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Full text of "The Parochial and Family History of the deanery of Trigg Minor, Cornwall."

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3 1833 00729 9826 






In our history of tliis parish we are met by a difficulty at tlie oi^tset with respect to its name. 
It is not found in Domesday, the whole district having been taxed under Hamotedi (Haniatethy), 
of which great manor we have no doiibt this parish formed a portion. The earliest mention we 
find of a church here is in the time of King Richard I. in whose reign, by an undated deed still 
extant with its seal appendant, printed by Dr. Oliver in Mon. Dioc. Exon. p. 42, the church of 
St. Brewvered de Hamthethi was granted to the ]5riory of TjTvardreth by William Peverell then 
lord of the manor. It is clear, therefore, that this parish, hke St. Mabpi and many others, 
acquired its name from the saint to whom its church was dedicated ; but of the history of St. Bruered 
himself no record appears to have been preserved, and his name is not found in any calendar 
kiaown to us. The alias of " Simonward " applied to this parish is of some antiquity — we find it 
used as early as 1580, and suppose it to be a corruption of St. Breward. Tlie fables published 
by Hals, Tonkin, Lysous, and others on this subject are not deserving of serious notice. 

The benefice is a vicarage in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, and a small 
portion of the rectorial tithes is attached to it. 

This parish is of considerable extent. It is bounded on the north by the parish of Advent, 
from which it is separated by the river Alan. On the east the boundary against St. Clether and 
Alternun is very irregular, following the water-sheds of Brown Willy, Catshole, and Butters Tor, 
which are all witliin the parish. On the south it is bounded by Blisland, from which it is sepa- 
rated by the " de lank " river, which, taking its rise near Lanlavery Rock in St. Clether, and 
flowing between the two mountains of Roughtor and Brown Willy, on the south of Garrah 
becomes the parish boimdary until its waters are received into the Alan below Keybridge ; and 
on the west by St. Tudy and Michaelstow. On this side the Alan forms the boimdary between 
St. Breward and St. Tudy from the junction of the de lank to Wenfordbridge, at wliich place the 
bomidary takes the course of a small brook, and, skirting the Barton of Hengar, within about a 
mile and a half again falls upon the Alan at Gamm-bridge, whence that river becomes the 
boundary between St. Breward and Michaelstow for nearly a mile, when the river diverges from 
the boundary, running parallel with it, but wholly within the parish of Michaelstow, as far as 
that parish extends, when the river again becomes the boundary, to the junction of the Camel. 
4 T 


The parish contains by admeasurement 9,237 acres 3 roods 28 perches subject to the payment 

of tithes. The quantity cultivated is — A. 

Ai-able land 2,413 

Garden and orchard ......... 25 

Woodland ■ . . . . (34 

Pasture 3,948 

Common and waste ......... 2,780 


The moduses and customary payments in lieu of tithes other than of corn and grain wc shall 
treat of hereafter. 

The following table (A) shows the number of inhabited houses and of the population as 
enumerated at the several dates at which the census has been taken within the present century ; 
and Table (B) shows other parochial statistics. As similar particulars were omitted in the 
account given of Blisland and Bodmin they are here added, and we hope to furnish similar details 
in future :— 

Table (A). 

ISOI. ^ 1811. 

... ; IS.. 





513 1 


554 627 




Inhabited Houses .... 


1(10 116 


128 143 

Uninhabited Houses . . . 



■■ : - 


, 1 , 



LaiiJ Tax.t 






Net aiim. 


B. 1 B. 





108 10 

e .5. t!. 
86 2 7J 

£ s. (7. 
66 15 11 

4 1 

7 6 

£ s. d. 
74 16 10 

£ s. d. 1 £ ... d. 

4 5 4 3 18 

£ i. d. 

Bodmin (Bo- 
rough) . . 



140 12 

73 19 3 

354 8 2 



198 11 4 

21 15 8 ' 189 17 

80 13 5 

Bodmin (Pa- 



89 1 

65 17 4 

37 16 3 

53 2 3 

9 16! 1 4 11 

St. Breward . 



113 2 

47 7 



61 13 2 

4 13 4 1 17 1 

1 10 

Ilk this is a clerical cn-or in the additi 
ccly justify the belief in so large a 
iition of 97 is shown in the population 

n. The increase in the number of inhabited houses 
increase of population, and for the following period, 
there is one house fewer, only, occupied. 

t redeemed and exonerated." It may be of interest 



Almost the whole of this parish, except the Lankes and tlie small portion west of the river 
Alan, is situated on a granite formation, and is similar in character to the eastern side of Blisland. 
Within this region are the two loftiest liills in the county, Roughtor 1,296 feet and Brown Willy 
1,380 feet * above the level of the sea. Both are sui-mounted by craggy torrs f of a most wild 
and pictui-esque character, being surrounded, with the exception of a few patches of cultivated 
- land, which within the last few years have considerably increased in number, by moors of a greater 
extent. These moors are now wholly destitute of trees, but in ancient times were to some extent 
clothed with wood, as is testified by the occasional discovery of the trunks of oak trees in the 
bogs. The whole region is very sterile, but the western jmrt of the parish produces good corn 
and pasture. It rests on a peculiar kind of slate described by Dr. Boase as possessing geological 
interest. It may be seen at Penrose, Combe, and other places on the Alan. Dr. Boase describes 
it as a variety of mica slate composed of granular felspar interlaminated with mica. He saj's it 
contains beds of dark purple " felspar rock, very similar to that which abounds in the mining 
districts in the western parts of the county. This micaceous slate gradually passes into a thick 
lamellar rock, which extensively disintegrates, and becomes argillaceous, exactly resembling the 
stone quarried for building at Bodmin. "| 

to add a statement of the amounts collected as subsidies of "tenths"' and "fifteenths" in the several parishes in the 
Deanei7 at the several undermentioned dates. Subsequently to the 8th Edward III. when a taxation was made upon 
all the towns, cities and boroughs by Royal Commissioners, the " tenth " or " fifteenth " became a sum certain, being 
a tenth or fifteenth of the then existing value. After these had been granted by the legislatm-e the inhabitants 
rated themselves. Hence the amount paid in the several parishes in 3rd Rich. II. 4th Hen. V. and Sth Hen. VI. 










Blisland . . 

1 2 1 

3 le 2 8 9 2 

5 19 

St. Minver . 

1 10 6 

3 10 

Bodmin (Parish) . 

3 12 5 5 8 

St. Teath . 

1 14 1 

4 19 

Bodmin (Borough) 

40 36 11 6 

Temple . . 



St. Breward . . 

l' 14 

2 17 

Trevalga . . 

Egloshayle . . 

4 7 4 8' 7 4 



Endellion . 


2 16 12 2 

81 7 10 

St. Tudy . 

l' 5 >J 

3 14 4 

6 2 8 


JIauor of Pen- 

Helland . 


1 18 4 10 10 

10 11 2 

St. Kew . 

1 3 10 

2 12 18 15 10 

10 11 2 

Bui^i'-..cs of Castle 

vent . . i 


1 10 

lintcn-cl . 
Manor. .tTintaocl 

2 16 


BuiLi.-csof Tin- 

St. Mabyu . 

3 1 10 9 5 10 •W 13 

1 6 4 

Michaelstow . 

ISiULM -^-rs of Ca- 

Minster . . . 

l' 18 10 

2 8 4 

lucllni,! . 

. .018 

perseded by the "Land Tax." 
1122, Ganvah, 1060, and Alex-torr 940 feet 

Where blanks are left the returns are missing. These assessments we 

* Several other of the hills are of considerable altitude, e.i/. Tobor- 
above the level of the sea. 

f Mr. Nicholas Whitley, C.E. has mentioned that the Brown Willy boss is almost sun-ounded by greenstone (which, i 
the form of dykes, penetrates into the slate stratification), thus rendering it almost certain that the volcanic rocks wei 
erupted before the elevation of the granite bosses. (30th Annual Report of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, Append! 
VI. p. 64.) 

: Davies Gilbert, Hi,st. of Cornwall, vol. i. p. 132. 


The principal landowners are Sir Henry Onslow, Bart., Lord Robartes, William Morshead 
and W. H. Pole-Carew, Esquires. 


The chief industrial pursuits are the cultivation of the land, or rather the pasturage of cattle 
and sheep, including the breeding of cattle and the growth of wool. 

As is stated above, the geological formation is very similar to that of the mining districts 
of western Cornwall, granite and "killas,"* forming a junction across the parish, which is consi- 
dered favom-able for a deposit of minerals, and some attempts at mining operations have been 
made, particularly at Wheal Onslow on the north of the Church-town, but without any successful 

Clay Works. — The existence of china clay of good quality and in considerable quantity, 
which has of late years been discovered in this parish and in the adjoining parish of Blisland, 
promises to open up a new branch of industry of considerable importance. We have alluded to 
this discovery {ante, p. 23) ; but since our notice was written considerable progress has been made 
in the development of these works, it may therefore be desirable to i-ecord in these pages a brief 
account of the origin of this industry. 

The first practical discovery of china clay in this neighbourhood is due to Andrew Cundy, 
then of St. Columb, now captain of the Caira Marsh Works on Lord Vivian's estate in Cardin- 
ham.f Mr. Cundy's attention was first directed to the probability of its existence in 1860 by the 
Rev. C. M. Edward-Collins of Trewardale, whilst Cundy was engaged in searching for similar 
materials in Roche. Shortly afterwards Cund}'- visited Blisland, and first discovered clay on 
Durfold, which, on being tested at St. Austell, was pronounced of excellent quality. Subsequently 
it was found on Carwen in the same parish, where the first works were established in 1862 — a 
"set" having been granted to Mr. Richard Veale of St. Columb by the trustees of the Moles- 
worth Estates. After various vicissitudes, incidental to all mining speculations, the works have 
passed into the hands of Mr. Radcliffe of London, and now give promise of success. Li 1864 
Cundy was joined by John Truscott, and in conjunction with him established the works at Dm-fold 
for the Messrs. Parkyn, which appear to be prosperous. In 1864 clay was discovered by Capt. 
Brabyn at Hawkestor, on the estate of Sir Henry Onslow, by whom a set was granted in March 
1865 to ^Ic'SMs. ILunpter, May, and others. These new works employ now (Febi-uary 1870) 
eight li;nnl- each, ^vith probability of increasing the numbers. Deposits have since been dis- 
covered at Staniicii Hill in this pai'ish, the property of Sir Henry Onslow, and on Henewarr, the 
joint property of Sir Hemy Onslow and Mr. Tliomas Hawken, and works have been opened. 

* A Coi-nish term for a coarse argillaceous schist or clay slate, in which many of the metalliferous veins in this 
county and Devonshire occtir. 

f Many years prior to this (1838-9) Sir H. T. de la Beche, in his geological survey, had directed the attention of Mr. 
Ralph Rogers of Blisland, who accompanied him in his survey of that parish, to the existence of china clay ; and sub- 
sequently Mr. Rogers oliservcd it in sinking a well at Carwen, and in cutting a trench on the same fann. Persons from 
St. Austell were invited to inspect the deposits, but without leading to any practical result. 


The first return in the Board of Trade Returns of clay exported from tliis district was 400 tons 
from Blisland in 1866. 

Granite Quarries. — Of still greater importance, however, than the clayworks, both present 
and prospective, are the Granite Quarries which for some years have been worked at Delank, 
though as lovers of the pictiu:esque we cannot but regret the destruction of one of the most 
romantic, wild, and beautiful gorges in the West of England. The granite is of excellent quality, 
and the chief portion of the stone used in the construction of Blackfriars Bridge, London, 
opened 1869, was obtained from these quarries, as appears from the following extracts from the 
" Engineer " of 5th November, 1869. " The greatest part of the granite used in this work was 
supplied by Chai'les Goodyear the sole quarrier and merchant of the Delank Quarries near Bodmin, 
Cornwall. About 150,000 cubic feet have been delivered in blocks of very great size : upwards 
of eighty of these stones have been of the enormous weight of from 12 to nearly 20 tons each ; and 
about 200 from 6 to 10 tons each, all of the finest grained grey granite, remarkable alike for its 
evenness of colour. An idea of the capabilities of Mr. Goodyear's quarries for such great engineer- 
ing works may be formed from the fact that as many as twenty of the larger sizes of from 4 to 20 
tons each have been split off one rock, which has been previously removed from the general mass 
by means of blasting and the powerftil machinery he has erected." The granite when prepared in 
the quarry is removed for exportation at Wadebridge by means of the Bodmin and Wenford 
Railway, the terminus of which is within a mile of the quarries. 

Till Works. — The streaming of tin is also worked to a trifling extent. This branch of 
industry has, however, become exhausted, and is now almost relinquished in fa^'our of the clay- 
works and granite quarries. 


On Garrah, a boulder-strewn tor, near Roughtor, are innumerable remains of prim;\ival 
antiquities. Here, indeed, are relics of various ages from the ruined cattle-pens of comparatively 
modem date up to the Celtic hut and its contiguous inclosures. Hut circles of the highest 
antiquity are found by scores on both sides of the slope of the hill, while very rude stone fences 
mark out small oblong inclosiu-es apparently cosval with the huts. The hill is ribbed by these 
old ruined hedges which enclose plots too small for pasturage, and were used, probably, as folds. 
The ruins of each hut are more extensive than those at Carwen and Kerowe Down, already 
described {ante pp. 23, 24) where the foundations only remain. Garrah would seem to have 
been the dwelling-place of a large pastoral tribe whose herds ranged the trackless moors around, 
and were brought hither and safely sheltered from the attack of the wolf or the still more dreaded 
human freebooter. Near the only existing cottage on Garrah are the remains of rude masonry, 
though evidently of modern date ; but close to it is a modern beehive-hut, which is of great 
interest, being constructed in the ancient manner, possibly traditionally transmitted from the 
aboriginal inhabitants of the district, or perhaps indicating the best available method of construc- 



tion with such materials as the loeahty produced, and illustrative of the influences affecting as 
well the present natives as those of former times. It is a circular building of unhewn blocks of 
granite rising to about the height of 5 feet, from which springs a dome-shaped roof formed by the 
overlajiping of the stones and so converging to an apex, and covered externally by turves. No 
wood was used in the construction except a rude door. (See elevation and section, PL VIII. 
figs. 2 a and 2 b.) 

About half a mile from Garrali on- the north-east, near the foot of Eoughtor, is a circle of 
stones 43 yards in diameter ; there are about fifty stones, many of them not very large. 

Arthur's Hall. — About a mile from Garrah on the south-west we find a singular construc- 
tion on the moors locally designated "Arthur's Hall." It is a quadrangular inclosure, measm-ing 
about 50 yards by 20. On the inside is a row of large granite stones, aU unhe-mi, set on their 
ends with an earthen embankment at the back. The pressure of this embankment upon the stones 
has forced them inwards, and many of them ai-e consequently prostrate. This embankment is now 
about 8 or 10 feet above the floor on the inside. h\ the centre is a pool of water, as there was 
also in Norden's time. On one side two j^osts mark the entrance. 

It is difficult to conceive for what purpose tliis work could have been constructed. It could 
not ha\-e been intended for defence, for neither its position nor its character is suitable. Mr. 
Pattison, who has described it,* mentions a local tradition to the effect that it was in early times a 
Christian Church, but we can scarcely agree in this suggestion, and should be more ready to 
believe that it was intended for secrdar meetings of some kind or other, and this surmise is 
strengthened by its traditional name of Artlmr's Hall. There is a drawing in Norden's " Specidi 
BritanniEe Pars, page 71."t 

About two miles further south, on the common near Bradford, is a flattened circular mound, 
having the appearance of a denuded barrow. Rising just above the soil in its centre are the 
edges of two large stones, forming the head and foot stone of a kist-vaen, which appears to be 
very perfect. A few years ago there were found several feet below the surface near a rock, not 
far from this spot, tlu'ee singular stone weapons. They were found arranged in a radiating form, 
the tapered ends meeting in the centre. % It is difficult to say whether these stones were tools or 
weapons. The finders were led to the search in consequence of a local tradition, that money was 
there hidden. Tlie stones are now in the possession of William Morshead of Lavethan, Esq. 

It is extremely probable that Eoughtor was a Druidical station. The rocks in this and most 
of the other tors exhibit the cavities or basins which have been frequently attributed to that myste- 
rious race, though we have no reason to doubt that they are produced from natural causes. 

Ancient Roads. — There are several ancient roads or trackways leading thi'ough this parish. 
The one which chiefly deserves notice is a line of many miles in length, doubtless of primaeval 
antiquity, and now in much the same condition as when trodden by our Celtic forefathers. We 
have alluded {ante p. 25) to the great road which passed through the county, and to the ancient 
road or track leading from Warleggan to Blisland, which intersected it near " Peverel's Cross." 

* ;Mth Annual Koport of the Royal Institution o£ Cornwall. t Had. MS. C2o2. % Plate viii. f. 1. 

^lah %\ * 



From Blisland Church Town there is a road which leads near to the small British work at 
Carwen (a/ite p. 23), and the hut circles on Kerrowe Down {ante p. 24). At this place a branch, 
skirting these ancient dwellings, leads to St. Breward Church Town, crossing the Delank river at 
Delford, whilst the main line crosses the same river at Bradford, and passes in almost a direct 
line close to " Arthur's Hall," with reference to which Mr. Pattison mentions an old trackway 
sti'iking across the moor fl-om Garrah "Water. From " Arthur's Hall " it passes by the foot of 
Eoughtor, and, still continuing its almost direct course, by Trevillian's Gate,* leads to the great 
British works at Warbstow. Tliis road is in many places very indefinite. Strangers would 
sometimes find great difficulty in following the track, notwithstanding it is in some parts marked 
by a continuous line of stone posts, for the purpose of guiding the traveller. 


The ancient symbols of Chistianity which remain in this parish, though doubtless numerous 
in bygone daj'S, are now fragmentary, few in number, and likely soon, we regret to add, to 
decrease. We have been able to discover four ancient crosses only, and of these but one m y/fu. 
and that tin-own down and lying uncared for. 

No. 16. The first we shall notice is a portion of the head 
of a very fine cross which has been set up on a partition-wall 
in the enclosure of the new national schools. It is a round- 
headed cross, about 2 feet 6 inches in diameter ; the lower 
limb has been broken away. It is of the Greek type, the 
arms being raised and panelled with interlaced loops, three 
pointed loops in relief; the intervals between the arms are 
pierced with trefoils. We do not think it is very early. 
This cross has been well figured by Blight, and is similar to 
one in the churchyard of St. Columb Major. 

No. 17. Is the head of an ancient cross now built into 
a gable wall of Mr. CoUins' house at Great Lank, which was 
partially altered and rebuilt by the late Mr. CoUins. about 
fifty years ago. The fragment consists of a circular disc 
with a Greek cross wrought in relief within a siu-rounding 

No. 17. 
* Deriving its name from a branch of the Trevelyan family-, formerly seated at Basil in St. Clether. 



No. 18. Middle-moor Cross, until within a few 
years past, was standing in an elevated position 
beside the ancient track or road leading thi'ough 
Swallock to Roughtor. It is situate on a soft spongy 
soil, and a stone, which may have been its base, 
appears to have partially sunk beneath it and the 
cross is fallen. Dr. Martin, the vicar of the parish, 
has undertaken to have it re-erected. Its head is 
partially rounded. Each face displays a cross formed 
of sunk grooves intersecting each other at right angles, a style similar to those preserved at 
La\ethan, fomid on Blisland Moors.* Middle-moor Cross measures over 6 feet in height. The 
\M([th of the head i^ 1 toot h inches, and the thickness 9 inches. Like many, if not most, others 
It piob.ibl\ sened a>5 a guidt-post in crossing the moors. 

No. 18. 

No. 19. This cross stood formerly by the way-side, between 
Lower Lank and Penpont. The base, with its central socket, 
still remains in its original position. The cross had been thrown 
down and broken at the neck, and the head was found a few 
years ago by the Rev. Charles M. Edward Collins, of Trewardale, 
on a heap of stones, which were being broken for repairing the 
roads, who caused it to be removed to his pleasure-grounds at 
Trewardale for preservation, where it yet remains. It measures 
20 inches in diameter and is 8 inches thick. The symbol is 

rectilinear within a circular rim, which latter is, to a great extent, broken away. 

There are two other bases of crosses remaining in the parish. One, a granite block cut 

square, with the socket in the centre, is on the side of the road leading from Gamm-bridge to 

Swallock, and the other forms part of a garden fence by the village inn. 


We find this ancient manor in the Domesday Survey under the name of " Hamotedi," 
when it was held by one Richard : " The same Richard holds (of the Earl of Moriton) Hamotedi ; 
Alric held it in the time of King Edward, and it was taxed for half a hide ; nevertheless there 
is one hide. The araljle laml i> six carucates. There are foiu- ploughs, and three bond servants, 
and four villans, and eiulii IkhiImis. ami two acres of wood, and pasture five miles long and two 
miles wide ; formerly it was ANcntli lo shillings, now 30 shillings." The same Richard (who was 
|inibably Richard de Lacy) held .several other manors in the county. 

See pages liS, 26, .i 


The manor of Hamatethy was long a portion of the possessions of the family of Peverell, 
which family held large estates in Cornwall. It appears, fi'om the " Liber Eubra," one of the 
earliest records which we possess, that about the time of Eichard I. Eobert de Peverel held nine 
knight's fees in the county of the fee of Eichard de Lacy, of which it is probable this manor 
formed a portion. In the retiu-n, 40th Hen. III. of illustrious men who held lands by military 
service of 15/. a year and upwards, thirteen only in number, we do not find the name of Peverell, 
but we have " Wilti filius Eoberti 15 ti." whom we take to be the son of Eobert Peverell above 
mentioned, and identical with William Peverell, who, by charter undated,* gave the church of 
St. Brewvered to the priory of Tyivardreth. 

This manor formed also a tithing in 11th Edw. L (1283), as the tithing of Amathethy was 
amerced for not fully attending an inquest, f 

In the 16th Edw. I. (1288) Henry Cauvel took out a writ of new disseizin against Hugh 
Peverell and David Wof of common of pasture in Hamadethy, which he claimed as pertaining to 
his free tenement in Lauedon. Henry did not appear, and judgment was given for Hugh and 
David in default, t 

In 21st Edw. I. (1293) an assize of view of recognizance was obtained to inquire if Hugh 
Peverell of Hamatesty and Matilda who was the wife of Henry Peverell imjustly disseized 
Stephen de Treuigo of his fi-ee tenement in Treuigo (= Trevigo). Hugh appeared in person and 
Matilda by her attorney, and alleged that the tenement in view was sometime in the seizin of a 
certain John de Treuigo who of it enfeotFed a certain Walter Peverell, which same Walter 
enfeoffed of the same a certain Henry Peverell uncle of the said Hugh, whose heir he is, which 
same Hemy died seized of the said tenement in demesne as of fee, after whose death the said 
Hugh entered as his nephew and heir. § 

In 30th Edw. I. the tithing of Amathethy was again amerced for not fidly attending an 
inquest. || 

In 25th Edw. I. (1297) Sir Hugh Peverell held lands of more than 20/. a-year in value. 1[ 

In 7th Edw. II. James Peverell died seized of the hamlet of Tresoder ; ten shillings per 
annum rent in Henderscrubbe ** and Penros held of the heirs of Alan Bloyou ; of the hamlet of 
Newlond held of the heirs of Joceus de Dynham ; of the hamlet of de la Parke held of the heirs 
of Walter de Alet by divers services, the whole of the heirs being within age and in the wardship 
of the King; also of the manor of Hamatethe held of Eoger le Jeu by military service, ft and that 
the lands were in the hands of the King by reason that Hugh Peverell the nearest heir of the 
said James was a minor, being aged six years only.H 

In 20 Edw. III. (1347) when an aid of 40s. for each knight's fee was levied for the purpose 

* Robert de Cardinan, who was one of the witnesses to this charter, was living in 1224. He was dead 1234. (Pedes 
Finium 18 Hen. III. Trinity No. 4. See post jjji. 365, 36G). 

t Assize Rolls, 11th Edw. I. % Assize Rolls, 16th Edw. I. 

§ Assize Rolls, 22 Edw. I. m. 71. II Assize Rolls, 30 Edw. I. m. 57 d. 

1 Harl. MS. 1192, fo. 41, 50. ** In St. Minver. 

f f Roger le Jeu was at this time lord of the manor of Trevesquite. 

XX Abbrev. Rot. Origin. 7 Edw. II. pp. 205, 206. 



of making the King's eldest son a knight, Hugh Peverell was returned as holding one small fee 
in Hametethi, which Hugh his grandfather held before. This refers back to the aid which was 
levied for the marriage of the eldest daughter of King Edward I.* 

Three years later (1350) the manors of Hamatethey and Trevegou with the appurtenances, 
five messuages, three carucates of land and a half, 60 acres of wood, 60 acres of heath, 60 
acres of rushes, and 40s. rent, with appui-tenances, were part of the possessions of Hugh Peverell, 
a portion being held by Eichard Ceriseux and Margaret his wife, as of the dower of the said 
Margaret ; and the said Hugh, in this year, suffered a fine therein to William Carse, chaplain, 
who being thus seized granted the same to the said Hugh for the term of his life, and after his 
death remainder to Thomas sou of the same Hugh and Wentheliana his wife, and the heirs male 
of the said Thomas and Wenthehana, to be held of the chief lords of the fees by the accustomed 
services, and if it happened that the said Thomas and Wenthehana died without heirs male, 
remainder to the right heirs of the said Hugh.f 

In the 3 Henry IV. (1402) we find that John Tracy and Hugh Peverell held jointly two fees 
in Ti-eviscoid and Hamatethy, which Hugh we presume to have been the sou of the aforesaid 
Thomas and the father of Thomas who married Margaret daughter of Sir Tliomas Courtenay, by 
Miu-iel daughter and coheir of John Lord Moels. He predeceased his wife, who died 14th 
August 1422. On the inquisition taken at Launceston on Wednesday next after the Feast of the 
Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (December 8)| after the death of the said Margaret Peverell, 
it was found that she held no lands in capite, but that a certain Roger Helygan was lately seized 
in the manors of Parke, Hamatethy, Trevygoue, Dennaud, Newelond, and Penhale, with the 
appm-tenances ; and also in the moiety of the manor of Pencarrow ; and, being so seized, did 
grant all the said manors to the said Thomas and Margaret for life, and the heirs of theii- bodies, 
and in default of such issue to the right heirs of the said Thomas, by virtue of wliich grant the 
same Thomas and Margaret were seised, and the same Thomas died of it seised, and after his 
death the said Margaret held it for life and died of it seised. The jury give an extent of each 
manor, but it will be sufficient here to refer to the manor of Hamatethy, of which the jmy say : 
there is one capital messuage, which is of no value, beyond reprisals; that in the same manor is 
one carucate of land, which is of the value per annum of 26s. M., one dovecote worth 12d, one 
cornmill worth 4s., and that in the same manor are six acres of wood, whose pastm-e is worth &d., 
twelve acres of moor, of the value of 8s. ; and that there are 54s. rent of assise payable by divers 
free tenants. And they say further that Alianora wife of William Talbot, Knt., and Katherine 
wife of Sir Walter Hungerford, Knt. , were the daughters and nearest heirs of the said Margaret, 
and that Alianora is of the age of 40 years and more, and that Katherine is of the age of 
28 years and more. 

Immediately upon the death of Margaret Peverell her two daughters and their husbands 
conveyed the estates to Edmund Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, Sir John Tiptoft (otherwise Tibetot),§ 

* Book of Aids, King's Rememb. Office, fo. 24 d. Abbrev. Rot. Orijjin. p. 20. 

t Pedes Finium, 23 Edw. III. Easter, No. 4. 

% Inq. p. m. 1 Henry VI. § Summoned to Pari. 4 Hen. VI. 


Knt., Sir Thomas Carew, and others, in trust,* the uses of which are set out in the inquisition 
taken at Launceston after the death of Alianora Talbot on 20th May, 17 Henry VI. (1439). 
From this record it appears that the said Edmund and the other feoffees being seized in the 
manors of Parke, Hamatethy, and Penhale by a certain charter, dated Wednesday next after the 
feast of St. Martin, 11 Henry VI. (1432), did grant the same to the said Ah'anora and the heirs 
of lier body, and in default of such issue to Walter Hungerford, Lord of Heytesbury and Hornet, 
and Katherine his wife, and the heirs male of their bodies, and in default of such issue to the 
right heirs of Thomas Peverell. By virtue of this charter Alianora was found to have died 
seized of tlie said manors in fee tail, that she died sine prole, and that Robert Hungerford, the 
son of her sister Katherine who was then dead, was her nearest heir, and that he was of the age 
of 26 years and more. As to the teniu-e, the jury say that the manor of Parke is held of 
Edmund Bishop of Exeter as of his manor of Pencarow (?) by military service, and that the 
manor of Hamatethy is held of Thomas Cheddar as of his manor of Tresquit, in socage. The 
"extent" of these manors is described more fully in this record, and somewhat differently from 
the description given above. As to the manor of Hamatethy, the jury say there is one capital 
messuage, which, beyond reprisals, is of the value per annum 3s. Ad. ; that there is one water 
corn mill, worth 6s. Sd. ; one water fuller's mill, worth 2.?. ; 40 acres of arable land in demesne, 
each acre worth 3(7. ; six acres meadow, each acre worth 4(7. ; 12 acres of wood, each acre worth 
2d.; and that there are 22 messuages in the tenure of divers tenants, which are worth each 
messuage 10(7.; and that there are 16 farms of land in the hands of the same tenants at will, 
which are each of the value of 5s. 8f7. ; that there is a toll of tin worth M. a-year; that the per- 
quisites of the coui-ts are worth 2s. per annum; that there are in the same manor 100 acres of 
pastui-e, worth lc7. per acre; that there is a certain turbary of the value of 40s. per annum and 
12(7. rent, payable by the free tenants of the manor at the usual feasts.f 

Walter Hungerford, the husband of Katherine Peverell, was a man of great celebrity. He 
was summoned to parliament as Lord of Hungerford, Heytesbury, and Hornet, 2 Henry VI. and 
died in 1449. His son Robert Hungerford, above mentioned, acquired a large accession to his 
estates by the death of his aunt, which rendered his mother the sole heir of the Peverells, but 
by his own marriage with another great Cornish heiress, Margaret, daughter and sole heir of 
WiUiam Lord Botreaux, he added greatly to his Cornish possessions, having acquired Botreaux 
Castle and eighteen other manors in Cornwall, besides six manors in Devon, and manors and 
lands in Somerset, Hants, and other counties. We shall, however, for the present limit our 
remarks as much as possible to the descent of the manor of Hamatethy. 

Robert Hungerford succeeded his father in his honours and estates, and was summoned to 
Parliament the 29th, 31st, and 33rd Henry VI. He conveyed to trustees certain lands, inter alia 
the manors of Parke and Hamatethy, and the trustees reconveyed them to himself and his wife 
and their heirs and assigns for ever. Upon his death, therefore, on 14th May, 1459, his wife, 
usually styled Margaret Lady Hmigerford and Botreaux, became seized of this manor in fee. 
She was a woman of great ability, strength of character, and piety, of all of which she had need, 

* Pedes Finium, 1 Hen. VI. f Inci. p. m. 17 Hen. VI. 


for lier lot fell in troublous times. She lived to see lier son and grandson perish on the scaffold, 
the estates of the family repeatedly confiscated, and the first male line of her house extinguished ; 
but, after expending upwards of 2(3,000 marks, she had the satisfaction of restoring the name of 
Hungerford to some degree of its former splendour. 

Her son Eobert Hungerford married Alianora daughter and heir of William Lord Molines,* 
and had summons to Parliament j/'j^re uxoris during his father's lifetime as Lord Molines. Being 
in the wars of France, he was taken prisoner at the battle of Chastillon, and remained in capti^dty 
upwards of seven years. His mother the Lady Margaret was put to great cost for his mainte- 
nance there, and finally effected his ransom by paying 7,9661., to raise wliich she had to sell her 
plate and mortgage many of her paternal estates. Scarcely, however, had he returned to 
England when he was suspected of disaffection to ihe ruling powers, and was sent to the Tower. 
He however made his escape, and his mother " by gifts and rewards to great lords and others," 
H an expense of 76SI. procm-ed him licence to go to Florence ; but the suspicion which had fallen 
upon him extended to the whole family. The lands were seized by the Crown, and were 
redeemed or compounded for by the Lady Margaret at a cost of 2,1601. while she herself was 
arrested and confined in the abbey of Amesbury. 

Robert Lord Molines, however, soon made his peace with the King, and returned to 
England, and in 38 Hemy VI., in consideration of his services and his misfortunes and losses, he 
was granted a licence to export 1,500 sacks of wool free of duty. We find him fighting for the 
Lancastrian cause at the fatal battle of Towton field, and he was attainted in Parliament, and his 
estates forfeited 4th Nov. 1st Edw. IV. (1461) when his lands and manors were granted to John 
Lord Wenlock. In 1463, the Lancastrians again making some head in the North, he occupied 
the castle of Alnwick, and was present at the battle of Hexham, where he was made prisoner, and 
was conveyed to Newcastle and beheaded. By Alianora his wife, who afterwards remarried Sir 
Oliver Maningham, Knt., he had five children, viz. 1. Sir Thomas who succeeded him; 2. Sir 
Walter, of whom we shall speak presently ; 3. Leonard ; 4. Catherine married to Richard West 
Lord De la Ware ; and 5. Frideswide a nun at Sion. 

It is not likely that the Cornish manors were granted to Lord Wenlock, as they were not, at 
the time of the attainder of Lord Molines, in his possession. Lord Wenlock died, liowever, in 
1471 sine prole, when probably the estates granted to him reverted to the Crown. However this 
may have been, we find that by indenture dated 13th May, 9 Edw. IV. (1469), between the Duke 
of Gloucester, the King's brother, and the Lady Margaret, she ceded to the duke the manor of 
Farley and other lands quietly to enjoy the same without interruption from her or from the 
feoffees enfeoffed by her husband Robert late Lord Hungerford ; and the duke on his part recog- 
nised her right, for the term of her life, to certain manors and lands, witli which we are not 
immediately concerned, and also that she should enjoy the manors of Parke, Hamyteth, and the 
other Cornish manors, and also all the manors and lordships which were sometime the possessions 
of Sir Walter Lord Hungerford or Eobert Hungerford his son, whereof tlie said Lady Margai-et 

* Rnliort irimgcrford and Alianora his wife, daughter and lieir of William Molins, Knt. and Margery his wife. Pat. 


was at that time entitled to tlie profits. * And it further appears, that, by letters patent dated 5th 
Aug. 1474, certain manors were granted to the Duke, and, after reciting that the manors of Parke, 
Hammatetliy, Eilleton, and others in Cornwall were the property for life of the Lady Margaret, 
grants the reversion after her death to the said Duke.f 

Thomas son and heir of Lord Molines for a while adhered to the cause of Edw. IV. ; but 
falling off and endeavouring the restoration of King Henry VL, he was apprehended and tried 
and executed at Salisbury 8th Edw. IV. (1468). He married Ann daughter of Henry Percy, 
Earl of Northumberland, and had issue one only daughter Mary Hungerford. 

It appears, from an inquisition taken at Launceston, 30th Sept. 1474, before William 
Courteney and others, that Sir Walter Hungerford, Knight, was seized of the manors of Parke, 
Hameteth, Hylton, and others in Cornwall, and that by a charter dated 5th May, 21st Henry VI. 
he granted them to Robert Hungerford his son and heir and Margaret his wife and the heirs of 
the said Eobert for ever, which said Robert died seized 18th May, 37th Hen. VI. ; after whose 
death the said Margaret held the manors in her sole seizin, by virtue of which said gift the rever- 
sion belonged to Robert Hungerford, son and heir of the above-mentioned Robert, and he was 
seized of such reversion on the 4th March, 1st Edw. IV. ; that he was attainted by Act of Parlia- 
ment 4th Nov. in that year ; and that, consequently, after the death of Margaret, the reversion 
belonged to the King. The value of the said manors and the services by which they were 
respectively held are stated in the inquisition as imder, inter alia : 

Manor of Parke, value per annum beyond reprisals 9^. I8s. -id. and held of the lord of 
Longewaye by service and 8s. lid. rent per annum. 

Manor of Hamateth, value per annum beyond reprisals 10/. 3s. 4(7., and held of the lord of 
Blisland if by service and rent of lis. lid § 

We must now again return to the Lady Margaret, whom we left possessed, hitcr alia, in fee 
of the manor of Hamatethy. By her wiU, dated 8th August, 1476, after reciting that by several 
deeds she had enfeoffed certain trustees in her manors and estates in Cornwall and Devon to 
perform her will, as well those which came to her after the death of William Lord Botreaux her 
father as the manors of Heytesbury and others in Wilts, " which were granted to my lord my 
husband and me by his feoffees at his request, to have to us and our heirs and assigns for 
evermore ; " she directs that the said trustees shall receive the profits of all her lands for 
ten years, for the purpose of paying aU the debts of her late husband, all her own debts, and of 
executing the will of her husband. She makes provision for the maintenance of Mary Hunger- 
ford, daughter of Sir Thomas Hungerford her grandson, and for Walter and Leonard Hungerford, 
sons of her son Robert late Lord Hungerford, during the aforesaid 10 years. She bequeaths to 
Walter Hungerford, on the condition that he maintains his loyalty to King Edward IV., the manor 
of Heytesbury and other manors in Wilts, to hold to him and his heirs male for ever ; and, after 

* Lansdowne MSS. No. 901, fo. 109. f Pat. Rolls, 14th Edw. IV. part ii. m. 23. 

J Hamatethy was not anciently a member of the manor of Blisland, and it is presumed was temporarily annexed to 
that manor when, after the death of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, at the battle of Barnet, a moiety of the Warwick 
estates, including the Cornish manors, fell to the Crown. See ante, p. 31. 

§ Cotton. MSS. Julius, B. xii. fo. 207. 

4 Y 


making sundry otliei- provisions, slie declares her heir to be the above-mentioned Mary, and 
bequeaths to her, after the expiration of the said ten years, all the lands and manors not alienated 
in her lifetime, or otherwise disposed of by her will, that descended to her by her father, as well 
those that be in demesne, that is to say, inter alia the manors of Penehele, Lanaunt, Bottele, 
Wurthevale, Botreaux Castle, &c. with all her other lands and tenements in her will not specially 
exjjressed, with the appurtenances in the county of Cornwall, &c. &c., and directs that her trustees 
should make estate thereof, after the said will performed, to the said Mary, and to the heirs of 
her body lawfully begotten, in default of such issue remainder to Walter Hungerford, son of 
Kobert afoi'esaid, late Lord Hungerford and Molyns, and to the heirs male of his body, &c. in 
default, remainder to Leonard brother of the said Eobert, and in default to testator's own daughter 
Katherine Lady de la Warr and the heirs male of her body, &c. and for default of such issue 
remainder to the right heirs of William Lord Botreaux.* 

The Lady Margaret died 7th Fcbruaiy, 1478, and at an inquisition taken at Bradford it was 
found that Mary Hungerford, daughter of Thomas, sou of Eobert, son of the said Margaret, was 
her nearest heir, and was then of the age of eleven years and more. 

On the 7th June following the wardship and marriage of the young heiress were granted 
Sir William Hastings, Knt. Lord Hastings, the King's chamberlain ; t and two years afterwards 
she was married to his eldest son, for in 20 Edward IV. 1480, we find that a licence of entry and 
seizin was granted for Sir Edward Hastings, Knt. and Mary his wife, cousin (great-grand- 
daughter) and heir of Margaret Lady Hungerford. | She thus became the ancestress of the 
Earls of Huntingdon of the house of Hastings and of the late Marquis of Hastings and his 
sister Edith Maud, Countess of Lausdowne in her own right, now (1870) a claimant, as the eldest 
coheiress, of the ancient baronies of Botreaux, Hungerford, de Molyns, and Hastings. 

Walter, son of Robert Lord Hungerford, married Jane, widow of Thomas Bulstrode, and, 
having acquired the manor of Heytesbury, &c. under his grandmother's will, became known as 
Sir Walter Hungerford of Heytesbury. He did not, however, maintain his fealty to the house of 
York, as desired by Lady Margaret, for in the second year of Richard IIL upon the landing of 
Henry Earl of Richmond, Sir Walter was suspected of favouring him, and Sir Robert Braken- 
bury, Lieutenant of the Tower, was sent to bring him to the King. He managed, however, on 
the journey to elude his guide, and joined Henry on the field of Bosworth at the head of 700 of 
his tenantry and retainers. During the conflict he and Brakenbury met in single combat, of 
which encounter Sir Richard Colt Hoare gives a graphic account. The greater youth, vigour, 
and activity of Hungerford gave him the advantage over his grey-haired opponent, and, though 
the former behaved with magnanimity, and both with valour, Brakenbury was slain. § 

For his zeal and good conduct Sir Walter Hungerford was appointed of the council of King 
Henry VIL, and all the former attainders of his family were reversed. In the second year of 
Henry's reign. Sir Walter was commissioned to proceed to the Com't of Rome by commandment 
of the King, and before leaving England || ho enfeoffed Peter Bishop of Winchester and others 

* lioare's Wilts, Heytesbury, p. 95. f Tat. Rolls, 18 Edw. IV. part i. m. 10. 

% Pat. Rolls. L'O Edw. IV. part ii. m. 12. § Hoare's Wilts, Heytesbury, p. 103. 

II Rolls, 2.1.1 11,11. VII. Xo. 7:1. 


in his manors and lands, among which are mentioned the manors of Parke, Hamatethe, Penhale, 
Trevygo, Newlond, Danout, and Nasryge in Cormvall. By his will, executed a few days after- 
wards (18 February) and enrolled,* after providing for the payment of his debts, &c. from the 
profits of his estates, he adds, "Also in especiall I will that all expenses, costf, and charges born, 
had, sustained, and done for the affermyng of my title vnto all such man's, londf , and tentf 
nowe restyng in variance bytwene Edward Lord Hastyngs and Mary his wife and me, that they 
be leveyd, contented andpayd of and with the reuenuez, issues, and pfittfof the said man's londf 
and tentf growyng and comyng." 

He would seem to have been partially successful in his suit, for the Cornish manors became 
divided into moieties, one moiety descending in the line of Hungerford and the other in that of 
Hastings. We will first attempt to trace the descent of the Himgerford moiety. On 30 May 
1516 Sir Edward Hungerford had livery of the lands as son and heir of Sir Walter, f and on 
15th July 1523 Walter Hungerford, squire for the body, had livery of lands as son and heir of 
Sir Edward Hungerford (including those which Agnes J his wife had held in dower), and of those 
of Sir Walter Hungerford, father of the said Sir Edward. § 

Li the person of this Walter Hungerford the barony of Hungerford was restored, he Ijeing 
summoned to Parliament 28th Henry VIII. In the 32nd Henry VIII., however, he was accused 
of various crimes and attainted in Parliament, and on the 28th July beheaded on Tower Hill, 
when his estates again reverted to the Crown. 

Walter Lord Hungerford of Heytesbury was thrice married. By Susan, his first wife, 
daughter of Sir John Danvers, Knt., he left issue Edward his son who died young, and three 
daughters ; viz. Susan wife of Michael Ernley of Cannings, co. Wilts ; Lucy married Sir John 
St.John of Lydiard Tregoze, Knt. ; and Jane who married Sir John Kerne of Glamorganshire, 
Knt. By Alice his second wife, dau. of William Lord Sandys, he had a son, Walter Hunger- 
ford, one of the Gentlemen Pensioners to Queen Elizabeth, and other children. His third 
wife was Elizabeth daughter of John Lord Hussey of Sleaford, who survived him, and exhi- 
bited in the Court of Augmentation an indenture dated 8th Oct. 24th Hen. VIII. (1532) made 
between the late Lord Hungerford of the one part and the late Lord Hussey her father, also then 
lately attainted, of the other part, whereby the said Lord Hungerford, in consideration of a 
certain other indenture made between the same parties, granted the manors of Hamethethe, 
Newlond, Trevigowe, Eylleton Peverell, Penhall Hungerford, Harmena, Park, Tresodron, and 
Dawnoth, in co. Cornwall, and other lands and manors elsewhere held to tlie use of the said Lord 
Hungerford and his heirs, thenceforth to be vested in the said trustees to the use of the said Lady 
Elizabeth for her life. The Court, deciding the indenture to be good, did deci-ee that the Lady 
Elizabeth should have and enjoy the said lands according to the tenour of the said indenture for 
her life. II 

* Clans. Rot. 2 Hen. VII. No. 72. t Pit. Rolls, 8 Hen. VIII. part. i. m. 22. 

f Lady Agnes Hungerford was hanged at Tyburn for nnu-der in February, 1523. (State Papers, Hen. VIII.) 
§ Pat. Rolls, 15 Hen. VIU. part. ii. m. 5. 
II Calendar of Decrees of the Court of General Surreyors, 3i to 38 Hen. VIII. p. 3. 


Lady Elizabeth Hungerford died before May 1554, when, by letters patent dated 25th May, 
all the Hungerford estates were, upon the payment of 5,000/. restored to Walter Hungerford, Esq. 
eldest son of Walter late Lord Hungerford, then a Gentleman Pensioner ;* and in consideration 
of a marriage contemplated between him and Anne Basset, one of the Gentlewomen of the 
Queen's Privy Chamber, and daughter of Sir John Basset, Knt. deceased, to whom, after the 
death of the said Walter, was granted a reversion of the manors of Hamatethy, Parke, and all 
the other Hungerford manors in Cornwall above recited, to hold for the term of her life, with 
remainder, in the event of failure of heirs of the said Walter, to Edward Hungerford his brother 
and his heirs, in default remainder to Eleanor wife of William Master, Gent, one of the daughters 
of the late Lord Hungerford, and to Mary wife of James Baker, Gent, the other daughter of the 
said Walter Lord Hungerford, and to the heirs of the bodies of the said Eleanor and Mary. 

The marriage contemi)lated with Ann Basset was never solemnized ; but before 8th June, 
1558, Walter Hungerford had been knighted, and had married Ann, one of the daughters of Sir 
William Dormer, Knt. By indenture dated on that day he surrendered to the Queen all the 
lands which, in reversion, had been settled by the last recited letters patent upon Ann Basset, and by 
letters patent dated 5th July in the same year f the Cornish manors, inter alia, were again granted 
to him and Ann his wife and to the heirs male of the body of the said Walter, with remainder 
over as before provided. 

In Stli Elizabeth X (1566) Sir Walter Hungerford and Edward Hungerford, Esq. his son and 
heir suffered a fine, iiiter alia, in the manor of Hamatethy to John Kyllygrewe, Esq. and John 
Penrose, jun. Gent., and the said Sir Walter Hungerford warranted the lands against Henry Earl 
of Huntingdon and his heirs for ever ; and four years afterwards, John Kyllygrewe, jun. Esq. 
and John Penrose, jun. Gent, levied a fine § in the same lands of Sir Robert Throckmorton and 
Elizabeth his wife. 

It appears, from proceedings in the Court of Exchequer in 8th Elizabeth, that, though in the 
several grants to Walter Hungerford of the manor of Hamatethy the description in the patent 
extended to the whole manor, the grants, in fiict, referred to a moiety only. Fi-om the record referred 
to it appears that in the time of King Henry VIII. the manor of Hamatethy was divided into two 
separate parts, whereof one moiety came into the hands of George Earl of Huntingdon and the 
other moiety came to the hands of Walter Lord Hungerford. Hence we have concluded that the 
variance existing in the 2nd Heniy VII. between AValter Hungerford and Edward Lord Hastings 
resulted in a compromise under mIucIi the lands in dispute were divided, and that, in the various 
records which we have cited subsequent to that date wherein the manor of Hamatethy is men- 
tioned, the moiety of the manor only is intended to be conveyed. These proceedings show 
that at the time of the attainder of Walter Lord Hungerford, viz. 22nd July, 32nd Hen. VIIL, 
one moiety was held by the said Walter in capite and the other moiety was held by George Earl 
of Huntingdon, son and heir of Edward Lord Hastings by Mary Hungerford above-mentioned, 
of King Henry VIIL as of his manor of Trevesquite, by fealty and rent of 12(/. per annum. 

* Pat. Rolls, 1 JIary, part iii. m. IG. 


This moiety descended to Henry Earl of Huntingdon, grandson of George, who in 1564* 
alienated it to Richard Roscarrock, William Carnsewe, and John Billing, Esquires, to be held of 
Leonard Lowys as of his manor of Trevesquite (then recently acquired), viz. the said Richard 
Roscarrock and John Billing as of free tenements, and the said William Carnsewe in demesne as 
of fee. It will thus be seen that William Carnsewe held a moiety of the manor in fee, and that 
Richard Roscarrock and John Billing each a third of the moiety, or one-sixth of the whole 
manor, as free tenants. Accordingly we find that on the death of Francis Hoblyn on 17th 
August, 1619, by the Inquis. p. m.t it was found that he died seized of a tenement called Irishes 
in St. Breward, a part of which he held of William Roscarrock, Richard Carnsew, Esq. and 
Richard Billing, Esq. as of the manor of Hamatethy, in fi'ee socage. And upon the inquisition 
taken upon the death of Richard Billing,| it was found that he held Chapel, Gam, and other 
lands in St. Breward of Sir Richard Carnsew, Knt. William Roscarrock, Esq. and Edward 
Lower, Gent, as of the manor of Hamatethy in free socage ; and that he himself held one-sixth 
of the. manor of Robert Loveyes as of the manor of Trevesquite in free socage. 

In 2""* Charles I. Charles Roscarrock, Esq. suffered a fine in his sixth of the manor to John 
Escott, Gent.§ and in 1653 Richard Escott and Katherine his wife suffered a fine in the same 
sixth to Christopher Walker, Esq. || from whom it passed to the family of Treise by the marriage 
of John Treise in 1656 with Cecilia Dunkyn, one of the coheirs of the said Christopher Walker. 
In 1656 John Treise and Cecilia his wife suffered a fine in this sixth, and also in a moiety of 
this manor, to William Treise, clerk, and Hugh Hobbs, doubtless for purposes of settlement.^ 
Upon the death of John Treise his widow Cecilia was remarried to AVilliam Thomas, whereupon, 
on the 5th July, 1653,** a deed was executed for settling the lands of her inheritance, inter alia, 
a moiety and a sixth part of this manor. In 1704 Cecilia Thorns alias Thomas, widow, suffered 
a recovery in a moiety of the manor of Hamatethy, and also common of pasture for all animals, 
with appurtenances in FowejTnoor,tt to Francis Hawkins, Gent. In what manner this moiety 
descended to Samuel Michell we cannot discover. 

Edward Lower of Tremeere, in St. Tudy, by his will, dated 16th January, 1690, JJ bequeathed, 
inter alia, his manor of Hamatethy to his brother Richard Lower, M.D. and others, in trust for 
testator's only daughter Elizabeth Lower, with remainder to the said Richard Lower. Richai'd 
Lower by his will, dated 5th January, 1690, gives, in the event of his dying without issue male, 
all his lands and manors to his daughter Loveday Lower to her own separate use, without the 
interference of any husband, and to her issue in tail, in default remainder to her sister Philippa 

* Pedes Finium, G"" Elizabeth. Trinity. f Inq. p. m. 17t]i James, biindle 27, No. 2G. Exch. 

X Inq. p. m. 22nd James, bundle 27, No. 26. Exch. § Pedes Finium 2nd Charles. Michs. 

II Pedes Finium 1653. Trinity. ^ Pedes Finium, 1656. Easter. 

** Deed atLavethan. ff Recoveries 2 Anne, Roll 110. 

%X Proved in the Archd. Court of Cornw. 4 May 1691. In Trinity Term 1 James 11. William Browne, gent, levied a 
fine of Edward Lower and Elizabeth his wife of one messuage, also a twelfth of the manor of Hamatethy. In Hilary 
Term 2 Wm. and Mary, John Fowler, gent, recovered a twelfth part of the manor of Hamatethy fi'om Edward Lower and 
Elizabeth his wife. Roll 100. In Easter Term, 7 Anne, Vaughan Kestell, gent, recovered a twelfth part of the manor of 
Hamatethy from John Kestell, gent, and Elizabeth his wife. Roll 204. 




and her issue, and in default to testator's kinsman Richard Lower, second son of John Lower of 
Michaelstow and his issue.* Loveday Lower inherited tliis manor and other estates, and married 
to her first husband Samuel Michell of Notgrove, co. Gloucester, Esq. eldest son of James 
Michell, clerk, rector of that parish, by whom she had one son Samuel Michel, born 1703, who, 
upon his mother's death about 1752, succeeded to the estate. He died s. p. and his aunt Philippa 
having also died s. p. by his will, proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbmy, 31st October, 
1786, he bequeathed all his lands, including five-sixths of liis manor of Hamatethy, together 
with all the rest of the Billing estates, to his cousin Mathew Michell, banker, son of the late 
Commodore Mathew Michell of Chiltern, co. Wilts, and his heirs male, in default of such issue 
several remainders over, with idtimate remainder to Mrs. Ann Onslow, sister of the said Mathew 
Michell. Upon the death of Mrs. Sarel, the widow of Mathew Michell, who died s. p., the ultimate 
remainder took effect, and the estates devolved upon the said Ann, then Lady Onslow, fi-om 
whom they are inherited by her son Sir Matthew Onslow of Hengar, Baronet, the present possessor.f 
In the beginning of the seventeenth century the other sixth part of the manor of Hamatethy 
belonged to the family of the Nicholls of Penvose. Li 1705 Rebecca Nicholls, widow, and 
Ai-thm- Nicholls, Esq. suffered a recovery to Peter Kekewich.| It was in the beginning of the 
present century the property of John Trehawke of Liskeard, Esq. fi-om whom it passed to his 
nephew Mr. Kekewich, who sold it to the late Mrs. Sarel, from whom it passed to Sir Matthew 
Onslow, who now possesses the entirety of this ancient manor. 

Manekium ■] A perfect Rentall of the Moyety of the High Rents of the Manner aforcs'', due 
DE > vnto the Barton of Hametethie, together with the Moors Rent and Relieues 

Hametethie. J when they happen, which have been vsuallie and yearely paid as by the pai'ti- 
cidars following, viz' ; — 

£ *•. d. 
Thomas Darrell, Esq. for stepps in Advent . ... 

& for Moores .... 

John Vivian, Esq. for Carwether 
Barnard fflammock for Bocarne 
Christopher Cocke, Esq. for Higher fearnacre 
Phillip Sprey, Gent, for Church Towne 
Wilham Pawle ffor Hill 
Reig. Rogers for the same . 
John Hocken for the same . 

U i 




• Probate granted, London, 9 Feb. 1690, Vere 126. 

In Hilary Term, 22 and 23 Charles II. Humphry Nicoll suffered a recovery 
manor of Hamatethy, and in Hilary 27 and 28 of the same King the same Hi 
of this and other manors to the same William Beale. Roll 130. 

t Sir Henry Onslow, before mentioned, died on the 19th Nov. 1870, whilst thi 
press, and is succeeded by his brother. 

X Recoveries 4 Anne, Roll 146. 

1 William Beale of a sixth part of the 
iphry Nicoll again suffered a recovery 

were passing through the 


Anthony Nicoll, Esq. ffor Pallmers 9d. and ffor Ari. 

John Mullis for Henny Weare, 2^d. . ^ 

The heires of Jenken ffor the same, M. . \ 

The heires of White for the same, 2^,d. . S 

Thomas Lower, Esq. for Layes 

John L}Tiam for the same . 

John Lord Koberts for Layes, Gd. . . \ 

& ffor Rowden, 5d. . . . ( 

M'= Phill for Kep-cs Hill . 

W™ Hoeken, Gent, for Higher Trewint, 2hl. ^ 

for Lower Trewint, 2hd. . . . ! 

for Garross & TryfuUet Downes, 2kl. . [ 

& for Trewint and Garross Moors, Is. Cxi. . J 

John Nicoll, Esq. ffor Hennon, Is. 9c/. . ( 

& for Starloek, Gd. . . . . ) 

More for Outer Nemell 

Andrew Piper ffor Torr 6(7. & for Moors (3i/. — Li al 

Ambrose Manaton, Esq. for Carwethcr 

Christopher Hawken ffor the same . 

The heires of Sir Richard Carnsew for Melland 

Stephen Tucker for Chaple . 

Sum tot' 

A Rent roll of the Manno'^ of Hamatethie 

Note.— This document, which is in the collection of tlie author, is not 
relate to some year between 1634 and 1651. 

1 6 

u y 






n Symonward. 

dated ; but it is shewn by internal e 

The Vicarage akd Parish Church. 

As the parish church was originally fomided by a lord of the manor of Hamatethy, and 
anciently appertained to that manor, we propose to treat of it here. 

There is no certain evidence when it was founded. Tlie first record relating to it, so far as 
we know, is an undated charter printed by Dr. Oliver, which that learned author attributes to tlie 
reign of King Stephen or Henry II. or a little later.* Liasmuch, however, as Robert de Cardinan, 

* Mon. Dioc. Exon. p. 37, i 


who was one of the attesting witnesses, was alive in 1224,* and Hugh Bardolph, another witness, 
was Sheriff in 1185 and in 1201, and died in 1203, we must conclude that the charter was not 
made much earlier than the close of the twelfth century. By the charter alluded to William 
Peverell granted the church of St. Brewvered to God and the ehurch of S. Andrew of Tywar- 
dreth, and the monks there serving God, for the good of the soul of the said William, the souls of 
his father and mother, and all his ancestors ; in consideration of which gift Andrew, then prior, 
and the convent, granted to William Peverell and his heirs to have service three times a week in 
his chapel at Hamathethi from the mother Church, whensoever the aforesaid William or his wife 
should bo present there.f 

We have no knowledge when this church was transferred to the Bishop of Exctor, but we 
find that by a charter dated 5th Sept. 1278, | Bishop Bronscombe appropriated its rectory to his 
dean and chapter, as well with the view of celebrating the festival of his patron saint, St. Gabriel, 
on that day, as for the good of his soul and the souls of his father and mother, and the souls 
of all his successors Bishops of Exeter ; and a few days afterwards, viz. on the Sunday next 
before the Feast of the Exaltation of Holy Cross, he endowed the vicarage of St. Bruered 
with the tithe of hay, and with the tithe of sheaf within the township of Lank Minor, with all 
the glebe and the Iraildings thereon, with the exception of two acres English reserved for the 
dean and chapter. § 

At a survey made by the chapter in 1281, the vicarage was estimated at the yearly value of 
15 marks (equal to 10^.), and the rectory at 30 marks ; and at the same sm-vey the cliancel was 
reported to be good and well covered, but indifferently lighted. 

At the ecclesiastical valuation of Pope Nicholas ffinished 1292), this benefice was taxed 
under the name of Ecctia de Bruwered at 71. \\ 

At the valuation of King Henry VIII. the profits of the rectory were returned as "nil," 
because it was appropriated to the Cathedral of Exeter ; but the vicarage was valued in great 
tithes and in small, with the agistment of the glebe, beyond 8.s. 9^^^. due for sinodals, 8^. This 
survey was completed by Trinity Term 1535, by virtue of a royal writ dated 30th of the preceding 

* Excerpta Rot. Finium, vol. i. 110. f Mon. Dioc. Exon. p. 42. 

J Vide Appendix I. No. 1. § Vide Appendix I. No. 2. 

II In tlie 14tli and 15tli Edw. III. statutes were passed granting to tlie King a subsidy of a ninth and fifteenth for 
maintaining the safety of the realm in the wars against France, Scotland, &c. It consisted of the ninth sheaf, the ninth 
fleece, and the ninth l.imh, and, in cities and boroughs, the ninth part of all their goods and chattels. Other persons were 

assessed at a fiftcniili, <■■.,■, pi ■ |, lidi-aile people and others who live of their bodily travail," who were excused. 

Assessors and veiiilii. ■ ;; i I i ii every county to assess and sell the ninths and fifteenths. For facilitating the 

collection it was nli' i I Hiat the assessment should be based upon the valuation of benefices in Pope 

Nicholas's taxatiou, up .u llu; ;i. uijiiiiijii that the ninth of the corn, wool, and lambs in 1340 was worth as much in a parish 
as the tenth of corn, wool, and lambs, and other titheable commodities in 1292, when the valuation of Pope Nicholas was 
finished. The procedure was thus : the parishioners in every parish found upon their oath the true value of the com, wool, 
and lambs, then the amount of the ancient tax of the church was stated, and afterwards the causes why the ninth did not 
equal in value the tax of the church. In some counties and parishes local causes greatly reduced the value of the ninth. 
In this parish it was sold for the same, as is shown by the following record : " Of the ninth sheaf, fleece, and lamb of 
the parish church of St. Bruered taxed at 8?., and according to this sold by William David, William Longe, Henry 
Carwctherhet, and Kichard Carwctherhct. Of lo'''' truly none."— Nonarum In(iuisitioncs, p. 345. 



January. There is, however, a later survey of the diocese of Exeter extant, returned to the 
Crown by Bishop Vesey on ord Nov. 1536.* 

At present the area of the parish subject to the payment of tithes is 9,230 acres, and the 
undermentioned annual moduses, or prescriptive or customary payments, are payable instead of 
all tithes other than those of corn and grain of the following lands : — 

In respect to a tenement called Hennon, containing 79 acres 1 rood 6 perches . 
,, Coombe, containing 53 acres .... 

,, Coombe Mill, containing 14 perches 

,, Jeffries tenement in Penrose, containing 11 acres 

,, Hengar Woods, containing 20 acres 

those parts of the Barton of Hengar which are in this parish, 

containing 80 acres 

In respect to a glebe containing 70 acres, when not in the manurance of the 

Two tenements of Lank and Lower Lank, by the grant of Bishop Bronescombe above- 
mentioned, renders all tithes, great and small, to the vicar of the parish, in respect to which he 
has to keep in repau- the chancel of the church. The gross rent-charge payable to the tithe- 
owners, including the tithe of glebe, is — 

To the vicar £294 

To the dean and chapter 154 



List of Incumbents. 

Cir. 1189 to 1299. Osbert was chaplain of the Chm-ch of St. Bruered when it was granted to 

the Priory of Tywardreth. 
Cir. 1230 to 1240. " Thomas, parson of St. Bruei-ed," is witness to a charter without datef by 

which Odo, son of Walter Treverbyn, granted certain land, &c. to the 

Priory of Tywardreth. This was probably Thomas de Treverbyn, upon 

whose resignation in 
1272 . . John Julius J was institiited. 

1275. . . . Arceneks, sub-deacon, § was instituted. 

* The earlier survey appears to hare been unsatisfactory in some minor points, and certainly, so far as Cornwall was 
concerned, omitted the names of the incumbents, notwithstanding that the Commissioners were strictly enjoined to return 
them everywhere. As regards St. Breward no additional information is afforded except that John Fote is returned as 
Ticar. (See Oliver's Ecclesiastical Antiquities, vol. ii. p. 51.) 

t Mon. Dioc. Exon. p. 43. Charter xix. ; which from internal evidence would seem tc have been made cir. 1230-1240. 

X Bronescombe's Register, fo. 49. § Idem, fo. C9. 

5 A 


1278. Sept. . . Warin de Sancta Tetlia * was instituted. 

1297. . . . Drogo was vicar.f 

1329. June 29 . Sir Jolm Coiy,| priest, was collated. 

1335. Deer. 29 . Thomas de Stafforde,§ priest, was collated. 

1363. . . . Walter Solers.|| 

1373. April 9 . Sir John Lunal was collated. 

(Date unknown.) . Thomas TrengofF, upon whose resignation 

1376. Novr. 5 . John Hankyn ** was instituted. 

(Date unknown.) . John Hokey, upon whose death, 

1419, April 1, . Reginald Russell ft """^s instituted, upon whose death, 

1439, July 1, . Henry Ley J| was instituted, upon whose resignation, 

1492, June 25, . Henry Waren §§ was instituted, upon whose resignation, 

1512, April 22, . John Fotte,|||| chaplain, was instituted, upon whose resignation, 

1541, Deer. 31, . John Bathe * was instituted, upon whose death, 

1571, Jidy 17, . Lewis Adams,-!- clerk, was instituted, upon whose death, 

1607, Sept. 30, . John Pellyton,t clerk, was instituted. 

1631. July, 21 . Tliomas Marwood,§ after whose death, 

1669, Oct. 21, . Nicholas Philips,|| clerk, was collated by the bishop by lapse of time, upon 
whose resignation. 

's Keg. fo. 89, vide Appendix No. 2. 

t Drogo occurs as vicar in 1197. A subsidy was levied in Parliament for prosecuting a war with France, and Pope 
Boniface issued a bull prohibiting the clergy from paying any tallage or imposition levied upon them by any lay prince. 
In obedience to this bull, many of the Cornish clergy in common with others refused to pay the tax. The King seized 
their goods, and in some cases their persons, and compelled them to enter into recognizances with lay sureties if they had 
no lay fee of their own, to pay certain fines, and to have writs of protection for their persons, goods, and lands. Among 
them was Drogo, Vicar of St. Breward, who gave surety, as appears from this record : " Johannes de Bickebiry de 
Londesende recog. & oblig. se regi pro Drogone Vicar. Ecclesia; S. Bmeredi, Exon. Dioc. dimid. mar." We find his 
name again in the list of those who had paid the fine : " Drogo Vicar. EcclesL-E de Sancto Brueredo." Prynne's Records, 
iii. pp. 702, 717. 

J Grandison's Register. § Idem. 

II Upon an Inquisition taken in 1363, on a vacancy in the Chm-ch of St. Tudy when Walter Solers was presented, it 
was found that he was also Rector of Helland and Vicar of St. Breward. Grandison's Reg. U3. 

f Grandison's Reg. ** Brentyngham's Reg. fo. 43. 

tf Stafford's Register, fo. 197. 1422. Licence granted to Reginald Russell to celebrate Divine service in the chapels nf 
St. Michael and St. James in this parish. Lacy's Reg. fo. 40. 

:: Lacy's Reg. vol. ii. fo. 179. §§ Booth's Reg. fo. 41. |||| Oldham's Reg. fo. 47. 

« Voysey's Reg. fo. 107. 1571. Joh'nes Bathe sepul. fuit 22 Aprilis. (Par. Reg.) 

t Bradbriilgc's Reg. fo. 2. See Monumental Inscription No. 3. 

J Carj's Reg. fo. 86. John Peliton matriculated at Exeter Coll. Oxon. 2 July 1582, aged 19, of the county of 
Devon, " Plcb. fil'.'' He attended an Episcopal Visitation at Bodmin 9 April 1622, and was buried 24 June 163J. 

§ Thomas Marwood matriculated at Exeter Coll. Oxon. 8 Feb. 1604-5, aged 19 years, of county of Devon. " Pleb. fil'." 
He was excused for not attending an Episcopal Visitation at Bodmin, 2 Aug. 1668, propter senectutem. 

II Gauden's Reg. fo. 115. One of this name matriculated at Wadham Coll. Oxon. 2 Nov. 1638. aged 16 years, of 
couuty Cornwall. " Saeerd. fil'." 


1677, Sept. 25, . William Salmon,* clerk, M.A. was instituted, upon whose death, 

1691, June 29, . Nicholas Downe,t clerk, M.A. was instituted, upon whose death, 

1723, July 2, . William Blake,J clerk, A.B. was instituted, upon whose cession, 

1726, Sept. 26, . John Torr,§ clerk, A.B. was instituted, upon whose death, 

1729, Jan. 11, . Phihp Hieks,|! clerk, M.A. was admitted, upon whose cession, 

17o8, March 19, . William Kelly,1I clerk, A.B. was admitted, upon whose death, 

1742, Sept. 7, . Thomas Bennett,** clerk, M.A. was admitted, upon whose death, 

1767, Aug. 5 . Ralph Barron,ft clerk, A.B. was admitted, upon whose death, 

* Sparow's Reg. fo. 78. 

" 1677. GuUielmus Salmon hnius Parochiie Vicarius et Maria Hill filia Christopheri Hill parochia; Michulstouieusis 
Rectoris nupti fuerunt decimo quarto 9bris." (Par. Reg.) 

1690. William Salmon, Vicar, was buried Feb. 2. (Par. Reg.) 

1678. Christopher son of William and Mary Salmon (Vicar) was baptized 11 Sept. (Par. Reg.) 

1685. John son of William and Mary Salmon (Vicar) was baptized 6 Feb. (Par. Reg.) 

t Lamplugh's Reg. fo. 109. One of this name was B.A. at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, 16G3. 1723. Nicholas iJowne, 
Vicar, buried June 23. (Par.'Reg.) 

X Bishops' Reg. New Series, vol. vi. to. 7. 

§ Bishops' Reg. New Series, vol. vi. fo. 48. 

John Torre matriculated at Exeter College, Oxon. 15th March, 1715-6, aged 17, son of John Torre " clericus," of 
St. John's, Cornwall. He was B.A. 7 March, 1721-2, and a fellow of Exeter College on the Cornish foundation 1718-28. 
He was also vicar of St. Winnow, where, from the parish books, he appears to have been resident, and he was buried in the 
chancel of the church there on 11th Sept. 1728. 

II Bishop's Reg. New Series, vol. vi. fo. 67. 

Philip Hickes matriculated at Exeter College, Oxon. Sth April, 1717, aged 17 years, son of Philip Hickes " clericus," 
of Gulwall, CO. Cornwall, B.A. 13th Oct. 1720, and M.A. 27th June, 1723. 

1 Bishops' Reg. New Series, vol. vii. fo. 31. 

William Kelly. One of this name matriculated at Exeter College, Oxon. 17th March, 1732, aged 18 years, son of 
William Kelly, of Bideford, co. Devon, gent. 

*» Bishops' Reg. New Series, vol. vii. fo. 80. 

•ft Bishops' Reg. New Series, vol. be. fo. 27. 

Ralph Baron matriculated at Exeter College, Oxon. 4th April, 1759, aged 19 years, son of Jonathan Bar(jn of 
Lostwithiel clerk, son of John Baron of Tyntagel, Cornwall, gent. Mr. Baron was a clever, though somewhat eccentric, 
man, and an inveterate punster. He was the author of several pieces of poetry both in Latin and English. About 1810 a 
few Devonians paid a visit to Cornwall as tourists, one of whom, it was said, was the late Lord Fortescue, then 
Lord Ebrington, who left behind them some lines facetiously derogatory to the county. Mr. Baron replied to them in 
the same strain. Beside these lines several other pieces of poetry from his pen remain in MS. none of which, so far 
as we know, have been printed. We may mention the following : " On Bodmin Races," " Ode to Fancy," " The Hue 
and Cry, or England's Revenge," " An Apology," addressed to Mrs. Read of Tremere in St. Tudy, " The Pretty 
Mountaineers, or a Trip to Brown Willy," " Lines on some Villages on the West Coast of Cornwall," " In Dominam, 
ultimo inter fluctus discrimine mirum in modum servatam, Julii die 15, 1791," " On Restormel Castle near Lostwithiel," 
" In Vitam Rusticam," " De Cane et Lupo (Fabula)," " De Ano et Ancillis," " Quid tibi vestanto Lignum Jactator hiatu." 
The following are given as specimens: 

An Ode to Fancy. 
Ideal Power, to whom belong Indulge the bard, the muse inspire, 

A thousand beauties, aid my song. And teach her how to tune the lyre. 

Shed o'er my verse thy lucid ray. Thro' boundless space the active mind 

Aid .smile propitious on my lay;— Excursive ranges unconfin'd. 



1814. Feby. 22 . Nicholas Gray,* clerk, M.A. was admitted, upon whose death, 

1815, June 16, . Thomas Jones Landon,t clerk, M.A. was admitted, upon whose death, 
1851, Jany. 27, . George Martin, | clerk, D.D. was admitted. 

Wliilc she, whose motions none control, 
Can wiift a thought from pole to pole. 
Behold a sceptre in her hand 
She bears, and waves her magic wand. 
Lo ! now 'mid Zembla's snows she stands, 
And now on Airic's burning sands; 
Now on some hoary mountain brow, 
Well pleas'd to view the rale below. 
Descending to the verdant glade 
She flies, or to the sylvan shade. 
But chiefly thou delight'st to dwell 
With maniac in his dreary cell ; 
Or else, in some sequestered nook 
Reclining, near the babbling brook. 
Sometimes a King dispensing law, 
Or beggar on a bed of straw. 
Or else a statesman, solemn, grave ; 
Or soldier strutting bold and brave. 
Creation's charms are all her own, 
And scenes by Nature's pencil drawn. 
Yon arch,* where many a colour glows, 
Boasts not such tints as Fancy shews. 

Her freaks and frolics oft are seen 
Conspicuous in the " Fairy Queen."t 
While Shakspeare, fav'rite, darling child 
Warbles his native wood-notes wild. 
In dreams and visions of the night, 
Which vanish at th' approach of light; 
Spectres and ghosts (a ghastly train !) 
Are wont to issue from the brain. 
" As birds which mounting from the spray 
Thro' a:ther wing theii- devious way ; — 
Or ships 'mid swelling waves we find 
Which float and leave no tr.ack behind :" J 
Thus we in vain the phantom trace. 
The fugitive still mocks the chace. 
Yet what avail such transient sights, 
Or what sublunary delights ! 
Grant that, when clos'd the shifting scene. 
Replete with labour, care, and pain, — 
0, thon stupendous Deity, — 
Our views may centre still in Thee; 
Wliere joys, surpassing all below, 
And pleasures from the fountain flow ! 

Clara splendescat procul inter .-edes 
Aula rcgiiles: procul absit urbis 
Fastus — aspirat mihi Musa lasto 

Ruris alumno. 
Musa, qua: turbaj est inimica pravse 
Kure agens, umbras colit alma nutrix 
Pads intonsas, et amcena quairit 

Otia vati. 

Nee sibi lautiE dapis est par.inda; 
Cura, libato neque sacra Divo 
Orgia, oblectat nee utroque luxus 

Missus ab Indo. 
Partnrit fruges agar: instat anni 
Spes redux: anres avis et canendo 
Mulcet allectas, redoletque dulcis 

Naribns aura. 

Inter argutas juvat ire sylvas 
Me, recens ortos ubi ver amictus 
Induit, curis juvat et solutam 

Ducere vitam. 

1814. R. Baron, vicar of this parish, buried Jany. 6, aged 72. (Par. Reg.) 

* Bishops' Reg. New Series, vol. x. fo. 63. 

Nicholas Gay matriculated at Baliol College, Oxford, 10th May, 1771, aged 18 years, B.A. 1 
olcrk of Newton St. Cyres, Devon. 

t Bishops' Reg. New Series, vol. x. fo. 78. 

Thomas Jones Landon matriculated at Worcester College, Oxford, 3rd July, 1805, aged 1 

son of Nicholas Gay 

n of Thomas Landon of Tedston de la Mere, 
X Bishops' Reg. New Scries, vol. xiii. fo. 

). Hereford, Gent. Buried at St. Breward, 4th Nov. 1850. 


The original Norman structure was probably cruciform, with a narrow aisle on each side of 
the nave. The present building consists of chancel, nave, north aisle, and a small chapel on the 
north of the chancel separated therefrom, and from the transept, by well carved oak parcloses ; a 
south aisle, extending to the length of the nave and chancel, with the exception of the two 
westernmost bays ; a south porch, and a western tower. The sanctuary rises by three levels of a 
step each. The fabric is of much interest, exhibiting every style of architecture from Norman to 
modern work. (See Plan, Plate x.) 

The original walls of the chancel and nave remain, and are of Norman work, the pillars of 
which are very massive, having the usual square bases and radiating fluted capitals, with the other 
distinctive features of the architecture of the eleventh century. (See Plate xi. fig. 12.) The 
eastern bays of the north aisle are, however, of a somewhat later character ; one has appa- 
rently an inscription, or certain peculiar markings, on it. (See Plate xi. figs. 4a and 46). 

Great alterations would seem to have been made in the beginning of the foiu-teenth century. 
The whole of the walls of the aisle, transept, and chapel were removed and rebuilt, at which time 
it is probable the transept was enlarged. A perpendicidar line of joints in the stonework, seen on 
the exterior, seems to show that the north wall was pulled down subsequently to the others, and 
re-erected about two feet further out. 

The north aisle, with the exception of the two westernmost bays, which have been recently 
rebuilt, the chapel and transept are of good Second-Pointed work. The south aisle, with its piers 
and arches,* the porch, and the tower, are all of Third-Pointed work. There is a small piscina in 
the north wall of the south aisle under a somewhat plain arch. (See Plate xi. fig. 7.) 

The chancel window, a good two-light specimen in Early-Geometric style, was designed by 
the architect Mr. J. P. St. Aubyn, under whose care the church was restored, f It was re-opened 
for divine service on St. Mathew's Day, 1864. The windows in the north chapel, transept and 
aisle are two-light windows of a type exceedingly common in work of the Second-Pointed period. 
The windows in the south aisle are four-light, the eastern one a five-light filled with tracery, in 
in which, as is usual in this style, the vertical lines sub-dividing the lights predominate. 

The font is of Norman date and of a peculiar form. A short cylindi-ical stem rises out of a 
base of a cushioned character and supports the basin, which has a square plinth diminished to a 
circular form at the top (see plate xi. fig. 5). Over the south door are placed the arms of Wil- 
liam III. : 

f 1700. 1 
I W. R. i 

* A of a column hexagonal in form, of Norman work, which is bnilt into the wall of the school-house, was, 
perhaps, from the original aisle (sec Plate xi. tig. 11.) A similar capital is preseryed in the [ilcasm-e groimils at Great 

t We are indebted to Mr. St. Anbyn's courtesy for the accompanying plan of the church. 
5 B 


Tlie tower, which has been struck by lightning twice within the last hundred years,* is the 
most recent part of the original work. It is of three stages, 54 feet in height, surmoimted with 
an embattled parapet and crokoted pinnacles of a common form, and of questionable beauty as to 
proportion. (PL xi. fig. 1.) It may, however, be noticed that the crockets are of a peculiar type, 
representing dolphin's heads. The pinnacle on the north-east, which caps the stair turret, is 
modern and inferior in workmanship. The corbels of the hood-moulding over the east window of 
the bell-chamber are very singular in their character, representing men holding, apparently, 
large bottles. Tliere is a similar sculpture in the pleasm-e-grounds at Great Lauke, with this 
exception, that in the latter case the figure i-epresents an angel. (PI. xi. fig. 14.) It is pro- 
bable that these singular devices, of bottles, or possibly of musical instruments of some kind, 
commemorated an incident in the life of the saint to whom the church is dedicated. 

The tower contains five bells, all recast by Fitz Anthony Pennington in 1758. f They are 
respectively of the following dimensions, and are inscribed as below : — 

1st Bell. Diameter at the mouth 2ft. Tin. " Peace and good neighbourhood and prosperity 
to this Parish. 1758." 

2nd Bell. Diameter 2ft. l^'m. Inscription, " f. a. p. f". 1758," with coin impressions. 

3rd Bell. Diameter 2ft. llin. Inscription, " Fitz Anthony Pennington cast we five in 1758." 

4th Bell. Diameter 3ft. Inscription, " Jn". Bennett, Vic. ; Sam'. Michell, Esq. W"'. Hockeu, 
and Walt^ Symons, C. W. 1758. F. A. P." 

5th Bell. This is broken into pieces. Inscrii^tion, " I to the Church the living call, and to 
the grave I summon all." Note of the old tenor, " F." 

There are some good bench-ends remaining in this chm-ch, though removed from their 
original uses. They are carved with the emblems of the Passion and other usual devices of the 
15th century. (PI. xi. figs, a to i and x, y, z.) Some of them beai- family arms (plate viii.) : 
a a saltier ; b a saltier cotised ; c a chev. between three roses (Lower ?) ; d two bird-bolts in 
pale ; e three pikes naiant to the sinister, probably the arms of the Priory of Bodmin reversed ; 
/. . . . three rests? one and two, probably intended for the arms of GrenviUe. The same 
arms occur correctly drawn on the bench-ends in the neighbom-ing church of Saint EndelHon. 
See 2^ost. 

* Notes of the Exeter Diocesan Ai-chitectm-al Society. 

t The bells were recast in a small garden just outside the chm-chyard fence, due cast of the church. It was after- 
wards called the " Bell Garden," and is shewn on the parish map as No. 49S. Within the last 20 years, however, 
considerable alterations have been made in the enclosures near the chui-ch, and the " Bell Garden '' has been absorbed into the 
field numbered on the map 497. Fitz Anthony Pennington was drowned in crossing Antony Perry with a bell in a boat, 
intended to be set up at Landulph, on 30 April 1768, aged 38. He was buried in the tower of Landulph Chiu-ch, where a 
mural tablet is erected to his memory, with, in addition to his name, age, &c. the following lines : 
Tho' boisterous winds and billows sore 

Hath toss'd me to and fro, 
By God's decree, in spite of both, 
I rest now here below. 

ElUicombc's Church Bells of Devon, p. 57, 


In the Chancel. 
(1). Gilbert Parker, D.D., died March lOth, 1795, aged 74. 
To thy reflexion, mortal friend, 
Th' advice of Moses I commend ; 
Be wise and meditate thy end. — Dent, xxxij. 20. 

(2). Sacred to the memory of Eev'^. Ralph Baron, lato Vicar of this parish, who died January 
1814, aged 72 years. On the plinth below : — 

I Ivuow tliat my Redeemer liveth. 

(3). On a broken tablet (a portion of which is lost) is a part of an inscrij>tion to the memory 
of [Lewis] Adams, Vicar of Breward. Deceased and his wife are represented kneeling in jjrayer. 
(See PI. xi. fig. 8.) The border contains the words : 

. . . . s lyfe the xxiij day of August in Au'o domi 1607 vicar of Breward xxxvj years, and 

so ended this lyfe. 

Within the border is inscribed : 

This worke was made at the cost of John Adams his sonne 1609. 

(4). An adjoining slab commemorates probably John, the son of the last-mentioned. At the 
top is the name I. Adams, and on the corner of the slab L. A. (probably his widow's initials). 
These verses are added : 

The godly lyfe hee lyved, 
Hee to the worlde dyd showe, 
But here remaiaes his bed 
Tyll sounde of Trumpe shall bio we. 
Let children learne by this my cost and payne, 
Not to let dye ther bm'ied father's fame. 

(5). In the floor of the chapel belonging to the manor of Penrose Biuxlen is a stone with the 
following inscription : 

Here lyeth the Body of Ann the wife of John Billing of Hengar, Esq., the Daughter of Francis 
Trelawny of Venn, in the County of Devon, Esq., who departed this Lyfe the First of August Anno 
Dom. 1687. 

Arms: Or, upon a bend sable tlux-e stag's heads, couped, of the field (Billing), impaling : 
Ai-gent, a che\Ton sable (Trelawny). 

(6). At the east end of the south aisle is a large slate monument with the following inscrip- 
tion beneath the arms of Bilhng, differenced with a crescent. Willl\m BillinCx of Lanke, geiif. 
was buried the 17th day of February 1654. 


A character of the deceas'd shal be 
No subject of this strait epitomie ; 
Expect no large encomiums at al, 
No thing of stern nor panegyricall. 
Charnels and Tombs need only hint but this, 
Survivor, heed thy metamorphosis. 
(7). On a low altar-tomb in the south aisle is a slab with figures of a man and his wife each 
with a large ruff about the neck. Both are kneeling, the former at a faldstool, upon which is an 
open book. The hands of both are clasped in pi-ayer. The stone is mutilated, and the following 
is the only part of the inscription which remains : — 

the memory of ... . rstpher Eogers, gentillman, who deceassed this lyfe the xvth day of May in the 
yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred and foure. 

This works was made to the cost of Eiguald Eogers, gentelman, 1G09. (See PL xi. fig. 13.) 

(8). On the north side a broken tablet attached to a tomb bears the following inscription : — 

Here licth the body of Nicholas Bvrrovgh, gentelman, who was bvried* th o dom'i 1654. 

Lord, 1 am not puft in mind, 
I have no scornfvl eye, 

1 do not exersise myself- 

In things that be to hye ; 
Bvt as the child that weaned is, 

Even from his mother's breast ; 
So have I, Lord, behaved myself 
In silence and in rest. — Psalm cxxxi. 
The world is like a jilay where every age conclvdes his scene [and] so departs [the] stage. Thvs 
playcs posti his naturs forgeting . . . takes it for 

In the Churchyard. 

(9). On an aUar-tomb is a slab inscribed around the margin : 

Here lyeth the body of John Borrough of Penquite, gent., was buried the 21'" of luly, Anno Dom. 
1G9G. Beatrice his wife was buried 28'" of March, anno 169G. John their son was buried the 29'" of 
Xovemb. 1712. 

In the middle of the slab are these lines : 

Man that is born of a woman is of few days anil full of trouble; 
he cometh fourth like a flower that is cut downe, he fleeth 
also as a shadow and continueth not. 
Death driveth all to its first mother dust, 
Fearfull to the Evil but Joyfnll to the Just. 

* 1G54. NkbuUsBorrowe wasburiutUaMiirch. Tar. Reg. 


Beatrice, the wife of William Bexnett, daug-liter of John Borrough of 
Penquite, Gente. buried the 27'* of March, 1728. 
She is gon before and left me here behind, a beter wife I think no 
man could find. 
A shield of arms displays a chevron between three flenrs de lys. 

(10). Near the south wall of the church, and just within the churchyard entrance-gates : — 
In memory of Ellen, daughter of George Martin, D.D. Vicar of this parish, and Harriet his wife. 
Born 25"' April, 1853. Died 30th Jan^, 1856. 

Of such is the kingdom oi God. St. Mark, x. 14. 

(11). On a high tomb: — 

Here lieth the Body of Iohn Symons, who was buried the 26'" day of March, 1758, in the 58"' year 


The entries of baptisms, marriages, and burials ai-e all contained in one volume from the 
commencement of the record in 1558 to 1784. The register of baptisms is very imperfect. No 
entries were made fi-om the year 1584 to 1585 inclusive, though space is left in the book. They 
are irregular in the years 1588, 1590 to 1604, 1606, 1608 to 1611, after which the record appears 
to have been pretty well kept, with the exception of fi-om 1647 until 1784. The marriage 
register is more perfect, and the entries appear to have been regularly made, except from the 
years 1618 to 1620, for which period there are no entries. From 1621 to 1753 they appear to 
have been duly recorded. 

The record of burials appears to have been kept with tolerable accuracy from the commence- 
ment to 1785. 

A second volume contains the entries of baptisms, marriages, and burials from 1786 to 1S12. 

In consequence of a misapprehension no entries of baj^tisms or burials were made from 1832 
to 1850. 

The earhest names which occur in the registers are Baker, Hawkin, Chaplcn, Karnike, 
Dawe, Hambly, Hocken, May, Davy, Tome, Shepherd, Pawley, Cocke, Gilbert, Bate, Rogers, 
Chapman, Bathe, Blewet, Broade, Hoskyn, and Rennals, &c. 


We have already noticed that William Peverell had a domestic chapel at his house at 
Hamatethy. We find two chapels mentioned in the diocesan registers as liaving been licensed 
for divine service. The first was in 1371,* on the 1st Sept. in which year a licence was granted 

* Bp, Brentingham's Register, vol. i. fo. 13. 



to Sir Hugh Peverell, knt. to have service iu the chapel of St. Michael the Archangel " atte 
EoghtoiT " during the pleasure of the bishop. On 12th Oct. 1419 * a more general licence was 
obtained by Sir Reginald Russell, vicar of the parish church of St. Bruard, to celebrate divine 
service in the chapels of St. Michael and St. James in the same parish ; and on 10th Nov. 1435 
another licence was granted for the chapel of St. Michael. f We have no means of satisfactorily 
identifying the site of the chapel of St. James, though we are incHned to think this chapel was 
situate at a place yet called " Chapel" on the western side of the parish. Tradition stiU points 
to the mowhay as the burial ground, iu which human remains are said to have been found. 
Formerly some carved stones were lying about in it, but when the dweUinghouse was rebuilt they 
were used up in the walls. 

There is an ancient well at this place the waters of which were believed to possess .special 
healing qualities. (See pi. xi. fig. 2.) It was visited formerly by the peasantry in considerable 
numbers who made certain votive offerings. The faith in its virtues has now, however, been 
almost wholly lost. 

There is no difficulty respecting the site of the chapel of St. Michael. It was situated 
on the most easterly of the two peaks of Roughtor, where the foundations may still be traced, 
and some of the materials of the walls yet remain, though most of the ruins, wliieh were 
of a characteristic nature, have been removed. A stone which formed the arch of the door was 
carried away by a Mr. H. C. Vosper in 1836, and inserted over the doorway of a small public 
house called " The Britannia," then being built, on the road leading fi-om Camelford to Alternun, 
just at the boundary of the parishes of Davidstow and St. Clether. It has a two-centred arch 
with a moulded edge on the inner surface, out of which arises a fleur-de-lis somewhat rudely 
incised. (See plate xi. fig. 9.) There is also a small column of a Norman type, which is said to have 
been brought from the Roughtor Chapel ; but, from its character, we think it more probable 
that it was obtaiueil at Launeostou. (Sec plate xi. fig. 10.) 


A new national school-house was erected iu this parish in the year 1853, and a class-room 
has since been added. These schools are conducted upon the mixed system, boys and girls 
together, by a certificated master, and will afford accommodation for about 120 children. The 
average daily attendance is at present about '50. Built into the wall over the doorway of the 
new house is an ancient sculptured figure of a deacon. (See pi. xi. fig. 3.) 

The only parochial charity arises from a bequest under the will of the late Robert Skinner of 

* Bp. Lucy's Register, Vol. III. fo. 40. f 15p- Lacy's Register, fo. 13.5. 




Exeter, Gent, dated 12th March, 1859,* and consists of 10s. per annum to be distributed by the 
minister and churchwardens on Christmas Eve each year for ever to and among the poor people 
of the parish, whether receiving jjarochial relief or not, in bread or money, preferring the most 
needy and the most deserving. 


There are two meeting-liouses of dissenters in this parish. One belonging to the " Bible 
Christians " is situate at Limehead, in connection with which are 41 registered members. A 
new Bible Chi'istian meeting-house is now (Sept. 1870) in course of erection near the village of 
St. Breward. The other belongs to the United Methodist Free Church Connection, and f 
32 registered members. The last is at Lower Lank. 


We do not find this manor of Penrose in the Domesday Survey. It was doubtless taxed 
under Blisland, to wliich lordship it anciently appertained, as is shown by the earliest recortl 
relating to it which has fallen vinder our observation. This is a confinnation by King John on 
7th January, in the second year of his reign (1200-1), " Know that we grant, and by this our 
present charter confirm to Peter Bm'don, son of Robert, son of Geotfry, one hundred shillings 
laud, which Reginald f Earl of Cornwall, uncle of King Henry our father, gave to the aforesaid 
Robert, father to the aforesaid Peter, in liis manor of Bloston, viz. Penros, with all its appurte- 
nances, to be held by him and his heirs of the heirs of the aforesaid Earl by the service of half a 
knight's fee." | At the same time was granted a confirmation of lands in Teinton given by King 
Henry III. To have this confirmation Peter Burden gave the King 60 marks and one palfry.§ 

In the 19th Henry III. (1235), iipon the collection of the aid granted upon the marriaoe 
of Isabel, the King's sister, to Frederic II. Emperor of Germany, Richard Burdon paid 8s. 4(7. 
for half of a small fee in Penros. || 

This manor formed also a tithing, and as such was amerced in 1284, because it had been 
slack in endeavouring to discover a murderer ;1I and in 1303 it was again fined for not appearing 
fully at a coroner's inquest.** 

Li the inquisition taken 29th Edward I. (1301), after the death of Edmund Earl of Cornwall, 
among the fees ])ertaining to the castle of Launceston, it is found that the heir of Richard 
Burdon held half a fee in Penrosburden, and the value is stated to be 100s. per annum. tt Tiiis 

* Proved at Exeter 30 March 1859. 

t Reginald died 1175, so that the original grant was before that date. J Kotuli Chartaruiii, p. S3. 

§ Rot. de Oblatis et Finibus, m. 94. || Testa do Nevill, p. 201. 

f Assize Rolls, 12th Edw. I. m. 8. d. ** Assize Rolls, 30th Edw. I. m. 57. d. 

tt Inq. p. m. Edmund Earl of Cornwall, 28th Edw. I. m. 41. 

378 PAuisn OF st. bruered. 

heir was without doubt Nicholas Burdon, who, upon the aid being levied in the same King's 
reign for the marriage of the King's eldest daughter, was returned as holding half a fee in 
Penrosburden. From him it jiassed to Johanna, wife of William Tremblethou, which William, 
in right of liis wife, held this half-fee in 20th Edward III. when the aid was levied for knighting 
the King's eldest son,* which it is said was before (referring back to the aid mentioned above) 
held by Nicholas Burdon. We have no distinct evidence to show that Johanna was the heir of 
Nicholas Burdon, though it is i^robable. In 1342,t however, Richard de Reskilliston suffered a 
fine in this manor to William Tremblethou. It would appear that in 1348 the manor was vested 
in the family of Peverell, for in that year Thomas Peverell and Wentheliana his wife levied a 
fine therein of Hugh Peverell.^ This fine was repeated the following year, when the said Hugh 
acknowledged the right of the said Thomas and Wentheliana to the said manor, to be held bj^ 
them and the heirs male of their bodies for ever of the said Hugh and his heirs, by the rent of 
one red rose annually on the Feast of St. John Baptist. Nevertheless, we find from the inquisi- 
tion taken after the death of Edward Prince of Wales (1378),§ that he died seized of half a fee 
in Penros-Burdon, which was then held of him by Johan, who was the wife of William, son of 
Robert. We have no doubt, notwithstanding the dissimilarity of names, that this William and 
Johanna are identical with William Tremblethou and Johanna his wife above-mentioned, and 
identical also with William Fitz-Walter or Fitzwauter, who died, as appears fi-om his inquisition 
post-mortem taken at Lamerton on Saturday next after the Feast of St. Gregory 9th Rich. II. || 
seized, /«/(/■ iiJi<u "I' thi' manor of Otterham and of this manor. Of whom this manor was held, the 

jurors say lln'\ .-ire iuimrant, but they state that after the death of the said William, John were 

entered upuii it, ami lidil it. Thomas Fitzwater, son of the said William, was found to be his nearest 
heir, and of the age of 11 years and more. As concerning this manor, an inquisition was taken at 
" Merwenchirch " on Monday next befoi-e the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul, 21st Rich. II. 
before Henry Ilcombe, escheator, and a jury, who found that William Fitzwauter on the day on 
which he died held the manor of Penrose-Burdon of the King by military service, as of the Duchy 
of Cornwall and Castle of Launceston ; that after the death of the said William it was seized 
into the King's hands by Johii Aston, then escheator, the value being 10 marks per annum, and 
held for two years and more ; that the King granted this manor and all the lands in Cornwall of 
William Fitzwauter, to William Corby, together with the marriage of Thomas, son and heir of 
the said William Fitzwauter, to receive to his own use of the profits 20Z. per annum, and to 
account for the surplus into the Exchequer ; that Edward Earl of Devon, on Tuesday in the 
vigil of St. Thomas, 12th Rich. II. entered upon the said manor and expelled all those who 
claimed to hold of the King, and that he occupied the same and took the profits to his own use 
for five years nest following his entry ; and that the said Earl held two parts and took the profits 
for four yeaz-s following the five years, the other third being held by Margery, who was wife of 
the said Thomas Fitzwauter, as her dower ; and the jury say that the profits of the two parts 
belonged to the King until Nicholas, son and heir of Thomas Fitzwauter, then in the guardian- 

* King's Rememb. Office, Miscl. Books. Book of Aiils, lo. lit. f IV.los Finiimi, (Uh Edw. III. Trinity No. 2. 

X Pedes Einium, 22nd Edw. III. Mich's. No. 3. § \m\. p. m. 2ud Kich, II. No. 57. 

■| Inq. p.m. 8th Rich. II. No. 16. 


ship of William Drayton, knt., his uncle, and aged four years and more, should attain full age. 
The jury also found that Eoger Treftry held lands in Hampill of William Fitzwauter as of this 
manor, by military service ; that the said Eoger died and left a son and heir Eoger, and that 
the Earl of Devon took from him 25/. for his marriage, which of right belonged to the King.* 
Edward Earl of Devon shewed in 1401 that the King had no claim to the property of the manor 
nor to the marriage of Roger sou of Eoger TreflFry.f 

How this dispute was finally settled is not very clear. The young child Nicholas Fitzwauter 
would appear to have died within age without issue, for in an ancient pedigree in the Heralds' 
College, Margaret, daughter of William Fitzwater, is shewn as his heir. She married Gilbert 
Wybbery, and her grandson John Wybbery presented to the rectory of Otterham in 1422. | 
He married Leva, daughter and heir of John Gorges of Dartmouth, which Leva afterwards 
married Thomas Btnville, and died seized, inter alia, of the manor of Penrose-Burdon.§ Thomas 
Bon^^lle presented to the rectory of Otterham in 1454. U Li 1403, however, when an aid was 
levied for the marriage of Blanche the King's eldest daughter, it is stated that Nicholas Burden 
held in Penros-Bm-don half a fee of the fee of Moreton.^ We are inchned to think, however, 
that this return is not strictly accm-ate, for Nicholas Burden is shown above to have been dead in 
the reign of Edward III. 

The manor, therefore, would appear to have been conveyed in marriage by the heiress of 
Burden to William Tremblethou, alias Fitz Walter, and by his daughter and eventual heir into 
the family of Wibbery. John Wibbery left it to his widow. Leva, daughter and heir of John 
Gorges, who died of it seized 16th December 1491, being then the wife of Thomas Bonville ; and 
Ann, her granddaughter, the wife of Philip Coplestone, was found to be her heir.** On the inqui- 
sition taken after her death it is shown that Thomas Dowrish, John More, Eichard Bree, and 
William Cooke, by a writ of right, recovered this manor, together with the manors of Otterham, 
Porthilligres, and other lands, fi-om Thomas Bonville and Leva his wife, and then, by charter 
dated 5tli March, 37 Hen. VI. (1459) confirmed the same to the said Thomas and Leva for life ; 
and after their decease to the heirs males of their bodies ; in default of such issue remainder to 
Philip Coplestone and Ann his wife, and in default remainder to the right heirs of John Wibbery. 
From this last limitation it may be inferred that the estate was derived from the family of Wibbery. 
Thomas Bonville died on Saturday next before the feast of St. Valentine, 1467. In virtue of this 
settlement the estates descended to the family of Coplestone. Pliilip Coplestone of Coplestone, co. 
Devon, who married Ann, daughter and heir of John Bonville, son and heir of the above Thomas, 
died seized, inter alia, of this manor on 16th October 1472,tt and from him it descended to his 
great-great-grandson John Coplestone, who in 1592 alienated this manor and other lands to 
William Billing, ats Trelawder, of Hengar. t if 

* Escheator's Inquisitions 19 Rich. II. to 1 Hen. IV. 

t Lord Treas. Rememb. Office, Exch. Trinity. 2nd Hen. IV. m. 3. J Bp. Lacy's Register, fo. 41. 

§ Inq. p. m. 1st Edw. IV. No. 24. || Bp. Lacy's Register, fo. 286. 

U Subsidy Rolls, 3d Heniy IV. U. This name was errone(jusly printed by Carew as " Nicholas Bindon." Sui'vey of 
Corni\all, p. 42. Ed. 1769. ♦* Inq. P. M. 1st Edw. IV. No. 24. 

tt Inq. B. M. 13th Edw. IV. No. 66. tt Bodes Finium, 34 et 35 Eliz. Michs. 


Since the acquisition of this manor by William Billing it has never passed by sale. It re- 
mained in the name of Billing until the death of John Billing of Hengar in 1688, His daughter 
and heir carried it in marriage to the family of Lower, from wliich family it passed through the 
Michells to Sir Matthew Onslow, Bart., in the same manner as the Manor of Hamatethy before 


It appears from the inquisition post mortem of William Fitz Wauter, who died 10th May 
1385,* that on the day of his death he was seized, inter alia, in two parcels of land in Brown- 
walyiig and Stymkodda, which he held by military service of Ealph, son and heir of Jolm de 
Wellington, who was then a minor, and in the wardship of the King, as of his manor of Fowyton, 
which manor was held of the King in capite of the castle of Launceston, by the eighth part of one 
knight's fee.f In 1639 William Pearse of Davidstow, gent, died seized, i7iter alia, of two messuages 
in Blake Meadnatorr and St. Brewer, which he held of the Lord of the Manor of BrownewiUie in 
free socage, the value, beyond reprisals, being 20 s. per annum. | We do not find any other notice 
of this manor. 


The Manor of Standen in this parish, in the time of James I. belonged to the fomily of 
Rogers. Christopher Rogers of Lank died seized of this manor, with the appurtenances, in 
15 James I., which he held of the Lord of the Manor of Carwedritt in free socage, and the pay- 
ment of one grain of wheat. § 


in this parish, was formerly the residence of the family of Borrough, to whom there are monu- 
ments in the church and chm-chyard. (See pedigree pos^. ) 


" Lanke Major," "Great Lanke," or " Miclie Lancke," or "Michel Lancke"|| as in early 
times it was frequently called, was parcel of the possessions of the family of Hocken. Upon tlio 

* liiq. 1'. M. sth llich. II. No. 16. f See Pedigree of Wylyngton, post. 

t Inij. 1'. JI. Wards aud Liveries. § Inq. P. M. 15 James. Bundle 27. Wards and Liveries. 

II Miche or Michel Lanke signifies Great Lank. Mocheltrewynt or Great Trewynt in Advent is mentioned in STth 
Henry VIII. with reference to a stipendiary founded at Camelford by the ancestors of Bodulgate. Chantry Kolls, 
Cert. 3 and Cert. 'J, No. 12. Augmentation Office. See also Oliver's Mon. p. 484. Pedes Finium, 10 Elizab. Hilary. 


marriage in 1592 of Reginald Billing, second son of William Billing of Hengar and Ann, 
daughter and heir of Thomas Hoeken, it was conveyed to the Billing family.* In 1627 
Reginald Billing rebuilt the house, as is shown by the remains of two arched granite doorways 
still remaining on the premises. The house was formerly enclosed within a courtyard surrounded 
by an embattled wall, through which one of these doorways, which is 5ft. lOin. in the opening, 
formed the entrance. On the drop ends of the square-headed hood-mouldings is the date 1627 
before mentioned. The other doorway, which is oft. Gin. in the opening, formed, and still forms 
(for it remains in situ) the principal enti-ance to the house. Upon the drop ends may be seen the 
initials of the builder R. B. (Reginald BilHng). (See plate viii. figs. 3 and 4.) 

After this date " Great Lanke" became the residence of the younger branch of the Billing- 
family. William Billing, Gent, died there in 1654, and was buried in St. Breward Church, 
where his monument still remains (see p. 373). By deed dated 12 Jany. 1813, Lanke was, with 
other lands, conveyed by Mr. William BiUing, of Great Lanke, to John Phillipps Carpenter, of 
Mountavy, co. Devon, Esq. wlio immediately afterwards, by deed dated 12 Feby. 1813, sold the 
Barton of Lanke, together with Oxbringwood, Leamhead, and Longlands to William Collins, of 
Blisland, Esq. Mr. Collins thereupon altered and, to some extent, rebuilt the old house, and 
made it his residence until his death, when the property descended to his son and heir, William 
Collins, the present possessor. 

In this village was also anciently seated the femily of Rogers, as appears from the Inquisition 
taken at Bodmin before Richard Billing, Esq. Escheator, on 15 April, 15 James I. (1617). f 
No portion of the old house can, however, now be discovered. 


There are here several quaint old houses of the Tudor period with square-headed nuillioned 
windows. The chief of these was anciently the seat of the family of Cock. The front of this old house 
is enclosed within a com-tyard, which had until of late years an embattled wall. It is somewhat 
irregular in its design. The door is protected by a porch, and on each side is a three-light 
square-headed window, beside others of the same type, and the chamber windows correspond. 
These premises, with divers other lands in St. Breward and elsewhere, were in 1755 J sold by 
John Cock, of Trefreak, Esq. to John Harrison, of whose representatives it has within a few 
years past been purchased by W. H. Pole-Carew, of Antony, Esq. who has partially rebuilt the 
house, and has erected excellent farm-buildings and offices. 

* Pedes Finium, 34 and 35 Elizab. Michs. 

f Inq. P. M. 15 James. Bundle No. 27. Wards and Liveries. 

t Deed dated 9th Aug. 1755, in the author's collection. 




These families, successively inheritors of the manor of Hamatethy, require a brief notice at 
our hands — brief only, for we have necessarily treated of them somewhat fully in our account of 
the manor. 

Peverell. — This family, of which there were several branches, dates from the time of the Con- 
quest, and derives its descent from Maud daughter of Ingeh'ic concubine of Wilham the Conqueror, 
who married Ranulph Peverell ; but the issue of Ingelric, both by the King and by Ranulph, are 
said to have assumed the same name.* The Peverells of Hamatethy and Park were descended 
from the Peverells of Sanford Peverell, in the county of Devon, seated there early in the reign 
of Hen. II. being descended from William Peverell, who in the time of Hen. I. was seated at 
Weston Peverell, in the same county.f 

Robert de Peverell, in the reign of Rich. I., held nine knight's fees in Cornwall. From him 
descended, as shewn in the annexed pedigree, Thomas Peverell, wlio was living in 1349, and had 
remainder in Hamatethy and the other Peverell estates in Cornwall. We have failed to find 
direct evidence of his heir, but Sir Thomas Peverell, Knt. , supposed to be his grandson, as Hugh 
Peverell held lands in Hamatethy in 3rd Hen. IV., held the same lands in the beginning of the 
fifteenth century. By Margaret his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Courteney by Miu-iel one of the 
daughters and coheirs of John Lord Moels, he had two daughters, Alianore, who married Wilham 
Talbot and died s. p., and Catherine, who became the wife of Sir Walter Hungerford, Treasurer 
of England, who was summoned to Parliament as Lord of Hungerford, Heytesbury, and Hamet, 
2nd Hen. VI. 

Having written with some fullness of the families of Hungerford and Hastings under the 
head of Hamatethy, wo need not add anything further here, but merely refer to the annexed 

Egbert de Peverell, temp. Eich. 1.%=^ 

held 9 knts. fees in Cornwall. \ 

Arum : A:, three garbs and a chief or. \ 

William FitzEobert, Hying 40 Hen. ni. (1250.)f= 

Walter Peverell. t J-'^"- of John Trevigou? 

(Hugh?) PeTerell.T= Henry Peverell, liv. 12 Ed. I. oh. s.p.=Matilda. 

Hugh Peverell of Hamatethy, 16 Edw. I.;=F 

heir of his uncle 1288. Mentioned in Assize 
Eoll 30 Edw. I.; held one fee in Hamatethi. 

* Nicolas' Synopsis of the Peerage, p. 515. 

t Lands. MS. No. 901. See also : Hoare's Wilts. Heytosl.i: 

p. 333. X The names printed in Capitals show those w 


Hugh Peverell, born 1307, aged six years 
death, 7 Edw. II. Granted the manors of Penrose-Burdou, 
Pendavy, and Rillaton, to his son, 23 Edw. III. (Pedes Einium. 
In the same year he is witness to a deed at Trei 

■don, I 

^Wentheliana, liying 23 Edw. III. 

Sir Thomas^M 
Courteney. j i 

jr Ta!bot=p:MARGAEET, dan. and sole heir of William Lord Botreaux. 
-■; died 7Feb. 1479 (Inq. p.m.); 

Sir Walter Hnngerford, Knt , Lord of Hnngerford, Heytesbnry,=|=Catherine, dan. and Aliajs'OE, eldest dau. and coheir of 

and Hamet. Summoned to Parliament 2 Hen. VI. Will dated I coheir of Thomas Thomas Peverell, bom cir. 1382; 

1 July, 1449. Peverell, born cir. mar. William Talbot, ob. s.p. 17 

Arms: Barry of four arg. and gv. in chiefs plates. \ 1394. Hen. VL 

Robert Hungeefokd, fonnd heir to his am 
17 Hen. VI. Summoned to Pari. 29, 31, a 
died 14 May 37 Hen. VI. (1459.) 

Robert Hnngerford, summoned to Parliament, v.p. jure uxoris=pAlianor, dau. and heir of Katherine, mar. Lord 
as Lord Molines, taken prisoner at Hexham and beheaded | William Lord Molines. de la Ware. 

1 Edw. IV., bur. at Salisbury. | 

j^Ann, dau. of Heniy Percy,Earl SiR WALTEEHDNGERFOED,=T=Janc, da. of Wm. Leonard, 
of Northumberland. joined the Earl of Rich- 

mond and distinguished 
himself ic ' ' 
cillortoH.Vm.jd. 1616. 

and sole heir, born 1468, 
had special livery of seizin 
18 Feb. 20 Edw. IV. Obtain- 
ed reversal of the attainder 
of her father and grandfa- 
ther 1 Hen. VII.; mar. 2dly, 
Sir Richard Sacheverel. 

George Hastings, 3d B 
Hastings, created Earl of 
Huntingdon 8 Dee. 21 J" 
VnL(1529);died24Mt , 
1543; bur. at Stoke Pogis, 
CO. Bucks. 

:Edwaed, son and heir of Wil- Edward Hungerford,=p 

Lord Hastings, 
Pari, j m-e uxoris as Baron Hnn- 
gerford 22 Hen. IV. Restored 
to all his paternal estates and 
dignities by pat. 22 Nov. 1485, 
together with the lands of Sir 
Thomas Hnngerford, his fa- 
ther-in-law, ob. 1507. Will 
dated 4 Nov. 1506 ; bm-. at 
Blackfriars, London. 

n and heir; had livery of 
lands as son and heir of 
Sir Walter Hungerford, 
30 May, 8 Hen. Vm. Pari. 
Rolls, 8 Hen. VHI. p. 1. 

Walter Hungerford, 
Esq. of the body, of Hey- 
tesbury ; had livery of lands 
as son and heir of Sir Edw. 
Hungerford and of those 
of Sir Walter Huugerfon 
father of Sir Edward, 25 
July, 1523. Pari. Rolls, 15 
Hen. Vin. P. 2. m 
Created Baron of Heytes- 
bury by King Hen. VHI. 
After executed 28 July, 

=Jane, dau. of Lord Zouch 

of Harringworth. 

= Agnes Lady Himgerford, 

attainted and convicted 

1 4 Hen. VIH. and hanged 

rd Sandys, 2nd 
abeth, dau. ol 
rd Hussey of SI 


Francis Earlof Hunting 
K.G.; born cir. 1513-14; had 
livery 13 June, 1544; died 
20 June, 1562. Inq. p. m. 
3 Eliz. ; bur. at Ashby-de-la- 

Henry Earl of Hui 
grant of livery 13 June, 
3 Eliz.; died 8 Dec. 1595. 
Inq. p.m. 39 Eliz. s.p. suc- 
ceeded by his brother George. 

■Katherine, eldest dau. and co- 
heir of Henry Pole, Lord Mon- 
tacute,son and heir of Richard 
Pole, K.G. by Margaret Plan- 
tagenet, Countess of Salisbury, 
dan. and heir of George Duke 
of Clarence, brother of King 
Edward IV. died 23 Sept. 1576. 



This family was of great antiquity, deriving its name from the manor of '\Vy]}Tigton, in the 
parish of Sandhurst, co. Glouc. in which county, as in Devon, Cornwall, and other shires, the 
Wylyngtons held considerable estates. Sir John de Wilington was summoned to Pai'liament, 
though unnoticed by Dugdale, from 1329 to 1338, in which year he died, and was succeeded by 
his only son Ralph, who received summons in 1342, and dying 1348 s.p. the barony became 

In Cornwall this family held the manors of Fowyton, Lanteglos by Fowey, Trevilias, and 
others. Of the former manor the manor of Brownwilly seems to have been a member, although, 
except in the instance mentioned jiage 380, we do not find it particularised among the Cornish 
lands of this family. It doubtless passed under Fowyton, which they held for a considerable 
period until 1396, when the line ended in two coheirs, who married respectively Beaumont and 
Wroth. The children of the latter died s. p. and the sole representation rested in the Beaumont 

Arms : Barry bendy indented or and sa. a chief argt. 



Wj'lyiigtoii,=p Johanna; died Eeginald de Wylyng- 

summoned to Pari. I 
1329—1338; died] 
1338. Inq. p. m. 12 
Edw. III. No. 36. 

Tuesday next 
before the 
feast of St. 
John Baptist, 

Ralph de Wylyngton, son and 
heir, aged 30 years 1339, 
summoned to Pari. 16 Edw. 
III. 1342, mar. Alianor, dan. 
of John Lord Mohun, ob. s.p. 
Alianor died 22 July, 1349. 

. j-ed SO 
years and more 1348; 
died on Friday in 
the vigil of St. Mark, 
1355, s.p. 

Henry de Wylyngton,: 
3d son, Lord of Col- 
Terdon, co. Glouc. 
and other lands, died 
1 Edw. ni (1327). 

^Margery, dau. 
of Sir Alex- 
ander Trevill. 

Henry de "Wylyngton, son and= 
heir, aged 13 on his father's 
death in 1327, Lord of Fowy- 
ton and other lands; died 23 
May, 1349. Inq. p. m. 23 
Edw. III. No. 74. 

Joim de Wylyng- 
ton, Knt. son and 
heir, aged 7 years 

Isabella, dau. 
of Sir John 

^Matilda, dau. of Sir 
Walter Carminow, 
died 22 Aug. 1382. 
Inq. p. m. 6 Eich. 
II. No. 75. 

Thomas de Wylyngton, held 
lands in Sandhm-st, co. 
Glouc. for life, by grant of 
his brother John ; died 8 
Rich. II. s.p. 

Eichard de Wy- 
lyngton, Eector 
of St. Tndy 12 
Eich. II. (1388). 

Ealph de Wylyng-=Johanna, dau. 
ton, son and heir, of John Warre, 
died within age re-mar. Thomas 
10 Aug. 1382, s.p. West, 1385. 

John de Wylyngton, 

heir of his brother, 
an idiot; died 3 Oct. 
1396, s.p. Inq. p. m. 
20 Eich. II. No. 55. 

Isabella, aged=pWilliam Margaret,^John 

26 in 1396, Beau- sister and Wroth, 

sister and co- mont. coheir, 
heir; died 26 
April, 1424. 

Thomas Beaumont, Knt. aged^. 
22 in 1424; died Tuesday 
next after the feast of St. 
Martin the Bishop, 1450. 
Inq. p. m. 29 Hen. VI. 

V^illiam Pal-=Elizabeth, si 
ton, Knt. and coheir of 

died 5 Jan. John Wroth, 


I Bea 

* Nicolas's Sj-nopsis of the Peer; 


This family is of Norman descent. The name is still fonnd in France.* It is of great 
antiquity in Cornwall under the following and other forms : Byllun, Billon, Billion, Billovm, 
Bylloun, Bullen, Byllyng, and Billing. 

In 1282 Paganus de Trelewith jDetitioned against Ralph Byllon concerning one messuage and 
one ferling of land in Trelewith, to which Paganus alleged Ralph had no entry, except by 
Richard Billun, who had unjustly disseized the said Paganus, and Paganus recovered his seizin, f 
In the same year Matilda Joyan petitioned against the same Ralph concerning a tenement in 
Trevyer juxta St. Vuelun (St. Eval), but was nonsuited.:]: In 1291 Roger de Treworgy took out a 
plea of assize of the death of an ancestor against John Byllon ;§ and in 1302 Richard Manguen 
petitioned against John Byllon concerning one messuage, &c. in Treyer juxta St. Vuelun, which 
he alleged Alice Beaumoiuie gave to Michael Belet and Matilda his wife, and the heirs of their 
bodies, and that it descended to him as the son and heir of the aforesaid Michael and Matilda. 
John appeared in Court, and said that his father Reginald died seized of the said messuage, after 
whose death he entered as son and heir. He also pleaded that he was within age, and petitioned 
that the hearing of the case might be deferred until he attained his majority. || Tins was granted, 
but we cannot trace that the case was further pursued. 

In 18th Edw. II. John Byloun was bru-gess in Parliament for Bodmin, and in 20th of the 
same King's reign he was knight for the shire, as he was also again, or one of the same name, in 
the 1st, the 24th, and the 30th Edw. III. ; while in the 9th of that King John Billon and Henry 
Billon were burgesses for Bodmin. 

In 1327 John Billoun levied a fine of William MuUeborn in certain lands, the names of 
which are illegible.^ In 1333 we find John Billon and Robert Lestre plaintiffs in the Sheriff's, 
or Hundred, Coiu-t against John Day and William Avery in a plea of default in account; and in the 
same Com-t John Billon of Tregethan was plaintiff against John Melior of Truru March, in a plea 
of debt.** In 1336 John Bylloun levied a fine of Robert de Lestr and others in Trethywol 
(Trethewol in St. Eval?), Treyer, Treworgy, Bodruthen, Pentyr, Trenemedr, Trewinhoys, Penros, 
Eglosheyel, Nanssent, Moelem-e, Trewenyon, Hendremaennuwoles, and Tregyan.ft In the same 
year John ByUoun was one of the Commissioners for collecting the subsidy for the county of Corn- 
wall. In 1340 John Billon is described as of Tregurthan (probably Tregarthen in St. Eval),J J ashe is 
again two years afterwards. §§ In 1346 John Bilyon of Trethewol was associated with the Sheriff 

* Ante, p. 193. 

t Assize Roll 12 Edw. I. 1 \^ + Assize Roll 12 Edw. I. 1 1 3 

§ Assize Roll 19 Edw. I. 2 1 1 || Assize Roll 30 Edw. 1. ill 

t Pedes Finium 1 Edw. HI. Trinity No. 1. *• Sheriff's Court, Pipe OfiSce, No. 514. 

tt Pedes Finium 9 Edw. HI. Exeter No. 5. John Bylon in 1323 tested a charter now preserved at Prideaux Place, 

N) N] 

Jt Assize Rolls 14 Edw. m. 2 [ 3 §§ Assize Rolls 24 Edw. III. 2 s. 6 m. 51. Book of Aids. 
21 \ 23 J 


in collecting the aid levied upon the Black Prince being made a knight. There were thus tTvo John 
Billons living at the same time. Both John Billon of Trethewel and John Billon of Tregarthen, 
appear together as witnesses to a deed, dated 21st Edw. III. (1347), preserved at Trelawne. In 
1350 an assize of view of recognizance was granted to enquire if "William Jaime and John Billoun 
and John his son had unjustly disseized Johanna Polscoth of her free tenement in Hehvyn 
(Hellwin in Crantock). It was shewn in the pleadings that one John Molys, one of whose heirs 
the said Johanna was, was seized in fee of this estate, and by charter, dated at Hehv;yn on Thursday 
in the Feast of St. Petrock, 23rd Edw. III. he granted the same to the said William Jaune and 
John de Tregona, chaplain, and their heirs for ever ; and by another charter, dated at Carantoc 
on Friday in the Feast of St. John Baptist, in the same year, the said "William Jaune and John 
de Tregona granted the said lands to the aforesaid John, son of John BiUoun, who was then 
tenant, to hold to him and to the heirs males of his body, in default of such issue remainder to 
his brothers Thomas, Roger, and Ralph under similar limitation, in default of such issue remainder 
to Roger son of John Byllioun of Tregarthan and his heirs males, in default remainder to John 
brother of the same Roger and to his heirs males, in default remainder to Hervie son of Hillary 
Billoun and his heirs for ever. The jury found that John Billoun was justly seized, and 
Johanna Polscoth was nonsuited, and remained in mercy for a false claim.* 

In 1351 John Billoun levied a fine of John Kellygryn in "Wytheram, and tlie advowson of 
the church of St. Tudy;* and in 1363 "Walter Bullen, son and heir of John Bullen, presented 
"Walter de Sobey to the vicarage of the same church, f 

In 1361 Hervie Billion and Mathew Milward were sued for having disseized John de Soby 
of his free tenement in Bodloweneglos.J It was found that a certain Johanna Irakle was seized 
in the tenement in view as in her demesne as of fee, and by her charter enfeoffed a certain HiUaiy 
Billyou,§ in order that the said Hillary should re-enfeoff the same Johanna and a certain William 
Leys, and the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten, and if they died without heirs remainder to 
the riglit heirs of Johanna. This, however, Hillary was unwilling to do, claiming the land as 
his own, and of it died seized ; and after the death of Hillary a certain Thomas, as son and heir 
of the said Hillary, entered, and of it died seized, after whose death Johanna entered, and was 
of it seized during her life, and recently died of it seized, after whose death entered the aforesaid 
John as cousin and heir of the aforesaid Johanna, viz. as the son of Alice, the daughter of John, 
son of Alice, sister of the aforesaid Johanna ; and the said Hervie, being then within age, claims 
as brother and heir of the said Thomas, because the said Thomas of the said tenement died 
seized, and he entered upon the possessions of the aforesaid John de Soby, and removed him. 
The case was appointed to be further heard at Westminster in Easter Term following, but we 
liave not been able to trace the record. 

In 1363 an assize of novel disseizin was obtained to enquire if John, son of John Billioim 

* Pedes rinimn 25 Edw. III. Trinity No. 2 and 3. t Bp. Graudison's Register, fo. 153. 

t Assize Rolls 35 Edw. IIL 2 Urn, 27. d. 

§ Hilaria widow of John Billion of Trethewol is mentioned in the Assize Rolls 40Edw. III. doubtless the mother of Ilihixy. 


of Tregartliyan,* Alice, who was the wife of John BilHoun, Roger Billioun, and John Ganon 
had unjustly disseized John luonn of Treuurdre of his fi'ee tenement in Treuurdre juxta 
Pengelly (Trevorder or Treworder in Egloshaile). John Bilhoun alleged that the said lands 
had been in the seizin of his father for a long time past, and that a certain Ivo de Treuurdre, 
father of the said John luonn, whose heir he is, had by a certain charter remised and for ever 
quitclaimed for himself and his heirs to the same John, son of John Billioun, the whole of his 
right, interest, &c. in the said tenement, and obliged his heirs to warrant the same. The charter 
was proffered in Court, dated at Tregorthan, Saturday next before the Feast of St. Margaret the 
Vii-gin, A° r. r. 17th. 

This was probably the first establishment of the family of Bilhng at Treworder in Egloshaile, 
where it floiu'ished for several generations. The evidence, however, wliich we have been able to 
coUect, although sufficient to shew the continuity of the family, does not enable us to construct, 
upon any satisfactory basis, a table of descent. The elder branch, which we suppose to have been 
represented by John Billing of Tregarthen, who seems to have had two sons only, in 1350, 
soon became extinct. The lands he held passed, probably by marriage, into the family of Halep, 
by which family they were held in bulk in 9th Henry VI. (1430-1). A younger branch appears 
to have become seated at Trelawder in St. Minver, sometime perhaps in the fifteenth century, 
from whence they derived the name of Trelawder, fi-equently used as an alias. We shall, there- 
fore, now proceed to Richard Billing of Treworder, whose name stands at the head of tlie 
pedigree recorded in the Heralds' College. He was probably born about 1430, and from this 
date we shall be treading on firm ground. 

Richard Billing of Treworder, or Trevorder, as it is written in the Heralds' Visitation 
pedigree, was probably the grandson of John Billing mentioned above as having acquired 
Trevurder. He had two sons : Richard, who succeeded him at Trevorder, and Thomas. Richard 
had two daughters, coheirs, Ehzabeth, who married George Viell of Wood, co. Devon, and Mar- 
garet, who became the wife of John Kestell of KesteU in Egloshayle ; in respect to wliich alliance 
the arms of Billing are quartered on an old Kestell monument in the church of Egloshayle. t 

Thomas, second son of Richard Billing of Treworder, may have been the fii'st who settled at 
Trelawder, :j: apparently in consequence of marriage with one of tlu-ee coheirs of that name. He 
must have died about the year 1500. His son John Bylyng was assessed to the subsidy of St. 
Minver in 1525, § at a far higher rate than any other inhabitant. Jolm Bylyng, alias Trelawder, 
son of the last, settled in St. Tudy, having married Margery, daughter and coheir of Thomas 

» Assize Rolls 37 Edw. III. 2 i 1 m. 9. 

t Some members of younger branches would seem to have continued in Egloshaile. Robert Byllyng was collector of 
the subsidy for that parish 3.5 Hen. VIII. He was probably the same who was assessed, two years afterwsirds, in that 
parish as Robert Trelawder. We also find Robert Treladeder in Egloshaile in 16 Hen. VHI. John Trelodre in Bodmm 
the same year, as also in the 37th. It is not however unlikely that these may have been scions of the family of Trelaw- 
der, whose heiress carried the estate into the family of Billing. 

J The name still remains in Endellion and neighbouring parishes. 

§ Subsidy RoUs, 16th Henry VHI. 



Blewet * of that parish, descended from the Blewets of Colan. He was assessed to the subsidy 
ill St. Tudy 1544.t In 1568 he acquired Heiigar. WiUiam Billing, his son, was the father of 
two sons : Richard, who succeeded liim at Hengar, and Reginald, who married Ann daughter and 
heir of Thomas Hocken of St. Breward, and founded the family of Billing of Lanke. Richard 
Billing of Hengar was for many years Escheator and Feodary of Charles Prince of Wales. He 
died in 1624,| leaving considerable estates in various parishes, and among them two parts of 
three parts divided in Treleder als Trelawder in St. Minver, which he had inherited from his 
ancestors. His son John Billing adhered to the royal cause dm-ing the rebellion, and was at Truro 
at the disbanding of the horse there, and consequently was admitted to compound for his estate. § 
He left an only daughter, Elizabeth, who was the last of the Billing name at Hengar, and the 
grandmother of Samuel Michell of the same place, who died 1786, the last inheritor of the Billing 
blood of the elder branch. 

Tlie descent of the Billings of Lanke is sufficiently shown in the annexed pedigree. 

* Omnibus, &c. Margeria Byllynge alias Trelawder de parochia de Sancto Tudye in com. Cornub. vidua una filiarnm 
et heredum Thome Blewet defuncti Salutem, &c. Deed in the possession of the author, dated 6 March, 13 Eliz. (1571). 

t Subsidy KoUs 35th Henry VIII. 

X He died 22nd July 1624. John Billing, Esq. was found to be his son and heir, and to be of the age of 15 years 11 
months and 24 days at the time of his father's death. (Inq. P. M. 22 James, Wards and Liveries, Bundle 27, memb. 82.) 
Edward Billing, shewn as the son and heir and said to be aged 22 years at the Visitation in 1620, died in the following 
year, 1621. 

§ Royalist Comp. P-ipers. Vol. XLIX. p. 1C83. 



Richard Billing, of Tpevorderrf 

in the county of Cornwall. \ 

John Billing ^M-axgery, dan. and coh. of Thomas Blcne. 
son and heir, j of St. Tudy, relict of Henry Wade. 

of Si 

Richard Billing of Hangt 
and of Trelotker in co. Cornn 
eldest son, Mscaetor and Fe 
dary of Prince Charles at t'l 
time of the Visitation, A.: 
1620, when he entered hi 
digree and arms; iur.* 


^Elizabeth,U A,ui}r. .Inh.nn,,i,-1 Maria,3 Elizabeth, i "^ 

daw. of John 1 dan. i/tiii. irif, of dau.mar. dau. iap.* 12 o 

Coiiock of wife of John She- Robert Feb.m&;wife^ 

Treworgiein Richard rust of Thorning of Oliver Fla-% 

St. Cleere in Rouse of Morewin- of Sigh m,och of Corn- g 

Cornm. ; bur. Endel- stow in Week in wall. § 

1639.* lion. Cornw. Devon. SeeaDte,p.l83. 1 

Edward Billing, John Billing^ Anne, dau. of Jane,c\d- I'li. 

eldest son and of Sanger, 

heir, aged 22, a" 2nd son, aged 

1620 ; died v.p. 14, an" ' — 

unmar.; buried* bur.* 9 

1621. 1668. 

Francis Tre- est dan. 

lawny of Venn, bap.* 

CO. Devon; died 1596; 


7,ri.-<t„j,/,r,- Worth- Apl. 1621, bap.* 6iV"or.l639, 

It vf Worthemle, Oliver in to Will. 

Cornw. ; both liv- Hamley. 1604. Hamley, 

sr-.t M. I. 1620. ing 1620. =?= Gent. 

Samuel Trelawny, first husband,^Elizabeth Billing, only child and heir, bur.* 1703.n=Eichard Lower, M.D. of St. Paul' 
mar.f 27 Jan. 1651; died s.p. Admin, granted in the Prerog. Court of Cant. I Garden, second husband, mar." 
Will proved in Prerog. Court of 3 March, 1703-4, to her daughters, Loveday 1666. Will proved in Prerog. 
Canterbmy. Mitchell, widow, and Philippa Lower. | Cant. 9 Feb. 1690-1. Vere 126. 

<■ 17 Nov. S 
Court of g 

John, Ann Lower, bapt.§ 25 
bapt.§ Mar. 1673; m. Wm. 
31 Oct. Morice, eldest son of 
1671; Sir William Morice, 
bur.* of Werrington, Bart. 
29 Secretary of State to 

Charles n. Both dead 

in 1690. s.p. 

Samuel Michell,^Loveday= 
of Notgrove, co. Lower, 
Glouc. son of ban.* 30 
James Michell, 
Clerk, Rector of 
that parish; bpt. 
22 Sept. 1668; bu. 
6 Sept. 1701.* 

=Andrew Wheler alias Pit- 
cairne, Gren. Guards, Lt. 
and Capt. 9 Feb. 1684-5: 
Col. of Foot 1 Jan. 1706; 
Maj.-Genl. 9 Mar. 1726 ;t 
died s.p. Will proved in 
Prerog. Court of Cant. 17 
Jan. 1729-30. Auber 15. 

Philippa Lower, bapt.§ 6 
April, 1677; became se- 
cond wife of Maj.-Genl. 
Charles Trelawny, 4th 
son of Sir Jonathan Tre- 
lawny, second Baronet; 
died 7 Sept. 1731; bur. 
at Pelynt. s.p. 


2 July, 

19 Mar. 

SamuelMichellofHengar, only child, bom 1702; Ensign Gren, Gds. 17 Mar.1719-20; Charles Wheler, Louther Wheler, Ann Wheler, 

Lieut. 5 Oct. 1722; Capt.-Lieut. 28 Oct. 1745; Capt. 21 Nov. 1745. Appointed Colonel bapt.|| 12 Mar. bapt.|| 22 Nov. bapt.|| 22 Nov. 

38th Foot 12 May 1756, but declined.^ Died s.p. 6 Oct. 1785. M.L* Will proved in 1707-8; bur, || 29 1710;bur.|| 11 1710; bnr.|| 1 

Prerog. Court of Cant. 14 Aug. 1786, when this branch became entirely extinct. Dec. 1720. Mar. 1713-4. Jan. 1710-14 

'. Tudy. t At St. Breward. At St. Mabyn. § At St. Paul's, Covent Garden. 

II At St. Margaret's, Westminster. ^ War Office Records. 



inn, dan. and heir Johanna, 

'/ Thomas Hocken. wife of 

"I Sf.Bremard;m.* Robert 

1 "92, Sar-t ^^ '^'"^y Raker, of 

11)06. London. 

rrat^Johanna, dau. of JohnB 

lids' \ Stilston, of co. 2tid sor 

■ 20 Cornm. ; bitr.f 9 Sept. 23 an' 
\ 1666. 

of=^Ja7ie Jojje,m.f William, John Billing, of 

/).tU\27Javj/.ie56; bap.tii Great Lanke; 

' ■ ' ' r.Chrht. Febij. bapX 4 Fe^iy. 

of Phj- 1632. 1687 ■■ /'«rt '3 

'•«// F, Jill. 


Jane, d. of 

Cock of St. 
Br en-aril; m.f 
3 Norr. 1667; 
hiir.^ 11 May, 

Richard Billing, of St. Brew- William Billing, of G-reat=^Sarah, dan. 
ard, only child and heir, bap.\ Lanhe, son and heir, bur.f 
8 Feby. 1S58-9; died s.p. Adm" 21 Sept.lllZ. Adm" grant- 
granted to his father-in-law, ed 15 Oct. 1713 in Archd. 
ChistopherTyacli,l6Mar.Wl^, Court of Cormm. to Sarah 
in Archd. Court of Cornm. his relict. 


bur.f 12 Aug. 1744. bap.f 

Will dated 1 July, 6th and 

1744, prov. 19 Ang. bur.f 

mSinArchd.Court 30 May, 

of Corn n: 1669. 



fniald Rilling, 
>.f I March, \7\0. 
nfinned in his 

John Billn, 
Lanhe, mm 

b\i/r.\ 15 Ajh 

<i. of Edward Brond, of Thai, 

; mar. settUmt. dated ^ 

M,ir.\ 7 Jiinr, 1717 ; Mr 


am l;illii„i of- 

Great La like, sun and 


bap.f 19 jXovr. 



1820, in Archd. 

Cmirt of Cornw. 

-I'h'ilipiia Tom, .Ivlni 



,^ — 

nN,da,i.„n7,risti: SanimlJUIl- 


in.V'May, BMinij, 

of ISIi. 


r,in.vfTr€icint,in iiuj, bap.f 1 

ill,/, 6 

1770. Proved i son ; 


■/is/and; m.*S 28 A'ovr. 1769; 


her husband's bap.f 16 

3rd son 

; !,aj,.f 

iinr. 1788; Jwr.H bur.t 5 June, 


mill in 1820. Feby. 

Jmie. 1 

April, ISil. 1813. 



26 J/oy 



William Billing, of Lanke,= 
son and heir; bap. 10 Aug. 
1770; died 1803. Adm. granted 
to Mary his wife 29 Sept. 
1863, in Archd. Court of 

Mary, dau. Thomas Billing, _ 
of John Blisland and of 

Tom, of Lanke, only son 

Blisland; and heir ; bap.^ 4 
livin-1870. ./««(', 1790; bur.n 

9f=pFlizabeth, da. of Jonathan Ann, Mary, Eliza- Betsy, Johanna, 

' Mngdon,of Blisland; bap.% bap. bapt. beth, bapt.f bap.f 10 

18 May, 1794 ; m. Jan. 7, 29 26 bap.f Sept. Feby 

1813. Aftermardsthe wife of June, May, 14 1801. 1805. 

George Rye, of Roconion, 1789. 1793. Fi-hij. 
in Helland; living 1870. 1796. 

Betty A'Lee, 


only child; 

only SOI 

bap.t 31 


mar. Nicho- 

buried 9 

las Tom. 

at Plym 

Irsf of the two daurs. Eliznhdh Ai 

rs ; hap.^1 Oct. 1813; coll. Iiaji.'] 5 

r .Jnkn Maclean, Knt. Marl en n. lliil 

ii llingsmick Lodge,co. mar. at 11,11, 
lid of the War Office; 
Jrlland 5 Recr. 1835. 

'(, '2nd and youngest dau. and 
'ai-r. 1815; wife of Renjamin 
if Auckland, New Zealand; 

t At St. Breivard. 



I certify that the portion of this Pedigree printed in 
recorded in this Office as pertaining to the' family of Bill 
Heralds' College, 

1 November, 1870. 

alics and the Arms agree with the Pedigree and Arms 
g of Hengar and Lanke. 

George Harrison, 

Windsor Herald. 

Richard Margaret, only dan. 
Billing, a" 1620; m. G-iles 
Zson; Hamley of Treble- 
died s.p. thick. 

Meginald Bill- Grace, Anne, 

ing ; l)ap.% 3 iap.X 11 iap.X 15 

April, 1639 ; July, Mar. 

bnr.t 13 Avg. 1630. 1632; 

Loveday, lap.X 





17 Jnly, 1636; 

bap.f 3 


'Wife of 


wife of Wil- 

Oct. 1643; 



liam Prideaux; 




Wills, of 

loth living 



both liv- 



ing 1660. 

in 1660. 

Joseph Billing, Elizabeth Billing, 3Iary, bap.f Catherine, only surviving daughter; bap.f 18 Dec. 1707; mar. John 
bap.f 3 May, bap.f 23 April, 18.4h</.1703; Arthur, Major oil,ostwit'hie\1737. Executrix to her mother's ivill 17ii. 
1712. n02; bur.fS July, bur.fliJuly, =F 

Edward BiUinq.2nd son ;^ 

fMary, da. of Robert 

Jane, Eliuibeth, 




bap.f 24: April, 1753; bur.f 

Lean, of Trehndreth, 

bap.f 13 bap.f 



bap.f 31 

20 June, 1828. Will dated 

in Blisland; bap.^i 

March, 28 Aug. 

12 iMay, 

8 Feb. 1828; proved 18 

21 June, 1761 ; m. at 

1747. 1755. 


Oct. in Archd. Court of 

Michaelstom ViNovr. 



', dan. Robert, Saint John, bpt. 27- 

of .:.... bapt.+ 14 May, 1792. Will dan. of . .'. 

Philp, m.t Feb.1790; proved in Archd. Rickard, 

18 Dec. biu-.t 26 Court of Cornw. mar.f 23 

1813. June, 1805. 8 Mar. 1851. Mar. 1S14. 

Philippa, Mary, bapt.f 27 

maiTied October, 1799; 

Richard mar. Thomas 

Peter of Marshall of St. 

Davidstow. Breward. 

Elizabeth, mar. Henry 
Bastard of St. Breward, 
dead in 1828. 

Edward John, Mary Ann Robert, Edward, William, Mary. 

diedimmarried Philp, bpt.f bapt.f bapt.f bapt.f -p , 

Will proved in 27th April, 17 June, 6 Sept. oi P" 

Archd. Court 1817; died 1821. 1829. "'^ ^" 

of Cornw. 22 unmar. Snsann 
Jan. 1842. 3 Aug 


We have been unable to trace the origin of this family. The name is so common as to baffle 
identification. It is not, however, improbable that the Rogerses of Lanke were descended from a 
family of the same name which we find settled at Bodmin at an early date. In 35th Edw. III. 
(1361)* we find Stephen Rogger of Bodmin suing William Coulyng to recover fi-om him 3,000 
of the tin not coined, of the value of 20Z., which he alleged Coulyng had unjustly detained ; and in 
the same year we find him, as executor of the will of Roger Blake of Bodmin, suing Richard 
Trewynan and Richard his son, Peter de Ralegh, Knt. and John Ferrars, Knt. to recover certain 
considerable sums of money due to the estate of the deceased. In the same year he is again men- 
tioned with Thomasine his wife in two suits concerning land.f At a later date, viz. 8th Hen. VI. 
(1430), at the assize at Launceston,t an assize of view of recognizance was obtained by Robert 
Kayle de Hethe, Esq. to enquire if Roger Martyn had desseized him of a certain free tenement 
in Borestrete, in Bodmin, situate between the lands of the said Roger Martyn on the one part 
and the highway called Maryotyslane on the other part, together with other lands. It appeared 
that these lands had been in the possession of William Roger, who, by a certain charter, dated on 
Sunday next before the Feast of St Thomas the Apostle, 1st Henry V. (1413), had granted a 
part of the premises to Roger and William Martyn, which Robert Kayle claimed as cousin and 
heir at law of the said William Roger, who died s. p. : — viz, as the son of Alice, the daughter of 
Leva, sister of Roger, father of the said William Roger. There can, we think, be little doubt 
that these last-mentioned Roggers were descended from the before-mentioned Stephen ; perhaps 
Stei^hen was the father of Roger Rogger and Leva his sister, but it is not so clear that he was 
the ancestor of the Rogerses of Lanke. Our first introduction, however, to the latter family is in 
connection with Bodmin. In 1470 John Rogers of Lanke was a contributor to the rebuilding of 
Bodmin church, as appears from the accounts : § " Item of Joh Rogger of Lanke y rec. yn parte 
of payment Qs. 8d ; " and again, " John Rogger of Lank, 44.<. 8(Z." Richard Roggers, probably 
a grandson of this John, was assessed to the subsidy in St. Breward the 33rd, and again, 35 
Hen. VIII. (1544), at the highest assessment in the parish, |1 and we conclude he was the father 
of John Rogers of Lanke, who died in 1589, and whose name stands at the head of the Visitation 
pedigree recorded by Reginald Rogers, his grandson, in 1620. Tlie above John had three sons : 
Clu-istopher, the father of Reginald, his son and heir ; 2nd, John, who is believed to have been 
the ancestor of the Rogerses of Blisland ; and 3rd, Thomas, of whom we have no trace. Reginald 
Rogers died in 1663, s. p. m.; but he left several daughters, one of whom, Margery, married 
George Mourton, several children, the issue of which marriage, were baptized at St. Breward. 
(Vide annexed Pedigree.) Arms, as allowed in 1620: Arg. a chev. betw. three st.ags statant sa. 
differenced with a mullet. The same arms have been borne by the family of Rogers of Penrose 
for a eentmy and a half 

» De Banco Rolls, 35th Edw. III. llichs. t W''™ 

X Assize Rolls 8th Hen. VI. Feast of SS. Pcqjetua ct Fclicitas (March 7). 
§ Original Accounts in the possession of the Town Council, ff. 5, 19. 
II Subsiily Rolls, See Appendix No. II. 


Lanke in Cornw.^Tlwmasine, dan. and coheir of 

bnr. 11 March, 1589* 


Rogers, eld- 
bur. 1604. 

John Seydon of Seydoi 
parish of Jacolstow in Corwm. St.Breward 21 Oct. 1596. 

Christopher=YMary, dau. of Wil- John, 
" " Ham, Langdon of 2nd 

Langdon in Jacob- Sonne. 

Reginald Ro- 
gersof Lanke; 
buried April, 

■RichcB, dau. of Richard Ulizabeth, 

Grossman of Lancarjf in wife of Hiigh 

Cornm.; bu. 7 Jan. 1662.* Wills of Hel- 

See ped. ante, p. 298. land. 

;, wife of Robert 
bins of Blysland. 
! ped. of Eobyns, 
•-.e p. 85. 

Ann. art. 



Jane, est. 6 ; 

13. 1620; 

cct. 11; 


bapt. 2 May, 

bapt. 29 


14 April, 


1612;* died 

19 Jan. 1641.* 



in infancy. 

25 Dec. 

(et. a yeare 
and half 
old; bapt. 
16 Mar. 1618. 

Margaret, bapt. 13 
ter, son of March 
Pethercomb, CO. De- 
von, 24Nov. 1658. 

George, George Mour- Jane, bapt. 2 Grace, 

bur. ton, bapt. 1 Feb. 1652;* bapt. 

9 July, July, 1650;* bur. 25 Nov. 16 Nov. 

1648.* bnr. 1666.* 1659.* 

I certify that the portion of this Pedigree which is printei 
n this Office as recorded at the Heralds' Visitation in 1620. 

;;, and the Arms, agree with the Pedigree and Arms 

George Harbison, 

Windsor Herald, 

1 November, 1870. 

* At St. Breward. 


Nicholas Burrow, gent.^Elizabeth, 
bur. 1654. M.I. I bur. 1658. 
Ante, p. 374, No. 8. 

John, Margeiy, Daniel, Robert, Thomas, Nicholas,=p Frances 
bap. bap. 1605. bap. 1615; bur. bur. bur. Hutchinson, 

1C09. bur IClJ. 1609. 1614. 1668. mar. 1626. 

Richard, John Borrough, of Penquite, gent.=pBeatrice Prirm, 
bap. bap. 1630; bur. 1696. M.I. I mar. 1669; bur. 

1632 Ante,-p 3H,No.9. 1696. M.I. 

Robert, an 
in 1696. 

Elizalieth, Mary, bap. John Borrough, ofyJIary Jory, Gunnett, Mary, 

bap. 1673; mar. Penquite, gent. liap. mar. 1698. liap. 16.SU. liap. 

1671 Paw- 1676; bm-. 1712. M.I. 1692. 

ley. A/ite, p. 374. | 

Richard Bon-ough, 


• William Bonyille, did ho^- 
.f;e for his lands in Somerset: 
Feb. 12<i5. Proof of age: 
1. is Hen. III. No. 37. : 

Nicholas Bonville, aged two=f 
years on his father's death 

-Hawise, widow of Thomas Pync 
died 23 Edw. I. Inn. p. m. % 
Edw. I. No. 44. 

Johanna, dan. of Henry de William Dau 
Champernon, by Juliana, dau. Eas 

of Henry Bodrugan. 

Geoffrey Dauniarle.^f;--- 

William Dauniarle, died Mon-=^" 
day next after the Feast of the I 
Cii-cumcision of om- Lord 1335. | 

Miville, Sir John-pAlice, relict of Sir John Rode-=Sir William Bonville,^ 
at Kodeney. I ney, who died Sunday after Knt. died 11 Feb. 1408. 

well. nii.-icjfmno ^ At\f\ T^„ _ ^ T_. « *^ -^^^ 

Christmas, 1400. Inq. p. i 
2 Hen. IV. No. 32. She died 
Thursday before Easter,1426. 
Inq. p. m. 4 Hen. VI. No. 34. 

Inq. p. m. 9 Hen. IV. 
No. 42. Will proved 
atCrediton,1408. Bp. 
Stafford's Register. 

:Mai'garet, dau. 
and heir; died 
Trinity Sun- 
day, 22 Rich. 

Thomas Bonville,yC«cilia, Elizabeth, dau. and heirofJohnFitz-^JohuBonville,sonand 
ol tr "•,''; w-n-"^ ?°Ser Rodeney, remar. Richard I heir,died v.p. 21 Oct. 
p.m. 21 Nov. 14 I William Stuele al's Styuecle; died 16 April, 1396. Inn p m 20 

l-t'^' T ™ O TJ„_ Tr -NT. ,0 JJJJ.J, JJ j^pJ^^j 

Cheney. 1422. Inq. p. m. 2 Hen. V. No. is! \ 

Elizabeth, m. Thos. Katherine,m. „„, „ 

Baron Carew. Will John Wyke, Ga i 

dated 8 Feb. 1451 ; also Sir 

proved at Exon. Cobham. 

John Bonville, born Sii- William Bonville, Knt. b 

21 May, 1400; heir at Shute28 Sept. 1390; sun 

of his brother. In,,. Pari. 28 Hen. VI. ; died 19 ] 

H Hon. IV. No. 14C0-1. Inq. p.m. 1 Edw. 

Johanna, eldest dau. of Hugh de St.: 
John, eldest son of Thos. de Poyn- 
ings, Lord St. John of Basing, by 
Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Martin 

llc,-rWizabeth dau. and John Bonville, born at Basing 4 April,=pJohanna, dau. and i.t 

heu- of William Lord 1413. Inq. 12 Hen. VL; died 25 Aug.T co. Dev-on," th. ' 
I Hanngton. 1494. Inq. p. m. 9. Hen. VIL No. 2. 2 Hen. VI. Ib 

n Bonville, Lord Harington,=pCatherine,dau. of Richard Neville, Ann dau and heir 
ire matris; died v. avi. | Earl of Salisbury. death of her 'j 

Thoinas Grey, Marqnis=pCecily Bon 
of Dorset, 1st hu.sband; 1461; mar 
died 17 Hen. VH. | Earl of Wiltshii-e".' 

beheaded 1554. 

t, dau. of Sir Robert Wotton d; 

)f Bracton; 2nd wife. 

- , eldest dau. and coheir of 
Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, 
by Mary Queen Dowager of France, 
sister of Hen. YUX.; 2nd wife. 

Ralph Coplestoke, boni=pRll h 

lau. of Barth.=JoHN Coplestone of Cople-=f Ca m. 


I of Coplestone, son and heir; 
born 1524; Sheriff 1560; 
I died 1589. 

John Coplestone, born^pSnsl. „i 
1549; Sheriff 1597; died ^ 

1608. Sold Penrose-Burdon 
to William Billing in 1592. | 


John l!eikclcy.=p 

Rolicrt Flcmins.=pHeltcr, d. 


and Richard Burdon,^ 
he paid the "aid" j 

Nicholas 1?urdon,t=- • • 

William KiTZ-=i 


WATER, Sheriff of 

Cornwall 7 Rich. 

II.; died 10 Mav, 

8 Rich. 11. Inq. 

p.m. 8 Rich. II. 

No. 16. 

II of Robert Gilbert Wibbbrt,^Margaret, 

cousin of granted Eastford to 

in. Richard Wibbery 24 

Two demi- Edw. UI. 


son and 

heir, a 

^a-d U 


S Rich. 

Richard, John WiB-=p"- 

Adam=p-'- JohnHawley,^-" 

deCo- I received grant 

pie- of lands 13th 

stone. I Rich.II.1389. | 

Nicholas Fitz- Sii' Robert Tre.silian,=FEincline, dan. mid 

water, b. 139.S. attainted i Ric. II. his I heir, reniar. Jolin 

Inq.21Rie.II. lands sn-anted to John Colshull, Sheriff 

ob. s.p, Hawle> 13 Rich. II. | of Cornw. 21 R. II. 

i!U /E,=:Leva, dan. and-pJoHN Wibbery, died on Sun- John Cople-^Katherine, dan. John Hawley,= 

heir, died 16 
Dec. 1491. Inq. 
p. m. 2 Edw. 
IV. No. 24. 

day next after the Feast of the 
Purification of the B.V. Mary 
1483. Inq. p.m. 1 Hen. VI. 

John Graas of 
Tcign Graas. 

John Trcsilian. 

ColjTigton, John Cople-T=Elizabeth, dan. of John Hawley and Nicholas Hawley, son and hcii-, 1>orn=Isabella, born 
Lawrence, stone. I heir of her brother Nicholas. Inq. 141(); died 7 Sept. 1442, s. p. Inij. 20 Sept. 1442 

li( VI. p. m. 21. Hen. VI. No. 47. p. ni. 21 Hen. VI. No. 47. Hen. VI. No. 

j3 i Sir John Amndell of Lan- 
1 li leanor, dan. of Thomas Grey, 
II Dorset. 

jf Sir William Com-tenc 

il a. of Lewis Pollard. 

19. Berkel 
The Wazor 


Collatio Sancfi Brueredi. 

Universis sanctse matris Ecclesise filiis prKsens scriptum visuris vel audituris, Walterus miseratione Di- 
viua Exoniensis Episcopus, Salutem in Domino sempiternam. Eo puriori desiderio et ferventiori zelo felici 
CEelostis curiee senatui, licet nostro non egeat ministerio, honorem quern possumus pro nostras infirmitatis 
modulo impendere nitimur, quo eundem humanas fragilitatis custodise credimus et speramus deputatum 
certis beatis spiritibus angelicis, certis iidelium animabus a summo ccsli opifice misericorditer assignatis. 
Proinde celebrem ejusdem curise paranymphi Sancti, videlicet, Gabrielis memoriam, cujus beneficium, Divina 
volente clemencia, frequenter sensimus nobis profuisse, sicut possimus lionorare cupientes, Ecclesiam 
Sancti Brueredi in Cornubia, cujus advocatio ex nostra canonica adquisitione ad nos pertinere dinoscitur, 
dilectis filiis Decano et Capitulo Exoniensi nostro in proprios usus assignamus, et assignatam prtesentis 
attestatione scripturaj approjjriamus in forma inferius annotata perpetuo possidendam, videlicet, quod 
prsefati Decanus et Capitulum et eorum successores, singulis annis prima die Lunre mensis Septembris, in 
uostrS, majori Ecclesia beati Petri Exonise ejusdem Sancti Gabrielis memoriam consimili honore in 
luminaribus et aliis, quse in die Natalis Domini vel Paschae fieri consuevit, sollempniter celebrent imper- 
petuum. Ordinantes quod quilibet canonicus presenciam suam corporalem dictse solempnitati exbibens 
pra^ter cotidianas distributiones ipsa die duos solidos, quilibet vicarius similiter praesens duodecim denarios, 
quilibet clericus de secunda fonn§, in sacris constitutus sex denarios, quilibet puer chori infra debitum 
numerum existens duos denarios, de bonis Ecclesise memoratse percipiant annuatim. Ordinamus insuper 
quod in proxima sequenti tertia feria mensis ejusdem, videlicet in crastino festi prsedioti, fiat in 
ecclesia nostra predicta imperpetuum solempnis anniversarius dies per prsefatos Decanum et Capitulum 
eorumque successores, pro anima nostrfi, et pro animabus bonee memoriie Willielmi et Ricardi prajde- 
cessorum nostrorum, et pro animabus successorum nostrorum Episcoporum Exoniensium, et pro animabus 
patris et matris nostra, benefactorum nostrorum omniumque fidelium defunctorum. Ita quod quilibet 
canonicus in hac solempni commemoratione pvwsens duos solidos, quilibet vicarius duodecim denarios, 
quilibet clericus de secunda forma in sacris constitutus sex denarios, quilibet puer chori duos denarios, 
ipso die, in bonis ejusdem EecclesiEe perpetuo participant annuatim ; Statuentes ut quolibet anno 
tertia feria predicta, pr»fati Decanus et Capitulum et eorum successores, quingentos pauperes debiles 
pascant annuatim. Ita quod annona cujuslibet unum denarium valeat in esculentis et poculentis. 
Volumus etiam et ordinamus, ut totum residuum proventuum dictaj Ecclesie Sancti Brueredi inter 
canonicos quos utriusque sollempnitatibus prtedictis interesse contigerit sequaliter dividatur et non in aUos 
usus convertatur. Salva competenti vicaria in dicta Ecclesia Sancti Brueredi ; quam in toto altalagio et 
toto sanctuaiio, exceptis duabus acris Anglicanis terrse, in quibus dicti Decanus et Capitulum possint 
sedificare ; una cum decimis garbarum villse Minoris Lank et tota decima foeni consistere ordinamus, per 
nos et successores nostros honest* personse qufe omni onera ordinaria debita et consueta sustinebit, 
perpetuo conferenda. Statuimus quoque et ordinamus quod quilibet Decanus et Canonicus in sui creations 
banc nostram ordinationem una cum aliis antiquis et approbatis Ecclesiae Exoniensis consuetudinibus juret 
observare. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus duximus apponendum. Datum in 
Capitulo nostro Exoniensi, nonis Septembris, anno gracia; M° cc" lxx° octavo, et consccrationis nostra? 

* Bronescombe's Register, fo. 88 b. 
5 H 

No. 2. 

Universis sanctfe matris Ecclesia; filiis prsesentes litteras visuris vel audituris, Walterus miseratione 
Divina Exoniensis Episcopus, Salutem in Domino sempiternam. Ad universitatis vestrie notitiam tenore 
prsesentium volumus pervenire, quod nos vacantem vicariam in Ecclesia Sancti Braeredi in Comubia dilecto 
filio domino Warino de Sancta Thetha presbitero conferimus intuitu caritatis, assignantes eidem nomine 
yicarije totum altalagium et totam decimam foeni, una cum decimis garbarum villse de Minori Lank et toto 
sanctuario cum redificiis, exceptis duabus acris Anglicanis in quibus Decanus et Capitulum Ecclesise nostrae 
Exoniensis possint sedificia construere. Et vicarius qui pro tempore fuerit sustinebit omnia onera 
ordinaria, debita et consueta. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum nostrum priesentibus duximus apponen- 
dum. Datum apud Tavistock die dominica proxima ante festum Exaltationis Sancta? Crucis anno gratis 
M° cc" lxx° octavo, et consecrationis nostrje xx jjiimo.* 

Richard Roger i 
John Karnyk 
Harry Coke, junior 
Mychell Pawly 
John Coke 
William Chapman 
John Pawly 
Stephen Walke 
Thomas Denys 
John Hawkyn 
John Baker 
John Hamly 
Thomas Chapell 
Nycholas Chapell 
Harry Harrys 
John Carnyk, junior 
Thomas Palmer 
John Palmer 
Thomas Pryer 
John Hodge 
John Rawlyn 
"William Mayowe 
■Richard Mayowe 
William Mayowe 
William Hawkyn 
John Hawkyn 


Subsidies, Hundred of Trigge, 35 Henry VIII. - 
roods x£. Subsidy yj' viij'' John Coll in G 



ij^ viijo 

William Baker 
Richard Coppyn 
John Hockyn 
Harry Rose 
John Coke 
John Hove 
Robert Mone 
Thomas Myll 
John Chaplyn 
John Hockyn 
William Gylberd 
Phylyp Lyve 
Harry Hockyn 
John Hockyn 
John Davy 
Harry Coll 
John Coll 
John Axforth 
William Sander 
Thomas Hawkyn 
Nicholas Hawkyn 
John Brusthe 
Nycholas Coke 
John Newton 








a for this Parish for the Subsidies aforesaid, Lv 
* Bishop Bronescombc's Kcfjisler, fo. 89.