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History of St. Andrew's Church
Wniversits of Toronto
Chapter I. THE BISHOPS.
HE history of the parish of Grimsby will be
more clearly defined by first giving a list of
those bishops under whose encouragement
the church was established and fostered.
6,1 The Diocese of Niagara was not formed until
1875, previous to which time this parish came under the
supervision first, of the bishop of Quebec from 1793 to
1839, and second, under the Bishop of Toronto until 1875.
The Right Rev. Jacob Mountain, D.D., First Bishop
of Quebec. Consecrated 1793. Died 1825. All Canada,
west of Quebec was at first included in the Diocese of
The Hon. and Right Rev. Charles James Stewart,
D.D., Second Bishop of Quebec. Consecrated 1826.
The Right Rev. George Jehoshaphat Mountain, D.D.,
D.C.L., Third Bishop of Quebec. Consecrated 1836.
In the year 1839 the Diocese of Toronto was formed,
which then included the parish of Grimsby. The first
bishop of Toronto was
The Hon. and Right Rev. John Strachan, D.D., L.L.D.
He was consecrated in England in 1839. Died 1867.
The Right Rev. Alexander Neil Bethune, D.D., D.C.L.
was the Second bishop of Toronto. Consecrated January,
1867. Died 1879. He had been incumbent of the parish
of Grimsby from 1824 to 1827.
In the year 1875 the Diocese of Niagara was formed.
The Right Rev. Thomas Brock Fuller, D.D., D.C.L., was
the first Bishop. Consecrated 1875. Died 1884.
The Right Rev. Charles Hamilton, D.D., D.C.L., was
the second Bishop of Niagara. Consecrated 1885.
Translated to the Diocese of Ottawa, 1896.
The Right Rev. John Philip Du Moulin, M.A., D.C.L.,
was the third Bishop of Niagara. Consecrated 1896.
The Right Rev. William Reid Clark, M.A., D.D., D.C.
L., is the fourth Bishop of Niagara.
Chapter II. EARLY HISTORY.
To the United Empire Loyalists we owe the first
settlements of Grimsby. These were New England
colonists who were true to the British flag during the
American Revolution of 1775 and who, after the peace of
Paris in 1783, not only found themselves persecuted by
their neighbors, but also robbed of their property by the
American government on account of their loyalty to
At this juncture, King George III. offered these faith-
ful subjects a home in Canada, with a grant to each of
two hundred acres of land, together with seeds and im-
plements. To some who had been British officers much
The First Bishop of Niagara
larger grants were made. In that year twenty thousand
removed to the maritime provinces, and in 1784 more than
ten thousand others came into the Niagara Peninsula.
The most of these latter, and among them the early settlers
of Grimsby, came via Oswego, N. Y., Lake Ontario and
From the Niagara river westward distances were
roughly estimated by the various creeks, e. g., "The
Twenty," "The Thirty," "The Forty," by which last
name our village was known until the Great Western
Railway was completed, and a more suitable name seemed
The pioneer worker in the establishment of the Church
of England at Grimsby was Andrew Pettit. He was born
The Bifho4 of Niagara
near Easton, on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware
river, in the year 1756. A United Empire Loyalist, he
came to Canada in 1787, receiving from the Crown a grant
of land near Grimsby, Ontario.
A devoted churchman, he early invited his neighbors
for worship at his house not far from the lake, and after-
wards continued to read the services in the "log church"
and later in the "frame church" until the year 1817, when
the first settled Missionary was appointed to the parish.
In this work of devotion he served about twenty years,
without any financial reward, a service occasionally
shared with Col. Robt. Nelles, Mr. Crooks and others.
That Mr. Pettit was a saintly man is attested by the
following extract from the Pettit family records:
"The present stone church was in course of erection
at the time of Andrew's death in 1819, and at the time of
its consecration it was unanimous that it should be called
'St. Andrew's Church' in memory of his name. He was
always churchwarden, he was township clerk and collector
from the commencement of the laws to regulate public
matters to the time of his death, without accepting any
remuneration; for many years all differences in the neigh-
borhood were refrered to him (for his judgment) which
was always respected, and (his decision) obeyed, (thus he)
effectually conserved the peace, though not officially; he
prospered in worldy matters, was charitable to the poor
and a liberal supporter of the church. His dearest privi-
leges were to be a member of the Church of England, and a
subject of the British Crown."
For occasions such as are noted in this extract, he
became widely known in the community as "Judge Pettit."
In those early times, when no visiting clergyman was
available, the marriage ceremony was sometimes per-
formed under the authority of the civil law by Col. Robt.
Nelles, who was Justice of the Peace. The room in the
old stone mansion, built in 1798, now occupied by his
grand daughter Mrs. A. Rutherford, in which the ceremony
was sometimes performed, is still to be seen.
Chapter III. THE LOG CHURCH.
The Church of England at Grimsby, having been in
three different Dioceses, ranks among the oldest in Ontario,
being preceded by the old Mowhak church on the Grand
s antrf* 1
? msm^ JivL
*ij(T 'L 'Sw ^^ -^STX <^Ti_ J '
The Parish Hall
River which was built in 1786; by the Indian Church at
Deseronto (1788); and by S.George's, Kingston, now the
Cathedral, which was completed in 1792.*
* Dr. Stuart had St. George's, Kingston, finished in
1792. In it Lieu.-Governor Simcoe was sworn into office
in July, 1792. This was the first St. George's. (A. II.
Young, Trinity Coll., Toronto.)
The old Log Church at Grimsby was built in 1794,
by those faithful loyalists who had settled in this vicinity
about ten years previously. At first it seemed that this
date was traditional only, but after much research, proofs
have appeared from unexpected sources. In an old book
of records left by his grandfather,, Mr. Cooper John Smith,
Mr. Murray Smith has found some details of the building
of the Log Church in the year 1794, with the names of
those persons who contributed time and labor toward it;
also Mr. E. M. Chadwick, of Toronto, writes that "Col.
Robt. Nelles gave the land at Grimsby on which a small
Log Church was erected in 1794."
The first visiting Missionary to Grimsby was the
Rev. Robt. Addison, who had been sent out from England
by the S. P. G. in 1792, to make his headquarters at New-
ark (now Niagara) because in that year that town was
made the capital of Upper Canada. From that date
services were held for some years in the Hall of the Free-
masons, and it has been inferred that the old St. Mark's
dates from the same year. However, Miss Carnochan,
President of the Niagara Historical Society, writes "The
first St. Marks was not finished until 1810, though service
was held in it in 1809."
In those early colonial days travel throughout this
district was very difficult and yet Mr. Addison made fre-
quent visits among his people, evidently coming to
Grimsby, some forty miles distant, three or four times a
year for the observance of the Sacrament in the old Log
In St. Marks Register, the earliest reference to Forty
Mile Creek is Feb. 2, 1793, when Rev. R. Addison bap-
tized six, among them Sarah wife of John Pettit;
Henry Nelles, son of Robert and Elizabeth Pettit; and
Nancy and Hannah, daughters of John and Mary Green.
In 1894 there are three baptisms from "Forty Mile
Creek," two of them of the name of Nelles. In 1806 there
are sixteen, among them the names of Nelles, Ball, Muir,
and Hixon. In 1807 one, in 1808 sixteen, in 1809 six,
in 1810 eight, in 1811 four, in 1812 fourteen, in 1814 two
and in 1815 eight.
Of the other old churches of the diocese of Quebec,
which until the year 1839 included the parish of Grimsby,
it may be interesting to note the following statements:
The Rev. T. J. Stiles, Rector at Cornwall, writes: "The
Rev. John Strachan, afterward First Bishop of Toronto,
was rector of Cornwall in 1803 and it was at this time that
the first church (here) was built, although the ministra-
tions of the Church of England were given by the first
bishop of Quebec, Dr. J. Mountain, as far back as 1787."
The Church, Parish Hall and Rectory
The Rev. C. E. Belt, rector of Ancaster, writes, "The
first resident minister of the Church of England here, sent
by the S. P. G., arrived in 1816. The first church building
was a frame one, built in 1824. It was a Union Church.
We bought out the others and it was consecrated in 1830
by the Bishop of Quebec. This church was burnt in 1868
and the present substantial stone church erected on the
Chapter IV. THE FRAME CHURCH.
The second church at Grimsby, a frame one, was
built by subscription. It was completed in the year 1804.
According to Mr. A. H. Pettit, grandson of Andrew Pettit,
Senior, this church stood in the southwest corner of the
present burial ground fronting somewhere near his family
It is difficult to find original manuscripts giving au-
thentic data concerning events more than one hundred
years past, but fortunately among those papers found in
his attic by Mr. Murray Smith are some of great value to
us. His grandfather was a loyalist and a churchman, and
apparently treasurer for the trustees during the building.
Among these papers we find the old subscription list
with names of the donors and the amounts given by each.
It is dated April 11, 1803.
The list comprises thirty-seven names and the sums
contributed amounted to about One Hundred and Eighty
In this subscription list we find the following names:
Robert Nelles, Jonathan Woolverton, Allan Nixon,
Andrew Muir, John Pettit, Andrew Pettit, Pierce Moore,
John Moore, John Smith, William Kitchen, Jonathan
Muir, Gershom Carpenter, Alexander Carpenter, Levi
Lewis, Hugh Wilson, Samuel McLean, John Lewis, Ralph
Walker, William Lawrece, Paul Marlatt, Charles Pettit,
William Nelles, Abraham Nelles, William and James
Crooks, Richard Beasley, John C. Pettit, Daniel Palmer,
William Herrington, Peter Hare, Cyrus Sumner, Jacob
Beam, Jr., John Teetzel, Benjamin Wilcox, William Car-
penter, William Walker, William Moore.
The accounts of the building were passed July 7th,
1804, at a meeting of the trustees at the house of Col.
Robt. Nelles, and at a second meeting October 6th, 1804,
as is shown in the following minutes preserved in an old
Minute Book, which had been kept by Mr. John Smith,
sometimes known as Cooper John, now in the hands of his
grandson, Murray Smith.
"Statement and Memoranda respecting the building
of the Church in Grimsby.
July 7, 1804. To William Kitchen, William Moore,
and William Martin, original undertakers to build the
church in part (as per contract) and who only put up the
frame, covered the roof, weather boarded the gable ends,
and put in three window frames, it was agreed by the
trustees to allow the sum of twenty pounds, New York
currency, in the following manner, to wit:
To William Kitchen 5
To William Moore 10
To William Martin 4 12
"at the same time settled with Henry Shook and Bastiam
Symmonds, and allowed and paid them for performing
their contract in work on
the church 27
also forty shillings for additional work .... 2
October 6th, 1804 Trustees of the church met at Robt.
Nelles's and settled with Wm. Herrington, and allowed
for work done at the Church 30 3 6
Also allowed and paid Absolam Wilcox for building
the chimney and finding himself 8 18
Also allowed and paid Nicholas Phillips
for tending the Mason and finding himself 4 19 10
26 Feb. 1805, Settled with William Herring-
ton and allowed him for four days' work 1 16
26 May, 1804, Lime for Church 5
Surveying the Church lot 12
In addition to the above records another old account
book of John Smith's was discovered, which was begun in
1799, and which contained the following personal accounts:
The Frame Church to Cooper John Smith, Dr.
May 23, 1803, To working at the Meeting house
with myself, three boys and team, one day 10
To myself, hewing rafters 4
To self and two boys and team at raising the
To drawing shingles 10
To 4,000 shingles 14
To one trip to Niagara 10
To one trip to York 1 10
To Joseph working at the Meeting house ten days 2 10
April 4, 1804, To drawing boards from Beamer's
April 5, To drawing boards from Beamer's and
from Nelles's mills 12
April 9, 1804, To drawing boards from Nelles'
mill, myself and boy 10
May 22, To working at the Meeting house, my-
self and two boys with oxen 10
May 26, To work with three hands and team ... 10
May 28, To drawing boards from the kiln 8
June 1, To one day's work 5
June 16, To drawing stone, my team and two
June 16, To cash paid to Shook 10
August 14, To six days to Niagara and expenses 2
Sept. 18. To parts of two days drawing stone
and lime... 12
Sept. 25, To drawing boards from Beamer's mill 5
Dec. 18, To cash paid for a large Bible for the
use of the Church 1 12
To cash paid for wine for the Communion 3
April 14, 1805, To cash paid for wine for the Com-
The Congregation Cr.
May 2, 1804, By Cash 10 5
May 2, 1804, By Cash 10 5
Sept. 2, 1804, By Cash. 1 3
Nov. 15, By Cash 12 6
April 14, 1805, By Cash at the Communion 18 6
These dates correspond with records by the Rev. Robt.
Addison of his visits to Grimsby. Apparently there were
more communicants at Grimsby than at Niagara, for in his
entry dated January 14, 1809, he mentions eighteen at
40 Mile Creek and twelve at Niagara.
Chapter V. THE REV. WILLIAM SAMPSON.
It was not until the year 1817 that a minister was
settled with the church at Geimsby. In October, 1816,
in response to a memorial asking for a minister, Bishop
Jacob Mountain, of Quebec, replied to Mr. Abraham Nelles
"I have by no means, I assure you, lost sight of the appli-
cation made to me by yourself and the respectable gentle-
men acting with you in the Memorial which you addressed
to me on the subject of obtaining a clergyman of the Church
of England, to be established among you. I had resaon
to expect two clergymen from England this .summer
whom it was my wish to place at Ancaster and Grimsby;
one only has come out, who has been fixed at Ancaster;
and you may rest assured that I will use every effort in my
power to procure a like advantage for you."
At last, after years of patient waiting, on the part of
the church people of Grimsby, the first settled clergyman
was sent in the person of the Rev. William Sampson.
Among a large number of old letters and manuscripts
preserved by Mrs. S. A. Nelles we have found the original
of a subscription list toward the support of Mr. Sampson,
containing the autograph signatures of twenty-nine per-
sons, with sums amounting to about $100. It reads as
"Whereas the Protestant Episcopal Church of the
United Kingdom has been pleased to send us a minister of
the church to be resident among us for the purpose of
propagating the gospel, and the salary allowed being in-
adequate to the support thereof; And to the end that so
goodly a beginning may not wither in the bud; And in the
hope that all christians will cheerfully unite in supporting
same; Therefore we whose names are hereto subscribed
do promise to pay to the trustees of said church towards
- **- iIhPis
'*""'"* : 'H
The Rev. William Sampson
its support, for one year, the several sums opposite our
respective names, in money, or wheat at the market price
delivered at the mill of Robert Nelles or William Crooks
The following is a list of the subscribers:
John Pettit, Andrew Pettit, William Crooks, William
Nelles, Henry Nelles, John Brackenridge, A. Nelles, Robt.
Nelles, Andrew Pettit, Jr., Isaac Smith, John Pettit, Jr.,
Pierce Moore, James Milmine, Andrew Muir, George Ball,
John Coon, Jonathan A. Pettit, Gershom Carpenter,
John C. Pettit, Samuel Canada, L. Buscark, John S.
Pettit, Robert Nixon, William Nixon, Lewis Whitney,
John Moore, Valentine Ward, John Barnes.
The Rev. William Sampson was the eldest son of the
Rev. Dr. Sampson, of Wandsworth, England, where he
was born October 4th, 1790. He was therefore a young
man of twenty-seven when appointed to Grimsby. He
at once began to keep the parish records of Births, Mar-
riages and Deaths, but unfortunately any such records
kept previous to the year 1817 cannot be found. The
first entry in the book of marriages reads as follows: "Wil-
liam Sampson of the township of Grimsby, bachelor, and
Maria Eliza Nelles of the same place, spinster, were mar-
ried on the 21st day of August, 1817, by the Rev. Robt.
Addison, minister of Niagara."
The church wardens at this time were William Nelles
and Andrew Pettit.
In his register we find that over one hundred bap-
tisms were performed by him during his five years of
service, the last being dated March 13, 1822. During
that period we also find forty-seven marriages registered
and nineteen funerals.
On April 30th, 1822, we find the registration of his
own burial, the service being conducted by the Rev. Wm.
Leeming, of Chippawa. His death was caused by the
accidental discharge of his gun when out hunting. This
sad accident closed the record of a most useful life at the
early age of thrity-two. He was interred in the church
yard where his grave is marked by a suitable stone.
Just here it may be of interest to note that in the year
1820 there were only sixteen clergymen of the Church of
England in Upper Canada * and of this number five were
in the Niagara District: R. Leeming, Ancaster; Robert
Addison, Niagara; Wm. Leeming Chippawa; William
Sampson, Grimsby; and A. Stevens, Queenston.
* Vide Bishops of the Church of England in Canada
and Newfoundland by Rev. Dr. Mockridge.
Chapter VI. THE STONE CHURCH.
The records of the Pettit family show that the present
stone church was in process of erection at the time of
Andrew Pettit's death which occurred in the month of
May, 1819. The constuction must have occupied a long
time, for it was not completed until 1823.
In the year 1822 the Rev. George J. Mountain, of
Quebec, son of Bishop Jacob Mountain, and his assistant,
wrote as follows to Mr. Abraham Nelles*: "Dear Sir:
The Bishop, who has gone down to Kamouraska for change
of air, on account of his health, left instructions with me
before his departure to write you and inform you that he
cannot feel himself justified in taking any steps for supply-
ing the place of the late Mr. Sampson at Grimsby until
the deed shall be duly executed for the conveyance of the
church ground and the burial ground, nor yet in fixing
* Original preserved by Mrs. S. A. Nelles.
a clergyman at that mission till he is assured by some of
the principal inhabitants under their hands that a parson-
age house shall be bona fide provided as soon as circum-
stances render it practicable to erect one," etc.
That the Stone church was nearly completed in the
year 1822 is evidenced by a letter* from the Rev. Charles
J. Stewart, afterward the Second Bishop of Quebec, dated
York, Aug. 29, 1822, and addressed to Mr. Abraham Nelles
from which we quote the following abstract": "I regret
to hear that the persons appointed to examine and settle
the accounts of the church have not done so. They ought
to come to a conclusion on the subject to the best of their
judgment. I saw Mr. Henry JNelles on Saturday last in
the steamboat. . . . He was inclined to say that his father
will give a deed without waiting for the settlement of the
accounts; and I suggested that he might give it to a third
person, in trust, till the conditions of settling the accounts
be performed, and satisfaction afforded. It is earnestly
desired that the finishing of the church go on without
* Originals of this and other letters quoted are with Mrs. S.
A. Nelles, Grimsby.
THE REV. ALEXANDER NEIL BETHUNE
The conditions being satisfactorily arranged at
Grimsby concerning the completion of the church and the
providing of a house, the Rev. A. N. Bethuen was ap-
pointed to Grimsby toward the end of the year 1823. He
was born at Williamstown, Glengarry County, Upper
Canada (now Ontario) in the year 1800, and was the son of
a U. E. Loyalist who came to Canada in the year 1783.
When a boy he was sent to school at Cornwall to the Rev.
John Strachan, afterward Bishop of Toronto. In 1812
Dr. Strachan was appointed Rector of York (now Toronto)
and opened a Grammar School there, and in 1821 Mr.
Bethune joined him as assistant master and student in
Divinity. In 1823 he was ordained Deacon, and in 1824
Priest, by Dr. Jacob Mountain, and appointed incumbent
of Grimsby. * Here he married Jane Eliza, eldest daughter
of the Hon. James Crooks, of West Flamboro.
On coming to Grimsby he was the bearer of the fol-
lowing letter from his friend and instructor, the Rev. John
Strachan, addressed to Mr. Abraham Nelles: "York, 15
Sept., 1823. My dear Sir: The bearer of this, the Rev.
Alexander Bethune, comes on my particular recommenda-
tion to supply the place of your lamented son-in-law, and
I have told him that he will find in you one of the chief
supporters of the church. The more you know of Mr.
Bethune, the more I am persuaded you will like him.
He comes with the determination to promote peace and
harmony in the parish, and to do his duty to the utmost of
his ability; and, as he possesses good talents, great
modesty and worth, I am persuaded it will not be his fault
if he do not succeed."
* Vide Dr. Mockridge's History of the Bishops.
It is, however, necessary that he should possess the
countenance and assistance of his more respectable parish-
ioners, and I am sure that in recommending him to your
kind attentions I am conferring upon you as upon him an
advantage that will not soon be forgotten.
I am, dear sir, yours sincerely,
In the interim between the death of Rev. Wm. Samp-
son in April, 1822 and the arrival of the Rev. A. N.
Bethune in December, 1823, it would appear that the
services were often read by laymen of the church, For
example, in the Records of Burials we read that in May,
1823, Sarah Carpenter, of Saltfleet, was buried and the
service was read by one of the members of the congrega-
tion, Mr. Hugh Wilson.
During their stay in Grimsby Mr. and Mrs. Bethune
occupied the house then called "The Cottage," since en-
larged and now owned and occupied by Mrs. B. R. Nelles.
This house and five acres of land were provided at that
time for a rental of 25 per annum.
On the 2nd day of January, 1824, almost immediately
after Mr. Bethune 's arrival the deed* of the church site
and burial ground was "executed by Col. Robert Nelles
and his wife, Maria Nelles, to Rev. A. N. Bethune, clerk
in orders, and William Nelles and John Pettit, church
wardens in trust for the Right Reverend Jacob, Lord
Bishop of Quebec, and his successors," etc., etc.
The Rev. Alexander Neil Bethune
Among some very old papers of his we also find the
following which is additional proof of the date of the com-
pleteion of the church, viz.: "Received from A. Nelles,
Esq., the sum of Thirty Dollars, in all, towards his sub-
scription for finishing the Stone church, this 11th day of
* A Memorial of this deed was registered at Saint Cathar-
ines on the 14th day of July, 1842.
For another important date in the history of the Stone
church the writer is indebted to Prof. Young, of Trinity
College, who writes that he finds in the S. P. G. records
about Grimsby, "Church consecrated July 27th, 1828,
by the name of Saint Andrews."
Just here the following entries in the church register
in Mr. Bethune's own handwriting are of interest:
"On Sunday, 26 March, 1826, Easter, there were
twenty -two communicants."
"On Christmas Day, 25 Dec, 1826, there were seven-
"On Sunday, 22nd April, 1827, at St. Catharines, there
were seven communicants."
"On Sunday the 3rd of June, 1827, the Holy Sacra-
ment having been administered at St. Catharines, there
were eight communicants."
"On Sunday, June 17th, 1827, there were at Grimsby
It was in this same year that Mr. Bethnune was ap-
pointed Rector of Cobourg, at which place he remained
for many years.
During the four years of his incumbency of the parish
of Grimsby, we find from the records that the Rev. A. N.
Bethune baptized one hundred and thirty-five persons,
married forty couples and buried twenty-five persons.
REV. GEORGE ROBERT FIELD GROUT.
Mr. Bethune was succeeded at Grimsby by the Rev.
G. R. F. Grant in the year 1827. Among the interesting
old letters preserved by Mrs. Nelles we have found the
following letter of introduction from the Rev. Salter J.
Mountain, nephew of the Bishop of Quebec, addressed to
?The Rev. George R. F. Grout
Mr. Abraham Nelles and dated Cornwall, 2 July, 1827:
"I beg leave to introduce to you the Rev. Mr. Grout who
has been appointed to succeed the Rev. Mr. Bethune at
Grimsby, and a very worthy successor to him you will
find him as well as a great acquisition to you. ... I had
once only the pleasure of seeing you eleven years ago. . . .
I was most hospitably entertained at jour house on my,
way up to Sandwich with the late Lord Bishop of Quebec
on his visitation, and on my return homeward in the sum-
mer of 1816". . . . etc., etc.
Mr. Grout was born in the City of Quebec in the year
1804. A young man of twenty-three, he was appointed
to the Church at Grimsby by the Rev. Dr. C. J. Stewart,
having been first ordained a Deacon. This appointment
was at first made temporarily, but so faithfully did he per-
form the duties of his office that the Bishop permitted him
to remain, and after two years he was ordained priest.
On the 14th January, 1829, Mr. Grout was married
at Montreal to Miss Walker of that city. The journey
from Grimsby to Montreal, via Newark (now Niagara)
and lake Ontario occupied a week each way in those days,
but so devoted was he to his church that he was only ab-
sent one Sunday from Service.
At this time the church wardens were William Nelles
and Jonathan A. Pettit. The church was an oblong stone
structire lacking the present chancel. There was a gallery
over the south end under the west part of which was the
In the year 1830 a bell was purchased from Troy, N.
Y., and suitably placed in the belfrey. It's sweet tones
have ever since continued to invite the faithful parish-
ioners of Grimsby to the worship of God.
During the first years of their married life, Mr. and
Mrs. Grout occupied "the Cottage" previously mentioned,
but about the year 1832 they removed to that house nearly
opposite the church, which had been built by Mr. John
Grout, the father of the rector, for his son George. This
house was strongly built with solid stone walls plastered
over the stones on the exterior, and is an interesting struc-
ture because it is so well built, and is so good an example
of the colonial architecture of the early part of the nine-
It was about this time that the struggle arose about
the clergy reserves. Act 31, George III. had set aside one
seventh of the land for the maintenance of the Church.
When the distribution of the resultant fund was arranged,
some parishes failed to comply with the necessary pre-
liminaries, and so lost their portion of the endowment.
Among those rectories which obtained their glebe lands in
1836 we find that Grimsby was one.
Mr. Grout's faithful labors at Grimsby covered a
period of twenty-two years, duting which time the brief
records available indicate constant progress ; and no better
tribute to his memory is nededed than the following in-
scription on his tombstone, which stands in the church-
yard at St. Andrews:
"In Memory of Rev. George Robert Field Grout, a
native of Quebec, lower Canada, and Rector of this parish
for the space of twenty -two years, during which lengthened
period he labored faithfully and zealously, being friend
and adviser of old and young.
He died May 29, 1849, aged forty-five years.
This monument was erected by his attached parish-
ioners, as a token of affection for one they loved."
THE REV. FRANCIS JAMES LUNDY, D.C.L.
In the month of June, 1849, the Rev. F. J. Lundy was
appointed to Grimsby. He was a graduate of Oxford
University, England, with the degree of D.C.L. , a highly
educated scholar and an able preacher.
At his first Vestry meeting, held on the 18th of the
said month, the following persons were present: Andrew
Pettit, E. and P. Gurney, Peter B. Nelles, Adolphus Nelles,
John Nixon, Thos. Bingle, Robert Nixon, John Pettit, Jr.,
Robert Nixon, Jr., Walter Summer, John McLean, Chas.
Nelles, Hugo Grout, William Nelles, Jonathan A. Pettit,
Wm. Nixon, John C. Pettit, Jonathan A. Pettit, and Jas.
At this meeting it was "Resolved that the rents aris-
ing from the pews be applied to the payments of the
Rector's stipend, and that the defincieny be made up by
taxing the members of the Church on their property ac-
cording to the last assessment roll."
The Rev. Francis J. Lundy
At the next meeting, however, the part of this resolu-
tion referring to the assessment roll was rescinded and the
pew rents fixed as follows: "those in the aisles at one
pound per annum and those in the centre at one pound
five shillings, Halifax currency per annum."
A resolution passed Easter Monday, 1863, specifies
"that the price of sittings be one dollar per annum, but
that not less than one entire pew shall be leased to any
one individual." In those days each pew was entered by
a door, which could be fastened shut to exclude trespassers.
The provision of a rectory had been long debated and
many plans proposed, but nothing definite decided upon
until December, 1852, when the large house adjoining the
church .yard on the west, then belonging to Mr. Udell was
purchased for the purpose, for the sum of four hundred and
fifty pounds. *
* The greater part of this amount was received from the
Grand Trunk Railway Co., for two acres for the depot,
etc., land originally given the Church by Mr. William
In the year 1850 a handsome quarto Bible was dona-
ted the Church by the Church Society and a large prayer
book by the Lord Bishop.
At a Vestry meeting on the ninth of June, 1850, it was
resolved "that the Rector be requested to remove from
the altar the candlesticks which he had presented to the
Church," and on December the first it was "unanimously
agreed that the pulpit be taken down and the font placed
where the pulpit was standing, under the direction of the
In 1856 a committee was appointed to collect money
for the purchase of an organ and to this fund some sub-
scriptions were made by friends in both Hamilton and St.
Catharines. In the year following an organ was placed
in the church by certain members of the vestry, before a
proper amount was subscribed, which led to some legal
proceedings; but in April, 1863, the committee reported
the organ fully paid for, recommended the sale of the old
organ and the proceeds applied to the repairs and painting
of the new organ, and the building of an extension for its
reception, all of which was agreed upon.
In 1863 a set of by-laws governing the rents of pews
and the sale of lots in the church yard ,etc, were prepared
by the rector and wardens, among which we note that "no
lots were to be sold to any person not a member of the
Episcopal Church, and that no minister of religion, except
that of the Episcopal Church of England, Ireland, Scot-
land or of the United States shall officiate in the church
or church yard at any funeral whether by way of prayer,
sermon, or exhortation."
In 1864 the Wardens, Messrs. W. F. Biggar and
Conrad Durham, reported that they had removed the
doors from the pews in accordance with a resolution of the
vestry, which "improvement, together with the matting
furnished by the rector for the aisles, has added to the ap-
pearance of the church and to the comfort of the Congre-
gation." That they had placed the old organ in the hands
of a dealer in Hamilton who agreed to give them fifty
dollars for it as soon as sold; that they regretted the loss of
the "services as organist of Miss Louisa Lundy services
which she had most efficiently rendered gratuitously for
more than five years; and that the arrears due on the
rector's stipend now amounted to three thousand dollars
and that some means should be devised of settling this
About this time a curate * was employed in the person
of a Mr. Benedict. He preached his first sermon April
9th, 1865, and hs last January 21, 1866. During six
months following a Mr. Stimpson served.
On the 9th of March, 1867, Dr. Lundy retired from
the cure of this parish. His death occurred two years
later of apoplexy while conducting a service in New York
City. He was buried at Newburg on the Hudson.
At a Vestry meeting in April, 1868, a resolution was
passed of "Sincere sympathy and condolence twith Mrs.
Lundy and the family in this heavy affliction."
* Notes by Mr. Jonathan Muir.
Chapter X. REV. T. BOLTON READ, D.D.
In the year 1867 the Rev. Dr. Read was appointed to
Grimsby. He* was born in London, England, about the
year 1817. He received this theologiacl training at Mr.
Bethune's school at Cobourg, and through it secured his
degree of D..D from Cambridge. His first appointment
was to Port Bur well; from there he removed to Orillia,
which he gave up to collect for the Episcopal Endowment
Fund of the Diocese of Toronto, living at Weston. He
was nest appointed to Thorold from which parish he re-
moved to Grimsby.
According to the minutes, the Rev. Dr. Read pre-
sided over the vestry for the first time on Easter Monday j
April, 1867. At this meeting there were present thirty-
two qualified members. One of the first resolutions was
The Rev. T. Bolton Read
that a committee be appointed consisting of the rector,
the church wardens (Dennis Nixon and T. C; Brown
John) and Messrs.
* For these particulars of Dr. Read's early life we are in-
debted to his grandson, the Rev. Walter Creighton, of
A. H. Pettit and Doctor Fitch to examine into the state
of the rectory and ascertain what repairs are required.
These being attended to, other improvements quickly
followed, among which we make mention of the more im-
The repair of the church spire (1867).
The adoption of the envelope system as a means of
obtaining funds to priovde for the income of the church
The acceptance of the offer of the Rev. Abraham
Nelles to take property belonging to the church in the
township of Uxbridge, originally donated by Mr. William
Nelles, in exchange for the farm which he owned adjoining
the church (1869).
The abolishment of the system of pew rents * and all
seats made free (1870).
* Notes preserved by Mrs. Aikman.
The building of the chancel (1871). This work was
begun in April, and the opening was September 10th, with
a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Worrell. *
The repair of the fences about the church yard (1873).
The procuring of a new pulpit by a committee con-
sisting of the Rector, Wardens and the Ladies' Aid Society.
The purchase of an organ from Mr. Warren, of Tor-
onto, for $650, an allowance of $200 being made for the
old one; and the building of an extension for its occupation,
and in April, 1881, it was reported to the Vestry that the
cost of the organ and the extension had been paid in full.
The aceptance of the kind offer of the Ladies' Aid
Society to assist in the decoration of the interior of the
During the ten years from 1873 to 1883 the faithful
and efficient services of Miss Mariah Nelles (now Mrs.
Rutherford) as organist were repaid only by an annual vote
of thanks. In association with Miss Kate Alexander (now
Mrs. Kenneth Grout) Miss Nelles continued her services
until 1894. During these years these ladies were allowed
a small amount each year as a token of appreciation.
At a special meeting of the Vestry in January, 1885,
a letter was read from the Rev. Dr. Read asking that he be
granted the privilege of purchasing "a small lot from the
south east corner of the church grounds for the purpose of
erecting a cottage."
After much discussion, the request was finally granted
and a lot 70 feet frontage and 156 deep sold to the Doctor
At the annual Vestry meeting in April, 1887 the ac-
tion of the Wardens was approved, informing the rector
that the subscription list had been so increased as to make
the rector's stipend $600 per annum instead of $400 in
order to eable him to engage an assistant. In 1888 the
amount was increased to $700 by vote of the Vestry.
The Rev. Thomas Motherweell was the assistant to
Dr. Read for the year 1888 and 1889 to the ssatisfaction of
all concerned as is shown by the minutes of 1890 which
records the "great appreciation of the services rendered
the parish" by him. From Grimsby he was appointed by
the Bishop to the charge of the pasirh of Dunnville.
He was succeeded by the Rev. Octavias Edgelow,
who served during the year 1890. The Wardens' report
of Easter Monday, 1891, gives expression to their "regret
at the loss of the services of the recotr's faithful and earnest
In the year 1890 St. Mark's Church at Grimsby
Centre was built.
Among the donations to St. Andrew's church about
this time we notice the alms plates presented by the Ladies'
Aid Society; the frontal for the lectern by Miss Lilian
Nelles; and the chalice and paten for the Holy Commun-
on by Miss Ida Nelles and the Rev. Dr. Read.
At the Vestry meeting on Easter Monday, 1891, the
Wardens made their first printed report for distribution.
In this they drew attention to the furnishing of the
"church and chancel with a neat and modern design of
seats, the new carpet on the floor of the chancel, the im-
proved lighting with new lamps and shades, and other
incidental improvements," costing about $600, and mostly
paid for by the Women's Auxiliary and the Young Ladies'
In this report the Wardens also give expression to
their sincere sympathy with the Rector and his family
over the sudden death of Mrs. Read.
One year later the Doctor himself was called away,
having been rector for twenty-five years. He was pos-
sessed of rare ability in conducting the affairs of the parish
and was much beloved by his people. He died September
8th, 1892, at the age of seventy-six; and some years later
a window was put in the church to his memory.
During Dr. Read's illness the Rev. Cornelius Scuda-
more served as curate.
Chapter XL THE REV. C. RUSSELL LEE, M.A.
In October, 1892, the Rev. C. R. Lee was appointed
Rector of the parish. He was a graduate of Trinity Col-
lege, Toronto, where he had been granted the degree of
Master of Arts.
On his settlement, the Vestry agreed to make his
stipend $500 per annnum, and to carefully look after
certain necessary repairs to the rectory, as advised by Dr.
In April, 1899 the thanks of the Vestry was tendered
the ladies who had decorated the church during the pre-
In 1895 the organist of the church was Mrs. G. C.
Pettit, who has continued to render most faithful and
valuable service to the time of writing this history. The
Vestry showed its appreciation in April, 1896 by voting
her the sum of $30 for the previous year, and her salary
has since been considerably increased.
At a meeting of the congregation held on the 23rd day
of January, 1905, and presided over the the third Bishop
of Niagara, the Rev. Dr. J. P. Dumoulin, a proposal was
made by the Rev. C. R. Lee in which he agreed to retire
from all active duties of this parish upon certain conditions.
The proposal was afterwards accepted at a Vestry meeting
held on the 6th of February, 1905.
His death occurred in the year 1910.
Mr. Lee was a man of sonsiderable ability and posses-
sed of a kind and generous disposition. His frequent
benefactions to those in need were private, and never done
in a spirit of ostentation.
Chapter XI. THE REV. J. ALLAN BALLARD.
Upon the retirement of the Rev. C. R. Lee from active
duty as rector of the parish, in February, 1905, the Rev.
J. Allan Ballard was appointed Vicar. He was a native of
Burford, in the County of Brant, Ontario, where he began
his studies. Thence he proceeded to Upper Canada Col-
lege and thence to Trinity where he graduated in Theology
This appointment has proved a happy one. Mr.
Ballard soon gained the loving esteem of his people which
united all discordant elements. Although of so-called
High Church training, he was in no way an extremist,
seeking above all else those things leading most to the
glory of God, and to the spiritual upbuilding of God's
people in His church.
The Rev. C. Russell Lee
The unity resulting from these conditions made it
easy for the church to make progress both temporally and
spiritually, and among other evidences of this we note the
The old gallery in the south end of the church was
removed because considered unsafe when over crowded
The sale of the old rectory and grounds attached for
$1,050 and the proceeds set aside toward a new one (1905)
The building of a new rectory upon the church rect-
ory-farm land lying immediately east of the stone church
at a cost of $4,500 (1906).
The taking down of the dilapidated stone wall in
front of the church yard, and the replacing of it with a sub-
stantial iron fence made of heavy piping painted black
(1906). The stones were utilized in the foundation of the
The decoration of the whole interior of the Church at
a cost of about $380, by St. Mary's Guild (1905).
The general improvement of the church yard and
burial ground, the levelling of the graves, thus permitting
the use of the lawn mower over the whole (1907).
The sale of the church farm and the proceeds placed
in the hands of the Synod for investment (1907-1908).
The erection of a beautiful and commodious parish
hall by St. Mary's Guild, at a cost of $7,000 (1910).
The excavation of the basement under the chancel of
the church in such a manner as to afford three commodious
muster rooms for the accommodation of a vested choir.
(1913). This creditable work was chiefly due to enter-
prize of Mr. R. J. Snetsinger; assisted by Mr. J. W. Unwin.
The vesting' of the Choir on Advent Suday, 1913,
The addition of a handsome oak altar and reredos
with panels, the gift of Dr. Theoron Woolverton.
An oak faldstool, the gift of Mr. Hamilton Pettit,
commemorating his golden wedding.
An exquisitely crochet altar frontlet, the work and
gift of Mrs. Margaret Taylor.
The maintenance of a fund for the permanent care
and decoration of the church yard to which parishioners
are invited to make bequests.
In addition to the above notes, the following donations
should not be overlooked, viz. :
A stained glass window by Mr. George Pettit.
The brass altar rail and standards by the Misses
The brass lectern by Mrs. George Pettit (1906).
The pulpit by Mr. P. H. Gamble (1906).
The sedilia by Mr. D. Christie (1908).
The altar cross and vases by Miss Woolverton (1906-
Tablets: one by Dt. T. Woolverton; one by Miss N.
and Mr. Frank Woolverton; and one by the congregation
in memory of William Barnes, who was killed March 1st,
1912, while in discharge of his duties as sexton.
Dating from 1794, St. Andrew's Church, Grimsby, has
a long and interesting history of about one hundred and
twenty years. The present stone structure, completed in
1824, and built after the quaint old New England style of
architecture, is an heirloom of which the present members
may feel fustly proud. Situated in a beautiful spot be-
tween the mountain and the lake, with picturesque sur-
roundings of orchard and forest, she is an object of interest
to all visitors. May she long continue to command the
affectionate regard of a devoted people.
On May 10th, 1914, Mr.Linus Woolverton passed in-
to the life beyond before the data and records which his
untiring activities had accumulated, were handed over to
the printer. Shortly after his demise his son, Ernest, en-
trusted the manuscript to me and I have withheld its
publication for S. Andrew's Centenary Jubilee.
The years were all too few in which Mr. Woolverton
was identified with the congregational life of S. Andrew's
church. His theological reading and deeply religious in-
stincts naturally drew him to the church, and his varied
tastes found satisfaction and greater scope in their wider
opportunity. He soon became a valuable factor in the
parochial life, being Lay-reader, S. S. Superintendent and
Vestry Clerk at the time of his death. He was a leading
spirit in transforming the old chrch-yard from a wilderness
to an acre of God, and the first contributor of a legacy to a
capital account for its future upkeep. His sympathy with
the suggestion that a Lych Gate should some day lend
added beauty to the shaded surroundings of the church en-
trance, prompted a further legacy for this unique gateway
in a Canadian churchyard. Ernest Woolverton assisting
with a generous contribution facilitated the completion
of a graceful memorial to one whose useful days among us
were all too quickly numbered.
In 1913, Miss Woolverton, with her brother, Mr.
Frank Woolverton, of New York, installed to the memory
of their father, Dr. Thoren Woolverton, U.S.N., the front
window in the western side. The portrayal is a favorite
one the Resurrection. The glass is of deep color and
rich in effect, producing, with the sancturay appointments,
given by the same family, a very considerable portion of
the atmosphere of sanctity radiating through S. Andrew's.
Miss Woolverton 's generosity and service infuse all our
1 T ~ '
f -, if
i * 1
Establishment of the church-yard improvement fund
owes much especially to Mr. Kenneth Grout, who with
Mr. George Alexander and Mr. Arthur Ockenden, have
since its inception, andto the appointment of Mr. Andrews;
acted as secretaries.
The northern and easterly corner of the Rectory farm,
sold in 1885, to Dr. Read became alienated from congrega-
tional interest, and was offered for sub-division. Possi-
bilities of such a peril befalling the foremost corner of our
extensive property was happily forestalled by purchsae in
the early spring of 1917. In disposing of the Rectory farm
in 1908, three acres of the best soil adjoining the church
possession were retained, the old apple trees dug out and
the land replanted with peach trees. The corner next the
Parish Hall was levelled and terraced for a bowling greem,
privet hedges planted on street lines and inner divisions,
including the church-yard. The lane, on the eastern
boundary, given from the property, was lifted in the social
scale to an avenue and called S. Andrew's; and a newly
opened street on the north was named Bolton, to perpetu-
ate memory of Dr. Read, to whose friendship with Arch-
deacon Nelles the exchange of the Uxbridge woodland for
the farm, was due.
In 1912 the stable was built, and the caretakers cot-
tage overhauled: new fences were built along boundary
lines and roadways; trees were planted on S. Andrew's Ave-
nue, Bolton Street, and the row of maples on Main Street
continued from the church to the western boundary of
graveyard. A boulevard along S. Andrew's Avenue was*
built up and sieded in 1913. Many roots of Japanese Ivy
have been planted around the foundations of the church
and parish hall, many have died, but the existing vines
give a cared-for and ancient look to the buildings, as well
as beauty. One could wish that the old church at her
centenary were well overlaid with English Ivy making it
look cosy and green in snowy months as in summer.
Japanese Ivy is a graceful hot-weather covering, but it
lacks the venerating effect of English Ivy. All Saint's
Church, Niagara Falls, is an envy in this respect.
Our great maples are the glory of our surroundings,
nor dare we fail to mention the lovely old weeping willows,
thanks many and sincere to the hands of long ago that
planted those trees which uplift the thoughts, and even
soften the sorrows of our day. If members of a single
congregation would in each Spring of their lives plant one
or a few trees to beautify, how much more proud we should
be of our village. Grimsby has been made beautiful by
nature, but not in many spots by man. A return here from
Oakville with its beautifully treed streets leading to the
lake shore, makes Grimsby appear almost commonplace.
Our churchyard with its choicest soil, its lovely views
toward moutain or lake, looks but a poor bare corner when
one returns to it from that beutiful old churchyard of S.
Mark's, Niagara-on-the-Lake. 'Tis the stately elms and
silent pines of the latter which chiefly declare its super-
iority. A look down the long drive, lined by its double
row of acacias which leads to the pretty little white church
at Burlington, resting impressively mid trees in the silent
churchyard, is an invitation to peace and hopeful contem-
plation. These wanderings are not meant to reflect upon
ourselves, but to move someone perchance to plant silmi-
larly. and we shall have no rivals.
Church property in the ideal should be one of the most
beautiful possessions in every village or town. I should
like to see S. Andrew's, Grimsby, made more inspiringly
ideal in all respects than any other parish in the diocese of
Services in the little Parish Church may be described
as bright, devout and varied. These on no two Sundays
of the month are just alike: the first Sunday having Matins
with plain Celebration; the second, an early Celebration,
with Matins and and state prayers at eleven; the third,
a choral Eucharist; fourth, an 8 o. c. Celebration, followed
by Matins and Litany at mid-day; fifth, children's Eu-
charist. This difference should give width of appreciation
and outlook, and eradicate that narrowness of early up-
bringing which thinks but one service tolerable "that to
which I have been accustomed."
From visitors, both lay and clerical, are frequently
heard expressions of the services' uplifting tone. Every
parish, no doubt, has its occasions when certain
services may be regarded as specially impressive. S.
Andrew's, we hope, is not devoid of its goodly portion:
the service of Intercession for the fallen heroes of the great
war was, we think, worthy of a long remembrance.
Roll of Honor :
Volunatry enlistment, to fight off the Teutonic terror
of men identified with the congregation, showed a spirit
not easily rivalled by any community in Canada. One
hundred and thirty names may be seen on the long double
column suspended in the tower-porch, a willing offering
for freedom, and a conferring of much honor upon their
fellow-worshippers. We are heirs to the distinction
primarily from the men of British birth, who came in no
small numbers to this fruit district, in years prior to 1
They showed the native-born boys the way. But our
gallant youths trained from the font in S. Andrew's,
needed restraining rather than leading. It was impossible
to hold at home a boy who had reached the age of sixteen,
for such before the armistice could not be found among
our people. This generation more than upheld the patriotic
traditions of their renowned forbears of the Niagara
peninsula. Mr. Bennett, of Beamsville, tells that years
ago a call-to-arms came while the congregation was as-
sembled in worship, and at the word, men quietly left
their pews and passed out to prepare for a conflict in
defence of their own home hearth:;.
While Mr. Woolverton has referred to organizations,
an added word will not be over-much in speaking of the
original two, which have carried on mission and parochial
interests for many years.
S. Mary's Guild, under the presidency of Mrs. Drope,
has undertaken many difficult projects, entailing consider-
able financial outlay. Their never-ceasing enterprise
cannot be too highly praised. A lasting and proud monu-
ment to their courage is the Parish Hall, the finest and
most picturesque structure in our village, affording facil-
ities for all demands. Indeed, it is too attractive and com-
modious, for embarrassment is sometimes caused through
the desires of non-parochial organizations to enjoy its
alluring accommodation. Steadily the Guild has toiled
and met every obligation of interest and principal, till
the indebtedness on the building is now reduced to less
The Woman's Auxiliary, of more recent creation than
the Guild, yet claiming ancient service, was in early years
fostered by Mrs. Adolphus Pettit. It has a very worthy
and strong record of service rendered, evidencing its faith
and purpose Goodly garments despatched to isolated
northern fields, and moneys sent to far-away lands, cause
unknown peoples to feel through practical touch that
sacrifice and thought of others, which is the very essence
of Christianity. Miss Metcalf and Miss Woolverton hold
office on the Diocesan and Dominion Boards of this far-
One would fain speak of other activities and persons,
all lending valued service in the endless multiplicity of
christian effort. But a word to Sunday School Teachers
and Choir, who throughout succeeding years or generations
of gratuitous service, share the mocks and ingratitude which
become the rewards of most moral self-sacrificing effort.
Your services are appreciated, deeply appreciated by many.
Persist in them with constacy, steadily eliminating any
selfish complacency or ambition known only to yourselves,
while focussing your efforts on the highest opportunities
those services evolve.
S. Andrews, has furthermore long been blessed with
gracious and painstaking wardens, who maintain her
parochial and missionary contributions at a good level,
trebling in late years those of by-gone days, sparing them-
selves no unpleasant effort to collect arrears and supply
To celebrate the approaching centenary, the exact
date of which event (May 19th, 1919) has been conclusively
settled through research made by Mr. Kenneth Grout,
the congregation spontaneously rose in generous effort
to adorn their much beloved House-of-God by beautifying
it with a very handsome oak-panelled ceiling.
So cOvStly an enterprize would at any other time have
been regarded as quite beyond attainment. But sentiment
can open purses and beget activity. In an astonishingly
short time money seemed on the way for this commendable
restoration, brightened by the liberal bequests of Mr.
George F. Little and Miss Alice Grout. Mr. Parsons has
been the active and guiding spirit in this heavy under-
taking; and assisted by his co-warden, Mr. Pottinger, and
a good finance committee, the prospects of a glad fulfil-
ment seem hopefully on the way. We trust its consum-
mation may be a matter of gratification to many worship-
pers in the generations to come.
The Font has manifestly been overlooked by Mr.
Woolverton in his chronicling of interior equipment. This
rotund reminder of life renewed, Dr. Lundy had sent
out to him from England, a seeming labor of sentiment with
a mountain of stone so near. The journey must have
given it a taste for travel, as we read of its moving up and
down the church at intervals according to the doctrinal
disposition of the day It was first placed at the door of
entrance but the people, alarmed by its ecclesiastical
significance there, persuaded Dr. Lundy's successor to
have it placed near the chancel steps, where it could more
readily be watched. Here it remained in innocent utility
till that dangerous high churchman of 1905, often
episcopally reported, again started it on the roll, settling
it in its present position. No charges have been made
against it since its return. But even when not emiting a
dangerous doctrinal savor it seems to have been a medium
of strife between neighbours. For an animus was created
in the heart of Mrs. Grout whose well was frequently
robbed by Dr. Lundy in seasons of drought, and this
great receptacle filled with water, that babies might be
dipped therein, when Baptism by effusion in a dry season,
this outraged Rebecca felt would have been sufficient.
Backward and Forward:
Looking across the generations that have passed, as
described in local rcords, one cannot but perceive the dire
effects of parochial conflict so often pushing its hideous
head above all else. Mr. Woolverton has suppressed much
in the records he had gathered, and wrote soft phraes
where harsher were most in evidence. Candidates for
the ministry decrease alarmingly, and in proportion as
deference to God's name and to public worship wane in
family life. Rarely will a son seek the ministry of service
unless so directed by the parents. In whatsoever parish
you may worship or whomseover may serve you here in
the eras that lie before, do not be among those who one
day adore, and the next abominate everything that the
occupying incumbent attempts or does. Where men can
be found with vision to undertake so daring an enterprise
as to try to serve the many, and mellow the maladies of
mankind, surely the very recklessness of such an idealistic
venture should touch the forbearance of all persons, not to
magnify infirmities but to cover over any want of judg-
ment. Let it be your aim to increase in density the at-
mosphere of charity which emanates from your parish, and
you will upbuild it and your own life as well. For, after
all, love, or the want of it, depicts the bright or dingy
colouring in which a parish-history is really written.
Its products are the only acts worth recording.
May old S. Andrew's have many more happy jubilees;
may her wholesome influences be widely disseminated,
and may the tender affections and ready service which
she has aroused in so many hearts be maintained in the
generations of her children yet to be.
The following interesting additions to the interior
archives are expected at the time of the Jubilee, or shortly
Perpetuating to memory Andrew Pettit. The tablet
will be affixed by the descendants of this staunch patron of
To the memory of Miss Adelaide and Miss Alice
Grout, esteemed and devoted labourers for many years in
To the memory of the boys of Lake Lodge School who
gave their lives for freedom in the great war; boys from
far whose early impressions of reverent public worship
were gathered at S. Andrew's.
A window to be set in near the Font, the subject
design "Christ blessing little children," donated by Mr.
George Endacott, to beautify the church and mark the
year of her Jubilee. t
University of Toronto