'ershing. Although the American units 
had held different Corps and Divisional sectors all along the 
front, there had been no distinctive American sector. With 
the formation of the First American Army, it was planned to 



History of 66x11 Field ArtTiLLRRY Brigade 47 

tako over a i>ermaiiont portion of tlio lino in the area orif;;i- 
nally dosigiiated as the normal American zone. That j)ortion 
of the line to be i mined lately oecni)ied extended from Tort 
snr Seille — east of the MIoselle River, westerly around the St. 
Mihiel salient to a jtoint near Verdun. This sector was later 
to be exlend(Ml across the Meuse Kiver to the western edjje 
of the Ariionne foi'ost. 

Officially knowini*' nothinjj; of the big |)lans under way and 
especially \vhal particular mission would be assi«?ned the 
Brigade, the march from Doulevant le Ohateau was resumed. 
Nearly everyone felt that somethin«»- was joiner to happen ami 
was loathe to believe thai our sole mission in mi'.kini; the lonj^; 
trij), •guarded with such exti*eme secrecy, was to take a posi- 
tion behind the trenches for the fall and winter in a rest 
sector. The love of action beat in evei*y man's breast and 
after the battle of the Marne, where somethinjij happened 
every minute, the thoufiht of beinp, velejiated to a rest sector 
was not very thrillin<»;. 

Briiiade hcad(piai-ters with its few trucks proceeded by 
daylight and made the tri]> from Doulevant le Chateau to 
Dieue-dur-^Ieuse, just across the river from Ancemont in one 
day, a distance of about ]()() kilometers. The two i-ej^iments 
travellino; entirely by ni,i>ht did not arrive until two days later. 

Alon^i: the route many thinjis had been noticed which in- 
dicated more than merely a movement to a rest sector. Old 
ammunition dumps ^^•er(' licinii, ciilai-ticd and new ones 
were under construction carefully conceal<Ml beneath wire 
camoutlai»e nets. In Souilly there were manv American 
nurses awaitinj? the com])letion of a hospital at that j)lace. 
In the ravine behind Ancemont, a larjije field hospital 
was bein<? hastily constructed. The nurses were already on 
the spot occnpyin*>' small tents scattered around under the 
trees. It was leai-ned that ])re]iarations w(M'e beinj;- made to 
care for sixty thousand wounded. This information dispelled 
all doubt as to the future task of the Brigade. A big battle 
on a large scale was imminent. 

Upon arrival at Dieue-sur-lNIeuse Brigade Headquarters es- 
tablished its Post of rommand at the Chateau Dieue, which 
had been spared from enemy shell fire. Formerly the llead- 
(piarters of a French rommander, every convenience was at 
hand. Deep down underneath the house there had been con- 
structed a very elaborate iron-capped dugout es|tecially ar- 
ranged for an Operations office, in case of a bond)ardment. 
In addition to the office rooms, there were sleeping quarters 
for officers and men, and the small compartment like rooms 
were wired both for 1elei)lione and electric lights. A French 
family occujded an adjoining building, living peacefully with 
their gai'den, ducks and chickens and acting as cai'etakers of 
the Chateau. The premises were well kept and to the casual 



48 History of 06tii Field Artillery Brigade 

observer, war Avoiild have been the last thought. Both regi- 
ments established tenipoi-aiy posts of command in Ancemont, 
keei>ing the guns, equipment and personnel sheltered in ad- 
jacent woods. 

The entire sector from Verdun to ^^t. Mihiel was exceed- 
ingly quiet. Many French civilians had returned to their 
homes in the numerous little villages along the Meuse River. 
Although faced by the constant menace of an enemy artillery 
bombardment, much work had been done in rebuilding the 
shattered houses and restoring the community to normal con- 
ditions. Electric light ]»lants were again put into operation, 
communication re-established Avith occupied France and rail- 
road trains, both passenger and freight daily plied back and 
forth between the marooned towns. It was a new aspect of 
war which was hardly conceivable to the members of the 
Brigade after going through the seething cauldron of blood- 
red war between the Marne and the Yesle. 

•Not since the spring and summer of 1916, when the Ger- 
mans again vainly endeavored to capture the Fortress of Ver- 
dun, had there been abnormal activity. During this time the 
sector had been uninhabitable, the enemy maintaining a ter- 
rific bombardment on all the villages within range of the 
German guns, and bombing the larger towns at night from 
airplanes as far back as Bar-le-Duc and St. Dizier. TTnable 
to take Verdun after sacrificing thousands upon thousands 
of lives the enemy intrenched his forces around the city con- 
tent to hold the ground already captured. On the other hand 
the French in defending Verdun had suffered heavy losses, 
and still greater casualties in endeavoring to drive the enemy 
from St. ^lihiel and the St. Mihiel ridge which the Germans 
had taken early in the war in their effort to encircle Verdun. 
In retaking one hill alone from the Germans the French had 
lost thirty thousand lives. It was a carnage of war that had 
no equal. Lives were sacrificed in assaults and attacks like 
snowflakes melting in the sun. The efforts of each side to 
further advance their positions had i)roved futile, adding only 
additional graves to the countless thousands of crosses which 
dotted the hillsides. Locked in this death-like grip the temp- 
est of war had subsided, each side ready but ai>]»arently un- 
willing to break the calm which had ]>revailed, following the 
long and hitler Battle of Verdun. 

Verdun is a word sacred to the French. It twice with- 
stood the vicious onslaught of the murderous German war 
machine, saving eastern France from the holocaust of Destruc- 
tion, pillage and ra])e suffered in northwestern France and 
Belgium. Thousands had died to make the name immortal. 
The floAver and chivalry of France had been sacrificed at the 
altar of Verdun in consecration of that silent Avatchword of 



History of (Ki'ni Fiki.d AitTiLLKin' Ukkjauk 40 

lier dead, llie nation's prav<M- and tlio JJaltlc ('i_v <»f lipr Ai'ni- 
ies : "'lis ue passeront pas" — They Shall Not Pass. 

Dnrin<>- the two vear-s of inactivity both sides liad taken 
the opporlnnity to further stren<;(hen their ])o.sitions. Ger- 
man engineers nsinj^- all the science and exjterience gained in 
fonr years of trench warfare had created an elaborate system 
of trenches and barb wire entangU'ments. The hills north of 
St. Miliiel were honeycondx'd \\itli deep concrete dngonts. 
Huge tunnels sapi)ed tlie liills in ail directions. Battery posi- 
tions were carefully camoutlaged and many were casemated 
Looking out of any of the spU^ndid observation ])Osts on the 
French side of the sector the face of the hills api)eared calm. 
There were no signs of enemy activity. However, could the 
terrain have been sliced with a giant knife iind the to]) laid 
back, it would have resend)led in its com}»osite ])icture the 
ancient Komau catacfunbs. The (Jermans Avitli their usual 
love of comfort and safety protected by a seemingly impreg- 
nable system of fortifications sought to enjoy life by modern- 
izing their subterranean shelters. Electricity furnished the 
liglits. lOach concrete buttressed dugout was connected with 
a tele])hone, and ]»racti<'ally every comfort of home life was 
enjoved even in the listening posts far out into No Man's 
land'. 

Tlie Fi-encli on their side had not been idle. A system of 
trenches had \ne\\ constructed equally as impregnable as 
those of the enemy, not only along the front line but also 
along each line of resistance extending many miles to the rear. 
Trenches and barb wire entanglements ran athwart the hills 
and meadows through ])eaceful rur;tl cominunities, far back 
from the front. A chain of forts had been established from 
St. Mihiel to Verdun running along the crest of the ridge. 
The old forts encircling Verdun, which had successfully with- 
stood two enemy onslaughts had been strengthened. 

North of St. ^lihiel a huge tunnel had been dug extend- 
ing from Troyon to Fort de Troyon which enabled the Fi-ench 
to safely bring up sup])lies and annnunition screened from 
enemy o])scrvation and shell fire. Other strong jtoints and 
observation posts and slep])ing quarters were dee]^ under the 
earth, the tojis being reinforced by rocks, logs or railroad 
rails. Battery jiositions were cleverly camoutlaged hardly 
visible to the naked eye even at a short distance so well did 
the camoutlage net blend into the color and fornnition of the 
adjacent ground. Each gun crew had its separate abris and 
there were many small abris for the protection of ])owder, 
shells and fuses. Each biittery ])osition had its dee]) dugout 
sutriciently large to shelter the entire ])ersonnel of the bat- 
tery in case of a violent bombardment. iMany batteries had 
not fired a shot for over six months, remaining alert, not wish- 
ing to betray their jiositions excejit in case of an emergency. 



50 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

In the entire sector not over 100 shots a day were fired 
by either side, and these were fired mostly for adjustment on 
some point of no importance or as harassing fire on a cross 
road, occnring each day at the same time. Here and there 
along a road appeared signs in French which translated read, 
"Warning! This point shelled bet\veen 3 and 4 o'clock." And 
promi)t]y at scheduled time Fritz would send over his com- 
pliments consisting of a certain number of rounds at regular 
intervals, which seldom varied, and the place would be safe 
until the same time the following day. Any unusual activity 
might call forth an extra shelling not contemplated on the 
day's schedule of firing practice. And likewise the French 
batteries, as if paying back a neighbor's gift would send over 
about the same amount of high explosive on similar places in 
the enemy zone, and both sides would call the honors of the 
day even. 

It was not uncom]mon to see during the day, German 
working parties along their trenches, or others calmly doing 
laundry work within range of rifle fire of the French trenches 
and the French soldiers likewise engaged in some task fully 
exposed to the enemy. They had observed each other's daily 
actions for so long that they could foi-ecast the events likely 
to follow. Outside of these daily firing practices on each side, 
the scene might have been one in any peaceful rural commun- 
ity. The French peasant tilled his soil, kept his goats and 
chickens, harvested his crops, ap])arently satisfied as long as 
the war left his part of the world alone. 

However, the French soldiers kneAV only too well the 
character of the beasts that seemingly hibernated in their 
holes on the adjacent hills, and their observation posts were 
constantly occupied by trained and vigilant sentinels. They 
were able to furnish the Americans with the exact data of all 
enemy activity that had occurred during ])ast months. They had 
a careful record of the caliber, exact time of firing and ar- 
rival of all shells that the enemy had sent over and the exact 
location of every enemy battery which had fired. 

Shortly after the Brigade arrived at Dieue, a letter of in- 
structions arrived from Army Artillery Headquarters dated 
August 25th, briefly outlining the mission of the Brigade in 
the coming attack by the First American Army. Final plans 
had not been completed and no infonnation was given as to 
the nature of the attack or the probable date. The 66th 
Brigade, together with certain French Artillery units of heavy 
caliber were designated as Army Artillery. Colonel Scott was 
placed in command of the entire grouj)ing. The zone of action 
and mission of the Army Artillery were defined as follows: 

NORMAL ZONE: North Limit: Line through Ronvaux 
and Braquis. South Limit : Line through Seuzey and Vig- 
neulles. 



History of 66th Field Autillery Brigade 51 

EVENTUAL ZONE: North Limit: Line tliroiigh Watron- 
ville and Warcq. South Limit, Line through Fort-de-Troyon 
and Bruxieres. 

MISSION OF ARMY ARTILLERY: Bombardment of 
occupied and fortified areas. Interrupting; lines of communi- 
cation. Neutralization of distant hostile batteries. 

LIAISON: Liaison to be established with the 2nd Colon- 
ial Corps, the 5th American Corps and the 13th French Corps, 
all of which were to participate jointly in the attack under 
the command of the First American Army. 

In addition to the above instructions a thorough recon- 
naissance of the terrain was ordered for possible battery lo- 
cations. The operation was to be carefullj- studied and after 
a consultation with the Commanding General of the 5th Corps, 
Colonel Scott was directed to submit his recommendations to 
Army Artillery Headquarters. 

In preparation for the approaching battle the machinery 
of the Brigade was set in motion. Regimental and Battalion 
Commanders were instructed to make detailed reconnaissances 
of their respective areas, the 146th Regiment having been as- 
signed the north half of the sector and the llSth the south 
half. This reconnaissance included the location of all access- 
ible sites for a battery position in the area ; the roads leading 
to the selected positions and the routes to be followed in case 
the artillery should advance; the location of battle P. C's, 
radio and panel stations, terrestial observation posts, and 
suitable locations for the battalion echelons. The orienteurs 
were ke})t busy running traverses to determine the co-ordi- 
nates of the battery positions and in establishing orienting 
lines in the near vicinity. Observations were taken both on 
the sun and north star in order that this work might be done 
accurately. The telephone men were busy recounoitering 
routes for the tele])hoiie net and in establishing connections 
to the trunk lines already in operation by the French. Brigade 
headquarters office resembled a bee hive. French and Ameri- 
can officers coming in and going out for consultation with 
Colonel Scott. The Intelligence department was snowed un- 
der with maps covering the sector and extending as far as 
Metz, which were being separated, indexed and issued to the 
units. The operations office was busy night and day studying 
maps of enemy works, objective charts, and assembling in- 
formation. The Ammunition officer was organizing the am- 
munition supply which was an immense task as vast quan- 
tities of ammunition had to be hauled to the positions in a 
very short time prior to the attack. 

Gun positions were selected by the 116th Regiment in 
the woods east of Somniedieu on the high plateau overlook- 
ing the German lines. ^lost any point along the edge of the 
plateau furnished an excellent ob.servation post. It was very 



52 History of GGth Fikld Artillery Brigade 

much like gazing over a lake from a precipice, as the plateau 
broke off abruptly' forming- a high bluff overlooking the flat 
plain of the Woevre. 

The 14Stli Eegiment found suitable positions for their 
G. P. F.'s in the region of Eupt-en-Woevre and Runziers. Ar- 
rangements were made for the use of established French ob- 
servatoirs in this region, as the country was rugged, being cut 
by numerous ravines, with the enemy occupying the western 
brow of the ridge. In going to one O. P. it was necessary to 
cross a ravine swept by an enemy machine gun. By donning 
a French helmet and a blue French overcoat, the trip to the 
Observatoire was nirade with perfect safety. The trip to the 
O. P. was a necessary daily task of the French and the Ger- 
man machine gunner knew that a few 75's well placed would 
soon remove his jjresence if this privilege was denied. The 
Gorps Artillery of the Fifth American Gor])S with whicli the 
Brigade was to co-o]jerate in the attack, consisted of French 
units under the command of General Alexandre, a great num- 
ber of which were "silent batteries," that is batteries of per- 
manent emplacement which did not fire except during an 
emergency. These batteries were without transportation and 
did not move. The daily firing in a quiet sector was carried 
on by a few guns or batteries called "roving pieces" as they 
continually moved from place to place always firing from a 
different spot. In this Avay firing schedules were carried out 
without betraying to the enemy the battery emplacements 
which were occupied or the actual amount of artillery in the 
sector. Additional batteries were to be brought up the night 
before the attack and conveniently placed for quick move- 
ment forward. In some cases the positions selected by our 
regiments conflicted with those chosen by the Corps for the 
emplacements of its artillery. A heavy concentration of ar- 
tillery had been planned and the batteries had to be wedged 
in to the best advantage of all concerned. Some of the origi- 
nal positions selected by our Brigade could not be occupied 
for this reason, and we were forced to take less favorable 
])Ositions for many of our batteries. Permission to use dug- 
outs for P. C.'s and established Observation Posts were also 
arranged through the Corps Artillery. The dugouts were 
locked up when not in use and the keys kept by the Town 
Major at Dieue. The P. C. or O. P. was assigned much the 
same as a house is rented from a real estate agent. Included 
in the Corps Artillery were many batteries of long range and 
heavy caliber, shooting as far as our G. P. F.'s and covering 
the same area. To avoid a conflict of missions and to insure 
complete co-ordination of all artillery participating in the 
attack, Colonel Scott unselfishly recommended that his com- 
mand be placed under the coutrol of the Corps Artillery Com- 
mander. The recommendation was approved by Army Artil- 



History of (JOth Field Artillery Brigade 53 

levy Headquarters and ni)oii rc|)ortin<i- for instructions, Colo- 
nel Scott was made Coiiiinander of all the heavy artillery in 
the sector, which more than tripled the number of ^uns under 
his direction. It was a bijj;- assioiiiiieut and an un(iualitied 
recognition by the crafty French Artillery (leneral of the 
Brigade's record and the personal ability of its Commander. 
The chief mission of the Heavy Artillery of the Corps was 
counter battery. The zone of action was not changed except 
that there was no short limit for counter battery fire. The 
whole responsibility for putting every (ierman battery out of 
action in the entire sector devolved uiK)n the Heavy Artillery. 
This necessitated a few changes of positions in the disjxjsi- 
tion of the batteries in order that tire of the guns might be 
concentrated in the proper localities. Many new units were 
assigned and again Brigade Headquarters was smothered 
with work. Behind the darkened windows the lights burned 
till dawn in order that no detail should be left undone in the 
plans for the massive artillery preparation. ''D" Day was 
fast api)roaching and a keen responsibility was felt as every- 
thing- depended on effectiveness of our artillery tire. 

By September 1st, all battery positions had been selected 
and those not exposed to enemy view had been occupied. 
Battle P. C.'s had been established and were in operation. 
Telephone lines had been laid and orienteur work com])leted. 
Quantities of ammunition had been brought uj) without seem- 
ing discovery by the enemy. All of this work was done at 
night. 

No traffic was allowed on the roads during the day. Even 
travel by automobile was limited and practically all recon- 
naissances were made on foot. Many of the French units 
had arrived and had prepared their positions for immediate oc- 
cupancy. 

On September 51 h, the llSth Keginient was transferred 
to the 4th Corps area on the south side of the salient east of 
St. Mihiel, to which point it proceeded by road march. The 
guns being placed in position in the region of Ansauville. One 
battalion of the 51st C. A. C. was attached to the 14St]i regi- 
ment. Lt. Colonel Sinclair retaining command of the grou{»ing. 
The SOtli regiment (French) rejjlaced the 14Slh r(\gim(Mit, oc- 
cupying jnactically the same positions which had been pre 
l)ared and partly occupied by the 148th regiment. 

The Heavy Artillery of the 5t]i Corjis as recognized was 
divided into three groupments as follows : 

Colonel E. D. Scott conniianding. Post of Comiiiaml. 
Chateau Diene-sur-Meuse. 



54 



History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 





GROUPMENT 


PATCH 








Lt. Col. 


Patch-Vicinity of 


Soi 


nnn 




dieue. 








Capt. Hamilton 


IA46 


8 Pieces 155 G. 


P. 


F. 


Capt. rettit 


11/146 


8 " G. 


P. 


F. 


Maj, Wey ranch 


III/146 


8 " G. 


P. 


F. 


Cdt. Landron 


V/RAP 


4 " 155 L 
4 " 120 L 


77 





Balloon No. 7. 



GROUPMENT TESSIER 

Lt. Col Tessier — Vicinity of Rnpt- 
en-Woevre 

Cdt. Vincent III/86 8 Pieces 155 GPF 

Cdt. Foulon C/86 12 " GPF 

V/RAP 4 " 120 L 

4 " 155 L-77 



Cdt. Mteirloy, Marine RGA 



16 cm 



GROUPMENT SALBAT 



Cdt. LeFoll 

Cdt. Lambert 

Capt. de la Villemarque 

Mlarine RGA 



Lt. Col Salbat — Vicinity of Ran- 

zieres. 

1/420 12 Pieces 155 L-77 

III/420 12 " 155 L Sch. 

2 " 16 cm 



Summarized the command consisted of a total of 87 pieces 

of Heavy Artillery segregated as follows: 

155 G. P. F. Rifle 44 guns Range 16 Kilometers (10 mi) 

155 Long model 1877 20 " " 11 " 6.8 " 

155 Long Schneider 11 " " 15 " 9 " 

16 cm. Marine 4 " " 17 " 10.5 " 

120 Long 8 " "12 " 7.2 " 



Total 



87 



In this area there had also been concentrated many large 
caliber railroad guns assigned the mission of bombarding Con- 
flans and important railroad centers far to the rear. There 
was also a group of 420 mm (17 inch) guns with the special 
mission of destroying the net.Avork of tunnels under the Crete 
les Esparges. 

The Heavy Artillery of the Corps was charged with all 
counter battery work and harassing and interdiction fire on 
lines of communication, camps and villages in the area beyond 
the divisional artillery limit. The artillery preparation was 
to be of seven hours duration, apportioned as follows: 



History of 06th Field Artillery Brigade 55 

1. From Zero hour to Zero hour plus one hour, concen- 
trated fire on enemy batteries. 

2. From Zero hour plus one hour to II liour, harassing 
fire on enemy batteries inchuhMl in concentration plan. In- 
terdiction tire on lines of communications, vilhiges, camps, 
cantonments, observation posts, etc. 

3. Beginning at H hour neutralization of enemy batteries. 

Liais(m had been established with the adjoining Corps 
by connecting to the Corps net at Ancemont on the opposite 
bank of the river from Dieue. Direct lines were run connect- 
ing P. C Scott with the various regiments or groupings, and 
each grouping had telei)honic liaison with the adjacent unit 
to the right and left. Also each grouping had a direct line to 
the Sound and Flash ranging station nearest its location and 
to the balloon designated to work with it. In addition the 
alert battalions were directly connected with both the Flash 
and Sound Ranging Stations and the balloon. 

In addition to the terrestrial observation posts maintained 
by each grouping, arrangements were made for the services of 
S. R. O. T., station number 58 and 07, operated by experienced 
French Observers, who had been long in the sector and knew 
the terrain thoroughly. lialloon No. 7 and 0;> and Aero])lane 
Squadron No. 09 were assigned to the command to work ex- 
clusively with our batteries. 

Notice of "D" dav and "H'' hour were received on Septem- 
ber 10th. ''D" Day was set for Sei)tember 12, 1918 and ''H" 
hour at 8:00 A. M. 'and checked' each 12 hours. Watches 
were synchronized 48 hours in advance. Zero hour or the 
hour of beginning the artillery ])rei)aration was 1 :00 A. M., 
at which time the artillery from Verdun to the ^Moselle River 
was to open up simultaneously as one gun. The infantry at- 
tack to the east of St. Mihiel was to begin at 5:00 A. M. 
instead of 8:00 A. M. as specified for our Corps area. This 
was done in order that a longer artillery preparation might 
be carried out against the stronger fortifications on our side 
of the sector. It was not exi)ected that our inf-mtry would 
make very much headway across the broad stretches of tangled 
masses of barbed wire and the network of trenches behind. 
The ravines were narrow and the hills straight up. The 
sharp slopes were bristling with machine guns and tunnels 
ran through the hills, enabling the enemy to easily bring up re- 
inforcements. An advance on our side of the sector seemed an 
utter impossibility. Ilowerer, the reduction of the St. ^liliiel 
salient had long been jilanned by the American Army as its 
first o])eration. The situation had been carefully studied and 
American ingenuity had worked out the way to do it. The 
plans had been a})proved by ^Marshal Foch. The Americans 
had not yet met with defeat, and if anyone could do the job 
it was the daredevil Yanks. For the big attack our forces 



56 History op 6(3th Field Artillery Brigade 

had been "roiiped around the salient with our most experi- 
enced divisions at the critical points. From east to west the 
American forces were disposed as follows : The 1st Corps with 
the 82ud, 00th, 5th and 2nd Divisions in line held the area 
from the Moselle River to a point near Limey, and south of 
Thiaucourt, one of the main objectives. The 4th Corps, 
supported by the 148th F. A., with the 89th, 42nd and 1st 
divisions in line was on the left of the 1st Corps, and 
held the line as far west as Mont Sec, the g"eat Ger- 
man stronghold. The 2nd French Colonial Corps occupied 
the line from this point around the nose of the salient 
at St. Mihiel to a point midway to Verdun. The 5th Corps 
American occu])ied the balance of the sector to Verdun, with 
the 2Cth, and 4th ASnerican and the 15th French Colonial Di- 
visions in line. With the exception of the 15th French Divi- 
sion, consisting- of savage scar-faced Algerian negroes, the 
French Divisions were not to attack but only to follow up and 
occupy the ground vacated by the enemj'^ in case of a with- 
drawal, on their immediate front. The main drive was to be 
made by the 4tli Corps on the south and the 5th Corps on the 
west. Tlie 4th Corps was to drive a wedge due north and the 5th 
Corps to attack due east. This i)ressure exerted on both sides 
of the salient would force the (Termans out of the pocket at 
St. Mihiel or result in their capture. The natural topography 
of the country precluded a big advance on the west side of 
the salient in the 5th Corps sector as it was there that the 
enemy was so strongly fortified in the fringe of hills which 
extended from Verdun to St. Mihiel along the eastern bank 
of the JMeuse River. The hills were a]>i)roximately ten kilo- 
meters wide and the lo^er extremity or toe of the range was 
cut by narrow and deep ravines, forming an endless chain of 
precipitious cliffs, which bristled with giins like the side of a 
battle shij). The front line ran diagonally lengthwise across 
this ridge, neither side having the advantage of position. The 
progress made by the infantry of the 5th Corps Avould entirely 
depend upon the artillery destroying all ])ossible means of re- 
sistance by the enemy. A fcAV well placed machine guns in 
the crags of the hills could have annihilated an entire regiment 
in the ravine below. No Man's land was a tangled mass of 
barb wire very much resembling a thick briar patch. How 
any human being could work his way through this wire fet- 
tered strip of land was beyond com])rehension. 

There was certainly work a plenty for the artillery and 
there was plenty of artillery on hand eagerly waiting for the 
task. For this oi)eration there had been massed together 
the heaviest concentration of big guns on the western front 
and completely unknown to the enemy. 

As the hour of 1:00 A. M. on the morning of September 
12th approached, hundreds of carefully synchronized watches 



History ok (!(i'rii Field Artillery Brkjaue 57 

were tni-iiiii<>' in unison, each Heetiu*' second on tlic illuiiii 
nated dials bein<>- watdicd intently by the j>unners as they 
stood with raised aims by the big guns. 

Fire! The St. ilihiel sector shook and (juiveied as if the 
very vitals of Mother Ivirtli were writhing in titanic con- 
vulsions. At the same moment the inky blackness of the night 
was slashed and ])aint('d in tiery colors by one massive, tre- 
mendous flash followed In a rapid succession of smaUei-, in- 
termittent lightning-like Hashes from one end of the battle 
front to the other. The full volume of the sound was deadened 
to our ears but the strong wind blowing toward the boche 
must have carried into their dugouts, a message that liie day 
of Judgment had come. Not a spot in the enemy ]in<'s es- 
caped the steady hail of our shells. Their deej) shell proof 
dugouts served them in good stead. I'ack and forth with 
high exjdosives our guns continued their destruction. If our 
maps sli(nve<l a (German Head(]uarters at a certain i»lace, a 
ton or two of explosive was dumped on it and the Kaiser was 
minus a functioning point. The schedule of firing was car- 
ried out by the OGth Brigade and Allied units without inter- 
rui)tion, the enemy artillery reaction naturally being very 
light. Beginning with a terrific concentration on hostile bat- 
teries, with not less than sixteen of our guns pitted against 
one enemy enii>lacement, each known German battery i)osition, 
during the first hour of the preparation was taken under fire 
in rapid rotation. After each hostile battery had been bathed 
in fire, our big guns played back and forth in scheduled con- 
centrations on lines of commnnieation, camps, cantonments 
and occu]>ied areas throughout the sector, returning twice an 
hour to deliver a battei-y salvo on the battery ]»ositions fired 
u]K)n during the first hour of the ]»reparation. In this manner 
the hostile batteries were kept under constant fire, being sub- 
jected to at least eight battery salvoes each hour, delivered at 
irregular intervals and from different directions. In the 
concentration plan not less than four batteries were used for 
a concentration and were selected irrespective of the grou])ings 
to which they belonged, tiring according to a set schedule 
with carefully synchronized watches. These c(mcentr;\tions 
proved very efi'ectve as the shells came from all directions, the 
dispersion of the guns thoroughly covering the locality being 
shelled. The infantry went over the top at 8 M A. M., three 
hours after the infantry of the other Corps on the south 
side of the salient attacked. In protection of the in- 
fantry our Grouping again took all the hostile battery loca- 
tions under fire for .''(I minutes after Avhich all tire ceased, 
to observe the results. Only twelve German batteries were 
able to fire against our advancing infantry after the shelling 
they had received during the preparation. These were (juickly 
silenced with the exception of one battery located near Saulx- 



58 



lliSToitY ()|.' (iCcrii l^'iioi,!) Ai;i'iM,i;i{v HuK.'Ahio 



<'ii \\'(H>\ re, (•(» (irdiiinlcs SL'KI, wliicli ('(Hilimu'd (<i lire until 
11:00 A. M. ill spile of llic Iicjinv coiicciit r;i I ions |»l;ic('(l ii|i<)n 
i(. II \\;is :it'l(M\\ ;ii(I.s iciinicd Dial our lire had complclelv 
dcsirovcd llic i;iiiis besides inlliel iii;^, lu^ax v easnallies on Iho 
persoMiM'l of tile hallerv. The lirin;:,' board ol' llie l»allei-v was 
aflerwards round in a nearbv dni^cnil, and il was inleiH'slinp; 
lo nole llial the co (trdinales as deleiniined by ihe b'rench 
Flash-i-anfiiii};' slalion were exact. 

As Ihe inl'anlry ad\aneed (»nr i^nns played larliiei' back, 
conciMil lat inj; IlK'ir deadly lire, raising' havoc on lanes of re- 
treat and keeping the (iernians in their dn^(Mits. The barbe<l 
wire entanii,lenients were so dense and intricate that even onr 
intens<' artillery lii'e had n(»t been able to cut a clean swath. 
.\ limited ninnber of tanks, with .\nierican and I^'rench creAVS 
and aided by f^ronps ol' wiic cntters ami (dIuM- forces usin<»' 
bunfiJilore toi'|»edoes went in ad\ance t(» cnt |>aths thronuh the 
siK'cessive bands. It was such a tani^led mass, howcvei-, that 
it was fonnd impossible to clear it. I'ndannted by such a 
Ihinji' as a monntain of twisted wire, llie .\meiican troops 
pro\<Ml their iniliati\»' and daiini:, by accomplisliin.u a leal 
lU'ver befcu-e attempted <*r lluMiuht of dnriui; tlu> four years 
of Ihe war. Tlx'y walked across No Man's Laud on top of the 
wire its(df. The I'^rench hearing- of tliis unbelie\able stunt 
sent a dele.ual ion of I'rench oHicers to tlu' St. .Mihiel sector 
lo really s<'e if it had been done. The wire was still lli(>re, our 
infantry was on the other side, and no paths tIirouj«,h Ihe wire 
could be found. 

The eiK'my was coin|ilelely deniiorali/.etl by Ihe force of 
our artillery boinbai'dment and tlu' (piick advance of Ihe fear- 
less Yankees. Thiaucourt was taken by the 1st ('(U-ps and oc- 
cupied by Ihe eveninji' of September ll2th. Tluv Ith Corps nuide 
an ecpial advance in th(> direction of N'i.iinenlles. Unl the nM)st 
notable advance of the day was made by the iMith Divisiiui who 
advanced thro\ii;h miles of barb wire and cai»lured three of Ihe 
most stron-ily fort i tied iid<;(>s on the western front, the key 
to Ihe St. M'ihiel defenses. The advance td" the llCdh Division 
under covei- of onr tire had been vei-y rapid, exceeding- all ex- 
pectations. They had pushed clear across Ihe hills to the i>Iain 
l)ey<Mid, a distance of over 7 kilonuders and through the very 
heart of the(i<M-man fort ilical ions. Tlu' loads leading- to llu' 
rear were crowded with (iernian prisoners, liven a boche ban<l 
was eapture<l. 

.\bont II :00 o'lhtck (Ui Ihe niiiht of Ihe iL'th, \\ (\ ScotI 
received a message to cease tire on N'i.uiienlh's, a town \'A kilo- 
meters from our front. American Iroojts were i-eported Ihore, 
but il seiMued almost inci-<'dible as this meant that Ihe (^lor- 
nian i-etreat was cut. It was aflei-wai-ds learned that tlie Com- 
mander in Chief had <»i(lt>red a i-e^iment (d" the iMIth Division 
to lake the town at midui<;ht, which was forthwith done. A 



MiH'iouY OK (id'iii I''!!;!,!) A li'ii i,m;i{ V l'iti(;Ai)K r/.i 

HliofI liiiH* iiflcf lli<t Uddi look |)OKH<;HKion of tin- lowii llicy 
woro. \mtt l».y (»}i(i-oIk of I lie Itli <'r»r|)H Irom Hk- opjiosiU- side of 
tin; HJM'lor ;iri(l IIm' SI. Miliicl H;ili<!iil w;ih no iiioic. In W-hs llwui 
21 lioiii-K llic AiiK'ficiiiiK liiid ;iccoiii|»lisli<(l ;iii ;i |»|i;i i<ii 1 1 \ lioj)*- 
l«*HH hihk, Kolviri}^ ;i pi-olilciii wliidi li:i(l hiilllcfl (he l"r-<'firli lor 
four ycjii'H. 

Diirint; Hk; (wo (hiys llinl f'ollo\vr'<l, our IntopK in Ji nnilcd 
lino Kl;irl<Ml (lri\iri;( llio uiH'iuy l);i<I< ii«T«)HK IIm* pljiins of tlif 
Woovn;. Ohncrv ;i( ion was (.»xcol lent nnd onr t^nfiK from tlicir 
poHJIionH on (he liillK oN'orlookinj; (he phiin, conlinniillv .swopi 
(In; rosir JirciiH, prcvcnlin^ liio cin'in.v fi-oni hrin^'in<; u[) i-o 
H<u-v<'K ;in(l (iillinj^ oil' his r-r*lrciil. T\\<'. (Jcrnuins N'fl in IIm; 
{)0<'k«;l nnnilx'tin^^ ;il)onl lo.OOO \vcr(t cMphircfl lojictlicr willi 
(piJinlilif'K of ;iiiiniiMiil ion, ;ill nrlillorv iind \v;ir niii l<'i'i;il of 
('Vcvy (N'S* ript ir)ii. 'I'lic cufniy wmr <-orriplr*l<'l_v i-oiiUmI ;iti(i llic 
CAty (»f .\l<'t/, loomed up ;is lln- tioxl ol)j('«l i v(^ 



CHAPTER VII 



MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE 

.hisl why Mir- Amcficiin Ar'm\ did no( pnsli its ;idv;in<'r' in 
llio SI. MihicI opcr;ilion. when llic <;<'i'm;in Acmy \\;ik in :i 
fidl, diHort;;;ini/<'d rclrc;il ;i(ross I he phiins <d' Mic \\d<'vr(' wjih 
Ji my.sl<*ry lo (he ;ivor;t^'o doii<;hlioy, who liiid visions of follow 
iri^ Old <!lory np llic sli-ccls of .Mclz. TIum'c is no donhl hnl 
Hull IIm' Atncr-icnn Ai-my, williin ii few d;iys lime (•(uild li;ivo 
;idviin(<'(| lo IIk; vcvy j^nlcs of llio <ily ils<df ;ind IhreiilcrK'd ilH 
(•!i|»liir'<*. 'I'Im* men of tlic «;(;ili I'irdd Atlillciy I'.rij^^ndc fully 
«'Xp('cl<'d lo ;issisl in ;i liondi;i idmi ii I ol ih;il <icrmiin forlrcss. 
It WMH JI hit; surprise wlien Mm- l»i'it(;id<' recei\('d orders on 
Seiifr-mher HIlIi lo proceed ns ,\rmy Ai'lillery lo :\ r'<'nde/,vouH 
p'tsilion in Hie I'.ois dr* Sivry, pi-ep;ir;ilory lo forming; hiilllo 
;irr;iy in I he line jiisl wesi of llie .MeuK<' riv<'r. lloweNci', nil 
fell lli;it som<'lliiri<i^ of l»i<; iniportnrife w;is iihoiil lo li;ip|ieri 
;ind lli;it the I'.rij^jide ;is il li:id in (he p;isl would pl;i.\ ;in im 
poi'Innt role. 

W'Ik'Ii Mnrshnl P'oc'i iiniioiiiicerl the L'Ulh d;i\ of Seplem 
bf^r HH IIm; dnie for* Ihe eomliined Amei-i<iin, I'-i-eneh nrid I'ril 
ihIi oll"ensiv<', <'xlendint; from Ihe Meiise Kiver lo Ihe .Vorlli 
Koji, \ut nlrnosl poKlftoned Ihe SI. .Mihi«d oper;ilion. Tint hiic- 



60 History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 

cess of the American Army at St. Mihiel was doubtful. It 
might mean a demoralizing defeat, destroying the morale 
necessary for a tremendous attack. The American Army had 
become a ])()tent factor in the war and every unit was needed 
to make the joint Allied attack a success. Even if victorious, 
it was a (luestion whether the American forces could be reas- 
sembled in the new^ sector in time for the offensive. However, 
reassured by General Pershing that the Yanks would be there 
on the dot, the attack at St. Mihiel was alowed to proceed. 
Therefore, it naturally followed with the St. Mihiel salient 
reduced and the operation a huge success, that further ad- 
vance there Avould have to be postponed in lieu of the bigger 
plan. Only 10 days were left and it meant quick action and 
a mighty task to get our forces together. 

In accomplishing this miracle of speed, the first success 
of the Meuse-Argonne was undoubtedly won before a shot was 
fired. In the short space of time alloted, nine American Divis- 
ions, corps and army reserves, and over 4,500 pieces of artil- 
lery w^ere moved to the American front. The staggering speed 
of American Army movements gave the Germans little or no 
opportunity to concentrate for renewed defensive action 
against the victory-flushed Americans. 

The line occupied by the American Arm}' extended from 
the Meuse River westerly through the Argonne Forest. Our 
forces were to push northward toward Sedan and Stenay. 
cross the Meuse River at these points, cut the line of railroad 
conununication through Mezieres. the life artery supplying the 
German Armies along the Western Front. 

For the big attack there was to be the biggest concentra- 
tion of artillery ever conceived b.y the human mind. The Ger- 
mans were strongly entrenched in thoroughly organized posi- 
tions along the entire front. Perhaps the strongest positions 
to be overcome faced the American Army. The sector to the 
west of Yerdun was one which had successfully withstood 
many well planned attacks by the French during the four 
years of the war. The Argonne Forest with its deep ravines, 
wooded hills and strong entrenchments, on our left flank had 
long proven an insurmountable barrier. As this ground had 
been fought over foot by foot, the trenches and barbed wire ex- 
tended for miles behind the German lines. It was indeed a 
tribute to the American Army to be i)itted against the Ger- 
mans at the strongest and most vitally important point of 
the big drive. The American order of battle from right to 
left was: The Third Corps from the Meuse to Malancourt 
with the 33rd, SOth and 4th Divisions in line; The Fifth Corps 
from Malancourt to Yauquois, with the 79th, 37th and 91st 
Divisions in line; and the First Corps from Yauquois to Yien- 
nele-Chateau with the 35th, 28th and 77th Divisions in line. 
Four large army artillery groupings had been formed by Gen- 



History of OOtii Field Artillery Brkjade 01 

eral ^Mcdh'.cliliiL tlic ('(iiiiiiiniKlcr of Anuv Artillcrv whicli 
were iis follo\\s: The >f('use < Jr(»n]»iii<>; in snpi»oi-t of the 3rd 
Corjts; The Aire (Jrouitiiii; in sn]»i)(»rt of tlie ~Ah ('ori)s; The 
Aisne CJronping in support of the First Corps; and the Ver- 
dun Groui»in<>- in sui)i)ort of the 17th French Corps which oc- 
cupied the sector on tlie east bank of the Meuse River. 

Colonel Scott was made Commander of the ^Nfeuse Orou]t- 
infj, which was to he composed of the (Uith F. A. liriuade, the 
fjTth rejj;iment C. A. C. and numerous batteries of extra heavy 
French Artillery. The Army Artillery Groupings were nor- 
mally to cover to front of a single corps, but the artillery 
was to be so dis])osed as to be able to assist both the Corps 
on the right or left if the occasion arose. The emplacement 
of artillery was so dense that definite positions were assigned 
each battery and no variation was allowed from the position 
alloted. Again the thorough methods employed by the French 
in the organization of a sector served the Americans in good 
stead, practically every spot suitable for a battery position 
had been prepared and was ready for immediate occupancy. 
The positions Avere numbered, indexed, carefully ])latted on 
ma])s and it was but a simple matter for an artillery com- 
mander to make a disposition of the units under his com- 
mand. 

The 66th Field Artillery Brigade as Army Artillery arrived 
on schedule, September 17th, at the rendezvous positions in the 
Bois de Sivry. Brigade Headciuarters left Chateau Dieue on 
September 17th and moved into an old French Post of Com- 
mand Avhich consisted of an elaborate system of cleverly con- 
structed dugouts, located on the counter slope of a long, bare, 
desolate hill in the vicinity of Sivn' la Perche. The French 
Engineers, after months of hard labor, much in the same man- 
ner as miners bore side drifts and connect them Avith lateral 
shafts had dug in at ditt'erent points on the protected side of 
the ridge, until sulTicient depth had been reached for a long 
line of commodious, underground rooms. These rooms Avere 
divided into groups, like apartments, each room of Avhich 
opened into another. At regular intervals, leading from a 
main big room, ran entrenched and rock capped vestibules, 
connected with a path or street, paved with a Avooden duck 
board, which extended ihe entire length of the hill. Almost 
absolute j»rotectioii against enemy shell fire Avas atTordcd, but 
as an added precaution in case of bombs from aerial raids, or 
a concentrated shelling, they had constructed at different in- 
tervals a deeper series of dugouts. All of the rooms Avere pro- 
vided Avith rough furnituve and sleeping accommodations. This 
war created ITeadipiarters Avas under the control of the Toaa'u 
Major at Sivry la Perche. Avho immediately ]>aid Brigade 
Head(piarters a visit and checked up all the furniture and 
beds. With characteristic French hospitality, he sujjplied 



62 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

the personnel with anything that might be needed such as an 
extra stove, table or chair. 

In this area the devastating inflnence of war was grimly 
manifest by the appearance of the landscape of the country. A 
system of trenches equally as complex as those of the St. 
Mihiel portion of the sector, cnt the terrain in all directions. 
The entire face of the country seemed as if a malign influence 
had killed all life and stamped it with desolation. There was 
not a blade of grass. A small stunted shrub of a tree ap- 
peared here and there but its appearance of a]>proaching 
death only intensified the barrenness of the hills wliich were 
fully exposed to enemy observation. The French in using 
camouflage to shield the roads from enemy observation had 
used brown, seared colored camouflage nets, which they 
stretched along the sides of the roads or hung vertically above 
the road at intervals of 20 or .30 feet, like drop curtains in 
a theatre. An enemy balloon observer looking at the road 
from an angle, would be unable to observe any portion of the 
road, as these overlapping nets would appear unbroken and 
continuous. 

Upon arriving in the new sector reconnoissances were im- 
mediately made for the emplacement of the artillery. Many 
of the positions were camouflaged and necessitated but a small 
amount of preliminary work, for the emplacing of the guns. 
Other positions had to be prepared and carefully camouflaged 
before the guns were brought forAvard. In this work the 
Brigade was assisted by a crew of camouflage specialists, at- 
tached to our units and who knew the fine points in the game 
of concealment, so essential in artillery warfare. As quickly 
as a place was prepared, our G. P. F.'s were brought up, and 
during the night put in position. All of our movements were 
carefully guarded lest the enemy gain a knowledge of our ac- 
tivity. The French units assigned to the grouping re])orted 
soon after our own regiments had arrived and the entire 
Meuse grouping of Army Artillery was in position and ready 
to fire by September 22nd, which was four days ahead of the 
scheduled time for the attack. In less than six days the 
Brigade had moved from the St. Mihiel salient and was in 
battle line and ready to function. 

The Meuse Grouping was divided into four sub-groupings, 
organized as follows : 

Colonel E. D. Scott, Commanding. P. C. Near Sivry la 
Perche. 



PATCH GROUPING 



1/146 


8 Pieces 


1.5.5 GPF 


11/146 


8 " 


5> 


III/146 


8 " 


J> 



Marre 



7 Pieces 


145 


mm 


Rois Bourrns 


5 " 


y 


' 


>> 


O " 


16 


cm 


)} 


9 " 


240 


St Ch 


» 


S " 


220 


TR 


Chattan court 



History of (IGtii Field Artillery Brigade 63 

SINCLAIR GROiriNG 

1/148 8 Pieces 155 GPF Montzeville 

11/148 8 " 

III/148 8 " " Le Claire 

AUSTIN GROUPING 

1/57 8 Pieces 155 GPF Esnes 

n/57 8 " " " 

1 1 1/57 8 " " Montzeville 

SEPULCHRE GROUPING 

RAL 11/86 

RAL VI/87 

17 Bis C. M. 

VI 1/71 

1/282 

This organization gave the Brigade a strength of 104 
heavy caliber guns, all having a range of 16 kilometers with 
the exception of the 220 TR which had a range of only 10 
kilometers. 

The territory to be covered by the fire of the IVIonse group- 
ing lay beyond the area covered by the Corps Ai'tillery. Tlie 
grou]»ings and sub-groui)ings were in readiness to com])ly with 
requests for assistance from Corps and Divisions on the right 
and left. The normal zone of action was bounded on the east 
by the Meuse River and on the west by a line through Mont- 
faucon, Nantillois and Cunel. 

The eventual zone of action included the major portion of 
the adjacent Cori)s Areas. All the Army groupings, for 15 
minutes after the o])ening of the artillery preparation were to 
maintain an intense bombardment of camps, cantonments, 
command posts and all sensitive points, using considerable 
gas shells. The Meuse groujiing was charged with counter- 
battery fire within its normal zone and in the cor])s zone 
upon request. Our guns were to bombard Se])tsarges, Bois 
de Septsarges and Bois Jure, and maintain harassing and 
prohibitive lire on enemy lines of communication in area 
within lines around Brieulles sur Meuse, Nantillois, Sept- 
sarges, Dannevoix and all points included. A cross fire was 
to be made on the east bank of the Meuse River on fugitive 
targets and other ])laces called for. At the same time all ar- 
rangements had to be made to move our batteries forward to 
positions toward (^uisy to sui)itort further advances of our 
infantry. 

P. C. Scott was to maintain liaison with the Fortress of 
Verdun, the Verdun grouping, the 17th Corps (French) and 
the 3rd and 5th Corps, U. S. A line from P. C. Scott was 



64 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

established direct to Army Artilleiy Headquarters throngh 
which connection botli army artillery groupings to the right 
or left could be reached. A direct line was also maintained 
to the Corps Artillery Headquarters through which the 
brigade could reach the corps to the right and left, and also 
the headquarters of the diyisions of our own corps. 

''D" Day was September 26th. "H" Hour Avas 5:30 A. M. 
Our artillery preparation was to be of six hours duration be- 
ginning at 11 :3U P. M., Septend)er 25th. The 4th French 
Army to the left of the First American Army was ordered to 
employ only 25 per cent of its artillery for the first three hours 
of the preparation, which was to consist of harassing and pro- 
hibitiye fire. This 25 per cent plan did not produce the de- 
sired results, as the (Terman batteries opened a withering fire 
in counter ])repa ration and both the Corps Artillery and the 
Meuse gr()U])ing had a busy hour of counter battery work. 
The enemy fire inflicted a number of casualties on our troops, 
which were being massed for the morning attack. 

The Meuse grouping carried out its mission without fur- 
ther interruption and with yery few losses to the personnel. 
The infantry went oyer the top promptly at 5 :30 A. M., Sep- 
tember 26th, under a heayy concentration and barrage laid 
down by our artillery. Their adyance was yery rapid and met 
with but little opposition from the enemy, who had retreated 
to the second line of resistance. The objectiyes were reached 
early in the day. It appeared as if the enemy was completely 
routed, and the infantry was ordered to adyance as far as pos- 
sible. During the night all artillery fire was discontinued be- 
cause it was not known how far the infantry had gone. In 
the rapid adyance the infantry became scattered and it was 
two days before the front line could be accurately determined. 
In their hasty rush forward, INfontfaucon was outflanked but 
not taken, and remained in the hands of the enemy until the 
next day. This retarded the adyance of our center. It was 
only after Montfaucon was subjected to a heayy bombard- 
ment by the ]Meuse grouping that our infantry was able to 
take this stronghold. 

The forward moyement of the artillery was begun at once 
but the roads across no man's land were so shattered and 
torn by shell fire that for four days all traffic was blocked, 
only a small ])ortion of the slow moying carayan succeeding 
in getting across each day, A small army of engineers worked 
night and day endeayoring to build a road out of sand bags 
in order that food, ammunition and ambulances might reach 
the men in the front line. During the two days following the 
attack, our scattered infantry were trying to push ahead 
without the support of the artillery. This failed, as the Ger- 
mans had reorganized their forces and met each attack Ayitli a 
vigorous counter attack, holding the line at all points. The 



^ 
^ 



r 



E 












o — 



00 - 



t- - 



L-? C ±:i 



v-v^ 






/I 





History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 65 

enemy artillery on the ri<>;ht bank of the river maintained a 
heavy enfilade and back fire upon our troops. We received 
many calls that our own artillery fire was fallinji; short and it 
was hard to convince the infantry commanders that this fire 
was coming from boche guns on the east bank of the river 
and firing" directly into their rear. Lacking tele])hone com- 
munication the infantry sent runners back, Avho breathlessly 
came along the road shouting "Artillery fire falling short," 
"Artillery falling short." This terrific cross fire lasted until 
October Oth when the :i8rd and 29th divisions were sent to 
assist the 17th corps (French), which held the sector on the 
east bank of the river, in driving the Germans back a suffi- 
cient distance to protect our flank. 

On September 30th the French artillery units attached 
to the i\Ieuse grouping were relieved from our command. This 
left only the 14Gth and 148tli and 57th C. A. C. to follow up 
the advance. 

The 3rd battalion of the 148th regiment by a superhuman 
effort forged its way across no man's land, jammed into the 
column Avhich extended for six miles to the rear. These were 
the first heavy guns to get across. Until the regimental P. 
C. moved forward and communication could be established, 
this battalion worked directly under the commanding general 
of the 4th division. The 2nd battalion of the 148th started 
forward but on account of the congested road did not succeed 
in getting past Esues, where one battery went into position, the 
other battery remaining on wheels waiting for the roads to 
clear before attempting the trip. Food was more important 
than artillery and had to be taken forward first. On account 
of the congestion some of our wounded were not evacuated 
for five days. Every effort was made to avoid blocks. Trucks 
which balked were immediately thrown into the ditch and 
the column slowly moved on again. Had the Gennan artil- 
lery harassed the road it would have played havoc with our 
advancing columns. 

One battery of the 1st battalion of the 148th succeeded in 
getting to Chattancourt on September 29th. It was decided 
not to move this battalion forward further, as it covered the 
area to the ^ast of the river and was doing excellent work 
against the German batteries in that locality. For conveni- 
ence of command it was temporarily attached to the Verdun 
grouping, in whose sector it was operating. It remained 
with the Verdun grouping until October 12th, when it joined 
its regiment near Ouisy. 

In about five days the engineers had worked wonders 
with the roads and traffic could cross without serious difficulty 
though ju'ogress Avas slow. By October 5th all three regiments 
had succeeded in getting their guns across no man's land 



66 History op OGth Field Artillery Brigade 

and had established forward P. C.'s near the gun positions. 
P. C. Scott also had moved forward to Esnes and telephone 
commnuication wias soon established. The corps net had 
been extended in the meantime and our efforts to dislodge the 
Germans were continued with renewed efforts. 

The 2nd and 3rd battalions of the 146th and the 1st battal- 
ion of the 148th were on the road from Cuisy to Septsarges. 
During the occupancy of these positions they were heavily 
shelled by the Germans who had direct observation from the 
hills across the river. The 2nd battalion of the 148th was in 
position near Nantillois, the most forward position of all. 
These guns kept up a steady fire on the German concentration 
points far to the rear of the front line. 

With the artillery in full play once more the infantry by a 
series of attacks succeeded in driving the enemy from the Krem- 
hild Stellung line, the next to the last strong line of resistance 
in the sector. By October 18th our troops had taken Brieulles 
and Bantheville and the corps on the left had taken Landres 
St. George and the 1st corps on the extreme left had bored 
its way through the Argonne Forest, 

By October 10th the Second American army was formed 
and Major General Liggett was placed in command of the 1st 
Army and Major General Bullarcl in command of the 2nd Army. 

The Meuse grouping was dissolved on October 11th, the 
57th C. A. C. joining its own brigade, the 31st, which was in 
support of the 5tli corps on the left. The 66th brigade now 
alone remained to carry on the work of the army artillery in 
the third corps area. The third battalion of the 148th had 
been pushed forward to advanced positions in Brieulles woods, 
within easy range of the German machine guns. On account of 
the fire from the opposite bank of the river, this area was given 
a wide berth and very few of our infantrymen were in front of 
our guns. Trenches were dug around the position and our 
artillery prepared for a little hand-to-hand conflict in case they 
should be attacked. 

"F" battery of the 146th moved on October 12th to a new 
position near Nantillois, and the 1st battalion, relieved from 
duty with the Verdun grouping, rejoined its regiment, taking 
position in the vicinity of Guisy. Brigade headquarters had 
also moved forward and established a post of command near 
Cuisy in an old German battery position. There were no other 
changes until November 4th, when preparations were made 
for the second big attack of the Allied offensive. 

All our battery positions had suffered from heavy counter 
battery fire. Our casualties were constantly increasing, both 
from gas and high explosive. The enemy had concentrated his 
artillery on the hills on the east bank of the river, where they 
would be safe from capture, and although a steady stream of 



History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 07 

fire and gas was directed at these locations by the corps artil- 
lery and the Verdnn grouping:, they continued to fire on our 
batteries. Our mission was not counter battery, but in self- 
defense many enemy batteries reported in action were taken 
under fire by our regiments with very noticeable results. 

The ])eriod from October 18th to November 1st was one 
which might be termed a period of j)reparation. Local attacks 
were carried out by various divisions and infantry brigades, 
resulting in small gains but greatly imi)roving our position. 
The Ofith brigade assisted in these attacks and at the same time 
maintained vigorous harassing fire on roads, villages and 
bridges in its normal zone. By October 30th we had reached 
the last line of trenches in the German defense system. 

In order to shatter the enemy's last hope of checking our 
advance, another artillery preparation had been planned in sup- 
port of the attack by the Ist Army on Xovenilier 1st. Even a 
greater number of guns than used in the attack on September 
26th had been massed together for this purpose. Along the 
road from Cunel to Romagne guns of all calibres were placed 
hub to hub. Two battalions of the G6th brigade were moved 
farther forward in preparation for the attack, the 2nd battal- 
ion of the 146th taking positions in R(nnagne and Cunel on 
October 24th and the 1st battalion of the 148th taking posi- 
tion on the road two kilometers north of Nantillois on October 
27th. The batteries in Cunel and Romagne remained silent in 
order that they might not be discovered and put out of action 
before D day. During the four days preceding the attack the 
Germans bombarded Cunel and Romagne constantly, evi- 
dently knowing that a concentration of artillery was being 
made. Both C and D batteries of the 146th regiment suff'ered 
heavy casualties from gas. Seven officers and about seventy 
men were evacuated during the four days preceding D day. 
It was undoubtedly the hottest place on the front. 

Brigade headquarters and both regiments moved to Mont- 
faucon two days before the attack was to take place. Mont- 
faucon was not a quiet place itself. From the very beginning 
it had been a favorite objective of the enemy artillery and the 
bombing planes. Many P. C.'s were located there from time to 
time and being the highest point on our side of the line it also 
served as the observation post of many units. It was an excel- 
lent target and the Germans made the most of it. Enemy bomb- 
ing planes had been very active, dropping as high as one hun- 
dred bombs in rapid succession on one spot, Avhich chanced 
to be Montfaucon. Fully two-thirds of all the bombs dropped 
were aimed at that former German stronghold. The enemy 
artillery would have been doubly eff'ective had there been less 
duds. The German ammunition during the last month of the 
war was very defective. On one occasion as high as thirty- 
eight consecutive shells from one gun failed to explode on im- 



68 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

pact. Fully twenty-five }jer cent of all shells that struck were 
duds. Many of the brigade owe their lives to a "dud". 

The day for the second big attack of the Meuse Argonne 
oflfensive was set for November 1st. H hour was 5 :30 A. M. 
The artillery preparation for the army artillery began at 3 :30 
A. M., but this was preceded by a longer preparation by the 
corps and divisional artillery w^hich began at 10 :00 P. M., 
October 31st. Throughout the night the ground quivered and 
the thunder of our guns was terrific. P. C. Scott, w^hich was 
located in an old German barracks at Montfaucon, rattled 
and shook under the continuous vibration. When tlie heavy 
artillery joined in at 3 :30 A. M., the noise increased ten-fold. 
About this time the German artillery became active and the 
shells flew back and forth^ whining and screeching until the 
very air seemed cut to shreds. Our P. C.'s were shelled as 
well as our battery positions. P. C. Scott was subjected to 
about one hour's bombardment. The shells came thick and 
fast and there were a few close ones, but luckily only one man 
was wounded at P. C. Scott. If the shell had struck a few feet 
short it would have wiped out the entire brigade detachment. 
It was not until the early morning that the enemy batteries 
were put out of action. 

Our artillery fire, however, had its effect and our troops 
forged ahead, making an advance of four kilometers, capturing 
the heights overlooking their former position. The advance 
was continued and by November 4th the Germans had been 
driven from the west bank of the Meuse as far north as Stenay 
and Beaumont. The corps on the left were advancing at the 
rate of five and six kilometers each day and by the 7th had 
reached Sedan. On the night of the 4th-.5th the 5th division 
under cover of our fire crossed the Meuse river between Dun- 
sur-Meuse and Brieulles, capturing the heights on the east 
bank of the river. By November 8th our troops had cleared 
the heights of the enemy on the east bank of the river and had 
established liaison with the American divisions who had pushed 
northward up the east bank of the river operating under the 
2nd Colonial corps, which had replaced the 17th French corps. 

On November 7th the brigade was transferred to the 3rd 
corps. The corps artillery of the 3rd corps consisted of 
French units which were being withdrawn from the line, and 
the 66th brigade was needed to carry out the mission of the 
departed units. Colonel Scott, who had commanded the bri- 
gade throughout all the operations, had been transferred to 
army artillery operations, and Colonel Lanza, the army artil- 
lery operations officer, took command of the brigade, each re- 
lieving the other. As corps artillery the brigade was called upon 
to closely follow the advance. TWo batteries were brought 
across the river and temporarily attached to divisional ar- 
tillery brigades. The 2nd and 3rd battalions of the 146th, 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 69 

after the attack of November 1st had moved to positions in 
and near Moiitigiiv. The guns ordered to Montigny were di- 
rectly exposed to enemy observation and suffered heavily from 
counter battery fire. The 1st battalion of the 146th was or- 
dered to a position of readiness in Montigny and also suffered 
from heavy shelling. This battalion was later ordered to 
follow up the infantry advance and crossed the river in pur- 
suit. One battery got into position near Brandeville, from 
which position it was able to fire across the French border. 

It was the only battery of heavy field artillery which 
can claim this honor. The 1st battalion of the 148th also pro- 
ceeded across the river in pursuit of the enemy. The 2'nd and 
3rd battalions of the 146th remained in position and con- 
tinued firing. On November 8th the 1st and 3rd battalions 
of the 148th were ordered by the chief of artillery of the 3rd 
corps to proceed to positions across the river via Verdun. 
Part of the guns had crossed to positions across the river at 
Verdun and were on their way up the opposite bank when 
both battalions were ordered back to their former positions. 
On November 7th brigade headquarters had moved to Ro- 
magne and on the next day to Dun-sur-Meuse. The headquar- 
ters of the 146th regiment after the attack moved to Aincre- 
ville and then to Montigny. The headquarters of the 148th 
moved from Montfaucon to Cunel and thence across the river 
to Milly. On November 11th early in the morning the head- 
quarters of the 148tli was ordered to Louppy, wiiich was still 
in German hands, and the 146th to Brandeville. On the 12th, 
after the armistice was in effect, the 146th headquarters was 
ordered to establish a P. C, at Lissey. These movements were 
made in anticipation that the brigade w^ould follow up the 
German retirement into Germany. 

The last three days of the war were intensely exciting. 
It was known that the Germans had asked for an armistice, 
but no one had any idea that the request would be granted 
with the German army all but annihilated. Although every 
one was worn down from forty-seven days of continuous fight- 
ing, there was a desire to see the German army finished. The 
news of the armistice was received early in the morning of the 
11th and the information was at once sent to the regiments. 
The fighting was to cease at 11 :00 o'clock. It hardly seemed 
possible that the war after four and one-half years should come 
to so sudden an end. Both regiments called up for verifica- 
tion, thinking that the message had been misunderstood. The 
American army a1 tacked on Ihe morning of the 11th and 
fought right u]> to the last minute. Since ci'ossing the Meuse 
river our corps had driven the Germans back through the 
Forest of the Woevre, making an average gain of 15 kilo- 
meters. If the war had not ended four more days would have 
driven the enemy into Luxembourg. 



CHAPTER VIII 



ARMY OF OCCUPATION 

The news that the armistice had been signed reached brig- 
ade headquarters at Dun-sur-Meiise at 7 :30 o'clock on the 
morning of November 11th. The chief of staff of corps ar- 
tillery phoned the operations office of the brigade that the 
terms of the truce would go into effect at 11 :00 A. M., and 
that all hostilities would cease at that hour. Our command 
was ordered to cease firing immediately and under no condi- 
tions were our batteries to reopen fire, unless the absolute 
defense of our positions warranted it. 

The fact was emphasized that the war had not ended, but 
that the armistice was merely a mutual agreement to stop 
the two war machines long enough to determine if peace ne- 
gotiations could be made possible. Either side could renew 
the battle upon 48 hours notice. All units were cautioned 
against the slightest relaxation of vigilance, and were ordered 
to be prepared to resume operations on a moinent's notice. 
No communications whatever were allowed with the enemy, 
either before or after the termination of hostilities. Any in- 
fringement of this injunction would merit the severest dis- 
ciplinary action. Officers violating this order were to be sent 
to the corps headquarters under guard. 

Therefore the signing of the armistice silenced the guns 
of the brigade, but the manifold operations went on unin- 
terrupted and unchanged. Advance positions were recon- 
noitered and on the same morning the armistice went into 
effect, both regimental P. C.'s were moved to advanced loca- 
tions near the front line and arrangements were made for the 
movement of the brigade P. C. The men wondered if the 
war had really ended. The work of bringing up ammunition 
and supplies continued, and the gun crews were busily en- 
gaged in the performance of their duties. 

The welcome order, directing the withdrawal of the brig- 
gade from the line arrived on November 12th. Our area was 
taken over by two old time artillery friends, the 56th and 60th 
C. A. C, two regiments which the brigade had trained in the 
use of the G. P. F. gun during the month of June in the Li- 
bourne and Clermont Ferrand areas. The brigade commander 
was charged with the emplacing of these two regiments in the 
line and our officers made all the necessary reconnaissances, 



History of (IOth Field Artillery Brigade 71 

laid the telephone wires, and established P. C.'s. Everything 
Avas in working order before these units arrived to relieve the 
brigade. The guns of the new units were quickly eniplaced 
and the brigade turned over its command. Its long, arduous, 
sacrificing work in the great war had temporarily ended, but a 
big task was yet before it. Upon being withdrawn from the line 
the brigade was ordered to assemble at Blercourt, fifteen kilo- 
meters from ^'erdun. This meant a trip of forty kilometers 
back through no man's land and without adequate transporta- 
tion. During the last ten days of the war, the continuous 
movements over the muddy, shell-torn roads had worn out 
our already overworked tractors. Many had completely 
broken down. Some battalions had only two tractors to move 
both batteries. As it took two tractors to pull each gun 
through the sea of mud of no luan's land, it was necessary to 
use our serviceable tractors in relays. Tractors were kept 
busy day and night going back and forth, making the long, 
tedious trip over the roads, which were so badly cut up and 
broken that it taxed the skill of our drivers to the utmost to 
make any progress at all. Nearly a week had elapsed before 
the last unit arrived at Blercourt from the line. 

In the French barracks at Blercourt the men of the brigade 
had opi)ortunity to gain a much deserved rest. They were dirty 
and their clothes in rags. For forty-seven days they had fought 
without a change of clothing and without a bath. They had 
worked in the deep mud getting the trucks and tractors 
through. Nearly- all were lousy. There was keen competition 
among the men in searching for the largest cootie. As they 
had slept in German dugouts, they had both the French and 
German varieties of this active animal. A delousing plant was 
set up by the medical department and a much-needed bath ob- 
tained. At the same time their clothing was thoroughly de- 
loused. Later a full allowance of new clothing and equipment 
was given each one. 

The brigade fully expected to be one of the first units to be 
returned to the United States. It had served longer in the 
line than any heavy artillery brigade in the A. E. F. Its guns 
had fired the maximum number of rounds allowed for safety, 
and it was hardly conceivable that these big, heavy guns 
would be hauled all the way into Germany, when there were 
in the vicinity a number of G. P. F. organizations fully 
equipped with new guns. These brigades had served only for a 
short period during the last days of the war, and it seemed 
only logical that one of the newly equipped brigades would 
be sent with the Army of Occupation. Therefore, it was with 
a mixed feeling of disa{)])ointinent and pride that orders were 
received, transferring the brigade to the Third army and di- 
recting that it immediately be put in shape for the journey 
into conquered Germany. The men wanted to go home. They 



72 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

felt that they had done their share, but the}^ also warmed 
with pride in being- selected as part of the vanguard of the 
Ajnerican forces to march to the Rhine. The flower of the 
American army had been selected to follow in the wake of 
the retiring Germans, as they had been tried and trusted, and 
were capable of coping with any eventuality. Four years of 
trickery and deceit had shaken the confidence of the Allies in 
Germany's honest intentions. Our troops were armed to the 
teeth, and deployed in military formation, ready at a moment's 
notice to defend themselves against a sudden attack. The 
men, recuperated by their short rest, now plunged into the 
work of overhauling the entire equipment of the brigade for 
its new task. The damaged guns were repaired, and new 
tubes replaced those worn out from the constant firing. The 
old trucks and tractors were salvaged. The newly equipped 
units in the near vicinity furnished the brigade with their 
complete motor equipment, all of which was repainted and 
branded with the brigade insignia. It meant night and day 
work, but all preparations were completed by December 2nd, 
the date set for the brigade to begin its march to the Rhine. 

Brigadier General Johnson Hagood had relieved Colonel 
Lanza of the brigade command on November 28th. General 
Hagood had been formerly chief of staff of the Service of 
Supplies. The orders received from the Third army directed 
the brigade to proceed by its own transportation to the 
vicinity of Gravenmacher, a town on the German frontier, 
located in the Duchy of Luxembourg. The brigade was to 
clear Blercourt December 2nd. The route to be followed 
was through Verdun, Etain, Piennes, Adun and the city of 
Luxembourg itself. Courier service had been maintained for 
some time between the brigade and the marching Third army. 
One messenger remained at all times at the Third Army head- 
quarters as there was no other means of communication. 

Starting early on the morning of December 2iid, the brig 
ade cleared Blercourt by 8 -.OO A. M., and began its convoy 
across the devastated region of France. Its columns covered 
a distance of nineteen kilometers. 

The first twenty miles of the journey had to be made over 
roads equally as bad as those on our own front. However, 
with its new equipment, and powerful tractors, the first day's 
march across no man's land was made by the brigade with 
comparative ease, only a few trucks getting stuck. These 
were soon rescued by the ''clean-up" tractors which followed 
the column. By nightfall the brigade head(]uarters and the 
148th regiment had arrived at Piennes and the 146th regiment 
at Bouligny, billets being provided for the personnel in those 
two villages. 

Here the men of the brigade were furnished a graphic 
picture of what the iron hand of kultur paints. The male in- 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 73 

habitants consisted of only a few feeble old men. The rest 
were French women and children. They had been interned in 
these towns for four years of war and German oppression liad 
left an indelible mark on them. Their wan faces and thin 
emaciated tiuiii-es spoke more clearly than words of the 
hunger, privation and suffering; they had undergone The Ger- 
man soldiers had taken their all. Houses had been looted. 
All their gold, silver and articles of brass and copper had 
been confiscaled. Even the greater portion of the food sup- 
plies sent to them by the American Red Cross had been 
stolen. IMeniies before the war had been a thriving mining 
village. Now the mills stood empty, skeleton buildings, gutted 
and everything of value. In a listless, lifeless way the people 
told their story of wrong and suffering and hunger. The only 
hope which seemed to animate them was the i)ros])ect of their 
own men coming home, from whom they had received no word 
during the four years. 

The next day's journey took the brigade through the de- 
vastated region and into the Duchy of Luxembourg. As the 
boundary line was approached, the landscape began to change, 
merging gradually from a barren waste into that of a prosper- 
ous, pleasing, rural country. When the high hill leading down 
into the city of Esch was reached, a s])lendid ])anorama un- 
folded itself. Nestled down in the distant valley lay a beautiful 
gem-like city, its turrets and toAvers shining in the golden 
gleam of the sun. Beyond lay beautifully wooded knolls, roll- 
ing green meadows and peaceful valleys. After four months of 
daily existence in the shell-torn, barren front, it was like de- 
scending into a valley of Paradise. The roads had been excel- 
lent during the latter jiart of the journey, and better progress 
had been made, the brigade reaching Esch at noon. The journey 
through this small princi})ality will long be remembered by 
every member of the brigade. The contrast between the dirty, 
dingy, vile-smelling villages found in the rural districts of 
Fi'ance and these prosperous, s])otless little cities was quite 
marked. The towns of Luxembourg were up-to-date in every 
respect. The buildings were of pleasing architecture and 
modern design, and constructed entirely of brick or cut stone. 
The streets were paved with as]ihalt instead of cobble stone so 
commonly used in Euroi)ean cities. The cement sidewalks were 
uncommonly wide and of regular width, in contrast to the 
broken stretches of tapering narrow sidewalks found in French 
towns. The shop windows were neat and artistically trimmed. 
The holiday season was apju'oaching, and the windows were 
filled with attractive dolls and toys for which Luxembourg 
is famous, being the toyland of Europe. Every modern use 
had been made of electricity in illuminating the shop Avindows, 
signs and streets. It reminded one of America. The big hand 
of welcome was extended the American soldiers. French, 



74 History of G6th Field Artillery Brigade 

American and the royal colors of the Duchy decorated the 
store fronts and flew from the cornices and tops of the build- 
ings. President Wilson's picture was to be seen in the windows 
and on the walls in cafes and public buildings. The business 
men were keen, alert and anxious to please. Many spoke Eng- 
lish, in addition to speaking the necessary French, German, 
Italian and the Luxembourg dialect. 

Much in the same manner as Switzerland had maintained 
her independence and freedom since the days of chivalry, so 
this small ])rincij)ality of Luxembourg, although comjdetely 
surrounded by warring nations, maintained her neutrality. 
The Duchy of Luxembourg is about 75 miles long and 50 miles 
wide, and although for four years shut out from the commer- 
cial marts of Europe, had used her own store of resources for 
the necessities of life. Prices had reached a wartime scale, 
but there seemed to be an abundance of everything. German 
marks, which had rapidly depreciated in value, were redeemed 
by the Government at their former valuation and a home corn- 
age issued. Although neutral, the nation believed in prepared- 
ness and maintained a standing army of three officers and 200 
men. In selecting this army, only men of splendid physique 
and military bearing were chosen. Resplendent in their 
imnmculate, showy uniforms and beplumed headgear they 
made a fitting royal bodyguard for her Duchess, the young and 
beautiful Marie Adelaide. 

The brigade arrived in the vicinity of Gravenmacher on 
the night of December 5th, brigade headquarters being 
located at Mertert, the 146th regiment occupying the towns of 
Menternach, Mertert and Biwer, and the entire 148th regiment 
being billeted in Wasserbillig. It was a stone's throw into 
Germany, as Mertert was located on the INFoselle River, the 
boundary line between Luxejubourg and the Rhenish provinces. 
These towns Avere small and uninteresting, with a German 
population. 

The brigade crossed into Germany on December 9th, 
moving to Bitburg, where it stopped for one night, and from 
there to Hillesheim, moving by regimental echelon. The 146th 
regiment was one day behind, occupying the area vacated by 
brigade headquarters and the 148th regiment, which moved in 
advance. Several days were spent in this vicinity before the 
brigade proceeded toward the Rhine. 

Everyone had wondered what attitude the Germans would 
adopt toward the Americans who were to occu])y their homes. 
make their laws, and supervise civil matters. Would it be 
necessary to force the po]mlation into submission at the point 
of the bayonet! Orders had been issued that soldiers must at 
all times be armed and in walking through the streets at night 
must go in pairs. Two sentries were to be used on each post. 
So from the first night spent in German territory, side arras 



History of GGtii Field Artillery Brigade 75 

were worn aiid every precautiou taken. However, it was soon 
learned that tlie arrogance of tlie German people had been 
supplant ed by an attitude of humble obedience. Every effort 
was made to please the Americans, and to make friends with 
the soldiers. They gave their best rooms for billets, and in 
many ways endeavored to ingratiate themselves with their 
conquerors. The poorer people and the merchants really wel- 
comed our soldiers, who brought with them many nuirks which 
they spent recklessly. Articles which had been very expensive 
in France were ridiculously cheap, and with the low valuation 
of the mark the soldier's money went much farther than it had 
ever gone before. Our soldiers were somewhat deceived by this 
show of friendliness, and at first did not see the duplicity of it 
all. German papers were loud in their praise of the Ameri- 
cans, saying that our trooi)s were preferable to their own. 
This false attitude of friendliness prevailed until they learned 
that sfecial privileges and favors could not be bought so 
cheaply, and then their true feeling came to the surface, Avhich 
was one of hate, resentment and self pity. As the days went 
by the old German arrogance returned and w^as exemplified in 
many small ways. The kindly feeling our troops first felt for 
the civilians changed to one of distrust and contempt. Many 
clashes occurred between the Americans and discharged Ger- 
man soldiers, the Germans invariably getting the worst of it. 
On December 20th the brigade moved forward to Bassen- 
heim, on the west bank of the Rhine. Brigade headquarters 
and the 146tli regiment were located at Bassenheim and 
Rubenach, and the 148th regiment at Weisenthurm, in which 
vicinity it remained until December 30th. 

At Bassenheim, brigade headquarters became for a fort- 
night the self-invited guests of a German baron, moving in 
and establishing headquarters in a princely mansion in a 
beautiful walled and parked estate. The baron, a famous 
German ambassador, Avas busily engaged at Berlin. The 
mansion was one of the most beautiful and modern to be found 
along the Rhine. In its spacious halls and beautifully adorned 
rooms, were priceless treasures of art and antiques. Famous 
paintings and tapestries adorned the walls. In the hunting 
room w^ere many trophies of the chase, mediaeval armor and 
all the weapons with which man has fought since the days of 
knighthood. In this palace an autocratic princeling had stored 
treasures from all parts of the world. Every luxury and 
comfort possible had been provided for. Each bed-chamber 
had its private bath. There was a retinue of servants under 
charge of the caretaker. The statf olficers of the brigade were 
served in a beautiful dining salon. The baron had a splendid 
cuisine and a marvelous chef. Upon the table, for which a 
collector of antique furniture w^ould have given a fortune, 
was spread a cloth spun of fine linen and gold threads. The 



76 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

table service could not have been dnplicated, the silver being 
embossed in gold with the baronial arms. The baron's secre- 
tary informed General Hagood that the baron was expected 
home in a Aveek, and the brigade would have to vacate. The 
Germans soon learned, however, that they could not dictate 
terms to their conquerors, and the baron was advised to con- 
tinue his visit with the Kaiser. 

With the organization of the American sector of the 
Coblenz bridgehead, the brigade was ordered to take a position 
of readiness in sup})ort of the Third corjts, which was occupy- 
ing the outer limits of the bridgehead with the 1st and 32nd 
divisions in line and the 2nd division in support. As army 
artillery, the brigade was to cover the entire sector occupied 
by our troops, and w^as ordered to the east bank of the Rhine 
in a position of readiness. 

On January 1st the brigade crossed the Rhine at Engera 
and proceeded to its position in the advanced zone. Brigade 
headquarters and the 146th regiment established their P. C.'s 
in Grenzhausen, and the 148th reginuent took over the town 
of Hoer. Grenzhausen was not large enough to accommo- 
date all the troops of the 146th, and two battalions were bil- 
leted throughout the brigade area in the small towns of 
Nauort, Kaan, Alsbach, Sessenbach, Wirscheid, and Strom- 
berg. Battery positions were at once reconnoitered, battle 
maps were prepared, and all preparations necessary for the 
defense of the sector was made. The gun positions, however, 
were not occupied, but all guns were kept in readiness for im- 
mediate action in case an alert should be sounded in the 
American area. 

The American sector of the Coblenz bridgehead included 
all the territory lying between the Rhine river and the cir- 
cumference of a circle with a radius of thirty kilometers, the 
center of which was the Pfaffendorf bridge at Coblenz. The 
Americans occupied the northern half of the sector and the 
town of Coblenz, and the French occupied the southern half 
of the sector and also the bridgehead at Mayence. The British 
occupied a similar bridgehead at Cologne. The enemy troops 
were east of a neutral zone, ten kilometers in depth, surround- 
ing the bridgeheads. Our outpost line followed a natural 
line of resistance at a minimum distance from the outer limit 
of the circle. The 66th brigade as army artillery, and after- 
wards designated as 3rd corps artillery, covered the entire 
front of the American sector. Our field of fire extended over 
a zone of more than forty kilomieters in width. 

After reaching the Rhine, the German artmy was rapidly 
demobilized. Many of the soldiers were discharged in the 
area occupied by the American troops. 

Rapid demobilization of the German army followed in 
all parts of Germany. Very few of the German soldiers cared 



History of G6th Field Artillery Brigade 77 

to re-enlist in the new army whicli was being organized by 
the provisional government, although offered many induce- 
ments. Only a small minority of the discharged soldiers were 
able to find work and a state of unrest prevailed. Food was 
scarce and the cost of living exorbitant. Bolshevism, which 
was prevalent throughout western Russia, soon spread to un- 
occupied Germany. Street fights occurred in all the principal 
cities, and much damage was done to public and private prop- 
erty. The ranks of the Bolshevists were soon filled with dis- 
charged and dissatisfied soldiers, who after four years of pil- 
lage and plunder were not content to return to their former 
civil occupations at the low scale of wages offered. The Ger- 
mans themselves suffered from the same outrages and crimes 
against civilians which had been j)ractired in Belgium and 
northwestern France. Bblshevists employing all the modern 
weapons of warfare, instituted a reign of terror in Berlin. 
Heavy howitzers, machine guns, aeroplanes, bombs and mines 
were used in the destructive warfare waged against those in 
control of the Government. The Kaiser's palace was riddled 
with 75s and many priceless treasures were destroyed. This 
action did not meet entirely with the disapproval of the 
American doughboys. 

As the peace conference prolonged its session over many 
months, and the terms of the armistice prevented provisions 
and supplies being sent to Germany, the food shortage became 
acute. Bolshevism spread to such an extent that the peace of 
the world was again threatened. The Austrian government 
was overthrown and the Bolshevists in Austria united with 
those in Russia in a general movement westward through Ger- 
many, For a short time it looked very much as if there would 
be another war. Strict watch was kept throughout the oc- 
cupied area in order to prevent Bolshevism from taking root 
in the territory occupied by the Allies, The streets and cafes 
were constantly policed and no gatherings or meetings were 
allowed without a special permit. An American guard was 
present at all meetings. In spite of these precautions the 
Bolshevists organized in Coblenz and had planned a general 
strike of all employees and the destruction of all public 
buildings. However, due to the excellent work of the in- 
telligence department of the army, this plan was nipped in the 
bud. The leaders of the movement were arrested and given 
severe sentences of imprisonment, after which the Bolshevis- 
tic movement died a natural death in the occupied territory. 

In addition to keeping a close surveillance on the high- 
ways and railroad lines, it was necessary for the American 
Army to regulate all river traffic. Our police boats patrolled 
the river day and night to see that traffic rules were obeyed 
and to prevent smuggling. On one occasion the Germans en- 
deavored to smuggle a barge load of cognac down the river, 



78 History op CGth Field Artillery Brigade 

secreted under a pile of crushed rock, but the ruse failed to 
deceive our river scouts, wiio confiscated the entire cargo. In 
addition the skipper was fined 30,000 marks and received a 
severe jail sentence for violation of orders. Traffic on the 
Rhine River was allowed only in daylight hours. At nightfall 
the boats were forced to tie up at the nearest landing and wait 
until dawn before continuing the journey. 

Fraternization with the German civilians was strictl}' 
prohibited and the ruling was rigidly enforced. Conversation 
with the German civilians except on matters of business was 
classed as fraternization and soldiers found talking to Ger- 
mans on the streets or drinking with them in cafes, were sub- 
ject to arrest. In the homes, however, where our soldiers 
were billeted, it was impossible to enforce this rule, and in 
many cases German women insisted on mal?:ing friends "with 
the American soldiers billeted in their houses. 

In billeting the troops throughout the occupied area, 
each organization was assigned a definite district. For civil 
control, areas seldom were assigned to organizations smaller 
than a division, but the 66th brigade, not being affiliated with 
any division, was given an area of its own and was responsible 
for the police, regulation and maintenance of good order in 
the area assigned. Provost courts were established before 
which Germans offenders were tried and sentenced. 

In assuming control of the civil affairs in the occupied 
zone, no radical changes were made in the existing form of 
government. The military authorities merely exercised juris- 
diction over the German administration. In Germany each 
village and town and its outlying district is under the control 
of a vorsteher or burgomeister, who is appointed for life and 
especially trained in the duties of local affairs. Each burgo- 
meister exercises complete control over the dorf in which he 
is located. The dorfs are grouped together forming a krief, 
which are likewiise grouped into districts. The brigade area 
which included about sixteen square miles of territory covered 
all or part of twelve separate dorfs which were a part of the 
Montabaur krief, in the district of Wiesbaden. Each burgo- 
meister was held responsible for the proper performance of 
his duties and for execution of the demands made by the 
American army. 

The billeting of the troops, with the aid of the burgo- 
meister, proved a simple matter. Each resident furnished the 
burgomeister with a list, specifying the number of rooms and 
beds available for soldiers. Our billeting oflScer took these 
lists and assigned rooms to the officers and soldiers nearest 
his organization headquarters. Every soldier had a room to 
himself with a good bed. The Germans furnished all bed 
linen and towels and took care of the rooms. Incidentals, 
such as washing and shining of shoes, were not made obliga- 



History of (KIth Field Artillery liRKJAUE 79 

tory, but in inaiiv cases this \vas done without thought of 
compensation. ]\Iany of the officers' messes were established 
in German lionios. with the frau as chef and the franlein as 
waitress. They received very little compensation for their 
work as compared with wages in the States, but tliey were 
more than glad of the opportunit}-, as it afforded them an op- 
portunity to enjoy luxuries, such as butter, sugar, white 
bread, meat, coffee and tea. Food was very scarce, the natives 
living principally on a diet of j)otatoes and cabbage with a 
bever-age made out of burnt wheat. Fats could not be bought 
at any ])rice. Pi'obably the most grievous shortage was soap, 
a bar of which had a wonderful purchasing power as the 
American soldier soon found out. A cake of sapolio was 
worth its weight in gold. To hand out a piece of chocolate 
was the same as giving them a share in a gold mine, and the 
Dutch kids would run blocks for a stick of gum. 

The most noticeable fact among the small villages and 
towns is the never ending toil of the German women. They 
never seem to rest, but without complaint not only do their 
many tasks of housekeeping but also work in the garden and 
fields, ploughing and planting and helping the men in all 
the work of farming. German housekeepers are overly scru])u- 
lous when it comes to house cleaning. Almost daily they scrub 
the houses from roof to cellar and then finish with the side- 
walks and streets in front of their homes. The towns are 
therefore spotless, but the women are prematurely old and 
broken down under the constant drudgery. 

The towns of Geenzhausen and Hoehr, where the brigade 
was billeted, were famous for the manufacture of pottery, 
and before the war, shipped large quantities to the United 
States. Several big kilns were still in operation and employed 
many women and children. Some of the most famous artists 
in Germany lived in Grenzhausen and Iloehr and ei-eated many 
beautiful designs which were burnt on the steins, vases and 
(littVi-ent pieces of pottery. Our soldiers created many indi- 
vidual designs of their ow^n, which were reproduced on steins 
and other souvenirs to be sent home. 

As the German families depended largely on their garden- 
like farms for their daily diet of vegetables, they had reached 
a high point of efficiency in their methods of intensive farming. 
The soil was highly fertilized and every inch used for a rota- 
tion of crops beginning early in the spring and extending late 
in the winter. Even the cliffs had been terraced from top to 
bottom, or rather cut and fashioned into huge stairsteps, con- 
structed of dry rock retaining walls about six feet high and 
six feet wide. The dirt found in the crevices of the rock fur- 
nished the soil, which jiroved very fertile and especially 
adapted to the cultivation of vineyards. These vineyards 



80 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

extend the entire length of the Moselle river and produce a 
rare wine known as Moselle. 

As the days passed and it became more and more apparent 
that the German army was completely demoralized, less vigi- 
lance on the part of the American soldiers was required. The 
duties of garrison life, or rather a makeshift home life, became 
the daily task of the men. Of course the entire area was 
guarded night and day. Sentries were posted at all bridges, 
tunnels, railroads and important points to prevent ingress 
and egress of the Germans, who had to have a special permit 
for almost every privilege. All the war material abandoned 
by the German army was gathered together and sent to the 
salvage dump. Firearms of the civilians were collected and 
placed in a large depot held under guard. With the German 
army in a state of demoralization and the German people ren- 
dered helpless by being disarmed there was no fear for the 
safety of our troops. 

The brigade soon settled into the routine of stabilized 
community life, which by contrast was full of interest, as 
hitherto it had led a nomadic form of existence. 

Although living in their homes and in daily contact with 
the German people, the strict orders against fraternization 
prevented any semblance of social activity on the part of 
the American soldiers. At first the servile attempt at friendli- 
ness on the part of the Germans was misleading, but it did 
not take long to analyze the thin veneer of hypocrisy. After 
the first novelty of studying the mannerisms and habits of a 
conquered people had worn off, it devolved upon the men 
themselves to establish a social life, which was absolutely 
essential to break the monotony of a prolonged existence in a 
foreign country. 

Through the efforts of Brigadier General Hagood. in com- 
mand of the brigade, the Y. M. C. A., which during the war 
had given the brigade no service at all, now established can- 
teens, festhalles, moving picture theatres, reading and rest 
rooms in the different towns of the brigade area. The Third 
armiy co-operating with the Y. M. C. A. and with the aid of 
the professional actors and entertainers who patriotically had 
volunteered their services at the beginning of the war, perfected 
an entertainment organization with a central booking agency 
at Coblenz, which furnished shows for the entire Army of 
Occupation. Each organization was encouraged to form a 
theatrical company and the professional thespians and play- 
wrights of the different units soon had some very creditable 
shows on the road. All were given a tryout and if meritorious 
were placed upon the entire A. E. F. circuit. 

The 66th brigade was fortunate in having some excep- 
tionally good talent among its personnel and each regiment 
formed a show troupe which displayed exceptional merit and 



History of HGth Field Artillery Brigade 81 

were soon placed on the ''big time" circuit. The 14()th regiment 
presented "Ching Chong", a rollicking three-act musical com- 
edy, which soon became a success. The company played a 
week's run in Paris to crowded houses and received many 
favorable criticisims in the A. E. F. journals. 

"Hello Broadway," the musical comedy of the 148th regi- 
ment, and also won laurels throughout the A. K. F. The plot, 
music and song hits of both shows were exclusively brigade 
talent. The Y. M. C. A. furnished the gorgeous costumes 
used in transforming husky cannoneers into petite mademoi- 
selles and dancing soubrcttes. 

Each town had its playhouse and moving picture the- 
atre, and j)erforinances were given nightly. The brigade was 
fortunate in securing one of the best halls for an amusement 
center in the Third army area. Formerly a workmen's club 
house, it was equipped with reading rooms, bowling alleys, 
billiard tables, hot and cold showers, and a large kitchen with 
steam cookers. There was also a spacious auditorium which 
was used for a theatre and dancing hall. Hot chocolate and 
doughnuts were served in the afternoon and night by the Y 
ladies and the Festhalle became a popular rendezvous. 

To i)reserve the morale of the soldiers, athletics was en- 
couraged by the Army and was made a compulsory part of the 
drill schedule. All athletic e(iuipment brought over by the 
welfare organizations was taken over by the Army and issued 
to the various organizations on a pro rata basis. In this 
manner each organization received its quota of athletic goods. 
Athletic activities included boxing, wrestling, basketball, 
volleyball, football, soccer, swimming contests, track meets, 
golf and tennis tournaments and the king of outdoor sports, 
American baseball. Even the smallest unit had its baseball 
team and each organization had its American and National 
leagues. An army league was formed of teams representing 
the various divisions and corps. There was much competi- 
tion and interest displayed in the race for the championship, 
which was not confined to the Army league alone but extended 
down to even inter-battery games. Brigade head(piarters 
furnished a chamjiionshij) aggregation of ball tossers who 
competed against all comers. The men of the brigade dis- 
])layed great interest in every form of athletics, winning many 
championships and furnishing athletes for competition in all 
big events. In the 3rd Corps Troops track meet held at 
Engers the brigade took first ])lace, winning 126 points out of 
a possible 182 points. 

Five hours a day were devoted to military drills which 
were varied in every ]tossible manner in order to avoid monoto- 
nous squad movements. Tactical problems were prepared and 
a war M^as waged every Wednesday morning against an 
imaginary German army endeavoring to capture the Coblenz 



82 lllSTOKV OF (t(>TII FlKIJ) AUTIIJ.KKV BuinADE 

l)ri(l,<i<'Ii(';i(I. Tlio w(H'kl.\ (Icfcnl sullVrcd hy tlie (MKMiiy soon 
bociijino known ns llio ''>\'4Mlnos(l;iv iMoi'nin^- War." 

As it was inijtossiblo io influl<>e in ranfj^o firinf]^ willi onr 
bi<; J2:nns, more allonlion was paid (o llio nso of small arms. 
Koi>nIa(i()n conrsos w (m-c lircd on l»olli i-ilh^ and pisfol I'anjjjos, 
many men (|naliryin,u Cor (lie loam lo roitrcscnl llio l»rii;ado at 
jlio A. 10. 1*\ cliamifionsliip sliooj hold ai lx» INlans dnrinjj: the 
lirsl pari of .May. 'i'ho liri^ado l<^\m made a crtMlilahlo show- 
ini;", in(li\idnal momboi-s (»!' I ho loam scorino; hi.uh mai'ks and 
two men qnalifyinji^ anionp: the ten best shots in the A. K. F. 

Among- the nnmoi-ons ]>rivilop;os p,ranled iho soldiers of 
the Army of Oconpalion wore fni-loniibs of so\^on, fonrloon 
and twenly-one days lo poinis in l<'ranc<\ llaly and ]On<!;land. 
Many leave areas had been eslablished a I famous resoi-ts in 
France where I he soldiers were }?iven a real bed, Ihree meals a 
day and enterlainment of every description, wilhont cost. 
The nearest leave area to the briji^ade was Coblenz, where many 
forms of enlertainment had been provided for ilie soldiers 
Avisliin^ lo spend their furl()iip:lis in (Jcnnaiiy. 'i'iic Y. .M. ('. 
A., Ked Cross, Kniyhls of Colnndms and other welfare so- 
cielies had made Coblenz a lieadipiarlers from which Ihey 
cai'i'ied on Iheir work 1hront»honl Ihe .\rmy of Occnpation, 
and in the city of Coblenz itself had jirovided many places of 
amnsement for those on leave. The Y. M. C. A. was located 
in a laroe Festhalle which furnished continnons vaudeville 
and odiei' forms of enterlainmenl. The Third army operaled 
a fleet of excursion boals which ma<le sclu'dnliMl Irijis and 
every soldier had an o]»porlunily to see Ihe wonderful scenery 
aloiiu; the Tihine river. 

Another popuhir point of interest was the <jrim fortress 
of lOhrenbreitstein, Avhich is located on the east bank of the 
Hhine. facinii' Coblenz. This formidable d(>f<Mise which is the 
(libi-altar of (lOrmany, is cai)able of housini>- 2r),t)0() soldiers 
for a period of two years wilhont communication with the 
outside world. Old Glory floated |)i-oudly from the hiohost 
turret of this famous fort, and it neede<l no student of human 
natui-e lo read tin* discontent on the faces of the Germans 
as I hey looked ui» and saw our <Mnblem of liberty instead of 
their own colors. 

General John .1. rershinji, ])ersonally lhank(Ml the men 
of the briiiade and other corps troojjs of Ihe Third army 
corps for their services durino; the war, in a brief address 
which folloAved a review on the parade pjround on the heijjhts 
above Vallendar. Sunday morniiicr, INTarch IHth. Goneral Per- 
shinp: ])aid the bi-iuade a com])limenl, remarkinu' Ibal il h;id 
]n-esenled a sjdendid appearance durinti: the review. 

.Mai'cli HTIIi was an imi>orlanl day in the life of the bri- 
gade as il marked the ai)i)earance of the brigade newsi)aper. 
"The Long Range Sni]ier," a weekly ])nblication which chron 



IIiSTOKV OF (Kiiii I''ii;mi Ai;tilm:kv I>Ki<iAi)K 83 

icled the daily liapjioiiin^s of luij^ade life. This was in itself 
a noteworthy achievement, as the entire writing and publishing 
of the i)ai)(M' with the meager erjuipment of a German pi-inting 
estahlishnient was done by l)rigade talent. 

The home vision was constantly before the men of the 
brigade. As far as physical comfort and entertainment was 
concerned the brigade fared better than ever before in its life, 
but the big question that loomed constantly before the men 
was "When do we go home?" Papers from the U. S. told 
the story of tlie big jtarades and receptions given returning 
organizations in the (iilTerent cities, and this only intensified 
the longing for iiiniK'diate return. P^very time news was 
received that a division was going home, there spread rumors 
as to the possible movement of the brigade. All the joy was 
taken out of life, however, when information was received from 
G. II. Q. that the brigade would remain for an indetinite period 
in the Army of Occupation as army artillery of the Third 
army. 

General Ilagood left early in April for a visit to Italy, 
after which he returned to the United States. He was suc- 
ceeded by Colonel Burke H. Sinclair, 148th F. A., who was 
in command until the arrival of Brigadier General Aultman, 
who had comiiianded the r)lst F. A. br-igade of the 2(i1h divi- 
sion at the fi'ont and who assumed command of the brigade, 
April 21st. IMior to assuming command, General Aultman 
was chief of artillery of the 5th corps. General Ilagood in a 
farewell talk to the oflicers of the brigade complimented the 
brigade highly on its record, standing, its personnel and the 
general reputation that the unit had in army circles. General 
Ilagood had Ikkmi an indefatigable worker for the welfare of the 
brigade, and many of the entertainment features provided for 
soldiers in the area resulted from his efforts. 

During the week of April 24th, the lltJth legiment moved 
fsom Grenzhausen to the Bendorf area, vacated by the 2nd divi- 
sion, which replaced the 32nd division in line after that organi- 
zation sailed for America. The 14(5th had occupied the Grenz- 
hausen area since January 1st, but Bendorf proved a much 
better place, as the entire regiment was billeted in the one 
place, which also had a large amusement hall ar.d other con- 
veniences. 

By virtue of having fought through four big offensives, the 
66th F. A. brigade was granted otlicial recognition which was 
given April 28th when G. 11. Q. i)resente(l the brigade with 
battle ribbons, engraved witli the names of the battles in which 
it had participated. These ribbons were presented to the regi- 
ments with impressive ceremonies during which they were tied 
on the regimental standai-ds. Following the ceremony General 
Aultman made an address comidimenting the brigade on its 
splendid service. General Aultman left the brigade on May 



84 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

1st, being ordered to report to the 7th F. A. brigade as com- 
manding officer. The men of the brigade were overjoyed when 
news was later received that Colonel E. D, Scott, who had 
commanded the brigade during its operations on the front, 
was to take command. Colonel Scott arrived at Grenzhausen 
May 3rd and again took over the command. 

On May 15th the Long Range Sniper came out with a scare 
head "It's Home, Boys, Home." However, the news that the 
brigade was to go home had reached the brigade by special 
messenger from Third army headquarters May 11th. Opera- 
tions Order No. 156, 3rd army, dated May lOtli, 1M19, read as 
follows : "In compliance with telegraphic instructions G. H. Q., 
the 66th field artillery brigade is relieved from duty with the 
3rd corps and Third army, and is placed at the disposal of 
the Commanding General S. O. S, for return to the United 
States effective this date. 2. All orders for the movements, 
preparation and disposal of surplus material and animals will 
issue from the Commanding General S. O. S. — Signed by com- 
mand of Lieutenant General Liggett. Malin-Craig, Chief of 
Staff." 



History of the 
1 46th Field Artillery 



HISTORY OF THE 146TH FIELD ARTILLERY 



INTRODUCTION 

When the 41st division was being organized it became 
necessary to form a brigade of field artillery, and it was to 
the west that the staff of this division looked for the personnel 
of this l)rigade. The sons of three western states, serving in 
infantry and field artillery units of the National Guard, were 
brought together to form the 146th Field Artillery, one of 
the regiments to campose this brigade. This regiment passed 
through a training period in a technical branch of the artil- 
lery and made a reputation which was often used as a stand- 
ard by the staff of general headquarters for other artillery 
units in the A. E. F. ; it experienced more than four months 
fighting in the face of the enemy without a rest, and gained 
a record for efficiency throughout the American Expedition- 
ary Forces which could well be coveted by any organization; 
and, finally, it marched to the Rhine and remained as a part 
of the Army of Occupation after all other National Guard 
and National Army organizations had been returned to the 
states. The achievements of such a regiment should not go 
unchronicled, but should l)e recorded so that the deeds of these 
brave men may not be forgotten when the last of these hardy 
westerners have gone '"to that bourne from which no traveler 
returns." 

It is for the purpose of recording these deeds while the 
memory is still fresh with the scenes of many battles, and to 
perpetuate to the men who have had the honor to share in the 
achievements of this regiment and to their posterity, that 
these facts are here recorded. Its style will not be one of a 
literary masterpiece, nor its theme so alluring as that of a 
popular novel, because the author claims no distinction as a 
writer of literature, and its theme will be a bare statement 
of facts concerning the service of a regiment in the greatest 
war the world has ever known. There will be no picturesque 
hero; there will be no tale of love and romance as fancied by 
the authors of popular fiction ; there will be no villain ; and 
yet all of these parts are included in this story. The regi- 
ment is the hero, but it is only one of the many heroes wliich 
composed the great American army; the tale of love is the 
love of these American citizens for their country and for the 
cause of freedom and justice for which America stands, in 
the expression of whicli love they were willing, if need be, 
to give their most priceless possession — life, but it is the same 
love that was expressed in the same way by more than two 



88 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

million other Americans; the villain is the entire German 
army, which, led by the most autocratic and unscrupulous 
of villains, murdered babes in the arms of their mothers, 
raped innocent women and caused the destruction of more life 
and property than has been destroyed in all the wars of 
the past. Therefore, if these pages seem dull and uninterest- 
ing, recall to your mind that they contain the priceless recol- 
lection of the hardships endured by many soldiers without 
a murmur, and a service given in the fullness of their hearts 
for the love of the United States of America and for the 
principles enunciated at its inception and maintained through- 
out its existence. 



CHAPTER I 



THE BIRTH OF THE REGIMENT 

It was not with the blare of trumpets or loud acclaim to 
the world that the 14Gth field artillery was ushered into ex- 
istence, but it was a simple order of the 41st division, stated 
in cold military terms, which gave birth to the regiment. 
Whether it was due to the foresightedness of staff officers or 
whether it was on account of a happy coincidence that the 
troops fromi the states of Idaho, New ]\texico and Washing- 
ton, should be joined together as an artillery regiment is not 
known. Regardless of the cause for the organization, it was 
a fortunate event that the strong virile westerners from these 
three great western states were combined into one organiza- 
tion. Most of them accustomed to an active outdoor life, 
these men were brought together to share the glories of an 
illustrious record of achievements while participating in the 
great World War. 

The 146tli field artillery was officially brought into being 
pursuant to general order No. 2, 41st division, dated Septem- 
ber 19, 1917. It would seem that destiny had decreed that 
good fortune was to smile upon the service of this regiment 
from its very inception, as it was linked with its sister regi- 
ment, the 148th field artillery, another organization of west 
ern troops, to form the 66th field artillery brigade. This 
brigade was included as part of the 41st division, but upon its 
arrival in France in January, 1918, it became corps artillery 
of the first army corps, and later at the beginning of the St. 
Mihiel offensive it commenced to operate as army artillery of 
the first American army and continued to act as such until 
after the armistice when it was made army artillery of the 
third American army, and, as a reward for its distinguished 
service in four major operations, it was sent to Germany as 
a part of the Army of Occupation. 

Units from the Second Idaho infantry were used as a 
nucleus for the formation of the 146th field artillery. The 
regimental staff of this infantry organization was taken over 
in its entirety with Cohmel William H. Edelblute, command- 
ing, as the staff of the newly formed regiment. The head- 
quarters company and supply company were transferred as 
the headquarters and supply companies of the new regiment, 
and companies "A", "B", *'C" and ''D" were used to form three 
batteries of the 146th field artillery. The band, which had al- 
ready established for itself an excellent reputation as a mill- 



90 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

tnry band during its service on the iNIexican border, was also 
transferred intact. Tlie medical cordis of the Second Idaho 
infantry was used as the medical corps for the new regiment. 
The remaining portion of the 146tli field artillery was supplied 
by the transfer of Battery "A" of the New Mexico field artil- 
lery, and the first battalion of the Washington field artillery. 
Thus it was that this regiment of National Guard troops was 
created. 

When the 14:6th field artillery was finally organized, its 
composition was as follows: 

Headquarters Oonipany, Hdqrs. Co. and Co. D, 2nd Idaho 
Infantry. 

Supply Company, Supply Co. and Co. D, 2iid Idaho In- 
fantry. 

Battery "A", Battery "A", New Mexico Field Artillery. 

Battery "B", Companies "B" and ''C", 2ud Idaho In- 
fantry. 

Battery ''C", Companies "A" and ''C", Second Idaho In- 
fantry. 

Battery ''D", Battery "A", Washington Field Artillery. 

Battery "E", Battery "B", Washington Field Artillery. 

Battery "F", Battery ''C", W^ashington Field Artillery. 

Medical Corps Det., 2nd Idaho Infantry. 

Band, 2nd Idaho Infantry. 

Ordnance Corps Det., all of aboye organizations. 

This history would be incomplete if the facts concerning 
these various organizations prior to their induction into the 
146th field artillery were not briefly stated. Therefore, let us 
direct our attention to the Second Idaho infantry, the New 
Mexico field artillery and the Washington field artillery in 
turn, and learn of their earlier existence before we take up 
the record of the 146th field artillery. 

THE SECOND IDAHO INFANTRY 

The Second Idaho Infantry was organized in 1903, and 
continued as such until it became a part of the llGth F. A. in 
September, 1917. At this time it Avas broken up, a portion of 
it being used to form the 146th F. A., as indicated heretofore 
and the remaining portions assigned as follows : Companies 
''E", "F", ''G", and "H", assigned to the 116th engineers; 
Companies "I", "K", ''L" and" ''M", assigned to the 146th 
machine gun battalion ; the "Machine Gun Company" assigned 
to the 147th machine gun battalion. 

Following its organization the regiment participated 
each year in the national encampments and other activities, 
including the maneuvers at American Lake and Gray's Har- 
bor, Washington, and Gerhart, Oregon. In 1916 the regiment 
was ordered to mobilize at Boise Barracks, Boise, Idaho, pre- 



History of (ICtii Field Artillery Brigade 91 

paratory to enterins: the federal service on the Mexican border, 
and on Jnlv 3rd the ori:\aniza1ion was mnstered into tlie ser- 
vice of the United States. At this time the regiment had a 
strength of aj»proxiniatel.v 1,200 men and 5(1 officers. The vari- 
ons units of the regiment were recruited largely from the fol- 
lowing cities of Idaho : 

Company ''A" Randpoint 

Company ''B" Nanipa 

Company ''C" Coenr d'Alone 

Company ''D" .Twin Falls 

Company "E" Grangeville 

Company "F" Lewiston 

Company "0'' Caldwell 

Company "H" Boise 

Company ^'I" Payette 

Company "K" Buhl 

Company '^L" Weiser 

Company *'M" Emmett and Idaho Falls 

Medical Detach Boise 

From the above units men were transferred to form the 
headquarters and supply companies and the machine gun com- 
pany. 

On July 7th the regiment, under the command of Colonel 
William FI. Edelblute, entrained for Nogales, Arizona, arriv- 
ing there on July 11, 191G. Intensive training was immedi- 
ately commenced and continued for a period of throe months, 
after which the regiment took up the work of patroling the 
International Boundary Line. For this purpose, the First 
battalion, under the command of Major Clement ^Yilkins, was 
mounted. 

This duty on the Mexican border was continued until 
December 19th, Avhen the regiment was relieved and ordered 
to return to its home station. It arrived at Boise Barracks 
on December 23rcl and was mustered out of the federal service 
on January 27, 1917. This marked the end of the first real 
military service performed by the regiment, although it had 
spent ten days in 1910 fighting forest fires in the northwest. 

The regiment was not destined for a holiday of any great 
length, as it was again called into federal service on March 
26, 1917, for the purpose of doing industrial guard duty. 
Detachments from the regiment were assigned to duty in the 
states of Idaho, Washington, ^Montana, Wyoming and Utah 
for the purpose of guarding l)ridges and forests against the 
work of incendiaries, I. W. W's and German spies. The de- 
tachments were widely scattered, and headquarters of the var- 
ious units during the time they were on this duty were as fol- 
lows : Co. ''A", Grace, Idaho; Co. ''B"\ St. Claries, Idaho; Co, 
''C", Fort George Wright, Spokane, Wash.; Co. ''D", Avery, 



92 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

Idaho; Co. "E", Garfield, Utah; Co. "F", Pasco, Wash.; Co. 
"G", Superior, Mont; Co. ^'H", Sandpoint, Idaho; Co. ^^I", 
Caldwell, Idaho; Co. ''K", Ogden, U^tah ; Co. "L", Garfield, 
Utah; Co. ^^M", Fort George Wright, Spokane, Wash. The 
remaining units of the regiment were stationed at Boise, 
Idaho. 

On August 1st these various detachments were relieved 
from this industrial guard duty and again assembled at Boise 
barracks with the exception of one battalion. The drilling and 
equipping of the troops was continued at Boise for the next six 
weeks, and on September 24th the regiment departed for Char- 
lotte, North Carolina, arriving at Camp Greene on October 1st, 
less one battalion, which did not rejoin the organization until 
after the 140th field artillery reached Camp Mills. It was upon 
its arrival at Camp Greene that the regiment was broken up 
and assigned to the various organizations indicated hereto- 
fore. 

The officers from the Second Idaho infantry, who were as- 
signed to the 146th field artillery were as follows : 

—Field and Staff- 
Colonel William H. Edelblute, Commanding. 
Lieutenant Colonel Leroy V. Patch. 
Major Clement Wilkins, Commanding 1st Battalion. 
Captain Claude H. Duval, Regimental Adjutant. 
Captain Fletcher A. Jeter, Adjutant, 1st Battalion. 
1st Lieutenant Archibald N. McDonald, Chaplain. 

— Headquarters Company — 

Captain Peter W. McRoberts 
1st Lieutenant Joseph W. Murray 
1st Lieutenant Claude W. Hodge 
1st Lieutenant Donald C. Stewart 
1st Lieutenant Raymond C. Hill 
1st Lieutenant Samuel C. Webb 
1st Lieutenant William E. Lynd 
1st Lieutenant Bruce C. Leiser 
2nd Lieutenant Hugh M. Jones 
2nd Lieutenant Harry H. Morton 
2nd Lieutenant William A. Runciman 
2nd Lieutenant Arvin D. Rounds 

— Supply Company — 

Captain Stewart H. Travis 

1st Lieutenant Mervin G. McConnell 

— Medical Detachment — 
1st Lieutenant James G. Atterberry, D. C. 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 93 

—Battery "B"— 

Captain George H. Van de Steeg 
1st Lieutenant (Jeorge F. McMartin 
1st Lieutenant Arthur J. Egbert 
2nd Lieutenant Glen A. Preston 

—Battery "C"— 

Captain John P. ^lathiensen 
1st Lieutenant Ernest L. Miller 
2nd Lieutenant Edward J. Robins 
2nd Lieutenant Wade G. Wailes 

THE NEW MEXICO FIELD ARTILLERY 

Battery "A" of the First New^ Mexico field artillery was 
organized at Roswell, New Mexico, in the spring of 1909, and 
was equipped the same year with three-inch field pieces. Cap- 
tain M. S. Murray, U. S. army, retired, was its first com- 
mander, the other officers being 1st Lieutenant Charles M. 
de Bremond, 1st Lieutenant Harold Hurd, 2'nd Lieutenant 
Ross L. Malone and 2nd Lieutenant Hiram Dow. There were 
no barracks in Roswell for the housing of this organization 
and its equipment, and there was no federal or state apjn'o- 
priation for the erection of such a structure, so that it fell to 
the lot of the patriotic citizens of Roswell to raise a sum of 
110,000.00 for the construction of concrete gun sheds. The 
erection of the gun sheds was immediately commenced and 
completed in a short time. 

However, this was not the only obstacle which confronted 
this battery in perfecting its organization. The three-inch 
gun without horses was of little value for training purposes, 
and the federal government failed to provide this motive power. 
Once again the citizens in and around Roswell rose to the 
occasion and loaned and hired horses to the battery for trans- 
porting the guns and personnel over the New Mexico hills 
for the necessary training. 

During the succeeding year the battery went to various 
National Guard summer camps, making an overland trip of 
sixty-five miles in 1912' to Capitan Mountains of New Mexico, 
and in 1913 again making an overland march of thirty miles 
to the Diamond "A" ranch. At each of these camps the target 
practice and instruction was under the direction of regular 
army officers. Captain W. S. ^IcNair, of the 6th field artillery, 
instructing the 1912 camji, and 1st Lieutenant B. M. Bailey, 
of the 5th field artillery, instructing the 1913 camp. In 1914 
the personnel of the battery went to a summer camp at Dem- 
ing, New Mexico, where two weeks instruction was given by 
Captain E. D. Scott of the 6th field artillery, who took com- 
mand of the 146th field artillery while it was still in training 



94 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

and later coniimanded the 66th field artillery brigade through- 
out the Chateau-Thierry, the St. Mihiel and the greater por- 
tion of the Argonne-Meuse operations. During these maneu- 
vers in 1914 the New Mexico battery used the guns and ani- 
mals of one of the batteries of the 6tli field artillery. In 1915 
the summer camp at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, was attended, and 
the instruction was given at this time by Lieutenant Colonel 
McGlachlin, now Major General McGlachlin, who commanded 
the 66th F. A. brigade during the time it was undergoing the 
most important part of its training period with the G. P. F. 
gun at Camp de Souge, France, and later was in command of 
the army artillery of the 1st army during the St. Mihiel and 
Argonne-Meuse operations, of which the 66th brigade was a 
part. 

On February 22, 1916, the battery was inspected by Gen- 
eral John J. Pershing, and on May 9th following, the battery 
was called out for Mexican border service and ordered to Co- 
lumbus, New Mexico. It arrived at this station on May 12th, 
being the first artillery to report for duty. About seventy- 
five horses were purchased at the last hour before the battery 
left Koswell ; the additional horses were shipped to Columbus 
as they were purchased by the Federal government. On June 
1st the officers and enlisted personnel were mustered into fed- 
eral service by Major Willard D. Newbill, with Captain 
Charles M. de Bremond in command, and James C. Hamilton 
and Willard F. Hird as first lieutenants, and George M. Will- 
iams and Walter E. Buchly as second lieutenants. 

The battery was ordered to El Paso, Texas, on June 18th, 
and arriving on the same day it was reported for duty to 
General Bell. It was immediatelv assigned for dutv with 
Battery "A" and Battery "C" of the 5th field artillery kt Fort 
Bliss, Texas, under the command of Major H. G. Bishop. 
Later, other batteries of the 5th field artillery reported to Fort 
Bliss and this regiment was assembled under the command of 
Colonel Granger Adams. Soon thereafter Colonel Adams was 
promoted to the rank of brigadier general and Colonel Charles 
M. Menoher was placed in command of the regiment. It was 
with this regiment that the New Mexico battery served during 
the remainder of its service on the Mexican border. Lieuten- 
ant Hamilton was detached from his organization and placed 
in charge of a remount depot at El Paso, handling horses for 
all the border troops. Every courtesy was extended to this 
National Guard battery by the regular army batteries of the 
5th field artillery, and the service of the battery with this regi- 
ment was most pleasant. It was only natural that a National 
Guard unit should at first feel a little nervous and anxious 
when serving for the first time with an organization of the 
regular army, but this feeling soon passed and the most cor 
dial relations existed among both officers and men. 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade Do 

At the time that General Fim.slon'.s body passed through 
El Paso eiiroiite to California, the honor of firing the official 
salute was given to the New M!exieo battery, and the battery 
was again thus honored when it was called upon to fire the 
official salute u})oii General Pershing's retui-n from El Paso 
from the punitive expedition into Mexico. 

The battery was mustered out of the federal service on 
March 23, 1917. As an expression of the appreciation of this 
organization the citizens of El Paso inaugurated a New INIex- 
ico day, which was observed on March 19th. Reviews and ex- 
hibition drills were participated in by the battery, which was 
witnessed by Governor William C. McDonald and his staff, 
and General John J. Pershing and General Bell and their 
staffs, in addition to thousands of El Paso citizens. This cele- 
bration marked the end of ten months service on the border. 
The battery left for its home station at Roswell on March 23rd, 
and upon its arrival the materiel and equipment was unloaded 
and stored, and the personnel of the battery was relieved from 
further duty and returned to their homes. 

However, the men were not to have a very long vacation 
from the performance of military service, as the governor of 
New Mexico received orders on April 21, 1917, to mobilize all 
National Guard units on April 23rd. Battery ''A", of course, 
was included in the list and it was again mustered into Fed- 
eral service under the command of Captain Charles M. de 
Bremoud. The other officers of the battery at this time were 
First Lieutenants James C. Hamilton and Willard F. Hird, 
and Second Lieutenants Wilder H. Middleton and Ransom B. 
Letcher, all of whom served with the organization in France. 

On June 11th the battery was ordered to report to the 
state mobilization camp at Albuquerque, New Mexico, at 
which station it arrived on June 14th, having its full author- 
ized strength for a light field artillery battery. Barracks 
were immediately built and horses received from El Paso. 
The battery Avas put through an intensive course of training 
from this time until September 23rd, when it was entrained 
for Camp Greene, North Carolina, traveling via Kansas City, 
and St. Louis, ]\Io., and Louisville, Ky., arriving on Sunday, 
September 30th. When the battery arrived at this eastern 
camp it had a complement of five officers and 192 enlisted 
men, with a coin])lete equipment of guns and horses. Upon 
its arrival at Camp Greene the battery was first designated 
as Battery "C" of the llOth field artillery, but Avas soon there- 
after changed to Battery "A" of the 146th field artillery, and 
its destinies from this time forward will be linked in the his- 
tory of this regiment. 



96 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



THE FIRST BATTALION OF WA&HINGTOIN FIELD 

ARTILLERY 

Unlike the Second Idaho infantry and Battery ''A" New 
Mexico field artillery, the first battalion of Washington field 
artillery was not in existence at the time of the declaration 
of war with Germany, and most of its personnel had never 
had previous military training. The history of its organiza- 
tion is unique and one that is fraught with many trying situa- 
tions. The Militia bureau at Washington had authorized the 
organization of a field artillery unit in the state of Washing- 
ton, but the adjutant general of the state had never felt justi- 
fied in attempting such an organization. Soon after the dec- 
laration of war, Paul H. Weyrauch of Walla Walla, Wash- 
ington, who was a retired officer of the regular army, felt that 
the organization of a battalion of field artillery from the east- 
ern part of the state of Washington was possible, and should 
be undertaken. Plans were immediately laid to recruit such 
an organization, but these plans were soon blocked by a War 
Department order which placed Lieutenant Weyrauch on the 
active list and assigned him to recruiting duty in the state 
of South Dakota. After much correspondence and a special 
trip to Washington, Lieutenant Weyrauch succeeded in being 
relieved from active service with the regular army in order to 
accept a commission as major of field artillery in the Wash- 
ington National Guard. He immediately set about to obtain 
permission to organize a battalion of field artillery. In order 
to do this, it was necessary to have barracks for the organiza- 
tion and old Fort Walla 'Walla, which had been closed since 
1907, was selected as the place. Here, again was trouble ahead 
for this organization, as the War Department claimed that 
the Uinited States no longer owned the old fort, and it was 
only after much dickering with government officials at Wash- 
ington that the adjutant general of the state of Washington, 
assisted by Major Weyrauch, was able to convince them that 
this old fort was still the property of the United States. 

Arriving from Washington city at Walla Walla on July 
18th, Major Weyrauch set about to recruit and organize the 
battalion. James C. Exline was commissioned as a captain 
and immediately commenced recruiting work at Walla Walla. 
Frank R. Jeffrey of Kennewick was commissioned a 1st lieu- 
tenant on July ioth and immediately went to work to recruit 
a battery from Benton and Yakima counties. In a few days 
Dale D. Drain and Edward H. Prell, both of Spokane, were 
commissioned as captains, and undertook the recruiting of a 
battery in Spokane county. On August 5th, the date set for 
the National Guard of the state of Washington to be drafted 
into the Federal service, each of the three batteries had only 
approximately 100 recruits, and the minimum strength for a 



HiSTouY OF OGtii Field Autillery Brigade 97 

battery of field artillery was 12") men. It was therefore im- 
possible to draft the three batteries into the Federal service, 
and iu order that the oryanizalion nii.uhl be jdaccd upon the 
records of the War I)e])artment, about thirty men from the 
Benton and Yakima county battery were joined with the 
\Yalla Walla recruits, and this battery drafted into the Fed- 
eral service as Battery "A", Washington field artillery. 

It was not long', however, until sufticient recruits had 
been secured to bring the other two batteries u]> to the mini- 
mum strength, and steps were then taken to have them mus- 
tered into the Federal service. In this connection the great- 
est difiiculties were experienced, and in the early days of 
October orders were received for Battery "A" to proceed to 
Camp Greene, North Carolina, taking with it the recruits from 
the other two batteries as casuals. This was indeed a case 
of the tail wagging the horse, as Battery "A" only consisted 
of 130 men, and the entire strength of the battalion was 524 
men. The telegraph wires were hot with messages to the War 
Department, Militia bureau and to the senators and represen- 
tatives from the state of Washington, urging authority to 
muster into the Federal service all the offifcers and men of the 
first battalion of Washington field artillery, and it was not 
until four or five days before the departure for an eastern 
camji that this authority was obtained. 

However, all of the difficulties in connection with perfect- 
ing the organization had not been solved, as through some 
error several officers of the Spokane battery, 1st Lieutenants 
William N. Day and James P. Barclay, and Second Lieuten- 
ants Scott r. Hart and Alfred C. Langdon were omitted from 
the order for muster, and it was necessary to muster these 
officers into the service as corporals and sergeants, and it was 
not until after the arrival of the battalion at Camp Greene 
that these oflficers received their commissions. 

Early in Se])tember all of the recruits were ordered to 
report to Fort Walla Walla for duty. The first stages of train- 
ing for the rookies were commenced and the etpiijimeut which 
had been ordered immediately upon the mustering in of Bat- 
tery "A" commenced to arrive. I*rior to this time the men had 
drilled in their civilian clothes, and the formations naturally 
lacked the military appearance which is given by the uniform 
clothing of the men. 

As this was only a mobilization point, the Federal govern- 
ment did not jd'ovide any guns, so in order that the men 
might become familiar with the gun formations some impro- 
vised guns were made by men of the battery from worn out 
wagons donated by the citizens of Walla Walla, and the ends 
of tele]ihone poles so ])laced on the wagons to rei)resent the 
gun, and with this improvised e(|uiiiiuent the men learned the 
first i)rinciples of the standing gun diill. 



98 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

Finally on October 9tli the first battalion Washington 
field artillery left Walla Walla on a special train, consisting 
of fifteen Pnllinaii and baggage cars for their new station in 
the sunny southland. The trip across the United States was 
a very pleasant one, stops being made each day to exercise 
the nien and have ball games between the various batteries. 
One stop was made at Fairbury, Nebraska, at which place the 
Commercial club presented the battalion with a full base ball 
equipment. Baggage cars were equipped as kitchens and the 
men were served three hot meals each day. This was a very 
luxurious form of travel for soldiers as compared to railroad 
trips made by the troops in Europe, as these new recruits were 
afterwards to learn. The battalion finally arrived at Camp 
Greene, near Charlotte, North Carolina, on October 16th, when 
it became a part of the 146th field artillery. 

The original personnel of officers of the Washington field 
artillery, who reported with the organization at Camp Greene, 
was constituted as follows: 

—Field and Staff- 
Major Paul H. Weyrauch, Commanding. 
Captain Edward H. Prell, Adjutant. 

—Battery "D"— 

Captain James C. Exline. 
1st Lieutenant Harry W. Wells. 
2nd Lieutenant Walter C. Lee. 
2nd Lieutenant Dolph Barnett. 

—Battery ''E"— 

Captain Fred M. Weil. 
1st Lieutenant Frank R. Jeffrey. 
2nd Lieutenant Walter H. Tuesley. 
2nd Lieutenant Frank Harrison. 

—Battery "F"— 

Captain Dale D. Drain. 

1st Lieutenant William N. Day. 

1st Lieutenant James P. Barclay. 

2nd Lieutenant Scott 1*. Hart. 

2nd Lieutenant Alfred C. Langdon. 

In addition to the above named officers, James H. Sturgis 
and Harry A. Soule, who accompanied the Washington bat- 
talion to Camp Greene as sergeants, were commissioned sec- 
ond lieutenants soon after the arrival of the troops at that 
camp and were assigned for duty with the Headquarters com- 
pany of the newly formed regiment. 



CHAPTER II 



CAMP LIFE AND TRAINING IN THE STATES 

Before the i-ejiinieiit finally received orders to jtroceed for 
overseas service it was stationed in three eastern ca1u])s, 
namely: Tamp Greene, N. C. Camp ]\Iills, N. Y., and Canij* 
Merritt, N. J. In these various camps fnll equipment for the 
men and oflHcers v^'ere received and also complete materiel for a 
rejiiment of field artillery was ol»tnine<l. The ])ersonnel re- 
ceived extensive traininji in the nse of the three-inch American 
field })iece. It was in these camps that many of the men re- 
ceived their first insi<;ht into the military service, and many 
of the experiences of these rookies will long- be remembered. 

CAMP GREENE 

At the time of the arrival of the western troops. Camp 
Greene was one of the newly n)ade cami»s in the south. The 
consitrnction of the bnildinos and the ]tre})aration of the 
•"■rounds was only about half completed. The men lived in tents 
and as board floors had not yet been provided for the portion of 
the camp occupied by our troops, slee])inc: on the damp uround 
was none too comfortable. The mess halls, which were avail- 
able for use, had been prepared for a summer camp, the sides 
of the buildings not having been boarded up but merely 
screened for jirotection against flies. The weather in these 
days of late September and early October was (piite cold and 
dam]), and the men suffered somewhat from the cold winds 
while at their messes. 

At this camp little drilling was done, excei)ting road 
marches to keep the men in ])hysical condition, the time being 
spent in the equipping of the men with winter clothing and 
the obtaining of horses and material, and perfecting the or- 
ganization. The regiment was more fortunate than many or- 
ganizations wliich wt^re hastily thrown together for the emer- 
gency of this war, since it started out with a sti«lf already or- 
ganized and trained. However, the Idaho soldiers found them- 
selves suddenly changed from infantry to artillery troojis 
and confronted with the task of learning the technique of an 
entirely new branch of the service. It was here that the 
troops received their first shot of typhoid prophylaxis, the 
value of which they were to learn during the hot summer days 
while living in those fields of carrion in the Chateau -Thierry 
sector. Very few escaped the aching bones and muscles and 



100 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

the sore arm as a result of this treatliient, and most of the 
men were on the sick report for a day or two. 

The greater portion of the men liad never before visited 
the sonth and they were greatly interested in the country and 
its people. The large cotton fields, which were just beginning 
to grow white with the ri]>ening cotton, were a constant source 
of interest, and the negro laborers in and around the camp, 
who were always chanting their nigger songs while at work 
and talking to the "bones'' during their idle moments, in- 
terested and amused these men from the golden west. The 
customs and language of the southerners, with their broad "a" 
and silent ''r*', held the attention also of the troops. This in- 
terest was mutual as the colloquial expressions common to 
the west were entirely new to these people of the southland. 
It w^as quite apparent at first that the people of Charlotte 
were apprehensive as to the conduct of these men from the 
land of the sagebrush and jack-rabbit. It was expected that 
they would ride into the stores on their horses and shoot 
up the town in the afternoon or evening by way of diversion, 
and the people of this hosi)itable southern city did not try 
to disguise their surprise to find that these men, who had 
ridden the plains, displayed the earmarks of an advanced 
civilization. Club rooms and tea rooms were thrown open to 
the use of these western soldiers and certainly greater con- 
sideration and hospitality could not have been extended to 
Uncle Sam's fighting men than was shown by the people of 
Charlotte. 

The stay at this camp was very short, as the regiment de- 
parted on October 23rd for Camp Mills, Long Island, New 
York. The greatest secrecy was maintained concerning this 
proposed move, and persistent rumors were afloat that the 
regiment was going to an embarkation camp to proceed to 
France. The officers and men were forbidden to use the tele- 
graph lines to tell their friends and relatives of their depar- 
ture from Camp Greene, and as the train traveled north and 
the calnp faded out of view all of the troops felt a tinge of 
excitement with the exception of a few officers who knew the 
destination of the regiment. 

CAMP MILLS 

The tri]) from Camp Greene to Camp Mills was not one of 
solid comfort, as the steam pipes on the trains failed to work 
and the Aveather was very cold. However, the journey was not 
without pleasure, as the men saw for the first time in their 
lives that country which had been the scenes of the historic 
battles of the Revolutionary and Civil wars. They also got 
their first glimpse of the city of Washington, and it was with 
great interest that they viewed from the train windows the 



History of G(jth Field Autillery Buigaue 101 

rapitol bnildino-. ^Vasliinotoii monument and other public edi- 
fices of the capital cit}'. 

When the regiment arrived at Canii) Mills on October 
25th, the tents in the area of the camp to be occupied by the 
rejjiment had been blown down by stronji; winds a few days 
before our arrival, and the entire camp presented much the ap 
I)earance of a devastated city. It was but a few minutes until 
all of the tents had been raised and the soldiers were scurry- 
ing about to find Sibley stoves to warm and dry them out. 
Cots had been provided so that the men were no longer re- 
quired to sleep on the damp ground. 

Little provision had been made in this cam]) to meet the 
conditions of the fall weather of Long Island Sound. No 
adecjuate drainage facilities had been provided and, as a re- 
sult, water ran down the company streets almost knee deep 
whenever there was a heavy rain storm, which was a frequent 
occurrence during these days of October and November, and 
the cold, searching winds which blew off the sound made 
life for the unaccustomed westerner very unpleasant. The 
tents in which the officers and men lived were far fi-om satis- 
factory shelter against the cold wind. No mess halls had been 
provided, the only buildings in the camp being a framework 
which was screened in and used as kitchen. These frameworks 
were sheltered by a roof and the officers had tables in them 
for their messes. The enlisted men had to carry their food 
from the kitchen to their tents and ofttimes during a heavy 
storm much rain would be collected in their messkits and their 
food would be chilled. 

The health of the troops at this camp was unusually good 
considering the conditions of living. A large portion of the 
command was att^licted with severe colds, but otherwise there 
was little sickness. The men received at this camp the second 
shot of the tri])le-ty})hoid ]»ro]»hylaxis, and Avere also vacci- 
nated against small]>ox. ]\Iost of the men again experienced 
sore arms, but very few became sick as they did upon receiving 
their first shot of this typhoid preventive. 

The officers and men were kept busy with drills of all 
kinds, including close order f<n'mations, nomenclature of the 
pistol and rifle and the three-inch gun. the training of sjtecial 
details such as telephone and signal men, road marches and 
parades. S])ecial schools were conduct(Ml during the day for 
enlisted men in connection with the handling and firing of the 
American field piece, and schools for officers were conducted 
in the evening to teach them the intricacies of artillery firing. 
Owing to the cold dam]) weather and the inade(iuate facilities 
in the Avay of assembly ])laces, attendance at these schools 
was somewhat of a hardshi]). In most cases, two large wall 
tents, ])laced end for end, were used for class rooms and as 
no tables or benches were provided the officers had to stand 



102 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

throughout the lectures of two or three hours, shiftiug from 
one leg to the other Avith their teeth chattering from the cold. 
Notwithstanding these unfavorable conditions, little complaint 
was heard concerning them, as the officers and men were de- 
termined to make the best of any situation which the con- 
ditions of war might bring about and equip tiiemselves in 
the best possible way for their work when they should be 
face to face with the enemy. A large target range was pre- 
pared along the sound and all of the officers were given an 
opportunity to fire one or more problems with the three-inch 
gun. 

The work of comjpleting the equipment of the regiment 
was pushed to completion at this camp. Several tons of har- 
ness and horse equipment, which it later developed would 
never be used by this organization, were received, as well as 
much other material necessary for the outfitting of a light 
regiment of field artillery. The horses which had been as- 
signed to the regiment had been shipped to Newport News, and 
Lieutenants Arvin D. Rounds, Arthur J. Egbert and Mervin 
G. McConnell were sent with a detail of 160 enlisted men to 
care for the stock while being shipped overseas. 

Much time was devoted to that detail known in the army 
as "paper work." The volume of records to be prej)ared in con- 
nection Avith the organization of a. regiment is immense. All of 
the various rosters, muster and pa^'rolls, and other company 
records, of themiselves involve much work in peace times, but 
they are quite overshadowed by the records that must be 
prepared for an organization serving in a foreign land in war 
times. Allotment blanks in triplicate must be filled out, 
signed and witnessed for each officer and soldier; a thorough 
canvass must be made to encourage each man to take the 
full amount of War Risk insurance, and blanks must be 
filled out for each man regardless of whether he desires to 
secure the benefits of the government insurance. All of these 
records were completed by the regiment at Camp Mills. 

The unpleasant surroundings of this Long Island camp 
were somewhat alleviated by the opportunity affoi'ded the 
officers and men to go into New York for Saturday night and 
Sunday, and these week-end trij»s were looked forward to with 
much pleasure by officers and men alike. Everyone was get- 
ting anxious for the time to arrive when orders would be re- 
ceived which would send them across the sea and into the 
theatre of operations, and the marching out of the troops 
from various parts of the camp from day to day was looked 
upon with an envious eye by most of the command. Finally, 
early in December orders were received for the regiment 
to prepare to move. Since the camp was so near the 
embarkation points, it seemed almost an assured fact that 
their destination must be the European continent. On the 



History of OOtii Field Artillery Brigade 103 

morning of December 7tli the regiment entrained and were 
taken by rail to Long Island City where the troops wei^e 
loaded on a harbor boat and, after skirting aronnd "The Bat- 
tery," were landed in Jersey (Mty. .Many large vessels were 
anchored in the harbor, among the nnmber being the Levia- 
than. It was strongly rnmored that the regiment was to be 
loaded in this vessel for the voyage across the Atlantic. The 
disappointment of the troops was keen when it developed 
that there was no trnth in this minor, and once again the 
troops were loaded on a train and taken to Tenatly. New Jer- 
sey, where they detrained and marched to Camp Merritt. This 
disai>pointment, however, was somewhat relieved when it was 
learned that Camp Merritt was an embarkation camp, and 
that all troops from this camp were shipped overseas. 

CAMP MERRITT 

When the troops arrived on December 7th, Camp Merritt 
was in the fnll throes of winter, there being twelve inches or 
more of snow npou the gronnd and the temperature being far 
l)elow the freezing point. The hearts of the officers and men 
were gladdened when they reached the camp and found large 
well-heated buildings awaiting them for barracks, mess-halls 
with tables and benches, and roomy bath houses with plenty 
of hot water for bathing. The latter was a particularly at- 
tractive feature, as bathing at Camp Mills had been impos- 
sible. The bath houses at that camp had consisted of a board 
floor screened in by burlap which had been made quite trans- 
parent by the many rain and wind storms, and the water pipes 
had been frozen soon after the arrival of the troops. 

Owing to the depth of the snow on the ground, which 
was increased to eighteen to twenty inches by snow falls sub- 
sequent to the arrival of the troops, little outside work was 
undertaken. Calisthenic exercises and road marches in the 
morning, in order to keep the troops somewhat hardened, was 
the extent of the program out of doors. The remainder of 
the days was spent in class wrk, teaching the non-commis- 
sioned officers how to figure firing data, training the signal 
men for speedy work with the semaphore and buzzer, and gen- 
eral instruction for all of the men for their work as artillery- 
men. The evening schools for officers were continued, which 
now became a pleasure by reason of the comfortable quarters 
in which these classes were conducted. 

Sailing lists were now ])repared and everything was got- 
ten in readiness to start on the ocean voyage on a moment's 
notice. On account of the constant expectation of orders for 
an early departure, little freedom was given to the officers and 
men to visit New York. However, the Yuletide season was 
close approaching and as orders had not been received to in- 
dicate an early embarkation, the troops were permitted to 



104 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

make arranoeinents for their Christmas diuners in New York. 
Finally on December 23rd the command was informed that 
the}^ would depart the following day. Telephone and tele- 
graph lines were kept bnsy calling off the dinner engagements 
for Christmas, and although Christmas Eve seemed to be a 
very inanspicious time for leaving our home land, never- 
theless the orders for our departure came as a welcome 
Christinas gift. 



CHAPTER III 



CROSSING THE ATLANTIC 

Deceiultor lUtli, 1017. will never be foi-ootten by those 
officers and men whose names were included on the sailino^ 
list of the 14()th field artillery. The reveille bnules blew at 
4 o'clock in the niorniiio- and in a few minutes the cam]> 
was a scene of hustle and bustle. Enlisted men were rollinf; 
their packs for the last time in America, officers were pack- 
iuo- their trunks and rollino their beddino; rolls, cooks were 
busy gettin«: the last breakfast to be served to our troo])S on 
American soil. Each one had his task and it must be done 
(juickly. Breakfast served, the kitchens were dismantled and 
the kitchen equii)ment. which was the last to be packed, was 
loaded on trucks to be taken to the station. After an ins])ec- 
tion of the barracks to see that the j)olicin,2: had been projierly 
done the rejiiment marched off for the station of I)unn)nt, N. 
J., to take the train which would carry it to the docks. 

It was about noon when the troops arrived at the Ho- 
boken pier. Once inside this large building; at this pier no 
one was allowed to go outside. Lunch had not been provided 
and while numei'ous lunch rooms, fruit stands and other 
jdaces where good things to eat could be purchased, 
could be seen a shoi-t distance away, yet these places could 
just as well have been in San Francisco or Seattle as far as 
Our troops were concerned, as not even the commanding officer 
was permitted to leave the building. The usual scenes at- 
tendant to one's de])artnre on an ocean voyage were not in 
evidence. The dock hands were busy loading ti'unks, bedding 
rolls and other baggage into the hold, a few transportation 
officers were busy che(M\ing sailing lists, but otherwise there 
was nothing of interest or excitement. 

Finally, the orders came for the trooj)s to board the ship. 
One battery and company after another lined up at the gang- 
plank and as they passed the sailing clerk each man was re- 
quired to call out his name in a loud voice, whereupon his 
name Avas checked and he was handed a berth ticket. All 
troops were recpiired to go immediately below deck in order 
that the shij) would not give the appearance of a trooj) ship 
as it sailed down the bay. Finally, at 2:30 in the afternoon 
the gang-planks were taken in, and the White Star liner, 
''Lapland," turned its nose down the harbor toward the At- 
lantic, bearing the men of the 14(»tli to the destinies that 
awaited them in Europe. No one was to be seen on the docks 
except the members of the shii»'s crew and it was not until 



106 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

after nightfall that the men in khaki were permitted to roam 
about the decks and make their first insijeetion of an ocean- 
going liner. 

The date of sailing and the boat on which the regiment 
was to be transported was kept a secret and it was not until 
the men were on the boat that they were permitted to mail a 
letter, stating that they w^ere on their way across the Atlan- 
tic. There were, of course, no loving friends on the docks to 
shout a farewell or throw kisses and the only thing to em- 
phasize the fact that we were really leaving our native land 
was the method of mailing these letters. A wire basket 
attached to a rope was swung to the ship's side and as the 
boat silently pulled away the basket was hauled up on the 
pier by an embarkation officer. It was afterwards learned 
that these letters were not mailed until notification had been 
received of the safe arrival of the Lapland in Liverpool. 

The passenger list on this ship included not only the 
troops of the 146th field artillery but also the first battalion 
of the signal corps and 197 casual officers, making a total of 
1916 troops and officers on board. The commanding officer of 
our regiment, Colonel W. H. Edelblute, was placed in com- 
mand of all troops on board the vessel. We had not been out 
at sea very long until some of those with more delicate 
stomachs commenced to hunt their staterooms and lean over 
the railing of the various decks. However, the sea was not 
very rough, so that most of the men escaped the dreaded sea- 
sickness. 

The next da}- was a novel Christmas for these members 
of Uncle Sam's army, spending it on the ocean on their way 
to the battle grounds of Europe. It was not an unhappy one, 
however, as a good Christmas dinner had been provided by 
the ship's cai)tain, John Bradshaw. and special souvenir 
menus had been prepared for the officers' mess. The chap- 
lain held Christmas day services and the thoughts of all 
were divided between thoughts of their homes and loved ones 
and speculations as to encounters with submarines and as to 
their future destiny in this strange land while engaged in the 
gruesome game of war. 

It was not generally known by the members of the com- 
mand the course that would be folloA^ied and many were sur- 
prised when they awakened on the morning of l^ecember 26th 
to find the boat steaming into the harbor of Halifax, Nova 
Scotia. The boat was re-coaled and prepared for its trans- 
Atlantic voyage. Lieutenant Wade G. Wailes and several en- 
listed men were taken from the boat and placed in the hospital 
at Halifax. Finally on December 28th the Lapland again set 
out to sea in a convoy with seven other vessels. The course 
followed by this convoy was at first in a northerly direction, 
turning southwesterly near the island of Greenland. Al- 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 107 

tbouj;h considerable excitement was occasioned at two differ- 
ent times by tbe rumor that a submarine liad been sighted, yet 
there was no official report of their appearance, and after 
fourteen days on the water the convoy arrived on January 
7th, 191S, in the harbor at Liver|)Ool, England. The Atlantic 
was somewhat rough nearly all of the time, but no unusually 
heavy seas were encountered. The troops were given calis- 
thenic exercises each morning and afternoon and the rest of 
the time was spent playing games such as chess, cards and 
shuflfle-board. Before the boat left Halifax, each officer and 
soldier was assigned to a life-boat or raft and an ofiicer of the 
1-I6th was placed in charge of each of these. Oixe of the varie- 
ties of life boats was called the "collapsible boat" and all who 
were assigned to them felt that the name was quite fitting. 
Each person on board was required to carry at all times a life 
preserver, and once each day a boat drill was held when all 
were required to rush to their life boats and fix their life 
preservers. 

Before landing a collection was taken up among the of- 
ficers on board to be used in purchasing a tablet to be given 
to the ship's captain to commemorate the voyage. Those who 
travel on the Lapland hereafter will no doubt find in the for- 
ward lounge a tablet bearing the following inscription : 

''This tablet has been placed here by the 1707 officers 
and men of the llOth Field Artillery,"^ U. S. Army, the 
First Field Battalion, Signal Corps, U. S. Army, and 197 
casual officers, U. S. Army, to commemorate the historic 
voyage of this Good 8hip La|)laud (Captain John Brad- 
shaw), when leaving New York on December 24, 1017, she 
safelv transported them to Liverpool, England, on Janu- 
arv 7, 1918." 

COLONEL W. H. EDELBLUTE, 

Commanding Troops." 

L'pon landing at Liverpool the troops were entrained and 
taken to Camp Morn Hill near Winchester, where they re- 
mained until January 10th. This was a rest camp, but the 
soldiers decided that it was a rest camp in name only. The 
weather was quite cold and damp, and instead of having ticks 
tilled with straw for beds the men were required to settle 
down on the soft side of a board. Also the food was not in 
accordance with the standards which had been previously set 
while in the American training camps. 

The only incident of particular moment which occurred 
at this cam]) was the taking of the key to the Great Castle at 
Winchester by one of the soldiers of the regiment while the 
troops Avere being shown the interesting' historical sights of 
this ancient English capital. The efforts of this soldier to es- 
tablish early in the game the reputation of the Americans as 



108 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

souvenir hunters was amply rewarded. The fact that this 
key had been taken was not discovered until the morning the 
regiment arrived at Le Havre. When the troops disembarked 
the officers were met by an officer representing General Per- 
shing who stated that the English government had telegraphed 
the commander-in-chief of the American Expeditionary Forces 
requesting the immediate return of the key and that he had 
been charged with the duty of finding it. Upon having the 
matter presented to the various organizations the man who 
had taken the key confessed to the same and turned it over 
to his commanding officer to be returned to its proper resting 
place on the wall behind the door of the Great Castle. "The 
honor of America was saved", and the English had received 
their first introduction to the ability of the American to select 
things of historical value as souvenirs. 

On January 10th the troops were taken by rail to South- 
ampton, from which place they were transferred across the 
channel during the night on the S. S. St. George, Captain Car- 
ditf commanding the vessel and Major Weyrauch commanding 
the troops. Le Havre was reached on the morning of January 
11th. The regiment was marched from the docks to American 
rest camp No. 2, a distance of tw)o or three miles, where it re- 
mained until January llth. Here the soldiers received their 
second initiation to the discomforts of the life of a soldier serv- 
ing in France. They were quartered in small, round tents 
ordinarily intended to accommodate six men, but owing to tbe 
crowded condition of the camp it was necessary to put ten 
or twelve in each tent. A board floor served to keep them off 
the damp ground, and the two army blankets which they 
carried in their packs served to keep them from freezing in 
the January weather at Le Havre. Here again the soldiers 
were served with the English ration, consisting of a very 
light breakfast, a moderate meal at noon and then bread and 
cheese at 3 :30 in the afternoon. 

It was with great joy that the troops left this camp on 
January 11th, and for the first time in their lives boarded a 
French troop train in which they were carried to Camp de 
Souge after a two days' journey. Soldiers, who had felt some- 
what aggrieved while going from the Pacific Coast to Camp 
Greene over the necessity of riding in a tourist sleeper with- 
out electric lights now congratulated themselves over their 
good fortune in being assigned to a third-class French coach 
with its uncushioned seats, instead of being put into a French 
freight car bearing the sign which has become so familiar to 
all members of the American Expeditionary Forces of "8 
Chevaux, 40 Homines." However, not all of the troops could 
so congratulate themselves, as many were required to ride in 
these freight cars. 



HisToKv OF (KiTii FiELr» Artillery Brigade 10!) 

The trip through "La lU^Ue France" was of oroal interest 
to all. It was the tirst vision of the historic iainl of the 
"frogs", as the French came to be generally called by the 
Americans. While the month of January was not a good 
time to appreciate the beauties of a country-, vet it could he 
seen that the rolling hills and highly cultivated farms must 
possess great beauty during the warmer season of the year. 
The journey from Le Havre to Bordeaux took the troops across 
nearly three-fourths of France. 

The epidemic of measles and mumps which had appeared 
in the regiment a short time before its departure from Camp 
Merritt and which had practically subsided at the time the 
regiment embarked, took on new impetus and spread with 
great rapidity over the command during the short stay at 
Camp Morn Hill and American rest camp No. 2: When the 
regiment arrived at Camp de Songe, it had left at hos])itals 
along the route of its travels 115 enlisted men and one officer. 



CHAPTER IV 



TRAINING IN FRANCE 

AT CAMP DE SOUGE 

It was iipou the 140tli field artillery that the honor of 
being the first heavy artillery regiment of the American army 
in France was destined to he bestowed. Upon its arrival at 
Gamp de Songe the regiment was informed that it had been 
converted into a motorized artillery regiment and would be 
equipped with the 155 G. P. F. gun. This was a French can- 
non of comparatively recent design, the first one having been 
manufactured in July, 1917. It weighed fourteen tons, fired 
a projectile over six inches in diameter and had a range of 
sixteen kilometers (ten miles). Thus it was that the regi- 
ment commenced training as the first American regiment to 
be equipped with this new cannon and consequently as the 
first regiment of heavy artillery in the A. E. F. 

The training which the ofdcers and men had received in 
the States with the three-inch gun was of little value in this 
new branch of artillery. In fact, most of that which had 
been learned in the field artillery had to be forgotten and en- 
tirely new methods had to be adopted and learned. No time 
was lost in taking the preparatory steps in learning how to 
maneuver and fire this new gun. The task, however, was a 
large one, as the actual use of such a cannon involves the 
work of many specialists which are not ordinarily thought of 
as being connected with artillery. In order to successfully 
function, each man must be especially trained for the work 
that he is selected to do. Of course it would have been im- 
practicable to train each man so that he could perform any 
duty in the regiment, and therefore each man had his particu- 
lar task and could not be replaced except by someone who 
had been trained for that task. Consequently, men and offi- 
cers were rushed away to specialists' schools. Some were sent 
to telephone and radio schools, others went to tractor and 
truck drivers' and mechanics' schools and others went to gas 
schools to learn means of defense against gas attacks. The 
remainder of the comnxand immediately started intensive 
training at Camp de Souge. 

Camp de Songe is located on the plains of the Gironde. 
Tall pine trees are scattered here and there and there is 
little soil mixed with the sand of these plains. The moderate 
climate of southern France was a welcome change from the 
bitter cold of Camp Mills and Camp Merritt. The various 



History of 6Gtii Field Artillkuy Hkigade 111 

tasks assij^ned to the orticcis and iiieii wcir undertaken with 
great entlnisiasm, as tlie day when they would be sending- 
over their death niessenjiers to the boehe seemed to he almost 
in sight. 

One battalicm of the 51st coast artillery corps had been 
equipped with G. P. F. gun and was undergoing training at 
Camp de Souge when the 14()th arrived. The guns of this or- 
ganization were used i)rior t<» the arrival of our own guns to 
instruct the men in the maneuvering and handling of the gun. 
One of the first lessons to be learned was making knots and 
the laying and handling of tackle, as the maneuvering of 
ropes was one of the important things in handling a <1. V. F. 
These fourteen ton "babies" were drawn throughout the war 
by a hirge French tractor on the rear of which is a cajt- 
stan. When the roads became so bad that it was imjjossible 
for the tractor to travel over them i)ulling the guns, tlie trac- 
tor alone would lie advanced 50 to 75 yards and then using 
block and tackle the gun would be advanced by means of this 
capstan run by the motor on the tractor. The use of the block 
and tackle was always necessary when going into position, 
and often at the front when passing through no man's land 
or when it was required to get off of the main-travelled high- 
ways it became necessary to resort to this slow but sure 
method of advancing the guns. 

In addition to the specialists which had been sent away 
to school, it was necessary to have other specialists and the 
work of training these was undertaken at Camp de Souge 
under the tutorship of eflticient French officers who had had 
experience at the front. All officers must know how to select 
positions, read the French battle maps from which all firing 
with the G. P. F. is done, i»re])are firing data and adjust the 
fire when observation is possible. Other officers had to be 
trained as balloon and airplane observers. Those officers who 
were selected for this latter course of work and later were 
permanently detailed as observers and their further service 
lost to the regiment were Lieutenants K. ( •. TTill, Glen A. Pres- 
ton, and William E. Lynd. 

This change from light to heavy artillery of course 
necessitated many changes in the eciuijiment. All of the har- 
ness and other horse ecpiijiment, which did not ari'ive until 
nearly a month after the arrival of the regiment, had to be 
turned in, as well as much other ecpiipment wliich had been 
obtained for use in the light artillery. The Sujijily comjiany. 
under command of C(iptain S. H. Travis, as sujiply officer, 
w^as constantly busy receiving and issuing new material and 
taking up old material and turning it in to the storage de- 
pots. Among the new e(|uipment to be received were the 
twenty-four big guns, Renault tractors and 1(5(1 White trucks. 



112 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

When these Avere received the officers and men began to feel 
that some real proQ-ress was now being made. 

When the rejiiment was formed at Camp Greene as a 
light field artillery unit, it was divided into two battalions 
of three batteries each, the first battalion being under com- 
mand of Major Clement Wilkins and the second battalion 
under command of INIajor Paul H. Weyrauch. Under the 
new tables of organization for a G. P. F. regiment it was 
divided into three battalions of two batteries each. Batter- 
ies "A" and "P>" comprised the first battalion; Batteries "C" 
and "D" the second battalion and Batteries "E" and ^'F" the 
third battalion. Captain Charles M. deBremond, who was in 
connnand of Battery ^^A" when the regiment arrived in France 
was promoted to the grade of major and placed in command 
of the first battalion. Captain Dale D. Drain, who had been 
in command of Battery ''F" was placed in command of the 2nd 
battalion and Major Paul H. Weyrauch was jjlaced in com- 
mand of the third battalion, JNIajor Wilkins having been re- 
lieved from duty with the regiment after its arrival at Camp 
de Souge and assigned to duty elsewhere. 

The stay at Camp de Souge entailed many changes in the 
personnel of officers. Colonel Williaui H. Edelblute, who had 
been in command of the regiment since its formation at Camp 
Greene and in command of the brigade for a portion of the 
time, was relieved of command on April 4th and assigned to 
other duties. Major Weyrauch, as senior field officer on duty 
with the regiment, assumed command and continued as its 
commanding officer until April 2r)th, when Lieutenant-Colonel 
LeRoy Y. Patch reported for duty after completing the course 
of instruction at the School of Fire at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. 
Many other officers were transferred to other branches of the 
service from time to time and great numbers of reserve offi- 
cers were sent from the various artillery schools to receive 
instruction with the regiment, some of whom remained with 
the regiment and whose names will be found in the roster of 
officers. 

The training of the regiment continued without interrup- 
tion through the months of February and March. The sched- 
ule covered all of the various details connected with the hand- 
ling of a heavy artillery organization, including night 
convoys and the jdacing of the guns in firing ])Ositions. 
During the latter i»art of March the officers and men who had 
been sent to the various sjiecialists schools commenced to re- 
turn and the regiment began to look once more like the origi- 
nal 146th field artillery. The training had advanced to such 
a degree that by the first of April target practice was com- 
menced. The officers conducted fire first with the French 75s 
and then they were turned loose on the G. P. F. The regi- 
ment was now having its first real test as the firing was being 



History of OGtii Field Autillery Brigade 113 

condnctcd In ils own (tHicors willi guns nnunuMl by its own 
personnel, tlio tii-in<> observed by oflHeers and men of tlie rej»i- 
ment and reported over telephone lines constrneted and main- 
tained by the regimental details. The results of the firing 
were excellent and (ieneral McGlaohlin was highly pleased 
with the tiring records and the manner in which the lire was 
conducted. The Third battalion was the first to conimeuce 
target practice and complete the same, followed in rajiid suc- 
cession by the First ami Second battalions, 

AT LI BOURNE. 

Now that the major }>orti(ni of the training had been com- 
pleted and only the minor details remained to be perfected, it 
was determined to move the regiment from Camp de Songe in 
order to make room for other organizations which were just 
arriving from the States. Organization and Training ("enter 
No. 1, was selected as the new training ground for the regi- 
ment. Consequently on April 14th the third battalion con- 
voyed overland with all of its personnel and eiiuipment to 
the town of Arveyres, about four kilometers from Libonrne. 
On April IDth, the First battalion, having comjileted its target 
practice, was also sent to the Libonrne area, being stationed at 
St. Fardim. The second battalion followed on April 2Sth, 
taking station at St. Denis de Piles. The entire regiment was 
now in the Libonrne district, the regimental headquarters, 
together with the Headquarters company, Supply company 
and the Medical and Ordnance corps, having moved to Vey- 
res on April L'Tth. The troo|)s now received a new ]>hase of 
life in France, that of living in the French houses and barns, 
which are called "billets". 

The training of the officers and men was in no way slack- 
ened by reason of this move, the work being continued in- 
tensively in an effort to get the soldiers thoroughly hardened 
for the hardships and discomforts of front line service. The 
use of the gas mask and other defensive measures against gas 
was continued with great vigor. Troops were required to 
march several kilometers each day wearing the gas mask. 
Gun crews were reipiired to ])lace the guns in positions with 
their gas masks on and stafif oilficers were required to con- 
duct their business for an hour or two each day while wearing 
the gas mask. This was far from being a pleasant training, 
but many times at the front, when it was necessary to per- 
form duties while wearing the gas mask proved that this 
training was not in vaii;. 

Another feature of the stay in the Libonrne area was the 
camouflaging of the guns. l*ainting the guns and tractors in 
irregular lines with green, yellow and brown paint gave them 
somewhat of a gay appearance, but one which blended in 



114 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

well Avitli the terrain at the front and made them more diffi- 
cult of observation by the Germans. This varied coloring of 
the material and the fact that we were moving" so much in 
the (Jihatean-Thierry sector caused the doughboys to nickname 
the regiinent the "Gypsy Outfit." 

Along with the other changes in the personnel came a 
regular army colonel to command the regiment. Colonel E. 
D. Scott arrived at Veyres on May 3, 1918, and under his di- 
rection the regiment continued its training till June 2nd, 
when he was placed in command of the brigade. It was under 
Colonel Scott's command that the brigade established its ex- 
cellent record in the second battle of the Marne, the St. 
Mihiel and the greater portion of the Meuse-Argonne opera- 
tions. 

Everyone was beginning to grow anxious for front line 
service and it was with great pride and joy that it was learned 
that General McGlachlin had reported to general headquar- 
ters that the regiment was ready for active duty at the front 
on May 1st. However, the time for active battle service had 
not yet arrived for the regiment and it was with great dis- 
appointment that orders were received on May 15th for the 
regiment to j)roceed to the vicinity of Clermont-Ferrand, Puy 
de Dome. 

Owing to the limited number of G. P. F. guns available 
for the American army the regiment was required to turn in 
all of its guns at Libourne to be used for the preliminary 
training of other American units in that district. It was with 
considerable ap])rehension that these guns were turned in, as 
it was feared that someone might make a mistake and arm 
us with rifles or picks and shovels. This apprehension was 
somewhat dispelled by the fact that we kept our tractors and 
trucks, which were loaded on French flat cars, some of which 
weighed less than the tractors themselves, for shipment to our 
new .station. Leaving Libourne by rail on May 15th the regi- 
mental section, consisting of the Supply company, Headquar- 
ters company and the Medical section and Ordnance corps, 
arrived at Martres de Veyre on May 16th. The Third battalion 
took up station in this town and the regimental section moved 
to the town of Vieyre Monton, a distance of two kilometers. 
The First battalion left Libourne on May 17th and took up 
station at St. Saturnin the following day. The Second bat- 
talion was the last to arrive in this area, reaching its station 
at St. Amand on May 18th. 

AT CLERMONT FEER ANT). 

The first work to be undertaken in these various villages 
was to ''clean up the town." With due justice to the French, 
it must be admitted that all of the male population, except 
the very young boys and the old, feeble men, had gone to war, 



History of OOth Field Artillery Brigade 115 

but it is impossible to pictui-e an.v village beiiij;- iu a filthier 
conditiou. The streets were veritable barnyards and the 
gutters ran deep with the overtiow from steaming piles of 
manure, which marked the entrance to nearly every home. 
Cows, chickens, pigs and horses roamed about the village 
squares at will. The billets for the men were quaint, ancient 
stone and plaster houses and, in many cases, old rickety barns, 
where the men had to climb one or two ladders to a dust^' 
haymow. Several days were spent exclusively sweeping the 
streets and yards and hauling away the rubbish and dirt un- 
til the villages presented a clean and healthy appearance. This 
work of policing was watched by the natives with great in- 
terest, while they clackety-clacked through the streets with 
their wooden shoes, the shape of small towboats, ''Les Aineri 
cans" were certainly a fussy people! 

The particular mission of the regiment in this area was 
to instruct the Sath and 5oth regiments of coast artillery, 
which wiere being ecpiipped with the G. P, F. This instruc- 
tion work was begun on May 31st. The 31st Hea\'y Artillery 
brigade, which these two regiments composed, was com- 
manded by Brigadier (Jeneral Gatchell. Many of the large 
Renault tractors were loaned to these organizations and many 
officers and men were detailed to instruct their personnel in 
the use of these tractors and iu the maneuvering and handling 
of the G. P. F. gun. Organization and Tl'aining Center No. 
3 had been established at Clermont-Ferrand, and other officers 
and men were detailed to it as instructors for specialists such 
as telephone, radio and signal men, automobile and tractor 
mechanics and drivers. 

After the intensive training at Camp de Souge and Li- 
bourne only the polishing oft' work remained to be done. In 
addition to the prescribed training, which covered all phases 
of the work of an artilleryman, many tactical problems were 
performed. Gun positions were selected and occupied, ob- 
servation i)Osts established and manned, radio stations set 
up and messages received and transmitted, complete telephone 
communications established and used, firing data computed 
on numerous targets. In other words, all of the work was 
done as it w^ould be done at the front, except firing the gun. 
However, the surrounding conditions were somewhat differ- 
ent as the work was performed in the warm sunshine of the 
months of May and June in the French mountains of Puy 
de Dome, or under the silvery moonlight of the pleasant 
nights instead of }>erforming it under the constant rain of 
shrapnel or bursting high explosive or gas shells and the dark- 
ness of many stormy fall nights in northern France. 

Captain Drain was transferred as one of the instructors 
at the O. & T. Center No. 3, and Captain William S. Pettit 
was placed in command of the Second battalion of which he 



110 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

retained ooiimiaud until tlie closing days of the Meuse-Ar- 
gonne operations Avlien he was evacuated to a hospital with 
pneumonia, which caused his death. The field officers of the 
regiment were sent for ten-day trips to the front for observa- 
tion of actual battle conditions. Lieutenant Colonel Tatch 
and Major Weyrauch were sent on June 12th to the 2'6th di- 
vision and upon their return Major de Uremond was sent on 
June 23rd to the 40th French artillery corps. 

The excellent training which the men had received and to 
which they had so well responded, created a very favorable 
impression on the officers and men of the 31st brigade. The 
brigade commander several times expressed the hope that his 
two regiments would reach the high state of efficiency that was 
displayed by the llGth. The soldierly appearance of the men 
and the smartness with wliich they saluted so pleased him that 
after returning from his visit to the Third battalion he 
issued an order excusing the regiment from all saluting drills 
and urging the two regiments of his brigade to reach the 
standard as exemplified by the llGth field artillery. In ac- 
cordance with this order the regimental commander issued 
the following : 

"Headquarters 146th Field Artillery, 
General Order A. E. F., May 19, 1918. 

No. 5 

1, On May 18th this command was visited by General 
Gatchell, commander of the 31st artillery brigade and the 
American troops in this district. He expressed himself as 
greatly pleased with the alert and soldierly appearance of the 
men of the 3rd battalion at Martres and those about head- 
quarters at Veyre, commenting particularly on the fact that 
of the many he passed not a single one failed to salute and 
that all salutes were so very smart. The other battalions 
were not visited. On being assured that similar conditions 
obtained in them, the general directed that this regiment 
would be excused from complying with paragraphs 4 and 5 
of G. O. 6, 31st H. A. B., dated May 8, 1918, which reads as 
follows : 

'Twenty minutes each day will be devoted to personal in- 
struction of enlisted men in regard to honors, salutes, military 
courtesy and proper uniform. This instruction will be under 
the immediate supervision of an officer. All organizations 
are included and no detachment will be excused. This in- 
cludes O. and T. C. detachments, quartermaster laborers, 
bakery detachments, ordnance detachments, engineers, medi- 
cal and military police. 

This instruction will be carried on daily, except Sunday 
until each separate organization or detachment has been noti- 
fied by the commanding general that they are excused. The 



HiSTOUY OF GGth Field Artillery Brigade 117 

duration of this instruction will depend entirely on the actual 
demonstration by the members of each organization, of their 
knowledge of the provisions of all orders in regard to salutes, 
uniform, etc' 

2. The regimental coinniaiidor desires to express his jileas- 
ure at the very favorable impression already created by the 
regiment through the behavior of its personnel. He believes 
that this is but the first of the indications that will cause 
this regiment to be considered second to none in Ihe service. 

By order of Colonel Scott, 

C. H. DUVAL, Captain 146th Field Artillery, Adjutant." 

A large celebration was held in Clermont-Ferrand to 
(•ommenioi-atc the indejiendeiice of the United States, and it 
was the good fortune of this regiment to be able to participate 
in this Fourth of July celebration. This day proved to be a 
most memorable day in the life of the regiment, as orders 
were received in the afternoon directing the regiment to pro- 
ceed to Trilport, France, in the zone of advance. Great ex- 
citement prevailed throughout the command, for now the regi- 
ment was going to do that for which it had trained for many 
weary months. All excess equipment was hastily turned in, 
the men taking with them only one uniform, two suits of un- 
derclothing and other light field equipment. The baggage 
which officers might carry was also limited and all excess had 
to be stored. 

In order to secure a satisfactory loading place for the 
heavy tractors and trucks it was necessary to convoy to 
Tssoire, a distance of about twenty kilometers. It was on 
July 6th that the first portion of the regiment left for the 
front lines, consisting of the regimental section and the 
second battalion. The first and third battalions left the fol- 
lowing day, and thus the 146th field artillery was on its way 
to become one of Uncle Sam's fighting units. 



CHAPTER V 



SECOND BATTLE OF THE MARNE 

OAving' to the heavy air raids on the railroads in the vicin- 
ity of Trilport, it became necessary to change the detraining 
point of the regiment. It was in the afternoon of July 7th 
that the first section of the regiment arrived at Meanx. By 
midnight the detraining had been completed and the regi- 
mental section and the Second battalion were on their way 
by convoy to Iverny for temporary station, a distance of eight 
kilometers. On the following day the First and Third battal- 
ions arrived at Lizy-sur^Ourcq, at which point they detrained, 
the Third battalion proceeding by convoy to Douy-la-Ramee 
and the First battalion to Chambry. These towns were too 
far from the front for the men to hear the roar of the can- 
non, except an occasional rumble like that of distant thunder, 
but there was something in the atmosphere, something in the 
movement of those with whom we came in contact, to cause 
one to sense the near presence of the destinies of battle. It 
was with minds filled with anticipation that the men crawled 
into their shelter tents for their first night's rest in the 
zone of advance. 

Our guns, which had been left at Libourne when the regi- 
ment went to Clermont-Ferrand, had been ship])ed to the 
front and were awaiting us at the small village of Chambry, 
north of the Ourcq river. No time was lost in taking over 
these guns and their equipment, and on the morning of the 9th 
each battalion was being hastily re-equipped and making prep- 
arations to proceed to tlie line. Owing to the fact that some of 
the materiel had been broken and left behind it was not possi- 
ble to fully equip at once the h>econd and Third battalions. Al- 
though somewhat handicapped by this shortage of equipment 
these battalions took their guns and immediately went into 
action. 

The desire of the officers and men to get to the actual 
front was not long to be delayed, as on July 8th, before draw- 
ing its equipment the Second battalion received orders attach- 
ing it to the Gth French arm^- and it was directed to proceed 
the following day to station at Orley, south of Chateau- 
Thierry. The other battalions soon followed, the Third bat- 
talion convoying on July 10th to firing positions near Villers- 
sur-Marne find the First battalion proceeding to Montreuil- 
aux-Lions on the 11th, where it placed its guns in firing posi- 
tions. The regimental section convoyed from Iverny on July 
13th, the echelon being established at Chamignj- and the Op- 



History op 66tii Fikld Aktillkhy Brigade 110 

erations section establishing its headcjua iters at Genevrois 
Farme. 

These days and nijihts of occupyin<>- positions and the 
days Avhich foHowed wci-e days of excileiiient for all. The 
convoys ninst be made at night over roads which were 
only known to onr men and officers by the French ma])s 
which had been handed them on arrival at the detraining 
point. Of course, no lights conld be nsed and it wonld indeed 
be interesting if it was possible to describe the mixed feeling 
of excitement and interest of these men, approaching the front 
lines as they passed over these roads congested with long con- 
voys of gnus and ammnnitioii going forward and ambulances 
bringing back the wonnded. The explosions of the cannon, 
the whizzing of the many projectiles as they flew through the 
air, the "])oj)"' of the bursting shells could now be constantly 
heard. The flash of the cannon and the light of the bursting 
signal rockets of all hues kept getting nearer, but we were 
always approaching and never arriving at the point where 
these things occurred. What was the front line like? All 
had tried to vizualize it from the descriptions in newspa])ers 
and magazines. Was there any danger of getting the wrong 
road and driving into the German lines? Would there be 
guards stationed along the road to ]»revent us fi-oni driving 
into captivity? All of these thoughts flashed through tlie 
minds of everyone on this, their first trip to the front. But, 
when we arrived at our gun positions we seemed to be still 
as far from the trenches as we had been for several hours 
while traveling along the road. We soon learned that it was 
not to be our fortune to revel in hand-to-hand conflicts with 
the enemy or to charge his trenches, but that v.e must be 
content to destroy and demoralize the enemy with our largo 
shells so that the doughboys could do these things with the 
greatest" efficiency and with the least loss of life possible. 

Daybreak of the morning following the de})artui-e of each 
unit from its station in the front line areas found each gun 
under the shadow of a tree or a camouflage net constructed to 
obstruct the view of the enemy planes, and most of them ready 
for firing. The convoys had been made in excellent time over 
a distance of fifty to seventy -five kilometers. 

Everything was immediately put in readiness foi' active 
participation in the battle. Great numbers of trucks were 
sent to the amnmnition dunii)s to obtain larger sui)})lies of 
anununition. 0\ving to the lack of assurance on the part of 
the French as to their ability to stop the im]>ending attack 
of the Germans these dumi)s were far in rear of the lines, some 
of them being 75 kilometers for G. 1'. F. ammunition. The 
trucks were on the road day and night trying to rush up the 
food for our cannons. 



120 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

The privilege of firing the first shot fell to the lot of the 
2nd battalion on Jnly 11th. Observation of the firing was 
possible and the target was bracketed by Battery "D" in four 
rounds and by Battery -'C" in nine. On the following day the 
Third battalion opened fire. Battery ''E'' adjusting fire on 
Blanchard Farm, which was hit on the third round, and Bat- 
tery "F" adjusting on Picardy Fann. The First battalion was 
given the privilege of sending its first six-inch shell into the 
territory occupied by the Germans on July 13. 

Little was known by the officers and men of the regiment 
as to the impending plan of campaign, but all were content 
with the thought that they were now actually in combat with 
the enemy and with the knowledge that they were ready to 
give their last drop of blood to bring success to the Allies. 
It was coimnonly known that the Germans contemplated an 
attack, but just where the attack was likely to fall and what 
part we were to play in the meeting was not known. The 
numerous orders of fire which came in from day to day were 
received and carried out with dispatch and witliout question. 
Neither was it known by our officers and men that the great 
Allied offensive, which marked the beginning of our march to 
victory, commenced on the 18th of July. It was sufficient to 
know that many tons of steel were being sent forth each day 
and night by our big' guns and that the reports indicated 
that they were exacting a large toll of German soldiers. It 
will not be attempted in the liistory of this regiment to re- 
count the various jdans of battle of a defensive and offensive 
nature, but it aatII be left to the writer of the brigade history 
to relate these matters of a technical nature. 

The days following the occupation of positions were in- 
deed exciting ones for the officers and men alike. All were 
new at the game and were greatly concerned for fear some 
mistake might be made which would be costly to our friends 
and would be of profit to the enemy. Men were worked by 
shifts, their tour of duly during a twenty-four hour period 
being often sixteen hours or more. Officers worked without 
regard of sleep or meals, many officers going the first five 
days without removing: their boots and catching cat-naps of 
a few minutes while leaning over a table or sitting in a chair 
during a lull in the operations. Thus it was that all put 
forth their heroic efforts in a S])irit of "do or die." 

When the German attack finally arrived on July 15th it 
was directed in the vicinity of Ghateau-Thierry. The direction 
of all guns in the Third battalion were shifted on that day so 
as to enable them to fire on Ghateau-Thierry and south of the 
Marne in the event the enemy succeeded in crossing the Alarne 
in any numbers. In this the enemy was successful in only a 
few ])laces and in each instance he was soon repulsed by our 
infantry and machine gunners assisted by incessant artillery 



History of (>6tii Field Aktilleuy Brigade 121 

fire. The fullowinji; day the guiit< were sliifted back to their 
former positioiis, j)reparatory to assistiuj; in the Allied offen- 
sive which was soon to begin. The work of the French and 
Americans in repnlsing the German attack of .Inly 15th. IGth 
and 17th will be a bright chapter in the history of these na- 
tions and it will be a lasting satisfaction to the men of this 
regiment to know that the shells which they sent over and 
those sent over by the llSth field artillery contributed in no 
small way to this success. 

The first great day for the regiment was the ISth day of 
Julj^, when the big offensive was launched which resulted in 
the driving back of the enemy from the Chateau-Thierry sec- 
tor. From the moment the offensive tiring began at 1:30 
in the morning until the regiment was ordered from the sector 
on August 11th there was little rest for men or officers. It 
was a case of "stand by the guns" day and night. On that 
eventful first day of the offensive the good tidings commenced 
to come in of the driving back of the enemy. At about 9 
o'clock, it was reported that the Germans had retreated ten 
kilometers, which was followed by reports of the further ad- 
vance of our troops. On this day and succeeding days re- 
ports w^ould be received of the enemy checking our advance, 
but no one doubted for a moment that it would be only a 
short time until our guns could give him more steel and until 
reinforcements could be sent to our infantry. 

At the time of entering the line the regiment was far be- 
low its authorized strength and at no time during active op- 
erations did it come near having its full complement of offi- 
cers and men. The receipt of 139 replacements on July 11th 
was welcomed by all, as this enabled the battery commanders 
to reduce the number of hours which each soldier was com- 
pelled to be on duty. 

The matter of replacement of officers seemed to be worked 
in the inverse ratio to that of the men until nearly the end 
of the Meuse-Argonne operations. The regiment was called 
upon each week or ten days to send back officers to act as in- 
structors in the United States, but no officers were sent to 
the regiment to replace them. The first officers to leave the 
regiment for return to the States as instructors were 1st 
Lieutenant Scott P. Hart and 2nd Lieutenant Archibald Mac- 
Lei sh. 

During the first days of the Champagne-Marne de- 
fensive and the Aisne-Marne offensive, which are po])ularly 
called the 2nd Battle of the Marne, there was heavy enemy 
artillery fire including a strong attemi)t to bombard La Ferte- 
sous-Jouarre, where several large headquarters were located, 
including the headquarters of tlie 1st army corps. This bom- 
bardment was accomplished with the large, long range gun, 
which was afterwards captured in the Bois de Chatelet. The 



122 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

German airmen were also very active both day and nijiht, 
clearly having the supremacy of the air during the day and at 
nights the bombing planes would traverse the valley of the 
Marne, dropping bombs in large numbers on Le Ferte, Meaux 
and other points along the railroad. On the evening of July 
llth a large bomb was dropped on the station at La Ferte, 
only a couple of hours after the departure of Lieutenants 
Hart and MacLeish, which totally delnolished the station, 
killing several people. 

One of the most difficult problems for an artillery organ- 
ization in this war is the supplying of ammunition. Being 
the first heavy artillery unit of the American army in the 
field the method of handling the ammunition supply had not 
been gained from practical experience. Therefore, being the 
pioneers it was necessary for our organization to experiment. 
Consequently, on July 17th a brigade ammunition train was 
organized under the charge of 1st Lieutenant Edward J. 
Robins. There was assigned from each battery sixteen trucks, 
fifty-six men and one officer from each battalion. Headquar- 
ters Avere established along the Chateau-Thierry-Paris road 
and the ammunition was hauled from the dumps some sixty 
kilometers away to the brigade dump, where it was hauled 
to the gun positions by the various units. It was not long, 
however, until it was found that this method was not satis- 
factory and caused a duplication of work, so that the brigade 
ammunition train was soon abolished. At this time each bat- 
talion organized its ammunition train, and continued to 
operate in this manner until the end of hostilities. The bri- 
gade ammunition officer was retained to secure the allotment 
of ammunition for each regiment and to ascertain the dumps 
from which this ammunition could be obtained. 

The German attack of July 15th having been successfully 
stopped, the plans for an otfensive which had been worked 
out by the Allied generals was put into operation on the 
morning of July 18th. The offensive firing was begun at 4 :30 
A. M., our guns being very active in the artillery prepara- 
tion preceding the infantry attack and laying down C. P. O.'s 
(counter preparation offensives) whenever the Germans at- 
tempted to make a counter attack. Along with the reports 
confirming the retreat of the Germans came orders to advance 
the guns of the regiment. During the night of July 18th-19th, 
two guns of the 1st battalion were advanced to positions at 
]\Jontigny I'Allier and the guns of "E" battery took positions 
one kilometer south of Coupru. Battery "C", which was still 
serving with the French army south of the ]\Iarne, advanced 
to La. Roche, a few kilometers directly south of Chateau-Thi- 
erry. The Gernmn retreat continued and the guns of Battery 
"A" were advanced the following day to Torcy, and those of 
Battery "B' to positions one kilometer west of Etrepill}'. The 



History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 123 

First battalion P. C. moved to Torey. The enemy >vas being 
driven back so rai)idly that ofttimes positions were scarcely 
ocen{)ied before orders were received to j»roceed to fnrther ad- 
vanced points. 

On July 20th the guns of the First battalion were again 
advanced to positions near Epaux-Bezu, "A'' battery being lo- 
cated two kilometers west of the town and Battery "B'' two 
kilometers east of the town. On the same day the guns of the 
3d battalion were advanced, going further east and taking up 
positions about three kilometers north of Chateau-Thierry on 
the Soissons road, the battalion P. C. being established at 
Forsoy Farm. On the following day, the 21st of .July, the 2nd 
battalion Avas returned to the regiment from the 6th French 
army and the guns of Battery *'D'' were placed in position 
near Etrepilly. 

These advances by the various battalions necessitated the 
advance of the regimental P. C, which was established on July 
21st at Laconnois Farm, a short distance in the rear of the 
3rd battalion P. C. 

The casualties of the regiment during the operations in 
this sector were not destined to be very heavy, as the Ger- 
mans were driven back with such rapidity that their artillei'y 
could not be stabilized long enough for much tiring of a 
counter battery nature to be done. The tirst casualties to oc- 
cur in the regiment were in the 2nd battalion at the time it 
was serving with the French when a large shell struck in the 
midst of a group of men serving a gun, killing and wounding 
several men. These casualties were followed by f»thers from 
time to time, but it is impossible to record at this time each 
casualty as it occurred. The next calamity Avhich the regi- 
ment was to suffer occurred on July 10th when one of the 
guns of "E" battery prematurely exploded, killing one man 
and injuring several others. The breech-block of the gun was 
broken off and the gun was out of action for about ten days 
until it could be convoyed to the Puteau factory near Paris 
and another tube mounted on the chassis of the gun. 

The time for the regiment to furnish more officers to re- 
turn to the States had arrived and on July 21st Lieutenant 
William A. Campbell was started on his journey back to the 
country which we were all longing to see. He was soon fol- 
lowed bv 2nd Lieutenant Frank Harrison, who left on Julv 
28th. ' I , • .,i fji'sl 

The Germans were not given a moment for recuperating 
but were given their first demonstration of the American 
fighting spirit, that of incessant pounding. Tlie constant ad- 
vance of our line necessitated the continued adv.-mce of our 
guns. The next jump was taken on July 27th when the guns 
of the regiment were advanced to i)Ositions in the vicinity of 
Bezu St. Germain. The *'F" battery guns were stationed in 



124 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

the edge of the town, and the guns of "E" battery placed in a 
graveyard east of the town, which had been plowed np by the 
fire of these same guns only two or three days previously. The 
guns of Batteries ''A", "B", ''C" and "D'' were placed in firing 
position along the road extending from Epieds to Mouche- 
ton Chateau. It was while in these battery positions that one 
of the guns of Battery "D'' exploded, killing tv/o men and 
wounding many others. The men who were killed were buried 
a short distance from the guns and the chaplain erected 
crosses over their graves and built a wire fence about them. 
The death of these men from the gun explosions and all of 
those who had previously been killed by the enemy shell fire 
was a revelation of war and its horrors to the men of the 
regiment. The sight of the trains of ambulances rushing their 
wounded to the hospitals; the sight of the wounded men, cut 
and torn by the enemy shells, being unloaded at the hastily 
constructed field hospitals, and the horrible view of American 
soldiers lying on the battle fields under death's unrelinquish- 
ing grip, filled the men with the fighting spirit of warriors. 
The death of a man's chum, his friend and bunkie overpowers 
him with the desire to fight to the bitter end and kill those 
enemies of mankind who had brought on this horrible war. 
There had been no lack of determination on the part of the 
men as to their part in the struggle up to this time and the 
conditions they were now working under did not lessen this 
determination, but rather filled them with the unflinching 
desire to do their utmost. 

Owing to the great advances made by the Huns it became 
necessary for the echelon, from Avhich all administrative 
matters were handled and supplies furnished to the battalions, 
to move to more advanced positions. The first advance of the 
regimental echelon was on July 21st to Montreuil, followed by 
a further change on July 25th to the little village of La Thio- 
let, a short distance east of Vaux, the taking of which town 
cost so many American lives in the first days of this offen- 
sive. 

Very little firing was done by the batteries from their 
positions at Bezu St. Germain, as the enemy Avas rapidly re- 
treating, and on the day following the occupation of these 
positions most of the g^uns were again advanced to Beuvardes. 
It was between Bteuvardes and Fere-en-Tardenois that the 
enemy offered strenuous resistance and attempted to stabilize 
their line. Their resistance was costing many American lives 
and thousands of wounded men. The roads were crowded day 
and night with ambulances carrying the Avounded to the hos- 
pitals and returning to the front for more. In fact the num- 
ber of wounded was so great that the ambulance accommoda- 
tions were insufiicient to haul them away, and it was a com- 
mon sight to see great numbers of large, heavv trucks hauling 



History op OGtii Field Artillery Brigade 125 

back loads of wounded men. When the advance j)arties of the 
regiment arrived at IleuviU'des the (Jermans liad been out of 
town only a short lime. In fact, the town had only been taken 
after being subjected to a heavy artillery tire, and those who 
first entered the town will never forget the horrible scenes of 
the dead which cluttered the streets and the entrances to 
many buildings where these warriors of our enemy had 
crawled to take their last breath. 

The positions at lieuvardes were occu]»ied for several 
days, the next advance not being made until August Htli. On 
this day a very substantial advance was made to positions far 
north of Fere-en-Tardenois. The 2nd and 3d battalions oc- 
cupi(M] ])ositions near the town of Mareiul-en-Dole, the bat- 
talion P. r.'s being established in the town. The first bat- 
talion placed its guns near Lhuys. The regimental P. (\ was 
advanced at the same time to rhery-Chartreuve, but, owing 
to the heavy bond)ardnient of the (Jermans, it was nutved the 
following day to Mottin Farm. The echelon of the regiment 
had made successive advances, moving on July 20th from Le 
Thiolet to Bezuet and on August 4th to Beuvardelle, one kilo- 
meter west of Beuvardes. 

During these latter days of July and the early part of 
August further changes took ])lace in the personnel of oflScers. 
1st Lieutenant Samuel C. Webb was evacuated to a hospital 
with pneumonia; 2nd Lieutenant Reginald C. Foster was 
transferred to the headquarters of the first army corps and on 
August 0th, 2nd Lieutenant George G. B. Kelly was returned 
to the States as an instructor. On August 7th INIajor l*aul H. 
Weyrauch also started to the United States as an instructor, 
but prior to his departure from Brest he received orders to 
return to his organization. 

From the advanced positions at Mareuil and Lhuys the 
guns were firing north and south of the Yesle River and were 
constantly used to silence the German batteries, to aid the 
infantry in their attacks and to halt the counter attacks of the 
enemy. These |>ositions were retained by our guns until the 
regiment was withdrawn from the front on August 13th, the 
higher authorities having decided to cease the offensive on this 
front and attack the enemy in another sector. Consequently 
all firing by the regiment was stopped on August 11th and 
on August 13th, it was assembled in the Bois de Chatelet, 
near Brecy. 

The regiment had been widely scattered over the front 
during the defensive and ott'ensive ojjerations and this was the 
first tiuu^ the regiment had been together since leaving the 
training area at Glermont-Ferrand. 

The iiext two days in this beautiful French Avood were 
used in cleaning and repairing materiel and on August IGth 
the regiment convoyed to A'illers-sur-Marne, establishing its 



126 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

headquarters in the old chateau at that place. The efforts of 
the men were directed at this station to the further cleaning 
and repairing of the materiel and preparing it for a long con- 
voy to another sector of the front. 

Finally on August 20th the regiment started for the St. 
Mihiel sector in convoy with the entire brigade. This was 
indeed a long journey, covering a greater distance than had 
ever been previously undertaken by any unit in the American 
army. However, it was one filled with much pleasure, as the 
August days Avere delightful while traveling through a beauti- 
ful section of France and one which had not been devastated 
by the fortunes of war. The first stop on this convoy was 
made at Montmirail, a distance of only thirty-three kilometers. 
The men bivouacked for the night under the large trees which 
lined both sides of the beautiful, broad old highway, and many 
of them slept in the open, without pitching their tents. 

The march was resumed the following morning at 6 
o'clock, and after traveling a distance of sixty-six kilometers 
the second night's stop was made at Arcis-sur-Aube, arriving 
early in the afternoon. Most of the command rushed to the 
Aube river, which was soon filled with many swimmers. The 
following day, August 22nd, the regiment covered a distance 
of fifty-five kilometers, again bivouacking near the town of 
Tremilly. This town was only a short distance from the 
next station where the regiment was supposed to remain for 
some time, so on August 23d the regiment went to several 
small towns in the vicinity of Doulevant-le-Chateau, the 
regimental section and batteries "A", ''■B'' and "O" going to 
Dommartin and the 2nd battalion going to Brandecourt. The 
3d battalion and batteries ''E'' and "F" took station at Doule- 
vant. 

Evidently the jilan of campaign Avas changed, as after two 
days' stop in these tOAvns orders were received for the regi- 
ment to continue the march to the St. Mihiel salient. We were 
again nearing the line of the enemy and after leaving the 
village of Chancenary on August 26th it became necessary to 
do all traveling under cover of darkness in order that the en- 
emy might not become advised of the concentration of troops 
and particularly of artillery, in this sector. 

Leaving Chancenary at 8 P. M., the regiment arrived 
at Rumont at 2:00 A. M., on the morning of August 27th, after 
traveling a distance of thirty-five kilometers. The troops were 
permitted to sleep during the day and at 6:30 P. M. the march 
was resumed. The headcjuarters of the regiment arrived at 
Ancemont at 10:30 P. M., and the 1st, and 3rd battalions 
arrived at about the same time in the Boise-de-Souilly, where 
they bivouacked until firing positions could be selected and oc- 
cupied in the St. Mihiel sector. 



HlSTf)UV OF (KItII FlKLIi A UTl I.LKK V HltlGADE 127 

During the early (lavs of August many changes had oc- 
curred in the personnel of the regiment, manv men being 
evacuated to the hospitals and olticeis going to the states and 
re-assignments made of those left in the regiment. Major 
Charles M. de Bremond and 2nd Lieutenant James J. Jack- 
son and 1st Lieutenant ^Valter H. (ileason were sent to the 
states as instructors and 1st Lieutenant Donald (\ Oliphant 
and 1st Lieutenant Henry B. Sellers of the Ordaance cori)S 
were attached to the regiment on August 13th. 

Thus the regiment had, since July 7th, completed its par- 
ticijjation in the first two larger operations of the Amei'icaii 
army; had convoyed overland a distance of 270 kilometers and 
on August 2Sth was ready to take up the task of assisting in 
the St. Mihiel oftensive. 



CHAPTER VI 



ST. MIHIEL OFFENSIVE 

The country and snrroiindings in the St. Mihiel sector 
was a welcome change from the fields which had been the 
scenes of the Second Battle of the Marne, filled with in- 
numerable dead horses and men, and plowed up with the in- 
tensive artillery fire. This country, which was to be the 
scene of our next operation, was heavily wooded and very 
rolling and rugged. It had long since ceased to be an active 
sector and owing to the strong fortifications it appeared that 
both the Germans and the Allies had given it up as an effec- 
tive point for an offensive operation. It had, in fact, become 
more or less of a rest sector for tro()]»s who had been actively 
engaged on other parts of the line. 

Whether a definite date had been set for the commence- 
ment of the offensive we did not know, but no time was lost 
in selecting and occupying positions and getting ready for our 
part in the show. On August 3(lth the operations section of 
the regiment established its headcpiarters in Sommedieue and 
on the same night the first battalion moved its guns into 
position eight kilometers northeast of this toAvn. On the fol- 
lowing night the third battalion moved its guns into position 
about three kilometers north of those occupied by the first 
battalion, and on September first the second battalion placed 
its guns in position about five kilometers northeast of Eiipt- 
en-Woevre. 

The call which came at this time for officers to be sent to 
the States to instruct the ever increasing army was a large 
one, the list including Captain Edward H. Prell, First Lieu- 
tenants Edmund B. Shea, William A. Laird and Elbert N. 
Webster and Second Lieutenants Alexander Beck, Warren 
Ilayford, Harold W. Stadler, Dolph Barnett, George C. Caner 
and Hugh M. Jones. This loss of officers was increased by the 
assignment to other organizations of 1st Lieutenants Bruce C. 
Leiser, George C. McMartin and Mervin G. McConnell. These 
changes occurred on the 31st jof August. On the 15th of Sep- 
tember orders were received commissioning as captains. First 
Lieutenants James W. Porter, Edwin T. Powell, Frank R. 
Jeffrey and Harry A. Wells, with rank from August 16th. 
These promotions were followed by one for First Lieutenant 
Edward J. Bobins to the grade of ('a]»tain with rank from 
September 9th. Gaptain Dale D. Drain, wlio had been left at 
Clermont-Ferrand as an instructor at the organization and 
training center was reassigned, and rejiorted for duty on Sep- 



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History of ()()Tii Fii:li> Artillery Brigade 129 

tember 11th, and on September 20th orders were received pro- 
moting him to the grade of major. 

These tirst days of September were busy ones, making 
preparations for the offensive. It was the first offensive for 
the Americans to conduct independent of French control. Tlie 
j)lan of attack was cluinged several times and as a consequence 
new ])ositions had to be selected by several batteries. Some 
of the batteries occupied as many as three different tiring posi- 
tions and selecting as many as five. The fall weather in these 
dense French forests was ideal, and the delay in commencing 
the operation was not at all unwelcome, as it afforded our 
men a breathing spell after the arduous days in the Chateau- 
Thierry sector. It is a difficult task, however, under any con- 
ditions, to stand by a large cannon Avitli plentv of shells be- 
hind you and great nmnbers of the enemy in front of you and 
not be able to at least do a little target jn'actice. It was with 
great satisfaction when the orders finally arrived on Septem- 
ber 11th to cut the trees in front of the guns in order to com- 
mence firing on the following morning. The hour set for the 
artillery preparation for this offensive was one o'clock in the 
morning on September 12th. Watches were synchronized and 
on the second that the hands indicated that the appointed 
hour had arrived the woods along either side of the salient 
belched forth a fusillade of shells until it seemed that the 
woods were alive with nothing but artillery of all calibres. 
For the first time the regiment used gas shells and it was with 
a quiet satisfaction that the men rammed these projectiles 
filled with poisonous gases and sent them forth on their mis- 
sion into the boclie lines. 

The artillery pi-eparation was followed before dawn had 
scarcely arrived by the infantry attack, su])ported by French 
and American tanks. By midday it was unnecessary to in- 
quire as to the success of the attack, as prisoners commenced 
to pass our gun positions in great numbers. It was a peculiar 
sight to see several hundred ])risoners marching down the 
road with one sentinel in advance leading the way and one 
sentinel in the rear to keep the prisoners in column. 

The achievement of the American army in this, its first 
offensive, and its success in reaching its objective within 
twenty-seven hours after commencing tlie attack will be one of 
the bright chapters of the accomjtlishments of the American 
Expeditionary Forces in this great woi-ld war. The part which 
one regiment plays in such a gigantic affair is in itself very 
small when compared to the whole, but nevertheless the work 
of each unit, however small, is an essential part of the entire 
scheme. It is one of the links in the chain whicli proclaims 
victory, and if one of the links should hapi)en to break, the 
result might be entirely clianged. It will not be attemjited to 
recount the various targets upon which the regiment fired nor 



130 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

the method of expeudiiig ammuiiition in order to destroy the 
enemy, cut off his lines of communication and prevent his re- 
treat, but it is sufficient to know that the task which was as- 
signed this regiment was fully and effectively fulfilled. The 
taking of 13,000 prisoners speakKS most audibly for the success 
ful manner in which the retreat of the Germans from the 
southern portion of the salient was cut off by the constant 
artillery fire, and thus hemlned in, it remained for the in- 
fantry to make them captives, which was most effectively done. 

Owing to the length of time which the regiment had to 
prepare for this offensive the telephone communication to all 
branches of the attacking army which was in any way allied 
with the artillery was probably more comitlete than at any 
other time during the war. One battalion alone, which had 
been designated as the unit to take under lire fugitive targets 
reported by airplanes and balloons, laid more than sixty-five 
kilometers of telephone wire. These wires connected the bat- 
talion and battery posts of command with three balloons, 
three S. R. O. T.'s and two observation posts in addition to two 
direct lines to the regimental post of command. The neces- 
sity for such extensive telephone communication is shown 
by the fact that while this particular battalion had seven 
different ways of communicating with the regimental P. C, 
yet there were times when it was impossible to obtain com- 
munication between these two units owing to the shell fire of 
the enemy and grounded wires. Telephone details were kept 
constantly at work repairing and rebuilding lines where they 
had been destroyed by the shell fire of the enemy, 

Owing to the long range of our guns and wide field of fire 
it was possible for firing on fugitive targets and the harassing 
of towns in the back areas to be continued without changing 
their positions until the 15th of September. At this time or- 
ders were received to retire to the echelon in the Bois de 
Souilly, from which point the regiment was to proceed to the 
front north of Yerdun. On this day the sad news was re- 
ceived that Lieutenant Ra}lmond C. Hill, who had been as- 
signed as an aerial observer from the regiment, had been killed 
by an explosive bullet from an enemy plane while taking photo- 
graphs over Metz. 

On Sei)tember ISth the regiment proceeded under orders 
to the Bois de Sivry, establishing its headquarters in Bier- 
court, a small village at the edge of the woods. However, the 
regiment was not destined to remain at this station very long 
before again entering the line to assist in the Meuse-Argonne 
operations, which was the beginning of the end of German 
militarism. 



CHAPTER VII 



MEUSE-ARGONNE OPERATIONS 

Before the completion of the operations in the St. ^Nfihiel 
salient ])lans were in ]»ro<iress b.v the hij»li conimand for the 
j»reat offensive which is now ofliciallv known as the Mense- 
Arconne offensive, which was the final bloAv that sonnded the 
death knell to (lernian victory and finally cnlminated in the 
signino- of the armistice on NoveSnber 11th. 

The resiiment had been in the ]>ois de Sivrv for only two 
days when orders were received for it to occnpy positions pre- 
paratory to this offensive, so on September 2()th, nnder cover 
of darkness, the battalions j^roceeded to gun ])Ositions which 
had been selected near the front line. The positions occupied 
were northeast of Yerdnn, in and near the town of ^Nfarre. 
This little villajie. like most of those in the path of the ^lense- 
Arfjonne cam])aiiin, was a villajie in name only, having been 
converted by the intensive artillery fire to mei-e ]iiles of stone. 
On account of the oi'eat quantity of artillery which was massed 
for this offensive and because of the many run down roads, 
which made a great many possible gun positions inaccessible, 
it was necessary to change the formation of the regiment and 
consolidate the batteries into two battalions. Tn conformity 
with tliis plan IJatteries '*A", "r"" and "I>" were grouped under 
the command of Captain William IT. Pettit, and P.atteries "P.", 
"E" and "F" were grouped under the command of Major Paul 
H. Weyrauch, and the 2nd battalion headquarters was tem- 
l)orarily discarded. The batteries in the Weyrauch group were 
stationed along the road near Marre and the three batteries of 
the I*ettit grouj) were in position in the ravine south of the 
old Fort de ]\Iarre. 

The regimental i)ost of command was established on Sep- 
tember 20th at Germouville, which two days later was the 
scene of the death of many American infantrymen while pre- 
paring to go into the line. A concentration of enemy shells 
striking in their midst struck them down in large numbers and 
the hand grenades Avhich they carried in their hands and belts 
exploded, cutting their bodies into a thousand jdeces. 

The stage having been fully prepared and all of the actors 
being in their proper plac<'s. the show oi^ened on Sei»tendier 
2r)th. at 11::^() V. M., with the heaviest concentration of ar- 
tillery fire that had been known in this war. Watches had 
been synchronized and at exactly 11 :30 all of the heavy guns 
spoke Avith one acclaim until the earth fairly shock with the 
jar of their explosions. Although the niglit was dark, the 



132 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

skies were lighted from the guns' fire almost as though it 
was day. This artillery preparation continued throughout 
the night and until 8:00 o'clock in the morning of the 26th, 
when the infantry went over the top. As the infantry ad- 
vanced the guns of smaller calibre ceased their strenuous fire 
but the guns of heavier calibre, including our own, continued 
their constant harassing and interdictory fire on all of the 
back areas, main highways, towns and other places where 
enemy troops were likely to be concentrated or where they 
could be seen. The infantry advanced on schedule time as 
laid out in the plan of battle, and by the 27th our lines had ad- 
vanced so far that no more firing could be done by the Pettit 
group from their present positions. The Germans had been 
routed and were retreating to their line of resistance known 
as the "Kreimhild Stellung.'" 

The Weyrauch group, being more than two kilometers in 
advance of the Pettit group, was able to continue its harass- 
ing, interdictory and counter battery fire until the first of 
October. 

While waiting in the improvised P. C. of the Third bat- 
talion in old gun positions on the crest of the hill overlooking 
Marre, Major Weyrauch received orders on September 28th 
promoting him to lieutenant colonel. 

On the afternoon of the first day of the attack orders had 
been received by the regiment to reconnoiter for advanced 
positions, but the roads across "No Man's Land" were in such 
condition that it was scarcely possible to take a reconnoiter- 
ing party over them in an automobile, and it was not within 
the realms of possibility to convoy our 14-tou guns over such 
a country. 

No man's land is the term which most aptly describes this 
strip of territory. It is a stretch of land approximately twelve 
or fifteen kilometers in width, the desolation and hideousness 
of which is beyond description. In places once occupied by 
pretty French villages only signs remained to denote their 
site. Village after village had been ruthlessly destroyed, 
scarcely one stone being left on top of another. The fields 
and roads were honeycombed with shell holes and this de- 
molished condition was further enhanced by deej) trenches 
running in zigzag lines, with barbed wire entanglements in 
front of them. The roads had been left unrepaired and the 
many rains and heavy traffic, combined with the numerous 
shell holes, made them almost impassable for even a light ve- 
hicle. It was necessary to practically rebuild these roads. 
The task of rebuilding them was so gigantic that French 
officers stated it would be imjtossible to accomplish the work 
in time for the artillery to advance so as to be of value in 
maintaining the front line at the points to which it had been 
advanced. The work of the American engineers in performing 



History of GGth Field Artillery BRiG.vnE 133 

this was one of marked acliievenient. Using tlie stone 
from the destroyed villajjes they practically resurfaced the 
roads and by October 2nd tliey had been made passable for 
the heaviest of j^nns. All of this work was done under the 
intermittent fire of the enemy's «uns and the machine "un 
fire from the enemy aero]>h\nes which Avouhl come darting 
down toward the ground, firing a strea'ju of bullets into the 
working parties along llic roads. 

On October 2nd the guns of the 2nd and 3rd battalions 
were moved to positions near Cuisy, a distance of about thirty 
kilometers. The j»rogress of the march was slow, the roads 
being blocked by the many truck and wagon trains carrying 
ammunition and su])i>lics to the troojis in the line and return- 
ing for additional su])plies. The (Jennan artillery was also 
very active and by their constant harassing fire on the roads 
caused great delay. The trip to Cuisy required nearly twenty- 
four hours. Immediately upon arrival the guns were placed 
into positions which had been previously selected and pre- 
pared, and these battalions were now ready to take up the 
firing in the next phase of this great off'ensive. Tlie first bat- 
talion, remaining in i)osition near Marre, shifted its trails 
so as to fire on the east bank of the Meuse in support of the 
ITtli French Army corps, which was expected to make an at- 
tack on the German lines in that sector. 

It was at Cuisy that the troops of the regiment received a 
heaWer baptism of fire from the enemy than on any previous 
occasion. The Germans occui)ied the hills east of the Meuse 
and could look down the ravine and view all of the activities 
in and about Cuisy. With several roving guns at their dis- 
posal the enemy shelled almost constantly the entire area 
around Cuisy. Cuisy was a half demolished town when we ar- 
rived, but Avas quickly reduced in a few days to utter ruin by 
the German artillery. 

The regiment suffered many casualties while occupying 
these positions. One entire gun crew of Battery "F" was wiped 
out as a result of a couple of enemy shells bursting open 
several gas shells of our own which were in readiness to be 
rammed into the tube of the G. P. F. None of the men was 
killed by the bursting of the shells but two or three died as a 
result of the gas ami the remainder were so afi'ected by the gas 
before they could get their masks on that they had to undergo 
several months' treatment in the hospital. 

On October 3rd nine men of Battery ''C" were wounded by 
shell fire, two of whom died soon after their arrival at the 
hospital. Not a day ])assed during this ofl'ensive which did 
not take its toll of wounded and dead from among the troops 
of the regiment. 

Along with the orders which Mere received on October 3rd 
placing Lieutenant Colonel Weyrauch in command of the regi- 



134 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

ment in place of Lieutenant Colonel Patch, who had been 
transferred to the 303rd field artillery, also came orders for 
another attack. The command of the 3d battalion, w hich had 
been nnder Colonel Wevrauch since its oroanization passed to 
Captain F. R. Jeffrey until relieyed by Major Dale D. Drain 
on October 7th. 

This second phase of the Meuse-Argonne offensive was 
commenced on October 4th, the gnns of the 2nd and 3rd bat- 
talions booming- forth at 5 :3() A. M. their solemn warning to 
the eneiny of an impending attack. The enemy offered yery 
strong and stnbl)orn resistance to this attack, hurling some 
of their best troops against our line. Diyision after diyision 
of German troops were brought u|) only to fling themselves 
against a stone wall of American infantrymen. Our guns were 
kept constantly busy during these days firing into the enemy's 
lines of communication, destroying their roads and preventing 
the bringing up of supplies and fresh troops. Considerable 
firing was done also on the principal towns along the banks 
of the Meuse as far north as Dun-sur-Meuse. 

The positions at Cuisy were maintained without change 
until October lltli when the guns of Battery "F"' were ad- 
vanced to Nantillois, Battery '■'E" following to positions in the 
immediate vicinity of Nantillois on October 26th. 

It was while in position at Cuisy that Corporal Peter 
Bergquist, of Battery '^F", dis])layed the true elements of 
American valor which pervaded our troops. An enemy shell 
falling in a pile of powder near one of the guns set the powder 
boxes on fire. Corporal Bergquist immediately started to ex- 
tinguish the fire and remove the ])owder from the burning 
boxes and carry it to a pace of safety. When cautioned by 
some passing soldiers that he had better get away or he would 
be killed, he re])lied : '''Nothing doing. There is enough 
powder here to kill a thousand boche," and continued his work 
of rescuing the powder from the burning debris. This per- 
formance is typical of many heroic deeds done by our troops, 
which were not required of them in the line of their duties 
and which subjected their lives to the gravest dangers. 

The mission of the 1st battalion having been completed 
from their stations near ^larre, its guns were advanced on 
October 12th to positions along the Cuisy-Denneveaux roads 
and on October 14th participated with the other battalions 
of the regiment in a concentrated artillery preparation for 
another infantry attack. The success of this attack having 
pushed the Germans back several kilometers the 2nd battalion 
again moved forward on October 27th, Battery ''D" and bat- 
talion headipiarters locating in Komagne and Battery ''C" 
placing its guns near Cuiu^l. The 3rd battalion remained in 
j)osition at Nantillois and in order to conceal the advance of 
the artillery the 1st battalion was left in position at Cuisy 



History of 06th Field Artillery Brigade 135 

continuing its fire on the rear area. In order not to reveal 
tlie location of tlie guns of "E" battery and those of the 2nd 
battalion no tiring was attempted from tlicir advanced posi- 
tions, but ihey were liebl in readiness for the attack of Novem- 
ber 1st, which i»roved to be the ''straw that broke the camel's 
back." 

\Mietlier it was due to the fact that everyone was too busy 
fighting or whether it was because somebody Avas asleep at his 
desk that i>romotion of otlicers in the A. E. F. were so slow in 
being ina<le, cannot be said. The fact remains, hov/ever, 
that recommendations were made in ]May and -June before the 
regiment went to the front and no action was obtained until 
October. Captains had been acting as battalion commanders 
throughout the campaign and first lieutenants had been in 
command of batteries. On October 13th Lieutenants Willard 
F. llird and William X. I>ay, who had been in command of 
Batteries "C" and ^'F" respectively since the days at Camp de 
Souge, were promoted to captains and with rank from August 
Kith. These ])roniotions were followed by orders received on 
the 19th of October promoting First Lieutenant James P. 
Barclay, who had conimande'il Battery ''E" from the day it 
entered the line, to the grade of cajjtain, and Second Lieu- 
tenants Walter H. Tuesley, Wade G. Wailes, James H. Sturgis, 
Walter C. Lee and Harry T. Fultz to the rank of first lieuten- 
ant. In three more days orders came promoting to first 
lieutenants the following otlicers: Second Lieutenants Floyd 
S. Sanders, Willard F. \\'alker, William A Runciman and 
Dwight L. Fullerton. 

The promotion of Captain James C. Hamilton, who had 
been in command of the 1st battalion since the departure of 
Major deBremond for the States, did not arrive until October 
31st. The majority commission of Captain William S. I'ettit 
did not reach the regiment until after his death in November. 

Owing to the great number of guns which were massed 
along the Cunel-Komagne road it was impossible to entirely 
conceal from the enemy all of the activity of our trooi»s in that 
area and as a result the towns of Cunel and Ko-niagne were 
under almost constant fire. Many casualties were suffered by 
both Batteries *'C" and "D" and the headquarters detachment 
of the 2nd battalion. A direct hit on the battalion P. C. and 
several shells which landed in close i)roxinnty to the guns 
killed and wounded many men. Considerable gas was used by 
the enemy in its fire on Komagne and its ett'oct is shown 
in the casualty lists of those days from the 2nd battalion. 
In addition to the many men who were killed and wounded, 
there were several officers evacuated to the hospitals as a re- 
sult of the German concentrations of gas. Among the num- 
ber were Captain Pettit and Lieutenant Walter C. Lee, both 
of whom died in the hosi)ital at Souilly from pneumonia which 



136 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

was directly traceable to the weakening of their lungs from 
the gas and from the constant exposure in performing their 
duties in this shell-ridden area. Upon evacuation of ('ai)taiii 
Pettit the command of the 2nd battalion was taken over 
by Captain William F. Hird, who remained in conunand until 
after the signing of the armistice. 

At the same time that the guns were advanced the regi- 
mental P. C. moved to the historic village of Montfaucon, 
the capture of which had cost so many American lives. It was 
from this P. C. that the operations of the regiment were con- 
ducted for the attack of November 1st. At 3 :30 A. M. on this 
1st day of November another terrific bombardment was com- 
menced by our artillery. This artillery demonstration was 
e(|ual to, if not greater, than that of September 25th-2Gtli. It 
struck despair into the hearts of the enemy troops and the re- 
sults of the attack, which followed the artillery preparation, 
were most gratifying. The divisions wihicli were in line ad- 
vanced the American front many kilometers, taking the towns 
of Clery-le-Grand, Andevanne, Kemonville, Bayonville and many 
others. In consequence of this advance the 1st battalion was 
moved on November 2nd to Bantheville and on tlie following 
day the 3d battalion leapfrogged the other two battalions of 
the regiment and advanced to Villers-devant-Dun, which had 
been taken by our infantry on November 2nd. 

The brigade commander, Colonel E. D. Scott, was called 
on November 3rd to the post of Chief of Operations, 
army artillery, headquarters first army, and Colonel Weyrauch 
assumed command of the brigade, Major Drain taking over 
the duties of regimental commander, and command of the 3rd 
battalion passing to Captain William N. Day. 

During the latter part of October and the first days of 
November, many new officers were assigned to the regiment. 
Lieutenant Samuel C. Webb returned from the hospital on 
October 22nd. Captain Frank K. Williams reported on No- 
vember 2nd and he Avas followed on November 5th by the as- 
signment of 2nd Lieuteinints Edward R. Buckner, Charles E. 
Litchfield, Walter T. Davis, Paul W. Eastman, Elmer B. 
Haines and John E. Moore. Band leader John C. Thorp re- 
ceived his commission on November 5th as second lieutenant 
and on Novendier 10th 2nd Lieutenant Samuel Lavitt reported 
for duty. 

Commencing in ^Nlarch, 1018, and during each succeeding 
month enlisted men were sent to the Candidates' Officers' 
school at Saumur, France. It is the pride of the regiment that 
every man selected for this detail successfully completed the 
course and received a commission as a second lieutenant. 

The 3rd battalion was temporarily detached from the 
regiment and placed at the disposal of the artillery com- 
mander of the 3rd ai^my corps. The advance of the infantry 



History of (KJtii Fiki,i> Artillery liRiGAmo 137 

Iind been so rapid that wlien the 3rd battalion reached Vlllers 
orders luul been received for it not to <»o into tirin<»- jtosition 
but to remain in readiness to advance to positions fnrther 
north. Orders were received the same eveninji; for the battal- 
ion to occnpy ]»ositions in the ravine behind Monti};ny. It 
was here that ])robabl\- the most ditlficult jiositions that were 
occnpied bv the i-ej^iment at any time dnrino; the war were 
taken np. A heavily woode(l little ravine otfei-ed very little 
choice in the selection of ])ositions, and tlie roads leadinji; to 
the positions which were necessarily selecli'd were alniosl im- 
passable. From these positions it was jxtssibh' to tire on 
Stenay and other important railroad ])oiiits on ilie east side 
of the Mense. 

The echelon of the re<»inient, which had Ix'cn mo\'ed from 
Blerconrt to Esiies, on October 21st was aj;ain advanc<'d on 
November 7tli to Montfancon, on which date the reoimental 
P. C. moved to Villeis. This P. C. was occnpied, liowever, only 
dnrinj:; the nio^ht and was advanced the next day to ^I(onti_2;ny. 
On Xovember 7th Colonel Conrad H. Lanza rejtorted for duty 
and assnmed command of the bri<iade. Colonel ^^'evrancll re- 
tnrned to his j)ost as re<'imental commander. The 1st and 
2nd battalions moved to ^lonti<»ny on Xovember 7th, the 2nd 
battalion going- into tiring ])Osition and the 1st battalion re- 
maining in travelling })osition to move wherever it might be 
needed. The conntry from Montigny to Stenay is in the 
natnre of a flat river valley, hemmed in on either side by high 
hills, and snch a contour did not i>ennit of any fnrther ad- 
vance. The Germans occni)ying the hills directly east of the 
^^ense, which overlooked the entire Mense Valley, conid easily 
view the movements of onr troo])s, and the bai)tisni of shell fire 
which they gave our soldiers in this town was appallingly 
great. A bombardment was commenced by the Germans at 
S :30 on the morning of November Sth, using 77s, IHOs and 210 
mm. gnus. The tire was evidently directed by aerojtlane and 
balloons. These larger shells fell in all ])arts of the town, 
sna]>])ing in twain large trees, shattering the wooden build- 
ings and killing many horses and men, as they passed through 
the town. The shells a])peared to comb every nook of this 
village, demolishing one of the battalion P. C.'s and one of the 
kitchens. One of the 210 millimeter shells struck under the 
nnizzle of one of (mr guns, but fortunately did little damage. 
Few casualties were sutt'ered by the regiment, as all of the 
men had been ordered, when the bombardment began, to move 
to an adjoining hill, which was out of the field of tire. The 
bombardment continued without cessation until about 3 P. 
]M., at which time the enemy commenced an intermittent fire. 
Montigny had \\een used by the Germans as a Russian lu'ison 
camp and had been vacated only a day or so before the ar- 
rival of our troops. Tliere were no dugouts and the heavy 



138 History of GGtii Field Artillery Brigade 

bombardment which destroyed all of our telephone commun- 
ication, made life most interesting^ and extremely hazardons. 

The P. C. of the 179th infantry brigade was also located 
at ^lontigny and its commanding general. General J. P. 
O'Neil, somewhat protested the ])resence of onr large gnns 
in the town, on account of attracting so much artillery fire 
from the enemy. Howeyer, our presence was not without re- 
ward, as the guns of the 2nd and 3rd battalions were able, 
on November 9th. to demolish the machine gun nests in the Rois 
de (Mienois, where the enemy Ayas strenuously protesting the 
advance of the infanti-,v troojis of this l»rigade. 

On the 9th and lOth our guns ke]it up a constant fire, both 
day and night, on all of the main lines of communication of 
the Oermans, including Stenay, Baalon and Montmedy. On 
the night of the lOth orders were received for the regimental 
P. C. and two battalions to proceed to the east side of the 
Meuse. The battalions had taken the road during the night, 
but owing to the bad condition of the roads and the depleted 
condition of the tractors after more than four months' contin- 
uous service at the front, little progress had been made on the 
morning of the 11th wihen word was received that the armis- 
tice had been signed. 

The officers and men had been so engrossed in the work 
at hand that little attention had been paid to the scant news 
that had reached us pertaining to the negotiations for the 
armistice, and we were therefore greatly surprised at the 
sudden turn affairs had taken. From the number of "box- 
cars'' which the German large calibre guns were constantly 
throwing over during the night and in the early morning 
hours of November 11th, it did not seem that the cessation of 
hostilities was likely to soon occur. Even after the first news 
of the armistice reached our headquarters at 8 A. M., a Ger- 
man shell struck only a few feet from the regimental P. C. 
Under such conditions it was scarcely ])Ossible to give full 
credence to the report, and no one could fully realize the im- 
portance of the message. However, a confirmation was soon 
received by wireless, but the men had not yet fully recovered 
from the great surprise, so that there was little demonstration 
of joy. Hats were not thrown into the air, and other forms 
of demonstrntion common to Americans were nowhere in 
evidence. The shelling from the hills on the east bank of the 
Meuse continued with unbroken regularity and it was indeed 
difficult to believe, under such a setting, that the war Avas 
over. In fact, it was not until the hour of 11 :0n had arrived 
and the guns on both sides of the battle line had ceased to 
give forth their deafening roars that the men accepted the 
news as true. 

Orders had been received that constant vigilance be main- 
tained and with typical American system the orders for fur- 



History of (KItii Field Artillery Brigade 139 

ther battle preparation were continued witliont delay. The 
liuiis which were on the ro.-id continned their journey ;nid the 
reiiiniental V. ('. continued their movement to the east side 
of the Meuse. At 5 o'clock P. M. on November 11th the regi- 
mental P. O. had been established at Brandeville and tele- 
phone connection obtained with the brij^ade P. C. at Dnn-sur- 
Meuse. liefore all of the (Mpiipment for the operations office 
had been unloaded the brijiade commander arrive*! aiul oave 
orders for the re<iimeiit to move its headtpiarters to Lissey 
on the followinji' niorninii'. In compliance with this oi-der the 
P. C. was established on November 12th at Lissey, but the guns 
of the 1st battalion were not pei<mitted to cross the Meuse. 
Finally on November 13th the regiment was relieved by the 
56th and 60th regiments of coast artillery and was ordered to 
proceed to the area of Blercourt, to rest. 

Thus the regiment was to occupy a rest area for the first 
time in more than four months of continuous battle camjtaign, 
and it had had the honor of participating in every major 
operation undertaken by the American Expeditionary Forces. 



CHAPTER VIII 



MARCHING INTO GERMANY 

After living for four moutlis iu "fox holes" and dugouts 
and under the constant roar of the cannon and the bursting 
of shells, the troops were very weary, and were sorely in need 
of a rest. Many of the tractors and trucks had broken 
down, and their repair had l)een made impossible by in- 
ability to obtain in these front line positions the necessary 
new parts and accessories. On account of this depleted con- 
dition of the tractors it took several days to get all of the guns 
of the regiment transported to Blercourt, and it was not until 
November 20th that the last gun of the regiment was drawn 
into the park at this town. 

The regiment was now assembled for the first time since 
it had been in Blercourt prior to occupying positions on Sep- 
tember 20th. The troops had looked forward to this rest with 
much anticipation and pleasure, and it was not without some 
disappointment that orders were received on November 18th 
that the GGth field artillery brigade, including the 14Gth field 
artillery, had been selected to go to Germany as a part of the 
Third American army. The honor of being selected as one 
of the veteran organizations to compose this Army of Occupa- 
tion was appreciated by the officers and men of the regiment, 
but all of the personnel felt that they had given a fair account 
of their services and were entitled to a brief breathing spell, 
at least. However, as good soldiers, it was no time for com- 
plaining and everyone exerted his best efforts toward repair- 
ing the depleted equipment of the command. New clothing 
and equipment was obtained for the men ; the Kenault trac 
tors, which had served so faithfully throughout the campaign, 
were replaced with ten-ton Holt caterpillar tractors; many 
of the White trucks were salvaged in order to supply parts 
and accessories for repairing others; and new gun wheels were 
obtained to replace those which had been worn out by the 
many miles of travel over the rough roads at the front. This 
re-equipment process having been completed, the regiment was 
now ready for its new duties as part of the Army of Occupa- 
tion. 

Two new officers arrived after the regiment had been as- 
sembled at Blercourt; Colonel Philip H. Worcester reporting 
on November 15th to take command of the regiment, and 
Major William H. Cravens reporting on November 22nd when 
he was assigned to command of the 2nd battalion. 



History of OOtii Field Artillkuv P>higade 141 

Finally, on December 2nd, the regiment left Blercourt in 
convoy with the remainder of the brigade on its march to 
Germany. The first day's march took the regiment as far as 
Boligny, France, and taking an early start the following 
morning it arrived at Esch, in the Duchy of Lnxembonrg, 
about noon. ^Slaking a two-night stop in this city it started 
on the morning of December oth for the vicinity of Greveu- 
macher. Owing to the small villages in this section of Lux- 
embourg it was necessary for the regiment to occupy several 
towns. The regimental section was established at liiwer. the 
1st and 3rd battalions were stationed at Mertert and the 
2nd battalion occupied Manternach. The regiment re- 
mained in these villages for several days in order to allow 
sufficient time for the infantry to make a substantial advance. 
On December 11th the march was resumed, and ihe regiment 
crossed the German frontir on the morning of that day, and 
arrived at Bitburg, (Jermany, about noon. It was in this 
town that the troops occupied for the tirst time the homes 
of our German enemies. The advance on the following day 
took the i-egiment as far as Budesheim. For this stop the 1st 
battalion Avas stationed at tr>chwirzheim, the 2n<l battalion 
at Lissiugen and the Svd battalion at Wallersheim. It was 
expected to remain in these towns for only one night, but or- 
ders were changed and the further advance of the regiment 
was delayed until December 21st, On this day the regiment 
advanced as far as Boos, where it remained for the night, 
proceeding the following day to Rubenach and Basseuheim, 
two towns a few kilometers west of Coblenz. The regiment 
was now a part of the victorious army, occupying German 
towns and its regimental standard was flying over German 
soil. I ' 

Christmas day in these towns was a happy anniversary 
of the departure of the regiment from the United States, and 
marked the passing of many eventful days from the time the 
Lapland turned its nose down the bay on Christinas Eve, 1917, 
bearing the troops toward the European continent. The pre- 
ceding Christmas day spent on the ocean liner on the Atlantic 
had been filled with anticipation and speculation as to tlie 
destinies wliich awaited us in Europe, and on this Christmas 
day in Germany our minds were tilled with reflections and 
recollections of the events which had occurred during the 
past year. 

When the staff of the Third army commenced readjust- 
ing the occui)ation of the Coblenz bridgehead by the various 
organizations which com]>rised the Army of Oc('uj)ation, it was 
determined that the (»()th field artillery brigade should occupy 
advanced positions on the east side of the Khine. In conse- 
quence thereof, on New Year's Day, 1919, the 140th field artil- 
lery crossed the Rhine and occupied towns ten miles north 



142 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

of Coblenz. The regimental section and the 2nd battalion 
took up station in Grenzhausen, the 1st battalion occupied 
a portion of the town of Nauort and the townsi of Alsbach, 
Wirscheid and Sessenbach, and the 3rd battalion occupied 
the remaining portion of Nauort and the towns of Stromberg 
and Kaan. 

The period of occupying this portion of Germany will 
not be recalled as one embracing the performance of many 
difficult tasks, but it will be remembered as oue filled with 
the constant desire and hope to return home. Every effort was 
made to keep the troops occupied with training or with 
pleasure. Various forms of amusement were undertaken, in- 
eluding all forms of indoor sports during the winter months, 
as well as many shows by the professional entertainers fur- 
nished under the auspices of the Y. M. C. A., and shows by 
the soldiers themselves. Each regiment was required to have 
a show, and the 14Gtli is proud to boast that its show was 
rated as being one of the five best shows in the Third army, 
and was honored by being selected to show in Paris and other 
large cities in the S. O. S. The show was a musical comedy 
composed by Captain Fred M. Weil and lr>ergeant A. R. Cressy, 
and Avas staged and played under the efficient direction of 
Captain Weil. 

There was considerable apprehension as to whether or not 
the Germans would accept this occupation by American sol- 
diers of their country and their homes in a philosophical 
manner, or whether they would be inclined to resent it. When 
the American troops first arrived they were all required to 
carry their pistols when out after dark, and two guards were 
maintained on each post. However, it was soon learned that 
the Germans were not disposed to cause any trouble, and that 
no matter what their innermost thoughts might be their out- 
ward manner was one of complete subservience. They made 
every effort to i)lease their American conquerors, to make 
them comfortable and to comply with all the orders and reg- 
ulations issued by the American military authorities. Soon 
the number of guards was reduced and the small arms were 
stored in central ])Iaces under guard except when being used 
for drill or guard purposes. The relationship existing be- 
tween the conquerors and the conquered was, in the main, 
most cordial. Few personal clashes occurred, and most of 
those which did were directly traceable to an over-indulgence 
in the famous Rhine wine, or beverages of a stronger nature. 
Regulations were laid down by the Third army headquarters 
to prevent fraternizing, but, of course, those things which oc- 
curred in the homes could not be watched by the M. P.'s. It 
was commonly suspected that many of the soldiers had a 
German tutor in the form of a pretty "fraulein," and that the 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 143 

drinking? of a glass of wiiio with the German host was not an 
uncommon event. 

Soon after onr arrival in the vicinity of Coblenz the in- 
fluenza s]»read throughout the command. The medical corps 
did effective work in combating it and slamjdng it out. The 
disease exacted a small toll of deaths, among the number being 
1st Lieutenant .Tosei>h IT. ]\Iurray, Jr., an oflflcer of great popu- 
larity among his comrades, both officers and enlisted men. He 
was buried at Coblenz, Germany, on February 8th, in the 
American cemetery under the sod he had helped to capture. 

The service of the 146th field artillery in Europe is now 
Hearing its close. It came to France among the first 178,000 
of American troops who crossed the Atlantic ; it served more 
than four months continuously at the front, with signal honor 
and success, and then advanced into Germany, being a part 
of the only brigade of heavy artillery which crossed to the 
east bank of the Rhine, and at the time of recording this his- 
tory it remains a guard of battle-scarred veterans, anxiously 
aAvaiting the signal from general headquarters of the Ameri- 
can E. F., which will return the troops to their friends and 
loved ones in "THE LAND OF THE FREE, and THE HOME 
OF THE BRAVE P 

L 'ENVOI 

''RAVINGS OF A SITEEPITERDER GONE WRONG" 

About going home. 

Hey there my lad, hold up your head; step right out with 
manly tread ; our troubles now are nearly past, and we know 
we're going home at last. We've had this thing so long in 
view it don't seem like it could be true. I think because so 
long we've waited is why we don't feel more elated. But 'all 
things come to him Avho waits' so now we're headed for the 
States. Bid each fraulein and madamoiselle a final and a fond 
farewell, cause right away you'll surely go back where 
real girls grow. We'll leave this land of beers and wines that 
bring such large court-martial fines, and find a h;ij)pier condi- 
tion back in the land of prohibition (OTT'H). When we are 
as civilians dressed no more we'll do squads east or west, in 
fact we will not drill at all, nor answer any bugle call. We'll 
^et up Avhen we feel inclined; and if we want to change our 
mind and stay in bed throughout the day, who will there be 
to say US nay? And when we do go out to dine, we will not 
have to stand in line; we'll stick onr feet 'neath father's table 
and eat as much as we are able. T'will be no trouble to eat 
our fill for there'll be no goldfish or corned Bill, but i)ies like 
only mother bakes, and other stuff that mother makes. Our 
mess kits'U meet a bitter fate, while we'll eat off a china plate. 
When done we'll follow out our wishes, and someone else will 



144 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

wash the dishes. Ah, soon we'll lead the simple life; forget 
these scenes of war and strife. So let's cut out the poker and 
let's cut out the craps; Let's all get up for reveille and get to 
bed by taps; Let's turn in all equipment, 'cause soon no 
more we'll roam. We'll not do much more soldiering — 'cause 
BOYS, WE'RE GOING HOME." 

"IT'S HOME, BOYS, HOI\IE," is the headline used by the 
brigade newspaper. The Long Range Sniper, to announce to 
the men of the 66th field artillery brigade that orders had been 
received for the unit to be returned to the United States. The 
orders were received on May 11th, just six months to a day 
after the signing of the armistice. Incidentally, it was 
Mother's Day, and each soldier's letter to his first and best 
''swieetheart" contained the cheering news. So many rumors 
had been set afloat for many weeks concerning the return of 
the regiment to the States that many were inclined to be skep- 
tical when news of the actual orders was given out, and it 
was not until it had been confirmed by officers that hilarious 
demonstrations were to be seen among the soldiers. 

Throughout the service of the regiment, the 7th and 11th 
seem to have been marked as the most eventful days in its 
existence. First, the regiment moved from Camp Mills to the 
embarkation camp at Camp Merritt on December 11, 1917. 
It landed in Liverpool on January 7, 1918, and landed in 
France at LeHavre on the morning of January 11th. The first 
shot at target practice with the G. P. F. w-as fired on April 
7th; it arrived at the front on July 7th; it fired its first shot 
at the enemy on July 11th; it ceased fire on the Chateau- 
Thierry sector on August 11th ; it received orders on Septem- 
ber 11th to commence firing in the St. Mihiel offensive; the 
guns of the regiment were moved from Cuisy to advanced po- 
sitions in the Argonne-Meuse on October 11th; the guns w^ere 
moved to Montigny on November 7th. and all firing was ceased 
on the day of the armistice, November 11th. As soon as or- 
ganizations from the Army of Occupation commenced to be 
sent home, those who were inclined to believe in signs ho]>e- 
fully looked forw*ard to the 7th and 11th of each month for 
embarkation orders. Therefore, it was in perfect accord with 
the "seven come eleven" idea that orders placing the regiment 
at the disposal of the commanding general of the S. O. S. for 
return to the Taiited States Avere received on May 11th. If 
the regiment had been an organization of colored troops this 
"7 and 11" peculiarity would no doubt have been attributed 
to the well-known "crap-shooting" proclivities of the negro, 
but for troops from the Golden West, where the game of 
"drawing" poker is accepted as the king of indoor sports, other 
causes have to be looked for. The Avisest of the sages and 
seers of sign fortune have as yet been unable to assign a sat- 
isfactory reason. 



History of (SOtii Field Autili^krv liuiGADio 145 

It was with buoyaut hearts that the suhliers attended the 
special Mother's Day services held by Ohaplain Ballentine 
and wrote their ''^[other's Day Letter'' announcing their 
early return. Th(> cold, damp weather of the winter and 
early spring months had now given way to beautiful sunshiny 
days, and little groups of soldiers were to be seen hei'c and 
there discussing their going-home |)lans and wearing a smile 
that wouldn't come off. 

All hands set to work eai-ly ^Monday morning to get the 
equipment in shape to be turned in. This cleaning n]» ]>rocess 
was no small job in view of the fact that the regiment pos- 
sessed nearly half as mu<'h motor ecpiipment as an entire di- 
vision. Every truck must be thoroughly cleaned and in good 
running condition, each gun must be carefully cleaned and pol- 
ished and painted with rubber paint to protect it from the sea 
dampness while being ship])ed to the United States. All surplus 
equipment, other than office equipment and that which tJie 
men carried on their backs, must be turned in. The work was 
pushed with all i)0ssible haste and the 14-ton guns were loaded 
on flat cars to be shipped to Antwerp), where they will be 
loaded on freighters for shipment across the Atlantic. 

All of the guns had been loaded and much of the equip- 
ment had been turned in when a dismal gloom was s})read over 
the command on the evening of May 10th by the receii)t of 
orders revoking the ])revious order providing for our return 
to our native land. The disa])pointment was keen and to say 
that everyone was in low spirits is putting it mild, because 
much stronger ])lirases \vere used by the soldiers in referring 
to the changed orders. However, this unhay)]»y feeling was 
not to continue long, as after one night of anguish and a 
morning of unha])]>y thoughts, orders came at iu»on on Alay 
20th again jilacing the regiment on the return list and fixing 
our entraining date as May 25th. The next five days were 
ones of hope and of fear — hope that the orders would not be 
changed; fear that they would be. Everyone held his breath, 
and it was not until the train pulled out of Engers that the 
men of the regiment heaved a sigh of relief and felt fairly 
certain that they were really going to see the Stahie of Liberty 
once more. 

^lore joy came to some of the officers of the I'egiment 
during the closing days of their service in the A. E. F., by the 
receipt of orders giving the promotions which had long been 
recommended and equally long passed up by the board of pro- 
motions of general liead(|uarters. Lieutenant Tolonel Paul H. 
Weyrauch received his commission as a full colonel — "'full" in 
rank only. Cajytains Frank R. Jetfrey and William N. Day 
each received ])roniotions to the rank of major; 1st Lieutenants 
Donald C. Oliphant and Harry T. Fultz each donned the cap- 
tain's barsi as a result of the same order; and 2nd Lieutenants 



146 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

Ral])h F. Schirin and Geor-oe B. Ely discarded tlie ^old bar 
and substituted therefor the silver bar of a first lieutenant. 

When the armistice was signed the War Department 
placed a ban on all ]>roni()tions and as a result several of the 
enlisted men of the reiiiment who had attended the Officers' 
Candidate Artillerv School at Saumnr, France, had been left 
stranded. The commissions for these men were also received 
durino- the early days of ^lay, and the O. D. blouse and breeches 
and the three stripes of the sergeants were cast aside, and 
they now donned tailor-made uniforms and Sam iBrowne 
belts. Those who were included in this list were Sergeant 
Theodore R. Boiwen. headcinarters company; 1st Sergeant 
Herbert G. Lauterbach, headcpiarters comi)any; Regimental 
Sergeant IMajor John J. (Jeorgeson, Ordnance Sergeant Ralph 
W. Bochmeir, Sergeant Tom Barker, Battery "D", and Ser- 
geant George C, Arnold of Battery "A". 

No more orders were received to delay our preparations 
for departure from Germany. Everything was in readiness to 
leave on May 2r)th. The troops marched from Bendorf to 
Engers and found awaiting them a train of 28 IT. S. A. box 
cars made es])ecially for use in the A. E. F. Quantities of 
excelsior were s])read on the floor (ui which the troops could 
make down their beds. There were thirty-eight men to the 
car, Avhich was far more comfortable than traveling forty men 
to each dinky little French box car. The first train pulled 
out of the Engers station at 1 :28 Sunday afternoon, INIay 25th, 
and the balance of the regiment followed on a train leaving 
at the same time the following day. Although a wreck neces- 
sitated a detour from the main line which made the traveling 
a little rougher than ordinarily, yet the trip was much en- 
joyed. The weather was ideal and the beauties of the country 
viewed from the fast traveling "side-door" pnllmans was 
greatly ap])reciated. The trij) from Goblenz to St. Nazaire 
took three days, the first train arriving on the 28th of Mixy. 
Cpon detraining at St. Nazaire the troo])S were immediately 
marched to embarkation camp No. 2' of base section No. 1, 
where they were fed and given a thorough physical ins])ection 
for vermin and venereal disease. T^pon coin])letion of this ex- 
amination they were then sent to cam]) No. 1 where they were 
placed in barracks. 

Here the work of the personnel adjutant, rai)tain Harry 
A. Wells, and his corps of clerks, as well as the battery clerks, 
took on large ])ro])ortions. Every battery record must be 
complete and in ''apj»le-])ie order", each man's service record 
must include the minutest detail and each man must be j)aid 
to include the month of ^May before embarking. Pay rolls 
must be piei)ared, itassenger lists must be comjiiled to show 
each man who would be entitled to go aboard ship, baggage 
lists must be prejiared showing each item of baggage and its 



History of OOtii Field Artillery Brigade 147 

weight. Tims tlio work yjrogrcssed and in a couple of days we 
were ready to take the first available transport. This work 
had been increased by the absence of over 200 men from tlie 
regiment at the time embarkation orders were received. These 
absentees included men on 14-day leaves, the rifle and pistol 
team which had been attending the competition at ^^e Mans 
and the show troupe. The regimental show, "Ching-Chong" 
had been playing for several weeks in the S. O. S., their tour 
including Taris, liordeaux, I>rest, Marseilles, St. Nazaire and 
other large cities where there were American soldiers. The 
troupe met with the greatest success wherever they played and 
returned to the regiment on May oOth with numerous letters 
and newspaper clipi)ings sounding their praise. 

Most of the otticers and enlisted men had little to do at 
the embarkation camp. The men spent most of their time 
playing baseball and other games. The oflicers went to the 
beach at St. Marguerite and La Baule and also attended the 
motor races at La Baule which were held under the auspices 
of American Base Section No. 1. Every effort was made at 
the camp to keep everyone happy and contented. The food 
for both ofificers and men was of the very best. The attitude 
of the camp officials seemed to be one "to please and serve 
you," which was very gratifying to all and a welcome change 
from the general attitude which had been most pronounced in 
camps where the regiment had previously been stationed. 

An effort was made to secure enough "Victory Service 
Ribbons" to supply each member of the regiment with one. 
However, this was impossible, and only a few officers were able 
to obtain them. Each officer and soldier who was with the 
regiment throughout its service will wear this ribbon with 
four bronze stars, each of which denotes participation in a 
major battle of the A. E. F. The four bronze stars worn by 
members of the regiment represent participation in the Cham- 
|)agne-Marne Defensive between July 15th and 18th, the 
Aisne-Marne offensive between July 18th and August (ith. the 
St. Mihiel offensive bel^ween September 12th and September 
IGth and the Meuse-Argonne offensive between Septendter 2'()th 
and November 11th. In addition to this i-ibbou, each officer and 
man is entitled to wear the Victory Metal with four battle 
claps which also denote participation in the four major en- 
gagements. 

Finally, on Tuesday morning, June 2nd, orders were re- 
ceived for the regiment to be pi-ej)ared to board a transport in 
the afternoon. Another physical examination was made of 
all officers and men, i)assenger lists re-checked, and clearance 
certificates for embarkation obtained. At 4 o'clock in the 
afternoon the troops were marched to the docks at St. Nazaire 
and at :80 the first soldier walked the gang-j)lank and ste])])ed 
aboard the government transjiort, the U. S. I'eerless. The 



148 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

loadiug could not be completed in time for the ship to get 
out on the evening tide, so that it was not until 5 :00 o'clock 
the next morning that it sailed out into the Atlantic bearing 
holne^A'al'd the 146th field artillery after nearly eighteen 
moutlis spent Avitli the American army in France and Ger- 
many. 

While there are many troop ships which are larger, faster 
and more commodious than the Peerless, which takes fourteen 
days to cross the Atlantic, yet everyone was liappy to get 
aboard. Even a. canal boat would have been satisfactory 
so long as it assured a safe passage to the land that we love. 
The beds for the men were comfortable and the food was ex- 
cellent, so that everyone was happy. Owing to the limited 
number of first class accommodations on the boat only thirty- 
nine officers of the regiment were able to return with the 
troops. The remainder of them were left at St, Nazaire to be 
sent as casual officers to Brest for transportation to the 
States. 

i The voyage across the Atlantic was a pleas-^nt one, the 
weather being comfortably warm and the ocean being rough 
only for a few days. Very few were aft'ected with the usual 
sea-sickness, and all were happy with the knowledge of hav- 
ing stayed with the game until the end and with the pros- 
pect of once more living in the land of freedom for which they 
liad fought and of seeing again their friends and loved ones. As 
the Statue of Liberty loomed into sight on the.... of June, 
the soldiers cheered until they were hoarse. The piers at 
Hoboken were the most welcome scene wliich had been view^ed 
since they disappeared from sight when the Lapland steamed 
down the bay eighteen months before, bearing the regiment to 
the theatre of operations in France. 

Once more the regiment is on American soil and the trooj^s 
are about to leave on trains which will speed them, to their 
homes. Most of them go for demobilization to Camp Lewis 
at American Lake, Washington, and Fort I). A. Russell at 
Cheyenne, Wyoming, but many go to camps in the east, the 
middle west, the south and to the New England states. Not- 
withstanding the happiness of returning to one's home and to 
his wife, mother, or sweetheart, yet there is a tinge of sorrow as 
each must bid farewell to his buddy and bunkie with whom he 
had fought for many months and for whom the ties of friend- 
ship have been cemented by the hardships which each has 
mutually borne in the battles of this war. Soon each will lose 
his identity as a soldier and become merely an American citi- 
zen, but the friendships which have been made and the lessons 
which have been learned during two years of service in Uncle 
Sam's army will not pass into oblivion until the last of these 
warriors has been called to his final home in the realm of the 

Great Unknown. „, „ , 

The End. 



History of the 
148th Field Artillery 



CHAPTER I 



ORGANIZATION OF THE 148TH FIELD 
ARTILLERY 

Tlio liistorv of the 14Stli Fiold Artilloi'v dates from the 
mobilizalioii of llie 41st Dixisioii at Caiin) (Jreene, (Miarlotte, 
North rarolina, in September, 11)17. The Third Wyoming In- 
fantry, nnder command of Colonel Josejth W. Cavender, ar- 
rived at Cam]) Greene on Se])tember 11, lf)17, was assigned to 
an infanti'v j)ortion of tlie cam]!, and immediately stai'ted 
clearing stitim])s and making arrangements for what was snp- 
posed to be a long period of training. However, on the 10th 
day of Sei>tember, orders were received to organize one bat- 
talion of field artillery, comprising Battalion Headqnarters, 
B'atteries A. B and (\ Headqnarters and Supply Companies, 
and an Amimnnition Train from this regiment, and each nnit 
was assigned a new ])ortion of the camp. Companies A, B, C 
and D. and Hcad(|nartors and Sn])])ly Comjjanies of the Third 
Wyoming Infantry, Avere designated as the nnits to compose 
one battalion of Field Ai'tiliery. The organization was to be 
e(ini})ped as light artillery, and accordingly a battalion or- 
ganization of three batteries was effected by assimilating Com- 
pany B into the other three companies, and designating them 
temporarily Batteries A. B and C. The Headqnarters and 
Sn])])ly Com]»anies were designated Headqnarters and Sn])])ly 
C(»nipanies of the artillery regiment. On October 3rd the 1st 
Separate Battalion of Colorado Field Artillery, which had 
been in training at Cani]) Baldwin, neai' Denver, arrived at 
Camp Creene as a three-inch organization and was assigned 
to the 14Sth Field Artillery. These batteries were allowed 
to retain their alphabetical designation, and the former 
Wyoming oi-ganizations now became Batteries D, E and F. 
The First Sejtarate Trooj* of Oregon Cavalry, National dnard, 
had been mobilized at Cam]) Withycombe, and had arrived 
at Cam]) (ireene, Se])tend)er 14tli. where they were assigned 
to dnty at the remonnt station. On October 0th the officers 
and enlisted ])ersonnel of this sqnadron were transferred to 
the USth Field Artillery, bnt did not actnally rejiort nntil the 
day the regiment left Cam]) Creene. The final disi)Osition 
and assignment of the organizations were as follows: 

A Troo]), Oregon Cavalry, and Headqnarters Co., 
Wyoming Infantry, made n]) tlie Headcinarters Company. 

The l)alance of A Troo]), Oregon Cavalry and Snpply 
Co., Wyoming Infantry, made U]) the Sni»])ly Com]iany. 

Battery A, Colorado Artillery, became Battery A. 



152 History op G6th Field Artillery Brigade 

Battery B, Colorado Artillery, became Battery B. 

Battery C, Colorado Artillery and Troop C, Oregon 
Cavalry became Battery C. 

Coinpan}' A, Wyoming Infantry, and Troop D, Ore- 
gon Cavalry, became Battery 1). 

Coni])any D, Wyoming Infantry, became F>attery E. 

Com])any C, AVyoming Infantry, became Battery F. 

(Troop H, Oregon. Cavalry and Coin]»any I>, Wyoming 
Infantry, were divided betAveen batteries 1), I] and F.) 

It was the original intention of the War Department that 
the mth field artillery brigade made np of the 146th, 147th, 
and 148tli regiments of field artillery should be the divi- 
sional artillery of the 41st division, which became known as 
the Snnset division, being coin]>osed of the National Guard 
Troops of the northwest. Brigadier CJeneral Jervey had been 
announced as the commanding officer of this brigade, but 
in the absence of Major Oeneral Hunter Liggett, commanding 
the division. General Jervey assumed command of the 41st 
division, and General Vollrath became the first commanding 
officer of the brigade. The site of the camp assigned to the 
148th Field Artillery was in a newly cleared tract of hard- 
wood timiber, with a heavy clay soil, and Avith high crowned 
dirt roads. Large flyproof kitchens, mess halls, and latrines 
had been provided, equipped Avitli running water and electric 
lights. Sibley tents were erected and e(pii]»i)ed with electric 
lights, and each man furnished one iron cot. 

The work of arranging camp was completed as soon as 
possible, and during the first week of October, active training, 
standing gun drill, firing data, e(]uitation, and general artil- 
lery instruction was started. The batteries were organized 
on the basis of the table of organization ai»]>]icable to three- 
inch .ViiitM'ican fiebl ]»iece batteries, details were assigned, 
and instruction in all the dift'erent branches was undertaken. 
A regimental post exchange had been established immediately 
upon the arrival of the Wyoming Infantry, and this Avas con- 
tinued as the Post Exchange of the 148th Field Artillery. A 
suitable building for this enterprise was jirovided by the Gov- 
ernment and every op]»ortunity to ]>urchase the delicacies as 
well as the necessary toilet articles and souvenirs was given 
the soldiers, and the canteen }>rosi)ered beyond exjjectation, 
permitting of frequent dividends being declared which en- 
abled the battery messes to purchase fresh vegetables and 
extras to an extent to satisfy the most exacting. The horses 
for the division had arrived at the remount station, but in- 
asmuch as it was jjlanned to ship them to Euro])e at an early 
date by a difi'erent route than the men, only sufficient for 
training were issued to our regiment. P>oth officers and men 
were tremendously interested in their work an<l their train- 
ing proceeded as speedily as could be exi)ected in view of the 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 153 

fact that the only material available was that brought from 
Colorado by Battery I>. 

At thi.s time the policy of the War Dei»ar(iiien< regard- 
ing the composition of the divisional artillery had not been 
announced to the brigade, but it was assumed that tliere 
wouhl be one regiment of three-inch or 75 millimeter guns, 
one 4.7 howitzer, and one six-inch howitzer regiment. Tt was 
announced that the l-48tli Field Artillery would be equipped 
with either the 4.7 or six-inch howitzer, and accordingly the 
regiment was I'eorganized with three two-battery battalions. 

At the time of the arrival of the advance units of the 41st 
division at Camp Greene no plans had been perfected for the 
entertainment of soldiers by the civil population, but upon 
finding that the men from the northwest were quite orderly 
and discijdined soldiers the residents of Charlotte at once 
threw open their homes, gave receptions through their churches, 
and in every way extended themselves to make the soldier's 
stay in North Carolina a pleasure. The weather for the most 
j)art during the months of Septend)er and October was truly 
delightful, the surroundings were pleasant, the interest keen, 
and the regiment made rapid strides. 

On October 28, 1917, orders were received to send a 
detail with the horses to Newi)ort News, Virginia, and to 
pre])are the regiment for moving to Camp Mills, Long Island, 
New York, then the embarkation camp for American soldiers 
going abroad. On October 25th the regiment entrained in 
four sections, Headquarters and Supply making one section 
and each battalion one section, and each section being com- 
posed entirely of sleeping and baggage cars. The American 
regulations providing three men to a section in a tourist 
sleeper, and allowing baggage cars to be arranged for kitchens, 
])rovided ample room and comfort for every soldier and the 
trip from; North Carolina, through the historic states of 
Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York 
was thoroughly enjoyed by all. Upon arrival at Camp Mills, 
the 148th Field Artillery was assigned to the camp recently 
vacated by the 150th Field Artillery, a part of the famous 42nd 
division, which, with the exception of the Alabama Infantry, 
had sailed for France. Camp Mills was located on the eastern 
end of Long Island, on a strip of tlat, low-lying country known 
as the Hemjistead IMain and had been noted as a mobilization 
point during the Spanish-American War, as well as during 
the World War. The soil of this countiy is a heavy black silt 
and the rains of late October had made the place a veritable 
sea of mud. At that time only small screened kitchens had 
been provided and open air shower baths, the water being 
piped in shallow ditches. This site had been hastily prepared 
for the reception of troops pending the completion of a large 
embarkation camp at Tenafly, N. J. To provide protection 



154 HiSTOUY OP OGth Field Artillery Brigade 

against the cool fall nights each soldier was given an additional 
number of blankets, each tent was provided with a Sibley 
stove, and arrangements were made for bathing the troops in 
the village of Hempstead, and at Garden City. Very little time 
was lost in prei>aring the camp and the work of training 
was immediately resumed. The time was occupied with in- 
fanti\y close order drill, standing gun drill with the material 
of B Battery, and the instruction of special details and officers. 
On the 10th of November, one battery of the 146th Field 
Artillery was put in position about ten miles from the camp 
and target practice was started, giving each officer an oppor- 
tunity to fire a battery and allowing the non-commissioned 
officers opportunity to observe a battery in action. The 
weather had become decidedly disagreeable, very cold, with 
flurries of snow and sleet, but winter equipment had been 
issued to all, a liberal wood allowance ]jrovided, and under 
the pressure and excitement of preparing for an early embar- 
kation, the best was made of an uncomfortable situation and 
there was no let up in the training. 

About the first of November, replacements sufficient to 
bring all organizations to war strength were received from 
the mobilization camp at American Lake, Washington. These 
reijlacenients reitresented the first contingent from the first 
draft, and were composed of men from California, Utah, Wash- 
ington, Montana, Oregon and other western States. 

This particular period was marked by the accomplishment 
of a large amount of statistical work where every man was 
indexed according to his education and training, which was 
in line with the newly adopted plan of the War Department 
to supply specially trained men for particular positions. War 
Risk Insurance was taken out by practically every man in the 
regiment, allotments both compulsory and voluntary were 
accomplished, service records completed and all records put 
in the best possible condition. Camp Mills being within forty- 
five minutes ride of New York on the Long Island Electric. 
made it possible for practically all soldiers to visit that great 
metropolis, and enabled the battery messes to avail themselves 
of the markets of that place. Accordingly everyone fared 
well ; it Avas possible for each organization to have a liberal 
Thanksgiving dinner, and an extreme liberality in issuing 
week-end passes to New York to deserving men was the regi- 
mental policy. In that city amusement and diversion in a 
variety of forms w^as of course available. The night before 
our departure from this camp will long be remembered as the 
night of the big storm. Orders had been received to move to 
Camp Merritt, New Jersey, which place had just been com- 
pleted, and which was designed as the embarkation camp for 
troops about to leave for overseas duty. Accordingly, every- 
thing was packed and made ready, but about noon on the 13th 



History of G6th Field Artillery Brigade 155 

of Deoeniber, tlio blizziud stnrlcd and la^cd witli uiidiiiiiiiislu'd 
force throughout the ni.ulit. The weip,ht of the wet snow and 
the force of a very hij»h wind tore down jiractically every tent 
in the entire camp, and wlien flret call sounded on December 
14th, it was necessary actually to dig a nundier of men out 
from under their tents. There was not, however, a single word 
of complaint, and at 7 o'clock the regiment was formed and 
marched by battalions to the railroad station near the caniit. 
where the organization was loaded on trains and moved to 
the Long Island Ferry. At this point ferry boats were waiting 
to conduct the organization down the East River around the 
Battery and up the North River to Jersey City, where trains 
were ready to convey the troops to Cresskill. This place was 
reached about 4 T*. M.. and a short march through deep snow 
placed the regiment at C'amp ^Nlerritt, where large two-story 
buildings ecpiiitjied with furnaces, and iron cots with mat- 
tresses, and long, well heated and lighted kitchens and mess 
halls, and bath houses, had been provided. 

About this time orders Avere received stating that the 148th 
Field Artillery would be equipped with six-inch howitzers or 
their equivalent, the 155 millimeter French howitzer, and ac- 
cordingly there was a general reassignment of special details, 
readjustments of gun sections, and duties of officers, to con- 
form with the organization of howitzer batteries. Schools 
were continued for officers and soldiers, simulated artillery 
drill was assiduously followed, and indoor instruction on sand 
tables, aiming and sighting drill, bayonet practice, and similar 
subjects strenuously pursued. The material of B Battery hav- 
ing been turned in to the Ordnance De])artment just |)rior to 
leaving Camp Mills, practically all of the artillery work had 
to be simulated, but all special details were given extensive 
instruction, and by a liberal display of initiative and imagina- 
tion, a great deal of work of ]»ractical value was accomplished. 
It was the ho]»e and general iin])i*ession of all that the regi- 
ment would not be kept at ("amji Merritt longer than to allow 
sufficient time to secure transportation. 

However, shortly after our arrival at Camp Merritt, an 
epidemic of measles, scarlet fever and mum])s broke out and 
spread throughout practically the entire regiment. Every 
7)0ssible measure was taken to combat these diseases, strict 
quarantines were enforced and every attention given to the 
prevention of further s]»read of disease. The medical authori- 
ties announced that no movement would be permitted until 
the regiment had a clean bill of health, and every possible 
effort was made to secure this. Notwithstanding the sick- 
ness, instruction continued, and every effort was made to 
further the advancement of the regiment. 

About -lannary 15tli. llic general health of the regiment 
improved, and in a very few days practically all sickness had 



156 History of GGtii Field Artillery Brigade 

been overcome. Orders were then received to prepare the 
rcfjinient for enibarkalioii, sailing lists were pre})ared, all sur- 
plns pro])ert_v boxed and made read.v for shii»ment. On .Tannary 
21st, orders were issned by the re<»imental commander for the 
movement to the transport, which would occur on January 
22nd. A general spirit of excitement and satisfaction per- 
vaded the entire organization, and with the greatest energy 
final preparations were completed. To make the best use of 
ti'ansportation and tct enshroud troop movements in the great- 
est possible secrecy, movements to transport were made at 
niglit. On January 22nd, first call was blown at 1 :30 A. M., 
breakfast served, kitchens packed and baggage moved by motor 
trucks. The movement to the transport was made by battalions. 
Day coaches were boarded at Cresskill, which took the regi- 
ment to Jersey Cjty, where soldiers and freight were loaded 
upon ^'The City of Newburgh" and transported across the bay 
to the White Star i)ier, where H. ^l. S. "P>altic", twenty- 
tliousand tons, was waiting. Barrack bags had been shipped 
the day jtreviously, all sur|)lus jjrojierty had been cut to a mini- 
nuim, and the problem of loading was very simple. Each 
organization was marched in a single file down one of several 
gang-planks, at the head of each of which stood a checker, who 
checked every man's name against the sailing list as he went 
aboard, and at the same time handed him a blue slip showing 
his assignment to a berth, and to a place and time at the mess. 
Officers were given first and second cabin (piarters, non-com- 
missioned officers to second class cabins available, and the bal- 
ance of the enlisted personnel were assigned to third class. To 
maintain the secrecy of the movement, no one was allowed to 
sliow himself ui)on deck after once going aboard until the ship 
was out of sight of land. 

About 8:00 A. M., January 23rd. the good ship "Baltic" 
gave a loud blast of her whistle and started down the bay, so 
far as the casual observer could notice, a deserted ship, but 
in reality carrying close to 3,000 American fighting men and 
large quantities of mail, provisions and oil. No sooner was 
land out of sight than the freedom of the deck was allowed to 
all, a ]»rivilege which was eagerly seized Avhile the weather 
remained calm, but as the January sea was not always chari- 
table, and the majority of the ])assengers were land-lubbers 
from the far western part of the Ignited States, deck sjtace was 
usually ample. No one had been apprised of our destination 
nor of the size of our convoy or escort, but shortly after leaving 
land behind, notice was given that the "Baltic'' would |)roceed 
unattached and unescorted to Halifax, where it would meet a 
convoy and escort. 



CHAPTER II 



The voyajje north along the coast to Halifax was quite 
uneventful. The majority of the men soon acquired their sea 
legs, and with the exception of shoi't i)eriods set aside for 
calisthenics, ship defense di-ill and boat drill, each soldier 
was allowed to enjoy liiniself as he saw fit. Some i-eadjnstmcnt 
of bunks liad been made and an American ai»porlionment and 
cooking of English rations was ett'ected, which made the situa- 
tion of the men as comfortable as could be expected on a ship 
crowded to capacity. Small inconveniences and close associa- 
tion with strange smells and new animals were cheerfully 
borne, for the American soldier is quick to estimate the situa- 
tion and realize when it lias been developed to its utmost. And 
the fact that the regiment was finally on its way to France and 
its big adventure was sufficient stimulus to keep all spirits 
high. 

On the morning of January 25th, a beautiful clear day, 
the passage tlirough the submarine net that guarded Halifax 
harbor was oi)eiied and the "llaltic" steame<l to its anchorage. 
The historic town, located at the foot of snow clad and heavily 
timbered hills, with its harbor filled with craft of all kinds, 
including large transi)orts, freighters, battleships and cruisers, 
all most elaborately camoufiaged ; the activity on the colliers 
and the bustle of the harbor tugs made a sight long to be 
remembered. Here the convoy of which the Baltic was to be 
a part was gathering, and at 1 :30 P. ^I., January 2Tth, under 
the escort of a liritish cruiser, the convoy of ten ships w^eighed 
anchor and put to sea. 

The "Baltic" was a remarkably smooth riding ship, the 
sea, although not smooth Avas at no time uncomfortably rough, 
and the sjiectacle of tlie eh'ven shijis steaming in convoy forma- 
tion, signalling back and forth, never lost its interest and the 
prospect of meeting a submarine at any moment kejit the trip 
from becoming monotonous. At night not a light w^as to be 
seen, Avith the exception of a small stern light on the cruiser, 
and the occasional rapid fiash of a i)rojector as orders were 
given from the leader jind answered by the convoy. Band con- 
certs were given each day by the regimental band, and one day 
a boxing match held on the rear hatch served as an additional 
attraction. 

For eight days the convoy steamed steadily along without 
incident, the regular submarine lookout of the ship's crew hav- 
ing been augmented by reliefs of soldiers and the officers in turn 
standing watch on the captain's bridge. The ship's crew 



158 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

stayed constantly by its gun and to each soldier had been 
assigned a defensive station in case of attack. As the fog lifted 
on the 4th of F.ebrnary several small dark specks were 
observed bobbing against the sky line. Field glasses were 
trained on these objects which were quickly identified as Brit- 
ish destroyers, whose addition to our escort indicated that we 
were entering the so-called danger zone. 

Throughout the entire voyage from Halifax a much camou- 
flaged, high nosed transport, the "Tuscania", filled with Ameri- 
can soldiers, had followed immediately in the wake of the 
"Baltic". About 6:30 in the evening of February 5th, a 
report Avas heard from the direction of the ''Tuscania" and 
almost inniicdiately all lights were turned on in that ill-fated 
shi]) and signals of distress were sent up. We on the "Baltic" 
realized at once that one more sul)marine had accomplished its 
mission, but we did not learn until some days later that more 
than two hundred American soldiers had gone to their death 
when the "Tuscania" went down. It seemed cowardly and in- 
human to make no effort to save our fellow soldiers, many of 
whom we knew must be struggling in the water, but the rule 
was that when one of a convoy was torpedoed only the de- 
stroy^ers might stop for rescue work. 

On the morning of February 6th, the Baltic docked at 
Liver]>ool, the ocean tri]) of fourteen days was finished and the 
148th Field Artillery was actually a part of the American 
Ex] editionary Forces. 

Before unloading each soldier was furnished with a can of 
"Bully Beef" and a small loaf of bread as travel rations. The 
batteries were formed and marched in single file from the boat 
to the train shed where cars were waiting to carry the regiment 
to the historic old town of Winchester, near which was located 
Cam]> Wiiinal Down, a rest camj) where American troops were 
rested and held pending the arrangement of transportation to 
take them to France and which proved to be our primary des- 
tination. 

England is not at her best in February, but com])ared to 
the cold and snow of New Jersey, the climate of England 
seemed like si)ring. To the men from the far west accustomed 
to broad open stretches of uniHowed land the sight of the small, 
carefully tilled fields, the orderly i)aiks and the trim country 
houses imi)ressed them as a land of toy farms and villages. 
Some liberty in the city of Winchester was allowed and oppor- 
tunity afforded to visit the old Winchester cathedral and 
Woolsey castle ruins. 

No drill was engaged in at this camp but daily hikes for 
exercise were taken and every opiiortunity was given the 
soldiers to bathe and clean equii)ment and to allow for rest and 
relaxation after the long sea tri]). A detachment of British 
Royal Field Artillery was in training at this camp and much 



History of 6Gtii Field Artilleuy Urigade 159 

interest was evidenced by oni- men in the liritisli drill and 
salute. 

On Saturday. Fcbrnary !Mh. the rejiinieiit was foniu'd and 
headed by its band marched to the railroad station to entrain 
for Southampton. The short trip was altogether enjoyable, as 
the scenes of lOnjilish countryside held the interest of every 
soldier. 

Ui)on reaching' Southampton the regiment was marched to 
the pier where the channel steamer, "Prince (Jeorge," was 
moored. The ''Prince (leorge" ajtpeared about large enough to 
comfortably accommodate a battery, but by pushing and 
crowding the entire regiment, less a detachment of headciuar- 
ters and snpjdy companies, which had been left to bring bag- 
gage, was put aboard. 

The tiij) down the Solway river was (piiet and interesting, 
but as the month of the river was reached the water became 
very rongh. and it was uncertain whether the crossing could be 
made. However the soldiers may have felt about the matter, 
the destroyer assigned as escort signalled that we were to go 
on, and the "Prince George," with its escort of one destroyer, 
started across the Channel. The start and finish of the Channel 
trij) were about the only ])arts that really interested the soldiers 
and the following morning it was a bedraggled and haggard 
appearing lot of Americans who walked down the gang ]ilaiik. 

A march of about five miles placed the regiment in 
another rest camp on the outskirts of Havre. This camp was 
under the jurisdiction of the British and was equipped with 
floored tents and English kitchens. Blankets were also |)ro- 
vided by the camp authorities and it was here that the 
American soldier began really to appreciate the eciuipmeut 
and rations provided by the American army. Sunday was 
devoted entirely to resting, bathing and sight seeing. There 
was a large British hospital near the rest camp and a unit 
of Australian soldiers stationed in the vicinity doing guard 
duty while resting from front line duty. Naturally it did 
not take our men long to make friends with the Australians, 
whom they greatly respected and admired. 

The only military duty performed at this place besides 
the necessary guard and fatigue was an exercise march by 
battalions on Monday, which was undertaken more in the 
spirit of a sight-seeing tri]» than a military duty. This section 
of France is truly beautiful and the un fenced fields, the 
absence of any uncultivated ground, the finely kept tree-lined 
highways and the })ictui'es(pio country houses were of real in- 
terest to the Americans. Probably the most interesting things 
to the soldiers from the Western part of the Ignited States 
were the exceptionally fine Percheron and Belgian horses seen 
on every farm, which were to contrast so sharply with the 



160 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

animals wliicli were later seen in the fields and vineyards of 
southern France, 

On Tuesda}' afternoon, February 12, 1918, the regiment 
was inarched to the railroad station at Havre, where a regula- 
tion French troop train was waiting to take it to the training 
center in southern France. It is with somewhat of a start that 
we became aciiuainted with a regulation French troop train, 
and learned that the box cars marked ''Chevaux 8-Hommes 10" 
were to be our berths during a trip. The regiment was loaded 
onto one train and started on the interesting but tiresome 
trip to Camp de Souge, w^hich had been designated as our 
training center, a journey of about a day and a half. 

Camp de Souge is located on a sandy plain, about ten 
miles southwest of Bordeaux. It had been used as a concen- 
tration point by the French, and was provided with long, 
shed-like barracks and open kitchens. The barracks were con- 
crete floored and well lighted, and as a wooden bunk and plenty 
of straw was provided for each soldier, every one was made 
comfortable and after the long travel the sight of an orderly 
camp on the edge of a beautiful pine forest was indeed wel- 
come. Extensive improvements and expansion were under way, 
as this camp was to be one of the largest of the artillery train- 
ing centers for American units. 

Although at the time of the announcement that the list 
division was to be a replacement and training division, the 
116th and 118th regiments of field artillery had been desig- 
nated as units to form a brigade of corps artillery, we did 
not know until our arrival at Camp de Souge that these 
regiments were to be equipped with the 155 m/in Filloux 
rifles, commonly known as the 155 G. P. F., a comparatively 
new piece of French ordnance looked upon as the acme of 
perfection for mobile heavy artillery. 

One battalion of the 51st coast artillery had been in 
training with this material at Camp de Souge and ^vas 
designated as training battalion for the 66th field artillery 
brigade. An excei)tionally competent corps of French in- 
structors under the direction of Captain La Riviere had been 
assigned to the theoretical instruction of the brigade and all 
arrangements had been made for a thorough and comprehen- 
sive course of training. 

The outstanding' features of the 155 in/m G, P. F. were 
its great mobility, its accuracy in direction, its wide traverse 
and long- range. The rifle mounted in travel positions weighed 
25,710 pounds without spades or caterpillar bands, and was 
mounted on rubber tires. The gun was drawn by large 50 
H. P. Renault tractors capable of pulling the iiiece at a speed 
of 15 kilometers an hour. Having a split trail a traverse of 
approximately 700 decigrads could be obtained, which per- 

For detailed data concerning 155 m/m G. P. F. see appendix. 



HiSTOUV OF (HiTlI FlKI.n AuTILLKUV I'lKKiADl': IGl 

mitted of coveiiiig a wide are Avitlioul shift in<>- the trails. 
With specially designed shells a range of ten miles was 
obtained. Personnel, amninnition and sni>plies were carried in 
.S-ton White trucks. 

Brigadier General ICrnest Hinds, who later was promoted 
to the rank of major general, and 1o command the artillery of 
the army, was in command of the brigade at the time of 
arrival of the 148th F. A. at Camj) Songe, but was shortly 
relieved by Brigadier General E. J. ^IcGlachlin, Jr., who was 
also made a major general, and succeeded in command of the 
GOth F. A. Brigade by Brigadier General William Lassiter, 
But after a few weeks General Lassiter shared the good 
fortune of his predecessors and was appointed a major general, 
the command of the brigade falling to Colonel Edwin F. 
Scott, who remained in command until the third day of 
November. 



CHAPTER III 



More than eight mouths had eUipsed since the National 
Guard units had been mobilized and drafted into Federal 
service, and every minute of the time had been utilized in 
training, disciplining and equipping, so that the rudiments of 
soldiering, which are the same for all branches of the service, 
had been well learned. Now, however, for the first time the 
regiment knew what equipment it was to have, and what 
particular role it was to play. Accordingly it was with 
renewed energy and interest that the work of perfecting an 
organization for the G. P. F. material and training officers 
and men in its use was undertaken. Gun sections, signal 
sections, battalion and battery details, as well as headquarters 
details, were rearranged and schools for each department and 
for officers were started. Details of officers and men were 
sent to various schools in other parts of France to receive 
special instruction, but the mass of the work was conducted 
at Camp de Souge. 

Despite the pressure of training, the question of amuse- 
ment and diversion was given consideration. Baseball dia- 
monds sprang up as if by magic, the Y. M. C. A. established 
a recreation hall where moving pictures were shown, reading 
and writing rooms provided and an occasional boxing match 
staged. Passes for Saturday afternoons and Sundays in 
Bordeaux were issued and opportunity afforded to relax during 
week ends so that on Monday mornings the training was 
always attacked with vigor. 

About the latter part of March, the details from the spe- 
cial schools returned, the gun crews were well trained, and 
the officers and special details had a good working knowledge 
of their duties. It was now possible to co-ordinate the differ- 
ent activities and finally organize the units upon a field basis. 
Complete equipment for the regiment was arriving and the 
regiment, which up to this time had been, insofar as materiel 
was concerned, an artillery regiment in name only, began to 
assume the appearance of a real artillery organization. 

To attempt to describe in detail the training the regi- 
ment underwent in the period just described would necessi- 
tate a long and uninteresting- narrative, uninteresting in com- 
parison with the exciting days that were to come later, but 
at the time filled with interest and enthusiastic effort. Tractor 
maneuvering, truck driving, mechanical maneuvers with the 
guns, laying and repairing lines of communication; sketching, 
figuring firing data, and methods of fire are technical subjects 



History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 163 

to which vohinies are devoted and cannot be described in de- 
tail in a liistory of this kind. 

From tlie time the soldiers boarded the traiis])ort. the 
censorship regulations went into force and all letters were 
forbidden to contain any specific information regarding 
troops, movements or matters that might be of value to the 
enemy. All letters had to be read and signed by an officer, a 
provision of which all saw the need and wisdom, but at first 
somewhat embarrassing to both olficers and men. This em- 
l)arrassment soon woi-e off as the operation became purely 
mechanical with the oflicers, and the men learned that no con 
fidences were being violated. 

About the first of April a series of road marches and 
simple maneuvers was started, which was followed by target 
practice on the long Camp de Souge range. A battery of 75 
m/m guns manned by a detachment of the 147th F. A., was 
used for instruction in firing dilTerent problems and practi- 
cing various methods of adjustment and observation, balloons 
and airplanes from squadrons stationed near the artillery 
camp being used for much of this work. This practice was 
followed by similar work with our own material. 

A center of instruction for heavy artillery had been es- 
tablished at Libourne and during the latter part of April and 
the first part of May, the regiment was moved by battalions 
to this area for field maneuvers and final instruction. This 
movement involved a convoy of about 50 kilometers and as 
it Avas the first movement of any length undertaken by the 
battalions as units its successful completion was viewed as a 
mark of progress. The First battalion occupied billets at St, 
Suli)ice and Regimental headciuarters, Second and Third bat- 
talions at Castillon. The regiment was later concentrated at 
Castillon. The experience of being billeted in private homes 
was entirely new to our men, but again it did not take long 
for them to adapt themselves to the new situation, which 
proved interesting and gave thean an insight into French life 
that could not have been otherwise obtained. Both towns oc- 
cupied were in the valley of the Dordogne river. This valley 
is rich in historic places and ruins, the country fertile and 
highly cultivated, being given over principally to the culture 
of wine grapes. The river gave opportunity for swimming 
and boating, and the many little towns, each with its bit of 
interesting history, provided sources of amusement, study and 
pleasure. 

The period of instruction in this territory was by far the 
most interesting and valuable of any that we encountered. At 
first classes were sent to the training center at Libourne, 
but it soon became evident that the regiment had finished in- 
struction along the lines provided by the school there, so all 
time was devoted to field problems and maneuvers. As at this 



164 History of GGtii Field Artillery Brigade 

stage of the war the battle Hues were practically stable, in- 
struction was received in the preparation of gun emplace- 
ments, construction of deep dugouts and shelters, but the 
regiment was given strenuous field training in mobile warfare 
as Avell. Battle situations were assumed, ]»ositions occupied, 
advances accomplished, observation stations manned, night 
movements made, positions camouflaged and in every way 
actual battle conditions and operations simulated. So stren- 
uous was this part of the work that neither oflficers nor men 
believed that such rapid movement could be executed at the 
front. But it was without a doubt the admirable training 
received during this period that enabled the regiment to func- 
tion so successfully when it engaged in actual combat. 

More than a year had elapsed since the Ignited States had 
declared war and ten months had passed since the mobilization 
of the units which formed the 148th F. A. and the nucleus of 
each of which had had practically a year's field instruction on 
the Mexican border previous to the call for the war with Ger- 
many. Now, however, the regiment felt it was ready to take 
its place with any army and as the news from the battle 
fronts told of gallant fighting by American forces acting as 
units it was unanimously believed the regiment would be 
sent to the front and enthusiasim ran high. The German drive 
toward Paris had been checked at the Marne and the Ameri- 
can soldiers had played an important part in the action, but 
the salient gained by the Germans at Ohateau Thierry put 
them dangerously close to Paris, and the air was tense with 
suspense awaiting a further ett"(>rt on the ]»art of the Germans 
to exploit their recent successes. So when orders were re- 
ceived on July 2nd to prepare for movement to the front there 
was not niiuch question in any one's mind as to the regiment's 
destination, and the final preparations for the movement were 
quickly completed. 

On July 4th the First battalion entrained at Libourne, 
and started, with the other units following at daily intervals 
in the order, Second battalion. Third battalion. Headquarters 
and Siij)i)ly companies. 

The good peojde of Castillon, who had done everything in 
their power to make our stay in their little town pleasant and 
comfortable heard with regret of the de]»arture of the regi- 
ment, and to show their aff'ection and regard organized a 
torch light or rather lantern jiarade in our honor when we 
left for the front. 



CHAPTER IV 



Each Itattalioii and tlic li('a<l(|uart<M's and supjdv coniiianies 
loaded its material and e(|uipinent on Hat cars, assijiiied one 
man to each car for onai-d, h>a(led personnel on third-class cars 
and box cars and started north. Six soldiers in one compart- 
ment did not make the most comfortable ridinij imajiinable, 
bnt snch details mattered very little now tliat the rejiiment was 
actnally to jio into battle, and to play the part for which it had 
been waitinjj and training'- for nearly a year. Too many sol- 
dier-laden trains had passed the lenjitli of France to aronse 
enthnsiasni at the si«>ht of a train of artillery, so there were 
quiet and only slightly interested spectators at the many sta- 
tions passed. The trij) from the training center to the front 
was one of twenty-fonr hours but not until the P^iftel Tower 
could be seen in the distance and the bridge across the Seine 
had been crossed did the soldiers really become interested. 
Then long hospital trains bearing woinided American soldiers 
were met, and naturally when the artillery train tilbnl with 
untried soldiers stopped near a hospital train questions and 
answers flew fast. The 148th soldiers were Avonderfully im 
pressed with the spirit and enthusiasm of the wounded men, 
and they in turn were much interested in the large guns and 
tractors. 

Coulommiers, the station originally designated as our de- 
training point had recently been subjected to heavy bombing 
so La Ferte Gaucher, situated about ten kilometers further 
east, was selected in its stead. There an officer met each train 
with orders to unload at once and hasten the guns into posi- 
tion as the (lermans were massing troo]»s across the ]\Iarne and 
it was expected they \\-oul(l attack at any monuMit. A rough 
road sketch was given battalion commanders, who wer<» ordered 
to report at once to the head(iuai'ters of Colonel (Miarlier. a 
French officer commanding the heavy artillery of the sector 
directly south of Chateau-Thierry, and to rejoin the column 
after it had moved forward. 

Although this detraining ]»oint was about forty-five kilo 
meters behind the front it was the closest lateral main liiif 
and the greatest })re(^autions were exercised to ])revent air 
raids. Not a light was allowed aftei- dark, ;uid train after 
train passed this point without the smallest light of any kind 
showing. Unloading ]»ro(eeded as rapidly as possible in the 
darkness, and as quickly as materiel was off the cars it was 
hidden along the tree-covered roads. All men not actually 
at work were kept at cover at all times, and kitchens, which 



166 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

had been set up to provide hot meals, were carefully located 
under heavy foliage. Just as soon as the unloading was com- 
pleted columns were formed and the convoys set out in the 
direction of Chateau-Thierry. 

Each village passed was filled with French soldiers, every 
road was clearly marked with large signs, long columns of 
French camions driven by drivers who seemed about to col- 
lapse from weariness passed going toward the railroad, and on 
all sides were signs of intense activity. The closer the approach 
to the front the less became the visible signs of activity in the 
daytime, but just after sunset every road became a scene of 
teeming hurry and bustle. Camions without end passed; 
columns of horse artillery, transport wagons, and foot soldiers 
churned along every road. On the broad main highways there 
were at times as many as three columns moving at once, to the 
untrained eye a scene of hopeless confusion, but to those ac- 
customed to such a sight an orderly and quick movement ; each 
unit having a definite objective and operating on a definite 
schedule. 

Definite plans and exact locations for artillery positions 
had been worked out by the French staff, and staff officers of 
Colonel Charlier's staff escorted battalion commanders to the 
locations assigned them and gave every assistance possible to 
hasten the occupation of the positions. So important was it 
deemed to place artillery immediately that the guns proceeded 
to their positions in broad daylight and the work of placing 
them in firing position, constructing pits and shelter trenches 
was pushed with all speed. The Germans were showing no 
signs of activity whatsoever, and judged by aerial or artillery 
activity on their part the territory north of the Marne might 
have been deserted. Such tactics the French stated were 
typical of the Germans before making an attack. Nevertheless 
every detail of construction and protection was completed by 
the batteries, ammunition was hauled, observation posts con 
structed and manned, telephone connections run to head 
quarters and to all neighboring units, projector stations estab 
lished, first aid and dressing stations located, radio stations 
opened, reconnaissances made for new forward positions and 
roads designated for movements in any direction. Battle 
schedules were received from the French, data and programs 
carefully prepared and all guns registered. Thus everything 
was in readiness, every gun had fired into enemy territory and 
with a spirit of subdued excitement the big battle, which every- 
one felt was inevitable, was awaited. 

The 148th field artillery was located in the territory 
directly south of Chateau-Thierry, between Dormans and Vaux, 
and at a distance of from three to five kilometers from the 
front lines. The positions occupied by the different head- 
quarters, batteries and echelons are shown in detail on the 




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acconipanyinj;- iiiap. The tiisl and third battalions remained in 
their original jxtsitious until after the first jthase of the battle, 
but it was found necessarv to make two moves with the second 
battalion to meet new situaticuis. The echelons, the base of 
the supply, lepair and ammunition supplies were located from 
two to four kilometers in rear of the battery positions, each 
battalion havinji a sei)arate base, an arrangement necessi 
tated by the large territory usually assigned a regiment of 
155 G. P. F. guns. 

To })revent the concentration of German trooj)s and guns, 
which the high command knew was being attemjited, the Allies 
kept constant watch on the enemy territory by means of bal 
loons, airplanes and terrestrial observation posts. At night a 
heavy tire was nmintained on all probable concentration points 
and all roads and lines of communication. Part of this work 
was assigned to the 148th field artillery. The sight of the 
numerous flashes from the artillery, the star shells and signal 
rockets, the deep booming of the many guns, and the constant 
movements of men and supplies along the dark roads made a 
picture long to be remembered. Numerous gas alarms would 
travel from the front lines and the awesome sound of the alarm 
GAS with the sounding of claxons and warning i)istol shots 
were disconcerting at first, but soon it was learned that no 
alarm was serious unless sounded by the gas guards in the 
immediate vicinity. 

Such was the program followed until the night of the 13th 
of July when orders Avere received to start the battle program, 
which was immediately done and the entire country was lit by 
the flashes of the artillery that had been massed in great 
quantity in this area, lint the order was soon cancelled as it 
was determined that the alarm had been unfounded, and the 
program of interdiction and harassing fire was resumed. How- 
ever, about seven o'clock in the evening of July 14th instruc- 
tions were received to be particularly watchful as the real 
attack was expected that night or early the following morning. 
The warning was ai)pareutly well founded for just at midnight 
orders were received to start the battle program or C. P. O. 
(counter prejiaration ofl'ensive) firing. That the attack was 
intended in all earnest this time soon became apparent when 
enemy shells started exjjloding in all parts of our territory, 
lines of communication were shot out but immediately repaired 
by signal details, and the night rent with hideous noise and 
flashes. Observers in forward observation stations on the 
heights above the Marne reported the firing on the front lines 
terrific and the presence of gas, but soon many of the lines to 
these stations were destroyed and were again and again shot 
out almost as fast as they could be repaired. All through the 
night the firing continued, becoming even more intense at day- 
break when word was received that the German infantry was 



1G8 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

advancing. How the American soldiers ref'nsed to give an inch 
of gronnd and stopped the attack in their immediate front ifs 
well known; how the artillery ponnded unceasingly in support 
of the infantry; how shells and sni)plies arrived despite the 
heavy shelling from the (Terman gnus; how the allied aviators 
cleared the skies of hostile aircraft are facts that have been 
rej:)eatedly told. 

The only footing south of the Marne obtained by the 
(Jermans was in the vicinity of Dormans, but there the French 
were making a gallant resistance and by shifting a mass of 
artiller}' to concentrate on this area the bridges and crossing 
of the river were destroyed, reserves cut off and the attack 
lialted, such (lermau troops as had crossed to the south bank 
being forced to retreat as best they might. So on July 17th 
the enemy attack was definitely stopped without their gaining 
the slightest ground. The long range guns were again utilized 
for interdiction fire on the rear areas, only an intermittent 
lire being conducted, and the next move was awaited with 
interest. There was not long to wait, for about 10 o'clock of 
the same night a terrific concentration of artillery could be 
seen pouring into the German lines from our extreme left. 
This was the preparation fire for the great counter attack 
that was destined to drive the Germans from their hard won 
salient and in Vhich the 148th was to join a few days later. 

IM'actically every organization in the regiment had been 
treated to either an artillery or aerial bombardment during 
this first engagement, but Battery "E" was most heavily 
shelled and suffered the most casualties, losing two killed at 
an observation post and having eight more or less seriously 
gassed at the batterv positions, none of which cases proved 
fatal.* 

By firing at extreme ranges the regiment was able to 
support the attack being carried against the Germans' right 
flank and all guns were used for this purpose until July 20th, 
when regimental headquarters and the first and second bat- 
talions received orders to move to the west, across the Marne 
and join the advance. The third battalion was ordered to 
occupy advanced jiositions in the same area, but before fire 
could be opened from the new positions orders were received 
to follow the first and second battalions, which was done on 
the night of July 21st. 

The bridges that had beeen thrown across the Marne at 
Chateau-Thierry woud not support the heavy G. P. F.'s, so it 
was necessary to convoy to Mery-sur-Marne, cross at that point 
and proceed on the north bank of the river, a journey of about 
fifty kilometers, but accomplished in less than six hours on the 
fine broad highwavs. 



*For list of killed and wounded with reference to battles and dates, 
see appendix. 



llis'ioKV oi' (i(!iii I-'iKLii Ai;tii,i,i;kv I5i;i(;AitK l(i9 

So fi'oin a liij^hly (rained hut uiilricd organization the 
148th field artilh'ry liad become a veteran rejiinient, had 
finished one hi<»- battle and was abont to lake part in another. 
The battle, now known as the Marne Defensive, the first battle 
in which American troops had taken part in any considerable 
nnmbers, had been a <»lorions snccess. 



CHAPTER V 



The American troops taking; part in the fighting that 
resulted in driving the Germans out of the Marne salient and 
north of the Vesle were the First, Second, Third and Fourth 
divisions of the regular arlny, and the Twenty-sixth. Twenty- 
eighth, Thirty-second and Forty-second of the National Guard. 
Some of these divisions constituted our first army corps. 
others were attached to French corps. With the beginning 
of the so-called Marne offensive, our brigade, although for 
the first time in the field under its brigade commander, began 
to function as corps artillery of the First army corps. 

After the night crossing of the Marne, our regiment rested 
one day in an orchard just north of the village of Bezu-le- 
Guery, and from there the first and second battalions went 
into position in territory from which the Germans had just 
been driven, the third battalion being tem])orarily held in a 
position of readiness. As the advance ]»roceeded the third 
battalion was advanced beyond the otlun's and as it took up 
the firing the other battalions moved forward. This system 
of ''jumping" was followed throughout the advance until all 
the units were approximately on a line when the advance 
halted at the Vesle. The actual positions of the dift'erent 
headquarters, batteries and echelons are shown on the accom- 
panying map. 

It is entirely truthful and safe to state that never in the 
history of any army was corps or heavy artillery maneuvered 
with greater speed than the units of the 6Gth field artillery 
brigade during the period of this advance. From the time 
these regiments entered the sector of the First American corps, 
and were assigned their first definite missions until their 
relief after more than three weeks of the hardest kind of 
fighting, constant fire was maintained and each advance of 
the infantry and divisional artillery Avas accompanied by at 
least one battalion of our G. P. F's. Tn practically every 
position, our guns were on the same line as the 75's and 
howitzers, the theory of the brigade commander being that 
long range guns were designed to shoot far in enemy territory 
and not to remain far behind our own lines. 

Throughout the entire advance of the American forces 
in this sector the Germans displayed determined resistance. 
Every foot of the advance was contested with machine gun 
and light artillery fire, the latter being augmented by heavy 
artillery fire as our troops approached the Vesle and canu' 
within the range of the heavv guns tliat had been willi 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 171 

drawn beyond the Aisne river. Between the Ourcq and the 
Vesle good roads became scarcer, the heavil.v timbered country 
being traversed by few and comparatively narrow higlnviiy.s. 
All of this country had been occupied by the (Jerinaiis, who 
were of course familiar with every inch of it, and as the Vesle 
was reached the German artillery lire became very intense and 
accurate, the German planes showing constant activity and 
persistence, although the American and French fliers were 
also active and each day brought many thrilling air battles 
as the supremacy of the air was contested. 

The Third battalion had been the first to advance to the 
vicinity of Cliery-(,Miartreuve, and had gone into position about 
one kilometer southwest of the town. On August 5tli, after 
this battalion had been firing for two days without developing 
any counter battery fire one German shell of large calibre 
exploded near the position of Battery '*E", killing three men 
and wounding eleven of the battery, mostly non-commissioned 
ollicers, four of whom later died. 

On August 3rd, the fine dry weather was broken by heavy 
rains that continued intermittently daily and when the Second 
and First battalions, which advanced to their last positions in 
this sector in the order named, made their advance on August 
4th, the country had become a veritable sea of mud and 
slime, the shell torn roads were almost impassable and only 
by almost superhuman eti'orts were the batteries able to occupy 
their positions southeast and south of Chery -Chartreuve. It 
was necessary to capstan the guns of the two battalions from 
the main road to the positions selected, and working night 
and day it was forty-ciglit hours before the last gun of Battery 
"C" was on its platform ready to fire. All guns of the regiment 
were now about on a line, and until August 11th a constant 
and heavy fire was maintained by all the batteries on the 
narrow strip of land between the Vesle and the Aisne and 
also upon the German positions to the north of the Aisne. The 
heights above the Vesle provided excellent points for observa- 
tion stations, and it was possible to adjust all guns daily and 
to have excellent control over all fire as well as to pick out 
fleeting targets. 

Orders were received on August 11th directing the regi- 
ment to move to the rear, the First and Second battalions 
being ordered to withdraw at once, while the Third battalion 
was to remain in position and continue firing until the others 
had completed their movement. 

The First and Second battalions had taken positions in 
the only remaining pos*sible locations in a narrow valley run- 
ning east and west, the westerly end being about a kilometer 
directly south of Chery-Chartreuve, which the soldiers named 
''Death Valley", and within the confines of which close to one 
hundred guns were almost constantly in action. As the bat- 



172 



History of OOtii Fiki^d Artilleuy Bkigadid 



teries were going into traveling position preparatory to taking 
the road, a (Jernian plane, Hying low, apparently observed the 
movement, for in a few minntes a heavy conceul ration of ar- 
tillery tire was i>oured into this part of the valley. The tire 
was particnlarly severe in the Second battalion territory, Bat- 
tery "C" sntl'ering three killed and twelve wonnded. and Bat- 
tery '*!)" two killed. l)esj»it(» the eonlinned shelling the move- 
ment was completed in a (piick and orderly manner, and 
dnring the night of Angnst 12th-13th, the Third battalion 
followed the First and Second battalions to a rest position 
in the liois de ('hatelet near Coincy, where a stop of fonr 
days was made. On Angnst ItUli a fnrtlier convo.\' look regi- 
mental headqnarters and the I^'irst battalion to St. Anid, the 
Second to Le J.imon Fme. and the Third to Bezn-la(inery, 
where they respectively remained nntil Angnst 2t)th. 

At. the time of the entrance of the regiment into com- 
bat the units were commanded as follows: 



Colonel Joseph \\'. Cavender 

1st Battalion 
Major H. C. Nickerson 
t5aj>tain Roy G. Coflin 
Captain \Vm. H. H. CranmcM- 

2nd linttalion 
Captain Victor \\. llungerford 
1st Lieut. Daniel W. Knowlton 
Captain Canton O'Donnell 

3rd Battalion 
Ca]»tain \\ illiani A. Sawtell 
Cai)tain I'^i-ank B. Nelson 
1st Lieut. (Jeorge H. Dutf 



Commanding 

Commanding 
Battery "A" 
liattery ''B" 

Commanding 
Battery "C" 
llattery ''D" 

('ommanding 
Battery "E" 
Battery "F" 



On July 12tli. J.ieutenant Colonel liurke H. Sinclair, who 
had been attached to the 121st field ai-tillery in Alsace for 
instruction, returned to the regiment and assumed command 
of the Second battalion on July 13th, Captain Hungerford 
returning to the command of Battery "C". On August 12, 
1918, Colonel Joseph \V. (Javender, who had commanded the 
118th held artillery frcun the time of its organization and 
who had jn-evionsly commanded the 3rd Wyoming infantry 
from the date of its nujbilization, July 25, 1017, until its in- 
corporation with the 148th F. A., was ordered to Blois, France, 
and Lieutenant Colonel Sinclair took command of the regi- 
ment, Ca|>tain llungerford assuming command of the Second 
battalion. 

A lu^w policy of sending trained offiicers weekly from ac- 
tive units to ofiicer new organizations in the United States 
had been inaugurated, and on July 22nd five lieutenants were 
detailed for this purpose, and left to take up their new duties, 
and thereafter until early in September, each week saw the 



History of OGth Field Ahtillkry Brigade 173 

coiiuiiissioued {K'r«oiniel diiiiiui.^lied iii uumbers as no replace- 
ments were foi'thcoinini*' during this period. 

After foui- days of c-oini)lete rest orders were issued for 
a iiiarcli in the direction of Clianniont, no definite destination 
IxMnj;- <;iveu. It was understood, however, that a rest area 
would be assigned and that the regiment would go through 
the usual rest area training and have ample opi)ortunity for 
renewing the equij)inent of the men and rej)airing the vehicles. 
Pursuant to these orders, on \Vednesday, August 21st, at 5:00 
A. M., the regiment started traveling in two sections — the 
trucks as the light column and the guns and tractors as the 
heavy column. The tirst day's march took the columns to the 
vicinity of \'iel .Maison, where camp was made in an orchard, 
the weather being ideal for camping out of doors. The fol- 
lowing morning an early start was again made and the col- 
umns reached Mery-sur-Seine about T)AH) T. M., where camji 
was made alongside the road. On the third day the regiment 
reached the neighborhood of Soulaines, where camp was 
pitched on the beantiful wooded hills west of the town and all 
men had an o})portnnity to bathe in the small lakes near by. 
Friday, August 23, 1018, was to see the units of the regiment 
reach their several destinations, which were now known, and 
as each battalion was to have its own billeting area, the regi- 
mental column was divided into battalion columns and the 
march begun with the battalions in the order, Third, Second, 
First. Their final destinations were reached about noon, 
regimental headipiarters and the First battalion being located 
at Cirey-sur-Rlaise, the Second battalion at Bouzoncourt and 
the Third battalion at Daillancourt. 

After the assignment to billets the work of policing the 
area, of cleaning vehicles and material, and of bathing and 
washing clothing was at once started. Telephone lines were 
strung connecting all battalions, small arms ranges were lo- 
cated, drill grounds selected and all preparations made for 
an extended stay and a resumjjtion of training activities. 
But barely were the men comfortably settled than orders were 
received to prepare to return to the front at once, and on 
Moiulay, August 2()th, at noon, the regiment started on its 
march to the Toul sector, ]»rei»aratory to taking part in the 
St. Mihiel offensive. 

Not until long afterwards was any explanation received 
as to the sudden change of ])lans, which necessitated this quick 
return to the front. But as was later explained, Marshal 
F(tch had decided after the brilliant success in the Marne de- 
fensive and the ('hami)agne-]M'arne offensive to j)ush activities 
as fast as pcjssible, and the St. Mihiel offensive, which had 
originally been inteii(l<'d for the early spring of 1019, was 
ordered to proceed the first part of September. 

The first half day's convoy ])laced the regiment at St. 



174 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

Dizier, where it remained until the night of August 27th, when 
night marches were started, the Urst of which took the col- 
umn north of Bar-le-Duc, and the second of which placed it in 
Camp Montheron in the Bois de Souilly. The greatest secrecy 
was observed in all these movements, as it was desired to make 
the St. Mtihiel attack a complete surprise. Reconnaissances 
for battery positions to the west of the so called St. Mihiel 
salient were made with the greatest care, P. C.'s were estab- 
lished and the positions were fully prepared, even the plat- 
forms being laid. The First battalion had actually placed at 
least one of its batteries in firing position and the guns of the 
Second battalion had gone forward from the Bois de Souilly 
to positions of concealment in close proximity to the points 
selected for their firing positions, when new orders were re- 
ceived ordering the regiment to the southerly side of the 
sector. 

On the night of Friday, September 6, 1918, the movement 
to the new assignment was started, the battalion commanders 
and orienteurs preceding the column to undertake their recon- 
naissances. A march of three nights placed the light column in 
a woods near Rojaumeix and the guns were concealed in other 
woods in the vicinity. On the night of September lUth began 
the movement of the guns to the positions selected and before 
midnight on the 11th, under physical conditions approximately 
those under which the Chery-Chartreuve positions were oc- 
cupied, the guns were all in position and ready to fire. Al- 
though a great mass of men and artillery was being concen- 
trated in this area, no guns were allowed to register, no troops 
or movements of any kind were permitted on the roads in 
daytime, and the sector to the daylight observer seemed ex- 
tremely quiet. At 1 :00 A. M., on September 12th, the greatest 
concentration of artillery in the history of the American 
army oijened the battle of St. Mihiel, and so intense was the 
American artillery fire that practically no retaliation was 
possible by the Germans. At 5:00 A. M. the infantry and 
tanks advanced, overcoming all obstacles and reaching all 
final objectives the first day. 

Before nightfall that day all the battalions of the 148th 
F. A. were ordered to advance and the Second battalion, going 
forward on the night of the 12th, was in firing position near 
Limey on the 13th, but before the First and Third, which were 
to jump the Second, had reached their positions, and before 
the Second battalion had fired from its new position, orders 
were received for the regiment to withdraw immediately and 
proceed to the vicinity of Rampont. 

Our regiment had now taken part in its third majoi- engage- 
ment, all three of which had been highly successful, and was 
under orders to proceed with all possible haste to what we 
assumed would be the scene of another. 



History of (idni Field Autilleuv Buigaue 



175 



Tlie coiimumd of tlio various units of the UStli F. A. in the 
St. Mihiel otlVnsi\(' were as fcdlows: 

Lt. Colonel I'.nrkc 11. Sinelair Commanding 

1st liattalion 
Major H. C. NicUerson Commanding P.attalion 

Lieut. Louis H. Pinliham, Jr. Battery "A" 
Capt. William IL H. Cranmer Battery ''B" 

2nd Battalion 
Capt. Victor W. Hungerford Commanding Battalion 



Lieut. Arthur F. Doran 
Capt. Canton O'Donnell 

3rd Battalion 
Capt. William A. Sawtell 
Lieut. George G. Knox 
Lieut. George H. Duff 



Battery 
Battery 



"C" 



Commanding Battalion 
Battery "E" 
Battery "F" 



The changes in command were occasioned by the additional 
details of officers having been sent to the United States as 
instructors and to officer new organizations. 



CHAPTER VI 



Great and deciding' changes had taken place in the war sit- 
uation since the spring of IDIS. Tlie offensive liad l)een wrested 
from the Germans and was firmly held by the Allies, from the 
ISth of July the enemy had been steadily driven back under 
the guiding genius of Marshal Foch, American soldiers were 
arriving from the United States at the rate of ten thousand 
each day, and the spirit of the French and British had 
changed from one of despondence and [lessimism to that of 
cheerfulness and oi)timism. The large numlter of Americans 
arriving formed a reserve, which permitted ^larshal Foch to 
use his seasoned troops for constant ott'ensives. The morale 
of the Germans Avas being severely undermined by their re- 
peated reverses, and it Avas deemed advisable to push the fight- 
ing all along the line from the North Sea to the Swiss border 
rather than to wait until the spring of 1919, as had been 
originally planned. To the Americans Avas assigned the task 
of striking at the German line of communications by an attack 
along the valley of the Meuse and through the Argonne Forest, 
a campaign Avliich will go doAvn in history as the Meuse- 
Argonne offensive. 

The ]>robleni of tlie American staff now became the move 
nuent of ])ractically the entire First American army, from the 
St. INlihiel sector to the vicinity of A^erdun, and to accomplish 
this movement Avitliout arousing the suspicions of the Germans, 
as surprise Avas essential in order to hold the German divi- 
sions, Avhich were being concentrated in large number near 
Metz, on the east of the St. Mihiel territory. Hoav well the 
American staff had learned its Avork and hoAv thoroughly 
trained and organized the American army had become was 
evidenced by the success of tliis movement, Avhich Avas effected 
almost entirely by night marches and convoys between Sep- 
tend)er IHth and 25th. 

The 118th field artillery parke<l in a heavy forest near 
Sanzey after AvithdraAving from the line and after spending 
one day pre])aring for the long convoy to its neAv field of ojiera- 
tions, started on the night of Se]»tem.ber 17th. The movement 
again Avas made in light and heavy columns, both halting at 
A'oid on the 18th, and the light column arriving at its destina- 
tion, the Bois de Sivry, on the morning of the 19th. Tlie 
heavy column parked at Amblaincourt on the 19th and moved 
the next day to Dugny, where it was halted Avhile reconnais- 
sances were made and positions prepared. The First and 
Second battalions occu]>ied their ])ositions on the night of 
September 21st, the Third battalion going into ])osition on the 



lIiSToKv (IF )i(iiii l-'ii;i.i> Aktim.kkv Ki;i(;.\i>k 177 

night of Septcinbcr 22nd. Aniniunition was hanled, sIudtfM* 
provided, and l».v Seplenilicr '2'.\vi\ the entire regiment was in 
complete readiness t<» fnnction. 

Promptly at 11 ::?() P. M. on the nigiit of Wednesday, Sep- 
tember 25th. the artilh'iy preparation started and the last 
battle of the war was on. Artillery had been massed for this 
attack in even greater (juantities than at Chateau-Thierry or 
St. Millie], and the din and rnndile of the cannon was terrific. 
The fitful lurid Ihishes, dotting here, there and everywhere, 
the long white rays from the searchlights that were assend)led 
in batteries of six or eiglit to sweep the heavens for enemy 
planes, the star shells and signal rockets, combined witli the 
terrific roar of the guns, suggested the idea of the entire world 
celebrating a Fourth of July. 

At five o'clock on the morning of September 2()th the 
infantry advanced and before seven o'clock large numbers of 
prisoners were pouring back, and encouraging reports of a 
rapid advance were received. Reconnaissance parties went 
forward to locate new ])ositions for the big guns and all ar- 
rangements were made to follow the attack. But the attack 
did not proceed with the rapidity ex])ected from the first 
advance. The roads crossing "No Man's Land" had been 
completely destroyed, tlie wooded hills had been strongly 
fortified with machine guns and line after line of wire had to 
be crossed. To make the task of the American soldiers even 
more difficult was the poor state of the roads, which noi-th of 
Verdun rapidly became narrow and steej) and bad!}' shell torn. 
From the east of the Meuse, the German artillery turned a 
heavy fire into the threatened tei'ritory. and the resistance 
offered the advance was extremely stubborn. 

But despite tlie resistance the American forces pushed on. 
gaining their objectives slowly but certainly, and on Se]>- 
tember 28tli. the' Third battal'ion of the 148th was pushed 
across ''No Plan's Land," almost to the shadow of ^lontfaucon, 
from which position fire could be laid u])on the assembly 
points of the (Jerman reserves and their lines of communica- 
tion kei»t under fire. The Second battalion was placed in 
position in the destroyed village of Ksnes, but did not fire 
from this ]>ositiou. The guns of the First battalion mean- 
while ha<l been shifted to counter the German fire from the 
east of the Meuse. 

While the front lines were less than a kilometer north of 
Nantillois, the Second battalion advanced to a position near 
that town, from which they could r<>ach far into enemy terri- 
tory and cut oti' su])]tlies and destroy rear concentration points 
and lines of communication. ^^Mlen the first platoon of Bat- 
tery ''D" went into jiosition at this point, its guns were the 
furthest advanced of any in that sector. Although in this 
position the Second battalion was subjected to heavy artillery 



178 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

fire and even to iiiacliiiie g'lin fire, the work of the batteries 
never stopped and a constant fire was maintained. 

The advance of the Second battalion had been made on 
October 5th. On October 2nd, the First battalion had ad- 
vanced to a position east of Ciiisy, from which position fire was 
resumed against the German batteries east of the Meuse. The 
Third battalion was advanced to a position in the Brieulles 
woods on October 16th, and on the 20th the First battalion 
moved north of Nantillois to a position about two kilometers 
south of Cunel, from which village the Germans had recently 
been driven. 

The fighting, which had been pushed without a moment's 
rest, continued with vigor. Divisions were relieved by fresh 
divisions and the attack renewed, but the heavy artillery 
hammered away unceasingly and Avithout hope of relief until 
the army objectives were avou. Gun crews worked in reliefs 
and the guns fired day and night. Truck drivers and ammuni- 
tion details were hard pressed to keej) the supply of ainmu 
nitiou sufHcient. Despite the terrible condition of the roads 
which were made worse by the mud and slime caused by the 
daily rains, the rations and supplies arrived regularly. Every 
oflScer and man worked to the limit of his strength, the one 
thought uppermost in the minds of all being to give the in- 
fantry constant support that they might accomplish their mis- 
sions with the minimum losses and maximum speed. 

During October, with the collapse of Bulgaria and Turkey, 
rumors became rife of an end to hostilities, of an armistice 
about to be signed and the withdrawal of the German armies. 
To the American soldier plodding along in mud and wet and 
daily meeting stubborn resistance from the enemy such rumors 
seemed wildly extravagant and little faith was put in them. 
The soldiers knew one sure way of ending the war and that 
method was pursued with all vigor. Daily the planes would 
droj) packages of newsjjapers in the forward areas and it was 
with joy the news of the advances of the French and British 
troops was noted, but the exchange of notes between President 
Wilson and the German government created no great enthu- 
siasm, as the soldiers were convinced that it was merely a 
ruse of the Germans and that the fighting would go on into 
1919, when every soldier felt confident the German army would 
be annihilated. 

After the heights north of Bantheville had been caj)tured 
in the attack of November 1st, the advance progressed very 
ra])idly, and on the 3rd of November the Second battalion 
was advanced to the neighborhood of riery-le-Grand. While 
the allied troops were everywhere advancing, events elsewhere 
were moving rapidly. The capitulation of Austria, the abdica- 
tion of the Kaiser and the Crown I'rince, the revolutions in 
Berlin and all llic subdivisions of tlie Gernmn enii»ire. with 



History of 66th Fip:li) Artillery Brigade 170 

the request fur tenii.s for an armistice, .showed thai the end 
was near. These developnienls in no wise affected the move- 
ments of the allied forces. 

An attack was to be launched north and casi fioni N'erdun 
towards M(Mz and the First and Thii-d l>attalions were ordered 
to cross llie .Mense at \'erdnn and advance on the east bank 
ill support of the attack. But no sooner had the river been 
crossed than new orders were received taking the battalions 
back to their former area. This movement occurred November 
9th, and the return was made on the 10th. By this time the 
terms of the armistice had been communicated to the Germans 
and it was generally understood that if acce|>ted by them all 
hostilities ^^^)^lld cease at 11 A. M., November 11th, but despite 
this, the Second battalion moved one gun across the river at 
Dun-sur -Meuse, and arrangements were made to push all guns 
toward Stenay. But on the morning of November 11th orders 
were received to cease fire promptly at 11 A. M,, as the 
armistice had been signed. 

"\A'ith but a very short interval and that interval devoted 
mostly to long convoys, the regiment had been constantly ac-tive 
since July 5th, and it was with combined feelings of elation 
and relief that the order was received. The physical and men- 
tal strain of four big battles in as many months had been 
more than any one had actually realized until the ordeal was 
over, and although both the physical and weather conditions 
encountered during the intervening period were most unfavor- 
able in the neighborhood of Blercourt and Dombasle. to which 
the regiment had been withdrawn after the armistice became 
effective and pending the next disposition of the command, 
the opportunity thus afforded for rest and relaxation was 
welcomed by all. 

The continuous strain had not only been hard on men but 
also on clothing and ecjuipment, and while the men were rest- 
ing every effort was made to re-equip the regiment with every- 
thing required. This process was speeded up when it was 
learned that the 66th F. A. brigade had been transferred to the 
Third Ajuericau army, which had been designated as the 
American army to act as our Army of Occupation in Germany, 
and before the end of November tlie regiment was in complete 
readiness for the movement towards the Rhine. 

All shortages of personnel and equipment had been made 
good, practically every man had drawn new clothing, the 
material had been thoroughly cleaned and overhauled, and 
after turning in most of the Renault tractors and all of the 
White trucks which had served us faithfully and well since 
their issue at Camj) de Souge, the regiment was issued an 
equivalent of rehabilitated Renaults and a motley collection 
of Nash Quad and F. W. D. trucks, all of which had seen 
service at the hands of other organizations. Thus equipped, 



180 lIlSTOUY OK GOtII FllOLl) AUTILLKUY BuiGAUE 

witli I'oad recouiiaissimces niadc aiul llio fii-sl billetinji; area 
located, the order for the march into (Jei-inan.v was ini]>a- 
tieutly waited. 

In the last eiij;a^iMiienl, h.v tar the most severe of any 
ill which the American troops had jKirticipated, the regiment 
suffered luimerous casualties, practically every unit having 
men killed or wonnch'd. (Coinjilete list with dates and loea 
tions are given in the ai»iiendix.) Many deeds of heroism and 
bravery wvvv jierformed and to Trivate John IMurphy of 
i>attery 'V" was later awarded the D. S. (\ for conspicuous 
gallantry in the position of the HrieuUes woods. The Avork of 
lieavy artillery is not sjuMtacnlar. hui rather a constant and 
nerve-racking giind. I'^ven when onr guns were up with the 
light artilh'ry and close behind the infantry lines, as happeaed 
on nunuM'ons occasions, the work lack<Ml the excitement of 
combat with a visibU' enemy. Day and night the shells must 
be kept falling on the enemy rear aicas to i)revent the accumu- 
lation of sui)plies and to prevent concentrations; enemv 
reserves must be given no rest an.l all lines of communication 
swept with tire; machine gun infested woods must be shelled 
or gassed, batteries iieutraliztMl and every supjiort and pro- 
tection given the infantry. No work of the army possesses 
more fascination than that of the (5. V. F., for its missions are 
so varied, its service must be so precise and mathematically 
correct, and its field t>f action is so extensive. 

The command of the various units in the .Meuse-Argonne 
ott'ensive were as follows : 

Colonel .). r. Sjiurr; 

Lieut. Col. IJurke 11. Sinclair; 

Major H. (\ Nickerson. 

In turn, commanding Kegiment 

1st IJaltalion 
]Major 11. (\ Xickersou Commanding 

Capt. Wm. 11. II. Cranuu'r 

Lieut. Louis II. rinkhani, .Ir. I'.altery "A"" 

rapt. Wm. II. 11. Cranmei-; 
Lieul. r. II. llackslalV IJallerv "W 

L'nd Hattalion 
Major Victor W. llungerford; Commanding 

Capt. Canton O'Donnell 

Capt. Arthur F. Doran Battery ^'C" 

Capt. Canton O'Dcmnell; 
Lieut. John F. Sullivan F.attery "D" 

ard Battalion 

Major William A. Sawtell Commanding 

Lieut. George (J. Knox liattery "E" 

Lieut. Ceorge 11. Dutf Battery "F" 



History of GGtii Field Artillkuy liuKjAUE 181 

Colonel .1. J'. Simri" assiiiiicd (M>iiiiiiiind of the rej^imont on 
September 22nd, luit was sueeeeded by Lieutenant Colonel 
Sinclair on Octolnn* 22nd. Major Nickerson, Captain Win. II. 
H. Cranmer and Captain 0'l)oniieII coinnianded the regiment, 
the First and Second battali«»ns icspectivel.v from Xovenibei' 
:>rd to X(»\-eniber lltli, durinji a lemjtorai'v absence of Lieu- 
tenant ('(ilniicl Sinclair and .Major llnnji<'rford. 



CHAPTER VII 



Duriii}; the peiiod of prei»arati()ii for the march into (ler- 
maiiy, Colonel Marion S. Battle, C. A. C, had been assigned 
to the liStli F. A. and on November 18th assumed command. 
On Mouda.y, December 2ud, the regimient started on the long 
trip to the Rhine, moving in the customary formation of a 
light and heavy column. Nothing of particular moment oc- 
curred throughout the trip, but after the first day's march the 
sight of country untouched by the ravages of battle and the 
experience of being billeted in a new territory almost every 
night made the trip interesting. 

The route of march of the regiment from Blercourt to the 
Rhine was as follows : 

Dec. 2, 1918 : 

Blercourt 

Verdun 

Etain 

Piennes — billeted for one night. 

Dec. 3, 1918: 

Andun 

Aumetz 

Esch 

Schiflflange — one full day's stop. 

Dec. 5, 1918: 

Luxembourg 

Niederanvem 

Grevenmacher 

Wasserbillig — five days' hall and rest. 

Dec. 10, 1918: 

Echternach 

Bitburg — one night billet. 

Dec. 11, 1918: 

Prum 

1st Bn. — Wallersheim 

Regt. Hq. and 2ud Bn. — Budesheini 

3rd Bn. — t^chwirzheim — one night billet. 



History of (irrrii Field Artillery Brigade 183 

Dec. 12, 1!)1S: 
(J(M'ol.s1ein 
DockAveiler 
Dreis 

1st P.n. ;iii(l Kciit. \\i\. ( )1i<m("1i(' 
LMhI iiiid ."lid \U\.- W'nisdoif 

Suitpiv Co. and liaiul iZilsdoi-fi — !) davs" st<)|> and 
rest. 

Dec. 2'1. linS: 
Dreis 
Kelbei-j;- 
Boos 

JiCi^I. Il(|.. Snpjdy Co. and Isl lln. Knrrcnbers: 
lialterics C. K. F. : L'nd and :'.i-d I'.n. lIc]. Xa<-hlslicini 
IJaltcry D— lliiten 

Dec. L'L', 1!)1S: 
craven 

^A'eissenllm^nl 

Traveliiiji- in llic narrow steel bodied tnieks AYas not nearl.v 
so coinfoi'table as the eoniniercial bodied Whites would haYC 
been, es])eciallY as Ww Decenilier weather was wet and raAY, but 
as eYei'Y ni^lit saw the men biHeted in warm Itillets and sto])s 
of scYeral da.YS, as shown on tlie mar<h labb'. were made at 
sliort intervals, no real sntt'erin«>- resulted. 

On Snnda.v. December 22nd, the reuimenl jnilled into 
\\'eissenlhurm, a small town on the Khine about twelve kilo 
meters from Cobleuz, the headcpiarters of the American Army 
of Occupation. Regimental liead(|uarters, 2nd and 3rd bat- 
talions, remained at this place, the Isf battalion and the su]i- 
)»ly company jn-oeeedinii respectively to Karlich and Kettis::. 
Immediately the work of ari-anuiuii- billets and mess rooms was 
beuun, file materiel was thoroumhly cleaned, the town jxdiced 
in tiue military style and ]»re]iarat ions made f(U- a lennthy 
stay, as it was then the impression that this ])lac<^ was to be 
our permanent station in the Army of Occupation. A feelino; 
of elation and satisfaction at havinji' reached the Khine ])er- 
meated the ivuiment, but in spite of the receipt of the anthor- 
iz(Hl Christmas ]»ackasies from the Fliited States, Christmas, 
lOlS. was a very (piiet holiibiy foi- most of the 14S field ai'- 
tilleiy, six thonsand miles from their homes. The big task 
and the active flghting being over, the thoughts of all turned 
toward the T'nited States and the resumption of the civil ac- 
tivities from which the war had called us. The morale of the 
regiment remained wonderfully high and every man desired 
to stay until all need for (J. P. F."s was over, but from this 
time until orders were received to return to America, the con- 
stant «iuery was "When Do We Go Home?" 



184 HiSToiiv OF OOtii Field Aktillkky Ukkjade 

The i<lea of ^^'eisf^entl^ll•m as a pcnnaiient station was 
soon dissii)ate(l, however, and on Saturday, December 28th, 
orders were received that the regiment would move across the 
Rhine to Hohr, a convoy of approximately fifteen Ivilometers. 
December 30th tlie trip was made and the work of settling 
do^v^l gone through with again. Comfortable billets were se- 
cured for all, mess halls for the men were arranged for so 
that meals could be eaten in comfort, bathing facilities were 
])rovided, a regimental tailor shop and laundry were estab- 
lished, a moving j»icture theatre started, canteens installed, 
a large recreational center for the men opened nn<ler the aus- 
pices of the Y. M. C. A. in a comfortable hall on the outskirts 
of the town at a place known locally as the ''Industrie," 
while the establishment of comfortable messes and a club 
made garrison life more attractive for the officers. Suffi- 
cient drill and military work was engaged in to maintain an 
efficient organization, but every effort was made to provide 
comfort and entertainment for both officers and men. 

Probably never before in military history have such 
efforts been exerted to provide opi)ortunities for study, recrea- 
tion and amusement to tide over a period of enforced inac- 
tivity as in the American Army of Occupation. Schools of 
all kinds were opened ranging from regimental schools offer- 
ing a variety of courses to universities established for those 
seeking higher education and opportunities to attend the large 
French and English universities were given. Athletic tourna- 
ments of all kinds were started and each regiment had a 
cfwnprehensive athletic program including boxing, wrestling, 
basketball, swimming, Itaseball, football, soccer teams and 
track events. Rboks of all kinds were supplied by the Ameri- 
can Library association, and magazines and current litera- 
ture by the Red Cross, Y. M. C. A. and K. C. Almost every 
organization had its theatrical trou])e and that of the 148th 
F. A. ranked with the best. These troops and others com- 
l»osed of French artists and other entertainers toured 
the third army area and several times each week this form of 
entertainment held the stage at the "Industrie". Excursions 
were run on the Rhine from liingen to Cologne under the 
supervision of the Y. M. C. A., and leaves were liberally 
granted, allowing the soldiers to travel in France, England, 
Italy or Greece. In addition to this jtrivilege. leave areas 
were opened for enlisted men in the Third army area and in 
France, where accommodations and enterfainmeut was pro- 
vided by the United States. Nothing fhat would add to the 
mental or ])hysical comfort of the men during the long wait 
was left undone. Never had the Ignited States had such an 
army of veterans, completely equipped and organized, and 
never were soldiers better cared for. The conduct of the Ameri- 
can soldier was exemplary in every respect, and although the 



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History of G6th Field Artillkuy liuKJAUK 185 

same question •'NNlicii do we jio home?" was constantly re- 
peated, all realized the immensity of the task of providinj; 
((cean transpoi-tation for lh<' relnrn of two million men to the 
Fnited States, and also tlu^ necessity of maintainiiij;- an Ameri- 
can army in (lernmny constantly ready for lield duty until 
such time as peace mijilit finally be declared. 

The winter of IDlS-l!) was not without its sorrows. An 
epidemic of influenza, which spread over the entire world, 
struck the 148th lield artillery and took from the regiment 
officers and men who had served throughout the entire period 
of its activities. lOvery ellort was made to safeguard the 
health of the command and the strictest (luarantines and sani- 
tary regulations enforced, but not until two officers and six 
men had succumbed was the ejjidemic completely subdued. 

On Saturday, Ai)ril Sth, Colonel Battle was transferred 
to I'aris as jtrovost marshal of that city and the command of 
the regiment again devolved upon lieutenant Colonel Sin- 
clair. On A})ril l.'i, 1919, the lieutenant colonel received his 
full colonelcy, and the command of the regiment rested se- 
curely in the hands of the officer who had so successfully 
commanded it throughout practically all of its battles. 



Pictorial History 



FIRST SERIES 




1. Recruits one week after call. 

2. Mobilization — State Camp, 1917 — 1st Innoculation. 

3. One month after mobilization, 1917; Wyoming Infantry parading in Cheyenne. 




4. Camp Greene, Charlotte, North Carolina. 

5. 66th F. A. Briaade on parade in Charlotte. N. C, 3 months after the call 

6. Shelter tent inspection, Camp Greene, 1917. 

7. Drilling as American 3-inch Artillerymen, 1917. 




8. Introduction to Camo Mills, Lona Island, N. Y., November, 1917. 

9. A common occurrence at Camp Mills, December, 1917. 

10. A big storm at Camp Mills, December, 1917. 

11. Leaving Camp Mills, 1917. 

12. Mess Halls, Camp Merritt, New Jersey, 1918. 




13. R. M. S. Baltic leaving Hoboken. N. J.. 1918. 

14. A convoy formina at Halifax, 1918. 

15. Leavina Halifax harbor, 1918. 

16. A scene from deck of the Baltic. 

17. Tuscania, 191S. 






IS. Rest Camp, La Harve, France, 1918. 

19. Entrance to Camp de Souge, 1918. 

20. Gun park. Camp de Soune, 1918. 

21. Brigade officers receiving instructions with G. P. F., 1918. 




22. Officers' quarters. Camp de Souge, 191S. 

23. Band concert, Castillon, May. 1918 

24. Inspection at Castillon, June, 1918. 




25. French mule team. 

26. Reminder of Southern France. 

27. Hommes 40 — Cheveaux 8. 

2S. Enroute to the front, July, 191S. 

29. Enroute to the front, July, 1918. 




30. Battle field showing barb wire entanglements. 
31 Light colunnn entering a French village. 
32. French canal near front. 




33. Vaux — Chateau-Thierry front, 1918. 

34. Gun on road at front, 191S. 

35. No Man's Land, St. Mihiel, 1918. 




36. A. G. p. F. on the Arconne front, 191S. 

37. Prepared for anythina. 

38. Barracks at Blercourt, Bricade station after armistice. 

39. Bridge across Rhine at Eneers, 1919. 

40. Hohr, Grenzhausen, Germany. 




•^i^i^fc^ 



i_. ^ 




41. 146th Gun park, Grenzhausen. 

42. Truck and tractor drivers of one battery. 

43. Brigade panel station. 

44. Regimental Championship baseball team, Headquarters Company, 14Sth F. A. 



SECOND SERIES 




45. Camouflaged gun. 

46. Gun position — German lieavy artillery. Chateau-Thierry front. 

47. Anti aircraft gun. 

48. Noon meal on the march. 




49. Guns hidden in forest. Battle of St. Mihiel. 

50. Night on the road. 

51. Observation post, St. IVlihiel. 

52. Gun position, St. IVlihiel. 

53. Observation balloon. 



54. 
55. 



No Man's Land. Meuse-Aroonne. 
A well hidden aun. St. Mihiel. 



56. 
57. 



Soldier's graves. 
Verdun. 




58. Camouflaged tractor on road. 

59. Colonel Sinclair at 1st Battalion, 14Sih P. C. 
61. Gun in recoil. 



Argonno. 




60. Battery P. C, 146th F. A. 

62. Gun positions opening Meuse-Argonne attack, September 26th. 

63. A large French tank. 

64. Village of Esnes before the war. 

65. Esnes after the war: Meuse-Argonne sector. 

66. A difficult position. 




67. Small French tanks on way to attack. 

6S. Gun position, IVIeuse-Araonne. 

69. Buryino dead Germans. 

70. Church at Montfaucon, Meuse-Araonne. 




71. Entrance to duqout. 

72. Result of heavy artillery fire. 

73. A position on Brieulles woods. Meuse-Araonne. 

75. Regimental Headquarters. 148th F. A. near Germonville. opening Meuse-Argonne attack. 

94. Before aeroplane attack. 

95. After. 



&. 




74. French tank going into action, IVIcuse-Argonne. 

76. Convoy hidden during day time. 

77. Bridge over old moat built in SOO. Chateau de Fere. 146th F. A. P. C. 

78. Battery P. C. 146th F. A. Beauvardes. 

79. Projector signalling. 



80. Last P. C at front, of 146th F. A. 82. Holt tractors. 

81. Group of 146th F. A. officers. 83. It6th F. A. gun park. 

84. Interior of a radio station. 




85. Group of 146th F. A. officers. 

87. Mess line behind the front. 

88. Private John J. Murphy (left) D. S. C, Battery "F", 148th F. A., and comrade. 




89. Winning tractor. 148th F. A. motor show. 

90. Keen competition. 148th F. A. motor show. 

91. Winning nun crew, 148th F. A. motor show. 




86. Delousina in the field. 

92. Tractor park, Hohr, Germany. 

93. Gun parl<, Hohr, Germany. 
96. A shelled position. 




97. As the Brigade left the harbor ai St. Nazaire. 

98. 148th Field Artillery leaving Hohr. Germany, May 25, 1919. 
99. Marching to train in Germany, enroute to the U. S. 

102. A stop on the way from Coblcnz to St. Nazaire, German passenoer coach. 



1. Major General E. F. WIcGlachliri. former Brigade Commander, later commanding First 

Division, U. S. A. 




2 Colonel E D. Scott, Commander 66th F. A. Brigade during entire time brigade was at 

the front. 




3. Colonel P. H. Worcester. C. A. C former Commander 146-th Field Artillery, and 
acting Brigade Commander. 




4. Colonel Paul H. Weyrauch. Commanding Officer 146th Field Artillery. 




5. Colonel Burke H. Sinclair, Connmanding Officer 14Sth Field Artillery. 




6. Lieutenant John Kirkpatrick, "B", Battery, 148th Field Artillery. Killed in action, i 
nninutes before the armistice, Nov. 11, 1918, near Don Sur Meuse, in the Argonne. 



7. Lieutenant L. H. Pinkham, Jr., Commanding Battery "A" 14Sth Field Artillery. Died 
of disease in Hohr, Germany, February, 1919. 




8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 



Major Frank R. Jeffrey, Adjutant 66th F. A. Brinade. 

Major A. C. L. Percefull. Brigade Surgeon. 66th F. A. Brigade. 

Captain Robert H. Weitknecht. Brigade Headauarters. 

First Lieutenant Hurley Fellows. Brioade Headouarters. 

Second Lieutenant Bernard B. Bartlett. Brioade Headauarters. 



146TH FIELD ARTILLERY 




13. Captain F. M. Weil, Headquarters Company. 

14. Captain Harry T. Fultz, Headnuarters Company. 

15. Lieutenant C. W. Hodge, Headquarters Company. 

16. Lieutenant S. C. Webb, Headquarters Company. 

17. Lieutenant D. F. Stewart, Headquarters Company. 

18. Lieutenant Herbert Lauterback, Headquarters Company. 




19. Lieutenant Edwin J. Kelly, Headouarters Company. 

20. Lieutenant J. O. Thorp, Band leader. 

21. Lieutenant R. E. Decker. Headouarters Company. 

22. Lieutenant Ralph F. .Schirm. Headouarters Company. 

23. Major E. E. Keiser, Medical Detachment. 




24. Captain H. NI. Fogo, Medical Detachment. 

25. Captain C. H. Hapgood, IVledical Detachment. 

26. Captain C. R. Gould, Medical Detachment. 

27. Captain Stewart H. Travis, Supply Company. 

28. Lieutenant Samuel Lavitt, Supply Company. 




29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 



Lreutenant W. A. Runcinan. Supply Company. 
Major J. C. Hamilton. Commandino 1st Battalion 
Captain Edward J. Robins. Adjutant 1st Battalion 
Captain W. F. HIrd, "A" Battery. 
Captain James Porter "B" Battery 



34. Lieutenant Geo. B. Ely. ■A" Battery. 

35. Lieutenant W. R. Walker, "A" Battery. 

36. Lieutenant R. J. Baer, "A" Battery. 

37. Lieutenant Floyd S. Sanders, "B" Battery. 

38. Lieutenant IVI. E. Binswanaer, "B" Battery. 

39. Lieutenant John Knowlton Markwick, "B" Battery. 




40. Meiior C. H. Duval, Commandina 2nd Battalion. 

41. 1st Lieutenant Louis S. Middlebrook. Adjutant 2nd Battalion. 

42. Lieutenant Gafafer, "C" Battery. 

43. Lieutenant C. G. Gonder. "C" Battery. 

44. Captain E. T. Powell, "D" Battery. 

45. 1st Lieutenant J. T. Menjel, "D" Battery. 




46. Lieutenant Otis L. Wriaht. "D" Battery. 

47. Major Dale D. Drain, Commandina 3rd Battalion. 

48. D. L. Fullerton, Adjutant 3rd Battalion. 

49. Captain James P. Barclay, Battery "E". 

50. 1st Lieutenant Walter H. Tuesley, Battery "E". 




51. Lieutenant P. W. Eastman, Battery "E". 

52. Lieutenant Ed. F. Eaan, "E" Battery. 

53. 1st Lieutenant Frank Harrison, "E" Battery. 

54. Major Wm. N. Day, "F" Battery. 

55. 1st Lieutenant A. J. Eabert, "F" Battery. 

56. Lieutenant W. T. Davis. "F" Battery. 



148TH FIELD ARTILLERY 




57. 



5S. 
59. 
65. 
66. 



Colonel Marion S. Battle, Brigade Counter Battery Officer, later commanding the 148th Field 

Artillery. Upon promotion of Lt. Colonel Sinclair, Colonel Battle was assigned as Provost 

Marshal of Paris. 

Captain George I. Smith, Reg't Adjutant. 

Maior Edwin T. Wyman, Commanding Medical Detachment. 

Captain Theodore L. Stearns, Commanding Ordnance Detachment. 

H. H. Marsden, Chaplain. 




60. Captain L. G. McAloney, Dental Corps. 

61. Captain W. S. Petty, Medical Detachment. 

62. Captain H. J. Stockberger, Medical Detachment. 

63. Captain A. L. King. Dental Corps. 

64. Captain A. D. .Somers, Medical Detachment. 




67. 
68. 
69. 
70. 
71. 



1st Lieutenant R. E. Daniel, Headcuarters Company. 
1st Lieutenant Carl H. Brueckner, Headauarters Company 
Lieutenant George S. Ballowe, Headauarters Company. 
Major William M. Cravens, Commandina 1st Battalion. 
Captain Cyrus A. Hacl<staff, Adjutant 1st Battalion. 




72. 1st Lieutenant William R. Wright. 1st Battalion Staff. 

73. 1st Lieutenant Stanley S. Simonson, 1st Battalion Staff. 

74. 1st Lieutenant W. B. Sales, 1st Battalion Staff. 

75. Captain William H. Schade, "A" Battery. 

76. Captain Louis C. Arthur. "A" Battery. 

77. Ist Lieutenant Paul Z. Burrell, "A" Battery. 

78. Lieutenant Paul L. Cooke, "A" Battery. 




79. 1st Lieutenant Harold J. Guernsey, "A" Battery. 

80. Lieutenant John Hurdle, Battery "A". 

81. Captain William H. H. Cranmer, Commanding "B" Battery. 

82. Lieutenant J. McK. Duncan, "B" Battery. 

83. 1st Lieutenant John A. Cox, "B" Battery. 
85. Lieutenant William H. Bartlett, "B" Battery. 




93. 1st Lieutenant Waite D. Conover, "D" Battery. 

94. Major W. A. Sawtell, Commanding Third Battalion. 

95. 1st Lieutenant Lemuel Edward Martin, Third Battalion Staff. 

96. Lieutenant Oscar A. Johnson, Third Battalion Staff. 

97. Lieutenant William C. Gardner, Third Battalion Staff. 

98. Captain Roche S. Mentser, Commanding "E" Battery. 



99. Captain Frank B. Nelson, "E" Battery. 

100. 1st Lieutenant Roland J. Klinger, "E" Battery. 

101. 1st Lieutenant Euaene P. Walters, "E" Battery. 

102. Lieutenant Leiius C. Zander. "E" Battery. 

103. Captain George H. Duff, Commandino Battery "F' 

104. 1st Lieutenant Frank B. Warren, Battery "F". 

105. Lieutenant Le Roy O. Moss. Battery "F". 
Lieutenant Robert E. Lee, Battery "F". 




G. 
P. 
F. 



HbhrBendorf, Germany May 15, 1919 



CROIX DE GUERRE 
IS AWARDED TO 
CAPT, A. L. 



OFTICfP IS GIVEN DEfORATION hOtt 

CONSTICUOUS BRAVLRV AT HIE 

rPONT. 

Din NOT KNOW Of HONOR UNTIL WORD 

IS RECEIVED FROM HOME OF RECEIPT 

OF CROSS. 

dipt Aaron L Kinc Denial SurCfon, 143, n^ 

I'eard Irom tiome and found he had h^fn awarded 
» CroJT df Oucrre. Tlw dccorslibn had brW far- 
warded to Ins home in Anderson, 3oii*h CiroliiM 
and l« m Ihc posineion of hii father The Captain 

haught ihc nwt<cr 

accompanytDg (be Crcit dt Cuerro 

anprobAL'on r* th« CowmandrHn- 

Ameuaii Eitpcdtlioncry Forces in 

France, [lie Marehall of r-rsucc. Commander m- 

frencli ArfMtM ol Ihe East, ciles in Hic 

.n L King. 371 Ic- 

Wilunteered lo f•n^ 



IT'S HOME, BOYS, HOME 



HERE IS THE ORDER THAT STARTS US HOME. 

HEADQUARTERS THIRD ARMY 

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

GERMANY 



rnids n follows. 

-\i 
Chief 



order ol IHp division 

faiHrv. U. S. Annv 

"StTilcmbCT 30, ] 



line 2 



Wee 






KiclK 



OPPOPTffN'ITY IS OPPN TO EVFRV MAN 
TO SI_'RSCP!BE TO BRIGADE IIISTOBV 



1 the hngadc 



a recaot, registered v/iil) 
id Which eives Jl inlorm- 
i: dcIi\Tryum of Uie boot 

booLa ordered 
thu week. It viU he 
< take care ol scene who 
lot able to ata'p this ^^'CfV 

I book, Hohft the ofhcr 



2nd a pjvdav :i trail L'mi rat can dou 
The comjnlliec is dfsifloui of Iiq( 
V volunms will be rwuircd lo supp 

lid n bave been finienfd aod judv ior 



1. In 0ofnpll3»*e8 
Artillery Brigads la rslle' 
Is placed at the dispoaa 
United State*. efleoUve t 



tlons, Q H- Q-. the Seth Plel 
til Co:ps and Third Army, ar 
inerBl, S. O. S., for return to tt: 



of Lieutenant Qaneral UQQETT: 
rVIALtN CRAIQ 
Chief of Staff. 



JOBS FOR EVERYMAN ARE I 
ASSURED ON ARRIVAL HOME I 



BETUPN OF MEN, 
I o( the ''(nh F A fthffvli' 



1^ themsdwes. 



LONG AWAITED ORDERS 
ARRIVE SENDING THE 
66TH BRIGADE HOME 



lUST SIX MONTHS TO A DAY SINCE 

SIGNING OF 

ABMISTICE- 



THE SIGNING OF IHF 



J,«l s. 


monlhj lo a 


av atlCT the 






tc. and CO ,Motti(r'i dav. Ii 




a half in 


Franct,"douS 


.ludi'ISe'll 


aycarwd 


hi*;"™ 


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h. sole It- 








d KeiwraOy 












art Ihem on ihr 


v/»v Bad. to 




SlalM thev lme^v l.rfore 1 




euiber Utli 








SAdt mo' 


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aehinn Hie b 




tht Third 


Coi^s and the Third nmiy V 





(Tuilzation' 
fifvlns re<i 



i4fttn F / 

and eablpfl 



BBtr.AM PLACES IN LC MANS SHOOT. 

The '-^th Brigade li manacme to Let^ neat lie 
top c\ til- coni.^tanfs at the A f^ F Rine Shpot at 
I e Mnns .\l tbe complelioa "I Ihe finoK of Oie m^ 

■montf <Jt '"" hurh«l comDetiiora. 

Th--v w^? MMh F L Bepn'-H, I«tti, order Dl 
nerfl Nu ^8 Scr.rf, ?M and IM Paul Bndra 
HSih r,n!"i -f m-nt No 02. score 261 Th; rela^ 



SNfPLB WILL CONTINLJE TO SNIPE. 

Tli - 'vilprT wil' rin?rt »o cotne out everv-.' 



-Aasnre Bo-so miti oli. help S.nd cnils Bow 
mmcrcial Chib". , . , ^ l 

(Signed I Boi.^ Lomnierciitl uub 



(Siiinedl \ 



lafainclo'i 



Yakima. 

3d lobs I. 

(Si«iKd) 

Walla Walla, Waabiuftton. 



Po<ill 



i Icr c 



TWELVE SERGEANTS DON 

THE NIFTY SAM BROWNE 



MtN OF THF 



0l.ir(/s el"b* -■,( Ihe feciiiients (hal nil 
new j"«ha\ei*i;s" were diilv initialed 



ighl and 



wolf Tbe Soipir 
nvcr)ni«liin«have 
'. (0 'le tollamtS ^lv 
itti i!cppinr otf the 



c^erv1hin^ eiw 

d Meanwhile nerv effort is beinj; 
paner woiW in perfect shape. whieT 

work of clerks and perwMiell oTI- 
WfMC.' recor.la abtolufelr ts eeder, 
s perfect, and order ffks coisp^rte 

A E F II inuderrd out mbl aD 
are 100 percent peHect aid up to 



I of 11 



repair fruda 
1 tTOT«rtT ■ 



3al r. IIS. Sei The 
1st Sffl He.bcn I 
S':! Ma|or John J, 
Buker F^flt D. N(). a 
A, NO 



t,";,. 






.MOTHER'S DAY SERVICES, 
icra Day w:i^ obeerved Sunday in 



I rh.jpiain Elatlendoe t 



(lEi I'c completely eqinpl down lo 
ludi uiQ? Precccdinc Ihe liome- 

to Ije accrimpliilieit. the l^ct rt 

■ ■ . . . k fir two before the Statue ol 
ri' .* f -rv r<>a.<on to beliew 
. . uiil be m,tde as Im> as coa- 
I ,'i.\sn p-'licv rc?ulalirir troop* 
r,n t- pivlnionarv Fotes for the 

lis are heJns mi'Skrrd oul, eithu 



NEl WORCESTER IN COMMAND. 



ini'l P H \Vr<rceaier. commandmff the \¥A 

w/al \ald^jl.ol'"7ran« "u C^oo^ Piut ?? 
rrauch assnmd comnand ol the IJ'iih F A. 

LT COX BETliRNS WITH DETAJL 



Roster of 

66th Field Artillery 

Brigade Headquarters 



Note: The roster of the 66th Field Artillery Brigade includes every 
officer and man who at any time from the formation of the two 
regiments of the brigade to May 1, 1919, served in the brigade. 
Those maii^ed * served with the brigade at the front. 
Those marked ** were wounded in action. 

Those marked *** were killed or died from disease or accident. 
There are many instances where both officers and men are not 
marked with the * signifying serving at the front with the 
brigade, but who did serve at the front with other organizations, 
joining the brigade after the armistice. 



IlisroKv or (((Irii Fikld AiniiJ-Kitv RhkjadI': 



241 



Name 



BRIGADE COMMANDERS. 



Rank 



Date 


Date 




Assigned to 


Leaving 




Brigade 






Aug. 1, 1917. 


Nov. 12, 


1917, 


Nov. 12, 1917. 


Dec. 11, 


1917, 


Dec. 11, 1917. 


Jan. 28, 


1918 


•Ian. 28, 1918. 


March 24, 


1918 


March 24. 1918. 


May 17, 


1918, 


May 17, 1918. 


June 5, 


1918. 


.June 5, 1918. 


Nov. 3, 


1918. 


May 1, 1919. 






Nov. fi, 1918. 


Nov. 28. 


1918. 


Nov. 24, 1918. 


April 11. 


1919. 


Ai)ril 8, 1919. 


April 30, 


1919. 



Edward Vollrath Brig. General 

E. A Wedgewood Brig. General 

George LeR. Irwin Brig. General 
♦Ernest Hinds Brig. General 

*E. F. McGlachlin. Jr. 

Brig. General 
♦William I>assiter Brig. General 
*Ernest I). Scott Colonel 

*Conrad H. Lanza Colonel 
Johnson Hagood Brig. General 
Dwight E. Aultman Brig. General 

Officers temporarily in command of Brigade during absence of 
commanding officers. 

Marion S. Battle Colonel 148th F. A. 

P. H. Worcester Colonel 146th F. A. 

Burke H. Sinclair Colonel 148th F. A. 

Paul H. Weyrauch Colonel 146th F. A. 

Adjutants 66th F. A. Brigade. 

Name 

George A White 

George A. Monagou 

W. A. Pendleton 
♦John S. Winslow 
♦A. L. Loustalot 
♦Claude H. Duval 

J. H. Wallace 

Cicero F. Hogan 

Frank R. Jeffrey 

BRIGADE STAFF OFFICERS. 
Name Rank Duty 

♦Marion S. Battle Lt. Col.: Counter Battery Officer 

A. C. L. Perceful Major Brigade Surgeon 

♦D. W. Watson Captain Orienteur Officer 

.Joseph A. Holmes Captain Asst. Adjutant 

Armand Durant Captain Intelligence Officer 

John W. Oehmann Captain . Materiel Officer 

♦Will S. Griscom 1st. Lieut Operations Officer 

♦Robert H. Weltknecht . . . . 1st. Lieut.. Intelligence Officer, Civil Af- 
fairs Officer 

♦W. J. Lonergan 1st. Lieut Camouflage Officer 

♦Jacques Rueff 1st. Lieut French Liaison Officer 

Roger Wurz 1st. Lieut., French Liaison Officer. Aide 

Gen. Hagood. 

.lohn S. Corley 1 st. Lieut Ordnance Officer 

L. A. Page 1st. Lieut Rifle Instructor 

Bruce R. McCoy 1st. Lieut M. P. Officer 

Jos. M. Wackrow 1st. Lieut Aerial Observer 

♦Alfred J. O'Brien 1st. Lieut.. . .Telephone and Radio Officer 



Rank 


Date Assigned 








To Brigade 


Date 


Left 


Major 


Sept. 18, 1917. 


Apr. 


6, 


191S. 


1st. Lt. 


Apr. 6, 1918. 


Apr. 


9 


1918. 


Captain 


Apr. 22, 1918. 


June 


16. 


1918. 


Cai)tain 


June 16, 1918. 


July 


21, 


1918 


Major 


July 28, 1918. 


Oct. 


20, 


1918 


Major 


Oct. 20, 1918. 


Dec. 


20. 


1918 


Major 


Dec. 20, 1918. 


Feb. 


27, 


1919. 


Captain 


Feb. 27, 1919. 


Apr. 


10, 


1919. 


Captain 


Apr. 10, 1919, 




To 


Date 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



24:2 History of 6()Tii Field Artillery Brigade 

Gilbert W. Stevens 1st. Lieut Trench Mortar Officer 

William C. Stark 1st. Lieut., Surgeon, see 1st Bn. 146th. 

George A. Monagan 1st. Lieut Asst. Adjutant 

Crawford H. Booth ] st. Lieut Aide 

John D. MacGavin 1st. Lieut Aide 

Rudolph S. Brown 1st. Lieut Aide 

*Hurley Fellows 2nd. Lieut.. .Telephone and Radio Officer 

*A. Kurtz 2nd. Lieut French Liaison Officer 

M. E. Berg 2nd. Lieut Ordnance Officer 

D. C. Crawford 2nd. Lieut Aide 

Brigade Headquarters Detachment Conimanders. 

Charles E. Gjedsted Captain Portland, Ove. 

*Otto B. Linstad Captain, Pierre S. Dak., See Supply Co., 

148th F. A. 

*Wm. H. Schade Captain, Denver, Colo.. See Hq. Co. 148th 

F. A. 

H. G. Davis Captain Minneapolis, Minn. 

Wm. H. Campbell First Lieutenant 

Arthur F. Doran First Lieutenant 

* Joseph H. Murray First Lieutenant 

*Wilder H. Middleton First Lieutenant 

*Lawrence B. Ryman First Lieutenant 

Philip D. Houston First Lieutenant 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Headquarters 66th Field Artillery Brigade. 

*Wallin, Leonard A Regimental Sergeant Major 

Portland, Ore 

Griffin "William A Regimental Sergeant Major, Washington, 

D. C. 

Driscoll, Lawrence D Regimental Sergeant Major 

Portland. Ore. 
*Newman, Durand C First Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

McQueen. Roye First Sergeant Broadhead, Ky. 

*Burton, Harold W Sergeant Ordnance Detroit, Mich. 

Stebbins, Norman G Sergeant First Class 

West Springfield, Mass. 
*Hoover, Joseph R Sergeant Mess Denton, Mont. 

Brennan, Michael J Sergeant Supply New Bedford. Mass. 

Reinke, John F Sergeant Supply Portland, Ore. 

Dolan, Edward M Sergeant Wheeling, W. Va. 

*Dungan. Irvin L Sergeant Roswell. N. M. 

*Ogles, Floyd B Sergeant Dexter, N. M. 

Skipwith, John W Sergeant Roswell. N. M. 

**Stewart, Earl E Sergeant Sheridan, Ore. 

Valerio, Gaston M Sergeant Brooklyn, N. Y. 

*Arick, Earl B Corporal Akron, Ohio 

*Bay, Clare L Corporal Portland, Ore. 

*Bowen, Joseph S Corporal Richmond, Cal. 

*Clark, Howard G Corporal Parker, S. D. 

*Ford, Charles P Corporal Portland, Ore. 

**Gill, Willard C Corporal Portland, Ore. 

*Harrold, Charles H Corporal Guern&'ey, Wyo. 

Heindel, Fred H Corporal Denver, Colo. 

*Howell. Frederick K Corporal Albuquerque, N. M. 

* Jernigan, King M Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

*Knapp, Arthur R Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Leonard. Raymond M. . . .Corporal Portland. Ore. 

♦Mathews. Price S Corporal Idaho 



UlSTOUY OF (Wiril FlKI.I) AiniLI.KKV r.KK.'AKK 243 

*Seufert, Leland L Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Simpson, Merrill M Corporal Chevy Chase, Md. 

Thornton, James E Corporal Tyndale, S. D. 

*Van Atta, Raymond E. . . . Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Butler, Guy O Cook Greybull, Wyo. 

*Hopp, William A Cook Connell, Wash. 

*Sousa, Charley C Cook Thermopolis, Wyo. 

♦Weavill, Fay E Cook Lewiston, Mont. 

Choffel, Clarence L Wagoner Washington 

Fortier, Albert Wagoner , Portland, Ore. 

*Erickson, Eugene C Wagoner Bruneau, Idaho 

Walker, Isaac Wagoner 

*Gill, Oliver J Chief Mechanic Portland, Ore. 

i=*Allen, Baltis E Bugler Portland, Ore. 

*McCal)e, Frank Bugler Yankton, S. D. 

*Bartlett, Bernard B Private First Class Eureka, Cal. 

*Barr, Domie E Private First Class Toledo Luias, O. 

♦Becker, Arthur E Private First Class. .. .Rocky Ford, Colo. 

*Braun, William J. T Private First Cla^s Peru, Ind. 

Englin, Arthur E Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Evans, Delbert R Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Fitzpatrick, Byron G Private First Class Washington 

♦Forbes, Raymond E Private First Class Salem, Ore. 

♦Goodsell, Van Dyke Private First Class Roswell N. M. 

Hatch, Stanley P Private First Class Borman, Ore. 

Irons, Ira D Private First Class.. Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Johnson, Earl O Private First Class. .. .Vancouver, Wash. 

♦McDonald, Allen M Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Manary, Gordon G Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Martin, Richard Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Mayhall, John L Private First Class Clovis, N. M. 

Moran, William R Private First Class. . . .Gouverneur, N. Y. 

♦Muir, William Private First Class Oakland, Cal. 

♦Newman, Albert F Private First Class. ..... .Bingham, Utah 

Paden, Ralph F Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Rhinehart, Harland E.... Private First Class. .. .Twin Falls, Idaho 
♦Richardson, Robert L.... Private First Class Colville, Wash. 

Robinson, Robert A Private First Class. .. .Georgetown, S. C. 

♦Stevens, Sylvester L Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Wallace, William S Private First Class. .. .Twin Falls, Idaho 

Arluck, Arthur A Private Miami, Ariz. 

Atkeson, Albert J Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Boone, Chester M Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Berrett, Clarence M Private Lawrence, Mass. 

♦Broline, Edgar L Private Alcester, S. Dak. 

♦Browne, Clayton E Private Colburn-Tippecanoe, Ind. 

♦Carlson, Lawrence E Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Chappelle, Earl M Private Candon, N. J. 

Christecu, Steve Private Columbus, Ohio 

Day, Robert H Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Dean, Robert W Private Worland, Wyo. 

Daugherty, Reginald V . . . Private Pieve, S. D. 

Dwyer, James M Private Clorendon, Va. 

♦Eckert, Nevin L Private Denveji', Colo. 

Folquet, Paul ;. .Private Portland, Ore. 

Gill, Daniel Private Portland, Ore 

♦Henricksen, Roy . Private St. Maries, Idaho 

♦Himes, Elmer E Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Jensen, Walter A Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Lavagetto, Lawrence Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Long, Orval H Private Parkman, Wyo. 



244 History of OGrii Field Artillery RRUiADK 

♦McClure, Virgil A Private El Paso, Texas 

Malarkey, Gerald A Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Marker, Melvin Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Moreland. Albert G Private .Portland, Ore. 

♦Morris, Ivan G Private New Berg, Ore. 

Morrison, Kenneth P Private Portland, Ore. 

Oliver, Cecil L Private Portland, Ore. 

*Pedersen, Ingerman Private Pasco, Wash. 

Re, Lewis Private San Francisco, Cal. 

♦Rockwell, Charles R Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Samelson, Oscar W Private i.Roswell, N. M. 

*Seren, Mike Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Shaiighnessy, John A Private Moorcroft, Wyo. 

Schultz, Earl L Private Sand Point, Idaho 

*Slott, August Private Rock Springs, Wyo. 

♦Smith, Dwyer F Private Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Taylor, George E Private Denver, Colo. 

Tuckfield, Stanley Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Youngs, Frank O Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Zwaska, William W Private West Bend, Wis. 



Roster of 
146th Field Artillery 



fIrsTOKY OF' <)<»'rii FiKM) Aim ii.r.KUV IiKn;Ai)K 



247 



REGIMENTAL COMMANDERS, HGth FIELD ARTILLERY 

and Adjutants 

Date Date 

Name Rank Assigned to Leaving 

Regt. 
William H. Edelbhite Colonel Formation of Rgt. 4/4/1918 

Home Address: Rathdru, Idaho 
♦Ernst D. Scott Colonel 3/5/1918 11/4/1918 

Home Address: Long Beach, Calif. 
Philip Worcester Colonel 11/10/1918 

Officers Temporarily in Command of Regiment During Absence of the 
Commanding Officer 

♦Paul H. Weyrauch Lt. Col. Since Formation 

Home Address: Walla Walla, Wash. 
See First Battalion Staff 
♦Leroy V. Patch Lt. Col. Since Formation 10/3/1918 

Home Address: Payette, Idaho 
See Sefiind Battalion Staff 
♦Dale D. Drain Major Since Formation 

Home Address: Spokane, Wash. 
See Batterie.s (' and F 

James C. Hamilton Major Since Formation 

Home Address: Roswell, N. M. 

♦Charles M. de Bremond Major Since Formation 19/8/1918 

Home Address: Roswell, N. M. 

See Battery A 

♦William M. Cravens Major 22/11/1918 24/12/1918 

Home Address: Washington, D. C. 

See First Battalion, 148th F. A. 

AD.RTTANTS 

♦Claude H. Duval Captain Since Formation 

Home Address: Xampa, Idaho 
See Bris^ade .\djutantH 
♦Harry A. Wells Captain Since Formation 

Home Address: Walla Walla, Wash. 
See Batten,' D 
♦Frank R. .Jeffrey Captain Since Formation 

Home Address: Kennewick, Wash. 
See Supply Company 
♦Harry H. Morton 1st. Lieut. Since Formation 

Home Address: Boise, Idaho 
See Battery A and Supply Company 

HEADQUARTERS COMPANY. 
146th Field Artillery. 

McRoberts, Peter W Captain Twin Falls, Idaho 

Commanding Officer. 
See Battery C 

♦Powell, Edwin T Captain Coeur d'Alene. Idaho 

Assigned for Duty. 
See Battery D 

♦Robins, Edward J Captain Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Ammunition OfBcer. 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



248 llisi(»i;v OK (Kiiii I^'iKLii Aktii.lkhy UrkjadI': 

*\\\m1. Fred M Captain White IMtiff. Wash. 

Coninianding Officer. 

See Mattery C 

* Wells, Harry A Cai)tain Walla Walla, Wash. 

Personnel Adjutant. 
See liattery I) 

***Pettit, Wni. S Captain Chicago, Illinois 

Assigned for Dnt.v. 
See Battery D 

♦Egbert. Arthur J First I>ieiitenant Naiiii)a, Idaho 

Assigned for Duty. 
See Battery F 

*Fultz, Harry T First Lieutenant Salciu, Ind. 

Operating Officer. 
Sec I'.attery F 

Hill. Raymond C First Lieutenant Lewiston, Idaho 

Aeroplane Observer. 

*Hodge, Claud W First Lieutenant . . . .Coour d'Alom-, I(h\ho 

Regiment Signal Officer. 
See I'.attery I) 

*Kennedy, Frank First Lieutenant San Francisco, Cal. 

Radio Officer. 

♦Langdon, Alfred C First Lieutenant Palouse, Wash. 

Orienteur Officer. 
See Hattery A and Field and Stall 

***Lee. Walter C First Lieutenant Walla Walla, Wash. 

Orienteur Officer. 
See 2nd Battalion Staff 

♦Leiser, Bruce C First liieutenant Boise, Idaho 

Supply OfficcM-. 

See Sin^pl.v Conii)any 

Lynd, William 1'] First Lieutenant Payette. Idaho 

Aeroplane Observer. 

♦iNlahone, Francis I) First Lieutenant Honolulu, Hawaii 

Operating Officer. 

See I'.attery C 

*McConnell, IMervin d First Ivieutenant Caldwell, Idaho 

Supply Officer. 
See Supply Compan.\' 

*i\liddlel)r()()l<, I.ouis S First Lieutenant New York City 

Assigned for Duty. 

*Morton, Harry H First Lieutenant Boise, Idaho 

Sup])ly Officer. 

*** Murray. ,Ioseph H. .Ir First Lieutenant Namjia. Idaho 

Orienteur Officer. 

*Runciman. William A First Lieutenant Caldwell, Idaho 

Trans])ortation Officer. 
See Supply Company 

*Sloan. Lawrence W First Lieutenant. . . .Salt Lake City, Utah 

Radio Officer. 
See 1st 15attalion Staff 

*Stewart, Donald I First Lieutenant Sandpoint. Idaho 

Aeroi)lane Observer and Operating Officer. 
See Battei-y C 

*Sturgis. .lames II First Lieutenant Pendleton. Ore. 

Assigned for Duty. 
See 3rd Battalion Staff 

*Turner, Channing First Lieutenant Hillings. I\lont. 

Adjutant. 
See Battery A 



lIisroKv (II' ((((III FiKi.K .\itrii,i.i;i;v I>Kit;AitK L'lll 

♦Webb, Samuel (' First Lieutenant Caldwell, Idaho 

Telei)hone Officer. 

Beck, Alexander Second Lieutenant Sunmiil, X. J. 

Assigned for Duty. 
See JJattery F 

Hiaun, Francis J Second Lieutenant. 

Assigned for Dut.v. 

♦Decker, Richard K Second Lieutenant Detroit, .Mich. 

Radio Officei-. 
See Battery K 

♦Hayford, \Varr(-n Second Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Telephone Officer. 
See 1st Ltattalion Staff' 

Iversbn, (i. \V Second Lieutenant. 

Assigned for Duty. 

Jones, Hugh M Second Lieutenant Ashland, Wis. 

Aninninition Officer. 
See Batteries .\ and ('. Siij^IJly Company and 1st Battalion Staff 

Kelley, Fdv/in .1 Second Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Billeting Officer. 

ENLISTED .MEN. 
Headquarters Co. 146th Field Artillery. 

♦Georgson, .lolin .1 Regimental Sergeant Major 

Tacoma, Wash. 
.Morton, Harry H Regimental Sergeant Major 

Twin Falls, Idaho. 

*Robb, Halle D Regimental Sergeant Major, Boise, Idaho 

*Stowell, Prentice H Regimental Sergeant Major 

Twin Falls, Idaho. 
■=*Brown, Kenneth H Jiattalion Sergeant .Major 

Twin Falls, Idaho. 
*ElIiott, John H Hatialion Sergeant Major 

Shoshone, Idaho. 
*Forsythe, Arthur T Battalion Sergeant Major 

Kennewick, Wash. 
♦Hamilton, Harold S Battalion Sergeant .Major 

Twin Falls, Idaho. 
♦Messmore, Charles B Battalion Sergeant Major 

St. Clair, .Mich. 

♦Lauterbach, Herbert G. . . First Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Jones, Charles P Colonel Sergeant .Martin, Idaho 

♦Lunn, Henry A Colonel Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

Kraft, Lawrence E Sergeant Bugler Worthington, Minn. 

♦Feeder, Roy E Sergeant Bugler Leeds, N. D. 

♦Austin, Charles W Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Berg, Fred G Sergeant Kennewick, Wash. 

♦Blake, Earl H Sergeant Philadeli)hia, Pa. 

♦Bo-wen, Theodore E Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Cryder, Oris Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Feurtado, Harold S Sergeant Jerome, Idaho 

♦Fuller, Russel Sergeant Shoshone, Idaho 

Goodwin, John H Sergeant Payette. Idaho 

♦Hamilton, Alexander . . . .Sergeant Oakland, Cal. 

♦Johnston. Dim can McD. . .Sergeant Boise, Idaho 

♦Linder, Floyd C . .Sergeant Payette, Idaho 

♦.McGrew, Thomas M Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

Pennington, John H Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Price, Sidney A Sergeant Lapwai, Idaho 

♦Ramsey, Lester W Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 



250 HisToUY OF (5(>Tii Field Autilleuy J*)Rigai)E 

*Rogers, Fay A Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

Rounds, Arvon D Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Schleuse, Pearl Sergeant Eagle, Idaho 

*Sells, James E Sergeant White Bluffs, Wash. 

*Sinema, John H Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Smith, Frank E Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

*Wise, Chester W Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Wynkooi), Niles S Sergeant Lewiston, Idaho 

Ayers, Verne A Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Blair, Horton H Corporal Lakeport, Cal. 

*Bolger, James H Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Bowen, Joseph S Corporal Richmond, Cal. 

*Bridges, Joseph H Corporal Dalkena, Wash. 

*Buck, John W Corporal Cincinnati, Ohio 

Budrow, Theodore T Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Burchett, Emery J Corporal Burley, Idaho 

*Cope, Marion J Corporal Burley, Idaho 

*Daggett, Dexter V Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Denlis, Elza M Corporal Oakland, Cal. 

^Dickens, Homer J Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Edwards, Stanley P Corporal Crockett, Cal. 

•"Elliott, Ralph V Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Fry, Edward A Corporal Jerome, Idaho 

♦Gillespie, Claud W Corporal Stanley, Idaho 

♦Harris, Joe W Corporal Prosser, Wash. 

*Hart, Bernard T Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Henry, Homer A Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Hunter, Lewis F Corporal Oakley, Idaho 

♦Jornigan, King M Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Karis, Victor H Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Linville, Carlos Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

Lunden, Pehr R Corporal South Brownsville, Pa. 

♦McClurg, Earl J Corporal Preston, Idaho 

♦McNary, Clifford H Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Miller, William A Corporal Cold Springs, Idaho 

♦Moon, Bonnie Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Neuman, Paul H Corporal Castle Ford, Idaho 

♦Ostheimer, Fred R Corporal. 

♦Parker, Lowell E Corporal Burley, Idaho 

♦Peiffer, Jasper N Corporal Prescott, Wash. 

♦Pennell, Andrew Corporal Martinez, Cal. 

Randall, Delniar W Corporal Buhl, Idaho 

♦Robertson, Harry B Corporal Naples, Idaho 

Shaw, George S Corporal Putnam, Conn. 

♦Smith, Scott A Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Soare, Lawrence H Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Streepy, John B Corporal Waitsburg, Wash. 

♦Wheeler, Raymond A Corporal Shoshone, Idaho 

♦Williamson, Rupert W. . . .Corporal Filer, Idaho 

♦Woodruff, Roy H Corporal Kimberly, Idaho 

♦ Youmans, Ross G Corporal Burley, Idaho 

♦Dobbs, Heber Chief Mechanic Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Edwards, Bradford A Cook Crockett, Cal. 

♦Kerr, Elmo Cook Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Rose, Leo P Cook Boise, Idaho 

♦Thomas, George Cook Burley, Idaho 

♦Tietsort , Ray Cook Nyssa, Ore. 

Tietsort, Roy Cook Emmett, Idaho 

♦Faust, Theodore Mechanic Preston, Idaho 

♦Lape, Loren B Mechanic Prosser, Wash. 

♦Moore, James C, Jr Mechanic Twin Falls, Idaho 



History of (JUtii P"'ield Artillery ]>ri(;ai)e L'oI 

*Patchen, Reginald L Mechanic Coeur d'Alene, Idalio 

*Bartlett, Blake Saddler Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Elliott, Clarence A Wagoner Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Erikson, Eugene C Wagoner Bruneau, Idaho 

*Hite, Percy J Wagoner Jerome. Idaho 

*Laynian, Adam P Wagoner Toppenish, Wash. 

*Lees, Alexander Wagoner Boise, Idaho 

*Lunn, Oscar Wagoner Xoith Yakima, Wash. 

McGrew, Harry C Wagoner Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Paul. Alfred L Wagoner Walla Walla, Wash. 

**Personius, Henry C Wagoner Shoshone, Idaho 

*Pitcairn, Charles S Wagoner Twin Falls, Idaho 

Rave, True Wagoner Chester, .Mont. 

*Le:\lay, Vivian A Bugler Jerome, Idaho 

*Higgins, Richard T Bugler Twin Falls, Idaho 

Gaston, Fred C Bugler Hailey, Idaho 

*Beam. Carse R Private First Class lerome, Idaho 

*Beauchamp, Lynn Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

Berry, Glenn W Private First Class. 

*Bowen, Arthur M Private First Class Albion, Idaho 

*Crane, Fred D Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Crews, Carl M Private First Class. . Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Fredericks, Clarence H... Private First Class.. Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Freenian, Frank E Private First Class Buhl, Idaho 

*French, Arthur D Private First Class Xorthport, Wash. 

*Fuqua, Ralph B Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Gochnour, George R Private First Class Burley, Idaho 

*Hafer, Marion S Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Hagler, Homer H Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Hailey, Emmett D Private First Class. . .Mt. Pleasant, Mich. 

♦Higgs, Ivor L Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

♦Hughes, Edward G Private First Class Somerville, Mass. 

♦Jackson, Orville Private First Class Burley, Idaho 

♦James, Raymond F Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Johnson, Chester S Private First Class Shoshone, Idaho 

♦Johnson, Perry T Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

Kunze, Albert A .Private First Class Cleveland, Ohio 

♦LaMarche, Hector C Private First Class Boyd, Wis. 

♦Lawson, Vernon R Private First Class Twin Falls. Idaho 

♦Long, Edward B Private First Class Burley, Idaho 

♦Lowery, Gilbert B Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦♦♦.McMeal, Gerald M Private First Class Burley, Idaho 

♦Marineau, Fred J Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Mills, Charles L Private First Class Sunset, Wash. 

♦Mullis, Sam K Private First Class Roswell, N. :\I. 

♦Peak, Fred E Private First Class Shoshone, Idaho 

♦Pennicuick, Norman Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Peters, Arthur M Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Rhinehart, Harland E Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Rittenhouse, David T Private First Class. . .Albuquerque, X. M. 

♦Robb, William G Private First Class Xampa, Idaho 

Rowberry, Wilbur N Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Silk-Downs, Jacques M. . .Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦Smith, Jack Private First Class Los Angeles, Cal. 

Sullivan. Jesse C Private First Class Twin Falls. Idaho 

♦Thirtyacre, Willis L Private First Class Toppenish, Wash. 

♦Tuttle, Howard A Private First Class Oakley, Idaho 

♦LTrquhart, Lloyd R ; . .Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Walker, Fred K Private First Class Shoshone, Idaho 

♦White, Edward B Private First Class lerome, Idaho 

* Williams, August V Private First Class Twin Falls. Idaho 



252 History of OOtii Field Artillery Brigade 

* Wilson, James H Private First Class Nampa, Idaho 

*Woodwortli, Leonard H. . .Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

***Adams, Ura L Private Prescott, Wash. 

* Ambler, Wilford Private Oaldey, Idaho 

*Anderson, Theodore Private Burley, Idaho 

*Bailey, Franli E Private Prescott, Wash. 

*Beam, Howard B Private Jerome, Idaho 

Benson, Hugh L Private Marietta, Ga. 

Boone, Chester M Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Bowman, James W Private. 

*Brickey, Ralph D Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Brock, Louis C Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Brown, Ray E Private Custer, Ark. 

*Brown, Ralph Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Brummett, Fusten Private Louisville, Ky. 

*Buschino, Benjamin P Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Bybee, Genoris R Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Carlson, Lawrence E Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Chipp, Warren V Private Boise, Idaho 

** Clark, Spencer C Private Spokane, Wash. 

Clements, Edward F Private. 

*Condit, Harry E Private Malta, Idaho 

*Cortesy, Andrew Private Spokane, Wash. 

*Coscio, Rocketto Private Oakland, Cal. 

*Critzer, Leslie H Private Spokane, Wash. 

*Dahlquist, Elis J Private Oakley, Idaho 

*Dixson, Earl H Private Boise, Idaho 

*Dobbs, Heber Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Drew, Basil W Private Wardner. Idaho 

Drinkwater, John E Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Duffes, Picton L Private Nampa, Idaho 

*Eddy, Mark L Private Nampa, Idaho 

*Ellis, Harold W Private Jerome, Idaho 

*Foss, Freeman C Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Garfield, Joseph A Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Gossett, Floyd B Private Tacoma, Wash. 

*Griflith, John G Private Marshfield, Idaho 

Hansen, Hartney J Private. 

*Hatch, Davis P Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Hendron, Ernest Private Louisville, Ky. 

*Hickey, Patrick J Private Edgewood, R. I. 

*Ingraham, Deane M Private Nampa, Idaho 

*Irwin. Thomas G Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Karis, Russel R Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Kilbane, John Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Leitch, Robert E Private Lewiston, Idaho 

*Litchfield, Charles E Private Electra, Texas 

McGwinn, Charles C Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

***McManaway, Jesse J Private Two Dot, Mont. 

*Mariani, Carlo Private Roswell, N. M. 

*Menefee, Cecil M Private Pocatello, Idaho 

*Molyneaux, Earl Private Burley, Idaho 

*Moodhe, Gilbert E Private Spokane, Wash. 

Olsen, Elmer B Private Manhattan, Kansas 

*Peterson, Loren A Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

* Proffer, Dewey F Private Waitsburg, Wash. 

*Root, Arthur C Private Bedford, Ind. 

*Russell, Loyd C Private Oakland, Cal. 

*Sandlin, John M Private Moulton, Ala. 

*Shedrun, George 1\I Private Marion, Ind. 

♦Shields, Arthur G Private Eden, Idaho 



History ok GOtu Fikld Aimim.kkv Brigadi-; 253 

*Shiiiey, Walter Private Chicago, 111. 

*Slaton. Hawthorne X Private Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Small, Sylvester J Private Sandpoint. Idaho 

*Si)encer, Gladwin M Private Adams, Ore. 

*Thomas, Ennis W Private Wallace, Idaho 

*Themblay, Joseph L Private Priest River. Idaho 

♦Wallace, William S Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Wenzel, Arthur E Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Worthington, Paul K Private Jerome, Idaho 

♦Whipple, Alson W. 11 Private South Bend, Ind. 

*Wynn, James B Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

* Yaden, Byron W Private Shoshone, Idaho 

Band. 

♦Thorp, John G Band Leader Twin Falls. Idaho 

♦Baillie, Paul E Assistant Band Leader 

Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 

♦Atherton. Ralph Band Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Peters, Kenneth K Band Sergeant Boise, Idaho 

♦Rowcliffe, Theodore Band Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Bates. Roy A Band Corporal Payette, Idaho 

♦Everett, Grover G Band Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Ostrander, Eugene E Band Corporal Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Rhoads, Steve C Band Corporal Payette, Idaho 

♦Sage, Darwin B Band Corporal Rathdru, Idaho 

Shaner, Willis F Band Corporal Olds, Iowa 

♦Benson, Oscar First Class Musician. . . .Sandi)oint, Idaho 

♦Ferneau, Forrest First Class .Musician. .Hunnewell, Kansas 

♦Holderman, Theodore ....First Class IMusician.. Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Jefferson, Albert J First Class Musician Boise, Idaho 

♦Koch, George P First Class Musician Oakley. Idaho 

♦Wennstrom, Ernest H. . . .First Class ^Musician Gooding, Idaho 

♦Bransconibe, Charles A. . .Second Class Musician. Grangeville, Idaho 

♦Foss, Victor Second Class ^lusicion. .Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Hensley, Manie A Second Class Musician, Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Hoffman, Harry C Second Class Musician. . . .Jerome, Idaho 

♦Neher. Earl B Second Class Musician. . . .Nampa, Idaho 

♦Olker. Lawrence O Second Class Musician. .Sandpoint. Idaho 

Reider, Amos H Second Class Musician. . . .Allentown. Pa. 

♦Vancurier, Dewey Third Class IMusician. . .Sandpoint, Idaho 

Rollins, Joseph P Third Class Musician Huron, S. D. 

♦Martin, James C Third Class IMusician Louisville, Ky. 

♦Lucas, David H Third Class :\Iusician Zillah, Wash. 

♦Hodge, Stephen M Third Class IMusician 

Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 

♦Bradley, Harold L Third Class Musician Nampa. Idaho 

♦Bradley, Asher S Third Class IMusician. . . .Redwood, Minn. 



254 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. 

146th Field Artillery. 

*Keiser, Elmer E Major. . .6933 Tulip St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Commanding Medical Detachment. 

Conant, Carrol C Major Weiser, Idaho 

Fogo, Hugh M Captain Pardeeville, Wis. 

Miller, John S Captain Rossville, Tenn. 

Anderton, Murrell W Captain Winchester, Tenn. 

*Stark, Ernst H Captain Paris, Texas 

Commanding Medical Detachment, First Battalion. 

Petty, Wallace S Captain Kansas City, Mo. 

Harris, Frederick T Captain Lewiston, Idaho 

*Tanner, Smith C Captain New Orleans, La. 

Dental Surgeon, First Battalion. 

*Hapgood, Clarence H First Lieutenant, 617 Parade St., Erie, Pa. 

Dental Surgeon, Second Battalion. 

Waite, Frank R First Lieutenant Montclair, N, J. 

Gould, Clarence B First Lieutenant Batavia, N. Y. 

*Boyd, Richard M First Lieutenant Aberdeen, Miss. 

Commanding Medical Detachment, Third Battalion. 

*Corn, John A First Lieutenant Amoret, Mo. 

Commanding Medical Detachment, Second Battalion. 

*Atterberry, James C First Lieutenant Nampa, Idaho 

Dental Surgeon, 146th Field Artillery. 

Crouch, Junious E First Lieutenant Payette, Idaho 

Somers, Thomas A. D First Lieutenant. .517 W. 135th St., N. Y. 

Whiteman, Robert T First Lieutenant Council, Idaho 

*Hough, Warren J First Lieutenant Tacoma, Wash. 

Surgeon, Regimental P. C. and Brigade P. C. 

Gaunt, George G First Lieutenant Heppner, Ore. 

McLellan, Gordon L First Lieutenant Nampa, Idaho 

Ballentine, Harlan J Chaplain Warren, R. I. 

Zingen, Alois N Chaplain Milwaukee, Wis. 

*MacDonald, Archibald N. .Chaplain Ritzville, Wash. 

Chaplain, 146th Field Artillery. 

Lawhon, Glen J Second Lieutenant Charlotte, N. C. 

Walch, Lee I Second Lieutenant St. Joseph, Mo. 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Medical Detachment 146th Field Artillery. 

*Bond, George H Sergeant First Class Weiser, Idaho 

Stolle, Frederick G Sergeant First Class Boise, Idaho 

*Smith, Paul Sergeant Weiser, Idaho 

*Timms, George P Sergeant Gooding, Idaho 

♦Waters, Walter W Sergeant Weiser. Idaho 

Anderson, Julius C Sergeant Parma, Idaho 

*Kendall, John W Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

Stolle, Carl M Sergeant Boise, Idaho 

*Allen, Oscar C Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

* Anderson, Carl J Private First Class Petaluma, Cal. 

♦Downing, Don C Private First Class Emmett, Idaho 

*Gailey, Rex Private First Class Drummond, Idaho 

*Hopper, Lloyd Private First Class Weiser, Idaho 

*Kaiser, Ezra C Private First Class Weiser, Idaho 

*Lewis, Clarence W Private First Class Boise. Idaho 

*McCann, Clarence E Private First Class Ontario, Cal. 



*Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



History of ()(>tii Field Artillkuy Hrkjaok 2^^'} 

*Monroe, Fred D Private First Class Emmett, Idaho 

MacEwan, Donald C Private First Class Kalamazoo, .Mich. 

*Noble, William W Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

*Peek, Jesse J Private First Class Roswell, N. .M. 

*Rose, Jack Private First Class Weiser, Idaho 

*Scovell, Cornelius P Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

*Sommers, Milton C Private First Class Weiser, Idaho 

* Windsor, Harry C Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

*Clark, Daniel L Private First Class Roswell, X. M. 

Crater, Rollo V Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

Crouch, Merrill C Private First Class Payette, Idaho 

Gray, Arthur R Private First Class Perkins, Idaho 

*Harimann, Halstead Private First Class Brooklyn, N. Y. 

*Kincaid, Gordon J Private First Class Richfield, Idaho 

*McHardy, Calin A Private First Class Louisiana 

**Schirmer, Lawrence F. . . .Private First Class \Veiser, Idaho 

*Aniick, Joseph A Private Ponca, Neb. 

*Cohen, Reuben R Private Los Angeles, Cal. 

*Godfrey, Grant D Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Hall, Hugh B Private Jacksonville, Florida 

*Hartsell, Lee G Private Clarion, Pa. 

*Thompson, John Private St. Joseph, Mo. 

*Tiemeyer, Fred C Private Burlington, Iowa 

*Tritsch, Robert J Private Jefferson City, Mo. 

Beach, James W Private IMountain Home, Idaho 

*Kallgren, Oscar A Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Kinyon, John F Private Boise, Idaho 

Mc^NIurren, Leslie Private Weiser, Idaho 

Morgan, Harold M Private Muscatine, Iowa 

Mulledy, Chester T Private Rathdruni, Idaho 

Pettyiohn, Charles C Private Gooding, Idaho 

*Randall, Aerden T Private Concord, Cal. 

Reynolds. Ralph S Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Roberts, Maurice R Private Weiser, Idaho 

Sawyer, Raivel P Private Bismarck, N. D. 

***Star, Frank J Private Colville. Wash. 

Steffen. Edward A Private Payette, Idaho 

*Wagner, Claude F Private North Yakima, Wash. 



25G History of (ItJ'jii Fiioi.d Artillery Brioade 

FIELD AND STAFF. 

First Battalion, 146th Field Artillery. 

*DeBremond. Charles M Major Roswell, N. M. 

Battalion Commander. 

See Battery A and Regimental Commander 

♦Hamilton, James C Major Roswell, N. M. 

Battalion Commander. 
See Battery A 

♦Turner, Channing T First Lieutenant Springfield, Mass. 

Bottalion Adjutant (Acting). 
See Headquarters Company and Battel y A 

*Sloan, Lawrence W First Lieutenant Salt Lake City, Utah 

Battalion Adjutant (Acting). 
See Headquarters Company 

*Robins, Edward J Captain Couer d'Alene, Idaho 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Battery C and Headquarters Company 

*Stark, Ernest H Captain Paris, Texas 

Battalion Surgeon. 
See Medical Detachment 

♦Langdon, Alfred C First Lieutenant Palouse, Wash. 

Battalion Orienteur Officer. 
See Battery A 

*Morton. Harry H First Lieutenant Boise, Idaho 

Battalion Supply Officer. 
See Battery A and Regimental Adjutants 

*Mahone, Francis D First Lieutenant Honolulu, H. I. 

Battalion Telephone Officer. 
See Battery C and Headquarters Company 

*Hayford, Warren Second Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Battalion Telephone Officer. 
See Headquarters Company 

* Jones, Hugh M Second Lieutenant Wisconsin 

Battalion Signal Officer. 
See Battery C, Supply Compan.\-, Headquarteis Compan>- and Batteiy A 

*Witthack, Henry F Second Lieutenant West Mystic, Conn. 

Battalion Ammunition Officer. 
See Battery A 

BATTERY "A" 

146th Field Artillery. 

*De Bremond, Charles M. . .Captain Roswell, N. M. 

Battery Commander. 
See 1st Battalion Staff, Regimental Commanders 

♦Hamilton, James C Captain Roswell, N. M. 

Battery Commander. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

*Hird, Willard F Captain Roswell, N. M. 

Battery Commander. 
See Battery C 

♦Porter, James W First Lieutenant Twin Falls, Idaho 

Reconnaissance Officer. 
See Battery B 

*Robbins, Edward J First Lieutenant Couer d'Alene, Idaho 

See Battery C and Headquarters Company 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease, or Accident. 



HiSTOUV OF (idril FlKLl) AkTIIJ.KUV liKKi.VDE 257 

*Middleton, Wilder H First Lieutenant Waverly, Ohio 

Executive Officer. 
See Battery C and Supply Company 

*Letcher, Ransom B First Lieutenant Salt Lake City, Utah 

Supijly Officer. 
See Battery B 

* Walker, Willard F First Lieutenant New York, N. Y. 

Supply Officer. 
See Headquai ter.s Company 

Williams, Fay F First Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Sanders, Floyd S First Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Wallace, E First Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery. 

*Turner. Channing First Lieutenant Billings, Mont. 

Battery Commander. 

See I lea(l(iuarter.s ("ompan.v 

*Morton. Harry H First Lieutenant Boise, Idaho 

Supply Officer. 
See Supply Company. Kegimental Adjutants and l.st I'.attalion Staff 

*Langdon, A. C First Lieutenant Palouae, Wash. 

Orienting Officer. 
See l.st liattalion Staff. Headquarters Company. Battery F 

*Ely, George B Second Lieutenant Olivet, Mich. 

Second Platoon and Mechanical Officer. 

*Bear, Roger J Second Lieutenant Stanton, Va. 

Reconnaissance and Orienting Officer. 

*Witthack, Henry F Second Lieutenant West Mystic, Conn. 

Gas Officer. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

Garner, W. C Second Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery. 

Bren, J. F Second Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Litchfield, Charles E Second Lieutenant 

Private in Instrument Detail. 
See Battery C 

♦Jones, Hugh M Second Lieutenant Ashland, Wis. 

Supply Officer. 

See Supply Companv, Batttiv C, Headquarters Company and 1st 

Battalion Staff 

*Stadtler. H. W Second Lieutenant 

Orienting Officer. 
See Battery B 

♦Davis, Walter T Second Lieutenant Elkhart, Ind. 

Supply Officer. 
See LJattery F 

Pierce, Roscoe C Second Lieutenant Roswell, N. M. 

Sergeant and First Sergeant. 

Durand, Raymond Second Lieutenant Dexter, N. M. 

Instrument Sergeant. 

Halloran, William J Second Lieutenant. . . .Albuquerque, N. M. 

Instrument Sergeant. 



258 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

ENLISTED MEN BATTERY "A". 

146th Field Artillery. 

*Messmore, Charles Bn. Sergeant Major Detroit, Mich. 

*0'Loughlin, John P Bn. Sergeant Major. . .Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Hughes. Ira M First Sergeant Douglas, Ariz. 

*Rhea, Wilbur J Supply Sergeant Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Starzinger, Herbert A Mess Sergeant Los Angeles, Calif. 

*Guffey, Asa M Sergeant Elida, N. M. 

*Schram, Harry F Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

*01iver, William R Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

*Drace, Chester M Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

*Skillman, Richard C Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

* Arnold, George C Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

*Samuelson, Oscar S Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

*Dungan. Irwin S Sergeant Roswell. N. M. 

*Skipwith, John W Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

*Favre, Jules H Sergeant Roswell. N. M. 

*Johnson, Clyde M Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

*Lee, Floyd W Sergeant Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Faulkner, Fred L Sergeant Belen, N. M. 

*Kidd, Percy G Sergeant Roswell, N. M. 

* Walton, Joseph K Sergeant Albuquerque, N. M. 

Ingle, Robert J Sergeant North Carolina 

*Gruebner, Clarence F Corporal Milwaukee, Wis. 

*McConnell, Rufus M Corporal Roswell, N. M. 

*Prebbanow, William C. . . . Corporal Grand Rapids, Wis. 

Shears, Owen B Corporal Roswell, N. M. 

*Rathbone, Norwood C Corporal New York City 

*Cady, Earl C Corporal Lansing, Mich. 

*Smith, James F Corporal Glencoe, Texas 

*Sparrenberger, August J. . Corporal Clovis, N. M. 

*Mauldin, Sidney A Corporal Mountain Park, N. M. 

*Lillybeck, Charles Corporal Roswell, N. M. 

*Fischer, Otto E Corporal Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Coons, Bennie C Corporal Lubbock, Texas 

*Briggs, William H Corporal Grand Ledge, Mich. 

*Hansen, James A Corporal Milwaukee, Wis. 

*McNeil, James H Corporal Roswell, N. M. 

*Rliea, Leslie D Corporal Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Swensen, Joel Corporal Eau Claire, Wis. 

*Stark, Humbert. Corporal Grand Rapids, Wis. 

Shaw. George S Corporal Putnam, Conn. 

* Shearman, Stewart Corporal Roswell. N. M. 

*Stuckey, Thomas E Corporal Roswell, N. M. 

*Martin. Howard M Corporal Lansing, Mich. 

**Newcomer, Emmett J Corporal 

*Bender, Walter E Corporal Milton, Pa. 

Conyers, Nathan Corporal Galveston, Texas 

*Garrett, Guy C Corporal Roswell, N. M. 

Fenwick, Jack M Chief Mechanic Clovis, N. M. 

*Roberts, Clarence A Chief Mechanic Roswell, N. M. 

*Burrows, Walter A Cook Toledo, Ohio 

**Daniels, Robert C Cook 

**Steinke, Leroy O Cook Beckley, Ore. 

*Vaughn. Jack M Cook Cutter, N. M. 

*Wrixton, Ernest E Cook Racine, Wis. 

*Beck, James Mechanic Roswell, N. M. 

*Boegiin, John H Mechanic Roswell, N. M. 

*Cook, John H Mechanic Hope, Ind. 

***Grimes, Tom Mechanic Frederick, Okla. 

*Monk, Jacob L Mechanic Escalon. Calif. 



History of G6th Field Artillery Brigade 2r»0 

*Wyatt, Charles E Mechanic Roswell, N. M. 

♦Musick, George B Saddler Roswell, N. M. 

*Wynn, Emmett L Saddler Minco, Okla. 

*Barnett. James C Wagoner Roswell, N. M. 

Bean, Thomas H .Wagoner South Boston, Mass. 

*Becker, Paul F Wagoner Springerville, Ariz. 

♦Burleson, Thomas J Wagoner Lincoln, N. M. 

*Cathey, Jack Wagoner Elida, N. M. 

*Clark, Lester B Wagoner Davenport, Iowa 

*Clarkson, William E Wagoner Lake Arthur, N. M. 

*Cobb. Stephen J Wagoner Elida, N. M. 

Drolet, Henry Wagoner Waterbury, Conn. 

*Epperson, Herff G Wagoner Roswell, N. M. 

*Fielden, Edgar A Wagoner Magdalena, N. M. 

♦Flowers, James N Wa.goner Elida, N. M. 

♦Goldsmith, Don C. M Wagoner Belen, N. M. 

Marsella, Charles Wagoner Waterbury, Conn. 

♦McMullen, Leland D Wagoner Vaughn, N. M. 

♦McNeill, Thomas E Wagoner Mosquero, N. M. 

♦Norris. Altie E Wagoner Roswell, N. M. 

Phillips, Charles Wagoner Luin, Miss. 

Pullium, Grady W Wagoner Royston. Ga. 

♦Smith, Euin G Wagoner Roswell, N. M. 

♦Stark, William J Wagoner Buchanan, N. M. 

♦Weiller. David E Wagoner Albuquerque, N. M. 

♦♦Simmons, Paul C Bugler Belen, N. M. 

♦Ray. George R., Jr Bugler Roswell. N. M. 

♦Ashley, Tom B Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

♦Barth, Sidney N Private First Class... .Albuquerque, N. M. 

♦♦Bearden, Alvin L Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

♦Beers, Charles W Private First Class Muskegon, Mich. 

♦Boyles, Edward D Private First Class Avis, N. M. 

♦Breed, Robert W Private First Class Ft. Smith. Ark. 

Brizius, Arthur Private First Class... .Albuquerque, N. M. 

♦Christenson, Arthur Private First Class... .Grand Rapids, Wis. 

♦Chrisman, Hobert H Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

♦Clark, Roy L Private First Class Elida, N. M. 

♦Connelly, Lawrence L Private First Class Memphis. Texas. 

♦Couch, Archie L Private First Class Huntington, Tnd. 

♦Crow, Perna H Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

♦Culver, George A Private First Class Birce, N. M. 

Daffern, Elver V Private First Class Cap Rock, N. M. 

♦Derbique. Joseph J Private First Class Green Bay, Wis. 

♦Diehl, Oscar S Private First Class Holt, Mich. 

Drake, Howard S Private First Class Buffalo, N. Y. 

Dry, Fred Private First Class... .Albuquerque, N. M. 

♦Durre, Lawrence Private First Class 

♦Eron, Phillip A Private First Class... .Grand Rapids. Wis. 

♦Fantacci, Carl Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

♦Finley, Jesse L Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

♦Focacci, Charles F Private First Class Lodi. Calif. 

♦Fuqua, Ral]ih S Private First Class Twin Falls. Idaho 

Goodsell. Van Dyke Private First Class Brooklyn, N. Y. 

♦Habeck. George H Private First Class... .Grand Rapids. Wis. 

Haley, Emmett L Private First Class 

Hall, Elmer Private First Class Roswell. N. M. 

♦Harbert, Homer H Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

Howe, Alfred D . .Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

Howell, Frederick W .Private First Class... .Albuquerque, N. M. 

♦Jones, Henry E Private First Class Lansing, Mich. 

♦Johns, Albert Private First Class England 

♦Johnson, Melvin C Private First Class Galesville, Wis. 



260 History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 

*Juclson, Harley D Private First Class. . . .Lake Geneva, Wis. 

Jolinson, Perry T Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

*King, Fred N Private First Class Charlotte, Mich. 

*Kirkpatrick, Roy G Private First Class... .Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Koehnen, Albert Private First Class Stockton, Calif. 

*Larson, Chester M Private First Class Menteca, Calif. 

*Latimer, Arthur B Private First Class Dexter, N. M. 

*Leatherman, Bert H Private First Class Caldencia, Mich. 

Long. Hunter D Private First Class Magdalena, N. M. 

*Long, Roy H Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

*Lyles, Archie M Private First Class Dallas, Texas 

Mariani, Carolo Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

*McDermitt, Henry C Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

*McMeal, Gerlad M Private First Class Idaho 

Misner, Henry F Private First Class 

Mullis, Samuel K Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

O'Dell, Earl Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

*0'Dell, Guy M Private First Class Hagerman, N. M. 

*Padgham, Lorenzo J Private First Class. . .Fort Edwards, Wis. 

*Putney, Lyman B Private First Class... .Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Reed, Lynn M Private First Class Lansing, Mich. 

Rittenhouse, David T Private First Class... .Albuquerque, N. M. 

*Robbins, Noel Private First Class Dexter, N. M. 

*Rossman, Paul W Private First Class Toledo, Ohio 

*Ryder, Frederick W Private First Class Milwaukee, Wis. 

*Shaha, Marvin C Private First Class Clayton, N. M. 

Shirley, Russell C Private First Class Detroit, Mich. 

*Smithcamp, Clarence F. . Private First Class Stockton, Calif. 

*Stai)p, Harley R Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

*Thompson, Harry E Private First Class Lansing, Mich. 

Thurston, Arthur C .Private First Class 

*Van Ever, Cleyo Private First Class Bancroft, Mich. 

*Wales, Gordon L Private First Class Phoenix, Ariz. 

*Webb, Jones E Private First Class Dexter, N. M. 

*Williams. Joe K Private First Class Altus, Okla. 

*Wondoloski. Steve Private First Class Stockton, Calif. 

*Aldridge, Clarence L Private Rolls, Texas 

* Anderson, Frank P. . Private Columbus, Ind. 

♦Anderson, Walter L Private 

*Askins, Lester J Private Roswell, N. M. 

*Aydelotte, Charles W Private Louisville, Ky. 

**Barnes, Winfred Private Roswell. N. M. 

*Barnett, Grady J Private Roswell, N. M. 

Beal, Estes Private Magdalena, N. M. 

*Benedict, Robert W Private Minneapolis, Minn. 

*Bigham, Garland S Private Roswell. N. M. 

*Bullard, Charles D Private Roswell, N. M. 

Bullard. Jay Private 

*Burke, Fred E Private Cincinnati, Ohio 

***Burkle, Charles Private Louisville, Ky. 

*Carter, McKinley Private Tellico, Tenn. 

*Cazier, Jerry Private Dexter, N. M. 

Chambers, Ernest C Private 

*Charlton, Russell C Private Clayton, N. M. 

*Chesher, Mose H Private Roswell, N. M. 

Clark, Daniel L Private Raton, N. M. 

*Clary, William Private Breckenridge, Texas 

*Coker, Roy E Private Roswell, N. M. 

*Cooley, Willie M Private Roswell, N. M. 

**Corn, Charles S Private Roswell. N. M. 

**Costa, Frank S Private Stockton, Calif. 

*Cravens, Milton H Private Roswell, N. M. 



History of GGtii Field Artiltj:ry Brigade 201 

♦Culver, Alber Lee Private Birce, N. M. 

*Daffern, Elzie L Private Cap Rock, N. M. 

*Davis, Fred C Private Silver Cit.v, N. M. 

*Davis, Lester L Private Roswell, N. M. 

*Davison, Jack V Private Roswell, N. M. 

Donnelly, Albert A Private 

*Doyal, Lee E Private Portales, N. M. 

Dries, John S Private 

*Easley, William A Private Alto, N. M. 

♦Epperson, Henry E Private Roswell. N. M. 

*Erickson, Oscar N Private Dallas, Texas 

Evans, John Private 

*Finley, Riife Private Elida, N. M. 

♦Fleming, Josei)h K Private Roswell, N. M. 

Floyd, Samuel B Private 

Fox, Max J Private Magdalena, N. M. 

Gianella, Louis Private San Francisco, Calif. 

Goodman, Howard S Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Goulette, John W Private Roswell. N. M. 

♦Graham, John W Private Elmendorf, N. M. 

♦Green, George H Private Green Bay, Wis. 

♦Griffith, Isham G Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Grubaugh, James C Private Maple Rapids, Mich. 

♦Hallford, Burl P Private Roswell, N. M. 

Hatch, Stanley P Private 

♦Hardin, Boon Private Roswell, N. M. 

Hawk, Harley V Private 

Hays, Bryant E Private El Paso, Texas 

♦♦Higgins, Gerald M Private Lansing, Mich. 

♦Hollis, Marley Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Huning, Adolph H Private Santa Barbara, Calif. 

♦Irons. Ira D Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Jackson, Charles Private Dexter, N. M. 

♦James. John R Private Albuquerque, N. M. 

♦Kane. James Private Detroit, Mich. 

♦Key, Rodney Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Kenyon, Hobart Private Hastings, Mich. 

♦♦Kellogg, Cecil C Private 

♦Kibbee, Arthur S Private Portland. Ore. 

♦Linquist. Andrew Private Fowler, Mich. 

♦Lyons, Emerald C Private Grand Rapids, Wis. 

Mayhall, John Private Clevis, N. M. 

Myhe, Patrick J Private Buffalo, N. Y. 

McClure, Virgil A Private Kansas City, Mo. 

McRaney, Henry A Private Belen, N. M. 

♦Miles, Henry L Private McLain, Texas 

♦Mitchell, Elick B Private Monahan, Texas 

Morehead, Jesse A. ...... . Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Morgan, George R Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Moseley, Ira B Private Roswell. N. M. 

Ogles, Floyd B Private Dexter, N. M. 

♦Parker, Charles A Private Detroit, Mich. 

Peek, Jesse Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Pope. Charles Private Deming, N. M. 

Ramsey. James H Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Ramsey, Samuel N Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Reamy, John A. Jr Private Richland, N. M. 

♦Roberson, Andy J. ...... . Private Edgewood, Calif. 

♦Roberts, Cecil E Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Roberts, James R Private Elida, N. M. 

♦Roberts, Lee S Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Robinson, George M Private Grand Rapids, Wis. 



li<»2 HiSToKV OK (><)Tii Field Autillkry Brigade 

♦Robinson, Thane G Private Boise, Idaho 

Roclverfeller, Jacli C Private Rosvi^ell, N. M. 

*Russ, Cecil Private Roswell, N. M. 

*SchuItz, John G Private Nel^oosa. Wis. 

♦Shannon, William W Private Clovis, N. M. 

*Smith, Ernest J Private Valley View, N. M. 

♦Smith, Wesley G Private Weed, N. M. 

Snow, Karl .Private 

*Sone, Albert W Private Elida, N. M. 

♦Stanton, Thomas L Private Flint, Mich. 

♦♦Stockley, Albert Private Acme, N. M. 

♦Stockley, Chester Private Acme, N. M. 

♦Strauss, Emil Private Lansing, Mich. 

♦♦Stuart, Gordon Private Plainfield, N. J. 

♦Sullivan, Donald E Private 

♦Walker, Thomas C Private Byrds, Texas 

♦Williams, Ray H Private Hereford, Texas 

♦Wilkins, Hune Private Cap Rock, N. M. 

♦Wilson, Frederick R Private Lodi, Calif. 

♦Willingham, Jesse T Private Roswell, N. M. 

♦Wimer, George Private Moriarity, N. M. 

♦Woodrow, Arthur C Private 

Woods, Harley R Private 

Yanow. Arthur Private Albuquerque, N. M. 

Yost, Ralph E Private St. Louis, Mo. 



IIisTouY OF (XJtii 1""'ii:li) Akiili.kky Brigade 203 

BATTERY "B" 

14«th Field Artillery. 

Van (le Steeg, George H. . . Cai)tain Nampa, Idaho 

Commanding Battery. 

Banks. D. F Captain Caldwell, Idaho 

Commanding Battery. 

Gjedsted, Charles E Captain Ontario, Canada 

Commanding Battery. 

*Porter. .lames W Captain Twin F"alls, Idaho 

Commanding Battery. 
See Battery A 

*McMartin. Geoige F First Lieutenant Couer d'Alene, Idaho 

Battery Duty and Commanding Battery. 

***Muri-ay, .Josei)h H., Jr. . . .First Lieutenant Nampa, Idaho 

Battery Duty. 

*Egbert, Arthur J First Lieutenant Nampa Idaho 

Battery Duty. 
See Battery F and Battery B, 148th F. A. 

*Letcher. Ransom B First Lieutenant Salt Lake City, Utah 

Executive Offic-er and Battery Duty. 
See P.attery A 

Youngs, George. Jr First Lieutenant 

Battery Duty. 

*Sanders, Floyd S First Lieutenant Traverse City, Mich. 

Reconnaissance Officer. 

McConnell, Merve G First Lieutenant Caldwell, Idaho 

Battery Duty. 

Preston, Glen A Second Lieutenant Howe, Ind. 

Battery Duty. 
See Headquarters Company 

*Kelley, George B. G Second Lieutenant Syracuse, N. Y. 

Ammunition Officer and Battery Duty. 

Watsell, Stanford C Second Lieutenant 

Battery Duty. 

Wanzer, Stanley H Second Lieutenant 

Battery Duty. 

Emmons, G. G Second Lieutenant 

Battery Duty. 

*McLeish. Archibald Second Lieutenant. .New York City, N. Y. 

Battery Duty. 

*Litchfield, Cliarles E Second Lieutenant Clovis. N. M. 

On Duty with Battery. 
See Battei-y .V 

Gonder, Carlos G Second Lieutenant Boswell, Pa. 

On Duty with Battery. 

ENLISTED MEN BATTERY "B" 

146th Field Artillery. 

Lamson. Donald D First Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 

*Laing, Robert B First Sergeant Nam])a, Idaho 

♦Grimes, Will F Sergeant Murphy, Idaho 

Hamilton. Lester G Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease, or Accident. 



204 Hisrouv OF (!(;i'ii Fikij) Autilleuy Huigadk 

*Townsencl, Glenn Sergeant Breckenridge, Mo. 

Worthington, Lynn C Sergeant Boise, Idaho 

***Pierce, William O Sergeant Malta, Idaho 

Baumgardner. Boyd G. . . .Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 

Jennings, Talbot D Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 

*Clay, Cecil B Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 

*Cox, George L Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 

*Kinney, Howard Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 

*Stevens, Justus M Sergeant Montpelier, Idaho 

*Budge, Preston M Sergeant Paris, Idaho 

*Maxwell, Charles Sergeant Mountain Home, Idaho 

*Green, William H Sergeant Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Robins, Miles R Sergeant Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Wilson, John B Sergeant Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Kennedy, Thomas R Sergeant Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Cressey, Adams R Sergeant Milwaukee, Wis. 

■•♦Hall, Earl Sergeant Kenosha, Wis. 

Cryder, Oris Sergeant Twin Falls, Idaho 

DuiTes, Preson L Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Gilbert, Carl O Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

*Bowen, Louis C Corporal Blackf oot, Idaho 

*Reiber, Edward Corporal New York City, N. Y. 

♦Weaver, Chester M Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Sorenson, Mell G Corporal Montpelier, Idaho 

Henry, Homer A Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Hasbrouck, Harold E. . . . Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Moore, Harry L Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦♦Patterson, Melvin D Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Lively, Ernest C Corporal Middleton, Idaho 

♦Bous, Anthony Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Jones, Galen C Corporal Middleton, Idaho 

♦Wake, Truelock M Corporal Malta, Idaho 

♦Borst, Charles M Corporal St. Paul, Minn. 

♦Calloway, Hill H Corporal Mountain Home, Idaho 

♦Durkin, James Corporal Philadelphia, Pa. 

♦Kennedy, Leonard Corporal Nampa, Idaho 

♦Mathews, Brice S .Corporal Middleton, Idaho 

♦McEachren, William C. . . .Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Meyerhoff, George E Corporal Lynd, Wash. 

Sander, Carlton A Corporal Seattle, Wash. 

♦Rowell, Harold L Corporal Bay View, Idaho 

Hay, Arthur P Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Le Vonde, William Corporal Sens Yonne, France 

Dunn, Jack C Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Ray, David L Corporal Washticuna, Wash. 

♦Metten, Harry F Corporal Kenosha, Wis. 

♦Mastic, William B Corporal WeberviUe, Mich. 

♦Murphy, Dave P Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Gallitin, John Corporal McKeesport, Pa. 

♦Beckdolt, Herbert L Chief Mechanic Kina, Idaho 

♦Norris, Edgar B Chief Mechanic Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Pendleton, John Cook Nampa, Idaho 

♦Castile, Lennie C .Cook Nampa, Idaho 

♦♦♦Dace, Oscar W Cook Pleasant Hill, Mo. 

♦Everitt, Lewis S Cook Halbart, Ind. 

McDonald, Earl Cook Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Cattell, George F Cook Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Dorsey, Calvin R Mechanic Kuna, Idaho 

♦Craig, Harold T Mechanic Nampa, Idaho 

De Haas, Charles H Mechanic Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Mattern, Albert Z Mechanic Wabash, Ind. 

♦Sterk, Carl H Mechanic Albany, Ky. 



History of (KJth Field Artillkuy liRKJADK 205 

*Obstarczyk, Joseph F Saddler Nampa, Idaho 

♦Sherman, Fred R Wagoner Nampa, Idaho 

*Chenoweth, Ray R Wagoner Middleton, Idaho 

♦Mcllwain, Carl E Wagoner Monti)elier, Idaho 

♦Nicholas. Max Wagoner Nampa, Idaho 

♦Austin, .James H Wagoner Mountain Home, Idaho 

♦Bell, Fred H Wagoner. .Faymouth, New Brunswick. Can. 

♦Bernard, James C, Jr Wagoner Wilson, Idaho 

♦Besecker, Frank E Wagoner Mountain Home, Idaho 

♦Bloom, Robert A Wagoner Nampa, Idaho 

♦Harley, Joseph W Wagoner Bruneau, Idaho 

♦Martin. William Wagoner Paul, Idaho 

♦Moorehouse, Elvin C Wagoner Nampa, Idaho 

♦Oeder, \\'illis M Wagoner Nampa, Idaho 

♦Orcutt. Joy Wagoner Boise, Idaho 

♦♦Wood, Earl Wagoner Burley, Idaho 

Kaiser, Ernest C Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Thomiison, Walter J Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Brendel, Boyd. . Wagoner Washticuna, Wash. 

♦Christenson, Arnold J. . . .Wagoner Spokane, Wash. 

♦Rogers, Charles A Wagoner Montiney, Calif. 

Riddle, Harold Wagoner Armel, Colo. 

Robinson, Frank Wagoner Everitt, Mich. 

♦Eagle. Crawford C Bu.gler Nampa. Idaho 

♦Kreofsky. Edward A Bugler Hulpant, Ore. 

♦McDonald. Alexander M. ..Bugler Richmond. Calif. 

♦Funk, Willie Bugler Louisville, Ky. 

♦Baillie, Lloyd D Private First Class Nampa. Idaho 

♦♦♦Botkin, Howard L Private First Class Nampa, Idaho 

• *Corn, William B Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

Dixon. James M Private First Class Nampa. Idaho 

Dulaney. Elvin Private First Class Nampa, Idaho 

♦♦Grant, Clarence Private First Class Nampa, Idaho 

♦Harding, William G Private First Class Garfield, Utah 

♦Henry, Orin M Private First Class Nampa, Idaho 

♦Johnson, Lawrence B Private First Class Emmett. Idaho 

♦Karcher, George F Private First Class Nampa, Idaho 

♦Le Van, James H Private First Class Middleton, Idaho 

♦Neglay, Vincent H Private First Class Kuna. Idaho 

O'Connor, Charles E Private First Class Montpelier, Idaho 

♦Payne, Frank Private First Class St. Louis. Mo. 

Poole. Robert P Private First Class Nampa. Idaho 

Prout. Ira O Private First Class Nampa. Idaho 

♦Smith. Ernest E Private First Class Montpelier, Idaho 

Youngs. Frank O Private First Class Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Baillie. John Private First Class Nampa. Idaho 

♦Banner. George Private First Class. .San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Berry. Burtt L Private First Class Homedale, Idaho 

♦Castile. Andrew J Private First Class Nampa, Idaho 

♦Dykstra, Herman B Private First Class Nampa. Idaho 

♦Eakins, Herman Private First Class Robarts, Ky. 

♦Ellison, Alvin F Private First Class Mt. Home. Idaho 

♦Emmerson, William E Private First Class Star, Idaho 

♦Jennings. Charles E Private First Class... .Glacier Park, Mont. 

♦Johnson. Adolph R Private First Class Rockport. Mich. 

♦McNary, Roland Private First Class Nampa. Idaho 

♦Orchard. Jesse Private First Class Montpelier. Idaho 

♦Porter, Voris R Private First Class Boise, [daho 

♦Scott. William J. B Private First Class Malta, Idaho 

*Scott, Charles B .Private First Class Malta, Idaho 

♦Felch, Myrl A Private First Class. .Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

♦Bartlett, Robert E Private First Class Butte, Mont. 



260 History of (Wi'iii Fiklk Aktii.lkuv Ukkjadk 

Gray, Harley M Private First Class. .Coeiir d'Alene, Idaho 

*Hahn, Charles T Private First Class Washington, D. C. 

*Heyn, Ray Private First Class. .Coeiir d'Alene, Idaho 

***Hiighes, Robert O Private First Class Spirit Lake, Idaho 

♦Johnston, Lyle F Private First Class Arlington, Idaho 

*La Fountaine, William. . ..Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Mattox. Charles H Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Taylor, Walter M Private First Class Rumnersield, Pa. 

*Huyck, Rolland B Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Lov^rery, Gilbert P. Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Marker, Earl E Private First Class Morgan, Utah. 

*Meyerhoff, Arnold C Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

*Root, James P Private First Class Danville, Calif. 

*Sinfield, Charles M Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Smith, Jack O'H Private First Class. . . .Los Angeles. Calif. 

**Wickertsheimer, Paul Private First Class Rathdrum, Idaho 

*Wiley, Ralph Private First Class Wallace, Idaho 

*Wolf, Frederick P Private First Class Troy, N. Y. 

*Hoag, David Private First Class Springport, Wis. 

* Hughes, Stanley Private First Class Racine, Wis. 

*Moon, Howard Private First Class. . . .Lake Geneva, Wis. 

*Sika, Edward Private First Class Racine, Wis. 

*LaCopra, Joseph A Private First Class Kansas City, Mo. 

*Lochner, Clarence Private First Class Louisville, Ky. 

*Long, Charles T Private First Class Louisville, Ky. 

♦Herman, Charles E Private Montpelier, Idaho 

*Beam, Howard B Private Jerome, Idaho 

*Bell, Oliver Private Meridian, Idaho 

♦Beutler, Ernest C Private Shannon, Idaho 

*Backman, Walter E Private Malta, Idaho 

*Boulware, George E Private Malta, Idaho 

*Bowen, Earl L Private Brigham City, Idaho 

*Bruce, Benjamin D Private Mountain Home, Idaho 

*Bumgarner, Frank E Private Mountain Home, Idaho 

Calloway, William S. Jr. ..Private Mountain Home, Idaho 

*Christensen, Leslie J Private Bloomington, Idaho 

Corum, Charles E .Private Montpelier, Idaho 

*Cushman, Glenn C Private Nampa, Idaho 

♦Davidson, George Private Burley, Idaho 

Durbin, Clarence Private Denmore, Pa. 

Eddy, Mark I., Private Nampa, Idaho 

♦Fincher, Alfred E Private Fayette, Idaho 

**Fincher, Charles C Private Fayette, Idaho 

♦Frazier, George B Private Nampa, Idaho 

***GalIiher, Earl Private Malta, Idaho 

♦Gray, Albert J Private St. Charles, Idaho 

♦Griffin, William E Private Boise, Idaho 

♦Griswold, Frank A Private Burley, Idaho 

♦Hamburg. Glenn M Private Meridian, Idaho 

♦♦Herder, Roy A Private Mountain Home, Idaho 

♦Holmes, Jim W Private Paris, Idaho 

♦Huntley, John F Private Nampa, Idaho 

♦Hutchinson. Robert N Private Malta, Idaho 

♦Jones, LeRoy Private Montpelier, Idaho 

♦Jorgensen, Lawrence C. . ..Private Montpelier, Idaho 

♦Kimball, Perry K Private Cascade. Idaho 

Lance. Pierre J Private Nampa, Idaho 

Longfellow, Alba L Private Nampa, Idaho 

Maltman, George Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Metcalf. Charles, Jr Private Nampa, Idaho 

McClure, Donald J Private Cascade, Idaho 

♦McClure, Herman A Private Weiser, Idaho 



History of OGtii Fiki.d Autili.kry Buigadk 267 

♦Nelson. Lovern N Private Bloomington, Idaho 

♦Park, Clyde Private Nam pa, Idaho 

♦Potter, William A Private Mountain Home, Idaho 

Robb, William G Private Nampa, Idaho 

♦Rouse, Harold C Private Nampa, Idaho 

Schops. Paul A Private 

Scriven, Oscar A Private 

♦Shaffer, Dewey M Private Middleton, Idaho 

Shelton, Silas Private 

♦Shape, George S Private Montpelier, Idaho 

Speer. George P Private Nampa, Idaho 

♦Tannehill, George P .Private Boise, Idaho 

♦Thornock, Kenneth Private Bloomington, Idaho 

♦Walton, Jesse E Private Albion, Idaho 

♦Wilson, James H Private Nampa, Idaho 

Wood, Arthur A Private Cascade, Idaho 

♦Wright, Verne A Private Nampa, Idaho 

♦Bradley, Asher S Private Glenwood, Mich. 

♦DeConte, Henry Private Richmond, Cal. 

♦Dunne. Thomas M Private Oakland. Cal. 

♦Gridley, Lee Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

McLean. Robert N Private 

♦Neu. Reinhold F Private Richmond, Cal. 

♦Robins, Clarence J Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Stevens, Charles O Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Thomas. Ennis W Private Wallace. Idaho 

♦Ball, Leland Private Walworth, Wis. 

♦Best, Lloyd F Private Lake Geneva, Wis. 

♦Burke. Warren E Private Lansing. Mich. 

♦Carpenter, Byron F Private Stevens Point, Wis. 

♦Crouch, Earl J Private Chicago, 111. 

♦Durfee, Charles H Private East Troy. Wis. 

♦Griffith. Benjamin H Private Bannister, Mich. 

♦Hanson, Louis M Private Irma, Wis. 

♦Hiser, George B Private Leslie. Mich. 

♦ Jacobsen, Arthur H Private Green Bay, Wis. 

♦Patrenets, Edward Private Vesper. Wis. 

♦Paulson. Arthur W Private Chicago. 111. 

♦Juneau. Charles I Private Marquette. Mich. 

♦Rohde, Alvin Private Grand Rapids, Wis. 

♦Richards, .Toseph Private Grand Rapids, Mich. 

♦Schmitt, Henry L Private Milwaukee, Wis. 

♦Schmitt, Mathew G Private Merrill, Wis. 

♦Schrider, George Private Detroit, Mich. 

♦Smerz. Paul Private Milwaukee. Wis. 

♦Teachout. Ray Private Otisville, Mich. 

♦Thayer. Thomas E Private East Troy. Wis. 

♦Timmerman. Louis J Private Green Bay. Wis. 

*Ward. Martin J Private Glen Flora. Wis. 

♦Whitman. Leonard J Private Milwaukee. Wis. 

Verhei, Justin L Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Rochrig, Clarence Private Louisville, Ky. 

♦Day. Emmett E Private Rodman, Fla. 

♦DeLozier. Pete Private Louisville, Ky. 

♦Demeris, Meddie .Private Saginaw. Mich. 

♦Edwards. William T Private Louisville, Ky. 

♦Gardner. Thomas . .Private Hodgeville. Ky. 

♦GrifTin, John D Private Louisville, Ky. 

♦Griffin, Ray G Private Louisville, Ky. 

♦Hays, Samuel Private Webster. Ky. 

♦Hopper. Barney Private Galbott, Tenn. 



268 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

*Hornback, John J Private Louisville, Ky. 

*Hubei', Heran F Private Louisville, Ky. 

* Johnson, John Private Frankfort, Ky. 

*Lynch, Samuel G Private Athol, Kansas 

*Marcum, John H Private Louisville, Ky. 

*McLaughlin, Charles M. ...Private Louisville, Ky. 

*Nunn, Claude H. . . . , Private I^ouisville, Ky. 

*Nunn, Ebon E Private Bowling Green, Ky. 

*0'Nan, Boyd W Private Okolona, Ky. 

♦Robinson, Otis J Private Dale, Ind. 

*Spitsnagel, Frank Private Louisville, Ky. 

Bardnove, Louis Private 

Irish, Rollie G Private Syracuse, New York 

Wisniewsky, Joseph J Private 

Gannon, Howard T Private Utica, New York 

Larson, Gust Private Minneapolis, Minn. 



History of (Kirn Fikld Auiim-krv r>Hi(;ADE LM)9 

FIELD AND STAFF 

Second Battalion, 14(!th Field Artillery 

Wilkens, Clement Major Coeiir d'Alene, Idaho 

Battalion Commander 

*Patc'h, Leroy V .Lieutenant Colonel Payette, Idaho 

Battalion Commander 

***Pettit, William S Captain Chicago, 111. 

Battalion Commander 

See KegiiiU'iital Commanders ami Battery I) 

Cravens, William N Major Washington, D. C. 

Battalion Commander 

See 1st Battalion Staff, 148th F. A. 

*Duval, Claude H Major Nampa, Idaho 

Battalion Commander 
See Regimental and Brigade .\djutants 

Jeter, Fletcher A Captain Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Battalion Adjutant 

*Frink, George F First Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Battalion Adjutant 

***Lee, Walter C First Lieutenant Newberg, Ore. 

Battalion Adjutant 
See Headquarters Company and Battery I) 

*Middlebrook, Louis S First Lieutenant Hartford, Conn. 

Battalion Adjutant 

*Corn, John A First Lieutenant Amorett, Mo. 

Battalion Surgeon 

Battery "C". 

146th Field Artillery 

Mattbiensen, John P Captain Sandpoint, Idaho 

Commanding Battery 

Drain, Dale D Captain Spokane, Washington 

Commanding Battery 
See Battery F and 3rd Battalion Staff 

*Hird, Willard F Captain Roswell, New Mexico 

Commanding Battery 
See Battery A 

Potter, Horatio Captain, 4021 Washington St., St. Louis, 

Mo. 
Commanding Battery 

Miller, Ernest L First Lieutenant Sandpoint, Idaho 

Commanding Battery, On Duty With Battery 

*Campbell, William A First Lieutenant rHooper, Utah 

Reconnaissance Officer 

Middleton, Wilder H First Lieutenant Waverly, Ohio 

Executive Officer 
See Batteiy A and Supply Compan.v 

*Mahone, Francis D First Lieutenant Honolulu, Hawaii 

Reconnaissance Officer, Commanding Battery 
See Headquarters Company and 1st Battalion Staff 

McKenna, John J First Lieutenant, 7716 Eastlake Terrace, 

Chicago, 111. 
Commanding Battery 
See Battery F 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
**W^ounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident 



270 History of GOth Field Artillery Brigade 

Stewart, Donald I First Lieutenant Sandpoint, Idaho 

Battery Officer 
See Headquarters Company 

*Shea, Edmund B First Lieutenant Ashland, Wis. 

Executive Officer 

*Wade, G. Wailes First Lieutenant Sandpoint, Idaho 

Executive Officer, Commanding Battery 

Robins, Edward J Second Lieutenant. ..Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

On Duty With Battery 
See Headquarters Company and 1st Battalion Staff 

Foster, Reginald C Second Lieutenant Brookline, Mass. 

On Duty With Battery 

D'Ewart, Benjamin B. . . . Second Lieutenant Boston, Mass. 

On Duty With Battery 
See Battery E 

* Jones, Hugh M Second Lieutenant Ashland, Wis. 

On Duty With Battery 
See Supply Company and Headquarters Company — 1st Battalion Staff, 

Battery A. 

*Gafafer, William M Second Lieutenant, 889 Boulevard East, 

Weehawken, N. J. 
Executive Officer 

*Stadler, Harold W Second Lieutenant 

Battery Duty 
Battery A 
*Binswanger, Melvin E.... Second Lieutenant. . .St. Joseph, Missouri 

Battery Duty 

Markwick, John K Second Lieutenant. . . .Philadelphia, N. Y. 

Battery Duty 

ENLISTED MEN 

Battery "C," 146th Field Artillery 

♦Wrinkle, Percy S First Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Brackett, Walter W Supply Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Martin, Thomas Mess Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Kranz,' Irving F Sergeant Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

♦Williamson, Henry C Sergeant Nampa, Idaho 

*Simons, Grover H Sergeant Beaulieu, N. D. 

*Hallvik, Clarence V Sergeant Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*McClain, William R Sergeant Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

*Shaw, John S Sergeant Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

*Baker, Cleon P Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Knapp, William M Sergeant Hope, Idaho 

*Langworth, Claude L Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Modlish, Romen F Sergeant Pocatello, Idaho 

Morgan, John T Sergeant Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

**Racicot,' Ray V Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

Rogers,' Miles H Sergeant Weiser, Idaho 

VanCurler, Fred Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Critchell, Allen B Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Shutz, Homer S Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Kitterman, Wesley R Corporal Pocatello, Idaho 

♦Mitchell, David C Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Knightly, Harry Corporal Seymour, Conn. 

♦Seaman, Oscar H Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Rossman, John D Corporal Cocolalla, Idaho 

♦Hallvik, Roy M Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Little, Maurice J Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Eagen, John J Corporal Donnelly, Idaho 

♦Helmick, William F Corporal Wallace, Idaho 



History of OGtii Field Artillery Brigade 271 

*Dutton, Robert I Corporal St. Elmo, Tenn. 

*Davis, Bob L Corporal Mullan, Idaho 

*Crandall, Paul H Corporal Pocatello, Idaho 

*Smith, Vernon J Corporal Priest River, Idaho 

*Ott, John G Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Blackstone, Hoke S Corporal So. Boise, Idaho 

*Prior, George A Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Racicot, Loren C Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Lavoy, Ernest C Corporal Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

*Crane, Fred C Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Garrett, Earl E Corporal American Falls, Idaho 

McCarthy, Thomas F Corporal Brookline, Mass. 

*Hugo, William H Corporal Brooklyn. N. Y. 

*Belknap, Earl W Corporal Hayden Lake, Idaho 

**Burzych, Peter Corporal Paris. Idaho 

Conn, Clarence E Corporal Hope, Idaho 

♦♦Holland, Clarence F Corporal Priest River, Idaho 

Hallgren. Oscar A Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Lynch, Joseph H Corporal Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

♦VanCurler, Dewey Corporal Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Jones, Warren P Chief Mechanic Priest River, Idaho 

♦♦Badgley, John C Chief Mechanic Hope, Idaho 

♦♦Kier. Peter Chief Mechanic Pocatello, Idaho 

♦McPherson, Harlan Cook Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Rowles. Luther B Cook Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Vigue, Charles P Cook Arrowhead, B. C, Canada 

♦Dahlberg, Robert A Cook Westmond, Idaho 

Colburn, William W Cook Blanchard, Idaho 

♦McGonegle, Edwin J Cook Unknown 

Filson, Lee 0. . Mechanic Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Blackburn, Benjamin H. . .Mechanic Soda Springs, Idaho 

♦Jense, John P Mechanic Wellington, Colo. 

Douglass. Ralph Mechanic East Auburn, Me. 

♦Abadie, Valentine Mechanic Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Foster, Elmer G Saddler Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Allison, Rex J Wagoner Algoma. Idaho 

♦Bailey, Gaylord Wagoner Boise, Idaho 

♦Billigmeier. Otto Wagoner Lodi, Cal. 

♦Burtch, Alfred L Wagoner Genesee, Idaho 

♦Campbell, John C Wagoner Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Carr, Ola D Wagoner Orofino, Idaho 

♦Estelle, Verne C Wagoner Barber, Idaho 

♦Frenger. Willie F Wagoner Hope, Idaho 

♦Hutsell, Ernest B Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Jarvis, Stanley J Wagoner Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

♦Johnson, Joe Wagoner Wallace, Idaho 

♦Lyons, Harry C Wagoner Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦OIker, Merritt F Wagoner Oakland. Cal. 

♦Ridings, Earl A Wagoner Thurman. Idaho 

Schneider. Eli T Wagoner Boone. N. D. 

♦Snyder, David A Wagoner Genesee, Idaho 

♦Stone. William F Wagoner Hope, Idaho 

♦Tybo, ,Iohn A Wagoner Sandpoint. Idaho 

♦Vigue, Lloyd A Wagoner Westmond, Idaho 

♦Wilson. Jacob A Wagoner Lodi, Cal. 

♦♦Young, Frank J Wagoner Le Grande, Ore. 

Bronson, James A Wagoner XTnknown 

♦♦.lacobson, Arthur Wagoner Wolf Point. Montana 

♦♦Polley. William F Wagoner Sandpoint. Idaho 

♦♦Whidden. Carl V Wagoner Hope, Idaho 

Caron, Emile L Bugler Lawrence, Mass. 



272 History of O^th Field Artillery Brigade 

Kern, John C Bugler Sandpoint, Idaho 

Lowr'y, Ernest J Bugler Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Addington, Ernest E Private First Class Harrison, Idaho 

*Ames, Chester R Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Belknap, Elmer E Private First Class. . ..Hayden Lake, Idaho 

*Bradley, James M Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Buckner, Ot Private First Class Brazil, Ind. 

*Cabanaw, Carl J Private First Class South Bend, Ind. 

♦Cameron, Alfred J Private First Class Mayfield, Idaho 

*Chaffins, Vyron W Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Courtnay, Clarence C Private First Class Filer, Idaho 

*Dahlberg, Harry A Private First Class Westmond, Idaho 

*Davis, Archie F Private First Class Mullan, Idaho 

Donovan, John J Private First Class Brighton, Mass. 

*Elsasser, James T Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Frank, Herman Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Franklin, Harold L Private First Class Lansing, Mich. 

*Gordon, Albert O Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Green, Clyde E Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Hai-die, Earl J Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Hunt, Howard L Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

**Kent, Howard A Private First Class. .Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

*Kolbeck, Christian N Private First Class Ferndale, Cal. 

♦McDowell, Newton H Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦McDowell, George A Private First Class Lewiston, Idaho 

♦McGinnis, Carl Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Moldenha'uer, Lewis G. . . .Private First Class King Hill, Idaho 

♦Murphy, Donald D Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦♦Muschott, Leo O Private First Class Coleman, Mich. 

♦Neville, Edgar R Private First Class Pine, Idaho 

♦Nogle, Milan R Private First Class. . . .St. Andrews, Wash. 

♦O'Dale, Claude L Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Owens, Charles E Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Parsons, Clyde C Private First Class Duchesne, Utah 

♦Prentice, Fred R Private First Class Hillyard, Wash. 

♦Rainey, Charles P Private First Class Pocatello, Idaho 

♦Robinson, Walter Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦Rousseau, Felix Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Sawyer, Floyd E Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Schmoll, Alfred C Private First Class New Haven, Conn. 

♦Shull, Elmer B Private First Class Challis, Idaho 

♦Smith, Joe P Private First Class Oakland. Cal. 

♦Stone,' George Private First Class Hope, Idaho 

♦Tiffe, Arthur D Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Troy'er, James J Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Unger, John C Private First Class. ...Mount Hope, Wash. 

♦Vanderpool, Matt J Private First Class Weston, Ore. 

♦Weltzheimer, Lee R Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

♦West, Ira N Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Whalen, William R Private First Class Spokane. Wash. 

♦Abernathy, Frank M Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

Burns, Nathaniel F Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Castonguay, Mynard Private First Class St. Maries, Idaho 

Chaffins, Frank M Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Card, Harry C Private First Class . . .Garden Valley, Idaho 

DeLaGrange, Alphonsus. . .Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Fredericks, Clarence E. . . .Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦♦Harper, Charles A Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Helean, Maurice D Private First Class Boise, Idaho 

Hill, Alfred E Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Hunt, Cleveland Private First Class .... Mays Landing, N. J. 



History of fidTii Fikld Artii-i.ery Brkjadk 273 

James, Raymond F Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

**Johnson, Lon Private First Class Newdale, Idaho 

Jones, Robert Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Kallgren, Tony N Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Merrifield, Robert C Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Smith, Clyde E Private First Class. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Syler, Clarence E Private First Class Hope, Idaho 

* Jones, Raleigh A Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

*Neer, Frank Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Aha, William M Private Winfield, X. Y. 

Alt, Joseph A Private Cincinnati, Ohio 

♦Aulbach, Nate B Private Murray, Idaho 

♦Bailey, Charles L Private Oakley, Idaho 

*Bale, Frank H Private San Mateo, Cal. 

*Beem, Delbert Private Valparaiso, Ind. 

*Burk, Lester L Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Burt, Harvey C Private Sjiickard, Mo. 

Carl, Gerald T Private Turtle Creek, Pa. 

♦Carpenter, Joseph E Private Central, Utah 

*Cole, David M Private Yeoman, Ind. 

♦Coleman, Dorsey T Private Eastwood, Ky. 

♦Coons, Milo V Private Elmira, Idaho 

♦Corwin, Donald H Private Columbus. Ohio 

Day, John R Private Milton, Mass. 

♦Downie, George Private Lane, Idaho 

♦Davis, Kenneth E Private Evansville, Ind. 

♦Duchine. William A Private Everett, Wash. 

♦Emrick. Charles P Private Kendallville, Ind. 

♦Farnsworth, Hugh A Private Burley, Idaho 

♦Giachino, John Private Upton, Wyo. 

♦Gilmore. Orvil E Private Monticello, Ind. 

♦Gilmore, Albert Private Monticello, Ind, 

♦Godby, Lon B Private Pendleton, Ind. 

♦Golding, Claude E Private Indianapolis, Ind. 

♦Hale, Raymond V Private Montica, Cal. 

♦Harbert, Clarence O Private Ft. Morgan, Colo. 

♦Hardy, Henry T Private Louisville, Ky^ 

♦Hartridge, Julian Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦Hasbrouck, DeWitt Private Nampa, Idaho 

♦Huff, Bryan J Private Hope, Idaho 

♦Jensen, .Joseph B Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Johnson, Leo W Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Johnson, Earl D Private Meridian, Idaho 

♦Johnson, Roscoe Private Auburn, Ind. 

Kellum, Floyd D Private Veto! Ala. 

♦Kelsey. Clyde C Private Sheridan, Wyo! 

♦Kidd. Afton W Private Burley, Idaho 

♦Laird, Louis C Private Northford, Wash. 

Lemley, Richard F Private Piper, Ala. 

♦Leonard, Bruce C Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦Liddiard, Ray R Private Boise, Idaho 

♦Light, Roy B Private Atlanta, Cal. 

♦Lindzy, Arthur C Private N. Manchester, Ind. 

♦McCracken, Myron G Private Louisville, Ky 

♦Mclnaney. Donald J Private Pelican Rapids, Minn 

♦McMurray, Lyle W Private Oaklev, Idaho 

♦Marshall, Ira L Private Evansville, Ind 

♦Martinez, Fred ..Private Burneau, Idaho 

♦Mayo, Riley Private Tobe, Colorado 

♦Miller, Charles D Private Boise, Idaho 

♦Miner, Luther W Private Elliott Cal 



274 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

Mirto, Louis J Private Boston, Mass. 

*Mitton, Vance L Private Oakley, Idaho 

♦Nelson, Clifford C Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Nelson, Rodney O Private Burley, Idaho 

*0'Leary, Thomas J Private Chicago, 111. 

♦Oliver, Ora R Private Hartsville, Ind. 

*01son, Lonnie R Private Cocolalla, Idaho 

*Patchen, Leonard N Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Preston, Clyde Private West VanLear, Ky. 

♦Quarles, Thomas L Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Searf us, Roy E Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Settle, John R Private Louisville, Ky. 

♦Shepard, Frank L Private Dover, Idaho 

♦Shepard, Chester W Private Cheney, Wash. 

♦Sloate, George E Private Lewiston, Idaho 

♦Smith, Joseph B Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Smith, Ernest E Private Monticello, Ind. 

♦Soare, George E Private Hope, Idaho 

♦Standish, John S Private Brook, Ind. 

♦Staub, Albert J Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Stumpf, Rufus V Private Rockford, Wash. 

♦Taylor, Joseph N Private Provo, Utah 

Taylor, Harry E Private Rifle, Cal. 

♦Thompson, Frank J Private Astoria, N. Y. 

♦Timblin. Rex I Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Tybo, Victor E Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Watson, Lester E Private Post Falls, Idaho 

♦White, Harry W Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Whyte, Archibald B Private Richfield, Utah 

Windle, Fay Private Jerome, Idaho 

Wittkopf, John E Private Prosser, Wash. 

Wonderly, Charles F Private Roxbury, Mass. 

♦Young, Robert W Private Ralston, Wyo. 

Andrus, Edward M Private Plains, Mont. 

Bates, Arthur F Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Baugh, Roscoe R Private Unknown 

BilliDS, Clarence F Private Hope, Idaho 

Bradley, John M Private Boise, Idaho 

♦♦Bryant, William J Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Burnett. Chris Private Pocatello, Idaho 

♦♦Burde, Edis Private Covington, Ky. 

♦Caster, Marion J Private Worling, Wyo. 

Carruthers, Samuel C Private Crockett, Cal. 

Demers, Victor J Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦♦Bellinger, John F Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Forbes. Alfred D Private Rathdrum, Idaho 

Godfrey. Grant D Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Gossett, Floyd B Private Tacoma, Wash. 

♦Glascock, Emett L Private Fulton, Ky. 

Hickey, Paul S Private Melrose, Mass. 

♦Hosford, William E Private Portland, Oregon 

Johnson, Lewis C Private Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

Karis, Russell R Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦♦♦Martin, William D Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦McLennan, Clarence Private Colorado Springs, Colo. 

McDonald. John D Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Murphy. Dave P Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Murphy. Claude S Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Olker, Lawrence Private Oakland, Cal. 

♦Patchen. Thomas M Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Propst, Roy N Private Twin Falls, Idaho 



HlSTOKV OF 0()TH FlKI.It AUTILLKKY BRIGADE 275 

Sawley, Samuel D Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Shutz, Earl W Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Small, Sylvester J Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Solomons, Sollie S Private Savannah, Ga. 

Stitt, George Private Auburn, Ind. 

♦Sullivan, Walter S Private Grade, Idaho 

*Swearngin, Lee Private Unknown 

Thomas, Ennis W Private Wallace, Idaho 

Totten, Lloyd Private Pocatello, Idaho 

Tremblay, .loseph I Private Priest River, Idaho 

Urquhart, Lloyd Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Urquhart, Robert L Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Windsor, Harry C Private Boise, Idaho 

***Wisthoff, Charles W Private Acampo, Cal. 

Marks, .Joseph C Private Spokane, Wash. 



276 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

BATTERY "D" 

146th Field Artillery 

*Powell, Edwin T Captain Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Battery Commander 
See Headquarters Company 

Exline, James C Captain Walla Walla, Washington 

Battery Commander 
See Battery F 

***Pettit, William S Captain New York, N. Y. 

Battery Commander 
See 2nd Battalion Staff and Headquarters Company 

* Wells, Harry A Captain Walla Walla, Washington 

General Duty With Battery 
See Regimental Adjutants and Headquarters Company 

*Mengel, Joseph T First Lieutenant Louisville, Ky. 

Executive Officer 

*Frink, George F First Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Operations Officer — In Charge of Instrument Detail 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

*Fullerton, Dwight L First Lieutenant Cleveland, Ohio 

Motor Transportation and Mess Officer 

*Gleason, Walter B First Lieutenant Portland, Ore. 

Commander of Second Platoon 

**Hodge, Claude First Lieutenant. . . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

General Duty With Battery 
See Battery D 

*Lee, Walter C First Lieutenant Walla Walla, Wash. 

General Duty With Battery 
See Headquarters Company 

*Nethercot, Arthur H Second Lieutenant 111. 

Motor Transportation Officer 

Bailey, Abbott K Second Lieutenant Minneapolis, Minn. 

Billeting Officer — Paper Work and Mess Officer 

Wright, Otis L Second Lieutenant New Ross, Ind. 

Motor Transportation Officer 

*Barnett, Dolph Second Lieutenant. .North Yakima, Wash. 

Commanding Second Platoon 

♦Moore, John E Second Lieutenant Missouri 

Commanding Second Platoon 

ENLISTED MEN 
Battery "D," 146th Field Artillery 

*Piatt, James First Sergeant Sandpoint, Idaho 

*Hodge, Clyde C First Sergeant Couer d'Alene, Idaho 

Laird, Clarence W First Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

Soule, Harry W First Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Ogden, Fred A Supply Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

**Bigler, Frank R Mess Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Barker, Tom H Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

•Bentson, Raymond J Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Cornwell, Richard D Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Keiser, Verl D Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Michaels, Louis A Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Mclnroe, James D Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

**Nevin, Stanley M Sergeant Couer d'Alene, Idaho 



*Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds. Disease or Accident 



History of GOth Field Artillkry Brigade 277 

•Parker, Cleveland H Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

*Bowler, James R Sergeant Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Price, Sydney A Sergeant Lapwai, Idaho 

Arbogast, Ustus Sergeant New Bedford, Mass. 

Clerin, Drew Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Hamilton, Alexander Sergeant Oakland, Cal. 

Said, Harry B Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

**Striefling, Robert S Sergeant Detroit, Mich. 

Sturgis, James H Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

Taft, Laurin C Sergeant Waitsburg, Wash. 

♦♦Whitney, Bruce C Sergeant Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Post, Ezra Corporal Couer d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Chernis, Samuel L Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Kincheloe, Ray H Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Hoff, Henry R Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Foss, Amos N Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Norman, Kinloch Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦O'Neil, Hugh Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦♦Parker, Piatt H Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Reeves, Jack H Corporal Denver, Colo. 

♦Myers, Samuel J Corporal 

♦Freeburn, Bert Corporal Prescott, Wash. 

♦♦McAninch, Robt. G Corporal Waitsburg, Wash. 

♦McDonah, John W Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦♦Meador, Oterbein A Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Muttersbach, Edward R. . .Corporal Colusa, Calif. 

♦Yackley, Henry V Corporal Waitsburg, Wash. 

♦Witt, Walter W Corporal Oakland, Cal. 

♦Fortier, William J Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦♦Prasch, Chris P Corporal Lexington, Neb. 

Courturier, Louis S Corporal Cedartown, Maine 

Saltzgaver, Floyd D Corporal Bonaparte, Iowa 

Sutcliffe, Wm. J Corporal Fall River, Mass. 

♦Clisby, George B Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

Desmond, William J Corporal Boston, Mass. 

♦♦♦Fouste, John M Corporal Lowden, Wash. 

Neill, Albert E Corporal Chicago, 111. 

Streepy, John B Corporal Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Strieker, Clyde T Corporal •. . .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Williams, Guy E Corporal Idaho 

♦Leid, Robert M Chief Mechanic Waitsburg, Wash. 

♦Bergstrom, John Cook Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Eddy, Edward N Cook Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Peck, Homer D Cook Lansing, Mich. 

♦Kelly, John E Cook Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Knott. Loren C Saddler Brooklyn, N. Y. 

♦Staley. Edward Saddler Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Johnston, George Mechanic San Francisco, Cal. 

♦Smith, Ed Mechanic Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Wierk, Otto H Mechanic Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Petersen, Herbert M Mechanic Oakland, Cal. 

♦Jollief, Thomas J Mechanic Oregon 

♦Blair, Bonnie W Wagoner Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Boon, Wallace M Wagoner Prescott, Wash. 

♦♦Fries, Adam Wagoner Walla Walla, W^ash. 

♦Haas, Claud Wagoner Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Hays, Homer H . Wagoner Prescott, Wash. 

♦Kelly, John W Wagoner Princeton, Mo. 

♦Lewis, Clarence Wagoner Dixie, Wash. 

♦Lusk, Charles A Wagoner Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦McCracken, John S Wagoner Walla Walla, W^ash. 

♦♦Mclntyre, Verner F Wagoner Montua, Cal. 



2TS History of (idrii I*"!!.!,!! Aitrii.i.Kuv I'ijkjadk 

*Munn, Oscar F Wagoner Walla Walla, Wash. 

*0"Neil, James M Wagoner Prescott, Wash. 

*Peterson, Russell D Wagoner Waitsburg, Wash. 

♦Rodgers, Walter R Wagoner Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Sample, Leonard A Wagoner Milton, Ore. 

*Scott. Orville Wagoner Dayton, Wash. 

♦Shields, John A Wagoner Oakland, Cal. 

♦Vibbert, Richard J Wagoner College Place, Wash. 

♦McComb, Henry M Wagoner Spokane, Wash. 

Spiedel. Julius Wagoner New York, N. Y. 

♦Silva, Frank B Wagoner Gustine, Cal. 

♦Taylor, Charles H Wagoner Athena, Ore. 

♦Thorington. Wilbur Wagoner College Place, Wash. 

♦Miller, George H Buglei' Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Hodge, Stephen L Bugler Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Ponsett, Edward Bugler 

♦Adams, Fred N Private First Class Prescott, Wash. 

♦Arnold, Brown E Private First Class. . . .Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Bargar, Ray Private First Class. . . . Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Barnes, Henry T Private First Class Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Bowersox, Joe W Private First Class Cornvallis, Ore. 

♦Brown, Charles C Private First Class Soquel, Cal. 

♦Carr, George T Private First Class. . . .Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Carr, Ivan W Private First Class Pendleton, Wash. 

Chorlton, Percy A Private First Class. .North Andover, Mass. 

♦Clark, Charles C Private First Class Mabton. Wash. 

♦Clark, Leland F Private First Class Santa Cruz. Cal. 

♦Coombs, Clarence M Private First Class Prescott, Wash. 

♦Doak, Frank E Private First Class ¥/allula, Wash. 

♦Ely, John G Private First Class Oakland, Cal. 

♦Evans, Elmer H Private First Class Touchet, Wash. 

Fall, Freddie Private First Class 

♦Geyer, Rutherford H Private First Class Prescott, Wash. 

♦Gingerich, Kenneth R Private First Class Walla Walla, Wash. 

Haley. George V Private First Class Eugene, Ore. 

♦Hall, Clarence Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Hanson, Preston Private First Class Touchet, Wash. 

♦Hatch, Stanley P Private First Class Bordman, Ore. 

♦Hays, Oscar W Private F'irst Class Prescott, Ore. 

♦Hodge, Edward L Private First Class Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Jennings, Fred M Private First Class Dayton, Wash. 

Kary, Robert B Private First Class. . . . Lake Preston, S. D. 

♦Kriesle, Wm. F Private First Class AVellington. Colo. 

♦Loyles, Elmer E Private First Class. . . . Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Lucento, Paul Private First Class .... Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Martin, Thomas F Private First Class Oswego, Wash. 

♦Mathis. Clay Private First Class 

♦♦Maysounave, Jean P Private First Class Antioch, Cal. 

♦Morgan, Walter L Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦Nelson, Peter C Private First Class Touchet, Wash. 

♦Richardson, Wilbur W. . . . Private First Class. . . Walla Walla, Wash. 
♦Rittmann, Henry F Private First Class Oakland, Cal. 

Shaw, Sterling S Private First Class Kidder, Mo. 

♦Speights, Charles H Private First Class. . . .Montgomery, Ala. 

♦Spence, Almon I Private First Class Everett, Wash. 

♦Tompkins, Guss A Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Wash. 

♦Tucker, George B Private First Class. . . .Huntington, W. Va. 

♦Twitchell, Rollin Private First Class Utah 

♦Vlasak, Amile J Private First Class Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Von Dissen, Frank L Private First Class Tracy, Cal. 

♦Dunlap, Oliver C Private First Class Dayton, Wash. 



HiSTOItV OF (Jd'lll P"!!:!.!) A K 11 1.I.KUV P»RI(;A1iK 270 

Fitzpatrick, Byron Private Fiist Class 

***Hoff, Conrad Private First Class Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Hughes, Floyd A Private First Class Walla Walla, Wash. 

**.Ianifcs. Raymond F Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Wash. 

**Marsh, William U Private First Class Oakland, Cal. 

*Newton, Eljin J Private First Class. . .Salt Lake City, Utah 

***Pittinger, William F Private First Class Wyo. 

*Poscif, Andrew Private F'irst Class Austria 

♦Roberts, Samuel P Private First Class Oakland, Cal. 

♦Rood, Arthur d Private First Class Oakland, Cal. 

♦Wiseman. Charles (J Private Fiist Class. . . .Walla Walla. Wash. 

Barke. Walter .1 Private Minot, N. D. 

Billips. Clyde Private Proctorville, Ohio 

♦Blodgett, Ruf us M Private Blodgett, Ore. 

♦Cahan, Verne C Private Mica, Wash. 

♦Cantoni, Sam Private Castle Gate, Utah 

♦Carroll, Edgar Private Dresdon, Kansas 

♦Cary, Bruce L Private Columbus, Ga. 

♦Chittum, Glenn A Private Redky, Ind. 

♦Conger, Earl P Private Ault, Colo. 

♦Creque. Fred O Private Oakland, Cal. 

Crowley, Daniel .T Private Lewiston. Me. 

♦Dallas, Harry C Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Dykes. Harry H Private Grand Ridge. Fla. 

♦Edmonds. Allen C Private Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Evans, Rubin C Private Arnegard. X. D. 

♦Gregoire, .lean A Private Antelope, Ore. 

♦Hesser, Fred Private Lowden, Wash. 

♦♦Hobbs, Harlan H Private Ashland, Ala. 

♦Hostetter, Ralph A Private Sacramento, Cal. 

Hov.'ard, Robert O Private Stroud. Okla. 

** Howell. Leslie R Private Freewater, Ore. 

♦Hunter. Xoah P Private Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Hurst. .Tohn H Private Iron City. Ga. 

Kalenowsky. Joseph Private Hyde Park. Mass. 

♦King. Benj. F. H Private Ossian. Ind. 

.lensen. Ferdinand Private Callis, Minn. 

♦Lane. Charles Private Lowden, Wash. 

Lane, .Joseph A Private Quincy. Mass. 

Lavinder. Oscar C Private Schoolfield. Virginia 

♦Lewis, Dixie Private Graceville. F'lorida 

♦Lewis. Orlando M Private Dixie. Wash. 

♦McMahon, Ross L Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Marhoffer, Harry Private Astoria, L. I., N. Y. 

♦Meyer, .Jean L Private Ritzville, Wash. 

Mikita, Paul Private Chicago, III. 

♦♦Miller. Tom Private Eureka. Wash. 

♦Mills. Aaron G Private Petrolia, Kansas. 

Monson, .John Private Boston, Mass. 

Murray. Richard B Private Peabody. Mass. 

♦Nagos. Mike Private Jvodi. Cal. 

♦Olds, Frank Private Knipp, Wash. 

O'Leary, Arthur Private Cambridge, Mass. 

Osl)Ourne. Edward L Private South Boston, Va. 

♦Paige. Owen S Private Bessemer. Ala. 

Remillard. Henry W Private Spencer, Mass. 

♦Renfio. William A. ..... . .Private Chicota. Texas 

♦Ricci. Umberto Private Oakland. Cal. 

Richards, Clinton E Private Seneca, S. D. 

♦Roggenbach. Edward Private Wisner, Neb. 

♦Scriven, William H Private Abilene, Kansas 



280 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

*Segraves, Lee A Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Sharp, James F Private South Boston, Va. 

♦Shepherd, Owen K Private Birmingham, Ala. 

♦Smith, James C Private Eureka, Wash. 

*Spear, Homer Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

*Speierman, Royal P Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

*Sprague, Lee A Private Valley Ford, Wash. 

**Streblow, David W Private Riceville, Iowa 

Tatom, John Private Emmett, Ark. 

♦Thompson, Dallas J Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

*Thorington, Geo. E Private College Place, Wash. 

♦♦Tiller, Ermal A Private Cottage Grove, Ore. 

♦Timm, George J Private Prosser, Wash. 

♦♦Wale, James Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Ward, Francis A Private New York City 

♦Wells, Andrew J Private Bonifay, Florida 

♦Wilson, Clyde J Private Midvale, Idaho 

♦Adams, Ura L Private Prescott, Wash. 

♦♦♦Austin, Santo J Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Bailey, Frank E Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Benson, Theodore K Private 

Blize, James O Private 

♦Bodaf ord, George E Private Pooler, Ga. 

♦Boling, Lloyd I Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Bowman, Alvin A Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Buschino, Benj. P Private 

♦Carpenter, Rufus I Private 

♦Clark, Spencer C Private Idaho 

♦Coleman, Elbert W Private Pickensville, Ala. 

♦Crawford, Carl J Private Rocky Ford, Ga. 

Drew, Basil W Private 

♦Dunlap, Oliver C Private Dayton, Wash. 

♦Elliott, Robert T Private Nebraska 

♦England, Harry T Private Nebraska 

♦Farber, Orlo B Private Portland, Ind. 

♦♦♦Fouste, Charles R Private Lowden, Wash. 

♦Fullbright, Elmer E Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Glasser, Edward Private Chicago, 111. 

♦Hartman, Alvin Private 

Hawkes, Leslie V Private 

Hayes, Horace W Private 

♦Hicks, Carl J Private .Oklahoma 

Hooper, Chester Private 

Hutsell, George E Private Idaho 

La Marche, Hector C Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Larson, Gus Private New York City 

Leet, Allen W Private Idaho 

♦Lewis, Benj. F Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦Long, Orval H Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

Low, Darrel W Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Lowry, James M Private Idaho 

♦Manning, Max Private Idaho 

Maynard, Harley L Private 

♦Miller, Aubert Private Spokane, Wash. 

Miller, Rolf Private 

Moore, Robert S Private 

♦Neel, Harley J Private Yakima, Wash. 

♦Neilson, Oscar W Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Orth, Marcus O Private Yakima, Wash. 

♦Patchen, Reginald Private Idaho 

Paul, Alfred Private Walla Walla, Wash. 



HlST(>RY (»F (JCtTH FlKLD ARTILLERY RrKJADE 281 

Pender, James M Private Idaho 

♦Perkins, Arthur Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Perrin, Joseph L Private Yakima, Wash. 

♦Petersen, Lorean A Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Petersen, Melvin Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Proffer, Dewey F Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Pulieo, Pietro Private Boston, Mass. 

♦Rains, Jack H Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Randall, Aerden Private California 

♦Reed, Roy R Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦♦♦Rowe, Anthony W Private Dayton, Wash. 

Ruffner, Julius M Private Charleston, West Va. 

Sanderson, Oscar Private 

Sams, Chester A Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Sandstedt. Clarence E Private Paxco, Wash. 

Shaw, Ralph A Private. 

Short, Glenn A Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Slaton, Hawthorne N Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦♦Small, Sylvester Private Coeur d'Alene, Wash. 

Smith, Donald A Private Prescott, Wash. 

♦♦♦Sorensen, Anton B Private Yakima, Wash. 

♦Spencer, Gladwyn Private Bowl's Junction, Wash. 

Stanley, Alvin W Private 

♦♦Starling, Charles H Private Florida 

Stone, Samuel H Private Boston, Mass. 

Taft, Seth B Private Idaho 

Theraux, George Private 

Thompson, Jon C Private Fall River, Mass. 

Timm, Hans H Private Prosser, Wash. 

Tracy, Frank J Private 

♦Villaron, Pedro Private Stockton, Cal. 

Watts, Vilas E Private Idaho 

♦Windbigler, Thomas C. . . .Private Indiana 

♦Wren, Joseph A Private St. Louis, Mo. 

♦Zipperer, Talmage Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦♦♦Pitts, John H Private 

♦♦♦Rood, Arthur G Private Oakland, Cal. 



282 HisTouv UK GOtii Field Artilleuy J>ki(;ai)i.: 



FIELD AND STAFF. 
3rd Battalion, 146th Field Artillery 

*Weyrauch, Paul H Lieutenant Colonel. .Walla Walla, Wash. 

Battalion Commander. 

*Drain, Dale I) Major Spokane, Wash. 

Battalion Commander. 
See Batteries C and F 

*Prell, Edward H Captain Spokane, Wash. 

Battalion Adjutant. 

* Jeffrey, Frank R Captain Kennewick, Wash 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Regimental Adjutants 

* Williams, Frank R Captain Austin, Texas. 

Battalion Adjutant. 

*Fultz, Harry T First Lieutenant Salem, Ind 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Batteries E and F 

Fullerton, Dwight L First Lieutenant Cleveland, Ohio. 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Battery D 

*Sturgis, James H First Lieutenant ... .Walla Walla, Wash. 

Battalion Telephone Officer. 
See Headquarters Companj' 

*Boyd, Richard M First Lieutenant Aberdeen, Miss. 

Battalion Surgeon. 
See Medical Detachment 

BATTERY "E" 
146TH FIELD ARTILLERY. 

* Weil, Fred M Captain White Bluffs. Wash. 

Commanding Officer. 
See Headquaiters Coinpan.\- 

Jeffrey, Frank R Captain Kennewick. Wash. 

Platoon Leader. 
See Headquarters Compan.x- 

Porter, James W Captain Twin Falls, Idaho 

Executive Officer. 

*Hart, Scott P Captain Mondak, Mont. 

Orienteur Officer. 

^Barclay, James P Captain Spokane, Wash. 

Commanding Officer. 

*Tuesley, Walter H First Lieutenant Seattle, Wash. 

Executive Officer. 

Halligan, Bert L First Lieutenant Davenport, Iowa 

Platoon Leader. 

Webster, Elbert M First Lieutenant Hudson, Wis. 

Platoon Leader. 

*Laird, William A.. First Lieutenant Marysville, Cal. 

Platoon Leader. 

♦Kennedy, Frank First Lieutenant San Francisco, Cal. 

Platoon Leader. 

*Mahone, Francis D First Lieutenant Honolulu, H. I. 

Platoon Leader. 



*Note: Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



History of (UVni Field Artili.kijy Brkjadk 283 

*Harrison, Franlc Second Lieutenant ... Benton City, Wash. 

Executive Otficer. 

Hanley, Leo J Second Lieutenant Butte, Mont. 

Platoon Leader. 

D'Ewart, Benjamin Second Lieutenant Boston, Mass. 

Platoon Leader. 
See Battery C 
Kennedy, Fredericlv J.... Second Lieutenant 
Platoon Leader. 

* Jackson, .lames .J Second Lieutenant Birmingham, Ala. 

Platoon Leader. 

Fultz, Harry T Second Lieutenant Salem, Ind. 

Orienteur Officer. 
See Battery F 

♦Decker, Richard E Second Lieutenant Milford. Mich. 

Platoon Leader. 
See Battery K 

♦Springer, Frederic E Second Lieutenant ... .Edwardsville, 111. 

Platoon Leader. 

..♦Eastman, Paul W Second Lieutenant ... .Kansas City, Mo. 

Platoon Leader. 

*Buckner, Edward R Second Lieutenant 

Thompson Station, Tenn. 

Platoon Leader. 

*Beck, Alexander Second Lieutenant Summit, N. J. 

Platoon Leader. 
See Battery F 

Lavitt, Samuel Second Lieutenant. . . .New Haven, Conn. 

Assigned for Duty. 
See Supply Company 

*McLeich, Archibald Second Lieutenant New York City. 

Assigned for Duty. 

Preston, Glenn A Second Lieutenant Howe, Ind. 

Air Observer. 
See Battery B 

Rasmussen, Harold E Second Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Radio Officer. 

Runds, Arvin D Second Lieutenant. .. .Twin Falls, Idaho 

Assigned for Duty. 

*Schirm, Ralph F Second Lieutenant New York City 

Radio OflScer. 

Soule, Harry W Second Lieutenant .. .Walla Walla, Wash. 

Assigned for Duty. 

*Thorp, John G Second Lieutenant. .. .Twin Falls, Idaho 

Band Leader. 

♦Walker, Willard F Second Lieutenant New York City 

Operator Officer. 
See Battery A 

♦Witthack, Harry F Second Lieutenant 

Assigned for Duty. 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Battery "E", 16th Field Artillery. 

Berg, Fred G Sergeant 

Bishop, Frank B Sergeant 

♦Bernard, Melvin T Sergeant Frosser, Wash. 

Forsyth, Arthur T Sergeant 



284 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



*Hirsh, Frederick J Sergean 

Huston, Joseph E Sergean 

Ingle, Robert J Sergean 

*Jensen, Lyle Sergean 

* Jones, Otto Sergean 

*Lake, Huron R Sergean 

*Logan, Harry C Sergean 

*Ludclemann, Guido H.... Sergean 
♦McLaughlin, William A.. Sergean 

Mann, Paul C Sergean 

Mason, Frank B Sergean 

, *Meister, William A Sergean 

*Pettit, Roy G Sergean 

*Romans, Albert J Sergean 

*Samson, Donald M Sergean 

. . *Sells, James E Sergean 

*Sherrod, Heisler H Sergean 

♦Shepherd, James Sergean 

*Snider, Ralph E Sergean 

Sorenson, Arthur N Sergean 

*Tyacke, William I Sergean 

Arey, Forrest L Corpora 

*Buoy, Mark L Corpora 

*Beck, Carl G Corpora 

***Burke, Iver Corpora 

*Brown, Emmet L Corpora 

Broyles, Samuel A Corpora 

♦Christian, Lorraine C... Corpora 

♦Cotton, Alfred J Corpora 

♦Crooks, Oral K Corpora 

♦Dawson, Milton V Corpora 

♦Gates, Carlos T Corpora: 

Harris, Joe Corpora 

♦Haynes, Walter S Corpora 

♦Hendricks, John N Corpora 

Howard, Karl E. M Corpora 

Hopp, William A Corpora 

♦Klassen, David C Corpora 

Lape, Loren B Corpora 

Layman, William A Corpora 

♦Lucas, David H Corpora 

♦McLain, Calvin W Corpora 

♦McDaniel, Thomas O Corpora! 

Mann, Edwin H Corpora 

*Morrison, Wendell W.... Corpora 

Peiffer, Jasper N Corpora 

♦Peters, Earle L Corpora 

♦Rayl, George A Corpora 

♦♦Rudert, Tony A Corpora 

♦Scott, Sumner H Corpora 

♦Shinn, Clarence E Corpora 

♦Shinall, Herschel Corpora 

♦Smith, Charles V Corpora 

♦Towers, Joseph A Corpora 

♦Wesselius, Louis Corpora 

♦Williams, George H Corpora 

♦Catlow, Wilbur W Cook . . . 

♦Grady. Howard J Cook... 

♦Holmes. Charles Coolv. . . 

McCracken, Fred V Cook 

♦Ward, George G Cook. . . 

♦Bennett, Frank L Mechani 



. North Yakima, Wash. 

Lone Pine, Mont. 

Biltmore, S. C. 

...Junction City, Ore. 



Zillah, Wash. 

....Charleston, Wash. 

Portland, Ore. 

.North Yakima, Wash. 



Toppenish, Wash. 

, . .White Bluffs, Wash. 
.North Yakima, Wash. 

..White Bluffs, Wash. 

Seattle, Wash. 

..White Bluffs, Wash. 
. . .Walla Walla, Wash. 
Toppenish, Wash. 



. .Boston, Mass. 
Prescott, Wash. 



.Oakland, Cal. 
. .Timbo, Ark. 



. . .Prosser, Wash. 
. Sunnyside, Wash. 



. Prosser, Wash. 

. .Portland, Ore. 
Sadi, Cal. 



.Sunnyside, Wash. 



Zillah, Wash. 

. Kennewick, Wash. 

Zillah, Wash. 



.North Yakima, Wash. 

Granger, Wash. 

Prosser, Wash. 

.North Yakima, Wash. 
....Kennewick, Wash. 
. .Walla Walla, Wash. 
Prosser, Wash. 



.Granger, Wash. 

.Salt Lake, Utah 
. . .Portland, Ore. 
.Sacramento, Cal. 
.Patterson, Wash. 



Kennewick, Wash. 

c Prosser, Wash. 



History of GOth Fiiold Artii.t.kry Rrigadk 285 

♦Dunning. Ray E Mechanic Hamilton City, Cal. 

*Hnbler, Howard L Mechanic Thermopolis, Wyo. 

*McCool, Winfred F Mechanic Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Nelson, James L Mechanic Cheyenne, Wyo. 

*Soran, William M Mechanic Oakland. Cal. 

*Reis, Tony. . . ., Saddler Portland, Ore. 

Bailey. Andrew Wagoner Yankton. So. Dak. 

*Catherman,William O. . . .Wagoner Pendleton, Ore. 

*Clark. Curry C Wagoner Seattle. Wash. 

*Emert, Ora C Wagoner Pullman, Wash. 

*Gittings, Francis P Wagoner San Mateo, Cal. 

♦Kennedy, Alexander Wagoner San Fnmcisco, Cal. 

♦Lamp, Fred M Wagoner Dixie. Wash. 

♦T^andis, Adelbert A Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

***Lawlor, Reuben Wagoner Oakland, Cal. 

♦Lyhne, Peter L Wagoner Martinez, Cal. 

♦Navarre. George D Wagoner Prosser, Cal. 

♦♦Offerdal, Henry J Wagoner 

♦Rettig, Glenn F Wagoner Porterville, Cal. 

♦Rolph, Glenn A Wagoner Prosser, Wash. 

♦Scholz, Joseph H Wagoner Hassan, Wash. 

♦Sonderman, Charley A. . .Wagoner Kennewick, Wash. 

♦Smith. Lloyd S Wagoner North Yakima, Wash. 

♦Svendsen, Alec Wagoner Selah, Wash. 

♦Triesch, Joseph P Wagoner Benton City, Wash. 

♦Vanskike, William R. . . .Wagoner Prosser, Wash. 

♦White, James G Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

Wrye, Harry E Wagoner Boston, Mass. 

♦Ewers, Ralph E Bugler Angola, Ind. 

♦Ludwick, Edward H Bugler Walhalla, Mich. 

♦♦Mills, Paul A Bugler Sunnyside, Wash. 

♦Mock, Denzil C Bugler Slater, Wash. 

♦Abbott, Earl H Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Burke, Paul H Private First Class 

♦Benoit, George R Private First Class San Mateo. Cal. 

Brown, Oscar Private First Class Moline, 111. 

♦Brooks, Marbon M Private First Class Ilo. Idaho 

♦Bogstad, Ingwald J Private First Class. .. .Grandview. Wash. 

♦♦♦Busey, Harrison I Private First Class. North Yakima, Wash. 

Bunnell, John D Private First Class 

♦Burgess, Clarence E Private First Class Dixie, Wash. 

Caldwell, George W Private First Class 

Christensen, Andrs Private First Class 

♦Collins, James B Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

Cook, Charles C Private First Class 

Crews, Carl M Private First Class.. Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Dallas, Archie I Private First Class Zillah, Wash. 

♦Danford, Frank M Private First Class 

♦Dixon. Robert S Private First Class Pullman, Wash. 

♦Dorrance, Frank W Private First Class Lodden, Wash. 

♦Erlckson, Arthur A Private First Class. .. .Kennewick, Wash. 

Fallins, Chester H Private First Class Eagle Lake, Fla. 

Ferguson, Vance H Private First Class 

♦Fullerton, Carl G Private First Class Prosser. Wash. 

♦Gibson. Charles F Private First Class. .Benton City, Wash. 

♦Haskell, Glenn D Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Harper, David H. Jr Private First Class 

Hatch, Stanley P ..Private First Class 

♦Hogue, Alfred A Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Irons, Ira B Private First Class 

♦Irwin, William C Private First Class. North Y'akima. Wash. 

Kelso, Robert E Private First Class Spokane. Wash 



286 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



Layman, Adam P Pr 

**Lucas, Alexauder Pr 

Lunn, Oscar Pr 

♦McCracken, Paul Pr 

♦McEvers, Winfield F Pr 

*Mannlx, Joseph V Pr 

*Matthews, William W Pr 

♦Miller, Olace W Pr 

Mills, Charles L Pr 

*Patton, James C Pr 

**Patterson, John W Pr 

*Perry, Joseph F Pr 

*Ramage, Claude C Pr 

*Stanton, Will C Pr 

♦Sullivan, James N Pr 

♦Taylor, Robert Pr 

Terranova, Jacques Pr 

*Tj'rich, Alfred J Pr 

♦Vanderslice, John I Pr 

♦Verducci, Jack Pr 

♦♦Waters, Merlan E Pr 

♦Winslow, William H. Jr. . .Pr 

♦Albert, Louis Pr 

♦AJbertsen, Lavrits Pr 

♦Becker, Arthur E Pr 

♦Benedict, Alvm B Pr 

Beinhart, Orin Pr 

Bennett, Earl W Pr 

♦Bowers, Charles E Pr 

Branch, Stephen F Pr 

Brown, Vernon M Pr 

♦Brignoles, Louis Pr 

Briton, James W Pr 

***Broikovich, Ivan Pr 

♦Bradford, Chester A Pr 

♦Burgess, Frank B Pr 

♦Burgess, Joseph P Pr 

Caldwell, Edwin L Pr 

♦Caldwell, Peter K Pr 

♦Carmen, Alvin Pr 

Carr, Giles A Pr 

♦Caringello, Trifone Pr 

♦Childers, Alonzo S Pr 

♦♦♦Carlson, Benjamin R Pr 

•Clements, Edward F Pr 

♦Cline, Ories F Pr 

♦Cole, John R Pr 

♦Coleman, Harry J Pr 

Collins, Samuel L Pr 

♦♦♦Cottrell, David C Pr 

♦Compton, Arden A Pr 

♦Comstock, Louie Pr 

♦Connor, Daniel W Pr 

♦Coscio, Rockketto Pr 

♦Davis, Arthur E Pr 

♦Davis, Raymond Pr 

♦Day, Cecil O Pr 

♦Dixon, Amos Pr 

♦♦Dunn, Walter E Pr 

Dunnington, Elzie R Pr 

Eckfield, George D. . . 
♦Eppersen, Glide Pr 



vate First Class 

vate First Class Lander, Wyo. 

vate First Class. North Yakima. Wash, 
vate First Class.. Walla Walla, Wash. 

vate First Class Portland, Ore. 

vate First Class.. Walla Walla, Wash. 

vate First Class Prosser, Wash. 

vate First Class.. Walla Walla, Wash. 

vate First Class Sunnyside, Wash. 

vate First Class Alva, Wyo. 

vate First Class Abilene, Texas 

vate First Class Danville, Cal. 

vate First Class.. Walla Walla, Wash, 
vate First Class 

vate First Class.. Denver, Colo. 

vate First Class Denver, Colo. 

vate First Class Austin, Mass. 

vate First Class Prosser, Wash. 

vate First Class Denver, Colo. 

vate First Class Crockett, Cal. 

vate First Class Lovell, Wyo. 

vate First Class Chicago, 111. 

vate Pendleton, Ore. 

vate Touchet, Wash. 

vate 

vate Pendleton, Ore. 

vate 
vate 

vate Pendleton, Ore. 

vate 
vate 

vate Oakland, Cal 

vate 

vate North Yakima, Wash. 

vate Prosser, Wash. 

vate Dixie, Wash. 

vate Dixie, Wash. 

vate 

vate Narrows, Ore. 

vate Kennewick, Wash. 

vate 

vate Spokane, Wash. 

vate Wiley City, Wash. 

vate Pendleton, Ore. 

vate Shoshone. Idaho 

vate Indianapolis, Ind. 

vate Eversville, Ind. 

vate White Bluffs, Wash. 

vate 

vate Stockton, Cal. 

vate Pendleton, Ore. 

vate Freewater. Ore. 

vate North Yakima, Wash. 

vate Oakland, Cal. 

vate Filer, Idaho 

vate Prosser, Wash. 

vate Pendleton, Ore. 

vate Valley Junction, Iowa 

vate Crockett, Cal. 

vate 



Private 



vate Roger, Texas 



History or (iCrni Fii:i.n Artillery Brigadk 287 

♦Engler, Jack H Private 

*Erickson, Eagle N Private Kennewick, Wash. 

Erickson, Lawrence A Private Kennewick, Wash. 

*Evans, Delbert R Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Faubion, John F Private Zillah, Wash. 

♦Ferguson, Elmer Private Kennewick, Wash. 

Feely, Archie M Private 

Feely, Charles R Private 

Franklin, HoUis P Private 

French, Arthur D Private 

**Gourdeau, Emile C Private Portland, Ore. 

Grossman, Glenn D Private Conway, Mich. 

Groseclose, Blaine Private 

Grove, Charley M Private 

♦Hadley, Samuel B Private Kennewick, Wash 

*Harem, John G Private 

Hayes, Othel B Private 

Hendrick, Ward Private 

*Hokey, John U Private Connersville, Ind. 

*Holman, William Private Zillah, Wash. 

*Hosford, William K Private 

*Hitson, Sylvester C Private 

Hinson, Silas G Private 

Hurst, John R Private 

Hunter, Alonzo E Private 

*Ivey, Ralph S Private Portland, Ore. 

Jameson, S^-Vlney Private 

♦Jenkins. Charles E Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Johnson, Andrew J Private Pleasant Grove, Utah 

♦Johnson, Earl O Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Jones, Saunders J Private Prosser, Wash. 

Kaubin, Norman Private Carnigie, Okla. 

Kirby, James L Private 

♦Koch, Samuel L Private 

♦Knight, Lawrence Private Mitchell, Ind. 

♦Larsen, Severin D Private Hunter, Utah 

Laybourne. William W... Private 

Lichty, Frank P Private 

♦Long, J. Thayer Private Orting, Wash. 

Low, Archie E Private 

♦Lund, Martin E Private Akeley, Minn. 

♦McAnaw, John H Private Elk Grove, Cal. 

♦Mabie, Ralph Private Flint, Ind. 

♦Mann. Jesse L Private Corsicana, Texas 

Marshall, William Private St. Louis, Mo. 

♦Maurer, John J Private 

♦Menefee, Cecil N Private 

Miller, Charles E Private Clarksville- Johnson, Ark. 

Miller, Gerald W Private 

♦Mix, Everet L Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Miles, Harvey D Private Zillah. Wash. 

♦Moore, Sterling J Private 

Moss, Alva Private 

♦Muir, William Private Oakland, Cal. 

Myers, Donald E Private 

♦Newton. Paul Private 

♦Nold, Harold H . Private Oakland, Cal. 

♦Nugent, Paul Private Mansfield, Wash. 

♦O'Kelley, Howard L Private Pullman, Wash. 

♦Olmstead, Loren K Private Salt Lake, Utah 

♦Olson, Victor Private Pennock, Minn. 



288 History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 

*Owens, Arbie E Private Magley, Ind. 

Parker, Harry R Private Oakland, Cal. 

*Parker, Perry Private North Yakima, Wash. 

***Paszkiet, Stanley Private Polishtown, Ind. 

Paxton, Carl S Private 

Pedersen, Ingerman Private 

*Penland, Everett M Private Prosser, Wash. 

*Pickard, Dale S Private Milton, Ore. 

**Quick, Robert E Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Randolph, Claude H Private Sayer, Pa. 

*Rice, Wayne F Private Prosser, Wash. 

*Robinson, Harold L Private Yakima, Wash. 

***Roberts, Abraham L Private .Granger, Wash. 

♦Roberts, Samuel T Private Cedarview, Utah 

*Ruhl, Lloyd Private Aubion, Ind. 

*Russell, Lloyd C Private Oakland, Cal. 

Rutz, Carl H Private 

Sayler, Charlie F Private 

♦Seymour, Phillip B Private Seattle, Wash. 

*See, Ezra B Private Walla Walla, Wash. 

Simmelink, Merrill Private 

Stout, Roy R Private 

♦Stone, Whitfield Private 

Spencer, Lawrence H Private 

♦Stader, Fred W Private San Mateo, Cal. 

♦Sutton, Glenn A Private Oakland, Cal. 

♦Sutphen, Earl R Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Svendsen, Einer S Private Selah, Wash. 

♦Tabler, George E Private 

♦Taylor, Hugh A Private Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Tash, Frank Private. ., Sacramento, Cal. 

Templeton, Darrell Private 

Thirtyacre, Willis L Private 

Thompson, Ben A Private 

♦Twomey, James Private Lewisville, Ky. 

♦Wade, Donald V Private 

♦Wade, Alva Private 

Wade, Edward J Private 

Wagner, Claude E Private 

♦Wallace, Josiah G Private Murray, Utah 

♦Warneke, Fred H Private Prosser, Wash. 

♦Warthen, Richard G Private Monument, Ore. 

♦Wert, Cecil G Private Monticello, Ind. 

♦West, Fred L Private Meedham, Ind. 

♦Wiesendanger, Walter E. Private Portland. Ore. 

Wilson, George W Private 

♦Williamson, Harold R. . . .Private Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Winter, William Private 

♦Withers, Richard T Private 

♦Wright, Leon C Private 



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History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 289 

BATTERY "F" 

146th Field Artillery. 

**Day, William N Captain, 412 S. 9th St., Fargo, N. Dakota 

Commanding Battery. 

Drain, Dale D Cantain, 1S10 9th Ave., Spokane, Wash. 

Commanding Battery. 
See Buttery C and 3rd Battalion Staff 

Exline, James C Captain. 79 Federal Bldg., Walla Walla, 

Wash. 
Special Duty With Battalion Headquarters. 
See Battery D 

Barclay, James P First Lieutenant Spokane, Wash. 

Executive Officer. 

*Egbert, Arthur J First Lieutenant Nampa, Idaho 

Executive Officer. 
See Battery B and Headquarters Company 

Hart, Scott P First Lieutenant Mondak. Mont. 

Administration Officer. 

*McKenna, John J First Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Executive Officer. 
See Battery C 

**Baur, Paul E Second Lieutenant Evansville, Ind. 

Administration Officer. 

Beck, Alexander ...Second Lieutenant Summit, N. J. 

Mechanical Officer. 
See Headquarters Company and Battery E 
*Caner, George C Second Lieutenant, 1707 Walnut St., Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. 
Officer in Charge of Ammunition. 

Cole, Walter R Second Lieutenant Unknown 

Executive Officer. 

**Davis, Walter T Second Lieutenant Elkhart, Ind. 

Mechanical Officer. 

See Battery A * 

*Fultz. Harry T Second Lieutenant, 1207 E. 60th St.. Chi- 
cago, 111. 
Administration Officer. 
See 1st Battalion Staff and Headquarters Company 

♦Haines, Elmer B Second Lieutenant Unknown 

Mechanical Officer. 

Hayford, Warren. 3rd. .. .Second Lieutenant Chicago, 111. 

Gas Officer. 

*McArdle, Charles C Second Lieutenant Indianapolis. Ind. 

Administration Officer. 

Langdon, Alfred C Second Lieutenant Palouse, Wash. 

Athletic Officer. 
See Battery A 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Battery "F", 146th Field Artillery. 

*Potter, Frank A First Sergeant Colville, Wash. 

*BuckIand, Chester A Supply Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

*Flitton, Harry E .Mess Sergeant Lansing, Mich. 

*Brintnall, Percy C Sergeant. .R. F. D., Columbia Falls, Mont. 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



290 History of GdrH Fikld Artillery Brioaue 

**Cramer, Lewald J Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

*Crowe, Everett L Sergeant Clermont, Iowa 

*Dawson, Harry G Sergeant Victor, Colo. 

Easson, Sanf ord Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

♦Hamilton, Donald A. . . . .Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

Huston, Joseph E Sergeant Lone Pine, Mont. 

*Hutt, Allen A Sergeant Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Kenna, Martin P . . . Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

*Kilpatrick, William S. . . .Sergeant Tacoma, Wash. 

**McCarty, Charles W Sergeant Vancouver, Wash. 

Maxey, William G Sergeant Vancouver, Wash. 

Potter, Ralph K Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

*Randall, Mark R Sergeant. ". Blue Slide, Wash. 

♦Stewart, Ralph Sergeant Poplar, Mont. 

♦Stevens, Orlo M Sergeant 

♦Sullivan, Jerry J Sergeant. .Carlisle Hotel, Spokane, Wash. 

♦Arnott, Ray C Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

Basham, Roscoe Corporal 

♦Berquist, Peter A Corporal Buffalo, Minn. 

Bridges, Joseph H Corporal Dalkena, Wash. 

♦Chandler, Jesse Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

Donovan, Michael F Corporal Dorchester, Mass. 

♦East, Roy H. ., Corporal Denver, Colo. 

♦Eubank, Torrence C Cori)oral Spokane, Wash. 

♦Fry, Leslie L Corporal Colville, Wash. 

♦George, Robert J Corporal Pullman, Wash. 

Gorkow, Arthur R Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Harvey. Nello S Corporal Meyers Falls, Wash. 

♦Hillman, Clarence L Corporal, Whiskey Rock Landing, Bay 

View, Idaho 

♦Hutsell, William W Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Jones, John Corporal Pickens, W. Va. 

♦Kaem'pff, Charles A Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦♦♦Lewis, Arthur W Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Liedtke, John M Corporal Worden, Mont. 

»Lohnes, Charles E Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Meyers, Louis T Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Patchen, Forest G Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Robbins, James G Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

Robertson, Harry B Corporal Naples, Idaho 

♦Roedel, Lawrence J Corporal Dalkena, Wash. 

♦Schlimmer, Gustave R... Corporal Odessa, Wash. 

♦Scholer, Earl E Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Stewart, Everett E Corporal Brockton, Mass. 

♦♦Stovall, Rodney C Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Thomas. Charles Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Tollenaar, Glenn E Corporal Spokane, Wash. 

♦Ward, Herbert W Corporal.. R. F. D. No. 1, Cheney, Wash. 

♦♦West, Charles B Corporal Four I^akes, Wash. 

♦White, Arthur J Corporal Spokane. Wash. 

♦Armer, Robert L Chief Mechanic Asotin, Wash. 

♦Rutter, Thomas G Chief Mechanic Spokane, Wash. 

♦Calligchris. George Cook San Francisco, Cal. 

♦Cline, Clyde M Cook Bradford, Ind. 

Sanders, William E Cook Spokane, Wash. 

♦Smith, Lester D Cook St. Maries, Idaho 

♦Tucker, Elmer Cook Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Weston, Abe Cook Spokane, Wash. 

♦Droz, Earl L Mechanic Colville, Wash. 

♦Herrick, Porter H Mechanic Spokane, Wash. 

♦Salisbury, Chester L Mechanic Spokane, Wash. 

♦Starnes, Jacob B Saddler Genessee, Idaho 



lllSTOUV OF ()(>T11 FlIOLD AkTI I.I.IiltY liRK^VlH: L'!H 

*Brown, Norman C Wagoner Oakland, Cal. 

♦Dawson, Elmer C Wagoner Masonia, Idaho 

♦Dickson, William W Wagoner Chewelah, Wash. 

*Dwyer, William J Wagoner Spokane, Wash. 

*Gavin, John H Wagoner Moscow, Idaho 

♦Heaphy, John J Wagoner San Francisco, Cal. 

*Hustad, John C Wagoner Spokane, Wash. 

♦Kidder, Otis Wagoner Worland, Wyo. 

♦Kidder, Percy O Wagoner Troy, Mont. 

♦Mott, Fred R Wagoner Newport, Wash. 

♦Nyberg. Edward M Wagoner Poison, Mont. 

♦Peterson, Richard G Wagoner Govan, Wash. 

♦Raines, Renard T Wagoner Stockton, Cal. 

♦Sanborn, Harvey Wagoner Spokane, Wash. 

♦Shiffer, Carl Wagoner Euphrata, Pa. 

♦♦Snyder, Morrill D Wagoner Adrian, Wash. 

♦Stafford, Charles B Wagoner Spokane, Wash. 

♦Stone, Hugh P Wagoner Keystone. Wash. 

♦Underbill, Walter M Wagoner Acton, Mont. 

♦Yake, Arthur N Wagoner Spokane, Wash. 

Fisher, Carl E Bugler Fredonia, Kansas 

McCormack, Robert G. . . .Bugler Brighton, Mass. 

♦Nichols, Harry B Bugler. Wallace, Idaho 

♦Sherman, Roy E Bugler Seattle, Wash. 

Albert, Lawrence E Private First Class Colbert, Wash. 

♦Allen, George R Private First Class Spokane. Wash. 

♦Andrews, Jesse R Private First Class Bentonville, Ark. 

♦Beneke, Henry J Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦Burnham, Ervie Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦♦Conrady, Walter M Private First Class. . .Priest River, Idaho 

Cook, Thomas C Private First Class Keeswick, Va. 

*rounsil, Joseph R Private First Class Eureka, Cal. 

♦DeHaven, Robert B Private First Class Thornton, Wash. 

♦Denton, John H Private First Class Monticello, Ind. 

Dickson, Frank F Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Dinsmore, John C Private First Class Pilot Rock, Ore. 

♦♦Dunn, John H Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦♦Eggert, Royal H Private First Class Lakeport, Cal. 

Frank. Hillary C Private First Class Phir, Utah 

♦Franklin, Perry S Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

Georgeson, .John J Private First Class Pasco, Wash. 

♦Gibson. Arthur A Private First Class Davenport, Wash. 

♦Gibson. Charles C Private First Class Davenport. Wash. 

♦♦Hamby, Robert L Private First Class Ismay, Mont. 

♦Harrington. Batt Private First Class Buckeye, Wash. 

♦Hebb. Frank O Private First Class Orin. Wash. 

♦Hilmer, Wesley F Private First Class Davenport, Wash. 

♦Howe, Henry D Private First Class Pendleton. Ore. 

♦Hegwer, Leonard B Private First Class 

♦Hurley, Gerald V Private First Class .... Davenport, Wash. 

♦Johnson, Elmer W Private First Class.... R. F. D., No. 10, 

Hillyard, Wis. 
Jones, Harry E Private First Class Lenora, Kansas 

♦Kaasa, Lewis Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦♦Kile, Charle^ O Private First Class Elder, S. D. 

♦Kincaid, Okie Private First Class Cottonwood,' Idaho 

♦♦Klinefelter. Charles L.... Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦Laurie, Charles C Private First Class. ... Wauconda, Wash. 

♦Lightle, Alfred C Private First Class Sodaville, Ore. 

♦Little. Otis G Private First Class Orin, Wash. 

♦Major, Othos S Private First Class Winslow, Ind. 



292 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

*Mansfield, Chester A Private First Class.... Los Angeles, Cal. 

Maschio, Angelo Private First Class Oakland, Cal. 

♦Miller, Paul C Private First Class Ardmore, S. D. 

*Monaghan, Joe E Private First Class Sprague, Wash. 

*Morgan, Royal B Private First Class Winnett, Mont. 

♦Newman, Harry H Private First Class Pilot Rock, Ore. 

**Osmer, Leon D Private First Class Newport, Wash. 

*Patton, Ralph W Private First Class Cambrai, Wye. 

Porchevnick, Morris Private First Class Brooklyn, N. Y. 

♦Robertson, Walter Private First Class Wallace, Idaho 

♦Robinson, Donald C Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦♦♦Ross, Carl E Private First Class Burns, Colo. 

♦Samuels, Lynn Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦Schab, George C Private First Class Orland, Cal. 

♦Shearer, Leslie L Private First Class Usk, Wash. 

Silk-Downs, Jacques M . .Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

Smith, Frank E Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

Smith, Charles A Private First Class Spokane, Wash 

♦♦♦Stough, Arthur Private First Class Cheney, Wash. 

♦Tatsch, Clarence O Private First Class Spokane, Wash. 

♦Taylor, John H Private P'irst Class Reardon, Wash. 

♦Waldo, Claud J Private First Class Davenport, Wash. 

♦Anderson, Ernest E Private Spokane, Wash. 

Atkeson, Albert J Private. . . .R. F. D. No. 8, Spokane, Wash. 

♦Bartlett, Harry G Private R. F. D. No. 8, Spokane, Wash. 

Barney, Frank Private Spokane, Wash. 

Bartlett, Bernard B Private 

♦Belts, Walter R Private Pendleton, Ore. 

Bleeker, Augustus Private. .R. F. D. No. 3, Plattsburg, N. Y. 

Bly, Francis L Private Wallace, Idaho 

♦Bonk, Carl A Private Sprague, Wash. 

Brock, Robert F Private R. F. D. No. 3, Iva, S. C. 

Broyles, Fred Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Buckingham, James R. . . .Private Mansfield, Wash. 

♦Butts, Robert O Private Deer Park, Wash. 

♦Carles, Eugene H Private : . . . .Oakland, Cal. 

Carlin, Alfred E Private Colville, Wash. 

♦Castle, Edward M Private First Class Evansville, Ind. 

♦Chase, James P Private First Class. . .Snohomish, Wash. 

♦♦Clark, James G Private First Class Kamiah, Idaho 

♦Clark, Morris D Private Chenwelah, Wash. 

Cook, Horace L Private 

♦Coppes, Spencer Private Jamestown, Ind. 

Cortesy, Andrew J Private Spokane, Wash. 

^♦Cox, Raymond Private Marion, Ind. 

Critzer, Leslie H Private Spokane, Wash. 

Davidson, William R Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Dawson, Ernest H Private Sprague, Wash. 

Day, Robert H Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Dement, William F Private Bonners Ferry, Idaho 

♦♦Dougoud, Clarence E Private Connersville, Ind. 

♦Durland. Robert C Private Colville, Wash. 

♦Dusek, Theophil Private Bremen, N. D. 

♦Edington, Lawrence A . . . . Private Deer Park, Wash. 

♦♦Edwards, Carl D Private St. John, Idaho 

♦Ethell, Donald D Private Cheney. Wash. 

Fahey, John J Private Bellows Falls, Vt. 

♦Falstrom, Hjalmar Private Pine Bluffs, Wyo. 

♦Finsley, Clarence J Private Spokane. Wash. 

Foker, William H .Private Sioux City. Iowa 

♦Gibbs, Harry L Private Colton. Wash. 



HisTouY OF GOtii Field Artillery I>ui(;ai>e 



203 



Gibson, Fred O Private Davenport, Wash. 

Gibson, Wayne F Private Osage, Iowa 

Gmeiner, Albert N Private Springdale, Wasli. 

♦Graves, George F Private Bridgeport, Neb. 

*Greenwood, Clyde D Private Pendleton, Ore. 

Hanke, Alfred G Private Lewiston, Idaho 

*Hantsman, George R Private Carey wood, Idaho 

♦Harris, Silas Private 

Harris, Thomas A Private Shreveport, La. 

Healy, Michael J Private Havre, Mont. 

♦Henricksen, Roy Private St. Maries, Idaho 

♦Hensley, Edward C Private Kellogg, Idaho 

♦Hickey, Morris D Private Lacrosse, Wash. 

Himes, Elmer E. Private Spokane, Wash. 

Holbrook, Daughn P Private Spokane, Wash. 

*Holloway, Henry C Private Paris, Texas 

♦Houck, Don D Private Deer Park, Wash. 

Howey. Angus C Private Orin, Wash. 

♦Hubler, Harry E. Private Spokane, W^ash. 

Hutchinson, Robert E Private Depew, N. Y. 

♦Jackie, Walter A Private Evansville, Ind. 

♦Jensen, Walter A Private Marshfield, Wash. 

Jernigan. King M Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Jones, Harold F Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Kamp, Harold Private San Francisco, Cal. 

Kauffman, John W Private Spokane, W^ash. 

♦Kernaghan. Joseph A Private Belt, Mont. 

Kerrigan. Michael J Private Chicago, 111. 

♦King, Carl A Private Albion, Ind. 

♦Koehmstedt, Victor J Private Minto, N. D. 

♦Lee, Harold L Private Touchet, Wash. 

♦Leisi, Robert Private Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Linney. Fred V Private Kellogg, Idaho 

♦♦Lockerby, Jay D Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Lohrey, Philip A Private Deer Park, Wash. 

McClarty, Alexander Private Usk, Wash. 

McKee, Harvey Private Schoolfield, Va. 

♦McKinney. Dudley B Private Seattle, Wash. 

♦Magera, Anthony Private South Bend, Ind. 

♦♦Marth, Herman J Private Chicago, 111. 

♦Mason, Burrows A Private Thornton, Wash. 

♦♦Mason, Samuel M Private Thornton, Wash. 

Massey, Thomas C Private Seattle, Wash. 

♦Meyer, Francis V Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Molyneux, Earl Private Burley, Idaho 

♦Moodhe. Gilbert E Private Spokane, Wash. 

Moore. Louis A Private Lacrosse, Wash. 

Moran, James E Private Plummer, Idaho 

♦Mummaw. Morris D Private Magley, Ind. 

♦O'Brien, Harvey Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Olson, Oscar Private Elizabetnan, Tenn. 

Painter, Thomas C Private Newport, Wash. 

♦Palmer, Orie V Private Upland, Ind. 

♦Parker, Roland S Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦♦♦Parks, Frank C Private Pilot Rock, Ore. 

♦♦♦Parren, Charles A .Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Pelzel. Joseph C Private Medical Lake, Wash. 

♦Perkins. James F Private Bossburg, Wash. 

Perry, Benjamin Private Spokane, Wash. 

♦Pettyjohn. Olncy Private Dunkirk, Ind. 

♦Phillips, Fred L R-ivate Colville. Wash. 



294 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

*Piersol, Hally P Private Athena, Ore. 

***Pierson, Otis E Private Lizton, Ind. 

*Pollick, William Private Bear Creek, Mont. 

♦Randolph, Jess E Private Pendleton, Ore. 

*Rapp, Ira H Private Plummer, Idaho 

Ray, True Private Chester, Mont. 

Re, Louis Private Oakland, Cal. 

Richardson, Robert L Private Colville, Wash. 

*Rimmer, Evan T Private Roundup, Mont. 

Saxton, Raymond S Private Jamison Park, Wash. 

*Schmitz, William A Private Spokane, Wash. 

Seward, Charlie M Private Orville, Wash. 

**Shackleton, Orie J Private Newport, Wash. 

Silvers, Ray A Private Portland, Ore. 

Simpson, Merrill M Private Spokane, Wash. 

*Smith, John T Private Rawls, Texas 

Smith, Scott A Private Spokane, Wash. 

*Smith, Walter J Private Lewiston, Idaho 

***Smith, Walter L Private Elk, Wash. 

*Smith, Winford S Private Paradise, Mont. 

*Snyder, James R Private Lamont, Wash. 

*Sprowls, Elze G Private Davenport, Wash. 

Starr, Frank J Private Colville, Wash. 

*Stiffler, Martin E Private Cheney, Wash. 

*Stiffler, William H Private Cheney, Wash. 

*Stover, Cecil R Private Priest River, Idaho 

*Sturtevant, Andrew J. . . .Private Pilot Rock, Ore. 

*Taylor, Elmer E Private Westport, Ind 

* Vaughn, Robert S Private Franklin, Ky. 

*Walsh, John B Private Colville, Wash. 

* Wilcox, Karl K Private Angola, Ind. 

** Wilson, Albion W: Private Spokane, Wash. 

*Windbigler, Ralph E Private Elkhart, Ind. 

Wood, Walter A Private. Spokane, Wash. 

Wynn, Clarence P Private Arrowsic, Maine 

♦Zwaska, William W Private West Bend, Wis. 



History of (KJtii Fikld Autim.ery Jiui(;Ai)K 



295 



SUPPLY COMPANY. 
146th Field Artillery. 

*Travis, Stewart H Captain , Weiser, Idaho 

Regimental Supply Officer and Commander of Supply Company. 

♦Jeffrey, Frank R First Lieutenant Kennewick, Wash. 

Battalion Supi)ly Officer, Third Battalion. 
See ReKimental Adjutant.s 

*Leiser, Bruce C First Lieutenant Caldwell, Idaho 

Battalion Supply Offic^er, Second Battalion. 
See Headquarters Company 

♦Middleton, Wilder H First Lieutenant Waverly, Ohio 

In charge of affairs of Supply Company. 
See Battery A and C 

♦Morton, Harry H. ., First Lieutenant Boise, Idaho 

Battalion Supply Officer, 1st Battalion. 
See Battery A, Regimental Adjutants and 1st Battalion Staff 

*McConnell, Mervin G First Lieutenant Caldwell, Idaho 

Assistant to Supply Officer. 
See Headquarters Company 

*Runciman, William A.... First Lieutenant Caldwell, Idaho 

In charge of affairs of Supply Company. 
See Headquarters Company 

Alvord, Ellsworth C First Lieutenant 

Assistant to Supply Officer. 

Jones, Hugh M First Lieutenant Ashland, Wis. 

In charge of affairs of Supply Company. 
See Battery C and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion Staff 

Lavitt, Samuel Second Lieutenant. . . .New Haven, Conn. 

Assistant to Supply Officer. 
See Headquarters Company 



ENLISTED MEN. 



'=*Pennington, John H Regimental Supply Sergeant, Sandpoint, 

Idaho 
Huckabee, Raymond E. . .Regimental Supply Sergeant Boise, 

Idaho 
♦Thompson, Thomas H. .. .Regimental Supply Sergeant, Sandpoint, 

Idaho 
♦Smith, Charles A Regimental 

Wash. 
♦Rice, Elbert G Regimental 

Idaho 

♦Bayer, Herbert H First Sergeant Payette, 

♦Ritchey, Carl E Mess Sergeant Boise, 

♦Lochrie, Emery J Sergeant Castleford, 

♦Ramsey, Lester W Sergeant Sandpoint, 

Piatt, James H Sergeant Sandpoint, 

♦Clay, Henry C Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Goettling, William E Corporal Eagle, Idaho 

♦Ulrich, Carsey L Corporal Buhl, Idaho 

♦Ross, Fred D Corporal Caldwell. Idaho 

♦Branson, Lawi-ence Corporal St. Anthony, Idaho 

♦Tippit, Ralph Chief Mechanic Twin Falls, 

♦Castile, Lennie C Cook Nampa, 

♦Colburn, William W . . . . . Cook Blanohard. 

♦Goettling, Ernest W Cook Eagle, 



Supply Sergeant, Spokane. 
Supply Sergeant, Caldwell, 



Idaho 
Idaho 
Idaho 
Idaho 
Idaho 



Idaho 
Idaho 
Idaho 
Idaho 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



296 History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 

*Hartkopf, Walter Cook Menomonee Falls, Wis. 

*Tletsort, Ray Cook Nyssa, Ore. 

* Wiggins. Edward B Cook Lewiston, Idaho 

*McDonald, Earl L Cook Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Fountain, Francis F Mechanic Mora, Idaho 

Harding, Bryan Mechanic Caldwell, Idaho 

*Haster, Peter N Mechanic Sandpoint, Idaho 

Jenkins, Charles E Mechanic 

Patchen, Reginald L Mechanic Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Smithers, Burr Mechanic Boise, Idaho 

Black, William M Wagoner Boise, Idaho 

*Bly. Francis L Wagoner 

Card, Roland E Wagoner Eagle, Idaho 

Carpenter, John M Wagoner Eagle, Idaho 

*Cleek, James H Wagoner .Starr, Idaho 

*Cornagey, William O Wagoner Yoeford, Alberta, Can. 

Crawford, Henry M Wagoner Boise, Idaho 

*Dayley, James E Wagoner Oakley, Idaho 

♦Fanning, Paul P Wagoner Weiser, Idaho 

**Flynn, Andrew T Wagoner Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Flynn, Robert Wagoner Castle Ford, Idaho 

♦Griffith, John C Wagoner Jerome, Idaho 

♦Hughes, Idaho Wagoner Emmett, Idaho 

Ingerlund, Harold J Wagoner 

♦Kaiser, Ernest C Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Knox, IJ'rtriffe W Wagoner Bennett, Idaho 

♦Kopf, Carl Wagoner Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Leonard, Deuane Wagoner Mica, Idaho 

♦Lewis, James H Wagoner Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Lowry, James M Wagoner Rathdrum, Idaho 

♦Mace, James E Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦McDonald, Julius D Wagoner Arrow Rock, Idaho 

♦McLaughlin, James J.... Wagoner Salmon, Idaho 

Newman, Percy C Wagoner 

♦Pope, Noil Wagoner Grangeville, Idaho 

Reed, James J Wagoner Emporium, Pa. 

♦Royston, Laf e T Wagoner Payette, Idaho 

♦Sander, Carlton A Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Shaw, Ora J Wagoner Salmon, Idaho 

♦Simmelink, 'Merrill Wagoner Kennewick, Wash. 

♦♦♦Specht, Charles R Wagoner Emporium, Pa. 

♦Stowe, Glenn Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Swofford, Wallace W Wagoner Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

♦Vipham, Edwin C Wagoner Jerome, Idaho 

♦De la Grange, Alphonsus. .Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

Dickenson, Walter Private First Class 

♦Gray, Harley M Private First Class Chewelah, Wash. 

♦Hodson, Jake Private First Class Jerome, Idaho 

♦Jones, Donald G Private First Class Mica, Idaho 

Kennedy, Thomas R Private First Class 

♦Low, Archie E Private First Class Union, Ore. 

♦Merrifield, Robert C Private First Class Sandpoint, Idaho 

♦Mitchell, Charley E Private First Class Payette, Idaho 

♦Pander, James H Private First Class. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Stanley, Harold B Private First Class Rocky Ford, Colo. 

♦Taylor, Walter M Private First Class Rummerfield, Pa. 

♦Wells, Vivian B Private First Class Emmett, Idaho 

Whitty, George W Private First Class 

♦Wright, Sherman L Private First Class Oakland. Cal. 

♦Andrus, Edward M Private Plains, Mont. 

♦♦Barnes, George Private 



History of OOth Fikld Artillery Brigade 2U1 

♦Benson, Theodore K Private Harrison, Idaho 

*Bona, Stephen Private Shoshone, Idaho 

Bowen, Clarence E Private 

♦Bricliey, Ralph D Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*Brooks, Leslie E Private Richfield, Idaho 

*Burns, Nathaniel P Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Clarr, Lawrence Private Buhl, Idaho 

Crawford, Arthur E Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

Crowe, Douglas M Private Washington, D. C. 

Cullinan, Ed Private Salmon, Idaho 

Davis, Arthur E Private 

*Demers, Victor J Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Deschamps, Lawrence Private 

Dunn, John C Private Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Fogg, Milton Private Grangeville, Idaho 

*Gill, George P Private Preston, Idaho 

*Gill, Robert Private Preston, Idaho 

Glascock, Emmett L Private 

Holmes, Thomas F Private 

Hurd, George W., Jr Private Odessa, Del. 

* Jackson, Oscar D Private Bremerton, Wash. 

Jenson, Joseph B Private 

* Jones, Robert Private Sandpoint, Idaho 

Lamoreaux, Orell Private 

Lancaster, Harold L Private 

*Leet, Allen W Private 

*Low, Darrel W Private Kennewick, Wash. 

Manning, Max Private 

*Martin, James O Private 

McKinnon, Bernard G.... Private 

Miller, Charles D Private 

*Mix, Everett L Private 

*Moran, James E Private Plummer, Idaho 

Mosier, Wyatt Private 

Nelson, Clifford C Private 

Nelson, Gunner G Private 

Nelson, Rodney O Private 

Nichols, Harry E Private 

Nogle, Milton R Private 

*0'Donnell, William J Privae Sandpoint, Idaho 

Oliver, Muncy C Private Ada, Okla. 

Overton, Charles Private 

***Pitkin, Alma Private Peyson, Utah 

Pratini, Stephen Private 

Propst, Roy N Private 

*Puckett, Edgar D Private Lewiston, Idaho 

*Raffety, George R Private Lewiston, Idaho 

♦Reynolds, Ezra C Private Mitchell, Ind. 

*Rlppetoe, Tom J Private Belmont, Idaho 

Robison, Thane G Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Rogads, James R Private 

*Root. Arthur C Private 

♦Sanders, William E Private 

Sloat, George W Private Lewiston, Idaho 

Smith, Joseph B Private 

Stilson, Leo H Private 

♦Thompson, Edison F. ... .Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

Tiffany, Bryant I Private 

Watson, Lester E Private 

♦W^ebster, Floyc'. A Private Goldendale. Wash. 



298 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

ORDNANCE DETACHMENT, 146th F. A. 

Gale Shedd, Jr First Lieutenant 

Detachment Commander. 

H. M. Sellers First Lieutenant 

Motor Transportation Officer. 

*Donald C. Oliphant First Lieutenant 

Regimental Ordnance Officer and Detachment Commander. 

Curtis A. Ralston First Lieutenant 

Holt Tractor Expert. 

ENISTED MEN. 

Ordnance Detachment 146th F. A. 

Bockmier, Ralph H Ordnance Sergeant. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Bishop, Frank B Ordnance Sergeant. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Feurtado, Harold S Ordnance Sergeant Jerome, Idaho 

*Gorkow, Arthur R Ordnance Sergeant Spokane, Wash. 

*Kennedy, Thomas R Ordnance Sergeant. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Robins, Miles R Ordnance Sergeant. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Hay, Arthur P Ordnance Sergeant. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Bradley, John M Ordnance Sergeant Buhl, Idaho 

*Dimock, Elmer Ordnance Sergeant Philadelphia, Pa. 

*Mullinix, Eschel Ordnance Sergeant Greenwood, Ind. 

*Bowman, Alvin A Corporal. Walla Walla, Wash. 

*McDonald, John A Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Dunn, Jack C Corporal Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Burnett, Chris Corporal Pocatello, Idaho 

*Litchfield, Chas Corporal New Mexico 

* Weber, John F Corporal Oak Park, 111. 

Radcliffe, Roy Corporal Pittsburg, Pa. 

*Massey, Thomas C Private First Class Seattle, Wash. 

Mayhe, Patrick J Private First Class Little Falls, N. Y. 

*Britton, James W Private First Class Sunset, Wash. 

*Woods, William R. H Private First Class Roswell, N. M. 

*McArthur, Clare W Private First Class. .Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

*Reid, Robert M Private First Class Roslindale, Mass. 

Watts, Vilas E Private .Spokane, Wash. 

*Bates, Arthur F Private Saadpoint, Idaho 

*Branch, Stephen F Private Kennewick, Wash. 

*Cook, Charles C Private North Yakima, Wash. 

*Tiffeny, Bryant I Private Twin Falls, Idaho 

*0'Rourke, William Private Detroit, Mich. 

*Sisson, Rodman Private .Everett, Mass. 

*Dinsmore, John S Private Chicago, 111. 

McConnell, Earl G Private Ducktown, Tenn. 

Seery, Edwin G Private Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Pfost, William Private Ripley, W. Va. 

Jones, Benjamin Private Philadelphia, Pa. 



*Served with Brigade at front 
**Wounded in Action 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident 



Roster of 
148th Field Artillery 



History of GGtii Field Artillery Brigade 



301 



REGIMENTAL COMMANDERS 148th FIELD ARTILLERY 

Date Date Home 

Rank Assigned to Leaving Address 

Regt. 
Colonel Org. of Regt. 8-13-18 Cody, Wyo. 
Colonel Sept. 22, '18 10-23-18 U. S. Army 
Colonel Nov. 14, '18 3- 7-19 Roanoke, Va. 

See Brigade Commanders 
Colonel Org. of Regt. Denver, Colo. 

See Brigade Commanders 



Name 

***.Ioseph W. Cavender 
*John P. Spurr 
♦Marion S. Battle 

♦Burke H. Sinclair 



Officers Temporarily in Command of Regiment During Absence of Com- 
manding Officers 



♦Henry C. Nickerson 
♦Victor W. Hungerford 
♦William A. Sawtell 



♦George I. Smith 
♦Thomas H. Maguire 



Major Org. of Regt. 11-18-18 

See 1st. Bn. Staff 
Major Org. of Regt. 

See 2nd. Bn. Staff 
Major Org. of Regt. 
See 3rd. Bn. Staff 
Adjutants 
Capt. Org. of Regt. 
Capt. Oct. 18 '17 



Wilkes-Bar re, 

Pa. 
Colo. Springs, 

Colo. 
Powell, Wyo. 



Sheridan, Wyo. 
Portland, Ore. 
See Supp. Co 



HEADQUARTERS COMPANY 
148th Field Artillery. 

♦Schade, William H Captain Denver, Colorado 

Regimental Operations Officer, Company Commander. 
See Battery A and Battery C 

O'Donnell. Canton Captain Denver, Colo. 

Company Commander. 
See Battery D 

Hogan, Cicero F Captain Portland, Ore. 

Company Commander. 
See 2nd Battalion Field and Staff and Brigadier Staff 

Donielson, Clyde H Captain Newcastle, Wyoming 

Company Commander. 
See Battery D 

Field, James J Captain Sheridan, Wyo. 

Company Commander. 
See 2nd Battalion Staff and Battalion C 

♦Daniel, Raymond E First Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Communications and Intelligence Officer. 

♦Haynes, Waldo F First Lieutenant Sheridan, Wyoming 

Radio Officer. 

♦Wright, William R First Lieutenant Denver, Colorado 

First Bn. Communications Officer. 
See 1st Battalion Staff and Battery B 

♦Sharp, Seymour S First Lieutenant Sheridan, Wyoming 

Second Bn. Operations Officer. 
See 2nd Battalion Staff 

Powell, Lyle S First Lieutenant Jireh, Wyoming 

Duty with Company. 

Peabody, Orland S First Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Duty with Company. 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



302 History ob^ GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

♦Spell, Marshall H First Lieutenant Bryan, Texas 

Duty with Company. 
See Supply Company 
*Kiff, Harold B First Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Duty with Company. 

♦Nichols, Harold First Lieutenant Edmond, Okla. 

Liaison Officer. 
See Battery A and E 

Putty, Paul G First Lieutenant Denver, Colorado 

Band Commander. 

See Battery A 

Hayes-Davis, Jefferson. . . .First Lieutenant. .Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 

See Battery C 

*Reed, Howard C Second Lieutenant Dunkirk, N. Y. 

Regimental Liaison Officer. 

Stone Richard H Second Lieutenant Lafayette, Indiana 

A. P. M. of 148th F. A. 

*Sale, Winfred B Second Lieutenant Denver, Colorado 

Mechanical Officer. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

*Ballowe, George S Second Lieutenant Aurora, Colorado 

Liaison Officer. 

Bartlett, William H Second Lieutenant Quincy, Mass. 

Mess Officer. 
See Battery B 

*Echternach, Albert V. . . . Second Lieutenant Denver, Colorado 

Duty with Company. 
See Battery F 

Doolittle, Harry W Second Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Supply Officer. 
See Supply Company 

Hessian, William F Second Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Duty with Company. 
See Field and Staff 

Meyer, Joe M Second Lieutenant Casper, Wyoming 

Duty with Company. 
See Battery D 

*Martin, Lemuel E Second Lieutenant. . . .Sheridan, Wyoming 

Third Bn. Communications Officer. 
See Field and Staff 

* Walters, Eugene P Second Lieutenant. .Hillyard, Washington 

Duty with Company. 
See Battery B and Battery E 

♦Bradbury, Charles A Second Lieutenant Denver, Colorado 

Duty with Company. 

Dunn, John J Second Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Duty with Company. 
See Battery C 

♦Bellamy, Fulton D Second Lieutenant Laramie, Wyoming 

Duty with Company. 
See Field and Staff 

Thomas, Archie H Second Lieutenant Silverton, Oregon 

Duty with Company. 

*Hollowell, Bert Second Lieutenant Charlotte, N. C. 

Band Commander. 

***McCleverty, John A Second Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Second Battalion Signal Officer. 
See Headquarters Company and Supply Company 



HlS'lOKV OK (Jd-ril FlKLI) AUIII.I.KKV r.KICADE 303 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Headquarters Company, 148th Field Artillery. 

*Barr, Andrew Regtl. Sergeant Major Portland, Ore. 

♦Johnson. George D Sergeant Major Sheridan. Wyo. 

Moore, F'rederick Sergeant Major Denver, Colo. 

Griffin, William E Sergeant Major Washington, D. C. 

Jensen, John 'I^ Bn. Sergeant Major. ..... .Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Morrison, Kenneth Bn. Sergeant Major Portland, Ore. 

*Viclvery, Glen M Bn. Sergeant Major Denver, Colo. 

♦Johnson, Palmer Bn. Sergeant Major Basin, Wyo. 

*Neisz, Joseph A First Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

*Bates, William C First Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

Sloan, Roy First Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

*Weisendanger, Edward. ...Sergeant Bugler Portland, Ore. 

♦Hilton, Square W Color Sergeant Cripple Creek, Colo. 

♦Walls, Oscar Color Sergeant Casper, Wyo. 

Luce, Harry E Supply Sergeant Big Horn, Wyo. 

♦Falck, Oscar W Supply Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Fleischer, Harold C Mess Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Clarke, Hyde -Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Stram,' William C Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Purdv, Bruce R Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Zander, Lelius C Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 

Rosenzweig, Dan Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

♦Collier, Robert Sergeant Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Garret, James M Sergeant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Kaminsky, Fritz Sergeant Sacramento, Calif. 

♦Williams, Earl L Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Boucher, Charles R Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Nolan, George Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Morrow, Wilbur E Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Ijames, Clarence C Sergeant San Francisco, Calif. 

Christilaw, Wm. S Sergeant Glenwood, Minn. 

♦DeFoe, Paul W Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

♦Finn, Robert F Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

♦Kidwell, Albert M Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Marr. Edward Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

Walsh, Edward G Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Venable, Edwin E Sergeant Skamowaka, Wash. 

McCartv, Charles W Sergeant Vancouver, Wash. 

♦Pomerov, Robert F Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Kellogg, Alfred E Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Leonard, Raymond M Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Nav, Glenn O Corporal Powell, Wyo. 

♦Thomas, Harley H Corporal Palmyra, Neb. 

♦Black, Ewell C Corporal Powell, Wyo. 

♦Scott, Patterson M Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Ford, Charles P Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Limbocker, Clifford Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Dick, Lewis A Corporal Denver, Colo. 

♦Lvman, Chester Corporal Deschene, Utah 

♦Hubbard, Homer R Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Himes, Louis W Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Hintz, Rov L Corporal Douglas, Wyo. 

♦Harrold, Chas. H Corporal Indianapolis, Ind. 

♦Ehrlinger, Jack W .... Corporal Portland. Ore. 

♦Wvnkoop, George R Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Sheehv, Robert B Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Chamberlain, Frank N Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦McGlinn, Hubert Corporal Bloomington, III. 

♦Smith. Herschel Corporal Portland, Ore. 



304 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

*Hawkey, Walter O Corporal Canon City, Colo. 

*Upson, Wayne P Corporal Casper, Wyo. 

*Bretnall, Harold B Corporal Denver^ Colo. 

*Peck, James A Corporal Colorado Springs, Colo. 

*Kamprath, Walter E Corporal Seward, Neu. 

*Eichenberger, Emil Corporal Port' and, Ore. 

*Long, Homer F Corporal Colorado Springs, Colo. 

*Lumpkin, Vance S Corporal Portland, Ore. 

Adkins, Harvey L Corporal Winfield, Tenn. 

Blocki, Max E. Corporal La Salle, 111. 

Decker, John E Corporal Castile, N. Y. 

*Gunn, Guard D Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Anderson, John A Corporal Omaha, Neb. 

*Smith, Edwin G Corporal Ordway, Colo. 

*Kane, Frank Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

Olewinski, Joseph T Corporal Chicago, 111. 

*Sheldon, Horace B Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

*McDonald, Allen Corporal Portland, Ore. 

* Johns, Theodore Corporal Montgomery, Ala. 

*Heindel, Fred H Corporal Denver, Colo. 

Newman, Durand C Corporal Portland, Ore. 

**Pinard, Leonard A Corporal Portland, Ore. 

**Purkey, Leonard C Corporal Greybull, Wyo. 

**Roberts, Willard S Corporal 

Bjork, Fred W Corporal Portland, Ore. 

**Anderson, John H Corporal Portland, Ore. 

*Butler, Guy O Cook Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Kennedy, Earl Cook Aurora, Utah 

*Martz, Leonard R Cook Valentine, Mont. 

♦Wilson, Charles V Cook Duf ur. Ore. 

Allen, Robert Cook Ashland, Ore. 

Sousa, Charles C Cook Thermopolis, Wyo. 

♦Teague, Osburg D Cook Sheridan, Wyo. 

Nelson, Jay B Cook Glendale, Calif. 

♦Chalmers, James Mechanic The Dalles, Oi'e. 

♦Morton, Frank L Mechanic Portland, Ore. 

♦Parker, Verl E Mechanic Portland, Ore. 

♦Salvevold, Edgar M Mechanic Froid, Mont. 

♦Skodzinski, Joseph Mechanic Boston, Mass. 

♦Allen, Robert .Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

♦Cluff, Owen Wagoner Lake Point, Utah 

♦Crittenden, William Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

♦Johnson, Louis J Wagoner Denver, Colo. 

♦Morfitt, Julian F Wagoner Hermiston, Ore. 

♦Pinette, Lester R Wagoner Puyallup, Wash. 

♦Thompson, Charles W Wagoner Twin Falls, Idaho 

♦Hutchens, Darrel W Bugler Portland, Ore. 

♦Luplow, Carl J Bugler Denver, Colo. 

♦Miller, Erwin Bugler Casper, Wyo. 

♦Roam, James O Bugler Denver, Colo. 

Miller, George H Bugler Rossland, B. C. 

♦Bauer, John F Private First Class. . . .Belle Plains, Minn. 

♦Blake, Charles W Private First Class Deputy, Ind. 

♦Bode, Lloyd M Private First Class. .San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Bryant, William F Private First Class Landrum, S. D. 

♦Brown, C. Dewey Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Clark, Harold Private First Class Raineer, Ore. 

♦Cole, Philip S Private First Class Madison, Ind. 

♦Cotton, Thos. T Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Covey, Leo L Private First Class Elkhart, Ind. 

♦Dale, Wesley E Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 



History of GOtii Fii:li» Aktillkry liitKivDE 305 

*Day, Irvin M Private First Class La Salle, Utah 

*Deisz, Clarence W Private First Class Sacramento, Calif. 

*Eldridge, Hubert D Private First Class 

*Flamm, Daniel E Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

*Goodall, Kenneth C Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

*Grandbouche, Geo Private First Class Bertha, Wyo. 

*Hall, John Q Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Hamilton, Robert W Private First Class Waterville, Kansas 

♦Henderson, Fred M Private First Class Omaha, Neb. 

♦Jennings, Chas. R Private First Class Perrydale, Ore. 

♦Knight. Howard L Private First Class..Chesnut Mound, Tenn. 

♦Kunsch, Perry W Private First Class Basin, Wyo. 

♦Lahey, Richard E Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Larsen, Otis A Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Lundstrom, Emil Private First Class. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

♦McCary, Fred Private First Class. . . .Los Angeles, Calif. 

♦McCaskill, Malcolm Private First Class Okalona, Miss. 

♦McDonald, Harry G Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦McQuestion, Hubert J Private First Class Kenosha, Wis. 

♦Morpeth, Arthur W Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Morrison, Bruce S Private First Class. . . .Santa Clara, Calif. 

♦Nines, Richard Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Plunkett, Sampsot; O Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Renner, Thos. O Private First Class Martinsville, Ind. 

♦Saucy, Paul Private First Class Sheridan. Ore. 

♦Sisson, Harry H Private First Class Brigam City, Utah 

♦Smith, Thomas Private First Class Goldfield, Colo. 

♦Thill, Peter J Private First Class Wheaton, Minn. 

♦Thomas, Rolland E Private First Class La Grande, Ore. 

♦Trowbridge, Donald Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Wandcll, Wilbur H Private First Class. ...Colo. Springs, Colo. 

♦Weber, Ulmer Private First Class Brooklyn, N. Y. 

♦Weisendanger, Walter Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦♦Reade, Arthur C Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Allen, Samuel F Private Risco, Mo. 

Ames, John H Private Beaver Falls, Pa. 

Anthony, Fred W Private Portland, Me. 

♦Ashley, Samuel H Private Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Atkinson, Ercell J Private Moorecroft, Wyo. 

Barnett, Willie F Private South Mansfield, La. 

♦Betz, Roy R Private Lima. Ohio 

Borden, Richard R Private Haverhill, Mass. 

♦Borders, Flodie L Private Mooney, Ind. 

♦Bozarth, Cecil S Private Portland, Ore. 

Brien, Everett L Private Lloyd, Wis. 

Burner. John W Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Butler. Judd G Private Tabor, Idaho 

♦Canary, Frank Private Horton, Wyo. 

♦Carpenter, William Private Victor, Colo. 

♦Chapman, Rovert H Private San Mateo, Calif. 

♦Clark, Everett Private Sunset, Idaho 

♦Cook, Don E Private Gary, Ind. 

♦Dowdell, Charles E Private Dayton. Ohio 

♦Fleming, Albert Private Newport. Ky. 

♦Gilliam, James E Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦Haden, Albert H Private Las Vegus, Nevada 

♦Hardy, Howard F .Private South Bend, Ind. 

♦♦♦Harris, Wade E Private 

♦Hayes, Fred Private Portland, Ore. 

Huckeba. Stanley Private Villa Rica. Ga. 

♦Huckaby, John M Private Griffin, Ga. 



80G 



History of 66tii Fikld Artillery Brigade 



*Kroutch, Alfonso Pr 

*Larson, Gust A Pr 

*Lee, Lewis Pr 

*McCoy, Chas Pr 

*Maxfield, John W Pr 

*Maybury, Orlo A Pr 

*Moser, George H Pr 

*Papoulas, John Pr 

*Parodi, Joseph Pr 

*Perry, John G Pr 

*Picard, Adelard E Pr 

*Putty, Claude E , . . Pr 

*Reed, Charles M Pr 

*Rees, Paul C Pr 

♦Richardson, Thomas S. . . .Pr 

*Schmidt, Karl F Pr 

*Schoerner, Frank P Pr 

♦Schneider, Wesley N Pr 

*Shaughnessy, John A Pr 

♦Simpson, John N Pr 

*St. Marie, Bertrand F Pr 

♦Walsh, John Pr 

♦Walton, John B Pr 

♦Whitney, Frank E Pr 

♦Wise, Roland L Pr 

Barber, Fred Pr 

♦Cochran, Lloyd V Pr 

Cudlipp, Paul E Pr 

Forbes, Raymond E Pr 

♦Friar, Blev H Pr 

♦♦♦Farquhar, John Pr 

♦Hidden, Chas. E_ Pr 

Hendricksen, Allen Pr 

Jensen, William Pr 

♦Moreland, Albert G Pr 

♦Marquiss, Vernie G Pr 

Moore, Keith L Pr 

♦McDonough, John J Pr 

♦McGovern, George J Pr 

Newby. Harlan H Pr 

Olson, Harry Pr 

Orendorf, William W Pr 

♦Reynolds, Thos. J Pr 

Stevens, Sylvester L Pr 

Tuckfield, Stanley E Pr 

♦♦♦Lambert, Joseph D Pr 

Blodgett, Rufus M Pr 

Roush, Ivan L Pr 

Sloan, Ben H Pr 

Pennicuik, Norman Pr 

Moore, Robert S Pr 

Lovinsky, John M Pr 

Cox, Clifford E Pr 

Best, Luke Pr 

♦♦♦Wadsworth, Henry Pr 

Hicks, Francis H Pr 

Barber Fred Pr 

♦♦♦Hasselblad, Carl A Pr 

♦Townsend, Charles H Se 

♦Johnstone, James A Se 

♦Gooding, Harold A Se 



vate Rio Vista, Calif. 

vate Minneapolis, Minn. 

vate Middleton, Wyo. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Syracuse, Kansas 

vate Hahns Peak, Colo. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Helper, Utah 

vate Dalles, Ore. 

vate Atlanta, Ga. 

vate Chicago, 111. 

vate Medford Springs, Colo. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Thermopolis, Wyo. 

vate Caro, Mich. 

vate Upton, Wyo. 

vate Moorecrof t, Wyo. 

vate Salt Lake City, Utah. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Buffalo, N. Y. 

vate Guernsey, Wyo. 

vate Garden Home, Ore. 

vate Savannah, Ga. 

vate Warren, Pa. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Burlington, low^a 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Perrydale, Ore. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Holliday, Utah 

vate Salt Lake City, Utah 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Denver, Colo. 

vate Sioux City, Iowa 

vate Verona, l^a. 

vate North Platte, Neb. 

vate Sanders, Mont. 

vate Salt Lake City, Utah 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Grand Rapids, Mich. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Salt Lake City, Utah 

vate 

vate Blodgett, Ore. 

vate Sheridan, Wyo. 

vate Salt Lake City, Utah 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Galsden, Ala. 

vate New York City 

vate Morehead, Mont. 

vate Spokane, Wash. 

vate Portland, Ore. 

vate Salt Lake City, Utah 

vate Warren, Pa. 

vate Lincoln, Neb. 

•geant Saci'amento, Calif. 

•geant Sheridan, Wyo. 

•geant Ft. Collins, Colo. 



♦Pinnell, Leland. 



. Sergeant Milton, Iowa 



History of 66tii Field Artillery Hri(;ai)e 307 

*Esmay, Wayne Corporal Douglas, Wyo. 

* Jones, Warner B Corporal Glendo, Wyo. 

♦Partridge. Blake Corporal Cowley, Wyo. 

*Kaufmann, Karl P Corporal Cleveland, Ohio 

♦Lamberg, Albert E Musician Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Wood, Harry E Musician Walhalla, N. D. 

♦Barnes, Oliver K Musician Newcastle, Wyo. 

Bassett, Roy Musician Cincinnati, Ohio 

♦Schmidt, Fred F Musician Thermopolis, Wyo. 

♦Stefani, Eugenio Musician San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Worrall. Audrey I Musician Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Blomquist, Carl G Musician Kennedy, Texas 

♦Carver, Russell B Musician Lebanon, Pa. 

♦Esmay, Ed. J Musician Douglas, Wyo. 

♦Gage, David F Musician Cheyenne, Wyo. 

*Hain, William Musician Muskegan, Mich. 

♦Hallam, Albert L Musician Ft. Collins. Colo. 

♦Harden. Donald G Musician Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Hoy t. Charles E Musician Hudson, Wyo. 

♦Johnston, H. H Musician Los Angeles. Calif. 

♦Jones, Gill C Musician Green River, Wyo. 

♦Laughlin, Allen Musician Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Logan, Ivan J Musician Douglas, Wyo. 

♦Lyp, Musician Camden, N. J. 

♦McElhaney. Lloyd Musician Alliance, Neb. 

♦McPhail. George F Musician Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Rogers. Harry O Musician Keyser, W. Va. 

♦Safford. Harvey G Musician Cowley, Wyo. 

♦Saling. Guy A Musician Weiser, Idaho 

♦Shapiro, Jacob Musician New York City 

♦Standen, Russell L Musician Ravenna, Neb. 

♦Walker, Charles E Musician Douglas, Wyo. 

Robertson, William J Musician Big Sandy, Mont. 



308 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

MEDICAL DETACHMENT 

148th Field Artillery. 

*Neer, Frank V Major Patterson, N. J. 

Former Commanding Officer of Medical Detachment. 

Wyman, Edwin T Major Boston, Mass. 

Present Commanding Officer of Medical Detachment. 

Singewald, Albert G Captain Baltimore, Md. 

Petty, Wallace S Captain Rutledge, Mo. 

Potter, Ralph N Captain Sumner, 111. 

*McAloney, Lome G Captain Portland, Ore. 

Dental Surgeon, 148th F. A. 

King, Aaron L Captain Anderson, S. C. 

Anderton, Murrel W Captain 

Woodlock, Lawrence A.... Captain 

Somers, Thomas A. D. . . .First Lieutenant New York, N. Y. 

*Marsden, Henry H First Lieutenant Albany, Ore. 

Chaplain, 148th F. A. 

*Goff, Harry L First Lieutenant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Commanding Medical Detachment, Second Bn. 

♦Harrison, MacMiller First Lieutenant Palmetto, Fla. 

Commanding Medical Detachment, Third Bn. 

*Martyn, John H First Lieutenant Cuba, Mo. 

Commanding Medical Detachment, First Bn. 

*Hough, Warren J First Lieutenant 

Commanding Medical Detachment, Third Bn. 

*HarIow, Lloyd N .First Lieutenant Newcastle, Wyo. 

Assistant Dental Surgeon, 148th F. A. 
NOTE — Lieut. Goff and Lieut. Martyn later changed commands. 

ENLISTED MEN. 
Medical Detachment, 148th F. A. 

*Ivey, Hugh E First Sergeant Laramie, Wyo. 

Stebbins, Norman G First Sergeant 

*Jewett, Ralph B Sergeant Green River, Wyo. 

♦Fellows, Henry D Sergeant Laramie, Wyo. 

♦Little, Arch W Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

***Trader, John P Sergeant St. Louis, Mo. 

♦Renton, Robert W Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

Simonson, Selmer J Sergeant 

♦Armstead, Earl Private First Class Burns, Wyo. 

♦Cotton, Chester C Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Daniels, Eugene W Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Jeffers, Lester F Private First Class Moorcroft, Wyo. 

♦King, Frank W Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Monroe, Roger L Private First Class 

♦Morgan, David C Private First Class Monarch, Wyo. 

♦Samson, Bela B Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Sander, Isabrand, Jr Private First Class Vernal, Utah 

♦Schlemmer, Hobart Private First Class Bremen, Ind. 

♦Schoonmaker, William W.. Private First Class Cambria, Wyo. 

♦Secord, Reginald L Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Walker, Charles C Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Williams, Eulis K Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦♦Horton, Harry H Private First Class 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



History of GOtii Field Artillkry Brigadk 309 

*Berg, Helmer Private First Class Evanstown, Wyo. 

*Brawner, Ben B Private Union City, Tenn. 

*Carbo, Nicola Private St. Louis, Mo. 

*Cosgrove, Charles J Private 

♦Curtis, Samuel Private Detroit, Mich. 

*Eckert, Nevin L Private West Point, Neb. 

*Hunter, Wallace T Private Arrington, Kansas 

*Scrafford, Herberr. H Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Simunck, James C Private Gregory, S. D. 

*Smith, Orin E .Private Tarkio, Mo. 

*Staggs, Brown Private Mercer, Tenn. 

*Tilton, Arthur S Private St. David. Ariz. 

*Twitchcll, James O Private St. Louis, Mo. 

*Wood, Ira R Private Ramah, Colo. 

*Schlemmer, Raymond R. . .Private Hempstead, N. Y. 

*Skipp, James A Private First Class Denver. Colo. 

♦Meeker, Jonathan .Private First Class. : . . .Manhattan, Kans. 



810 History of G6th Field Artillery Brigade 

FIELD AND STAFF 
First Battalion, 148th Field Artillery. 

*Henry C Nickerson Major Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Commander. 
See Regiinental Conimandeis 

William M. Cravens Major Care Adjt. Genl. of the Army 

Battalion Commander. 

*William H. H. Cranmer . . . Captain Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Commander. 
See Battery B 

*Otto B. Linstad Captain Pierre, S. D. 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Supply Company and Brigade Headquarters 

*Loren G. McAlloney Captain Portland, Ore. 

Battalion Dentist. 
See Medical Detachment 

*Cyrus A. Hackstaff First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Battery B 
*William R. Wright First Lieutenant Pueblo, Colo. 

Battalion Radio, Telephone and Signal Officer, Brigade Historian. 
See Battery B and Headquarter Company 

*Harry L. Goff First Lieutenant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Battalion Surgeon. 
See Medical Detachment 

*Harry A. Spencer Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Mechanical and Ammunition Officer. 
See Battery A 

*Winfield B. Sale, Jr Second Lieutenant Denver. Colo. 

Battalion Mechanical Officer. 
See 1st Battalion Staff and Headquarters Company 

♦Robert F. Potter Second Lieutenant Ladysmith, Wis. 

Battalion Supply Officer. 
See Supply Company 

*Robert L. Lee Second Lieutenant Thermopolis, Wyo. 

Battalion Orienteur Officer. 
•See Headquarteis and Battery F 

BATTERY "A" 
148th Field Artillery. 

*Schade, Wm. H Captain Denver, Colo. 

See Headquarters Company 

*Coffln, Roy G Captain Fort Collins, Colo. 

Battery Commander. 

Arthur, Louis C Captain Greenville, N. C. 

Battery Commander. 

***Pinkham, Louis H First Lieutenant Spokane, Wash. 

Battery Commander. 

*Putty, Paul G First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Commander First Platoon. 
See Headquarters Company 

Cross, Floyd First Lieutenant Fort Collins, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 

*Weller, Charles M First Lieutenant Golden, Colo. 

Commander Second Platoon — Executive Officer — Battery Commander. 



*Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



History of GGtii Field Artili.kuy Biugadk 311 

Whitehouse, Arthur W First Lieutenant Fort Collins, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Nichols, Harold J First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 
See Headquarters Company 

Burrell, Paul Z First Lieutenant New York, N. Y. 

Battery Commander. 

Barrett, George B Second Lieutenant Virginia 

Duty with Battery. 

Sloan, Roy H Second Lieutenant Portland, Ore. 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Turner. Roy E Second Lieutenant. . . .Colo. Springs, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 
See Battery C 

*Spencer, Harry A Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Bn. Mechanical Officer — Battery Commander. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

*Simonson, Stanley S Second Lieutenant Merced, Calif. 

Battalion Adjutant. 

♦♦Guernsey, Harold J Second Lieutenant Prosser, Wash. 

Duty with Battery. 

Ede, Alfred S Second Lieutenant Cobden, 111. 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Sale, Winfield B Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Mechanical Officer. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

♦Cocke, Paul L Second Lieutenant I^a Grange, Ky. 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Carter. James W Second Lieutenant West Virginia 

Duty with Battery. 

ENLISTED MEN 

Battery "A" 148th Field Artillery. 

♦Schall, Wheeler F First Sergeant Monte Vista, Colo. 

♦Lail, Frank C First Sergeant Greeley, Colo. 

Moore. Charles C First Sergeant Montrose, Colo. 

♦Braiden, Louis W Sergeant La Jara, Colo. 

♦Beck, Verner C Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

♦Bruner, Glen W Sergeant Sterling, Colo. 

Cassidy, George W Sergeant Boston. Mass. 

♦Campbell, Harvey W Sergeant Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Carnes, Thomas J Sergeant Bristol, R L 

♦Dickens. George Sergeant Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Donaldson. Howard A Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

♦Ellis, Douglas B Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

♦♦Hurdle, John Sergeant Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Keating, Lawrence Sergeant Pueblo. Colo. 

♦Mauldin, Leonard Sergeant Haskill, Texas 

♦McConnell, Roy L Sergeant Kansas City. Mo. 

Paxton, George L Sergeant Ft. Collins. Colo. 

♦Robenstein, Clifford Sergeant Ft. Collins. Colo. 

Reeves, Alfred Sergeant Montrose, Colo. 

♦Schueler, Harry A Sergeant Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Winslow, Hugh W Sergeant Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Cozzens, James P Corporal Greeley, Colo. 

♦Crosby, Andrew Corporal Littleton, Colo. 

Dwyer, Edward B Corporal Brooklyn, Mass. 

♦Gifford, Archie E Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Foster, Roy E Corporal Ft. Collins. Colo. 



312 History of (Jdrii Fikld Artillery Brigade 

*Harrington, James M Cori)oral Thompson Falls, Mout. 

* Hayes, Alfred Corporal American Lake, Utah 

*Knapp, Arthur R Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Kamprath, Walter E Corporal San Francisco, Calif. 

*Leigh,William B Corporal La Mar, Colo. 

*Lyman, Brie B Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

**Long, John Corporal Lafayette, Colo. 

Limbocker, Clifford B Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Murphy, Francis C Corporal La Grange, 111. 

*Marr, Charles W Corporal Denver, Colo. 

Madarasz, Jesse A Corporal Denver, Colo. 

*Nelson, Joseph M Corporal Denver. Colo. 

Orr, Samuel W Corporal 

*Palmer, James H Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Peck, Fred A Corporal Grand Junction, Colo. 

*Aufill, Charles B Corporal Hollis, Okla. 

*Bain, Charles B Corporal Parlin, Colo. 

♦Brothers, Vern Corporal Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Bucher, Earl J Corporal Greeley, Colo. 

♦Richardson, Carl A Corporal Trinidad, Colo. 

*Seaman, Roy L Corporal Greeley, Colo. 

♦Sandusky, Henry C Corporal Salida, Colo. 

* Vangel, James Corporal Bnglevi^ood, Colo. 

♦Ward, John C Corporal Littleton, Colo. 

♦Long, Albert T Corporal Kendrick, Idaho 

♦Mayer, William F Chief Mechanic Vallejo, Calif. 

Craft, William U Cook Greeley, Colo. 

♦Kelel, Joseph A Cook Sioux City, low^a 

♦♦♦Niemeyer, Frank H Cook Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Robetson, George Cook Joplin, Mo. 

♦Hinckley, Irap P Mechanic Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Jensen, Julius P Mechanic Monroe, Utah 

♦McCowan, Charles H Mechanic Denver, Colo. 

♦Baughman, Elmer L Mechanic Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Ryan, John F Mechanic Sacramento, Calif. 

♦♦♦Martin, Jesse Saddler Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Endicott, William P Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Kindred, Roy N Wagoner Greeley, Colo. 

♦liOUgh, Alexander V Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Mathiesen, Fred B Wagoner Carr, Colo. 

♦Milburn, Dennis Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Morrow, Richard R Wagoner Hollis, Okla. 

♦Nielson, James E Wagoner Pueblo, Colo. 

♦Nunamaker, LeRoy T Wagoner Jerome, Idaho 

♦O'Brien, Marshall Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Orcutt, Forrest G Wagoner .Wellington, Colo. 

♦Phillips, Melvin T Wagoner Ogden, Utah 

♦Aldridge, Ross C Wagoner Wellington, Colo. 

♦Allen, Glen W Wagoner Denver, Colo. 

♦Austin, Guy H Wagoner Denver, Colo. 

♦Beall, George R Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Brown, James A Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Brown, James L Wagoner Pueblo, Colo. 

♦Shields, Donald R Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Sholine, John H Wagoner Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Sinnard, Edward M Wagoner Wellington, Colo. 

♦Smith. Earl W Wagoner Oakland, Calif. 

♦Teter, Leonard Wagoner Oakland, Calif. 

♦♦♦Orendorf, William W Bugler Portland, Ore. 

♦♦♦Conrey, Charles L Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦♦Crandall, Perry O Private First Class Terry, Mont. 



llisroKV OF (U»rii FiKLL) Aktilt.erv Bru<;Ai)K 'M-\ 

♦Carroll, Wilbur K Private First Class Manitou, Colo. 

Cleaves, Eben V Private First Class Steuben, Me. 

*Dean, Vernon W Private First Class. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Goodell, Francis G Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Graham, Maynard Private First Class I.oveland, Colo. 

Griffin, Charles R Private First Class Caribou, Me. 

♦Hingley, Blaine W Private First Class. Thompson Falls, Mont. 

*Holmes, Charles H Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Howe, Edgar R Private First Class Greeley, Colo. 

Ingraham, Elmer C Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*La Hue, Isaac E Private First Class. ...Walla Walla, Wash. 

♦Lamb, James Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Lannon, Granville Private First Class Pueblo, Colo. 

♦Lawrence, Lorenzo D Private First Class Hollis, Okla. 

♦Maes, Fred J Private First Class La Jara, Colo. 

*Maritan, Louis Private First Class Monett, Mo. 

♦Mathews, Frank P Private First Class Pueblo, Colo. 

♦McLean, Walter R Private First Class Howard, Kans. 

♦Nelson, Alfred B Private First Class Ft. Collins. Colo. 

♦Nichols, Ernest R Private First Class. . . .Conception Jc, Mo. 

♦Peldo, Edwin W Private First Class Astoria, Ore. 

♦Pemberton, Guy M Private First Class La Jara, Colo. 

♦Peterson, Harry J Private First Class Monticella, Utah 

♦Prevost, Victor Private First Class Pueblo, Colo. 

♦Radenberg, William R Private First Class Kansas 

♦Alleck, Walter F Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Bellairs, Seymour Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Berger, Louis C Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Bickerstaff, Paul C Private First Class Bellaire, Ohio 

♦Bransom, Valentine G Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Buckendorf, George Private First Class. .... .Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Burgess, Lyman E Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Shultz. Dan E Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Sebben, Joseph E Private First Class Morgan Hill, Calif. 

♦Sharp, June B Private First Class. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Smith John W Private First Class Berthoud, Colo. 

♦Stringham, Marion J Private First Class West Jordan, Utah 

♦Thomas, Enoch Private First Class Barneveld, Wis. 

♦Walker, Jacob Private First Class Ft. Collins. Colo. 

♦Williams, Homer P Private First Class Livermore, Colo. 

♦Witt, Frank Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Woody, Frank W Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Woody, Frank W Private First Class Salida, Colo. 

Bretnall, Harold B Private Denver, Colo. 

Bunte, Chester Private Granby, Colo. 

♦Beck, Carl G Private Denver, Colo. 

Byrd, John H Private 

Conger, Earl P Private Ault, Colo. 

Collier, Robert Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Castro, William G Private San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Calton, Elmo Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Cavallo, Leo Private New York City 

Cobb, Brandon F Private Layette, Ky. 

♦Cox. Tangier N Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Cuburu, Jean Private Price, Utah 

Davignon, Romeo J Private Boston, Mass. 

Davis, Herbert T 1 . .Private 

DeWitt, Joseph C Private Harlem, W. Va. 

♦Doherty, Francis J Private Holyoke, Mass. 

♦Dougherty, Reginald V.... Private 

Dul)ee, William J Private Caribou, Me. 



814 History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 

Day, Irwin M Private La Sal, Utah 

Deal. William B Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Eldridge. Hubert D Private Denver, Colo. 

*Exter, Harold Private Gunnison,' Colo. 

*Ellerman, Julius P Private Greeley, Colo 

Gooding, Harold A Private Ft. Collins.' Colo.' 

Gittings, Francis P Private San Mateo, Calif. 

Gomez, Joaquin Private Sacramento, Calif. 

Crady, Howard J Private Oaldand, Calif 

Garcia, Harry C Private Oakland, Calif. 

Gatta, Michael A Private Cambridge, Mass. 

Fessendon, Clarence Private Mechanic Falls, Me. 

Fogerty, Daniel J Private Holyoke, Mass. 

Prey, James O 

*Hintz, Keith Private Douglas, Wvo. 

Hutton Harry I Private Larmer. Colo. 

Hallam, Albert L Private Ft. Collins^ Colo. 

Hall, Clarence E Private Cedar Ridge. Colo. 

Hoskins, Mont Private Miles City, Mont. 

*Illig, Stephen F Private Oakland, Calif. 

*Jensen, Leo A Private Redman, Utah 

* Johnson, Norman H Private Ft. Collins, Colo 

Jensen, John P Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Johnson, Irving Private Sacramento, Calif. 

*Kader, Moses Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Kealiher, Neal Private Ft. Collins. Colo. 

*Koontz, Floyd W Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Kreiss, James E Private Oakland, Calif. 

*Kurtz, John P Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Kennedy, Alexander H. ...Private San Francisco, Calif. 

Kreisle, William F Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Larkins, Howard J Private Kaysville, Utah 

*Larson, Henry P Private Minneapolis, Minn. 

*Lavigne, Joseph H Private Price, Utah 

*LeDeu, Ernest Private Miles City, Mont. 

*Levine, Jacob Private Hempstead, L. I., N Y. 

*Littleford, Reuben C Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Innd, Gustave A Private Minneapolis, Minn. 

*Lutz, Arthur A Private Freeland, Mich. 

*Lyman, Chester. Private 

*Larson, Seerin Private 

*Martin, Earl L Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*Mathiesen, John A Private Carr, Colo. 

***McDaniel, Everett Private 

*Mclntosh, Robert B Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

*McKay, Donald W Private San Francisco, Calif. 

*McNeil, Waldo C Private Berthoud, Colo. 

*Meyran, Joseph H Private Price, Utah 

*Mills, Harry F Private Longmont, Colo. 

*McCary, Fred Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Muir, William Private Oakland, Calif. 

Morrison, Bruce S Private Santa Clara, Calif. 

* Marker, Melvin Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

**Mann, George W Private 

Moore, Keith L Private 

*Newby Harlan Private Forsyth, Wyo. 

*Nutter, LeRoy M Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Niedrach, Robert J Private Denver, Colo. 

Nye, Eugene Private Bennett, Colo. 

Newman, Albert F Private Bingham, Utah 

Olmstead, Soren K Private 



History of GGth Fikld Artili.kry Buiuade 315 

Olsen, Victor Private 

*01sen, Willard R Private Alpine, Utah 

*Parnell, Raleigh E Private Aiilt, Colo. 

*Pickett, William A Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Potter, Edwin Private Whitetail, Mont. 

Paden, Ralph P Private Greeley, Colo. 

*Piitty, Claude F Private Lamar, Colo. 

Reeves, John J Private Stillwater, Okla. 

Reardon, Francis C Private San Francisco, Calif. 

Riffe, George W Private Sacramento, Calif. 

*Robert, Willard S Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Roberts, Samuel T Private Hayden, Utah 

***Ridgeway, Walter C Private Eaton, Colo. 

Ross, Lester Private 

Richert, John W Private Denver, Colo. 

*Ramsey. Harold O Private Littleton, Colo. 

*Raymon, Edward J Private Monticella, Utah 

*Reed, George Private Marimeck, Mo. 

*Baker, Alex. K Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Barber, Fred Private 

*Bartlett, Robert E Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Bernard, Frank M Private La Jara, Colo. 

♦Bishop, Roy W Private Lewiston, Mont. 

♦Brachikas, Gust Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Butler, William F Private Roxbury, Mass. 

♦Butler, James H Private Indianapolis, Ind. 

Baker, Robert A Private Mountain Home. Ark. 

Bale. Frank Private San Mateo, Calif. 

Benoit, George R Private San Mateo, Calif. 

Brummet, Westley B Private Duchesne, Utah 

♦Riley, John T Private Goshen, Utah 

♦Sanderson, Samuel S Private Price, Utah 

♦Schreiber, August Private Home City, Kans. 

♦Schultz. Ernest H Private Alta Vista. Kans. 

♦Sinnard, James E Private Wellington, Colo. 

♦Spencer. Melvin T Private Randolph, Utah 

♦Stephens, Alan A Private Greeley, Colo. 

♦Stormes, Frank E Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Sjogren, Albert Private 

♦Smith, Aylwin Private Longmont, Colo. 

Schillinger, Louis L Private Greeley, Colo. 

Stader, Fred W Private San Mateo. Calif. 

Seran, William M Private Oakland, Calif. 

Spugatos, George S Private Denver, Colo. 

Thomi)son, Charles H Private 

Taylor, William L Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Treumpas, Louis D Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Turner, Elmer R Private Montrose, Colo. 

Tash, Frank Private San Mateo, Calif. 

♦Tillmans, Walter Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Teague, Tracy L Private 

'^ ♦Turner. Bryan B Private Berthoud, Colo. 

*Taylor. William T Private Miles City. Mont. 

♦Teply, Pete P Private Greeley, Colo. 

♦Tyson. Charles F Private Ft. Collins. Colo. 

♦Van I^an. Jesse E .Private Likely, Calif. 

♦Vegia, Albert .Private Angels Camp, Calif. 

♦ Vreeken, John Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Wilmot, Clement Private Pueblo, Colo. 

♦Wilson, George T Private Price, Utah 



316 History op 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

*Wadman, John W Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

* Wallace, Josiah G Private 

Williams, George H Private 

Winget, Miilvin Private Monroe, Utah 

Wither, Richard T Private 

Worrall, Audrey I Private Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Young, Lowal R Private Salt Lake City, Utah 



History of GOtii Fikld Aktilleuy Bkigauk 317 

battery "b" 

148th Field Artillery. 

♦Cranmer, William H. H.. .Captain Denver, Colo. 

Battery Commander. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

*Hogan, C. F Captain Portland, Ore. 

Duty with Battery — Executive Officer. 
See 2nd Battalion Staff 

♦Hackstaff, C. A First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Executive Officer — Battery Commander and Battalion Adjutant 
See ist Battalion Staff 

Duncan, J. McK First Lieutenant Terre Haute, Ind. 

Duty with Battery. 

*Hart, E. F First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Duty with Battery — Orienteur Officer. 

***Pinkham, L. H First Lieutenant Spokane, Wash. 

Duty with Battery. 

Howell, E. H First Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery. 

Sumner, H. H First Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery. 

*Cox, J. A Second Lieutenant Indianapolis, Ind. 

Duty with Battery. 

Hussey, H. A Second Lieutenant 

Attached. 

♦Bradbury, C. A Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 

Smith, G. G Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 

♦Wright, W. R First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 
See Headquarters Company and 1st Battalion Staff 

Conover, W. D Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Duty with Battery. 
See Battery E 

Bellamy, F. D Second Lieutenant Laramie, Wyo. 

Duty with Battery. 
See Battery E 

♦Bartlett, W. H Second Lieutenant Boston. Mass. 

Duty with Battery. 
See Headquarteis Company 

♦Walters, E. P Second Lieutenant Hillyard, Wash. 

Duty with Battery. 
See Headquarters Company 

♦♦♦Kirkpatrick, J. R Second Lieutenant Lynchburg, Va. 

Executive Officer. 

Egbert, Arthur J Second Lieutenant Nampa, Idaho 

Platoon Commander. 
See Battery B 146th F. A. 

ENLISTED MEN 
Battery "B" 14Sth Field Artillery. 

♦Keegan, William E ..First Sergeant Denver. Colo. 

Smith, G. G First Sergeant Denver, Colo. 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



318 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



Finn, Henry C First Sergeant Bridgeport, Conn. 

Fallon, Michael J Mess Sergeant Boston, Mass. 

*Henry, John W Mess Sergeant Miles City, Mont. 

*Benesh, Joseph E Mess Sergeant Chicago, 111 

*Edwards, Henry B Supply Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

Bradbury, Charles A Supply Sergeant Denver, Colo. 

*McCusker, John R Supply Sergeant Denver. Colo. 

*Augustine, Charles H Supply Sergeant Denver, Colo. 



*Gaynor, James A Sergean 

*Goff, Lynn C Sergean 

*Hunter, Daniel C Sergean 

*McCray, Birchard C Sergean 

*Dildine, Myron Sergean 

*Smith, John C Sergean 

Clark, Clarence D Sergean 

Vohl, Otto Sergean 

Kesson, Glenn S Sergean 

*Prior, Charles B Sergean 

Hayes, Earl W Sergean 

*Brooks, Joseph C Sergean 

*White, Clarence J Sergean 

*Holman, Roy Sergean 

Fitzgerald, James J Sergean 

Clapper, William S Sergean 

*Houghton, Thurston T. . . .Sergean 
De Foe, Paul W Sergean 

* David, Robert B Sergean 

♦Weaver, Marion K Sergean 

*0'Hara, William M Sergean 

*Protheroe, Vaughn D Corpora 

*Hardy, Frank A Corpora 

*Koontz, Benj Corpora 

*Brown, Frank H Corpora 

*Church, Asa B Corpora! 

*Weir, George T Corpora 

*Lacy, Joseph M Corpora 

*Negus, Charles B Corpora 

*Crane, Alma E Corpora 

*Craise, Robert A Corpora 

*Schwartz, Harvej'' E Corpora 

* Walker, William C Corpora 

Edmund, Ernest W Corpora 

*Bibb, Robert H Corpora 

*Ruffe, John H Corpora 

*Smith, Willard C Corpora 

* Dunning, Garfield Corpora 

*Green, Robert E Corpora! 

Grondal, Harry A Corpora! 

Anderson, John A Corpora 

*Smith, Edwin G Corpora 

*Patterson, James L Corpora 

Adams, Frederick A Corpora 

Hyatt, Horace L Corpora 

East, Roy H Corpora 

*Miller. Harry H Corpora 

*Sutliff, George H Corpora 

Dick, Lewis A Corpora 

* Walker. Scovill Corpora 

Heindel, Fred H Corpora 

*Bishop, Arthur L Corpora 

*Goff, Merle C Corpora 

♦Richards, Edward J Corpora 



Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

. Salt Lake City, Utah 



San 



.Larkspur. Colo. 

. . . Denver, Colo. 
.Wyoming, Del. 
.New York City 

. . . Denver, Colo. 

. . .Denver, Colo. 

. . .Denver, Colo. 

. . . Denver, Colo. 

. . .Denver, Colo. 

Francisco, Calif. 

Albany, N. Y. 

. . . .Bellingham, Wash. 

Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

, Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Cheyenne. Wyo. 

Watkins, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Windsor, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Whittemore, Iowa 

Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

.Salt Lake City, Utah 

Denver, Colo. 

Brighton, Colo. 

Ordway, Colo. 

, Ottumwa, Iowa 

Windham, Mont. 

Denver, Colo. 

. . Salt Lake City, Utah 

Ordway, Colo. 

Oakland, Calif. 

Chicago, 111. 

Omaha, Neb. 

Ordway, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Denver. Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

San Diego, Calif. 

Denver, Colo. 

, Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Denver, Colo. 

Denver, Colo. 



UlSI'OUV OF 60tII FlKl.H AutILLEUY BllIGAbE 'il9 

♦Jungferman, William G. . . Corporal Denver. Colo. 

*Gravel. Roscoe E Cook San Francisco, Calif. 

*Holt, Lester E Cook Sacramento, Calif. 

♦Pattee, Walter, Jr Cook Denver, Colo. 

Lotze, George H Cook Denver, Colo. 

♦Marshall, Leslie R Chief Mechanic Denver, Colo. 

Burford, William Mechanic Butler, Pa. 

♦Foster, Albert S Mechanic Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Ross, Earl R Mechanic Denver, Colo. 

♦McBride. Samuel F Corporal Denver. Colo. 

Bandy, Frank W Mechanic La Salle, 111. 

*Kuck, Earnest A Mechanic The Dalles, Ore. 

* Aitchison, George Mechanic San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Amnion. Edward P Mechanic Denver, Colo. 

♦Barker, Earl A Mechanic Ordway, Colo. 

♦Baum, Victor E Mechanic Minneapolis. Minn. 

♦Biancalana, Chester Mechanic San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Croft. Robert T Mechanic Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Duff. Harry N Mechanic Denver, Colo. 

♦Harman, Conrad M Mechanic Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Hayes, Floyd E Wagoner Denver, Colo. 

♦Horvat, Paul Wagoner Winnett, Mont. 

♦Irwin, John S Wagoner Denver, Colo. 

♦Lester, Albert S Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

Golson, Lewis L Wagoner Ringgold, La. 

♦Neff, Ferris Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Plummer, Emery M Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

Pulford, Charles A Wagoner Waterbury, Conn. 

♦Riskin, Morris Wagoner.- San Francisco, Calif. 

Rossean, Wade Wagoner Juasonia, Ark. 

Rubottom, Roy J Wagoner McCrery, Ark. 

♦Stewart, Joshua B Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦♦♦Harris, Lionel H Wagoner San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Fox, Ambrose A Wagoner San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Braaten, Andrew W Wagoner Lewiston, Mont. 

♦♦♦Kelley, Charles C Wagoner Denver, Colo. 

Conway, James W Wagoner Denver, Colo. 

♦♦♦Don, Joseph R Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

Schwer, John W Bugler Brooklyn, N. Y. 

♦Spence, Harry W Bugler San Francisco, Calif. 

Stone, George A Bugler Indianapolis, Ind. 

♦Roam, James O Bugler Springfield, Mo. 

Becker. Arthur E Private First Class Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Black, Homer H Private First Class Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Guillian. John Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

Hegwer, Leonard B Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

Muir, William A Private First Class. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

Hogue, Alfred A Private First Class Little Rock, Ark. 

Ohler, William H Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

Stanley, Harold B Private First Class Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Stubbs, Alonzo G Private First Class Englewood, Colo. 

Sullivan, James M Private FMrst Class Denver, Colo. 

Taylor, Earl H Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

Taylor. Robert Private First Class Denver. Colo. 

Vanderalice, John T Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

Vondy, Merritt D Private First Class Brush, Colo. 

Chidsey. William C .Private First Class 

♦♦♦Larson, Guy A Private First Class. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

♦Neff, Zeal G Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Scheldt. Martin C Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦♦Eraser, John F Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Rollins. Leslie N Private First Class.. .Salt Lake City, Utah 



320 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

*Hayden, Harry C Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

*Reade, Arthur C Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

**Brown, William S Private First Class 

Peterman, Joseph Private First Class Salina, Kans. 

Jones, Samuel L Private First Class St. Louis, Mo. 

Colettio, Liberato Private First Class. .San Francisco. Calif. 

♦Anderson, Albert L Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Allen, Louis E Private First Class Denton, Mont. 

*Berger, John C Private First Class Murray, Utah 

*Bo, Bartolomeo Private First Class San Mateo, Calif. 

*Burruss, Edward W Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

*Carniel, Louis Private First Class Burlingame, Calif. 

*Christensen, Bryant E Private First Class Boulder, Colo. 

Croswell, Minor G Private First Class 

*Davis, Otis L Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

Dizel, Joseph T Private First Class 

*Ernest, "William H Private First Class Lewiston, Mont 

♦Ferris, Lockwood W Private First Class.. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Gregg, Thomas E Private First Class Girard, Ala. 

♦Gustafson, Carl E Private First Class Murray, Utah 

♦Hanson, Rueben S Private First Class Mason City, Iowa 

♦Hockett, Earl L Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Gill, Roy O Private First Class Suffolks, Mont. 

♦Jones, Raleigh A Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Jones, Russell E Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Krause, Frederick Private First Class Evansville, Ind. 

♦Landry, Francis N Private First Class Denver. Colo. 

♦Larson, Guy C Private First Class Ray, Ariz. 

♦Laverdure, William Private First Class Lewiston, Mont. 

♦Lobdell, Harvey S Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Long, Joseph L Private First Class Clinton, Iowa 

♦McGann, Benson B Private First Class. . . .Sacramento, Calif. 

♦Mclneczuk, Mat Private First Class Lewiston, Mont. 

♦Neville, George L Private Sacramento, Calif. 

♦Noble, Robert M Private First Class. ...Grass Range, Mont. 

♦Petrausch, William F Private Lewiston, Mont. 

♦Porter, James E Private First Class.. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Rakestraw, Ross Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Rice, James L Private First Class.. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Stepp, Cecil D Private First Class Lead, S. D. 

♦Williams, Claude Private First Class Brush, Colo. 

♦Worlton, Abel J Private First Class.. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Wright, James C Private First Class Gillette, Wyo. 

♦Aeger, William F Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦Allen, Woody H Private Columbus, Ind. 

♦Ard, Colla A Private 

♦Barnett, Archie E Private Evansville, Ind. 

♦Barton, Elmer Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Bentley, Don O Private Tallapoosa, Ga. 

Black, Jacob S Private Apple Grove. W. Va. 

♦Blum, Oswald R Private Evansville, Ind. 

♦Bridges. Paul Private New York City 

♦Brown, Ruf us Private Chambler, Ga. 

Bye, Andrew O Private Glasgow, Mont. 

♦Cash, Enoch G Private Tocher, Ga. 

♦Chausee, George W Private Deadwood, S. D. 

♦Crane, Wilson B Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Dean, George A Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Devine, John J. . Private San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Evans, Alvis E Private Shelby ville, Ala. 

♦Flach, Gabriel C Private Evansville, Ind. 

♦Fleming, Gerald F Private Denver, Colo. 



Hisroitv (IK (»(»in FiKi.i) Artili.kuv I>ui(;ai»r '.\2\ 

♦Gessler, Isidor Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Gibson, Douglas G Private Gillette, Wyo. 

♦Gravier, Louis Private Boston, Mass. 

*Grimm, George B Private Huntington, Ind. 

♦Hanson, Nathan E Private Salt Lake City, Utab 

♦Harlow, Frank L Private San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Harter. Clifton W Private Marion, Ind. 

♦Heilig, John K Private Portland! Ore. 

♦Ipson, William R Private Denver, Colo. 

Henry, Charles J Private New Haven, Conn. 

♦Johnson, Dennis S Private Orleans, Ind. 

♦ Jouflas, Theros H Private Helper, Utah 

Kane, Edward Private Potomac, W. Va. 

♦King, Cornelius W Private Denver, Colo. 

♦King, James E Private Plaintersville, Ala. 

Klayman, Abraham Private Boston, Mass. 

Klaverdyk, James E Private Holland, Mich. 

Lebo, Ralph S Private 

LeBlanc, Abel Private Fitchsburg, Mass. 

♦Leeson. Walter Private Columl)us, Ind. 

Levoncher, Orleph Private Peru, Ind. 

♦Luce, Frank A Private Grand Junction, Colo. 

Marth, Herman J Private Chicago, III. 

♦♦Martin, Byron D Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Martin, Marion J Private Hillrose, Colo. 

♦Moeller, Rudolph J. D Private Preston, Kans. 

♦Myers, Harry N Private Rapid City, S. D. 

♦Norwood, Thomas P Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦O'Brien, Lawrence K Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Ogg, Vere L Private Battrick, Mont. 

♦Olsen, Victor E Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Pierce. Clark A Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Pitts. Harry W Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦Porter, Frank L Private Detroit. Mich. 

♦Potter, Steve F Private Atlanta, Ga. 

♦Price, Lewis L Private Tallapoosa, Ga. 

♦Pugh, Weaver W Private Gonzales, Calif. 

♦Roberson. John B Private Savannah, Ga. 

♦Running, Frank V Private Rosebud, S. D. 

♦Russell, Charlie A Private Denver, Colo. 

♦Stahl. Joseph S Private Lewiston, Mont. 

♦♦Stober, Louis B Private Sacramento! Calif. 

♦Taylor. Reuben T Private La Grange, Ky. 

♦Tracy, Frank J Private Denver, Colo! 

♦ Wattam, George C Private Memphis.' Tenn. 

♦Williams, Elwood E Private Brush, Colo. 

♦Young, Feramorz H Private Salt Lake City! Utah 

♦Awberry, Joseph Private Lewiston, Mont. 

Bellfield, Albert F Private 

Bethel, James E Private St. Josei)h, Mo. 

Boro. William Private Jackson. Calif. 

♦♦Boscaccl. Rinaldo Private San Francisco, Calif. 

Brown. Charles C Private 

Carles, Eugene Private San Francisco, Calif. 

Diese. Clarence W Private Sacramento, Calif. 

Dinsmore, John C Private 

Dressor. Charles F Private Rocky Ford. Colo. 

Dusek, Theophil Private 

Foley, Harry R Private Brighton, Colo. 

Harbert, Clarence Private Ft. Morgan, Colo. 

Hendricson, Roy Private 

Markofer. Harry S Private Elk Grove. Calif. 



11 



322 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

Owens, Charles E Private 

Parks, Frank C Private 

Quick, Robert E Private Denver, Colo. 

Renback, Anton F Private Valentine, Mont. 

Rothlisberg. Roy Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Self, Harry P Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Sheilds, Francis N Private 

Sutphen, Earl R Private Denver, Colo. 

Wiley, Thomas H Private 

***Armstrong. Frank H Private Los Angeles, Calif. 

***Ballard, Edward W Private Los Angeles, Calif. 

***Bradway, Clayton W Private Sacramento, Calif. 

***Butler, Emil W Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Earhart, Lawrence Private Warren, Ind. 

***Roberson, Burton Private Gonzales, Calif. 

* Weavell, Fay E Private Lewiston, Mont. 

Adams, Herbert C Private 

*Auers, George E Private Denver, Colo. 

*Clements, George H Private Denver, Colo. 

*Cocklin, William L Private Huntington, Ind. 

*Francis, Joe G Private Denver, Colo. 

*Glenn, William E Private Lewiston, Mont. 

*Goddard, Albert W Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Myers, Charles E Private Lewiston, Mont. 

*Schultz. George E Private Denver, Colo. 

*De Martini, Costanti Private Palo Alto, Calif. 

*Sigler, Bert Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Luplow, Carl J Private Denver, Colo. 

* Weber, Ulmer Private New York City 

*Whalen, Joseph H Private 

Martin, John E Private Roy, Mont. 

White, Walter E. A Private Roy, Mont. 

McCary, Fred Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Hoover, Joseph R Private Roy, Mont. 

**Klinsing, William F Private Winnett, Mont. 

*Taylor, George E Private Denver, Colo. 

Kirby, Willie Private 

Long, Clayton L Private Mayfield Ky. 

Scrafford. Herbert Private Denver, Colo. 

Skipp. James E Private Denver, Colo. 

Ausserer, Carl E Private San Francisco, Calif. 

Bower, John F Private 

Henderson, Fred N Private 

Knapp, Cyrill Private 

Henrichson, Allan B Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Knight, Howard L Private 

Meixell, Glenn L Private Denver, Colo. 

Olsen, Harry Private 

Papoulas, John Private Helper, Utah 

Riblett, Charles W Private Denver, Colo. 

Thill, Peter J Private 

Yomtab, Max Private San Francisco, Calif. 

***Sollaway, John S Private San Diego, Calif. 

Young. John B. M Private Denver, Colo. 

Miller, Milo H Private Denver, Colo. 

*Brody, Avon H Private New York City 

*Westergard, James Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Kerkeslager, George Private 

Cain, Ray Private 

Lantenslaver, Russell Private 

Lindner, Gilbert F Private Hempstead, L. L, N. Y. 

***Dunn, James Private Denver, C.olo. 



History of GGth Fikld Aktili.kuy Brigade 323 

FIELD AND STAFF 

*Sinclair, Burke H Lieutenant Colonel Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Battalion Commander 
See KeKiinental Commanders 

**Hungerford, Victor W Major Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Battalion Commander 
See Regimental Commanders and Battery C 

McDonald, Charles Z Major Portland. Ore. 

Battalion Commander 

*0'DonneIl, Canton Captain Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Commander 
See 2nd Battalion Staff and Headquarters Company 

*Hogan, Cicero F Captain Adjutant Portland, Ore. 

Battalion Commander 
See Brigade Headquarters, Battery B and Headquarters Company 

*Sharp, Seymour S First Lieutenant Sheridan. Wyo. 

Battalion Orienteur Officer; Acting Adjutant 
See Headquarters Company 

Merriell, Frank C Captain Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Adjutant 

*Dewars, Allen G Second Lieutenant. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

Battalion Mechanical Officer; Acting Adjutant 
See Battery D 

***McCleverty, John A Second Lieutenant Portland, Ore. 

Battalion Signal Officer 
See Headquarteis Company 

BATTERY "C," 148th F. A. 

Schade, William H Captain Denver, Colo. 

Duty with Battery 
See Headquarteis Company and Battery A 

Merriell, Frank C Captain Fruita, Colo. 

Duty vi^ith Battery 

*Doan, Arthur F Captain Salt Lake City. I'tah 

Battery Commander 

•■Hungerford, Victor W Captain Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Battery Commander 

*Knowlton, Daniel W Captain Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Battery Commander 

Blackburn, .Joseph B First Lieutenant Pittsburg, Pa. 

Duty with Battery 

McDonald, John W First Lieutenant Bessemer, Ala. 

Duty with Battery 

"Turner, Roy F First Lieutenant. . . .Richmond, California 

Platoon Commander 
See Battery ^V 

Gowdy. James H .First Lieutenant. .Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Duty with Battery 

Benson, Jesse First Lieutenant. .Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Duty with Battery 

♦Littlefield, Calvin G First Lieutenant. .Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Platoon Commander 
Hayes-Davis. Jefferson; .. First Lieutenant . .Colorado Springs, Colo. 
Duty with Battery 
See Headquarters Company 

*McAllaster, William R. . . .Second Lieutenant 

Orientation Officer 



324 History op 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 

*Leary, Warren D Second Lieutenant. .New York City, N. Y. 

Duty with Battery 

Ellis, Otto Second Lieutenant Lawrence, Kansas 

Duty with Battery 
See Battery D 

Bossart, Paul E Second Lieutenant .Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Duty with Battery 

Dunn, .John Second Lieutenant Portland, Oregon 

Duty with Battery 
See Headquarters Company 

♦Rounds, Arvin D Second Lieutenant 

Platoon Commander 

Thomas, George B Second Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery 

*Cator, Arthur L First Sergeant Corvallis, Oregon 

♦Johnson, Erick A., Jr First Sergeant, 127 N. 4th St., Victor, Colo. 

*Pennewill, Robert Supply Sergeant, Elks Home, Colorado 

Springs, Colo. 

*Otto, Joseph J Mess Sergeant, Auditorium Hotel, Denver, 

Colo. 

♦Roberts, Arthur X Sergeant Jarvidge, Nevada 

♦Hawkins, NeaJ J Sergeant Warrenton, Oregon 

♦Brown, Fred O Sergeant, Y. M. C. A., Colorado Springs, 

Colo. 

♦McAninch, Everett C Sergeant Edmond, Okla. 

♦Choate, William P Sergeant, 1045 E. 21st St., Portland, Ore. 

♦Harris, Raleigh R Sergeant 822 Marion St., Denver, Colo. 

♦Williams, George W Sergeant Victor, Colo. 

♦Chappie, Orson S Sergeant Ogden, Utah 

♦Hanna, Benjamin Sergeant 83 Blythe, Belfast, Ireland 

♦Krause, William F Sergeant, 339 Virginia Ave., Knoxville, 

Tenn. 

♦Hangsten, Charles W Sergeant. .574 E. 8th St. N., Portland, Ore. 

Lilley, Walter H Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Sells, William L Sergeant, 5345 9th Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 

♦♦Schnell, Louis J Sergeant, 820 N. Pine St., Colorado Sprgs, 

Colo. 

Rosenzweig, Dan Sergeant. . .1129 E. 17th St., Denver, Colo. 

Negus, Charles B Sergeant Laramie, Wyo. 

Eaton, Joseph L Sergeant Eaton, Colo. 

♦Leonard, Theodore T Sergeant Winlock, Wash. 

♦Ballowe, George S Sergeant 

♦Burt, Eugene Corporal Colorado Springs, Colo. 

♦Crawford, Noble Corporal 305 Pacific St., Portland, Ore. 

♦Argall, William A Corporal Elks Club, Victor, Colo. 

♦Shonts. Harvey I Corporal Arvada, Colo. 

♦Kaser, James B Corporal Elks Club, Victor, Colo. 

♦Graning, Thomas Corporal, 317 S. Wahsatch Ave., Colorado 

Springs, Colo. 

♦♦Polio, John, Jr Corporal Steamboat Springs, Colo. 

♦Baxter, James M Corporal. .253 Chapman St., Portland, Ore. 

♦Brauer, .John F Corporal, 22 Maple St., Colorado Springs, 

Colo. 

♦Cabaniss, John N Corporal, 2515 Octavia St., San Francisco, 

Cal. 

♦Stout, Waldo T Corporal, 630 Union Ave. N., Portland, Ore. 

♦Dunn, Arthur J Corporal. . . .1940 Broadway, Denver, Colo. 

♦Johnson, Rudolph Corporal, 1196 E. 35th North, Portland, 

Ore. 
♦Leonard, Charles H Corporal Winlock, Wash. 



HisroKV <iK (Weill FiKi.n Akth.i.kuv BuKJAnE '^'2T) 

♦Bankeire. John Corporal, 84 Richland Ave.. San Francisco, 

Cal. 

*Whittenberger, Milton Corporal, 1911 N. Tejon St., Colorado 

Sprin.ys, Colo. 

♦Roberts, Orvill A Corporal Sheldon, Missonri 

*Nifong, Eugene C Corporal Colorado Springs, Colo. 

*Mattlev, Ernest M Corporal Tackson County, Cal. 

*Leach, Clifford C Corporal Mildred, Montana 

♦Torbit, Charles A Corporal Fountain, Colo. 

♦.Tones. William F Corporal 4:!0 S. 4th St., Victor. Colo. 

♦Arnold, Frank E Corporal Snover, Mich. 

♦Beneka, Merrill Corporal 9?,9 E. 14th, Portland, Ore. 

♦♦Pierce, ,Iesse Corporal, 720 9th Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 

♦Chamberlain, Frank N Corporal 1275 E. 7th St., Poitland, Ore. 

♦Eichenberger, Emil W. .. .Corporal, <>74 Union Ave.. X.. Portland, 

Ore. 

♦Smith, Herschel Corporal, 9:!9 Rodney Ave., Portland, Ore. 

♦McGlinn, Hubert H Corporal Carbondale, 111. 

Dawson, Harry G Corporal Victor, Colo. 

Harris, Roy G Corporal 822 Marion St., Denver, Colo. 

Proctor. Albert H Corporal Victor. Colo. 

Townsend, Frank C Corporal 

Runyon, Frank B Corporal, 1242 Cheyenne Rd, Broadmoor. 

Colorado Springs. Colo. 

♦*Clay, Hubert K Corporal 

♦Smith, Earl M Chief Mechanic. 906 Galena Ave., Galena, 

Kansas. 

♦Raggio, Aurelio Chief Mechanic, 3060 Buchanan St., San 

Francisco, Cal. 

♦Eubank, Robert F Cook Fountain, Colo. 

♦Stringham, Thos Cook Boulder. Colo. 

♦♦Martinelli, Dante Cook 524 Allen St., San Francisco, Cal. 

♦Carter, William L Mechanic Portland, Ore. 

♦Cochran. .James H Mechanic Fort Morgan, Colo. 

♦Gaylor, Benjamin A Mechanic Elbert, Colo. 

♦White, Arthur A Mechanic Elkgrove, Cal. 

♦♦McCuan, Joseph Mechanic, 930 N. Weber, Colorado Springs, 

Colo. 

♦.Johnson, Louis J Mechanic Corvallis, Ore. 

Vail. John H Mechanic Denver. Colo. 

♦Lambert. Frank A Saddler Oakgrove, Ore. 

♦♦Estes, Frank Ij Saddler Delaware, Okla. 

LeOuatte, Ernest E Horseshoer Denver, Colo. 

♦Balding, Leland E Wagoner Arvada, Colo. 

♦Bellows, L^o Wagoner Polio. 111. 

♦Blain, Paul J Wagoner Goodland. Kansas 

♦Cox. Clarence A Wagoner McCormick, Wash. 

♦Darling, Raymond D Wagoner, 665 E. Morrison St., Portland, 

Ore. 

♦East, William H Wagoner Linnton, Ore, 

♦Evans, Myron R Wagoner Eastonville, Colo. 

♦Haas, El wood T Wagoner Colorado Springs, Colo. 

♦Harley, James, Jr Wagoner Victor, Colo. 

♦Hunt. Harrv R Wagoner, 445 Sutton St., San Francisco, 

Cal. 

♦Ix)berg, John Wagoner Terry, Mont. 

♦Martien, Cecil J Wagoner. . . .Route No. 2, Milwaukie, Ore. 

♦O'Bryan, Gervies Wagoner Nederland, Colo. 

Pritchett, Lem Wagoner Alicia, Ark. 

♦Reisinger, John L Wagoner Manitou. Colo. 

♦Rizor, Guy G Wagoner Pleasant Valley, Ore. 



320 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

*Sargent, Heber Wagoner Hoydsville, Utah 

*Small, Warner B Wagoner, 323 N. Institute, Colorado Sprgs, 

Colo. 

♦Thornton, Percy L Wagoner, 326 Vs N. 23rd St., Portland, Ore. 

*Travi, Attilio Wagoner, 343 Edinburg, San Francisco, 

Cal. 

♦Underwood, George E Wagoner, 366V2 Broadway, Portland, Ore. 

*Long, Nicholas E Wagoner, 893 Yamhill St., Portland, Ore. 

♦Overman. Charles N Wagoner Pairbury, Neb. 

♦Brown, Earl A Bugler Childress, Texas 

Morris, David Bugler Brooklyn, N. Y. 

♦Willis, Benjamin R Bugler Box 94, Bingen, Wash. 

♦**Poulos, Angelos Bugler, Xerson, Hordiki, Caniakrette, 

Greece. 

**Birdabove, Irvin V Private 1st Class St. Xavier, Montana 

♦Berry, Roy B Private First Class Sebastopol, Cal. 

♦Brown, Charles A Private First Class. .Grand Junction, Colo. 

♦Bruce, Ernest M Private First Class, 416 N. Prospect, Colo- 
rado Springs, Colo. 

♦Burns, Oscar J Private First Class, 418 Colorado Ave., 

Ci'ipple Creek, Colo. 

♦Capiat, Louis Private First Class. . .St. Xavier, Montana 

♦Cleave, Paul Private First Class Meeker, Colo. 

♦♦Condon, Joseph D Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Cosmas, Zaharias Private First Class Grants!, Greece 

♦Davis, Paul M Private First Class, 1101 E. Colfax, Denver, 

Colo. 

♦Decker, Ned Private First Class Stuart. Iowa 

♦Demos, Alex Private First Class. . .Kimy, Vitajo, Greece 

Edidin, Abraham Private First Class 

♦Engbeck, John G Private First Class, 27 S. 4th St. E., Salt 

Lake City, Utah. 

♦Eubank, William J Private First Class Fountain, Colo. 

♦Prezieres, Grant M Private First Class Manitou, Colo. 

♦Fuchs, Joseph M Private First Class, 446 W. 48th St., New 

York City, N. Y. 

♦Gill, Daniel Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Gonzales, Jesse G Private First Class, 2820 Octavia St., San 

Francisco, Cal. 
♦Goodspeed, Dewey Private First Class, 730 E. Costilla. Colo- 
rado Springs. Colo. 
♦Graham, Malcolm D Private First Class, Gladstone Apts., Colo- 
rado Springs, Colo. 

♦Hale, Allen W Private First Class Ridgefield, Wash. 

•Harris, Henry A Private First Class Rocky Ford, Colo. 

♦Hatch, Albert E Private First Class, 223 N. 5t"h St.. Victor, 

Colo. 
♦Hauser, Peter C Private First Class, 235 Fargo St., Port- 
land, Ore. 

♦Hinds, Francis L Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Holman, William G Private First Class, 710 Albina Ave., Port- 
land. Ore. 

♦Johnson. Floyd A Private First Class. 1215 California St,, 

Denver, Colo. 

Joseph, George E Private First Class, 2116 W. Pikes Peak 

Ave.. Colorado Springs, Colo. 

♦Kurtz, George B Private First Class Littleton, Colo. 

♦Lewis, Leonard Private First Class. . . .Forrest Home, Ala. 

♦McCartney, Edward E Private First Class, 608 Lincoln Ave., Hot 

Springs, S. D. 
♦McCai-ty, Ernest S Private First Class Fresno, Cal. 



History of (JOtii Fiki.i* Aimillery Brigade 327 

Myers, Benjamin Private First Class 

*Nicolini, Antonio D Private First Class lone, Cal. 

*Noren, Oscar E Private First Class, 895 Brooklyn St., 

Portland, Ore. 

*Noyer, Alvin L Private First Class, 1146 E. 16th St., Port- 
land, Ore. 

♦Park, Verl R Private First Class, 3G6 S. oth W., Provo, 

Utah 

♦Pearson, Axel Private First Class Henderson, Mont. 

♦Peterson, Ira H Private First Class, Route No. 3, Corvallis, 

Ore. 

♦Randall, Clarence W Private First Class Gypsum, Colo. 

♦Rankin, Robert Private First Class, Thurso, Gaithness, 

Scotland 

♦Reed, .Tames W Private First Class, 6743 7Sth St.. Portland, 

Ore. 

♦Reynolds. Thomas .J Private First Class. 429 E. Buchanan St., 

St. .Johns, Ore. 

♦Steiner, Charles Private First Class Rothsay, Minn. 

♦Stevenson, Frederick L. . .Private First Class Cotton. Ore. 

♦Sweeney, Edmund .T Private First Class, 4.56 E. 17th St., Port- 
land, Ore. 

♦Traversaro, Antonio Private First Class, 21 Lizzie Ave., San 

Francisco. Cal. 

♦Walks. George Private First Class St. Xavier, Mont. 

♦Worthington, Albert J Private First Class Capital, Texas 

♦Wandell, Wilbur H Private First Class, 1619 N. Tejon St., 

Colorado Springs, Colo. 
♦♦Stanley, William B Private First Class, 426 E. Espanola, Colo- 
rado Springs, Colo. 

♦Hodgkinson, Walter G Private First Class, 317 S. Wahsatch St. 

Colorado Springs, Colo, 

♦Bodie, Lloyd M Private First Class, 1368 Funston Ave., 

San Francisco, Cal. 

♦♦♦Malarkey, Gerald A Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦♦♦Ijeahy, .Tohn L Private First Class 

♦Anderson, Isaac W Private Gresham, Ore. 

♦Arnold, Fred G Private, 24 Burton St., Loughboro. Eng. 

♦Boe, Selmer Private. 1440 Montana Ave., Portland, Ore. 

♦Borer, .Tack W Private 

♦Brunell. William L Private 500 Flint St., Portland. Ore. 

♦Christenson. Irvin .1 Private Kootenai, Idaho 

♦Clay, Hubert K Private Colorado Springs, Colo. 

♦Cole, David J Private Husum, Wash. 

♦Conway, Comer Private Georgian, Ala 

♦Diestelkamp, Wm. A Private San Francisco, Cal. 

♦Dupree, Wilson Private Lexington, Ala. 

Eastlake, Francis R Private Portland. Ore. 

♦Ficcio, Angelo M Private Box 6(;.">. Tampa, Florida 

Flores, Willie A Private 

Gould. William R Private Mobile, Ala. 

♦♦Hanson. Guy AV Private Mobile, Ala. 

♦Harris, Silas Private 367 Belleview Ave., Balys, Cal. 

♦Hathaway, Frank W Private. . .468 Yamhill St., Portland, Ore. 

♦Henderson, T^onis C Private. 20 E. Las Animas, Colorado 

Springs, Colo. 

♦Hendricks, Wesley W. . . . .Private Kcndrick, Colo. 

♦Hubacek, .Tohn F Private 1402 2nd Ave., May wood. 111. 

Hunt. Walter M Private 

♦Hutchinson, .Tohn T Private Doyle. Cal. 

*.Tohnson. .Tesse O Private Florala. Ala. 



328 History of ()()TH Fielh Autillery Ruigade 

♦Jones, Avery F Private 

*Klndsfater, Henry Private Milliken, Colo. 

Klein, Mike Private 

*Lemoore, Francis A Private Salem, Mass. 

*Larrison, Cecil Private, 508 W Bijou St., Colorado Sprgs., 

Colo. 

♦Little, Chester Private Forrest Home, Ala. 

*Littlefield, Benj. F Private Greenville, S. C. 

♦Littlefleld, Boyce Private Greenville, S. C. 

♦McLennan, Clarence R. . . .Private Colorado Springs, Colo. 

♦McCoy, Lawrence W Private. . .1778 Sherman St., Denver, Colo. 

♦McEwan, Robert L Private, 1085 E. 24th North, Portland, Ore. 

McLaughlin, .Joseph F. .. .Private. .33 French St., Watertown, Mass. 
♦Manley, Martin V Private Bowling Green, Florida 

Masterson, Nathan F Private 9 Pierpont St., Peabody, Mass. 

♦Matson, William Private Red Lodge, Mont. 

Moriarity, .John F Private 

Morin, Rosario Private 

Myers, Clarence C Private 

Napier, Floyd H Private Chicago, 111. 

North, Ernest Private Bethlehem, Pa. 

O'Sullivan, Patrick Private •. .Kerry, Ireland 

♦Pew, RoUand C Private Ploymouth, Cal. 

Portis, .Tohn W Private Sharon, Pa. 

Rasmussen, Earl F Private Sharon, Pa. 

♦Raynor, Arthur H Private Noxon, Mont. 

Rihnasky, .John Private 

Roberts, Will Private Huntsville, Ala. 

Roy, Leopold Private 

*Ruble. Fred G Private 

♦Salter, James I Private Route No. 2, Georgian, Ala. 

Schlemmer, Raymond Private, 715 Lippert Rd., N. E., Canton, 

Ohio 

♦Schomacker, Edward D. . .Private Garden Home, Ore. 

Sheppard, John A Private 

*Sholes, Percy E Private Trojan, S. D. 

♦Smith, Leonard E Private Laurel, Mont. 

♦Stanford, Zell D Private Chapman, Ala. 

♦Steenberg, Earl O Private Keokuk, Iowa 

♦Tucker, Noah L Private Laurel Hill, Florida 

♦Walker, William R Private Columbus, Ohio 

♦Weber, Arthur F Private 

♦Werre, Joe Private Ventoria, N. D. 

♦Wheeler, Alvie L Private Mildred, Mont. 

♦Williams, Ashley O Private Clarendon, N. C. 

Gould, Stanley C Private 

♦Reed, Louis E Private 

♦♦♦Warden, William H Private Augusta, Mont. 



HiSTOUV or (;(;t1I FiKI.H ArTII.I.KRV liUKJADK 321) 

r 

BATTERY "D," 148th FIELD ARTILLERY 

Donielson. Clyde H Captain Xewcastle, Wyo. 

Battery Commander 
See Battery D 

*0'DonneIl, Canton Captain Denver, Colo. 

Battalion and Battery Commander 
See 2nd Battalion Field and Staff. Headquarters Company 

Riner, Harry M First Lieutenant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Duty with Battery 

*Carron, Robert E First Lieutenant Rock Springs, Wyo. 

Supply Officer 
See Supply Company 

*Conover, Waite D First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Ammunition and Supply Officer 
See Battery B and Supply Company 

Harper, Roscoe E First Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery 

Kuhr. Max P First Lieutenant 

Duty with Battery 

Doran, Arthur F First Lieutenant. . . .Salt Lake City, Utah 

Duty with Battery, Platoon Commander 

Martin, Lemuel E Second Lieutenant Sheridan, Wyo. 

Duty with Battery 
See Headquarters Company and Battery F 

Clark, Oscar '. .Second Lieutenant Newcastle, Wyo. 

Duty with Battery 

***McCleverty, John A Second Lieutenant Portland, Ore. 

Liaison Officer 

See Headqiia Iters Compan.\- and Suppl.v Company 

♦Sullivan, John F Second Lieutenant Plainville, Conn. 

Orientation Officer 

*Dewars, Allen G Second Lieutenant Minneapolis, Minn. 

Orientation Officer 
See Supply Company 

Fisher, Charles D Second Lieutenant New York City 

Duty with Battery 
See Supply Company 

Ellis, Otto Second Lieutenant Lawrence, Kansas 

Duty with Battery 
See Battery C 

Meyers, Joseph Second Lieutenant Sheridan, Wyo. 

Duty with Battery 
See Headquarters Company 

ENLISTED MEN. 

Battery "D," 14Sth Field Artillery 

♦Thompson, Walter E First Ser.geant Omaha, Neh. 

♦Parquet, Rene First Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Allen, Andrew Z .Mess Sergeant Albany, Ore. 

♦Ponson, Abel P Supply Sergeant .Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Logue, Maurice R Sergeant Lander, Wyo. 

♦Gill, Walter A Sergeant Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Burkhardt, Karl Sergeant Rawlins, Wyo. 

♦Pulver, Fred A ; . -Sergeant Upton, Wyo. 

♦Cable, Frank Sergeant Pendleton, Ore. 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
••■♦^Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



330 History of CGtm Field Artillery Brigade 

*Smith, Hubert C Sergeant Moorecrof t, Wyo. 

*Dunlap, Earl Sergeant Gillette, Wyo. 

*McNair, James Sergeant Pendleton, Ore. 

GrifRs, Luther W Sergeant New Orleans, La. 

Haugsten, Charles W Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

*Brown, James W Sergeant Upton, Wyo. 

**Green, Edmund G Sergeant Sundance, Wyo. 

Thomas, Elmer G Sergeant Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Miller, Alfred H Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Monroe, Frank L Corporal Newcastle, Wyo. 

*Bacon, Fred Corporal Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Either, Fred H Corporal Pendleton, Ore. 

*Sebasky, Edward F Corporal Athens, Ore. 

♦Butler, Walter T Corporal Moorecrof t, Wyo. 

♦Hall, James F Corporal Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Tucker, Gerald J Corporal Hulett, Wyo. 

♦Engdahl, Merle S Corporal Gillette, Wyo. 

♦Hamilton, James R Corporal Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Mollahan, James Corporal Heppner, Ore. 

♦♦McCaskill, Rhlnehardt E. .Private, Rosewall Apts., Birmingham, Ala. 

♦Lahey, Richard E Private, 12 W. Lane St., Roseburg, Ore. 

♦Carpenter, William L Private Worland, Wyo. 

Harem, John Private Terry, Mont. 

**Groth, Carl H Private 1124 E. 79th N., Portland, Ore. 

♦Arnold, Frank M Private San Fernando, Cal. 

Anderson, Albert Private Route No. 2, Ferndale, Wash. 

♦Palmquist, Raymond A. . .Private Gresham, Ore. 

♦♦♦Jensen, Conrad A Private Toston, Mont. 

♦Miller, George H Private, 843 E. 6th St. S., Salt Lake City, 

Utah 

Morris, Ivan G Private Newberg, Ore. 

Restani, Cesare Private, 2009 San Jose Ave., San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

♦Rotert, Harry Private, 839 E. Monument, Colorado Sprgs, 

Colo. 

Santschi, Harry Private, 22 S. 12th St., E., Salt Lake City, 

Utah 

Schacter, Joseph Private. . .234 3rd St., San Francisco, Cal. 

♦Wessell, Charles W Private, 1517 Elmwood Ave., Kansas City, 

Mo. 
♦McCaskill, Malcolm N Private, Rosewall Apts., Birmingham, Ala. 

Milne, Edward J Private, 1630 23rd St., Sacramento, Cal. 

Jemsik, Fred P Private La Jara, Colo. 

♦Peck, James A Private, 1303 Wood Ave., Colorado Sprgs, 

Colo. 
♦♦♦Aikin, Omer Private Portland, Ore. 

Blair, Horton H Private 

Holmes, Cecil Private 

Jones, Arthur W Private Portland, Ore. 

Jensen, Zigfred Private Portland, Ore. 

Carlson, Theodore Private Portland, Ore. 

Condon, James W Private Denver, Colo. 

Creeks, Rolland W Private Victor, Colo. 

Doll, Frank, Jr Private Fountain, Colo. 

Johnson. Charles Private Portland, Ore. 

King, William H Private Victor, Colo. 

Mitchell, Rudolph Private Coalbasin, Colo. 

Neubrough, William I Private Monument, Colo. 

Smith, Joe Private Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Strange, Charles R Private Fountain, Colo. 

Wright, Ernest M Private San Francisco, Cal. 

Austin, Santo J Private Brooklyn, N. Y. 



HiSTuHY OF GGth Field Aktillerv Brigade 331 

Benedict, Wesley \V Private 

Bovard, John J Private Castle Rock, Colo. 

Biitterfield, Guy D Private Portland, Ore. 

Elmore, George G Private Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Erlbrooks, Hubert R Private Denver, Colo. 

Ervin, Delmver "V Private 

Kelley, Otta A Private Victor, Colo. 

O'Hara, Ben C Private 

O'Hara, Richard L Private 

Parker, Clyde G Private Portland, Ore. 

Phillip, Samuel L Private Portland, Ore. 

Schenk, Claud V Private Portland, Ore. 

Sullivan, ,Tohn E Private Fountain, Colo. 

Tyson, Frank F Private, Antlers Hotel, Colorado Springs, 

Colo. 

Williams, Gardner L Private 

Walsh, George W Private Portland, Ore. 

Kent, Lee E Private Fountain, Colo. 

Jones, Paul Corporal Casper, Wyo. 

*Hays, Harley H Corporal Newcastle, Wyo. 

*Ste\vart. George M Corporal Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Wilson, .Tames W Corporal Tacoma, Wash. 

♦Hoover. Logan C Corporal Otto, Wyo. 

♦Ensley, John A Corporal Silva, North Carolina 

Budd, Lewis Corporal Dorchester, Mass. 

Hohn, Joseph, Jr Corporal Greenshurg, Pa. 

Civis, Frank Corporal Tohnstown, Pa. 

Gehre, William A Corporal Portland, Ore. 

Minacci, Isadore Corporal East Caanan, Conn. 

***Campbell, Eden B Corporal Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

♦Davis, Thomas H Corporal Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦♦Linehaugh, Jess L Cori)oral Pendleton, Ore. 

♦♦♦Parry, Raymond F Corporal Gillette, Wyo. 

Searl, Burtesil Corporal 

♦♦Stevens, Edward Chief Mechanic Cambria, Wyo. 

♦O'Donnell, Daniel Cook Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Quick, .lohn W Cook Hamilton, Ohio 

♦Souls, Frank Cook Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Mollenbrink, John M Cook Sundance, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Guilfoyle, William Cook Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Caulkins, Benj. A Mechanic Sundance, Wyo. 

♦Cole. Walter M Mechanic Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Taylor, Willis H Mechanic Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Barnes, Fred E Mechanic Pendleton. Ore. 

♦Bryson, .John C Mechanic Umapine, Ore. 

♦Warrington, Joseph M. . . .Saddler Florence, Colo. 

♦Bacon. Fordyce P Wagoner Sundance, Wyo. 

♦Breding, John Wa.goner Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Corley. Edward J Wagoner Gillette, Wyo. 

♦Doherty, Daniel D Wagoner Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Goom, Walter H Wagoner Pendleton, Ore. 

♦.Johnson, Edward J Wagoner Thermopolis, Wyo. 

♦Kimsey. Guy Wagoner Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Ledbetter, Joseph Wagoner Lander, Wyo. 

♦Link. Harry F Wagoner 

♦Mabrand, Frank Wagoner Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Matthews, Hiram .Wagoner Walla Walla. Wash. 

♦Murray. Elmer E Wagoner Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Pouppirt, Paul K Wagoner Lander, Wyo. 

Putman, John L Wagoner New Haven, N. Y. 

♦Rice. George W Wagoner Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Scott, Earl Y Wagoner Yuma, Colo. 



332 History of GGth Fief-d Artillery Brigade 

*Shangle, Lovick P Wagoner Milton, Ore. 

♦Straight, Wesley Wagoner Sundance, Wyo. 

*Story, Ray C Wagoner Sundance, Wyo. 

*Vest, Floyd R Wagoner Upton, Wyo. 

♦Zimmerman, Aggrandaldo Wagoner Thermopolis, Wyo. 

*Caulkins, Herman V Wagoner Sundance, Wyo. 

*Pasterello, Fillippi Bugler Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Zimmerman, Noel Bugler Thermopolis, Wyo. 

LaHue, Isaac Bugler Pendleton, Ore. 

*Barkley, Willis A Private First Class Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Bacon, Louis F Private First Class Sundance, Wyo. 

♦Bartz, Ernest W Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Brov^^n, Nevi^ton A Private First Class Condon, Ore. 

♦Brunn, Jess F Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Calfee, Herbert W Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Conger, Frank Private First Class Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Czapanskiy, Ralph Private First Class Sundance, Wyo. 

♦Dodge, Ernest Private First Class Wapinitia, Ore. 

♦Erickson, Victor E Private First Class Clayton, Wis. 

♦Foley, John Private First Class Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Fortner, Gordon L Private First Class Boston, Mass. 

Goldstein, Haskell O Private First Class Boston, Mass. 

♦Hascal, Lester E Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

Hardy, John J Private First Class Worcester, ]Mass. 

♦Harper, John M Private First Class Hulett, Wyo. 

♦Holmes, Clell L Private First Class Pilot Rock, Ore. 

♦Horn, Fred W Private First Class Tower, Wyo. 

♦Hornecker, Ralph Private First Class Lander, Wyo. 

♦Hurst, Russell B Private First Class Riverton, Wyo. 

Jameson, Russell Private First Class 

♦Johnson, Guy M Private First Class Westoj, Ore. 

♦Jones, Alsie L Private First Class Moorecroft, Wyo. 

Jones, Farris M Private First Class Eastlake, Tenn. 

♦Keller, Harry E Private First Class Athena, Ore. 

♦Kinney, John P Private First Class Silt, Colo. 

♦Lamb, Adolph Private First Class Upton, Wyo. 

♦Lee, George Private First Class Lander, Wyo. 

♦Lewis, Henry E Private First Class Moorecroft, Wyo. 

Lithic, Spier S Private First Class Akeley, Minn. 

♦Grandbouche, George Private First Class Moorecroft, Wyo. 

McQuestion, Hubert C Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Thomas, Rolland E Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦McLaughlin, Henry E Private First Class Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦McWilliams, Charlie Private First Class Pagoda, Colo. 

♦Marquiss, Vernie E Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Meakln, Walter Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Mikolayck, Stanley Private First Class Elba, Neb. 

♦Mitchell, Fred L Private First Class Stockton, Mo. 

♦O'Donel, William L Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Parkins, Walter E Private First Class Alva, Wyo. 

♦Perrine, Carl Private First Class Pendleton, Ore. 

♦Plettenber.n;. Irving Private First Class Canby, Ore. 

♦Queen, Ollie H Private First Class Hulett, Wyo. 

♦Shaw, George F Private First Class Carlile, Wyo. 

♦Smith, Sidney E Private First Class Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Spielman, Aaron M Private First Class Gillette, Wyo. 

♦Starr, Samuel F Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Stewart. Stanley V Private First Class Moorecroft, Wyo. 

♦Stoner, Harold F Private First Class Lansing, Kansas 

♦Tellefsen. William Private First Class Riverton, Wyo. 

♦Warner. Lloyd P Private First Class Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Wells, Floyd W Private First Class Chillicothe. Mo. 



History of (idiii Fikld Auiillkkv I>ki(;aiii: '.V.\'i\ 

*Cobert, Arnett Private Middle Creeiv, Ky. 

*Bogue, James E Private I'pton, Wyo. 

*Brandberry, Albert D Private Sundance, Wyo. 

*Bauni, Edwin G Private Louisville, Ky. 

*Catlett. William H Private Louisville, Ky. 

*Caulkins, Leo Private First Class Newcastle, Wyo. 

*Cochran, Roy V Private Portland, Ore. 

*Cole, Henry A Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

*Fagan Gates W Private Casper, Wyo. 

*Foley, Morris N Private Alva, Wyo. 

*Ford, Charles Private Adams. Ore. 

*Grant, William M Private Kendal, Mont. 

*Green, Floyd Private Mangum, Okla. 

♦Grooman, Ike Private Medicine Bow, Wyo. 

Goodale. Henry I Private Newton, Mass. 

♦Handy, Clarence W Private Weavers Ford, N. C. 

Harris, .Tames E Private Daleville, Virginia 

*Harbert, Fred Private Independence, Kansas 

Higgins, Loring A Private Andover, Mass. 

Hill, Thomas K Private Alton Park, Tenn. 

*Horn, Claude B Private Thermopolis, Wyo. 

Hurst, .Tames A Private Trout ville, Virginia 

*Hutchinson, Omar Private Pilot Rock, Ore. 

'^ .Tones, Adlai Private Worland, Wyo. 

*Keuhey, Dell Private Everett, Wash. 

*Knesovie, Simon Private Charlotte, N. C. 

*Knutson, Howard J Private Orofino, Idaho 

*Kocolas, Bill Private 

*Kostakes, Emanuel Private Superior, Wyo. 

*Lankford, Calvin N Private Honey Grove, Texas 

*Ijeppeck, Stanley F Private Sundance, Wyo. 

*I.,anning. Eddie F Private Pendleton. Ore. 

*Larrick, Robert R Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

*Leeper, Andy H Private El Dorado Springs, Mo. 

*Monroe, Loew Private Kiegore, Idaho 

*McCov, Floyd E Private Lander. Wyo. 

*McCubbins, Leslie Private Athena, Ore. 

*MacDonald, Murdock Private Detroit, Mich. 

♦Martin, Steve Private Pattonsburg, Mo. 

*Meinz, Edward Private Chester, Pa. 

*Mitts, Frank D Private I^ander, Wyo. 

*Momonokes, Gust Private Hanna. Wyo. 

♦Morse, Thomas D Private Cody, Wyo. 

*Moch, .Toseph A Private Louisville, Ky. 

♦Miller, .Tess T Private Cross Timbers, Mo. 

♦Nicloas, .Tohn Private Cut Bank, Mont. 

♦Norris. Oliver H Private Gettysburg, S. D. 

♦Orton, Samuel E Private La Grande, Ore. 

♦Oke, James M Private Pendleton. Ore. 

♦Penland, Jess B Private Boggs, Wyo. 

♦Perkins. Roy L Private Rotan, Texas 

♦Petty, William R Private Saratoga, Wyo. 

♦Phillips. Charlie Private Cody. Wyo. 

♦Porter, Wayne Private Brid.geport, Neb. 

Reed, Paul Private St. Paul, Minn. 

♦Rice, Edward E Private Shoshone, Wyo. 

♦Ross. I^eonard Private Perma, Montana 

♦Sabin, Harris .\ Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

♦Sausom, Walter Private North Yakima, Wash. 

♦Svilar, Eli Private Hudson, W^yo. 

♦Selin, John E Private Amery, Wisconsin 

♦Sherman, George F Private Springdale, Ark. 



334 History of 66tii Field Artillery Brigade 

*Taylor, John M Private Pendleton, Ore. 

**Thompson, Arthur Private Oshoto, Wyo. 

*Tibbits, John R Private Lander, Wyo. 

*TurIey, Oscar D . -Private Weston, Wyo. 

*Tuttle, Sam Private Lander, Wyo. 

'Tower, Charles Private Lander, Wyo. 

*"Vanscoy, Sanford E Private Yuma, Colo. 

*Veldez, Jose B Private Park View, N. M. 

*Velasquez, Pattico Private Enesinado, N. M. 

* Vesser, John T Private Moorecrof t, Wyo. 

* Warner, Archie S Private Pendleton, Ore. 

* Wells, Ray C Private Downing, Wyo. 

**White, William E Private Hulett, Wyo. 

* Williams, Elmer V Private Hudson, Wyo. 

* Wiseman, Otto O Private Ewing, Neb. 

*Winger, John A Private Minneapolis, Minn. 

*Murray, Earl J Private Pendleton, Ore. 

*Biddle, Asa M Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

Bomar, Robert W Private Sundance, Wyo. 

Bonzago, Rudolph Private Hanna, Wyo. 

Botz, William A Private Pendleton, Ore. 

Cameron, Evan Private Pendleton, Ore. 

*Canary, Frank Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

Caulkins, Charles T Private Sundance, Wyo. 

Clark, John Private Moorecrof t, Wyo. 

*Coleman, John Private Pendleton, Ore. 

*Docket, George Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

*Finn, Robert Private Denver, Colo. 

Giachino, John Private Upton, Wyo. 

Gill, Patrick H Private Boston, Mass. 

Herrigan, Leedon E Private Wilmington, Delaware 

Koch, Samuel L Private Moorecroft, Wyo. 

Kotovich, Dan . . . . ; Private Hanna, Wyo. 

Lee, Lewis Private Lander, Wyo. 

Lind, Robert D Private Casper, Wyo. 

Malkevich, Mike Private Rock Springs, Wyo. 

McCullough, Lawrence. . . .Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

McCormack, Ira H Private Pendleton, Ore. 

**McDermott, William P. . . .Private Moorecroft, Wyo. 

***Michelson, Milton Private Lander, Wyo. 

***Montgomery, Robert L. . . .Private Moorecroft, Wyo. 

Nutter, Harold B Private Pendleton, Ore. 

Pennoyer, Melvin D Private Seattle, Wash. 

*Rose, William E Private Pendleton, Ore. 

Runyon, Charles E Private Pendleton, Ore. 

**Russell, Thomas Private Casper, Wyo. 

Sabin, Byron E Private Lander, Wyo. 

***Sprague, Benj. H Private Rozett, Wyo. 

***Stannard, Archie C Private Pendleton. Ore. 

Streblow, David W Private Lander, Wyo. 

Strohl. William E Private Sundance, Wyo. 

Tomich, Joseph Private Rock Springs, Wyo. 

Vanderpool, Matt J Private Pendleton, Ore. 

**Wamsley, Leelan F Private Casper, Wyo. 

Watts, Ernest V Private Lander, Wyo. 

*** Webster, James M Private Pendleton, Ore. 

Whitehead, Charles D Private Pendleton, Ore. 

*** Wilson. Ouinton A Private Newcastle, Wyo. 

Wood, John G Private Lander, Wyo. 



History of (jOrri Field Autili.kuv Brigade 335 

FIELD AND STAFF 
Third Battalion, 148tli Field Artillery. 

*Sawtelle, William A Major Miles City, Mont. 

Battalion Commander. 
See Regimental Commandeis and Battery F 

Anderson, Rasmus Major Newcastle, Wyo. 

Battalion Commander. 

Feild, James J Captain Sheridan, Wyo. 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Headquartei's Company 

Harnsberger, George Captain Lander, Wyo. 

Battalion Adjutant. 

Whitwell, Sturgis B Captain Brookline, Moss. 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Battery F 

*Brueckner, Carl H. ...... . .First Lieutenant Whittier, Calif. 

Battalion Ammunition Officer. 
See Battery F 

♦Harrison, MacMillar First Lieutenant Palmetto, Fla. 

Battalion Surgeon. 

♦Mentzer, Roche S First Lieutenant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Battalion Adjutant. 
See Battery E 

Somers, William First Lieutenant New York City 

Battalion Surgeon. 
See Medical Detachment 

*Hough, Warren J First Lieutenant Tacoma, Wash. 

Battalion Surgeon. 
See Medical Detachment 

*Harlow, George First Lieutenant Newcastle, Wyo. 

Battalion Dental Surgeon. 
See Medical Detacliment 

♦Bellamy, Fulton D Second Lieutenant Laramie, Wyo. 

Orienteur and Acting Battalion Adjutant. 
See Battery E and Headquarters Company 

♦Conover, Waite D Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Battalion Mechanical Officer. 
See Supply Company 

*Gibson, Henry C Second Lieutenant Philadelphia, Pa. 

Oiienteur — Acting Battalion Adjutant — Gas Officer — .Mechanical Officer. 

See Battery E 

Hessian, Will F Second Lieutenant Portland, Ore. 

Battalion Telephone Officer. 
See Headquarter.s Company 

♦Martin, Lemuel E Second Lieutenant Sheridan, Wyo. 

Battalion Signal Officer — Acting Battalion Adjutant — Gas Officer — 

Mechanical Officer. 

See Headquarters Company, Battery D and V 

BATTERY "E" 
148th Field Artillery. 

Feild, James J Ca])tain Sheridan, Wyo. 

Battery Commander. 
See Headquarters Company 

*Knox, George G ...Captain. . . Alta Club, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Battery Officer — Battery Commander. 



♦Served with Brigade at Front 
♦♦Wounded in Action 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident 



836 History of OOtii Fikld Autillery Brigade 

♦Nelson, Frank B Captain Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Commanding Officer. 
See Supply Company 

Davidson, William First Lieutenant 

1707 Military St., Port Huron, Mich. 
Battery Officer. 

Durrand, George D First Lieutenant 

Battery Officer. 

♦Humphreys, Thomas Z. . . .First Lieutenant Pittsburg, Pa. 

Battery Officer. 

Klinger, Holland J First Lieutenant Lead, S. D. 

Battery Officer. 

Lonobaugh, Alger First Lieutenant Sheridan, Wyo. 

Battery Officer. 

*Mentzer, Roche S First Lieutenant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Battery Commander. 

See 3rcl Battalion Staff 

♦Nichols, Harold O First Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Battery Officer. 
See Headquarters Company 

Casper, Grover R Second Lieutenant 

Battery Officer. 

Conover, Waite D Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

Battery Officer — Battalion Mechanical Officer. 
See 3rd Battalion Staff and Battery D 

♦Freeman, Stanley B Second Lieutenant Chesterfield, Ohio 

Battery Officer. 

Gibson, Henry C Second Lieutenant Philadelphia, Pa. 

Battery Officer. 
See 3rd Battalion Staff 

♦Heller, Daniel B. Second Lieutenant Seymour, Iowa 

Battery Officer. 

Looker, O. F Second Lieutenant 

70 Canfleld East, Detroit, Mich. 

Battery Officer. 

Riley, George D Second Lieutenant 

458 E. 22nd St., Portland, Ore. 

Battery Officer. 

Thompson, Francis E Second Lieutenant 

Battery Officer. 

♦Walters, Eugene P Second Lieutenant 

R. F. D. No. 10, Hillyard, Wash. 

Battery Officer. 
See Headquarters Company 

Watts. William C Second Lieutenant 

Battery Officer. 

West, James B Second Lieutenant 

Battery Officer. 

ENLISTED MEN 
Battery "E" 148th Field Artillery. 

***Cronquist, Arthur J First Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

Cox, Ernest R First Sergeant Powell, Wyo. 

**Davis, Jack D First Sergeant Amarillo, Texas 

Johnson, George D First Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Parkinson. George A Mess Sergeant Beaver, Utah 

♦Ballinger, Stanley A Supi)Iy Sergeant Price, Utah 

♦Austin, Edward E Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 



HiSTOKV OF ()(!t1I FlKl.U ArTILI.KRY liRIGADK Xi~ 

***Bai-ber, Grant M Sergeant Sheridan. Wyo. 

*Bradlej', Edward P Sergeant Lander, Wyo. 

♦Burchett, Jackson Sergeant Ulm, Wyo. 

♦Cafferty, Thos. J Sergeant. .50 Fifth St., Bridgeport, Conn. 

*Eller, Lloyd Sergeant Sheridan. Wyo. 

Jones, Earl R Sergeant Hollidayhurg, Pa. 

Jones, Lee D Sergeant Jacksonville, 111. 

Kaminsky, Fritz Sergeant Sacramento, Calif. 

♦Longer. Clive B Sergeant Riverton. Wyo. 

***Mitchell, George E Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Ostrom, George N Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 

***Snyder, Mack W Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Sorenson, Alfred Sergeant Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Wolff, William G Sergeant Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦Beckwith. Walter C Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

***Chesson. Charles F Corporal Oakdale, Calif. 

♦♦♦Cofftn, Allan E Corporal Bridger, Mont. 

***Cox. John E Corporal Sheridan. Wyo. 

*Crow, Lucius E Corporal Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦♦Emery. Alva H Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Finley. Thomas J Corjioral Kansas City, Kan. 

♦Foster, Herman Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Fox, George V Corporal Gillette, Wyo. 

♦Galenis, James G Corporal Helper, Utah 

♦Guisinger. Ovie Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Hodge, Barney M Corporal .Lander, Wyo. 

♦Hushdale, Sivert Corporal . .Sheridan. W'yo. 

♦♦♦Ivie, Ray Corporal Salina, Utah 

♦Jameson, Charles H Corporal Minersville. Utah 

♦Kane, Frank Corporal Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦Kirkland, Don M Corpoial Milford. TUah 

♦Levinson. Paul Corporal. . . .701 N. Rodney, Helena, Mont. 

♦Lydon, Henry A Corporal 3863 Grove, Oakland. Calif. 

♦♦McGovern, George J Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦♦Newman. Clarence Corporal Lander, Wyo. 

Olewinski. Jos. T Corporal. . . .727 Racine Ave.. Chicago. 111. 

♦Orman. Oscar Cori)oral Sheridan, Wyo. 

Rhinehart, Guy Cori)oral Wright. Iowa 

♦Sedgwick, Ralph L Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

Small. Ora A Corporal Bath, Me. 

♦Smith. Orville Corjioral Sheridan, Wyo. 

Smith, William W Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

Speilman, Jesse E Cori)oral Gillette. Wyo. 

Steidley, Wayne W Corporal McAllister, Okla. 

♦Stratman, John Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Stacki, Ferdinand Corporal Santa Clara. Utah 

♦Thomas, Perry G Corporal Spanish Fork, Utah 

♦Turner, Arthur M Corporal Salt Lake City. Utah 

♦♦Weimers. John F Corporal Oakland. Calif. 

♦Adams. Joseph T Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Johanson, Charles Chief Mechanic Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦Adams, Herbert E Cook Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦ Burbey, Clarence J Cook 

♦Daly. George C Cook Otter. Mont. 

♦Flores. Vincent Cook San Francisco, Calif. 

Hanselman. George A Cook Woodward. Okia. 

Johnson, Frank E Cook Powell, Wyo. 

♦Ketron. William Cook Lander, Wyo. 

♦♦Adams. James R Mechanic Sacramento. Calif. 

♦Davidson, Carl Mechanic Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦Greybill, John L Mechanic Sheridan. Wyo. 



338 HiSTOKY OP 66th Field Aktillerv Brigade 

* Jones, Joseph E Mechanic Spanish Fork, Utah 

*Mavity, John L Mechanic Indianapolis, Ind. 

*Parmeter, Claude Saddler Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Bridges, Emory Wagoner R. F. D. No. 1, Delta, Utah 

*Brown, Carl D Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Creon, Henry J Wagoner Oakland, Calif. 

*Crosby, Harry C Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Curtiss, Glenn E Wagoner Lander, Wyo. 

*Dickson, Ira B Wagoner Fair Oaks, Calif. 

*Hitson, Landy J Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Hiinter, Sidney O Wagoner Beaver, Utah 

* Jackson, Lester W Wagoner Florin, Calif. 

*Linxwilder, Glen B Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Molter, Arthur F Wagoner Billings, Mont. 

*Parsons, John R Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Perry, Delmer E Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Raitt, John Wagoner Gillette, Wyo. 

*Rasmussen. Darol Wagoner Colton, Utah 

*Rollins, Vaughn Wagoner Morgan, Utah 

*Spirk, Frank J Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Sutton, Leo F Wagoner Sheridan, Wyo. 

* Williams, A. W Wagoner Bingham Canyon, Utah 

**Brown, Robert Bugler Sheridan, Wyo. 

Leimser, John G Bugler Sheridan, Wyo. 

W^aller, George W Bugler Dallas, Texas 

*Anderson, Albert Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Armstrong, Floyd A Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

***Bitzer, Edward H Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Brown, Dewey C Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Daley, Wesley E Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Daly, Albert E Private First Class Otter, Mont. 

*Daly. Paul Private First Class Otter. Mont. 

*Everson, Matt Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Fancher, Clai'ence Private First Class Garnsey, Ala. 

*Ferrerro. Felix Private First Class. . .Rock Springs, Wyo. 

♦Griffith, Harry H Private First Class. . .Rock Springs, Wyo. 

♦Hadley, Jean F Private First Class Oakland, Calif. 

♦Hawk, Robert Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Helm, Frank H Private First Class Oakland, Calif. 

♦Hurlbert, Ralph G Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Hyde, James Private First Class Lander, Wyo. 

♦Knight, Thomas W Private First Class Boudon, Ga. 

♦Larson, George A Private First Class Moab, Utah 

♦Larson, William Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Lasovich, Jacob Private First Class Lander, Wyo. 

Thomas, Joseph H Private First Class Baxley, Ga. 

♦Lovell, Stanley W Private First Class Oak City, Utah 

♦McGrath, William E Private First Class. S. San Francisco, Cal. 

Miller, Adolph Private First Class 

♦Miller, Harold F Private First Class Napoleon, Ohio 

♦♦♦Perry, Hyrum A Private First Class 

Poff, Errie L Private First Class 

Reed, Frederick R. Jr Private First Class Millbury, Mass. 

Schoonfeldt, Ernest F Private First Class Jersey City, N. J. 

Scott, Nathaniel M Private First Class. .Baxter Springs. Kan. 

♦Self, Royal Private First Class Cullman, Ala. 

♦Sheppard, Lewis M Private First Class Denver, Colo. 

♦Snook, Benj. F Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Sosville, Delo Private First Class 

♦♦Starr, Arthur E Private First Class 

♦Stevens, Roy Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Stratch, William C Private First Class Lander, Wyo. 



History of 66tii Fiei-d Artillkuy Brigade 339 

Thomas, Joseph H Private First Class Guntersville, Ala. 

*Toone, James W Private First Class Creyden, Utah 

Tucker, AUie M Private First Class. . . .Foks, Elkhorn, Ky. 

♦Williams, Juston H Private First Class Sheridan, Wyo. 

**Wright, James W Private First Class Yampa, Colo. 

♦Wyman, Chas. A Private First Class... Redwood City, Calif. 

*Adams, Carl W Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Barcelone, Eugenio Private San Francisco, Calif. 

*Beswick, Rex P. Private Lander, Wyo. 

*Bishop, Kelso M Private Indianapolis, Ind. 

*Black, Thomas B Private 

*Boggs, Everett J Private Vate, Ore. 

*Boothby, Glenn E Private Lander, Wyo. 

Bryant, William F Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

*Biilivaski, Seimon Private Lander, Wyo. 

*Bullington, Ernest L Private Atlanta, Ga. 

*Bullivant, Henry Private Redwood City, Calif. 

*Bybee, Frank E Private Lander, Wyo. 

**Callifori, Paul Private San Mateo, Calif. 

*Castle, Elliot Private Rock Springs, Wyo. 

♦Chambers, Marshall J Private Lander, Wyo. 

*Colliver, Claude Private Huntington, Mo. 

*Colson, Frank Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Cunningham, Andrew J. . .Private Oakdale, Calif. 

**Curran, Thomas Private Oakland, Calif. 

*De Armond, Clarence Private 

*De Martini, Attilo J Private San Francisco, Calif. 

*Dimas, Charles P Private Price. Utah 

***Dolio, Joseph Private Lafayette, Calif. 

♦Donahue, Harvey Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Donaldson, Niel D Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Downer, Harry I Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Dunlap, Robert G Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Dutson, Clinton Private St. George, Utah 

♦Dwyer, John J Private 

♦♦Dykes, Roy E Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Drane, Walter L Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Easterly. William M Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Fleming. Thomas H Private Riverton, Wyo. 

♦Fossom. Engwold R Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Gaylord, Spencer Pi'ivate Lander, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Gilliam, James E ..Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Golding, Albert Private Peru, Ind. 

♦Goodall, Parley M Private Santaquin, LTtah 

♦Hacker, Robert Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Hammontree, Charles A.. .Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦♦Hedin, Per E Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Hester, Clarence E Private Louisville. Ky. 

♦Hillery, Marion Private Allerton, 111. 

♦♦Horton, John Private 

♦♦♦Imbler, Frank A Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

Johnson, Albert W Private Ensley, Ala. 

Johnson. Emil F Private Racine, Ohio 

♦.lurnberg, Aron Private St. Paul, Minn. 

♦Kestler, Morse A Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦Kissick, Alvan H Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

Kurowski, John W .Private Chicago, ill. 

Langusch, August J Private Chicago, 111. 

Lapham, Howard F Private Middletown, N Y. 

Leinwetter, Martin Private Herndon, Kans. 

♦Lindiberg, Arthur Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

♦Longhurst, George L Private. .R. F. D. No. 41, Springville, Utah 



^>4:(^ History of (KItii Field Autillery Brigade 

**Lee, DeWitt T Private 

Lovell, Roy J Private 

Lynch, James J Private ". . . . Lander, Wyo. 

*Mackin, Charles A Private Detroit, Mich. 

Maddox, Ralph B Private 

♦Makings, Weaver C Private Ludell, Kans. 

*Markley, Edwin A Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Massingill, Dewey K Private Aliceville, Ala. 

***McCafferty, Bernard Private Redwood City, Calif. 

*McCall, George C Private Price, Utah 

McCary, Ralph Private Mooreville, Ind. 

McLennon, Hester Private Lander, Wyo. 

**Miller, Ralph Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Mohaska, Joseph A Private Detroit, Mich. 

Montgomery, Lee W Private Mangham, La. 

* Montgomery, Thos Private Saratoga, Wyo. 

Moore, Chas. C Private Lancaster, Texas 

*Moseley, David E Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

*Nicolaides, John Private Scofield. Utah 

*Nipper. William E Private 131 Ashby St., Atlanta, Ga. 

*Nonini, Agostina Private Novata Mezzola, Italy 

*Parmeter, Ralph B Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Perry, Archie Private Byron, Wyo. 

*Perry, Frank H Private Cedar City, Utah 

*Pohl, Rudolph Private Warsaw, 111. 

Poholos, Andrew Private Kansas City, Kans. 

*Pool, Jacob S Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

**Prokurat, Frank Private 

***Parker, Wm. G Private 

***Rio, Lawrence Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

*Ryan, William J Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Sammons, Isaac E Private Storkton, Kans. 

*Santilli, Vincenne Private Auburn. Calif. 

*Schmidt, Frank M Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Seri, Edegio Private Reno, Nev. 

*Shaw, Otis Private Bluff City, 111. 

*Skinner, Amos P Private Provo, Utah 

*Skagstad, Alfred Private Florence, S. D. 

*Slater, John C Private Thermopolis, Wyo. 

Smith' Floyd Private Osseo, Minn. 

Spencer, Charles P Private Palestine, 111. 

Stagman. Louis Private New Bedford, Mass. 

*Thurston, Gordon B Private Auburn, Calif. 

*Tinsley, John M Private 

*Toben. John Private Wichita, Kans. 

***Tobey! Clyde J Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

Traynbam, Horis T Private Andrews, Va. 

*Turnbow, James A Private 

Twitchell, Rollins Private Vernal, Utah 

Velasquez. Sesero Private Las Vegas, N. M. 

*Vio, Antonio Private 

*Vines, James Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

Wade, Julius A Private Tarver, Ga. 

Wagoner, Everett E Private Lawrence, Mass. 

Waldmeyer, Charles Private Dorchester, Mass. 

Waldon, Frank N Private Springfield, Mass. 

Walker, Alex R Private Algood, Tenn. 

♦Walker, Howard N Private Denver, Colo. 

** Walker, Jay R Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

*Walley,' Clifford G Private Sheridan, Wyo. 

Walsh, David A Private Bayonne, N. J. 

♦Waters, John Private Seneca, Kans. 



HisioKv OF (iOrii FiKLi) Artilleuv r.KKJADi: ;U1 

* Watts, Chas. L Private Shaw, Ga. 

Webb, John M Private Melissa, Texas 

♦Weidraan, Alfred J Private Cedar Lug. Wis. 

♦West, Roy Private Sheridan. Wyo. 

* Whisman, Harry Private Paleo, Kans. 

White, John D Private Indian Orchard, Mass. 

*Wing, Clyde S Private Mvton. Utah 



342 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

BATTERY "F" 
148th Field Artillery. 

*Duff, George H Captain Newport, N. Y. 

Battery Commander. 

♦Maguire, Thomas H Captain Portland, Oregon 

Attached. 
See Supply Company 

*Sawtell, William A Captain Miles City, Montana 

Battery Commander. 
See 3rd Battalion Staff 

*Brueckner, Carl H First Lieutenant Whittier, California 

Battery Officer — Commanding Officer. 

Cowin, Leo V First Lieutenant 

Battery Officer. 

DeChenne, Ernest R First Lietitenant Berkeley, California 

Battery Officer. 

Felton, William H First Lieutenant Georgia 

Battery Officer. 

*Moss LeRoy O First Lieut R. F. D. 1, Laramie, Wye. 

Battery Officer. 

Whitwell, Sturgis B First Lieut. .98 Uni. Rd, Brookline, Mass. 

Battery Officer. 
See 3rd Battalion Staff 

Warren, Frank B First Lieutenant Pawpaw. Ill 

Battery Officer. 

*Echternach, Albert V Second Lieutenant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Battery Officer, 
See Headquarters Company 

*Evans, Wilfred Second Lieutenant El Paso, Texas 

Battery Officer. 

Foster, Reginald Second Lieutenant Boston, Mass. 

Battery Officer. 

♦Garner, William C Second Lieutenant Unknown 

Battery Officer. 

♦Jackson, Thomas B Second Lieutenant Charleston, W. Va. 

Battery Officer. 

*Lee, Robert E Second Lieutenant Thermopolis, Wyo. 

Battery Officer. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

♦Martin, Lemuel E Second Lieutenant Sheridan, Wyo. 

Battery Officer. 
See 3rd Battalion Staff 

♦Maury, Dabney H Second Lieutenant Washington, D. C. 

Battery Officer. 

Raffety, Charles E Second Lieutenant. . .Sylvan Grove, Kans. 

Battery Officer. 

White, Marion J Second Lieutenant 

Battery Officer. 

♦Bacon, Welles C Second Lieutenant Rochester, N. Y. 

Battery Officer. 
See Supply Company 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
** Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from Wounds, Disease or Accident. 



HiSTUKY OF ()<>TI[ Fli:i-I» AUTILLKRV BRIGADE 343 

ENLISTED MEN 
Battery "F" 148th Field Artillery. 

♦Lewis, Charles E First Sergeant Powell. Wyo. 

♦McCoun, Herbert D First Sergeant Lander, Wyo. 

♦Daniels, Earl M Mess Sergeant Worland, Wyo. 

♦Willis, Andrew W Supply Sergeant Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Ackerman, Ollie Sergeant Morris, Okla. 

* Asay, Lyle Sergeant Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Broderson, Frank D Sergeant Powell, Wyo. 

♦Chinn, George A Sergeant Kansas City, Mo. 

♦Clark, Verne E Sergeant Powell. Wyo. 

Devine, Andrew C Sergeant Winnipeg, Canada 

♦Evert. Edwin J Sergeant Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Hathaway. Everett N Sergeant Powell, Wyo. 

♦Johnson, Theodore Sergeant Lander, Wyo. 

♦Johnson. Oscar A Sergeant Powell, Wyo. 

♦♦Moses, John F Sergeant Powell, Wyo. 

♦♦O'Brien, Timothy Sergeant Powell, Wyo. 

♦Priest, Charles E Sergeant Kalispell, Mont. 

Schindler, Albert Sergeant Dorchester. Minn. 

♦Sowards. Lloyd B Sergeant Powell, Wyo. 

Vohl, Otto Sergeant New York City 

♦Adams, Charles E Corporal Malta Bend, Mo. 

♦Betz, Roy R Corporal Lima, Ohio 

♦♦Bay, James E Corporal Worland, Wyo. 

♦Bradford, Ralph E Corporal Powell, Wyo. 

♦♦Brownell. Emory A Corporal Powell, Wyo. 

♦Burke, Jesse P Corporal Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Christensen, John F Corporal Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Cox, Lloyd H Corporal Powell,' Wyo. 

♦Ferrell. William A Corporal Worland, Wyo. 

♦Gill, Horace J Corporal Treybrid.ge, ill. 

♦Gustafson. Henry A Corporal Powell, Wyo. 

♦Hall, William H Corj^oral Powell, Wyo. 

♦Haden, Albert H Corporal 

♦Hintz, Roy Corporal 

♦Irwin, Raymond W Corporal Casper. Wyo. 

♦Jobe, Lee Corporal Morewood, Okla. 

♦Johnson. Palmer Corporal Basin, Wyo. 

♦Lewis, Henry O Corporal Basin, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Maxwell. Everett W Corporal Lovell, Wyo. 

♦♦Maxwell, John A Corporal Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Morgan, Noel G Corporal Worland, Wyo. 

♦Owen. Fayo F Corporal Basin, Wyo. 

♦Patterson, Arthur V Corporal Basin, Wyo. 

♦Payton. Willis J Corporal Powell, Wyo. 

♦Resier, Arthur E Corporal Milwaukee, Wis. 

Sernechia. Joseph Corporal South Chelmsford, Mass. 

♦Thaxton, Lige Corporal Lovell, Wyo. 

♦I'tterback, Chas Corporal Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Vermillion. Lloyd L Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Westover, Ernest W Cori)oral Lynnfield Center, Mass. 

Wilburn, Hobert Corporal Pulaski, Tenn. 

♦♦Wilckens. George Corporal Abraham, Utah 

♦Williams, Lloyd A Corporal Powell. Wyo. 

♦Christofferson, Marse. .'. . .Chief Mechanic Powell, Wyo. 

♦Lambertson, Glenn M Chief Mechanic Powell. AVyo. 

♦Burns, Norman Cook Bemidji, Minn. 

♦Gardner, Berry Cook Mendenhall, Miss. 

♦Stevens, Amnion G Cook Blanding, Utah 

♦Wood, Francis M Cook Lovell, Wyo. 



344 HisroKY of (IGtii Fii:li» Aktillery Brigade 

*Campbell, Thomas Mechanic Tipperary, Wyo. 

*Hebble, Edward C Mechanic Worland, Wyo. 

Hughes, Clinton G Mechanic Madison, lud. 

*Tuttle, Neal Mechanic Basin, Wyo. 

♦Miller, John W Saddler Worland, Wyo. 

♦Anderson, Albert B Wagoner Lewiston, Mont. 

♦Anderson, Rupert Wagoner Basin, Wyo. 

♦Anderson. Thomas L Wagoner Burnt Fork, Wyo. 

♦Barkley, Samuel Wagoner Powell, Wyo. 

♦Brown, Morris S Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Christensen, Peter B Wagoner Provo, Utah 

♦Chrust, Gustav C Wagoner Lander, Wyo. 

♦Clark. George R Wagoner Santa Clara, Utah 

*Cox, Le Roy H Wagoner Provo, Utah 

♦Distantoni, Joseph F Wagoner San Francisco, Calif. 

Denton, Isom Wagoner Kentucky 

♦Eyre, Leonard Wagoner Powell, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Galbraith, Melvin Wagoner Blanding, Utah 

♦Groshart, Jay A Wagoner Worland, Wyo. 

♦Hampton, Gene W Wagoner Worland, Wyo. 

♦Hatcher, Tver H Wagoner South Tacoma, Wash. 

♦Heasler, John W Wagoner Powell, Wyo. 

*Kems, Prank Wagoner Basin, Wyo. 

♦Miller, Clay H Wagoner Powell, Wyo. 

♦Nelson, Glen Wagoner Treasureton, Idaho 

♦Nelson, Harry Wagoner Powell, Wyo. 

♦Nelson, Wilse A Wagoner Draper, Utah 

♦Olgeri, Cesare Wagoner Moss Beach, Calif. 

♦Peterson, Clarence Wagoner Garland, Wyo. 

♦Standard, Carl Wagoner Adair, 111. 

Farlow, Scott Bugler Lander, Wyo. 

♦Smith, Dwyer F Bugler 

♦ Vaterlaus, Jess W Bugler Cowley, Wyo. 

♦Arundel, Timothy Private First Class Casper, Wyo. 

♦Asay, Kenneth B Private First Class Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Baird, Robert D Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 

♦Becker, George Private First Class Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Chadburn, George A Private First Class Santa Clara, Utah 

♦Dallo, James Private First Class. . . .Great Falls, Mont. 

♦Dahl, Clarence W Private First Class. . . .Great Falls, Mont. 

♦Deason, Clarence W Private First Class Powell, Wyo. 

♦Dobson, Joseph B Private First Class Detroit, Mich. 

♦Evans, Elmer E Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 

♦Garner, William L Private First Class Lander, Wyo. 

♦Gordon, Charles Private First Class Monroe City, Mo. 

♦Gunn, Percy L Private First Class Basin, Wyo. 

♦Hall, Harry D Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 

♦Hancock, James L Private First Class Lander. Wyo. 

♦Hardman, Don V Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 

♦Hartman, Carl V Private First Class Basin, Wyo. 

♦Haynes, Sumner Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 

♦Hunt, Bennie Private First Class Mt. Emmons, Utah 

♦Jacobs, William L Private First Class Tensleep, Wyo. 

♦Jones, Paul Private First Class Powell, Wyo. 

♦Jorgensen, Lester Private First Class Blanding, Utah 

♦Kaminsky, Fritz Private First Class Sacramento, Calif. 

♦Lafont, Louis M Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 

♦Lane, John W Private First Class Lander, Wyo. 

♦Lang, Martin Private First Class. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

♦Larson, Alfred Private First Class Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Leighty, Fayne Private First Class Basin, Wyo. 

♦Ludlow, Marion G Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 



HisroUV OK (idlll FlKI.D AUTII.I.KKV HlMcJAUK 845 

♦Mandos, Paul A Private First Class Sunnyside, Utah 

♦Martin, Oliver P Private First Class Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Moosnian, David D Private First Class Vernal, Utah 

♦Morton, Wesley C Private First Class. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

♦Capital, Peter Private First Class Nafton, Utah 

♦Pickle, Walter R Private First Class Powell, Wyo. 

♦Reed, Earl A Private First Class Basin, Wyo. 

♦Romee, Anton Private First Class Billings, Mont. 

♦Runnerls, Harry H Private First Class Basin, Wyo. 

♦Ryan, Timothy F Private First Class. . . .Minneapolis, Minn. 

♦Scavero, Tonio Private First Class Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Shumway, Charles N Private First Class Natirk, R. I. 

♦Simmons, William H Private F'irst Class Penrose, Wyo. 

♦Skillman, Nelson Private First Class Crowley, Wyo. 

♦Stewart, Andrew Private First Class.. .Redwood City, Calif. 

♦Tnlliferro, Ed Private First Class Augusta, Kans. 

♦Taylor, Levi Private First Class Moab, Utah 

♦Townsend, Eugene L Private First Class Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Weary, Earl V Private First Class Garland, Wyo. 

♦Welch, Frederick A Private First Class Crowley, Wyo. 

♦Wester, Charles O Private First Class. .San Francisco, Calif. 

♦Whitehead, Glen E Private First Class Worland, Wyo. 

♦Wilder, Thomas B Private First Class Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Winter, Alwin G Private First Class Oakland, Calif. 

♦Wood, Earl M Private First Class. .Salt Lake City, Utah 

Wright, Lincoln O Private First Class 

♦♦Aicaguerre, John Private Price, Utah 

♦Allensworth, Roy Private Dennistown. Ohio 

♦Arnoldus, Carl Private Lovell, Wyo. 

♦ Asay, James L Private Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Averett, Glen Private Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Baker, Alfred A Private Cowley, Wyo. 

♦Barney, Mortimer Private Powell, Wyo. 

Bernard, Vincent Private Worland, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Blackburn, Lafayette Private Penrose, Wyo. 

♦Brown. Joseph Private Pittsburg, Kans. 

♦♦Buchignani, Angelo Private Hillsburg, Calif. 

♦Brown, Arthur Private 

♦Bowler, Wilbur A Private 

Calabrese, Sebastian Private, 172 Thompson St., New York City 

♦Chapman, Robert H Private San Mateo, Calif. 

♦Cobert. Andrew Private Angold, Ind. 

♦Cooper, Vincil Private Sheldon, Mo. 

♦Dean. Robert W Private Worland, Wyo. 

♦Elmer, Ernest H Private Lovell, Wyo. 

♦English, John N Private Penrose, Wyo. 

♦Fanello, Dominlck Private Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦Fleury, John Private Lovell, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Foy, James W Private 

♦Gardner, William Private Worland. Wyo. 

♦Garson. William E Private Powell. Wyo. 

♦Gerdano, Jerry Private Cheyenne, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Gray, Wallace Private Santa Clara, Utah 

♦Haldin, Gus Pj-ivate Eureka, Utah 

♦Hampton, Lee Private Lafayette, Ga. 

♦Hartman. Alvin H Private Lovell, Wyo. 

♦Hatcher, James Private Chancellor, Ala. 

♦Henry, Otto Private Powell, Wyo. 

♦Hobbs, Marshall M Private Dublin, Ga. 

♦Horrell, Oscar Private Willard. N. C. 

♦Hyde, Ray L Private Monticella, Utah 

James. Walter Private Englewood, N. J. 



34(5 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

♦Johnson, Carl Private Basin, Wyo. 

* Johnson, Herman C Private Pittsburg, Mo. 

*Kelly, James F Private Ashluiin, 111. 

*Klikas, Nick Private R. F. D. 685, Garfield, Utah 

*Lager, Albert E Private Powell, Wyo. 

*Lanier, Dennis Private 

*Leuffer, Yena L Private Worland, Wyo. 

*LeBlanc, Willis Private St. Mary's, Wis. 

*Lopez, Arthur Private Phoenix, Ariz. 

*Love, William Private Rork, S. C. 

McKinnon, Ralph E Private Powell, Wyo. 

*Menshik, Emil F Private South Omaha, Neb. 

*Mikkelson, Morton T Private Powell, Wyo. 

*Morrow, Vernon Private Lewiston, Mont. 

*Mucklow, Bert Private Powell, Wyo. 

*Murphy, Chas Private 

**Murphy, John J Private... .Harris Villa, Fritzington, Eng. 

(Awarded D. S. C. ) 

*Nick, John H Private Myton, Utah 

*Pelargus, Edward L Private 

Perkins, Alfred H Private Chelsea, Mass. 

Perry, Percy Private Powell, Wyo. 

*Pierson, Charles G Private Gilead, Neb. 

*Pirie, Edwin J Private Lewistown, Mont. 

*Price, Frank Private Bremen, Ind. 

*Purtilar, George Private Shelby, Mont. 

*Razzano, Emilio Private Oakland, Calif. 

*Rhodes, Arthur F Private Worland, Wyo. 

*Rich. Merriman Private Sever Springs, N. C. 

*Richie, Mike Private Powell, Wyo. 

**Romee, John G Private Billings, Mont. 

**Rose, Adolph Private Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Scoboria, Glendon Private 

**Smith, Francis L Private Wheatland, Wyo. 

* Smith, Frank Private Flatwillow, Mont. 

*Sommerville, John Private Minneapolis, Minn. 

♦Spambanado, Peter Private New Haven, Conn. 

*Stroud, Eddie Private R. F. D. 3, Eldorado, Kans. 

Sullivan, Arthur Private 321 Park St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

*Suseland, Harold R Private Plymouth, Ind. 

**Thomas, James Private 

*Townsend, Chas Private Winnipeg, Canada 

*Van Benthuysen, Orvey. . .Private Butler, Iowa 

*Walling, Frank Private Rock Springs, Wyo. 

* Walker, Dale C Private Price, Utah 

*Watkins, Erasmus Private Whiteville. N. C. 

* Welsh, Cameron C Private Basin, Wyo. 

Whitehead, George B Private 

*Wilcox, John W Private Cowley. Wyo. 

Wilson, Robert W Private Cambridge, Mass. 

Winders, Walter Private Atlantic, Iowa 

Wojiecehowski, Peter Private 12 Florence St., Detroit, Mich. 

*Wood, Lester R Private Lovell, Wyo. 

Woodruff, Wm. A Private Bayonne, N. J. 

* Young, Leonard A Private Tipperary, Colo. 

Zuk, Wisl Private Passaic, N. J. 



History of iWrii Fiklh Akthj.kry Brigade 347 

SUPPLY COMPANY 

148th Field Artillery. 

Nelson. F. B Captain Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Conimanding, R. S. 0. 
See Battery E 

*Mag,iiire, T. H Captain Portland. Ore. 

Commanding. R. S. O. 
See Regimental Staff and Battery F 

*Linstad, 0. B . . Captain Pierre, S. D. 

Commanding. R. S. O. 
See Brigade Headquarters 

*Mentzer, R. S. . . . ! First Lieutenant Cheyenne, Wyo. 

S. O. Third Battalion. 
See Batteiy K 

Spell, M. H First Lieutenant Pendleton, Ore. 

In Charge Ordnance Materiel Supplies. 

*Carron. R. E First Lieutenant Rock Springs. \Vyo. 

S. O. Second Battalion. 
See Battei-y I) 

***McCleverty, J. A Second Lieutenant Portland. Ore. 

Q. M. Supplies. 
See Headquarters Comi)an>- 

Doolittle, H. A Second Lieutenant Portlanil. Ore. 

Q. M. Supplies. 
See Headquai-ters Conipan.\- 

Fisher, C. D Second Lieutenant New Y'ork. N. Y. 

In Charge of Fuel, Gas. Etc. 
See Supply Company 

*Potter, R. F Second Lieutenant Ladysmith. ^Vis. 

S. O. First Battalion — In Charge Q. M. and Supply. 
See 1st Battalion Staff 

Bacon. Wells Second Lieutenant Rochester, N. Y. 

In Charge of Rations Supplies. 
See Battery F 

Murdoch, J. D Second Lieutenant Florida 

Mechanical Officer— Fuel, Gas, Etc.— Supply. 

*Conover. W. D Second Lieutenant Florida 

S. O. Second Battalion.— In Charge of Fuel, Gas, Etc.— Supply 

** Stober, Louis B Second Lieutenant Denver, Colo. 

See Battery V, 

ENLISTED MEN OF SUPPLY' COMPANY 

148th Field Artillery. 

♦Squires, Frank W Regtl. Supply Sgt... .Salt Lake City, Utah 

Barnes. Clarence M Regtl. Supply Sergeant Wyoming 

*Chelson. William L Regtl. Sui)i)ly Sergeant Oakland, Calif. 

*Murphy, Timothy L Regtl. Supi)ly Sergeant Portland. Ore. 

Pearson. Paul Regtl. Supply Sergeant Wyoming 

Voltz. Radcliff Regtl. Supply Sergeant Wyoming 

Wilson. William C Regtl. Sui)i)ly Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Weisendanger. Edward G. ..First Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

Chaney, John Sergeant Wyoming 

Eshom, Robert E Sergeant Wyoming 

♦Geer. Henry C Sergeant Burns. Ore. 

*Gehrett, Bruce H . .Sergeant Portland. Ore. 

Graham. Charles C Sergeant Wyoming 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
**Wounded in Action. 
***Killed in Action or Died from Wotinds, Disease, or Accident. 



348 HisTouv OF G6th Field Artillery Brigade 

Greif, Charles A Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

*Ironside, John M Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

*Lilley, Walter H Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

Piirdy, Bruce H Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

Smith, Dwyer F Sergeant Wyoming 

*Berdan, Charles E Corporal Tracy, Minn. 

*Griswold, Paul Corporal Perry, Iowa 

*Loney, George C Corporal Portland, Ore. 

*Tatham, Frank S Corporal Portland, Ore. 

Walker, C. Jay Corporal Portland, Ore. 

*Anderson, David F Mechanic Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Firnges, William C Mechanic Manville, Wyo. 

Hubler, Howard Ij Mechanic Wyoming 

Nelson, James L Mechanic Wyoming 

*Nelson, Oscar Mechanic Laporte, Ind. 

*Southard, Frank R Mechanic Burchard, Neb. 

*Walborn, Clay E Mechanic Portland, Ore. 

Armer, Robert .Horseshoer Wyoming 

Martin, Thomas F Horseshoei' Portland, Ore. 

Williamson, Harold Horseshoer Portland, Ore. 

*Blair, Cyrus C Cook Lusk, Wyo. 

*Green, Wells W Cook Casper, Wyo. 

*Hanselman, George A Cook Cheyenne. Wyo. 

* Johnson, Frank E Cook Powell, Wyo. 

*Smith, George H Coolv Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Teague, Osburn Cook Clarmont, Wyo. 

Young, George Cook Wyoming 

* Allen, Robert Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

Andrews, Jesse Wagoner Burns, Ore. 

*Campbell, Dudley A Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

*Castle, Alfred Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Clark, Donald W Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

*C]uff, Owen Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Conley, Raymond J Wagoner Harve, Mont. 

*Cowherd, William W Wagoner Madras, Ore. 

Davis, Lewis G Wagoner Wyoming 

Falstrom, Hjalmer Wagoner Wyoming 

*Fertig, Charles F Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

♦Herbert, Charles E Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

*Holt, Chester R Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

*Hulett, Albert Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

Jeffers, Lester F Wagoner Wyoming 

Kidder, Otis Wagoner Wyoming 

Kile, Charles Wagoner Wyoming 

Kile, Lester L Wagoner Wyoming 

Kongle, George Wagoner Wyoming 

*Kremer, Edward J .Wagoner Cheyenne, Wyo. 

*Lawton, George Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

*Luke, Clifford T Wagoner Newberg, Ore. 

*Magee, Ray Wagoner Madras, Ore. 

Miller, Paul C Wagoner Wyoming 

Mott, Fred R Wagoner Wyoming 

*McLernon, John Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

*Newman, Walter C Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

*Nielson, Raymond Wagoner Elsinore, Utah 

Overman, Charles H Wagoner Wyoming 

Pattee, Keeley Wagoner Wyoming 

Patton, Ralph W Wagoner Wyoming 

*Pearson, Kenneth M Wagoner Eureka, Utah 

Pollick, William Wagoner Wyoming 

Porter, John D Wagoner Salt Lake City, Utah 

*Pursel, Earl Wagoner Lingle, Wyo. 



History of <»«)TH Fiki.d Auiii.i.kkv Bki(;ai)E 340 

*Ramsdell, Richard S Wagoner Portland, Ore. 

♦Regenold, Melvin M Wagoner Americus, Kans. 

Ross, Carl F Wagoner Wyoming 

♦Shell, George Wagoner Newcastle, Wyo. 

Snyder, Oscar B Wagoner Wyoming 

♦Thomas, Leland S Wagoner Scofieui, Utah 

♦Wilcox, Glenn E Wagoner Clearfield, Utah 

Benedict, Alvin Private First Class Wyoming 

Boulanger, Max L Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Brown, William S Private First Class Sheridan, Ore. 

♦Buzbee, Sterling A Private First Class Tampa, Fla. 

Collins, Jim B Private First Class Wyoming 

♦Dalakonras, Frank Private First Class. . .Rock Springs, Wyo. 

♦♦♦Farquhar, John Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦German, Charles Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Greenwood, Clyde D Private First Class Wyoming 

Hays. Frank R Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Howe, Henry D Private First Class Wyoming 

♦Johnson, Norman H Private First Class Iowa 

♦Jorgenson, Thomas Private First Class. .Caucus Prairie, Mont. 

Kriever, Arthur Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Lent, Henry A Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Martin, Richard Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Lovinsky. John Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

McDaniel. Homer R Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Murphy, Edward J Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Pardew, Avery Private First Class Ft. Collins, Colo. 

♦Phillip. Samuel L Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦Peterson, Hammer E Private First Class Richfield, Utah 

♦Poholos, Andrew S Private First Class. . . .Kansas City, Kan. 

Randolph, Jesse E Private First Class Wyoming 

Suffield, Harry D Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Wallin. Leonard Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

Anderson, John B Private Portland. Ore. 

♦Arnoldi, John Private Helena, Mont. 

♦Bafaro, Tony Private St. I^ouis, Mo. 

Belfield. Albert E Private Portland, Ore. 

Bowers, Charles Private Wyoming 

♦Bryan, Monroe Private Hortense, Ga. 

Carlson, Benj. H Private Wyoming 

Compton. Arden A Private Wyoming 

♦Cook, Thomas H Private Salt Lake City, Utah 

Crane, Wilson B Private Portland, Ore. 

Day, Cecil A Private Wyoming 

Dean, McDonald S Private Wyoming 

♦Durnin, Owen P Private Dover, N. H. 

♦Ellerman, J. J Private Clyde, Mo. 

England, Elmer H Private Portland. Ore. 

Evans, Eddie E Private Portland. Ore. 

♦Griflin. Harry Private Portland. Ore. 

Hegwer, Leonard E Private Portland, Ore. 

Heilig, John K Private Portland, Ore. 

Henricksen. Roy .Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Holmberg. Peter H. E Private Enterprise, Ore. 

♦Hooi)er. Samuel M Private Anabella, Utah 

♦Huckeba, Stanley Private Georgia 

♦Isom. Tom .Private Willow. Okla. 

♦ Jensick. Fred P Private Colorado 

♦Keers. Louis H Private Portland. Ore. 

♦Kemp, William C Private Boise, Idaho 

♦Kilpack, Albert Private Pleasant Green, Utah 

King. Everett E Private Portland. Ore. 



350 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

Kirby, Willie Private Oregon 

Kirk, James G Private Portland, Ore. 

Kuch, Harry Private Portland, Ore. 

*Leabo, Karl B Private Portland, Ore. 

Leahy, John L Private Montana 

Lesisi, Robert Private Wyoming 

■ *Littlefield, Robert H Private Portland, Ore. 

Lobdell, Harvey S Private Portland, Ore. 

Mansfield, Chester Private Wyoming 

Mark, Ray Private Sheridan, Ore. 

Mikesell, Reginald Private Portland, Ore. 

Miller, Joseph Private Seattle, Wash. 

*Morgan, Howell P Private Pueblo, Colo. 

*McBride, Perl E Private Watonga, Okla. 

♦McDonald, Angus Private Salina, Utah 

*McCain, Roy Private San Francisco,' Calif. 

McPhail, George P Private Wyoming 

***01sen, Leander E Private Utah 

♦Phillips, Grover O Private Rozet, Mont. 

*Pierce, Henry O Private Farmington. Utah 

**Purdon, Cornelius Private Portland, Ore. 

Ramer, Samuel Private ; Utah 

*Rhinesmith, Albert Private St. Regis, Mont. 

Salm, Irwin Private Portland, Ore. 

Saucy, Paul Private Portland, Ore. 

*Sinnard, James E Private Colorado 

Steele, Roy R Private Portland, Ore. 

♦Storms, Oliver R Private Whitetail, Mont. 

♦Taddie, Foresto Private Ogden. Utah 

Towle, Edward A Private Wyoming 

Tuff ord, John L Private Portland. Ore. 

Van Cott, Gabriel .Private New York City 

* Van Fleet, Donald D Private Portland, Ore. 

Watcher, Andrew W Private Lacona, Iowa 

*Wesa, Emil Private Ironwood. Mich. 

Wiley, Thomas H Private Portland, Ore. 

Worrell, Lester E Private Portland, Ore. 



(¥> ^A 





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History of 66tii Field Artillery Kkigade ;>•")! 

ORDNANCE DETACHMENT 

148 Field Artillery. 
♦Stearns. Theodore L First Lieutenant Los Angeles, Calif. 

ENLISTED MEN ORDNANCE DETACHMENT 

148th Field Artillery. 

*Eshom, Robert E Ordnance Sergeant Cheyenne. Wyo. 

*Hays, Frank R Ordnance Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

*Mckay, Elmer O Ordnance Sergeant Clieyenne, Wyo. 

♦SutReld, Harry D •. .Ordnance Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

*Winship. George Ordnance Sergeant Athena, Ore. 

*Bergold, Murray Sergeant Brooklyn, N. Y. 

♦German, Charles A Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Graham, Charles C Sergeant Cheyenne. Wyo. 

♦♦♦McDaniel, Homer R Sergeant Portland, Ore. 

♦Boulanger, Max L Corporal Portland. Ore. 

Davis, Lewis G Corporal Denver, Colo. 

♦Evans. Eddie E Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Kelly. Vernon R Corporal Butte, Mont. 

♦♦King, Everett E Corporal Portland, Ore. 

♦Ramer, Samuel L Corporal Davis Creek, Calif. 

♦Simrock. Joseph Corporal Sheridan, Wyo. 

♦Henderson, Edward Private First Class Bloomfield, N. J. 

♦Manley, Rowland Private First Class Chicago, 111. 

♦Miller, Charles H Private First Class Buffalo. N. Y. 

♦Miller, Joseph Private First Class Seattle, Wash. 

♦Rush. Frank J Private First Class Adena, Ohio 

♦Tufford, John I Private First Class Portland, Ore. 

♦William, James A Private First Class Salem, W. Va. 

♦Colburn, Roy E Private Hamlin, N. Y. 

♦Coleman, John Private Pendleton, Ore. 

♦England. Elmer H Private Osewatama, Kans. 

♦Hipps, Oscar L Private Bethel Springs, Tenn. 

♦Jones, Arthur W Private Portland. Ore. 

♦Mikesell, Reginald Private Brush Prairie, Wash. 

O'Toole, Samuel Private New Bedford, Mass. 

♦Roth, Gustav Private New York City 

♦Reppert, Clarence A Private EfRngton, W. Va. 

♦White. Walter .Private Tampico. 111. 

♦Worrell, Lester E Private Portland. Ore. 



♦Served with Brigade at Front. 
♦♦Wounded in Action. 
♦♦♦Killed in Action or Died from W^ounds, Disease, or Accident. 



Casualties 



KILLED IN ACTION. 



Second Lieutenant- 
John Kirkpatrick. 



Bat. B, 148 FA. 



Sergeant Major — 
Kenneth H. Brown. 



Sergeants — 
Grant M. Barber. 



..Hq. Co. 146 FA. 



• Bat. E, 148 FA. 



George E. Mitchell. . . 
Homer H. McDaniel. 



, ..Bat. E, 148 FA. 
.Ord. Det. 148FA. 



Corporals — 

Arthur W. Lewis Bat. F, 146 FA . 

Clarence F. Holland Bat. C, 146 FA. 

John M. Fouste Bat. D, 146 FA . 

Everett W. Maxwell Bat. F, 148 FA 

Wagoners — 

Melvin Galbraith Bat. F, 148 FA . 

Reuben Lawlor Bat. E, 146 FA. 

Mechanics — 

Tom Grimes Bat. A, 146 FA . 

Bugler — 

Angelos Poulos Bat. C, 148 FA. 

Privates First Class — 

Carl E. Ross Bat. F, 146 FA. 

Conrad Hoff Bat. D, 146 FA. 

Edward H. Bitzer Bat. E, 148 FA . 

Frank A. Imbler Bat. E, 148 FA . 



, By high explosive shell east of 
Stenay while on reconnais- 
sance, Nov. 11, 1918, at 10:15 
A. M. 

. By very large H. E. shell 
while on duty at 2nd Bn. P. 
C. at Romagne, France, 
Nov. 1, 1918. 

. By H. E. shell while at obser- 
vation post, three kilome- 
ters south of Chateau-Thier- 
ry, July 15, 1918. 

. By H. E. shell while near 
guns at Chery-Chartreuve, 
France, Aug. 5, 1918. 

. By H. E. shell while sleeping 
at Malancourt, France, Oct. 
12, 1918. 

• From gas received while serv- 

ing piece at Cuisy, France, 
Oct. 9, 1918. 

• By H. E. shell while serving 

piece at Cunel, France, Oct. 
26, 1918. 

• By H. E. shell while off duty 

and asleep at Cuisy, France, 
Oct. 6, 1918. 

• By H. E. shell while serving 

piece at Nantillois, France, 
Oct. 18, 1918. 

•By H. E. shell while on duty 
at P. C. at Cuisy, France, 
Oct. 5. 1918. 

• By H. E. shell while serving 

on ammunition train at 
Malancourt, France, Oct. 4, 
1918. 

• By H. E. shell at Lhuys, 

France, Sept. 10, 1918. 

. By H. E. shell near Chery- 
Chartreuve, France, while 
serving piece, Aug. 11, 1918. 

.By H. E. shell while repairing 
telephone line at Cuisy, 
France, Oct. 8, 1918. 

. By explosion of piece at 
Epieds, France, July 28, 
1918. 

. By H. E. shell while near 
guns at Chery-Chartreuve, 
France, Aug. 5, 1918. 

. By H. E. shell at Chery-Char- 
treuve, France, Aug. 5, 1918. 



Hyrum A. Perry Bat. E, 148 FA. . . 

Gerald A. Malarkey Bat. C, 148 FA. . . 

John L. Leahy Bat. C, 148 FA. . . 

Charles L. Conry Bat. A, 148 FA. . . 

Privates — 

Frank J. Starr Med. Det. 146 FA. 

William D. Martin Bat. C^ 146 FA . . . 

Charles W. Wisthoff Bat. C, 146 FA. . . 

Charles Burckle Bat. A. 146 FA . . . 

Ivan Broikovich Bat. E. 146 FA. . . 

Frank C. Parks Bat. F, 146 FA. . . 

Walter L. Smith Bat. F, 146 FA . . . 

Santo J. Austin Bat. D, 146 FA . . . 

William F. Pittinger.. . .Bat. D, 146 FA. . . 

John H. Pitts Bat. D, 146 FA. . . 

Arthur J. Rood Bat. D, 146 FA. . . 

Joseph Dolio Bat. E, 148 FA. . . 

William H. Warden Bat. C. 148 FA. . . 

Archie C. Stannard Bat. D, 148 FA. . . 

James M. Webster Bat. D, 148 FA. . . 

Wallace Gray Bat. F, 148 FA . . . 



By H. E. shell while at 
piece at Chery-Chartreuve, 
France, Aug. 5, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while at 
piece at Chery-Chartreuve, 
France, Aug. 11, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while sleeping 
at Nantillois, France, Oct. 8, 
1918. 

By H. E. shell while on duty 
at piece near Cuisy, France, 
Oct. 10, 1918. 

By H. E. shell at Romagne, 
France, while on duty at 
aid station, Oct. 31, 1918. 

By H. E. shell at Epieds, 
France, July 26, 1918. 

By H. E. shell at Epieds, 
France, July 26, 1918. 

By H. E. shell at Lhuys, 
France, while serving piece. 
Aug. 8, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while serving 
piece at Cuisy, France, Oct. 
8, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while serving 
piece at Nantillois, France, 
Oct. 22, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while on guard 
at piece at Nantillois, 
France, Oct. 11, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while search- 
ing for wounded at Ro- 
magne, France, Oct. 31, 
1918. 

By explosion of piece at 
Epieds, France, July 28, 
1918. 

By H. E. shell while sleeping 
at Cuisy, France, Oct. 6, 
1918. 

By explosion of piece at 
Epieds, France, July 24, 
1918. 

By H. E. shell while near 
piece at Chery-Chartreuve, 
France, Aug. 11, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while on duty 
at piece at Chery-Char- 
treuve, France, Aug. 11, 
1918. 

By H. E. shell while sleep- 
ing at Chery-Chartreuve. 
France, Aug. 11, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while sleep- 
ing at Chery-Chartreuve, 
France. Aug. 11, 1918. 

By H. E. shell while serving 
piece at Cuisy, France, Oct. 
7, 1918. 



356 History of GGth Field Artillery Brigade 

MISSING. 
Private First Class — 
Emile C. Gourdeau Bat. E, 146 FA. . .Malancourt, France, Oct. 4, 

1918. 
WOUNDED. 
Major- 
Victor W. Hungerford. .2nd Bn. 148 FA. .. Nantillois, France, Oct. 15, 

1918. 
Captain — 
William N. Day Bat. F, 146 FA. .. Nantillois, France, Nov. 1, 

1918. 
Second Lieutenant — 
Paul E. Baur Bat. F, 146 FA. . .Nantillois, France, Nov. 1, 

1918. 
Harold J. Guernsey Bat. A, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 6, 1918. (Gassed.) 
Regimental Supply Seigeant— 

John H. Pennington Sup. Co. 148 FA. . T^huys, France, Aug. 11, 1918. 

First Sergeants — 

Jack D. Davis Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Viffort, France, July 15, 1918. 

(Gassed.) 
Arthur J. Cronquist Bat. E, 148 FA. .. Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 

Ray V. Racicot Bat. C, 146 FA. . . Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918 

Frank R. Bigler Bat. D, 146 FA. . . Cuisy, France, Oct. 6, 1918. 

Stanley Nevin Bat. D, 146 FA. . .Cuisy, France, Oct. 6, 1918. 

Stanley Nevin Bat. D, 146 FA . . . Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Robert S. Striefling Bat. D, 146 FA ... Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 

Bruce Whitney Bat. D, 146 FA. . . Epieds, France, July 28, 1918. 

Lewald J Cramer Bat. F, 146 FA. . . Le Thiolet, France, July 26, 

1918. 
Charles W. McCarty Bat. F, 146 FA. . . Le Thiolet, France, July 26, 

1918. 
Earl E. Stewart Brig. Hq. Det. . .Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 12, 1918. 

Earl L. Hall Bat. B, 146 FA. . . Lhuys, France, Aug. 8, 1918. 

Mack W. Snyder Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 
Louis J Schnell Bat. C, 148 FA . . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 

John Moses Bat. F. 148 FA. . . Flirey, France, Sept. 14, 1918. 

Edmund G. Green Bat. D, 148 FA ..Nantillois, France, Oct. 10, 

1918. 
John P Trader Med. Det. 148 FA. Malancourt, France, Oct. 12, 

1918. 
Timothy O'Brien Bat. F, 148 FA . . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Corporals — 

Emmett Newcomer Bat. A, 146 FA. .. Lhuys. France, Aug. 8, 1918. 

Rodney C. Stovall Bat. F, 146 FA . . . Nantillois. France, Oct. 11, 

1918. 
Oterbein Meador Bat. D, 146 FA . . . Romagne. France. Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Robert S. McAninch Bat. D, 146 FA ... Romagne, France, Oct. 30, 

1918. 
Piatt H Parker Bat. D, 146 FA. .. Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Chris P Parsch Bat. D, 146 FA. .. Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

191S. 



History of (Khii Field Artii.i.icky IUugade 357 

Peter Burzych Bat. C, 146 FA. . . Cunel, France, Oct. 27. 1918. 

Melvin D. Patterson. . . .Bat. B, 146 FA. . . First position Chateau-Thierry 

front. July 18. 1918. 

Tony A. Rudert Bat. E, 146 FA. . . Cuisy. France, Oct. 7, 1918. 

Leonard C. Purkey Hq. Co. 148 FA. . . Chateau-Thierry, first posi- 
tion, July 16, 1918. 
Charles P. Chesson Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Auf?. 5, 1918. 

James E. Bay Bat. F. 148 FA . . . Aug. 1 6. 151 8. 

John Polio Bat. C, 148 FA. . . Nantillois. France, Oct. 10, 

1918. 
Jesse L. Linebaugh Bat. D, 148 FA. .. Nantillois. France, Nov. 5, 

1918. 
Willard C. Gill Brig. Hq. Det. .. Chery-Chartreuve, France. 

Aug. 12, 1918. 
Alva H. Emery Bat. E, 148 FA. . . First position Chateau-Thier- 
ry, France, July 15, 1918. 

( Gassed. ) 
Clarence Newman Bat. E. 148 FA . . . First position Chateau-Thier- 
ry. France, July 15, 1918. 

(Gassed.) 
George J. McGovern Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Foret de Tardenois. France, 

Aug. 1, 1918. 
Hubert K. Clay Bat. C. 148 FA. . .Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
Eric A. Johnson Bat. C, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
Leonard A. Pinard Hd. Co. 148 FA. . . Germonville, France. Sept. 24, 

1918. 

John Long Bat. A. 148 FA. . . Cuisy. France. Oct. 10, 1918. 

John Weiraers Bat. E, 148 FA. .. Nantillois. France. Oct. 19, 

1918. (Gassed.) 
Emory Brownell Bat. F, 148 FA . . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
John A. Maxwell Bat. F, 148 FA. .. Nantillois. France, Oct. 31. 

1918. 
George Q. Wilcken Bat. F, 148 FA. . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
John H. Anderson Hq. Co. 148 FA. . . Bethelaincourt, France. Oct. 

12, 1918. 
Willard S. Roberts Hq. Co. 148 FA. . . Madelaine Ferme. France, 

Nov. 3, 1918. 

Chief Mechanics- 
John C. Badgley Bat. C, 146 FA. . . Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918. 

James H. Adams Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 
Edward Stevens Bat. D, 148 FA. .. Nantillois. France, Oct. 11, 

1918. 

Cooks — 

Robert C. Daniels Bat. A, 146 FA. . . Chattancourt. France, Oct. 6, 

1918. 
Leroy O. Stelnke Bat. A, 146 FA. .. Chattancourt, France. Oct. 6. 

1918. 
Dante Martinelli Bat. C, 148 FA . . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
William E. White Bat. D, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
Mechanics — 

Peter Kier Bat. C, 146 FA. . .Cuisy. France, Oct. 3, 1918. 

Joe J. McCuan Bat. C, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 



358 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



Saddler — 

Frank L. Estes Bat. C, 148 FA . . . 

Wagoners — 

Henry C. Personious . . . .Hq. Co. 146 FA. . . 

Morrill D. Snyder Bat. F, 146 FA. . . 

Adam Fries Bat. D, 146 FA. . . 

Verner Mclntyre Bat. D, 146 FA . . . 

Arthur Jacobson Bat. C, 146 FA. . . 

William F. Polley Bat. C, 146 FA. . . 

Carl V Whidden Bat. C. 146 FA. . . 

Frank J. Young Bat. C. 146 FA. . . 

Henry J. Offerdal Bat. E, 146 FA. . . 

Andrew T. Flynn Sup. Co. 146 FA. . 

Buglers — 

Paul C. Simmons Bat. A, 146 FA. . . 

Paul A. Mills Bat. E, 146 FA. . . 

Baltis E. Allen Brig. Hq. Det. . . 

Robert Brown Bat. E, 148 FA. . . 

Privates First Class — 

Alvin L. Bearden Bat. A, 146 FA . . . 

Walter M. Conrady Bat. F. 146 FA. . . 

John H. Dunn Bat. F, 146 FA. . . 

Royal H. Eggert Bat. F, 146 FA. . . 

Robert L. Hamby Bat. F, 146 FA. . . 

Charles 0. Kile Bat. F, 146 FA . . . 

Charles L. Klinefelter. .Bat. F, 146 FA. . . 

Leon D. Osmer Bat. F, 146 FA. . . 

Raymond F. James Bat. D, 146 FA. . . 

Samuel G. Carruthers. .Hq. Co. 146 FA. . . 

Jean P. Maysounave. . . .Bat. D, 146 FA. . . 

William H. Marsh Bat. D, 146 FA. . . 

Charles A. Harper Bat. C, 146 FA. . . 

Howard A. Kent Bat. C, 146 FA. . . 

Leo O. Muschott Bat. C, 146 FA. . . 

Charles P. Rainey Bat. C, 146 FA . . . 

Lon Johnson Bat. C, 146 FA . . . 

Lawrence F. Schirmer. .Med. Det. 146FA. 

Paul Wickertsheimer . . . Bat. B, 1 46 FA. . . 
Clarence Grant Bat. B, 146 FA. . . 

Alex Lucas Bat. E, 146 FA. . . 

John W. Pattersen Bat. E, 146 FA. . , 



Chery-Chartreuve, France, 
Aug. 11, 1918. 

Romagne, France, Nov. 1, 

1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 14, 1918. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 27, 1918. 
Septsarges, France, Oct. 14, 

1918. 
Cunel, France, Oct. 27, 1918. 
Montigny, France, Nov. 9, 

1918. 
Villers-sur-Dun, France, Nov. 

8, 1918. 
Lhuys, France, Aug. 11, 1918. 

Lhuys, France, Aug. 7, 1918. 
Nantillois, France, Oct. 26, 

1918. 
Montfaucon, France, Nov. 1, 

1918. 
Viffort, France, July 15, 1918. 

(Gassed.) 

Cuisy, France, Oct. 23, 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 8, 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 8, 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 6, 1918. 
Nantillois, France, Oct. 13, 

1918. 
Nantillois, France, Oct. 11, 

1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 8, 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 8, 1918. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Romagne, France, Nov. 1, 

1918. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Cunel, France, Oct. 27, 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918. 
Cunel, France, Nov. 1, 1918. 

(Gassed.) 
Bethincourt, France, Oct. 22, 

1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 30, 1918. 
Montigny, France, Nov. 7, 

1918. 
Nantillois, France, Oct. 26, 

1918. 
Bois de Bonchamp, France, 

Sept. 15, 1918. 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



359 



Marian E. Waters Bat. E, 146 FA. . . 

James W. Wright Bat. E. 1 48 FA . . . 

Roy E. Dykes Bat. E, 148 FA . . . 

Carl H. Groth Bat. C, 148 FA . . . 

Jesse Pierce Bat. C, 148 FA . . . 

William Stanley Bat. C, 1 48 FA . . . 

Harry H. Horton Med. Det. 148 FA 

Arthur E. Starr Bat. E. 148 FA. . . 



John F. Eraser, Jr Bat B 

Bryan B. Turner Bat. A 

John J. Murphy Bat. F 

John Aicaguene Bat. F, 

Joseph D. Cordon Bat. C 

Privates — 

Winfred Barnes Bat. A 

Charles S. Corn Bat. A 

Frank S. Costa Bat. A 

Gerald M. Higgins Bat. A 

Cecil C. Kellogg Bat. A 

Gordon L. Stuart Bat A 

Albert Stockley Bat. A 

James C. Clark Bat. F 

Raymond Cox Bat. F 

Clarence Dougoud Bat. F 

Carl D. Edward Bat. F 

Jay D. Lockerby Bat. F 

Herman J. Marth Bat. F 

Samuel M. Mason Bat. F 

Albion W. Wilson Bat. F 

Harlan H. Hobbs Bat. D 

Leslie B. Howell Bat. D 

Tom O. Miller Bat. D 

Sylvester Small Bat. D 

Charles Starling Bat. D 

Ermal A. Tiller Bat. D 

James Wale Bat. D 



148 FA... 

148 FA... 

148 FA... 

148 FA... 
148 FA... 



146 FA... 
146 FA... 

146 FA... 
146 FA... 
146 FA... 
146 FA... 
146 FA. .. 
146 FA... 

146 FA... 
146 FA... 

146 FA... 
146 FA... 
146 FA... 
146 FA... 

146 FA. .. 
146 FA... 

146 FA... 
146 FA. .. 

146 FA... 

146 FA... 

146 FA... 
146 FA... 



Edis Burden Bat. C, 146 FA. 



Nantillois, France, Oct. 26, 

1918. 
Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

(Gassed.) 
Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 
Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11. 1918. 
Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
Malancourt, France. Oct. 12, 

1918. 
Malancourt, France. Oct. 13, 

1918. 
Madelaine Ferme, France, Oct. 

30, 1918. 
Nantillois, France, Oct. 30, 

1918. 
Nantillois. France. Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Viffort. France. July 14, 1918. 
Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 

Lhuys, France. Aug. 10, 1918. 
Chattancourt, France. Oct. 6. 

1918. 
Lhuys. France, Aug 8. 1918. 
Lhuys. France. Aug 9, 1918. 
Lhuys. France. Aug. 10, 1918. 
Lhuys. France, Aug. 8, 1918. 
Cuisy. France. Oct. 23. 1918. 
Nantillois, France, Oct. 11, 

1918. 
Cuisy. France. Oct. 8. 1918. 
Nantillois. France, Oct. 10, 

1918. 
Cuisy. France. Oct. 8, 1918. 
Cuisy, France. Oct. 8. 1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 8, 1918. 
Nantillois, France. Oct. 10, 

1918. 
Cuisy, France, Oct. 8, 1918. 
Romagne. France, Oct. 30, 

1918. 
Champagne, France. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Romagne, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Epieds, France, July 28, 1918. 
Romagne. France. Oct. 31.. 

1918. 
Cuisy, France. Oct. 2. 1918. 



360 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

William J. Bryant Bat. C, 146 PA. . .Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918. 

David W. Streblow Bat. C, 146 FA. .. Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918. 

John F. Bellinger Bat. C, 146 FA. . .Cuisy, France, Oct. 3, 1918. 

Charles C. Fincher Bat. B, 146 FA. .. Cuisy, France, Oct. 24. 1918. 

Rov A. Herder Bat. B, 146 FA. . . Montriel, France, July 18, 

1918. 
Earl Wood Bat. B, 146 FA . . . Montigny, France, Nov. 8, 

1918. 
Walter E. Dunn Bat. E, 146 FA. . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 27, 

1918. 
Robert E. Quick Bat. E, 146 FA. . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 26, 

1918. 

George Barnes Sup. Co. 146 FA. .Cuisy, France, Oct. 13, 1918. 

Spencer C. Clark Hq. Co. 146 FA. . . Romagne, France, Nov. 1, 

1918. 

Per E. Hedin Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Viffort, France. (Gassed.) 

Lawrence Rio Bat. E, 148 FA. . .Viffort, France, July 15, 1918. 

(Gassed.) 
John O. Horton Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Foret de Tardenois, France, 

Aug. 1, 1918. 
Frank O. Prokurat Bat. E. 148 FA. .. Foret de Tardenois, France, 

Aug. 1, 1918. 
Paul Callegori Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 
Thomas A Curran Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 
DeWitt T. Lee Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 
Bernard McCaffery Bat. E, 148 FA. . .Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 
Ralph Miller Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 5, 1918. 

Byron D. Martin Bat. B, 148 FA . . . Aug. 5, 1918. 

Lorris B. Stober Bat. B, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 8, 1918. 
Arthur Thompson Bat. D, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 7, 1918. 
Irvin V Birdabove Bat C, 148 FA. . .Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
Rhynehardt McCaskill. .Bat. C, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug. 11, 1918. 
William P. McDermott. .Bat. D, 148 FA. . .Nantillois, France, Oct. 11, 

1918. 
Lolan F. Wamslev Bat. D, 148 FA. . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 11, 

1918. 

Perry 0. Crandall Bat. A, 148 FA. .. Cuisy, France, Oct. 9, 1918. 

George W. Mann Bat. A, 148 FA. . . Cuisy, Prance, Oct. 9, 1918. 

Lawrence Rio Bat. E, 148 FA . . . Malancourt, France, Oct. 13, 

1918. 
John G. Romee Bat. F, 148 FA. . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
Francis L. Smith Bat. F, 148 FA. .. Nantillois, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
James Thomas Bat. F, 148 FA. . . Nantillois, France, Oct. 31, 

1918. 
William F. Klinsing. . . .Bat. B, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, P'rance, 

Aug. 10, 1918. 
Cornelius M. Purdow. . .Sup. Co. 148 FA. .Montlevon, France, July 12, 

1918. 
Angelo Buchignani Bat. P. 148 FA. .. Nov. 6, 1918. 



History of 66tii Field Artillery Brigade 3G1 

Adolph Rose Bat. F, 148 FA . . . Argonne-Meuse, France, Oct 

4, 1918. 
Guy W. Hanson Bat. C, 148 FA. . . Chery-Chartreuve, France, 

Aug 11 1918 

Thomas Russell Bat. D, 148 FA. . . Nantillois,' France. 

James E. Gilliam Bat. E, 148 FA. . . Viffort, France, July 15, 1918. 



DIED OF WOUNDS, DISEASE, OR ACCIDENT. 
Captain — 
William S. Pettit Hq. Det. 2nd Bn. 146th F. A Disease 

November, 1918. 
First Lieutenant — 
Walter C. Lee Hq. Det. 2nd Bn. 146^^ F. A Disease 

November, 1918. 

Joseph H. Murray, Jr Hq. Co. 146 F. A Disease 

February 7, 1919. 
Louis H. Pinkham Bat. A, 148th F. A Disease 

Second Lieutenant — 

John A. McCleverty Hq. Det. 2nd Bn. 148th F. A Disease 

February 1, 1919. 
Sergeant — 

Mack W. Snyder Bat. E, 148th F. A Wound 

August 5, 1918. 
Corporals — 
I ver Burke Bat. E, 146th F. A Disease 

December 20, 1918. 

Leonard C. Purkey Hq. Co. 148th F. A Wound 

Charles F. Chesson Bat. E, 148th F. A Wound 

Barney M. Hodge Bat. E, 148th F. A Disease 

April 30. 1919. 
Ewen B. Campbell Bat. D, 148th F, A Disease 

December 18, 1917. 

Raymond F. Parry Bat. D, 148th F. A Disease 

October, 1918. 
Cooks — 
Oscar W. Dace Bat. B, 146th F. A Disease 

December 20, 1918. 

Frank H. Niemeyer Bat. A, 148th F. A Disease 

William Guilfoyle Bat. D, 148th F. A Accident 

June 29, 1918. 
Wagoners — 
Charles R. Specht Supply Co., 146th F. A Disease 

February 7, 1919. 

Harrison I. Busey Bat. E, 146th F. A Disease 

Joseph R. Don Bat. B, 148th F. A Disease 

December 29, 1918. 
Charles C. Kelley Bat. B, 148th F. A Disease 

December 27, 1918. 
Lionel H. Harris Bat. B, 148th F. A Disease 

February 18, 1919. 

Clyde J. Robey Bat. E. 148th F. A Disease 

February 4, 1919. 
Saddlers — 
Jess C. Martin Bat. A, 148th F. A Disease 

Buglers — 

William A. Orendorf Bat. A, 148th F. A Disease 

Privates First Class — 

Arthur Stough Bat. F, 146th F. A. Disease 

Charles R. Rouste Bat. D, 146th F. A Disease 

December, 1917. 

Anthony W. Rowe Bat. D, 146th F. A Disease 

December 1, 1917. 

Ura L. Adams Hq. Det. 1st Bn., 146th F. A Disease 

Gerald M. McMeal Hq. Det. 1st Bn., 146th F. A. Disease 



Howard L. Botkln 


Bat. B, 146th F. A 

January 21, 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Robert G. Hughes 


Bat. B, 146th P. A 

February 14, 1919. 


Disease 


Lawrence E. Durre. . . . 


Bat. A, 146th P. A 

March 17, 1919. 


.... Disease 


Everett McDaniel 


Bat. A, 14Sth F. A 


. . . .Disease 


John Farquhar 


Supply Co., 148th F. A 

February 4, 1919. 


.... Disease 


Roy E. Dykes 


Bat. E, 148th F. A 


. . . .Wound 


William S. Brown 


Bat. B, 148th F. A 

July 20, 1918. 


. . .Accident 


Henry E. Wadsworth . . 


Hq. Co., 148th F. A 

June 3, 1918. 


. . .Accident 


Privates — 






Charles A. Parren 


Bat. F. 146th F. A 

October 17, 1917. 


. . . .Disease 


Otis E. Pierson 


Bat. F, 146th F. A 

August 26, 1918. 


. . .Accident 


Anton B. Sorensen 


Bat. D, 146th F. A 

November, 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Jesse J. McManaway . . . 


Hq. Det. 1st Bn. 146th F. A. . . 

February 11, 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


David C. Cottrell 


Bat. E, 148th F. A 

April 19, 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Benjamin R. Carlson.. 


Bat. E, 146th F. A 

July 19, 1918. 


. . .Accident 


Stanley Paszkiet 


Bat. E, 146th F A 


.... Disease 




December 15. 1918. 


Abraham L. Roberts. . . 


Bat. E, 146th F. A 

April 9, 1919. 


. . .Accident 


Earl Galliher 


Bat. B, 146th F. A 

October 24, 1917. 


. . . .Disease 


Thomas G. Walker 


Bat. A. 146th F. A 

February 26, 1919. 


. . . .Disease 


Arthur C. Woodrow. . . . 


Bat. A, 146th F, A 

January 9, 1919. 


. . . .Disease 


Alma Pitkin 


Supply Co , 146th F A 


.Disease 




February 9, 1919. 




Frank T. Armstrong. . . 


Bat. B, 148th F. A 

December 26, 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Edward W. Ballard.... 


Bat. B, 148th F. A 

December 28. 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Clayton W. Bradway. . . 


Bat. B, 148th F. A 

December 28. 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Emil W. Butler 


Bat. B, 148th F. A 

December 28. 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Burton Roberson 


Bat. B, 148th F. A 

December 31, 1918. 


. . . . Disease 


Guy A. Larson 


Bat. B, 148th F. A 

January 1, 1919. 


. . . .Disease 


Lafayette Blackburn . . . 


Bat. F, 148th F. A 

January 6. 1919. 


. . . . Disease 


Homer 0. Aikin 


Bat. C, 148th F. A 

December 7, 1918. 


. . . .Disease 


Wade E. Harris 


Hq. Co. 148th F. A 

April 27, 1919. 


. . .Accident 


Robert L. Montgomery. . 


Bat. D, 148th F. A 

November, 1918. 


. . . .Disease 









Benj. H. Sprague Bat. D, 148t.h F. A Disease 

John F. Cox Bat. E, 148th F. A Accident 

April 26, 1918. 

Conrad A. Jensen Bat. C, 148th F. A Disease 

June 3, 1918. 

Walter C. Ridgeway Bat. A, 148th F. A Disease 

February 26, 1918. 

Carl A. Hasselblad . .Hq. Co., 148th F. A Disease 

February 7, 1918. 

Joseph D. Lambert Hq. Co., 148th F. A Disease 

March 25, 1918. 

James W. Foy Bat. F, 148th F. A Disease 

March 24, 1918. 

Milton Mickelson Bat. D, 148th F. A Disease 

March 19, 1918. 

John S. Solloway Bat. B. 148th F. A Disease 

Leander E. Olsen ■. Supply Co., 148th F. A Disease 

February 20, 1918. 

Quinton A. Wilson Bat. D, 148th F. A Disease 

February 17, 1918. 

Lawrence Rio Bat. E, 148th F. A Wound 

October 13, 1918. 
Bernard McCaffery Bat. E, 148th F. A Wound 






History oi' (Uirii Fikld Autili.huy Hki(;ai)K 8G5 



LETTERS AND APPRECIATIONS 



Letters of commendation for the 146th and the 14S Regiments of 
Field Artillery from ihe Commander-in-Chief of the American Expe- 
ditionary Forces, the Artillery Commander of the A. E. F., former 
Brigade Commanders, and other Commanding Generals. 

6th French Army's Heavy Artillery Commander's Order Number 
519, commending 148th and 146th American Field Artillery Regiments 
for aid in Champagne- .Marne Defensive, Chateau-Thierry, July 14-19th. 



IXeme ARMEE P. C. le 18 Juillet 1918 

A. L. A. 

ORDRE DU REGIMENT X 519 

LE CHEF D'ESCADRON Commandant p. i. le 81 R. A. L. et le Groupe- 
ment d'A. L. A. est heureux de porter a la connaissance de tous I'Ordre 
de felicitations du GENERAL Commandant le 38 C. A. 

En son nom et su nom du Colonel CHARLIER, oblige de quitter son 
commandement au moment ou il aurait pu constater THeureux resultat 
obtenu grace a I'organization si parfaite de son Commandement et a I'im- 
pulsion qu'il avait su donner aux Unites sous ses ordres il remercie les 
Officers et la troupe qui ont fourni un si magniflque effort. Americains et 
Francais, aviateurs et artilleurs, ont rivalise de zele et de courage pour 
aider I'infanterie a arrester I'ennemi; leur conduite a ete au-dessus de 
tout eloge a tous, merci. 

Le Chef d'Escadron BLANCHET, Commandant le 81 R. A. L. 
et le Groupement d'A. L. A. 
DESTINAT AIRES: 

M. le Colonel CHARLIER 

M. le Colonel Comdt. le 148 F. A. U. S. 

M. le Capitaine Comdt. le 2/146 U. S. 

M. le Commandant de I'Escadrille 234. 

M. M. les Commandants des 1, 2, 3, 4. 5, 6, gr. et STM/81 

M. le Comdt. de la 20 Batt. du 75 A. L. G. P. 

M. le Commandant du Depot du 81 R. A. L. 

(Translation) 

P. C. 18th .luly. 1918. 

REGIMENTAL ORDER No. 519. 

The Major commanding the p. c. of the 81st R. A. L., and the group- 
ment of A. L. A., is pleased to bring to the knowledge of all the order 
of congratulations of the General, commanding the 38th Army Corps. 

In his name, and in the name of Colonel Charlier, obliged to leave his 
command at the moment when he might have been able to ascertain the 
happy result obtained, thanks to perfect organization of his command, and 
the impulse he has given to the units under his orders, he thanks the 
officers and troops which have made such a magnificent effort. American 
and French, aviators and artillerymen, with zeal and couiage, helped the 
infantry in stopping the enemy, and their conduct is beyond all praise. 
To all— Thanks! 

MA.IOR BLANCHET, Commanding the 81st R. A. L. 
1st Groupement A. L. A. 

(Signed) BLANCHET. 



366 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

distribution: 
Colonel Charlier 

Colonel Commanding 148th F. A., U. S. A. 
Capt. Commanding 2nd Battalion 146th F. A., U. S. A. 
Commander I'Escadrille 234. 

Commanders 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, Groupments 81st R. A. L. 
Commander 20th Battalion 75th A. L. G. P. 
Commander 81st R. A. L. Depot 



38th Corps, 6th French Army, General Order 343, commanding 
American troops en:?aged in Champague-Marne defensive. Chateau- 
Thierry, July 14th-19th. 

VI ARMEB Q. G. le 17 Juillet 1918. 

38 Corps d'Annee 
Personnel 
N 7504/F 

ORDRE GENERAL, n 343 

Le GENERAL Commandant le 38 Corps d'Armee, felicite tous les Groupe- 
ments d'Artillerie Americians et Francais A. D., A. L. Groupement d'Armee, 
pour leur cooperation a la defense de la MARNE. 

Malgre la fatigue, sous un bombardement intense, causant des partes 
sensibles et bouleversant les liaisons: ils ont rempli avec energie toutes leurs 
missions d'un bout a I'autre de Taction, avec le souci constant de coordonner 
leurs efforts et d'appuyer coute que coute les troupes engagees, et cela 
non seulement sur le front, mais encore en appul des unites voisines. 

Troupes et Etats-Majors peuvent prendre leur part du succes obtenu 
sur I'ennemi qui a ete entierement rejete au dela de la riviere sur le front 
du C. A. 

Le present ordre sera lu le plus tot possible dans toutes les Batteries. 

Le General Commandant le 38 C. A. 
Signer De MONDESIR 

(Translation) 
VI ARMY Q. G. 17th July, 1918. 

GENERAL ORDER No. 343 

The General commanding the 38th Army Corps congratulates all group- 
ments of American Artillery, and French A. D. and A. L. groupments of 
the Army, for their co-operation in the defense of the Marne. 

Altho fatigued under an intense bombardment, causing sensible losses, 
upsetting the liaisons, they have accomplished with energy all their missions 
from the beginning to the end of the action, with a constant care to co- 
ordinate their efforts and support at all costs the troops engaged, and this 
not only on our front, but supporting also the units in the vicinity. 

Troops and staff may take their share of the success obtained over the 
enemy, which has been entirely thrown back beyond the river, on the front 
of our army corps. 

The present order will be read as soon as possible in all the batteries. 

General commanding the 38th Army Corps. 
(Signed) DE MONDESIR. 



History of GGtii Field Artillery Brigade 3G7 

GENERAE HEADQUARTERS AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

February 15, 1919. 
From: Commander-in-Cliief. 

To: Commanding General, 66th F. A. Brigade. 
Subject: Commendation of the 66th F. A. Brigade. 

1. It is with pleasure that I send you this letter of commendation upon 
the excellent service rendered by the 66th F. A. Brigade during the war 
with Germany. 

2. This Brigade was always to be depended upon when in the region 
of the Marne and Aisne rivers, in the St. Mihiel battle, and Meuse-Argonne 
offensive, it supported our gallant infantry in many a pitched battle. 

3. This duty so well pei'formed will always be a source of pride to 
each and every member of the Brigade. 

(Signed) JOHN J. PERSHING, 

General, U. S. Army. 



AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 

Office of the Commander-in-Chief 

France, March 27, 1919. 

Major General Ernest Hinds, 
Chief of Artillery, 
American E. F. 

My Dear General Hinds: 

As the time approaches for the return home of the greater portion of 
the Artillery of the American Expeditionary Forces, it gives me great 
pleasure to extend to you and to all officers and men under your command 
my heartiest thanks and congratulations for their share in the successful 
conclusion of the war. 

Rushed to France with but the most preliminary training and here as- 
signed to new materiel and unaccustomed methods, they overcame all diffi- 
culties by their energy, determination and devotion to duty, affording to 
the Infantry that powerful support without which success would have been 
impossible. From the earliest days of our active participation in the battle, 
the officers and men of all branches of the Artillery won the admiration 
of our allies. They co-operated effectively in stopping the great attacks 
of the enemy, and in making it possible for us to take the offensive. In the 
Meuse-Argonne operations, they overwhelmed him at a critical point in his 
lines, making possible the advance of our troops, which jeopardized his 
communications and made the surrender or annihilation of a large part of 
his troops inevitable. 

No less deserving of praise is the work of the officers and men of the 
training staffs at the several schools and Training Centers. Deprived of 
the opportunity to serve at the front, they carried on with zeal, energy and 
efficiency, the instruction of Artillery, a task no less essential than the 
actual combat work in the firing line. 

To all units and individuals under your command, I desire to express 
my thanks, and the thanks of their comrades of the American Expeditionary 
Forces. Our interest in their welfare will continue, accompanying them to 
their homes and back Into civil life. 

Sincerely yours, 

JOHN J. PERSHING. 



368 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

headquarters thirty-second division, american expedi- 
tionary forces. 

Rengsdorf, Germany, 16 April, 1919. 
TO THE 66th FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE: 

Your historian has asked me to send a letter descriptive of my experi- 
ences with the brigade. 

I am glad to do so because on passing from the MARNE-AISNE fight 
to the ST. MIHIEL fight, the brigade was suddenly switched from my com- 
mand and I have never had a chance to tell the brigade how highlj^ I thought 
of it. 

My experiences with the brigade were, first, in the LIBOURNE training 
area, then, in the MARNE-AISNE offensive, and finally, with the 148th 
Field Artillery in the ST. MIHIEL fight. From the very first, the brigade 
impressed me as capable of great work, and it always came up to expecta- 
tions. In the training area, I was frequently struck with the quietness and 
smoothness with which things were done. I remember one dark night follow- 
ing a battery to see it go into position. After the position had been reached, 
there seemed to me to be a long delay, for I could not hear sufficient evi- 
dence of the guns being moved into position and it was too dark to see. 
On closer examination, I found that everybody was working hard and the 
guns were moving but no one was talking. This quiet effective attitude I 
found characteristic of the brigade throughout. 

The brigade joined the 1st Corps in the CHATEAU-THIERRY sector, 
got into position just before the German offensive of July 15, and helped 
to bear the brunt of that great stroke. As soon as the Germans were 
stopped, the brigade took part in the Allied offensive, beginning July 18, and 
from that time until the pursuit was stopped on the VESLE River, the guns 
of the brigade were busy, day and night, either in action or being moved 
forward to new positions. It was a great test for a new organization and the 
brigade stood the test well. I was often complimented by the Corps Com- 
mander on the effective work of the guns of the brigade. 

As soon as the High Command decided upon stabilization on the VESLE 
front, the brigade was immediately withdrawn in order to take part in the 
ST. MIHIEL offensive. While enroute to this fight, the brigade was changed 
from corps to army artillery and so removed from my command. But later, 
the 148th F. A. was assigned for service with the 4th Corps, of which I was 
then the Chief of Artillery. The 148th P. A. was well handled in that fight 
and was of very great assistance. The French Officer who was acting as 
Heavy Artillery Commander frequently referred to the business-like manner 
in which the regiment went about its work. 

After the ST. MIHIEL fight I have not seen the brigade until its ar- 
rival in the COBLENZ bridgehead, where it occupies part of the area origin- 
ally assigned to my division. The brigade was the first heavy brigade to 
arrive at the front and now it is the last one to remain at the front. It has 
seen the whole campaign through. No unit in the whole army has a finer 
record. It is a record which in after years will be looked back upon by all 
members of the brigade with great and justifiable pride. 

WM. LASSITER, 

Major General, U. S. Army 

Commanding 32nd Division. 
WL/rm 

May 1, 1919. Note: General Lassiter now Artillery Commander of the 
Third U. S. Army. 



HEADQUARTERS FIRST DIVISION, AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY 
FORCES, Montabaur, Germany, 12 April, 1919. 

To The History Committee, 66th Field Artillery Brigade: 

I have heard rumors recently that the Brigade would soon be sent 
home and I sincerely hope that before long it will be on its way. 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 369 

From the time that I assumed command of it at Camp de Souge in 
March, 1918, it has held a permanent place in my affectionate interest. 
My service with it then, for a period of about ten weeks, convinced me of 
the sincerity of its officers and men and of their high qualities of courage, 
self-reliance and good judgment, and of their devotion to duty, their high 
ideals of honor and their great love for their country. 

During this latter period, the Brigade rounded into efficient condition for 
service and, following my recommendation, was sent to the Chateau-Thierry 
front. There I saw it during personal visits, and there I know, from my 
observations and from official reports, that it performed its duties efficiently 
and thoroughly. It was hurried from there to the St. Mihiel offensive, where 
it accomodated itself very readily to changes of plan and again distinguished 
itself throughout the operation. 

Again, it marched to the Meuse-Argonne front and was engaged from 
the beginning of the offensive until the date of the armistice. It again 
lived up to its reputation, already established, and distinguished itself 
by getting units closer to the jumping-off line than I believe had ever been 
done by any similar type of artillery, and by executing movements with 
skill and precision under terrible conditions of roads and tiaffic. Again, on 
account of its wonderful reputation, as Chief of Artillery, First Army, I 
recommended that it be given the honor of accompanying American troops 
on their march into Germany, and this was done. 

The Brigade has recovered very rapidly from the disintegrating influence 
of the long and arduous campaigns through which it passed and has now 
won the right to go home to enjoy the esteem and honor in which its per- 
sonnel should be held by the friends awaiting them. 

I presume that the Brigade will be dispersed, but I hope very sincerely 
that the feeling of comradeship will continue always amongst those who 
have been brothers in arms and that they will keep alive its wonderful 
traditions for the benefit of their children and the country. 

With best wishes for the greatest happiness of every man and officer 
of the Brigade, I am 

Very sincerely yours, 

E. F. McGLACHLIN, Jr., 

Major General, U. S. A. 

Commanding. 



GENERAL, HEADQUARTERS, AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 
Office of the Chief of Artillery, A. E. F. 

France, 26 April, 1919. 
To the 66th F. A. Brigade: 

It was my good fortune to have had the honor of commanding for a 
time the 66th F. A. Brigade, the pioneer Corps Artillery of the American 
Expeditionary Forces. It thus fell to the lot of the officers and men of that 
brigade to set the pace and to fix the standards of efficiency and achieve- 
ment for succeeding Corps Artillery organizations. They set for themselves 
the highest standards, and the history of the A. E. F. will show that they 
did not fail to attain them. No demand was ever made upon the brigade 
that was not met in a manner to call forth high commendation from its 
superior commanders. I have never heard any word but of praise for 
the work of that excellent organization, and it will always be for me a 
source of pride that I should have had some part in the building up of the 
66th Field Artillery Brigade for the work which it was called upon to do — 
and which it did so well in this great war against German aggression. 
Its record is one in which all its members may well take pride. 
My best wishes will go with them when they return to the home-land. 
Sincerely yours, 

(Signed) ERNEST HINDS. 

Major General, Chief of Artillery, A. E. F. 



13 



370 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 

headqltarters 66th field artillery^ brigade 

American Expeditionary Forces 
Grenzhausen. Germany 
May 1, 1919. 

To My Comrades of the 66th F. A. Brigade: 

It is with pride and pleasure that I respond to the request of Lieut. 
Wright for a letter to you. Pride, because as your commander in the war 
I have the right to address you; pleasure, because that feeling fills my soul 
whenever you are mentioned. 

In the gruelling days of training, in the heat of the plains of Gironde, 
and the valleys of the Auvergne, you showed every promise of being worthy 
of the unique position you held in our military organization, — the first brigade 
of heavy field artillery in the American army. Clean, earnest, vigorous, 
intelligent, — those who descended upon you from high places departed to 
demand a higher standai'd of others. 

You were spared the tedium of sector warfare, and when in July you 
"went in" along the Maine, in open warfare, it was but a continuance of the 
training in that sort of warfare that you had all through June; just that, 
with hostile fire to give it zest and to bring you up in the one thing wherein 
you lagged, — Willingness to take cover. 

Through the Marne Defensive, the Marne Offensive, the St. Mihiel and 
Meuse-Argonne operations, you knew no rest period. Other troops might 
be allowed to rest a day, withdraw to refit, — your guns were never silent 
by day or night; never was an enemy safe within their reach. And your 
work was not all cai-ried on in what is thought of as the normal zone of 
deployment of the heavy artillery, that is, in rear of the lighter divisional 
artillery; there was never a time when some of your guns were not well up 
among the latter, even in advance of them. You were cussed by M. P.'s 
and abused by more important individuals, for obstructing traffic, but you 
were always headed for the German lines when it happened. 

Yours was not the glory of going through the lines man against man, 
nor the glory of making that possible by barrage, but yours was the glory 
of maintaining a strangle-hold that would take the heart out of any troops. 
Always the same game, destroying or delaying the arrival of the enemy's 
reinforcements, supplies and munitions, preventing his carrying them off in 
retreat (those guns our infantiT "captured"), rendering impossible the 
maintenance of communications, compelling staffs to do their work in the 
fields or in villages far to the rear. By way of diversion you silenced every 
hostile battery whose position could be determined, and, — particularly be- 
tween the Marne and the Vesle, — your ready C. P. O. often smashed a 
counter-attack and brought a "Thank you" from the infantry. 

You have reason to be proud of the part your brigade played in the war, 
proud of your personal achievements, and to be prouder still of your loyalty 
to those who planned for and directed you. The same spirit of loyalty will 
bring you success in future life. 

With all good wishes. 

E. D. SCOTT, 

Colonel, Commanding 66th F. A. Brigade. 



History of GGtii Field Aktili.kry Rrigadk 371 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

The committee charged with the compilation of the 66th Field 
Artillery Brigade history acknowledges with thanks the hearty co- 
operation of every officer and man in the brigade for the assistance 
given in furnishing data, photographs and material from which this 
volume is compiled. 

MAJOR W. A. SAWTELL, 148th F. A. 

CAPT. FRANK R. JEFFREY, 148th F. A. 
LIEUT. W. S. GRISCOM, Brigade Hdqrs. Detachment. 
LIEUT. WM. R. WRIGHT, 148th F. A., 

Brigade Historian. 



372 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



IMPORTANT DATES IN THE HISTORY OF THE 
66th F. A. BRIGADE 

Brigade formed Oct. 27, 1917 

146th Regiment organized Oct. 16, 1917 

148th Regiment organized Sept. 14, 1917 

146th Regiment sailed for France Dec. 25, 1917 

148th Regiment sailed for France Jan. 23, 1918 

First shot fired by Brigade on the front July 7, 1918 

Opening of Champagne-Marne defensive July 14, 1918 

Close of Champagne-Marne defensive July 18, 1918 

Opening of Aisne-Marne defensive July 18, 1918 

Brigade left Aisne-Marne offensive for St. Mihiel Aug. 11, 1918 

Opening of St. Mihiel offensive Sept. 12, 1918 

Last shot fired St. Mihiel offensive Sept. 16, 1918 

Opening of Meuse-Argonne offensive Sept. 26, 1918 

First shot fired by Brigade, Meuse-Argonne Sept. 26, 1918 

Last shot fired by Brigade, Meuse-Argonne Nov. 11, 1918 

Brigade started for occupied territory, Germany Dec. 2, 1918 

Brigade crossed Moselle from Luxembourg to Germany. .Dec. 10, 1918 

Brigade reached its station across the Rhine Jan. 1, 1918 

Brigade received orders to return to United States May 11, 1919 

Brigade arrived in United States June 15, 1919 

The following non-commissioned officers have been commissioned 
Second Lieutenants since May 1, 1919: 

Theodore E. Bowen Headquarters Co 146th F. A. 

Herbert G. Lauterbach Headquarters Co 146th F. A. 

Tom Barker Battery D 146th F. A. 

John J. Georgeson Headquarters Co 146th F. A. 

George C. Arnold Battery A 146th F. A. 

Lelius C. Zander Headquarters Co 148th F. A. 

William C. Stram Headquarters Co 148th F. A. 

James A. Gaynor Battery B 148th F. A. 

William P. Choate Battery C 148th F. A. 

Oscar A. Johnson Battery F 148th F. A. 

Wilbur F. Morrow Headquarters Co 148th F. A. 

John Hurdle Battery A 148th F. A. 

B. B. Bartlett Brigade Headquarters Detachment 

The following officers were assigned to the 146th F. A. since com- 
pletion of the roster: 

Capt. Cyrus G. Young Headquarters Co Clearfield, Pa. 

Capt. Thos. B. Hanson Adj. 2nd Battalion U. S. Army 

2nd Lieut. M. E. Bird Ordnance Detachment. Washington, D. C 

The following officers were assigned to the 148th F. A. since com- 
pletion of the roster: 

Lieut. Col. Ray W. Barker. . . Regiment U. S. Army 

Capt. Moe Neufeld Headquarters Co New York City 

Capt. Russell B. Dixon Adj. 2nd Battalion 

2nd Lieut. John Finkbeiner. . Headquarters Co Rochester, N. Y. 



History of OOtii Field Artillery P>ri(;.uh; 



373 



LATE PROMOTIONS 

The following: order was received at 66th F. A. Brigade Head- 
quarters on May 15, 1919: 

G. H. Q. 
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES. 

France, May 8. 1919. 

Special Orders 
No. 128-A 

18. Under authority contained in Par. 1, War Department Cable- 
gram No. 2557, dated January 27, 1919, the following temporary ap- 
pointments in Field Artillery, United Slates Army, during the e.xisting 
emergency, are announced, with rank from May 8, 1919: 

Appointed 

NAME From To ASSIGNED 

Frank R. Jeffrey Captain Major Present duties 

William N. Day Captain Major Present duties 

Donald C. Oliphant 1st Lieut. Captain Present duties 

Will S. Griscom, Jr 1st Lieut. Captain Present duties 

Robert H. Weitknecht 1st Lieut. Captain Present duties 

Cyrus A. Hackstaff 1st Lieut. Captain Present duties 

Roche S. Mentzer 1st Lieut. Captain Present duties 

Ralph F. Schirm 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Eugene P. Walters 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Hurley Fellows 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Harry A. Spencer 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Lemuel E. Martin 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

George B. Ely 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Robert F. Potter 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Stanley S. Simonson 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

William R. McAUaster 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Harold A. Guernsey 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

John F. Sullivan 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Harold C. Reed 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Winfield B. Sale 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

John A. Cox 2nd Lieut. 1st Lieut. Present duties 

Harry T. Fultz 1st Lieut. Captain Present duties 



Pending the confirmation of these appointments and the receipt of 
commissions from the War Deptirtment, this order will serve the pur- 
pose of a commission. 



By Command of General Pershing: 



Official: ROBERT C. DAVIS, 

Adjutant General. 



JAMES W. Mc ANDREW, 
Chief of Staff. 



374 History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 



EXPENDITURE OF AMMUNITION IN 66th F. A. 

BRIGADE 

Number of rounds fired by 66th F. A. Brigade in: 

Champagne-Marne Defensive and Aisne-Marne Offensive. . . 49,650 

St. Mihiel Offensive 6,973 

Argonne-Meuse Offensive 81,272 

Service Firing o90 



Total number of rounds fired 138,485 

Number of rounds fired by 146th F. A. in: 

Champagne-Marne Defensive and Aisne-Marne Offensive. . . 22,349 

St. Mihiel Offensive 5,218 

Argonne-Meuse Offensive 43,328 



Total number of rounds fired 70,895 

Number of rounds fired by each Battery: 

Battery A 9,658 Battery D 12,573 

Battery B 9,410 Battery E 14,156 

Battery C 10,384 Battery F 14,714 

Number of rounds fired by 148th F. A. in: 

Champagne-Marne Defensive and Aisne-Marne Offensive. . . 27,301 

St. Mihiel Offensive 1,755 

Argonne-Meuse Offensive 37,944 

Service Firing • ■ • • 590 



Total number of rounds fired 67,590 

Number of rounds fired by each Battery: 

Battery A 12,858 Battery D 9,394 

Battery B 11,274 Battery E 11,999 

Battery C 11,317 Battery F 10,748 

Approximately 5% of shells fired were gas shells. 

According to these figures, the 66th F. A. Brigade fired over half 
of the entire amount of G. P. F. high-power ammunition used by the 
United States in the war with Germany. The grand total fired by all 
units of G. P. F. in the war was 264,000 rounds. 

The cost of this ammunition was approximately $1.00 a pound, and 
the average weight of shells ran close to 100 pounds, making the cost 
of each round very near $100, or over $13,000,000 worth of shells fired 
by the 66th F. A. Brigade from July 7th until the morning of November 
11, 1918. 



History of 66th Field Artillery Brigade 375 



FRENCH MISSION 

The French Mission who trained at Camp de Souge, the 146th and 
148th regiments of Field Artillery in the use of the Filloux 155 high- 
power rifles: 



Captain de Rivier 



Captain Loui de Mores 
Captain Barnett 
Lieutenant Marmise 
Lieutenant Bechman 



Lieutenant Cocherie 
Lieutenant Bechman 



COMMANDANT 



ARTILLERY FIRE 



ORIENTATION 



RADIO TELEGRAPHY 



Lieutenant M. Durand 
Sergeant H. de Chevigne 
Private Blondine 



Lieutenant Livernie 
2 Sergeants 
2 Corporals 
6 Privates 



TELEPHONE 



376 History of 6Gth Field Artillery Brigade 



GENERAL INFORMATION OF THE 155 mm. 
FILLOUX GUN 

The 155 mm. Filloux gun is a materiel with split trail and variable 
recoil, firing with full charge from 0° to 35° elevation, and possessing a 
horizontal field of fire of 60°. 

The maximum range reached with the steel shell is 16 kilometers. 

The chassis forms a platform carried by the gun axle and by the 
two trails. The gun axle is provided with rubber-tired wheels. 

The open trails are anchored in the ground by means of the spades. 
The weight of the chassis rests directly on the gun axle at a single 
point only, through the agency of the pivot pin; this arrangement per- 
mits the axle to follow the irregularities of the ground. 

The limber wheels are the same as those of the gun proper. They 
are intended to receive caterpiller bands if the nature of the ground 
makes this necessary. The rear wheels are provided with brake drums. 

STATISTICAL INFORMATION 

Gun 

Over-all length of the gun (to the rear of the breech ring) 19 ft. 5 in. 

Length of the rifled portion 15 " 2 " 

Number of grooves 48 

Angle of the grooves (constant) 6° 

Cradle 
Angle of elevation 0° to 35° 

Carriage 

Angle of traverse 30 ° to left 

30° to right 

Tread 7 ft. 5 in. 

Over-all width (road position) 8 " 10 " 

Over-all length (firing position) 23 "' 7 " 

Total length of the piece in road position (including draw- 
bar) 28 " 6 " 

Wheel base 14 " 7 " 

Space required for a half turn 52 " 6 

Weights 

Barrel and breech 8,520 lbs. 

] Weight on the gun axle 16,060 " 

Materiel in road position ^ ^^.^j^^ ^^^ ^^^ j.^^^^^^ ^^j^ _ _ _ 9 ggp „ 

Total weight of the vehicle without spades or caterpillar 

bands 25,740 " 

Limber 3,190 " 

Materiel in firing position with spades 23,660 " 

Materiel in firing position with spades and caterpillar 

bands 24,650 " 

Ship Tonnage 
Ship tonnage required for gun with limber 40 



History of CGtii Field Artillery Brigade^ 377 
The iMotor Equii)nient of the Brigade Follows 

IT WILL SHOW OVER 500 GASOLINE DRIVEN 

VEHICLES 

Holt Tractors 60 

Ammunition and Supply Trucks 290 

Dodge Passenger 18 

White Staff Cars 10 

White Reconnaisance Cars 12 

Motorcycles, solo and side car 150 

Light Delivery Trucks 10 

Ambulances 6 

Packard Gasoline Trucks 4 

Mobile Repair Shops, Quads 6 

Guns, Trailers, Reel Carts, Rolling Kitchens and Water Carts, 
etc., additional. 



DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS 

HEADQUARTERS 148th FIELD ARTILLERY 

AMERICAN E. F. 

February 24, 1919. 

MEMORANDUM No. 142. 

1. The following is published for the information of all officers 
and men of the Regiment and will be read at Retreat, February 24, 1919. 

Pvt. 1st Class John J. .Murphy, Battery F, 148th F. A., has been 
awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, based on the following 
recommendation of his organization commander. 

"During an engagement near Nantillois, France, on October 31, 
1918, the position occupied by the gun of which Private Murphy was 
a member of the gun crew, was subjected to continued and heavy 
firing from hostile artillery. At a time when the piece had just been 
loaded but the breech not yet closed, a shell exploded within a few feet 
of the gun, wounding five members of the gun crew and igniting several 
boxes of powder stored near the gun and also the camouflage covering 
the piece. Private Murphy, although painfully and seriously wounded, 
removed two other wounded men from the gun pit and then returned 
to the pit where despite the terrific heat from the burning powder he 
closed the breech, verified the laying of the piece and fired it. He 
was then carried to the dressing station where it was learned that he 
had not only been wounded by shell fragments, but painfully burned 
by powder. 

"Private John J. Murphy, by his display of bravery, total disregard 
to personal danger, and unfaltering attention to duty, prevented what 
might have been a serious explosion of the piece and also set an 
example of coolness and bravery that was an inspiration to his com- 
rades." 

By order of ]\Iajor Hungerford: 

GEORGE I. SMITH, 
Captain 148th Field Artillery. Adjutant. 



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