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Full text of "A history of southern Illinois : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people, and its principal interests"

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A HISTORY 



OF 



SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 



A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress, its 
People, and its Principal Interests 



BY 

George Washington Smith, M. A. 



VOLUME III 



ILLUSTRATED 



THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 
1912 



OF THE 

OF !L 



History of Southern Illinois 



ERNEST F. MILLER. One of the old and highly respected families 
of Jackson county, Illinois, members of which have distinguished them- 
selves in business life and the professions for a number of years, is 
that of Miller, prominent members of which are found in Makanda, as 
representatives of the well-known banking firm of R. H. Miller & Son, 
of which R. H. Miller is president and Ernest P. Miller, cashier. Ernest 
F. Miller was born on a farm near the village of Makanda, December 
19, 1881, and is a son of Robert H. and Mahala (Oakes) Miller, and 
a grandson of Alexander and Catherine (McMullough) Miller, the 
former of Scotch and the latter of Scotch-Irish descent. 

Robert H. Miller was born in Guernsey county, Ohio, February 2, 
1837, and was a lad of fifteen years when brought to Illinois. Here 
he was reared to agricultural pursuits, and on reaching manhood took 
up that vocation, which he followed for many years. He is now liv- 
ing on a farm near the old homestead, and his wife, a member of the 
old Oakes and Zimmerman families of Union and Jackson counties, 
also survives. They have had three children: Miss Hattie, Charles 
A., a well known physician of Macon; and Ernest F. Mr. Miller is a 
well-known Mason, has been interested in Republican politics, and is 
a member of the Presbyterian church, with which his wife is also con- 
nected.- Both are well known and highly esteemed in their community. 

Ernest F. Miller's early life was spent on his father's farm, and 
his early education secured in the public schools and McKendree and 
Ewing Colleges. On finishing his education, at the age of fifteen years, 
he entered the employ of the Jackson State Bank, of Carbondale. was 
later in the First National Bank of East St. Louis, and eventually be- 
came connected with the Diamond Joe line of steamers. Eventually he 
became paymaster of the Defiance Box Company, at Defiance, Ohio, but 
in 1905 resigned this position to engage in the banking business with 
his father, and this has demanded all of his attention to the present 
time. Although still a young man, Mr. Miller has been recognized 
as one of the Republican leaders of his section, and has served as pres- 
ident of the village board. He belongs to the Masonic fraternity and 
the Modern Woodmen of America, in both of which he is very popu- 
lar, and his religious connection is with the Methodist Episcopal 
church, in the work of which both he and his wife are active. 

In 1907 Mr. Miller was married to Miss Venita Hall, daughter of J. 
C. Hall, of McLeansboro, and they have had one son, Frederick Eu- 
gene. During the time the business of R. H. Miller & Son has been 
operating in Makanda it has firmly established itself in the confidence 
of the people here, and it is considered one of the solid, substantial in- 
stitutions of this part of the state. The elder Miller has always borne 
an unblemished reputation in all of his business dealings, and his son 
has inherited the same high principles that have made his father so 

1087 

615104 



1088 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

highly respected. He has been ready at all times to aid by his means 
and enterprising spirit the building up of this part of Southern Illi- 
nois, and has many friends in both the business and social fields. 

HENRY WILLIAM SCHROEDER. The city of Breese, Illinois, is the home 
of some flourishing business houses whieh supply the large contiguous 
territory with necessities, and one that controls an extensive trade and is 
constantly enlarging its field of operations is that owned by Henry Wil- 
liam Schroeder, a lumber and building material business. Mr. Schroeder 
is well known to the citizens of Breese, as he has lived in this city all of 
his life, his birth having occurred here September 15, 1869. 

Mr. Schroeder is a son of Conrad Schroeder, who was born in Hessen, 
Germany, and came to the United States at the age of eighteen years, 
with a brother, John, who was sixteen years old at that time. Locating 
in Clinton county, Illinois, they began to follow their trades, Conrad being 
a wagon maker and John a blacksmith, and soon thereafter each entered 
business on his own account and became well and favorably known to 
the business citizens of the city of Breese. Conrad Schroeder married 
Miss Christina Wiese, of Clinton county, where her father was a prom- 
inent agriculturist, and they had a family of eight children, of whom 
five survive : Carrie ; Henry W. ; Louisa, who became the wife of E. G. 
Hofsommer ; Lydia, who married August Hofsommer ; and Emil J. Mr. 
Schroeder continued in the wagon making business, in connection with 
dealing in farming implements, up to the time of his death. His widow, 
who survives him, resides in Breese and attends St. John's Evangelical 
church, of which he was also a consistent member. In his political views 
he was a Republican, but his business interests always demanded all of 
his time and attention and he never held nor cared for public office. 

Henry W. Sehroeder spent his boyhood in Breese, where he attended 
the public schools, later entering the Southern Illinois Normal Univer- 
sity, and eventually took a course in architectural drawing at Shenk's 
Architectural Drawing School, St. Louis. Entering an architect's office 
in St. Louis, Mr. Schroeder continued to follow that line for a time, but 
eventually went into the carpenter and building business at St. Louis, 
having learned that trade before he took up architectural work. In 1892 
he came to Breese, where he formed a partnership with E. G. Hofsom- 
mer in the building and contracting business, and this association con- 
tinued for five years, when Mr. Schroeder purchased Mr. Hofsommer 's 
interests. Lately, however, he has almost entirely abandoned the con- 
tracting business, giving the major part of his attention to dealing in 
lumber and building material, and to the manufacture of artificial stone, 
as secretary of the Breese Artificial Stone Company. This company has 
extensive yards at Breese, and is one of the largest industries of this 
thriving city. In addition Mr. Schroeder is secretary of the Breese Water 
and Light Company, and takes an active and intelligent interest in all 
matters pertaining to the material welfare of his native city. He is a 
Republican, but, like his father, he has found no time to mix in politics. 
He attends St. John's Evangelical church, and is a member of the South- 
ern Illinois Lumber Dealers' Association and the Concordia Singing 
Society. 

In 1903 Mr. Schroeder was married to Miss Lily Hofsommer, daugh- 
ter of William J. Hofsommer, of Breese, and four children have been born 
to this union, namely : Melva, Irma, Margaret and Carl. Mr. Schroeder 
is an excellent business man, and has demonstrated that a man may be- 
come successful through the use of honorable and upright business meth- 
ods. His standing as a citizen is equally high, and personally he is very 
popular having many warm friends in the city of his birth. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1089 

ROBERT P. HILL. Among the distinctively prominent and brilliant 
lawyers of the state of Illinois none is more versatile, talented or well 
equipped for the work of his profession than Robert P. Hill, who main- 
tains his home and business headquarters at Marion, in Williamson 
county. Throughout his career as an able attorney and well fortified 
counselor he has, by reason of unimpeachable conduct and close observ- 
ance of the unwritten code of professional ethics, gained the admiration 
and respect of his fellow members of the bar, in addition to which he 
commands a high place in the confidence and esteem of his fellow citi- 
zens. At the present time, in 1911, Mr. Hill is a member of the law 
firm of Hill & Skaggs, of Marion, and he is representing the Fiftieth dis- 
trict of Illinois in the general assembly. 

The original representative of the Hill family in Illinois was John 
W. Hill, grandfather of the subject of this review. John W. Hill ac- 
companied his father to Illinois from North Carolina in an early day and 
he passed his life in Hamilton and Franklin counties where he was long 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. Robert P. Hill was born in Franklin 
county, Illinois, the date of his nativity being the 18th of April, 1874. 
He is a son of James B. Hill, a fruit commission man at Anna, Illinois. 
James B. Hill was born in Hamilton county, this state, in 1844. He was 
a gallant and true soldier in the One Hundred and Tenth Illinois Vol- 
unteer Infantry during the war of the Rebellion, having belonged to the 
Army of the Cumberland. He participated in strenuous conflicts at 
Murfreesboro, Lookout Mountain and Mississippi Ridge and received his 
honorable discharge from service in 1865. For a number of years he was 
most successfully engaged in farming operations in Franklin county, 
Illinois, but in 1899 he located at Anna, where he has since been en- 
gaged in the commission business. In 1869 was solemnized his marriage 
to Miss Rebecca Spilman, a daughter of a noted Christian minister, who 
died at Mulkeytown, this state, at the advanced age of eighty years. 
Mrs. Hill passed to the life eternal in 1884, and concerning her children, 
Robert P. is the immediate subject of this review; James J. is circuit 
court clerk of Franklin county, Illinois ; Rebecca A. is the wife of Joseph 
Webb, a prominent merchant and farmer near Ewing, Illinois; and 
W. J. Hill, of St. Louis, Missouri. Two daughters, Sarah and Alice, are 
both deceased. 

Robert P. Hill was reared to the invigorating influences of the old 
homestead farm in Franklin county and his preliminary educational 
training was completed by a course in the Ewing, Illinois, College, in / 
which he was graduated as a member of the class of 1896, duly receiving 
his degree of Bachelor of Science. While attending college he taught 
two sessions of county school in the vicinity of his home and after leav- 
ing college he came to Williamson county, where he was elected principal 
of the Crab Orchard Academy, serving in that capacity for two years. 
Being ambitious for legal training, he located at Marion, where he began 
to read law under the able preceptorship of Messrs. D. T. Hartwell and 
E. M. Spiller. He was engaged in the real estate and life and fire in- 
surance business while in the embryonic stage as a lawyer. In June, 
1906, Mr. Hill went to Chicago, where he passed the state bar examina- 
tion and where he was admitted to the bar of Illinois. He initiated the 
active practice of his profession at Marion, where for a time he was alone 
but where he is now associated in a business way with Walter W. Skaggs. 

The first public service of an official nature rendered by Mr. Hill was 
that of police magistrate of Marion, to which office he was elected prior 
to his admission to the bar. Subsequently he was elected city attorney 
of Marion, succeeding Hosea Ferrell in the office and serving therein for 
a period of two years. It was during his incumbency as city attorney 
that the city paving was inaugurated. In 1910 he was nominated as one 
of the Democratic candidates of the Fiftieth district for representation 



1090 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

in the general assembly of the state. The district comprises the counties 
of Franklin, Williamson, Union, Alexander and Pulaski, and while the 
district is normally Republican by a wide majority he was elected to the 
office. His interest in legislation has not taken a wide range but it is 
shown to be practical by the activity he has manifested in legislating for 
good roads, to reform the bill of lading practice of railroads and other 
common carriers, to remove the technicality of "exceptions" in cases on 
appeal to higher courts of the state and to eliminate the fee evil of the 
state's attorney's office by placing the incumbent of that position on a 
salary instead of tempting him with the fee graft, as of old. In the 
Forty-seventh general assembly Mr. Hill was made a member of the com- 
mittees on judiciary, judicial department and practice, good roads, mili- 
tary affairs, railroads and the committee to visit penal and reformatory 
institutions. He was also selected by his party as a member of the 
Democratic steering committee. 

Mr. Hill's plan for good-roads legislation was agitated in the house 
and the same resulted in the naming of a committee to meet with a com- 
mittee of the senate for the purpose of selecting another committee to 
investigate conditions and make recommendations to the next general 
assembly in that connection. Existing laws upon the subject will be re- 
vised and the element of economy will enter into the consideration of 
the question by the committee. As chairman of the sub-committee of the 
house on railroads Mr. Hill was enabled to report favorably on the 
" uniform bill-of-lading bill" and he secured its passage through the 
house. As the end of the session was near the bill was hurried over to 
the senate, where its friends secured prompt action, and the measure is 
now a law. 

Mr. Hill introduced a bill to change the court practice of requiring 
"exceptions" to be made and noted during the trial of a cause before an 
appeal to the higher courts could be taken and have standing with the 
body. The bill provides that where any point in a bill is controverted 
and passed on by the trial judge the party ruled adversely against may 
take up the case on appeal on a writ of error without reference to form 
of "exceptions" heretofore required to be made. The bill is now a part 
of the statutes of 1911. 

It has been common knowledge for years that the office of state's 
attorney should be placed upon a salary basis in order to get the best 
moral and financial results for the state. The temptation for graft is 
ever present with the incumbent of the office and it has too frequently 
been taken advantage of. A bill to abolish the fee evil came over to the 
house from the senate end of the capital and Mr. Hill, as a friend of 
the framer of the measure, fathered it and secured its passage, with the 
result that it is now a law. 

Mr. Hill in his legal practice is recognized as a particularly able law- 
yer and among his clients are numbered some of the largest corporations 
and most influential business concerns in this section of the state. As 
already intimated, he is a stalwart Democrat in his political affiliations 
and he is a zealous and active factor in all matters bearing on the party 
welfare. He is connected with a number of fraternal organizations of 
representative character and his religious faith is in harmony with the 
tenets of the Baptist church, in whose faith he was reared. He is a 
man of broad human sympathy and fine mental caliber and is held in 
high esteem by all with whom he has come in contact. 

On the 25th of December, 1901, Robert P. Hill was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Lora Corder, of Marion. Mrs. Hill is a daughter of the late 
Willis Corder, who was born and reared in Williamson county, Illinois, 
and whose father was a pioneer here. Mrs. Hill is a grand niece of the 
historic character and frontier lawyer of this county, Anderson P. Cor- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1091 

der, who was a compeer of Lincoln and other ante-bellum lawyers of 
Illinois. Willis Corder married Julia Springs, and Mrs. Hill was their 
only child. Robert P., Jr., born on the 30th of June, 1905, is the issue 
of Mr. and Mrs. Hill. 

WALTER CLYDE SHOUPE. An enterprising and successful journalist, 
Walter Clyde Shoupe, editor of the Constitution at Carlyle, and a mem- 
ber of the firm of T. D. Shoupe & Sons, publishers, is widely known 
throughout Clinton county in connection with his paper, which has the 
distinction of being the only Democratic paper published in Clinton 
county, Illinois. He was born at New Athens, Saint Clair County, Illi- 
nois, March 25, 1876, where his father, Theodore David Shoupe, was 
then living. His grandfather, Abram Shoupe, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, married Catherine Tannehill, who was born and bred in Kentucky, 
and in 1830 settled in Belleville, Saint Clair county, Illinois, becoming a 
pioneer of that locality. 

One of a family of seven children, Theodore David Shoupe was born 
in Belleville, Illinois, November 24, 1837. In his youthful days he 
learned the printer's trade in the office of the Belleville Tribune, which 
was then edited by his brother, William H. Shoupe, but was later con- 
ducted by G. A. Harvey. Becoming proficient at the trade, he went to 
Tamaroa, Perry county, Illinois, and there published the True American. 
In 1871 he purchased the New Athens Era, in Saint Clair county, and 
published it three and one-half years, after which he worked at the case 
in the office of the Republican, at Saint Louis, Missouri. On July 4, 
1881, he bought a half interest in the Constitution and Union, at Carlyle, 
Illinois, and conducted it, in partnership with R. D. Moore, until 1885. 
From that time he was in partnership with R. H. Norfolk until Mr. Nor- 
folk's death, in 1892, when he bought out the heirs of his former part- 
ner. Admitting then to partnership his two sons, under the firm name of 
T. D. Shoupe & Sons, he changed the name of the paper to The Carlyle 
Constitution, under which it has since been conducted. He has made the 
paper thoroughly Democratic in its principles, and the public has shown 
its appreciation in a gratifying way, its circulation being large and emi- 
nently satisfactory. Although he has outlived the appointed three score 
and ten years of man 's life, Mr. Shoupe is still active both mentally and 
physically, and puts in full time each day in the office of his newspaper. 
He is indeed a veteran journalist, and is distinguished as the oldest 
editor in Southern Illinois. 

Fifty-three years ago, in 1858, Mr. Theodore D. Shoupe was united 
in marriage with Louisa J. Moore, who was born in Saint Clair county, 
Illinois, of pioneer parents, and of the children born of their union five 
daughters and two sons are living, both of the sons being associated with 
him in the publication of the Constitution. Mrs. Shoupe is a faithful 
member of the Baptist church, and Mr. Shoupe was formerly a member 
of the Knights of Honor. 

Walter Clyde Shoupe was educated in Carlyle, being graduated from 
the Carlyle High School with the class of 1890. He immediately began 
work in his father's printing office yielding, no doubt, to a natural ten- 
dency toward journalism. His natural ability in that line brought him 
rapid promotion, and a few years later, as above stated, he and his 
brother were both made members of the publishing firm of T. D. Shoupe 
& Sons, and have retained their connection with the Canstitution. The 
Shoupe family have been associated with the newspaper world for sixty 
or more years, and the journal which it is now editing is one of the very 
few Democratic papers of the state which has faithfully supported the 
principles of the party at all times. 



1092 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

"Walter Clyde Shoupe is an intelligent, progressive journalist, and 
as a stanch Democrat in politics is chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee. He is now rendering excellent service as master in chancery 
of Clinton county, and is president of the Carlyle Board of Education. 
Fraternally he is a member and master of Scott Lodge, No. 79, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Order of Masons. 

NATIONAL STOCK YARDS NATIONAL BANK. In connection with the es- 
tablishment of the Saint Louis National Stock Yards and the develop- 
ment of the live stock industry in Southern Illinois and Missouri it be- 
came evident to the business interests located at the Stock Yards that a 
bank was necessary for the proper carrying on of the business. 

In 1872, therefore, a private bank was organized by Messrs. Newman 
and Farr, who carried on the business until 1887. That year the bank 
passed into the control of Isaac H. and C. G. Knox, who in 1889 incor- 
porated the institution under the state law, with a capital stock of 
fifty thousand dollars, under the name of the Stock Yard Bank of 
Brooklyn the name Brooklyn was included from the little town of 
Brooklyn adjoining the Stock Yards on the northwest. With the growth 
of the market and the enlargement of the transactions there it became 
necessary to increase the facilities of the bank. In 1892 the capital was 
increased to one hundred thousand dollars, the deposits then being about 
three hundred and fifty thousand. Mr. C. G. Knox, at this time acting 
as president of the bank, was also managing officer of the Saint Louis 
Stock Yards Company. He was a director of the Mechanics- American 
National Bank of St. Louis, a member of numerous prominent clubs, and 
a man very highly thought of in social and business circles in the city of 
Saint Louis. There was very great regret manifested by his business 
associates at his death in 1907, which occurred on ship board in the Gulf 
of Mexico, terminating a vacation trip to the Panama Canal. 

Snelson Chesney, at that time cashier of the bank, was made pres- 
ident, and in 1908 the bank was reorganized under the National Banking 
Law as the National Stock Yards National Bank, with a capital of three 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and a surplus of seventy thousand 
dollars, the deposits being two million and forty-five thousand dollars. 

On the first of January, 1910, Mr. Wright was elected president and 
Mr. Sullivan, cashier. At the present time the officers are as follows: 
Wirt Wright, president ; C. T. Jones, vice-president ; M. A. Traylor, vice- 
president ; O. J. Sullivan, cashier ; H. W. Kramer, assistant cashier ; R. 
D. Garvin, assistant cashier. The directors are as follows : L. F. Swift, 
Edward Tilden, G. R. Collett, William Cullen, C. M. Macfarlane, C. T. 
Jones, Wirt Wright, 0. J. Sullivan, M. A. Traylor. The bank now has 
a capital of $350,000 ; surplus and undivided profits of $238,000, and the 
deposits are about $4.000,000. 

Of the active officers of the bank- the president was born at Liberty- 
ville, Illinois, in 1878 ; was graduated from Beloit College in 1901 and im- 
mediately entered the office of N. W. Harris and Company, bond dealers 
in Chicago. After three years' service there he accepted the cashiership 
of the First National Bank of Edgerton, Wisconsin, remaining there until 
April 1, 1907, at which time he was elected cashier of the then Stock 
Yard Bank at the National Stock Yards. 

Mr. Traylor, vice-president, is a native of Kentucky, was born in 
Adair county in 1878, and spent his youth in the mountains of that 
state, leaving there at the age of twenty for Texas. There he was ad- 
mitted to the bar and became assistant prosecuting attorney of Hill 
county. Mr. Traylor practiced law for some years and finally became 
interested in the banking business and was associated with several banks 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1093 

in Texas, ultimately becoming president of the First National Bank 
of Ballinger. This position he resigned to accept the vice-presidency of 
the National Stock Yards National Bank. 

Mr. Sullivan, cashier of the bank, was born in 1878, in Saint Louis, 
and received his early education in the Saint Louis schools. Quite early 
he entered the office of the Mechanics-American National Bank in Saint 
Louis, and joined the force of the Stock Yards Bank in 1901. He has 
since filled every subordinate position in the bank, becoming cashier in 
January, 1910. 

JOHN RUF, JR. A worthy representative of the native-born citizens 
of Carlyle, Illinois, John Ruf, Jr., is well known in the newspaper world, 
and as editor of the Union- Banner, is devoting all his thought and energy 
to making that journal bright, newsy, readable and clean. He was born 
January 12, 1879, in Carlyle, and is the third in direct line of descent to 
bear the name of John Ruf. 

His paternal grandfather, John Ruf, the first, was born in Germany, 
and was there bred and married. In 1852, soon after the death of his 
wife, Elizabeth Ruf, he immigrated with his family to America, locating 
in Saint Louis, Missouri, where he was variously occupied for a few years. 
Coming to Illinois in 1863, he was a resident of Waterloo until 1878, when 
he returned to his old home in Germany, where he lived until his death, 
two years later. He reared four children, of whom his son John, the next 
in line of descent, was the second child. 

John Ruf, second, or senior, as he now is, was born November 26, 
1842, in Braunlingen, Baden, Germany, and in the eleventh year of his 
age came with his father to the United States. After acquiring a practi- 
cal education in private schools at Saint Louis he learned the printer's 
trade, which he followed for seven years, from 1862 until 1869. Going 
then to California, he worked at his trade a short time, but not con- 
tent there returned to Missouri. In 1873 he located in Carlyle, Illinois, 
and for three years was employed on the Clinton County Pioneer. In 
1876 he established the Southern Illinois Zeitung, a weekly German 
paper, and managed it a number of years. In 1886 he purchased a half 
interest in the Union Banner, which had been established a few years 
earlier by the late J. M. Peterson, whose widow retained the other half in- 
terest in the paper. In 1888 John Ruf, Sr., bought out Mrs. Peterson.'s 
share in the paper, and has since had entire control of the plant. He is 
a stanch Republican in politics, and during the Civil war was a warm sup- 
porter of the Union. In the spring of 1861 he was enrolled in Company 
A, Second Missouri Volunteer Infantry, and served until being mustered 
out with his regiment in August. 1861. 

John Ruf, Sr., married, in 1875, Josephine Hubert, a daughter of 
Jacob Hubert, who emigrated from Lorraine, France, his native city, in 
1844, to Illinois, becoming one of the pioneer settlers of Clinton county. 
Eleven children were born of their xinion, namely : Josephine ; Edwin 
Jacob, deceased ; John, Jr. ; Harry, deceased ; Elsa ; Martha, wife of W. P. 
Hinkel ; Ernest; Hubert, deceased; Paul and Brunoe, twins, deceased; 
and Leo. Fraternally John Ruf, Sr., is a member of the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows; of the Modern Woodmen of America, and of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

John Ruf. Jr.. was educated in the public schools of Carlyle, where he 
was well drilled in the rudimentary branches of knowledge. Inheriting a 
love for journalism, he entered his father's printing office in 1896, and in 
course of time mastered the mechanical details of the printer's trade. He 
subsequently served with ability in different capacities, and since the ill- 
ness of his father has assumed the assistant editor's chair, which he is 



1094 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

filling successfully. The Union Banner, an interesting and newsy paper, 
is Republican in politics, and under the efficient management of Mr. Ruf 
enjoys the largest circulation of any paper in Clinton county. 

Mr. Ruf is free from domestic cares and tribulations, never having be- 
come a benedict, but he has led a busy and useful life, and being a man of 
liberal views, energetic and progressive, he is held in high esteem as a 
man and a citizen. He is an enthusiastic musician, playing the cornet 
and the clarinet, and is a member of the American Federation of Musi- 
cians. Fraternally Mr. Ruf belongs to the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Order of Masons and to the Mutual Protective League. 

LEONIDAS J. MAY, M. D. Dr. May has been established in the town of 
Cobden, Union county, Illinois, ever since beginning his practice in 1905, 
and in that time has built up a fine practice and enjoys the confidence of 
the community to whose ills he has ministered so wisely. He is a con- 
stant student of his profession and is never ceasing in his efforts to keep 
in touch with the latest discoveries of the science to which he has elected 
to devote his life and to which so many of the greatest men the world 
has produced are devoting their powers. Dr. May, who is still to be 
counted of the younger generation, is a native son of Illinois, his eyes 
having first opened to the light of day in Marion, Williamson county. 
He is a son of Rev. G. W. May, a minister of the Cumberland Presby- 
terian church and well known for his ability and services in the high 
cause of his honored calling. The elder gentleman is a native of John- 
son county and a son of William May, a native of Tennessee, who mi- 
grated to Johnson county and had the distinction of being one of the 
earliest settlers of Southern Illinois. He was prominent in the simple, 
friendly, wholesome and strenuous life of the new section and his good life 
has been recorded as a legacy to his descendants. He took as his wife a 
Miss Simpson, a member of another pioneer family. Four of the brothers 
of William May and four of his wife 's brothers were soldiers in the Civil 
war, their sympathies being enlisted in the cause of the Union. 

The youth of the Rev. G. W. May was passed in both Johnson and 
Williamson counties, the family removing to the latter when he was ten 
years of age. He married Sarah L. Davis, a native of eastern Tennessee. 
When she was nine years of age her parents migrated to Williamson 
county. The father was born in the year 1850 and has been a minister for 
twenty years, being at the present time located at Owensville, Indiana. 
He reared a family of six children, namely : Edna, now Mrs. McLain, of 
Union county ; Ada Pearl, wife of Dr. Stewart, of Anna, Illinois ; Myrtle 
(Barckniann) ; Daisy (Cantwell) ; Cecil (Wilder) ; and Leonidas J. 

Dr. May, immediate subject of this review, was educated in part in 
the Marion schools, finishing nine school grades when fifteen years of 
age. He was for one year a student in the Anna high school and one year 
in that at Patoka, Indiana. He finished his classical education in Oak- 
land College, Oakland City, Indiana, in 1898. Meantime, however, he 
had been working at various occupations and his studies were frequently 
interrupted while earning a livelihood. The family was in modest cir- 
cumstances, as is proverbial with the families of ministers. When eleven 
years of age he was working on a farm near Cobden and first and last he 
did a good deal of work of this kind in the vicinity of Cobden. Later he 
engaged in sawmill work for three years in the vicinity of Anna, Illinois. 
He also worked in a brick plant in the Hoosier state for a year and in 
1897 began teaching. His pedagogical services extended over a period of 
six years and included a year near Princeton, Indiana ; two years in the 
Francisco high school ; three years as principal of the high school at Mon- 
roe City, Indiana. In the meantime he had come to the conclusion to make 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1095 

the medical profession his own and while teaching pursued his studies in 
the Indiana State University at Bloomington, completing the course in 
two years. In the spring of 1902 he entered the Kentucky School of 
Medicine at Louisville and studied for four years, graduating in 1905. 
While pursuing his studies in the Keystone state he was interne in the 
Louisville City Hospital. In October, 1905, he passed the Illinois state 
board examinations and immediately located at Cobden, where he has 
built up an excellent practice and where he enjoys the regard of the com- 
munity. He is affiliated with the Union county, the Illinois State and 
the American Medical Associations, and with the Masonic order at Cob- 
den. He is a Presbyterian in church faith. 

Dr. May was happily married February 26, 1908, Miss Stella Stout, 
of Cobden, daughter of Henry P. and Susan (Rich) Stout, becoming his 
wife. They have a small son, Robert Leon. 

B. CLEMENS NIEBUR. One of the successful farmers of Clinton county, 
whose progressive views have done much for the section, is B. Clemens 
Xiebur. When he came to Breese, Illinois, where he now resides, he found 
nothing but wild prairie land, while the town itself was only a tiny set- 
tlement of a few houses clustered around a church. With characteristic 
enterprise he first proceeded to get his land into proper condition for 
farming and then he turned his attention to the affairs of the town. In 
the position of supervisor of this township he accomplished much toward 
the building up of the country around Breese, and in looking now over 
the thriving city one must remember the man who had a hand in its de- 
velopment. 

B. Clemens Niebur was born in the province of Hanover, Germany, on 
the 12th of September, 1838. His father, John Henry Niebur, was also a 
native of Hanover, the date of his birth being the 23rd of January, 1802. 
As a young man the father was a tenant farmer, carrying on at the same 
time a brisk trade in Holland. The commodities in which he dealt were 
an odd mixture, such as bacon and wooden shoes, cheese and clothing. At 
the age of thirty-two he was married to Gasina A. Maua, of the province 
of Hanover. His wife was born on the 23rd of January, 1808, and four 
children were born of this union. Joseph, Clemens, Christina and John. 
Excepting Clemens, John is the only one of the children now living. In 
1852 Mr. Niebur immigrated to America, bringing the whole family. He 
bought two hundred acres and located in Germantown township, a farm 
which he worked until his death on the 14th of September, 1882. Mrs. 
Niebur did not long survive her husband, dying in 1884. Both were 
members of the Catholic church. When Mr. Niebur came to America his 
first act, as soon as it was possible, was to become a citizen of the United 
States and his political allegiance was always to the Democratic party. 

The youth of B. Clemens Niebur was spent in Germany, his education 
being obtained in the common schools. At the age of fourteen he came to 
America with his parents and for a time he attempted to go on with his 
education by attending evening school, but this was given up after a short 
time. As a mere boy he then started to work in a brick yard at German- 
town, and stayed in this work for two years when, his father needing ex- 
tra help with his farm, he began to work for him. He later hired out as 
a farm hand to a neighbor and worked in this capacity for three years. 

At the age of twenty-three he married Anna Maria Albers, the daugh- 
ter of Frank Albers, of Germantown. The date of this event was the llth 
of February, 1862, and afterwards he took his young wife to a farm in 
St. Rose township. Here he not only engaged in agriculture but managed 
to lay by a few dollars by operating a kiln for burning lime. After a 



1096 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

few months Mr. Niebur decided to move to his present location northwest 
of Breese. Here he has passed the remainder of his successful life. 

Mr. Niebur owns his farm and also has considerable money invested 
in real estate in St. Louis. In politics he is a Democrat and his party has 
always found him a willing and hearty worker whenever occasion offered. 
In religious matters Mr. Niebur clings to the belief of his fathers, and is a 
communicant and devout attendant at the Catholic church. 

Mrs. Niebur was born on the 31st of October, 1839, and died on the 
26th of March, 1883, at Breese, Illinois. She and Mr. Niebur became the 
parents of eight children, of whom five are living. Henry, a merchant 
at New Baden ; Frank, a huckster at St. Louis ; Mary, who is dead ; Joseph 
and Theodore, both of whom are farmers ; Elizabeth, who is Mrs. Josen 
Boennighausen, of St. Louis, and two who died in infancy. 

SAMUEL HART is the able and conspicuous representative of the com- 
mercial phase of activity in Marion. His establishment is the mecca 
for all who want satisfactory dry goods and ready made garments, and 
"Harts" has been known as an up-to-date and progressive store for a 
number of years. 

The Hart family, of which this popular merchant is a member, was 
founded by J. Hart, who was born in the town of Bochum, Prussia, in 
1818. He was the son of a large and successful stock raiser of Bochum, 
near Ebersfeld, but he 1-onged for the freedom and the unknown scenes 
of that United States, of which he had heard so many fascinating tales. 
He left, his Fatherland in 1839, and upon landing in this country made 
his way to Missouri, where he began the foundation of his fortune, as 
have so many others of his race, as a peddler with a pack strapped on 
his back. These traveling merchants were quite common at this time 
and in some places met with hostility and harsh treatment from those 
prejudiced against his race. Persecutions were directed against him be- 
cause once when utterly wearied by the weight of the heavy burden upon 
his back, he dared to lean against the fence of some Gentile. It would 
have fared badly with him had he not had a letter of introduction to 
Judge Martin, of Lincoln county, who came to his aid and took him into 
his home, and, lending his sympathy and personal interest, put an end 
to the intolerant attitude of those arrayed against him. At first he was 
only allowed to ply his trade on sufferance, but after a time the poor and 
industrious young commercial adventurer won the friendly co-operation 
of his fellow citizens. This was all due to the championship of Judge 
Martin, and from that time the Judge and the young Hebrew were fast 
friends. 

When by careful management and strict economy Mr. Hart had saved 
enough money he established himself in the mercantile business in Troy, 
Missouri. He prospered as a merchant and as fast as the money rolled 
in he invested it in other lines of business. In this way he acquired 
considerable landed property and became a successful farmer by proxy. 
The farmers all knew him as a good man with whom to dispose of their 
produce, so they brought him their grain and stock, upon which he made 
a considerable profit in the St. Louis markets. His mercantile house, 
meanwhile, became one of the chief ones of the county and his estate 
was reckoned one of the largest in Troy. He must not be thought of as 
a mere money maker, for his personal popularity became so well known 
that he was appointed by President Lincoln as an officer to aid in the 
establishment of order in Lincoln county during the period of the Civil 
war. In this sort of provost marshal position Mr. Hart's reputation as a 
careful administrator of justice waxed strong. In politics he was at first 
a Democrat, but during the campaign of 1896, when his party inserted 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1097 

the "free silver" plank in their platform, he changed his allegiance and 
espoused the cause of Republicanism, to which he ever after remained 
loyal. 

Joseph Hart married, in Lincoln county, Missouri, Miss Temperance 
Stuart, a daughter of Robert Stuart, who had come into this region from 
Kentucky. The death of his wife occurred in 1873, and for his second 
wife Mr. Hart married Rose Steiner. The children of his first marriage 
are: Adolph, of Worthington, Minnesota; Hermann and Jacob, mem- 
bers of the mercantile firm of J. Hart Sons ; Chester, Illinois ; and Sam- 
uel, of Marion. The three sons of his second marriage are : Louis J., who 
is with the Federal Mercantile Company, of Bartlesville, Oklahoma; 
Isaac 0., who is with the Globe Shoe and Clothing Company, of St. Louis ; 
and Dr. E. R., whose dental offices are in the Third National Bank Build- 
. ing in St. Louis. 

Samuel Hart, the second youngest son of his mother, was born in 
Troy, Missouri, on the 18th of August, 1869. His literary education was 
gained in the public schools of his home town, and his business training 
was had through actual experience as a clerk in his father's store, the 
most practical and useful training that can fall to the lot of a future 
merchant. When he was ready to engage in an independent venture 
he established himself in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, and conducted a gen- 
eral dry goods business there for six years. Deciding that Marion, Illi- 
nois, offered him better chances for investment, he came to the city and 
since then has spent almost a decade in active business here. In 1903 
he bought the stock of Mrs. Shannon Holland and has since given its 
management the benefit of his years of training and mercantile experi- 
ence. 

On the 24th of January, 1894, Samuel Hart and Miss Anna Graves 
were married in Montgomery City, Missouri. She is a daughter of Dr. 
J. F. Graves, who had migrated from Virginia many years ago. Mrs. 
Hart was born in Montgomery City, on the 29th of November, 1872, and 
she and Mr. Hart are the parents of two children, Fannie Temperance 
and Eugene Graves. In political matters Mr. Hart is a Republican, Jrut 
is contented to limit his activities to casting the ballot. He is an inter- 
ested member of the local Masonic chapter, and is a member of the Blue 
Lodge. He is also a member of the Elks Club. Being a strong advocate 
of the organization of retail merchants everywhere, he is an enthusiastic 
member of the Retail Merchants Association of Illinois. 

Although the life of Samuel Hart does not show the indomitable reso- 
lution to overcome all odds, or the patience to endure whatever was in- 
flicted, as was found in the life of his father, yet these qualities are evi- 
dently latent in him or he could never have reached the important position 
that he holds today. His keen sense and his thorough knowledge of his 
business have won him the admiration of his business acquaintances, both 
friends and foes. On the other hand, his many fine qualities of mind and 
heart have caused to be gathered about him numberless friends. 

FRANK ERNST, secretary and general manager of the New Baden Mill- 
ing Company, organized principally by him in 1900, is one of the solid 
men of his district. All" his life connected with the milling industry, he 
is regarded as one of the foremost millers of this favored section of Illi- 
nois. His efforts have been rewarded with a degree of success consistent 
with his labors, and as a man of splendid traits, both in his capacity as a 
man of business and as a valuable citizen, he takes a high rank in his com- 
munity. 

Born June 8, 1863, in Hanover, Germany, Frank Ernst is the son of 
Henry and Theresa (Engelke) Ernst, of Hanover, Germany, in which 



1098 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

town the parents were reared and passed their lives. They were the 
parents of a family of six children : Henry, Prank, Jauchaim, Lena, now 
Mrs. John Moehle, Josephine, the wife of Frederick Schroeder, and 
Therese. The father died in 1901 and the wife and mother passed away 
four years later. They were communicants of the Roman Catholic church 
all their lives. 

Frank Ernst came to America on March 6, 1879, locating first in St. 
Louis, Missouri, where he was employed in a wholesale flour house. From 
there he went to Belleville, where he secured work as shipping clerk for 
the Crown Mills, and he remained with them for some years, studying the 
business in every detail, the one dominant idea of his life to become estab- 
lished in a business for himself. He labored so well that in 1886, on New 
Year's day, he started up a grain business in Belleville on his own respon- 
sibility. He continued there for the space of one year, then removing to 
Mount Vernon. where he again entered the grain business, and after an- 
other year he sold out and went to Clinton, Missouri. His time there was 
as brief as in the other places, and he went on to New Memphis, Illinois, 
continuing there for some little time, and on July 1, 1890, he established 
a milling business in New Baden, Illinois, which is now known as the 
New Baden Milling Company, incorporated under the laws of the state, 
with Mr. Ernst as secretary and general manager of the organization. 
The company has done a splendid business in the years of its operation, 
the bulk of their meal and grits going to the south and the feed to Penn- 
sylvania, corn being the product they utilize. Mr. Ernst has run the 
business with a view to conservative advancement, and as a result the 
New Baden Milling Company is one of the most stable and reliable con- 
cerns in the community. 

Mr. Ernst is a Democrat in his political leanings, but is in no sense 
what might be termed a politician. He is averse to any political entangle- 
ments and his interest in the party is in a purely impersonal sense. He 
has served his village four terms in the capacity of president, proving 
himself to be competent in affairs of civic administration, but further 
than that he has not gone. Like his parents, Mr. Ernst is a devout church- 
man of the Roman Catholic faith, as is also his family. 

On October 23, 1895, Mr. Ernst married Miss Lillian Hoffman of St. 
Louis, Missouri, and of their union four children have been born. They 
are : Katherine, born January 22, 1897 ; Elenora, born December 30, 1899 ; 
Francis, born August 8, 1901 ; and Frederick Richard, born December 28, 
1905. Their first born, Katherine, passed away on October 27, 1902. 

FRANCIS MABION HEWITT. As long as diseases and accidents assail 
humanity and render health and life uncertain among men the good drug- 
gist will be ever with them and they will regard him with esteem, or even 
veneration, in proportion to their needs and the extent and value of the 
service he is able to render them. So, on account of the nature of his busi- 
ness, if for no other reason, the people of Carbondale and Jackson county 
would have a high regard for Francis M. Hewitt, one of their leading 
pharmacists and chemists. 

But there are other reasons, and strong ones, for the high place Mr. 
Hewitt occupies in the public estimation of the city and county of his 
home and the seat of his business operations. He is an enterprising and 
progressive man, with a cordial practical interest in the welfare of the 
community around him, and great energy and intelligence in helping to 
promote it in every way open to him. He is always among the first to 
come forward in support of every worthy enterprise for the good of the 
people, or the development and improvement of the region in which he 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1099 

lives, and in everything that pertains to good citizenship he is second to 
nobody in loyalty or the strict and prompt discharge of duty. 

Mr. Hewitt is a native of Johnson county, Illinois, where he was born 
on May 3, 1870. His parents, John L. and Mary Ann (Casey) Hewitt, 
were farmers, but Mr. Hewitt remembers very little about them, as when 
he was but two and a half years of age his father died, and when he was 
but nine death robbed him also of his mother. He was therefore thrown 
on his own resources at an early age, and had to work his way through 
school and into some lucrative channel of employment before he could 
secure even a foothold for advancement in the struggle for supremacy 
among men. 

He was able to attend the public schools in Johnson and Williamson 
counties in a remittent sort of a way while working for a meager recom- 
pense on farms and at other employment, and he made such good use of 
his limited opportunities that he acquired considerable elementary schol- 
arship, even in this fugitive way and at the age of nineteen taught school 
in Williamson county, the district joining the Marion city school on the 
north. His aim was lofty and he kept his eye steadily on the goal of 
his hopes, using every means at his command to advance toward it. 
He worked for his room and board while he attended the department 
of pharmacy in the Northwestern University, Chicago, and in 1893 
he came forth as a graduate of that great institution and qualified to prac- 
tice pharmacy according to all the legal requirements. 

For a few months after his graduation he clerked in drug stores in 
Chicago and St. Louis, then came to Carbondale in the autumn of the 
year last mentioned. He remained in the city three years employed in 
his chosen line of work. But in 1896 he learned of a good opening in 
Paducah, Kentucky, and immediately took advantage of it, remaining in 
that city until 1899. He passed the next year in Clarksville, Tennessee, 
and in 1900 returned to Carbondale and started the business in the drug 
trade which he is still conducting here, and in which he has built up a 
large and representative patronage, with its accompanying public confi- 
dence and esteem. 

From his advent in the city Mr. Hewitt has been very zealous and 
energetic in his efforts to promote its welfare and advance its progress 
and improvement. In every department of its being he has made his in- 
fluence felt for good, and has been especially forceful and effective in 
connection with its civic affairs. In 1911 he was one of the leading 
workers for the establishment of the commission form of government for 
the city, and did more than almost any other man to bring it about. 
After it was adopted the people insisted that as he had been so potential 
in bringing the issue to a successful conclusion, and had shown so much 
wisdom in reference to the matter, he was one of the best men they had 
to put the new plan in operation and must take his share of the responsi- 
bility involved in starting it properly. He was made commissioner of 
health and public safety, an office which he is now filling with great ac- 
ceptability to the whole population. 

Mr. Hewitt was also one of the founders of the Carbondale National 
Bank and is now one of its directors and its vice president. He is an 
active and zealous member of the Christian church, and has served as one 
of the trustees of the Carbondale congregation of that sect. In the fra- 
ternal life of the city and county he has been active and serviceable as a 
Knight of Pythias, an Odd Fellow and a member of the Order of Elks. 
In the Knights of Pythias he has been the chancellor commander of his 
lodge, and in the Order of Odd Fellows has twice occupied the chair of 
noble grand. In the Order of Elks he belongs to Paducah, Kentucky, 
Lodge No. 236. 



1100 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

On' January 24, 1907, Mr. Hewitt was married to Miss Winifred 
Barker, of Carbondale, a daughter of Hon. Oliver A. Harker, judge of the 
Court of Chancery. They have two children, their son Francis Marion and 
their daughter Winifred Harker, who cheer and brighten the family 
hearthstone and add greatly to the attractiveness of the home for the 
numerous friends of their parents who frequent it for the enjoyment of 
its air of intellectual and social culture and the genuine hospitality which 
is one of its leading and most characteristic charms. 

OLIVER ALBERT HARKER. A quarter of a century on the bench of the 
higher courts of Illinois and many years as an educator in the field of the 
law, have earned for Hon. Oliver A. Harker, of Carbondale, a most sub- 
stantial eminence in all that concerns the highest prestige of his profes- 
sion. In 1897 he commenced his influential identification with the College 
of Law of the University of Illinois as a lecturer, and since 1903 has 
served as dean of its faculty. 

Judge Harker is a native of Newport, Wayne county, Indiana, born 
on the 14th of December, 1846, to Miflin and Anna (Woods) Harker. 
He obtained his earlier education in the schools of Florid and Wheaton, 
Illinois, and was a student at Wheaton College from 1860 to 1862. In 
the following year, then only a youth of sixteen, he enlisted in the Union 
army as a member of Company D, Sixty-seventh Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry and with that command concluded his military service at the cessa- 
tion of hostilities. 

Upon his return to Illinois he located at Lebanon as a student at Mc- 
Kendree College, from which he graduated with high honors in 1866. To 
his regular Bachelor's degree was added that of A. M. in 1869. In the 
meantime (1866-7) he had pursued a law course at the University of In- 
diana, and in 1867-8 taught various private schools at Vienna, Illinois. 
Admitted to the bar in 1869, Judge Harker commenced the practice of 
his profession in that place, where he continued for some eight years, or 
until his first appointment to the bench. 

In August, 1878, Governor Cullom appointed Judge Harker to the 
bench of the first circuit, and he continued thus to serve, by elections in 
1879, 1885, 1891 and 1897, until 1903. During that period he acted as 
judge of the Appellate court for the second district from 1891 to 1897, 
and of the third district from the latter year until 1903. As stated, he 
was appointed dean of the law school of the University of Illinois in 1903, 
and still honors the position. In 1895-6 Judge Harker was president of 
the Illinois State Bar Association; he is also a leading member of the 
American Bar Association, and for many years was identified with the 
Illinois Council of the national organization. His high standing was 
further emphasized when the Supreme court of Illinois appointed him as 
a delegate to the International Congress of Lawyers and Jurists which 
assembled at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis. 

By virtue of his service in the Civil war Judge Harker is identified 
with the Grand Army of the Republic ; he is also a member of the I. 0. 
0. F. and of the fraternities. Phi Delta Phi and Theta Kappa Nu. 

Married on the 3rd of March, 1870, at Vienna, Illinois, to Miss Sid- 
ney Bain, the Judge is the father of three children George M., a prac- 
ticing attorney; Oliver A., Jr., a farmer, and Winnifred, wife of Frank 
M. Hewitt, a druggist of Carbondale. Judge Harker has been a resi- 
dent of that city since 1880. 

ROBERT J. MCELVAIN. As one of the distinguished members of 
the bar of Southern Illinois and as one who has given most effective 
service in offices of public trust, Judge McElvain well merits consider- 



*- " "** 
3FTHE 



OF HL 






HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1101 

ation as one of the representative citizens of the favored section of 
Illinois to which this publication is devoted. Further interest attaches 
to his career by reason of the fact that he is a native son of the state 
and a scion of one of its early and sterling pioneer families. 

Judge Robert James McElvain was born at DuQuoin, Perry county, 
Illinois, on the 20th of March, 1849, and is a son of Joseph H. and 
Esther (Lipe) McElvain, who established their home in that county 
in an early day and who continued their residence in Southern Illi- 
nois during the residue of their lives, secure in the high regard of all 
who knew them. The father contributed his quota to the industrial 
and social development and progress of this section of the state and 
wielded no little influence in public affairs of a local order. Judge Mc- 
Elvain gained his early educational discipline in the common schools 
of his native county and supplemented this by a course of study in the 
Southern Illinois College, now known as the Southern Illinois Normal 
University. In preparation for the work of his chosen profession he 
began the study of law under effective private preceptorship and there- 
after continued his technical studies in the law school at Lebanon, St. 
Glair county. He was admitted to the bar in 1878. In 1884 he found 
it expedient to establish an office in Murphysboro, the county seat, to 
which city he removed in 1890, since which year he has here main- 
tained his home and professional headquarters. In 1884 he was elected 
state attorney for Jackson county, in 1894 was elected county judge 
and at the expiration of his term, in 1898, he was chosen as his own 
successor. In 1902, shortly after his retirement from the county bench, 
he was elected representative of the Forty-fourth Senatorial District 
in the Lower House of the State Legislature, and significant evidence 
of his popularity was again given on this occasion, as he received at 
the polls a majority of more than two thousand votes. In 1904 he was 
elected representative of the Forty-fourth district in the State Senate, 
and the best voucher for his effective record in this important office was 
that given in his re-election in 1908, his second term expiring in 1912. 

Judge McElvain has ever given a stanch allegiance to the Re- 
publican party and has been one of its influential representatives in 
Southern Illinois. He is known as a most effective campaign speaker 
and his services in this connection have been much in requisition in the 
various campaigns in the state. On the 19th of September, 1901, he 
delivered the principal address at the memorial services held in honor 
of the lamented President McKinley at Murphysboro, and he has given 
many other public addresses of a general order. 

Judge McElvain and his wife and son hold membership in the 
Christian church, and he is prominently affiliated with the Knights of 
Pythias, in which he has passed the various official chairs of the local 
organization and in which he held the office of grand chancellor of 
the Grand lodge of the state in 1900. He also holds membership in 
the Murphysboro lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. 

On the 29th of January, 1874, was solemnized the marriage of 
Judge McElvain to Miss Mary A. Schwartz, of Elkville, Jackson 
county, her parents, George and Sarah Schwartz, having been early 
settlers in that locality, where her father became a representative agri- 
culturist and stockgrower. Judge and Mrs. McElvain have one son, 
Robert J., Jr., who is now successfully established in the real-estate and 
insurance business at Murphysboro. He was born on the 4th of Sep- 
tember, 1880, and was afforded the advantages of the excellent public 
schools of Murphysboro, where he has gained distinctive prestige and 

popularity as one of the representative young business men of the city, 
voi.'m 2 



1102 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

He holds membership in the Christian church, is a stanch Republican 
in his political proclivities, and is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias. 
He married Miss Naomi McCuan, of Creal Springs, Williamson county, 
Illinois, and they have one son, Howard Harvey. 

GEORGE JOSEPH MONKEN. Numbered among the prominent and influ- 
ential citizens of New Baden is George Joseph Monken, who has long 
taken an active and intelligent part in the management of public affairs, 
and as mayor of the city aids and encourages the establishment of all en- 
terprises conducive to the advancement and growth of the community. 
A son of the late John B. Monken, he was born February 26, 1865, at 
Columbia, Monroe county, Illinois, of thrifty German stock. 

Born at Frankfort, Germany, January 12, 1830, John B. Monken re- 
mained in the Fatherland until eighteen years old. Immigrating then 
to America, he spent a year in Greene county, Illinois, being employed on 
a farm, and was afterwards similarly employed in Saint Clair county, 
near Belleville. In 1863 he established a vinegar factory in Belleville, 
and managed it for a year and a half. Moving then to Monroe county, 
he resided there a short time, but in 1865 a longing for the sight of his 
early home seized him, and he went back to Germany to visit friends and 
kinsmen. In the spring of 1868 he returned to Illinois, and in 1869 set- 
tled at New Baden, where for nineteen years he was a teacher in the 
public schools. He was active in public life, being a loyal supporter of 
the Democratic party and for a period of twenty years was assessor of 
Clinton county. He was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and both he and his wife were members of the German Catholic 
church. At the age of twenty-one years he was united in marriage with 
Annie Gundlach, of Belleville, Illinois, and they became the parents of 
four children, as follows : Ida, wife of Rudolph Herdenstein ; Mary, de- 
ceased ; George Joseph ; and Melinda, deceased. The mother of these chil- 
dren died in 1884, and Mr. Monken, who survived his wife, passed away 
January 27, 1896, in New Baden. 

Brought up in New Baden, George J. Monken attended the rural 
schools until fourteen years of age, when he began learning the art and 
trade of a painter. Instead, however, of following the craft with which 
he had become familiar, Mr. Monken was employed in a hotel at Belleville 
for awhile, and in 1890 entered the employ of the New Baden Milling 
Company, with which he has since been actively associated, his efficiency 
in the different departments having won him the position of bookkeeper 
of the mill. 

True to the political faith in which he was reared, Mr. Monken is a 
zealous advocate of the principles that govern the Democratic party, and 
is a most useful and highly esteemed member of the community. He is 
now filling the mayor's chair ably and acceptably, having been elected to 
the position by a handsome majority, and is also supervisor of Clinton 
county and a trustee of the township schools. Fraternally he belongs to 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, to the Knights of Pythias, and to 
the Modern Woodmen. 

On July 1, 1897, Mr. Monken was united in marriage with Louisa 
Butzow, of New Baden, and their union has been blessed by the birth of 
seven chldren, namely: Arthur, George, Alfred, Fred, Edmund, Laura, 
and one that died in its infancy. 

LINDORF WALKER. The gentleman whose name forms the caption of 
this article is one of Cobden's progressive and highly esteemed young citi- 
zens. Lindorf Walker, cashier of the First National Bank, is a banker of 
honorable and unassailable methods, and in his residence in this place he 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1103 

has won the unbounded confidence of his fellow citizens. He is a native 
son of Illinois, his birth having occurred, September 29, 1881, on a farm in 
Johnson county. His father, William P. Walker, is now living on his 
farm in Johnson county, and that section of the great state of Illinois is 
the scene of his birth and lifelong residence. He is a son of Robert J. 
Walker, a native of North Carolina, who first migrated to Tennessee and 
thence to Southern Illinois. He was one of the dauntless company of 
pioneers who paved the way for latter day prosperity and civilization. 
The maiden name of the subject's mother was Sarah E. Gillespie, and she 
was born in Tennessee, the daughter of John H. Gillespie, who came to 
Johnson county with her parents when five years of age. This worthy 
lady was born in 1848 and was summoned to the life eternal in June, 
1911, when her years numbered sixty-three. Mr. Walker was the second 
of a family of three children to grow to maturity, the others being Dr. 
H. W. Walker and Lizzie Naomi (Hand). William P. Walker has made 
a great success of the great basic industry of agriculture and enjoys the 
esteem of his particular community. 

Lindorf Walker was educated in the public schools of Johnson county 
and at an early age, feeling inclined toward a business career, he took an 
appropriate preparatory course in the Gem City Business College, from 
which well-conducted institution he was graduated in 1900. His first 
experience as an actual factor in the world of affairs was in the capacity 
of bookkeeper for a mercantile firm in Saxton, Missouri. He first en- 
tered upon his connection with the banking world when he took the 
place of the cashier of the Drovers' State Bank at Vienna, the incumbent 
of the office suffering from ill health. In the spring of 1901 he was. em- 
ployed in the county clerk's office and at the conclusion of these services 
he spent a few weeks on his father's farm and then wishing like most 
alert young men to see something of the world he started out in June, 
1901, and journeyed to Oklahoma and Texas. He then remained in the 
Indian Territory for a year and returned to Illinois in 1902, entering the 
mercantile business at Ganntown and remaining thus engaged for a year. 
He worked for his brother, the Doctor, for a few months and then came 
to Cobden, in September, 1903, remaining here for a year and a half. 
During the sojourn he was employed in the First National Bank. He 
later returned to Vienna and acted as bookkeeper of the First National 
Bank of that place until May 1, 1907. At the date mentioned he returned 
to Cobden to accept the position of cashier with the First National Bank. 
This thriving and well managed monetary institution is incorporated with 
a capital stock of twenty-five thousand dollars, while its total resources 
amount to two hundred and thirty thousand dollars. Its officers are as 
follows : President, William C. Rich ; vice-president, I. H. Lawrence ; and 
cashier, Lindorf Walker. The directorate consists of the three given 
above with the addition of H. A. Dubois and H. H. Lamar. No small 
part of the bank's prosperity is directly traceable to the intelligent 
methods of its cashier. 

Fraternally Mr. Walker is one of the most enthusiastic of Masons, and 
exemplifies in his own living the principles of moral and social justice 
and brotherly love for which the order stands. He belongs to the Blue 
Lodge of Cobden ; the Chapter of Vienna ; and the Eastern Star ; and he 
is also affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the Pythian Sisters of 
Vienna. 

Mr. Walker established a pleasant home and congenial life compan- 
ionship by his union, in November, 1905, to Pearl Debnam, of Johnson 
county, daughter of William C. and Lizzie (Dunn) Debnam. They 
share their pleasant home with one son, W T illard, aged three years. 



1104 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

FRANCIS MAIN EDWARDS, M. D. Distinguished not only as a promi- 
nent physician and surgeon of Clinton county, but as a leading citizen of 
New Baden, Francis Main Edwards, M. D., is eminently worthy of repre- 
sentation in a work of this character. He was born May 14, 1876, in 
Sandoval, Illinois, a son of Dr. S. G. H. Edwards. 

S. G. H. Edwards, a native of Mount Vernon, Illinois, where his birth 
occurred December 23, 1850, spent his earlier years in Jefferson county, 
and during a large part of the Civil war traveled with his parents, during 
the later years of the conflict accompanying his maternal grandfather, 
Col. S. G. Hicks, on his trips. In 1872 he was graduated from MeKen- 
dree College, in Lebanon, Illinois, with the degree of A. M., and in 1875 
received the degree of M. D. at Cincinnati Medical College, in Ohio. Im- 
mediately locating in Sandoval, Illinois, he was there successfully en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine until his death, in 1887, while yet in 
manhood's prime. He was a Democrat in his political affiliations, and 
held various town offices. Fraternally he was a member of the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Order of Masons and of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He married, in 1875, Tilda Main, who is still living in 
Sandoval, Illinois, and to them four children were born, as follows: 
Francis Main, the special subject of this brief biographical sketch ; Lydia, 
wife of P. E. Lewis ; Ralph ; and Elizabeth, wife of Charles Hall. 

Having completed the course of study in the public schools of Sand- 
oval, Francis Main Edwards spent a year in Valparaiso College, in Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, and in 1898 was graduted from the Saint Louis College 
of Physicians and Surgeons with the degree of M. D. Coming then to 
New Baden, Clinton county, Dr. Edwards met with such encouraging suc- 
cess from the start that he has continued here since, having now a large 
and lucrative patronage in this vicinity, his professional skill and ability 
being widely recognized and appreciated. He is a member of the 
American Medical Association ; of the Clinton County Medical Society ; 
and of the Southern Railway Surgeons' Association. 

Politically the Doctor is a stanch adherent of the Republican party, 
and has served two terms as president of the Village Board. During the 
Spanish- American war he was a member of Pittinger's Provisional Regi- 
ment, being mustered in as first lieutenant of his company, but subse- 
quently resigning the position to enter the medical department. Fra- 
ternally Dr. Edwards is a member of the Knights of Pythias; and is 
prominent in the Modern Woodmen of America, having been instru- 
mental in organizing the New Baden camp of that order. 

In 1899 Dr. Edwards was united in marriage with Mary Griesbaum, 
of New Baden, and they are the parents of four children, namely : 
Estelle, Elizabeth, Irene and Francis, Jr. 

HON. JOHN H. BURNETT. Having attained an eminent position in the 
financial world and risen to the chief executive office in Marion, Illinois, 
the Hon. John H. Burnett may be classed among the representative citi- 
zens of the southern part of the state. As president of the Marion State 
and Savings Bank he has carefully conserved the interests of the deposi- 
tors, and in the capacity of mayor he has administered the affairs of the 
city with the same ability that has characterized his business dealings. 
Mayor Burnett is a product of Williamson county, and was born Sep- 
tember 29, 1844, a son of Thomas H. and Nancy (Parks) Burnett. 

Thomas H. Burnett was born in 1813, in Wilson county, Tennessee, 
and came to Williamson county during the early 'thirties, spending the 
remainder of his life in agricultural pursuits and passing away in 1875, 
in the Crab Orchard neighborhood, where his brother James also reared 
a family, the rural neighborhood becoming known as the "Burnett Set- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1105 

tlement. ' ' Originally a Democrat, he later became a Republican, but his 
life was spent in the quiet vocation of farming and he never entered the 
stormy field of politics. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Nancy 
Parks, was a daughter of Hugh Parks, whose forefathers were North 
Carolinians, from which commonwealth he himself came to Illinois. Mrs. 
Burnett died at the age of sixty -two years, having been the mother of the 
following children : George, lieutenant in the One Hundred and Tenth 
Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, during the Civil war, and later a 
merchant and farmer in Williamson county, where he died in 1886 ; John 
H. ; Milo, who served in the One Hundred and Forty -fifth Illinois Vol- 
unteers during the rebellion, spent some years in the mercantile business 
and died in Kansas during the eighties ; Leander, also an agriculturist of 
this county; Eliza, who died single; William F., deceased, and Sarah, 
the wife of Roily Carley, resides in Williamson county. 

The youth of John H. Burnett was spent in much the same manner as 
other farmers ' lads of his day, and when the Civil war broke out he, like 
his brothers, was fired with patriotism and desired to serve his country. 
He did not succeed in enlisting, however, until May, 1864, at which time 
he became a private in Company F, One Hundred and Forty-fifth Regi- 
ment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, his immediate commanders being 
Captain Evans and Colonel Lackey. His command rendezvoused in camp 
at St. Louis and dropped down to Cape Girardeau, Missouri, later on and 
was discharged without reaching the front. Mr. Burnett's service cov- 
ered some five months, and after leaving the army he taught country 
school for a time, but eventually settled down to farming, in which he 
was engaged until coming to Marion in 1887. As a dealer and shipper of 
live stock and a buyer of grain he enjoyed a measure of success, and in 
1886 he was elected to the office of sheriff of Williamson county, succeed- 
ing Mr. Hartwell Duncan. After serving one term he again engaged in 
business, and he subsequently held the office of special agent of internal 
revenue, with headquarters at St. Louis. The voters of Marion elected 
him mayor in 1895, and he has since served capably as a member of the 
school board and the council, and again in 1911 he was chosen as the 
chief executive of Marion. The Republican party has found him an able 
and influential leader in this part of the county. He became identified 
with banking as a member of the firm of Denison & Burnett, a private 
institution out of which grew the Marion State and Savings Bank, of 
which Mr. Denison was president until his death in 1908, at that time 
Mr. Burnett becoming president. 

In March, 1866, Mr. Burnett was married to Miss Mary A. Davis, 
daughter of Thomas Davis, a pioneer of Williamson county, and the fol- 
lowing children have been born to this union : Misses Delia and Eliza, 
who reside in Marion ; Senator 0. Herman, who was one of the leading 
members of the Williamson county bar and state senator at the time of 
his death ; Lillie, who married Frank Throgmorton and resides in Harris- 
burg; Amy, who married Harry Mclntosh, of Marion; Estella ; and 
Bertha, who married Philip Cline, of Marion. The family is connected 
with the Missionary Baptist church. 

FRED JOHN KOCH. Distinguished as the foremost citizen of New 
Baden, and one of the ablest business men of Clinton county, Fred John 
Koch is an important factor in advancing the industrial and financial 
prosperity of this part of Southern Illinois, and as a representative to 
the State* Legislature from the Forty-second district he is as faithful to 
the interests of his constituents as it is possible for any man to be, per- 
forming the duties devolving upon him in that capacity in a praiseworthy 



1106 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

manner. A native of Clinton county, he was born September 16, 1870, 
in Gerraantown, where he grew to manhood. 

His father, Herman Koch, was born in Neuenkirchen, Germany, Octo- 
ber 10, 1839, and was there bred and educated. Leaving the Fatherland 
when nineteen years old, he crossed the ocean to the United States, and 
for nearly two years followed his trade of a cabinet maker in Saint Louis, 
Missouri. Migrating to Clinton county, Illinois, in 1860, he became one 
of the pioneer settlers of Germantown, and one of its first cabinet makers. 
When the railroad became assured in that locality, he embarked in the 
lumber business, with which he has ever since been prominently identi- 
fied, and also engaged in mercantile pursuits, his stock at the present time 
consisting of lumber, hardware and furniture valued at nine thousand 
dollars. He is a Democrat in politics, and for twelve years served as 
justice of the peace. Religiously he is a member of the Catholic church, 
and has reared his family in the same faith. He has been three times 
married. He married first, in September, 1864, Elizabeth Frerker, whose 
parents were early settlers of Germantown. She died the following year, 
leaving no children. He married in 1866 Elizabeth Lampe, who died in 
1867, leaving one child, Elizabeth, who is now in a convent in Chicago, 
where she is known as Sister Angelina. He married for his third wife 
Mary Wieter, and of their union ten children have been born, as follows : 
Fred J., the subject of this sketch ; Kate, deceased ; Antone ; Mary, wife 
of Henry Westerfelhaus ; Herman ; John ; Henry ; Edward ; Clara ; and 
Alphonse. 

Obtaining his preliminary educational training in the parochial 
schools of Germantown, Fred J. Koch subsequently completed the com- 
mercial course at the Saint Louis University. Beginning work then as 
a cabinet maker, Mr. Koch gradually drifted into the business of build- 
ing, contracting and construction work, all of which he is following today 
in connection with other lines of industry. With his brother John and 
brother-in-law, Henry Westerfelhaus, he is located in New Baden, where 
he deals extensively in lumber, hardware and building material, having 
established a substantial business. Mr. Koch is likewise prominently 
identified with two safe and sound financial institutions, being president 
of the Germantown Savings Bank and a director and vice-president of 
the Bartelso Savings Bank. He is also connected with the Southern Coal 
and Mining Company of New Baden. In 1910 Mr. Koch was chosen to 
represent the Forty-second senatorial district in the Forty-seventh Gen- 
eral Assembly of Illinois, in which he is serving ably and faithfully. 

Mr. Koch married, in June, 1885, Josephine Westerfelhaus, of Ger- 
mantown, and to them five children have been born, namely : Gertrude, 
Adeline, Leona, Joseph and Francis. Politically Mr. Koch is a. steadfast 
Democrat and an earnest supporter of the principles of his party. Re- 
ligiously both Mr. and Mrs. Koch are members of the Catholic church. 

GEORGE W. ANDREWS. One of the venerable but still vigorous and 
active members of the bar of Jackson county is Judge George Washing- 
ton Andrews, who established his home in Murphysboro and here en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession nearly half a century ago. The 
intervening years have been marked by large and distinguished accom- 
plishment along the line of his profession, of which he has long stood as 
one of the leading representatives in Southern Illinois, and he has also 
been called upon to serve in various offices of distinctive public trust, 
the while he has guided his course upon the highest plane of integrity 
and honor and .thus has well merited the unequivocal confidence and 
esteem in which he is held in the prosperous community that has so 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1107 

long been his home and in which he is a citizen of prominence and in- 
fluence. 

Judge Andrews takes a due measure of pride in reverting to the 
fine Old Buckeye state as the place of his nativity and he is a scion of 
one of its sterling pioneer families. He was born at Dayton, Mont- 
gomery county, Ohio, now one of the most beautiful cities of the state, 
and the date of his nativity was February 22, 1842, so that he was con- 
sistently given the name of the great American on whose birthday an- 
niversary he was ushered into the world. He is a son of Samuel A. 
and Margaret (Ramsey) Andrews, who passed the closing years of 
their lives at Dayton, the father having been actively identified with 
agricultural pursuits during virtually his entire career and having been 
a man of the highest character, so that he ever commanded a secure 
place in the confidence and esteem of his fellow men, the while his 
forceful individuality and broad mentality made him a local leader in 
thought and action. Judge Andrews is indebted to the common schools 
of his native state for his early education and he gained his due quota 
of youthful experience in connection with the work of the home farm. 
He continued his studies in a well ordered academy at Fairfield, Ohio, 
and in the Presbyterian Institute at Hayesville, that state, after which 
he entered with characteristic vigor and earnestness upon the work of 
preparing himself for the profession of his choice. He was matriculated 
in the law department of the celebrated University of Michigan, at 
Ann Arbor, in which he completed the prescribed curriculum and was 
graduated as a member of the class of 1865. After thus receiving his 
well earned degree of Bachelor of Laws Judge Andrews came to Illi- 
nois and sought for an eligible field of endeavor. He remained for a 
brief interval at Jonesboro and in May, 1865, he established his perma- 
nent home at Murphysboro. the judicial center of Jackson county, where 
he has continued to reside during the long intervening period and where 
he has been most successful in the general practice of his profession, to 
which he still continues to give close attention. He has been identified 
with much important litigation in the courts of this section of the state 
and is now worthy of designation as the dean of his profession in Jack- 
son county, where he commands the highest vantage ground in the con- 
fidence and esteem of his confreres and also the general public. 

In addition to the work of his profession Judge Andrews has given 
most loyal and effective service in various offices of public order. He 
was master in chancery for Jackson county for eleven years and served 
on the bench of the county court for five years. For two years he held 
the office of postmaster of Murphysboro and he served one term as mayor 
of the city, as well as one term as city attorney, preferments which 
well indicate the high regard in which he is held in his home commu- 
nity, in the furtherance of whose civic and material progress and pros- 
perity he has ever shown the deepest interest. For four years Judge 
Andrews was connected with the government department of the interior 
in the capacity of inspector of surveyor generals' and land offices, and 
his service in this office covered the entire United States. His career 
has been one of signal activity and usefulness and has been crowned 
with well earned honors. He is president of the Jackson County Bar 
Association, is a staunch and effective advocate and supporter of the 
cause of the Democratic party, is affiliated with local organizations of 
the Masonic fraternity and the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, and he has long been a zealous member of the Presbyterian church, 
of which his cherished and devoted wife likewise was a most earnest ad- 
herent for many years prior to her demise. 

On the 19th of December. 1867. was solemnized the marriage of 



1108 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Judge Andrews to Miss Jennie Slocum, of Norwich, New York, in which 
state she was born and reared, and this loved and gracious companion 
and helpmeet remained by his side for nearly forty years, she having 
been summoned to the life eternal on the 25th of January, 1905, and 
her name and memory being revered by all who came within the sphere 
of her gentle and kindly influence. Mrs. Andrews is survived by two 
children : Myra M., who is the wife of Harry 0. Ozburn, cashier of the 
Citizens' State & Savings Bank of Murphysboro; and Eugene S., who 
is agent for the American Company at Murphysboro. He married Miss 
Ethel McClay, of Carbondale, this state. 

Living in a community in which his circle of friends is coincident 
with that of his acquaintances and enjoying the well earned rewards of 
many years of earnest endeavor, Judge Andrews may well felicitate 
himself upon the smiling plenty and fair, prosperous days which mark 
the course of his life during the period in which he looks back upon a 
record of conscientious application and faithful service as one of the 
world 's productive workers, and no citizen is more worthy of special and 
cordial recognition in this history of Southern Illinois. 

ZENAS CARROLL CARSON. Noteworthy among the successful educa- 
tors of Southern Illinois is Zenas Carroll Carson, superintendent of the 
schools at New Baden, who is doing much towards advancing the effi- 
ciency and scope of the public school system of this section of the state, 
heartily agreeing with Charles William Eliot, LL. D., president emer- 
itus of Harvard University, who says ' ' The standard of education should 
not be set at the now attained or the now attainable. It is the privilege 
of public education to press toward a mark remote." Mr. Carson was 
born June 2, 1878, in Washington county, Illinois, on the farm of his 
father, William Kendrick Carson. His grandfather, Samuel Carson, a 
Kentucky frontiersman, lived on a small farm in the backwoods, partly 
supporting himself and family by cultivating small patches of land. He 
had a better education than the most of his neighbors, and spent a part 
of his time each year in teaching school, and occasionally added some- 
what to the family exchequer by working at the cobbler's trade. 

A native of Kentucky, William Kendrick Carson was born De- 
cember 12, 1832, in New Lexington. He grew to manhood beneath the 
parental roof-tree, being brought up amid primitive scenes and in true 
pioneer style, never even having a pair of shoes until he made them 
himself. At the age of twenty-five years he came to Southern Illinois, 
locating in Washington county, where he began farming on forty acres 
of land, splitting the rails with which to enclose his small estate. He 
was successful in his undertakings, and subsequently bought one hun- 
dred and forty acres of land from the Government, and on the home- 
stead which he there improved is still living, a venerable and esteemed 
citizen. He is a Democrat in politics, and a member of the Methodist 
church. 

William K. Carson has been four times married. He married first, 
in 1858, Mary Anne Ragland, of Washington county, Illinois, who died 
in 1876, having borne him nine children, five of whom survive. He mar- 
ried in 1877 a cousin of his first wife, Amanda Ragland, who bore him 
four children, two of whom are living, Zenas Carroll and Benjamin W. 
She passed to the life beyond in 1884, and in the ensuing year, 1885, 
he married her sister, Viana Ragland, who died in 1898, leaving three 
children, all of whom are living. In 1899 he married for his fourth 
wife Mrs. Polly Carson, widow of his brother, Robert Carson, and they 
are enjoying life on the old home farm. 

Spending his earlier years on the home farm in Washington county, 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1109 

Zenas Carroll Carson attended the country schools until sixteen years 
of age, when he entered the Nashville High School, where he fitted him- 
self for a professional career. An ambitious student, however, enter- 
prising and progressive, he has since kept apace with the times by close 
study, and has taken post graduate work at the Southern Illinois Nor- 
mal School, in Carbondale. Immediately after leaving the high school 
Mr. Carson began teaching in the rural districts, and has since taught at 
Hoyleton, Illinois, New Minden and Smithton, and at New Baden, where 
he is now superintendent of the schools. He is an indefatigable laborer, 
and it is largely through his influence that the present school building 
is now, in 1912, being enlarged to such an extent that when it is com- 
pleted it will be one of the best buildings of the kind in Clinton county. 
Mr. Carson married, December 24, 1901, Lulu D. Smith, and into 
their pleasant home four children have been born, namely : Herbert M., 
Greorge Saint Clair, Dean M., and Cyril W. In his political affiliations 
Mr. Carson is a Democrat. Fraternally he belongs to the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and to the Modern Woodmen of America. Re- 
ligiously both Mr. and Mrs. Carson are members of the Methodist church. 

ROBERT L. RICH. The gentleman whose name stands at the head of 
this paragraph is one of the successful men of Union county. He is by 
primary vocation a farmer and by admirable example has done much to 
advance ajid promulgate scientific agriculture. His small but valuable 
farm of fifty-five acres has been utilized to marvelous advantage and 
there is admiration and respect for a man who can raise six hundred 
and thirty bushels of corn on nine acres, which Mr. Rich succeeded in 
doing in 1911. He also manages his father's farm of two hundred acres. 
However, he does not limit his energies to agriculture, and since 1899 
has engaged in the commission and brokerage business in Cobden. 

Robert L. Rich was born October 30, 1864, on a farm a mile and a 
half from Cobden. He is the son of John M. Rich, who was born in 
1828, in Alabama, and the grandson of Thomas J. Rich, a native of 
North Carolina. The Rich family came originally from England and 
are of Puritan stock, three Rich brothers having been of the brave and 
pious little company who crossed the Atlantic in the Mayflower and 
landed on bleak Plymouth Rock in 1620. Mr. Rich is thus a Pilgrim 
son and one of the oldest and most honored stock in America. One of 
these brothers went south, one to the northwest. 

The father of the subject married Annie Uffendale, who was born in 
England and came to America with her parents, the father 's name being 
Michael Uffendale. He subsequently found his way to Anna, Illinois, 
and there engaged in mercantile business until his death. John M. 
came with his father and the rest of the family from his native state 
in 1832, as a little lad, the journey being made by ox team. They lo- 
cated on government land in Union county and were of that fine pioneer 
stock which laid the foundations of Southern Illinois' present prosper- 
ity. Thomas, the subject's grandfather, fought in the Black Hawk war 
and lived until 1869, having in his lifetime witnessed other American 
wars. He departed this life in the old house which he had built on 
his pioneer farm. Mr. Rich's father and mother are both living at ad- 
vanced age, serene and respected in the pleasant sunset of life. They 
make their home on the original homestead, which still remains in the 
family. This consists now of two hundred acres, and the old gentle- 
man still cultivates several acres in fruit and vegetables. He has been a 
prosperous farmer and has reared the following family of eight chil- 
dren : Thomas J., deceased; William C., residing at Anna; Michael M., 
a farmer located near Cobden ; George D., also located near Cobden and 



1110 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

* 

a farmer; Delia, now Mrs. Randleman, of Alto Pass; Annie M. (Cox), 
living in Tennessee; Robert L. ; and Carrie (Parks), who makes her 
home at Anna. 

Robert L. Rich was educated in the Public schools and subsequently 
matriculated at Champaign University. He engaged in farming for a 
time and in 1882 removed to Alto Pass, where he clerked for several 
years in a store owned by his father and brother-in-law. This estab- 
lishment was the property of John M. Rich for a decade. In 1889 the 
subject removed to his father's farm and conducted its affairs until 
1894, in which year h'e was appointed postmaster of Cobden, and he 
served faithfully and efficiently for four years and four months under 
the Cleveland administration. In the years 1898 and 1899 he traveled 
for the commission company of C. P. Love & Company of Chicago, and 
since the year last mentioned he has engaged in the commission and 
brokerage business on his own account. He also manages his farm 
and that of his father, the acreage under his cultivation being utilized 
as follows: Apples, thirty acres; asparagus, twenty acres; rhubarb, 
twenty acres ; tomatoes, eight acres ; melons, five acres ; fifty acres in 
corn and the remainder in pasture and hay land. 

Mr. Rich was married in November, 1888, at Alto Pass, to Emma B. 
Abernathie, daughter of William C. and Mary Abernathie, of Alto 
Pass, the father a prominent farmer. The demise of this admirable lady 
occurred May 18, 1909, at the age of forty-two years, and her only child, 
a son, Raymond Lee, died at six months of age. 

Fraternally Mr. Rich belongs to the Knights of Pythias at Cobden 
and he is a member of the Congregational church, to whose tenets his 
Pilgrim origin predisposes him. He is a Democrat in politics and is in- 
fluential in party councils. He is serving at the present time as precinct 
committeeman. 

EDWARD GEORGE SCHMITT, D. D. S. A prominent and popular resi- 
dent of New Baden, Edward George Schmitt, D. D. S., is a fine represen- 
tative of the dental profession, which -is, mayhap, one of the most im- 
portant branches of surgery, its application being required at some 
period of life by almost every member of the human family. Intelligent 
study, patient investigation, and careful experiment have within recent 
years elevated dentistry to a distinct and separate science, in the valu- 
able and important discoveries made, America taking a foremost place. 
A son of Henry Schmitt, Dr. Schmitt was born November 23, 1880, in 
Belleville, Illinois. 

Born at Kaiserslautern, Germany, in 1830, Henry Schmitt was there 
bred and educated. Coming to America in 1849, he located in Belle- 
ville, Illinois, where he entered the employ of an uncle, a hotel keeper, 
whom he afterwards bought out, becoming himself proprietor of the 
hotel. He was a man of unquestioned business ability and judgment, 
energetic and enterprising, and became actively identified with the up- 
building and growth of Belleville, and the establishment of valuable 
industries. He was one of the original founders of the Belleville Stove 
and Range Works, and a valuable member of the Belleville Building and 
Loan Association. He was an ardent supporter of the Republican 
party, but was never an office seeker. He was very popular with the 
traveling public, successfully managing his hotel until his death, Febru- 
ary 26. 1886. 

Henry Schmitt was twice married. He married first a Miss Kramer, 
who died in early womanhood., leaving two children, Mrs. Lizzie Metz; 
and John, deceased. He married for his second wife, in 1862, Clara 
Voegle, who still resides in Belleville. She was born in Switzerland, 



OF THE 
:8SITY OF ILUISIT. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1111 

and at the age of twelve years came to America with her parents, cross- 
ing the ocean on a sailing vessel, and being ninety days on the water. 
One of her brothers was born on the ocean, but he died while on the 
way from Saint Louis to Belleville, during the time of the plague. Of 
the seven children born of the marriage of Henry and Clara (Voegle) 
Schmitt all are living, as follows: Henry; Sigmond; Lena, wife of J. 
W. Miller; Walter; Freda; Edward George; and Ida, wife of W. H. 
Pfingsten. 

Acquiring his rudimentary education in his native city, Edward G. 
Schmitt was graduated from the Belleville High School with the class 
of 1899. Turning his attention then to the study of dentistry, he re- 
ceived the degree of D. D. S. at the Marion Sims Dental School, in 
Saint Louis, Missouri, in 1902, being there graduated with honors. To 
further equip himself for his profession, Dr. Schmitt subsequently took 
special work two summers at the infirmary connected with that insti- 
tution. Beginning the practice of dentistry in Belleville, he remained 
there three years, during which time he was for two years chief deputy 
coroner of Saint Clair county, under Dr. E. M. Irvin. Locating at New 
Baden in 1906, Dr. Schmitt opened a dental office, and has since met with 
eminent success in his professional career, having built up an extensive 
and remunerative practice. 

The Doctor is an active and useful member of the Republican County 
Executive Committee, and takes a warm interest in local affairs. He is 
now serving as police magistrate of New Baden, and is president of the 
New Baden School Board. In the latter capacity he has made a good rec- 
ord, having been largely instrumental in securing the erection of a fine 
new school building, in the regrading of the schools, and in the intro- 
duction of a high school course of two years. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, also of the Encampment of the I. 0. 
O. F. 

Dr. Schmitt married, September 12, 1905, Dorothy G. Kraft, a 
daughter of George W. Kraft, a foreman in the nail factory at Belle- 
ville. 

JOHN WESLEY MILLER. Entering upon the struggle for advance- 
ment among men as a school teacher, and conducting his work in that 
occupation in such a manner as to tell to his advantage in a substan- 
tial way and give him a strong hold on the confidence and regard of 
the people, and now a leading lumber merchant, with an extensive trade 
and an excellent name in business circles, John Wesley Miller, of Car- 
bondale, has known and obeyed a stern sense of duty, been wise to the 
ways of the world, and used all his opportunities greatly to his own 
advantage and essentially for the benefit of the communities in which 
he has lived, labored and made his progress. 

Mr. Miller is a native of Indiana, born at Fort Wayne on Judy 30, 
1863, and a son of Emanuel J. and Noima (Maxwell) Miller. The 
father was a preacher in the United Brethren church and died in his 
work of benevolence and improvement, and while the objects of his 
care were rejoicing in his pronounced usefulness. He preached the 
gospel of Christianity with fearlessness and fervor, and performed all 
the pastoral duties of his high calling with great fidelity, industry and 
zeal, leaving his family an excellent example, a good name and the rec- 
ord of a well spent life. 

His son John Wesley began his education in the public schools and 
completed it at Ewing 'College in Ewing. Illinois. After leaving that 
institution he taught school ten years, and while engaged in this im- 
portant but largely unappreciated occupation served as principal of 



1112 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

the schools in Benton, Thompsonville and other towns. He made a 
good record and . a high reputation in his work as a teacher, but found 
his progress too slow to suit his desires, and turned his attention to 
the more active and promising field of mercantile life. 

During the next three years after he quit teaching Mr. Miller car- 
ried on a lively and flourishing business in- the lumber trade. At the 
end of that period he sold his business, which was located at DuQuoin 
in Perry county, this state, and moved to Carbondale, arriving and lo- 
cating here in 1883. He at once started again in the lumber business, 
and with this he has been connected ever since, expanding his trade 
and growing into popular favor as the years have passed, until now 
he is one of the leading business men of the city, and one of its most es- 
teemed and representative citizens from every point of view. 

In addition to his lumber interests he has stock in the Carbondale 
Mill and Elevator Company and the Carbondale Building, Loan and 
Homestead Association, and is one of the directors of each of these 
worthy and beneficial enterprises. He takes an earnest interest and 
an active part in the management of the public affairs of the city and 
has rendered it good service as a member of the school board for six 
years. In matters of public improvement he is always one of the fore- 
most and most effective aids, and in connection with everything that is 
designed to promote the general welfare of the people, or their ad- 
vantage in any special way, the benefit of his intelligence in counsel 
and his help in material assistance are to be relied on at all times, what- 
ever may be the issue. 

Mr. Miller was married on October 10, 1902, to Miss Kate Snider, 
a daughter of Michael and Martha (Brewster) Snider, widely re- 
spected residents of Carbondale and farmers of Jackson county. Mrs. 
Miller is a graduate of the Southern Illinois Normal University and a 
highly cultivated lady. Her husband is a Freemason of the Knights 
Templar degree and a past master of his lodge, Both have the regard 
of the whole people. 

E. GILBERT LENTZ. The popularity of the Marion schools, especially 
that of the high school, and the general excellence of the work accom- 
plished is due in large measure to the efforts of the superintendent of 
schools, E. Gilbert Lentz, the son of a mechanic. From his youth Mr. 
Lentz's ambitions lay along the lines that he has followed. Much of his 
education was paid for out of his own pocket, and the energy and per- 
severance and self denial which this necessitated may only be imagined. 

E. Gilbert Lentz was born in Williamson county on the 27th of May, 
1881. He is the son of Eli Lentz, who settled in the Wolf Creek neigh- 
borhood in the ante-bellum days. The latter was born in 1831, near 
Saratoga, Illinois, where his father had settled when the land was al- 
most an untrodden wilderness. The latter belonged to that sturdy group 
of people who, along with the Scotch-Irish, formed the backbone of the 
American Revolution, namely, the Germans who settled the "up" coun- 
try of North and South Carolina. It was in the former state that the 
young German, fresh from the Fatherland, first located. His son Eli 
demonstrated his stalwart ancestry by enlisting in the Union army when 
General Logan was calling for volunteers to fill the ranks of his Thirty- 
first Illinois Infantry. He remained in the service until the last bitter 
scenes of the struggle had been played out. He then returned to Wolf 
Creek and took up his life as a blacksmith, dying in 1894, in Creal Springs, 
when his youngest son, Gilbert, was a mere lad. His wife was Lydia 
Hare, a daughter of John Hare, of Union county, Illinois, and she sur- 
vived her husband a number of years, dying at the family home in 1908. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1113 

Their children were: Sarah, wife of L. L. Gallimore, of Wolf Creek; 
Amanda, who married S. M. Fowler, of Herrin, Illinois ; Isabel, widow of 
Dr. J. P. Throgmorton ; Anna, who became Mrs. John M. Kilbreth ; Fan- 
nie, who died after her marriage to William Allen ; I. N. Lentz, living at 
Wolf Creek ; John, an educator in Valparaiso, Indiana ; William R. is the 
agent of the Missouri Pacific Railway Company, at Kansas City, Mis- 
souri ; Theodore, practicing law in Missoula, Montana ; and E. Gilbert. 

E. Gilbert Lentz, having completed the not very extensive curriculum 
of the schools of Wolf Creek, entered the Creal Springs schools and fin- 
ished the course there. He then attended the Creal Springs College, 
but wishing to keep on with his academic work he began teaching school. 
His first work was in the district schools in the country, which not only 
meant the most difficult kind of discipline, but also that he had to build 
the fires and sweep out the room and then perhaps walk three or four 
miles to the home of the people who "ate" him. It was a stern introduc- 
tion to life, and he spent all of his wages in perfecting himself in his 
profession, attending the Valparaiso University, at Valparaiso, for three 
years. He spent some time in graded work as principal at Monroe Cen- 
ter, Illinois. Then for two years he acted as principal of the Carter- 
ville schools. He was steadily successful, and the Creal Springs schools 
considered themselves fortunate in having him as their principal for 
three ensuing years. In 1907 he was elected teacher of history and civics 
in the Marion high school, and was later chosen principal of the same 
school. In 1910, when it became necessary to select a successor to Pro- 
fessor Asbury, he was unanimously chosen for the superintendency of 
the city schools. 

During his career as a superintendent Professor Lentz has graduated 
one hundred and eight, who, in the main, have become teachers or are 
continuing their educational work at higher institutions of learning. He 
has ever been in sympathy with the educational bodies established for 
the mutual profit of teachers, and they, realizing his executive abilities, 
have given him many offices in their associations. He is vice-president 
of the Williamson County Teachers' Association, is a member of the 
State Teachers' Association, also of the School Council, and has the 
honor of being president of the Southern Illinois Teachers Association. 

Miss Lula Gillespie was the maiden name of the wife of Professor 
Lentz, their marriage taking place in Creal Springs on the 2nd of April, 
1903. Mrs. Lentz was one of a large family of Mrs. Mary (Johnson) 
Gillespie, the family being one of the pioneer group of Southern Illi- 
nois. She was educated at Creal Springs and was one of her husband 's 
teachers before their marriage. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Lentz 
number three : Agnes, born in 1905 ; Lula Blanch, born in 1908, and Gil- 
bert, Jr., born in 1910. 

Professor Lentz 's active relation to the religious life of the commun- 
ity is manifest in his work in the First Baptist church of Marion. He 
is also superintendent of the Sabbath-school and is president of the Y. 
M. C. A. of- Marion. Believing also that the brotherhood of man is to 
be found not only in the churches but also in the fraternal orders, he is 
a loyal Mason. He is a Master Mason and a member of the Chapter, 
being junior warden of the Blue Lodge and Royal Arch Chapter. 

Professor Lentz has chosen one of the most poorly paid and unap- 
preciated professions that exist, but he surely finds a reward for all the 
struggles he has had to paSvS through, and for the disadvantages which he 
must endure in the love and respect not only of those who have come di- 
rectly under his influence, but of those who meet him in a non-profes- 
sional way. In selecting a man to fill such a position as he holds, where 
he comes in close contact with young people at their most impression- 



1114 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

able age, the responsibility is great, therefore the people of Marion are to 
be congratulated in having secured a man of such sterling character 
and fine principles as Professor Lentz. 

CHARLES WILLIAM HOFSOMMEK. That the farm and dairy business 
is not retarded by the possession of a liberal education on the part of the 
man who makes that industry his lifework is conclusively shown by the 
record of the Hofsommers, father and son, for a number of years ac- 
tive in farm and dairy circles of Clinton county. Rather, it is a dis- 
tinct and decided advantage, as will be shown by a brief summary of 
their careers. 

Charles William Hofsommer was born at Breese, Illinois, December 
29, 1878. He is the son of William Jacob Hofsommer, born at Frogtown, 
Clinton county, Illinois. January 12, 1857. William Jacob Hofsommer 
spent his early days on his father's farm, and attended the public schools 
of the community in which he was reared. Following his completion of 
the common school course he attended McKendree College at Lebanon for 
an extended period and later was graduated from Christian Brothers 
College at St. Louis, Missouri. On the completion of his college studies 
he embarked in a general merchandise business at Breese, with which he 
was connected actively for sixteen years. He was attracted, however, by 
farm life, and about three years previous to the time when he gave up his 
store in Breese he bought a fine farm near the outskirts of the town, and 
when he retired from the mercantile business he immediately engaged in 
the farm and dairying business. In the three years that he has conducted 
the enterprise the business has grown apace, and they now handle in the 
neighborhood of seventy gallons of milk daily, and produce a large 
quantity of butter as well. This part of the business is conducted al- 
most entirely by his son, Charles, as his time and attention is largely oc- 
cupied by the care of another fine farm of which he is the owner and 
manager. 

In 1878 Mr. Hofsommer was married to Miss Fredericka Helwig, of 
Breese. Five children were born to them, three of whom are now liv- 
ing. They are, Charles, Olga, now Mrs. Gus Glancey, and Lily, the wife 
of Henry Schroeder. The family are members of St. John's German 
Evangelical church, and are earnest and active in their affiliation with 
that organization. Mr. Hofsommer is a Republican in his political con- 
victions and adherence, and is prominent in local political circles. He 
has held various offices connected with the administration of city affairs, 
always with credit to himself and the city. 

Charles William Hofsommer, like his father, spent his boyhood days 
on the farm and attended the public schools. He was a graduate of the 
high school at Carlyle, following which he took a complete and thorough 
business course at Jones Commercial College in St. Louis, Missouri. Re- 
turning home to Breese, he went into the farm and dairy business with 
his father, whose operations were assuming such proportions that more 
help was necessary, and he has since that time been in charge of one of 
the farms owned by his father, conducting the affairs of the place with a 
wisdom and acumen that is producing results of no uncertain nature. As 
a coming dairyman, Mr. Hofsommer 's future is assured, and it is pre- 
dicted freely that he will make an enduring reputation for himself among 
leading men of his line of endeavor. Mr. Hofsommer is Republican in 
his political views, and active in the interests of the party. He is a 
stockholder in the Clinton County Racing Association, and a member of 
the Concordia Singing Society. He and his family are members of the 
German Evangelical church. 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1115 

In 1902 Mr. Hofsommer married Miss Tillie Flader, of Breese, Illi- 
nois. They are the parents of two children, William and Alvina. The 
family occupies one of the handsome residences erected by William J. 
Hofsommer on the farm located nearest to Breese, the other one of which 
is the home of the elder Hofsommer. 

THOMAS B. GOODMAN, M. D. The gentleman to a brief review of 
whose life and characteristics the reader's attention is herewith directed 
is among the foremost citizens of Cobden and has by his enterprise and 
progressive ideas contributed in a material way to the industrial and 
commercial advancement of the city and county. He has in the course of 
an honorable career been most successful in the business enterprises of 
which he is the head and is well deserving of mention in the biographical 
memoirs of Union county. Dr. Goodman would be a man of note did 
he limit his energies to his profession. His practice is large and he spe- 
cializes in surgery, and hundreds of families have for many years looked 
up to him as a kindly friend and doctor, his practice covering a radius 
of seven miles around Cobden. Nevertheless, he devotes much time to 
agriculture, owning a fine farm of two hundred and twenty acres, about 
one hundred of which are devoted to farming. This farm contains large 
deposits of kaolin, or China clay, used in manufacturing porcelain, which 
he mines extensively and disposes of sixty-eight carloads per year. He 
has been most successful financially and owns no less than twenty-two 
properties in Cobden. 

Dr. Goodman is a native son of Illinois, his birth having occurred at 
Anna, Illinois, March 22, 1859. He is the son of Moses Goodman, a na- 
tive of North Carolina, who migrated to Southern Illinois in 1854, being 
one of the first settlers of Union county. He was born in 1817 and mar- 
ried Amanda C. Peeler, a native of Union county. Moses Goodman en- 
gaged in merchandising in Anna during his lifetime and lived to ad- 
vanced age, his demise occurring in 1854. He reared a family of seven 
children, two of whom were the offspring of an early marriage contracted 
in North Carolina, namely : John and Dr. Mumford M. Goodman. The 
five children by the second marriage with Miss Peeler were as follows: 
Daniel Webster; William, deceased; Dr. Thomas B.; Nellie, deceased, 
was the wife of Dr. W. H. Damond, and Charles H. The doctor's 
mother, an honored lady, survives and makes her home at Anna. 

Dr. Goodman received his early education in the schools of Anna 
and took advantage of their higher department. He began the study of 
medicine in 1880, when twenty*one years of age, entering the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago, where he pursued a three years' 
course. He had spent a previous year taking a preparatory course at 
Valparaiso, Indiana. In the spring of 1884 he received his well-earned 
degree and immediately began his practice at Anna, where he remained 
for a year, in which brief time his unusual talents were apparent. He 
then located in Cobden, where he has ever since remained and where he 
enjoys an enviable reputation, the fame of his abilities being known far 
beyond the boundaries of the county. As before mentioned, he specializes 
in surgery, and he has made every effort to keep abreast of the latest dis- 
coveries in this wonderful science. 

Dr. Goodman is a man of genial and interesting personality and his 
gifts are of remarkably versatile order. A particularly pleasant phase 
is his interest in antiques and Indian relics and some of his discoveries 
have been of considerable value to antiquarians. He has a truly wonder- 
ful collection, which includes an ancient flax spinning wheel and hackle, 
guns of a bygone age, Mound Builders' relics and Indian implements of 



1116 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

many kinds. He is never so fluent as when explaining these, his knowl- 
edge of old customs being unusual. 

It has been said that the Doctor is an extensive miner of kaolin, his 
farm being situated in the heart of the kaolin district, near Kaolin Sta- 
tion, on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad. He ships his product to the eastern 
factories, engaging in the manufacture of terra cotta and fine clay work. 
The clay in his deposits extends to a depth of one hundred feet and is 
apparently inexhaustible, as it begins but a few feet below the surface. 
He has mined this for the past thirteen years. Kaolin is mined by means 
of pits sunk from the surface. A few years ago he sold one single de- 
posit for ten thousand dollars, and this industry is a source of great 
financial benefit. He takes pleasure in his agricultural operations, which 
his tenant farmer conducts on one hundred acres. His beautiful resi- 
dence is situated in Cobden and he has eloquently demonstrated his con- 
fidence in the future of the place by making himself the possessor of 
twenty-two lots within its pleasant boundaries. He also rents five houses. 

Dr. Goodman is fond of automobiling and makes use of a motor in 
making his professional visits in the surrounding country. He has also 
made many pleasure trips, for he is an out-of-door man and enjoys 
living "close to nature's heart." He also delights in hunting and is 
happiest when in the woods, engaged in hunting and fishing, in which 
sports he indulges whenever his manifold duties give him leisure. 

Dr. Goodman was first married in 1886, Harriet Buck, of Union 
county, daughter of Adam Buck, becoming his wife. Her untimely de- 
mise occurred in 1889. In 1891 he was united to Mrs. Minnie (Ross) 
Scott, of Cobden, daughter of Dr. B. F. and Elizabeth (Muzzy) Ross. 
Mrs. Goodman is a lady of culture and charm. She was educated in Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, and is a painter of great merit. She was previously mar- 
ried to a Mr. Scott, and the three children of this marriage are Florence, 
Bertha and Georgia. She and Dr. Goodman are the parents of three chil- 
dren, namely : Thomas M., Charles H. and Eloise D. 

Dr. Goodman is a member of the Union County, Illinois State, Ameri- 
can and Illinois Surgeons' Associations. He and his wife attend the Pres- 
byterian church and are active in Cobden 's best social and philanthropical 
activities. His energy is unflagging and he has proved a success as phy- 
sician, miner, farmer and antiquarian. 

HENRY ERNST SCHMIDT. Left an orphan at the early age of sixteen 
years, when death robbed him of both mother and father in the brief 
space of two short weeks, Henry Ernst Schmidt has been in the fullest 
sense the architect of his own fortune. Alone and unaided he has been 
able to secure a comprehensive education, and for several years past he 
has been filling acceptably the position of superintendent of the Breese 
public schools. That he was called to fill that responsible position in the 
town where he was born and spent his early youth is a fitting testimony 
to the intrinsic worth of the man, and of his qualifications for the work 
in which he is engaged. 

Henry Ernst Schmidt was born in Breese, Illinois, on January 19, 
1861. His father, Frederick Schmidt, was born February 17, 1827, in 
Mecklenburg, Germany. He was the son of a farmer, and when he came 
to America in 1859 he located at Breese, Illinois, and secured work as a 
day laborer. When he landed in New York he was immediately married 
to Catherina Yungblut, a native of Hessen-Darmstadt, Germany, the 
marriage occurring on September 25, 1859. Settling at Breese, Illinois, 
they took up their life among the earliest settlers of Clinton county. Five 
children were born of their union: Henry; Annie, now Mrs. Charles 
Muehlenbein ; William ; Lizzie, now Mrs. Armin Kerbes ; and Fred. Wil 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1117 

liam and Lizzie were twins. In 1877 Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt were torn 
from their young family by death, passing away within a few weeks, leav- 
ing their five children in an orphaned state, Henry being the eldest. No 
relatives were near to care for the children, and kind neighbors helped 
them, in various ways until they were old enough to make their own way 
in the world. 

Henry Ernst Schmidt found a home in the family of Charles Dorris, 
a neighboring farmer, and he worked with him for four years, diligently 
saving his slender earnings until he would have sufficient to see him 
through a course of schooling. He had been able to receive but very lim- 
ited advantages in the public schools prior to the time of his parents' de- 
mise and he was determined to secure an education that would help him 
materially in his future life and work. When he was twenty-one he drew 
out his savings of four years and attended the Southern Illinois Normal 
for two years. Following that course of study he accepted a position as 
teacher of the Breese school, which at that time had but one room, with 
an attendance of sixty to eighty pupils. After eight consecutive years of 
service in that capacity he took a position with the Breese Mill & Grain 
Company as clerk, remaining with that firm until the mills burned down 
several years later. Subsequently he was with the Hoffman & Helwig 
Company as a clerk in their store until 1908, at which time he was ap- 
pointed principal of the Breese public schools. The school system had 
expanded with the passing of the years, coincident with the growth of 
the town, and at the time Mr. Schmidt resumed the principalship of the 
schools after an interval of more than fifteen years the pupils were housed 
in a fine brick structure of four rooms, with an average attendance of two 
hundred scholars. The curriculum of the system includes nine grades, 
and graduates of the school are able to secure second grade teachers' cer- 
tificates. Mr. Schmidt's efforts since he has had charge of the schools 
nave been largely rewarded in renewed and increased efficiency of the 
system, and he is a strenuous worker for the advancement of the standing 
of the institution of which he is the head. Modern methods are his, and 
the results of his labors are everywhere apparent in the school. 

Mr. 'Schmidt is a liberal Republican in his political views and has 
held office in Breese in many and varied capacities. He was township 
collector for four consecutive terms, and township clerk for one term, as 
well as city treasurer of Breese. On each occasion he has been elected 
in the face of strong opposition, the town being almost solidly Democrat, 
but his record and standing has been such that he has been able to break 
down the strength of opposing political forces in every fight he has waged 
in the municipal elections. His service in every public office he has held 
has been of a high order, and always he has held the interests of his 
town in first place. Mr. Schmidt is a member of St. John's Evangelical 
church, is secretary of the church, and is active in all departments of its 
work. He is clerk of the Modern Woodmen of America lodge in Breese 
and is the secretary of the Concordia Singing Society of Breese. In ad- 
dition to Mr. Schmidt's position as superintendent of schools, he is the 
agent for a number of fire insurance companies, and carries on a thriv- 
ing business in that line in connection with his other duties. 

On April 29, 1886, Mr. Schmidt was united in marriage with Miss 
Emma Gerdes, daughter of Gottleib Gerdes, of Breese, her parents being 
both deceased. Ten children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt, 
eight of whom are living. Edward, the eldest, is superintendent of the 
Water, Light & Power Company of Breese, while Fred, Herbert. Harold, 
Hilda, Alfred, Alevia and Emily are all students in the schools of Breese. 



vol. in- 



1118 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

PAUL D. HEREIN is the popular and efficient incumbent of the office of 
cashier of the City National Bank of Herrin, and he is a scion of that 
family of pioneers and stanch countrymen so numerous in Williamson 
county, Illinois, and in whose honor the city of Herrin is named. A na- 
tive of Cartersville, Illinois, he was bom April 30, 1875, a son of John 
D. Herrin and a grandson of Oliver Herrin, whose father, David Herrin, 
was the recognized founder of the family in this county. 

David Herrin and Isaac Herring, brothers-in-law, came into Illinois 
and settled at Herrin 's Prairie about 1818, acquired a body of land from 
the vast wilderness then unsettled and belonging to the public domain, 
and they passed their lives raising stock and bringing into subjection their 
respective farms. These two respected pioneers came hither from Hop- 
kinsville, Kentucky, where was solemnized the marriage of David Herrin 
to Sarah Herring, February 25, 1814. The family of David and Sarah 
Herrin consisted of six children, as follows : Jackson ; Oliver, grandfather 
of the subject of this sketch ; Martha, who first married James Aikman and 
whose second husband is James Goodall, is a resident of Marion, Illinois; 
Betsy became the wife of Ephraim Snyder and passed away in Jackson 
county, Illinois; Lydia became Mrs. Newton Bradley and passed away in 
Williamson county ; and Delila P., married George Harrison, father of 
David R. Harrison, who led an active and successful life in the vicinity of 
Herrin, where he died. David Herrin was summoned to the life eternal 
September 1, 1870, at the age of seventy-seven years, and his cherished 
and devoted wife died July 31, 1856, 'at the age of sixty-three years. 

Oliver Herrin grew to maturity under the invigorating discipline of 
pioneer life and in due course of time he married Julia Spiller, a daugh- 
ter of an old Tennessee family that migrated to Illinois in the early days. 
The children of this union were : John, the father of Paul D. Herrin, of 
this notice ; Louisa, who married Curtis Brown and is now deceased ; 
Henry, who migrated to the state of Washington, where he became a 
prominent citizen of the city of Seattle ; and Charles, who lost his life 
in a railroad accident at Creal Springs. After the demise of Oliver Her- 
rin his widow became the wife of a Mr. Bradley and reared a second fam- 
ily, comprising: Lavinia ; Annie; William H., who passed away at Her- 
rin ; Emma married William Rummage and they reside at Marion, Illi- 
nois ; and George M. died in 1907. Mrs. Bradley survived her husband 
and subsequently married William Caplinger. 

John D. Herrin was born in Williamson county, Illinois, was spar- 
ingly schooled, owing to the times, and during the brief years he lived he 
was a country merchant. He married Miss Josie Brown, a daughter of 
Captain John Brown, mention of whom is made at length elsewhere in 
this work. John Herrin died in 1876, the father of Ruth, who is now 
Mrs. D. H. Harris, of Creal Springs; and Paul D., whose name forms the 
caption for this article. For a few years following the death of her hus- 
band Mrs. Herrin resided with Ruth and Paul on Herrin 's Prairie. In 
the early '80s she moved to Creal Springs, where she opened up an hotel 
for tourists and health-seekers, thereby giving that place its first im- 
petus toward a town. Several years later she disposed of her hotel and 
engaged in the general merchandise business at Creal Springs, where she 
is now living in retirement. She is a woman of most noble personality, 
possessed of shrewd judgment and splendid business ability. 

Paul D. Herrin grew up under a somewhat diversified environment, as 
it appears, and the atmosphere of his mother's hotel and store gave him 
some early and practical notions of business. He received a liberal educa- 
tion at Creal Springs and for a few years following his mother's retire- 
ment from business he spent his summers on the farm of his grandfather, 
Captain Brown. When the coal field began rapid development in the vi- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1119 

cinity of Herrin he secured a clerkship with the Elles Store Company, 
with which concern he remained for a period of years, at the expiration 
of which he engaged in the lumber business at Herrin. Pour years later 
he was encouraged to enter into that business on a larger scale and he then 
organized the Stotlar-Herrin Lumber Company, one of the important 
lumber concerns of Williamson county today. Following several years of 
active connection with the company he spent a year in travel on the Pa- 
cific coast, covering it from Los Angeles to Seattle and thoroughly ac- 
quainting himself with the business methods and social life of that sec- 
tion of the country. 

Eventually returning y> Illinois, Mr. Herrin withdrew from the lum- 
ber business and, in company with others, promoted and chartered the 
City National Bank, June 10, 1907, which concern immediately opened 
offices in the corner of one of the business houses of Herrin. A movement 
was at once begun to erect a home for the institution and in February, 
1908, the bank occupied its quarters in the new structure. The building 
is of buff, hydraulic pressed brick, one hundred by thirty-seven and a 
half feet in lateral dimensions and two stories high. It is rather massive 
in design and is one of the most attractive business houses in Herrin. The 
capital stock of the bank is fifty thousand dollars and it is officered as 
follows: John Alexander, president; R. A. Karr, vice-president; Paul 
D. Herrin, cashier ; and Walter Goodout, assistant cashier. 

At Herrin, June 16, 1899, Mr. Herrin was united in marriage to Miss 
Ruby Stotlar, who is a daughter of William N. and Sarah (Cox) Stotlar 
Mr. Stotlar was a prominent and influential farmer of this community 
during his active career and is now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Herrin have 
two children, Jean and Jo. 

Mr. Herrin is a Master Mason, a member of the Elks and the Eagles, 
and he is also affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

WILLIAM CLARK CARSON. One of the leading Republican newspapers 
of Southern Illinois is The Greenville Advocate, which has long been rec- 
ognized as a director of party policies and a supporter of its acknowl- 
edged candidates, as well as a newspaper singularly free from sensational- 
ism, its policy always having been to give to the reading public the best 
to be found in journalism. Its rapid growth in favor among the people 
of this section of the state is due in large part to the efforts of its man- 
aging editor, William Clark Carson, who holds a prominent position 
among Illinois newspaper men, and a citizen whose sincerity in develop- 
ing the interests of his community has never been questioned. 

William Clark Carson was born at Woodburn, Macoupin county, Illi- 
i nois, August 7, 1874, and is a son of William T. and Abbie E. (Colcord) 
Carson. William T. Carson was a native of Franklin, Tennessee, where 
he was born February 8, 1832. When he was eighteen months old he was 
brought by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Blackburn Carson, to Ma- 
coupin county, Illinois, and there the family resided on a farm until 
1845, in which year they removed to Woodburn. His father passed away 
in 1886 and his mother three years later. As a young man William T. 
Carson engaged in the mercantile business in Woodburn, and then spent 
four years in the same line in Greenville, but in 1 873 returned to Wood- 
burn, where he followed commercial pursuits until 1892, when he retired 
from business activities and came to Greenville. He served as postmaster 
during five administrations at Woodburn, being an independent Demo- 
crat in politics, and for twenty years acted in the capacity of justice of 
the peace. On May 18, 1856, he was married in the old Congregational 
church at Greenville, to Miss Abbie E. Colcord, who was born in Wilton, 
Maine, March 7, 1837, and came to Illinois in 1840 with her father, Sam- 



1120 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

uel Colcord, making the journey in a covered wagon. Samuel Colcord,, 
who was one of this county 's most highly esteemed citizens, died in No- 
vember, 1893. Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Carson, namely : 
Eula, Clarence H., Francis P., Ella, William Clark and Harriet S., of 
whom Francis P. and Ella are now deceased. At the time of the dissolu- 
tion of the old Congregational church Mr. and Mrs. Carson became con- 
nected with the Presbyterian church, of which they are still members. 

William Clark Carson attended the public schools of Woodburn, the 
Bunker Hill Military Academy and Shurtleff College, but did not com- 
plete his course in the latter institution, owing to failing eyesight. La- 
ter his parents removed to Greenville, where he attended Greenville Col- 
lege, and graduated therefrom in the class of 1895, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Commercial Science. In the following year Mr. Carson en- 
tered the employ of W. W. Lowis, of The Greenville Advocate, and he 
has since been connected with this paper. He became city editor in 1898, 
and when Mr. Lowis was appointed postmaster of Greenville, in May, 
1906, he took over the active management of The Advocate, in which he 
secured a half-interest May 1, 1908, the firm style at that time becoming 
Lowis & Carson. Also at that time he assumed the editorial and busi- 
ness management of the paper, and acts in that capacity at present. 

The Greenville Advocate is one of the oldest publications in the state, 
having been in existence for more than fifty -four years, and since March, 
1911, has been issued twice a week, on Mondays and Thursdays, the 
former containing from four to ten pages, and the latter from eight to 
sixteen pages, filled with accurate and comprehensive news and illustra- 
tions, while the editorial page wields a strong influence in matters of im- 
portance along all lines. One of the most modern plants in this part of 
Illinois has been erected for its use, and everything that goes to make up 
a wide-awake, up-to-date newspaper has been installed here, including 
linotype machine, cylinder presses and a modern folder. Three men are 
employed in the editorial department and six in the mechanical depart- 
ment and press rooms, in addition to a large force of carriers, and the 
circulation has grown rapidly in late years, now being more than two 
thousand one hundred. Mr. Carson believes in progress, has taken an 
active interest in local affairs and has identified himself with all move- 
ments tending to better his community in any way. He is stanch in 
his support of Republican principles, but has not sought public prefer- 
ment on his own account. He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of 
America and the Woodmen of the World, while his religious association 
is with the Presbyterian church, of which his wife is also a consistent 
member. 

On October 14, 1900, Mr. Carson married Miss Louise Seawell, daugh- 
ter of the Hon. Charles W. Seawell, who served two terms in the Illi- 
nois State Legislature and fifteen years as an internal revenue agent, be- 
ing for three years in charge of the Chicago internal revenue office. Mr. 
and Mrs. Carson have had one child, Mildred, who is attending school. 

WILLIAM W. Lowis. Possessed of industry, zeal, a real love of his 
chosen work, clever wit and an individual style, with a high ideal of 
journalistic work, William W. Lowis of Greenville, Illinois, dean of the 
newspaper men of Bond county, established a widespread reputation in 
this state among his colleagues, and from the close of the Civil war until 
his practical retirement from this field of endeavor, in May, 1906, was as- 
sociated in official capacities with some of the leading periodicals of the 
state. Mr. Lowis, who for five years has been acting in the office of post- 
master of Greenville, was born in Spalding, Lincolnshire England, Febru- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1121 

ary 10, 1846, and is a son of John Walker and Elizabeth Ann (Bond) 
Lowis. 

John Walker Lowis was born in Louth, England, and as a young man 
learned the draper's trade, which he followed at Spalding until May, 1850, 
in that year coming to the United States and settling in Janesville, Wis- 
consin. Two years later he removed to Freeport, Illinois, where for sev- 
eral years he held the office of deputy recorder of deeds, and in 1872 he 
went to Escanaba, Michigan, retired from active life and lived with his 
children until his death in 1874. He was a Northern Democrat during 
the Civil war, and a faithful member of the Episcopal church. Mr. Lowis 
was married (first) in England, to Elizabeth Ann Bond, who died at 
Janesville, Wisconsin, in 1850, and to this union there were born eleven 
children, of whom William W. was the sixth in order of birth. In 1852 
the second marriage of Mr. Lowis occurred, when he was united with Miss 
Mary Nichols, of Janesville, by whom he had two children. Mrs. Lowis 
survives her husband and makes her home with her daughter in Es- 
canaba, Michigan. 

William W. Lowis was four years of age when the family came to the 
United States, and his education was secured in the common schools of 
Freeport, Illinois. Pn completing his schooling he became clerk in a 
store in Janesville, Wisconsin, from whence he enlisted for service in the 
Fortieth Wisconsin Volunteers, and served six months during the Civil 
war, participating in some heavy engagements in Tennessee and Ala- 
bama. On receiving his honorable discharge he went to Freeport, where 
he was initiated into newspaper work, serving an apprenticeship to the 
printer's trade in the office of the Freeport Bulletin. After one year 
he was made foreman of the office, a position which he held for fifteen 
years, and then went to Lanark, Illinois, where for two years he pub- 
lished the Carroll County Gazette. Disposing of his interests there, he re- 
moved to Lena, Illinois, and for sixteen years was owner and publisher of 
the Lena Star, and in 1893 came to Greenville and purchased the Advo- 
cate. This paper, one of the oldest in the state, was established in 1854, 
and is now published twice a week, having a circulation of two thousand. 
In 1898 Mr. Lowis made William C. Carson his city editor, and in May, 
1906, that gentleman took over the active management. In May, 1908, the 
firm of Lowis & Carson was formed, Mr. Carson at that time becoming 
half-owner, editor and business manager, although Mr. Lowis still holds 
a half-interest in the newspaper. The Advocate is one of the leading Re- 
publican organs of Southern Illinois, and is equipped with a plant that 
is in every way sufficient to its needs. The policy of the paper shows that 
its publishers realize the great responsibility they have assumed in these 
days when newspapers practically control public opinion, and by the 
hearty support it is being given it has been demonstrated that the read- 
ing public appreciates the efforts of the owners to put forth a clean, re- 
liable source of information. In 1906 Mr. Lowis was appointed post- 
master of Greenville, in which office he has served to the present time. He 
served as private secretary to Lieutenant-Governor W. A. Northcott dur- 
ing his first term, and has always been prominent in Republican politics, 
being chairman of the Republican County Central Committee for sev- 
eral years. The best interests of Greenville have been uppermost in his 
mind, and he was largely instrumental in securing the Federal Building 
for this city. 

On January 6, 1870, Mr. Lowis was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary Jane Newcomer, and they had one son, who died at the age of four 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Lowis are consistent members of the Episcopal 
church. He has been prominent in Grand Army circles, and was ad- 



1122 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

jutant and commander of the local post for a number of years, while fra- 
ternally he is connected with the Masons and the Court of Honor. 

JAMES EDWARD VENERABLE. In this section of the country, teeming 
with successful farmers and orchardists, one of the foremost places 
should be given to James Edward Venerable. Starting out in life with 
the great handicap of orphanhood, he has now reached the place where he 
holds the distinction of being the largest shipper of fruits and vegetables 
in the Cobden district. This splendid rise is the result of his own cour- 
age and determination, strengthened by the fight against adverse condi- 
tions. The respect with which he is regarded in the community is suf- 
ficient proof that his struggle for success has not only resulted in a fine 
business, but also in a strong and upright character. 

Mr. Venerable was born at Metropolis, Illinois, on the 18th of April, 
1858, being the only child of Benjamin and Eliza (Crittenden) Vener- 
able. His father was a native of the Blue Grass state, who had been at- 
tracted by the rich farm lands of Southern Illinois and had migrated to 
this section before the Civil war. But this peaceful life was not to last, 
for when the Civil war broke out the farmer dropped his plow, enlisted in 
a cavalry regiment and served through a large part of the war in the 
Union army. He fell at last in a skirmish with the guerillas. He and his 
wife had left by death the young boy, James, adrift on the world when 
but eighteen months old. 

During his youth the lad was a welcome inmate in the homes of three 
families, but he always considered that of Mrs. Betsy Lamer, in Union 
county, his real abiding place. Until he became of age the boy worked 
for various farmers, thus serving his apprenticeship and gaining the prac- 
tical experience which was to serve him in such good stead during his 
later life. By frugality and stern self denial he saved sufficient money 
to buy his present home farm of forty acres. He immediately followed 
the trend of the times into specialization, devoting his time to tomatoes, so 
successfully that he was able to increase his acreage to its present size of 
two hundred and seventy acres. This land is planted with seventeen hun- 
dred apple trees, three thousand peach trees, twenty-five hundred pears, 
and the remainder of the farm in a valuable diversified crop, which in- 
cludes asparagus and rhubarb. In 1911 the apple trees produced a rather 
poor crop, which he sold for five thousand dollars, but the peach crop was 
very fine, bringing him three dollars a bushel, the total being between 
eight and ten thousand dollars. At one time he also grew sweet potatoes 
in large quantities, but now he does not raise any for the market. 

Mr. Venerable believes strongly in fraternalism, his affiliation being 
with the Ancient Masonic order, Cobden Lodge, No. 446, Chapter No. 
46, at Anna, and he also has the honor of being a Knight Templar of 
Cairo Commandery, No. 13. He has always stood for the principles of 
true sportsmanship, and his own healthful out of doors life has caused 
him to wish to give his friends an opportunity to possess some of its 
benefits. To this end he founded the Cobden Gun Club, further display- 
ing his altruistic spirit by buying and developing the land which the 
club now owns. Although many fine shots have become members of the 
club since its beginning, his reputation as one of the best marksmen still 
remains undisputed. 

In 1881 Mr. Venerable was married to Nancy Elizabeth Randleman, 
the daughter of Martin and Clara (Lamer) Randleman. Four children 
were born to them : Iva, James Earl, Willis and Herbert Wallace. 

Starting as a farm laborer at fourteen dollars a month, going into 
debt for his first farm, and sturdily bearing this double load until he had 



OF THE 
8OEBSITY CF IUJKOT, 



OMHE 
<8SITY OF I 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1123 

paid off his indebtedness, his courage and perseverance make him a figure 
whom the young men of his community might well use as a model. 

WILLIAM GEORGE BECHTOLD, M. D. Among the professions the one 
making the most demand upon time, study and experience is probably 
that of medicine, and to make a success of his vocation the doctor must at 
all times be willing to sacrifice everything else for it. William George 
Bechtold, one of the successful physicians and surgeons of Clinton county, 
Illinois, whose chosen field of practice is the thriving city of Breese, has, 
from a humble beginning, built up one of the finest practices in this part 
of the county. He was born June 11, 1862, at Belleville, Illinois, and is 
a son of Frederick and Eugenie (DuBoweaire) Bechtold. 

Frederick Bechtold was born in Germany, in 1822, and there re- 
ceived his education and learned the trade of professional decorator. He 
was married in that country to Mile. Eugenie DuBoweaire, a native of 
France, and they had a family of ten children, William George being the 
ninth in order of birth. On coming to this country Mr. Bechtold fol- 
lowed his trade for some years, but eventually entered the insurance 
business and came to Belleville, Illinois, where he followed that occupa- 
tion until within a few years of his death, when he retired. He was a 
prominent citizen in Belleville, was well known in the insurance field, and 
during President Lincoln 's administration held several offices by appoint- 
ment, being a hard worker in the ranks of the Republican party. His 
death occurred in Belleville in 1894, while his wife passed away in 1882. 

William George Bechtold received his primary schooling in the public 
institutions of Belleville, immediately after leaving which he entered the 
Missouri Medical College and was graduated therefrom in 1884, with the 
degree of M. D. In the next month, April, he came to Breese, where he 
engaged in a general practice, and he has since continued here, having won 
a widespread reputation by his success in numerous complicated cases. 
He has done considerable surgical work, and is surgeon for the Balti- 
more & Ohio Railroad Company at Breese. Progressive in all matters, Dr. 
Bechtold was one of the first in this city to adopt the automobile, and he 
finds it assists him materially in making calls, as well as being the means 
of taking numerous pleasure trips. In political matters the Doctor is a 
Republican, but his practice has demanded his attention to such an ex- 
tent that he has found little time to give to public matters. However, he 
is a public-spirited citizen, and all matters pertaining to the welfare of 
Breese will find in him an interested and active supporter. Fraternally 
he is connected with the Masonic Lodge and the I. 0. 0. F. In addition 
to his comfortable home, Dr. Bechtold owns considerable city property, 
and has a well-cultivated farming tract of three hundred and sixty acres, 
located in Clinton county. He keeps well abreast of the new discoveries 
and inventions in his profession by subscribing to the leading medical 
journals, and holds membership in the State, County and American Medi- 
cal associations. 

In 1894 Dr. Bechtold was united in marriage with Miss Lena Tieman, 
of Belleville, Illinois, daughter of August Tieman, a retired business man 
of that city, and three children have been born to this union, namely: 
Eugene, Dorothy and Robert. 

CAPTAIN ELISHA DILLON. The life of a successful man is an inter- 
esting study. When one comes in frequent contact with such a man 
his characteristics, his manner of doing things, as well as the evidences 
of his ability, seem to all work in harmony to make what the world 
names a great man. When one reflects upon these various points, the 
blending of them all into the man himself makes the study more dif- 



1124 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

ficult. But one cannot fail to see distinctly the bold lines which denote 
success. With no one do these lines stand out more prominently among 
the so-called successful men of Franklin county than with Elisha Dillon, 
who for years has been closely identified with the business and finan- 
cial interests of the city of Benton. Mr. Dillon is a product of Frank- 
lin county, and was born August 19, 1842, a son of Captain Milliam 
B. and Margaret (Eubanks) Dillon, natives of Tennessee. 
. Isaac Dillon, the grandfather of Elisha, was born in Virginia and 
at an early day moved to Tennessee, from whence he came to Illinois, 
where his death occurred. He came of Irish ancestry. William B. 
Dillon was born in Tennessee, in 1809, and he was eleven years of age 
when he accompanied his parents to Williamson (now Franklin) 
county, Illinois. He was a blacksmith, farmer, carpenter and general 
jack-of-all-trades, and among other things made all the coffins used in 
his neighborhood for many years. He was a justice of the peace for 
forty years, and when John A. Logan practiced law in Benton he fre- 
quently had a case for trial before Justice Dillon. At times the office 
would not accommodate the crowd gathered, and court then adjourned 
to a nearby large oak tree. Until 1870 Mr. Dillon resided on his farm, 
but in that year went to DuQuoin, and subsequently to Tamaroa, Perry 
county, where his death occurred when he was eighty-seven years of 
age. He organized and served as captain of Company I, Fifty-sixth 
Regiment, Illinois Volunteers, until he was attacked by typhoid 
fever and was obliged to resign his commission and return home. Not 
alone he of his family served in that war, but his three sons, Elisha, 
John and James, all offered themselves to their country in the cause of 
the Union. James was mortally wounded at Shiloh and died a few 
days afterward, while John died after the close of the war as a result 
of an illness contracted while in the service. The parents of William 
B. Dillon's wife were farming people of Tennessee who became early 
settlers of Franklin county and here spent the remainder of their lives. 

Elisha Dillon, the only one of the three brothers to survive the Civil 
war, received the rudiments of his education as a lad in an old log 
schoolhouse with a clapboard roof, one door, no windows, a huge fire- 
place in the middle of the room, and seats made of roughly hewn logs. 
He was just about ready to enter the public schools at Benton when 
the Civil war came on, and he enlisted in his father's company, De- 
coming its first sergeant. At the time of his father's resignation, en- 
forced through serious illness, on August 18, 1862, the son Elisha was 
promoted to second lieutenant, and on August 31st of the same year 
was made captain of the company. He was at the siege of Corinth in 
April, 1862, and on October 2d, 3d and 4th took part in the three days' 
battle at Corinth, where his sword shield was struck and badly dam- 
aged by a bullet. He was with Grant at Holly Springs and Oxford, 
Mississippi, participating in several sharp skirmishes, one with bush- 
rangers being especially severe. On December 24th and 25th, during a 
heavy rainstorm, his company, as a part of Grant's command, marched 
from Oxford, Mississippi, to Memphis, and, during that time without 
anything to eat and having no tents or shelter on the banks of the 
river, they were compelled to sleep in the rain both nights. The 
weather suddenly changed and their clothing was frozen to their 
bodies. Captain Dillon served with distinction at Champion Hill and 
Black river, and in the siege of Vicksburg was in the assault on the 
Rebel works May 23, 1863, and in the fighting was knocked down by a 
Rebel shell. It was there that he contrated the illness which made his 
resignation imperative. 

After his return to civilian life Captain Dillon went to DeWitt 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1125 

county, Illinois, and with a few hundred dollars which he had been able 
to save purchased one hundred acres of land, making a first payment 
with the amount. Then he settled down to follow the peaceful life of 
an agriculturist. Progressive in all things, Captain Dillon was the 
first farmer to use tile in his section of the country, and he made one 
of the finest farms in the section, later selling his holdings for forty 
dollars an acre, at that time the highest price ever paid for land in that 
locality. Captain Dillon first came to Benton in 1883, in which year 
he established himself in the mercantile business and continued therein 
for two years. But not liking the business he began loaning money 
and buying tax titles, an occupation which he has since carried on with 
great success. He has a beautiful home in Benton, where he owns con- 
siderable property and is looked upon as one of the substantial men of 
the city. 

In 1862 Captain Dillon was married to Miss Laurenda Maddox, 
daughter of James Maddox, who was an early settler of Franklin 
county, and she died in 1863, during which same year he was married 
to Miss Olive Martin. Mrs. Dillon, who was a daughter of Samuel 
Martin, an early settler of DeWitt county, died May 12, 1888, leaving 
one child, John S., who was second lieutenant of Company F, Ninth 
Illinois Regiment, during the Spanish-American war, and is now the 
editor of a newspaper at Oxford, Ohio. Mr. Dillon's third marriage 
occurred January 15, 1893, when he was united with the widow of his 
cousin, Captain W. J. Dillon, of Company C of the gallant Eighteenth 
Regiment, who was killed at Shiloh. Captain Dillon was a law stu- 
dent of John A. Logan, and was county judge of Franklin county when 
the war was inaugurated. He resigned to enlist and was made first 
lieutenant of his company. For gallantry at Belmont he was promoted 
captain of his company. He was first wounded at Fort Donelson, but, 
with his wounded arm in a sling, rejoined his regiment in a short time 
and met his death at Shiloh. His widow was made an honorary daugh- 
ter of the Eighteenth Regiment, as being the youngest widow of the 
regiment. Her maiden name was Hettie A. Duncan, daughter of John 
R. and Jane (Riddell) Duncan, and a direct descendant of Queen Isa- 
bella of England, of whom history has it that "From King John and 
Isabella every sovereign who has since sat upon the throne of England 
is descended." Mr. Duncan was born in Maysville, Kentucky, and all 
his ancestors served in both the Revolutionary war and the War of 
1812. Mrs. Dillon's grandfather was an orderly to General Jackson at 
the battle of New Orleans. The Riddell family traces its ancestors 
back to the year 886, A. D., to the Earl of Angonlesme and Piragord of 
France, ancestors of Queen Isabella. Mrs. Dillon was a step-daughter 
of Hon. Walter S. Aiken, prominent in Southern Illinois, he having 
served as postmaster of Benton, as judge of Franklin county and as a 
member of the Illinois legislature. As her mother was an invalid the 
daughter, then a young girl, assisted in entertaining many noted guests 
at the family home, including Governor Yates, Governor Oglesby, Gen- 
eral and Mrs. Logan, General and Mrs. I. N. Haynie, Judges Breese. 
Marshall and Allen and other noted personages. From the time of 
their first meeting at the old Logan home here Mrs. Logan and Mrs. 
Dillon have retained the warmest friendship for each other. Mrs. Dil- 
lon, then a young girl, was the Logans' guest when Senator Douglas 
made his memorable visit to Benton. Mrs. Logan has accorded Mrs. 
Dillon a place in her forthcoming book, "The Part Taken by Women 
in American History." Mrs. Dillon is prominent in social affairs, a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, of the W. C. T. U. and of 
the Self Culture Class of Benton. 



1126 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Captain Dillon is senior vice commander of the Southern Illinois 
Soldiers and Sailors Reunion Association, the largest organization of 
ex-soldiers in the world, which was established twenty-nine years ago 
and holds reunions every year, at which time there is an attendance of 
from ten thousand to fifteen thousand people. He organized the G. A. 
R. post here and was its first commander. A stanch Republican in 
political matters, his first vote was cast for Abraham Lincoln for pres- 
ident in 1864. When the offices of the Franklin County Chronicle were 
destroyed by fire, August 23, 1893, he showed his loyalty by purchas- 
ing a new press, naming it the Benton Republican, and in December of 
the same year the paper issued its first edition. Captain Dillon was 
collector of his township in DeWitt county for three years when the 
township was largely Democratic, but he was elected each time on the 
Republican ticket. In 1876 he was candidate for the office of sheriff 
of DeWitt county, on the Republican ticket, but owing to political 
conditions at the time he met with defeat, although by only a small 
margin. He has on numerous occasions served as delegate to state and 
county conventions, and in 1892 was made county chairman and re- 
elected in 1894 for two more years (that year marking the first time 
Franklin county ever went Republican). He was made special ser- 
geant to the convention in 1896 that nominated McKinley for the pres- 
idency, in 1896 also was made chairman of the senatorial district, and 
in 1898 two Republican representatives were elected for the first time 
in the history of the district. He is now serving as treasurer for the 
Republican central committee, and for a number of years has acted 
as public administrator of Franklin county. During the Spanish- 
American war he organized a company for the regiment named for 
the Chicago Press Association and received a captain's commission 
from the governor, but the division was not needed and never went to 
the war. In fraternal circles Captain Dillon has been for forty-two 
years an Odd Fellow, and is a charter member of the Elks lodge in 
Benton. 

As a soldier, as a business man and as a citizen Captain Dillon has 
proved himself a thoroughly representative citizen of Illinois, and well 
merits the respect and esteem in which he is held by his fellow citizens. 

JUDGE HENRY WILSON is the police magistrate of Herrin and has been 
connected with the city government in some capacity or other almost 
from the inception of the town. He came here while the townsite was 
yet responding to the toil of the husbandman and has watched its phe- 
nomenal growth and aided modestly in its development as an industrial 
center and as a competitor for metropolitan honors in Williamson county. 
Judge Wilson dates his advent in this locality from 1896. There was 
nothing on the site of the future Herrin but a depot and a few frame 
structures stores scattered here and there. He built the first cottage 
that could be styled a home and established a saw-mill in the woods 
close by and for several years was engaged in cutting into lumber the 
limited quantity of timber adjacent to the town. 

In 1902 Judge Wilson abandoned milling and devoted his attention 
to the office of justice of the peace, to which he had been elected. Ere 
this the town had spread over the country almost like a prairie fire and 
the free and open condition of it gave the local court much business from 
the unlawful element that gathers in numbers about a new and wide- 
awake place. He was justice of the peace for three years, served also 
as one of the first aldermen, following incorporation, and was then 
elected mayor. During his first term the electric line was built in here 
and a new impetus given to an enthusiastic .and strenuous populace. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1127 

As real estate began to boom Judge Wilson became a dealer in it, built 
a few houses as a speculator and as a developer and eventually erected his 
own home, one of the best residences in Herrin, the same occupying spa- 
cious grounds in the north end of the city. In 1908 he was elected as a 
candidate of the Labor party, to the police magistracy, although he is a 
Republican upon state and national issues. 

Judge Wilson came into Williamson county from near Akin, Illi- 
nois, and he was born in Benton, this state, near the site of the Franklin 
county jail. His birth occurred December 23, 1858, and his father was 
Larkin Wilson, who came to Illinois from near Princeton, Gibson county, 
Indiana. Larkin Wilson was born in Indiana, was a farmer's son and 
married Louisa Martin, a daughter of Bailey Martin, one of the widely 
known citizens of Franklin county, Illinois. Mr. Martin was a farmer 
and stockman and formerly resided in Indiana. Larkin Wilson was a 
tanner both before and following his advent in Illinois, having been en- 
gaged in that business at Owensville, Indiana, and at Benton, Illinois. 
Abandoning that occupation, he moved to a farm and was identified with 
agricultural pursuits during the residue of his life. He was a stalwart 
Republican and was a supporter of church effort, although not a member 
of any religious denomination. He passed away in 1899 and his chil- 
dren were : William, who died unmarried ; Judge Henry, of this review ; 
Mary, who passed away in childhood ; John 0., a resident of Big Lake, 
Washington ; Charles, who maintains his home at Haniford, Illinois ; Alice 
is Mrs. George Williamson, of Benton, Illinois. 

The paternal grandfather of Judge Wilson died in Gibson county, 
Indiana. His children were : John, who reared a family in Gibson county, 
Indiana ; Mary, who became the wife of Dr. Henry Wilson and died in 
Franklin county, Illinois ; and Larkin, father of the subject of this 
sketch. 

Henry Wilson, of this notice, was educated in the public schools of 
Franklin county and for a time he also attended school in Perry county, 
Illinois. As a farmer he was modestly identified with public matters in 
Eastern township, where he resided, having been township collector and 
assessor on different occasions. He left the farm to engage in the manu- 
facture of lumber at Herrin and with the passage of time other matters 
developed to change the whole course of his life. 

In November, 1881, Judge Wilson was married, in Franklin county, 
to Miss Nancy E. Akin, a daughter of Robert Akin, a leading member of 
the Scotch settlers who occupied a large portion of the country about Ben- 
ton as refugees from the religious oppression of their native land. The 
Akins and McClains comprise a large citizenship of Benton community 
and are noted for their allegiance to church work and as members of the 
Missionary Baptist faith. These clans perpetuate the memory of their 
deliverance by occasional convocations where the Scotch dress of the olden 
time is brought out and the youth of today are made to feel the sacred- 
ness of the ties that once bound their forefathers to their native land. 
The Akin family, now of vast numbers in Illinois, is wont to hold fam- 
ily gatherings at Benton, and this practice has come to be somewhat his- 
toric, in view of the programs, the Scotch dress and the sentiment ut- 
tered upon the occasion for their forced exile from the hills and vales 
of the highlands. 

Robert Akin married Lucretia Atchison, and their children were: 
James, a farmer near Miami, Oklahoma ; Charles, special pension ex- 
aminer in the United States service at Indianapolis. Indiana ; Jane is 
the wife of Mandrake Summers, a farmer of Franklin county, Illinois ; 
Miss Malinda is a resident of Franklin county ; Nancy E. is the 
wife of Judge Wilson, as already set Torth; Eveline married Whit- 



1128 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

field Conover, of Franklin county; Adeline is the widow of Samuel 
Shepherd, formerly of Franklin county ; Robert is a farmer in Franklin 
county; Hiram is ex-county superintendent of Franklin county, where 
he resides ; Milton is a resident of Thompson ville, Illinois ; and Hannah 
died as Mrs. William Moore. 

The children of Judge and Mrs. Wilson are : Ethel B., of Big Sandy, 
Montana, who, with a girl friend, braved the environment of the fron- 
tier, took a claim and is gaining title to a home in that locality ; Charles 
is manager of the W. P. Rend store at Rend City, where he is likewise 
postmaster ; and James A. is a student in the engineering department of 
the University of Illinois. 

In his fraternal connections Judge Wilson is a valued and appreci- 
ative member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of 
Pythias, the Modern Woodmen of America and the Modern Brotherhood 
of America. His family are devout members of the Missionary Baptist 
church, in the different departments of whose work they are active fac- 
tors. Judge Wilson is genial in his associations, honorable and straight- 
forward in his business dealings and a man of mark in all the relations 
of life. He is a valued citizen and an efficient public servitor. 

DR. JAMES JOSEPH MORONY is one of the best known and liked medi- 
cal men in Clinton county, Illinois. His Irish ancestry has bequeathed to 
him the tender heart and sympathetic nature of the sons of Erin, and 
these qualities have rendered him very popular throughout the district. 

James J. Morony was born at Decatur, Illinois, on the 6th of Sep- 
tember, 1865. He was the son of John Morony, who first saw the light 
of day in far-famed old County Clare, in Ireland, in 1819. John Mo- 
rony studied engineering in Ireland, and then took up railroad contract- 
ing, following this occupation throughout his active life. In 1848 he 
came to America and located at Decatur, Illinois. In his work here as a 
railroad contractor he built part of the Illinois Central and Wabash rail- 
roads. In 1853 he was married in St. Louis to Helen Godfrey. At that 
time she was living in St. Louis, but, like her husband, she hailed from 
the Emerald Isle. Four of the children born to them grew to matur- 
ity : Hugh C., a fireman in the St. Louis fire department ; Andrew C., an 
attorney in St. Louis ; Joseph J. ; and Patrick, who died in 1904, having 
reached the position of division freight agent for the Iron Mountain 
Railroad. Until within a few years of his death Mr. Morony followed a 
very active life, but as his health failed he retired and in 1898 he died at 
St. Louis. The death of his wife had occurred several years before, in 
1893, at St. Louis. In politics Mr. Morony was a Republican, and the 
religious affiliations of both his wife and himself were with the Roman 
Catholic church. 

Since the profession of his father forced him to often change his 
place of residence, the early life of the son was spent in a number of dif- 
ferent places, among them being, Decatur, La Place, Arcola and St. 
Louis. His education was obtained in the public schools of the above 
places. After leaving school he went to work in the railroad offices. 
Having no experience, he began at the very bottom and worked 
up until finally he reached the position of traveling auditor for the 
Terminal Railroad Association. Until 1892 he followed railroading and 
then, thinking that his taste for medicine was stronger than that for the 
railroad business, he gave up his position and entered the Marion Sims 
school. He had been in business for a good many years and was older 
than the average student, so the work was unusually hard for him, but 
he stuck doggedly at it and in 1895 was graduated from the institution. 
At first he was located in St. Louis and then, in 1897, he came to Breese. 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1129 

Here he has since remained, conducting a general practice and doing 
considerable work in the hospital of Breese. He has not cared for either 
politics or business, preferring to devote himself exclusively to his pro- 
fession. He is interested in the civic life of the city, however, and 
since 1900 he has served as coroner of Clinton county. He votes the 
Democratic ticket, but is content to see others holding the offices. He is 
a member of the Roman Catholic church, and is associated fraternally 
with the Knights of Columbus. In his own profession he belongs to the 
State, County and American Medical Societies, and takes much interest 
in the work of these various organizations. 

On the 17th of June, 1890, Mr. Morony was married to Katherine 
O'Brien, of St. Louis. They have become the parents of two children, 
Mary and Frank. 

Willing tribute should be given to men like Dr. Morony, who sacri- 
fice themselves willingly on the altar of duty, and give themselves freely 
in the service of their fellow men. He has lived and worked in Breese 
for many years and its townspeople have learned to put a high valuation 
upon his services, for they are given not only as a professional man, 
but as a friend. 

GEORGE W. RICH. Union county is rich in her well-to-do farmers. 
The best citizenship, the sturdiest characters, the most dependable men, 
are, in part at least, to be found among those men who have lived close to 
the soil and by close attention to the duty nearest to hand have amassed 
comfortable fortunes and incidentally linked themselves indissolubly 
with the life and history of their city and county. Prominent among men 
of that type is George W. Rich, a resident of Cobden since his birth, and 
well and favorably known in Union county all the days of his life thus 
far. 

George W. Rich is the son of William Carroll Rich, who was born 
November 18, 1819, in Alabama. He came to Illinois in 1832 with his 
father's family, and he is distinguished today as the oldest living resident 
of Union county. In 1843 William C. Rich married and settled on the 
farm on which he now lives. During the years of his activity he accumu- 
lated a tract of land containing several thousand acres, which he has but 
lately deeded to his heirs. He is also known to be the oldest bank presi- 
dent in Illinois, being the president of the First National Bank of Cob- 
den since its organization. In 1843 Mr. Rich married Millie C. Guthrie, 
the daughter of Anslon Guthrie, a native of Tennessee, where she was 
bor in 1823. The Guthrie family came to Illinois in about 1829, and have 
been residents of the state since then. Mr. and Mrs. Rich were the par- 
ents of a family of twelve children, named below as follows : Mrs. Saman- 
tha Tripp, deceased; Mrs. Kate McMahon; Matilda, twice married, her 
first husband having been W. C. Monroe, of Anna, deceased, and her sec- 
ond husband is John Halterman, an official in the Anna (Illinois) Hospi- 
tal ; Lafayette married Miss Anna Lingle ; Mrs. Eliza Condon ; Mrs. Maria 
Hilton; Amalphous, died September 8, 1893, at the age of thirty-five 
years ; William J". ; Lou, still in the home of the family ; Lizzie, a success- 
ful teacher for twenty years; George W., of Cobden; and one that died 
in infancy. 

George W. Rich was born in Cobden, Union county, Illinois, on May 
8, 1867. His education was in advance of that of the average country 
youth, his public school training being supplemented by a course in the 
Anna Academy, in which he spent three years devoted to close and care- 
ful study. In 1889 he began teaching school, to which he gave five years 
in all. He was thus employed from 1889 to 1893, when he discontinued 
the work and later, in 1900, he again taught for one year. In 1893, Mr. 



1130 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Rich was elected village marshal of Cobden, and so well did he carry out 
the duties of his position that he was retained in that office for a period of 
eighteen years. In 1884 he engaged in the commission and brokerage 
business, which he carried on until 1909. At that time he eliminated the 
brokerage feature of the business, but is still engaged in the buying and 
selling of country produce. With an eye single to the future, and realiz- 
ing the intrinsic value of the lands lying in the vicinity of Cobden, Mr. 
Rich has gradually acquired a goodly acreage thereabouts. He has four 
hundred and twenty acres of fertile land in the neighborhoods of Wolfe 
Lake, twelve miles west of Cobden, and near to Cobden he has a par- 
ticularly valuable tract of eighty acres. Fifteen acres of this he has 
planted to peaches, and the remainder of the land is devoted to apples 
and the small fruits. Mr. Rich has no political inclinations whatever. 
He is well content to leave the engineering of the political machinery 
to others, and beyond the immediate demands of good citizenship gives 
no attention to affairs of that nature. He is interested in but one fra- 
ternal society, that being the Masonic order, of which he is a member of 
Lodge No. 466, at Cobden. 

On June 22, 1894, Mr. Rich married Mary E. Hardin, daughter of 
L. T. and Elizabeth (Farrell) Hardin, natives of Tennessee, who be- 
came residents of Union county in 1836. Mr. and Mrs. Rich are the 
parents of four children, one living, A Paul, and three others deceased, 
namely, Ryde, Louis and Margaret. 

WARREN E. McCASLiN. A public-spirited and highly esteemed citi- 
zen of Greenville, now serving his sixth year as county clerk of Bond 
county, Warren E. McCaslin comes of pioneer ancestry, and is a fine 
representative of the native-born residents of Southern Illinois, his birth 
having occurred, July 14, 1867, in Bond county. 

His father, the late William G. McCaslin, was born in Bond county, 
Illinois, July 13, 1829, and died in the very house in which he first drew 
the breath of life on February 13, 1907, at the advanced age of seventy- 
eight years. The son of a pioneer farmer, he succeeded to the occupa- 
tion in which he was reared, spending his whole life in agricultural pur- 
suits. He married Mary J. Steele, a daughter of Walker Steele, a well- 
known agriculturist of Bond county, and she still lives on the old home- 
stead. Six sons and five daughters were born of their union, Warren E. 
the subject of this brief personal record, being the seventh child in suc- 
cession of birth. 

Warren E. McCaslin received a practical education in the common 
branches of learning while a boy, while on the home farm he was well 
drilled in the agricultural arts and sciences. Entering upon a profes- 
sional career at the age of twenty years, he taught school two years, 
after which he took a commercial course of study at a business college in 
Danville, Indiana. Returning to Bond county, Mr. McCaslin resumed 
his educational work, teaching in various places, for three years being 
principal of the Mulberry Grove schools. In 1906 he was elected county 
clerk of Bond county, and filled the office with such ability and fidelity 
that at the expiration of his term, in 1910, he was honored by a re-elec- 
tion to the same office without opposition. Politically Mr. McCaslin is a 
straightforward Republican. Religiously he is a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and fraternally he belongs to the Modern Wood- 
men of America ; to the Court of Honor and to the Knights of the Mac- 
cabees. 

Mr. McCaslin married, in 1887. Gussie A. Goad, a daughter of Wil- 
liam M. and Amanda J. Goad, who are now living, retired from agricul- 
tural pursuits, in Greenville. Mr. and Mrs. McCaslin have three daugh- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHEEN ILLINOIS 1131 

ters and an adopted son, namely: Ruby B., wife of Ralph G. Bowden, of 
Collinsville, Illinois; Gladys A., deputy county clerk; Cora Pearl; and 
James Y. 

GEORGE W. ROBERTS. At this juncture in a volume devoted to the 
careers of representative citizens of Southern Illinois it is a pleasure to 
insert a brief history of George W. Roberts, who has ever been on the 
alert to forward all measures and enterprises projected for the good of 
general welfare and who has served his community in various official po- 
sitions of important trust and responsibility. He served twelve years 
as a magistrate of Herrin 's Prairie precinct, in Williamson county, and 
for several years was the efficient incumbent of the office of school treas- 
urer. He devoted the greater part of his active career to agricultural 
pursuits but at the present time, in 1912, is living retired on his fine 
little estate just outside of Herrin. 

George W. Roberts was born in Robertson county, Tennessee, on the 
26th of March, 1838, and he accompanied his parents to Illinois in Sep- 
tember of the following year. He is a son of Ephraim A. Roberts, known 
by his associates in Tennessee as "Young Ephraim," and a native of 
Virginia, where he was born in 1811. In early life Ephraim A. Roberts 
went with his father, Ephraim Roberts, to Tennessee, where he was 
reared on an old plantation worked by slaves. His mother was a Harris 
and she bore her husband a dozen children, but died before all of them 
grew to maturity. 

Ephraim Roberts, Sr., was one of the old-time men of the south. He 
carried on his farm with slave labor, owned and operated a distillery, as 
was customary with men of means in those days, and seems to have been 
a robust figure. He was three times married, but had children only by 
his first wife. Those were : William ; Riley ; Winnie, wife of Calvin 
Holdeman; Ephraim A., father of the subject of this review; "Booker," 
or Pleasant, as he was christened ; Jesse B. ; Polly, who married Caven 
Mason ; Nancy became the wife of Meredith Long, the son of Ephraim 's 
second wife ; Martha became Mrs. Robert Thompson ; Rachael married a 
Mr. Parker; and Elizabeth married her cousin, Jabez Roberts, who 
passed his early married life in Texas and after the war settled in Ar- 
kansas. All the above except Elizabeth, Ephraim and Jabez, passed 
their lives in Tennessee, where the father was called to the life eternal in 
1854, at the age of sixty-eight years. 

Ephraim A. Roberts, Jr., married Miss Mary Williams, a daughter 
of Rev. John Williams, a Baptist minister who died in active religious 
work in Robertson county, Terinessee. Mr. Roberts died not long after 
his advent in Illinois, and subsequently his widow married William Par- 
sons. They had one son, John S. Parsons, a resident of Herrin, Illinois. 
The Roberts children were : Nancy, who died in childhood ; George W., 
the immediate subject of this review ; and Amanda, who married Cap- 
tain David G. Young and went to Dade county, Missouri, where she 
passed away. 

George W. Roberts has always lived in the atmosphere he now 
breathes. No other community has contributed aught to him and his 
efforts have all been put forth here. He acquired enough education as 
a student in subscription schools to enable him to assume the role of 
school-master himself. During his boyhood persons aspiring to teach 
made up their school by going around and "getting up their scholars" 
on a cash basis or other arrangement with the patrons of the district. 
When a teacher came to the home of young Roberts his mother seldom 
had the money with which to pay tuition for her son and if she couldn't 
get in a "pattern of jeans" or -a batch of carded wool or some of the 



1132 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

products of the farm George did not get to go to school. By actual count, 
Mr. Roberts found that he was in school a few days more than fourteen 
months. He knew when he took his first school, before the war, that he 
was not properly equipped for the work but, like many of the teachers 
of that time, he became the hardest student of his classes and eventually 
made himself not only proficient as a teacher but a decided scholar as 
well. 

He moved to a farm adjacent to the east line of Herrin when he mar- 
ried, in 1861, and he continued to reside there for a number of years, 
teaching school during the winter terms. Often, at night, he cut the 
supply of wood for his household while he should be absent and his 
chores about the farm became a matter of "night work" during the 
short days of the year. He continued teaching for a time 'during the 
period of the Civil war and today the evidences of the constant sharp- 
ening of his intellect and the polish of his mother tongue manifest them- 
selves in the syntax of his conversation. Finally abandoning the school- 
room, Mr. Roberts gave his full time to the management of his farm. He 
raised grain and stock and from his profits he added to the extent of his 
dominions until he owned something over five hundred acres of fine land. 
When the mining of coal was begun in this locality overtures were made 
him for a portion of his farm and he parted with some of it in 1895. 
In 1900 he disposed of the remainder of the old estate to the Big Muddy 
Coal & Iron Company. 

For a new home Mr. Roberts bought a small square of land adjacent 
to Herrin on the north and improved the same. Here his wife lived out 
her life and here he is passing the declining years of his life. He was 
married, March 28, 1861, to Annie Herrin, a daughter of Alfred Jack- 
son Herrin, one of the early settlers of Williamson county. Mrs. Roberts 
was born in the vicinity of Herrin and she died in 1901. The union was 
prolific of the following children : William J., who died April 10, 1897 ; 
Ephraim A., who died January 17, 1902 ; George Edgar, who died De- 
cember 16, 1891 ; Ida is the wife of William Fultz and they reside with 
her father; Artemisa passed away unmarried, December 5, 1899; and 
Clara is the wife of Harry Grandstaff, of Carbondale, Illinois. 

Mr. Roberts owns to some partisanship as a Democrat during his vig- 
orous life. He was a close observer of events as a result of neighborly 
antipathies during the war of the Rebellion. His antecedents were in- 
tensely southern and many of his kin were in the Confederate service. 
He remained out of the army out of regard for his convictions and found 
no good reason for reforming his politics during subsequent events. He 
served twelve years as a magistrate of his precinct, for a number of years 
was school treasurer and has ever allied himself with the temperance 
sentiment of. his community. He was chairman of the Temperance 
League a few years back when an anti-saloon campaign was waged and 
when almost the whole county was placed in the "dry column." He 
has been upbraided for his share in thus ' ' driving out the very life of a 
growing town like Herrin ' ' but his conscience is his guide and it has suf- 
fered no punishment as a result of his attitude toward saloons. In early 
life he united with the Methodist Episcopal church but the animosities 
engendered between church people by the issues of the Civil war broke 
up the congregation and he found himself without a church home. Sub- 
sequently he united with the Baptists, his wife having been a devout 
member of that faith, but the Baptismal doctrines of the body were in- 
sisted upon so strongly that, rather than be rebaptized, he asked for a 
rescinding of the vote that had made him a member of the church and 
withdrew. He holds sacred the Christian religion and his life is gov- 
erned by the same precepts that brought consolation to him and his fam- 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1133 

ily in the junior years of his life. He is past master in the time-honored 
Masonic order and has been a delegate to the Grand Lodge of the 
state. Though venerable in years, Mr. Roberts is still erect and he re- 
tains in much of their pristine vigor the splendid physical and mental 
faculties of his prime. He is held in high esteem by his neighbors, and 
the citizens of Herrin love and honor him for his kindliness and true 
gentlemanly spirit. 

PRANK GEORGE KUHLS, M. D. One of the men who has achieved suc- 
cess in his chosen walks of life, almost before the' flush of youth has faded 
from his countenance, and has made his name a representative one in his 
community in the profession of medicine is Prank George Kuhls, who has 
been established in practice at Breese, Illinois, since 1898. Dr. Kuhls is a 
native of this city, and was born August 31, 1876, a son of Prank and 
Gertrude (Miller) Kuhls. 

Prank Kuhls was born in Westphalia, Germany, November 6, 1836, 
and after attending the schools of his native place he began to assist 
his father in working at the carpenter trade. When he had reached the 
age of sixteen years he entered the German army to serve the customary 
three years, and when he had secured his honorable discharge, with the 
rank of lieutenant, he left the Fatherland and came to America, follow- 
ing the trade of cabinet maker for four years in St. Louis, Missouri. He 
came to Breese, Illinois, at a time when there were but three houses here, 
and during the twelve years that followed he continued to work at the 
trade of cabinet maker, at the end of that time selling out to engage in 
business as a carpenter. For the past three years Mr. Kuhls has been 
living a retired life. He is very well known to the older generation of 
business men in Breese, who remember him as a man of excellent busi- 
ness ability and honest and upright business principles. Mr. Kuhls was 
a Republican until the election of President Garfield, at which time he 
joined the ranks of the Democratic party, in which he has been a hard 
and faithful worker, although he has never cared for office for himself., 
He is a faithful member of the Catholic church. On May 3, 1862, Mr. 
Kuhls was married in St. Joseph's church, St. Louis, to Miss Gertrude 
Miller, who was born in Warburg, Germany, and she is still living and 
makes her home in Breese, being seventy-two years of age. They had a 
family of five boys and three girls, Dr. Kuhls being the youngest son. 

Prank George Kuhls spent his boyhood days in Breese, his education 
being secured in the parochial schools, and he also spent one year in St. 
Joseph 's College, Teutopolis, Effingham county. Subsequently he took a 
medical course at Washington University, from which he was graduated 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1898, immediately after which 
he returned to Breese and began practice. Thoroughly abreast of the 
times, Dr. Kuhls is a close student and thinker, and is a subscriber to the 
leading medical journals of the country and holds membership in vari- 
ous medical associations. He specializes in diseases of women and has 
handled some very complicated and discouraging cases with complete 
success. He has an enviable reputation in his profession, and is equally 
favorably known as a business man, having interested himself in the real 
estate field and dealt in considerable property in the vicinity of Breese 
for a number of years. His political support is given to the Democratic 
party, but like his father he has never cared for public preferment. He 
and his wife are well known members of the Catholic church and have 
many friends in its congregation. 

In 1900 Dr. Kuhls was married to Miss Anna Kline, of Carlyle, Clin- 
ton county, Illinois, and five children have been born to this union, 
namely : Viola, Adolph. Angeline, Anna and Louise. 

Vol. Ill 4 



1134 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

DR. WILLIS E. LINGLE, for several years past identified with the medi- 
cal profession in Union county, is the representative of a family which 
has been closely allied with the history of that county since its organiza- 
tion. Born April 23, 1872, he is the son of George W. Lingle, who was 
born in 1850, on the old farmstead in Cobden, Union county, and he still 
lives in Union county. The father of George W. Lingle and the grand- 
father of Willis E. Lingle was Henry Lingle, a native of North Caro- 
lina and a man of German extraction. He came to Union county about 
1820, in company with a number of other homeseekers from the Caro- 
linas. At one time in the early history of that county Henry Lingle 
owned a tract of one hundred and twenty acres of farm land, which 
constitutes the present site of Cobden. When the Illinois Central Rail- 
road passed through that region in 1855, Mr. Lingle sold his entire hold- 
ings to that company, realizing a handsome profit on the transaction, 
after which he moved out seven miles northeast of the present town site 
of Cobden and bought a farm of five hundred acres. Henry Lingle was 
always a man of action. He was a veteran of the Mexican war, winning 
for himself a splendid record during his service. He passed away in 
recent years, but his wife, Elizabeth (Vansel) Lingle, still lives. George 
Lingle, their son, is the owner of a fine farm of one hundred and forty 
acres, ninety acres of which .are a portion of the old Lingle estate. He 
was a prosperous man, ambitious and energetic. He married Amelia C. 
Brooks, a daughter of Larkin Brooks, a native of North Carolina, and who 
operated a planing mill, the only mill of its nature in Union county for 
many years. Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. George Lingle four children 
were born. They are : Willis E., of this review, a practicing physician of 
Cobden ; Fred Lee, of Alto Pass, also a practicing physician ; George Mel- 
vin, who is on the home farm, married Miss Laura Crawshaw, daughter 
of Abe Crawshaw, a well known stock farmer of Jackson county ; the 
daughter is Naomi. 

Dr. Lingle attended school in his home county and at the Normal at 
Carbondale; in 1890 he matriculated in the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, at St. Louis, Missouri, graduating in March, 1894. He began 
practice in Makanda, where he was interested in a drug store, remaining 
there one year. The following two years he practiced at Degonia, Jack- 
son county, and in 1897, came to Cobden. 

On January 29, 1896, Dr. Lingle married Miss Mary Estella Patter- 
son, daughter of Gabriel W. Patterson of Makanda, a prominent mer- 
chant and grain dealer of that place. Two children have been born to 
Dr. and Mrs. Lingle, Leland Patterson and Kathryn. 

WILLIAM HENRY HUBBARD, state's attorney at Greenville, Illinois, and 
one of the members of the legal profession in Southern Illinois, was born 
June 29, 1849, in Castile, Wyoming county, New York, and is a son of 
William Henry and Elvyn Phelps (Wells) Hubbard. 

William Henry Hubbard, the father, was born at Hopewell, Ontario 
county, New York, July 17, 1822, and was reared on the farm of his 
father, Pliny Hubbard, on which he resided until 1861. In that year he 
became general agent for the Hubbard Mowing Machine Company, 
with which he was associated until 1868, and the family then moved to 
Syracuse, New York. A few years later Mr. Hubbard removed to a 
farm eighteen miles from Syracuse, at Pompey. Onondaga county, New 
York, and in 1874 traded this property for a farm and store at Ferry 
in Oceana county, Michigan. In 1879 Mr. Hubbard traded his Michi- 
gan interests for property in South Evanston, Illinois, and during the 
remainder of his life he made his home in South Evanston and Chicago, 
becoming a dealer in real estate and accumulating considerable prop- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1135 

erty. His death occurred October 11, 1899, when he was on a trip to 
Depere, Wisconsin. On June 12, 1846, Mr. Hubbard was Tiarried at 
Webster, New York, to Miss Elvyn Phelps Wells, a direct descendant 
of General Israel Chapin, of Revolutionary fame, and there were five 
children born to this union : Wells Foster, born May 10, 1847 ; William 
Henry, Jr., June 29, 1849 ; Charles P., January 23, 1851 ; Frank L., July 
10, 1855 ; and Nellie Eva, now Mrs. R. W. Hodgson, of Kingman, Kan- 
sas, July 10, 1859. William Henry and Mrs. Hodgson are the only sur- 
vivors. Mrs. Hubbard died October 2, 1904, dying in the faith of the 
Universalist church. Mr. Hubbard was a stanch Democrat in his politi- 
cal views, and a prominent Mason. 

William Henry Hubbard spent his early life in the East, receiving 
his education in the public schools of his native state and commencing 
to read law when he was about twenty years of age. He was admitted 
to the Syracuse bar in 1871, and there was engaged in practice until 
1889. As a lad Mr. Hubbard had learned the printer's trade, and on 
going to Centerville, Michigan, in 1889, he purchased a printing office 
and edited the St. Joseph county Republican, but in 1890 moved the 
plant to Carbondale, Illinois, where he established the Jackson county 
Republican, which was consolidated with the Free Press in 1893, and 
conducted by Mr. Hubbard until 1897. In that year his health failed, 
and in December he went to Seattle, Washington, where he remained un- 
til January, 1904, when he returned to Illinois, settled in Greenville, 
and established himself in a large and lucrative law practice. Mr. Hub- 
bard is a stanch Republican in political matters, and in Oceana county, 
Michigan, served as state's attorney. Shortly after locating in Green- 
ville he was elected justice of the peace, and in November, 1908, he was 
elected to the office of state's attorney of Greenville, an office which he 
has held to the present time. Mr. Hubbard belongs to the Masonic order 
and to the Presbyterian church. 

On June 27, 1867, when not ye't eighteen years of age, Mr. Hubbard 
was married to Miss Imogene Ide, daughter of Darius and Mary Ide, 
of New York, and she died July 30, 1888, in Syracuse, having been the 
mother of two children: Mary Evelyn and Charles W. Mary Evelyn 
was educated in the Southern Illinois Normal School, at Carbondale, 
and is now the wife of Frank E. Watson, of Greenville ; while Charles 
W., who was also a student of the normal school, is engaged in the com- 
mission business in this city. 

Mr. Hubbard has contributed the force of a potent personality and 
consistent civic patriotism to every enterprise which has contemplated 
the upbuilding of his adopted city, and he has always been energetic, 
eager, enthusiastic, broad-minded and ready to do large things in a 
large way. Education, charity and religion have all found a place in 
his heart, and he can truly be said to be one of his community's most 
representative men. 

CARL BAKER, M. D. One of the representative physicians and sur- 
geons of Williamson county, Illinois, Dr. Carl Baker is well upholding 
the prestige of the honored name which he bears. He is descended from 
a fine old North Carolina family, his great-grandfather, Jonathan Baker, 
having been a native of the Old Dominion commonwealth, where the 
Baker family were founded in the colonial epoch. Carl Baker, in his 
professional work, is associated with his father, Dr. Griffin J. Baker, 
who is a native son of Williamson county and who has been engaged in 
the practice of medicine in this section of the state for over thirty-four 
years. Father and son are now located at Herrin, where they control a 



1136 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

large and lucrative practice and where they are esteemed as citizens 
of intrinsic loyalty and public spirit. 

Jonathan Baker, great-grandfather of him whose name initiates this 
review, was a native of North Carolina, whence he removed, with his 
family to Tennessee. Among his children were : George, who died un- 
married; Abel, who passed his declining years in Williamson county, 
Illinois, where he died at the patriarchal age of ninety years; Benja- 
min J., who died at Paragould, Arkansas ; Jonathan Aaron was the 
grandfather of Dr. Carl, of this notice ; Jacob D. is the father of Mar- 
tin Luther Baker, of Marion, Illinois ; Rachel became the wife of Ezekiel 
Clark and passed away in Williamson county ; Ann married Louis Cross 
and died near Chester, Illinois; and Casander became the wife of Wil- 
liam Rodden and passed her life in Missouri. 

Jonathan Aaron Baker was born in Mecklenburg county, North 
Carolina, in 1821, and in 1836 he accompanied his parents to Benton 
county, Tennessee, where he was reared and educated and where was 
solemnized his marriage, in 1847, to Miss Mathilda C. Sanders. In 1850 
he removed to Illinois, settling in Williamson county, where he was 
identified with agricultural pursuits until the time of his death, in 1875. 
His cherished and devoted wife died in 1873. Their children were: 
Alonzo P., a medical practitioner at Herrin ; Dr. Griffin J., father of Dr. 
Carl, of this notice ; Dr. Miles D., of Anna, Illinois ; and Belle and Vir- 
gil, who passed away in childhood. 

Dr. Griffin J. Baker passed his boyhood and youth on the old pa- 
rental farm in Grassy Precinct, Williamson county, where he was born 
May 27, 1851. He made the most of such educational advantages as 
came his way and at the age of seventeen years began to teach a country 
school. He was identified with the pedagogic profession in Williamson 
and Jackson counties for a number of terms, during which time he was 
applying himself diligently to the study of medicine under the able pre- 
ceptorship of an older brother. Subsequently he was matriculated as a 
student in the Missouri Medical College, at St. Louis, in which he was 
graduated as a member of the class of 1878, with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. He initiated the practice of his profession in Southern Wil- 
liamson county, where he remained until 1906, when he came to Herrin 
to practice medicine with his son, Dr. Carl Baker. In 1872 Dr. Griffin 
J. Baker was united in marriage to Miss Lucy A. Allen, a daughter 
of Isaac and Martha J. (Bayless) Allen, originally of Tennessee. Con- 
cerning the five children born to Dr. and Mrs. Baker the following brief 
data are here inserted, Rhoda M. died as Mrs. George L. Roberts, and 
is survived by two sons, Paul and Henry Roberts, who reside with their 
maternal grandparents at Herrin; Dr. Carl is the immediate subject 
of this review ; Ada died at the age of eighteen years, and two children 
died in infancy. 

Dr. Carl Baker was born at Cottage Home, Grassy Precinct of Wil- 
liamson county, Illinois, April 25, 1877. He received his preliminary 
educational training in the public schools of his native place and when 
seventeen years of age entered the preparatory department of the 
Southern Illinois Normal University, at Carbondale. For four years he 
was a student in the medical department of the Northwestern Univer- 
sity at Chicago, being graduated in that excellent institution in 1906. 
Immediately after graduation he went to Salt Lake City, Utah, where 
he performed services as interne at the Salt Lake City Hospital. In 
the following year he came to Herrin, where he has since been associated 
with his venerable father in medical work. Both Dr. Griffin J. and Dr. 
Carl Baker are appreciative and valued members of the Southern Illi- 
nois Medical Society and of the American Medical Association. Dur- 



~" LIBPJBV 
OF THt 
CF L 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1137 

ing the long years in which Dr. Baker, Sr., has been a member of the 
medical profession he has done considerable scientific research work and 
in 1888 he returned to his Alma Mater, the University of Missouri, for 
post-graduate work. His professional career excites the admiration and 
has won the respect of his contemporaries, and in a calling in which one 
has to gain reputation by merit alone he has advanced steadily until he 
is acknowledged as the superior of most of the members of the pro- 
fession in this part of the state, having long since left the ranks of the 
many to stand among the successful few. In their political convic- 
tions Drs. Baker are stanch supporters of the principles and policies for 
which the Republican party stands sponsor and while they have no 
time for participation in public affairs they are ever active in pro- 
moting progress and improvement. 

At Carbondale, Illinois, October 20-, 1902, Dr. Carl Baker married 
Miss Lena Baird, the second child of William and Belle (Church) 
Baird. Mr. Baird was a gallant soldier in the Union ranks during the 
Civil war and after the close of hostilities located at Carbondale. Dr. 
and Mrs. Baker have one daughter, Cecil May. 

FREDERICK G. RAPP. Columbia possesses one of the first requisites 
for success, a public spirited mayor, Frederick G. Rapp, the incumbent 
of that office now serving upon his second term and having made a 
record for efficiency which is indeed pleasant for all concerned. In 
the business world he is known as a particularly successful insurance 
and real estate man, representing some of the most important compa- 
nies. He is also known as an educator and for eighteen years di- 
rected the "young idea" in the public schools of Monroe county. In 
truth, his services were such as to make it a matter of general regret 
when he entered a new line of endeavor. 

Mr. Rapp is a native son of the state and is very loyal to all its in- 
stitutions. He was born in Central City, December 6, 1871, and is of 
German extraction, his father, the Rev. John T. Rapp, having been 
born in 1835 in Germany. At the age of thirty years he came to the 
land of the stars and stripes. He had prepared for the ministry of 
the Evangelical church in his native country and upon coming here he 
located at Nashville, Illinois, and was minister of the Evangelical church 
for the space of five years. He then removed to Central City and 
Centralia. having congregations in both places. He was married to a 
young countrywoman to whom he had been betrothed in Germany, 
Miss Mary Scherbart -his fiancee joining him in Nashville, Illinois, 
where the marriage took place. To their union five children were born, 
Frederick G. being the third in order of birth. Martha, now Mrs. 
Heineman, of St. Louis, and the subject alone survive. Rev. Mr. Rapp 
spent the remainder of his life in Centralia, his demise occurring in 
1876, when Frederick was a lad only five years of age. He was well 
known and very generally respected and his untimely death was a 
matter of deep regret in many quarters. He was a fluent speaker, pos- 
sessing, in truth, the gift of oratory which was exceedingly useful to 
him in his good work. His widow, who still survives, making her 
home in St. Louis, was a second time married, becoming the wife of 
Benjamin Findling, a teacher in the parochial schools of the Evangel- 
ical church. The family subsequently removed from Central City to 
Waterloo where Mr. Findling had been engaged as principal of the 
Evangelical school, and there they resided until 1888, when they went 
to St. Louis, where the step-father had accepted the principalship of 
St. Matthew's school and remained in such capacity until his death, in 
1909. 



1138 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

The earliest childhood of Frederick G. Rapp was passed in Central 
City, the removal to Waterloo, as previously mentioned, having been 
just following his mother's marriage. He was educated in the paro- 
chial and public schools of Monroe county and was graduated from 
the high school at Waterloo in the year 1888. Then removing with 
the family to St. Louis, he became a teacher in St. Mathew's school, of 
which his step-father was principal. He remained in that city until 
1890, when he came to Monroe county and, having successfully passed 
the examination which made him eligible to teach in the public schools, 
embarked in this work and for eighteen consecutive years taught in 
the schools. He was conscientious and enlightened in his methods and 
in this as in all else to which he has put his hand he was successful, 
the community ever congratulating itself upon the possession of in- 
structors of his type. However; in 1908 he severed his connection with 
pedagogical affairs and entered the real estate and insurance business, 
in which he is now engaged. He has built up a large and constantly 
growing business and is district agent for several fire and life insurance 
companies. 

Mr. Rapp entered upon his career in the mayoralty in 1909 and is 
now serving his second term. He has given the town a clean, strong 
administration and has done much towards bringing about a number 
of things conducing to the general welfare. He was, for instance, in- 
strumental in securing the electric line from St. Louis to Waterloo, and 
he is in all things thoroughly progressive. He is a thirty-second degree 
Mason and is also affiliated with the Modern Woodmen of America and 
the Eastern Star. He is very loyal to the best interests of Columbia ; 
he purchased the land upon which is located the waterworks and electric 
light plant ; he is busy with plans for an extensive waterworks and sewer- 
age system, and is very proud of the fact that Columbia has the finest 
streets and sidewalks in Monroe county. In addition to his other public 
services he is also secretary of the school board. He is indeed one of 
the most prominent of Columbia's residents and assuredly is one of its 
most valuable citizens. 

Mr. Rapp laid the foundations of a happy household and congenial 
life companionship when, on April 26, 1896, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Lydia Snyder, daughter of H. Snyder, of this place. They share 
their delightful home with two children, Viola and Walter. Mr. Rapp 
is Republican in politics, having given his support to the "Grand Old 
Party" since his earliest voting days. 

ROBERT K. DEWEY. Having the distinction of being one of the old- 
est continuous residents of Greenville, Robert K. Dewey has been an 
important factor in stimulating the growth and prosperity of the city, 
and a brief review of his long and useful life cannot fail to be of in- 
terest to the people of this section of Southern Illinois, and we are 
therefore pleased to place before the readers of this volume an out- 
line of the chief events of his active career. Coming from honored New 
England ancestry, he was born August 25, 1830, in Lenox. Massachu- 
setts, one of the most beautiful spots in the Berkshire hills, where Dame 
Nature fashioned scenery exquisite in its variety and marvellous in its 
quiet beauty. 

His father, Oliver Dewey, whose birth occurred in the same town, 
July 24, 1805, was brought up on a farm, and as a boy and youth at- 
tended the public schools and the Lenox Academy. An excellent 
scholar, he prepared for college, but on account of delicate health did 
not matriculate. Soon after attaining his majority he was oppointed 
deputy sheriff, an office which he filled for the next twenty-five years. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1139 

Coming then with his family to Illinois, he took up land in Aurora, 
Kane county, and was there engaged in general farming for a long 
time. On retiring from active pursuits he came to Greenville, and sub- 
sequently lived with his son Robert during his remaining years, pass- 
ing away March 4, 1901. In June, 1829, he was united in marriage 
with Eliza Sabin, a native of Berkshire county, Massachusetts, her 
birth there occurring on June 4, 1907. She died in Sandwich, De Kalb 
county, Illinois, December 23, 1886. They were both devoted members 
of the Congregational church, and in politics he was a steadfast Repub- 
lican. Six children were born of their union, as follows : Robert K., 
the special subject of this sketch; Edmund S., deceased; Hannah J., 
wife of C. H. Sabin; Oliver B., deceased; Charles A.; and Myra E., 
wife of Andrew Beveredge. 

Spending the first twenty years of his life in the Berkshires, Robert 
K. Dewey obtained the rudiments of his education in the public schools 
of Lenox, and subsequently continued his studies in the old academy in 
which his father had previously been a pupil. Coming to Illinois in 
1851, he taught school in Troy, Madison county, for a time, and in 1854 
located permanently in Greenville, Bond county, which has since been 
his home. Taking up surveying, a profession in which he was an ex- 
pert, Mr. Dewey followed it many years, and superintended the laying 
out of almost all of the town site of Greenville. He served as county 
surveyor many terms, and still does much surveying in this section of 
the country. 

In 1861 Mr. Dewey offered his services to his country, but was de- 
nied enlistment on account of sickness. He enlisted, however, in 1864 as 
quartermaster sergeant of the One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry. His brother, the late Edmund S. Dewey, served 
during the war as captain of a company belonging to the One Hun- 
dred and Thirtieth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, while his brother Oliver 
was a private in the Tenth Illinois Cavalry. His other brother, Charles 
A. Dewey, tried to enlist, but was rejected, as the forefinger of his right 
hand was missing. 

Returning to Greenville at the close of the war, Mr. Dewey con- 
tinued as a surveyor until 1871, when he accepted the position of book- 
keeper in the First National Bank of Greenville, and retained it for ten 
years. Being made county surveyor in 1884, he held the office continu- 
ously until the last election, in 1908, when he refused to run again. 
Since that time Mr. Dewey has been actively engaged in the real es- 
tate and insurance business, and also does considerable surveying. 

A prominent and active member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, Mr. Dewey has belonged to this organization for over three 
score years, and has the distinction of being the oldest Odd Fellow in 
Southern Illinois. A zealous worker in the efforts to advance the good 
of the order, he has held the highest office of the order in the state, in 
1872 having served as grand patriarch. He is also a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, in which he has held all of the offices. 
Politically he is an active supporter of the principles of the Republi- 
can party, and religiously, true to the faith of his ancestors, he is a 
Congregationalist, 

JAMES HARLEY ALLIO. Possessing much legal talent and ability, and 
well versed in the intricacies of the law, James Harley Allio has served 
several years as city attorney of Greenville, and is also master of chan- 
cery for Bond county. A native of Pennsylvania, he was born May 5, 
1871, in Clarion county, which was also the birthplace of his father, 
the late Levi Allio. 



1140 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

A son of John Allio, Levi Allio's birth occurred on the home farm 
December 17, 1849. Succeeding to the occupation in which he was 
reared, he was engaged in tilling the soil in the Keystone state until 
1879, when he located on a farm in the eastern part of Bond county, 
Illinois. In 1900 he migrated to Mississippi, and was there a resident 
until his death, September 25, 1911. He was a steadfast Republican in 
politics and a member of the Christian church. He married, in 1869, 
Aurilla Cornish, a daughter of Henry and Susan Cornish, prosperous 
members of the farming community of Clarion county, Pennsylvania, 
and to them seven children were born, of whom James Harley is the 
eldest child. The mother is still living in Mississippi. 

Having laid an excellent foundation for his future education- in 
the rural schools of Bond county, James Harley Allio subsequently at- 
tended Effingham College, in Effingham, Illinois, and Greenville Col- 
lege, in Greenville, Illinois. He afterwards took a post graduate course 
in law at Bushnell College, there receiving the degree of LL. B. In 
Mount Vernon, Illinois, in 1897, he was admitted to the bar, and at once 
resumed his labors as a teacher, a profession which he had previously 
followed in Bond county for eleven years. Opening an office at Green- 
ville in 1903, Mr. Allio has since been here successfully engaged in the 
practice of law, at the present time, as previously mentioned, serving 
as city attorney and as master in chancery. He is likewise carrying on 
a successful work in the loan, real estate and abstract business, having 
a large patronage in each. 

In March, 1908, Mr. Allio was united in marriage with Bertha 
Walker, a daughter of Cyrus and Sarah D. Walker, of Mulberry Grove, 
where Mr. Walker is a prosperous farmer and stock grower. Two chil- 
dren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Allio, Joseph H. Allio and Grace 
Esther Allio. Politically Mr. Allio is a zealous worker in the Republi- 
can ranks, and fraternally he is a' member of the Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Order of Masons ; of the Court of Honor ; and of the Knights of 
the Maccabees. He also belongs to the American Insurance Association. 
Religiously bolh Mr. and Mrs. Allio are trustworthy members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

WALTER J. CASPER. Many of the more progressive farmers of 
Southern Illinois are specializing in their work, realizing that there is 
more money in this method than in merely carrying on general farm- 
ing, and one who has demonstrated the practicability of his ideas is 
Walter J. Casper, who owns one of the finest tracts of land in John- 
son county, located near New Burnside, and whose specialty has been 
the growing of fruit. Mr. Casper was eminently fitted in his youth to 
carry on his present vocation, his father, a half century ago, having 
laid the foundations for the present great fruit industry of the Prairie 
state. Walter J. Casper was born September 23, 1850, on a farm near 
Anna, Union county, Illinois, and is a son of Peter H. and Elizabeth A. 
(Henderson) Casper. 

Peter Casper, the grandfather of Walter J., was born in Rowan 
county, North Carolina, of German ancestry, and was one of the first 
pioneer settlers of Union county, coming to this section during the 
early twenties, when this part of the country was a vast wilderness. 
He had been married in his native state to a Miss Fullenwider, and 
brought his family to a little log cabin, around which he made a clear- 
ing, and here engaged in agricultural pursuits during the remainder of 
his life. He and his wife had a family of four sons and three daugh- 
ters, namely: Caleb, Stephen, Henry, Peter H., Mrs. Elinor Miller, 
Mrs. Katherine Miller and Mrs. Esther Davis. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1141 

Peter H. Casper was born on the wilderness farm in Union county, 
in 1823, and there grew to manhood. At the outbreak of the Mexican 
war he enlisted in the United States army, under Colonel Bissell, and 
served throughout that struggle, after which he returned to Union 
county and secured two tracts of land from the Government, to which 
he later added from time to time until he owned six hundred acres of 
tillable land. In 1846 or 1847 he was married to Elizabeth A. Hender- 
son, and they had a family of ten children, of whom seven grew to ma- 
turity, namely: Walter J. ; Mrs. America Josephine Yost, of Danville, 
Illinois ; Stephen Douglass, residing in Anna ; Mrs. Addie Laura Appell, 
living at the old homestead in Anna ; Lincoln L., who resides on a farm 
in Union county ; John R., a hospital attendant at "Watertown, Illinois ; 
and Oscar H., living at Anna. The father of these children died Oc- 
tober 12, 1878, and his widow survived him until October, 1893, when 
she passed away. Mr. Casper was the pioneer orchardist of Union 
county, and in the face of the ridicule of his neighbors, who were con- 
tent to farm along in the old way, planted five hundred trees, demon- 
strating by his success that Illinois was an ideal spot for the growing 
of fruit. Always an active citizen and great patriot, during the Civil 
war Mr. Casper assisted the United States marshal in many ways, be- 
ing especially active in preserving order and raising troops, although, 
owing to an infirm limb, his enlistment was barred. The respect and 
esteem in which he was universally held proved his worth to his com- 
munity, and in his death Union county lost one of its able agriculturists 
and public-spirited citizens. 

Walter J. Casper received his education in the district schools in 
the vicinity of his father's farm and the Anna high school, and con- 
tinued to work with his father until he was twenty-one years old. Dur- 
ing the next three years he was engaged in the mercantile business, and 
ran a confectionery store and news stand at Vienna and Anna, but 
eventually returned to the farm, where he continued until January 15, 
1879. He had previously, in 1878, bought a small farm of six acres, on 
which was a little house and barn, and at the time of his father's death 
he received forty-seven acres from the estate. This land he sold in 1888, 
and November 13th of that year came to New Burnside and purchased 
one hundred and twenty acres of land, only partially cleared at that 
time, but which is now in a high state of cultivation, and on which are 
situated a fine residence and large barns and outbuildings. Since that 
time he has bought more land, but after improving it has disposed of it, 
and he now owns the original tract. On first locating here he immedi- 
ately began planting fruit trees, starting with apples and peaches, and 
he was so successful with the former that he has continued with them 
until he now has fifty solid acres of apple trees just coming into bearing. 
His orchard contains four thousand trees in all, and he has about sixty 
varieties of apples, thirty-five varieties being displayed by him at the 
Horticultural Exhibit at Anna in 1911. He has more varieties than any 
other grower in Southern Illinois, and is an experimenter and pro- 
ficient horticulturist. A frequent exhibitor at horticultural fairs, he 
has secured many prizes for the excellence of his fruit, and is one of 
the leading members of the Illinois State Horticultural Society. Years 
of careful study in his business have made Mr. Casper an absolute au- 
thority on fruit culture, and his advice is constantly being sought on 
matters of this nature. 

On January 15, 1879, Mr. Casper was united in marriage with Miss 
Marie C. Miles, daughter of William T. and Fyla (Marshall) Miles, 
natives of New York state, who emigrated to Cobden, Union county, Illi- 
nois, in 1867, and the former of whom died in 1881, while the latter still 



1142 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

survives. Mr. and Mrs. Miles had three children : Cyrus A., who died in 
1887 ; Arthur 0., who makes his home at New Burnside ; and Marie C. 
Mrs. Casper was educated in the Southern Illinois State Normal Uni- 
versity, at Carboudale, and taught the graded schools of Cobden, Anna 
and Jonesboro, in Union county, for five years. She and her husband 
have had three children: Norman Walter, Roscoe (who died in infancy), 
and Ivo Marie. 

JAMES FINIS JOHNSTON. A prosperous business man and prominent 
citizen of Greenville, James F. Johnston is now rendering appreciated 
service as circuit clerk of Bond county, and is widely known in indus- 
trial, fraternal and social circles. He was born February 20, 1879, in 
Miltonvale, Kansas, where his boyhood days were spent. His father, 
William H. Johnston, was born in Bond county, Illinois, in 1843, of 
pioneer stock, and grew to man's estate on his father's farm. At the out- 
break of the Civil war he enlisted in the Union army for a period of 
ninety days, and was commissioned second lieutenant of his company. 
Locating in Cloud county, Kansas, after the war, he was busily engaged 
in farming, stock raising and as a general merchant until his death, in 
1888, when but forty-five years of age. He was a man of great intelli- 
gence and excellent business capacity, and took much interest in the af- 
fairs of the community in which he resided. He was a Republican in 
politics ; a member of the Grand Army of the Republic ; and belonged to 
the Cumberland Presbyterian church, to which his widow, now a resi- 
dent of Mulberry Grove, Illinois, belongs. He married, in 1866, Leonora 
Emeline Reeves, of Bond county, Illinois, and of the seven children 
born of their union five are now living, James F. being the youngest 
child. 

Living in Kansas until eleven years old, James F. Johnston obtained 
his first knowledge of books in the rural . schools of Miltonvale, and 
after returning to Illinois he continued his studies in the public schools 
of Bond county, later taking a course in the commercial department of 
Greenville College. Thus equipped, he began his active career as book- 
keeper for the Smithboro Mine, holding the position until the follow- 
ing year, when the mine suspended operations. He subsequently clerked 
three years for the McLain and Cable Grocery Company, and was after- 
wards similarly employed in the clothing department of the store owned 
by Weise & Bradford. In 1905 Mr. Johnston was elected city clerk 
of Greenville, and in 1907 was re-elected to the same office. From 1906 
until 1909 he carried on a substantial business as junior member of the 
firm of Mitchell & Johnston, real estate dealers, the partnership being 
dissolved when Mr. Johnston assumed the office of circuit clerk of Bond 
county, to which he was elected, by the Republican party, in the fall 
of 1908, and in which he has since served with credit to himself and to 
the honor of his constituents. Mr. Johnston is secretary and treasurer 
of the Cyclone Hose Company, also secretary and treasurer of the Old 
Settlers' Association of Bond county, and is actively interested in the 
real estate and insurance business, in addition to which he makes a spe- 
cialty of loaning money. 

Mr. Johnston married, in 1900, Georgia N. Ferryman, a daughter of 
George and Alice Ferryman, her father being editor of the Greenville 
Item. Four children have been born of the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Johnston, namely : William Carl, Floyd Ferryman, Margaret Elizabeth 
(who died in childhood), and Alice Leonora. 

Mr. Johnston is an active member of the Republican party, and both 
he and his wife are members of the Christian church. Fraternally Mr. 
Johnston is a member of Greenville Lodge, No. 245, Ancient Free and 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1143 

Accepted Order of Masons ; of Clark Lodge, No. 3, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows; and of Browning Lodge, Knights of Pythias. He is an 
enthusiastic lodge worker, and at different times has served as a dele- 
gate to the Grand Lodges of his Orders. 

WILLIAM H. FORD, M. D. If those who claim that fortune has fa- 
vored certain individuals above others will but investigate the cause of 
success and failure it will be found that the former is largely due to 
the improvement of opportunity, the latter to the neglect of it. For- 
tunate environments encompass nearly every man at some stage of his 
career, but the strong man and the successful man is he who realizes that 
proper moment has come, that the present and not the future holds his 
opportunity. The man who makes use of the Now and not the To Be 
is the one who passes on the highway of life others who started out 
ahead of him, and reaches the goal of prosperity in advance of them. 
It is this quality that has made William H. Ford a leader in the busi- 
ness world at Herrin, where he has gained distinctive prestige as a 
real-estate man and as a booster of the town. 

Dr. Ford was born in Jackson county, Illinois, the date of his na- 
tivity being the 10th of March, 1878. He is a son of the late Wiley N. 
Ford, who passed away in Herrin, May 3, 1909. Jesse Ford, grand- 
father of the Doctor, was a native of Pennsylvania, whence he came to 
Southern Illinois as a pioneer settler. He located in Jackson county 
and for a number of years prior to his demise was a prominent mer- 
chant at Carbondale. Jesse Ford was twice married, his first wife hav* 
ing been a Miss Greathouse. She died, the mother of Wiley N. and 
William, the former the father of Dr. Ford and the latter a farmer in 
Williamson county, Illinois. Mr. Ford's second wife was Miss Brandon. 
They had no children. 

Wiley N. Ford was born near Carbondale, Illinois, in 1853, and as a 
youth he attended the district schools of his native place. After reach- 
ing years of maturity he was for a time engaged in farming and stock- 
raising but later became interested in the real-estate business, the scene 
of his operations in that connection being in Williamson county. He 
platted and sold the town of Fordville, an incorporated village of some 
seven hundred inhabitants, the same covering a tract of two hundred 
acres of land. With the passage of time his interests in the vicinity of 
Herrin became considerable and he laid off and sold several "out lots" 
to the city. He bought and sold property of every description and was 
an aid in the organization of the City National Bank of Herrin, being a 
member of its board of directors at the time of his death. In politics 
he was a Democrat and served his party simply as a counselor. He was 
averse to public office for himself, held aloof from all fraternities and 
life insurance companies and owned allegiance to no church or creed. 
He was married, in Jackson county, Illinois, to Miss Amanda Phemister, 
a daughter of Henry and Margaret (Tygett) Phemister. Mrs. Ford 
was born in Jackson county, in 1859, and she had three sisters, namely, 
Mary, who died as the wife of John Borne ; Ettie, who is the wife of 
William Rushing, of Jackson county, Illinois; and Martha, widow of 
Albert Presson, of Osage, Oklahoma. Mr. and Mrs. Wiley N. Ford be- 
came the parents of two children, Dr. William H., of this notice ; and 
Roy Ford, a farmer near Herrin, who married Cora Tilson at Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, while he was a college student in that place. 

In the public schools of Jckson county Dr. William H. Ford re- 
ceived his rudimentary educational training and later he supplemented 
that, discipline by a course of study in the Southern Illinois Normal Uni- 
versity, at Carbondale. As a young man he decided upon medicine as his 



1144 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

profession and in 1894 was matriculated as a student in the St. Louis 
Medical College, in which he was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1898, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Immediately after 
leaving college he came to Herrin, where he was engaged in the active 
practice of his profession for a number of years. The press of business 
matters consequent upon the substantial investment of both his father 
and himself made such demands upon his time, however, that he finally 
gave up his profession and joined his father in the varied phases of 
town building and urban development generally. For the past seven 
years he has been interested in the real-estate business. As a young 
doctor he became a valued member of the Southern Illinois, the Tri- 
State and the American Medical Associations and although now out of 
practice he still keeps in touch with matters pertaining to the advance 
of medical science and professional doings. 

In connection with his real-estate interests at Herrin, Dr. Ford was 
originally associated with his father, they having laid off the Ford and 
Stotlar additions to this city. He was also interested in the Fordville 
enterprise, mentioned above. The Doctor has manifested his faith in 
Herrin by erecting a substantial business block here and by putting up 
a number of cottages throughout the residence district. It is probable 
that through his real-estate dealings he has added more to the city's 
development and improvement during the few short years he has been 
a resident of this place than any other man in Herrin. He became a 
stockholder in the City National Bank at the time of its inception and 
is a member of the board of directors of both it and the Herrin State & 
Savings Bank. In politics he is a Democrat and his fraternal affiliations 
are with the Masons, the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. 

On January 10, 1900, Dr. Ford married Miss Nora Stotlar, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Louisa (Cox) Stotlar, pioneers of Williamson 
county. Mrs. Stotlar died in 1900, and her husband died March 8, 
1912. Dr. and Mrs. Ford have one daughter, Louane, whose birth oc- 
curred October 5, 1908. 

JOSEPH MARION BROWN. A man of good financial ability and of strict 
integrity, Joseph Marion Brown, of Greenville, county treasurer of Bond 
county, is filling the responsible position to which he has been chosen to 
the eminent satisfaction of all concerned, and enjoys the confidence 
and esteem of his fellowmen to a high degree. He was born March 26, 
1868, in Bond county, on the same homestead farm that his father, the 
late Robert Brown, spent his entire life. 

A son of Wilson Brown, Robert Brown was born in 1834, and died 
on the home farm, which became his by inheritance, in 1874, while yet 
in the prime of a vigorous manhood. He married Mary Ann Moore, 
who was born in Bond county, Illinois, where her father, Joseph 
Moore located when coming to this state from Tennessee. Of their 
union seven children were born, Joseph M. being the fifth child in suc- 
cession of birth. The mother is now living in Greenville with her son 
Joseph. The father was a sturdy adherent of the Democratic party, 
and belonged to the Christian church. 

Brought up on the old homestead, Joseph M. Brown received a 
practical education in the common schools, and during all of his earlier 
life was successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits, living and labor- 
ing on the old home farm. An active and enthusiastic worker in 
political fields, Mr. Brown is a recognized leader in Democratic ranks, 
and has never shirked the responsibilities connected with public office. 
In 1898 he was the Democratic candidate for sheriff of Bond county, 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1145 

but made an unsuccessful run, being defeated at the polls by only one 
hundred and twenty-six votes. In 1905 he was elected to the same 
office, and served as sheriff of the county for four years. He was then 
elected county treasurer, and is serving in that capacity with ability 
and fidelity. 

Mr. Brown married, in 1898, Emaline Jane Rogers, of Bond county, 
and they are the parents of two children, Marion Robert and William 
Joseph. Fraternally Mr. Brown is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and religiously he belongs to the Baptist church. 

JOHN SWEITZER. Given the history of any representative county or 
community, the careful observer can not fail to find manifold instances 
of men who have made judicious use of their every opportunity, be- 
ginning life with a good head and a strong pair of hands as their chief 
assets, and who have in middle age attained to that place in life where 
they are independent beings in the largest meaning of the phrase, all 
as a result of their own well directed, honest and whole-hearted en- 
deavors. John Sweitzer is the specific illustration of the truth of the 
above statement. His life in Cobden has been a model of industry, and. 
his attainments worthy of emulation. As an orchardist and general 
farmer he ranks high among the producers of his locality, and has done 
much to establish this particular section of Union county in popular 
esteem as a fruit producing community. 

John Sweitzer was born July 17, 1844, in Baden, Germany. He 
was the son of John and Theresa (Witz) Sweitzer. When he was but 
four years of age his father died, and the mother had the full care of 
her little brood of five children, of which John Sweitzer was the young- 
est. The others were named Barbara, Mamie, Sebastian and Frank. 
John Sweitzer was educated in Germany. His schooling was limited, 
owing to the circumstances, and when he was twenty years of age he 
and his brother Frank emigrated to America. They came direct to 
Cincinnati and located there, where they lived for some little time. 
Frank Sweitzer had paid a previous visit to America, being here at the 
breaking out of the Civil war, and he enlisted and served during the 
war. Following that he lived for a time in Cobden, Illinois, and then 
returned to Germany, being accompanied by his brother John on his 
return trip, as mentioned above. Leaving Cincinnati, they came direct 
to Cobden, where Frank Sweitzer had established a home and family. 
For some time John Sweitzer worked at Anna, Illinois, in the lime-kilns. 
Then he entered the employ of James Bell, an extensive fruit grower of 
Cobden, and, the work appealing to him, he remained in that berth for 
sixteen and a half years. 

In 1882, at the close of his period of service with James Bell, he was 
able to purchase with his savings ninety acres of fertile land in Cobden 
vicinity. His long and faithful labors with Mr. Bell had thoroughly 
trained him in the mysteries of fruit growing, and when he entered busi- 
ness on his own responsibility he was relieved of the necessity of under- 
going the experimental stage, and from the inception of the business his 
affairs prospered. He has added to his original holdings until now he 
is the owner of one hundred and seventy-eight acres of valuable fruit 
land, has a handsome residence and good, commodious farm buildings. 
In 1911 he shipped from a twelve acre apple orchard seven hundred 
bushels of apples. From his six acres of peaches the crop was light, 
netting only about two hundred bushels. He also shipped about the 
same quantity of pears. From a seven acre field of sweet potatoes he 
shipped one thousand bushels. His six acre field of asparagus yielded 
eighteen hundred boxes, and he sold about five hundred bushels of 



1146 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

rhubarb. In addition to his fruit growing Mr. Sweitzer lias delved into 
general farming, and is a producer of considerable hay and wheat. He 
has on his place seventeen head of cattle, eight horses and thirty-five tine 
hogs, and is also the owner of two business blocks in Cobden, one the 
post office building and a store building. 

Mr. Sweitzer has been twice married. In 1870 he married Miss 
Mamie E. Caising, who passed away in 1874, leaving him three sons; 
Edward, Harry and Fred. His second marriage occurred in 1879, when 
he was united with Annie Bigler, a daughter of Joseph Bigler, a native 
of Switzerland. She has borne him eight sturdy children, all of whom 
are graduates of the Cobden high school. They are named as follows: 
Joseph, Annie, John, Mary, Josie, Charles, Frances and Emma. Mr. 
Sweitzer is the grandfather of eighteen children. 

JONATHAN SEAMAN. Occupying a conspicuous position among the 
highly respected citizens of Greenville, Jonathan Seaman is numbered 
among the sound business men who are contributing so much toward the 
city 's reputation as a desirable place of residence, both in a social and a 
financial point of view. A native of Bond county, he was born October 
5, 1851, near Greenville, where his father, the late Jonathan Seaman, 
Sr., settled on coming to Illinois to live. 

His grandfather, Jonah Seaman, resided in Frederick county, Vir- 
ginia, which was a slave state. He was not a slave owner, and as he had 
very decided views on the slave question, being, in fact, a "black aboli- 
tionist, ' ' he moved with his family to Ohio in the very early part of the 
eighteenth century, and there reared his sons to a sturdy manhood. 

Born in Frederick county, Virginia, January 22, 1799, Jonathan 
Seaman, Sr., was a young man when his parents migrated to Ohio, where 
he assisted his father in clearing and improving a farm. In March, 
1851, accompanied by his wife and children, he came to Illinois, locating 
in Bond county in September of that year. Taking up land lying two 
miles east of Greenville, in Hall's Grove, on the homestead which he 
improved, he spent his remaining days, passing away January 13, 1868. 
He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and having in- 
herited to a marked degree the political views of his father, was opposed 
to slavery in any form, and was a stanch and loyal member of the Repub- 
lican party from the time of its formation. He was twice married. He 
married first, when about twenty-four years old, in Xenia, Ohio, Sarah 
E. Smith, who died in 1846, leaving nine children. He married in 1848 
Mary N. Miller, a daughter of Thomas and Jane Miller, of Ohio, where 
her father was a cabinet maker for many years. She survived him four 
years, her death occurring September 30, 1872. Five children were born 
of his second marriage, of whom Jonathan, the subject of this sketch, was 
the second child, and one of these five children is deceased. 

Brought up on the home farm, Jonathan Seaman attended the dis- 
trict schools of Hall 's Grove, and was there actively engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits for many years. About a month after the death of his 
first wife who was Mary E. Owen, of Wilmot, Wisconsin, where they 
were married December 15, 1874. She died September 22, 1880, and 
the one child by this marriage, Albert Owen Seaman, is Captain of the 
Fifteenth Infantry, U. S. A. Mr. Seaman, on October 23, 1880, moved 
to Greenville, and for a year was engaged in the drug business with his 
brother, George W. Seaman. Buying out the mercantile interests of 
Ellhart & Guller in February, 1882, Mr. Seaman has since carried on an 
extensive and profitable business as a hardware merchant, having a wide 
trade in Greenville and vicinity. He is one of the directors of the 
Bradford State Bank, and likewise of the Greenville Public Library. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1147 

Mr. Seaman married, in 1883, Jennie H. Hull, a daughter of John 
Hull, of Bond county, and they have one child, J. Ralph Seaman. Iden- 
tified in politics with the Prohibition party, Mr. Seaman has taken a 
prominent part in the management of municipal affairs, having served 
the city as mayor four years ; as alderman six, years ; and having been a 
school director many terms. He is a valued member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and is now serving as president of its Board of Trus- 
tees. Fraternally Mr. Seaman is a member of the Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Order of Masons and of the Knights of Pythias. 

PATRICK S. McCANN. A citizen of note and a business man of promi- 
nence and influence at Herrin, Illinois, is Patrick S. McCann, who is 
president of the McCann Construction Company, one of the contracting 
concerns of Southern Illinois. Mr. McCann is also extensively interested 
in real estate at Herrin, and the splendid business blocks erected by him 
in this place have added stability and permanency to the city. 

In the city of St. Louis, Missouri, December 13, 1865, occurred the 
birth of Patrick S. McCann, who is a son of James McCann, now a re- 
tired citizen of Jackson county, Illinois. James McCann was born in 
County Cavan, Ireland, in 1830. In 1852, as a young man, he came to 
America, working at his trade of bricklaying first in New York city and 
later in Philadelphia. About the year 1855 he migrated west and settled 
at Dubuque, Iowa, where he joined a party of his countrymen in buying 
up an area of land under the "bit act" and where he continued to re- 
side until the outbreak of the Civil war. In 1861 he went to St. Louis, 
there engaging in the retail fuel business, his stock consisting of coal and 
wood. With the passage of time he developed an extensive business in 
St. Louis, where he had several yards, which he conducted until late in 
the '70s. In 1872 he came into Illinois and purchased a tract of timber, 
the beechwood of which he proceeded to manufacture into charcoal. In 
those days charcoal was used extensively in the rectifying or filtering of 
whiskey at the distilleries and that market opened up a good industry for 
Mr. McCann at Grand Tower. His charcoal was ground and sacked and 
then shipped in five-bushel bags to points on the Mississippi river between 
St. Louis and New Orleans. Eventually a cheaper method of handling 
the crude whiskey was introduced and then Mr. McCann turned his at- 
tention to the clearing and developing of his land in Jackson county. 
At this point his several sons rendered him valuable service as farmers 
and it was not until they had reached their majorities and gone out into 
other fields of endeavor that the father gave up farming, too, finally re- 
tiring to live upon his competency. 

James McCann was married at St. Louis during the Civil war, the 
maiden name of his wife having been Bridget Harigan. Mrs. McCann 
was born and reared in Ireland, in County Tipperary, whence she came 
to America, She was called to eternal rest December 26, 1909, and is sur- 
vived by the following children, Patrick S., the immediate subject of 
this review ; James, Jr., a member of the McCann Construction Company ; 
Maggie, the wife of "William Hickey, of East St. Louis ; Charles, also a 
member of the McCann Construction Company, and runs a livery and 
sales stable at Murphysboro, Illinois; Mollie is Mrs. Frank Raddle, of 
Murphysboro ; and Robert is likewise connected with the McCann Con- 
struction Company. 

Patrick S. McCann was a child of seven years of age at the time of 
his parents' removal to Jackson county, Illinois, where he passed his boy- 
hood and youth and where he received his early educational training. At 
the age of twenty -one years he left his father's farm and became a fire- 
man of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad out of Murphysboro. He remained 



1148 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

in the railroad service for the following two years, at the expiration of 
which he formed a little partnership with his brothers to take a contract 
from the government for getting out piling and riprap stuff for repairing 
the banks of the Mississippi river. ' The brothers followed this work for 
the ensuing nine years and eventually drifted into railroad contract work. 
The first real contract taken by "McCann Brothers" comprised a piece 
of grading for the Cotton Belt line at Gray's Point, Missouri. They also 
contracted for the foundation work for the round house and the excava- 
tion for the ash pit there. Since accepting their first contract, in 1899, 
they have done work for the Frisco, the Illinois Central, the Iron Moun- 
tain, the Chicago & Eastern Illinois and the Coal Belt Electric railroads, 
in addition to which they have also done a great deal of grading for 
mining companies in this section of Illinois. At the present time, in 1912, 
they are completing a contract for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railway Company into the coal field between Marion and Herrin. 

Early in the history of Herrin Mr. McCann and his brothers became 
owners of real estate in the new town. After the destructive fire they im- 
proved their property with splendid new brick houses, some of which face 
on Park avenue and Washington street. 

In his political relations Mr. McCann is a Republican. "While a resi- 
dent of Grand Tower he served that place as a member of the board of 
aldermen, and since coming to Herrin he has served with the utmost effi- 
ciency on the board of health. In a fraternal way he is affiliated with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and with the Knights of Colum- 
bus. In their religious faith he and his wife are devout communicants of 
the Catholic church, in the various departments of whose work they are 
most zealous factors. 

At Bloomington, Indiana, April 26, 1904, Mr. McCann was united in 
marriage to Miss Ella Kerr, a daughter of Patrick Kerr, of Irish birth. 
The wedding occurred the day before the formal opening of the St. Louis 
Exposition and Mr. and Mrs. McCann attended that event. When Presi- 
dent Roosevelt let loose the fastenings that held "Old Glory" as a signal 
that the exposition was open to the world, Mr. McCann was standing 
where its folds enveloped him and where the real spirit of the occasion 
was centered. Mr. and Mrs. McCann have two children, Catherine and 
Ella. 

THOMAS M. LOGAN. It is a generally accepted truism that no man 
of genius or acknowledged ability can be justly or adequately judged 
on the morrow of his death, chiefly because time is needed to ripen the 
estimate upon work which can only be viewed on all sides in the calm 
atmosphere of a more or less remote period from its completion. This 
remark is in no sense inappropriate in the case of the late Thomas M. 
Logan, who occupies a conspicuous place in the history of Jackson 
county. No man in the community had warmer friends than he, or 
was more generally esteemed. He was a man of refined manners, of 
consummate business ability, one who achieved eminent success in his 
affairs. Mr. Logan was born August 1, 1828, a son of Dr. John and 
Elizabeth Logan, and a brother of the famous soldier and statesman, 
General John A. Logan, one of Illinois' most honored sons. 

Mr. Logan's grandfather, John Logan, brought the family to the 
United States from Ireland, and for four years Dr. John Logan studied 
medicine in the South, his first field of practice being in Perry county, 
Missouri. In 1824 he located at Brownsville, then the county seat of 
Jackson county, Illinois. He married Mary Barcune, of Cape Gir- 
ardeau county. Her father kept a store at the mouth of Apple Creek 
and sent his daughter away to a French and English school, so she was 



1 




OF HI 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1149 

well educated and she was also a handsome woman. She was the widow 
of one Lorimer, and one child was born, Louisa. The mother died, and 
several years later Mr. Logan moved to Illinois, and here he married 
for his second wife Elizabeth Jenkins, a native of North Carolina, 
whose father removed from that state to South Carolina and later to 
Tennessee, and subsequently came to Union county, Illinois, where he 
spent the remainder of his life in farming. Mr. Jenkins raised a com- 
pany during the Black Hawk war, later becoming the colonel of his 
regiment, and his son served the state as lieutenant governor. In 1826 
Dr. John Logan removed to what is now Murphysboro, buying a tract 
of one hundred and sixty acres of land, and in 1842, when the county 
commissioners chose a part of that farm for the site of the new court 
house, he readily donated a large portion of his land, on which the 
square and court house are now located. The original Logan home, 
which was erected by him, was remodeled, the same logs being used in 
rebuilding, and this homestead is located on South Eighteenth street. 
During the Black Hawk war Dr. Logan offered his services to his coun- 
try, and throughout that struggle served as a surgeon. A prominent 
member of the Illinois medical profession, he was also interested in 
public matters, and rose to positions of honor and trust, being several 
times sent to the legislature. He passed away in 1853, and his widow 
survived him until 1876, when she passed away. Both were earnest 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church, South. 

Thomas M. Logan was educated in the public schools, and was reared 
to the life of an agriculturist, eventually becoming the owner of three 
hundred acres of fine land, which he devoted to general farming and 
the breeding of fine cattle and thoroughbred horses. In 1892, with J. 
C. Clarke, he laid out the Clarke & Logan addition to Murphysboro, a 
tract of eighty acres, and eventually became the organizer and director 
of the First National and City National banks, and with John Ozburn 
built the manufacturing mill and the Logan & Deshon mill. Actively 
interested in all of his city's interests, he became president of the Mur- 
physboro Street Railway Company, and held that position up to the 
time of his death. In 1891 he bought the site of the present Logan 
home, which cost in the neighborhood of thirty-five thousand dollars. 
There his widow, who was Miss Sallie Oliver, of Lecompton, Kansas, now 
resides. 

As an intelligent man and reader, Mr. Logan was always well versed 
in the current events and affairs of the day, whether from an educa- 
tional or political standpoint. While his strong self-reliance required 
him to adhere with tenacity to those views which his judgment and 
investigation led him to adopt, his sincerity was undoubted, and his 
integrity was unquestioned. Holding the warmest place in the hearts 
of those who knew him best whether at the home fireside or in the 
circle of friendship his life and character were a tower of strength, 
and his memory shall be a benediction to those who loved him so well, 
He passed away at his home in Murphysboro on the 26th of June, 1907. 

RICHARD TALLEY, formerly known as Dick, was born in Ireland, May 
30, 1826. He came to America in 1830, with his parents, where he grew 
up to manhood, after which he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Ann 
Wilkinson, daughter of Bennie Wilkinson, of Missouri, and settled down 
farming in Franklin county, Illinois, on what is known as ' ' Town Mount 
Prairie," the postoffice being Plumfield. In time two children were 
born to this union, James Benjamin Talley and Elizabeth Talley. In 
1861. on June 6th, he volunteered and inlisted in Company I. of an Illi- 
nois regiment, and served three years in the war after which he received 



1150 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

an honorable discharge and returned home. He began farming in the 
coming spring, and in the same spring a quarrel ensued between him and 
his brother-in-law, resulting in the fighting of a duel, in which they shot 
each other and both died. Richard left his wife, son and daughter to 
mourn his loss. Eleven months after his death his wife, Sarah Ann, 
died, leaving James Benjamin Talley and Elizabeth Talley to grow up 
in the world the best they could. James Benjamin was but five years and 
ten months old, his sister, Elizabeth Talley, being one year his senior. 
They were then taken by Ben Wilkinson, their uncle. When sixteen 
years old, James Benjamin Talley came to Jackson county, and Eliza- 
beth Talley, when ten years old, went to her grandfather, Bennie Wil- 
kinson, in Northwest Missouri. There, at the age of seventeen years, she 
was married to George Taylor, after which they began traveling and their 
whereabouts are unknown to this day. 

James Benjamin Talley came to Jackson county and settled down at 
Oraville, Illinois, after which he was engaged in the timber business with 
Dutch Payne for about six months. He then began farming for Bill 
Bradley, but after farming for him three years he left and went into the 
blacksmith business with Freel Robinson at Oraville, staying there six 
months. Selling out, he then began railroading, but after eight months 
returned to farming, working for Frank Bastien for six months. Next he 
engaged in the timber business at Vergennes, staying there three months 
and then went to Severance, Kansas, and took up farming there, but only 
remaining at that place about two months, when he returned to Oraville, 
Illinois, and engaged in farming again for Bill Bradley. 

During that time Mr. Talley was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Bastien, daughter of Frank Bastien, who resided one mile west of Ora- 
ville, and began farming for himself on Frank Bastien 's farm. One child 
was born to them, named Henry ; after two years Mr. Talley moved to E. 
H. Snider 's farm, four miles north of Murphysboro, Illinois. There to 
their union was born the second child, named Edward. Farming there 
one year, he then moved to the R. A. McCord farm, one-quarter of a mile 
west of Oraville, farming there one year, when he moved to his own farm 
in Levan Township, in section sixteen, residing there off and on for 
twenty-two years. To their union seven children were born, as follows : 
Marion, Willie, Gertrude, Ida, Lulu, Frank and Sarah. 

About March 10, 1903, Mr. Talley bought Mr. Elex Ripley's farm, lo- 
cated three-quarters of a mile west of Oraville, and moved there, but after 
one month sold it back to Mr. E. Ripley and returned to the farm in Le- 
van Township, staying there six months. He then bought the John 
Murray property, on the north edge of Oraville, staying there until 
the middle of the next summer, when he sold and moved back to the farm 
in Levan Township. Leaving the farm in the care of his sons Edward 
and Willie the remainder of the family moved back to Oraville, where 
they all reside at present with the exception of Sallie Gertrude, who is in 
East St. Louis, Illinois. The son Edward married Miss May Deitz, 
daughter of Noah Deitz, of Levan Township, and his brother Willie lives 
with him. 

J. B. Talley and son Henry purchased the merchandise business of 
J. L. Bradley & Son, of Oraville, where they are at present. Mr. J. B. 
Talley 's knowledge of the needs of the people of his community has stood 
him in good stead in selecting his new stock. He has lived in this locality 
for a long period, is well known to the citizens here and bears an excel- 
lent reputation as a man of sterling integrity and upright business prin- 
ciples. Politically, he is a Republican. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1151 

HENRY TALLEY, junior member of the mercantile firm of Talley & Son, 
at Oraville, Illinois, belongs to the younger generation of business men 
of Southern Illinois, whose enthusiasm and enterprise have done so much 
toward developing of late years the commercial interests of this section. 
Born on a farm and reared to agricultural pursuits, he has shown him- 
self quick to adapt himself to his new occupation, and has educated him- 
self in modern methods of doing business to such an extent that he has in- 
troduced several up-to-date innovations in his business and is rapidly 
making a place for himself among the substantial men of his community. 
Mr. Talley is a native of Jackson county, and has spent his entire career 
here. 

Henry Talley 's early life was spent on his father's farm, and his edu- 
cation was secured in the public schools, while attending which he as- 
sisted his father in the work around the homestead. As a youth, how- 
ever, he manifested a desire to give up the cultivation of the soil and en- 
gage in some more congenial occupation, and for some years he followed 
railroading. He had always had a desire to enter the mercantile field, 
and when his father informed him of his purpose to purchase the business 
of Mr. Bradley, young Talley became his partner, and the association has 
since continued. A business connection of this kind is one of the best 
that can be formed, the conservatism of the older man and his experience 
in matters of business counterbalancing the more daring ventures of 
youth. Both father and son in this case have many warm personal friends 
in this community, and the manner in which they are being supported in 
their new venture speaks well for the future of the concern. Henry Tal- 
ley, like his father, is a stanch supporter of Republican principles, but 
he has been too much wrapped up in his private interests to think of en- 
tering the political field. He is unmarried, and makes his home with his 
parents at their present residence at Oraville. 

THOMAS L. ROBISON. The records of the Civil war show that Illinois 
contributed some of the best and bravest of its sons to the Union cause, 
and that they bore the brunt of some of its hardest-fought battles. The 
real record of that great conflict is written deep in the hearts of those who 
participated in it. Aside from wounds, sickness, broken health and shat- 
tered nerves, the survivors of the great rebellion had seared on their mem- 
ory scenes and incidents that even the hand of time could not erase, and 
the carefree youths who marched away so gayly in defense of their coun- 
try's flag returned to their homes full-grown men, old, if not in years, in 
experience. The Robison family was one whose members sacrificed them- 
selves on the altar of their country's honor, for four brothers served gal- 
lantly as soldiers in the Union army, and it is of one of these, Thomas L. 
Robison, a retired farmer of Ozark, Illinois, that this sketch speaks. Mr. 
Robison was born April 1, 1842, on a farm in Pope county, Illinois, and is 
a son of Allen and Diona (Keef ) Robison, natives of Ireland and Tennes- 
see, respectively. 

Allen Robison first settled in North Carolina on coming to the United 
States, subsequently removing to Kentucky and then to Tennessee, where 
he was married. In 1812 he migrated to Pope county, filed government 
land, and for many years cultivated a farm of one hundred and sixty 
acres. Of his children, four grew to maturity, Robert A., Thomas L., Wil- 
liam F. and George "W., all of whom enlisted for service in the Union 
army. Robert A. died at Corinth. Mississippi, soon after the battle at 
that point, and William F. met his death in the battle of Fort Pillow. 
On November 7, 1861, Thomas L. Robison enlisted in Company K, Fifty- 
sixth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and after serving one year 
was transferred in January, 1863, to Company Gr, Sixth Illinois Cavalry, 



1152 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

with which he continued to serve until the close of the war. He received 
his first honorable discharge October 25, 1862, at Corinth, Mississippi, 
and re-enlisted at Germantown, Tennessee, September 6, 1863, his final 
discharge coming at Selma, Alabama, November 5, 1865. Mr. Robi- 
son participated in some of the bloodiest battles of the war, including 
Corinth, Moscow, Hurricane Creek, Collinsville, Franklin, Nashville and 
Columbia. At the battle of Nashville he was wounded in the left thigh, 
and a bursting shell so injured the drum of his right ear that during 
his later years he has been affected by partial deafness ; at the battle of 
Moscow he was wounded in the right arm, and in the battle of Franklin 
was severely wounded in the right breast. A brave and faithful sol- 
dier, he is remembered by his old comrades as one to whom no danger 
was too great to risk, no march too long, no duty too irksome, and he 
was respected by his 'officers and admired by his fellows. Golconda G. A. 
R. Post, No. 332, has no more highly esteemed member. 

On his return from the service Mr. Robison engaged in farming in 
Pope county until November 9, 1884, which was the date of his advent 
in Johnson county. In 1901 he purchased a farm of eighty-nine acres 
three miles west of Ozark, but on April 14, 1902, moved to the village, 
where he has since resided. He is the owner of five town lots and a hand- 
some residence, and is numbered among the substantial men of his 
community. During the eighteen years he lived at Sanburn, from 1884 
until 1902, he served as justice of the peace and notary public. He was 
also one of the most successful pension attorneys in Southern Illinois, 
and supplemented his service as a soldier by greatly aiding the veterans 
and the widows of those who had lost their lives in battle. Fraternally 
he is connected with Tunnel Hill Lodge, No. 611, I. 0. 0. F., and his 
religious belief is that of the Baptist church. 

On October 8, 1871, Mr. Robison was married to Miss Sarah J. Oliver, 
who was born January 27, 1849, in Franklin county, Alabama, daugh- 
ter of James F. and Barbara (Hamilton) Oliver, and came to Pope 
county, Illinois, March 8, 1865. Mr. and Mrs. Robison have had no chil- 
dren, but have reared several children as though they were their own: 
Carrie Oliver, George Robison, Belle Hardin and Sarah Ford. 

JUDGE WILLIAM M. FARMER. A man of more than local fame, known 
throughout the state for his ability in his profession and whose name 
stands in Vandalia for honor, uprightness and truth is Judge William 
M. Farmer, of the supreme court of the state of Illinois. His advent 
into the legal fraternity was unheralded ; he was a green young lawyer 
together with hundreds of others who were graduated from the law 
schools and launched in life at the same time. But presently he began 
to attract attention; soon he was elected state's attorney, and then the 
steady advance began which culminated in his present high position. 

On the 5th of June, 1853, William M. Farmer was born in Fayette 
county, Illinois, the son of William F. and Margaret (Wright) farmer. 
His father was a native of the Blue Grass state, where his paternal grand- 
parents had settled on their removal from North Carolina. William 
Farmer was born in 1808 and came to Illinois in 1829 and located in 
Fayette county. He turned his attention to farming and throughout his 
life pursued this occupation, save for the time which he spent in the serv- 
ice of his country during the Black Hawk war of 1832. Mr. Farmer 
never had the opportunity to acquire much of an education, but his 
strong common sense and force of character made him a highly respected 
member of his community. He held a number of public offices in his 
county, and was a stanch Democrat. Both he and his wife were mem- 
bers of the slave-holding aristocracy of the South, but they took the side 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1153 

01 the Abolitionists and were firm supporters of the Union during the 
Civil war. Mrs. Farmer died when the Judge was only twelve, but her 
husband lived to the ripe old age of eighty, dying in 1888. The Judge 
was the son of the second wife of Mr. Farmer. His first marriage was to 
a Miss Jackson, and four children were born of this first union, all of 
whom have died. 

Judge Farmer spent his early life on the farm, but his father was 
ambitious for him, so after his education in the public schools he was 
sent to McKendree College, where he pursued the classical course, feel- 
ing all the while that law was the profession most suited to him. His 
interest in the law was very likely aroused when as a boy he sat by his 
father's side and listened to the arguments of the lawyers. His father 
was a justice of the peace, and in those days important cases were taken 
before him and the best legal talent in the county-seat would be ar- 
rayed in his office. Consequently, after teaching for ten months the boy 
entered the old Union College of Law, which is now the law department 
of the Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. In 1876 he was 
graduated with the degree of LL. B., and was admitted to the bar that 
same year. In July he opened an office in Vandalia, in partnership with 
an old college chum, named Chapin. He was successful from the very 
first, for he owned a winning personality and the confidence and en- 
thusiasm of youth. Just four years later, in 1880, he was elected state 's 
attorney, holding this difficult position for four years, during which time 
he continued his practice, gaining each day in a knowledge of values and 
of men. In 1888 he had so far won the confidence and trust of the peo- 
ple that they sent him to the lower house of the Legislature. After the 
expiration of a two-years' term they further honored him by sending him 
to the Senate. He served in this august body for four years, being one 
of the famous "101" who in 1891 elected ex-Governor Palmer to the 
United States Senate. During the session of 1893 he was chairman of 
the judiciary committee and took an important part in framing the laws 
of the state. There was no species of wire-pulling and political trickery 
that he did not come in contact with during these years, but it was his 
constant endeavor to keep his skirts out of the muck, and he came from 
his term of office with the confidence of his constituents unimpaired. 

In 1897 he was compelled to give up his active practice by his elec- 
tion to the bench as circuit judge. His ability in this new line of work 
was soon recognized and in 1903 the supreme court appointed him to the 
appellate court of the second district. In 1906 came the crowning tri- 
umph, in his election to the supreme court of the state of Illinois for a 
term of nine years. Although he practices no longer, he still clings to 
his old law office and in spite of his exalted position it is very easy to 
drop in and have a chat with its genial occupant. 

On the 23rd of December, 1875, in Hagerstown, Illinois, Judge 
Farmer married Illinois Virginia Henninger, a daughter of William 
and Mary Henninger. Two girls, Virginia and Gwendolyn, comprise 
their family. 

In politics Judge Farmer is a Democrat, and in 1892 he received the 
honor of being sent to the Democratic national convention as a delegate. 
He and his household are members and active workers in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Odd Fel- 
lows, the Knights of Pythias and the Modern Woodmen of America. 

The success of Judge Farmer as a lawyer is due, first, to the fine 
training which he has had, and, second, to his own keen intellect, his 
powers of concentration and his remarkable clearness and simplicity of 
expression. His success as a judge is due to his logical mind and his 



1154 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

knowledge of human nature, gained from a long experience with many 
different types of men. 

GRANT CRUSE. The coal fields of Southern Illinois have added 
greatly to the prosperity of this section, and in their operation large 
companies have been formed employing a vast army of people. In this 
connection it is not inappropriate to speak of the Carterville Big Muddy 
Coal Company, and of Grant Cruse, connected with the offices of the 
plant at Cambria. Mr. Cruse comes of an old family of Williamson 
county. He was born January 2, 1879, on the farm on which the com- 
pany employing him is now operating, and which his father settled and 
developed into a productive homestead from the virgin timber. His 
father was John M. Cruse, who migrated to this state from Christian 
county, Kentucky, in 1868, marrying and following the vocation of his 
father, the farm. His father, a native of Virginia, moved first to Ten- 
nessee, settling in Ray county, where he died during the childhood of his 
son, leaving a wife and the following children : Martha, Delilah, Nancy, 
Amanda, and John M., father of Grant Cruse. 

John M. Cruse failed to have the advantages of the ordinary schools 
of his day and did not learn to read or write until after his marriage. 
He enlisted in the Union army when the Civil war came on and was a 
member of the Seventeenth Kentucky Infantry, raised about Hopkins- 
ville. His regiment formed a part of the Army of the Cumberland, and 
was in the engagement at Shiloh, the campaign against Vicksburg, 
Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, 
participated in the Atlanta campaign and after the capture of the city 
returned north with the army, following the Confederate General Hood, 
and fighting him at Franklin, his army being annihilated at Nashville. 
In all of these engagements and more Mr. Cruse took a very active 
part, serving three years and eight months, but receiving neither scratch 
or blemish. As a citizen he was noted for his industry and "his sympathy 
with progress and for his loyalty and local activity in Republican poli- 
tics. His lack of education hampered him no little, but he made the 
most of what he had and was ever regarded as a valuable citizen. He 
married Rebecca Sizemore. She died in 1879, leaving children as fol- 
lows : Anna, who married W. Albert Perrine, of Herrin, Illinois ; Martha ; 
Manthus, the wife of J. B. Crowell, V. S., of Marion ; James B., living in 
Salina, Kansas; Alice, who died as the wife of S. A. Crowell; Jennie, the 
wife of L. B. Sizemore, of St. Louis ; Oscar, on a farm near Carterville, 
Illinois; Grant; Robert R., mine manager of Cambria; Ethel, the wife 
of S. L. Brainerd, of Fordville, Illinois; and Mrs. Emma Schuttee. of 
Champaign. Mr. Cruse was an active Free Will Baptist church worker 
from early manhood. 

Grant Cruse acquired a liberal education. He attended the Illinois 
State Normal School for two years, and was then a teacher in the public 
schools for two years, then returning to the old farm, on which he has 
since resided. He owns the old home, having bought it after his fa- 
ther's death, in 1908. In 1903 the coal was leased to the Carterville Big 
Muddy Coal Company, and at the same time Grant entered their office 
as clerk, in which capacity he still continues. Like his father, Mr. Cruse 
is an adherent of Republican principles, but, while he is just as earnest, 
he has not been as active as was his father. His religious belief is that 
of the Free Will Baptist church. 

Grant Cruse was married April 13, 1902, to Miss Florence E. Wil- 
liams, a daughter of Walker Williams, who brought his family to the 
United States from Oxfordshire, England, in 1866, and is now a retired 
mine manager. Mrs. Cruse is one of seven children and was born in 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1155 

Perry county, educated in DuQuoin and Carbondale, and taught in 
the public schools for seven years. She and Mr. Cruse have three chil- 
dren : Rebecca, Harold and Dean. 

H. K. POWELL has held the office of county clerk for forty-one years, 
a period longer than any other clerk in the state of Illinois, and it is 
safe to say that there are few, if any, incumbents of this important office 
in all the length and breadth of the United States who have exceeded 
his record. Prom the first Mr. Powell proved wonderfully faithful and 
efficient, his eye being single to the good of the people and the best per- 
formance of the duties of the office with which they had entrusted him. 
Jasper county is indeed to be congratulated for a discernment as to 
its best interests which has led it to keep in office men loyal to the best 
interests of the county, and of ability and inpeccability. He is a man of 
well-deserved popularity and no one is better known in this locality. 
Among Mr. Powell's distinctions are the facts that he is a native son of 
the county, the son of one of the staunch pioneers of this section, and 
one of the gallant boys in blue who marched forth willing to risk life and 
limb in the cause of the Union, whose integrity they placed above per- 
sonal safety. 

The life record of Mr. Powell began November 12, 1848, on a farm in 
Crooked Creek township, in Jasper county. His father, John Powell, was 
born in Madison county, Ohio, in 1823, and when a young man removed 
from the Buckeye state to the newly opening Illinois. He located in 
Jasper county, where he farmed and engaged in stock buying, driving 
cattle in herds to Chicago from this part of the country. He married 
Francis A. McComas, a native daughter of Jasper county, and into their 
household were born five children, Mr. Powell being the eldest of the 
number. The father journeyed on to the "Undiscovered Country," De- 
cember 24, 1857, and the demise of his cherished and devoted wife oc- 
curred February 20, 1901. The subject's father was Democratic in his 
political faith and during his active years played a leading role in the 
many-sided life of the community in which his home was located. 

Although Mr. Powell of this review .was born on a farm, he did not 
long maintain his residence amid these rural surroundings, for when he 
was three years of age his parents removed to Newton. In its public 
schools he received his education and while yet a lad entered upon his 
career as a wage-earner. In those early years he worked at various oc- 
cupations on a farm, in a printing office and for three years he ful- 
filled one of his youthful dreams by driving the stage from Newton to 
Olney. Part of the time he clerked in the store, and in whatever posi- 
tion he found himself he proved useful to his employers. While yet a 
school boy the long gathering Civil war cloud broke in all its fury and 
as soon as he would be accepted, at the age of sixteen, he enlisted, becom- 
ing a member of Company I, of the One Hundred and Forty-third Illi- 
nois Regiment and serving for a few months. He then returned to New- 
ton, and it was after that that he worked in a printing office. Upon the 
attainment of his majority in 1869 he entered upon his public career, 
being elected assessor of Wade township, and at the completion of the 
assessment the then county clerk engaged this useful and competent 
young man as deputy under County Clerk Robert Leach. He held that 
office until 1873, and then as the logical successor of Mr. Leach he became 
county clerk himself. Ever since that time, without exception, at every 
election he has been returned to the office and thus has completed forty- 
one years in office, the record, as before stated, for the commonwealth of 
Illinois. He is a Democrat of sound and honest conviction and he has 
ever proved ready to do anything in his power for the success of his 



1156 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

party. He is genial and cordial in his bearing, easily approached and 
attracts friends as the magnet does the needle, while those for whom he 
forms an attachment may be as certain of his unfaltering friendship as 
that the orb of day will appear each morning in his daily round. 

Mr. Powell was happily married January 11, 1870, Dolly Thomp- 
son, of Newton, becoming his wife. Six children have been born to their 
union, five of whom are living: Julia, now Mrs. Evans, resides in Jas- 
per county ; Robert L. holds the office of deputy county clerk and is a 
competent young man ; Hattie makes her home in Newton ; Thomas W. is 
a citizen of Chicago ; and Boyce is still in the schools of Newton. Mrs. 
Powell is a valued member of the Methodist Episcopal church and the 
subject is member of Jacob E. Reed Post, No. 550, Grand Army of the 
Republic, with the comrades of other days renewing the sad but stirring 
events of our greatest national crisis. 

FRANCIS E. CRAWFORD, the popular superintendent of schools in Fa- 
yette county, Illinois, must look upon his success as the work of his own 
brain. Starting on his career as a teacher with only the meager equip- 
ment of the country school, he has secured his education piecemeal, when- 
ever he had a chance. Much of his culture he has acquired by himself, 
when, after a hard day's work with refractory pupils and often with 
grown-ups, he has sat till far into the wee sma ' hours poring over some 
book. He is essentially a self-made man, and looks upon the niche which 
he has carved for himself in life with justifiable pride. 

Francis E. Crawford was born in Fayette county, near Brownston, 
'on the 23rd of March, 1869. His father was Martin Van Buren Craw- 
ford, who had been born in Ohio in 1844. Mr. Crawford, Sr., lost his 
father when he was a very small child, and was brought by his mother 
into Illinois in 1848. Here he grew to manhood, working on the farm to 
help his mother. He followed this occupation all of his life, and at- 
tained to considerable success as a farmer. In 1867 he married Eliza- 
beth J. Bolt, and they spent the remainder of their lives in Fayette 
county. Six children, five boys and one girl, were born to them, of whom 
Francis E. is the oldest. Of these children all have died except one of 
his brothers, James L. In politics Mr. Crawford was a Democrat, and 
both he and his wife were members of the Christian church. His wife 
died in 1893 and he followed her on the 26th of February. 1905. 

Francis E. Crawford spent his younger days on the farm, receiving 
his education in the country schools. When he was seventeen domestic 
troubles forced him to add his quota to the support of the family, so he 
turned his hand to that work which he felt best able to do, and on the 
1st of April, 1886, began teaching his first school. For the next six 
years he served a weary apprenticeship in the school of experience by 
teaching in the country. Then he was offered the principalship of the 
Ramsey schools, which he held for two years. The four years follow- 
ing were spent in the grammar department of the Vandalia schools, and 
then he was promoted to the position of assistant principal of the same 
schools, at which post he worked for two years. He then went to St. 
Elmo, where for eight years he acted as principal of the schools. The 
Casey schools called him next, and for a year he held the superintend- 
ency here. He was elected for a second term, but resigned to accept the 
position of county superintendent. This took place in 1910. and his long 
experience in various places and positions has given him the experience 
now so necessary to him. He is now able to understand the problems of 
a teacher of any rank, those of the country as well as those of the cities, 
and the wisdom with which he handles these is shown by his popularity 
and by upholding the high standard of education now in vogue. He has 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1157 

never received a degree from college or university, but he has attended 
several summer sessions of various normals and in this way has kept in 
touch with the trend of modern thought. Teaching in the first place 
was forced upon him, on account of sickness that deprived the family of 
some of its bread earners, but he came to love his profession and now his 
whole soul is in his work. 

On the 1st of October, 1890, the marriage of Mr. Crawford to Sarah 
A. Pilcher was consummated. She was the daughter of Winston Pil- 
cher, a farmer of Fayette county. They had two children, one a little 
girl, died in infancy, the other, Cecil C., is a graduate of the high school 
in Casey. 

In politics Mr. Crawford is a Democrat, and the influence which he 
possesses as a semi-public man is always used to further the interests of 
his party. Mr. Crawford is a member of the Christian church and be- 
longs in the fraternal world to the Odd Fellows and to the Modern Wood- 
men of America. In his own profession he is a member of the Illinois 
and of the Southern Illinois Teachers ' Association. 

The people of Fayette county are still congratulating themselves upon 
their good luck in having secured Mr. Crawford to direct the educational 
work of this section, for he had been tried and tested in the furnace and 
had been proven to be pure gold. His gradual rise is a splendid proof 
of his natural ability unassisted by the influence of a number of letters 
tacked on to his name or by having friends in high places. 

DANIEL BALDWIN FAGER. To the land that has sent to our country 
so many of her best sons, and that has given that tinge to the stream of 
America life that renders it healthy and wholesome, in other words, to 
Germany we owe the presence among us of Daniel Baldwin Fager, who 
has done so much for education in Southern Illinois, and in whom may 
be traced that clarity of intellect and steadiness of purpose that char- 
acterizes the land of his ancestry. He has given his whole life to the 
cause that he holds closest to his heart, and in the remarkable progress 
that the science of education has made in the past decade or so Mr. Fager 
has always been in the fore front. In addition to his scholarly attain- 
ments he has much tact and the personality that charms both children 
and grown people, so as a superintendent he has been remarkably suc- 
cessful, and outside of his profession he numbers hosts of friends. 

Daniel Fager is not a German by birth, having been born, on the 15th 
of August, 1859, in Jackson county, Illinois, but his father, Sebastian 
Fager was born in Germany, at Baden. The latter came to America 
about 1850, and settled in Jackson county, where he engaged in farming, 
in which pursuit he spent all of his life. He rapidly became accus- 
tomed to the changed conditions under which he was to live, and soon 
became an ardent devotee of the Republican mode of thought, though he 
never entered actively into political life. Both he and his wife were mem- 
bers of the Lutheran church. He was married before coming to this 
country to Mary Mauer, who was of French descent. Eight children were 
born to this couple, of whom Daniel is the youngest. Of these children 
only four are now living. The father died in 1889, at the age of eighty, 
but, the mother passed away many years before, in 1862, leaving Daniel 
a little three year old toddler. 

The early life of Daniel Fager was spent on the farm in Jackson 
county, and the education that he received in the county schools caused 
him to realize the deficiencies that were glaringly evident in the schools 
of his youth. He also studied some time in the village schools of De Soto. 
After acquiring more than he at the time realized from this preparatory 
training he entered the Southern Illinois Normal and was graduated from 



1158 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

this school in 1883. The two years previous to his entry into the normal 
school he spent in teaching a country school, so on his graduation he 
was not only equipped with a diploma but also with experience, and he 
was immediately .offered a principalship. This first position was at Ga- 
latia, Illinois, and he remained here for two years. He then accepted a 
similar position at Anna, and his stay here was of the same length. 
Shawneetown then elected him their superintendent of schools, and he 
accepted the post, which he held for a year, resigning to become super- 
intendent of the Collinsville schools. The people of the latter place had 
the good fortune to hold him for six years, during which the schools of 
the town made great strides forward, but Assumption finally secured his 
services, though he only remained for one year. From Assumption he 
went to Salem, as superintendent of schools, remaining four years. At 
the end of this time he took the principalship of the Mount Vernon city 
schools, holding this office for a year, before coming to Vandalia. He 
has been at Vandalia for five years, and the citizens of the town can only 
hope that he will make a longer stay with them than he has at the other 
places where he has held executive positions. 

There are eighteen teachers engaged in the Vandalia schools and the 
responsibility for their work rests upon the shoulders of the superin- 
tendent. The high school has a four year course, and is fully accredited, 
a diploma from the school being accepted by the University of Illinois 
in lieu of an examination. The enrollment of the high school has in- 
creased since Mr. Fager took charge of it from seventy -five to one hun- 
dred and twenty -nine. 

While attending to the education of others, Mr. Fager has followed 
the principle that the teacher should always be the student, and to that 
end has not only read widely but has taken post graduate work at the 
University of Illinois, having spent in all four summer sessions at the 
University. An evidence of his popularity and ability as a teacher, as well 
as the progressive modes of thought which he has adopted, is given by 
the frequency with which he is invited to give courses or talks at the va- 
rious institutes that have been held in the counties of Marion, Jackson, 
Randolph, Saline and Jefferson. 

In 1887 Mr. Fager was married to Fannie D. McAnally, the daughter 
of Dr. J. F. McAnally, of Carbondale, Illinois. One son was born to 
them, Frank D. Fager, who is now a junior at the University of Illinois, 
where he is pursuing the electrical engineering course. 

Mr. Fager has joined that recent movement in politics with which 
most thinking men are in sympathy, at least in this section of the Union, 
that is, he is a Progressive Republican. His religious affiliations are with 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and he takes considerable interest in 
the affairs of the fraternal world, being a member of the Odd Fellows 
and of the Knights of Pythias. 

JAMES WALTER G-IBSON. Among the younger set of Mount Vernon 's 
successful men James Walter Gibson takes prominent rank as one who 
has already made rapid strides in his chosen work, and who has a worthy 
and brilliant career before him. As assistant cashier of the Ham Na- 
tional Bank, Mr. Gibson is the incumbent of a highly responsible posi- 
tion, and he has held similar positions for the past ten years, establish- 
ing for himself in that time a reputation that stands for reliability, in- 
tegrity, energy and various other kindred virtues. 

James Walter Gibson was born September 25, 1874, on a farm three 
and a half miles south of Mount Vernon, being the son of Samuel and 
Angeline (Newby) Gibson. The father was born in 1828, in the little 
town of Muskingum, near to Zanesville, Ohio, and was the son of James 



OF 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1159 

Gibson, a native of Scotland, who in his young manhood migrated to the 
United States and finally settled on a farm, near Zanesville, where he 
passed a quiet and uneventful life in the tilling of his farm and rearing 
his little family. His son, Samuel, the father of James Walter Gibson, 
migrated to Illinois in 1849, when he had reached his majority, and be- 
came engaged in the occupation in which he was reared, that of agricul- 
ture. He passed his subsequent life on his Illinois farm, with the excep- 
tion of one interval when he became a soldier in the One Hundred and 
Tenth Illinois Volunteer Regiment of the Union army, serving through- 
out the war and winning for himself and his posterity a record of hero- 
ism and bravery that will be to them a gracious heritage of intrinsic worth 
for all time. His wife, and the mother of James Walter, was the daugh- 
ter of Hezekiah Newby, an early pioneer settler of Illinois and a native 
of Tennessee. She passed away in December, 1895, leaving husband and 
children to mourn her loss. They were the parents of ten sons and daugh- 
ters, but six of whom are now living. They are here named in the order 
of their birth : Augustus, deceased ; Ida and John A., also deceased ; Dr. 
0. N. Gibson, of Eldorado, Illinois ; Thomas Otis, a farmer near Mount 
Vernon; Adella, deceased; Ernest, in Bozeman, Montana; Samuel A., on 
a farm near Mount Vernon ; Mrs. R. S. Mernagh, whose husband is man- 
ager of the Alton Brick Company, St. Louis, Missouri ; and James Wal- 
ter, assistant cashier of the Ham National Bank of Mount Vernon. 

The education of Mr. Gibson was of a most liberal nature, beginning 
with a thorough course of training in the Mount Vernon High school, 
from which he graduated in 1895, and finishing with one term in the State 
Normal at Normal, Illinois. In 1900 Mr. Gibson became a clerk in the 
Mount Vernon post office, which position he retained until December, 
1905. He then entered the Jefferson State Bank as assistant cashier, and 
was in that institution until May, 1906. He next became cashier of the 
Jefferson State Bank of Mount Vernon, serving in that capacity until 
January 1, 1911, when he resigned his position and became connected 
with the Ham National Bank as assistant cashier, the duties of which 
position he is still performing in a manner highly creditable to himself 
and to the institution. Mr. Gibson is a member of a number of fraternal 
societies, among them being the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Knights of Pythias. He is a member of the First Presbyterian church 
of Mount Vernon. 

On October 13. 1901, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Gibson with 
Cora C. Young, the daughter of W. L. Young, of Mount Vernon. 

ALPHONSO McCoRMiCK. While demonstrating his executive ability, 
fine business capacity and general readiness, resourcefulness and adap- 
tability to requirements, in the teaching and management of several im- 
portant schools in different cities of this state, Alphonso McCormick, 
of Carbondale. attracted the attention of the American Book Company, 
and was called into its service with bright prospects, a part of which 
have since been realized, with the rest still waiting for him as he ad- 
vances toward them. In the service he has rendered it he has not dis- 
appointed the great book concern, and it always appreciates faithful at- 
tention to its interests and rewards it justly. 

Mr. McCormick is a native of Indiana and a son of William and 
Sarah E. (Cotton) McCormick, and was born at Evansville in the 
Hoosier state on January 16, 1861. His father is a coal operator in 
that locality and a man of force and influence among his fellows. He 
appreciates the value of a good education as a means of advancement in 
life, and gave his son every educational advantage he was able to provide 
for him. The son used his opportunities for all they were worth, wast- 



1160 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

ing no time while attending school and neglecting no means available 
to him for the acquisition of useful knowledge and full mental develop- 
ment. 

He began his scholastic training in the public schools of his native 
city, continued it at Valparaiso University in the state of his birth and 
completed it at the University of Chicago. He began teaching school 
in 1881 and continued his work in this highly useful but very trying 
occupation until 1896. He was employed in several parts of Southern 
Illinois and served as principal of the schools of several different cities. 
In the year last named he accepted an offer from the American Book 
Company to act as its agent in Southern Illinois, and in 1896 was ap- 
pointed its general agent for the whole of Southern Illinois, with head- 
quarters in Carbondale, which has been his home for a number of years. 

Mr. McCormick has been very diligent and vigilant in attending to 
the interests committed to his care, and they have prospered and grown 
stronger in his hands. He has applied to the management of them the 
same assiduous industry, determined will and fruitful persistence that 
he employs in everything else he undertakes, and he has made his efforts 
tell greatly to the advantage of the company, and at the same time they 
have served to raise him to the first rank in public estimation as a 
business man, while his high character, public spirit and general worth 
have given him a strong hold on the regard of the people as a citizen. 

Mr. McCormick was first .married, on July 8, 1882, to Miss Josie 
Crider of Marion, Kentucky. On July 8, 1910, he married Ella Lilly, 
of Carbondale. They have six children: Gertrude E., the wife of C. 
C. Neely, a train dispatcher for the Illinois Central Railroad; William 
P., a prosperous merchant in Jackson, Tennessee; Esther, who is a 
valued employe of the Carbondale Telephone Company; and Edith M., 
Alma L. and Archibald S., who are still members of the parental family 
circle, and strong elements of its popularity as a social center and 
source of genial and genuine hospitality. 

Mr. McCormick has taken a great interest in the fraternal life of 
his community for a number of years, and his membership is highly 
appreciated in the various benevolent societies to which he belongs. He 
is a past noble grand in the Order of Odd Fellows, and had been the 
representative of his lodge in the meetings of the Grand Lodge many 
times. He also belongs to the Knights of Pythias, the Order of Elks 
and the United Commercial Travelers Association. His religious af- 
filiation is with the Baptist church, and the members of his family 
also favor that denomination. 

DANIEL NEEDHAM. Prom mule boy to chief engineer for the Collins- 
ville Mining Company is the record of Daniel Needham, who has been a 
resident of Breese in the latter named capacity for the past twenty years. 
"Push, Pluck and Perseverance" have been the watchwords of Daniel 
Needham, and the measure of success he has achieved in his life thus far 
amply demonstrates the winning power of those qualities when applied 
in daily life. 

Born in Belleville, Illinois, on October 10, 1863, Daniel Needham is the 
son of Matthew Needham, a native of England, born in Manchester. Mat- 
thew Needham was a coal miner. He went into the mines as a boy and 
made a close study of mining, and when he came to America as a young 
man he located at Belleville and there entered the same occupation. He 
gradually worked his way up in mining circles, and finally became presi- 
dent of the Ruby Coal Mining Company, which position he held at the 
time of his death, in 1901. Mr. Needham was a Democrat, staunch and 
true in his adherence to the party, but never an office seeker. He was a 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1161 

Methodist, and for years a trustee of that church. Just previous to his 
migration to America Mr. Needham married Miss Martha Williamson, of 
Manchester. Seven children were born of their union, five of whom are 
living, Daniel Needham being the eldest. The others are John, Thomas, 
James and Albert. 

The ascent of Daniel Needham from his labors as a mule driver when 
a boy to his present responsible position has been attended by manifold 
difficulties and even hardships. Relentless, unremitting toil marked his 
youth and early manhood, and only his dominant will, his determination 
to advance, have brought him to his present secure footing. When he 
was a young boy his mother died, and his father contracted a second mar- 
riage. He attended the Collinsville Public schools, graduating there- 
from in 1880, and he immediately went into the mines, starting as a mule 
driver. He worked there in that and other capacities for a period of 
about twelve years, after which he went with one Mr. Hanvey to perfect 
himself in the trade of an engineer, and in 1889 he came to Breese as en- 
gineer for the Consolidated Coal Company of St. Louis, a position which 
he has held continuously since that time. 

Mr. Needham has ever been a man of prominence in the town which he 
has called home for so many years. In his political convictions he is 
Democrat, and has served the party in various capacities and at various 
times. He is citizen of great worth, and his political influence is always 
directed in a manner that is calculated to result in the best good to the 
community, regardless of party affiliations. He has held various offices 
in Breese from time to time. He was for three years president of the vil- 
lage, and he was the incumbent of that office when the village was incor- 
porated five years ago as a city. In 1910 he was elected mayor of the 
city, carrying the election by an overwhelming majority. For fifteen 
consecutive years he held the position of chief of the Breese fire depart- 
ment, always giving the town the most efficient service possible with an 
organization of its size and equipment. Mr. Needham is a member of the 
Miners' union, being president of that body. He is a member of the 
Catholic church. 

In 1888 Mr. Needham wedded Sarah Normansell, of Caseyville, Illi- 
nois. Six children have been born to their union, three of whom are 
living. They are William, James and Nora. In 1900 Mrs. Needham 
died, and in 1902 Mr. Needham contracted a second marriage, when Miss 
Wilhelmina Niemeyer became his wife. She was a resident of Breese, well 
known and esteemed of all. There is one child by the second marriage, 
Martha. 

SAMUEL WILSON BAIRD. A genial, obliging and efficient public of- 
ficial, Samuel W. Baird, postmaster at Carlyle, is faithfully devoting 
his attention to the duties of his position, being mindful of the interests 
of his patrons and true to those of the government. A native of Illinois, 
he was born June 20, 1845, in Edwards county, a son of Samuel Baird. 

Samuel Baird was born in Indiana, and as a boy came with his 
parents to Illinois, where he grew to man's estate. Becoming an agri- 
culturist, he was engaged in tilling the soil in Edwards county for a 
number of years. He subsequently bought land in Wabash county, where 
he continued as a general farmer until his death, in 1857. He was a 
Whig in politics, and an active and valued member of the Christian 
church, oftentimes preaching on Sundays in the rural churches of that 
denomination. His wife, whose maiden name was Lucinda Stewart, was 
born in Indiana, and died, in 1884, in Illinois. Eight children blessed 
their union, Samuel Wilson being the seventh child in succession of 
birth. 



1162 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Four years old when his parents settled in Wabash county, Illinois, 
Samuel Wilson Baird acquired his elementary education in the rural 
schools of that county, completing his early studies at Eureka College, 
in Eureka, Illinois. He subsequently taught school two years in Law- 
rence county, in the meantime working at the carpenter's trade in his 
leisure moments. A good mechanic, and liking the work, Mr. Baird 
finally accepted a position with the old Ohio and Mississippi Railroad 
as carpenter and bridge builder, and proved himself so capable that he 
was soon promoted, being first made foreman of the bridge builders, and 
later being division superintendent of bridges on the road. Mr. Baird 
continued in this capacity until 1907, when he was appointed, by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, postmaster at Carlyle, an office which he has since held. 

Mr. Baird has been twice married. He married first, in 1868, Julia 
Black, of Salem, Illinois. She died five years later, leaving no children. 
Mr. Baird married in 1896 Miss Lillian Belle Brigham, of Mannsville, 
New York, and they have one child, Lillian Bernice Baird. An enthusi- 
astic Republican in politics, Mr. Baird is a strong supporter of the prin- 
ciples of his party. Fraternally he is a member of the Ancient Free and 
Accepted Order of Masons, in which he has taken the Knights Templar 
degrees. Religiously he is a member of the Christian church. 

WILLIAM M. SCHUWEEK. Preeminent among the many important 
factors in the political life of Evansville and Randolph county stands 
Judge William M. Schuwerk, judge of Randolph county, and for many 
years recognized as a particularly able exponent of the legal fraternity 
in his section of the state. A resident of Evansville since his sarly youth, 
he is correspondingly well known in that place, and as a skillful lawyer, 
a successful and honored judge, as a man of family, and the friend of 
the people, his place in his community is most firmly established. 

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, April 12, 1856, William M. Schuwerk is the 
son of Paul Schuwerk. The latter was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, 
in 1814, and migrated to this country in 1844. In Cleveland he married 
Miss Elizabeth Moser, a young woman of Swiss extraction, born in 1828, 
and who died in Evansville in 1891. Paul Schuwerk passed away in 
1869. The issue of their union were William M., Mary, who became the 
wife of Henry G. Meyerott, of St. Louis, and Annie, who married A. C. 
Douglass and also resides in St. Louis. 

The childhood and youth of Judge Schuwerk were passed upon his 
father's farm in Randolph county, and his early schooling was received 
in the parochial schools of Evansville, wherein he was taught in the 
mother tongue of his parents. Later he was sent to the public schools 
that he might become thoroughly grounded in English, and following his 
graduation from the public schools he entered McKendree College at 
Lebanon, Illinois. He finished a scientific course in that institution, 
graduating therefrom in 1882, with the degree of M. S., and later he fin- 
ished a course in law with the degree of LL. B. He was admitted to the 
bar of the state of Illinois upon presentation of his diploma, and he be- 
came a member of the bar of the state courts and of the Federal courts 
at about the same time. 

Prior to the completion of his college courses, Judge Schuwerk spent 
some little time as a teacher in the public schools, and following his 
graduation he resumed that work for a period of three years, conclud- 
ing his pedagogic experience when he was principal of the Evansville 
schools. He then established a law office in Evansville, entering into a 
partnership with a Mr. Hood, of Chester, Illinois, in 1885, from which 
time an office was maintained in each of the two towns, the firm name 
being Hood and Schuwerk. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1163 

As the conditions of rural practice necessitate, Mr. Schuwerk fol- 
lowed all branches of the law, conducting cases through all the courts 
with appellate jurisdiction as they chanced to reach there. In criminal 
cases he was always a defender, and many of his cases have either re- 
sulted in the establishment of a new precedent, or in giving rise to a new 
interpretation of the law. His political relations Judge Schuwerk has ex- 
tended through the channels of Democracy. He has held few offices, his 
first official position being that of chancery judge of Randolph county 
and his second that of county judge, to which latter position he was 
elected as a Democratic candidate in November, 1910, the successor of 
Judge Taylor. In 1889 he was chosen to represent his county in the Illi- 
nois general assembly. He belonged to the minority party of that body, 
looking with a feeling something like chagrin upon the many transac- 
tions of the lower house, although its proceedings were dictated by many 
of the old and what might be termed political statesmen of the Republi- 
can party of that day. 

The corporations of Evansville have been aided in their ambitions 
for a charter existence by the machinations of Judge Schuwerk. He as- 
sisted in the organization of the Evansville Building & Loan Association, 
the Evansville Telephone Company, and the N. & W. Sauer Milling Com- 
pany. He also was an active factor in the securing of the Illinois South- 
ern Railroad for this point, in raising the cash bonus of fourteen thous- 
and dollars, and also in securing a portion of the right-of-way, all of 
which have been very material aids to the growth and prosperity of 
Evansville. Judge Schuwerk has always been more or less interested in 
farming and is the owner of some especially fine farm land adjacent to 
this locality in the Okaw bottoms. 

On June 7, 1883, Judge Schuwerk married Miss Mary M. Hoffman, a 
daughter of Michael and Josephine Hoffman, of Mascoutah, Illinois. Mr. 
Hoffman was born in St. Clair county, Illinois, but his wife is of Swiss 
birth. Mrs. Schuwerk was born in Macon county, Illinois, June 25, 1862, 
and she and Judge Schuwerk are the parents of Myrtle M., the wife of 
H. P. Sauer, of Etherton, Illinois ; William M., a law student in the fa- 
ther's office; Walter J., a student in McKendree College; and Paul Ed- 
ward, the youngest of the family. 

Fraternally Judge Schuwerk is affiliated with a number of important 
societies. He is master of Kaskaskia lodge, No. 86, A. F. & A. M., the first 
masonic body established or organized in Illinois, and he has on several 
occasions represented it in the Grand Lodge of Illinois. He is deputy 
grand master of Elwood Lodge, No. 895, I. O. 0. F., and a member of 
Hercules lodge, No. 285, Knights of Pythias, of Chester. ' He is the pres- 
ent representative of the Evansville I. 0. 0. F. to the State Grand lodge, 
and he also belongs to the Stanley Chapter, No. 103, Royal Arch Masons, 
at Sparta, Illinois, and to Murphysboro lodge, No. 572, of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. 

HOSEA V. FERBELL, M. D. The name of Ferrell has for several gener- 
ations been familiar to the inhabitants of Williamson county, Illinois. 
The family sprung from stanch old Irish stock and the original repre- 
sentative of the name in America was one James Ferrell, who was trans- 
ported from Ireland to the Maryland colony in commutation of a death 
sentence about 1720. James Ferrell located where Frederick, Mary- 
land, now is. He was a soldier in the French and Indian war, in Gen- 
eral Braddock's army, which marched on Fort Pitt in 1755 and which 
was surprised and almost annihilated in what is known as "Braddock's 
Defeat." James Ferrell married Lydia Dent, and they became the 
parents of three children, namely, Hezekiah, Zephaniah, and one daugh- 



1164 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

ter. Hezekiah and Zephaniah Ferrell were patriots of the Revolutionary 
period and both served with General ' ' Light Horse ' ' Harry Lee 's legion 
throughout the war, taking part in the slaughter at McNeil's Lane, in 
which some four hundred Tories were killed. 

Hezekiah was born about 1724 and died at Georgetown, Virginia, in 
1804. In civil life he was a farmer, living near where the city of Ra- 
leigh, North Carolina, now is. His wife was Susan Allison, of English 
lineage, and among their children were : James, who passed his life in 
North Carolina, where he died in 1870, survived by a family ; Dent set- 
tled in Dyer county, Tennessee, and his posterity can be found about 
Dyersburg, Humboldt and Memphis, Tennessee; Lydia married W. P. 
Mangum, for thirty years United States senator of North Carolina and 
one of the able men of the south before the Civil war period ; Mary be- 
came the wife of a Mr. Fuller and reared a large family, whose pos- 
terity is scattered about over western Tennessee. William Ferrell, who 
established the family in Illinois, was born at the old farmstead, or plan- 
tation as it was then known, in 1788. He married Jailie Barnes and re- 
moved to Shelbyville, Tennessee, in 1811. The year following his advent 
in Tennessee, William Ferrell enlisted in Colonel Coffey's regiment for 
the Creek war and served under "Old Hickory" in that struggle and in 
the war of 1812, his military career ending with the defeat of the Brit- 
ish at the battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815. He subsequently 
moved to Smith county, Tennessee, and thence proceeded on his final 
journey westward to Illinois, arriving here in 1839. He passed the re- 
mainder of his life as a farmer and as a Baptist minister in this state. 
He was originally an old-line Whig in politics but upon the formation 
of the Republican party, transferred his allegiance to that organization. 
He passed to the life eternal in 1867, and his cherished and devoted wife 
died in the following year. 

Among the children of William and Jailie Ferrell were Reverends 
Hezekiah and Wilfred Ferrell, leaders in the work of the Missionary 
Baptist church in Southern Illinois for many years. They married sis- 
ters from Virginia and both were strong men in their calling and use- 
ful citizens. Wilfred Ferrell represented Williamson county in the gen- 
eral assembly of Illinois in 1850-1 and was an associate of Abraham Lin- 
coln. It was that assembly that gave the Illinois Central Railroad its 
corporate existence and there was much politics played in the selection 
of the railroad route across the state. In 1859 Rev. Wilfred Ferrell re- 
moved to Hallville, Texas, where he passed away in 1875. His first wife 
was Mary Walker and his second was Eliza J. Smith. Some of his chil- 
dren are numbered among the old residents of that Texas community. 
Rev. Hezekiah Ferrell married Martha Walker and died in Williamson 
county, Illinois, in 1860. George, another son of William Ferrell and 
father of Dr. Hosea V. Ferrell, was born near Rome, Tennessee, in 1816. 
He passed his life as a farmer and merchant, married Laura M. Waller, 
and died in 1856. His widow survived until 1905, dying at the venerable 
age of eighty -four years. Mrs. Ferrell, a daughter of John Waller, who 
came to Franklin county, Illinois, from Virginia in the territorial days of 
this state. Her great-uncle, Ned Waller, was the first justice of the peace 
in Mason county, Kentucky, and lived at Waller and Clark's Station, 
near Kent on 's station in Mason county, Kentucky. George and Laura 
Ferrell became the parents of seven children, namely, Leander, Dr. 
Hosea V., Levi, James M. (deceased), Amanda, Gallic and Georgia (de- 
ceased). 

Of the above children Dr. Hosea V. Ferrell is he whose name forms 
the caption for this review. The Doctor was educated at Indiana Uni- 
versity and received his degree of Doctor of Medicine at the old St. 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1165 

Louis Medical College. He has been a resident of Carterville since 1872. 
He married Miss M. C. Davis, a daughter of General John T. Davis, who 
was born in Trigg county, Kentucky, on a farm adjoining that of the fa- 
ther of Jefferson Davis. General Davis was born in 1803 and accom- 
panied his parents to Illinois in 1819. He was liberally educated and 
in 1832 was commissioned brigadier general of the Illinois militia during 
the Black Hawk war. He was the first member of the general assembly 
from his county and was the first justice of the peace of Williamson 
county. During the greater part of his active career General Davis was 
engaged in the general merchandise business at historic old Sarahville, 
which place was named for his daughter, Sarah. He was unusually suc- 
cessful in his various business projects, was an extensive property owner 
and was known as the wealthiest citizen of his county at the time of his 
demise, in 1855. Davis Prairie, in the eastern part of Williamson county 
was named for his father. His wife was Nancy Thompson, a daughter 
of William Thompson, of Kentucky, and his surviving children are Mrs. 
Hosea V. Ferrell and Mrs. Sarah Walker. General Davis was a Democrat 
in his political convictions and as a citizen gave freely of his aid and in- 
fluence in support of all projects for the general welfare. 

ALFRED BROWN, for many years a prominent figure in Alexander 
county, and for the past three years the clerk and recorder of the Circuit 
court of his county, is a scion of the family of Browns which was es- 
tablished in Southern Illinois in the early part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury by David Brown, the paternal grandfather of our subject. 

David Brown was born in Roan county, North Carolina, December 14, 
1804, and came with his parents to Union county, Illinois, about 1809. 
In 1838 he wisely homesteaded a valuable tract of farm and timber land 
in Alexander county from the Government, upon which he settled and 
passed the remainder of his life, passing away February 2, 1865. Early 
in life he was married to Rebecca Ellis, who was born in Pennsylvania, 
May 15, 1810, and who came with her parents to settle in Illinois about 
1818. David and Rebecca Brown were the parents of thirteen children, 
named as follows: Minerva, George, Matilda, Martin (who was the father 
of Alfred Brown of whom we write), John, William, Catherine, Caro- 
line, Andrew J., Benjamin F., Martha, Elizabeth and Henry. 

Martin Brown was born near Anna, Union county, Illinois, Septem- 
ber 9, 1834. From 1838 his life was passed within the confines of Alex- 
' ander county, and his activities in the farming industry were limited to 
the neighborhood of Thebes. He was wedded, April 30, 1854, to Eliza- 
beth Durham, a daughter of John A. Durham, also an esteemed citizen 
and pioneer of that vicinity. Mr. Brown passed away in the year 1905, 
and it was less than two years later that his life partner followed him. 
They were the parents of eight sons and daughters, named as follows: 
Alfred, William. Martha. Mary, Henry, Ulysses S., Martin and Thomas. 

The minor years of Alfred Brown were passed in the same quiet man- 
ner which characterized the life of his ancestors. He was indebted to 
the district schools of his community for his education. At the age of 
twenty years he abandoned the old homestead to the younger members of 
the family and launched out into the timber and saw-mill business. Eight 
years of his life were devoted to this work in his home town, and in 1889 
he went to Cairo, Illinois, where he was engaged for three years as pro- 
prietor of a hotel. He was then appointed deputy sheriff and jailor of 
Alexander county, and served throughout a term. Following that he 
once more turned his attention to the mill and lumber business, and for 
several years was thus employed. 

The next change in Mr. Brown's somewhat varied career came when 
vol. m a 



1166 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

he was elected to the office of circuit clerk and recorder of his county. He 
secured the Republican nomination against odds of three to one and was 
elected in 1908. Mr. Brown has served with all efficiency thus far, and 
his splendid record is a source of much pride to his friends and his con- 
stituency in general. 

Mr. Brown was married on December 21, 1879, to Miss Zorayda Irvin, 
a daughter of Joseph Irvin, of Raleigh, Saline county, Illinois. 

WILLIAM A. WILSON is a noble illustration of what independence, 
self -faith and persistency can accomplish in America. He is a self-made 
man in the most significant sense of the word, for no one helped him in 
a financial way and he is self educated. As a youth he was strong, vigor- 
ous and self-reliant. He trusted in his own ability and did things single- 
handed and alone. Today he stands supreme as a successful business 
man and a loyal and public-spirited citizen. Most of his attention has 
been devoted to mining enterprises and at the present time he is general 
manager of the Wilson Brothers Coal Company, of Sparta. He is a very 
religious man and for three years was wholly engaged in evangelistic 
work in Iowa, and then for about three years in his native land of Scot- 
land. 

, In Lanarkshire, Scotland, on the 9th of June, 1863, occurred the birth 
of William A. Wilson, whose father, John Wilson, was a coal miner by oc- 
cupation. Early representatives of the Wilson family were from Aber- 
deen, Scotland, and the Allans, maternal ancestors of the subject of this 
review, hailed from near Edinburgh. John Wilson died in Scotland, and 
after his demise his widow followed her children to America. Mrs. Wil- 
son died in Whatcheer, Iowa, and she is survived by five children, con- 
cerning whom the following brief data are here incorporated, John 
is a member of the company of Wilson Brothers, as is also William A., to 
whom this sketch is dedicated ; Agnes is the wife of William Dalziel, of 
Albia, Iowa ; George A., is the third member of the firm of Wilson Broth- 
ers, at Sparta ; and Ann is now Mrs. Lewis Jones, of Renton, Washington. 
William A. Wilson's early education was not even of the high school 
kind. His services as a contributor to the family larder were necessary 
from childhood and he entered the works about the mines where his 
father had been employed at an early age. He left Scotland in 1880, on 
the ship Anchoria, going from Glasgow to New York city, from which 
latter place he proceeded at once to the Carbon Run mines in Bradford 
county, Pennsylvania. He remained in the old Keystone state of the 
Union as a miner for several months and eventually removed west to 
Iowa. He was an integral part of the mining fraternity about Whatcheer, 
Iowa, for the ensuing ten years and he also spent two years at Forbush, 
Iowa. During his stay in Iowa he spent five terms in Oskaloosa College 
and one summer term taking private lessons in Greek. He took an irregu- 
lar course, but his thirst to read the Bible in Greek kept him at that study 
all the time. Leaving that commonwealth, he also left the craft for some 
three years and returned to his native land as an evangelist, here carry- 
ing on a spiritual crusade among his fellow workmen in the cause of the 
gospel. Almost immediately after his return to America he went to Kan- 
sas City, Missouri, where he was superintendent of the Baker & Lock- 
wood Tent & Awning Company for a time, and in Kansas City he also at- 
tended Brown 's Business College at nights for some time. From there he 
removed to Sparta in 1899. He has been connected in some capacity with 
the coal-mining industry here since his advent in Illinois and was official 
mine inspector of Randolph county, in which position he served two 
years. While so doing he was invited to make an inspection report to the 
president of the Eden Mine Company. This report resulted in his leasing 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1167 

and putting the Eden mine property in shape for operation, its ultimate 
sale to the Willis Coal & Mining Company and subsequent lease from 
them to the Wilson Brothers to operate the mine. 

Although this is one of the leading properties in this region of coal 
mining, and while Mr. Wilson and his brothers have been identified with 
its operation since 1906, he opened Mine No. 4 for the Illinois Fuel Com- 
pany and also opened the Moffat mine of Sparta. The mining of coal has 
been Mr. Wilson's lot from childhood and few years of his career since 
attaining his majority has he devoted himself to other work. 

Mr. Wilson was married in Whatcheer, Iowa, in November, 1890, to 
Miss Christina Moffat, a daughter of John Moffat, also from Scotland. 
The issue of this marriage are : Christine, a graduate of the Sparta high 
school and a teacher in the public schools of Randolph county ; and Eliza- 
beth, Prank, William and John, all of whom remain at the parental home. 

Mr. Wilson's life, as already seen, has been devoted to industry and 
few matters outside of those affecting his family or his craft have at- 
tracted him. His politics are severely independent and his public serv- 
ice has consisted alone in his work as a member of the Sparta council one 
term, during which the saloons made their exit from the community. He 
is one of the congregation of Gospel Hall and occasionally supplies the 
pulpit there. Since returning from his evangelistic work in Scotland Mr. 
Wilson's activity as a minister has been only occasional when he takes a 
holiday. He is a man of broad and noble principle and his life has been 
exemplary in every respect. 

Since coming to Sparta he pursued a course in mining in the I. C. 
Schools of Scranton, Pennsylvania. At the urgent request of a St. 
Louis company, he went to Arkansas to manage its property, but re- 
turned broken in health. John Mitchel, when president of the U. M. W. 
of A., sent a special delegate from the Indianapolis convention requesting 
him to work for the U. M. W. of A., either in West Virginia or Illinois, 
saying : ' ' We get more out of the operators when they recognize our man 
to be fair minded." Mr. Wilson loves home too much to enter on such 
work, and refused the very liberal offer. He formed this resolution early 
in life, ' ' Never be idle, ' ' and when not engaged manually, he is mentally. 

HENRY M. SMITH. Long and faithful service of the most unselfish and 
high-minded order marked the career of the late H. M. Smith, prominent 
. in the political and other activities of Pulaski county for forty years, and 
a resident of the state of Illinois since he was a lad of ten until the time 
of his death, which occurred in 1898. Never a politician, but always 
deeply interested in the best welfare of the Republican party, whose ad- 
herent he was, he was called by the people to fill various important offices 
within their gift, and as the incumbent of those offices he labored honestly 
and with a singleness of purpose which proved him to be a man of in- 
trinsic worth, well fitted to be employed in the services of the community 
in which he lived and moved. 

Judge Smith was born in Newberry District, South Carolina, May 3, 
1820. He was the son of Daniel Lee Smith, a native of Virginia, who 
settled in South Carolina in early life and there married Elizabeth Hamp- 
ton. They came to Illinois in 1830, located in Pulaski county, where 
Daniel L. Smith opened a farm. His death occurred in 1857, one year 
previous to the death of his wife. They reared a family of five children : 
Eliza J., who married John Carnes; Elizabeth, who became the wife of 
William Carnes; H. M., of this review; James G., and Julia, who died as 
the wife of Dow Smith. 

As a boy and youth, H. M. Smith acquired a passing fair education 
in the schools of Pulaski county, and between seasons of schooling was his 



1168 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

father's assistant on the farm until 1842, when he entered the employ of 
Captain Hughes, continuing thus for two years at Lower Caledonia. In 
1844, when he was just twenty-four years of age, he was elected sheriff 
of Pulaski county on the Democratic ticket and served four years in that 
office. In 1852 he was returned to fill the position of county judge, but 
after one year of service he resigned and began the study of law in the 
offices of Hon. John Dougherty and in 1857 was admitted to the bar in 
Caledonia. He immediately entered upon the practice of the law, and 
was more or less identified with the profession in the capacity of attor- 
ney for the remainder of his life. In 1860 he was elected circuit clerk and 
so well did he conduct the affairs of that office that he was retained until 
1868, after which he led the life of a private citizen for four years, intent 
upon the practice of his profession. In 1872 Judge Smith was chosen 
state 's attorney for the county and served in that important capacity for 
a period of four years. Then followed another brief term of official inac- 
tivity covering three years, when he was again chosen by the voters of 
Pulaski county for the office of county judge, and he filled that office by 
successive elections until 1886, when he severed his connection with pub- 
lic life and retired to his store and other private interests. During all 
the years of his political activity Judge Smith had been conducting a 
store in Olmstead ; or it might be more correct to say that while he was 
connected with public affairs his wife managed the store, thus relieving 
him of a deal of responsibility that must otherwise have been a drag upon 
him, and rendered less efficient his wholly worthy service. Although 
Judge Smith began his political career as a supporter of the Democratic 
cause, the issues of the Civil war period caused him to transfer his al- 
legiance to the Republican party, and he was the faithful supporter of 
that party throughout the remainder of his life. Although he filled 
many important offices in his day, Judge Smith was never an office 
seeker. It is an undeniable fact that he never made a canvass in his own 
behalf, never contributed toward a fund to influence votes for any can- 
didate, and that when he was a candidate he remained in his office 
throughout the campaign and accepted the result of the election as the 
sincere expression of the wish of the people. He was ever an independent 
and conscientious man, and his attitude towards any subject was ever 
consistent with his naturally high-minded and honorable instincts. He 
belonged to no church, and never identified himself with any society or 
organization save the Masons, being a member of Caledonia Lodge, No. 
47. 

Four times did Judge Smith enter upon matrimony. His first wife 
was Lucinda Wogan, who left one son. His second wife, Sarah Burton, 
bore him a son and daughter : Hulda E., who married Thomas Smalley 
and is a resident of Springfield, Missouri ; and Lucius C., who married 
Hester Magee, and is now deceased, leaving a family. The third wife of 
Judge Smith was Elizabeth Barber, who died without issue, and in June 
of 1861 he married Mrs. Sarah Little. She was a daughter of Isaac K. 
Swain, a native of Virginia, who was the son of Dr. Chas. Swain. Dr. 
Swain later moved to Kentucky as a pioneer of that section and died in 
Ballard county. Isaac K. Swain married Lucy Henderson, a North Caro- 
lina lady, who pased away in Ballard county, Kentucky, as did her hus- 
band. Mrs. Smith was born in Ballard county, Kentucky, in 1834, on Oc- 
tober 16th, and is the oldest child of her parents, the others being: Jo- 
seph and Jeremiah, who died in their youth ; Isaac N., who at his death 
left one son; Judson K. resides at Herington, Kansas; Calista married 
James White; Mildred married Russell B. Griffin and died leaving one 
daughter ; Lucy, the wife of Raymond Griffin, deputy county surveyor of 
Pulaski county; and Marion C. Swain, living in Mississippi. Mrs. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1169 

Smith's first husband was John Muffet, by whom she is the mother of 
Betty, the wife of Malcolm McDonald, of Enid, Oklahoma. As the wife 
of Judge Smith she was the mother of four children. They are : H. M., 
who died in 1902 ; Sarah, who passed away in childhood ; Belle, the wife 
of George Bullock, of Marston, Missouri, and Myra, the wife of James 
Ray Weaver, of Mounds, Illinois. 

HON. PRANK C. MESERVE, at one time county judge of Lawrence 
county, is one of the leading Democratic politicians of Southern Illinois. 
His father, Clement Meserve, of New Hampshire, was for many years a 
contractor by profession. Late in life he took up the study of law and 
was admitted to the Massachusetts bar. Here he practiced until his 
death, in April, 1891, living to see realized his fond hope that his eldest 
son would follow him in the legal profession. Clement Meserve was mar- 
ried in his young manhood to Miss Nancy Colburn, of Massachusetts, and 
five children were born to them. She died in 1869, and some years later 
Mr. Meserve married a widow, Mrs. Sarah Hayes, a native of Massa- 
chusetts. No children were born of this union. Mr. Meserve was a con- 
servative Democrat, giving consistent service to the party and holding 
various offices during his lifetime. He was postmaster of his home town 
for some years, and represented his district for two consecutive terms in 
the Massachusetts legislature. The family was reared in the Methodist 
church, and most of them have ever continued in affiliation with the faith 
in which they were early trained. 

Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Clement Meserve, of which 
number Frank C. was the third in order of birth. He was born in Hop- 
kinton, Massachusetts, on July 2, 1856. After attending the elementary 
schools of Hopkinton he was sent to Boston University, where he en- 
tered the College of Liberal Arts and was graduated from that institution 
in the class of 1877. He taught in the high school of Mendon, Massa- 
chusetts, and in his home town before entering his father's law office to> 
begin his study of that profession. In 1879 he left Massachusetts for Illi- 
nois, settled in Robinson and devoted himself to reading law in the office 
of Callahan & Jones. In 1880 he was admitted to the bar, coming at 
once to Lawrenceville, where in June of that same year he began active 
practice. Almost at once he formed a partnership with George Huffman, 
which partnership continued until Mr. Huffman was forced to go to 
Florida in search of health. In 1894 the business relations were resumed 
and lasted for the several years following before the final dissolution 
was brought about. 

In 1881 the firm of Meserve & Huffman purchased the Democratic 
Herald, the leading Democratic organ of Lawrenceville, and conducted 
its publication until 1888. During these seven years Mr. Meserve acted 
as editor and business manager for the paper. Since that time the publi- 
cation has been discontinued. In 1890 Mr. Meserve was elected county 
judge. From 1886 to 1890 and from 1902 to 1906 he served as master in 
chancery and for a number of years he was a prominent member of the 
Democratic central committee of his county, attending several state con- 
ventions as the delegate of his party. 

Mr. Meserve, like many another successful business man, is a member 
of several fraternal orders. Among them is the Masonic fraternity, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of 
America. 

On the 15th of November, 1888, Mr. Meserve was united in marriage 
with Rosma B. Roberts, the daughter of T. W. Roberts, who was, prior to 
his death, a prominent and popular merchant of Lawrenceville. 



1170 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

CHARLES C. BURTON. A man of literary tastes and talents, possessing 
good business and executive ability, Charles C. Burton is an esteemed and 
popular citizen of Belle Rive, and as editor and proprietor of the Belle 
Rive Enterprise is doing much toward promoting the highest interests of 
the community in which he lives. Coming on both sides of the house of 
excellent New England ancestry, he was born February 6, 1879, on a New 
Hampshire farm. 

His father, William Burton, also a native of the Granite state, was 
born in 1840, and died in 1906. He was a farmer by occupation, but was 
for many years identified with military affairs, during the Civil war 
serving in both the army and the navy, being first in the Seventh New 
York Volunteer Infantry and later in the Eleventh New Jersey Volun- 
teer Infantry, and on board the gunboat "Anderson." After the close 
of the conflict he enlisted in the regular service, and served in the Sixth 
United States Cavalry for fifteen years, when he was retired as a cap- 
tain. Two of his brothers and two of his wife 's brothers also served in 
the Civil war, and of those four soldiers three lost their lives at Gettys- 
burg and one at the battle of Antietam. William Burton married Ellen 
Campbell, a daughter of John Campbell, who served in the Revolutionary 
war as an officer, and subsequently migrated from his native state, Massa- 
chusetts, to New Hampshire. Three children were born of their union, 
as follows : Charles C., with whom this sketch is chiefly concerned ; Wil- 
liam, deceased ; and Emma, deceased. 

Brought up in New Hampshire, Charles C. Burton attended the pub- 
lic schools and in a country office learned the printer's trade. At the age 
of sixteen years he made his way to Boston, where he followed his trade 
two years. Going from there to Buffalo, New York, Mr. Burton was in 
the employ of the Buffalo Courier Company for four years. Again mov- 
ing westward, he went to Missouri, and until coming to Belle Rive was a 
resident of Saint Louis. Imbued with the same patriotic ardor and zeal 
that animated his father and his Grandfather Campbell, he enlisted for 
service at the first call for troops for the Spanish- American war, and for 
eleven months served in the Eighth Massachusetts Hospital Corps. In 
June, 1911, Mr. Burton, who is an expert journalist, established the Belle 
Rive Enterprise, an eight page, five-column, sheet, bright, interesting, 
clean and newsy, which has already a large local circulation, and a most 
liberal advertising patronage. Mr. Burton has without doubt one of the 
best job printing establishments in Jefferson county, and in addition to 
doing much local work is well patronized by people from Mount Vernon 
and other cities who desire a neat, attractive and accurate job of print- 
ing done. 

Mr. Burton married, January 22, 1908, Edna F. Gerdom, of Saint 
Louis, Missouri, and they have one chilB, Charles E. Burton, born Feb- 
ruary 6, 1910. 

CARROLL MOORE. Among the men to whom Southern Illinois may 
look for the prosperity that blesses the region there is a man who for 
many years has served the community by guiding and supporting the 
business interests of this part of the state, and in his capacity of banker 
and capitalist has ever yielded the most active personal and financial 
support to every enterprise advanced for the public interest. He has 
seen the country pass through panics and hard times; he has watched 
the growth of the early agricultural district into a still more fruitful 
farming region and into one of the most progressive business sections 
in the state ; and he has ever lent his wisdom and grasp of complicated 
situations to the building up of stable institutions and the management 
of affairs. 



OF ME 
OF 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1171 

Carroll Moore was born in Franklin county, Illinois, on the 1st of 
September, 1837, whither his parents had come three years before. His 
father and mother, Joseph and Mary Moore, both natives of Tennessee, 
came to Illinois in 1834 and camped for a time on the banks of Jordan 
fort until they were able to take up a tract of land for cultivation. 
When they got their homestead it was heavily timbered. With typical 
Moore energy and enthusiasm, they cleared their acreage and continued 
to manage their farm well. They made their permanent home in the 
county, and lived here all their remaining lives. Joseph Moore passed 
away in 1848. He was the son of Thomas Moore, another early settler 
in this region, who also took out land in Franklin county in the year 
1834, and spent the remainder of his days on a farm. Joseph Moore 
had a most valorous record for service during the Black Hawk war, one 
of the most interesting and thrilling pages in the history of Illinois. 

Carroll Moore, the immediate subject of this short personal record, 
spent his early life on his parents' homestead and received his educa- 
tion at the common schools of the county. He was still a school-boy at 
the breaking out of the Civil war, but though young he had a man's en- 
thusiasm and interest in the cause, and in 1861 he helped to raise a com- 
pany Company I of the Thirty-first Illinois Infantry, and was sub- 
sequently elected its captain and served in the Union army until Jan- 
uary, 1865. He was in a great many serious engagements and many 
times distinguished himself as a commanding officer. He was present 
at Belmont, Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, and led his company through- 
out the Vicksburg and Atlanta campaigns and was with Sherman on that 
never-to-be-forgotten march from Atlanta to the sea. On the 22d of 
July, 1864, during a serious encounter at Atlanta, Georgia, Captain 
Moore was wounded, but he continued to hold his place in the service, 
not even leaving his command to go to the hospital. At the close of the 
war he returned to Illinois and started life on a little farm; but that 
he left in the fall of 1865 to become deputy internal revenue assessor, 
and in this capacity he served the Federal government until his elec- 
tion, in 1870, to the office of sheriff. As sheriff Mr. Moore served two 
years, meantime buying a great deal of land. In 1873 he decided to 
enter the mercantile field and accordingly went into the dry-goods bus- 
iness with W. R. Ward as partner, and continued to be so engaged until 
1875, when he and his partner started the Ward and Moore Bank, the 
first bank to be established in the country, and the only monetary in- 
stitution of its kind here for twenty years. 

In January, 1898, Mr. Moore and his associate organized the Benton 
State Bank, Mr. W. R. Ward being elected its president and Mr. Moore 
its vice-president. The bank has since become known as the strongest 
and most reliable financial institution in this part of the state. Mr. 
Moore has since become its president. The institution is capitalized 
at fifty thousand dollars and has a surplus of sixty thousand. Its aver- 
age yearly deposits amount to four hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 
' In 1863 Mr. Moore was united in marriage to Miss Narcissa Layman, 
daughter of John D. Layman, one of the early stalwart pioneers of 
Franklin county. She passed away three years later, in 1866, survived 
by one child, William E. Moore, now a prominent merchant of Benton, 
Illinois. In 1873 Mr. Moore was again united in marriage, his bride 
being Miss Dora Snyder, the daughter of Solomon Snyder, one of the 
earliest and best-known settlers in Franklin county, Illinois. It is in- 
teresting to note that when Mr. Snyder first came to Franklin county 
it was still a virgin wilderness and almost, unpopulated save for the rem- 
nants of the Indian tribes that had formerly held sway. He made a 
business of buying and dressing hogs, selling them at two dollars and a 



1172 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

half a hundred pounds. His daughter, the wife of Carroll Moore, died 
in 1893. She was the mother of the following children : Mary Moore, 
who became the wife of W. W. Williams, a well-known attorney and 
mining man ; Harry, now prosperously engaged in the mining business ; 
Grace, bookkeeper in the Benton State Bank ; and Cicel, single, is in the 
Christian College in Missouri, class of 1912. In 1898 was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Moore to Helen A. Hickman, daughter of Dr. Z. Hick- 
man, one of the most successful and trusted physicians of the county. 
To this union have been born two children, Madge and Carroll. Both 
are attending school. Mrs. Moore is a member of the Baptist church, and 
her husband is an active member of the Christian denomination. 

It is interesting to note that Mr. Moore has been a member of the 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons for over forty-five years and is a 
chapter Mason. He is also a member of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks and of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Politically he has all his life been an influential member of the Repub- 
lican party, lending his energy gladly to forward the interests of the party 
he thinks most dedicated to the general welfare. He served a term of 
four years on the state board of equalization, and was one of the com- 
missioners that placed the monuments on the soldiers' graves in the 
National Cemetery at Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

Mr. Moore at present devotes the greater part of his time to his 
extensive farming interests, for he is keenly interested in the future 
of scientific farming in Illinois. He is not only one of the wealthiest 
but one of the best liked and most public spirited citizens in Franklin 
county, and his name has been associated with almost every large un- 
dertaking that has led to the betterment of conditions in this region 
for over forty years. 

ABEAM G. GORDON is eminently deserving of recognition and represen- 
tation among the men who have been strongly instrumental in promoting 
the welfare of Chester, Illinois, where he is a senior member of the bar. 
The son of a family of ancient lineage and high birth, he has faithfully 
upheld the traditions of his house, and the name of Gordon is as bright 
and untarnished today as it was in the days of Richard of Gordon, Lord 
of the Barony of Gordon in the Merse, midway of the twelfth century. 
The family has ever been one of strong purpose, dominant will and high- 
est integrity. The father of Abram G. Gordon is but another of the 
many illustrious examples of the strength and power which are the 
glowing attributes of the name of Gordon. The founder of the church 
of the Free Will Baptists and ever the ardent and faithful disciple of 
the church of his organization, he has done more for the religious and 
spiritual growth and the broadening of Christian charity in the hearts 
and minds of the people who came within the sphere of his influence than 
any other man in Southern Illinois. As the son of his father, Abram 
Gordon has been as active in a busines way and in the developing of the 
material resources of Chester as was that parent in the development 
of the spiritual life of this section of the state. 

Abram G. Gordon is the son of Rev. Henry and Nancy (Hill) Gordon, 
and he was born in Randolph county, Illinois, on the 6th of November, 
1849. He was one of the nine children of his parents, the others being: 
Mary ; Rev. George A., who is carrying on the work which his father 
commenced; Henry C., deceased; Parker, a merchant of Ava, Illinois; 
Dr. Noel R., of Springfield. Illinois ; Charles S., in business at Ava, Illi- 
nois ; Edward B., a railroad man of St. Louis ; and Ora C., a merchant 
of Percy, Illinois. The father passed away in 1896, after a long and 
noble life of good works, and his devoted wife survived him until 1905. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1173 

After completing the curriculum of the public schools of his native 
place Abrarn G. Gordon was matriculated as a student in McKendree 
College at Lebanon, Illinois, in which worthy institution he completed 
both the scientific and Latin courses, and in which he also prosecuted 
the study of law. He was duly graduated in 1873, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws, and initiated the active practice of his profession 
in 1874. He is well known as one of the most prominent and able law- 
years in Randolph county, the years telling the tale of an eminently suc- 
cessful career, due to the possession of innate talent along the line of his 
chosen profession. Most of his attention has been devoted to civil 
rather than criminal practice, and a review of the docket of the courts 
of his jurisdiction will show his connection with much of the varied lit- 
igation that has come up within the last thirty years. In addition to 
his law practice he has had time for the development of various business 
projects affecting the welfare of the city, and his part in many of the 
industrial activities of the county has been large and worthy. He as- 
sisted in the promotion of the Grand View Hotel and the knitting mills 
at Chester, and in connection with his son built the Gordon telephone 
system of Chester in 1898. The telephone exchange since then has de- 
veloped extensively and now covers much of Randolph county. It 
has toll lines to Steeleville and Percy and owns the exchanges in those 
places, in addition to which it also owns farmers' lines of its own con- 
struction and gives connection to co-operative rural lines, thus bringing 
the country into close touch with the towns. Various other enterprises 
have also felt his influence and power, all of which has redounded to 
the good of his city and county. 

In politics Mr. Gordon maintains an independent attitude, prefer- 
ring to give his support to men and measures meeting with the ap- 
proval of his judgment, rather than to vote along strictly partisan 
lines. In his religious faith he is a member of the Baptist church, in 
kind with the other members of his family. Fraternally he is affiliated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and is past noble grand 
of that order, as well as having sat in the Grand Lodge of the order in 
Illinois. 

On November 6, 1873, Mr. Gordon was married at Percy, Illinois, to 
Miss Clara J. Short, a daughter of R. J. Short, long a prominent farmer 
in Randolph county. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon have three children : Eugene 
R., manager of the Gordon telephone system at Chester, married Miss 
Agnes Aszmann ; Clarice is the wife of Edward W. Meredith, of Ches- 
ter ; and Florence married B. C. McCloud, also of Chester. 

JULIUS HUEGELY. The milling interests of Nashville, Illinois, are 
very extensive, the city being located in the center of a great agricul- 
tural district, and prominent among those who have identified them- 
selves with this industry may be mentioned Julius Huegely, the young- 
est son of John Huegely, and one of the successors of his venerable 
father in the management of the interprise founded and developed by 
the latter during the thirty-seven years of his active connection with 
Nashville affairs. Julius Huegely was born near the site of the big 
Nashville mill, March 27, 1870. 

John Huegely was born November 11, 1818, in Hassloch, Bavaria, 
Germany, and his parents being in rather humble circumstances, he was 
given only limited educational advantages, and as a lad was forced to 
go out and make his Own way in the world. Mr. Huegely remained in 
his native country until he had reached his majority, and then started 
for the United States, arriving at New Orleans March 9, 1840. Looking 
about for work with which to earn money to enable him to journey 



1174 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

further north, he secured employment at sawing wood, and thus earned 
passage money to Monroe county, Illinois, where he obtained work with 
Mr. Sauers, father of the proprietor of Sauers Milling Company, Evans- 
ville, Illinois. He continued with that gentleman for two years, and 
then entered the employ of Conrad Eisenmayer, who conducted a water 
mill at Red Bud, Illinois, his wages there being twelve dollars per 
month. Subsequently he removed to a farm near Mascoutah, Illinois, 
but soon thereafter engaged with Ph. H. Postel, and continued with 
him until 1853, which year marked the forming of a partnership with 
Ph. H. Reither, they purchasing the saw and grist mill at Nashville. 
In 1860 the old mill was replaced by the present structure, which at 
that time had a capacity of two hundred barrels, and in 1871 Mr. 
Huegely bought his partner's interest and enlarged and remodeled the 
mill from time to time until it is now a modern plant of five hundred 
barrels' capacity. In 1890, feeling that he was entitled to a rest after 
his many years of industrious labor, Mr. Huegely turned over the active 
management of the venture to his sons, John Jr., and Julius, and his 
son-in-law, Theodore L. Reuter, who have since conducted the business. 
The success which attended the efforts of Mr. Huegely in his private 
affairs led the citizens of his community to believe that he would be 
just as able to manage the business of the public, and he served for some 
time as associate judge of Washington county and as delegate to the 
Republican national convention in 1864 which nominated Abraham 
Lincoln for his second term as president. For about sixty-two years 
he has been a consistent member of the Methodist church. Although 
he is in his ninety-fourth year, Mr. Huegely is hale and hearty, in full 
possession of his faculties, and an interested observer of all important 
topics of the times. A self-made man in all that the word implies, he 
has so conducted his affairs that they have helped to build up his com- 
munity, and no man is more highly respected or esteemed. 

Julius Huegely attended the public schools of his native place and 
spent three years in the Central High School and Wesleyan College of 
Warrenton, Missouri, rounding out his preparation for efficient service 
with his father by taking a course in a St. Louis commercial college. His 
connection with the big factory began in 1889, when he came into the 
accounting department, and since the retirement of his father this de- 
partment of the concern has fallen to him, largely, as his portion of 
the responsibilities to be borne by the new regime. 

On August 17, 1904, Mr. Huegely was married in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, to Miss Cora Wehrman, of Champaign, Illinois, daughter of the 
Rev. Charles "Wehrman, a minister of the Methodist church, stationed 
at Ogden, Illinois, and a native son of the Fatherland. Mr. and Mrs. 
Huegely have had two children: Julius Wallace and Charles Russell. 
Mr. Huegely is a director in the First National Bank of Nashville and 
of the Nashville Hospital Association, and is president of the Nashville 
Pressed Brick Company. His political affiliations have been fashioned 
after his elders, and the interests of the Republican party have ever 
claimed his attention. He has served as secretary of the county central 
committee and was a delegate to the Republican national convention of 
1900 which nominated Colonel Roosevelt for President McKinley's sec- 
ond running mate. As a Mason he was worshipful master of the Blue 
Lodge for four years and high priest of the Chapter eight years, repre- 
senting both bodies in the Illinois Grand Lodge during his incumbency 
of the chairs. He is a Knight of Pythias and has clung to the teach- 
ings of his parents in spiritual matters, being a faithful attendant of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. His home is one of the residences in 
the cluster of homes in the atmosphere of the parental domicile, in ac- 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1175 

cordance with the plan of the father in gathering his children about him 
for a happy and contented termination of the parental lives. 

WILLIAM E. BEADEN. The soil of Southern Illinois has perhaps pro- 
duced a greater number of wealthy and influential citizens than any 
other section of similar area and advantages. Randolph county is par- 
ticularly rich in men of that status, and prominent among them all is 
William E. Braden, successful farmer, stock-breeder and lumber dealer 
of Sparta. He was born near Rosborough, Illinois, November 10, 1846, 
and is the son of Moses Braden, who established the Braden family in 
Randolph county in the early forties, and where it has been prominent 
and influential over since. 

The name Braden is Teutonic, and was brought to England by Teu- 
tons, Angles and Saxons. The first mention of Braden in English his- 
tory is in Green's History of the English People in the twelfth century. 
A forest in England was known as the Braden wood. Nothing of note 
is further known than that Bradens were British subjects until the 
seventeenth century, when Cromwell put down a rebellion in Ireland. 
One of the vanquished rebel chiefs, "McG-uire," Petty King of county 
Fermanagh and county Tyrone, was stripped of most of his domain, 
and it was given to Cromwell's brother officers in the English army, 
among whom were Captain Herbert Braden and Captain George Braden. 
Herbert Braden died a bachelor, and the estate became the property 
of Captain George Braden. One of the holders of the estate, supposedly 
Captain George Braden, was created a Baronet, with the title "Sir." 

The name Braden has been spelled a number of ways Braden, 
Braiden, Brading, Breeden, Breden, and even Brayden and Breeding, 
but all these names of Irish ancestry or birth are descendants of Cap- 
tain George Braden, of county Tyrone, Ireland. Between 1840 and 
1850 Sir James Braden, of county Tyrone, Ireland, was a member of 
Parliament. A Braden, an Irishman, was a great Congregational min- 
ister in London, for some years rivaling Doctor Spurgeon, in his day, 
and quite a number of Bradens have become ministers in this country, 
seven having sprung from one family in Pennsylvania, all preaching in 
1863, one being president of Vanderbilt University in 1878, but among 
all of the Braden. ministers none were more prominent or did a greater 
work than Rev. Clark Braden, now near eighty-one years of age, hale 
and hearty, of Carbon, California, who founded and held the presidency 
for some years of Southern Illinois College at Carbondale, which later 
became the Southern Illinois Normal. 

Moses Braden was born in county Donegal, Ireland, in 1818, and 
when nearing his majority, he, having kissed the Blarney Stone, ac- 
companied by a cousin, John Braden, left Ireland and came to America. 
They located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where they found work at 
their trade as weavers. Later they came to Chicago and still later to 
St; Louis, engaging in manual labor of any sort when work at their trade 
might not be found. They finally drifted into Perry county, Illinois, 
where they became attracted by the splendid opportunities offered an 
ambitious man in a farming way, and they settled down to farm life in 
that district. 

The father of Moses Braden, William, and family a son and three 
daughters followed some years later to America and settled in Phila- 
delphia. Pennsylvania. One daughter was married to James Russel, of 
Philadelphia, and the other two to Samuel and John Rogers, both of 
Brooklyn, New York; they all raised families. The son, who was also 
William, died a bachelor about 1871 or 1872. The family to which the 
cousin, John Braden, belonged also came to Philadelphia ; one brother, 



1176 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Oliver, made two trips to Illinois in the '60s to visit him. Descendants 
of both families drifted westward from Pennsylvania to Ohio, and far- 
ther north, south and west. 

In 1844 Moses Braden married Mary Stewart, late from county An- 
trim, Ireland, and he and his wife were the parents of William E., Eliz- 
abeth, who died before mature years; John T., who was married in 
1884 to Maggie J. Telford, who bore two children, Ethel M. and Clinton 
S., and died in 1889, near Sparta; and Sarah J., who became Mrs. J. B. 
Pier, and was the mother of two children, W. R. and C. S., and now 
resides in Sparta, Illinois. Moses Braden passed away near Rosborough, 
November 9, 1853, and his widow followed him July 19, 1871. 

William E. Braden received his principal education in the public 
schools, with two terms in the Sparta High School. He followed the oc- 
cupation of his father, in which he grew up by his own energy and dili- 
gence, and has always maintained an active and profitable interest in 
that pursuit. Later in his agricultural career he became an enthusist 
on the subject of thoroughbred horses and cattle, and in more recent 
years he has devoted his time and attention to those interests. He is 
widely known throughout Southern Illinois as a grain and stock farmer, 
and he is now serving his third term as director in the State Farmers 
Institute from the twenty-fifth congressional district. In addition to 
grain and stock farming he has attained a considerable reputation 
among stock breeders. The breeds he is most interested in are the regis- 
tered Hamiltonian and Percheron horses and Shorthorn cattle. While 
not an importer of registered males, he has bred up a fine strain of 
horses of the bloods mentioned, and his modest herd of Shorthorns show 
pedigrees of Scotch tops from the well known breeders Wilhelm of Ohio, 
and the Harned stock farm of Missouri. Mr. Braden and his sons' estate 
comprises a goodly tract of land near the scenes of his childhood, and 
his place is one of the finest in the state. Mr. Braden and sons are also 
the owners of between two and three thousand acres of land in other 
states, namely, Arkansas, Missouri, Texas, Colorado and North Dakota. 

In 1895 Mr. Braden invested largely in the lumber business in Sparta 
in the interests of his sons, thus establishing them firmly in a splendid 
business. The Schulenberger and Beckler yard in Sparta thus came 
into the possession of the Braden family, and the senior Braden is al- 
most as deeply interested in the manipulation of that business as are 
his sons. Mr. Braden is and has been president of the Cutler Creamery 
and Cheese Company since its organization in 1889, which is about the 
only one of the various plants of that character organized during the 
so-called "creamery age" that is still being operated by the men who 
promoted it, and with E. C. Gemmill as secretary and manager, now a 
heavy stockholder, holding his position since the plant opened for bus- 
iness, they have done a most successful business since they started. Mr. 
Braden 's life record is purely that of a business man. He has not 
permitted politics or its demands to interfere with the operation of his 
business, being interested in the fortunes of the Republican party in 
a merely casual manner. 

On March 23, 1876, Mr. Braden married Jane Smiley, the daughter 
of James Smiley, who was an early settler of Marissa, Illinois, originally 
from Ireland. Mrs. Braden was born in Randolph county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Braden are the parents of Smiley M., of Sparta, interested in busi- 
ness with his father, who married Miss Estella Richie, and they have a 
son, Stanley R., born February 23, 1911 ; Clarence A., a lawyer of East 
St. Louis, married Miss Paiila Dimer. of Champaign, Illinois. January 
17, 1906 ; Anna Mary married Ed. H. Smith, March 22, 1910, and re- 
sides in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and has a daughter, Jane B., born 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1177 

May 6, 1911. The Braden family are affiliated with the Covenanter 
church, of which Reverend W. J. Smiley, a brother-in-law, is pastor. 

The lineal descendants of Captain George Braden, of county Tyrone, 
Ireland, are now scattered over several states New York, Pennsylvania, 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, some in the southern states, and in 
Ontario, Canada. 

CASSIE B. LEWIS. Franklin county, Illinois, shows today some of the 
best-cultivated farming land to be found in the southern part of the 
state, and many of the most successful agriculturists of this section are 
living on land that they have 'developed from a practical wilderness. It 
would be hard for the casual visitor to the vicinity of Sesser to believe 
that the magnificent tract of land comprising the farm of Cassie B. Lewis 
was only a comparatively short time ago a wild waste of prairie, swamp 
and timber, and that the same soil which now yields bounteous crops 
was at that time almost totally unproductive. This, however, is the case, 
and it has been due to the efforts of just such men as Mr. Lewis, most of 
them self-made men, that the county is at present in such a flourishing 
condition. Mr. Lewis is a native of Franklin county, and was born 
January 29, 1855, on his father's farm near Sesser. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Lewis lived and died in South 
Carolina, and little is known of him save that he was a farmer, the 
occupation followed by Mr. Lewis' maternal grandfather, Samuel Ham- 
mond, who was born in Kentucky, and moved to Illinois at an early day, 
the remainder of his life being spent in agricultural pursuits. Two of 
his sons, Sanford and Reuben Hammond, served as soldiers during the 
Civil war, and both died while wearing the blue uniform of the Federal 
army. John B. Lewis was born in South Carolina, and came to Franklin 
county at an early day, securing land from the Government and develop- 
ing it into an excellent farm. A quiet, unassuming man, he never en- 
gaged in public matters, but at his death, in 1895, was known as an ex- 
emplary citizen and skilled farmer. He and his wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Rachel Hammond, died in the faith of the Baptist 
church, of which they had been life-long members. 

Cassie B. Lewis received a common-school education, but did not re- 
ceive many advantages in that line, as the family was in anything but 
prosperous financial circumstances, and the youth 's services were needed 
on the home farm. He remained with his father for a number of years, 
accepting every opportunity that presented itself to make a little extra 
money to add to his earnings, and finally was able to make the first 
payment on a small piece of land. Following the example of the first 
settlers, he cleared and cultivated his little tract, and by industry and 
persistent labor was able from time to time to add to his livestock and 
farming utensils. When he had his first purchase well under cultiva- 
tion he added to it, and the original small property grew from year to 
year until it is now one of the handsome, productive farms of this lo- 
cality, and the poor lad who started out without influential friends or 
financial help is now one of his community's prosperous citizens, owning 
real estate in country and city worth ten thousand dollars, and being 
vice president of the First National Bank of Sesser. Such a career 
must of necessity be encouraging to the poor youth of the present gen- 
eration, and wiil serve as an example of what the man with sufficient 
perseverance can accomplish in spite of all handicaps and discourage- 
ments. 

In 1877 Mr. Lewis was married to Miss Martha Cook, daughter of 
George Cook, a native of Hamilton county, who died during the Civil 
war. Seven children were born to this union : Harley, who was killed 



1178 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

in a mine accident; Elza, who is engaged in mining and farming; 
Arthur, an agriculturist of Franklin county ; Ople, who is in business 
at Sesser ; lea Jennings, who resides at home, and one who died in in- 
fancy. The mother of these children died in 1900, and in 1901 Mr. Lewis 
was married to Mrs. Ellen Browning, daughter of John Maddox, an 
early settler of Franklin county. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis are members of 
the Missionary Baptist church. He belongs to Sesser Lodge, No. 918, 
A. F. & A. M., of which he is secretary. In political matters he is a 
Democrat, and for a number of years acted as justice of the peace. Mr. 
Lewis is one of the self-made men of his _county of whom Illinois is so 
proud, and is respected and esteemed by a wide circle of friends and ac- 
quaintances. 

HARDY M. SWIFT, M. D". The present mayor of Mount Vernon is one 
of those rare beings who find it possible to combine the exacting duties 
of a busy representative of the medical profession with those of an 
active participant in the administration of municipal affairs. Previous 
to his election to the mayoralty, Dr. Swift was prominent in every good 
work calculated to contribute to the betterment of civic conditions, and 
in his profession, in his interests in financial and real estate enterprises 
of the city and county, and his concern for the public welfare he is 
regarded as one of the first men of his city. 

Dr. Hardy M. Swift was born August 29, 1871, in Jefferson county. 
He is the son of James M. Swift, a farmer and merchant of Southern 
Illinois, and the grandson of Alfred Swift, who was a native of Tennes- 
see and one of the pioneer settlers of Jefferson county. James M. Swift 
was reared in Mount Vernon and at one time had a mercantile business at 
Ham's Grove, which later was destroyed by fire, and in his young 
manhood became engaged in the mercantile business on his own responsi- 
bility in Mount Vernon, where he continued for several years, and later 
was associated with a number of prominent firms in this city. He is a 
veteran of the Civil war, having seen active service through the greater 
part of the rebellion as a member of Company A, Twentieth Ilinois In- 
fantry, being transferred later to the One Hundred and Tenth, after 
the Twentieth Illinois has been practically annihilated at Lookout Mount- 
ain and Chickamauga. He participated in the battle of Missionary 
Ridge and also of Chattanooga, and took part in the Atlanta campaign 
and was in the "March to the Sea" with General Sherman, being mus- 
tered out at the close of the conflict at Washington. He married Dru- 
cilla Jane Maxey, the daughter of Charles Hardy Maxey, a prominent 
pioneer settler of Mount Vernon. Charles Hardy Maxey was born in 
Tennessee and moved into Jefferson county in the spring of 1818. He 
was always a prominent figure in Jefferson county, and particularly in 
Mount Vernon, in which place he erected the first building on what is 
now the public square. His sturdy, pioneer life in Jefferson county was 
filled with incidents of peculiar interest. 

Of the union of James M. Swift with Drucilla Jane Maxey, nine 
children were born, eight of whom are now living. They are : Alfred 
Ettis, engaged in the real estate business at Brookings. South Dakota; 
Hardy M., mayor of Mount Vernon and a practicing physician at that 
place ; Mrs. Lulu Gilmore, living in Mount Vernon ; Mrs. Carrie Estella 
Westcott, resident of Mount Vernon ; Bertie May, wife of Fred E. Percy; 
Sarah C., the wife of Hall Anderson, a telegraph operator of McGhee, 
Arkansas; William W., superintendent of streets in Mount Vernon; and 
Alva R., who is engaged in farming in Jefferson county. The father is 
still living in Mount Vernon, aged sixty-eight years. 

Hardy M. Swift as a boy and youth was a regular attendant at the 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1179 

public schools of Mount Vernon. He was graduated from the high school 
of his home town and entered Ewing College. Finishing his course in 
that place, he entered the Physio-Medical College of Chicago in 1891, 
passing two years in close and careful application to his studies there. 
In 1893 he entered Physio-Medical College in Indianapolis, graduating 
therefrom in the spring of 1895, with his well earned degree of M. D. 
He began practice immediately, choosing Opdyke, Illinois, as a point of 
location, and he remained there in active practice for eleven years, re- 
moving in 1906 to Mount Vernon, taking the superintendency of the 
Mount Vernon hospital, which he held until 1908, at which time the hos- 
pital was destroyed by fire. Dr. Swift 'sold his interest in the institu- 
tion and withdrew from the superintendency, becoming absorbed in pri- 
vate practice immediately. Since that time he has conducted an ever- 
growing general practice, and his fortunes have steadily mounted higher 
with the flight of time. Dr. Swift is a holder of considerable real estate 
in Mount Vernon, which includes nine pieces of fine residence property. 
He recently traded a splendid farm of one hundred and sixty acres for 
a prosperous grocery business in Mount Vernon, and his realty holdings 
are steadily increasing. Dr. Swift is also a stock-holder in the Ham 
National Bank, as well as a member of the directorate of that institution. 
Always interested in the correct administration of civic affairs, he has 
been active in municipal circles, although he never was committed to any 
public office until the spring of 1911, when he was elected mayor of 
Mount Vernon on the Democratic ticket, which office he is filing credit- 
ably to himself and his constituents. In his fraternal affiliations he is 
connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of Mount Ver- 
non, the Modern Woodmen and the Court of Honor. As an aid to his 
professional interests, the Doctor is a member of the Jefferson County, 
Southern Illinois, American and Illinois State Medical Associations, be- 
ing prominent and active in all of them. 

In 1894 Dr. Swift married Mary A. Moss, the daughter of T. C. 
Moss, of Mount Vernon. Two children have been born to them ; Harry 
Monroe, a student in the Mount Vernon High School, and Thelma 
Blanche. 

JOHN E. LUPKIN. One of the old and honored residents of Anna, 
Illinois, where for nearly forty years he was engaged in business, is John 
E. Lufkin, proprietor of the Fair View Poultry Farm, and a man who 
has proved himself an honest and reliable citizen in every walk of life. 
He was born in the state of Maine, in 1830, and was twenty years of age 
when he went to Ohio and engaged in railroad work. He came to Anna 
in January, 1853, where he became identified with the Illinois Central 
Railroad as foreman of a construction gang, Anna at that time being a 
cornfield on which were three log houses. Eventually he became em- 
ployed in the train service and was one of the two conductors who took 
the first passenger trains into Cairo, on completion of the I. C. Rail- 
road to that point. His service with the Illinois Central covered a 
period of fourteen years, and he held the position of roadmaster on dif- 
ferent divisions of the road from 1857 to 1867. 

In 1867 Mr. Lufkin gave up railroad work and started a grocery 
store in Anna, being proprietor thereof for many years and attaining 
considerable success. He finaly sold out in 1905, and for four or five 
years was engaged in travel, but eventually returned to Anna and bought 
a farm of forty acres, where he is now engaged in poultry raising. The 
Fair View Poultry Farm is modern in every respect, and Mr. Lufkin 
carries on his operations in a scientific manner, having made a deep 
study of his business. He now has about five hundred Plymouth Rock 



1180 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

chickens and thirty-five turkeys, while his son gives his attention to 
ducks. Although advanced in years, Mr. Lufkin is still actively engaged 
in business, and he makes his home in Anna instead of on his farm. His 
operations have been successful because he has prosecuted them earn- 
estly and in an intelligent manner, and all who have had business deal- 
ings with Mr. Lufkin will testify to his honorable principles. He is 
essentially a self-made man, and the rise of the youth who came to this 
city with but one dollar and fifty cents in his pocket to the prominent 
man of business has been sure and steady. The interests of Anna have 
always been foremost in his mind, and he has done his full share in de- 
veloping the rich resources of this section. 

On December 25, 1856, Mr. Lufkin was married to Chloe Allen Bagg, 
who was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, and to this union the fol- 
lowing children have been born : Harry E., who is now acting as state 
superintendent of Sunday schools in the state of Maine; Adele, who 
married A. J. Nesbitt, a resident of New Mexico ; Virginia, the wife of 
Oliver Alden, living in Anna; Arizona, who married Peter Auten, of 
Princeville, Illinois ; and John E., Jr., part owner of poultry farm, and 
who married Miss Belle Sifford. 

Mr. Lufkin joined the Odd Fellows in 1854, at Murphysboro, Illinois, 
the same night and at the same place that John A. Logan became a 
member of that order. Formerly a Democrat, since the Civil war he has 
acted with the Republican party, but he has never sought public pre- 
ferment, although he is a stanch supporter of his party's principles. 
The family is identified with the Presbyterian church, and Mr. Lufkin 
though never a member of any church, has been liberal in his support of 
religious and charitable movements. 

BENNETT M. MAXEY. Possessed of the rare gift of being able to 
give expression to his ideas of right and wrong and still retain the per- 
sonal friendship of practically every individual who reads his news- 
paper, Bennett M. Maxey is giving the people of Flora, Illinois, and the 
adjacent country a newspaper of which they may well be proud in the 
Flora Journal, the pages of which are filled with clean, clear and concise 
news matter and virile, well-written editorials. While Mr. Maxey is giv- 
ing the greater part of his attention to journalism, he has at various 
times been engaged in business ventures, and now has large real estate 
holdings both in Illinois and Colorado. He is a native of the Prairie 
state, having been born in Wayne county, November 25, 1856, and is 
a son of Joshua C. and Elvira A. (Galbraith) Maxey. 

Bennett Maxey, the grandfather of Bennett M., was a native of 
North Carolina who came to Illinois at a very early date, settling in Jef- 
ferson county, where he took up land from the government. During 
early days in this state he served as an Indian fighter. Agricultural pur- 
suits of an extensive nature claimed his attention during the greater part 
of his life, and when he died he was in comfortable circumstances finan- 
cially. All of his five sons were soldiers in the Union army during the 
Civil war, and Joshua C., father of Bennett M., who had previously 
been a farmer, and who entered the service in 1861, was a member of 
Company I, Forty-eighth Illinois Volunteers at the time he met his 
death, in 1865. He was but thirty-three years of age at the time his death 
occurred. Joshua C. Maxey was born in Jefferson county, Illinois, and 
there educated and reared to agricultural pursuits. He was a faithful 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and politically, up to the 
time of the war, was a Democrat, but subsequently gave his allegiance 
to the Republican party. He married Elvira A. Galbraith, who was 
born in Marion county, Illinois, daughter of Green B. Galbraith. The 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1181 

latter was born in Tennessee and came to Illinois at an early period, 
settling first in Marion and later in Wayne county. He was first an 
agriculturist, but later engaged in the mercantile business at Johnson- 
ville and Odin, and died a prosperous man in the latter city. 

The education of Bennett M. Maxey was secured in the public 
schools of Flora and in the Valparaiso (Indiana) College, from which 
latter he was graduated in 1880. Taking up teaching as a profession, 
he followed that vocation during the next eight years in Clay county, 
becoming widely and favorably known as an educator. At that time 
he decided to enter the mercantile business and accordingly established 
himself as the proprietor of a store at Xenia, where he remained for 
about seven years, during which time the business grew to considerable 
magnitude. At this time Mr. Maxey learned of a business opportunity 
in the West, and went to California, where for the next four years he 
was engaged as a real estate dealer, but in 1892 he located in Flora. 
From that time until 1904 he followed the real estate business and gen- 
eral merchandising, but in the latter year he purchased the Journal, a 
Republican publication forty-two years old and the leading newspaper 
of Clay county. Mr. Maxey 's politics have always been those of the 
Republican party, and he has, no doubt, done a great deal in influencing 
public opinion during campaigns. He is endeavoring to give the reading 
public all that is best in journalism, and if the success that has attended 
his efforts so far is any criterion he has not tried in vain. Alive to 
every important issue of the day, he gives his support to the measures 
which he deems will be best for the country, state or community, and as 
one who has the best interests of the public at heart he has the universal 
respect and esteem of his fellow citizens. Mr. Maxey 's operations have 
been deservedly successful in a financial way, and he has real estate hold- 
ings in Flora and in Colorado. Fraternally he is connected with Flora 
Lodge and Royal Arch Chapter of Masons and with the Knights Tem- 
plar, and has served as junior warden and as secretary of his Chapter. 

On September 7, 1879, Mr. Maxey was united in marriage with Miss 
Rosa Tully, daughter of John Tully, an early settler and agriculturist 
of Marion county. Mr. and Mrs. Maxey are consistent members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and have a wide acquaintance in social 
circles of Flora. 

WILLIAM PERRY WILSON. In the recent death of William P. Wilson, 
Jackson county has suffered a great loss, for it was given to this popular 
citizen of Murphysboro to achieve a place as one of the representative 
members of the bar of his native county, and he was also known as a 
man of marked progressiveness and civic loyalty, in which connection 
it may well be noted, as a matter of evidence, that he was president of 
the Southern Illinois Building and Loan Association, which accom- 
plished a most beneficent work under his able regime. In addition to 
these activities he was the owner of valuable farm property in Jackson 
county and was prominently concerned with various agricultural and 
stock-raising enterprises. 

William Perry Wilson was born in Degonia township, Jackson 
county, Illinois, on the 17th of June, 1879, and was a son of Aaron E. and 
Rachel H. (Donalds) Wilson. Aaron E. Wilson established his home 
in Jackson county many years ago and eventually became one of its rep- 
resentative farmers and stock growers, having developed one of the fine 
landed estates of the county and having been an honored and influential 
citizen of his township. Both he and his wife are yet living, loved and 
respected by the whole community. 

William P. Wilson found his childhood and youth compassed by the 
vol. m 7 



1182 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

benignant surroundings and influences of the home farm and his pre- 
liminary educational advantages were those afforded in the public 
schools. Later he prosecuted a course of study in the Southern Illinois 
Normal University and in preparation for the work of his chosen pro- 
fession he entered the law department of the celebrated University of 
Michigan, at Ann Arbor, in which institution he was graduated as a 
member of the class of 1906 and from which he received his degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. In July of the same year he was admitted to the bar 
of his native state and forthwith opened an office in Murphysboro, where 
he continued to devote himself to the general practice of his profession 
up to the tiiie of his death. In his work his success was on a parity with 
his energy and well recognized ability, and had he lived longer his repu- 
tation would have been even more widespread. He served two years 
as city attorney, but manifested no predilection for political office, 
though he was aligned as a stalwart and effective advocate of the princi- 
ples and policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor. 

Throughout his whole life Mr. Wilson was especially active and 
progressive in the furtherance of civic and material improvements, and 
in this line his influence was noteworthy and emphatic through his con- 
nection with the affairs of the Southern Illinois Building and Loan As- 
sociation, of Murphysboro, the business of which has more than doubled 
under his administration as president, an office of which he was the in- 
cumbent at the time of his death. He was a zealous and valued member 
of the Murphysboro Commercial Association, another of the alert and 
progressive institutions of Jackson county. The valuable landed estate, 
which he owned in his native county, a well-improved tract of one thou- 
sand acres, he devoted to diversified agriculture and to stock-growing. 
Four hundred acres of this property on an average was planted in 
corn, and Mr. Wilson always took a most lively interest in the further- 
ance of the agricultural and stock industries in the county which was 
ever home to him. 

Mr. Wilson was a member of the Jackson County Bar Association, 
of which he was treasurer for several years. He was also affiliated with 
the Knights of Pythias and with the Modern Woodmen of America. 
Both he and his wife were members of the Free Baptist church, in which 
his wife is still active. Mr. Wilson died in Murphysboro, Illinois, on 
the 1st of November, 1911. The funeral services were conducted from 
the Free Will Baptist church, the Knights of Pythias being in charge, 
the burial taking place in Ava, Illinois, where he now rests in the Ever- 
green cemetery. He was only a little over thirty-two years old at the 
time of his death, and one can but wonder what he would have become 
had he lived a few years longer, for his ability was so pronounced that 
every one joined in prophesying for him a brilliant future. 

Mr. Wilson was married on the 4th of September, 1907, to Miss 
Harriett Downen, who likewise was born and reared in Jackson county 
and who is a daughter of Cornelius C. and Elizabeth (Snyder) Downen, 
her father being a representative farmer in the vicinity of the village 
of Campbell Hill, this county. Three children were born of this mar 
riage. namely : Russel A., Rachel A. and Cornelius J. 

EDWARD H. BIBKNER. As postmaster of the village of Oraville, Illi- 
nois, Edward H. Birkner has been identified with the public interests of 
Jackson county for the past two years, but this is not his first public 
office, as prior to his advent here he had been selected to hold other 
positions of trust by the townsmen of the vicinity in which he made his 
home. He has proven a faithful, efficient and courteous official, giving 
to his work the same conscientious regard that has made him successful 



-" V.BRAW 

OF THE 
QOVERSITY OF 




to <* 




HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1183 

as a merchant, and the esteem in which he is universally held is mani- 
fested by the large number of people who are pleased to call him friend. 
Mr. Birkner is a native of Jackson county and has resided here all of his 
life. Like many of the successful merchants of this part of the state, -he 
is the product of the farm, having been born on his father's home- 
stead in Ora township, December 27, 1876, a son of Peter and Emma 
(Meuschke) Birkner. 

Peter Birkner was born September 21, 1844, at Belleville, St. Clair 
county, Illinois, his parents having settled in the St. Clair colony at the 
time of their arrival in this country from Germany. As a youth Peter 
Birkner was reared to habits of frugality and industry, traits which 
make the Germans such excellent citizens, and he was brought up to en- 
gage in agricultural pursuits. In 1861 he accompanied his parents to 
Jackson county, settling in Ora township, and here he was married to 
Miss Emma Meuschke, of Jackson county, and they had three children : 
Amelia, who is deceased ; Annie, who became the wife of Frank Sher- 
mann, a Jackson county agriculturist; and Edward H. After marriage 
Mr. and Mrs. Birkner settled down to clear and cultivate their land, and 
they are still residing in Ora township, and are respected by all who 
know them. They are faithful members of the Lutheran church, and the 
loyalty with which Mr. Birkner has supported Republican principles has 
won him the recognition of his party and caused him to be elected to 
various township offices. 

Edward H. Birkner spent his early life in Ora township, securing 
his education in the common schools, and assisting his father until he 
reached the age of twenty-five. At that time, deciding on a mercantile 
career, he established himself in business at Sato, a little mining town, 
but after three years found that his business had outgrown his field, and 
went to Herrin, where he had better facilities. After three years spent 
at the latter place he came to Oraville, and opened the general merchan- 
dise store which he now owns and operates, and where he does an excellent 
business. Progressive ideas and up-to-date methods have gained him a 
large and lucrative trade, these being associated with a pleasant person- 
ality and straightforward manner of doing business. He has found 
that the best way to gain and hold trade is to be absolutely above-board 
in all of his dealings, and his success may be said to have been caused by 
this policy. In 1909 Mr. Birkner received the appointment to the office 
of postmaster, and, as heretofore mentioned, he has made a highly satis- 
factory official. 

In 1899 Mr. Birkner was married to Dolly Mae Wills, of Ora town- 
ship, daughter of Benjamin "Wills, and four children have been born to 
this union, namely: Vera, Clarence, Marguerite and Lillian. Mr. and 
Mrs. Birkner are members of the Lutheran church, and have many warm 
friends among its congregation. Mr. Birkner holds membership in the 
local lodge of the Modern Woodmen of America. 

WILLJAM F. FERREL.L. Should a search be made throughout the 
length and breadth of Union county no fairer example of the self-made 
man could be found than William F. Ferrell, manufacturer, farmer 
and landowner of Jonesboro. Brought by merest chance, in early 
manhood, in touch with the making of beer keg staves, he seized upon 
this accidental chance as upon an opportunity, mastered the rudiments 
with a thoroughness that has characterized his every action in life, and 
upon this practical knowledge builded his exceptional business career. 
One by one he saw the possibilities as they opened before him, each 
possibility becoming a probability and then a certainty, until eventually 
the poor youth who had begun his business career with absolutely no 



1184 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

education and a capital in cash of one hundred dollars in borrowed 
money has become one of the wealthiest men of his section. 

William F: Ferrell was born on May 30, 1869, at Jonesboro, Illinois, 
and is the son of William and Mary (Tinsley) Ferrell. His father was 
born in Tennessee and came to Union county in 1864, and his mother 
was born in Jonesboro, being the daughter of Isaac Tinsley, who came 
to Union county in 1818 and settled on a farm four miles from Jones- 
boro, on Dutch Creek, his farm comprising land which he entered from 
the Government. He was one of the earliest pioneers of Union county 
and passed an active and useful life in that section. He was born in 
South Carolina in 1798, and passed away on his farm near Jonesboro 
at the venerable age of eighty-two years. He had acquired a farm of 
three hundred and ninety acres, which is now the property of his 
grandson, William Ferrell. 

The son of William and Mary Ferrell was given but scant oppor- 
tunity to secure an education of any sort, in his boyhood attending the 
district schools for only a brief period, and he was not more than a 
mere boy when he secured a chance to go to work for C. F. Myers, of 
Mound City, who was then engaged in making beer keg staves. After 
ten years of service at small wages, only adequate to provide a meagre 
living for himself, the boy left Mr. Myers and, seeing a chance for him 
to accomplish something for himself, he borrowed one hundred dollars 
and bought a car load of staves, thus becoming established in business. 
Four months later his former employer saw fit to buy his youthful 
competitor out, which he proceeded to do, Mr. Ferrell clearing four 
hundred and fifty dollars on the transaction. In 1902 he started buying 
timber for hickory spokes, and this business has grown to such an ex- 
tent that he now ships from fifty-five to sixty cars of spokes each year, 
his dealings in the hickory spoke business alone aggregating twelve 
thousand dollars in 1910. As a side line Mr. Farrell is the buyer for 
the Mutual Wheel Company of Moline, Illinois. In his capacity as 
buyer for this firm he is called upon to exercise his best ability as a 
judge of timber, timber lands and the values of both, and his long ex- 
perience in kindred matters has given him a prestige in timber circles 
that is of very material value to him. 

In addition to his operations in timber and manufacturing, Mr. 
Ferrell runs a truck farm upon his grandfather's old homestead farm 
of three hundred and ninety acres, as previously mentioned, and he has 
a garden and trucking plot of twenty seven and a half acres of valuable 
land in Jonesboro, a two hundred and sixty acre tract on the river, three 
hundred and twenty acres in section 14, township 12, the latter being 
in timber, as well as being the owner of one hundred and twenty acres 
of land heavily timbered in part and the remainder rich in pottery 
clay, the latter of which he ships to some extent. Mr. Ferrell is in- 
tensely interested in White Leghorn chickens, being the possessor of a 
handsome flock of these birds, and it is his expectation to soon enter 
this business extensively with a view to producing eggs for breeding 
purposes. 

During his business career in Jonesboro Mr. Ferrell has gained an 
enviable reputation as a man of the highest integrity and business abil- 
ity, as well as a man of extraordinary foresight in placing investments, 
and a good and public-spirited citizen of Jonesboro. His operations 
have ever' been along strictly legitimate lines, and whatever enterprises 
his good name has been connected with have had the fullest confidence 
of the business men of his community. 

Mr. Ferrell is of the opinion that the popular belief or idea that a 
man is irrevocably handicapped in business life unless he has had the 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1185 

advantages of a generous education, or at least an education of some 
sort, is vastly over-estimated. He cites his own case as an example of 
the contrary view of the matter, and admits that he began business life 
without the ability to even read and write. While he admits that his 
lack of educational training has been a hindrance, and made some of his 
successes come harder than might have been the case had he been better 
equipped along educational lines, still he regards his accomplishments 
as being far removed from failure, and justly. He believes that if a 
man takes firm hold upon the old belief "Where there's a will there's 
a way," he will come very close to realizing the success he might have 
made with the greatest possible educational equipment, and starting life 
as he did, with only his indomitable will to win and his splendid in- 
herent ability to back him in the struggle, Mr. Ferrell has certainly 
demonstrated his proposition in a most thorough manner. 

In 1900 Mr. Ferrell was married to Miss Lela Lewis, a daughter of 
James A. and Anna (McNeely) Lewis, a native of Union county. Four 
children have been born to them, all of whom are under the shelter of 
the parental roof. They are Mabel, Selma, Carl and Lela. 

Louis G. PAVEY. One of Mount Vernon's citizens of whom she 
speaks with great pride is Louis G. Pavey, not only on account of the 
things he has accomplished, but also because of the clean, straightfor- 
ward way in which he has always conducted his business affairs, his 
achievements having been accomplished not by clever trickery in which 
the means was the justification of the ends, or by the juggling with 
finances, but by honest business methods, and by his marked capacity for 
making wise investments. He is now cashier of the Ham National Bank 
of Mount Vernon, and his associations with other financial institutions, 
as a member of their directorates or as one of their officers, are numerous. 
Not only is he interested in financial affairs but he is also connected with 
the commercial world through his interest in one of the leading dry 
goods firms in Mount Vernon. He has labored under the disadvantage 
of having a reputation already made for him and which he was expected 
to sustain, for his father was one of the most prominent men in the state 
of Illinois, and from the brilliancy of mind that all of his children seemed 
to inherit, and which Louis early showed, the whole community would 
have been greatly surprised and disappointed had he not met with 
success. 

The father of Louis G. Pavey was Charles W. Pavey, who was born 
on the 14th of November, 1835, in Highland county, Ohio. He was the 
son of Samuel Pavey and Lucinda Taylor, the latter of whom was a rela- 
tive of Zachary Taylor, one time president of the United States. Charles 
W. Pavey migrated to Southern Illinois in the 'fifties, and went into 
business in Mt. Vernon as a merchant, on the corner now occupied by 
the Odd Fellows building. He conducted this general merchandise busi- 
ness for a number of years and then, when he could no longer resist the 
wave of patriotism that was sweeping over the country, he enlisted in 
the Union army, his commission giving him the rank of second lieuten- 
ant of Company I, of the Eightieth Illinois Regiment. This was the 
beginning of long years of a glorious service, in which the agonizing 
nights and days that he spent as a prisoner and the terrible experiences 
which he had as an active soldier counted as nothing when he thought 
that it was all for the glory of the Stars and Stripes and the uniting of a 
divided country. He was wounded by a shell at the battle of Sand 
Mountain, as a participant in General Strait's famous raid, and was 
picked up by the cavalry of General Forrest and sent to the much dreaded 
Libby prison at Richmond. He underwent the horrors of this pestilent 



1186 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

hole for twenty-three months, part of this time as an occupant of a 
death cell, not knowing at what moment he would be called upon to 
sacrifice his life for his country. One of the many strange incidents that 
happened to him during his life in the army happened at this time. 
When he had enlisted in the army his little sister, to whom he was de- 
voted, gave him a small testament, which he carried with him wherever 
he went, whether for a quiet nap in his tent or for a desperate charge 
against the enemy. Consequently it was with him in old Libhy. As the 
time drew near when he knew he was to be executed he could not bear 
to think of the little volume that was so sacred to him falling into care- 
less hands, so he wrote a message upon the fly-leaf designating its dis- 
posal and asking that it should be sent to his family. On the last night 
of his life, as he thought, the day set for his execution being the mor- 
row, he slipped the testament through the bars of the little window in 
his cell, praying that it would fall into friendly hands. The execution 
did not take place and soon afterwards he was taken from the prison 
upon the evacuation of Richmond, but he was not yet a free man. To 
return to the testament, years afterward while attending a National 
Encampment he met Sergeant Sumner of the Twenty-seventh Michigan 
Regiment, who told him that the highly prized volume had fallen into 
his possession and was one of the treasures of his daughter. Through 
Sergeant Sumner 's influence General Pavey was once again put in pos- 
session of the battered little book, dog-eared and minus one corner which 
had been gnawed off by the prison rats, but the most valuable book in 
the world to its owner. It was returned to him on the 24th of May, 
1900, almost thirty-five years from the time he had last seen it. 

When the siege forced the Confederates to evacuate Richmond our 
young prisoner was removed to Dalton, Georgia, and at last he was ex- 
changed*. While he languished in his small, narrow death cell the horror 
of his condition was increased by the sight of the men outside his tiny 
window working on the coffin intended for him. After his exchange he 
returned to the army, and reported to General Rousseau for duty. The 
General assigned him to a position upon his own staff, and there he re- 
mained until the close of the war. 

After the surrender he returned home and engaged in the general 
merchandise business, following this occupation for twenty years after 
the war, until 1885. To a man who had witnessed such stirring scenes 
it was at first a relief to settle down to the quiet life of a small town 
merchant. But after the novelty had worn off General Pavey began to 
look with longing eyes towards an active public life. Consequently it 
was very willingly that he accepted the office of collector of internal 
revenues for the Cairo district, to which post he was appointed by Pres- 
ident Arthur. He held this position for three years, until President 
Cleveland took up the reins of office. In 1888 he was elected state 
auditor of public accounts, serving for four years. In 1892 he was re- 
nominated, but was defeated with the entire state ticket, his name lead- 
ing the ticket. In 1897 he was appointed by President McKinley, who 
was one of his very close friends, as an examiner in the department of 
justice at Washington. This position he held until 1908, when his 
health began to show the hard strain of his long years of active service, 
and he resigned to return home. 

One of the greatest interests in the life of General Pavey was in the 
various associations of the Veterans of the Civil war. It was one of his 
great pleasures to meet his old comrades and talk over the days they 
had fought side by side. Not content with his loyalty, he served his old 
associates in many executive positions. He was inevitably a member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic post, and for twelve years he was 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1187 

president of the Illinois State Prisoners of War Associations. The high- 
est honor that came to him in this line was one that he held at the time 
of his death, namely, commander of the Southern Illinois Soldiers and 
Sailors Reunion Association. This is the largest reunion association in 
the United States, and the enthusiasm which was shown at their yearly 
meetings was due in no small measure to the influence of their presiding 
officer. During General Pavey's term as auditor he had the additional 
responsibility of being a member of the Examining Board of the com- 
mission governing the United States Mint at Philadelphia. His title of 
"general" came to him through his appointment by Governor Cullom 
of Illinois as brigadier general of the State Militia. 

General Pavey married Isabella Prances Pace, a daughter of Joel 
Pace, Jr., one of the first settlers in Jefferson county. She comes of a 
line of soldiers, for her father was in the war of 1812 and her grand- 
father, Joel Pace, fought through the American Revolution. Mrs. Pavey 
is still living in Mount Vernon, at the old Pace homestead, which formerly 
embraced fifty acres, now within the city limits. The children of this 
marriage numbered five. Eugene M. is living at Aurora, Illinois, hold- 
ing the position of Illinois superintendent of agencies for the Federal 
Life Insurance Company of Chicago. Louis G. is second in age. Neil 
P. is in San Francisco, as representative of the Army and Navy Supply 
Company of New York. He was captain of the local militia and during 
the Spanish-American war served in Cuba. After the evacuation he 
enlisted in the Thirtieth Provisional Regiment, being mustered in at 
Jefferson Barracks as a lieutenant. He served in the Philippines and 
was made commissary of his regiment. Soon afterwards he was ap- 
pointed chief commissary on the staff of Major General Bates. He later 
had an opportunity to go to Japan as a military instructor, but pre- 
ferred to return home. He has traveled extensively, particularly in 
the Central America and South American States, and has shown himself 
to be his father's own son. Mabel S. is the eldest daughter and lives at 
home with her mother. Alice is the wife of John B. Emerson of St. 
Louis, he being manager of the Robert W. Hunt and Company, a firm of 
civil engineers and contractors. The well beloved father of this family 
died at Mount Vernon on the 15th of May, 1910. 

Louis G. Pavey was born on the 19th of October, 1868, at Mount 
Vernon, Illinois. He received his education in the public schools and in 
the high schools of his home town, and then attended the University of 
Illinois. He left his books to assist his father in making his canvass for 
state auditor, acting as his secretary. On the election of his father to 
the above position he was appointed warrant clerk, his duties being to 
audit the warrants and checks drawn upon the state treasury. At the 
close of his service in the auditor's office he went to Rockford, Illinois, 
where he was employed by the Emerson-Talcott Company, a large man- 
ufacturing concern. In association with the Emersons he went from 
Rockford to St. Paul, where they purchased a large creamery plant, 
operating it for one year. Mr. Pavey sold out in 1896 and came to 
Chicago, to enter the Illinois Trust and Savings Bank. He remained 
here till June, 1899, the experience which he gained being invaluable, 
then he came to Mount Vernon and accepted the position of cashier of 
the Ham National Bank. 

This institution is the oldest bank in the county, having been organ- 
ized under the name of Carlin, Cross and Company, in 1869. It was 
soon reorganized as the Mount Vernon National Bank, with Noah John- 
ston as president and C. D. Ham as cashier. In this guise it existed for 
seven or eight years and then was conducted as a private bank until 
1897 by C. D. Ham and Company, Jerry Taylor being president and C. 



1188 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

D. Ham, cashier. At this time it was rechartered and reorganized as 
the Ham National Bank, having as president C. D. Ham, and as cashier, 
Rufus Grant. About 1903 Mr. Grant retired as cashier and Mr. Pavey 
was elected to succeed him. Mr. C. D. Ham died in 1899 and Albert 
Watson was made his successor. The present officers of the bank are : 
Albert Watson, president ; S. B. Ham, vice president ; Louis G. Pavey, 
cashier; C. R. Keller and J. W. Gibson, assistant cashiers. The bank was 
first capitalized at fifty thousand dollars, which was increased in 1905 
to one hundred thousand dollars. The institution has a surplus of fifty 
thousand dollars. 

Mr. Pavey is a director of the following banks: The First National 
Bank of Sesser; The Farmer's Bank of Waltonville; The Ina Bank of 
Ina, Illinois ; Bank of Bonnie, Bonnie, Illinois ; The Security Bank of 
Opdyke, Illinois; The Peoples Bank of Bluford, Illinois; The Farmer's 
and Merchants Bank of Dix, Illinois; The Bank of Divide, at Divide. 
Illinois. He is also president of the People's Bank of Bluford, Illinois, 
and is a member of the firm of Hobbs and Pavey Dry Goods Company 
of Mount Vernon. This long array of responsible positions which Mr. 
Pavey holds speak for themselves. There is no need to call attention to 
his financial ability or his personal integrity. 

General Pavey was a member and trustee of the First Methodist 
church of Mount Vernon, also being one of the trustees. His son has 
followed closely in his father's steps, being likewise a member and stew- 
ard in the same church. The father was interested in the fraternal or- 
ganizations to the extent of being an Odd Fellow, but the son has no 
fraternal affiliations. Louis G. Pavey was married in November, 1901, 
to Martha Ham, daughter of C. D. Ham, with whom he was so closely 
associated in a business way. 

HON. GEORGE PARSONS. A modest, unassuming man, possessing un- 
doubted business ability and judgment, Hon. George Parsons, now serv- 
ing his fourth term as mayor of Cairo, is numbered among the repre- 
sentative citizens of Southern Illinois. The seventh child in succession 
of birth of the nine children of Joseph and Mary (Cram) Parsons, he 
was born in April, 1854, on a farm in Kennebunk, Maine, the old home- 
stead on which he was reared still belonging to the family. 

His early life, like that of many New England boys of his day, was 
one of hardships and struggles, ready money being scarce and wage- 
earning opportunities rare. Hard-working people, with limited means, 
his parents trained their sons and daughters to habits of industry, hon- 
esty, and thrift, and lived to see all of them well settled in life. At the 
age of sixteen years, through the generosity and kindness of a kinsman, 
George Parsons was enabled to prepare for college, and was graduated 
from Bowdoin College, in Brunswick, Maine, with the class of 1876. The 
ensuing fall he entered Comer's Commercial College, in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, and having completed a course of six months in that institution 
accepted a position in the office of Edwin Parsons, of New York city, 
where he remained four and one half years, gaining valuable business 
knowledge and experience. 

Leaving that mart of human activity and commercial strenuosity in 
October, 1881, Mr. Parsons made his way westward to Alexander county, 
Illinois, and soon afterward entered the service of the Cairo Trust Prop- 
erty as bookkeeper, and has since been closely associated with this or- 
ganization, for many years having served most ably and efficiently as 
its managing head. 

A stanch supporter of the principles of the Republican party since 
casting, in 1876, his vote for President Hayes, Mr. Parsons contributes 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1189 

v 

liberally of his time, influence and services towards the advancement of 
his party and the welfare of city, town and state, being ever mindful 
of the interests of the people. In the spring of 1905 he was elected 
mayor of Cairo, and the following November was the choice of the people 
for county commissioner of Alexander county, polling the largest vote 
ever cast for a Republican candidate at a similar election, and in the 
spring of 1907 was honored with a reelection to the mayorship of the 
city. The work of Mr. Parson both as mayor and as commissioner was 
such as to reflect credit upon his administrative abilities. Upwards of 
a million dollars worth of improvements were inaugurated, including a 
good sewerage system, the paving of many streets, the building of cement 
sidewalks, and the improvement of the public highways throughout the 
city and county. For many years Mr. Parsons has been an active mem- 
ber of the National Good Roads Association, which has been influential 
in materially improving the highways, more especially the country 
roads. In the work of improving the roads leading to the National Cem- 
etery in Pulaski county, near Mound City, Mr. Parsons was an active and 
interested worker, having donated to the United States Government the 
right of way from Cache bridge to the cemetery. He also surveyed the 
road, was instrumental in securing an appropriation from the National 
Congress for its building, and in May, 1907, brought the matter before 
the war -department, at Washington, D. C., in such an effective manner 
that during the following summer repairs amounting to five thousand 
dollars were made upon the road. 

In 1908 Mr. Parsons acceded to the wishes of his many friends and 
became a candidate for Congress from the Twenty-fifth congressional 
district of Illinois. The improvement of the internal waterways has 
long been of supreme moment, to the people of Southern Illinois, which 
has a vast frontage on two of the largest rivers of the country, the 
Ohio and the Mississippi, and this improvement has been intelligently 
developed through the indefatigable labors of the various River Im- 
provement Associations, in each of which Mr. Parsons is an active 
member. Largely through his personal influence, in October, 1907, 
President Roosevelt and the Inland Waterways Commission made a trip 
on the Mississippi from Keokuk to Memphis, arriving in Cairo, Illinois, 
in company with a large delegation of governors and other public offi- 
cials on October 3, it being the first visit of a president of the United 
States to the Twenty-fifth congressional district of Illinois. The Presi- 
dent and his companions were most hospitably entertained by Mr. Par- 
sons, who likewise had the distinction, in October, 1909, of entertain- 
ing President Taft and his party on their river journey from Saint Louis 
to New Orleans, an honor which rarely comes to men so far removed 
from the seat of government. 

In November, 1911, the guests aboard the replica of the boat "New 
Orleans," making its centennial trip from Pittsburg to New Orleans, 
were entertained at the home of Mayor Parsons, who extended a public 
invitation to the citizens of Cairo to gather at his house, express their 
interest in the great event being commemorated, and extend a neigh- 
borly greeting to the distinguished party from the head waters of the 
Ohio. On November 30, 1911, another honor fell to the lot of Mayor Par- 
sons, when he had the pleasure of extending his hospitality to Alfred 
Tennyson Dickens, son of Charles Dickens, whose descriptions of Cairo 
after his own visit to this city connects this part of Southern Illinois with 
the writings of the famous English author and novelist. 

Mr. Parsons has been thrice married. He married, first, in Cairo, in 
1882. Ada V. Scarritt, a daughter of Rev. J. A. Scarritt. She passed to 
the life beyond in 1897, leaving one child, Blanche Parsons. Two years 



1190 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

later Mr. Parsons was united in marriage with Isabel Hartley, of New 
York, who passed away in February, 1911. On February 27, 1912, at 
Little Rock, Arkansas, he married Miss Mary Pearl Shields, a native of 
Kentucky. Her father, Charles P. Shields, was at one time professor of 
languages in Bethel College, Russellville, Kentucky. 

CYRUS H. IRVIN, M. D. The technical education of the doctor of med- 
icine avails him but little unless he has laid a foundation for it of 
broad general knowledge and made a careful study of human nature. 
When he took up the practice of medicine Dr. Cyrus H. Irvin brought 
to the profession a mental equipment acquired through a number of 
years spent as an .educator, and with this preparation the mysteries of 
medicine and surgery were quickly mastered, and success was his from 
the beginning of his professional career. Dr. Irvin was born in Jeffer- 
son county, Illinois, October 28, 1878, and is a son of Wilford F. and 
Julia A. (Hughes) Irvin. 

Wilford F. Irvin was born in 1848, in Hamilton county, Illinois, 
a son of Runion Irvin, who spent his life in agricultural pursuits in 
Hamilton and Jefferson counties. Like his father, Wilford F. Irvin 
spent his active years in tilling the soil, and became a successful farmer 
and a well-known Republican politician. His death occurred in 1891. 
His wife, who was born in Ohio in 1859, and who now makes her home 
at Mount Vernon, Illinois, is a daughter of Cyrus S. Hughes, who 
brought his family from Ohio to Illinois in 1861, and for years was 
known all over Southern Illinois as a dealer in live stock. He accumu- 
lated a comfortable fortune during the years of his operations here, 
and retired some time prior to his death. In political matters he was an 
ardent Jacksonian Democrat. 

Cyrus H. Irvin received his preparatory education in the common 
schools of Jefferson county, and in 1899 graduated from Ewing College 
with a certificate which granted him the privilege to teach school. During 
the four terms that followed he acted as a teacher in the public schools, 
in the meantime prosecuting his studies with the ultimate object of 
entering professional life. In 1906 he was graduated from the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, St. Louis, and after spending eight months 
at Dahlgren, Illinois, came to Sesser. A skilled surgeon, he has practically 
a monopoly on all the surgical work done here, and acts in that capacity 
for the Sesser Coal Company. He has been an active and interested 
member of the Southern Illinois, Illinois State and Franklin County 
Medical Societies and the American Medical Association, and acts as 
local correspondent for the county organization. His fraternal con- 
nection is with the local lodge of Odd Fellows. Dr. Irvin has found 
time to engage in politics, and he is recognized as the logical leader 
of the Republican forces in Sesser, where his influence in felt in all 
matters of importance. The old homestead in Jefferson county, which 
was operated for so many years by his father, is now owned by him, and 
in addition he has interested himself in various enterprises of a com- 
mercial nature. Any movement promising to be of benefit to his 
adopted community in any way is sure of his hearty support, and 
worthy movements of a religious and charitable nature find in him an 
enthusiastic and liberal co-worker. 

On December 19, 1906, Dr. Irvin was married to Miss Mary Ger- 
trude Lionberger, daughter of A. J. Lionberger, a native of Jefferson 
county, and now a successful farmer and prominent Republican poli- 
tician of Mount Vernon. One child, Mary Louise, has been born to 
Dr. Irvin and his wife. Mrs. Irvin is a member of the Missionary Bap- 
tist church. 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1191 

COMMODORE MILLS, who owns a large farm in Bond county, Illinois, 
is one of the leading agriculturists in that section of the country. He was 
born in the southern part of Indiana, on the 6th of January, 1863, the son 
of H. E. and Mary E. (Chewning) Mills. Mr. H. E. Mills was a native 
of Indiana and was born on the 5th of February, 1829. Indiana was his 
home state until 1878, when he came to Illinois and located in Bond 
county, northwest of Greenville, where agricultural pursuits engaged 
his attention. At the age of twenty-one he was united in marriage with 
Miss Chewning, of Indiana. To this union nine children were born, Mr. 
Commodore Mills being the sixth child. Mr. Mills spent the later years 
of his life in Greenville, and passed away there on the 18th of February, 
1909. Mrs. Mills was called to the eternal rest in January of 1892. 

The early life of the subject of this sketch was passed in the state of 
Indiana. When he was fourteen years of age the family moved to Bond 
county, Illinois. Until he was twenty he attended school each winter for 
a short time, after the fall farm work was finished. Later he worked on a 
rented farm for a period, but in 1893 he purchased the farm, extending 
over one hundred and ten acres, upon which he now resides. 

On November 1, 1891, Mr. Mills and Miss Stella Billiard, of Bond 
county, the daughter of Jerry and Emily ( Gushing) Hilliard, entered the 
holy bonds of matrimony. To this union six children were born : Helen, 
Blanche, Mildred, Dorothy, Bernice and Isaac. 

Like his father, Mr. Mills places his trust in the Republican party, 
which he has served faithfully for many years. He is affiliated with but 
one fraternal organization, the Modern Woodmen of America. Mr. and 
Mrs. Mills are both devoted attendants of the Baptist church, in which 
they are earnest workers. Mr. Mills takes an active interest in the educa- 
tional affairs of his neighborhood and acts as school director of his dis- 
trict. He is also the director from Central township in the Farmers' 
Institute. He is respected by all who come in contact with him for his 
upright character and loyalty to the loftiest ideals of citizenship. 

JACOB KAREAKER was born in Union county, Illinois, September 30, 
1822, and died at his home in Dongola, Illinois, March 12, 1910. His par- 
ents were North Carolina Germans. His father, Daniel Karraker. was 
born in Cabarrus county, North Carolina, February 8, 1793, and his 
mother, Rachel Blackwelder Karraker, in Rowan county, October 1, 1794. 
They were married May 19, 1818, and left North Carolina on July 28th 
of the same year and located in what was then a wilderness three miles 
east of the present location of Dongola, Illinois. Daniel Karraker was a 
man of strong moral and religious convictions, and his standard was ahead 
of the time in which he lived. 

Jacob Karraker, the subject of this sketch, was born on the farm on 
which his father settled when he came to Illinois. In October, 1848, he 
made profession of religion and joined the Bethany Baptist church. In 
1851 he was made a licensed preacher and in 1855 he was ordained as a 
minister of the Gospel, from which time he continued active in the min- 
istry. He was essentially a pioneer in his field. At a time when the tem- 
perance movement was not popular, he advised total abstinence from in- 
toxicants and set the example himself. He was largely instrumental in 
the organization of many new churches in Southern Illinois. He preached 
to his churches, served as pastor, officiated at marriages and conducted 
funerals without charge and often without compensation. He was a man 
of strong conviction and fixed purpose, a great force for the moral and re- 
ligious uplift of the people among whom he labored. 

On December 8, 1842, Jacob Karraker was married to Miss Mary 
Peeler, whose parents were Christian Peeler and Rachel Brown Peeler, 



1192 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Tennesseeans who migrated to Union county, Illinois, in 1827. The fol- 
lowing were their children : Rachel was married first to Barnabus Penrod 
and after his death to Mr. W. Martin Keller, a retired farmer living near 
Dongola, Illinois. Anna M. is deceased. Malinda married Mr. S. W. 0. 
Head, and both husband and wife are now deceased. William Wilford 
was for twenty-seven years a teacher in the public schools of Union county, 
Illinois, and is now living on his farm near Dongola, Illinois. His wife 
was Miss Sarah Ellen Richardson. David W. was county superintendent 
of schools from 1877 to 1880, state's attorney from 1880 to 1888, state 
senator from 1888 to 1892, an officer and director of a number of banks in 
Southern Illinois and an attorney at law. He lives at Jonesboro, Illinois. 
His wife was Miss Cora Harreld. Lucinda J. is deceased. Henry W. is 
moderator of the Clear Creek Baptist Association and active in the Bap- 
tist Ministry, Dongola, Illinois. His wife was Miss Ina Davis. Julius F. 
is deceased. His wife was Miss Mary Keller. Jacob Calvin is deceased. 
His wife was Miss Nannie Keller. Mary Ellen married Dr. George W. 
Ausbrooks, a practising physician of Dongola, Illinois. 

0. M. KABRAKEE. As president of the First National Bank of Harris- 
burg, 0. M. Karraker is connected with one of the leading financial insti- 
tutions of Saline county, and is performing the duties devolving upon 
him in his responsible position with ability, fidelity and to the eminent 
satisfaction of all concerned. 

The Karraker family was first known west of the Alleghanies in 1818, 
when Daniel Karraker, Mr. Karraker 's great-grandfather, migrated from 
Cabarrus county, North Carolina, to Indiana, settling with his family in 
the wilderness, from which he redeemed a homestead. Subsequently com- 
ing to Illinois, he took up land in Union county, near Dongola, and the 
house which he erected is still standing on the old homestead. He there 
spent the later part of his life, dying at the age of seventy-six years. 

Reverend Jacob Karraker, Mr. Karraker 's grandfather, was a pioneer 
minister of the Missionary Baptist chuch, in which he preached for three 
score years. He was a noted trapper and hunter, and as a young man was 
an expert log roller. He spent his last years in Dongola, Illinois, passing 
away March 12, 1910, aged eighty-seven years, five months and twelve 
days. 

For twenty-six years W. W. Karraker, Mr. Karraker 's father, was 
engaged in professional work, having been well known as a successful and 
popular school teacher. His home during all of that time was on the 
old Karraker homestead in Union county, where he is still living, an hon- 
ored and respected citizen. 

Receiving excellent educational advantages when young, 0. M. Kar- 
raker was graduated from the State Normal School at Carbondale, Illi- 
nois, with the class of 1899. Very soon after receiving his diploma he 
became principal of the Harrisburg High School, a position in which he 
served acceptably for eighteen months. He subsequently became assistant 
cashier of the "First National Bank of Harrisburg, and served as such 
from 1900 until 1906, when he was deservedly promoted to cashier of the 
bank, and January 1, 1912, he became president, an office for which he 
is amply qualified and eminently adapted. Mr. Karraker was reared in 
the Baptist faith, his grandfather, Elder Jacob Karraker, having been 
especially prominent in the affairs of the Bethany Baptist church in 
Union county, which he organized, and in which he served as pastor, 
without pay, for twenty consecutive years. 

CHARLES ROY LAMER. The well established reputation of the Lamer 
family in Union county as fruit growers on a large scale is being carried 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1193 

on in praiseworthy manner by Charles Roy Lamer, of Cobden, Union 
county, Illinois. He, with his brother H. H. Lamer, are among the 
heaviest producers and shippers in Southern Illinois in the fruit line, 
and it is consistent with the spirit of the times that mention be made of 
them in this historical and biographical work. 

Charles Roy Lamer, orchardist and general farmer, was born June 
28, 1875, on the home farm, two and a half miles northwest of Cobden. 
His father was Willis Lamer, a native of Union county, and -his grand- 
father was Jackson Lamer, who came to Union county from North Caro- 
lina in the early history of Illinois and filed on government land in Union 
county. Jackson Lamer prospered, and when he died he left a goodly 
inheritance to his son Willis. Besides his original holdings of four hun- 
dred acres of fine land in Union county, he became the owner of eight 
hundred acres in Pulaski county, of equal or greater acerage value. 
Willis Lamer became wealthy in the fruit growing industry, and was 
one of the first, if not the first, man in Union county to realize the vast 
possibilities of Illinois as a fruit producing country. In 1848 Willis 
Lamer married Prances Lovelace, a native of Johnson county. She was 
born in 1855, and died in 1908, while on a visit to Texas friends. She 
was the mother of three children : H. H., Vivian and Charles Roy. In 
later years Mr. Lamer contracted a second marriage, and two chil- 
dren, Beulah and Essa, were born of that union. 

Charles Roy Lamer was educated in the common schools of Union 
county. Early in life, however, he began farming for himself, starting 
out with one hundred acres of land which came to him from his father 's 
estate. He has since increased this to one hundred and seventy-five 
acres, and the farm is cultivated as follows : Apples, fifty acres, but the 
crop in 1911 was hardly an average yield, netting about twelve hundred 
barrels; peaches, thirty acres, the crop in 1911 being about four thou- 
sand crates, or fifteen hundred bushels; rhubarb, eight acres, the yield 
for 1911 being one thousand packages; asparagus, three acres, the yield 
for 1911 being six hundred packages. In addition to specific fruit grow- 
ing. Mr. Lamer does considerable general farming. He employs four 
regular "hands" and in picking season employs from thirty -five to fifty 
men. Everything on the Lamer farm is done in an up-to-date and pro- 
gressive manner. The latest improved machinery is in evidence there, 
and every labor saving device known to the farming industry is pressed 
into service on this strictly modern farm. Two spraying machines are 
used in the care of the fruit, and every possible precaution taken to 
insure a perfect crop where perfection is possible. In addition to this 
splendid farm Mr. Lamer and his brother H. H., hold the lease of a two 
hundred acre orchard in Jackson county, which is a wonderfully pro- 
ductive affair. In 1911 the crop aggregated eight thousand barrels of 
first class apples, including two thousand barrels of the famous "Wine 
Saps," for which they produced a price of four dollars and fifty cents 
per barrel. 

Mr. Lamer is a member of the A. P. & A. M. Lodge No. 46, in Cobden, 
and of the Chapter at Anna, Illinois, No. 45. Like his father Mr. Lamer 
has been twice married. First to Ella Hardin, November 2, 1896. She 
was a daughter of L. T. Hardin. On July 21, 1908, she passed away, 
leaving her husband and three children, Willis, Fay and Janice. His 
second marriage took place on February 6, 1909, when he married Ellen 
Parrell, of Makanda. 

HERMAX THEODORE BECHTOLD, M. D. To become eminent in any pro- 
fession, or more than ordinarily successful in any calling, requires cer- 
tain qualifications, not all of which are gifts of Nature. Heredity, no 



1194 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

doubt, has a great determining influence, but to become perfectly compe- 
tent and able to meet and overcome competition, there must be persever- 
ance, concentration of energies and practical training. This is as true in 
its application to medical science as to any line of activity. In this con- 
nection may be mentiond one of the leading professional men of St. Clair 
county, Dr. Herman Theodore Bechtold, whose residence and immediate 
field of practice is at O'Fallon. He was born at Belleville, Illinois, No- 
vember 10, 1853, and is a son of Frederick and Eugenia (De Bassomp- 
piere) Bechtold. 

Frederick Bechtold was born at Mainz, Germany, in May, 1819, 
where he was reared in a home of refinement and was afforded educa- 
tional advantages. In 1849 he came to America, and after a short period 
of residence in the city of New York he came to Illinois, locating at 
Belleville. Shortly afterward he pre-empted a claim near St. Paul, Min- 
nesota, and endeavored to clear his land and put it under cultivation, 
but he was totally unused to exposure and had never been trained to 
manual work, and after a trial of three years abandoned the venture. 
He established himself in the furniture and upholstering business at 
Belleville, and through honorable business methods so gained the con- 
fidence of his fellow citizens that at the opening of the Civil war he was 
given an important political position, within the gift of the Republican 
party, being made collector and assessor of what was then the Twelfth 
congressional district of Illinois. In 1866 he embarked in insurance and 
did a large volume of business, subsequent to his death, September 22, 
1894, from an attack of pneumonia, having retired. He was married at 
Brussels, Belgium, to Eugenia A. F. De Bassomppiere, who died July 4, 
1882. She was a daughter of F. George De Bassomppiere, a counselor at 
law and one of the royal ministers to King Leopold. To this union twelve 
children were born, as follows : Eugenia ; Frederick W., who is a banker 
at Bellaire, Michigan; Louis J., who is a. surgeon of note, residing at 
Belleville, Illinois ; Rudolph, who is deceased, was a retired capitalist ; 
Louisa, who is Mrs. M. Fuirer; Eliza, who is Mrs. Adolph Newhoff, re- 
siding at Belleville ; Herman T. ; Adelle, who is the wife of Dr. John 
Massey, of Belleville; Flora and Florian, both of whom are deceased; 
William G., who is a physician at Breese, Illinois ; and Adolph G., who is 
now deceased, was a physician at Freeburg, Illinois. The parents of the 
above family attended the Evangelical church. 

Herman Theodore Bechtold attended the public schools of Belleville 
until 1868, and in the following year entered a drug store at Belleville to 
learn the drug business, but after two years he became a student in Wash- 
ington University, at St. Louis, Missouri, and in 1875 was graduated in 
the St. Louis College of Pharmacy. Returning to Belleville he continued 
in the drug business there until 1877, when he entered seriously upon the 
study of medicine, for which his previous studies had well prepared him, 
and in 1880 he was graduated from the Missouri Medical College. Imme- 
diately afterward he located at O'Fallon and has continued in active 
practice here ever since and has likewise identified himself with the 
leading interests of the place. He is second vice president of the First 
National Bank of O'Fallon and has made large property investments, 
owning a beautiful residence here. 

Dr. Bechtold was married September 13, 1881, to Miss Katie J. 
Pffefer, of Lebanon, Illinois, who died December 6, 1904. His second 
marriage took place on November 17, 1910, to Mrs. Ella Merk Bechtold, 
widow of Dr. Adolph G. Bechtold. Mrs. Bechtold had two children by 
her first marriage. 

In politics Dr. Bechtold is a Republican and at present is serving in 
his third continuous term as president of the board of education, of 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1195 

which he had previously been a member for some years. For a pro- 
longed period he served as a trustee of McKendree College. He is a Ma- 
son of prominence, a Knight Templar, thirty-second degree and a 
Shriner. Dr. Bechtold makes a specialty in his practice of diseases of the 
eye, nose, throat and ear, and the year 1896 he spent traveling in Europe, 
during which time he attended clinics in Germany, the acknowledged 
home of medical scientific knowledge. He is a valued member of the St. 
Clair County Medical Society. 

GEORGE LINZY CREMEENS, M. D. Probably no other profession has 
advanced so rapidly during the last half-century as that of medicine, and 
as this advance still continues the physician who would win success must 
keep abreast of the discoveries and inventions in this prolific field in or- 
der that his patients may have the benefit of the most skilled treatment. 
George Linzy Cremeens, M. D., is one of the members of the Southern Illi- 
nois medical profession who is meeting with exceptional success in his 
work, and is rapidly taking front rank among the physicians of Hamil- 
ton county, his field of endeavor being the village of Dahlgren. Dr. 
Cremeens was born October 16, 1868, in northern Missouri, and is a son 
of Linvill and Jennie (Miller) Cremeens. 

Byrd Cremeens, the grandfather of the Doctor, was probably born in 
Virginia, about 1808, and was married in Ohio, to which state he had 
moved as a young man, to Sophronia White, by whom he had ten chil- 
dren : Linzy, Linvill, William, Anderson, Mose, Stephen. Byrd, Cyrina 
and two daughters whose names have been forgotten. Byrd Cremeens 
was a local Methodist preacher and farmer, and moved his family to 
Franklin county some time during the 'fifties. He later moved to Mercer 
county, Missouri, but a short time thereafter returned to Franklin county, 
and his death occurred about 1878, on his farm, which was situated at 
the foot of the hill west of Macedonia, his widow passing away there in 
1899 or 1900. In political matters he was a Republican. Linvill Cre- 
meens was born in Ohio, and in Franklin county, Illinois, was married 
first to Maria Carlton, who bore him one child, William, who died at 
about the age of fifteen years. In 1861 he enlisted in the Union army 
from Macedonia, Illinois, for service in the Civil war, and served through 
that struggle, after which he went to northern Missouri with his parents 
and was there married to Jennie Miller, who was born in March, 1847. 
near Galliopolis, Ohio, daughter of George and Annie ( Carr) Miller, and 
they had three children, namely : George Linzy ; Annie, who married A. 
P. Proudfit, of Hamilton county, and now lives in Aaronville, Illinois, 
having four children ; and Byrd T., who died young. On his return from 
Missouri, Linvill Cremeens engaged in farming near Macedonia, but at 
the time the Louisville & Nashville Railway was built through he took his 
family to Belle Rive, Jefferson county, where he engaged in the mercan- 
tile business. While thus engaged he began to fit himself to become a 
lawyer, and 'at the time of his death was ready to be admitted to the bar. 
He was a stanch Republican in his political affiliation, and he and his 
wife were members of the Methodist church. 

George Linzy Cremeens worked on his father's farm, which was situ- 
ated about ten miles east of Dahlgren, attending the public schools and 
two select schools, and later becoming a student in the Southern Illinois 
College, Enfield, Illinois, and in the Normal University at Carbondale. 
In 1891 he began to read medicine with Dr. H. E. Hale, now of Mc- 
Leansboro, and for four years attended the medical school at Keokuk, 
Iowa, now Drake University. He was graduated March 5, 1895, and en- 
tered into practice at Springerton, Illinois, but after six years came to 
Dahlgren, where he has continued in active practice to the present time, 



1196 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

with the exception of several months, and his success in a number of seri- 
ous cases has won him the confidence of the people of his community and 
served to increase his practice. 

On September 3, 1891, Dr. Crerneens was united in marriage with Miss 
Lulu Martin, near Belle Prairie, Illinois. She was born in 1876, on a 
farm about two miles west of McLeansboro, and is a daughter of Samuel 
and Mary (Coker) Martin. Three children have been born to Dr. and 
Mrs. Cremeens : Hugh, born in 1892, who died when about one year old ; 
Blythe, born in 1896, who died in infancy ; and Lyle, born in 1900, and 
now attending school. Dr. Cremeens is an adherent of Republican prin- 
ciples, but he has taken only a good citizen's interest in matters of a pub- 
lic nature. He and his wife are consistent members of the Methodist 
church, and very popular in church and social circles of Dahlgren. 

HARDY C. VORIS. Newspaper work is essentially transitory in its na- 
ture. The newspaper article that may be read with the most absorbing 
interest today by thousands is tomorrow forgotten by the eager public, 
as it is then no longer "news" and some more recent event has taken 
its place as the center of public attention for a few brief hours. Con- 
sequently the newspaper article possesses none of the stability of other 
literary effort. Rarely is it kept for general reference except in the files 
of the newspaper office itself. It is read, makes more or less of an im- 
pression for a time, and is then superseded by the next issue and thrown 
aside. To make a permanent impression upon this particularly kaleido- 
scopic field of the world 's work requires something more than mere talent ; 
it requires absolute genius, and the fact that a publisher and editor can 
make a deep and lasting impression upon the public conscience, an im- 
print that influences public opinion and acts as a factor in determining 
the outcome of large issues, shows him to be possessed of that genius. 
Such has been the record of Hardy C. Voris, editor of the Waterloo Re- 
publican, of Waterloo, Illinois, a strong party newspaper which he has 
conducted for the past twenty years. Mr. Voris was born June 21, 1863, 
at Waterloo, a son of Z. J. and Edith (Rogers) Voris, and is descended 
on both sides of the family from ancestors who came to this country at an 
early day and took a prominent part in its development. 

Coert Alberts van voor Hees, the paternal ancestor, resided in front 
of the village Hees, near Ruinen, Holland, prior to 1600; the word 
"voor" meaning "in front of." Steven Coerte Van Voorhees, his son, 
emigrated from Holland to America in 1660, and settled at Platlands, 
Long Island, and since that time various branches of the family have 
spelled the name in different ways, such as Voorhees, Voorhies, Voor- 
heis, Voorhis, Vorhes, Voris, Vorus and Vores, and many have prefixed 
the Van to each of these styles. The original progenitor had three sons, 
one of whom settled in Kentucky, one remained in the East and one 
went to Ohio. The branch of the family with which this article has to 
deal belong to the Kentucky settler, and Senator Voorhees of that state 
belongs also to this line. 

Z. J. Voris, the father of Hardy C., was born in Moredock precinct, 
November 20, 1840, and, reared to agricultural pursuits, has made that 
his life work. He now resides on his ranch at Sheridan, Texas. On 
August 6, 1862, he was married to Miss Edith Rogers, daughter of Dr. 
John and Jane (Hilton) Rogers. Dr. John Rogers was a pioneer phy- 
sician of Monroe county, having come here from New London, Con- 
necticut, where he was born, a son of Rev. Peter Rogers, chaplain and 
one of the life guards of General George Washington. Peter. Rogers 
was descended from Rev. John Rogers, one of the English martyrs, and 
a descendant of Roger of France, who went to England with William 



OF THE 
H5WERSJTY OF ILLISC 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1197 

the Conqueror. Mrs. Edith (Rogers) Voris died in March, 1888, hav- 
ing been the mother of five children, namely: Hardy C. ; Mrs. R. J. 
Williams, a resident of Los Angeles, California; Harry, who is de- 
ceased; Don, who makes his home in St. Louis; and James P., who 
died in infancy. Z. J. Voris was married (second) to Miss Rowena 
Tolin, who survives. They are members of the Baptist church, and Mr. 
Voris is a Republican in his political views. 

Hardy C. Voris spent his early life on his father's farm, and his 
education was secured in the public schools, he being a member of the 
first graduating class of Waterloo High School, in June, 1879. While 
attending school he was engaged in work in a printing office, thus learn- 
ing the trade, and after he had taught school for a period covering six 
years he again went back to that occupation, which he followed in 
various fields. In 1890, recognizing the need and opportunity for a 
Republican newspaper in Monroe county, -he purchased the old 
Advocate, at Waterloo, and on January 1st began the publication of 
the Republican, this being the first time the paper had changed hands 
since its inception in 1858. When the Republican first entered the 
field Monroe county was an almost invincible Democratic stronghold, 
but now it invariably shows a Republican majority, and while it will 
not be said that this change in political affairs has been brought about 
solely through the influence of this sheet, it may be truly stated that 
no other journal has accomplished so much for the ' ' Grand Old Party ' ' 
in this section during this time. A born newspaper man, Mr. Voris has 
given his readers a clean, reliable periodical, and that his efforts have 
been appreciated has been shown by the enormous increase in circulation 
which the paper has enjoyed and the confidence placed in the prin- 
ciples it advocates. An interesting object in the offices of the news- 
paper here is the oldest press in Southern Illinois, which is still doing 
yeoman duty as a proof press. 

On October 27, 1890, Mr. Voris was married to Miss Lethe M. Brey, 
daughter of the late Judge Paul C. and Sophie (Durfee) Brey, and 
two children have been born to this union: Lucile and Bryant. Mr. 
Voris' untiring work in behalf of Republican policies was recognized 
by his appointment to the office of postmaster of Waterloo, a position 
which he held for thirteen years, and during his administration he 
was the prime mover in securing the installation of the rural free 
delivery service here. Since 1905 he has served as president of the 
school board, and has shown himself a capable and conscientious public 
official. 

ALLEN F. CALVIN. It is fitting that in these biographical memoirs of 
the men of Southern Illinois the name of Allen F. Calvin, of Newton, Illi- 
nois, should have a place, for he has by his enterprise and his progressive 
methods contributed in a very material way to the industrial and com- 
mercial advancement not only of Newton, but also of the surrounding 
section. He is a splendid example of that typically American product 
the self-made man, for he was not born with the proverbial silver spoon 
in his mouth, but to the contrary has had to battle with life from his boy- 
hood. He has had an honorable and successful business career, and has 
been a dominant factor in some of the most important enterprises in New- 
ton. As a business man his ability is undoubted, and particularly is this 
true in the field of finance. 

Allen F. Calvin was born in White county, Illinois, on the 15th of 
June, 1865. He is a son of Thomas Calvin, who, although the earlier years 
of his life were devoted to farming, later became a railroad man and was 
connected with this industry at the time of his death. In 1863 he was 

Vol. Ill- 8 



1198 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

married to Mary C. Hanks, and four children were born to him and his 
wife. Of these Allen F. Calvin was the next to the eldest. Two of the 
children died in infancy, leaving Allen and his brother Frank, who at 
present resides in the city of Indianapolis. Thomas Calvin died in De- 
cember, 1908, having been preceded by his wife, who died in March, 
1897. 

Shortly after the birth of Allen F. Calvin his parents removed to 
Flora, Illinois, and here the boy grew up. The family while not poor were 
only in comfortable circumstances, and since an education was something 
of a luxury in those times young Allen did not have many years in the 
school room. Three winters, that was all, but he made the most of his 
time and obtained as much benefit as a boy nowadays would from double 
the time. To use his own picturesque phrase, he is a graduate of that 
school known as experience, and many of his early disappointments he 
has found to be valuable assets in after life. He remained in the town of 
Flora until 1881, and then at the age of sixteen determined to go to 
Newton and find work. 

He therefore came to Newton, and secured employment as a clerk in 
a clothing store, following this line of work until February, 1895, when 
he formed a partnership with E. W. Hersh in the investment business. 
The firm, which was known as Hersh and Calvin, existed until 1901, and 
they built up a very lucrative business. Between 1895 and 1901 they 
purchased the Bank of Newton, a private banking house. This they con- 
ducted in connection with their investment, and their patronage grew so 
large that they finally determined to nationalize the institution. In 
1901, therefore, the Bank of Newton, became the First National Bank of 
Newton, Illinois. When this was done they closed out the investment 
business, in order to have more time to give to the new enterprise. Mr. 
Calvin is vice president of the First National Bank of Newton, Illinois, 
and is also one of the owners of the Bank of Commerce, a private bank- 
ing house, located at Wheeler, Illinois. In 1905 Mr. Calvin again went 
into the investment business, operating independently. He deals mainly 
with first mortgage loans, and much of his time is spent in looking after 
his large real estate holdings and in caring for his banking interests. 

Mr. Calvin was married in April, 1888, to Miss Eva Shup, a daugh- 
ter of George H. and Elsie C. Shup, of Newton. Mr. and Mrs. Calvin 
have no children, but they have the love of the little folks far and near. 
It is safe to trust a child's intuition, so it will cause no surprise that Mr. 
and Mrs. Calvin should have a very large circle of friends, who respect 
them for the strength and fineness of their characters, and love them for 
the charm of their personalities. Both Mr. Calvin and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Politically Mr. Calvin is a Republican, but his interest in politics is 
only that of an intelligent voter and he has no desire for political hon- 
ors. His fraternal affiliations are with the Masons and the Knights of 
Pythias. He is also a member of the Commercial Club, taking an active 
part in the work of this organization, and he has done as much to put 
Newton on the map of Illinois as has any one man in his city. 

JOHN D. LYLE, M. D. C. The very desirable quality of faithful citi- 
zenship is not monopolized entirely by those of us who have been born 
beneath the protection of the flag of that nation whose citizens we are. 
That fact has been demonstrated on repeated occasions, and is particu- 
larly exemplifie'd in the history of the Lyle family. Born and reared in 
Ireland, both the father and grandfather of John D. Lyle gave to the 
land of their adoption every drop of allegiance and loyalty that was com- 
mon to their make-up, and rendered a service to the Union that was sur- 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1199 

passed by none, in that they did what they could for the cause. In this 
connection it is entirely in keeping with the demands of this occasion that 
more extended mention be made of the ancestry of John D. Lyle. 

Dr. John D. Lyle is the son of William J. Lyle and the grandson of 
James Lyle. The last named was born and reared in Ireland, in the 
town of Larne in County Down, and there he also settled down and 
reared his family. His wife died just prior to the immigration of the 
family to the United States, and when James Lyle arrived in America 
he was accompanied by his children, among whom were: Martha, who 
later became the wife of James H. Dickey, one of the old and honored 
merchants of Sparta, Illinois; Eliza, who married James Miller and 
passed away in Sparta ; William J. ; and Thomas, who made his home in 
Seattle, Washington, where he lately passed away, leaving one son. 
James Lyle settled in Randolph county, Illinois, upon a farm near 
Sparta. He had not been a resident of the United States for long when 
the Civil war broke out, and it was then that the splendid patriotism, 
fealty and honor of the true son of Erin was made manifest in the Lyle 
family. Father and son, James and William, both enlisted in the cause 
of the Union, and as members of Company I, Forty-ninth Illinois In- 
fantry, did valiant and heroic duty throughout the long and bitter 
struggle, serving with their regiment in its activities on both sides of the 
Mississippi river and in various campaigns until the close of the war. 

Civil life again resumed, father and son returned to the farm, where 
they made as admirable records as citizens as they had made as sol- 
diers. The senior Lyle continued for some years with the farm life, but 
the younger man became interested in the mercantile business, and his 
early experience in that line was gained in the employ of a Mr. Dickey, 
a merchant of Sparta. In 1894, James Lyle died at Sparta at the age of 
seventy-four years, serene in the knowledge that he had been a factor 
in the preservation of a great nation, and in the further knowledge of a 
life of better than three score and ten years well spent. 

The education of William J. Lyle was acquired chiefly after his re- 
turn from the war, and then entirely by his own efforts. A man of ex- 
ceptionally bright mind and an inordinate desire for knowledge, he has 
always been a wide reader and a student of life from every point of view. 
While his actual book learning as a student in his youthful days was but 
meagre, he has by his own careful and well directed studies attained a 
knowledge and education that is of a high order. 

After a career of several years in merchandising, in which time he 
succeeded to the business of Mr. Dickey, his brother-in-law, he directed 
his efforts in a new departure and became actively engaged in the livery 
and live stock business in Sparta in 1881. His mania for blooded horses 
was at last to be given expression, and for thirty years he conducted a 
breeding stable in conjunction with a well equipped livery, and he be- 
came the owner of many fine imported Percherons and standard bred 
stallions, as well as thoroughbred mules, and he has been in that time an 
important factor in improving the stock of mules and horses in Ran- 
dolph county. After thirty years of life as a stock breeder he surren- 
dered active business life and has virtually retired from the field. In 
1911 he made his first trip back to the land of his birth, and incidentally 
to visit Europe on a sightseeing tour and to study at first hand the social 
and economic conditions of the old world, in which he has always been 
deeply interested. 

William J. Lyle married Miss Ellen Miller, a daughter of Andrew 
Miller, and she died July 12, 1887. Their children were: Charles, of 
Blair, Illinois ; Millard, of Telluride, Colorado ; James, of Sparta ; Dr. 
John D., of this review, and Harry, Ella and Martha, all of Sparta. Un- 



1200 HISTOKY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

til 1896 Mr. Lyle was an adherent to Republican principles, but at that 
time he was drawn by the "Free Silver" slogan to unite with the party 
who was then the exponent of that cause, and he has continued in har- 
mony with progressive Democracy since that time. 

Dr. John D. Lyle was a student in the Sparta high school, about to be 
graduated with his class, when he gave up school and, imitating the ex- 
amples of his father Tind grandfather, went in for army life. The war 
with Spain had just been concluded, and he, with many another young 
man, became fired with the desire to see our new possessions and to serve 
in the army, not alone as a matter of service, but for the experience and 
the wider fields of knowledge it opened up to him. Accordingly, in Sep- 
tember, 1899, he enlisted in Company 1, of the Forty-first United States 
Volunteer Infantry, with Colonel Richmond in command. His was the 
largest regiment ever recruited by the United States army and it was 
mobilized at Camp Meade, Pennsylvania, and sailed in November, 1899, 
from New York harbor for the Philippine Islands. In January, 1900, 
the regiment was distributed through the interior of Luzon, doing patrol 
duty, teaching the natives and in every way endeavoring to introduce 
the spirit of Americanism, until in May, 1901, when the command em- 
barked for home, completing the world's circuit at San Francisco on 
June 26th following. The regiirent was mustered out at Presidio, July 
3rd, and Dr. Lyle came directly home. 

His plans already matured for the preparation required for his pro- 
fession, he became a student in the Chicago Veterinary College, being 
graduated therefrom in April, 1904. No fitter location could be desired 
than the home of his boyhood and youth, and there he settled to follow 
the practice of his profession, where he has remained to the present time. 
He is recognized as one of the ablest of his profession in Southern Illi- 
nois, and has been particularly successful in demonstrating the value of 
the sciences as applied to diseases of the animal world. He is a member 
of the Illinois Veterinary Medical Association, and is a careful student 
of all that applies to the profession to which he is devoted. 

Dr. Lyle is able to give some of his time to the affairs of the city, and 
is now serving his second term as a member of the city council, in which 
capacity he has given especially praiseworthy service. He was chosen to 
that office without regard to his political faith, although he is responsive 
to the demands of the Democratic party, and subscribes to the doctrines 
enunciated by the more advanced thinkers of that faith. 

On New Year's day, 1907, Dr. Lyle married Miss Mayme H. Neil, a 
daughter of Robert Neil, the head of an old and honored Scotch family 
of Sparta, and Dr. and Mrs. Lyle are the parents of two children, Cath- 
erine and Robert. 

WILLIAM E. GEORGE. One of the most notable examples of the self- 
made man to be found in Johnson county is William E. George, of Cache 
township, who, losing his father at a tender age and being compelled to 
be content with but scanty educational advantages in order that he might 
contribute to the support of his mother's family, learned the lessons of 
thrift and industry so well that he has risen to a place among the lead- 
ing agriculturists of his section. Mr. George was born December 13, 
1862, on a farm in Knox county, Illinois, and is a son of Isaac and Eliza- 
beth Ann (Whitman) George. 

Isaac George was born in Pennsylvania, of German extraction, and 
lived for a short time in Knox county, Illinois.. In 1864 he took his fam- 
ily to Muscatine county, Iowa, where he met death by drowning in 1867. 
He and his wife, who was born November 7, 1836, in Baltimore, Mary- 
land, had five sons : Plummer, who died at the age of sixteen years ; 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1201 

Charles, who is engaged in farming; "William B.; "VVhitfield, who died in 
infancy ; and John W., an agriculturist of Kentucky. Mrs. George later 
married for her second husband L. A. Walker, and they had two daugh- 
ters, namely: Josie, who died at the age of nineteen years; and Mrs. 
Jennie Miller. In 1868 the family moved to northwestern Missouri, near 
Lexington, but in 1872 returned to Illinois, settling on a rented farm in 
Union county, where they resided until 1882, and then coming to John- 
son county, the sons in the meantime working on rented farms. In 1886 
William B. George was married and purchased forty acres in Cache 
township, and Charles E., in 1891, purchased forty acres. William E. 
George has prospered exceedingly, and his success has been entirely the 
result of his own labors. When he began farming on his own account he 
did not have a dollar, and went into debt to the extent of two hundred 
dollars for his first forty acres, which he soon had developed to such an 
extent that the land was worth eight hundred dollars. Soon thereafter 
he purchased forty acres of railroad land for two hundred dollars, and 
his third forty acres cost him one thousand dollars, but he is now the 
owner of five hundred and fifty acres, valued at about fourteen thou- 
sand dollars, three hundred and fifty acres being under cultivation. Like 
many of his fellow-agriculturists in this part of the county, he devotes a 
great deal of attention to breeding live stock, and his annual shipment 
of animals includes twenty mules and horses, twelve head of cattle, fifty 
sheep and from fifty to one hundred hogs. As a man who has benefited 
his community by assisting in developing its resources, and as a citizen 
who has always been ready to assist in movements calculated to be of 
benefit to his section, Mr. George is respected and esteemed by his fellow- 
townsmen, who acknowledge him to be a good, practical farmer and an 
excellent judge of live-stock. He is progressive in all matters, and be- 
lieves in the use of the most modern machinery and methods. He be- 
longs to the Masonic order as a member of Belknap Lodge and Vienna 
Chapter, in both of which he is extremely popular, as he is with the mem- 
bers of the Modern Woodmen of America, with which he is also con- 
nected. With "his family he attends the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
has been active in its work. 

Mr. George was married in 1886 to Miss Sarah Ellen Littleton, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Littleton, a native of North Carolina, of English descent, 
who migrated to Tennessee and then to Illinois, and who died November 
27, 1898. Mr. and Mrs. George have had eleven children, of whom nine 
are living, as follows: Raleigh, who is married and has three children, 
Ernest, Chelis and Madge ; William T., who is also married ; and Walter 
E., Clyde, DeWitt, Curtis, Homer, Fred and Ray, all of whom live on the 
farm with their parents. 

CHRISTOPHER J. BOYD, who for more than forty years has been en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits near Anna, in Union county, Illinois, is 
one of the old and honored citizens of his community, and has identified 
himself with various enterprises of a business nature. Mr. Boyd is one of 
the self-made men of Union county, and can look back over a life that has 
been filled with industrious endeavor and usefulness to his community. 
He is a native of eastern Tennessee, and was born in 1848, a son of 
John and Almira (Johnson) Boyd, natives of Tennessee, both of whom 
died in Union county. 

Christopher J. Boyd was three years of age when he accompanied his 
parents to Union county, where his father assisted to build the Illinois 
Central Railroad, and he grew up on the home farm, attending the dis- 
trict schools of vicinity when he could be spared from his home duties. 
His education, however, was cut short by the death of his father in 1861. 



1202 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

and from that time until 1870 he managed the home farm for his mother. 
In the year last mentioned he was married to Miss Minerva Hess, who 
was born in 1848, in Union county, daughter of John Hess, an old pio- 
neer resident, and at that time started to farm on his own account, rent- 
ing land for five years. Having been reared to habits of industry and 
economy, he was then able to make a payment on a tract of fifty acres in 
Union county, and to this he has since added from time to time, now 
owning one hundred and forty-nine acres of some of the best-cultivated 
land in his section. He has paid a good deal of attention to fruit cul- 
ture, having ten acres in apples and twenty acres in strawberries, and is 
president of the Union Fruit Package Company and a director of the 
Union County Fruit Growers' Association, having held the latter posi- 
tion since the organization of that enterprise. Mr. Boyd has engaged to 
some extent in truck farming and breeds good horses, at present having 
fifteen blooded animals on his farm. 

Mr. and Mrs. Boyd have had eight children, seven of whom are liv 
ing, six sons and one daughter. Five sons are engaged in farming and 
one son is a doctor of medicine. The daughter is the wife of Joseph Hart- 
line, a prominent farmer of Union county. Mr. Boyd has been a friend 
of progress along all lines and has always been ready to do his full share 
as a public-spirited citizen. A strong believer in the benefits of educa- 
tion, he served for nine years as a member of the township trustee school 
board, and for three years, from 1906 to 1909, he acted in the capacity of 
county commissioner. It has been just such men as Mr. Boyd who have 
developed the best resources and advanced the interests of Union county, 
and who are universally respected as the prime movers in transforming 
this section of the state from a vast, uncultivated tract of practically 
worthless land into one of the garden spots of Southern Illinois. 

WALTER L. WYLIE, M. D. Of one of the old, historic and honoied 
families of Southern Illinois Randolph county has a consistent represen- 
tative in Dr. Walter L. Wylie, of Sparta. The history of the Wylie fam- 
ily for three generations back is so closely interwoven with that oi 
Southern Illinois that it is impossible to write even briefly of the life of 
Dr. Walter L. Wylie without saying something of his ancestors who have 
done so much for the spiritual and material uplift of Illinois. 

Dr. Walter L. Wylie was born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, in 1875, 
being the son of Rev. William T. Wylie, whose father was Rev. Dr. Sam- 
uel Wylie, the founder of the family in Randolph county, and the fa- 
mous exponent of the Covenanter faith, which he established in Southern 
Illinois, and he is justly termed in these parts as the "Father of the 
Faith." His labors in behalf of the cause were limited only by his 
strength, and the best years of his life were spent among his people in 
Southern Illinois, where he ministered to them in body and soul. 

Dr. Samuel Wylie was born in Ballycraigie, County Antrim, Ireland. 
He came to the United States alone when a young man, and thereafter 
made his home with an uncle, Dr. Wylie, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
a preacher of the Covenanter faith, to which Samuel Wylie became an 
ardent adherent. Dr. Wylie saw that the young man was properly edu- 
cated, recognizing in him the proper timber for a benefactor of the hu- 
man race, and did all in his power to properly fit his nephew for the ca- 
reer in which he afterwards so distinguished himself. He began his ac- 
tive ministry in 1811, in Illinois, and was the first minister of the Church 
of the Covenanters west of the Alleghany mountains. He spent the first 
few years of his ministry in old Kaskaskia and along the Mississippi, 
where he labored valiantly to establish the faith in the hearts and minds 
of the people. No small task was his, considering that his efforts for 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1203 

the most part devoted to a people who were bound by the tenets of the 
church of Rome, but that he succeeded beyond his fondest expectations 
is amply demonstrated by conditions existing there today. After hav- 
ing made a beginning and having established the church securely, he 
made entry to a tract of land upon which he founded the old town of 
Eden, early famed for its intense God fearing tendencies and for its 
record as a second ' ' cradle of liberty. ' ' The life of Reverend Dr. Wylie 
among his people was a never failing source of inspiration to all, and 
his labors of love will be remembered for all time. His education 
fitted him for his position most admirably, being somewhat similar to 
the training of the modern medical-missionary, and he was . an indis- 
pensable factor at every important ceremony in the lives of his people. 
He brought them into the world ; he baptized them ; he performed their 
marriage ceremonials and, when life was finished for them, he finally 
buried them. Par and wide through Southern Illinois he was known 
as "Priest Wylie" and his high office was performed with the most 
tender love and sympathy for his ever growing flock. Early in his 
ministry Dr. Wylie married Mary Milligan, and three children were 
born to them: William Theodore, John and Mary. But one was 
spared to them, however, William Theodore, the father of Walter B. 
Wylie. Dr. Wylie died in 1873, after a beautiful life of more than 
four score years, sixty of which were passed in a consuming devotion 
to the cause of his church and his people in Southern Illinois. 

William Theodore Wylie was born in old Kaskaskia, on March 4, 
1827. He was sent east to be educated, and his training was conducted 
under the able supervision of old Dr. Wylie, who had educated the 
'father of William Theodore Wylie. On the completion of his regular 
college course he entered a theological seminary at Xenia, Ohio, the 
precept and example of the lives of both uncle and father having incul- 
cated in him the ambition and desire to continue in his father's labors. 
He entered upon his ministry in Randolph county as a preacher of 
the Covenanter faith and spent his life in humble devotion to duty and 
service of his people, in worthy emulation of his revered father. He 
displayed some little interest in the development of that section of 
the country as a mine owner, but all matters of a business nature were 
but a secondary consideration to his earnest nature. He continued 
in active service in the ministry until the last few years of his life, 
when depleted health compelled him to seek some rest from his labors. 
He died December 9, 1910, at the fine old age of eighty-three years, 
leaving a gracious heritage of a well spent life, and rich in the memory 
of all who knew him. Rev. Wylie was thrice married. Of his first 
marriage two children were the result, Samuel Wylie, of Ballston Spa, 
New York, and Laura J. Wylie, now professor of English in Vassar 
College, Poughkeepsie, New York. His third wife, who still survives 
him, was Miss Agnes Hays, daughter of James H. Hays, of Pittsburg, 
Pennsylvania, Walter L. Wylie was her only child. 

Walter L. Wylie was born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, in 1875. He 
was educated in the Sparta public schools and later in the Western 
Military Academy at Upper Alton, Illinois. Choosing medicine for a 
profession, he completed his medical course in Chicago, graduating 
therefrom in 1897. After some four years spent in the practice of 
that profession in Sparta. Dr. Wylie decided that he was unfitted by 
inclination for the work of a physician, and was sufficiently courageous 
to relinquish his practice and turn his attention to a business career, 
by which he was irresistibly attracted. Brokerage and real estate con- 
stitute his active business connections, and he conducts a thriving busi- 
ness along those lines, proving himself eminently fitted by nature for 



1204 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

a business career. Dr. Wylie is a Republican, politically speaking, and 
participates in the activities of his party only as an aid to correct 
national policies. He is in no wise ambitious for office or political 
preferment of whatever nature, and is well content to be merely a plain 
business man. 

Dr. Wylie is a director in the Southern Illinois Improvement and 
Loan Association, and fraternally he is a member of the minor Masonic 
bodies at Sparta, as well as a member of the Peoria Consistory, having 
taken his thirty-second degree in masonry. 

On August 10, 1903, Dr. Wylie was married to Miss Flora Hayes, 
a daughter of Monroe Hayes, formerly of Carbondale, Illinois, where 
Mrs. Wylie was educated in the Southern Illinois Normal and com- 
pleted her musical studies under the personal supervision of Professor 
Sherwood, of Chicago. 

WILLIAM C. DOWELL is deputy warden of the Southern Illinois Peni- 
tentiary and has spent approximately thirty-four years of his life in 
prison work with this institution. He was one of the first force of em- 
ployes who came to Chester to do the preliminary work of building the 
prison, and it can be truthfully said that the first work of clearing the 
ground for the prison site was done by him. Mr. Dowell was born at 
Dover, Tennessee, on the 30th of October, 1852, and his father was John 
C. Dowell, overseer of the iron furnaces of John Bell at Dover. John C. 
Dowell entered the river service and became mate, pilot and then cap- 
tain of a packet in the Nashville-St. Louis service. After following that 
occupation for about a dozen years he engaged in building the Illinois 
Central Railroad as one of its contractors, and when he retired from that 
work he settled on a farm in Williamson county, Illinois, there passing 
the declining years of his life. He was born in Daviess county, Ken- 
tucky, of Irish lineage, his ancestry having been originally from county 
Down, Ireland. The family name in its primitive form was "McDowell" 
and was so written by Allen McDowell, grandfather of the subject of 
this review. .Allen's children, including John C., dropped the "Me" 
and all of his descendants are now known under the name of Dowell. 
Allen McDowell was a colonial soldier in the war of the Revolution and 
took part, also, in the war of 1812. He came into Kentucky and died at 
Whitesville, in that state. He was twice married and became the father 
of five sons and two daughters. In the early days he was a Democrat of 
the old school, but after the close of the Civil war he and his sons trans- 
ferred their allegiance to the Republican party. 

John C. Dowell married Miss Sarah Mobley, a North Carolina lady 
of Irish blood and a native of County Down, Ireland. She passed away 
in 1886, at the age of seventy -eight years, and her honored husband died 
in 1907, in his eighty-ninth year. Concerning the children of Mr. and 
Mrs. John C. Dowell, four passed away early in life ; William C. is the 
immediate subject of this review ; Alice is the wife of William Gulledge, 
of Williamson county, Illinois; Monroe died at Carterville, Illinois, and 
is survived by a family ; and Thomas L. passed away at Marion. Illinois, 
where his family is now residing. 

William C. Dowell, of this notice, was a child of but four years of 
age at the time of his parents' removal to Illinois. He grew to maturity 
in Williamson county, to which public schools he is indebted for his 
preliminary educational training. As a youth he engaged in the rail- 
road business on the Illinois Central Railroad as station man at Car- 
bondale, following that line of enterprise from 1871 to 1877. Subse- 
quently he spent six months with the United States pension department 
at Salem, Illinois, and at the expiration of that period he became inter- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1205 

ested in the prison work and came to Chester, as previously noted. He 
became assistant clerk in the Southern Illinois Penitentiary in 1877 and 
in the following year was made purchasing agent of the institution. He 
served in the latter position until 1885, when he was appointed deputy 
warden by General Mitchell, the warden. He served as deputy warden 
until 1893, when he was appointed captain of the World's Fair secret 
service force at Chicago. From 1894 to 1896 he was assistant secretary 
of the Illinois Republican State Central Committee, the committee which 
so successfully blocked the efforts of the Bryan management and carried 
the state by an overwhelming majority for McKinley, thus closing the 
greatest political campaign ever fought in the United States. In 1897 
Mr. Dowell returned to Chester as deputy warden, by appointment of 
J. M. Tanner, and he served as such until 1904, when he again resigned, 
only to be reappointed in the following year by Governor Deneen. In 
his capacity as prison official Mr. Dowell has covered a large portion of 
the United States in pursuit of escaped convicts and he has a wide ac- 
quaintance among prison men and peace officers everywhere. His fa- 
miliarity with Illinois and her public men is most pronounced and the 
statesmen and politicians developed by the conditions of the Civil war 
were in their palmiest days of service when he was annexed as a public 
servitor. 

Mr. Dowell became interested in active politics as a young man and 
was a delegate to the state conventions of 1876, 1884 and 1896, as a Re- 
publican. He has served under all the governors of the state since 1877 
and under seven wardens during that period. In fraternal circles he is 
a Knight Templar, an Odd Fellow and an Elk, and he was a delegate to 
the Grand Lodges of the Odd Fellows order in 1876 and 1877. 

At Chester, Illinois, on the 18th of November, 1885, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Dowell to Miss Mary Dunn, a daughter of Andrew 
Dunn, who was born and reared in County Antrim, Ireland. Mrs. 
Dowell was born at Chester, Illinois, and is a member of a family of eight 
children, six of whom are living, in 1911. Mr. and Mrs. Dowell are the 
parents of the following children, Linnie, who is the wife of D. M. 
Logan, of Shawneetown, Illinois ; Jean, who is with the Terminal Rail- 
way Company of St. Louis; and Dorothy, Margaret, David and Mary, 
all of whom are at the parental home. 

MATTHEW "W. COCKKUM. The evolution of Franklin county from an 
untamed wilderness into a populous, highly improved and well ordered 
community has occupied but a brief span of years. There are those now 
living who were here in time to aid in the beginning of the struggle 
against the forces of nature. And yet there has been time for families 
to grow up and children and grandchildren to be born and to scatter 
west, north and south. Such has been the history of the family of Mat- 
thew W. Cockrum, an old and respected citizen of Franklin county and a 
man who stands high in the estimation of all who know him. Although 
now spending the closing years of his life in retirement, he was at one 
time the leading agriculturists of his county. Mr. Cockrum was born 
in Franklin county, January 29, 1838, a son of Matthew and Sarah (Gib- 
son) Cockrum, and a grandson on both the maternal and paternal sides 
of a family of Kentucky farming people. 

Matthew Cockrum was born in Kentucky, and came to Illinois at a 
very early day, settling as a pioneer near Ewing. In 1840 he took his 
family to a farm on the present site of Sesser, and started to cultivate the 
one hundred and eighty acre tract which he had secured from the gov- 
ernment. He was engaged in farming during the remainder of his life, 



1206 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

and his death occurred in 1895, when he was known as the wealthiest 
man of his locality. 

Matthew W. Cockrum received his education in the subscription 
schools, and his boyhood was spent in hard work upon his father's farm. 
He experienced the usual trials and discouragements that befell the 
pioneers of his section, but the training gave him splendid physical 
strength and taught him that the true road to success lies only through 
hard work and persistent effort. In time he became the owner of a prop- 
erty of his own, on which he resided until 1908, and then retired from ac- 
tive pursuits and settled in Sesser. He reserved eighty acres on the edge 
of the town, which he platted into lots, and also owns thirty acres within 
the corporation limits. At one time Mr. Cockrum was the owner of over 
eight hundred acres of land in Franklin county, but during 1910 he di- 
vided this among his children. He is a sturdy Republican in politics, but 
has given his whole attention to his farming interests, and has never 
allowed his name to be used in connection with public office. In his long 
and active career Mr. Cockrum has had a reputation for the highest in- 
tegrity and business ability, a man of extraordinary foresight in placing 
investments and a good and public-spirited citizen of Franklin county. 

In 1860 Mr. Cockrum was married to Miss Ruth Greenwood, daughter 
of Willoughby Greenwood, an early settler of Franklin county. Of the 
children born to this union five are now living, namely : Martha Jane, who 
married William Jones; Arta M., who married Charles Jones; Laura L., 
who married Robert Sherriff ; Francis M., who is engaged in farming in 
Franklin county; and Monia D., who married Alva Stephenson. Mrs. 
Cockrum died July 3, 1909, in the faith of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. On June 23, 1910, Mr. Cockrum was married to Mrs. Matilda 
(Isaacs) Brayfield, widow of J. M. Brayfield, who died in 1904. Mrs. 
Cockrum is a daughter of George Isaacs, a veteran of the Mexican war 
and an early settler of Franklin county. 

ALEXANDER WILSON MILLER. The mining interests of Southern Illi- 
nois are vast and varied and have called forth the best efforts and activ- 
ities of some of the leading men of this section, in which connection the 
name of Alexander Wilson Miller stands forth as superintendent of the 
old Brush mining property of Carterville, now known as the Madison 
Coal Corporation, which includes the old Colp mine adjacent to Carter- 
ville. Mr. Miller has been in charge of the property since November, 
1910, succeeding James Reid in the position. His life has been spent in 
the industry of mining, comes from a family of coal miners, and was born 
in St. Louis, Missouri, July 12, 1865. His parents located in Belleville, 
Illinois, in 1869, and around that town and in the graded schools there 
he grew up and secured his somewhat limited education. 

Alexander Miller, the father of Alexander W., was born in Ayrshire, 
Scotland, was married there and came to the United States when about 
thirty years of age. He grew up in the atmosphere of the mines and dug 
coal all of his life, and his death occurred at 'Fallen, Illinois, in 1906, 
when he was seventy-six years of age. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Mary Wilson, resides at Glen Carbon, Illinois, and is seventy- 
eight years old. They had four children : N. K., of Glen Carbon ; Mrs. 
Jane Clayton and Mrs. Elizabeth White, of 'Fallon ; and Alexander 
Wilson, of Carterville. 

Beginning his trade as a lad of twelve years, it was impossible for 
Alexander W. Miller to secure much schooling, but home study and much 
reading have made him a well-educated man. His name appeared on the 
payroll of the Palm mine at Belleville in 1877, and his efforts thenceforth 
were directed in mastering the details of mining. He was a coal digger 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1207 

until he was thirty-three years of age, when he was made a mine manager 
at Glen Carbon, Illinois, and there did the work that earned him the su- 
perintendency of the old Big Muddy properties at Carterville. On Febru- 
ary 26, 1886, Mr. Miller was married at O'Fallon, Illinois, to Miss Minnie 
Sherman, a daughter of George Sherman, a painter and settler there 
from Indiana. Mrs. Sherman was formerly Miss Amanda Powell, whose 
ancestors were of the old residents of Ridge Prairie in St. Clair county, 
going there with the noted Colonel Thomas. Mr. Miller established his 
home in Edwardsville, and is still a resident there. His children are: 
Raymond, who is assistant electrician of the Madison Coal Corporation 
at Carterville ; Elton, who is bill clerk for the same concern ; Blanche, 
who is a teacher in the Glen Carbon schools ; and Bernice Fern and Ker- 
mit R., students in the public schools. 

Mr. Miller has manifested much interest in Free Masonry, having 
taken the thirty-second degree by both the Scottish and York routes. He 
is a member of the Blue Lodge, Chapter and Eastern Star at Edwards- 
ville, of the Council and Commandery at Alton, and of the Consistory at 
Chicago and the Mohammed Temple at Peoria. His membership in the 
Knights of Pythias he holds at Glen Carbon. He is a Republican in poli- 
tical matters, but outside of showing a good citizen 's interest in the affairs 
of the day he has not engaged in public affairs. 

WILLIAM M. GRISSOM. A man whose life 's activities have demanded 
the possession and use of a high order of intellectual attainments as well 
as ability in leadership of men is Mr. William M. Grissom, Jr., who is now 
well known as the president of the Merchants State Bank of Centralia, 
Illinois. The Grissom family was one of the first to settle in Johnson 
county, Illinois, John Grissom having crossed the country between North 
Carolina and that point in 1818, traveling the whole distance in a one 
horse cart. This was the great-grandfather of William M. Grissom, Jr., 
whose life it is our purpose to sketch. Next in line came Warren Grissom, 
a native of North Carolina, who was brought by his father to Illinois. At 
the age of twenty-four years he was united in marriage to Miranda Fin- 
ney, a native of Ohio, whose parents died when she was a small child, 
and who was brought to Golconda, Illinois, when six years old by an aunt 
with whom she lived. Her demise occurred several years before that of 
her husband, who married again later and was the father of ten chil- 
dren. His death occurred in 1867, and he was buried in Pope county. 
The oldest son of his family was William M. Grissom, Sr., the father of 
our subject, his birthplace being a prairie home in Grantsburg township, 
and the date on which he was born, December 9, 1830. In 1859 he as- 
sumed the responsibilities of a family man and was united in wedlock 
with Miss Eliza Farless, a native of Johnson county. To this union were 
born ten children, including: Sidney A., deceased; James E., Jane, 
Thomas S., Kittie and Ida, all of whom died in infancy ; Mary Elizabeth, 
wife of Frank Ferris; and William M., Jr. The mother of these chil- 
dren died in 1886 and subsequently Mr. Grissom married again, his sec- 
ond wife being Eliza Spense, of Massac county, Illinois. Mr. Grissom is 
a prosperous farmer and now resides with his wife in Vienna. 

William M. Grissom, Jr., was born October 3, 1872, on a farm in 
Grantsburg township, Johnson county, and until seventeen years of age 
he employed his time in attending school and performing such duties as 
are common to the son of an agriculturist. He then entered the Southern 
Illinois State Normal University, and for several years alternately at- 
tended college and taught school to help defray his college expenses, con- 
tinuing with this method until he had acquired the equivalent of a three 
years' course. It was Mr. Grissom 's worthy ambition to devote his life 



1208 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

to the cause of education, and this desire he carried out with fidelity. 
He followed the pedagogical profession for a period of twenty years, dur- 
ing eight of which he filled the office of county superintendent of schools 
of Johnson county, discharging his duties in a manner highly satisfac- 
tory to the public and with great credit to himself. He was first elected 
to that office in 1902, served a term of four years and was re-elected in 
1906, continuing in office until December 1, 1910. 

While acting as county superintendent of schools Mr. Grissom was a 
strong advocate of agricultural extension work and zealously labored for 
the advancement of scientific agricultural methods, and the introduction 
into the rural schools of studies covering them. His interest in the pro- 
motion of the best interests of the rural people was further demonstrated 
by his activity in the Johnson County Farmers' Institute, of which or- 
ganization he acted as secretary for several years and in January, 1911, 
was elected president. An off-shoot of this institute was the Johnson 
County Fair Association, Mr. Grissom becoming its first secretary and 
filling the same office for three successive years, 1905-06-07. While at 
the head of that institution's affairs the new fair grounds were platted 
and he, with the assistance of J. C. Blair, of the State University, laid out 
the plans for the location of the various buildings and supervised their 
erection. He is at the present time filling the office of president of the 
Fair Association. 

For several years Mr. Grissom was connected with the Agricultural 
Extension Department of the State University as lecturer, and it was 
largely due to his influence that the agricultural department has been 
added to the curriculum of the Southern Illinois Normal University at 
Carbondale, of which institution of learning he is a trustee. Mr. Gris- 
som 's interest and activities in agricultural work are not wholly the- 
oretical, for he is a practical farmer and is known as the premier dairy- 
man of Johnson county, and owns a two hundred and five acre farm near 
Vienna that is one of the finest in this section of the country. Owing to 
his removal to Centralia to live and the multiplication of his commercial 
interests he recently disposed of a splendid herd of Holstein cattle which 
he had kept upon his farm. 

Mr. Grissom 's connection with financial institutions dates back several 
years, and while filling the office of county superintendent of schools he 
was first elected as a director of the First National Bank of Vienna, and 
in July 1, 1910, was made vice president of the same institution. In the 
summer of 1911 Mr. Grissom, in company with other substantial men, 
purchased a controlling interest in the stock of the Merchant's State Bank 
of Centralia, Illinois, which was established in 1889, and is known as one 
of the most stable financial institutions of that city. The bank has a capi- 
tal stock of fifty thousand dollars and assets aggregating four hundred 
and twenty-five thousand dollars. On August 1, 1911, the new owners 
had an election of officers, which resulted as follows: William M. Gris- 
som, Jr., president ; J. Hefter, vice president ; Jacob Pfeifer, second vice 
president; J. F. Mackay, cashier; S. Condit, assistant cashier. President 
Grissom removed with his family to Centralia in October, 1911. to take 
active charge of the operation of the bank. The foregoing recital apply 
illustrates the wide extent and superior character of the activities of Mr. 
Grissom in business and professional life, and the fact that he has 
achieved abundant success in whatever channel he has directed his en- 
deavors proves his possession of unlimited energy and a high order of 
ability. Yet his interests are not confined to commercial and professional 
work, and social and religious circles also are debtor to his activity. He 
has from his youth been a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
worked in the Sunday-school as one of its most effective teachers and he 



OF THE 
C5iV8SITY C? I^J 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1209 

has served also as president of the Johnson County Union Sunday-school 
Association. He takes an active part in the direction of the church's af- 
fairs, being a trustee of the Vienna Methodist church. His lodge af- 
filiations are numerous and include membership in the A. F. & A. M., 
Knights Templars, Eastern Star and Knights of Pythias. Politically 
he is a believer in the principles of the Republican party. 

On April 8, 1894, occurred the marriage of Mr. Grissom to Miss Nettie 
I. Farris, a daughter of T. J. and Amanda Farris, of Johnson county. 
Mr. and Mrs. Grissom are the parents of four children, three of whom 
are living. They are Curtis, sixteen years of age ; Dorothy, twelve years 
old ; and Mildred, three and one-half years of age. James died when a 
child of two and one-half years. 

The accession to the citizenship in any community of a man of the 
stable character and high abilities possessed by Mr. Grissom is a distinct 
advantage, and Centralia is to be congratulated upon his becoming a resi- 
dent there. Few men are accorded the unstinted admiration and respect 
given by all to Mr. Grissom and among his extensive acquaintance there 
is not one but holds him in highest esteem for his many personal attrib- 
utes and his public benefactions. 

CHARLES L. RITTER. As a native son of Southern Illinois and a 
member of one of the sterling pioneer families of this section of the 
state, Mr. Ritter is well entitled to consideration in this publication, as 
is he also by reason of his standing as one of the representative busi- 
ness men and progressive and public-spirited citizens of Murphysboro, 
the judicial center of Jackson county. He has been influential in the 
furthering of measures, and enterprises tending to advance the civic and 
material welfare of his home city and county and has been specially 
prominent in connection with educational affairs, .the while his personal 
popularity in the community emphatically gives evidence that he has 
measured up to the gauge of public approbation, which is the mete- 
wand of character. 

Charles Louis Ritter was born in the city of Cairo, capital of Alex- 
ander county, Illinois, on the 21st of September, 1868, and is a son of 
Louis and Kate (Erne) Ritter. The family removed to Murphysboro 
in 1871, when he was about three years of age, and here his parents 
passed the remainder of their lives, secure in the high regard of all who 
knew them. The father devoted the major part of his active career 
to merchant tailoring, and is a man of prominence and influence in 
Jackson county. To the public schools of Murphysboro Charles L. Rit- 
ter is indebted for his early educational discipline, and he was grad- 
uated in the high school as a member of the class of 1885, when but six- 
teen years of age. Thereafter he devoted sixteen years as an officer of 
Jackson County and First National Banks, and at the expiration of this 
period he engaged in the real-estate and insurance business, with which 
line of enterprise he has since continued to be actively identified and 
in which his operations have been of broad scope and importance. 
Through the medium of his real-estate business he has done much to 
further the material advancement of his home city and county, and he 
is one of the leading factors in his field of business in this section of 
his native state. His transactions have been of important order, in- 
volving the handling of valuable city and farm property, and the scope 
of his business has been expanded to include representation as a 
general fiscal agent. Mr. Ritter has won large and definite success 
through his own well directed efforts and has large and varied capital- 
istic interests. He is a member of the directorate of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Murphysboro and also that of the Murphysboro Savings 



1210 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Bank, and he was prominently concerned in the development of the 
Murphysboro Waterworks, Electric & Gas Light Company, of which 
he was superintendent for two years. He is secretary of the Jackson 
County Fair Association, and served for some time as president of the 
local board of insurance underwriters. Among the most worthy and 
valuable achievements of Mr. Ritter as touching matters of general 
public import has been his work in connection with the advancement 
of the standard of public-school systems in Jackson county, and his 
interest in this important work has been of the most loyal and insistent 
order. He was a member of the official board under whose direction 
was erected the present fine township high school building of Murphys- 
boro township, in the city of Murphysboro, and he served as president 
of the board of education of this township for five years. 

Though he has manifested no desire for the honors or emoluments of 
political office, Mr. Ritter is aligned as a stalwart supporter of the 
principles and policies for which the Republican party stands sponsor. 
He is an appreciative and influential member of the Knights of Pythias 
and in this order is now grand chancellor of the Grand Lodge of Illi- 
nois. He is also affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks and the Modern Woodmen of America, besides which he was 
for a number of years president of the Jackson Club, one of the rep- 
resentative civic organizations of Murphysboro. He has put forth many 
effective efforts in behalf of educational work, and in this connection 
has delivered many effective addresses before educational organiza- 
tions as well as before popular assemblies of a general order. Broad- 
minded, liberal and progressive, Mr. Ritter stands as a loyal and valued 
citizen, and in his home community his circle of friends is coincident 
with that of his acquaintances. 

On the 3d of September, 1892, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Ritter to Miss Jennie Goggin, of Murphysboro, and" they have one 
daughter, Pauline Celeste. 

JOSHUA H. RICKMAN, owner of the Chester Knitting Mills, was born 
with the time-honored credential to greatness, that is, he was born in a 
log house, this particular log house being located in Todd county, Ken- 
tucky, about nine miles from Elkton, and was at that time the prevailing 
style of architecture in that neighborhood. 

Joshua N. Rickman, the father of Joshua H., was a Southerner of the 
old school, his ancestors having lived in Virginia since before the Revo- 
lution. His mother, Betsy Henry, belonged to the Henry family of which 
Patrick Henry was the most historic character, and her near relatives 
were among those who demonstrated their patriotism so forcibly at Meck- 
lenburg and elsewhere in Virginia during the Revolution. She was born 
at the close of the Revolution, but early enough to become personally 
acquainted with many of the renowned patriots of that state. From Vir- 
ginia the family migrated into Tennessee, and here she was married to 
James Rickman, father of Joshua N. Rickman, and when the latter had 
become a young man the family moved to Kentucky, where he married 
Amanda Richards and here, November 28, 1861, Joshua H. Rickman was 
born ; his father was enlisted in the Confederate service at the time. His 
mother's people were Northern sympathizers and four of her brothers 
were in the Union army, thus Joshua H. comes from a race of fighters, 
not so much warriors as men of very positive opinions and courage to 
back them up. 

He grew up on the family homestead, a serious minded, white headed 
boy ; learned to cut wood, hoe corn and ' ' worm ' ' tobacco ; went bare- 
footed in summer and a stubbed toe or stone bruise was nothing uncom- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1211 

mon. That the boy should be a preacher was the fond desire of his 
mother's heart, whether the idea appealed to him or not, I do not know, 
but strangers not infrequently mistake him for a minister, probably be- 
cause the strong, square chin and aggressive nose are softened by the 
sincere kindly eyes. 

At the age of eighteen the wanderlust struck him and he sold his 
horse and saddle and started for Illinois, where the big corn and wheat 
fields appealed to him ; his strong physique and disposition to make him- 
self useful readily secured for him employment with a farmer at ten 
dollars a month and board. It is one thing to get a job and another to 
hold it, but J. H. Rickman held his job and always held whatever job he 
undertook. The following year his father moved the family to Wash- 
ington county, Illinois, and settled on a farm north of Nashville and all 
went well for awhile, then followed year after year of drouth and chinch 
bugs, then the era of business depression, when farm products reached 
their lowest price, potatoes twenty cents per bushel, wheat forty-five 
cents, and horses and cattle so cheap it was an insult to a spirited horse 
to have his cash value mentioned above a whisper. The prospect was any- 
thing but encouraging and when he was offered a position in the Southern 
Illinois Penitentiary, by the Democrats of his county, he gladly ac- 
cepted. This was the real turning point in his life ; it placed within his 
reach the means of achieving a place among his fellows, although that 
means had to be uncovered by his own sagacity. After a time the Para- 
mount Knitting Company established a plant at the prison on a con- 
tract with the state to use prison labor, and the president of that concern, 
being on the look out for men to strengthen his organization, soon had his 
eye on Rickman and induced him to give up his position with the state 
and accept one with the Paramount Company. 

This was the first knitting factory he had ever seen, but with his 
usual thoroughness set about learning the business from the ground up. 
That he was successful in this is shown by the fact that in less than three 
years he was general manager; he held this position until the company 
was obliged to move from this state on account of the convict labor law 
passed by the legislature. 

Believing in the possibilities of Southern Illinois as a manufactur- 
ing center, Mr. Rickman set about establishing the Chester Knitting 
Mills. This he imbued with his own personality until the Chester Knit- 
ting Mills is J. H. Rickman. In this country town where the boys form- 
erly loafed in the park and smoked cigarettes, and the girls walked the 
streets in idleness, you will not find an habitually idle person in the 
town ; they are all employed making stockings. The work is pleasant, 
clean and remunerative, as is evidenced by the four hundred happy, 
healthy girls and boys that file through the doors of the factory about two 
minutes past six. This enterprise started in 1905, with a capital of twenty 
thousand dollars, but has twice increased its capital until now it is one 
Irandred thousand dollars, with a probability of this being doubled during 
the present year. The output is twelve hundred dozen pairs of stockings 
daily and last year (1911) a branch factory was located at Collinsville, 
Illinois, with a capacity equal to the Chester mill ; this makes Joshua H. 
Rickman the largest employer of labor in Southern Illinois. This 
growth is largely due to the excellence of the hosiery manufactured 
anybody can make a stocking, but to make them better than your com- 
petitors takes brains. 

Mr. Rickman was married November 18, 1896, at Chester, to Miss 
Alice Randolph, a daughter of W. J. Randolph, of Golconda, Illinois. 
Portia Isabel, now twelve years of age, is the only child. Notwithstand- 
ing the close application to his business, his family always comes first, 



1212 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

and his highest aim in life is to make them happy. His home is one of the 
beauty spots in Chester an old colonial, vine covered house in the cen- 
ter of a five acre park, and it is here in front of the open wood fire in the 
winter evenings or under one of the "venerable oaks" in the summer 
that some of his far seeing ideas are hatched. 

THOMAS JEREMIAH. As mayor of Willisville and general superin- 
tendent of the Willis Coal and Mining Company, Thomas Jeremiah is one 
of the prominent men of his community. A follower of the coal mines 
since he was a lad of nine years, he is well qualified to hold the responsi- 
ble position he now fills, and is an acknowledged authority on many sub- 
jects pertaining to coal mining. Mr. Jeremiah has also given his atten- 
tion to various other matters beyond the province of coal mining, and is 
actively concerned in a number of industrial organizations of varied 
natures, while his connection with the organization of the National Mine 
Workers of America has brought him no little prominence in surrounding 
communities. 

Born at Steeleville, Illinois, on June 10, 1868, Thomas Jeremiah is the 
son of the venerable pioneer mine developer, John Jeremiah, now a re- 
tired resident of DuQuoin, Illinois. He was born at Ponter Pool, South 
Wales, in 1830, and came to the United States in 1852. He stopped for 
a time in Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, and reached Southern Illinois 
just at the close of the Civil war, after having served a term in the Fed- 
eral army as a member of the One Hundred and Sixty-ninth Pennsylvania 
troops, and seeing much active service during the term of his enlistment. 

He was among the first to engage in coal mining in Randolph and 
Perry counties, and was prominently identified with that industry for 
many years. He married Miss Margaret Bridgewaters, a daughter of 
Andrew Bridgewaters, who was a pioneer of Illinois and who settled in 
Perry county, where Mrs. Jeremiah was born in 1837. The issue of their 
union is : Thomas, the subject ; Alfred of Percy, Illinois ; Solomon of Du- 
Quoin, Illinois, an electrician with the Brilliant Coal and Coke Company ; 
and Emma, the wife of Fred Kennedy, of DuQuoin. By an earlier mar- 
riage with Sarah Edmund he was the parent of five children : Rachel, who 
died in infancy; Edmund, of DuQuoin; William, who died in 1908, as a 
miner ; Mattie, who became the wife of Charles Voice ; and John, of Percy, 
Illinois. Margaret Bridgewaters, the second wife of John Jeremiah and 
the mother of Thomas Jeremiah, of this review, was twice married. Her 
first husband was John Yancy, and of their union four children were 
born. They are : Rebecca, who married Walter Standhouse, now de- 
ceased, the widow residing in DuQuoin; Rachael became the wife of 
George Popham, of Herrin, Illinois, and Amos and Josephine passed 
away as children. 

The chief characteristic as displayed by Thomas Jeremiah in his boy- 
hood was industry. At the age of nine he left off his studies and followed 
his father into the mines as a student of mining methods and as a helper 
when required. He passed several years thus in mastering the details 
of the subject, and, becoming interested in the labor organization, was 
advanced to a leadership in it at an early age. He secured additional ex- 
perience as a miner in other coal fields, as in Arkansas and Oklahoma, and 
he was made master workman of the Knights of Labor at Jenny Lind, 
Arkansas, in 1887. Returning to Illinois in 1892, Mr. Jeremiah was later 
made superintendent of the Excelsior Coal Mining Company, and held 
that position until 1894, then going west and working in the mines. In 
1896 he returned to Illinois and began taking an active part in organizing 
the miners of Southern Illinois and was elected a member of the central 
sub-district No. 7. In 1897 he was chosen a member of the state executive 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1213 

board and later was appointed national organizer for the United Mine 
Workers of America. In his work in the latter named capacity he cov- 
ered many of the coal producing states of the Mississippi Valley and the 
east, and secured a varied experience in a general way that has been of 
utmost importance to him in later years. He resigned from that office in 
1902 to accept service with the Willis Coal and Mining Company, with 
whom he has since been employed. 

Mr. Jeremiah is now serving his third term as mayor of Willisville. 
He is a member of the Mine Investigators Committee of the State of Illi- 
nois by appointment of Governor Deneen; he is a member of the Perry 
County Fair Association and of the Democratic Senatorial Committee. 
He has acted in the capacity of operators' commissioner for the Fifth 
and Ninth districts, and is a member of the operators' board for the 
same district. In addition to his numerous connections of a more public 
character, Mr. Jeremiah is a member of the Willisville Breeding Asso- 
ciation, and is superintendent of the Mid-Valley Oil Company, now pros- 
pecting for oil in and about Willisville and Pinckneyville. He is a di- 
rector of the First National Bank of Percy, a director of the Willis Coal 
and Mining Company, of which he is also general superintendent, and is 
a. member of the mercantile firm of Schmitt & Jeremiah, of Willisville. 
From all of which it will be seen that he has a multiplicity of interests 
demanding time and attention, in addition to his regular duties. Fra- 
ternally he is an Elk and a Knight of Pythias. 

On February 11, 1892, Mr. Jeremiah was married in DuQuoin to 
Miss Elizabeth Davis, a daughter of Pat J. Davis, a mine manager and a 
native of Illinois. Mrs. Jeremiah was born in Perry county, and is the 
mother of six children : Otis, Guernzie, Lyle, Loren, Cleo and Garnie, but 
the latter died at the age of six years. 

FRED POTTHAST. Among this section's prosperous and substantial 
citizens is Fred Potthast, whose fine farm of one hundred and fifty-two 
acres, purchased in 1902, is located five miles southwest of Greenville. 
He is helpfully interested in all that pertains to the welfare of the com- 
munity and is of well-proved public spirit and progressiveness. Mr. 
Potthast was born in Madison county, December 5, 1871, and is of Ger- 
man descent, his father, Henry Potthast, having been born in the Father- 
land. He came to America at the age of twenty-one years and located 
in Madison county, where he engaged in farming. He married soon after 
coming to America, the young woman to become his bride being Agnes 
Rommerskirchen, a native of Prussia. To their union were born the 
following six children : Joe, Frank, Fred, Herman, Theodore and Mary. 
Mr. Potthast, the elder, continued to reside in Madison county until his 
death, which deprived the community of one of its most estimable citizens. 
The mother is still living in Greenville, Bond county. After the death 
of her first husband she married Antoine Wolf. The subject's father was 
a Democrat in his political conviction and in the matter of religion was a 
communicant of the Catholic church. 

The early life of Fred Potthast, immediate subject of this review, was 
spent in Madison county, in whose public schools he was a student until 
the age of fifteen years. He then came to Bond county and located near 
Pierron, and in a school near that place continued his studies. The fam- 
ily then removed to a homestead southeast of Greenville, and here Fred 
reached manhood. In 1889 he was united in marriage to Miss Lena 
Sharer, daughter of Fred and Julia Scharer, who has proved an ideal 
helpmeet and been of great assistance to him in securing his present pros- 
perity. They share their home with two children, Agnes and Fred- 
erick. 



1214 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

For a number of years Mr. Potthast lived with his wife and family 
south of Greenville, but in 1902 they purchased their present farm, a 
property possessing many advantages, and which under careful and in- 
telligent management has been greatly increased in value. Mr. Potthast 
is the friend of the. best education procurable, (as he is of all good meas- 
ures) and for some time served with faithfulness and efficiency as a mem- 
ber of the school board. He has given hand and heart to the men and 
measures of the Democratic party since his earliest voting days and his re- 
ligious conviction is that of the Catholic church, in which he and his 
family are zealous communicants. 

HENRY WILLIAM SHRYOCK was born in OLney, Illinois, on March 25, 
1861, and is a son of William and Elizabeth (Wood) Shryock, of that 
city. The father was a farmer, stock-breeder and merchant, and one of 
the most respected citizens of the county in which he lived and operated. 
He was a man of energy and fine business capacity, and was successful in 
all his undertakings by reason of his industry, integrity, ability and strict 
attention to every duty in all the relations of life. 

The son of William and Elizabeth Shryock began his education in the 
public schools, and was graduated in a classical course from the Olney 
high school. Later he matriculated at the Illinois Wesleyan University 
in Bloomington, and in 1893 the university conferred upon him the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Philosophy. He served as principal of the Olney 
high school for eleven years, and at the end of that period was called to 
the chair of Literature and Rhetoric in the Southern Illinois Normal Uni- 
versity, soon thereafter being elected vice-president and registrar of the 
institution. To his duties in the university he gives the most careful at- 
tention, and employs his full power in their performance. But in spite 
of the fact that those duties are numerous and exacting, his enthusiasm 
enables him to find time and strength for a vast amount of work outside 
on the lecture platform. 

During the last seventeen years he has lectured on educational topics 
in sixty-seven counties in Illinois and twenty-three in Indiana ; and has 
done similar work at many places in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and 
Michigan. He has also delivered addresses at the University of West 
Virginia and the following State Normal Schools : St. Cloud, Minnesota ; 
Winona, Minnesota ; Platteville, Wisconsin ; Whitewater, Wisconsin ; and 
other institutions of learning, and has discussed sociology and literature 
before many Chautauqua audiences and various clubs, both for men and 
women. In this line of work the demands for his services are many more 
than he can comply with, for he is a most impressive and popular speaker. 

For the benefit of his classes and the reading public in general he 
has published a translation of Moliere's "A Doctor in Spite of Him- 
self," a very difficult task, but one in which Professor Shryock has won 
a notable triumph. The wit and humor of Moliere is so subtle and elu- 
sive that it is exceedingly difficult to carry over into a foreign language, 
without loss of flavor, but in his hands its spirit has been caught and 
preserved in sparkling English. He has also published an annotated 
edition of Tennyson's "Princess," which has been very favorably re- 
ceived and is highly commended by the most competent critics of the 
country, being of great value to the ordinary reader. He is at present 
engaged in the preparation of a set of readers for one of the leading book 
publishing houses. 

The Professor has never lost his deep interest in the cause of public 
education. The very nature of his work and place of its performance 
would keep him in touch with it, but back of that is his own earnest de- 
sire for the enduring welfare of the country, and his positive approval of 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1215 

public instruction is one of the most powerful agencies in promoting it. 
He has been the president of the Southern Illinois Teachers' Association 
and is at this time (1911) president of the State Teachers' Association. 
He is also a leading member of the State Educational Association and 
takes an active part in all its proceedings. Mr. Shryock has traveled not 
only in all parts of the United States, but has twice visited the leading 
countries of Europe. 

On July 14, 1886, Professor Shryock was married to Miss Jessie Bur- 
nett, of Olney. They have one child, Burnett Henry. All the members 
of the family are warmly welcomed in social circles everywhere, and con- 
sidered valuable additions to the most brilliant functions. Wherever 
they are known they enjoy in full measure the highest esteem, regard and 
admiration of all classes of the people, yet get no more in this respect 
than they richly and justly deserve. 

ALLEN THOMAS SPIVET, the active and efficient postmaster of Shawnee- 
town, Illinois, has not had an easy row to hoe in life. He, however, is 
endowed with that gift from Pandora's box, Hope, and with this and his 
indomitable courage he has been able to win success in spite of all ob- 
stacles. He occupies a position of considerable influence in this part of 
the state through his editorship of the Shawneetown News-Gleaner, and 
in the columns of his paper his voice is continually heard on the side of 
good government and progress. Through this paper he has accomplished 
much for the public good, and the citizens of this section realize that if 
the Shawneetown News-Gleaner can be persuaded to espouse a caus.e it 
is a long step towards its success. As a politician Mr. Spivey has always 
taken a prominent part in the work of his party, and is everywhere recog- 
nized as one of the leaders of the Republican party in Southern Illinois. 
As a business man he is also progressive and up-to-date, as will be seen 
in a further account of his career. 

Allen Thomas Spivey is the son of Thomas Jefferson Spivey, who was 
born in Gates county, North Carolina, February 18, 1830. His father 
was the founder of the family in this country, having been brought to 
America at the age of two years. This rather young pioneer was Thomas 
Sawyer Spivey, and was born in England, February 25, 1799. When 
quite a young man he married Teresa Eason, his wife being still younger, 
her age being fourteen. She was of Scotch descent. He received a fairly 
good education for those times and came to Illinois in 1832, his profes- 
sion being that of a school teacher. He settled in Shawneetown and taught 
school for a number of years. He was greatly respected in the com- 
munity, both for his learning and for his good common sense. He was 
elected justice of the peace, and in 1856 was elected to the higher posi- 
tion of county judge. He served in this capacity for four years. In 1860 
he moved out to a farm near Shawneetown, and there he died in 1862. 
His wife survived him for many years, and for a long time before her 
death was a living example to all around her of the beauty of Christian 
patience and fortitude, for she was blind for many years. She died in 
1888, having reared the large family of ten children. Sallie, Murray, 
Lydia and Thomas Jefferson were all born in North Carolina. Annie, 
Henry, Mollie, Caroline and Louise were all born in Shawneetown. Of 
these many children all have passed into the Great Beyond save two. 
Caroline is unmarried and lives in Shawneetown and Louise is a widow 
and lives in New Albany, Indiana. 

Thomas Jefferson Spivey came to Shawneetown with his parents in 
1832. He grew up here and received his education in the public schools. 
When the gold fever swept over the country in 1849, he was seized with 
the ambition to go to the west and try his fortune at picking up the nug- 



1216 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

gets. He went to California, but returned two years later, having suf- 
fered disappointment in his search, like so many others. On his return 
he bought a farm seven miles west of Shawneetown, and settled down to 
the quiet life of the farmer. He was married March 12, 1857, to Sallie 
Annie Smyth, born January 27, 1841, a daughter of Samuel Marshall 
Smyth, who was a native of Londonderry county, Ireland, and has set- 
tled in Gallitin county in youth. Success came to Thomas Jefferson 
Spivey. His farm prospered and he won many friends through his pub- 
lic activities. He was a Democrat, and although he never sought office, 
yet he served conscientiously in several minor offices of the community. 
He and his wife were both members of the Presbyterian church, and for 
twenty-five years he was an elder in the Ringgold Presbyterian church, 
while his wife was a leader in many of the church activities. Ten chil- 
dren were born to this couple : Quintin E., Minnie, Marguerite, Addie, 
Annie, William Walter, Samuel Simon, Gertrude, Allen Thomas and 
Marshall. 

Allen Thomas Spivey was born on the Spivey farm, seven miles west 
of Shawneetown, on the 5th of April, 1875. He was educated in the coun- 
try schools until he was of high school age, when he was placed in the 
Shawneetown high school. He attended school during the winters and 
during vacations he worked on the farm, so life did not have much play 
time for this youngster. In 1894 he finished school, but he did not feel 
that he was as well equipped for the world which, from his youthful ex- 
perience, he knew was not one of ease, so he entered a commercial col- 
lege .in Evansville. He remained there during the winter of 1894-1895 
and until 1896 he worked at various occupations, gathering a broad, 
general knowledge of different phases of business. In December of 1896 
he commenced work as an apprentice in a printing office, having decided 
that journalism was the profession which had the strongest attraction 
for him. He did not believe that he could ever become a successful jour- 
nalist unless he possessed some practical knowledge, and furthermore he 
had no powerful friends to get him a position as ' ' cub ' ' reporter. After 
his apprenticeship he followed the trade, working in various offices, but 
it was not long before his chance came to get into the real work of jour- 
nalism. In 1897 he formed a partnership with A. C. Clippinger, and 
they published the Norris City, Illinois, Record. This venture not prov- 
ing to be as successful as he had hoped, he sold out his interest and re- 
turned to Shawneetown in 1898. Here he again took up his trade, and 
worked at it until the winter of 1899, when he went to Henderson, Ken- 
tucky, continuing to work as a printer. No opening seemed to be in sight 
and, as nearly discouraged as it is possible for Mr. Spivey to become, he 
gave up his trade and in the spring of 1900 went to St. Louis and entered 
the employ of a wholesale sash and door company. The call of the print- 
er's ink was too strong for him, however, and whem a chance came to 
go back to his old trade he accepted it gladly. In this capacity he re- 
turned to Shawneetown in the fall of 1900. He only remained in news- 
paper work for a few months, however, becoming a bookkeeper in a hard- 
ware store in the spring of 1901. He also served as the assessor of the 
Shawnee township during the spring of 1901, and in April of that year 
he was elected city treasurer of Shawneetown for a term of two years. 

He had always been economical, and had denied himself many com- 
forts in the hope that some day he might be able to buy a paper of his 
own. Now his dream was realized, for with his small savings he invested 
in a Washington hand press and some type, bought a little printing office, 
and November 8, 1901, the first issue of the Shawneetown Gleaner was on 
the streets. This was the turning point of his career. He was no longer 
to knock about from pillar to post, for the paper was a success from the 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1217 

start. So prosperous was it, in fact, that on the 2nd of March, 1902, al- 
most exactly five months since the first issue, Mr. Spivey was able to an- 
nounce his purchase of the Shaivnee News, a Republican newspaper. The 
Gleaner had been the third newspaper in Shawneetown, and while the size 
of the place scarcely warranted the publication of three papers it could 
easily support two. Mr. Spivey, therefore, consolidated the papers of 
which he was the owner, under the title, The Shawneetown News-Gleaner. 
The paper continued to grow and prospects looked brighter every day. 
The debts were all about paid off on the plant when suddenly disaster 
came in the shape of a fire that destroyed the whole thing on the morning 
of the 4th of June, 1904. The insurance was small and the loss was 
heavy, but success had once come to Mr. Spivey and now nothing could 
discourage him. Taking the insurance money as a nucleus he began all 
over again ; bought another plant and continued to publish the paper 
without missing an issue. His confidence was fully justified, for now the 
paper is one of the most influential in Southern Illinois. He is now 
president of The Southern Illinois Editorial Association, an organiza- 
tion composed of almost every editor in Southern Illinois. He has the 
confidence and respect of all of them and was the only person ever 
elected to the office without opposition. 

He was appointed postmaster of Shawneetown on the 21st of Janu- 
ary, 1907, and is now serving his second term. Now that the Demo- 
cratic party is beginning to show its strength, the Republican party 
should congratulate itself upon the fact that such a loyal worker as Mr. 
Spivey is to be found among its ranks. 

Mr. and Mrs. Spivey are both members and active workers of the 
Presbyterian church in Shawneetown, and in the fraternal world Mr. 
Spivey is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, affiliating with 
Warren lodge, and of the Masonic order, Chapter No. 14, of Shawnee- 
town. 

Mr. Spivey was married in McLeansboro, Illinois, on the 25th of De- 
cember, 1901, to Mary O'Neal Wright, a daughter of T. B. Wright. The 
latter was a soldier in the Union army during the Civil war, and her 
mother was Mary O'Neal, who was the daughter of John William 
O 'Neal. Her father was the nephew of a man who was a political leader 
in Democratic circles in Southern Illinois for many years. This man 
was Judge Samuel Marshall, who was congressman for six terms, the first 
time in 1855-1857, and the last time in 1873-1875. Mrs. Spivey was edu- 
cated in the common schools of McLeansboro and later .attended college 
in Nashville, Tennessee. Mr. and Mrs. Spivey are the parents of two 
children: Mittase Wright Spivey was born on the 10th of September, 
1902, and their son, Allen Thomas Spivey, Jr., was born on the 1st of 
October, 1911. 

Mr. Spivey possesses those characteristics that make a man loved 
and honored by the community. He is straight-forward and conscien- 
tious in all of his business dealings. His prosperity has been built up not 
through snatching the bread from the mouths of someone else, but by 
his own honest, industrious efforts. He is known for his generosity and 
his charity to all who are in need, and he is a man to whom his family, 
his God and his home mean more than all of the wealth and fame in the 
world. He has added much to the material prosperity of the town, not 
only in the erection of his beautiful modern home, which is both com- 
modious and attractive, but also in the business block occupied by the 
postoffice and other offices, which he owns. He is also the owner of other 
property throughout the town. He feels that although he has had a stiff 
battle with life, yet in his ambition to succeeed he has not torn down the 



1218 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

work of others, for his philosophy is, "Work and application to this 
work, and you will find that the world has room for us all. ' ' 

WILLIAM A. WILLIS. Possessing the foresight to recognize the future 
of Sesser as a commercial center and the courage to take advantage of the 
opportunity presented to him, William A. Willis came to this city some- 
thing less than seven years ago with but little capital other than shrewd 
business ability, and through wise investments has won himself a place 
among the substantial men of his adopted locality. Aside from being an 
extensive land owner he has acted in the capacity of postmaster of Ses- 
ser since becoming a citizen here, and in his administration of the gov- 
ernment 's affairs has proven himself an able official of a rapidly-growing 
community. Mr. Willis was born in Jefferson county, Illinois, Febru- 
ary 19, 1854, and is a son of Josiah and Anna Eliza (Cockrum) Willis. 

Tolliver Willis, the grandfather of William A., was born in Tennes- 
see, and came to Illinois with his family at an early day, the remainder 
of his life being spent here in agricultural pursuits. His son, Josiah 
Willis, was born in Jackson county, Tennessee, in 1824, and was a lad 
when brought to Jefferson county, Illinois. His mother dying when he 
was still a youth, he was bound out to a blacksmith at Edwardsville, 
Illinois, to learn the trade, and when the Civil war broke out he enlisted 
in Company A, One Hundredth and Tenth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, as regimental blacksmith, remaining in the service two years 
and ten months. On his return from the army he purchased a small 
farm, and continued to operate this and conduct a 'smithy until his 
death in 1907. Mr. Willis had been an adherent of Democratic princi- 
ples up to the time of the candidacy of Blaine and Logan, but at that 
time, owing to his intense admiration for General Logan, he became a 
Republican, and that party received his support during the remainder of 
his life. Josiah Willis married Anna Eliza Cockrum, daughter of Mat- 
thew F. Cockrum, a native of Kentucky, who became one of Franklin 
county's wealtiest and most highly esteemed citizens and left a large 
estate to his family at his death. 

William A. Willis received few advantages of an educational nature 
in his youth, and his energies as a lad were devoted to tilling the soil of 
his father's farm and working in the blacksmith shop. Inheriting me- 
chanical ability, he became a skilled blacksmith and something of a ma- 
chinist, and for two years worked at the latter trade in Benton. Subse- 
quently he removed to Tameroy, and for the next five years was en- 
gaged in selling machinery for Alva Blanchard, and later followed the 
same line as a traveling salesman. In 1893 he purchased a farm in Jef- 
ferson county, and was engaged in farming until December 16, 1905, 
when he moved to Sesser. Mr. Willis was the first postmaster of Sesser, 
then a village still in its infancy, and the first day's cancellation of 
stamps amounted to twenty-two cents. That the business of the office has 
increased may be seen by the fact that the daily cancellations at this time 
amount to from five to ten dollars per day. As the business has ad- 
vanced Mr. Willis has improved the service, and the courteous and oblig- 
ing manner in which he discharges the duties of the office have made him 
popular with all who have met him in an official way, and the verdict is 
universal that no better man for the office could be found. While he has 
never been an office seeker, Mr. Willis has been tendered office by the peo- 
ple of his community in each section of which he has lived, and while 
residing in Jefferson county was supervisor of his township for eight 
years. Subsequently he was the Republican candidate for county treas- 
urer, and the high esteem in which he was held by. the voters of the 
county was shown when in that stronghold of Democracy he was defeated 
by only thirty-five votes. A popular member of the Odd Fellows, he 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1219 

has passed through all the chairs in that order. Mr. Willis has prospered 
in a financial way as a result of wise and far-seeing investment of his 
means, and he is now the owner of fourteen lots in Sesser, as well as four 
residences and a large business block, property in West Frankfort and an 
excellent farm in Jefferson county. His success has come as a result of 
his own efforts, and he is known as a man who while looking after his 
own interests has always been ready to support movements for the bene- 
fit of the city's interests. 

In 1882 Mr. Willis was married to Miss Rachel Hawkins, of Perry 
county, Illinois, who died in 1888, and to this union one child was born : 
Velma, who is a trained nurse in St. Louis. Mr. Willis was married in 
1903 to Mollie Hartley Kirkpatrick, and they have had three children: 
Lillian May and Russell V., who are in school ; and William H. 

BERNARD JOHN MEIRINK, M. D. One of the prosperous and popular 
physicians of Germantown, Bernard John Meirink, M. D., is a close stu- 
dent of the science which he has chosen as a profession, and in its practice 
is meeting with well deserved success. A native of Illinois, he was born 
July 3, 1872, in Breese, Clinton county, of pioneer ancestry, his grand- 
father, Henry Meirink, Sr., having been an early settler of this section 
of the state. 

The Doctor's father, Henry Meirink, Sr., was born in Germantown, 
Illinois, in 1842. Left an orphan when but three years of age, he was 
brought up in a family named Kniepman, receiving but meagre educa- 
tional advantages. As a boy he worked at farming and odd jobs, finally 
learning the carpenter's trade, which he followed successfully until 1906. 
Having then by persistent labor, thrift and good management accumu- 
lated a competency, he^retired from the active cares of business, and is 
now spending his days in pleasant leisure at Breese. He is a stanch Dem- 
ocrat in politics and a faithful member of the Catholic church, to which 
his wife and family belong. He married, in 1869, Anna Schonefeld, of 
Breese, and to them two sons and five daughters have been born, Bernard 
John being the second child in order of birth. His only brother, Henry 
Meirink, Jr., is a carpenter in Breese. 

Brought up and educated, primarily, in Breese, Bernard J. Meirink 
attended the parochial schools until fourteen years old. He subsequently 
spent three years in the Franciscan College at Teutopolis, Illinois, and in 
1890 was graduated with the degree of A. B. Beginning life then as a 
teacher, he taught for six years in the Becker school in Wade township, 
during which time he took up the study of medicine, for which he was 
eminently fitted. Continuing his studies at the Saint Louis Medical Col- 
lege, he was there graduated with the degree of M. D. in 1899, and the 
following ten months was engaged in the practice of medicine at Dami- 
ansville. Coming from there to Germantown, Dr. Meirink has here built 
up a large and lucrative patronage and is meeting with flattering re- 
sults in his professional pursuits, and has also made for himself an en- 
viable position in both the business and social affairs of his adopted home. 

The Doctor is a member and the president of the Clinton County 
Medical Society; a member of the State Medical Society; and of the 
American Medical Association. He is a Democrat in politics, active in 
public affairs, ajid is now serving his third term as mayor of Germantown. 
He is rendering the city noteworthy service, a fine system of water works 
having been installed under his administration. 

On October, 1899, Dr. Meirink was united in marriage with Frances 
Becker, of Bartelso. the daughter of Henry Becker, a pioneer farmer of 
Wade township. The Doctor and Mrs. Meirink are the parents of three 



1220 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

children, namely : Laura, Edward and Paul. True to the religious faith 
of his ancestors, Dr. Meirink is a member of the Catholic church. 

FRANK T. I. LEPPO. Liberal-minded, enterprising and progressive, 
Frank T. I. Leppo, of Xenia, is a fine representative of the self-made men 
of Clay county, having in early life measured his own ability and hewn 
his way straight to the line thus marked out. Through his own untiring 
efforts he has met with deserved success in his career, being now an ex- 
tensive land owner and an important factor in advancing the mercantile 
interests of the county, as a dealer in hardwood lumber and ties, having 
built up a modest and remunerative trade. A son of Jabez Leppo, he was 
born in Carroll county, Maryland, May 14, 1861. His grandfather, Jacob 
Leppo, a life-long resident of Maryland, served as a soldier in the War 
of 1812. 

Jabez Leppo was born May 21, 1825, in Maryland, where he lived and 
labored for many years. Migrating to Tazewell county, Illinois, in No- 
vember, 1868, he followed farming there for awhile, and then settled in 
McLean county, Illinois, where, after renting a farm for two years, he 
bought land and engaged in farming on his own account. Subsequently 
trading his land for a residence in LeRoy, Illinois, he continued as a resi- 
dent of that place until his death, in 1908. He was a Democrat in poli- 
tics, but took no active part in public affairs. Both he and his wife united 
with the Methodist Episcopal church when young, but during his later 
years he became a member of the Universalist church. 

Jabez Leppo married Katherine Burns, who was born in Maryland, 
December 25, 1835, and died in Illinois, in 1886. Her father John Burns, 
was a native of Maryland, and was in business there as tavernkeeper on 
the turnpike road. He moved to Tazewell county, Illinois, where for a 
number of years prior to his death he bought and managed a farm. 

Obtaining his elementary education in Maryland, Frank T. I. Leppo 
completed his early studies in Illinois, attending school in both Taze- 
well and McLean counties. Reared to agricultural pursuits, he worked 
by the month as a farm laborer a short time, and he farmed for himself 
until twenty-nine years old, when he began as a dealer in grain and live 
stock. ' Coming to Xenia, Clay county, in 1890, Mr. Leppo first engaged 
in the orchard business, later buying and shipping cattle and live stock, 
also embarking in mercantile pursuits. He has been fortunate in most 
of his ventures, his present trade as a dealer in hardwood and ties being 
fair and lucrative. Mr. Leppo also owns five hundred and seventy acres 
of improved land in Clay county, the larger part of which is devoted to 
the raising of grain, the remainder being either good timber or pasture 
land. He has likewise property interests in other places, owning consid- 
erable timber land in Arkansas. 

Mr. Leppo 's business is one of the largest of the kind in the county. 
He uniformly supports the principles of the Democratic party at the polls, 
and although he has never been an aspirant for political honors he has 
served as alderman. Mr. Leppo has never married, and being entirely 
free from domestic cares and tribulations has ample leisure to attend to 
his personal affairs. 

FRANCIS 0. HARRISON, M. D. After thirty-four years .of faithful and 
conscientious labor in the field of medicine in and about Christopher, Illi- 
nois, Dr. Francis 0. Harrison is one of the most highly esteemed physi- 
cians of Franklin county, and during his long and useful career has built 
up an enviable reputation not only in his profession but as an able busi- 
ness man, a successful agriculturist and a citizen of sterling worth. Dr. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1221 

Harrison was born near Mulkeytown, in Franklin county, November 6, 
1846, and is a son of Christopher and Mary (Swain) Harrison. 

The paternal grandfather of Dr. Harrison, Lemuel Harrison, was a 
native of North Carolina, from which state he came to Franklin county as 
a pioneer, and here became successful in farming, and held numerous 
offices within the gift of the people. He served as county surveyor for 
some time, and until his death in 1851 acted as circuit clerk. His son, 
Christopher Harrison, was born in Franklin county, and was engaged 
in farming here in 1850, at the time of the gold rush to California. Join- 
ing the throng that crossed the country to attempt to make their fortunes, 
he was one of the unfortunates who contracted cholera and he died in a 
boat on the Mississippi river, living but six hours. His wife, Mary Swain, 
was the daughter of John Swain, who was born in Tennessee and came to 
Illinois early in life. He also, 'was engaged in agriculture, became well- 
to-do, and at the time of his death, which occurred when he had reached 
advanced years, he was well known all over Franklin county. 

Francis 0. Harrison was able to secure only a meager schooling, as 
the death of his father left the family in humble circumstances, and the 
help of the sturdy young son was needed in cultivating the little prop- 
erty the parent had left behind. He was an ambitious youth, however, 
and lack of attendance at the country schools did not prevent him from ac- 
quiring an education, as whatever time he could find from his work was 
spent in reading and study, and thus he became well informed in a gen- 
eral way. He worked on the home property until he was twenty-two 
years of age, at which time he was able, by investing the money which 
his habits of industry and economy had enabled him to accumulate, and 
by going into debt for a part of the property to purchase himself a little 
farm, and this he started to cultivate. It had been his ambition from 
youth, however, to enter a professional life and when he had cleared his 
land from debt and could see that he was making progress, he started 
to study medicine, with the result that he subsequently entered the Eclec- 
tic Medical Institute at Cincinnati, Ohio, and was graduated therefrom 
in 1878. On his return to his farm he "hung out his shingle," and at 
once began a practice that has grown year by year until today there is no 
better known physician in Franklin county. In the meantime he con- 
tinued farming, and at one time was the owner of five hundred acres of 
land, but in 1909 sold off a farm of two hundred acres. In addition he 
is a stockholder and director in the First National Bank of Christopher, 
has various commercial and financial interests and valuable real estate 
holdings, and is considered one of Christopher's most substantial men. 
Being desirous of increasing his medical education, in February and 
March, 1912, the Doctor pursued post graduate course in the New York 
Post Graduate school and hospital of New York City. Taking up as the 
principal study of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat. Dr. Harrison 
congratulates his good fortune as being a very healthy man. He has 
lived for years in succession, without an ache, or pain. 

In 1868 Dr. Harrison was married to Miss Maria Burkitt, a daughter 
of William Burkitt, one of the pioneer farmers of Franklin county. She 
died in 1881, without issue. The Doctor remaining a widower for about 
three years then married her sister, Emily Burkitt, who died in the year 
of 1891. Of this union three children were born, Lottie, Noba and Littie, 
now living. About five years after the death of his second wife he mar- 
ried Eva Neal, daughter of John R. Neal, a successful farmer of Franklin 
county. Six children were born to them, three boys and three girls. Ivan, 
Velma. Ethan, Ovel, Viva and Neva-Dot, all now living but Ethan, he 
having been about two years old at his death. Dr. and Mrs. Harrison are 
members of the Church of Christ of Christopher, Illinois. He is an Odd 



1222 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Fellow and his profession connects him with the medical societies, being a 
member of The Illinois Electic Medical Society, and also of the National 
and he attends those societies. He has served as a member of the board of 
Pension Examining Surgeons at Benton for over sixteen years and has 
acted as secretary of said board for the last ten years, being secretary at 
the present time. Dr. Harrison is a stalwart Republican in politics, and 
has tried to do much for his party, but has acted as an onlooker rather 
than an office seeker. But for several years he has been a member of 
the county central committee, and has discharged his duties as a citizen 
by serving for a number of years as a member of the school board. His 
long residence of this section has made him hosts of friends, who 
recognize and appreciate his many sterling traits of character. He was 
one of the pioneers of Christopher, Illinois, in starting the little village, 
now a city of about three thousand inhabitants, the Doctor having the 
honor or liberty of naming the town Christopher in honor of his father, 
who at one time owned a part of the land on which Christopher is built. 
In conclusion the Doctor wishes to go on record that he has been 
against the saloon, and since he became a voter he has always voted and 
argued against intoxicants believing that it has been and is causing 
more deaths, destruction and sorrow than anything that was ever placed 
before the public. He fully believes that the poison not only destroys 
the body, but destroys both body and soul. 

DR. LUTHER F. ROBINSON. The dean of the medical profession in 
the village of Ullin and the surrounding country is Dr. Luther F. Robin- 
son. For more than a score of years he has been an active member of 
this little community and he is joyfully welcomed in every home not 
only as their tried physician but as their faithful and loving friend. 
No trouble is too insignificant to win his warm sympathy, no joy is 
quite complete until the Doctor has had a share in it. Beside the close 
ties that bind him to the hearts of his people through his connection 
with their private affairs, he is also interested in the public affairs of 
the community, being president of the First National Bank of Ullin 
and postmaster of the village. 

Luther F. Robinson was born at Statesville, Iredell county, North 
Carolina, on the 26th of February, 1852. Being orphaned in infancy 
he was legally adopted by his maternal grandparents, and knew them 
as his only parents. His grandfather was Henry Robinson, who came 
from an old pioneer family of English origin, whose founder, the 
grandfather of Henry, had settled in North Carolina during colonial 
times. Henry Robinson was born in Davie county, North Carolina, 
He married, and in 1861 moved westward, finally coming to Arkansas 
and settling in Greene county. There his life was devoted to the farm 
and his industry was unbroken until he died, in 1874, during the 
seventy-sixth year of his life. His home was near Gainesville, the old 
county seat of Greene county, and the only time he allowed any in- 
terest to draw him away from his farm was when he was elected county 
judge of the Democratic party. Henry Robinson and his wife had a 
number of children. The oldest, Isabel Olive, was married to a Mr. 
Houston, who disappeared while on a trip into the wilds of the West 
during the infancy of his son and only child. Nothing was ever heard 
that might give some clew to his fate, and his wife died in Ullin, in 
January, 1910, at the age of seventy-six, having only lately been re- 
united to her son after a separation of more than a third of a century, 
Frank Robinson, of Anna, was another child, as were A. W. and Lee 
Robinson, of that city, the last named dying there in recent years. 
Mrs. C. M. Hileman, who died in Ullin, Illinois, and Mrs.-Levi Hileman, 



73fc LIBRAE 
OF THE 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1223 

of Anna, Illinois, were daughters of the old Arkansas pioneer and 
aunts of Dr. Robinson. 

Luther P. Robinson spent his boyhood till he was seventeen on the 
farm of his grandfather, doing the work of a man as soon as his 
strength permitted and gaining what education he could from the dis- 
trict schools. In 1869 the blood of his pioneer ancestors came to the 
surface, and the boy demanded the right to start his own life amid sur- 
roundings of his own choice, making his way yet further west, until 
he reached the frontier of Texas, where he became a cowboy on one of 
the great cattle ranches that then occupied all that vast grassy plain. 
After two years of this wild out of door life he returned to civilization 
and located in St. Louis. He easily, on account of the fine physique 
which his rough life had developed, secured employment. His am- 
bitious spirit was not satisfied with his position, and seeing that his 
great lack was education he began to attend night school. He then 
learned the carpenter's trade, and came into Illinois, making his home 
in Union county. He followed his trade for a time, but he was clearly 
not cut out for a carpenter, so turned to fruit and truck farming near 
Anna. Here he married his first wife, Mahala Jane Chatham, in 
August, 1874. His acquaintance with and marriage into the Chatham 
family probably had a controlling influence in his life, as he took up 
the study of medicine with his brother-in-law, Dr. John R. Chatham, of 
Anna. Becoming intensely interested in the subject and eventually 
deciding that he had found his vocation, he pursued his medical course 
to a satisfactory completion. His first two years of study were spent in 
the old Physicians and Surgeons at St. Louis, which school is now a 
part of Washington University. His next work was taken in the med- 
ical department of the University of Louisville. He graduated from 
there in June, 1889, and established himself at once in Ullin, Illinois. 
He has not allowed the progress of modern science as applied to med- 
icine to slip past unheeded, but has attended the clinics of the best 
known surgeons and doctors of St. Louis and Chicago. For seventeen 
years he has been local physician and surgeon of the Illinois Central 
railroad, and held the position of president of the pension board at 
Cairo for eleven years. 

The first wife of Dr. Robinson was a daughter of Robert and Mahala 
J. (Hood) Chatham. The father was a native of Tennessee, but his 
wife was from Charleston, South Carolina, later moving to Tennessee, 
where her marriage to Mr. Chatham took place. Soon after their mar- 
riage they came to Illinois and settled first in Shelby county, later com- 
ing to Union county. Mrs. Robinson died in March, 1901. The chil- 
dren of this union were : William, an engineer on the Illinois Cen- 
tral out of Mounds; Ida, wife of Robert George, of Mounds, Illinois; 
and Myrtle, now Mrs. John Rowe. In November, 1902, Dr. Robinson 
married Elizabeth Bise, a daughter of Samuel Bise, of Owensboro, Ken- 
tucky. 

Dr. Robinson is one of the leaders of the progressive party in Ullin, 
always standing for any movement that would be of benefit to the 
town and taking an active part in the civic life of the place. He was 
one of the men who pushed the plan of incorporating the village of 
Ullin, and after the successful culmination of this scheme acted as its 
treasurer for nine years. In conjunction with Lawrence Cheiiault he 
founded the first banking house in the village, in 1904, the month be- 
ing June, and in May of the following year he purchased the interest 
of Mr. Chenault. He conducted it as a highly successful institution 
under the name of the Bank of Ullin until 1906, when it was converted 
into a national bank, taking the name of the First National Bank of 



1224 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Ullin. It has a capital of twenty -five thousand dollars, and Dr. Robinson 
has served as its president since its organization. In 1900, feeling the 
need of a reliable pharmacy in his own profession, he established a drug 
business. Many of the substantial improvements throughout the town 
are due to his energy, for one of his dearest wishes is to make a beauti- 
ful town out of the place that has so endeared itself to him. 

In 1909 he received the appointment to the position of postmaster 
as the successor Thomas Myers, which post he now occupies. He abides 
by the tenets of the Republican party and is an active worker in its 
behalf, when the issues are important and the result is in some doubt. 
He is one of the seven oldest members of the Anna lodge of Odd Pel- 
lows, and is a member of the Knights of Pythias. His religious affilia- 
tions have been with the Missionary Baptist church since he was twenty- 
three years of age, and his long membership has been a very active one. 

In his profession Dr. Robinson has served two years as the pres- 
ident of the Pulaski County Medical Society, is a member of the South- 
ern Illinois Medical Society and of the Illinois State Medical Associa- 
tion, as well as belonging to the American Medical Association. 

The position of a physician in the community is like that of a 
minister, one of great responsibility and influence. He must hold 
himself at all times at the call of any one, must always be even tem- 
pered and cool-headed, as an example, if nothing more, for his patients. 
All these requirements seem almost superhuman, but Dr. Robinson has 
fulfilled them so nearly that his people swear he is the ideal physician. 
What unbounded energy he possesses to be able to take the time and 
thought from that most exacting type of practice, that which may call 
him many miles out into the country at any hour of the day or night, 
to enter with the whole of his forceful personality in to the public aff airs 
of his people ! They reward him, however, by returning in full measure 
the love and devotion which he has so freely poured forth for them. 

THE O'GARA COAL COMPANY. Southern Illinois is noted far and 
wide as a section of marvellous natural resource, its splendid tracts of 
rich prairie and forest, its splendid streams and fertile vales being un- 
derlaid by wonderful mineral deposits. The coal fields are of vast ex- 
tent and probably nothing else has given as materially to the general 
prosperity as their development and utilization. One of the greatest 
corporations engaged in this work is the O'Gara Coal Company, which 
in its comparatively brief existence has accomplished wonders and 
whose methods towards employes and in all its commercial dealings are 
most admirable. It is indeed a pleasure to the publishers of a work 
of this nature to accord recognition to an industry which has proved 
as much a blessing to a great section of country and given it such world- 
wide prestige. 

The O'Gara Coal Company was organized in 1905, the scene of the 
councils which brought it into existence being the Marquette Building 
in Chicago. It was capitalized with $6,000,000, and the following 
gentlemen forms its staff of officers: T. J. O'Gara, of Chicago, pres- 
ident ; Thomas J. Jones, treasurer ; and W. A. Brewerton. secretary. 

All the mines of the O'Gara Coal Company are located in Saline 
county, these being twelve in number, with an annual output of seven 
million tons. Six thousand men are employed in a field capacity and 
the pay roll disbursement is $150,000 per month. The company pays 
$10,000 monthly royalty. It has control of thirty thousand acres, whose 
development will doubtless extend over a period of fifty years. To 
speak of the O'Gara Coal Company means to deal in enormous figures 
and phrases. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1225 

The O'Gara Coal Company is particularly fortunate in the men 
who control its workings. H. Thomas is its general manager of mines, 
Ed. Ghent its chief engineer and D. B. McGehee the assistant general 
manager. 

THOMAS SHERMAN GEEHART. One of the most prominent men in 
Sumner is Thomas Sherman Gerhart. He is a lawyer and is un- 
doubtedly one of the best in this section of the state, but his prominence 
in his home town does not come so much from the fact that he is a clever 
lawyer as from the fact that he is public spirited and is eager to do his 
share towards the advancement of the public weal. He has been a res- 
ident of Sumner for a few years only, but he has shown himself so 
sincere in his desire to assist in the onward march that the citizens of 
the town are making that he has won the friendship and confidence of 
all who know him, as a proof of this he has been elected city attorney. 
He is highly respected in his profession, not only for his intellectual 
gifts and for his abilities as an orator, but also for his moral strength, 
which the men of his fraternity can appreciate far more than others. 
He is possessed of a strong will and a determination not to succumb 
to the many temptations that beset the path of the young lawyer today. 
He will not stoop to the tricks of his trade, and trusts to his powers 
of persuasion and to the righteousness of his cause to win his cases for 
him. He has the gift of eloquence in a generous degree and whenever 
he is speaking, he holds his audience enthralled. He is now at the point 
where he has gained a rich experience and a maturity of thought, and 
adding to these his eloquence and his logical mind he has the full equip- 
ment of the successful lawyer. 

Thomas Sherman Gerhart was born on the 20th of April, 1868, in 
Whitley county, Indiana. His father, Jacob Gerhart, is a native of 
Ohio, having been born on the 14th of September, 1840, in Greene 
county. In 1868, soon after the birth of his son, he came to Lawrence 
county, Illinois, and here settled to the life of a farmer. During the 
Civil war he had been one of the Indiana Home Guards, and it was a 
great sorrow to him that he was physically incapacitated to serve in the 
regular army. It seemed hard that he who wanted to go to the front, 
should not be able to, while some men who would have preferred the 
peace and comfort of their own firesides were forced to go. However, 
he met his disappointment as he met all the troubles in his life, phil- 
osophically and cheerfully. He was married on the 24th of March, 
1864, to Margaret Anne Norris, of Whitley county, Indiana. Seven 
children were born of this union, and of these Thomas S. was the second 
child. In politics Jacob Gerhart is a staunch Republican and a worker 
in the party. He is active in the public affairs of the community, and 
some of the best work that he did for his fellow citizens was performed 
when he was highway commissioner for his county. His religious af- 
filiations were with the German Baptists or Dunkards, of which denomi- 
nation he was a very loyal member. 

Thomas Sherman Gerhart spent his childhood" and boyhood on a 
farm in Lawrence county, and his early education was received at the 
hands of the country school teachers in that county. After he had 
finished these, he attended Vincennes University and pursued the com- 
mercial and scientific courses during the four years he spent there. He 
was graduated from the above institution in 1894, with the degree of 
B. S. He then turned to the profession for which he seemed best fitted, 
at the same time determining that he would take up the study of law 
as soon as he was able. The profession- which he chose was that of a 
school teacher and until 1899. he conscientiously tried to impart knowl- 



1226 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

edge to children of his home county Lawrence. During his vacation 
he took various courses in the State University of Indiana, and in the 
evenings throughout the long winters he was never too tired after his 
day's work to pore over his law books. In 1901 he was graduated from 
the State University and received the degree of LL. B. His admission to 
the bar occurred during the same year and he at once began to practice, 
saying good-bye to the school room with a glad heart, for he had for so 
long looked forward to his moment when he should be a full-fledged 
lawyer. 

He first began to practice in Kokomo. Indiana, and remained here 
for seven and a half years, during which time he became a very popular 
and influential member of the community. He was active in the pol- 
itical circles of the town, and was one of the most efficient members of 
the city council. He was also appointed city judge by the governor of 
Indiana and filled this position to the satisfaction of every one. He 
moved from Kokomo to Sumner, Lawrence county, Illinois, in 1909, and 
was soon holding a place of the same prominence in Sumner as he had 
in his former home. His term of service as city attorney has been 
mentioned, and during this term he added to his popularity tenfold 
through the able way in which he discharged his duties. His career 
as a school teacher was undoubtedly a fine preparation for his career 
as a lawyer. He gained self confidence and became accustomed to the 
sound of his own voice. As a teacher he also showed the executive 
ability which has been of so much aid to him in his political work. He 
was not only principal, but also superintendent of the Lawrenceville 
public schools. His ability as an orator was forecasted during his 
career as a student, when he was attending Vincennes University. 

Mr. Gerhart is a member of the Christian church, and is an active, 
earnest worker in the church. He is a trustee of the church and for 
some time was superintendent of the Sunday school. In the fraternal 
world he is a member of the Knights of. Pythias and is master of the 
exchequer Sumner Lodge, No. 702. His ability as a lawyer has been 
greatly enhanced by his thorough understanding of many of the tech- 
nical points of business which he gathered during a business course of 
study which he took in Vincennes University, Indiana. 

Mr. Gerhart was married on the 15th day of June, 1898, to Caroline 
Jennings Clark, a graduate of Indiana State University, and a daugh- 
ter of Reverend T. J. Clark, of Bloomington, Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. 
Gerhart are the parents of three sons: Francis C., Charles T. and 
Emerson T. 

HENRY F. HECKERT. For more than sixty years the Heckert family 
has been prominently identified with the best interests of Washington 
county, of which the subject of this review, Henry F. Heckert, a prom- 
inent agriculturist of Venedy township, is serving his sixth year as 
clerk. He is a native of this township, and was born December 2, 1861, 
a son of Rudolph and Mary (Luebke) Heckert. Mr. Heckert 's father, 
a Hanoverian, born in 1825, was seventeen years of age when he came 
to the United States from the Fatherland, and stopped first in St. 
Louis, where he remained until his advent in Washington county in 
1850. He adopted readily the modes and practices of the New World, 
took a stand with the Republicans in politics, and participated in 
local affairs with his fellow citizens without being drawn into a fight 
for personal success. He died in 1899, and his wife, who was a daugh- 
ter of Rudolph Luebke, passed away in 1868. Of their nine children, 
three grew to maturity, viz: Mrs. Caroline Vortman, of Venedy town- 
ship ; Henry F. ; and Louisa, who died as Mrs. Henry Heitland and left 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1227 

one child. Mr. Heckert married for his second wife Mrs. E. Hodde, 
widow of Chris Hodde, and two children were born, Rudolph and Wil- 
liam C. 

Up to fourteen years of age Henry F. Heckert was a pupil of the 
parochial schools, then spent a year in a public school of St. Louis, and 
to round out his education took a course in Jones Business College in 
that city. Having been brought up on the farm and learned its suc- 
cessful principles, he applied himself to that sphere of industry for 
nearly a quarter of a century in the community of his birth and bring- 
ing up. His fascination for local politics, in which he took an interest 
even before he attained his majority, led him into a race for public 
office for himself, and he was nominated for county clerk as a Repub- 
lican in 1906. His former participation had given him experience in 
county and congressional conventions as a delegate, and when he sought 
the tangible results of political activity for himself he was equipped 
to make his candidacy worth while. He was elected without dangerous 
opposition and took office as the successor of H. F. Reuter, and succeeded 
himself in 1910 without competition in his own party, at present hav- 
ing completed his sixth year as an efficient and conscientious public 
servant. 

On November 15, 1883, Mr. Heckert was married in Johannesburg 
township, Washington county, to Miss Alary Van Stroh, a daughter of 
Henry Van Stroh, a settler from Hanover, Germany, who married 
Minna Holland. Mrs. Heckert is the only child of the four born to her 
parents who reached maturity. She and Mr. Heckert have had three 
daughters, namely : Laura, Ida and Ella. Mr. Heckert maintains his 
interest in agriculture, owning a handsome, well-cultivated property 
in the west end of the county. He holds no other affiliations or con- 
nections save his membership in the Modern Woodmen of America. 
He has many friends in this section, where his genial, jovial personality 
has made him a general favorite- with all who know him. 

ELBEKT WALLER. The county of Union numbers among its citizens 
many skillful physicians, lawyers of state repute, well known manu- 
facturers and business men of much more than local reputation; while 
proud of them the county is not lacking in others who have achieved 
distinction in callings requiring intellectual abilities of high order. 
Among the latter Professor Elbert Waller, the popular and efficient 
superintendent of the Cobden schools, occupies a deservedly conspicuous 
place. No one is more entitled to the thoughtful consideration of a 
free and enlightened people than he who shapes and directs the minds 
of the young, adds to the value of their intellectual treasures and moulds 
their characters. This is pre-eminently the mission of the faithful and 
conscientious educator, and to such noble work is the life of the subject 
of the sketch devoted. 

Professor Waller was born August 24, 1870, on a farm four miles 
south of Murphysboro, Jackson county, Illinois, the son of William 
and Mary (Crawshaw). Waller, natives of Union and Williams counties, 
respectively, both counties being at the time of the birth of these 
worthy people parts of Jackson county. William Waller was born in 
1823, the son of Joseph Waller, a native of Kentucky, and grandson of 
William Waller, a native of Georgia. Joseph Waller found his way 
to Southern Illinois about the year 1811, and settled near Bald Knob, 
Union county. Professor Waller is thus of the third generation ,in the 
state. 

The father of William Waller, previously mentioned, founded the 
family on American shores, coming from England during the Revolu- 



1228 HISTORY, OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

tion. Professor Waller's grandfather, Joseph Waller, took up govern- 
ment land in Union county and enlisted in the Black Hawk war under 
the "Old Ranger." He passed to the great beyond shortly after re- 
turning home from his military services, his death being caused by 
sickness contracted during the war. 

William Waller was a farmer by occupation. After his mar- 
riage he removed to Jackson county and with his brother-in-law entered 
forty acres of land. While a boy in Union county he attended a school 
near Bald Knob, the improvised school house being an old stable in 
which a fireplace was built. This school was taught by ex-Lieutenant 
Governor Dougherty. During the Civil war William Waller belonged 
to an organization opposed to the Knights of the Golden Circle and all 
they represented and several times they tried to take his life. He was 
a man of patriotism and tried to enlist- during the war, but was re- 
jected on account of ill health ; so making the best of things he remained 
at home and looked after. several families whose natural .providers were 
away fighting for the Union. In later years he was very active in hunt- 
ing down horse thieves, with whom the country became infested, and 
he successfully landed several of these undesirable members of society 
in the penitentiary. He was thrice married. His first wife was a Miss 
Ditzler, who died shortly after they were united. He then married a 
Miss Lipe, whose demise several years later left motherless four chil- 
dren, namely: John; W. J. ; Sarah (Crawshaw) and Mary (Crow) de- 
ceased. His third marriage was with Mrs. Mary (Crawshaw) Hagler, 
whose first husband, brother and a cousin were killed in the battle of 
Fort Donelson. The children of this union were five in number and 
concerning them the ensuing data is entered. The first-born was Han- 
nah, who married William R. Lee. Luvisa became the wife of the late 
Dr. Trobaugh, of Murphysboro. She, as well as her husband, is deceased. 
Elbert, the subject, is third. Gilbert is at Herrin, where he is engaged 
in the real estate business. The youngest, Alice, married A. M. Beecher. 
William Waller died after an active life and one full of achievement, on 
December 26, 1891, and his faithful and devoted wife survived him 
until April 14, 1900. He was an able, public-spirited citizen and his 
memory will long be cherished in Jackson county, in which he lived 
from the time he was first married. His wife was the daughter of 
Samuel Crawshaw, a native of Leeds, England, and a farmer by occupa- 
tion, who immigrated to America in 1824 and located in Williamson 
county, at that time a part of Jackson county. In those days the 
redskins still claimed Illinois as their hunting grounds, and he was 
engaged in an Indian war waged against the Indians and a western 
tribe. He died very young and his widow lived to advanced old age. 
A family tradition has it that an ancestor of Professor Waller was a 
relative of Oliver Cromwell and served in his army. 

Professor Waller received his education in the district schools and 
prepared for his profession in the Southern Illinois Normal school. 
The piquant experiences of the primitive schools were not altogether the 
property of his forebears, for he remembers vividly attending school 
in the old Sharon church, seated on long benches, seats and desks, all 
home-made of course. This school housed sixty pupils, these being 
crowded at four desks. There was a small blackboard, three feet by 
three feet, used by the teacher, and the pupils used homemade soap- 
stone pencils. The cracks in the floor allowed the pencils to drop 
through and eager hands were frequently raised by the boys asking, 
(and girls too) "can I crawl under the house and git my pencil." As 
boys will be boys, it is possible that the dropping of pencils was more 
frequent than really necessary. He attended the normal for a time 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1229 

and then Ewing College, where he pursued his studies several terms. 
In 1909 he received the degree of Ph. B. from the latter place. 

Professor Waller began teaching in 1890, and since then has taught 
continuously with the exception of three years. At first for some 
terms he taught rural schools in winter and attended Normal in sum- 
mer. From 1893 to 1896 he was principal of the Ava (111.) schools 
and following that he spent a year in college. In 1898, when pat : 
riotism became more than a mere rhetorical expression, he voluntered 
for service in the Spanish-American war, but through no fault of his 
own saw no active service. During the winter of 1898 and 1899 he 
taught a rural school and following that for a short period engaged 
in the newspaper business and was elected city attorney of Ava, Illi- 
nois. He held this important office one year, from 1901 to 1902, and 
proved remarkably successful in enforcing the laws. From 1901 to 1904 
he was principal of the Percy (111.) schools; from 1904 to 1906 
acted in similar capacity in Tamaroa, Illinois; was principal of the 
Viola schools for the three years included between 1906 and 1909 ; and 
was principal of the Anna high school in 1909-1910. In 1910-1911 he 
was superintendent of the Columbia schools and at the present time he 
holds the office of superintendent of the Cobden schools, having been 
appointed in 1911. He has here, as in preceding scenes, given a favor- 
able ' ' taste of his quality. ' ' 

Professor Waller belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of Percy; and to the Masons and the Modern Woodmen of Tamaroa. 
He is a Baptist in religious conviction. He has no small amount of 
literary ability and has published a brief history of Illinois, which has 
had a wide circulation and much praise. 

In the spring of 1894 Professor Waller was united to Maggie D. 
Clendennon, of Jackson. She is a daughter of Dr. M. W. Clendennon, 
of Rockwood, who died when Mrs. Waller was only about ten years of 
age, and she was reared to young womanhood by her uncle, W. G. 
Wagner. To the subject and his wife have been born four children. 
The first died in infancy ; Arista died at the age of seven months ; Wil- 
lard W. is a lad of twelve ; and Max is five. Both the subject and his 
wife are held in highest esteem, and are active in social circles. 

Professor Weller is energetic, progressive and ambitious in his 
chosen profession and during the brief time he has had charge of the Cob- 
den schools marked advancement has been made. Under the guidance 
of his inspiration a new and modern high school has been erected and 
an elective course is offered that makes his school among the largest 
and best in Southern Illinois. In conclusion it may be said that Profes- 
sor Waller is a very successful school man and a speaker of unusual 
ability. 

REVEREND FATHER JOHN MOLITOR. That friend of all the helpless 
and poor and weak, the Catholic priest, has a worthy representative 
in these pages in the person of Father John Molitor. In this state of 
Illinois, which should be regarded as a part of the great Northwest, 
the Catholic priest should be looked upon, as a class, with peculair 
veneration, for it was a priest of the Roman Catholic church, Pere 
Marquette, who, with his companion Joliet, first explored the prairies 
of Illinois, and later it was these same priests who through their mis- 
sionary labors among the Indians of this section made possible the 
settlement of the country sooner than would have been possible other- 
wise. Father Molitor has been such an intimate factor in the lives 
of the people of Newton for so many years that it would not seem the 

Vol. Ill 10 



1230 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

I 

same place were his familiar figure absent. For thirty-five years he 
has baptized, married and buried. the people of this parish. 

Father John Molitor was born in Clinton county, Illinois, on the 
6th of December, 1845. His father, William Molitor, was a native of 
Germany, having been born at Waterslow, in Westphalia, in 1811. Wil- 
liam Molitor emigrated from Germany in 1836, and, coming to Amer- 
ica, located first in Baltimore. From there he went down to New 
Orleans, and then followed the Mississippi up to St. Louis. He re- 
mained here for a time, and then he came over into Illinois and set- 
tled on the site of the present town of Germantown. This was in 1840, 
and from this time until his death in 1868 he lived the peaceful life 
of the farmer, respected by all who knew him. In 1838 Mr. Molitor 
was married to Gertrude Roeckenhans, also a native of Germany, and 
they became the parents of six children, of whom Father Molitor was 
the fourth. The mother long outlived her husband, dying in 1892. 

The beautiful character which makes Father Molitor so well be- 
loved owes some of its fineness and strength to his early surroundings, 
for he was brought up on a farm, and he was much alone with the 
grass and trees, and at night the stars for company, so he learned to 
think, he learned with Milton that, 

"In contemplation of created things 
By steps we may ascend to God." 

For an education he was sent to the district schools, and later, in 1864, 
to Saint Joseph's College at Teutopolis, Illinois. In 1868 he went to 
Saint Francis Seminary at Milwaukee, and here he remained until 
1874. On the 25th of March of that year he was ordained at Alton, 
Illinois, and went immediately to take charge of his first parish at 
Olney, Illinois. He remained here until 1877, when he was transferred 
to Newton. It was a fortunate thing for the people of Newton when 
Father Molitor arrived in the town on that cold January day in 1877. 
They had not had a priest until a few years before this when Fr. Cor- 
nelius Hoffman had been sent to them, the date of his coming being 
1873. It was as his successor that Father Molitor had been sent, and 
the young priest found plenty of work cut out for him. His first 
work was to build a suitable edifice for the worship of God, and 1880 
saw the completion of a fine brick church. In 1895 fire destroyed 
part of the church building, but the people, led by Father Molitor, 
immediately set to work, improved the old building and rebuilt the 
part which had been laid in ruins, so in 1896 the present beautiful 
building was ready for occupancy. In 1884 the schools were estab- 
lished, and both church and schools are dedicated to Saint Thomas. 
Since there are only one hundred and fifty-five families in the parish, 
this activity is the result of some one person's influence and very nat- 
urally it is that of their beloved priest's. As for the man himself, 
he walks quietly along his peaceful way, with his hand ever out- 
stretched to give help to those who ask it, without a thought of self, 
only asking that he may be permitted to live out his days surrounded 
by those for whom he has given his life and who in return have given 
him their confidence and affection. 

JOHN W. THOMASON. Among the more prosperous young business 
men of Louisville, John W. Thomason must be accorded a prominent 
place. Admitted to the bar in 1899 and beginning the practice of 
his chosen profession in Louisville immediately thereafter, he has in 
the intervening years built up a law practice worthy of a longer 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1231 

period of labor, and in addition has become prominent in stock rais- 
ing circles as a breeder of fine cattle, pure Shorthorns being the 
breed he is cultivating. His united efforts in the law business and 
as a cattle raiser have brought him a prominence in Clay county, 
where he was already well known, that being the county of his birth. 

Mr. Thomason was born on July 5, 1874, and is the son of Wil- 
liam B. and Caroline (Kellums) Thomason. The father was a na- 
tive of Indiana and the mother of Clay county. He was a farmer, 
and when his son, John W., was four years of age, he died. His 
widow survived him until 1901. He was a son of Allen Thomason, 
born in South Carolina, who settled in Indiana, later removing to 
Illinois, where he passed the remainder of his life. He was a farmer 
and a veteran of the Mexican war. The maternal grandfather of 
John Thomason was John W. Kellums, born in Greene county, In- 
diana, who moved to Illinois shortly after his marriage. He settled 
on a farm in the northern part of Clay county, and was there known 
as a large stock-raiser, in which business he was especially pros- 
perous. He was ever a prominent Republican, and was well known 
throughout the county. He has always been in the well-to-do class, 
owning as much as four and five hundred of acres of farm lands. 
He is now retired from the farming business, and is a resident of 
Flora, where he owns the principal hotel of the town. He also still 
retains a goodly quantity of valuable lands in the vicinity of Flora. 

John Thomason received his earlier education in the common 
schools of Clay county and later attended Orchard City College at 
Flora, from which institution he was graduated in 1894. He taught 
school for a few terms by way of becoming accustomed to making his 
own way in the world, after which he studied law in a Chicago law 
school. He also studied in Mercer county, Illinois, and finished his 
studies in 1899, being admitted to the bar of the state of Illinois in 
the same year. He took up the active practice of his profession in 
Louisville, and in the year following the initiation of his practice 
there he was elected to the office of state's attorney, in which he 
served one term. He was elected on the Democratic ticket, although 
Clay county is a stronghold of the Republican party. In the fol- 
lowing election he was defeated for re-election by one vote, at a 
time when Theodore Roosevelt carried the county by a five hundred 
majority. Mr. Thomason has been chairman of the Democratic county 
committee, and has in many and various ways made himself a use- 
ful and valuable adherent of the party. As previously mentioned, 
his operations in the stock-breeding business have brought him added 
prosperity, and he is the local attorney for the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad Company. 

In 1901 Mr. Thomason married Margaret Downing, of Mercer 
county. She is a daughter of John Downing, who is a merchant in 
Joy, Mercer county, and a man of considerable note in his com- 
munity. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomason. 
They are Corinne, Helen and John D. 

Mrs. Thomason is a member of the Presbyterian church, in which 
she takes a sympathetic and dutiful interest, and her husband is 
affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the Masonic order. In 
the latter connection he is a member of the Royal Arch Chapter at 
Flora and has served as master in the Louisville lodge. 

THEODORE L. REUTER has been identified with the milling industry 
at Nashville since 1869 and is a co-manager of the triumvirate chosen 
by the venerable John Huegely to conduct the affairs of his great 



1232 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

flouring mill under the name of the Huegely Milling Company upon 
his retirement from active business life nearly a quarter of a century 
ago. Mr. Reuter is a German, born near Frankfort-on-Main, April 
6, 1845, and was a child of three years when his father, Philip C. 
Reuter, brought his family to the United States and located, after 
two years in St. Louis, at Belleville, Illinois. Philip C. Reuter was 
a tailor, and also carried on a small grocery business at Belleville, 
where he resided until some sixty years of age, when he came to 
Nashville to be near his sons, and died here in 1872, when he was 
sixty-three years old. Mr. Reuter married his wife in the com- 
munity where they both spent their childhood, she being Miss Eliza- 
beth Otto, and her death occurred in 1869. Their children were as fol- 
lows: Henry F., ex-county clerk of Washington county, and now 
engaged in the monument business in Nashville ; Theodore L. ; and 
Rev. William C., a minister of the Methodist church, who holds a 
pastorate in the state of Oregon. 

Theodore L. Reuter acquired his education in the Belleville schools 
and when a youth applied himself to the trade of carriage painting. 
The call to arms of 1861 for the preservation of the Union roused 
him and prepared him for his part in the struggle, even before he 
attained the legal age for acceptance as a soldier. He enlisted in 
August, 1862, at Belleville, in Company H, One Hundred and Seven- 
teenth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, under Captain R. A. 
Halbert, R. M. Moore being colonel of the regiment. This formed a 
part of the Third Division of the Sixteenth Army Corps, with Gen- 
eral A. J. Smith in command of the division. General Hurlbert was 
the first corps commander and General Dodge succeeded him. The 
first active service of the regiment was on the Meridian campaign in 
Mississippi, following which the command was ordered to join Gen- 
eral Banks on the Red river, and it took part in that famous cam- 
paign. Transferring back to the east side of the Mississippi river, 
the campaign around Tupelo, Mississippi, was made and fought out. 
Subsequently the regiment recrossed the Mississippi and took part 
in the defense of Missouri against General Price's army, known uni- 
versally as "The Price Raid," and when this work was done an- 
other order east put them across the river for the fourth time and 
placed them in conjunction with the Union troops operating against 
the Confederate General Hood around Nashville, Tennessee, and they 
helped annihilate that part of the Rebel force in November, 1864. 
After this engagement, the One Hundred and Seventeenth, with other 
troops, was ordered to Mobile and reached there in time to help cap- 
ture Fort Blakely, one of the last Confederate fortifications in the 
South. While waiting for the War Department to get its bearings, 
the command was ordered into camp at Montgomery, Alabama, and 
remained around there until ordered home for discharge and muster 
out, at Camp Butler, Springfield, in August, 1865. During this three 
years of military life, which tried the metal of men as well as their 
courage, Mr. Reuter slipped through between the missiles of the en- 
emy without a wound, escaped capture always, but not hunger. Hav- 
ing discarded his uniform for the regalia of peace, he resumed his 
work with bucket and brush in the town he marched out of as a 
soldier and among the friends of his childhood. 

After a brief period he gave up his trade and took a clerkship in 
a store in Belleville; subsequently, in 1866, came to Nashville to ac- 
cept a like position, and still later went to Chicago as a merchant's 
clerk. In 1869 he returned to Nashville and entered the employ of 
John Huegely as a clerk, and began a career with an enterprise 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1233 

which has held him during his remaining years and to the present 
time. The political, social and church life of the locality has felt his 
influence in a modest way, and the movements which have stood for 
sobriety, morality and order have ever commanded his interest and 
support. He has served on the city council of Nashville, and has 
spent many years as a member of its school board. He is a Repub- 
lican, an active member of the Methodist church, and has been fre- 
quently called to the superintendency of that denomination's Sun- 
day-school. He is an active G. A. R. man locally, has attended their 
state and national encampments at times, has been post commander 
at home, and in other ways has encouraged the welfare of the now- 
dying but still great patriotic order. 

On October 6, 1870, Mr. Reuter was married in Nashville, Illinois, 
to Miss Mary C. Reuter, daughter of John Huegely and a native of 
Mascoutah, Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. Reuter have had the following 
children: Miss Sue, residing in Nashville; Annette, the wife of W. 
R. Jones, of St. Louis, Missouri; Philip G., who married Miss Mar- 
garet Cretsinger and resides in St. Louis; Theo, who married Cor- 
win N. Blackman, of St. Paul, Minnesota; and J. Bertram, who is a 
clerk in the employ of the Huegely Milling Company. 

HIRAM M. AIKEN. One of the most prosperous agriculturists of 
Franklin county, Hiram M. Aiken is an excellent example of the self- 
made man, having started in life as a poor boy, without educational 
or financial advantages, and his present position in life has been 
attained solely through his own efforts. Mr. Aiken belongs to one- 
of Franklin county's oldest and most honored families, members of 
which have been identified with the agricultural interests of Southern 
Illinois for more than eighty-five years. He was born on a farm eight 
miles from Benton, August 17, 1867, and is a son of Robert M. and 
Teresa (Atchinson) Aiken. 

William Aiken, the great-grandfather of Hiram M., was a native 
of Ireland, and after the battle of Culloden, where his family met 
with defeat and their goods were confiscated, he came to America, 
being then eighteen years of age. He joined General Washington's 
army at Philadelphia, served throughout the Revolutionary war, and 
moved to South Carolina, where he died. His father, the first Wil- 
liam Aiken to come to America, and from whom there have been 
over three thousand descendants, was one of the richest planters 
of South Carolina, and his uncle, also named William Aiken, was 
governor of that state in 1860. James Aiken, the grandfather of 
Hiram M., was born in South Carolina, and came to Illinois in 1816, 
settling in Franklin county, where he was engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until his death in 1863. He married Jane McLean, and 
among their children was Robert M. Aiken, who was born in Franklin 
county, May 5, 1822. Reared to agricultural pursuits, Robert M. 
Aiken on attaining his majority took up and cleared a large tract 
of land, became one of the well-to-do agriculturists of his day, and 
died August 25, 1901. He was a Democrat until 1864, at which time 
he joined the ranks of the Republican party. Mr. Aiken married 
Teresa Atchinson, who was born in Hamilton county, Illinois, De- 
cember 20, 1826. daughter of Thompson Atchinson, who was born in 
Baltimore, Maryland, and moved to Tennessee in later years. He 
participated in the War of 1812, and soon after the battle of New 
Orleans came to Hamilton county in search of a Mr. Moore, who had 
come to the Salt Wells and had never returned. After searching for 
some time, Mr. Atchison discovered a skull, which he took back to 



1234 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Tennessee, and which was identified as that of Mr. Moore by means 
of the teeth. Having become impressed with the opportunities of- 
fered the agriculturist in Hamilton county, Mr. Atchison came back 
to this section, where he spent the rest of his life in farming. He 
belonged to one of the distinguished families of Tennessee, being a 
nephew of General Montgomery, of Revolutionary fame, and a son of 
Arnold Atchinson who served during that struggle. Mrs. Teresa 
(Atchinson) Aiken died December 3, 1906, aged eighty years, the 
mother of eleven children. 

Hiram M. Aiken attended Ewing College and the State Normal 
School at Carbondale, and in 1894, while still a student in that in- 
stitution, was elected to the office of county superintendent, receiv- 
ing the re-election in 1902. He is a Republican in politics, and recog- 
nized as a leader in his community, where he has worked faithfully 
in the cause of education. For about fifteen years he taught school. 
but he now gives his attention to farming, owning his father's old es 
tate and four hundred and forty acres of some of the best land in this 
part of the county. He also is engaged in the hay and grain busi- 
ness in Benton. For years he has served as secretary of the Farmer 
Institute, and he is widely and favorably known among agriculturists 
in Franklin county, although he resides in a beautiful residence in 
Benton. He and his wife are consistent members of the Missionary 
Baptist church, and fraternally he is connected with the Odd Fellows 
the Knights of Pythias, the Court of Honor and the Modern Woodmen. 

In 1892 Mr. Aiken was married to Miss Cora Johnson, daughter 
of Robert H. Johnson, an early settler of Franklin county, whose 
people, natives of Tennessee, founded the town of Macedonia. Mr. 
Johnson, who is closely related to Andrew Johnson, served in the 
Civil war, and now resides in Macedonia. Mr. and Mrs. Aiken have 
had ten children: Robert, James, John, Lucille, Paul, Ruby, Marion, 
Edith, William F. and Hiram M. Jr., all of whom are attending 
school with the exception of the last three. Mr. Aiken has an ex- 
cellent record as a public official, enterprising agriculturist and 
highly esteemed private citizen, and it is all the more gratifying to 
him in that it has come as a result of his own individual efforts. 
Progressive in all things and possessed of much civic pride, he has 
been a leader in organizing movements to advance the welfare of 
Franklin county, where the family name has been known and honored 
for so many years. 

JUDGE Louis BEENREUTER, one of the judges of the third judicial 
circuit of the state of Illinois, has been a resident of this state since 
the year of his birth. Since his early manhood he has been actively 
connected with the politics of his section of the state, and he has held 
many important offices and been prominent in the affairs of his city, 
county and district. A man of upright and sterling character, his 
influence has ever been of an order eminently calculated to advance 
the best interests of the community, and as such his career has been 
valuable and praiseworthy. 

Born at St. Charles, Missouri, on the llth of April, 1863, he is 
the son of Conrad and Catherine (Stulken) Bernreuter, the former 
a native of Bavaria and the latter of Oldenburg, Germany. Conrad 
Bernreuter was born in Bavaria, in 1826, the son of well-to-do par- 
ents. He was given the advantage of a liberal education there, and 
when he immigrated to America he was accompanied by his father, 
Jacob Bernreuter, who settled on a farm in Madison county, Illinois, 
and passed the remaindler of his days thereon. He died in 1871, 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1235 

when he was more than eighty years of age. He was the father of 
two sons: George, who died in Bond county, Illinois, as a farmer, 
and left a family, and Dr. Conrad, the father of Louis Bernreuter, 
of this sketch. Dr. Bernreuter had just arrived at the age of eight- 
een when the Mexican war broke out, and he joined Captain Wheeler's 
company, with Colonel Bissell in command of the regiment, and he 
saw service under General Taylor in the routing of Santa Anna's 
army of Mexicans at Buena Vista, Saltillo and other historic places 
near the Rio Grande border. After returning with the victorious 
troops from Mexico, Dr. Bernreuter experienced a call to preach 
the gospel, and for eight years he filled the pulpit of the Methodist 
church in Madison county and other places in Iowa and Wisconsin, 
giving up the work at the end of that time owing to his impaired 
physical health. After this he studied medicine and remained in 
active practice until the time of his death, in 1888. He was a Re- 
publican in his political sympathies, but gave voice to his opinions 
and aid to the party only as a voter at the polls, and never as a 
politician. 

On September 9, 1851, Dr. Bernreuter married Catherine Stulken 
in Madison county, Illinois. Her father, John Stulken, and her 
mother, Margaret Stoffleman, were born in Oldenburg, Germany, and 
were pioneers in Madison county. Mrs. Bernreuter was born May 
18, 1830, and died in 1893, while her husband passed away in 1898. 
Their children were : Lydia, residing in Bison, Kansas ; Esther and 
Amelia, who died in childhood; Dr. Edward, who graduated from 
the Missouri Medical College, took a post graduate course in Berlin, 
Germany, and who took up the practice of his profession in Mt. Olive, 
Illinois, dying there in 1893, leaving a family; Reverend George, a 
graduate of McKendree College and of the Boston University, and was a 
Methodist minister at Compton, Illinois, when he died in 1903 ; Louis, 
of Nashville, Illinois, the subject of this sketch; Helen, who married 
George Ficken and resides at Bison, Kansas ; Emma, who passed away 
at that place as the wife of Fred Humberg; and Matilda, the wife 
of Fred Krumsick, of Nashville, Illinois. 

Louis Bernreuter passed through the public schools of Nashville 
and took \ip the profession of teaching. He followed that work in 
both the country and the graded schools of the county and gave it 
up eventually to pursue the study of the law. He began his studies 
in the office and under the direction and preceptorship of Judge 
Charles T. Moore, of Nashville, and was admitted to the bar upon 
examination in 1894. Of the Republican faith he soon became a figure 
in the politics of that party in his district, and in 1896 became a 
candidate for state's attorney. He was declared elected by a ma- 
jority of two votes on the face of the returns, but lost the decision 
on a recount. In 1901 he was elected city attorney of Nashville. In 
1902 he was elected county judge as the successor of Judge Vernor, 
and in 1906 was again elected, by an increased majority. In 1906 
he was elected circuit judge on the Republican ticket with Judges 
Hadley and Crow, by a majority of over four thousand from the coun- 
ties of Washington, Madison, Bond, St. Glair, Monroe, Perry and 
Randolph. His political record has been one in which he may justly 
show pride, and which is eloquent evidence of the regard of his fel- 
low citizens for him. 

On June 15, 1892, Judge Bernreuter was married in Washington 
county to Miss Minnie Krughoff. a daughter of Fred Krughoff. The 
wife of Fred Krughoff was Miss Wilhelmina Peithman. who bore him 



1236 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

ten children. Judge' and Mrs. Bernreuter are the parents of two 
children : Ruth Ada and Edward Louis. 

JAMES MCDONALD JOPLIN. In the death of James McDonald Joplin 
on February 17, 1911, Benton, Franklin county, Illinois, and in fact 
the whole of this section of the state, suffered an irreparable loss, his 
demise marking the passing of a man who was at all times during his 
life in the forefront in all affairs which tended to make for the highest 
development and upbuilding of this section. In a professional way Mr. 
Joplin was known as one of this locality's most talented and successful 
attorneys-at-law, while his long and faithful service in various official 
capacities in the city and county served to still further enhance his 
fame and he was known to thousands of people in his part of the state 
as a man of comprehensive talents and unimpeachable personal in- 
tegrity. 

James McDonald Joplin was a native of Franklin county, Illinois, 
his birth having occurred near Benton on December 3, 1866. The Jop- 
lins were early pioneers in Southern Illinois, the parents of James Mc- 
Donald, whose names were Howell T. and Anna (Dial) Joplin, hav- 
ing come from their native state of Tennessee to Franklin county in an 
early day, living here until the time of their death. Mr. Joplin, senior, 
was a veteran of the Civil war. The son James spent his boyhood days 
on his father's farm, attending school and participating in such work 
and amusements as ordinarily fell to the lot of the farmer's boy in 
those days. 

After his student days were over Mr. Joplin became a teacher in 
Franklin county schools, pursuing that profession for several years. 
He gave up that work finally, however, to discharge the duties of clerk 
of the county court of Franklin county, to which office he was elected in 
November, 1890. He filled that office with great efficiency for a period 
of four years and after retiring from the position took up the study of 
law and was admitted to the bar of Illinois in 1897. A year later Mr. 
Joplin formed a partnership with D. F. Moore at Benton, and the firm 
handled a lucrative legal business for two years. Mr. Joplin then pur- 
chased an interest in the real estate and abstract business of Judge W. 
F. Dillon, and these two gentlemen continued to conduct the office for 
two years, when Judge Dillon retired from the firm, selling his interest 
to W. F. Spiller the business was accordingly conducted until 1909 
under the firm name of Joplin & Spiller. 

In 1906 Mr. Joplin became the Democratic candidate for Congress 
in the Twenty-fifth Congressional District of Illinois, and notwith- 
standing the district was very largely Republican in sentiment, he ran 
far ahead of his ticket, and, although defeated, was stronger in the 
affection and esteem of his friends than before entering the campaign. 
In 1907 Mr. Joplin accepted the nomination for mayor of Benton, was 
elected and made one of the most efficient officials the city ever had in 
that position. One of the practical monuments of his term as mayor is 
Benton 's excellent sewer system, for the securing of which the city is 
directly indebted to him more than any other individual. In the May, 
1909, term of the circuit court Mr. Joplin was appointed by judge 
Creighton as master in chancery, which position he held at the time of 
his death. Mr. Joplin was an indefatigable worker, an interesting and 
forceful speaker, true to a trust, competent and courteous and dis- 
charged his duties in every official position he ever held with great 
credit to himself and entire satisfaction to his constituents and the 
public at large. 

He was a man of large sympathies and broad interests, and was 



"** 



OF THE 

OF ILU 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1237 

always a potent factor in movements of every description inaugurated 
to serve the public good. In 1898 Mr. Joplin was elected captain of 
Company F, Ninth Regiment, Illinois Volunteers, in the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war. He accumulated a considerable fortune during his life and 
at his death bequeathed a large estate to his family. 

On November 20, 1889, occurred the marriage of Mr. Joplin and Miss 
Mattie Taylor, a daughter of Richard H. Taylor. Mr. Taylor was born 
at Taylor Hill, Franklin county, and died from the effects of a wound 
which he received in the Civil war, he having been a member of Com- 
pany F, Eighteenth Regiment. Mr. and Mrs. Joplin became the parents 
of six children: Clarence D. is engaged in the farm loan business; 
Perna C. in high school here; Percy M. attends a business college at 
Marion; Ruth E. is a schoolgirl, as is also Anna, while the youngest, 
Jama Marie, is not of school age. Mrs. Joplin is one of the leaders of 
social and religious life here. She is a member of the Primitive Baptist 
church, and belongs to the Eastern Star, Rebekah and White Shriner 
lodges. 

JOHN D. HIRONS. Noteworthy among the enterprising and success- 
ful business men of Jefferson county is John D. Hirons, cashier of 
the Farmers' Bank of Waltonville. The great-grandson of John 
Hirons, who settled in Jefferson county, Illinois, in 1829, he comes of 
substantial pioneer stock, and is numbered among the native born 
citizens of the county, his birth having occurred near Waltonville, 
July 25, 1879, on the farm of his father, the late Sidney T. Hirons. 

His paternal grandfather, Benjamin L. Hirons, was born in Ohio, 
and came to Jefferson county, Illinois, with his parents in 1829. He 
subsequently purchased government land in the vicinity of Walton- 
ville, at one dollar and twenty-five cents and acre, and in course of 
time became on of the large landholders of this part of the county, 
and a most prosperous farmer. He died at Waltonville, Illinois, in 
the year 1891, and his widow, whose maiden name was Emily Place, 
afterwards married a Mr. Gilbert and is now living, a bright and 
active woman of four score and four years. 

Sidney T. Hirons, the father of John D. Hirons, spent his entire 
life of sixty years in Jefferson county, his birth occurring in 1850 and 
his death in June, 1910. He married Susan Dodds, who is still living, 
and to them four children were born, as follows : Mrs. Ruth Davis ; 
John D., the special subject of this brief sketch ; Hughs, living on the 
parental farm, one and one-half miles east of Waltonville ; and 
Euterpe, wife of Ray Mannen. 

Receiving his elementary education in the common schools of his 
native district, John D. Hirons afterwards continued his studies for 
a time at the McKendree College, in Lebanon, Illinois. Having acquired 
a thorough knowledge of agriculture during his youthful days, he 
afterwards followed farming for awhile, and from 1903 until 1907 
was engaged in mercantile business in Waltonville. In the latter 
year the Farmers' Bank of Waltonville was organized by the farmers 
of the community, and Mr. Hirons accepted a position as cashier of 
the institution, an office for which he is admirably qualified, and in 
which he has since served most efficiently and satisfactorily. The 
officers of the bank are men of integrity and worth, and include the 
following named officers and directors : President, T. H. Manuen ; 
vice president, Dr. J. W. Jeffries; cashier, John D. Hirons; assistant 
cashier, W. J. Gilbert. The directors are as follows: J. F. Allen, 
H. P. Daniels, W. J. Gilbert, Jarret McCowan, Henry Pero, T. H. 
Mannen, J. D. Dodds, II. H. Davis, J. W. Jeffries, W. R. Shurtz and 



1238 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

John F. Walker. The bank has a capital stock of fifteen thousand dol- 
lars, its list of stockholders comprising about forty-five of the leading 
farmers of this section of Jefferson county, with an individual liability 
of five hundred thousand dollars. 

On April 14, 1903, Mr. Hirons was united in marriage with Lela 
McConaughey, of Waltonville, a daughter of Andrew J. McConaughey, 
and into their pleasant home two children have made their advent, 
namely: Lucille, born February 5, 1904, and Margaret, born Decem- 
ber 9, 1905. Fraternally Mr. Hirons is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and of the Modern Woodmen of America. 

JAMES W. TURNER. Noted as a scholar and an educator, James W, 
Turner, superintendent of the public schools at Carrier Mills, is ad- 
ministering the affairs of his important position with a zeal and effi- 
ciency that is widely recognized and highly appreciated by parents, 
pupils and the community in general. He was born February 20, 
1848, near Nashville, Tennessee, of honored patriotic ancestry, his 
great-grandfather, John Turner, a resident of North Carolina, having 
served as an officer in the Revolutionary war, enlisting for service in 
that state. 

Elijah Turner, Mr. Turner's father, was born in Simpson county, 
Kentucky, but early in the '60s bought land in Williamson county, 
Illinois, and was there engaged in agricultural pursuits until his 
death, at the age of four score years. He served as sutler of a regi- 
ment in the Civil war, but was never identified with any political 
office. He married Matilda McDole, who was born in Simpson county, 
Kentucky, and died on the home farm in Williamson county, Illinois, 
when but sixty-five years old. He belonged to a family of some note, 
two of his uncles, Jackson Williams and Thomas Williams, having 
served in the War of 1812, at the battle of New Orleans fighting under 
General Jackson. 

After leaving the public schools, James W. Turner attended Bor- 
deau Academy, a branch of Vanderbilt University. When seventeen 
years old he came with the family to Williamson county, Illinois, and 
soon after the opening of the Southern Illinois Normal School, at 
Carbondale, entered that institution, and there continued his early 
studies. Thus well equipped, Mr. Turner has pursued his profes- 
sional career, begun in 1866, and for well-nigh a half century has 
been an active and successful worker in educational fields, in the ad- 
vancement of the public school system, having contributed his full 
share. For nine years he taught in the rural schools of Williamson 
county, being afterwards principal of the Crab Orchard schools seven 
years and of the Marion schools in 1883 and 1884. Subsequently 
founding Crab Orchard Academy, Mr. Turner served as its princi- 
pal twenty years. He was superintendent for eight years of the 
Stone Fort high school, which he organized and for five years was 
at the head of the Carterville high school as its superintendent. Go- 
ing then to Creal Springs, he organized a high school at that place, 
and after serving as its superintendent four years, came in 1910, to 
Carrier Mills, where he organized the high school of which he is now 
the superintendent, this being his second year in that position. 

For the benefit of teachers and advanced pupils desirous of tak- 
ing a practical and thorough review of all branches of study on which 
they may be examined for a certificate, Mr. Turner established the 
Carrier Mills Select School, the first annual term of which was opened 
in the Carrier Mills high school building April 5, 1911, with an aca- 
demic and normal department, both of which are well patronized con- 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1239 

sidering the brief time in which they have been in existence. Espe- 
cial attention is given to the special studies of the "Illinois Teachers' 
Reading Circle," "Methods of Teaching" and to the State Course of 
Study," subjects in which the average student and many teachers are 
deficient and likewise those branches of arithmetic and history which 
are not very thoroughly taught. 

Mr. Turner is prominent in institute work, and has served as presi- 
dent of the Tri-county Teachers' Association. Nearly one hundred 
scholars have been graduated from schools which Mr. Turner has 
had in charge, and of these seventy-six have entered the teacher's 
profession, while upwards of three hundred of his pupils have become 
school teachers, and several have become school superintendents. Un- 
der Mr. Turner's efficient management the Carrier Mills schools are 
in a flourishing condition, being located in a magnificent new build- 
ing, with over four hundred pupils in the grades, and as intelligent 
and capable a corps of teachers as can be found in Southern Illinois. 
The high school is well equipped and occupies class rooms in the same 
building. 

Mr. Turner married, in 1874, Millie Cunningham, who was born 
in Marshall county, Mississippi, in 1844, a daughter of William and 
Catherine Cunningham, and a relative of Mrs. John A. Logan. Six 
children have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Turner, namely: 
Rev. James W. Turner, of Edgewood, Iowa, a prominent minister in 
the Methodist Episcopal church, belonging to the Northern Iowa Con- 
ference; Gus H., a printer at Taylorville, Illinois; Richard F. and 
Elijah H., who died in infancy ; Charles H., a printer at Carrier Mills ; 
and Millie R., a teacher. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Turner is a steadfast Democrat. 
Fraternally he has been a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Order of Masons and of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows since 
attaining his majority, and has passed all the chairs in the lodges 
of each organization. He was made a Royal Arch Mason in Marion, 
Illinois, and holds his Chapter membership there. Blazing Star Lodge, 
at Crab Orchard, in which he. took the initiatory degrees of Masonry, 
was for a time inactive, but recently, under the efforts of Mr. Turner, 
it has been revived, and since its removal to Carrier Mills is in an 
exceedingly prosperous condition, with fair prospects of becoming a 
strong and vigorous organization. Mr. Turner is a strong advocate 
of the principles of Christianity and morality, and always puts forth 
his best efforts to kindle a spark of inspiration in the life of his pupils. 
He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and is an active 
worker in the Epworth League and Sunday-school. 

Louis FALLER. As a representative business man and one of Jasper 
county's most public-spirited citizens, Louis Faller, of the large mill- 
ing firm of Faller Brothers, has been prominently identified with the 
development and material prosperity of the city of Newton. He is 
a native of this city, and was born February 5, 1864, a son of Bernard 
and Elizabeth (Theriach) Faller. 

Bernard Faller was born at Barr, Alsace, France (now Germany), 
July 13, 1822, and in 1839 accompanied his five brothers to the United 
States, settling first on a farm in Fox township, Jasper county, Illi- 
nois. After a short period he removed to Chicago and obtained em- 
ployment as a tanner, a trade he had learned in his native country, 
and subsequently sought to enlist in the army for service during 
the Mexican war, but on arriving at St. Louis found that the war had 
closed, and instead joined a party which was en route for the gold 



1240 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

fields of California. After remaining in that state for about four 
years, during which he met with gratifying success, Mr. Faller came 
back to Newton, where he was married in 1854 to Miss Elizabeth 
Theriach, a lady of Vincennes, Indiana, of French descent, whose 
people were among the first settlers of that old city. Fourteen children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Faller, namely : Anthony, M. D., who is 
deceased; James, a retired citizen of Newton; Frank, who died in 
infancy ; Henry, who is engaged in the real estate business at Newton ; 
Thomas, who is deceased; Florent, a prosperous grocer of Newton; 
Louis ; Francis, who is the manager of a sawmill in Arkansas ; Joseph- 
ine, residing at home ; Helena, who is a sister, known as Sister Francis 
DeSales, in St. Joseph's Hospital, at Kansas City, Missouri; Bernard, 
who is deceased ^ Stella, residing at home ; Hubert, a barber of New- 
ton; and Charles, who is a member of the firm of Faller Brothers. 
After his marriage Bernard Faller resided for a short time on a farm, 
and in 1858 came to Newton and organized the Newton Steam Mill, 
which he erected. Two years later the Newton Water Mills was built 
and the mill is still in operation, although the original building burned 
in 1877 and was rebuilt the same year by Mr. Faller. This business 
claimed Mr. Faller 's activities until his death in 1888. He was widely 
known, and held various positions of importance in Newton, serving 
capably on the village and school boards and in other capacities. 
Squire Faller was a Democrat, and was a stockholder in the People's 
Bank of Newton, of which he was for some time president. He died 
in the faith of the Roman Catholic church, of which his widow, who 
survives him and is seventy-three years of age, is also a member. 

The early life of Louis Faller was spent in Newton, where he se- 
cured a public school education. In 1875 he went to work in the old 
mill, and he has since engaged in that line of enterprise. The pres- 
ent firm of Faller Brothers, which bears a high reputation in this sec- 
tion, was organized in 1903 by Mr. Faller and his brother, Charles, 
they buying up the shares of the other stockholders and dissolving 
the old corporation. Five men are employed in producing 144 barrels 
of flour daily, and the well-known "Stella" and "White Lily" brands 
are manufactured. Mr. Faller is a man of marked discrimination and 
tact, and his careful regard for the highest ethics of business has 
gained for him uniform confidence and esteem and a patronage which 
is the natural sequence of correct methods. Politically a Democrat, 
he has served as a member of the city council, maintains a thoroughly 
public-spirited attitude and is held in high esteem by all who know 
him in both business and social circles. He and Mrs. Faller are 
members of the Catholic church, and he belongs to the Catholic Order 
of Foresters, the Court of Honor, the Modern Americans and the 
Newton Commercial Club. 

In 1895 Mr. Faller was married to Miss Josephine P. Shackmann, 
of Newton, and eight children have been born to them, three of 
whom are living, namely: Louise, Elizabeth and Florant. Charles 
Faller was married in 1904 to Miss Molly F. Sullender. They have 
no children. 

JUDGE WILLIAM P. GREEN. Exercising, with marked distinction, 
and impartiality, high judicial functions as county judge of Wash- 
ington county, and recognized as one of the able members of the bar 
of Southern .Illinois, it is but fitting that a record should here be en- 
tered concerning the Hon. William P. Green, of Nashville. He was born 
in Nashville township, Washington county, June 4, 1874, his father be- 
ing one of the farmer citizens of the county who was honored with 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1241 

public office. He left his farm to take the office of county treasurer, 
to which the Republicans had elected him, and the years following his 
retirement were passed on the Green homestead, three miles south- 
west of Nashville, where he died in 1890, at the early age of fifty- 
six years. 

Hugh P. Green, father of Judge Green, was born in 1834, in St. 
Clair county, Illinois, from whence he came to Washington county. 
His father was Burget Green, who settled near Marissa, St. Clair 
county, as a pioneer and spent his life there as a farmer and school 
teacher. He had these children : Parker, who died in 1890, at Mar- 
issa, as a farmer and left a family ; James, who passed away there in 
the same vocation and was the father of children ; Polly, who married 
Abraham Teter and died near New Athens, Illinois, with issue; Rob- 
ert, who died in Missouri ; Isabel, who died at Marissa, unmarried ; 
and Hugh P. In 1849 Hugh P. Green joined the throng moving on 
California, went out through Texas and Mexico, and sought his for- 
tune in the gold fields. He engaged in prospecting at once, and dur- 
ing his absence of several years gathered together with pick and pan 
enough gold dust to pay for the Green homestead in Washington 
county, which he bought and settled on before the outbreak of the 
Civil war. He was educated limitedly, save for his varied experience 
.in the affairs of men, and he applied himself to the popular features 
of farm life until elected to care for the public funds of his county. 
In political matters he was a stalwart Republican. 

Hugh P. Green was married in Washington county, Illinois, to 
Miss Elizabeth Troutt, a daughter of the venerable Nashville patri- 
arch, Elijah Troutt. Mr. Troutt came to Nashville in 1863 and re- 
sumed his trade of blacksmith, following it until old age ordered his 
retirement. He came from Elkton, Todd county, Kentucky, where 
he grew up from a lad of a dozen years and where his father, Joseph 
Troutt, had settled in 1833. The latter was a North Carolina man, 
was a schoolboy during the progress of the Revolutionary war, moved 
to Lebanon, Tennessee, and spent a few years just after his mar- 
riage, and there his son Elijah was born. His wife was a Miss "Wall, 
and it is said that they brought their eleven children to years of ma- 
turity without the aid of a doctor. Joseph Troutt died at the age 
of one hundred and ten years, in Todd county, Kentucky. 

Elijah Troutt and his sister, Polly Sneed, were the only mem- 
bers of the family to migrate to Illinois. While he was sparingly 
educated, he was fond of literature and possessed himself of a fund 
of general information by daily reading. He seems to have been a 
typical "village blacksmith." with an active and well-balanced mind, 
and capable of defending his convictions in extemporaneous debate. 
He was an ardent Prohibitionist and. anti-slavery man during war 
times and on the eve of the secession movement was challenged by a 
preacher of the community to debate with him publicly the question 
whether liquor or slavery were the greater evil. He was assigned 
the slavery end of the question, and although his was a pro-slavery 
community and he flayed the institution without mercy, the judges 
gave him the decision. While troops were being enlisted for the Mex- 
ican war about Elkton, Mr. Troutt was a fifer at the head of the 
column marching under martial music to arouse public interest in the 
cause. He was subsequently captain of a militia company and still 
later colonel of a militia regiment. He married his wife in the com- 
munity where he grew up, she being Lucinda Carson, daughter of 
Samuel Carson, an Englishman, whose wife, a Miss Waggoner, was 
born in Germany, and Mrs. Troutt was the third of their six children. 



1242 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

The issue of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh P. Green are as follows : Martha, 
the wife of W. E. Darrow, of O 'Fallen, Illinois; Mary, who married 
O. H. Burman, and resides in Washington, D. C. ; James, of Schaller, 
Iowa; William P., the subject of this sketch; Dr. G. A. Green, of 
Hoyleton, Illinois; Anna, the wife of H. J. Mueller, of Nashville, 
Illinois; Viola, now Mrs. George Ausmeyer of this city; and Hugh 
P., who completed his course in law in the Northwestern University, 
Chicago, in 1912. 

William P. Green attended high school in Nashville, Illinois, and 
spent two years in the law department of McKendree College. After 
his admission to the bar he taught school two years in Washington 
county. He then engaged in law practice and was made city attorney 
of ' Nashville. He soon formed a partnership with Judge Louis Bern- 
reuter in the real estate and loan business and was appointed manager 
of the Washington County Abstract Company, which business they are 
still carrying on as W. P. Green & Company. In 1910 MrT Green be- 
came a candidate for the office of county judge before the Republican 
primaries and was nominated and subsequently elected. He took the 
office upon the retirement of Judge Bernreuter, and is giving a most 
excellent administration of the affairs of this important judicial office. 
Judge Green has established a thorough reputation for comprehensive 
legal knowledge and for ability to apply it. He is a logician as well 
as a close student, and is highly regarded by his fellow members of 
the bench and bar, and has the full confidence and respect of the 
public at large. 

Judge Green was married May 21, 1907, in Washington county, 
to Miss Clara Becker, a daughter of William Becker, the oldest shoe 
merchant in Nashville, and three children have been born to this 
union, namely: William, Vera and Porter E. 

JOHN R. BONNET, well known in Clay county and Southern Illinois 
as a prosperous farmer and a prominent attorney in this section of 
the state, was born in Monroe county, Illinois, on the 27th day of April, 
1848. He is the son of Philip C. and Nancy (Fisher) Bonney, the 
former born in Cumberland county, Maine, in 1808. He came to Illi- 
nois in 1840 and settled in Monroe county, later moving to Jackson 
county. A stone mason by trade, he followed that occupation all his 
life. When the Civil war broke out he enlisted in Company A of the 
Thirty-first Illinois, in the command of General John A. Logan, and 
after a continuous service of eleven months he sickened and died three 
days after being sent home. Mr. Bonney saw much active service dur- 
ing the months of his enlistment, passing through the siege of Vicks- 
burg and participating in many important engagements. His widow 
survived him until May 12, 1908, when she passed away at the family 
home. She was a woman of sterling character and all womanly traits, 
and was always a member of the Baptist church. She was a charter 
member of the New Design Baptist church, the first Baptist church or- 
ganized in the state of Illinois, and was ever an enthusiastic and honored 
member of the organization. Her father, Thomas Fisher, the grand- 
father of John R. Bonney, was a native of Tennessee. He settled in 
Illinois in an early day and there passed his life as a farmer. He was a 
highly respected member of society in his community, and lived a 
worthy and useful life in his quiet way. 

John R. Bonney was educated in the common schools of Clay county, 
and finished with two years in Shurtleff College at Upper Alton, after 
which he taught school for two terms. In 1877 he settled on a farm in 
Clay county, and there lived the quiet life of a farmer. He was elected 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1243 

justice of the peace, and for twenty consecutive years held that office 
In the meantime he prosecuted a carefully outlined course of law study, 
and in 1896 was admitted to the bar. In 1898 he was elected to the 
office of county judge, succeeding himself in that office in 1902. It was 
not until then that he entered into the active practice of his profes- 
sion, forming a partnership with Judge A. M. Rose, prominent in 
Louisville and Clay county, and for two years he carried on a wide 
practice, meanwhile farming "by proxy," as he says. Mr. Bonney is 
a veteran of the Civil war, having served in Company E of the One 
Hundred and Fifty-fifth Illinois Regiment for a term of seven months. 
He is and always has been an active Republican, as was also his father. 
Mr. Bonney has prospered in all his undertakings, and his farm of 
three hundred and seventy-five acres is a source of much pride to him, 
as well as a considerable income. He is at present filling the position 
of city attorney in Louisville in addition to his general practice, and 
is an all-around busy, business man. He is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

In 1869 Mr. Bonney married Miss Samantha Erwin, and of their 
union six children were born. They are: Laura, who married J. H. 
Chandler; Etta, who became the wife of George W. McGlashan; Lillie, 
who married Elijah G. Johnson; Maude and Jessie, both living in the 
parental home; and Roscoe, principal of schools in Springer, New Mex- 
ico. The wife and mother died in 1898, and on November 9, 1900, Mr. 
Bonney contracted a second marriage, when Miss Jennie Wolf became 
his wife. She is the daughter of Jacob Wolf, an early settler in Clay 
county. One son has been born of this later union, Harold Hobson, 
now attending school. Mrs. Bonney is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and is interested an active in all its departments of 
service. 

CARL ROEDEL. Unless the modern lawyer is a man of sound judg- 
ment, possessed of a liberal education and stern training, combined with 
a keen insight of human nature, there is not much chance of his meet- 
ing with success. The reason for this lies in the spirit of the age, with 
all its complexities. Modern jurisprudence has become more and more 
intricate because of new conditions and laws and in their interpreta- 
tion. Years of experience, constant study and natural inclination are 
superinduced upon a careful training in the case of Carl Roedel, whose 
career as an attorney-at-law has been marked with many successful out- 
comes for his clents. His heart is in his work and he brings to it an 
enthusiasm and belief in its importance which would probably result 
in his being raised to the bench were it not that his political convictions 
have made him a member of the party now in the minority in his sec- 
tion of Illinois. Mr. Roedel, whose field of practice is the city of 
Shawneetown, Gallatin county, was born in Van Wert county, Ohio, 
September 30, 1842, and grew to manhood at Decatur, the county seat 
of Adams county, Indiana, whence his parents had removed when he 
was a child. 

Mr. Roedel was educated in Vermilion Institute at Hayesville, Ohio, 
taught school awhile in Indiana, and for a period of three years was 
principal of the schools of Mt. Carmel, Illinois. In 1868 he came to 
Shawneetown as principal of its schools for one year, and even at that 
time the attendance was about what it is today, although the school 
buildings were poor and the system had not. advanced to its present 
efficiency. Miss Joanna Golden, who was one of his assistants, has 
taught school here for more than half a century and is still engaged in 
the profession here. Later Mr. Roedel taught at Grayville, in the 



1244 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLI\ 7 OIS 

meantime assiduously studying law, and in 1871 he was admitted to 
practice, locating in Shawneetown the year following. Since that time 
he has devoted himself unreservedly to his profession and has been very 
successful in his chosen line, that of civil practice. He has served as 
counsel in almost every case of any importance in Gallatin county dur- 
ing this time, and several with which he has been connected have at- 
tracted widespread attention, especially the famous "Riverside Tax 
Title Case," involving title to the widely -known Riverside Hotel, the 
only case on record that has had three rehearings before the supreme 
court. The former state treasurer Ridgeway and the then member of 
congress Townsend were the leading spirits in this case, which gave op- 
portunity to fight out long existing personal, political and business 
animosities, the questions involved interesting the profession generally. 
For some five or six years Mr. Roedel's son, Charles K., a graduate in 
law from Wesleyan College at Bloomington, Illinois, has been his 
partner. An earnest Republican, casting his first vote in 1864 for 
President Lincoln, Mr. Roedel has been an active and earnest worker 
for his party, the campaign of 1896 especially demanding his efforts 
on the rostrum to counteract the Free Silver movement. He stands 
high in his profession, many of the members of which would be pleased 
to see him occupy a seat on the circuit bench, but an overwhelming 
Democratic district leaves little chance for a Republican to be elected. 
Mr. Roedel was married at Mt. Carmel, Illinois, to Miss Sarah 
Frances Koser, and they have reared a family of seven children. He is 
an elder in the Presbyterian church and has been active and liberal in 
his support of religious and charitable movements, especially in the 
Sunday-school, of which he has been the head for many years. Mr. 
Roedel belongs to the old school of lawyers, although progressive in his 
methods and ideas, and is of gracious and genial personality and 
courteous bearing. Widely acquainted throughout Gallatin county, he 
has hosts of friends both in and out of his profession, regardless of 
political views, and is justly regarded as one of this section's most 
eminent attorneys. 

PROFESSOR HENRY W. HOSTETTLER. The reputation of Professor 
Hostettler as an educator is not alone confined to Olney, nor yet to 
Richland county, but is familiar to the educational circles of all South- 
ern Illinois. His work during the years of his service has been of an 
excellent order, and has won him a reputation for efficiency and ad- 
vanced ideas that is wholly consistent with the close and careful appli- 
cation he has given to all matters of educational interest. 

Henry W. Hostettler was born in Richland county, June 7, 1868, 
and is the son of Peter and Elizabeth (Balmer) Hostettler, the former 
having been born in Ohio, of Swiss parentage, while the latter was born 
in Switzerland. Peter Hostettler came to Illinois as a young man and 
settled on a farm in Richland county, where he still lives. He has 
been highly successful in his labors in agricultural lines and is widely 
known in Richland county as a stock raiser of much ability and success. 
He is an enthusiastic Democrat, and both he and his wife are members 
of the German Reformed church. His father was Joseph Hostettler, 
born in Switzerland and an immigrant to Ohio in early life. He was 
a physician and practiced his profession in Ohio for forty years. The 
maternal grandfather of Henry "W. Hostettler was a native of Switzer- 
land, coming first to Indiana and later to Illinois, where he devoted 
himself to farming pursuits, in which he was particularly successful, 
being known as one of the well-to-do men of his district. 

The higher education of Professor Hostettler was obtained mainly 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1245 

through his own efforts, as after he left the common schools he was 
left to his own resources in the matter of his continued studies, and he 
attended the Southern Illinois Normal school by teaching school in the 
winter and prosecuting his studies in the summer, continuing in that 
way until he had finished his normal course of instructions. He was 
principal of schools at Bridgeport from 1895 to 1898, and in the latter 
year was elected superintendent of schools of Lawrence county, serving 
one term. He was then made city superintendent of schools at Law- 
reneeville, where he remained for four years, filling the position with 
credit to himself and in a manner that was highly beneficial to the 
schools. His next position was as principal of the township high school, 
a place which he filled for two years, coming to Olney as superintendent 
of schools in 1911. His labors thus far in Olney have been rewarded 
by a pleasureable degree of success and he is regarded as the right man 
in the right place by his constituency. 

Professor Hostettler is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and is 
an adherent to principles of the Democratic party, whose cause he has 
ever supported in a whole-souled manner. During his term of service 
in Lawrenceville he was twice elected to the office of mayor, happily 
demonstrating his fitness for other positions of responsibility aside from 
his educational work, to which he has devoted the greater part of his 
life thus far. He is the owner of a fine farm in Lawrence county, as 
well as other outside interests, but none of these have been permitted 
to interfere with the fullest and most conscientious performance of his 
duties in his educational capacity. He has been a member of the Revi- 
sion Committee of the State Course of Study, serving from 1900 to 
1902. and while a member of that committee he did excellent work for 
the commission. Professor Hostettler was a teacher of mathmatics in 
the State Normal at Normal, Illinois, during the summer term of 1911, 
in which branch he was particularly successful. He has done a vast 
amount of institute work and has held various offices in the Teachers' 
Association of Southern Illinois, his high reputation among the educa- 
tional interests of the state being well earned and one of which he is 
eminently deserving. 

In 1894 Professor Hostettler married Stella Shaw, a daughter of 
Hutchings Shaw, a native of Ohio, now a resident of Lawrence county. 
Three children have been born to the union of Professor and Mrs. Hos- 
tettler: Jean, Pern and Mary. The two eldest are attendants at the 
Olney schools, while Mary is but eighteen months old. 

ETHELBERT CALLAHAN was born in Licking county Ohio, December 
17, 1829. His father was of Irish and his mother of English descent. 
His grandfather, the Rev. George Callahan, was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion and a pioneer Methodist preacher in Ohio. In 1849 he came to 
Crawford county, Illinois, and that winter taught a three months' 
school at fifteen dollars a month and says that when paid he felt richer 
than ever since. He edited the Wabash Sentinel in 1853-4, after which 
time he went to Marshall and edited the Telegraph during the Know 
Nothing campaign of that year. On the 27th of June, 1854, he mar- 
ried Mrs. Mary Barlow Jones and has since resided in Crawford county. 
In his boyhood he heard Thomas Ewing make a great legal argument 
and decided in boyish fashion that he, too, would be a lawyer, but 
years had passed leaving the ambition still ungratified. In 1857 he 
was elected justice of the peace, began to read law and in 1859 was 
admitted to the bar. In 1861 he opened an office in Robinson, and 
commenced an active practice. His career as a lawyer has been emi- 
nently successful, and this has been achieved by an untiring devotion to 



1246 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

his profession, a profound knowledge of the law, the patient study that 
gave him complete mastery of his cases and a rare faculty for seizing 
opportunities in their trial, a genius for examining witnesses and an 
unfailing judgment of men, strong, earnest argument, and the high 
standard of honor and courtesy to friend and foe that entitles a man 
to call himself in a true sense a lawyer. 

The general practice of a country lawyer necessarily includes every 
branch of the law and all classes of cases, from the most trivial to the 
most serious character, involving life, liberty, reputation and the numer- 
ous rights of property arising out of the diversified pursuits and com- 
merce of the country. This kind of a practice enlarges the knowledge 
and broadens the mind of a lawyer who keeps up with its demands. Mr. 
Callahan has not lagged behind his professional brethern but has won 
his full share of important legal battles. As a recognition of his char- 
acter, ability and standing as a lawyer the honorable degree of Doctor 
of Laws was, in June, 1898, conferred upon him by McKendree College. 

Mr. Callahan claims the distinction of having made the first speech 
in the county for the Republican party. As a Republican he has been 
a member of the twenty-ninth, thirty-seventh, thirty-eighth and thirty- 
ninth general assemblies of the state. As presidential elector he voted 
for Garfield and Harrison. He was a member of the Methodist church 
and was, in 1874, a delegate from the Southern Illinois Conference of 
that church to the general conference held in Brooklyn. Mr. Callahan 
was one of the organizers of the Illinois State Bar Association, was its 
president in 1889, and has contributed to it several valuable papers, 
among which was "The Lawyers of the Bible," which has been exten- 
sively copied. 

He is also one of the largest farmers in the county, and his farm 
on the banks of the Wabash is an exponent of the best scientific methods 
of farming. 

EDMUND C. PARK, M. D. After nearly forty years spent .in minis- 
tering to the needs of suffering mankind, Dr. Edmund C. Park, of 
Flora, Illinois, has practically retired from the practice of his profes- 
sion and is now living a semi-retired life on his handsome farm in Clay 
county. During the Doctor's long and useful career he has been phy- 
sician, soldier, merchant and agriculturist, and at all times a public- 
spirited citizen, and no one has the confidence and esteem -of his fellow 
men in a greater degree. Dr. Park was born in South Carolina, Octo- 
ber 18, 1836, and is a son of Edmund C. and Susan M. (Wilkins) Park, 
both born in that state. 

Thomas Park, the grandfather of the Doctor, was a prominent edu- 
cator and occupied a chair in Columbia College, Columbia, South Caro- 
lina, where he died, and where he was the owner of a large plantation 
and a number of slaves. His son, the father of our subject, was edu- 
cated to be a physician, and in 1840, with his wife and children, came 
to Illinois, settling at Greenville, Bond county, where he practiced 
medicine until 1849. Dr. Park then started for California, having 
contracted the gold fever, and with eight other adventurous souls started 
to cross the country overland. When the little party was near Inde- 
pendence, Missouri, however, the cholera plague struck their camp and 
three of the party, including Dr. Park's father, passed away, the lad 
then being only thirteen years of age. He was left alone with his 
mother, who was the daughter of Samuel Wilkins, a native of South 
Carolina and a Missionary Baptist missionary and preacher for many 
years. He moved to Illinois in 1844 and entered land, but only re- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1247 

mained a short time, returning to his native state, where his death oc- 
curred. 

The early education of Edmund C. Park was secured in the schools 
of Greenville, Illinois, where he had as a schoolmate the late Robert 
Ingersoll. After the death of his father he went to California, but did 
not remain long in that state, returning by way of the Isthmus. While 
on the return journey, and in Havana, Cuba, he witnessed the public 
execution of Narciso Lopez, the Spanish- American filibuster, who after 
a career marked by murder and revolutionary activities was put to 
death September 2, 1851. On his return to Illinois, Dr. Park took up 
the study of medicine under the tuition of his uncle, Dr. C. K. Hender, 
of Olney, and he subsequently entered the Chicago Medical College, 
being graduated therefrom. He began practice in LaClede, Illinois, 
where the outbreak of the Civil war found him, and in 1862 he gave 
up his practice to answer the call for volunteers. Becoming first lieu- 
tenant of Company H, Sixty-second Regiment, Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry, he was soon promoted to the rank of captain and detailed 
to hospital duty. He served with distinction with the same organiza- 
tion until the close of the war, having an honorable record for faith- 
ful, cheerful and capable service, and then returned to LaClede to 
pick up the broken threads and resume his practice where he had 
left off. In 1872 Dr. Park moved to Flora, and there began a prac- 
tice that lasted for something like forty years, during which time he 
gained the affection and confidence of his fellow men in an excep- 
tional degree. Known as an experienced physician and surgeon, and 
as a man who had served his country, his practice was large from the 
start, but each year found him widening his circle of patients, ac- 
quaintances and friends, and when he decided that he had completed 
his duty and that he had earned a rest from his labors the community 
expressed their regret in no uncertain terms. During five years the 
Doctor was the proprietor of a pharmacy, but of this he also dis- 
posed, and he is now living practically retired, the greater part of 
his attention being given to apple raising. He has been deservedly 
successful in a material way, and in addition to his large farm is 
the owner of considerable city property in Flora. Always conscien- 
tious in regard to public duty, Dr. Park has been called upon to fill 
various offices, and he is now acting very capably as county coroner. 
He has been stanch in his support of Republican principles, and the 
leaders of the party in Southern Illinois consider him one of their 
valuable workers. For many years a Mason, he belongs to LaClede 
Lodge and Chapter, being past master of the former and having 
represented it in Chicago more than forty years ago. He and his 
family attend the Presbyterian church, and all are well known in 
religious and charitable circles. 

In 1857 Dr. Park was united in marriage with Miss Emma Dowler, 
daughter of Frank Dowler, an early settler of Indiana, who later 
moved to Fayette county, Illinois, being a merchant at the time of 
his death in Vandalia. Mrs. Park died in 1896, having been the mother- 
of four children, as follows : Emma Lula, who is living with her 
father and acting as his housekeeper during his declining years ; Kate, 
who married William J. Selby and resides in Flora ; Marion, de- 
ceased, who married Samuel Norwood, of South Carolina, and was 
living in that state at the time of her death ; and Dr. Edmund C., Jr., 
who now has an excellent practice in Chicago, and who was for fifteen 
years one of Flora's best known professional men. 



1248 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

CHARLES B. COLE is vice-president of the H. C. Cole Milling Com- 
pany and president of the Wabash, Chester & Western Railroad Com- 
pany. He was born at Chester, Illinois, May 6, 1845, and is a represen- 
tative of one of the old families which has been conspicuous for three- 
quarters of a century in commercial and industrial affairs at this point. 
Mr. Cole, of this notice, has passed his life in the development of one of 
the leading flour mills of Illinois and as a promoter of a line of trans- 
portation which has availed much for this community in the interchange 
of commodities. 

Mr. Cole 's father, Hermon C. Cole, was born in Seneca county, New 
York, in 1813, and was brought into the Mississippi valley when he was 
eight years of age. His father, Nathan Cole, the founder of the family 
in this section of the country, passed his milling interests to his son, 
Hermon C., when the latter was about twenty-five years of age. The 
original progenitor of the Cole family in America was of English origin 
and he came to this country during the early colonial epoch of our na- 
tional history. 

Hermon C. Cole was reared on the banks of the Mississippi and, 
while he acquired but little education within the walls of a genuine 
school, he developed power with experience and demonstrated a large 
amount of latent capacity in the building up of his mill business. His 
citizenship was marked for its lack of activity in political matters and 
for abstention from fraternal societies. He was originally a Whig but 
later became a Republican, casting a vote for Fremont in 1856. He 
manifested a general interest in current news and discussed public 
questions of moment intelligently whenever drawn into conversation. 
He was an easy talker but never essayed to speech-making, preferring 
to be a layman rather than a leader. He was about five feet, eight 
inches in height and weighed one hundr.ed and fifty pounds; his move- 
ments and expression were indicative of a man of achievement. In 1844 
Hermon C. Cole married Miss Emily Cocks, the ceremony having been 
performed at Stamford, Connecticut. Mrs. Cole was a daughter of 
Richard Cocks, and Englishman by birth and a mill-wright by occupa- 
tion. It is interesting to note that from the pond of the old Cocks mill 
property the city of Stamford gets its water supply today. Mrs. Cole 
died in 1859, and her honored husband passed away October 20, 1874. 
Their children are here mentioned in respective order of birth, Charles 
B. is the immediate subject of this review ; Zachary T. is a resident of 
Los Angeles, California; Mrs. Alice Smith resides at Alton, Illinois; 
Henry C. is connected with the H. C. Cole Milling Company, as will be 
noted in following paragraphs; Eunice is the wife of George J. Ken- 
dall, of St. Louis; and Edward E. is engaged in business at Fargo, 
North Dakota. Hermon C. Cole married for his second wife in Feb- 
ruary, 1862, Mrs. Sarah J. Flanigan, and of this union there were born 
Cora V., who died February 19, 1892 ; Hermon and Grace, who live in 
Upper Alton, Illinois; Nathan, who lives in Springfield, Illinois; and 
Newell, who died January 24, 1896. 

After completing the curriculum of the public schools of Chester, 
Charles B. Cole was matriculated as a student in the engineering de- 
partment of Harvard University, in which excellent institution he was 
graduated as a civil engineer in 1&67. When ready to assume the active 
responsibilities of life he came to the aid of his father in the mill, with 
the business of which he has been identified during the long intervening 
years to the present time, in 1912. 

Following is an article devoted to the H. C. Milling Company, 
which will here be reproduced in its entirety. The same appeared in 
the Modern Miller under date of March 3, 1906. 



OFTHt 
10NERSITY OF ILUSK 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1249 

"The Cole family of Chester, Illinois, have operated a flour mill 
continuously for sixty-seven years and probably conduct the oldest mill- 
ing company in the Mississippi valley. The Coles were pioneers in the 
milling trade of the west and the milling industry established by the 
first generation has thrived and continues one of the most successful 
in Illinois. C. B. Cole and H. C. Cole have large interests, aside from 
milling, in railroads and corporations, but their milling industry they 
look upon as their inheritance, in which they take special pride. The 
history of the Cole family and the Chester mill is an interesting one. 

"In 1820 Nathan Cole came from western New York to St. Louis, 
Missouri. In 1821 his wife followed him with six boys, floating on a 
raft with twelve other families, from Olean Point, New York, to Shaw- 
neetown, Illinois, and from there across Illinois to St. Louis in an ox- 
cart. Mr. Cole engaged for several years in packing beef and pork at 
East St. Louis, near where the Southern Railway freight station now 
stands. In 1837 he moved to Chester, Illinois, bought a large body of 
land and started a saw mill with a corn stone attachment. In 1839 he 
built a flour mill with two run of four-foot stones and a small pair for 
corn. At this time there was not enough wheat raised in this section 
to feed the people and considerable flour was brought from Cincinnati 
and other points East. 

"Nathan Cole died in 1840. He was succeeded by his third son, 
Hermon C. Cole, who operated the mill with varying success until 1847, 
the year of the Irish famine, when for the first time he made a fair 
profit out of the business. This, with the active markets caused by the 
Mexican and Crimean wars, gave him sufficient means to build, in 1855, 
a then up-to-date mill, with four run of four-foot stones and one three 
and one-half pair for middlings. 

"With the new mill and the splendid wheat raised in the vicinity 
of Chester, he determined to make the best winter-wheat flour that good 
machinery and skill could, and he sold it under the brand of FFFG. 

"This flour soon took the place it was intended that it should have 
and until the introduction of purifiers it stood at the top and com- 
manded a corresponding price. 

"This was accomplished by using only the best of the wheat grown 
in this section. The lower grades were used to make a flour sold under 
the brand of Coles Mills Extra, which stood very high in the southern 
markets; the FFFG, being sold principally in eastern markets. 

"During a part of the time from 1840 to 1861 H. C. Cole's oldest 
brother, Abner B. Cole, was associated with him. In 1861 A. B. Cole 
moved to Turner, Oregon, where he died at a ripe old age. In 1873 
purifiers were introduced into the mill but no attempt was made to in- 
troduce a purified middlings flour. 

"In 1868 Mr. Cole admitted his son, Charles B. and Zachary T. 
Cole, as partners under the style of H. C. Cole & Company. He then 
removed to Upper Alton, Illinois, where he died October 20, 1874, at 
the age of sixty-one years. The mill was sold in 1875, in settlement of 
the estate, to his sons, C. B. Cole, Z. T. Cole and Henry C. Cole, who 
continued the business under the old firm name of H. C. Cole & Com- 
pany. In 1878 the mill was enlarged to eight run of stones. 

"In 1883 the old mill was wrecked and new machinery installed, 
changing to the full roller process, with a daily capacity of five hundred 
barrels. At this time the brand of Omega was established for the 
patent grade and the old brands FFFG and Coles Mills Extra were 
retained for the clear flour. By the same care in the selection of wheat 
and skill of manufacture the new brand of Omega was soon established 



1250 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

and has maintained its supremacy as one of the highest grades of winter 
wheat patent to the present time. 

' ' In 1872 an elevator of 80,000 bushels capacity was built. In 1888 
another of 125,000 bushels was built, which, with four country elevators, 
gives a total storage capacity of 250,000 bushels of wheat, insuring an 
ample storage capacity for a thoroughly uniform grade. There are 
warehouses for the storage of 7,000 barrels of flour. 

"In 1888 the business was incorporated with a capital of $100,000, 
as the H. C. Cole Milling Company, with H. C. Cole, president; Z. T. 
Cole, vice-president; and C. B. Cole, secretary and treasurer. In 1882 
C. B., Z. T. and H. C. Cole purchased a half interest in the Star & 
Crescent Mill in Chicago and Z. T. Cole went there and assumed the 
active management of the same. He continued in this position until 
1890, when his health failed and his interest was sold to Clinton Briggs. 
Z. T. Cole removed to Los Angeles, California, where he still resides, 
but retains his interest in the Chester mill. In 1895 P. H. Ravesies 
purchased an interest in the H. C. Cole Milling Company and was its 
manager until 1905, when he sold out. He was succeeded by E. P. 
Bronson, who purchased his interest and was elected a director and 
treasurer of the company. The mill has been enlarged and new 
machinery added until now it has a capacity of 800 barrels per day, 
with a trade that takes the full output. 

"Thus for sixty-seven years the mill has been run continuously by 
three generations; the present one being well along in years they must 
soon give way to new faces, none of the fourth generation being dis- 
posed to follow the old trail. 

"This, in brief, is the history of what, so far as known, is the old- 
est mill in the Mississippi valley run by the same family. ' ' 

In company with several parties Charles B. Cole purchased the 
Wabash, Chester & Western Railroad at the receiver's sale and upon 
the reorganization of the company he was chosen vice-president and 
general manager in 1878. Some years later he was made president of 
the company, a position he still holds. In politics Mr. Cole is a Demo- 
crat and he served his district in the capacity of representative to the 
state assemply in 1887. He attended Democratic state gatherings and 
helped make state tickets as a delegate until 1896, when the party be- 
came Bryanized and adopted a platform which he could not and did 
not endorse. He gave encouragement to the "sound money" element 
of the party and was an alternate delegate to the Indianapolis con- 
vention which nominated Palmer for president. He opposed what was 
said then to be the un-American policies of Mr. Bryan and has op- 
posed their author since in his efforts to reach the presidency upon a 
more modified declaration of principles. 

Mr. Cole was first married at Walchville. Illinois, in 1869, to Miss 
Laura Layman, who died in 1878. The children born to this union 
were : Burt, a mining engineer ; Miss Alice, of Chester ; Una, wife of 
P. C. Withers, of Mr. Vernon, Illinois; and Miss Edna, of Chester. In 
January, 1882, Mr. Cole married Miss Mary Palmer, of Hampton, New 
Hampshire. This union has been prolific of one child, Marion, who is 
the wife of Dr. R. G. MacKenzie, of Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

JOHN H. HENSON. Active and energetic, possessing good business 
ability and judgment, John II. Henson occupies an assured position 
as one of the leading general merchants of Xenia, and as mayor of 
the city is rendering efficient service. He was born December 25, 
1864, in Wayne county,' Illinois, which was likewise the birthplace 
of his father, W. C. Henson. His paternal grandfather, Reuben Hen- 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1251 

son, a Kentuckian by birth, migrated to Illinois during the twenties, 
took up land from the Government, and was there employed in tilling 
the soil until his death, while yet in the prime of a vigorous manhood. 
His wife, who survived him, married for her second husband Jerry 
Chapman, a pioneer settler of Wayne county and a well-to-do farmer. 
Philip Henson, father of Reuben Henson, was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary army. 

Born December 16, 1844, in Wayne county, W. C. Henson began 
his career as an agriculturist, and for thirty years owned and occu- 
pied the same farm. He is now living three miles south of Xenia, 
where he is still engaged in general farming. During his earlier 
years he was an adherent of the Democratic party, but since the year 
in which William McKinley was nominated for the presidency he has 
voted the Republican ticket. Both he and his wife are members of the 
Church of Latter Day Saints. The maiden name of the wife of W. C. 
Henson was Nancy Catherine Martin. She was born in Wayne county, 
Illinois, December 29, 1846, a daughter of Andrew Jackson Martin, 
whose birth occurred, in 1809, near Wheeling, West Virginia. Mr. 
Martin came to Illinois about 1839, entering a tract of land in Sanga- 
mon county. Subsequently entering land in Wayne county, Illinois, 
he was there prosperously engaged in farming until his death, in 1902. 
He was a man of pronounced ability, by wise management and invest- 
ment acquiring a large property, at one time owning a thousand acres 
of land. Two of his sons, Henry Martin and James Martin, served as 
soldiers in the Civil war, James dying from the effect of wounds re- 
ceived on the battlefield. 

Receiving his high school education in Salem, Illinois, John H. Hen- 
son completed his early studies at Hayward College, in Fairfield, Illi- 
nois, although he was not graduated from that institution. Taking up 
then the profession for which he was so well fitted, he taught school 
from 1887 until 1891, after which he was employed at the Orchard City 
Bank, in Xenia, for a time. Resuming his educational work in 1893, 
Mr. Henson taught school until 1908, meeting with good success as an 
educator. Locating then in Xenia, he has since been here engaged in 
mercantile pursuits, having a finely stocked general store, which he is 
managing with most satisfactory success, his honest integrity and up- 
right dealings having won for him a large and substantial patronage. 
Mr. Henson is also interested in the agricultural development of this 
part of the state, being the owner of a farm lying near Xenia. 

On September 26, 1902, Mr. Henson married Nellie Mayfield, a 
daughter of James M. Mayfield, a well-to-do and highly respected man, 
who is distinguished as being the oldest resident of Xenia- Mr. May- 
field was born January 14, 1837, in South Carolina. As a young man 
he migrated to Georgia, where he lived until after the breaking out of 
the Civil war, which swept away all of his property, leaving him pen- 
niless. Coming to Illinois in 1864, he began working at the carpenter's 
trade, in that capacity building, or helping to build, the most of the 
houses in Xenia. He is now carrying on a good mercantile business, 
dealing extensively in lumber and building materials. Mr. and Mrs. 
Henson have three children, namely: Gladys Ray, assisting in her 
father's store; Inez Mae; and Harry Mayfield. 

Politically Mr. Henson is identified with the Democratic party, and 
as a true and loyal citizen has never shirked the responsibilities of 
public office, having served for three years as assessor of Xenia town- 
ship, and being now not only mayor of Xenia, but also clerk of its 
school board. He is likewise president of the Township Democratic 
Central Committee. Fraternally he is a member of the Independent 



1252 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Order of Odd Fellows, in which he has passed all the chairs; of the 
Daughters of Rebekah; of the Improved Order of Red Men; and of 
the Modern Woodmen of America, in which he has served as clerk 
three years. Religiously Mr. Henson belongs to the Church of the 
Latter-Day Saints, while Mrs. Henson is a member of the Methodist 
church. 

"W. H. PIPPIN. One of the conspicuous figures in the recent history 
of Jasper county is the present popular and efficient sheriff whose name 
introduces this review. It should be added, however, that his popularity 
is far greater with the sound law-abiding citizenship than with that 
class whose business unfortunately takes them out of the straight and 
narrow path, for the duties of his office are scrupulously carried out by 
him, the chief custodian of the law. He is influential in local Demo- 
cratic councils and takes an active part in the many-sided life of the 
community. 

Mr. Pippin is a native son of Jasper county, his birth having oc- 
curred in Crooked Creek township, August 1, 1870. His father, Bird 
Pippin, was born in middle Tennessee, November 16, 1846, and came 
to Illinois aftQr the Civil war. He had at first served in the Confed- 
erate army under General Longstreet, but as soon as he received his 
discharge he joined the Tennessee volunteers of the Union Army, his 
sympathies being with the cause it represented. Upon coming to Illi- 
nois he engaged in agriculture and continued in this line of activity 
until his demise in 1905. He was married in 1868 to Mary Jane Kil- 
burn, of Jasper county, and of the three children born to them, Mr. 
Pippin is the eldest and the only one living at the present time. The 
wife and mother died in 1874 and the father married again, Martha N. 
Hudson becoming his wife. Four children were born to the second 
union. The second Mrs. Pippin died in 1891. The subject's father is 
Democratic in politics and is one of the highly respected men of his 
locality. 

W. H. Pippin has spent almost his entire life in Jasper county and 
no one is more loyal to its institutions or more ready to advance its 
welfare. He received his education in the public schools and when 
quite young learned the barber trade, which he followed for seventeen 
years. In the meantime he held a number of offices, his faithfulness to 
any public trust soon becoming apparent. For two terms he was town- 
ship clerk, for an equal space of time was village clerk and for one 
term, village trustee. He finally gave up barbering and served two 
years and ten months as city marshal. In January, 1910, he resigned 
the office of city marshal to make the race for sheriff and was elected 
by a very large majority. He carried the primaries by three hundred 
votes and the general election by a large majority. He still holds the 
office and has two deputies. He spares no pains to be agreeable to all 
having business to transact in his office, while his determination to en- 
force the law to the letter and bring law-breakers to justice has made 
his name a terror to evil doers within his jurisdiction. Determined to 
carry out the mandates of the court and execute the laws as far as main- 
taining the peace is concerned, he has been untiring in his efforts, and 
has brought to the bar of justice a number of hardened criminals. 

Mr. Pippin was married at the age of twenty-one to Delia Rice, who 
became the mother of one daughter, Velva Irene, who was left mother- 
less by her death on Christmas day, 1899. The subject was married in 
1902 to Iva Bunton, and by this union there are two other daughters 
Viva Leora and Hally Lee. 

Sheriff Pippin is of wholesome social and fraternal proclivities and 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1253 

takes great pleasure in his affiliations with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Modern Woodmen of America and the order of Ben 
Hur. 

HOKATIO C. CHAFFIN. Clay county claims a goodly number of pros- 
perous business men who have distinguished themselves by worthy 
accomplishments in a financial way, but among them all none is more 
prominent or more worthy of mention in this history of Southern Illi- 
nois than is Horatio C. Chaffin, whose principal labors have been along 
educational lines, but who has been variously connected with financial 
and commercial enterprises of distinctive character. 

Born in Clay county, Illinois, January 4, 1873, Horatio C. Chaffin 
is the son of John and Mary E. (Claypool) Chaffin, both natives of 
Ohio, the former of Scioto county and the latter of Ross county. John 
Chaffin was a carpenter by trade, and he was also an experienced 
farmer. He came to Illinois as a young man and when he died he had 
achieved a fair measure of success, judged by the standards of his 
time. His demise occurred in 1886, and he left an estate of four hun- 
dred acres of fertile Illinois land. He was a Republican of staunch 
faith, and with his wife was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
They reared three sons, all of whom are living at this time. John Chaffin 
was the son of Reuben and Sarah Chaffin, the former born and reared 
in Ohio, and there he passed his life and finally died. He at one time 
entered Illinois land from the government, intending to move there, 
but never did so. After his death his widow came to Illinois and died 
in this state. The maternal grandfather of Horatio C. Chaffin was 
James Claypool, born in Ohio. His son, the uncle of the subject, is 
H. C. Claypool. member of congress for the Chillicothe, Ohio, district. 

Horatio Chaffin was given the advantage of a broad education, 
which he put to excellent use in later years. He finished the schools 
of Clay county, and after graduating from the high school of his town 
entered McKendree College at Lebanon, Illinois, where he was gradu- 
ated in due season with the degrees of B. S. and LL. B. Thereafter he 
taught school for nine years in Clay and St. Clair counties, and was 
for some time superintendent of the schools of the city of Flora. He 
was editor of the Olney Republican at Olney, Illinois, the oldest news- 
paper in Southern Illinois, and while acting in that capacity demon- 
strated amply his fitness for work in an editorial capacity. In 1902 
Mr. Chaffin established the Rinard Banking Company at Rinard, Illi- 
nois, but he eventually sold out his interests in that organization and 
returned to Flora, where he reorganized the Bank of Flora, becoming 
its cashier. Later, in connection with C. McDaniel, of Rinard, he or- 
ganized the Farmers and Merchants Bank at Creal Springs, Illinois. 
He is also financially connected with a grain and seed business in 
Flora, the name of the concern being Borders Chancy & Company, this 
being one of the largest concerns of its kind in the state of Illinois. 

Mr. Chaffin is a Republican, although he has never been a candi- 
date for office. He rather inclined toward helping his friends in their 
political struggles than to struggling for himself. He is a Mason and 
a member of the Modern Woodmen. He is widely known in and about 
his community, and is regarded as a particularly able young business 
man by those who have watched his career thus far. 

In 1899 Mr. Chaffin married Miss Olive Miller, the daughter of Dr. 
L. T. Miller, for thirty years a practicing physician in Southern Illi- 
nois. He has now retired from active practice and is passing his de- 
clining years on a farm near Collinsville. One son has been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Chaffin. 



1254 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

ARCHIBALD B. MCLAREN. Among the many well known mining men 
of Southern Illinois, the popular superintendent of the Chicago Big 
Muddy Coal and Coke Company, of Marion, is one of the most efficient. 
He has spent most of his life in this work, and save for a short period 
has pursued his vocation in the state of Illinois. 

Mr. McLaren has behind him a long line of sturdy Scotch ancestors, 
he, himself, having been born in Dunfermline, Scotland, on the 6th of 
January, 1873. His father was William McLaren, who was born in the 
same little Scotch community in 1850, and his mother was Miss Mary 
Kennedy, whom William McLaren had married in his native Scotland. 
Five years after the birth of Archibald the family came to the United 
States, sailing from Glasgow to New York and thence by way of the 
Great Lakes making their way into the interior of the country, 
through Chicago as the gateway. They made their way down to 
Streator, Illinois, where they remained until 1884, when the father 
decided to try his fortunes in the south, and moved to Charleston, 
Arkansas, where he expected to engage in mining, which industry 
had been his means of livelihood in the "Auld Countree." Condi- 
tions not being favorable there, he loaded his family and his house- 
hold goods upon two ox-carts and made his slow way across the 
state into the sparsely settled territory of Oklahoma, passing through 
the densely peopled Choctaw nation, whose many strange and weird cus- 
toms made a deep impression upon the Scotch wanderers. Reaching Mc- 
Alester, Oklahoma, he established his family at Krebs, in the vicinity of 
which place he resided during the several months he spent in the territory. 
Here it was that his son Archibald was first instructed in the proper 
methods of mining coal, for that was the father's business. When he 
returned to Illinois some time later he continued as a miner, and has 
followed that vocation in the central part of the state ever since, at 
present being at work in the mineral field about Cuba, Illinois. 

Mrs. McLaren died in 1883, at McAlester, Oklahoma, leaving three 
children, Archibald B. ; Annie, the wife of William Townsley, of Cuba, 
Illinois; and Lizzie, who married George Craft, of Cuba, Illinois. Be- 
sides the loss of his wife Mr. McLaren lost his mother and a son during 
his residence in Oklahoma. He later married Eliza .Lewelling, at 
Streator, Illinois, but has no children by this second marriage. 

Owing to the migratory life of the family and the primitive condi- 
tion of part of the country in which his youth was spent, Archibald 
B. McLaren gained only snatches of education and after he was grown 
and married did not possess even a common school education. As a 
mere lad he was induced to enter the mines at McAlester, by the advice 
of a physician, who told him, in brief, "either mine or move." Bur- 
rowing into the depths of the earth seemed to agree with him, and he 
worked at his father's side then and for some time after the family 
returned to Illinois. 

While living at Streator he left the mines to take up railroading, 
but he preferred the life underground and in less than a year was back 
in the diggings. In 1895 he left this locality and went to Carbon Hill 
in Grundy county, where the Star Coal Company had other mines. 
Here it was that ambition awoke within him, and the interesting event 
that enabled him to become, instead of one who works with his hands, 
one who works with his head, took place. At this time he was a co- 
workman with other miners, as black and grimy as any one of his fel- 
lows, with no thought of ever becoming anything else, but he had wise 
friends and a wonderful wife, and at the advice and urging of these 
he was persuaded to take a course in the Scranton Correspondence 
Schools on the subject of mine managing. His wife was a powerful 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1255 

factor in his success, encouraging and aiding him in doing the work 
efficienty, and later helping him to prepare for the examination. How 
thorough had been his preparation was shown by the ease with which 
he passed the state examination. He was appointed a manager by the 
Star people some time before he left their service. 

From Carbon Hill Mr. McLaren came to Williamson county in 1901. 
Mr. Goodall, the superintendent of the Chicago Big Muddy, and the 
man who had originally developed the property, was about to retire. 
Mr. McLaren was offered the position, as his successor, which he ac- 
cepted, and has held ever since. This position is one of the most re- 
sponsible superintendencies in the Marion vicinity, the mine giving em- 
ployment to some three hundred men and producing about eighteen 
hundred tons of coal daily. 

Mr. McLaren met his wife at Streator, when they were both chil- 
dren, and he was a boarder in the Peters' home, of which family she 
was a member. She was Emily, the daughter "of Joseph Peters, and 
was born July 1, 1878. Her father was a native of England and Mrs. 
McLaren was born across the water. As a young boy, while he was 
attempting to master the science of digging coal, she was wont to aid 
him in his attempts to master fractions, as she later helped him to 
equip himself for the position he now holds, so in literal truth she has 
been a helpmate. The children of this union are William, Joseph, 
Eliza, Mary and Esther. 

Mr. McLaren is a Republican, but evinces no special interest in 
the game of politics, although he holds himself ready to accept. any civic 
responsibility with which he may be shouldered. He served Carbon 
Hill as a councilman, and has also performed a life service for Marion, 
acting from the Third ward. He is at present serving his third term 
on the school board. He is an active member of both the Masons and the 
Knights of Pythias, being a member of the Blue Lodge and of the 
Chapter at Marion, and belonging to the Mt. Vernon Commandery, to 
the Oriental Consistory and to the Medina Temple at Chicago. He was 
made a Knight of Pythias at Streator, was transferred when he went 
to Carbon Hill, and again on his removal to Marion. Here he is a 
member and chairman of the Knights of Pythias building committee, 
and is also a member of the joint committee of the Knights of Pythias 
and the Masons on the erection of their hall in 1911. He is likewise a 
member of the building committee of the Methodist church in the erec- 
tion of their new edifice, under construction in 1911. He was one of 
the promoters of the Citizens Trust and Banking Company, holding 
stock in that institution, and he is also a stockholder in the El Dorado, 
Marion and South Western Railway Company. 

The above long list of outside interests goes to show that Mr. Mc- 
Laren has not allowed the responsibility of business cares to wholly 
absorb him, but has sought a wider field of activity. Scarcely enough 
credit can be given to this man, who simply through inertia might have 
allowed his splendid faculties to atrophy, but instead set to work and 
overcame his early handicap. In doing this he did not, after having 
reached the goal, turn from his old friends, but in his good fortune 
always has an eye for the ill fortune of others, is glad to help any man 
with his counsel and advice, just as he himself was helped. This is 
perhaps the true reason for his popularity. 

HARVEY W. SHRINEB. Foremost among the leaders of the legal 
profession in Southern Illinois, Harvey W. Shriner stands pre-eminent 
as one who has achieved success in his chosen profession. He has long 
practiced in all the courts of the state, and has handled successfully 



1256 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

some of the most important cases that have come to litigation. His 
courteous and kindly disposition, together with his alert and enter- 
prising mind and his excellent preparation for his work, has brought 
about his reputation as one of the representative men of Clay county. 

Harvey W. Shriner was born in Vinton county, Ohio, October 25, 
1861. He is the son of Silas and Susan (Luse) Shriner, both natives 
of Ohio. Silas Shriner was a farmer and came to Clay county, Illinois, 
in October, 1864, where he remained until his death, which occurred 
in June, 1906. His father Francis Shriner, the grandfather of Harvey 
W., was a native of Pennsylvania, who afterwards removed to Ohio 
and devoted his life to farming interests. The mother of Harvey W. 
Shriner is still living and is a resident of Flora. She is a woman of 
splendid character and pleasing personality and is passing her declin- 
ing years happily in the love of her children. Six children were born 
to her, five of whom are now living. They are : Ibbie, deceased ; Mrs. 
Louisa Frame, of Chicago; Harvey W., of this review; Albert G., of 
Springfield, Illinois ; Mrs. Ida MacGregor, of Flora ; and Pearl V., who 
is living on the old farm home, five miles from Flora. 

Mr. Shriner received his early education in the public schools of 
Flora, later attending a business college at Cairo, Illinois. He then 
completed a course at the National University at Lebanon, Ohio, in 
which institution his scholarship was of an especially high order. Af- 
ter graduating therefrom he taught school for six winters in Clay 
county, performing his work with all efficiency and winning high rep- 
utation as a teacher. But the life of a pedagogue did not appeal to him, 
and he felt that he possessed the ability for greater things. The law 
especially appealed to him, and after some deliberation he began the 
study and was admitted to the bar in February, 1887. In June of that 
year he formed a partnership with one D. C. Hagle, prominent in legal 
circles in these parts, and that partnership endured until dissolved by 
the death of Mr. Hagle in 1897. The two formed a particularly strong 
combination and built up a splendid practice during the years of their 
association. Since the death of his partner, Mr. Shriner has conducted 
his practice alone, although his ever increasing popularity makes him 
a very busy man. 

Since his earliest association with the legal profession Mr. Shriner 
has taken an active part in the political life of his community. In 
1888 he was elected state's attorney of Clay county on the Republican 
ticket, and was re-elected in 1892, which term was followed by re- 
election again in 1896. The excellency of his service is vouched for by 
the number of terms he was called to the office. He was a member of 
the board of education of Flora for several terms and supervisor of 
his township. In 1904 Mr. Shriner was named for the office of repre- 
sentative to the state legislature, and he was elected to the office by a 
flattering majority, running away ahead of his ticket at the election. 
He employed his time as a representative in a manner that was con- 
clusive proof of the wisdom of his constituents. He was known to be 
one of the strong advocates of local option, and did much for the fur- 
therance of the cause. In November, 1905, Mr. Shriner was appointed 
deputy revenue collector for Division No. 4 of the thirteenth district 
of Illinois, which position he has filled with all credit and efficiency. 

Aside from his many other interests Mr. Shriner has devoted some 
of his time to farming and is the owner of a very fine farm in Stanford 
township, Clay county, near to Flora. It is well equipped and wisely 
managed, and among his stock, of which he is an excellent judge, may 
be found many of the better breeds. In a fraternal way, he is a Ma- 
son and a Woodman. He has ever been a power in the civic life of his 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1257 

community, and his labors in behalf of his city and county have been 
of a most unselfish nature. The dominant qualities of his life have 
been of an intense and forceful nature, and the success of his career is 
but the natural outcome of such a character as his. 

Mr. Shriner has been twice married. In September of 1885 he was 
united in marriage with Emma Critchlow, of Louisville, Clay county, 
the daughter of an old and highly esteemed family of that place. 
Three sons were born of their union : Austin D., Carlton C. and Silas. 
Mrs. Shriner passed away in January, 1896. In recent years Mr. 
Shriner married Miss Francis Higginson, of Flora, and they are the 
parents of a daughter, Mabel. 

JOHN E. McGouGHEY, prominent in the practice of his profession, 
that of the law, in Lawrenceville since 1890, is recognized in his com- 
munity as one of the solid and substantial business men who have con- 
tributed much to the prosperity and advancement of this city. A suc- 
cessful lawyer, a wise business man, a capable one in any public official 
position, and an admirable citizen and a man of family, Lawrenceville 
recognizes no finer example of citizenship than is represented by this 
worthy gentleman. 

Born in Jackson county, Indiana, on March 31, 1862, John E. Mc- 
Goughey is the son of John McGoughey and Harriet E. (Meyers) Mc- 
Goughey. The father was a native of Kentucky, born there on July 
27, 1809. He was a farmer by occupation, and he came to Illinois on 
the llth of April, 1870, locating in Lawrence county. His marriage 
to Harriet Meyers took place in Jackson county, Indiana, and in that 
state they made their home for a number of years. They became the 
parents of four children, of which number John E. is the third born. 
Previous to his marriage with Harriet Meyers, Mr. McGoughey had 
been married, and was the father of eight children. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics, and his religious faith is that of the Presbyterians, in 
which he was reared by his Scotch parents. He was a man of fine in- 
tellect, generous and kindly instincts, quiet in his manner of life, and 
. in every way an admirable and estimable citizen. He died February 
14, 1873. His widow still lives, and on the 14th of October, 1911, she 
celebrated the seventy-sixth anniversary of her birth. 

John E. McGoughey lived in Indiana with his parents until he 
had reached the age of eight years, when the family home was moved 
to Lawrence county, Illinois, destined thereafter to be his home and the 
field of his business activities through life. He attended the public 
schools of the village where they lived, and having finished the com- 
mon schools himself earned the money to make possible his attendance 
at a normal school in Mitchell, Indiana, conducted by Professor Lugen- 
beal, now president of Winona Lake College. Following his course of 
study in this private school, which was most thorough and calculated 
to fit him for entrance at any college, he took up the study of law un- 
der the preceptorship of E. B. Green, of Mt. Carmel, Illinois, and so 
well did he progress with his studies that on February 24, 1890, he 
was admitted to the bar of Illinois. He began the practice of his pro- 
fession on March 1, 1890, making but little delay in becoming estab- 
lished in a business way, and immediately formed a partnership with 
one W. F. Foster, which association continued until two years later, 
after which he remained alone until 1895. In that year he formed a 
partnership with J. D. Madding, the arrangement enduring for four 
years and on the dissolution of that partnership Mr. McGoughey con- 
ducted an independent practice until 1909, when he became associated 
with N. M. Tohill. 



1258 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Mr. McGoughey is a Democrat, but is not a politician nor an as- 
pirant for political honors. He has held various offices since he became 
connected with the business and professional life of Lawrenceville, and 
was state's attorney between 1892 and 1896. One line of business in- 
dustry which has particularly attracted his attention is the oil busi- 
ness, in which he has been active for some time. He has been the legal 
representative of practically every independent oil producer in this 
section of the country, including the Indian Refining Company, and 
the Central Refining Company. Mr. McGoughey is a member of the 
Christian church, and in a fraternal way is affiliated with the Masonic 
order, in which he holds the Knight Templar degree, and he is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. 

On September 24, 1890, Mr. McGoughey was united in marriage 
with Bessie A. Ennis, of Mitchell, Indiana, a daughter of Charles Ennis, 
formerly in the railroad business at that place, but now retired from 
active service. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Goughey, Guy, John and Helen. 

HARVEY D. McCoLLUM is one of the younger sons of Clay county 
who have been identified with the best business interests of Louisville 
since they inaugurated their business careers, and he is one of the ablest 
and most progressive. of the younger class of business men. He was 
born in Clay county, March 13, 1879, and is the son of James C. and 
Mary (Long) McCollum. The father was also a native of Clay county, 
born there August 9, 1844, while the mother was born in Wayne county 
on May 5, 1853. James McCollum lived on his father's farm and at- 
tended the village schools as a boy and until he had attained years of 
young manhood, when he came to Louisville and entered into the mer- 
chandise business, with which he has been successfully identified for 
years. He is a man of considerable wealth, which he accumulated as a 
result of his energy and thrift, and he is now living a retired life in 
Louisville. He is an ardent Democrat and has been one all his life. 
He has been a leader in the business life of Louisville for a great many 
years, and was connected with the most worthy and prominent in- 
dustrial and financial institutions of the city. He was one of the or- 
ganizers of the Farmers and Merchants Bank, and is now vice-presi- 
dent of that institution. His father was James McCollum, a native of 
Kentucky, who came to Illinois in about 1830. He became the owner 
of a tract of government land, which he improved, and on which he 
passed the remainder of his life. When he passed away he was looked 
upon as one of the wealthy farmers of his district. His father, Alex 
McCollum, the great-grandfather of the subject of this review, was 
one of the eight men killed at the battle of New Orleans. The mater- 
nal grandfather of Harvey McCollum, Darling Long, was a native of 
West Virginia. He came to Illinois in about 1853, settling in Clay 
county, where he passed the remainder of his life. 

Harvey D. McCollum was reared in Louisville, and he passed 
through the schools of this city, after which he entered the University 
of Illinois at Champaign, being graduated from that institution in 
1901, from the law department. In the following year Mr. McCollum 
was admitted to the bar, and he conducted his first law practice as the 
partner of Judge Albert M. Rose. This partnership existed with all 
satisfaction to both parties until the election of Mr. Rose to the circuit 
bench in 1906, at which time Mr. McCollum became the partner of 
John W. Thomason, another brilliant young attorney of Louisville. 
For the past two years Mr. McCollum has conducted a private prac- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1259 

tice and in that, as with his partners, he has been particularly fortu- 
nate and successful, his practice extending to all courts. In addition 
to his legal interests, Mr. McCollum gives some time to the manage- 
ment of the fine farm of which he is the owner, and which is an added 
source of prosperity to the already independent young attorney. He 
holds considerable stock in the Farmers and Merchants Bank, of which 
his honored father is vice-president, and is connected with certain 
other institutions of an industrial and financial character. He is an 
enthusiastic Democrat, as is his father, and is untiring in his labors 
for the good of the cause. Twice he has served terms as master in 
chancery, and in 1909 he was elected to the state legislature. He is 
local attorney for the Baltimore & Ohio and the Illinois Central Rail- 
road Companies, and is justly regarded as being one of the leading 
legal men in the county. He is a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, of the Modern Woodmen, the Benevolent and Protect- 
ive 'Order of Elks, the Masons and the Knights of Pythias. 

HERMAN M. REA. There is no such word as luck in the lexicon of 
business men, for experience has taught them most convincingly that 
success is the result of persistent application of intelligent methods 
that demand time for their development. To executive ability and 
organizing sense must be added public confidence and a thorough 
knowledge of the field to be occupied, which latter can only be gained 
by gradual and steady approaches. Sudden acquisition of wealth is 
a rare occurrence, and often followed by speedy and irremediable 
collapse. In any event, none of the citizens of Christopher would in- 
timate that Herman M. Rea owes his distinction to any adventitious 
aid. His present enviable position is due to manly energy, sterling 
honesty, inflexible sense of justice, tireless energy and intimate ac- 
quaintance with business methods. He is a native of Franklin county, 
Illinois, and was born five miles north of Christopher, September 25, 
1877, a son of Frank G. and Bretana Elizabeth (Buckner) Rea. 

The grandparents of Mr. Rea, Abner and Mary (Overturf) Rea, na- 
tives of Tennessee, came to Illinois in early life, took up land from the 
Government, and here spent the remainder of their lives. Mr. Rea 
became one of the wealthiest agriculturists in Franklin county, and 
before his death presented each of his children with a farm, in addi- 
tion to a sum of money. Frank G. Rea, who for many years was en- 
gaged in farming in Franklin county, and was also a successful mer- 
chant of Christopher for fifteen years, is now living retired in this city. 
He has had a prosperous career and the honorable lines along which he 
conducted his business have served as an example for his son, who has 
inherited many of his admirable traits. 

Herman M. Rea received his educational training in the common 
schools of Christopher, and as a youth worked in his father's store. 
He then entered the postoffice at Zeigler, where he acted as clerk for 
six months, and his first experience in the real estate field came as an 
employe of Horn & Dimond, with whom he continued five years. 
Since that time Mr. Rea has been in business with Jesse Dimond & 
Company, a firm that does a tremendous business in real estate, buying 
land all over the state, and in addition trades for stores and mines. 
Mr. Rea is president of the Christopher Electric Company and of the 
Horn-Dimond Coal Company, secretary of the Benton District Coal 
Company and the West Frankfort Coal Company, vice-president of 
the First National Bank of Christopher and a director of the First 
National Bank of West Frandfort. Although immersed in business, 
with so many large interests claiming his attention and demanding 



1260 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

much of his time, Mr. Rea yet finds leisure to devote to those domestic 
and social relations in which he finds his chief enjoyment. He is a 
prominent member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Modern 
Woodmen of America. A Republican in politics, the high esteem in 
which he was held by his fellow townsmen resulted in his election as 
collector of Tyron township, although at that time the district was 
strongly Democratic. He has given the greater part of his time to his 
business interests, however, and has never sought public preferment. 

In 1894 Mr. Rea was married to Miss Ida Clark, daughter of Scott 
Clark, an early settler and prominent agriculturist of Mulkeytown, 
who also for some years was the proprietor of amusement enterprises 
during season, and who died about 1903. Mr. and Mrs. Rea have six 
children : Leo, Clyne and Thelma, all of whom are attending school ; 
and Helen, Mildred and Mary, at home. 

PHILIP B. LESEMANN, D. D. S. A representative member of the den- 
tal fraternity in Nashville, one who holds high rank in his profession 
and whose ability and courtesy have won him the confidence and pat- 
ronage of a large class of citizens, is Dr. Philip B. Lesemann. He 
comes of a pioneer German family whose identity with the United 
States dates from 1844, when its founders immigrated from the vil- 
lage of Bergkirche, Prussia, and established themselves in Washington 
county, Illinois. That historic year of the Mississippi flood Henry 
Lesemann expatriated himself from his native land and brought his 
family to the New World. His father was then an old man, and the 
family settlement was made some six miles northeast of Nashville, 
where, upon the Henry Huck farm, the father and mother and other 
members of the family lie buried. Henry's first wife died in young 
womanhood and his second one died about four years after their ar- 
rival in Illinois. Farming claimed Henry Lesemann after he came to 
the United States, but in his native Prussia he was a cabinet-maker 
and fashioned and finished spinning wheels. The children by his last 
marriage were : Louisa, who married Louis Wehking and both are de- 
ceased ; Frederick, the father of the Doctor ; Christiana, who married 
William Schlake, both being now deceased ; and Ernst. He was a the- 
ological student in Boston when he died. The children of Henry 's first 
wife were "William, of Kinmundy, Illinois; and Mrs. Henry Steffen, 
who is deceased. 

Frederick Lesemann was born in 1838, and passed an uneventful 
life in the country near Nashville. Toward the evening of life he 
moved into the county seat and died there in 1903. He married (first) 
Louisa Grote, who died, the mother of Augusta, who passed away as 
Mrs. Fred Hoffman ; and Matilda, now Mrs. Charles Millier, of Gran- 
ite City, Illinois. For his second wife Mr. Lesemann married Matilda 
Poehler, who still survives, and the issue of this marriage were Rev. 
Louis, a graduate of Central Wesleyan College, at Warrenton, Mis- 
souri, and a degree man of the Biblical Institute of the Northwestern 
University, is a Methodist minister of Chicago, and married Miss 
Eleanor Tieman ; Dr. Philip B., of Nashville ; Samuel J., D. D. S., of 
Altamont, Illinois, and a graduate of the Louisville College of Den- 
tistry ; Amelia, the wife of Albert Lyons, of Granite City, Illinois ; and 
Dr. Frederick J., a physician of Chicago, who is a graduate of Rush 
Medical College. 

Dr. Philip B. Lesemann was born in a country home near Nashville, 
August 1, 1871. While coming to mature years he had both rural and 
urban experience and his career in school was passed chiefly in the 
county seat. At twenty years of age he began his preparation for 



"--"* 



HE 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1261 

dentistry as a student in the Louisville College of Dentistry and took 
his diploma from that institution in June, 1895. He opened his office 
in Nashville the same year and his citizenship has been maintained 
here since. He is a member of the State Dental Society and is ex- 
president of the St. Glair District Dental Society. He is secretary and 
treasurer of the Bridget Hughes Hospital of Nashville, and has de- 
voted his energy and his skill to the achievement of desirable results 
in his profession. He is in close touch with advanced thought, keeps 
thoroughly abreast of the advances made in dentistry, and has se- 
cured a practice of unmistakably representative character. 

On June 26, 1895, Dr. Lesemann was married to Miss Anna Franz- 
lau, of Nashville. Her father and mother, Frederick and Minnie 
(Krumwieder) Franzlau, were German people, and the parents of 
Lizzie, wife of Dr. Krumsieck, of Nashville ; Frank H., engaged in the 
drug business at Manito, Illinois ; William, of Hartford City, Indiana ; 
Mrs. Lesemann; Ella, the wife of Rev. Charles Krugoff, residing at 
Jamestown, Missouri; Emma, who married Oscar Grote, of St. 
Louis ; and Harry, a resident of Freeburg, Illinois. Dr. and Mrs. Lese- 
mann have two children : Ralph, twelve years old ; and Ferrol, who is 
four years his brother's junior. The family are members of the Ger- 
man Methodist church, of which Dr. Lesemann is steward. 

ELMER BURCH, M. D. Comparatively brief has been the period of 
the residence of Dr. Elmer Burch in DuQuoin, but it has been of suffi- 
cient duration to win for him a fair degree of eminence in that city and 
in the surrounding district. He is a member of the professional firm of 
Gillis & Burch, M. D. 's, and has been active in the practice of his pro- 
fession in DuQuoin since 1908. As physician for the Children's Home of 
DuQuoin and district surgeon of the Illinois Central Railway Company, 
together with his private practice, Dr. Burch is one of the busy men 
of the city. 

Elmer Burch was born on a farm near Monmouth, Illinois, on April 
8, 1864, and was there reared. His grandfather was Thomas Wells 
Burch, a native of Wales, born in that country in 1795, who came to 
the United States in infancy and was reared in North Carolina. He 
later became a resident of Illinois, settling at Monmouth. He married 
and became the father of thirteen children, but only four grew to years 
of manhood and womanhood. They were Benjamin, who died recently 
in Hancock county, Illinois, leaving a wife and daughter to mourn their 
loss; Lizzie, who became the wife of Jackson Gossett and resides in 
Nebraska ; Thomas J., who became the father of Dr. Elmer Burch ; and 
Sarah, who died at Monmouth, Illinois, as Mrs. John Easton. 

Thomas J. Burch lived the life of the farm boy as a child, and when 
he became a man accepted that vocation as his own. He re- 
ceived the usual district school training, and passed his boyhood and 
youth as a typical farmer's lad, the real business of life beginning when 
he volunteered for service in the Union army in Company K of the 
Eleventh Illinois Cavalry, with Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll in com- 
mand. An active and honorable army career was his, and when the 
viscissitudes of army life were over he returned to his home, where he 
resumed work on the old farm. He remained thus occupied for some 
time, until he subsequently moved to Missouri, and is now passing his 
remaining days in the peace and quiet of the town of Ewing in that 
state. He is an active Democrat and a member of the G. A. R. Thomas 
J. Burch chose as his wife Miss Marie L. Shellenbarger, a daughter of 
George Shellenbarger, from Erie county, Pennsylvania, who, with his 
wife, was of German extraction. Mr. and Mrs. Schellenbarger were 

Vol. Ill 12 



1262 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

the parents of eleven children, of whom Mrs. Burch was the fourth 
in order of birth. Mr. and Mrs. Burch were the parents of two sons, 
Dr. Elmer, of this review, and Dr. George W., a graduate of the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Burgeons of Keokuk, Iowa, now located at 
Quincy, Illinois, and active in the practice of his chosen profession. 

Dr. Elmer Burch, after finishing with the high school of his home 
town, completed a course of literary studies in the U. P. College of 
Monmouth. He took up his medical studies in the College of Physi- 
cjans and Surgeons at Keokuk, Iowa, graduating therefrom in 1886 
He began the practice of his profession at Cameron, Illinois, continu- 
ing his work there for a space of six years, then entered the Baltimore 
Medical College and was graduated from that institution in 1893. His 
next location was at Clearmont, Missouri, where he remained for five 
years in practice and then removed to Doe Run, St. Francois county, 
and after a residence of ten years came thence to DuQuoin. While 
located in Missouri Dr. Burch connected himself with the professional 
societies of both county and state, and holds similar affiliation with 
corresponding societies of Illinois, as well as with the American Med- 
ical Association. He is physician for the Children's Home of Du- 
Quoin and district surgeon of the Illinois Central Railway Company, 
and in connection with the latter named position holds membership in 
the Illinois Central Association of Surgeons. Dr. Burch is a member of 
the Blue Lodge and Chapter of Masonry, is past noble grand of Odd 
Fellowship, past sachem of the Red Men, and is also a member of the 
Eagles, Elks and the Modern Woodmen. 

On July 23, 1893, Dr. Burch was married to Miss Trella M. Reg- 
nier, a daughter of Eugene and Frances (Holcomb) Regnier. Mr. 
Regnier is of French origin and is a mason contractor of Galesburg. 
Dr. and Mrs. Burch have two children, Beatrice and Claire. 

MILO R. CLANAHAN. As manager of the Southern Illinois agency 
for the National Life Insurance Company of Montpelier, Vermont, Mr. 
Clanahan is recognized as one of the representative figures in the field 
of life insurance in this section of the state, and he maintains his of- 
ficial headquarters in suite 506-7 Metropolitan building, East St. Louis. 
He is one of the popular and representative business men of this thriv- 
ing city and has made an admirable record in his chosen field of en- 
deavor. 

Milo R. Clanahan finds a due amount of satisfaction in reverting 
to Illinois as the place of his nativity, and he is a scion of a family 
whose name has been identified with the history of this favored com- 
monwealth for fully three quarters of a century. He was born on a 
farm in Pope county, Illinois, on the 4th of March. 1864, and is a son 
of Augustus Hamilton Clanahan and Ann Eliza (Modglin) Clanahan, 
who established their home in Pope county many years ago, the father 
becoming one of the prosperous farmers of that section, where both he 
and his wife continued to reside until their death. He whose name 
initiates this review was reared to the sturdy discipline of the farm and 
in the meanwhile the district school found him enrolled as a duly am- 
bitious pupil. He amplified his educational discipline by attendance in 
summer schools and finally by an effective course in the Northern Illi- 
nois Normal University, at Normal, McLean county. In this institu- 
tion he admirably qualified himself for the work of the pedagogic pro- 
fession, and for six years he was a successful and popular teacher in 
the public schools of his native state. Thereafter he served five years 
as chief deputy in the office of the United States collector of internal 
revenue at Cairo, Illinois, a position from which he retired in 1894. In 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1263 

1896 he became district manager for the Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany of New York, this position having been given him after a specially 
excellent record as a local underwriter for the Mutual Benefit Life In- 
surance Company. His service as district manager for the Mutual Life 
continued until the 1st of January, 1904, and he maintained his execu- 
tive headquarters in the- city of Cairo until 1901, when the same were 
transferred to East St. Louis. On the 1st of January, 1904, Mr. Clan- 
ahan assumed his present position, that of manager of the Southern 
Illinois agency for the National Life Insurance Company of Montpe- 
lier, Vermont, and he has added materially to his prestige in his chosen 
profession since forming such connection with this admirable New Eng- 
land company, for which he has built up a large and substantial busi- 
ness in his jurisdiction. He has shown marked initiative and executive 
ability, is progressive and alert and has a broad and exact knowledge 
of all details of the life-insurance business, in which he has gained a 
high reputation and unqualified success. In 1908 Mr. Clanahan pur- 
chased a fine stock farm near Vienna, the judicial center of Johnson 
county, Illinois, and he has found great pleasure and satisfaction in 
the development and improvement of this property and in exploiting 
the stock industry through progressive and effective methods. His farm 
is now one of the best devoted to the raising of pure bred live stock 
to be found in Southern Illinois, and he gives to the same his personal 
supervision. 

In politics Mr. Clanahan gives a stanch allegiance to the Repub- 
lican party and as a citizen he is essentially loyal and public-spirited. 
He is a member of the East St. Louis Commercial Club, is affiliated 
with the Masonic fraternity and is identified with other civic organiza- 
tions. The church relations of Mr. and Mrs. Clanahan are with the 
Presbyterians. 

On the 26th of June, 1889, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Clan- 
ahan to Miss Lollie Mittler, and they have three children, Elsie Mittler, 
who is a student in Washington College, at Washington, D. C. ; Julius 
Harrington, who is a member of the office force of the Pittsburg Alumi- 
nuni Works, which is one of the largest industries of East St. Louis, 
Illinois; and Walter Hamilton, who is a student in the East St. Louis 
high school. 

Apropos of Mr. Clanahan !s deep interest in stock-growing it may be 
said that he is specially enthusiastic as a lover and breeder of fine horses, 
in which connection he has prepared and published an attractive little 
brochure, dedicated to the American saddle horse in general, but more 
particularly to Forest Dudley, No. 2850, and his noted sire, Forest King, 
No. 1462, the former animal being owned by Mr. Clanahan. Concern- 
ing the pamphlet to which reference has just been made pertinent in- 
formation is given in the preface of the same, and the context thereof 
is consistently reproduced in this sketch of the career of the author: 
"Upon my first conception of the idea that I would prepare a pamphlet 
and dedicate it to 'The American Saddle Horse' in general, but more 
particularly to the one in which I felt most deeply interested, I little 
realized the enormity of what first appeared so small a task, but which in 
reality proved a large one for me, coming, as it does, not from a horseman, 
familiar with 'boss' talk, but simply from a life-insurance man who in 
early boyhood and while on the farm formed a love and admiration for 
horses, which is my hobby. . . . It has been said that every man 
must have his business and his hobby. Imagine yourself, if you please, 
trying to write something of your hobby and to make it of interest to any- 
body else, especially when you are not a member of or applicant for mem- 
bership in the Ananias Club, and you will agree with me that it would 



1264 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

be far easier to talk or write intelligently and, as in this case I have 
tried to do, truthfully upon the line of business in which you are in 
every-day life engaged. But as I was never accused of being a ' quitter, ' 
I have stayed at this self-imposed task until it is now 'up to the printer' 
and ' me for the bill, ' and if this pamphlet contains any information of 
interest to you, either with reference to Forest Dudley, No. 2850, or any 
of his distinguished ancestry or to the American saddle horse in gen- 
eral, let me assure you that I have taken no little pains but have spent 
much time and labor and some money in the preparation of the book- 
let, and in an honest effort to substantiate every statement made herein, 
and which I now ask you to accept as authentic, with the compliments 
of the author. ' ' Copies of the pamphlet may be had upon application 
to Mr. Clanahan, and at a purely nominal price. Further statements 
made by Mr. Clanahan in this connection are as follows: "By a care- 
ful study of this publication you will find that it contains much valuable 
and general information, in fact the boiled-down essence of the various 
published volumes of the American Saddle Horse Register, as to the or- 
ganization of the association, the foundation sires and later noted sires, 
outlining from official sources the distinctive upper blood lines of the 
American saddle-horse family, with show records and achievements of its 
most noted sires; also the sources, breeds and crosses from which the 
' American saddle-horse family has sprung ; therefore we trust that every- 
one into whose hands this booklet may fall may find it both interesting 
and worthy of preserving for future reference." 

In conclusion of this sketch of Milo R. Clanahan, will say that he has 
always applied his energies faithfully and loyally to whatever task he 
undertook, always remembering, and usually applying that good old rule 
"Business first and pleasure afterwards." 

JUDGE MOSES PEARCE MCGEHEE. "With the passing of Judge Moses 
P. McGehee in 1883, Saline county lost one of her earliest pioneers and 
most valuable citizens. Judge McGehee was early in life thrown upon 
his own resources and he had to struggle along in the best way he 
could. He was, however, full of the true spirit of the pioneer, the 
spirit that went forward no matter what the odds, sustained by the 
vision of the great and glorious country which was to rise on the foun- 
dations of which the pioneers were the 'builders. He could turn his 
hand to almost anything from blacksmithing to acting as a judiciary. 
This versality, together with the wisdom which he had gathered dur- 
ing his long life and the common sense which had been Nature's gift 
to him, made him a very popular member of the community and he 
was in demand on all occasions. 

Moses Pearce McGehee was born in Montgomery county, Tennes- 
see, in 1823. He was the descendant of an old and honored Virginian 
family which had migrated to Tennessee. His parents were Pyrant 
and Jemima Pearce McGehee, who left Tennessee in 1832, and came to 
Gallatin county, Illinois. In 1838 Judge McGehee was left an orphan, 
and finding that he would have to shift for himself he bound himself 
as an apprentice to A. Mitchell and learned the blacksmith trade. He 
plied his trade for several years on the western frontier and then re- 
turned to Illinois and settled in Galatia, Saline county, in 1847. The 
following year of 1848 witnessed his marriage to Mary Priscilla Davis. 
She was a native of White county and a daughter of Dr. Robert Davis. 
Judge McGehee lived in Galatia until 1856, and then he moved his 
family to Harrisburg, where he spent the remainder of his life with the 
exception of two years, 1876-77, when he lived at Carrier Mills. 

Shortly after his arrival in Galatia, in 1850, he and Dr. Harvey 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1265 

Pearce opened a general merchandise store. They also had the first 
steam saw and grist mill in the county. The location of this mill was 
about one and one-half miles southeast of Galatia. Since there were 
no railroads in those days the machinery had to be hauled overland 
from St. Louis, and created more excitement than a circus. In 1858 
this mill was moved to Harrisburg, Illinois. In 1849 he was elected 
justice of the peace and from 1853 to 1856 he served as associate jus- 
tice. He was a clear thinker and was truly desirous of giving each 
man his due, and his worth is deeply felt by the people of the county. 
This was proven when they elected him county judge in 1856, to serve 
four years. He was again elected to this office in 1865, serving until 
1873. He was a staunch Democrat, and was a loyal believer in frater- 
nal societies. He was a charter member of Harrisburg Lodge, No. 325, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and he was the first senior war- 
den of the Lodge. He died in 1883 and was buried with the Masonic 
ritual. His widow is still living in Harrisburg, at the age of seventy- 
nine. The Judge and his wife were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Martha Louisa, who is the widow of Daniel Stiff, and with whom 
Mrs. McGehee makes her home ; Sarah, who died in infancy ; Thomas, 
who also died in babyhood ; Robert Solen ; Nora, who married H. 
Thompson ; Axel, who died as a baby ; and Davis A. 

The business ability of Judge McGehee was inherited by his chil- 
dren and grandchildren. His grandson, Dennis B. McGehee, of Harris- 
burg, is the assistant to the general manager of mines of the O'Gara 
Coal Company, the most important enterprise in this section of the 
country and which was organized in 1905, with T. J. O'Gara as its 
president, and its officers and directors were all men of excellent busi- 
ness ability and of executive capacity. It was incorporated under the 
laws of the state of New York with a capital of six million dollars, 
with headquarters in Chicago, in the Marquette building. This com- 
pany owns or controls thirty thousand acres of coal land, enough to 
keep its mines in operation for fifty years yet to come. The twelve 
mines it is now working have a capacity for an output of seven million 
tons of coal each year, and if fully worked would necessitate the em- 
ployment of six thousand men. Its monthly pay roll now amounts to 
$250,000, with a royalty for coal of $10,000. The O'Gara Coal Com- 
pany's entire investment in lands and plants in Saline county, alone, 
approaches $10,000,000, a vast sum of money which yields very satis- 
factory returns. Mr. H. Thomas, as general manager of mines, and 
Mr. McGehee, his assistant, so handle the works, the men and the 
business as to make this organization of the utmost importance not 
only to Harrisburg and to Saline county, but to Southern Illinois, 
placing it in the foremost rank among the substantial industries of the 
state. 

HARVEY F. PIXLEY. The able and popular president of the First 
National Bank of Flora, Illinois, is most consistently accorded recog- 
nition in a work of the province assigned to the one at hand, since it 
has to do with the representative citizens of Clay county, of which 
number he is a worthy member. He has had a prominent part in the 
financial and commercial development of the county, during the long 
period of years in which he has been identified with the business world 
of this part of the state. Not only have the interests of business 
claimed his time and attention but politics have also found him wide 
awake and interested. He is particularly active in any movement for 
the civic betterment of the town, as is shown by the leading part he 
took in the founding of the Carnegie Library. 



1266 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Harvey F. Pixley was born in Ingraham, Clay county, Illinois, on 
the 25th of November, 1869. He is the son of Osman Pixley, who 
was a native of New York, having settled in Edwards county at an 
early date. In 1852 he moved to Clay county, and became well known 
as a merchant. For years he was president of the First National Bank 
of Flora, and his ability and strength of character won the confidence 
of his fellow citizens to such an extent that they elected him their rep- 
resentative in the lower house of the legislature for 1871-1872. For 
the long period of forty years he was post-master of Ingraham. He 
received a request from Postmaster General Wanamaker for his pho- 
tograph, to be used in the Chicago "World's Fair, he being the fourth 
oldest postmaster in point of service in the United States. After an 
active and useful life he was called to rest on the 7th of April, 1903. 
His wife was Frances Wood, who was born near Allendale, Wabash 
county, Illinois, on the 29th of June, 1832. She was a woman of beau- 
tiful character, and to her influence is due many of the fine qualities to 
be found in Harvey Pixley. She was the daughter of Spencer Wood, 
who was born near New Haven, Vermont, on the 14th of February, 
1788, and died on the 5th of December, 1846. Her mother was Ma- 
tilda Flower, who was born in Hardinsburg, Kentucky, on the 19th of 
March, 1791, and died on the 12th of March, 1855, the mother being 
the last surviving member of the family. Mrs. Pixley was one of a 
large family of children nine in number, and she in turn became the 
mother of nine children. Of this number four girls and one boy are 
dead. Harvey is the seventh in order of birth, and of his two broth- 
ers, Dewitt C. is living in Orange, California, where he is a prominent 
business man, .being married and having five children, while Arthur 
H., who lives in Chicago is associated with the firm of Ware and Le- 
land, and is a member of the Board of Trade. The mother of these 
boys passed to her rest on the 16th of May, 1907. 

The grandfather of Harvey Pixley was Asa Pixley. He was a na- 
tive of Vermont, but moved to western New York and finally came 
still further west and settled near West Salem, Edwards county, Illi- 
nois, about the year 1830. This was during pioneer days, and Asa 
Pixley showed the spirit of his Puritan ancestors, who also braved 
the dangers of an unknown country. Asa Pixley was born on the 
26th of March, 1805, and died on the 9th of February, 1883. He 
was married to Amanda Ingraham, the daughter of Philo Ingraham 
and Arvilla (Barney) Ingraham. Her father was born on the 28th 
of June, 1768, and died on the 21st of April, 1842. The date of her 
mother's birth was the 12th of September, 1782, and her death oc- 
curred on the 19th of September, 1854. They are supposed to be the 
first white people buried in Clay county, and now lie at rest in In- 
graham Cemetery. Amanda Ingraham Pixley was born on the 22nd 
of February, 1806, and died on the 26th of September, 1844. The 
town of Ingraham was named for this fair dame of the early eight- 
eenth century who scarcely lived to reach her prime. The town- 
ship of Pixley was also named for a member of this family, that is, 
her son Osman. 

Harvey F. Pixley spent his life up to 1899 in Ingraham. After 
receiving an elementary education in the common schools he attended 
Eureka College, where he made an excellent record. He spent two 
years at this institution, and then came home to work in his father's 
store. For twelve years he assisted his father, and while he was 
helping to build up a fine trade for his father he was at the same 
time gaining a valuable training in the twists and turns of the busi- 
ness world. In August, 1899, he came to Flora, and went to work in 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1267 

the First National Bank, becoming its cashier on the 1st of January, 
1900. He held this position for four years, at the end of this time 
being elected vice president of the institution. After four years 
spent in this capacity he was made president of the. bank by the vote 
of the board of directors at their meeting in January, 1909. He has 
done much to increase the prestige of this bank and to place it on a 
solid foundation. It is today recognized as one of the most reliable 
banks of Southern Illinois. His financial ability may be gathered 
from cold statistics. When he first became associated with this bank 
there was a surplus of only $12,000. This has been more than doub- 
led, being now $25,000. The undivided profits were less than $1,000. 
They are now $25,000. The dividends are now five per cent, payable 
semi-annually. 

Among the other interests that occupy Mr. Pixley are the Breese, 
Trenton Mining Company, of which he was treasurer for some time, 
and of which he is now president. This company operates three coal 
mines, at Breese, Beckmeyer and Trenton, and the business trans- 
acted by the company is one of considerable magnitude. He is also 
treasurer of the Ebner Ice and Cold Storage Company, operating 
four plants, at Vincennes, Seymour and Washington, Indiana, and 
Flora, Illinois. In addition to his official connection with the above 
corporations he is a director and large stock-holder in both of them. 
Mr. Pixley also has an interest in the Flora Canning Company, and 
is a stock-holder, as well as one of the organizers, of the Flora Tele- 
phone Company. He has quite a bit of money invested outside of 
his home town, notably the stock which he holds in two of the large 
wholesale houses of St. Louis. His ability as an investor and his un- 
questioned integrity brought him the responsibility of being made an 
executor of the late General Lewis B. Parsons, of Flora. The es- 
tate which he was called upon to administer was over $100,000, and 
the responsibility was not a light one. He is a member of the direct- 
ors of the Flora Mutual Building, Loan and Homestead Association. 

Mr. Pixley has always had a keen interest in the public welfare, 
and was at one time president of the school board. He is now one of 
the trustees of the Carnegie Library, having held this position ever 
since the opening of the library. He was a member of the building 
committee and is now in charge of the financial affairs of the institu- 
tion, being treasurer. Politically Mr. Pixley is a Republican, and 
has done his duty by the party in serving on the county central 
committee. 

Mr. Pixley was married on the 22nd of October, 1891, to Gallic 
Cisel, daughter of John Cisel, of Allendale, Wabash county, Illinois. 
She was born on the farm adjoining the one on which Mr. Pixley 's 
mother passed her girlhood. Mr. and Mrs. Pixley have one son who 
was born on the 10th of December, 1892. After completing his ele- 
mentary education he was sent to the Western Military Academy at 
Upper Alton, Illinois, where he made a fine record as a bright student 
and a manly boy. He is at present acting as private secretary to his 
father. 

In his fraternal relations Mr. Pixley is a member of blue lodge, 
No. 204, of the Masonic order, and also of the Royal Arch Chapter, 
No. 154. He and his wife are both members of the Eastern Star. 
They are members of the Christian church, Mr. Pixley being a mem- 
ber of the official board. He was also a member of the building 
committee that had charge of the erection of the new church. This is 
a splendid edifice, of which a larger city might well be. proud. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pixley have one of the finest homes in the county. 



1268 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

It contains every modern comfort and many luxuries, but best of all 
it harbors a gracious and dignified hostess, and is consequently a 
center for the social life of the community. Mrs. Pixley is a woman 
of much refinement and taste, who enters into her husband's interests 
with a whole-heartedness and an understanding that is rare. Mr. 
Pixley has won his success through putting to good use the gifts with 
which he was endowed by nature. He has a strong character, that 
is not easily turned from a path he thinks is right, and his varied 
experiences have given him the power of discriminating between 
the false and the true. He has a fidelity of purpose, but with this a 
kind heartedness that would bring hurt to no one, and so he has won 
the respect of all, be they friends or enemies. He takes first rank 
among the prominent men of his locality, and is a leader in every 
field in which he has become interested, be in business, finance, edu- 
cation, society or civics. 

HENRY F. VOGELPOHL,. Among the public officials of Washington 
county are found many men of force and capacity who have taken strong 
hold on the rugged conditions of life and molded them into successful 
and useful careers. Prominent in this class stands Henry F. Vogel- 
pohl, who holds the responsible position of sheriff, in the discharge of 
the duties of which office he has gained the respect and confidence of 
the entire community. Mr. Vogelpohl was born in Covington town- 
ship, Washington county, Illinois, March 12, 1868, and has here passed 
his somewhat varied career. His father was William Vogelpohl, a na- 
tive of Germany, who came to the United States in the blush of young 
manhood, married soon afterward, and passed his life as a farmer. His 
wife was Miss Minnie Klosterman, a daughter of Henry Klosterman, a 
German farmer of Covington township, where Mr. Vogelpohl died in 
1876, at thirty-six years of age. The qualities which William Vogelpohl 
most exhibited were those common to his race, industry unrestrained, 
tireless energy and a wise economy. He was the only representative of 
his family in the New World, and when he died left Henry F. ; Annie, 
who is the wife of Henry Evers, of Covington ; and Fred, a resident 
of Minnesota. The mother of these children is now the wife of Henry 
Schneider, of Covington. 

Henry F. Vogelpohl had merely the advantages of the country school 
as he passed through childhood, and he established himself on a farm 
in the Covington locality when he left his mother 's roof. When he quit 
farming a few years since he became a stock dealer and shipper at 
Covington, and about this time was appointed deputy sheriff by Sheriff 
J. M. Winfree, in December, 1902. He received the nomination for 
sheriff in 1906 against two other candidates, J. B. and William Gorman, 
cousins, but was defeated by the Democratic candidate. When his 
deputyship ended Mr. Vogelpohl engaged in the livery business in 
Nashville and continued it until he was chosen sheriff of the county. 
He entered the contest as a Republican, won the nomination after a 
brisk fight and was elected by a majority of 779, when the normal 
Republican majority was some 450 votes. He was installed as the suc- 
cessor of A. H. Cohlmeyer for a term of four years. While this has 
been a remarkably law-abiding community, Sheriff Vogelpohl finds 
that his office places sufficient demands upon his time and attention, 
and he has given an administration that reflects marked credit upon 
him. He has rendered most efficient service in his important position, 
and is intrepid and fearless in the discharge of his duties, being 
feared by the criminal class and honored and esteemed by law-abid- 
ing citizens. 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1269 

Sheriff Vogelpohl was married (first) in Clay county, Illinois, in 
1900, to Miss Lola Gentry, who died March 2, 1901. His second mar- 
riage took place at New Minden, Illinois, in November, 1903, when 
Miss Helena Rheinhardt became his wife. Her father was Fred M. 
Rheinhardt, a German farmer and the issue of the union are Harold, 
Lewis, Esther and Henry. 

RANDOLPH SMITH, prominent in real estate circles in Clay county, 
and for the past thirty-eight years located in Flora, Illinois, is one of 
the well-to-do men of Clay county who have achieved large and worthy 
success as a result of their own efforts, unaided by outside influ- 
ences of family or fortune. Beginning life as a poor boy, Mr. Smith 
has been especially fortunate in his business ventures, and now has 
large investments in stocks and bonds and is one of the big financial 
men of his district. 

Born in Marion county, Illinois, on May 31, 1849, Randolph Smith 
is the son of Willis and Cynthia (Jones) Smith, the former a native 
of South Carolina and the latter of Tennessee. "Willis Smith was a 
farmer and stock-buyer. He came to Illinois in 1832 and located in 
Marion county, where he bought a farm, living there until 1849, at 
which time he went to Missouri. He then started for California, but 
died on the way to that state. He was tax collector of Marion county 
in 1847, and during the panic of that year he disposed of much of his 
property to pay taxes for his neighbors and friends. His death oc- 
curred in 1850. He was a son of John R. Smith, a planter, who was 
born, reared and who died in South Carolina. The maternal grand- 
father of Randolph Smith, of this review, was born in Tennessee. He 
came to Illinois in 1833 and settled in Marion county, where he died 
in 1836 after a life of worthy endeavor and accomplishment. He 
was a veteran of the War of 1812, through which he served with 
honor and distinction. 

Randolph Smith was educated in Clinton county, Missouri, and in 
Clay county, Illinois, coming to the latter place in 1868. He taught 
school for one term after finishing school, after which he became con- 
nected with the circuit clerk of the county as his deputy. He was 
three years in that position, leaving it to take a clerkship in the First 
National Bank of Flora of which he became cashier in 1878, and re- 
mained thus until 1900, when he was elected president of the bank. 
Six years afterward he took charge of the Breeze Trenton Mining 
Company, with head offices in St. Louis, Missouri, remaining there 
until 1910, and for one year (1907) he served as president of the Illi- 
nois Coal Operators Association, and is still a member of the execu- 
tive committee of that body. In January, 1911, Mr. Smith formed a 
partnership with Robert S. Jones and they engaged in the real estate 
business, with investments as a side issue to the business, and they 
have conducted a thriving business since that time, with every in- 
dication for a brilliant future for the new firm. During the years of 
Mr. Smith's connection with the First National Bank he was particu- 
larly successful, as he has been in all his business ventures, building 
up a strong and substantial institution. He still retains an interest 
in the bank and in the coal mining at Breeze, as well as in many an- 
other enterprise of equally prosperous nature. Mr. Smith is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, being affiliated with the chapter and 
the Knights Templar. He is past master of Flora lodge, No. 154, and 
is a most appreciative member of the order. He has been an adherent 
of the Republican party since 1884, and has done good work for the 
cause on many occasions. He is a colonel on the staff of Governor 



1270 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Deneen, and served in a like capacity on the staff of Governor Tanner 
and of Governor Yates. Altogether, Mr. Smith is one of the most in- 
fluential men of Clay county, as well as one of the wealthiest. 

In 1873 Mr. Smith was united in marriage with Ximena Hanna, 
the daughter of William II. Hanna, a lawyer of Clay county. In 18U9 
she passed away, leaving her husband and four children, the names of 
the children being as follows: Carroll, a practicing physician in St. 
Louis ; Madora, who became the wife of Franklin A. Bond and live in 
Chicago; Claude E., in a railroad office in Flora; and Ximena, who 
married Roy L. Metcalfe, of Missoula, Montana. In 1908 Mr. Smith 
contracted a second marriage, when Margaret Finty became his wife. 
She was a daughter of John Finty, an early settler 'of Clay county. 
She died in 1910. Mrs. Smith was a communicant of the Roman Cath- 
olic church, while her husband is of the Methodist faith. 

ELMER VAN ARSDALL. Talented and capable, possessing tact and 
excellent judgment, Elmer Van Arsdall has attained high rank among 
the leading educators of Southern Illinois, and as county superintend- 
ent of the public schools of Richland county is an important factor in 
advancing the interests and increasing the efficiency of the educational 
institutions with which he is associated. A native of Illinois, he was 
born in Edwards county, October 16, 1881, being without doubt of 
Holland lineage, as his name would indicate, although he has no def- 
inite knowledge of his paternal ancestry. 

His father, William Thomas Van Arsdall, was born and reared in 
Kentucky, where for several years he was prosperously engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. Losing all of his property during the Civil war, he 
moved to Missouri, from there coming to Illinois about 1870. Settling 
in Richland county, he spent his remaining days in this part of the 
state, being engaged in farming. He married Mary Ann Day, who was 
born in Wheeling, West Virginia, of English ancestry. Her father, 
Alfred Day, a native of England, immigrated to the United States, 
locating first in West Virginia and later in Ohio, in both of those states 
following' his trade of a glass blower. From Ohio he moved to Illi- 
nois, where he was employed as a chef. 

Laying a substantial foundation for his future education in the 
rural schools of his native district, Elmer Van Arsdall was graduated 
from the Parkersburg high school with the class of 1901. Then, after 
teaching school for a time, he attended the Southern Illinois Normal 
School, at Carbondale, one term, and the State Normal University, at 
Normal, Illinois, three terms. Resuming then his professional work he 
taught school successfully until 1908, completing his ninth year as a 
teacher. In that year he was elected county superintendent of the 
public schools of Richland county to fill a vacancy, a position for which 
he was eminently qualified by education, training and experience. Fill- 
ing the office ably and most acceptably to all concerned, Mr. Van Ars- 
dall had the honor of being re-elected to the same responsible position 
in 1910, and as he is never content with results that he thinks can be 
bettered it is needless to say that under his management the schools of 
the county, eighty-eight in number, are making notable progress along 
practical lines. 

Mr. Van Arsdall began life for himself with limited means, in ad- 
dition to caring for himself supporting his widowed mother, who still 
lives in Olney, and he is a fine representative of the self-made men of 
the state. He is a Democrat in politics; a member of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks; and an active and valued member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, to which his wife also belongs, and in 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1271 

which he is rendering good service as superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. 

Mr. Van Arsdall married, May 2, 1908, Alta Belle Richards, a daugh- 
ter of J. J. Richards, an early settler of Richland county, and to them 
one child has been born, Howard Van Arsdall, a bright and interesting 
little fellow, whose birth occurred October 31, 1911. 

ELIJAH P. GIBSON, M. D. Since 1904 Dr. Gibson has been identified 
with Louisville as a practicing physician and surgeon, and he has con- 
tinued to merit in this city the same high reputation which was his 
in the other localities that claimed his attention before settling here. 
Since his graduation in 1878 he has confined his medical practice to 
Clay county, Illinois, with the exception of his first two years of ex- 
perience, which he spent in Indiana, and he is recognized today as the 
oldest practicing physician in Clay county. He is regarded as a diag- 
nostician of exceptional ability, and his success in his chosen profession 
has been of a generous nature, proving most conclusively the wis- 
dom of the choice he made in early youth. 

Dr. Elijah P. Gibson was born in New Providence, Indiana, June 
10, 1850, and he is the son of Jesse and Nancy (Peyton). The father 
was a son of William Gibson, a native of North Carolina, who came to 
Indiana in his young manhood and where he passed the remainder of 
his life. He was a colonel in the state militia, and was a man of con- 
siderable position in his time. His son Jesse was born in Indiana in 
the year 1812, and on reaching his majority embarked upon a farm- 
ing career in Clark county Indiana, where he achieved distinctive suc- 
cess during the years which he devoted to those interests. In later 
life he moved to Unionville, Iowa, where he passed away. He was a 
member of the Christian church and was a staunch adherent of the 
Democratic party. His son, Elijah P., received his early schooling in 
the schools of Mitchell, following his graduation from which he en- 
tered the Hospital College of Medicine at Louisville Kentucky. He 
was graduated therefrom on February 26, 1878, and began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Mitchell, Indiana, where he remained for two 
years. Thereafter his entire practice has been confined to Clay 
county, his identity with that locality beginning in 1880, when he set- 
tled at Hoosier Prairie. He practiced in that town until 1904, his ad- 
vent into Louisville occurring then, and here he has made his head- 
quarters ever since. In his college career he gave especial attention 
to his studies in the dissecting room, prolonging them two years be- 
yond the requirements, and, as mentioned previously, is known as a 
specialist in diagnosis. When Dr. Gibson began practice he possessed 
nothing but his training and his ambition and will to succeed. That 
these possessions were all sufficient to tide him through the lean years 
of his career, his later years give ample evidence. His accomplish- 
ments have been worthy and his name is a synonym for conscientious 
consideration and honesty in all his dealings with his fellow creatures. 

The Gibson family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and Dr. Gibson is a member of the Masonic fraternity. He is affiliated 
with the Chapter, the Knights Templar, and has taken the thirty- 
second degree in Masonry. He was treasurer for a number of years 
in the blue lodge and has served as high priest of the Chapter. He is 
a member of the County, State and American Medical Associations. 
The Doctor has always been a Republican of strong views, and he has 
taken a great interest in the success of the party. 

On May 19, 1886, Dr. Gibson married Miss Jencie Burton, the 
daughter of E. Burton, of Mitchell, Indiana. He was a native of North 



1272 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Carolina, who came to Indiana in his young days, there passing the 
remainder of his life. Four children were born to Dr. and Mrs. Gib- 
son : Paul W., a student in college at Lebanon, Illinois ; Catherine, in 
the parental home and attending school in Louisville ; Burton P. and 
Nellie Jencie, also at home attending school. The family reside in the 
fine old homestead which was once the property of ex-governor John R. 
Tanner. 

ADEN KNOPH. One of Richland county's most prominent and suc- 
cessful business men, Aden Knoph has served for thirty years as 
president of the First National Bank of Olney, during which time he 
has become widely recognized as one of the most able and successful 
financiers of Southern Illinois. A native of Lawrence county, Illinois, 
he was born at Lawrenceville December 18, 1843, of Danish ancestry. 

His father, Thompson Knoph, spent his early life in Denmark, his 
birth having occurred at Copenhagen, September 4, 1801. Immigrat- 
ing to America in 1831 he lived for a short time in Arkansas, and 
afterwards, in company with a Mr. Bishop, was engaged in the whole- 
sale grocery business at Evansville, Indiana, until 1840 or 1841. Com- 
ing from there to Illinois, he embarked in the mercantile and pork 
packing business at Lawrenceville, for a number of years being very 
successful in his operations. Subsequently reverses occurred, and he 
lost much of his wealth on pork, having been at the time of his death, 
August 22, 1867, a comparatively poor man. He was a Republican 
in politics, and cast his vote for John C. Fremont for president. He 
married Lucinda Brunson, a native of Ohio. Both were held in high 
esteem throughout the community, and both were valued members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Brought up in Lawrenceville, Aden Knoph there acquired a good 
knowledge of the three "R's," although he never attended school 
after ten years of age, being forced to work for a living after his 
father became bankrupt. Entering his father's store, he continued 
with him until the breaking out of the Civil war, after which he was 
clerk in the store of his father at Vincennes, Indiana. Coming to 
Olney, Illinois, two years later, Mr. Knoph enlisted in Company G, 
Ninety-eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry which became a part of the 
famous Wilder 's Brigade. Joining the Army of the Cumberland, he 
fought in all the principal battles participated in by his command, 
serving until the close of the conflict, during the last eight months of 
the time serving as adjutant of his regiment. In the early spring of 
1865, at the engagement in Selma, Alabama, he was severely wounded, 
and having been taken on an ambulance to Macon, Georgia, remained 
there until the war was ended. 

Returning to Olney, Illinois, July 7, 1865, Mr. Knoph had a great 
desire to fit himself for the legal profession, but was forced to aban- 
don the idea on account of his exceedingly limited means. He clerked, 
therefore, in a store for two years, when, in 1868, he was elected clerk 
of the circuit court, a position to which he was re-elected for the next 
two terms on the Republican ticket, each time carrying Richland 
county, notwithstanding the county had normally a Democratic ma- 
jority of from two hundred to five hundred votes. 

Entering the commercial field in 1880, Mr. Knoph traveled for a 
wholesale house of Cincinnati for two years, when, in 1882, he was 
elected president of the First National Bank of Olney, a position 
which he has since held. This bank is one of the strong financial in- 
stitutions of Richland county, having a capital of $50.000; surplus 
profits of $35,000 ; and deposits amounting to $500,000. Mr. Knoph is 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1273 

one of the more wealthy men of Richland county, in addition to hold- 
ing title to city property of value being the owner of a large farm and 
a highly productive apple orchard. He has been successful in busi- 
ness, meeting with far more prosperity than the average man, and is 
highly esteemed as a man of worth and ability. During the Spanish- 
American war he raised a regiment in ten days, and was elected 
colonel, but was never called to the front. 

Politically Mr. Knoph has been chairman of the Republican cen- 
tral committee for a year. In 1904 he was a candidate for the office 
of state treasurer, but failed to secure the nomination. Since its or- 
ganization, he has been secretary of Wilder 's Brigade, to which he 
belonged when in the army. For upwards of forty years Mr. Knoph 
has belonged to the Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons, be- 
ing a member of lodge, chapter, council and commandery, as a Knight 
Templar being past eminent commander. 

Mr. Knoph married July 1, 1869, Carliette Morehouse, whose 
father, Othniel Morehouse, was born in that part of Lawrence county, 
Illinois, that is now included within the boundaries of Richland county.. 
Mr. and Mrs. Knoph have two children living, namely: Edward, of 
Freeport, Illinois, a railroad conductor; and Maude, wife of E. P. 
Cochennour, a railway conductor, living at Pratt, Kansas. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Knoph are trustworthy members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. 

STEVEN C. LEWIS. An able and influential member of the Illinois 
bar, Steven C. Lewis has long enjoyed a substantial law practice, and 
now, as county judge of Richland county, is fast building up an en- 
viable reputation as a wise and impartial dispenser of justice. A son 
of the late William Lewis, he was born September 12, 1862, in Law- 
rence county, Illinois, of pioneer stock. His paternal grandfather, 
Joseph Lewis, migrated from North Carolina to Illinois in an early 
period of its settlement, and having taken up land from the govern- 
ment improved a good homestead, on which he spent his remaining days. 

Born in North Carolina, William Lewis was but a child when he 
came with his parents to Lawrence county, Illinois. He was brought 
up on the home farm, and Continued the pursuit of agriculture during 
his entire life, being quite successful in his operations. A man of ster- 
ling integrity, he was held in high respect throughout the community. 
He was a Democrat in his political views, but he was not an office 
seeker. He married Mary Gaddy, who was born in Tennessee, and came 
to Illinois with her parents in childhood. Her father, James Gaddy, 
served as a soldier in the Black Hawk war. Migrating from Tennessee 
to Illinois, he took up a tract of government land in Lawrence county, 
and having improved a good farm was thereafter engaged in tilling the 
soil until his death. 

Receiving his early education in the public schools of Lawrence and 
Wabash counties, Illinois, Steven C. Lewis began working on the home 
farm. His tastes and ambitions, however, as is natural to a man of 
his mental calibre, turned towards a professional life, and he began to 
read law under Judge Hugh Fields. Having concluded his studies 
under the instruction of Judge Frank C. Meserve, Mr. Lewis was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1892. and immediately began the practice of his 
chosen profession at Sumner, Illinois, where he met with such encour- 
aging success that he continued there -sixteen years. Coming to Olney, 
Illinois, in 1908, Mr. Lewis immediately became prominent not only in 
professional circles, but in public affairs, within a year being elected 
city attorney. In 1911 he was nominated for county judge on the Re- 



1274 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

publican ticket, and notwithstanding that the county is a Democratic 
stronghold was elected by a good majority, his vote at the polls be- 
speaking his popularity with all classes of people, regardless of party 
affiliations. Judge Lewis is admitted to practice in all the courts, and 
has a large and remunerative patronage. Starting in life as a farmer's 
lad, he has gradually climbed the ladder of success, and through his own 
efforts has become exceedingly prosperous, in addition to having a val- 
uable practice being the owner of two highly improved farms and city 
property of value. Fraternally the Judge is prominent in Masonic 
circles, being a member of Sumner Lodge, No. 364, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Order of Masons ; of Chapter No. 35, Royal Arch Masons ; and 
of Gorin Commandery, No. 14, Knights Templar. 

Judge Lewis married, in 1880, Elizabeth Wright, a daughter of 
Rev. James B. Wright, a preacher in the Christian church, who as a 
pioneer of Lawrence county entered land from the government, and on 
the farm which he improved spent his remaining years. The Judge and 
Mrs. Lewis are the parents of five children, namely : Gallic, wife of F. 
W. Westall, a dry goods merchant in Sumner, Illinois; Olive M., a 
school teacher, who is highly educated, and in addition to having trav- 
eled extensively in the United States will spend the summer of 1912 
in Europe ; Ethel D., a teacher in the Bridgeport, Illinois, high school ; 
0. E., a lawyer, in partnership with his father, is prominent in frater- 
nal circles, being a Mason and a leading member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks; and Lawrence D., who is attending school. 
Judge Lewis and his family are members of the Christian church, and 
in their every day life exemplify its teachings. 

WILLIAM H. HART. In the ranks of the legal profession in Frank- 
lin county it is safe to say that no name is better or more widely known 
that that of William H. Hart, former county judge and now conduct- 
ing a most successful partnership with Walter W. Williams, the same 
constituting a combination of professional ability second to none here- 
about. Extensive as his practice may be. Mr. Hart's interests are by 
no means limited to it, for he is identified in an important manner with 
the coal commerce, his legal associate also being with him in this en- 
terprise, which is known as the Hart-Williams Coal Company, Mr. 
Hart holding the offices of secretary and treasurer. 

William H. Hart is a native of Williamson county, his eyes having 
first opened to the light of day within its pleasant boundaries on 
August 31, 1862. He is the son of William Jasper and Sarah Ann 
(Murphy) Hart, the former of whom was born in Kentucky and the 
latter in Indiana. They came to Illinois at an early day, when the 
state was still wild and the Red man still claimed it as his own hunting 
ground, and here they lived their wholesome useful lives, carving a 
home out of the wilderness and laying the paths of civilization straight 
and clean. The father was a farmer, it goes without saying, and he 
was prominent and honored by his neighbors, affording in his own 
life a worthy example for the young men of his acquaintance. He was, 
nevertheless, quiet and unassuming and took no decided part in poli- 
tics and public life. He was a Democrat in his political faith. The 
mother was a devout member of the Missionary Baptist church and a 
worthy and admirable helpmeet for her pioneer husband. The sub- 
ject 's grandfather was an early settler in Kentucky and was unknown 
by him, the older gentleman's demise having occurred before his time. 
The mother's family, the Murphys, were early Hoosier settlers. 

Mr. Hart received his first introduction to Minerva in the Frank- 
lin county schools and entered upon his career as a wage-earner in the 



OF THE 

OF WISSE 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1275 

capacity of a teacher. For ten years he engaged in a pedagogical 
capacity, but during most of that time he was arriving at the conclu- 
sion that he wanted to be a lawyer and later effected his preliminary 
studies. He taught in several localities in Franklin, Jackson, Ran- 
dolph and Monroe counties, and always with satisfaction to all con- 
cerned, for he had an enlightened idea of the duties of a preceptor. 
In 1890, while engaged in teaching, he met and married Mary W. East, 
a pioneer of Coulterville, Illinois. Mrs. Hart was also a teacher and 
received her education in the Carbondale Normal School. To this 
union a fine quartet of sons and daughters have been born, namely; 
William W., Marion M., Mary M. and Mable E. All of them are in 
attendance at school, and William W. graduated from the township 
high school with the class of 1912. 

Mr. Hart attacked his Blackstone under the able direction of Daniel 
M. Browning, and to such good effect that he was admitted to the bar 
in February, 1889. Subsequent to that he entered the office of Brown- 
ing & Cantrell, and remained thus engaged until Mr. Browning was 
made commissioner of Indian affairs during Cleveland's administra- 
tion. He then formed a partnership with W. S. Spiller, and remained 
with that gentleman in successful practice until Mr. Hart's high stand- 
ing as a lawyer and citizen received signal recognition by his election 
to the county judgeship in 1898. He served one term and then re- 
entered the active practice of law. He now enjoys one of the largest 
practices in all Southern Illinois, and he has been connected with a 
great deal of important litigation. He has always been a Democrat 
since he had any ideas upon the subject or was old enough to have the 
right of franchise, and he is influential in party councils. From 1900 
to 1902 he was a member of the State Democratic Committee. He 
formed a partnership with W. W. Williams in 1906, which partner- 
ship still exists. Their important connection with coal mining has been 
previously noted. 

Mr. Hart is a Mason, belonging to the Chapter and being very popu- 
lar in the time-honored order. He and his family are members of the 
Christian church. 

SAMUEL MONROE DAILEY. Eleven years ago when Samuel Monroe 
Dailey became connected with the enterprise in Louisville which he 
has conducted with so much success since its inception, he possessed as 
his sole asset H?is ten years of valuable experience as a clerk in an es- 
tablishment similar to the one which he proposed to launch. To off- 
set this asset he had a goodly handicap in the way of borrowed capital. 
In spite of the meagreness of his resources as to material wealth, his 
resources of shrewdness, far-sightedness and all around business abil- 
ity have been sufficient to win to him a degree of success far in ad- 
vance of that of his contemporaries, and he has from the first enjoyed 
a prosperity and a generous trade almost in excess of his expectations. 

Born in Perry county, Indiana, Samuel Monroe Dailey is- the son 
of T. J. and Sarah Ellen (Whitmarsh) Dailey. The father was a na- 
tive of Kentucky, and as a young man he moved thence to Grantsburg, 
Crawford county, Indiana, and began the practice of medicine, in which 
profession he had been trained in his native state. He carried on a 
lucrative practice there from the year of his advent into Indiana (1867) 
until the time of his death, which occurred in 1893. He died in Posey- 
ville, Indiana. He was a member of the Methodist church all his life 
and was a Republican in his political faith. The maternal grandfather 
of Samuel Monroe Dailey, was born in New York city. He also was a 
member of the medical profession, and after his removal to Indiana con- 



1276 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

tinued there in practice for the remainder of his life. Young Dailey 
attended the public schools of Poseyville, and after his graduation from 
the high school took a two years' course at the normal at Danville, 
Illinois. He then taught school for a period of five years, after which 
he took a position as clerk in a general store in Poseyville, where he 
remained for ten years, and where he gained a generous fund of expe- 
rience and a working knowledge of the general run of such a business. 
Thus equipped, and with practically no capital, Mr. Dailey determined 
to launch out into business on his own responsibility. He accordingly 
chose Louisville for the scene of his operations and in 1901 he located 
there, putting in a stock of general merchandise and opening his doors 
to the public. From the first he drew a large trade, and has continued 
to hold the best business in Louisville. He has increased his lines from 
time to time, always keeping well abreast of the popular demands, and 
his establishment has a reputation for up-to-dateness that is one of its 
most valuable characteristics. His complete interests are centered in 
his mercantile establishment and he has made no other investments of 
any kind regarding one well-protected investment as more profitable 
than a number of less safe ones. Mr. Dailey is connected with the Ma- 
sonic order, the Pythian Knights, the Elks and the Odd Fellows. 

In 1902 Mr Daily was united in marriage with Lena Davis, the 
daughter of J. B. Davis, who was born, reared and still lives in Posey- 
ville, and where Mrs. Dailey also was born and reared. Mr. Davis is 
postmaster in Poseyville, and he is a veteran of the Civil war, as was 
also the father of Mr. Dailey. One child has been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Dailey, Alan Dailey. 

ALSIE N. TOLLIVER. Many of the prominent and valuable citizens of 
Louisville of the younger generation are men who were born and bred 
in Clay county and of such men Alsie N. Tolliver is a bright example. 
The familiar aphorism "far off hills look greenest" has carried no 
weight with Mr. Tolliver, and he has been well content to devote his 
energies to the opportunities which presented themselves in his home 
town and county. The very agreeable degree of success which he has 
thus far experienced is ample evidence that his judgment of the future 
of Louisville was well founded. 

Born in Clay county, October 12, 1870, Alsie N. Tolliver is the son 
of John H. and Margaret (Lauchner) Tolliver. The father was born 
in Lawrence county, Indiana, in 1844, while the mother was born in 
Tennessee in the same year. John H. Tolliver came to Illinois in the 
fifties, where he was occupied with farming interests for a number of 
years. He also became interested in the drug business, and was thus 
connected for a period of twenty years. He is still a resident of Clay 
county and is an honored and useful citizen. He is a veteran of the 
Civil war, serving three years in the Forty-fourth Illinois, and seeing 
much active service in the various campaigns he participated in. He 
is a Republican of strong and sturdy character and has ever been a 
faithful adherent of the party and an advocate of party interests. In 
his own town he has filled practically all the offices of a public char- 
acter. The father of John H. Tolliver was Isom Tolliver. born in In- 
diana and there reared. He came to Illinois in the early fifties and 
entered upon government land, which he improved and worked as a 
farm of considerable value. He passed his life on the farm thus ob- 
tained and there died. He was a particularly successful man in his 
business, and was regarded as being exceptionally well-to-do for his 
day and age. Certain it is that he possessed a wide acquaintance in 
Southern Illinois and was prominent among the more important men 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1277 

of his time. The maternal grandfather of Alsie Tolliver was Daniel 
Lauchner, born in Tennessee, who came to Illinois in about 1850. He 
settled on an Illinois farm in Clay county and devoted the remainder 
of his life to farming pursuits, being known as one of the more solid' 
and conservative men of his district. 

Alsie Tolliver received his education in the common schools of Clay 
county. Finishing his studies, he began life as a teacher, and for ten 
years was thus occupied, in the meantime continuing his own studies 
until in 1898 he gave up teaching and took up the study of the law. 
In 1903 Mr. Tolliver was admitted to the bar, and he began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Louisville in the same year. Since that time 
he has made his headquarters in Louisville and has built up a fine and 
lucrative practice. He has been an important factor in the political 
and civic life of the town, and has done much for the uplift of civic 
conditions within the sphere of his activity. In 1906, only three years 
after his admission to the bar, he was elected to the office of county 
judge on the Republican ticket, of which party he is an enthusiastic 
supporter, and again in 1910 he was re-elected to that important office. 
Mr. Tolliver has filled that office in a manner wholly creditable to his 
ability as member of the legal fraternity and as a citizen of unblem- 
ished integrity. Always deeply interested in the fortunes of the Re- 
publican party, he has been "up and doing" for the cause since his 
earliest manhood, and since his residence in Louisville has been prom- 
inently identified with the party and its activities. He has been chosen 
to represent the party in its state conventions on numerous occasions and 
his name is always to be found on any committee of importance relative 
to the labors of that political body in his county. 

Mr. Tolliver and his family are members of the Baptist church of 
Louisville, in which denomination he was reared by his parents, them- 
selves members of that church ; and he is prominent in local Masonic 
circles. He is a member of the Chapter and has been through all the 
chairs of the blue lodge. 

On June 15, 1892, Mr. Tolliver was united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Bryan, daughter of Josiah Bryan, an early settler of Clay 
county, of which he is still an honored resident. He was actively en- 
gaged in farming for years, but is now retired, and is passing his de- 
clining years in the enjoyment of the fruits of his labors of earlier 
years. Six children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Tolliver, and all 
are attendants of the Louisville schools. The wife and mother passed 
away, and Mr. Tolliver was subsequently united in marriage with 
Miss Rachel Kincaid, daughter of Jonathan Kincaid, of Clay county, 
prominent in his district for many years as a stock-raiser and agricul- 
turist of considerable importance. Of this latter union, one child has 
been born. 

SAMUEL H. FELDMEIEB. Well directed energy is an asset to every 
modern business man, without which even the most favorably situated 
may fail, and as an element of success it may be considered of first 
value. When men of large capital or large corporations select officials 
for important positions in their enterprises and undertakings they are 
very liable to make choice from among those who have already dem- 
onstrated business energy. In this connection attention may be called 
to the present efficient secretary and treasurer of the Salt Lick Milling 
Company doing an extensive business at Valmeyer, Monroe county. Illi- 
nois Samuel H. Feldmeier, who was born at Waterloo, Illinois. March 
27, 1885. He is a son of Henry and Ernestine (Kurt) Feldmeier. 

Henry Feldmeier was born March 2, 1861, at Maeystown, Monroe 

Vol. 313 



1278 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

county, Illinois, and at present is a resident of Waterloo. His father, 
Frederick Feldmeier, was an early settler on the rich bottom land along 
the river near Waterloo, and was a veteran of the Mexican war. Henry 
Feldmeier engaged in farming near Waterloo until 1885, when he 
moved into the town, where he is at present serving as superintendent of 
the Waterloo electric light plant. He still owns his farm of one hun- 
dred and twenty acres. He married Ernestine Kurt, who was born 
in Dresden, Saxony, Germany, and they have three children, namely : 
Samuel H., Louise and Florence, the last named being Mrs. M. A. 
Koenigsmark. Henry Feldmeier and wife are members of the Lutheran 
church. 

In the public schools at Waterloo, Illinois, Samuel H. Feldmeier se- 
cured an excellent education. A farmer's life did not appeal to him, 
hence when seventeen years of age he left home and went to St. Louis, 
Missouri, where he became an employe of the Standard Stamping Com- 
pany and remained with the same firm until May 25, 1910, when he 
became interested in the grain business in connection with the W. L. 
Green Commission Company. He continued with the same firm until 
April 1, 1911, and displayed such excellent judgment in this line that 
he made a very favorable impression and severed his pleasant business 
relations only to accept his present position, that of secretary and 
treasurer, as above mentioned, with the Salt Lick Milling Company, at 
Valmeyer. This enterprise is a stock company, backed by large capi- 
tal, with J. J. Koenigsmark as president. The capacity of the mill is 
two hundred barrels, the leading brands of flour being the Valmeyer 
Patent and the Purity. Employment is afforded fifteen workmen, the 
mill is equipped with modern, improved machinery, and the outlook 
for the future is very promising. 

On November 17, 1909, Mr. Feldmeier was united in marriage with 
Miss Wilhelmina Koenigsmark, a daughter of J. J. Koenigsmark, and 
they had one son, Robert Louis. Mrs. Feldmeier died at Valmeyer on 
September 30, 1911. In his political views Mr. Feldmeier is a Repub- 
lican and fraternally he is identified with the Masons and the Modern 
Woodmen of America. He is a member of the Lutheran Evangelical 
church. 

WILLIAM MOHLENBBOCK. Among the well known citizens of Jack- 
son county was William Mohlenbrock, who immigrated to the United 
States in 1859, coming directly to Illinois, and located in Red Bud, Ran- 
dolph county. 

In 1861, loyal to his adopted country, he enlisted in Company C, 
Ninth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and for four years did service in 
the army. In 1866 he settled at Campbell Hill, and was here extensively 
engaged in mercantile pursuits until his death, which occurred April 
16, 1898. He was a man of great business enterprise and judgment, and 
was largely influential in building up the interests of the city, which he 
served as mayor several years. He founded the milling company which 
bears his name, and took especial pride and pleasure in advancing the 
cause of education, serving as an active and valued member of the school 
board for many years. Fraternally he belonged to the A. F. and A. M. 
and to the G. A. R. 

He married while in Red Bud Minna Kroemer, a daughter of Conrad 
Kroemer, a Randolph county farmer, and to them were born nine chil- 
dren: Malte, Charles, Eva, Fortis, Eric, Haydee, Osser, Herman and 
Ludwig. Charles and Eric are deceased. 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1279 

JOHN FRANKLIN PORTERFIELD. All the years of the life of this es- 
teemed citizen of Carbondale since he left school have been devoted to 
railroad work, and he has risen step by step in the service, as he dem- 
onstrated his fitness for advancement, from the humble position of 
messenger to that of superintendent of one of the busiest and most 
important divisions of the road with which he is connected. His sev- 
eral promotions have not come to him, however, as gratuities, or 
through favoritism or influence. He has earned them, one after an- 
other by fidelity to duty, capacity in his work and loyal devotion to 
the interests of his employers, with due regard for the welfare of the 
public. 

Mr. Porterfield is a native of Pulaski county, Illinois, where his life 
began on February 23, 1871. He is a son of Benjamin F. and Sarah 
Margaret (Hunter) Porterfield. The father was a manufacturer of 
lumber and prominent in the business. He died in 1907. The mother 
is still living, and has her home in Chicago. While they were able to 
provide the ordinary comforts of life for themselves and their off- 
spring, they did not find the way to furnishing their son John with 
opportunity for advanced scholastic training. And it is doubtful if 
he would have availed himself of it if they had. For from his boy- 
hood he was eager to do something for himself, and make his own way 
in the world. He obtained a district school education and then en- 
tered the employ of the Illinois Central Railroad Company as a mes- 
senger at Pulaski in his native county. After serving the road for a 
time in this capacity he became its telegraph operator and later its 
agent at Pulaski. He was next chief clerk to a succession of super- 
intendents at Cairo, New Orleans, Chicago and La Salle. He com- 
pleted his apprenticeship in this department of the service with credit 
to himself and benefit to the road and its patrons, and was made train- 
master for a period sufficiently long to prepare him for higher duties 
and more important responsibilities. 

He served as division superintendent at Vicksburg, Mississippi, 
New Orleans, Louisiana, Memphis, Tennessee ; in 1910 was transferred to 
the St. Louis division, of which he has been superintendent ever since, 
with headquarters in Carbondale and with a large and active territory 
to supervise in his particular line of very important work. 

On January 27, 1892, Mr. Porterfield was married to Miss Cora 
Stewart, of Pulaski. They have one child, their son Robert Rowley, 
who is a student at St. John's Military Academy in Delafield, Wiscon- 
sin. The father is a prominent member of the Association of Railroad 
Superintendents and chairman of the transportation committee of the 
St. Louis lines in that organization. In fraternal circles he is a Free- 
mason of the thirty-second degree in the Scottish Rite and a Noble of 
the Mystic Shrine holding his membership in these branches of the 
order in Memphis, Tennessee. His religious affiliation is with the Pres- 
byterian church. He is zealous in his support of all commendable 
undertakings for the progress and improvement of Carbondale and 
Jackson county, the substantial welfare of their people, and all agen- 
cies for good at work among them. He and his wife are welcome ad- 
ditions to every good social circle, and are universally regarded as 
among the most estimable and worthy citizens of the county. 

C. D. STILWELL. Coming from Chicago to Harrisburg in 1905, 
C. D. Stilwell soon gained a position of note among the leading mem- 
bers of the legal profession of Saline county, and in 1906 was honored 
by the voters of Harrisburg as their choice for city attorney. Posses- 
sing great tact and good judgment, coupled with a splendid knowl- 



1280 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

edge of the law, he has since met with every requirement of that re- 
sponsible office. Enterprising and progressive, Mr. Stilwell takes an 
active interest in municipal affairs, and is known as a consistent and 
persistent "booster," and one who will do his full share in advancing 
the public welfare. 

When Mr. Stilwell located in Harrisburg the public thoroughfares 
were well-nigh impassable three months in the year, the mails being 
hauled from the depot to the postoffice in hand carts, while the com- 
mercial men walked through the muddy streets, carrying their bag- 
gage in their hands. Mr. Stilwell began talking sewerage and pave- 
ments, and so aroused the people that many were induced to second 
his efforts, the councilmen becoming particularly enthusiastic in the 
matter. The materialization of well formed plans, for which he as- 
sumed the legal responsibility, and shaped the necessary legislation, 
resulted in the laying of nine miles of sewers, five miles of brick pave- 
ments, and long stretches of concrete walks in the city, improvements 
that are now absolutely indispensable. 

Two or three years before a mile of stone road had been constructed 
by the state, but was of no practical value in these low lands. Mr. 
Stilwell advocated a brick pavement laid on a concrete foundation 
for country roads, stating his reasons clearly. The Commercial Club 
of Harrisburg took up the matter, and having $23,000 to spend for 
road improvements appointed, in July, 1911, a committee to investi- 
gate the subject. This committee appointed visited different places in 
Indiana, Illinois and Ohio, in each county inspected hundreds of miles 
of stone, gravel and brick roads, and each member of said committee 
decided in favor of the brick material. Soon after the committee's 
report was made public a contract was let for the construction of a 
nine-foot, concrete base, vitrified brick road, which is now well begun, 
and is surely to be the entering wedge to brick country roads through- 
out Southern Illinois. Too much credit for the improvement of the 
public highways cannot be given Mr. Stilwell, his championship of the 
good roads movement having borne good results. 

MARION S. WHITLEY, who occupies a prominent place among the 
leading members of the Southern Illinois bar, has been a resident of 
Harrisburg since 1892, when he moved to the county seat to enter 
upon the duties of attorney for Saline county, to which office he had 
that year been elected. A brief review of his life reveals the following 
facts: 

Marion S. Whitley was born three miles north of Eldorado, Saline 
county, Illinois, June 17, 1860, son of Silas A. and Hannah (Craw- 
ford) Whitley. His paternal grandparents, George and Sherel (Wal- 
ler) Whitley, natives of North Carolina, came north about 1820 and 
settled in Williamson county, and it was in Williamson county in 
1837, that Silas A. Whitley was born. For a number of years Silas 
A. Whitley was engaged in the sawmill business in Saline, Hamilton 
and Johnson counties. -Finally he settled down at Eldorado, in Saline 
county, where he passed the rest of his life, and where he died in 
1900. He was twice married. His first wife, Hannah, was a daugh- 
ter of William Crawford, a pioneer of Saline county who came here 
from Virginia some time between 1820 and 1830, and who died at 
about the age of sixty years. Hannah (Crawford) Whitley was born 
in this county, and died here in 1866, at the age of twenty-three years. 
She left three children: Silas A., a druggist at Eldorado; Angie, now 
Mrs. Pemberton, at Forsythe, Montana; and Marion S., the subject of 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1281 

this sketch. By his second wife, who was Eliza E. Taylor, of Hamilton 
county, Silas A. Whitley had five children, three of whom are living, 
namely: Ed. S., George P. and Serel, all of Eldorado. The mother 
of this family is still living and is a resident of Eldorado. 

Marion S. Whitley while in his 'teens was engaged in the sawmill 
business with his father. From sawmilling, in 1880, he turned to 
teaching school and studying law. As a teacher he began on a salary 
of $32.50 a month, and with this small amount paved his way to the 
bar. Mornings and evenings and vacation times were spent with 
his law books, his instructor a portion of the time being John J. Parish, 
of Harrisburg. He taught in Gallatin, Hamilton, White and Saline 
counties, the last two years of his career as teacher being spent at 
Galatia, where, in 1888, he was admitted to the bar. He began the 
practice of law at Galatia, and remained there until 1892, when, as 
indicated in the opening paragraph of this sketch, he was elected to 
the office which brought him to Harrisburg. He prosecuted the only 
man who was ever hung in Saline county. Mr. Whitley 's abilities and 
high standards soon brought him into prominence as a lawyer. Dur- 
ing the past ten years he has been identified with the trial of almost 
every important case in the county, and for five years he has served as 
attorney for all the various large coal companies in the county. In 
the famous contested election case, Choisser vs. York, involving the 
question of validity of a judge of elections, initials being stamped with 
rubber stamp on back of ballot before it is placed in box instead of 
initials in own hand, an important precedent was established for Illi- 
nois by the supreme court, where it was taken on appeal from deci- 
sion of Judge Philbrick, of Champaign. Every contention of Mr. 
Whitley that genuine initials were necessary to establish identity of 
the ballot was sustained. 

Mr. Whitley 's political affiliations have always been with the Re- 
publican party. While a resident of Galatia he served as president of 
the village board, and one term filled the office of mayor of Harrisburg. 
In 1900 he was presidential elector for his district, and cast one of 
the votes which elected McKinley. He was at one time a candidate for 
nomination for circuit judge, but was defeated. 

Fraternally Mr. Whitley is a Royal Arch Mason, and in his chap- 
ter has filled the chair of high priest. Religiously he is identified with 
the Christian Scientists. 

In 1886, at Golconda, Illinois, Marion S. Whitley and Miss Alice 
Thomas, of that place, were united in marriage, and to them have been 
given three children, namely: Clifford W., a dentist of Harrisburg; 
Yutha, wife of Carl W. Peterson; and Hannah, a high school student. 

ABNER PALMER WOODWORTH. Crawford county, perhaps, owes 
more of its financial and industrial growth to the life and influence of 
the late Abner Palmer Woodworth than to any other one individual. 
He was an important factor in the life of Robinson from 1850 up to 
the time of his death, and contributed largely toward its advancement 
during those years. 

Mr. Woodworth was born in Palestine, Illinois, on June 20, 1829, 
and was a son of John Spencer and Elizabeth (Greer) Woodworth. 
The father was born on a farm near Albany, New York, on Decem- 
ber 29, 1775. The mother was a native of South Carolina, born there 
in 1779, and they were united in marriage in Lawrence county, Illi- 
nois, where he died in 1850, his widow surviving him for several years. 
John Spencer Woodworth came to Kentucky in 1812. It was about 
then that he began to hear about the land lying along the Wabash 



1282 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

river, and the reports were so attractive that he, with about twenty 
others, came to Illinois to investigate the condition. Well pleased with 
the prospect, they returned to Kentucky and when the Illinois land 
was opened up in 1814 the party came back and settled. This party 
comprised a pioneer group of settlers of Crawford county and they 
lived there in primitive fashion, log cabins being the prevailing style 
in architecture. Indians were constantly to be seen on the prairies 
and wild animals abounded. Mr. Woodworth eventually bought land 
near the present site of Palestine, on which he lived until the time 
of his death. He was a man of no little prominence in Crawford 
county and throughout the state in its early days. He was the second 
sheriff of the county. At that time Crawford county included Chi- 
cago, which was Mr. Woodworth 's apple market, freighting his produce 
to Chicago by team. He was a prosperous farmer, owning at one 
time one thousand acres of land, a large portion of which he cleared 
and brought into a high state of cultivation. The family is one of 
old Colonial stock, Roswell Woodworth, the grandfather of Abner P. 
Woodworth, having served in the Revolutionary war, as did also his 
maternal grandfather. On both sides of the house, prominent men 
were to be found who played important parts in the early days of 
our country. 

Abner Palmer Woodworth was educated at Hanover College, In- 
diana. He was well trained in the science of farming on his father's 
place, to which he gave close attention in his school days. After two 
years of college training the young man took a position as clerk in a 
store, and in 1852 he was so well advanced that he was able to buy a 
half interest in the business of C. B. Lagow & Company in Robinson, 
and until 1863 the business of the store was conducted under the firm 
name of Woodworth & Lagow. In those days theirs was the only store 
in Robinson, then a straggling village of one hundred inhabitants per- 
haps. In 1863 they sold the stock to the firm of Braden & Dorothy 
and in the same year Mr. Woodworth engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness alone, continuing until 1868, at which time he launched a small 
banking enterprise in connection with his mercantile business, with the 
firm name of Woodworth Brothers & Company. This was later changed 
to the Robinson Bank, the change occurring in 1875, and in 1896 was 
reorganized and incorporated as the First National Bank of Robin- 
son, with A. P. Woodworth as president, a position which he held at 
the time of his death. In 1875 Mr. Woodworth gave over his mercan- 
tile interests entirely, thereafter devoting himself without reserve to 
the banking business until the reorganization of the bank in 1896. 

In addition to his many other enterprises, Mr. Woodworth assisted 
in the organization of the Paris & Danville Railroad, now known as 
the "Big Pour," and was the founder of the Woodworth Hotel. On 
reaching his majority he cast his first vote with the Whig party and 
later helped to organize the Republican party in Crawford county. He 
always was active in political matters, but never was prevailed upon 
to hold public office. He was a member of the Presbyterian church 
and was a trustee of that body for many years. 

On August 18, 1868, Mr. Woodworth was united in marriage with 
Ellen King at Binghamton, New York. She was a daughter of An- 
drew King, and was born in Lexington, Kentucky, but later removed to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where she lived until her marriage. Mr. King was 
a member of the firm of King, Corwin & Company, wholesale dry- 
goods merchants, and in later life removed to Leavenworth, Kansas, 
where he passed away. No children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Wood- 
worth. 



OF THE 



"tT<?jrv ri " ' I*T 




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HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1283 

REV. KASPEB SCHAUERTE. The honored and popular pastor of St. 
Andrew's church in the city of Murphysboro, Jackson county, is one 
of the representative members of the Catholic clergy in this diocese, 
and in his local field of endeavor he has accomplished most beneficent 
work, both along spiritual and temporal lines. He has built up one 
of the important parishes of this section of the state, is known as a 
man of high intellectual attainments and as one whose life is conse- 
crated to the high calling to which he is devoting his abilities and 
energies. 

Father Schauerte was born in the fine old province of Westphalia, 
Germany, and is a scion of one of the old and honored families of that 
part of the great empire. The date of his nativity was March 7, 1862, 
and he is a son of William and Regina (Matzhauser) Schauerte, who 
passed their entire lives in the fatherland. Their seven children, four 
sons and three daughters, are now living, the subject of this review 
being the first born. William Schauerte was a tailor by trade, but 
the major part of his active career was one of close identification with 
the great fundamental industry of agriculture. Both he and his wife 
were most devout and consistent communicants of the Catholic church, 
in whose faith their children were carefully reared. 

He whose name initiates this article was afforded the advantages of 
the excellent schools of his native land and in 1880, when about eigh- 
teen years of age, he severed the gracious ties which bound him to home 
and fatherland and came to America. He located at East St. Louis, 
Illinois, and in the meanwhile began the work of preparing himself 
for the priesthood of the great mother church of Christendom. He at- 
tended Teutopolis College, a Catholic school in Effingham county, Illi- 
nois, and thereafter completed his philosophical and theological studies 
in St. Francis Seminary, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in which institution 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1887. He was ordained 
to the priesthood on the 24th of June, 1887, by Archbishop Heiss, and 
on the 26th of the following month he was appointed substitute to Rev. 
F. Bergmann, who was then pastor of St. Andrew's church, Murphys- 
boro. Here he has since remained, his assignment to the full pastor- 
ate of this parish having occurred in the same year which marked his 
assuming connection with the parish. The church has been signally 
prospered in both spiritual and material activities under his earnest 
and effective regime, and the parish now has a representation of two 
hundred and seventy-five families. Under the administration of Father 
Schauerte has been erected the beautiful church, fine parish school 
building, the parish home, as well as the hospital and convent which 
form important adjuncts to the parochial work. Under his direction 
were also erected the Catholic churches at Carterville and Ava, and he 
was the dominating force in vitalizing the affairs of these parishes, in 
which he continues to maintain the deepest interest, notwithstanding 
the many and exacting demands of his home parish, in the work of which 
he has a valued coadjutor in the person of Rev. Fred Witte. 

Father Schauerte is a man of broad and liberal views and marked 
public spirit. His genial personality has gained to him the high re- 
gard of all who know him, and he has the affection and sympathetic 
co-operation of the members of his parish. He takes an active part in 
the affairs of the diocese of Belleville, of which his parish is a part, 
and is chairman of the diocesan board of education as well as of the 
board of building commissioners. His interest in the educational work 
of his church has been of the most insistent and benignant type and he 
is a member of the national educational association of the Catholic 
church in America. His interest in all that touches the material and 



1284 HISTOKY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

civic welfare of his home city is deep and active, and is measurably 
signified by his membership in the Murphysboro Commercial Associa- 
tion. 

HON. WILLIS DUFF PIERCY. Prominent among Jefferson county's 
most gifted and notable citizens is Hon. Willis Duff Piercy, author, 
orator, scholar, editor of the Daily and Weekly News of Mt. Vernon, 
representative from the Forty-sixth district to the Illinois state legis- 
lature, and Southern Illinois representative of the Charles E. Merrill 
Company of New York City, publishers of school and college text 
books. Mr. Piercy is widely and favorably known as a gentleman of 
high character, as well as unusual attainments, and his influence in the 
community has been marked and salutary. 

The birth of Mr. Piercy occurred April 28, 1874, in Hamilton 
county, Illinois, his father being Dr. Sherwood Piercy, a native of Jef- 
ferson county and a son of Anderson Piercy of North Carolina, who 
came as one of the pioneers to Jefferson county and helped pave the 
way for subsequent civilization. Dr. Piercy practiced medicine in Ham- 
ilton county and then in Jefferson county, the period of his career as a 
practitioner covering thirty-four years of signal usefulness. He died 
March 21, 1906, at the age of sixty-nine. He was always actively inter- 
ested in Democratic politics ; was a life-long Mason and a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He married Mary Mangrum, who survives 
and makes her home with her son, the subject of this review, and with 
her daughters. These worthy people reared a family of five children 
to maturity, namely : Mrs. M. N. Corn, Carlinville, Illinois ; Mrs. J. C. 
Jones, of Birch Tree, Missouri ; the subject ; Mrs. Clarence E. Danner, 
of Jefferson county; and Mrs. (Dr.) R. R. Smith, of Mt. Vernon. 

Mr. Piercy received his early education in the common schools of 
his native county and then entered Ewing College, where he pursued 
his studies from 1891 to 1892. Some years later he matriculated in 
McKendree College, at Lebanon, Illinois, where he was a student from 
1896 to 1901, in the latter year receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
He and his wife went through college together, after they were married, 
Mr. Piercy saving the money for their education from his salary as 
country teacher. Mrs. Piercy received her degree of Bachelor of Arts 
in the year following that of her husband (1902). Mr. Piercy had pre- 
viously been engaged in educational work, his first work as an instructor 
being in the common schools of Jefferson county (three years), and one 
year in the Mt. Vernon high school. In the fall of 1901 he went to 
Greenville, Illinois, as superintendent of the city schools and served in 
that capacity until the spring of 1903. In the ensuing fall he entered 
Harvard University, and in the spring of 190-4 was granted the degree of 
Master of Arts from that institution in the department of English. Pre- 
viously, while teaching school in Jefferson county, he had read law and 
had passed the bar examinations, being admitted to the bar in 1895. 
He served as private secretary to Congressman M. D. Poster of the 
Twenty-third district of Illinois, from March 4, 1907, to March 4. 1909, 
and resided in Washington, D. C., during the winter of 1907-08. His 
connection with the Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company, of New 
York City, had dated from a time several years previous and he had 
represented this concern for some three years. In 1908, upon his re- 
turn from the national capital, he again became associated with the 
Merrill Company and still retains his connection with it in the capacity 
of representative for Southern Illinois. 

The fact that Mr. Piercy had gained the confidence and admiration 
of the community in which he is best known is by no means difficult of 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1285 

explanation, and nothing could have been more appropriate than his 
election, in the fall of 1910, as representative from the Forty-sixth dis- 
trict to the lower house of the state assembly. He is now serving his 
first term and has given "a taste of his quality," which has abundantly 
proved the wisdom of his constituents and which makes subsequent 
political preferment a logical outcome. He was by no means a figure- 
head at. Springfield in one of the most important sessions of the assem- 
bly, matching swords with Lee 'Neil Browne in the arena of debate, to 
the discomfiture of that politician. He was instrumental in killing 
Browne's "Libel Bill," working strenuously and speaking effectively 
against a measure which he believed pernicious in the extreme. In fact, 
he was credited by the St. Louis Republic and several other journals 
as having himself dealt the death blow to the bill. His address against 
the bill was published throughout the United States and made for him 
more than a state-wide reputation in a day. In April, 1912, the Dem- 
ocrats of the Forty-sixth senatorial district, comprising the counties of 
Jefferson, Wayne. Richland and Jasper, nominated Mr. Piercy as their 
candidate for state senator, without opposition. 

He became connected with the Daily News as editor in January, 
1910, and is a creditable representative of the Fourth Estate. This 
sheet is owned and published by a stock company, Dr. Walter Watson 
being president and J. J. Baker, secretary, treasurer and general man- 
ager. It was established in 1871 as a weekly and in 1891 a daily edition 
was inaugurated, the circulation being at the present time 2,800. It 
is the official Democratic organ of Jefferson county and is an effective 
one, and it is the only Democratic paper in the county. The daily 
paper is an eight page, six column sheet, and the weekly is the same 
size. It is not only remarkably newsy, but stands an enlightened 
moulder of public opinion, its editorials being uniformly well conceived. 

Mr. Piercy was married April 3, 1895, to Miss Eulalia Whitson, of 
Jefferson county, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. B. Whitson and their 
charming and cultured home is shared by a daughter, Helen Whitson, 
aged eight years. 

Mr. Piercy is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks and with the Knights of Pythias. It is as an orator and platform 
speaker, perhaps, that Mr. Piercy is best known, and has been "nick- 
named" "the Silver-tongued Orator of Egypt." He is the author of a 
number of publications, such as "Death and Its Sorrow," published 
by the Neale Publishing Company, (N. Y., 1908); "Great Inventions 
and Discoveries," intended as supplementary reading or library book 
for school children, and published by the Charles E. Merrill Company 
of New York. For the past five years he has been a member of the Mt. 
Vernon township high school board of education and he has served as a 
member of the city public library board. In whatever capacity he has 
served his fellow men it has been with credit to himself and honor and 
profit to the people. 

MARION N. DRONE. In naming those who have been identified with the 
business and financial interests of Gallatin county, mention should be 
made of Marion N. Drone, cashier of the First National Bank of Ridg- 
way, and a native of that place, who has devoted his active business 
career to banking and enjoys the confidence and esteem of his fellow 
townsmen. Mr. Drone was born in Ridgway, December 9, 1885, and 
is a son of Alexander and Mary E. (Vilter) Drone, and a grandson 
of Joseph Drone. The latter came to Illinois from Ohio and settled 
two miles south of Ridgway, where he spent his life in agricultural 
pursuits. 



1286 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Alexander Drone was born in Ohio, and as a young man started out 
on his own account by purchasing cheap land in this county. At first 
he met with a number of minor disappointments, and soon it seemed 
that he would fail disastrously, as within the space of a year his wife 
died and he lost his house and barn by fire. However, he made a fresh 
start, remaining single for seven years, and during that time had re- 
covered his losses and started himself on the highroad to success. For 
many years he was engaged in farming and stockraising at the edge of 
the village of Ridgway, where he owned 1,200 acres of land, and his 
fine roadsters and jacks were exhibited at a number of fairs, where they 
took numerous prizes. In 1909 he was one of the organizers of the 
First National Bank, which was capitalized at $25,000, a new building 
erected for it and it now has $50,000 deposits and a surplus of $2.100. 
For the past eight years Mr. Drone has resided in Evansville, and now 
holds an official position with the Henneberger Ice and Cold Storage 
Company of Princeton, Indiana, and Mt. Carmel, Illinois. A self- 
made man in all that the word implies, Mr. Drone rose to his high posi- 
tion through his own ability, and his success in life should serve as an 
example to the aspiring youth of today and to show that a man may 
attain a comfortable competency and secure the esteem of his fellows 
through his own industry and integrity, and not through inherited ad- 
vantages. He was very fond of out-of-door sports, and was never so 
happy as when off on an outing with his rod or gun. In political mat- 
ters Mr. Drone was a Democrat, but he was never an office seeker, while 
in his religious views he was a life long member of St. Joseph's Catho- 
lic church. Of his children, six still survive, namely: Marion N., Lu- 
cretia, Vincent P., Leonard, Madeline and Philip Alexander. 

Marion N. Drone received his education in the public schools and 
Jasper College, Jasper, Indiana, from which he was graduated in 1904, 
at that time becoming bookkeeper of the Commercial Bank of Evans- 
ville. Subsequently he held a like position with the Mercantile National 
Bank, and rose to the position of receiving teller, but at the time of 
the organization of the First National Bank of Ridgway, in 1909, he 
came here as cashier of this institution, a position which he has held 
to the present time. Mr. Drone inherits his father's ability as a finan- 
cier and business man, and his pleasant personality has made him many 
friends among the bank's depositors, as it also has among his business 
associates. Also, like his father, he has been fond of out-of-door exer- 
cises, and is an expert at the game of tennis. 

On July 14 ,1908, Mr. Drone was united in marriage with Miss Etta 
Mary Zipp, of Evansville. They are members of St. Joseph's Catholic 
church, and Mr. Drone is a member of the Knights of Columbus and is 
financial secretary of the local lodge. 

WALKER W. MCCREERY. A name that looms up large in the history 
of Franklin county and Benton is that of Mr. Walker W. McCreery, 
whose activities and interests entitle him to a place in the forefront of 
the list of leading citizens of this part of the state. Mr. McCreery was 
born on October 10, 1858, becoming one of the fourth generation of 
his family in this state, the first member of which, John McCreery, 
migrated to Southern Illinois in 1787. He was a man of sturdy cour- 
age to thus push his way to the frontier beyond civilization, and his 
young wife who accompanied him must have possessed the same qual- 
ity in large degree. It is stated that when the young couple journeyed 
from their Kentucky home to become the first white settlers in Gallatin 
county, now Saline county, they had but one horse to ride and they 
took turns in mounting it, and accomplishing the long, dangerous trip 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1287 

by slow stages, albeit with final success. Indians were their only neigh- 
bors for a time, but they proved to be friendly and the hardy young set- 
tler and his wife were never molested by them in any way. He became 
a trader and a farmer and accumulated a large fortune for that day. 
His was the distinction also of being the first Squire in the county of 
which he was the first settler. 

Next in line came Alexander McCreery, son of John, who came to 
Illinois with his father; the third generation was headed by J. W. Mc- 
Creery, son of Alexander, born January 10, 1821, who in turn became 
the father Walker W. McCreery, of this sketch. J. W. McCreery 
married Mary E. Pace, who was born in 1824, the daughter of Joel 
Pace, an early settler of Jefferson county, who built the first brick house 
in that section and was one of the most prominent citizens there. He 
filled the office of clerk of court for a number of years and was also 
circuit clerk at one time. Mr. McCreery was an agriculturist and lived 
on and cultivated the same farm all his life. He was a man who took 
a leading part in public affairs and was widely known, having been a 
member of the county board of supervisors for many years and post- 
master at Cave Post Office for forty years and until that office was 
abandoned. He was of Republican political faith. His business affairs 
were carefully conducted and at the time of his death, on January 7, 
1892, he was well fixed financially. His wife survived him many years 
and died in 1903. Mr. and Mrs. McCreery were both devout members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, were people of high moral princi- 
ples and their passing was mourned by a large circle of friends who 
held them in the highest respect and esteem. 

Walker W. McCreery received his education in the common schools 
of Franklin county, but these were of the best class, with superior 
teachers, and when he ceased his studies he was possessed of more than 
the average learning. He had spent his life as a boy and young man on 
the farm, but in starting out on an independent business career chose 
to engage in livery work and made his initial venture. in that business 
at Thompsonville. In 1886 he located at Benton, conducting a livery 
stable for a time and later engaging in the lumber business, at first 
with J. T. Chenault, but subsequently buying out the latter 's interest 
and becoming sole owner of the business. Flattering success was his 
and by judicious investment and the exercise of excellent business fore- 
sight he was able to accumulate large financial interests. He retired 
from the lumber business and erected the McCreery Block, an exten- 
sive property in which is located the McCreery Hotel, the postoffice, a 
drug store and a large number of fine up-to-date offices. Mr. McCreery 
conducted the hotel that bears his name for one year, but has since 
leased it to other parties. In 1909 he further added to his already large 
holdings by purchasing the Benton Flour Mills, a large plant with 
capacity for producing one hundred and twenty-five barrels per day, 
and the product of these mills is shipped not only to all points in Illi- 
nois, but enters into interstate commerce extensively. Besides his city 
properties Mr. McCreery has some valuable farm holdings and is, al- 
together, rated as one of the wealthiest men of this section. He has 
lately made some large investments near Rosewood, New Mexico, and 
will probably spend the winters there. His success is but the natural 
result of the exercise of the superior business talents he possesses in the 
conduct of his commercial and industrial operations. A man of great 
capacities, he produces large and important results in whatever line 
of endeavor he elects to devote his time and attention. 

On June 6, 1883, occurred the marriage of Mr. McCreery and Miss 
Lizzie Swain, daughter of John F. Swain, a merchant of Charleston, 



1288 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Mississippi. Five children have been born of this union. Kate, William 
N., W. W., Jr., Vashti and John Alexander. All of the members of 
the family belong to the Methodist Episcopal church and are important 
factors in the moral and religious uplift of the community, as well as 
influential members of leading social circles. Mr. McCreery belongs to 
several fraternal orders, including the Masonic, being a past master of 
Benton Lodge, No. 64, and is also first chancellor commander of the 
Knights of Pythias. 

JOHN MILTON SHEETS is one of that body of men who are either 
a powerful force for good or a strong force for evil, depending on 
the personality of the men themselves. This body of men are the 
editors of our newspapers. Mr. Sheets is the editor of the Oblong 
Oracle, and of all the editors in the state none is more active than he 
in the cause of good government. He is a thorough believer in the 
necessity for editorial fearlessness, and is particularly earnest in his 
fight for the purity of the country press, which has such a tremendous 
influence on the politics of the country. The Tribune in commenting 
on a speech that Mr. Sheets, as president of the Illinois Press Asso- 
ciation, had made before that association in Chicago says, "The suc- 
cess of any movement for reform depends upon the courage and 
breadth and force of the press." These words were practically 
quoted from Mr. Sheets, but the Tribune adds, "Such a movement 
depends upon the attitude of what may be called the lesser press but 
which is in fact the greater press the newspaper of the smaller cities 
and towns, the so-called country press. The huge metropolitan news- 
papers are likewise influential and bear upon their shoulders a tre- 
mendous responsibility. But the country press is a greater power 
and sustains a greater responsibility. It is fortunate for the American 
people that this mighty force is not unfaithful to this service and 
that so many of those who control and direct it maintain a high 
sense of duty, courage and wakeful patriotism." Mr. Sheets is one 
of the leaders of these men of whom the Tribune spoke in such glow- 
ing terms, and while such men as he are standing in the positions of 
responsibility, we may trust that the snarl into which the public af- 
fairs of this commonwealth have been tangled will eventually be 
straightened out. 

John Milton Sheets was born at Oblong, Illinois, in Crawford 
county, on the 29th of March, 1875. His father was also a native of 
Oblong, the date of his birth being the 20th of November, 1853. His 
great-great-grandfather, William Sheets, came to America from Ger- 
many and fought through the Revolutionary war. His great-grand- 
father was born in Virginia and was a veteran of the War of 1812, 
and helped to defend Fort Knox at Vincennes. Indiana. His grand- 
father was born in Indiana, in 1817. His son John was the father 
of John Milton. The Sheets family has the distinction of fighting in 
every war the country has had. including the Black Hawk war, ex- 
cept the Mexican, and application was made for enlistment for that 
war but the quota had been filled. 

John Sheets, the father, has been engaged in a number of occupa- 
tions through his life. As a young man he was a farmer, then he went 
into the lumber business as the operator of a saw-mill, and his last en- 
terprise has been the manufacture of concrete. He is now interested in 
this business, which has proven to be very successful. He was married 
on the 27th of January, 1874. to Harriet Winger, a daughter of Adam 
Winger, who was born in Indiana. Eleven children were born of this 
marriage, John Milton being the eldest. Of this large family nine are 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1289 

living. Mr. Sheets, Sr., is a Democrat in his political views, and his 
fraternal affiliations are with the Odd Fellows and the Modern Wood- 
men of America. He is a devoted member of the Christian church. 

John Milton Sheets was brought up in the environment of a coun- 
try town, with no particular incentive to take up the work in which 
he has spent the greater part of his life. He attended the public 
schools and was graduated from the high school. On the completion 
of his school work he entered the postoffice as a clerk, and when he 
was twenty-one years of age he received the appointment as post- 
master. He held this office until the change in administration brought 
about a change of officials. He then went into the newspaper business. 

He bought out a paper that had been in circulation for two years, 
known as the Oblong Ledger, and changed the name to The Oracle. 
He then had an opportunity to buy The Leader, which he seized upon 
and combined this paper with the one he had just purchased. The 
first issue of The Oracle was published on the 4th of June, 1897, and 
from that day down to the present the circulation has steadily in- 
creased. It is now about twelve times as large as it was originally. 
The plant of the paper is new and contains much modern printing 
machinery. Connected with the paper is a very fine job department, 
where excellent work is done. The Oracle is an eight page weekly, 
and its politics are Democratic, though as Mr. Sheets says the dis- 
graceful situation in Illinois to-day is due neither to the Republican 
nor to the Democratic parties, but to "bipartisan political dishonesty." 
Consequently his paper, while loyal to the Democratic principles, 
denounces those men who, hiding behind the shoulder of this great 
party, work for the interests of "big business." The paper has been 
instrumental in raising the price of real estate by bringing before 
the public eye the merits of some of the properties in the county. 
The paper is anti-saloon in policy and was very efficient in the fight 
to drive saloons out of the county. When the question of good 
roads came up before the public The Oracle led the forces, and kept 
insisting day after day that good roads were necessary to the progress 
of the county, and now the county owns many stone roads, and the 
roads all through the section have been greatly improved and are 
kept in good condition. The Oracle took the initiative in advocating 
the laying of concrete walks, with the result that Oblong has now 
more concrete walks than any other town of its size in the state. 
Another valuable campaign in which the paper led was the one which 
advocated the building of a railroad from Charleston to Mount Car- 
mel. This line is now operating under the name of the Oil Belt Rail- 
road, from Oblong to Hardinville. Mr. Sheets was not only active 
in urging that the people do all in their power to secure the railroad, 
but he was one of the incorporators himself and has always been in- 
terested in its success, especially since it is owned by local capital. 
He gave it the name it now bears. He is an ardent advocate of scien- 
tific farming and it was mainly through his efforts that the town 
established a small farm near the limits, which is under the direc- 
tion of the agricultural department of the State University. Another 
matter that is close to the heart of this editor is the general education 
of the townspeople after they have completed their school life. The 
ease with which people in the smaller towns drift into a rut and lose 
interest in the affairs of the outside world, seldom attempting to 
keep abreast of modern thought in either science, literature, the stage 
or the pulpit, was clearly seen by Mr. Sheets and he did much towards 
bringing good lecturers to the town. He first began the work speak- 
ing from the columns of his paper, but later he took direct charge of 



1290 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

it and has brought many noted men to the town. His business ability 
is undoubted, and he was one of the incorporators of the First Na- 
tional Bank, 'of which he is now one of the directors. 

Mr. Sheets is deeply interested in historical subjects, especially in 
the modern ways in which history is being handled, and in the psy- 
chological and sociological phases of the study. He is a member of 
the American Historical Society, which has headquarters in Washing- 
ton, and also of the Illinois State Historical Association. In a pro- 
fessional way he is a prominent member of the societies to which he 
belongs, the Democratic Editorial Association and the Illinois State 
Press Association. During 1911 he was president of the latter- or- 
ganization, being the youngest man who had ever been elected to 
that office. While he was presiding officer he made the address that 
has been mentioned before, his subject being mainly the Lorimer 
question. The address was a powerful one judging from the ap- 
plause with which it was greeted and the comments which it elicited 
from the reporters. The Tribune says, "President J. M. Sheets, editor 
of the Oblong Oracle, was the man to take the bit between his teeth 
and overturn association precedents at the close of a long, impas- 
sioned plea for purity among the country newspapers, and a stand 
for independence in politics when 'yellow dog' candidates were 
named by party bosses." The sentiment of Mr. Sheets' address may 
be gathered from the following : ' ' Shame on the situation in Illinois 
to-day. Politics is good when wholesome and without taint, but in 
Illinois to-day some men in power are a hindrance to good govern- 
ment, and the sooner the Brownes, the men he has assisted to office, 
and those of his ilk, regardless of party affiliation, are divorced from 
the politics and official family of the commonwealth the sooner will 
our great state make the retribution necessary to resume its position 
in the vanguard of decency, honor, and statehood rank." From this 
extract it should not be difficult to see where Mr. Sheets stands. 
The Tribune in further comment says, "In Illinois we are passing 
through a crucial period, in which the powers of misrule are making 
a desperate stand against exposure and ruin. Whether this fight for 
honest government shall triumph depends chiefly upon the courage 
and conscience, the insight and candor of the so-called country edi- 
tors whose enlightened civic spirit spoke out in the address of the 
president of the Illinois Press Association. It is the still small voice 
of the smaller paper that utters what the still small voice in the con- 
science of the people speaks. And that voice is a voice of thunder." 
No finer tribute could be paid to Mr. Sheets than the above words, and 
we may only hope that he may be spared to continue the good work in 
which he has been so active. 

On the 25th of November, 1896, Mr. Sheets was married to Pearl 
Odell, a daughter of W. J. Odell, who has since died. He was one of 
the leading hotel men of the county, and was well known through- 
out the section. Mr. and Mrs. Sheets have one child, John King Byron 
Sheets, who was born on the 15th of January, 1912, being the fifth 
generation of Johns in the Sheets family. Mr. and Mrs. Sheets are 
members of the Methodist church and in the fraternal world Mr. 
Sheets is a member of the Elks, the Knights of Pythias and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

C. P. BURNETT. A man of unquestioned integrity and ability, pos- 
sessing sound judgment and excellent business tact, the late C. P. 
Burnett, of Eldorado, founder of the widely known mercantile firm 
of C. P. Burnett & Sons, spent the best years of his life in Saline 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1291 

county, and was actively identified with the establishment of many 
of its enterprises of importance and worth. He was born in 1851, in 
Saline county, Illinois. 

Coming from Raleigh to Eldorado in 1871, Mr. Burnett embarked 
in business with his brother-in-law, under the firm name of Burnett 
& Musgrave, and having put in a stock of general merchandise val- 
ued at ten thousand dollars conducted a general store for ten years. 
Selling out his interests in the firm to Mr. Musgrave in 1881, Mr. 
Burnett opened a general store on the opposite side of the street, and 
conducted it so successfully that in 1885 he admitted one of his sons 
to partnership, the firm name becoming C. P. Burnett & Son. Four 
years later another son was taken into the firm, which was then 
changed to C. P. Burnett & Sons. On October 19, 1892, Mr. Burnett 
was called to the life beyond, passing away at a comparatively early 
age, his death being mourned as a public loss. 

The business which Mr. Burnett established and which has since 
been continued under the name of C. P. Burnett & Sons, was incor- 
porated in March, 1903, with a capital of forty thousand dollars, 
which has since been increased to fifty thousand dollars, and is now 
ably conducted by the four sons constituting the firm. This enter- 
prising firm has a well stocked store, containing three departments, 
in which everything pertaining to dry goods may be found, and is 
carrying on a very large and lucrative mercantile business, its sales 
amounting to two hundred thousand dollars each year. In addition 
to its dry goods store, this firm has established a lumber yard, and 
in the sale of lumber, brick and building material does an annual 
business amounting to seventy thousand dollars. The firm likewise 
established a private bank at Eldorado, C. H. Burnett being made 
president and L. E. Burnett, vice-president. The bank has a paid 
up capital of forty thousand dollars, with deposits amounting to 
three hundred thousand dollars, while its loans equal its deposits. 
The firm also owns considerable valuable land in Saline county, in- 
cluding the old Burnett homestead, and several of Eldorado's busi- 
ness buildings. 

Mr. C. P. Burnett married Clementine Musgrave, who survived him 
about nine years. Nine children were born of their union, one of 
whom, E. W. Burnett, the first son to be admitted to the firm, sur- 
vived his father but nine months, dying at the age of twenty-nine 
years. Four sons and four daughters are now living, the sons being 
C. H. Burnett, L. E. Burnett, R. E. Burnett and C. P. Burnett. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Burnett was a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Order of Masons, while living in Raleigh having served as master 
of his lodge, and in Eldorado having been a charter member of the 
local lodge. 

REV. FREDERICK WILLIAM McCLUSKy. Union Academy of Southern 
Illinois, one of the leading educational institutions of this section, 
which is fully accredited with the State University at Champaign- 
Urbana and with the leading colleges of the Central West, is located 
amid picturesque surroundings, on the divide between Anna and 
Jonesboro, and about one-half mile distant from the business center 
of each place. It was founded in 1883, on September 17th of which 
year it was opened with an enrollment of forty-seven pupils. Each 
year has seen new buildings erected, numerous improvements made 
and an increase in attendance, and the latter has been especially 
marked during the last seven years, during which time the Rev. Fred- 
erick William McClusky has acted as senior principal. 



1292 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Rev. McClusky was born at Alder Creek, New York, June 27, 1866, 
and when four years of age was taken to Forestport, where his father 
was engaged as a merchant and lumber dealer until Frederick was 
fifteen years old. He was educated in the graded schools of Forest- 
port, and then attended Holland Patent Academy, Clinton Grammar 
School, School Park College, Missouri, and the Union and Auburn 
Seminaries, graduating from the latter in 1894, at which time he be- 
came principal's assistant at the Evening High School, Brooklyn, 
New York, which had an attendance of from fifteen hundred to eight- 
een hundred students. In the same year Ee became Presbyterian 
minister at Forestport, and from 1895 until 1899 had the charge at 
the Memorial church of that faith in Brooklyn. While still in the 
seminaries, Rev. McClusky was stenographer for the student volun- 
teer movement for foreign missions, as well as precentor of the Sun- 
day-schools of Olivet Chapel, with upwards of one thousand members. 
For nine years he was a member of the Second Battery of the National 
Guard, and during the summers of 1891 and 1892 served as orderly 
and stenographer on the staff of Adjutant General Josiah Porter, at 
Peekskill State Camp. Also, while at Auburn Seminary, Rev. Mc- 
Clusky was baritone of the seminary male quartette. From 1899 until 
1902 Rev. McClusky filled the charge at Whitesboro, New York, and 
for nineteen months was pastor of the Presbyterian church at Union- 
ville, Missouri, at the end of that time coming to Union Academy as 
principal, in which capacity he has served to the present time, a wise 
and unbroken administration of more than seven years. From the 
first the large colleges have recognized the indispensability of prepara- 
tory schools. The earliest efforts 'at realizations were crude and in- 
effective ; but they have paved the way to the marked success of later 
years. It is impossible and unnecessary to trace in detail the advance 
in pedagogical thought ; it has been gradual, never revolutionary, and 
more discernable in the present result than in the stages of its progress. 
It would be invidious and inaccurate to attribute leadership in this 
advance to one school or another, all have contributed to it in a 
greater or less degree ; but no one will take exception to the assertion 
that great credit is due, in the general reckoning, to the wisdom, in- 
sight and persistence of the principal of Union Academy. Rev. Mc- 
Clusky is a man of remarkable mental attainments, and it is rare to 
find a man who has a grasp of more of the facts that constitute human 
knowledge than he. Since coming to Union Academy he has taught 
literature, history and elocution, and it has been the subject of uni- 
versal remark that he is familiar with all the innumerable facts 
throughout the whole realm of his departments. He has, furthermore 
the faculty of apt illustration and is always able to apply the prin- 
ciples under consideration. Rev. McClusky has been blessed by a 
spirit of generous toleration, and although he is. a man of strong con- 
victions, those convictions have never led him to intolerance of the 
opinions of others, nor have his convictions ever led him to personal 
prejudice against those who have held opposing views. Since he 
has been in charge of the fortunes of Union Academy, the attendance 
has nearly tripled and twenty thousand dollars of new buildings have 
been erected. Rev. McClusky is very popular with the students, as 
well as those who have met him ,in a social or business way. 

In 1894 Dr., McClusky was married to Miss Lillian B. Dean, who 
was born at Salem, Ohio, and four children have been born to this 
union, aged as follows: Frederick D., fifteen years; Howard Y., eleven; 
Margaret E., nine ; and William Kenneth, who died at the age of two 
days. Mrs. McClusky moved to Kansas with her parents when she 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1293 

was still in young girlhood and at the age of fourteen years entered 
Park CoUege, Parkville, Missouri, having received her preliminary 
training in the public schools of Clinton, Kansas. In 1888 she re- 
ceived the degree of A. B. from Park College, and then studied music 
under a private teacher, Mrs. Agnes Lockhart Richards. Eventually 
she took a course in Frank Herbert Tubbs' private school, went to 
the musical department of the Pierce City (Miss.) Baptist College for 
less than one year, and the two years following were spent at Fort 
Smith. Arkansas, where she maintained a private vocal studio. She 
has taught music ever since, and has engaged in concert and lecture 
work. While engaged in pursuing her musical studies Mrs. McClusky 
taught for two years at Park College having the classes in history, 
mathematics and Latin, then became superintendent of public schools 
of Parkville for one year, and for some time was a teacher in the 
grammar schools of Eureka Springs. She is a lady of culture and re- 
finement, and has been an admirable assistant to her husband in his 
arduous work. 

THEODORE F. GEROULD, M. D., one of the best known physicians and 
surgeons in Centralia, has brought to the practice of his profession a 
well trained mind of natural ability, a sympathetic heart and warm 
human interest in the lives of others. With such gifts, natural and ac- 
quired, it is no wonder that today he has one of the largest practices 
in the city and the surrounding country. 

Dr. Gerould was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on the 15th of 
September, 1879. His father was H. T. Gerould, who came from an 
eastern family, being born in Massachusetts. The grandfather of Dr. 
Gerould was Lyman Gerould, a native of New Hampshire. Here he 
owned and operated a large woolen mill, but the attraction of the 
great Northwest proved too strong for him, so he came out to Minne- 
sota and settled in Minneapolis. Later he bought some farm land near 
the city, and lived the quiet life of a farmer until he died. His son 
H. T. moved to Cairo, Illinois, in 1874, where he held the position of 
superintendent of the Gas and Electric Light Company. After a 
time he went to Minneapolis, and moved from there to Centralia in 
1893. He died February 2, 1912. In politics he was a Republican, 
and his religious affiliations were with the Episcopal church. 

H. T. Gerould married Sophia Fleming, whose father had migrated 
from his native state of Ohio in his youth and had settled in Cairo, 
Illinois. Here he became cashier of a bank and in time acquired con- 
siderable wealth. Mrs. Gerould was born in Ohio, and Dr. Gerould was 
an only child. 

After the completion of his preparatory work, Dr. Gerould at- 
tended the University of Illinois, at Champaign, and then, having 
deeided to make medicine his profession, he entered Rush Medical 
College at Chicago. After completing two years of the course offered 
at the latter institution he went to the Jefferson College in Philadel- 
phia, where he graduated with the degree of M. D. in 1901. For a 
year he remained in the east, practicing at Wild Wood, New Jersey, 
then he returned to the west and located in. Centralia, in 1902. In 
addition to the large practice that he has built up from that time he 
has considerable surgical work. He is surgeon for the Illinois Central 
Railway Company, for the Marion Coal Company, and for the En- 
velope Factory. He has devoted all of his time to the practice of med- 
icine, and cares little for politics. 

In his religion he is a communicant and regular attendant at 
the Episcopal church. He is a member of the Masonic Lodge and 

Vol. 31 4 



1294 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Chapter in Centralia, and also belongs to the Elks, being past exalted 
ruler in the Elks lodge, No. 493. From 1904 to 1908 he performed the 
duties of coroner. 

THOMAS BELL WILLIAMSON, M. D. One of the foremost Eclectic 
physicians of Jefferson county, Thomas Bell Williamson, M. D., of 
Opdyke, is associated by membership with the Missouri State Eclectic 
Medical Society and with the National Eclectic Association, and in the 
diagnosis and treatment of the various ills to which mankind is heir 
keeps abreast of the times, being familiar with the more modern 
methods now used. A native of Illinois, he was born October 4, 1885, 
near Belle Rive, Jefferson county. 

His father, the late Thomas Williamson, was born in 1833, in 
Kentucky, and there spent his early life. Coming to Illinois in 1860, 
he located in Jefferson county, where he became an extensive land- 
holder, at one time owning a whole section of land. He died while 
in manhood's prime, his death occurring in 1886. He was twice mar- 
ried. He married first Peggy Butler, who died in 1881, leaving two 
children, namely: .William H., deceased; and Mrs. Nancy Ann Lin- 
veil. He married for his second wife Dora A. Phillips, a daughter 
of William Phillips. In 1896 she passed to the life beyond, leaving 
but one child, Thomas Bell, the subject of this personal narrative. 

Left an orphan in boyhood, Thomas Bell Williamson received his 
early education in the common and high schools of McLeansboro, Illi- 
nois, and in 1902 was graduated from Ewing College, in Ewing, Illi- 
nois. Then, at the age of seventeen years, he began the study of 
medicine in Saint Louis, at the American Medical College, where he 
was graduated with the class of 1906, having for a year previous to 
his graduation been connected with the Metropolitan Hospital, the last 
few months of the time being an interne. In June, 1906, Dr. William- 
son began the practice of his profession in Opdyke, Illinois, and has 
here built up an extensive and highly remunerative patronage, his 
skill and ability being recognized and appreciated throughout the com- 
munity. The Doctor has also been successful in accumulating prop- 
erty, now owning two farms, one of eighty acres lying near Opdyke, 
and another of one hundred and sixty acres in Franklin county. He 
likewise owns considerable live stock, and has valuable residential 
property in Opdyke. He is now vice-president of the Opdyke Bank. 

On August 5, 1906, Dr. Williamson married Lillian D. Kern, a 
daughter of Joseph Wesley Kern, formerly of Snowflake, Franklin 
county, but now cashier of the Opdyke Bank, of which he is an ex- 
president. The Doctor and Mrs. Williamson have one child, Lucille 
Frances, born December 13, 1908. 

Fraternally Dr. Williamson is a member and a past master of Jef- 
ferson Lodge, No. 368, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons, -of 
Opdyke; of H. W. Hubbard Chapter, No. 160, Royal Arch Masons, of 
Mount Vernon ; and of Opdyke Camp, No. 6457, Modern Woodmen 
of America. He is also a member and the past and present worthy 
patron of Jefferson Chapter, No. 686, Order of Eastern Star, to which 
Mrs. Williamson also belongs, being worthy matron, and which they were 
both very influential in organizing, it having been instituted March 
16, 1911.' 

AMERICUS GASAWAY. Among the prominent and influential citizens 
of Herrin. Illinois, Americus Gasaway holds prestige as a business man 
whose dealings have all been of a fair and straightforward nature. 
His civic attitude has ever been earnest and sincere and he has done 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1295 

a great deal to advance the general welfare of this community and of 
Williamson county at large. Since March, 1910, Mr. Gasaway has 
devoted his attention to the real-estate and general abstract and title 
business. At the present time, in 1911, he is deputy to Sheriff Duncan 
of the Herrin precinct and he is noted for his stalwart support of 
Republican principles. 

Americus Gasaway is a native son of Williamson county, Illinois, 
his birth having occurred in the vicinity of Alta on the 26th of Novem- 
ber, 1874. He is a son of Mack Gasaway, who was born near the 
line dividing Williamson and Saline counties in 1847. Mack Gasaway 
was a farmer by occupation and he was summoned to the life eternal in 
1881. His forefathers were of Irish descent and the original pro- 
genitor of the name in Illinois came hither from Tennessee. The 
paternal grandfather of him whose name forms the caption of this 
review was a prosperous merchant along the east line of Williamson 
county and his children to grow up besides Mack were: Marshall, 
who served as a gallant soldier in the Union army during the war of 
the Rebellion and who now resides at Galatia, Illinois; Martha be- 
came the wife of John Gasaway and she passed to the great beyond 
in Williamson county in 1899 ; Julia died single ; Anna wedded Sylves- 
ter Phillips and died in this county in 1879; and Elvira is now the 
wife of Hal Mason, of Seattle, Washington. Mack Gasaway married 
Emily Karnes, now a resident of Herrin, and they became the parents 
of four children, as follows, Minnie is the wife of John Gogue, of 
Saline county, Illinois; Olive is Mrs. Thomas Barrett, of Herrin; 
Americus is the immediate subject of this review; and Pearl is now 
single, living at Herrin, Illinois. 

The childhood and youth of Americus Gasaway was passed in Wil- 
liamson and Saline counties, to whose public schools he is indebted for 
his early educational training. When he had reached his twentieth 
year his mother located with her family at Crab Orchard, where he 
became a student in the Crab Orchard Academy, which excellent in- 
stitution he attended for a period of two years. At the age of twenty- 
five years he began to teach school in Williamson county, devoting the 
ensuing five years to pedagogical work. For two years he taught in 
the schools at Corinth and his last term was spent in the Bandyville 
district, just east of Herrin. In 1902 he gave up teaching as a pro- 
fession and entered the employ of the Government as a clerk in the 
Herrin postoffice, under Postmaster Stotlar. Two years later he was 
appointed chief of the office to succeed Mr. Stotlar. He continued 
the popular and efficient incumbent of the position of postmaster for 
the ensuing four years, at the expiration of which he was succeeded 
by Mr. Perrine, who holds the office at the present time. In 1901 he 
was elected a member of the city council of Herrin, representing the 
First ward. 

In 1909 Mr. Gasaway again turned his attention to private mat- 
ters, acting for a time as manager of the Herrin Mercantile Company. 
In March, 1910, however, he decided to launch forth in the business 
world on his own account and at that time he engaged in the real- 
estate and general abstract and title business, the scope of his operations 
being Williamson county. In addition to his other interests he is now 
tending to the duties of deputy sheriff, under sheriff Duncan of the Her- 
rin precinct. Mr. Gasaway is noted for his adherence to Republican 
doctrine and stanch support of Republican candidates for political 
office. In fraternal matters he affiliates with the Masonic order, be- 
ing connected with the Blue Lodge and Chapter, of which latter organ- 
ization he is secretary. He has passed all the official chairs in the 



1296 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

local lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has rep- 
resented the same in the grand lodge of the state. He is also a valued 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks at Herrin. 

On the 28th of July, 1903, Mr. Gasaway married Annie McNiell, a 
daughter of Wallace and Sarah (Crenshaw) McNiell, of Herrin. Mrs. 
Gasaway was the second in order of birth of her parents' five children. 
Mr. and Mrs. Gasaway are the parents of three children, whose names 
are here entered in respective order of birth, Florine, Wilmay and 
Americus, Jr. 

THOMAS B. F. SMITH. Farmer, educator, lawyer, lecturer and pub- 
lic official, Thomas B. F. Smith, of Carbondale, has proven his capacity 
and the worth of his citizenship in many lines of endeavor and been 
successful in them all, winning high credk and material advancenment 
for himself and rendering valuable and appreciated service to the com- 
munities in which he has lived and the ofte in which he now resides. 
He is serving his third term as city attorney of Carbondale. 

Mr. Smith is a Kentuckian by nativity, having been born in Lyon 
county in the Blue Grass state on May 12, 1877. His parents were 
William F. and Sarah (Nickell) Smith. They moved to Illinois in 
1889 and located on a farm in Williamson county. On this farm the 
son grew to manhood and obtained the beginning of his academic edu- 
cation in the country school in the vicinity. He completed its course 
of instruction and supplemented that by diligent and reflective reading 
and study on his own account, and so prepared himself for the profes- 
sion of teaching, in which he engaged for a few years. Then, feeling 
the need of more extensive knowledge and better training for the work, 
he attended the Southern Illinois Normal University, from which he 
was graduated in 1901. 

After receiving his diploma he again taught school for a time, and 
while teaching began the study of law, which he continued in the law 
department of the University of Illinois, being graduated therefrom 
in 1905. He was admitted to the bar in February of that year, and at 
once began the practice of his profession. He had been well prepared 
for the contests of the legal forum by the knowledge of human nature 
he acquired during his five years' experience as a school teacher, two 
of which were passed by him as superintendent of the schools in Jones- 
boro. Union county, as well as the teacher of one, giving him complex 
duties and a wider range of vision. 

In 1897 Mr. Smith moved to Carbondale, and since 1905 has been 
actively engaged in an extensive general practice. The people of Car- 
bondale have shown their appreciation of his worth as a man, high char- 
acter and usefulness as a citizen and ability as a lawyer by electing 
him city attorney three times in succession, and always with strong 
manifestations of general esteem and admiration. He is a zealous Re- 
publican in his political affiliations and one of the influential men of 
his party throughout Southern Illinois. His services to the party are 
always effective, his counsel in its campaigns is always good, and his 
popularity as a leader and campaigner is coextensive with his acquaint- 
ance in this part of the state, where he has long been prominent in all 
political consultations on his side of the great and perpetual line of 
battle. 

In religious allegiance he is a Presbyterian and one of the deacons 
of the congregation in which he holds his membership. Fraternally 
he is a Freemason of the Royal Arch degree ; a member of the Order of 
Elks; a Knight of Pythias with the rank of past chancellor com- 
mander; an Odd Fellow; and a Modern Woodman of America of high 



OF THE 

OF i 



.HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1297 

standing in the order. In it he is clerk of the camp- to which he be- 
longs, and has frequently been its delegate to the meetings of the 
head camp. He is also in frequent demand as a lecturer on the tenets 
and purposes of the order, and is serving as its treasurer in this state, 
having held this office for the past three years. Socially he is con- 
nected with the Twenty-fifth District and the social clubs. In addi- 
tion, he is a member of the Carbondale board of education. 

On the 9th of September, 1903, he married Miss Bessie Johnson, a 
daughter James M. and Sarah A. (Harvey) Johnson, highly respected 
residents of Carbondale, where the marriage was solemnized. Mr. 
Smith is yet a young man, but by industry, thrift and determined per- 
severance he has already achieved a great deal in life. He has made 
his own way, without capital or other resources except his good health, 
resolute spirit and fine natural endowments; and the progress he has 
so far enjoyed and wrought out by his own efforts is an earnest of what 
he will yet accomplish in higher lines of usefulness if his life and health 
are spared. He has gained an advanced stepping-stone to a loftier 
range of duties and more extended usefulness, and he is of the caliber 
that never hesitates to take a step forward. The people of Jackson 
county regard him as one of their most serviceable citizens at present 
and one of their men of greatest promise for the future. 

FANNY POSEY HACKEE. As superintendent of public instruction of 
Alexander county Mrs. Fanny Posey Hacker has proved herself one 
of the intellectual, alert and strenuous women of Southern Illinois, and 
during the third of a century or more which she has passed in Cairo 
her life has been both domestic and literary, domestic in the rearing 
and training of her family, and literary in its relation to the sphere of 
public education, to the promotion of club work for women, and 
semi-political in her advocacy of universal suffrage and in her incum- 
bency of an important public office. Mrs. Hacker was born in 1855, 
in Henderson county, Kentucky, and the blood of the scions of patriotic 
Americans courses her veins. The name of Posey has been stamped 
indelibly upon the communities along the Ohio Valley, where her illu- 
strious ancestor, General Thomas Posey, did his work as a statesman, 
soldier and citizen. This Revolutionary patriot was a factor in the 
winning of American independence as a general officer in Washington's 
army, and was a native son of Virginia. The family lived in Rich- 
mond, and some years after the war he identified himself with Louis- 
iana, being elected the first of that commonwealth's United States 
senators. Subsequently he came up the Father of Waters and located 
in Indiana and became, in time, governor of that state, and one of the 
richest agricultural counties of Indiana is named Posey in his honor. 
From there he crossed the river into Kentucky and entered politics, 
following his natural bent, and was elected lieutenant-governor of that 
state. He purchased a large tract of land in Henderson county, 
established his family upon it, and there the remainder of his life was 
spent. 

Major Fayette Posey, one of the general's sons and the grand- 
father of Mrs. Hacker, was born in Virginia, was a man with some of 
his father's military instincts and habits, served as a major of United 
States troops during, the war of 1812, and engaged successfully in 
farming with slave labor during his active life. His son, Fayette 
Washington Posey, the father of Mrs. Hacker, was born in Henderson 
county, Kentucky, reared amid luxuriant environment and lived the 
life of a gentleman before the Civil war. His sympathy ran with the 
institution of slavery, and he was properly classed as a confederate, 



1298 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS - 

but he was without the military ambition necessary for activity in the 
field and he took no part under the "Stars and Bars." His wife was 
diametrically opposed in her attitude upon the issues of the war, and 
would have shouldered a gun in defense of the Union without much 
encouragement from others. Both she and her husband died at the 
age of sixty -two years. Her father, Colonel John Sublette, of French 
lineage, was an officer during the Mexican war. 

Mrs. Hacker was the first child in a family of twelve, and her 
childhood was passed amid the pastoral and agricultural surroundings 
of an extensive plantation. She was fond of nature and communed 
with all its forms, learned its varied language and studied in the home 
under Northern teachers of culture, refinement and education. Her 
whole being called for life in the open air, where she could hear the 
music of the winds, mingle with the labor of the field, mount a horse 
and enjoy the exhilaration of a daylight ride, or where, she could climb 
the tall trees and swing out upon their swaying boughs and laugh at 
the dangers she encountered. During her girlhood she became a stu- 
dent in a preparatory school at Evansville, Indiana, conducted by 
Professor Gow, and graduated from the Henderson high school at the 
age of fifteen years, subsequently taking a post-graduate course. She 
grew to be a student and to acquire a fondness for imparting knowl- 
edge, and when the war made free men of the Negro race, the educa- 
tion of those upon her father's plantation opened a field for the 
exercise of her talents. "While she did not engage formally in the 
work as a licensed teacher, she lost no opportunity in dropping the 
elementary principles of an education into the mind of every seeker of 
school advantages, and capped her career in the proper rearing of her 
own family of six children. 

Mrs. Hacker's election as county superintendent, in November, 
1910, as a Democrat, was a surprise to her, as it came from the votes 
of hundreds of Republicans whose votes controlled the politics of the 
county. Nevertheless, her success brought her into the very position, 
for which her life work had fitted her, and the office has given her an 
opportunity of demonstrating the practicability of a few commendable 
theories, and of making some changes in the conduct of the county 
schools which have improved their morals. She is reaching school 
boards and patrons weekly with newspaper articles upon vital matters 
pertaining to their duties. She is raising the standard of teachers, 
and is separating the colors and urging the independence of each of 
the other in their social sphere, so that when her term closes it will 
have marked an epoch in the common school history of Alexander 
county. 

On March 19, 1877, Fanny Posey was married in Chicago, Illinois, 
to John S. Hacker, and came at once to Cairo. Captain Hacker has 
spent his life on the river and for many years has been master of the 
Tri-State Ferry here. To their home have come: Loulu, who be- 
came the wife of A. W. Danforth and spent the first years of her mar- 
ried life in China, where her husband was mechanical expert with the 
firm of Li Hung Chang, the noted oriental statesman, and who sub- 
sequently engaged in commercial pursuits in China and took an active 
part in church work, but who is now a business man of Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts; Miss Daisy, Mrs. Hannah, Gentry Nicholas, Miss Alice and 
Miss Amanda Dimple, the latter a teacher in one of the county schools. 
These daughters are all busy with some department of activity, busi- 
ness or domestic, and the son is one of the bookkeepers of the First 
Bank and Trust Company of Cairo. 

Her interest in the work of women in Illinois has ever been near 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1299 

the heart of Mrs. Hacker, and her connection with the movement for 
women's clubs has covered a period of many years. She is always a 
delegate to the state meetings of the society and has frequently rep- 
resented Illinois as a delegate to the national association. She is a 
sworn suffragist, and it has been asserted that she would wear the 
senatorial toga from Illinois in Washington with dignity and ability 
with the advent of universal suffrage in this state. In her religious 
conviction Mrs. Hacker is an Episcopalian. 

WILLARD W. ADAMS. Among the prominent representatives of old 
pioneer families of Southern Illinois today one of the best known and 
most influential is Mr. Willard W. Adams, whose ancestors were old 
South Carolinians who early migrated to this section of the country. 
Mr. Adams' grandfather, Gus Adams, came from South Carolina in 
an early day, located in Franklin county, where he purchased land, 
and remained here until his death. His son, Joseph Adams, was born 
in South Carolina in 1839 and came with the family to Illinois, where 
he married Eliza Murphy, a native daughter of Franklin county, and 
in this location they spent their long and useful lives. Mr. Adams 
operated a mill in Franklin county and was one of the most widely 
acquainted and highly esteemed men of the community. He was un- 
fortunate in a business way in having his milling plant burn down 
twice, the fires being of supposed incendiary origin, but in spite of 
this he was most successful in the conduct of his affairs and was able 
to accumulate a considerable competence during his life. The ill will 
which engendered these destructive acts against him were doubtless 
inspired by Mr. Adams' fearless expression of sympathy for the Union 
cause during the War of the Rebellion. In that great conflict he did his 
duty at the front in a four years' campaign, he having been a captain 
in Company F, Fifteenth Illinois Cavalry. His demise, regretted by 
all, occurred in 1872. His wife survived him many years, her death 
having taken place on April 10, 1908. She was a consistent member 
of the Baptist church and a woman of many fine qualities, who was 
loved and revered by all who knew her. The Murphy family was a 
prominent one, and her father was one of the first settlers of Franklin 
county. 

Of such sturdy and courageous ancestry was born Willard W. 
Adams on December 25, 1869, the place of his nativity being Mulkey- 
town, Franklin county. Until he was fourteen years of age he at- 
tended the common schools of that community and at that early age 
took up the burden of self support. His first work was at shoe shin- 
ing or boot blacking, was then a delivery boy in a grocery store at 
Benton. but he soon rose to a clerkship and was so engaged for several 
years, for a time in the Hubbard Grocery Store and later in the gen- 
eral store of J. G. Mitchell and Company. 

Mr. Adams' ambitions looked beyond that of merely working for 
someone else for a salary and in 1893 he went into business for him- 
self, beginning with a small stock of second-hand clothing and fur- 
nishing goods and adding to his capacity as his trade grew until now 
he carries an exceedingly large assortment of clothing and does an 
immense business in that line of trade. He has at all times managed 
his financial affairs with great sagacity, invested his surplus resources 
with clear sighted judgment and has succeeded in amassing a consider- 
able fortune, his property holdings being at the present time very ex- 
tensive and including 1,400 acres of coal land and numerous valuable 
town properties. In a mercantile way he holds the distinction of hav- 



1300 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

ing conducted business under the same firm name longer than any 
other company in town. 

In 1895 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Adams and Miss Kate 
Chenault, daughter of John T. Chenault, the well known president of 
the First National Bank of Benton. Mr. and Mrs. Adams are the 
proud parents of two children, Charles C. and Jane. They are mem- 
bers of the First Baptist church and take an active part in the activi- 
ties of that organization. 

Mr. Adams holds membership in the Masonic fraternity, a Knight 
Templar, a Shriner, and a Thirty-second Mason, belongs to the Con- 
sistory and is a past master of Benton Lodge, No. 64. Politically he 
is in sympathy with the Republican party principles, taking a leading 
part in its affairs, and he once served in the capacity of treasurer of 
the Republican county central committee and was elected mayor of 
Benton in 1902. He is a man of comprehensive talents, progressive 
impulses and large inherent powers for executive affairs and is one 
whose influence is constantly being felt in matters pertaining to the 
social, civic and commercial welfare of the community which claims 
him as one of its most valued citizens. 

Since the compilation of the above Mr. Adams moved his family to 
Boulder, Colorado, in September, 1911, and expects to make Colorado 
his future home. 

HENRY L. BURNETT, M. D. Among the men of Saline county, Illi- 
nois, who by their industry have made their own way to local prom- 
inence, mention must be made of Henry L. Burnett, M. D., the well 
known capitalist of Raleigh. If history teaches by example, the lessons 
inculcated by biography must be still more impressive. We see exhibited 
in the varieties of human character, under different circumstances, 
something to instruct us and encourage all our efforts in every emer- 
gency in life. There is no concurrence of events which produces this 
effect more certainly than the steps by which success has been ac- 
'quired through the unaided efforts of youthful enterprise, as illustrated 
in the life of Dr. Burnett. 

Dr. Burnett comes from good old pioneer stock, and was born 
near Raleigh, Illinois, September 22, 1848, a son of Hiram and Emily 
(Bramlett) Burnett. Hiram Burnett was born in Spottsylvania 
county, Virginia, and went thence to Kentucky and later to Illinois, 
in 1818. His father was a blacksmith by trade and a country post- 
master between Eldorado and Raleigh, this village being started at the 
time Saline county was formed by dividing it from Gallatin county. 
As a youth Hiram Burnett learned the trade of blacksmith with his 
father, and during the Black Hawk war served in the American army. 
When Saline county was formed he became the first clerk of the 
county court, and served in that office for close to twenty years, or 
until the county seat was moved to Harrisburg. He then engaged in 
farming on a Black Hawk war grant and also was a school teacher for 
some years, as he had been in early life, and later became a justice of 
the peace, all of these offices coming to him as tokens of the respect and 
esteem in which he was held by his fellow men and the confidence they 
had in his fairmindedness and ability. For a number of years he was 
known as a Hard Shell Baptist, but when he became a member of 
Raleigh Lodge, No. 128, A. F. & A. M., some of his beliefs became less 
radical. His son, Dr. Burnett, is now the possessor of an autographed 
letter from Robert G. Ingersoll, written upon receipt from Hiram Bur- 
nett, of the application for membership to Raleigh Masonic Lodge of 
his brother Eben, over whom his famous eulogy was pronounced, and 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1301 

which was signed by Dr. Burnett's father. Eben practiced law at 
Raleigh prior to his removal to Peoria. Hiram Burnett continued to 
farm until his death, in his eighty-second year, and the log house which 
was his home is still standing on the land. His first wife, Sarah Mor- 
ris, bore him three children who grew to maturity: William W., cap- 
tain of Company E, Twenty-ninth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry, who was killed while leading his company at the battle of 
Shiloh; Richard M., who served through the Civil war in the same 
company with his brother, and died at the age of forty-eight years, be- 
came captain of the same company, although he did not immediately 
succeed his brother; and Charles. P., who was a merchant of the city of 
Eldorado, where he built up the largest business in the county, now 
being conducted by his four sons. Mr. Burnett was married (second) 
to Emily Bramlett, whom he survived for twenty years, and they had a 
family of six children to reach maturity : Lucinda ; Catherine ; Henry 
L. ; Hiram A., who was a merchant of Raleigh, but for the past twenty 
years has been a resident of Kansas, and is now president of the First 
National Bank of Dodge City; Mary A., deceased, who married the 
late Dr. J. W. Ross; and Eliza, who married W. W. Alexander, of 
Covington, Kentucky. 

Henry L. Burnett began teaching school when he was twenty-one 
years of age, and continued to engage in that profession until he was 
twenty-four, at which time he began reading medicine with Dr. J. C. 
Mathews, who is now deceased. He entered the old Missouri Medical 
College, at St. Louis, and after graduation therefrom entered into 
practice, but finding that it did not agree with his health he gave it up 
and began to sell goods, this occupying his attention for twenty years. 
He finally sold a half-interest in his store, but has retained the rest. 
While engaged in the mercantile business he began to accommodate those 
who needed financial assistance, and he has found this so profitable that 
he has given the greater part of his time to it for upwards of twenty 
years, but has abandoned his practice entirely. Doctor Burnett is the 
owner of several farms, to which he often pays a visit when he feels the 
need of relaxation from business cares, and has always declared that 
he was proud he had been born on a farm. He has kept out of politics, 
preferring to give his time and attention to his business interests. 
Until 1896 he was affiliated with the Democratic party, but since then 
has been classed as a Republican although he is really independent 
in his principles and gives his support to the candidate rather than 
the party. Since 1887 he has been connected with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, being past worshipful master and taking an active part in the 
work of the Blue Lodge. 

On July 29, 1877, Dr. Burnett was married to Miss Prudence Cor- 
win, daughter of Dr. J. M. Crowin, who came from Indiana and was 
engaged in practice in Raleigh for ten years. Two sons have been born 
to Dr. and Mrs. Burnett, namely: Rex C., who is associated in busi- 
ness with his father; and Henry L., Jr., who now attends the home 
schools. Dr. Burnett is possessed of the qualities of industry, honesty 
and integrity, attributes essential to an upright and successful busi- 
ness life, and as a sociable and genial man is one of the most popular 
citizens in Raleigh. 

CHARLES C. DAVIS. A city or country owes much to her profes- 
sional men, merchants and farmers, for to them is due the steady cir- 
culation of money and trade, without which a place would stagnate, 
but when a town has grown to any size then it needs some one who can 
step in and turn this money to the best advantage, so that it will be 



1802 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

used to advance the corporate growth of the community, in other 
words, a capitalist. Such a man is Charles C. Davis. He started as a 
poor boy with no prospects whatever; the early years of his career 
offered nothing but deadly monotony, with no apparent hope for the 
future, but, never allowing himself to become discouraged, believing 
always that one could get almost anything if one worked for it hard 
enough, he was ready to seize the opportunity when it offered. His 
chance when it came seemed so small that men lacking his adventurous 
spirit and confidence in fate would have refused to consider it. Not 
so he, and the result is that he is one of the successful men of Marion 
county, and has had a hand in practically every large enterprise that 
has been launched in Centralia for years. 

Charles C. Davis was born on the 2nd of April, 1855, the son of 
Thomas P. Davis. His father was a native of Virginia, and left the 
Old Dominion as a mere boy, coming to Illinois with his parents. They 
settled in "White county, near Grayville, and when the lad grew to 
manhood he adopted the carpentry trade, and as a carpenter and con- 
tractor he soon became well known throughout the county. When 
Centralia began to grow he moved to what was then a village and built 
some of the earliest homes in the now thriving city. When the war 
broke out in 1860 he willingly offered his services and for three years 
served in Company H of the Eightieth Illinois Regiment. His politics 
were Republican, but he was content to cast his vote at election time 
and let others fill the offices. Both he and his wife were staunch mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. He married in Belleville, 
Illinois, Wilhelmina Beal, the daughter of Jacob Beal. The latter was 
born in Germany, and immigrated to America in 1844, settling in 
Pennsylvania. He later moved to St. Clair county, where he took up 
farming and gardening. During the later years of his life he moved 
to Centralia, where he died. The father of Thomas P. Davis was 
James Davis, who was born in Virginia, and moved to Illinois while 
Thomas was quite young. He was a farmer and continued to operate 
his farm to the day of his death. Thomas P. Davis and his wife had 
ten children, eight sons and two daughters, of whom Charles was the 
first born, and of these six sons and one daughter survive. 

Charles C. Davis obtained all his knowledge of books from the public 
schools. His first job was as a brakeman, and by the time he was 
twenty he had climbed the rounds of the ladder until he had reached 
the position of conductor. For twenty-one years he followed railroad- 
ing, and apparently he was never going to do anything else, but some- 
how the idea came into his head that there was coal around Centralia, 
and although he knew nothing about coal mining he determined to 
have a try for it. Giving up his position, he took his small savings 
and came to .Centralia, where in company with Mr. G. L. Pittinger, 
who had persuaded him to go into the venture with him, sunk a shaft. 
They struck coal. This was the beginning of their fortune. After 
this start the rest came easily, for his mind was peculiarly adapted to 
the work of a financier, and he seemed to know almost intuitively in 
what direction the real estate market was going to move. After the 
lucky strike they sunk another shaft and bought others until they 
owned the whole coal field around Centralia, then when the value of the 
property had enormously increased they sold out, and the mines are 
now owned and operated by the Centralia Coal Company. Mr. Davis 
is connected with almost every leading financial enterprise in Cen- 
tralia. He is president of the Pittinger Davis Mercantile Company, 
which is a store of great importance to the commercial life of Cen- 
tralia. He is a director and heavy stockholder in the Old National 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1303 

Bank, and for many years he has been a director of the Building and 
Loan Company. Much of his property consists of real estate, but he 
always has money to invest in any enterprise that meets with his ap- 
proval, and much of his income is derived from loans. He is known 
as a friend to the poor and many of his small loans have been made 
without interest, for, coming himself from the ranks of those who labor 
with their hands, he realizes the value of a helping hand. The most 
successful deals which were carried out by Mr. Pittinger and the sub- 
ject and which seem to have been made with an intuitive sense of the 
future were in reality the result of hours of thinking and planning. 
Mr. Davis' long experience in railroading had given him a keen judg- 
ment of men, and from a long study of conditions he is usually able 
to prophesy how this or that affair is going to turn out. 

On May 2, 1877, he married Ella Kell, the daughter of Matthew 
Kell, who was a prominent business man of Centralia up to the time 
of his death. Dr. Davis is deeply interested and very active in the 
Masonic order, believing firmly in the principles of this great institu- 
tion and he is a past master, past high priest and past eminent com- 
mander. He is also a Consistory Mason and a Shriner, and has taken 
the thirty-third degree. At present he is grand high priest of the 
state of Illinois. He is a member of the Elks, having been one of the 
charter members of the Centralia Lodge. 

HARRY 0. PHILP, M. D. Among Franklin county's able and emi- 
nent physicians Dr. Harry 0. Philp is entitled to representation as 
one of the deservedly prominent, possessing a large country practice 
and enjoying the confidence of both laity and profession. Beloved as 
the kindly friend and doctor of hundreds of families in this part of 
the state, it might well have been such as he who inspired the famous 
couplet of Pope, 

' ' A wise physician, skill 'd our wounds to heal, 
Is more than armies to the public weal." 

Dr. Philip was born in Jefferson county, Illinois, October 1, 1869, 
the son of James W. and Augusta (Kinne) Philp. The father was a 
native of Illinois, and his parents were among the earliest settlers of 
Jefferson county, their arrival on the Illinois plains having occurred 
when the Redman still looked upon them as his own hunting ground, 
his trail being clearly marked across them. The mother, who was a 
Hoosier by birth, was reared on a farm in Jefferson county, Illinois, 
whence she came as a little girl. James Philp was a farmer and 
school teacher and was a Union soldier in the Civil war, being cap- 
tured and incarcerated in Andersonville prison. He was a member of 
Company I of an Illinois regiment. The founder of the family of Philp 
in this country was the subject's grandfather, Thomas Philp, who was 
born in England and came to this country when a young man, locating 
in Illinois and taking an active part in the many-sided life of the new 
community. He was noted as a musician in his day and locality and 
furnished tunefulness for many interesting occasions. He could be 
practical also and made all the shoes for the neighborhood. The 
maternal grandfather of him whose name inaugurates this review was 
a native of Indiana, in which state he lived and died. Thus the sub- 
ject's forebears on both sides of the house have been personally con- 
cerned with the growth and development of the middle west. 

Doctor Philp received his education in the public schools of Jef- 
ferson county and worked on a farm until he attained to the age of 



1304 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

twenty-one years. In the meantime he arrived at a decision to enter 
the medical profession and accordingly matriculated in the Missouri 
Medical College at St. Louis, from which he was graduated in 1893. 
Soon after receiving his degree he located in Ewing and he has con- 
tinued in active practice ever since that time. His practice, which is 
large, takes him over a wide rural territory. He has been very suc- 
cessful, financially and professionally, and he owns considerable prop- 
erty, having an excellent farm and other material interests. 

Dr. Philp was happily married in 1894 to Daisy Neal, daughter 
of Thor Neal, an extensive farmer and stock dealer. He resided in 
Franklin county for a number of years, but now makes his home in 
Missouri. They have one child, a son named James, who is a pupil 
m the public schools. Dr. and Mrs. Philp belong to the Methodist 
Episcopal church, taking an active interest in its good works. He is 
a member of Ewing lodge, No. 705, of the Masons, and is identified 
with the Southern Illinois and Franklin County Medical Societies, He 
is Republican in politics and is inclined to the cause of Prohibition, 
in whose beneficial influence upon a community he has great faith. 

WILLIAM H. GILLIAM. One of the prominent figures in the journal- 
istic field of Southern Illinois, and a man who has been identified with 
educational movements here for many years, is William H. Gilliam, 
editor of the Vienna Weekly Times. Mr. Gilliam, who has the best 
interests of the community at heart, is editing a clean, wholesome 
sheet which wields a great deal of influence among the people of this 
part of the country and may always be counted upon to support all 
movements of a progressive nature. William H. Gilliam, who is serv- 
ing in the capacity of postmaster of Vienna, was born December 1, 
1856, in Weakley county, Tennessee, and is a son of Thomas H. 
Gilliam. 

Thomas H. Gilliam was born in Dinwiddie county, Virginia, and 
was there married to Sarah E. Hill, daughter of Thomas Hill, a Vir- 
ginian by birth. After his marriage Mr. Gilliam went to Gibson county, 
Tennessee, thence to Henry county, and eventually to Weakley county, 
in the same state. Later he removed to Galloway county, Kentucky, 
but in 1862 disposed of his interests there and came to Johnson county, 
Illinois, buying a fine farm in Burnside township, on which the village 
of Ozark is now located, and there he died November 18, 1892, aged 
sixty-two years, his wife having passed away in 1889. Six children had 
been born to them, namely : Joseph, William II., Alice, Charles, Robert 
and Mary of whom Robert, William H. and Mary survive. 

William II. Gilliam was six years of age when the family came to 
Illinois and after completing his studies in the public schools he 
entered Ewing College. When nineteen years old he commenced 
teaching during the winters and working on the farm during the 
summer months and then became clerk in the postoffice at New Burn- 
side, subsequently filling a clerical position in the circuit clerk's of- 
fice at Vienna. In 1882 he was appointed deputy sheriff of Johnson 
county, serving in that capacity and in the circuit clerk's office 
until 1885, and in that year purchased a half interest in the Weekly 
Times, with G. W. Ballance as partner. In October, 1886, he became 
sole proprietor of this newspaper, which has become one of the leading 
news sheets of this part of the state. Mr. Gilliam has always tried 
to give his subscribers the best and latest news of both a national and 
local nature, and the rapid growth of this periodical shows that his 
labors in the field of journalism have not been in vain and that the 
people have not failed to appreciate his efforts in their behalf. In 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1305 

connection with his plant he conducts a job printing office, where 
only the best class of work is done, and he has built up quite a large 
trade in this line. Mr. Gilliam has been prominent also in the educa- 
tional field. From 1893 to 1898 he was clerk of the board of education, 
serving as such at the time the new high school was erected. In 1897 
he was appointed postmaster at Vienna, and his work in this capacity 
has been so successful that he is now serving his fourth term. He is 
an efficient and courteous official and has discharged the duties of his 
office with so much ability and conscientiousness that his service in his 
important position has been an eminently satisfactory one. Frater- 
nally Mr. Gilliam is connected with Vesta Lodge, No. 340, I. 0. 0. F., 
and Vienna Encampment, No. 53 ; Romeo Lodge, No. 651, Knights of 
Pythias ; and is popular in all. His wife is a member of the D. of R., 
Vienna Lodge, No. 187. Politically he adheres to the principles of 
the Republican party. 

In June, 1890, Mr. Gilliam was married to Miss Dimple Perkins, a 
native of Howard county, Missouri, and daughter of Henry Stewart 
Perkins, deceased. Three children have been born to this union: 
Frank, born in 1891 ; Lois, born in 1894 ; and Marian, who died in 
May, 1908, aged twelve years. Mr. and Mrs. Gilliam are faithful 
church members, he of the Baptist and she of the Methodist. 

IRA BEATTE was born in St. Francois county, Missouri, on Septem- 
ber 8, 1881. He is the son of Henry Beatte and Vercella (Wyams) 
Beatte, the latter of Jefferson county, Missouri, and is the eldest of the 
five children of his parents. Henry Beatte was born in Washington 
county, Missouri, about 1852. For a time he followed farming and 
later embarked in the mercantile business in Danby, Missouri, where 
the family still conducts the store. The father of Ira Beatte died in 
1910. He was a Democrat, was affiliated with a number of fraternal 
orders and was a member of the Baptist church. The mother is still 
living. 

The early life of Ira Beatte was spent in the counties of St. Fran- 
cois and Jefferson, and he was educated in the public schools. He 
started in the blacksmith business at an early age at Kinsey, Missouri, 
and in 1906 he came to Monroe county, where in Maeystown he opened 
a blacksmith and wagon shop. He remained there for two years, com- 
ing to Valmeyer about two years ago, and establishing a similar 
business. He has prospered most agreeably, and now has a thoroughly 
modern shop, equipped with gas engine, trip hammers, and other 
modern power apparatus. Mr. Beatte is a member of the Evangelical 
Lutheran church and of the National Protective Legion. 

On Christmas day, 1903, he married Lorena Busking, of Monroe 
county, and they are the parents of two children : Freeman and Archie. 

VIRGINIUS W. SMITH. The man who buys land today in Gallatin 
county has no idea of the obstacles which confronted the ones who 
began developing this property. Now fertile fields yield banner crops, 
the ground once covered with mighty forest trees smiles beneath culti- 
vation, and where worthless swamps gathered green slime and sent 
forth pestilential fevers, the rich soil eagerly responds to the modern 
methods of the farmer. All this was not attained without endless 
hard work through all seasons. When summer crops did not require 
effort the fences had to be repaired, there were new buildings to be 
erected, and other improvements to be inaugurated. No man who 
has brought out success from his years of endeavor ever attained it 
unless he was ready and willing to make any kind of sacrifice of in- 



1306 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

clination or strength to bring it about, and one who has through his ef- 
forts in this way become more than ordinarily prosperous and has 
developed some of the best land of Gallatin county is Virginius W. 
Smith, of Ridgway, Illinois, who is widely known and highly re- 
spected. Mr. Smith was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, March 20, 1842, and 
was brought to Illinois by his parents Joseph and Eliza Jane (Akins) 
Smith. 

Joseph Smith was a farmer by occupation, and on first settling in 
Illinois located at Equality, where he had friends. Subsequently he 
rented the Crenshaw farm, three miles south of Ridgeway, but during 
the fall of 1849 came to the present farm of Virginius W. Smith, lo- 
cated one mile east of Ridgway, where he purchased eighty acres of 
land, for about $500. Fifteen acres of this land were cleared, and a 
small log cabin had been erected thereon, and here Mr. Joseph Smith 
started to develop a farm, it being very conveniently located, as it 
was but a two or three-hour journey to Equality, about eight miles, 
and three or four hours to New Haven, which was ten miles away, 
although the land at that time was all a wilderness and there had not 
yet been a settlement made at Ridgway. Joseph Smith started a 
store at New Market, one-half mile south of his home, but later all 
the business there was removed to Ridgway. He continued to operate 
his farm, putting a great deal of it under cultivation, and served for 
some years as justice of the peace, to which office he had been elected 
as a Democrat. His death occurred in May, 1863, when not much past 
fifty-five years, his widow surviving until 1895 and being seventy- 
three years old at the time of her death. They had the following chil- 
dren : Virginius "W. ; Dennis, a soldier, a member of the One Hundred 
and Thirty-first Illinois Regiment, who died at Vicksburg, Mississippi, 
in 1863; Margaret, who died as a young married woman; John P., a 
farmer, who died in 1911, at the age of fifty-five years ; Catherine, who 
married John Hammersley and died at the age of thirty years ; Christ- 
opher, a farmer near Eldorado, Illinois; and Lucinda, who married 
Thomas Riley and died when about forty years of age. 

Virginius W. Smith received his education in the public schools of 
the vicinity of the home farm, and remained with his parents until 
the outbreak of the Civil war. In August, 1861, he enlisted in Com- 
pany D, Twenty-ninth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, a com- 
pany recruited about New Haven Captain Whiting, and with this 
organization he served until securing his honorable discharge, Novem- 
ber 20, 1864. This regiment saw some of the hardest fighting of the 
war, and among its battles may be mentioned Belmont, Missouri; 
Columbus, Kentucky; Paducah and Ports Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, 
Corinth, Jackson, second Corinth, Holly Springs and Coldwater. The 
regiment was captured at Holly Springs but his company, with an- 
other, was sent back on detail to Jackson Tennessee. In April, 1863, 
the regiment was sent to Vicksburg to man the gunboat "Tyler," as 
sharpshooters, on the Mississippi and Yazoo rivers, and this boat was 
constantly in the severest part of each action. At the battle of Vicks- 
burg the vessel was sent to the Arkansas side to ward off the Con- 
federate Generals Marmaduke and Price, and after this engagement 
Mr. Smith and his companions rejoined their regiment, which in the 
meantime had been exchanged. They were on guard at Vicksbiirg 
and on the Black river until Sherman's Atlanta campaign, as far as 
Jackson, but eventually were sent back to Vicksburg, and Mr. Smith 
then became a member of a scouting party which went to Natchez, 
and at that point he received his honorable discharge. He had been 
twice wounded, in the left side and right leg, and the effects of these 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1307 

injuries did not entirely pass away for a long period. On liis return 
to Illinois he again took up farming, and for five years rented a prop- 
erty, then purchased forty acres, which he sold after developing, and 
eventually purchased one hundred and twenty acres, to which from time 
to time he added until he now has a magnificent tract of three 
hundred and forty acres, including the old family homestead. For 
some of this land he paid only ten dollars per acre, and when he 
bought the homestead it cost him only forty-three dollars per acre, 
this land now being all worth upwards of one hundred dollars per acre. 
His large, comfortable home is situated on a hill one mile east of 
Ridgely, and his other buildings are well built and modern in equip- 
ment. Mr. Smith raises wheat and corn, and gives a good deal of at- 
tention to the raising of pure-bred stock. He was one of the original 
stockholders of the First National Bank of Ridgway, but outside of 
this has given most of his time and attention to his farm. He has done 
more than one thousand dollars worth of tiling, and his land is per- 
fectly drained and ditched, although at first much of it was swampy 
and unproductive. Modern methods, however, have done much for 
this property, and it is nearly all now black soil. Mr. Smith is a Re- 
publican in politics, cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln in 1864, 
and for ten years has served as supervisor of his township. He is a 
popular comrade of Loomis Post, Grand Army of the Republic. On 
the breaking out of the Spanish-American war in 1898, a regiment 
was organized and Virginius W. Smith was appointed captain, await- 
ing the call of his country, but the service was not required, there being 
no more calls necessary for troops. 

In 1875 Mr. Smith was united in marriage with Miss Sarah Mc- 
Dermott, who died less than two years later, leaving one child : Joseph, 
who is now engaged in cultivating a part of the home farm. In 1900 
he was married to Orvilla Shain, a native of Gallatin county, and three 
children have been born to them : Susie, Eliza and Virginius, Jr. Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith have numerous friends in this part of Gallatin county. 
He is remembered as a brave and faithful soldier during the war, and 
he has discharged his duties just as faithfully as a private citizen. 
His success has been the result of his own efforts and his career is 
typical of the successful American agriculturist. 

ANDREW JACKSON WEBBER. Among the prominent and highly 
esteemed citizens whom Saline county has been called upon to mourn 
within the past few months none will be more greatly missed than 
Andrew Jackson Webber, one of the leading men of Galatia, who was 
familiarly known among his acquaintances and associates as "Jack" 
Webber. A native of Southern Illinois, he was born September 11, 
1845, on a farm lying two miles southeast of Galatia, a son of the late 
Henry Webber. 

His paternal grandfather, who was also the grandfather of his 
widow, Mrs. Annie J. (Webber) Webber, was John M. Webber, the 
immigrant ancestor of the Webber family of America, the name hav- 
ing been spelled in the old country "Weber." John M. Webber was 
born in Holland, on the banks of the Rhine, November 10, 1794. When 
twelve years old he came with his mother to the United States, and 
for several years lived in Philadelphia, where he was educated. Go- 
ing to Tennessee in 1823, he lived in Rutherford county until 1830, 
when, with his family, he came to Saline county, Illinois, and purchased 
land near Galatia where he improved the fine estate now known as 
the Webber homestead. He was there prosperously employed in till- 
ing the soil until his death, in 1867. He married, in Philadelphia, 



1308 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Elizabeth McQueen, who was born in Virginia, in 1793 and died on 
the home farm in 1869, having survived him but two years. 

Henry Webber was a small lad when he came from Tennessee to 
Saline county. He grew to manhood on the homestead, as a boy and 
youth becoming familiar with all branches of agriculture. He was a 
man of great energy and enterprise, and in 1855 erected the first steam 
mill in Saline county. The following year he located in Galatia, and 
here erected the first steam mill in this section of the county. lie had 
previously operated a threshing machine while living on the home 
farm, and for several years after settling in Galatia he was engaged 
in milling. Finally making a change of occupation, he disposed of 
his mill and, in company with his son "Jack," opened a general store 
under the firm name of H. Webber & Son, and in addition to selling 
general merchandise handled tobacco on an extensive scale, selling 
about a million pounds annually. In 1888 he disposed of his store, 
which had become the largest mercantile establishment in the county, 
although he retained ownership of a second mill which he had erected, 
placing his son "Jack" in charge of that plant, which is still owned by 
the Webber estate. After selling his store, Henry Webber established 
the Bank of Galatia, which was owned by the old firm of H. Webber 
& Son, and placed the son in charge of the institution, while he, him- 
self, devoted his time and attention to the care of the home farm, liv- 
ing on the place until his death, April 18, 1899, at the age of seventy- 
six years, five months and four days, his birth having occurred in 
Philadelphia, September 14, 1822. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Mary Jane Rhine, died in Hot Springs, Arkansas, where she had gone 
for her health, April 20, 1884. 

Succeeding to the ownership of the old homestead the mill and the 
bank established by himself and his father, Andrew Jackson Webber 
became very active in the commercial world, and was identified with 
various enterprises connected with the development of the resources 
of Saline county, including the Galatia Coal Company, one of the lead- 
ing industrial organizations of this part of the county. He carried on 
a substantial business, and through legitimate channels of industry, 
trade and finance accumulated property which at the most conserva- 
tive estimate is valued at a million or more dollars. As a banker, a 
miller, and a farmer he met with eminent success, fortune smiling 
upon his every effort. Mr. Webber made a part of his fortune through 
the increase of land values in Saline county, where he owned thousands 
of acres, while the Bank of Galatia, the mill and the farms, brought 
him in handsome annual returns, and his large investments in town 
property were of great value. In 1876 Mr. Webber erected several 
business houses in Galatia, one of which, the two story brick building 
in which his store was located, having been burned in 1896. He im- 
mediately rebuilt it, and in May, 1911, that structure was destroyed 
by fire and is being rebuilt by the estate for store and hotel purposes. 
The death of Mr. Webber, which occurred on the old Webber home- 
stead near Galatia, November 4, 1910, was a loss not only to his im- 
mediate family, but to the community, and was a cause of general 
regret. 

Mr. Webber married, March 20, 1875, his cousin, Annie J. Webber, 
a daughter of John Webber one of the leading supporters of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, as was his father, John M. Webber. 

John Webber was born January 24, 1819, in Philadelphia, and at 
the age of four years moved with his parents to Rutherford county, 
Tennessee. In 1830 he came with the family to Saline county, and 
until nineteen years of age assisted his father in the pioneer labor of 



OF THE 



OF ILUE 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1309 

clearing and improving a farm. Soon after attaining his majority he 
married Eliza Powell, who was born in Gallatin county, Illinois, in 
1824. In 1844 he migrated to Phelps county, Missouri, and having 
purchased a tract of land near the present city of Rolla, built the first 
house erected in that vicinity and donated the site of Rolla. He met 
with great success as an agriculturist, and likewise became one of the 
leading merchants of Rolla. He gave a tract of land lying on the north 
side of the town on which Fort Webber was built, the site of the old 
fort being now occupied by the Missouri School of Mines. His wife 
died in 1859. 

Annie J. Webber was born in Phelps county, Missouri, on her 
father's farm, and well remembers many of the thrilling incidents 
connected with pioneer days in Missouri. She recalls when the city 
of Rolla was started, and has distinct recollections of the precau- 
tions which the farmers had to take to prevent the destruction of cat- 
tle and stock by the wild animals that held nightly carnival near her 
home. During the Civil war she came to Saline county to complete 
her education in the Raleigh schools, and there became acquainted 
with "Jack" Webber, who wooed her ardently, followed her to her 
Missouri home, and brought her back to Illinois to become his bride. 
They were married at Eldorado, Illinois, March 20, 1876. She is still 
living in Galatia, where she is held in high respect for her many vir- 
tues and charms. She has two children, namely : John Henry Webber, 
of Galatia, born December 28, 1877, and Mrs. May Olive Burns, of 
Thompsonville, born September 18, 1885. Another son, William Jack- 
son, died in infancy. He was born February 8, 1880. 

JOHN M. BURKHABDT. Waterloo, Illinois, has several contractors 
whose operations are upon a very extensive scale, and whose work is 
known not only in the immediate vicinity of their home city, but 
throughout the southern part of the state. One of the best-known and 
most busily employed of these men is John M. Burkhardt, whose con- 
tracting is in well drilling, and whose activities have gained him more 
than a local reputation in his chosen line. Mr. Burkhardt was born 
November 14, 1861, near Renault, Illinois, and is a son of Conrad and 
Mary (Fauerbach) Burkhardt, natives of Germany. John M. Burk- 
hardt has one brother, Phillip Burkhardt, and half-brothers and sis- 
ters as follows: Conrad, Theodore, Henry, Lottie, Sofia and Lena. 
The father, came to the United States in 1842, settling at Renault Grant, 
Monroe county, where he became engaged in agricultural pursuits and 
followed that line until his death. Phillip Burkhardt now serves as 
superintendent of the Alms House at Waterloo. 

John M. Burkhardt was educated in the public school at Renault, 
after leaving which he engaged in farming for a number of years. 
Machinery has always interested him, however, and he eventually be- 
came engaged in well drilling, building up a large business from a very 
humble start. He now employs a small army of men, and carries on 
his business throughout Monroe and the adjoining counties. One of 
the leading Republicans of his section, Mr. Burkhardt served as con- 
stable of Renault in 1894 and as sheriff of Monroe county from 1906 
until 1910, and displayed much executive ability in discharging the 
duties of office. He and his family attend the German Evangelical 
church, and have been active in its work. Mr. Burkhardt gives a good 
deal of attention to the cultivation of his farm, a finely improved prop- 
erty of one hundred acres in the American Bottoms, twenty miles 
south of Waterloo, which is principally devoted to corn. His hand- 
some residence, however, is located at Waterloo. Mr. Burkhardt has 
vol. m 15 



1310 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

been prominent in fraternal work, and now belongs to the Masonic or- 
der and the Modern Woodmen of America. 

In 1878 Mr. Burkhardt was united in marriage with Miss Louisa 
Wood, of New Design, Monroe county, Illinois, and they have four 
children, namely : William, Olga, Sofia and Armin. Mr. Burkhardt is 
a skilled machinist, and has been able to give his attention to every 
little detail of his business. This careful management is largely re- 
sponsible for the success which has attended his efforts, and he is now 
ranked among the stable and prosperous citizens that go to make up a 
stable and prosperous city. 

JOHN HUEGELY, JR., is one of the successors of the founder of the 
Huegely Milling Company of Nashville, Illinois, and was born in this 
city February 25, 1858, his father being John Huegely, the pioneer 
industrialist of the place whose substantial achievement is reflected 
in the live and vigorous flouring mill whose management he sur- 
rendered more than a score of years since, and whose retirement from 
the activities of life came only after years of devotion to a purpose and 
the accomplishment thereof. 

John Huegely was born November 11, 1818, in Hassloch, Bavaria, 
Germany, and after a limited education was called upon to face the 
stern realities of life alone at a tender age. Having reached his ma- 
jority March 9, 1840, he came to America, landing in New Orleans, 
and as his finances were at a low ebb he worked there sawing wood 
until the opportunity came to continue his journey further north. He 
made his first stop in Monroe county, Illinois, where he obtained work 
with Mr. Sauers, father of the gentleman now conducting the Sauers 
Milling Company at Evansville, Illinois. Two years later he found 
employment with Mr. Conrad Eisenmayer in his water mill, located 
at Red Bud, Illinois, where he received wages at the rate of twelve 
dollars per month and board. From Red Bud he removed to a farm 
near Mascoutah, Illinois, but soon after entered the employ of Ph. H. 
Postel, with whom 'he remained until 1853. In that year, in partner- 
ship with Ph. H. Reither, he bought the saw and grist mill located at 
Nashville, Illinois. Being quite successful, in 1860 they built the pres- 
ent mill, which then had two hundred barrels' capacity, and in 1871 
Mr. Huegely purchased the interest of Mr. Reither. Prosperity con- 
tinuing, the mill was enlarged and remodeled from time to time, so 
that it is now an up-to-date mill of over five hundred barrels capacity. 
In 1890 Mr. Huegely retired from the active management of the busi- 
ness and was succeeded by his sons, John Huegely, Jr., and Julius 
Huegely, and his son-in-law, Theodore L. Reuter, who are conducting 
the business along the lines established by Mr. Huegely and they also 
are meeting with his success in the undertaking. 

Mr. Huegely served the county as associate judge, and was dele- 
gate to the Republican National Convention in Baltimore in the year 
1864, which nominated Mr. Lincoln for his second term as president. 
For more than sixty years he has been a consistent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Now past ninety-three years, he is still 
in comparitively good health, and is fond of reading and enjoys look- 
ing after his farms. He takes a lively interest in the events of the 
day, and bids fair to round out his century. Mr. Huegely is a man 
of rugged, sterling character, kind of heart, with an open hand for all 
needing assistance, and is respected and admired by all who know 
him and that means the entire population of Washington county, one 
of whose villages bears his name. 

John Huegely, Jr., was aducated with the means at hand and pro- 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1311 

vided by the public and while his training was not extensive it has 
proved ample for the demand made upon him through subsequent 
years of business. When he was through school he entered the office 
of his father's mill as a bookkeeper and his talents have been em- 
ployed in behalf of the industry since. When his father left the com- 
pany as an active factor in its management John became one of the 
trio of new blood which has been responsible for the success of the 
plant for twenty-two years. As a citizen he has manifested a dispo- 
sition to perform whatever public service to which his fellows called 
him, chief of which has been that of alderman of Nashville. He has 
reared his family under righteous influences as a Methodist, and has 
equipped his children with educations more liberal than his own. 
He follows the example of his venerable father in his political ac- 
tions and has supported Republican policies at every opportunity. 

On May 24, 1884, Mr. Huegely was united in marriage with Miss 
Annie S. Keller, who died September 1, 1892, having been the mother 
of two daughters : Ella C. and Florence. In September, 1894, Mr. 
Huegely was married to Miss Setta E. Weihe, daughter of Fred Weihe, 
and two children have been born to this union, namely: Olive and 
Homer. 

HARVEY C. VISE. Probably no citizen of Pranklin county has been 
more closely identified with conditions in the monetary and commer- 
cial fields than Harvey C. Vise, of Macedonia, and few have demon- 
strated their ability in as many different fields. Country bred, and 
reared originally for agricultural pursuits, he has been successful alike 
as farmer, merchant and financier, and has been educated for one of the 
professions. Today he is one of the leading capitalists of Franklin 
county, president of the Farmers Exchange Bank of Akin and of the 
Bank of Macedonia, and a worthy representative of an old and honored 
family. He was born in Hamilton county, Illinois, October 17, 1856, 
and is a son of Eliphas H. and Ester (Choiser) Vise. 

Hosea Vise, the grandfather of Harvey C., one of the most renowned 
Missionary Baptist preachers the state of Illinois ever knew, was born 
in 1811, in the Spartanburg district of South Carolina, the seventh of 
the nine children of Nathaniel and Dorcas (Meadows) Vise, the former 
of Welsh descent and the latter of English and descendants of Poca- 
hontas. His grandfather served with Washington at Braddock's defeat, 
and subsequently fought during the Revolutionary war at Eutaw Springs 
and Guilford Court House, as captain of the famed Virginia Blues. He 
died at the age of one hundred and three years, and his wife when 
one hundred and seven. In 1835 Hosea Vise moved to Posey county, 
Indiana, but a short time later came to Illinois and settled in Hamilton 
county, where he commenced farming and expounding the Gospel. In 
1864 he established a general store at Macedonia, which he owned until 
his death, and which is now being conducted by his grandson. In 
1861 he enlisted as a captain in an Illinois regiment, served therewith 
for twenty months, and on his return again took up merchandising, farm- 
ing and preaching. He served for twelve years as postmaster at Macedo- 
nia and for ten years as pension agent. In 1871 he sold his Hamilton 
county farm and purchased a tract in Franklin county, on which he 
lived until his death. He preached forty-eight years and during that 
time filled all of his appointments but four, was moderator of his district 
for a period covering thirty-eight years, during which time he missed 
but two meetings ; delivered the first temperance lecture in the counties 
of Hamilton and Franklin, and organized more churches than any man 
in Southern Illinois. He cast his first vote for Andrew Jackson, as a 



1312 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Democrat, but at the time of Lincoln 's nomination became a Republican 
and so continued throughout the remainder of his life. Fraternally he 
was connected with Governor Yates Lodge of Masons, and was buried by 
the order at the time of his death, February 11, 1897. His wife, Lettie 
Moore, was a daughter of Ellsworth Moore, and was born in 1814 in 
South Carolina and died in 1886. Their son, Eliphas H. Vise, was 
born in the Spartanburg district, October 11, 1835, and died May 25, 
1888, having been a successful farmer and merchant all of his life. He 
married Ester Choiser, daughter of William Choiser. The latter was 
born in Illinois and lived in the state all of his. life, serving in the Black 
Hawk, Mexican and Civil wars, and dying at the age of eighty-six years, 
at Eldorado, Illinois. His father, also named William Choiser, was 
born in Canada and came to KaskasMa, Illinois, later removed to Shaw- 
neetown, where he reared a family of fourteen children, and eventually 
removed to Saline county, where until his death he maintained a tavern 
on the road for the accommodation of travelers headed west. 

Harvey C. Vise was educated in the common schools and Ewing Col- 
lege, and after studying law for some time was admitted to the bar. 
His tastes did not run towards the legal profession, however, and in 
1872 he turned his attention to the operation of the store at Macedonia, 
where he has been a merchant ever since. He now has the largest 
stock of merchandise in Franklin county, and in addition owns a fine 
farm of three hundred and twenty acres. He is president of the Farm- 
ers Exchange Bank of Akin and of the Bank of Macedonia, the latter 
of which was organized in 1897, with a capital of eight thousand dollars, 
and has a surplus of five thousand dollars, with annual deposits averaging 
fifty thousand dollars. Mr. Vise has been too busy looking after his busi- 
ness interests to engage actively in politics, but he supports Republican 
principles and has served as supervisor of his township. Fraternally, 
he is connected with Royal Lodge, No. 807, Macedonia, in which he 
has served as master, and belongs also to H. W. Hubbard Chapter, No. 
160, R. A. M., Mount Vernon. As a member of Oddfellowship he has 
been noble grand of Macedonia Lodge, No. 315. 

In 1872 Mr. Vise was married to Miss Sarilda Plaster, daughter of 
John Plaster, an old resident of Franklin county, and she died in 1886, 
having been the mother of three children : John, an implement dealer of 
Macedonia ; Nellie, who married J. W. Johnson, of this city ; and 
Hosea A. On October 16, 1888, Mr. Vise was married to Miss Ellner 
McGuyer, daughter of William McGuyer, and a sister of John B. Mc- 
Guyer, Mr. Vise 's business partner. Four children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Vise, namely : Ava, who became the wife of B. F. Sparks and 
lives at Mount Vernon, Illinois; Orrie A., at home; and Clyde H. and 
Evan H., who also reside with their parents. The family is connected 
with the Missionary Baptist church, and its members are well and 
favorably known in religious and charitable work. Mr. Vise during 
his residence in Macedonia has been active in almost every movement 
for the public good, and the benefit that the city has derived from his 
activities in the financial and commercial world cannot be estimated. 
His business ventures, however, have been conducted in such a manner 
that he has earned the reputation of being a man of the highest in- 
tegrity, and as a consequence he has the respect and esteem of a wide 
circle of friends and well wishers. 

WILLIAM ALBERT PERKINE. The man to whom all Herrin turns in 
gratitude for the prosperity which has come to her, largely through the 
work of his brain, started out in life in a modest way, as a country 
school teacher, and now he is president of two mining corporations, 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1313 

handling an output of three thousand tons of coal a day. This is in 
brief the remarkable success of William A. Perrine. Aside from the 
leading part he has played in the industrial world he has been almost 
equally active in the political world, the long list of public offices with 
which he has been honored culminating in his election as a delegate to 
the National Republican Convention in 1908. 

William Albert Perrine was born only a few miles from Herrin, in 
Bainbridge Precinct, on the 17th of October, 1858. His father, the ven- 
erable Daniel Perrine, was one of the ante-bellum settlers of the county 
of Williamson. He was of rural stock, his parents living in Mercer 
county, Pennsylvania, at the time of his birth in 1831. With commend- 
able energy he acquired enough education to make him capable of 
teaching a country school. When he came to Illinois this, therefore, was 
his first undertaking until the inpouring rush of settlers offered such a 
rich field of the carpenter that he abandoned the blue-backed speller for 
the hammer and saw. Later he returned to the simple life of the farm, 
and save for his absence during the Civil war, has been content to re- 
main a modest farmer. So for fifty-five years he has been an influential 
member of that large body of sincere and high principled citizens who 
make Williamson county their home. 

In his political alliance Daniel Perrine is a strong Republican, and 
in the election of 1860 was an enthusiastic partisan of Mr. Lincoln, hav- 
ing the distinction of being one of the three men in his precinct to cast 
a ballot for the martyred president whom we have all come to almost 
worship. In 1862 Mr. Perrine enlisted in Company G of the Eighty-first 
Illinois Infantry, and his command formed a part of General Sherman 's 
army, operating in Mississippi. In the engagement at Guntown, on the 
10th of June, 1864, he was taken prisoner, and after undergoing many 
hardships reached the dreaded stockade at Andersonille, where much 
worse things than hardships had to be endured. Six months of this 
existence had to be borne before he was exchanged and was enabled to 
rejoin his command and to take part in the last sad scenes of the fall 
of the Confederacy and the surrender of gallant Lee and his army. He 
was mustered out after the Grand Review at Washington, and visited 
his parental home in Pennsylvania before returning to his family in 
Illinois. For twenty-four years he has acted as justice of the peace, a 
long and faithful service. He is a Master Mason, belonging to a family 
noted for its strong Masonic allegiance. In religious matters he has been 
a member of the Missionary Baptist church since 1866. 

Daniel Perrine married, in Williamson county, Illinois, December 10, 
1857, Susan Reeves, a daughter of William and Mary P. (Moore) Reeves, 
of Robinson county, Tennessee. Mrs. Perrine was born there in 1833, 
coming to Illinois with her parents as a baby in 1835. She lived to 
witness the success of her sons, dying on the 18th of September, 1911. 
Mr. and Mrs. Perrine had three children, William A., of Herrin ; George 
H., also a citizen of this city; and Melissa, who married Samuel Evetts 
and died on the 3rd of November, 1880. 

William Albert Perrine grew up amid country surroundings, receiv- 
ing his education at the district schools. His first ambition to become 
a teacher was soon gratified, and for seventeen terms he led the strenuous 
and disciplinary life of a country school teacher in the vicinity of Her- 
rin. With this for a winter diversion, he carried on farming in season, 
but eventually abandoned both to take up what afterwards became his 
life work. Foreseeing in the development of the coal fields all about 
Herrin a source of future wealth and power, he turned his tireless 
energy towards making this development as rapid as possible, with the 
result that Herrin. with its wonderful growth, bids fair to rival the 



1314 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

county seat for metropolitan honors. Mr. Perrine first engaged in the 
lumber business at Creal Springs, but only remained a lumber dealer 
for three years before turning to mining. He opened a number of the 
leading properties between Herrin and Marion, the list of mines em- 
bracing the Chicago-Herrin, the Carterville Big Muddy, the Hemlock, 
the Watson's Pittsburg and the Big Muddy. Having opportunities 
to sell at considerable profit, he disposed of all save the last two named, 
and he is the chief stockholder and president of both of these com- 
panies. He has handled the development and management of these 
companies alone until recently, when skilled successors reared in his 
own household and under his own direction assumed much of the re- 
sponsibility. 

Mr. Perrine has taken considerable part in the actual building of 
Herrin, erecting many houses for renting, and, being shrewd enough 
to forsee the trend which real estate was likely to take, has bought and 
sold considerable land from time to time. He is financially interested in 
the First National Bank of Herrin, being a stockholder, and, knowing 
that in a growing town one of the greatest aids to its growth is a 
Building and Loan Association, he lends his support to the one in 
Herrin as one of its directors. He was the propelling force which 
brought the Coal Belt Electric Railroad into Herrin, and together with 
others. secured about half the right-of-way between Herrin and Marion. 

Mr. Perrine has been identified with political thought longer than 
he has been a voter. His Republicanism is as old as he is and his ac- 
tivity at conventions and as a member of the county committee covers 
a period of more than twenty years. He has several times served his 
party as a delegate from his county to the Illinois State meetings. In 
1908, as a delegate to the national convention, he had the honor of 
casting his ballot for the nomination of President Taft. On the 1st 
of April, 1909, he was appointed postmaster by "wire" and succeeded 
Mr. A. Gasaway in that office. 

In his fraternal relations Mr. Perrine has shown his steadfast de- 
votion to a cause, for in spite of the many advantages which might ac- 
crue to him if he became a member of other secret orders, he has pre- 
ferred to give all his interest and attention to Masonry. He has filled 
all the chairs of the Blue Lodge, having been worshipful master seven 
terms. He was the first high priest of Herrin chapter, No. 229, and he 
is a member of the Metropolis Commandery, No. 41. He is also affiliated 
with the Chicago Masons, being a member of the Oriental Consistory and 
of Medinah Temple of that city. Three generations of his family have 
been members of the Herrin lodge and all have received the degree of 
Master Mason from it or its predecessor. 

On the 1st of August, 1880, Mr. Perrine was married to Miss Mary 
A. Cruse, a daughter of John M. Cruse, of Tennessee, and of Rebecca 
A. (Sizemore) Cruse, of Kentucky. Mrs. Perrine is the oldest of eleven 
children. Of the children born to this successful capitalist and his 
wife, Bert E. is superintendent of the Watson Coal Company and is 
married to Sudie Tune; Cass C. is superintendent of the Pittsburg 
Big Muddy Coal Company, his wife being Meda Russell ; Bessie May 
is the wife of W. A. Wilson, of Herrin ; Jesse J. died as a young boy ; 
Susie C. is Mrs. Chester Childress, of Herrin; John D. ; Melissa; Mc- 
Kinley and Effie, both of whom died in infancy ; W. A. Jr. ; and Joseph 
Edward. 

The life of this man should be of especial interest to young men, 
for it shows how, unaided, a man with courage, perseverance and con- 
stant care can win a position for himself where he not only possesses 
great wealth and prestige, but where he has the chance to aid others 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1315 

on the upward journey. Mr. Perrine has always been so closely identi- 
fied with his town that Herrin would not be Herrin without him, but had 
he been born in some other section of the country, where there was no 
opportune mineral wealth to be developed, his ability would have found 
some other outlet, for his is the nature that never knows defeat, whose 
calm optimism forces others to believe in him ; in short he is a natural 
leader of men, a strong and forceful personality in whom other men 
naturally trust and believe. However, his is a leadership not through 
hate or fear, but from admiration and respect. 

GUSTAVE E. Eis. Marion county numbers among her wealthy men 
who has perhaps surpassed all others in the amassing of a fortune and 
who is a recognized leader in practically every known local enterprise 
demanding the application of capital and executive ability, as well as 
many others of a similar nature in various other sections of the coun- 
try. As a capitalist Gustave E. Eis is in the front ranks in his city 
and county. As a good citizen and a family man his position is no 
less prominent. 

Gustave E. Eis was born in Dayton, Ohio, January 6, 1857. He is 
the son of John and Mary (Engle) Eis, the former a native of France 
and the latter of Germany. He was the son of Henry Eis, who lived 
and died in France ; a tanner by trade, and nicely situated with refer- 
ence to worldly endowments. He gave his son John a suitable educa- 
tion, and when he came to America in 1836 he engaged in teaching. 
He first settled in Newark, Ohio, but later removed to Dayton, Ohio. 
There he married, and was for many years an instructor in the French 
language in Dayton. He enlisted in the One Hundred and Fourth 
Ohio at the inception of the Civil war and returned home on a fur- 
lough after three years of service. He met his death shortly there- 
after by drowning in the Licking river. 

Gustave Eis was one of a family of nine children. His maternal 
grandfather was Frank Engle, a native of Germany, who came to 
America in 1833. He settled in Newark, Ohio, but later moved to Day- 
ton, where he passed the remainder of his life, dying there at the age 
of ninety-six. He was a merchant and always prominent in the busi- 
ness and social life of the city in which he made his home. The educa- 
tion of Gustave Eis was of necessity of a very meager nature, as the 
exigencies of fortune made it incumbent upon him to begin life's 
struggle alone at the tender age of thirteen years. In Kentucky, 
where he found himself after some traveling about, he became em- 
ployed in a cigar factory, and in the eleven years of his residence 
there he thoroughly learned the trade of a cigar maker. He then re- 
moved to Franklin, Indiana, where he remained for three years, and 
on May 15, 1881, he arrived in Centralia, which has been the scene of 
his principal operations in the years which have since elapsed. He be- 
gan his career in Centralia by opening a cigar factory, and he con- 
tinued in that business until 1910, when he sold out his interests and 
engaged in the real estate business, which had become particularly at- 
tractive to him by reason of his extensive holdings of Marion county 
realty. He deals in real estate, stock and bonds and since he became 
connected with that line of business the industry has taken on a re- 
newed activity, as a result of his modern methods and his reputation 
for square dealing. Mr. Eis has acquired an interest in practically 
every financial or industrial organization of note in the county. He is 
a director in the Old National Bank, and holds one twentieth of the 
stock in that institution. He is a one-fourth owner in the Marion 
Coal Mine property, and a stockholder of prominence in the Centralia 



1316 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Envelope Factory. He is the principal stockholder in the Home 
Building & Loan Association, and has always evinced deepest interest 
in the operations of the Association as an instrument in the upbuilding 
of the city. He is heavily interested financially in the Conly Frog & 
Switch Works at Memphis, Tennessee. He is president of the Wizard 
Products Company, the largest manufacturers of sweetening com- 
pounds in the world. The main factory of this firm is in Chicago, 
with a prominent branch in Nashville and another in Wichita, Kansas. 
He is president of the Lead & Zinc Company at Galena, Illinois, and 
is secretary and treasurer of the Ten Strike Mining Company at 
Galena, Illinois. This is a particularly rich and productive mine. He 
is president of the Florence Lead & Zinc Mining Company, another 
extremely rich property. The company own three hundred and twenty 
acres in the heart of the lead and zinc district, much of which has al- 
ready been proven, and a portion of which is now being worked. The 
property is particularly rich in moulders sand, and is considered to 
be one of the most valuable holdings in the neighborhood of Galena. 
Mr. Eis is also one of the principal stock-holders in the Glen Ridge 
Mercantile Company at Junction City, Illinois. Undoubtedly Mr. Eis 
is one of the wealthiest men in Marion county today, and his phenom- 
enal success in the world of finance may be ascribed solely to his own 
inherent ability. 

On September 16, 1884, Mr. Eis married Miss Anna Merkel, a 
daughter of Edward Merkel, a native of Germany. Four children were 
born of their union. They are : Clarence M., an instructor of voice 
in Chicago; Walter R., employed in the office of the Centralia En- 
velope Factory; Valette R., also with the Envelope Factory; and Flor- 
ence M., a student at the Rockford, Illinois, College. 

FRED HOPPMEIEB is one of the large and successful farmers of Pu- 
laski county, whose long life has been a checkered one, and who owes 
his present prosperity to his willingness to work, his clear head and 
the thrift and honesty inherited from a long line of German ancestors. 
He began with nothing, depending on two willing arms to conquer 
for him whatever difficulties he might meet. His youthful optimism 
and self confidence came out victorious after many battles, and the 
chronicle of his life should provide an object lesson to Young America 
today, for if it were followed many of the future failures could well 
be avoided. 

Fred Hoffmeier was born on a farm near Bohmte, near Osnabruck 
in Hanover, now a part of the German Empire, on the 1st of February, 
1846. His father was Clamar Hoffmeier, a farmer, and his mother 
was Engel Boedecker. Of their four children Fred was the oldest ; 
William was lost in the Franco-Prussian war fighting for his Father- 
land before the gates of Paris ; Engel and Louisa married and passed 
their lives near the place of their birth. 

Fred Hoffmeier was sent to the public schools of his native town, 
but showing no particular inclination for the life of a scholar, at the 
age of fourteen he was taken from school and put to work on the farm. 
In this work he spent the years until his majority was passed, and 
then to evade the military service which he soon would be forced to give 
his country he came to the United States. He sailed from Bremer- 
haven, and landed in Baltimore. Having no friends and no idea of 
where to go, he naturally turned towards the western land of promise. 
He reached Cincinnati, where he spent two years before going to Liv- 
ingston county, Illinois. Here he first attempted farming, but found 
it quite different from the same industry in the old country. The cold 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1317 

weather during the long winters on his farm near Dwight made him 
decide to go further south, so he drifted down to Cairo. The climate 
here was better suited to his constitution, and here he decided to lo- 
cate. Without funds and with no way to secure any save by the work 
of his hands, matters looked pretty black to the young German. Hon- 
est labor did not seem to be in demand, but at last he drifted over to 
Ullin, and there found employment in the big saw mills that were 
rapidly denuding the surrounding district of its crowning glory, its for- 
ests of oaks and poplars, which were the only things that gave the 
country any value at that time. This was in 1871 and after his mar- 
riage in 1874 he decided to try farming again, buying a forty-acre 
tract of land in the woods, whose sole claim to being called improved 
land was that it had been cultivated to some extent and that a log 
cabin homestead had been erected upon it. To this primitive spot he 
took his bride and they began together to tread the pathway which has 
at times meandered somewhat crookedly, as Mr. Hoffmeier was forced 
to turn aside from the straight way that led to his goal in order to 
meet the constantly changing conditions. His calm faith that ultimately 
everything would come out for the best was rewarded, for now he has 
a good measure of financial independence and knows that none of his 
household will have to suffer for lack of the material things of life. 
His clear and practical head managed his finances along sane lines, 
he never had to ask his wife to sign a mortgage, and he was never 
swept off his feet into any rash investment by the enthusiasm of others. 
He coolly examined a proposition, and if it met his approval then his 
money was freely poured out, but not impulsively. He actually 
grubbed his farm of four hundred and seventy acres out of stump- 
land, and today is raising fine crops of grain and many head of stock. 

It is not his industry alone that has numbered Fred Hoffmeier 
among the valuable citizens of Pulaski county. He possesses the spirit 
of progress along the lines of public enterprise to such an extent that 
any movement inaugurated for the purpose of establishing new or ad- 
vanced enterprises always finds him among its leaders. He has ever 
felt that education was the best gift to a community, and his service as 
a trustee of his home school has indicated the warm sympathy he felt 
for public education. In politics Mr. Hoffmeier is a Republican, and 
has served his party as county commissioner for one term. As vice- 
president and one of the directors of the First National Bank of Ullin, 
the peculiar ability of Mr. Hoffmeier as a financier has been brought into 
full play. The reputation of this bank as being a sound and conserv- 
ative institution may be traced directly to his influence. In religious 
matters Mr. Hoffmeier is Lutheran and Mrs. Hoffmeier, a Baptist. 

On the 24th of December, 1874, Mr. Hoffmeier was married to Miss 
Ferban Atkins, a southern girl. She was the daughter of Robert 
Atkins, who was killed fighting for the Union. He was an Alabaman, 
and this state was the birthplace of Mrs. Hoffmeier. Mrs. Hoffmeier 
had two brothers. One of these is J. T. Atkins, a farmer near Ullin; 
the other. Samuel Atkins, has been dead for several years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hoffmeier have three children, "William ; Frederick, who has been 
graduated from the Ullin high school; and Samuel, who is still a stu- 
dent there. 

A long life nobly spent, the well earned respect of his fellow men, 
the inborn characteristics of simplicity, a love of the truth and honor, 
what a heritage this German farmer can hand down to his children. 
It is of such stock as this that heroes are made. Coiild he. a poor 
young German standing on the banks of the Mississippi, not knowing 
where he would lay his head that night, have looked forward to his 



1318 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

present comfortable home, surrounded by a happy family, he would have 
thought he was "fey." Yet it has all come true, and is the work of his 
own brain and hands, helped by the courage of his wife, who has ever 
stood by with words of encouragement when things went wrong. 

ALBERT W. LEWIS, judge of the first judicial circuit court, Harris- 
burg, Illinois, looks back to Clinton county Ohio, as the place of his 
birth, the date being November 30, 1856. His parents, Aquilla and 
Harriet (Fletcher) Lewis, were both natives of Ohio, the father of 
Aquilla having at an early day removed from Virginia to the Western 
Reserve. In 1864 Aquilla Lewis and his family left the Ohio home 
and came across Indiana and over into Southern Illinois, where he 
settled on a farm in Saline county, two miles and a half southwest of 
Harrisburg. Here he devoted his energies to agricultural pursuits for 
a number of years, until his retirement and removal to Harrisburg, 
where he died in 1893, at the age of seventy-one years. Politically he 
was a Republican, and his religious creed was that of the Friends' 
church. His widow survived him six or eight years. Of their three 
sons and two daughters, Albert W., the subject of this sketch, is the 
eldest; Clark, for several years a farmer and merchant of Harrisburg, 
is deceased ; Edgar is proprietor of a hotel in Harrisburg, and the 
daughters, Ella and Eva, the former the wife of John E. Ledford and 
the latter of Emmett, are deceased. 

Albert W. Lewis spent his boyhood on his father's farm. Two 
years he attended Wilmington College, at Wilmington, Ohio, and at 
the age of eighteen he began to teach district school. Later he was 
employed in the Harrisburg school, where he taught two terms, one 
term being principal. That was in 1881, when the Harrisburg school 
had only three teachers. Teaching was only a stepping stone to his 
life work. He took up the study of law at vacation time, and with 
Mr. Boyer, of the firm of Morris & Boyer, as his preceptor, he pursued 
his legal studies. In November, 1882, he was admitted to the bar and 
at once began the practice of law, at first under his own name and 
later in partnership with William M. Christy, with whom he was as- 
sociated for four years in general practice. In 1888 he was elected 
state's attorney, for a term of four years, and it was while the incum- 
bent of this office that the noted Slayton murder case came up and 
attracted no little attention throughout the country. James C. Slay- 
ton, a wealthy farmer, killed one of his tenants, Hugh Morris. Judge 
Lewis prosecuted the murderer, and he was sent to the penitentiary for 
a term of thirty-five years. In 1892 Mr. Lewis was honored by elec- 
tion to the lower house of the state legislature, where he served as a 
Republican in a Democratic body. Two years later he was made 
county judge for a term of four years. In 1904 he was again elected 
state's attorney, and when Judge Vickers, of the circuit court, was 
elected to the supreme bench, the choice fell to Albert W. Lewis as his 
successor to fill out the term. In 1909 he was re-elected for a full term 
of six years, which he is now serving. Fraternally Judge Lewis is both 
a Mason and an Elk. 

He has been twice married. In 1883 he married Miss Fannie Baker, 
a native of Harrisburg and a daughter of the late Dr. Cornelius 'Baker, 
of Harrisburg, a veteran of the Civil war, who died in 1880. Mrs. 
Lewis died in December, 1900, soon after the birth of her youngest 
son, leaving a family of seven children, as follows: James B., now a 
member of the law firm of Dorris & Lewis, of Harrisburg; Aquilla 
Cornelius, a member of the class of 1912 in the law department of the 
Michigan State University; Edna, of the class of 1912 in the Illinois 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1319 

State University; Alice, a teacher in the Harrisburg schools; Arthur, 
William and Prank. In June, 1909, Judge Lewis married his present 
companion, who was Mrs. Maud Rathbone, widow of the late Walter 
R. Rathbone. 

HENRY R. HALL. It seems as if the possession of that thing known 
as "business ability" fits a man for a successful career in almost any 
line of work. Henry R. Hall, the prominent lumberman and banker 
of Sandoval, Illinois, is generously endowed with this gift, and he has 
been in enough businesses for a half dozen men, winning some degree of 
success from each attempt, ranging in dignity from that of a shoe- 
maker to that of a bank president. Perhaps a large measure of his 
success came to him through hard work, for he was early left fatherless, 
with the support of his mother and sister devolving upon him, and he 
early learned the meaning of toil. His early years were one constant 
struggle, he had little time for recreation of any sort, for during the 
time when he might have been free from work he was not free from 
worry. He had the problem of the care of two women, mother and 
sister, when the funds at his disposal were not much more than enough 
for one. In some way though he managed to save a little money, and 
as soon as he had this small capital to build on he began to rise. The 
story of his life is one of persevering effort and a determination to con- 
quer no matter what the odds. 

Henry R. Hall was born in Monroe county, Georgia, on the 1st of 
May, 1842. His parents were of Northern and Southern birth, his 
father being Charles Hall and claiming Vermont for his birthplace. 
His mother was Mary (Swift) Hall, and she was a native of South 
Carolina. During the thirties they were married in Forsyth, Monroe 
county, Georgia, where they lived until 1851. From 1851 to 1856 
they made their home in Dalton, Georgia, at the end of this time 
removing to Tennessee. Here the father died in October, 1856, and 
the widow, finding herself alone and among strangers, took her little 
family back to Dalton. Charles Hall was a shoemaker by trade, and had 
never been able to do more than to keep his family in comfortable 
circumstances. Although they had always been poor, affairs were 
now blacker than ever, but in 1857 they came to Marion county, Illi- 
nois, and here young Henry secured work and life began to take on a 
brighter hue. Henry Hall's paternal grandfather was a native of 
Vermont, and had come west in 1818, settling in Portage county, Ohio. 
Here he became a farmer, and continued in that occupation until his 
death. The maternal grandfather of Henry Hall was likewise a farmer. 
He was born in South Carolina and moved to Columbus, Georgia, 
where he settled on a farm near the now city. Here he spent the re- 
mainder of his life. 

With such an ancestry it is not surprising that young Henry, 
thrown upon his own resources, should turn instinctively to farming. 
His education had been obtained in the common schools of Georgia 
and Tennessee, arid since he was only fourteen years old when his 
father died he had not had the opportunity to learn a trade, so he 
turned to farming. He worked on a farm for five years, and then he 
learned the shoemaker's trade. He worked at this for two years, after 
serving three years as an apprentice, and with the aid of his mother 
and sister succeeded in scraping together enough to enter the business 
field in a modest way. At Kinmundy, Illinois, where he then lived, 
he engaged in the grocery business, gradually working up a good pat- 
ronage. As his business grew his popularity and good reputation kept 
pace with it, and in 1872 the people showed their confidence in him 



1320 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

by electing him sheriff of Marion county. He served in this capacity 
for two terms, and then served two terms as circuit clerk. He lived 
at this time in the county seat, Salem, and he remained here until 1886, 
when he came to Sandoval to manage a coal mine near-by. While 
living in Salem he had been elected mayor of the town, and was one of 
its most prominent citizens. 

He was connected with the coal mining business in Sandoval until 
1897, and then he sold out and went into the lumber business. This 
business has become one of the largest enterprises in Marion county, 
and it is all due to the force of character and good business methods 
of the owner. Since entering this field he has branched out into other 
parts of the county. He now has a lumber yard at Vernon and one 
at Junction City. All of these various branches are under one firm 
name, H. R. Hall and Company. Recognition of his abilities as a 
financier and as a man with a good head for the management of large 
enterprises came to him with his election to the presidency of the First 
National Bank of Sandoval. He also holds the same relation to the 
Farmers and Merchants Bank of Vernon, Illinois. In the political 
world he has always been active, giving his allegiance to the Dem- 
ocratic party. Although interested in national politics, he believes 
in keeping one's own "back yard clean," consequently gives all the 
time that he has to spare for politics in endeavoring to better local 
conditions. He has been mayor of Sandoval, and during his term of 
office much was done towards improving civic conditions. 

Mr. Hall was married on the 2nd of October, 1865, to Eliza J. 
Wolfe, a daughter of Joshua and Martha Wolfe. The latter was born 
in Pennsylvania, and Mrs. Hall was born in Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hall have five children, all of whom are married. Carrie married 
Charles D. Merritt; Nellie is the wife of D. E. Tracy; May married 
Adis Bryan, a cousin of W. J. Bryan; Martha became the wife of 
Robert Bellemy; and Charles W. Hall married Elizabeth Edwards, of 
Sandoval. Charles W. Hall was educated in Eureka College, where 
he spent three years, later attending Bryant and Stratton's Business 
College in St. Louis, Missouri. He is now in business with his father, 
and promises to grow into a man of as fine a character and as good 
business sense as his father. He is the father of two girls and one 
boy, Henry R. Hall, Jr. 

ERWIN DAVIS Fox. As a type of the wide-awake, progressive and 
enterprising Illinois business man no better example could be found 
than Erwin Davis Fox, of Keyesport, who deals in general merchandise, 
hardware, farming implements and lumber, and has also been called 
to high positions of honor and trust by his fellow townsmen, who have 
recognized and appreciated his natural abilities. During the years 
that Mr. Fox has been identified with the business interests of Keyes- 
port he has displayed those characteristics of industry, integrity and 
progressiveness that are bound to have a beneficent effect on the com- 
mercial activities of any community, and as a public official has 
brought those same characteristics into play, with the result that he 
won the admiration not only of those who have belonged to his own 
party, but of his opponents as well. Mr. Fox is a native Illinoisan, 
having been born at Hilesburg, Fayette county, August 12, 1878, a son 
of Julius C. and Maria (Bourner) Fox. 

Julius C. Fox was born June 12, 1837, in the Kingdom of Prussia, 
Germany, and in his native village attended the public schools, after 
leaving which he entered the University of Berlin, being graduated with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. On coming to America, in 1860, he 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1321 

located first in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he took a course in English, 
and eventually went to Indiana, in which state he practiced his profes- 
sion for a short time. After following the same line of endeavor at 
Pleasant Mound, Illinois, for about seven years, Dr. Fox came to 
Keyesport, and after a short term of practice moved to a farm in 
Fayette county, where his family grew up. He then retired from active 
life and moved back to Keyesport, where he lived quietly until his 
death, in 1905, while his widow still survives him and makes her home 
in this city. She is the daughter of James Wellington Bourner, an 
Englishman, and has been the mother of four children, as follows: 
Hermann ; Pauline, who married Russell Duloma ; Erwin Davis ; and 
Edith. Dr. Fox was a stanch and active Republican in his political 
views, and served in various offices within the gift of his fellow- 
citizens. 

Erwin Davis Fox spent his early life on the Fayette county farm, 
and until he was sixteen years of age attended the country schools of 
that vicinity and the public school's of Keyesport. He was married in 
June, 1898, to Miss Jessie Davis, daughter of John M. Davis, a native 
of Wales and one of the earliest residents of Keyesport, where he was 
engaged in the general merchandise business until his death, in 1903. 
During the Civil war Mr. Davis served four years and four months, 
as sergeant of company I, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, under General 
Logan, and had an admirable war record. Mr. and Mrs. Fox have 
had two children : Shubert and Erwin Davis, Jr. 

After his marriage Mr. Fox was engaged in clerking for one year 
for his father-in-law, and after Mr. Davis' death he carried on the 
business for several years. Eventually he sold out and purchased the 
stock and business of William Langham, and under his management 
it has grown to be one of the largest business concerns in Clinton 
county. His ability to discern opportunities, and then to grasp and 
make the most of them, has made his name familiar in the business 
world of Southern Illinois, but he always recognizes the rights of others 
and his dealings with his fellow men have been without a blemish. 
He has been prominent fraternally for some years as a member of the 
Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of America, in both of which 
he is extremely popular. It is, perhaps, as a public man that Mr. Fox 
has come most favorably into the notice of his fellow-citizens, for his 
prominence is remarkable when it is considered that is a Republican 
in a strong Democratic county. This, however, has only proved his 
popularity and the confidence in which he is held, confidence that he 
has shown to be not misplaced by his admirable administration as 
mayor, treasurer and postmaster of Keyesport. He is known as one 
of the leaders of his party in this part of the state, and has served on 
both the County and State Republican Central Committees. 

JAMES MARION LONG, of Stubblefield, engaged at that point in the 
general merchandise business and also holding the office of postmaster, 
is one of the well-known and highly esteemed citizens of Bond county. 
He has spent his entire life in this district and is very loyal to its in- 
stitutions. His life record began October 26, 1874, on his father's 
farm situated about a mile and a half north of Stubblefield. His father. 
Thomas Jefferson Long, was a native Tennessean. his birth having 
occurred in Knox county, that state, April 19, 1846. His youth was 
passed in Tennessee and several years before he attained to his ma- 
jority the outbreak of the Civil war disturbed the even tenor of life 
in the United States. He was a patriotic young fellow and uninflu- 
enced bv the sentiment of the section in which he lived and when he 



1322 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

enlisted it was as a member of the Seventh Tennessee Regiment of 
the Federal army. In 1869 the elder Mr. Long removed to Illinois 
and located near the Smith's Grove settlement. Here in 1872 he mar- 
ried Caroline Watkins of Bond county, Illinois. To their union were 
born six children, the eldest of the number being James Marion, im- 
mediate subject of this review, and only two brothers survive besides 
himself, namely: John Finesse, a farmer in Bond county; and Wil- 
liam Thomas, also a Bond county agriculturist. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Long survive, making their home on their farm near Stubblefield, and 
happy in the possession of many friends and the respect of the com- 
munity which for nearly half a century has had them in its midst and 
found them in every way desirable citizens. The father is actively en- 
gaged in farming. In politics he has always given allegiance to the 
' ' Grand Old Party, ' ' and although too young to vote for Father Abra- 
ham, to whose call he so cheerfully answered, he has supported with 
his vote all succeeding candidates. As a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic he renews association with the comrades of other days 
and he and his wife attend the Baptist church. 

The boyhood and youth of James M. Long were spent in Bond 
county on his father's farm, where he became well-grounded in the 
many departments of agriculture, and to the country schools he is 
indebted for his education. He found occupation after his school days 
as an assistant to his father in his agricultural endeavors and contin- 
ued thus engaged until September, 1901, when he opened a general 
merchandise store in Stubblefield. In the same year he was appointed 
postmaster, and the office he still holds after the lapse of ten years, his 
services having ever been faithful and efficient. His mercantile busi- 
ness has steadily increased since he opened his store and he has trade 
from all the surrounding farming country. He also owns a small 
farm of twenty-four acres, which is under successful cultivation, and 
has forty acres in Alabama. He is a Republican in politics and a Bap- 
tist in religion. He is unmarried and makes his home with his parents. 

WILLIAM W. McFALL. The city of Benton, Illinois, is fortunate in 
that it has been made the field of operations of some of the most prom- 
inent and wealthy business men of Southern Illinois, for in this way its 
industrial and commercial future is assured and the growth and devel- 
opment of its interests made sure. A number of these men have been 
the architects of their own fortunes; economists claim that the only 
men worth considering are those who have developed their characters 
and fortunes without outside assistance. Experience seems to prove 
that it is such men as these who are self-reliant and purposeful and can 
be depended upon in any crisis that may come to the country or com- 
munity. One of the successful business men of Benton who certainly 
belongs to the self-made class is William W. McFall. who was born 
August 31, 1844, in Williamson county, Illinois, a son of John and Jane 
(Cantrell) McFall. 

John McFall, the grandfather of William W., was born in North 
Carolina, where he was a planter and slave-holder. Deciding to go to 
Tennessee, he sold his slaves and property, accepting state money, which 
he found to be worthless when he reached his destination. Although 
well along in years, he did not allow his misfortunes to dishearten him, 
and set out to make a new start in order to provide for his family, 
which, after many hardships, he eventually succeeded in doing. His 
death occurred in Tennessee. His son, also named John, was born in 
North Carolina, and was a child when he accompanied his parents to 
Tennessee. As a young man he became engaged in the flat-boat busi- 



OFW 

2SS1TY 6? ! 






HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1328 

ness on the Cumberland River down to New Orleans, but in 1840 sold 
his interests and came to Williamson county, Illinois, where he bought 
out an improvement, which he proceeded to farm. In 1853 Mr. Mc- 
Fall bought his first government land, but sold it in 1856 to move to 
Benton, then a small village. He continued to farm, however, and in 
1865 and 1866 was engaged in the mercantile business, and his death 
occurred in 1871. He was a stanch and active Democrat in his politi- 
cal views, but was never an office seeker, and was faithful member of 
the Methodist church. His wife, who died in the faith of the Baptist 
church in 1863, was a daughter of Richard Cantrell, a native of Ten- 
nessee and the progenitor of the well-known Cantrell family of Frank- 
lin county. 

As a youth William W. McFall was not given many educational 
advantages, although he attended the Benton schools for some time, 
but the most of his schooling was secured in the school of hard work. 
Early in life he displayed marked business ability and the happy 
faculty of making money. His first venture of a business nature was 
in the woolen mill and cotton gin enterprise, in which he was success- 
ful, and in 1872 he sold his interests at a healthy profit and engaged in 
the flour milling business with John Ward, with whom he built one of 
the first mills in Franklin county, this later being rebuilt as a roller 
mill. After continuing with Mr. Ward very successfully for some time 
he sold his interest and engaged in a livery business, and for eight years 
had the contracts for carrying the mail on some of the leading routes, 
then engaging in lumbering with Ward & Moore, under the firm name 
of Ward, Moore & McFall. After some years spent in the flour mill, 
sawmill and timber business he contracted to furnish the timber for 
the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad in the construction of that 
company's track from Mount Vernon to Marion, and this proved to be 
a very successful enterprise, netting him a handsome profit. In 1897 
he went into the general hardware and implement business, which has 
since been incorporated under the name of the McFall Hardware Com- 
pany, with Mr. McFall as president and A. L. Esken, vice-president and 
general manager, and this business is now the largest of its kind in 
Franklin county. In addition Mr. McFall owns a large amount of city 
property and farming lands, and takes great pride in the achievements 
of his city and county. He is a member of the board of local im- 
provements, and a leader in movements calculated to be of benefit to 
Benton. In 1902 he helped to organize the First National Bank of 
Benton, becoming its first vice-president, a position which he held until 
he was elected president in 1912, and this is now one of the strongest 
financial institutions in the southern part of the state, having a capital 
of fifty thousand dollars, a surplus of a like amount, and deposits aggre- 
gating over two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. In political mat- 
ters he has always been a Democrat, but he has given his time and at- 
tention to business rather than to politics, and has never desired public 
office. Everything with which he has been engaged has turned out 
successfully, but it has been the characteristics of the man which have 
made him, not the development of his surroundings. He is the sort of 
a man who would have been successful at any time, in any place, at 
any sort of enterprise. His career is worth study, and will be of ben- 
efit to the aspiring members of the rising generation. 

In 1867 Mr. McFall was married to Miss Helen A. Denning, daugh- 
ter of Judge William A. Denning, who sat on the circuit bench of 
Franklin county for a number of years, and was an early settler and 
very prominent Democrat of this section. Five children have been born 
to this union, namely: Hallie, Maude, Gussie, William and Pearl, of 



1324 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

whom William is now deceased. Mrs. McFall died September 1, 1906, in 
the faith of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which Mr. McFall and 
his children are consistent members and liberal supporters. 

WILLIAM THOMAS EASLEY, M. D. One of the leading physicians and 
surgeons of Southern Illinois, William Thomas Easley, M. D., of Green- 
ville, is a practitioner of much experience and a close student of the 
science which he wisely chose as a profession. Keeping abreast of 
the times in this era of progress, when the diseases that manifest them- 
selves in the different organs of the human body demand special treat- 
ment, he has made special study of the eye and ear, making these his 
specialty, and his practice along these lines has so constantly increased 
within the past few years that it now requires a large share of his at- 
tention, eliminating to a large extent his general practice. 

Born in Montgomery county, September 1, 1857, Dr. William T. 
Easley was brought up on the home farm and acquired his rudimen- 
tary education in the rural schools of his native district. Ambitious 
to further advance his studies, he attended Hillsboro Academy the 
two years prior to attaining his majority, after which he taught for 
awhile in the old schoolhouse in which he received his early training. 
He subsequently studied medicine with a country physician, Dr. Bax- 
ter Haynes, and in 1880 entered the Saint Louis College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, from which he was graduated with the degree of M. D. 
in 1883. The ensuing eighteen months Dr. Easley was engaged in the 
practice of medicine at Smithboro, Bond county, from there coming to 
Greenville, where he has since enjoyed an extensive and remunerative 
practice, being now the longest-established physician in the place. 
Wishing to specialize in regard to diseases of the eye. Dr. Easley 
took a course of study at the South Western Optical College, Kansas 
City, Missouri, where he received the degree of Doctor of Optics, after 
which he studied in Chicago, there receiving the degree of Doctor of 
Ophthalmology. In addition to his special work, the Doctor is often 
called upon to do delicate and difficult surgical work, and is now serv- 
ing as surgeon for the Vandalia Railroad Company. He is very promi- 
nent and influential in professional circles, being president of the 
Bond County Medical Society and an active member of the Illinois 
State Medical Association. For several years he served as coroner 
of Bond county. 

On September 28, 1882, Dr. Easley was united in marriage with 
Minnie DeShane, of Coffeen, Illinois, who is of French parentage and 
ancestry and they have two children, Grace and Charles Euclid. Po- 
litically the Doctor ' is identified with the Republican party, and is 
ever interested in advancing the public welfare. For nine years a 
member of the Greenville Board of Education, he served as its presi- 
dent two years, and was largely influential in having erected one of 
the largest school buildings in the city. A valued member of the 
Methodist church, he is chairman of its Board of Stewards, and a 
liberal contributor towards its support. 

Louis A. HAWKINS. A native of Germany and brought to America 
by his parents when he was a mere infant, the entire life of Louis A. 
Hawkins since his advent in this country has been passed in Illinois, 
save for a few brief years spent in St. Louis county, Missouri, as a 
small boy. Since 1870 he has been a continuous resident in the vicinity 
of Mounds, and there he has established a home and built up a farm 
which is on a parity with any similar tract of land in Southern Illinois. 

The exact spot of his nativity in the Fatherland is not known, but 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1325 

the date of his birth was December 9, 1844. His father was George 
Hawkins, who on immigrating to this country with his family first 
settled in St. Louis county, Missouri, among the German speaking 
people of that district. He settled near the Mississippi river in Jack- 
son county, where he spent the remainder of his life, passing away in 
about 1856, when he was in the neighborhood of forty-four years of 
age. His first wife died in Germany, and he was married the second 
time there. His second wife died a short time after his passing away, 
and of the two unions, Louis is the only child known to have reached 
maturity. 

At the death of his father Louis Hawkins fell into the keeping of 
Hiram Lee, a neighboring farmer, and he also died before the un- 
fortunate boy came of age. The usual lot of the orphan was his and 
the only education he was privileged to receive was acquired in the few 
scattering months he was able to attend the country school of the vil- 
lage in which he was reared. Before he reached the age of twenty-one 
he married, and the sum total of his assets when he began life as a 
married man was one horse. He farmed the widow Lee's land on 
shares one season and his share of the crop was sufficient to secure for 
him another horse, as a result of which his second year was more suc- 
cessful. While the Civil war was in progress he made an attempt to 
enlist in the Eightieth Infantry of Illinois. He went to Centralia, 
where he contracted fever and ague, and he became so debilitated as to 
warrant the commanding officer in sending him home without enlist- 
ment. 

In the main, farming has occupied Mr. Hawkins' attention from 
first to last, although he has been employed in other capacities in his 
time. In Missouri he spent some time as a laborer about the mines in 
Madison county, and when he first came to Pulaski county he was em- 
ployed for a year in hauling lumber from the mill of his father-in-law. 
This latter employment was the indirect occasion of his acquiring his 
first piece of real estate, of which he took possession in the early seven- 
ties and began to improve the "cut over" area of the land in his initial 
efforts at building him a home. His tract of one hundred and seventy 
acres of fertile bottom lands, practically cleared and under cultivation, 
represents in large measure the nature and results of his employment 
during the years of his residence upon it. In addition to this tract he 
owns two other pieces of land, totaling sixty-five acres in all, which, 
combined with his other holdings, constitutes a modest and worthy com- 
petence as a result of the labors of the orphan boy of years ago. His 
first tract of forty acres, one-half mile south of Mounds, was his first 
home. He lived there about twenty years and then moved to the one 
hundred and seventy acre tract about one and one-half miles west of 
Mounds. His third tract of twenty-five acres lies about two miles west 
of Mounds. Mr. Hawkins has made his winnings as a stock and grain 
farmer. His is the repetition of the story of the tortoise and the hare, 
and after more than forty years of continuous industry the battle 
against adversity has been completely overcome, and provision for the 
evening of life has been assured. He has taken a good citizen 's interest 
in politics as an adherent of the Republican party, and for twenty- 
eight years he retained the office of justice of the peace. He cast his 
first presidential vote for General Grant, and has voted for every pres- 
idential candidate of the Republican party since that date. 

On August 20, 1865, Mr. Hawkins married Sallie Walbridge, a 
daughter of Henry Walbridge, from Vermont. ' The issue of the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Hawkins are : John, who married Kate White and is 
a farmer in Pulaski county ; Addie, the wife of Warren Grain, a farmer 

Vol. Ill 16 



1326 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

near Mounds ; Mary S., who spent several years as a teacher in Pulaski 
county before she was elected county superintendent of schools by the 
Republican party in 1908, and who is now successfully serving her sec- 
ond term as the incumbent of that responsible office; Lizzie, the wife 
of Marion Shifley, of Mounds; Hattie; Sallie, who married Thurman 
Carson, of Mounds ; and Louis H., as yet in the parental home. 

DR. JOHN P. MILLER has for four years been actively engaged in the 
practice of his profession -in Valmeyer, and in that time has built up a 
representative practice and a creditable reputation which bids fair to 
increase in its scope with the passing of the years. 

Born in Harrisonville, Illinois, on May 12, 1879, John P. Miller is 
the son of P. G. Miller, a native of St. Louis county, Missouri, born 
there on June 15, 1849. The latter came to Monroe county thirty-five 
years ago and settled in Harrisonville, where for a number of years he 
conducted a ferry over the Mississippi river. Later he engaged in the 
liquor business, in which he is still prominent in Harrisonville. He 
married Catherine Ehlen, of Germany, and of the children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Miller six are living. Dr. Miller is their fourth child. Mr. 
Miller is Democrat in his political faith, and he and his wife live at Har- 
risonville. 

Dr. Miller received his early schooling in the public schools and on 
completing the course prescribed by the common schools of his town he 
entered the Normal University at Normal, Illinois. He followed that 
course of training with four years of practical work as a school teacher, 
and then entered St. Louis University as a student in the medical de- 
partment. Later he entered the Baltimore Medical College, where he 
finished a complete course, and in 1906 was graduated from that in- 
stitution with the degree of M. D. His first field of practice was at 
Chalfin Bridge, where he labored for one year, then removed to Val- 
meyer, which has since been the center of his operations in his profes- 
sional capacity. He has been successful in establishing a flourishing 
practice, which is in a state of constant growth, and his reputation 
among the medical fraternity in his section of the state is of a partic- 
ularly high order. Dr. Miller is a member of the State Medical Asso- 
ciation and the County Medical Association, being active in both or- 
ganizations, and is local surgeon for the St. L. I. M. & S. Railroad and 
the St. L. & S. -W. Railroad companies. He is also a member of the 
Masonic order and of the Modern Woodmen of America. In his politi- 
cal allegiance he shares in the views of the Democratic party, and is 
active in its interests. 

In 1906 Dr. Miller married Miss Cecil A. Stoey, of Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania. No children have been born to their union. 

DANIEL J. BRADLEY. A large proportion of those who have become 
successful in the mercantile field in Franklin county are men who have 
been brought up in farming communities, reared to agricultural pur- 
suits, and left the peaceful vocation of tilling the soil for the busy 
vicissitudes of trade when they have felt that by thus acting they could 
enlarge the scope of their activities and profit accordingly. Many of 
these have chosen as their field the villages and cities adjacent to agri- 
cultural centers, knowing that their early experience would stand them 
in good stead in choosing the goods most acceptable to their trade, and 
no exception to this rule is found in the case of Daniel J. Bradley, a 
prominent business citizen of Elkville. whose career furnishes an ex- 
cellent example of successful farmer turned more successful merchant. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1327 

He was born January 12, 1865, at Tamaroa, Illinois, and is a son of 
Michael and Ellen (Linnehan) Bradley, natives of Ireland. 

Michael Bradley was born in 1820, and in his native country re- 
ceived educational training that fitted him for a school teacher, an oc- 
cupation which he followed until coming to the United States in 1848. 
He located at Tamaroa, and during the rest of his active career fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits, although on various occasions he engaged 
in the work with which he had first identified himself. He was an ac- 
tive adherent of Democratic principles, and a faithful member of the 
Catholic church, in the firm belief of which he died in 1909. In 1850 
he was married to Miss Ellen Linnehan, and they had a family of nine 
children, Daniel J. being the next to the youngest. Mrs. Bradley is 
still living and makes her home at Elkville. 

Daniel J. Bradley spent his early life much the same as other 
farmers' sons, attending public school when he could be spared from 
the duties of the home place, and being taught every detail that would 
enable him to successfully follow an agricultural career. However, the 
youth had an ambition to enter merchandising, and at the age of twenty- 
three years secured a position as a clerk in a general store. During the 
years that followed he applied himself assiduously to acquiring a capital 
with which to establish himself in business as a merchant, and in 1903 
embarked as the proprietor of a general store at Elkville. His subse- 
quent success has been such as to place him among the substantial men 
of his community, and his reputation is that of a man of sterling busi- 
ness integrity and one who has aided in developing the interests of his 
adopted village while advancing the scope of his own affairs. From a 
small beginning he has built up a trade that covers the territory for a 
number of miles surrounding Elkville, and he now has a stock of ten 
thousand dollars, the largest in this part of the county. In political 
matters, like his father, he is a Democrat, and the confidence and esteem 
in which he is universally held by his fellow.townsmen has been made 
manifest by his election to the office of township treasurer. He is a 
member of the Red Men and keeper of the wampum in the local lodge, 
and also holds membership in the Catholic Knights of Columbus. 

In 1896 Mr. Bradley was married to Miss Ellen Redden, of Johnson 
county, daughter of Patrick Redden, a railroad man. Two children have 
been born to them : J. Paul and R. "Welden. The family is connected 
with the 'Catholic church. 

AUSTIN IRVIN BROWN, M. D. The physician occupies one of the 
most responsible as well as confidential relations in our social existence. 
To him are intrusted our innermost secrets, as well as the lives and 
welfare of our dearest friends. To worthily and acceptably fill such 
a position is one of the most difficult tasks ever imposed on man, and 
such a task has been assumed by Austin Irvin Brown, who has had a 
long and varied experience. Gifted with a love for his chosen pro- 
fession, quick of intuition, and generous and sympathetic in his work, 
he has won the respect and esteem of the people of Vienna, Illinois, his 
chosen field of practice. Dr. Brown was born on a farm near Bun- 
combe, seven miles west of Vienna, in Johnson county, Illinois, March 
16, 1858, and is a son of R. W. and Mary A. (Peterson) Brown. 

Richard Brown, the grandfather of Dr. Brown, was a native of 
Tennessee and a pioneer settler of Southern Illinois, settling in Massac 
county, near Metropolis, in the early '40s. His son, R. W., also born 
in Tennessee, was a lad when the family came to Illinois, and here he 
learned the trade of carpenter, which he followed at Anna for a few 
years previous to settling on a farm near Buncombe, Johnson county. 



1828 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Later he bought another tract of land, one and one-half miles west of 
Vienna, and there continued to engage in agricultural pursuits until 
his death in 1899. Early in life he was united in marriage with Mary 
A. Peterson, who was born in 1834, at West Eden, daughter of Owen 
and granddaughter of Thomas Peterson, natives of Tennessee, and she 
died in March, 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Brown had six children, as fol- 
lows: Mrs. Ellen Thacker, George W., Olive (deceased), Owen P., 
Albert (who died in infancy), and Austin Irvin. 

Austin Irvin Brown received his primary education in the district 
schools, and later attended select schools in Vienna, taught by Pro- 
fessor W. Y. Smith and Joseph W. Smith. Beginning in 1887, he 
taught school for three years, and in the meantime, in 1889, began 
the study of medicine. In 1890 he entered the P. M. College, in In- 
dianapolis, which he attended for one term, and then, after passing 
the examinations of the State Medical Board of Arkansas, he practiced 
medicine in that state for a period of six months during 1891. In the 
fall of that year he entered Marion Sims College of Medicine, at St. 
Louis, and by pursuing his studies during an extended term of seven 
and one-half months, in order to meet the requirements of the State 
Medical Board, he graduated in the spring of 1892, with the degree 
of M. D. Locating at Belknap, Johnson .county, he practiced medicine 
successfully until 1900, and then after a three months' stay in Cairo, 
in partnership with Dr. Hall Whiteaker, he established himself in 
Vienna. Dr. Whiteaker subsequently located in Mound City, and since 
that time Dr. Brown has been in charge of a constantly increasing 
clientele. He is progressive in his ideas and is constantly seeking to 
advance himself in his profession, having taken three post-graduate 
courses during his professional experience. In 1899 he took a course 
in the Chicago Polyclinic Institute ; in 1906 he pursued a post-grad- 
uate course in the New York Polyclinic, and in 1909, took another 
course in the Chicago school. Dr. Brown is an active member of the 
Egyptian Medical Association, comprising the physicians of Johnson, 
Williamson, Massac and Pope counties, and has served as president of 
this society for two terms. He is also a member of the Illinois State 
and American Medical Associations. His fraternal connections are 
with the A. P. & A. M., Blue Lodge, of Vienna; Royal Arch, of 
Vienna; Knights Templar, of Cairo; the Modern Woodmen; the 
Royal Neighbors; the Eastern Star; the Odd Fellows; the Rebekahs 
and the Modern Brotherhood of America, all of Vienna, His religious 
belief is that of the Methodist Episcopal church, and both he and his 
wife have shown much interest in religious and charitable work. 

In 1889 Dr. Brown was married to Geneva Whiteaker, a daughter 
of Captain Mark and Elizabeth (Denton) Whiteaker, of Vienna, and 
they have two children: Essie, who is twenty-one years old, and 
Charles R., thirteen years of age. More extended mention of Captain 
and Mrs. Whiteaker, both of whom belong to the old families of South- 
ern Illinois, appears on other pages. 

Dr. Brown is a man who may be said to have chosen well. Pos- 
sessed of a kind, sympathetic nature, a keen sense of discrimination, a 
natural taste for the various branches of the medical profession, he has 
made a signal success. 

4 

CAPTAIN MARK WHITEAKER, a prominent and highly respected 
citizen of Johnson county and a veteran of the Civil war, now retired 
after a busy life devoted to agriculture and public service, is the scion 
of one of the oldest families of Southern Illinois. His birth occurred 
on the 28th day of March, 1833, on a farm in the southwestern corner 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1329 

of Williamson county, his parents being Hall and Elvira (Hall) 
Whiteaker, natives of Tennessee. Hall Whiteaker was the son of 
Mark Whiteaker, who came to Southern Illinois among the earliest 
pioneers, but who lost his life shortly after his arrival, in 1818. 

Mark Whiteaker was reared upon the farm, receiving a practical 
training in its many departments and receiving his introduction to the 
"Three R's" behind a desk in the district school-room. He enlisted in 
Company G, of the One Hundred and Twentieth Regiment, Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, at the outbreak of the Civil war. He took the 
initiative in the organization of the company in Johnson county and 
received the rank of captain. He was in service nearly one year, but 
was mustered out in June, 1863, on account of disability. He served 
in and around Memphis and did scout duty in Arkansas, Mississippi 
and Tennessee. In May 1862, he went to Vicksburg, but soon returned 
to Memphis and was quartered at Fort Pickering. Two brothers, Will- 
iam H. and John A., were in the same regiment and engaged in Gen- 
eral Forrest's raid. 

Captain Whiteaker was not the first of his family to come to the 
defense of the country in its hour of need, his maternal grandfather, 
John Dameron, having served in the Revolutionary war. John Dam- 
eron, who was English by birth, was one of the first pioneers of Burn- 
side township, Johnson county. 

When Captain Whiteaker was twenty-five years of age he purchased 
forty acres of land in Burnside township, one mile west of New Burn- 
side. Not long afterward he bought twenty acres more and later one 
hundred and twenty, making in all a good sized farm of one 
hundred and eighty acres. Upon this he resided from his marriage in 
1860 until 1882. In that year he was elected sheriff, and rented a 
farm one mile north of Vienna and lived there during his term of 
sheriff, which lasted until 1886. He then bought the one hundred and 
sixty acre farm which he had been renting and upon this made his 
residence until 1902, when he sold it and bought forty acres in Bloom- 
field township, where he lived until 1907. With the competence won 
by many years of diligence and thrift, he decided to retire from the 
more strenuous duties of life, and disposing of his farm land, removed" 
to Vienna, where he now lives, secure in the high regard of all who- 
know him. 

Captain Whiteaker has made a good record as a public official, 
always serving with credit to himself and profit to his constituents. 
He was a county commissioner, or member of the county court, from 
1864 to 1868; he served a four year term as constable of Burnside 
township ; was twelve years justice of the peace in the same township 
and held the same office" in Vienna township for four years. For the 
past two years he has been police magistrate. In all the length and 
breadth of Johnson county it is safe to say no one is better or more 
favorably known than this venerable and public-spirited citizen. He 
has ever given heart and hand to the men and measure of the Republi- 
can party and is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Fra- 
ternally he is a Royal Arch Mason and a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. 

Captain Whiteaker was happily married October 24, 1860, to Eliza- 
beth Deaton, daughter of William and Martha Beaton, natives of Ala- 
bama, who located in Southern Illinois at an early date. 

Captain and Mrs. Whiteaker became the parents of eleven children, 
two of whom died when young and the following being an enumeration 
of the number: Arista Ann (McElroy) ; Martha Elvira (Burris) ; 
Geneva A. (Brown); Dr. Hall Whiteaker, Jr.; William J. ; Thomas 



1330 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

H., who lost his life on the Illinois Central Railroad; Charles Franklin, 
deceased; Elizabeth (Mathis) ; and Daisy Gertrude (Compton.) 

HARL L. GEE, M. D. In thirteen years devoted to the practice of 
medicine in southern Illinois Dr. Gee has made rapid strides in the 
profession of his choice, and is openly recognized as one of the leaders 
in that profession in this section of the state. As a physician Dr. Gee 
enjoys the confidence and esteem of a wide circle of patrons, drawing 
his clientele from all walks in life ; while as a man his position is no less 
secure in the hearts of all who have come in contact with him. 

Born March 25, 1874, in Jefferson county, Harl L. Gee is the son of 
Isaac G. Gee, M. D., and the great-grandson of John Sandford Gee, an 
early pioneer of Jefferson county. John Sandford Gee was born on Janu- 
ary 10, 1777, in Virginia. He married Susan Tudor in 1798, and, cross- 
ing the mountains in 1803, they settled in Metcalf county, where he 
entered land from the government and engaged in farming, his oper- 
ations in that line being rewarded with a fair degree of success. He 
also conducted a surveying business as a further means of livelihood, 
and was regarded as one of the important pioneers of his time in that 
section of the country. He left one son, William Gee, born October 
16, 1810, in the old Kentucky home, who in his early manhood married 
Malinda Billingsby, the marriage occurring in 1837. They were the 
parents of five sons. They were: John A., now of Tamaroa, Illinois; 
I. G., the father of Dr. Harl L. Gee ; W. S., of Tarkio, Missouri ; M. D., 
of Mountain Grove, Missouri; and Henry M., now deceased. In 
October, 1852, William Gee moved to Illinois and settled in Perry 
county. In 1883 he went to Nebraska, but returned to Illinois in 1886. 
He and his wife were members of the old Paradise Baptist church in 
Perry county for more than forty-eight years, and in dying left the 
noble heritage of beautiful lives well spent in the care and nurture of 
a family of sons who have reflected credit on a good old name. 

Isaac G. Gee, the father of Dr. Harl L. Gee, was born in Simpson 
county, Kentucky, September 19, 1841, and when his parents moved 
to Illinois he was eleven years of age. He worked on the home farm 
as a boy and as he advanced in years taught in the district schools 
while in his 'teens. His ambition to enter the medical profession was 
deep-seated, and no slight difficulties were sufficient to deter him from 
his long cherished purpose. He entered the Eclectic Medical Institute 
of Cincinnati and was graduated from that institution in 1865, begin- 
ning the practice of medicine at Fitzgerald, in Jefferson county. In 
1892 Dr. Gee settled in Mount Vernon, since when he has retired from 
the activities of professional life and lives in the quiet of a semi-retired 
life. He has many business interests which demand his attention and 
which constitute a sufficient occupation for a man of his years. Dr. 
Gee is a director of the Third National Bank, president of the Walton- 
ville Bank and a stockholder in the Mount Vernon Car Manufacturing 
Company. He has been president of the Royal Building & Loan Com- 
pany, and has served as alderman and supervisor of Mount Vernon 
township. He is a member of the First Baptist church of Mount Ver- 
non and is a member of the blue lodge, Royal Arch and Knights Temp- 
lar in Masonry. 

On December 26, 1867, Dr. Gee was married to Elzina J., daughter 
of J. J. Fitzgerald, a native of Indiana. Five children have been born 
to them: James William, deceased; John Stanton, deceased; Harl L., 
of Mount Vernon; Earl, who died at the age of six years; and Knox, 
cashier of Waltonville Bank. 

Dr. Harl L. Gee was educated in the Mount Vernon public schools 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1331 

and in Shurtleff College. He later entered the medical department of 
the Northwestern University at Chicago in the fall of 1894, studying 
there for three years. He then matriculated in the Washington Uni- 
versity of St. Louis, graduating therefrom in 1898, with his medical 
degree of M. D. Dr. Gee began the practice of medicine in Mount Ver- 
non, and is fast forging to the front in the ranks of his profession in 
Southern Illinois. His consulting room is a part of the finely ap- 
pointed suite of rooms maintained by six prominent physicians of 
Mount Vernon, and known as the Hospital Consultation Rooms. For 
over thirteen years Dr. Gee has been intimately associated with Dr. 
Moss Maxey of the Egyptian Hospital, in both a professional and fra- 
ternal way, through which time the association has endured without a 
rupture. Dr. Gee is a member of the Jefferson County, Illinois State 
and American Medical Associations, and is active and prominent in 
all three. In a fraternal way he is affiliated with the Knights Templar, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias, and a 
member of the Baptist church, in which religious denomination his fore- 
bears held membership for many previous generations. 

On November 2, 1899, Dr. Gee was united in marriage with Nebraska 
Evans, daughter of George "W. Evans, who conducted a private bank 
in Mount Vernon for many years, which was finally merged with the 
Third National Bank by purchase. Dr. and Mrs. Gee have one child, 
Martha Evans, now five years of age. 

EUGENE M. DAKE. A man of energy and ability, with an aptitude 
for work, Eugene M. Dare is a worthy representative of the successful 
business men of Bonnie, where he is favorably known as cashier of the 
Bonnie Bank, which was organized in 1910 by Mount Vernon and Bon- 
nie capitalists, the local men having been Isaac Hicks, A. N. Hicks, T. 
M. Hughey, J. H. Crosno and Eugene M. Dare. J. H. Crosno was the 
first president of the institution, and was succeeded by Albert Watson, 
who is now serving in that capacity. The other men interested in the 
founding of the bank were Louis Pavey, of the Home National Bank, 
Dr. J. T. Whitlock, Burrell Hawkins, circuit clerk and recorded, all of 
Mount Vernon, and Dan G. Fitzgerald, cashier of the Ewing Bank. 
The Bonnie Bank is in a most excellent condition, its business having 
doubled within the past year. In 1911 the stockholders erected the 
modernly equipped building in which the bank is now housed, the cost 
amounting to $3,000.00, one of its important features being a fireproof 
vault, which is greatly appreciated by the home people and by the rural 
population. The bank is patronized by every business man in Bonnie, 
and by all the farmers in the surrounding country, it being of great 
benefit and much convenience to the community. 

A son of Thomas W. Dare, Eugene M. Dare was born August 21, 
1873, on a farm in* Jefferson county, Illinois. His grandfather, John 
Dare, came from Tennessee to Illinois in pioneer days with his father, 
John Dare, and filed on government land in Jefferson county. He was 
exceedingly prosperous as an agriculturist, at one time being the largest 
landholder in Elk Prairie township, where he settled with his brothers, 
Hubbard and James. Hubbard Dare was active in public affairs, and 
it is said was the first Republican voter of that township. 

Thomas W. Dare was born on the home farm in Jefferson county, 
and early selected farming as his life occupation. He acquired title to 
much land, and carried on general farming with undisputed success for 
many years, but is now living retired from active pursuits, his home 
being in Bonnie. He was born in 1846, and although young when the 
Civil war broke out enlisted as a soldier in Company D, Illinois Volun- 



1332 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

teer Infantry, in which he served faithfully ninety days. He married 
Avaline Boswell, a daughter of Isaac Boswell, of Jefferson county. She 
died in 1896, leaving three children, namely : Eugene M. ; Guy, of Bon- 
nie ; and Mrs. Margaret Shelton, of Watsonville. He married for his 
second wife Affy R. Mason, and of this union two children have been 
born, but only one is living, Ernest Dare. 

Gleaning his first knowledge of the common branches of study in 
the district schools, Eugene M. Dare subsequently attended the Southern 
Illinois Normal University and the Mount Vernon Business College. 
When but twenty years old he embarked in educational work, and for 
twelve years taught school, spending four years of the time as a teacher 
in Bonnie, the remaining eight years being passed in three other schools. 
Mr. Dare was afterwards tie and lumber inspector for the Chicago and 
Eastern Illinois Railroad Company for a year, and the ensuing four 
years was engaged in farming. In April, 1910, he accepted his present 
position as cashier. of the Bonnie Bank, and is filling the office in a very 
acceptable manner. Mr. Dare also conducts an insurance business, and 
is financially interested in the Bonnie Creamery Company, incor- 
porated. 

Mr. Dare married, November 12, 1895, Lucy Puckett, daughter of 
Thomas Puckett, and of their union seven children have been born, but 
only two are living, Jewell, born June 18, 1907, and Eugene M., Jr., 
born February 5, 1911. Fraternally Mr. Dare is a member of Allen 
Lodge, No. 904, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Bonnie. 

HENRY L. DAVIS, M. D. The multiplicity of experiences of Dr. 
Davis which interspersed the years covered by his medical training from 
an especially interesting attribute to his life, and in divers ways add 
to his many qualifications as a competent practicing physician and 
surgeon. His two years of army service as a nurse in the Philippines 
after a brief medical course was wonderfully rich in life's experiences, 
and serves as a most valuable adjunct to his regular medical training. 
Since his degree was awarded to him in 1906 Dr. Davis has been active 
in the practice of his profession, and in the years which have elapsed 
since then he has accomplished much from a humanitarian point of view, 
as well as winning to himself a pleasing reputation in a professional way. 
Henry L. Davis, M. D., was born on December 11, 1878, in Anna, 
Union county, Illinois. He is the son of Stephen M. Davis, born 1843, 
and who died in 1899, a native of Union county, Illinois, and the son of 
Reverend Levi Davis, also a native of Union county. For sixty years 
Reverend Levi Davis was an able expounder of the faith of the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian church in Southern Illinois, and when he passed away 
he left the rich and undying heritage of a life of well spent endeavor 
in a worthy cause, and of good he was able to do among the people for 
whom he labored no reasonable estimate can be made. He was the son 
of Thomas Davis, who immigrated from Wales, and represented a family 
which, since its foundation, has been known by its good works. 

Stephen M. Davis, the son of Rev. Levi Davis and grandson of 
Thomas Davis, who founded the family in America, married Amanda 
Day, a native of Cumberland county, Tennessee, who moved to Union 
county, Illinois, when she was ten years of age, in company with her 
brother, Henry Day, in 1857. Mr. and Mrs. Davis were the parents of 
ten children, of whom three sons and five daughters are now living. 
They are: William, H., a practicing physician of Castle, Oklahoma; 
Virgil B., an attorney of note in Indianapolis; Etta H., in Okemah, 
Oklahoma; Henry L., of Mount Vernon; Mrs. Alice H. Williams, living 
in St. Louis, Missouri; Lulu May, who died at the tender age of two 



OF THE 

0? 1LJKJ3 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1333 

years; Mrs. Cora B. Davis, living in Murphysboro ; Martha E., of the 
same place; Mrs. Eunice A. Huck, living in lola, Kansas; and Stephen 
M., who died in infancy. 

Henry L. Davis was educated in the common schools of Union county, 
the Dexter, Missouri, high school and the Illinois Normal University at 
Carbondale. On May 28, 1898, when he was but twenty years of age, 
he enlisted in Company I of the Sixteenth United States Infantry for 
service in the Spanish-American war. He was sent with his regiment 
to Santiago de Cuba, where they were in service one month and returned 
to Montauk Point, New York. From there they were sent to Huntsville, 
Alabama, and discharged under the act of Congress of 1899. On his 
return home he attended the Southern Illinois Normal during the winter 
and spring term which ended in July of 1900. He then enlisted in the 
hospital corps of the United States Army, his former experience in the 
army having been 'sufficient to whet his appetite for larger accomplish- 
ments, and was sent to Manila, where he served two years as a nurse, 
and returned to his home in August, 1902, after having circumnavigated 
the globe in the two years of his absence. His taste for foreign travel 
appeased, the young man once more entered the medical department of 
St. Louis University in the fall of 1902, and was graduated therefrom in 
May, 1906, receiving his degree of M. D. Dr. Davis immediately began 
the practice of medicine in Carbondale, remaining there until August 1, 
1907. He next located in Herrin, where he remained from August 10, 
1907, until September 10, 1908. The place did not meet with his ex- 
pectations and he next settled in Oakland, Coles county, where he re- 
mained until August 10, 1910. It was then that he located in Mount 
Vernon, which it would seem is the ideal spot for him, and where he 
already commands a wide and constantly growing practice, and is 
prominent in .both a social and professional way. 

Dr. Davis is a member of the Spanish War Veterans, and among the 
fraternal societies he is connected with the Knights of Pythias and the 
Modern "Woodmen. He is a member of the Baptist church. 

On October 24, 1907, Dr. Davis was married to Miss Tallie Link, 
of Ewing, Illinois, daughter of William J. Link. One child, Theodore, 
born October 24, 1908, has come to them. 

GEORGE LEON MEYER. The substantial and enterprising citizens of 
Greenville have no better representative than George Leon Meyer, who 
stands high among the keen, energetic and progressive business men of 
the city. A son of the late Conrad Arthur Meyer, he was born Febru- 
ary 7, 1865, in the city of Saint Louis, coming from German and French 
ancestry. 

Born near Strasburg, Germany, in 1835, Conrad Arthur Meyer was 
seized with the wanderlust when young, and at the age of twelve years 
left home to see something of Europe, traveling through different parts 
of the country. Returning to his native town, he pictured life in Amer- 
ica in such glowing colors to his parents that he induced them to come to 
America with him. Crossing the ocean in 1848, they located in Texas 
just after the close of the Mexican war, and soon afterward took up a 
homestead claim in San Antonio, where General Winfield Scott, with 
whom they afterwards became well acquainted, was then stationed, and 
where they found Mr. Conrad Arthur Meyer's uncle, Lucas Meyer, who 
had served as a general in the army during the Mexican war. The par- 
ents suffered all the hardships of frontier life, in addition having siich 
trouble with the Indians and Mexicans, who stole their horses and stock, 
that they became discouraged and migrated with their family to New 



1334 HISTOEY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Orleans. From there they proceeded up the river to Saint Louis, where 
they resided many years. 

On arriving in Saint Louis Conrad Arthur Meyer embarked in the 
drug business on his own account and began to read medicine, although he 
never completed his medical studies. Subsequently forming a partner- 
ship with Mr. Samuels, he opened a clothing store, which he conducted 
with good results. During the Civil war Mr. Meyer was a sutler in Gen- 
eral Grant 's army, and after the war moved with his family to Vicksburg, 
where he and his partner were engaged in mercantile pursuits until 
burned out. Returning to Saint Louis, the firm there resumed busi- 
ness, and carried it on successfully until another fire destroyed their 
stock. Coming then to Greenville, Illinois, Conrad A. Meyer opened a 
small store, but later bought land not far from the city limits, and was 
there engaged in farming until his death, July 30, 1897. He was a stead- 
fast Republican in politics, and a member of the Ancient Free and 
Accepted Order of Masons. Both he and his wife were reared in the 
Christian faith, but gave up their church associations during their 
later years. 

While living in Saint Louis, Missouri, Conrad A. Meyer wooed and 
won Catherine Ravold, to whom he was married August 6, 1861. She 
was a daughter of Nicholas Ravold, a silk weaver, who spent his en- 
tire life in France. She came to America in 1856, in early woman- 
hood, and for a time taught music in St. Louis and also clerked in her 
brother's store. She survived her husband, dying on the home farm, 
near Greenville, June 14, 1898. Five children were born of their 
union, namely: Emil, deceased; Emily, wife of John White; George 
Leon, the special subject of this biographical record; Elvere, wife of 
James Vaughn ; and Walter, deceased. 

Brought up on the home farm in Bond county, George Leon Meyer 
obtained the rudiments of his education in the district schools, and 
subsequently worked his way through the Greenville high school, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 1884. He afterwards con- 
tinued his studies at Greenville College, where he received the degree 
of Commercial Law in 1890. Mr. Meyer subsequently took a three 
years' law course at the Illinois Wesleyan University, in Blooming- 
ton, Illinois, from which he was graduated with the degree of LL. B. 
in 1897, and in May, 1897, was admitted to the bar at Springfield, Illi- 
nois. For twelve years, while he was engaged in the study of law, 
Mr. Meyer taught school to pay his expenses, having served as prin- 
cipal of schools at Reno, Van Burensburg, Bingham, Irving, Marissa 
and Litchfield, all in Illinois. 

Just after his admission to the bar Mr. Meyer was called home on 
account of the serious illness of his father, and subsequently had charge 
of the home farm until after the death of his mother, in 1898. He 
then opened a law office in Greenville, Illinois, and has since been ac- 
tively and prosperously engaged in the practice of his profession, and 
has also built up a good business in real estate dealing and money loan- 
ing. In 1904 he was elected state's attorney, and for four years filled 
the office ably and acceptably. 

Mr. Meyer is a leading member of the Republican party, and fre- 
quently attends the state conventions as a delegate. Fraternally he 
is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and of the 
Knights of the Maccabees. He is a bachelor, heart and fancy free. 

Mr. Meyer is a distant relative of George L. Von Meyer, ex-Post 
Master General, and later Secretary of the Navy. Mr. George Leon 
Meyer has a bit of literary taste and is the author of a song, the words 
and music of which were his own composition and was sung with ef- 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1335 

feet during the 1896 William McKinley campaign. He is also the com- 
poser of several poems, one of which, his favorite, is entitled "Wash- 
ington," and is here given: 

WASHINGTON. 

I 
In February, thirty-two, 

When earth put on her robe of white; 
Was born at dawn, the child of truth, 
Who made principle prevail o 'er might. 

II 

The air was keen, the heavens were bright, 
O'er Virginia's West Moreland hills; 

An unseen Power awoke the light, 
To make transpire to him who wills. 

Ill 

All nature seemed in worship bent, 

The winds kept peace, and angels sung 

To honor him whom God had sent, 
This noble being, Washington. 

IV 
In rural home so nice to charm, 

Grew this boy's nature, as the sun; 
With mother's counsel, wise and warm, 

Which moulded thoughts of Washington. 

V 

In his brief rules of behavior, 

He showed decorum in his youth; 
'Was in honor like his Savior, 

For George always would tell the truth. 

VI 

Trials taught him to master self, 

Before he commanded others; 
He always watched to find himself 

Blameless ere he censured brothers. 

VII 

He taught all men strength in defeat, 

To show mercy in victory; 
His disposition frank and meek, 

Disproved their best planned story. 

VIII 

A man unmaliced much was he, 

And filled with courage to do right ; 

That, when the hired foe's soul did flee, 
He grasped his hand in Christian rite. 

IX 

Who had LaFayette help us quick? 

Whose justice made the British run? 
Who made Cornwallis grow so sick? 

It was the force of Washington. 



1336 HISTORY OF SOUTHEEN ILLINOIS 

X 

No crown wore he. the King to play, 

No child gave Providence this one; 
Good will, all won gave he away, 

For America was his son. 

XI 

All hail to him, our guide, our chief, 

Who gave to us what we live for ; 
The seed he sowed we now do reap, 

Peace gave us as the fruits of war. 

XII 
And shall we have his name forgot? 

To be no more as is his dust; 
Revere his name what'er our lot, 

Let's praise him for our precious trust. 

XIII 

Whose name in history doth shine? 

America's wise and brave son; 
Whose soul on high should live as time? 

It is our George, George Washington. 

DAWSON MANON FARMS. Even in an age that expects much from 
its young men in the profession, public life and business, and in a state 
which has become noted for the men of the younger generation who are 
holding places of importance in every field, few have achieved the suc- 
cess that has come so early to Dawson Mauon Farris, who with his 
father is engaged in dealing in implements at Vienna, Illinois. Mr. 
Farris was born April 16, 1889, on a farm in Vienna township, John- 
son county, Illinois, and is a son of James Franklin Farris. 

The education of Dawson M. Farris was secured in the public schools 
which were located in the vicinity of his father's farm, and from which 
he graduated at the age of sixteen years, and the Southern Illinois 
Normal University, where he was a student during the years 1906 and 
1907. He then associated himself with his father, who had entered the 
farming implement business at Vienna, and this association has con- 
tinued unbroken to the present time with the exception of about one 
year. In October, 1909, Dawson M. Farris decided to take a trip 
through the western and northwestern states to find out if he could get 
a better locality in which to settle and establish himself in business, but 
in October, 1910, returned to his home county, fully confident that it 
was the best field for his activities. He is possessed of more than 
ordinary business ability, and the success which he has gained has come 
through the medium of his own efforts. Fraternally he is connected 
with the Masonic Lodge and the Modern Woodmen of America, at 
Vienna, in both of which he is very popular. 

On October 10, 1910, Mr. Farris was married at Vienna to Miss Zona 

Allard, of Simpson, Illinois, daughter of W. C. and Gertrude (Huffman) 

Allard. Mr. 'and Mrs. Farris are consistent members of the Methodist 

Episcopal church and are well and favorably known in religious and 

.social circles of Vienna. 

SAM A. THOMPSON, M. D. For fifteen years a practicing physician 
and surgeon in Southern Illinois and since June, 1911, a resident of 
Mount Vernon, Dr. Thompson is a wholesale example of what may be 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1337 

accomplished by a man in the way of advancement when he is the pos- 
sessor of a legitimate ambition, with the determination and ability to 
supplement that ambition. Beginning life with merely a common school 
education, Dr. Thompson when a boy of sixteen began to work with the 
intention of ultimately continuing his studies as a result of his labors, 
to the end that he might later become a member of that profession to 
which he aspired, and whose ranks he has graced through fifteen years 
of careful and efficient service. 

Sam A. Thompson, M. D., was born on February 5, 1869, in Cale- 
donia, Minnesota. He is the son of J. R. Thompson, a native of Mis- 
souri, -who migrated to Minnesota. In his earlier life J. R. Thompson 
was a steamboat captain, but in 1873 he engaged in the wholesale grocery 
business. He later removed to Sioux City, Iowa, but now resides in 
Louisiana, Missouri, where he is again engaged in the steamboat business. 
Together with a company of other men in Louisiana, Missouri, he is the 
owner of a line of river steamers, and they are conducting a thriving busi- 
ness in that line of industry. Mr. Thompson served in the Union army 
as captain of a company which he raised for the service, and did valiant 
duty for the cause during the period of his enlistment. 

J. R. Thompson married Maggie E. Damron, of Missouri, a daughter 
of James and Maggie (Thurman) Damron, of Virginia. She was a 
cousin of Allen G. Thurman, one-time candidate for the vice-presidency. 
Mr. and Mrs. Thompson reared five children, all of whom are living. 
They are Harry L., in Tulsa, Oklahoma; Myrtie E. Moore, living in 
Grand Junction, Colorado ; Sam A., of this sketch ; Claude D., of Colon, 
Panama ; and Maud J. 

Sam A. Thompson was a regular attendant of the public schools of 
Sioux City, Iowa, in which city he was reared. "When he was sixteen 
years of age he left school and secured employment in a retail store in 
Sioux City, remaining there for some little time. His next move took 
him to Austin, Texas, where he was employed as traveling salesman for 
a wholesale dry goods firm, being thus occupied for the space of three 
years. In 1893 he had accumulated sufficient from his labors of the 
previous years to permit him to enter Barnes Medical College in St. 
Louis, and there he completed the studies he had been conducting through 
several years past, graduating from that institution in April, 1897, with 
his well earned degree of M. D. The young doctor began practice im- 
mediately, settling in Ina, Jefferson county, and remaining there for 
fourteen years, where he built up a wide general practice and made a 
host of warm and admiring friends the while. In June, 1911, Dr. 
Thompson came to Mount Vernon and opened an office in the hospital 
consultation rooms. In the brief time of his location here Dr. Thomp- 
son has become well and favorably known among the profession, and is 
identified with the foremost people of the city in numerous ways. He 
has become the owner of two valuable farms of one hundred and twenty 
acres each near Springfield. Illinois, and is a director of one of the Ina 
banks. He has been identified with Masonry for a number of years and 
has attained to the thirty-second degree in that fraternity. He is a 
member of the Blue Lodge of Ewing, the Chapter of Mount Vernon and 
the Oriental Consistory of Chicago. 

In April, 1902. was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Thompson with 
Mary C. Berger. of Jefferson county, but born and reared in Menard 
county. Three children have been born to them. They are Louis, aged 
seven years; Henry, five years old; and Margaret, who came to them 
one year ago. 



1338 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

DEWITT C. YOUNGBLOOD. "An honest man is able to speak for him- 
self, when a knave is not," so, according to the Bard of Avon, Dewitt 
C. Youngblood should be allowed to tell his own story, for honesty is 
the keynote of his character, and realizing this his fellow citizens have 
done him the honor of electing him county treasurer, but since his 
modesty is too great to permit him to give a fair idea of what he has 
accomplished, the task must fall to another. All of his life save the 
time that he has spent in the service of his friends and neighbors in 
some political capacity has been devoted to farming in Jefferson county 
and his relations with the life of the county have been of the closest. 

Dewitt C. Youngblood was born on the 15th of February, 1849, on 
a farm near Crab Orchard in Williamson county. He was the son 
of John J. Youngblood, who was born in Tennessee, in 1827. The 
paternal grandfather of Dewitt was James Youngblood, who settled in 
Williamson county when it was still practically a wilderness and when 
clearing the land was one of the heaviest tasks that fell to his lot as a 
farmer. During a deer drive he was accidentally shot, and though he 
apparently recovered he died a few years later from the effects of the 
wound, and he now lies buried about six miles southeast of Marion. 
John J. Youngblood was yet a boy when his father came to Southern 
Illinois, this migration taking place somewhere in the thirties. Until 
near the middle of the century he was content to stay on the home farm 
and assist his father. During the early 'fifties, however, he decided to 
strike out for himself and settled on a farm in Elk Prairie. In 1854, 
growing restless, he took a trip through the northwest, which at that 
time was the haunt of the Indian, the buffalo and the fur trader. He 
was gone about five years, returning home by way of the southwest. 
Before settling down to a farmer's life he had served in the Mexican 
war, from 1846 to 1848, under General Zachary Taylor, therefore he 
was particularly interested in the country through which he passed on 
the latter part of his journey, for much of it had -been won for the 
United States during the Mexican war, and when he realized the vast 
extent of the country and the riches which could be only guessed, he 
was more than ever proud that he had helped to secure this great area 
for the country of his birth. 

The wife of John J. Youngblood was Miss Mary Ann Fisher, the 
daughter of Jason C. Fisher, who was a native of North Carolina and 
one of the earliest settlers in Williamson county. In the spring of 1855, 
following the example of his son-in-law, he set out for a trip through 
the northwest, going by boat to St. Paul, but he did not proceed far on 
his journey before death overtook him and he passed away in Iowa in 
May of that year. John J. was the father of six sons and four 
daughters: John J., who died in Missouri; Dewitt C. ; Elizabeth, who 
became Mrs. Robinson and resides in California; James M., who died 
in 1880; Parlee, now Mrs. Hudson, of Oklahoma; Albert, who died in 
his youth; Mary Jane (Buoy), who lives in Iowa; Ransom A., also 
living in Iowa ; Milley L., who died at the age of four years; and Henry 
who also died, in southwestern Missouri. Mr. Youngblood himself did 
not live to reach his prime, dying in 1873, on the 7th of December. 

Dewitt C. Youngblood was reared on the farm and received his edu- 
cation in the district schools. When he was twenty-one years of age he 
left home and began to work for himself. He married and took his 
bride to a little log cabin on a farm in Spring Garden township, where 
he began as a tenant farmer. The young couple put away every penny 
and resorted to every manner of self sacrifice until finally they had 
saved up enough to buy a farm of their own. The first farm consisted 
of seventy acres, but by dint of careful management they succeeded in 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1339 

accumulating two hundred and forty acres, which has since been divided 
among the children, Mr. Youngblood having reserved only eighty-seven 
acres for himself. This farm lies in Spring Garden township, where he 
first started out, and it is all under a high state of cultivation. 

In politics Mr. Youngblood is a Democrat, and he has served his 
party many times in different capacities. He acted as highway com- 
missioner in 1891, served as township assessor and has filled numerous 
township offices, such as township supervisor, which post he held for 
two terms. In 1910 he was elected to the office which he now holds, 
that of county treasurer, his term to expire in 1914. 

His marriage to Parlee Harmon took place in October, 1871. She 
was the daughter of Littleton Harmon, of Jefferson county, and died 
on the 20th of January, 1894. She was the mother of seven children, 
most of whom are married and have families of their own. Ida May 
(Holeman), who lives in Arkansas, is the mother of eight children; 
Mary J., who is Mrs. Gibson, and lives in California ; Alice, now Mrs. 
Rankin, is living in Jefferson county ; Rosa, who married Mr. Boyle, 
has one child ; Ollie, is Mrs. Fitzgerald ; Myrtle, now Mrs. Claude Nel- 
son, lives in Colorado ; and Jessie, who is teaching school at Windfield, 
Illinois. 

WILLIAM THEODORE GLASS. Public-spirited, enterprising and pro- 
gressive, William Theodore Glass occupies a position of prominence 
among the foremost business men of Harrisburg, which has been his 
home for a score of years. A son of Francis S. Glass, he was born 
September 4, 1855, near Golconda, Pope county, Illinois, coming from 
honored pioneer ancestry. His paternal grandfather, David Barnhill 
Glass, a native of North Carolina, migrated to Tennessee in early man- 
hood, and there married. About 1810 he came with his bride to Illi- 
nois, settling on the Old Cape Girardeau road, , near what is now Gol- 
conda, Pope county, but was then called Green's Ferry. He took up 
land, and there trained his children to habits of industry and honesty. 
On the farm which he redeemed from its primitive wildness one of his 
sons, James L. Glass, lived until his death, in 1904. Another son, John 
B. Glass, who lived to the venerable age of ninety years, was a leading 
member of the Presbyterian church from his boyhood days until his 
death, serving for many years as an elder, while his house was head- 
quarters for all the church people of that denomination. 

Francis S. Glass was born on the home farm in Pope county, Illi- 
nois, where he learned the trade of a carpenter and builder. During 
the progress of the Civil war he enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Twentieth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and continued with his command 
until honorably discharged at the close of the conflict. One of his 
brothers, William Glass, was in the employ of the government at the 
same time, building gun boats on the Ohio river. Francis S. Glass at- 
tained a good old age, passing away at the age of seventy-eight years. 
He married Emily Modglin, who was born in Pope county, Illinois. Her 
father, James Modglin, came from North Carolina to Illinois in an 
early day, locating at what is now Golconda, just opposite the pioneer 
home of the Glass family, where he was for years a frontiersman mer- 
chant and trader. Francis S. Glass became identified with the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian church, of which he was an active and valued 
member during the greater part of his life. To him and his wife six 
children were born and reared, namely : Felix and Amzi who died in early 
manhood ; William Theodore, the special subject of this brief sketch ; 
Louis A., died at the age of forty years ; Ellen, wife of Porter A. Rector, 



1340 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

of Cass City ; and Emma, wife of John L. Marberry, of Johnson county, 
Illinois. 

After leaving the district school, in which he gleaned his early edu- 
cation, William T. Glass learned the carpenter's trade, which he fol- 
lowed in Pope county until thirty years of age, having a shop and mill 
near the village of Golconda. Coming from there to Saline county in 
November, 1891, Mr. Glass opened a mercantile establishment at Har- 
risburg, and, in company with the late M. Johnson, dealt in agricultural 
implements, wagons, machinery, etc., until the death of his partner. 
Buying out then the interests of Mr. Johnson's heirs in the business, 
Mr. Glass conducted it successfully until 1906, at which time it had 
assumed large proportions, its stock being valued at from $8,000 to 
$10,000, while its annual trade amounted to about $20,000. Mr. Glass 
in the meantime had also dealt a good deal in real estate, buying good 
farming property, which he sold at an advance. 

For the past five years he has been an extensive trader, and has 
taken contracts for building road bridges in Saline county, in 1911 
having erected four steel and concrete bridges, varying in length from 
twenty to forty feet, at the same time continuing his dealings in realty. 

An active worker in Republican ranks, Mr. Glass has served as town- 
ship supervisor, and is now, in 1911, assessor of Harrisburg township, 
which includes the city of Harrisburg. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons, belonging to both the 
lodge and the chapter ; and to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Grand Lodge. Religiously he and his wife are members of the 
Presbyterian church, in which he is an elder. 

Mr. Glass married, at the age of twenty years, Mary J. Dill, of Pope 
county, who died in Harrisburg, Illinois, leaving seven children, namely : 
Rherla, wife of Morris Gaskins, a Saline county farmer ; Era, wife of 
Webb Ingraham, a traveling salesman ; Lula, wife of Edward Horning, 
a grocer; Mabel, wife of Arthur Michem, a mine examiner; Esther, 
wife of Sherman Wilie, a coal miner; Bessie, wife of Louden McCor- 
mick, a clerk in a coal office ; and Theodore, a coal mine operator. Mr. 
Glass married for his second wife Miss Georgia A. Rude, who was born 
in Cottage Grove township, Saline county, where her parents, John 
Slayton and Hannah Rude, spent the later years of their lives. 

WILLIAM S. PAYNE. The sheriff of Jefferson county, William S. 
Payne, is known throughout the county for his personal bravery and 
for his faithful devotion to his rather arduous duties. He comes of an 
old pioneer family, his grandfather having been one of the first settlers 
in Jefferson county, and his father having been born in this county. 
Mr. Payne is in reality a farmer and a very successful one, but he 
operates his farm from the city of Mount Vernon, where he lives mainly 
to give his family the advantages they might not be able to have on the 
farm. Although in his duties as sheriff he is forced into contact with 
the seamy side of human life and sees much that might shake his faith 
in humanity, he is a firm believer in the innate goodness in every human 
being and it is perhaps the knowledge of this kindly trait that makes 
him so popular throughout the county. 

William S. Payne was born in a big old farm house on the 9th of 
November, 1867. The house of his birth was situated in Shiloh town- 
ship. Jefferson county, and his parents were Joseph T. Payne and 
Monica (Hutchinson) Payne. Joseph T. Payne was born in 1846. and 
was raised in the section where he first saw the sunlight, namely. Shiloh 
township. His father, Joseph Payne, was a native of Tennessee, but 
spent most of his long life in Shiloh township, dying at 'the age of 



HISTOKY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1341 

eighty. Joseph T. Payne devoted himself to agricultural pursuits dur- 
ing many years of his life. But this was only a side issue, for he felt 
that his real work was in his service as a Baptist minister, and all of his 
life he has labored for the betterment of humanity and the improve- 
ment of the conditions under which we live. He is now retired and is 
living quietly at home on the old farm, but his influence, though no 
longer an active one, is still strongly felt and the memory of words he 
has spoken are treasured up in many hearts. His gift of eloquence was 
of great service to him when he was elected to the state senate as a mem- 
ber from the forty-sixth senatorial district, and he gave efficient service 
to his constituents during his term of four years. 

William S. Payne is the eldest of fourteen children, eleven of whom 
are living. Besides William these are James H. ; Ella, who is Mrs. Wat- 
kins, wife of the cashier of the bank at Woodlawn ; Lawrence, who is a 
farmer; Alpha (Webb), who married a farmer; Hattie (Alvis), the wife 
of one of the principals of the city schools of Cairo, Illinois ; Joseph H. 
and Arthur, both farmers ; Gleason ; Edith, a teacher in the Mount Ver- 
non schools ; and Gincie, as yet a student in the township high school. 

William S. Payne was reared on the farm and brought up to realize 
that the simplest joys in life are the hardest to get and the easiest to lose, 
and that the possession of these are what brings the most happiness, con- 
sequently he has never hungered for the possessions of a millionaire or 
the evanescent joys of life in a big city. He received a liberal educa- 
tion in the schools of the district, but being the oldest in his family his 
help was too valuable to permit him to leave home and take work in any 
higher institutions of learning, so he remained at home and helped his 
father until he was twenty-five, when he began to farm for himself. He 
purchased a farm of a hundred and forty acres, which he still owns and 
operates. He lived on the farm until 1906, when he removed to Mount 
Vernon. 

In politics Mr. Payne has always been an enthusiast, his affiliations 
being with the Democrats. His election to his present office took place 
in November, 1910, and the term for which he was elected is one of four 
years. Fraternally Mr. Payne is a member of the Odd Fellows and of 
the Red Men of Mount Vernon. With the father that Mr. Payne has 
it is small wonder that he is an active member of the church to which he 
belongs, namely, the First Baptist church of Mount Vernon. He is a 
regular attendent, at both the church services and at Sunday-school, 
and is one of the deacons, taking much of the responsibility of the finan- 
cial affairs of the church upon his shoulders. 

Mr. Payne was married on the 16th of November, 1892, to Miss 
Minnie Jones, the daughter of S. W. Jones. Mr. Jones was one of the 
oldest pioneers in Jefferson county, and met a sad death in an accident 
on the railroad in September of 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Payne have had 
three children, two of whom died in infancy, leaving Howard, a bright 
little chap of seven years, his birthday being on the 20th of November, 
1904. 

DANIEL G. FITZGERBELL. One of the most prominent men of this 
part of Southern Illinois is Daniel G. Fitzgerrell, banker, large land 
owner and leading Mason. He is connected with no less than three of 
the substantial monetary institutions of this section, namely : the private 
bank of Watson, Fitzgerrell & Company, which he assisted in organizing 
and of which he is cashier; the First National Bank of Sesser, Illinois; 
and the Bank of Bonnie, Illinois. Of calm, sane and judicious char- 
acter, and even more careful of the interests of others than his own, he 
is of the best possible material for a financier and the county is indeed 

Vol. Ill 17 



1342 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

fortunate in possessing one of his calibre in a position of such im- 
portance. Mr. Fitzgerrell is a man of property and has eloquently 
manifested his confidence in the present and future prosperity of this 
part of the state by making himself the possessor of several hundred 
acres of land located in Franklin, Jefferson and Gallatin counties. 
Among his other interests he deals extensively in stock. 

Mr. Fitzgerrell is a native son of Jefferson county, his birth having 
occurred within its boundaries February 10, 1869. He is the descendant 
of James J. Fitzgerrell, who removed from Indiana to Illinois when a 
young man, where he became a farmer and passed the remainder of his 
days. His maternal grandfather also lived in Franklin county for a 
number of years, having come there as one of the early settlers. All of 
Mr. Fitzgerrell 'a forebears gave hand and heart to the men and measures 
of the Democratic party. His father and mother were James J. and 
Sarah (Whitlow) Fitzgerrell, the birth of the former having occurred 
near Richmond, Virginia, and that of the latter in Franklin county, 
near Ewing. The mother, whose demise occurred in 1903, and who was 
a member of the Missionary Baptist church, was the father's second 
wife, the death of his first wife, whose name was Patsy Ann Martin, 
having occurred in 1861. Evan Fitzgerrell, a leading citizen of Ben- 
ton, is a son of the previous marriage. The father's death was in 1889, 
and he is remembered as one of the most successful farmers and stock- 
raisers in the history of Jefferson county. He eventually became the 
owner of a large tract of land. He was a Mason and an active member 
of the Missionary Baptist church and all good causes were sure of his 
support. 

Mr. Fitzgerrell received a good education, and after leaving his desk 
in the public school room became a student in Ewing College, from 
which he was eventually graduated. His first experience as a wage- 
earner was in the capacity of a bookkeeper at Marion, which position 
he held for one year. He then embarked in business on his own account, 
choosing the hardware field. After a time in this occupation he accepted 
the position of deputy postmaster at Mount Vernon, which he held for 
three years. After that he traveled extensively as salesman. In 1903 
he entered upon his career as a banker, in which he has been eminently 
successful, and in which he has displayed ability of a high order. In 
that year he organized the private bank of Watson, Fitzgerrell & Com- 
pany, and in the division of offices himself assumed that of cashier. 
This bank has a large capital stock and is conducted upon the securest 
and most admirable principles. Mr. Fitzgerrell is a man of wealth, 
the nucleus of his fortunes having been a heritage left to him by his 
father. 

On May 25, 1887, Mr. Fitzgerrell was happily married to Pauline 
Goddard, daughter of Monroe Goddard. an early settler of Williamson 
county, her grandfather having brought his family here as one of the 
earliest of the pioneers. He was a merchant and played a prominent 
and praiseworthy part in the many-sided life of his community, leav- 
ing behind him for generations to come an example worthy of emulation. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fitzgerrell have reared a family of three children, all 
promising young citizens. Monroe G. is his father's assistant in the 
bank ; Jack A. is a student in Ewing College ; and Mary K. is pursuing 
her public school studies. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fitzgerrell are valued members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church and the former is a widely known Mason, belonging 
to Ewing lodge, No. 705; H. W. Hubbard Chapter, No. 160, Mount 
Vernon; and the Knights Templar, No. 64. Mount Vernon. He is the 
district grand deputy of the Forty-fifth Masonic district and is also 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1343 

grand lecturer of the state of Illinois. He is now master of the Masonic 
lodge at Ewing and has held that office for five years. In the ancient 
and august order he is held in high esteem and affection and successfully 
lives up to its high ideals. In his political faith he subscribes to the 
tenets of the Democratic party, in whose wisdom his father believed. 

DR. LEWIS C. MORGAN. A man prominent in the social, professional 
and business circles of Southern Illinois is Dr. Lewis C. Morgan, of 
Mount Vernon. While devoting himself heart and soul to the practice 
of his profession, yet he manages to . find the time to devote to other 
things and in this way has prevented himself from growing narrow 
minded and out of step with the world, as do so many men whose lives 
are given to scientific pursuits. He has been closely connected with 
various financial institutions, and has endeavored to take his share of his 
responsibilities as a citizen. So highly thought of is his capacity along 
such lines that his fellow citizens elected him as mayor, and never were 
they better satisfied with their choice. 

Dr. Lewis C. Morgan was born in Hamilton county, Illinois, near 
the present thriving town of Dahlgren. He was the son of Phillip W. 
Morgan, who, as might easily be guessed from his name, was a native of 
the Blue Grass state. Phillip Morgan was born in 1832 and spent his boy- 
hood on the farm upon which his father had settled on his migration from 
Virginia, which was the original home of the Morgan family in America. 
In 1840 Phillip Morgan settled in Hamilton county, where he speedily be- 
came a successful farmer and prominent citizen. He was one of the first 
county commissioners, serving in this capacity before the county went into 
township organization. He was known everywhere as Judge Morgan, 
which is significant of the respect and love which his neighbors felt 
for him, for a man must be above the average in order to win one of 
these honorary titles from a community. His wife was Harriet Damon, 
who was born in Massachusetts in the town of Athens. She was the 
daughter of Owen L. Damon, who was one of the early comers to Illi- 
nois, settling in Hamilton county in the forties. A number of children 
were born to this couple, Mary, now Mrs. Riddle, of St. Louis; Anna 
(Irwin), who lives in Dahlgren; Dr. Lewis; W. G., who makes his home 
in St. Louis; Nora N., who is now Mrs. Grigg and lives in Mount Ver- 
non ; Owen L., who is the general manager of a large wholesale house 
in Marion; and Alice, Mrs. Wigginton, of Mount Vernon. 

Lewis C. Morgan was educated in the common schools of his home 
county, and when he became old enough to go to college he felt that 
since his father had a large family and about all he could do to sup- 
port and clothe and educate the rest, he would get his further education 
by his own efforts, for he was determined that he would go through 
college. Consequently when he was eighteen he began teaching school. 
For five years he kept this up, teaching through the long, cold winters 
for the sake of the all too brief period of happiness which he found 
every summer in poring over his books in Ewing College. By this 
time he had decided what should be his vocation, and so, in 1884, entered 
the Hospital Medical College at Evansville, Indiana, graduating from 
this institution on the 4th of March, 1886. 

His professional career was opened in Dahlgren, Illinois, where 
he practiced medicine from March, 1886, until September, 1905, at 
which time he removed to Mount Vernon. He has been uniformly suc- 
cessful in his practice, and is fitted through the strength of his person- 
ality, his coolness and perfect self control for the profession which he 
has chosen. 

He was an important factor in the formation of some of Dahlgren 's 



1344 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

most prosperous institutions, being a leader in the movement to organize 
the First National Bank of Dahlgren. When he moved to Mount 
Vernon he did not allow his interest in such matters to flag but became 
interested in the affairs of the Jefferson State Bank, and at present 
is a director in that institution. 

Politics always came in for a large share of Dr. Morgan's attention, 
for he felt that there was not enough thought taken in such matters by 
the better educated classes, and that this attitude of indifference was 
harmful to the country. He is a Republican by creed, and his term 
as mayor extended from April, 1909, to April, 1911. He also acted 
as president of the city board of Dahlgren. The deep insight which 
he gains into human nature through the daily practice of his profession 
has deepened in his own heart that regard for fraternity which finds 
its best expression outside of the churches in some of the fraternal 
orders, consequently he is very active in their behalf. He is a member 
of the Masonic order, of the Blue lodge, of the chapter and the com- 
mandery of Mount Vernon. He likewise belongs to the order of Elks 
and to the Odd Fellows of Mount Vernon. Along professional lines 
he is affiliated with a number of medical societies, being a member of 
the Jefferson County Medical Society, of the Southern Illinois Medical 
Association, of the Illinois State Medical Association and of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association. Through his membership with these societies 
and by constant reading and study Dr. Morgan endeavors to keep 
abreast of the time as regards his own profession. 

He was married on the 12th of March, 1883, to Jennis Brumbaugh, 
who was born in Hamilton county. She is the daughter of Dr. A. M. 
Brumbaugh, of this county. Three children have been born to Dr. 
Morgan and his wife ; Delia, who is the wife of W. P. Wood, and has 
one child, Vermadell; Chloe, who is a student in Belmont College, at 
Nashville, Tennessee; and Paul W., who is attending Brawn's Business 
College at Marion, Illinois. 

WILLIAM E. HAREELD. Prominent among the wealthy men of Union 
county who have added very materially to their store of this world's 
goods through the fruit growing industry is William E. Harreld, a resi- 
dent of Alto Pass for the past quarter of a century, and engaged there, 
first in a mercantile way, carrying on the business his father established 
in former years, and later in the brokerage and fruit growing business,- 
with which he is now identified. 

William E. Harreld was born February 16, 1863, on a farm in Jack- 
son county. His father, Cyrus Harreld, also born and reared in Jack- 
son county, was the son of James Harreld, who migrated to Jackson 
county in 1817. The state of Illinois was then in a most primitive state, 
and offered many opportunities to the far sighted pioneer. James Har- 
reld entered upon government land under the homestead laws, and 
further engaged in buying and selling farming and other lands then to 
be had for a mere pittance. He also engaged in the merchandising busi- 
ness and carried on a lucrative trading business. He died in 1844, while 
building a steamboat convoy on Big Muddy river, leaving a family. The 
Harreld family was of a somewhat warlike tendency in its earlier 
history, the ancestors of James Harreld having fought in the Revolu- 
tionary war, five of his great uncles having fallen at Kings Mountain. 
He, himself, was a first lieutenant in Captain Jenkins company in the 
Black Hawk war in 1832. After his father's death, Cyrus Harreld con- 
tinued to reside on the old homestead until 1851, at which time he 
opened a store in the vicinity. In 1860 he went to Carbondale and en- 
gaged in the mercantile business there for a period of eighteen months. 






HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1345 

In 1872 he again ventured out in that line of business and^ continued so 
for six years. In May, 1883, he bought a store and business in Alto 
Pass, and there he remained until the end of his life. The business pros- 
pered, and he became a comparatively wealthy man. He owned two 
thousand acres of f arm lands in Jackson and Union counties, in- addition 
to the business in Alto Pass and other holdings in that city. In 1857 
Cyrus Harreld married Miss Amelia Tuttle, a daughter of Matthew 
Tuttle, a native Pennsylvanian. Three children were born to them: 
James, William and Cora. 

When Cyrus Harreld died in October, 1902, his son William E. suc- 
ceeded to the mercantile business in Palo Alto, and for fifteen years he 
conducted it successfully, after which time he sold out the place and 
engaged in the brokerage business. For the past two years he has 
bought and shipped fruit in Utah and other western points. His brok- 
erage business will exceed $15,000, in addition to which he owns a fine 
residence, eight public buildings and twenty lots, the latter of which 
will aggregate in value fully $10,000. In addition to the above, Mr. 
Harreld is the owner of five hundred acres of land, and is part owner of 
a company owning two hundred acres. A portion of Mr. Harreld 's 
holdings lie in Jackson county, on which is grown annually a consider- 
able quantity of fruit and grain. In 1911 he raised one thousand 
bushels of wheat, three thousand boxes, or six hundred barrels, of apples, 
and quantities of other products. 

Mr. Harreld has been three times married. His first wife was Emily 
Cheney, and they were separated by divorce, some time subsequent to 
their marriage, in 1890. On February 24, 1894, he married Miss Molly 
Parsons. She died in December, 1906, leaving one son, William E. His 
third marriage took place in October, 1907, when Ora B. Hartlins be- 
came his wife. They are the parents of two children, Cora Amelia and 
Mary Louise. 

JOHN G. YOUNG, county clerk of Jefferson county, has been active in 
the politics of his county ever since he was old enough to understand 
the intricacies of this phase of public life, for his father was an influen- 
tial figure in politics and the lad absorbed it with the very air he 
breathed. He has been both a business man and a farmer, and has 
carried the success which he had in these two branches of industry into 
his present position. He is widely known and liked throughout the 
county. 

The father of John G. Young is William L. Young, a prominent busi- 
ness man and farmer of Farrington. He was born in Mississippi, in 
December, 1842, the son of Robert S. Young. When he was but ^boy 
he migrated to Southern Illinois, locating in Farrington township. 
Since 1880 he has conducted a merchandise store at Farrington, and in 
addition has extensive farming interests. In the northeast part of Jef- 
ferson county he owns over six hundred and forty acres, which, taken as 
a whole, forms one of the richest tracts of land in Southern Illinois, and 
owing to the care that is used in its cultivation, and the scientific man- 
ner in which this is carried on, the yearly crop is uniformly large. Mr. 
Young was married in about 1870 to Laura C. Byard, who died in 
August. 1901. She and her husband were the parents of seven children, 
four of whom are now living. Two of these died in infancy, and James 
E., who was next to the eldest son, is deceased. John G. is the eldest, and 
the three girls of the family are all married. Cora is Mrs. Gibson, Ra- 
chel A. is Mrs. Ganaway and Winnie became Mrs. Price. 

John G. Young was born on the 30th of July, 1871, on a farm in 
Farrington township. He was reared on the farm and attended the 



1346 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

common schools until it was time for him to go away to college. Ewing 
College was the institution of his choice, and he spent the school year 
of 1889-1890 studying there. Then, having come to believe that a busi- 
ness education would be more useful to him than a purely academic one, 
he entered Bryant and Stratton's Business College in St. Louis, where 
he completed the course offered. On his return home no favorable open- 
ing appearing in the business world, he turned to the first thing that 
turned up and began teaching school. He entered this profession when 
he was twenty-two and taught in Jefferson county until 1899, spending 
his summers farming. In this way he managed to accumulate consid- 
erable capital, and moving to Mount Vernon he invested in the mercan- 
tile business. He continued in this field until 1905, when he returned 
to his farm. Here on his beautiful farm in Farrington township he 
spent the next six years of his life. His election as county clerk in 
November, 1910, forced him to give up the agricultural life for a time. 
He was elected for a term of four years. Mr. Young has always been a 
factor in securing victories for his party, which is the Democratic, and 
previous to his election as county clerk had held various township offices. 
A taste for administering public affairs seems to run in the family, for 
in addition to his father's activities his uncle, W. T. Summer, was super- 
intendent of the county schools for a period of twelve years. 

Mr. Young is very active in the various fraternal orders to which he 
belongs. He is a loyal and firm supporter of the tenets of Masonry, 
being a member of the blue lodge and of the chapter at Mount Vernon, 
as well as being a Royal Arch Mason. The other orders with which he 
is associated are the Knights of Pythias and the Red Men of Mount 
Vernon. 

In May, 1897, Mr. Young was married to Miss Minnie J. Cox, who 
was born in Williamson county, Illinois. Her father was Thomas A. 
Cox and her mother was Kate Rendleman, who was a member of one of 
the largest and oldest of the pioneer families of Southern Illinois. Mrs. 
Young was reared on the old home near Carbondale, and has spent all 
of her life in this section. Two sons and two daughters constitute the 
family of Mr. and Mrs. Young, Edward Bernays, James, Helen and little 
Katherine, aged four. 

HON. GEORGE VERNOB. There is something exceedingly attractive 
in the voluntary retirement of a man who for a quarter of a century 
has taken an active and influential part in the affairs of the govern- 
ment. He leaves public life in the fullness of his strength, exchang- 
ing the exciting scenes of political turmoil, which present the most 
powerful attractions to the ambitious, for the peaceful labors of his 
profession, in the pursuit of which he, mayhap, finds time to rumin- 
ate on past events, on those that are passing and on those which the 
future will probably develop. Standing pre-eminent among the mem- 
bers of the bench and bar of Southern Illinois is the Hon. George 
Vernor, of Nashville, ex-judge of Washington county, who on his 
retirement from office in 1902 had a record of the longest continuous 
service in the history of the county. Judge Vernor was born in Nash- 
ville, October 23, 1839, and is a son of Zenos H. and Martha (Watts) 
Vernor. 

Henry Vernor, the grandfather of the Judge, was born in county 
Armagh, Ireland, and died in Alabama. He was a Primitive Baptist 
minister and "steam doctor," and married a Miss Enloe, who bore 
him the following children : Ezekiel, who died in Tennessee during 
the Civil war ; Zenos H. ; Benjamin, who passed away in Jefferson 
county, Illinois, during the 'sixties; Noah, who was a resident of Mis- 



Tib LIBRARY 
OF THE 

OF SVJS-1T. 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1347 

sissippi, where he died; James, who moved to Texas and there spent 
the remainder of his life; Jane, who married a Mr. Hodge; Nancy, 
who was the wife of a Mr. Stewart ; and Sallie, who died in Alabama. 

Zenos H. Vernor was born in 1808, in 1830 moved to St. Glair 
county, Illinois, and two years later removed to and entered land in 
Washington county. He enlisted for service against Black Hawk in 
1832 and was in the field several months before the old chief surren- 
dered his warriors at Prairie du Chien in 1833. Zenos H. Vernor is 
remembered now by but few people of the county. He was not a man 
of culture and broad education, but possessed a good mental poise, 
and his native ability commended itself to his countrymen, for they 
sent him to the constitutional convention of 1848 and made him a mem- 
ber of the lower house of the state legislature in 1850. In political 
matters he was a Democrat. He died in June, 1856, in Nashville, on 
his farm, after having spent some years as a blacksmith and in mer- 
cantile pursuits. Zenos H. Vernor married Miss Martha Watts, a 
daughter of James and Charlotte (Parker) Watts, who came to Illi- 
nois from Georgia, James dying in St. Clair county about 1827. The 
Watts were of Welsh origin and moved to Illinois about 1818. Mrs. 
Vernor was the oldest of four children, the others being as follows: 
Miriam, who married W. B. Peelwiler; Rebecca, who passed away 
as Mrs. John Alexander; and Judge Amos Watts, who occupied a 
prominent place at the bar of Southern Illinois and spent many years 
of his life on the bench. Martha Vernor died in Nashville, Illinois, 
in 1866, at the age of seventy years, the mother of these children: 
James, who died unmarried; William H., of Nashville; Augusta, who 
married John Leeter and died in Nashville in 1911; Judge George, 
of this review ; Daniel, who left a family here at the time of his death ; 
Frank M., of Salem, Illinois; Dr. R. E., of Nashville; John H., who is 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in Washington county; Mary C., 
who died as Mrs. James B. Stoker; and Laura H., who married Sid- 
ney Moore and is now deceased. 

Judge Vernor acquired his education prior to the inauguration of 
the public school. As a youth he took up the study of law with his 
uncle, Amos Watts, at that time state's attorney of the county, and 
was admitted to the bar at Salem in October, 1860, before Judge H. 
K. S. Omelveny. He became a member of the firm of Watts & Vernor 
by forming a partnership with Judge Watts, and was so associated 
until the latter was elected to the bench of the Third Judicial Circuit. 
He was elected county judge a few years later and his practice from 
the dissolution until recent years was done without an important part- 
nership. In 1904 his nephew, Frank N. Vernor, who died in 1912, 
joined him and caused the law firm of Vernor & Vernor to launch itself 
and enroll as an active factor in the legal profession. 

In 1877 Judge Vernor was first elected county judge, succeeding 
Judge M. M. Goodner. He had been associated with Judge Watts 
politically as well as professionally, and had his political tendencies 
greatly strengthened and his talent for organization and campaign work 
brought to the point of perfection. He possessed a belief in Democratic 
policies and principles that have ever received his support, and his 
faith was well known. Notwithstanding this he was elected in 1877. 
He inherited an extra year from the action of the Legislature changing 
the date of the election during this term, and in 1882 succeeded him- 
self. He was chosen again in 1886, in 1890 defeated his Republican 
opponent again, as well as in 1894 and 1898, and retired from office in 
1902 with a quarter of a century of public service to his credit and the 
longest continuous service in the history of the county. 



1348 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

Judge Vernor was married in "Washington county, in February, 
1860, to Miss Martha Mitchell, daughter of John and Susan (Hunt) 
Mitchell. Mr. Mitchell was an agriculturist and an emigrant from 
Kentucky. Judge and Mrs. Vernor have been the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: Kate and Hattie, who died in childhood; Zenos H., 
who died in St. Louis in 1892, leaving a son ; Daniel H., a prominent 
merchant of Nashville; Mrs. Alice Stroh, a teacher in the Nashville 
schools ; Deide, a resident of St. Louis, Missouri ; and Edgar, a soldier 
in the regular army, serving in the Philippine Islands. 

Judge Vernor has been an active Odd Fellow, attended the Grand 
lodge of the state as representative on many occasions, and served on 
the judiciary committee of the organization at various times. He is 
not a member of an orthodox church, but comes from the ' ' Hardshell ' ' 
Baptists, as indicated in the reference to his grandfather Vernor. The 
roster of distinguished jurists who have brought honor to the bench and 
bar of Southern Illinois contains many names of deserved eminence, 
and the place which Judge Vernor holds among these leaders is one of 
high credit and distinction. As a judge he made a record that held 
out a stimulus and example to all men who are called upon to bear the 
high responsibilities of a place upon the bench. The sound judgment, 
the well balanced, judicial mind; the intellectual honesty and freedom 
from bias which are required in a judge these attributes were all his 
and enabled him not only to give opinions which today are quoted as 
authority, but to maintain the best traditions of the judicial office. 
From his return to private practice he has been a conspicuous and in- 
fluential force not alone in the legal profession, but as a leading citizen 
interested in the important public movements of the day. As a lawyer 
his gifts as a speaker and his capacity for close, logical reasoning have 
made him a peculiarly forceful and effective advocate. Probably -no 
citizen in Washington county is better known, and certainly none are 
more highly respected. 

CARL D. SANDERS, M. D. It is seldom that a young physician en- 
tering upon the practice of his profession achieves instantaneous and 
striking success. The path that leads to a large and lucrative practice 
is in nearly every case a weary and tortuous one, but to all rules there 
are exceptions. The physician whose life is discussed in this sketch, Dr. 
Carl D. Sanders, although one of the younger of Union county's medical 
men, has, nevertheless, in the few brief years that he has followed his 
calling attained an eminence that places him well in the van as a prom- 
inent and successful physician and surgeon. He was born in Jones- 
boro, Illinois, his present field of practice, in 1880, and is a son of Dr. 
David R. and Lydia (Rauch) Sanders, and a grandson of Abraham 
and Mary Sanders, farming people of Tennessee. 

Dr. David R. Sanders was born in Tennessee, in 1845, and came to 
Williamson county, Illinois, when a lad of eight years. He resided on 
his father's farm there until 1863, in which year he enlisted in Com- 
pany E, Eighty-first Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with which 
he served until the close of the Civil war. For some years he was a 
school teacher in Williamson county, was ordained a minister of the 
Missionary Baptist church, and for thirty-five years was engaged in the 
practice of medicine, the last six years of his life being spent as as- 
sistant surgeon at the Southern Illinois Hospital for the Insane. His 
death occurred in 1907, while he was discharging the duties of that 
office. Dr. Sanders was much interested in political matters and one of 
the leaders of the Republican party in his section. His widow, who 
survives him, makes her home at Jonesboro with her son. 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1349 

Dr. Carl D. Sanders attended the public schools of Jonesboro, after 
which he took a literary course in the Union Academy, Anna, and 
graduated therefrom in 1899. For some time he was engaged in hos- 
pital work, which experience was a most valuable one, enabling the 
young physician to observe various medical and surgical cases, as well 
as to come in contact with some of the most skilled and prominent phy- 
sicians and surgeons of the state, and to note their methods of diagnosis 
and treatment of difficult and baffling cases. In 1904 he entered the 
Ensworth Medical College, at St. Joseph, Missouri, from which he was 
graduated in 1908, at which time he entered the medical field at Jones- 
boro. As has been said, his success here was instantaneous and com- 
plete. Being naturally endowed with a genial nature and agreeable 
manners, he made hosts of friends and the extent of his practice rapidly 
increased. 

In 1908 Dr. Sanders was united in marriage with Miss Ella Jane 
Pickles, who was born in Johnson county, Illinois, in 1883. They have 
had no children. Dr. Sanders belongs to the Masonic Blue Lodge, No. 
Ill, and the Odd Fellows, both of Jonesboro, and his profession con- 
nects him with the Union County and Illinois State Medical Associations 
and the American Medical Association. He is a learned and skilled 
physician, and a young man in every way entitled to the admiration and 
respect of all who are acquainted with him. 

WALTER S. MAXEY. One of the oldest families in Jefferson county, 
or indeed, in the United States, has its representative in Walter S. 
Maxey, since 1884 actively connected with the drug business, and for 
a number of years a member of one of the leading drug firms in Mount 
Vernon. The early history of this interesting family is well worth some 
consideration, in view of its direct bearing upon the communities with 
which the family became identified and the fact that they have been 
American pioneers since 1725. 

Walter S. Maxey, born March 8, 1854, in Jefferson county, is the 
son of James C. Maxey, who was born in Shiloh township, Jefferson 
county, on June 14, 1827. He has the unique distinction of being the 
oldest living native born citizen of that county. He was the son of 
Burchett Maxey, the grandson of William Maxey and the great-grand- 
son of Jesse Maxey, the latter having been one of the oldest or earliest 
settlers of Tennessee. He was shot and scalped by Indians in a general 
massacre near Gallatin, Tennessee, and left for dead, but he revived 
and lived for twenty years thereafter. Jesse was the son of Edward 
Maxey, whose father was Walter Maxey, the first who immigrated to 
America from Wales in 1725, settling first in Maryland. The descend- 
ants of Walter Maxey settled in Virginia, later removing to Sumner 
county, Tennessee, and thence to Jefferson county, Illinois, where the 
family has been active and prominent since that time. Burchett Maxey, 
representing the fourth generation of American born Maxeys and the 
grandfather of Walter S. Maxey, of whom we write, came to Jeffer- 
son county with his wife and two children in 1818. They came over- 
land, and his son, Perigan. was the first white person buried in the 
county, he having died at Morse's Prairie. The family soon afterward 
settled near Mount Vernon and in 1823 Mr. Maxey built a log house, 
the site of which is now occupied by the Third National Bank. Bur- 
chett Maxey 's log cabin was the first building to be erected on what is 
now the public square. He also built the first jail in Jefferson county. 
It was a crude affair, constructed of logs at a cost of $320.00, but it 
was well built and answered the needs of the time. He also built the 
first residence on the public square of Mount Vernon. His sou, James 



1350 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

C., born after their advent into Jefferson county, attended school in a 
log school house near Walnut Hill taught by Henry G. Hook. The 
mother and father of William Jennings Bryan also attended that little 
school, all unconscious then of the fame and name to be theirs in later 
life as a result of the public character of a son of theirs. 

The schooling of James C. Maxey was of necessity limited, and he 
remained in the Mount Vernon home until he was of a sufficient age to 
undertake the responsibilities of looking out for himself. He became 
interested in farming and stock-raising, and as time went on branched 
out in that industry, buying land and then more land, increasing his 
herds gradually until he had accumulated a comfortable fortune, en- 
abling him to retire from the pressing activities of the busy life he had 
led for so many years, and he is now living quietly and comfortably, his 
declining years amply provided for by the thrift and industry of his 
earlier ears. On October 31, 1850, was solemnized the marriage of 
James Maxey and Nancy J. Moss. She was a descendant on the ma- 
ternal side of an influential pioneer family, Louis Johnson, being her 
maternal grandfather. Her father, Ransom Moss, settled near Shiloh 
Church, and when his first wife died Old Shiloh cemetery was laid out, 
and she was the first person to be buried in that famous cemetery. 
They were the parents of eight children. They were: John R., de- 
ceased; Walter S., of whom we write; Oliver W., deceased; Oscar S. ; 
Albion P. ; James Henry, agent of the Standard Oil Company and sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Mount Vernon Ice & Storage Company; 
Lillie, the wife of I. F. Sugg, a merchant of Kinmundy, Illinois; and 
Moss, a physician and surgeon in Mount Vernon. The father, James C. 
Maxey, is a veteran of the Civil war, having fought in Company L, Fifty- 
eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He has in his time filled numerous 
responsible positions of a public nature, thus demonstrating his public- 
spiritedness and willingness to advance the general welfare of his home 
community, if further demonstration were necessary. He is now in his 
eighty-fifth year, and his wife is in her seventy-ninth year. 

Walter S. Maxey was educated in the common and high schools of 
his native county. When he was twenty years of age he began teach- 
ing, and devoted himself to the pedagogic art for nine years in Jeffer- 
son county. In the fall of 1880 he discontinued his labors in the field 
of education and took a position as a clerk in the grocery store of the 
late S. K. Latham, where he was employed for three years, a part of 
the time in the employ of S. G. H. Taylor, who was the successor of 
Mr. Latham. In the winter of 1884 Mr. Maxey served on the grand 
jury at Springfield for three months, being clerk of that body. In 
July, 1884, he entered the drug store of Porter & Bond as a clerk, with 
'the express intention of learning the drug business, and how well he 
lived up to his intentions and expectations is evidenced by the flourish- 
ing business of which he is now one of the proprietors. In 1889 he be- 
came a registered pharmacist as a result of his carefully pursued studies 
in connection with his regular duties, and he formed a partnership with 
Dr. A. C. Johnson and J. H. Rackaway to conduct a drug business. In 
1900 Maxey & Rackaway became the owners of the entire business, 
under which firm name the business is still being conducted in a man- 
ner most creditable to both gentlemen in charge. 

In 1888 Mr. Maxey was married to Miss Almeda Hicks, a daughter of 
Colonel S. G. Hicks of Jefferson county. In 1891 Mrs. Maxey died, 
and in 1900 Mr. Maxey contracted a second marriage, when Miss Es- 
tella Wiedeman, a graduate and teacher of the Mount Vernon schools, 
became his wife. Of this latter union four children were born. They 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1351 

are : Walter Charles, aged ten years ; James Wayland, aged eight ; 
Margaret Moss, five years old ; and Taylor, aged two years.' 

Mr. Maxey is prominent in political circles, and is a Democrat in 
his faith. He has filled the office of assessor for his township, also col- 
lector, and he was for several terms a trustee of the schools of Mount 
Vernon township. He was once the Democratic candidate for the office 
of mayor of his city, and ran better than a hundred votes ahead of his 
ticket, but was defeated by a small majority, Mount Vernon being a dis- 
tinctly Republican city. Mr. Maxey is a man of much enterprise, al- 
ways prominent in the front ranks of the leaders of his city, and his 
reputation is of a high order that permits of no adverse criticism. 

Ross SETEN, of the firm of R. Seten & Son Hardware Company, 
Harrisburg, Illinois, came to Saline county when a young man, and as 
a farmer, merchant and coal prospector and operator, has helped to 
make history here. As one of the leading citizens of the county for 
many years, a sketch of his life is of interest in this work, devoted as it 
is to a portrayal of the lives of the representative men and women of 
Southeastern Illinois. 

Ross Seten was born near Salem, in Washington county, Indiana, 
July 18, 1835, and on a farm in that county spent his boyhood days. He 
remained in Washington county until 1858, when, with four hundred 
dollars in cash and a two-horse team, he came over into the neighboring 
state of Illinois and established himself on a farm of one hundred and 
sixty acres near Sulphur Springs, ten miles southeast of Harrisburg. 
This land he purchased at four dollars and fifty cents an acre. Later 
he sold it and bought and sold other lands, and he still owns three hun- 
dred and sixty acres, eighteen dollars an acre being the highest price 
he ever paid foe any land. Here for twenty years he made his home and 
gave his attention to farming and stock raising, raising and buying and 
selling cattle and hogs, also trading for all kinds of stock, and making 
large shipments to market. 

About 1873 Mr. Seten bought a small hardware and furniture store, 
and placed his son George in charge of it. A few years later he left 
the farm and moved to Harrisburg, where he has ever since made his 
home. On the present site of the Trust & Savings Bank he built a large 
two-story frame building, and subsequently he bought and built on the 
north side of the block. In the meantime he had taken his son as a part- 
ner in the business. In 1891 the furniture and hardware stock was di- 
vided, and his son took the furniture end of the business. Mr. Seten 
sustained loss by fire three times at his original location, and after the 
last fire he sold out to the bank. For several years he carried a stock 
of general merchandise, including dry goods, but of recent years he has 
confined his stock to hardware, and now under the firm name of the 
R. Seten & Son Hardware Company, has one of the finest hardware 
stores in Southern Illinois, handling general hardware, steam fittings, 
auto fixtures, mining tools and miners' supplies. His stock will exceed 
$12,000 and the annual trade of the firm amounts to between fifty and 
sixty thousand dollars. 

Mr. Seten and his sons were stockholders in the Saline County Coal 
Company, pioneers in the coal industry in this county. It was about 
1898 or 1899 that they began operations. They sunk a shaft three miles 
and a quarter west of the Big Four Railroad, and developed a mine that 
had an output of 600 tons when, in 1904, they sold to the O'Gara Coal 
Company. The old name was then dropped, although soon afterward 
a new company took the same name. They believed that coal in paying 
thickness could be found. Accordingly they secured an option on land 



1352 HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

three miles west of Harrisburg and, sinking a hole ostensibly for stock 
water, they found coal in a seven to eight foot vein and at once began 
operations, and thus when the O'Gara Coal Company came to Saline 
county it was a ready buyer of the property. Mr. Seten's farm of three 
hundred and sixty acres, eight miles from Harrisburg, is all underlaid 
with coal, but as yet no mines have been developed on this tract, it being 
held for future use. Mr. Seten was one of the original directors of the 
Saline County Trust & Savings Bank, and is still one of its stockholders. 

While he has never been active in politics he has always been a pub- 
lic-spirited citizen. He cast his first presidential vote for Fillmore in 
1856, and remembers having heard Fremont speak in that campaign. 
At one time, when Saline county was Democratic by six hundred votes, 
Mr. Seten was elected on the Republican ticket to the office of county 
commissioner, and served as such for eighteen months, at the end of- 
that time resigning. Fraternally he is a Mason. The degrees were con- 
ferred upon him in Equality Lodge, No. 2, the oldest lodge in Illinois, 
in 1860, and he at once became a worker in the lodge. In the early days 
he used to come to Harrisburg to assist in the lodge work. Also he is a 
member of the Chapter. 

On September 20, 1857, Ross Seten and Miss Mary Ann Speeks, a 
native of Campbellsburg, Indiana, were united in marriage, and with 
the passing years sons and daughters to the number of nine have come 
to bless their home. Their children in order of birth are as follows: 
George W., who is engaged in the furniture business; D. K., a grocer; 
Sigel and John L., in the hardware business ; William, a farmer ; Alice, 
wife of J. P. Harmon, of Phoenix, Arizona ; Mollio, wife of Robert 
Macklin ; Millie, wife of William Walker ; and Pearl, wife of Caliborn 
Cecil. 

EARL GREEN, M. D. The son and the grandson of able and prom- 
inent physicians, Dr. Earl Green, himself a talented exponent of the 
medical profession, occupies no insignificant place in the professional 
and social life of Mount Vernon, the city in which he was born and 
reared, and where in maturer life he has conducted his medical prac- 
tice. Born on September 1, 1861, Dr. Earl Green is the son of Dr. 
Willis Duff Green, a native of Kentucky and born near Danville. His 
father, Dr. Duff Green, was a native of Virginia and was of English 
parentage. 

Dr. Duff Green served as surgeon in Barbee 's Regiment . of Ken- 
tucky Volunteer Infantry in the War of 1812. He practiced medicine 
in Danville, Kentucky, until 1844, at which time he removed to Pulaski, 
Tennessee. In 1846 he migrated to Mount Vernon, Illinois, where he 
spent the remainder of his life, passing away at the age of seventy-three 
years. His son, Willis Duff Green, followed in the footsteps of the 
father and entered the medical profession. He was educated in Centre 
College, Transylvania University at Lexington, and was graduated from 
the Cincinnati College of Medicine in 1844. He eventually became one 
of the more eminent practitioners in Illinois, and aside from his profes- 
sional attainments, was particularly prominent as a citizen of note. He 
was president of the company which built the first railroad into Mount 
Vernon, and was connected with various other enterprises of a public 
nature. He was prominent in fraternal circles, and was grand master of 
the Illinois Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1858 and grand rep- 
resentative to the Odd Fellows national convention in 1859. He was 
prominent, in a political way, being an adherent of the Democratic party, 
and was a delegate to the Democratic national convention in 1876, which 
nominated Samuel J. Tilden for the presidency. In 1845 Dr. Green 



HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1353 

married Corrirma L., daughter of Isaac Morton, a merchant of Hartford, 
Kentucky, of New England ancestry. Dr. and Mrs. Green were the 
parents of ten children', six of whom are living at present. They are 
Alfred M., an attorney in Gainesville, Texas; Inez I., instructor in 
Southern Illinois Normal University at Carbondale; Laura Reed; 
Minnie ; William H., judge of circuit court, and of whom more extended 
mention is made elsewhere in this sketch ; and Earl, practicing physician 
of Mount Vemou. The four deceased were Duff, Cora Lee, Maidelyn 
F., and Lucille. The father, Dr. Duff Green, passed away on Septem- 
ber 5, 1905, at the age of eighty-four years. 

The youth and boyhood of Dr. Earl Green were passed in attendance 
upon the public schools of Mount Vernon, and finishing his studies 
there, he entered the State Normal at Normal, Illinois, following which 
he entered the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, studying there 
from 1881 to 1883. He then entered the Bellevue Hospital Medical 
Schools of New York City, graduating therefrom in 1884. He began the 
practice of medicine in Mount Vernon, than which no fitter place could be 
named for the son of the leading member of the medical profession in 
that city for many years. He has carried on the good works of his 
honored father, winning to himself an extensive practice, as well as the 
unqualified respect and esteem of the best citizenship of his native town. 

Dr. Green's prominence in the communal life of Mount Vernon is 
not alone confined to his profession and its practice. He is a stock-holder 
in the Jefferson State Bank, as well as a member of its directorate. He 
is a member of various fraternal organizations of a social and other na- 
ture, one of them being the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
of Mount Vernon, and as an adjunct to his professional labors, he is a 
member of the County, State and American Medical Associations. Dr. 
Green is a man widely read and of fine scholarly attainments, and his 
circle of friends in Mount Vernon is bounded only by the limits of his 
acquaintance. 

Among other members of the family of Dr. Willis Duff Green who 
have attained a generous portion of prominence in Mount Vernon and 
Southern Illinois is Judge William H. Green, a brother of Dr. Earl 
Green of this sketch, and it is not unfit that a few words be said here 
in connection with the life and accomplishments of Judge Green. 

William H. Green was born in Mount Vernon on October 14, 1858. 
He was educated in the public schools of the city, and following his 
graduation therefrom he entered the University of Michigan in 1877, 
pursuing a literary and legal course in that splendid institution in 1878. 
For two years thereafter he studied law in the offices of a prominent firm 
and in 1880 he was admitted to the bar. Mr. Green began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Mount Vernon, his efforts from the first being 
attended by a pleasurable degree of success. In 1882 he served as mas- 
ter in chancery, and in the same year was elected to the office of city at- 
torney, retaining the office for two years. In 1884 he was elected state's 
attorney of Jefferson county, filling the office in such a manner that he 
was re-elected in 1888. From the beginning of his public career honor 
followed upon honor, and no office within the gift of his fellowmen in 
Jefferson county and his district has been withheld from him. In 1894 
Mr. Green was elected to the house of representatives in the Illinois 
Legislature, serving one term, with honor and credit to himself and his 
constituents. In 1909 he was elected to the office of circuit judge in the 
judicial district comprising the counties of Hardin, Gallatin, White, 
Hamilton, Franklin, Jefferson, Wayne, Edwards, Wabash, Richland, 
Lawrence and Crawford, and is still the incumbent of that office. In 
1896 he was a delegate to the national Democratic convention at Chicago, 



1354 HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 

and he was a member of the notification committee which informed Wil- 
liam J. Bryan of his nomination. Judge Green has been president of 
the Jefferson State Bank and is now a member of its directorate and a 
stockholder in the institution. He served as president of the Illinois 
Bankers Fire Insurance Company during its life, and has been active in 
the administration of the affairs of numerous other concerns. Judge 
Green is prominent as a fraternalist, being a member of the Benevolent 
jand Protective Order of Elks, Knights of Pythias, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, including the Chapter and Knights Templar, and of 
the Independent Order of Red Men. 

CHARLES CLARENCE DINWIDDIE. As the capable, efficient and popular 
superintendent of the public schools of Pocahontas, Charles Clarence 
Dinwiddie occupies a noteworthy position among the educators of Bond 
county, and is eminently deserving of more than passing mention in a 
work of this character. He comes of honored Virginian ancestry, being 
a lineal descendant of the founder of that family from which Robert 
Dinwiddie, one of the early governors of Virginia, was sprung. He is 
a true type of the self-made men of our times, having measured his own 
ability, and through his own efforts having hewn his way straight to 
the line thus marked out. A son of the late Joseph M. Dinwiddie, he 
was born near Woburn, Bond county, Illinois, March 6, 1880. 

Joseph M. Dinwiddie was also a native of Illinois, his birth having 
occurred August 1, 1832, in White Hall, Greene county. Succeeding to 
the occupation in which he was reared, he was engaged in farming and 
cattle dealing throughout his entire life, which was comparatively brief. 
He died February 28, 1881, while in manhood's prime. He married, in 
1869, Millie A. Anthony, of Woburn, Illinois, and she is now living in 
Smithboro, Bond county. He was a stanch Republican in politics, and a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

The youngest of a family of five children left fatherless when small, 
Charles Clarence Dinwiddie spent his earlier years in Smithboro, ac- 
quiring his elementary education in the public schools and at the home 
fireside. At the age of eighteen years he began his active career as a 
teacher, and for two years had charge of a school in Concord, after which 
he taught for a time in Seagraves. Going then to Decatur, Illinois, Mr. 
Dinwiddie worked in the railway shops for awhile, and after his re- 
turn to Smithboro was variously employed, for a year being connected 
with the Vandalia Railroad as an employe. Resuming then his profes- 
sional labors, he taught in Union, Illinois, in* 1904 and 1905, later hav- 
ing charge of schools in different places in Southern Illinois. In 1909 
he accepted the principalship of the Pocahontas schools, and has since 
filled the position to the eminent satisfaction of all concerned. Under 
his management the schools, which are housed in a large, well-lighted 
brick building, have made rapid progress, the course having been en- 
larged and now embracing two years of high school work. 

Mr. Dinwiddie married, in 1905, Grace Stubblefield, of Pleasant 
Mound, Illinois, and they have two children, Geneva and Joseph H. 
Politically Mr. Dinwiddie is a sound Republican ; religiously he is a 
member of the Christian Church ; and fraternally he belongs to the 
Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons and to the Modern Wood- 
men of America. 

ALBERT C. MILLSPAUGH. The entire career of Albert C. Millspaugh 
has thus far been marked with many honors, which as a public man the 
people have bestowed upon him. As city clerk, city attorney, mayor of 
his city for two terms, then chief clerk of the Southern Illinois Peniten- 



HISTORY OP SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 1355 

tiary for a number of years and clerk of the appellate court since 1902, 
Mr. Millspaugh has been a man of affairs since he began the practice 
of law in 1889. In addition to the many public offices he has filled so 
admirably he has been honored in divers ways as a private citizen, and 
the esteem in which he is generally held in his community is evidenced 
by the many important positions of trust he holds in connection with 
financial and other organizations in Mount Vernon. 

Albert C. Millspaugh was born on September 26, 1858, in White 
County, Illinois. He is the son of John and Sarah (Began) Millspaugh, 
of Dutch and Irish descent. John Millspaugh was a native of Orange 
county, New York, born there in 1815. He was a member of the medical 
profession and passed his life in the practice of medicine. He was the 
son of Daniel G. Millspaugh, born December 26, 1781, in Orange county, 
New York, and the grandson of John Millspaugh, born January 22, 1758. 
The latter was a