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Full text of "History of South Dakota"

^° ML 

978.3 ^' ^^ 

R56h 

V.2 

1142444 , 



OENEIALOGY COLLECTlOt^ 



XI 



3 1833 01066 7225 



HISTORY OF -^^^'^^^ 




SOUTH DAKOTA 



BY 



DOANE ROBINSON 



TOGETHER WITH 



PERSONAL MENTION OF CITIZENS OF SOUTH DAKOTA 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOL. II. 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII~Continued. 



1142-144 

A 

Aaseth, John 991 

Abeel, Orlin A 1711 

Abel. Edward L 1319 

Abell, Gabriel W 1585 

Abraham, Alfred 1453 

Abt, Frank 974 

Adams, Francis D 1461 

Adams, F. J 1433 

Adams, John E 1291 

Adams, J. F 1432 

Adams, John Q 1535 

Aisenbrey, Christian 1221 

Alder, Alfred 989 

Aldrich, Alva N 1600 

Alexander, Frank 1748 

Alexander, Rudolph 1060 

Allen, Charles F 1443 

Allen, Charles H 1288 

Amundson, Martin 1853 

Anderson, C. J 1891 

Anderson, Henry 1298 

Anderson, John Q 1475 

Andrews, Nels C 1334 

Andrews, Wellington J 970 

Andrus, Henry C 1232 

Apiin, Frank P 1708 

Archambean, Lizziam 1150 

Arneson, A. L 1865 

Arthur, John W 1791 

Ash, B. C 1849 

Ash, Henry C 1718 

Atkinson, Samuel E 1415 

Auld, Oliver P 1107 

Austin, Horace J 1088 

Austin, Mrs. Rachel M. R...1089 

Avant. J. Franklin 1547 

Ayres, George V 1313 

Ayres, Thomas H 1421 

B 

Baade, Christian 1874 

Babcock, Howard 1172 

Babcock, Thornton N 1114 



Bach, Christen J 1480 

Baer. Burnace W 1756 

Baggaley, John 1369 

Bailey, Charles 1819 

Bailey. Dana R 1371 

Bailey, George M 1649 

Bailey, Joseph M 1821 

Baird. John C 1159 

Baldridge, John 1597 

Baldwin. D. D 1548 

Bale, George B 1520 

Barbier, Charles P 1102 

Barkley, J. J 1842 

Barlow, Edmund A 1509 

Barnhart, M. B 1322 

Barrett, C. Boyd 1282 

Barrow, C. H 1902 

Barth, Peter 1214 

Bartlett, Clarence A 1399 

Bartow, Julius D 1519 

Basford, Orville S 1690 

Baskerville, Marwood R 1120 

Baskin. James H 1079 

Bassett, John C 1479 

Bayne, William H 1202 

beach. John N 1722 

Bean. John S 1003 

Beatch, George 1163 

Beatty. John J 1556 

Beck. Elias S 1244 

Beem, Isaac 1731 

Beem, Joseph 1634 

Beeman, Charles L 1015 

Belding. John P 1293 

Bell, John 1661 

Bennett, David 1523 

Bennett, Granville G 1484 

Berdahl, Anfln J 972 

B?re, Otto C 953 

Bibelheimer. John 1790 

Biddle, William P 1843 

Biernatzki, Albert C 1096 

Biggins, Matthew 1816 

Billinghurst, Charles B 1446 



Billion, Thomas J., M. D 1454 

Bingham, George 1384 

Bird, William 1406 

Bischoff, Herman 1359 

Black, Samuel C 1653 

Blackstone, Richard 1023 

Blair, James C 1795 

Blair. Thomas C 1716 

Blake, Charles A 1777 

Bliss, George W.. M. D 1572 

Bobb, Earl V., M. D 971 

Bockler, John H 1203 

Bolles, George 1453 

Bonham, Willis H 1273 

Bonner, John R 1785 

Bonniwell. Phillip M 1723 

Boorman, W. C 1890 

Bottum, Joseph H 1804 

Bottum, Roswell 1476 

Boucher, Lyman T 1745 

Boundey, J. E 1895 

Bouska. Very Rev. Em- 
manuel A 1213 

Bowen. Wheeler S 1747 

Bowler, John A 1188 

Bowler, Michael F 1388 

Bowman, Adelbert H., M. D.1361 

Boyce, J. W 1900 

Braatz, Carl 1717 

Brakke, Nels J 990 

Brandon, Henry 1231 

Brandt. Claus 1240 

Bras. Harry L 1171 

Bratrud, Christen C 1192 

Breed, George N 1437 

Bridges, Henry 1842 

Briggs, George C 1250 

Briggs. Melvelle B 1763 

Britzins. Jacob 1858 

Brockman, N. J 1092 

Brooks. John H 1589 

Brown, Charles A., M. D 1001 

Brown, Charles W 1635 

Brown. Daniel 1354 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII— Continued. 



Brown, Hugh L 


.1634 


Chladek, Frank 


.1832 


Curtis, George W 


...1270 


Brown, John 


.1846 


Christensen, Lars C 


.1048 


Curtis, Hiram H 


...1687 


Brown, James M 


.1785 


Clagett, Moses H., M. D... 


.1225 


Cuthbert, Frederic T 


...1013 


Brown, Richard F., M. D. 


.1235 


Clark, Arthur E 


.1779 






Bruell, William F 


.1562 


Clark, James B 


.1416 


D 




Bruner, Vincent 


.1843 


Clark, S, Wesley 


.1744 






Buck, Edwin E 


.1567 


Clark, William T 


.1390 


Dahlenburg, Frederick . . 


...1346 


Buckingham, George 


.1643 


Clarke, George A 


.1405 


Dale, William T 


...1062 


Buechler, C 


.1222 


Clarke, William R 


.1228 


Daley, Rev. Charles M. . . 


...1494 


Buffaloe, Alonzo J., M. D. 
Bullock, James L 








Dana, Ruel E 

Darling, Andrew D., D. D 


...1083 
S.1141 


.1692 


Cleland, Peter C 


.1255 


Bunning, Rev. Bernard H 


.1327 


Clough, Alonzo E., M. D. . 


.1861 


Darling, Floyd C 


...1266 


Burch, Herbert C. M. D.. 


.1296 


Clough, Solomon 


.1103 


Daugherty. John F 


...1838 


Burdick, Frederick A 


.1815 
.1339 


Clyborne, Louis H 

Cochrane, Wampler L 


.1592 
.1277 




.. .1284 


Burgess, Lyman 


Davis, Park 


...1350 


Burke, Charles H 


.1810 


Coe, Albert W 


.1362 


Day, Everett H 


...1681 


Burleigh Walter A 


969 


Cole, Burnham W 

Coleman, Edwin G 


.lg65 
.1542 


Dean, Edgar 

Decker, John J 


...1013 
...1226 


Burnside, George W 


.1424 


Burt, George K 


.1121 


Cole, Jacob H 


.1205 


DeMalignon, Henry R. . . 


...1791 


Burton, Silas 


.1051 


Colgan, Arthur J 


.1549 


Dermody, Rev. Michael. 


...1541 


Bushell, Thomas J 


.1146 


Coller, Granville J., M. D. 


.1799 


Derr, ChalUley H 


...1626 


Bushfield, John A 


.1796 


Comstock, John F 


.1009 


Derr, Chalkley W 


...1786 


Bushnell, William F. T... 


. 969 


Conklin, Charles A 


.1802 


Dewell, Samuel G 


...1732 


Butterfleld, M. A 


.1571 


Conklin, Sylvester J 


.1411 


Dickerson, David 


...1613 


Butts, C. M 


. 961 


Connor, John 


.1836 


Dickey, J. B.. M. D 


...1851 






Conway, Daniel J 


.1484 


Dickinson, Stanley B., M. 


D.1104 


C 




Conzett, James 


.1864 


Dickson, James H 


...1074 






Cook, Edmund 


.1238 


Dimock, Warren 


...1222 


Cabalka, Joseph 


.1355 


Coons, 0. J 


.1860 


Dirks, Peter B 


...1425 


Cahill, John C 


.1208 


Cooper, Henry T 


.1022 


Dobsoh, John H 


...1320 


Cahill, Pierce 

Caldwell, Myron H 


.1126 
.1677 


Cooper, Miles M 

Cord, George D 


.1302 




...1763 


.1000 


Doering, Gotthilf 


...1902 




.1834 
.1478 


Cordes, Henry C 

Corrigan, William F 


.1639 
.1510 


Dokken, 0. C 

Donald, William R 


...1439 


Campbell, Albert W 


...1384 


Campbell, B. P 


.1138 


Cosand, Samuel W 


.1419 


Donaldson, David W... 


... 992 


Campbell, Charles T 


. 958 


Cottle. Frank 


.1312 


Donnelly, James 


... 996 


Campbell, Dyer H 


.1396 


Cotton. Alonzo A.. M. D.. 


.1378 


Doolittle, William T.... 


...1826 


Campbell, James T 

Campbell, Malcolm C 


1999 








...1267 


.1365 


Black Hills 


.1123 


Dott, Robert T., M. D. . 


...1321 


Campbell, Robert P 


.1497 


Cowdin, Lafayette 


.1274 


Dougan, Allen D 


...1742 


Carey, Allen W 


.1553 


Cowen, E. D., D. D 


.1890 


Dougherty, Michael J. . . 


...1037 


Carlin, Douglas 


.1764 


Coyle, Andrew L., M. D.. 


. 972 


Douglass, James 


...1887 


Carpenter, Aaron 


.1341 


Craig, Frank H 


.1161 


Douglass, Wesley 


...1095 


Carrigan, Denis 

Carroll, John H 


1721 


Craig, William D 

Cramer, Isaac S 


1511 


Dow Wallace L 


...1477 


.1611 


.1734 


Doyle, J. M 


...1044 


Catlett, Joseph W 


.1897 


Crane, Col. Frank 


.1316 


Drake, Frank W 


...1035 


Cavalier, Louise 


.1838 


Crary, Charles C 


.1724 


Dratzman, Joseph 


...1839 


Cave, Rev. W. A 


.1859 


Cross, Eugene E 


. 963 


Dricken, Fred W 


...1402 


Chamberlain, Harry D 


.1462 


Cross, Fred J 


.1715 


Drips, J. V 


...1214 


Chamberlin. John 


.1053 


Cross, Philetus N 


.1347 


Driscoll, Robert H 


... 985 


Chandler, George T 


.1107 


Cruickshank, Gregor 


.1301 


DuFram, Philip 


...1795 


Chaney, Morris J 


.1381 


Cull, Loomis S 


.1556 


Duhamel, Peter 


...1647 


Chap, Frank 


.1875 


Cunningham, Michael 


.1838 


Dunlop, Richard 


... 973 


Chapman, H. N 


..1850 


Cunningham, Patrick 


.1869 


Dunn, Aaron 


... 986 


Chase, George J 


..1242 


Curran, Martin E 


.1377 


Dunn, Christopher G... 


...1326 


Chase, William H 


..1304 


Curtin, James 


.1652 


Dutcher, Paul 


...1444 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII— Continued. 



Dwight, Theodore W 1824 

Dwyer, James H 1380 

E 

Eakin, Charles L 1569 

Earl, Duncan 1155 

Eastman, David 1353 

Easton, Carroll F 1344 

Egeland, William 1204 

Elder. William S 1363 

Ellerman, John N 1787 

Ellis. William T 1100 

Elsom. Joseph 1768 

Erlandson, C. A 996 

Everhard, William H., M. D.1697 

Everly. Louis 1716 

Everson, Ole W 1254 

Ewert, Adolph W 1498 

Ewing, James 1209 

Exon, James H 1084 

F 

Fagan. John 998 

Fairbanks, David L 1736 

Farley. Luman B 966 

Fassett. Charles S 1899 

Faust, Emil 978 

Fee, James 1837 

Feeney, Andrew 1787 

Feeney, Michael 1892 

Feige, E. W., M. D 1495 

Feinler. Rev. Franz J 1681 

Felker. M. C. M. D 1874. 

Fenelon, John J 1758 

Perry, Henry L 1342 

Feyder, Charles 1567 

Field, Fredell E., D. D. S...1517 

Fierek, Rev. Edward M 1145 

Finch. Nelson L 1201 

Firey, John H 1623 

Fish, Adrian L 1072 

Fisk, Robert B 1872 

Fitch, Seymour N 1725 

Fitch, Thomas 1127 

Fleeger, Lewis L 1685 

Fleischer, Christian C, D. 

D. S 1187 

Flynn, Rt. Rev. Thomas A. .1580 

Foglesong, George D 1494 

Foley, Andrew P 959 

Folkhard, John J 1305 

Folkstad,, Charles L 1130 

Poncanon. Charles B 1210 

Forest, Samuel E 1379 



Foss, L. William 1137 

Fos?um. Albert W.. D. D. S. .1262 

Fossum, Andrew C 1479 

Fowler, Elijah P 1069 

Fowler, James W 1318 

Fowler, Oshea A 1233 

Fox, Marion L 1574 

Franklin. Harris 1184 

Fraser. Charles H 1889 

Frazee, John S., A. M., B. D.1528 

Frease. Milton 1633 

Freeman, John W 980 

Freidel, Henry 1875 

French, Rev. Calvin H., A. 

M., D. D 1760 

Frier, Herman 1333 

Fry, Joel 1536 

Fry, William C 1842 

Fulford, George H.. M. D.. . .1196 

Fuller, Howard G 1011 

Fullerton, Thomas 1707 

Fulton, Rutherford H 1217 

Fylpaa, John A 1770 

G 

Gaff y, Loring E 1529 

Gage, Luther E 1030 

Gallagher, Joseph P 1565 

Gamm, Edward C 1139 

Gannon, Frank B 1469 

Garey, Herman H 1356 

Gardner Brothers 1033 

Gardner, Milton D 1016 

Garvey, Thomas 1870 

Gerdes. Otto H.. M. D 1664 

Getty, Daniel B 1464 

Geyer, L M 1880 

Giddings, Calvin M 1260 

Giese, Augustus C 1115 

Gifford, A. James, M. D 1179 

Gifford. Oscar S 1010 

Gilhertson, Olaf 1686 

Girton, William W 1578 

Goddard, Thomas M 1719 

Goff, Joel W., A. M 1063 

Goldsmith, Delmont 1031 

Goodner, Ivan W 1766 

Goodrich, Frank D 1532 

Goodwin, James 1866 

Gordon, David S 1164 

Gordon, Robert 1163 

Graber. Joseph P 1194 

Graham, Rev. William 1.. 

D. D 1832 

Grantz, Otto P. T 1291 



Grattan, Orlando T 1607 

Gray, John 1766, 

Graybill, Washington C ISOs" 

Green, Ansel T 1285 

Gregory, Thomas 1025 

Grier, Thomas J 1248 

Griffee, Abraham D 1413 

Griffin, Fred de K 1410 

Griggs, Clifton C 1839 

Gross, Cheney C, M. D 1808 

Gross, Evan F 1806 

Gross, John 1227 

Gross, Philip A 1386 

Grover, George 1491 

Grue, Crist 1788 

Guenthner, Christoph 1210 

Gunderson, Carl J 1206 

Gunkle, Fred W 1496 

Guptill, Seymour A 1017 

Gyllenhammar, Frithiop 

N. H 1132 

H 

Haar. Frederick 1219 

Hacesky, Joseph 1874 

Hahn, H. W 1504 

Haines. Moses 1275 

Hall, James 1694 

Hall, J. L 1610 

Hall. Philo 1485 

Hall, William H 1308 

Halladay, J. F 1429 

Halley, James 1643 

Hamaker, J. E 1103 

Hamilton, George J 1654 

Hammerquist, Peter A 1641 

Hanschka, Edward O 1660 

Hansen, Niels E 1436 

Hansen, Torkel 1538 

Hanson, Olaus L 1156 

Hanstein, H. H., M. D 9S0 

Hanten. John B 955 

Hare, Joseph 1398 

Hare. Rt. Rev. William H. .1465 

Harrington, Jerry T 1667 

Harris, Charles N •. . . .1289 

Harris, John L., M. D 1714 

Harris, T. J 1198 

Harris, Martin 1151 

Harrison. Charles M 1666 

Hart. John S 1259 

Hart, Thomas B 1026 

Hartgering, James 1024 

Hartly, Hugh 1834 

Hartmann, Christian 1337 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII— Continued. 



Harvey, Albert S 1351 

Haskar, Henry 1052 

Hatch, Ira A 1734 

Haugen, Nels 1678 

Hawkins, J. A 18G5 

Hawkins, John R., M. D 1750 

Hawkins, Robert C 1748 

Hayward, Clarence E 1896 

Hazel, C. J 1456 

Hazeltine. Edward 1852 j 

Headley. John S 1218 I 

Healey, Patrick 1247 

Heath. Henry H 1249 

Hedger, Samuel C 1474 

Hegeman Family 1398 

Hegeman, Peter J 1489 

Heidegger. Rev. James J 1708 

Heintz. Paul 1160 

Hejl, Joseph 1029 

Helsted, Carl P 962 

Hemingway, E. E 1622 

Hemmlnger, Edward 1028 

Heninger, Martin R 1283 

Henneous, A. H 1678 

Hepperle. Fred 1813 

Herron, Frank G 1166 

Herther, Philip H 1733 

Hesnard, Theodore 1553 

Heston, John W 1628 

Hickox, Jay R 1701 

Higgins, Rev. J. R 1887 

Hinman, Delatus 1041 

Hinseth, Stengrim 1332 

Hill, Ira C 1172 

Hill, Robert, M. D 1776 

Hill, W. S 1093 

Hoard. John G 1714 

Hoattum, Henry 1865 

Hoese, William 1325 

Hoffman, George H 1771 

Hokenstad, Ole 1837 

Holbrook, Dwight G 1751 

Holcomb, Fred 1638 

Holcomb, Algernon L 1646 

Holcomb, Eugene 1866 

Holden, R. H 1434 

Holleman, William 1021 

Holman, John 1173 i 

Holmes, Albe 1751 j 

Holmes, Charles P 1470 

Holmes, Conrad L 1817 

Holmgren, H., M. D 1893 

Holt, William H 1195 

Holter, Jacob E 1034 

Hoiter, Olaus i^ 1036 

Hoover, Ben P 1514 



Hopkins, George S 1702 

Hopkins, James G 1397 

Hopkins. Roy L 1807 

Hoskin, Clinton D 1111 

Hove, John 964 

Howard, Charles A 1455 

Howard. Charles K 1328 

Howard, Samuel M 1712 

Howell, Samuel P 1789 

Hoy. Samuel A 1663 

Huber. Joseph E 1050 

Hudson, E. E 1855 

Huff. Willard H 1241 

Hughes, Richard B 1658 

Hulseman. John F., Jr 1518 

Hunt, Daniel N 1728 

Hunt, John E 1644 

Hunt. George C 1637 

Hunt, Washington J 1674 

Huntington, Eugene 1487 

Huss. Frank 1882 

Hutchinson, George S 1759 

I 

Ingalls, J. L 1860 

Ingersoll. A. H 1128 

Ingerson. Jesse B 1033 

Inman, Darwin M 1693 

Isaak, Salomon 1782 

Irwin, Eugene F 1368 

J 

Jackson, Franklin T 1481 

Jackson, George S 1668 

Jackson, John H 1474 

Jacobs, Fred 1165 

Jancik, John 1039 

Jarvis, George J 1756 

Jennings, Rudolph D., M. D.1584 

Jewett, Charles A 1483 

Johnson, Alexander C 1489 

Johnson, C. A 1878 

Johnson, Charles E 1331 

Johnson, George F 1662 

Johnson, John 1527 

Johnson, Martin H 1304 

Johnson, P. S 1897 

Johnson, Peter W 1877 

Johnston, James M 1532 

Johnston, James W 1802 

Johnston. William H 1119 

Jolley, John L 1371 

Jolly, Joseph 1644 

Jones, Byron P 1106 



Jones, Daniel D 1253 

Jones, Frederick A 1886 

Jones, Harry E 1207 

Jones, Henry M 1191 

Jones, Rev. Hugh H 1774 

Jones. James G 1108 

Jones. Morgan E 1251 

Jones. Richard R.. M. D 1590 

Jones, Stephen V 1587 

Jones, Thomas 1888 

Jones, William 1885 

Judson, Havilah C 1561 

Jumper, Samuel H. 1467 

K 

Kaucher, Samuel 1870 

Kean, John T 1840 

Keeling, Charles M., M. D..1078 

Kehm, Jacob L 1583 

Keim, John 1783 

Keith, Hosmer H 1177 

Keith, I. A 1601 

Keliher, Maurice 1642 

Kelley, Charles A 1792 

Kenaston, Hampton R.. M. 

D 1783 

Kennedy, Casper 1234 

Kennedy, Charles B 1581 

Kerr, Robert F 1620 

Kiley, J. W 1854 

King, Mrs. Atlanta H 1550 

King, Charles C 1136 

King, John H 1117 

King, John H 1490 

King, Patrick 1839 

Kingsbery, Ira C 1671 

Kingsbury, Edgar J 1826 

Kingsbury, Rev. Lucius 1816 

Kingsbury, Walter R 1518 

Kirsch, Nick 1112 

Kiser, James A 1665 

Klindt, Henry 1215 

Knickerbocker, George C...1608 

Koch, Herman 1836 

Koepsel, William 1054 

Kohler, Alfred 1037 

Korstad, Hans H 1445 

Kozak, Frank 1869 

Kreber, Emil 1243 

Kribs, P. D 1201 

Kroeger, Rev. William, M. D.1856 

Krum, George W 1733 

Kubler, Joseph 1723 

Kutnewsky, John K., M. D. .1511 
Kuhns. Albert J 1246 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII— Continued. 



L 




Lund, John H 


..1397 


McLaughlin, James H.... 


,1624 






Lundin, Andrew H 


..1272 


McLeod, Charles J 


.1480 


Lacey. Rev. Ulysses G... 


..1199 


Lundquist, D. E. A 


.. 988 


McMillan, Andrew P 


.1632 


LaCraft, Orator H 


..1533 


Lvatos, Frank 


..1869 


McNulty, Frank 


.1137 


LaDick, Edward 


..1867 


Lynum, Peter 


..1569 


McQuillen, James 


.1271 


Lamb, D. L. P 


..1002 


Lyon, Leander D 


.. 960 


McVay, John C 


.1188 


Lampert, J. George 


..1405 


Lyons, R. F 


..1890 


Meacham, H. T 


.1805 


I.andmann, Paul 


..1079 






Meier, John 


.1045 


Lane. Thomas W 


..1574 


M 




Mentch, George W 


.1615 


Lane, Warren D 


. .1278 






Mentele, Louise M 


.1857 


Lange, Moritz A 


..1374 


Maeh, Veucel 


..1867 


Merager, Ole S., M. D 


.1901 


LaPlante, Louis 


..1704 


Madden. James 


..1591 


Merrill, Charles W., B. S. 


. 982 






Madill, Alexander 


..1568 


Mesick, Oliver E 


.1414 


Larson, Methias 


..1877 


Madsen, Truels 


..1400 


Metcalf, Homer A 


.1138 


Lashley. Emory C 


..1268 


Mallery, John E 


..1375 


Mettler, Chrlstoph 


.1224 


Lattin, George W 


..1602 


Mansheim, Henry 


..1844 


Meyer, William 


.1299 


Laughlin, John W 


..1447 


Mariner, Frank C 


,.1653 


Meyers, Solomon D 


.1839 


Laughlin, Lemuel B 


..1512 


March, Douglas W 


..1502 


Michaels, John 


. 958 


Laurin. Peter 


..1298 


Martin, Ebeu W 


..1575 


Milburn, J. A. M. D 


.1863 


Law, Thomas J 


..1526 


Martin, Ezra 


..1657 


Miles, Leroy D 


.1828 


Lawrence, Aubrey 


..1435 


Martin, John W 


.. 976 


Miller, George W 


.1588 


Lawson, James M 


..1467 


Martin, U H 


..1891 


Miller, James J 


.1868 


Lawver, J. C, M. D 


..1101 


Martin, Patrick 


..1878 


Miller, Joseph C 


. 956 


Leandreaux, Alexander , . 


..1737 


Martin, Samuel H 


..1309 


Millett, Charles L 


.1430 


Leaning, C. W 


.. 998 


Martin, William H 


..1186 


Milligan, Albert F 


.1478 


LeBlond, Horace W 


..1038 


Marvick, Andrew 


..1131 


Miner, Ephraim 


.1903 


LeCocq, Prank, Jr 


..1710 


Mason, Albert 


..1706 


Mitchell, Benjamin M.... 


.1406 


LeCount, Wallace S 


..1198 


Mason, Walter F 


..1290 


mtchell, George T 


.1121 


LeMay, John H 


..1060 


Masters, George "E 


..1097 


Mitchell, Thomas 


.1020 


Lemmon, Thomas P 


..1529 


Mathews, Hubert B 


..1613 


Mitchell, W. S 


.1848 


Lennan. Charles E 


..1735 


Mathieson, Richard W. . . . 


..1401 


Mix, Frederic' A 


.1684 


Leonard, Joseph P 


..1116 


Mattison, Fay 


..1876 


Monfore, Elmer W 


.1081 


LePlante, Alexander 


..1048 


Maupin, Harry H 


..1348 


Monson, Ellas 


,1129 


Levlnger, Ludwig 


..1505 


Mawhiney, John J 


..1843 


Montgomery, W. L 


.1900 


Ijevinger, Moriz 


..1884 


May, Ernest 


..1264 


Moody, James C 


.1364 


Lewis, Martin J 


..1018 


Maytum, Wellington J., M. 


D.1183 


Moore, David 


.1426 


Liddle, Charles T 


.,1598 


McArthur, Charles A 


..1477 


Moore, Joseph B 


.1499 




..1599 
..1818 










Lien, Burre H 


McCarthy, J. C 


..1861 


Moosdorf, Ernest A 


.1814 


Lien, Jonas H 


..1822 


McCaughey, John J 


..1387 


Morehouse, George 


.1544 


Lincoln, Isaac 


..1216 


McClure, Pattison F 


..1500 


Morgan, William H 


.1261 


Lindley, S. M 


..1849 


McCollum, Mrs. Phoebe L 


..1502 


Moriarty, Maurice 


.1512 


Lindquist, A. W 


..1176 


McCormack, Samuel 


..1847 


Morris, Frank A 


.1774 


Link, Rev. Lawrence 


.. 992 


McCoy, James H 


..1276 


Morris, Henry S 


.1237 


Linn, Arthur 


..1422 


McCrossan, Bernard C.,. 


..1488 


Morris, Silas E 


.1560 


Lilly, William J 


..1410 


McDonald, Charles W.... 


..1156 


Morris, William A 


.14.58 


Locke, Clayton W., M. D. 


.. 967 


McDougall, John E 


..1382 


Morse, James W 


.1814 


Lockwood, Prank B 


..1564 


McDowell, Robert B 


..1493 


Moscrip, Edward 


.1178 


Long, T. B 


..1887 


McGaan, William 


..1452 


Mulcahy, M. Vincent, M. D 


.1369 


Longstaff, John 


..1778 


McGee, Levi 


..1543 


Muller, Henry A 


.1901 


Lord, L. K 


..1379 


McGillivray, Duncan A... 


..1677 


Munro, John A 


. 968 


Lostutter. L. L 


..1605 


Mcintosh, Robert L 


..1878 


Murdy, Robert L., M. D. . 


.1200 


Loveland, Thomas Q 


..1630 


McKeever, Patrick W,,.. 


..1145 


Murphy, Edward J 


.1205 


Lowe, Wiley V 


..1566 


McKibben, Joseph A 


..1896 


Murphy, Francis M 


.1280 


Lum, Charles A 


..1393 


McKinney, Charles E 


..1821 


Murphy, Isaac 


.1883 


Lucas, Sherman P 


..1800 


McLane, J. E 


.1861 


Murphy, John F 


.1404 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII— Continued. 



Murray, William 1 1892 

Mussman, Henry C 1360 

N 

Nash. Newman C Kill 

Natwick, Herman H 1230 

Nedved, Joseph J 1030 

Nelson, James C 1029 

Newbanks, Noah 1648 

Nichols, Rev. D. B 1046 

Nichols, Ira L 1375 

Nielsen, Ole 1347 

Nikodin, Joseph I860 

Nikodyn, Frank 1872 

Noble, Henry 1267 

Noble. H. B.. M. D I486 

Noble, William 1 1537 

Norby, A. J 1236 

Norton, Charles L 1825 

Notmeyer, William C 1373 

Notson, Rev. Gary T 1486 

Null, Thomas H 1698 

O 

Oakes, James A 1893 

Oaks. Herbert D 1565 

O'Brien, William S 1366 

O'Flaherty, Rev. C. B 1695 

O'Gorman. Rt. Rev. Thomas. 1133 

Oldham, Charles T 1868 

O'Leary, Daniel 1208 

Oleson, Andrew H 1666 

Oliver, Benjamin N 1561 

Oliver, Stephen 1834 

Olwin, Anthony H 1287 

O'Neil, Patrick H 1803 

Orstad, Henry 1864 

Osbon, O. M 1354 

Ostrander, George C 1113 

O'Toole, Laurence J 1115 

Overby, Samuel 1773 

Oviatt, Samuel W 1899 

Owens, Mrs. Delia H 1563 

Owens, Matthew 1420 

P 

Packard, Harlan P 1563 

Paine, George T 1551 

Palmer, George W.\ 1502 

Palmer, W. L 1349 

Papik, Joseph 1875 

Parker, Joel W 1392 

Parker, William H 1354 



Parliman, Edwin 1881 

Parliman. Ralph W 1882 

Parmley, Russell G 1463 

Parr. George D., D. D. S 1769 

Parrott, J. H 1848 

Parrott. Richard G 1007 

Paterson, David 1054 

Pease, Addison H 1041 

Pease, Lucius A 1676 

Pederson, Rasmus 1039 

Peek, Lewis V 1197 

Peever, T. H 1140 

Peirce, Henry A 1204 

Pendar. Oliver S 1192 

Perkins, Henry E 1294 

Perley. George A 1157 

Perry, DeLoss 1850 

Perry, George S 1263 

Person, Robert S 1180 

Peterka, Joseph 1356 

Peterson, Jans P 1870 

Peterson, Nels H 1471 

Peterson, Rasmus 1844 

Peterson. Svenning 1835 

Petterson, Edgar B 1875 

Pettigrew. George A., M. D. .1019 

Petrik, Joseph M 1216 

Pfatlzgraff, Philip 1181 

Phelps, Dudley C 1495 

Phelps, Harry E 1382 

Phelps, Henry E 1019 

Phelps, John A 1675 

Philip, James 1824 

Phillips, David 1523 

Phillips, Josiah L., M. D 1516 

Phillips, Thomas B 1S2S 

Philp. Peter 1118 

Pickler, Mrs. Alice M. A 1618 

Pickler, John A 1616 

Pierce, Charles F 1833 

Pierce, P. L 1879 

Pierson, Josiah A 1835 

Pilcher, Joseph E 1727 

Pinsonnault, Charles P 1269 

Piatt, James E 1531 

Plunkett, Matt 1027 

Pond, James H 1257 

Ponsford. Joseph 1032 

Pope, Nathaniel 1407 

'Porter, Clement P 1134 

Porter, John M 1863 

Potter, John T 1403 

Power, Charles 1352 

Pratt, James L 1520 

Price, John J 1061 



Printup, David L 1385 

Pryce, Orville U 1701 

Pyle, John L 1672 

Q 

Quilty, Rev. William F 1135 

Quinn, Michael 1645 

R 

Radway. Edwin M 1871 

Ramsdell, William H 1535 

Randall, Charles A 1273 

Ransom. Albert W 1496 

Rasmusson, Peter 1541 

Read, Abram L 1270 

Reddick. John E 1554 

Reed. John Z 1894 

Reed, Thomas 1603 

Rees, John J 1391 

Reilly. J. T 1835 

Reinholt, Peter C 1841 

Resner, Jacob P 1070 

Rice. Benjamin H 1258 

Rice, Harvey J 1775 

Rice, William G 1670 

Richards, Richard 1576 

Rickert. J. A 1132 

Riley, Fred J 1640 

Riley, James 956 

Ring. Eugene C 1757 

Ringsrud, Amund 1691 

Ripperda, Benjamin 1858 

Ritter, Frederick 1165 

Rix, Fred C 1047 

Rix, George S 1040 

Robb, John M 1762 

Roberts, A. C 1894 

Roberts, Robert D 1252 

Robertson, David 1659 

Robinson, A. P 1055 

Robinson. DeLorme W., M. 

D 1482 

Robinson, Robert 1700 

Robinson. William J 1168 

Rock, H. J., M. D 1894 

Rodabaugh, Elmer E 1439 

Roddle, William H 1469 

Roe, Orvin J 1780 

Rosenkranz, Henry 1367 

Roth, John 1281 

Rounseville, R. A 1853 

Rowlands. William J 1452 

Royhe, Adam 1854 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII— Continued. 



Russell, John H 


...1662 


Slowey, Patrick 


..1333 


Sullivan, David P., M. D... 


.1505 


Russell. Samuel W 


...1449 


Smith, Albert 


..1847 


Sumner, Gaylord E 


.1709 


Ryan. Francis W 


...1797 


Smith, Carey W 


..1619 


Sutter, John B 


.1307 


Ryburn, William L 


...1086 


Smith, Daniel H 


..1473 


Swartz, Orlando P 


.1049 






Smith, Frank P., M. D... 


..1011 


Sweeney, Thomas 


.1632 


S 




Smith, Ira J 


..1018 


Swenson, Die S 


. 967 






Smith, Richard L 


..1149 


Syverson, Emil A 


.1525 


Sanford, John H 


...1073 


Smythe, Homer S 


. . 1530 






Sawyer, John F 


...1457 


Snow, George W 


..1793 


T 




Schaetzel, Jacob, Jr 


...1147 


Snyder, Charles W 


..1059 






Schatfer, Frank J 


...1841 


Solberg, Halvor C 


..1649 


Talsma, Rein 


.1343 


Schamber. Fred W 


...1754 


Solberg, James 


..1594 


Taubman, T. W 


1867 


Schamber, Philip 


...1845 


Solem, Berns J 


..1896 


Taylor, Morrison A., M. D. 


.1099 


Scherer, John 


. . .124.3 


Somers, Herbert W 


..1647 


Taylor, Thomas H 


.1497 


Schlachter, Nicholas J.. 


...1412 


Somers, R. H 


..1506 


Teed, T. S 


.1471 


Schmidt, E. R 


...1378 


Soper. E. B., Jr 


..1900 


Tenneson. Alfred 


.1206 


Schmidt. Isaac 


...1338 


Spackman, Harry L 


..1175 


Thayer, Horace E 


.1006 


Schmierer, John, Jr 


... 997 


Spafford, Fred A., M. D. . 


..1901 


Thielman, Vale P 


.1573 


Schnaidt, Jacob 


....995 


Spargo, .John A 


.. 983 


Thomas, D. C 


.1862 


Schneider, Lewis V 


...1094 


Sparling, John E 


..1418 


Thompson, Charles K 


.1153 






Spaulding, Justin L 


..1775 


Thompson, Elisha K 


.1162 


Schoof, William 


...1492 


Spitler, Zechariah 


..1481 


Thompson, Frank P 


.1262 


Schoonmaker, Francis H. 




Springer, Edward H 


..1306 


Thompson, John R., M. D. 


.1656 


D 


...1596 


Spurrell, George 


..1167 


Thompson, Orville W 


.1427 


Schultz, John W 


...Ubo 


Stainbrook, Isaac 


...976 


Thompson, T. J 


.1862 


Schwarzwald, Samuel . . . 


...1269 


Stanage, James 


..1351 


Thompson. Thomas W 


.1310 


Scollard, John 


...1275 


Stareher, Edwin M 


..1417 


Thornby, William J 


.1357 


Seaman. Fred A 


...1776 


Stearns, Royal B 


..1056 


Thorne, Albion 


.1570 


Searle. John K 


...1265 


Stearns. W. F 


.. 999 


Thorp, Gustavus C 


.1389 


Sears. Frank 


...1552 


Stecher, Thomas P.. D. D 


..1549 


Thorson, Andrew 


.1476 


Sears, Herman V 


...1459 
...1312 


Steele Albert 


984 




1014 


Secomb, Rev. Charles . . . 


Steere, Alton E 


..1534 


Thronson, John A 


.1525 


Sedam. Robert T 


...1256 


Steftens, Albert H., M. 


D., 


Throop, Albert E 


.1441 


Sedgwick, John W 


...1711 


D. D. S 


..1224 


Tidrick. Charles D 


.1507 


Seeley, Charles E 


...1043 


Stehly. Joseph J 


..1765 


Tiffany Brothers 


.1266 


Seymour, Arthur H 


...1058 


Stenger. Edward 


..1726 


Tiffany, Fred L 


.1749 


Shanafelt, Thomas M., D, 


D.1482 


Stephens, Charles A 


..1886 


Tiffany, 0. M 


.1266 


Shannon, Junius W 


...1122 


Stephens, James H 


..1846 


Tiffany, W. J 


.1266 


Sharp, William A 


...1683 


Stevens, E. P 


..1893 


Todd, Isaac J 


.1323 


Sheldon, Edward T 


...1211 


Stevens, Rev. S. H 


..1777 


Todd, John B. S 


989 


Sheldon. John H 


...1823 


Stevens, Thomas A 


..1508 


Tompkins, Walter P 


.1538 


Sheldon, Josiah 


...1169 


Stewart, James A 


..1730 


Torrence. Chester C 


.1071 


Shepard, James H 


...1394 


Stewart, James L., M. D. 


..1335 


Toy, Edward C 


.1386 


Sheridan, John S 


...1240 


Still, Alfred H 


..1685 


Tracy, Erwin J 


.1193 


Sherin, A 


...1110 


Stillwill, Charles H 


..1144 


Traverse, Barney 


.1902 


Shei-wood, Carl G 


...1539 


Stillwill, Charles M 


..1142 


Treon, Frederick, M. D. . . 


.1513 


Sherwood, Carter P 


...1431 


Stokes, D. G 


..1593 


Trimmer, George M 


.1680 


Shoun, Vest P 


...1559 


Stokes, William H 


..1111 


Truman, Philetus C 


.1612 


Shouse, Hiram C. M. D 


...1376 


Stoller, John 


..1812 


Trygstad, Cornelius 


.1902 


Sikmann, Bernart 


...1349 


Stoughton, John C 


..1008 


Tschetter, Jacob 


.1669 


Simmons, John C 


...1625 


Straks, Rev, Henry, A. M 


..1448 


Tubbs, Newton S 


.1741 




1738 




..1555 


Tucker. Henry C 


.1005 


Sinon, Martin G 


...1885 


Strunk. Henry 


..1895 


Turkopp, William H., M. D 


.1176 


Skilling, Irving R 


...1895 


Stuart. Thomas M 


..1390 


Turner. John L 


.1076 


Skillman Ernest D 


993 




1460 


Turney, Charles F 

Tuve. Anthony G 


1 Qf.n 


Slowey, Bernard 


...1332 


Sullivan. Boetious H.... 


..1605 


.1451 



INDEX TO CHAPTER CIII— Continued. 



Tyler, F. D 


...1892 


Walker, Delbert T .... 


... 953 


Williams, Richard 


..1655 


Tyler, Lawrence S 


...1329 


Wallis, S. R., M. D 


...1889 


Williams, William H 


..1817 


Tyler, Levi S 


...1190 


Walpole, William 


...1317 


Williamson, George N 


..1279 


Tyson, Frederick 


...1895 


Waltner, Andrew J.... 


...1227 


Williamson, John H 


..1577 






Walts, Cyrus 


...1231 


Williamson, Rev. John P. 


. .1702 


U 




Wangsness, Marcus H . . 


... 965 


Willrodt, Lawrence H... 


..1183 






Wangsness, Thomas . . . 


... 964 


Willson, Mordecai, M. D. . 


.. 997 


Uecker, Carl 


...1880 


Ward, P. B 


...1548 


Wilmarth. Albert W 


..1696 


Ugofsky, Michael 


...1236 


Warren, C. P 


...1898 


Wilson, Edward H 


..1324 


Uhrich, John B 


...1179 


Warren, Rev. Henry K., 


M. 


Wilson, E. S 


..1889 


Unruh. Rev. Heinrich P 


...1336 


A., LL.D 


...1066 


Wilson, John E. C 


..1522 






Watkins, Samuel P.... 


...1651 


Wilson, James W 


..1627 


V 




Wattson, Bert G 


...1515 


Wise, Wilson 


..1528 






Weaver, Archie 


... 959 


Wipf, Andreas A., M. D. 


..1219 


Valentine. William B... 


...1065 


Weaver, John R 


...1757 


Wipf, Joseph W 


..1220 


Van De Mark, Prank E. 


...1674 


Webb, Frank W 


...1428 


Witte, August C 


..1558 


Van Metre, Arthur C... 


...1408 


Weddell, Charles 


...1239 


Wixson, Eli B 


..1720 


Varnum, Rev. Joseph B. 


...1798 






Wolcott, W. B 


..1679 






Veneeek, John 


...1876 


Wegener, Joseph 


...1876 


Wood, Chauncey L 


..1557 


Vetter, Anton V 


...1694 


Welsh, Mahlon 


...1635 


Wood, George A 


..1692 


Vetter, John S 


...1286 


Wenke, John G 


...1297 


Wood, Lewis E 


..1458 


Vincent, Christopher S., 


M. 


Wertherer, Joseph 


...1880 


Wood, Willis R. . . 


..1194 


£) 


. .1689 


West, John E 

Westfall, John 


...1257 
...1851 


Woods, James M 

Woods, Richard J 


..1636 


Voll, William 


...1844 


..1830 


Voorhees, Samuel T 


...1295 




1S8S 


Wyman, F. D 




Wheelock, E. D 


...1152 




W 




Whitbeck, Almon C... 
White, Norman D 


...1462 
...1042 


Y 




Wade, N. M., M. D 


...1898 


Whiting, Charles S.... 


...1595 


Young, Sutton E 


..1105 


Wagner, Edward E 


...1087 


Wickheim, P. F 


...1091 






Wait, Levi D 


...1081 


Wickre, Hans 


...1746 


Z 




Waldron, Charles W.... 


...1472 


Wicks, Frederick D.... 


...1075 






Waldron, George P.... 


...1440 


Williams, Andrew G... 


...1408 


Zietlow, JohnL. W 


..1752 


Walker, Benjamin L. . . 


...1148 


Williams, Morris M.... 


...1762 


Zitka. Joseph 


..1143 



CHAPTER Clll-CoNTiNUED. 



PERSONAL AIEXTIOX OF CITIZENS OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



OTTO C. BERG, who is now serving his 
second term as secretary of state of South Da- 
kota, is one of the prominent and influential 
citizens of the commonwealth and has here main- 
tained his home for more than a score of years, 
so that he is entitled to the distinction of being 
classed among the pioneers of this favored sec- 
tion of our great national domain. Mr. Berg 
comes of stanch Norseland lineage and is him- 
self a native of Norway, having been born in 
Brottum, Ringsager, on the loth of September, 
1849, and being a son of Christian T. and 
Christence Berg, who are both now dead. The 
subject secured his educational training in the 
excellent national schools of his native land and 
instituted his independent career by securing a 
clerkship in a general store at Lillehammer, later 
becoming bookkeeper in a wholesale establish- 
ment at Drammen. In 1873 he came to America 
and located in \\'isconsin, becoming one of the 
prominent citizens of Norwalk, Monroe county, 
where he served as postmaster and also held the 
office of county clerk. In 1883 he came to what 
is now the state of South Dakota and took up his 
abode in Northville, Spink county, where he en- 
gaged in the general merchandise business, build- 
ing up a prosperous enterprise in the line. For 
six years he served as clerk of the circuit and 
county courts, manifesting an active concern in 
public affairs and early becoming one of the lead- 
ers in the ranks of the Republican party of the 
state. In 1900 he was elected secretary of state 
and was chosen as his own successor in 1902, so 



that he is incumbent of this responsible and exact- 
ing office at the time of this writing. He is a lead- 
ing Republican and takes a deep interest in the 
furtherance of the principles and policies of the 
party. His religious faith is that of the Lutheran 
church, while Mrs. Berg and family are devoted 
members of the Congregational church. Fra- 
ternally he is affiliated with Redfield Lodge, No. 
34, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, at Red- 
field ; Redfield Chapter, No. 20, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons ; South Dakota Consistory, Ancient Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite Masons, in Aberdeen; and 
Northville Lodge, No. 36. Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, at Northville. 

On the 1st of May, 1879, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Berg to ]\Iiss Edith O. Rowe, 
who was born at Coldspring, Jefferson county, 
Wisconsin, being a daughter of David R. Rowe, 
an influential citizen of that place. Of this union 
have been born three children, Edna Mathea, who 
died January 8, 1904, at the age of twenty-three 
years ; Christine, who died in infancy, and Paul 
B., who is sixteen years of age at the time of 
this writing, in 1904. 



DELBERT T. WALKER, superintendent of 
schools for Codington county and proprietor of 
the Watertown Commercial College, is a native 
of the Hawkeye state, having been born in Mount 
Auburn, Benton county, Iowa, on the 25th of July, 
1867, and being a son of George H. and Julia S. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



(Gillette) Walker, the former of whom was 
born in England and the latter in the state of 
Connecticut, while they were numbered among 
the pioneers of Benton county. Iowa, where they 
still maintain their home, the father of our sub- 
ject having been formerly engaged in farming 
and in mercantile pursuits, while for nearly a dec- 
ade and a half he has served as postmaster at 
Afount Auburn, being one of the honored and 
influential citizens of the county. He came to 
America in 1843, ''"d was a resident of Iowa at 
the time of "the outbreak of the war of the Re- 
hellion. He signalized his loyalty to the land of 
his adoption, since, in 1862, he enlisted as a pri- 
vate in Company G. Thirteenth Iowa Volunteer 
Infantry, with which he was in active service 
until the close of the war. when he received his 
lionorable discharge. He participated in many 
of the most notable battles of the great conflict, 
having been a member of General Grant's forces 
at Chattanooga and Vicksburg. while later he took 
part in the Atlanta campaign and accompanied 
Sherman on the ever memorable march to the 
sea. 

The subject, who is the only child of his ]iar- 
ents. completed the curriculum of the public 
schools of his native town, being graduated in the 
Mount Auburn high school as a member of the 
class of 1887, while later he completed courses 
in the commercial and normal departments of 
the Cedar Rapids (Iowa) Business College, be- 
ing graduated in each. He also was for a time 
a student in the Iowa State University, at Iowa 
City, but did not complete a course. Mr. Walker 
began , teaching at the age of eighteen years, 
and in i8go came to Watertown. to accept the 
position of principal of tile commercial college 
here, retaining the incumbency for a period of 
five years.- after which he was for one year prin- 
cipal of the Curtis Business College, in St. Paul, 
^Minnesota. He then returned to his native town, 
where he was principal of the public schools for 
one and one-half years, when he resigned and 
returned to Watertown, purchasing the Water- 
town Commercial College, which he has since 
conducted, having greatly amplified the functions 
and usefulness of the institution and brought it 



up to the highest standard of excellence in all 
its departments. He was elected county super- 
intendent of schools in 1900, and that his course 
met with popular endorsement was shown in his 
re-election, in 1902, without opposition. He is 
enthusiastic in his work, a careful and conscien- 
tious executive, and has done much to further 
educational interests in tlie county. He is a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees of the public library 
of Watertown and took an active part in secur- 
ing the donation for the new Carnegie library, 
vv-hich is to be erected in the near future, at a cost 

I of fifteen thousand dollars. 

: Professor Walker is a stanch advocate of the 

I principles and policies of the Republican party, 
and fraternally is prominently identified with 

' the Masonic order and the Knights of Pythias. 
In the former he has completed the round of the 

! York Rite bodies, including the commandery of 
Knights Templar, while he has served as wor- 
shipful master of the blue lodge, and as recorder 
of \\'atertown Commandery. Xo. 7. Knights 
Templar, and keeper of records and seals of 
Trishocotyn Lodge, No. 17, Knights of Pythias, 
having held the latter office ever since he was 
constituted a Knight of Pythias with the excep- 
tion of an interval of six months, while in 1893 

j he represented the local Masonic lodge in the 
grand lodge of the state, at Deadwood, and has 
thrice been a delegate to the grand lodge of the 
Knights of Pythias in South Dakota. 

On the 25th of July, 1892. Professor Walker 
was united in marriage to Miss May A. Slat- 

j tery, who was born in Ohio, being a daughter 

I of David A. and Margaret (Jones) Slattery. the 
former now deceased and the latter is now a resi- 
dent of Watertown, South Dakota. She had 

\ been a successful teacher in the public schools 

I of South Dakota prior to her marriage. Profes- 
sor and Mrs. Walker have two children, Blaine 
E. and Hazel M. 

Watertown Commercial College was estab- 
lished in 1887. The school enrolls from one 
hundred to one hundred and twenty-five pupils 
per year and is adding from fifteen to twenty per 
cent, increase each year. The courses are com- 
mercial, shorthand and tyjiewriting, and normal. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



955 



JOHN B. HAXTEN, an eminent attorney 
of Watertown, Codington county, is a native 
of Minnesota, having been born on a farm in 
Scott county, January 20, 1859. He is a son of 
Henry and Anna M. (Leas) Hanten, who were 
born in Luxemburg. Germany. Henry Hanten 
was a man -of erudition and sterling character, 
and was for a number of years engaged in teach- 
ing, in colleges and public schools, while finally 
he engaged in agricultural pursuits in Minne- 
sota, whence he came to Watertown, South Da- 
kota, shortly prior to his death, wdiich here oc- 
curred on the 28th of March. 1882. at which 
time he was fifty-two years of age. He was 
graduated in the institute at Luxemburg and 
later completed a four years' course of study in 
the university at Charles LeRoy, France. He 
was a son of Jean and Susanna (Thobes) Hen- 
ten, the former having been a prosperous farmer 
in Luxemburg, Germany, where he passed his 
entire life, his son, the father of the subject, 
having come to America in 1854. 

John B. Hanten accompanied his parents to 
Germanv when seven years of age. and in the 
excellent schools of that land received his early 
education, having been graduated in the gym- 
nasium at Larochette as a member of the class 
of 1873. and thereafter taking a post-graduate 
course in Luxemburg, Germany, where he re- 
mained until 1874, when he returned to the 
United States and in 1878 located at Kranz- 
burg. Codington county. South Dakota, where 
he was conducting a hotel until 1884. when he 
engaged in the hardware business in that town. 
In 1886 he was appointed clerk of the district 
court, and thereupon disposed of his business in 
Kranzbnrg and took up his residence in Water- 
town. He held this incumbency for six years, 
within which interval he had devoted much time 
to the reading of law, and in the fall of 1892 
he was admitted to the bar of the state, having 
thoroughly grounded himself in the science of 
jurisprudence. On the 23d of December, 1893, 
Mr. Hanten was appointed receiver of the 
Ignited States land office in Watertown, remain- 
ing in tenure of this office until March 17, 1898. 
when he resumed the practice of his profession. 



in which he has met with distinctive success. 
In the fall of the same year he was elected to 
represent his district in the state senate, serv- 
ing one term, while he was the candidate of his 
party for a second term, in 1900, but met de- 
feat which attended the party ticket in general 
throughout the state. He has ever been a stal- 
wart advocate of the principles of the Demo- 
cratic party, in whose cause he has been an 
active and effective worker. Mr. Hanten is at 
the present time president of the Business Men's 
Union, of Watertown, and likewise one of its 
directors. He served four years as a member 
of the National Guard of South Dakota, being 
raised to the rank of sergeant, while later he was 
assistant chief of supplies, with rank of major, 
on the staf¥ of ex-Governor A. C. Mellette. He 
is identified with the Catholic Order of Forest- 
ers, in which he is state chief ranger at the time 
of this writing, having held the office from the 
time of the organization of the order in the 
state, in 1900. He and his wife are communi- 
cants of the Catholic church, being members of 
Immaculate Conception church, in whose work 
they take an active interest. Mr. Hanten was 
one of the organizers of the Watertown State 
Bank, of which he is president, and he ever 
shows a deep interest in all that makes for the 
progress and material prosperity of his home 
city and state. In 1878 his father purchased a 
large tract of railroad land in what is now 
South Dakota, and several of his sons, including 
the subject, came here to do their part in settling 
and developing the country, encountering the 
varied experiences and vicissitudes of pioneer 
life on the plains. 

At Kranzburg. this state, on the 25th of 
January, 1881, Mr. Hanten was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Margaret A. Kranz. daughter of 
Matthew and Margaretha (Ludwig) Kranz, 
both of whom were born and reared in Germany, 
whence they emigrated to Minnesota, and then 
to South Dakota, being numbered among the 
first settlers of Codington county, while the town 
of Kranzburg was named in honor of Mr. 
Kranz. Mrs. Hanten was born at New Trier, 
Dakota countv, Minnesota, on the 2d of Julv, 



9S6 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1862. The subject and his wife are the parents 
of nine children, namely: Henry M., assistant 
cashier and bookkeeper in the State Bank ; Mar- 
garet; Louisa; John H. ; Mary: Helen; ]\Iatthe\v 
W. ; Eleonora and Raphael E. 



JOSEPH C. MILLER, the pioneer lumber 
dealer of the attractive city of Watertown, was 
born in the province of Ontario, Canada, on the 
22d of July, 1847, being a son of Frederick and 
Catherine (Near) Miller, the former of whom 
was born in Germany and the latter in the state 
of Pennsylvania, his father having been a cler- 
gyman of the Lutheran church and a man of ex- 
alted character and marked ability. He died in 
1 881 and his devoted wife passed into eternal 
rest in 1845. The subject received his early ed- 
ucation in the common schools of Wisconsin, 
whither his father had removed in 1849. ^nd 
he then supplemented this discipline by a course 
of study in a business college in the city of Mil- 
waukee, where he was graduated in 1865. There- 
after he was employed as clerk in connection with 
the great lumber industry in that state, 
until 1867, when he removed to Minne- 
sota, where he continued to be identified with 
the lumber business until 1878, when he came to 
Watertown, Dakota territory, where he opened 
the first lumber yard in the village, which then 
had a population of about twenty inhabitants. 
He has shown distinctive energy and enterprise, 
and the scope of his business has increased with 
the growth and development of the city and 
county, and has now reached large proportions, 
his yards being well equipped with all kinds of 
lumber and building material, while his trade 
extends throughout a wide radius of country 
tributary to the city of Watertown, which is now 
a thriving town of five thousand population. 

Mr. Miller has ever been found stanchly ar- 
rayed in support of the principles and policies of 
the Republican party, in whose work he has ta- 
ken an active part. He was elected to repre- 
sent his district in the state senate in 1893, ^'^d 
made an excellent record in the general assem- 
bly, serving for the regular term of two vears 



and to the satisfaction of his constituents and 
the public in general. He is at the present time 
a member of the board of education of Water- 
town. He and his wife are prominent and zealous 
members of the Lutheran church, and he is at 
the present time a member of its board of trus- 
tees, in which capacity he has served for six 
years. 

On the 3d of September, 1873, at Winona, 
Minnesota, Mr. Miller was united in marriage 
to iliss Lena Kissling, who was born in that 
state, being a daughter of Jacob Kissling. ]\Ir. 
and Mrs. IMiller have six children, namely : Lot- 
tie, Walter, Joseph, Lena. Ella and Flora. 



JAMES RILEY, one of the leading business 
men of Watertown and senior member of the 
firm of Riley & Cook, manufacturers and dealers 
in harness, saddlery, etc., is a native of Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, and the son of Ber- 
nard and Elsie (Keough) Riley, the father born 
in Ireland, the mother in New York, the latter a 
descendant of one of the old Dutch families of the 
Empire state. James Riley was born August i, 
1848, and at the age of six years was taken to 
Missouri, where he lived until a youth of four- 
teen, the meanwhile receiving a common-school 
education, and on leaving home in 1862 entered 
upon a three-years apprenticeship in Jefferson 
City to learn harness-making. After serving his 
time and becoming a skillful workman, he ac- 
companied his parents to Omaha, Nebraska, and 
there followed his chosen calling until 1868, 
when he changed his location to Missouri Val- 
ley, Iowa, at which place he remained with his 
parents until their respective deaths. From 
Iowa Mr. Riley, in 1875, went to Yankton, South 
Dakota, and after working at his trade in that 
city for two years, came to Codington county in 
1877 and settled on government land a short dis- 
tance north of the present site of Kampeska, 
where he in addition to filing on a homestead 
also took up a tree claim. In 1880 he engaged in 
the manufacture and sale of harness at W'ater- 
town. his establishment being the first of the kind 
in the place. To this line of business he has since 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



devoteil his attention, althoug:h for a few years 
he resided on a farm, of which he is still the pos- 
sessor, using it of recent years more as a summer 
resort than as a source of income. His business 
career has been eminently prosperous, he having 
secured an extensive patronage and his estab- 
lishment is now one of the leading business 
stands in the city. 

When Mr. Riley filed on his first homestead 
in Codington county the nearest town was Canby. 
fifty miles away, and he was obliged to travel over 
the modest distance of twenty-four miles to com- 
municate with his closest neighbor, though C. C. 
'\\'ilcy and O. S. Jewell (now deceased) accom- 
panied him in May, 1877, and all took land on 
Lake Kampeska. When the county was organ- 
ized he was appointed sheriff, and it fell to him 
to make the first arrest, which was of the man 
who committed the first murder within his juris- 
diction. 

Mr. Riley has been actively irlcntified with 
public affairs ever since the county's organiza- 
tion and has done much to advertise the advan- 
tages of his part of the state to the world and 
induce a substantial and thrifty class of people i 
to make it their permanent place of abode. In 
addition to his large and steadily growing busi- 
ness in Watertown he has extensive real-estate 
interests in the county, owning four hundred 
acres of fine farm and grazing land, much of 
which is under cultivation, the rest being devoted 
to live stock. He is a leading spirit in the Odd 
Fellows fraternity at ^^^atertown, haying held 
every ofiice within the power of the local lodge to 
confer and in addition to the title of past noble 
grand, which he now bears, he is also past chief 
patriarch of the order. Fie is a Congregation- 
alist in religion, being a zealous member of the 
First church at ^^^atertown and a trustee of-the 
same. 

Mr. Riley was married at Owatonna, Minne- 
sota, March 6, 1884, to :\Hss Helen Coggswell, 
who was born in 1857. near Owatonna, when 
Minnesota was still a territory. Mrs. Rilev is 
the daughter of Amos and Harriet (Clark) 
Coggswell and a descendant of old colonial 
stock that figured in the early history of New 



England and in the war of the Revolution. Her 
father was born September 29, 1825, in New 
Hampshire, was a lawyer by profession and for 
a number of years acted as attorney for the gen- 
eral land office at Washington, D. C. Subse- 
quently he migrated to Minnesota, with the early 
public affairs of which state he became prom- 
inently identified, having been one of the lead- 
ing members of the constitutional convention and 
in i860 represented his county in the lower house 
of the general assembly. He served a number 
of years in that body, was speaker of the house 
from 1872 to 1875 inclusive, and later was elected 
to the senate, besides holding other offices, among 
which was that of probate judge of Steele county. 
He was a son of Francis Coggswell, also a law- 
yer, and the father of the latter was Col. Amos 
Coggswell. who held a commission in the Amer- 
ican army during the war of the Revolution and 
who at one time was presented with a beautiful 
sword by General Washington, in recognition of 
bis bravery in battle. This weapon is now in 
possession of 'Sir. Rilev. who prizes it as a pre- 
cious heirloom. Mrs. Rilev and her sister, Abby, 
now the wife of M. T, McCrady, of Owatonna, 
^Minnesota, located homesteads on the edge of 
Kampeska Lake, ten miles north of Water- 
town, in 1878, and livefl on their respective claims 
for a period of five years and six months, prov- 
ing up on the same and receiving patents from 
the government. They experienced many vicis- 
situdes and hardships during that time, suffered 
much from cold in winter seasons, but, deter- 
mined to hold their lands, they persevered in 
their purpose until, as stated above, deeds for the 
same were safely in their possession. Both ]\Ir. 
and ]\Irs. Riley are descended from pioneer stock, 
their respective ancestors from the Revolutionary 
period to the present time having steadily moved 
westward and figured in the frontier history of 
many states and territories. They have had 
three children, only one of whom, a daughter by 
the name of Helen Irene, is living: the other two 
were Amos C, who departed this life at the age 
of six years, and James C, who died in infancy. 
In politics Mr. Riley is a Republican and has 
long been one of the party's leaders in Coding- 



958 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ton county. While zealous in upholding his 
principles and untiring in his efforts to promote 
the success of the ticket, he is not a partisan in the 
sense of seeking office, being too deeply absorbed 
in his business affairs to devote much time to 
his own political interests. 



CHARLES T. CAMPBELL, born Cham- 
bersburg, Pennsylvania, 1823. Served in Mexi- 
can war and Rebellion ; was made brigadier gen- 
eral by President Lincoln for bravery in action. 
Came to Dakota in 1866. Prominent in Demo- 
cratic politics. Lived at Scotland, and died in 



JOHN l\nCHAELS. one of the prominent 
citizens and honored pioneers of Codington 
county, is a native of Mecklenburg. Germany, 
where he was born on the 29th of Alarch, 1843, 
being a son of John and ]\[innie (Schroeder) 
Michaels, who passed their entire lives in the 
fatherland, the former having been there 
identified with agricultural pursuits during the 
major portion of his life. The subject received 
his educational training in the excellent schools 
of his native land, and thereafter followed farm- 
ing there until 1866, when he severed the ties 
which bound him to home and fatherland and set 
forth to seek his fortune in the new world. On 
July 1st of that year he was united in marriage 
to Miss Lena Dahl, who accompanied him to 
America, and who has proved to him a devoted 
wife and helpmeet. He located in Dodge county, 
Wisconsin, becoming the owner of a good farm, 
but meeting with such reverses during the 
financial panic of 1873-4 that he was finally com- 
pelled to dispose of his property at a great sac- 
rifice. In 1 881, in the hope of recuperating his 
resources, he came with his family to what is 
now the state of South Dakota and located in 
Codington county, where he purchased one 
hundred and sixty acres of railroad land, twelve 
miles north of Watertown, which was then a 
mere hamlet of a few primitive houses. He was 
verv successful in his efforts, in which he had the 



assistance of his sons, and in time became the 
owner of one and one-quarter sections of land, 
while he made the best improvements on the 
property and in time became one of the most 
prosperous and influential farmers and stock 
growers of the county in which he had settled as 
a pioneer. He has retained in his possession 
four hundred acres of his land, the remainder 
being now in the possession of his sons. Mr. 
Michaels continued to reside on his ranch until 
1897 when he removed to AA'atertown, where he 
has an attractive modern residence, at 220 Elm 
street. L'pon coming to town he became as- 
sociated in the clothing business, as previously 
noted tuider the firm name of Nelson & 
Michaels, and they have a finely equipped estab- 
lishment at the corner of Kemp and ]\Iaple 
streets, carrying a large and complete stock of 
clothing, men's furnishing goods, etc., and cater- 
ing to an extensive and appreciative trade. The 
firm also have a branch store at Clark, in the 
countv of the same name, and this also controls 
an excellent business. 

3,lr. ^lichaels is a man of sterling integrity, 
marked individuality and much business acu- 
men, and he has ever shown a lively interest in 

I the welfare of the county and state of his adop- 
tion. He served for six years as a member of the 
board of county commissioners, being an un- 
compromising Republican in his political pro- 
clivities, and in 1894 he was elected to represent 
Codington county in the state legislature, where 
he made an excellent record, being chosen as 
his own successor in 1896. Since that time he 
has been practically retired from public affairs, 
though he still manifests much interest in the 
questions and issues of the hour. He and his 
wife are prominent members of the German 
Lutheran church and take an active part in the 
various departments of its work. 

Mr. and ]\Irs. Michaels are the parents of 
five children, concerning whom we offer the 
following brief data in conclusion of this sketch : 
Herman is a member of the clothing firm of 
Nelson & Michaels ; Anna is the wife of Henry 
Stein, of Codington county: John R. ; ]\Iax C, 

i who married Miss Ella Weber, is a clergyman 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of the Lutheran church and is pastor of the 
cluirches at Henry, Grover and Carrollton; 
Frank B. is superintendent of the branch store 
maintained by the firm of Nelson & Michaels at 
Clark. 



ARCHIE WEAVER, one of the pioneer 
merchants and highly esteemed citizens of 
^^'aterto\vn, was born in Dayton, Ohio, on the 
loth of December. 1853, being- a son of Jacob 
and Louisa \\'eaver. The father died when the 
subject was but two years of age, and the latter 
secured his early educational training in the 
common schools of Grand Rapids, Wisconsin. 
He was early thrown on his own resources, so 
that he stands as the architect of his own for- 
tunes, having gained success by worthy means 
and by close application and hard work. For 
some time prior to coming to the territory of 
Dakota he was engaged in general merchandis- 
ing in the cit\' of Grand Rapids, Wisconsin. He 
came thence to Watertown in 1879, becoming 
one of the early settlers of the town, and here 
he established a small general store, which 
figured as the nucleus of his present large and 
profitable business enterprise. He was one of 
the first merchants of the town, and has at all 
times shown a public-spirited interest in its 
progress and material prosperity. In politics he 
gives his support to the Democratic party, and 
fraternally is identified with the local organiza- 
tions of the Modern Woodmen of America and 
the Ancient Order of L^nited Workmen. He has 
an attractive residence in the eastern division of 
the city, and is the owner of other real estate, 
including his place of business, which is a two- 
story structure of brick. 

At twenty-five years of age ^Ir. Weaver was 
united in marriage to Miss Clara M. Clark, who 
was born in Iowa. Her father died when she 
was but a child, and her mother subsequently 
became the wife of D. C. Thomas, and now re- 
sides in Watertown. Mr. and Mrs. Weaver be- 
came the parents of three children : Guy died in 
infancy, and Florence E. and Franklin L. stil! 
remain at the parental home. 



ANDREW P. FOLEY, one of the sterling 
citizens and progressive business men of Water- 
town, Codington county, comes of stanch Irish 
lineage and is a native of the beautiful capital 
city of Wisconsin, where he was born on the 
13th of January. 1859, being a son of Matthew 
and Mary (Gahen) Foley, both of whom were 
born and reared in Dublin, Ireland. They came 
to America about 1849, and the father of 
Andrew P. Foley located in Dane county. Wis- 
consin, where he became a farmer, while his 
sterling characteristics made him one of the 
popular and honored citizens of that section. 
Both he and his wife died in Wisconsin, and 
thev are survived bv their four sons and three 
daughters. 

Andrew P. Foley was reared to manhood in 
his native state, and received his educational 
discipline in the parochial and public schools. 
At the age of sixteen years he entered upon an 
apprenticeship at the blacksmith trade, becoming 
a skilled workmen. He continued to follow the 
work of his trade in Wisconsin and Minnesota 
until 1880, when he came to South Dakota and 
took up his residence in Watertown, which then 
had a population of about one thousand persons. 
Soon after his arrival he established a horse- 
shoeing shop, which he conducted successfully 
for several years. For the past three years he 
has also done an excellent business in the han- 
dling of agricultural implements and machinery, 
carriages, buggies, wagons, etc. He is endowed 
with the alert mentality and business acumen 
so characteristic of the race, and has so effect- 
ively ordered his affairs as to have attained a 
position of independence, being one of the well- 
to-do citizens of the county. He is the owner 
of about two thousand acres of excellent farm- 
ing land in Codington and Hamlin counties, and 
derives good returns from his agricultural and 
stock-raising interests, while he also has a con- 
siderable amount of property in Watertown, in- 
cluding his place of business and also his fine 
residence, at the corner of Warner and Cotton- 
wood streets. 

In politics Mr. Foley is a stanch Democrat 
and takes an active part in forwarding the cause 



960 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of the party of his choice. In 1890 he was 
elected sheriiif of Codington county, in which 
capacity he served four years, giving a most able 
administration and gaining unqualified popular 
endorsement. In 1898 he was elected to repre- 
sent his county in the lower house of the state 
legislature, serving during the sixth general as- 
sembly and doing all in his power to secure wise 
and effective legislation. He and his wife are 
communicants of the Catholic church, being 
prominent members of Immaculate Conception 
parish, and fraternally he is affiliated with the 
Catholic Order of Foresters and the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. 

On the 1st of November, 1888, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Foley to Miss Dora 
Rourk. who was born in Eden, Wisconsin, being 
a daughter of John and Mary Rourk. Of this 
union have been born seven children, namely: 
Francis died on the i8th of May. 1902, at the 
age of nine years: Thomas died January 19, 
1904, aged nine years, and those surviving are 
Andrew, John, Marie, Catherine and Willard. 
Mrs. Foley also passed away on the 17th of 
August, 190^, after a brief illness. 



LEANDER D. LYOX. deceased, was a na- 
tive of the state of ^Michigan, having been born in 
Hudson, Lenawee county, on the Qth of No- 
vember. 1847. and being a son of Lyman J. and 
Amanda (Davenport) L}on. His father was a 
soldier in the Mexican war and died when the 
subject was a child, so that the latter was early 
thrown upon his own resources, his educational 
advantages having been those afforded in the 
common schools of his native state. When but 
twelve years of age he entered a newspaper of- 
fice and finally completed a full apprenticeship 
at the printing trade, becoming a very skilled 
workman. He proved the truth of the statement 
that the discipline of a newspaper office is equal 
to a liberal education, and became a man of 
broid information and distinctive intellectuality, 
wliile he gained recognition as an able and force- 
ful writer. He was for a time editor of a paper 
in his native town, and later published a paper 



in Fayette, Ohio, from which place he removed 
to Circleville, Ohio, where he became editor and 
publisher of the Union Herald. He was also 
for some time identified with newspaper work 
in Detroit, IMichigan, and Buffalo. New York. 
In the former city he was awarded a diploma 
for having executed the finest specimen of job 
printing among a large number of contestants, 
having been specially- capable in this line, while 
throughout his life he ever aimed to -attain per- 
fection in all that he undertook. In 1882 Mr. 
Lyon left Circleville, Ohio, and came to the ter- 
ritory of Dakota, locating in Watertown, where 
he became associated with Messrs. C. G. Church 
and F. A. Barr in the publishing and editing of 
the Courier-News, which issued daily and weekly 
editions. He eventually purchased the interests 
of his two partners and continued the enterprise 
individually for a number of years. He then 
established here a paper to which he gave the 
name of Public Opinion, and made the same a 
powerful factor in the community. He was a 
man of strong individuality and decided views, 
and was fearless in the expression of his opin- 
ions through his paper, and thus he naturallv 
created some enmities in his efforts to promote 
the best interests of the community and. though 
antagonism was created, his views were finally 
widely recognized and approved by the better 
element in the community and state, his paper be- 
coming one of the most valuable and successful 
properties of Watertown. He finally sold the 
plant and business of the Public Opinion to the 
firm of Ransom & Corey, and shortly afterward 
became superintendent of the \\'atertown ^^'ater. 
Light and Power Company. At the time of his 
assuming this office the affairs of the company 
were in a deplorable condition and the service 
was far from what it should have been. Though 
new to the work, Mr. Lyon brought to bear his 
excellent business judgment and dominating en- 
ergv and soon the effects became evident in the 
improvement of the system and in the placing 
of the business upon a profitable basis. Of this 
position he continued incumbent until his death. 
He served in various offices of local order, and 
in politics gave an uncompromising allegiance to 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



961 



the Republican party. During the war of the Re- 
belhon Mr. Lyon rendered vahant service in de- 
fense of the Union, having been a member of a 
regiment of Michigan \'olunteer Infantry, and 
he ever afterward maintained a deep interest 
in his old comrades in arms and was a prominent 
member of the Grand Army of the RepubHc. 
As his father was a soldier in the Mexican war, 
he also became affiliated with the Sons of Veter- 
ans, having served as colonel of the state organ- 
ization of the same in South Dakota, while the 
ramp of. the order at Blunt was named in his 
honor. He was also affiliated with the ^lasonic 
fraternity, in which he attained the Knight Tem- 
plar degrees, while he was a charter member of 
the lodge in Watertown. He was also a member 
of various other fraternal and social organiza- 
tions, while he was one of the organizers of the 
A\'atertown Business Men's Union, of which he 
was secretary for a number of years. While he 
was publishing the Public Opinion his paper was 
the first in the state to suggest the name of Ben- 
jamin Harrison in connection with the nomina- 
tion for President of the United States, and in 
recognition of this fact he received a most gra- 
cious and appreciative personal letter of thanks 
from Mr. Harrison. He was one of the most in- 
sistent advocates of the division of the territory 
of Dakota and did most effective service in se- 
curing the admission of South Dakota to the 
Union. Mr. Lyon was summoned into eternal 
rest on the 30th of January, 1903, after a brief 
illness, and his death came as a personal bereave- 
ment to the people of Watertown, while through- 
out the state the press gave high tribute to his 
memory and to the work which he had accom- 
plished as a public-spirited and progressive citi- 
zen and as a man of exalted integrity. His fu- 
neral was one of the most notable ever held in 
Watertown, business being practically suspended 
nt the time, while many of the prominent citizens 
f'-oni divers parts of the state came to pay a last 
mark of respect to one whose life had been al- 
together worthy. 

In the city of Detroit, ^lichigan, on the 13th 
of August, 1866, was solemnized the marriage 
of Mr. Lvon to Miss Anna R. Baker, who was 



born in Bufifalo, New York, whose death occurred 
November 15, 1886. His second wife, who sui- 
vives, was Miss Emma Anderson, of Janesville, 
Wisconsin. His daughter, Mirriam, is now the 
wife "of W, J, McMath, who is the local repre- 
sentative of the New York Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company. They have three children. 
Ralph, Dwight and Miriam. Frank W., the 
younger of the two children, was born in Buf- 
falo, New York, on the 13th of April, 1871, and is 
now a jobber and retail dealer in crockery, stone- 
ware, glassware, lamps, etc., in Watertown, be- 
ing one of the progressive and successful busi- 
ness men of the place. For five years he held the 
office of sub-agent at the Standing Rock Indian 
agency, in North Dakota, and for three years 
had a similar incumbency at the Cheyenne 
agency, in South Dakota. He had previously 
been a traveling salesman for a leading whole- 
sale crockery house in the city of ^Minneapolis. 
In politics he is a Republican, and is the present 
city treasurer. 

On the 19th of November, 1895, Frank W. 
Lyon was united in marriage to iMiss Imelda 
.Marie McLaughlin, the daughter of Colonel 
James McLaughlin, who was chief inspector in 
the Indian service, having been appointed dur- 
ing the administration of General Grant, Mrs. 
Lyon passed away on the 14th of February, 
1898, leaving one child, James R. S. On the 
15th of April, 1901, at the Cheyenne River 
agency, ]\Ir. Lyon married Miss Helen May 
Crane, who was born in Titusville, Pennsyl- 
vania, and who was at the time of her marriage 
in the government service, having charge of the 
hospital at the government agency mentioned, 
her professional training having been secured in 
one of the leading hospitals of the city of Cleve- 
land, Ohio, Of this union were born two chil- 
dren, Elizabeth, who died in infancy, and Ra- 
mona Martha, born July 28, 1903. 



C. M. BUTTS, son of Jacob S. and Alalinda 
(Johnson) Butts, was born on a farm in Dela- 
ware county. New York, April 15, 1843, his 
parents also being natives of the Empire state. 



962 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



In 1848 the family removed to Wisconsin, set- 
tling in Waupaca county, and it was there that 
the subject grew to maturity, spending the in- 
tervening years as his father's assistant on the 
farm and attending, as opportunities afforded, 
the public schools near the homestead. While 
thus engaged the great Civil war broke out and, 
fired with patriotic zeal, he enlisted. May 19, 
1861, in Company D, Third Wisconsin Infantry, 
but by reason of being a minor was discharged 
the following July. Two years later, however, 
he was more fortunate in entering the sendee, 
being accepted in July, 1863, by the same com- 
pany and regiment in which he had previously 
attempted to enlist, joining his command at the 
front in time to participate in some of the 
fiercest and most noted battles of the war. He 
shared with his comrades the vicissitudes of the 
Atlanta campaign, took part in several bloody 
engagements in the vicinity of that city, and 
later marched with General Sherman on the cele- 
brated march to the sea. Mr. Butts served 
bravely and gallantly until the downfall of the 
rebellion, after which he returned home, and in 
the fall of 1866 removed to Olmstead county, 
Minnesota, where he purchased land and en- 
gaged in the pursuit of agriculture upon his own 
responsibility. After living in that countv until 
1S78, he sold his farm and removed to the county 
of Watonwan, in the same state, where he made 
his home until i8gi, at which time he disposed 
of his interests in Minnesota and changed his 
residence to South Dakota, locating in Garret- 
son, with the growth and prosperity of which 
thriving city he has since been identified. For 
some years following his arrival in Garretson 
I\Ir. Butts was engaged in the drug business, 
but in 1895 he sold his establishment and 
turned his attention to real estate, in which he 
soon acquired an extensive and lucrative patron- 
age. Being energetic and knowing how to take 
advantage of opportunities, he found himself in 
due time on the high road to prosperity, his 
business affairs having prospered and all of his 
investments proving fortunate. In the sum- 
mer of 1901 he erected the Grand hotel, the 
largest and best patronized house of public en- 



tertainment in Garretson, and in addition 
thereto has put up other buildings from time to 
time, thus adding very materially to the growth 
and substantial improvement of the city, 

Mr. Butts was married in Fillmore county, 
Minnesota, May 5, 1866, to Miss Katie M. 
Conan, a native of Canada, the union resulting 
in the birth of two children, the older of whom, 
Edith M., wife of Dr. C. W. Locke, died in the 
month of August, 1891 ; Claude, the second 
daughter, dying at the age of twelve years. ]\Ir. 
Butts has served several terms as alderman, and 
as a member of the council did much to advance 
the interests of the municipality and promote the 
city's development. He cast his first vote for 
Abraham Lincoln, a fact of which he feels justly 
proud, and ever since that time has been a 
pronounced Republican, zealous as a party worker 
and manager, and outspoken in the advocacy 
and defense of his principles. He has never 
been an office seeker, preferring to labor for the 
advancement of his friends' political interest 
rather than his own. 



CARL P. HELSTED. who has already 
passed life's meridian and is now living in hon- 
orable retirement, is a sturdy son of Scandinavia, 
liorn September 18, 1830, in the romantic and 
historic country of Sweden. His father being a 
farmer, he too was reared a tiller of the soil and 
followed that time-honored calling in the land 
of his nativitiy imtil 1868, in June of which vear 
he took passage for America on the steamer 
"Great Eastern," and after a voyage of sixteen 
days' duration landed in the harbor of New York. 
From that city he went to Chicago, Illinois, 
thence, after a short time, to ^lichigan, where 
he spent about three months at railroad work, 
at the expiration of which time he transferred 
his residence to Iowa, where he was similarlv 
employed for a limited period. From the latter 
state he went to Omaha, Nebraska, but after 
spending some six months in the railroad shops 
of that city, he removed to Plattsmouth, where 
for about one year he kept a boarding house. 
Mr. Helsted's next move was to Sioux Citv, 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



963 



Iowa, where he also opened a boarding house 
and after conducting the same with encouraging 
success until 1872, he disposed of the establish- 
ment and came to Minnehaha county. South Da- 
kota, locating a homestead in Branden town- 
ship, which in due time he improved and con- 
verted into a fine farm. Mr. Helsted made a 
judicious selection of land, having been among 
the early settlers of the county with excellent 
opportunities for looking over the country and 
comparing the relative merits of its different 
parts. He put up substantial buildings and, de- 
voting all of his energies to agriculture and stock 
raising, succeeded in accumulating a competence 
of sufficient magnitude to enable him, in the fall 
of 1901, to retire from active life. He sold his 
farm that year and, purchasing a beautiful home 
in Garretson, moved to the same and since then 
he has been enjoying the fruits of his many 
years of toil and thrift in a life free from care 
and anxiety. 

]\Ir. Helsted was married in his native land, 
and two of his five children were born and lie 
buried near his old ancestral home. One child 
died in Sioux City, Iowa, and the two surviving 
are Louise, the wife of W. W. Cole, of Clay 
county, and Frederick, who lives in Montana. 
iMr. Halstead served as constable of Branden 
township and, although a zealous and uncompro- 
mising Republican, he has never been an office 
seeker, having preferred the quiet life on the 
farm, and the simple title of citizen to any pub- 
lic honors within the power of his fellow men to 
bestow. He was reared in the Lutheran faith, 
and since an early age has been a faithful and 
devoted member of the Swedish Lutheran church, 
being at this time one of the pillars of the con- 
gregation in Branden township and one of its 
most liberal contributors. He was treasurer of 
his church for three vears. 



ELTQENE E. CROSS, of Garretson, presi- 
dent of the Minnehaha State Bank, was born in 
Juneau county, Wisconsin, August 13, 1859, and 
at the early age of nine years was left practically 
an orphan by the death of his father, Daniel P. 



Cross, a farmer and stock raiser of that state 
and an estimable citizen of the community in 
which he resided. Shortly after the death of his 
father, young Cross was taken by relatives to St. 
Charles, Minnesota, but after spending a short 
time at that place, he went to live with his 
grandfather, near Iowa Falls, Iowa, in which 
state he grew to maturity and received his edu- 
cational training. Reared on a farm, he early 
became accustomed to the varied duties of agri- 
culture and, reaching manhood's estate, found 
himself well qualified bv this training to face the 
future and to enter upon a career which from 
the beginning gave every promise of ultimate 
success. 

In December, 1S81, Mr. Cross came to South 
Dakota and engaged in the grain trade at Lake 
Preston, Kingsbury county, where he remained 
for a period of six years, during which time he 
built up a large and flourishing business, realiz- 
ing from the same handsome financial profits. 
Later he took up a homestead in Clark county, 
but after living on his land about two years, re- 
moved to Palisades, where for a period of one 
year he operated the first hardware store in the 
town. From Palisades he came to Garretson, 
where he also engaged in the hardware business, 
being the first to bring a special line of that 
kind of merchandise to the city, and it was not 
long until he forged to the front as one of the 
most enterprising and public-spirited merchants 
of the place. He devoted his attention ex- 
clusively to hardware for a period of eleven 
years, at the expiration of which time, in March, 
1901, he disposed of his stock and the summer 
following erected the handsome stone building 
now occupied by the Minnehaha State Bank, 
which institution he organized and in the man- 
agement of which he has since been a leading 
and influential factor. 

Mr. Cross has been president of the bank 
ever since its organization and under his able 
management and judicious control it has become 
one of the popular and reliable monetary estab- 
lishments in the eastern part of the state, doing 
an extensive business in all lines of banking, and 
by its presence adding greatly to the high r<;pu- 



964 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



tation Garretson enjoys among her sister cities 
of South Dakota. ^Ir. Cross is not only an ac- 
complished business man as the term is 
generally implied, but having made a close and 
comprehensive study of monetary questions, he 
is especially well informed concerning the same, 
and may be considered an authority on all mat- 
ters relating to finance and banking. He has 
been prominent in the public affairs of Gar- 
retson ever since becoming a resident of the 
same, has served with great acceptance as mayor 
of the city, and for some time past has been a 
member of the common council. Fraternally, 
be is identified with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, being a charter member of Lodge 
No. 74, at Garretson, and at different times an 
honored official of the organization. 

Mr. Cross has been remarkably fortunate in 
promoting his various business interests, being 
the possessor of a fortune of no small magnitude, 
including in addition to a number of valuable 
city properties and private capital, a fine farm of 
two hundred and forty acres, admirably situated 
in one of the richest agricultural districts of 
Clark county. 

Mr. Cross was married at St. Charles. Min- 
nesota, in the year iSgo. to r^Iiss Florence E. 
r.lair, of that state, the union being without issue. 



JOHX HO\'E. an enterprising business man 
of Garretson. is a nati\'e of Fillmore countv, ]\Iin- 
nesota, where his birth occurred on the 25th dav 
of September, 1864. Reared on a farm he was 
early taught the dignity of honest toil and. grow- 
ing up with habits of industry deeply imbedded 
in his nature, was well qualified at the proper 
time to assume the stern duties of life. He en- 
joyed the advantages of a common-school edu- 
cation, and after remaining with his parents and 
assisting with the labors of the farm until at- 
taining his majority, he left the home circle and 
in 1S85 came to Minnehaha county. South Da- 
kota, where_ he followed agriculture for some 
years as a renter. Later, in 1893. Mr. Hove 
purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
EiHson townshii?. which he reduced to cultiva- 



tion, improved with good buildings and stocked 
with cattle and other domestic animals, in due 
time converting the land into a fine farm, on 
which he made his home during the nine years 
following. In the spring of 1902 he turned his 
place over to other hands and changed his abode 
to Garretson. where one year later he effected a 
co-partnership in the hardware business with Mr. 
Munson. which, under the firm name of Hove & 
Munson, is now one of the leading mercantile 
establishments in the city. By close attention to 
business and by judiciously consulting the de- 
mands of the trade, these gentlemen have secured 
a large and lucrative patronage, and, although 
but recently estalilisbed, their house has steadily 
come to the front until, as stated in the preceding 
paragraph, it is now one of the successful and 
popular places of business in a city where com- 
petition in all lines is lively and where only the 
capable and far-seeing succeed. Mr. Hove served 
five years as a member of the Edison township 
official board and also filled the office of assessor, 
in both of which capacities his course was credit- 
able to himself and satisfactory to the public. 

Mr. Hove has faith in the future of his city 
and county, and to the extent of his ability is 
applying his energies to the promotion of the 
welfare of each, being interested in whatever 
concerns the material prosperity of the commu- 
nity and a willing supporter of all enterprises 
having for their object the intellectual, social 
and moral well-being of the same. 

Mr. Hove was united in marriage, in Minne- 
haha county. March 25. 1888. to Miss Lovisa 
Munson. who. like himself., is a native of ]\Iinne- 
sota. both having been born in the county of 
Fillmore, that state. 



THO^IAS WAXGSNESS. one of the en- 
terprising and progressive business men of South 
Dakota, having official connection with the Kad- 
ing monetary institutions of Minnehaha coiintw 
was born in Calmer. ^Vinneshiek county, Iowa, 
on the 31st day of January, i860, the son of 
Herman and Bertha ( Tviedt ) Wangsness, botli 
parents, as the names indicate, being natives nf 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



965 



Norway. The father, a farmer by occupation, i.s 
still living, the mother having departed this life 
in Worth county, Iowa, about the year 1900. 

The subject of this review was a lad of 
twelve years when his parents moved from Win- 
neshiek to the county of Worth, and he grew to 
young manhood in the latter county, his early 
life including the experiences common to the 
majority of boys born and reared amid the stir- 
ring and invigorating discipline of the farm. At 
intervals, during his minority, he attended the 
public schools near his home, and in the summer 
seasons assisted in cultivating the fields, harvest- 
ing the crops and looking after the other in- 
terests of agriculture with which country lads 
early become familiar. At the age of nineteen 
he severed home ties and, going to Winnebago 
county, engaged in general merchandising, to 
which line of business he devoted his attention 
tluring the ensuing twelve years, meeting with 
well-merited success the meanwhile. Disposing 
of his stock at the expiration of the period noted, 
Mr. Wangsness accepted the position of traveling 
salesman with a harvester company, which he 
represented on the road about three years, dur- 
ing which time he traversed a large area of terri- 
tory, built up an extensive trade, and established 
an enviable reputation as a capable, far-seeing 
and thoroughly reliable business man. Severing 
his connections with the above concern, Mr. 
Wangsness, in 1893, came to ^Minnehaha county, 
South Dakota, locating at Garretson, where he 
invested some of his means very judiciouslv, 
erecting in due time the beautiful and imposing 
business house now occupied by the State Bank, 
of which he has been president ever since the 
organization of the institution, the year follow- 
ing his arrival. He was the leading spirit in es- 
tablishing this bank and, under his executive 
management, it rapidly grew in public favor, in 
the course of a few years becoming not only the 
leading establishment of the kind in IMinnehaha 
county, but, as already stated, one of the most 
successful and popular monetary institutions in 
the eastern part of the state. 

The Garretson State Bank, which is backed by 
men of high character and large experience, has 



a paid-up capital of ten thousand dollars, with 
deposits many fold that amount, and in addition 
to general banking does a large and growing 
business in the matter of farm loans, also gives 
especial attention to collections, besides repre- 
senting a number of the leading insurance com- 
panies of the United States and acting as an 
agency for various steamship lines. Its patron- 
age in the various departments is large and far- 
reaching and its influence upon the material in- 
terest of Garretson has done more than any other 
agency to give the city the high reputation it 
has long enjoyed as an important commercial and 
'business center. 

In addition to his connection with the bank. 
Mr. Wangsness has been called at different times 
to assume other responsible trusts, among which 
was that of treasurer of the Garretson school 
board, which position he held a number of years, 
and he has also served several terms in the city 
council. He has a beautiful home in Garretson, 
over which a lady of refined tastes and varied 
culture presides with gentle grace and womanly 
dignity. Her name prior to her marriage was 
Miss Belle Aker, a native of Norway, and she 
is now the happy mother of two children, who 
answer to the names of Paul and Benjamin. 



MARCUS H. WANGSNESS, merchant and 
leading citizen of Garretson, is a native of Nor- 
way, the son of Herman and Bertha (Tviedt) 
Wangsness, and dates his birth from September 
8, 1846. When about eight years of age he was 
brought to America by his parents and during 
the ensuing two years lived in Dane county, 
Wisconsin, at the expiration of that time remov- 
ing with the family to Winneshiek county, Iowa, 
and settling at the town of Calmer. After 
spending about four years at the latter place, the' 
family residence was transferred to Burr Oak 
Springs, in the same county, and there the sub- 
ject grew to maturity, the meanwhile receiving 
a good practical education in the public schools, 
also turning his hands to various kinds of em- 
ployment. i\Ir. Wangsness spent about fifteen 
years at Burr Oak Springs, and at the end of 



966 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



that time removed to Worth county, where he 
followed agricultural pursuits until 1870, in con- 
nection with which vocation he also devoted con- 
siderable attention to the handling of farm ma- 
chinery, in the sale of which he met with en- 
couraging success financially. In the above 
year he left the parental roof and in the spring 
of the same year united in marriage with Miss 
Olena Olsen, a native of Chicago, but of Nor- 
wegian descent, and immediately thereafter set- 
tled at Northwood, Iowa, where during the ten 
years following he did a flourishing business in 
the handling of all kinds of agricultural imple- 
ments and farm machinery. Discontinuing that 
line of trade at the expiration of the timfe noted, 
he resumed the pursuit of agriculture and fol- 
lowed the same in Worth county until 1877, 
when he came to South Dakota and took up a 
homestead and timber claim in the county of 
Moody, improving the former and living thereon 
for a period of seven years. Returning to Iowa 
in 1884, he became associated with his brother 
Thomas in the mercantile business, the firm thus 
constituted lasting about four years, at the end 
of which time they sold their stock, the subject 
shortly thereafter coming to South Dakota and 
locating at Palisades, Minnehaha county, where 
in due season he engaged in general merchandis- 
ing. At the end of two years he removed his 
stock to Garretson, where he has since con- 
ducted a large and lucrative business, being at 
this time one of the leading merchants of the 
city with a patronage which is constantly grow- 
ing in magnitude and importance. 

Mr. Wangsness served a streasurer of Pali- 
sades township and since moving to Garretson 
has held the office of city treasurer, school 
treasurer and for several years has been a mem- 
ber of the board of education, in all of which 
positions he exhibited marked devotion to dutv 
and a high order of business talent. He has 
been quite successful in the prosecution of his 
various interests, owning, in addition to his store 
and valuable city property, three hundred and 
twenty acres of fine land in Moodv county, this 
state, and a quarter section in Palisades town- 
ship. Minnehaha countv. 



Mr. and Mrs. Wangsness have eight children, 
the following of whom are living : Bertha, Ole, 
Helen, Ida, Perry and Milven ; the two deceased 
are Ellen, who died in infancy, and another 
daughter, also named Ellen, who departed this 
life when a young lady of sixteen. 



LUMAN B. FARLEY, proprietor of the 
leading drug house in Garretson, South Dakota, 
and a gentleman of high standing in social, as 
well as in the commercial and professional cir- 
cles, is a native of South Dakota, and has spent 
all his life within its borders. His parents, L. T. 
and Carrie A. (Warner) Farley, came to South 
Dakota in 1868 from Rock county, Wisconsin, 
and settled in Lincoln county, where, entering 
land, the father engaged in farming and stock 
raising. 

Luman B. was born on the homestead in Lin- 
coln county, August 19, 1870, and grew up in 
close touch with nature, receiving his educational 
training in the public schools. In 1885, when 
a youth of fifteen, he took up the study of phar- 
macy and in due time, by close application and 
critical research, succeeded in mastering the pro- 
fession, after which, in August, 1898, he engaged 
in business at Garretson, where, as already 
stated, he now owns a large and thoroughly 
stocked establishment, with a patronage second 
to that of no other drug store in the city. Mr. 
Farley's business career has been eminently cred- 
itable, prosecuting from the beginning a series 
of advancements which demonstrate not only a 
business ability of high order and superior pro- 
fessional training, but also a personal worth that 
has won him the confidence of the public. 

Mr. Farley is a man of excellent habits, stands 
well with all classes of people and, being public- 
spirited and enterprising, gives his influence and, 
when necessary, his material assistance to en- 
courage the growth and development of the city 
in which he resides. Fraternally he is a member 
of the Masonic brotherhood, also belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias, and in politics supports the 
Republican party. 

Mr. Farlev is a married man and the father 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



967 



of two bright and interesting children, whose 
names are Wava and Roy. Mrs. Farley, for- 
merly Miss Laura Christiansen, a native of Iowa, 
lived for some years in Canton, South Dakota, 
at which place her marriage was solemnized. 



CLAYTON W. LOCKE, M. D., of Garret- 
son, South Dakota, was born January 24, 1862, 
near the town of Brockport, New York, where 
his father, Elisha Locke, also a native of the 
Empire state, had long been engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. The maiden name of the sub- 
ject's mother was Sarah Way, a member of an 
old and well-known family of New York, who 
passed the greater part of her life on the home 
farm, near the place referred to above. The 
Doctor's childhood and youth, under the whole- 
some discipline of the farm, were similar in most 
respects to the experiences of the majority of 
boys reared in close touch with nature in the 
country, and he grew up strong in body and 
resolute in purpose. He received a prettv thor- 
ough mental training in the schools of his native 
place and after assisting his father with the work 
of the farm until his twentieth year, left home to 
take uj) the study of medicine, which he began 
in 1884. Subsequently he entered the Louisville 
IMedical College, Louisville, Kentucky, from 
which he was graduated in 1888, and immedi- 
ately thereafter he came to South Dakota, in 
search of a favorable opening, locating in due 
time in Minnehaha county, where he practiced 
with encouraging success until his removal in 
1890 to Garretson. Since the latter year the Doc- 
tor has risen rapidly in his profession and now 
takes high rank among the leading physicians 
and surgeons in the eastern part of the state, hav- 
ing a large and flourishing practice. 

Dr. Locke prepared himself for his life work 
by rigid discipline and critical research, and dur- 
ing his preliminary study and collegiate course 
neglected no favorable opportunity to increase his 
knowledge and fit himself for the practice. He 
has never ceased being a student, and ever since 
opening an ofifice of his own his leisure has been 
devoted closely to study and original investiga- 



tion, the result being a continued advancement in 
all branches of the profession. While making 
every other consideration subordinate to his 
chosen calling. Dr. Locke has not been a passive 
spectator of current events in his adopted state, 
but with a commendable public spirit, he earlv 
liccame an active participant in the same. As 
an ardent Republican and leader of the party, he 
has made his influence felt in a number of local, 
district and state campaigns, and in recognition 
of his services he was elected in 1901 to represent 
Minnehaha county in the legislature of South 
Dakota. His record as a member of that body 
was eminently satisfactory to his constituents and 
to the people of the state, but, not desiring further 
honors in this line, his legislative experiences 
ended with the one term for which he was chosen. 
The Doctor served two terms as mayor of Gar- 
retson, and for several years has been a member 
of the city school board. By diligent attention to 
his profession and by the exercise of the busi- 
ness qualities for which he is also distinguished, 
he has been fortunate in a financial way, owning 
at this time in addition to his city property and the 
respectable fortune at his command, over nine 
hundred acres of fine land in South Dakota, 
which is increasing in value with each succeed- 
ing year. 

Dr. Locke has been twice married, the first 
time in the fall of 1889 to Miss Edith Butts, of 
.St. James, Minnesota, a union terminated by the 
death of the wife after a brief but happy wedded 
experience of one and a half years' duration. 
Subsequently, July 10, 1895, he contracted a mat- 
rimonial alliance with Miss ]\Iary L. Conan, who 
has borne him the following children: Edith, 
Lillian. Clavton and Donald. 



OLE S. SWENSON, the capable incumbent 
of the ofifice of warden of the South Dakota state 
penitentiary, in Sioux Falls, and one of the 
highly honored citizens of the state, is a native 
of Hallingdahl, Norway, where he was born on 
the 9th of November, 1845, being a son of Swen 
and Julia (Moen) Swenson, both of whom were 
likewise native of Norway, though both families 



968 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



were of Scotch extraction in the respective 
paternal lines, both great-grandfathers of the 
subject of this sketch having been Scotchmen 
who emigrated from their native land to Nor- 
\vay. The father of the subject was engaged in 
farming in Norway until 1857, when he emi- 
grated with his family to the United States, set- 
tling in XicoUet county, Alinnesota, in which 
state he passed the remainder of his life, becom- 
ing a successful fanner. His death occurred in 
1870, and the mother died in April, 1903. Of 
their six children five are yet living. 

Ole S. Swenson was reared to the age of 
twelve years on the old home farm in Norway, 
where he secured his early educational training, 
and he then accomi>anied his parents on their 
emigration to America, being reared to maturity 
in ^Minnesota and there availing himself of the 
advantages of the public schools of Nicollet 
county. In 1863 he went to St. Peter, that state, 
where he secured a position as clerk in a general 
store. In 1876 he engaged in the hardware 
business there, but one year later he removed his 
stock to Grand Meadow, Minnesota, where he 
was successfully engaged in business until 1880, 
when he disposed of his interests there and came 
to Sioux Falls, arriving here on the 15th of Sep- 
tember of that year. In this city Mr. Swenson 
established himself in the same line of enterprise, 
in which he successfully continued until 1893, 
when he sold out, soon afterward purchasing an 
interest in the flour mill at Valley Springs, this 
county, and with the operation of this plant he 
was successful until 1902. 

Mr. Swenson has given an unfaltering sup- 
port to the Republican party from the time of 
attaining his legal majority and has been an 
active worker in its cause. In 1886 he was 
elected treasurer of Minnehaha county, and was 
chosen as his own successor in the election of 
1888, thus serving four years and giving a most 
faithful and able administration of the fiscal 
affairs of this important county. From 1898 until 
1902 he was chairman of the Republican central 
committee of the county. He has attained a 
position of distinction in the ]\Tasonic fraternity, 
in which noble and time-honored institution he 



has advanced to the thirty-second degree of the 
Scottish Rite, being also identified with the 
Mystic Shrine and enjoying marked popularity 
in the fraternit)-. In May, 1901, Mr. Swenson, 
upon the recommendation of Governor Herreid, 
received from the state board of charities and 
corrections the appointment of warden of the 
state penitentiary, in which office he has ser\^ed 
with most perfect efficiency, proving a strict 
disciplinarian and able executive and showing- 
that deep humanitarian spirit which is so 
essential in dealing with those of criminal in- 
stincts. 

In 1870 yir. Swenson was united in marriage 
to Miss Celia Thompson, of Nicollet county. Min- 
nesota, who died in 1878. leaving two children. 
Arthur Ward, now residing in Winnipeg. 
Canada, and Josephine, who is at the present 
time in Europe. On the 20th of August, 1880, 
was solemnized the marriage of ]\Ir. Swenson 
to Miss Eliza S. Ranney, of Grand Meadow, 
Minnesota, and they are the parents of three 
children, William L., Norma and Ernest Stuart. 



JOHN A. :\IUNRO, president of the \\^i!- 
mot Land and Loan Company, of Wilmot. was 
born in Nova Scotia, October 18, 1853, the son 
of Donald and Nancy Munro, the father a native 
of Scotland and by occupation a stone-mason 
and contractor. John A. attended the country 
schools, and later pursued the higher branches 
in the Pictou Academy and took up the study of 
pharmacy under the direction of a druggist of 
his native place. After becoming familiar with 
the business, he went to Minnesota, where he 
followed his chosen calling from 1878 to 1879. 
and in the latter year came to South Dakota, 
and established a drug house at Big Stone City, 
which he conducted very profitably during the 
six years following. 

In 1883 Mr. Munro was appointed clerk of 
court for Roberts county, which office he held 
for four years. In 1885 he removed to Wilmot. 
where he has resided ever since. During his 
term as clerk of court he devoted his leisure time 
to the study of law and was admitted to practice 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



969 



in 1888, but did not engage very actively in the 
practice, turning his attention rather to real es- 
tate and banking, which he found more to his 
taste and much more profitable. He is a direc- 
tor of the First State Bank of Wilmot, and to 
him is due the credit of organizing the Wilmot 
Land and Loan Company, of Wilmot, of which 
he IS president at present, and which, as much 
as any other agency, has tended to the settlement 
and material development of Roberts county and 
other parts of eastern Dakota. 

Mr. Munro ever since coming west has been 
actively identified with the affairs of Wilmot 
and Roberts cnunty. He was sergeant-at-arms 
in the house of representatives during the legis- 
lative session of 1885, was largely instrumental in 
carrying his county and district that year for the 
Republican party, and as a politician his influ- 
ence has been strong and far-reaching. As a 
citizen he is progressive and thoroughlv up to 
date, lends his encouragement and material sup- 
port to everything making for the public good 
and having faith in the future of his adopted 
state, is manfully doing his part to make it come 
up to his high ideal of what a commonwealth 
should be. 

;\Ir. JMunro belongs to the ^ilasonic fraternity, 
in which he now holds ofiice of junior warden, 
and is also an active member of the Ancient Or- 
der of L"nited Workmen and the Lidependent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, being at this time district 
deputy of the last named organization. In the 
month of December, 1892, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Munro and Miss Carrie E. 
Phanso, of Pennsylvania, a union blessed with 
five offspring, namely : Kenneth Donald, Gladys 
Irene, Carroll Jean. Doris Ella and Alyrtle Lu- 
cile. 



WALTER A. BURLEIGH, second delegate 
in congress, born in Waterville, Maine, October 
2^, 1820. Was a physician and lawyer. Agent to 
Yankton Indians, 1861-65. Delegate in con- 
gress, 1865-69, several times member of ter- 
ritorial legislature and state senator. Died at 
Yankton, 1896. 



WILLIAM FRANCIS TEEMAN BUSH- 
NELL was born at Peru, Illinois, December 3, 
1857. At fourteen years of age his parents re- 
moved to Evanston and there he attended the 
Northwestern University for two years. He 
possessed great natural musical talent and much 
attention was given to his musical education 
both at Evanston and at home. At that period 
he hoped to make music his life work. His 
father was a government contractor in the con- 
struction of lighthouses and life-saving stations 
on the great lakes and at seventeen he was given 
charge of workmen upon these structures and 
for three years was so engaged upon his father's 
undertakings. At the age of twenty he set out 
upon his long cherished musical career, teach- 
ing, composing and publishing his compositions 
and giving concerts through Illinois, Iowa and 
Dakota, whither he came in 1884 and established 
himself at Huron. In his boyhood he had earned 
his first money in a printing office and that class 
of work still had some attractions for him and, 
finding the Dakota Farmer struggling for an 
existence, he took it up and soon became the 
owner of the property and under his manage- 
ment, though it required long years of untiring 
effort and unremitting kidustry, he made a splen- 
did success of it. He was most discriminating in 
his efforts to secure for his journal a standing 
in the confidence of his readers and was 
tenacious in his purpose to exclude from it every- 
thing of a questionable or misleading character. 
Mr. Greeley relates a circumstance in point. It 
was during one of the hard years in the reaction- 
ary period following the boom. Times were 
everywhere hard and cash for ordinary expenses 
almost unobtainable. One morning Mr. Bush- 
nell was opening his mail in Mr. Greeley's pres- 
ence when a check for a large sum dropped from 
a letter. It was from a commission house of 
questionable standing enclosing an advertisement 
which it desired run in the Farmer. Mr. Bush- 
nell promptly refused the advertisement and re- 
turned the check, although the advertisement of 
that firm at the very time was found in all of the 
leading farm papers of the country. He was 
of an intense and enthusiastic temnerament and 



970 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



most of the great farmers' enterprises owed their 
promotion to his initiative. Among these are the 
State Agricultural Society and the state fair, the 
State Dairymen's and Buttermakers' Society, 
the Woolgrowers' .\ssociation, the Farmers' 
Alliance and kindred organizations. 

From boyhood he was a consistent member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, and con- 
tinued this relation throughout his life, ever 
foremost in every movement requiring effort and 
money. For twelve years he was superintendent 
of the Sabbath school and his musical talent 
made him an indispensable member of the choir 
and a leader in all musical functions of the 
church. He gave his time, money and energy 
unreservedly to missionary work and his chari- 
ties were only limited by his means. He was in- 
tenselv interested in the promotion of the great 
moral reforms, and especially in efforts looking 
ti3 the suppression of the evils of the liquor 
traffic. In the campaign for prohibition accom- 
panying the adoption of the state constitution he 
accepted the most burdensome position of sec- 
retary and field manager, and, practically setting 
aside his personal business, took hold with his 
tireless vigor, directing the movement of the 
speakers, the arrangements for meetings and all 
of the tiresome details of the campaign and the 
splendid victory at the polls was due in a large 
measure to the energ}- and enthusiasm with 
which he inspired the workers throughout the 
state. 

r\Ir. Bushnell was married at Huron, on June 
2, 1886, to Miss Blanche Van Pelt, of Indiana, 
who throughout the remaining years of his active 
life was his sympathetic assistant and advisor. 
To them three children were born, Paul, Fred- 
erick and Helen. 

On August 16, 1900, almost for the first time 
in his persistent struggle to permanently establish 
the Farmer, having called his brother-in-law, 
N. E. Carnine, to assist him in the management 
of the rapidly growing enterprise, Mr. Bushnell 
felt that he was justified in leaving his post and 
taking his family for a short vacation. They 
stTrtcd for the mountains of Colorado. .\t 
Omaha he was detained by an attack of ap- , 



pendicitis, but rallying after a few days went on 
to Colorado Springs, where he was again taken 
j ill and died after a day of intense suffering, 
j which he bore with the courage and fortitude of 
the true Christian. His remains repose in River- 
side cemetery at Aberdeen. His memory will 
long be held in reverence by the people of South 
Dakota as a model of high Christian character 
and true manhood. 



WELLINGTON J. ANDREWS, one of the 
well-known and honored citizens of Sioux Falls, 
is a native of the dominion of Canada, having 
been born near the city of Ottawa, on the 14th of 
April. 1S65. and being a son of William H. and 
Eliza Ann (Johnson) .Andrews, who were like- 
wise born in Canada, where they continued to 
maintain their home until 1874, when thev came 
as pioneers to what is now the state of South 
Dakota, locating near Scotland, Bon Homme 
county, where the father took up government 
land and developed a good farm, becoming one 
of the representative citizens of that section of 
the state. 

The subject of this review received his rudi- 
mentary education in the common schools of his 
native county, and was nine years of age at the 
time of his parents' removal to South Dakota. 
Here he was reared to manhood under the sturdy 
discipline of the pioneer farm, the while contin- 
uing to attend the public schools until 1885, 
when he entered the academy at Scotland, where 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 
1886. Thereafter he continued to assist in the 
work and management of the home farm until 
1886, when, at the age of twenty-one years, he 
went to Parkston, Hutchinson county, where he 
was engaged in the agricultural implement busi- 
ness and dealing in live stock until 1893, when 
he returned to Scotland, where he opened a gen- 
eral merchandise store, liuilding up a successful 
business and there continuing operations in the 
line until 1898, when he sold out and came to 
Sioux Falls, where he established himself in the 
grocery business, in which he has ever since con- 
tinued, catering to a large and representative 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



trade and having a finely equipped store. His es- 
tablishment is modern in all its appointments, 
and the stock carried is exceptionally comprehen- 
sive and select, while he is recognized as an en- 
ergetic' and progressive business man and as one 
well worthy of the uniform confidence and es- 
teem in which he is held. In politics Mr. An- 
drews has ever given an uncompromising alle- 
giance to the Democratic party, has taken an act- 
ive part in the promotion of its cause, hav- 
ing been a delegate to various state and county 
conventions, and having been called to serve in a 
number of minor ofiices, though he has never 
sought personal preferment in the line. Frater- 
nally he is identified with Unity Lodge, No. 130, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons ; Scotland 
Chapter, No. 31, Royal Arch Masons; Parkston 
Lodge, No. 99, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows ; and Sioux Falls Lodge, No. 262. Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks. 

On the 8th of February, 1890. Mr. Andrews 
was united in mirriTge to Miss Persis U. Tyler, 
who was born in Des Moines, Iowa, being a 
dnup-hter of L. S. Tyler, who has been a resident 
of Sioux Falls since 1892. Mr. and ^Irs. An- 
drews have one daughter, Edith Alice. 



EARL V. P.ORR, M. D.. was horn August 
2. 1873, in Richland. Wisconsin, and is the son 
of Alartin L. and Mary (Wailing) Bobb, the 
father a native of Pennsylvania, the mother of 
Wisconsin. Martin Bobb came to Dakota a num- 
ber of years ago and settled in Davison county, 
with the public affairs of which part of the state 
he became quite actively identified ; he served six 
years as clerk of the county court, took a prom- 
inent part in advancing the material interests of 
his community, and was a man of intelligence 
and wide influence and withal a most excellent 
and praiseworthy citizen. As a leader of the 
Republican party he became prominent in state 
as well as in local affairs and in the private walks 
of life enjoyed the esteem of all classes. He died 
in Davison corntv. in October, too.?, at the age 
nf sixty years, leiving t'l iiinurn his loss a widow, 
who is still living, and six cliilih-en. of whom the 



subject of this review is the second in order of 
birth. Dr. B. A. Bobb, the oldest of the sons of 
Martin and Mary Bobb, is a distinguished physi- 
cian of South Dakota, practicing his profession 
in the city of Mitchell and at the present time 
he is president of the State Medical Association. 

Dr. Earl V. Bobb was about nine years old 
when his parents moved from Wisconsin to 
South Dakota and since 1882 his life has been 
closely identified with the latter state. After 
attending the public schools for some years, he 
entered the University of South Dakota, where 
JTe finished his literary education, and then be- 
came a student of the Northwestern LTniversity 
at Evanston, from the medical department of 
which he was graduated with high honors in 
1899. Preparatory to the general practice of his 
profession, the Doctor did a large amount of 
hospital work under the direction of some of the 
most distinguished medical talent of the day, 
after which he opened an oi^ce in Sisseton. South 
Dakota, where he has since built up a very exten- 
sive professional business, commanding at this 
time a patronage second in magnitude and im- 
portance to that of no other physician in the 
city or county. 

Dr. Robb prepared himself for his life work 
bv careful study and critical research, and being a 
close student, he keeps in touch with the trend of 
modern professional thought, is familiar with the 
latest investigations and discoveries in the pro- 
fession and possesses the discernment and tact 
to select what is most valuable of this knowledge 
and use it in his practice. 

In addition to his professional labors. Dr. 
Robb. since coming west, has been actively iden- 
tified with the public and business affairs of Sis- 
seton and Roberts counties, and at the present time 
is holding the office of coroner. He is stanchly 
Republican in his political views, manifests a 
deep and abiding interest in his party and has 
contributed not a little to its success in the 
county, district and state. 

In the fall of 1902 Dr. Bo1il> purchased the 
leading drug store in Sisseton and is now con- 
ducting the same in connection with his prac- 
tice and doing a verv lucrative business. He is 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



a member of the State Medical Society, the Aber- 
deen District Medical Society, and other organi- 
zations whose object is to promote a higher 
standard of efficiency in the medical ranks of 
South Dakota. He is also interested in secret 
fraternal and benevolent work, belonging to the 
?iIasonic lodge at Sisseton and the Knights of 
Pythias, in both of which orders he is recognized 
as an influential member and a zealous worker. 

On September 25. 1900, Dr. Bobb and Miss 
Elizabeth Morton, of Chicago, Illinois, daughter 
of John Morton, of that city, were united in the 
bonds of wedlock. Dr. and Mrs. Bobbs have a 
beautiful and attractive home in Sisseton which 
is well known to the best society circles of the 
citv, and both are popular with the people and 
have manv warm friends and admirers, here and 
elsewliere. 



ANFIN J. BERDAHL was born in Nor- 
way, December 12, 1852, and when about four 
vears old was brought by his parents to the 
United States, from which time until i860 he 
lived at the family home in Winneshiek county, 
Iowa. In the latter year he was taken to Hous- 
ton county, Minnesota, thence six years later to 
Fillmore county, that state, where he remained 
until 1873. the meantime receiving his educa- 
tion in the common schools and his more prac- 
tical training as an assistant on his father's 
farm. Leaving the parental roof in 1873. ^^^ 
came to South Dakota and the following year 
took up a homestead in Edison township, Min- 
nehaha county, which he at once proceeded to 
improve and reduce to cultivation, and upon 
which he continued to reside until the fall of 
7887. when he rented his farm and. returning to 
^linnesota, engaged in the mercantile business 
at the town of Pipestone. One year later Mr. 
P.erdahl moved his stock to Jasper, in the same 
state, where he conducted a successful trade until 
the spring of i8go, at which time he returned 
to his Dakota farm and during the ensuing two 
vears devoted his attention to agriculture and 
stock raising. Renting his land at the expiration 
of the_time noted, he established a general mer- 



cantile business in Garretson, where he has since 
lived and prospered, building up a large and 
lucrative trade the meanwhile and taking dis- 
tinctive precedence among the leading merchants 
of the city. 

Mr. Berdahl's domestic experience dates 
from 1878, on March loth of which year he 
entered the marriage relation with Miss Caroline 
Christianson, a native of Fillmore county, Min- 
nesota, where her parents, both born in Norway, 
settled in an early day. To ^Ir. and Mrs. 
Berdahl five children have been born, one of 
whom, a daughter by the name of Christiana, 
died at the early age of four years ; those living 
are Christian. Alfred, Clara and Elmer, who with 
their parents constitute a family of eminent re- 
spectability and high social standing. 

Mr. Berdahl at different times has been 
called upon to assume responsible official status, 
having served as treasurer of Edison township, 
being the second man elected to the office in that 
jurisdiction, and he has also been identified for 
a number of years with the educational inter- 
ests of Garretson. being at this time president of 
the city school board, besides holding the posi- 
tion of alderman. In the conduct of his busi- 
ness affairs Mr. Berdahl is prompt and method- 
ical, not given to speculation, being satisfied with 
gradual advancement and sure gains. As a citi- 
zen he is enterprising to the extent of encour- 
aging every laudable movement for the general 
good, and his deep and abiding interest in the 
social, educational and mo-al welfare of the com- 
munity has resulted in substantial advancement 
along these various lines. 



ANDREW L. COYLE, M. D.— Among the 
able exemplars of the nledical profession in the 
state is Dr. Coyle, a young man of marked intel- 
lectual ability, thoroughly informed in the sci- 
ences of medicine and surgery, having had ex- 
ceptional advantages in the prosecution of his 
studies in technical lines, while he has been estab- 
lished in the practice of his profession in Plankin- 
ton, Aurora county, since 1003, securing a repre- 
sentative support from the initiation of his labors 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



here, by reason of his professional ability and 
genial and gracions personality. 

The Doctor is a native of Jersey City, Xew 
Jersey, where he was born on the 15th of Feb- 
rnary, 1874, while he was thus reared imder met- 
ropolitan surroundings and influences. After 
completing the curriculum of the public schools 
he was matriculated in Williams College, at Wil- 
liamstown, Massachusetts, where he completed 
the scientific course and was graduated as a 
member of the class of 1894. He then entered 
the medical department of the University of 
^Michigan, at Ann Arbor, where he was graduated 
in i8q8, receiving his coveted degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. Immediately after his graduation 
he received the appointment of contract surgeon 
in the United States army, serving in that capac- 
ity for more than two years, when he resigned 
and made a tour of Europe, visiting England, 
France, Germany and other countries and availing 
himself of the advantages offered for study and 
investigation in the leading hospitals and col- 
leges. After returning to the United States he 
made a trip to South America, where he remained 
about two years, at the expiration of which he 
came to South Dakota and established himself in 
practice in Plankinton, where he has since been 
actively engaged in practice. He is an independ- 
ent in politics, and has not yet assumed connu- 
bial bonds. He is a member of the South Dakota 
Medical Association and the Phi Beta Pi college 
fraternitv. 



RICHARD DUNLOP, one of the pioneer 
mining men of the Black Hills, and now in 
charge of the Mineral Point stamp mill, of the 
Homestake Mining Company, at Central City, is 
a native of the city of Belfast, Ireland, where he 
was born on the 15th of February, 1855, being a 
son of James and Mary (Clark) Dunlop, who 
were likewise born and reared in that city, where 
their marriage was solemnized. In 1857 they 
came to America and after passing a short 
period of time in the state of New York came 
west to Iowa, locating in Scott county, where 
Mr. Dunlop continued to be engaged in agri- 



cultural pursuits until his death, which occurred 
in 1877, while his devoted wife passed away 
in 1892. They were folk of sterling character 
and commanded unqualified regard in the com- 
munity which was so long their home. Their 
religious faith was that of the Presbyterian 
church, and in politics Mr. Dunlop was a Re- 
publican. Of the six children in the family all 
are vet living, the subject of this review having 
been the fifth in order of birth. 

Richard Dunlop was reared on the homestead 
farm in Iowa and received his educational dis- 
cipline in the public schools of his locality. In 
1872 he went to Colorado, where he remained 
for a few years, devoting his attention princi- 
pally to mining. In 1877 he came to the Black 
Hills, being numbered among the venturesome 
spirits who braved the dangers incidental to 
making the trip to this section, then isolated from 
civilization bv many leagues of plains, infested 
bv the warlike and implacable Indians whose 
originally was the domain. From Qieyenne, 
Wyoming, he came through bv team to the Hills, 
in company with a part\- of other men, and they 
had little trouble with the Indians while enroute, 
reaching their destination in Deadwood, in 
March. There Mr. Dunlop engaged in placer 
minine for the Whitewood Flume Company, 
about five miles below Deadwood, a portion of 
the time working for himself, and he was suc- 
cessful in his efforts in both directions. In 
1879 'le entered the employ of the Homestake 
Mining Company, working as amalgamator and 
in other positions of responsibility, and in 1887 
he was given charge of the Father DeSmet mill, 
owned bv the company and named in honor of 
one of the heroic missionan^ priests of the 
Catholic church in the pioneer days in the north- 
west. He has since been the superintendent of 
this mill, which is now known as the Mineral 
Point, which is equipped with one hundred 
stamps and which is running to its full capacity 
since the completion of the auxiliarv cyanide 
plant, in 1902. Since coming to the Hills Mr. 
Dunlop has given more or less attention to 
prospecting and has become interested in a num- 
ber of promising properties. In 1892 he made 



974 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



a trip through Central America for the purpose, 
primarily, of looking over the mining properties 
in that section, and he has in his possession some 
fine specimens of gold-bearing quartz which he 
secured there. In politics he gives his al- 
legiance to the Republican party, and fraternally 
he has attained the capitular degrees in the Ma- 
sonic order and is identified with the Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

On the i8th of October. 1882, :\Ir. Dunlop 
married Miss Jennie Baker, who was born and 
reared in Michigan and who died in April, 
1884, leaving one son, Richard F., who is now 
attending St. John's Military Academy at Dela- 
field, Wisconsin. On the 26th of Alarch, 1890, 
I\Ir. Dunlop was united in marriage to Miss 
Laura Davidson, who was bom in Johnson 
county, Indiana, and who was a resident of 
Lead City at the time of her marriage. No chil- 
dren have been born of this union. 



FRANK ABT was born in the kingdom of 
Bavaria, Germany, on the 28th of August, 1838, 
and is a son of Francis and Mary (Schneider) 
Abt, both of whom were likewise native of Ba- 
varia, where the father followed the vocation of 
stone-mason until his death, the subject being a 
child at the time. In the family were two chil- 
dren, of whom he is the elder, his sister Katharine 
being- deceased. Mr. Abt attended the excellent 
national schools of his fatherland until he had 
attained the age of fourteen years, and then en- 
tered upon an apprenticeship at the shoemaker's 
trade, becoming a skilled workman, while he also 
served the required term in the Bavarian militia. 
Each county furnishes its quota to the German 
army, and the selection is made by drawing lots 
from the various local military organizations. Mr. 
Abt drew the second highest nuinber and thus 
was not called into active service. He was offered 
twelve hundred dollars for his chance, but re- 
fused the same, as he desired to come to Amer- 
ica. Had he thus disposed of his exemption priv- 
ilege he would have been required to serve six 
years in the army. In 1861 he bade adieu to 
home and fatherland and set forth to seek his 



fortunes in America, landing in New York and 
thence coming westward to Davenport, Iowa, 
where he was engaged in the work of his trade 
for the ensuing four weeks, at the expiration of 
which, on the 23d of June, 1861, in response to 
President Lincoln's first call, he gave significant 
evidence of his loyalty to the country of his re- 
cent adoption, by enlisting in Company E, Sec- 
ond Iowa Volunteer Cavalry, commanded by 
Colonel Elliott. With his command he pro- 
ceeded to St. Louis and there they remained in 
Benton Barracks about four weeks, when they 
started for the front, having an engagement with 
the enemy near Paducah, at the mouth of the 
Ohio river. Thence they came up the river to 
Pittsburg Landing, where they remained some 
time, participating in the engagement at that 
place, after which they went on to Corinth, ]\Iis- 
sissippi, where, under General Rosecrans. they 
assisted in defending the city against the attacks 
by the forces under General Price. Their next 
engagement was at New Madrid, and at Tipton 
the command succeeded in surrounding the en- 
emy during the night and captured thirteen hun- 
dred prisoners. Thence they proceeded to Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, where our subject was incapac- 
itated by illness, resulting primarily from a 
wound received at Corinth, and he was sent to 
the marine hospital at Evansville, Indiana, where 
he received his honorable discharge in .\ugust, 
1862. He then returned to Davenport, Iowa, 
where he remained until February of the follow- 
ing year, when he started for the newly discov- 
ered gold fields of Colorado, where he remained 
a brief interval and then started for Idaho, in 
company with a party of about one hundred 
men. They had a skirmish with the Indians 
while en route but lost none of their number, 
though a party three days ahead of them 
lost three men. He engaged in prospecting for 
gold in Idaho for several months and then came 
eastward into Montana, stopping in Bannock, 
the original capital of the territory, and thence 
proceeding to the chief mining camp, Virginia 
City, in Alder Gulch. The country was at the 
time infested with border outlaws and other des- 
perate characters who were a constant menace 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



975 



to life and property, and it became necessary 
for the better class of citizens to take drastic 
measures for protection, resulting in the organ- 
ization of the vigilantes, of which Mr. Abt became 
a member. It is unnecessary to enter into de- 
tails in regard to the action justly taken by these 
bands of law-abiding citizens, who had recourse 
to severe means of dealing with the offenders, 
for all is a part of the written history of the lo- 
cality and period, but it may be said that through 
their efforts many desperate characters were 
brought to expiate for their many crimes, Mr. 
.\bt having personally witnessed the hanging of 
thirty-three men of this type. Each of the ac- 
cused was granted counsel and a fair trial, and 
tlie vigilantes represented the very best element 
in the coinmunity, as may be understood when 
we state that in Virginia City their attorney was 
Colonel Wilbur F. Sanders, who later became 
United States senator and who still resides in 
Helena, Montana, a venerable pioneer and dis- 
tinguished citizen. 

Mr. Abt bought a placer claim in Alder 
Gulch, and worked the same at intervals during 
the ensuing year, and then removed to Silver 
r.ow. where he remained about a year, being 
fairly successful in his mining venture there. 
He then returned to Virginia City and purchased 
a claim on German Flat, working the same until 
May 12, 1866, when the diggings were washed 
out bv a severe flood, resulting from a cloud- 
burst. On the i6th of the same month he started 
for Helena, where he engaged in the boot and 
shoe business, doing a prosperous business and 
there remaining until 1876. when he started for 
the Black Hills, coming down the Missouri river 
from Fort Benton to Bismarck, and thence pro- 
ceeding overland with a party of more than one 
hundred men, who made up a large wagon train. 
The first night out they camped at Little Heart, 
and at three o'clock in the morning were attacked 
by Indians, who stampeded their horses, secur- 
ing thirteen head. A party of fifty men started 
in pursuit and captured all the horses with the 
exception of two. returning at four o'clock in the 
afternoon of the succeeding day. That night 
they camped at Oak Hill, having a guard about 



the camp, as did they each succeeding night, but 
they had no further difficulty with the Indians 
and finally reaching their destination. In July 
Mr. Abt located at Gold Run, where he became 
associated with John Roberts, Thomas Bell and 
Frederick Istelhurst in the purchase of a placer 
claim, below the present town of Lead, for a con- 
sideration of three thousand dollars. They 
worked the claim successfully during that season, 
and thereafter the subject continued to give his 
attention to placer mining, in various localities, 
for the ensuing three years. He then located 
some quartz claims, of which he finally disposed, 
after which he engaged in the hotel business in 
Lead, conducting what was known as the Abt 
hotel, which was a popular resort in the early 
days. In 1882 he retired from the hotel business 
and resumed quartz mining, to which he devoted 
his attention until 1886, when he was appointed 
postmaster at Lead, serving four years, since 
which time he has lived practically retired, 
though he is still interested in a number of valu- 
able quartz-mining properties. 

Mr. Abt early became prominent in local- af- 
fairs of a public nature, and has been called upon 
to serve in various positions of trust. He is a 
stanch Democrat in politics, and in i8go he was 
elected a member of the village council, serving 
four years, while in 1900 he was chosen mayor of 
Lead, of which office he was incumbent two 
years, giving a progressive and business-like ad- 
ministration of the municipal government. Un- 
der his administration the city sewerage system 
was installed and the work of paving the streets 
initiated. Mr. Abt is a member of a number of 
fraternal organizations, having been the first 
grand vice-chancellor of the Knights of Pythias 
in the state ; being at the present time senior sag- 
amore of his camp of the Improved Order of Red 
Men, and also commander of E. M. Stanton 
Post, Po. 81, Grand Army of the Republic, while 
he is also affiliated with the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks and the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen. 

On the 4th of :\Iarch. 1867, Mr. Abt was 
united in marriage to ]\Iiss Mary Distel, who 
was born in Germany and who came to jMontana 



976 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



with her brother. She proved a true and devoted 
wife and helpmeet during the long period of 
thirty years, having been summoned into eternal 
rest on the lOth of March. 1899. only a few 
days before the thirtieth anniversary of their 
marriage. Of the children of this union we enter 
the following brief record : John is engaged in 
mining in Butte, Montana ; Frank resides in 
Chicago ; ^^''illiam is a civil engineer, with head- 
quarters in Seattle : Annie, who became the wife 
of R. H. Purcell. died November 18. 1900. and 
Mary remains with her father in the pleasant 
home in Lead. 



JOHN W. MARTIN, one of the representa- 
tive citizens of Watertown. was born at Scales 
Mound, Jo Daviess county, Illinois, on the 9th of 
October, 1856, being a son of Henry and Ketu- 
rah (Thomas) Martin, both of whom were bnrn 
and reared in England, whence they emigrated 
to the United States at the age of thirty and 
twenty-four years respectively, he becoming one 
of the prosperous and influential farmers of the 
state of Illinois. Henry Martin died at Scales 
Mound, Illinois, February 15, iqoo, while Mrs. 
]\Iartin died April 30, 1894. 

After completing the curriculum of the pub- 
lic schools of his native country the subject of 
this review continued his studies in the German- 
English College at Galena, Illinois, and later en- 
tered the State Normal School at Plattville, Wis- 
consin, where he ably prepared himself for the 
pedagogic profession, to which he thereafter de- 
voted himself, as a teacher in the public schools 
of Illinois, until August. 1885, when he came to 
what is now the state of South Dakota, locating 
in Watertown and becoming identified with the 
rea:l-estate and banking business. He was one 
of the organizers and directors of the Dakota 
Loan and Trust Company, of Watertown, and 
of the Watertown National Bank. In 1889 he 
was elected cashier of the Watertown Nationa 
Bank, in which" capacity he served four years 
at the expiration of which he individually en- 
gaged in the real-estate business in Watertown 
with which important line of enterprise he has 



since been prominently identified, his transactions 
having reached a wide scope, while upon his 
books are at all times represented the most de- 
sirable investments, including farm lands in vari- 
ous sections of the state, and also improved and 
unimproved town and city ])roperty. 

From the time of attaining his legal majority 
Mr. ^lartin has been an uncompromising advo- 
cate and supporter of the principles and policies 
of the Democratic party, and he has labored zeal- 
ously for the promotion of its cause in South Da- 
kota. He served for two years, 1891-92, as mayor 
of Watertown, giving a most able and busi- 
ness-like administration of the municipal gov- 
ernment, and in 1900 he was one of the presi- 
dential electors of this state on the Democratic 
ticket. In 1902 he was honored by his party with 
the nomination for governor of the state, but in 
the ensuing election met defeat, in common with 
the ].art\- ■L:^;k^:t in general throughout the com- 
monwealth. Since 1900 he has been president 
of the South Dakota Business Men's Association. 
a strong organization and one which exercises 
most beneficent functions in furthering the best 
interests of the great state. Fraternally he is 
identified with Kampeska Lodge, No. 13. Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Watertown Chapter. No. 
12. Royal Arch Masons: Watertown Command- 
ery. No. 7, Knights Templar; Tryschocoton 
Lodge, No. 17. Knights of Pythias; Watertown 
Lodge, No. 24. Ancient Order of United Work- 
men ; Kampeska Camp, No. 2031, Modern Wood- 
men of America, and Lodge No. 838, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. 



ISAAC STAINBROOK. — Conspicuous 
among the leading farmers and prominent citi- 
zens of Hutchinson county. South Dakota, is 
Isaac Stainbrook. than whom few men in this 
part of the state are as well known or as highly 
esteemed. His father was John Stainbrook, a 
native of Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, and 
his mother, who bore the maiden name of Susan 
Keiser, was born in Westmoreland county, the 
same state. John Stainbrook was a farmer and 
millwrisrht. in addition to which vocations he 




J(_)HN W. MARTIN. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



also manufactured spinning-wheels, made boots 
and shoes, worked at stone and brick masonry, — 
in fact was a mechanical genius who could turn 
his hand to almost an_y kind of skillful work- 
manship. He left his native state in 1845 for 
the west, migrating to Dane county, Wisconsin, 
where he purchased land from the government, 
developed a good farm and spent the remainder 
of his life on the same, dying in the year 1872. 
His widow subsequently came to South Dakota, 
where her death occurred, in March, 1880. Mr. 
Stainbrook was a man of considerable promi- 
nence in his various places of residence, and he 
was honored at different times with official posi- 
tions, among which were those of justice of the 
]icTce, township treasurer and others. He was, 
with his excellent wife, a faithful, devoted and 
lilieral member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. The family of John and Susan Stain- 
lirook originally consisted of ten children, four j 
of whom are living at the present time, the sub- \ 
ject of this sketch being the oldest of the sur- 
vivors; the others are John, of Hutchinson 
cnuntv; Solomon, a resident of Hanson county, 
this state ; and Samuel, whose home is in Clay 
county. South Dakota. jLll4S'3:4.'i 1 

Tsnac Stainbrook was born in ]Meade town- 
ship, Crawford county, Pennsylvania, on the 4th 1 
day of February, 1831, and there spent the first 
fourteen years of his life, removing with his | 
parents to Wisconsin in 1845. His early educa- ! 
tional advantages were limited and by reason of 
his time being required at home he had few op- 
portunities to become acquainted with books. 
Reared ' to agricultural pursuits, he naturally 
turned his attention to the same after leaving I 
home and l)eginning life for himself, and he con- 
tinued t(T till the soil in Wisconsin until his re- i 
niovrd In Ti )\va in 1875. After spending one year 
in .\(luir county, that state, he changed his abode 
to the count\' of Buchanan where he lived three 
years, at the expiration of which time he 
moved to Hutchinson county, South Dakota, 
and settled on the place where he has since re- 
sided and where he now owns a beautiful and 
well-improved farm of four hundred and forty 
acres, which has been brought to its present 1 



high state of cultivation principall\' 1\\- the labor 
of his own hands. 

When ]\Ir. Stainbrook came to Hutchinson 
county the country was comparatively wild, there 
being no roads, while the settlers were few and 
far between. He worked diligently to get a 
start, experienced the vicissitudes and hard- 
ships peculiar to pioneer life in the west, gradu- 
ally reduced his land to cultivation, and at in- 
tervals made improvements as his means would 
admit until in due season he found himself the 
owner of a beautiful and well-tilled farm and a 
fine home, which in point of location and attract- 
iveness is now considered one of the most desir- 
able country residences in the county. His suc- 
cess in material things has. resulted i-n a fortune 
sufficiently ample to place him in independent 
circumstances and insure a competence for the 
future, while his high standing among his neigh- 
bors and fellow citizens gives him a place in 
their confidence and esteem, such as few of his 
contemiioraries enjoy. l\Tr. Stainbrook is a 
Democrat in politics, and as such was elected a 
member of the board of county commissioners, 
in -which capacity he served very effectively for 
a period of three years, and in addition to this 
responsible position he also spent a number of 
venrs on the school board of his township. In 
religion he is a Methodist, in which church he 
was born and reared and the teachings of which 
have had a little to do in fonning his character 
and shaping his life and destiny. 

In the year 1854 the subject contracted a 
marriage with Miss Elizabeth Middleton, of 
Elkhart, Iowa, the union terminating in 1897. 
The fruits of this union were ten "children whose 
names are as follows : ]\Iahala, married and liv- 
ing in Hutchinson county; Rohenna, also mar- 
ried; Malvina, now Mrs. Carl Braatz, of this 
county; George W., who married Frances Klatz 
and is engaged in farming and stock raising in 
the same part of the state ; Albert, also a fanner 
of Hutchinson countv and a married man, his 
wife having formerlv been Miss Anna Klatz; 
Harriett, wife of William Adams ; Elizabeth, 
who married Charles Thompson ; Emma, now 
the wife of Charles Michaelson, lives in Hutch- 



978 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



inson county, as do also Andrew J. and John 
E., both of whom are married and the heads of 
famihes. the former choosing for a wife Mabel 
Harrington, the latter entering the bonds of 
wedlock with Miss Lorinda Biers. 



EMIL FAUST, of Lead, is a scion of illus- 
trious German stock, and is a native of Hessen 
Cassel, German3^ where he was born on the nth 
of December, 1838, being a son of George and 
Lucia (Rodman) Faust, who were likewise 
born in the province mentioned, the maternal 
grandfather of the subject having been an 
eminent physician and surgeon in that section 
of the great empire. The paternal grandfather. 
Faust, was colonel of the Twenty-first Hessian 
Regiment, and served under Napoleon in Russia, 
while under General Blucher he participated in 
the historic battle of Waterloo, having received 
honorable mention for distinguished service under 
the great French emperor, the first Napoleon. The 
father of the subject was a man of prominence in 
his native province, having there served as state 
treasurer for the long period of fifty-two years 
and .having wielded marked influence in public 
and civic affairs. He resigned the office men- 
tioned during the revolution of 1848. but when 
the government again gained control he was re- 
appointed to the position. During the revolu- 
tion he succeeded in concealing a large amount 
of government funds, which he returned upon the 
re-establishment of the stable government. Of 
the six children m the family the subject of this 
review was the second in order of birth, and of 
the number four are yet living. 

Mr. Faust received his early education in 
the theological seminary at Fulda, which he at- 
tended from the age of ten years to that of four- 
teen, the work being that of a preparatory nature 
for the priesthood of the Catholic church, of 
which his parents were devoted communicants. 
He decided, however, that he had no inclination 
for the ecclesiastical life, and accordingly left 
school and went to Bremen, where he shipped on 
a sailing vessel bound for Melbourne, .\ustralia, 
and in due time touched the ports of Hong Kong, 



Yokohama, Honolulu, San Francisco, and thence 
passed around Cape Horn to South America, 
from which point the vessel came to New Or- 
leans, Louisiana, where he took "French leave," 
deserting the ship. He remained in the Crescent 
City until the outbreak of the Civil war, when, 
in February, 1861, he enlisted in Company K, 
Eighth Louisiana Infantry, commanded by 
Colonel Nicholson. He proceeded with his com- 
mand to the Confederate capital, the city of Rich- 
mond, Virginia, and there the regiment was as- 
signed to the army commanded by General 
(Stonewall) Jackson. Mr. Faust thus took part 
in the various battles in which that intrepid offi- 
cer led his forces, including the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg, the seven days' battle about Rich- 
mond, and was present at Chancellorsville, where 
Jackson met his death, having been in the imme- 
diate proximity when the body of the valiant com- 
mander was brought in. General Ewell then 
assumed command, and the subject had by this 
time been made first lieutenant of his company, 
which he commanded in the battle of Gettysburg, 
the company entering this historic and sanguinary 
battle with a complement of one hundred and ten 
men, and forty lost their lives in this conflict,, 
while thirtv-two, including our subject, were 
there taken prisoners on the 3d of July, 1863. 
Mr. Faust had entered the Confederate service 
more in a spirit of adventure than one of convic- 
tion of the righteousness of the ciusc, and after 
being captured he manifested no rrluctance in 
taking the oath of allegiance to the I'nion, and 
he then proceeded north to the city of Chicago, 
where, in October, 1863, he enlisted as a private 
in Company B, Twelfth Illinois Volunteer Cav- 
alry, commanded by Colonel Davis, being finally 
promoted sergeant of his company. He contin- 
ued in the service, in Tennessee, Louisiana and 
Texas, until the close of the war, taking part in 
no large battles within the interval, and received 
his honorable discharge in July, 1865. being in 
Texas at the time. He then joined a volunteer 
regiment under Colonel Williams, who is now a 
resident of Chicago, and was made captain oF 
Company A. The command marched into Mex- 
ico and there joined the forces of General Diaz 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



979 



and engaged in bushwhacking service until Max- 
imilian was taken prisoner, in 1867, when thev 
were mustered out and returned to the United 
States. i\Ir. Faust came up the ^Mississippi river 
to St. Louis, and thence went to Oil City, Penn- 
.sylvania, where the oil excitement was at its 
height, but remained but a short time, going then 
to Omaha, Nebraska, and becoming one of the 
pioneers of that city. He located there in the 
fall of 1868, and was there engaged in the bak- 
ery business until 1872, meeting with marked 
success. He then disposed of his interests there 
and removed to Fremont, Nebraska, where he 
erected a flouring mill, at a cost of twenty-five 
thousand dollars. Shortly after its completion 
the Elkhorn river flooded its banks and took the 
mill down stream, entailing a total loss. Mr. 
Faust then moved to Evanston, Wyoming, and 
in 1875 was among the first of the bold and ed- 
venturous spirits who made their way to the 
Black Hills. He started from Cheyenne in No- 
vember of that year, and his party, comprising 
a mule train of about a dozen wagons, came 
through without trouble with the Indians, reach- 
ing Custer on the 24th of December, and there 
'finding the "city" represented by a population 
of about twenty persons. Mr. Faust had 
brought supplies and there opened a general mer- 
chandise store, while he also planted ten acres of 
potatoes, which grew well and proved excellent 
provender for the grasshoppers, after whose vis- 
itation no trace of tfie growing vines was to be 
found. He also turned his attention to mining, 
locating some quartz claims, but being unsuccess- 
ful in the development of his properties. In the 
spring of 1877 he removed to Lead, where he had 
secured property early in the preceding year, and 
here he has ever since maintained his home, con- 
tributing to .the upbuilding and progress of the 
town to a greater degree than has probably any 
other one man, and being one of the most public- 
spirited and enterprising of its citizens. After 
locating in Lead Mr. Faust established himself 
in the general merchandise business, building up 
a large trade and continuing the enterprise until 
1896, when he sold out. From the start he also 
interested himself in mining in this locality. On 



the 24th of April, 1876, he located the JMam- 
motli Tunnel, going in four hundred feet and be- 
ing then compelled to abandon operations by 
reason of lack of funds. This is now one of the 
rich properties controlled by the Homestake Min- 
ing Company. He also located the Old Abe ex- 
tension, which likewise went by default, as he 
was not able to continue its development, and the 
same now constitutes the richest ground owned 
by the Homestake Company. While a resident 
of Custer, in March, 1876, Mr. Faust took out 
the first shipment of gold to Cheyenne, amount- 
ing to about five thousand dollars. D. G. Tallent 
and James Allen were of the party, with their 
freighting outfits, and our subject also had a team 
and wagon. They were snow-bound for five days 
on Hat Creek, but finally reached their destina- 
tion in safety. On the return trip, however, the 
party, comprising about forty men, were attacked 
by the Indians at Indian Creek, the band of sav- 
ages numbering fully two hundred. In the con- 
flict the party lost one man killed, and succeeded 
in holding the Indians at bay until Captain Egan 
came to the relief with troops from Fort Lara- 
mie, when the savages fled. Mr. Faust's army 
experience proved of great value to him and his 
companions in warding oflf the attacks of the In- 
dians on this occasion. Mr. Faust located thirty- 
seven claims in Garden City, in 1894, and later 
sold them to the Penobscot Company, having ap- 
plied to them the title of the Realization claims. 
He owns and is operating the Esmeralda group of 
claims in the Black Tail Gulch. In 1897 he 
erected the Faust block, a large and substantial 
brick structure, on Main street, and also the 
block known as the Dickerson corner, these be- 
ing among the most modern and attractive 
buildings in the business section, and in 1902 he 
erected a fine modern block at the corner of Main 
and Seavers streets, the same being fifty by one 
hundred feet in dimensions and three stories in 
height. He has otherwise shown his public spirit 
in a way which has conserved the best interests 
of the community, and is always ready to lend 
his influence in the furtherance of worthy objects 
for the general good. 

In politics, though never an aspirant for of- 



98o 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



fice, Mr. Faust is stanchly arrayed in support of > 
the Republican party, and fraternally he is iden- j 
tificd with Stanton Post, No. 8i, Grand Army 
of the Republic ; is a charter member of Samari- 
tan Lodge, No. 158, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, at Chadron, Nebraska, and is also a 
charter member of Chadron Lodge, No. 140, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, of the same 
place, of which he is past grand master; and 
Dakota Lodge, No. 6, Knights of P}i;hias, at 
Lead City, of which he is past chancellor. 

On the 4th of July, 1868, ^Mr. Faust was i 
united in marriage to Miss Minnie Statler, who 
was born ancl reared in Pennsylvania, where the | 
family was founded shortly after the war of the I 
Revolution, the original American progenitor 
having been a soldier in the Hessian army during 
the struggle for independence. j\Ir. and Mrs. 
Faust have two children, William L.. engaged in 
the drug business in Deadwood, and ]Maud, at 
home. 



H. H. HANSTEIN, M. D.. of Lead, is a 
native of Illinois, and the son of Herman and 
Emily Hanstein, the father born in Germany, the 
mother in St. Louis, Missouri. Herman Han- 
stein enjoyed the advantages of a liberal education 
in the land of his nativity, and when a young 
man spent eight years in various technical insti- 
tutions in Paris, where he became a skilled arti- 
san and achieved distinction as a maker of astro- 
nomical and various other kinds of scientific in- 
struments. He came to the United States in 1875 
and since that time has been superintendent of 
drawing in the high school. Chicago, standing 
high as an artist and having almost a national 
reputation as an instructor. 

Dr. H. H. Hanstein was born in Chicago, 
August 26, 1877, and received his educational 
training in that city, graduating from the high 
school when a youth in his teens. He then began 
the study of medicine and, entering Rush Med- 
ical College, prosecuted his professional research 
until May 25. 1898, when he received his diploma, 
after which he served the usual term of hospital 
]iractice, under the direction of Dr. A. T. Ochner, 



one of Chicago's most distinguished surgeons. 
With a mind well disciplined by profession.-^! 
training and practical experience. Dr. Hanstein 
opened an office at Kenosha, Wisconsin, but after 
spending about one year in that city, he con- 
tracted with the Lead Hospital at Lead, South 
Dakota, and during the year and a half following 
was on the medical staft' of that institution. Re- 
signing his position at the end of the time noted, 
he opened an office in the Feiler Curnow block, 
and engaged in the general practice, which he 
has since prosecuted with most gratifying profes- 
sional and financial success, commanding, in ad- 
dition to a large city patronage, an extensive busi- 
ness in Lead City, besides being regularly em- 
ployed .by a number of mining camps in si'r- 
rounding country. Few physicians of his age 
have achieved the prestige in medical circles 
which Dr. Hanstein enjoys, his career from the 
beginning presenting a succession of advance- 
ments that demonstrate a profound knowledge 
of the profession with the ability to apply the 
same to practice. 

The Doctor is a close, critical student, seek- 
ing by every means at his command to increase 
his knowledge and usefulness, and the high es- 
teem in which he is held attests the firm and abid- 
ing hold he has on the confidence of the public. 



JOHN WILLIAAI FREEMAN, surgeon of 
the Homestake Mining Company, and one of the 
distinguished men of his profession in South 
Dakota, is a native of Macoupin county, Illinois, 
born on the 13th day of December, 1853, in the 
town of A'irden. Peter S. Freeman, the Doctor's 
father, was born and reared in the state of New 
Jersev, but in an early day moved to Macoupin 
count}-, Illinois, where he followed agricultural 
pursuits until his death, which occurred in the 
year 1874. Elizabeth Freeman, the mother, was 
a native of Kentucky and, like her husband, went 
to Illinois when that state was new, and there 
spent the remainder of her days, departing this 
life in the above county in 1886. 

Reared under the wholesome but somewhat 
rigorous discipline of the farm, the early life of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Dr. Freeman was spent amid a ceaseless round 
of toil in the summer time, varied of winter sea- 
sons by attendance at the public schools. Sub- 
sequently he pursued his studies in the \'irden 
higli school and after completing the course of 
that institution he spent one year as a student 
in Blackburn University, in the city of Carlin- 
ville. The Doctor remained at home until his 
twenty-second year, assisting with the work of the 
farm, and in 1875 went to Jacksonville, where 
he began the study of medicine in the office of Dr. 
D. Prince, one of the leading physicians of that 
city, under whose direction he continued until en- 
tering the ]\Iiami Medical College, at Cincinnati. 
After attending that institution two ye'-rs, he fur- 
ther prosecuted his studies and research in the 
medical department of the University of New 
York City, where he was graduated in 1879, after 
which he became assistant to Dr. David Prince, 
phvsician in charge of the Jacksonville Sanita- 
rium. ]n September, t88i, Dr. Freeman severed 
his connection with the sanitarium to accept a 
position as assistant surgeon in the United States 
army, being sent to Fort Meade, South Dakota, 
where he remained in the active discharge of his 
professional duties until 1883. In June of that 
year he left the army service for the purpose of 
accepting the more lucrative post of surgeon of 
the Homestake Mining Company at Lead City, 
to which he was appointed on the ist day of Jan- 
uary following. 

Dr. Freeman has looked after the medical 
interests of the above company for nearly twenty 
years, during which time he has discharged his 
duties in an eminently able and satisfactory man- 
ner, his career presenting a series of successes, 
which have added greatly to his reputation as a 
capable physician and skilled surgeon and given 
him much more than local repute in the line of 
his profession. During this period, he has ex- 
ercised personal supervision over the Homestake 
Hospital, which under his able management has 
liecome one of the leading institutions of the kind 
in the state, and in addition to the pressing claims 
of his position with the company he also com- 
mands a private practice of no small magnitude. 
Dr. Freeman belongs to the most advanced 



school of his profession and has spared neither 
pains nor expense in preparing himself thorough- 
ly for his exacting duties, taking advantage of 
every opportunity to increase his knowledge and 
Ijy critical study, original investigation and re- 
search, keeping in close touch with modern med- 
ical thought. He served as superintendent of 
the Lawrence county board of health under the 
territorial government, having been elected to the 
position in 1885, and he also held the office a 
number of years after the admission of South 
Dakota to statehood. In 1887 he was elected 
president of the Black Flills Medical Society, 
and in 1890 was further honored by being ele- 
vated to the presidency of the Medical Society of 
South Dakota, the highest position within the 
power of the profession in this state to bestow. 
He is also a member of the state board of medical 
examiners and is a member of the American 
Medical Association and the National Associa- 
tion of Railway Surgeons, in both of which he 
has come into -close contact with the eminent 
men of his profession in this country, among 
whom he is held in high esteem. In addition to 
the above relations, the Doctor has been and is 
still identified with enterprises outside his pro- 
fession, having served for eight years as a mem- 
ber of the school board of Lead City, of which 
body he is now president, besides being a director 
of the First National Bank of this city, also a 
stockholder in the same. 

Dr. Freeman, in common with the majority of 
enterprising men of all professions and occupa- 
tions, is identified with the time-honored Ma- 
sonic brotherhood, in which he has risen to a high 
rank, being past master of Central City Lodge, 
No. 22, Free and Accepted Masons ; past high 
priest of Dakota Chapter, No. 3, Ro3'al Arch 
Masons ; past eminent commander of Dakota 
Commandery, No. i. Knights Templar; eminent 
commander of Lead Commandery, and past po- 
tentate of Naja Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Politically 
he supports the Republican party, and while 
widely read and deeply informed relative to all 
great questions and issues of the day, national, 
international and foreign, the cjaims of his pro- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



fession are such as to leave him httle time or in- 
cHnation to enter the domain of partisan pohtics. 
Dr. Freeman was married at Lead City, Sep- 
tember lo, 1885, to Miss Hattie Dickinson, who 
has borne him four children, namely: Carrie 
Erceldene, Marion E., John D. and Howard 
Freeman. 



CHARLES W. MERRILL, B. S., of Lead,' 
Lawrence county, was born in Concord, New 
Hampshire, on the 21st of December, 1869, and 
is a son of Sylvester and Clara L. (French) Mer- 
rill, the former of whom was born in Massachu- 
setts and the latter in New Hampshire, while 
they now maintain their home in San Francisco, 
California. The paternal grandfather of our 
subject was a pioneer hat manufacturer in Me- 
thuen, Massachusetts, while grandfather French 
was prominently identified with the installation 
of stage lines in New Hampshire in early days, 
and also interested in the construction of the first 
lailroad line in that state. In 1870 the parents 
of our subject removed to California, where the 
father established himself in the furniture busi- 
ness and where he and his wife still reside. 

JMr. Merrill completed the curriculum of the 
public schools in San Francisco and then entered 
the University of California, where he was grad- 
uated as a member of the class of 1891, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. After leaving 
the university Mr. Merrill passed four years' in 
practical work with the United States geograph- 
ical survey and with one of the leading metallur- 
gical engineers of the world, whose specialty 
was the amalgamation of gold and silver ores by 
chemical processes. In 1895 Mr. Merrill in- 
stalled his first cyanide plant, for the Standard 
Mining Company, at Bodie, Mono county, Cali- 
fornia, this being the first plant of the sort in 
that district. That the project proved a source 
of profit and the plant a significant success is evi- 
denced in the fact that it paid for itself in six 
■^vecks nfter the plant was put in operation. Since 
that time a number of other plants have been 
erected in the same district and by the improved 
process it has bepn found profitable to re-open 



a number of previously abandoned mines, which 
are now yielding good returns. In 1896 Mr. 
Merrill erected a large plant at Harqua Hala, 
Yuma county, Arizona, this likewise being a pio- 
neer cyanide plant, and it has netted the operating 
company a profit of ten thousand dollars a month 
on an investment of thirty thousand dollars. In 
1897 the subject found his services in requisition 
in connection with the erection and equipping 
of the pioneer cyanide plant for the Montana 
Mining Company, Limited, at Marysville, Mon- 
t^.na, the same having a capacity of four hundred 
tons per day and having been erected at a cost 
of one hundred thousand dollars. LTp to the 
present time it has paid a full half million dollars 
in profits. 

In the autumn of 1898 Mr. Merrill began a 
series of individual experiments 'in comiection 
with treating the tailings from the mines of the 
Homestake Mining Company, at Lead, South 
Dakota, said tailings practically representing in 
valuation about half those with which he had 

i previously experimented and had successfullly 
treated. The attraction of such a low-grade 
proposition was due to the great ore reserves 
and large daily tonnage. However, the problem 
was one of exceptional interest and importance, 
and Mr. Merrill has not only added materially 

j to his personal reputation through the success 
which he has gained in the connection, but has 
gained an economic and scientific victory as bear- 
ing upon the great mining industry of this sec- 
tion and other localities where similar conditions 
exist. The difficulties encountered were, first, to 
make a successful separation of the leachable 
portion of the tailings, owing to the fact that 
the battery process produces a very slimy prod- 
uct ; and, second, to overcome the adverse condi- 
tion involved in the fact that the ore carried a 
very high per centage of pyrrhotite, a very objec- 
tionable mineral element in connection with cy- 
aniding, by reason of its marked affinity for oxy- 
gen, and its tendency to decompose considerable 
quantities of cyanide. The problem was finally 
solved on a profitable basis, and the economic 
treatment of the tailings on a large scale began 
with the completion, in April. 1901, of what is 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



983 



known as tlie No. i plant, at Lead, at a cost of 
three hundred thousand dollars, the plant having 
a capacity for treating, approximately, fourteen 
hundred and fifty tons a day, which makes it the 
largest of the sort in the world. It is earning, 
approximately, from thirty to forty thousand dol- 
lars a month, and the tailings treated are those 
secured from the great mills containing five 
hundred and forty stamps at Lead. In the year 
igo2 Mr. Merrill installed for the company its 
second plant, at Gayville, and this has a capacity 
for the treating of an average of eight hnnd-ed 
tons a day. This No. 2 cyanide plant treats the 
leachable sands from what are known as the 
North End mills, the Deadwood, Terra, the eld 
Caledonia and the old Father De Smet, repre- 
senting three hundred and sixty stamps. The 
tailings from these mills are materially lower 
in grade than those at Lead, though practically 
the metallurgical processes employed in the two 
cyanide plants are identical. The second plant is 
running at a fair profit, taking into consideration 
the low grade of material treated, maintaining 
a profit of from seven to ten thousand dollars a 
month. 

In politics Mr. Merrill gives his allegiance 
to the Republican party, but has never desired 
official preferment, preferring to give his entire 
attention to his profession, of which he is an en- 
thusiastic devotee. He is a member of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Mining Engineers, the Institu- 
tion of Mining and Metallurgy, of London, and 
the Chemical, Metallurgical and Mining Society 
of South Africa. 

On the 9th of February. i8g8 :Mr. ^lerrill 
was united in marriage to Miss Clara Robinson, 
of .-\lameda, California, she being a daughter of 
Dr. William H. Robinson, a prominent dental sur- 
geon and practitioner of that state, and of this 
union has been born a daughter, Beatrice, and a 
son, John. 



JOHN .\. SPARGO. master mechanic of the 
grent Homestake T\Iining Company, was born in 
Polk county, Tennessee, on the 12th of October, 
1853. and is a son of James and Mary (I\Iay) 



Spargo, both of whom were born in England. 
James Spargo, Sr., grandfather of the subject, 
was likewise a native of England, and there 
passed the closing years of his life, though he 
had spent a number of years as a resident of 
Cuba. In 1842 the father of the subject came to 
America to accept the position of mechanical en- 
gineer for a copper-mining company in eastern 
Tennessee, bringing machinery with him to com- 
plete the equipment of the plant. He remained 
in the employ of one concern for the period of 
thirty years and is now living retired, in com- 
pany with his devoted wife, in Polk county, Ten- 
nessee, having attained the venerable age of 
eighty years. During the Civil war the mines 
with which he was connected were confiscated and 
worked by the Confederate government, and he 
continued in the same position until the original 
owners again assumed control. 

John A. Spargo, the eldest of the three chil- 
dren, all of whom are living, secured his early 
educational training in private schools and there- 
after continued his studies in the Henry Clay 
School, in Lexington, Kentucky, after which he 
took up the study and practical work of mechan- 
ical engineering under the able direction of his 
honored father. Later he served an apprentice- 
ship of four years in the Corliss Engine Works, 
at Hamilton, Ohio, thereafter remaining there 
employed until 1873, when he was offered and 
accepted a position with the Silver Islet 
Mining Companv on the north shore of 
Lake Superior, where he remained until 
1878, when he came to the Black Hills. 
In November of that year he entered the 
employ of the Homestake Mining Compiny, 
working for a time as machinist and being pro- 
moted from time to time to positions of greater 
trust, until, in 1882, he was finally advanced to 
his present important office of master mechanic. 
Since that time he has had the supervision of all 
machinery in the mines and stamp mills and shops 
of the company, as well as of all construction 
work, ^^^hen he entered the service of the com- 
].iany the mill was equipped with eighty stamps, 
mid this has been increased to nine hundred, 
making it one of the largest and most complete 



984 



HISTORY' OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



stamp mills in the Union, while in the shops are 
made practically all machines and tools demanded 
in connection with the great industry'. Mr. 
Spargo is interested in promising mining prop- 
erties and is known as an able engineer and exec- 
utive. In politics he renders allegiance to the 
Republican party, and fraternally is affiliated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Knights of Pythias and the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen. 

On the 1st of April. 1885, was solemnized the 
n:arriage of Mr. Spargo to Miss Ida Martin, who 
■was born and reared in Wisconsin. She was 
summoned into eternal rest on the loth of Au- 
gust, 1896, and is held in loving memory by all 
who came within the sphere of her gracious in- 
fluence. She is survived bv three children, ]\[a- 
rion Clvde, Ellen ]\Iay and Roger D. 



ALBERT STEELE, who holds the responsi- 
ble and exacting position of day foreman of the 
great stamp mills of the Homestake INIining Com- 
pany, at Lead, is of Scottish extraction in the 
paternal line, though the name, in the form of 
Stahl, has been identified with the annals of Nor- 
way since the fourteenth century, when the orig- 
inal representatives in the far Xorsehnd immi- 
grated thither from Scotland. The subject was 
born in Trondhjem, Norwa}-, on the 6th of April, 
1838, being- a son of Roald and Kjersten Olsen. 
After coming to the United States the subject re- 
verted to the English spelling of the name and 
the one which was undoubtedly the original or- 
thography in Scotland. His father passed his en- 
tire life in Norway, engaged in agricultural pi\r- 
suits, and our subject was thus reared as a farmer 
lad. At the age of fifteen years he accompanied 
a Lutheran clergyman to the northern part of 
Norway, where he passed four years, and he 
then penetrated still farther north, making three 
trips to Spitsbergen with Captain Carlson, whose 
stanch little vessel went forth for the hunting of 
walruses, seals and polar bears. Later Mr. Steele 
made a trip in a brig to Hammerfest, the most 
northerlv civilized town in the world, and thence 
returned with a load of fish to Gothenburg. 



Sweden, where the vessel was laden with 
lumber and proceeded to Hull, England, 
where our subject left the ship and went on a 
Russian brig, bound for Riga, Russia, and loaded 
with flaxseed for the market at Belfast, Ireland. 
The vessel was wrecked on the west coast of 
Scotland, and the members of the crew were 
picked up and brought into Glasgow, whence Mr. 
Steele shipped on the American vessel "Corne- 
lia," of Portland, Maine, the same being bound 
for Brazil. When three weeks out from Glas- 
gow the vessel was wrecked and went to the 
bottom of the sea, the crew and passengers tak- 
ing to the boats and being picked up within 
twenty-four hours by a Welsh brig, and they were 
landed on Silly Island, whence Mr. Steele em- 
barked on a steamboat for Penzance, Cornwall, 
England, thence to Red Ruth and finally to Fal- 
mouth, where he and his companions appealed 
to the American consul, who sent them on to 
Liverpool, via Dublin, where they were looked 
after by the same consul. There the subject 
sailed finally on a shijj named "Henr_\ Brigham." 
bound for San Francisco, and the voyage was an 
exceedingly rough one, necessitating the throw- 
ing overboard of one hundred tons of the cargo, 
while the vessel was greatly disabled, but finally 
dropped anchor in San Francisco in September, 
1861. The vessel was here seized by the govern- 
ment, as it was owned in the south, then in re-, 
hellion against the Union. After being identi- 
fied with the coasting trade for one year ]\Ir. 
Steele went on the stampede of goldseekers to 
Alaska, but he immediately returned to San 
Francisco, where he remained until 1864, when 
he came to Idaho, where he was engaged in 
quartz mining for the ensuing three years. He 
then returned to California where he followed 
the same vocation until 1878, when he set forth 
for the Black Hills, arriving in February. On 
the 2d of the following month he entered the 
employ of the Homestake Mining Company as 
a miner, and was soon afterward made foreman 
of the Highland mine, retaining this position 
two years, at the expiration of which the company 
gave further evidence of appreciation of his abil- 
itv and fidelity by promoting him to the present 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



office as foreman of the stamp mills, the capacity 
of the mills having been increased from three 
hundred and sixty to six hundred and forty 
stamps since he assumed his position as foreman. 
He has a pleasant home in Lead and is held in 
high esteem in the community. In politics Mr. 
Steele gives his support to the Republican party, 
and fraternally he is identified with the lodge, 
chapter and commandery of the ;\Iasonic order, 
and also with the auxiliary organization, the 
( )rder of the Eastern Star. 

In January, 1880. i\Ir. Steele was united in 
marriage to JMiss Theresa Hienish, who was born 
in Germany, and who died in 1881, leaving one 
child, Theresa Marie, who is now a stenographer 
in the state auditor's office, at Lincoln, Nebraska. 
In February, 1884, i\Ir. Steele wedded Miss Mary 
.A.nn Leonard, who was born and reared in 
Pennsylvania, and they became the parents of 
six children, namely : Ellen, Caroline, Albert J., 
Agnes Catherine, John Leonard and Mary Ce- 
celia. While out hunting September 5, 1903, 
Albert J. was accidentally shot by one of his 
companions and died a few hours later. He was 
a bright boy sixteen years old. 



ROBERT H. DRISCOLL, who occupies the 
responsible position of cashier of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Lead, Lawrence county, was born 
in the city of Lowell, Massachusetts, on the ist 
of July, 1857, and is a son of Cornelius and 
Catherine (Costello) Driscoll, the former of 
whom was born in Ireland and the latter in the 
city of Boston, Massachusetts. The father of the 
subject was a child at the time of his parents' 
immigration to the United States, the family set- 
tling in Massachusetts, where he was reared and 
educated. He was for a number of years en- 
gaged in hat manufacturing in the city of Low- 
ell, and he and his wife now maintain their home 
in the historic old town of Salem, that state. Of 
their seven children four are living. 

Robert H. Driscoll was about five years of 
age at the time of his parents' removal from 
Lowell to Salem, and in the latter city he secured 
his preliminary educational discipline in the pub- 



lic schools, being graduated in the high school 
as a member of the class of 1877. In the autumn 
of the same year (1877) he was matriculated in 
Harvard University, where he completed the clas- 
sical course, being graduated in 1881, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. He then accepted 
the position of instructor in Latin and Greek in 
a private academy at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
retaining this incumbency one year, at the expi- 
ration of which he located in Spencer, Iowa, 
where he taught in the public schools for one 
year. He then, in August, 1883, came to Lead, 
South Dakota, and here passed the ensuing three 
years as principal of the public schools, in which 
connection he made an excellent record by 
greatly advancing the interests of the cause of 
education in his field of labor, -systematizing the 
work and inaugurating methods which have con- 
tinued in use ever since. In 1887 he was ap- 
pointed the first auditor of Lawrence county, 
under Republican administration, and in the fol- 
lowing year was duly elected to the office by 
popular vote. In 1889 he was appointed clerk 
of the county and circuit courts, these appoint- 
ments throughout the territory having been made 
by the President of the LTnited States, who se- 
lected all court officials during the territorial 
regime. The subject was incumbent of the office 
at the time South Dakota was admitted to the 
Union, and with other presidential court appoin- 
tees, claimed the right to hold the position until 
the next general election, the clerks appointed by 
the county officials taking issue. Mr. Driscoll 
made a deterniined stand, and was the first to get 
his decision before the supreme court, said de- 
cision being favorable to him and thus settling 
similar contentions throughout the state. In 1890, 
the first regular election, he was chosen to fill 
the office, and in 1892 was re-elected, and that 
without opposition. In 1894 he resigned his of- 
fice and accepted that of cashier of the First 
National Bank, of which he has since continued 
incumbent, having practically the executive 
charge of the affairs of the bank and having 
proved himself an able and discriminating finan- 
cier. He is a member of the directorate of the 
Black Hills Mining Men's Association and also 



986 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of that of the Lead Commercial Chib, while he 
is also a member of the American Mining Con- 
gress and a life member of the Harvard Union, 
an organization of the alumni of his alma mater. 
Mr. Driscoll is intrinsically progressive and pub- 
lic-spirited and takes an active interest in all 
that makes for the advancement of the state of his 
adoption, being a loyal citizen and one who places 
true valuations on men and things. He is a 
stockholder and official in several mining com- 
panies. In politics he gives a stanch allegiance 
to the Republican party. 

On the i6th of September, 1886, was solem- 
nized the marriage of IMr. Driscoll to Miss Cath- 
erine Barry, who was born in Houghton, Michi- 
gan, being a daughter of Thomas and Ellen 
Barry. Mr. and Mrs. Driscoll have two chil- 
dren, Robert E. and James Lowell. 



AARON DUNN, one of the pioneers of the 
northwest and a prominent and honored citizen 
of Deadwood, is a n^vtive of the province of On- 
tario, Canada, having been born on the banks 
of the St. Clair river, a few miles from the city 
of Detroit, Michigan, on the i6th of February, 
1 85 1. . His father, Aaron Dunn, was a native of 
England, and as a young man, in the thirties, 
came to America and took up his residence in 
New York, later going to Canada, where he was 
engaged in the lumber business until 1856, when 
he moved to Minnesota, becoming a pioneer of 
Mower county, that state, where he was engaged 
in lumbering and farming until 1870, when he 
repeated his pioneer experiences to a certain ex- 
tent bv coming to what is now the state of South 
Dakota, locating in the city of Sioux Falls, where 
he passed the remainder of his life, his death 
occurring in 1885. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Isabella Carnathan, was born in the 
north of Ireland, and her death occurred in 1870. 
Thev became the parents of twelve children, of 
whom three are living, the subject of this sketch 
having been the fourth in order of birth. 

.\aron Dunn, whose name initiates this re- 
view, passed his boyhood days under the condi- 
tions of the pioneer epoch in Minnesota, and his 



early educational advantages were perforce some- 
what limited, while he started forth for himself 
when but ten years of age. At that time he 
started for the Red river district of Minnesota, 
but the Indians were a source of constant men- 
ace at the time and the adventurous lad decided 
it better not to attempt to personally annihilate 
the savages, and accordingly turned about and 
went to the southern states, this being in 1862, 
in which year occurred the memorable Minnesota 
massacre, the Indians having gone forth on the 
warpath. The subject's brother, James C, 
was at the time a member of Company B, Fifth 
Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, and at the first 
outbreak of the Indians at Redwood Ferry, for- 
tv-eight of his company engaged in the conflict 
with the savages, and of the number only twenty 
returned, seven of them being wounded, while 
twenty-seven were killed, the other to complete 
the number engaged being the captain of the 
company, who was drowned while crossing the 
Minnesota river. Dtiring the war of the Rebel- 
lion the subject was in various southern states, 
from Missouri to Tennessee. He was too young 
to enlist in the ITnion service, but as a boy per- 
formed his part in forwarding the cause. He 
drove an ambulance for some time, carried dis- 
patches and was employed in the sutler's depart- 
ment, and thus witnessed a number of engage- 
ments. In 1863 he was at Cape Girardeau, Mis- 
souri, at the time of the battle there, and he con- 
tinued in the south until . the end of the war, 
when he returned to the north and remained 
for a few months, when he went to Colorado, 
where he was employed for a time, thence going 
to New Mexico. In 1866 he made his war to 
jNIontana, making the trip via the Bozeman Cut- 
off and Forts Kearney and Smith. At Brown's 
Springs, on the dry fork of the Cheyenne river, 
the party of which he was a member had a con- 
flict with the Indians, losing seven men, while 
afterward the party had several other conflicts 
with the savages, another member being killed. 
Thev arrived in Bozemin in the latter o^rt of 
September, and thence ?ilr. Dunn proceeded to 
\'irginia Citv, where he passed the winter. In 
the spring of 1867 he started forth on a prospect- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ing tour, making his way into the now famous 
Coeur d'Alene district of Idaho and there meeting 
with fair success. He then went to PhilHpsburg, 
Montana, where he took charge of tlie mill of the 
Imperial Silver Mining Company, which he 
l)laced under successful operation, while it had 
]ireviously proved a failure. While under his 
charge eight and one-half tons of silver repre- 
sented the product of the mill. He remained 
with this concern for a period of eighteen months 
and then removed to Rochester, Madison county- 
Montana, where he leased mines and operated 
the same for the ensuing two years, with good 
success. He then went to Trapper City, where 
he operated the Trapper mine for one winter, 
after which he went to the city of Butte, where 
he was offered a quarter interest and a salary 
of ten dollars a day to sink a shaft to a depth of 
one hundred feet in the Hattie Harvey mine. He 
accepted the proposition, sunk the shaft to the 
stipulated depth and then ran a level from the 
bottom a distance of one hundred feet, when he 
struck an immense body of ore running twenty- 
eight per cent, copper, but as thirty per cent, 
was the lowest that would at that time justify 
working, owing to the enormous charges for 
freight, the development did not proceed till 
some time later. It should be stated that this mine 
is now one of the most valuable portions of the 
great property of the Boston & Montana Mining 
Company, Limited. Leaving Butte, Mr. Dunn 
started for the Black Hills, in the summer of 
T876. LIpon reaching Fort Benton, then the 
head of navigation on the Missouri river, he 
found that he had arrived a few hours too late 
to secure the last boat for the season, and in 
company with one companion he purchased a 
skiff, in which they floated four hundred and 
fifty miles down the river, traveling most at night 
and seeing Indians almost daily, this being 
shortly after the great Custer massacre. At Car- 
roll, Montana, they found a steamboat, on which 
they took passage to Bismarck, from which point 
the subject and his party came through with ox- 
tenms to the Black Hills, arriving in Deadwood 
in ( )ctober, 1876, and having managed to avoid 
attack from the Indians while cnroute. He 



passed a month in mining in Deadwood Gulch 
and then joined the stampede to Wolf Mountain, 
but the prospects there turned out a failure and he 
returned in a few weeks to Deadwood. In Jan- 
uary, 1877, Mr. Dunn secured employment in 
the first stamp mill erected and placed in opera- 
tion in the Black Hills, the same being owned 
by M. E. Pinney and Robert Lawton, and being 
located on two cement claims, called the Alpha 
and Omega. This mill was started in operation 
the last day of December, 1876, and though there 
has been no little dispute as to the matter of the 
first mill to be put in operation, Mr. Dtmn 
gives the assurance that this one is unmistakably 
entitled to the distinction. The Bald pulverizer 
had been started previously and run a short time, 
but was not a stamp mill. Mr. Dunn did the 
amalgamating in the stamp mill mentioned for the 
ensuing seven months, and he then engaged in 
prospecting and in speculating in mining prop- 
erties, while for a time he ran the Standby mill, 
at Rochford, and was also identified with the 
operation of several other mills, at varying inter- 
vals. Since 1877 he has been interested in min- 
ing properties in Spruce Gulch, about two and 
one-half miles distant, by road, from Deadwood, 
and is there the principal owner in nineteen full 
claims. Up to the time of this writing about 
fortv thousand dollars have been expended in 
the improvement and developing of these prop- 
erties, while about three thousand tons of ore 
have been shipped to the smelter, the returns 
being from eight to twenty-three dollars a ton, 
while the ground is acknowledged to be rich. He 
also has interests in properties near Custer, where 
he has passed some time in prospecting within 
the past two years, and there he has found a belt 
five miles long and three wide, carrymg all classes 
of silvanite and teluride ore hitherto practically 
unknown, while he predicts that the same district 
will equal the famous Cripple Creek district, in 
Colorado, in which latter he also has some inter- 
ests. Mr. Dunn has made a careful study of 
mining, milling, etc., and is known as one of the 
best amalgamators in the Black Hills. In 1885 
he looked over mining properties in Nova Scotia, 
Vermont and South Carolina for Boston capital- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ists and in 1890-91 performed for them a similar 
service in Colorado and Idaho. He now devotes 
practicall)- his entire attention to the developing 
of his several properties, and is one of the prom- 
inent and popular mining men of the state. In 
1902 Mr. Dunn made a trip to his old home in 
Minnesota, this being his first visit there in forty- 
one years. In politics he gives allegiance to the 
Republican party. 



D. E. A. LUNDOUIST, the first settler of 
the thriving town of Irene, South Dakota, and in 
point of continuous residence its oldest inhabi- 
tant, is a native of Sweden, where his birth oc- 
curred on the 22d day of February, 1858. His 
father, A. G. Lundquist, a well-to-do merchant 
and landowner, also interested for a number of 
years in factories and various other industrial 
enterprises, departed this life in l,iis native land in 
the summer of 1888. The mother, whose maiden 
name' was Eva Wennerstrom, also born and 
reared in Sweden, is still living in that country, 
as are other members of the family, the subject 
and two brothers who reside "in New York city 
being the only representatives in the United 
States. 

^Ir. Lundquist received a liberal education 
in the schools of his native place and after fin- 
ishing the same, in the summer of 1872, took up 
the study of telegraphy, which in due time he 
mastered. For six years he had charge of a rail- 
way station in Norway, during which time he 
creditably filled the positions of operator, ticket 
agent and bookkeeper. At the expiration of the 
time noted he resigned his position and on De- 
cember 4, 1879,. left Norway for America, bound 
for Minnesota, reaching Delavan, that state, twen- 
ty-three days after bidding farewell to the shores 
of his native land. The winter following his 
arrival he attended a country school and after 
spending the next summer herding cattle, he ac- 
cepted, in the fall of 1880, a clerkship in a gen- 
eral store in the town of Easton. During the en- 
suing five years he served as clerk and book- 
keeper for different mercantile establishments in 



Faribault county, ^Minnesota, and in the fall of 
1885 went to La Crosse, Wisconsin, as book- 
keeper for a construction company which was 
building a branch line of the Chicago, Burling- 
ton & Ouincy Railroad to that cit}-. 

Severing his connection with this company, 
i\Ir. Lundquist subsequently returned to Minne- 
sota and for some time thereafter held the posi- 
tion of bookkeeper and cashier in the bank at 
Wells, Faribault county, which place he resigned 
in the summer of 1887 and went to Sioux Falls, 
South Dakota, to enter upon his duties as book- 
keeper for a contractor who was constructing 
into that city a section of the Illinois Central 
Railroad. When this work was done, he con- 
cluded to remain at Sioux Falls, and after spend- 
ing five years there as bookkeeper in a wholesale 
house, he again turned his attention to railroad- 
ing, engaging in the winter of 1892 with the 
Great Northern, which at that time was being 
constructed between the cities of Sioux Falls 
and Yankton. Since the completion of this work, 
in the fall of 1893, Mr. Lundquist has lived at 
Irene, with the history of which town he has been 
very closely identified ever since the place was 
located. Mr. Lundquist came to Irene before 
the town was laid out, locating on the present site 
April 15, 1893, shortly after severing his con- 
nections with the Great Northern Railroad. When 
the tov.m was, in the summer of the above year, 
surveyed and platted, and the proprietor, Jacob 
Schaetzel, Jr., of Sioux Falls, placed the lots on 
the market, ilr. Lundquist was appointed agent 
and continued as such until the fall of 1894, dur- 
ing which time he disposed of the greater num- 
ber of lots, besides using his influence to adver- 
tise the advantages of the place to the world and 
induce a substantial class of people to locate in 
the new and rapidly growing town. He not only 
erected the first building in Irene and became 
the first permanent resident, but is also the fa- 
ther of the first child born in the town, besides 
being the first merchant, served on the first school 
hoard, was the first justice of the peace, and the 
first man in the place to be commissioned notary 
public. Shortly after locating at Irene yir. 
Lundquist opened a general store, which he has 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



989 



since conducted with a large and steadily grow- 
ing patronage. 

Mr. Lundquist is a member of the ^^lasonic 
brotherhood, belonging to Lodge Xo. 5. Sioux 
Falls, having joined the order at Blue Earth City, 
Minnesota, in 1885 ; he is also a charter member 
of Camp No. 2323, Modern Woodmen of Amer- 
ica, with which society he united in June, 1894, 
and in addition to these fraternities, he has been 
identified since November, 1899, with Council 
No. 24, Ancient Order of Pyramids, besides be- 
longing to the order of Home Guardians, Temple 
Lodge No. I, at Canton, South Dakota, joining 
the last named organization in November, 1902. 

On September 20, 1890, at Spirit Lake, Iowa, 
was solemnized the ceremony which united Mr. 
Lundquist and Miss Etta Capitolia Cassidy in the 
holy bonds of wedlock. Mrs. Lundquist was 
born August 4, 1869, in Missouri, and slic has 
presented her husband with five children, whose 
names and dates of birth are as follows : Viva 
Rose, January i, 1892; Vera Maud, September 
19. 1893; Elsie Ruth, November 4, 1894; Esther 
May, June 9, 1896, and Eva Grace, April 20, 
1899, all living, and all born in Irene except the 
oldest, who first saw the light of day in the city 
of Sioux Falls. 



JOHN BLAIR S?.IITH TODD, first dele- 
gate in congress from Dakota, was a native of 
Kentucky, born April, 1814. Educated at West 
Point and entered regular army and served in 
Florida war, war with Mexico and the Rebellion. 
Delegate in congress four years. 1861-1865. Died 
at Yankton, Tanuarv, 1872. 



ALFRED ALDER, one of the leading citi- 
zens and most progressive and highly esteemed 
business men of Volin, Y^ankton county, claims 
the Empire state of the Union as the place of his 
nativity, having been born in the city of Buflfalo, 
New York, on the 29th of August, 1846, a son 
of John and Mary A. (Rosenbach) Alder, of 
whose seven children five are living at the pres- 
ent time, namely : John, who is chief clerk in the 



Indian school at Lawrence, Kansas ; Eugene, who 
resides in Eastman, Minnesota ; Louisa, who is 
the wife of James A. Dickson, of Oklahoma, who 
was for many years superintendent of schools of 
Yankton county ; Jennie, who is the wife of 
Charles Campbell, of Eastman, Minnesota ; and 
Alfred, who is the immediate subject of this 
sketch. 

The father of the subject was born in the city 
of Berwick, on the Tweed, in England, in 1817, 
and was there reared to maturity, having learned 
the trade of .millwright and become an expert in 
the line, while he also served seven years in the 
English army. In 1843 he came to the United 
States and immediately enlisted in the army, in 
which he served one year. He then returned to 
BufTalo, where he was engaged in the work of his 
trade until 1857, when he came to the west, lo- 
cating in Crawford county, Wisconsin, where 
he continued to be actively engaged in the work 
of his trade until his death, which occurred in 
1880, while in 1871 he became the owner of a 
grist mill at Eastman, that state, continuing to 
operate the same successfully until he was called 
from the scene of life's endeavors, in the fulness 
of years and well earned honors. His wife was 
born in Germany, in the year 181 1, and also is 
now deceased. 

Alfred Alder, whose name introduces this 
sketch, secured his early educational discipline in 
the public schools of Buflfalo, New York, being 
about ten years of age at the time when his par- 
ents removed thence to Wisconsin, where he was 
reared to manhood, learning the trade of mill- 
wright under the effective direction of his father 
and devoting his attention to that vocation until 
1 87 1, when he assumed a position in the mill 
owned by his father in Eastman. He continued 
to reside in Wisconsin until 1880, when he re- 
moved to Middle Branch, Nebraska, where he 
erected a flouring mill, successfully operating the 
same until 1886, when he disposed of the prop- 
erty and came to the city of Yankton, South Da- 
kota, where he established himself in the mer- 
cantile business, carrying a general stock of 
goods. About two years later he came to Volin, 
and here he continued in the same line of enter- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



prise until May, 1892. building up a large and 
prosperous business and being known as one of 
the most enterprising and reliable merchants in 
the county. In the month mentioned he sold out 
his mercantile interests and in the autumn of the 
same year he instituted the erection of the Volin 
flouring mill, which was completed the follow- 
ing summer, the same having proved of inesti- 
mable benefit to the people of this section, afford- 
ing facilities for which there had been a recog- 
nized demand. 

In politics Mr. Alder is a stalwart Republi- 
can, and it was his privilege to cast his first 
presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, while 
serving in the Union army and before he had at- 
tained his legal majority, since he was but eigh- 
teen years of age at the time. In ^larch, 1864, 
he enlisted as a private in Company K, First 
Illinois Light Artillery, with which he served un- 
til August of the following year, when he re- 
ceived his honorable discharge, victory having 
crowned the L'nion arms and the rebellion been 
suppressed. Flis father also served with gal- 
lantry as a Union soldier, having enlisted, at 
the age of forty-seven years, in Company I, Fifth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, with which he 
served for three years and four months, 
while his son John W. served for three years 
as a member of Company I, Third Wis- 
consin A'olunteer Cavaln,-. The subject is 
at the time of this writing incumbent of 
the office of treasurer of the village of Volin, but 
he has never been ambitious for public office, 
though ever ready to do his part in forwarding 
the civic and general interests of his home town 
and county, to which he is signally loyal. Fra- 
ternally he is identified with St. John's Lodge, 
Xo. I, Free and Accepted Masons, of Yankton. 

On the 2-th of November, 1873, Mr. Alder 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary A. Fin- 
ney, of Eastman. Wisconsin, and of their ten chil- 
dren nine are still living, namely: John, who is 
employed in his father's mill, being an able young 
brsiness man : Eunice, who remains at the pa- | 
rental home ; Bertha, who is a teacher in the 
public schools at Esthcrvillc. Iowa: Ephraim. ; 
who is engaged in farming in Yankton county ; 



Winifred, who is a teacher in the district schools 
of the county; and Alfred, Jr., Herbert, Bessie 
and Charles, who remain beneath the home 
roof. 



NEL.S J. BRAKKE, who is now living re- 
tired in the village of \'olin. Yankton county, 
where he holds precedence as president of the 
board of village trustees, was born in Norway on 
the 4th of July, 1844, and was there reared and 
educated. At the age of twenty-one years he 
emigrated to Ainerica and settled in Vernon 
county, Wisconsin, where he found employ- 
ment during the ensuing summer, and in the 
autumn of the same year (i"866) he came to 
Y^ankton county, Dakota, becoming one of the 
pioneers of the territory. He pre-empted one 
hundred and sixty acres of land four miles west 
of the present village of Volin, and some time 
later took a homestead claim five miles north- 
west of the town. He set himself earnestly to 
the task of iinproving his land and bringing it 
under effective cultivation, and he continued to 
reside on his homestead claim until 1901, when 
he removed to the village of Volin, where he 
has since lived retired from active business, 
though he maintains a general supervision of 
his fine farming property, which represents the 
results of his many years of earnest toil and 
endeavor. He came to America as a poor young 
man, having had but one silver dollar as the sum 
total of his financial resources at the time of his 
arrival in South Dakota, and it can not be other 
than gratifying to note the position which he 
today occupies as one of the highly esteemed and 
well-to-do citizens of our fine commonwealth. 
He was married in 1868, but has no children. 
In politics he gives an unwavering support to 
the Republican party and has been an active 
worker in its local ranks. He served three years 
as a member of the board of county commis- 
sioners. He is a member of the Lutheran 
church, is a man of inflexible integrity and is 
honored for his sterling character and for the 
ability which he has shown in winning his wav 
to a position of independence. In irpi he was 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



elected president of the board of trustees of the 
village of Volin and is incumbent of the office 
at the time of this writing, having proved a most 
discriminating and faithful executive. 



JOHN O. AASETH comes of sturdy Norse- 
land lineage, and was born in Norway, on the 3d 
of July, 1850, being- a son of Ole Rise and Kare 
(Hestehagen) Aaseth, of whose seven children 
he is the youngest of the three survivors, the 
other two being Anna, who is the wife of Lars 
Hanson, of Yankton county, and Agnethe, who 
is the wife of Ole Gulbranson, who still resides in 
Norway. Both parents are now deceased, the 
father having been engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits in his native land, where he passed his en- 
tire life. Tlie subject of this sketch was reared 
on the homestead farm and his early educa- 
tional discipline was such as was afforded in the 
schools of his native land, where he remained 
until he had attained the age of nearly twenty- 
two years. In the spring of 1872 he severed the 
home ties and set forth to seek his fortunes in 
America, whither he came as a stranger in a 
strange land and dependent upon his own exer- 
tions for a livelihood, since he had no capital as 
a basis of operations and was further handicapped 
in that he was not familiar with the language of 
the country. After landing in New York city 
?\[r. ,\riseth came forthwith to South Dakota, 
whose development was at that time in the initial 
stages, and located in Yankton county. His first 
emplo3'ment was in rafting tics down the Mis- 
souri river for use bv the Dakota Southern Rail- 
road, which was then in process of construction. 
He was thus engaged during the first summer 
and upon demanding his salarv, amounting to 
about one hundred and twenty dollars, he was 
unable to collect the same, having never yet re- 
ceived payment for his arduous labors in the 
connection. During the ensuing winter he found 
emplovment in cutting wood and during the sum- 
mer of 1873 he was an employe on the steamboat 
"Western," plying between Yankton and Fort 
Benton. Montana, while during the harvest sea- 
son he worked in the wheat fields. In the au- 



tumn of that year he secured a position as clerk 
in a general store in the village of Gayville, the 
enterprise being conducted by Iver Bagstad, and 
in due time he became thoroughly familiar with 
all details of the business, gaining the implicit 
confidence of his employer, as is evident when 
we revert to the fact that at the expiration of 
about five years he was admitted to partnership, 
while he has ever since been identified with the 
enterprise, which has grown from one of most 
modest order until it now represents one of the 
largest and most important mercantile concerns 
in Yankton county. In 1892 the business was in- 
corporated under the laws of the state and at this 
time the title of the company was changed to its 
present form, that of Bagstad & Aaseth Company, 
while Mr. Aaseth was made treasurer of the 
concern, in which executive position he has since 
continued. The building utilized has received ad- 
ditions at various times, as the demands of the 
business required more ample accommodations, 
and an extensive space is now used for the ac- 
commodation of the large and varied stock, the 
trade of the company extending over a wide ra- 
dius of country. 

In politics Mr. Aaseth is stanchly arrayed 
in support of the Republican party, and has been 
an active and effective worker in its cause. He 
was for several years a member of the board of 
countv commissioners, and in i88g he was elected 
a member of the first legislature of the state of 
South Dakota, in which capacity he rendered 
efficient service to the state and was an able rep- . 
resentative of the interests of his constituency. 
He takes an active interest in educational matters 
and for the past ten years has been a valued mem- 
ber of the school board of Gayville. He and his ' 
wife are prominent members of the Lutheran 
church, in whose work they take an active part. 
Mr. Aaseth received the appointment of post- 
master of Gayville in 1902, and is still incumbent 
of this position, in which he is giving a capable 
and acceptable administration. He is well known 
throughout the county and is honored as one of 
its representative citizens and business man. 

On the 14th of March, 1879. Mr. Aaseth was 
united in marriage to Miss Christina Welson, of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Gayville, she likewise being a native of Norway, 
and of this union have been born eight children, 
• all of whom still remain at the parental home, 
their names being here entered in order of birth : 
Oliver, Elmer, Carl, Julian, Lewis, Alma, Clara 
and Myrtle. The two next eldest sons are em- 
ployed in the store with which their father has 
so long been identified and the family home is a 
center of hospitality and refinement. 



REV. LAWRENCE LINK is a native of 
Germany, having been born in the province of 
Wurtemberg on the 5th of August, 1869. He 
received his preliminary educational discipline in 
the fatherland and at the age of fourteen years 
he came to America and passed two years with 
his relatives in Pennsylvania, and then came to 
Yankton, South Dakota, where he was under 
the instruction and episcopal guidance of Bishop 
Mart}' for one year, at the expiration of which 
he entered St. Thomas' College, at Marriam 
Park,» St. Paul, where he completed his theo- 
logical course, being ordained to the priesthood 
on the 2d of July, 1894, at Sioux Falls. His 
first charge comprised the towns of Hartford, 
Huntimer, Wellington and Garretson, this state, 
while he maintained his residence in Sioux Falls. 
Tn September of the same year Father Link was 
transferred to Tyndall, where he remained for a 
brief interval, at the expiration of which he was 
called to Yankton to assume charge of Sacred 
Heart church during the absence of the regular 
pastoral incumbent, Father Edward Jones, who 
was absent on a vacation. After the return of 
Father Jones the subject remained as his assist- 
ant until ^larch i. 1895, when the former was 
transferred to another charge and Father Link 
succeeded him in the pastoral charge of this 
parish, where he has since labored. 



DAATD W. DONALDSON, an old and re- 
spected farmer and ])ublic-spirited citizen now 
living in honorable retirement in section 14. 
Spirit Lake township, Kingsbury county, was 
born April i. 1826, in Orange county. New 



York, the son of James and ?^Iary (Waugh) 
Donaldson, natives of Ireland. These parents 
came to America in an early day and after living 
in the state of New York until about 1829. they 
removed to New York city, where their son 
David ^^^ spent the greater part of his early 
life and received his education. He is the fourth 
of six children, only one besides himself living 
at the present time, a sister, Mrs. Emile Clem- 
ents,, whose home is in Illinois. At the age of 
twenty-two, David W. went to ^Michigan ; thence 
to Wisconsin and from the latter state to Iowa, 
locating at Dubuque, where he worked for some 
time as a miner. Leaving that city, he purchased 
a half section of fine Iowa land which he culti- 
vated for eight years, and at the expiration of 
that time, in 1855. moved to Minnesota, where 
he continued to till the soil until the second year 
of the Civil war. On May 7, 1862, he enlisted 
in Company C, Twelfth L^nited States Infantry, 
with which he served three years, during which 
time he participated in a number of sanguinary 
battles and minor engagements, including, among 
others, the second battle of Bull Run. Antietam. 
Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg. Mine Run, and 
the bloody actions in the Wilderness. At 
.Antietam .the drum of his right ear was ruptured 
by the concussion of heavy artillery, causing par- 
tial deafness from which he has never recovered, 
and for years he has been obliged to use an ear 
trumpet to assist his sense of hearing. IMr. 
Donaldson was honorablv discharged in 1865 
with the rank of corporal, after which he re- 
turned to his Minnesota home and there car- 
ried on fanning very successfully until 1882, 
when he disposed of his interests in that state 
and came to King.sbury county. South Dakota, 
taking up a homestead in section 14, Spirit Lake 
township. He soon reduced his land to a high 
state of tillage ; erected a fine residence and made 
many other substantial improvements, until his 
farm is now considered one of the best in the 
county of Kingsbury. He followed agriculture 
and stock raising very profitably until a few 
years ago when, by reason of the comfortable 
competence in his possession and the infirmities 
incident to advancing age, he rented his land and 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



has since lived a retired life. Mr. Donaldson has 
always been a great reader, and takes much 
pleasure in liis books and periodicals, his ac- 
quaintance with literature and his information 
relative to current, public and political questions 
being general and profound. He has always been 
a stanch Republican, remained true to his party 
when Populism threatened its disruption and has 
contributed greatly to its success in his town- 
ship and county. He served a number of years 
as school treasurer, resigning the office in 1902, 
and was for six years clerk of the school board 
in the township of his residence. He is a charter 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic 
post at DeSmet, takes an active interest in al! 
of its deliberations and has filled various official 
positions in the same from time to time. 

Mr. Donaldson, in 184S, was united in mar- 
rias'e to IMiss Mary Clark, who was born in 
Allegany county. New York, December 3, 1832, 
being the daughter of Joseph and Sarah 
(Bable) Clark, of that state- Mr. and Mrs. 
Donaldson have been married fiftv-five years and 
are still hale, hearty and happy and seem to enjoy 
life much more than the majority of people. 
Their home is noted for its hospitality and all 
who .know the excellent old couple esteem them 
for their many amiable qualities and sterling 
worth. They have nine children, whose names 
and dates of birth are as follows : Clara I.. May 
6. 1850; James, June 29, 1852: Elizabeth, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1855; Sarah J., February 6, 1857; 
Emily, April 11, 1859; Mary, Januan- 23, 1861 ; 
Frances E., January 16, 1863; Ella, August 24, 
1866, and George E., who was born June 23, 
1870, all living but Clara and Frances, the for- 
mer dying May 4, 1875, the latter on Septem- 
ber 22, 1863. 



I ERNEST DUMONT SKILLMAN. cashier 

* of the State Bank of Irene, Clay county, was born 
in Macon, Lenawee county, Michigan, on the nth 
of June, 1867, and thence his parents removed to 
South Bend, Indiana, in 1868. and from the lat- 
ter place to Bethlehem, Albany county. New 



York, in 1872. In a country district school in 
the last mentioned locality the subject received 
his early educational discipline, while later he 
was there under private instruction at home. In 
1883 the family came to the territory of Dakota, 
and the subject's education was here completed 
in the Sioux Falls University, where, with his 
brother, Willett R,, now of New York city, he 1:)C- 
longed to the upper classes in 1883-4. 

Rev. William Jones Skillman, father of him 
whose name initiates this sketch, was born in 
New Jersey, in the year 1835, and was gradu- 
ated in Rutgers College in i860, while three years 
later he was graduated in the theological semi- 
nary of the Dutch Reformed church, at New 
Brunswick, New Jersey. He forthwith entered 
the ministry of his ancestral church, and he has 
been pastor of churches of that denomination as 
follows: Macon, Michigan, from 1863 to 1868; 
South Bend, Indiana, from 1868 to 1872 ; First 
Bethlehem church, on the Hudson fiver, near Al- 
bany, New York, from 1872 until 1883. In the 
last mentioned year he came with his family to 
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, as before mentioned. 
Here he organized the Presbyterian church, while 
later he served the Presbyterian churches of Dell 
Rapids and Flandreau,-this state, the family in 
the meanwhile continuing to reside in Sioux 
Falls. Later Mr. Skillman held for a short time 
the position of professor of Greek in the North- 
western Academy at Orange City, Iowa, and 
finally, in 1886, he assumed pastoral charge of the 
Livingston Reformed church, of Sioux Falls, 
while he was also editor and proprietor of the 
Sioux Falls Journal. In 1894 he removed to the 
city of Philadelphia, where he was for a time 
pastor of the Talmage Memorial church, being 
now pastor of the South church (Reformed), 
of that city. Until 1902 he was also there asso- 
ciate editor of the "City and State." His wife, 
whose maiden name was Susie Eleanor Gilliland, 
was born in New York city, in 1841, and was 
reared and educated in the national metropolis, 
earlv becoming a teacher and later vice-principal 
o.f the leading public school of New Brunswick, 
New Jersey. The parents of the subject are both 
living and are hale and vigorous, worthy types of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



stanch ancestral stock and of noble manhood and 
womanhood. ! 

The Skillman family is one of the oldest in j 
America. All of the name in the United States 
descend from Captain Thomas Skillman, who was 
an English soldier and a member of the Duke of 
York's expedition, under command of Colonel 
(afterward Governor) Nicolls, to whom New 
Amsterdam surrendered in 1664, becoming known 
thereafter as New York. The subject of this 
sketch is of the eighth generation in direct line 
of descent from Captain Thomas Skillman. The 
family, however, is more Dutch (Holland) and 
Huguenot (French) than it is English, having a 
record, both direct and through inter-marriage, 
which shows such characteristic names as Petit. 
Aten, Van Alse. Quick, Runyon, Longstreet, Per- 
rine. etc. It includes at least three families all 
the members of which bearing the name respect- 
ively spring from a common ancestor — the Skill- 
mans, as noted, the Scudders and the Runyons. 
The same also may be said of all the rest except 
the first, though the lineage has not been worked 
out so closely and clearly as in the case of the 
three mentioned. The paternal grandmother of 
the subject bore the maiden name of Mary Scud- 
der, she being the seventh by descent from 
Thomas Scudder, of Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
and later, in 1635, of historic old Salem. One of 
the great-grandparents of the subject was Cath- 
arine Runyon, the fifth by descent from Vincent 
Rongnion, who was born in Poitou, France, in 
1640, and who was one of the Huguenots who 
fled their native land to escape the persecution 
incident to the revocation of the edict of Nantes. 
The Perrines, on the maternal side, were also 
Huguenots, and the maternal grandfather of the 
subject's mother was by birth a Spaniard, being 
an early resident of New York city. The Gilli- 
lands were Scotch-Irish and earlv became set- 
tlers of New Jersey, the mother of i\'Ir. Skillman 
being of the fourth generation from John Gilli- 
land, of the Spottswood neighborhood. His son 
David married Eleanor Perrine Willett. repre- 
senting another of the oldest, most numerous aivi 
best known families of New York. There is 
English. Dutch, French, Scotch and Scotch- 



Irish, Welsh and Spanish blood in the Skillman 
family as represented in the subject of this sketch, 
and so far as known, with a single exception, that 
of the Spanish great-grandfather on the mother's 
side, not one of the families thus interrelated has 
been in America for less than two centuries, while 
some, as the Scudders and others, have been es- 
tablished on American soil for nearly three cen- 
turies. Soldiers in the war for independence, 
both privates and officers, are found among the 
ancestors of the family in nearly all its compo- 
nent households. 

Ernest D. Skillman accompanied his parents 
to South Dakota in 1883. and for the first four 
years after his arrival in the state he devoted his 
attention to farming, being associated with his 
brother, \Vil!ett R., in improving and cultivating 
his father's farm, about one and one-half miles 
northwest of Sioux Falls, the two brothers main- 
taining bachelor's hall during this interval. In 
January, 1887, ]\Ir. Skillman secured a position 
as collection clerk for the Sioux Falls National 
Bank, in which he was eventually promoted to the 
officer of teller, retaining this incumbency until 
the 1st of November, 1893, when he resigned, to 
accept a position in the office of the treasurer of 
Minnehaha county, where he remained until the 
following June, when he resigned the office to 
accept that of cashier and manager of the State 
Bank of Irene, at Irene, Clay couiity, said institu- 
tion having been organized in May, 1894, by Ja- 
cob Schaetzel, Jr., William A. Schaetzel and 'Sir. 
Skillman, who still remain the interested princi- 
pals, while the subject has further continued to 
hold the chief executive office from the time of 
the organization to the present. 

In politics Mr. Skillman gives his allegiance 
to the Republican party, and he was chairman of 
the board of trustees of the town of Irene for one 
year, his term expiring on the ist of June, 1902, 
while for three years he was treasurer of the 
Irene school district, his term expiring June i, 
1903. He is clerk of Irene Camp, No. 2323, Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, having held this office 
for several years, while he has been correspond- 
ent of the Tri-County Homestead, No. 647. at 
Irene, since the time of it? organization, in 1901. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



995 



His religious faith is that of the Dutch Reformed 
church, in which he was reared. 

On the 4th of October, 1892, was solemnized 
the marriage of ^Ir. Skillman to Miss Mary E. 
Schaetzel, of Sioux Falls, she being the only 
daug^hter of Jacob Schaetzel. Jr. She was born 
in Freeport, Illinois, on the 8th of January, 1872, 
and was but three years of age at the time of her 
parents' removal to Sioux Falls, where she was 
reared and educated. She was the first, gradu- 
ate in music in All Saints' school, in this city. 
Both her father and mother were born in Wis- 
consin, the maiden name of the latter having been 
Catherine Brenner, and all of her grandparents 
were native of Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Skill- 
man have two children, Roy Jacob, who was born 
at Sioux Falls, Augaist 14, 1893, and Katherine 
Anna, who was born in Irene, February 10, 1895. 



JACOB SCHNAIDT, one of the prominent 
business men of Menno, Hutchinson county, is 
a native of southern Russia, where he was born 
November 10, 1S47, ^ son of Frederick W. and 
Salomea (Herr) Schnaidt, to whom were born 
two children, Frederick having died at the age of 
one year. The parents of the subject passed their 
lives in southern Russia, the father having- there 
been engaged in agricultural pursuits during his 
active life, being a man of prominence and in- 
fluence in the community, and having held for 
several years the office of mayor of the town of 
Cassel, in which he maintained his home. His 
father. Frederick W. Schnaidt, was born in Ger- 
manv, whence he emigrated to Russia in 1807, 
and he likewise was mayor of Cassel for a num- 
ber of years and wielded marked influence in 
public affairs of local nature. The subject of this 
sketch passed his youthful days on the homestead 
farm and secured such educational advantages as 
were afforded in the schools of the locality. Upon 
attaining maturity he continued his identification 
with agriculture, while in his native place he was 
married, in 1868, to Miss Catherine Mehlhaf. 
In 1873 they set forth to seek their fortunes in 
America, arriving in due time in New York 
city and thence coming to what is now South 



Dakota. Mr. Schnaidt forthwith took up a pre- 
emption claim in Bon Homme county, but a 
year later he removed to Yankton, where he se- 
cured employment as a salesman in the hardware 
establishment of the firm of Dudley & Hawley, 
with whom he remained about five years, at 
the expiration of which he engaged in the same 
line of business upon his own responsibility. 
Yankton being then the capital of the ter- 
ritory. In 1 88 1 he sold his business and came 
to jMenno, where he opened a hardware store, 
successfully conducting the same until 1887, 
when he disposed of the enterprise and engaged 
in the lumber business, this undertaking like- 
wise prospering under his able supervision. In 
1898 IMr. Schnaidt sold his lumber yard and 
purchased the hardware store and business which 
he had previously owned, and to the same he has 
since given his attention, controlling a trade 
which extends throughout the wide area of coun- 
try naturally tributary to the town and being 
known as one of the county's most progressive 
and reliable business men. He is the owner of 
four hundred and eighty acres of valuable land 
in the county, and the same is well improved. 

In politics Mr. Schnaidt gives an unfaltering 
allegiance to the Republican party, in whose 
councils he is a prominent figure in the state. In 
1882 he was elected county commissioner, serv- 
ing two terms, while- he was a member of the 
territorial legislature in 1887, serving one term. 
In 1890 he was elected to represent his district 
in the state senate, serving through the general 
assembly of the ensuing year and still farther 
proving his loyalty to and interest in the state 
with whose interests he has so long been 
identified. In igoi he was appointed a member 
of the state board of charities and corrections 
and is incumbent of this office at the time of this 
writing. He and his wife are prominent mem- 
bers of the German Reformed church. They are 
the parents of thirteen children, namely : Jacob, 
Jr., who is engaged in the real-estate, loan and 
insurance business in Menno ; Christoph, who 
is now a resident of Lodi, California; Emil, who 
is with his father in the store; Henry, who is a 
druggist in Groton, this state; Edward, who is 



996 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



preparing- himself for the profession of dentistry ; 
and Magdalena, William, Lydia, Helmuth, 
Martha, Herbert, Gideon and Theodore, all of 
Avhom remain at the parental home. 



C. A. ERLANDSOX, senior member of the 
firm of Erlandson & Johnson, general merchants, 
of Milbank, is another of the sons of the North- 
land who have contribnted so materially to the 
industrial, business and civic development and 
progress of South Dakota. "Sir. Erlandson was 
born in Sweden, on the 20th of August, 1847, 
and is the son of parents wlio passed their entire 
lives in their native land. The subject was edu- 
cated in the excellent schools of Sweden and 
Avhcn but scarcely attained to manhood he set 
forth to seek his fortune in America. After sev- 
eral years he came to South Dakota and located 
in the newly founded village of Milbank, with 
whose upbuilding and business interests he has 
been identified, while he lias attained a high de- 
gree of prosperity and is known as one of the 
reliable and straightforward business men and 
valuable citizens of the town and county in which 
he has made his home for nearly a quarter of a 
centurv. 



JA:\IES DONNELLY, one of the leading 
farmers and stock raisers of Bon Homme county, 
was born April 19. 185 1. at Black Earth, Dane 
county, Wisconsin, and is the oldest of a family 
of six children, whose parents, Frank and Nancy 
(Reegan) Donnelly, were natives of Ireland. 
Shortly after their marriage Frank Donnelly and 
wife came to America and settled in Dane county, 
Wisconsin, where they continued to reside from 
1850 to 1 86 1. In the latter year, with several 
other families, they started west and in due time 
reached Niobrara, Nebraska, where they made 
settlement and purchased government land, being 
among the first pioneers in that part of the state. 
Mr. Donnelly improved his land and lived on the 
same for a period of five years, at the end of 
Mdiich time he sold out and moved to Bon Homme 
county. South Dakota, locating in Ruiming Wa- 



ter township, where he and his wife spent the 
remainder of their <la\s. Ijoth dying in the year 
1902, she in April .-ind he in the month of Octo- 
ber. By occupation Mr. Donnelly was a black- 
smith, w hich trade he followed exclusively in his 
native country, but after coming to the United 
States the greater part of his attention was de- 
voted to agricultural pursuits. As stated above, 
the subject of this review is the oldest of the 
children born to Frank and Nancy Donnelly, the 
others being Mary, widow of Michael O'Shea : 
Hannah, wife of William Rogers, of Bon 
Homme county ; Margaret, who married James 
McKenna and lives in Yankton county ; Frank 
E. dives in Nebraska, and John, whose home is 
in Alberta, Canada. 

James Donnelly was ten years old when he ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to Ne- 
braska and he retains vivid recollections of the 
long and somewhat wearisome journey by ox- 
team to their new home in the west. He came 
with the family to South Dakota and at the age 
of twenty-two left the parental roof and entered 
one hundred and sixty acres in section 15. Run- 
ning Water township, in addition to which he also 
took up the same amount of land in section 14, 
both of which tracts he at once proceeded to 
improve. After residing on his original purchase 
until 1885, he bought the quarter section where 
he now lives, but since then he has added to its 
area until the farm now includes four hundred 
and eighty acres of fine land, admirablv situated 
in one of the richest agricultural districts of Bon 
Homme county. 

Mr. Donnelly has brought his place to a high 
state of tillage, besides making a number of valu- 
able improvements thereon, his elegant and com- 
modious modern dwelling, erected in 1899, be- 
ing one of the finest and most attractive country 
residences in the township of Running Water. 
While enjoying marked prestige as an enterpris- 
ing agriculturist, he makes stock raising his 
principal business and since the year 1880 his at- 
tention has been largely devoted to this impor- 
tant industry. He breeds and raises a fine grade 
of Durham cattle, pays considerable attention to 
hogs and for some years past has made a spe- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ciallv of Percheron and coach horses, of which 
he keeps a large number and for which there is 
ahvays a lively demand at good prices. 

;\Ir. Donnelly is a man of progressive ideas 
and tendencies and to him as much as to any 
other individual is due the advancement of Run- 
ning Water township along material lines and 
the prosperity of its people. In politics he has 
been a stanch supporter of the Democratic party 
ever since old enough to cast a ballot, but his 
inclination has never led him to seek office or as- 
pire to leadership. Religiously he was born and 
reared in the Catholic church and still adheres 
loyally to that faith, belonging with his family 
to the congregation at Running Water. 

In Tnne, 1873, was solemnized the marriage of 
^Ir. Donnelly and Miss Kate Milligan. the httcr 
a native of County Roscommon, Ireland, and the 
daughter of James and Alary Milligan. Mrs. 
Donnelly came to this country in 1S70, 
her parents remaining in Ireland the re- 
mainder of their lives, the mother dying 



186(^1, the father in the vcar 



^73- 



Mr. and Mrs. Donnelly are the parents of nine 
children : Frank, formerly a teacher in the pub- 
lic schools, but now his father's assistant on the 
farm ; James E.. also at home : Winnie, wife of 
Lawrence Wilson, of Running Water : Annie, 
'vho taught for five years in the county schools, 
but at this time runs a dressmaking establish- 
ment in the city of Yankton ; Mary, Maggie, 
Katie, Zoie and Laura, the last five, with an 
adopted daughter by the name of Lillie Moore, 
a popular teacher of six years' experience, but 
now married to James Gayner. of Springfield, 
Bon Homme county. South Dakota, being mem- 
bers of the home circle. 



JOHX SCH:\1TERER, Jr.. cashier of the 
German American Bank at Parkston. Hutchin- 
son county, and recognized as one of the able 
young business men of this section of the state, 
was born in the soutbpastern part of Russia, be- 
ing a son of John and Elizabeth (Becker) Schmi- 
erer. emigrating with his family to the Ignited 
States, locating in Scotland, Bon Homme 



county. South Dakota, the state being at that 
time still a portion of the great undivided ter- 
ritory of Dakota. He established himself in the 
hardware and fann-implement business and there 
continued to be successfully engaged in business 
for several years. Subsequently he purchased 
the Parkston State Bank and reorganized the 
same, of which he has ever since been president, 
while the subject of this sketch was made cashier 
at the time of reorganization, the bank being one 
of the solid and popular monetary institutions of 
this section, while it is incorporated under the 
title of the German American Bank. 

The suljject of this sketch was still an infant 
at the time of his parents' emigration to America, 
and he has thus passed practically his entire life 
in South Dakota. After completing the curricu- 
lum of the public schools he continued his stud- 
ies in the State Lhiiversity. and supplemented this 
bv a course in the Bryant & Stratton Business 
College at Chicago, Illinois. After completing his 
work in that institution he was employed for one 
y-ear bv a business firm of that city, and was then 
compelled to resign his position by reason of a 
severe attack of illness. He then returned to his 
home in South Dakota, and for a while was em- 
ployed in the Bank of Scotland, after which he 
was' made cashier of the German American Bank 
of Parkston, of which position he has ever since 
been incumbent. 



IMORDECAI WILLSON, M. D.— The suc- 
cess achieved by this scholarly and enterprising 
physician and surgeon has won him recognition 
among the leading men of his profession, not 
only in the city of his residence, but throughout 
this section of the state, he being regarded as 
one of the most skilled surgeons in the north- 
west, while his success in the treatment of dis- 
eases peculiar to the female sex has gained him 
a prestige such as few attain. 

Dr. Willson was born in New Y^ork state ami 
spent his early years there, entering, as soon as 
old enough, the ptiblic schools, after which he 
prosecuted his studies for some years in an 
academy. Still later he entered an educational 



998 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



institution in Vermont, and there applied him- 
self very closely to study, the meanwhile receiv- 
ing special training on the violin, an instrument 
for which he early manifested a fondness. Leav- 
ing the above institution he continued his musical 
studies under the direction of competent in- 
structors, making rapid advancement and be- 
coming an accomplished violinist. He taught 
music and also played in a number of high-class 
concerts both in Canada and the United States. 

During the latter year of his concert work 
Dr. Willson studied medicine and later entered 
the Detroit Medical College, from which he was 
graduated. Prior to his becoming a student of 
the above institution, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Helen Volser, and after his graduation 
removed to Kansas, where he practiced his pro- 
fession very successfully during the following 
several years. He then located in Nebraska, 
where he did a large professional business, also 
erecting and maintaining a hospital. 

Disposing of his interests in Nebraska. Dr. 
Willson came to Yankton, South Dakota, where 
he has since been actively engaged in the practice 
of his profession, devoting special attention to 
surgery and female diseases, in both of which 
lines his success has been such as to gain him 
much more than local repute. As a surgeon he 
ranks with the ablest in the state, halving per- 
formed many difficult operations. 



JOHN FAGAN.— The well-improved and 
valuable ranch of the subject is eligibly located, 
in Potter county, ten miles southeast of the thriv- 
ing town of Gettysburg, and he is known as one 
of the energetic and successful farmers and stock 
growers of this section of the state. 

Mr. Fagan is a native of Iowa, and his father 
emigrated from the fair Emerald Isle to America, 
first locating in the city of Philadelphia, and 
later becoming a pioneer of Iowa. 

Mr. Fagan passed his youthful years in Iowa 
and Illinois, and his educational advantages were 
those afiforded by the public schools. He came to 
South Dakota in 1884, and in the following 
spring he took up government land ten miles 



southeast of Forest City, Potter county, and there 
devoted his attention to farming and stock rais- 
ing until 1900, when he disposed of his property 
in that location and purchased his present finv^ 
estate, which is one of the valuable places of this 
portion of the state, the same being equipped with 
substantial buildings and having excellent fa- 
cilities for the raising of stock as well as for the 
raising of large crops of farm products best 
adapted to the soil and climate. 



C. W. LEANING, a representative of the 
agricultural interests of South Dakota and one 
of the leading farmers of Yankton county, was 
born in Otsego county. New York, in 1853, and 
is a son of William and Phoebe A. (Thom) 
Leaning. The father was born in Lincolnshire, 
England, April 16, 1825, and in 1851 was 
brought to America. He became a resident of 
New York, settling near Cooperstown, and there, 
when he arrived at years of maturity, he wedded 
IMiss Thorn. In the year 1867 he came with his 
family to South Dakota, making his way to Deni- 
son, Iowa, on the train, thence to Sioux City ho- 
stage and from there coming up the river on the 
boat "Paragon" to Yankton, thus becoming 
identified with pioneer interests in this section of 
the state. There they resided in a house with five 
other families for three weeks. On coming to 
Yankton, Mr. Leaning secured one hundred and 
sixty acres of land, which he entered from the 
government and upon which he built a log house 
and began the development of a farm. ]\Iany 
perils and difficulties were to be borne by the I 
early settlers. Not only did they fear Indian I 
attacks, but their crops were destroyed by grass- 
hoppers and all the inconveniences and difficulties 
of pioneer life were to be met. Mr. Leaning. 1 
however, persevered in his work until he at- I 
tained success, becoming the owner of a valu- ' 
able property here. At the time of the Civil 
war he strongly advocated the Union cause and 
joined the army. In 1863, while in his tent, he 
was wounded and lost one of his fingers. He 
was a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and a genial gentleman of sterling worth. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



999 



having the warm regard of many friends, tak- 
ing pride not only in the progress of his own 
affairs but did everything in his power to aid in 
the development and upbuilding of his country. 
He died in February, 1903, while his wife passed 
awav in November, 1902, and thus the country 
lost two of its most honored pioneers and valued 
citizens. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Leaning were bom 
four children : Elsie A., Mary., C. W-, and Alice, 
Imt the last named is now deceased. The daugh- 
ter Elsie became the wife of George W. Owens 
and unto them have been born three children, of 
whom one died in infancy, while the son, 
Chauncv, and the daughter, ]\Iary Alice, are yet 
under the parental roof. Their son loyally es- 
poused the cause of his countn,- in the Spanish- 
American war and became a member of Company 
C, First Regiment South Dakota \'olunteers. He 
went as far as San Francisco and was there 
taken ill, after which he was sent home. He 
joined the army in May and returned in Sep- 
tember. He was sergeant of his company and 
was popular with his comrades. An enterpris- 
ing young business man of Yankton county, he 
is now engaged extensively and successfull_y in 
the poultry business, making a specialty of rais- 
ing and breeding Plymouth Rock poultry. 

C. W. Leaning spent his boyhood and youth 
in the Empire state and acquired his education 
in the public schools there, \^'ith the family he 
came to the west and has since carried on general 
farming in this portion of the country, becom- 
ing one of the successful and leading agricultur- 
ists of the community. He is now the owner of 
forty acres of good land, all of which is under 
cultivation and returns to him very desirable 
crops because of the care and labor he bestows 
on it. He has lived here since the days when 
antelopes were seen on the prairie and when there 
were many wolves and wild game. 

On the 23d of May, 1892, Mr. Leaning was 
united in marriage to Aliss Minnie E. Batchellor, 
a daughter of Watson and Elizabeth Batchellor, 
natives of Illinois. The father was a farmer and 
carpenter. Unto ]\Ir. and Mrs. Leaning were 
born four children, a little boy, Mary A., Byron 
C. and Phebe. of whom all but the youngest 



died in infancy. Mrs. Leaning died in Septem- 
ber, 1899, and Phebe, a girl of seven, is now 
with her father and aunt, Mrs. Owens, at the old 
home. 

In his political \-iews Mr. Leaning is an earn- 
est Republican, keeping well informed on the 
issues of the day and giving his earnest support 
to his party. He belongs to the Congregational 
church, with which he has been identified since 
his removal to the west. Mr. Leaning also be- 
longs to Modern Woodman Camp Xo. 1557, and 
in matters of citizenship is public-spirited and 
progressive, taking an active interest in every- 
thing pertaining to the upbuilding of his com- 
munity. 



W. F. STEARXS. treasurer of Douglas 
county, was born on a farm in Seneca county, 
Ohio, on the 15th of September, 1850. being the 
eldest of the four surviving children of John B. 
and Adaline H. (Kelly) Stearns. His brother 
Alden W. is a broker of mining stock, residing 
in Garden Grove, Iowa ; Clara is the wife of J. 
D. Bartow, of Plankinton, South Dakota: and 
Grace is the wife of J. E. Vail, of Garden Grove, 
Iowa. The father of the subject was born in the 
state of X^ew York, and when he was five vears 
of age his parents emigrated thence to Ohio, 
becoming pioneers of that commonwealth, and 
there he was reared to maturity on a farm, secur- 
ing a common-school education. He continued 
to be engaged in agricultural pursuits in Seneca 
county until 1883. when he rented his fine farm, 
comprising three himdred and sixtv acres, and 
came west, taking up a homestead claim in what 
is Beadle county. South Dakota. After proving 
up on his claim he returned to Ohio, where he 
remained one year, at the expiration of which he 
returned to South Dakota and located in the 
village of Plankinton, where he became promi- 
nently identified with the grain and live-stock 
business, continuing operations in the line until 
his death, which there occurred in 1890, at which 
time he was sixty-six years of age. He was a 
stanch Republican in politics, and though he 
never sought office he was an important factor in 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the councils of his party while a resident of Ohio, 
having been a close personal friend of ex-Gover- 
nor Charles Foster, whose home was in Seneca 
county, and having been one of his able lieu- 
tenants in various campaigns. He was a mem- 
ber of the Methodist church and was a man of 
marked business acumen and sterling character, 
commanding the respect of all who knew him. 
His wife, who was likewise born in Ohio, is now 
living at Garden Grove, Iowa. 

W. F. Stearns was reared on the homestead 
farm and secured his educational discipline in 
the public schools of his native county. Upon at- 
taining maturity he assumed charge of the home 
farm, to whose management he continued to 
give his attention until 1877, when he came to the 
west, locating in ^^'iIson county, Kansas, where 
he secured a tract of land and was engaged in 
farming about eight years. In the spring of 1885 
he came to what is now the state of South Da- 
kota and located in Plankinton, where he was 
engaged in the buying and shipping of grain un- 
til 1893, having built up a large and profitable 
enterprise in the line. In the year mentioned he 
removed to Armour, where he has since main- 
tained his home. Here he established a general 
mercantile business, becoming one of the pioneer 
business men of the town and one of its leading 
citizens, and he continued this business until the 
autumn of 1902, when he disposed of the same, 
since which time he has given his entire attention 
to his official duties and to the supervision of his 
private interests. 

j\Ir. Stearns is one of the wheelhorses of the 
Democratic party in this section, having been an 
efficient worker in its cause. In July. i8g8, he 
was appointed to the office of county treasurer, to 
fill the vacancy caused by the death of the regular 
incumbent, the late J. F. James, and in the elec- 
tion of November, 1900, he was returned to the 
office by popular vote, giving so able an adminis- 
tration as to lead to his re-election as his own 
successor in the autumn of 1902, so that he is 
now serving his third consecutive term as county 
treasurer. He was for a number of years a mem- 
Ijer of the board of education and at all times 
manifests a livelv interest in all that concerns the 



welfare and advancement of his home town and 
county. Fraternally he is identified with Arcania 
Lodge, No. 18, Free and Accepted Masons ; with 
Armour Tent, No. 18, Knights of the !\Iacca- 
bees, and with Plankinton Lodge, No. '/J, Ancient 
Order of L'nited Workmen. 

On the 2ist of October, 1875, was solemnized 
the marriage of ]\Ir. Stearns to Miss Alice C. 
Her. who was born and reared in Seneca county, 
Ohio, being a daughter of Conrad and Julia Her, 
and the subject and his wife are the parents of 
four children: Pearl H.. Lloyd A.. Grace and 
Walter, all of whom remain beneath the parental 
rooftree. 



GEORGE D. CORD, one of the founders 
and builders of the attractive and thriving town of 
Delmont. Douglas county, and the president of 
the Security .State Bank of Delmont, was born 
in Kaukauna. Outagamie county, Wisconsin, on 
the 8th of September, 1866, being a son of 
Charles and Mary (Knapp) Cord, of whose five 
children we enter the following brief record : 
Catherine A. is the wife of William Dyke, of 
Effingham, Illinois ; Mary died IMarch 24, 1904. 
and was the wife of Howard Parmelee, of Lin- 
coln, Nebraska;, Dr. Charles E. is a practicing 
physician at Chicago Heights, Illinois ; Mark D. 
is a resident of Danbury, Iowa, having been 
engaged in the real-estate business, but being now 
retired : and George D. is the immediate subject 
of this sketch. The honored father was born in 
Lincolnshire. England, about the year 1835, and 
was there reared and educated, learning the trade 
of millwright. In 1854 he came to the United 
States, locating in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where 
he was employed as a miller for a number of 
years, in different mills. Later he became the 
owner of a mill at Barton, that state, operating 
the same for several years, and while there resid- 
ing his marriage was solemnized. He finally re- 
moved to Kaukauna, where he built a flouring 
mill, operating the same about five years, this be- 
ing at the time of the Civil war. He had a large 
stock of flour on hand and at the time of Lee's 
surrender there was so great a depreciation in the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



value of this commodity that he met with great 
financial loss, being forced into bankruptcy. He 
then removed to Madison, Wisconsin, where he 
secured employment in the mills, continuing to be 
thus engaged until he had to a degree recouped 
his financial resources. He then removed to An- 
amosa, Iowa, where he erected mills, and in 1881 
he located in Oakland, Nebraska, where he op- 
erated a mill about four years, and there he met 
his death as the result of an accident. He was 
preparing to clean a revolver, and in taking the 
same from a trunk the lid fell in such a way as to 
discharge the weapon, the shot causing his death 
within ten minutes. He was at the time prepar- 
ing to come to the Black Hills district of Dakota, 
to take charge of milling properties. He was a 
man of excellent business ability and sterling 
character, was a Republican in politics, a com- 
municant of the Protestant Episcopal church and 
a member of the Masonic fraternity. His widow, 
who was born in the state of New York, now 
resides in the home of her elder daughter, in Ef- 
fingham, Illinois, she likewise being a devoted 
communicant of the Episcopal church. 

George D. Cord, the immediate subject of 
this sketch, was reared under the grateful influ- 
ences of a refined and cultured home, and secured 
his educational discipline in the public schools, 
completing his studies in the high school at Ana- 
mosa, Iowa. At the age of sixteen years he se- 
cured a position in a job-printing office in Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin, where he remained one year. 
gaining an excellent knowledge of the "art pre- 
servative." He then entered the service of the 
Chicago. St. Paul, i\Iinneapolis & Omaha Rail- 
road, in the capacity of station agent, remaining 
in the employ of this company for a period of 
about sixteen years, within which was located at 
various points on the line of the system, having 
been for thirteen years the agent at Coleridge, 
Nebraska. In 1899, at which time he was agent 
at Harrington, Nebraska, he resigned his position 
and forthwith came to South Dakota, locating in 
Delmont, Douglas county, the town having at the 
time a population of only eighty persons, and here 
he engaged in the real-estate business, bringing 
to bear in his operations the characteristic push 



and energy with which he is so eminently en- 
dowed. Mr. Cord has bought and sold much of 
the village property and also the major portion 
of the land for miles around, having been largely 
instrumental in bringing here a desirable class 
of settlers, who have developed rich and pro- 
ductive farms and have been signally prospered. 
It may be safely said that to him more than to 
any other one man is due this gratifying devel- 
opment of this section, while he has so ordered 
his course as to gain and retain the highest confi- 
dence and esteem of all. In January, 1903, he 
effected the organization of the Security State 
Bank, in which he owns the controlling stock, 
and he is president of this institution, which is 
ably conducted and which is accorded an appre- 
ciative support in the community. In politics he 
is a stalwart advocate of the principles and poli- 
cies of the Republican party, in whose cause he 
has been an active and valued worker, and during 
the campaign of 1902 he was a member of the 
state executive committee of his party, while at 
the time of this writing he is a member of the 
county executive committee. His religious faith 
is that of the Episcopal church, and fraternally 
he is prominently identified with the Masonic 
order, being affiliated with Arcania Lodge, No. 
97, Free and Accepted Masons, at Armour; 
Scotland Qiapter, No. 31, Royal Arch Masons, 
at Scotland; St. Bernard Commandery, No. 11, 
Knights Templar, at Mitchell ; Oriental Consist- 
ory, No. I, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, 
at Yankton, and El Riad Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, at 
Sioux Falls. 

On the 20th of January, 1886, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Cord to Miss Carrie F. 
Jones, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and thev have 
two sons. Charles B. and Arthur E. 



CHARLES A. BROWN, M. D., who is suc- 
cessfully engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion at Armour, Douglas county, was born on a 
farm in Tama county, Iowa, on the 22d of Janu- 
ary, 1868, and is a son of George and Sarah 
(Phillips) Brown, both of whom were born and. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



reared in the state of Pennsylvania, where they 
were married. Soon afterward they removed to 
Iowa, locating in Iowa City, and later removing 
to Tama county, where Mr. Brown took up a 
homestead claim, to whose improvement and 
cultivation he continued to devote his attention 
until the earlv "eighties, when he retired from 
active labor, taking up his residence in Waterloo, 
that state, where he now maintains his home, 
giving a general supervision to his landed and 
capitalistic interests. He is a Republican in 
politics but is a stanch advocate of the prohibition 
of the liquor traffic, which result he believes must 
be accomplished through the interposition of one 
of the dominating political parties. He and his 
wife are zealous members of the Baptist church. 
Dr. Brown was reared on the homestead fanri 
and after attending the district schools he enteied 
the high scliool in Waterloo, where he was gradu- 
ated. While still a student in the high school he 
began teaching, having been thus engaged three 
winter terms, and he simultaneously prosecuted 
his medical studies, under the preceptorship of 
Dr. A. L. Martin, of Clinton, Iowa, under who.sc 
direction he later continued to prosecute his 
technical study during his college vacations. In 
the autumn of 1888 the subject was matriculated 
in the medical department of the Iowa State 
University, at Iowa Citv. where he was gradu- 
ated in the spring of 1891, receiving his coveted 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. For a few 
month-s after his graduation the Doctor was as- 
sociated in practice with Dr. William Woodburn, 
of Spencer, Iowa, and he then established him- 
self in practice at Lamont, that state, where he 
built up an excellent practice, remaining for a 
number of years. In January, 1898, he sold his 
practice in Spencer and came to Armour, South 
Dakota, and here he has gained prestige as one 
of the thoroughly skilled and discriminating 
members of his profession in the state. He is a 
stanch Republican in his political proclivities, and 
he is at the present time incumbent of the office 
of superintendent of the Douglas countv board 
of health, according no nominal service but mak- 
i"g it a pnint to insure the best possible sanitary 
conditions throutrhout his jurisdiction. He is a 



member of Arcania Lodge. No. 91, Free and 
Accepted ]\[asons; Armour Lodge, No. 25, 
Knights of Pythias, in whose affairs he takes a 
particularlv active interest; Armour Camp, No. 
2475, Modem \A'oodmen of .America, and Ar- 
mour Tent, No. 18, Knights of the Maccabees. 
He is medical examiner for the two lodges last 
mentioned and also for several of the old-line in- 
surance companies having local representation. 

On the T<)th of August, 1893, Dr. Brown was 
united in marriage to ^liss Helen M. Stewart, of 
Lamont, Iowa, and they have four sons, George 
L., Charles E., Otho S. and Leland. 



D. L. P. LAMB.— Judge Lamb is now serv- 
ing his third term as countv judge in Charles 
Mix countv, maintaining his residence in the 
town of Geddes, and merits consideration as one 
of the able members of the bar of the state. He 
is a native of the Wolverine state, having been 
born in Hillsdale county, Michigan, on the 15th 
of June, 1852, and being a son of John and \^ir- 
ginia (Newkirk) Lamb, of whose nine children 
all save one are still living. The father of the 
subject was born in Pennsylvania, where lie was 
reared and educated, having grown np under the 
sturdy discipline of the farm. His p-in nts came 
to the L^nited States from Holland and located in 
the old Keystone state, where they passed the 
remainder of their lives. As a young man John 
Lamb removed to Ohio, settling near Lancaster, 
Fairfield county, where his marriage occurred, 
his wife having been a native of Westmoreland 
countv. West \'irginia, where her father was a 
wealthy manufacturer and slaveholder, while 
eventually she and several of her brothers became 
residents of Ohio. John Lamb was engaged in 
farming in Fairfield county, Ohio, until about 
1850, when he removed to Michigan and settled 
in Hillsdale county, where he continued in agri- 
cultural pursuits, becoming one of the substantial 
farmers and honored citizens of that countv. in 
which he passed the residue of his life, his dc-Uh 
occurring in 1881. at which time he was seventv- 
two years of age, while his devoted wife passed 
av.^ay in 1903, at the age of eighty-four years. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1003 



both having been consistent members of the Ger- 
man Reformed church, while he was a Democrat 
in his political adherency. 

Judge Lamb was reared on the homestead 
farm and his early educational advantages were' 
such as were afforded in the public schools of his 
native county. In 1875 he came west to the 
western part of Nebraska, where he spent about 
a year on the ranch of his uncle, returning home 
in 1876, while he continued to devote his atten- 
tion to study as opportunity presented, having 
gained much through his well-directed applica- 
tion. In 1880 he came to Fort Randall, Dakota, 
where he secured employment in a trader's store 
and also secured contracts for supplying wood. 
In 1882 he came to Charles Mix county and en- 
tered timber and pre-emption claims, in Jack- 
son township, proving up on the same in due 
time, and in the spring of 1885 he located in the 
village of Wheeler, this count), where he was 
soon afterward appointed deputy sheriff, serving 
one year in this capacity, and at the expiration 
of that period, in July, 1886, he was appointed 
to the office of clerk, of the district court by Judge 
Bartlett Tripp, retaining this incumbency until 
the admission of South Dakota to the Union, re- 
tiring from the office in November, 1890. In the 
meanwhile he had continued his study of the law, 
and was admitted to the bar of the territory in 
June, 1889, since which time he has been en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession to a 
greater or less extent. The winter after his re- 
tirement from the office of clerk Judge Lamb 
engaged in the abstract business, in partnership 
with Frank Adams, whose interest in the enter- 
prise he purchased in 1892, and he still conducts 
an abstract business in Wheeler. In 1894 he was 
elected to the office of state's attorney, on the 
Democratic ticket, serving two years, and in 1896 
the financial policy of the Democracy failed to 
meet his approval and he transferred his alle- 
giance to the Republican party, being an active 
worker in the presidential campaign of that year. 
In 1896 he was the candidate of his party for 
the office of county judge and was elected by a 
gratifying majority, but in the election of 1898 
he was defeated for the same office, while in 1900 



he was again elected to the bench and was chosen 
as his own successor in 1902, being now on his 
third term and having proved a most impartial 
and fair-minded member of the judiciary of the 
state. After the town of Geddes was platted 
and its settlement was instituted, in 1900, Judge 
Lamb removed from Wheeler to the new and 
enterprising town, with whose phenomenal prog- 
ress and growth he has been thus identified from 
the start. He was appointed United States com- 
missioner in January, 1902, and is still incuinbent 
of this office, being one of the most prominent 
and influential citizens of the county in which 
he has so long maintained his home and in whose 
welfare he has an abiding interest. While a resi- 
dent of Wheeler he served as postmaster during 
both administrations of President Cleveland, 
while for several years he has held the office of 
notary public. He and his wife are members of 
the Congregational church, and fraternally the 
Judge is identified with Geddes Lodge. No. 135, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and Mitchell Chap- 
ter, No. 16, Royal Arch Masons. 

On the 6th of May, 1890, Judge Lamb was 
united in marriage to Miss Caroline McLain, 
of this county, and they are the parents of four 
children, Charles E., Fred. Daniel L. P., Jr., and 
Iril C. 



HON. JOHN S. BEAN is a native of the 
old Granite state, having been born in Warner, 
Merrimac county. New Hampshire, on the i6th 
of Februan', 1839, a son of James and Marinda 
(Stewart) Bean, and the old homestead in which 
he first saw the light of day was likewise the 
birthplace of his honored father, who there passed 
his entire life, which was devoted to agricultural 
pursuits. He lived to attain the venerable age 
of eighty-two years and traced his lineage back 
to one of two brothers, John and David Bean, 
who were born in Scotland, whence they went 
to England, from which "tight little isle" they 
emigrated to America in 1668, settling near his- 
toric old Plymouth, in the colony of Massachu- 
setts, whence their descendants later scattered 
through various parts of New England. The 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



mother of the subject was Hkewise born in New 
Hampshire, whither her parental grandparents 
came from Ireland. She died at the age of 
thirty years, and of her three children the sub- 
ject is the only one living at the present time. 
James Bean became a member of the Know- 
nothing party at the time of its organization and 
later became a radical Republican, and while he 
never sought official preferment he was called 
upon to serve on the town board for many years 
and also held other offices of local trust. 

John S. Bean was reared to the sturdy dis- 
cipline of the New England farm and his early 
educational training was secured in the com- 
mon schools, and supplemented by a two-years 
course in the New Hampton Academy. It was 
his desire to be graduated in this institution^ but 
his financial resources reached so low an ebb that 
he was compelled to withdraw at the end of two 
years, and he then, at the age of nineteen, be- 
gan teaching in the schools of his native state, 
devoting his attention to the pedagogic profes- 
sion for three winters. In March, 1861, he left 
the ancestral home and set forth upon his in- 
dependent career, being dependent upon his own 
resources in facing the battle of life. He came 
west to Wisconsin, where he called upon his 
uncle, C. K. Stewart, whom he found confined to 
his bed with an illness which promised to be pro- 
tracted, and under these conditions he was 
pressed into service and took charge of his uncle's 
farm. The Civil war commenced in April of that 
year and the subject was most anxious to at once 
tender his services in defense of the Union, but 
he was not able to leave his uncle until the 22d 
of October, 1862, when he enlisted as a private 
in Company D, Sixteenth Wisconsin A'olunteer 
Infantry, with which he proceeded to the front, 
the regiment being assigned to the Army of the 
Tennessee. The regiment was in Prentice's di- 
vision at the memorable battle of Shiloh, and this 
division was captured by the enemy, our subject 
having escaped this fate by reason of the fact 
that he had been wounded on the morning of the 
same day and thus incapacitated for service. He 
was in the hospital at Savannah. Georgia, and 
Mount \'ernon, Indiana, about three months. 



after which he returned to Wisconsin and was 
detailed to recruiting service, being located in 
turn at Columbus, Beaver Dam and Madison. In 
February, 1863, Mr. Bean rejoined his regiment, 
at Lake Providence, Louisiana, but the effects of 
the wound in his arm were such that he could not 
handle a gun, and he was thus detailed as clerk 
of courts martial and the quartermaster's de- 
partment, serving in this capacity for three 
months, at the expiration of which the court was 
disbanded and he was then detailed to the quar- 
termaster's department alone. He was finally 
made chief clerk under the contriband bureau. 
After serving three months he went with his 
regiment to A'icksburg, but did not take part in 
the engagement there, and the winter was passed 
in Redbone, Mississippi, whence they returned to 
A'icksburg in the spring, Mr. Bean's company at 
this time reorganized and Mr. Bean was com- 
missioned as second lieutenant in a colored com- 
pany, with which he later took part in the ten- 
days siege before Blakely and the fourteen-days 
siege of Mobile. Still later the regiment em- 
barked on a transport for Selma, Alabama, and 
while enroute learned of Lee's surrender. The 
subject was thereafter on provost duty for sev- 
eral months, and the command was finally sent 
to Baton Rouge, where they received honorable 
discharge on the 4th of January. 1866. Before 
this he had been promoted to first lieutenant. Mr. 
Bean then visited his old home in New Hamp- 
shire, and shortly afterward went again to Wis- 
consin. ■ At the time of his discharge he was 
importuned to remain in the south as a member 
of a regiment which there continued in service 
two years after the close of the war, and though 
he was offered a commission as captain he did 
not deem it expedient to accept the overtures. 

After his return to Wisconsin Mr. Bean en- 
gaged in farming, in Dodge county, becoming 
the owner of a good property, and there he re- 
mained until Mav, 1882, when he came to 
Douglas county, South Dakota, taking up a pre- 
emption claim four miles northeast of the present 
village of Armour, the county seat, where he con- 
tinued to devote his attention to the improvement 
and cultivation of his farm until the autumn of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



i8qo, when he took up his residence in Armour. 
Tn November of the same year he was elected a 
member of the state senate, serving; one term, 
and in the fall election of 1892 he was chosen to 
represent b.is district in the lower house of the 
Ico-islature, in which he likewise served one term. 
He then engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business in Armour and later also became 
identified with the undertaking business here, 
having nn\\;^ retired from the two former enter- 
Tirises. He served one year as township treasurer 
.•md three years as township clerk, while his was 
the distinction of having been elected the first 
county clerk and register of deeds after the re- 
organization of the countv. He was incumbent 
of the office of justice of the peace for several 
\-cars and since 1895 he has held the office of 
weighmaster at Armour. At the present time he 1 
is a member of the board of county commis- I 
sioners. His religious faith is that of the Free- 
will Baptist church, but as there is no organiza- 
tion of this denomination in Armour he attends 
the services of the Baptist church. He is a 
charter member of Arcania Lodge, No. 97, Free 
and Accepted Masons, of which he was the first 
worshipful master, serving three years, and he 
is an honored member of O. P. Morton Post, 
No. 51, Grand Armv of the Republic, of which 
he is now serving for tiie sixth consecutive 3'ear 
as commander. 

On the 26th of October, 1864, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Bean to Miss Ellen C. East- 
man, of Warner, New Hampshire, who proved 
to him a devoted wife and helpmeet until she 
was summoned into eternal rest, on the 19th ,of 
August, 1899. They became the parents of two 
children. Mabel died at the age of twenty-two 
years, and Jennie, the wife of George E. Sanders, 
of Armour, with whom the subject now makes 
his home. 



HENRY C. TUCKER, of Geddes, editor 
and publisher of the Qiarles Mix County News, 
\\-as born in New York, on the 30th of October, 
18.S-!. being a son of Samuel and Martha 
( Crumb "i Tucker, of whose seven children four 



are yet living. The father of the subject was 
born in Madison county, New York, whither his 
father removed from Massachusetts, while the 
father of the latter was a soldier under General. 
Putnam in the war of the Revolution. In one of 
the battles in which he took part his hat was 
almost shot to pieces, and General Putnam pre- 
sented him with a new hat, recognizing the 
braverv which he had displa)-cd in thus becom- 
ing a mark for so many bullets. Upon attain- 
ing manhood the father of our subject engaged 
in farming and hop growing in his native county, 
having planted the first field of hops in that sec- 
tion of the state, and in connection with this line 
of enterprise he became very successful, being 
one of the substantial fanners and honored citi- 
zens of Madison county at the time of his death, 
which occurred in 1S88, at which time he was 
sixtv vears of age. His widow still survives him 
and resides on the old homestead farm. He was 
a Democrat in politics and ever took a deep in- 
terest in public affairs, though he never sought 
official preferment. 

Henry C. Tucker was reared on the home- 
stead farm and early began to lend his aid in 
connection with its cultivation. x\fter attending 
the public schools of the locality he continued 
his studies in the DeRuyter Institute and the 
New York Central Conference Seminary, an in- 
stitution conducted under the auspices of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. In 1875 he came 
to the west and located in Shelby county, Iowa, 
v/here he bought a tract of land and engaged in 
agricultural pursuits, while he also invested in a 
ditching machine, which he operated throughout 
that locality for several years, being one of the 
pioneers in the locality and finding his machine 
in much demand. In 1883 he disposed of his 
interests in Iowa and came to Charles Mix 
county. South Dakota, being numbered among 
the first settlers in the county. He filed on a 
claim in Jackson township, but after one year 
sold his relinquishment to the same, and in July, 
1884, in company with Qiarles W. Pratt, he 
purchased the Oiarles Mix County News, a 
weekly paper, which was at that time published 
in the village of Darlington, its founding dating 



[Oo6 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



back only to the ])receding November. In Oc- 
tober, 1884, they removed the plant to Edgerton 
and shortly afterward our subject purchased his 
partner's interest in the enterprise and thereafter 
continued the publication of the paper in 
Darlington until I goo, when he removed his 
plant to the new town of Geddes, his office build- 
ing having been the third building erected in the 
town and his paper the first to be published in 
the town. The office of the News is well 
equipped with modern machinery and other ac- 
cessories, the old hand presses originally utilized 
having been replaced by those of modern design, 
while the paper has an excellent circulation 
through the county. Mr. Tucker is one of the 
town's most enthusiastic and loyal citizens and 
is at the present time president of the village 
council, and while a resident of Edgerton he 
acted as postmaster of the place. He is a stanch 
Republican in his political adherency and has 
made his paper an effective exponent of the party 
cause. Fraternally, he is identified with Geddes 
Eodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and Signal 
Camp, No. 444, Modern Woodmen of America, 
of which latter he is venerable consul. 

Mr. Tucker was united in marriage to Miss 
"\"ictoria Ashby, of Shelby county, Iowa, and 
thev are the parents of four children, Maud, who 
is the wife of William Fowler, who is engaged in 
the liunber business in Geddes ; Roy, who is in 
the office with his father; Bert, who remains at 
the parental home, and Ella, who is the wife of 
Charles Zink, of this countv. 



HORACE EUGENE THAYER, mayor of 
Canton, Lincoln county, was born at Blissfield, 
Uenawee county, Michigan, on the 28th of Feb- 
ruary, 1859, being a son of Andrew J. and 
Phoebe A. (Hill) Thayer. His father is of the 
ninth generation of the family in America, being 
a lineal descendant of Thomas Thayer, who set- 
tled in Braintree, ]\Iassachusetts, in 1630, as one 
of its original colonists, having come to the new 
world from Braintree, Essex county, England. 
Andrew J. Thayer was born in Cameron, Steu- 
ben countv, New '^"ork, on the 12th of February, 



1829, and his vocation in life has been that of 
farming. He is a veteran of the war of the 
Rebellion, having enlisted on the 27th of Febru- 
ary, 1863, as a member of Company K, Eleventh 
Michigan Volunteer Infantry, which was at- 
tached to the Second Brigade of the First 
Division of the Fourteenth Army Corps, and he 
served until the close of the war, when he re- 
ceived his honorable discharge. He is now a 
resident of Hampton, Iowa, and his cherished 
and devoted wife is also living. She wa§ born 
on the 8th of April, 1839, at Petersburg, Lenawee 
county, Michigan, her parents having been num- 
bered among the earliest settlers of that county, 
whither they emigrated from Vermont, in the 
year 1830, nearly a decade before ^Michigan was 
admitted to statehood. 

Horace E. Thayer received his early educa- 
tional training in the public schools of Allamakee 
county, Iowa, and when seventeen years of age 
he began teaching in that county, being thus 
successfully employed for eight terms. He then 
entered the telegraph office of the Iowa Central 
Railroad at Mason City, Iowa, in 1883, and there 
he devoted a period of six months to learning the 
art of telegraphy. In August of thit year his 
marriage was solemnized, and immediately there- 
after he removed to Mason City, Iowa, where 
he was given the position of night operator in 
the station of the Iowa Central Railroad, retain- 
ing this incumbency until the autumn of the fol- 
lowing year, when he received promotion from 
the hands of the company, being made rail- 
way billing clerk at Hampton, Iowa. This 
office he filled until the autumn of 18S6, when 
he resigned from the employ of the Iowa 
Central Company and returned to Mason City, 
where for six months he held the position of 
night agent in the general offices of the Chicago, 
INIihvaukee & St. Paul Railroad, being then pro- 
moted to the position of billing agent and two 
weeks later to that of cashier, in tenure of which 
responsible office he there continued for the en- 
suing five years, at the expiration of which, in 
1891, he received the promotion, over several 
older employes, to the position of agent for the 
company at Canton, South Dakota, where he en- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



tcred upon his executive duties on the 2d of 
July of that year. He retained this position for 
the long period of eight years, his service being 
most acceptable to the company and gaining him 
still further commendation, but his health had in 
the meanwhile become somewhat impaired and 
this fact, coupled with a desire for a change of 
ocxupation, led him to resign his position on the 
1st of May, 1899. ^I^ '^h^" entered into part- 
nership vvith his brother-in-law, Thomas S. Stin- 
son, and engaged in the general merchandise busi- 
ness in Canton, the firm securing most eligible 
and attractive quarters in the two-story stone 
building known as the Postoffice block, while to 
the new store was given the name of the Enter- 
])rise, a designation which is most consistently 
applied. The concern has taken a foremost po- 
sition by reason of the progressive ideas and 
correct methods brought to bear, and the busi- 
ness controlled at the present time is second to 
none of similar character in the county, while 
both of the interested principals command the un- 
qualified confidence and regard of all who know 
them. The entire business and stock of the 
Enterprise was purchased, Eebruary 8, 190J.. by 
Horace E. Thayer, the enterprise being now con- 
ducted under the firm n^nie of Horace E. 
Thayer. 

In politics Mr. Thayer has ever given a stanch 
allegiance to the principles of the Republican 
party and he has shown a deep interest in all that 
concerns the welfare and progress of his home 
city and county. He has served three terms as 
a member of the board of aldermen of Canton, 
having been first elected in i8q.^. while he was 
chosen as his own successor in the following vear, 
being again elected to the office in 1900. In 1902 
he was elected to the mayoraltv of the city, for 
a term of two years, and he has given a most able 
and business-like administration of the municipal 
government and has gained unequivocal endorse- 
ment as a progressive and public-spirited ex- 
ecutive. Fraternally, he is identified with the 
Knights of Pythias and the Masonic order. He 
became affiliated with the lodge of the former in 
Mason City. Iowa, in 1890, and in 1892 trans- 
ferred his membership to Canton Lodge, No. 52, 



in Canton, of which he is past chancellor com- 
mander. In June, 1902, he was initiated as entered 
apprentice in Silver Star Lodge. No. 4, Free and 
Accepted Masons, in which he was duly raised to 
the master's degree. 

At Eldora, Iowa, on the 8th of August, 1883, 
Mr. Thayer was united in marriage to Miss Min- 
nie Bell Young, of Ackley, that state, she being 
a daughter of Joseph H. Young, who was a 
valiant soldier in the Civil war, in which he 
served as a member of Company H, One Hun- 
dred and Eighty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Infantry, enlisting in 1863 and receiving an 
honorable discharge at the close of the great 
conflict which determined the integrity of the 
Union. Mr. and Mrs. Thayer have three daugh- 
ters : Neva P.ell, who was bom in Mason City, 
Iowa, on the 1st of April, 1884; Vera Luella, 
who was born in Canton, South Dakota, Jul\- 31. 
1894, and Nila May, who was born in Canton. 
Mav 26, 1897. 



RICHARD G. PARROTT, postmaster of the 
thriving town of Pollock, Campbell county, is a 
native of the city of Chicago, where he was born 
on the 22d of November, 1864, being a son of 
John and Sarah P'arrott. He was reared to ma- 
turity in the great western metropolis, receiving 
his early educational training in the public schools 
and learning the trade of moulder in his youth. 
In 1883, at the age of nineteen years, Mr. Par- 
rott. in company with his widowed mother, his 
five brothers and two sisters, came to what is 
now Campbell county. South Dakota, this being 
nearly a decade before the admission of the state 
to the Union, and after a few months he returned 
to Chicago, where he remained until the spring 
of the following year,_ when he came once more 
to Campbell county, and shortly afterward entered 
claim to a tract of government land near the pres- 
ent village of Pollock. He began the improving 
of this property and also conducted farming and 
stock growing. When the line of the Sioux Rail- 
road was built through Pollock, in the autumn of 
1 901. he located in this village. In January of 
the following year the postoffice was here estab- 



ioo8 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



lished, replacing those at Flint and Lagrace, and 
he was made postmaster in the new town. Alem- 
bers of the family have served as postmaster in 
each of the towns mentioned, as well as at Rusk, 
and all have been discontinued since the establish- 
ment of the office at Pollock, from which point 
also is served the former postoffice of Vander- 
bilt. His religious faith is that of the Presby- 
terian church, of which his wife likewise is a 
member, and fraternally he is affiliated with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, being a 
member of the lodge at Herrick, South Dakota. 
He still retains possession of his farm of three 
hundred twenty acres, and he has contributed his 
quota to the development and upbuilding of this 
section of the state. 

On the 23d of November, 1891, Mr. Parrott 
was united in marriage to Miss Florence Benk- 
art, who was born in Iowa, whence her father, 
John C. Benkart, came to South Dakota in 1883, 
becoming one of the pioneers of Campbell county, 
but being now a resident of Carthage, Missouri. 
Air. and Mrs. Parrott have three children. Bertha, 
Robert and !\Iabcl. 



JOHX C. STOUGHTON, the popular post- 
master of the thriving little village of Geddes, 
was born in Ionia county, Michigan, on the 13th 
of July, 1844, and is a scion of a family which 
has been identified with the history of the United 
States from the time of the Revolutionary epoch. 
His parents, Samuel E. and Emily H. fPark) 
Stoughton, were both born in the state of New 
York, and of their ten children only two survive, 
the subject of this sketch and his brother, Charles 
J., who is a resident of Howard City, Michigan. 
The father of the subject was born on the 17th 
of April. 1814. and his devoted wife was born 
on the 20th of February, 1816, and both were 
children at the time when their respective parents 
removed from the old Empire state and became 
pioneers of Michigan, settling in the vicinitv of 
the present beautiful city of Detroit, and in that 
state both were reared to maturity, their marriage 
being solemnized May 21, 1835. After he had 
attained manhood Samuel E. Stoughton pur- 



chased a tract of government land in Ionia 
county, Michigan, where he developed a farm 
from the virgin forest, becoming one of the sub- 
stantial citizens of that section and ever retaining 
the high regard of all who knew him. On the 
old homestead farm which he had reclaimed for 
the wilderness he continued to reside until his 
death, which occurred in 1872. while his wife 
passed away in 1883. Mr. Stoughton identified 
himself with the Republican party at the time of 
its organization and ever afterward remained a 
stanch advocate of its principles, and while he 
was never ambitious for political preferment he 
M-as called upon to serve in various offices of local 
trust. His father, Dellucine Stoughton, was a 
veteran of the war of 1812, and his grandchildren 
recall that in his later years he found pleasure in 
entertaining them by singing the old army songs. 
He was a son of Amaziah Stoughton, who came 
with his parents from England to the United 
States about the time of the Revolution, the fam- 
ily settling in the state of New York, with whose 
annals the name has long been identified, and thus 
the subject of this sketch is of the fifth generation 
of the family in America. 

John C. Stoughton, whose name initiates this 
review, was reared to the discipline of the old 
homestead farm in Ionia county, Michigan, and 
after availing himself of the advantages of the 
common schools he entered, in 1865, Kalamazoo 
College, in Kalamazoo, that state, where he con- 
tinued his studies for two years. His financial 
resources then reached a low ebb, and he accord- 
ingly left college and devoted the following year 
to teaching in the schools of his native state. He 
then removed to Kansas, where he continued his 
pedagogic labors, in Atchison and Leavenworth 
counties, for the ensuing four years. His father's 
death occurred in 1872, as before noted, and he 
was appointed administrator of the estate, return- 
ing home to settle up the afl^airs of the same. He 
was married the following year and decided to 
remain in ?ilichigan, where for a number of years 
he devoted his attention to teaching during the 
winter terms, while farming constituted his vo- 
cation during the remaining months of the year. 
In 1883, in company with four others, Mr. 




JOHN ('. STOI'GHTON. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Stoughton came on a prospecting trip to South 
Dakota, with a view of selecting a permanent 
place of residence. The party came by railroad 
as far as Plankinton, where they pftrchased a 
mule-team and wagon and set forth to look over 
the country to the west of that point, and three 
of the number, of whom our subject was one. 
finally filed claims to a quarter section each of 
land in Charles Mix_ county, Mr. Stoughton se- 
curing an excellent claim seven miles northwest 
of the present village of Geddes, whose site was 
immarked by any habitation at that time. He set- 
tled on his claim and in September of the fol- 
lowing year his wife joined him in the new home. 
He later purchased an adjoining quarter section, 
and during the intervening years he has brought 
his fine farm of three hundred and twenty acres 
under most effective cultivation, has made excel- 
lent improvements on the same and has been suc- 
cessful in his efforts. In the spring of 1900 Mr. 
Stoughton was appointed postmaster of the new 
town of Geddes, to which he forthwith removed 
with his family, taking charge of the office in 
June of that year, and having since remained in- 
cumbent. He is a stalwart advocate of the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party and has taken a 
lively interest in the promotion of its cause. In 
the autumn of 1883 he was elected a member 
of the board of county commissioners, in which 
capacity he gave most efficient service, retaining 
the office three years. It may be said that the 
postoffice at Geddes was established in June, 
igoo. in which month our subject assumed con- 
trol, and further data in the connection will indi- 
cate the rapid upbuilding and substantial increase 
in population of the town. In April, 1902, only 
one year and nine months after the establishing 
of the oifice, it was placed on the list of presiden- 
tial offices, the salary of the postmaster being at 
the time raised to eleven hundred dollars a year, 
while three months later it was raised to twelve 
hundred, in accordance with the increase of busi- 
ness, while in July of the present year (1903) a 
further increase to fourteen hundred dollars was 
made. ]\Tr. and Mrs. Stoughton are members of 
the Congregational church, and he was one of 
those prominently concerned in effecting the erec- 



tion of the church of this denomination in the vil- 
lage of Jasper, the property being later sold to 
the Methodist Episcopal society, who now own 
and occupy the edifice. Mr. Stoughton was initia- 
ted in the Masonic fraternity in 1869 and has 
been a charter member of two lodges in Charles 
Mix county, this state, being now affiliated with 
Geddes Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. 

On the 4th of March, 1873, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Stoughton to Miss Selena 
V. Bovee, of Greenville, Michigan. Sh^ was born 
in Lenawee county, Michigan, being a daughter 
of M. and JuHa Bovee, and of her marriage has 
been born one son, Elmer B., who was assistant 
postmaster at Geddes. He was born in Green- 
ville, Michigan, on the 14th of April, 1879, and 
after attending the public schools entered Ward 
Academy, in Charles Mix county, where he was 
graduated as a member of the class of 1898, after 
which he was for one term a student in Yank- 
ton College, having later been engaged in teach- 
ing for a short time. He has recently (1904) 
resigned his position in the postoffice and has 
removed to Lyman county, South Dakota, where 
he has taken up a homestead, on'which he expects 
to make his future home. 



JOHN F. COMSTOCK. now holding the re- 
sponsible position of government farmer on the 
Chevenne Indian reservation, maintaining his 
headquarters at Whitehorse Station, is a native 
of the state of Wisconsin, having been born in 
Columbia county, on the 13th of October, 1861. 
and being a son of George W. and Teresa Com- 
.'■tock, natives of the state of New York. When 
the subject was about ten years of age. in 1871, 
his parents removed to Benton county, Iowa, 
where they remained until the spring of 18S5, 
when thev came to South Dakota and took up 
their abode near Highmore, Hyde county, where 
the father has since been actively engaged in ag- 
ricultural pursuits. All of the five children in 
the family are living at the present time, the sub- 
ject of this sketch having been the third in order 
of birth. 

J. F. Comstock secured his earlv educational 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



training in tlie public schools of Iowa, and ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to South 
Dakota, being independently engaged in farming 
in H3-de county for a number of years. In 1892 
he removed to Pierre and was there engaged in 
teaming until 1894, when he was elected county 
auditor of Stanley county, in which office he 
served two years. In 1898 he was appointed to 
his present position as government farmer on the 
Qieyenne reservation. He is impressed with the 
fact that the Indians will not attain any great 
degree of success as farmers here, partially owing 
to the condition of the reservation land, much of 
which is not available for cultivation. The Indi- 
ans have show-n a greater aptitude and predilec- 
tion for stock raising and many of them have 
been prospered in connection with this industry, 
some of them having more than one hundred 
head of cattle. In politics the subject is a stanch 
advocate of the principles of the Republican 
party. 

On the 6th of October. 1885. :\Ir. Comstock 
was united in marriage to Aliss Laura ]\[oore, 
daughter of David Moore, a well-known resi- 
dent of Fort Pierre and the subject of an indi- 
vidual sketch on another page of this work. 
Mr. and l\Irs. Comstock have one child. George, 
who was born on the 4th of August, 1886. 



OSCAR SHERMAX GIFFORD, superin- 
tendent of the Hiawatha Insane Asylum, at Can- 
ton, South Dakota, was born October 20. 1842, 
at Watertown, Xew "S'ork. While }-et young he 
accompanied his parents upon their removal to 
Rock county, Wisconsin, but subsequently lived 
with his maternal grandfather. David Resseguie, 
in the Adirondack mountains in New York. In 
1853 he removed with his parents to Boone 
county, Illinois, and in October. 1871, he settled 
in Lincoln county, Dakota, where he has since 
resided. 

Mr. Gifford received a common school educa- 
tion, which was supplemented by attendance at 
the Beloit (Wisconsin) Academy. During the 
war of the Rebellion the subject evinced his pa- 
triotism liy c-nU-rinLr the service of his countrv. 



serving one and a half years in the engineer corps 
and one year in the Elgin Battery, Illinois Light 
Artillery. After his discharge from military 
service, Mr. Gifford entered upon the study of 
law and in 1871 he was admitted to the bar. In 
1874 he was elected county judge of Lincoln 
county, but declined to serve, and in June of the 
following year he formed a law partnership with 
Mark W. Bailey, since which time he has con- 
tinuously been actively engaged in the practice 
of his profession. 

Mr. Gififord has several times been engaged 
in public service and has always acquitted him- 
self creditably. He was a member of the consti- 
tutional convention which convened at Sioux 
Falls in September, 1883, and had been mayor of 
the city of Canton during 1881 and 1882. In 
November, 1884, he was elected a delegate to con- 
gress from Dakota territory, being re-elected a 
delegate in November, 1886, and in 1889 he was 
elected a member of congress from South Dakota, 
serving in the forty-ninth, fiftieth and fifty-first 
congresses as a Republican. While a member of 
that body "Sir. Gifford served as a member of the 
committees on agriculture, Indian affairs and 
public buildings, which committees had charge of 
the more important matters in which the people 
of Dakota were interested. It was largely 
through the subject's eft'orts that the Crow, Sisse- 
ton, Sioux and Wahpeton Indian reservations 
were opened for settlement and Indian industrial 
schools were estabHshed at Pierre and Flandreau 
and a large number of day schools opened in the 
Indian country. The question concerning the di- 
vision of Dakota and the admission of North 
Dakota and South Dakota as states was the most 
important measure before congress while Mr. 
Gifford was a member thereof and it was largely 
through his efforts, aided by the sentiments of 
his constituents, that Dakota was divided and two 
states formed from the immense territory. The 
measures known as the "omnibus bill," by which 
North and South Dakota, Montana and \\'asliing- 
ton became states, was approved by the President 
and became a law February 22, 1889, and, as be- 
fore stated, at the first election thereafter, in Octo- 
ber, 1889, ]Mr. Gift'ord was elected a representa- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



live from this state. Mr. Gifford reported to the 
house and had full charge of the measure for the 
construction of a public building in Sioux Falls. 
In November, 1901, Mr. Gifford received the ap- 
pointment as superintendent of the Hiawatha 
Asylum, at Canton, a United States Indian insane 
asylum. He entered upon the discharge of his 
duties with an intelligent appreciation of its re- 
sponsibilities and has discharged the same to the 
full satisfaction of every one. 

In May. 1874, the subject was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Phoebe M. Fuller. Fraternally, 
'Sir. Gifford has long been actively and promi- 
nently identified with the time-honored order of 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. He was 
initiated, passed and raised as a Alaster Mason 
in 1877, and in 1879 he was elected worshipful 
master of Silver Star Lodge at Canton. He was 
elected grand treasurer of the grand lodge of 
Dakota in 1881, was elected grand master of the 
grand lodge in June. 1882, and was re-elected to 
that position in June, 1883. In politics he has 
always been an earnest and active Republican. 



HOWARD G. FULLER, judge of supreme 
court, born at Glenns Falls, New York. Educated 
himself, studied law in a lawyer's office and for 
several vears devoted himself to educational 
work as teacher and county superintendent. 
Came to Dakota in 1886 and elected judge of 
sixth circuit in i88q. On supreme bench since 
1894. 



FRANK P. SMITH, M. D., one of the 
prominent and honored members of the medical 
profession in Canton. Lincoln county, was born 
at Rouse Point, Clinton county. New York, on 
the 2d of November. 1832, his father being a 
fanner by vocation. The Doctor was thus reared 
on the old homestead, and received his early edu- 
cational discipline in the common schools of his 
native countv. while later he prosecuted his 
studies in the high school at Burlington. Ver- 
mont, where he was graduated as a member of 
the class of 1872. He then returned to his home 



in New York and assisted in the work and man- 
agement of the farm until he had attained the 
age of twenty-four years, having in the mean- 
while detemiined to prepare himself for the medi- 
cal profession. For a time he was a student in 
the Albany Medical College, in the capital city 
of the Empire state, and then was matriculated 
in the celebrated Bellevue Hospital Medical Col- 
lege, in the city of New York, in which he was 
graduated in 1877. receiving his coveted degree 
of Doctor of Medicine and coming forth well 
fortified for the practical work of his chosen vo- 
cation. He at once entered upon the practice of 
his profession in his old home town of Rouse 
Point, where he remained two years, at the ex- 
piration of which, in 1879, ^'"^ came to the ter- 
ritory of Dakota and located in Canton, where 
he has ever since been successfully engaged in 
the practice of his profession, being one of the 
leading physicians and surgeons of this section 
of the state and being known to practically every 
person in the county. He was the first super- 
intendent of the board of health of the county, 
retaining this incumbency many years, while he 
also served long and faithfully as county physi- 
cian and as local surgeon of the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee. & St. Paid Railroad. For sixteen years 
he was a member of the board of pension ex- 
amining surgeons for Lincoln county, and has 
been secretary of its board since 1886. He is a 
Democrat in politics, and has ever shown a deep 
interest in the industrial, civic and political prog- 
ress of his adopted city, county and state. 

On the 4th of October, 1893. Dr. Smith was 
united iri marriage to ]\Iiss Helen ?\Iiller, who 
was born in the state of Wisconsin, being a 
daus-hter nf William H. Miller, Sr. 



NEWMAN C. NASPI. well known as the 
editor and publisher of the Sioux \'alley News. 
at Canton, is a native of the old Empire state, 
having been born in Orleans couqty. New York, 
on the 15th of February. 1848, and being a son of 
Francis and Catherine V. (Curtis) Nash. His 
father was born in Genesee county. New Y'ork. 
of English and Holland Dutch descent, and was 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



by vocation a farmer. The mother of our sub- 
ject was born in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
and in the agnatic hne was of Holland Dutch 
descent, while her mother was a representative 
of families established in New England in the 
colonial epoch of our national history. Francis 
and Catherine V. Nash became the parents of 
nine children, of whom the subject of this review 
was the eldest son, while of the number seven 
are living at the present time. 

Newman C. Nash passed his early childhood 
days on the homestead farm in Orleans county. 
New York, and was seven years of age at the time 
of his parents' removal to Rock county, Wiscon- 
sin, where his father became a pioneer farmer, 
and there the parents passed the remainder of 
their lives, honored by all who knew them. The 
subject was reared to the sturdy discipline of the 
home farm, duly availing himself of the advan- 
tages afforded by the common schools of the lo- 
cality and period, and he was still a member of 
the parental household at the time when the dark 
cloud of civil war obscured the national horizon. 
When but seventeen years of age he enlisted as a 
private in Company A, Thirteenth Wisconsin 
Volunteer Infantry, with which he continued in 
active service for four years and three months, 
participating in all of the many engagements in 
which his command was involved, so tliat the 
history of his regiment is practically the history 
of his faithful and valiant career as a soldier of 
the republic. He received his honorable dis- 
charge on the 28th of December, 1865. 

As soon as he was mustered out Mr. Nash re- 
turned to Rock county, Wisconsin, and was there- 
after engaged in agricultural pursuits near the 
city of Janesville, that county, until 1871, when 
he came as a pioneer to the territory of Dakota. 
He arrived in Lincoln county in February of that 
year and in Canton township took up a homestead 
claim of one hundred and sixty acres, perfecting 
his title in due course of time and forthwith in- 
stituting the improvement and cultivation of his 
land. He continued to reside on this ranch until 
the autumn of 1876, when he removed to the city 
of Canton, which was then a small frontier vil- 
lage, and in January of the following vcar he 



initiated his career in connection with the "art 
preservative of all arts," by purchasing a half 
interest in the plant and business of the Sioux 
Valley News, of which he became the sole pro- 
prietor in the following April. This was one of 
the first papers published in the territory, and 
he has presided over its destinies consecutively 
from the time noted. The paper is a model in the 
matter of letter press, discrimination is displayed 
in the news columns and those devoted to mis- 
cellaneous reading, while even a cursory glance 
establishes the fact that the editorial department 
is under the control of a man who keeps himself 
well informed regarding matters of public mo- 
ment and who writes forcibly and with directness 
in expressing his opinions. The News has a cir- 
culation of fourteen hundred copies and is a wel- 
come visitor in the majority of the homes in this 
section of the state. Mr. Nash is a valued and 
influential member of the South Dakota Press As- 
sociation, of which he was president for two 
vears, and politically he is a stanch adherent of 
the Republican party, whose principles he sup- 
ports by his franchise and personal influence. He 
is an appreciative and most popular member of 
the Grand Amiy of the Republic, being affiliated 
with General Lyon Post, No. 11, while from June, 
1893, to June, 1894, he held the office of com- 
mander of the order for the department of South 
Dakota. He is also past grand master of the 
grand lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows in the state, and is affiliated with the 
Masonic fraternity and the Modern Woodmen 
of America. He and his wife are zealous mem- 
bers of the Congregational church in their home 
city, and he has served as a member of its board 
of trustees for more than a decade and a half. 
He was a member of the board of education for 
.several years, and has also rendered effective 
service in other local offices of public trust, in- 
cluding that of postmaster, of which he was in- 
cumbent from April, 1890, to June, 1894. 

On the 26th of June. 1865, Mr. Nash was 
united in marriage to Miss Jennie E. Williston, 
who was born and reared in Janesville, Wiscon- 
sin, and of their five children we incorporate the 
following brief record : Nina M. is the director 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1013 



of the model school in the Aberdeen Normal ; 
George W. is state superintendent of schools for 
South Dakota; Clara W., a graduate of Yankton 
College, is married ; Marion is deceased ; and 
Francis F. is also a graduate of Yankton College, 
and is junior member of the firm of N. C. Nash 
& Son. publishers of the Sioux Valley News, of 
Canton, and the Harrisburg News, of Harris- 
burg. 



FRFDFRIC T. CUTHBERT, of Canton, 
tlie present incumbent of the office of county 
judge of Lincoln county, was born in Whiting, 
Alonona county, Iowa, on the 2d of April, 1876, 
being a son of Rev. Thomas and Emily J. (Den- 
ham) Cuthbert, the former being a clergyman of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. While the sub- 
ject was a mere child his parents removed to 
^ilapleton, Iowa, where they resided a number 
of years, thence removing to Rolfe, that state, 
and there remaining about two years. When 
Frederic was fifteen years of age he accom- 
panied his parents to England, their native land, 
and the family continued to abide in the "tight 
little isle" about four years, during the major por- 
tion of which time our subject continued his edu- 
cational discipline in a private school. In 1883 
the family home was established in Sioux Falls. 
South Dakota, and the father soon afterward 
located on a farm near this city, our subject at- 
tending the public schools here until the re- 
moval to England, as noted. The subject re- 
turned to the United States in 1895 '"i"'' located 
in Canton, South Dakota. 

In 1895 Mr. Cuthbert took up the study of 
law in the office of A. R. Brown, of Canton, and 
he was admitted to the bar of the state on the 
13th of May, 1897. Pie forthwith established 
himself in practice in this place, entering into 
partnership with M. E. Rudolph. A few months 
later he formed a professional alliance with L. J. 
Jones, with whom he was associated until May, 
1901, in the meanwhile gaining a reputation as 
an able advocate and counsellor. Upon the dis- 
solution of this partnership Air. Cuthbert formed 
a partnership with A. B. Carlson, under the firm 



name of Cuthbert & Carlson, and this association 
has since obtained, the firm controlling a repre- 
sentative business. 

Judge Cuthbert has always been a stanch ad- 
vocate of the principles and policies of the Re 
publican party, and he took a particularly active 
part in the campaign of 1896, doing effective 
work in the i^arty cause, as has he also done in 
subsequent campaigns. In 1900 he delivered 
more than twent}- speeches in advocacy of the 
Republican principles, and he is known as one 
of the most able young public speakers in the 
state. In the spring of 1898 he was elected 
justice of the peace in Canton, retaining this in- 
cumbency one year, and in 1900 he was elected 
city attorney, serving one term. In the autumn 
of that year still more distinguished preferment 
came to him in his election to the office of county 
judge, in which judicial capacity his services met 
with so marked popular approval that he was 
chosen as his own successor in the election of 
1902, being thus in tenure of the office at the time 
of this writing. Fraternally. Judge Cuthbert is 
identified with Silver Star Lodge, No. 4, Free 
and Accepted Masons, Siroc Chapter, No. 4, 
Royal Arch ^Masons, and with Canton Lodge, 
No. 52, Knights of Pythias, all of Canton; 



EDGAR DEAN, one of the best known citi- 
zens of Lincoln count}'. South Dakota, was born 
May 26, 185 1,. in Sullivan county. New York, 
where he lived until he was eight years old, at 
which time his ]iarents moved to L'lster county, 
that state, where they remained until he was 
about sixteen years old, when they again moved, 
this time locating in Dekalb county, Illinois. Mr. 
Dean attended the common schools of the neigh- 
borhoods in which he resided, afterwards at- 
tending the high school at Sycamore, Illinois. 
In May, 1874, he came to Dakota territory, lo- 
cating in Lincoln county, taking up as a home- 
stead a quarter section of land in Norway town- 
ship and also an eighty-acre tree claim. He re- 
mained on this tract until 1887, improving it as 
the years went by. until he became the possessor 
of a model farm. In the fall of 1887 :\Ir. Dean 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



was elected treasurer of Lincoln county and in 
consequence moved to Canton that he might give 
his entire attention to the duties of the office. He 
served in this office for four years, faithfully dis- 
charging the duties of the same and winning for 
himself the confidence and esteem of the people. 
Prior to his service as county treasurer he 
had served for four years as a member 
of the board of county commissioners, and 
also served on the Canton board of education for 
four years, so that his experience in public af- 
fairs was varied and of sufficient length to either 
condemn or commend him to the public. That 
the people viewed his record with favor is shown 
by the fact that in 1891 he was chosen state sen- 
ator from Lincoln county, and at the subsequent 
session ably represented his constituents in the 
legislature. He has given his best efforts to the 
people and to the county which has honored him 
with these respective positions of trust and honor 
and has been active in all movements looking to 
the advancement of his county and city. He now 
owns a half section of land in Norway and Pleas- 
ant townships, Lincoln county. In 1891 he en- 
gaged in the lumber business at Canton, acting as 
secretary and manager of the Farmers' Lumber 
Companv, and is conducting this business at the 
present time, the enterprise meeting with splendid 
success. 

In 1871 Mr. Dean was united in marriage 
with Miss Lavina Parker, of Kingston, Illinois, 
but who was born in Perry county. Indiana, and 
to them have been born six children, namely: 
Ralph, George, Effie, Edna, Ella and Edgar ?^I., 
all of whom are now living. Fraternalh-, ^Ir. 
Dean is a member of the Masonic order and also 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 



THOMAS THORSOX, one of the leading 
citizens of Canton, Lincoln county, where he is 
engaged in the real-estate business and where he 
holds the office of president of the First National 
Bank, was born in Norway, on the 14th of No- 
vember, 1S48, and was there reared to the age 
of six years, when, in 1854. he accomijaniel his 
parents on their inimigralion to the I'nitcd 



States, the family settling in northeastern Iowa, 
where his father became numbered among the 
pioneer farmers, taking up government land near 
the town of McGregor. There our subject 
availed himself of the advantages of the public 
schools, continuing to assist his father in the 
work and management of the home farm until 
i86g, when he secured a position as clerk in a 
hardware establishment in Sioux City, Iowa. In 
1 87 1 he removed to Beloit, Lyon count}-, that 
state, where he opened the first store in the 
county, building up a successful general-merchan- 
dise business and becoming one of the influential 
citizens of that section. In the autimin of 1871 
he was elected the first recorder of file county, 
and in 1874 was elected county auditor. After 
the expiration of his term in this office, in 1873, 
he accepted a position as traveling representative 
of the Siou.x City Journal, and continued in this 
line of work for the ensuing six years, at the 
expiration of which, in 1881, he located in Can- 
ton, South Dakota, and here engaged in the real- 
estate business, doing much to further the devel- 
opment and settlement of this section and having 
ever since continued to be here prominently iden- 
tified with this important line of enterprise, in 
which connection he has become the owner of 
much valuable city realty and farming and graz- 
ing land. He at once identified himself intimately 
and helpfully with public affairs, and he served 
two terms as mayor of Canton, while he was 
elected to represent his county in the provisional 
legislature of 1885. He has been at all times an 
uncompromising advocate of the principles of the 
Republican party and an active worker in its 
cause, and in 1892 he was shown further distinc- 
tion at the hands of his party and the voters of 
the state in being chosen secretary of state, giv- 
ing an able administration and being chosen as 
his own successor in 1894, on which occasion he 
received the largest plurality ever given to any 
candidate on the state ticket — a significant evi- 
dence of popular confidence and esteem. After 
his retirement from office he again turned his 
attention to his real-estate business, which he has 
continued with marked success. He became one 
of the stockholders of the First National Bank of 



HISTORv' OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1015 



Canton at the time of its organization, was a 
member of its directorate for many years and in 
Tanuary, 1903, was elected to the presidency of 
the institution, which is one of the sohd and pros- 
perous banks of the state. 

On July 12, 1882, IMr. Thorson married Miss 
Jessie Hunt, of Dodge county. ;\Iinnesota. Fra- 
ternally, he is a Knight of Pythias and in the 
Masonic order he has attained all the degrees of 
tile York and Scottish rites, up to and including 
the thirty-second, and is also affiliated with the 
Mystic Shrine. His religious connection is with 
the Lutheran church. 



CHARLES L. BEE;\L\N is a native of 
r.radford county, Pennsylvania, where his birth 
took place on the nth day of January. 1832, 
being the son of Joseph H. and TV-tsy ( Huck) 
lleeman, both parents born and reared in the 
Keystone state. The Beemans and Bucks were 
pmong the early settlers of Bradford county and 
both families appear to have been widely known 
and liiglily esteemed. Joseph H. Beeman, the 
subject's father, was a farmer and in connection 
with agriculture worked for a number of years 
at the carpenter's trade, having been an efficient 
mechanic as well as an enterprising and prosper- 
ous tiller of the soil. Of his eight children, three 
survive, namely : Charles L., who is the second 
in order of birth ; Julia, living in Iowa, and 
Amos, who is still a resident of Bradford county. 
The following are the names of those deceased ; 
Denton, who was the oldest of the family. ?iIinor. 
Eliza and Henry, the third, fourth and fifth, re- 
spectively. Henr}' was a soldier in the Union 
army during the late Civil war, rendered valu- 
able service for his country and died a miserable 
death in the ]irison pen at Andersonville. 

Charles L. Beeman was reared on the home 
farm in Pennsylvania and owing to unfavorable 
circumstances was enabled to acquire only a lim- 
ited education. Being the oldest of the living 
children, nnich of the labor of the fann naturally 
fell to him, but with true filial regard he cheer- 
fulh' assumed the responsibilitv and discharged 
his (hities faithfullv and well, remaining with his 



parents and looking to their interests and the in- 
terests of the rest of the family until long after 
the age when the majority of young men are ac- 
customed to begin life for themselves. In 1864 
he left home and went to Jones county, Iowa, 
where he purchased forty acres of land and en- 
gaged in farming. He succeeded fairly well and 
continued to live where he originally located until 
1883, when he sold his place and came to Bon 
Homme county, Dakota, purchasing a quarter 
section of land in the township of Bon Homme, 
which he soon reduced to cultivation and otlfer- 
wise improved. Accustomed to hard work from 
his youth and possessing a determined will, Mr. 
Beeman made substantial progress as a farmer 
and in the course of a few years was accounted 
one of the most successful men of the community 
in which he resided. In the year 1900 he bought 
his present place and since that time has brought 
it to a high state of tillage, besides making a 
number of substantial improvements, including a 
neat and comfortable dwelling, good barns and 
other outbuildings, and he now owns one of the 
most beautiful and desiraljlc homes in the town- 
ship. ]\lr. Beeman has devoted his life to agri- 
culture and is familiar with every phase of his 
chosen calling. He employs modem methods in 
the tilling of the soil, raises abundant crops of 
grain, vegetables and other products peculiar to 
.South Dakota, besides paying considerable at- 
tention to live stock, in the breeding and raising 
of which l;e has met with encouraging success. 
Mr. Beeman is a man of domestic tastes, a great 
lover of his home and has never had any desire 
for public office, although a staunch Republican 
in politics and an active supporter of his party. 
In religion he is a Baptist, having united with 
the church a number of years ago. and his life 
ever since been in harmony with the principles 
and teachings of the faith which he professes. 
Mr. Beeman was married in his native county 
and state, in 1852, to Miss Caroline E. Titus, 
who was born and reared in the same neighbor- 
hood in which he spent his youth and early man- 
hood. They have three children, the oldest being 
Rosie. wlio is now the wife of Alexander Kane, 
a farmer, of Kno.x countv, Nebraska : Estella, the 



ioi6 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



second daughter, married Homer Beeman, a 
farmer and stock raiser of Bon Homme town- 
ship, and the youngest of the family, a son by the 
name of Frank, lives at home and helps his father 
run the farm. Mrs. Beeman is also a Baptist in 
her religious belief and a consistent and highly 
esteemed member of the local church. 



^IILTOX D. GARDNER, one of the lead- 
ing farmers and stock raisers of Bon Homme 
county, is a native of Oneida county, Xew York, 
and dates his birth from April 30, 1837. His 
grandfather, Benjamin Gardner, moved to that 
county in an early day from Rhode Island and 
\vas one of the leading citizens of the community 
in which he spent the remainder of his life. He 
was a farmer by occupation, took an active part 
in the afifairs of Oneida county and died there 
many years ago, leaving a family of six children, 
viz: Daniel, Frederick, David, Mary, Harriet 
and Narcissus, all deceased except Harriet, who 
still lives in the state of New York. 

Frederick Gardner, the second son, was born 
September 23, 1811, married Sarah Wiggin, 
\vhose birth occurred in the year 1816, and de- 
parted this life in Oneida county, January 16, 
1870. his wife dying seven years after that date. 
Mr. Gardner followed tilling the soil for a live- 
lihood and was a man of sterling worth. He was 
a Democrat in politics, a Baptist in his religious 
belief and as a neighbor and citizen bore an ex- 
cellent reputation. Frederick and Sarah Gardner 
reared a family of seven children, whose names 
are as follows: Joanna, bom January 10, 1835, 
married Alexander Bowers, and died in Du- 
buque, Iowa, October 10, 1900; Milton D., the 
subject of this review, is the second in order of 
birth: Anna Eliza was born June 28, 1839: Har- 
riet, wife of William Bowers, was born February 
24, 1842, and died in 1898; George W,, whose 
birth occurred on the 17th of September, 1846, 
died in childhood: Henry J., born March 23. 
1849, is living a retired life with the subject : A. 
W. was born ^March 22, 1835, and makes his 
home in Maquoketa, Iowa. 

]\liltnn D. Gardner was educated in the pnl>lic 



schools of his native county, grew to manhood on 
the farm and remained with his parents until 
twenty-seven years of age. In 1864 he severed 
home ties and went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
but after spending a short time at that place 
changed his abode to Waseca, in the same state, 
wh.ere he clerked for two years in a mercantile 
house. Resigning his position at the end of that 
time he became bookkeeper for a fimi in Dubuque, 
Iowa, where he remained until 1873, the mean- 
while becoming familiar with business and well 
qualified to enter upon the duties of the active 
career which awaited him in the west. In the 
above year Mr. Gardner came to South Dakota 
and with his brother engaged in the implement 
business at Yankton, where the two conducted a 
large establishment tmtil 1883, building up a 
lucrative trade during that time and becoming 
widely and favorably known in commercial cir- 
cles. Disposing of his interest at the time noted, 
the subject came to Bon Homme county and pur- 
chased his present farm of one hundred and 
sixty acres in the township of Bon Homme, 
wdiich he at once began to improve and which he 
has since converted into one of the best farms as 
well as one of the most beautiful and attractive 
country homes in this part of the state. Since 
moving to this place he has devoted his atten- 
tion to agriculture and stock raising and that his 
success has been most flattering is attested by his 
steady advancem.ent in material afifairs, being at 
this time the owner of eleven hundred acres of 
valuable land in Bon Homme county, four hun- 
dred of which are in cultivation and otherwise 
highly improved. He devotes especial attention 
to com, millet, alfalfa and hay, which he raises in 
abundance and feeds to his live stock. Mr. Gard- 
ner has achieved enviable repute as a raiser of 
fine blooded cattle and has on his farm at this 
time thirty-five registered shorthorns, also a large 
herd of other superior breeds, besides owning two 
hundred Poland-Qiina hogs, and a number of 
fine horses, for both draft and road purposes. He 
exhibits his live stock and the products of his 
farms have taken a number of premiums awarded 
bv the state fairs, all of which he attends and in 
the deliberations of which he takes an active in- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



terest and prominent part. In addition to his 
o^eneral agricultural and large live-stock interests, 
Mr. Gardner has a wide reputation as a grower 
of fine varieties of corn. So great has been the 
demand for this product of his farm that in the 
\car 1903 he shipped more than a thousand 
bushels to different parts of the state and yet was 
unable to fill all orders that came to him. He has 
given close and critical study to corn culture and 
his efforts have resulted in the improvement of 
standard varieties and the development of new 
and highly productive kinds, for all of which he 
receives fancy prices. 

Fraternally, Mr. Gardner is a Mason, belong- 
ing to the blue lodge at Tyndall and the chapter 
at Scotland and he is also identified with the 
P\-thian order, holding membership with the 
lodge which meets at Springfield. While not a 
politician in the strict sense of the word, he keeps 
well informed on the leading public questions of 
the day. and gives his support to the Democratic 
party, though in local affairs frequently voting 
for the best qualified candidate, regardless of 
political ties. 

Mr. Gardner, on May i, 1861, was united in 
marriage with Miss Ophelia Brewer, of Oneida 
county, New York, the union resulting in the 
birth of three children, the oldest of whom, Asa, 
was bom on May 8, 1866. This son is now a 
prosperous stock dealer and lives at New Eng- 
land, North Dakota, where he has a family of 
five children, his wife having formerly been Miss 
Emma Harrison, of Bon Homme county; Isa- 
bella S., the second of the subject's children, was 
born ^ I arch 12, 1868, and married Herbert Sil- 
verwood, a farmer of Bon Homme county, this 
state: the youngest of the family, a son by the 
name of Clarence E., was born on May 24, 1879, 
and is his father's able assistant on the farm. 



SEYMOUR A. GUPTILL, one of the larg- 
est land owners and successful farmers of Bon 
Homme county, is the son of John B. and Emily 
(Warren) Guptill, and was born in Winnebago 
county, Illinois, on the 7th day of January, 1859. 
His father, a native of Maine, came west in 1845 



and settled in Illinois, where he purchased a farm 
on which he made his home until 1886, when he 
disposed of his interests in that state and moved 
his family to Canton, South Dakota. Buying 
land near the latter place, he improved a farm 
and continued to cultivate the same as long as he 
lived. He was a good man and an influential citi- 
zen, took an active interest in public affairs and at 
different times was honored with official posi- 
tions, in all of which he discharged his duties 
ably and acceptably. Mrs. Guptill, who was born 
in New York, survives her husband and at the 
present time lives in the state of Illinois. The 
following are the names of the children born to 
this couple : Charles, of Bon Homme county ; 
Mrs. Lona Goldy, who lives in Illinois ; Seymour 
A., of this review, and Lillie, who departed this 
life at the age of eleven years. 

Seymour A. Guptill received a limited edu- 
cation in the public schools and remained with 
his parents until his twenty-second year, the 
meanwhile assisting with the labors of the farm. 
In 1882 he came to South Dakota and settled in 
Lincoln county, where he became one of the lead- 
ing farmers. While there he accumulated con- 
siderable property, both real- estate and personal, 
but in 1 901 he sold out and came to Bon Homme 
county, where he invested his means in land, 
purchasing a fine farm of five hundred and 
twenty acres, which he still owns and which un- 
der his energetic labors and efffcient management 
has become one of the finest and most productive 
farms of the township in which it is situated. 
Mr. Guptill has added greatly to his realty from 
time to time until he now owns eleven hundred 
and sixty acres, all valuable and the greater part 
under cultivation and well improved. He farms 
the home place and rents the rest of his land, 
and as an agriculturist and stock raiser he ranks 
with the leading men of his part of the state, who 
are thus engaged. A Populist in sentiment and 
a zealous supporter of the party of that name, 
Mr. Guptill has kept aloof from partisan politics 
and persistently refused to accept office or any 
kind of public position. He has no ambition fur- 
ther than to be a successful farmer and business 
man and to dignify his standing as a citizen whose 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



interests are not wholly circumscribed within 
narrow, selfish limits, but tend largely to pro- 
mote the welfare of his fellow men. 

In 1880 Mr. Guptill contracted a marriage 
with Miss Nettie Hoyt, of Rock county, Wiscon- 
sin, and he is now the head of an interesting 
family of four children, viz: Clyde, Walter S., 
Lorna and Sidney, the youngest, a son by the 
name of Rolland, being deceased. 



AIARTIX J. LEWIS, born Orleans county, 
New York, 1843. son of Governor Lewis, of Wis- 
consin. Located at Vermillion 1869. Engaged 
in banking with Messrs. Inman and Thompson : 
prominent Baptist and leader in philanthropic en- 
terprises. Died about 1893. 



IRA J. SMITH, of Springfield, Bon Homme 
county, is a native of Steuben county. New York, 
where his birth occurred on April 25, 1846, and 
is an honorable representative of one of the old- 
est and best-known families of that part of the 
Empire state. His father, Solomon C. Smith, 
settled in the above county as early as 1830, 
cleared and improved a good farm and afterward 
moved onto a farm in Tioga county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and lived on the same until his death, at 
the age of seventy-nine years. He was of Ger- 
man descent and when a young man married 
Miss Lucretia Hurd, who departed this life when 
fifty-seven years old, after bearing him nine chil- 
dren, whose names are as follows: Joshua €., 
of Steuben county. New York: Rebecca lives in 
Boston, IMassachusetts ; Freelove, of Fredonia, 
New York; Daniel, who lives in Portland. Ore- 
gon : Betsey, deceased ; Tra J., whose name intro- 
duces this sketch; Mary J-, deceased; Adaline, 
of Olean, New York, and Lovisa, whose home is 
in the state of Washington. 

Tra J. Smith was reared to agricultural pur- 
suits, received a common-school education and 
remained with his parents until twentv-thr'-e 
years old. Leaving home, he came west in 1870. 
arriving at Yankton, Dakota, on March 27th of 
that year. After spending a short time at that 



place the subject settled in Springfield, which 
had but recently been laid out, and, taking up a 
quarter section of land in the vicinity of the town, 
turned his attention to agriculture. While prov- 
ing up on his land he worked in different places 
and after obtaining a patent from the govern- 
ment, entered an adjoining quarter section, for 
which he received a deed in due time. 

Mr. Smith served four years as clerk in the 
United States land office at Springfield, during 
which time he lived in the town, but at the expi- 
ration of his term he returned to his farm and 
has continued its cultivation ever since. In addi- 
tion to agriculture he is largely interested in live 
stock, being one of the leading cattle raisers .in 
Spring-field township, and he also devotes consid- 
erable attention to horses and hogs, making the 
fine breeds a specialty. Mr. Smith is one of the 
substantial business men of his community and 
as a farmer and stock raiser occupies a place in 
the front rank of those who follow these voca- 
tions. He is a self-made man and his success 
since coming west has been almost phenomenal. 
He reached South Dakota with sixty cents as the 
sum total of his capital and at this time he owns 
one of the most valuable farms in the county and 
a fine moclern residence in Springfield, besides 
the wealth represented by his live stock and other 
personal property, all of which has been accumu- 
lated by his own industry, thrift and efficient 
management. He moved to his beautiful and 
attractive home in the town in 1002, but still 
gives attention to his farming and live-stock in- 
terests. Mr. Smith is a potent factor in the af- 
fairs of his township and county and one of the 
leading Republicans in his part of the country. 
He served three years on the board of county 
commissioners and could have almost any local 
office within the gift of the people, were it not 
for the fact that he has always been averse to ac- 
cepting public position. In religion he is a Con- 
gregationalist ; he assisted to organize the church 
at Springfield and has been one of its leading 
members and most liberal supporters ever since, 
being at tliis time a member of its board of trus- 
tees. 

The domestic life of Mr. Smith dates from 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1019 



1873, in which year he contracted a matrimonial 
alliance with Miss Hattie Bell, of Beloit. Wis- 
consin, who has borne him five children, Maude 
L. ; Ward E. died when two and a half years 
old ; W. Berton, one of the promoters and own- 
ers of the Springfield Telephone Company ; 
Mabel C. and Rena A. 



HEXRY E. PHELPS is a native of Ford 
county, Illinois, and was born in August, 1863, 
being the son of Jasper and Mary Ann (Davis) 
Phelps, both of whom died in the year 1864, leav- 
ing their son to be brought up in the family of a 
friend by the name of John Wood. As this 
gentleman and his good wife cared for their 
young protege and sustained toward him almost 
parental relations, it is proper in this connection 
to present a brief outline of the benefactor to 
whom the subject is so greatly indebted and 
whose memory he so fondly cherishes. Mr. 
W'cind was born in Dutchess county. New York, 
M;i\- 6, 1824. and at the age of eighteen went to 
Xorwalk, Ohio, between which place and Mt. 
\'ernon he drove stage for a number of years. In 
1846 he married Sarah J. Lyons, of Beaver 
county, Pennsylvania, and in 1858 moved to 
Huntington county, Indiana, locating at the town 
of Andrews, where, in partnership with a Mr. 
King, he operated a sawmill for a period of three 
years, changing his residence at the expiration 
of that time to Woodford county, Illinois. After 
farming about two years in that part of the state, 
Mr. Wood moved his family to Livingstone 
county, thence, in 1872, came to Lincoln county. 
South Dakota, and entered land in Dayton town- 
ship, which he improved and on which he spent 
the remainder of his days, dying on November 
30, i803- 

H. E. Phelps spent his early life in the home 
of Mr. Wood and was reared to agricultural pur- 
suits. He accompanied his foster parents to 
South Dakota in 1872 and from that time until 
1889 had charge of the Wood farm in Lincoln 
county, but purchased forty acres of his own two 
years previous to the latter date. On March 13. 
1889. he was united in marriage with Miss Flor- 



ence Lyon, of Andrews, Indiana, daughter of 
John J. and Ruth (Ik-auchamp) Lyon, and im- 
mediatelv thereafter set up a domestic establish- 
ment of his own, purchasing an additional eighty 
acres of land the same year, which he has since 
improved and reduced to a successful state of 
cultivation. Mr. Phelps has one of the finest 
farms in Lincoln county, from which he derives 
every year a handsome income. He devotes his 
attention to general agriculture, raises abundant 
crops of grain, especially corn, and feeds con- 
siderable live stock, being among the most suc- 
cessful raisers of hogs and horses in his neigh- 
borhood. Since coming west he has applied him- 
self closely to his chosen calling, with the result 
that he is now in comfortable circumstances, with 
ample competence against possible adversity, and 
has long occupied a conspicuous place among the 
representative citizens of the community in which 
he resides. 

In 1895 Mr. and Mrs. Phelps made a trip to 
Indiana on account of the latter's health, and 
from there went to Fitzgerald, Georgia, where he 
operated a meat market for a short time with his 
brother-in-law, H. L. Beauchamp. Later he, 
with his wife, visited Tampa, Florida. He was 
absent on this sojourn the greater part of two 
years, returning home in 1897, since which time 
he has carried on farming and stock raising, with 
the success already indicated. In politics Mr. 
PheliJS votes the Populist ticket and in religion 
belongs, with his wife, to the Methodist Episco- 
pal church, both being faithful and consistent 
members and active workers in the local congre- 
gation with which thev are identified. Mr. and 
Mrs. Phelps have no children of their own, but 
some years ago they opened their hearts and 
home to an adopted daughter, upon whom they 
have lavished the same love and affection as if 
she had been their own flesh and blood. 



GEORGE ATWOOD PETTIGREW, M. 
D., was born in Ludlow, Vermont, April 6, 185S, 
the son of Josiah Walker and Susan Ann ( At- 
wood ) Pettigrew, natives of Ludlow and Lon- 
donderry, Vermont, respectively. He was edu- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



cated at the Black River Academy, of Ludlow, 
Vermont, the Colby Academy, of New London, 
New Hampshire, and was graduated from the 
medical department of Dartmouth College, at 
Hanover, New Hampshire, with the class of 
1882. He began the practice of his profession 
at Flandreau, South Dakota, February 2, 1883, 
and in June, 1884, entered into a professional 
partnership with Dr. F. A. Spafford, which lasted 
until February, 1891, when he retired from the 
active practice and engaged in the real-estate, loan 
and banking business. He was surgeon of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad for 
eight years ; government physician to the Indi- 
ans for eight years ; surgeon of the Second Regi- 
ment of Territorial Guards, and their successors, 
from 1885 to 1893; surgeon-general of South 
Dakota under Governor Sheldon, for two terms : 
member of the board of United States pension 
examiners from 1884 to 1901, with the exception 
of one year ; surgeon of the First and Second 
Regiments of South Dakota National Guard from 
organization to their departure for the Philip- 
pines. 

yir. Pettigrew assisted in organizing the Flan- 
dreau State Bank in May, 1891, and was its 
president until July, 1903, when he resigned and 
moved to Sioux Falls, September 3d, following. 
He is president of the Union Savings Association 
of Sioux Falls. He served as coroner of Moody 
county for many years, and was the first to or- 
ganize the real-estate move to advance the inter- 
ests of Flandreau and Moody county. He lo- 
cated hundreds of now prosperous farmers in this 
countv and the price of farm lands has advanced 
from eight dollars an acre in 1891 to fift\' and 
sixty dollars an acre at the present time. 

The subject is a Mason and has attained the 
thirty-third degree, Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite and the Royal Order of Scotland. He served 
as grand secretary of the grand chapter of Royal 
Arch Masons of the state since 1889 ; in 1895 was 
elected grand secretary of the grand lodge of 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; in 1894 
grand recorder of the grand commandery of 
Knights Templar and in 1896 grand recorder of 
the grand high priesthood, and now holds these 



offices. He is a member of the chapter of the 
Eastern Star and was grand patron for 1891, 
1892 and 1893. He is a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows, Modern Woodmen of America and the As- 
sociation of Military Surgeons of America. 

At Troy, New York, October 19, 1887, Dr. 
Pettigrew was married to Eudora Zulette Stearns, 
who was born at Felchville, Vermont, July 28, 
1858. This union has been blessed by the birth 
of one child, Adelie Stearns, born September 7, 
1890. 



THOMAS O. MITCHELL, of the well- 
known firm of Mitchell & Thompson, dealers in 
grain, flour, hay, live stock, etc., Whitewood, 
South Dakota, was born in Adamsville, Ohio, 
on the 15th day of December, 1852. He spent 
his early years in his native state, enjoyed the 
advantages of a common-school education and 
until twenty-one years of age remained with .his 
parents, assisting in the cultivation of the home 
farm. On attaining his majority he went to ]\lc- 
Lcan county, Illinois, where he followed agri- 
cultural pursuits from 1873 to 1877, and in the 
spring of the latter year went to Grand Island, 
Nebraska, thence to Sidney, South Dakota, from 
which place he afterwards came with a train 
of freighters to the Black Hills. The summer 
following his arrival Mr. Mitchell devoted to 
prospecting on Battle and Rapid creeks, and in 
the fall returned to Nebraska and accepted a 
clerkship in his brother's general store at Alda, 
continuing in the latter capacity until the Spring 
of 1881, when he again came to Dakota and en- 
gaged in business at Dead wood. He began his 
career in that city, buying and shipping grain, 
and in due time built up a profitable trade, but 
in 1891 sold out there and established himself 
in the grain and hay business at Whitewood, 
which place has been the scene of his operations 
ever since. In 1892 Mr. Mitchell associated 
himself with T. W. Thompson, the firm thus 
constituted erected the same year the elevator at 
^^'hitewood, and from that time to the present 
they have conducted a large and lucrative grain 
business, also buy and ship live stock on a ver\- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



extensive scale, being one of the most success- 
ful firms of the kind in the western part of the 
state. In 1894 these gentlemen buih a gristmill 
at Whitewood, which has since been operated in 
connection with the grain and live-stock business, 
the enterprise proving as remunerative as the 
other interests, there being a constantly growing 
demand for the high-grade flour made by the 
firm. In addition to the lines of business re- 
ferred to, Messrs. Mitchell and Thompson pay 
considerable attention to the raising of blooded 
cattle, principally Herefords, pasturing a large 
number of these and other fine animals on their 
extensive ranch lands in the vicinity of White- 
wood and elsewhere in Lawrence county. 

^Ir. INIitchell is decidedly a self-made man 
and his present high standing in commercial and 
industrial circles has been reached without aid 
from the outside sources or the prestige of in- 
fluential friends. His business qualifications are 
of a superior order, his integrity and honor have 
always been unquestioned and his fair dealings 
and upright conduct have borne legitimate fruit- 
age in the success which has made his name 
popular among the representative men of the city 
and county honored by his citizenship. Mr. 
Mitchell is a Democrat in politics and one of 
the active and influential party workers in his 
part of the country, having served as chaimian 
of the town board for a number of years, be- 
sides filling other positions of honor and trust. 

Mr. Mitchell was married on March 6. 1894, 
to Miss Angle Robinson, a native of Iowa, but 
who was brought to South Dakota when a child, 
and has spent nearly all of her life in this state ; 
two children have resulted from this union, a 
son, Oron, and a daughter bv the name of Alice. 



WILLIAM HOLLEMAN, one of the en- 
terprising citizens of Bon Homme county, was 
born in Holland on May 12, 1832, being the son 
of Peter and Gertrude (Donkersloot) Holleman, 
both parents natives of the Netherlands. Peter 
Holleman and family came to America in 1855 
and settled in Ottawa county, ^Michigan, where 
he purchased land and cleared a farm, upon 



which he and his good wife spent the remainder 
of their lives. Mr. Holleman was twice married, 
the subject of this review being the only child of 
the first union. His second wife, whose maiden 
name was Mary Pruisen, bore him four children, 
namely : Johanna, Leentje, Anna and Arie. all 
of whom live in Ottawa county, Michigan, where 
the family originally settled. 

William Holleman was reared and educated 
in the land of his birth and at the age of twenty- 
three accompanied his parents to America, locat- 
ing with them in the state of Michigan. He be- 
gan farming for himself in Ottawa county and 
in due time became the possessor of one hundred 
and ninety acres of land, which he improved and 
on which he lived and prospered until the year 
1885, when he sold out and moved to Bon 
Homme county. South Dakota. On coming 
west, Mr. Holleman purchased three hundred and 
twenty acres of land, which he has since con- 
verted into one of the finest farms in tliat part 
of the county, and he has also added to his 
realty from time to time until he now owns, 
with his sons, one thousand four hundred acres, 
five hundred and seventy of which are under 
cultivation and otherwise well improved. 

As a farmer Mr. Holleman stands in the 
front rank, as prosperity has continuously at- 
tended him, and he is today one of the leading 
agriculturists in his part of the state. In ad- 
dition to the large crops of corn, wheat, oats and 
hay which his place produces, he is quite ex- 
tensively interested in live stock, devoting his 
attention to fine shorthorn and Durham cattle, 
Poland-China hogs and several breeds of horses, 
in the raising of which he has achieved a repu- 
tation much more than local. He is a great ad- 
mirer of his adopted country and its free in- 
stitutions, manifests a lively interest in national 
and state questions as well as local affairs and 
in politics votes the Republican ticket. In mat- 
ters religious he has strong faith and well-defined 
opinions, being a worthy and consistent member 
of the Dutch Reformed church, in the faith of 
which he was bom and reared and with which the 
majority of his familv are also identified. 

i\Ir. Holleman was married November 22, 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1859, to Miss Clara Ulburg, a native of Holland, 
who bore him thirteen children and departed 
this life on April 21, 1902. Mrs. Holleman was 
a zealous member of the church to which her 
husband belongs, and a lady of beautiful Chris- 
tian character and of many excellent qualities. 
She reared her children to industrious habits, 
early instilled into their minds and hearts a 
love of truth and rio;ht and by example as well as 
precept, taught them to live lives of usefulness 
and honor. The following are the names of the 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Holleman : Peter, 
a graduate of a literary institution in Holland 
and of the University of Michigan, now a physi- 
cian, practicing his profession at Roseland, Iowa ; 
John, a prosperous farmer and stock raiser of 
Bon Homme count\' ; Garrett, who is engaged 
in agricultural pursuits near Jamestown, Michi- 
gan : Edward, of Bon Homme county and a 
farmer by occupation, as is also Leonard, the 
fifth in order of birth ; James, Timothy, Henn,', 
David, William, Clarence, Ida and Gertrude are 
still with their father on the homestead. 



HEXRY T. COOPER, cashier of the White- 
wood Bank, and ex-treasurer of Lawrence 
countv, also state senator for two consecutive 
terms, is a native of ^^'arwickshire, England, 
where his birth occurred on the 22d day of June, 
1850. He grew to manhood's estate and received 
his education in the country of his birth and 
after reaching his majority accepted the position 
of traveling salesman with a wholesale firm which 
he represented in various parts of England until 
1879. Severing his connections with his house 
that year, he came to the Lhiited States and, pro- 
ceeding direct to St. Paul, Minnesota, entered 
the employ of the Northwestern Transportation 
Company, which at that time was operating lines 
of stage coaches through various western states 
and territories. Shortly after engaging with this 
company, Mr. Cooper was placed in charge of 
the business at Bismarck, South Dakota, thence, 
in 1880, was transferred to Pierre, where he 
looked after the company's interests during the 



five years following. In 1885 he took charge of 
the ofifice at Chadron, but when the railroad was 
finished to that town the transportation company 
moved its office to Rapid City, thence a little later 
to Sturgis, and finally, in the fall of 1887, to 
Whitewood, which place sprang into existence 
that year. Mr. Cooper continued with the com- 
pany at the latter place until 1890, when its busi- 
ness was wound up by reason of the completion 
of the railroad to Deadwood. For some time 
thereafter he was engaged in various enterprises, 
among which was the running of transportation 
lines to a number of smaller towns beyond the 
reach of railway facilities, and later he con- 
structed the water-works system at Whitewood, 
which for several months was operated under his 
personal management. In 1894 Mr. Cooper was 
elected treasurer of Lawrence county, and served 
as such for a period of two years, discharging 
his official functions in an able and satisfactory 
manner and proving not only a capable but a 
very obliging and popular public servant. He 
early manifested a strong predilection for politics 
and, espousing the principles of the Republican 
party, in due time became one of its ardent ad- 
vocates and active workers in the Black Hills 
country. As a further recognition of his valu- 
able services he was honored in 1898 by being 
elected a member of the state senate, in which 
capacity he served his district two terms, having 
been re-elected in the year 1900. 

Mr. Cooper, in 1898, became associated with 
the Whitewood Banking Company, and since 
that date he has been cashier of the bank, also one 
of its largest stockholders. He is a skillful ac- 
countant, capable and painstaking in the dis- 
charge of the duties of his position and has made 
a special study of financial questions, on all of 
which he is not only well informed, but is con- 
sidered an authority. In addition to banking, 
he has large mining interests in different parts 
of the country, and as an all-round, wide-awake, 
enterprising business man, he occupies a promi- 
nent place among the leading men of the Black 
Hills. He still owns the water works at White- 
wood and, with his other sources of income, has 
become quite well to do, being at this time classed 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1023 



with the financially solid and responsible men of 
his part of the stale. 

Mr. Cooper is a married man and the father 
of two children, Henry and Albert; his wife, 
formerly Miss Kate Grimshaw. is a native of 
Minnesota and her name was changed to the 
one she now bears on April 11, 1888. 



RICHARD BLACKSTONE, one of the 
representative citizens of the Black Hills district, 
maintaining his home in Lead, Lawrence county, 
was born on a farm near Connellsville, Fayette 
county, Pennsylvania, and is a scion of one of 
the old and honored families of the Keystone 
state. The date of his birth was October 16, 
1843, and he is a son of James and Nancy C. 
(Johnston) Blackstone, both of whom were like- 
wise natives of that county. The parents of the 
subject passed their entire lives in the vicinity of 
Connellsville, where the father followed the vo- 
cation of farming, being a successful and in- 
fluential citizen and one who commanded un- 
equivocal* confidence and esteem. ( )f his four- 
teen children, eight are yet living. 

Richard Blackstone was reared on the home 
farm and secured his early education in the 
schools of Connellsville and in a private school. 
On the 20th of July, 1861, when somewhat less 
than eighteen years of age, he enlisted in Com- 
pany C, Thirty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
commanded by Colonel Thomas B. Ford, who 
had served as governor of the Buckeye state. He 
enlisted at ]\Iansfield, Ohio, and thence accom- 
panied his command to West Virginia, where 
they passed the winter. In the spring they ad- 
vanced to the east toward Staunton, Virginia, 
under General Milroy, and took part in the bat- 
tle of Bull Mountain, after which they marched 
by way of Franklin over into the Shenandoah 
valley, where they joined General Fremont's 
forces and followed Stonewall Jackson on his 
retreat up the valley to Harrison. They then re- 
turned to Winchester and fortified the city, and 
when Lee crossed into ^laryland they abandoned 
Winchester and retreated to Harper's Ferry, tak- 
ing part in the battle of Marylantl Heights, where 



they were taken prisoners and paroled. During 
the battle of Antietam they could hear the firing 
but were not able to take part, as they were held 
in captivity at the time. The regiment was moved 
on to Baltimore and thence to Camp Douglas, in 
Oiicago, and in the fall were sent to Columbus, 
Ohio, where their exchange was effected. In 
the spring of 1863 the regiment was again made 
ready for duty and proceeded via Mississippi to 
Memphis, where it became a part of the Army 
of the Tennessee, under General Grant, being 
assigned to the Third Division of the Seventeenth 
Army Corps. After lying in camp at Milliken's 
Bend for a time the command crossed the Mis- 
sissippi river, below Vicksburg, and started on 
the march to the rear of Vicksburg, engaging in 
battle with Raymond's forces on the 8th of May, 
and then proceeding as far as Jackson, Mis- 
sissippi, from which point they returned toward 
Vicksburg, participating in the battle of Cham- 
pion Hills, on the i6th of May. In the charge 
they captured two entire regiments, from Ala- 
bama. Then advancing upon A'icksburg they be- 
sieged that city until the 4th of July, under Gen- 
eral Logan, and after the capitulation of the city 
the regiment was engaged in provost duty during 
the summer, and in the fall Mr. Blackstone was 
made first sergeant of his company. At that time 
he re-enlisted, although his temi would not have 
expired until nearly a year later. He received a 
thirty days' veteran furlough and passed the same 
at his old home, after which he returned to Vicks- 
burg and was detailed on recruiting service. The 
regiment in the meanwhile came northward, and 
he rejoined the command at Cairo, Illinois, from 
which they proceeded up the Tennessee river to 
Athens, Georgia, our subject being about this 
time commissioned second lieutenant. They 
marched onward and joined Sherman's army 
at Big Shanty, Georgia, where they began their 
services in connection with the Atlanta cam- 
paign, advancing against General Johnston, who 
made a somewhat stubborn stand at Kenesaw 
Mountain, while they had numerous skirmishes 
enroute, reaching Atlanta in July, and being in 
the thickest of the fray on the 22d of that 
month, when General [McPherson was killed. 



1024 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Sherman continued his march and the Thirty- 
second Ohio was present at the battle of Jones- 
borough, but did not take part in the same. Re- 
turning to Atlanta, they there encamped until 
late in September, when General Hood started 
for the north. The federal troops were put on 
cars and went as far as Dalton, the intention 
being to head off Hood. Sherman then began 
the destruction of the railroad and shortly after- 
ward our subject's regiment arrived at Atlanta 
and joined in the memorable march to the sea, 
thence proceeding northward through the 
Carolinas and being present at the surrender of 
Johnston, after which they marched to Washing- 
ton, where, as a part of Sherman's army, they 
participated in the grand review. From the 
national capital the regiment was sent to Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, where they were assigned to 
provost duty, Mr. Blackstone there receiving his 
honorable discharge in July, 1865, as captain of 
his company, while on the 27th of the same 
month' he was mustered qut of the service. 

After the close of his long and arduous mili- 
tary service Captain Blackstone retuhied to his 
home, in Pennsylvania, and for a number of 
months was a student in the Pennsylvania Mili- 
tary Academy, at Chester, after which he took a 
two-years course in the Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute at Troy, New York, where he gave his 
attention to the study of engineering. In 1868 
he came west to Colorado, making the trip from 
Oieyenne to Denver by stage, and he engaged in 
placer mining on the site of the present town of 
Breckenridge, also prospecting in other localities. 
In 1870 he returned to Denver, where he se- 
cured a position in the office of the United States 
surveyor general, as draughtsman. One year 
later he removed to Cheyenne, Wyoming, where 
he was employed in the office of the surveyor 
general until 1878, in March of which year he 
started for the Black Hills, arriving in Deadwood 
on the last day of tlie month. He came here in 
the interest of Cheyenne men who had some 
mining properties on Whitewod creek, and he 
acted as superintendent about two months, when 
he found that the venture was not a profitable 
one, and he accordingly engaged in the work of 



his profession as an engineer, to which he de- 
voted his attention for the ensuing two years. In 
1 88 1 he entered the employ of the Homestake 
Mining Company as engineer, and began the con- 
struction of the Black Hills & Fort Pierre Rail- 
road, continuing to make extensions to the same 
at intervals until 1890, when the line was com- 
pleted to Piedmont. In connection with his 
other official duties he was superintendent of this 
railroad until it was sold to the Giicago, Bur- 
lington & Ouincy Railroad Company, in 1901. 
He has been chief engineer for the Homestake 
Company from the start, and has maintained his 
home in Central City since 1888. April i, 1903, 
he was made assistant superintendent of the 
company. He also served as assistant superin- 
tendent of the Father DeSmet, Deadwood. Terra 
and Caledonia mines, owned by the Homestake 
Company. In politics the Captain is a stanch 
adherent of the Republican party, and fraternally 
he is affiliated with the Ohio Commandei^.' of the 
Loyal Legion and with E. M. Stanton Post, No. 
8, Grand Army of the Republic, at Lead. 

On the 28th of December, 1871, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Captain Blackstone to 
Miss ]\Iabel R. Noble, who was born and reared 
in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, being a daughter of 
William and Louisa (Findley) Noble. Of this 
union have been born three children, namely : 
Alexander J., who is in the emplo}' of the Home- 
stake Mining Company ; Mary L., who is the wife 
of D. C. Regan, of Lead ; and Florence, who re- 
mains at the parental home. The family at- 
tend the Episcopal church. 



JA:MES HARTGERIXG. of Rapid City, a 
miningrand mechanical engineer, with offices also 
at Deadwood, was born on September 22, 1853, 
in Ottawa county, Michigan, and is the son of 
Alexander and Josephine Hartgering, natives of 
Ohio. The father was a man of intellectual pur- 
suits and engaged in teaching school during the 
greater part of his mature life. When a young 
man he served in the Mexican war, and after the 
close of that memorable contest followed farm- 
ing for a time in Michigan, where he died. The 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



son, James, was reared and educated in his na- 
tive county, and in tlie spring of 1877 came to 
the Black Hills, arriving in this new Eldorado 
on the first day of April, and at once went to 
prospecting and mining, following these alluring 
hut often disappointing occupations for a number 
of vears in various places throughout the Hills 
country. He also learned his trade as a mill- 
wright and worked at that considerably. In 1885 
he pursued a speciat course of study in the State 
School of Mines at Rapid City, the school having 
then been recently organized. After the com- 
pletion of his course there he entered on the prac- 
tice of his profession as a mining and mechanical 
engineer, and to this he has steadfastly adhered 
over since. His home has been at Rapid City 
from i8gi, with offices at Deadwood also. His 
professional work has had a wide scope and is of 
considerable magnitude, he being generally rec- 
ognized as one of its leading practitioners in this 
part of the country. He has been prominent in 
designing and building mills and cyanide plants 
on contract. The growth and development of the 
section has enlisted his warmest and most in- 
telligent interest, and to this he has devoted the 
greater part of his time and energy. In addi- 
tion he has taken an active part in public afifairs, 
although not an earnest partisan in political work. 
From 1886 he served as United States deputy 
surveyor and as United States deputy mineral 
surveyor, and was countv surveyor of Custer 
county for one term. In fraternal relations he is 
connected with the Masonic order, and has 
climbed the mystic stairway to the thirty-second 
degree of the Scottish Rite, being also a noble of 
the ]\Tystic Shrine, belonging to the blue lodge at 
Rapid City and the other bodies of the order at 
Deadwood. He also belongs to the camp of the 
Modern Woodmen of .Ajnerica at Rapid City, 
and is a valued member of the Society for the 
Advancement of Science, whose headquarters are 
at Washington, D. C. 

On March 21, 1883, ^^ Chicago, Illinois, the 
subject was married to Miss Jennie M. McRae, 
a native of Ontario. They have five children, 
Constance M., James F., Genevieve. John M. and 
Francis B. 



THOMAS GREGORY, who is incumbent 
of the responsible position of state mining in- 
spector, is a native of Devonshire, England, 
where he was born on the 24th of July, 1862, 
being a son of John and Jane Ann (Sergeant) 
Gregory, the former of whom was born in 
Devonshire and the latter in Cornwall, while 
the paternal grandfather of the subject, William 
Gregory, was likewise a native of Devonshire, 
where the family has resided for many gener- 
ations, the name being closely identified with the 
mining industry in that section of the "right little, 
tight little isle." The father of the subject was 
in his younger days engaged in farming, but later 
became concerned in mining, being in the em- 
ploy of the Devongrate Consols Mining Com- 
pany, a large and important concern, engaged in 
the mining of copper, and with the same he con- 
tinued until his death, by accident in the mine, in 
1888, while his devoted wife passed away in 1870. 
They became the parents of eight children, of 
whom five are living at the present time. 

Thomas Gregory passed his boyhood days in 
his native county, where he secured his educa- 
tion in the coinmon schools, and while a boy he 
entered the copper mines, in which he advanced 
through various grades of promotion until he 
held responsible positions. He was employed 
in the mines of Devonshire and Cornwall for 
varying intervals until March, 1884, when he 
came to America. He first went to California, 
and after passing about fifteen months in gold 
mining at Plymouth, Amador county, he came 
thence to the Black Hills. Here he entered the 
employ of the Deadwood Terra Mining Com- 
pany, at Terraville, whose properties were later 
purchased by the Flomestake Mining Company, 
which still controls the same. He was thus en- 
gaged until 1893, having in the meanwhile been 
successful in various contracting enterprises 
which he undertook in an incidental way. In 
the year mentioned the mine was closed down 
and Mr. Gregory then made a visit to his old 
home in Devonshire, England, where he remained 
eight months, after which he returned to the 
Black Hills and again entered the employ of the 
Deadwood Terra Alining Company, and about 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



four months later entered the employ of the 
Homestake Mining Company, in whose service 
he continued, a valued and trusted employe, until 
April I, 1901, when he was appointed state min- 
ing inspector, with headquarters at Lead. He 
gave most able and satisfactory service and was 
appointed as his own successor on the ist of 
April, 1903, being the first incumbent of the 
office to thus receive appointment for a second 
term in this state, — a fact which is duly 
significant without further testimony or endorse- 
ment. In politics Mr. Gregory gives his al- 
legiance to the Republican party, and fraternally 
he is identified with the Knights of Pythias and 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
Shortly after his arrival in the Hills Mr. Gre- 
gory organized a cornet band at Terraville, and 
the headquarters of the same were transferred to 
Lead at the time of his removal to this point. 
He has been the leader and instructor of the 
band from the start and it has now attained a 
high degree of proficiency, having about twenty 
pieces represented in its instrumentation, while 
it has the distinction of being the official band of 
the Second Regiment of the Uniformed Rank of 
the Knights of Pythias, in which connection its 
seryices have been in requisition in the most 
diverse sections of the state. 

Mr. Gregory has been twice married, first in 
1884. A son, John, was born of this union, who 
at present resides in Plymouth, England, and is 
apprenticed to the brass fitter's trade. The sec- 
ond marriage of Mr. Gregory occurred in 1900. 



THO^IAS E. HART, one of the highly 
esteemed citizens of Central City, Lawrence 
county, is a native of the province of Quebec, 
Canada, where he was born on the 4th of June, 
1843, being a son of William and Elizabeth 
(Brown) Hart, who were likewise born in the 
province of Quebec. The paternal grandfather 
of the subject was Thomas Hart, who was born 
in County Sligo, Ireland, and who. was a captain 
ill the British army, in which connection he was 
sent to the dnniinion of Canada with his regi- 



ment, which was stationed in the city of Quebec. 
After retiring from the military service he pur- 
chased a farm fifteen miles out from the city, and 
there passed the remainder of his long and use- 
ful life, having served for more than twenty 
years in the English army and having partici- 
pated in a number of wars in which his country 
was involved. The father of our subject con- 
tinued to reside in his native province until 1859, 
when he removed with his family to Cleveland, 
Ohio, where he engaged in the fur business, and 
there he and his devoted wife passed the 
residue of their lives, honored by all who knew 
them. They had four sons and three daughters, 
of whom three of the former and all of the latter 
are living at the time of this writing. 

Thomas B. Hart, the immediate subject of 
this review,* secured his educational discipline in 
the excellent schools of his home province, and 
was about sixteen years of age at the time of 
the family removal to Ohio. There he secured a 
position in car shops in the city of Cleveland, 
where he developed much mechanical skill, and 
thereafter he assisted in the putting in of trestle 
work for the Atlantic & Great Western Railroad, 
while later he entered the employ of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company, with which great cor- 
poration he continued until iS/'i, in }vlarch of 
which year he set forth to seek his fortunes in 
the Black Hills. From Cheyenne, Wyoming, he 
came by team to his destination, in company with 
others, arriving in Deadwood on the 22d of May. 
They encountered no trouble with the Indians, 
though two days previously to their crossing Hat 
creek two men had been killed by the savages at 
that point. Mr. Hart at once turned his attention 
tr prospecting in the vicinity of Deadwood, but 
his success was of a negative character and after 
three months he entered the employ of the owners 
of the Keach mine, at Central Citw A few 
months later he went to work on the Father De- 
Sniet property, and there continued imtil the 
mine was sold to a California company, in Decem- 
ber, 1877, when he secured service with the 
new owners and remained with them until 1881, 
when the Homestake Mining Company pur- 
chased the property, which tlic\' still own and 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



continue to develop. With this weU-known com- 
pany Mr. Hart was employed until May lo, 
1886. when he engaged in contracting at the car- 
bonate camps, being fairly successful. A few 
months later he again turned his attention to 
prosjiecting. in company with Eli T. Forrester. 
They relocated the Bingham mine, one mile west 
of Central City, and forthwith instituted the work 
of development, running tunnels and openings up 
the ledge, which is now one hundred and eighty- 
four feet in width. They sunk a shaft to the depth 
of one hundred feet and placed the property in 
good working condition. In 1 901 they sold the 
property to the firm of Mayhem & Stevenson, and 
it is now known as the Hidden Fortune. In com- 
pany with Florence McCarthy, in the Golden 
Rule properties, in Rudebaker Gulch, one mile 
directly west of the town of Lead, Mr. Hart ran 
three tunnels, one of sixty-five feet, another of 
one hundred and twenty feet and the third of 
seventy-five feet, after which they made a cross- 
cut of the lead. In iqoi thev sold this property 
to the Pennsylvania Mining Company and the 
pro]ierty is now being worked by that company. 
In the handling of these properties Mr. Hart has 
been very successful and he is known as one of 
the reliable and progressive mining men of the 
section and as one of the representative citizens 
of Central City, where he owns an attractive 
residence. In politics he is arrayed with the 
Democratic party. 

On the 14th of January, 1867, Mr. Hart was 
married to ]\Iiss Margaret jMulreedy, who was 
born in Ireland, whence she accompanied her 
parents on their emigration to America when a 
child, the family locating in Mansfield, Ohio, 
where she was reared and educated. Of this 
union have been born five children, concerning 
whom we incorporate the following brief record : 
James, who married Miss Earl Brown, is a 
resident of Butte, Montana ; Thomas is in the 
employ of the Homestake Mining Company, and 
resides in Lead City ; John, who married Miss 
Louise Lj'ons, is a resident of the city of Port- 
land, Oregon ; William is in Nome, Alaska : and 
Eugene is a student in the Gertrude House in 
the city of Chicago. 



M.\TT PLl'NKETT, who has been 
identified with the mining industry in the Black 
Hills for more than a quarter of a century, and 
now maintains his home in Central City,' Law- 
rence county, was born in the parish of St. Syl- 
vester, province of Quebec, Canada, twenty- 
eight miles southeast of the city of Quebec, on 
the nth of November, 1850, and comes of stanch 
old Irish stock. His parents, James and Mary 
( McKelvie ) Plunkett. were born and reared in 
the north of Ireland, while their marriage was 
solemnized in Canada. .\s a comparatively 
young man James Plunkett came with his 
widowed mother to America and settled in the 
parish of St. Sylvester, where he engaged in 
farming until about 1865, when he disposed of 
his interests there and removed to the city of 
Alpena, Michigan, on the shore of Lake Huron, 
where both he and his wife passed the remainder 
of their lives. He was well advanced in years at 
the time of this removal and lived practically re- 
tired thereafter until his life's labors were 
ended. He and his wife were members of the 
Catholic church and were folk of sterling char- 
acter. Of their nine children eight are living 
at the time of this writing. 

?ilatt Plunkett passed his school days in his 
native parish and after the removal of the family 
to Michigan he identified himself with the great 
lumbering industry in that state, while later he 
was similarly employed in W'isconsin. In 1877 
he came to the Black Hills, by the way of Bis- 
marck, having no trouble with the Indians while 
enroute, and he arrived and settled in Golden 
Gate, adjoining Central City, in December. He 
devoted the first year to prospecting, and has lo- 
cated a number of valuable properties, some of 
which are now yielding large returns. At the 
head of Nevada Gulch, in July, 1878, in partner- 
ship with John McVain and Dave Arno, he 
located the .Signet and Black Moon lodes, which 
they to a certain extent developed. Our sub- 
ject retained an interest in this property until 
1902, when it was sold to the Horseshoe ]\Iining 
Company, the lodes being a low-grade ore and 
well ada]rted to reclamation by the cyanide pro- 
cess. In 1896 Mr. Plunkett and his partner. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Charles F. Abbott, located the Metallic Streak 
( I to 6, inclusive), on which they did consider- 
able development, having some of the ore treated, 
and in- 1890 they sold the property to the Spear- 
fish Mining & Milling Company, who are now 
working the same very successfully. Mr. 
riunkett has at the j)rescnt time a number of 
interests in patented and unpatented mining 
lands, and some of these properties are promis- 
ing prospects. In 1896 Mr. Plunkett was elected 
sherifif of Lawrence county, on the Fusion ticket, 
and was re-elected in 1898. He had all the stir- 
ring experiences which usually come to a sheriff 
in a mining district, but his administration was 
characterized by directness of action, alertness 
nnd vigilance and by great personal courage and 
self-reliance, so that he gained a high reputation 
as a capable and discriminating officer. He now 
devotes his attention principally to mining. In 
politics he is a Bryan Democrat and he has been 
a member of the Miners' Union of Central City 
since 1878, and has held an office in the same at 
various times. 

At Central City, on the ist of August, 1882, 
Mr. Plunkett was united in marriage to Miss 
^Margaret Cunningham, who was born in County 
Sligo, Ireland, whence she came with relatives 
to America in 1880, while she came to the Black 
Hills with her sister, Mrs. Herman Carroll. Of 
this union have been born five children, namely : 
James Joseph, who remains at the parental home 
and who is working in the DeSmet Mill ; Mary 
Ellen, who is attending the public schools ; 
]\Iatthew J., who is attending school; William, 
who died at the age of one month, and ]\Iargaret 
Pearl, a winsome little lass of nine vears (1904). 



EDWARD HEMMINGER, one of the rep- 
resentative citizens of Oiarles Mix county, con- 
ducting a successful mercantile business in the 
village of Jasper, was born in Somerset county, 
Pennsylvania, on the 9th of November, 1855, 
Lieing a son of Jonas and Susan (Shawley) Hem- 
minger, of whose thirteen children ten are living 
at the present time, the parents having likewise 
lieen natives of the old Keystone state, where 



they passed their entire lives, the father having 
been a farmer by vocation and a man of 
prominence and sterling character. 

The subject of this sketch received his edu- 
cational training in the public schools, continu- 
ing his studies until he had attained the age of 
eighteen years and in the meanwhile assisting in 
the work of the home farm. After leaving school 
he came west to Iowa, where he was for a time 
employed as a farm hand, eventually becoming 
the owner of a farm in Crawford county, that 
state, where he was quite successful in his opera- 
tions. He remained in Iowa about eleven years, 
I at the expiration of which, in 1883, he came to 
what is now the state of South Dakota and took 
[ up a homestead claim of one hundred and sixty 
j acres, in Giarles Mix county, where he also se- 
j cured three hundred and twenty acres by pre- 
emption, the land being located near the present 
village of Jasper. He continued to be actively 
engaged in farming and stock growing until 
1899, when he took up his residence in Jasper and 
here established himself in the general merchan- 
dise business, in which he has since successfully 
continued, being known as an enterprising and 
reliable business man and gaining a represent- 
ative patronage. He was appointed postmaster 
at Jasper and has remained consecutively in 
tenure of this position, the office being located in 
his well-equipped store. 

In politics he gives a stanch support to the 
Republican party and is one of its wheelhorses in 
his community, while both he and his wife are 
members of the jMethodist Episcopal church. He 
has served for a number of years as treasurer of 
the 'school board and manifests a lively interest 
in all that makes for the well-being of the com- 
munity. He still retains possession of his fine 
farm of six hundred acres, which he rents, the 
land being now worth from twenty-five to forty 
dollars an acre, while at the time of his arrival 
in the county it could be purchased for a few 
dollars an acre, — in fact was subject to home- 
stead and pre-emption entry. In the summer of 
1903 Mr. Hemminger and his family, in com- 
pany with John E. C. ^^'ilson and family, made 
an extended tour through the Yellowstone Na- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA, 



tional Park and other portions of the northwest, 
as well as of California, the outinj^ proving- a 
most enjoyable one. 

On the 30th of January. 1879. I\Ir. Hem- 
minger was united in marriage to Miss Minerva 
Ellen Scott, who was born in Illinois, while their 
marriage was solemnized in Indianola. Iowa, of 
which state she was a resident at the time. Of 
this union were born five children, of whom only 
one is living, — Edith, who will complete her edu- 
cation in Alitchell University and who still re- 
mains at the parental home, being one of the 
popular young ladies of the town and county. 



JAMES C. NELSOX, of Yankton county, 
was born in Denmark, August 30, 1868, and is 
a son of Nels and Julia (Anderson) Olsen, who 
came to this country when their son James was 
only about five years of age. On the 4th of July, 
twenty-nine years ago, they arrived in Yankton 
county and the father purchased one hundred and 
sixty acres of land near Tabor, investing the 
money which he had brought with him from his 
native country. In the family were nine children, 
namely : Ola. John, Dora, Qiristina. Cecelia, 
Fred, James, Andrew and Helena. Of this 
number Andrew is now deceased. The parents 
are both living, their home being now in Yank- 
ton. Mr. Olsen has now retired from active 
business and enjoys the fruits of his former toil. 
He has reached the age of seventy-five and his 
wife is now seventy-one years of age. Thev 
celebrated their golden wedding anniversary in 
the summer of 1903, and although now well ad- 
vanced in years both are enjoying good health.. 

In the public schools of South Dakota James 
C. Nelson was educated, therein continuing his 
studies until he reached the age of sixteen. He 
afterward, however, became a student in Yankton 
College, where he remained for two years and 
thus with a liberal mental discipline he was well 
pre]iared for the active afifairs of life. Upon 
leaving college he turned his attention to farming 
in connection with his brother Andrew, who is 
now deceased. 

In October, 1897, Mr. Nelson was united in 



marriage to Miss Jennie Burton and they have 
become the parents of three children : Bessie, 
Robert and Edith, all of whom are at home. The 
farm property of the subject comprises three 
hundred and sixty acres of land, a part of which 
is under cultivation, while the remainder is used 
for pasturage purposes. He raises considerable 
stock, having now one hundred head of cattle 
ready for the Chicago market. In his business 
afifairs he is active and honorable and whatever 
he undertakes he carries forward to successful 
completion. About eight years ago he planted a 
number of apple trees and now has a good orch- 
ard. In public afifairs he is energetic and his 
labors have been of marked benefit along many 
line of progress. He has been a member of the 
school board for three terms of six vears and 
has been assessor for seven or eight years. In 
politics he is a Republican, recognized as one of 
the active workers for the success of his partv. 
yet he has never been an aspirant for office nor 
sought official preferment as a reward for his 
party fealty. 



JOSEPH HEJL is a native of Bohemia, born 
in the year 1847. He spent his youth in that 
country and then sought a home in America, be- 
lieving that he might find better opportunities in 
this country. Accordinglv, he left his native land 
in 1868 and when the ocean voyage was com- 
pleted he proceeded across the country to Ohio, 
where he spent one year. He then went to Iowa, 
where he engaged in farming for a year. 

In 1873 ^^^i"- Hejl was united in marriage to 
Miss Katherine Petrick and unto them have been 
born nine children, six daughters and three sons : 
Mary, Annie, Frances, Josephine, Katie. Stella, 
Joe, Frank and Mattie. The family circle yet 
remains unbroken by the hand of death and tlie 
children are still with their parents. Thev have 
been educated in the English schools and have 
thus been well equipped for meeting the respon- 
sible duties of life. 

In 1871 3.1r. Hejl arrived in Yankton county 
and has since carried on general farming here. 
He not only cultivates his fields, but also is 



I030 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



engaged in the raising of cattle of good grades. 
As the years have gone by he has prospered in 
his work because he has labored earnestly from 
early morning until evening, throughout the busy 
season of the year. He has also manifested 
sound judgment in the control of his business 
affairs and because of his industry and persever- 
ance he has won success, being today the owner 
of six hundred acres of very valuable land. He 
has set up all of the trees upon his place and in 
fact has made all of the improvements. He lived 
here during the time of the grasshopper scourge, 
when the insects descended in such numbers upon 
his farm that they ate every particle of vegetation 
there. Other discouragements have had to be 
met and difficulties have had to be borne, but 
with characteristic energy ]\lr. Hejl has worked 
on year after year and is now one of the prosper- 
ous farmers of this community. In 1890 he 
erected a good brick residence upon his place and 
has made other substantial and modern improve- 
ments, — in fact, his fine farm is a monument to 
his life of industry and thrift. He deserves great 
credit for what he has accomplished and his life 
should inspire and encourage others who hive to 
begin as he did, without capital. 



JOSEPH J. NED\:ED, of Yankton county, 
was born in Bohemia on the 3d of January, 1849, 
and is the eldest son of Frank and Veronica 
{ .Stadnik) Nedved. At the usual age he entered 
the public schools of his native country and 
therein continued his studies until he reached the 
age of fourteen. He afterward worked upon his 
father's farm until he was sixteen years of age, 
when he began an apprenticeship at the butcher's 
trade, following that calling for two years. When 
he was a young man of eighteen years his father 
decided to sell the property in Bohemia and took 
up his abode in the land of freedom. Accord- 
ingly the subject came with the family and lived 
first in Cleveland. Ohio, where he was employed 
for three years. During a part of that time he 
worked as a railroad hand and the remainder of 
the period was devoted by him to the mastery of 
the cooper's trade. When twenty-one years of 



age he came to Yankton county. South Dakota, 
and assisted his father in the development and 
improvement of the home farm for about three 
years. 

It was on the 25th of March, 1872, when 
twenty-three years of age. that Joseph J. Nedved 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary Peterka, 
who was born in Bohemia and came to Dakota 
with her parents. Five children graced this 
marriage : Annie, who is now the wife of Frank 
Bartos, a resident farmer and miller of Tabor, 
Bon Homme county ; Charles, who is now twenty- 
eight years of age and assists in the operation 
and management of the home farm ; Mattie, who 
has departed this life: and Joseph and Frank, 
who are yet under the parental roof. 

About 1 87 1 Mr. Nedved pre-empted one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land, which he afterward 
traded for a homestead and suljsequently he 
bought one hundred and twenty acres, adjoining 
his second property. He now owns four hun- 
dred and forty acres, but intends to give a quarter 
section of this to his son Qiarles. Since coming 
to Dakota he has been identified with agricultural 
interests, which is the chief source of wealth to 
the state, the broad prairies of this locality fur- 
nishing splendid opportunity to the farmer and 
stock raiser. ]\fuch of l\Ir. Nedved's land is 
under cultivation and the fields produce good 
crops. He is, however, also extensively engaged 
in the raising of stock and finds this department 
of his business a profitable source of income. In- 
dependent in political views, he votes for the can- 
didates whom he thinks will prove most capable 
and efficient officials. He has served as school 
director for three years and as school clerk for 
about one year. Socially he is connected with 
the Z. C. B. J., a Bohemian society. He has ever 
discharged his duties with marked ability and 
fairness, for he is a most loyal, public-spirited 
citizen. 



LUTHER E. GAGE, a representative citizen 
and business man of McCook county and vice- 
president of the Security .State Bank of Mont- 
rose, was born in New York on the 27th of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



103 1 



July, 1861, and is a son of Eng^ene S. and Elvira 
(Hazelton) Gage, representatives of old and 
honored families of the Empire state, where they 
were both born and reared. They now reside 
in Montrose, South Dakota, where they have 
made their home since 1880. The father of the 
suliject was for many years engaged actively in 
farming and stock raising, but is now living prac- 
tically retired. Of the eight children in the 
famil)- all are living except one. the names, in 
order of birth, being as follows : Ellen, Luther 
E.. Frank, Matilda, Gertrude, Earl. Orin and 
Smith, the last named being deceased. When the 
subject was yet a youth, his parents came to the 
west and located in Grundy county, Iowa, where 
his father .was engaged in farming until his re- 
n:oval to South Dakota. The subject secured his 
educational discipline in the public schools of 
Iowa, and after leaving school he continued to 
gi\e his attention to the great basic art of agri- 
cidture, to which he has ever since given his al- 
legiance, appreciating the fact that it is a proud 
distinction to be termed a successful farmer. In 
the spring of. 1879, at the age of eighteen years, 
]\Ir. Gage came to what is now the state of 
South Dakota and settled in Clear Lake township, 
^Hnnehaha county, where he entered claim to 
one hundred and sixty acres of government land, 
perfecting his title in due time and there con- 
tinuing to reside until 1892, when he came to 
r\IcCook county, where he engaged in farming 
and stock raising, eventually "becoming the owner 
of a finely improved, landed estate of four hun- 
dred and eighty acres, which he still retains in his 
possession and to whose operations he still gives 
a general supervision. He has given special at- 
tention to the raising of high-grade cattle, and 
upon his ranch are usually to be found about five 
hundred head. In 1893, ^^^- Gage engaged in 
the general merchandise business in Montrose, 
conducting this enterprise in addition to his 
ranching business, and he continued the same 
successfully for a period of two years, at the 
expiration of which he disposed of his interests 
in the line. 

In ]\Iarch, 1897. Mr. Gage became associated 
with P. Ci. Williams, a leading business man of 



Montrose, in the conducting of an agricultural 
implement and real-estate business until the 
spring of 1902, when the Security State Bank 
was organized and opened for business on the 
9th day of March of that year. They own the 
controlling stock in the bank, and the reputation 
which they bear in this section stands as ample 
voucher for the reliability and solidity of the in- 
stitution and gives assurance of a representative 
popular support. Mr. Williams is president of 
the bank and the subject is vice-president, while 
L. S. Lillibridge is in active charge of the count- 
ing room in the capacity of cashier. Mr. Gage 
is, in politics, a stanch supporter of the principles 
of the Republican party, but has never sought or 
held public office of any description. His wife 
is a Baptist. Fraternally, he is affiliated with the 
Masonic order, in which he has passed the de- 
grees of the blue lodge, and is also affiliated with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

On the 23d of May, 1881, Mr. Gage was 
united in marriage to Miss Ana Williams, of 
this county. She was born and reared in Wis- 
consin and is a daughter of William and Mary 
Williams, who are now residents of Minnehaha 
county, this state. Mr. and Mrs. Gage have 
six children, namely: Roy, Nona, Allen. William. 
Irene and Clyde. Roy and Allen are students in 
the high school at Sioux Falls at the time of 
this writing, the former being a graduate of the 
class of 1903 and the latter will graduate with 
the class of 1904. 



DEL:M0NT GOLDSMITH, who was the 
founder of the Commercial State Bank of Salem, 
McCook county, and who has been president of 
the institution from the time of its inception, 
was born in Webster City, Hamilton county, 
Iowa, on the 30th of August, 1871, and is a son 
of Qiarles D. and Delia (Borland) Goldsmith, 
the former of whom is still living, the mother 
having died in 1882. The father of the subject 
was a prominent and honored member of the 
bar of the Hawkeye state, where he was activelv 
engaged in the practice of his profession for 
many \-ears, while for four vears he served as 



I032 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



district judge, making a most enviable record on 
the bench. 

When the subject was ten years of age his 
parents removed to Sac City, Sac county, Iowa, 
and in the public schools of that place he secured 
his early educational training, after which he was 
for one year a student in the Rohbaugh Commer- 
cial College, in the city of Omaha, Nebraska, 
where he completed a thorough business course 
and ably equipped himself for the active duties of 
life. After leaving school he became assistant 
cashier of the First National Bank of Sac City, 
retaining this position three years and tlien com- 
ing to McCook county. South Dakota, in 1893. 
Shortly after his arrival he effected the organiza- 
tion of the Commercial State Bank of Salem, 
over whose affairs he has since presided as chief 
executive, while under his management the in- 
stitution 'has been ably conducted and signally 
prospered, having ample capitalistic reinforce- 
ment and being one of the solid banking houses 
of the state. The bank was opened for business 
on the 1st of July, 1893, and the attractive and 
substantial bank building, of modern design and 
equipment, was erected by Mr. Goldsmith for the 
purpose to which it is now applied. In politics 
Mr. Goldsmith is an uncompromising adherent 
of the Democratic party, and fraternally lie is 
identified with the blue lodge and chapter of the 
?\lasonic fraternity. 

On the 23d of October, 1895, Mr. Goldsmith 
was united in marriage to Miss Lucile Schneider, 
of Salem, South Dakota, she being a sister of 
L. \\. J. F. and H. W. Schneider, leading 
merchants of Salem. J^Irs. Goldsmith was born 
in Huston county, Minnesota, being a daughter 
of Joseph and Frances Schiifider, and she was 
reared and educated in Salem, South Dakota. 



JOSEPH rOXSFC^RD, who is the owner 
of an extensive and valuable landed estate in 
Buffalo and Jerauld counties, comes of stanch 
English lineage and is a native of the beautiful 
old city of St. John, province of New Bruns- 
wick, Canada, where he was born on the 19th 
of January, 1840, being a son of \^'alter F. and 



Elizabeth (Henderson) Ponsford, both of whom 
died there, the father having been a shipbuilder 
b}' vocation. They became the parents of five 
children, of whom three are living. The subject 
of this sketch attended the excellent schools of 
his native city until he had attained the age of 
sixteen years, when he set forth to face the stern 
battle of life on his own responsibility. He lo- 
cated in Racine, Wisconsin, where he remained 
two years, engaged in work at the carpenter 
trade, and becoming a skilled artisan in the line. 
At the expiration of the period noted he removed 
to Waterloo, Iowa, where he followed the voca- 
tion of contracting and building until 1883. It 
should be noted that after the close of the war of 
the Rebellion Mr. Ponsford enlisted for service, 
serving in the quartermaster's department from 
1865 to 1867, within which time he was in 
Dakota, with, the forces under command of Gen- 
eral Sully. 

In April, 1883, Mr. Ponsford came to Jerauld 
county. South Dakota, where he took up three 
hundred and twenty acres of government land, 
in Crow township, and forthwith instituted the 
reclamation and improvement of the property. 
As success attended his energetic and well-di- 
rected efforts he manifested his faith in the value 
of South Dakota property by adding to the area 
of his landed estate, which now comprises four- 
teen hundred and forty acres of exceptionally fine 
agricultural and grazing land. He is engaged in 
the raising of cattle and other live stock upon an 
extensive scale and is one of the most substantial 
ranchmen of this favored spction of the state. 
He came to Dakota a poor man, and it is gratify- 
ing to note the fact that by energetic and well- 
directed endeavor in connection with the de- 
velopment of the magnificent natural resources 
of the state he has attained a most unqualified 
success in temporal affairs, his estate being now 
valued at about fifty thousand dollars. 

He was prominently identified with the or- 
ganization of Jerauld county and has ever mani- 
fested an insistent and helpful public spirit. He 
is a stanch advocate of the principles and policies 
of the Republican party, and though he has been 
urged to accept nomination for various county 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



offices he has invariably refused to permit the 
use of his name in such connection. Fraternally, 
he is identified with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. Mrs. Ponsford is a communicant 
of the Protestant Episcopal church, and in this 
faith, the subject also was reared. 

On the 2d of May, 1867, Mr. Ponsford was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Dunham, of 
St. John, New Brunswick, who was born and 
reared in St. John, being a daughter of Joseph 
O. and Elizabeth Dunham. 



JESSE B. INGERSON, the present able 
and popular incumbent of the office of county 
auditor of Buffalo county, was born in St. Law- 
rence, New York, on the 13th of June, 1864, and 
is a son of Lewis and Maria (Baraclough) Inger- 
son, the former of whom is still living, while the 
mother is dead. They became the parents of five 
children, of whom the subject was the third in 
order of birth, while four of the number are 
living at the time of this writing. The father of 
the subject was a farmer by vocation and both 
he and his wife were represeutatlves of families 
long and honorably identified with the annals of 
American history. Jesse B. Tngerson was ten- 
dered such educational advantages as were af- 
forded by the public schools of his native state 
and was reared under the invigorating discipline 
of the homestead farm. At the age of sixteen 
years he left the parental roof to become depend- 
ent upon his own resources. He was principally 
engaged in farming in New York state until 
1883. when, at the age of nineteen years, he 
came to South Dakota, which was then a portion 
of the great integral territory of Dakota, and 
settled in Buffalo county, where he took up gov- 
ernment land and set himself vigorously to the 
work of reclaiming and improving the same. 
That he has been successful is best shown in the 
fact that he is now the owner of a fine landed 
estate of about one thousand acres, a consider- 
able portion of which is devoted to the raising 
of grain, while the balance is utilized in connec- 
tion with the raising of live stock, to which in- 
dustry he has given special attention, carrying on 



the enterprise upon an extensive scale and also 
being a successful dealer in and shipper of 
.stock. 

Mr. Ingerson is a stalwart Republican in his 
political proclivities, and in the fall of 1902 he 
was elected county auditor, assuming his official 
duties on the 6th of March, 1903, and having 
thus taken up his residence in Gann Valley, the 
attractive county seat. He still gives a general 
supervision to his ranch, but the county is for- 
tunate in having secured his services in an office 
for which he is so distinctively eligible. Frater- 
nally, he is identified with the Modem Woodmen 
of America. 

On the 17th of September, i8go, Mr. Inger- 
son led to the hymeneal altar Miss Anna Miller, 
who was born and reared in South Dakota, being 
a daughter of A. W. Miller, a prominent and 
honored resident of Buffalo county, this state. 
jNIr. and Mrs. Ingerson have five children, all of 
whom remain beneath the home roof, namely : 
Mvrtle, Laura, Pearl.. Jesse and Flaurence. 



THE GARDNER BROTHERS are num- 
bered among the representative business men of 
Hand county, where they have resided since the 
pioneer epoch in its history, and they are now 
prominently engaged in the general merchandise 
business in the attractive village of Ree Heights. 

F. R. Gardner was born in Licking county, 
Ohio, on the 9th of May, 1856, and W. T. 
Gardner, the junior member of the firm, was born 
in La Salle county, Illinois, on the 8th of June, 
1S58. They are sons of Gilson and Margaret 
(Humphrey) Gardner, five of whose children are 
living at the present time. The father of the 
subject devoted the major portion of his active 
life to agricultural pursuits, and his wife died in 
the state of Iowa in 1892. F. R. Gardner re- 
ceived his early educational training in the public 
schools of Iowa, and later continued his studies 
in the Iowa State Normal School at Cedar Falls, 
where he was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1880. He had previously completed a course 
in the high school, and thereafter was for three 
years successfully engaged in teaching in the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



public schools of Chickasaw and Boone counties, 
Iowa. In 1884 he came to Hand county. South 
Dakota, where his brother W. T. had previously 
located, and since that time they have been 
closely associated in their business enterprises. 
They here engaged in the ranch and live-stock 
business, to which they continued to give their 
attention until 1892, when they established their 
present general merchandise business in Ree 
Heights, where they have built up a large and 
prosperous trade, which is drawn from the wide 
radius of country normally tributary to the town. 
They carry a large and complete stock in each of 
the several departments and by their correct busi- 
ness methods and manifest integrity of pur- 
pose have gained and retained the unqualified 
confidence and esteem of the community. The 
firm is also associated with another brother, New- 
man A., in the ownership of the Orient State 
Bank, of Orient, South Dakota, which was 
opened for business in September, 1903, and 
which has met with a most gratifying popular 
support from the time of its inception. The 
brothers are the owners of about fourteen hun- 
dred acres of land in the county and have here 
attained a high degree of success through their 
well-directed endeavors. They are uncompromis- 
ing Republicans in their political proclivities, and 
their religious faith is that of the Congregational 
church. 

On the 2d of December, 1886, was solemnized 
the marriage of F. R. Gardner to Miss Kate M. 
Wetherell, of Janesville, Iowa, and they have 
three children, Charles W., Hugh H. and Mar- 
ger}-. Fraternally Mr. Gardner is a member of 
the Modern Woodmen of America. 

W. T. Gardner, like his brother, was reared 
to the sturdy and invigorating discipline of the 
farm, and after completing the curriculum of 
the public schools he continued to be identified 
with agricultural pursuits in Black Hawk county, 
Iowa, until 1881, when he came as a pioneer to 
what is now the state of S^uth Dakota. He 
settled first in Aurora county, where he took up 
land and remained thereon for two years, at the 
expiration of which he came to Hand county and 
cvcntualh- became extensively engaged in the 



ranching and stock-raising business with his 
brother, as has already been noted in this sketch. 
He first secured in this county a tract of one 
hundred and sixty acres of land, in Spring Hills 
township, vidiile the extensive holdings of the 
brothers in this section now aggregate, as noted, 
nearly fourteen hundred acres. The property is 
well improved and figures as an asset which is 
constantly appreciated in value. 

On the 15th of April, 1895, ^^^ T. Gardner 
was united in marriage to Miss Anna \Miarton, 
who was born in Iowa and reared in Hand 
coimty. South Dakota, and of this union has been 
born one son, Henrv. 



JACOB ENGEBRETSEN HOLTER. num- 
bered among the prosperous farmers of Lincoln 
county, is a native of Norway, where he was 
born on the 24th of June, 1837, and having been 
reared and educated in the fair land of his na- 
tivity, where his father was for many years en- 
gaged in a lumber business, making extensive 
shipments to foreign ports and being a man of 
sterling worth. Both he and his wife passed 
their entire lives in Norway, and of their children 
five are living at the present time, while of the 
number four are residents of the United States. 

The subject of this sketch remained in his na- 
tive land until he had attained the age of twenty- 
eight years, having received excellent educa- 
tional advantages, going through Den Norske 
.\rtillery Brigade's Underofficers' Skole, and hav- 
ing rendered effective service in the Norwegian 
army for a period of seven years. In 1865 he 
came to America, landing in Quebec, and thence 
making his way westward to Chicago, his finan- 
cial resources upon his arrival in the future west- 
ern metropolis being represented in a twenty- 
dollar gold piece, which he exchanged for green- 
backs, receiving one and one-half dollars for each 
dollar of gold. He was variously employed until 
1868, when he came to the great territory of 
T)akota as a pioneer, locating in what is now 
Lincoln county and taking up a homestead claim 
of one hundred and sixty acres, in the immediate 
vicinity of the i)resent thriving city of Canton. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1035 



He was one of the earliest settlers in this locality, 
and in the pioneer days had to endure the hard- 
ships and vicissitudes incidental to establishing 
a home on the frontier, neighbors being few and 
far removed from one another, while the hostile 
Indians were a constant menace to life and prop- 
erty. He erected his rude and primitive dwelling 
and earnestly set himself to the task of subduing 
the virgin prairie to cultivation, and though he 
met with misfortunes, through the scourge of 
grasshoppers and by reason of unfavorable sea- 
sons, he maintained a sturdy courage and in- 
domitable perseverance, and has not been denied 
his just rewards, since he is now- the owner of 
a finely improved and valuable farm of three 
hundred and sixty acres, the greater portion of 
w hich is under effective cultivation. On his farm 
he set out the fine trees and orchard which now 
adorn the place, while all the permanent im- 
provements are of excellent type and have been 
made by himself, he being a carpentej- as well as 
farmer. He devotes his attention to diversified 
agriculture and stock growing and is one of the 
influential and highly honored pioneers of the 
county. In politics he gives his support to the 
Populist party, and has been active in the pro- 
motion of its cause, while the esteem in which he 
is held in the community is shown in the fact that 
lie has been called upon to serve in various offices 
of local trust. He has almost constantly been a 
member of the school board of his district, is now 
serving his sixth term as treasurer of Canton 
township, and was incumbent of the office of 
county commissioner from 1870 to 1872, in- 
clusive. In 1869 he erected the first frame house 
in Canton for J. O. Fitzgerald and at all times 
he has shown that progressive spirit which has 
typified the sterling pioneers of the state, whose 
advancement and great prosperity have been ad- 
vanced through their efforts. In religion he is 
very liberal. He admits the supremacy of natural 
law and rejects orthodoxy. He is a strong mor- 
alist and a member of the Norwegian Lutheran 
church. 

On the 23d of December. 1872, Mr. Holter 
was united in marriage to Miss Helga Thor- 
steinson, who was born in Xorwav and who was 



a resident of Lincoln county, this state, at the 
time of her marriage. Of this union have been 
born eight children, five of whom are living, 
namelv : Engebret, Thorstein, Carl, Emma and 
Clara. 



FRANK W. DRAKE, one of the prosperous 
and honored farmers of Moody county, claims 
the old Granite state as -the place of his nativity, 
since he was born in Merrimack county, New 
Hampshire, on the 30th of December, 1841. He 
is a son of W. H. and Betsy (Glines) Drake, 
both of whom were born and reared in New 
Hampshire, where the father was a prosperous 
farmer. In his family were eleven children, and 
nine of the number are still living. He died in 
1892, when well advanced in years, and his wife 
is still living, both having been zealous and active 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
while in politics he was originally a Whig and 
later a Republican. 

In 1856, at the age of fifteen years, the sub- 
ject of this sketch accompanied his parents on 
their removal to the state of Iowa, the family thus 
becoming numbered with the pioneers of that 
commonwealth, where he was reared to maturity 
under the sturdy discipline of the home farm, 
while his educational advantages were those 
afforded by the common schools. On the i6th 
of August, 1862, 'Sir. Drake tendered his services 
in defense of the LInion, enlisting as a private in 
Company K, Twenty-seventh Iowa Volunteer 
Infantry, with which he rendered valiant and 
faithful service until the, close of the war, when 
he received his honorable discharge. His com- 
mand became a part of the Army of the West and 
he thus was an active participant in the battles 
of Nashville, Mobile and Pleasant Hill, besides 
others of importance, and also took part in the 
Red river campaign under General Banks. 

After the close of his military service Mr. 
Drake returned to his home in Mitchell county, 
Iowa, where he continued to be actively engaged 
in agricultural pursuits until 1880. when he dis- 
posed of his interests there and came to Moody 
county. South Dakota, where he filed on home- 



1036 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



stead and timber claims and forthwith inaugu- 
rated the improvement and cultivation of the land, 
which had never been furrowed by the plowshare 
at the time he secured the property from the gov- 
ernment. He now has a fine estate of three 
hundred and twenty acres, two-thirds of which 
are under a high state of cultivation and pro- 
ductivity, while the improvements are such as 
indicate the progressive ideas and good judg- 
ment of the owner. In addition to diversified 
agriculture, in the propagation of the various 
cereals best adapted to the soil and climate, Mr. 
Drake also gives not a little attention to the rais- 
ing of an excellent grade of live stock. His po- 
litical allegiance is given to the Republican party, 
and he has been called upon to fill various offices 
of local trust, having served for six years as 
justice of the peace and for twelve years as an 
officer of his school district. 

On the 30th of December, 1873, Mr. Drake 
was united in marriage to }iliss Sarah ]\Ionhol- 
land, who was born and reared in Wisconsin, 
being a daughter of John and Lucind (Burring- 
ton) Monholland. Her father was a painter by 
trade and vocation and was employed in this line 
in Wisconsin and later in California, where both 
he and his wife died. Mr. and Mrs. Drake have 
four children : Carrie is the wife of Frederick 
Bergstresser, of Wentworth, Lake county, this 
state; Jennie is the wife of Grant Dockstader, a 
farmer near Dell Rapids ; Hilord H. has the gen- 
eral charge of the homestead farm ; and Fair also 
remains beneath the parental roof, the children 
having been given good educational advantages. 



OLAUS E. HOLTER, one of the well- 
known and prosperous farmers of Lincoln 
county, is a native of Norway, where he was 
born on the 29th of March, 1840, and he is a son 
of Engebret and Carrie (Olson) Holter, both of 
whom passed their entire lives in Norway, where 
the father was long and prominently identified 
with the lumber business. The subject of this 
sketch was reared and educated in his native 
land, and after he attained years of maturity he 
there devoted his attention to lumber work until 



his emigration to America. Prior to this radical 
change he was married, in 1864, to Aliss Maren 
Axelson, a native of the same locality, and she 
has proved to him a true helpmeet and ma- 
terially aided him in the winning of independ- 
ence and definite success. It may be stated at 
this point that they have six children, and in the 
connection we are pleased to enter a brief record 
concerning them : Lizzie, who has been success- 
fully engaged in teaching school for the past 
ten years, is now residing in that state of Wash- 
ington; Annie is the wife of Lauritz Olson, a 
successful farmer of Lyman county. South Da- 
kota; Martin is associated with his father in the 
work of the home farm; Laura has taken up a 
claim of land in Lyman county and is residing 
on the same, in order to secure title to the prop- 
erty : Otto remains at home and assists in the 
work of the farm ; and Cora also remains be- 
neath the parental roof. 

In April, 1869, Mr. Holter left his native land 
and came with his wife to America, landing in 
New York and forthwith making his way west- 
ward to the great territory of Dakota. He set- 
tled in what is now Lincoln county, being among 
the first to take up a permanent residence here, 
while only a few dugouts marked the habitations 
of the pioneer settlers, the most of these being 
located along the course of the Sioux river. ^Ir. 
Holter took up a tract 'of government land in 
what is now Canton township, and on the same 
constructed one of the rude and primitive dug- 
outs, in which he placed his few household ef- 
fects, and he then left his devoted wife with two 
little babies in charge of the place and went to 
Sioux City to secure work, being variously em- 
ployed for some time and in the meanwhile car- 
rying forward the development and improvement 
of his farm. The passing years have not only 
shown the result of his labors but have brought 
him a full measure of prosperity. He is now 
the owner of two hundred and forty acres of 
very productive land, and nearly all is under cul- 
tivation, while he has embellished the same with 
hardy trees and good fences and buildings, his 
fine large barn having been erected in 1896. He 
gives his attention to diversified farming and 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



also raises live stock of high grade. In politics 
Mr. Holter is an independent voter, and he has 
served as a school officer of his district. 



ALFRED KOHLER, one of the progressive 
and successfnl farmers of Moody county, is a 
native of the state of Iowa, having been born on 
the homestead farm, in Fayette county, on the 
i6th of March, 1866. He is a son of Nicholas 
and Ivlary (Lang) Kohler, both born and reared 
in Switzerland. The father of the subject con- 
tinued to reside in his beloved fatherland until 
i8;4, when he 'severed the home ties and immi- 
grated to America. Soon after his arrival in 
the new world he made his way westward to 
Iowa and became one of the pioneers of Plymouth 
countv, where he has since resided, devoting his 
attention to the great basic art of agriculture and 
having gained prominence and prosperity as a 
business man and valued citizen. His devoted 
wife is still living, as are also eight of their ten 
children, the other two having died in early 
childhood. The father of our subject was a car- 
penter in his early life, having followed this 
vocation in his native land. In politics he is a 
Democrat and both he and his wife are sincere 
and consistent members of the Lutheran church. 
He is one of the wealthy farmers of Iowa, own- 
ing a valuable estate of four hundred acres. 

The subject of this sketch was reared to ma- 
turity on the homestead farm which was the 
place of his birth, and his early educational 
training was received in the excellent public 
schools for which Iowa has long been celebrated. 
He continued to assist in the work and manage- 
ment of the home farm until he had attained 
the age of twenty-four years, when he initiated 
his independent career. In 1893 he came to 
South Dakota and located in Moody county, 
where he is now the owner of nine hundred and 
sixty acres of most arable land, as has been pre- 
viously noted, and the entire tract is under ef- 
fective cultivation. Mr. Kohler is a man of ad- 
vanced ideas, and brings to bear scientific prin- 
ciples in his farm work, while he has the busi- 
ness thoroughly systematized, realizing that this 



is as essential to success in farming as in any 
other line of industrial or commercial enterprise. 
He has equipped his farm with substantial and 
attractive buildings and the place may well be 
looked upon as a model. In addition to diversified 
agriculture he also gives no little attention to the 
raising of an excellent grade of live stock. In 
politics Mr. Kohler maintains an independent at- 
titude, and he has been called upon to serve as 
township trustee and as an officer of the school 
district. 

On the loth of March, 1S89, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Kohler to Miss Matilda 
Miller, who was born and reared in Fayette 
count,v, Iowa, being a daughter of Benedict and 
Elizabeth (Islay) Miller. Mr. and :\Irs. Kohler 
have six children, namely : Otto, Pearl, Vina, 
Lester, Lvnn and Lloid. 



MICHAEL J. DOUGHERTY, one of the 
enterprising and popular young business men of 
Alount Vernon, Davison county, was bom in 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, on the 4th of 
June, 1868, and was there reared to the age of 
eight years, when, in 1876, he accompanied his 
parents on their removal to Wisconsin, the family 
locating in Waukesha county, where he received 
his educational training in the public schools, his 
father being there engaged in farming until 1880, 
when he came to what is now the state of South 
Dakota and took up his residence in Davison 
county, being the first to enter claim to govern- 
ment land in this county and being the first set- 
tler in the present thriving village of Mount 
Vernon. He and his wife still reside here, hon- 
ored pioneers, and he is sixty-six years of age at 
the time of this writing. The subject is a son of 
Michael and Mary (Flannagan) Dougherty, the 
former of whom was born in Pennsylvania and 
the latter in Ireland, and they are the parents of 
five children. They are members of the Catholic 
church, and in politics Mr. Dougherty is a stanch 
advocate of the principles of the Democratic 
party. 

Michael J. Dougherty, the immediate subject 
of this sketch, was about twelve years of age at 



I038 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the time of his parents' immigration to South 
Dakota, in the spring of 1880, and here he con- 
tinued his studies in the public schools, while he 
assisted in the development of the homestead 
fami, being identified with the great basic art of 
agriculture until 1899, when he established him- 
self in the hardware business in ]\Iount Vernon, 
where he has built up an excellent trade and is 
honored as one of the progressive and represent- 
ative citizens of the town. In politics he gives his 
allegiance to the Democratic party, and his re- 
ligious faith is that of the Catholic church, while 
fraternally he is identified with the Brotherhood 
of American Yeomen and the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. In 1901, as candidate on the 
Citizens' ticket, he was elected village clerk of 
Mount A'ernon, in which capacity he ser\-cd three 
years. 

On the 1st of November, 1899, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Dougherty to Miss 
Nellie Pollard, of Alt. A'ernon, a daughter of 
Joseph Pollard, and of this union has been born 
one son, Eugene. 



HORACE W. LeBLOND, a pioneer drug- 
gist of Chamberlain, South Dakota, and in point 
of continuous residence one of the town's oldest 
business men as well as one of the leading citizens 
of Brule county, was born June 28, 1854, in 
Celina, Ohio, and when a child of three years was 
taken by his parents on their removal to Min- 
nesota, in which state he spent his childhood and 
youth and in the public schools of which he re- 
ceived his elementary education. The discipline 
thus acquired was later supplemented by a three- 
years course in the University of ]Minnesota, 
after which he took up the study of pharmacy 
and pursued the same until becoming proficient 
in every detail of the profession. 

In 1881 Mr. LeBlond came to South Dakota 
on a prospecting tour for a location, and being 
pleased with the new town of Chamberlain and 
the advantages it afforded to young men of spirit 
and enterprise, he decided to make it his perma- 
nent place of abode. In due time he secured a 
business room and. stocking the same with a full 



line of drugs and a complete assortment of such 
other articles and sundries as are usually found 
in first-class establishments of the kind, opened 
his doors and announced himself in readiness to 
wait upon his customers. Being the only busi- 
ness house of the kind in the place, he soon com- 
manded a large and lucrative patronage and his 
career from that time to the present day, covering 
a period of over twenty-two years, presents a 
series of continued advancements, which now 
place him in the front ranks of the enterprising 
and successful men of affairs in this part of the 
state. Air. LeBlond has added largely to his 
stock in order to keep abreast of the steadily 
growing demands of the trade, and being, as al- 
ready indicated, a master of his profession and 
at the same time a most courteous and obliging 
business man whose relations wiih the public 
have always been of a pleasant and agreeable 
character, it is not at all surprising that he has 
won a warm and permanent place in the con- 
fidence and esteem of the people. 

Since locating in Chamberlain, Air. LeBlond 
has been an influefitial factor in the growth and 
development of the place and a conspicuous figure 
in its political and public affairs. Although 
a strong adherent of the Democratic party, 
he was elected in the early days of the 
town to the ofiice of city clerk, making 
the race on the Peoiiles' ticket and de- 
feating a well-known and popular competitor 
by a ver>' decisive majority. After serving one 
term with credit to himself and to the satisfaction 
of the i)ublic, he was re-elected his own successor 
on the citizens' ticket, his successful manage- 
ment of the office being his greatest recommenda- 
tion to the suffrage of the people regardless of 
party or political affiliation, his second temi fully 
justifying the support given him and adding to 
his reputation as an able and judicious and popu- 
lar public servant. 

Air. LeBlond has a beautiful and attractive 
home in Chamberlain which is presided over with 
dignity and grace by a lady of intelligence and 
varied culture who, since 1893, has worthily and 
honorably borne his name, shared his fortunes 
and successes, co-operated with him in his en- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1039 



deavors and sympathized and assisted him in all 
of his aspirations. Mrs. LeBlond before her 
marriag;e was Miss Lizzie Bridgeman and she 
was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, and moved to 
South Dakota in 1880. In his business and so- 
cial relations Mr. LeBlond has been actuated by 
the highest motives of honor and his record is 
that of a man of wide intelligence and broad 
generous sympathies, whose integrity has never 
been questioned and whose character has always 
lieen above reproach. He is a Mason of the Royal 
Arch degree, an influential member of the blue 
lodge in Chamberlain and at various times has 
been honored with high official stations in the 
different branches of the order with which he is 
identified. 



JOHN TANCIK, a prosperous agriculturist 
of Yankton county, who is living near Lesterville, 
was born in Bohemia in 1848, a son of Frank 
Anthony Jancik. There was no event of special 
importance in his early youth to vary the routine 
of life for him, but after he had attained his ma- 
jority he was married, in 1870, to Miss Tracy 
Xikodyn. Three years passed and in 1873 they 
bade adieu to friends and native land and sailed 
for the new world. They hoped to find in the 
land of freedom the business opporttmities rwhich 
were not so easily secured in the old country nor 
has Mr. Jancik been disappointed in this hope. 
Coming to South Dakota, he homesteaded two 
hundred acres and he still owns this property, all 
of which he himself fanns. He lived here at the 
time when the grasshoppers descended upon the 
country in such great numbers, when they seemed 
in the air like an immense cloud. Settling upon 
the fields, they destroyed in a few hours the crops 
which it had taken months of labor and care to 
ripen. Other hardships and trials have been met 
by Mr. Jancik, but he has with courageous spirit 
borne all these difficulties and at length has 
triumphed over the obstacles in his path to suc- 
cess so that he is now a prosperous farmer of his 
community. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Jancik were 
born ten children : Louise, who is at home: .\nnie 
and Amelia, also under the parental roof; Rosie, 



the wife of Joe Rankin, a resident farmer of 
Yankton county ; Sophia, who is employed in the 
city of Yankton ; Tina, Mary, Minnie, Emil and 
Tillic, who are also at home. 

Becoming a naturalized American citizen, 
Mr. Jancik, after informing himself concerning 
the political conditions of the country and the 
belief of the parties, allied his interests with the 
Re]nibHcan party and has since supjiorted its men 
and measures. He is a member of the 
Evangelical church and is a man of considerable 
force of character, having depended entirely 
upon his own exertions since an earlv age. While 
in Bohemia he mastered the tailor's trade and 
followed it there, but since coming to the new 
world he has carried on agricultural pursuits and 
his farming interests are now valuable. His life 
history proves how excellent are the business ad- 
vantages afforded in the United States to young 
men of energy, whose labors are not hampered 
bv social or caste conditions. , 



RASMUS BEDERSON was born in Nor- 
way on the 26th of August, 1861, being a son of 
Jorgen and Christence Pederson, who emigrated 
from the fair Norseland to America in 1867, 
locating first in Wisconsin, where they remained 
until the following year, when they came to the 
wilds of the great territory of Dakota and cast 
in their lot with the pioneers of Yankton county. 
The father of the subject took up a homestead 
claim eight miles northeast of the city of Yank- 
ton, on the James river, and here passed the re- 
mainder of his long and useful life. He de- 
veloped a fine farm and the place is now one of 
the best improved and most productive in this 
section, its area being now three hundred and 
twenty acres. He continued to reside on the 
homestead until his death, which occurred in 
Jime, 1900, and his widow is still living on the 
old farm, which has been her home for more than 
thirty-five years, her son Rasmus, subject of this 
sketch, having had charge of the farm since the 
deatli of his father. In the family of this worthy 
couple were four children, of whom two are liv- 
ing, Rasmus and Ole. 



1 040 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Rasmus Pederson grew up under the sturdy 
discipline of the homestead farm and under the 
influences of the pioneer epoch in a section which 
he has seen develop into one of the most attractive 
in the great state of South Dakota. His edu- 
cational advantages were "such as were afforded 
in the district schools, and he has lived on the 
home farm consecutively except for a period of 
about five years, — from 1883 to 1888, — during 
which he was engaged in business in the city of 
Yankton. He is an energetic and progressive 
farmer and has been successful in his efforts, 
while he holds the esteem of the community in 
which he has passed nearly his entire life. He 
gives his support to the Republican party and he 
and his wife are members of the Lutheran 
church, while fraternally he is identified with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America. 

On the 23d of October, 1888, Mr. Pederson 
was united in marriage to Miss Amanda Jane 
Emerson, who was bom in Fayette county, Penn- 
sylvania, on the 23d of March, 1866, being a 
daughter of Aquila and Ellen Emerson, who 
came to Dakota in 1884. :Mr. and Mrs. Pederson 
have three children, namely: Rena E. Christina, 
Amanda Johanna and Ralph Emorv. 



GEORGE S. RIX, the present city attorney 
of Milbank, Grant county, is a native of the state 
of Minnesota, having been born in Spring Val- 
ley, Fillmore county, on January 26, i86g, 
and is a son of Porter N. and Emma (Winters) 
Rix, the former of whom was born in Canada, 
and the latter in England. Porter N. accom- 
panied his parents on their removal to Wisconsin 
when a small boy, and he was reared to manhood 
in that state, whence, about i860, he removed to 
Fillmore county, Minnesota, where he became 
a prominent and successful farmer and stock- 
grower, devoting special attention to the raising 
of fine horses and high-grade cattle. He was one 
of a large family of boys, and nearly all of them 
have been more or less prominent in politics and 
other affairs of a public nature. 

George S. Rix was graduated in the high 



school of Spring Valley as valedictorian of the 
class of 1889. He was then matriculated in the 
law department of the University of Wisconsin, 
from which celebrated institution he was gradu- 
ated in 1891, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws, while he was simultaneously admitted to 
the bar. Upon the opening; <if t1ic Sisseton-Wah- 
peton Indian reservation, in Aiiril. 1892. he took 
up his residence on a claim near Brown's Valley, 
Minnesota, where he remained about one year, 
until the ist of January, 1893, when he came 
to Milbank. where he entered into professional 
partnership with the late John W. Bell, under 
the firm name of Bell & Rix. They were associ- 
ated in practice about one and one-half years, 
since when Mr. Rix has conihicliil ,111 individual 
practice, retaining a rt'incM iii;ui\ r rlicnta^^e and 
having gained marked iirmnl). Mr. Rix early 
developed oratorical and dialectic skill and thus 
laid an excellent foundation for comprehensive 
knowledge of parliamentary law. His first speech 
given outside the lyceum or school was made in 
the J\Iethodist Episcopal church of his native 
town on the occasion of the centennial anniver- 
sary of the inauguration of George Washington 
to the presidency, and his success was such that 
he soon found himself much in demand as a 
speaker on public occasions. He has continued 
to appear as a speaker on matters of public polity, 
political affairs, patriotic observances, etc. Dur- 
ing the campaign of 1900, while a law student, 
his services were given to the Democratic party 
at various places in Wisconsin. However, he 
became convinced that the principles for which 
the Republican party stands sponsor most nearly 
represent the highest interests of the people, and 
he signalized his conviction by transferring his 
allegiance, to the "grand old' party," in whose 
cause he has ever since been an enthusiastic and 
active worker. In 1892, while a resident of Rob- 
erts county, he was a delegate to the Republican 
state convention, as was he also from Grant 
county in 1896, while in 1896 he became a mem- 
ber of the Republican state central committee, in 
which capacity he served two years. In 1896 
he was elected state's attorney of Grant county, 
continuing incumbent of this position two terms 




GEORGE S. RIX. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



and making an admirable record as a prosecu- 
tor. He has served as city ' attorney since 1902. 
Fraternally he is identified with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pyth- 
ias, in the former of which he has passed all 
the official chairs in his lodge. He and his wife 
are valued members of the First Congregational 
church, taking an active interest in the various 
departments of its work. They have an attract- 
ive home on Fourth street, and he is also the 
owner of other residence property in Milbank. 

On Christmas day of the year 1895 was sol- 
emnized the marriage of Mr. Rix to Miss Maud 
C. Nash, who was born and reared at Cherry 
Grove, Minnesota, being a daughter of L. H. 
Xash, an old and honored resident of that sec- 
tion. Mr. and Mrs. Rix have one child, Doris C. 



ADDISON H. PEASE, postmaster at 
Wagner and publisher and editor of the Charles 
Mix County New Era, is a native of the state of 
Michigan, having been born in Lacota, Van 
Buren county, on the 17th of May, 1867, and 
being a son of Enoch M. and Rachel A. Pease. 
The former was born in Wayne county. New 
York, in 1830, and the latter in Pennsylvania, in 
1838. They came to South Dakota in 1882, and 
the father died in Wagner, this state, on the 26th 
of February, 1901, while his devoted wife passed 
away, in the same town, on the 25th of January, 
1903. Enoch M. Pease was of stanch German 
lineage, the family having been established in 
America fully twelve generations ago. He was a 
wool carder by vocation, was a man of sterling 
integrity and ever commanded unqualified con- 
fidence and esteem. Pie was a Republican in 
politics and he and his wife held membership in 
the Methodist church. They became the parents 
of six children, all of whom are living, while the 
subject of this sketch was the third in order of 
birth. 

Addison H. Pease came to South Dakota in 
November, 1882, in company with his parents, 
being at the time a lad of fifteen years. His edu- 
cational advantages were such as were afforded 



in the common schools, which he continued to at- 
tend as opportunity afiforded after the removal of 
the family to the territory of Dakota. As he 
has personally stated, his education was secured 
"principally by hard knocks and practical ex- 
perience," since he early began to depend upon 
his own resources. He has never been willing to 
wait for opportunity but has turned his hand to 
whatever honest work has come to hand. In 
early days he drove stage and for eight years 
after his marriage was variously employed. In 
June, 1895, ^^ ^ool'- "P 3 homestead claim on 
Yankton reservation, Charles Mix county, and 
gave his attention to its improvement and cultiva- 
tion until January i, 1901, when he took up his 
residence in the town of Wagner, having been 
appointed postmaster. He also purchased in that 
year the plant and business of the New Era, a 
weekly paper, and has since continued its publica- 
tion, making it an effective exponent of local in- 
terests and an advocate of the principles of the 
Republican party, in whose cause he has been 
an active worker. Mr. Pease is one of the char- 
ter members of Wagner Tent, No. 59, Knights 
of the Maccabees, of which he is now com- 
mander. 

.\t Armour, this state, on the ist of Septem- 
ber, 1890, Mr. Pease was united in marriage to 
Miss Carrie Thompson, daughter of Harry 
Thompson, who was at that time sheriff of 
Douglas countv. 



DELATUS HINMAN, of Yankton county, 
was born in Oswego county. New York, April 
6, 1848, and is of English lineage. His paternal 
great-grandfather was Edward Hinman, who de- 
serted the land of his birth and established his 
home in the new world and the family has since 
been represented in America by loyal adherents 
of the interest of this country. The grandfather, 
Ephraim Hinman, was drafted for service in the 
war of 1812. The parents of the subject were 
William and Julie (Salisbury) Hinman, both of 
whom were natives of New York, in which state 
they lived and died. The father was a farmer 
by occupation and a well-known representative 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



citizen of this countrv. He died in the year 1888 
and his wife passed away in 1884. Tliey were 
both members of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and hved in harmony with their profession. The 
political support of Mr. Hinman Was given to 
tlae Whig party, and later to the Republican party 
and eventually he became a Prohibitionist. 

Delatus Hinman was reared in his father's 
home and assisted in the cultivation of the farm 
until he had attained his majority, when he en- 
tered upon an independent business career as a 
school teacher and followed that profession 
through several winter terms. Attracted by the 
opportunities of the rapidly developing west, he 
came to Yankton county in the fall of 1869, 
traveling by stage from St. Louis. He has been 
identified with the educational interests of this 
locality for several terms as a teacher, and in 
1869 he made preparations for carrying on agri- 
cultural pursuits by entering one hundred and 
sixty acres of land from the government, while 
to this he afterward added another quarter sec- 
tion. He afterward sold both tracts and in the 
fall of 1870 he bought one hundred and sixty 
acres in township 94. range 55. There were no 
improvements ujjon the place except a log house, 
but he has since devoted his knowledge to the 
care and cultivation of the farm, upon which 
he has Hved continuously since 1877. He has a 
fine farm and in 18/8 he erected a substantial 
and attractive residence. He has likewise built 
good barns and added other improvements and 
the boundaries of his farm he has extended by the 
purchase of eighty acres. The entire farm is now 
under cultivation. In the early days he lost his 
crops because of the grasshoppers, but he per- 
severed in his work and as the years have gone 
by he has accumulated a comfortable competence. 
He now breeds hogs and cattle and makes a 
specialty of the production of alfalfa hay. He 
has a good apple orchard, containing some of 
the best bearing trees of the state, and his farm 
is modern in all its equipments and constitutes 
one of the valuable properties of the community. 

On the 1st of March, T877, ^^^- Hinman was 
united in marriage to Miss Jane Ottman, a 
daughter of Jacob and Christiana Ottman, who 



spent their entire lives in New York, the father 
being a successful farmer there. He voted with 
the Republican party and both he and his wife 
were members of the -Disciple church. Unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Hinman has been born one son, Byron, 
whose birth occurred January i, 1885, and who 
is now a student in college at Yankton. In 1893 
they adopted Mary Kincel, nine years of age, 
whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Kincel, were 
both deceased. The child took the name of Mary 
Kincel Hinman, and has been given a good edu- 
cation, graduating from Yankton Academy in 
June, 1903. The parents hold membership in the 
Methodist church, taking an active part in its 
work, and their labors are effective in promoting 
its welfare and extending its influence. 

Mr. Hinman is a Prohibitionist, with strong 
party tendencies, and fraternally he is connected 
with the Modern Woodmen, the Pyramids and 
the Royal Tribe of Joseph. Because of his suc- 
cess and sterling worth, Yankton county num- 
bers him among her representative men. 



NOR^lAX D. AVHTTE was born at Scales 
Mound, Illinois, August 2, 1863, and is a son 
of John and Henrietta C. (Phelps) White. The 
father was born December 25, 1826, at James- 
town, New- York, and was the youngest son of 
Moses and Sallie (Cheney) White. The family 
is of English descent and was founded in America 
by Elder John Wliite, who emigrated from 
England to Massachusetts in 1632. The grand- 
father of the subject was a goldsmith by trade 
and removed from Southington, Connecticut, to 
New York in 1791. He finally married and 
settled at Jamestown, New York. His wife was 
born and reared at Essex, Vermont. John WHiite 
spent his childhood in Jamestown and attended 
the public schools. He early showed marked 
musical talent and became a skillful violinist. In 
1846, at the age of twenty, he went to Chicago, 
Illinois, and thence by stage to Galena, where he 
worked for two years as a fami hand and about 
the lead mines and also found many profitable 
op])ortunities for the employment of his musical 
skill. He was married in 1848 to Henrietta 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1043 



Phelps, of Jo Daviess county, Illinois, a daugh- 
ter of Milo and Charlotte (Beldian) Phelps, 
formerh^ of Jasper, New York. Locating upon 
a farm north of Scales Mound, he there engaged 
in farming and stock raising for many years, ac- 
cumulating considerable property. In the fall of 
18S0 he visited his brother at Yankton, South 
Dakota, and was so well pleased with this locality 
that he invested in real estate in the fertile 
James river valley. In 1885 he disposed of his 
property in Illinois and located on his South Da- 
kota farm. He added to his possessions from 
time to time until he owned over thirteen hundred 
acres of as fine land as can be found in the state. 
In all his work and dealings he left the impress 
of a considerate, careful-minded man and one 
of strong, forceful chara:ter. In his long linger- 
ing illness he manifested great patience and for- 
bearance which characterized his entire life. He 
voted vi'ith the Democracy and was a loyal mem- 
ber of the Methodist church, to which his wife 
also belongs. She survives him and is yet living 
on the old homestead. In the familv of this 
worthy couple were nine children : Thomas, in 
1840, married ]\Telvina Wells and with his familv 
of four children lives upon a farm in Yankton 
county: Cecil J., born in 1854 and now conduct- 
ing- a countr}- store in Y'ankton countv, married 
Miss Viola Hill and they have an adopted child; 
Delia, born in 1859. '^ the wife of William C. 
Coulson. a resident farmer of Yankton county, 
bv whom she has three children ; Norman D. is 
the next of the family ; Lee is a carpenter of St. 
Louis, Missouri ; Addie, is the wife of William 
Van Epps, a liveryman of Yankton, and they have 
three sons. The three other children of the White 
familv died in Illinois. All were provided with 
good educational privileges and Delia engaged in 
teaching school, while Addie taught music. 
Thomas displayed much of his father's musical 
talent as a violinist. The diflferent members of 
the family are now comfortably situated in life 
and are valued residents of the various com- 
munities in which they reside. 

Norman D. White spent his earl\- life in 
Illinois and with his father came to South Da- 
kota in the spring of 1885. He has since re- 



sided upon the home farm here and has taken an 
active part in its management and operation. At 
the time of his father's death he was appointed 
executor of the estate, comprising eleven hundred 
acres of land in Yankton county. He now car- 
ries on general farming and stock raising, mak- 
ing a specialty of Guernsey cattle, splendid bred 
horses and Poland-China hogs. He has handled 
stock extensively, becoming one of the leading 
representatives of this line of business in the 
county and his large sales have brought to him 
a splendid financial return. His home is pleas- 
antly located on the banks of the James river, 
four miles from Yankton, and in 189 1 he erected 
an elegant farm residence which is one of the 
most attractive features of the landscape. There 
is found an artesian well upon his place and also 
a fish pond. He has a blacksmith and carpenter 
shop upon his farm and he possesses excellent 
mechanical ability, so that he is enabled to keep 
everything about his place in first-class condition. 
Mr. White is a most energetic and enterprising 
man and his resolution and strong purpose have 
been important factors in a successful business 
career. He lives with his mother and both are 
highly esteemed in the community. Fraternally. 
Mr. White is connected with the Pyramids and 
the Maccabees. He is an honored son of an 
honored pioneer and today occupies a very 
prominent and enviable position as a represent- 
ative of agricultural interests in South Dakota. 



CHARLES E. SEELEY. one of the well- 
known and representative citizens of Clark 
county, is a native of the Wolverine state, having 
been born in Oakland county, ^Michigan, on the 
31st of May, 1 84 1, and being 'a son of Edward 
H. and Calista (Walker) Seeley, the former of 
whom was born in Seneca county. New York, 
and the latter in Connecticut, while it may be 
stated that the original ancestors of the subject 
in the maternal line settled in New England in 
the pre-Revolutionary days. Edward H. Seeley 
devoted his life to farming and was one of the 
pioneers of the state of Michigan, where both 
he and his wife died. His father was a promi- 



I044 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



nent lawyer in New York, and served for a num- 
ber of years as county judge of Seneca county. 
The subject of this review received his early 
educational training in the common schools of 
his native state and also attended a select school 
for a short time, just prior to the outbreak of the 
war of the Rebellion, in which he participated. 
On the 17th of August, 1861, he enlisted as a 
private in Company D, Fifth Michigan Volunteer 
Infantry, and a few weeks later proceeded with 
bis command to the front. He was wounded in 
the battle of Williamsburg) Virginia, on the 5th 
of May, 1862, and rejoined his regiment three 
days before the opening of the seven days' fight- 
ing before the city of Richmond. He received 
his honorable discharge in the autumn of 1862, 
by reason of disability, and then returned to his 
home in Michigan. He there continued to be 
engaged in farming about five years, after which 
be learned the trade of carpenter and became a 
successful contractor and builder. In 1893 ^^ 
came to South Dakota and located in Maydell 
township, Clark county, and here he has con- 
tinued contracting and building, having con- 
tributed materially to the substantial develop- 
ment and progress of this section and having also 
become the owner of a well-improved and pro- 
ductive farm, to whose management he has given 
his attention to a greater or less extent. 

]Mr. Seeley has gained and retained the re- 
spect and confidence of the people of the county 
and is recognized as a loyal and progressive 
citizen. Tn politics he has given his support to 
the Republican party from the time of attain- 
ing his legal majority, having cast his first 
presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, at the 
time of his second nomination, and having ever 
since been a stalwart upholder of the principles 
and policies of the "grand old party." He has 
been called upon to serve in various township 
offices and is at the present time incumbent of 
that of justice of the peace. He is treasurer of 
the Garden City Co-operative Creamery Com- 
pany, one of the leading business concerns of the 
county. Fraternally, he is identified with the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and for the past 
score of vears he has been a zealous member of 



the Methodist Episcopal church, of which Mrs. 
Seeley also is a member. 

On the 22d of March, 1865, was solemnized 
the marriage of !\[r. Seeley to Miss Lucy O. 
Green, who was born in the state of Michigan, 
being a daughter of Z. R. and Zerilla Green, and 
they have seven children, namely : Elmer G., 
Harry M., Emmet C, Eugene, May R.. Frank A. 
and Alice Louise. 



J. M. DOYLE, one of the influential and 
honored business men of Delmont, Douglas 
county, is a native of Grant county, Wisconsin, 
where he was born on the loth of May, 1854, 
being a son of John and Mary (Brady) Doyle, 
of whose six children five are living, namely : Dr. 
E. M., who is engaged in- the practice of his 
profession in Yankton, this state; Thomas, who 
is a resident of Grant county, Wisconsin ; Gar- 
rett, who, likewise, resides in that county; John 
S., who is a resident of Kansas City, Missouri; 
Sarah M., who married William Sheridan in Oc- 
tober, 1881, and died a widow in 1892; and J. 
M., who is the subject of this review. The father 
of the subject was born in County Wicklow, 
Ireland, where he was reared to maturity, and he 
was there identified with the mining industry 
until 1846, when he emigrated to America, locat- 
ing in Grant county, Wisconsin, as one of its 
early pioneers, and there he engaged in mining 
for two years. He entered a tract of government 
land in that county, improved a good farm, to 
whose cultivation he gave his attention until 
his death, which occurred in 1886, at which time 
he was seventy-three years of age. He was twice 
married, the maiden name of his first wife having 
been Farrell, and of this union were born four 
children, of whom two arc- living, — Terrence, 
who is a retired farmer of Pocahontas county, 
Iowa ; and Anna, a maiden lady, residing in 
Shellsburg, Wisconsin. The mother of the sub- 
ject was also a native of County Wicklow, 
Ireland, and she died in 1881, at the age of 
sixty-five years, both she and her husband hav- 
ing been zealous members of the Catholic church, 
while the latter was a Democrat in politics. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1045 



J. M. Do\lc was reared on the homestead 
farm in Wisconsin, receiving- his early educa- 
tional (liscii)line in the public schools and sup- 
plementing the same by a course of study in St. 
John's College, in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. 
In 1879 1''^ ^^'^ his brother Garret rented land 
in Grant county, that state, where they were en- 
gaged in farming for the ensuing two years, at 
the expiration of which they purchased a meat 
market in Fairplav, Wisconsin, conducting the 
same one year. In 1882 the subject came to 
Dakota, located in Plankinton, Aurora county, 
and thus becoming one of the pioneers of what is 
now the state of South Dakota. He located two 
claims in that county and while complying with 
the legal requirements necessary to retnining the 
same he conducted a confectioner}' store in the 
village mentioned, there continuing his residence 
for seven years. A\'ithin this period he made a 
visit to his old hrmie in \\'isconsin, remaining 
about one year. In i8go Mr. Doyle disposed of 
his property in Plankinton, Aurora county, and 
removed to Pocahontas county, Iowa, with the 
intention of engaging in the real-estate business 
in company with bankers there. No satisfactory 
arrangements could be made, however, and after 
teaching a three-months term of school in Iowa, 
he returned to Dakota, taking up his residence in 
Plankinton, and from March until July, 1889, 
he held the position of insurance underwriter for 
the Dakota Mutual Protective Association, which 
was organized and incorporated under the laws 
of the territory for the purpose of rendering in- 
surance indemnity on live stock, the executive 
corps being as follows : H. C. Ayres, president ; 
Richard Hancy, secretary, and W. T. Lafollette, 
manager. In the autumn of the same year Mr. 
Doyle went again to Iowa, passing some time 
there and in the city of Chicago, his object being 
to promote the organization of a land companv 
to handle western properties, but again he was 
unable to enlist satisfactory capitalistic co- 
operation, and after teaching school for three 
months, in Pocahontas county, Iowa, he re- 
turned to South Dakota, locating in Delmont on 
the 17th of August, 1891, as the representative of 
the firm of T. McMichael & Son, of McGregor, 



Iowa. He had the management of their elevator 
and grain Ijusiness here until i8g8, when he pur- 
chased the business, which he has since success- 
fully continued. In January, 1892, he established 
the first pennanent hog market in Delmont, and 
he is today one of the heaviest buyers of grain 
and live stock in this section of the state, while 
he is known as an energetic and able business 
man and as one who is worthy of unqualified con- 
fidence and esteem, which are uniformly accorded 
by all who know him. In politics he is a stanch 
advocate of the principles of the Democratic 
party, but he has never been ambitious for public 
office. In the fall of 1902 he was tendered by his 
party friends the nomination for either sheriff of 
the county or for representative of the district in 
the state legislature, but he refused to become a 
candidate for either office. He was later ap- 
pointed a member of the board of county com- 
missioners, to fill the vacancy caused bv the re- 
moval from the county of the regular incumbent, 
D. M. Brennerman. He is a most effective and 
popular auctioneer, in which line he is a pioneer 
in this section, his services being in demand 
throughout a wide radius of country in the cry- 
ing of sales of various sorts. He and his wife are 
communicants of the Catholic church, and fra- 
ternally he is affiliated with Armour Lodge, No. 
100, Ancient Order of I'nited Workmen, at 
Armour. 

On the 14th of June, 1898, Mr. Doyle was 
united in marriage to Miss Sarah Catherine 
Kelley, who was at the time principal of the 
Delmont public schools, being a lady of refine- 
ment and gracious presence, and they are the 
parents of two children, William Bryan and 
Lucille Bernice. 



JOHN r\IEIER, one of Germany's native 
sons, was born on the fith of August, 1835, his 
parents being Jathan and Elizabeth Meier. 
The father was a tailor by trade and thus pro- 
vided for his family. In 1856 he brought his 
wife and children to the LTnited States, settling in 
Broadhead, Wiscotisin. John Meier, who ac- 
quired his education in Germany, accompanied 



1046 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the family at that time and in Wisconsin he took 
a claim from the government and hegan farming 
on his own account. He was married Febru- 
ary 12, 1866, to Miss Caroline Dubois, of Rock 
county, Wisconsin. Her father was a success- 
ful farmer of that section. Unto the marriage 
of Mr. and Mrs. Meier were born four sons and 
three daughters, namely : John. George, Jathan, 
Josephine, Alma, Gilbert and Hattie, and the 
family circle yet remains unbroken by the hand 
of death. George married Julia Rinker, by whom 
he has one child and is a farmer, residing upon 
a tract of land adjacent to his father's farm. 
Josephine is the wife of Frank Ray, an agri- 
culturist living near Wagner, South Dakota. The 
other children are yet under the parental roof. 
Mr. Meier continued to reside in Wisconsin 
imtil the spring of 1872, when he came to South 
Dakota, settling in Yankton township. Much of 
the land was still in possession of the government 
at that time and he secured a claim of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, to which he has since added 
by the purchase of three hundred and twenty 
acres near his old homestead. He is engaged in 
stock raising and is today one of the progressive 
agriculturists of his community. The success 
that has crowned his efforts has come to him as 
the reward of his perseverance and his earnest 
labor and now at the age of sixty-eight years 
he is enjoying the fruits of his former toil, hav- 
ing a valuable property and a comfortable home. 
He is independent in politics, as he is in religious 
faith, although he endorses the teachings of the 
Methodist church to some extent. Both he and 
his wife are estimable people, enjoying the warm 
regard of many friends. 



RE\'. D. B. NICHOLS has devoted his life 
to two of the most important callings which man 
can give his energies, the healing of the body and 
the care of the soul, and his life has been one of 
extreme usefulness, his influence widely felt for 
good as a factor in the community in which he 
lives. He was born in Massachusetts on the 8th 
of October, 1816, and is a son of James and Lydia 
D. (Bliss) Nichols, natives of the old Bav state. 



The father was a miller and for several years 
was superintendent of a large cotton mill. He 
also served as deputy sheriff of Bristol county 
and gave his political support to the Whig party. 
He held membership in the Congregational 
church and died in that faith in 1832, while his 
wife passed away in 1864. In the family were 
six sons and one daughter, but all have passed 
away with the exception of the subject. 

Rev. Nichols was reared in the east and en- 
joyed the excellent school privileges of his native 
state, while later he had more advanced ad- 
vantages. He pursued a classical course in Ober- 
lin College of Ohio in 1839 and then, for ten 
years engaged in teaching and occasionally 
preached, being then employed by the missionary 
society in Iowa. Subseciuently, he pursued a 
course in medicin.e in Howard University, where 
he was graduated in 1872. He is the oldest 
graduate of that institution, a fact which was 
mentioned in one of the Washington papers. He 
was identified with the rise and progress of 
Howard University, being one of its instructors, 
its librarian, a trustee and curator of its museum. 
For about eleven years he remained in the Capital 
city and also spent a short time in the practice of 
medicine in Florida. Since 1850 he has engaged 
in preaching and followed that calling in Ken- 
tucky, where he was also engaged in teaching 
school. His labors have always been directed 
along lines which have proven of the greatest 
benefit to his fellow men. He served as city mis- 
sionarv in Chicago, Illinois, and was superintend- 
ent of the Chicago Reform School from 1854 
until i860, when he resigned and went to Europe 
at his own expense, visiting reform schools in 
England, Scotland and Germany for the purpose 
of rendering his own labors in that line more 
effective. Upon his return to his native country 
he was appointed superintendent of the State 
Reform School at Lansing, Michigan, where he 
remained for a year and then went to Boston. 
Locating at Scituate Harbor, he there remained 
until after the outbreak of the Civil war. In 
i8fit he went to South Carolina to preach to the 
negroes who had formerly been held as slaves 
and also to act as a teacher amonfj them. There 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



he continued until midsummer when he went to 
New York and afterward to Washington to act 
as a missionary among the colored people of that 
city. In Washington he was appointed super- 
intendent of the contraband department service 
and had four thousand people under his charge 
to whom he gave supplies of food and clothing. 

In the year 1880 Mr. Nichols came to De- 
catur, settling in Bon Homme ci^unty. where he 
began preaching. He built a church there and 
remained for three years as its pastor, "at the end 
of which time his health failed and he returned to 
Boston, Massachusetts, but after he had re- 
covered somewhat his usual health and strength 
he once more came to Dakota, visiting various 
churches in the state and preaching to many con- 
gregations. He was also engaged in presenting 
the claims of Yankton College. His influence 
has been most marked in the moral development 
of South Dakota since his arrival here about 
twenty-five years ago. He is now an honorable 
trustee of Howard University, at Washing- 
ton, D. C, and also for years a trustee of 
Yankton College, and now a member of the 
college corporation. At one time he served as 
librarian of Yankton College. Seventeen years 
ago he located at his present home, which was 
then in the midst of the frontier district. He built 
the church at Mission Hill and has assisted in the 
entire growth and development of this portion 
of the state. For three years he served as post- 
master and with the work of progress and im- 
lirovement he has been actively identified along 
material as well as moral lines. His chief in- 
terest, however, has centered in the moral de- 
velopment of the people and his influence has 
been far-reaching and beneficial. 

Rev. Nichols has been twice married. He 
first married Sarah Chisman, whose parents 
were from Virginia. After the death of his first 
wife he wedded Elizabeth Booth and they lived 
together for sixty years, her death having oc- 
curred in the latter part of the year 1903, at the 
age of eighty-eight years. Rev. Nichols has now 
reached the advanced age of eighty-six years. 
They were the oldest couple in the countv and 
none were more respected. Air. Nichols votes 



with the Republican party and has been active 
and helpful in matters pertaining to the intel- 
lectual progress of the community, acting as one 
of the school officers. He is identified with the 
Congregational church here and in Dakota as 
in other sections of the country where he has 
lived and labored for his fellow men he has 
accomplished much good. His life has been de- 
voted to the welfare of the human race and to 
the opposition of all the vices that hold men 
in bondage and today there is no citizen of 
Yankton county held in warmer regard or higher 
esteem than Rev. D. B. Nichols. 



FRED C. RIX was born in Denmark on the 
18th of May. 1839. His father was a farmer 
there and his parents spent their entire lives in 
that countr_\-. In early life Fred C. Ri.x went to 
sea and has sailed around the world. He visited 
Africa in 1861 and the Philippines in 1862, after 
which he returned to Holland. He has been on 
the isle of Java, and has visited Russia. Siberia, 
Prussia, England, Belgium, France, Sweden, 
Norway and Germany. He has sailed from 
many ports and in the employ of different nations 
and was always upon a sailing vessel, never mak- 
ing a voyage upon a steamer until he came to the 
United States. He was in the war when the 
Danish fought the Prussians in 1864 and was 
injured, having his leg broken during a high 
sea. Mr. Rix continued to reside in Denmark 
until 1872, when he crossed the Atlantic to the 
new world, locating first in Chicago, where he 
followed the mason's trade for two years. He 
afterward lived in Waterloo, Iowa, where he en- 
gaged in business as a brick-mason for four 
years and in 1877 he came to South Dakota, se- 
curing one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
Yankton county. He settled upon a timber claim 
and has planted thirty-eight thousand trees since 
that time. He has one hundred and sixty acres 
in his homestead and his first place of residence 
was a dugout, while later he built a clay house, 
known as a Russian homg. Mr. Rix now has 
thirty-four hundred dollars' worth of improve- 



1048 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ments upon his place and he also owns six lots 
in the town of Irene, together with another 
tract of an acre and a quarter. 

In 1863 occurred the marriage of Air. Rix 
and Miss Elizabeth Olson, whose parents spent 
their entire lives in Denmark, the father being 
employed in a foundry there. The home of the 
subject and his wife has been blessed with four 
children. Olivia, the eldest, is now deceased ; 
Henry married Anna Massy and is living near 
Bismarck, North Dakota, where he owns and 
operates one hundred and sixty acres of land ; 
Stella is the wife of Nels Nelson, of Kenmare, 
North Dakota, where he secured a homestead : 
Julia is the wife of Lawrence Nelson, a farmer 
owning two hundred and forty acres of land in 
Yankton county. 

Air. Rix is an indejiendent voter and has 
never been an active politician in the sense of 
office seeking, but for eight years he served as 
one of the school officials. He belongs to the 
Lutheran church and his Qiristian faith has been 
exemplified in his honorable life and his straight- 
forward dealing. He is now living retired in the 
enjoyment of the fruits of his former toil. 



LARS C. CHRISTENSEX was born in 
Denmark on the 19th of November, 1856. His 
father is now deceased, but his mother lives with 
her son, who, having spent the days of his boy- 
hood and youth in his native countn,-, came to 
America when a young man of nineteen years. 
After spending one year in Racine, Wisconsin, 
where he was employed, he removed to South 
Dakota and here entered the employ of a stock- 
man, with whom he remained upon a farm for 
two }-ears. He afterward worked for the rail- 
road company for a year and subsequently was 
married and turned his attention to farming. Mr. 
Qiristensen is now one of the prosperous resi- 
dents of Yankton county and his financial con- 
dition is now in great contrast to that in which 
he arrived in America, for he then had but very 
limited capital. He possessed, however, what 
is better — strong courage and determination, and 
his continued labor has been the foundation upon 



which he has built his success. He has two hun- 
dred and forty acres of land, of which two hun- 
dred is pasture land. His wife homesteaded a 
part of this land and Mr. Christensen purchased 
the remainder. He now carries on general farm- 
ing and also raises shorthorn cattle and some 
hogs. He employs men who operate his land 
and has a well-improved property. He hauled 
the rock from his place and in 1885 he built a 
rock barn, while in 1897 he provided still better 
and more commodious accommodations for his 
stock by building new barns. His home was 
erected in 1886. In 1899 he planted trees upon 
his place and now has a very well-improved prop- 
erty supplied with all modern equipments and 
accessories. He now owns twelve head of horses 
and thirty-five head of cattle and already this year 
has sold twenty head of fat cattle. 

In 1879 Mr. Qiristensen was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Johanne Petersen and unto them 
have been born seven children : Catherine, the 
wife of J. Tule, a farmer : Ma^v^ Anna, Qirist, 
Lewis, Jens and Dagmer, all at home. The 
family is well known in the community and the 
members of the household occupy an enviable 
position in social circles. Mr. Christensen is a 
Republican in his political views, always sup- 
porting the men and measures of that party. He 
has' served as school treasurer and in other local 
positions and no trust reposed in him has ever 
been betrayed in the slightest degree. ' His re- 
ligious faith is indicated by his membership in 
the Lutheran church. Mr. Qiristensen has never 
had occasion to regret his determination to come 
to America for he has not only found a good 
home, but has also gained many friends and won 
for himself a handsome competence as the re- 
ward of his labors. He is, perhaps, better known 
as Lars C. Bukste, but no matter by what name 
he is called he is a man worthy of respect and 
esteem of those with whom he is associated. 



ALEXANDER LePLANTE was born in 
Qiarles Mix county. South Dakota, in April, 
1867, and owing to the exigencies and conditions 
of the time and place his early educational ad- 



HISTORY. OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1049 



vantag-es were limited in scope, though he se- 
cured a good foundation, upon which to build up 
the fund of practical knowledge which is his 
today. He continued to be associated with his 
father in the raising of live stock until 1887, when 
he initiated his independent career in connection 
with the same line of industry, which has become 
one of the most important resources of the state. 
He utilized the range in the valley of the Bad 
river until 1S94, since which time his cattk- have 
found their grazing grounds on the broad acres 
of the Cheyenne Indian reservation. Mr. Le- 
Plante has an average head of seven hundred 
head of cattle, and makes his residence and head- 
quarters at the Cheyenne government agency, 
of which he has been official butcher since 1899, 
providing all meats used. 

On the 14th of November, 1893, Mr. Le- 
Plante was united in marriage to Miss Johanna 
Madison, a daughter of that honored pioneer, 
Trnles Madison, of Fort Pierre, concerning 
whom individual mention is made on other pages 
of this work. Mr. and Mrs. LePlante have five 
children, namely : Loiiis, Edward, George, 
Gavlord and Caroline. 



ORLANDO P. SWARTZ, one of the promi- 
nent and highly honored business men of Hutch- 
inson county, is a native of the state of Illinois, 
.having been born in Jo Daviess county, on the 
21st of April, 1864, and being a son of Elias M. 
and Susan I'Rudy) Swartz, of whose eight chil- 
dren we incorporate the following brief record : 
Martins H. is a resident of Gillette, Wyoming; 
Edith is the wife of James Brown, of Menno, 
South Dakota; Sarah is the wife of Schuyler C. 
Freeburg, of Sunnyside, California; George is 
engaged in the drug business in Parkston, South 
Dakota ; Maud is the wife of Nelson C. Davis, of 
Crook county, Wyoming; Frederick is likewise 
a resident of that county, as is also Grover; and 
(Irlando P. is the immediate subject of this sketch. 
Elias M. Swartz was born in Center count}-, 
Pennsylvania, being a representative of one of the 
sterling pioneer families of the old Keystone state 
and coming of stanch German lineage. As a 



young man he removed to Illinois, settling in 
Stephenson county, engaging in agricultural pur- 
suits, this being the vocation to which he had 
been reared. He later removed to Jo Daviess 
county, where he continued to reside until 1882, 
when he came to South Dakota, remaining for 
a short interval in the village of Scotland and 
then entering claim to land in Qiarles Mix 
county, where he engaged in the breeding and 
raising of cattle and horses, becoming one of the 
prominent and influential citizens of that section 
and commanding the most unqualified esteem of 
those who knew him and had cognizance of his 
sterling qualities of mind and heart. He died in 
1901, having been a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, while his political allegiance 
was given to the Democratic party. His widow 
now makes her home with her children in Wyo- 
ming, she likewise being a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

The subject of this sketch remained at the 
parental home until he had attained the age of 
twelve years, having in the meanwhile attended 
the public schools and assisted in the work of 
the farm, and he then went to the city of Free- 
port, Illinois, where he resided in the home of 
his uncle about five years, during which period 
he continued his educational work in the schools 
of that place. In 1879 'i^ returned home, re- 
maining one year, at the expiration of which he 
went to Iowa Falls, Iowa, where he was em- 
ployed in the drug establishment of his uncle, 
John L. Swartz, for the ensuing three years. In 
July, 1883, he came to Scotland, Bon Homme 
county. South Dakota, where he secured a clerical 
position in the drug store of another uncle, Wil- 
liam P. Swartz, and in 1884 he went to Spring- 
field, Bon Homme county, where he was em- 
ployed for two years in the drug store of Bone- 
steel & Turner, having in the meanwhile be- 
come an expert pharmacist. In September, 1886, 
in which year the town of Parkston was founded, 
he took up his residence here and engaged in 
the drug business on his own responsibility. In 
1888 he entered into partnership with Frank 
Wiedman, who was here engaged in the hard- 
ware business at the time, and thereafter until 



I050 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1898 the firm of Wiedman & Swartz here con- 
ducted a most jirosperous business in the 
handling of hardware, implements and drugs. In 
the year mentioned they disposed of the drug de- 
partment of their enterprise and added a general 
line of merchandise, building up one of the most 
important and extensive trades of the sort in 
this section of the state. In 1901 they also pur- 
chased a general stove business at Milltown, and 
they now conduct the same as a branch of their 
Parkston establishment. In 1901 !^Ir. Swartz 
was appointed postmaster of Milltown, and he is 
still incumbent of this ofiice, in which he is serv- 
ing by proxy. In politics he is found arrayed as 
a stanch advocate of the principles of the Re- 
publican party, while fraternally he has attained 
the thirty-second degree in Scottish Rite 
Masonry, being identified with Oriental Consist- 
ory, No. I, at Yankton. His ancient-craft mem- 
bership is in Resurgam Lodge, No. 31, Free and 
Accepted Masons, at Mitchell, and he belongs 
to El Riad Temple, Mystic Shrine, at Sioux 
Falls, while he is also a member of Milltown 
Camp, No. 6153, Modern Woodmen of America. 
On the 25th of September, 1885, Mr. Swartz 
was united in marriage to Miss Margie W. Rob- 
inson, of Iowa Falls, Iowa, she having been born 
in Concord county, New Hampshire, daughter 
of Horace Robinson, deceased. Of this union 
have been born two children, Mabel C, who is 
attending All Saints' Academy in Sioux Falls, 
and William R., who remains at the parental 
home. Mrs. Swartz is a member of the Congre- 
eational church of Iowa Falls, Iowa. 



JOSEPH E. HUBER was born on the 21st 
of February, 1867, in Iowa, and in 1869 was 
brought to Dakota by his parents. Peter Huber, 
the subject's father, was born in Possan, Bavaria, 
Germany, about 1838, his parents being agri- 
cultural people. He came to America about 
1871 and settled at McGregor, Iowa, where he 
worked as a farm hand for about one year. At 
the end of that time he purchased twenty acres 
of timber land and at once commenced clearing 
and cultivating the ground. After three years 



he exchanged this land for a yoke of oxen, a cow 
and a wagon, and with these he moved his family 
overland to South Dakota, settling in Yankton 
county, in the James valley. He pre-empted thrrr 
claims of one hundred and sixty acres each, twn 
of which were timber claims, and afterwards pur- 
chased three more claims of the same size ami 
character. He erected buildings and farmed the 
ground as fast as his limited resources and his 
own physical strength would permit, and suc- 
cessfully conducted the place until 1901, when he 
removed to Yankton and retired from active life. 
He still owns six hundred and sixty acres of the 
original farm, the remaining portion of it having 
been divided among his sons. Before leaving 
Germany he married Miss Theresa Reisinger and 
they became the ])arents of fifteen children, of 
whom eleven are still living, namely : Frank, 
whose sketch will be found on another page of 
this work; Caroline, the wife of Frank Heinige. 
of Parkston, South Dakota (they became the 
parents of ten children and the mother is now- 
deceased) ; Joseph is the subject of this sketch; 
Peter, who lives near Parkston, married Kate 
Wallace, of Yankton, and they are the parents of 
five children; Mary is the wife of John Mack, of 
Gage county, Nebraska, and they have six chil- 
dren ; Katie is the wife of Patrick McGilig, of 
near Hanson, this state, and they have two chil- 
dren : Charles married Bertha Rothmyer and 
they had three children, one of whom is de- 
ceased; Theresa is the wife of Nels Anderson, of 
Yankton, and they have two children ; Bertha be- 
came the wife of Gerald Smith, of Yankton ; 
Celia, Josephine and Louisa are single and re- 
main at home. Two, Peter and Edward, died in 
infancy, and Anna died at twelve years of age. 

At ten years of age Joseph E. Huber entered 
the public schools and his preliminary studies 
were supplemented by a course in Yankton Col- 
lege. He thus gained an excellent education and 
for three years he taught in the public schools, 
proving a capable educator who imparted with 
readiness and clearness to others the knowledge 
that he had acquired. 

On the 9th of October. 1892, Mr. Huber was 
joined in wedlock to Miss Emma Rothmeyer, 



,xv:, 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



105 1 



who was born in Iowa. Six children have graced 
this marriage, five of wliom are now Hving, while 
one has passed away. Those who still survive 
are Clara, Anna, Martha, Joseph and Mildred. 
The daughter who is deceased was Eleanora. 
The home farm of Mr. Huber comprises one 
hundred and sixty acres of land, most of which 
he cultivates, and his energy and activity in busi- 
ness affairs are bringing to him very creditable 
success. Since he was eighteen years of age he 
has been a member of the school board and he 
has also been chairman of the board of super- 
visors. He filled the office of justice of the peace 
for a term of two years and in all these positions 
he has been loyal to the trust reposed in him. 
Over the record of his public career and his 
private life there falls no shadow of wrong or 
suspicion of evil. He is a man well worthy of 
public regard and as almost his entire life has 
been passed in Yankton county his career is 
known to be one that is worthy of commendation, 
gaining for him the favor of all and the friend- 
ship of many. 

Mr. Huber was tendered the nomination of 
representative, but not wishing to serve in that 
capacity refused to allow his name to go before 
the convention. He has always been affiliated 
with the Democratic party, and always takes an 
active part in his party's campaigns. He is an 
active member of the Roman Catholic church, 
and attends the St. Agnes church, of which 
Father Byrne, of Yankton, is the officiating min- 
ister. Mrs. Huber is an active member of the 
same church and the children are regular attend- 
ants of the Sunday school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rothmeyer, parents of Mrs. 
Huber, moved from Iowa to South Dakota in 
1883. The mother died in 1894, and the father 
is living a retired life in Yankton. He was again 
married. 



SILAS BURTON, one of the honored and 
esteemed residents of Yankton county, was born 
in Litchfield countv, Connecticut, on the 22d of 
December, 1837, his parents being James and 
Harriet Burton, in whose familv were nine chil- 



dren, namely: Silas, Malvina, Lewis, Diadama, 
Almoure (who died in the United States army), 
Charles, Mary, Elizabeth, Florence, Ruth and 
George. All but five have passed away, these 
being Silas, Malvina, Charles, Diadama and 
Ruth, and with the exception of the subject and 
Ruth these are residents of New Haven. Con- 
necticut. 

The public schools of Litchfield county. Con- 
necticut, afforded to Silas Burton his educational 
privileges and he continued his studies until nine- 
teen or twenty years of age, thus gaining a broad 
practical knowledge in order to fit him for the 
responsible duties of a business career. When 
he put aside his text-books he worked at the 
butcher's trade at Kent Corners, Connecticut, 
being thus employed until 1863, when his 
patriotic spirit was aroused and he enlisted in 
the Second Heavy Artillery of Connecticut, being 
with the army for twenty months. He par- 
ticipated in the battles of the Wilderness and 
afterward became ill and has never yet fully 
recovered his health. Before starting to the front 
he was married on the 6th of December, 1862, to 
Miss Ellen Stewart, who was born in Hunter, 
New York, a daughter of Alonzo and Mary 
fTate") Stewart. In her parents' family were 
six children : Edgar, Herman, Ellen, Charles, 
William and George, of whom Edgar and 
Giarles are now deceased. The living brothers 
of Mrs. Burton are yet residents of Connecticut. 

Following the Civil war Mr. Burton removed 
from Connecticut to New York, where he re- 
mained for two years and then came west with 
his family. In 1868 he settled in Yankton 
county, South Dakota, having traveled by stage 
from Sioux Citv to his destination. The gov- 
ernment afforded good facilities for purchasing 
land and Mr. Burton secured a pre-emption 
claim of one hundred and sixty acres. Subse- 
quently he purchased an additional tract of one 
hundred and sixty acres and he now farms two 
hundred and eighty acres, raising grain and 
stock. In 1 88 1, bv reason of the flood caused 
bv the ice gorges in the Missouri, he lost all of 
his cattle, his house and his barns, in fact, his 
entire personal property was destroyed save one 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



team of horses. Thus he has met with dis- 
couragements in what would seem to be a pros- 
perous career. He has ever persevered in his 
work, however, and as the years have gone by 
he has accumulated a comfortable competence 
and has become one of the very successful farm- 
ers of South Dakota. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Burton 
have been born eight children : Mary, who be- 
came the wife of W. R. Smith, died at the age 
of twenty-three years, leaving two children, 
Edgar and George, but the latter was drowned 
in the Missouri river at the age of thirteen years 
and Edgar is now living with his grandfather, 
the subject of this review ; Edgar, the second 
child of Mr. Burton, has passed away; Hattie is 
the wife of Mr. Anderson, a farmer of Yank- 
ton county ; Jennie is the wife of M. C. Nelson, 
a resident farmer of this county ; Arthur is living 
at home at the age of fourteen years ; Theodore 
has departed this life and two of the children 
(lied in infancy. For the past thirty-five years 
Mr. Burton has been connected with the schools 
of Dakota and the cause of education finds in 
him a w^arm and helpful friend. In politics he 
is a stanch Democrat and fraternally he is con- 
nected with the Masonic lodge. His wife and 
children are members of the Congregational 
church and the family is one of prominence in 
the community, the members of the Burton 
household occupying an enviable position in so- 
cial circles and in the regard of their many 
friends. 



HENRY HASKAR, one of the represent- 
ative men of Yankton county, was born in the 
fatherland in 1836 and the schools of Ger- 
many afforded him his educational privileges. 
He was a young man when he resolved to seek 
a honie in the new world and after living in 
Tennessee for a time he removed to Ohio and 
twentv-seven vears ago came to South Dakota. 
Under the homestead act he secured a quarter 
section of land in Yankton county across Beaver 
creek. He afterward ])urchased two hundred and 
eighty acres near Utica and now owns four hun- 
dred acres of rich land which is cultivated bv his 



sons. For many years Mr. Haskar was actively 
connected with its improvement and develop- 
ment, but now he is living retired. He and his 
wife occupy a pleasant home in Yankton. 

In 1864 Mr. Haskar was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary Heine and unto them have been 
born nine children : Annie, the eldest, is now de- 
ceased; Kate, the next in the family, is the wife 
of Henry Houker, a farmer residing in Irene, 
South Dakota, and they have five children ; Mary 
has also passed away ; Henry and Peter are both 
enterprising young farmers who are operating 
their father's land. The latter was married April 
22. 1903, to Miss Katie Wagner, who was born 
in Yankton county and is a datighter of George 
C. and Anna (Kramer) Wagner, prominent 
farming people of this locality. iMaggie is the 
wife of John Rankin, a prosperous farmer of 
South Dakota ; Lena is the wife of Albert Wag- 
ner, who also follows farming in this 
state ; Hattie is the wife of Norman Lcpt, and 
Tesse is with her parents in Yankton and both 
are graduates of the public school of Yankton 
county and are popular in social circles there. 

Mr. Haskar has served as school director for 
the past twenty years. In the early days he 
made his own home to be used as a schoolroom, 
for the people were then too poor to build a 
schoolhouse. He has always taken a deep inter- 
est in the cause of education, putting forth every 
effort in his power to advance its interests and 
his efforts have been far-reaching and helpful 
in this direction. In his political views Mr. 
Haskar was formerly a Democrat, but now votes 
independently, supporting the men and measures 
of no particular party, but casting his ballot as 
he thinks will do the most good in promoting 
general progress. He fomierly belonged to the 
Farmers' Alliance and he and his wife are 
members of the Catholic church and attend the 
services in Yankton. They occupy an attractive 
and comfortable home at No. 701 Broadway 
and a cordial hospitality is extended to their 
many friends. Mr. Haskar has ever been 
known as a courteous, genial gentleman who 
while firmly upholding his own opinions has 
always manifested due deference for the opin- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ions of others. His work in the county has been 
of a helpful and beneficial nature and this section 
of the state has profited by his residence here. 



JOHN CHAMBERLIN, one of the sterling 
pioneers of Cambria township. Brown county, 
is a native of the city of Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he was born on the 2d of March, 
183 1, being a son of Jolm and Anna aiamberlin, 
both of whom were born and reared in the state 
of New Jersey, the father being a miller by 
vocation. The subject was reared to manhood 
in the state of New Jersey, having been assigned 
to the care of his uncle when he was eleven 
vears of age. In that state he gained his edu- 
cation and at the age of sixteen entered upon a 
four-years apprenticeship at the trade of wagon- 
making, receiving the sum of one Inmdred dol- 
lars in cash for the services rendered during 
this period, while he was permitted to work in 
the harvest fields two weeks each season, thereby 
gaining a little extra money. In 1852 he came 
west to Kingston, Green Lake county, Wiscon- 
sin, where he established a shop and engaged in 
the work of his trade, also dealing in general 
merchandise on a small scale. He followed his 
trade for a period of thirty years, having been 
foreman of a large shnp in \'ermont prior to 
his removal to Wisconsin. He remained in 
Kingston seven years and then removed to 
Portage Citv, Wisconsin, where he was for one 
year employed in the car shops of the Qiicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad. Later he re- 
moved to Randolph, in the same state, where he 
made his home until 1880, having served as 
postmaster of the town for the greater portion 
of the intervening period. In the year men- 
tioned Mr. Chamberlin came to what is now the 
state of South Dakota, taking up a homestead 
claim in Brown county, on July 15th, this being 
the place on which he has ever since continued 
to reside, having brought his family to the pio- 
neer farm in October of the same year. Dur- 
ing the winter of 1880-81 he and his family oc- 
cupied a sod house on an adjoining farm, and 
during a period of eight months no other woman 



than his wife entered the primitive dwelling, 
with one exception, the nearest neighbors being 
one and a half miles or more distant. It is 
needless to say that the family encountered its 
quota of hardships and deprivations, and during 
the winter mentioned some of the flour used in 
the household was obtained by grinding the 
wheat in a common coffee-mill. In the fall of 
1880 Mr. Chamberlin hauled lumber from 
Watertown and constructed a small house on 
his claim, while his present comfortable and at- 
tractive farm residence was erected about fifteen 
years ago, the other farm buildings being like- 
wise of substantial order. At the time he came 
here there were but four or five other families in 
Cambria township. Shortly after taking up his 
residence here Mr. Chamberlin also took up a 
tree claim, and his landed estate now comprises 
four hundred and eighty acres, of which three 
hundred and twenty comprise the home place, 
while the remaining one hundred and sixty acres 
constitute a separate farm, about a half mile 
distant. The subject has from the beginning 
devoted his attention mainly to the raising of 
grain and at the present time he devotes three 
hundred acres to this branch of his enterprise. 
He has raised as high as thirty bushels to the 
acre, and his largest crop in one year aggre- 
gated thirty thousand bushels. He was promi- 
nentl\- concerned in the organization of the town- 
ship and has been closely identified with its de- 
velopment and material upbuilding. He has 
served for many years as chairman of the board 
of township trustees, and in i8gi he was elected 
to the office of countv commissioner, in which 
capacity he served three years. In politics he 
is arrayed as a stalwart supporter of the prin- 
ciples of the People's party, and both he and 
his wife are zealous and valued members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church at Booth. They 
were concerned in the organization of the 
original class which resulted in the founding of 
this church, about 1884, and of the few who 
thus gathered together for worship there is prob- 
ably but one other left in the township, Mrs. 
Wenz. Mr. Chamberlin has been an official in 
the church from the time of its organization to 



I054 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



two years ago and was Sunday school super- 
intendent fifteen years. 

On the 24th of April, 1837, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Chambcrlin to Miss Martha 
I. Clark, who was born and reared in Vermont, 
having received her education in the academy at 
Brandon, that state, and having been a success- 
ful teacher for about two years prior to her 
marriage. They have no children. 



WILLIA^M KOEPSEL, a member of the 
state senate and one of the honored citizens of 
Brown county, is a native of the Badger state, 
having been born on a farm in Dodge county, 
Wisconsin, on the 27th of June, 1858, and being 
a son of Herman and Caroline (Detlaff) Koep- 
sel, who were numbered among the sterling pio- 
neers of that state. The subject grew up under 
the invigorating discipline of the farm and re- 
ceived his educational training in the public and 
parochial schools. He continued to be identified 
with the great industry of agriculture in Wis- 
consin until 1882, when he came to what is now 
South Dakota and cast in his lot with its people. 
He secured his present farm, in Groton town- 
ship, shortly after his arrival in the state, having 
now a well improved and attractive farm of four 
hundred and eighty acres and being known as 
a progressive and enterprising agriculturist and 
stock-grower. In politics IMr. Koepsel has ever 
been a stanch advocate of the principles and 
policies of the Republican party, and while he 
has been an unostentatious worker in the party 
cause he has not been animated by ambition for 
office, so that his selection to his present dis- 
tinguished position as a member of the state 
senate, in the fall of 1902, indicates in how high 
esteem and confidence he is held by the people 
of the district from which he was chosen for 
this honorable preferment. In the senate he was 
assigned to the committees on education, federal 
relations, public health, charitable and penal in- 
stitutions, and legislative expenses, and in each 
of these important connections he proved him- 
self signally faithful to the duties devolving 
upon him, while he introduced and stanchly ad- 



vocated four bills of no slight importance, 
though never seeking to make himself obtrusive 
in the great deliberative bodv of which he is an 
able member. He is recognized as a man of 
most scrupulous honesty of purpose in all the 
relations of life, and thus the people of his dis- 
trict consistently place their trust and confidence 
in him as a representative of their interests and 
those of the state at large. He is a member of 
the Lutheran church, and has been president of 
the Groton congregation since its organization. 
Mr. Koepsel was married, in March, 1883, to 
Bertha Waugerin, a native of Wisconsin, who 
died in April, 1885, leaving one son, Edward. 
He was married again in February, 1888, to 
Adeline Wegner, of Groton. Mrs. Koepsel died 
in August, 1900, leaving three daughters, the 
oldest, Emma, being eleven years ; the second, 
Frieda, nine years, and the youngest, Lydia, four 
years old. Mr. Koepsel was married the third 
time in April, 1902, to Miss Meta Zahl, of Min- 
nesota, a native of Germany. 



DAVID PATERSON is an American by 
adoption, his native country being Scotland, 
where his birth occurred on the 6th day of Oc- 
tober, 1856. His parents, William and Margaret 
(Duncan) Paterson, were born in Scotland, 
spent their lives there on a farm, and both lie 
buried in the old cemetery where sleep so many 
of their kindred and friends. David Paterson 
was reared to agricultural pursuits and enjoyed 
the advantages of a common-school education. 
When a youth he learned the tanner's trade and 
followed the same at different places in Scot- 
land imtil his twenty-second year, when he de- 
cided to go to America, accordingly in 1879 he 
and his brother, Colin, took passage and in due 
time arrived at their destination, after which 
they spent a couple of months in New York, 
where the subject found employment in a tan- 
nery. In July of the same year the brothers 
went to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where they 
worked at the tannery trade during the two years 
following, and it was while thus engaged that 
David made a trip to South Dakota and entered 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1055 



a tract of land in Kingsbury county. Hiring a 
man to break about twenty acres, he returned 
to his work in Milwaukee and there remained 
until the spring of 1881, when he again came to 
South Dakota to take possession of his land and 
attend to its cultivation. After erecting a small, 
but comfortable dwelling, he planted twenty- 
five acres of his own land and twenty acres on 
the claim belonging to his brother, and in due 
season reaped fair returns from his first effort 
at South Dakota farming. On June 5, 1881, 
Mr. Paterson chose a wife and helpmeet in the 
person of Miss Jane Allardice, of Scotland, the 
marriage being the culmination of a tender at- 
tachment between the two, which began in the 
old country, where they first became acquainted. 
After preparing a home and finding himself in 
circumstances to support a wife, he sent for his 
intended bride, who in due time made the long 
journey from Scotland to South Dakota, where 
the nuptials were duly celebrated. 

Mr. Paterson began life in the west under 
very modest auspices, but by industry and thrift 
he soon succeeded in getting the fair start which 
paved the way to more favorable circumstances. 
He developed a fine farm, raised cattle and other 
live stock, from which he usually received a 
liberal income, and by well-directed and per- 
severing efforts, as well as excellent manage- 
ment, finally reached the condition of prosperity 
he now enjoys. His farm, which embraces an 
area of four hundred acres, is admirably situated 
in one of the richest agricultural districts of the 
county, and with its good residence, a comfort- 
able barn, fences and other improvements 
indicates the home of a man of enterprise, who 
is thoroughly familiar with every detail of agri- 
cultural work. In addition to general farming 
and stock raising, Mr. Paterson, since 1895, has 
been interested in the dairy business, keeping 
about twenty cows, the milk from which finds a 
ready market at the creamery in Lake Preston. 

The career of Mr. Paterson from the time of 
landing on Ajnerican soil with less than one hun- 
dred dollars in his possession to his present 
conspicuous position, among the leading farmers 
and representative citizens of his adopted county, 



presents a series of successes such as few 
achieve and affords many lessons which the 
young of the present generation may study with 
profit. Mr. Paterson is a member of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America of Lake Preston, and 
in politics supports the principles of the Populist 
party, though formerly a Republican. He has 
religious convictions and has been a leading 
member of the Congregational church at 
Lake Henry since its organization in 1886, 
besides serving three years as superintendent of 
the Sunday school. His wife and three daugh- 
ters also belong to the Lake Henry church and, 
like him, they are zealous workers, demonstrat- 
ing by their daily lives the genuineness of their 
religious profession. Mr. Paterson takes a 
special interest in temperance work and all 
agencies for the benefit of the people. He has 
never been a seeker after office or any kind of 
public place, notwithstanding which his fellow 
citizens, irrespective of party, have honored him 
at different times with positions of responsibility 
and trust. 

The family of Mr. and Mrs. Paterson con- 
sists of seven children : Colin C, a young man 
of very good habits, who assists his father on 
the farm ; Beatrice, a graduate of the DeSmet 
high school and a teacher of much promise; 
Frances, also a graduate from the above school; 
Margaret, who is pursuing her studies in the 
high school; William, -David and Florence are 
three bright, intelligent students of wTiom their 
parents feel proud, and in whom are centered 
many fond hopes for the future. 



A. P. ROBINSON, who is justly considered 
one of the leading agriculturists of Brown 
county, was born in St. Lawrence county. New 
York, March 23, 185 1. When a boy he was 
taken to Wisconsin by his parents and spent his 
youth, until nineteen years of age, in Dodge 
county, that state, living on a farm until his four- 
teenth year. Meanwhile he acquired a common- 
school education and on leaving the farm en- 
tered his father's store. In 1869 he went to 




f^ 




HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



native town and secured his early educational 
training in its public schools, after which he com- 
pleted a course of study in St. Lawrence Univer- 
sity, in Canton, that state, where he was gradu- 
ated as a member of the class of 1880. He then 
took up the study of law. in the office of Hon. 
Leslie W. Russell, of that place, one of the most 
eminent members of the bar of the state. He 
served as attorney general of the state, was a 
member of congress for several terms, while in 
1884 he was defeated for the LTnited States sen- 
ate by a few votes, his opponent being the Hon. 
William M. Evarts. He later became an associ- 
ate justice of the supreme court of the state, re- 
signing this office a short time before his death. 
Under this able and honored preceptor Jiidge 
Stearns prosecuted his legal studies, continuing 
in the office of Judge Russell until 1884, when he 
accompanied his preceptor to Albany, being one 
of his clerks while he was serving as attorney 
general. During the winter of 1884 the subject 
took a course of lectures in the Albany Law 
School, having been admitted to the bar of the 
state in November of the preceding year. Judge 
Stearns was graduated in the lav,' department of 
Union University, in Albany, on the 22d of May, 
18S4, having completed the prescribed two-years 
course in one year, and from this institution he 
received the degree of Bachelor of Laws, .\fter 
his graduation he entered upon the active practice 
of his profession in Canton, New York, where 
he remained one year. In April, 1885, he came 
west on business, and became so impressed with 
the attractions of this division of our national 
domain that he located in Wadena, Minnesota, 
where he was associated in practice with Frank 
Wilson until 1887, meeting with excellent success. 
In 1889 his father died and he returned to his 
old home in New York to assist in the settlement 
of the estate. He had previously, in 1887, visited 
South Dakota on business, remaining several 
months, and upon returning to the west he located 
in Fort Pierre, this state, in 1890. Here he has 
since been engaged in active practice, retaining 
at the present time a large and representative cli- 
entage and holding high prestige at the bar of 
the state. He served three terms as state's attor- 



ney for Stanley county, and one term as judge 
of the county court, making an excellent record 
in each of these offices. He was one of those 
prominently concerned in bringing about the 
abolishment of the grand-jury system in South 
Dakota, and he drew the first information for 
murder after the law of 1896 went into effect, 
said information having been drawn on the 3d 
of July of that year, while the law went into 
effect only two days previously. During his 
first term as county attorney he was prosecutor 
in three murder trials, and while serving on the 
county bench he settled the estate of Frederick 
Dupree, amounting to one hundred and eighty 
thousand dollars. The Judge has been an ardent 
and effective worker in the cause of the Repub- 
lican party, and in 1892-3 was secretary of the 
Republican League of the state. Early in the 
vear 1893 Gov. Charles H. Sheldon selected Mr. 
Stearns for one of his staff and commissioned 
him a colonel. He held this appointment for four 
\-ears, and did his full share of the honors and 
entertaining at the South Dakota building at 
the World's Fair in Chicago during the season 
of 1893. He was also appointed and commis- 
sioned by Governor Sheldon to represent this 
state as a delegate to the World's Real Estate 
Congress, held in Chicago during the week com- 
mencing October 12. 1893. He was a charter 
member of Hiram Lodge, No. 123. Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, at Fort Pierre, and the 
charter for the same was secured largely through 
his efforts, as there was no little opposition on 
the part of other lodges. Owint^- to the danger 
entailed in crossing the Missouri river at cer- 
tain seasons of the year he finally secured the 
required dispensation from the grand lodge. He 
has been a strong advocate of the project of build- 
ing a railroad from Pierre to the Black Hills, and 
his opinions and written articles on the subject 
have been freely quoted and republished. 

From the time of locating in the state Judge 
Stearns has been more or less interested in real 
estate and stock raising enterprises, and in 1900 
he effected the organization of the St. Paul & 
Fort Pierre Cattle Company, of which he has 
been vice-president and general manager from the 



I1IST(3RY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



time of its inception. J. B. Little, of St. Paul, 
Minnesota, is president, and H. A. Knight, of 
Minneapolis, is secretary and treasurer. The 
company is capitalized for one hundred thousand 
dollars, and is engaged in the grazing and ma- 
turing of beef cattle, having one of the finest 
stock ranches west of the Missouri river, the same 
being located on the Bad river, two and one-half 
miles south of Fort Pierre, where they have a 
large ranch and fine ranch buildings. They make 
a specialty of buying Texas cattle, shipping them 
to their ranch and here maturing them for the 
Chicago market, while the company are rapidly 
increasing the number of stock fed on the ranch, 
conducting operations on a constantly increasing 
scale. 

On the 24th of November, 1893, Judge 
Stearns was united in marriage to Mrs. Mary A. 
Miar, who was born and reared in Williamsport, 
Pennsylvania, being a daughter of John Heyler, 
a prominent farmer of Tioga county. No chil- 
dren have been born of this union. 



ARTHUR H. SEYMOUR, minister and 
educator, was born in Portage county. Ohio, 
August 15, 1868. His father, Deming. Seymour, 
a native of Massachusetts, was the son of Gideon 
and Corinthia Seymour, both of English de- 
scent, their respective ancestors being among the 
earliest settlers of New England. In his young 
manhood Deming Seymour married ]\Iiss Har- 
riet Hallock, of Portage county, Ohio, whose 
parents, Colonel William R. and Julia Hallock, 
were also descended from old New England 
families, several representatives of which served 
in the colonial army during the Revolutionary 
war. Some of the Seymours were also heroes of 
that struggle and rendered distinguished service 
in the cause for independence. Deming Seymour 
grew to maturity on a farm in Portage countv, 
Ohio, and after his marriage, engaged in 
the pursuit of agriculture near Roostown, 
where he lived until his renioval to Wind- 
liam, in the same county, some years later. 
He departed this life at the latter place in Feb- 
ruary, 1888, leaving a widow who now lives 



with her daughter in the city of Cleveland, and 
three children, namely : Arthur H., of this re- 
view ; Alice, wife of C. R. Bissell, Esq., and 
George D., a prominent business man of Wind- 
ham, Ohio. 

Arthur H. Seymour spent his early life in the 
village of Windham and ip 1886, when eighteen 
years old, was graduated from the high school 
of that place. He then entered the Ohio Nor- 
mal University at Ada, where he completed the 
prescribed course in 1887 and subsequently, 
1898, received the degree of INIaster of Arts 
from the same institution. He also studied one 
year at Oberlin. After finishing his education 
he spent seven j'ears teaching in the schools of 
Portage county, three of which were devoted to 
high school work, and in 1895 he yielded to a 
desire of long standing by entering the ministry 
of the Church of Christ, locating the same year 
with a congregation at Carthage, South Dakota. 
After preaching at that point until September. 
1897, he took charge of the church at Arlington, 
and two years later accejited the superhitend- 
ency of the Arlington public schools, the duties 
of which position he has since discharged in con- 
nection with his ministerial work. Professor 
Seymour's present pastorate has been signally- 
successful. Since entering upon his labors the 
church has prospered along every line of activity, 
its membership has greatly increased, a marked 
spiritual growth has also been noticeable and in 
1902 the beautiful and commodious edifice in 
which the congregation now worships was 
erected and dedicated to the services of God. 
Professor Seymour's religious work has not 
been restricted to the specific field in which he 
now labors, but has extended throughout the 
state, as he served two years as secretary of the 
State Christian Endeavor Union, and one year 
as president, during which time he traveled quite 
extensively, preaching at many points and striv- 
ing to strengthen the organization and add to 
its influence and efficiency. 

As an educator the Professor occupies a 

prominent position among the leading school 

men of South Dakota, and his reputation as a 

I superintendent is second to that of but few of his 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1059 



compeers. The high standard of excellence 
which the educational system of Arlington has 
attained under his management affords the best 
evidence of his ability as an organizer, and it 
is now generally conceded that in point of ef- 
ficiency the schools of that town are among the 
best in the county. His services as an institute 
conductor are in great demand and he spends 
no little part of his vacations in this kind of 
work. He has conducted two very successful 
institutes in Kingsbury county, and has also 
labored efficiently in similar institutions in the 
counties of Gregory and Miner. He is 'a mem- 
ber of the state and national educational associa- 
tions, and of the Religious Education Associa- 
tion. In addition to the above bodies, Professor 
Seymour is identified with the Brotherhood of 
American Yeomen, of Arlington, besides mani- 
festing at all times a lively interest in local or- 
ganizations for the promotion of educational and 
religious endeavor. 

On November 12. 1896, Professor Seymour 
was united in marriage with Miss Jennie I. San- 
ford, of Portage county, Ohio, who died in June, 
i8g8, after a most happy wedded life. In 1900 
he married Miss Flora M. Wilson, of Sioux 
Falls, South Dakota, who for several years had 
been a teacher in the public schools of that 
city. Like her husband, Mrs. Seymour is active 
in all lines of church and general religious work, 
and has served very efficiently as president and 
secretary of the State Qiristian Endeavor Union, 
a position requiring a high order of clerical and 
executive ability. Professor and Mrs. Seymour 
have two children, a son by the name of Gideon 
Deming and a daughter named Margaret Isabel. 



CHARLES W. SNYDER, who is the 
owner of a fine landed estate in Mellette town- 
ship, Spink county, is a native of the Badger 
state, having been born in Waukesha county, 
Wisconsin, on the loth of January, 1855, ^^'^ 
being a son of A. K. and Margaret Snyder, the 
former of whom was born in Gennany, while 
the latter was a native of Ireland. Both died 
in Wisconsin, where the father was engaged in 



agricultural pursuits for many years, having 
been one of the early settlers in Washington 
county. 

The subject grew up on the home farm and 
as a bov became inured to the strenuous work 
involved in its cultivation, while he received his 
educational training in the common schools of 
Hartford, Wisconsin. In 1876 he purchased a 
small farm in Dodge county, that state, and in- 
itiated his independent career as a husbandman. 
As he himself has stated the case, he "farmed the 
same two years, among stumps, stones and 
gravelly hills, the land being high-priced at 
that." His experience in this connection doubt- 
less accounts in no small measure for his marked 
appreciation of the superior advantages found in 
his present location. In the fall of 1878 Mr. 
Snyder disposed of his farm in Wisconsin and 
moved westward into Alinncsota, locating in 
Freeborn county, where he purchased a small 
farm, to wdiose improvement and cultivation he 
devoted his attention for the ensuing seven 
■\-ears, disposing of the property in 1885 and 
coming thence to what is now Spink county. 
South Dakota, his financial resources at the time 
being represented in ~the sum of about two 
thousand dollars. Apropos of this statement we 
may say that his estate at the present time may 
be conservatively placed at a valuation of twenty 
thousand dollars, and the significance of the com- 
parative statements is prima facia. Shortly 
after his arrival in the county Mr. Snyder pur- 
chased a quarter section of land in Mellette 
township, one mile southwest of the present vil- 
lage of Mellette, and this has ever since been his 
place of residence, while as success has crowned 
his efforts he has added to his landed possessions 
from time to time until he is now the owner of 
a valuable ranch of six hundred acres, while the 
permanent improvements are of excellent order, 
everything about the place betokening thrift and 
prosperity, while it may be stated that Mr. Sny- 
der is recognized as an able business man and 
as one who is well entitled to unequivocal con- 
fidence and esteem. To the writer he spoke most 
pertinently as follows, the words well indicating 
his attitude : "I intend to remain here, and. all 



io6o 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



things considered, believe this part of the Jim 
river valley the best agricultural region in the 
United States." On the place is found an 
abundant supply of pure water, the same being 
secured from a fine artesian well. In politics 
Mr. Snyder has always been a stalwart sup- 
porter of the Republican party and its principles, 
though he has never sought office of any sort. 
Fraternally, he is identified with the Modern 
Woodmen of America, the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen and the Royal Neighbors. 

On the gth of October, 1877, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Snyder to Miss Josephine 
Dempsey, a daughter of James Dempsey, of 
Hartford, Wisconsin, and it is pleasing to note 
that the family circle remains unbroken at the 
time of this writing, their twelve children all 
lieing still beneath the home roof, while eight 
of the number were born on the homestead here. 
The names of the children are here entered in 
order of birth : Frank, Harry, ]\Iattie. Helen, 
Frederick, Lois, ]\Iary and Howard (twins), 
Carl, Frances, and \^'illard and Wilburt (twins). 



JOHN H. LeAIAY, editor and publisher of 
the Xorthville Journal, at Northville, Spink 
county, is a native of the city of Philadelphia, 
where he was born on the 27th of January, 1870, 
being a son of Edward F. and Nellie (Robert- 
son) LeMay, the former of whom was born in 
France and the latter in Scotland and both of 
whom have now passed away. The father of 
the subject came to America as a young man, 
and established his home in Philadelphia, while 
he became a prominent contractor in the con- 
struction of railways and bridges. The subject 
secured his early educational discipline in the 
fair old "City of Brotherly Love," and there- 
after completed a course of study in the Shattuck 
]\Iilitary Academy, at Faribault, Minnesota. At 
the age of sixteen years he entered upon an ap- 
prenticeship at the printer's trade, working dur- 
ing vacations for several years in Duluth, that 
state, gaining an excellent knowledge of the de- 
tails and mysteries of the "art preservative of all 
arts," and thereafter he was engaged in the work 



of his trade in divers sections of the union, liav- 
ing come to South Dakota in i8g6, while in 
April, 1900, he settled in Northville and pur- 
chased the Northville Journal, of which he has 
since been editor and publisher. The Journal is 
a five-column quarto and is issued on Thursday 
of each week, while both editorially and in mat- 
ter of letter-press it is an attractive publication, 
while it so fully covers matters of local interest 
that it is a welcome visitor in the majority of 
the best homes in this section. In politics, Mr. 
Le]\Iay is a stanch advocate of the principles and 
policies of the Republican party, and his paper 
is the medium through which he wields the 
greatest influence in local afifairs of a public 
nature, while he is thoroughly progressive in his 
attitude and always ready to lend his aid and in- 
fluence in the furthering of worthy enterprises 
for the general good. He is a member of the 
South Dakota Press Association. He has at- 
tained to the thirty-second degree of Scottish- 
Rite Masonry, being a member of the consistorv' 
at Aberdeen, and is also a member of the Order 
of the Eastern Star, as well as of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. He enjoys un- 
qualified esteem in business and social circles and 
is one of the ]iopular young men of Spink 
county. 

On the 1st of May, 1902, Mr. LeMay was 
married to Miss Miry Elsom, who was born 
and reared in Northville, being a daughter of 
Toseph Elsom, concerning whom a specific 
sketch appears on another page of this work. 
On February 8, 1904, a son was born to this 



RUDOLPH ALEXANDER was born in 
Gemiany, on the 20th of April, 1849, and is the 
third in order of birth of the eight children of 
William and Mary Alexander, while all of the 
children are still living. The parents of the 
subject bade adieu to their fatherland and emi- 
grated with their children to America, taking up 
their abode in Sauk county, Wisconsin, where 
the father engaged in agricultural pursuits, re- 
claiming a good farm and being one of the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



sterling pioneers of that section of the Badger 
state, where both he and liis wife passed the re- 
mainder of their lives. Their eldest son, Rich- 
ard, was about nineteen years of age at the out- 
break of the war of the Rebellion, and in 1864 
he enlisted as a member of a regiment of Wis- 
consin volunteers, and served until the close of 
the war. Though a mere boy at the time, our 
subject was desirous of emulating the example of 
his brother, but his age prevented his being ac- 
cepted as a volunteer. He was reared on the 
homestead farm and early began to assist in re- 
claiming and cultivating the land, while his edu- 
cational advantages were such as were afiforded 
in the somewhat primitive schools of the lo- 
cality and period. After leaving school he re- 
mained on the home farm some time and later 
engaged in farming on his own responsibility, 
in Sauk county, where he continued to reside 
until 1882, when he came to South Dakota, 
arriving in March of that year and visiting 
various sections of the prospective state 
in search of a suitable location. The following 
summer he took up his residence in Faulk 
county, whose organization had been effected 
but a short time previously, and here took up 
a pre-emption claim near the present village of 
Rockham, and there continued to reside about 
twelve years, bringing his farm imder cultivation 
and meeting with excellent success on the whole, 
though he met with the misfortunes entailed 
throughout this section by droughts and grass- 
hoppers in the earlier years. In 1895 he dis- 
posed of his property and purchased a portion 
of his present fine ranch of Frank Bacon. He 
has since added to its area by additional pur- 
chases in the locality until he now has a landed 
estate of one thousand acres, of which a very 
considerable portion is under a high state of 
cultivation while the remainder is used for 
grazing purposes, as he runs an average herd of 
about two hundred head of Durham and short- 
horn cattle, while of late he is giving attention 
also to the raising of the Hereford breed. His 
ranch adjoins the corporate limits of iMiranda 
on the north and he also owns considerable real 
estate in the village, while his residence is one 



of the finest in the county and his ranch build- 
ing large and substantial, affording ample ac- 
commodations for stock and farm products. As 
the line of the Northwestern Railroad is in jux- 
taposition to his ranch he has the best of ship- 
ping facilities, and he has reason to be proud of 
his valuable ranch as well as of the success 
which he has attained since casting in his lot 
with the people of South Dakota. In politics he 
is a stanch advocate of the principles of the 
Republican party, though -never a seeker of pub- 
lic office, and fraternally he holds membership in 
the Knights of the Maccabees. 

On the i2th of April, 1877, Mr. Alexander 
was married to Miss Mary Trueb, who was 
born in Switzerland, where she was reared and 
educated, being a daughter of John Trueb, whey 
came from Germany to America in 1857 "i""^ be- 
caiue a pioneer of Wisconsin. Of the children 
of this union we enter the following brief 
record : Louis is now associated with his father 
in the management of the home ranch ; Annie 
is the wife of Henry Metz, of Miranda ; and 
Edward. Ella, Edna and Hilbert reiuain at the 
parental home. 



JCmN J. PRICE, one of the pioneers and 
highly esteemed citizens of Faulk countv, is a 
native of Wales and a scion of stanch old Welsh 
stock. - He was born in Mothvey, Carmarthen- 
shire, on the 24th of January, i860, and is a son 
of John W. and Guenllein (Joseph) Price, both 
of whom were born and reared in the same sec- 
tion of southern Wales, where the respective 
families have been established from the time 
when the "memory of man runneth not to the 
contrary." In 1868 his parents immigrated ta 
America and settled near Iowa City, Iowa, where 
they remained until 1872, when they took up their 
residence in Williamsburg, Iowa county, Iowa, 
while in 1876 they removed to Jefferson, Greene 
county, Iowa, where the father was engaged in 
farming until his death, which occurred on the 
26th of April. 1003, at the venerable age of 
eighty-three years. He was a man of inflexible 
integrity, keeping himself "unspotted from the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



world," and living a life of honor and usefulness. 
His widow still resides near Jefferson, being sev- 
enty-seven years of age at the time of this writ- 
ing, in 1904. Tlie subject received his educa- 
tional training in the public schools of Iowa, and 
continued to be associated with his father in the 
conduct of his business affairs until he had at- 
tained his legal majority, when he initiated his 
independent career. In March, 1883. he came to 
what is now the state of South Dakota and filed 
entry on the northwest quarter of section 10, 
township 120, range 68, in Faulk county, 
which original homestead is an integral 
portion of his present landed estate. He 
surveyed his own land, as onlv a small 
portion of the land had been surveyed by the 
government at the time, and his residence is lo- 
cated on this original claim. He is now the owner 
of twelve hundred and eighty acres of most fertile 
and productive land, improved with substantial 
and attractive buildings, the property being un- 
incumbered of debt, while he is also the owner of 
a nice residence in the city of Aberdeen, his inten- 
tion being to utilize the same as a family home 
during the period when his children are to avail 
themselves of the educational advantages there 
afforded. He devotes his attention to diversified 
agriculture and the raising of a high grade of live 
stock, and is the owner of two modern steam 
threshing machines, which he keeps in active 
operation each autumn. In politics he is an un- 
compromising Republican, and he has served two 
terms as county commissioner, being chairman of 
the board for a portion of each term. He is iden- 
tified with Camp No. 2692, Modern Woodmen of 
America, at Ipswich, in which he carries an insur- 
ance of three thousand dollars. 

Oh the 8th of June, 1888, ^Ir. Price was 
imited in marriage to Miss Lotta M. Scott, who 
was born in Manchester, Iowa, on the 14th of 
August, 1867, being a daughter of Thomas B. 
and Emma (Pratt) Scott. Mr. and Mrs. Price 
Tiave five children, whose names and respective 
dates of birth are here entered : Joseph. August 
29, 1889 : Florence. August 30, 1891 ; Howard. 
October 13, 1893 ; Marie, October 8, 1895. ^^'^'^ 
Forrest, August 7, 1898. 



WILLIAM T. DALE, a prominent and well- 
known citizen of Mellette, Spink county, was 
born in Daleville, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
on the 6th of January, 1840, and is a son of Mark 
Dale, who was a native of England, whence he 
came when young to Ainerica. in company with 
his parents, who located in Pennsylvania, and en- 
gaged in farming. The father of the subject also 
continued to follow the great basic industry of 
farming during his active life and his death oc- 
curred in Pennsylvania. He was a man of ex- 
alted integrity of character and a prominent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in 
which he was a licensed exhorter. He was twice 
married and the subject of this review was the 
eldest child of the first union. William T. Dale 
was reared on the farm and his early educational 
advantages were such as were afforded in the 
common schools of his native county. At the 
age of thirteen years he set out to see somewhat 
of the world, coming west to Illinois, where he 
remained three years, after which he returned 
to his home in the old Keystone state, where he 
worked for his father for a }'ear, and then went 
to Salem, that state, being employed there until 
the fall of t86o. He then went to the pineries 
of Clearfield county, Pennsylvania, and worked 
at lumbering until spring, then going down the 
river on a lumber raft to Marietta, that state. 
On the 2ist of May, 1861, he tendered his services 
in defense of the L^nion, practically being in the 
Federal army throughout the entire period of the 
great Civil war. He enlisted in Companv K, 
Fifteenth Pennsylvania ^^oluntee^ Infantrv-, for a 
term of three months. D. H. Hastings being cap- 
tain of his company. I\Ir. Dale took part in the 
battle of Falling Waters and was with General 
Patterson when he crossed the Potomac. He re- 
ceived his honorable discharge on the 7th of .Au- 
gust, 1 86 1, and on the T7th of the following 
September re-enlisted, at this time becoming a 
member of Company L. Ninth Pennsylvania \"ol- 
unteer Cavalry, in which he was made commis- 
sary sergeant of his company, which was in com- 
mand of Captain George Smith. His regiment 
was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, 
and in the connection he was a [larticipant in the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1063 



battles of Perryville, Thompson Station, Brent- 
wood, second battle of Franklin, Triune, Shelby- 
ville, Lafayette (Georgia), the three days' fight 
at Ciiickamauga ; the engagement at Mossy 
Creek, the two battles at Fairgarden, and the 
conflict at Cripple Creek, after which he was 
with Sherman in the Atlanta campaign and on 
the memorable march to the sea, taking part in 
the engagements at Black river and Goldsboro. 
He received his second discharge on the 31st of 
December, 1863, but promptly veteranized and 
re-enlisted in the same company and regiment. 
April 14th the regiment started home. Mr. Dale 
received a veteran's furlough on April 26th at 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and arrived in Dan- 
ville on the 28th. On May 22d following he was 
married to Susan Snover, to whom he had been 
engaged at the time of his enlistment in i86t. 
(^)n }i[ay 26th he rejoined his regiment, with 
which he continued in active service until the 
close of the war. receiving his final discharge 
on the i8th of July, 1865. He then returned to 
Pennsylvania, and in the same year removed 
with his wife to Iowa, locating in Independence, 
where he continued to reside for the ensuing fif- 
teen years, being there engaged in the manufac- 
turing of wagons, making and losing ten thou- 
sand dollars. 

On the 20th of May, 1881, Mr. Dale made 
his advent in what is now the town of Mellette. 
South Dakota, with a strong heart and light 
purse to start life anew, being the first settler, 
and in the following fall, October 4th, he here 
opened a grocery store, the only store within 
ten miles, which he conducted until January. 
1883, when he sold out his groceries and put in a 
stock of hardware, in which line he has ever since 
continued, now having a commodious and well- 
equipped store and warehouse, and carrying a full 
line of heavy and shelf hardware, tinware, stoves, 
etc., as well as agricultural implements and ma- 
chinery. He has the unqualified confidence and 
esteem of the people of the community and thus 
hf'.s his business prosperity established on a firm 
foundation, controlling a large and representative 
trade. It was not until about two months after 
his settling here that another resident came tn 



the little frontier village which was represented 
by only one or two buildings at that time. In 
December, 1881, J\Ir. Dale was appointed post- 
master of the place, and has ever since served 
in this capacity save for an interim of four years, 
during the second administration of President 
Cleveland. He has taken a most prominent part 
in the development and civic progress of the vil- 
lage and county, and is one of their most hon- 
ored and popular citizens. He is identified with 
the Grand Army of the Republic and the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, besides a number of insurance 
fraternities, and in politics he is a stalwart ad- 
vocate of the principles and policies of the Re- 
publican party. He is treasurer of the Old Set- 
tlers' Association of Spink county and takes an 
active interest in its affairs. 

In Pennsylvania, on the 22d of May, 1864. 
was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Dale to Miss 
Susan Snover. who was born and reared in 
Wayne county, that state, and of their children 
we record that Mark died at the age of twenty- 
seven years ; Lucy is the wife of J. L. Mead, the 
subject's partner in the hardware store and busi- 
ness ; and Bertha remains beneath the parental 
roof. The family are all members of the Episco- 
pal church and Mr., Dale was for a number of 
years one of the vestry of the St. James church 
at Independence, Iowa, although he never united 
with the church but took an active interest in its 
welfare and supported it in every way possible. 



JOEL WHITNEY GOFF, A. M.. who oc- 
cupies the chair of English in the South Dakota 
State Normal School at Madison, is a native of 
the old Pine Tree state and a scion of families 
early settled in New England, where was cradled 
so much of our national history. He was born 
on a farm near Sangerville, Piscataquis county. 
Maine, on the i6th of October, 1861, being a son 
of Edward and Elizabeth (Spaulding) Gofif. the 
former a farmer and lumberman by occupation. 
Professor Goff has but meager data of absolutely 
authentic order as applying to the remote gene- 
alogy, but it is known that the ancestry in the ag- 
natic line was of English and Irish extraction. 



1064 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



while on the maternal side the lineage is traced 
to Scotch and English forbears. The paternal 
ancestors came to the new world in the early 
colonial epoch and settled in New Hampshire and 
Maine, while representatives of the name were 
valiant soldiers in the Continental line during the 
war of the Revolution. Many followed a sea- 
faring life, and records extant indicate that for 
several generations the love of travel, and partic- 
ularly of the sea, was strongly evidenced by the 
sturdy men of this stock. The parents of the 
subject are now dead. To them were born three 
children, of whom all are still living. 

The early educational advantages enjoyed by 
the subject were such as were afforded in the 
public schools of Sangerville, Maine, after leav- 
ing which he continued his studies for one year in 
Foxcroft Academy, at Foxcroft, that state. La- 
ter he was for two years a student in the Maine 
Central Institute, at Pittsfield. being there grad- 
uated as a member of the class of 1882. In 1882 
he was matriculated in Bates College, at Lewis- 
ton, where he completed the classical course, being 
graduated in June, 1886, with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts, while in i88g his alma mater con- 
ferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts. 
It may be said that Professor Gofif passed his 
boyhood and early youth on the parental farm- 
stead, three miles distant from the village of 
Sangerville, and he early became imbued with 
a distaste for the drudgery of farm life, while 
he was equally appreciative of the value of an 
education and had the self-reliance and determin- 
ation to carry him forward to the coveted goal. 
Through the generous sacrifice of his parents he 
was enabled to prepare himself for college, and 
thereafter certain frienrls of the young man 
had sufficient confidence in him to advance the 
funds requisite to supplement his own earnings 
to a sufficient degree to enable him to complete 
his collegiate course. He labored zealously to 
attain the desired end, teaching school during the 
winter terms and working on farms during the 
summer vacations. After his graduation Pro- 
fessor Goff forthwith turned his attention to 
teaching, finding this the most expedient method 
of earning the money with which to discharge 



his indebtedness and being also animated with a 
distinctive love of the work. During the first 
year after his graduation he held the position of 
principal of Monmouth Academy, at Monmouth, 
Maine, and at the end of the school year he made 
a trip to South Dakota, for the purpose of rec- 
reation and in order to see what he could of the 
great west. The greater portion of the time was 
given to the study of law and the next year he 
accepted the principalship of the Anson Academy, 
at North Anson, ]\Iaine. At the end of the year 
he was elected to his present position as profes- 
sor of English in the South Dakota State Normal 
School, and he has thus been identified with the 
institution in this capacity for the past fifteen 
vears, contributing materially to the prestige of 
the school and to the advancement of its interests 
and the efficiency of its work, while he is held in 
aflfectionate regard by the many students who 
have been trained under his able direction. Pro- 
fessor Goff has an attractive home in Madison 
and is also the owner of valuable farming land 
in Lake county. In politics he has ever been a 
stanch advocate of the principles of the Repub- 
lican party, and while he has never sought or 
desired official preferment he has been an active 
worker in the party cause, having served for 
several years as ciiairman of the Republican cen- 
tral committee of Lake county, while he also rep- 
resented the county on the state central commit- 
tee for two years. He is liberal in his religious 
views and is not formally identified with any 
church organizations, his opinions being essen- 
tially in harmony with the basic tenets of the Uni- 
tarian church. The Professor was initiated into 
the time-honored Masonic fraternity in the spring 
of 1887, when he became an entered apprentice 
in Monmouth Lodge, No. no. Free and Accepted 
Masons, at Monmouth, Maine, in which he was 
passed to the degree of fellowcraft, after which 
he was duly raised to the Master's degree and 
with which he is still affiliated. He has advanced 
through the various grades and attained the thir- 
ty-second degree of Scottish Rite IMasonry, be- 
ing identified with Oriental Consistory, in the 
city of Yankton. 

On the 22d of June. 1892, Professor Goff 



HISTORY OK SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1065 



was united in marriage to Miss Frances Shaw, 
who was born near Cresco, Howard county, 
Iowa, being a daughter of James and Ella Em- 
mons Shaw, who are now residents of Madison, 
South Dakota. Mrs. GofiE was a pupil in the 
State Normal School, where she was graduated 
as a member of the class of 1890, and while 
there she formed the acquaintance of her future 
husband, who was one of her instructors. Prior 
to her marriage she was for one year a teacher 
in the public schools at DeSmet, this state, and 
one year in her alma mater, the normal school. 
Professor and Mrs. Goff have three children, 
namely : Charles Sheldon, who was born on the 
5th of June, 1894; Margaret, born February i, 
1897; and Edward Shaw, February 2, 1901. 

Our subject is quite frequently called upon 
to deliver public addresses on educational and 
other topics and to thus appear before various 
organizations. In the spring of 1903 he was se- 
lected as one of the three judges of delivery at 
the annual meeting of the Northern Oratorical 
League, held in the city of Minneapolis, this 
league comprising the great universities of the 
central and northwestern states, including Chi- 
cago University, the Northwestern, the Iowa, 
Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Oberlin 
College. 



WILLIAM B. VALENTINE comes of 
stanch English stock and is a native of the city 
of Buffalo, New York, where he was born on 
the 31st of March, 1836, being one of the eight 
children of George and Anna (Mee) Valentine, 
while all except one are yet living. Eliza is a 
widow and resides in Cincinnati, Ohio; Sarah is 
the wife of John M. Cooper, of St. Louis, Mis- 
souri ; William B. is the subject of this sketch; 
Elizabeth, a maiden lady, resides in St. Louis, as 
does also Lucy, who is the wife of William N. 
Graves; Albert is engaged in building and con- 
tracting in Tuscola county, Michigan ; ' and 
Helen is the wife of Byron Bailey, of Cincin- 
nati. The parents were both born in Boston, 
England, whence they came to America with 
their respective parents when they were children, 



both having been reared and educated in Buffalo, 
New York, where their marriage was solem- 
nized. John Valentine, grandfather of the sub- 
ject, was a man of means and became an in- 
fluential and prominent citizen of Buffalo, where 
both he and his wife died. John Valentine learned 
the trade of mason in his native city and was a 
man of marked intellectuality and business 
ability. He was engaged in contracting and 
building in Buffalo until 1867, when he removed 
to Michigan, locating in Bay City, which was 
then a village of two or three thousand, and 
there he continued to reside about five years, at 
the expiration of which he removed to Fair 
Grove, Tuscola county, that state, where he con- 
tinued to make his home until his death, which 
occurred in 1886, at which time he had attained 
the venerable age of eighty years. In politics he 
was originally an old-line Whig, but upon the 
organization of the Republican party he espoused 
its cause and ever afterward remained a stalwart 
adherent of the same, taking an active part in 
forwarding the party interests but never aspir- 
ing to official preferment. His religious faith 
was that of the Adventists and he afterward be- 
came a Baptist. His first wife, the mother of 
the subject, died in 1849, and he later married 
Mrs. Ann Dove, no children being born of this 
union. 

William B. Valentine, whose name initiates 
this sketch, was reared to maturity in Buffalo, 
New York, and received his educational training 
m the common schools, while in his youth he 
learned the trade of mason under the effective 
direction of his father and became a skilled and 
able contractor and builder. Upon attaining 
maturity he; left the parental roof and went to 
Ohio, where he remained one season, being en- 
gaged in the work of his trade. He then re- 
turned home, where he remained for a short 
time and then took up his residence in Flint, 
Michigan, where he engaged in contracting and 
building, to which important line of enterprise 
he has ever since given his undivided attention, 
having had to do with the construction of many 
large structures of both public and private order 
and having been long recognized as one of the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



leading contracting builders of South Dakota. 
He remained in Flint about four years and then 
went to Bay City, where he continued in his 
chosen vocation about eight years, having 
erected the first brick building in that now at- 
tractive and populous city, where he continued to 
make his home until 1870, when he came to 
Yankton as one of the pioneers in his line, and 
here he erected the first brick building to be put 
up in the place, while it may be said without 
fear of contradiction that he has erected more 
than one-half of the principal buildings in the 
city. In politics Mr. Valentine is a stalwart ad- 
vocate of the principles of the Republican party, 
and he served for six years as a member of 
the board of county commissioners, while for 
four years he was a member of the city council, 
in each of which incumbencies his efforts and 
advice proved of marked value and met with 
appreciative approval. He also was for one year 
a member of the board of trustees of the state 
hospital for the insane, which is located in his 
home city. Mr. Valentine is not formally 
identified with anv religious organization, but 
his family are members of the Congregational 
church. 

On the loth of November, 1863, Mr. Valen- 
tine was united in marriage to Miss Elfrida E. 
Mathias, who was born in Woolwich, England, 
and of this union have been born four children, 
namely : Florence E., who remains at the par- 
ental home ; Gipsy E., who is the wife of Leon 
J. Potter, of Chicago, Illinois; Dr. Everett M., 
who is a practicing dentist of Yankton ; and 
Oiarles H. A., who is a successful contractor 
and builder of Phoenix, Arizona. 



REV. HENRY KIMBALL WARREN, M. 
A., LL.D., president of Yankton College and 
known as one of the leading educators of the 
state, was born in Cresco, Howard county, Iowa, 
on the 31st of May, 1858, being a son of Chaun- 
cey J. and Mary A. (Kimball) Warren, whose 
two other children arc Alice M., who is the wife 
of Rev. Arthur H. Claflin, of Allegheny, Penn- 
sylvania, and Harriet L., who is the wife of Wil- 



liam H. Davisson, assistant chief engineer of the 
Rock Island Railroad, with headquarters in the 
city of Chicago. Chauncey J. Warren was born 
in Watertown, New York, on the ist of August, 
1 83 1, and when he was about seven years of age 
his parents removed to northern Indiana, becom- 
ing pioneers of that section, where his father de- 
veloped a farm in the midst of the forest wilds. 
Thus the father of the subject was reared under 
the conditions of the pioneer epoch, implying 
that his educational advantages were somewhat 
limited in scope and that a full quota of arduous 
labor fell to his portion in his youthful days. 
After his marriage he removed to Cresco, How- 
ard county, Iowa, where he engaged in farming. 
He there continued to reside until 1861. when he 
returned to Middlebury, Elkhart county, Indiana, 
and purchased his father's old homestead farm, 
to whose cultivation he gave his attention until 
1865, when he disposed of the property and re- 
moved to Ionia county, ?ilichigan, purchasing a 
farm near the village of Portland, where he con- 
tinued in agricultural pursuits until 1872, when 
he took up his residence in the village, where he 
engaged in the operation of saw and planing 
mills and in the manufacture of the products in- 
cidental to the same. At the present time he is 
devoting his attention to the manufacture of an 
improved type of washing machines, still retain- 
ing his residence in Portland. In politics he is 
a stanch advocate of the principles and policies 
of the Republican party, and he and his wife are 
both earnest and active members of the Congre- 
gational church. 

Henry K. Warren, the immediate subject of 
this sketch, acquired his early education in the 
public schools, completing a course in the high 
school at Portland, Michigan. In 1876 he was 
matriculated in Olivet College, at Olivet, that 
state, where he was graduated in the spring of 
1882, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
while three years later his alma mater conferred 
upon him the Master's degree. After his gradu- 
ation Dr. Warren turned his attention to the ped- 
agogic profession, in which his work during the 
intervening years has been attended with most 
gratifying success. He was ordained a clergy- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1067 



man of the Congregational church at Neligh, Ne- 
braska, in the year 1893, and the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws was conferred upon him by OHvet 
College, in 1902. The Doctor was principal of 
the public schools at Mount Pleasant. Isabella 
county, Michigan, during the years 1882-3, and 
from the latter year until 1889 he held the posi- 
tion of superintendent of the public schools of 
Hannibal, Missouri. He was then called to the 
presidency of Gates College, at Neligh, Ne- 
braska, retaining this incumbency until 1894, and 
for the ensuing year he was president of Salt 
Lake College, at Salt Lake City, Utah. He re- 
signed this position in 1895 to accept his pres- 
ent incumbency as president of Yankton College, 
while his labors here have been such as to add 
further to his high reputation as an able and dis- 
criminating educator, the college having been 
eminently prosperous during his administration. 
In politics the Doctor is a Republican, taking a 
lively interest in the issues of the day, and fra- 
ternally he is a member of Yankton Lodge, No. 
loi, Ancient Order of LTnited Workmen. 

On the 25th of December, 1883, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Dr. Warren to Miss Lillian 
Hamilton, of Sturgis, Michigan, and they are the 
parents of three children, Howard H., Ruth K. 
and Robert H., all of whom remain at the pa- 
rental home, which is a center of gracious and 
refined hospitality. 



F. D. WYMx\N is the scion of one of the 
oldest families in the United States, the history 
of his ancestry being traceable m an unbroken 
line to Lieutenant John Weyman (as the name 
was originally spelled), a tanner by trade, the 
date of whose marriage, in November, 1644, 
appears on the old official records of Middlesex 
county, Massachusetts, preserved in the archives 
of Woburn, that state. Of the preceding history 
of this ancestor nothing definite is known, but 
from the most reliable infonnation obtainable 
he subsequently appears to have been a man of 
considerable consequence in his community, and, 
from his title, to have been connected with the 
early military service of the colony. Among his 



immediate descendants was a son by the name of 
Jacob, who also became a tanner and who 
spent his life in his native town of Woburn. A 
son of Jacob Weyman, also Jacob by name, was 
born at the above place, September 11, 1688, 
but of him little is known beyond the fact of his 
having married, and reared sons and daughters, 
one of the former being Daniel, who for a num- 
ber of years operated a saddlery shop at Sud- 
bury, Massachusetts, and who afterwards served 
from 1757 to 1759, inclusive, as a sergeant in the 
French and Indian war. His son, Daniel, Jr., 
born at Sudbury, was a millwright and builder, 
also a soldier, having joined the American army 
at the age of nineteen and taken part in Arnold's 
ill-starred invasion of Canada, during the early 
part of the Revolution. This Daniel married 
and reared a family, among his sons being one 
who was also given the name of Daniel, and who, 
like his father, became a millwright and builder 
Joseph Weyman, son of the third Daniel, was a 
soldier in the war of 181 2, and for a livelihood 
followed the same pursuits as did his father and 
grandfather before him, working at his trades 
for a number of years in Schoharie, New York. 
David Weyman, son of Joseph, and father of 
the subject of this review, was born in New 
York, removed with his parents when a child to 
Crown Point, that state, and, when a y-oung man, 
took up the trades to which h's ancestors had for 
so long a period devoted their attention, to-wit, 
building and equipping of mills. He followed 
his chosen calling in his native state until about 
the year 1844, when he removed to Walworth 
county, Wisconsin, where in addition to the 
manufacttire of flour he carried on farming. 
Subsequently, 1865, he disposed of his interests 
in Walworth county, and took up his residence 
in Schuyler county, Missouri, where he devoted 
his attention chiefly to agricultural pursuits, until 
his death, which occurred on the 21st day of 
January, 1 871. He was a man of intelligence 
and good judgment, successful in his business 
affairs and a most estimable citizen. In politics 
he was a Republican and an active party worker 
and in religion he subscribed to the Baptist faith 
and for manv vears was an earnest and sincere 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



member of the church. The maiden name of 
]\Irs. David W'eyman was Betsy M. Braley ; she 
bore her husband eight children, the following 
being the living representatives of the family : 
Mrs. Hickox, of Ocola, Iowa; F. D., of this 
review; Mrs. Adelia Murphy, of Frederick, 
Kansas, and J. Henry, who lives at St. Charles, 
Iowa. 

F. D. WATiian was born in Essex county, 
New York, on the 14th of June, 1841. He en- 
joyed the advantages of a common-school edu- 
cation, and after remaining with his parents until 
nineteen years of age, severed home ties and 
taught for one year at Byron, Illinois. He then 
worked his way as far as Des Moines, Iowa, 
supporting himself and paying his e>^penses by 
teaching vocal music at his various stopping 
places, and to this manner of life he gave his 
attention until the breaking out of the great 
Civil war, when he tendered his services to his 
country in its time of need. In August, 1861, 
he enlisted in Company K, Eighth Wisconsin 
Volunteer Infantry, with which he bravely and 
honorably served until August, 1865, a period 
of three years, during which time he took part 
in some of the most celebrated campaigns of the 
rebellion, participating in thirty-three battles, 
among the more notable of which were Fort 
Donelson, Shiloh, the two engagements at Cor- 
inth, the various battles of the Red River ex- 
pedition, siege of Vicksburg, Chattanooga, 
Nashville, Tuscumbia, luka and many others, to 
say nothing of skirmishes and minor engage- 
ments. The regiment to which Mr. Wyman be- 
longed gained a national reputation on account 
of the live eagle, "Old Abe," which was carried 
at his head during the war, and which, stuffed, 
has since been preserved as an interesting and 
priceless war relic in the state house at Madi- 
son, Wisconsin. 

Mr. Wyman was mustered out of the service 
at Uniontown, Alabama, but, unlike the great 
majority of his comrades and Union soldiers gen- 
erally, he did not return home, choosing rather 
to remain in the south, where he felt convinced 
money could be made raising cotton, for which 
there was such a great demand immediatelv fol- 



lowing the war. Locating in Perry county, Ala- 
bama, he at once engaged in cotton culture, and 
in addition thereto soon became interested in 
the public affairs of that section of the state. He 
had a varied and interesting experience, and dur- 
ing his six years' residence in the south was 
honored with several important official positions, 
in all of which he acquitted himself worthily 
and won the esteem and confidence of the peo- 
ple. He served two years in the state senate, 
where he made a creditable record, and was also 
elected superintendent of the Perry county pub-, 
lie schools. While serving in the latter capacity, 
he organized the local educational system, in- 
troduced many reforms and valuable modern in- 
novations, secured teachers of recognized pro- 
fessional ability from the north, and before the 
expiration of his term placed the schools upon 
the solid and successful basis which they have 
ever since enjoyed. Mr. Wyman also held the 
office of revenue assessor while a resident of 
Alabama, discharging the duties of the same 
about two years, and for the same length of time 
served as sheriff of Perry county, resigning the 
latter position in 1 871, when he moved to Schuy- 
ler county, Missouri. After living about two 
and a half years in the latter state, Mr. Wyman, 
in the fall of 1873, came to South Dakota, bring- 
ing with him a herd of horses for the Yankton 
market. Choosing this city for his permanent 
location, he at once began buying and shipping 
live stock on quite an extensive scale, and in 
connection therewith also opened a meat market 
which soon became the leading establishment of 
the kind in the place. To him belongs the credit 
of shipping the first carload of cattle that ever 
left Yankton by rail and he has since followed 
the business with a large measure of success 
financially, being still engaged in the handling of 
live stock of all kinds, also running a meat 
market, the patronage of which has steadily in- 
creased with the city's growth. In addition to 
the enterprises noted, he has large agricultural 
interests in the vicinity of Yankton. 

Mr. Wyman has been an unswerving suppor- 
ter of the Republican party ever since old enougli 
to exercise the right of franchise, and it was in 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1069 



recognition of his valuable services as an organ- 
izer, manager and leader as well as by reason of 
his personal qualifications, that he was honored 
with the several official positions referred to in 
preceding paragraphs. In September, 1898, he 
was appointed steward of the State Hospital for 
tlie Insane at Yankton and held the office for one 
year, when a change of administration caused 
his removal with that of others connecteil with 
the institution. Subsequently, however, in the 
spring of 1901, he was reappointed to the same 
position, and since that time has attended closely 
to his line of dut\', his official course being 
straightforward, business-like, eminently hon- 
orable, and above the slightest suspicion of any- 
thing savoring of disrepute. In 1886 Mr. Wy- 
man was elected sheriff of Yankton county and 
served as such for a period of six years, having 
been twice chosen his own successor. In 1894 he 
was sent to the general assembly and served dur- 
ing the exciting session of that year, taking an 
active part in all the deliberations of the body, 
working on important committees, besides intro- 
ducing bills which, becoming laws, have had a 
decided influence in promoting the interests of 
the state. He fs a member of Phil Kearney 
Post, No. 2,y. Grand Army of the Republic, also 
belonging to the Knights of Pythias and the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America. 

While a resident of the south. Mr. Wyman, 
in 1866, married a cultured southern lady by the 
name of Miss Mattie C. Robertson, a representa- 
tive of an old and popular family of Uniontown, 
Alabama. To this marriage six children have 
been born, only three of whom are living, 
namely: Mattie M., wife of F. A. Klopping, of 
Yankton ; Albert Lee, a prominent attorney of 
the same city, and Lute A., who is engaged in 
buying and shipping stock at this point. 



ELIJAH P. FOWLER is a native of New 
York, born in the city of Rochester, September 
25, 1844. He spent about eight' years of his 
bovhood in Massachusetts, where he attended 
school, and he also pursued his studies for some 
time in the state of his birth, remaining in the 



latter until entering the army as a member of 
the Fourth New York Artillery, in the year 
1863. He shared with his comrades the vicissi- 
tudes of war in the Virginia campaigns, under 
General Hancock, and participated in a number 
of hard-fought battles and minor engagements, 
serving with an honorable record until the sur- 
render of the Confederacy, at Appomattox. Mr. 
Fowler was mustered out at Washington City 
in 1865, and after spending several months at 
home went the following spring to Virginia City, 
Montana, near which place he devoted his at- 
tention to prospecting and mining until 1873, 
meeting with varied success the meantime. In 
the latter >'ear he went to Nevada, after 
which spending about eight months in the 
Eureka and other mining camps, traveled 
over different parts of the country until 1875, 
when he returned to New York and engaged in 
the nursery business about five miles from his 
native city of Rochester. 

After a brief experience in that industry Mr. 
Fowler again became animated by a strong de- 
sire to go west ; accordingly in the spring of the 
following year he disposed of his nursery in- 
terest and went to Nevada, thence after a brief 
period to California, and from the latter state 
came to the Black Hills, in the early part of 
1877, ^"d engaged in prospecting in the vicinity 
of Deadwood. Two years later he went to Min- 
nesota and purchased cattle, which he drove 
through to the Belle Fourche river, where 
he began his career in the live-stock busi- 
ness and in which locality he prosecuted 
the enterprise with very encouraging success 
for a considerable length of time. Later 
he bought cattle in Texas, but in the winter of 
1886-7 suffered quite heavy loss on account of 
the death of a large number of his animals, also 
encountered severe financial embarrassment the 
following spring in the destruction of a large 
part of his property in Central City, by fire. 

In the winter of 1887, shortly after the lay- 
ing out of Whitewood, Mr. Fowler bought land 
adjoining the town site, which he surveyed into 
lots and made an addition to the original plat. 
With the growth of the town these lots found 



1070 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ready purchasers, and from their sale he realized 
handsome profits on the original investment. 
The following year he opened a general store in 
the new town and within a comparatively short 
time was at the head of a large and profitable 
business which he continued with encouraging 
success until September, 1902, when he sold out 
his establishment, at that time being the principal 
mercantile house in the place. After his severe 
financial reverses in 1887, ]\Ir. Fowler discon- 
tinued the live-stock business for several years, 
but in 1899 he again engaged in cattle raising, 
running his herds during the several years fol- 
lowing at Slim Buttes, Butte county. Later, 
however, he disposed of his live stock and turned 
his attention to other pursuits, principally real 
estate, in which he still deals quite extensively, 
owning at this time large and valuable tracts of 
grazing and farm lands in the vicinity of White- 
wood, also desirable lots in the town, besides 
private property of no small magnitude. Mr. 
Fowler owns one of the finest residences in 
Whitewood and has spared no reasonable ex- 
pense in beautifying and adorning the same. Be- 
lieving in using good things of this world to 
enhance comfort and happiness, he has supplied 
his place with modern conveniences and many of 
the lu.xuries of life, thus providing liberally for 
those dependent upon him and making his home 
noted for the hospitality which pervades its pre- 
cincts. 

Mr. Fowler is an earnest supporter of the 
Republican party, and wields a strong influence 
in political circles; he was elected in 1890 and 
re-elected in 1892, to represent Lawrence county 
in the general assembly. His record as a legis- 
lator is an honorable one, as he labored faith- 
fully for the good of his constituency and for 
the best interests of the state. Fraternally, he is 
identified with the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, aside from which he gives counte- 
nance and support to charities and benevolence, is- 
respective of name or order. 

Mr. Fowler, on August 23, 1880, was mar- 
ried, in Central City, to Miss Augusta Larsen, 
who has borne him seven children, viz: Mabel, 
Arthur G., Elmer P., Emmit Willis, Walter E., 



Lester and Cora A., all living but Cora and 
Arthur. The last named departed this life on 
the 13th of May, 1903, at the age of twenty 
years. Cora was the oldest, being born May 
23, 1881, and died August 23, 1883. 



JACOB P. RESNER, cashier of the bank 
of Scotland, Bon Homme county, was 
born in Plotzk, South Russia, on the 14th 
of March. 1863, being a son of Andrew 
and Anna ^l. (Lyer) Resner, of whose 
two children he is the elder, the other 
being Dr. Andrew K., who is a successful practic- 
ing physician at Planning, Iowa. The father 
of the subject was a native of Wurtemberg, Ger- 
many, where he was reared to the life of a farmer, 
continuing to there devote his attention to this 
great basic industry until 1877, when he emi- 
grated with his family to the United States, 
spending a short interval in the state of Iowa 
and thence coming directly to the territory of 
Dakota, locating in Hutchinson county, where 
he entered claim to three quarter sections of land, 
under the homestead, pre-emption and tree-cul- 
ture acts, respectively, and here he has ever since 
continued to make his home, having improved 
his land and placed it under a high state of culti- 
vation and having thus contributed to the devel- 
opment of the resources of the great state of 
South Dakota. He has been successful in his la- 
bors and is now one of the representative and 
substantial citizens of Hutchinson county. He 
is a Republican in politics antl has held various 
local offices of public trust, ever retaining the 
confidence of his fellow men. His devoted and 
cherished wife died in the fatherland, in 1869, 
and he later married Miss Caroline Stortz, and 
they are the parents of four children, Daniel and 
John, who reside in Scotland, Bon Homme 
county : Emanuel, who remains at the parental 
home; and Mary, who is the wife of L. W. 
Hoffman, of the village of Scotland. 

Jacob P'. Resner, to whom this sketch is dedi- 
cated, was about eight years of age at the time 
of ' his father's emigration from Germany to 
.•\merica, and he received his education in both 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1071 



German and English, having prosecuted his stud- 
ies in the pubHc schools of South Dakota after 
the family here took up their abode. That he 
made good use of the advantages thus accorded 
is shown in the fact that he was for three years 
successfully engaged in teaching in the district 
schools of Hutchinson county prior to his mar- 
riage, which occurred in 1885. After his mar- 
riage he settled on a quarter section of land in 
that county, having secured the same as a pre- 
emption claim, proving up on the property after 
attaining his legal majority. He made good im- 
provements on his farm and devoted his atten- 
tion to its cultivation for four years, at the ex- 
piration of which he removed to Scotland, in the 
adjoining county of Bon Homme, to accept the 
position of treasurer and manager of the Farm- 
ers' Elevator Company. He retained this incum- 
bency two years and then purchased the eleva- 
tor of the company, continuing its proprietor 
for the ensuing seven years, when he disposed of 
the property and became manager of the eleva- 
tors here owned by the Spencer Grain Company. 
;in important corporation engaged in the hand- 
ling of grain throughout this section. He re- 
mained with this concern three years, during 
which time he was also individually engaged in 
the real-estate business, having his office on Main 
street in the village of Scotland. He continued 
in the real-estate business after severing his con- 
nection with the company mentioned and also 
accepted a position as manager of the local inter- 
ests of Shannerd Brothers, extensive grain buy- 
ers of Bridgewater, this state. In August, 1902, 
Mr. Resner accepted the position of cashier of the 
Bank of Scotland, one of the solid and popular 
monetary institutions of this section, and he has 
since continued to give most discriminating serv- 
ice in this important executive office, gaining to 
the bank new prestige and handling its aflfairs 
with marked ability and to the entire satisfaction 
of its stockholders. Shannerd Brothers were most 
reluctant to dispense with his services and finally 
prevailed upon Mr. Resner to continue in their 
employ as manager of their interests in this sec- 
tion, and the details of the business he now as- 
signs principally to a deputy, though maintain- 



ing a general supervision of all transactions. The 
political support of the subject is given in an 
unqualified way to the Republican party, of 
whose principles he is a stanch advocate, having 
been prominent in political affairs in a local way 
for a number of years past. He served four 
years as a member of the village council and for 
the past six years has been a valued member of 
the board of education, while for three years he 
was incumbent of the office of village assessor 
and is in tenure of this office at the time of this 
writing. His religious faith is that of the Ger- 
man Congregational church, of which both he 
and his wife are zealous members, and he is prom- 
inently identified with the Masonic fraternity, 
being affiliated with Scotland Lodge, No. 52, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Scotland Chapter, No. 
31, Royal Arch Masons: Yankton Commandery, 
Knights Templar ; and Yankton Consistory, No. 
I, of. the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, at 
Yankton. He also holds membership in Security 
Lodge, No. 48, Knights of Pythias, and Scotland 
Camp, No. 977. Modern Woodmen of America. 
On the 14th of December, 1885, Mr. Resner 
was united in marriage to Miss Christina Red- 
mann, of Yankton county, whither her parents 
emigrated from Russia in 1873. Of this union 
have been born seven children, namely : Edward, 
William, Julius. Amerlia. Lydia, Bertha and Ar- 
thur. 



CHESTER C. TORRENCE is a native of 
the state of Iowa, having been born in Jones 
county, on the 13th of April, 1873, the fourth 
in order of birth of the six children of Adam 
C. and Almira J. (Rooney) Torrence. Of. the 
children we enter brief record as follows : George 
A. is a resident of Bon Homme county and is 
associated with our subject in the management 
of the old homestead farm and in the cattle busi- 
ness ; Cora B. is the wife of Frank Cole, of 
York county, Virginia : Nellie M. is deceased ; 
Chester C. is the immediate stibject of this 
sketch ; David M. is assistant to the subject in 
the postoffice ; and Giarles is deceased. Adam 
C. Torrence was born in Fairfield county, Ohio, 



I072 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



on the 27th of August, 1840, and in 1849 ^^^ ac- 
companied his parents on their removal to Tama 
county, Iowa, where he was reared to manhood, 
receivinof a good common-school education. In 
1861 he tendered his services in defense of the 
Union, enlisting as a private in Company B, 
Ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, with which he 
proceeded to the front, remaining in the service 
three and one-half years, or until the close of 
the war, his regiment having served under both 
Sherman and Grant, while the history of the 
Ninth Iowa is the record of his gallant military 
career 'as a true and loyal son of the republic. 
After the close of the war he returned to Iowa, 
and after his marriage located on a farm in 
Jones county, where he continued to reside until 
1883, when he came to South Dakota and pur- 
chased a farm three miles east of the town of 
Bon Homme, in the county of the same name. 
In i8g8 he removed to Montana and later to 
Idaho, which is now his home, while he is de- 
voting his attention to fruit culture. He is a 
Republican in politics and both he and his wife 
are exemplary members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, while fraternally he is a valued 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
He is a man of influence in his community but 
has never sought the honors of public office of 
any order. Elmira J- (Rooney) Torrence was 
born in Warren county, Indiana, on the 27th of 
September. 1843, and she accompanied her par- 
ents on their removal to Jones county, Iowa, in 
1850, being there reared and educated, and thus 
both the Torrence and Rooncy families are to be 
noted as having been pioneers of the favored 
state of Iowa. 

Chester C. Torrence, whose name initiates 
this article, received his early educational train- 
ing in the public schools of his native county in 
Iowa and was about ten years of age at the time 
of the family removal to South Dakota. As 
earh^ as his fourteenth year he began to depend 
upon his own resources, being a boy of marked 
energy and ambition, while his self-reliance 
I)rompted him to jirove his mettle, and he worked 
on farms or at such other occupations as he 
could secure. For nearlv six vears he devoted 



his attention to the drilling of artesian wells in 
various portions of South Dakota, being suc- 
cessful in his efforts and being careful to con- 
serve his financial resources. In 1900 he located 
in Tabor and engaged in the buying and shipping 
of live stock and .grain, in wdiich connection he 
has shown much business tact and acumen and 
has met with unqualified success. In June, 
1901, he was appointed postmaster of the town, 
and in 1902 he here established a local telephone 
exchange, which he still owns and operates, the 
same being of great benefit to the town through 
the facilities which it offers. For the past two 
years, he has also served as deputy sheriff of 
the county, while in politics he is a stanch ad- 
vocate of the principles and policies of the Re- 
publican party, and fraternally is identified with 
Tabor Camp, No. 9087, Modern Woodmen of 
America, and Canton Lodge of Home Guard- 
ians. He is held in high esteem in the com- 
munity and is known as one of the energetic and 
progressive young business men of the county. 
On the 1st of February, 1903, Mr. Torrence 
was united in marriage to Miss H. Emma Cooley. 
daughter of Hon J- P. Cooley, of Bon Homme 
countv. 



ADRIAN L. FISH, the able and popular 
clerk of the courts of Bon Homme county, was 
born in Adel, Dallas county, Iowa, on the 15th 
of November, 1867, being a son of Abner K. and 
Margaret E. (Wallace) Fish, of whose five chil- 
dren he is the eldest of the four surviving, the 
others being as follows : Oliver, who is a resident 
of Good Springs, Nevada ; Lillian, who is the 
wife of James Farran, of Sioux City, Iowa; and 
Alice, who remains at the parental home. Abner 
K. Fish was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, in 
the year 1845, and when he was a boy he accom- 
paiiied his parents on their removal to Iowa, 
where he was reared to maturity. His father, 
Abner H. Fish, was one of the pioneer settlers 
of Dallas county, that state, where lie took up 
government land and engaged in farming, becom- 
ing one of the prominent citizens of that section. 
He lived to attain a patriarchal age, having died 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1073 



in the home of his son, Peter Fish, in the city of 
Chicago, at the age of ninety-eight years, having 
been a resident of Chicago about twenty years 
prior to his demise. The father of our subject 
enlisted for service in the Union army in 1863, 
lieing at the time eighteen years of age and go- 
ing as a substitute for an elder brother, who had 
been drafted. He served until the close of the 
Rebellion, under command of General Sherman, 
and soon after his return to Iowa he was married, 
and he there continued to devote his attention to 
agricultural pursuits until 1873, when he came 
tn Union county. South Dakota, which was yet 
a portion of the undivided territory of Dakota, 
and here he purchased a tract of land near Elk 
Point, where he continued to be engaged in farm- 
ing and stock growing until 1881, when he re- 
moved to Sioux City, Iowa, where he engaged in 
the coal and wood business. In 1891 he removed 
thence to Texas county, Missouri, where he has 
ever since been engaged in the culture of fruit, 
being one of the honored and successful citizens 
of that locality. He is a stalwart Republican 
in his political proclivities and is a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

Adrian L. Fish, whose name initiates this 
sketch, secured his preliminary education in the 
public schools of his native county, and he then 
entered the normal school at LeMars, Iowa, 
where he was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1889. He later attended the university at Ver- 
million, South Dakota, for two years, and in 1890 
he took a business course in the University of the 
Xorthwest, at Sioux City. Iowa. As early as his 
nineteenth year he inaugurated his efforts as a 
teacher in the public schools, and through his 
efforts in the pedagogic profession he earned the 
funds which enabled him to complete his collegi- 
ate work. In 1891 he entered the law office of 
Carter & Brown, of Sioux City, and under their 
preceptorship continued the technical reading of 
the law about two years, becoming well grounded 
in the principles of the science of jurisprudence. 
In the spring of 1892 he came to Tyndall, South 
Dakota, and here was associated for one year 
with P. W. Smith, in the abstract business. At 
the expiration of this time he was appointed dep- 



uty register of deeds for Bon Homme county, 
in which capacity he rendered most efficient serv- 
ice for the ensuing four years, and in 1897 he 
was elected to his present responsible and exact- 
ing office of clerk of the courts, in which he has 
since served consecutively, which fact indicates 
the appreciative estimate placed upon his services. 
He was elected for a fourth term in the autumn 
election of 1902. In politics he accords an un- 
faltering allegiance to the Republican party, tak- 
ing an active interest in the cause and contribut- 
ing to the furtherance of the same in a local way. 
His religious faith is that of the Congregational 
church, of v/hich his wife likewise is a devoted 
member, and fraternally he is identified with 
Tyndall Lodge, No. 95, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows ; Istaska Tribe, No. 32, Improved 
Order of Red Men : and Tyndall Camp, No. 2463, 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

Oji the 31st of October, 1892, Mr. Fish was 
united in marriage to Miss Alice Benbow, of 
Sheldon, Iowa, and of their four children two are 
living. Warren D. and Francis F. 



JOHN H. SANFORD is the owner of a fine 
ranch of six hundred and forty acres in Bon 
Homme county, while he maintains his business 
headquarters and residence in the attractive town 
of Tyndall, the county seat. The state of Illi- 
nois figures as the place of his nativity, since he 
was born in Ogle county, on the 12th of Decem- 
ber, 1847, a son of Tared W. and Henrietta fStur- 
gis) Sanford, of whose eight children only three 
are living at the present time-'— James W., who is 
a resident of Santa Clara county. California; 
Sarah, who is the wife of ;\^ron Rood, of Pueblo, 
Colorado; and John H., who is the subject of 
this sketch. Jared Sanford was born in the state 
of Connecticut, where he was reared to the sturdy 
discipline of the farm and where his marriage was 
solemnized. Some time after thus assuming con- 
nubial responsibilities he removed to Ogle countv, 
Illinois, where he was engaged in farming until 
about 1870, when he removed to Missouri and 
later to Dickinson county, Kansas, where he 
passed the remainder of his life, his death occur- 



1074 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ring in 1876, at which time he was seventy-one 
years of age. While his vocation in life was 
farming, he had distinctive mechanical ability, and 
for a number of years he did much work along 
this line, in connection with his agricultural oper- 
ations, while he was also a successful stock- 
grower, our subject having gained his initial ex- 
perience in the breeding of stock under' the ef- 
fective direction of his father. Jared Sanford was 
a stanch Republican in his political proclivities 
and he and his wife were zealous members of the 
Congregational church, the latter having entered 
into eternal rest in 1854, at the age of forty-five 
years. 

John H. Sanford was reared to farm life and 
secured his early educational discipline in the 
public schools, supplementing the same by a 
course in F. E. Arnold's business college, at Rock- j 
ford. Illinois. On attaining his legal majority he i 
came into possession of a valuable farm, of one 
hundred acres, the same having been a part of his 
father's old homestead in Ogle county, Illinois, 
and he devoted his attention to the cultivation 
of the same until the time of his marriage, which 
occurred on the 30th of December, 1869, when 
he led to the hymeneal altar Miss Louisa E. 
Stone, the only daughter of Joseph and Mary 
Stone, of Ogle county. Illinois, and thereafter he 
was associated with his father-in-law in the man- 
agement of the latter's farm until 1880, while 
for a number of years he was extensively engaged 
in the buying and shipping of live stock, in which 
line of enterprise he was very successful, gain- 
ing a knowledge which has made him one of the 
best judges of stock to be found in South Dakota. 
In 1880 he came to South Dakota and secured a 
quarter section of land in Bon Homme county. 
He has since added to his landed estate in the 
county until he is now the owner of an entire 
section, as previously stated, and though the tract 
is valuable farming land he devotes his attention 
more specially to the cattle industry, being an 
extensive feeder of stock and a breeder of reg- 
istered cattle and hogs. He has done much to 
improve the grade of stock raised in this section 
and his finely improved farm shows some of the 
finest specimens of cattle and hogs to be found in 



the confines of the state. He is progressive and 
discriminating in his methods and has been very 
successful in his operations since coming to South 
Dakota. In politics he gives his support to the 
Republican party, but he has never been an as- 
pirant for public office. Fraternally he is identified 
with Bon Homme Lodge, No. loi, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. He and his wife are the parents 
of one child, Harry Otis, who is a veterinary 
surgeon, being successfully established in the 
practice of his profession at Tyndall. 



JAMES H. DICKSON, one of the leading 
citizens of Scotland, Bon ' Homme county, is a 
native of the old Empire state, having been born 
on a farm in St. Lawrence county. New York, 
on the 4th of September, 1844, a son of John and 
Catherine (McGregor) Dickson, both of whom 
were born in Scotland, of stanch old Scottish 
lineage, while both came to America as children, 
their respective parents having emigrated to this 
country and taken up their abode in the state of 
New York. The father of the subject passed 
his entire life in the northern part of that state, 
where he was a successful farmer. He passed 
away at the age of seventy-four years, having 
been a man of prominence and influence in his 
section and having held various local offices. He 
identified himself with the Republican party at 
the time of its organization and ever afterwards 
remained a stanch advocate of its principles, 
while both he and his wife held membership in 
the Presbyterian churcli. the, latter having been 
summoned into eternal rest at the age of forty- 
two years. 

The subject was reared under the invigorat- 
ing discipline of the home fami and after avail- 
ing himself of such advantages as were afforded 
in the common schools of the locality and period 
he completed a course of study in the Eastman 
Business College, at Poughkeepsie, New York. 
He continued to assist in the work and manage- 
ment of the home farm until he had attained the 
age of twenty-three years, when he \vent to the 
town of Gouverneur, St. Lawrence county. New 
York, where he engaged in the dry-goods busi- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1075 



ness in company with George P. Tait, under the 
firm name of Tait & Dickson. This partner- 
ship continued about five years, at the expiration 
of which tlie subject retired from the firm and 
engaged in the merchant-tailoring business in 
partnership with James Brodie, under the title 
of Brodie & Dickson. Four years later, in 1879, 
Mr. Dickson established himself in the same line 
of enterprise at Adams, Berkshire county, 
Massachusetts, being there a member of the 
firm of Dickson & Legate. In 1882 he came to 
South Dakota and located in Scotland, Bon 
Homme county, where he has ever since main- 
tained his home. Here he opened a general 
mercantile establishment and engaged also in 
the buying of grain and hogs, in each of which 
lines of enterprise he built up an excellent busi- 
ness within a short interval. Upon the com- 
pletion of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railroad through this section Mr. Dickson- built 
and operated a chain of grain elevators from 
Lesterville to Armour and Parkston, while later 
he erected a large elevator in Geddes, and 
several of these monuments to his enterprising 
spirit are still owned and operated by him. He 
is a heavy shipper of Iiogs and grain, and in 
connection with the latter branch of industry 
he handles agricultural implements and coal 
in the various towns in which he buys grain. 
These statements clearly indicate that he is a 
man of affairs and one of marked capacity in 
an executive way, but he has proved equal to 
meeting all exigencies and is known as a careful, 
able and upright business man and as a citizen 
of value to the county and state. In 1894 his 
mercantile house and stock in Scotland were 
entirely destroyed by fire, but a fortnight later 
he had installed a new and comprehensive stock 
in his present attractive quarters, so that his large 
trade suffered but slight interruption. 

In politics ]\Ir. Dickson gives an unqualified 
allegiance to the Republican party and has been 
a prominent figure in its councils in the state, 
having been repeatedly a delegate to state and 
other conventions, while he has been strongly im- 
portuned by his party friends to permit the use 
of his name in connection with candidacy for the 



state senate, but he has no ambition for official 
preferment, realizing that the demands of his 
business are exacting and require his undivided 
attention and believing that he has discharged 
his civic duties in his fforts to promote the cause 
of his party and to further the ends of good 
governiucnt. He is one of the prominent and 
valued members of the Presbyterian church, in 
which both he and his wife are zealous workers, 
and he has held the ofiice of elder in the church 
since the age of twenty-eight years, having 
been elected to this office while a resident of 
Gouverneur, New York, and having been chosen 
incumbent of the same office in Scotland soon 
after identifying himself with the church here. 
Fraternally he is affiliated with Scotland Camp, 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

On the 14th of February, 1872, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Dickson to Miss Mary 
J. Tait, who was born and reared in Rossie town- 
ship, St. Lawrence county, New York, and they 
are the parents of one son, Cyrus J., who is as- 
sociated with his father in business. 



FREDERICK D. WICKS, who is presiding 
on the bench of the county court of Bon Homme 
county, an incumbency which he has retained for 
nearly a decade, is a native of the old Empire 
.=tate of the L^nion, having been born in Fort Ed- 
ward, Washington county, Xcw York, on the 
31st of July, i86fi, and being the youngest of the 
seven children of Walter W. and Ellen (Ken- 
nedy) Wicks, all of whom survive except one, 
a brief record concerning them being as follows : 
William E. died at the age of forty-five years; 
Mary remains at the parental home; Walter J. 
is superintendent of the Indian school at Spring- 
field. South Dakota ; Sarah is the wife of James 
D. Keeting, a printer and publisher in Fort Ed- 
ward, New York; Fannie is the wife of Frank 
B. Hall, a successful merchant of Llartford, New 
York; Albert H. is a cigar manufacturer and to- 
bacconist at Fort Edward, that state ; and Fred- 
erick D. is the immediate subject of this sketch. 
The parents are still living at the old home in 



T076 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Fort Edward, where the father of the subject 
has long been engaged in building and contract- 
ing. He is a Republican in his political procliv- 
ities and both he and his wife are members of the 
Episcopal church. 

Judge Wicks secured his early educational 
training in the public schools of his native town 
and later supplemented this discipline by a course 
of study in the Fort Edward Collegiate Institute. 
In 1886 he began the reading of law in the office 
of R. O. Bascom, a prominent member of the bar 
of Fort Edward, and under his able preceptor- 
ship he continued his technical studies until he be- 
came eligible for admission to the bar, gaining this 
distinction in 1890. Soon afterward he came to 
South Dakota and located in Scotland, where he 
established himself in the practice of his chosen 
profession. His ability so manifested itself that 
his novitiate in his new field of endeavor was of 
short duration and he soon took a prominent 
place at the bar of the county, while a gratifying 
recognition of his personal popularity and his 
professional talent came only two years after he 
took up his abode in the town, since in 1892 he 
was elected county judge, of which important 
office he has since remained consecutivelv incum- 
bent save for an interim of two years. He has a 
distinctively judicial mind, is well poised and im- 
partial in his rulings, which are based on a thor- 
ough knowledge of the science of jurisprudence 
in its various branches, and he has dignified the 
bench by his able and discriminating services. 
He is also city attorney of Scotland, a position 
which he has held for four terms, and he is known 
as a skillful advocate and a conservative and able 
counsellor. In politics the Tudge gives an un- 
wavering allegiance to the Republican partv, in 
whose cause he has rendered timelv and efficient 
service, and both he and his wife are communi- 
cants of the Protestant Episcopal church, while 
fraternally he is identified with Scotland Lodge, 
No. 52, Free and Accepted Masons ; Scotland 
Chapter. No. 31, Royal Arch Masons, and Ori- 
ental Consistory, No. i. Ancient Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite, in Yankton. 

On the I2th of November, 189^, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Judge ^^1cks to Aliss Marv 



L. Wood, of Springfield, this county. She was 
born in Springfield, Bon Homme county, in 1874. 
Judge and Mrs. Wicks have three children, Em- 
ma, Walter and Ellen. 



JOHN L. TURNER, in point of consecutive 
identification the oldest merchant in the state of 
.South Dakota save for one exception, retaining 
his residence and business headquarters in the 
attractive town of Springfield, Bon Homme 
county, is a scion of a family which has been 
identified with the annals of American history 
from the early colonial epoch, and is himself a 
native of Geneseo, Livingston county. New York, 
where he was born on the 26th of August, 1843, 
being a son of Lyman and Martha (Lewis) Tur- 
ner, of whose five children he is the eldest of the 
three surviving, his sisters being I\Iary H., a 
maiden lady, residing in New York city, and Isa- 
bella L., the wife of Charles S. Pease, of Albany, 
New York. The fatlier of the subject was born 
in Connecticut, in 1809, his ancestors in the ag- 
natic line having emigrated from England to 
America in 1648, taking up their abode in the 
colony of Massachusetts, whence representatives 
later went into Connecticut, where the name be- 
came one of prominence, as representative of the 
highest order of citizenship. Members of the 
family rendered valiant service as Continental 
soldiers during the war of the Revolution, and 
patriotism and loyalty have been distinguishing 
family traits in successive generations. As a 
voung man Lvman Turner removed with his 
father. Mattlie\' Turner, who was born in 1777. 
to New York city, whither an older brother had 
preceded them, and after remaining for a short 
time in the national metropolis he removed to 
Geneseo, that state, wlierc he establishd himself 
in the mercantile business. In later years he be- 
came extensively engaged in the cattle business 
in that section of the Empire state, and was a 
member of the company which imported the first 
shorthorn cattle into that district. He eventually 
retired from mercantile pursuits and devoted his 
entire attention to the breeding of blooded live 
stock, in which connection he gained a high repu- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



tation, being very successful in his efforts and 
becoming- an extensive land owner. He died at 
the age of fifty-five years, in the very prime of his 
honorable and useful manhood, his demise oc- 
curring in 1864. He was originally an old-line 
Whig in his political adherency, and espoused the 
cause of the Republican party at the time of its 
organization, ever afterward remaining a radical 
advocate of its principles, though he never sought 
ofificial preferment. He and his wife were com- 
municants of the Protestant Episcopal church and 
were persons of sterling character, retaining the 
high regard of all who knew them. The mother 
of the subject entered into the eternal life in 1861, 
at the age of forty-two years. 

John L. Turner remained at the parental home 
until he had attained the age of twenty-two years 
and after completing a course of study in the high 
school at Geneseo he entered a private boarding 
school conducted by Dr. Reed, at Geneva, New 
York, and later continued his studies in a com- 
mercial college at Rochester, that state. After 
thus completing his educational discipline he be- 
came actively associated with his father in the 
cattle business, which he continued after the death 
of his father until 1867, when he removed to Ann 
Arbor, Michigan, where he resided until 1S70. 
giving his attention to property interests of the 
estate in that locality. In the >ear last mentioned 
he cast in his lot with what is now the state of 
South Dakota, coming to Springfield and here es- 
tablishing himself in the general merchandise 
business. About three years later he became asso- 
ciated with Henry E. Ronesteel in the prosecu- 
tion of the enterprise, under the firm name of 
Bonesteel & Turner, and this partnership obtained 
for a quarter of a century, being dissolved in 
1898, after which John W. Turner, the son of our 
subject, became associated with him in the busi- 
ness, proving an able coadjutor, and the enter- 
prise has since been continued under the firm 
name of J. L. Turner & Son. The business has 
grown to extensive proportions, drawing its trade 
from a wide radius of contiguous country, while 
the stock carried is select and comprehensive and 
the firm is one whose reputation for reliability and 
fair dealing is of the highest. Mr. Turner is also 



the owner and operator of the Artesian roller 
mills in Springfield, anf! for many years he also 
conducted a drug store in the town, having re- 
cently disposed of this branch of his business. 

In 1864 ]\Ir. Turner enlisted as a member of 
the Fifty-eighth New York National Guards, 
in which he was made sergeant major, and during 
liis term of service he was on guard dutv at El- 
mira. New York, receiving his honorable dis- 
charge in December, 1864. Mr. Turner has ever 
been a stanch adherent of the Republican party 
and has taken an active interest in promoting the 
party cause. Soon after coming to Springfield 
he was appointed postmaster of the town, being 
the first incumbent of this office, which he con- 
tinued to hold for a number of years, while his 
also was^the distinction of being the first mayor 
of the town, of which position he was likewise 
incumbent for several years. He maV well be 
mentioned as one of the founders and builders of 
Springfield, to whose interests he has ever been 
most loyal, doing all in his power to promote its 
advancement and material upbuilding. In 1896 
he was candidate of his party for presidential 
elector, and in 1892 he was an alternate delegate 
to the national Republican convention, in Min- 
neapolis. He has been a member of the Masonic 
fraternity since 1865 and is a charter member of 
Moimt Zion Lodge, No. 6, of Springfield ; he was 
a delegate at the organization of the grand lodge 
of the territory of Dakota, being senior grand 
warden of this body in 1879. He is also a char- 
ter member of the Masonic Veterans' Associa- 
tion and is identified with DeMolay Commandery, 
No. 3, Knights Templar, at Yankton, and with 
El Riad Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in Sioux Falls. He 
is one of the prominent members and a communi- 
cant of Ascension church, Protestant EpiscopaL 
in whose organization he took an active part, 
and he has been a member of its vestry from that 
time to the present. He was for several years a 
member of the board of education of Springfield, 
and in 1883 he was a member of the state con- 
stitutional convention, which assembled in Sioux 
Falls. 

On the 17th of May, 1865, was solemnized 



1078 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the marriage of 'Sir. Turner to Miss Mary A. 
Finley, of Geneseo, New York, and they became 
the parents of one son, John W., who was born 
on the 8th of October, 1866, and who is now as- 
sociated with his father in business, being one of 
the able and popular young men of the county, 
Mrs. Turner entered into eternal rest on the 8th 
of ?vlarch, 1884, baving been a devoted communi- 
cant of the Episcopal church, and on the 2d of 
Februarv, 1888, Mr. Turner was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Fanny E. Howes, of Springfield, 
who presides with gracious dignity over their at- 
tractive home, no children having been born of 
this union. 



CHARLES M. KEELING, M. D.— The 
attractive town of Springfield, Bon Homme 
county, has in Dr. Keeling an able physician and 
surgeon and one whose prestige and success 
place him among the representative members of 
the medical profession in the state. The Doc- 
tor was born in Bartholomew county, Indiana, 
on the i6th of February, 1863, being a son of 
William W. and Mary R. (Speirs) Keeling, all 
of whose five children are yet living, namely : 
John R,, who is a merchant at Shelbyville, Indi- 
ana; William F., who is engaged in the drug 
business at Nemaha, Nebraska; Charles M., who 
is the subject of this sketch ; Dr. James E., who 
is a practicing phvsician at Sulphur Hill, Indi- 
ana; and Marian R., who is the wife of Edward 
L. Culver, of Omaha, Nebraska. 

The father of the subject is a representative 
of one of the pioneer families of Indiana, hav- 
ing been born in that state in the year 1830, and 
being there reared to maturity. As a young man 
he prepared himself for the practice of medicine, 
entering the Eclectic Medical College of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and being there graduated about 
1858. He entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession in Indiana, where he remained until 1863, 
when he went to Nemaha, Nebraska, where he 
continued the work of his noble profession very 
successfully, becoming one of the leading citizens 
of that section. In 1863 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Nebraska legislature, and shortly after 



the expiration of his term of office he returned 
to Indiana, locating at Sulphur Hill, where he 
continued in the active practice of medicine 
about a quarter of a century, being recognized 
as one of the leading physicians of that section. 
About i8go he returned to Nemaha, Nebraska, 
where he has since maintained his home and 
where he still devotes more or less attention to 
his profession, though well advanced in years. 
He is a- Democrat in his political proclivities, and 
his religious faith is that of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. I\Tary R. Speirs was born in 
Indiana in 1840 of Scotch parents. 

Dr. Charles M. Keeling was an infant at the 
time of his parents' removal to Nemaha, Ne- 
braska, and was about three years of age when 
they returned to Indiana, and thus he secured 
his early educational training in the public 
schools of Sulphur Hill, that state. At the age 
of sixteen years he was matriculated in Harts- 
ville College, at Hartsville, Indiana, where he 
continued his literary studies for some time. 
He was thereafter engaged in teaching in the 
public schools for five years and then began 
reading medicine under the effective direction of 
his honored father, thus continuing until 1885, 
when he entered the Medical College of Indi- 
ana, at Indianapolis, where he was graduated as 
a member of the class of 1887, receiving his 
coveted degree of Doctor of Medicine. Soon 
after his graduation he came to South Dakota 
and took up his abode in Springfield, where he 
has since continued in the practice of his pro- 
fession, being known as a skilled physician and 
surgeon and having a large and constantly in- 
creasing business. In 1899 he completed a post- 
graduate course in Chicago, while in 1901 he 
took another post-graduate course in New York 
city, ever aiming to keep in touch with the ad- 
vances made in the sciences of medicine and 
surgery and thus the more thoroughly fortifying 
himself for his practical work in connection with 
the same. He is a member of the State Medi- 
cal Society, of which he was president in 1901, 
and is also identified with the American Medi- 
cal .Association. In politics he gives his allegiance 
to the Dcinncratic party and fraternally he holds 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1079 



membership in the lodge and chapter of the 
Masonic order and in the adjunct order of the 
Eastern Star; also the lodge and Daughters of 
Rebekah. Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Modern Brotherhood, and the Knights of 
the Maccabees, and the Modern Woodmen of 
America. 

On the 22(1 of March, 1882, Dr. Keeling was 
united in marriage to Miss Viola E. Osborn, of 
Sulphur Hill, Indiana, and they have one child. 
Era. Airs. Keeling's father, John C. Osborn, 
was born in 1840, in Ohio, and was a school 
teacher. He died in 1866. The mother, whose 
maiden name was Roanna Hawkins, was born 
in Indiana in 1841. 



PAUL LANDMANN, who is successfully 
engaged in the real-estate and lumber business in 
the town of Scotland, Bon Homme county, was 
born in Odessa, Russia, on the 22d of February, 
1853, being a son of Anton and Louisa (Hofif- 
man ) Landmann and the only survivor of their 
three children. His brother, Emanuel, died in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the 28th of Sep- 
tember, 1898, as a result of fever contracted in 
Porto Rico, where he served as a member of 
Company F, Third Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
during the Spanish-American war. The father 
of our subject was born in Germany and always 
remained a citizen of that empire, though he 
went to Russia as a yoimg man and there main- 
tained his home about a quarter of a century. A 
year after the subject came to the LTnited States 
and located in South Dakota his parents joined 
him here, and this state continued to be their 
home until their deaths. 

Paul Landmann was reared to maturity in 
Russia, and there acquired his educational train- 
ing in the excellent schools of his native place. 
In 1873, at the age of twenty years, he bade 
adieu to his native land and set forth to seek 
his fortunes in ^America. He landed in New 
York city and from the national metropolis con- 
tiiuied his westward journey to what was then 
the territory of Dakota, arriving in Yankton, the 



capital, with a cash fund of only five dollars. 
There he was for seven years employed in the 
hardware store of the firm of Wynn & Buck- 
waiter, in the capacity of salesman, and in 
1880 he came to Scotland, Bon Homme county, 
where he engaged in the same line of enterprise 
upon his own responsibility, beginning opera- 
tions upon a modest scale and succeeding in 
building up an excellent trade. He continued 
the business about seven years, when he disposed 
of the same, having been elected to the office of 
county treasurer, in which he served one term, 
after which he was incumbent of the office of 
register of deeds of the county for a term, having 
proved a most efficient executive in each of these 
capacities. After his retirement from office Mr. 
Landmann returned from Tyndall, the county 
seat, to Scotland, where he engaged in the real- 
estate business, in which he has since continued, 
having handled much valuable property in this 
and other counties of the state. In February, 
1903, Mr. Landmann expanded the sphere of his 
business operations in Scotland, by establishing 
extensive lumber yards in the town, and he 
already controls a large part of the lumber busi- 
ness of this section. He is the owner of eleven 
hundred and twenty acres of land in Hutchinson 
county and much valuable real estate, both im- 
proved and unimproved, in the village of Scot- 
land. He is a stalwart Republican in his po- 
litical adherency and is a strong factor in the 
councils of his party in this section, and both 
he and his wife are members of the Reformed 
church. 

Mr. Landmann was united in marriage to 
Miss Caroline Serr. of Scotland, this county, 
and they are the parents of seven children. 



JAMES H. RASKIN, one of the best-known 
and most popular residents of Bon Homme 
county, and late mayor of the town of Scotland, 
was a native of the sunny south, having been 
born in the city of Atlanta, Georgia, on the 17th 
of February, 1845, a son of John and Elizabeth 
(P.enton) Baskin, of v/hosc seven children four 



io8o 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



are living at the present time, namely: Anna, 
who is the wife of a Mr. Harris, of Atlanta; 
Walter, who likewise continues to reside in that 
city, as does also Zachariah ; and James H., the 
immediate subject of this sketch. The father of the 
subject came of stanch English lineage and was 
himself a native of the .state of South Carolina, 
where he was reared to maturity. He finally 
removed thence to Atlanta, Georgia, where he 
established himself in the blacksmithing and 
wagon-making business, in which he continued 
to be actively engaged for many years, and in 
that city he continued to reside until his death, at 
the age of seventy years, while his devoted wife 
passed away when the subject was quite young. 

James H. Baskin was reared and educated in 
his native city and was a lad of sixteen years at 
the time of the outbreak of the Civil war. His 
sympathies were naturally with the section in 
which he had been reared, and he was among 
many others of the chivalrous and valiant young 
men of the south who tendered their services to 
the Confederate government. At the age of six- 
teen years he enlisted, in September, 1861, a^ a 
member of a Georgia regiment, heavy artillery, 
with which he continued in active service until 
November, 1864, when he was captured at Fisher 
Hill, Virginia, and taken to the Union prison 
at Point Lookout, Maryland, being released on 
parole two weeks later. He had participated 
in many of the important engagements of the war 
and had proved a valiant defender of the "lost 
cause." After his release from captivity he passed 
a short interval in New York city and then 
drifted westward to St. Louis, Missouri, while in 
t868 he came as a pioneer to the territory of Da- 
kota, which was then on the frontier of civiliza- 
tion. For a year after his arrival he was in the 
employ of the firm of Duett & Bogue, traders, at 
Fort Thompson. About this time the Indians 
were removed to the Santee agency, and our sub- 
ject was sent to that point in the employ of the 
government, and there he continued in service un- 
til 1875, when he took up his residence in Spring- 
field, Bon Homme county, where he established 
himself in the hotel business, in which he there 
continued for the long period of eleven years. 



gaining a wide acquaintanceship throughout 
what is now the state of South Dakota and be- 
coming one of the most popular pioneer hotel men 
of the state. In 1886 he came to Scotland, where 
he conducted the Baskin hotel, which is a pop- 
ular resort of the traveling public, no pains being 
spared to provide the best possible accommoda- 
tions and cater to the comfort and pleasure of the 
guests of the house. That the subject was a man 
of versatility is shown when we state that for 
seven years after coming to Scotland he was edi- 
tor and publisher of the Scotland Journal, which 
he made an able exponent of local interests 
and a factor of importance in public and political 
afl^airs in this section. In 1890 he was elected 
mayor of the town, and served continuously as 
chief executive of the municipal government from 
that time to the date of his death, save for an 
interim of two years. He maintained a progres- 
sive policy and yet conserved economy in all de- 
partments, while his long retention in office was 
the best voucher of the popular appreciation ac- 
corded his well-directed efiforts in the connection. 
In i8Qg Mr. Baskin was elected a member of the 
lower house of the state legislature, and during 
his service of one term he proved an able and 
discriminating legislator, taking an active part in 
the work of the body, while he had the distinc- 
tion of being chairman of the important commit- 
tee on ways 'and means and also held membership 
on the committee on railroads and that on mili- 
tary affairs. He was originally an adherent of 
the Democratic party, but was a man who ever 
showed the courage of his convictions, and in 
harmony therewith he transferred his allegiance 
to the Kepublican party in 1896, during the cam- 
paign of which year he gave effective service in 
the support of the candidacy of President McKin- 
ley, and he afterward continued a stalwart advo- 
cate of the cause of the "grand old party." He 
and his wife were communicants of the Protest- 
ant Episcopal church, and fraternally he was 
identified with Scotland Lodge, No. 52, Free and 
Accepted Masons, and Scotland Chapter. Xo. 31. 
Royal Arch Masons. 

On the 1st of December, 1888, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Baskin to Miss Mary 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Kula, of this county, and they became the par- 
ents of two sons, James E. and Frederick R., both 
of wlioni remain at the parental home. Mr. Bas- 
kin departed this hfe on February 29, 1904. 



ELMER W. MONFORE, a well-known 
and highly respected citizen of Springfield, 
Bon Homme county, was born in the town of 
Center Lisle, Broome county, New York, on 
the 1 8th of November, 1853, being a son of Peter 
and Diana A. (Howland) Hon fore, of whose 
eight children seven are living, namely : Emer- 
son J., who resides at Waverly, Kansas; Elmer 
W., who is the subject of this review; Cora A., 
who is the wife of Qark S. Rowe, of Sioux 
Falls, South Dakota; Lana H., who is the wife 
of Alfred Burkholder, of that city; Alice A., 
who is the wife of Charles McBeth, of Mankato, 
Minnesota; Luna B., who is the wife of Pro- 
fessor Joseph W. Whiting, a member of the 
faculty of the normal school in Springfield, 
South Dakota; and Peter G., who is likewise 
a resident of this place. 

The father of the subject was born in Dela- 
ware county. New York, in 1821, and in the 
old Empire state he learned the trade of miller. 
In 1865 he came west to Putnam county, Illinois, 
where he was engaged in farming for the en- 
suing three years, at the expiration of which 
he removed to Marion count}^, Iowa, where he 
remained about two 3'ears and then came to 
South Dakota, locating in Springfield, and he 
was tliereaftcr employed for a number of years 
by the government as miller at the Santee Indian 
agency and later at the Ponca agency, after 
which he lived a retired life in Springfield until 
his death, which occurred in 1895. On coming 
here he took up homestead and tree-culture 
claims, while at the time of his death he had re- 
cently disposed of three hundred and twenty 
acres of excellent land near Springfield. In 
politics he was a stanch Republican, and he was 
a man who ever commanded unqualified esteem. 
His wife was born in Broome county, New 
York, and is now living with a married daugh- 
ter at Mankato, Minnesota. 



Elmer W. Monfore was about twelve years 
of age at the time his parents came from New 
York to Illinois, and his early educational train- 
ing was secured in the common schools and sup- 
plemented by a course in Bryant & Stratton's 
Business College in Des Moines, Iowa. After 
coming to South Dakota he devoted his atten- 
tion to farm work for about five years, and later 
he was employed, for varying intervals, in the 
mercantile establishments of D. W. Currier, M. 
H. Day and P. M. Liddy, all of Springfield, the 
last mentioned having succeeded Mr. Day. In 
1 88 1 he engaged in business for himself, con- 
ducting a drug and grocery store here for two 
years, at the expiration of which he admitted 
to partnership in the enterprise his cousin, Ed- 
ward C. Monfore, the firm title of E. W. Mon- 
fore & Company being adopted at that time. 
This partnership continued until Januan' i, 
1903, when the firm disposed of the business, 
since which time our subject has had no active 
business associations. In politics he is a Re- 
publican and he has served as a member of the 
board of aldermen of Springfield and also as 
treasurer of the town and as a member of the 
board of education. He and his wife are valued 
members of the First Congregational church, 
and fraternally he is identified with Mount Zion 
Lodge, No. 6, Free and Accepted Masons ; Scot- 
land Chapter, No. 52, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Springfield Lodge, No. 7, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and Deborah Lodge, No. 52, 
Daughters of Rebekah; Springfield Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias, and Springfield Chapter. No. 
II, Order of the Eastern Star. 

On the i6th of October, 1883, Mr. Monfore 
was united in marriage to Miss Emma R. Sec- 
combe, of Springfield, and they became the 
parents of four children: Charles E. (died Feb- 
ruary 6, 1904), Alberta A., Fred H. and Milli- 
cent L. 



LEVI D. WAIT. — Douglas couny is favored 
in having so able a representative of its interests 
as the Armour Herald, which is recognized as 
one of the best count}- newspapers to be found in 



io82 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the state. Of the corporation of Wait & Dana, 
editors and publishers of the Herald, the subject 
of this sketch is the senior member and presidait 
qf the company. He is a native of the state of 
Wisconsin, having been born in Sylvan Corners, 
Richland county, on the 26th of June, 1867, a son 
of Lorenzo and Rachel (Townsend) Wait. In 
the family were ten children, and of the number 
the following seven survive : Helen, who is the 
wife of J. M. Cross, of Richland county, Wiscon- 
sin ; Nora, who is the wife of A. P. Monnell. of 
Selby. Iowa ; lona, who is the widow of William 
Jones, and resides in Oacoma, South Dakota ; 
Nellie, who is the wife of E. S. Wallace, of Rich- 
land county, Wisconsin ; Dighton C. resides in 
Richland county, Wisconsin ; Charles A., who is 
likewise a resident of that county; and Levi D., 
who is the immediate subject of this sketch. Lo- 
renzo Wait was born in the city of Cleveland, 
Ohio, in 1829, and there he was a boyhood friend 
of the late President Garfield, being reared to 
maturity in that city. As a young man he became 
identified with the lake marine industry, sailing 
on variotis vessels on the Great Lakes for a num- 
ber of years, after which he removed to Wiscon- 
sin and located in Richland county, where he has 
since maintained his home, save for a period of 
twelve years passed in Kimball. South Dakota, 
whence he and his wife returned to their old 
home in Wisconsin in 1894. Both are devoted 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
in politics Mr. Wait is a stanch adherent of the 
Democratic party. 

The subject of this sketch was reared to ma- 
turity in his native county and his educational 
discipline was secured in the public schools. At 
the age of twenty years he entered upon an ap- 
prenticeship at the printers' trade, in the office 
of the Flandreau Herald, at Flandreau, South 
Dakota, his parents having been residents of this 
state at the time. He continued to be identified 
with the publication of this paper for three years 
and was thereafter employed in the office of the 
Pipestone Star, at Pipestone, Minnesota, until 
1802. when he removed to Howard. Miner 
county, South Dakota, where he became edifor 
of the Howard Advance, retaining this position 



one year, at the expiration of which he entered 
into partnership with his present associate, Mr. 
Dana, and purchased the plant and business of 
the Miner County Democrat, of Howard, con- 
tinuing the publication of the paper until 1898, 
when Mr. Dana became the sole owner of the 
enterprise, having purchased our subject's in- 
terest. Mr. Wait was thereafter employed for 
one year as a traveling commercial salesman, and 
he then returned to Howard and purchased the 
paper and business of his former partner, the 
publication being continued under his control for 
the ensuing year. In }ilay, 1901, he came to 
Armour, Douglas county, and purchased the 
plant of the Armour Herald, and the first edition 
after the property came into his hands was issued 
under his name, as editor and publisher. A week 
later, however, yir. Dana became his associate 
in the enterprise, and they have since successfully 
carried the same forward under the firm name 
of Wait & Dana (recently merged into a stock 
company). Mr. Wait is inflexible in his alle- 
giance to the Democratic party and takes a deep 
interest in the questions and issues of the hour, as 
well as in local affairs of a public nature. He has 
just completed a term as alderman for the city 
of Armour. In 1900 he v/as chosen permanent 
secretary of the Democratic state convention at 
Yankton, and since that time has been identified 
more or less with the organization of the party 
in the state. Mr. Wait has devoted a great 
deal of time and energy the past winter to fur- 
thering the ambitions of Hon. E. S. Johnson to 
become national • Democratic committeeman for 
South Dakota, and at the state convention in 
Sioux Falls March 30. 1904. saw his eflforts re- 
warded by the unanimous election of Mr. John- 
son to the head of the party within the state. By 
reason of his activity in party councils Mr. Wait 
is probably one of the best known Democrats in 
South Dakota today, and has the respect and 
esteem of his party and business associates at all 
times. During the summer of 1903 Mr. Wnit 
was one of the prime movers in the organization 
of the Publishers' ]\Tutual Insurance Association, 
fo Huron, now the strongest mutual insurance 
company in the state. Mr. Wait was elected it^ 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



first president and was unanimously re-elected 
by the board of directors at their annual 1904 
meeting. He is also serving his second term as 
treasurer of the South Dakota Press Association, 
one of the strongest bodies of newspaper men in 
the United States. He is a thorough church- 
man of the Protestant Episcopal church, of which 
he was made a communicant in igoo, and he is 
now warden of the parish in Armour. Frater- 
nally he is identified with the Masons, Knights 
of Pythias and the Modern Woodmen of Amer- 
ica. 

On the 25th of February. 1893. was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Wait to Miss Lulu 
A. Wallace, of Kimball, this state, and they are 
the parents of one son, Harry W., who was 
born on the 8th of September, 1895. Mrs. Wait 
also is a communicant of the Episcopal church 
and is an active worker in the same. 



RUEL E. DANA, secretary and treasurer 
of the corporation of Wait & Dana, editors and 
pulilishers of the Annour Herald, was born in 
Fairmount, Minnesota, on the 23d of May, 1872, 
being a son of Charles T. and Lucinda ( Oilman) 
Dana, of whose five children he is the eldest of 
the three now living, the others being Frank N., 
who is a resident of St. Paul, Nebraska, and 
Myrtie L., who is the wife of William A. Tor- 
bert. of Deavertown, Ohio. The father of the 
subject came of stanch New England stock, of 
English extraction. He was born in the state 
of Vermont, in 1820, and as a young man he set 
forth to seek his fortunes in the west, becoming 
one of the pioneers of the state of Wisconsin, 
where he remained for a few years and then re- 
peated his pioneer experiences in Minnesota, 
where he resided many years. His death oc- 
curred in St. Paul, Nebraska, August 4, 1893, at 
the age of seventy-three years. In his youth he 
learned the trade of carpenter, becoming a skilled 
artisan in the line, and he was for many years 
successfully engaged in contracting and build- 
ing, while he also was prospered in his operitions 
as a farmer. In 1887 he removed to Howard 
county, Nebraska, and later to Thomas county, 



in the same state, where he remained about three 
years. He identified himself with the Republican 
party at the time of its organization in Wiscon- 
sin and continued to support its cause for many 
years, but finally identified himself with the Peo- 
ple's party, of whose principles he continued a 
stanch advocate until his death, at which time 
he was incumbent of the office of county com- 
missioner of Thomas county. In earlier years he 
held, at various times, practically all the county 
offices in the section where he resided, having 
never been defeated for any office for which he 
was a candidate, and having been a power in 
local affairs, showing much ability in the mar- 
shalling of political forces and being an in- 
fluential factor in his party councils. His wife, 
who was born in the province of Quebec, 
Canada, July 20, 1842, is now sixty-two years 
old. I\Ir. Dana held membership in the ^letho- 
dist Episcopal church in his earlier life, while his 
widow is a member of the Baptist denomination. 
Ruel E. Dana, the immediate subject of this 
sketch, remained at the parental home until he 
had attained the age of sixteen years, his edu- 
cational advantages having been such as were 
afforded in the public schools during a portion 
of the winter periods, his time during the sum- 
mer months being taken up with work on the 
farm. At the age noted he initiated his independ- 
ent career, having, in the summer of 1887, 
entered the office of the Advance, a weekly paper 
then published at Worthington, Minnesota, 
under the editorial direction of A. P. Miller, a 
prominent journalist and a poet of considerable 
reputation. There Mr. Dana gained his initia- 
tion into the mysteries of the "art preservative," 
remaining until the autumn of the same year, 
when he accompanied his parents on their re- 
moval to Nebraska, where he secured employ- 
ment in the office of the St. Paul Phonograph 
and later was an employe of the Greeley Herald, 
at Greeley Center, that state. In October, 1892, 
Mr. Dana came to Howard, South Dakota, ar- 
riving here without funds, since the proceeds of 
his former labors had largely been devoted to 
assisting in the support of the family. Previous 
to his arrival he had been offered employment in 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



tlie office of the Miner County Democrat, in 
Howard, resigning his position with the Greeley 
(Nebraska) Herald to accept the South Dakota 
position, and less than two months later, on the 
ist of December, 1892, he formed a partnership 
with Levi D. Wait, his present associate, and 
purchased the plant of the Democrat "on tick," 
which they continued to publish under the same 
title, the enterprise proving a financial success, 
as is evident when we revert to the fact that the 
young men were able to pay for their plant 
within eleven months after its purchase, while 
they advanced the paper to a position among the 
best and most widely quoted in that section of the 
state. In 1898 Mr. Dana purchased his partner's 
interest and individually continued the publica- 
tion about one year, when he sold the plant and 
business to Mr. Wait, and he then secured em- 
ployment in a local mercantile establishment, 
his impaired health having necessitated this 
change of vocation. In the autumn of 1900 Mr. 
Dana went to Seneca, Missouri, where he took 
a working interest in the Seneca Dispatch, with 
an ultimate view of purchasing the property if 
satisfied with the business outlook and climatic 
conditions. After a six-months residence in the 
Missouri town he was not satisfied, however, and 
thereafter made a trip through Oklahoma, In- 
dian Territory and Texas, returning to Howard, 
South Dakota, in April, 1901, and there rejoin- 
ing his family. Within the period of his ab- 
sence Mr. Wait had sold the Democrat and in 
May, 1901, had come to Armour and con- 
tracted for the purchase of the Armour Herald, 
publishing the first copy under his name. One 
week later Mr. Dana joined his old partner here 
and purchased a half interest in the business, 
which has since been continued under the firm 
name of Wait & Dana, merged into a corpor- 
ation January 5, 1904, all the stock being owned 
by the subject and his partner. 

In politics Mr. Dana is a zealous advocate of 
the principles of the Democratic party, in whose 
work he has taken an active part. While a resi- 
dent of Howard he held the office of village 
recorder for two terms. In the fall of IQ02, yield- 
ing to the importunities of his party friends, he 



became a candidate for the office of auditor of 
Douglas county, and he was elected to this office, 
notwithstanding the fact that the normal political 
complexion of the county is strongly Republican 
and that he had been a resident of the county 
only eighteen months at the time of his election. 
He received a majority of thirty-one votes, and 
was appreciative of the honor conferred upon 
him by the voters of the county, while his service 
has proved the wisdom of their confidence and 
support. Fraternally, Mr. Dana is a ]\Iason 
and a member of Washington Lodge, No. 104, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Armour. 
He passed through all the chairs of Lodge No. 
48, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, at 
Howard and has been a representative to the 
grand lodge of the state. He is also identified 
with the encampment of the order and with the 
Daughters of Rebekah, while he is affiliated with 
Armour Camp, No. 2746, Alodern Woodmen 
of America. He and his wife are communicants 
of the Protestant Episcopal church. Mrs. Dana 
is at present noble grand of Pleiades Lodge, No. 
86, of Armour, and is the representative to the 
state assembly, of South Dakota, for 1904. 

On the 15th of August, 1894, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Dana to Miss Ellen 
-Moore, of Howard, this state, and they are the 
parents of three children, Florian Alice, Charles 
M. and Clarence E. 



JAMES H. EXON, one of the prominent and 
honored citizens of Charles Mix county, formerly 
incumbent of the office of county judge, as well 
as that of county auditor, and the principal figure 
in the County Seat State Bank, at Wheeler, is a 
native of the "right little, tight little isle" of Eng- 
land, having been born in Somersetshire, on the 
nth of July, 1858, being a son of Henry and 
Sarah Exon, both of whom were likewise burn 
in Somersetshire, of stanch old English stuck. 
Both secured excellent educational advantiL;t^ 
and both received life certificates as teachers in 
England, where both gained distinction and pro 11- 
inence in educational circles, the father ha\iii^ 
devoted the major portion of his active cancr 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



to the pedagogic profession, while his wife also 
devoted herself to teaching for several years. 
The former was for nine years superintendent of 
the Ripleyville British schools and for eighteen 
years was principal of the schools at Wookey, ' 
Somersetshire, where the subject of this sketch 
was born. The mother of the Judge was like- 
wise a teacher in the schools at that place. In 
1882 the parents left their native land and came 
to the United States, our subject having come to 
Canada in the preceding year, and from New 
York city they proceeded to Iowa, where they 
resided about six months, after which they came 
to South Dakota, and secured claims in Charles 
Mix county, the property being located in what 
is now Forbes township. 

In the month of May, 1881. Judge Exon bade 
adieu to home and native land and emigrated to 
America, landing in Quebec, and remaining in 
Canada about one year, at the expiration of which 
he joined his parents, who had located temporarily 
in Iowa, as has just been noted. In the autumn 
of 1882 he preceded them into what is now the 
state of South Dakota and selected the land for 
his father and for the four children who had at- 
tained years of maturity, the members of the 
family thus eventually being able to prove up on 
the five quarter sections which he had selected 
in Charles Mix county, of which they were pio- 
neer settlers. Later three of these quarter sections 
were sold and the parents of the subject then re- 
moved to Gage county, Nebraska, where thev 
now reside, the father having retired from active 
labors and being now sixty-eight years of age, 
while his devoted wife has attained the age of 
seventy years. Both are members of the Epis- 
copal church and are folk of sterling character 
and high intellectual attainments. 

Judge Exon attended the Ripleyville schools 
for a period of five years, during which time lie 
prepared himself for his collegiate course. He 
then entered Cullom College, near famed old Ox- 
ford, where he was graduated in 1879. after 
which he was for two years an assistant master 
in the schools at Ripleyville, Bradford and York- 
shire. It was the wish of his father that he should 
follow the profession of teaching, in which the 



former had attained so gratifying success, but the 
Judge early manifested a desire to turn his atten- 
tion to agricultural pursuits and it was in har- 
mony with this ambition that he was led to emi- 
grate to America. After his location in South 
Dakota he taught in the district schools during 
the winter months, and during the balance of the 
year devoted his time to the improving and culti- 
vation of his farming land. In the autumn of 
1890 he was elected to the office of county audi- 
tor, and in the following January he removed 
from his farm to the village of Wheeler, the 
county seat, to enter upon the active discharge 
of his official duties. He gave a most capable 
and satisfactory administration, and at the expi- 
ration of his term of two years he engaged in the 
abstract business, while in July of the same year 
he was appointed state's attorney, to fill the unex- 
pired term of the regular incumbent. A. L. Hnp- 
paugh. who removed from the state. In the fol- 
lowing October Judge Exon was one of the lead- 
ing spirits in bringing about the organization of 
the People's party in this section of the state, 
and, in company with seven other prominent 
workers in the movement, he purchased the 
Wheeler Courier, the weekly newspaper published 
in the capital town of the county, and this was 
thereafter made an effective exponent of the cause 
of the party. Our subject's appointment to the 
office of state's attorney, for which he was well 
qualified in an abstract way, led him to make a 
careful study of the technical branches of the 
science of jurisprudence, and he was admitted 
to the bar of the state, upon examination before 
the supreme court, at Pierre, on the 3d of Octo- 
ber, 1893. From time to time he continued to 
acquire the interests of other stockholders in the 
Wheeler Courier, of which he became sole owner 
in 1901, while the paper has been under his edi- 
torial charge and his general direction from the 
time it was purchased by him and others, as pre- 
viously mentioned. In the autumn of 1898 he 
was elected to the office of county judge, serving 
one term, and in January, 1902, he again received 
the appointment of state's attorney to fill a va- 
cancy caused by the resignation of T. J. Reming- 
ton, and he served in this capacity until the ex- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



piration of the term, in January, 1903. In March, 
1903, was effected the organization of the County 
Seat State Bank, and Judge Exon was made 
president of the institution at that time and still 
continues as chief executive. He still continues 
in the active practice of the law and is also en- 
gaged in the real-estate and abstract business. 
He now gives his allegiance to the Democratic 
party, of whose principles he is a stanch advo- 
cate, and his religious faith is that of the Protest- 
ant Episcopal church, of which he is a communi- 
cant, but as there is no church organization in 
Wheeler he and his family attend the Congrega- 
tional church services. Fraternally he is identi- 
fied with Doric Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, at Platte, this state. 

On the 26th of June, 1886. Judge Exon was 
united in marriage to Miss Emma Smith, of 
Mitchell, South Dakota, and they became the 
parents of three sons, Arthur R., Walter E. and 
John J. In 1896 Mrs. Exon's health had become 
so seriously impaired that he deemed it advisable 
to take her for an ocean voyage, in the hope that 
she might recuperjtte her energies, and they ac- 
cordingly visited his old home in England, where 
she received treatment without avail, since her 
death there occurred four months later, on the 
5th of August, 1896. On the 20th of April, 1898, 
at Paris, Kentucky, was solemnized the marriage 
of Judge Exon to Miss Marian Smith, a native of 
England and a sister of his former wife, and they 
are the parents of one child, Dorothy J. 



WILLIAM L. RYBURN, cashier and gen- 
eral manager of the business of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Alexandria, was born in Rock- 
ford, Illinois, May 10, 1872, a son of William 
and Mar\- (Legge) Ryburn, to whom were born 
six children, namely : Anna, who resides in 
Alexandria ; George, who is engaged in the real- 
estate business in this place; John, of Alexan- 
dria; Minnie, who is the wife of G. H. Mont- 
gomery, engaged in the furniture business in 
the same place; William L., who figures as the 
immediate subject of this sketch, and Maud,, 



who is the wife of Dr. E. E. King, of Mitchell, 
this state. Both the father and mother of the 
subject were born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 
the former in 1836 and the latter in 1835. The 
parents of each died when they were children 
and they were reared in the homes of relatives, 
and after attaining maturity each came to 
America in company with relatives. Both 
located in the city of Rockford, Illinois, where 
the father learned the trade of blacksmith, in 
which he was there engaged for nearly thirty 
years. In 1883 he came with his family to 
South Dakota and purchased a pre-emption claim 
in Hanson county, where he continued to be en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits and stock grow- 
ing up to the time of his death, which occurred 
in 1898, his devoted wife having been sum- 
moned into eternal rest in 1893. Both were 
worthy members of the Presbyterian church and 
were folk of sterling character, honored lay all 
who knew them. 

The subject of this review was about ten 
years of age at the time of his parents' removal 
to South Dakota, and his early educational train- 
ing had previously been secured in the public 
schools of his native city, to which he later re- 
turned for the purpose of taking a course in the 
Rockford Business College, in which he was 
graduated in 1891, having completed a thorough 
commercial course. He then returned to his 
home in South Dakota and was given a position 
in the Hanson County Bank, in Alexandria, 
proving himself a capable and faithful executive 
and being made assistant cashier of the institu- 
tion in 1894, while in 1899 '""^ was chosen cashier. 
In 1 90 1 the bank was reorganized and incorpor- 
ated as the First National Bank of Alexandria, 
with a capital stock and surplus of fifty thou- 
sand dollars, and Mr. Ryburn was forthwith 
placed in executive charge of the affairs of the 
institution, which has gained a leading position 
through his able and well-directed efforts. In 
1899 he was sent to Elk Point, Union county, to 
superintend the business of the Citizens" Bank, 
which was practically a branch of the bank at 
Alexandria, and there he remained about eigh- 
teen months, within which time the institution 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1087 



was reorganized as the First National Bank of 
Elk Point. 

Mr. Ryburn is one of the leaders in the local 
ranks of the Republican party and is secretary 
of its county organization. He is a member of 
Celestial Lodge, No. 37, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and Mitchell Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, 
of Alexandria; St. Bernard Commandery, 
Knights Templar, at Mitchell; Oriental Consist- 
ory. No. I, Ancient .Vccepted Scottish Rite, 
in Yankton, and El Riad Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in 
Sioux Falls, being an appreciative and enthu- 
siastic affiliate of these various bodies of the 
time-honored order of Freemasonry. He has 
held the office of worshipful master of his lodge 
for the past three years. He and his wife hold 
membership in the Presbyterian church. 

On the 28th of April, 1898. Mr. Ryburn was 
united in marriage to Miss Edith Peckham, of 
Alexandria, and they are the parents of two chil- 
dren, Leota and Helen. 



ED^^^\RD E. W.\GXER, one of the repre- 
sentative members of tlie bar of Hanson county, 
was born in Lyon county. Iowa, October 22, 
1870, a son of James H. and Louisa E. (ConkUn) 
Wagner, of whose six children four are living, 
namely: Orville S., of Rock Rapids, Iowa; 
Fred B.. of Pasadena, California; Hulbert D., 
of Hawarden, Iowa, and Edward E., subject of 
this sketch. The father of the subject was born 
in Pennsylvania, on the 8th of February, 1840, 
and as a boy accompanied his parents on their 
removal thence to Iowa, the family locating in 
Linn county, where he was reared to manhood 
on the homestead farm. He was there married 
in the year i860, and in the following year en- 
listed as a private in Company G, Twenty-fourth 
Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry, with which 
he remained in service until the close of the great 
conflict which perpetuated the integrity of the 
Union. He was captured by the enemy at Sabine 
Crossroads, Texas, and later was again taken 
captive in a spirited engagement, passing about 
fourteen months in rebel prisons. He was with 



Grant in the siege of Vicksburg and participated 
in many of the important engagements incident 
to the progress of the war. After receiving his 
honorable discharge he returned to his home in 
Iowa, where he continued to be identified with 
farming until 1870, when he removed to the 
northwestern part of that state, where he took up 
government land. He was one of the organizers 
of Lyon county, in 1871, and was chosen the first 
treasurer of the count}-, while for many years 
thereafter he was a member of the county board 
of supervisors, being a man of influence in that 
section and a prominent figure in the local ranks 
of the Republican party, of whose principles he 
was an ardent advocate. He passed the re- 
mainder of his life in the county which he aided 
in organizing, his death there occurring on the 
15th of November, 1884, while his cherished and 
devoted wife entered into eternal rest on the 7th 
of October, 'igoi, both having been consistent 
members of the Congregational church, while he 
was a Royal Arch Mason. 

Edward E. Wagner was reared on the home- 
stead farm and after attending the district schools 
completed a course in the high schools at Rock 
Rapids, Iowa. In February, 1891, he began read- 
ing law in the office of H. G. McMillan, of that 
place, his former preceptor being now L^nited 
States district attorney for the northern district 
of Iowa, while he was for several years a prom- 
inent m.ember of th.e Republican stat^ central com- 
mittee of Iowa. Under the able direction of this 
honored preceptor the subject continued his tech- 
nical studies until his admission to the bar. on 
the 13th of May. 1893. He then came to Mitch- 
ell, South Dakota, where he was associated in the 
practice of his profession with D. A. Mizener 
until November, 1895, when he returned to Rock 
Rapids, Iowa, and became associated in practice 
with his former preceptor, Mr. McMillan, who 
had lately been chosen chairman of the Repub- 
lican state central committee. About one year 
later Mr. Wagner formed a law partnership with 
C. J. Miller, of Rock Rapids, and this profes- 
sional alliance there continued until April, 1899, 
when the subject came again to South Dakota 
and located in Alexandria, where he has since 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



been established in practice, having gained a high 
reputation as an advocate and being one of the 
prominent and successful members of the bar. 
He is a stanch Republican, and in 1900 was 
elected state's attorney of Hanson county, serving 
one term. He was the nominee of his party for 
representative of his district in the state senate 
in 1903, but met the defeat which attended the 
party ticket in general in this section. He is a 
member of Celestial Lodge, No. 37, Free and 
Accepted Masons ; of Mitchell Chapter, No. 16, 
Roval Arch Masons; and St. Bernard Command- 
erv, No. 11, Knights Templar, of Mitchell, while 
lie also is affiliated with the Alexandria lodges 
of the Modern Woodmen of America and the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. He has 
served as a member of the county central commit- 
tee of the Republican party and is a zealous 
worker in the cause of the same. He is a member 
of the Presbyterian church, at Alexandria. 

On the loth of July, 1894, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Wagner to Miss Alice E. Tres- 
ler, of Rock Rapids, Iowa, and they are the par- 
ents of three children, Hazel L.. Ruth N. and 
Robert Edward. 



HORACE J. AUSTIN.— Standing in the 
clear white light of a life and character such as 
denoted the late Horace J. Austin, we are 
moved to a feeling of admiration, respect and 
reverence, for he stood for all that signifies sane, 
well poised and noble manhood. He was one of 
the foremost citizens of the state of South Da- 
kota, and in his home city of Vermillion, Clay 
county, his death came with a sense of personal 
bereavement to his fellow townsmen, who could 
not but appreciate his sterling worth and his 
value to the community. Tt is fitting that in this 
history be incorporated a memoir of this distin- 
guished citizen. 

Horace I. Austin was born in Washington 
cotuity. New York, July 11. 1837, and when he 
was two years of age his parents removed thence 
to Essex county, that state, where he was reared 
to manhood, cnntinuing to abide beneath the 
home roof initil the fall of 7857, when, as a young 



man of twenty years, he set forth to seek his for- 
tunes as a pioneer in the west, his educational 
advantages having been such as were aff'orded 
in the common schools. He proceeded as far as 
Dubuque, Iowa, where he secured employment 
with a company of surveyors, and there he made 
his home for two years save when absent on 
surveying expeditions. Twice within this period 
his business brought him within the confines of 
the territory of Dakota, and on the second trip 
he decided to here take up his permanent resi- 
dence. Accordingly he located in Yankton, the 
capital of the territory, where he was living at 
the time of the outbreak of the Civil war. In 186 r 
he enlisted in Company A, First Dakota Cavalr\ . 
which was stationed for some time in Vermillion, 
where it was mustered out on the 9th of ]\Iay, 
1865, having thus served during the entire period 
of the war, principally in repelling the ravages 
of hostile Indians, and the record of our subject 
as a soldier was one that will ever redound to 
his horior. After his military career he contin- 
ued to reside in Vermillion until his death, which 
occurred on the 27th of February, 1891, as the re- 
sult of an attack of pneumonia, which brought 
his life to a close in the zenith of its power and 
usefulness. From a previously published outline 
of his career we enter the following excerpt : 

Although he never had the advantages of what is 
technically designated as higher education, he was a 
man who had the power of gaining much through 
absorption, observation and personal application, and 
his knowledge of men and affairs was well rounded 
and symmetrical. His honesty, integrity and stead- 
fastness of character won him a high place in the 
- hearts of the people, and he was six times elected a 
member of the legislature. In 1868-9 he was presi- 
dent of the territorial council. As a civil engineer 
he secured government surveying contracts every year 
from 1866 until his death, and there are few if any 
counties in the state which do not bear some of his 
surveying stakes. In temporal affairs Mr. Austin 
was greatly prospered, but freely as he received, with 
equal freedom did he give to the poor and needy. 
His was a kindly, sympathetic nature and charity 
and tolerance abided with him as constant guests. 
The principles of diligence and faithfulness were 
early mastered by him and ever dominated his course 
in life. His name, too. was a synonym of honesty, 
and in writing to his sister, several years prior to 













HORACE J. AUSTIN. 






MRS. RACHEL M. R. AUSTEN. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1089 



his death, he said: "I am being prospered, but this 
much I can say, I have never talven an unjust penny 
from any man." In the political history of South 
Dakota he bore an honorable part, and as a legislator 
was associated with such men of prominence as Moody, 
Brookings and a host of others, and was the acknowl- 
edged peer of all. As a citizen he believed in law 
and its obeyance, and as a man he was gentle, cour- 
teous and obliging. In truth, Horace J. Austin was 
well-nigh the embodiment of man's ideal. He was 
a sturdy pioneer, a patient soldier, a faithful legisla- 
tor, .a true citizen, a loyal friend, and, last but not 
least, a loving and indulgent husband. 

On the occasion of his funeral the president 
of tlie State University spoke of him as follows : 
"With all his niodesty and simplicity, he was a 
.a;reat, strong man and played a full man's part 
in the world. He could not be moved from the 
position which he believed to be right ; he was 
true to his conscience. He was like a child in 
freedom from trickery or meanness or malice. 
He was every inch a man in the thick of life's 
struggles with evil and wrong. With a heart 
tender to suffering, he knew what it was to be 
righteously indignant against the evils that pro- 
duce suffering. What a wide range of character 
these traits cover! A simple-hearted, strong- 
willed, generous, gentle man — what more can be 
said of character? * * And I call this life 
successful because, first, Mr. Austin won an hon- 
orable success in his chosen pursuit. He became 
an expert surveyor ; he acquired reputation and 
a competence. His work was honest w&rk. 
Successful, second, in that he was a loyal and 
loved citizen and an honored public servant. 
There was no public enterprise in which he was 
not interested. He could be counted on for 
everything that concerned the welfare of the peo- 
ple. And it was a matter of course that such a 
man should be chosen for public service. He 
was the model citizen. He never sought office; 
he was too distrustful of his own abilities, too 
modest for that. He shunned rather than courted 
responsibility, yet, like a true inan, when the office 
sought him he accepted it as a true citizen, with 
determination to do his best." Mr. Austin was a 
niember of the lower house of the state legislature 
at the time of his death, and thus he died in the 
harness, faithful to the last and one of that noble 



band of pioneers who were associated in the 
founding and building of a gyeat commonwealth. 
His political support was given to the Republican 
party and fraternally he was prominently identi- 
fied with the Masonic order and the Grand Army 
of the Republic. Though he never formally 
identified himself with any religious body he had 
the deepest reverence for the spiritual verities 
as exemplified in the Christian faith, and guided 
and guarded his life in accord with the teachings 
of the divine Master, whom he served with hmnil- 
ity and reverence, his being the faith that makes 
faithful. 

The home of Mr. Austin was ever to him 
a sacred spot, and here his ambitions and affec- 
tions centered and shone most resplendently. 
To violate this sanctity by words of eulogy would 
be most flagrant abuse in this connection, but in 
conclusion of this memoir we enter a brief record 
concerning the domestic chapter in his life his- 
tory. On the 2ist of March, 1870, Mr. Austin 
was united in marriage to Miss Rachel M. Ross, 
who was born in Trumbull county, Ohio, on the 
1st of June, 1838, being a daughter of Benjamin 
and Mary (Palm) Ross. The father died in 
Arkansas and Mrs. Ross later came to Vermillion 
Dakota, where she died on the 22d of January, 
1876. Mrs. Austin, whose death occurred March 
6, 1 904, was a woman of gracious presence and 
noble character and proved a true helpmeet to her 
husband, their companionship being ideal in all 
its relations. Mr. and Mrs. Austin had no chil- 
dren, but their generous natures prompted them 
to provide a home for three children, all of whom 
were reared with utmost care and solicitude, 
namely: Leroy O. Stevens, who is now living 
at Victor, Colorado ; Anna Ross, who is now at 
Silex, Missouri, and Helen P., who was legally 
adopted by them in infancy, l)eing now of Ver- 
million. 

Rachel Ross was born in Warren, Trumbull 
county, Ohio, June i, 1838, where she grew to 
young womanhood, and received her education. 
In 1867, with her mother, she came to Dakota 
territory and t(Xik up her home in \''ermillion. 
Soon after her arrival here, she was employed 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



by the pioneer people to teach in the school- 
house which they had erected — the old log 
school-house in the ravine — and even today 
are those in this city who w£re her pu- 
pils at that time. In 1870 she was married 
to Horace J. Austin, who preceded her to the 
better land some thirteen years ago. Never were 
husband and wife any more alike or more con- 
genial in their natures. They' possessed the 
same ideas as regards the doing of good to their 
fellow-beings. 

When Mr. Austin died and left to his wife his 
large estates, she used the income in the manner 
that they both did before : the relief of the suf- 
fering and needy, the making of a pleasant home, 
and assisting in all the public enterprises in 
which the people of the city were interested. She 
donated to the city the block of land near the 
fair grounds to be used for park purposes ; and 
although she has not been permitted to live to 
see its full development, yet that park will stand 
as a monument to her large-heartedness and pub- 
lic spirit. And in days to come, as the genera- 
tions view this monument it will recall to their 
minds the life and works of a good, true and 
generous woman. 

In the early history of this community Mrs. 
Austin was one of the foremost figures. In re- 
ligious work she was among the leaders. She 
was a charter member of the first organization in 
this city, and was the last survivor of that noble 
band who worked so hard and faithfully during 
those early days to establish the church in this 
community, and from the earliest inception of the 
society up to the present time she has been one 
of the pillars in the support of the church and 
organization. She was always ready and willing 
to do more than her share in matters pertaining 
to its welfare. Her home was always open to 
church social gatherings, and her life was de- 
voted to the cause of the Master. 

Mrs. Austin was an untiring worker in the 
ranks of the Woman's Christian Tem]>erance 
Union, and to her devotion is largely due the 
fact that the local union has been made one of the 
strongest in the state. It was but a week before 
her death that slic oiiencd the doors of her home 



for a public memorial service in honor of the 
memory of Frances E. Willard. As a tribute to 
her memory, the following testimonial by the 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union was read 
at the funeral services : 

In behalf of the Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union, we desire to express the regret we feel in the 
loss of our dear sister, Mrs. Austin, who was so 
heavenly in her aims, and who earnestly worked to 
extend the blessings of temperance and to build up 
the union. We believe if the sealed lips could speak 
to us from the calm heights among the hills of God, 
that it would be to bid the women of today stand 
together to secure for the world a truer motherhood, 
a nobler manhood, a higher type of citizenship. 
Through the help of Christian womanhood homes are 
to be lifted from dishonor. The world is better be- 
cause of the life of such a woman, and while her 
noble soul was ever filled with gratitude to God, her 
great heart was ever reaching out in helpfulness to 
humanity. It does not seem possible that we shall 
no more see her "till we lift the latch and pass into 
the other chamber of the King, a chamber larger than 
this." It is very hard to say, "Thy will be done." 
How can we get on without her? 

She always gave her warmest support to any 
cause that she thought was right, and when the 
woman suffrage movement was started she iden- 
tified herself with the work, and at the time of 
her death was president of the local league. Four 
years ago, when the proposition was up for the 
consideration of the voters in the shape of a con- 
stitutional amendment, she managed the cam- 
campaign in this county, and brought to the 
standard of the equal suffragists far more sup- 
port than the advocates of the movement had 
anticipated. 

She was a prominent member of the Eastern 
Star lodge, and in her death the members of that 
order were called upon to mourn the loss of one 
whose counsels were looked up to with confi- 
dence, and whose advice was timely and good. 
As a tribute to her memory the members of the 
order complied with her often expressed desire, 
and' took up a goodly collection and sent to the 
Children's Home at Sioux Falls. 

Another society in whose work she took the 
utmost interest was the Cemetery Improvement 
Association. It was her aim to make a beautiful 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



place of this resting-place of the dead. And now 
as her body lies within the enclosure of that sacred 
spot, her associates of the society will recall her 
efforts in bringing Bluff View Cemetery to its 
present orderly arrangement. 

She was a heavy stockholder in the County 
Fair Association, and took an active interest in 
the work pertaining to the annual exhibitions. 

She was very fond of the young people, and 
always had room in her home for some young man 
or woman who was working his or her way 
through school or college. There are many of 
this class of pupils who have attended the Univer- 
sity in years past, who will give evidence of her 
large-heartedness and her timely assistance while 
they were struggling on the upward grade. 

In educational matters Mrs. Austin took a 
deep interest. Not only did she lend her energies 
to the betterment of educational facilities, but she 
had the interests of the teachers at heart. Her 
spacious lawn and pleasant home have been the 
scene of many a happy party given to the teach- 
ers of the city and county, and she was ahvays 
happy when she was engaged in entertaining a 
company of this kind. At the city election in 
1903 she was chosen a member of the city school 
board from the fourth ward, and had been faith- 
ful in the discharge of her duties as such mem- 
ber. The other members of the board have been 
aided by her presence, and they will miss her 
quick womanly discernment and sound judgment. 
As a mark of respect to her memory, the board 
dismissed school on Tuesday and the board and 
tlie teachers attended the funeral services in a 
body. 

All of Mrs. Austin's public and private bene- 
factions originated in her own home and radi- 
ated from that home out into the community. 
She had an intuitive way of finding out who 
really needed help, and when she found that some 
poor family was destitute and the family was 
worthy, help was immediately forthcoming. She 
had an extraordinary power of estimating the 
value of timely help where help was needed. 
]\Iany are the times that she has ordered gro- 
ceries and provisions sent from the stores to the 
needv ones in the citv, and there are those who 



will miss her faithful watchfulness and gentle 
ministrations in this regard. She felt that it was 
her duty — the performance of these many kind- 
nesses — and she never shrank from what she 
deemed to be her duty, no matter where the 
jjerformance of that duty lay. 

In view of Rlrs. Austin's generosity, her many 
kindnesses and her gifts to the city, Mayor Bry- 
ant issued the following proclamation : 

Mayor's Office, Vermillion, S. D., March 8, 1904. 

Again death has entered our city and claimed one 
of our number, whose strength of mind and character 
and whose devotion to duty and interest in the wel- 
fare of others made her more than ordinary, Mrs. 
H.J.Austin. Her life work was not confined to the ra- 
dius of a few. but extended to the public at large in 
more ways than one. One of our city parks we today 
own by the grace of her benevolence. Her death 
casts a gloom over our entire city. I, therefore, ex- 
press what I am certain will be the desire of every 
citizen, that, during the funeral hour from three to 
four o'clock this afternoon, all places of business he 
closed and all business be suspended, that we may as 
a city show our admiration for her character. 

W. C. Bryant, Mayor. 



P. F. WICKHEM, one of the representa- 
tive merchants of Alexandria, is a native of the 
state of Wisconsin, having been born on a farm 
in Dodge county, on the 15th of October. 1855. 
He is a son of John and Catherine (Joyce) Wick- 
hem, of whose seven children six are living, 
namely: Michael, a resident of Waterloo, Wis- 
consin ; P. P., the immediate subject of this 
sketch : James G.. who is a prominent attorney 
of Beloit, Wisconsin, where he served four years 
as postmaster, being one of the leaders of the 
Democratic party in that section ; Maria, who re- 
mains on the old homestead, with her brother 
Michael ; Nellie E., who makes her home with 
the subject ; and Margaret, principal in the pub- 
lic schools of Beloit, Wisconsin. The father was 
born in County Wexford, Ireland, about 1825, 
and was there reared to manhood, having been 
left an orphan when a mere lad and having thus 
been early thrown upon his own resources. He 
there devoted his attention to farm work until 
1842, when he emigrated to America, being vari- 



1092 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ously employed, in different states of the Union, 
for the first four years of his residence here and 
finally taking up his permanent abode in Dodge 
county, Wisconsin, where he purchased a farm 
of eighty acres, becoming one of the prominent 
and prosperous farmers of the county and being 
the owner of a fine estate of three hundred and 
twenty acres at the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1892. He was a Democrat in politics 
and he and his wife were communicants of the 
Catholic church, the latter having entered into 
eternal rest in 1897. 

The subject of his sketch was reared on the 
home farm and completed the course of studies 
in the graded schools of Waterloo, Wisconsin, 
being graduated in 1873. He then secured a 
clerkship in a general store in that town, where 
he remained until 1880. when he came to Alexan- 
dria. South Dakota, in charge of a stock of gen- 
eral merchandise owned by his employer, S. M. 
Wiener, and here he opened a branch store. Two 
years later he engaged in the same line of enter- 
prise on his own responsibility, opening his store 
on the 1st of May, 1882, and he has ever since 
been identified with this enterprise, which has 
been developed into one of the most important 
of the sort in the county, controlling a large and 
representative trade. The business is now placed 
in charge of H. L. Burlew, who has been in the 
employ of the subject for the past twenty-two 
years. Mr. Wickhem withdrew from the active 
supervision of his store in order to devote his 
attention to his extensive cattle interests, having 
become identified with this important line of in- 
dustry in 1900. He is now the proprietor of the 
Rose Hill and the Spring Valley stock farms, 
comprising twelve hundred acres of the best land 
in the county, and he has gained a high reputa- 
tion throughout the state as a breeder of short- 
horn cattle, which he raises upon a large scale, 
having done much to advance the stock interests 
of this section and having two of the finest stock 
farms to be found in the state. In politics Mr. 
Wickhem is an uncompromising Democrat, and 
has ever taken an active part in furthering the 
|)arty cause. His is the distinction of having been 
chosen the first mavor of Alexandria after its 



incorporation, in 1885, and he served two terms 
as treasurer of the county, while further official 
honors came to him in 1890, when he was elected 
to represent his district in the state senate, serv- 
nig with ability and discrimination during the 
sessions of 1890-91. In 1893-4 Mr- Wickhem 
held the position of internal revenue collector for 
the eastern district of South Dakota, then resign- 
ing the office in order to give his attention to his 
personal business interests. He has been an im- 
portant factor in the ranks of the Democracy in 
the state, and was a delegate to the national con- 
vention of 1892, in Chicago, which nominated 
Cleveland for the presidency. He is president of 
the Retail Merchants 'Association of South Da- 
kota, and was one of the organizers of the Retail 
^Merchants' Fire Insurance Company, of whose 
directorate he is a member. He and his wife are 
communicants of St. Mary's church, Roman 
Catholic, and he is a member of its official board. 
On the 1st of June, 1897, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Wickhem to Miss Ella Hayes, 
of Rockford, Illinois, and they are the parents 
of one son. John Francis, who was born on the 
27th of April, 1 89 1. 



N. J. EROCK!\IAN, vice-president and 
manager of the State Bank of Spencer, is a 
native of Germany, where he was born on the 
26th of April. 1853, being a son of Qaus and 
Aple (Stuhr) Brockman, both of whom passed 
their entire lives in Germany. 

The subject of this review was reared to 
manhood in his native land and was given 
the advantages of a collegiate education. He 
came to America in 1871. with but little financial 
reinforcement, and located in the city of Daven- 
port, Iowa, where he was variously employed 
for several months. He then went to Tama 
county, that state, where he was identified with 
agricultural pursuits until 1877, when he took 
up his residence in the town of Traer, Iowa, 
where he engaged in the mercantile business, in 
which he was very successful, there laying the 
foundation for the distinctive prosperity which 
he today enjoys. In 1881 he engaged in the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA 



same line of enterprise in Gradbrook, Iowa, 
where he remained two years, at the expiration 
of which he disposed of his interests there and 
engaged in the lumber trade at Kingsley, that 
state, also buying and shipping grain. There he 
continued to make his home until 1901. when he 
sold his prosperous business and removed to 
Sac City, Iowa, where he resided until January 
I, 1903, when he became associated with M. D. 
Gates in the purchase of the State Bank of 
Spencer, South Dakota, Mr. Gates being made 
president of the corporation, while the subject 
assumed his present office of vice-president and 
general manager. Mr. Brockman is a Republican 
in his political proclivities, while he and his wife 
are members of the German Lutheran church, 
and fraternally he is identified with the lodge, 
chapter and commandery of the Masonic order, 
and also with the Ancient Arabic (.)rder of the 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

In 1883 Mr. Brockman was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Bertha E. Gebauer, of Lyons. 
Iowa. One son has been born of this union, Ray, 
who is now a student in the Iowa State Agri- 
cultural College, at Ames. 



W. S. HILL, one of the representative busi- 
ness men of Hanson county and an influential 
citizen of Alexandria, was born in Edgar county, 
Illinois, on the 3d of June, 1863, being a son of 
Joseph and Rebecca (Braden) Hill, of whose 
four children three are living at the present lime, 
naniel}- : Elizabeth, wife of \\' illiam Hillyard. 
of Wayne county. Iowa ; Albert, a resident of 
Alexandria, South Dakota; and W. S., the im- 
mediate subject of this sketch. Joseph Hill was 
born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, and 
his wife in Greene county, that state, both being 
of Scotch-Irish lineage, and both having re- 
ijioved to the state of Illinois when young, their 
marriage having been there solenniized a few 
years later. The father of the subject was reared 
on a farm but as a young man learned the trade 
of carpenter, becoming a skilled artisan. He fol- 
lowed his trade for a time in Iowa, having re- 



sided in Keokuk, and then returned to Illinois, 
settling in Edgar county after his marriage and 
there engaging in agricultural pursuits. He ten- 
dered his services in defense of the union at the 
time of the Civil war, enlisting as a member of 
Company E, Twelfth Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry, with which he served eighteen months, — 
until the close of the war, when he received his 
honorable discharge. In 1869 he removed ta 
Iowa and located in Wayne county, where he 
became a prominent and prosperous farmer, 
there continuing his residence until his death, 
in 1897, at the age of sixty years. He was a 
Republican in politics from the time of the or- 
ganization of the party, and was originally a 
member of the Presbyterian church, later em- 
bracing the faith of the r^Iethodist Episcopal 
church. His widow is still living, making her 
home in Wayne count}-. 

The subject of this sketch completed the 
curriculum of the common schools and was 
graduated in the high school at Allerton, Iowa, 
as a member of the class of 1884, while two years 
prior to this he had completed a course in the 
Pierce Business College, in Keokuk, Iowa, be- 
ing duly graduated in 1882. At the age of 
twenty-one years he secured a position with a 
firm of wholesale dealers in farming machinery 
and implements in the city of Des Moines, re- 
maining thus engaged for a short time and then 
accepting a position with the McCormick Har- 
vesting ]\Iachine Company, while a year later 
he entered the employ of a wholesale grocery 
house in Des I\Ioines. In the spring of 1887 Mr. 
Hill came to South Dakota and located in Alex- 
andria, where he purchased an interest in the 
business of Lanz & Jacobs, securing the interest 
of the junior member of the firm, while opera- 
' tions were continued under the title of Lanz & 
I Hill, the enterprise involving the handling of 
agricultural implements and machinery and 
varied allied lines of goods. In 1893 the sub- 
ject's brother, Albert, purchased Mr. Lanz's in- 
terest in the business, which was conducted for 
the ensuing six years under the firm name of 
( Hill Brothers. In 1899 our subject purchased 
his Ijrother's interest and has since been in entire 



I094 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



control of the extensive business which 
has been built up through energy-, enter- 
prise and honorable methods. He handles a 
complete assortment of agricultural implements, 
vehicles of all kinds, harness and saddlery goods 
and also coal, and the enterprise ranks as one of 
the foremost of the sort in this section of the 
state. 

In 1897 Mr. Hill became identified with the 
cattle business, making his first purchase of 
ranch land in that year, and from time to time 
he has made additional purchases until he now 
has a fine landed estate of fifteen hundred and 
twenty acres, all being located in Hanson county 
and being known as the Riverview ranch, while 
it is recognized as one of the finest stock farms 
in this section, having the best of modern im- 
provements and facilities. Mr. Hill makes a 
specialty of the breeding of registered red polled 
cattle, and in this line he has attained a high 
reputation throughout the state and has done 
much to improve the grade of cattle raised here. 
In politics he is a stanch Republican, and he j 
is now serving his third term as mayor of Alex- 
andria. He is secretary of the Retail Imple- 
ment Dealers' Association of South Dakota, 
Southwestern Minnesota and Northwestern 
Iowa, having held this ofifice from the time of the 
organization of the association, in 1899. He and 
his wife are prominent members of the Presby- 
terian church, in which he is an elder, taking a 
deep interest in all departments of church work. 
He is affiliated with Celestial Lodge. No. 37, 
Free and Accepted Masons, at Alexandria ; 
Mitchell Qiapter. No. 16, Royal Arch INTasons, 
in Mitchell: St. Bernard Commandery, No. 11, 
Knights Templar, in this city; Oriental Con- 
sistory, No. I, Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite, in Yankton ; and El Riad Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine, in Sioux Falls, while he is also 
identified with Alexandria Lodge, No. 11, 
Ancient Order of LTnited Workmen. 

On the 3d of September, 1890, was solem- 
nized the manage of Mr. Hill to Miss Ida Kel- 
logg, of Wayne county, Iowa, and they are the 
parents of five sons, Joseph L., W. Braden, 
Emorv K., Lawrence M. and Robert D. 



LEWIS V. SCHNEIDER, one of the most 
prominent and highly honored business men of 
Salem, McCook county, was born in La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, on the 28th of December, i860, being 
a son of Joseph and Frances (Ringl) Schneider, 
of whose children eight are living at the present 
time. The father of the subject was born in 
Austria, where he was reared to maturity, there 
learning the trade of cabinetmaking. As a young 
man he emigrated to the United States, and 
passed a number of years in the state of New 
York, where he followed the vocation of carpen- 
ter and builder. About 1855 he came west to 
La Crosse, Wisconsin, as one of the pioneers of 
the place, and there he followed contracting and 
building for some time, also devoting no little at- 
tention to work as a millwright, through which 
association he was finally led to engage in the 
milling business. In 1890 he sold his milling 
interests in Sheldon, Minnesota, where he had 
resided for a number of years, and came to 
South Dakota to pass his declining days with his 
sons. He died in October, 1897, at the age of 
sixty-seven years. His widow now resides with 
her daughter, Mrs. Frances Roop, of Salem, 
this state. Joseph Schneidei* was a Democrat in 
politics, but was not deflected from its orginal 
principles by the heresy of free silver. He was 
a member of the Lutheran church, as is also his 
widow, -who was born in Austria. 

The subject of this review secured his -early 
educational raining in the common schools of 
the pioneer epoch in Wisconsin, having attended 
school in a little log building of the most primi- 
tive type. .\t the age of thirteen years he se- 
cured a position in a general store at La Crosse. 
Wisconsin, working the first year for his board 
and clothing and being thereafter advanced in 
salarv from year to year, as his value increased. 
He retained this clerical position seven years and 
then, in the spring of i88t, came to the territory 
of Dakota, being one week en route. His finan- 
cial resources were represented in the sum of 
about five hundred dollars, which he hid saved 
from his earnings, and after returning to La- 
Crosse to make a final settlement of his affairs 
preliminary to taking up his permanent aliode in 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1095 



what is now South Dakota, he returned to Sioux 
Falls, in May, 1881, driving through from Valley 
Springs, where the railway train had been com- 
pelled to stop, by reason of the damage done to 
the roadbed by heavy storms. He finally reached 
his destination, having been compelled to ford 
numerous swollen streams and to encounter other 
annoying obstacles. Upon his arrival he entered 
the employ of Frank Kunerth, a prominent gen- 
eral merchant of Sioux Falls and one who stands 
high in Masonic circles. In December, 1881, Mr. 
Schneider engaged in business on his own respon- 
sibility, entering into partnership with P. L. Run- 
kel, and coming to Salem. Here they erected a 
store building and on the 27th of the following 
March formally opened the same for business, 
having a stock of general merchandise. The en- 
terprise prospered and in June, 1889, Mr. 
Schneider purchased his partner's interest and 
soon afterward admitted his brother Henry to 
partnership, while in 1890 liis brother Joseph also 
became a member of the firm. On the 2d of 
March. 1899, to meet the exigencies of the con- 
stantly increasing business, the firm was incor- 
porated as the Schneider Brothers' Company, un- 
der which title the business has since been con- 
I , tinned, the esablishment of the company being 
one of the best equipped department stores in 
this section of the state and commanding a large 
and widely extended trade throughout the sur- 
rounding country. In addition to a full and select 
line of general merchandise the company also 
conduct an extensive trade in the handling of 
farming implements and machinery, this depart- 
ment having been an adjunct of the business since 
1882. while in the connection it may be noted 
that our subject sold the first binder ever sold 
in the county. In 1892 Mr. Schneider was prom- 
inently concerned in the organization of the 
AlcCook State Bank, of Salem, of which he was 
chosen president, retaining this office until 1897, 
when he disposed of his interest in the institution. 
In 1895, in company with his two brothers, he 
purchased the Salem flouring mill, and in 1892 
they established in connection with the same a 
modern heating and electric-lighting plant, sup- 
plying public facilities in these lines, and at that 



time they effected the organization of a stock 
company, known as the Salem Milling, Lighting 
and Heating Company, under which corporate 
title the enterprise has since been successfully 
conducted. Since its organization Mr. Schneider 
has served as its president. 

Since 1896 Mr. Schneider has been aligned 
with the Republican_ party, while prior to that 
time he was a sound-money Democrat. In 1896 
he was persuaded to accept the nomination of the 
Republican party for state senator from his dis- 
trict, but met defeat in the Democratic landslide 
which prevailed in this section in that campaign. 
In 1888 he was chairman of the Democratic cen- 
tral committee of his county, and later served as 
councilman and mayor of Salem. He and his 
wife are members of the Presbyterian church. 
He is a prominent and valued member of the 
Masonic fraternity in the state, and was a mem- 
ber of the building commitee which had the su- 
pervision of the erection of the fine Masonic tem- 
ple in Yankton, being also a member of the board 
of trustees, as is he at the present time. His Ma- 
sonic affiliations are briefly noted as follows : For- 
titude Lodge, No. 73, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Chapter No. 34, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Constantine Commandery, No. 2, Knights Tem- 
plar ; Oriental Consistory, No. i, Ancient 
Accepted Scottish Rite, in which he has attained 
the thirty-second degree ; and EI Riad Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. He also holds membership in Salem 
Lodge, No. 106, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows ; the Knights of the Maccabees and the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

On the 28th of August, 1883. Mr. Schneider 
was united in marriage to Miss Emma Jehlen, 
of La Crosse, Wisconsin, and they have one child, 
Mae. 



WESLEY DOLTGLASS, engaged in the 
drug business in Menno, is a native of the prov- 
ince of Ontario, Canada, where he was born on 
the 30th of January, 185 1, being a son of Robert 
and Jane (McGiin Douglass, of whose nine 
children only four are now living, namely : Alex- 



1096 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ander, who is engaged in the real-estate busi- 
ness in Winnipeg, Canada; Elizabeth, who is the 
widow of John Sproat and resides in Ontario, 
Canada; John, who is a physician in the city of 
Chicago; and Wesley, who is the subject of this 
review. Robert Douglass was born in the state 
of New York, where he was reared on a farm, 
and as a young man he removed to the province 
of Ontario, Canada, where the later years of his 
life were passed in agricultural pursuits, his 
death there occurring in 1888, at the age of 
eighty-four years. He was a man of strong 
individuality and well-fortified opinions, and 
loyal to his native land. He was a zealous advo- 
cate of the principles of the Whig party and an 
advocate of reform measures in the land of his 
adoption, while his religious faith was that of 
the Wesleyan Methodist church. He was of 
stanch old Scottish ancestry, his grandfather 
having come to the United States from Scotland 
during the war of the Revolution, arriving about 
the time of the historic "Boston tea party." The 
mother of the subject died in 1895, aged eighty- 
seven years. 

Wesley Douglass received his educational 
training in the common schools of his native 
province, remaining at the parental home dur- 
ing the major portion of the time until he had 
attained the age of twenty years, prior to which 
he had been employed for a time in a drug store 
and in the office of his brother Robert, who was 
then engaged in the practice of medicine in 
Canada. In 1871, at the age noted, our subject 
came over "into the states," making his way to 
■Kansas where he remained about two years, hav- 
ing been engaged in teaching school and in 
working in the office of the Atchison, Topeka & 
Santa Fe Railroad. He then returned to Canada, 
where he tarried one year, operating for the 
Grand Trunk Railroad, and in the spring of 
1874 he became numbered among the pioneers 
of what is now the state of South Dakota, com- 
ing to Hutchinson county and entering home- 
stead and timber claims a few miles northwest 
of the present town of Scotland. He resided on 
his farm about four years, in the meanwhile 
doing some freighting to the' Black Hills and 



teaching school during the winter terms for twa 
years. In the fall of 1878 Mr. Douglass was 
elected sheriff of Hutchinson county, being 
chosen as his own successor in 1880, and thus 
serving four consecutive years. After the ex- 
piration of his second term he removed to the 
village of Scotland, where he was employed dur- 
ing the ensuing year as operator in the telegraph 
office of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railroad. In January, 1884, he came to Menno, 
where he has since resided. Shortly after locat- 
ing here he established himself in the drug busi- 
ness, being one of the pioneer merchants of the 
town, and this enterprise he has since success- 
fully conducted, having a representative patron- 
age. He is a Democrat in his political allegiance, 
and fraternally is a member of Scotland Lodge, 
No. 53, Free and Accepted Masons. 

On the 3d of February, 1878, Mr. Douglass 
was united in marriage to Mrs. Caroline 
(Church) Johnson, who was born in Ontario, 
Canada. She had one child by her first marriage, 
]\Iinnie, who is the wife of E. J. Swanton, of 
Menno, and of the second union have been born 
two children, Agnes J. and Gerald R., both at 
the parental home. 



ALBERT C. BIERXATZKI, a prominent 
and successful member of the bar of 3iIcCook 
county, being actively engaged in the practice of 
his profession in Salem, was born in Webster 
City, Iowa, on the 3d of December, i860, being a 
son of Charles and Margaret (Noland) Bier- 
natzki, the former of whom was born in Poland 
and the latter in Ireland. The father of our 
subject was reared to maturity in his native land, 
and secured his educational training in the mili- 
tary academy in St. Petersburg. He was there- 
after commissioned a colonel in the Russian army, 
but as his mother was strenuously opposed to his 
continuing in the military service he resigned 
his office and was appointed a member of the 
government engineering corps, with the rank of 
colonel. He became involved in the revolution of 
1847, manifesting that distinctive loyalt\- which 
was one of his dominating characteristics, and 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1097 



his patriotism placed his hfe in jeopardy, so that 
in that year he left his native land and came to 
America, locating in Oswego, New York, where 
he became identified with the shipping trade, 
owning and operating two or more vessels. In 
1857 he removed to Webster City, Iowa, where 
he engaged in farming and live-stock enterprises, 
becoming one of the prominent and influential 
citizens of that section and being signally pros- 
pered in his business operations. He died in 
1899, at the venerable age of eighty-two years, 
honored by all who knew him and recognized as 
a man of fine intellectuality and sterling charac- 
ter. He was a stanch Republican, and while 
never ambitious for office he was an influential 
factor in the councils of his party. His wife is 
still living. 

Albert C. Biernatzki secured his early educa- 
tional discipline in the public schools of his native 
place and then entered the University of Des 
]\Ioines, Iowa, where he continued his studies 
for two years, while in 1881 he was matriculated 
in the Iowa State University, at Iowa City, where 
he had simultaneously prosecuted a technical 
course in the law department of the university, 
in which he was graduated in 1884, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. In March of the 
following year he took up his residence in Salem, 
South Dakota, being one of the early members of 
the bar of the county, and here he has ever since 
been established in the active practice of his 
profession, having built up an excellent business 
and retaining a representative clientage, while 
he has high standing at the bar of the state. He 
continued to be a close and appreciative student, 
and is considered one of the best read lawyers 
in this section. He is a stalwart advocate of the 
principles and policies of the Republcan party, 
in whose cause he has been an effective worker, 
and he served as county judge from 1889, until 
1903, with the exception of one term, his rulings 
being signally impartial, indicating not only the 
possession of an intrinsically judical mind but 
also a wide and intimate knowledge of the science 
of jurisprudence. The Judge is a member of 
Fortitude Lodge, No. 72, Free and Accepted 
Masons: Salem Chapter, No. 34, Royal Arch 



Masons; Constantine Commandery, No. 17, 
Knights Templar, and El Riad Temple of the 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine, at Sioux Falls. 

On the 7th of June, 1887, was solemnized the 
marriage of Judge Biernatzki to Miss Emma Sib- 
ley, of State Center, Iowa, and they are the par- 
ents of one son and two daughters, Charles, Mar- 
garet and Helen. 



GEORGE E. MASTERS, one of the prom- 
inent business men and honored citizens of Spen- 
cer, McCook county, was born in Steuben county, 
New York, February 26, 1853. a son of Sam- 
uel and Margaret (Farrington) Masters, of 
whose four children we incorporate the following 
brief data : Augusta A. is the wife of C. P. 
Sherwood, state dairy commissioner of South 
Dakota, and they reside in DeSmet ; Jesse F. B. 
is likewise a resident of that place : Genevieve 
is the wife of W. G. Renwick, auditor for the 
zinc syndicate and a resident of the city of Chi- 
cago ; and George E. is the subject of this review. 
Samuel Masters was born in New Jersey, in 1822, 
and when a child accompanied his parents on their 
removal to Steuben county, New York, where 
he was reared to the sturdy discipline of the farm, 
demical education, in Ithaca, New Y''ork. 
being given the advantages of an aca- 
There he completed a course in civil en- 
gineering, and in later years he found 
his services as a surveyor in much requisition, 
in connection with his agricultural operations. 
In 1878 he removed with his family to Minne- 
sota, and three years later came to South Da- 
kota, locating in Kingsbury county, where he 
took up a quarter section of government land. 
He rendered efficient service as county surveyor 
for a number of years and was one of the influ- 
ential citizens of his section. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics and was a man of impregnable 
integrity and marked mentality. While a resi- 
dent of Steuben county, New York, he held the 
office of superintendent of schools for several 
years, having also been a successful teacher and 
prominent in educational work. He died in 1893, 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



having passed the psahnist's span of three score 
years and ten. His widow is still living and re- 
sides in the home of her daughter, Mrs. Sher- 
wood, in DeSmet, being seventy-six years of age 
at the time of this writing, in 1903. 

George E. Masters was reared under the 
gracious influences of a cultured and refined 
home, and after completing the curriculum of the 
public schools continued his studies for two years 
in Corning Academy, at Corning, New York. 
At the age of twenty-one he took a position as 
clerk in a drug store in that place, where he was 
employed for three years. In 1876 he set forth 
to carve out his career in the west, and for two 
years was employed in the city of Chicago. In 
1878 he located in Walnut Grove, Minnesota, in 
which locality he was employed at farm work, 
and there, in 1879, he was married to Miss Mar- 
garet Gilmore. In the spring of the following 
year he came with his bride to South Dakota, 
and during the ensuing summer he was employed 
in the company store of Walls, Harrison & Shute, 
railroad contractors, who were then engaged in 
the construction of the line between Tracy and 
Pierre. In the fall of that year Mr. Masters 
took a position as brakeman on this road, and in 
December went to DeSmet, Kingsbury county, 
in which locality he has filed entry on a tree claim 
in 1879 and on a homestead in the spring of 1880, 
his eldest son having been the first white child 
bom in what is now the thriving little city of 
DeSmet. He continued to reside on his home- 
stead until 1886, duly proving on the property 
under the homestead laws. Within this interval, 
in 1881, he accepted a position with the Empire 
Lumber Company, at DeSmet, and continued in 
the employ of this concern for ten and one-half 
years, while for one year he was an employe of 
the firm of Hanson & Lambert, engaged in the 
same line of enterprise in DeSmet. In 1893 he 
associated himself with his brother Jesse in the 
sheep business, in which he continued a short 
time. In 1892 he was candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for the office of state senator, there 
being three tickets in the field during that cam- 
paign. He succeeded in winning sufficient Re- 
publican votes to compass the election of the 



Populist candidate, and though he was himself 
defeated he gained no little influence in the ranks 
of his party, and this led to his securing the ap- 
pointment of postmaster at DeSmet, an office 
which he held for four years under the adminis- 
tration of President Cleveland. In the winter of 
1884 there was organized in DeSmet Company E 
of the National Guard of the Territory of Da- 
kota, and our subject was made third sergeant 
of the same, from which position he finally rose 
to the office of captain. At the outbreak of the 
Spanish-American war Mr. ^Masters was senior 
captain of his regiment, which in 1898 tendered 
its services to the government, enlisting for serv- 
ice in the Philippines, where it made a brilliant 
record. Mr. Masters accompanied the regiment 
to Sioux Falls and there was rejected for service 
on account of his physical proportions. This 
was the reason ^iven but he has ever Ijeen certain 
that the real cause of his rejection was one of po- 
litical nature. He was, however, given the privi- 
lege of naming the lieutenants of the company 
over which he had so long been in command, and 
his choice fell upon Harry Hubbard and Sidney 
Morrison for first and second lieutenants, respec- 
tively. On bidding the boys farewell the last to 
grasp his hand were Lieutenant Morrison and 
Lewis Chase, both of whom met their death in 
the Philippines while in discharge of their patri- 
otic duties. 

In March, 1899, Mr. Masters accepted a posi- 
tion with the John W. Tuttle Lumber Company, 
as manager of their yards at Spencer, where he 
has since been located, being one of the honored 
and popular citizens of the place. He is a stanch 
advocate of the principles of the Democratic 
party and has long been an active worker in its 
cause. While a resident of DeSmet he served 
for a number of years as a member of the vil- 
lage council and also as a member of the board of 
education, while at the time of this writing he is 
president of the board of education in Spencer. 
He is affiliated with Spencer Lodge, No. 126, 
Free and Accepted Masons, to which he trans- 
ferred his membership from DeSmet Lodge, of 
which latter he is past master, as is he also of the 
lodge of the Ancient Order of United Workmen 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1099 



in that place. He and his wife are valued mem- 
bers of the Baptist church. 

Mention has been made of the fact that Mr. 
Masters was married in iSyq, his nuptials hav- 
insj been solemnized, in July of that year, to 
Miss Margaret Gilmore, a resident of St. Charles, 
Minnesota, and a native of that state. They are 
the parents of nine children : Arthur, who is a 
resident of Dayton, Washington ; Alexander also 
resides in that place ; Vere H. is manager of the 
State Bank of Farmer ; Claude is employed in a 
printing establishment here ; and Juniata, Hazel, 
G-enevieve, Ronald and George. Jr., remain at the 
parental home. 



MORRISON A. TAYLOR, M. D., of 
Spencer, McCook county, was born in Clarks- 
ville, Butler county, Iowa, December 2, 1857, ^ 
son of James R. and Hester N. (Cook) Taylor, 
of whose five children he is the eldest of the 
three surviving. John M., a commercial traveler 
by vocation, is a resident of Mason City, Iowa, 
and Rose E. is the wife of L. M. Valentine, a 
prominent capitalist of that place. James R. 
Taylor was born in Fairfax countv, Ohio, and 
his wife was born in Fountain countv, Indiana. 
The ancestry in the agnatic line is of Scotch- 
Irish derivation, and the direct line is traced 
back to the 3'oungest son of an English earl, he 
having left the parental home and located in 
Scotland, whence his descendants eventually 
came to America. The Cook family is of French 
Huguenot stock intermixed with German, the 
original progenitors in America having come 
hither from Gennany and the name having been 
spelled Koch at that time. The parents of our 
subject removed from Indiana to Iowa in 1853 
and they still reside in Clarksville, that state, 
honored pioneers of the commonwealth. Mr. 
Taylor was numbered among the early settlers 
of Butler county, where he purchased govern- 
ment land, receiving a warrantee deed signed by 
Franklin Pierce, who was then president of the 
United States. He paid the purchase price in 
gold, which was then the currency commonly in 
use. He continued to be actively identified with 



agricultural pursuits until 1902, when he re- 
tired, having now attained the venerable age of 
seventy-two years. He and his wife have long 
been prominent and zealous members of the 
Christian church, and he has also been influential 
in educational work. 

Dr. Taylor secured his preliminary educa- 
tion in the district schools of his native county 
and then completed a course in the high school 
at Qarksville. At the age of nineteen he initi- 
ated his pedagogic career, proving a successful 
teacher. At the age of twenty-one he went to 
Decorah, Iowa, where he completed a one year's 
course in the institute conducted by Professor 
John Breckenridge, and he thereafter continued 
to teach for two years in the district schools of 
his native state. In 1881 he entered the North- 
ern Indiana Normal School and Businei==i Uni- 
versity, at Valparaiso, Indiana, but shortly after- 
ward he suffered a serious illness, which com- 
pelled him to abandon his studies and return 
home. He then began teaching in the public 
schools of different towns and cities in Iowa, 
continuing to advance in his profession and to 
receive larger salaries from year to year. In 
1889 the Doctor came to South Dakota, and for 
three years was superintendent of the public 
schools of Alexandria. In the fall of 1894 he 
was matriculated in the medical department of 
the State University of Iowa, where he com- 
pleted the prescribed course and was graduated 
in the spring of 1897, receiving the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. He initiated the practice 
of his profession in Volga City, Iowa, but shortly 
afterward located in Lamont. and later engaged 
in practice in Waterloo, that state. In May, 
1903, Dr. Taylor came to Spencer and here 
established himself in practice, and he has 
already gained marked prestige in his profes- 
sion and controls a representative supporting 
patronage, which is a due recognition of his 
ability and genial personality. He is a member 
of the state medical society and is examiner for 
the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany, of Milwaukee ; the Northwestern National 
Life Insurance Company, of Minneapolis; and 
the Bankers' Life Insurance Company, of Des 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Moines, while he also holds a similar position 
with the Modern Woodmen of America, the 
Mutual Benefit Association, and the Central Life 
Insurance Association of Des Moines, the 
Ancient Order of ' Pyramicjs, the C. C. C. 
and the Modern Brotherhood of America. 
He is a Republican in politics and his 
religious faith is that of the Christian church. 
Fraternally he is identified with the Knights of 
Pythias, the Modern Woodmen of America, the 
Ancient Order of Pyramids, the Modern Brother- 
hood of America and the Mutual Benefit Associa- 
tion. 

On the 29th of September, 1898, Dr. Taylor 
was united in marriage to IMiss Marie A. Axtell. 
of Strawberry Point, Iowa, and they are the 
parents of two children. Roba H. and Hester M. 



WILLIAM T. ELLIS, postmaster at Salem, 
McCook county, is a native of the Badger state, 
having been born in Rock county, Wisconsin, on 
the 2d of August, 1852, a son of Thomas and 
Mary (Davis) Ellis, of whose six children he 
is the third and the eldest of the three surviv- 
ing. Of his brothers it may be noted that Allen 
B. is engaged in the grain business at Winni- 
peg, Manitoba, and that Edgar A. is engaged in 
the same line of enterprise in Assiniboine, 
Canada. The parents of the subject were born 
in Cardiganshire, South Wales, whence the 
father came to America when a young man, his 
marriage being solemnized in Ohio, where his 
wife had come with her parents when a girl. 
Thomas Ellis was a tailor by trade, but the 
sedentary employment made serious inroads on 
his health and he was thus led to abandon this 
vocation and turn his attention to agricultural 
pursuits. About 1850 he removed from the 
Buckeye state to Wisconsin, where he resided 
until 1855, when he removed to Freeborn county, 
Minnesota, where he initiated his operations as 
a farmer, becoming one of the prosperous men 
of that county, where he continued to reside 
until his death, which occurred on the 13th of 
September, 1874, since which time his loved 
and devoted wife has made her home with the 



subject of this review. Thomas Ellis was a Re- 
publican in politics and his religious faith was 
that of the Methodist Episcopal church, of 
which his widow is likewise a devoted member. 
William T. Ellis was reared on the home- 
stead farm in Minnesota, and after completing 
the curriculum of the district school he con- 
tinued his studies in the high school at Albert 
Lea, that state. At the age of twenty-one years 
he engaged in teaching in the public schools, and 
to this vocation he continued to give his atten- 
tion at intervals for about twelve years, in Min- 
nesota and South Dakota. In May, 1880, he 
came to Salem, this state, and within the same 
year entered a homestead claim in McCook 
county, at a point four miles west of Salem. He 
proved on this property and there continued to 
reside for a period of six years, developing a 
valuable farm. In 1888 he became associated 
with his brother Allen in the erection of a store 
building in Salem, and in the same they engaged 
in 'the hardware business, in which they con- 
tinued to be associated until May, 1901. In 
1897 the subject was appointed postmaster at 
Salem, taking charge of the office on the ist of 
June, and he has ever since remained in tenure 
of the position. At the initiation of his regime 
the office was one of the fourth class, but in 
1899 its business had so increased that it was 
brought into the class of presidential offices, so 
that Mr. Ellis received in that year his re- 
appointment directly from President McKinley. 
It is needless to say that he is an uncompromis- 
ing Republican, and in the connection he has 
done effective service in behalf of the party cause 
in this section of the state. He served three 
years as a member of the board of county com- 
missioners, having been incumbent of the office 
at the time of the erection of the present court 
house. Fraternally Mr. Ellis is identified with 
Fortitude Lodge, No. 73, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Salem Chapter, No. 34, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Omega Council, No. 2, Royal and 
Select Masters ; Constantine Commandery, No. 
2, Knights Templar, and El Riad Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine, in Sioux Falls. He is also af- 
filiated with the local organizations of the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Knights of the Maccabees. He was the first 
eminent commander of the Constantine Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, of Salem, and has 
ever manifested a deep interest in the noble fra- 
ternity of Freemasonry. 



J. C. LAWYER, M. D.. established in the 
successful practice of his profession in the town 
of Spencer, McCook county, was born in Bell- 
vilie, Washington county, Pennsylvania, on the 
2d of January, 1862, a son of Martin and Mar- 
garet (Moss) Lawver, of whose eight children 
all are living save one. Martin Lawver was 
born in Brownsville, Fayette county, Pennsyl- 
vania, as was also his father, while the grand- 
father was a native of Germany, whence he came 
to America in an early day, being numbered 
among the sterling pioneers of the old Keystone 
state. In the maternal line the Doctor traces his 
ancestry back to Scotch-Irish stock. His mother 
died in 1882, and his father now resides in Spen- 
cer, this state, having come to South Dakota 
about 1883 and purchasing land in McCook 
county, where he was actively engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits until 1902, when he removed 
to Spencer, where he has since lived retired. 

Dr. Lawver may be said to have inherited 
a certain predilection for the medical profession, 
since on the maternal side of the family there 
have been a number of able physicians, in the 
various generations. His uncle, Jolin C. Moss, 
was the inventor of the process of photo-en- 
graving, in which connection his name became 
known throughout the civilized world, while 
several others of the Moss family attained dis- 
tinction as lawyers and educators. Dr. Lawver 
secured his early education in the public schools 
and supplemented this by a course of study in 
Waynesburg College, at Waynesburg, Pennsyl- 
vania. At the early age of fourteen years he 
purchased medical books and began to devote his 
attention to careful study of the same, having 
determined to fit himself for the medical pro- 
fession. In 1882 he went to New York city to 
complete his medical gtudies. In the fall of 1884 
he entered the Bellevue Hospital Medical Col- 



lege, in New York city, where he continued his 
studies for the ensuing three years, being grad- 
uated with the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine. He then began the practice of his pro- 
fession at Granville, West Virginia, where he 
remained until the fall of 1891 when he was ma- 
triculated in the Baltimore Medical College, in 
the city of Baltimore, where he was graduated 
in the spring of 1892, having thus secured the 
very best of preliminary training for his exact- 
ing and responsible profession. After his gradu- 
ation the Doctor continued in practice at Gran- 
ville for a short time, and in the fall of the same 
year he came to South Dakota in search of an 
eligible location. In February, 1893, he es- 
tablished himself in practice in Spencer, where 
his skill, devotion and personal courtesy have 
been the factors which have enabled him to build 
up a large and representative practice. In ad- 
dition to his superior medical education which 
fitted him for active duties, since he commenced 
to practice twelve years ago, he has been a liberal 
patron and student of most of the leading medical 
books and periodical publications in this coun- 
try and abroad, by means of which he has suc- 
cessfully kept posted on the latest discoveries 
for the cure of human afflictions and the most 
skillful methods of treating them. Stacks of 
medical magazines and a magnificent library of 
the best medical works, representing a cost of 
hundreds of dollars, attest in the most emphatic 
term= to the educational qualifications of Dr. 
Lawver. Among the office equipments are 
nearly all the latest devices, implements and 
medical appliances used in testing the condition 
of the human system and for treating chronic 
diseases in the most scientific way. Very few 
country physicians have such a fine display of 
instruments and appliances as has Dr. Lawver, 
of Spencer, and this fact as well as the further 
fact that he possesses superior skill in handling 
them, is becoming widely known throughout 
this section of the country. During the past 
year the Doctor has erected a fine two-story 
brick building, entirely adapted to his own use, 
and it is his intention to ultimately utilize this 
building as a hospital in which he can treat cases 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of every description from different parts of the 
country, and give them hospital treatment at 
home equal to or better than what they now go 
to larger cities to obtain. He is a member of the 
State Medical Society and at all times keeps in 
touch witli the advances made in both branches 
of his profession. In politics he renders alle- 
giance to the Republican party, and fraternally is 
identified with the Free and Accepted jNIasons 
and the Modern Woodmen of America. 

On the 2d of February, 1903, Dri Lawyer 
was married to Miss Margaret Theis, of Farmer, 
this state, she being a daughter of Jacob Theis 
and a native of the state of South Dakota. 



CHARLES P. BARRIER, who is now liv- 
ing practically retired in the village of Geddes, 
was born in Besancon. France, on the 12th of 
June. 1833. being a son of Frederick and Kate 
( Goll ) Barbiere. both of whom passed their lives 
in la belle France, the former having devoted 
the major portion of his life to custom office 
pursuits, while he served with distinction in the 
French army. This worthy couple became the 
parents of nine children, of whom five are still 
living, three of the number being resident of the 
United States. The subject was reared to the 
age of sixteen in his native land, where he re- 
ceived good educational advantages, and at the 
age noted, in company with his sister Louise, he 
emigrated to the L^nited States. His father also 
desired to come to America, but found it inex- 
pedient thus to do, since his removal from the 
French domain would forfeit him the pension 
which he received from the government and 
which was adequate for his maintenance in his 
declining years. From New York city our sub- 
ject mafle his way to Ohio, where he remained 
about ten years, being variously employed, and 
he then went to the state of Louisiana, where he 
was engaged in working along the Mississippi 
river for several years, finally removing to the 
city of St. Louis, IMissouri, where he was em- 
ployed during the years 1859 and i860 by the 
American Fur Company, afterward being 



located for a time in Iowa. In 1861 he came to 
Dakota and secured employment with Dave 
Pease, a prominent Indian trader, whose head- 
quarters were on Pease creek and Pease island, 
which were named in his honor. Later he en- 
gaged in chopping wood to supply the steam- 
boats which then plied the ]\Iissouri river to 
points in Montana, where the gold excitement 
was then at its height. In 1867 he took up a 
homestead claim of a quarter section of land, 
near the river, and in what is now Charles Mix 
county. South Dakota. He improved this farm 
and retained the same in his possession until 
1893, when he disposed of the property, for a 
consideration of one thousand dollars. 

In November, 1863, l\Ir. Barbier was united 
in marriage to Miss Kate Bear, a member of the 
Yankton Sioux tribe of Indians, and of this 
union have been born six children, concerning 
whom we enter the following brief record : 
Louise is the wife of Dennis ]\Ioran. who resides 
in Fort Randall, being an extensive farmer; 
Mary is the wife of William Sweeney, who is 
an extensive farmer and stock grower on the 
Yankton reservation ; Annie, who is partially 
crippled, remains at the parental home ; Sophia 
resides in Geddes with her parents ; Fred, who 
married Miss Rose Burdean. is a successful 
farmer of Charles Mix county ; and Adele, who 
was the fifth in order of birth, died in early child- 
hood. In politics i\lr. Barbier gives his support 
to the Republican party, and he and his wife are 
communicants of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. He served for two years as county com- 
missioner, has always taken a deep interest in 
the advancement of the county and state and is 
held in high esteem by all who know him. He 
and his wife are the owners of two hundred 
and forty acres of land on the Yankton Indian 
reservation, and he gives a general supervision 
to this property as well as to his other cajiital- 
istic interests. Mr. Barbier has a vivid recollec- 
tion of the memorable snowfall which visited the 
state in the winter of 1880-81. The precipita- 
tion began on the 7th of December and remained 
on the ground until April 12th. The result was 
the loss of much valuable live stock by starva- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



103 



tion, and the subject himself suffered a loss of 
more tlian one hundred head of cattle at the 
time. 



SOLOMON CLOUGH. one of the promi- 
nent and representative farmers and stock grow- 
ers of Charles Mix county, is a native of the far 
distant Pine Tree state, having been born in 
Piscataquis county, Maine, on the 19th of 
August, 1832, so that he lias now passed the 
span of three score years and ten. He is a son 
of Noah and Abigail (Oakes) Clough. who be- 
came the parents of eight children, namely : 
Clarissa, Bradford, Noah, Orrison. Albion, 
Betsy Jane. .Solomon and John B. Of the chil- 
dren those living at the present time are Orrison, 
Solomon and John B. The father followed a 
seafaring life for seven years, after which he 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits during the 
balance of his active career. The Clough family 
is one whose name has long been identified with 
American history, the original progenitors in the 
new world having come hither from England 
about four centuries ago. When our subject was 
a lad of seven years his parents emigrated from 
Alaine to the new state of Illinois, settling in 
Winnebago county, where they remained about 
four years, the father having there purchased 
land for about two dollars an acre. At the ex- 
piration of the period noted he disposed of his 
Illinois farm and settled in Grant county, Wis- 
consin, where he purchased government land and 
developed a good farm, having been one of the 
sterling pioneers of that section of the Badger 
state, where both he and his wife continued to 
reside until their deaths. 

Solomon Clough, subject of this sketch, has 
a vivid recollection of the pioneer days in Wis- 
consin, where he passed his youth, assisting in 
the reclaiming and cultivation of the home farm 
and attending the common schools until he was 
about eighteen years of age. In 1854 he was 
united in marriage to Miss Frances Shaw, who 
was born in Illinois, and the one child of this 
union survived its birth by only a few days. The 
subject continued to follow agricultural pursuits 



in Wisconsin from the time of his marriage until 
1890, when he came to South Dakota, having 
previously disposed of his farm in Grant county, 
Wisconsin, for a consideration of fifteen dollars 
an acre. Upon arriving in Charles Mix county 
he purchased one hundred and sixty acres of 
the valuable land in the Missouri river valley, 
paying for the same at the rate of six and one- 
quarter dollars an acre, while he also took up a 
homestead claim of eighty acres. He now is the 
owner of a fine landed estate of two hundred and 
forty acres, the same having excellent improve- 
ments of a permanent nature and being main- 
tained under a high state of cultivation. In 
politics Mr. Clough pronounces himself a Jef- 
fersonian Democrat and an Abraham Lincoln 
Republican, and he holds that the two terms are 
synonymous. He served for six years as treas- 
urer of his school district and has done all in 
his power to forward the educational interests of 
the district. He and his wife are members of 
the R. G. Ingersoll church. 



J. E. HAMAKER, one of the leading busi- 
ness men and honored citizens of Spencer, 
McCook county, comes of stanch German lineage 
and was born in Perry county, Pennsylvania, on 
the 28th of February, 1849, ^ son of Adam and 
Hannah (Grubb) Hamaker, both likewise native 
of that county and representatives of old and hon- 
ored families of the Keystone state. Adam Ha- 
maker was a wheelwright by trade and devoted 
his attention to the same for a number of years, 
later engaging in agricultural pursuits. In 1857 
he removed with his family to Ogle county, Illi- 
nois, where he became a successful farmer and 
prominent citizen, his death there occurring in 
1892, his wife passing away in 1901. 

The subject of this sketch secured his early 
education in the common schools of Pennsylvania 
and Illinois, and as a youth he became identified 
with the great basic art of agriculture, to which 
he continued to give active allegiance until 1892. 
In the spring of 1880 Mr. Hamaker came to South 
Dakota and took up a homestead claim in McCook 
county and a tree claim in Miner county. He 



II04 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



made excellent improvements on both of these 
properties and continued to reside on his fine 
homestead until 1892, when he took up his resi- 
dence in Spencer. In 1894 he here established 
himself in the furniture and undertaking busi- 
ness, in which he has since continued. 

In politics Mr. Hamaker is an uncompromis- 
ing advocate of the principles of the Democratic 
party. In 1891 he was elected a member of the 
state legislature from his district, being one of the 
historic "faithful twenty-five," and making a cred- 
itable record as a conscientious and able legisla- 
tor. He served several years as a member of the 
Democratic central committee of McCook county, 
and has been a member of the state central com- 
mittee since 1902. Fraternally he is affiliated 
with Spencer Lodge, No. 126, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and Salem Chapter, No. 34, Royal Arch 
Masons. 

On the 29th of December, 1881, Mr. Hamaker 
was united in marriage to Miss Rosa B. Jarver, 
of Ogle county, Illinois, no children having been 
born of the union. 



STANLEY B. DICKINSON, M. D., is one 
of the able and popular young members of the 
medical profession in the state, being success- 
fully engaged in practice in Watertown, and be- 
ing held in high regard in professional, business 
and social circles. The Doctor is a native of 
the state of Michigan, having been born in Ben- 
ton Harbor, Berrien county, on the i6th of April, 
1871. He is a son of Joseph and Hannah A. 
(Davis) Dickinson, the former of whom was 
born in the state of Michigan and the latter in 
New York. Joseph Dickinson became one of the 
successful fruit growers in the famous peach belt 
of Michigan, was a man who commanded une- 
quivocal confidence and esteem, and died at his 
home in Benton Harbor in 1888, at the age of 
fifty-five years, his wife being' still a resident of 
that place. The paternal grandfather of the sub- 
ject was Robert Dickinson, who was born in Eng- 
land, whence he came to America as a young 
man. 

Dr. Dickinson received his early educational 



training in the public schools of his native place 
and then entered the Northern Indiana Business 
Institute, in Valparaiso, Indiana, where he was 
graduated as a member of the class of 1890. The 
following three years he was engaged in manag- 
ing a fruit farm in his native county, and at the 
expiration of this period entered the medical de- 
partment of the State University of Illinois, es- 
tablished in the city of Chicago, where he com- 
pleted the prescribed course and was graduated 
as a member of the class of 1897, having passed 
the intervening summers in further technical 
study, under the preceptorship of Dr. John Bell, 
of Benton Harbor. After his graduation, with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine, he held for a 
short time a position as interne in West Side Hos- 
pital, in Chicago, thus gaining farther and valu- 
able clinical experience. He was thereafter en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession in Chicago 
for four years, at the expiration of which, in 1901, 
he came to South Dakota and opened an office in 
Watertown. where by his energy, ability, devo- 
tion to his profession and gracious personality 
he has built up a most gratifying and successful 
practice. While in Chicago he was for three 
years clinical instructor on diseases of children 
in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, while 
he also acted as medical examiner for the New 
York Mutual Life Insurance Company, the Pru- 
dential, of Newark, New Jersey, and other lead- 
ing companies, as well as fraternal insurance or- 
ders. In politics the Doctor is an uncompromis- 
ing Republican, taking a lively interest in the 
questions and issues of the hour. He is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church, and fra- 
ternally is identified with the Masonic and 
Pythian orders, and belongs to the District, State 
and American Medical Associations. 

On the 26th of September, 1900, Dr. Dickin- 
son was united in marriage, in the city of Chi- 
cago, to Miss Nellie C. Shurtleflf, who was born 
and reared in that city, being a daughter of Bar- 
zella M. and Mary Ellen (Sibley) Shurtleflf. the 
former of whom was born in Illinois and the 
latter in Vermont. Mr. Shurtleflf has been for 
many years a prominent commission merchant in 
Chicago. The Sibleys are of a prominent old 




S. B. DICKENSON, M. D. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



family of New England, and related to that re- 
doubtable Revolutionary hero, General Israel 
Putnam. Laura Bridgeman, the famous blind 
mute, is also a relative of the family. Mrs. 
Dickinson is a member of the Woman's Club and 
is prominent in local social circles, being an ac- 
complished musician and a woman of gracious 
refinement. They have one son, Robert Sibley 
Dickinson. 



SUTTON E. YOUNG, a resident of Aurora 
county, is a native of the old Buckeye state, hav- 
ing been born in Hiram, Portage county, Ohio, 
•on the 23d of September, 1847, ^ son of Erastus 
M. and Christina (Allyn") Young, both of whom 
were representatives of sterling pioneer families 
of Ohio. The father was born in 1813, while 
"his death occurred in 1891, his life having been 
devoted to fanning and to contracting and build- 
ing. His wife died in 1899, at the age of seventy- 
seven >-ears, and of their three children the sub- 
ject of this sketch and his brother. Dr. Clark 
M. Young, a professor in the University of 
South Dakota, are now living. 

Sutton E. Young was reared to the sturdy 
discipline of the farm and his early educational 
training was received in the public schools, after 
which he continued his studies in Hiram College, 
Ohio, where he was graduated as a member of 
the class of 1871. Thereafter he was for five 
years superintendent of the public schools of 
Kenton. Ohio. In the meantime he had given 
careful attention to the study of law, securing 
admission to the bar of Ohio in 1875. He served 
as prosecuting attorney of Hardin county, Ohio, 
for one term and later represented the same 
countv in the legislature of the state. In 1881 
Mr. Young came to the territory of Dakota and 
accepted the superintendency of the public 
schools of Sioux Falls, remaining in that posi- 
tion until 1884 and gaining a high reputation 
as one of the able educators of the state. Later 
"he was successfully engaged in the practice of 
law in Sioux Falls. He was elected a member 
of the first legislature of the state of South 
Dakota in 1889, and had the distinction of being 



chosen the first speaker of the house of repre- 
sentatives. In 1891 he returned with his family 
to Ohio, where they remained four years, during 
which time his sons were attending college at 
Hiram, Ohio. He then returned to South Da- 
kota and passed the ensuing two years in Rapid 
City, in the Black Hills, after which he again 
took up his residence in Sioux Falls, where he 
remained until 1901, and was then appointed 
superintendent of the State Reform School at 
Plankinton, which position he now holds. Mr. 
Young is a stanch advocate of the principles and 
policies of the Republican party and has been 
an effective worker in its cause and one of the 
leading campaign speakers in the state. 

On the nth of May. 1874, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Young to Miss Emma 
Stickney, daughter of Cleveland and Abigail 
(Abbott) Stickney, of Medina county, Ohio. 
Mrs. Young is a graduate of Oberlin College, 
Ohio, and has always been prominently identified 
with educational and philanthropic work. At 
the time of her marriage she was principal of the 
high school of Kenton, Ohio. She has also taught 
in the Sioux Falls high school and in the Sioux 
Falls College. Mrs. Young has written much 
on educational themes and at present has 
editorial charge of the Reform School Item. 
There are three children in the family, concern- 
ing whom we enter the following brief record : 
.A.llyn A. completed a course of study in his 
father's alma mater. Hiram College, in Ohio, 
and then entered the University of Wisconsin, at 
Madison, to take a post-graduate course, and 
received the doctor's degree in 1902. He is now 
professor of economics in the Western Reserve 
University, in the city of Cleveland, Ohio. Evan 
E. was educated in Hiram College and in the 
South Dakota State School of Mines, at Rapid 
City. When the First South Dakota Regiment 
was organized for service in the Spanish- 
American war he entered the regiment as sec- 
ond lieutenant of Company M, of Rapid City. 
He served with the regiment in all its campaigns 
in the Philippines and was promoted to a first 
lieutenancy and made adjutant of the regiment. 
When the regiment returned home to be mus- 



[io6 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



tered out. Lieutenant Young remained in the 
Philippines and accepted a commission as cap- 
tain in the Eleventh Cavalrs', United States Vol- 
unteers. He was appointed adjutant of the regi- 
ment and served about eighteen months until the 
regiment was mustered out March 13, igoi. He 
then declined a commission as first lieutenant of 
cavalry. United States army, to enter the law 
school of the University of Wisconsin. He 
graduated in the law course in June, 1903, and 
immediately began the practice of law at Sioux 
Falls. Gertrude, the youngest of the three chil- 
dren, is now a student in the University of Wis- 
consin. 



WILLIAM MOORE, who is one of the 
owners and operators of the Armour Roller 
Mills at Armour, Douglas county, is a native of 
the province of Ontario, Canada, having been 
born in the town of Athens, on the loth of May, 
1857, a son of Mark and Ann Moore. He re- 
ceived his educational discipline in the excellent 
schools of his native province, where he was en- 
gaged in business until the year 1881, when he 
came to the Lfnited States and located in the 
city of Cleveland, Ohio, where he resided for two 
years, at the expiration of which, in 1883, he 
came to Douglas county. South Dakota, where 
he established himself in the hardware and agri- 
cultural-implement business in the town of 
Grand View, moving to Armour later and be- 
coming one of the early merchants of the place 
and building up a most successful enteqjrise, 
while he secured a firm hold on the confidence 
and esteem of the community, so that his busi- 
ness increased in scope and importance with the 
development and growth of the village and 
county. In the year igoi Mr. Moore disposed 
of this business and shortly afterward purchased 
an interest in the Armour Roller Mills, of which 
he assumed the active management at the time. 
The output of the mills finds a ready demand 
in the market, and its products are sold through- 
out the state, the special brands of flour manu- 
factured being the Fancy Patent, the White 
Rose and the Headlight, all of which have at- 



tained a high reputation through South Dakota, 
being held equal to any brands to be found in 
any section of the L'nion. The mills have been 
equipped with the most modern and improved 
macliinery and accessories, and the most scrupu- 
lous care is given to every detail of operation, 
the daily capacity being for the output of fifty 
barrels. Through the indefatigable efforts and 
able administrative powers of Mr. Moore the 
scope of the business has been greatly expanded, 
and the enterprise is one which is highly appre- 
ciated and which contributes largely to the in- 
dustrial prestige of the attractive town of 
Armour. Mr. Moore is a stanch advocate of 
the principles and policies of the Democratic 
party, and is at the present time a valued mem- 
ber of the village council. Fraternally he is 
identified with Arcania Lodge, No. 97, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Armour, South Dakota; 
Mitchell Qiapter, No. 16, Royal Arch Masons, 
and St. Bernard Commanderv-, No. 11. Knights 
Templar, the latter two affiliations being with 
the respective bodies in the city of Mitchell. 

On the 3d of June, 1891, Air. Moore was 
united in marriage to Miss Hattie E. Long, of 
Cleveland, Ohio, and they are the parents of 
two fine sons, William A. and Lucius Wells, 
aged ten and seven, respectively. 



BYRON P. JONES, of Prosper township, 
Davison county, was born on a farm in Rensse- 
laer county. New York, on the 25th of February, 
1855, being the youngest of the three children of 
Augustus and Margaret (Jones) Jones. His 
sister, Eudora, is now the wife of N. H. Dum- 
bolton, of Rockford, Iowa, and his brother, 
James Irving, is a resident of Rockford, Iowa. 
When the subject was twelve years of age his 
parents removed to Wisconsin, and in 1868 they 
t(xik up his residence in Floyd county, Iowa, 
where they passed the remainder of their lives. 
The educational advantages aflforded the sub- 
ject were somewhat limited, being confined to 
a somewhat irregular attendance in the common 
schools of New York and Wisconsin. He was 
thirteen years of age at the time of the removal 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



to Iowa, and there he continued to make his 
home until he had attained manhood, being en- 
o-agcd in farm work during the intervening 
years. 

In 1879 he came as a pioneer to Soutli Da- 
kota, taking up a homestead claim of one hundred 
and sixty acres, in what is now Prosper town- 
ship, Davison county, and later securing a pre- 
emption claim of equal area, the two tracts con- 
stituting his present farm, the major portion of 
whicli he has brought under a high state of 
cultivation, while he has erected a substantial 
dwelling and other good buildings, constructed 
fences about the place and otherwise brought it 
up to a model status. He is a Republican in 
politics and is known as a loyal and public- 
spirited citizen. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and 
both he and his wife are valued members of the 
Presbyterian church, in whose work they take a 
zealous interest. 

On the 21 St of March, 1881, J\Ir. Jones was 
united in marriage to Miss Huldah Emma Colby, 
who was born and reared in Illinois and who 
was a resident of Rockford county, Iowa, at the 
time of her marriage, being a daughter of Eben 
and Mary Cnlliy. Of this union have been born 
five children, all of whom are living, namely: 
Margie, Blanche, :\lay, Ethel and Ella. 



OLR'ER P. AULD, one of the represent- 
ative business men of Plankinton, Aurora county, 
is a native of the city of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 
where he was born on the 20th of March, 1855, 
and when he was a child of two years his par- 
ents removed westward to Benton count^^ Iowa, 
where he was reared to maturity, his educational 
training having been received in the public 
schools of Iowa and Illinois. At the age of 
seventeen years he left school and initiated his 
independent career, having been engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits for a few years thereafter in 
Iowa, after which he engaged in the mercantile 
business in Vinton, that state, conducting the 
enterprise for three years, at the expiration of 
which, in 1883. he came to the territory of 



Dakota and took up his residence in Plankinton, 
Aurora county, where he established a general 
mercantile business, building up an excellent 
trade and devoting his attention to the same for 
four years. He then disposed of his interests in 
the line and engaged in the abstract business, in 
which he has ever since continued, having a rep- 
resentative support and being thoroughly equip- 
ped for the facile handling of all work involved, 
while he is known as an expert in the line and as 
one of the best judges of realty values in this 
section of the state. In the real-estate depart- 
ment of his business he has handled most valu- 
able properties in various sections of the state, 
showing marked discrimination in his operations 
and being recognized as one of the reliable and 
straightforward real-estatt men of the state, 
while upon his books are always to be found 
details in regard to most desirable investments. 
He is at the present time rendering eflfective 
service as receiver of the Bank of Plankinton. 
which went into liquidation in 1900. In politics 
he is stanchly aligned in support of the principles 
and policies of the Re])ublican party, in whose 
interests he has been an active worker, having 
frequently been a delegate to county and state 
conventions. For ten years he was chainnan of 
the board of county commissioners, while for 
four years he was incumbent of the office of 
president of the village council, ably managing 
and directing the executive department of the 
nnmicipal government, while he has also held 
other village offices, ever manifesting a marked 
loyalty and public spirit and being one of the 
representative citizens of the county. He and 
his wife are prominent and valued members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 

On the 4th of October, 1883, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Auld to Miss Nellie Hoon, 
of Vinton, Iowa, and they are the parents of four 
children, Clarence, Leslie, Glenn and Nellie. 



GEORGE T. CHANDLER, one of the pro- 
gressive agriculturists and stock growers of 
Douglas county, was born in Fayette county, 
Ohio, on the ist of November, 1847, being a son 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of Howell and Martha (Pace) Chandler. Both 
parents were born in Virginia, being represent- 
atives of old and prominent families of the Old 
Dominion state. Representatives in both the 
paternal and maternal lines took part in the war 
of the Revolution, as well as that of 1812, in 
which latter the paternal grandfather of the 
subject served as quartermaster. Two of the 
brothers of the subject were valiant defenders of 
the Union in the war of the Rebellion. William 
S. went to the front as a member of the Second 
Massachusetts Cavalry, while H. T. was a mem- 
ber of Company A, Thirty-fourth Iowa Volun- 
teer Infantry, while five cousins were members 
of the Third Iowa Cavalry during the same great 
conflict through which the Union was preserved. 
The honored father of Mr. Reed, who was a 
miller by profession, died in i8g8, aged eighty 
years, while the mother died in 1881, aged sixty- 
seven years. 

George T. Chandler was, a child of eight 
years at the time when his parents removed from 
Ohio to Iowa, locating on a farm in Decatur 
county, where he received his educational train- 
ing in the public schools, continuing his studies 
until he had attained the age of eighteen years, 
after which he devoted his attention to the man- 
agement of a portion of his father's farm until 
1880, when he secured a farm of his own in 
Decatur county, Iowa, where he continued to 
reside until 1882, when he came to what is now 
the state of South Dakota and became one of the 
pioneers of Douglas county. Here he filed claim 
to a quarter section, where he has since made 
his home, having inade excellent improvements, 
erecting good buildings, and he has brought the 
place under a high state of cultivation, his landed 
estate in the county now comprising one hundred 
and sixty acres, while in addition to securing 
large yields of the cereals and other products 
commonly raised in this section he devotes no 
little attention to the breeding and raising of 
high-grade cattle, swine and horses. He is alert 
and progressive in his business methods and has 
attained marked success, while he holds the 
confidence and esteem of the people of the com- 
munity in which he has so long made his home, i 



In politics he is an uncompromising advocate of 
the principles of the Democratic party, and has 
been an active worker in its behalf, having been 
a potent factor in securing to the same note- 
worthy victories in Douglas county, though he 
has never been ambitious for personal prefer- 
ment in a political way. He has served, how- 
ever, for six }ears as a member of the school 
board of his district, and is always relied upon 
to lend his aid and influence in support of all 
measures tending to advance the general wel- 
fare. He is a member of Armour Lodge, No. 
25, Knights of Pythias, at Armour, being past 
chancellor of the same, while he has represented 
his lodge as delegate to the grand lodge of the 
state. He is also identified with the Knights 
of the Maccabees. 

On the 25th of October. 1868, Mr. Chandler 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary Ellen 
Chambers, who was born in Jefferson county, 
Iowa, on the 2d of December, 1847, being a 
daughter of Daniel and Eliza (Breniman) Cham- 
bers, her father having been a pioneer farmer 
of the county mentioned. He now resides in 
Kansas, having attained the patriarchal age of 
eighty-seven years, and having been afflicted 
with blindness for the past fifteen years. His de- 
voted wife was summoned into eternal rest in 
1894, at the age of seventy-eight years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Chandler are the parents of four children, 
all of whom remain at the parental home, 
namely: Marion Austin, Thomas M., Howell 
Francis and Cora E. 



JAMES GURNAL JONES, one of the pio- 
neers of Charles Mix county, is a native of the 
old Empire state of the Union, having been born 
on a farm in Oneida county. New York, on the 
2ist of April, 1851, a son of William J. and Ann 
fWheldon) Jones. The grandparents of the 
subject were born in Wales, whence they emi- 
grated to the United States about the year 1812, 
locating in the state of New York, where they 
passed the remainder of their lives. The father 
of our subject was born in Oneida county. New 
York, and became a prominent farmer near 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Utica, Oneida county, where he died in 1877. 
James G. Jones received his early educational 
discipline in the common schools and in an 
academy at Rome, New York, while he has ever 
been a wide reader and student of affairs, and 
is a man of broad and exact information, hav- 
ing supplemented his early training by system- 
atic personal application. He continued to as- 
sist in the work of the home farm until he had 
attained the age of sixteen years, when, in 1867. 
he gave rein to his spirit of adventure and came 
to the west, passing five years in Texas and the 
Indian territorv' and gaining much experience 
in regard to life on the frontier. In 1873 he 
came to what is now the state of South Dakota 
and settled in Charles Mix county. In 1879. 
when the county was organized. Governor How- 
ard appointed Mr. Jones county commissioner, 
while in the first popular election, in the fall 
of the same year, he was elected register of 
deeds of the county. He was re-elected in 1880, 
serving for a total of three years, as the first in- 
cumbent of this office. Four years later he was 
chosen representative of his county in the first 
constitutional convention of the south half of 
the territory of Dakota, but declined to serve, 
said convention having been held at Sioux Falls. 
In 1887 he was elected a member of the terri- 
torial legislature, serving with marked ability 
and being chosen as his own successor two years 
later. Prior to the organization of Charles Mix 
county Mr. Jones and Major Thad S. Clarkson, 
ex-commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, were rival candidates for the ter- 
ritorial legislature, and the vote proved to be a 
tie. Under these conditions Brule county, which 
gave Mr. Jones a majority, was conveniently 
thrown out on a technical pretext and his de- 
feat was thus compassed, this being in the year 
1876. 

The subject was a stanch supporter of the 
Republican party until the organization of the 
Populist party, when he transferred his 
allegiance to the same, and he has ever since 
been one of the ablest and most enthusiastic 
advocates of its cause in the state, while he has 
been an effective worker in the promotion of its 



interests. In 1893 Mr. Jones was the nominee 
of his party for the state senate, but met defeat 
by a narrow margin. In 1896 he was elected 
enrolling and engrossing clerk of the house of 
representatives. In 1898 he was again the nomi- 
nee of his party for the state senate, and at this 
time a gratifying majority was rolled up in his 
favor, and he proved an able and valued mem- 
ber of this body. In 1900 he was one of the 
delegatcs-at-large from this state to the Peo- 
ple's party national convention, at Sioux Falls, 
which nominated Bryan for the presidency and 
Towne for the vice-presidency. Mr. Jones is 
a man of strong individuality and marked intel- 
lectuality, being a close student of the political 
and economic questions of the hour and being 
ever fortified in his convictions. He is the owner 
of a fine landed estate of three hundred and 
twenty acres, in the Missouri valley district of 
the county, and is one of the successful farmers 
and stock growers of this section. Fraternally 
he is identified with Doric Lodge, No. 93, Free 
and Accepted Masons, at Platte, which village 
is fourteen miles distant from his fine farm 
home. 

On the 15th of July, 1877, Mr. Jones was 
united in marriage to Miss Winifred Mulleague, 
who was born in County Roscommon, Ireland, 
whence she came to America at the age of thir- 
teen years and established her home with her 
brothers and sisters in Bon Homme county, 
South Dakota, where she was reared to maturity. 
As before noted, she was the first white woman 
to settle in Charles Mix county, where she re- 
sided almost two years with her husband with- 
out seeing a person of her sex and race, and 
her eldest child was the first white child born in 
the county. Mr. and Mrs. Jones are the parents 
of eight children, all of whom have been ac- 
corded the best possible educational advantages, 
their names, in order of birth, being as follows: 
Whitfield, William James, Mary Laura, Gordon 
Gurnal, Winifred Ann, Roscoe Conkling, Fran- 
cis, Wheldon and Emma Lela. Four of the 
children are successful and popular teachers in 
the public schools of tlie county, namely : Whit- 
field, Mary L., Gordon G. and William J. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



A. SHERIN, one of the representative 
citizens of Codington county, being engaged in 
the practice of law in Watertown and being also 
the editor and publisher of the Watertown 
Times, was born in Victoria county, province of 
Ontario, Canada, on the nth of March. 1857, 
and is a son of Henry and Ann Sherin, both of 
whom were bom in Ireland, whence they came 
to Canada with their respective parents when 
thev were young. The father of the subject 
became a successful farmer and both he and his 
wife died in Canada. 

A. Sherin, the subject of this review passed 
the first sixteen years of his life on the home 
farm, and received a common-school education, 
completing his studies in the schools at Branch- 
ton, Ontario. He early manifested a predilection 
for mechanical pursuits and became a skilled 
carpenter, to which line of work he devoted his 
attention for eight years after leaving the 
parental roof. In 1881 he came to what is now 
the state of South Dakota, and in the following 
year took up a pre-emption claim near the village 
of Blunt. Hughes county. In 1884 he removed 
to Britton. the capital of Marshall county, and 
there engaged in the practice of law, for which 
he had prepared himself by careful preliminary 
study, being duly admitted to the bar of the ter- 
ritory. He built up an excellent professional 
business and there continued in practice until 
1899, when he came to Watertown, where he 
has since been engaged in general practice. He 
was editor and publisher of the Britton Sentinel 
from 1891 until his removal to Watertown, and 
here he has since published and edited the Water- 
town Times, one of the ably conducted and popu- 
lar weekly newspapers of the state. Mr. Sherin 
served as county judge in Marshall county dur- 
ing the years 1895-6, and during the ensuing two 
years was state's attorney of that county. He 
is a Populist in his political faith and adherency, 
and has been a prominent and influential figure 
in the ranks of the same in South Dakota, having 
done most eflfective service in the party cause. 
He and his wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and fraternally he is identified 
with the Modern Brotherhood of America, of 



which he served as secretary in the local or- 
ganization for two years. 

In Gait, Ontario, in the year 1879, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Sherin to Miss Sarah 
J. Copeland, and of their five children four are 
living. Edwin J. was born in 1880; Burtie was 
born in 1881 and died in 1897; Arthur was born 
in 1883 : Harry in 1887 and Evaline in 1894. 



ALONZO J. BUFFALOE. AI. D., estab- 
lished in the successful practice of his profession 
in the attractive little city of Alexandria, Hanson 
county, is a native of the fine old state of North 
Carolina, having been born in Raleigh. Wake 
county, and being the son of B. B. and Cor- 
nelia Buffaloe, representatives of old and hon- 
ored southern families. The father is devoting 
his life to agriculture and is a man of promi- 
nence and influence in his community. Dr. Buf- 
faloe was accorded excellent educational ad- 
vantages in his youthful days, having secured 
his preliminary discipline in the common schools 
of his native state and having entered Wake 
Forest College, where he received his literary 
training. In the meanwhile he had determined 
to prepare himself for the noble profession to 
which he is now giving his attention, and was 
matriculated in that celebrated technical insti- 
tution of the national metropolis, Bellevue Hos- 
pital Medical College, in New York city, being 
there graduated in 1886 and receiving his coveted 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. After his gradu- 
ation, wishing to be more thoroughly equipped for 
the arduous duties of his chosen profession, he 
took special courses in chemistry, physical diag- 
nosis, surgen,- and army and navy dressings in 
Belleview and Mount Sinai Hospitals. He then 
located in the city of Raleigh, North Carolina, 
determined to win his professional spurs in his 
native state, and there he initiated the active 
practice of medicine and surgerv', being for some 
time connected with the city hospital, where he 
gained still further clinical experience of the 
most valuable order. He continued to be there 
engaged in practice until 1901. In 1895 he 
availed himself for a while of the advantages of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the post-graduate course at the Johns Hopkins 
Hospital, Baltimore, Marv'land. Dr. Buffaloe 
came to South Dakota in April, 1901, and finally 
became impressed with the attractions of Alex- 
andria and decided to establish himself here. 
He has no reason to regret his choice, for he 
has met a most favorable reception, both profes- 
sionally and socially, and has built up a gratify- 
ing practice. 



WILLIAM HENRY STOKES was born in 
the town of Porter, Rock county, Wisconsin, on 
the i6th of May, 1845, being the son of Charles 
and Anna E. (Kimble) Stokes, the former of 
whom was born in Axbridge, Somersetshire, 
England, in 1812, while the latter was a native of 
Saugerties, New York, being of English and 
Dutch lineage. He was educated in the district 
schools in Wisconsin until the age of nineteen, 
finishing with one term in a select school at 
Mitchell, Mitchell county. Iowa. His early life 
was spent on the farm. His business life began 
]May 16, 1866. He was associated with his 
brothers in the sawmill and lumber business until 
the spring of 1872. From 1872 until the present 
time, 1904, he has been interested with various 
parties in the milling business, ten years in 
Janesville, Waseca counts', Minnesota, and the 
remainder of the time up to the present date in 
the milling and grain business at Watertown, 
South Dakota. At present he is president and 
manager of the W. H. Stokes Milling Company, 
while his son-in-law, F. E. Hawley, is the sec- 
retary and treasurer. 

The old milling plant, built in 1882 at Water- 
town, South Dakota, was destroyed by fire March 
13, 1901, and the summer following the fire the 
present substantial mill and elevator plant was 
erected on the same site, business being resumed 
on December 19, 1901. The W. H. Stokes Mill- 
ing Company's mill and elevator are decidedly 
the largest and most modern in the state. The 
brick elevator and steel tanks have a capacity of 
one hundred and forty thousand bushels and are 
practically fireproof. The subject of this sketch 
has also been largely interested in farming, now 



owning and controlling something over five 
thousand acres of land, most of which is in Cod- 
ington county. South Dakota. 

W. H. Stokes is recognized as one of the 
leading business men of the state and at the 
present time is found worthy of having his name 
enrolled in the Financial Red Book of x-Vmcrica 
for 1903. 

Mr. Stokes was married to Miss Elsie Mi- 
nerva Grout on December 23, 1872. She was born 
at York, Wisconsin, September 18, 1853, being 
the daughter of Leroy and Cordelia (Flower) 
Grout, the former of whom was born at Vermont 
and the latter in the state of New York. Nine 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Stokes. 
Their names are: Ella Glencora, wife of F. E. 
Hawley; Gladys May, Maud Leonore, Alice 
Wilhelmena, Elsie Minerva, William Henry, Jr., 
Louisa Alcott, Anna Kimble and Philip Doug- 
las, all of whom are now living. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stokes and six of their children are members of 
the Congregational church. Mr. Stokes is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, being affiliated with 
the Kampeska Lodge, No. 13, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons ; Watertown Chapter, No. 12, 
Royal Arch Masons, and Watertown Command- 
ery. No. 7, Knights Templar. He served as 
eminent commander of the commanderv for two 
years. 

Politically Mr. Stokes has always been a Re- 
publican, although he has never aspired to any 
political office or influence. 



CLINTON D. HOSKIN, who is the pres- 
ent popular and able incumbent of the office of 
register of deeds of Hand county, claims the 
fine old Buckeye state as the place of his nativity, 
having been born in the county of Ashtabula, 
Ohio, on the 29th of October, 1867, and being 
a son of Hilan J. and Nancy (George) Hoskin, 
who were likewise born in that state. The sub- 
ject is the elder of their two children, his sister 
Maud being now the wife of A. R. Hannum, of 
Hand county, South Dakota, while his parents 
are residents of Huron, South Dakota. When 
Clinton D. was but two years of age his parents 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



removed to Wheatland, Qinton county, Iowa, 
where his father engaged in teaming, and seven 
years later they removed to Buena Vista county, 
that state, where the father turned his attentioh 
to farming. The subject secured his educational 
training in the public schools of the Hawkeye 
state, where he was reared to maturity, and in 
1884, at the age of sixteen years, he came to 
Hand county. South Dakota, where his father 
took up a homestead claim, in Gilbert township, 
and here he turned his attention to farming, in 
which he was engaged until his election to his 
present office. 

Mr. Hoskin has given a stanch allegiance to 
the Republican party from the time of attaining 
his majority, has evinced a lively interest in pub- 
lic affairs of a local nature and been a prominent 
worker in the party cause. He served as treas- 
urer of his school district for a period of thir- 
teen years, and in the fall of 1902 was elected to 
the office of register of deeds of Hand county, 
for a term of two years, assuming his official 
functions in January. 1903. He is well known 
in the county, and his personal popularity is at- 
tested by his having been chosen to fill his pres- 
ent office. Fraternally he is identified with St. 
Lawrence Lodge, Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, in St. Lawrence. 

On the 29th of October, 1889, Mr. Hoskin 
was united in marriage to Miss Florence A. 
Scovill, daughter of B. P. Scovill, a prominent 
farmer of this county. She was born in !\Iason 
county. Illinois, and was twelve years of age at 
the time of her parents' removal to South Da- 
kota. Mr. and Mrs. Hoskin have four children, 
Mabel I., Hilan J., Mina F. and Benjamin P. 



NICK KIRSCH, a farmer and stock raiser 
of Codington county, whose homestead lies at 
Gardner, about five miles northeast of Water- 
town, is a native of Germany, born in Luxem- 
borugh on February 9, 1859. He is one of a 
family of six children, two sons and four daugh- 
ters, whose parents were Michael and Maggie 
Kirsch, natives of Luxembourg, as were the 
antecedents of both branches of the familv for 



many generations. Michael Kirsch, in 1880, 
brought his family to the United States and set- 
tled in Minnesota, where he lived until 1882, at 
which time he removed to Codington county. 
South Dakota, his present place of residence. 

The subject of this review grew to young 
manhood in his native country, received a fair 
education in the public schools and in 1880 ac- 
companied his parents to the new world, remain- 
ing with them until their removal to Dakota. In 
1882 he took up a homestead in Kreuzberg town- 
ship, Codington county, and after residing on 
the same for a period of five years, sold out and 
purchased his present beautiful place in Elmira 
township, consisting of five hundred and sixty 
acres of fine land, admirably situated for agri- 
cultural and stock purposes. In addition to 
farming, which he carries on very successfully, 
especially the raising of grains, Mr. Kirsch de- 
votes considerable attention to live stock and 
purposes ultimately to make the latter his prin- 
cipal business. He now has quite a herd of 
cattle, to which he is making additions as 
rapidly as possible, also owns a number of valu- 
able sheep and horses and the time is not far dis- 
tant when he will come to the front as one of 
the leading stockmen in this section of the state. 
In addition to his stock and agricultural inter- 
ests he runs an elevator at Gardner, near his 
place, and his operations as a buyer and shipper 
of grain have been eminently successful, as the 
steady growth of his business abundantly at- 
tests. 

Mr. Kirsch is one of the progressive German- 
American citizens of Codington county and his 
enterprising spirit has done much for the ma- 
terial advancement of the community in which 
he resides. While retaining warm feelings and 
tender recollections of the fatherland, he is a 
loyal citizen of his adopted country and a great 
admirer of its laws and institutions. 

Mr. Kirsch was married November 17, 1887, 
to Miss ]\Iaggie Pfeil, of Minnesota, daughter of 
Christopher and Elizabeth Pfeil, natives of Ger- 
many. The parents of Mrs. Kirsch came to the 
United States a number of years ago and for 
some time lived in St. Qiarles, Minnesota, at 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



which place the mother died on January 27, 
1902. The father still lives at St. Charles. They 
reared a family of eleven children, all but one 
living. Mr. and Mrs. Kirsch have five bright, 
interesting children, whose names are as follows : 
Freddie N., Elizabeth S., Eddie D., Lena G. and 
Christopher G. 



GEORGE C. OSTRANDER comes of sturdy 
old Dutch stock and traces his family history to 
the early settlement of the Mohawk valley. New 
York. His great-grandfather, William Ostrander, 
was one of the Dutch pioneers of Herkimer 
county, that state, took an active part in the set- 
tlement and development of the valley and be- 
came an influential factor in the affairs of the 
community which he assisted to found. His son, 
William, was a blacksmith by trade, and a man 
of sturdy character and generous impulses, who 
carried to successful completion any undertaking 
to which he addressed himself. He married 
when a young man and reared a family, repre- 
sentatives of which still live in Herkimer and 
neighboring counties of New York, while others 
may be found in different states of the Union, 
principally in the west, as the pioneer spirit has 
long been a marked characteristic of the family. 
A son of the second William, also William by 
name, was born in New York and there married 
Miss Abigail D. Eddy, whose antecedents were 
also among the early settlers of the Empire state. 
William and Abigail spent the greater part of 
their lives in the cit}' of Watertown, New York, 
where for over twenty years the former was en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits, and to them was 
born one son, the gentleman whose name fur- 
nishes the caption of this review. 

George C. Ostrander was born October 22, 
1858, in Waterto\yn, New York, and received his 
educational training in the public schools of that 
city. At an early age he entered his father's 
store where he received a practical commercial 
training and assisted in conducting the business, 
until about twenty years old, when he abandoned 
mercantile life for the purpose of learning 
telegraphy. After becoming proficient in that 



calling he engaged with the Rome, Water- 
town & Ogdensburg Railroad as operator 
and station agent, which position he held 
until 1882, when he resigned to become 
a salesman for the wholesale merchant tail- 
oring firm of Wiggins & Goodale at Water- 
town. After remaining with the above house 
for a period of four years, he resigned his place 
and in 1886 came to Codington county, South 
Dakota, bringing forty-four head of milch cows 
with the object in view of starting a dairy and 
engaging in the general stock business. In part- 
nership with his father, Mr. Ostrander purchased 
a fine tract of farm and grazing land, about four 
and a half miles east of Watertown, in Elmira 
township, where he now lives, and here success- 
fully carried out his intentions by starting a 
dairy which from the beginning more than met 
his most sanguine expectations. In connection 
with the dairy he also established a creamery, 
the first enterprise of the kind in the state, and 
this also proved a remunerative undertaking as 
it soon had an extensive patronage and filled a 
long-felt want in the community. After con- 
ducting these lines of business for a few years 
and realizing therefrom handsome profits, he 
discontinued dairying and turned his attention to 
raising grain. Convinced that larger returns 
could be realized from wool than from agricul- 
ture, Mr. Ostrander subsequently discontinued 
tilling the soil and engaged in the sheep business, 
which he now follows with success 'and financial 
profit, being at tliis time one of the largest and 
most successful sheep raisers in Codington 
county. He is now running about eight hundred 
grade Shropshires, which breed he finds best 
suited to the country and by far the most re- 
munerative, all things considered ; and in addi- 
tion to the four hundred acres comprising his 
own farm he controls about six hundred acres 
of fine grazing land in the vicinity in which he 
conducts his large and rapidly growing business. 
Mr. Ostrander inherits the energy and pro- 
gressive spirit for which his family has long been 
distinguished and his industry and enterprise 
have made him an influential factor in the busi- 
ness affairs and public concerns of his adopted 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



county. He worthily upholds an honored an- 
cestral name, is a man of wide intelligence, sound 
judgment and unimpeachable integrity and the 
high esteem in which he is held by his fellow 
citizens shows him the possessor of those sterling 
qualities of head and heart that beget confidence 
and retain warm and personal friendships. In 
politics he supports the Republican party and, 
while not a partisan, still less an office seeker, he 
was elected in 1902 a member of the board of 
county commissioners, which responsible posi- 
tion he worthily holds. 

The domestic life of Mr. Ostrander dates from 
1879, on October 22d of which year, in Water- 
town, New York, was solemnized his marriage 
with Miss Martha P. Heintzelman, who has 
borne him two children, Mabel and William D. 
Mr. Ostrander is a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen of Watertown. His 
father is a member of the home circle at this 
time, his mother having died three years ago. 



THORNTON N. BABCOCK, one of the 
prom.inent and successful farmers and stock 
growers of Codington county, was born on the 
parental homestead, Winona county, Minnesota, 
on the 29th of December, 1865, and is a son of 
George P. and Antoinette (Newcomb) Bab- 
cock, the former of whom was bom in the state 
of New York and the latter in Massachusetts, 
both families having long been identified with 
the annals of American history. George P. was 
a carpenter and cabinetmaker by trade, and fol- 
lowed the same as a vocation for many years, 
having come to Minnesota in the pioneer days 
and having there maintained his residence until 
1880, when he removed to South Dakota, taking 
up land in Codington county and there improv- 
ing a good fami. He died at Tracy, Minne- 
sota, on the 1st of March, 1892, while enroute 
home from Minneapolis, at the age of sixty- 
four years. In politics he was a stanch Repub- 
lican. His widow was a devoted member of the 
Presbyterian church, her death having occurred 
on the 9th of June, 1899, at the age of seventy 



years. They became the parents of four sons 
and four daughters, all of whom are living ex- 
cept the eldest, Ada, wife of J. J. Greer, who 
died at the age of forty years. The others are 
Libbie M., unmarried; Charley, a farmer of 
Brookings county ; Lillian, wife of A. M. Nash, 
of Tracy, Minnesota, a conductor on the North- 
western Railroad ; Willie C, of Seattle, Wash- 
ington, a conductor on the Northern Pacific 
Railroad; Hobart A., county clerk at Watertown; 
and Metta, wife of J. E. McKoane, of Minot, 
North Dakota, in the abstract and real-estate 
business, and Thornton. 

The subject of this sketch received his early 
educational training in the public schools of 
Lanesboro, Fillmore count\% [Minnesota, where 
he completed a course in the high school. In 
1880, at the age of fourteen years, he came to 
South Dal-iota, where he gave his attention to 
farm work and to teaching in the district schools 
until 1883. Thereafter he remained on his 
father's farm, taking charge of the same after 
the death of the latter and still residing on the 
homestead, which now comprises one hundred 
and sixty acres, and which is located in Fuller 
township, eight miles northwest of Watertown, 
two miles north of Lake Ivampeska. In addition 
to the homestead Mr. Babcock controls and 
utilizes about five hundi-ed acres, principally In- 
dian-reservation land, and in all he has about 
five hundred acres under effective cultivation 
and devoted to diversified agriculture, while he 
also gives special attention to the raising of live 
stock, in which line he has gained marked prec- 
edence and met with distinctive success. His 
cattle are of high grade, and he has some pure- 
bred shorthorn stock in the line, while he also 
breeds the best type of Percheron and road 
horses and Berkshire hogs. He is associated with 
others in the ownership of a fine thoroughbred 
Percheron stallion, of which he has the manage- 
ment. In politics Mr. Babcock gives an unfaltering 
allegiance to the Republican party, and he served 
for two terms as clerk of his township, while 
he has been a valued member of the school board 
for twelve years. Fie is a Methodist, while his 
wife belongs to the Baptist church. Fraternally 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1 1 15 



he is identified with the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. 

On the 3d of January, 1899, ^'I''- Babcock 
was united in marriage to Miss Carlotta A. 
Hewitt, a daughter of C. P. and Amiinta 
(Straub) Hewitt, of Watertown, her birth hav- 
ing occurred in Calamus, Clinton county, Iowa. 
Of this union have been born two children, 
Bruce A. and Doris. 



AUGUSTUS C. GIESE, farmer, stock 
raiser and representative citizen of Elmira town- 
ship, Codington county, is a native of Sauk 
county, Wisconsin, where his birth occurred on 
the 3d day of February, 1869. His parents, 
John M. and Albertina (Yerkley) Giese, natives 
of Germany, came to the United States a number 
of years ago and after residing for some time in 
Wisconsin caine, in the fall of 1879, to Coding- 
ton county, being among the early settlers of 
what is now the township of Rauville. They 
located on government land which they entered, 
improved a good farm and the elder Giese is 
now among the prosperous and well-to-do men 
of the community, now living in Watertown. 

Augustus C. Giese was a lad of ten years 
v\-hen his parents came to Dakota and from that 
age to the present has been a resident of Coding- 
ton county, growing with the country's growth, 
taking an active part in its development, and for 
some years he has been an influential factor in 
the agricultural and live-stock interests of Elmira 
township. He received his elementary educa- 
tion in his native state and for several years after 
coming to Dakota pursued his studies in the 
public schools, the meanwhile assisting his 
father in improving the latter's homestead and 
contributing his full share to the support of the 
family. Reared under wholesome discipline and 
healthful influence, he grew up strong in body 
and with an independence of mind which early 
led him to rely upon himself, and while still a 
mere lad he matured plans for his future course 
of action. After remaining under the parental 
roof until reaching the years of young manhood, 
he started out to make his own way in the world 



and being so fortunate as to liave his lot cast 
in a land of opportunities, it was not long until 
he secured a desirable tract of land. He finally 
decided upon the place in Elmira township on 
which he now lives, a beautiful tract containing 
a half section, which for stock-raising and gen- 
eral agricultural purposes will compare favor- 
ably with any like number of acres in the county. 
He has greatly improved his land and brought 
it to a high state of cultivation, and, in addition 
to tilling the soil, he now has a substantial start 
in live stock, owning a number of cattle, sheep 
and horses, with most favorable prospects of 
adding to his flocks and herds as well as of in- 
creasing his acreage in the no distant future. He 
has erected a large barn and has a desirable lo- 
cation for a comfortable residence. Mr. Giese 
is a young man of well-defined purposes, and his 
industry and energy have already won him a 
competence of sufficient magnitude to place him 
in comfortable circumstances. 

On September 13, 1894, Mr. Giese was 
united in marriage with Miss Emma Barha, 
whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. August Barha, 
were among the early settlers of Codington 
county. This marriage has resulted in the birth 
of six children, namely : Herman ; Henry died 
July 13, 1902, in his fourth year; Robert, Mabel 
and an infant that died unnamed. Mr. and Mrs. 
Giese are members of the Lutheran church, be- 
longing to the congregation worshiping at 
Watertown. 



LAURENCE J. O'TOOLE, one of the rep- 
resentative farmers and stock growers of Cod- 
ington county, is a native of the fair Emerald 
Isle, having been born on the i6th of June, i860, 
and being a son of John and Marv (Dowling) 
O'Toole, who were born and reared in Ireland. 
The father was there engaged in farming until 
his death. The subject and other members of 
the family came to America in 1871, at which 
time he was a lad of about eleven years, his early 
educational discipline having been secured in 
his native land. He was the voungest of the 
three sons and two daughters in the family, and 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of that number three are Hving at the present 
time. His brother Patrick had previously come 
to the United States, and was a member of 
Corrigan's Brigade, of New York, during the 
Civil war, in which he sacrificed his life, being 
killed in battle. Upon coming to the new world 
the subject and the other members of the family 
located in New York, where he was reared to 
manhood, in the meanwhile continuing his edu- 
cational work in the public schools, while in 
1877 he came west and took up his abode in 
the home of an aunt in Winona county, Min- 
nesota, where he also attended school, remain- 
ing with his aunt until 1880, when he came to 
South Dakota. 

Laurence was twenty years of age at the time 
of casting his lot with what is now the state of 
South Dakota. In 1881 he took up one hundred 
and sixty acres of govern!'>nent land in Codington 
county, the same constituting a portion of his 
present farm. He set himself vigorously to the 
work of improving his land and placing it under 
cultivation, and through energy and good man- 
agement he has attained a position of independ- 
ence, being one of the well-to-do farmers of this 
section, while he has ever maintained a strong 
hold on popular confidence and esteem in the 
community. He gives his earnest attention to 
diversified agriculture and to the raising of high- 
grade live stock. In politics his support is given 
to the Re]niblican party, and he has taken an 
active part in public affairs of a local nature, 
while he has been called upon to serve in various 
positions of trust and responsibility, including 
the office of township clerk and that of member 
of the board of supervisors, while for the past 
eighteen years he has been postmaster of Esterly. 
He is affiliated with the Modem Woodmen of 
America, and the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. He has improved his ranch with a 
commodious and comfortable residence and other 
excellent buildings, while the entire place gives 
unmistakable evidence of thrift and prosperity. 

On the i6th of February, 1885, Mr. O'Toole 
was united in marriage to Miss Delia S. Gram- 
niond, who was born and reared in Illinois, being 
a daughter of Oliver and Sarah ( Barslo) Gram- 



mond. both of whom were of French ancestry, 
but born in Canada. ]\Ir. and Mrs. O'Toole 
have eight children, namely : Marie Nellie, John 
L., Edward J., Laurence H., Earl L., Clarence 
C, Samuel C. and Delia M. 



JOSEPH P. LEONARD, one of the hon- 
ored residents of Lake township, Codington 
county, is a native of Niagara county, New 
York, where he was born on the loth of Janu- 
ary, 1858, being a son of Joseph L. and Sophia 
A. (Chidester) Leonard, the former of whom 
was born in the state of New York and the 
latter in Canada, she being of French descent. 
The father of the subject was engaged in farm- 
ing in New York until i860, when he came west 
to Minnesota, where he passed the remainder of 
his life, dying in St. Qiarles, that state, on the 
31st of March, 1895, at the age of seventy- four 
years, while his widow still maintains her home 
in that place. Of their seven children five are 
living, the other two having died in infancy. 

The subject of this sketch passed his boyhood 
days in Minnesota, having been a child of aboul 
two years at the time of his parents' removal to 
the west, and his educational advantages were 
those afforded in the excellent public schools of 
the town of St. Charles. In the meanwhile he 
assisted in the work of the home farm, leaving 
school at the age of twenty years, and he con- 
tinued to be thus identified with agricultural pur- 
suits in Minnesota until 1878, when, as a 
young man of twenty years, he came to the ter- 
ritory of Dakota, taking up government land in 
Codington county, where he now lives, and thus 
becoming one of the pioneers of this section of 
South Dakota. He entered claim to a home- 
stead of one hundred and sixty acres and also 
took up a tree claim of equal area, adjoining, 
while he is today the owner of a finely improved 
and well-cultivated ranch of four hundred acres. 
He raises the various cereals best adapted to the 
soil and climate, his entire tract of land being 
available for cultivation, and also gives no little 
attcntinn to the raising of cattle and swine of 
excellent grade. In politics he accords support 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



to the Democratic party, taking a public-spirited 
interest in local affairs, but never seeking official 
preferment. Fraternally he is identified with 
the lodges of the Modern Woodmen of America 
and the Ancient Order of Pyramids in Water- 
town. 

On the 4th of December, 1881, Mr. Leonard 
was united in marriage to Miss Sarah A. Wil- 
liams, who was bom and reared in Wisconsin, 
being a daughter of John and Lavina (Sheldon) 
Williams, who were born in New York, whence 
they removed to Wisconsin in an early day. Mr. 
and Mrs. Leonard became the parents of five 
children, four of whom are living, while they 
still remain at the parental home, namely : Lil- 
lian B., Herbert E., Gladys P. and Aubrey C. 
Charles P., the third in order of birth, died on 
the 25th of February, 1895, at the age of seven 
years. 



JOHN H. KING, one of the honored 
pioneers of Codington county, being now one 
of the prominent citizens of Watertown, was 
born in Troy, New York, on the 19th of Janu- 
ary, 1850, and is a son of Michael and Catherine 
(Holland) King, both of whom were born in 
Ireland. The father of the subject was a wheel- 
wright by trade, but was for many years en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits in the city of Troy, 
being one of the prominent and public-spirited 
citizens of the place and one who commanded 
unqualified esteem in the community. There 
both he and his wife continued to reside until 
their death. They became the parents of two 
sons and three daughters, and of the number 
one of the sons and one of the daughters arc 
now deceased. 

The subject was reared to maturity in his 
native place, and there received the advantages 
of the public schools and also of a preparatory 
collegiate institution, in which he continued his 
studies until he had attained the age of twenty 
years. As a young man he there engaged in the 
buying and shipping of country produce, in 
which line of enterprise he met with excellent 
success. In 1882 he came to South Dakota and 



took up government land in what is now Eden 
township, in the western part of Codington 
county, and there developed a valuable farm, 
continuing to devote his attention to agriculture 
and stock raising until 1893, having in the mean- 
while become the owner of a fine landed estate 
of nine hundred acres. In the year mentioned 
he sold four hundred acres and removed to 
Watertown, where he has since been prominently 
engaged in the real-estate busihess, owning a 
considerable amount of residence property, as 
well as farming lands in various parts of the 
county, while he also controls many properties 
which he handles for others. In September, 
1904, in company with B. H. Cartford, he pur- 
chased a general store at South Shore and to this 
has since devoted his attention, enjoying a lucra- 
tive and satisfactory trade. In politics he is a 
stanch advocate of the principles of the Demo- 
cratic party, and has long taken an active part 
in forwarding its cause in his county. He was 
justice of the peace in Eden township from its 
organization until he removed from it. In 1890 
he was elected to represent his county in the 
state legislature, in which he served one term, 
during the third session, while he has also held 
various school offices, doing all in his power to 
advance the interests of popular education. At 
the time of his locating in Eden township there 
were but four other families settled within its 
borders. He was among the number who as- 
sisted in adopting the name of the township, and 
had the privilege of bearing the result of the 
selection to the county seat. He assisted in the 
erection of the first schoolhouse in the township, 
and in all other matters proved himself progress- 
ive and public-spirited, while he has at all times 
commanded the unqualified esteem of the people 
of the county in which he has so long maintained 
his home. He and his wife are members of the 
Catholic church, and fraternally he is identified 
with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

On the 17th of March, 1877, Mr. King was 
married to Miss Anna Nisbet, of Lee, New 
York, where she was reared and educated, being 
a daughter of William and Catherine (Cox) 
Nisbet, both of whom were born in the state of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Massachusetts. Mr. and Mrs. King have six 
children, concerning whom we offer the follow- 
ing brief data in conclusion of this sketch : Lil- 
lian M. is the wife of Frederick H. Elfring, 
of Watertown, and the other children still re- 
main l)eneath the home roof, their names, in 
order of birth, being as follows : Nora, Kather- 
ine, C. Stanley, Frances C. and A. lona. 



TETER PHILP.— Prominent among the 
representative citizens and honored officials of 
Codington county is the well-known and widely 
respected gentleman whose name introduces this 
review. Peter Philp, farmer and for four terms 
county commissioner, is a native of Scotland 
and inherits in a marked degree the sterling 
qualities of head and heart for which his sturdy 
nationality has for centuries been distinguished. 
His father, James Philp, a teainster by occu- 
pation, met with an accidental death when the 
subject was but one and a half years old : his 
mother, whose maiden name was Catherine Wil- 
son, subsequently remarried and lived to a very 
old age, bearing her second husband one daugh- 
ter, Peter being the only issue of her first mar- 
riage. 

Peter Philp was born in Thronton, Fifeshire, 
Scotland, on August 27, 1838. After securing 
a good education in the schools of his native land 
he learned the trade of iron moulding and fol- 
lowed the same in various parts of Scotland until 
about 1875 or 1876, from which time until his 
removal to America, in 1880, he followed agri- 
cultural pursuits. June 19, 1866, he contracted 
a matrimonial alliance with Elizabeth Anderson, 
of Fifeshire, daughter of Robert and Margaret 
(Deas) Anderson, and in 1880, as stated above, 
he brought his family to America, making his 
way direct to Codington county, South Dakota, 
and entering several hundred acres of land in 
what is now the township of Waverly. Mr. 
Philp reached his new home in August of the 
above year and during the ensuing fall he put up 
a house and as best he could prepared for the 
winter that was soon to follow. The winter of 
1880-81 is remembered as the most severe ever 



known and the vicissitudes, hardships and suf- 
ferings of the settlers during that season of 
awful cold, piercing winds and frightful bliz- 
zards, cannot be described by either tongue or 
pen. Mr. Philp's stock of provisions was ex- 
hausted long before the terrible winter ended, 
and for weeks at a time the only food of the 
family consisted of wheat ground to the con- 
sistency of course flour in a coffee-mill. To 
keep from freezing after their fuel was gone, 
the}' had recourse to hay, and to make this last 
as long as possible, only small quantities were 
burned at a time, the members of the family 
huddling closely around the fire so as to utilize 
every particle of the precious heat. 

.\fter this trying experience, a more favor- 
able season dawned and from that time forward 
matters progressed favorably with the pioneer 
family. Mr. Philp improved his land, brought 
it to a high state of cultivation and in addition 
to agriculttire devoted considerable attention to 
live stock until in due time he became one of the 
leading stock raisers in the county, as well as 
one of its most prosperous men in other lines 
of activity. He has taken a lively interest in 
public affairs ever since coming to the state, and 
is now on his fourth term as county commis- 
sioner, having been first elected a member of the 
board in the year 1900. He has held the office 
of school treasurer for over twenty-two years, 
besides serving two terms as township clerk, 
having pointedly refused to be a candidate a 
third time for the latter position. Mr. Philp is 
a zealous Republican and since arriving in Cod- 
ington county, twenty-three years ago, his ability 
as an organizer and his success as a campaigner 
have made him one of the party leaders in this 
section of the state. His services on the central 
committee have been greatly appreciated and the 
success of the Republican ticket in a number 
of local elections has been largely due to his 
effective and thorough work. P>y close atten- 
tion to business and successful management, he 
has succeeded in accumulating a handsome com- 
petence and recently he disposed of the greater 
part of bis landed property and retired from 
active life. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Mr. Philp was made a Mason in Scotland in 
1864 and ever since his initiation into the order 
he has been one of its most earnest and zealous 
members. Tn his native land he subscribed to 
the Presbyterian creed and for a number of 
years was active in the church, having risen to 
the position of elder and superintendent of the 
Sunday school. Since coming to this country, 
however, he attended the Methodist church and 
is . now, with his wife, identified with the Con- 
gregational church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Philp are the parents of seven 
children, namely: Alison J., wife of Plenry 
Esington, of Summit, South Dakota: Margaret, 
now Mrs. Charles N. Slauson, Graceville, Min- 
nesota: Catherine, who married G. L. Hender- 
son, of Kansas City, Missouri; James and Rob- 
ert A., both married and living in Watertown : 
Agnes P.. wife of George Burt, editor of the 
South Shore Republican, and Peter, who is also 
the head of a family with his home in Water- 
town. 



WILLIAM H. JOHNSTON was born in 
Blue Earth county, Minnesota, November 7, 
i860, and is one of a family of six children, four 
sons and two daughters, whose parents were 
John and Elizabeth (Sharp) Johnston, both na- 
tives of Scotland. John Johnston, a blacksmith 
by trade, came to the LInited States in 1855 and 
the following year settled in Blue Earth county, 
Minnesota, where he worked at his chosen 
calling for a number of years, a part of 
the time being in the employ of the gov- 
ernment. Of his children all are living 
but the youngest. George, who was killed in a 
railroad wreck on the Northern Pacific Railroad 
while making his last run as express messenger, 
prior to entering upon his duties as auditor, to 
which position he had been promoted a short 
time before. 

William H. Johnston was reared in his native 
county and state, and after receiving a public 
school education prepared hiniself for active life 
by taking a commercial course in the Curtis 
Business College at Alinneapolis, from which in- 



stitution he was graduated with the class of 
1888. Shortly after receiving his diploma he 
came to South Dakota and located at the newly 
settled town of South Shore, Codington county, 
where he engaged in the hardware business, 
opening the first store in the place with that 
line of goods as a specialty. After building up 
a successful trade and continuing the same for 
a few months, he disposed of his stock and be- 
gan the manufacture of flour, the mill which he 
ran during the ensuing three years being also 
the first enterprise of the kind in the village of 
South Shore. Selling his mill at the expiration 
of the above time. Mr. Johnston turned his at- 
tention to real estate and he has since been deal- 
ing in the same, doing a large and lucrative 
business in Codington and adjacent counties, 
and he has also extended his operations in many 
other parts of the state, meeting with the most 
encouraging success in all of his transactions. 
In addition to his private concerns, Mr. Johnston 
has been an active participant in the public 
afifairs of his town and county, having served 
as school trustee of the former ever since its 
incorporation, and for the last fifteen years he 
has acted as justice of the peace. He is also 
chairman of the local school board and his ac- 
tivity in behalf of the cause of education has 
resulted in great and permanent benefit to the 
school system of South Shore. 

On .\pril 25, 1899, ^^^- Johnston was ap- 
pointed by President McKinley postmaster of 
South Shore, and since that time he has filled the 
office with credit to himself and to the satis- 
faction of the people, proving a most courteous 
and efficient public servant. In addition to his 
business afifairs and official duties he is now 
largely interested in live stock, owning a fine 
tract of land near South Shore, which is well 
stocked with a fine herd of graded shorthorn 
cattle. 

In politics Mr. Johnston is one of the leading 
Republicans of his part of the county, and it was 
in recognition of his valuable services to the 
party as well as on account of his peculiar 
fitness that he was honored with the various 
official positions referred to in preceding para- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



graphs. Fraternally he is identified with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen and Modern 
Woodmen of America, being foreman of the 
former society at the present time. He was 
married December 12, 1888, to Miss Mary 
Benedict, of Wisconsin, daughter of Thomas and 
Harriet Benedict, and has a family of four chil- 
dren. Dean, Lyle, Rex and Elsie. Mr. John- 
ston is prominent in the religious aflfairs of 
South Shore and, with his wife, belongs to the 
Congregational church. 



MARWOOD R. BASKERYILLE, who has 
been engaged in the agricultural implement busi- 
ness in Watertown for the past fifteen years, is 
known as one of the able and progressive busi- 
ness men of the state, having built up one of 
the most extensive retail enterprises in the line 
that is to be found in the commonwealth, while 
his intrinsic public spirit has been manifested at 
all seasons. He is at the present time incumbent 
of the ofSce of mayor of Watertown, and is one 
of its most influential and honored citizens. Mr. 
Baskerville is a native of the state of Iowa, hav- 
ing been born on a farm in Delaware county, on 
the i6th of July, 1859, an dbeing a son of Rev. 
Job and Grace (Caldwell) Baskerville, both of 
whom were born in England. The father of the 
subject was a clergyman of the United Brethren 
church, while after taking up his residence in 
Iowa, as a pioneer, he became there identified 
with agricultural pursuits in connection with his 
ministerial work. He died in Iowa in October. 
1892, aged eighty-four years. 

The present mayor of Watertown passed his 
boyhood days on the parental farmstead in Iowa, 
and after duly availing himself of the advantages 
of the common schools he continued his studies 
in Western College, an institution of the United 
Brethren church, then located at Western,, Iowa, 
but now in Toledo, that state. He later attended 
Epworth College, at Epworth, Iowa, for one year, 
after which he completed a course in the Baylies 
Business College, in Dubuque. Iowa. After leav- 
ing that institution he secured a position as book- 



keeper in the office of a manufacturing concern in 
Dubuque, retaining this incumbency three years 
and then becoming business manager for the Wi- 
nona Plow Company, at Winona, Minnesota. He 
resigned this position three years later, in 1888. 
and came to Watertown, South Dakota, where he 
established himself in the agricultural implement 
business, beginning operations upon a somewhat 
modest scale, while his business has kept pace 
with the growth and development of the state and 
is one of the most extensive of the sort in this 
section, an annual business of two hundred thou- 
sand dollars being done, of which about seventy- 
five thousand dollars is sold at a branch estab- 
lishment at Elkton, South Dakota. Mr. Basker- 
ville has been signally prospered in his efforts 
since coming to South Dakota and is known as a 
straightforward, sincere and upright business 
man, thus commanding the unequivocal confi- 
dence and esteem of those with whom he comes 
in contact in the various relations of life. He is 
now the owner of four entire sections of valuable 
farming land, in Codington county, and the 
major portion of the same is given over to the 
raising of the cereals best adapted to the soil and 
climate of this prolific agricultural section. He is 
president of the Watertown & Lake Kampeska 
Transportation Company, which is preparing to 
construct an electric railway between the city and 
the attractive lake mentioned, and is a promoter 
of a line to connect Watertown and Webster. In 
politics the subject is found stanchly arrayed 
in support of the Republican party, and in 1903 
he was elected to the office of mayor of Water- 
town, of which he is now incumbent, while his 
administration is admirably justifying the confi- 
dence and trust reposed in him by the municipal 
electors. That this confidence is of no uncertain 
order is manifest when we revert to the fact that 
he was elected by the largest majority of all can- 
didates for the office ever chosen in the city, re- 
ceiving a plurality of two hundred and ninety-six 
votes above his two opponents. Mr. Baskerville 
is identified with the Masonic fraternity, the 
Knights of P>'thias. the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, and the Benevolent and Protective Or- 
I der of Elks, having been the first exalted ruler 




MARWOOD R. BASKERVILLE. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of Watertown Lodge, No. 838, of the last men- 
tioned organization. 

On the 28th of November, 1894, Mr. Basker- 
ville was united in marriage to Miss Harriet L. 
Fahnestock, a daughter of Henry J. Fahnestock, 
one of the representative citizens of Watertown, 
and of this union have been born two children, 
Henry M. and Walter G. 

Mr. and Mrs. Baskerville are members of the 
Episcopalian church, and in all social matters 
Mrs. Baskerville is active and popular, her home 
entertainments being leading functions. 



GEORGE K. BURT, editor and proprietor 
of the South Shore Republican, was born Janu- 
ary 3, 1875, in Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 
being the son of John and Ellen (Kirk) Burt, 
both natives of Scotland. They were reared and 
married in their native land and resided there 
until 1873, when they emigrated to Bradford 
county, Pennsylvania, where for a number of 
years he followed his trade of shoemaker. In 
1876 they returned to Scotland, but in 1881 de- 
cided again to trj' the new world, and came 
direct to Codington county. Settling on a tract 
of government land near South Shore, he im- 
proved a farm and cultivated the same with en- 
couraging results until a few years ago, when 
he ceased active life, and removed to the town 
where he now is living in easy retirement. 

George K. Burt was so young when his par- 
ents returned to Scotland that he has no recol- 
lection of the place of his birth. His few years 
spent in the land of his forefathers served to fix 
permanently in his memorj- the romantic scenes 
of that country, but the greater part of his youth 
was spent on the homestead in Codington 
county, where he became accustomed to the 
varied duties of farm life. He attended the pub- 
lic .school of winter seasons and the training thus 
received was supplemented by attendance for a 
short time at the agricultural college at Brook- 
ings. 

He spent one year on the farm, and in 1898 
accepted a position in the office of the South Shore 
Republican, from which time until the present 



he has been actively engaged in journalism. Two 
weeks after entering the office he took charge of 
the paper and after becoming sole proprietor he 
introduced a number of improvements, gave 
new life and impetus to the enterprise, and its 
present high standing is due entirely to his 
energetic and successful management. The Re- 
j publican is a creditable paper, its columns con- 
taining all interesting and important local and 
general news and its editorials are able and fear- 
less in discussion of the leading questions of the 
day. Mr. Burt is an easy and graceful writer, 
a courteous but able antagonist and is incisive 
as well as fearless with his pen. He is an in- 
fluential factor in the public affairs of his town 
and county, manifests a lively interest in what- 
ever tends to the advancement of the com- 
munity, and his paper has become a powerful 
educational force in moulding sentiment and 
directing opinion. 

Mr. Burt was a leading spirit in the incor- 
poration of South Shore and has served two 
temis as town clerk. He is also interested in 
various local enterprises, one being the Creamery 
Association, of which he is vice-president. His 
fraternal relations are represented by the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, in which he is an 
active worker and in which he has been officially 
honored. 

Mr. Burt, on Thanksgiving day, 1901, was 
united in marriage -with Miss Agnes Philp, 
the youngest daughter of Peter Philp, the 
union being blessed with one child. Muriel. 



GEORGE T. MITCHELL, one of the suc- 
cessful and highly esteemed farmers of Grant 
county, has the distinction of being a scion of 
one of the representative pioneer families of 
Ionia county, Michigan, where he was bom on 
the 20th of May, 1855, being a son of Curtis B. 
and Martha (Troop) Mitchell, both of whom 
were born and reared in the state of New York. 
The father early removed to Michigan and de- 
veloped a good farm in Ionia county, and there 
continued to reside until his death, in Novem- 
ber, 1889, at which time he was sixty-eight years 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of age. His father, George Mitchell, a veteran 
of the war of 1812, settled in Michigan in 1839. 
The family was founded in New England in 
the earlv colonial epoch, being of Scotch-Irish 
extraction. 

George T. Mitchell was reared on the home- 
stead farm, while his educational advantages 
were those afforded by the public schools and a 
commercial college in Grand Rapids, Michigan. 
Thereafter he was for a number of years em- 
ployed as a commercial traveling salesman, in 
which connection he met with excellent success 
and gained a reputation for ability and energy. 
In 1882 he came to what is now South Dakota 
and took up his permanent abode in Melrose 
township, Grant county, having come here the 
preceding fall and purchased one hundred and 
sixty acres of land, upon which he located in 
June of the year mentioned, while later he added 
another tract of equal area, so that he now has 
a farm of two hundred and forts' acres, im- 
proved with good buildings, fences, etc., and 
devoted to diversified agriculture and to the 
raising of good live stock. He gives no little 
attention to dairying, and furnishes a very con- 
siderable supply of milk to the co-operative 
creamery at Milbank, having been one of those 
actively identified with the establishment of the 
enterprise, which met with some opposition or 
apathy on the start, much trouble having been 
experienced for a time in securing the co-opera- 
tion of manv of those who are now numbered 
among its principal supporters, though it now 
has about one hundred and twent\'-five patrons. 
He was elected president of the operating com- 
pany at the time of its organization, and has 
ever since continued in tenure of this office, 
while it is due in no small degree to his energy 
and progressive ideas that the institution has 
built up a fine business, having the best cream- 
ery plant in the state. About three and a half 
million pounds of milk are received each year 
in the plant, and the annual product aggregates 
about twenty-six thousand to twenty-eight thou- 
sand pounds of butter. Mr. Mitchell is also treas- 
urer of the farmers' grain elevator at Milbank 
having l)een one of the organizers of the company 



and having contributed materially to the success 
of the enterprise, whose financial prosperity has 
shown how great benefits may be gained by 
farmers through such co-operation. About two 
hundred thousand bushels of wheat and thirty 
thousand bushels of flax are handled annually. 
The company buys on a close margin and is thus 
enabled to declare very gratifying dividends to 
the stockholders. Mr. Alitchell was a member 
of the board of county commissioners from 1891 
for twelve years and was chairman of the same 
for nine years. The significance of this long 
tenure of the important office as a Democrat in 
a strong Republican county is prima facia, as 
it indicates in an unmistakable way the high 
degree of confidence and esteem in which he is 
held in the county and the objective appreciation 
of his loyalty and business and executive ability. 
At the time of this writing he is also supervisor 
of his township. He manifests at all times a 
lively interest in public affairs, particularly those 
of a local nature, and in politics is a stalwart ad- 
vocate of the principles of the Democratic party. 
Fraternally he is identified with Milbank Lodge, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, which he 
represented in the grand lodge of the state for 
three years, and with Milbank Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, in which he is serving his third 
vear as high priest, while he also holds mem- 
bership in the auxiliary chapter of the Order of 
the Eastern Star, and is affiliated with the Alod- 
em Woodmen of America and the .\ncient 
Order of United Workmen. 

At Ionia. Michigan, on the 17th of Novem- 
ber, 1880, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Mitchell to Miss Man,' Allen, who was born in 
Allegany county, New York, as were also her 
parents, Roy and Melissa (Lewis) Allen, repre- 
sentatives of old colonial stock and now residents 
of Milbank. Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell have four 
children, Maude E., Curtis P.., Clara M. and 
Leroy. 

Jl^NIUS W. SHANNON, born Will county, 
Illinois. 1835. Editor; established Huronite 
June 2, 1881, President board of regents. 1893. 
Died, 1899. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



[123 



COURTS AND BAR OF THE BLACK 
HILLS. 

FY GR.\NVILL,E G. BENNETT. 

[Tlie following iutcrestiug sketch was .scliertuled to 
appear amoug tlie iither contributed articles in Volume 
I. but was not received until iifter the completion of 
that volume.— Ed.] 

The treaty with the Sioux Indians, ceding the 
Black Hills, was made in the summer of 1876, 
and ratified by the senate on the 27th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1877. The territorial legislature which 
convened in January, 1 877, anticipated the ratifi- 
cation of that treaty, and, realizing the urgem 
need of civil administration in that new, busy 
and seething mining country, passed an act to take 
efifect immediately upon the ratification of the 
treaty, consolidating the first judicial district 
with the second, of which Chief Justice Peter C. 
Shannon was then the presiding judge, and con- 
stituting the Black Hills the first district, and 
transferring Judge Granville G. Bennett from 
the old to the new first district. Judge Bennett 
reached T)eadwood with his clerk. General A. R. 
Z. Dawson, on the 28th day of April, 1877, and 
immediately entered upon the task of organizing 
the courts. 

The Black Hills were then indeed "the forest 
primeval." The cruel axe of the woodman had 
just begun its work of slaughter and denuda- 
tion, which in twenty-seven years has left bare 
and forbidding large areas once beautiful with 
their heavy growth of majestic and stately pines. 
Game was abundant. Deer, antelope, bear, moun- 
tain lion, wild cat and elk made the Hills the 
hunter's paradise. There were no roads, except 
of nature's own contraction ; no bridges ; means 
of travel were primitive, either on foot, horse- 
tack or in a dead ox wagon. The population was 
at that time about twelve thousand. Of this num- 
ber, ten thousand were in Deadwood, Lead City, 
Central City and adjacent gtilches. In 1876 Cus- 
ter was the populous camp, containing, as was 
claimed, not less than six thousand people, but 
the discovery of placer gold on Deadwood creek, 
in the northern hills, had well-nigh depopulated 
it, and at the time of which we are writing it had 
very much the appearance of a "deserted village," 



but without a Goldsmith to link its name with the 
immortality of song. Perhaps the white monu- 
ments in the valley of the Little Big Horn will 
be more enduring as they tell a story more tragic 
and pathetic than any that might be woven in 
a poet's brain. Most of the early settlers were 
mere fortune hunters, with no thought of becom- 
ing permanent dwellers or establishing homes, 
so took but little interest in the organization of 
society, of churches or schools. The mining 
states and territories of the west had the much 
larger representation, and cjuite a majority of 
these belonged to the class of placer miners, who 
as a general thing are improvident and nomadic. 
The greater portion of the population had 
entered the Hills in 1876 under the ban of the 
United States government, against its protest, 
and in the face of its active opposition. Bfeing 
then Indian country, the territorial government 
was powerless to give them aid or extend to them 
the protection of the law and the courts. Feeling 
the necessity for some sort of judicial adminis- 
tration, to hold the unruly element in check, pun- 
ish petty crimes, and settle chattel property 
rights, these pioneers of 1876 organized in Cus- 
ter and Deadwood provisional courts, with 
judges and ministerial officers. Questions relat- 
ing to mining and the right of possession of min- 
ing ground were settled by miners' meetings, as 
provided by the rules and regulations adopted by 
the miners in the several mining districts. The 
decisions of these courts and miners' meet- 
ings were very generally respected as bind- 
ing and final. Minor ofifenses were readily 
disposed of, but when it came to capital 
or other felonious crimes these hardy fron- 
tiersmen preferred giving the culprit his 
libertv on condition that he would leave the 
camp, — as in the case of McCall, who murdered 
Wild Bill, — rather than assume the responsibility 
of inflicting the death penalty, and the execution 
of a pententiary sentence being impossible. There 
is no question but what these temporary govern- 
mental expedients were productive of good. 
They exercised a wholesome -restraint over the 
lawless element, engendered and kept alive re- 
spect for law and authority, prevented serious 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



personal encounters and bloodshed over property 
rights, and a resort to the questionable methods 
of vigilantes and the barbarities of lynch law. 

Such were the existing conditions when the 
jurisdiction of the territorial government was 
extended over the Black Hills country. The 
counties of Lawrence, Pennington and Custer 
were organized and the machinery of the law 
put into operation. 

There was some funny work done and at- 
tempted by the respective boards of county 
commissioners of these counties, in the tempor- 
ary location of the county seats. That of Custer 
was fixed at a little placer mining camp, called 
Hayward, which afterwards proved to be in Pen- 
nington county, and its subsequent removal 
to Custer City involved some citizens in rather 
unpleasant experiences in the courts. The com- 
luissioners of Pennington county laid out a town 
awav up in the hills on Spring creek, where 
there were a few miners' cabins, called it Sheri- 
dan, and made it the county seat. An effort was 
made to locate the county seat of Lawrence count}- 
at Crook City, a small hamlet seven miles north- 
east of Deadwood, but this failed and Deadwood 
was selected. 

Prior to statehood, the following judges oc- 
cupied the bench of the Black Hills district: 
Granville G. Bennett, GideonX. Moody, William 
E. Church and Charles M. Thomas. Upon the 
admission of the state, the seventh and eighth 
circuits wee created. T^c seventh embraced 
the counties of Pennington, Custer and Fall 
River, and some adjacent unorganized counties, 
Lawrence, Meade and Butte counties, with cer- 
tain adjoining unorganized territory, constitut- 
ed the eighth circuit. The seventh has had 
three judges, viz : John W. Nowland, William 
Gardner and Levi McGee. Judge Nowland died 
during his term of office. The eighth has had 
the following : Charles M. Thomas, Adoniram 
J. Plowman, Joseph B. Moore, Frank J. Washa- 
baugh and William G. Rice, the latter filling by 
appointment the unexpired term of Judge Wash- 
abaugh. Of the judges who have presided over 
the courts of the Black Hills, three are dead. 
Judges Thomas. Moody and Washabaugh. 



The first term of United States court was 
convened at Sheridan on the 4th Tuesday of 
May, 1877. There were no civil cases for trial, 
and no parties held to answer to the grand jury. 
So no juries were empaneled, no attorneys were 
present except Mr. Frank J. Washabaugh, who* 
had been appointed and qualified as district at- 
torney for Pennington county. There was no- 
building in which to hold court, and a miner's 
cabin, with dirt floor and a dirt roof, was used 
as a hall of justice, and during a heavy rain- 
storm the descending water and mud made things 
very uncomfortable. The session was of short 
duration and no business was transacted. 

The next term of court at Sheridan was held 
in September, same year. It was unique in many 
respects. The little cluster of miners' cabins was 
still all there was of the town, known as the 
county seat. The county commissioners had 
erected a one-story log house to serve as a court 
house. It, too, had a dirt floor and roof. Places 
were cut out for doorways and windows, but 
that was all ; no doors were hung and no sash 
or glass ; all was open. There was organized the 
first United States grand jury in the Hills. Many 
indictments were found and a number of con- 
victions followed, most of them for violations of 
the internal revenue laws. The United States 
government was represented by the late John R. 
Gamble. Quite a number of attorneys were pres- 
ent, but few of whom are still in this jurisdic- 
tion. The court, attorneys, jurors and witnesses 
had to make the trip either from Deadwood or 
Rapid City by private conveyances, taking with 
them bedding, provisions and camp equipage, 
and providing for themselves during the term. 
A number encamped across the road opposite 
the court house and fared sumptuously on bacon, 
slap-jacks and canned goods, and when court was 
not in session found amusement in shooting the 
judge's "bench" full of holes, though the open 
doorway. They were a jolly lot of fellows, and 
enjoyed their outing. This was the last term of 
court held at Sheridan, and the last of the town. 
The county seat was removed lo Rapid City, 
where it should have been located in the first 
place, and the old site of the prospective city of 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Sheridan passed to the ownership of a prosper- 
ous ranchman, and became one of the most pro- 
ductive farms on upper Spring creek. 

The first term of court held in Deadwood,.the 
fore part of May. 1877, was in many respects 
rather remarkable. There was no civil calendar, 
and criminal business occupied the time of the 
court. The grand jury returned fifteen indict- 
ments, and but one out of that number was ac- 
quitted, fourteen being sentenced to the peniten- 
tiary. The crimes for which these persons were 
indicted and punished ranged all the way frem 
manslaughter to assaults with deadly weapons. 

Shortly before the arrival of the judge in the 
Hills, two homicides had been committed, in a 
quarrel over the possession of certain town lots. 
Certain citizens, regarding the conditions as 
rather unbearable, organized a vigilance com- 
mittee and proposed to inaugurate extreme meas- 
ures. One of its members stated that the judge 
was on his way in and would open court very 
soon, and suggested that the committee wait and 
see if he should be able to enforce the law and 
punish crime. This was acceded to, and this 
committee ceased to exist after this first term of 
the court. It can be said to its credit, that during 
all the period of its wild and reckless history 
there never was a case of lynching in Deadwood. 
And since that first term of court life and prop- 
erty have been as safe in Lawrence county as in 
any county in the west. 

In this first effort to establish law and order 
in this new mining camp, the iudge was most 
efficiently assisted and supported by three excel- 
lent officers, Sheriflf Seth Bullock, District At- 
torney John H. Barnes, and Clerk A. R. Z. Daw- 
son. They were among the first settlers, knew 
the people well, were familiar with conditions and 
■were able to give valuable information and ad- 
vice. 

At this first term seventy or more attorneys 
were admitted to the practice of the law, repre- 
senting almost every western state and territory. 
Of all these, bu^ four remain in the Hills. Many 
liave crossed the mystic river, while the remain- 
ing survivors are scattered far and wide. The 
following year some able men were added, and 



the Lawrence county bar soon acquired the rep- 
utation of being the strongest in the then terri- 
tory, which it has in a measure maintained, al- 
though having lost by death and removal a num- 
ber of its recognized leaders and talented mem- 
bers. Opportunity is a great factor in the lives 
of most men, and this factor has been potent 
with the lawyers of the Black Hills. For many 
years the litigation, especially in Lawrence county, 
was extensive and very important. Property 
rights of great value being frequently involved, 
and the cases closely and hard fought, could not, 
than otherwise, develop a keen, logical and thor^ 
oughly equipped class of attorneys. 

The early strenuous legal contests in the Black 
Hills courts were cases involving rights to mining 
ground. These were frequently complicated by 
the carelessness with which mining claims had 
been located and sometimes by the utter disre- 
g-ard of the rights of others by subsequent loca- 
tors. There were other elements entering into 
these contests, which made the duties of the pre- 
siding judge difficult and perplexing. The mem- 
bers of the bar, as has been already stated, came 
from almost every mining state and territory 
of the west. Each brought with him his own 
ideas and interpretation of the practice and pro- 
cedure in the jurisdiction from which he had 
come, and insisted upon their adoption and ob- 
servance, regardless of the provisions of the code 
of civil procedure of this territory. In fact there 
was but one lawyer among the sixty or seventy 
who had a copy of the code. There were then 
(1877) no accessible text-books and scarcely no 
adjudicated cases on mines and mining law. One 
authority only could be produced attempting to 
construe the mining acts of congress, and that 
tvas the Golden Fleece case, decided by the su- 
preme court of Nevada a short time previous. 
Then there were a few attorneys, wholly devoid 
of any sense of moral or legal responsibility, who 
would resort to any methods, however question- 
able, for the accomplishment of their purposes. 
Under all these adverse conditions it is not at all 
strange that the pathway of the presiding judge 
was rather rough, at least not strewn with 
flowers. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Some of the earlier cases, while protracted and 
fought with stubborn ability, proved disastrous 
to all litigant parties concerned. The first case 
involving mining rights, being that of the Hidden 
Treasure Mining Company vs. The Aurora 
IMining Company, was instituted immediately 
upon the organization of the courts in Lawrence 
county. It was conducted on part of counsel for 
defendant with unpardonable bitterness and mal- 
ice, the effects of which were apparent for a long 
time. When the case was concluded it was found 
that the ground in dispute was worthless, and 
neither company survived the disastrous legal 
battle. Of the counsel engaged in this somewhat 
celebrated case, but one survives, Judge Kings- 
ley, who is now a resident of Denver, Colorado. 
Of a similar nature was the Sitting Bull case, 
but without any unpleasantness. It was long- 
drawn-out and very expensive, at the end both 
parties were bankrupt, and the ground in dispute 
has never since been worked and is regarded as 
of but little if any value. The attorneys for de- 
fendant in this case, to-wit : Messrs. McLaughlin, 
Steele, Moody and Skinner, are all dead, while 
the attorneys for plaintiff still survive, Messrs. 
Van Cise and Kingsley being in Denver and 
Messrs. John R. Wilson and Bennett still prac- 
ticing in Deadwood. The judge who presided at 
that trial, Hon. W. E. Church, is now residing 
in Chicago. 

A very important case more recently tried in 
the federal co^rt was that of the Buxston Mining 
Company vs. the Golden Reward Mining Com- 
pany, in which the plaintiff obtained a judgment 
of over sixty thousand dollars. The pllaintiff in 
this case was represented by Messrs. Martin & 
Mason, with whom was associated Granville G. 
Bennett, and the defendants by Messrs. W. R. 
Steele, G. C. Moody and W. L. McLaughlin. 
There never was a case more closely tried, every 
inch being tenaciously contested, and although 
the trial occupied about four weeks, it was con- 
ducted in the most amicable spirit, and without 
the least friction or unpleasantness, in this pre- 
senting a marked contrast to the methods and 
spirit employed and displayed by certain attor- 
ne\'s in the conduct of the first civil action tried 



and determined in the courts of the Black 
Hills. 

I have referred to these cases simply as sam- 
ples of the heavy and important litigation in 
which the Lawrence county bar has been engaged 
during more than a quarter of a century. 

It will be noticed how the Lawrence county 
bar has suffered from deaths and removals dur- 
ing its comparatively short existence. But no 
man was ever yet so great or important that he 
could not be spared from the world's activities, 
and these places made vacant are being rapidly 
filled by the oncoming aspirants for curialistic 
honors, who give good promise of maintaining 
the enviable reputation which this bar has en- 
joyed in the past. 

The Lawrence county bar has not been over- 
looked in the distribution of political honors. It 
has furnished a delegate in congress, Granville 
G. Bennett, a United States senator, Gideon C. 
Moody, a member of congress, Eben W. Martin, 
a member of the state's supreme court. Dighton 
Carson, besides many minor positions. 

The bars of the other Black Hills counties 
have many able lawyers, and have not been so- 
changeable in their membership. They have not 
had the important and extensive litigation that 
Lawrence has had, hence have not had the same 
opportunities and experiences as the attorneys 
in the northern Hills. 

The tempestuous days are past. Mining 
ground is being rapidly patented, which settles 
very generally mining titles, and does away with 
what has been the most important branch of the 
law in the Hills. 

Things are fast assuming the steady charac- 
ter of the older communities and litigation is be- 
coming commonplace. But those stirring times 
will long be remembered by those who were 
actors in their exciting and busy scenes. 



PIERCE CAHILL, representative of the 
district in the state senate and one of the suc- 
cessful farmers and stock growers of Grant 
county, was born in Beetown, Grant county,. 
Wisconsin, on the 9th of January, 1869, and is. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



a son of John and Margaret (Quirk) Cahill. the 
formtT of whom was born in Ireland and the 
latter in Wisconsin. The father was a child of 
four years when his parents removed to the 
United States, the family locating in the state of 
Wisconsin, where he was reared. He became 
identified with railroad contract work as a young- 
man and was thus engaged at the time of the 
outbreak of the war of the Rebelliorl, when he 
enlisted as a private in Company C, Second Wis- 
consin Volunteer Infantry, with which he was 
under McClellan in the famous old "Iron 
Brigade," participating in both battles of liull 
Run and receiving four gun-shot wounds in the 
second of those engagements, the injuries thus 
received resulting in his death, in 1901. His 
brother Pierce was likewise- a soldier and was 
captured and held prisoner in Andersonville for 
eighteen months. John and Margaret Cahill 
became the parents of three sons and one daugh- 
ter, and all arc now living in Grant county. 
South Dakota. 

Pierce Cahill secured his earlv educational 
discipline in the public schools of Fox Lake, 
Wisconsin, and assisted his father in his farm- 
ing operations until he had attained the age of 
twenty-six years. In 1889, at the age of twenty 
years, he caine to South Dakota and, in com- 
])any with his brother. Frank. ])urchased six 
hundred and forty acres of land, in Grant county, 
and here they now have one of the finely im- 
proved and valuable farms of this section of 
the state, while they have given particular atten- 
tion to the raising of the best grade of live 
stock. The subject has a fine residence in the 
village of Albee and is now engaged in stock- 
buying business here, still retaining his interest 
in the ranch property and stock-growing enter- 
prise, through the medium of which he has at- 
tained a high degree of prosperity and a reputa- 
tion as a progressive and sagacious man. He is 
identified with the Modern Woodmen of 
America, and his political faith is that of the 
Republican party, of whose principles he has 
been a stanch advocate, being a factor in public 
affairs and having held various township offices. 
In 1900 a just recognition of his eligibility and 



party fealty was given in his being selected to 
represent his district in the state senate. He 
made an excellent record iluring the session of 
the general assembly, being assigned to impor- 
tant committees and taking an active part in the 
work and councils of the senate, and the popu- 
lar appreciation of his efforts was shown by his 
re-election in November, 1902. He is held in 
high esteem and is deserving of unequivocal 
confidence. 



THOMAS FITCH, one of the esteemed 
citizens of Milbank, is a native of the old Buck- 
e>-e state, having been born in Trumbull county, 
Ohio, on the 7th of July, 1840, being a son of 
Andrew and Elizabeth ( Blackburn) Fitch, the 
former of whom was born in Connecticut and 
the latter in Ohio, the father being a scion of old 
colonial stock, while representatives of the name 
were valiant soldiers in the Continental army 
during the war of the Revolution. Andrew 
Fitch was a man of sterling character and com- 
manded unqualified confidence and esteem. He 
served as auditor of Trumbull county, Ohio, and 
about 1849 h^ removed with his family to Mc- 
Henry county, Illinois, where he remained until 
1856, when he took up his residence in Fillmore 
county, Minnesota, becoming a pioneer settler 
of that section, where he took up a homestead 
and improved a good farm. He died at Mil- 
bank at the age of seventy-four years, having 
passed the closing years of his life in Milbank, 
and his wife was summoned into eternal rest 
three years later, at the age of seventy-four years. 
They became the parents of ten children, of 
whom only two are now living, Thomas and 
Emmor A., who is a resident of Sioux Falls, 
South Dakota. 

Thomas Fitch was about sixteen years of age 
at the time of the removal to Fillmore county, 
Miniiesota, where he attended the common 
schools and an excellent academy at Qiatfield. 
He was for many years successfully engaged in 
teaching, while he has ever continued a close 
student and wide reader, being distinctively a 
man of broad information and liberal ideas. He 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



was teaching when the thundering of rebel guns 
against old Fort Sumter announced the initiation 
of the greatest civil war known in the annals of 
history. He responded to President Lincoln's 
first call for volunteers, and on the 26th of June, 
1861, was enlisted for three months as a member 
of Comi^any A, Second Minnesota Volunteer 
Infantry. His company was commanded by 
Captain Judson W. Bishop, who eventually rose 
to the rank of general and who is now a promi- 
nent resident of St. Paul. He continued in ac- 
tive service for three years and one month, being 
mustered out as corporal on the 21st of July, 
1864. He retired from service by reason of 
severe injuries received in the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, on the 20th of the preceding September. 
He was wounded in the right arm and the face, 
by the same ball, and in the ensuing surgical 
operation fifteen pieces of shattered bone were 
taken from his arm, in which the ball had re- 
mained for eighty-one days. His brothers, Wil- 
liam A. and James H., also served in the Union 
arm\-, the former having been a member of the 
Chicago Light Artillery and died in the service, 
after having been a prisoner in Libby prison for 
seven months. The latter was a member of 
Company E, Seventh Minnesota Volunteer In- 
fantry. 

After the war Mr. Fitch resumed teaching 
in the same school in which he had been retained 
at the time of his enlistment, and thereafter de- 
voted fourteen years to pedagogic work in Min- 
nesota, though he was also identified with agri- 
cultural pursuits and was incumbent of various 
local offices. In 1880 he took up a soldier's 
homestead in Kilborn township, Grant county, 
becoming-thus one of the early settlers. He im- 
proved his farm and placed it under cultivation, 
and still owns the property, as well as forty acres 
adjoining Milbank. In 1883 he took up his 
residence in Milbank, where he is now success- 
fully engaged in the wood and coal business, 
while he commands the unequivocal esteem of 
all who know him, being popular in business, 
social and public life. He has been called upon 
to serve in various offices of trust and responsi- 
bility, including those of justice of the peace. 



school trustee and member of the village coun- 
cil. He has a nice residence and the pleasant 
home is a center of gracious hospitality. Mr. 
Fitch is a member of the company operating and 
owning the co-operative creamery in Milbank, 
which represents one of the important industrial 
enterprises of the county. In politics he has ever 
accorded a stanch allegiance to the Republican 
party and has been an active worker in its cause, 
while for the past two years he has served as 
chairman of the Republican central committee of 
Grant county. In January, 1902, he received 
through the legislature the appointment as one 
of the five members of the board of control of 
the soldiers' home at Hot Springs. He has ever 
retained a deep interest in his old comrades in 
arms and is one of the valued members of Gen- 
eral A. A. Humphrey Post, No. 42, Grand 
Army of the Republic. In 1900 Mr. Fitch was 
elected one of the presidential electors on the 
Republican ticket, and had the distinction of re- 
ceiving the largest number of votes ever cast for 
a candidate in the state. 

At Preston, Minnesota, on the 7th of Decem- 
ber, 1865, ^Ir. Fitch was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah P. Shaw, who was born in New 
York, being a daughter of Ebenezer and Lydia 
P. Shaw, who were numbered among the early 
settlers in Minnesota. Mr. and Mrs. Fitch have 
one son, Frederick, who is now a resident of the 
city of Spokane, Washington, where he is a 
conductor on the Great Northern Railroad. He 
married Miss Mary Hause, and they have one 
child. Gene. 



HON. A. H. INGERSOLL, county judge 
of Roberts county, was born in Waupun. Wis- 
consin, October 12, 1837, and is the son of 
Artemedorous and Nancy (McNammard) In- 
gersoll, both parents natives of Pennsylvania, 
the father of English descent, the mother of 
Scotch-Irish. Artemedorus Ingersoll came from 
an old and respected New England family, was 
a man of intelligence and much more than or- 
dinary culture and for a number of years served 
as official surveyor of Dodge county, Wisconsin, 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



[129 



having been an educated and remarkably cap- j 
able civil engineer. He reared a family of nine 
children, six sons and three daughters, the old- 
est son, a captain in the late Civil war, dying in 1 
a rebel prison, and two otliers have died since 
that time. 

A. H. IngersoII was reared in his native state, 
received a high-school education at Waupun, 
Wisconsin, and studied law at Preston, Minne- 
sota, under the direction of Henry R. Wells, 
being admitted to the bar in 1878. In that year 
he came to South Dakota and, settling on a tree 
claim near Wilmot, began practicing in that town 
and upon the organization of Roberts county, in 
1882, he was chosen state's attorney, which posi- 
tion he held for a term of two years, retiring 
at the expiration of that time to his farm. But 
a brief interval elapsed until he was again elected 
to the office and after discharging the duties of 
the same in an able and satisfactory manner for 
a period of six years, he was elected to the county 
judgeship, which with the exception of four 
years spent in agricultural pursuits, he has since 
held. Judge IngersoII is an able lawyer, a ju- 
dicious and successful practitioner, and as a 
judge his course has been creditable to himself 
and an honor to the county, fully meeting the ex- 
pectations of his friends and the public and 
justifying the wisdom of his election. In the 
discharge of his official functions he is eminently 
fair and impartial, his rulings bear every evi- 
dence of a profound knowledge of the law, his 
decisions have been characterized by an intense 
desire to render justice in all matters submitted 
for his consideration, and thus far there has been 
little in his career to criticise and much to com- 
mend. He is not only one of the representative 
Republicans of Roberts county, but enjoys much 
more than local prestige as a judicious organizer 
and successful leader. 

Judge IngersoII is vice-president of the 
Citizens' Bank at this place, and a stockholder in 
the same, and is also identified with the Bank of 
Wilmot, besides having various other interests 
which tend to the development of the country and 
the promotion of its prosperity. Fraternally he 
belongs to the Ancient Order of United Work- 



men and the Knights of Pythias, in both of which 
brotherhoods he is an active worker, and at dif- 
ferent times he has been honored with important 
official positions in the same. 

The Judge was married on April 15, 1881, 
to Miss Ida F. Maydole, a native of Iowa and 
the daughter of Henry M. and Eliza (Wilson) 
Maydole, the father of German descent, the 
mother's lineage being traceable to an old New 
England family that figured in the early history 
of Vermont. 



ELIAS MONSON, ex-register of deeds 
of Roberts count}- and now president of and ab- 
stracter for the Roberts County Aljstract and 
Title Company, is a native of Dodge county, 
Minnesota, and the son of Ole and Bertha 
(Kuntson) Monson, both parents born and 
reared in Norway. Ole Monson and wife came 
to the United States a number of years ago and 
were among the earliest settlers of Dodge county, 
Minnesota, locating there when the county was 
on the very outskirts of civilization. After a 
long residence in that state, they removed to 
near Grand Forks, North Dakota, where the 
father's death occurred in 1900, and the mother's 
two years previously. Ole Monson, a farmer 
by occupation, was a man of intelligence and 
sound judgment and was a most excellent and 
praiseworthy citizen. He was always deeply in- 
terested in the public afifairs of the coinmunities in 
which he lived, took an active part in politics 
and for years was one of the Republican leaders 
of Dodge county, Minnesota. Although of for- 
eign birth and ever retaining a warm feeling 
for his native country, he became devotedly at- 
tached to the country of his adoption and was 
an ardent admirer and loyal upholder of the free 
institutions under which so many years of his 
life were spent and so much of his success 
achieved. 

Elias Monson was born on July 4, 1864, spent 
his childhood and youth in his native county and 
state and after acquiring an elementary edu- 
cation in the public schools completed an 
academic and business course in an academy at 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Portland, North Dakota. On quitting the 
academy he went to North Dakota in 1888 with 
the family, and after farming two years in Grand 
Forks county, changed his residence to the 
county of Roberts, where, in 1892, he took up a 
fine claim, which he at once proceeded to im- 
prove. He continued to reside on his place and 
promote its development until the fall of 1898, 
when he was elected, on the Republican ticket, 
register of deeds for Roberts county, the duties 
of which office he discharged for two terms hav- 
ing been chosen his own successor in the year 
1900. As a public official Mr. Monson demon- 
strated fine business capacity and became quite 
popular with the people. At the expiration of 
his second term he was prevailed upon by his 
successor to continue in charge of the office as 
deputy, being familiar with its varied duties and 
far better qualified to discharge the same than 
any other individual. 

Mr. Monson is now identified with the Rob- 
erts County Abstract & Title Company, of which 
he is president, and also owns an interest in a 
hotel at White Rock. He gives his influence and 
encouragement to all enterprises having for 
their object the material advancement of the 
community, being alsa a friend of education, re- 
ligion and other civilizing agencies without 
which no commonwealth can truly prosper. He 
belongs to the Improved Order of Red Men and 
Court of Honor at Sisseton, is a zealous worker 
in both organizations and at various times has 
been honored with responsible official positions 
by his fellow members. 

Mr. Monson's domestic history dates from 
1895, on December loth of which year was 
solemnized his marriage with Miss Carrie Stad- 
stad, of Douglas county, Minnesota, a most ex- 
cellent and amiable lady who has presented him 
with two children, Beatrice and Arthur A. 



CHARLES L. FOLKSTAD, a prominent 
merchant of Sisseton and proprietor of one of 
the largest and finest general stores in the easteru 
part of South Dakota, is a native of Minnesota 
and the son of Levi Folkstad, who came to the 



United States from Norway sometime in the 
'forties. Charles L. Folkstad was born on June 
I, 1863, spent his early life in Dodge county, 
Minnesota, and enjoyed the advantages of a 
common-school education. When a young man 
he turned his attention to well digging, which 
arduous business he followed for three years in 
his native state and in 1891 came to South Da- 
kota and, entering a tract of land in the southern 
part of Roberts county, lived on the same until 
receiving a patent from the government, when 
he returned to Minnesota. During the ensuing 
three years Mr. Folkstad clerked in a mercantile 
house, but at the expiration of that time re- 
signed his position and in 1895 again came to 
Dakota and opened a gents' furnishing store in 
Sisseton. His business career since the above 
date presents a series of successes perhaps 
without parallel in this state, as his progress 
from a comparatively modest beginning to his 
present commanding position among the lead- 
ing merchants of Dakota has been little less than 
phenomenal. Starting with a small stock of 
goods, in an indifferent building, fourteen by 
twenty feet in size, he soon secured a lucrative 
patronage and as the business continued to grow 
in magnitude more commodious quarters became 
necessary. In 1897 he took in a partner, but in 
January following purchased the latter's interest 
and has since been sole proprietor, the business 
meanwhile increasing to such an extent as to 
make his store the leading establishment of the 
kind in the city. Mr. Folkstad, in 1900, erected 
the fine brick building which he now occupies, 
the structure being twenty-four by one hundred 
and twenty feet in size, handsomely finished with 
pressed brick front and large plate glass win- 
dows, the interior a model of beauty and con- 
venience and perfectly adapted to the purposes 
for which intended. This store is packed to re- 
pletion with full lines of clothing, gents' fur- 
nishings, and a first-class tailoring department. 
Mr. Folkstad has a well-established reputation 
for selling goods at low prices and for square 
and honorable dealing with his patrons. Mr. 
Folkstad has been remarkably fortunate in all 
of his business affairs and now possesses a for- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1131 



tune of considerable magnitude, owning in ad- 
dition to his large mercantile house and other 
city property, an extensive tract of fine farm 
land, besides considerable stock in a number of 
local enterprises. He is a man of sterling worth, 
enjoys the confidence of the public and is held in 
high esteem by his fellow men of Sisseton and 
Roberts county. He holds membership with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
Knights of Pythias, and in politics supports the 
Republican party. 

Mr. Folkstad's wife, formerly Miss Anna 
Pederson, was born in Dodge county, Minnesota, 
but since five years of age has lived in South 
Dakota, where her marriage was solemnized on 
September 26, 1893. The following are the 
names of their children : Lloyd, Gordon, Alton, 
Anna Bernice and Charles Walter, a twin of the 
first born dying in infancy. 



ANDREW MARVICK, treasurer and man- 
ager of the Iowa and Dakota Land Company, 
and stockholder in the Citizens' National Bank, 
Sisseton, is a native of Grundy county, Illinois, 
where his birth occurred on June 28, 1871. His 
parents, Seivert and Laura (Naadland) Marvick, 
were born in Norway and in 1854 came to the 
United States, settling in Illinois, where the 
father purchased land and became a successful 
tiller of the soil. Andrew grew up in close 
touch with the rugged duties of farm life, and 
after receiving an elementary education in the 
public schools of his native county entered the 
normal school at Morris, Illinois, where he pur- 
sued for some time the higher branches of 
learning. His education finished, he engaged in 
farming in Illinois and continued the same for 
some years, later embarking in the real-estate 
business in Minnesota and South Dakota. In 
the spring of 1902 he opened a real-estate office 
in Sisseton and after conducting the same with 
marked success until the following fall, when 
he helped to organize the Citizens' National 
Bank, of which his brother, Joseph Marvick, is 
president. 



Mr. Marvick is an accomplished business 
man and although but recently identified with 
banking, he has demonstrated abilities and re- 
sourcefulness as a financier such as few attain 
after a much longer and more varied experience. 
Under his able management the Citizens' Na- 
tional Bank has become not only one of the lead- 
ing institutions of the kind in Roberts county, 
but in the northeastern part of the state, and, 
being backed by safe and conservative men, it 
bids fair to achieve ere long an honorable repu- 
tation among the popular and successful banks 
of the great northwest. In addition to his con- 
nection with the banking interests of Sisseton, 
Mr. Marvick is identified with various other 
business enterprises that have had a decided in- 
fluence upon development of the country, notably 
among which being the Iowa and Dakota Land 
Company, which he is now serving in the two- 
fold capacity of manager and treasurer. 

Mr. Marvick ranks with the intelligent and 
level-headed men of the city of his residence and 
in every relation of life has made a reputation 
for probity and correct conduct that has become 
proverbial. His impulses, always earnest and 
generous, are invariably in the right direction, 
and the encouraging success with which 
his business career has been crowned is mainly 
due to his industry, fidelity and the spirit of 
courtesy characteristic of the well-bred, broad- 
minded gentleman. 

Mr. Marvick was married on February 20, 
1895, to Miss Linnie Bjelland, a native of Illi- 
nois, but of Norwegian parentage, the union re- • 
suiting in the birth of three children, Lydia, 
Raymond O. and Amos S. Mr. and Mrs. Mar- 
vick have one of the most beautiful modem 
residences in Sisseton, and their pleasant home 
is noted for the hospitality and spirit of good 
fellowship that welcome all who enter its pre- 
cincts. In private life the subject is quiet and 
unobtrusive, but warm-hearted and afifable in 
his relations with his fellow men. He numbers 
his friends by the score, stands high in public 
esteem and the prominent position which he has 
already reached in business and social circles is 
indicative of the still greater and more influential 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



career that awaits him in tlie future. Relig- 
iously Mr. Marvick and wife are Lutherans, 
being among the leading members of the church 
of that denomination in Sisseton. 



FRITHIOP X. H. GYLLENHAMMAR, 
M. D., of Gayville, Yankton county, was born in 
Sweden, on the 8th of February, 1857, being a 
son of Lars G. and Catherine M. (Samuelson) 
Gyllenhammar. From 1632 to the present time 
the subject's ancestors and himself have been 
noblemen in their native land, the Doctor's name, 
with the other members of the family, being 
registered in the noblemen's calendar at Stock- 
holm, Sweden. JMrs. Anna Carlson, the Doctor's 
sister, who is his housekeeper, was widowed in 
Sweden, her husband having been a civil en- 
gineer. The Doctor was reared in his native 
land and his more purely literarj' education was 
secured in Linkoping College, where he con- 
tinued his studies until he had completed the 
prescribed course of the college. About the 
year 1882 he took up the study of medicine and 
surgery, under most effective preceptorship, and 
in 1884 he emigrated from the far northland to 
the United States, locating in the city of Duluth, 
Minnesota, where he continued his technical 
studies under the direction of Dr. W. H. Mc- 
Gee, and while a resident of that city he also 
familiarized himself with the English language, 
so that he became well qualified for taking up his 
active labors in the country of his adoption. Li 
the autumn of 1887 the Doctor was matriculated 
in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 
the city of St. Louis, Missouri, where he com- 
pleted the prescribed course, being graduated as 
a member of the class of 1891, and receiving his 
degree of Doctor of Medicine on the loth of 
March of that year. He passed the ensuing 
summer in that city and in the autumn removed 
to Sioux City, Iowa, where he built up a suc- 
cessful practice, continuing to there follow his 
profession until the autumn of 1894, when he 
came to South Dakota and located in the city of 
Yankton, where he was engaged in practice for 
the ensuing three years, at the expiration of 



which he came to Gayville, which has ever since 
been the field of his earnest and successful en- 
deavors in the work of his noble profession, in 
which he has gained marked prestige and the 
concomitant confidence and esteem of the com- 
munity. 

Since coming to South Dakota Dr. Gyllen- 
hammar has served about five years as a mem- 
ber of the board of pension examiners for Yank- 
ton county, and he is held in high regard by his 
professional confreres in the state, while his 
ability and pleasing personality have brought to 
him a representative support in his chosen field 
of labor. In politics he accords a stanch support 
to the Republican party and his religious faith is 
that of the Lutheran church. He is a member 
of the South Dakota State Medical Society, the 
Sioux Valley Medical Association and the 
American Medical Association, while fraternally 
he is identified with the Knights of tlie Mac- 
cabees and the Mutual Benefit Association. He 
is also president of the Yankton District Medical 
Association. The Doctor is the owner of a 
pleasant and well-appointed home in Gayville, in 
which he has a large library of well-selected 
books, both professional and scientific. The Doc- 
tor is not married, and his sister presides over 
the domestic affairs of his pleasant home, while 
in the family circle are two adopted children. 
George and Hilda Heloise. 



J. A. RICKERT, a financier of more than 
'local reputation, 'is a native of Trumbull county, 
Ohio, and the oldest in a family of twelve chil- 
dren, whose father and mother were of Gemian 
and Irish descent respectively. Mr. Rickert was 
born September 21, 1852, and four years later, 
with his parents, emigrated to Olmsted county, 
Minnesota, where he grew to manhood on a 
farm, meanwhile receiving his preliminary edu- 
cation in the district schools of that county. In 
1871 he entered St. Vincent's College, WHieeling, 
West Virginia, where he pursued his studies for 
two years, meanwhile attending night school at 
the Bryant & Stratton Business College, of that 
city, completing the full commercial course at 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTx'\. 



that institution. For the six years following 
Mr. Rickert was engaged as clerk, timekeeper 
and bookkeeper, in Wheeling, West Virginia, 
and in towns in Minnesota. In 1879 he came to 
South Dakota and took up a homestead in Grant 
county, near Milbank. In 1881 he disposed of 
his claim and with the proceeds engaged in the 
general merchandise business two years later at 
Corona, this state, where he carried on a ver\^ 
successful business during the ensuing sixteen 
years, all of which time he served as postmaster 
of the town, besides holding various township 
and municipal offices. 

In 1896 Ivlr. Rickert was elected treasurer 
of Roberts county, and upon taking charge of 
the office moved to Wilmot, where he resided 
until the seat of justice was changed to Sisseton, 
when he took up his abode at the latter place and 
has since made it his home. He was re-elected 
in 1S98 and served both terms in an able and 
satisfactory manner, proving a painstaking, 
obliging and popular public servant. During 
his last term he built an elevator at Sisseton and 
engaged in the grain business, and about the 
same time associated himself with H. S. Morris 
and Howard Babcock and organized the First 
National Bank of Sisseton, becoming president 
of the institution, which position he still holds. 
Still later he became one of the organizers, stock- 
holders and officers of three new banks, known 
as the Citizens' State Bank of White Rock, the 
First State Bank of Summit, and the Roberts 
County State Bank, of Corona, and is a stock- 
holder in the Sisseton Loan and Title Company 
and the Roberts County Land and Loan Com- 
]3any. 

.Air. Rickert ovvus a fine business property at 
Corona and a nice residence in Sisseton. He 
has charge and the management of the extensive 
farm properties of the Sisseton Loan and Title 
Company, of which the}' own about thirty farms 
in Roberts and neighboring counties. 

Mr. Rickert was married in December, 1882, 
the union being blessed with one child, a son, 
Paul M., who is now pursuing his studies in 
Pillsbury Academy at Owatonna, Minnesota. 

Mr. Rickert is a Mason and a member of the 



.\ncient Order of United Workmen. In politics 
lie has always been an enthusiastic Republican. 
The distinction which he has achieved in 
financial and business circles has given him con- 
siderable reputation, and as a public-spirited 
citizen he is deeply interested in all that tends 
to the material development and general pros- 
perity of his city, county and state. 



RT. RE\-. THOMAS O'GORMAN.— To 
him whose name initiates this review has come 
the attainment of a distinguished position in 
connection with the work of the holy Catholic 
church. A man of distinctive and forceful in- 
dividuality and high attainments, he has con- 
secrated his life to the service of the Divine 
Master and is at the present time ministering 
faithfully and zealously as bishop of the Catholic 
church for the diocese of South Dakota, of 
which Sioux Falls is the see city and conse- 
quently his place of residence. 

Bishop O'Gorman is a native of the city of 
Boston, Massachusetts, where he was born on 
the 1st of Jilay, 1843, being a son of John and 
Margaret O'Gorman, who removed to the west 
when he was a child, his boyhood days being 
passed in Chicago and St. Paul, where he se- 
cured his early educational training in public 
and parochial schools. At the age of ten and 
one-half years, in company with the dis- 
tinguished Archbishop Ireland, who was then 
sixteen years of age, he was sent to France, 
where he continued his literary studies and was 
also educated for the priesthood. Upon his re- 
turn to St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1865, he was or- 
dained to the priesthood, receiving holy orders 
on the 5th of November of that year. There- 
after he had charge of a missionary district in 
southern Minnesota until 1878, the center of said 
di.strict being the town of Rochester. In the 
year last mentioned he joined with the Paulist 
fathers in their missionary work, and during a 
portion of two years was an assistant in the church 
of St. Paul in New York city. In 1885 Bishop 
O'Gorman was made president of the seminary 
of St. Thomas, in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 



II34 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



which institution he also occupied the chair of 
philosophy and dogmatic theology. In 1890 he 
was appointed professor of ecclesiastical history 
in the Roman Catholic University at Washing- 
ton, D. C, where he remained until 1896, in 
which year he was consecrated a bishop and as- 
signed to the diocese of South Dakota, being the 
second incumbent of this distinguished and ex- 
acting office. 

At the time of his residence in the national 
capital the Bishop was selected to write a his- 
tory of the Roman Catholic church in the United 
States, and this important work he successfully 
accomplished, Volume IX of the series of de- 
nominational church histories, published under 
the auspices of the American Society of Church 
History, having been written by him. Of his 
work in this connection it has been pertinently 
said : "This volume evidences the fact that no 
mistake was made in his being selected for the 
work. It covers a wider field than any other 
volume of the series, commencing with the first 
landing of Columbus on this continent and, ad- 
vancing step by step, gives a complete account 
of the development and growth of the church 
to the present time. It is a great work, written 
in a most attractive ■ and scholarly style, and 
places the Bishop in the front rank of historical 
writers." 

Concerning the work of the Bishop in his 
present wide field of endeavor we can not do 
better than to quote at length from an appre- 
ciative article previously publisheci : "On the 
2(1 of May, 1896, Bishop O'Gorman arrived in 
Sioux Falls, accompanied by Archbishop Ireland, 
of St. Paul, and other high dignitaries of the 
church, and the reception, the ceremonies of the 
installation the day following, in St. Michael's 
church, and the banquet tendered him, will al- 
ways be remembered by participants as among 
the grandest events in the history of the city. It 
is not too much to say that a more cordial and 
elaborate welcome was never given to anyone in 
Sioux Falls; and one of the most pleasing fea- 
tures attending the coming of this eminent prel- 
ate to our midst was the hearty co-operation 
of the clergy of other denominations in making 



the event a notable one. Since coming to South 
Dakota he has labored with great zeal and 
ability in advancing the welfare of his church, 
and under his administration some of the finest 
and most costly church buildings in the state 
have been erected. The Bishop is greatly be- 
loved by his people, and throughout the state, 
regardless of denominational preferences, he is 
highly esteemed, while the city of Sioux Falls 
is especially proud of her distinguished citizen." 
Both by inherent qualities and training the 
Bishop is eminently fitted for leadership in both 
the spiritual and temporal affairs of his exalted 
calling, and his labors are fruitful in a cumu- 
lative way and will constitute for all time an 
integral part of the history not of only the 
church but also of the commonwealth in which 
he is serving so faithfully and zealously. In 
igo2 Bishop O'Gorman went to the city of 
Rome as a member of the Taft commission, to 
which was assigned the work of negotiating with 
the church authorities upon the important busi- 
ness and civic questions connected with the 
church in the Philippine islands, and in connec- 
tion with this work he was absent from his dio- 
cese for four months. 



CLEMEXT F. PORTER, president of the 
Farmers' State Bank of Wilmot, is a native of 
Addison county, Vermont, born in the city of 
New Haven, on the 24th day of October, 1861. 
His parents were Qement and Elizabeth 
fComo) Porter, both natives of the province 
of Quebec, Canada, and he is one of nine chil- 
dren, seven sons and two daughters, being the 
fifth of the family. His early life was beset with 
many discouraging vicissitudes and not a few 
hardships, and at the tender age of seven years 
he was thrown upon his own resources, from 
which time to^the present day he has been 
obliged to make his own way in the world. 
When about eleven years old he went to West 
Boylston, Massachusetts, where he learned the 
shoemaker's trade, and after working at the same 
in that city until 1878 went to St. Paul, Min- 
nesota, where during the ensuing four years he 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



"35 



was employed in the shoe factory of Forepaugh 
& Tarbox. 

Severing his connection with that firm at 
the expiration of that time noted, Mr. Porter 
came to Roberts county, South Dakota, and in 
1882 engaged in general merchandising at Wil- 
mot, in company with Edmund Cook, where he 
did a fairly successful business for a short time, 
finally disposing of his establishment to take 
a business course in a commercial college in St. 
Paul, Minnesota. Finishing the course, he re- 
turned to Wilmot and opened a hardware store, 
which he conducted with profitable results until 
1888, when he engaged in the liven,' business, 
later turning his attention to real estate, bank- 
ing and to dealing in agricultural implements. 
Mr. Porter took a leading part in establishing 
the Farmers' State Bank of Wilmot, and was 
made president of the same immediately after its 
organization, being also a director of the Citizens' 
National Bank at Sisseton and of the Iowa 
and Dakota Land and Loan Company, also of 
Sisseton. A few years ago he sold his implement 
business, and has since devoted his attention to 
his financial interests and to agriculture, being 
quite extensively engaged in the latter, owning 
a finely improved and valuable farm in Roberts 
county, which is cultivated under his personal 
management. 

Mr. Porter has been an active participant in 
public affairs ever since coming to South Da- 
kota, and in 1902 was elected to the upper house 
of the general assembly as representative from 
the thirty-fourth senatorial district. A Repub- 
lican of the most orthodox style, he has been a 
zealous worker in the party, a leader in its 
councils in Roberts county, and it was in recog- 
nition of his valuable services that the above 
official honor was conferred upon , him. Mr. 
Porter has served on the Republican central 
committee of Roberts county, in which capacities 
he was largely instrumental in formulating the 
policy of the party and in leading it to victory in 
local campaigns. Mr. Porter is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is also 
identified with the ^Modern Woodmen of 
America and the Knights of Pythias fraternities. 



having represented both the last named organi- 
zations in the grand lodge. 

Mr. Porter is a married man and owns one 
of the beautiful and refined homes of Wilmot, 
the presiding genius of which is a lady of in- 
telligence and culture, who formerly bore the 
name of Nathalie DeNomme, but who changed 
it to the one she now so worthily bears on Feb- 
ruary 14, 1886. Mrs. Porter is a native of 
Massachusetts and of French descent, and has 
borne her husband children as follows : Flora 
M., George W., Clement F., Qiarles S., Thur- 
man, Harry and Irene, all living but Harry, who 
died January 12, igo2, aged two years and 
eleven months. 



RE\'. AVILLIAM F. OUILTY, who since 
the year 1900 has been the efificient pastor of St. 
Peter's Catholic church of Sisseton, was born 
in Madison, Wisconsin, on the 12th of Novem- 
ber. 1872. He received his preliminary edu- 
cational training in Dubuque, Iowa, later be- 
came a student of St. Joseph's College, and after 
finishing the prescribed course of that institu- 
tion was prepared for holy orders in St. Mary's 
Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio, where he completed 
his theological studies in 1898. Father Quilty 
entered upon the duties of his holy office in Wis- 
consin, but after a short pastorate there was ap- 
pointed, in 1900, to St. Peter's church of Sisse- 
ton. where he has since reinained and which 
under his able management and aggressive work 
has grown into one of the strongest and most in- 
fluential Catholic congregations in the north- 
eastern part of the state. Since taking charge of 
the work at tliis point the church has prospered 
along all lines of activity and he has won golden 
opinions and high respect from all classes of 
society, irrespective of creed or nationality. His 
labors for the good of his people have been 
constant and unwearied, and his unswerving 
fidelity to the interests of his parish has met with 
an approbation of his superiors that will be 
more n.ianifest as the years roll by. 

In addition to the church at Sisseton, Father 
Quilty has charge of the mission points at Wil- 



1 136 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



mot and Effington, both of which have pro- 
gressed greatly under his pastorate, and it is not 
too much to predict that ere long these con- 
gregations will be self-supporting. Father 
Quilty is a gentleman of scholarly tastes and, as 
already stated, his earnest and consecrated efforts 
have endeared him not only to the people to 
whom he ministers, but to the public at large. 
His labors for the spiritual and temporal wel- 
fare of his flock have been zealous and unceas- 
ing and, being an orator by nature and thor- 
oughly trained by education in pulpit eloquence, 
his success in performing the duties of his pas- 
torate and winning the love and admiration of 
his parishioners has been little less than phenome- 
nal. Conscious of the dignity of his mission and 
losing sight of self in his efforts to extend the 
Master's kingdom and win souls thereto, his life 
thus far has been consecrated to duty and the 
future awaits him with abundant rewards. His 
scholarly accomplishments, as well as his un- 
feigned piety and many personal virtues, have 
made him popular with all classes and conditions 
of his fellow men, and whatever the future may 
have in store for him, his name will always be 
cherished in the hearts of the people among 
whom he is now laboring with such beneficial re- 
sults. 



CHARLES C. KING is one of the represent- 
ative citizens and honored business men of Scot- 
land. Bon Homme county, where he has main- 
tained his home since 1890, being president of the 
First National Bank of Scotland, succeeding the 
Bank of Scotland in 1903, one of the solid and 
popular monetary institutions of the state. 

Charles Clark King is a native of the state 
of Illinoi-s. having been born in the town of 
La Harpe, Hancock county, on the 7th of July, 
1863, and being a son of Luranus F. and Laura 
("Andrews) King, both of whom were born and 
reared in Ohio, whence they removed to Illinois 
in an early day. In 1866 they removed to Polo, 
Ogle county, Illinois, the father there turning 
his attention to banking. The subject of this 



sketch secured his educational discipline of a pre- 
liminary sort in the public schools, being gradu- 
ated in the high school at Polo, Illinois, as a mem- 
ber of the class of 1883. He then devoted one 
year to the reading of law, after which he was 
employed as a stenographer until 1887, when he 
removed to Duluth, Minnesota, and there en- 
gaged in the real-estate and loan business. In 
the following year he went to the city of Boston, 
Massachusetts, where he remained for two years 
as representative of the American Loan & Trust 
Company, of Duluth, and at the expiration of this 
period, in May, 1890, he came to South Dakota 
and took up his residence in Scotland, where he 
has ever since maintained his home. He here pur- 
chased a controlling interest in the Bank of Scot- 
land, of which institution he has ever since been 
president. He is known as a careful and conserv- 
ative executive and able financier and has the 
confidence and esteem of those with whom he has 
come in contact in either business or social rela- 
tions. In politics Mr. King is a stalwart advo- 
cate of the principles of the Republican party, 
in whose cause he has ever shown a zealous in- 
terest, though never a seeker of political prefer- 
ment for himself. He served as a member of the 
state executive committee of his party during the 
campaign of 1900 and at the time of this writing 
he is chairman of the Republican central commit- 
tee of his county. He has held no elective oflfices 
save that of treasurer of the school district, of 
which he is now incumbent. He and his wife 
are prominent and valued members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and fraternally he is an ap- 
preciative member of the INIasonic order, in which 
he has attained to the thirty-second degree in the 
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, being affili- 
ated with Oriental Consistory, No. i, at Yankton, 
while he is also a member of the El Riad Temple 
of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, in Sioux Falls. 

On the 19th of February, 1896, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. King to Miss Delia 
Robinson, daughter of A. F. Robinson, a re- 
spected citizen of Dixon, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. 
King have one son, Robert R., who was born on 
the 27th of October, 1900. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



"37 



FRANK McNULTY. attorney and coun- 
sellor at law, of Sisseton, is a native of Minne- 
sota and one of a family of six children, whose 
l)arents were born and reared in Ireland. His 
father came to the United States in the early 
'fifties and settHng in Illinois, followed stock 
raisinsT until the breaking: out of the Great Re- 
bellion, when he enlisted in the Thirty-third 
Illinois Infantry, with which he served with an 
honorable record until the close of the war. 
Later he moved to Minnesota, where he spent 
the remainder of his life, dying in the city of 
St. Goud in 1896, at the age of fifty-six, his 
widow being still a resident of that place. 

Frank McNulty was bom December i, 1873, 
in the city of St. Paul and after finishing the 
public-school course pursued his studies for 
some time in the University of Minnesota, sub- 
sequently, 1900, being graduated from that 
institution with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
INIeantime, 1895, ^^^ came to South Dakota as 
principal of the schools of Wilmot and after 
filling the position one year was elected super- 
intendent of the Roberts county public schools, 
the duties of which he discharged two terms, 
baving been re-elected in i8g8. Retiring from 
the superintendency, Mr. McNultA' resumed his 
legal studies in the University of Minnesota, 
and after finishing tlie same, as stated above, 
opened an office in Sisseton, where his legal abili- 
ties soon won public recognition, as is attested 
by the hicrative practice which he has since 
built up and now commands. Although a young 
man with a comparatively brief experience at 
the bar, he is recognized as a lawyer of high 
rank and scholarly attainments, well equipped 
in even' branch of the profession and since lo- 
cating in his present field of labor he has ap- 
peared either for the' prosecution or defense in 
many of the most noted cases tried in the courts 
of Roberts county. 

Mr. McNulty is not only well versed in the 
basic principles of jurisprudence, but is familiar 
with the devious methods of practice and, being 
apt and resourceful, is quick to detect weak 
points or flaws on the part of opposing counsel 
and turn them to his own advantage. A close 



and critical student, he has earned the reputation 
of an able and honorable adviser, as well as that 
of a judicious practitioner, and the energy and 
spirit manifested in cases intrusted to him de- 
monstrate his ability to maintain the justness of 
his causes. Mr. McNulty is pronounced in his 
allegiance to the Republican party and has done 
much to promote its success in Roberts county 
and throughout South Dakota. He served one 
year as secretar\r of the state central committee, 
in which capacity his labors were duly recog- 
nized and appreciated, and he has used his in- 
fluence in many other ways to insure victory for 
the cause which has always been very close to his 
heart. Prominent in local afifairs and untiring in 
his efforts to advance the interests of his city 
and county, he encourages every legitimate en- 
terprise to these ends, and ever since taking up 
his residence in South Dakota his name has 
been very closely identified with movements and 
measures having for their object the advance- 
ment of the state and the prosperity of its peo- 
ple. Mr. McNulty is a director of the Citizens' 
National Bank of Sisseton and a stockholder in 
the same, also a director and vice-president of 
the Iowa Land and Loan Company. In addi- 
tion to his individual interests as represented by 
his law practice, he owns considerable land and 
devotes no little attention to agriculture and 
stock raising, for both of which he has always 
manifested a decided liking. Fraternally Mr. 
McNulty is a member of the Knights of Pythias, 
in which he now holds the title of past grand 
chancellor, and he has at different times rep- 
resented the local lodge in the grand lodge of 
the state. While in college he was an active 
worker in the Phi Delta Phi fratemit}' and still 
manifests a lively interest in the same, retaining 
his membership and keeping himself in close 
touch with its deliberations. 



L. WILLIAM FOSS, clerk of the Roberts 
county courts, is a native of Dodge count}', Min- 
nesota, where his birth occurred on July 12, 
1878. His parents, Anton and Emma fFolk- 
stadt) Foss, were born in Norwav and ^lin- 



:i38 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



nesota, respectively, both being of Scandinavian 
origin. Anton Foss lived in Minnesota for a 
number of years and was a man of considerable 
prominence in his community. He came to 
South Dakota in 1880, took a leading part in 
the public affairs of Roberts county and from 
i8go to 1894, inclusive, held the office of register 
of deeds. His home at the present time is on a 
farm near Wilmot, but he is interested in the 
abstract business at Milbank, in the Grant 
County Abstract and Title Company. 

L. William Foss was about two years old 
when his parents moved to South Dakota, and 
since that time the greater part of his life has 
been spent in Roberts county. He has reared 
on a farm near Wilmot. attended the public 
schools of that town until finishing the prescribed 
course of study and in 1896 was appointed 
deputy register of deeds, which office he held 
until engaging in the mercantile business at Sum- 
mit . in September of the following year. Mr. 
Foss sold goods until igoi, when he disposed of 
his establishment and accepted the position of 
committee clerk in the house of representatives 
in the session of 190 1. He then came to Sisseton 
and entered the employ of the Roberts County 
Abstract and Title Company, with which he re- 
mained about one and a half years, when he was 
elected in 1902 clerk of the circuit and county 
courts, which office he has since held. Mr. 
Foss's previous training and experience fitted 
him to discharge acceptably the duties of the 
clerkship and his management of the office has 
fully justified the people in the wisdom of his 
election. He is an accomplished business man, 
a ready accountant, and by his courteous treat- 
ment of those having business to transact in 
the office, he has won a warm and permanent 
place in the hearts of his fellow citizens. A 
Republican in politics and zealous in upholding 
his principles, he is nevertheless popular with 
the people of the county, regardless of party 
ties and numbers among his warm friends many 
who hold opinions directly the opposite of his 
own. 

Mr. Foss. on November 25, igoi, was united 
in marriage with Miss Angle ^\. Tennev, of 



Spring Valley, Minnesota, the accomplished 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Tenney, who 
are among the well-known and highly respected 
people of that town. Fraternally Mr. Foss is 
identified with the Modem Woodmen of 
America and the Improved Order of Red 
Men, being at this time chief of records in the 
local lodge of the latter organization in Sisseton. 
Mr. Foss is one of the rising young men of 
Roberts county, and his honorable career thus 
far is prophetic of a much wider sphere of action 
and greater achievements in vears to come. 



B. F. CAMPBELL, born :Machias, Maine, 
1838. Served in Civil war and earned rank of 
colonel. Register LTnited States land office at 
Vermillion, 1879. Postmaster Sioux Falls, 1889- 
93. Died, 1897. 



HOMER A. METCALF, for twenty-two 
years a resident of South Dakota and since 1900 
auditor of Roberts county, is a native of the 
dominion of Canada, born near the city of Lon- 
don, Ontario, on April 13, of the year 1865, 
being one of eight children, three sons and five 
daughters, that constituted the family of An- 
thony and Catherine (Haley) Metcalf, the father 
of English birth, the mother of German-English 
deseent, but born and reared in Canada. An- 
thony Metcalf, a carpenter by trade, and later a 
large and successful contractor, immigrated to 
South Dakota in 1881 and settled near Wilmot, 
Roberts county, where he engaged in farming, 
which vocation he followed until retiring from 
active life a few years ago and. removing to the 
town of Wilmot. While following building he 
displayed great energ}^ and acquired an honor- 
able reputation as mechanic and contractor. He 
was also successful as an agriculturist, and is 
now enjoying the fruits of his many years of 
honest toil in the quiet, restful life, which onlv 
such busy men as he know how to appreciate 
fully. Mrs. Catherine ATetcalf died in Roberts 
county in the month of March, 1887. 

Homer A. Metcalf spent his childhood and 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



"39 



}outh on the family homestead near London, 
Canada, attended the public schools there until 
about his sixteenth year and in 1881 accompanied 
his parents to Roberts coutjty, South Dakota, 
where he has since resided. He continued his 
studies for some time after coming to this state 
and when a young man engaged in teaching, 
which profession he followed of winter seasons 
for three years. He also pre-empted land, from 
which in due time he developed a good farm, 
and after retiring from educational work de- 
voted his entire attention to agriculture until the 
fall of 1900, when he was elected by the Re- 
publican party to the office of county auditor. 
The better to discharge the duties of his office 
Mr. Metcalf turned his farm over to other hands 
and removed to the county seat, where he has 
since lived, having been chosen his own suc- 
cessor in the year 1902. 

Mr. Metcalf has administered his office in 
an able and praiseworthy manner and his record 
since taking possession of the same has been 
eminently creditable to himself and an honor 
to the county. He keeps in close touch with 
public affairs, is active as a politician and has 
contributed much to the success of the Re- 
publican party in his section of the state. He 
retained his landed interests until quite recently, 
when he disposed of the same, and is now prom- 
inently identified with the growth and develop- 
ment of Sisseton, encouraging all efforts making 
for the city's material prosperity and lending his 
influence to all enterprises having for their ob- 
ject the social, educational and moral advance- 
ment of the community. 

On November 20, 1890, Mr. Metcalf en- 
tered the marriage relation with Miss Ella 
Frymire, of Canada, daughter of Philip Fr\'- 
mire, who moved some years ago to Roberts 
county. South Dakota, where the father is still 
living, her mother being deceased. Six children 
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Metcalf, 
namely: Harold H., Donald C, Paul W., Ray 
C, Edith May and Winfield, all living and, with 
their parents, constituting a happy household. 
The religious belief of Mr. Metcalf is repre- 
sented by the Methodist church, of which he 



has been a faithful and consistent member for 
a number of years. Mrs. Metcalf is also a 
Methodist, and with her husband belongs to the 
congregation worshiping at Sisseton. 



EDWARD C. GAMM, the leading lumber 
dealer of Sisseton, was born in Schleswig- 
Holstein, Germany, on August 24, 1844, being 
one of the five children of Qiristopher Gamm, 
a miller by trade, who came to America in 
1865, and departed this life four years later in 
the state of Connecticut. E. C. was reared 
and educated in his native country and when a 
youth learned cabinetmaking, which trade he 
followed in Germany until 1865, when he came 
to the United States and secured employment in 
an organ and piano factory in the city of New 
York. Subsequently he engaged in the manu- 
facture of doors, sash and other building ma- 
terial at that place, but later, in 1875, went to 
Stillwater, Minnesota, where he carried on the 
same line of business for some time in connec- 
tion with the general lumber trade. In 1885 
Mr. Gamm went to St. Paul as agent for the St. 
Croix Lumber Company, and continued to man- 
age the firm's large interests in that city during 
the ensuing several years, resigning his posi- 
tion as manager in 1896. In the latter year he 
came to Sisseton, South Dakota, and started the 
lumber yard of which he is now general man- 
ager, the meanwhile building up an extensive 
business in lumber and all kinds of building ma- 
terial, such as doors, sash, lath, etc., his establish- 
ment being one of the largest of the kind in this 
part of the state. Since coming west Mr. Gamm 
has manifested a decided interest in the affairs 
of Sisseton and Roberts county, being public 
spirited in all the term implies and ever ready 
and willing to lend his influence and support to 
enterprises and measures for the general welfare 
of the conmiunity. He served six years as alder- 
man and could have had almost any local office 
within the gift of the people had he not positively 
refused to accept such evidence of public con- 
fidence. 

]\Ir. Gamm holds membership with the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Knights of Pythias, Improved Order of Red 
Men, Ancient Order of United Workmen and 
the Sons of Hermann, and in politics votes the 
Republican ticket. He has been twice married, 
the first time, in May, 1869, to Miss Amelia 
Huhnke, of Germany, who died in 1889 at the 
age of forty-eight years, leaving three children : 
Charles, Emma and Edward. Mr. Gamm, on 
October 23. 1890, contracted a matrimonial al- 
liance with Miss Louisa Hohlmann, a native of 
St. Paul, but of German parentage, the union 
being blessed with two children, a son, William 
PL. and a daughter by the name of Irene. As 
stated in a preceding paragraph, Mr. Gamm is 
classed with the most energetic and progressive 
citizens of Roberts county and in even- walk of 
life he is respected as a courteous, kind-hearted 
gentleman of sterling integrity and genuine 
moral worth. He has been quite successful in 
business, but has other than this to recommend 
him to the favorable consideration of the com- 
munity, being interested in everything pertain- 
ing to the welfare of his fellow men, a liberal 
donor to all public and private benevolences, and 
a supporter of agencies that make for the ad- 
vancement of his city, county and state. Few 
stand as high in general esteem and no man in 
Sisseton enjoys greater popularity or is more 
worthy of the success he has achieved. 



T. H. PEE\^ER is a native of Canada, and 
the son of David and Eliza (Huffman) Peever, 
who came from Ireland about i860 and settled 
in Canada where the father purchased land and 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. Of a family 
of nine children, six sons and three daughters, 
T. H. is the eldest in order of birth. He was 
born August 4, 1862, receiving a good practical 
education in the public schools of Canada, and 
in 1881 came to the United States, locating for 
one year in Michigan, where he engaged in the 
lumber business. At the expiration of the time 
noted he went to Wisconsin, where he dealt in 
lumber during the ensuing nine years, and then 
sold out and came to Roberts county. South Da- 
kota, arriving at Wilmot on the 25th of March, 



1892, before the opening of the reservation. 
After running a locating office at the above place 
for a short time. Air. Peever settled on the pres- 
ent site of Sisseton. where he took up a home- 
stead and later when the town was laid out he 
assisted in the enterprise, took an active in- 
terest in disposing of the lots and was largely 
instrumental in attracting a thrifty class of peo- 
ple to the place. Shortly after locating at Sis- 
seton, he began dealing in farm machinery, 
in connection with which he also opened a real 
estate office, and in due time built up a large 
and lucrative patronage in both lines of business, 
continuing the same with encouraging success 
for a period of six years. 

Mr. Peever was the second postmaster of 
Sisseton. having been appointed to the posi- 
tion by President Cleveland, during whose ad- 
ministration he managed the office in a manner 
highly satisfactory to the public. He was the 
first chairman of Sisseton and Sisseton township 
before incorporation and did much to advance the 
interests of the community and promote its ma- 
terial growth and development. Mr. Peever has 
always been an ardent Democrat and since old 
enough to exercise the rights of citizenship has 
taken active interest in part>' politics. In 1899 
he was nominated for the senate, but by reason 
of the county's being overwhelmingly Repub- 
lican he failed of election, although he made a 
gallant fight and greatly reduced the normal 
majority of the opposition. In February, 1900, 
Mr. Peever organized the Peever-Gorham 
Mercantile Company of Sisseton, which was in- 
corporated with a capital of fifty thousand dol- 
lars for the purpose of establishing and carry- 
ing on a general mercantile business, and of 
which he has since been president and business 
manager. The company carries full lines of 
merchandise, demanded by the general trade, 
owns large and commodious store rooms and 
does a much more extensive business than any 
establishment of the kind in the city or county. 
In addition to this enterprise the subject is 
president of the First State Bank of Peever, is 
interested in the Peever Loan Company, and 
owns a large and valuable fami adjoining Sisse- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ton, which is operated under his direction. Mr. 
Peever is one of the wide-awake, energetic men 
of Roberts county, and his abiHty to carry on 
successfully large and important enterprises is 
attested by the financial prosperity that has 
crowned all of his undertakings. Mr. Peever is 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. Ancient Order United Workmen and 
Masonic fraternities, and in the last named or- 
ganization he holds the office of treasurer at the 
present time. His domestic life dates from 
January 22, 1895, at which time he was united 
in marriage with Miss Agnes P. Rice, who died 
in 1897, leaving one child, a son by the name of 
David B. Subsequently. May 18, 1901, Mr. 
Peever was united in the bonds of wedlock with 
. Miss Emma E. Schindler, a native of Minnesota, 
and a sister of the Schindler brothers, of Sissc- 
ton. 



ANDREW D. DARLING, D. D. S.. one of 
the representative dental practitioners of South 
Dakota, maintaining his residence in the thriving 
town of Tyndall, is a native of the state of 
Illinois, having been born in Princeton, Beaver 
county, on the 19th of September, 1862, a son 
of William D. and Clara O. (Smith) Darling, 
and the younger of their two children, his sister. 
Alice C. being the wife of James ^McCartney, 
of Wyncote, Wyoming. The father of the Doc- 
tor was born in the state of New York, of stanch 
Scotch extraction, and when he was a boy his 
parents removed thence to Illinois, where he was 
reared to the sturdy discipline of the farm, re- 
ceiving his education in the public schools. 

At the outbreak of the war of the Rebellion 
he tendered his services in defense of the Union, 
enlisting as a private in the Ninety-third Illi- 
nois Volunteer Infantry. At the battle of Look- 
out Mountain he was suffering an attack of 
measles but insisted upon taking his place in the 
ranks and participating in the engagement. 
When the retreat was made he was too ill to 
keep in line with his regiment and was captured 
by the enemy and incarcerated in Andersonville 
prison, where he died shortly afterward. His 



widow subsequently became the wife of John 
\'anderley. and they became the parents of one 
daughter, Nellie, who is the wife of Edward W. 
Carrell, residing near Piano, Illinois. The de- 
voted mother entered into etemal rest in 1873. 

Dr. Darling was reared in the home of his 
maternal grandparents, in Marion county, lowa,- 
and his early educational advantages were such 
as were aflforded in the public schools of that lo- 
cality, while he began to depend upon his own 
resources prior to attaining his fifteenth year, 
having thus been the architect of his own for- 
tunes. For four years he worked as a clerk and 
general utility boy in a grocery at Pella, Iowa, 
and at the expiration of this period his employer 
failed in business and a local buyer offered to 
purchase the stock and place our subject in 
charge of the enterprise, but he considered it 
expedient to refuse the overtures thus made and 
went to Des Moines, that state, where he secured 
a clerical position in a leading dry-goods estab- 
lishment. The sedentary occupation finally made 
serious inroads on his health and he accordingly 
determined to remove farther to the west. In 
the spring of 1892, therefore, he resigned his 
position and proceeded to western Nebraska, 
where for the first few months he worked on a 
ranch, receiving his board in compensation for 
his services but having in view the recuperation 
of his energies by the outdoor life. Later he 
secured a position as bookkeeper for an irrigat- 
ing company, receiving a nominal salary. In 
July, 1893, he went to Denver, Colorado, arriv- 
ing in that city in the midst of the severe finan- 
cial panic of that year, and there he remained 
for a period of six weeks, by which time his 
available financial resources had reached a low 
ebb, being represented in the sum of twelve 
(Inllars. \\^ith this capital he purchased a ticket 
for Omaha, Nebraska, and thence went to 
Pacific Junction, Iowa, where his elder sister 
was then living. Shortly afterward he secured 
a position in an abstract ofifice in Plattsmouth, 
Nebraska, where he remained until the ist of 
March, 1894, when he came to Huron, South 
Dakota, and entered the dental office of his uncle. 
Dr. William H. Barker, under whose direction 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



he made a careful study of operative and labo- 
ratory dentistry, continuing to be thus engaged 
for one year, at the expiration of which he went 
to Austin. Minnesota, in company with a Huron 
merchant, whom he assisted in establishing his 
business in the town mentioned. He remained 
in Austin until October, 1895, when he was 
matriculated in the American College of Dental 
Surgery, in the city of Chicago, the institution 
being now a department of the Northwestern 
University, of Evanston, Illinois. Dr. Darling 
continued his studies in this college for two years 
and then opened an office in South Chicago, and 
in 1899 he resumed his studies in the same col- 
lege, where he was graduated in the spring of 
1900. During the last year of his college course 
he worked at night in his little office in South 
Chicago, often remaining until the morning 
hours, and while he was thus able to gain finan- 
cial success in his chosen profession the dual 
strain caused a distinct impairment of his health, 
and he was compelled to remain for a short time 
in a local hospital, after which he returned to 
his home in South Chicago for a short rest. The 
exigencies of his business, however, did not per- 
mit him to secure the needed quiet and he ac- 
cordingly removed to South Dakota, taking up 
his residence in DeSmet, where he passed the 
winter of igoi, and in the following spring he 
came to Tyndall. where he has since been 
actively engaged in the practice of his chosen 
profession, having built up a large and repre- 
sentative business and being known as one of 
the able members of his profession in the state. 
Dentistry implies both a science and a mechanic 
art, and in all phases of the same Dr. Darling is 
amply fortified for the highest order of work, so 
that his success has come as a natural sequel, 
while he has attained distinctive personal popu- 
larity in his chosen field of endeavor. He gives 
his allegiance to the Republican party and he 
is a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. Fraternally the Doctor is identified with 
Capital Lodge, No. no. Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, Des Moines,' Iowa, and Des Moines Lodge, 
No. 68, Knights of Pythias. 

On the nth of Julv, i8g8. Dr. Darling was 



united in marriage to Miss Hattie Sturgeon, of 
DeSmet, this state, and of their three children 
two are living, namely : Stephen Foster and 
Paul Eugene, both of whom remain at the 
parental home. Mrs. Darling is a communicant 
of the Catholic church. 



CHARLES M. STILWILL, one of the able 
and successful young members of the bar of the 
.state, established in the practice of his profes- 
sion at Tyndall, Bon Homme county, was born 
in Hopkinton, Delaware county, Iowa, on the 
8th of November, 1875, being a son of Charles 
H. and Marion (Kirkwood) Stilwill. His 
father is now postmaster of Tyndall and is in- 
dividually mentioned on other pages of this 
work, so that a recapitulation of the family his- 
tory is not demanded at this juncture. The 
subject has passed practically his entire life in 
South Dakota, since he was a child of about five 
vears at the time when his parents removed here 
from Iowa, and here his early education was 
received in the public schools, after which he 
continued his studies in Yankton College. In 
1892 he began reading law under the preceptor- 
ship of James D. Elliott, of Tyndall, United 
States district attorney at this time, and in 1894 
he was matriculated in the law department of 
the Iowa State LTniversity, at Iowa City, where 
he was graduated in the spring of 1896. After 
his graduation Mr. Stilwill associated himself 
with the law firm of Shull & Farnsworth, of 
Sioux City, Iowa, remaining with .this concern 
until April i. 1897, when his former preceptor, 
J. D. Elliott, was appointed LTnited States dis- 
trict attorney and the subject accepted a part- 
nership with him, and here he has since remained 
as a partner to Mr. Elliott, while through his 
ability and discrimination he has gained dis- 
tinctive prestige in his chosen profession, to 
which he gives his undivided attention. In 
politics he gives an inflexible allegiance to the 
Republican party and .has been an active worker 
in its cause. For the past four years he has been 
secretary of the Republican committee at Tyn- 
dall. He is a member of the Congregational 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



church at Tyndall, and is treasurer of the church 
at the time of this writing, taking a zealous in- 
terest in all departments of its work. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of Bon Homme Lodge, 
No. lOT, Free and Accepted Masons, of which 
he is secretary; and he is also identified with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

On the 27th of December, 1899, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Stilwill to Miss Mary 
A. McAuley, of Tyndall, and they are the par- 
ents of three children, Helen C. Ruth M. and 
Giarles Frederick. 



JOSEPH ZITKA, cashier of the Security 
Bank at Tyndall, is a native of Bohemia, where 
he was born on the 21st of March, 1850, being 
a son of Joseph and Anna (Riha") Zitka, of 
whose three children he is the elder of the two 
surviving, the other being Frances, who is the 
wife of Charles Vaulk, of Bon Homme county, 
this state. The father of the subject was a 
fanner in his native land, where he continued 
to reside until 1867, when he immigrated with 
his family to the United States, locating in Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, where he remained about tliree 
years, after which he came as a pioneer to South 
Dakota, which was then still a portion of the 
great undivided territory- of Dakota. He lo- 
cated in Bon Homme county, where he took up 
a homestead claim and again turned his atten- 
tion to agricultural pursuits. He was a man of 
energy and excellent business judgment, and 
through his well-directed efforts he attained a 
definite success in connection with his industrial 
enterprise as a pioneer of this state, while he 
so lived as to command the respect of all who 
knew him. At the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in September, 1902, he was a resident 
of Bon Homme county. South Dakota, and his 
political faith was that of the Democratic party. 

The subject of this sketch received his early 
educational discipline in his native land, being 
accorded the advantages of the excellent schools 
in the vicinity of his home, and being about 
seventeen years of age at the time of the family's 



emigration to the United States. After locating 
in South Dakota he continued to be associated 
with his father in his farming enterprises until 
1883, a partnership relation having been main- 
tained. He early became interested in matters 
of public concern and eventually became a 
prominent factor in the local councils of the 
Democratic party, of whose principles and poli- 
cies he has ever been a stalwart advocate. In 
1872 he was elected a member of the board of 
county commissioners of Bon Homme county 
and in the ensuing year he was still further 
honored by being chosen to represent his district 
in the legislature of the territory, while in 1876 
he was again elected a member of the board of 
county commissioners. In 1883 Mr. Zitka was 
elected register of deeds of Bon Homme county, 
having become a resident of this county in 1870, 
and this office he held for three consecutive 
terms of two years each. In 1889 he was a 
member of the constitutional convention, at 
Sioux Falls, which formulated the present ad- 
mirable constitution of the state. In 1898 he 
was elected treasurer of Bon Homme county, 
and thereupon became a resident of Tyndall, the 
county seat having been removed to this place 
from Bon Homme in 1885. 

In 1889 was effected the organization of the 
Security Bank in Tyndall and Mr. Zitka was 
chosen cashier of the new institution, a position 
of which he has ever since remained incumbent, 
while his discriminating management of its af- 
fairs has shown him to be an able executive and 
through his efforts the institittion has become 
one of the popular and solid ones of the state. 
He is the owner of about fifteen hundred acres 
of valuable fanning land in Bon Homme county. 
He and his wife are communicants of the 
Catholic church and fraternally he is a member 
of Bon Homme Lodge, No. loi. Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. 

On the 8th of June, 1877, Mr. Zitka was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary Bohac, of 
Crete, Nebraska, and of this union have been 
born eight children, concerning whom we enter 
the following brief record : Hattie is the wife of 
Frank Chladek, of Hawarden, Iowa; Rose is 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the wife of John Herman, of Tabor, South Da- 
kota; and ]\Iary, Charles, Anna, Agnes, Fran- 
ces and George still remain at the parental home, 
which is a center of refined hospitality. 



CHARLES H. STILWILL, the able and 
popular incumbent of the office of postmaster 
at Tyndall, is a native of the old Empire state 
of the Union, having been born in Genesee 
county. New York, on tlie 7th of February, 
1843, a son of Hiram R. and Melinda (Drake) 
Stilwill, of whose four children three survive, 
namely: Kesiah, who is the wife of John P. 
Dickey, of Cherokee, Iowa; Charles H., subject 
of this sketch ; and John G., who is superintend- 
ent of the Emma mines, at Alta City, Utali. 
Hiram R. Stilwill was likewise bom in Genesee 
county, of stanch Holland ancestry, and in his 
native county he received a good English edu- 
cation, having been for a number of years a 
successful teacher in the district schools, while 
later he gave his attention to the nursery busi- 
ness. He died of typhus fever, in 1853, at the 
age of thirty-seven years, our subject having 
been a lad of ten years at the time. His widow 
subsequently contracted a second marriage, be- 
coming the wife of Joseph B. Craft, and of this 
union was born one child, George H., who is 
now a resident of Oakfield, New York, The 
mother was summoned into eternal rest in 1871. 
Her father, John Drake, was an active partici- 
pant in the war of 181 2. William Stilwill, the 
paternal grandfather of bur subject, was born 
in Cattaraugus county, New York, whither his 
parents immigrated from Holland, and theie he 
took up a tract of land in what was commonly 
known as the Holland Purchase, 

Charles H. Stillwill, whose name introduces 
this sketch, was reared in his native county and 
received his early educational training in the 
common schools. In 1865 he severed the home 
ties and set forth to seek his fortunes in the west. 
He came to Iowa, arriving in Dubuque the day 
following the assassination of President Lincoln, 
and he thence carried the news of this lamentable 



tragedy into Delaware county, that state, where 
he devoted his attention to farm work for the 
ensuing three years. He was married in 1868 
and shortly afterward engaged in the manu- 
facture of fanning mills, at Hopkinton, Iowa, 
and one year later he removed to a farm which 
he had previously purchased, in Delaware county, 
and there he continued to be engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits until the spring of 1879, when 
he disjrosed of his farm and came to the terri- 
tory of Dakota, passing the first summer in 
Yankton, and arriving in Bon Homme county, 
on the 7th of September, 1879. For about six- 
teen months thereafter he served as deputy regis- 
ter of deeds of the county, and in 1881 he was 
appointed clerk of the courts, which incum- 
bency he retained for the long period of eleven 
years, giving most capable and satisfactory 
service. Within this time he also gave his at- 
tention to the real-estate business, becoming one 
of the leading representatives of this line of en- 
terprise in this section. He associated himself 
with G. W. Roberts, of Yankton, and Thomas 
Thorson, of Canton, in the organization of the 
Corn Belt Real Estate Association, which has 
accomplished so great a work in furthering the 
settlement of the state and the development of 
its industrial resources, Mr. Stilwill has been 
called to other offices of public trust, having 
served as deputy sheriff and as deputy county 
treasurer, and in all positions he has held the 
implicit confidence of the people of the county. 
In 1897 he was appointed postmaster at Tyndall, 
and in 1902 he received a reappointment under 
President Roosevelt. He is still largely inter- 
ested in real estate, owning valuable property in 
Tyndall and extensive tracts of farming land in 
the count}', and he has done much to promote the 
general welfare and material progress of this 
favored section of our great commonwealth. In 
politics Mr. Stilwill gives an unequivocal al- 
legiance to the Republican party, and fraternally 
he is affiliated with Bon Homme Lodge, No. 
loi, Free and Accepted IMasons ; Scotland Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons ; Springfield Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows; and Tyn- 
dall Lodge, Knights of Pythias. He is a mem- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



145 



ber of the Congregational church, as was also 
his devoted and cherished wife. 

On the nth of February, i8fi8, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Stilwill to Miss 
Marian Kirkwood, of Ho]ikinton. Iowa, who 
proved to him a true helpmeet until her death, 
which occurred on the 12th of March, 1903. 
She was held in affectionate regard by all who 
knew her, being a woman of gracious and 
noble character, and she is .survived by her four 
children, namely : Agnes, who is the wife of 
James D. Elliott, United States district attorney, 
residing in Tyndall ; Dr. Hiram R., who is a 
practicing physician in Dfenver, Colorado: 
Qiarles M., who is a well-known attorney of 
I Tyndall, being individually mentioned on 

I another page of this work, and Hayes K., who 

is bookkeeper in the Security Bank, of Tyndall. 



REV. EDWARD M. FIEREK, the able and 
popular priest in charge of St. Leo's Catholic 
church in Tyndall, Bon Homme county, is a 
native of the state of Wisconsin, having been 
born in Stevens Point, Portage county, on the 
13th of October, 1874, a son of August and 
Johanna (Kropidlowski) Fierek, both of whom 
were born in Poland, where they were reared 
and educated, having come thence to the United 
States about 1873, locating in Wisconsin, where 
their marriage was solemnized. August Fierek 
rendered valiant service in the Franco-Prussian 
war, and he came to America shortly after the 
expiration of his term of service. After his 
arrival in Wisconsin he was for a short time 
engaged in farm work, after which he became 
identified with railroad work, in which he con- 
tinued, in various capacities, until about 1898, 
when he met with an accident which necessitated 
the amputation of his right leg, and since that 
time he has lived retired, maintaining his home 
in Ironwood, Michigan, and still having the 
companionship of his devoted wife, both being 
communicants and zealous workers in the 
Catholic church. 

Rev. Father Fierek passed his boyhood days 
in his native state of Wisconsin, and his earlv 



education was secured in the parochial schools of 
Stevens Point, after which he took a classical 
and philosophical course of study in St. Joseph's 
College, at Dubuque, Iowa. Thereafter his 
studies were interrupted for an interval of about 
three years, at the expiration of which he was 
enabled to carry forward his long cherished 
plans of preparing himself for the priesthood, 
entering St. Mary's Seminary, in Cincinnati, 
r)hio, where he completed his theological course, 
being graduated in June, 1901, and in Septem- 
ber of the same year he was ordained to the 
priesthood, at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, under 
the episcopal offices of Bishop O'Gorman. Soon 
after his ordination Father Fierek was assigned 
to the parish of Sts. Peter and Paul church, in 
Pierre, as assistant to Father John J. O'Neill, 
and there he remained until June 15, 1902, when 
he was sent to his -present charge, where he has 
gained the aft'ectionate regard of his parishioners 
and the high esteem of all who know him. Father 
Fierek is a young man of genial and gracious 
personality, earnest in the work to which he has 
consecrated his life, kindly and tolerant in his 
judgment, and one well adapted to the noble 
calling to which he has given himself in the full- 
ness of faith and self-abnegating humility. 



PATRICK WILLIAM McKEEVER, chief 
of the well-equipped fire department of the city 
of Sioux Falls, is a native of the state of Illinois, 
having been born in the city of Diixon, Lee 
county, on the nth of January, 1868, and being 
a son of Patrick and Alice McKeever, who re- 
moved thence to St. Louis, Missouri, when he 
was a mere child, his father being a tailor by vo- 
cation. The parents are now living in St. Louis, 
Missouri. The subject passed his early youth in 
the metropolis of Missouri, and there received 
the advantages of the parochial and public 
schools. In 1884, at the age of sixteen years, 
he left St. Louis, and went to Kentland, Indi- 
ana, where he served an apprenticeship at the 
tailor's trade, at which he was employed in 
various parts of the Union until 1887, when he 
came to Sioux Falls, where he followed his trade 



146 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



until 1892, when he engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness, to which he continued to give his attention, 
as proprietor of the Winsor and Central hotels, 
finally leading to his appointment to his present 
office as chief of the local fire department. He 
joined the volunteer fire department soon after 
coming to Sioux Falls, and continued with the 
same after the department was acquired by the 
municipal government, his ability and fidelity 
finally leading to his apopintment to his present 
position. He is a man of genial nature and 
enjoy.s the esteem and confidence of the people 
of the city, who realize that he is ever watchful 
of their interests and ever ready to respond to 
the call of duty in offering protection to life and 
property. In politics the chief was formerly af- 
filiated with the Democracy, but at the time of 
the first nomination of the late lamented Presi- 
dent McKinley he transferred his allegiance to 
the Republican party, of whose principles he 
has since been a stanch advocate. In 1897-98 he 
represented the first ward on the board of alder- 
men of the city. Religiously he is a Catholic, 
while his fraternal relations are with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. 

On the 2d of June, igoo, Mr. McKeever was 
united in marriage to Miss Josephine Houser, a 
daughter of Adam Houser, of Salem, this state, 
and their pleasant home is one in which a gra- 
cious hospitality is ever in evidence. 



THOMAS J. BUSHELL, junior member of 
the well-known firm of Roberts & Bushell, pro- 
prietors of the White Seal cigar factory in the 
city of Sioux Falls, the largest concern of the 
sort in the state, is one of the popular and repre- 
sentative business men of the state, and has been 
a resident of Sioux Falls for more than a score 
of years, while for seventeen years he held the 
position of engineer at the state penitentiary 
here. 

Mr. Bushell is a native of Binningham, 
England, where he was born on the 4th of July, 
i860, being a son of J. G. and Sarah (Bell) 
Bushell. who still remain in England, his father 
being a saddler by vocation. The subject se- 



cured his educational training in the excellent 
schools of his native land, and in the city of 
Birmingham learned the trade of steam-fitting, 
having become a skilled artisan in the line prior 
to his immigration to America. He came to 
the United States in 1879, in April of which 
year he located in the city of Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin, where he was employed at his trade for 
some time, and later was similarly engaged in 
the city of Chicago. In 1882 he came to Sioux 
Falls, under contract with a leading Qiicago 
concern, to take charge of the steam-fitting in 
the South Dakota penitentiary and the Cataract 
hotel, and after the completion of the work he 
was appointed engineer at the penitentiary-, 
where he continued to give most effective service 
for the long period of seventeen years, at the 
expiration of which he resigned in order to en- 
gage in his present line of business. In JXIay, 
igo2, Mr. Bushell entered into partnership with 
John H. Roberts, a practical cigarmaker, and 
organized the firm of Roberts & Bushell, and in 
the comparatively brief intervening period they 
have built up a large and prosperous business, 
their trade ramifying throughout the state, while 
they manufacture cigars of the highest grade, 
employing the most skilled workmen and utiliz- 
ing select stock. Their large and well-equipped 
factory is located at 328 South Phillips avenue, 
and the concern figures as one of the important 
commercial and industrial enterprises of the 
city, while the members of the firm are known 
as reliable, wide-awake and progressive business 
men, commanding the confidence and esteem of 
all with whom they have dealings. 

In politics Mr. Bushell accords an uncom- 
promising allegiance to the Republican party, in 
whose ranks he has been for a number of years 
a most active and effective worker, being promi- 
nent in the party councils in the state, and being 
at the present time a representative of Minne- 
haha county on the state central committee, while 
for the past several years he has been a delegate 
to the successive state conventions of his parts', 
as well as to minor conventions. In 1900 he 
was elected a member of the city council, and 
was chosen as his own successor in 7902, so that 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



at the time of this writing he is serving his sec- 
ond term, doing all in his power to further the 
interests of clean and conservative municipal 
government and being animated by a distinctive 
public spirit, so that he proves a valuable mem- 
ber of the body. He is one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
in the state, being affiliated with Jasper Lodge, 
Xo. 21, and in 1900 and 1 901 he had the distinc- 
tion of serving as department grand master of 
the order in the state. He is also identified with 
Sioux Falls Lodge, No. 9, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows; and with Sioux Falls x\erie, No. 
318. Fraternal Order of Eagles, of which he is 
president at the time of this writing. 

On the 28th of May, 1884, Mr. Bushell was 
united in marriage to Miss Lena Haugen, a 
daughter of Otto and Anna Haugen, her father 
being one of the prominent farmers of Turner 
county, this state, while she was born in Nor- 
way. Mr. and Mrs. Bushell have one child, 
Florence Belle,' who was born on the 5th of 
Atigust, 1889, and who is one of the popular 
\onng women in her social circles. 



JACOB SCHAETZEL, Jr., one of the best 
known citizens of Sioux Falls, and who has the 
distinction of having been the first mayor of the 
city after its incorporation as such, is a native 
of the state of Wisconsin, having been bom on 
a farm in Washington county, on the i6th of 
May, 1850, and being a son of Jacob and Kathar- 
ine (Kissinger) Schaetzel, both of whom were 
born in Darmstadt, Germany, the father having 
been a farmer by vocation and having passed 
the closing years of his life in Freeport, Illinois, 
where he died in 1899, his devoted wife passing 
away in 1885, while all of their eight children are 
living at the present time. After completing the 
curriculum of the district schools the subject 
continued his studies in the Lawrence University, 
at Appleton, Wisconsin. At the age of nineteen 
years he secured employment as clerk in a store 
at Freeport, Illinois, where he remained for a 
period of six years, gaining practical knowledge, 
which proved of great value to him in his later 



and independent business operations. Mr. 
Schaetzel became one of the pioneers of Min- 
nehaha county, South Dakota, where he took up 
his residence on the 22d of February, 1876, set- 
tling in Sioux Falls, which was at the time a 
straggling little village of about two hundred 
and fifty population. In the intervening years 
he has left an indelible impress upon the civic, 
industrial and business affairs of the city, county 
and state, while to him has come a due measure 
of success as the result of his well-directed en- 
deavors along legitimate lines of enterprise. For 
the first few years after his arrival in the state 
Mr. Schaetzel gave his attention principally to 
the real-estate and insurance business and to the 
shipping in of horses, for which he found a 
ready demand as the tide of immigration set in. 
For two years he conducted a livery and sales 
stable in Sioux Falls, and since that time his 
name has been associated with a large number 
of important and varied business enterprises, 
while he has accumulated a competence. He is 
the owner of valuable property in the city and 
county and is a stockholder in various industrial 
and financial concerns, having been at one time 
a stockholder in the German Bank, and a mem- 
ber of its directorate. As has been well said of 
him, "There are no negative elements in his 
makeup ; he is energetic and enterprising, and is 
a good citizen." 

In politics Mr. Schaetzel accords an uncom- 
promising allegiance to the Republican party, in 
whose cause he has been an active worker, being 
one of the wheelhorses of the party in Min- 
nehaha county. In 188 1, upon the death of 
Thomas T. Cochran, who has been incumbent 
of the office, he was elected president of the vil- 
lage council of Sioux Falls, and forthwith 
showed his progressive ideas and strong power 
of initiative by vigorously agitating the question 
of securing to the place a charter as a city, its 
population and commercial prestige at the time 
entitling its incorporation as such. He called a 
meeting of the citizens for the consideration of 
the matter, and within the autumn of that year 
definite steps were taken toward the accomplish- 
ment of the desired end. a city charter being 



148 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



drafted and other necessary preliminary work 
accomplished. The president of the village then 
went to the territorial capital and presented the 
claims of Sioux Falls to the legislature, which 
duly passed the bill authorizing the incorpor- 
ation as a city. At the first general election un- 
der the new charter, in 1882, Mr. Schaetzel was 
further honored by his fellow citizens by being 
elected the first mayor of the city, receiving a 
most gratifying support and continuing in tenure 
of the office for a term of two years, while he 
gave a most able, careful and business-like ad- 
ministration, the burdens imposed upon him in 
the connection being heavy, as his term of office 
was one marked by reorganization and readjust- 
ment in municipal affairs, but his vigorous policy 
was such that harmony and wise administra- 
tion marked the course of his official career. He 
was county commissioner for the fifth district 
during the years 1893-4-5, and was a very active 
and influential member of the board, while his 
aid and influence have at all times been loyally 
given in support of all measures and under- 
takings for the advancement of the best interests 
of the city and state. 

On the 7th of September, 1871, Mr. Schaetzel 
was united in marriage to Miss Catharine Bren- 
ner, who was born and reared in Washington 
county, Wisconsin, being a daughter of Peter 
and Christina (Kissinger) Brenixer, both of 
whom died in Polk, Washington county, Wis- 
consin. Mr. and Mrs. Schaetzel have two chil- 
dren, Marie, who is the wife of Ernest D. Skill- 
man, of Irene, this state, and William A., who is 
engaged in business at Elk Point. The subject 
is a member of the Masonic fraternity, in which 
he has passed the degrees of lodge and chapter. 



BENJAMIN L. WALKER, fanner and 
stock raiser and since 1893 treasurer and tax 
collector of Lyman county. South Dakota, is a 
native of Pennsylvania and the son of Abner and 
Lucinda (Risling) Walker, now living in 
Hutchinson county. South Dakota, the father 
being a retired farmer and stock raiser. .A_bner 
Walker moved his family to South Dakota in 



1870 and located on a homestead near Yankton, 
where he lived a few years, subsequently chang- 
ing his abode to Bon Homme county. He be- 
came a large land holder and well-to-do farmer 
and stock raiser in Bon Homme and after ac- 
quiring a competence moved to the town of 
Olivet, where, as stated above, he is now passing 
the evening of a well-spent life in honorable re- 
tirement. Of his four children all are living. 

Benjamin L. Walker was born March 26, 
1866, in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, and at 
the age of four years was brought by his parents 
to South Dakota, where he grew to maturity 
and has since lived and in the public school of 
which he received a fair education. Reared, 
amid the stirring scenes of farm life and early 
taught the varied duties of agriculture, his train- 
ing has been mostly of a practical character, ac- 
quired in the stern school of experience, by com- 
ing in contact with the world in different busi- 
ness capacities. The family came to this state 
when scattering settlements were few and far 
between, and he experienced his full share of 
the vicissitudes incident to life on the frontier. 
He spent his youth on the homestead near Yank- 
ton, later assisted his father develop and im- 
prove the latter's land in the county of Bon 
Homme, and on reaching the age when young 
men are expected to leave home and form their 
own plans for the future, he turned his atten- 
tion to agriculture and stock raising, both of 
which callings he followed with success and 
financial profit until 1 900, when he was elected 
treasurer and tax-collector of Lyman county, 
since which time he has lived in the town of 
Oacoma. the county seat. 

Mr. Walker owns a fine ranch of two hun- 
dred acres, a part of which is under cultivation, 
the rest being devoted to live stock, in the prose- 
cution of which business he has met with most 
encouraging results, making a specialty of the 
noted Hereford breed of cattle, for which there 
is always a strong demand at liberal prices. He 
has made a number of substantial improvements 
on his place, having good buildings, including a 
comfortable and attractive residence, which 
while he occupied was furnished with all the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



149 



comforts and conveniences calculated to make 
rural life desirable. The better to attend to the 
duties of his office, he changed his residence, 
shortly after his election, to the seat of justice, 
where he now has a commodious home and with 
the material growth and prosperity of which 
town he has been actively identified. Air. 
Walker is one of the leading Republicans of 
L\inan county, and as an energetic and able 
counsellor he has contributed greatly to the suc- 
cess of Republican principles in the county of 
Lyman and elsewhere. 

In the year 1894 Mr. Walker and Miss Leila 
Brown, of Iowa, were united in marriage, Mrs. 
Walker's parents at this time being residents of 
Lyman county, South Dakota. Her father is 
a farmer and stock raiser, owning a valuable 
ranch and devoting especial attention, not only 
to raising cattle and horses, but to the buying 
and shipping the same, doing a large and thriv- 
ing business and rapidly becoming one of the 
wealthy men of the section of country in which 
he lives. Mr. and Mrs. Walker have an in- 
teresting family of six children whose names 
are Loretta, Maude, Edyth, Viola, Ivan and 
Florence, all living and those old enough at- 
tending the public schools of Oacoma. 



RICHARD L. SMITH is a native of Jen- 
nings county, Indiana, where he was born on 
the 26th of April, 1833, being one of the eleven 
children born to James P. and Eliza A. (Beech- 
am) Smith. His father was a farmer and each 
of the eight sons assisted in the work of the 
homestead place, while during the winter terms 
they were able to attend the district schools. 
At the age of eighteen Mr. Smith proved himself 
eligible for pedagogic honors, securing a license 
to teach school. He proved successful in his 
work as a teacher and devoted his attention to 
this profession for three successive years, while 
during this time he relegated the work of the 
fami to his younger brothers and worked at the 
carpenter's trade during the summer vacation 
periods. During this time he was giving as 
much attention as possible to the study of 



medicine, first carrying on his studies under the 
direction of his older brother, a successful prac- 
ticing physician, and then passing two years un- 
der the effective preceptorship of Dr. William 
F. Riley, of Omega, Indiana, who took a great 
interest in the young man and aided him in 
more ways than one. The subject, during this 
time, made his home with his preceptor and in 
the fall of 1835 he obtained from Dr. Riley a 
certificate of qualification which enabled him to 
practice medicine under the laws of Indiana. 
After a short time he removed to Illinois, being 
engaged in practice at Decatur for two years 
and then taking up his residence in Salem, that 
state, while in the following year he entered the 
office of Dr. Stephen F. Mercer, of that place, 
and devoted two years to a systematic review 
of his professional studies. 

At the outbreak of the Rebellion Dr. Smith 
was among the first to tender his services in 
defense of the Union. On May 9, 1861, he en- 
listed as a private in Company G, Twenty-first 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and for the ensuing 
four years and nine months the history of his 
regiment is coincident with his personal career a"? 
a valiant and loyal soldier. He participated in 
many of the most important battles incident to 
the progress of the great fratracidal conflict, his 
regiment being for the greater portion of the 
time a part of the Army of the Cumberland, and 
it was his good fortune to escape wounds and 
sickness, while he never asked for or received a 
furlough or a leave of absence. He was always 
present for active duty or for detached service 
and his fidelity and zeal never wavered during 
the long and arduous service which he rendered 
in behalf of the nation's honor and integrity. He 
was made first lieutenant of his company in Oc- 
tober, 1862, prior to the battle of Stone River, in 
which he was an active participant. He was 
promoted to captain after the capture of Atlanta 
in 1864 and received his honorable discharge, at 
Springfield, Illinois, on the 6th of February, 
1866.^ 

After the close of his military service Dr. 
Smith returned to his former home, in Marion 
county, Illinois, for the purpose of securing a 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



much needed rest, and there he purchased a 
farm, which he operated by proxy. In 1868 he 
made a vigorous campaign for the office of clerk 
of the circuit court, and he states that in the 
connection he was "defeated by a respectable 
majority." In June, 1869, he was appointed by 
President Grant as superintendent of Indian 
schools for the northwest, Nez Perces, of Idaho; 
Sho.shones, of Wyoming; and Red Clouds, of 
South Dakota, resigning in February, 1872. In 
October, 1872, Dr. Smith entered the employ of 
the great publishing house of Lippincott & Com- 
pany, of Philadelphia, and was assigned the man- 
agement of their educational department for the 
northwest. In the following year he wa's ap- 
pointed steward of the Illinois state prison, at 
Joliet, retaining this office until 1874, after which 
he devoted his attention to his profession until 
1882, when he came to South Dakota and took 
up a claim in township 113, range 70, Hand 
county, where he has ever since maintained his 
home and where he has developed and improved 
a valuable farm of six hundred and forty acres. 
Five acres of his ranch are under cultivation and 
the remainder is devoted to the raising of hay 
and to grazing purposes. He raises an excellent 
grade of live stock, giving special attention to 
the breeding of horses, in which he has met 
with marked success. He has not been actively 
engaged in the practice of his profession for a 
number of years, but still takes a deep interest in 
the science and keeps in touch with the advances 
made in the same. 

Dr. Sinith has been an active factor in public 
affairs ever since coming to the territory and 
the state of South D&kota can find no one more 
loyal to its interests than is he. He has been 
a stanch supporter of the principles of the Re- 
publican party from the time of its organization. 
He was the first superintendent of schools for 
Hand county and a member of the first state 
constitutional convention, and in 1891 he was 
"elected a member of the board of county com- 
missioners of Hand county, serving three years, 
during the last of which he was chairman of the 
board. In 1892 he was the nominee of his party 
for the state senate, but met the defeat which 



attended the ticket in general throughout the 
state. In 1902 he was elected to represent his 
district in the lower house of the legislature, 
serving during the ensuing general assembly 
with marked ability and to the satisfaction of his 
constituents who had honored him by their 
preferment. He was chairman of the committee 
on public health and also a member of the im- 
portant committees on ways and means and edu- 
cation. In March, 1902, the Doctor was made 
the recipient of a beautiful gold-headed cane, 
which was presented by the Aberdeen District 
Medical Society, in recognition of his valuable 
services as chairman of the house committee 
first mentioned. The Doctor is a member of 
Masonic fraternity and of the State Historical 
Society. In religious matters he is liberal and 
tolerant, having the deepest respect for the es- 
sential spiritual verities. 

On the 15th of July, 1872, Dr. Smith was 
united in marriage to Miss Emma D. White, of 
luka, Illinois. She was born in Bond county, 
Illinois, and is a daughter of Robert F. White, 
who was an honored pioneer of Illinois. Dr. 
and Mrs. Smith have two sons, Lawrence N. 
W., born in prison, Joliet, Illinois, April 6, 
1874, and who is now on the home farm, and 
Clarence I. W., who was born in Marion 
county, Illinois, December 7, 1876, and is also 
on the home farm. 



LIZZIAM ARCH AM BEAN, who resides 
in the pleasant village of Geddes, Qiarles Mix 
county, is of English extraction and was born 
in Canada, in the year 1833, being there reared 
to the age of seventeen years and securing 
limited educational advantages in his youth, 
while he has been dependent upon his own re- 
sources from his boyhood days and is worthy of 
the honored American title of self-made man. 
At the age noted he located in the lumbering dis- 
trict of Wisconsin, where he secured employ- 
ment in rafting logs down the Wisconsin river, 
working in the great timber forests during the 
winter months. He remained in Wisconsin 
about four years and then went to St. Louis, 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



where he met a fellow countryman, with whom 
he remained some time, having been employed in 
the city and vicinity for two and one-half years, 
at the expiration of- which he went down the 
Mississippi river to Vicksburg, Mississippi, 
where he remained one year. He then made the 
trip up the Mississippi and Missouri rivers into 
the territory of Dakota, arriving here in the year 
1859. He found employment for two years at 
Fort Randall, and he then began to contract for 
the cutting of logs for use at the garrison, and 
also got out considerable timber for use in the 
building of boats. The white settlers were few 
and far between during those early years, and 
the great plains vvere swept by great herds of 
buffaloes, while elk, deer and bears roamed 
about almost unmolested, save as hunted by the 
Indians. In 1862 Mr. Archambean was united 
in marriage to Miss Adaline Vassor, and they 
are the parents of ten children, Battia, Joseph, 
Mary, Julia, Moses, Louis, Annie, Adeline, Josie 
and Sophia. Mr. Archambean began farming 
in South Dakota as early as the year 1867, and 
he is at the present time the owner of two hun- 
dred and forty acres of land, of which eighty 
acres are under effective cultivation, while the 
remainder is utilized principally for grazing 
[lurposes. He rents the farm and is living prac- 
tically retired in Geddes. He is a stanch ad- 
lierent of the Democratic party, and served for 
some time as road overseer, and both he and 
his wife are communicants of the Catholic 
church. 



MARTIN HARRIS, of Clark, Clark county, 
is a native of the old Buckeye state, having been 
born in Portage county, Ohio, on the 2d of De- 
cember, 1 83 1, and he is a son of Hosea and 
Caroline (Skinner) Harris, the former of whom 
w^as born in the state of New York and the lat- 
ter in Massachusetts, while both families were 
early founded in America. The father of the 
subject removed to Ohio in the pioneer era in 
that state, and there passed the remainder of his 
life, having been a mason by trade and vocation. 
Both he and his wife were persons of lofty integ- 



rity, living earnest and worthy lives. Of their 
four children one is now living, the subject of 
this review, he having been the second in order 
of birth. His mother died when he was a lad 
of twelve years, and his father passed to his final 
rest about six years later. 

Martin Harris remained at the parental home 
until the same was broken up by the death of his 
mother, having in the meanwhile secured such 
advantages as were afforded in the common 
schools of his native county. At the age of 
twelve years he became largely dependent upon 
his own resources, and thus began the stern bat- 
tle of life when a mere boy. He was employed 
at farm work for several years, and then learned 
the carpenter trade, as well as that of cabinet- 
making, while thereafter he was employed as a 
builder and in car shops, learning to be a skilled 
draftsman in the meanwhile. About 1866 he 
purchased a farm in Geauga county, Ohio, de- 
voting his attention to its cultivation about seven 
years, after which he was similarly engaged in 
Marshall county, Indiana, until he came to South 
Dakota. In 1S85 he disposed of his farm in the 
Hoosier state, and came to Dakota territory, lo- 
cating in Clark county, where he has ever since 
resided. He took up two hundred acres of gov- 
ernment land, in Merton township, and reclaimed 
the same from its primitve condition, making it 
a fertile and productive farm, while to the orig- 
inal claim he added until he was the owner of a 
well-improved ranch of two hundred acres, 
equipped with high-grade buildings, in distinct 
contrast to those which he built upon first com- 
ing to the county, for his original dwelling was a 
primitive sod house. Mr. Harris devoted him- 
self zealously and indefatigably to the cultiva- 
tion and improvement of his land, and with the 
passing of the years gained a competency, which 
enables him to pass the evening of his life in that 
quiet and dignified repose which constitute the 
just reward for his long years of earnest toil and 
endeavor. In the spring of 1901 he disposed 
of his farm and purchased a good residence 
I property in the county seat, where he has since 
lived retired from active business. In politics 
Mr. Harris was formerly a Republican, but in 



IIS2 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



later years has given his support to the Prohi- 
bition party, being- a zealous advocate of the 
temperance cause. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
have been active in good works and kindly deeds. 
On the I2th of November, 1865, in Kent, 
Portage county, Ohio, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Harris to Miss Eliza Ferris, who 
was born in New York on the 31st of Januars-, 
1832. being a daughter of John and Hannah 
(Black) Ferris, the former a native of New 
York and the latter of Massachusetts. They 
removed to Ohio in 1834, and there passed the 
remainder of their lives, Mr. Ferris having been 
a shoemaker by trade and vocation. Mrs. Har- 
ris was the youngest in a family of ten children, 
of whom she is the only one yet living. The 
subject and his estimable wife, who has been to 
him a devoted companion and helpmeet, have 
three children : Emma is the wife of Albert Bull, 
who is engaged in the creamery business in 
Parkston; Grant, who married Miss Ora Page, 
deals in farm machinery in Clark, and Frank, 
who married Miss Sadie Keling, now deceased, 
is employed in the real-estate business in Clark. 



HON. E. D. WHEELOCK is one of the pio- 
neers of South Dakota, and has been actively 
identified with the industrial and general busi- 
ness interests of Codington county since its or- 
ganization. He is now one of the oldest settlers 
in the eastern part of the state, and it is but jus- 
tice to say that few, if any, have been more prom- 
inent than he in public affairs or have exerted 
greater influence upon its material, political and 
business history. 

E. D. Wheelock combines in his physical and 
mental make-up the best elements of New Eng- 
land manhood, coming of that good old colonial 
stock that figured so prominently in the struggle 
for independence and in the war of 1812. The 
Wheelock family is of English descent and was 
represented in this country at an early period, 
the American branch locating in Massachusetts, 
when the few scattered settlements were but 
niches in the almost impenetrable forests. Cyrus 



Wheelock was a son of Henry Wheelock, a 
farmer and cooper, who spent all his life in 
Massachusetts. Cyrus Wheelock, also a native of 
that state, was reared to agriculture, which he al- 
ways followed. He married Lois Ober, whose 
father, Peter Ober, also a descendant of an old 
Massachusetts family, served in the war of 1812, 
as did also Henry Wheelock, brother of Cyrus. 
Cyrus and Lois Wheelock reared a family of five 
children, three sons and two daughters. 

E. D. Wheelock. son of Cyrus, was born April 
5, 1847, in Johnson, Lemoille county, Vermont, 
and in 1854 was taken to McHenry county, Illi- 
nois, where he grew to maturity on a farm. After 
attending the common schools he entered an acad- 
emy at Wauconda, but soon laid aside his studies 
and, though but a youth of sixteen, enlisted in 
September, 1863, in Company G, Seventeenth 
Illinois Cavalry, and served until honorably dis- 
charged, in February, 1866, taking part in the 
campaigns in Missouri and the southwest, his 
command toward the latter part of the war being 
sent to quiet the hostile Indians in Kansas and 
Colorado. 

In 1866 Mr. Wheelock went to Iowa, thence 
the year following, to Steele county, Minnesota, 
locating near Owatanna, where he engaged in 
farming, which, with teaching, occupied his atten- 
tion during the ensuing ten years. ^leanwhile he 
learned the miller's trade, and followed the same 
at intervals, but his chief employment was agri- 
culture, which he prosecuted until 1878. In that 
year he came to Codington county and took up 
a homestead about three miles north of Water- 
town, but for the last fifteen years his principal 
business has been buying grain for the Atlas 
Elevator Company, of Minneapolis, in connection 
with which he carries on an extensive store at 
Kampeska, of which place he is also postmaster, 
having been appointed to the position in 1884, 
when the office was established. 

]\Tr. Wheelock carries a full line of general 
merchandise and commands a lucrative trade. 
He took an active interest in the organization of 
the county, served for nine years as a member of 
the board of coimty commissioners, and in 1805 
was elected to the upper house of the state legis- 




E. D. WHEELOCK. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



lature, where he earned the reputation of an able, 
discreet and judicious member. Mr. Wheelock 
has been prominent in the Repubhcan party, and 
his efforts have made him one of the party leaders 
in the count\-. He is a wide-awake, enterprising 
and progressive business man, and his public 
work has won him more than local repute. His 
loyalty is of that kind which subordinates other 
considerations to the puljlic good. He has been 
successful in his business and has an ample com- 
petence. 

Mr. Wheelock was married April lo, 1869. to 
]\Iiss Eliza McClelland, of Maine, but at that time 
a resident of Freeborn county, Minnesota. She 
is the daughter of William J. McClelland, one of 
the pioneers of that state, and has borne her hus- 
band eleven children, namely: Ruby L., wife of 
O. M. Brown, of Watertown ; Bertha S. married 

; Robert Lewis and lives in North Dakota ; Edwin 
I\I.. a traveling salesman; Nellie G., now Mrs. 
Fred 'SI. Ray, of North Dakota ; Emery F. ; Cy- 
rus J. : Dickinson O. ; Benjamin H. died Febru- 
ary 6. 1902, at the age of fourteen years: Clif- 
ford R. and Warren W., the last two still mem- 

! ters of the home circle. 

Mr. Wheelock is an enthusiastic member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic. In this connec- 
tion it may be proper to state that his father also 

j served from the beginning of the Civil war to 

I its close as a member of Company F, Ninety-fifth 
Illinois Infantry, and a brother. L. C. Wheelock, 
was also in the same command and distinguished 
himself. 



CHARLES K. THOMPSON, whose finely 
improved fann is located one and a half miles 
-north of Northville, Spink county, was born in 
Burlington, Kane county, Illinois, on the 2d of 
February, i860, and is a son of T. J. and Han- 
nah A. Thompson, both of whom were born in 
^^'est Virginia, the former being of English and 
Irish ancestry and the latter of English and 
W^elsh. When they were children they accom- 
panied their respective parents on their immigra- 
tion to Illinois, making the overland trip from 
West Virginia with wagons and becoming num- 



bered among the early settlers of Kane county, 
Illinois, where both were reared to maturity and 
where their marriage was solemnized. There 
the father of the subject continued to be 
identified with agricultural pursuits until 1881, 
when he came to South Dakota, where both he 
and his wife passed the residue of their long and 
useful lives, having been honored pioneers of 
Spink county. They were accompanied by their 
four sons and one daughter and all are still liv- 
ing in the state except the youngest son, who 
died in 189 1 in Northville, to which he had been 
removed while sick. 

Concerning the early experiences of the fam- 
ily in South Dakota we are gratified to be able 
to offer the following interesting little narrative, 
contributed by the subject of this sketch: "I 
came to the territory of Dakota in December, 
1880, and first set my font on the ice-fettered 
surface of the 'roaring Jim' river on Christmas 
day. I came through from Watertown by team, 
accompanied by my brother, J- R- Thompson, 
who is now engaged in the practice of medicine 
in Northville, and who had been in Spink county 
with our father during the preceding summer 
and broken a small portion on one of the claims 
which had been taken up, while they had erected 
a sod house and stable. Father desired to re- 
turn to the old home in Illinois for the winter, 
in the meanwhile making preparations for 
bringing the remainder of the family to the new 
home in the spring, together with the household 
effects and other requisite supplies. He thus re- 
quested me and my brother to come out and take 
care of the stock and keep the primitive little 
home cheerful during the intervening winter 
months. Well, I discovered forthwith that this 
was a big country and that the wind not only 
had a great sweep but also that it swept! The 
house had been roofed with boards covered with 
tarred paper, and to keep the latter in place 
stones had been placed on the corners. These 
were not, however, sufficient to hold the roof so 
closely to the sod as to prevent the gentle zephyrs 
from sifting the 'beautiful snow' under the edge 
of the roof and waking us from dreams of home 
and loved ones. This was the season known as 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



the winter of the big snow, and the snow covered 
our stable so completely that we were often 
compelled to feed our stock through an opening 
in the roof. As it was quite impossible for 
horses to travel in the snow nearly all travel was 
done on foot, by means of snow shoes. The 
snowfall being unusual, the settlers had not pre- 
pared for it, and their supply of flour was con- 
sumed long before spring opened, and in many 
cases wheat was taken miles to a neighbor who 
was fortunate in possessing a coffee-mill in which 
the cereal could be partially ground and thus 
made available for food. As for my brother 
and myself, we had buried near our house a 
quantity of potatoes which were being reserved 
for seed, and when necessity came we unearthed 
these tubers and fared on the same ven.' well for 
two or three weeks, having only salt to lend rel- 
ish. It is my opinion that at that time we were 
located farther to the west than any other settler 
in the county. At least we saw nothing to the 
west save occasionally a wolf or coyote. How- 
ever, on a certain day about a hundred antelope 
visited our ranch, and we succeeded in catching 
one of the number, being unable to shoot any of 
them as we had loaned our only gun to a neigh- 
bor. \\'e attempted to domesticate the animal 
which we had captured, endeavoring to teach it 
to eat hay and adapt itself to the customs of civ- 
ilization. Its refusal to comply with our in- 
structions brought it to an untimely end, as we 
were soon compelled to kill it. Finally came the 
advent of spring : floods came ; folks came ; flow- 
ers came; harvest came, and Dakota demon- 
strated that she was a land of glorious possibili- 
ties. All seemed to fall in love with their 
adopted homes and felt that this land of sun- 
shine had much to commend it to favor. While 
in the early days many stories went forth to 
frighten prospective settlers, the people of this 
vicinity have had but one genuine scare, which 
occurred in 1882. I remember that I had been 
to Watertown and having secured a ride back as 
far as the James river was proceeding thence on 
foot to my home, when I met a man and woman 
who were driving rapidly from the west with 
their team and wagon and who stopped long 



enough to inform me that the Indians were 
southwest of Northville and moving toward the 
town, on the warpath. This was somewhat dis- 
quieting news and I hurried along to Mellette, 
where I found the populace gathered at the 
postoffice. listening to the many rumors which 
were afloat concerning the Indian depredations. 
I flien hastened on to my parents' home and 
found some of the neighbors assembled there 
and provided with divers sorts of firearms, good, 
bad and indift'erent, while complete arrange- 
ments were being made for defense, so far as 
possible, against an attack. Northville sent out 
scouts and it was soon found that the alarm 
was without foundation, and peace and quiet 
soon reigned again. All these scares are things 
of the past and our section of the state is settled 
in the main by good, substantial citizens, who 
are in comfortable circumstances." 

Mr. Thompson received his early educational 
discipline in the public schools of Kane county, 
Illinois, having attended the high school in 
Geneva, and having supplemented this dis- 
cipline by effective study in Pingree Seminary 
and the Elgin Academy. He was -associated with 
his father in the management of the home farm 
until he had attained his legal majority, since 
which time he has been engaged in the same 
vocation for himself, having been prospered in 
his efforts and now having one of the attract- 
ive and well-improved farms of Spink county. 
He gave his support to the Republican party 
from the time of attaining his majority until the 
close of the first administration of President ]\lc- 
Kinley. since which time he has exercised his 
franchise and lent his influence in support of the 
Prohibition party. As a Republican, he was 
elected to represent his county in the state legis- 
lature in 1897, and in the session of the general 
assembly had the honor of assisting in the elec- 
tion of Hon. James H. Kyle to the United States 
senate. He was reared in the faith of the Wes- 
leyan Methodist church, of which both he and 
his wife are members. 

On the 2d of July, 1885. ]\Ir. Thompson was 
united in marriage to Miss Flora B. Torrence, 
who was born in Noble count^•, Ohio, on the 21st 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



155 



of ]\Iav, 1869, being a daughter of James and 
Sarah Jane Torrence, who were early settlers in 
Spink county. Mr. and Mrs. Thompson have 
five children, namely: Theos J., J. Gail, Lois H., 
Cita M. and John R. 



JOHN W. SCHULTZ. one of the leading 
merchants and representative citizens of Wes- 
sington, Beadle county, is a native of Germany, 
where he was born on the 23d of February, 
1835. After his father's death the widow came 
with her two sons and two daughters to America, 
the family locating in Cincinnati. Ohio, where 
she passed the remainder of her life, while of 
the children our subject is now the only sur- 
vivor. The early educational discipline of Mr. 
Schultz was secured in the excellent schools of 
his fatherland, and he was about fourteen years 
of age at the time of the family emigration to 
America. He thereafter attended the common 
schools in Cincinnati, Ohio, and effectively sup- 
plemented the training he had previously re- 
ceived. After attaining years of maturity he 
devoted his attention to farming in the old Buck- 
eye state until 1855, when he came west as a 
pioneer of the state of Iowa, locating in Du- 
buque, Dubuque county, where he was engaged 
in the mercantile business until 1882, in which 
year he came to what is now the state of South 
Dakota and became one of the early settlers of 
Wessington, where he was engaged in the gen- 
eral merchandise business until 1885, when he 
removed to Hand county, which lies contigu- 
ous on the west of Beadle county, and there suc- 
cessfully continued farming until 1897, when he 
returned to Wessington, where he now controls 
the most extensive mercantile business in this 
section, drawing his trade from a wide radius 
of country and having the confidence and esteem 
of the people of this locality, where he has made 
his home for so many years. He is a straight- 
forward and reliable business man, urbane and 
courteous at all times and his name is a synonym 
of honor and integrity wherever he is known. 
He has ever been a stalwart advocate of the prin- 
ciples and policies for which the Republican 



party stands sponsor, and has been an active 
worker in its cause. In 1894 he represented 
Hand county in the state senate, where he made 
a most creditable record. Though he was can- 
didate on the Republican ticket in the preceding 
election his personal popularity was such as to 
enable him to overcome the large Populist ma- 
jority which was normally given in Hand county 
at that period, and his election was a merited 
tribute of popular esteem and good will. He 
also served one term as a member of the board 
of commissioners of Hand county. He is 
identified with the Masonic fraternity and the 
Ancient Order of I'nited Workmen. 



DUNC.A.N EARL, one of the successful 
farmers and honored citizens of Davison county, 
is a native of the dominion of Canada, having 
been born in the province of Ontario, on the 
20th of August, 1848. and being a son of Hiram 
and .'\nn (Thompson) Earl, both of whom were 
likewise native of Canada, the former being of 
English lineage and the latter of Scotch. They 
became the parents of twelve children, eight of 
whom arc living, while the subject of this sketch 
is the only representative of the family in South 
Dakota. 

Duncan Earl received his educational disci- 
pline in the schools of his native province, where 
he was reared to manhood and where he con- 
tinued to follow various pursuits until August 13, 
1882, when he came to the territory of Dakota 
and took up government land in Davison county 
and also purchased deeded lands, now having a 
farm of six hundred and forty acres of most ara- 
ble and valuable land, and having three hundred 
and fifteen acres under eiTective cultivation, while 
the permanent improvements are of substantial 
nature, indicating the progressive spirit and 
good management of the owner, who has ever 
been known as a man of indefatigable industry 
and sterling character. He is a stanch Repub- 
lican in politics, and both he and his wife are 
devoted members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, in whose work he takes a very active 
interest, being a member of the board of trus- 



1 156 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



fees of the church of this denomination at Mount 
Vernon, which is his postoffice address. 

On the i8th of February, 1885, Mr. Earl 
was united in marriage to Miss Abigail Higgin- 
son, who was born in the province of Ontario, 
Canada, being a daughter of William and Can- 
dace (Atcheson) Higginson, her father having 
been a prominent farmer and miller and having 
accumulated a fortune through his own efforts, 
iiis estate being valued at twenty thousand dol- 
lars at the time of his death. Mr. and Mrs. Earl 
have one son, Lome Talmage, who was born on 
the 27th day of February, 1891, and who has 
been afforded excellent educational advantages. 
Mr. Earl is public-spirited and progressive, his 
name is a synonym of honor and integrity and 
he commands the implicit confidence of the com- 
munity in which he has resided for more than 
a score of vears. 



OLAl'S L. HANSON, a successful farmer 
of Yankton county, is a native son of the state 
and a representative of one of its honored 
pioneer families. He was born in Yankton 
county, territory of Dakota, on the 12th of Oc- 
tober, 1867, and is a son of Lars and Anne Han- 
son, jDoth of whom were Ixim in Norway. Lars 
Hanson was born September 22, 1836, and in 

1865 was solemnized his marriage to Miss Anne 
Olson, who was born February- 10, 1839. In 

1866 they emigrated to America and came forth- 
with to the territory of Dakota, locating on the 
faim which has ever since remained their home, 
the same being on section 19, range 54, township 
94, Yankton county, about two miles northeast 
of the village of Mission Hill. They were 
among the early settlers in the county and Mr. 
Hanson secured his land by government entry, 
while by well-directed industry he has attained 
success and is one of the highly esteemed citizens 
of the county. 

The subject of this review received his early 
education in the public schools of Yankton 
countv and continued to assist in the work and 
management of the home farm until he had at- 
tained the age of twentv-one vears, when he en- 



gaged in drilling artesian wells, to which line of 
enterprise he devoted his attention for three 
years, after which he farmed on rented land until 
1898, when he purchased a farm of one hundred 
and sixty acres, in township 94, range 34, where 
he continued in agricultural pursuits for the en- 
suing three years, at the expiration of which he 
sold the property and purchased another farm of 
equal area, in townsliip 94, range 55, about one 
and one-half miles distant from Mission Hill, 
where he is now successfully engaged in general 
farming and stock growing. 

In politics Mr. Hanson is a Republican and 
from his youth up he has been a member of the 
Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran church at Mis- 
sion Hill, of which his wife likewise is a devoted 
member. 

On the 14th of October, 1896, Mr. Hanson 
married Miss Hulda Matilda Hanson, who was 
born in Yankton county, July I, 1878, being a 
daughter of Nicholas and Ingeborg Hanson, and 
of this union have been born three children, 
whose names with respective dates of birth are 
here entered: Norman Ixroy, July 19, 1897; 
Agnes Isabel, June 17, 1899; ''"'^ Hannah Olivia, 
September 22, 1901. 



CHARLES W. McDonald, who is the 
honored judge of Jerauld county and a dis- 
tinguished member of the bar of the state, was 
born in St. Joseph county, Indiana, on the 23th 
of July, 1845, being a son of Jeremiah and Elea- 
nor (Almeda) McDonald, to whom were born 
three sons and one daughter. The father of the 
subject was a master ship carpenter, and was 
born and reared in the state of Vermont, whence 
he removed to Indiana prior to the advent af rail- 
roads in the middle states. He died at Abilene, 
Kansas, while his wife died in the Hoosier state. 
The subject of this review completed the cur- 
riculum of the common schools of his native state 
and then entered the celebrated University of 
Michigan, at Ann Arbor, where he continued his 
studies for two years. He studied law under 
an able preceptor in Mishawaka, Indiana, and 
has ever lieen a close reader in a technical line, 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1157 



so that he is thoroughly well informed in the 
science of jurisprudence, having not only gained 
I precedence as a strong trial lawyer and con- 
servative counsel, but having also been signally 
I fair and impartial in his rulings on the bench, 
his decisions being based upon the proper ap- 
plication of the law and equity involved. He 
' came to what is now the state of South Da- 
' kota in 1873 and in the year 1877 was admitted 
to the bar of the territory of D&kota. He lo- 
i cated in the city of Sioux Falls, where he con- 
tinned in the practice of his profession until 
1882, and in that place he was also the editor 
and publisher of the Sioux Falls Independent, 
which was subsequently merged into the Daily 
Press, which remains one of the important papers 
of the state. In March, 1882, Judge McDonald 
': came to Wessington Springs, where he has since 
I maintained his home and where he has been in 
the active practice of his profession save for the 
period which has represented his service on the 
j bench. Upon the organization of Jerauld 
j county, in 1884, he was appointed clerk of the 
1 district court, and continuously held this office 
I until the admission of South Dakota to the 
i Union. He was elected state's attorney for 
! Jerauld county in 1890, again in 1896 and re- 
I elected in 1898. During two years, 1877-8, he 
was probate judge of Minnehaha county. He 
j was elected county judge of Jerauld county in 
1900 and in 1902 he was again elected to this 
, dignified and responsible office, of which he is 
in tenure at the time of this writing. The Judge 
; is a stalwart advocate of the principles and 
\ policies of the Republican party and has been a 
prominent figure in its councils in the territory 
and state. He is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, his wife of the Free Methodist 
i church, and fraternally he is identified with the 
: Masonic order. It may be noted at this juncture 
that Jerauld county was organized and settled 
by temperance people, and there had never been 
a saloon within its borders from the time of its 
' erection until 1903. The subject is an uncom- 
promising advocate of temperance and of the 
prohibition of the liquor traffic through legal 
measures. 



In 1866 Judge McDonald was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Clara P. Burr, of Mansfield, Ohio, 
who died in 1879, being survived by one son, 
Willis P)., who is now a resident of California. 
( )ii the 17th of August. 1882. the Judge wedded 
Miss Fanny M. Tofflemire, of Wessington 
Springs, South Dakota, and they are the parents 
of five children, namely : Robert F., Qiarles E., 
Walter H., Leigh L. and Almeda. 



GEORGE AMASA PERLEY is a native of 
the state of Wisconsin, having been born near 
the village of Marquette, in what is now known 
as Green Lake county, on the i8th of Novem- 
ber, 1849. His father, Stephen Bartlett Perley, 
was born in North Sanbornton. Merrimac 
county. New Flampshire, and his wife, whose 
maiden name was Sarah E. ^^'ells. was born in 
P.radford, Susquehanna Cdunty. Pennsylvania, 
both being of Puritan ancestry. The father of 
the subject began his independent career as a 
fanner on his own land, on which now stands 
the village of Clinton Junction, Rock county, 
Wisconsin, of which state he was a pioneer 
settler. The subject relates appreciatively the 
following incidents in regard to his honored 
father : "When I was a child my father was 
often spoken of as 'Old Ironsides,' by reason of 
his physical prowess and agility. We had a 
large horse, weighing sixteen hundred pounds, 
and so great was its height that a young man 
employed by my father found it impossible to 
spring on the back of the animal from the 
ground. Father was a man of about six feet 
in height and at that time was fifty-five years 
of age. He stepped to the side of the horse, 
gave a spring and passed clear over the steed, 
with perfect ease, landing squarely on his feet 
on the opposite side. Near Schoolcraft, Michi- 
gan, in 1845, he mowed with a scythe forty 
acres of timothy hay in thirteen straight days, — 
an average of more than three acres a day. He 
was an accomplished vocalist, possessing a fine 
tenor voice, and he was for some time a member 
of a church choir in the city of Albany, New 
York, where he was at the time employed in a 



t58 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



spike factory, in which were made the spikes 
used in the construction of the first railroad 
built in the United States." 

M. \'. B. Perley, of Georgetown, Massa- 
chusetts, has traced tlie genealogy -of the Perley 
family, through church and railitarv' records, 
back to the middle ages and into Hungarv'. The 
coat of arms shows a shield embellished with a 
depiction of some sort of fruit, and the motto 
used in the connection is "E fructibus noscitis 
eos," meaning "By their fruits ye shall know 
them." Allen Perley, a native of Wales, landed 
at Charlestown, Massachusetts, July 12, 1630, 
and from him the direct line of descent to the 
subject is traced through Thomas,. Jacob, Jacob 
(2d), John (who was killed in the war of the 
Revolution), Nathaniel and Stephen B., the last 
mentioned being the father of the subject of this 
review. There are today about one thousand 
Perley descendants in the United States. 

George A. Perley received an academic edu- 
cation in the Wesleyan Methodist Seminary, at 
Wasioja. Minnesota, the greater portion of this 
discipline having been secured after he had at- 
tained manhood. Having been previously in the 
employ of an experienced English editor and 
appreciating the handicap entailed by ignorance, 
he devoted a few years to arduous study and 
found thereby a new world of thought and a 
wider sphere of existence and action. He gave 
up his studies, however, in the spring of 1876, 
having succumbed to a vigorous attack of 
"western fever." In April of that year he ar- 
rived at the conclusion that the life of the 
farmer was the most independent of all, if the 
fortunate individual could own his own farm and 
be free from debt. He made a prompt decision 
one evening, and the next morning started on 
foot for the nearest railway station, that of 
Dodge Center, Minnesota, whence he started for 
the great territory of Dakota. After reaching 
Worthington, Minnesota, he went farther inland 
on foot, and by securing an occasional ride with 
freighters' teams, finally reached what is now 
Moody county, the locality being then seventy 
miles distant from any railroad, while there were 
onlv three white families settled at Flandreau 



at the time. He took up a homestead and a tree 
claim, and has developed the property into one 
of the best farms in this section of the state, 
while he also owns an additional eighty acres of 
school land, which he purchased a number of 
years later, his homestead being located in 
Grovena township and four miles southeast of 
the thriving city of Flandreau. Of his life and 
labors here we can not do better than to quote 
the words of our subject himself: "Here I have 
tried to live as independently as possible, even 
to the part played in the field of politics. In the 
early days a political nomination was equivalent 
to an election, and party managers carried offices 
in their vest-pockets. Public improvements 
were extravagantly forwarded by shouldering 
bonded indebtedness on those as yet unborn. 
These principles I considered radically wrong, 
and I joined with others in bringing about a 
reformatory movement through the organiza- 
tion of the Populist party, which finally became 
defunct, through the compromising work of a 
few who were willing to sacrifice principle for 
the sake of the possibility of securing office at the 
hands of fusion. During the Civil war the prices 
of labor and all kinds of commodities were ven.^ 
much above the usual level, and after the close 
of the great conflict a reaction naturally ensued. 
At this time, for the conservation of their own 
interests, an organized eflEort was advocated 
among the farmers and resulted in the establish- 
ing of the Patrons of Husbandry and the Grange. 
'Pay as you go, and buy less' was the title of 
my first paper read before a local assembly of one 
of these organizations, and by following the plan 
I thus advocated it has been possible for me 
to keep on safe ground ever since. I had not 
been long a resident of the territory before we 
organized a Farmers' Alliance, while later we 
organized a citizens' constitutional association, 
having in view the interests of sta'tehood. In 
this connection we voiced our sentiments at Can- 
ton, on the occasion of the first general meeting 
for the consideration of the matter of securing 
admission to the Union. In the last of the ter- 
ritorial days we had a Moody county legislative 
association, the same having been projected 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



"59 



mainly for the purpose of making an organized 
effort against the everlasting bonding system 
which townsite proprietors were so inconsist- 
ently using at that time, prejudicial to the best 
interests of the people. In September, 1889, I 
was assigned work as local observer in connec- 
tion with the United States signal service, and 
have ever since held this position. I have been 
secretary of the Farmers' Mutual Fire and 
Lightning Insurance Company of Moody county 
from the time of its inception, in 1889, and also 
hold a similar position in the Co-operative Grain 
Elevator Company. In 1903 a farmers' tele- 
phone system has been installed, the lines cover- 
ing a distance of twenty-six miles, and -this 
service, owned and controlled by the farmers, 
meets with marked appreciation and affords 
facilities of great convenience and practical value, 
effectively supplementing the rural free mail de- 
livery and standing in marked contrast to the 
advantages we enjoyed in the pioneer days." 

In politics Mr. Perley maintains an independ- 
ent attitude, and while he has a deep reverence 
for the spiritual verities he is an avowed agnos- 
tic, showing in this regard the courage of his 
convictions, as does he in all other relations of 
life. His family attend the Methodist Episcopal 
church and contribute to its support. Of his life 
and labors Mr. Perley has further spoken as fol- 
lows : "As a young man I decided to try to do 
something as a teacher in the public schools and 
to thus make the world better for my having 
existence. The continual strife for a position 
and the dependent nature of the profession in- 
clined me to adopt the noble vocation of farm- 
ing, since in that I could tell the truth and ask 
no favors. I found an open field that needed 
working, in both politics and finance, and have 
occasionally endeavored to lift some of the bur- 
dens resting on the people. There is a grand 
opportunity for labor on both sumptuary and 
religious questions affecting the human welfare, 
but the task looks so hopeless that one hesitates 
to devote his energies to work along these lines. 
As labor becomes more irksome I shall use my 
poetic genius in the field of song. At present I 
will close with this inspiration as a finale good 



to sing over the grave of this portion of the 
great American desert of my boyhood : 

This old desert of a plain, 
With its many fields of grain, 
With its horses, hogs, and cattle yet 
unsold. 
Causes me to sing the strain, 
While in plenty falls the rain, 
We are happy with our grasses, grain 
and gold. 

On the 20th of July, 1880, in the city of 
Sioux Falls, this state, Mr. Perley was united 
in marriage to Miss Emma Rebecah Irish, who 
was born and reared in Dbdge county, Min- 
nesota, and who was for a number of temis a 
successful teacher in the public schools of 
Woodbury county, Iowa, holding a first-grade 
certificate, and who is a sister of the noted 
orator, Hon. John B. Irish, of Downieville, Cali- 
fornia. The first American ancestor of the Irish 
family came to this country from Wales, and he 
was for a time in the employ of Miles Standish, 
whose name is so well known in history and 
story. :\Ir. and Mrs. Perley have two children, 
namely: A daughter. Iva Chrysoma, born July 
14, 1881, who is in her third year at the State 
University at Vermillion. The son, Stephen 
Elton, who was born March 12, 1883, has ended 
his first year's study at the Brookings Agricul- 
tural College. 



JOHN CRAIGON BAIRD is a native of 
Green Lake county, Wisconsin, the son of John 
and Mary (McAdam) Baird, and he dates his 
birth from the 8th day of February, 1858. 
Reared on a farm and early taught the lessons of 
industry and thrift which makes that pursuit 
successful, he grew up with a full appreciation 
of life and its responsibilities, and after acquir- 
ing a fair education in the common schools, he 
entered at the age of eighteen a store, where he 
spent three strenuous years, during which time 
he became familiar with the varied details of the 
mercantile business. Resigning his clerkship at 
the expiration of the period noted, he came to 
South Dakota and settling in Hanson county. 



ii6o 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



spent some time as manager of a branch store 
belonging to William Van Epps, of Sioux Falls, 
South Dakota. Severing his connection with 
those gentlemen, he changed his abode to 
Douglas county and filed on a homestead, chos- 
ing for his location a fine tract of land about 
three and a half miles east of Armour, which 
he at once began to improve and for which in 
due season he acquired a title from the govern- 
ment. Shortly after selecting his homestead Mr. 
Baird revisited his native state, and while there 
was married, in 1879, to Miss Ella Whittemore, 
who was also born and reared in Wisconsin. 
Returning to South Dakota a little later, he took 
up, in 1880, his permanent abode on the land 
already referred to and since that time has 
greatly improved the same, besides adding at 
intervals to its area, until he now owns a fine 
tract of four hundred and eighty acres, one hun- 
dred and sixty of which are in a successful 
state of cultivation. 

Mr. Baird is an up-to-date agriculturist, well 
acquainted with the nature of soils and their 
adaptability to different crops, and. employing 
modern methods and the latest and most ap- 
proved implements and machinery, he realizes 
bountiful returns from the time and labor ex- 
pended on his farm. He is also engaged quite 
largely in the live-stock business, raising large 
numbers of cattle, horses and hogs, from the 
sale of which is derived no small part of his in- 
come. He has made many valuable improve- 
ments on his place, has a substantial and at- 
tractive residence and good outbuildings and his 
home, situated in one of the finest sections of 
Douglas county, indicates the dwelling place 
of not only a man of enterprise and progressive 
ideas, but a gentleman of intelligence, sound 
judgment and excellent taste, as well. Person- 
ally, he enjoys great popularity among his neigh- 
bors and friends and as a citizen he is public- 
spirited and a leader in all laudable movements. 
He served eight or nine years as school clerk, 
also held the office of township supervisor for a 
considerable length of time and is now town- 
ship treasurer. 

Politically he is a pronounced Democrat, and 



fraternally is identified with the Masonic brother- 
hood, the order of Maccabees and the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. 

Mr. and Mrs. Baird have a family of eight 
children, whose names in order of birth are as 
follows : Grace, \\'alter. John R., Maude, Rob- 
ert. Agnes, Frank and Pearl, all living. 



PAUL HEINTZ, one of the successful 
farmers and representative citizens of Moody 
county, comes of stanch German lineage and 
is himself a native of the state of Minnesota, 
having been born in Stearns county, on the 15th 
of October, 1859. He is a son of Peter and 
Margaret (Till) Heintz, the former of whom 
was born and reared in Luxembourg, Germany, 
and he continued to be there engaged in farm- 
ing until his emigration to America, at the age 
of twenty-five years. He was for a number of 
years engaged in farming in Minnesota, whence 
he came to Moody county. South Dakota, in 
1874. here taking up a half section of govern- 
ment land and improving the same, becoming 
one of the prominent and successful fanners of 
this section, where he passed the remainder of 
his long and signally useful life, being eighty- 
two years of age at the time of his death, which 
occurred May 16, iqoi. He originally gave his 
allegiance to the Democratic party, but in later 
years supported the principles and policies of 
the Republican party. His religious faith was 
that of the Roman Catholic church, of which his 
venerable widow is likewise a devoted member. 
She now resides in Flandreau and is eighty-four 
years of age at the time of this writing, in 1903. 
Of this union were born ten children, and six 
of the number are still living. 

The subject of this sketch received his early 
educational training in the public schools of 
his native state and was a lad of fifteen years at 
the time of the family removal to what is now 
the state of South Dakota. He was reared to 
maturity on the home farm in Moody county 
and eventually engaged in farming on his own 
account. He now has a finely improved and 
valuable ranch of one hundred and sixtv acres. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



in Grovena township, his home being located 
four miles south and one east of the thriving 
village of Flandreau, which is his postoffice ad- 
dress. Nearly the entire acreage of his fann is 
under cultivation and he also devotes no little j 
attention to the raising of a fine grade of short- ■ 
horn cattle and other live stock. In politics he 
is found prominently arrayed in the ranks of the 
Populist party, and takes a public-spirited inter- 
est in the issues of the day and particularly in 
local affairs. He has served as director and 
treasurer of his school district, as a member of 
the board of township trustees and as overseer 
of roads, these various preferments indicating 
the high esteem in which he is held in the com- 
munity in which he has passed the major por- 
tion of his life. He is a communicant of the 
Roman Catholic church, his wife belonging to 
the Methodist, and fraternally he is identified ] 
with the lodge of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen at Flandreau. 

On the 5th of January, 1890, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Heintz to Miss Rosa 

Belle Roberts, daughter of Asahel and 

(Hawkins) Roberts, well-known residents of 
this county, and they are the parents of four 
children, namely ; Beulah, Doris, Wallace and 
Marv. 



FRANK H. CRAIG, supervising mechanic 
in connection with the Indian school maintained 
at Greenwood, Charles Mix coimty, is a native 
of the domain of Canada, having been born near 
the city of Toronto, on the 28th of December, 
1845, ^nd being a son of Davis C. and Mary J. 
(Witherel) Craig, both of whom were born and 
reared in the state of New York, whence they 
removed to Canada, where they maintained their 
home about eleven years, the father having been 
a farmer and mechanic. In 1854 the family re- 
moved to Elliota, Minnesota, locating in Fill- 
more county, where the parents continued to re- 
side until 1881, when they came to South Da- 
kota, where the father of our subject took up 
government land, in Fillmore county, there pass- 
ing the remainder of his life. He died in June, 



1901, his devoted wife having passed away in 
September of the preceding year. They became 
the parents of seven children, of whom four 
are living, all being residents of South Dakota. 
In early life Davis C. Craig was a Whig in 
politics, but he identified himself with the Re- 
publican party at the time of its organization 
and was ever afterward a supporter of its cause. 
He "enlisted as a member of Company C, Third 
Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, at the outbreak 
of the Civil war, and was in active service about 
four years. It may also be noted in the connec- 
tion that the subject of this sketch enlisted in 
Company A, Second Minnesota Cavalry, with 
which he served about two and one-half years, 
principally under General Sully and in connec- 
tion with the Indian warfare in the northwest. 
He received his honorable discharge on the 4th 
of April, 1866, having made an excellent record 
as a valiant and loyal soldier. 

Frank H. Craig received a common-school 
education and was about nine years of age at 
the time of his parents' removal to Minnesota, 
where he was variously employed for a number 
of years, finally becoming identified with railroad 
work, in which he was engaged up to the time 
of coming to South Dakota, from Chicago, in 
1879. He took up a homestead claim in Spink 
county, on the i6th of June of that year, and 
there continued to reside until 1891, having been 
one of the early settlers of the county and one 
of its popular and influential citizens. He 
erected the first frame house in the county, and 
the same was -used for some time as a court 
house. He served for five years as a member 
of the board of county commissioners and held 
other local ofiices of trust, including those of 
justice of the peace, while he was for many years 
a school official. In politics he gives an un- 
wavering allegiance to the Republican party and 
has been an active worker in its cause. Fra- 
ternally he is identified with Frankfort Lodge, 
No. 7y, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; 
Redfield Chapter, No. 20, Royal Arch Masons; 
Frankfort Lodge, No. 83, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, and to Sol Meredith Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 



Il62 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



In 1891 Mr. Craig disposed of his interests 
in Spink county and took up his residence in 
Greenwood, where he has since held the posi- 
tion of government mechanic at the Indian 
school, in which connection he has accomphshed 
a most satisfactory work. He is the owner of 
a fine ranch of five hundred and eighty-five 
acres in Boyd county, Nebraska, and he is also 
the owner of a fine herd of cattle on his ranch in 
Nebraska. He has attained success since com- 
ing to Dakota and is one of the loyal and public- 
spirited citizens of the state. 

On the 4th of July, 1868, at Harmony, Fill- 
more county, Minnesota, Mr. Craig was mar- 
ried to Miss Eliza M. Craig, who was born and 
reared in Canada, being a daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Craig, the former being a farmer by 
vocation. Of this union were born eight chil- 
dren, namely: Leslie, Herbert, Qaud and Neva, 
who are deceased; Harold, who remains at the 
parental home, as do also James E., Bessie and 
Earl F. 



ELISHA K. THOMPSON, one of the 
honored pioneers of Charles Mix county, was 
bom in Meigs county, Ohio, on the i8th of 
March, 1822, being a son of Reuben and 
Falindie (Kent) Thompson, both of whom were 
born in the state of New York, while they be- 
came the parents of five children, of whom two 
are living. The father of the subject devoted 
his life to agricultural pursuits, and both 
he and his wife died in Ohio. The pa- 
ternal ancestors on both sides were of 
colonial stock and both families were rep- 
resented by valiant soldiers in the war of 
the Revolution, assisting in gaining the boon of 
independence. Elisha K. Thompson received a 
common-school education and was reared on the 
homestead farm to the age of seventeen years, 
when he came west to Illinois, where he worked 
as a farm hand and ran on the Mississippi river 
until his marriage, in 1847. He resided on his 
farm in Ohio until 1861, when he went to White- 
side county, Illinois, where he purchased land, 
to whose cultivation he devoted his attention 



about eight years. He then moved to Lyndon, 
Illinois, where he invested in a pump works. In 
1877 he disposed of the property and moved to 
Iowa, where he purchased a farm in Sac county, 
where he continued to follow agricultural pur- 
suits for the ensuing five years, or until 1882, 
when he came to South Dakota and took up a 
homestead claim in Charles Mix county, and 
on this property, now finely improved, he has 
ever since continued to reside. When he came 
to the county the settlers were few, and the In- 
dians were found in the vicinity in considerable 
numbers, but he found them at all times peace- 
able and kindly. During the first season of 
his residence in the county Mr. Thompson states 
that he secured the best sod crops ever raised in 
any locality, but the several years of drought 
which followed brought financial ruin to many 
of the settlers in this section. A radical change 
later ensued, the rainfall being more copious 
and regular, so that crop failures are practically 
a thing of the past. Mr. Thompson has one 
of the most attractive homes in the county, hav- 
ing a substantial and commodious residence, 
around which he has succeeded in raising some 
very fine maple and cedar trees, which he per- 
sonally planted and which have now attained 
such a size as to make the home a picturesque 
and beautiful one. In politics he was originally 
a supporter of the Whig party, but upon the 
organization of the Republican party he trans- 
ferred his allegiance to the same and has ever 
since been a stalwart advocate of its principles. 
He has been a zealous member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church for the past sixty years, and 
his loved and devoted wife has also been a zeal- 
ous worker in and a member of the church. 

On the 13th of June, 1847, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Thompson to Miss Nancy 

1 Oilman, who was born and reared in Meigs 
county, Ohio, being a daughter of Henry Gil- 

! man, a prominent farmer of that locality, where 
he also conducted a large saddlery business for 
many years. Mr. and Mrs. Thompson became 
the parents of six children, one of whom died in 
infancy. Of the others we ofifer the following 
brief record : Reuben died at the age of eleven 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1 163 



years; Nancy died at the age of ten years; 
Emma is the wife of Henry Van Schoonhoven, 
a prominent farmer of Charles Mix county ; 
Edward, who married Miss Luki Tenny, is en- 
gaged in the livery business at Platte, this 
county; and Josephine is the wife of Clarence 
Vermillion, the leading dry-goods merchant in 
the citv of Mitchell, this state. 



ROBERT GORDON, a well-known farmer 
and stock raiser of Yankton county, was born 
in northern Ireland on the 15th of September, 
1833, his parents being John and Mai^ (Cane) 
Gordon, who spent their entire lives on the 
Emerald Isle, the father there devoting his 
energies to farming. In 1856 Mr. Gordon of 
this review came to the new world. He had been 
educated in his native country and he was 
trained to habits of industry and frugality. As 
a young man of twenty-three years he crossed 
the Atlantic and settled in Rhode Island, where 
he was first employed in a sugar refinery, oc- 
cupying a position for four years. On the ex- 
piration of that period he removed to Lenawee 
county, Michigan, where he purchased forty 
acres of land, continuing its cultivation for four 
years. He next spent one summer upon a farm 
in Wisconsin and afterward removed to Porter 
count}', Indiana, locating near Valparaiso. 
Twelve years covers the period of his connection 
with the farming interests of the Hoosier state 
and the year 1878 witnessed his arrival in South 
Dakota. Pie has since lived in this portion of 
the country and as the years have gone by he 
has gradually advanced until he now occupies an 
enviable position upon the plane of affluence. 

In 1856 Mr. Gordon was united in marriage 
to Miss A. J. Barnes, a daughter of David and 
Hannah (Speers) Bames, who were natives of 
Scotland and spent their entire lives in the land 
of the hills and heather. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon 
have become the parents of eight children: 
John, who married Lucy Robinson and is a 
farmer; David, who is represented elsewhere in 
this work; James, who married Anna Barnes 
and is also engaged in farming: William, who 



wedded Mary Christopherson and is operating 
the home place; Mollie, the deceased wife of W. 
J. Mann, an agriculturist ; and three, who have 
passed away. 

Mr. Gordon owns three hundred and twenty 
acres of rich land, of which one hundred acres is 
pasture land. He is a general farmer and also 
raises stock, handling Hereford cattle and 
Poland-China hogs, of a high grade. He has 
also bought and sold stock, having all of his farm 
products raised for this purpose. In his business 
he has prospered because of his unremitting dili- 
gence and his honorable methods. He is straight- 
forward in all of his dealings and has never been 
known to take advantage of the necessities of 
his fellow men in any trade transaction. He has 
planted all of the trees upon his place and his 
splendidly developed property stands as a monu- 
ment to his thrift and enterprise. For four 
}ears he lost all that he raised because of the 
grasshoppers and though many a man of less 
resolute spirit would have been utterly discour- 
aged he continued in his labors, working dili- 
gently year after year until success has now 
crowned his labors. He is a member of the Con- 
gregational church and at all times his life has 
been in consistent harmony with his professions 
so that he is a gentleman of sterling worth, his 
name being synonymous with integrity. 



GEORGE BEATCH, one of the success- 
ful representatives of the agricultural and stock- 
growing industries of Hanson county, is a native 
of Houston county, Minnesota, where he was 
born on the i6th of October, 1871, being a son 
of John and Annie (Goetzinger) Beatch, both of 
whom were born and reared in Gennany. The 
father of the subject came to America in 1854 
and located in the state of Ohio, where he was 
engaged in farming for four years, at the ex- 
piration of which he removed to Minnesota, tak- 
ing up government land in Houston county and 
becoming one of the successful pioneer farmers 
of that section, where he continued to make his 
home until 1882, when he came with his family 
to Hanson county. South Dakota, where he and 



1 164 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



his sons took up government land under the 
homestead laws, being now associated in the 
ownership of a fine farm of two hundred and 
forty acres, of which one hundred and ten are 
under cultivation. The subject is also one of 
tJie successful stock raisers of the county, where 
he has been indefatigable in his efforts, assist- 
ing in developing the great resources of this sec- 
tion of the state. His boyhood days were passed 
on the homestead farm in Minnesota, in whose 
public schools he secured his early educational 
training, later attending the schools in South 
Dakota. He is one of a family of eight children, 
the others being Fhilip, Maggie, Kate, John, 
Mary. Minnie and Annie, and the parents and 
all the children are residents of South Dakota. 
Mr. Beat ch is a Democrat in his political pro- 
clivities ; fraternally is identified with Spencer 
Lodge, No. 47, Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, at Spencer, South Dakota, of which his 
brother John is likewise a member, while the 
familv are valued members of the Lutheran 
church. 



DAVID S. GORDON, a native of the mid- 
dle west, manifests in his life the spirit of 
activity and energy so typical of this section of 
the country. He was born in Lanawee county, 
]\Iichigan, July 20, 1863, ^"d is of Scotch-Irish 
lineage, the family originating in Scotland, 
although Robert and Jane (Barnes) Gordon, 
the parents of the subject, came to America from 
the north of Ireland. It was in the year 1857 
that the father crossed the Atlantic and took up 
his abode in Rhode Island, where he remained 
for four years, removing then to Michigan in 
1861. Purchasing a farm in Lenawee county he 
continued its cultivation for two years and then 
he sold his property and went to Wisconsin. 
After a short time, however, he removed to In- 
diana in 1865 and bought a farm in Porter 
county, making it his home for a few years. For 
four years he lived in Lake county, that state, 
where he also carried on agricultural pursuits 
and in 1878 he brought his family to South 
Dakota, establishing: his home in Yankton 



county. Here he purchased three hundred and 
twenty acres of government land, upon which 
not a furrow had been turned or an improve- 
ment made. He built a shanty and also a dug- 
out and four years later he erected a nice resi- 
dence. He has also built large barns upon his 
place and still occupies the old homestead, which 
he has developed into a splendid farming prop- 
erty, its rich fields and excellent improvements 
giving evidence of his careful supervision and 
enterprising spirit. Both he and his wife are 
members of the Congregational church and in 
its work he takes an active and helpful part. 
His political faith is that of the Republican party. 
Unto Mr. and ^Irs. Gordon have been born 
seven children : Hannah, who died in infancy, 
as did the second child ; R. J., who married Miss 
Dunlap and after her death wedded Lucy Robin- 
son, his home being now in Viborg, South Da- 
kota. He has a family of four children and he 
owns eleven hundred and twenty acres of land, 
but is living retired in the enjoyment of the 
fruits of his former toil. Mary J., born Novem- 
ber 3, 1861, became the wife of M. J. Mann, who 
has resided in South Dakota since 1886 and is 
now a farmer of Yankton county. They had 
four children and on the 15th of May, 1902, Mrs. 
Mann departed this life. David is the next 
younger. James B. wedded Mrs. Mallons and is 
a farmer of Edwards county. South Dakota. He 
had three children, of whom two are now de- 
ceased. William C. married ]\lary Qiristoperson 
and has three children, their home being on the 
old homestead. All of the children were pro- 
vided with good educational privileges and three 
of the number have been successful teachers. 
]\Irs. Gordon died November 2, 1903. 

Like the others of the family, David S. 
Gordon attended the public schools and _ in his 
youth he was also trained to the work of the 
home farm, remaining with his father until 
nineteen years of age, when he began teaching 
school. When twenty years of age he rented a 
farm and thus continued to operate land for 
several years. In the spring of 1884 he bought 
one hundred and sixty acres on Clay creek, 
Yankton countv, all of which was wild, but he 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



165 



has placed many improvements upon the land, 
has built a fine residence, a large and substantial 
barn, has planted trees and now has a very de- 
sirable property, attractive in appearance. His 
farm comprises altogether two hundred acres 
and in connection with the cultivation of the 
fields he raises high grades of cattle and hogs. 

On the 20th of April, 1899, Mr. Gordon was 
uniteil in marriage to Miss Bertha, a daughter of 
John H. and Elizabeth (Hormel) Rinker, both 
of whom were natives of Iowa and at an early 
day came to South Dakota. The father was 
identified with agricultural interests for many 
years and became a well-known farmer but is 
now living in Sioux Falls. His wife, however, 
has passed away. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Gordon 
have been born three children : Ethel E., whose 
birth occurred January 15, 1901 ; Adaline M., 
who was born September 20, 1902, and Robert 
J., born July 10. 1903. Mr. Gordon endorses 
the principles of the Republican part\- by cast- 
ing his ballot for its candidates. 



FRED JACOBS.— The sons of Switzerland 
have ever been noted for courage and fortitude 
and for loyalty to their honest convictions and 
the life record of Fred Jacobs exemplifies those 
sterling traits of character which have ever 
marked the sons of the Swiss nation. He was 
born in Berne on the 15th of April. 1844, and is 
a son of John Jacobs, who never left his native 
country. The subject acquired a good education 
there and lived a life of energy and activity, but 
believing that his labors would prove more ef- 
fective in gaining succes in the new world, he 
came to the United States in 1884. Yankton 
county was his destination and he made his way 
by the Missouri river until he reached this sec- 
tion of the state. He rented land for nine years 
and then with the capital he had acquired through 
his own energy and determination he purchased 
three hundred and twenty acres of land. Since 
that time he has sold a portion, but still retains 
possession of two hundred and forty acres. He 
has planted all of the trees upon his farm and 
has made all of the improvements, including the 



erection of splendid buildings. His fields are 
well tilled and he raises good grades of stock. 
One hundred and eighty acres of his land is 
under cultivation and the remainder is devoted to 
pasturage purposes. Each year he raises a large 
number of hogs and also makes a specialty of 
Hereford cattle. 

In 1866 Mr. Jacobs was united in marriage 
to Miss Magdalena Kupfer, a daughter of Jacob 
Kupfer, who was a stone-mason and spent his 
entire life in Switzerland. This worthy couple 
have become the parents of nine children : Rob- 
ert, who married Bertha Ezely and is a fanner 
and dain-man : Emil, deceased; Fred, who 
wedded Eliza Nordheck, and is a harness maker 
of Yankton ; Alfred, who married Carrie Thomp- 
son and served in the Philippine war as a mem- 
ber of Company M, First Regiment of South 
Dakota Volunteers, while now he is engaged in 
farming; Max, who wedded L. Peterson, now 
deceased, and who is a cook in Montana; Ida, 
the wife of Leonard McCone, a liveryman of 
Nebraska ; Herman, who is assisting in the oper- 
ation of the home farm ; and Paul and Edward, 
who are under the parental roof. The children 
have attended the public schools and have been 
carefully trained in habits of industry and up- 
rightness. In his political views Mr. Jacobs is 
an earnest Republican and all of his sons support 
the same party, while five of them belong to the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. Mr. 
Jacobs holds membership in the Congregational 
church and has ever been interested in the move- 
ments and measures pertaining to general prog- 
ress and improvement. The cause of education 
has found in him a warm friend and he has co- 
operated in many measures for the public good. 



FREDERICK RITTER, a prosperous 
farmer and stock raiser of Jefiferson township, 
Bon Homme county, is a native of Germany, 
born in the kingdom of Hanover, August 22, 
1 84 1. His father, also named Frederick, died in 
Hanover, at the age of forty-two, and later the 
mother came to America and settled in Iowa, 
where her death occurred some years ago. 



1 66 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Frederick and Catherine (Bloom) Ritter reared 
a family of three children, one son, the subject of 
this review, and two daughters, the older of 
whom, Christina, married Henry Rhoderwolt 
and the younger, Louisa by name, having died 
in the land of her birth. 

Frederick Ritter was reared and educated in 
Hanover and at the age of twenty began life 
for himself as a carpenter. Shortly after leav- 
ing home he came to America, arriving in this 
country in 1864 and settled at Richton, Cook 
county, Illinois, where he worked at his trade 
during the ensuing eight years, meanwhile ac- 
cumulating a handsome property, consisting of 
several lots and five and a half acres of valuable 
land in the vicinity of the town. Disposing of 
these possessions in 1871, he started west and 
in the spring of the following year settled in 
Butler county, Iowa, where he followed his 
chosen calling until 1881. In the spring of the 
latter year Mr. Ritter came to Bon Homme 
county, South Dakota, and took up a quarter sec- 
tion of land in Jefferson township, which he still 
owns and on which he has made a number of 
substantial improvements, converting it into one 
of the most productive and desirable farms in the 
neighborhood. He has also added to his realty 
from time to time and now owns five hundred 
and sixty acres of as fine land as the county of 
Bon Homme can boast, the greater part of which 
is under a high state of cultivation, besides con- 
taining good buildings, fences and many other 
evidences of prosperity. He is an enterprising 
farmer and since coming west has taken advan- 
tage of every opportunity to improve his financial 
condition, ranking at the present time with the 
leading agriculturists and stock raisers of Bon 
Homnie county, as well as enjoying high stand- 
ing as an energetic, public-spirited man of af- 
fairs. 

Mr. Ritter not only erected all the buildings 
on his own place, but has also done considerable 
mechanical work in the neighborhood and 
throughout the county. He is a skillful carpenter 
and for several years after coming to this state 
his services were in great demand, many of the 
best residences, barns and other buildings in the 



surrounding country bearing evidence to his 
efficiency as a master of his trade. In politics 
Mr. Ritter votes for the man instead of party 
and advocates principles which in his judgment 
make for the best interests of his countn'. In 
religion he subscribes to the Lutheran creed and 
for a number of years has been a faithful and 
consistent member of the church, contributing 
liberally of his means to the support of the local 
congregation to which he belongs. 

In the year 1862 Mr. Ritter was united in 
marriage with Miss Dorothee Deerking, also a 
native of Hanover, the union being blessed with 
ten children, namely : Fred, Jr., a fanner and 
stock raiser of Charles Mix county, South Da- 
kota ; Charles, who is interested with his father 
in farming and the live-stock business ; Henry, 
also at home and a partner of his father and older 
brother; William, a resident of Charles Mix 
county, and a farmer by occupation ; Annie, wife 
of Fred Rabece. of the above county ; Frank, 
a member of the home circle ; Dora, now Mrs. 
Henry Evers. of Charles Mix ; Helen, Walter and 
George. 

FRANK GABRIEL HERRON. one of the 
successful business men of Sioux Falls, where 
he conducts a well-equipped grocery establish- 
ment, was bom on a farm in Vernon county, 
Wisconsin, on the i6th of August, 1857, and is 
a son of William A. and Mira Herron, both of 
whom are now living in Sioux Falls, while both 
were natives of Athens count}', Ohio, and repre- 
sentatives of pioneer families of the old Buckeye 
state. When the subject was about twelve years 
of age his parents removed to Warren county, 
Iowa, and in the public schools of Indianola, the 
county seat, he received his early educational 
training. In 1875 he entered upon an apprentice- 
ship to the printer's trade, in the office of the 
Indianola Herald, becoming a skilled workman 
and being engaged in the work of his trade for 
several years. In 1883 he came to South Da- 
kota and took up his residence in Huron and was 
in business there for five years. In 1888 he re- 
moved to Sioux Falls and until March, 1902, he 
was employed as foreman in the Brown & 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Saeng:er printing establishment, but gave up that 
position and, with his son, Bert, established his 
present prosperous business enterprise, and they, 
under the firm name of Herron & Son, have 
gained a place of prominence in the commercial 
life of the city. In politics Mr. Herron is a 
stanch Republican but has never sought official 
preferment, and fraternally he is identified with 
the local organization of the Masonic order and 
its adjunct, the Order of the Eastern Star, and 
also with the Royal Arcanum, the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen and the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles. 

On the 28th of November, 1883, Mr. Herron 
was united in marriage to Miss Ida A. Tisdale, 
who was born and reared in Lake City, Minne- 
sota, being a daughter of Luther J. and Adaline 
Tisdale, and of this union have been born four 
children, of whom three are living: Bert F. was 
born October 11, 1884; Roy was born January 
II, 1888, and died on the 7th of February of the 
following year; Mabel R. was born January 2, 
1889; and Charles L., March 6, 1890. 



GEORGE SPURRELL, one of the repre- 
sentative farmers and stockmen of Bon Homme 
county, is a native of the Hawkeye state, having 
been born in the city of Sabula, Jackson county, 
Iowa, on the 3d of January, 1855, and being a 
son of James and Eliza (Ward) Spurrell, both 
of whom were born and reared in England, 
where they were married and where four of their 
children were born. In 1854 they emigrated 
thence to the United States and located in Jack- 
son county, Iowa, thence in 1855 removed to 
Clinton county, Iowa, where Mr. Spurrell be- 
came a prominent and successful farmer, being 
one of the honored pioneers of that section and 
one who wielded no little influence in the com- 
munity. He continued to reside on the old home- 
stead until he was summoned from the scene of 
life's endeavors, his death occurring on the 15th 
of May, 1900, at which time he was seventy- 
seven years of age. He was a Republican in 
his political proclivities, and was a consistent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, as 



is also his widow, who still resides on the old 
home farm. Of their six children we enter tlie 
following brief record : Anna died in childhood, 
before the removal of the family to America ; 
Walter, who was a soldier in the Second Iowa 
Cavalry Regiment during the war of the Re- 
bellion, died in 1901 ; John is a resident of Wall 
Lake, Sac county, Iowa; Arthur has the man- 
agement of the old homestead farm in Iowa, and 
also owns six hundred and forty acres in South 
Dakota ; George is the immediate subject of this 
sketch ; and Ellen is married to Seth L. Collins, 
of Goose Lake, Iowa. 

George Spurrell was reared to manhood on the 
home farm and secured his educational discipline 
in the excellent schools of Iowa. At the age 
of twenty-one years he initiated his independent 
career, becoming at that time dependent upon his 
own resources, and he has worked his way to 
success through the medium of energy, industry, 
integrity of purpose and good management. He 
purchased one hundred and twenty acres of land 
in Sac county, Iowa, and was there engaged in 
farming for three years, after which he was en- 
gaged in the same line of enterprise in Plymouth 
county, that state, until 1891, when he sold his 
farm of one hundred and sixty acres and re- 
moved to Rock county, Minnesota, where he pur- 
chased land and also engaged in the real-estate 
business, retaining his residence there about eigh- 
teen months. He then, in August, 1893, came to 
South Dakota and purchased a ranch of two hun- 
dred and forty acres in Springfield township, 
Bon Homme county, where he has since re- 
mained. He has made many improvements on the 
place, including the remodeling of the house, and 
the ranch is one of the most attractive and valu- 
able properties in this section, being devoted to 
diversified agriculture and to the raising of excel- 
lent grades of live stock, including shorthorn 
cattle, sheep, swine and horses. Mr. Spurrell is 
also the owner of two hundred and forty acres of 
land in Wilson county, Kansas, the same being 
located in the oil district, and this property he 
rents. He has owned property in several other 
states, and has traveled somewhat extensively, 
having visited various sections of the Rocky 



ii68 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



mountains and owning interests in the gold fields 
of Colorado. In politics Mr. Spurrell is a stanch 
advocate of the principles of the Republican 
party. While a resident of Iowa he served as 
justice of the peace, but he has never been ambi- 
tious for official preferment. 

On the 8th of April, 1882, Mr. Spurrell was 
united in marriage to Miss Christine Kruser, of 
Wall Lake. Iowa. She was born and reared in 
Denmark, being a daughter of Maren and Peter 
P. Kruser, who eiuigrated to the United States 
in 1881, and who are now dead. Of the five 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Spurrell we enter the 
following brief data : Melvin J. died at the age 
of sixteen months ; Marvin is at the parental 
home; Cora and Ida are attending the Spring- 
field State Normal School, and Elmer J. is the 
youngest member of the family, being nine years 
of age at the time of this writing, and is also at- 
tending the Normal School. Mrs. Spurrell and 
Cora are members of the Congregational 
church. 



WILLIAM J. ROBINSON.— No better in- 
dex of the material prosperity and general status 
of any community can be found than in its news- 
paper press, and in this respect South Dakota 
is favored in having ably conducted and progres- 
sive papers in its various cities and towns, the sub- 
ject of this review being the editor and publisher 
of the Avon Qarion, at Avon, Bon Homme 
county, and having made his enterprise one of 
successful order as representative of the interests 
of the attractive town and its surrounding coun- 
try. He is a thorough newspaper man and the 
Clarion maintains a high standard of excellence 
from both an editorial and mechanical standpoint, 
being a five-column quarto and being issued on 
Thursday of each week. 

Mr. Robinson was born in Delaware county, 
Iowa, on the 14th of November, 1854, being a 
son of James and Mary A. (Gregg) Robinson, 
of whose twelve children he is the eldest of the 
nine surviving, a brief record concerning the oth- 
ers being here incorporated : Margaret is the wife 
of Christy Bleakly, of Galva, Iowa ; Dr. Thomas 



is a practicing physician at Gallup, New Mexico ; 
Robert R. is a prominent capitalist and promoter 
of Manchester, Iowa, a-nd served for twelve years 
as auditor of Delaware county, that state ; Eliza 
is the wife of Rev. James P. Perry, a clergyman 
of the Methodist Episcopal church ; Alexander 
has charge of the old homestead farm, in Dela- 
ware county, Iowa ; John B. is a successful ranch- 
man near Oakdale, Nebraska : Henry E. is a 
member of the Hollister Lumber Company, of 
Manchester, Iowa, and is manager of its yards 
at Elkport, Illinois ; and Gregg C. is likewise 
a member of that company and resides in Man- 
chester, Iowa. The parents of the subject were 
both born in the north of Ireland, whence they 
came to the LTnited States when young, their 
marriage having been solemnized in the city 
of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1853. Immediately 
afterward they removed to Delaware county, 
Iowa, becoming pioneer settlers of that state, and 
there he invested his available cash in land, be- 
ing able to buy only forty acres. James Robinson 
was a man of ability and had received excellent 
educational advantages for his day, having at- 
tended school in Pittsburg after coming to the 
L'^nited States and having been there reared in 
the home of his uncle, who took much interest in 
the young man. He had the prescience to recog- 
nize the possibilities in store for Delaware county 
through its agricultural development, and upon 
locating in Iowa in the early days he was able 
to secure land for about one dollar and a quarter 
an acre, and after securing his original tract he 
bent every energy to developir>g his property, 
investing every dollar which he could spare in 
adding to the area of his landed property and fin- 
ally becoming the owner of ten quarter-sections 
of the best land to be found in Delaware county, 
and how his faith has been justified needs no fur- 
ther voucher than to state that the land is now 
worth one hundred dollars or more per acre. He 
is now one of the substantial and successful citi- 
zens of the county, retaining possession of all the 
land which he has acquired, while he still resides 
on the old homestead farm, being about eighty- 
five vears of age and being one of the honored 
pioneers of the state. He lias done much to as- 




WILLIAM J. ROBINSON. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



169 



sist his friends in a financial way and has con- 
tributed in large measure to the development and 
progress of Delaware count), where he is held 
in the highest confidence and esteem. While he 
has never sought political preferment he has been 
called upon to serve in the various local offices of 
trust and responsibility. He is a man of strong 
individuality and pronounced views and wields 
a marked influence in his community, while his 
inflexible integrity has gained to him the respect 
of all who know him. He is a stanch Republican 
in his political proclivities, and both he and his 
wife are consistent members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. His ancestors were prominent 
in the early wars in which England was involved, 
representatives of the family having been with 
Cromwell in the battle of Waterloo, having been 
members of the Enniskillen Dragoons, one of the 
regiments held in reserve to combat Napoleon's 
life guards, whom they defeated in a fierce con- 
flict. 

\\'illiam J- Robinson, the immediate subject of 
this sketch, was reared on the old homestead 
farm in Iowa, attending school during the win- 
ter months and assisting in the work of the farm 
during the summer seasons. In the autumn of 
1869, when fifteen years of age, he was matricu- 
lated in the Upper Iowa University at Fayette, 
Iowa, where he continued his studies about five 
years, being there graduated as a member of the 
class of 1875, and having received from his alma 
mater the degrees of Bachelor and Master of 
Arts. The year prior to and that following his 
graduation he was employed as a teacher in the 
imiversity, having full charge of the department 
•of mathematics, in which science he excelled. 
After leaving the university he taught in the pub- 
lic schools of Iowa until 1889, when he took 
charge of a small college in Tennessee, but he 
was not pleased with the outlook and retained 
the incumbency only one year, at the expiration 
of which he came to Bon Homme county, South 
Dakota, and purchased a quarter section of land, 
in Albion precinct, where he was engaged in ag- 
ricultural pursuits and stock growing until 1901, 
when he sold his property and purchased a quar- 
ter section in Sanborn countv. In the autumn of 



1902, he left the ranch and took up his abode in 
Avon, where he purchased the plant and business 
of the Clarion, which newspaper he has since con- 
ducted with marked ability and discrimination, 
making it one of the best county papers in the 
state. While residing on his ranch he devoted 
special attention to the live-stock industry, leasing 
large tracts of land from the Indians and util- 
izing the same for the grazing grounds for his 
cattle. He is a man of high intellectuality and 
much business acumen, and the town of Avon is 
fortunate in having secured his interposition as 
editor and publisher of its local paper. In poli- 
tics Mr. Robinson gives his allegiance to the Re- 
publican party, of whose interests his paper 
proves an efifective exponent. In the autumn of 
1894 he was elected superintendent of schools of 
Bon Homme county, and was returned to this of- 
fice as his own successor in i8q6, while in 1902 
he was again a candidate for the position, but 
through a technicality several votes cast in his 
favor were thrown out, giving the victorv to his 
opponent, who was elected by a majority of only 
two votes. Fraternally he is identified with Avon 
Tent, No. 66. Knights of the Maccabees. 

On the 4th of August. 1875, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Robinson to Miss Emma E. 
Glasner, who was a fellow student at the Univer- 
sity of Upper Iowa, her home being in Favette, 
that state, and of this union have been born four 
sons — William L. and Robert R., who are editors 
and publishers of the Tyndall Tribune, at Tyndall, 
this county ; and Leon A. and Earl V., to whom 
their father will transfer the control of the Avon 
Clarion in the near future. On August 18, 1903, 
Mr. Robinson was appointed postmaster at Avon, 
which position he still holds. 



JOSIAH SHELDON.— For a number of 
years the subject of this review has been very 
closely identified with the history of Lincoln 
county. South Dakota, being one of the early 
settlers and substantial citizens of this part of 
the state and the founder of the thriving town of 
Lennox, in which he now resides. Josiah Shel- 
don embodies many of the sturdy elements of New 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



England manhood and traces his genealogy to an 
early period in the history of Vermont, of which 
state his parents, Samuel and Lavina (Ballard) 
Sheldon, were natives, both born, reared and 
married in the old county of Franklin. About 
the year 1850 Samuel Sheldon migrated to Dane 
county, Wisconsin, of which he was an early 
settler, and there took up a tract of government 
land which he cleared and converted into one of 
the most productive farms in that part of the 
state. He was a successful agriculturist, a worthy 
citizen and lived on the place he originally 
located until his death, which occurred in 1876, 
his second wife, the subject's mother, departing 
this life in 1858. By a previous marriage with 
Permelia Martin, who died in Vermont, he had 
one child, a son, by the name of Nelson, and to 
his union with Lavina Ballard four children were 
born, namely : Harmon, who, with the subject, laid 
out the town of Lennox, South Dakota, but who 
is now living a retired life in Wright county, 
Minnesota ; Polly, wife of Sebastian Basford, 
of Qear Lake, Iowa ; Josiah. of this review, and 
Desire, twins, the latter, who married William 
Dunlap, dying in the year 1887. By his third 
wife, Emma Ross, Mr. Sheldon was the father 
of one child that died in infancy. 

Josiah Sheldon is a native of Franklin county, 
Vermont, where his birth occurred in the year 
1842. He enjoyed but limited educational ad- 
vantages, never attending school after his six- 
teenth year, and when old enough to work he 
took his place in the fields, where he labored 
early and late, helping to run the farm and con- 
tributing to the support of the family. After re- 
maining at home until attaining his majority he 
started out to make his own way and from 1850 
to 1876 followed agricultural pursuits in Minne- 
sota, removing the latter year to South Dakota 
and taking up a claim in the northern part of 
Lincoln county, where the village of Lenno.x now 
stands, this thriving town being a part of the 
original quarter section which he purchased from 
the government. In addition to this land he also 
entered one hundred and sixty acres about one 
and a half miles west of Lennox and in 1890, in 
partnership with his brother, laid out the town and 



began a series of improvements which in due 
time attracted a thrifty class of people to the lo- 
cality, many of whom purchased lots and became 
permanent residents. 

Mr. Sheldon moved to the present site of the 
village before the advent of the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railroad in 1879 and donated 
about forty acres of his land for town purposes, 
selling all the rest except two lots which he re- 
served for his own use. He was a member of 
the first board of trustees of Lennox and in that 
capacity did much to advance the interests of the 
town and promote its growth, lending his influ- 
ence to every enterprise calculated to stimulate 
business and industry, at the same time giving 
an earnest and whole-hearted support to meas- 
ures having for their object the social, intellec- 
tural and moral well-being of the community. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Palmer is a 
Republican and he has long been a factor of con- 
siderable importance in local party circles, be- 
sides manifesting an active interest in district and 
state affairs, laboring diligently during cam- 
paigns and contributing not a little to the success 
of the ticket as an organizer and worker. His 
fraternal relations are represented by the Ma- 
sonic order, belonging to Lodge No. 35, at Len- 
nox, and the Grand Army of the Republic Post, 
No. 2T, which meets at Elsworth, his right to 
membership in the latter organization depending 
upon the three years which he gave to the serv- 
ice of liis country during the dark and troublous 
period of the Civil war. Mr. Palmer, on October 
18, i86r, enlisted at IMt. Pleasant, Iowa, in Com- 
pany C, Fourth Iowa Cavalry, which was as- 
signed to duty in the Army of the Southwest, 
where he took part in several noted battles, in- 
cluding, among others, the siege of Vicksburg, 
and many minor engagements, to say nothing of 
the long, tiresome marches in which he took 
part and the numerous vicissitudes and hardships 
endured while defending the flag and upholding 
the integrity of the Republic. He was discharged 
December 5, 1864, at Memphis, Tennessee, with 
an honorable record, and since leaving the army 
he has been as earnest and loyal to the govern- 
ment as when fighting in its behalf on Southern 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



battlefields. Mr. Palmer is one of the well-known 
and widely respected men of Lincoln county, who 
has dignified every station to which called and 
whose influence has ever been exercised on the 
right side of every moral issue. Those who 
know him best speak in complimentary terms of 
his many excellent characteristics and his record 
in the past may be taken as an earnest of con- 
tined usefulness and prosperity in years to come. 



HARRY L. BRAS, educator, legislator, pub- 
lisher, postmaster, promotor, politician and all- 
round good citizen, is a leader among the repre- 
senative young men who have brought South 
Dakota to its present high place in the union of 
states. Energy and persistence are the prime 
qualifications which have won for him a most en- 
viable position in the state. Few indeed are the 
enterprises for state development either upon ed- 
ucational or material lines in which he has not 
been 'prominently identified. As teacher, school 
superintendent and publisher of the state's leading 
educational journal he has made his impress upon 
the educational policy of the state for all of the 
period of statehood and before. As a legislator 
he introduced and pressed to passage the pres- 
ent efficient law for the inspection of food stuflfs 
and dairy products, as well as many other im- 
portant pieces of legislation. As a loyal citizen 
of his own city he organized the movement for 
the removal of the capital from Pierre to Mitchell 
and was by his neighbors made the manager of 
the pending campaign for capital removal before 
the people. 

Mr. Eras is the son of Leonard Bras, a suc- 
cessful lawyer, and Mary Hannah DeMott, 
of South Bend, Indiana. He therefore possesses 
that mixture of French and German blood 
which has produced so many strong and notable 
men. His parents located at Toolsboro, Louisa 
county, Iowa, where Harry was born October 
i6, 1862. In 1867 his family removed to New 
Boston, Illinois, and there he received a thorough 
common and high-school education and then 
took a course in the Illinois State Normal 



University and later completed his studies in 
the Lfniversity of South Dakota. For three years 
he engaged in teaching in Illinois and then, 
locating at Mount Vernon, Davison county. 
South Dakota, he took up a tract of government 
land, but continued to teach for three years, at 
the end of which period he was elected county 
superintendent of schools. The country was 
new, the school system crude, lacking in uni- 
formity and coherence, but he set to work 
promptly to reduce it to a practicable working 
system and soon secured the adoption of a uni- 
form course of study, free text-books, raised 
the standard of teaching and gave to the schools 
and the teachers an enthusiastic interest in the 
work. He held the position three terms and de- 
clined a fourth nomination to engage in the 
publication of the South Dakota Educator, the 
official organ of all the state educational bodies. 
He still is the publisher of this journal, as well 
as of the South Dakotan, the organ of the State 
Historical Society, and the School Board Journal. 
By his energy and industry he has built up a 
large and profitable printing establishment and 
publishing house. From 1890 to 1896 he was a 
member of the board of trustes of the Madison 
Normal and for a portion of the time president 
of the board. From 1898 to 1902 he was a 
member of the state legislature. He has from the 
beginning been an active member of the State 
Educational Association and of the Teachers' 
and Pupils' Reading Circles and much of the 
time one of the administrative officers of these 
bodies. Since 1892 he has been postmaster of 
Mitchell and is also the treasurer of the Com- 
mercial Fire Insurance Company. 

On September 2. 1885, Mr. Bras was mar- 
ried to Miss Hattie Betts, of Mount Vernon, 
and to them iotir daughters have been bom, 
Elsie Louise, Lillian, Florence and Sarah. Mrs. 
Bras died in December. 1903. In the prime of 
his manhood, Mr. Bras, with state-wide acquaint- 
ance and unstinted popularity, is still but at the 
beginning of that career of usefulness and honor 
which his unflagging industry, integrity and 
ability give assurance that the community will 
require at his hands. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



HOWARD BABCOCK, attorney-at-law, and 
for a number of years a leading member of the 
Sisseton bar, and the present mayor of Sisseton, 
was born in Waterloo, Wisconsin. December 21, 
1867, being the son of Seth C. and Sarah C. 
(Cole) Babcock, both natives of New York. 
Seth C. Babcock, a farmer by occupation, was 
descended from old colonial stock, his family hav- 
ing been among the earliest settlers of York 
state, and not a few of the name participating in 
the struggle for independence. He was a vet- 
eran of the late Civil war, serving in Company 
H, Twenty-ninth Wisconsin Infantry, and made 
an honorable record as a brave and gallant sol- 
dier. The Coles also belong to an old family. 
the early history of which dates from a remote 
period in the time of the colonies, and the name 
is still familiar in New York, where they orig- 
inally located. Seth and Sarah Babcock were 
the parents of four children who grew to ma- 
turity, three sons and one daughter, all living. 

Howard Babcock remained in his native town 
until about eight years of age and in 1875 ^^' 
moved with his parents to Racine, Mower county, 
Minnesota, where he worked on a farm and at- 
tended the public schools and the Spring Valley 
high school until his eighteenth year. After 
teaching two terms of school, he spent the en- 
suing three years in the Cedar Valley Seminary 
at Osage, Iowa, and at the expiration of that 
time began the study of law with Judge C. C. 
Willson. of Rochester, Minnesota, under whose 
instruction he continued until his admission to 
the bar in 1892. Mr. Babcock began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Wilmot, South Dakota, 
in 1892, and two years later was elected state's 
attorney, which position he held the constitutional 
term of four years, proving an able, faithful and 
untiring official. Retiring from office, he resumed 
the general practice and when the county seat was 
moved to Sisseton he changed his residence to 
that place, and has built up a large and lucra- 
tive practice in the courts of Roberts and neigh- 
boring counties. Mr. Babcock is one of the lead- 
ing lawyers of the Sisseton bar, stands high in 
the esteem of his professional associates and the 
public, and has earned an enviable reputation in 



his chosen calling. His success has been as 
pronounced financially as professionally and he 
is today one of the well-to-do men of his city 
and county, owning valuable real estate, besides 
his interests in the First National Bank and Res- 
ervation State Bank, of Sisseton, the First State 
Bank of Summit and the Citizens' Bank at White 
Rock. He helped to organize these institutions 
and has been a member of the directorate of each 
bank ever since, and at this time he is president 
of the First State Bank of Summit. He also or- 
ganized the Sisseton Loan and Title Company 
and is heavily interested in the Roberts County 
Land and Loan Company, being president of 
both institutions. Mr. Babcock owns one of the 
finest residence properties in Sisseton and a half 
section in Roberts county, which is under a high 
state of cultivation and well improved • in the 
way of buildings, fences, etc. He is essentially 
a self-made man, his professional success and 
financial prosperity being the result of his own 
untiring efforts and industry, and it is eminently 
fitting to claim for him a prominent place among 
the representative citizens of his adopted state. 
Mr. Babcock is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity and at the present time holds the office of 
junior warden in Sisseton Lodge. No. 31 : he is 
also identified with the Pythian brotherhood, be- 
longing to Reservation Lodge, No. 66. 

Mr. Babcock, on January 22, 1895, contracted 
a matrimonial alliance with Miss Ella Jones, of 
Mitchell, Iowa, and their union has been blessed 
by three children, Dana B.. Gordon C. and Carroll 
H., who are sturdy examples of the boys they 
raise in South Dakota. 



TR.\ C. HILL, coimty treasurer of Roberts 
county and a gentleman of high standing in the 
business and social circles of Sisseton. is a na- 
tive of New York, born in the citv of EIniira. 
on March 9. 1848. His father, Felix Hill, was 
also a New Yorker bv birth, being descended 
from one of the old families of that common- 
wealth, and his mother, who bore the maiden 
name of Julia Hoover, came of old New Eng- 
land stock, her father having served with dis- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1 173 



tinction in the war of 1S12. Felix and Julia 
Hill were the parents of eight children, five sons 
and three daughters, all living, the majority well 
settled in life and greatly esteemed in their re- 
spective places of residence. 

Ira C. Hill spent the first eight years of his 
life in the state of his birth and in 1856 accom- 
panied his parents on their removal to Wiscon- 
sin, where he lived until 1863. He was reared 
on a farm, with the rugged duties and whole- 
some discipline of which he early became famil- 
iar, and when old enough he entered the district 
schools which he attended of winter seasons 
until a youth in his teens. In 1863 he went 
with the family to Minnesota, where a little later 
lie tendered his services to the government to 
help put down the rebellion, enlisting in Com- 
pany D. Ninth Minnesota Infantry, with which 
he shared the fortunes and vicissitudes of war 
for a period of eighteen months, the meanwhile 
taking part in -several campaigns and in a num- 
ber of hard-fought battles. At the expiration 
of his period of service he returned to Minne- 
sota, where he folIoAved agricultural pursuits 
until 1892, when he disposed of his interests in 
that state and came -to Roberts county. South 
Dakota, where he purchased land and engaged 
in farming. Later, 1897, he moved to Sisseton. 
and started a hardware store, to which line of 
business he devoted his attention until 1900, when 
he was elected treasurer of Roberts county, which 
position he still holds, having been re-elected in 
1902. Mr. Hill's career has been eminently sat- 
isfactory and it is universally conceded that the 
countv has never been served b}- aniore capable 
or obliging official. He has handled the public 
funds judiciously, and as a custodian of one of 
the people's most important trusts has so de- 
ported himself as to gain the confidence of his 
fellow citizens of all parties and shades of polit- 
ical opinion. He has also served two terms as 
county commissioner and during his incumbency 
in that office was untiring in his efforts to promote 
public improvements, but at all times careful and 
even conservative in the matter of expenditures. 

Mr. Hill is still engaged in agriculture on an 
extensive scale, owning a finely improved farm 



of four hundred acres in the northern part of 
Roberts county, all under cultivation, in addition 
to which he has various other interests, being a 
heavy stockholder in the First National Bank of 
Sisseton and in the Citizens' State Bank at White 
Rock. He has been quite successful in all of 
his enterprises and is now regarded as one of the 
financially strong and reliable men of his city and 
county. He is a member of Sisseton Lodge, No. 
31. Free and Accepted Masons, and his name is 
also found on the records of Reservation Lodge, 
No. 66, Knights of Pythias, being a zealous 
worker in both orders, besides at all times exem- 
plifying their principles and precepts in his rela- 
tions with his fellow men. 

Mr. Hill was married in Minnesota, May 
2-], 1878, to Miss Jennie Rhodes, daughter of 
Elica Rhodes, of New York, the union resulting 
in the birth of a daughter. Susie J., at home, and 
Felix, who is married and lives on the home 
farm. 



JOHN HOLMAN, of the law firm of Gam- 
ble, Tripp & Holman, and distinctively one of 
the leading attorneys of the Yankton bar, is a 
native of Wisconsin and the son of Sjur and 
Ragrilda Holman, both parents born in Norway. 
Sjur Holman came to the L^nited States in 1849, 
and settled near Deerfield, Wisconsin, where he 
shortly afterward married Ragrilda Aase, who 
was brought to this country by her parents in 
1845, when about thirteen years of age. After 
his marriage, Mr. Holman turned his attention 
to agricultural pursuits and, though beginning 
in a modest way with but limited capital, he suc- 
ceeded by good management and consecutive in- 
dustry in accumulating a handsome compet^ce, 
so that he is now enabled to spend the closing 
years of his life in comfortable and honorable 
retirement in the town of Deerfield. Of the chil- 
dren born to this estimable couple, eight are 
living at the ])resent time, namely: Mrs. Martha 
Sterricker, of Omaha, Nebraska : Andrew, who 
lives in Copper Center, Alaska, of which place 
he was the first settler and founder : Nel, a grad- 
uate of the law department of Wisconsin Uni- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



versity, but now publishing a paper in Deerfield, 
that state ; Lewis, who is stationed at the Oknago 
Indian Mission in British Columbia; John, of 
tliis review ; Gerina, at home ; Edwin, editor and 
proprietor of a newspaper in Minnesota, and 
Ella, who is still with her parents. 

John Holman was born February lo, 1867, 
in the town of Deerfield, Wisconsin, and grew 
up at home, attending for some years the com- 
mon schools and later talcing a full course in the 
seminary at Red Wing, Minnesota, from which 
institution he was graduated in the spring of 
1887. In the following fall he entered the law 
department of the University of Wisconsin, and 
after prosecuting his legal studies for the greater 
part of two years, was graduated with the class 
of 1889, immediately after which he accepted a 
clerkship in the office of one of the leading at- 
torneys of Madison. Young Holman spent 
about one and a half years in clerical work at the 
nominal salary of fifteen dollars per month and 
board, but becoming restive under such manner 
of living he resigned his position at the expiration 
of the time noted, and in January, 1891, came to 
Yankton, South Dakota, where, with something 
like fifty dollars saved from his meager earnings 
and about two hundred and forty dollars of bor- 
rowed capital, he opened an office and entered 
upon his career as a lawyer. His first year in this 
cit}- was one of struggle and self-denial, clients 
being few and expenses by no means light. By 
husbanding his resources, however, he managed 
to acquire sufficient business to keep his bark 
afloat until the fall of the following year, at 
which time he was induced by his Republican 
friends to announce himself a candidate for the 
office of state's attorney. Arrayed against the 
candidate for the Republican ticket in that cam- 
])aign were the combined forces of Democracy 
and Populism, a fusion which its members confi- 
dently believed would sweep the country and cap- 
ture every office, state, district and county. Not- 
withstanding the strong opposition, Mr. Holman 
accepted the nomination and, entering upon the 
campaign with the determination of doing his 
best, made a thorough, systematic and brilliant 
canvass, the result of which was his election by 



a very handsome majority over a popular com- 
petitor. During his first term as prosecutor he 
formed a law partnership with L. L. F. Cleeger, 
and opened a branch office at Centerville, Mr. 
Qeeger looking after the business at the latter 
place, the subject taking charge of the office in 
Yankton. At the expiration of his term Mr. 
Holman was chosen his own successor and at the 
same time his associate was elected state's attor- 
ney of Turner county, in consequence of which 
their partnership was dissolved, the subject 
shortly thereafter becoming a member of the law 
firm of Cramer & Holman, which continued for 
a period of two years. 

After practicing alone for one year, Mr. Hol- 
man entered into a partnership with Robert E. 
McDowell, present private secretary of Senator 
Gamble, which lasted until the formation of the 
present legal firm of Gamble, Tripp & Holman 
in the year 1901. Actuated by a spirit of intense 
patriotism, Mr. Holman, in May, 1898, sacrificed 
his law practice, which in the meantime had be- 
come large, far-reaching and lucrative, to enter 
the service of his country in its war with Spain. 
Enlisting in Company C, First South Dakota 
Volunteer Infantry, he was soon on his way to 
the Philippines, where he experienced the vicis- 
situdes and hardships peculiar to warfare with a 
barbarous foe in a hot and trying climate. Soon 
after joining the army he was made corporal, 
subsequently was promoted quartermaster ser- 
geant and still later rose to the rank of lieutenant, 
which position he held until his discharge, in Oc- 
tober, 1899. Returning home, he assumed his 
law practice, which soon regained its former 
magnitude, and from tliat time to the present he 
has devoted his attention closely to his profession, 
with the result that he today commands an ex- 
tensive business and occupies a conspicuous place 
among the leading members of the Yankton bar. 

In the spring of 1900 Mr. Holman was elected 
niayor of Yankton, and the ensuing fall he was 
further honored by a third election to the office 
of state's attorney, in which position he is now 
serving his fourth term, having been re-elected 
in the fall of 1902. Mr. Holman's frequent elec- 
tion to important official station demonstrates not 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



only superior professional ability, but a trust- 
worthiness and popularity with members of all 
political parties such as few attain. 

In December, 1900, Mr. Holman was married, 
in Yankton, to Miss Alice Flanagan, of this city, 
the union being blessed with two children, a 
daughter by the name of Susan R. and a son 
named Bartlett. Mr. Holman is a member of the 
Masonic order, in which he has risen to a high 
degree, and he is also identified with the Knights 
of Pythias and the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. He was reared a Lutheran and, 
though still adhering to that faith, he has at- 
tended of recent years the Episcopal church of 
Yankton, to which his wife belongs. He con- 
tributes liberally to the support of both these re- 
ligions, is also alive to all kinds of charitable and 
benevolent work, and assists to the extent of his 
ability any laudable enterprise having for its ob- 
ject the social advancement of the community 
or the moral good of his fellow men. 



HARRY L. SPACKMAN, president of the 
Reservation State Bank, Sisseton, and manager 
of the Roberts County Land and Loan Company, 
was born in Stephenson county, Illinois, May 3, 
1866, the son of Jonathan W. Spackman, a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania and by occupation a con- 
tractor and builder. Harry L., who is one of six 
children, three sons and three daughters, was 
reared to his seventeenth year in the town of 
Dakota, Illinois, the m.eantime_ acquiring a good 
education in the public schools. Fie came to this 
state in 1883, and from the latter year until t888 
he lived in St. Lawrence, Hand county, devoting 
the greater part of the time to agricultural pur- 
suits, and then went to Sioux Falls, where he 
clerked in a store until his removal to Sisseton 
m 1892. Mr. Spackman was one of the propri- 
etors of Sisseton, and to him also belongs the 
credit of being the pioneer merchant of the town. 
He opened a general store shortly after his arri- 
val and conducted a very profitable business until 
1896, when he disposed of his mercantile inter- 
ests and engaged in banking and real estate. He 



was one of the organizers of the Reservation 
.State Bank of Sisseton, and has since been presi- 
dent of the same, and also took a leading part in 
establishing the Sisseton State Bank, of which 
he is still an official and heavy stockholder. In 
addition to this enterprise he is connected with 
the Roberts County Land and Loan Company, 
being its business manager, and to his energies 
and executive ability is due much of the success 
which has marked the history of the company 
from its organization to the present time. As 
already indicated, Mr. Spackman was one of the 
founders of Sisseton and to him as much as to 
any other individual may be attributed the rapid 
growth of the town and its favorable prospects 
of becoming at no distant day one of the most 
important commercial and industrial centers in 
the northeastern part of the state. 

Mr. Spackman is a Republican in politics, 
and a faithful worker for the success of his 
party. He was chairman of the Republican 
county committee four years and served six 
years as county commissioner, to which office 
he was elected by an overwhelming vote irre- 
spective of party. He is a clear-headed, far- 
sighted man, knows how to take advantage of 
opportunities and bend them to suit his purposes, 
and all of his undertakings have resulted greatly 
to his financial advantages. 

Mr. Spackman holds membership with Sisse- 
ton Lodge, No. 38, Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, Reservation Lodge, No. 66, Knights 
of Pythias, and is also a zealous worker in the 
Odd Fellows order, besides lending his influence 
to other organized agencies for the promotion of 
benevolence, charity and fraternal relationships. 
Public-spirited, he hesitates at no difficulty and, 
optimistic in all the term implies, he has an abid- 
ing faith in himself and in his fellow citizens to 
make South Dakota one of the greatest common- 
wealths in the galaxy of states. 

Mr. Spackman was married, April 10, 1889, 
to Miss Dora Wampler, or Elsvvorth, Illinois, 
daughter of A. J. Wampler, who is now an hon- 
ored resident of Sisseton. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Spackman have been born three children, namely: 
Vera A., Hazel M. and Harrold B. 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



WILLIAM H. TURKOPP, M. D., is a na- 
tive of the old Buckeye state, having been born 
in Columbus, Ohio, on the I2th of April, 1857, 
and being a son of Henry and Sophia (Thalke) 
Turkopp. Three other of their children are liv- 
ing, namely : Henry, who still resides in Colum- 
bus, as are also Christian and Alwine. die latter 
of whom is a teacher in the high school of Ohio's 
capital city. The father of the Doctor was born 
in Germany, about the year 1828, and came to the 
LTnited States when he was a lad of about six- 
teen years of age, locating in Columbus, where 
he has ever since maintained his home, having 
eventually engaged in the commission business 
and having acquired a fortune through his well- 
directed efforts. His wife was born in Wiscon- 
sin and died in 1895. 

Dr. Turkopp was reared to maturity in his 
native city, where he received his preliminary 
educational discipline in the public schools. 'In 
1876 he began the work of preparing himself for 
his chosen vocation, taking up the study of medi- 
cine and finally entering the Starling Medical 
College, now the medical department of the Ohio 
State L^'niversity, in his home city, where he was 
graduated in the spring of 1879, receiving the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. Prior to enter- 
ing the medical college he bad passed three years 
in Europe, where he pursued a special course in 
chemistry, as a preliminary to taking up the 
other essential branches of the medical and sur- 
gical science. After his graduation he again 
went to Europe, where he took post-graduate 
medical study in the universities at Berlin, Leip- 
sic, Munich and Vienna, being absent three years 
and thoroughly fortifying himself for the work 
of his chosen profession. He then returned to 
the LTnited States and soon afterward took up 
his residence in Yankton, where he has since 
been engaged in the practice of his profession, 
and where he has attained a high reputation as 
one of the skilled and successful members of his 
profession in the state, securing a supporting 
patronage of representative order. So insistent 
have become the demands upon his time and at- 
tention that he has of late confined himself to an 
office practice, and he is frequently called in con- 



sultation on cases of critical character, his judg- 
ment in- matters of diagnosis, treatment and sur- 
gical exigencies being held in high regard by 
his confreres, while such is his strict observance 
of professional ethics that he has the esteem 
and good will of all. 

The Doctor is independent in his political 
views, having originally been aligned with the 
Democratic party, but his convictions in regard 
to matters of public polity led him to support 
McKinley on each occasion of his candidacy for 
the presidency. He served one year as coroner 
of Yanlrton, having been elected on the Demo- 
cratic ticket and having the distinction of being 
the only candidate of that party to attain vic- 
tory at the polls on that occasion. He is a man 
of scholarly attainments, is genial and sincere 
in his intercourse with his fellow men and. is 
held in unequivocal esteem. 

In the year 1882 Dr. Turkopp was united 
in marriage to Miss Anna Peiffer, of Lakeport, 
this state, and they are the parents of five chil- 
dren, namely: William, Nora, Sophia, IMinnie 
and John, all of whom are acquiring their educa- 
tion in Columbus, Ohio, their father's native citv. 



A. W. LINDOUIST.— As the name indi- 
cates, the subject of this sketch is of foreign 
blood, although a native of the United States, 
having been born near Alma, Wisconsin, on the 
4th day of September, 1869. John and Chris- 
tina (Westling) Lindquist, his parents, both na- 
tives of Sweden, came to America in 1850 and set- 
tled in Wabasha county, Minnesota. Later he 
moved to Alma, Wisconsin, and from there to 
Ortonville, Minnesota, in 1877, where the father 
engaged in farming. He died December 24. 
1902, at the age of seventy-two years, the mother 
being still a resident of Ortonville. John and 
Christina Lindquist reared a family of six chil- 
dren, five living, the subject of this review being 
the oldest of the number. A. W. spent his early 
years on the homestead near Ortonville. and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of that 
place, after which he accepted a clerkship in a 
mercantile house, holding the same for a period 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



of eight years. Resigning his position at Orton- 
ville in 1891, Mr. Lindquist came to Roberts 
county, South Dakota, and in February of the 
same year estabhshed himself in the mercantile 
business at Wilmot, which line of trade he has 
since conducted, the meanwhile greatly enlarg- 
mg his stock by adding a general assortment of 
goods, including all kinds of agricultural imple- 
ments and farm machinery, and meeting with 
most gratifying success in his undertaking. His 
patronage, which includes a wide range, is cpiite 
lucrative, and in his well-stocked establishment 
is found every article of merchandise demanded 
by the general trade. As a business man he is 
familiar with the underlying principles of com- 
mercial life, being a careful buyer, an accom- 
plished salesman and progressive in the manage- 
ment of his affairs, yet sufficiently conservative 
as to make few errors of judgment, steering clear 
of unwise speculations and being satisfied with 
the sure gains that come from legitimate trad- 
ing. 

In addition to his commercial interests, Mr. 
Lindquist is a large real-estate holder, owning 
and personally managing the farms in Roberts 
county, besides holding a half interest in the 
old family homestead in Big Stone county, Min- 
nesota. He belongs to the public-spirited class 
nf men that have done much to promote the ma- 
terial advancement of Wilmot and Roberts 
counties, and he has also achieved considerable 
reputation as a shrewd, resourceful and far-see- 
ing politician, having torne quite a prominent 
])art in bringing about the re-election of Hon. 
J. H. Kyle to the United States senate. His in- 
fluence in municipal, county and state politics 
has given him considerable prestige among the 
leaders of his party, not only in the county and 
district in which he resides but throughout the 
state as well. Mr. Lindquist is a thirty-second- 
degree Scottish-rite Mason, belonging to the 
blue lodge at Wilmot, the consistory at Aber- 
deen and the Mystic Shrine at Minneapolis, 
Minnesota. He is a zealous member of this an- 
cient and honorable brotherhood, is well versed 
in its mystic work and his sterling manhood 
proves that its principles and precepts had not a 



little to do in guiding and controlling his daily 
life and conduct. 

Mr. Lindquist was married on May 31, 1893, 
to Miss Edna Knappen, of Minneapolis, and 
IS the father of two children, Muriel and Phvllis. 



HOSMER H. KEITH was born at North 
Brookfield, Madison county, New York, July 12, 
1846, his father having been a farmer and of 
Scotch ancestry. Besides receiving instruction 
in the common schools, Mr. Keith was gradu- 
ated at Whitestown Seminary and afterwards re- 
ceived the honorary degree of Master of Arts 
from Colgate University at Hamilton, New 
York. During his young manhood he not only 
worked on the farm, but, like many other ener- 
getic young men of his time, he also engaged in 
school teaching. He studied law for two years, 
and then entered the Law School at Albany, 
New York, graduating in 1870. He was admit- 
ted to the bar at a general term of the supreme 
court in New York in June, 1870, and has since 
then, first in New York and subsequently in 
South Dakota, been in the active practice of his 
profession. He came to Sioux Falls in the spring 
of 18S3. At the election of officers for the pro- 
posed state of South Dakota, under the Sioux 
Falls constitution, he was elected judge of the 
circuit court of the second district. At 
the election in the fall of 1888 he was 
elected a member of the territorial ' legis- 
lature from the counties of Hanson, McCook and 
Minnehaha, receiving a majority of four hun- 
dred and ninety-eight votes over his competitor, 
J. T. Gilbert, who had been elected to the pre- 
vious term by a majority of one hundred and six- 
ty-five votes. Mr. Keith was elected speaker of 
the house of representatives and filled the posi- 
tion with marked ability. He took a prominent 
part in the division of the territory and the ad- 
mission of the southern ,half as a state. He 
stands high as a public speaker and is always lis- 
tened to with marked attention. As a lawyer 
he ranks among the best in the state. When 
he is employed in a case, his opponents know 
there is to be a contest from the beginning to the 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



end. He is a sagacious trier of cases, a good 
advocate and when summoned to a court of last 
resort he is well equipped and able to make tlie 
best presentation of his case. As a citizen he is 
independent and enterprising and takes an active 
part in all public matters. For several years he 
was president of the Commercial Club and Busi- 
ness Men's League of his city. 

Afr. Keith is a prominent member of the 
Baptist church, and is also well known in fra- 
ternal circles, belonging to Masonic blue lodge 
No. 5, the Scottish Rite consistory, the Mystic 
Shrine and the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, all at Sioux Falls. In politics he has al- 
ways actively supported the Republican party. 
He was elected city attorney of Sioux Falls in 
1 901 and has since been retained in that office. 

On the 9th of August, 1870, he was united 
in marriage to Mary Katherine Spear, the daugh- 
ter of Philitus B. Spear, D. D., of Hamilton, New 
York, and to them have been born three children, 
namely ; Flora Belle, who was graduated from 
a ladies' seminary at Hamilton, New York ; Ed- 
win Spear, who graduated from Pillsbury Acad- 
emy, Owatonna, Minnesota, and took two years 
in Chicago University, is now a successful mer- 
chant in Bremerton, Washington ; Albert Jack- 
son, who was graduated from Sioux Falls College 
and the law department of the University of 
Minnesota, is now practicing law with his father 
at Sioux Falls. 



EDWARD MOSCRIP, son of Thomas and 
.Sally (Reynolds) Moscrip, was born in Dela- 
ware county. New York, October 14, 1838. His 
early years were spent in his native state, where 
he grew to manhood on a farm, and in the sub- 
scription schools of Delaware county he received 
a fair education, his principal training, however, 
being of an intensely practical nature, obtained 
by coming in contact with the world in various 
capacities. Mr. Moscrip followed agricultural 
pursuits in New York until the year 1857, when 
he went to Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and engaged 
in lumbering, continuing that line of business 
tmtil 1S61. In the spring of the latter year he 



responded to President Lincoln's call for volun- 
teers by enlisting in Company E, Second Wis- 
consin Infantry, which was part of the celebrated 
Iron Brigade, the only brigade of western troops 
in the Army of the Potomac, being the First 
Brigade of the First Division, First Army Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, with which he shared all 
the realities of war in several of the southern 
campaigns, taking part in some of the bloodiest 
battles of the Rebellion, among which were the 
first Bull Run, Gainesville, second Bull Run, 
Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Antietam, Get- 
tysburg, the Wilderness and many others, in all 
of which his conduct was that of a brave and 
heroic soldier who never hesitated when duty 
called and whose record is one of which any 
veteran might well feel proud. On May 10, 
1864, in the battle of Spottsylvania Court House, 
he was shot in the hip, the injury being such as 
to render him almost helpless for a year, during 
which time he received hospital attention at 
various places, remaining for some time at the 
Soldiers' Home in the city of New York. Mr. 
Moscrip was discharged at Providence, Rhode 
Island, in April, 1865, and immediately there- 
after returned to Oshkosh, Wisconsin, where in 
the spring of the following year he resumed lum- 
bering in the pineries of that state. He was quite 
fortunate in this business and followed it about 
seven years, during which time he realized con- 
siderable wealth and laid the foundation of his 
subsequent success as a farmer and stock raiser. 
In the month of March, 1868, Mr. Moscrip was 
united in marriage to Miss Margaret Gilmore, 
of Illinois, and four years later, with his wife and 
two children, drove from Wisconsin to Lincoln 
county. South Dakota, and purchased a quarter 
section of land in La Valley township, which he 
improved and which he made his home during 
the ensuing five years. Disposing of his place at 
the end of that time, he bought the southwest 
quarter of section 2, La Valley township, which he 
still owns, converting his land the meanwhile into 
j a finely cultivated and splendidly improved farm, 
1 his dwelling and barn, erected in 1900, being 
among the best buildings of the kind in the com- 
i munity. As a farmer Mr. Aloscrip ranks with 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



179 



the most enterprising and successful of Lincoln 
county agriculturists, and he also has an enviable 
reputation as a raiser of live stock, his horses, 
cattle and hogs being carefully selected from the 
most approved breeds and he seldom fails to 
realize every year handsome profits from the sale 
of these animals. Not only as an up-to-date 
farmer and stock man is Mr. Moscrip known, 
but he has long been before the people as a leader 
in various public enterjirises, among which may 
be noted the locating and laying out of high- 
ways, the building up of the local school system, 
also his activity and usefulness as chairman of 
the town Ijoard. He is a Republican in politics, 
and in 1890 represented Lincoln county in the 
lower house of the legislature, a position un- 
sought on his part, but filled with credit to him- 
self and to his constituents. Mr. Moscrip be- 
longs to several secret fraternities and benevolent 
societies, among which are the Masonic lodge at 
Sioux Falls, the L'''nion Veterans' LTnion at the 
same place, and the Grand Army post, which 
holds its sessions in Canton. The family of Mr. 
and Mrs. Moscrip consists of one son and two 
daughters, whose names in order of birth are , 
Annie. Elva and William G. The oldest daugh- j 
ter married Joseph Shebal, a farmer and stock 
raiser of LaValley township; Annie is the wife 1 
of Charles Davey and lives on a farm in Wis- 1 
consin, and William G., who married Miss Eva , 
Messner. is a resident of LaValley township and 
a prosperous tiller of the soil. 



A. JAMES GH-^FORD. M. D., one of the 
popular and able young physicians and surgeons 
of the state, living in the attractive little city of 
Alexandria, Hanson county, was born in Carroll 
count}', Iowa, on the 26th of July, 1871, being a 
son of A. J. and S. M. Gififord, the former of 
whom was born in the state of Pennsylvania 
and the latter in England, the father being a 
farmer by vocation. The subject secured his 
early educational training in the public schools 
of his native county, and in April, 1882, removed 
to Miller. South Dakota, where he remained until 
1807, when he was matriculated in the medical 



department of the Iowa State LTniversity, at Iowa 
City, where he completed the prescribed course 
and was graduated as a member of the class of 
igoi, when the degree of Doctor of Medicine was 
duly conferred upon him. He came forth well 
fortified for the work of his chosen profession, 
and soon after his graduation came to Alexan- 
dria, where he entered into partnership with 
Dr. Maytum, concerning whom individual men- 
tion is made on another page of this work, and 
they were coadjutors in their professional work 
under the firm name of Maytum & GifTord, until 
the dissolution of the partnership, February i, 
1904. Dr. Clifford is most appreciative of the 
responsibility and the exacting duties of his pro- 
fession and is devoted to its work, in which he 
has been most successful. He is a member of the 
South Dakota State Medical Society and takes 
a deep interest in its work and deliberations, and 
fraternally he is affiliated with the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen and the Knights of the 
Maccabees. 

On the 20th of May, 1897, was solemnized 
the marriage of Dr. Gifford to Miss Edith 
Coka^iie, a daughter of Charles Cokayne, of St. 
Lawrence, this state, and of this union has been 
born one child, a winsome little daughter, Mar- 
jorie. 



JOHN E. UHRICH is a native of Alsace, 
Germany, but since the year 1868 has been a.n 
honored resident of South Dakota, consequently 
he can legitimately claim to be one of the old 
settlers of the state. Christian Uhrich, the sub- 
ject's father, was a well-known teacher in Alsace 
and in addition to educational work, in which he 
spent twenty-four consecutive years, he was also 
employed for a considerable time in the office of 
the treasurer of state. He married in his native 
land Louisa Zabe, and in 1866 came to America, 
settling in Genesee county. New York, thence 
two years later moved to Hutchinson county, 
South I>akota, where he took up land on which 
he spent the remainder of his days in retirement, 
dying in the year 1886, his companion depart- 
ing this life in 1895. To Christian and Louisa 



i8o 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Uhrich were born eight children, seven of whom 
are Hving, namely : Joseph, a farmer residing 
in Hutchinson county. South Dakota : John B., 
of this review; Reichart, of Yankton, this. state: 
Aladelinc, Qiristine and Christian, also living 
in that city, and Victor, whose home is in Hutch- 
inson county. Paul, the only member of the fam- 
ily deceased, was the seventh in order of birth. 

John P.. Uhrich spent his early life in his 
native country and grew up pretty much after 
the manner of the majority of lads in the father- 
land. In 1865 he came to the United States and 
after spending the ensuing two years in Genesee 
county. New York, came to South Dakota and, 
in partnership with his brother Joseph, engaged 
in the draying business at Yankton. Two years 
later he was united in marriage to Miss Eliza- 
beth Rapsch, a native of Bohemia, and shortly 
thereafter moved to Hutchinson countv and en- 
tered a quarter section of land in township 99, 
range 59, in which he now lives and which under 
his labors and efficient management has been 
brought to a high state of cultivation and other- 
wise improved. ^Tr. Uhrich increased his real 
estate from time to time until his farm now con- 
tains five hundred acres of excellent land, in ad- 
dition to which he recently gave two hundred 
acres to his son. He has about two hundred 
acres in cultivation and, in connection with gen- 
eral farming, devotes a great deal of attention to 
cattle, horses and hogs, having met with most 
encouraging success both as an agriculturist and 
a breeder and raiser of fine live stock. It is not 
too much to claim for Mr. Uhrich distinctive 
prestige as an enterprising farmer and public- 
spirited man of affairs. He is a friend of edu- 
cation and for a period of eighteen years was a 
member of the local school board, in addition to 
which he has also given his influence and support 
to all measures having for their object the moral 
and social, as well as the intellectual advance- 
ment of the community. 

Politically Mr. Uhrich is a Republican, but 
he has steadily avoided position in partisan af- 
fairs and refrained from seeking the honors or 
emoluments of office. He and his estimable wife 
have a large circle of friends and acquaintances 



and their pleasant home is the abode of an open- 
hearted hospitality. Mr. and Mrs. Uhrich have 
a family of four children, the oldest of whom, 
Mctor A., married Tillie Harnisch and lives on 
the home farm ; Rehard, the third in order of 
birth, is the wife of Charles Peshak, of Spokane, 
Washington, a tinner by trade ; Joseph married 
Mary Stoberal and lives at Petersburg. \'ir- 
ginia, and Louisa, the youngest of the number, 
IS still with her parents. 



ROBERT S. PERSON is one of the hon- 
ored citizens of the state, of which he has been 
a resident since 1884. He has been identified 
with public, educational and civic affairs, and at 
the present time occupies the responsible position 
of auditor of the United States treasury for the 
interior department. He is a resident of Howard, 
Miner county. 

Mr. Person was born in Sheldon, Wyoming 
county. New York, on the 14th of May, 1857. 
and is a son of Solomon H. (1820-1861) and 
Mary (Hamilton) Person (1825-1881), the for- 
mer of English and the latter of Scotch lineage, 
while both families became established in Amer- 
ica in the colonial epoch. The father of the sub- 
ject was a farmer by vocation, and both he and 
his wife died in the state of New York. Robert 
S. Person received his rudimentary discipline in 
the district schools of his native county, and later 
continued his studies in turn in the East Au- 
rora Academy and Chesbrough Seminary, in the 
Empire state, and in Beloit College, Wisconsin ; 
he is also a graduate in law, having taken the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Laws at Columbian I'niver- 
sity, in the city of Washington. 

Mr. Person's father died when the son was but 
four years old. At the age of fourteen year.s 
Robert severed home ties and after that he was 
thrown largely upon his own resource's and be- 
came the architect of his own fortunes. For the 
next six years such education as he acquired 
was with the proceeds of his own earnings, 
either as a hired farm hand in summer or as a 
teacher of country schools in winter. For pev- 
eral vears he was successfullv engaged in teach- 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



ing, liaving been thus employed in New York, 
Wisconsin and Dakota territory. In 1884 he or- 
ganized the first public schools in Woonsocket, 
Sanborn county, in the then territory of Dakota, 
and was the principal of the high school at that 
place for two years. He was also a member of 
the board of trustees of the State Normal School 
at Madison for several years. 

While he was a student at Beloit College, Mr. 
Person earned his way by tutoring and by repor- 
torial work for the local press. The latter 
opened a new and congenial vocation, which af- 
forded him pleasure as well as a source of needed 
revenue. In 1886 he engaged in newspaper work 
at Woonsocket, and in 1888 he again located at 
Howard, Miner county, where he was editor and 
publisher of the Howard Press until September, 
1807, when he disposed of the plant and business 
to enter upon official duties at Washington, D. C, 
in connection with the federal government. From 

1895 to 1897, inclusive, Mr. Person held the po- 
sition of secretary of the state senate, and from 

1896 to 1898 he was secretary of the Republican 
state central committee. He has rendered effi- 
cient service in the promotion of the interests 
of the party in South Dakota, and has been an in- 
fluential factor in the party ranks ever since tak- 
ing up his residence in the state. In June, 1897, 
President McKinley appointed him deputy audi- 
tor of the United States treasury for the depart- 
ment of the interior, and after having filled that 
office for a term of four years the late lamented 
President appointed him auditor for the same de- 
partment. This appointment was made in May, 
1901, and in December of the same year Presi- 
dent Roosevelt renewed the appointment, and 
Mr. Person is still incumbent of the office, in 
the administration of which it is acknowledged 
he has demonstrated exceptional efficiency as a 
public officer. His duties involve great respon- 
sibilities, as about two hundred million dollars of 
public funds annually are advanced through him 
to agents, whose disbursements in turn must be 
accounted for to him. 

Among the cherished memories of Mr. Per- 
son's associations with public men is the fact 
that for seven years he enjoyed the personal 



friendship of the late Jilarcus A. Hanna, United 
States senator from the state of Ohio and chair- 
man of the Republican national committee. 

Mr. Person is a man of public spirit and 
progressive ideas, and has ever shown a lively 
interest in all that makes for the advancement 
and material prosperity of South Dakota, of 
which he may consistently be termed a pioneer. 
In politics he is a Republican. His family are 
comnuuiicants of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. 

On the 7th of August, 1884, Mr. Person was 
united in marriage to Miss Ellen A. Persons, 
who was born in Forbeston, Butte county. Cali- 
fornia, on the 23d of February, 1857, being a 
daughter of Dr. Horace T. and Jane (Fenton) 
Persons. ^Ir. and Mrs. Person have had six- 
children, of whom four are living, namelv : El- 
len Bertha, who was born in 1885 : Ethel Marion, 
who was born in 1892 : Horace Hamilton, who 
was born in 1893, and Mary Katharine, who was 
born in 1897. Helen Hamilton, who was born on 
the fith of June, 1888, died on the 23d of Febru- 
ary, 1889, and Robert S., Jr.. who was born De- 
cember 17, 1889, died March 29th, 1S96. 



PHILIP PFATLZGRAFF.— The name of 
the subject of this review indicates his foreign 
birth, also the part of the old world from which 
he came. Philip Pfatlzgraff was born November 
28, 1852, in Alsace Loraine, at that time under 
the dominion of France, but now a part of the 
German empiie, being the son of Frederick and 
Magdalena (Schnaberger) Pfatlzgraff, both par- 
ents natives of the same province. Bv occupa- 
tion the father was a farmer, which trade he fol- 
lowed the greater part of his life, both in Ger- 
many and the United States. When a young man 
he entered the French army and devoted sixteen 
years to the military service, spending a part of 
the time as a member of the band, having been 
an accomplished musician, especially on his fa- 
vorite 'instrument, the clarionet. Leaving the 
army, he resumed his trade and continued to 
work at the same in his native land until 1854. 
when he came to the United States and located in 



Il82 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



Rochester, New York. After spending two 
vears at nursery work in that city, he removed 
to Cook county, IlHnois, where he purchased land 
and devoted the ensuing fifteen years to agricul- 
tural pursuits, changing his abode at the expira- 
tion of that time to Butler county, Iowa, where 
he also developed a farm and continued to live 
the life of a contented and prosperous tiller of 
the soil for a period of eighteen years, dying in 
tlie town of Dumont on the 6th day of March, 
1898. Mrs. PfatlzgrafT, who is still living at Du- 
mont, Iowa, bore her husband seven children, the 
subject of this sketch being the oldest of the 
number. The others are George, a farmer of 
Butler county, Iowa ; Fred, a hardware merchant 
in the town of Dumont; Jacob, who is engaged 
with his brother in the hardware business ; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Schmitz, of Dumont ; Lena, whose 
husband, Ernest Schmitz. is a general merchant 
in the above town, and Qiarlotte. who married 
William Ahrens. a grain dealer of the same 
place. 

Philip Pfatlzgraff was but two years old 
when his parents came to this country, conse- 
quently he has no recollection of the land of his 
birth, being to all intents and purposes as much 
a citizen of the United States as if he had been 
born on American soil. During his youthful 
years he attended the district schools of Butler 
county and having been reared to agricultural 
pursuits he early became familiar with the rug- 
ged duties of the farm and grew up strong of 
body and with a well-defined purpose to make 
the most of his opportunities. Being the oldest 
of the family much of the labor of the homestead 
fell to him and he discharged the duty faithfully 
and well, working early and late in the fields 
and taking from his father's shoulders a great 
deal of the work and responsibility of running 
the farm. After remaining with his parents and 
looking after their interests until twenty-five 
years of age, he left home to make his own way 
in the world and in February, 1877, came to 
Bon Plomme county. South Dakota, locating at 
the town of Loretta, where in due time he en- 
gaged in general merchandising. 

Air. Pfatlzgrafif's business proved prosperous 



from the beginning and at this time he is pro- 
prietor of one of the largest and most successful 
mercantile establishments in the town, carrying 
a full stock of all articles demanded by the gen- 
eral trade, in addition to which he also handles 
all kinds of produce, which he ships in large 
quantities to the leading markets of the country. 
He has an extensive patronage, which is becom- 
ing larger every year and at this time the mag- 
nitude of his trade will compare favorably with 
that of any other merchant in the county out- 
side the more populous centers. 

Air. Pfatlzgraff possesses supreme financial 
ability and has seldom if ever made any but for- 
tunate investments. He owns fine town property, 
improved and well cared for, and in addition 
tliereto has purchased from time to time valuable 
farm lands in dififerent parts of the county, in- 
cluding the Henry Tjark place of eighty acres 
and a quarter section in Jefferson township, half 
of which is in cultivation. He leases the latter 
tract, but cultivates his eighty-acre farm, raising 
large crops of wheat, oats and corn, besides de- 
voting considerable attention to live stock, spe- 
cially to a fine grade of hogs, in the raising of 
which he has-been quite successful and the pro- 
ceeds from which add very materially to his in- 
come. Mr. Pfatlzgraff has been postmaster at 
Loretta for over twelve years and manages the 
office with the same care and consideration mani- 
fested in his individual business affairs. He 
maintains an abiding interest in the growth and 
development of the town, encouraging all meas- 
ures for the general good of the community and 
welfare of the people. 

Politically he wields a potent influence for 
the Republican party, the principles of which he 
has advocated ever since old enough to exercise 
the right of ballot, and fraternally holds member- 
ship with the Odd Fellows lodge in Dumont, 
Iowa. He has profound religious convictions 
and is a firm believer in the truths of the German 
Lutheran church, with which he has been iden- 
tified since childhood. 

The married life of Mr. Pfatlzgraff' dates from 
1870, in September of which year he was wedded 
to Aliss .\nna Aliller, of Dumont. Iowa, who has 



HISTORY OF SOUTH DAKOTA. 



1 183 



borne him two children, a daughter by the name 
of Dora M. and a son, George W., both of whom 
reside under the parental roof. 



LAWRENCE H. WILLRODT, one of the 
most prominent and successful farmers and stock 
growers of Brule county, is a native of the prov- 
ince of Schleswig, Germany, where he was born 
on the 17th of May, 1845. He received a good 
education in his native land, where he prepared 
himself for the p