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Representative Citizens 




"All History is Philosophy Teaching by Example'" 



F. J. RICHMOND, Pres.; C. R. ARNOLD, Sec. and Treas. 



The aim of the publishers of this vokime and of the author of the history has 
been to secure for the historical portion thereof full and accurate data respecting 
the history of the county from the time of its early settlement and to condense 
it into a clear and interesting narrative. All topics and occurrences have been in- 
cluded that were essential to this subject. 

The reviews of resolute and strenuous lives that make up the biographical part 
of the volume are admirably calculated to foster local ties, to inculcate patriotism 
and to emphasize the rewards of industry dominated by intelligent purpose. They 
constitute a most appropriate medium for perpetuating personal annals and will be 
of incalculable value to the descendants of those commemorated. These sketches 
are replete with stirring incidents and intense experiences and are flavored with 
a strong human interest that will naturally prove to a large portion of the readers 
of the book one of its most attractive features. In the aggregate of personal 
memoirs thus collated will be found a vivid epitome of the growth of Strafford 
County, which will fitly supplement the historical statement, for its development 
is identical with that of the men and women to whom it is attributable. Sketches 
not corrected by subscribers when submitted to them are indicated by a small 
asterisk (*). 

The publishers have avoided slighting any part of the work, and to the best of 
their ability have supplemented the editor's labors by exercising care over the 
minutest details of publication, in order to give the volume the three-fold value 
of a readable narrative, a useful work of reference and a tasteful ornament to 
the library. 

Special prominence has been given to the portraits of many representative 
citizens, which appear throughout the volume, and we believe that they will 
prove not its least interesting feature. We have sought in this department to 
illustrate the different spheres of industrial and professional achievement as con- 
spicuously as possible. To all who have kindly interested themselves in the prepa- 
ration of this work, and who have voluntarily contributed most useful information 
and data, or rendered any other assistance, we hereby tender our grateful ac- 

The Publishers. 
Chicago, III, February, 1914. 


The Editor has simply to say that in the performance of his part of the work 
in making this book he has kept in mind and endeavored to carry out the plan of 
giving a correct history of the county, as a whole, in its general details, which 
had never been done before, and for each city and town a general outline of its 
leading historic points, characteristics and events, with brief mention of promi- 
nent citizens of former generations. The space alloted for such matter in this 
book would not permit more details. Whatever errors may be found came from 
lack of proper information as to facts and dates. The Editor has carefully used 
all the material at his command and endeavored to put it on paper in an intelli- 
gent style. J. S. 
Dover, N. H., January 26, 1914. 



Notes on Early History of the County 25 

First Use of the Term, "New Hampshire" — Division into Counties — 
Boundary Lines of Strafford County — County Seat Estabhshed — Indian 
Trails and Roads— First Courts— Notable Men — County Officials— At- 


Concerning Courthouses 48 

The "Old Courthouse" and Famous Lawyers Who Practiced There — 
The Courthouse Built in 1842 — Its Destruction by Fire — The Fight for 
County Seat — Dover's \'ictory — Strafford County Jails — The County 
Almshouse — Burning of the Insane Asylum — County Commissioners. 


Medic.vl •. 59 

Strafford District Medical Society — Charter ^Members and Officers 
— Members to Date. 


Homicides .\nd H.xngings in Str.\eford County 64 

The Elisha Thomas Case — Case of Andrew Howard — Execution of 
John O. I'inkham — The Fourth First Degree Murder — Other Murder 
Cases — The Crime of Jose])h E. Kelley — John Williams. 


History of Dover (I) 74 

The First Permanent Settlement in Dover and New Hampshire — The 
Various Grants — David Thompson — Thompson's Island — Mason Hall — 
Hilton's or Dover's Point — William Hilton — Thomas Roberts — Leonard 
Pomeroy — Settlement of 1623 — Tiie Hilton Grant. 




History of Dover (H) loo 

Early Names in Old Dover. 


History of Dover (HI) 105 

The First Parish and Church — Ministers of First Church. 


History of Dover (IV) 114 

Later Religious Societies in Dover — St. John's M. E. Church — First 
Universalist Society — First Free Will Baptist Church — First Unitarian 
Society — Franklin Street Baptist Church — Roman Catholic Church — St. 
Thomas Church — Washington Street Free Will Baptist Church — Belknap 
Congregational Church — The Advent Christian Church. 


History of Dover (V) 130 

The \'arious Forms of Government. 


History of Dover (VI) 136 

Important Events. 


History of Dover (VII) 140 

Dover Neck. 


History of Dover (VIII) 143 

Cochecho — Sawyer Woolen Mills — I. B. Williams & Son's Belt Fac- 


History of Dover ( IX ) 148 

Garrison Hill — The Observatory — John Bowne Sawyer — A Sad Fa- 



History of Dover (X) 157 

The Back River District — ^The Dam — Drew Garrison — The Wedding 
of Amos Peaslee. 


History of Dover (XI) 172 

Indian Attacks on Dover — Durham Destroyed — Berwick Assaulted, 
1703 — Berwick. 


History of Dover (XII) 182 

Dover in the RevoUitionary War. 


History of Dover (XIII) 194 

The Civil War — List of Regiments and Soldiers. 


History of Dover (XIV) 206 

Notable Citizens of Dover in Former Generations. 


History of Somersworth (I) 212 

Origin of the Name — Sligo — St. Alban's Cove. 


History of Somersworth (II) 216 

Ministers and the Parish — The High Street M. E. Society. 


History of Somersworth (III) 224 

The Town and the City. 


History of Somersworth (IV) 231 

Schools and Schoolmasters — Col. Herailes Mooney — Master John 
Sullivan — Master Joseph Tate. 



History of Somersworth (V) 241 

Various Business Interests — Banks and Banking — Railroads. 


History of Somersworth (VI) 250 

Noted Citizens of Somersworth. 


History of Rollinsford (I) 268 

Origin of the Name — The Farmers — Various Industries — Churches — 
Banks and Banking — Railroads. 


History of Rollinsford (II) 274 

Alilitary Record — Regiments and List of Soldiers. 


History of Rollixsford (III) 278 

Notable Citizens of the Town. 


History of Durham ( I ) 286 

The Parish of Oyster River. 


History of Durham (II) 293 

The Oyster River Massacre, 1694. 


History of Durham (III) 301 

Durham in the Revolution — Capture of the Powder at Ft. William and 
Mary, 1774. 


History of Durham (IV) 5^1 

Durham in the Revolution — On the Battlefields and in the Councils 
of State. 



History of Durham (V) 3^4 

As a Business Center and a College Town. 


History of Lee (I) 33i 

Origin of the Name — Parish of Lee in Durham. 


History of Lee (II) 337 

Business and Occupations. 


History of Lee (III) 344 

Men of Lee in the Wars and in Peace — Soldiers — The Ministry. 


History of J\I adbury ( I ) 353 

Origin of the Name Madbury. 


History of IVIaddury (II) 356 

Organization of the Town — Petition for a Parish — First Parish Meeting. 


Hlstory of Mauburv ( III ) 360 

Aladbury in War Times — Garrisons — Meeting House — Moharimet's 
Hill or Hick's Hill — ^Ministers — .Soldiers of the Rebellion. 


History of Barrington (I ) 367 

Origin of the Name and List of Original Pro])rietors. 


History of BARRixirro.v (II) 373 

First Settlers — Garrison Houses — The Two-Mile .Streak. 



History of Barrington (HI) 380 

Ecclesiastical History — Meeting-Houses. 


History of Barrington (IV) 383 

Barrington Men in the Revolution and in the Civil War. 


History of B^vrrington (V) 386 

Town Meetings — Representation in Legislature — Town Clerks and Se- 
lectmen of the First Century. 


History of Barrington (VI) 391 

Noted Persons and Localities. 


History of Strafford (I) 403 

Origin of the Name — Organization of the Town. 


History of Strafford (II) 407 

Churches and Schools. 


History of Strafford (III) 412 

Strafford's Patriotic Record, 1861-1865 — Regiments and Soldiers. 


History of Strafford (IV) 418 

Business and Locations. 


History of Strafford (V) 421 

Noted Persons of Strafi'ord 



History of New Durham ( I ) 434 

Origin of the Name — Original Proprietors. 


History of New Durham (H) 440 

Location, Scenery and Business. 


History of New Durham (HI) 442 

Notable Citizens and Events. 


History of Middleton (I) 449 

Origin of the Name — Leading Points in Its History. ' 


History of Middleton (II) 453 

Noted Persons Born in Middleton. 


History of Rochester (I) 455 

Geographical — Topographical — Incorporation — The Royal Charter — • 
The Town Named — First Meeting of Proprietors — First Clerks — First 
Selectmen — Survey of the Township — Drawing the Lots — The Pioneer 
Settler— Other Early Settlers — Subsequent Division of Lands — Norway 
Plains, Close of the Prospectors' Reign — Last Meeting — Town Assumes 
Control of Affairs. 


History of Rochester (II) 459 

Ancient Local Names and Land Grants — Squamanagonic — Witch- 
trot— White Hall— Blind Will's Neck. 


History of Rochester (III) 466 

Indian History — Garrison Houses — Indian War — First Battle — John 
Richards — Jonathan Door — Danger of Abandonment of the Settlement — 
Petition for the Soldiers — The Old Iron Cannon — Major Davis' Defense 
of the Town — Indian .Attack — The Killing of ^Irs. Hodgdon — The Brit- 
ish Press-Gang. 



History of Rochester (IV) 476 

Town Organization — Change to City. 


History of Rochester (V) 480 

Rochester Men in the Revolution. 


History of Rochester (VI) 483 

Religious Societies. 


History of Farmington (I) 48<S 

Geographical — Topographical — Farmington Dock — First Town Meet- 
ing — Officers Elected. 


History of Farmington (II) 492 

Ecclesiastical — Congregational — Free Will Baptists. 


History of Farmington (III) 494 

Farmington's Shoe Manufacturers. 


History of Farmington (IV) 498 

Farmington Soldiers in the Civil \\'ar — Various Town Topics. 


History of Farmington (V) 501 

Noted Men of Former Generations. 


History of Milton 508 

Location in the County — The First Settlements. 



History of Milton (H) 513 

Concerning Ministers and Churches. 


History of Milton (HI) 519 

Milton Schools and Educational Matters. 


History of Milton (IV) 523 

\'arious Business Enterprises — Military Record. 


History of Milton (V) 529 

Interesting Traditions. 

Representative Citizens 537 

R R O L ^ 



■ .l/.frt /■. ,.,. /,f^, 



Abbott, Samuel B 854 

AdaniB, Col. Winboiu 316 

Allen, Charles A 795 

Allen, John A 904 

Allen, William H 661 

Anderson, Dr. H. E 732 

Andrews, Charles H 888 

Andrews, Hon. Elisha C 608 

Annis, Mark 935 

Atkinson, Wm. K 37 

Bacon, Charles E 632 

Baer, Mrs. Annie W 916 

Baker, Charles 951 

Barefoot, Dr. Walter 209 

Baril, Thomas A 696 

Barker, David, Jr 42 

Bartlett, James 41 

Batchelder, Dr. Edward C 585 

Bateman, John H. 885 

Bates, Dr. J. H 777 

Bates, John W 601 

Beard, George M 750 

Beckwith, Fred N 550 

Beckwith, Harry H 551 

Belknap, Eev. Jeremy 209 

BenBett, Rlartin P 702 

Bernier, August G 739 

Bishop, Eupert G 727 

Blaisdell, Curtis W 577 

Blanehard, Dr. Eoscoe G 562 

Bodwell, Fred L., D. V. S 852 

Bond, Bernard Q 695 

Bowman, William M 915 

Bradley, Charles H 594 

Bradley, Hon. William G 704 

Brennan, Eev. James H 643 

Brigham, Dr. Frank E 775 

Brewer, Luther W 787 

Bron-n, Elisha R 818 

Brown, Fred H 618 

Brown, Natt .^ 814 

Buckner, Charles 208 

Buffuni, David H 265 

Bunker, Fred M 570 

Buniham, Charles E 838 

Eurnham, Charles H 625 

Burleigh, George W 44 

Burleigh, Job H 943 

Burleigh, John A 43 

Buz7ell, Eev. Aaron 398 

Buzzell, Sev. John 398 

Canney, John 706 

Canney, Thomas 209 

Carignan, Dr. Edraond N 559 

Carter, Edgar 1 604 

Carr, Col. James 256 

Carr, Dr. Moses 256 

Cartland, Charles S 599 

Casey, P. F 804 

Casler, Loren D 707 

Caverly, E«v. John 427 

Caverly, Eobert B 426 

Caverno Family 424-426 

Chadwick, Rev. Edmund 454 

Chalmers, David 708 

Chamberlain, Moses G 868 

Chamberlain, Samuel G 868 

Champlin, William H 722 

Chandler, Capt. Isaac 266 

Chapman, Dr. Everett L 732 

Chapman, Frank G 675 

Charrettc, William 673 

Chase, Mark 950 

Cheetham, Joseph H *. 840 

Chesley, Hon. Daniel 594 

Chesley, Guy E., D. V. S 855 

Chesley, Stephen P 952 

Christie, Daniel M 38 

Clancy, F. W 588 

Clapham, Charles 37 

Clark, C. E 788 

Clark, Hon. Frank B 718 

Clark, F. W 865 

Clark, George B 939 

Clark, Joseph 42 

Clements, .Job 207 

Clifford, Henry H 867 

Cloutman, John F 505 

Cochrane, Henry 939 

Coffin, Hon. Peter 209 

Cogswell, Col. Amos 210 

Cogswell, Francis 40 

Coleman, Frank P. 566 

Converse, Joshua 282 

Cooper, I/evi C 674 

Copeland, William J 44 

Copp, Amasa 42 

Copp, Da\-id, Jr 37 

Corson, E. A 723 

Corson, James 793 

Corson, Leonard Z 680 




Cossette, Eugene S44 

Cote, Louis P 616 

Crockett, Charles F 948 

Crosby, Oliver 37 

Cross, Ernest A 864 

Cashing, Hev. Jonathan i08 

Dame, John H 681 

Davis, George A 802 

Dawson, S. F., Jr 879 

Dawson, S. F., Sr 879 

Dean, G. E 700 

Dearborn, Col. Thomas H 556 

De Schuyler, Augustus 947 

Deshaies, Bev. Fabien G 811 

Desrosiers, Eev. O. J 631 

Dougherty, Dr. Thos. J 607 

Dow, Henry 564 

Duntley, Ira W 578 

Durell, Daniel M 37 

Duval, Dr. Ernest 774 

Eastman, Charles H 834 

Eastman, Nehemiah 41 

Eastman, Royal 44 

Edgerly, James B 690 

Edgerly, Koyal M 843 

Ela, Richard 41 

Elliott, Dr. Charles F 260 

Emery, Justin A 563 

England, Walter 749 

Evans, Charles W 585 

Evans, Col. Stephen 208 

Fairbanks, Charles A 583 

Farnham, George \V 623 

Faunce, Alpheus L 733 

Fernald, Kingman 630 

Finlev, William W 656 

Fish,"Robert H 786 

Fisher, John E 701 

Fisher, Samuel C 632 

Flanders, Dr. Louis W 560 

Folsom, Edwin W 723 

Foote, Arthur L ' 738 

Ford, Jacob S. M 922 

Ford, James W 801 

Foss, Charles A 397 

Foss, Hon. Charles H 566 

Foss, Eugene C 717 

Foss, Marshall B 924 

Foss, Newell B 930 

Foster, Hon. George J 880 

Fownes, A. H 697 

Fox, Charles D 805 

Freeman, Asa 38 

Freeman, Cyrus 936 

Frost, Hon. George S 571 

Fuller, Mrs. Diantha J 839 

Furber, Dudley L 549 

Gage, Daniel A 579 

Gage, Elbridge G 912 

Gage, Col. John 30-208 

Gage, Walter 1" 020 

Gagncr, Joseph (;S4 

Galloway, Everett J 564 

Garside, Orimel W ym 

Garvin, William E 283 

Gelanas, A. G 791 

Gilbert, Napoleon H 693 

Oilman, William A 022 

Glidden, John A 756 

Glidden, Leslie W 756 

Goddard, Robert H 743 

Gonic Manufacturing Co., The 894 

Goodwin, Charles A 889 

Goodwin, Rev. Daniel B 454 

Goodwin, Ezra C _ 862 

Goodwin, James '. 753 

Goodwin, Irving E 678 

(ioss, Col. Charles C 648 

(ireen, Dr. Ezra 209 

Grimes, James A 771 

Grant, Dr. L. E 60S 

(iunnisou, William T 696 

(iuppej'j Jeremy B 883 

Guptill, Oscar L 790 

Haines, Hon. John N 657 

Hale, Hon. John P 210 

Hale, John P., Sr 39 

Hale, Hon. Samuel 393 

I liile, Judge Samuel 394 

Hale, Thomas W 396 

Hale, William 211-394 

Haley, Harrison 151 

Hall," Albert 1 711 

Hall, Charles F 747 

Hall, ( ol. D.iniel 634 

Hall, Dwight 931 

Hall, Hon. Frank H 941 

Hallani. Daniel W 857 

Ham, Charles A 914 

Ham, Edgar .1 913 

Ham, .1. Herman 679 

Ham, John T. W 898 

Hanson, B. F 609 

Hanson, Fred J 724 

Hardy, Capt. Washington W 8.56 

Harvev, Frank A. 606 

Han-kes, E. M fi.lQ 

Hayes, Charles C 581 

Hayes. Frank L 5S1 

Hayes, S. Lyman 780 

Henderson, Charles H 717 

Henderson, Frank D 8.58 

Henderson, Harry P 586 

Herrett, David W 609 

Hills, Dr. Charles W 690 

Hilton, .ludge Edward 206 

Hilton, William 92 

Hodgdon, Geo. F 942 

Hodgdon, Moses 37 

Horlor, John E 796 

Horn, W. Ashton 681 

Home, Jesse R 619 

Hough. ,\ndrew J 78^ 



Hough, KalpU 569 

Houle, Hou. Fred A ()U3 

Houston, Jaines G G34 

Howe, Charles L 644 

Howe, Dr. Jmues 4S2 

Hughes, George T 596 

Hughes, Thomas 787 

Hunkiiig, Capt. Mark 377 

Huntress, Dr. Eugene S 75.5 

Hurlburt, Paul 809 

Hussey, Charles H 745 

Husey, Frank E 587 

Jackson, Andrew 698 

Jackson, James A 873 

Jaques, Dr. Edwin D 285 

Jenkins, Horace W 923 

J enkins, Sarah F 947 

Jenness, Judge Benning W 421 

Jeuness, Cyrus L 779 

Jenness, Daniel F 799 

Jenness, Josiah P 816 

Jenness, Hon. Samuel H 752 

Jewell, Hon. John W 846 

Johnson, Dennis A 748 

Jones, Albert D 769 

Jones, ( harles M 945 

Jones, Ira W 877 

Jones, Jeremiah 480 

Jordan, lohabod G 43 

Joy, Eev. Joseph F 446 

Joyce, James H 628 

Keav, Dr. Forrest L 712 

Kendall. Col. Frank L 759 

Killoreii, Hon. Andrew 875 

Kindjall, John L 844 

Kindiall, John S 772 

Kimball, Ralph M 866 

Kindjall, Richard 39 

Kimball, W. A 633 

Kindiall, William K 699 

Kindiall. Willard H 721 

King, Arthur H 688 

Kivel, Hon. John 817 

Knollys, Hanserd 207 

Knowles, Dr. James 481 

Knox. William H 555 

LaPonte, Joseph 605 

LaBonte, Hon. Paul 580 

Lacroix, Eev. C. S 719 

Lane, Edmund B. ,. 841 

Lane, Edmund J 841 

Lane, Robert B 932 

Langley, Hon. Currier W 800 

Langley, George H 85] 

Langniaid, L. F 797 

Lannix, Alphonse 853 

Lawson, Walter S 789 

L.T,yn, Maurice N 769 

Leathers, Alphonso D 798 

Leavitt, Charles H 906 

Leavitt, Charles W 833 

Lcighton, Edgar A 545 

Ldjbey, John G 932 

Littlotield, Alphonso E 652 

Littleiield, Cyrus 626 

Locke, Hon. James A 745 

Looney, Charles H 874 

Looney, Mrs. Emily E 874 

Lord, Charles E .• 694 

Lord, Edward F 928 

Lord, Harlan P 578 

Lord, Oliver H 264 

Lowe, H. C 715 

Lowe, C. W 715 

Lucas, John 662 

Lucas, Hon. Isaac L 653 

Lucey, David J 779 

Lucey, James 818 

Lucey, James, Jr 755 

McDuffee, George D 677 

JIcDuffee, Lieut.Col. John 481 

McDulTee, Willis 575 

McElwain, William L 813 

McGill, Patrick 560 

McNally, Hon. William F 643 

.Maguire, Frank B 699 

Marston, William L 793 

Marston, Winthrop A 43 

Martin, Frank E 809 

Martin, Dr. Noah 211 

JIason, Mrs. Arabella 908 

Mathes, Valentine 767 

Mavo, Dr. Dana B 605 

Meader, Harry H 839 

Meader, John L 851 

Meader, Stephen C 893 

Meader, Walter S 842 

Mellen, Henry 37 

Middleton, Rev. William 453 

Miller, Ira 860 

Miller, Winfield Scott 859 

Millet, Capt. Thomas 208 

Mitchell, Alvin 598 

Mitchell, Stephen 41 

Montgomery, Hon. Samuel P 423 

Mooney, Col. Hercules 231-317 

Morang, Hon. Charles H 906 

Morgan, Christopher 720 

Morgan, Dr. George P 778 

Morin, Dr. Jeremiah J 731 

Jlorrill, Joseph 703 

Morrison, Harry A 705 

Morrison, Dr. Thomas J 610 

Morrison, Walter N 700 

Morton, Hon. William H 921 

Nash, Hiram A 9.34 

Nason, Orrin E 588 

Nason, Hon. William F 781 

Neal, Edward C 677 

Neal, Moses L 38 

Nealley, Benjamin M 685 

Nealley, John H 773 

Noletto, Hon, Joseph E 7.^3 



Nute, Hon. Alonzo 506 

Nute, Hon. John H 913 

Nutter, Dr. George W 649 

O 'Doherty, Jonn D 586 

Osborne, jjowning V 734 

Otis, Charles S 880 

Otis, Hon. Job 422 

Owen, Herbert W 550 

Page, Dr. William H 896 

Page, Victor E 896 

Palmer, Orrin J 682 

Parker, Dr. David T 506 

Parker, Dr. Henry E 537 

Parry, Eobert A 812 

Parshley, Augustine S 709 

Parsons, John 618 

Paton, Archibald B 843 

Pattee, Dr. John E 739 

Peaslee, Joseph E 814 

Peiree, Hon. Andrew 210 

Perry, Hon. Henry E 683 

Pike, Eev. James 219 

Pike, Eev. John 207 

Pike, Dr. John G 284 

Pike, Hon. Eobert G 058 

Pinkham, Alonzo T 806 

Pinkham, Eev. Charles L 447 

Pinkham, George F 878 

Pitman, Charles H 576 

Place, Demeritt 432 

Place, Elder Enoch 431 

Plante, A 616 

Plumer, Charles 886 

Plumer, Hon. FTed 627 

Plumer, Hon. John 481 

Plummer, Bard B 871 

Plummer, Fiank P 852 

Pomerov, Leonard 93 

Pray, Charles F 951 

Pray, Moses H 941 

Preseott, George N 624 

Preston, Hon. Frank B 726 

Pugsley, Everett A 744 

Pugsley, George E 679 

Eandall, Eev. Benj 444 

Eandall, Ira A 841 

Eawson, Jonathan 36 

Eeilly, Eev. Thomas E 553 

Eeyner, Rev. John 207 

Eicliards, Benjamin T 716 

Richardson, .J. Edward 864 

Richardson, .John A 41 

Richardson, Louis M 815 

Eicker, F. S 621 

Eieker, Marilla M 610 

Eincs, William E 740 

Roberts, Amasa 41 

Roberts, E. E 551 

Roberts, Ernest R 632 

Roberts, Judge Hiram B 279 

Eoberts, Howard M 909 

Eoberts, Hon. Joseph D 887 

Eoberts, Simeon B 632 

Eoberts, Thomas 93 

Eoberts, Dr. Walter J 701 

Roberts, Hon. AVilliam H 768 

Eollins, Augustus 280 

Eollins, Hon. Daniel G 261 

Eollins, Judge Ichabod 255 

Eollins, Samuel H 911 

Eoss, Dr. Jonathan S 285 

Rounds, Holmes B 926 

Eoux, Eaoul 624 

Eunnels, Eev. John S 447 

Eussell, Javan M 602 

Eussell, William F 620 

Bust, Col. Henry 30 

Sampson, Capt. Luther B 664 

Sanders, Capt. S. S 670 

Sawyer, Hon. Charles H 770 

Sawyer, John Bowne 153 

Sawyer, Hon. Thomas 210 

Sawyer, Thomas E 39 

Sawyer, William 725 

Scarr, Gerald A 791 

Scales, John, A. B., A. M 600 

Seavev, Hon. Albert F 582 

Seavey, Andrew J., V. S 654 

Seavey, Fred F 737 

Seavev, Hon. J. Frank 590 

Seavey, B. F 778 

Shaw, James 662 

Sheppard, Joel F 545 

Sherburn, Eev. Sanuiol 399 

Sherry, Albert P 552 

Shortridge, Elwill S 551 

Simpson, Arthur W 949 

Smallev, Fred C 712 

Smith, Dr. A. Noel 580 

Smith, Frank J 776 

Smith, John H 40 

Sawyer, Luther D 41 

Snow, Anson E 835 

Snow, Leslie P 835 

Spaulding Brothers, The 940 

Spaidding, Huntley 940 

Spaulding, I^eon 940 

Spaulding, Eolland 940 

Spiers, Fiank E 641 

Springfield, George H 804 

Steele, David 42 

Steuerwald, Louis H 663 

Stevens, Hon. Edwin A 918 

Stevens. F. K 741 

Stevens, Hon. Sidney F 617 

Stewart, Alexander 743 

Stewart, Brooks D 802 

Stiles, Philip H 923 

Stndley, Ira G 706 

Sullivan, Gen. .John 35 

Sullivan, John 235-312 

Sullivan, Dr. Miah B 563 

Sutcliffe, Prof. Frank S 944 

Sweeney, Dr. .John L 587 



Sylvester, Fred A 6S7 

Symes, George F 6ijl 

Tash, Col. Thomas 317 

Tasker, Dea. Alfred 4J9 

Tasker, Charles W., D. D. S 5S9 

Tasker, Euoch 749 

Tasker, Eev. Levi 427 

Tate, Joseph '. 238 

Teague, James F 837 

Tebbetts, E. L 650 

Tebbetts, Noah ■ 42 

Tebbetts, Hon. W. R 621 

Tetreau, Rev. Hormisdas 816 

Thomas, Edwin H 729 

Thompson, Benjamin 327 

Thompson, Davi<l 79 

Thompson, Judge Ebenezer 317 

Tibbetts, Edward B 659 

Tibbetts, Frank L 606 

Tibl)etts, John W 6,s9 

Tibbetts, Samuel 37 

Toliey, Rev. Alvan T 292 

Tolman, Dr. George A 576 

Towle, James B 730 

Tonle, Jeremy B 933 

Townsend, Henry H 861 

Townsend, John C 642 

Townsend, John E 861 

Trask, Elkanah 777 

Trickey, James E 925 

Tripe, George A 684 

Tuttle, A. Eoseoe 800 

Tuttle, Geo. W 937 

Tuttle, Capt. John 208 

Tvpombly, Hon. James \V 565 

Tyler, Dr. John E 284 

Underhill, Capt. John 207 

Varne V, Charles W 703 

Varne'v, E. K 571 

Tarney, Elias C 927 

Varney. Hon. John R 553 

Vickery, Oliver JM 929 

Walderne, Ma.i. Riehard 206 

Waldron, Col. Isaac 391 

Waldron, Thomas W 208 

Wallace, James W 719 

Wallafe, Rt. Rev. Jlons. T. H 719 

Wallingford, Co!. Thomas 255 

Walmsiey, William 910 

Warren, Ralph A. . .^ 774 

Waterhouse, Prof. Sylvester 396 

Watson, David W 907 

Watson, John II 676 

Webber, Llewellvn T '. 751 

Welch, Hon. John T.. 597 

Wells, Christopher H 543 

Wells, Nathaniel 43-259 

Wendell, Isaac 2.57 

Wentworth, Bartholomew 278 

Wentworth, Bert 728 

Wentworth, Fred K W3 

Wentworth, Geo T 40 

Wentworth, Col. John 252 

Wentworth, John Q. A 647 

Wentworth, Col. Jonathan 2.56 

Wentworth, Lewis E ''^33 

Wentworth, Col. I'aul 250 

Wentworth, Tappan 43 

Wentworth, Wilbur M 650 

Wentworth, Elder William 207 

White. John H 39 

Whitehead, James F 671 

A\niitehouse, Charles S 759 

Whitehoiise, Charles W 754 

Whitehouse, Judge George L 505 

Whitehouse, Hon. Nicholas V 764 

Whitehouse. William H 737 

Whittemore, Hon. Arthur G 540 

Wiggin, Arthur H 810 

Wiggin, Benjamin A 789 

Wiggin, Orlando E 867 

Wiggin, Cajit. Thomas 206 

Willand, Edward A 895 

Willey, Charles F 796 

Willey, J. Herbert 593 

Williams, John 210 

Wilmot, Theodore 673 

Wingate, Daniel 697 

Wilson, Henry 501 

Winkley, Hon. Daniel 430 

Woodman, Charles 558 

Woodman, Charles W 39 

Woodman, .Teremiah H 40 

Woodman, John S __42 

Worcester, Charles F 720 

Worcester, Col. Horace L 741 

Worster, Kirk 6?0 

Wright. George B 651 

Wyatt, Geo. H., Jr 929 

York, E. .J 811 

York, Rev. John 453 

Young, Col. Andrew H 634 


History of Strafford County 



As parts of Massachusetts Bay Colony (1641-3 to 1679) the towns of 
Dover, Strawberry Bank (Portsmouth), Hampton and Exeter were com- 
prised within Norfolk county, which was one of the four shires, viz. : Essex, 
Middlesex, Suffolk and Norfolk into which the Bay Colony was separated 
from "3d month, loth day, 1643." 

The name New Hampshire was first applied to these towns in 1679, as a 
province separate from Massachusetts Bay Colony, but it remained under 
the same Governor, having a Lieutenant-Governor of its own until 1742, when 
it was completely separated from Massachusetts, and Benning Wentworth 
was appointed Governor and held the office until 1767. During Governor 
Wentworth's rule the territory was all one, no counties; in his f(uarter of a 
century he granted a great many townships in all parts of the province and 
on both sides of the Connecticut river. .\11 the courts were held at Ports- 
mouth during his term, so the inhabitants of these new towns had to travel 
long distances, over bad roads, to attend courts and transact business with 
the Governor and Council and the Assembly. Of course this caused them 
much inconvenience and no little expense. 

As early as January, 1755, a proposition to divide the province of New 
Hampshire into counties was entertained in the Assembly. The Merrimack 
river was to be the dividing line and there were to be two counties — Ports- 
mouth and Cumberland. The Council rejected the bill because it provided for 
a court at Exeter, as well as Portsmouth, and they "could by no means con- 
sent to that." The two branches of the Assembly continued to consider this 
cpiestion in \arious forms and failed to find grounrls of agreement as to details 
until 1769, when the government was under control of the young Governor 
John Wentworth, who had succeeded his uncle, Benning Wentworth, in 
1767. The agreement as finally reached, April 29, 1769, established five 
counties, subject to the Crown's approval of the act, which was done March 

19, 1 77 1. (Laws of 1 77 1, ch. 137, p. 204.) The five counties were named 



Rockingham, Strafford, Hillsborough, Cheshire and Grafton ; the names were 
conferred in honor of the Governor's friends in England. The Earl of 
Strafford was the \\'ent\vorth ancestor of the Governors Wentworth, uncle 
and nephew, so he gave the name to Straft'ord county. 

Rev. Dr. Jeremy Belknap, in his history for the years 1770-71, after 
speaking of the first commencement at Dartmouth College, in the summer 
of 1771, says : 

"Another improvement was made about this same time, by dividing the 
province into counties. This had been long sought but could not be obtained. 
The incon\'enience to which the people in the western parts of the province 
were subject, by reason of their distance from Portsmouth, where all the 
courts were held, was extremely burdensome ; whilst the conveniences and 
emoluments of office were enjoyed by gentlemen in that vicinity. Some 
attempts to divide the province had been made in the former administration, 
but without effect. The rapid increase of inhabitants for several years made 
a division so necessary that it had become one of the principal subjects of 
debate in the Assembly, from the time of the Governor's (John Wentworth) 
arrival (June 13, 1767). Several sessions passed before all points could 
be adjusted. The number of counties and lines of division were not easily 
agreed to, and a punctilio of prerogation, about the erecting of courts, made 
some difficulty; but it was finally determined that the number of counties 
should be five ; and the courts were established by an act of the whole Legis- 
lature. It was passed with a clause suspending its operation until the King's 
pleasure should be known. The royal approbation being obtained, it took 
effect in 1771. The five counties were named by the Governor after some 
of his friends in England, Rockingham, Strafford, Hillsborough, Cheshire 
and Grafton. The counties of Strafford and Grafton, being much less pop- 
ulous than the others, were to remain annexed to the county of Rockingham 
until the Governor, by advice of his council, should declare them competent 
to the exercise of their respective jurisdictions, which was done in 1773." 
The act of the General Assembly, March ig, 1771, gives the boundary 
lines for Strafford county as follows : 

"Beginning at the northwest corner of Canterbury, and from thence to 
cross the river, then down the river to Pemigewasset ; then to run up Pemige- 
wasset river to Campton ; thence round the westerly end of Campton, and by 
the northerly side lines of Campton, Sandwich and Tamworth ; and thence 
easterly to the province line on the same course with the northerly side line 
of Eaton; thence down said province line to the line of the first county 
(Rockingham), hence by the same to the bounds first menioned." 

So Strafford county consisted originally of the towns of Dover. Dur- 
ham. Lee, Madbury, Somersworth, Rochester. Barrington, Strafford, Farm- 
ington, Barnstead, Gilmanton, Alton, Sanbornton. Meredith, New Hampton, 


New Durham, Milton, Brookfield, Gilford, Wolfeborough, Moultonborough, 
Tuftonborough, Ossiper, Effingham, Freedom, Tamworth, Eaton, Conway 
and Chatham. It retained this size practicaUy for nearly 70 years, up to 
December 22, 1840, when the northerly towns were separated from it and 
made into two counties, Belknap and Carroll, since when its territory has 
remained as at present, and consists of Dover, Durham, Lee, Madbury, 
Somersworth, Rollinsford (which was set off from Somersworth in 1849), 
Barrington. Strafford, Farmington, New Durham, Milton and Middleton. 
The most northerly point is in New Durham. 

The county seat was established at Dover and the inhabitants of those 
towns had to come here long distances to attend courts until 1797, when Gil- 
manton was made an additional county seat, and the courts for that part of 
the county were held in the new Academy building which had been com- 
pleted in 1796. The courts were held alternately in Dover and Gilmanton, 
which at that date had 200 inliabitants in the center village where the academy 
was located; it was then a lively place of business, and the school has been 
kept up in a good, working condition to the present time. In those days it 
was a great event in a farmer's life to ser\'e on the grand jury. 

Indian trails, kept somewhat warm by hunters and trappers, were better 
than a trackless wilderness but they did not meet the demands of the pioneers. 
In 1722 a mad had Ijeen cut out to the eastern shore of Lake Winnipesaukee, 
a block house erected and a guard stationed there. This is the first road of 
which we have record. No more roads were undertaken until after tlie peace 
of 1760. 

In June, 1786, the .\ssem1jly enacted that a "post set off every other 
Monday from Portsmouth and from thence proceed through Newmarket, 
Durham, Do\er, Rochester, \^'akefield, Ossipee, Gore and Tannvorth to 
Moultonborough, thence through ^Meredith, Gilmanton, Barnstead, Barring- 
ton, Dover, Durham and Newmarket to Portsmouth. 

The fourth State post route, established December 6, 1791, came from 
Portsmouth once a fortnight via same route to Dover, Rochester, Wakefield, 
Ossipee, TannvDrth. .Sandwich, ("entre Holderness, Plymouth, ^leredith, 
etc., as before. The only postoffice in Strafford county until 1800 was at 
Dover, and the Dover papers of that period frequently contained advertise- 
ments of letters for residents of Tamworth, Sandwich, Wakefield and as far 
north as Conway, and the White Mountain region. The post rider (on 
horseback) received £12 a year for ser\'ice on the above route, which it 
required a week for him to traverse. Samuel Bragg, afterwards newspaper 
publisher at Dover, was one of the early post riders, beginning about 1795. 
Postage on letters was 4 pence under forty miles, and 6 pence for every forty 

Strafford cnunty remained a part of Rockingham countv from March 


19, 1771, to February 5, 1773, in accordance with the act of the Assembly 
which says: "That the said counties of Strafford and Grafton shall be for 
the present (March, 1771) annexed to and deemed and taken as parts and 
members of the county of Rockingham and subject to the jurisdiction and 
authority of the courts, magistrates and officers of the said county of Rock- 
ingham to all intents and purposes and shall remain so annexed, deemed and 
taken and subject until the Governor by and with advice and consent of the 
Council shall declare them respectixely suflicient for the exercise of their 
respective jurisdictions and no longer." 

At the beginning of 1773 Governor Wentworth and his Council reached 
conclusion that these counties had reached the point where they were "suffi- 
cient for the exercise of their respective jurisdictions,' and the Assembly 
February 5, 1773, passed the following law: 

"An Act for fixing the times and places for holding the courts in the 
county of Strafford and Grafton. 

"Whereas, by the act for dividing of this province into counties, Strafford 
and Grafton were to be counted and taken as parts and members of the 
county of Rockingham until the Governor and Council should declare them 
respectively sufficient for the exercise of their respective jurisdictions; 

"And Whereas, the Governor by and with advice and consent of His 
Majesty's Council of this province, has declared the said counties sufficient 
for the exercise of said jurisdiction ; therefore, 

"Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Assembly, that the several 
courts in the county of Strafford shall be held as follows, viz. : A Court 
of General Sessions of the Peace on the second Tuesday of January, July and 
October at Dover annually; and an Inferior Court of Common Pleas on the 
first Thursday next following the second Tuesdays of January, July and 
October at the same place, annually. And one Court of General Sesssions 
of the Peace on the second Tuesday of April, shall be held at Durham, in 
said county, annually; and one Inferior Court of Common Pleas on the first 
Tuesday next following the second Tuesday of April at said Durham annu- 
ally, and that a Superior Court of Jurisdiction be held at Dover, aforesaid, 
on the last Tuesday of May annually. This regulation shall continue for the 
term of seven years and after that time the said Superior Court to be held at 
Dover and Wolfeborough alternately; and the said Courts of General Ses- 
sions of the Peace and the said Inferior Courts of July and October to be 
held at Wolfeborough." 

Governor John Wentworth had established a grand country seat for him- 
self at Wolfeborough, on Lake Wentworth, a branch of Lake Winnipe- 
saukee, soon after he came into office. He had erected a mansion house 
there of the old English style of grandeur, and at great expense had con- 
structed a road to it. He had grand plans in view to develop the country 


around there and in the towns north of it. Hence in the act of the Assembly 
just quoted he had pro\ision made that the higher courts should be held there 
after 1780. Had Governor Wentworth been permitted to carry out his 
grand plans the conditions in Wolfeborough, StraiYord county and New 
Hampshire in general would have been far different from what they were 
from 1773 to 1800. But the Revolution began two years later and in three 
years Governor Wentworth was a fugitive, out of power, and the mighty con- 
flict of eight years was in full swing. Governor Wentworth's grand estate at 
Wolfeborough was confiscated ; his mansion house became the abode of com- 
moners, and Lake Wentworth was converted into the plebeian "Smith's Pond," 
which title it bore for more than a century, but the ancient and proper name 
has been restored in these later years. So it came to pass that Wolfeborough 
did not become a county seat; no courts were held there. And the courts 
were held at Dover and Durham, until Gilmanton was honored in 1797 and 
courts were held there until Strafford county was divided in 1840. 

The "act to constitute the counties of Belknap and Carroll," approved 
December 22, 1840, contained these pro\isions: 

"Belknap shall contain all the land included within the following towns 
and places which now constitute a part of the county of Strafford, to wit: 
Alton, Bamstead, Centre Harbor, Gilford, Gilmanton, Meredith, New 
Hampton and Sanbornton. 

"Carroll county shall contain all the land and waters included within the 
following towns and places which now constitute a part of said county of 
Strafford, to-wit : Albany, Brookfield, Chatham, Conway, Eaton, Effingham, 
Freedom, Moultonborough, Sandwich. Tamworth. Tuftonborough, Ossipee. 
Wakefield and Wolfeborough." 

This act reduced old Strafford county to the towns already mentioned 
as its present limits. The original county contained what is now one of the 
most popular summer resorts in New England, or in the whole country for 
that matter. Governor Wentworth foresaw all this when he was the last 
Colonial Governor, but it has been developed in a way entirely different from 
what he had planned. It is interesting to speculate what he would have done 
had he been permitted to remain in control a third of a century. 


The first court organized in Strafford county under the act of February 
5. 1773> was the Probate Court. It was held in the office of the register of 
probate, John Wentworth, Jr., Esq., which was on the ground floor of his 
residence. The building is now standing, on the west side of Central 
avenue and next south of the Belknap church. The first session of the court 
was held April 5, 1773, when the will of Deliverance Hanson, widow of 


Joseph Hanson, was probated in due form. The judge was Colonel John 
Gage. That was the only court at which Judge Gage presided. 

The record of events, births, marriages and deaths kept by Joseph Tate, 
the schoolmaster of Somersworth, and known as "Master Tate," contains 
the following: "Collo Jno Gage of Dover Taken sick Wednesday night 
June 23d, Dy'd on Friday, June 25 & Buried on Sunday June 2"], 1773." 
So it appears he held the office only three or four months. 

In passing it seems proper to make a further mention of "Master Tate." 
He was a schoolmaster in Somersworth (that part now Rollersford), N. H. 
He was said to have been an Englishman. He lived to be ninety years old. 
While he was a schoolmaster he kept a manuscript volume headed, "Names 
of Families, Children's Names and Time of Birth in the Town of Somers- 
worth, Mar. Ye 26, 1767.'" It gives prior dates of births of children in the 
families then resident there and continues until 1778. The volume also 
contains, "Memorandums of Sundry Things, viz.. Deaths, Marriages, Dis- 
asters, etc." It is a very curious and valuable book. 

Colonel John Gage was born in lieverh', Mass., April 7, 1802. He was 
son of Moses and Sarah Gage. Moses was grandson of John Gage, who 
came to New England with John Winthrop, Jr., in 1633, and was one of the 
original settlers of Ipswich, Mass. His family was descended from the 
De Guage or Gage who was one of the Norman soldiers who came o\er to 
England with William the Conqueror in 1066. 

John Gage came to Dover in 1725. He married Elizabeth Roberts, great- 
granddaughter of Governor Thomas Roberts, one of the first settlers of 
Dover. They had several children, and their descendants are among the 
noted families of the town. John Gage was one of the leading business men 
of Dover for a half century. He held various town offices, and was captain 
of a company in the I'-rench and Indian wars. Captain Gage was elected 
Representative from Dover in the Provincial Assembly in 1742 and many 
times after that. At the time of his death he was a member of the Assembly 
and was in attendance as late as May 18, 1773. He was appointed colonel 
of the Second Regiment by Governor Benning Wentworth in 1756 and held 
that office until his death. He was appointed judge of probate by Governor 
John Wentworth in February, 1773. Colonel Gage was a close friend of 
both of the Governors, and popular with his fellow citizens. At the time 
of his sudden death he w^as the possessor of three important offices, colonel 
judge and Representative. 

Colonel Gage's successor as judge of probate was Colonel Henry Rust, 

who held his first court August 11, 1773. He was appointed by Governor 

John Wentworth in July, 1773, and held the office until January, 1776, 

when the Provincial officers were displaced by the Revolutionary Assembly. 

Colonel Rust was one of the notable men of his time. He was born 


at Stratham, N. H., January 22. 1726; he died at Wolfeborough March 17, 
1807. He was son of Rev. Henry Rust, a graduate of Harvard CoUege and 
the first settled minister at Stratham, in April, 1718, which charge he held 
thirty-seven years. Colonel Rust w as a sailor and shipmaster twenty-five years, 
and in that way won his title as captain. He resided at Portsmouth until 
about 1768, when he removed to Wolfeborough, of which town he was one 
of the original proprietors, having 600 acres of the best land in the town, 
near Rust's Pond. He was a close friend of Governor Jolm W'entworth, 
who established his country residence in that town about the same time 
Cajjtain Rust settled there. Governor Wentworth appointed him colonel of one 
of the New Hampshire regiments about that time. At the death of Judge 
Gage he appointed Colonel Rust to tliat office When Colonel Rust took 
that office Governor Wentworth administered the "oath of allegiance" to 
King George III, and Judge Rust would not yield up allegiance to royal 
authority and never acknowledged the new republican form of government 
and would never accept an office under it. He believed that as he had once 
taken the oath of allegiance to the Crown, he could never consistently recall 
it. But he was one of the best citizens of the town and of the county, and 
was loyal in every way except in the matter of holding public office of any 
kind. His sons and grandsons and later descendants, however, held im- 
portant offices in town, county and state, with honor to themselves and profit 
to the common weal. The Rust family is one of the most noted of Wolfe- 

As Judge Rust would not take the oath to support the Revolutionary 
Government he could not retain the office of judge of probate, or colonel 
of the militia. The Journal of the Assembly, Friday, January 17, 1776, 
reads as follows : 

"Voted that the persons hereafter named be and hereby are appointed to 
the respective offices following, viz. : 


Justices of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas: George Frost, Otis 
Baker, John Plummer and Moses Carr. 

Judge of Probate, Ichabod Rollins, Esq. 

Register of Probate, John \\'ent worth, Jr. 

County Treasurer, Thomas Westbrook Waldron. 

Justice of the Peace of the Quorum, Joseph Badger, Esq. 

Justices of the Peace, Ichabod Rollins, Ebenezer Smith, Daniel Beede, 
Joseph Senter, Thomas Parsons, Joseph Sias, Solomon Emerson, Simeon 
nearljoni. Miles Rendall, Paul Hayes. Jcilin Wentwdrlh, Jr., Esq. 


Coroners, John Gage, Ebenezer Tibbetts, John Horn, John Cate, Jacob 
Brown and Edward Gihiian. 


Colonel John Gage, February, i"]"/},. to June 25, 1773. He died very 
suddenly, being sick only three days. Henry Rust, June, 1773, to January, 
1776; Ichabod Kollins, January 17, 1776, to December 25, 1784; Joseph 
Badger, December 25, 1784, to May 20, 1797; Ebenezer Smith, May 20, 
1897, to February 2, 1805; John Mooney from February 2. 1805, to De- 
cember 20, 1824; Daniel C. Atkinson, from December 20, 1824, to July 6, 
1839; Warren Lovell from July 6, 1839, to January 4, 1841 ; Benning W. 
Jenness from January 4, 1841, to January 3, 1846; Charles ^V. Woodman 
from January 3, 1846, to January i, 1853; Hiram R. Roberts from January 
I, 1853, to June 30, 1857; Daniel G. Rollins from June 30, 1857, to Sep- 
tember 18, 1866; James H. Edgerly from September 18, 1866, to July 7, 
1872; Hiram R. Roberts from July 7, 1874, to July 18, 1874; Moses C. Rus- 
sell from July 18, 1874, to July 25, 1876; Jacob D. Young from July 25, 
1876, to June, 1893; Robert G. Pike, 1893 to 1895; Charles B. Gafney, 1895 
to 1898; Christopher H. Wells from 1898, now in office, 1913. 


The following were registers of probate for Stratford county beginning 
with its organization, by royal permission, in February, 1773: John Went- 
worth, Jr., from 1773 to 1787; William King from February 12, 1788. to 
1805; William King Atkinson from February 2, 1805, to 1819; James Barr- 
lett from January i, 1S19, to 1824: Daniel C. Atkinson from December 24, 
1824, to 1836; Ira H. Eastman from June 18, 1836, to 1839; Winthrop 
A. Marston from 1839 to 1844; Enoch Berry from July 6, 1844, to 1849; 
John Hubbard \Vhite from July 6, 1849, to 1857; Asa Freeman from June 
30, 1857, to 1870; William C. Woodman from July 11, 1870, to Novem- 
ber 19, 1870; John Riley Varney from July 19, 1870, to 1874; George E. 
Durgin from July 7, 1874, to 1876; John Riley Varney from July 25, 1876, 
to May 2, 1882, when he was killed by the falling of the brick wall of the 
Washington Street Free Will Baptist Church; John Tapley Welch from 1883 
to 1887; Charles Sumner Clifford from July, 1887, to April i, 1893; William 
W. Martin, April, 1893, is now serving his twenty-first consecutive year, 
the longest any one has held the office. Mr. Martin is a good penman, 
thorough in the knowledge of the law and careful in keeping the records. 

The first register of probate was John Wentworth, Jr., who was born 
in Somersworth July 14, 1745; graduated from Harvard College in 1768; 



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read law with William i'arker, Esq., oi Portsmouth and opened a law office 
in Dover in 1771. He was the first lawyer in Dover and the second one in 
Strafford county, the first being Gen. John Sullivan of Dunham, who 
opened an office there in 1765. Before that all the lawyers in New Hamp- 
shire lived at Portsmouth where all the courts were held. Mr. Wentworth 
was son of Col. John Wentworth, one of the most distinguished patriots of 
the Revolutionary period. 

Air. Wentworth opened his law office in Dover in 1771, in the house 
that now stands on Central avenue, on the west side, next south of the 
Belknap church. In July that year he married Margaret Frost of Newcastle; 
the fourth of November following he bought the house; he had his residence 
in the second story, over his office. \Vhen the county was organized the 
office of register of probate was one of the prizes sought for; Mr. Went- 
worth applied for it and his third cousin, Governor John Wentworth, gave 
it to him. He held it to the time of his death, January 10, 1787, at the 
age of forty-two .years. 

In the revolutionary movements which began to exhibit themselves 
overtly in 1774, he took no passive part. He was chosen one of the com- 
mittee of correspondence of Dover, and in 1776 to his seat in the Assembly 
which elected him register of probate, with the other county officers pre- 
viously mentioned. He sen-ed there as Representative continuously until 
1 781 ; then in the Council till December, 1783, and in the Senate from June, 
1784, to 1786. The last ten years of his life he was chosen moderator at 
nearly every annual town meeting in Dover. 

March 14, 1778, he was chosen delegate to the Continental Congress, and 
he affixed his signature to the original Ai1:icles of Confederation of the 
United States in August, that year. He was tw-ice reelected to Congress, 
but feeble health prevented his attendance much of the time. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wentworth had four sons and three daughters. His 
youngest son, Paul ^^'entworth, had a distinguished son who was one of the 
early settlers in Chicago. He is known by the popular name, "Long" John 
Wentworth, as he was a giant in stature, as well as in intellect, and as a 
newspaper manager and political leader. 


The attomeys-at-law who practiced at the Strafford county bar, during 
the three-quarters of a century from 1773 to 1850, were for the most part 
college educated men, and in their profession ranged second to those of 
no other county in the state. A brief mention of each during that period 
is given in the following pages. 

General John Sullivan of Durham takes rank as the first, and, in many 


ways, the ablest of the whole list; was son of John and Margery (Brown) 
Sullivan; born, Somersworth, February i8, 1740; practiced in Durham; 
died there, January 22, I795- His father was a famous schoolmaster of 
liberal education, and all the boys who went to college from this section of 
New Hampshire and York county, Maine, received their preparatory instruc- 
tion from him. Master Sullivan was a wonderful man. He did not need 
to send his son John to college for an education ; he gave him as good as 
a college training right at home. He read law with Samuel Livennore at 
Portsmouth and commenced practice soon after he was twenty-one years old, 
so his professional services antedate the organization of courts in Strafford 
county more than a decade of years. His residence was at Durham but he 
practiced in the courts of Portsmouth, and in York county, Maine, and when 
the courts opened at Dover in 1773 he stood at the front of the practition- 
ers. He was so able and successful that he had accumulated an ample fortune 
at the opening of the Revolution. As has before been stated he and John 
Wentworth. Jr., of Dover were the only lawyers in Strafiford county when 
it was organized. 

General Sullivan was a great lawyer, a great soldier and a sound patriot. 
He was an important factor in a multitude of important events from 1774 
to his death in 1795, when he was only fifty-five years old. In 1774 he 
was a delegate to the first Continental Congress, and headed a party in the 
earliest anned resistance to the royal authority at Fort William and Mary; 
in 1775 he was again a delegate in Congress, was appointed a brigadier-gen- 
eral in the American army, and commanded the New Hampshire troops at 
Winter Hill; in 1776 he was promoted to major-general, was taken prisoner 
in the battle of Long Island, exchanged and conducted the retreat of the 
American troops from Canada; in 1777 he distinguished himself at the 
battles of Brandywine and Germantown; in 1778 he commanded the army in 
the Rhode Island campaign; in 1779 he was in command of the expedition 
wdiich completely wiped out the Indian settlements in Western New York, 
and that same year he resigned his commission in the army. In 1780 and 
1781 he was again a member of Congress; from 1782 to 1785, inclusive, he 
was Attorney-General of New Hampshire; in 1788 he was Speaker of the 
State House of Representatives, and president of the convention which rati- 
fied the United States Constitution; in 1789 he was President of New Hamp- 
shire (as the Governor was then called) and that year was commissioned 
Judge of the District Court of the United States, which office he held till 
his death. 

JoiKitlmn Rawson; son of Rev. Grindall Rawson ; born in Yarmouth, 
Mass., 1759. Served in the Revolutionary war. Studied law with Peter 
Green of Concord; commenced practice of law at Nottingham, 1783; settled 
in DoA'er in 1785 and practiced his profession there until his death in 1794. 


Henry Mellen; son of Rev. Jolin Alellen and brother of the distinguished 
Judge Mellen of Maine. Born in Sterling, Mass., October 24, 1757; grad- 
uated from Harvard College 1784. Studied law with Peter Greene, Esq., 
of Concord. Commenced practice of law at Dover, 1786, and continued here 
until his death, July 31, 1809. He was a man of much literary ability aside 
from his professional career. 

JVilltam King Atkinson, son of William King of Portsmouth, but as- 
sumed the name .\tkinson by act of the Legislature to comply with a devise 
of his uncle whereby he iniierited tiie valuable estate of his kinsman, Theo- 
dore Atkinson, of Colonial fame. He graduated from Harvard College in 
1783. Studied law with Judge Pickering of Portsmouth. Settled in Dover 
in 1787 and continued in practice here until his death, September, 1820. 
County solicitor, 1789-1803; Justice of Superior Court, 1803-1806: Attor- 
ney-General, 1807-1812. He was a man of much learning and great force 
of character. 

Charles Claplia)n was English by birth; studied law in the office of Jona- 
than Rawson, Esq. He was law partner with Mr. Rawson several years in 
Dover, until Mr. Rawson's death in 1794. He then left Dover and gave up 
the practice of law to enter the British Navy in which he rose to the rank 
of an officer, and died an officer of a man-of-war. 

David Copp, Jr., son of David Copp of Wakefield, where he was born in 
1770; graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy; studied law with Judge 
Atkinson; practiced his profession in Dover from 1797 to 1804. Removed 
to New Orleans, where he diefl. 

Daniel Meservc Diircll. son of Nicholas Durell of Lee. where he was 
born July 20, 1769. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1794; 
studied law at Do\er with Henry Mellen, Esq. ; commenced practice in that 
town in 1797 and so continued until his death, April 29, 1841. He was 
member of Congress from 1S07 to 1809; member of the Legislature several 
years; Chief Justice of Circuit Court of Common Pleas, 1816-21; United 
States District Attorney-General, 1830-34. He died at Dover April 29, 1841. 

Oliver Crosby, son of Oliver Crosby of Billerica. Mass., where he 
was born, March 17, 1769; graduated from Harvard College in 1795; 
studied law with Judge Atkinson at Dover; commenced practice of his pro- 
fession at Dover in 179S. and remained in jjractice there until he removed 
to Atkinson, Maine, in 1821, where he resided until his death in 1851. 

Samuel Tibbetts, son of Maj. Ebenezer Tibbetts of Rochester, wiiere 
he was born in 1780; graduated from Harvard College in 1799. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1802. and practiced his profession in Dover until 
his death in 18 10. 

Moses Hodgdon, son of Shadrach Plodgdon of Dover; he was born 
there: graduated from Harvard College; studied law and commenced prac- 


tice in Dover about 1800 and so continued until his death, October 9, 1S40. 
.He was author of the law book, "The Complete Justice of the Peace, etc.," 
which had a large sale. 

Moses Leavitt Ncal, son of John Neal of Hampton, where he was born in 
1767; graduated from Harvard College in 1785; studied law with Hon. 
John Prentice of Londonderry; commenced practice of law in that town 
in 1793; removed to Rochester in 1796: practiced his profession there until 
1806, when he removed to Dover. Clerk of the New Hampshire House of 
Representatives, by annual elections, from 1809 ""^il 1828. He died in 

Charles IVoodinan, son of Rev. Joseph Woodman of Sanbornton, where 
he was born, January 4, 1792; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1813; 
studied law with his brother, J. H. Woodman, Esq., and with Hon. Christo- 
pher Gove. He opened an office in Dover in 1816. Representative in the 
Legislature, 1820, 1821, 1822; Speaker of the House, 1822. Died October 
30, 1822. He was one of the most brilliant young lawyers Dover ever had. 

Asa Freeman was born in Hanover, January, 1788, son of Hon. Jona- 
than Freeman; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1810; studied law with 
his brother, Peyton R. Freeman, of Portsmouth and with Isaac Lyman, 
Esq., of York, Maine, and first began practice in that village ; opened an 
office in Dover in 1818 and resided here until his death, December 8, 1867, 
engaged in the practice of his profession. He was member from Dover in 
the Constitutional Convention in 1850; United States Commissioner several 
years; register of probate from 1862 to 1867, when he died. 

Daniel Miltiiiiore Christie was born in Antrim, New Hampshire, October 
15, 1790, son of Samuel and Ziboah (Warren) Christie; graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 181 5. He read law with James Walker, Esq., of 
Peterborough; commenced practice of his profession in York, Maine, in 1818; 
removed to Dover, N. H., in 1823, where he resided in the practice of his pro- 
fession until his death, December 8, 1876. He represented Dover in the Legis- 
lature in 1826, 1827, 1828, 1830, 183 1, and several times after that. Dart- 
mouth College conferred on him the degree of LL. D. in 1857. He was United 
States District Attorney several years. He was one of the most eminent 
lawyers the county ever had. 

John Parker Hale was born in Rochester March 31, 1806, son of John 
Parker Hale. He died in Dover, November 19, 1873, of which town he had 
been a resident from 1827, the year he graduated from Bowdoin College. 
He studied law with Daniel M. Christie and was admitted to the bar in 
1830, and opened his law office in Dover, but soon engaged in politics and 
was elected Representative in the Legislature of 1832. He was appointed 
United States District Attorney in 1834 and held the office until 1841 ; 
member of Congress, 1842-1846; L^nited States Senator, 1846-1852, being 


Speaker of the House of which he was a member from Dover when he was 
elected Senator; again elected Senator in 1855 to fill out the unexpired temi 
of Charles Atherton, and in 1858 was chosen for the third time and held his 
seat in the Senate till the spring of 1865. He was minister to Spain from 
the spring of 1865, four years. The remaining four years of his life were 
spent quietly in his home in Do\er. He was the Free Soil candidate for 
President in 1852. Mr. Hale was one of Dover's most distinguished citizens. 

Thomas Elhvood Saivyer, son of Stephen Sawyer, was born in Dover 
November 21, 1798; he studied law with Hon. Charles Woodman and Hon. 
James Bartlett of Dover and was admitted to the bar in 1825 and opened 
his law office that year, which was not closed till his death, February 27, 
1879. Flis career as a politician was very notable, more so than his career 
as an attorney. He was assistant clerk of the House of New Hampshire 
Legislature in 1822; member of the Executive Council, 1830 and 183 1; be- 
tween 1833 and 1850 he was ten times elected Representative to the General 
Court; member of the Constitutional Convention of 1850; in 1851 and 1852 
he was the whig candidate for Governor; in 1867 he was appointed United 
States Register in rkuikruptcy. He was member of the school committee 
for half a century, and mayor of the city one year, 1857. 

John Parker Hale, Sr., was son of Samuel Hale, Esq., of Portsmouth, 
in which town he was born, February 19, 1775. He read law with John 
Hale, Esq., of Portsmouth; opened his law office in Rochester in 1801, where 
he resided in the practice of his profession until his death, October 15, 1819. 

John Hubbard Jl'hite, son of Amos White, was born in Dover, November 
30, 1802; graduated from Bowdoin College in 1822 and among his class- 
mates were Hawthorne, President Pierce and William Hale of Dover; 
studied law with Charles W. Cutler, Esq., and James Bartlett, Esq., of 
Dover, and w^as admitted to the Strafford county bar in 1825. He opened 
a law ofifice in Dover in 1826 and continued in practice of his profession for 
more than fifty years. He was appointed postmaster of Dover in 1828. 
Representative in the Legislature in 1833-1834; register of probate eight 
years, 1849-1857; judge of police court four years, 1853-1857. He died 
September 7, 188.2. 

Richard Kitnball, son of Nathaniel Kimball, born March i, 1798, in 
North Berwick; graduated from Phillips-Exeter Academy; read law with 
Hon. Asa Freeman; admitted to Strafford county bar in 1828; practiced law 
at Somersworth and Rochester but settled in Dover in 1848 and remained in 
practice of his profession until near the close of his life. He succeeded Judge 
White as police court judge in 1857, and held the office about ten years. He 
died in Dover, March 2, 1881. 

Charles William Woodman, son of Jeremiah H. Woodman, was bom 
in Rochester, December 7, 1809; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1829; 


studied law with his fatlier and was admitted to Strafford county bar in 
1833; opened an office in Somersvvorth that year and removed to Dover in 
1834 and resided here till his death on Jan. 24, 1888. County solicitor, 1839- 
1844; j"<'-ge of probate, 1846-1853: judge of court of common pleas, 1854- 
1855; representative in general court, 1861-1862, 1878-1879; commissioner of 
Circuit Court of the United States many years. 

Jeremiah Hall Woodman, son of Rev. Joseph Hall Woodman, born in 
Sanbornton, April 15, 1775; graduated from Dartmouth College 1794; 
studied law with Judge Jeremiah Smith at Exeter; commenced practice in 
Warner in 1799; removed to Rochester, 1806, and practiced his profession 
until his death. May 8, 1854. 

Joliu Riley i'aruey. son of James B. Varney, born in Dover, March 
26, 1819; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1843. For ten years 
he was civil engineer in construction of railroads and similar work. Clerk 
of court for Strafford county, 1856-1860. Professor of Mathematics 
in Dartmouth College, 1860-1863. Studied law while at Hanover and was 
admitted to Strafford county bar in 1863, and formed a law partnership 
with United States Senator John V. Hale of Dover. He was postmaster 
four years; Representative in Legislature, 1856 and 1857; Secretary of 
the Senate' Naval Committee at Washington two years; judge of police court 
five years; register of probate from death of William C. Woodman till 1874, 
and again from 1876 until his death, May 2, 1882. From 1868 to 1882 
he was editor of the Dover Enquirer, and one of its proprietors. For many 
years he was a deacon of the First Church. Mr. Varney was one of the 
brightest scholars, most versatile in talents and shrewdest political leaders 
Dover has had. 

Francis Cogsii'cll, son of Dr. William Cogswell, was born in Atkinson. 
December 21, 1800; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1822; read law 
with Stephen Moody, Esq., at Gilmanton ; admitted to Strafford county bar, 
1825; practiced his profession in Tuftonborough and Dover. Clerk of court, 
1833-1841. Quit law in 1842 and engaged in business. Cashier of a bank, 
director of the Boston & Maine railroad, and for many years president of 
that road. 

John H. Smith, son of John Smith of Rochester, where he was born in 
1800; had common school education; read law with J. H. Woodman; admit- 
ted to the Strafford county bar in 1824; practiced law in Conway, Rochester 
and Dover. Clerk of court of common pleas from 1841 till his death in 
1852, being killed October i at Meredith in an awful railroad accident. 

George Thomas Wentworth, son of Isaac Wentworth, was bom at 
Dover, October 17, 1814. Received common school education; read law at 
Dover and was admitted to Strafford county bar, 1840; practiced his pro- 


fession in Dover many years. Town clerk, 1845-1850; postmaster under 
Tyler and Fillmore. Died at Dover, July 3, 1874. 

.liiiasa Roberts, son of Ephraim Roberts, was born March 2. 1814; 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1838; read law with Charles W. 
Woodman; admitted to Strafford county bar in 1861; practiced law here 
till his death, May 8, 1877. Town clerk, 1853-1856; register of probate, 
1 867- 1 868. 

Luther Dearborn Sawyer^ son of Timothy Sawyer of Wakefield, was 
born there, March 7, 1803; graduated from Bowdoin College in 1828; read 
law with Sawyer & Hobbs and was admitted to Strafford county bar in 
1832; practiced his profession in Ossipee, Sandwich and Dover and was 
here from 1859 to 1863. Removed to ^Massachusetts where resided several 
years. Returned to New Hampshire and was solicitor of Carroll county, 
1857-1862; Representative in the Legislature, 1859-1860. 

Richard Ela, son of Joseph Ela of Portsmouth, was born about 1796; 
studied law at Portsmouth with Hon. W. M. Richardson and Hon. Icha- 
bod Bartlett; commenced practice of law at Durham in 1820, and continued 
in practice there until 1832, when he removed to Washington, D. C. 

John Ailauis Richardson, son of Joseph Richardson of Durham, was born 
there, November 18, 1797; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1819; read 
law in Haverhill, Mass. ; began practice of his profession in Durham in 
1823. He remained in practice there until he died in 1S70. 

Nehcniiah Eastman, son of Ebenezer Eastman of Gilmanton, was born 
in that town, June 16, 1782; w'as educated at Gilmanton Academy; read law 
with Stephen Moody, Esq., and commenced practice at Farmington in 1807 
and resided there in practice of his profession until his death, January 19, 
1856. He was State Senator five years, 18 19 to 1824; elected Ixepresentative 
to Congress in 1825 and served two years. 

Stephen Mitchell, son of Benjamin Mitchell of Peterborough, where he 
was bom, March 29, 1780; graduated from \Villiams College in 1801 ; read 
law with his uncle, Hon. Jonathan Steele, at Durham; practiced law^ at Dur- 
ham ; was one of the founders of the New Hampshire Historical Society, 
and engaged much in literary pursuits as well as law. He delivered the ad- 
dress of welcome to Lafayette when the great general visited that town in 
1825. He died February 15, 1833. 

James Bartlett, son of Joseph Bartlett of Salisbury, Mass., where he 
was born, August 14, 1792; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1812; 
read law with Moses Eastman, Esq., and Parker Noyes, Esq.; opened an 
office in Durham in 1815; removed to Dover, 1819, where he was appointed 
register of probate for Strafford count}', which office he held until his death, 
Julv 17. 1837. He was Representative from Dover in the Legislature four 
years, 1823-1826; State Senator, 1827-1828. 


Aiiiasa Copp was born in Wakefield, October i8, 1788; graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 181 1; read law with William K. Atkinson at Dover; 
opened an office in Milton in 1815; died January 7, 1S71. He was Repre- 
sentative in the Legislature from Wakefield, where he resided from 1823 till 
his death. 

David Steele, son of Thomas Steele of Peterborough, where he was born, 
November 2j, 1793; read law with his brother, Hon. Jonathan Steele, at 
Durham; opened a law office in New Durham in 1826 and continued there 
until 1850, when he took up his residence in Dover; died at the residence of 
his son in Dover, July 6, 1882. 

Joseph Clark, son of Simeon Clark of Columbia, Conn., where he was 
born March 9, 1759. He served in the Revolutionary army; was taken pris- 
oner, a mere boy, and carried to Halifax and to England. Graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1785; read law at Durham with Gen. John Sullivan; 
opened an office at Rochester in 1788 and resided there twenty-five years in 
practice of his profession; Representative in the General Court 1798 and 
1801. Died in Hartford, Conn., December 21, 1828. 

Daznd Barker, Jr., son of Col. David Barker of Stratham, where he was 
born January 8, 1797; graduated from Harvard College in 1815, when 
eighteen years of age; read law with John P. Hale, Esq., at Rochester; opened 
his office there in 1819; Representative from Rochester in the General Court 
1823, 1825 and 1826; elected member of Congress 1827 and served one term. 
Died April i, 1834. 

Noah Tebbetts, son of John Tebbetts of Rochester, where he was born 
December 26, 1802; graduated from Bowdoin College in 1822; read law 
with J. H. Woodman, Esq.; admitted to Strafford county bar in 1825; prac- 
ticed law in Parsonsfield, ]\Iaine, seven years, then returned to Rochester 
and opened an office : he continued to reside in that town until his death 
September 9, 1844. He w-as Representative in the General Court in 1842; 
appointed a circuit justice of the court of common pleas. He was holding 
court when taken ill and soon died. 

John Smith Woodman, son of Nathan Woodman of Durham, where he 
was born in the historic Woodman garrison, September 6, 1819; graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1842. After teaching four years in South Caro- 
lina, and making a tour of the principal countries of Europe, he commenced 
reading law with Daniel M. Christie, Esq., at Dover, and was admitted to the 
Strafford county bar in 1849 and practiced law here until 185 1, when he was 
appointed professor of mathematics at Dartmouth College, which position 
he held four years; Chandler professor of civil engineering from 1856 to 1870 
in the Chandler Scientific School at Dartmouth College, which made him the 
chief executive officer under President Lord. On account of ill health he 
resigned in 1870 and died in the ancestral garrison at Durham. May 9. 1871. 


Professor Woodman was a great law yer and a far greater mathematician and 

Tappan U'riitii.'orth, son of Isaac Wentworth of Dover, where he was 
born February ^4, 1S02; educated in the pubHc schools of Dover and Frank- 
lin Academy in the same town ; commenced reading law in the office of 
Hon. William Burleigh, M. C, of South Berwick, Maine, in 1823: admitted 
to Strafford county bar in 1826; opened an office in Somersworth, where he 
practiced his profession seven years w ith marked success. In 1833 he removed 
to Lowell, Mass., where he practiced his profession forty years, during which 
time he accumulated a fortune of $300,000, being one of the great attorneys 
of Massachusetts. He was member of Congress one tenn. He died in 
Lowell June 12, 1875, bequeathing the bulk of his fortune to Dartmouth 

Nathaniel Wells was born in Wells, Maine, in 1805: graduated from 
Phillips Exeter Academy in 1826: read law with Winthrop A. Marston at 
Somersworth; admitted to the Strafford county bar in 1833; was law partner 
of Mr. Marston a few years ; then partner with Hon. Charles H. Bell and 
later with George William Burleigh of Somersworth. He died August 
16, 1878. 

JViiithrop .-I. Marston. son of John Marston of Nottingham, where he 
was born in 1801 : read law in the office of Stephen Mitchell, Escj., at Durham; 
opened an office in Somersworth in 1830: resided there the rest of his life, 
except two years spent in Do\er. During the later years of his life he was in 
partnership with Royal R. Eastman, Esq. The firm of Marston & Eastman 
was a very strong one and had a large practice in and out of the courts in 
Strafford county and York county, Maine. His death was sudden on March 
30. 1 85 1. 

Ichabod Goodzt.'in Jordan, son of Capt. Ichabod Jordan of Saco, Maine, 
where he was born October 6, 1806; graduated from Bowdoin in 1827; 
studied law and l>egan practice in Somersworth in 1830 and resided there 
until 1864, when he removed across the ro\-er to Berwick, Maine, where he 
resided until his death. He was State Senator in New Hampshire in 1853 
and 1854. 

John Adams Burleigh, son of John Burleigh of Deerfield, was born there 
January 2, 1800. He was fitted to enter Yale College but took up the study 
of law instead, under the direction of his brother, Hon. W'illiam A. Burleigh 
of South Berwick. Elaine; commenced practice of his profession in South 
Berwick in 1824 and resided there eight years; removed to Somersworth in 
1832, where he practiced law six years, and then became agent of the Great 
Falls Manufacturing Company, which business he managed with great suc- 
cess until his death August 22, i860. He was one of the great managers of 
mills of the country. 


George ]Villiain Burleigh, son of John Adams Burleigh, was born in South 
Berwick, Maine, April ii, 1830; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1851 ; 
read law with Wells & Bell at Somersworth ; admitted to the Strafford county 
bar in 1854 and became partner of Mr. Wells, Mr. Bell having withdrawn. 
He succeeded his father as agent of the Great Falls Manufacturing Company 
in i860, which position he held until 1874, when he resigned and resumed 
practice of law. He was Representative in the General Court of New Hamp- 
shire in 1863 and 1864; State Senator 1865 and 1866. He was member of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society and a trustee of Dartmouth College. 
He was also director in several railroads and in the Great Falls National 
Bank, and the Somersworth sa\-ings bank. He died April 25, 187S. 

Royal Eastman, son of Richard Eastman of Talmouth, Maine, was born 
there January 2y, 1816; read law with Nathaniel Wells of Somersworth and 
was admitted to the Strafford county bar in 1844, and opened an office in that 
town, where he practiced his profession successfully many years. He was 
appointed postmaster in 1870 and held the office until his death, February 2, 

William J. Copcland, son of Rev. William H. Copeland, was born in 
Albion, Maine, January 24, 1841 ; read law with Hon. Increase S. Kimball 
of Sanford, Maine; was admitted to the bar in Maine about i860, and prac- 
ticed his profession in that state until April, 1868, when he opened an office 
in Somersworth and remained in practice there unti! his death. He was one 
of the remarkable men and ablest lawyers at the Strafford county bar. In the 
later years of his practice he had James A. Edgerly, Esq., as his partner. 
This law firm was one of the strongest in the county for a number of years. 
Mr. Copeland died in 1886. Mr. Edgerly continued in successful practice 
until his death in 1908. 

Following are the Strafford county lawyers of the later ])eriod, most of 
whom are living, but only a few reside here at the present time ( 1913). The 
record is from February, 1894, to August, 19 13. 

Adams, James B., Dover; Amey, Harry B., Milton ^lills; Blackburn. 
Frank E.. Dover; Boyer, Edmund S., Somersworth; Bragdon, Oscar H., 
Somersworth; Brown, Fred H., Somersworth; Cartier, George E.. Roches- 
ter; Cochrane, George E. (dec'd), Rochester; Dearborn. Samuel L.. Roches- 
ter; Doe, Robert, Dover; Edgerly, James A. (dec'd), Somersworth; Emery, 
Justin A.. Rochester; Fairfield, Orren R.. Somersworth; Felker, Samuel D.. 
Rochester; Fernald, Frank F., Dover; Folsom, Ernest B., Dover; Foote, 
Arthur L., Dover; Frost, George S., Dover; Gafney, Charles B. (dec'd), 
Rochester; Galloway, Everett J., Dover; Gunnison. William T.. Rochester; 
Hall. Arthur W.. Dover; Hall, Daniel. Dover; Hall. Dwight. Dover; Hall, 
Joshua G. (dec'd), Dover; Hayes, Eugene B., Farmington ; Hughes. George 
T., Dover; Jones, Albert D., Rochester; Kimball, Henry, Rochester; Kivel, 


John, Dover; Knapp, William D. (dec'd), Somersworth ; Marsh, Forrest L., 
Milton Mills; Mathews, William S., Somersworth; McCabe, James H., 
Dover; McGill, Laurence V., Rochester; Moore, Harry V., Somersworth; 
Nason, William F., Dover; Parker, Samuel S., Farmington; Pearl, Isaac E., 
Rochester; I'iercc. Da\id R., Somersworth: Pierce, William S.. Do\'er: 
Pike, Robert G., Dover: Putney, Clifton C, Dover; Roberts, William 
H., Dover; Russell, \\'illiam F., Somersworth; Ryan, James, Jr. (dec'd), 
Dover; Scott, \\'alter ^^^, Dover; Sherry, Albert P., Dover; Smart, Elmer ]., 
Rochester; Smith, Harold M., Rochester; Smith, Sidney B., Somersworth; 
Snow, Leslie, P., Rochester; Stevens, Sidney B., Somersworth; Sunderland, 
John, Jr., Dover; Templeton. Ernest G., Rochester; Tibbetts, George E., 
Somersworth; Turner, Henry C, Rochester; \\"hittemore, Arthur G., Dover; 
\\'iggin, Arthur H., Fannington; \\'orcester, Joseph H. (dec'd), Rochester; 
Wright, William, Rochester. 


There was no count}' solicitor, as such, up to 1789, but the office was 
created by the Legislature that year, and William King Atkinson, a young 
lawyer who had been recently admitted to the bar, was appointed by the Gov- 
ernor and Council. He held the office until 1803, inclusive. His successors 
were as follows: Stephen Moody. 1S03-1819: L\TOan B. Walker, 1819-1834; 
Winthrop A. Marston, 1834-1835; Warren Lovell, 1835-1841 ; Charles W^ 
Woodman, 1841-1846; Samuel Clark, 1846-1855: Charles Doe, 1855-1857; 
Walcott Hamlin, 1857-1862; Louis Bell, 1862. who resigned his office to 
become colonel of a Xew Hampshire regiment and left for the war in 1863; 
Joshua Gilman Hall, 1S63-1S75; Thomas J. Smith, 1875-1876; Charles B. 
Shackford, 1876-1881 ; William R. Burleigh, 1881-1887; John Kivel, 1887- 
1892; William F. Nason, 1892-1898: Walter W. Scott, 1898-1904: Dwight 
Hall, 1904-1910: George T. Hughes, 1910. now in oflice. 


Theophilus Dame. 1773-1800: James Carr, 1800-iSio; Daniel Barker, 
1810-1820: William Badger, 1820-1830: John Chadwick, 1830-1835: Ban- 
ning Wcntworth Jenness. 1835-1840: Ezekiel Hurd. 1840-1845; Gorham W. 
Hoitt, 1845-1850: George McDaniel, 1850-1855: George W. Brashridge. 
1855-1856: Xathaniel \\i,g.gin. 1856-1866: Luther Hayes, 1866-1871 ; Joseph 
Tones. 1871-1875: John \\'. Iwell. 1875-1876: Stephen S. Chick. 1876- 
"1879: John Greenfield. 1879-1887: John G. Johnson. 1887-1889; John H. 
Pingree, 1889-1891 : William S. Hayes, 1891-1892: Bard B. Plummer, 1892- 


1894; James E. Hayes, 1894-1900; George W. Parker, 1900-1906; Frank I. 
Smith, 1906-1912; Edward S. Young in office, 1913. 


TlKjmas \\'estbrook W'aldron, 1773-1785; John Smith 3d, 1785-1791; 
William Smith, 1791-1793; John P. Oilman, 1793-1803; J. C. March, 1803- 
1811; Dominicus Hanson. 1811-1816; Moses L. Neal, 1816-1829; Joseph 
Cross, 1829-1833; George L. Whitehouse, 1833-1839: Thomas T. Edgerly, 
1839-1841 ; James B. Edgerly, 1841-1843; Charles Young, 1843-1845 ; S. 
Varney, 1 845-1 850; Charles Young, 1 850-1 851 ; Elijah Wadleigh Wadleigh, 
1851-1855; Andrew H. Y^oung, 1855-1859; David W. Parshley, 1859-1863; 
John S. Hayes, 1863-1868; Nahum Yeaton, 1868-1872; E. H. Twombly, 1872- 
1878; Joseph A. Jackson, 1878-1879; Frank F. S. Tompkins, 1879-1913. 
Mr. Tompkins has served thirty-four consecutive years and surpasses all 
previous records in length of time. He is an excellent penman, a courteous 
gentleman and accurate in all his records and transcripts of the same. 


John Wentworth, 1773-1775; George Frost, 1773-1793; Otis Baker, 1773- 
1785; John Plumer. 1773-1796; Moses Carr, 1776-1784; Ebenezer Smith, 
1784-1787; Thomas Cogswell, 1784-1810; Ebenezer Thompson, 1788-1795; 
Joseph Pierce, 1793- 1794; Samuel Hale, 1 794-1813; Daniel Beede, 1795- 
1799; Ebcntzer Thompson, 1796- 1802; Nathaniel Hoitt, 1 796-181 3; .\aron 
Wingate, 1803-1813; William Badger, 1816-1820; Richard Dame, 1817- 
1819; Valentine Smith, 1819-1820; Samuel Ouales, 1820; Henry Y. Simp- 
son, 1833-1841 ; Henry B. Rust, 1833-1838; Ezekiel Hurd, 1838-1840; Hiram 
R. Roberts, 1840-1853; George L. Whitehouse, 1841-1853; James H. Edgerly, 
1853-1854; Charles William Woodman, 1854-1855. 


Ebenezer Thompson, 1783-1788; Benjamin Thompson, 1788-1814; Daniel 
Waldron, 1814-1818; Andrew Peirce, 1818-1833; Francis Cogswell, 1833- 
1841 ; John H. Smith. 1841-1853; Reuben Hayes, Jr.. 1853-1857; John R. 
Varney, 1857-1860; George H. Niebuhr, 1860-1866; Daniel Hall, 1866-1875; 
James M. Folsom, 1875-1876; George E. Durgin, 1876, resigned July, 1904; 
William H. Roberts, August, 1904. 



George King, 1774-1780; Samuel Sherburne, 1780-1781; Nathaniel 
Adams, 1781-1817; Daniel Waldron, 1817-1821 ; Andrew Peirce, 1821-1834; 
Francis Cogswell, 1834- 1835. 


The Council, which was organized by the Revolutionary Assembly January 
5, 1776, and continued until the Constitution was adopted in 1784, had the 
following Stratford county men: From 1776 to 1780, Col. John Went worth 
of Somersworth, and Ebenezer Thompson of Durham; in 1789, John W'ent- 
worth and George Frost of Durham; in 1782 and 1783, George Frost and 
John Wentworth, Jr., of Dover; in 1784, George Frost and Ebenezer 



When the Assembly passed the law, February 5, 1773, to organize courts 
in Strafiford and Grafton counties, one of the conditions was that at the 
county seat a courthouse and a jail must be provided inside of four months. 
Dover complied with the terms by granting permission to hold the courts in 
the First Parish Meeting House, and by constructing a jail on the east side of 
what is now Central avenue and on the side of the hill where Mrs. John H. 
Henderson's house stands at the corner of South Pine street and Central 
avenue. It was built of very thick, white oak plank, and the job was so thor- 
oughly done that no prisoner ever escaped from it, till set free by the law. 
So that hill received the name of "Jail Hill," which it bore for more than a 
century, and it is sometimes now so called. 

The Meeting House in which the courts were held was of wood and 
stood where the present brick house near the corner of Central avenue and 
Silver street stands. It was built in 1758, so was a comparatively new edifice. 
Besides b-eing a place of worship for the First Parish and First Church, it was 
the place in which town meetings were held. This had been the order of 
things from the beginning of settlement on D()\er Neck in 1633 ; the town and 
the parish were one. 

The first court was held there, as provided in the law of February 5, 1773, 
and so continued for fifteen years or a little more, when a regular courthouse 
and town house was built, which building is now standing on the easterly 
side of the square, opposite the First Parish Meeting House. It is now occu- 
pied, on the first floor, by Bradley's garage. That square is called Tuttle 
square, in honor of Capt. John Tuttle. one of the ancient worthies of the 
town, a century before the courthouse was built. So the town and the county 
were joint owners and joint occupants. The first town meeting was held 
there November 23, 1789; Col. John \A'aldron was moderator. 

This "old courthouse" is one of the historic houses of the city. The June 
session of the Legislature was held there in 1792, so Dover was the capital 
of New Hampshire. The courts were held there for more than a half cen- 
tury, until 1843. In its court room many famous lawyers addressed Juries. 
Not only the lawyers of Strafford county, but others came here in the trials 
of important cases. Among the number were Daniel Webster, Jeremiah 



Mason, Ichabod Bartlett, George Sullivan, and Jeremiah Smith. Great legal 
battles were fought there by the giants of those days. 

Previous to 1840, when the old county was divided, the town of Rochester 
made repeated attempts to get the Legislature to remove the courts to that 
town and make it the county seat, the shire town. The zealous citizens of 
"Norway Plains"' represented to the general court that Rochester was much 
nearer the center of population ; that it was easier of access ; and made tempt- 
ing pecuniary offers to have the courthouse located at the "Plains." The 
result of all this agitation was that Dover was compelled to build a new town 
house to be used jointly by the town and county for town meetings and court 
sessions, with pro\-isions for p-ropcrly keeping the records of both. It required 
a good deal of discussion, diplomacy and some political dealing to induce the 
others towns to join w ith Do\er and continue this as the shire town. But it 
was done and the corner-stone of the town hall and courthouse (under the 
same roof) was laid September 29, 1842; John P. Hale, then Congressman, 
and later United States Senator, delivered the address, a very eloquent 
oration. The first meeting was held in it July 4, 1S43. It was a temperance 
meeting and several interesting addresses were deli\ered. It was held under 
the auspices of the Martha Washington Temperance Society. The hall was 
crowded and addresses were made by Dr. Nathaniel Low, Col. Andrew Peirce, 
John P. Hale, Rev. Enoclr Mack, Samuel H. Parker, J. R. Kimball and 
George T. Wentworth. This was appropriate, for the small wooden build- 
ing which had stood on that corner, and partly over the brook, was a liquor 
shop, and an intoxicated man had been drowned in the brook. The Masonic 
Temple now stands on that lot and the brook, a large stream of water, rims 
under Washington street in a big sew er. 

The last annual town meeting held in the old courthouse was on March 
14, 1843, and one to draw jurors was July 22, following. The first town 
meeting was held in the new building July 24, 1843, and the courts in the fol- 
lowing September. The courts continued to be held there undisturbed until 
November 23, 1866. A ball was held in the hall over the court room that 
night, and about an hour after midnight the building was discovered to be 
on fire and was partially destroyed on the interior, the walls remaining stand- 
ing. No records were destroyed. This was repaired and came into use again 
April 18, 1867. The courts continued to be held there until March 22, 1889, 
when a fire occurred which totally destroyed the building, and the courts 
were held temporarily in another building in the city, known as Walker hall, 
corner of Locust and Washington streets. 

The city of Rochester, soon after the fire, commenced a campaign of agita- 
tion to have that city made the shire town and take the courts away from 
Dover. A meeting of the representatives in the county was called and held 
in Walker hall April 8, 1889, to consider the question and decide what should 


be done. At this meeting it was voted to have a separate building, w herever 
it might be located. Certain committees were appointed and the convention 
then adjourned to April 24 to hear at that time what proposition Rochester 
might have to present. At the adjourned meeting the Rochester committee 
read the following, as a correct copy of the records of the Rochester town 
meeting, held April 22 : 

"Voted, on motion of John Young, in writing, that the town build a court- 
house in connection with its town hall, or build one separately, as may be 
deemed advisable, also all necessary and proper county buildings and offices, 
free of expense to the county, provided that the Legislature, it its next session, 
will authorize the same and change the shire town of the county from Dover 
to Rochester. And that Ebenezer G. Wallace, Stephen D. Wentworth and 
George F. Richardson be a committee on the part of the town to locate and 
purchase a suitable lot or lots, and to apply for all necessary legislation and 
to erect said buildings and pledge the credit of the tow n therefor." 

Mayor B. F. Neally of Dover addressed the convention and presented 
the following resolution : 

"Resolved, by the city council of the city of Dover: That the city of 
Do\'er purchase and donate to the county of Strafford a lot in said city, suit- 
able for the erection of a courthouse and county offices, and such as said 
county may elect, provided the cost of the same shall not exceed ten thousand 

The proposition offered by the city of Dover was accepted, although the 
Rochester party made a hot fight for the adoption of the offer made by that 
city. The convention appropriated $30,000 for construction of the courthouse. 
The lot given is a large and beautifully located tract of land, between First 
and Second streets, and in the rear of National block on Central avenue. It 
is an historic spot, as here was where Maj. Richard Waldron's garrison stood 
which was destroyed by the Indians June 28, 1689, and the Major was mur- 
dered in a torturing manner by the savages. 

This courthouse and county seat contest between Rochester and Dover 
began a hundred years before it ended as above descril:>ed. It does not seem 
probable that it will be renewed as everybody seems to be satisfied with the 
present arrangement. The county commissioners in their report April 30, 
i8go, said: "The new courthouse is practically completed, the interior 
arrangement of which is very convenient. The material used in the construc- 
tion of the interior of the building and the workmanship, is first class; the 
amount expended to date is $34,678.79." The commissioners were George P. 
Demeritt, John P. Rowe and Dwight E. Edgerly, who had charge of the 



The first jail in 1773, as has been stated, was built of white oak plank four 
inches thick. It was a one-story structure and stood on "Jail Hill," on the east 
side of what is now called Central avenue, near where Mrs. John H. Hender- 
son's house stands at the junction of South Pine street with the avenue. It 
was in use for about sixty years, when the citizens of the county began to 
demand something better and stronger than the old one, notwithstanding that 
had done good service and no prisoner had escaped from it until the law had 
set him free. 

The outcome of this public demand for a new jail was the erection of 
the stone structure on Silver street, with a brick house for the residence of 
the jailkeeper and his family. At the east end of the stone structure was a 
large yard, surrounded by a high board fence, inside of which the prisoners 
could have liberty for exercise, with no chance for escape from imprisonment. 
Silver street is one of the fashionable as well as the oldest in Dover. The 
residents grew weary of ha\ing those prison walls to look at as they passed 
and repassed it many times a day. Moreover, they took no pride in showing 
it to visitors. P^inally the demand for its removal became so outspoken that 
at a meeting of the Strafford county delegation of representatives held at 
Concord, August 24, 1887, the sum of $25,000 was raised and appropriated, 
along with the proceeds of the sale of the old jail and lot, for the purpose of 
building a new jail. Previous to that the city of Dover had very creditably 
and very liberally deeded the county five acres of land, located on a hill on the 
south side of the Cochecho ri\er, one of the most beautiful spots in the city, 
and removed cpiite a distance from all dwelling houses and factories. It is 
well adapted for the use for which it was given. In the fall of that year a 
contract was signed with the Pauly Jail Company of St. Louis for the build- 
ing of a rotary jail, connected with a house for the jailor. In their report 
the county commissioners, Ijenjamin F. Hanson, George P. Demeritt and 
Joseph D. Roberts, say: "We presume that before another year the old jail, 
that has stood as a disgrace and dishonor to the fair name of Strafford 
county, will be replaced by one of the most modern in New England." The 
construction was completed in 1888. The old jail property was sold for about 
$5,000. The stone from the jail can now be seen in the wall on the north side 
of the Cochecho river, extending from the Manufacturing Company's coal 
yard easterly toward the Central avenue bridge. 

The new jail was completed in 1888 and the prisoners were taken from the 
old jail in January. iSSq. The jailor then was Charles R. Meserve. who con- 
tinued in office up to April i that year, when he was succeeded by John H. 
Pingree. Jailor Meser\e held the office nine years in succession and was a 
very efficient official. No prisoners were successful in playing any tricks on 


him, and they were sure not to make any attempt a second time. Jailor 
Meserve was a stern man, but never cruel to his prisoners. He maintained 
military discipline during his nine years' service. Since his temi the sheriffs 
have performed the duty of jailer, in person, residing in the house annexed 
to the jail, a beautiful, comfortable and pleasantly located dwelling house. 


In the beginning of Strafford county there were not many poor folks who 
had to be cared for at the public expense ; here and there, now and then, there 
was one and all such were cared for in private families. As the years went 
by conditions changed; town paupers began to appear; soon they became so 
numerous that each town was compelled, by law, to provide a "Poor Farm" 
and pay a man and his wife to manage it, and take care of all the town 
paupers. Then ensued a period of hustling by the selectmen of each town to 
"shunt" the paupers onto other towns of the county whenever possible. But 
as a general thing the poor on these farms were well cared for, had plenty to 
eat and drink, perhaps too much cider at times, and plenty of clothing to keep 
them warm in winter. This arrangement continued for many years. But all 
the time the selectmen kept a sharp outlook at the ancestry of each pauper 
and shoved as many of them as possible onto the county for support. The 
result of this procedure was that the counties felt obliged to establish county 
fanns where they could properly care for their poor, instead of paying the 
various towns to do it. In fact the conclusion was reached that the towns 
charged the county too much for board and lodging. The outcome was that 
in 1866 the Legislature authorized the counties to purchase farms and fit up 
houses to properly care for the support of the "county paupers," instead of 
paying the towns for doing it. 

The commissioners for Strafford county to inaugurate this change in 1866 
were Joseph F. Lawrence of Lee, Andrew Rollins of Rollinsford and LTriah 
Wiggin of Dover. The first two mentioned were brothers-in-law. Mr. Law- 
rence in later years removed to Chicago, 111., and became one of the influential 
men of the city and resided there until his death in 1910. It was estimated 
that he was a millionaire at the time of his death. Mr. Wiggin died several 
years ago. Mr. Rollins, at four score and two years, is still active on his big 
fann in Rollinsford. 

These gentlemen, by the authority given them, purchased the John Trickey 
farm, located on the north side 0+' t'le Cochecho river, in Do\-er, but about 
four miles from the city hall. They took possession May 21, 1866, and 
employed Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius E. Caswell to live in the large farmhouse, 
care for the poor and carry on the fami. The farm contained 165 acres, ninety 
of which were in one field, along the bank of the river, a magnificent tract 


of land, which has produced enormous crops year after year ever since. Not 
long after that they purchased the Timothy Snell farm adjoining it on the 
north. The commissioners in their report said the cost of boarding each 
pauper was $1.50 a week. Soon the old farmhouse was displaced by a 
large brick edifice, for the better accommodation of the poor and for the 
superintendent and his wife. In 1868 the county farm sclieme had come into 
so much favor that nearly all the towns had sold their farms and were board- 
ing their paupers at the county's establishment. In the first published report, 
1867, they estimated the whole property at $43,144.80; the Trickey farm hav- 
ing cost $9,500, Snell farm $6,000, and the new house $16,000. At the last 
report ending with the year 1912, the total valuation was set at $146,243.33, 
divided as follows : Fann buildings and fixtures, $83,000; house of correction, 
$24,000; personal property, $39,243.33; jail lot and buildings, $35,840.81; 
courthouse, lot and fixtures, $43,948.57. 

Soon after the beginning a small number of paupers were insane, and these 
were supported at the state asylum in Concord at a cost of $5 a week; so 
the commissioners decided that such as were incurably insane might be 
properly cared for in a house the commissioners could fit up, separate from 
the main establishment. One of the buildings that was on the Snell farm was 
fitted up for the purpose, and the unfortunate ones were confined in it and 
cared for by a humane superintendent, equally as well as at the Concord 
establishment, and at much less expense. As the years went by the number 
of paupers of this kind increased; the asylum had to be enlarged, but there 
never was any complaint that it was badly managed, or that the inmates 
received improper or cruel treatment. All went along well, Mr. and Mrs. 
Caswell in charge of the main establishment and an efficient assistant under 
him in charge of the insane asylum. 

All moved along smoothly and satisfactorily under Mr. Caswell's man- 
agement, who was superintendent from 1867 to 1880, when he died. His 
successor was \\"illiam T. ^Yent\\•orth, who was a good manager and held 
the office seven years, 1880-1887. Following him Josiah G. Stiles held the 
office three years, 1887-1890. His successor was Charles E. Demeritt, who 
was superintendent three years, 1890-1893. The present superintendent, 
Edward A. Willand, came into office April i, 1893, and held the office ten 
years; the following six years were filled by R. M. Handy; since then Mr. 
Willand has held the office to date, and his term does not expire until 1914. 
He is a very efficient and popular manager. 

All moved along smoothly until the third year of Superintendent Demer- 
itt's term. His assistant manager was William P. Driscoll, who had special 
care of the insane asylum, he and his wife residing in one apartment of that 
building. For some reason not explained a very bad feeling had arisen 
between them before the winter of 1893. Demeritt gave up all control of the 


insane and the management of the asylum to DriscoU. The result of these 
disagreements was disastrous. 

On the night of March 9, 1893. a most calamitous event occurred. The 
insane asylum was bunied to ashes, and forty-one of the forty- four inmates 
were cremated. It was the most awful sight witnessed in Dover since burn- 
ing of Maj. Richard \Valderne"s garrison two centuries before when the 
Indians cremated him and a number of other Dover citizens. Soon after the 
fire the State Board of Health visited the county farm and made a thorough 
investigation. The board consisted of the following gentlemen: John B. 
Smith, E. G. Eastman, James A. ^Veston, G. P. Cann, John J. Berry and 
Irving A. Watson. March 8, 1893, they made a report to the General Court. 
They took the evidence of everyone who was cognizant of the facts in the 

They said the asylum was a two-story building, with two-story L with 
attic, first floor occupied by the keeper (Mr. Driscoll) and his family and 
seventeen inmates, second floor by nineteen inmates, attic by eight inmates. 
There were fifty-six cells or apartments in all, twenty-one apartments or cells 
on the first floor, twenty-three on second and twelve in attic. The asylum 
was erected twenty-one years ago, repaired and enlarged wholly of wooden 
materials, floorings, partitions, sheathings and furnishings to all the cells of 
pine lumber, flooring and sheathing so dried and shrunken in portions of the 
building as to enable persons to see each other between the floors and cells; 
heated throughout by steam from boiler, pipe hung over head. Its location was 
seventy feet west from the almshouse, and four miles from Dover (city hall) 
and about six miles from Somersworth and Rochester. The outdoor en- 
closure for the use of the inmates was surrounded by a wooden fence alx)ut 
ten or twelve feet high ; windows to asylum barred by four or more bars ; also 
some of the windows had heavy wire screening on the inside. The build- 
ing had four doors, one in main building, one in cell, one leading into 
the outdoor enclosure for women, and one leading into a like enclosure 
for men. The building was supplied with 200 feet of rubber hose. 100 feet 
of which was kept coupled onto pipe leading to tank in attic of almshouse; 
capacitv of tank 20,000 or more gallons, that was always kept well filled 
by supply from pumping station. Another 100 feet of hose hung on reel 
near standpipe; also supplied with four water pails on first and four on 
second floor, which were always kept full of water. 

At the time of the fire and for several months previous, the management 
and control of the asylum was in the hands of the keeper, William P. Dris- 
coll, with the exception that he had nothing to do with the food and clothing 
of the inmates, the same being supplied from the county almshouse under the 
direction of Charles E. Demeritt, the superintendent. Mr. Driscoll was 
assisted at the asylum by his wife, who was matron of the institution. There 


were no other employees, tlie entire care of the forty-four inmates devolving 
upon Mr. and Mrs. Driscoll. I^'ormerly Mr. Demeritt had entire chaige of 
the almshouse and the asylum, but, owing to a personal difficulty which arose 
between himself and Mr. Driscoll, the county commissioners (D-vight E. 
Edgerly of Farmington, Frank P. Reeve of Somersworth and W inthrop S. 
Meserve of Durham) divided the authority by giving Mr. Driscoll full con- 
trol of the asylum, and thereby relieving Mr. Demeritt of that especial duty. 

There was a night watchman, Wilber Chesley, who received his orders 
solely from Mr. Demeritt, superintendent of the almshouse, and who was re- 
quired to make six rounds each night, one of the stations, No. 4, being in 
the asylum of the insane. In making his 10 o'clock round on the night of 
February 9, he saw upon entering the storm door at the main entrance to 
the asylum, through the glass of the inside door, a reflection from the fire 
in the cell of Mary La Fontaine. He entered the asylum as quickly as pos- 
sible, and rushed to the apartment occupied by Mr. Driscoll and family at 
the further entl of the corridor in the L and informed him of the fire. With- 
out waiting to dress. Keeper Driscoll rushed to the cell occupied by Mary 
La Fontaine and unlocked it, then turned and unlocked the cell of Jim Daly, 
nearby, telling the watchman to "get some water and open the doors" ; 
but while getting Daly out, Mrs. La Fontaine jumped upon Mr. Driscoll's 
back. yir. Driscoll almost instantly disengaged himself from her, as he 
states himself, and the watchman also testified that Driscoll had freed himself 
from the woman before he (the watchman) had got the front door unlocked. 
The watchman (Chesley) left the building as soon as possible, and the spring 
lock effectually closed the door after him and could not be opened from the 
inside. Driscoll proceeded to inilock the other cells and succeeded with those 
upon the first floor, barely escaping from the building in season to save him- 
self and family. By this time, owing to the combustible nature of the build- 
ing, it was thoroughly on fire so that further efforts to subdue the fiames were 
unavailable. Two of the inmates whose rooms were unlocked by Mr. Dris- 
coll escaped from the burning building, and the one woman was rescued from 
the second story from outside. The remaining forty-one inmates were cre- 

.\fter gix'ing a summary of the testimony of each witness, the board says: 

The board has carefully reviewed all the evidence presented in this case, 
and has arrived at the following conclusions: 

First. That the fire originated in the room occupied by Mary La Fon- 
taine, and was, probably, ignited with a match in her possession. It was 
known that matches were furnished those inmates who smoked. She smoked 
occasionally, therefore it would not be difficult for her to obtain matches her- 
self or from other inmates. That the attendant of the asvlum. \\'illiam P. 


Driscoll, in a manner inexcusably careless, furnished matches to the afore- 
said inmates when called for. 

Seco)id. That the fire might have been extinguished immediately after 
its discovery had the watchman, Mr. Chesley, and the keeper, Mr. Driscoll, 
promptly made the attempt, inasmuch as at the time of its discovery the fire 
was small, being, according to Mr. Driscoll's testimony, "no larger than a 
bushel basket," and there was a fire hose ready for instant use, within a few 
feet of the fire, which was not used at all. 

Third. That Mr. Chesley, upon his own testimony, is shown to be totally 
unfit for a watchman, by reason of his defective eyesight, and also in not 
knowing, after having made the rounds of the institution for several months, 
that there was a fire hose and fire buckets in the asylum. 

Foiirtli. That the superintendent, INIr. Charles E. Demeritt, while having 
many commendable qualities, was inefficient in his administration of the af- 
fairs of the institution in the following particulars : Neglect in not having 
given specific instructions to his employees (and especially the watchman) 
as to what should be done in case a fire was discovered ; in not disciplining, 
or reprimanding the watchman for failure to perform his required duties, 
as shown by the register dial of the watchman's clock ; in not haxing a proi> 
erly organized and drilled fire squad, consisting of his employees and such 
inmates as might be available. 

Fifth. That the attendant, William P. Driscoll, was guilty of faulty 
management in not having instructed the watchman regarding the means 
available for extinguishing fire at the asylum, even though the testimony 
shows that he had no authority over the watchman. 

Sixth. That the county commissioners were negligent of their duties in 
the following particulars : In not giving explicit instructions as to the man- 
agement of the institution, both the almshouse and the asylum ; in not exam- 
ining carefully and fully into all the details of the management of both these 
departments, and remedying the defects that might ha\'e been readrly ascer- 
tained by them; in not providing fire escapes, which they might have done, 
to a greater or less extent, without a special appropriation for that purpose ; 
in not furnishing suitable means for promptly liberating the inmates from 
their cells, the testimony showing that several different keys were required 
to unlock the doors ; in dividing the responsibility of the management of the 
institution on account of personal differences between Mr. Demeritt and Mr. 
Driscoll, instead of discharging one or both, and eiuiiloying one competent 
man to take their places. 

Sez'enth. That prior boards of county commissioners were guilty of offi- 
cial negligence in not recommending to the county delegation such improve- 
ments and changes as were necessary to the best interests of the institution, and 


for not taking action themselves as far as their authority extended under the 

Eightli. That all previous county delegations have been guilty of allow- 
ing to exist, and of maintaining, after having been officailly warned of its 
condition in 1883, a building for the use of insane which was totally unfit 
for the purpose, and at which has existed at all times the terrible danger 
from fire, which finally destroyed it, with appalling loss of life. 

Ninth. In investigating the rumors of intoxication connected with the 
institution, the board found that Mr. Demeritt has, for a short period, been 
addicted to the use of chloral; and that, in consequence of the use of that 
drug, his efficiency was, perhaps, somewhat impaired — but this had no bear- 
ing upon the question of the fire; that, so far as Mr. DriscoU was concerned, 
it appears from his own testimony ana that of others, that several times 
within a year he has been given to the excessive use of intoxicating liquor, 
and on one occasion, at least, was gone from the institution two and a half 
or three days, leaving nobody, except his wife, in charge of the asylum 
during that time. There was no evidence showing that he ever drank at the 
institution. The e\-idence further shows that two of the employees of the 
institution had been seen in a condition of partial intoxication. 

The above were the conclusions reached from the investigation by the 
State Board of Health. That system for caring for the county insane was 
the same in all counties, differing only in some minor details. The system 
was the outgrowth of a forced necessity, the guiding principle of which 
w^as to house, clothe and feed the incurable insane at the smallest possible 
expense to the county. The result of this investigation had the effect on the 
next Legislature to enact a law abolishing all of these county insane asylums, 
and the State assumed the entire support, control and management of the 
insane, and the county asylums were abolished. 

The insane have not been kept at the county farm since then, but another 
class the next thing to the insane, is housed there in large numbers — "drunks" 
who are sent there from the police courts in Dover, Rochester and Somers- 
worth, to be cared Jor in the house of correction, which was built there several 
years ago; formerly they had been sent to jail; but the institution at the 
farm was established so that during the inmates' term of service they could 
be compelled to do farm work and in that way make some return for the 
expense for board and clothing. The superintendent and his assistants have 
given those who have been entrusted to their care very efficient instruction 
in farm work, and sent them out to the world sober men, and in much better 
health than when they began their term of "correction" ; but the historian 
cannot find record of any permanent reform in their drink habits; the house 
of correction has failed to "correct," permanently, the bad habits the men 


contracted which brought them into poHce court, when the judge could do 
nought else but send them to the county farm. 


The following have been county commissioners: 1867 and 1868, Joseph F. 
Lawrence, Andrew Rollins and Uriah Wiggin; 1869, Andrew Rollins, Uriah 
Wiggin and Josiah B. Edgerly; 1870, Mr. Edgerly, Mr. Wiggin and Jesse R. 
Home; 1871, Mr. Home, Mr. Wiggin and Richard T. Rogers; 1872, Mr. 
Wiggin, Mr. Rogers and True Wm. McDaniel; 1873, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Mc- 
Daniel and Ephraim Whitehouse; 1874, McDaniel, Whitehouse and John S. 
Hersey: 1875, Whitehouse, Hersey and Cotton H. Foss ; 1876, the same; 
1877, Foss, Whitehouse and John Bartlett; 1878, Whitehouse, Bartlett and 
William Pitt Moses; 1879, George Lyman, Samuel A. Seavey and Cyrus 
Littlefield; 1880, the same; 1881, the same; 1882 and 1883, the same; 1884, 
Ralph Hough, John L Huckins and William E. Waterhouse; 1885, Hough, 
Huckins and Waterhouse; 1886, John F. Torr, Benjamin F. Hanson and 
Joseph D. Roberts; 1887. Torr, Hanson and Roberts; 1888, Hanson, Roberts 
and George P. Demeritt; 1889, Hanson, Demeritt and Roberts; 1890, George 
P. Demeritt, John P. Rowe and Dwight E. Edgerly; 1891, Demeritt, Rowe 
and Edgerly; 1892, Edgerly, Frank P. Reeve and Winthrop S. Meserve; 
1893, William W. Cushman, John N. Haines and John D. Philbrick; 1894, 
Cushman, Haines and Philbrick; 1895, the same; 1896, the same; 1897, James 
A. Reynolds, Jabez H. Stevens and George H. Yeaton; 1898, Reynolds, 
Stevens and Yeaton; 1899, Reynolds, Stevens and Yeaton; 1900, the same; 
1901, 1902, 1903 and 1904, William T. Wentworth, Henry F. Cater and 
William E. Pierce; 1905. 1906. 1907 and igo8, Edwin C. Colbath, Jeremiah 
Langley and \\'illiam T. Hayes; 1909 and 1910, Benjamin F. Hanson, Walter 
Delaney and Edgar J. Ham; 1911 and 1912, Ham, Frank M. Libbey and 
Charles E. Hoitt; 191 3 and 1914, Ham. Libbey and Hoitt. 

The -office of county commissioner has always been one of those most 
eagerly sought by the county politicians. In the years of county conventions 
at which these officials were nominated there was always a very lively 
period of canvassing for the election of delegates who would make the de- 
cision in the nominating convention. Some over-anxious candidates for 
nomination would begin work a year in advance, making combinations that 
would elect delegates who would favor them when the time arrived for 
\-oting in the convention which would decide the question. The nominations 
are made differently now, but the office is just as eagerly sought for. 



The Strafford District Medical Society was organized in 1808 with the 
following charter members : Caleb Morse, Asa Crosby, Benjamin Kelley, 
Simon Forster, Jabez Dow, Joseph Boidin, Jedediah Chapman, Josiah Lane, 
Timothy F. Preston, Ichabod Shaw, Samuel Pray, Jeremiah Jewett, Abner 
Page, John McCrillis, Jonathan Greeley, Samuel Gerrish, Robert Woodbury. 

Presidents: Dr. Asa Crosby, Sandwich, 1808-11 ; Dr. Caleb Morse, Moul- 
tonoborough, 1812-21; Dr. Jabez Dow, Dover, 1822-24; Dr. Ichabod Shaw, 
Moultonborough, 1825-29; Dr. John McCrillis, Wakefield, 1830-32 ; Dr. James 
Farrington, Rochester, 1833-35; ^i"- Stephen Drew, Milton, 1836-38; Dr. 
John P. Elkins, New Durham, 1839-41; Dr. Noah Martin, Dover, 1842-43,- 
Dr. J. H. Smith, Dover, 1844-45; Dr. J. S. Fernald, Barrington, 1846-47; 
Dr. C. F. Elliot, Great Falls, 1848-49; Dr. John Morrison, Alton, 1850-51; 
Dr. Nathaniel Low, Dover, 1852-53; Dr. J. C. Hanson, Great Falls, 1854-55; 
Dr. P. A. Stackpole, Dover, 1856-57; Dr. A. Moulton, Ossipee, 1858-59; 
Dr. D. T. Parker, Farmington, 1860-61; Dr. L. G. Hill, Dover, 1862; Dr. 
I. W. Lougee, Rochester, 1863-64; Dr. M. R. Warren, Rochester, 1865-66; 
Dr. A. G. Fenner, Dover, 1867-68; Dr. A. Bickford, Dover, 1869-70; Dr. 
T. J. W. Pray, Dover, 1871-72; Dr. J. H. Wheeler, 1873-74; Dr M. C. 
Lathrop, Dover, 1875-76; Dr. B. W. Sargent, Rochester, 1877-78; Dr. J. 
S. Parker, Lebanon, Me., 1879-80; Dr. S. C. Whitties, Portsmouth, 1881 ; 
Dr. John R. Ham, Dover, 1882; Dr. S. C. Whittier, Portsmouth, 1883; Dr. 
J. \y. Parsons, Portsmouth, 1884-S5; Dr. Carl H. Horsch, Dover, 1886-87: 
Dr. Charles A. Fairbanks, Dover, 1888-89; Dr. Henry Rust Parker, Dover, 
1890-91; Dr. J. J. Berry, Portsmouth, 1892-93; Dr. Miah B. Sullivan, Dover, 
1894; Dr. L. E. Grant, Somersworth. 1895; Dr. A. Noel Smith, Dover, 1896; 
Dr. A. C. Heffinger, Portsmouth, 1897; Dr. Roscoe G. Blanchard, Dover, 
1898; Dr. E. D. Jaques, South Berwick, 1899; Allen P. Hichmond, Dover, 
1900: Dr. W. H. Nute. Exeter, 1901 ; Dr. John H. Neal, Rochester, 1902: 
Dr. George P. Morgan, Dover, 1903; Dr. A. E. Grant, Durham, 1904; Dr. 
George A. Folsom, Dover, 1905; Dr. P. H. Greeley, Farmington, 1906; Dr. 




D. L. Stokes, Rochester, 1907; Dr. Louis \Y. Flanders, Do\er, 1908; Dr. T. 
J. Dougherty, Somersworth, 1909; Dr. M. A. H. Hart, Farmington, 1910; 
Dr. H. O. Chesley, Dover, 191 1; Dr. F. L. Keay, Rochester, 1912-1913. 

Presidents pro ten:.: Jabez Dow, 1832; Dr. Noah Martin, 1841 ; T. J. 
W. Pray, 1869; M. C. Lathrop, i860. 

Secretaries: Dr. Samuel Gerrish, 1808-9; Dr. Jabez Dow, Dover, 1810, 
1813-16; Dr. Jonathan Greeley, 1811; Dr. Samuel Pray, Rochester, 1812, 
1817-19; Dr. Asa Perkins, 1820-22; Dr. Stephen Drew, Milton, 1823; Dn 
Moses Colby, Ossipee, 1824-27; Dr. Thomas Lindsay, Jr., Wakefield, 1828- 
30; Dr. John S. Fernald, Barrington, 1831-32; Dr. J. H. Smith, Dover, 
1833-38; Dr. Levi Merrill, Dover, 1S39-44; Dr. P. A. Stackpole, Dover, 
1845-54; Dr. L. G. Hill, Dover, 1855; Dr. A. G. Fenner, Dover, 1856-65; 
Dr. Jeremiah Home, Dover, 1866; Dr. L R. Ham, Dover, 1867-78; Dr. C. 
A. Fairbanks, Dover, 1879-87; Dr. Roscoe G. Blanchard, Dover, 1888; Dr. 
Charles A. Fairbanks, Dover, 1889-98; Dr. Louis W. Flanders, Dover, 1899- 
1906; Dr. H. O. Chesley, Dover, 1907-08; Dr. L. W. Flanders, Dover, 
1909-12; Dr. F. L. Keay, Rochester, 1913. 

Members from 1810-1913: 1810 — William Smith, Northwood; Moses 
Colby, Ossipee; David W. Clark, Parsons' Field, Me.; Thomas Lindsey, 
Wakefield ; William Chadbourne, Conway. 

1812 — Benjamin Kittridge; Thomas Webster, Sanbornton. 

1814 — Henry Sargent, New Durham. 

181 5 — Thomas H. Merrill, Gilmanton. 

1 81 6 — George Kittridge, Epping. 

1817 — William Prescott, Gilmanton; John Morrison, Alton; Jonathan 
Woodbury, Dover; Josiah Crosby, Meredith; John B. Elliot, Barrington; 
Ebenezer Dearborn, New Durham. 

1818 — Jacob Kittridge, Dover; Joseph Hammonds, Farmington; John 
McCrillis, Wakefield; Asa Perkins. 

igxQ — Stephen Drew, David S. Libbey, Effingham; Levi Merrill. Tuf- 

1820 — James Farrington, Rochester. 

1821 — Daniel Mowe, New Durham; Charles White, Sandwich. 

1822 — Reuben Buck, Shapley, Me. ; Ichabod Shaw, Moultonborough ; John 
P. Elkins, Middleton; Moses Colby, Ossipee. 

1823 — Nathaniel Low, South Berwick, Me.; Alexander Hatch, Leba- 
non, Me. 

1824 — Freedom Seaver, Dover. 

1825— Thomas Lindsay, Jr., Wakefield; Asael Dearborn, Effingham. 

1827— John S. Fernald, Barrington; Thomas J. Tibbetts, Wolfborough; 
Samuel W. Drew, Dover. 

1828 — James Norris, Sandwich; J. B. Warner, Somersworth. 


1 83 1 — Jere. Dow, Farmington. 

1832 — Richard Russel, Wakefield; G. L. Bennett, Middleton, George Kitt- 
ridge, Dover. 

1834— O. W. Austin; M. R. Warren, Middleton. 

1835 — Noah Martin, Dover. 

1S36— J. W. Cowan, Dover; H. G. Ford; C. F. Elliot, Somersworth; 
George Fabyan. 

1837 — A. G. Fenner, Dover. 

1839 — Alvah Moulton, Ossipee; David T. Parker, Fafmington; Richard 
Steel; Richard Ruzzel. 

1840 — Calvin Cutter, Dover; Jefferson Smith, Dover. 

1 84 1 — Benjamin Woodman. 

1842 — Calvin H. Guptill. 

1843 — P. A. Stackpole, Dover; Stephen W. Drew. 

1845 — J. L. Swinerton. 

1846 — L. G. Hill, Somersworth; Jesse A. Sandbom, Wolfborough; Charles 
Warren, Wolfborough; J. C. Hanson, Somersworth; Alvah Parker, East Leb- 
anon, Me.; George D. Staples, North Berwick; S. H. Paul, Dover; Jeremiah 
Home, Dover; \\'. H. H. Manson, Moultonborough ; Da\id Huckins, 

1847 — Thomas Tuttle, Northwood. 

1848 — Yeaton, Somersworth; Pratt, Wingate, Russell, Tyler, Somers- 
worth; T. G. Pike, Durham; Oliver Goss, Tuftonbo rough. 

1849 — Thomas J. W. Pray and Nicholas Folsom, Dover. 

1850 — Abner Horn, Farmington; J. Farrington, Rochester; C. H. Shack- 
ford and J. T. Page, Somersworth; G. W. Woodhouse, Alphonso Beckford, 
Nathaniel Low, Dover; Leighton and Flanders, Durham; William Water- 
house, Barrington. 

1852 — Palmer of Strafford; C. Trafton, South Berwick; Palmer, Milton; 
L W. Sawyer, Alton. 

1854 — Frank Tuttle, Somersworth. 

1855 — C. L. Hartwell, Farrington; Andrew J. H. Buzzell, Dover; 
L S. Ross, Somersworth. 

1858 — A. M. Winn and N. C. Parker, Farmington; Freeman Hall, North 

i860— E. C. Dow. 

1861 — Jefferson Smith, Dover; B. N. Fowle, Newmarket. 

1862 — James H. Wheeler and G. E. Pinkham, Dover. 

1864 — J. Ham, Dover. 

1866 — John P. Horn and N. Woodhouse, Dover. 

1867 — S. C. Whittier, Portsmouth; Alvah Junkins, Somersworth. 

1868— John Bell, M. C. Lathrop, B. F. Kimball, Dover; O. G. Cilley, 
Durham; A. C. Newell, Farmington; J. W. Buckman, Somersworth. 


1869 — R. B. Foss, Farmington. 

1870— D. A. Wendell, Dover. 

1871— C. A. Tufts, Dover. 

1872— W. S. Atkinson, J. H. York, Dover; E. N. Tucker, Canyon. 

1875 — Frank Haley, W. P. Sylvester, Dover; W. H. Horr, Salmon Falls; 
J. S. Daniels, Barrington. 

1876 — C. E. Swasey, W. H. Sylvester, Somersworth. 

1877 — Eli Edgcomb, Somersworth; C. E. Blazo, Rochester; J. W. 
Parsons, Portsmouth. 

1878— E. S. Berry, A. Noel Smith, D. P. T. Chamberlain and Charles 

A. Fairbanks, Dover; N. C. Twombly, Strafford. 

1879 — J. Pitts, Dover; E. Q. Adams, Kittery Point. 

1880— J. L. M. Willis, Eliot; T. A. Rogers, Kennebuckport, Me.; C. E. 
Quimby, Somersworth. 

1881— F. J. Harmon, Sanford; W. E. Pillsbury, Milton; S. N. Nash, 
North Berwick; G. O. Robbins, Somersworth; F. P. Virgin, Rochester; M. 

B. Sullivan, Henry Rust Parker, J. G. Hayes, Dover; O. B. Hanson, Farm- 
ington ; J. O. McCarrison, North Berwick. 

1882 — Herbert F. Pitcher, Milton. 

1883 — Frank L. Durgin, Sanford, Me. 

1884 — Roscoe G. Blanchard, Dover. 

1885 — El win W. Hodson, Carl H. Horsch, Dover. 

1886 — Edwin D. Jaques, South Berwick, Me. ; Daniel P. Cilley, Jr., John 
Young, Farmington; Charles M. Sleeper, South Berwick, Me.; William Hale, 

1887 — Frank B. Morrill, North Berwick, Me.; William P. Watson, 
Dover; George E. Osgood, East Barrington; Charles D. Jones, Milton; John 
J. Berry, Portsmouth. 

1888 — Harry H. Stackpole, Dover; George S. Emerson, South Berwick, 
Me.; John D. O'Doherty, Dover. 

1889 — George B. Emerson, Allen P. Richmond, Dover; Elwin T. Hub- 
bard, Rochester. 

1890 — George P. Morgan, Dover; Lindsey E. Grant, Somersworth. 

1892 — Dudley L. Stokes, Rochester; Henri A. Jendrault, Inez H. Ford, 
Dover; Arthur C. Heffinger, Portsmouth; Thomas J. Ward, Dover. 

igg^ — George A. Tolnian, Dover; Benjamin Chee\er, Portsmouth; James 
S. Roberts, Durham. 

18^4 — Frederick O. Fowle, Portsmouth; Louis W. Flanders, Dover. 

1895 — Marion F. Smith, Hampton. 

i8q6 — Thomas J. Dougherty, Somersworth; John H. Mudgett, Bar- 


1897 — William H. Dyer, Providence, R. I.; John C. Parker. 

Admitted since 1897 to date — William H. Nute, Exeter; Albert E. Grant, 
Stephen Young, John H. Neal, Frederick L. Hayes, Wesley M. Newcomb, 
Hannibal P. Wheatley, John R. Pattee, Thomas W. Luce, Forrest L. Keay, 
Frank W. Blair, John H. Bates, Chas. W. Hannaford, Ray J. Ward, John S. 
Meserve, Wm. B. Kenniston, Philips H. Greeley, W'alter Tuttle, Pearl Tenny 
Haskell. Harry O. Chesley, Louis L. Gilman. A. T. Downing, Linwood M. 
Keene; Eugene B. Eastman, Portsmouth; Oliver N. Eastman, Burlington, 
Vt. ; E. C. Batchelder, Dover, N. H. ; J. J. Morin, P. J. Kitridge. Rochester, 
N. H. ; E. N. Carrignan, E. L. Chapman, J. K. Sweeney, Dover, N. H. 




There have been three executions for murder in StrafYord county, two in 
the jails here, and one at the Concord state prison ; a fourth was sentenced to 
be hanged, but died before the day arrived on which he was to be executed. 
The first execution was on June 3, 1788, and took place at the foot of Swazey's 
hill in what is the mill yard of the Cocheco Manufacturing Co., on Payne 
street. The unfortunate man was Elisha Thomas of New Durham. He was 
a veteran of the Revolutionary army, and in any modern court would not 
have been held for any higher crime than murder in the second degree, man- 
slaughter. It came as the result of an altercation, in the preceding February, 
between Thomas and another man, in a tavern at New Durham; both were 
badly under the influence of New England rum. Captain Brown, who had 
been an officer in the Revolutionary army, attempted to separate the bellig- 
erants, and in so doing got stabbed with a knife by Thomas and soon died. 
Thomas expressed deep grief as he had not the slightest intention of wounding 
his friend. Captain Brown; but regrets did not count in court. He was ar- 
rested, brought to Dover and confined in the jail, which stood on "Jail Hill," 
where Mrs. John H. Henderson's house now stands on the east side of Central 
avenue, corner of South Pine street. Theophilus Dame was jailor. Thomas 
left at home a wife and six children. Some days after he was committed to 
jail, his wife, taking her youngest child to a neighbor's house, set out for 
Dover to visit her husband; that was no easy journey in those days, and on 
foot. One night while she was away, the other five children being in bed, 
the house caught fire and was burned, and four of the children were burned 
with it, the oldest one escaping. While in jail, and a few days before his 
execution, Thomas attempted to escape by climbing up the big flue in the 
chimney, but failed to get free. The jailor allowed him to attend church on 
Sundays, under guard of the sherifl:" and his posse. The First Parish meet- 
ing house then was a wooden building which stood on the site of the present 
brick edifice at Tuttle Square. The Ncxc Hampshire Gasette, of current date, 
gave quite an account of the execution, and says : "The very peculiar cir- 



cumstances of this unhappy man's fate induced a vast concourse of specta- 
tors to attend his execution." One of the Dover witnesses of the affair was 
Michael Read, Esc]., then a boy of ten years. Mr. Read died September 3, 
1864, and was probably the last survivor of the vast throng of witnesses 
who stood on the hill and saw the sheriff perform his sad duty. Some Dover 
citizens now surviving (1913) have heard him tell the story of what he saw 
that day, June 3, 1788. 


The second execution occurred July 8, 1846, in the jail yard, on the south 
side of Silver street, just west of tlie present Dover and Portsmouth railroad, 
where Mr. Philip Brown's elegant residence now stands. The prisoner was 
Andrew Howard of Rochester, who murdered Phebe Hanson, September 19, 
1843. The executioner was Higli Sheriff Gorham W. Hoitt of Lee. The 
final trial was held in the old courthouse, now (1913) Bradley's garage, in 
the summer of 1845; August 11, that year, he was convicted and sentenced 
to be hung on the twelfth of November following. On that day all the 
necessary preparations for the hanging were ready, and the gallows up in 
front of the jail yard, and several thousand persons had gathered to witness 
tlie execution, covering all the fields around there, and Sheriff Hoitt was about 
to escort the prisoner to the platform when a fast riding courier arrived on 
the scene and presented from Governor Steele a reprieve of the prisoner to 
the eighth of July, 1846. The crowd was greatly disappointed. They wanted 
to see Howard hung, and some would have taken him out and performed the 
job for the sheriff, could they have got hold of him. But Sheriff Hoitt was 
a strong man and had a strong posse at hand to assist him in defense of 
the jail and in support of law and order. The affair was a neighborhood 
talk in all parts of the county until the real execution came in the following 


The Dover Empiirer of September 26, 1843, gave an interesting account 
of the murder, from which the following excerpt was taken. It says : "In 
a remote part of tlie town (of Rochester) near the line of Farmington, a 
woman, Phelie Planson, was shot in her .own house at noon-day. I\Iiss 
Hanson was a maiden lady somewhat advanced in years, and with her 
brother, also unmarried, occupied the house. About noon a neighbor of the 
name of Page, living a few rods distant, heard the report of a gun at the 
house of Miss Hanson, and soon started for there to see what was the matter. 
Before he arrived there he saw three men advancing toward the house from 
an opposite direction, with guns upon their shoulders, and they reached the 
house and entered it a few minutes before Mr. Page arrived. On entering 
he found them seated in the kitchen. On incpiiring for Miss Hanson lie was 


told that she was in the front entry asleep ; they said they had been out gun- 
ning and had called to get some drinks of cider. 

Mr. Page went to the entry and found Miss Hanson dead, having bled 
profusely. He told the men she was dead, supposing that she had fallen 
down stairs. They expressed surprise, but left the house and went into the 
woods. The neighbors were informed, and search was made for the men and 
they were found and arrested. An investigation was held and they cleared 
themselves of having any knowledge of the murder. Two other persons, 
brothers, of the name of Howard, one of whom had been often employed 
by Miss Hanson on her farm, and who sustained a bad character, were 
■ immediately suspected and warrants were taken out for their arrest. When 
the officers reached their house and entered the front door the brothers made 
their escape by the cellar door, and went to Dover; the officers pursued them 
and succeeded in arresting them just as they were entering a car to leave on 
the train for Boston. They were taken to Rochester for examination, which 
was held before Richard Kimball, Esq. The officials seem to have made 
it so searching that one of the brothers, Andrew, made a full confesssion of 
his guilt ; as nothing appeared against his brother, Emery, he was set free. 

"From his confession it appeared the object of perpetrating the crime was 
to obtain money from Miss Hanson, which he knew she had in the iiouse. He 
said he left his brother's house, near Great Falls, Tuesday morning (day of 
the murder) with his gun loaded and went to Miss Hanson's house detennined 
to get her money. Her brother was away. He tried to persuade her to gi\'e 
him money, and she gave him a small sum. Then he threatened her if she 
did not give him more ; she said that was all there was in the house. He 
told her he knew better, and finding she would not give up, he raised his 
gun, took deliberate aim and shot her through the neck. The ball passed 
completely through and caused instant death. He then took the trunk be- 
longing to her brother, Jacob Hanson, broke it open and stole what was in 
it, about thirty dollars, in cash, and a pocket knife. The trunk of Phebe, 
which was said to contain nearly $i,ooo, he failed to find. The money and 
knife were found later. Howard is a young man about twenty-five years old.'' 

The trial of the case commenced on Tuesday, August 13, 1844. Charles 
W. Woodman, county solicitor,, was the prosecuting attorney, assisted by 
Attorney-General AValker. Counsel for the prisoner were Daniel M. Christie 
and John P. Hale. The trial occupied two days. Mr. Hale's argument, 
about three-quarters of an hour, was directed against capital punishment. Mr. 
Christie argued that if the prisoner were guilty, which he neither affirmed 
nor denied, he was guilty only of murder in the second degree. The case was 
given to the jury about 12 o'clock (noon) who, after being out all the after- 
noon, came into court and reported that they could not agree, six being in 


favor of returning a verdict of guilty of murder in the first degree, and six 
that it be for murder in the second degree. 

The case was again tried at the February tenn of the court of common 
pleas, when Attorneys Bell and Christie were counsel for Howard. About 
two hundred jurors were summoned before the panel was completed. From 
the first fifty only four were chosen. The trial occupied nearly a week, the 
defense being carried on with great skill by two of the ablest lawyers in the 
state. Mr. Christie, who was then in his prime, occupied five hours in his 
argument which was very ingeniously woven and held the close attention of 
every one in the court room, which was crowded. The jury were out only a 
short time when they agreed upon a \-erdict of guilty of murder in the first 
degree. The counsel for the prisoner immediately made a motion in arrest 
of judgment, so the sentence could not be given until the next August. 

The execution took place July 8, 1846, nearly two years after the murder 
was committed. The local papers gave a full account of the scenes attendant 
upon it. The number of spectators in attendance was estimated at three 
thousand, a third of whom were women. The larger part of them could nut 
see anything of the hanging of the prisoner, at which they expressed mucli 
anger toward Sheriff Gorhani W. Hoitt because he had erected the gallows 
in the rear of the jail, where it could not be seen from the street. The sheriff 
had also endeavored to conceal it by a canvas, from those who had mounted 
fences, but this he was compelled to remove by the threats of the more 
boisterous part of the spectators to demolish the fences of the jail yard if 
the canvas was not taken down. It is the tradition that the sheriff was very 
much frightened by the mob tendency of the spectators and took down the 
canvas as a compromise. When the hanging was booked for the previous 
date, but was postponed by a reprieve from Governor Steele, the gallows had 
been erected in front of the jail where everybody could see. One man, who 
was present and witnessed the execution, told the writer he never saw a more 
excited crowd of people, and when some one shouted, "There he goes," several 
women screamed and fell senseless in swoons. It is the tradition that Sheriff 
Hoitt dreaded to, perform the work, and became so nerved up he w'as never 
quite himself again. It was well that the Legislature not long after decreed 
that all executions henceforth should be performed in the state prison. The 
Howard murder trial was probably the subject of more talk and discussion 
than any homicide that ever took place in New Hampshire. The Silver street 
jail was built in 1827 and began to be occupied in 1828, the year the old jail 
was sold. 


The third execution of a Strafford county man was on the fourteenth day 
of March, 1879; John O. Pinkham was the man and Sheriff Stephen S. Chick 


performed the hanging in the state prison at Concord. T(he murder was com- 
mitted in New Durham January 9, 1878. The trial began March 5, 1878, 
and was completed March 9, and he was convicted of murder in the first 
degree. The prosecution was conducted by Mason W. Tappan, Attorney- 
General and Charles B. Shackford, county solicitor. Counsel for the defense 
were James A. Edgerly and George S. Cochrane. The respondent was sen- 
tenced to be hanged on the fourteenth day of March, 1879. ^t a meeting 
of the Governor and council the first of March, 1879, the council voted to 
commute his sentence to imprisonment for life, on account of his alleged 
mental condition, but Governor Prescott refused to sign the warrant for 
commutation, so he was hanged as decreed by the court. 

The murder occurred on the afternoon of January 9, 1878, at a farm 
house in New Durham. The victim was Mrs. Hiram Berry. Pinkham was a 
farm laborer who had been in her employ, but had been discharged a few 
weeks before, as his conduct had become unendurable; he was a confinned 
cider-toper, and kept himself boozy cross about all the time that winter. He 
claimed she owed him for work; she refused to pay it, as she did not owe 
him anything. He made the demand twice, and was refused ; he came a third, 
on the fatal afternoon, with a double barrel gun loaded, and repeated the 
demand ; being refused he \\ent into the entry where he left his gun when 
he first came in ; returning, he took deliberate aim and shot her dead, in the 
presence of her daughter, who exclaimed, "You have killed my Mother!" 
Whereupon Pinkham exclaimed, prefacing it with an oath : "I have killed 
your mother, and if you speak another word, I will shoot you!" Pinkham 
then left the house and when about forty rods away he pulled out his pocket 
knife and cut his throat, but did not do any serious damage, so he recovered 
all right. Soon after, the alarm being given, he was arrested by Sheriff 
J. G. Johnson and taken to Farmingtoh, where a hearing was held before 
Judge Tuttle, who committed him to jail in Dover. The trial in March occu- 
pied four days, and his counsel, Edgerly and Cochrane, made strenuous 
efforts to make it appear Pinkham was temporarily insane, but Attorney- 
General Tappan and County Solicitor Shackford presented proof that all the 
insanity he had was caused by too much hard cider in his stomach, having 
previously been on a spree, and the killing was tlie result of his violent temper. 


The fourth, and last, first degree murder case was that of Isaac B. Saw- 
telle, which took place in I^ochester, though neither party was a resident of 
that city. It was committed on February 5, 1890; the victim was his brother, 
Hiram F. Sawtelle, of Chelsea, Mass. The trial began December 16, 1890, at 
II A. M. and was concluded December 25 at 5 o'clock P. M. The prosecuting 


attorneys were Attorney-General Daniel Barnard and County Solicitor John 
Kivel, with Elmer J. Smart, Esq., as assistant. The counsel for the defend- 
ant were James A. Edgerly, Joseph H. Worcester and George F. Haley, 
Esqs. It was a hard-fought battle, but Sawtelle was convicted of murder in 
the first degree. The case was transferred to the Supreme Court on excep- 
tions, which exceptions were overruled. A motion for a new trial was heard 
before the full bench of judges and denied. The respondent was sentenced 
on the twenty-fifth of December, 1890, to imprisonment in the state prison 
at Concord until the first Tuesday of January, 1892, and then to be hanged 
by the neck until dead. On January 25, 1891, Sawtelle was stricken with 
apoplexy in his cell and died soon after. 

The murder was the result of a family quarrel about propert)', at Chelsea 
Heights, Mass., in which Isaac and Hiram and their mother, and Hiram's 
wife were the dramatis personae. Isaac entertained the idea that if he could 
get his brother Hiram out of the way he could get possession of c|uite an 
amount of property. A daughter of Hiram was sent to board with a family 
in Rochester. Isaac went to Rochester and sent a telegram for his brother 
to come there as the girl was dangerously sick. Hiram went there and was 
met at the train by Isaac, who had hired a team and had it waiting. They got 
into the team and drove towards East Rochester, Hiram suppijsing he was 
going to see his daughter at a farm house. On the road Isaac drew a pistol 
and shot his brother dead, then held his body upright in the carriage and 
drove across the Salmon Falls river into Lebanon, JMe., about two miles. 
There in a growth of pine trees he dug a grave and buried the body, having 
taken along in the carriage a spade and other tools with which to dig. 
He then returned to Rochester and took the train for Boston. He was not 
suspected or arrested until three or four weeks after. 

The first hearing in the case was before Judge Wentworth in Rochester, 
on March 11. The contending lawyers were County Solicitor John Kivel, 
now judge in the Superior Court, and James A. Edgerly, Esq., of Soniers- 
worth, who died several years ago. Mr. Edgerly was then in his prime, 
and keen as a Damascus sword. The chief witness at the preliminary hearing 
was Mrs. Sawtelle, widow of Hiram, the murdered man. I'or Mr. Kivel she 
told a plain, straight story. Mr. Edgerly's cross examination was very severe, 
as he knew how to be when his powers were aroused. That brought out the 
whole story of the family quarrels about the property, w hich caused the murder. 

Previous to this first hearing at which the respondent was held, without 
bail for appearance before the grand jury, there had been a great amount of 
investigation, it taking quite a while to track the murderer's route to the place 
where he buried the body of his victim, which he mutilated considerably, and 
then quite a lot of running and searching for evidence the body was that of 
Hiram. Newspaper men were here from all quarters, on the watch for the 


latest discoveries in the affair. So it was a period of excitement never before 
surpassed in Strafford county. County Solicitor Kivel was on the watch 
constantly and had every clue thoroughly ferreted out before he had the 
preliminary hearing, so that he was ready to counter strike every blow dealt 
by his opponent, Mr. Edgerly. 

At the trial in December following two of the most eminent judges in the 
state presided, Chief Justice Charles Doe and Judge George A. Bingham, and 
they held tlie contending counsel, who were verj' bitter at times, strictly 
within the rule of evidence and of law. The weather was very cold. The 
court room at each day of the trial was crowded to its capacity. Judge Doe 
was noted for his love of fresh air, both at home and in court. The presence 
of such a crowd in the court room made the atmosphere very much vitiated 
soon after the sitting began; Judge Doe could not stand it; he ordered the 
sheriff to lower every window in the room ; the cold, bracing air come in with 
a rush ; he put on his coat and kept the lawyers and witnesses working, though 
shivering with cold. When he thought enough fresh air had been admitted 
he ordered the windows closed. This ventilating process was repeated each 
day, whenever the judge got "fidgity." Several persons caught severe 
"colds" and were laid up with pneumonia after the trial was over. 

In conducting the defense the respondent's counsel became convinced they 
could not clear him of the charge of murder, so bent all their energy to dis- 
credit evidence that the crime was committed in Rochester; if committed 
across the Salmon Falls river, in Lebanon, Maine, then, of course, no legal 
trial could be held in Strafford County, New Hampshire. No witness saw the 
shooting; all the evidence presented was circumstantial. In substance it was 

When Isaac and Hiram were on their way in the team from Rochester 
Center to East Rochester village a man with a load of lumber met them ; soon 
after he had passed them he heard three rapid reports of pistol shots in the 
direction of the carriage containing the two men; he did not recognize the 
men, but afterwards did recognize Isaac Sawtelle as one of the men. Also 
a woman, living near the road to East Rochester, and not far from where the 
lumber man passed the team, heard the three pistol shots fired in rapid succes- 
sion. A third witness was also produced in court who testified to hearing 
the pistol shots. Other circumstantial evidence was also presented. After 
the shooting one witness testified he saw the two men in the carriage and one 
was leaning against the other. Hence it was shown that the murder was 
committed in Rochester, N. H. This was the last case in Strafford county 
of murder of the first degree. 



From January 24, 1888, to August 23, 1908, there were 33 indictments 
by the grand jury for murder in Strafford county; during the past five 
years there has been no case of the kind before the court. As has already 
been stated, two of these were for murder in the first degree and were 
sentenced to be hung; one was hung; the other died before the day arrived 
for hanging. Fifteen were convicted and sentenced to state prison; three 
were found to be insane and were confined in the insane asyhim. One 
escaped from jail before his case came to trial. Twelve were acquitted. The 
larger part of those who were convicted were strongly under the influence 
of intoxicating liquors, and probably never would have committed the acts 
had they let rum alone. 


One of the most singular and dramatic of the fifteen manslaughter cases 
was that of Joseph E. Kelley of Somersworth, a young man of about twenty- 
four years of age, who murdered Joseph A. Stickney, cashier of the Great 
Falls National Bank, April 16, 1897. Kelley, according to his own con- 
fession, did not intend to murder Stickney, but only to rob the bank, but the 
latter put up a fight and Kelley killed him by a blow on his head and then 
completed his job of robbery. Following is a brief of his confession: 

He said he was out of money and had been planning the robbery for 
some time. On Thursday previous to the murder he went to the bank to 
carry out his plans, but was prevented by the presence of a lady. On Friday 
he wrapped an old overcoat in paper, with the intention of asking Stickney to 
have the parcel placed in the bank vault. When Kelley reached the bank 
he tried to open the screen door, and was met by the cashier, who was alone, 
and asked what he wanted. Kelley made no reply but forced open the door. 
Stickney shouted for the police. Kelley then hit him on the head with a 
jimmy, knocking him insensible; he then struck two more blows and cut 
Stickney's throat from ear to ear with a razor. Then he proceeded to 
ransack the safe, putting all the money he could get hold of into a pillow case, 
estimated at $4,125. He carried the spoils to an orchard and hid them, 
returning, unconcernedly, to his boarding house to partake of dinner. After 
dinner he paid his landlady $20, which he owed her, placed the pillowcase 
containing the money into a dress-suit case and drove to Milton. He threw 
the razor away in the orchard. He hitched his horse outside the village, and 
called at the house of Farmer Jones, about a quarter of a mile from the vil- 
lage proper. He asked Miss Jones if her father was at home, saying he 
wished to put up his team for a couple of days. After further chat with 


Miss Jones, he went to the store of John Mason and purchased a hght, spring 
overcoat and a shite-colored derby hat. He then drove to Chamberlain's 
Hvery stable and put up his horse, telling Mr. Chamberlain that he was going 
by train to Sanbornville, about ten miles away. He promised to return in 
three days. He took the Boston and Maine train without purchasing a ticket, 
getting on to the rear platform. The conductor did not discover him till 
Union was reached. At Sanbornville, he says, he got off and took the next 
train for Cookshire Junction, Que., coming into Montreal Junction on the 
Halifax express. "After I saw Stickney dead," he broke in here, "I felt 
sorry, but an hour after I did not even feel nervous about it." 

Near Cookshire he sorted over his money, placing the gold in a separate 
pocked from the paper. The silver he left in the dressing case. From the 
description given by Kelley, Mr. Carpenter concluded he had hidden the 
dress-suit case at Vaudreuil or St. Polycarpe Junction, and at once hurried 
Kelley aboard a train. Kelley was not sure of Vaudreuil, but quickly recog- 
nized St. Polycarpe. After walking along the Canadian Pacific tracks for a 
distance of about five hundred yards a bag containing $8io was found in a 
covered culvert, where Kelley had thrown it on Saturday. The dress-suit 
case was found in the middle of a plowed field, about one hundred and fifty 
yards from the railway tracks. Kelley stated that after leaving St. Polycarpe 
he had walked to St. Justine de New ton, through a pouring rain, and after 
having taken several drinks in a saloon, he proceeded to Berard's hotel, where 
he remained until the Canadian Pacific express came along, boarding it for 

The murder was not discovered until two or three hours after it was com- 
mitted, at noontime, but when the news got abroad. Sheriff James E. Hayes 
and his deputies, George W. Parker, J. S. McDaniel, Wm. H. Rich and Edwin 
B. Bartlett got on the track of Kelley and traced his travels to Canada, where 
they found him in Montreal, and on the 22d of April started with him for 
Dover. Kelley was willing to return, having confessed the whole story of 
the murder. On the way home Kelley puffed away at a cigar in the train, 
apparently quite unconcerned. On the way home he told Sheriff Hayes that 
he wore a disguise when he went to rob the bank. He had on a mustache and 
a goatee, and this was so effectual a disguise that Stickney did not know him. 
These, he said, would be found in his room. Stickney shouted when Kelley 
drew a revolver upon him, but Kelley was afraid to use it, and so hit the 
old man with a jimmy. 

The trial of the case began November 8, 1897, but it was taken from the 
jury November 11, as Kelley made a complete confession to the court of his 
guilt, and the presiding justice fixed the degree of murder in the second degree 
and sentenced him to thirty years in the state prison. He was then about 
twenty-four years old. He was a native of Amesbury, Mass., but had lived 


in Somersworth and vicinity t\\ o or three years, engaged as porter in hotels 
and other minor occupations. He was courteous in manner and pleasing in 
conversation and had made quite an extended acquaintance among the young 
men of the city. 


One of the most daredevil and sensational murder cases was that of John 
Williams, on Dover Landing, Jul}^ 4, 1900. The trial was quite brief, occu- 
pying only from 9:15 A. M. October 30 to 11 45 A. M. Nov. i, 1900. The 
prosecution was conducted by Attorney-General Edwin G. Eastman and 
County Solicitor Walter W. Scott. Williams had no counsel. The verdict 
was "guilty of manslaughter in the first degree." Williams was sentenced to 
confinement in the state prison at Concord at hard labor for the term of 
thirty years, and pay costs of prosecution. It is said that Williams is not his 
real name and that he is connected with some wealthy family in Massachusetts. 
Four attempts have been made to get him pardoned out on the ground he did 
not do the shooting; the last petition was in September, this year, 1913; but 
no pardon or commutation has been secured. 

A brief of the case is as follows: Williams and two other young men, 
all under thirty years of age, had been at work in a stone quarry in Maine, 
and came to Dover to have a "good time" and celebrate the "glorious Fourth." 
They had been drinking before they came here, and drank more beer while 
here, so at night they were in a very hilarious state of mind when they made 
their appearance on Dover Landing, the shipping section of the city. On one 
of the streets they saw Magie Donalson and Kittie Scanlon seated on the 
steps of a residence with John McNalley and Thomas Dobbins. The men 
stopped and commenced talking to the women. McNalley and Dobbins 
objected to what was said to the girls, when Williams pulled out a revolver 
and began shooting, indiscriminately, among the persons on the doorsteps 
around there. The result was John McNalley was shot dead, Thomas Dob- 
bins died of his wounds soon after, Joseph Gagnon received two pistol 
wounds, one in the chin, the other in the stomach, and Arthur Russell had 
the boiies of one leg shattered by a bullet. The shooting occurred about 10 130 
P. M. on the night of July 4. The persons shot were young men between 
thirty and forty years of age. 

City Marshal James Fogerty and his assistants made vigorous search for 
the three strange men and at length found two of them at a public house near 
the Granite State Park and the third one, John Williams, who did the shoot- 
ing, asleep under some bushes in the vicinity of the park. At the trial it was 
proven that Williams did the shooting, not aiming to hit anyone in particular, 
but at the crowd in general. 



In. order to give a clear understanding of where the first pemianent 
settlement of New Hampshire was made, it seems best to begin with a state- 
ment of the various grants of the territory of New Hampshire, to whom and 
when made, as this matter of grants has led to much confusion of ideas 
among the historians, by which they have been led into making erroneous 
statements; several important facts in regard to this question are now known 
which were not known by the early writers, some of the discoveries of 
important papers being of recent date. 

November 3, 1620, King James granted a patent or charter to forty 
persons who were incorporated as "The Council established at Plymouth, in 
the County of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing New 
England, in America ; from the 40th to the 48th degree of latitude, and from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean." Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John 
Mason were important and influential members of this powerful company. 
All New Hampshire patents and grants were obtained from this Council of 
Plymouth ; the grants were as follows : 

1. Mariana, to Capt. John Mason, March 9, 162 1-2, under which it is 
claimed that he had Ambrose Gibbons, as his agent, make a small settlement 
at Cape Ann in 1622 or '23, and they remained there until ousted by the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, and Mason lost all control there in 1630. 

2. The Province of Maine, to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John 
Mason, April 19, 1622. This comprised all the cost from the Merrimack river 
to the Kennebec river, and back into the country a rather indefinite but very 
great distance. So far as New Hampshire was concerned, nothing was ever 
done under this grant. 

3. A point of land in the Pascataway river, in New England, to 
David Thomson, Mr. Jobe and Mr. Sherwood, always since known as Thom- 
son's Point; this grant was made in 1622; the exact month and day of month 
are not known, but probably in July or August, as only a memorandum of 
the patent and the year it was given has been found. Mr. Thomson made a 
settlement there, as will be explained farther on. 



4. Odiorne's Point and Hilton's Point, comprising a tract of six 
thousand acres, bordering on the south side of the Pascataqua river and its 
branches. On this land the first settlement was made in the spring of 1623, 
as will be explained later. The grant was made October 16, 1622, by the 
Council of Plymouth, to David Thomson, alone. 

5. New Hampshire, to Capt. John Mason, November 7, 1629, which 
was bounded as follows : 

"All that part of tiie main land in New England, lying upon the sea 
coast, beginning at the middle part of the Merrimac river, and from thence 
proceed northward along the sea coast to the Pascataqua river, and so for- 
wards and up within the said river, and to the farthest head thereof (now- 
known as Milton Three Ponds), and from thence northwestwards, until three 
score miles be finished from the first entrance of Pascataqua river, and also 
from (mouth of the) Merrimack through the said river, and to the furthest 
head thereof; and so forwards up into the lands westward, until three score 
miles be finished; and from thence to cross overland to the three score miles, 
as accompted from Pascataqua river, together with all islands and islets 
within five leagues distance of the premises and abutting uixjn the same, or 
any part or parcel thereof, etc., etc." — Captain Mason never did anything 
with that grant. 

6. the laconi.\ grant, only ten days later, to Sir Ferdinando Gorges 
and Capt. John Mason, November 17, 1629. The boundaries of this grant 
extended from the mouth of the Merrimack river, along the coast to the 
Sagadahock (Kennebec) ri\er, and the side lines extended north and west to 
include Lake Champlain and territory to the St. Lawrence river. Under that 
patent lively work was begim by Captain Mason to make a settlement in New 
Hampshire; he had done nothing before in this respect. He sent over a party 
in 1630, in the famous ship Warwick, of which Capt. Walter Neal was gov- 
ernor, and they took possession of the Thomson house at Odiorne's Point, 
began the settlement at Strawberry Bank, which twenty-three years later was 
named Portsmouth ; and Captain Mason began settlement at the head of the 
Newichawannock river, in 1634, at a point since known as Great Works. 

About the same time, 1634, settlements began to be made on the east side 
of the river, directly across from Dover Point, in that part of Old Kittery, 
now Eliot. The settlement in w hat is now Kittery began several years later. 
This was not a part of the Laconia Company's scheme, but independent of it, 
after that company failed. 

The historians of New Hampshire, for more than two hundred years, in 
writing of this first settlement, have stated in substance, and the statement 
has been everywhere generally accepted, that Sir Ferdinando Gorges and 
Capt. John Mason ha\ing obtained from the Council of Plymouth, consti- 
tuted by the King of England, a grant of all the land between the rivers 


Merrimack and Sagadahock (Kennebec) extending back to the great lakes 
and river of Canada, fomied a company with several merchants of London 
and other cities, and styling themselves the "Company of Laconia" 
attempted the establishment of a colony and fishery at the mouth of the Pas- 
cataqua river. For this purpose in the spring of 1623 they sent out David 
Thomson, Edward Hilton and William Hilton, who had been fishermongers 
in London, with a number of other people, in two divisions, furnished with all 
the necessaries for carrying out the design. Thomson landed at the river's 
mouth at a place which he called' Little Harbor, where he built a house, after- 
wards known as "Mason Hall," erected salt works, and made other prepara- 
tions for carrying on his fishing business, but the Hiltons set up their fishing 
stages eight miles further up the river on a neck of land which the Lidians 
called Winnichahannet, but they named it Northam and afterwards Dover. 
The proper designation of that story is historical "rot." Mason and Gorges 
had nothing whatever to do with Thomson and Hilton, as I will prove later; 
they were here seven years before the Laconia Company sent over the first 
emigrants in the ship Warwick in 1630, and commenced the settlement at 
Strawberry Bank. 

The managers of the Laconia Company entertained most extravagant 
ideas of the geography and topography of the country between the mouth of 
the Pascataqua river and Lake Champlain and the St. Lawrence river. They 
thought it was only a short distance between the head waters of the Alerri- 
mack and the Pascataqua, from which it would be an easy job to step over 
into Canada and drive out the French. With the Pascataqua as a base of 
operations the company expected to acquire immense fortunes for the indi- 
vidual members, but it proved to be a great failure, after three years' trial, 
and was dissolved in 1634; Mason took the New Hjimpshire side of the river, 
and Gorges the Maine side, except that Mason retained the settlement at 
Great Works (now South Berwick), as he had invested quite largely tliere in 
mills and live stock, etc. 

Captain Mason died in 1635, and his widow left the settlers to shift for 
themseh'es, as she was not financially able to assist them further. They 
speedily made good by gobbling up all the property they could lay hands on. 
That was the end of the ]\Iasonian work of making settlements; but a half 
century later, the land owners here were forced to defend themselves against 
Masonian lawsuits, which were handed down from generation to generation 
for nearly a century. 

It is not easy to see wherein, or whereat, Capt. John Mason ever benefited 
New Hampshire. He was its founder only in the fact that he gave the name 
which it bears, from his home county in Old England, making it New 
Hampshire in New England. Captain Mason was a failure as a colonizer 


in New Hampshire ; the settlement was begun seven years before lie had any- 
thing to do with it. 

7. The Hilton Grant, commonly cahed the Squamscott patent, to 
Edward Hikon, March 12, 1629-30, which date is only four months after the 
Laconia patent was issued to Gorges and Mason, which entirely covered and 
surrounded what Hilton had come into possession of by David Thomson's 
grant of October, 1622, and which he had occupied peaceably and had 
improved during the seven years, from 1623 to 1630. The Council of 
Plymouth willingly granted his request for a patent to more securely protect 
him in the holding of the property which he had rightfully possessed for 
seven years. This grant will be spoken of and discussed further on. It 
covered all the territory of Old Dover. 

8. P.-\.scATA\\ AY, to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John Mason, 
November 3, 1631. The object of this patent was to define more definitely 
the territory between Gorges and Mason and the territory covered by Edward 
Plilton's patent, as a dispute had already arisen among the land owners as to 
the boundary line. In brief, the patent says: 

"All that portion of land lying within the precincts hereafter mentioned, 
beginning upon the seacoast about five miles to the westward to or from the 
said chief habitation or plantation now possessed by Capt. Walter Neal, at 
Strawberry Bank, for the use of the adventurers to Laconia (being in the 
latitude of 43 degrees, or thereabouts), in the Harbor of Pascata(|uack, alias 
Bassataquack, alias Passataway, and so forth, from the said beginning, east- 
ward and northeastward, and so proceeding northward or northwestward 
into the Harbor and River, along the coast and shores thereof, including all 
the islands and islets lying within, or near unto the same, upwards unto the 
headland opposite unto the plantation, or ha1)itation, now or late in the tenure 
or occupation of Edward Hilton, and from thence westwards and southwest- 
wards in the middle of the River, and through the middle of the Bay or Lake 
of Bequadack, alias Bassaquack, or by what other name or names it hath, 
towards the bottom or westernmost part of the river called Pascassockes to 
the falls thereof, and from thence by an imaginary line to pass o\'er to the 
Sea, where the proambulation began, etc., etc." That is to say, it included 
what is now known as Portsmouth, Rye, Hampton, Greenland and part of 

9. New Hampshire and Masonia, to Capt. John Mason, April 22, 1635. 
This patent was issued because the Council for New England, at its session, 
February 3, 1634-5, had decided to surrender its charter to the King, and its 
territory was divided by the Council into eight divisions, of which No. 6 was 
given to Captain Mason, and comprised the territory mentioned in his New 
Hampshire grant of November 7, 1629, and which finally came to be defined 
by the present boundary lines of the state, after a contention with Massa- 


chusetts for nearly two hundred years; the final decision of the line was made 
less than a score of years ago. 

It may be well here to state a fact that is not generally known, that what 
is now the State of New Hampshire was never so called by the people here ; 
nor was the name New Hampshire used in official and legal papers until 
1679, fifty years after it was given to the territory by Captain Mason, that 
is, November 7, 1629. During the period from 1640 to 1679 '^he towns here 
were a part of Norfolk county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the ter- 
ritory here was called Pascataqua ; that was the name it was known by every- 
where along the coast, from 1623 to 1640. It has been assumed by some 
historical writers, that "Pascataqua" was applicable only to the locality about 
Little Harbor and Strawberry Bank; but that is a mistaken idea of the ter- 
ritory covered by the word. In writing letters they were dated as from 
"Hilton's Point, Pascataqua:"' or. "Strawberry Bank, Pascatacpia:" or, "Pas- 
cataqua in New England," when letters were sent here from England. 

In a statement of Robert Mason's claim for land rent from the Dover 
and Portsmouth farmers, in 1674-5, reference is made to Capt. John Mason's 
various franchises, which have already been mentioned, and "afterwards 
enlarged," and "now called New Hampshire." The inference is plain, that 
it was not so called before 1675. 

The Mason heirs had been trying for years to sell land and collect rent 
from land holders, but the Massachusetts courts would not admit any such 
claims; so, as a last resort, in 1679, the separate province of New Hampshire 
was established, with new courts that Massachusetts could not control, in 
which the lawsuits were tried. But for those lawsuits our state today might 
rejoice in the euphonious name, Pascataqua, instead of New Hampshire. 

Having shown that Capt. John Mason had nothing whatever to do with 
the first settlement in New Hampshire, I will now show that David Thomson 
and Edward Hilton were the leaders in making the first settlements — the 
former at Thomson's Point and Little Harbor, and the latter at Hilton's Point, 
now commonly called Dover Point. Both came with their parties in the 
spring of 1623. Thomson remained two or three years, then removed to 
Thomson's island, in Boston harbor, where he died. Hilton remained penna- 
nently at Dover Point, and the settlement there has been continuous to the 
present day; therefore I claim that the first permanent settlement in New 
Hampshire was made at Hilton Point. I will give the evidence on which I 
base my belief. 

Who was David Thomson that he should receive grants of land from the 
Council of Plymouth ? What induced him to come here to settle ? Who was 
Edward Hilton that he should come here with David Thomson ? Surely they 
could not have been ordinary men. 



David Thomson was born about 1590; he was united in marriage with 
Amias Cole, of Plymouth, England, July 13, 1613; she was the daughter of 
William Cole, of that town, who was a shipbuilder. The wedding took place 
in St. Andrew's church, and is on record there. 

The names of his parents are not kno\An. It is said that he was of Scotch 
descent and that he was a son of Michael Thomson, but there is no evidence 
of this. He is nowhere mentioned as connected with any town in Scotland; 
the inference is that he was bom in Plymouth, where he married his wife 
and was in business a nuniber of years previous to coming to New England. 
At the time of his marriage, when he was about twenty-three years old, he was 
called "an apothecary's clerk." His place of residence from 1613 to 1623, 
was at Plymouth. How long he continued in the apothecary business is not 
known. As his father-in-law was a shipbuilder, he may have engaged in busi- 
ness with him; but up to 1620 there is no record further than above stated, 
as to what he was employed in doing. But it is quite certain he was a busy 
man and became associated witii men who were high uj) in ollicial circles, 
whose records are well known. 

That he was interested in shipping, and had made voyages to New Eng- 
land and the Pascatacpia river before 1623, is shown by his knowledge of the 
localities here and in Boston harbor and in Massachusetts bay. The proof 
that he came here in the ship Jonathan, in the spring of 1623, will be given at 
the close of this sketch. He and his party landed at Little Harbor. The 
precise rock on which they set foot, when they landed, cannot be pointed out, 
as the Plymouth Rock is, on which the Pilgrims stepped only two and a half 
years before, but, from the lay of the land, called Odiorne's Point, on which 
it is probable the first house was built, it is quite certain the landing was 
made in some cove on the south side of Little Harbor, and below the bridge 
that leads from Rye to the W'entworth holel. at Newcastle, as it was not 
possible to anchor their ship safely any further out toward the open bay. 

\\'hat interest did Mr. Thomson have in this New England colonization 
business, that was" undertaken by "The Council established at Plymouth, in 
the County of Devon (England), for the planting, ruling, ordering and gov- 
erning New England in America, etc., etc."? The Council was chartered 
November 3, 1620; it organized soon after, and David Thomson was elected 
or appointed "Messenger." or confidential "Agent." This is shown by the 
records of the Council, when a hot contest was going on in Parliament, to 
take away the charter, on the ground that the King had exceeded his author- 
ity in granting it. The following are excerpts from the record : 

On the 5th of July, 1622: "It is ordered that David Thomson do attend 
the Lords with a petition to his Majesty for forfeits committed bv Thomas 


Weston; As also to solicit the Lords for procuring from his Majesty a 
proclamation concerning fishermen in the western parts. Likewise to pro- 
cure some course for punishing their (the fishermen's) contempt for author- 
ity (of the Council)." 

On the 24th of July, 1622: "Mr. Thomson is appointed to attend the 
Lords, for a warrant to Mr. Attorney-General for drawing the new 

On the 8th of November, 1622: "Mr. Thomson is ordered to pay unto 
Leo Peddock £10, towards his pains for his last employment to New 

On the nth of November, 1622: "Mr. Thomson is appointed to attend 
Sir Robert Munsell concerning Captain Squebbs' commission." 

On the 15th of November, 1622: "Mr. Thomson and the Clerk are 
directed to see the ton of iron weighed to be sent to Mr. Whitty ;" and the 
same day, "Mr. Thomson is appointed to solicit Captain Love to pay in the 
£40 for which Sir Samuel Argall standeth engaged," etc. 

On ihe i6th of November: "It is ordered that Mr. Thomson pro- 
poundeth to have an order from the Council for transportation of ten per- 
sons with provisions for New England. And the persons so transported to 
pay the Council the usual rate for their transportation, after expiration of 
two years." 

David Thomson's name ceases to appear on the records, as an active 
agent of the Council, after December 3, 1622. He was then preparing his 
emigration party for New England ; the agreement with the three merchants, 
his partners, was drawn up Decentber 14, 1622, and signed that day; which 
agreement will be given later in this article. 

From these briefs from records of the Council, it is manifest that David 
Thomson was an active agent of the Council in the contest with Parliament 
to save their charter. While he was thus active, he secured for himself, a 
Mr. Jobe, and a Mr. Sherwood, a patent or grant of a point of land in the 
Pascataqua river, in New England. The patent itself has not been found, but 
a memorandum of such a grant is on record in the public record office in 
London, and was copied by Mr. Charles Deane, of Boston, when he was in 
London, and published by him in the Massachusetts Historical Register, in 
1876, as follows: "1622. A patent to David Thomson, M. Jobe and 
M. Sherwood, for a Point (of land) in Pascataqua River, in New England." 

In the earliest times of history here, the name Pascataqua was applied 
to the river on the east side of Dover Point, and in that river there is a point 
of land, just below the mouth of the Cochecho river, which is called Thom- 
son's Point, and has been so called from the the earliest beginning of records 
here. That is undoubtedly the point of land which was granted to those three 
men, and there the first temporary settlement was made in Dover by Thomson 


before 1622. His object vas to use it for catching and curing salmon in the 
spring time, w hen that fish ran up the river there in immense schools. When 
he first made this' discovery that it was a good fishing point cannot be deter- 
mined; it may have been before 1620. 

The jjatent was obtained some time during the summer of 1622. It 
shows that Air. Thomson must ha\'e been there in some spring time before, 
else he could not have known there was such a river, and such a point of 
land in it, which was desirable for fishing. 

It has been supposed by some writers, that the name of the Point was 
derived from William Thompson ; but that is an error, as the land bore that 
name before William Thompson became a resident of Dover, and probably 
before he was l^orn. "Tliomson's Puint house" is on the oldest extant tax list 
in Dover, 1648; name of the owner not given. 

D.wiD Thomson's indenture 

On the i6th of October, 1622, the Council of Plymouth gave a patent, 
or grant, to David Thomson, alone, of six thousand acres of land and an 
island, in New England. The patent for this grant is not extant, but that 
there was such a patent is proven by an indenture of David Thomson's, 
which was found among the old papers in possession of the late Hon. Robert 
C. Winthrop, of Boston, which he had inherited from his ancestor, John 
Winthrop, the first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony. 

It had lain among the Winthrop papers two hundred and fifty years, 
unknown to the historians of New Planipshire, who, in their ignorance, have 
published a mass of historical "rot" about the first settlement of this state. 

Soon after Mr. Winthrop found the indenture, he gave it to the late 
Charles Deane, of Boston, who read it before the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, at a meeting in May or June, 1876; and it was published in the 
annual of the society for that year. 

In presenting it to the meeting, Mr. Deane first gave a summary of its 
contents, as follows, which is all that is necessary to give in this paper : 

The indenture recites that the Council for New England had granted 
to David Thomson, alone, under date of i6th of October, 1622 : 

Six thousand acres of land and one island, in New England, but did not 
locate it; that Thomson had absolutely conveyed one- fourth part of the island 
to three merchants of Plymouth, \iz. : Abraham Colnier. Nicholas Sherwell 
and Leonard Pomeroy, with covenants to convey, in fee simple, the fourth 
part of six thousand acres. In consideration whereof it is agreed between 
the parties, in brief, as follows : 

First. That the merchants, Colmer, Sherwell and Ponierov, will at their 
own charge, "this present year, 1622," provide and send two men with 


Thomson, in the ship Jonathan of Plymouth, to New England, with vic- 
tuals, provisions, etc., as shall suffice them till they are landed. And if they 
land there within the space of three months after the ship shall pass Ram 
Head (a promontory just outside of Plymouth sound), the residue of the 
three months' victuals shall be delivered to Thomson, at his landing, there to 
be disposed of by him towards finding a fit place for intended habitation, and 
also to begin the same. 

Second. The three merchants will, this present year (1622), at their own 
charge, provide and send three men more in the ship Providence of Ply- 
mouth, which ship was owned by Pomeroy, if they mav he as soon gotten, 
or in some other ship with the first expedition that may be to New England; 
the charges of these three men to be born equally by all the parties. 

Third. Two men more are to be sent this present year (1622), in the 
Jonathan of Plymouth, the charges of them to be borne by all the parties 

Fourth. As soon as Thomson and the seven men are landed in New 
England, Thomson shall, as soon as convenient, find out a fit place to make 
choice of six thousand acres of land, and a fit place to settle and erect some 
houses, or buildings for habitations, and to begin the erection of the same. 
Adjoining these buildings there shall be allotted before the end of five years, 
six hundred acres of land, which, with all the buildings and everything 
appertaining to them, shall, at the end of five years, be di\ided equally between 
all parties; and all the charges for building, planting, husbanding, etc., dur- 
ing that time shall be equally borne by all. The residue of the six thousand 
acres to be also divided in a convenient time, between the parties in four parts, 
whereof Thomson was to have three-fourths, and the others one-fourth. 

Fifth. At the end of five Vears the island shall be divided into four parts, 
where Thomson was to have three-fourths, and the others one-fourth. 

Sixth. Three-fourths of the charge for planting, husbanding and build- 
ing on the said island, shall be borne by Thomson, and one-fourth by his 

Seventh. All profits during the five years that may be derived from the 
six thousand acres, and by fishing and trading, etc., shall be divided equally; 
the merchants, however, were to have liberty to employ ships to fish at their 
own charge, if Thomson does not care to participate in the profits of such 
extra ships. 

Eighth. All benefits and profits arising during the five years, on the resi- 
due of the six thousand acres, and on the island, shall be divided among the 
four men, Thomson to have three parts, and the others one part. Each of 
them shall, on request, deliver a just account of their receipts and pajnnents 
during the five years. 

The above is a summary of the indenture, which was signed on Decern- 


ber 14, 1622, by Thomson, Colmer, Sherwell and Ponieroy, and under which 
the first settlement of New Hampshire was made. As they then reckoned 
time, the year 1622 did not end until March 24; so they had ample time to 
load the ship Jonathan of Plymouth, and get over here before the end of 
the year 1622, which was the agreement they would do, and probably did 
do; anyway, they arrived in the early spring of 1623, as we now reckon 
the year, as beginning in January. 

As regards the location of the six thousand acres : According to the 
indenture, Mr. Thomson was authorized to make his own selection, any- 
where he pleased in New England. The location of the island was not men- 
tioned; but a lawsuit, a quarter of a century later, made it certain it was an 
island in Boston harbor, ever since called Thomson island. 

According to the terms of the grant, he was not obliged to locate his six 
thousand acres all in one compact body. It is quite evident he did not take 
it all in a lump. Portsmouth, as now bounded, has 9,000 acres; so it appears 
his grant was two-thirds the size of that city. It was all that he and his 
partners needed for carrying on their fishing and Indian fur trade business. 
Please keep in mind, also, that Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Capt. John Mason, 
and the Earl of Warwick, had nothing whatever to do with this grant of 
land; Mr. Thomson's partners were the three reputable merchants of Ply- 
mouth, whose names have already been given. 

Those four men ha\'ing signed the indenture on December 14, 1622, 
proceeded at once to prepare to set sail in the Jonathan of Plymouth. The 
company started on the voyage across the Atlantic on some day that winter 
— the exact date is not known; neither is the day of their landing at Little 
Harbor, but it was in the spring of 1622-3: no doubt about that. 

If Mr. Thomson had been as gifted in the use of the pen as he evidently 
was in managing business, he might have left us as interesting a story as 
Governor Bradford wrote for Plymouth; unfortunately he left no record of 
w hat was done, or when important events took place. He w as a young man 
of twenty-eight or thirty years of age then. If he left no records, how then 
do we know that he really came in 1622? We know by the written records 
of other men. Look at the evidence : 

William Hubbard, the historian of New England, who wrote at a period 
about as distant from March, 1623, as we are now from the date of the 
firing of the first gun on Fort Sumter, which opened the Civil war, says 
that Thomson and his company landed at Little Harbor in 1623. There can 
be no doubt he knew whereof he wrote. 

Capt. Christopher Leavitt, a famous sea captain, traveler, discoverer, 
colonizer and historian, left an interesting account, which has been published, 
of a voyage he made to the New England coast in the summer and fall of 
1623; he visited the Isles of Shoals, which he describes very accurately, and 


in November of that year visited Mr. Thomson and his company at Little 
Harbor. He calls it "Pannaway," but he is the only writer who has ever so 
called it ; why he used the name has never been explained ; Captain Leavitt 
says : 

"The next place I came to was Pannaway, where one Mr. Thomson hath 
made a plantation. There I staid about a month, in which time I sent for my 
men in the East (at Agamenticus and York), who came over in divers ships. 
At this place I met with the Go\'ernor (of New England, Robert Gorges), 
who came thither (from Plymouth) in a bark which he had (confiscated) 
from Mr. Weston about twenty days before I arrived at the land. (Weston 
had disregarded the orders of the Council of Plymouth.)" 

"The Governor then told me that I was joined with him in commission as 
Counsellor, which being read I found it was so; and he then in the presence 
of three more of the Council, administered unto me an oath." 

" In the time I staid with Mr. Thomson, I surveyed as much as possible 
I could, the weather being unseasonable and very much snow on the ground. 

"In those parts I saw much good timber; but the ground seemed to me 
not to be good, being very rocky and full of trees and bush wood. 

"There was a great store of fowl of divers sorts, whereof I fed very 
plentifully. About two miles further to the East (Fort Constitution), I 
found a great river and a good harbor, called Pascataway. But for the 
ground I can say nothing, but by the relation of the Sagamore or King of that 
place, who told me there was much good ground along the river, about seven 
or eight leagues above (Dover point)." 

Governor Bradford in his "History of PI>aiiouth," under date of 1623, 
says : "There were also this year some scattering beginnings made in otlier 
places, as at Pascataway, by David Thomson, at Monhegan, and some other 
places, by sundry others." 

Thomas Weston, the London merchant who had planned to finance the 
expense of sending over the Mayflower and its emigrants, but who backed 
out of the agreement just as the Pilgrims were on the point of sailing for 
New England, and left them in great financial straits, was again heard 
from in the summer of 1622. 

He sent over emigrants in two ships, the Charity and the Swan, who 
first landed at Plymouth. There were sixty of these colonists, most of them 
hard characters. After remaining at Plymouth a short time, they commenced 
a settlement at Weyinouth, eighteen miles north of Plymouth, Weston himself 
coming over in the spring of 1623, with the Maine coast fishing fleet. He 
left the fleet in the neighborhood of Monhegan, taking two men and a small 
trading stock in a shallop, and sailed along the coast for Weymouth, Mass. 

They sailed along all right until off Rye or Hampton beach, where a storm 
capsized the boat, and they barely escaped to the shore alive. 


Wlien Weston and the two men gathered themselves up on dry land, 
with what of their boatload had washed ashore, they were attacked by 
Indians, who were short of guns and clothing; they took the guns and all 
the clothes the three men had on, and left them. Weston and the men, in 
their naked condition, tramped back along the shore to where they had called 
on David Thomson, a short time before, in sailing along the coast. 

Fortunately for Weston, it was warm summer weather; so they did not 
suffer, except for sore feet. Governor Bradford says in his history: "He 
(Weston) got to P'ascataquack and borrowed a suit of clothes, and got 
means somehow to come to ri}mouth."' 

It is not recorded what became of the other two poor men; probably 
they stayed with Mr. Thomson, and worked for their board and clothes, help- 
ing hiin finish his new house on Odiorne's Point. 

Perhaps the following may explain how AVeston sailed from Pascata- 
quack to Plymouth; it may have been that Capt. Myles Standish took him 
along : 

Winslow's book, "Good News of New England,' published in 1624, in 
describing events of the summer of 1623, says: "At the same time. Captain 
Standish, being formerly employed by the Governor to buy provisions for the 
refurnishing of the colony (at Plymouth), returned with the same, accom- 
panied with Mr. David Thomson, a Scotchman, who also that spring began a 
plantation twenty-five leagues northeast from us, near Smith's Isles, at a 
place called Pascataquack, where he liketh well." 

Phineas Pratt, whose manuscript narrative was not published until 1858, 
says he visited David Thomson, at Pascataway, in the year 1623. 

What greater proof would be asked, that David Thomson began his 
settlement at Little Harbor in the spring of 1623 than has been given by 
the witnesses above quoted? 

The year and the season is beyond question. It was in the ' spring of 
1622, O. S. ; or, 1623, New Style, as we now reckon years. 


The historian, Hubbard, says Mr. Thomson abandoned Little Harbor 
the next year, 1624, "Out of dislike to the place or his employers." 

On the other hand, Bradford's "History of Plyinouth" says he was resid- 
ing at "Pasketeway" in 1626; as in the spring or summer of that year, he 
joined with the Governor of Plymouth and Mr. Winslow in purchasing 
goods at Monhegan, where tlie owners broke up their establishment and sold 
out to the highest I)idder. 

When Thomson and the Plymouth party arrived there, and the Mon- 
hegan fellows saw there were competing bidders for their stock in trade, 


they put up the price; then Winslow and Thomson stopped bidding and 
withdrew for consultation; the result was they agreed to purchase the whole 
lot, jointly; which they did, and then divided the goods according as each 
had means to pay. Among the lot were some fine animals — goats and hogs ; 
some of these Mr. Thomson took, as a part of his share, and carried them 
to his island, in what is now Boston Harbor, where he established a flourish- 
ing business in raising swine and goats for trade with the settlers along 
the coast. 

As regards Pascataqua and Little Harbor, I have not been able to find 
any reference that would show that Mr. Thomson resided there after the 
summer of 1626. The inference is that he had shut up his house and was con- 
fining his work to his flourishing estaljlishment on Thomson's Island. There 
is no record, or hint of a record, that any one resided at Odiorne's Point after 
Thomson left there, in 1626, until Capt. Walter Neal took possession of the 
house, by order of Capt. John Mason, in June, 1630, on the arrixal of 
the bark Warwick, with the company that Captain Mason sent over, and who 
began the settlement at Strawberry Bank, which in 1653 became Ports- 
mouth. Not a name of a single human being, except Thomson, has been 
found who was a pennanent resident of Odiorne's Point, or Strawberry 
Bank, previous to 1630. Thomson left there in 1626; and his fishermen 
and other "hired men" engaged in more profitable employment somewhere 
else. It seems ex'ident that Thomson, Cojr.t-r, Sherwell and rumcrov did 
not find it a paying investment at Little Harbor, so gave it up, and shut up 
the house. 

WH.\T ABOUT Thomson's isl.\nd? 

How dp we know that the island mentioned in the Indenture is Thomson's 
Island in Boston Harbor? 

The Indenture simply says, 6,000 acres and an island. Well, that nfight 
mean Newcastle Island, just across Little Harlior irom Odiorne's Point. 
Why didn't he select that, instead of the fertile land in Massachusetts Bay? 
The reason is obvious to any one who has seen both islands; the one must 
have seemed to Mr. Thomson's eyes to be nothing but ledges and rocks, with 
here and there thin patches of earth ; the other was almost free from rocks, 
and presented an inviting appearance — just the place to raise hogs and goats. 

How do we know that Da\id Thomson li\-ed on Thomson's Island ? We 
have the evidence of men who ^vere his contemporaries, and knew liini well. 

David and Amias (Cole) Thomson had a son, John Thomson, who was 
born, probably, in 1625 or 1626, at Odiorne's Point; hence was the first 
white child born in New Hampshire. David Thomson died in 1628, leaving 
a widow and an infant son. Later the widow married Samuel I\Iaverick, 


who was the owner of and first resident on what is now East Boston. In 
1630 the Massachusetts Bay Colony commenced its settlement at Boston. 
Time went on, and other settlements of towns around there were begun, 
receiving their grants of land from the colony officials. 

In 1635, not knowing David Thomson ever had a grant of the island, the 
officials of the Bay Colony granted it to the town of Dorchester, which town 
held it a dozen years, unquestioned; then, in 1647 or 1648, John Thomson, 
son of David, who had just become of age, entered his claim for ownership 
of the island, as sole heir of his father, David Thomson, who had died in 
1628, on that island; and he petitioned to have it taken from the town of 
Dorchester, and have it restored to him, the rightful owner. 

Shurtleff's "History of Boston" gives full particulars of the lawsuit that 
followed, ending in restoring it to John Thomson. In court, in 1648, he said 
his father began to occupy the island "in or about the year 1626." 

In course of the trial, there were among the witnesses, Capt. Myles 
Standish and ^^'illiam Trevore, a sailor who came over in the Mayflower, 
in 1620, and visited Boston Harbor in i6ji ; and while there took possession 
of this island, under the name of the Island of Trevore, for Mr. David 
Thomson, then of London; he also testified that Mr. Thomson obtained a 
grant of the island from the Council of Plymouth some years before the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony had its grant. 

Captain Standish testified that he knew Mr. Thomson, as a resident of 
the island. Mr. William Blaxton, who was a resident on the peninsula of 
Boston some years before the Massachusetts Bay Company settled there in 
1630, testified that he knew Mr. Thomson well, as a resident of Thomson's 
Island where he was prosperously engaged in raising hogs and goats for trade 
with the colonists. 

There was much other testimony which convinced the authorities and 
the court that John Thomson's claim was just and legal ; and accordingly 
the island was restored to him much to the grief and vexation of the town of 

The court decision, therefore, settles beyond question that David Thom- 
son was a permanent resident of Thomson's Island from 1626 until his 
death in 1628. It appears from the testimony of Trevore, that he was the 
person who informed Mr. Thomson about that island, and that Thomson the 
very next year obtained a patent for it, October 16, 1622. 


In all the histories the story is repeated that David Thomson built a 
house on what is now called Odiorne's Point ; that it was a spacious and 
elegant house, built in the style of the great mansions in England, in which 


the lords of great manors then resided, and in which their descendants reside 
to this day. How beautiful and grand it seems as you picture it in your 
mind's eye ! The historians not only say it was a grand mansion, but also 
that he called it Mason Hall. 

Well, what about it? There never was any "Mason Hall." In the first 
place, if Mr. Thomson had built such a fine house, there was not the slightest 
reason why he should name it for Capt. John Mason, who never invested a 
penny in sending over emigrants, and had no Interest whatever in Thomson's 
grant of land. Moreover, Mr. Thomson had no time, material or work- 
men, such as would be absolutely needed for the construction of such an 
edifice. For example, it is stated as a fact that it took an expert carpenter 
a year to do the carving and finishing of the council chamber in the Governor 
Wentworth house, at Little Harbor, which was not built till more than a 
century after David Thomson built the first house at Odioriip's Point, just 
across the Little Harbor from the Governor's house. 

Consider the situation of things when Mr. Thomson anchored his good 
ship, Jonathan of Plymouth, in the southwest cove of Little Harbor, in the 
spring of 1623. The beautiful plateau of Odiorne's Point was covered 
with a heavy growth of pines, and all the land around was a forest untouched 
with axe since the forest primeval first sprouted, as the glaciers of the ice 
age receded and exposed the earth to sunshine. 

Evidently the first work the men did was to clear the land of the forest; 
they had axes and strong muscles, but no sawmill to cut up lumber, of 
which there was more than enough. 

Mr. Thomson had his men con\'ert those huge trees into a large log 
house in the quickest time possible ; it was capacious and substantial, but 
there could not have been very ornamental work. The chimney was built 
of stone, at the north end of the house, and the mortar was tough clay, 
from a clay bank near by. The foundation stones of that chimney can be 
seen today, and were seen by the Pascatacpia Pioneers when they visited the 
spot, August 31, 1909. No doubt they had the house completed before 
Captain Leavitt and Gov. Robert Mason and the councillors paid Mr. Thom- 
son a visit, in November, 1623, when he entertained them a month, as Cap- 
tain Leavitt says. 

It is fortunate that we have a description of one of these plantation 
houses, which was built near Cape Elizabeth, by John Winter, ten years 
later, who was the agent of Robert Trelawney, mayor of Plymouth and the 
proprietor of the plantation there. Mr. \\^inter gave Mr. Trelawney the 
following description of the house; my opinion is that Mr. Thomson's house 
was of the same style. Mr. Winter says : 

"Now for our buildings and planting, I have built a house here at 
Richmond Island that is forty feet in length, and eighteen foot broad, 


within the sides, besides the chimney; and the chimney is large, with an 
oven in each end of him. And he is so that we can place a kettle within the 
mantel piece. \\'e can Ijrew and hake and liuil our kettle within him, all at 
once within him, with the help of another house that I have built under the 
side of our house, where we set our sieves and mill and mortar in, to break 
our corn and malt, and to dress our meal in. 

"I have two chambers in him, and all our men lies in one of them. 
Every man hath his close boarded cabin (bunks like a ship, one above 
another), and I have room enough to make a dozen close boarded cabins 
more, if I have need of them; and in the other chamber I ha\"e room to 
put the ship sails into, and allow dry goods which is in casks; and I have 
a store house in him that will hold i8 or 20 tuns of casks underneath. 
Also underneath I have a kitchen for our men to set and drink in, and a 
steward's room that will hold two tuns of casks, which we put our bread 
and beer into. And every one of these rooms is closed with locks and keys 
unto them." 

Enough seems to ha\-e been said of Odiorne's Point, Mason Hall, and 
the career of that grand pioneer, David Thomson ,of whom Thomas Morton, 
the historian and personal friend, says he was "a Scotch gentleman, who 
was conversant with those people (the Indians) ; a scholar and a traveller 
that was diligent in taking notice of these things, and a man of good judg- 
ment." It should be borne in mind that Mr. Thomson was a young man 
about thirty-eight years old when he died. 


Having shown when and how the settlement at Odiorne's Point was 
begun, and how long the settlers remained there, I will now consider the 
question of how and when the settlement was begun at Hilton's or Dover 
Point : 

The settlement was begun in the spring of 1623, by Edward Hilton and 
his party, and the occupation has been continuous to the present day; some 
of the descendants of the very first party being now residents on Dover 
Neck, about a mile above the Point; so that is the locality where the first 
permanent setileiiieiit was begun in New Hampshire. 

Who was Edward Hilton? He was a native of London, England; born 
of good parents, with a worthy ancestry ; he was well educated ; he was ad- 
mitted to membership in the Fishmongers Guild, in London, in 1621, when 
he was about twenty-five years old. That society was very exclusive in 
selecting its membership ; none but owners of fishing vessels and wealthy 
bosses in the fishing business were admitted. Mr. Hilton's admission to the 
Guild is evidence that he was a young man of high standing in that city. 


What his relations were with David Tliomson are not recorded, but he came 
to Pascataqua in tiie shii? — Providence of Plymouth, which was sent over 
by the three merchants, partners of Thomson — Abraham Colmer, Nicholas 
Sherwell and Leonard Pomeroy — a few weeks after the Jonathan of Plym- 
outh sailed with David Thomson's company. Mr. Pomeroy was owner of 
the Providence, and probably came over in the ship on that voyage. 

\\'hen they arrived at the mouth of the Pascataqua, they must have had 
previous knowledge that Thomson had landed there, or intended to do so, 
otherwise they would not have known where to make harbor. Of course 
they called on him, and then came up the river to that beautiful point of 
land on which they staked out the settlement, and built their first house, 
which it is reasonable to suppose was of logs, of which they had a good 
supply all around here. Perhaps Mr. Thomson may have got his house 
built first ; we don't know — but we do know they were both built in the 
year 1623; and there Edward Hilton had his abode for ten years, when 
he sold out to Capt. Thomas Wiggin's company, which came over and began 
the settlement on Dover Neck, in 1633. 

Where is Plilton's Point? The distance from the Odionie's Point land- 
ing place, in Little Harbor, coming up the west side of Newcastle, to Hilton's 
(Dover) Point, is six or seven miles. The "Point" lies between the Pas- 
catacjua and Back river on the south and west. Fore riser (otherwise Ne- 
wichawannock) on the east. In coming up the Pascataqua. it looks as though 
it was straight down on the east side of Dover Neck; David Thomson and 
the first voyagers so regarded and so called it, hence Thomson's grant of 
"a jxiint of land in the Pascataqua river" was on the supposition that the 
water Dover settlers have always called "Fore river," was a continuation 
of the Pascataqua. 

The Point is about a half mile long and a quarter of a mile wide, and is 
nearly level, and in its highest place perhaps fifty feet above high water 
mark. The soil is excellent. The situation is one of the most beautiful in 
the state. 

There is where Edward Hilton and his party settled. He was a shrewd 
business man, as well as a gentleman; he was not an ordinary fisherman. He 
saw and appreciated the advantages of that locality for the purposes for 
which he came over here; that is for fishing, planting and trading with the 

At various seasons of the year the waters there, on all sides, were 
abounding in excellent fish ; it was but a short distance to the Isles of 
Shoals, then a most excellent locality for deep sea fishing; the soil all 
about his houses was excellent for raising Indian corn, which the Indians 
soon taught him how to cultivate ; also for beans and other garden products. 
Two or three miles above there, he could get all the oysters they could 


possibly use; and the clams in Back river were so abundant that they fed 
their hogs on them. Lobsters, wild ducks, and wild fowl of all kind were 
abundant in Little Bay and Great Bay, so that they never lacked for food. 
As Elder Brewster said of the Plymouth colonists that year, "They were 
permitted to suck the abundance of the seas and of the treasures hid in the 

By the way, the Indians never, at any time, troubled the settlers on 
Dover Point or Dover Neck; not even during the fiercest Indian wars. 
Hilton's Point was a most excellent place for meeting and trading with the 
Indians, for the beaver skins and other Indian products of the forests ; and 
Hilton and his men must have found that branch of their business as profitable 
as fishing; perhaps more so. That very year, 1623, while Capt. ]\lyles 
Standish and his soldiers were fighting the Indians, hand to hand at \\'ey- 
mouth, all was peace on the Pascataqua, and it continued so all through the 
troubles at Plymouth. 

Mr. Hilton resided there ten years; then, having sold out his interests 
to Captain Wiggin's company, which came over in 1633, soon after removed 
to what is now Newfields, then in the town of Exeter, where he resided 
until his death in 1671. His remains and those of eight generations of his 
descendants are interred in the ancient burial ground, not far from the 
Boston and Maine railroad station at Rockingham Junction. 

When Wheelwright and his party came to Exeter in 1638, they settled 
at the Falls, and they found Hilton three or four miles below, where he 
possessed a large tract of land; and as the years went by, he built a spacious 
residence after the old English style. He was not a Puritan ; probably that 
was one reason why he left Plilton's Point when the Puritan settlers came 
there with Captain Wiggin. Mr. Hilton was attached in a quiet way to the 
English Church, as is manifest in a petition to the King which he signed 
July 18, 1665, praying that he might be permitted to "enjoy the Sacra- 
ments of the English Church," which he had long been deprived of. 

When Exeter became settled, Mr. Hilton was one of the leading men 
until his death. He was elected one of the Selectmen in 1645, and in many 
years after that. In the early history of Exeter his name appears fre- 
quently, and he was repeatedly chosen by the inhabitants on important com- 
mittees to look after their interests. 

May 3, 1642, he was appointed by the authorities in Boston a magis- 
trate, to hold courts at Dover, for that town and for Exeter; those towns 
having come under Massachusetts rule in October, 1641. Judge Hilton held 
the office for several years. Such was the man who established the first 
permanent settlement in New Hampshire. 



William Hilton, brother of Edward, was one of the party that settled 
at Hilton's Point in 1623. What of him? He was five years older than 
Edward; he was admitted to membership in the Fishmongers' Guild, in Lon- 
don, in 1616, and was an active member until he came to Plymouth, New 
England, arriving November 11, 1621, in the ship Fortune. He returned 
in the autumn of 1622, and came over with his brother Edward to Pascata- 
qua, in 1623. His wife and two children came over to Plymouth in the 
ship Ann, in the summer of 1623, and in August of that year came from 
Pl)Tnouth to Hilton's Point, and resided there as long as his brother did, 
engaged in business with him. He was deputy to the Massachusetts General 
Court in 1644, and probably in other years. 

After Exeter was settled he had grants of land there. He also had 
grants of land in Dover. He had a cornfield, in what is now Eliot, directly 
across the river from Dover Point. Probably it was an old Indian cornfield, 
which the Indians had used during an unknown period before the Hiltons 
settled on the Point. Later he built a house and resided there, until he 
was driven off by Capt. Walter Neal, governor of Capt. John Mason's 
settlement at Strawberry Bank, who claimed that the land belonged to 
Mason, under the Laconia grant. 

Captain Neal very summarily destroyed Hilton's house, and granted the 
land to Capt. Thomas Cammock, June 2, 1633 ; he designates the grant 
as, "Where William Hilton lately planted come." 

Hilton brought a suit against Mrs. Mason to recover it; and it was not 
till twenty years later that the case decided, after Maine came under 
Massachusetts rule. It was on October 25, 1653, that judgment was given, 
in his favor, against Mrs. Ann Mason, executrix of Capt. John Mason, and 
she had to pay him £160, instead of restoring the land which had been 
occupied by some one during the twenty years. It was his land and his 
house that Captain Neal dispossessed him of; the court so decided, and that, 
of course, by right of the David Thomson, 6,ocK) acres patent. No doubt he 
began planting corn there soon after the settlement was begun on Hilton's 
Point, as it was an old Indian cornfield, all ready to be worked. 

He was assistant justice at Dover in 1642. Later he removed to 
Kittery Point, where, October 27, 1648, he was licensed to keep a public 
house at Warehouse Point, near Phyllis' Notch. He had ferry boats which 
ran to various points on the Great Island and Strawberry Bank side of the 

In 1650, Mr. Hilton removed to York, where he was one of the signers 
that made that town come under the rule of Massachusetts, November 22, 
1652, and took the oath of freeman; there were fifty signers. He was one 


of the Selectmen of York in 1652, 1653, 1654. He owned the ferry across 
York river. He died there in 1655 or 1656, as letters of administration are 
dated June 30, 1656, to his son-in-law, Richard White. 


Another man who came over with Edward Hilton in 1623 was Thomas 
Roberts, who has lineal descendants, in the name, residing on Dover Neck 
today on the very land that he owned 275 years ago. He was made presi- 
dent of the court in March or April, 1640, hence Governor of the Colony 
at Dover, succeeding Capt. John Underhill, which office he held until Dover 
and all the New Hampshire settlements were united with Massachusetts 
in October, 1641. The correct locality of his first residence on Dover Point 
is not known, but it is probable it was very near that of Edward Hilton, 
the site of which is where the present Hilton Hall stands — at the extremity of 
the Point. 

After Capt. Thomas Wiggin's company came here in 1633, having bought 
Edward Hilton's land, Mr. Roberts moved further up, on the Neck, and 
located himself on the bank of the Fore river, where the spot on which he built 
his house is still identified and pointed out by his descendants, who reside 
on the land, which has been preserved in the Roberts' family, in uninterrupted 
succession for 275 years. 

In his old age he favoretl the Quakers, and reprimanded his sons, Thomas, 
and John Roberts, who were constables when the Quaker women w-ere 
whipped by order of the court. 

He died September 27, 1673, about two years after Edward Hilton died. 
They were about the same age. His grave, not marked, is in the northeast 
corner of the old burial ground on Dover Neck. 


Leonard Pomeroy, one of the three merchants who signed the Thomson 
Indenture, and who was a partner in the 6,000-acre venture, owned the ship 
Pro\'idence, in which Edward Hilton came over ; Mr. Pomeroy probably 
came with him, to inspect the investment he had entered into with David 
Thomson. Abraham Colmer and Nicholas Sherwell. !Mr. Pomeroy was 
not a permanent resident at Hilton's Point, as were the Hiltons and Mr. 
Roberts, but he was there on various occasions between 1623 and 1628, so 
many times that his name was given to the cove that is between Dover Point 
and Dover Neck, on the east side. That cove has, from the very first, been 
called Pomeroy's Cove; and is so called today. That cove is where the Dover 
and Portsmouth railroad crosses the tip-end of it. There was where the 


Providence landed its passengers when it brought Edward Hilton and his 
party up the Pascataqua, in the spring of 1623. 

1'here was some special reason for calling it Pomeroy Cove ; it would 
not have been so named had he not been there repeatedly. No other Pomeroy 
was ever in any way connected with the history of Dover. 

Other families were undoubtedly added to this colony between 1623 and 
163 1, but their names cannot be given. 

Now what are the proofs of all this? How do I know they came here 
in 1623? 

evidence of the settlement in 1623, and that they remained at 

Hilton's point 

What is the evidence that the Hiltons and Roberts, and others, com- 
menced the settlement at Hilton's Point in 1623? 

First. The historian, Hubbard, says so in his "History of New Eng- 
land,'' which was published about fifty years after that day, but was in 
manuscript much earlier than that. He was, probably, personally acquainted 
with Edward and William Hilton, and conversed with them on the subject. 
Edward Hilton did not die until 1671, and lived at Exeter thirty years; and 
it wiiuld seem strange if Hubbard did not interview Mr. Hilton when he was 
collecting the material for his history. He .says in his history : 

"For l>eing encouraged 1>y the report of divers mariners that came to 
make fishing voyages upon the coast, they sent over that year (1623), one 
Mr. David Thomson, with Mr. Edward Hilton and his brother, William 
Hilton, who had been fishmongers in London, with some others that came 
along with them, furnished with necessaries for carrying on a plantation 
there. Possibly others might be sent after them in the years following, 1624 
and 1625 ; some of whom first in probability seized on a place called the 
Little Harbor, on the west side of the Pascataqua river, toward or at the 
mouth thereof; the Hiltons meanwhile setting up their stages higher vip the 
river, towards the northwest, at or about a place since called Dover." 

Belknap, and other historians following, repeat the statement above 

quoted from Hubbard. 

Second. William Hilton says they came to Hilton's Point in 1623. The 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, of 1882, Vol. 36, has the 
following petition, which had but recently been found in the old court records, 
and no historian had ever known there was such a document ; it settles the 
question of date, as 1623, beyond a doubt: 

petition of WILLIAM HILTON, 1660 

To the Honored Generall Court now Asseml:)led at Boston. Tlie Petition of 
William Hilton Humbly Showeth : 


Whereas your petitioner's father, William Hilton, came over into New 
England about the year Anno: Dom: 1621 : & yr. petitioner came about one 
year and a half after, and in a little tyme following settled ourselves upon 
ye River of Paschataq with Mr. Edward Hilton, who were the first English 
Planters there, William having much intercourse with the Indians by way 
of trayde and mutuall giving & receiving, amongst whom one Tahanto, Sag- 
amore of Penacooke, for divers kindnesses received from your petitioner's 
father & himself, did freely give unto ye aforesaid William Senior and Wil- 
liam Hilton, Junior, Six Miles of land lying on ye River Penneconaquigg. 
being a riverlette running into P'enacooke to ye eastward, ye said land to be 
bounded soe as may be most for ye best accomodation of your said petitioner, 
his heyres & assignes. The said Tahanto did also freely give to ye said 
father & son & to their heyres forever. Two Miles of ye best Meddow Land 
lying on ye North East Side of ye River Pennecooke, adjoining to ye said 
River, with all ye appertenances which said Tract of Land & Meddow were 
given in ye presence of Fejld & Severall Indians, in ye year 1636: At 
which tyme Tahanto went with ye aforesaid Hiltons to the Lands, and 
thereof gave them possession. All of wch commonly is known to ye An- 
cient Inhabitants at Paschatq ; & for the further confirmation of ye sd gyft 
or grant Your petitioner hath renewed deeds from ye sd Tahanto, & since 
your petitioner imderstands that there be many grants of land lately given, 
thereabouts, to bee layd out : And least any shoud bee mistaken in Chusing 
yr place & thereby intrench apon yr petitioner's rights, for preventing 
whereof : 

Your Petitioner humbly Craveth that his grant may be confirmed by 
this Court, & that A — B — C — , or any two of them, may be fully Impowered 
to sett forth ye bounds of all ye above mentioned lands, & make true retume 
whereof unto this honored Court. And your petitioner, as in duty hee is 
bound, shall pray for your future welfare & prosperity. 

Boston, June i, 1660. The Conimittee having considered ye contents 
of this petition, do not judge meet that ye Court grant ye same, but having 
considered the petitioner's ground for ye approbaccon of ye Indian's grant, 
doe judge meet that 300 acres of ye sd Land be sett out to ye petitioner 
by a Committee Chosen by this Court, so as that it may not prejudice any 
plantation, and this as a finall end & issue of all future claims by \irtue of 
such grant from ye Indians. 

Thomas Danforth, 
Elea Lusher, 
Henry Bartholomew. 

The Magists Approave of this returne if theire ye Depu'ts Consent 

Edward Rawson, Secretary. 

Consented to by ye Deputies. William Torky, Cleric. 

(Endorsed.) The Petition of William Hilton Entered with ye Magistrates 
30 May, 1660, & ex. pd. ents Tahanto's Deed dd and p Mr. Danf, William 
Hilton's petition enterred & referred to the Committee. 

Now it is a matter of record that William Hilton arrived at Plymouth, in 
the ship Fortune, November 11, 1621; his wife and two children came to 


Plymouth in the ship Anne, in June or July, 1623; one of the children was 
William Hilton, Jr., the above named petitioner. He says that he and his 
mother arrived at Plymouth about '"one year and a half later;" that reckoned 
from November 11, 1621, makes the date in June or July, 1623; he further 
says : "and in a lyttle tyme following, settled ourselves upon ye River of 
Paschatq, with Mr. Edward Hilton, who were the first English planters there." 
That settles the question. 

Third. We have the evidence of Edward Hilton himself, as shown in the 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register of July, 1870, Vol. 
XXIV, wherein is published the "Grant of the Council of Plymouth to Edward 
Hilton of Land in New England, dated 12 March, 1629 (O. S.)," that is, 1630 
(N. S.). It was found among the court records of the lawsuit of Allen vs. 
Waldron, of date of February, 1704-5. This suit was one of the Mason heirs' 
claims against the New Hampshire land owners. It was put in as evidence 
that Capt. John Mason never owned what is Dover and other towns 


Know ye that said President and Council by virtue and authority of his 
Majesty's said Letters Patent, and for and in consideration that Edward 
Hilton and Associates hath already at his and their own proper cost and 
charge transported sundry servants to plant in New England aforesaid, at 
a place there called by the natives Wecanacohunt, otherwise Hilton's Point, 
lying some two leagues from the mouth of the River Paskataqnack, in New 
England aforesaid, n'herc they have already built some houses and planted 
Come. And for that he doth further intend by God's Divine Assistance to 
transport thither more people and cattle, to the good increase and advance- 
ment, and for the better settling and strengthening of their plantation, as 
also that they may be better encouraged to proceed in so pious a work 
which may especially tend to the propagation of Religion, and the great 
increase of trade, to his Majesty's Realms and Dominions, and the advance- 
ment of public plantations — 

Have given, granted and Engrossed and confirmed, and by this their pres- 
ent writing, doe fully, clearly and absolutely give, grant, Enfeoffe and Con- 
firme unto the said Edward Hilton, his heirs and Assigns forever; All that part 
of the River Pascataquack, called or known by the name of Wecanacohunt, 
or Hiltons Point, with the south side of said River, up to the fall of the 
River, and three miles into the main land by all the breadth aforesaid; 
Together witli all the shores, creeks, bays, harbors, and coasts alongst the 
sea, within the limits and bounds aforesaid, with woods and islands next 
adjoining to the land not being already granted by said Council unto any 
other person or persons, together also with all the lands, rivers, mines, min- 
erals of what kind or nature soe ever, etc. etc. : 

To have and to hold all and singular the said lands and premises, etc. 
etc. unto said Edward Hilton, his heirs and assigns, etc. they paying unto 


our sovereign Lord the King, one-fifth part of gold or silver ores, and 
another fifth part to the Council aforesaid and their successors, by the rent 
hereafter in these presents reserved, yielding and paying therefor yearly 
forever, unto said Council, their successors or assigns, for every one hun- 
dred acres of said land in use, the sum of twelve pence of Lawful money 
of England into the hands of the Rent gatherer for the time being, of the 
said Council, for all services whatsoever : And the said Council for the 
affairs of England, in America aforesaid, do by these presents nominate, 
depute, authorize, appoint, and in their place and 'stead put William Black- 
ston, of New England, in America, aforesaid. Clerk: William Jeffries and 
Thomas Lewis, of the same place, Gents, and either or any of them jointly 
or separately, to be their (the Council's), true and lawful Attorney or 
Attorneys, and in their name and stead to enter into each part or portion 
of land and other premises with the appointments by these presents given 
and granted, or into some part thereof in the name of the whole, and peacable 
and quiet possession and seisin thereof for them to take, and the same so 
had and taken in their name and stead, to deliver possesssion & seisin 
thereof unto Edward Hilton, the said Edward Hilton, his heirs, associates 
and assigns, according to the tenor, forme and effect of these presents, Rati- 
fying, Confonning and allowing all & whatsoever the said Attorney, or 
Attorneys, or either of them, shall doe in and about the Premises by virtue 

In witness whereof the said Council for the affairs of New England in 
America aforesaid, have hereunto caused their Common Seal to be put, the 
twelfth day of March, Anno: Domi : 1629. (1630, N. S.) 

Ro. Warwick. 
Memo : That upon the seventh day of July, Anno : Domi : Annoq ; R's 
Caroli pri. Septimo : By Virtue of a warrant of Attorney within mentioned 
from the Council of the affairs in New England, under their common Seal 
unto Thomas Lewis, he the said Thomas Leviis had taken quiet possession 
of the within mentioned premises and livery and seisin thereof, hath given 
to the within named Edward Hilton in the presence of us : 

Thomas Wiggin, 
Wm. Hilton, 
Vera copia efificit per nos. Sam'l Sharpe, 

Tim : Nichol.\s, James Downe, 

Pet. Coppur. 
Vera Copia, Attest, Rich : Partridge, Cleric. 

In conclusion it may be well to repeat wliat has already iieen mentioned — 
that the reason for his getting this grant was that Capt. John Mason had 
obtained his New Hampshire grant on the 7th of November preceding; and 
the Laconia company only ten days later ; which grants entirely surrounded 
Hilton's possessions. The result was that Hilton did what every sensible 
business man would do under similar circumstances ; that is, he secured a new 
and specific patent, to co\er what he had had possession of for seven years. 


under the David Thomson grant of six thousand acres. If he had not done 
that, no doubt Capt. ^Valter Neal would have tried to drive him off, as he did 
Wilham Hihon from the cornfield in Kittery, now Eliot. The very wording 
of the grant shows that the Council regarded him as a pemianent settler; not 
a new man just come over; and that he really owned the land. 

Again, there is further evidence that he had been settled there several 
years before 1630. In 1628 Governor Bradford sent a letter to Thomas 
Morton, the head man of a lively lot of settlers at Merry Mount, in Wol- 
laston, requesting him not to sell guns, ammunition and rum to the Indians, 
as he and his men had been doing. To this letter Morton replied that he 
defied the Plymouth authorities to molest him; and assured the Governor 
that there would be bloodshed should they attempt it. 

Upon receipt of this letter, Bradford, in June, 1628, sent the Plymouth 
militia, under the command of Captain Standish, to subdue them. When the 
Captain arrived he found the settlers barricaded in Morton's house; and 
Morton, after taunting Standish with a volley of abuse, led his men out 
against the men of Captain Shrimp, as he styled Standish. In the scrimmage 
which followed, Morton was taken prisoner, and the others surrendered ; the 
only shedding of blood being from the nose of a drunken Merry Mount 
settler which was scratched with the sword-point of one of Standish's 

Soon after this, Morton, under arrest, was sent to Engand in a ship that 
sailed from the Isles of Shoals. The charges incident to arresting Morton 
and sending him to England were apportioned among the settlements along 
the coast, from Plymouth to Monhegan. The total was fi2, 7s; of which 
Edward Hilton paid £1 ; his men at Pascataquack £2, los ; Thomson, at Thom- 
son's Island, 15 shillings; Plymouth, £2, los; Naumkeag (Salem), fi, los; 
Jeffrey and Burslem, £2; Nantascott, £1, los; Blackston at Shawmut (Bos- 
ton), 12 shillings. 

That shows that Hilton was one of the most substantial citizens in New 
England, and was an old resident, interested in preserving order. It also 
shows that Hilton and his men at Pascataqua paid more than any other place. 

As regards the names of the two places: Hilton's Point was so named 
because Edward Hilton settled there in 1623, and stayed there. Odiorne's 
Point was so named from the Odiorne family that settled in that neighbor- 
hood more than a century after David Thomson built his house there in the 
spring of 1623. It never had any name before that. If David Thomson 
had remained there, a permanent settler, as Hilton did at Dover, the place, as 
a matter of course, would have been called Thomson's Point. He did not do 
that; he went to Boston Harbor in 1626, and resided on the island that had 
been granted him in 1622; and the place bears the name, Thomson's Island, 


to this day. The names themselves show that the first permanent settlement 
in New Hampshire was at Hilton's Point, in Dover. 

In conclusion it seems proper to say that it has always been the tradition in 
the Roberts family, passed down from father to sons to the present day, that 
Thomas Roberts came over with Edward Hilton, and settled at Dover Point ; 
and that they came in the spring of 1623; and that he remained there ten 
years; in 1633, when Capt. Thomas Wiggin's company arrived, and the settle- 
ment was begun on Dover Neck, Mr. Roberts removed from the Point to the 
Neck, and built his house on a grant of land the town gave him on Fore river, 
which land has remained in possession of his descendants to the present day. 

The Laconia grant of November 17, 1629, led to the first settlement of 
Strawberry Bank (Portsmouth), in 1630. The Thomson grant of October 16, 
1622, led to the settlement of Hilton's Point (Dover), in 1623. Dover was 
never in any way under control of the Laconia company. Dover is seven 
years older than Portsmouth, and fifty years older than New Hampshire. 



As has been stated, the first settlement began in Dover at Hilton's Point 
(Dover Point), in the spring of 1623. The founder was Edward Hilton; 
two of his associates were his brother William and Thomas Roberts. The 
place where they landed the ship in w hich they came over is called Pomeroy's 
Cove, named for Leonard Pomeroy, who owned the ship. It is where the 
Dover and Portsmouth railroad crosses the tidewater between Dover Neck 
and Dover Point. Edward Hilton built his house where Hilton Hall now 
stands. The settlement on the hill, above this cove, began ten years later. 

As regards names. At first the locality was Hilton's Point-on-the-Pascat- 
aqua and that part of the town continued to be called Hilton's Point for more 
than two hundred years ; the present name, Dover Point, is of comparatively 
recent use. When Hilton sold out to Capt. Thomas Wiggin's company in 
1 63 1 and the colony came over in 1633 and began the settlement on Dover 
Neck, the settlement was called Bristol, as many of the men came from towns 
in the west of England, along the Bristol Channel ; but the whole settlements 
at Dover and Portsmouth were known by the common name Pascataqua; 
locally Portsmouth was Strawberry Bank and Dover was Bristol. In 1637 the 
name was changed to Dover. 

When the First Church was organized in November, 163S, a new element 
was introduced. The second minister. Rev. Thomas Larkham, had been 
pastor of a church at Northam, England, at the mouth of Bristol channel, and 
he induced the settlers to change the name from Bristol to Northam, by which 
name it was known a few years. After Mr. Larkham had left the church and 
the town had come under the rule of Massachusetts in 1642, the name was 
changed to Dover. So the names have been Hilton's Point-on-the-Pascat- 
aqua, Bristol, Northam, and Dover. It is not known that any of the settlers 
came from Dover. England. 

Dover is fifty years older than New Hampshire; that is, the town is half a 
century older than the province and state. New Hampshire was never a 
colony, except for a few months in 1775, when it was so called for con- 




N. H. 



venience in acting with tlie otlier colonies. The name New Hampshire was 
not used until about 1675, up to which time Dover was a town in Norfolk 
county, Massachusetts, and it sent its representatives to the general court in 
Boston every year and helped make the laws ; but in addition to which it made 
many of its own local laws in town meetings at Dover Neck. 

Old Dover comprised the present city and Somersworth, Rollinsford, Dur- 
ham, Madbury, Lee and Newington. For more than a century, when you 
find the name Dover in the old records, town and province, it means what we 
now call Dover Neck. There was the meeting house, what in modern parlance 
is called town house, and church. There was the business center of the town, 
and they were strong men who ruled in those days. Other localities had local 
names for convenience in use in business affairs. Here, where now is the heart 
of the city and now the center of business, was called Cochecho-in-Dover. 
Durham was Oyster River-in-Dover, Newington was Bloody Point-in-Dover. 
The great lumbermen, like Major Waldron, had names for their timber lots, 
which were granted to them by the town. Many of those names remain to 
the i)resent time. For example, Tolend is simply an abbreviation of Tolland, 
England, near where INIajor Waldron emigrated from when he came to 
Dover and settled, and built his mill here at the Cochecho falls, in 1642. Mad- 
bury gets its name from a timber lot up in that territory, which was called 
Modbury by its owner, who came from the neighborhood of that town in 
England. The men remembered their old homes. Timber lots had to have 
names in order to designate transfer titles in buying and selling land, so they 
applied names that were familiar to them in their old home in England. 

There is one name of special interest on account of its origin — "Bloody 
Point," that section of Old Dover now Newington. It will be seen in the 
first chapter of these historical sketches, that Capt. John Mason secured a 
grant from the Council of Plymouth defining the boundary line between his 
territory and that of Edward Hilton ; the local name for Mason's territory 
was Strawberry Bank; the other was Hilton's Point. At the beginning in 
1630, and for several years following, Capt. Walter Neale was Governor at 
Strawberry Bank; in 1633 and for several years following, Capt. Thomas 
W'iggin was Govefnor at Hilton's Point and the settlement on Dover Neck. 
Captain Wiggin contended that the line between his territory and that of 
Strawberry Bank was where the present division is between Newington and 
Portsmouth. Captain Neale contended that Mason's territory extended up 
to where the Newington railway station is now located, at the east end of the 
railroad liridge. So. many collisions occurred while the controversy was going 
on, not only between the settlers, but between Captain Neale and Captain 
Wiggin, in regard to the division line. On one occasion they came near fight- 
ing a duel with swords. The Massachusetts historian, Hubbard, informs us 
that Wiggin, being forbidden by Neale "to come upon a certain point of land. 


that lieth in the midway between Dover and Exeter, Captain Wiggin intended 
to have defended his riglit by the sword, but it seems both the Htigants had so 
much wit in their anger as to wave the battle, each accounting himself to have 
done very manfully in what was threatened; so as in respect not of what did, 
but what might have fallen out, the place to this day retains the formidable 
name of Bloody Point." So. in tiie town records of Dover, as well as in com- 
mon speech among the people, Dover territory on the south side of the Pas- 
cataqua river was called Bloody Point in Dover until it was made a separate 
parish and town in 17 12, by the Provincial Assembly, and given the name 



Edward Hilton was a Church of England constituent; he does not appear 
to have had any special sympathy with the Pilgrims or the Puritans. For ten 
years he and his associates attended strictly to business, fishing and trading 
with the Indians. It does not appear that any clergyman of any persuasion 
did service at Hilton Point during the first decade. But as they were fre- 
quently going back and forth between Old England and New England, they no 
doubt kept in touch with the religious movements that were going on in their 
old home. They were not Godless men, but God-fearing and honest in their 

When Hilton sold his plantation to Thomas Wiggin's company, and the 
new company took possession, in the fall of 1633, a new religious element was 
introduced. The newcomers were reputed to be "of some account for 
religion," that is to say, they were largely made up of those who entertained 
Puritan views, as regarded the Church of England religious forms of church 

So the first parish was organized in 1633 with Rev. William Leveridge, 
"a worthy Puritan divine," who came with the company that arrived October 
10, 1634. That winter they built a log church a short distance down the hill 
southwest from the present meeting house site that is marked with a wall and 
a bronze tablet on the road side. Mr. Leveridge served the people two years, 
then went elsewhere for a more lucrative position. He was succeeded by the 
Rev. George Burdet, who remained two years, when steps were taken to have 
a regularly organized church, which was completed in the fall of 1638 with 
the Rev. Hanserd Knollys as the first pastor of the first church in Dover and 
New Hampshire. Mr. Knollys served two years and was succeeded by the 
Rev. Thomas Larkham, who had been minister in a Puritan church in 
Northam, England. He was so popular with the people that they were induced 
to change the name of the t(nvn from Dover and call it Xortham, whicii name 
it retained about four years and then was changed to Dover, having come 
under Massachusetts rule in 1642. 



The first parish and the town continued to woriv together until June ii, 
1762, when the parish was made separate from the town in the management 
of business affairs. Up to that time the town built the meeting houses, and 
there were held the town meetings as well as the church meetings, and the 
town voted support for the ministers and other current expenses. After 1762 
the parish organization did what the town formerly had done, and the parish 
organization has continued to the present day. All persons are members of 
the parish who attend divine ser\'ice at the "meeting house," or pay for sup- 
port of the minister; and all members of the church are members of the parish; 
but members of the parish cannot be members of the church until formally 
admitted according to the established rules of the church, which ha\'e varied 
from time to time. 

That is to say, the town and parish were one until 1762. They built the 
first meeting house of logs. They voted to ha\e the second meeting house 
built, and Maj. Richard Walderne was the contractor (he was not a regular 
major then) ; he was to build it in consideration of the extensive grants the 
town had given him, covering all the lower falls of the Cochecho, where he 
had his sawmill and grist mill, with much timber, besides a rent of £12 per 
annum in boards or plank, bound himself, heirs and administrators, to erect a 
meeting house upon the hill, near Elder Nutter's residence; the dimensions of 
it were to be forty feet long, twenty-six feet wide, sixteen-foot studs, with 
six windows, two doors fit for such a house, with a tile covering, and to plank 
all the walls ; with glass and nails for it, the whole to be finished "betwixt this 
(April, 1653) and April next come twelvemonth, which will be in the year 
1654." Major Walderne completed it according to contract. As there was 
no bell on it, Richard Pinkham was hired to "beat the drum" on the Lord's 
Day to call the i>eople to meeting. 

December 21, 1658. — It was voted that the meeting house on Dover Neck 
be underpinned, and catted and sealed with boards, a pulpit and seats con- 
venient be made, and a bell purchased, to be paid for by a rate upon each 
man's estate according to the law of the country. But it appears by the records 
that the bell was not purchased until 1665, when the selectmen authorized 
Peter Cofiin to agree with some workmen to build a "turrett upon the Meeting 
House for to hang the bell," which they had bought of Captain Walderne, the 
cost to be paid out of what credit the Neck had in Mr. Cofifin's hands, and if 
it cost more they engaging to pay him on the town account. And that year, 
1665, the bell was first rung on the meeting house, taking the place of Richard 
Pinkham's drum. 

The next meeting house was built on Pine Hill "at Cochecho in Dover," 
in 1 712, and soon after this became the official seat of government in the town. 
Always before that the seat of government was at Dover Neck, and when- 
ever Dover is spoken of as a place where somebody lived or something was 


done, that is the place meant ; the other places were simply localities in Dover. 
Of course religious meetings continued to be held in that house on the Neck 
for a long time after it ceased to be used to hold town meetings in and con- 
duct the town business. The minister of the first church officiated at both 
places. Tiie last public town meeting was held in that house March lO, 1760. 
A new house had been built in 1758-9, where the present first parish meeting 
house stands on Tuttle square. That was the fourth house the parish had. 
It was built of wood. That was taken down in 1828 and the present brick 
edifice was erected in its place. The town had something to do with its con- 
struction, but on IMarch 30, 1761, at a public town meeting it was voted to 
petition the general court for a law to empower the first parish to transact their 
aiTairs exclusive of other town business. 1'his petition was granted June i i, 
1762. The meeting house continued to be used for town meetings until the 
courthouse came into use about 1790. That building is now used as Bradley's 
garage, on Tuttle square. 

It is an interesting fact in reference to these meeting houses that when the 
Indians began to be troublesome and dangerous the following order was passed 
in town meeting for building a fortification around the house in Do\er : 

"4 : 5 mo : 1667. It is Agried with Capt. Coffin to Build the forte about the 
Meeting House on Dover Neck one hundred foot square with two Sconces of 
sixteen foot square and all the timber to be twelve inches thick and the wall 
to be eight foot high with sills and braces, and the Selectmen with the military 
officers have agreed to pay him one hundred pounds in day workes at 2s 6d per 
day, and also to all persons concerned in the workes on day to help to raise 
at so many as he shall appoint." 

The earthwork in which this timber was set is still preserved. Margery 
Sullivan Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution has had iron rails 
placed over the earthwork, so obseners can easily imagine how the stockade 
must have looked in Indian war-times. The Chapter also had a nice face 
wall placed along the east (road) side, on which is placed a bronze tablet. 

The meeting house that was erected in 1758 was dedicated December 13, 
that year. February 16, 1829, the parish voted to sell the old meeting house 
and build the present brick one in its place ; this was done and the new house 
was dedicated December 30, 1829. The northern end of the old meeting 
house was removed to Court street and converted into a dwelling house. It is 
located on the east side of the street, north of where the brook used to be. 


Mention has already been made of four of the ministers of the first church 
and parish. There have been twenty-five. All were college graduates and 


held high rank among tlie Congregational churches with which the first 
church affiliated. 

Daniel Maud, fifth minister, born about 1585, "a man of quiet and peace- 
able disposition," had been a minister in England, arri\'ed at Boston in 1635, 
was admitted freeman May 25, 1636, and officiated as schoolmaster for some 
years. He came to Dover in 1642, being recommended by the ministers in 
answer to the request of the people of Dover. He died in 1655, his will being 
dated 17th nth mo., 1654 (Feb. 17, 1655), and proved June 26, 1655. The 
second meeting house was built in 1653, in accordance with a town vote dated 
5th loth mo., 1652; a bell was placed upon it in 1665, and a fortification built 
round it in 1667, the remains of which are still \'isible. 

John Reyncr, sixth minister, came to America in or near 1635, settled 
in Plymouth, Mass., in 1636, left that place in November, 1654, and settled 
in Dover in 1655. "He was a man of meek and humble spirit, sound in the 
truth, and every way irreproachable in his life and conversation." During 
the last few years of his life he was assisted by his son and successor, John 
Reyner, Jr. He died April 20, 1669, aged sixty-nine. His will was dated 
April 19th, and proved June 30th, his widow Frances being executrix. He 
owned and bequeathed an estate in tlie parish of Batley, Yorkshire, England. 

In his time extra services were held at Cochecho on the Sabbath in the 
winter for several years, William W'entworth, an elder of the church, being 
employed by the town to preach there. 

John Reyncr, Jr., seventh minister, son of John Reyner, his predecessor, 
was born, probably, in Plymouth in 1643; graduated at Harvard College in 
1663, and became assistant to his father about 1667. Upon his father's death 
he was invited, July 22, 1669, to become pastor, and continued to officiate, 
but was not regularly settled until July 12, 1671. He died at Braintree, Mass., 
Dec. 21, 1676, "of a cold and fever," says Hull, "that he took in the field 
among the soldiers." His wife was Judith, daughter of Edmund Ouincy, of 
Braintree. Of him it is said, "he possessed a double portion of his father's 

John Pike, eighth minister, was born in Salisbury, Mass., May 15, 1645; 
graduated at Harvard College in 1675, came to Dover "for the work of the 
ministry," Nov. I, 1678, and was settled Aug. 31, 1681. He was absent some 
of the time during his settlement here on account of the Indian wars, but he 
died here in the pastorate, March to, 1709-10. His wife, Sarah, daughter of 
Rev. Joshua Moody, died Jan. 24, 1702-3. His will was dated March 6, 
1709-10. "He was esteemed as an extraordinary preacher, and a man of 
true godliness." 

Nicholas Sever, ninth minister, was born in Roxbury, Mass., April 15, 
1680; graduated at Harvard College in 1701, and was ordained at Dover, 
April II, 171 1. He resigned his charge in the spring of 171 5, on account of 


an almost total loss of voice. In 1716 he was appointed tutor in Harvard 
College, where he remained for twelve years. Not long after he was appointed 
judge of Court of Common Pleas in Plymouth county, Mass., a station for 
which he proved himself eminently qualified. He died April 7, 1764. 

Prior to his settlement the regular meetings of the Sabbath had been held 
at Dover Neck, but Air. Se\er preached partly at Chochecho. The third 
meeting house was erected on Pine Hill, about 1713, but the old one at the 
Neck was used until about 1720. 

Jonathan Cushing, tenth minister, was born in Hingham, Mass., Dec. 20, 
1690; graduated at Harvard College in 1712, and was ordained pastor of this 
church Sept. 18, 1717; during most of his ministry he preached at Cochecho; 
he died March 25. 1769, having had a colleague for the two years previous. 
He "sustained the character of a grave and sound preacher, a kind, peaceable, 
prudent, and judicious pastor, a wise and faithful friend." During his min- 
istry one hundred and thirty-three were added to the church, of whom nine 
were by letter. 

The fourth meeting house v. as dedicated Dec. 13, 1758, and stood upon the 
site of the present house; the former one was sold in pursuance of a vote 
passed Nov. 26, 1759. The parish was incorporated distinct from the town 
June 1 1, 1762. 

Jeremy Belknap, D. D.. eleventh minister, was born in Boston, Mass., June 
4, 1744: graduated at Harvard College in 1762; was ordained colleague with 
Mr. Cushing. Feb. 18, 1767, and became sole pastor in 1769. He married 
Ruth Eliot, June 15, 1767. His connection ceased Sept. 11, 1786, and he was 
installed pastor of the Federal Street Chiu'ch in Boston ( afterwards Dr. Chan- 
ning's) April 4, 1787; he died of a paralytic attack June 20, 1798. In his 
ministry here forty-three were added to the church, of whom five were by 

Doctor Belknap was distinguished for his literary attainments and beloxed 
for his personal character. He was an ardent patriot in the Revolution, and 
by his writings and correspondence did eminent ser\ice. He published 
numerous works, the best know of which is his "History of New Hampshire" 

Robert Gray, twelfth minister, was born in Andover, Mass., Oct. 9, 1761, 
graduated at Harvard College in 1786, and was ordained over this church 
Feb. 28, 1787. He married, March 2j, 1787, Lydia Tufts, of Charlestown, 
Mass. His connection as pastor ceased May 20. 1805. He preached after- 
wards in the western part of Barrington. though he was never again settled, 
and died in Wolfborough, N. H., Aug. 2^. 1822. During his ministry thirty- 
four were added to the church. 

Caleb HaniUton Shearman, thirteenth minister, was born in Brimfield, 
Mass., in iy/()\ graduated at Brown Uni\ersity in 1803: was ordained at 
Dover May 6, 1807, and dismissed May 7, 1812. He left Dover about 181 5, 


went to Charleston, S. C, and afterwards to New York State, where he died. 
Six persons are recorded as having united with the church during his 

Joseph JVard Clary, fourteenth minister, was bom in Rowe, Mass., Nov. 
21, 1/86; graduated at Middlebury College in 1808, received his theological 
education at Andover, and was ordained pastor of this church May 7, i8i2.« 
He was dismissed, by mutual council, Aug. 6, 1828, and on the 29th of Novem- 
ber was installed pastor at Cornish, N. H. ; he resigned his pastoral charge in 
1834, and died April 13, 1835, "a good and pious man, a serious and faithful 
pastor." Mr. Clary was reinterred Dec. 19, 1835, in Pine Hill burying- 
ground, by desire of this church. During his ministry sixty-nine united with 
the church. 

Hubbard Jl'iiisloi>.>, D. D., LL. D., fifteenth minister, was born in Willis- 
ton, Vt., Oct. 30, 1799; graduated at Yale College in 1825, received his 
theological education at New Ha\en and Andoxcr, and was ordained pastor 
Dec. 4, 1828. In the midst of a promising revival his health failed and he 
was obliged to leave the place; he was dismissed by council Nov. 30, 1831. 
During his ministry and previous to the settlement of his successor, one hun- 
dred and eighty were added to this church, of w hom thirty-one were by letter. 
Mr. Winslow was installed pastor of the Bowdoin Street Churcli in Boston 
Sept. 26, 1832, and dismissed in ]\larch, 1844. He was in active service 
many years, especially in charge of seminaries for the liberal education of 
young ladies. He published various works, mainly educational. He died at 
Williston, Vt., Aug. 13, 1864, aged sixty-five. 

David Root, sixteenth minister, was born in Piermont, N. H., June 17, 
1 791 ; graduated at Middlebury College in 1816; received his theological edu- 
cation principally under the direction of Dr. N. S. S. Beman, late of Troy, 
N. Y. ; labored as a missionary some time in Georgia ; was ordained pastor of 
the Second Presbyterian cluirch in Cincinnati, Ohio, Sept. 4, 1819; resigned 
his charge in 1832, and was installed pastor of this church Feb. 6. 1833; his 
connection ceased Sept. 4, 1S39. During his ministry here one hundred and 
sixty-six were added to the church, of whom thirty-nine were by letter. 
Mr. Root settled in W'aterbury, Conn., in 1840, and afterwards at Guilford. 
He died in Chicago, 111., Aug. 30, 1873, aged eighty-three. 

Jeremiah Smith Young, seventeenth minister, was born in Whitestown, 
N. Y., Sept. 10, 1809; received his theological education at Andover, where he 
graduated in 1839; was ordained here Nov. 20, 1839; his connection was 
dissolved September, 1843, '^^ consequence of ill health, and he never after- 
wards settled. During his ministry one hundred and eighty united with the 
church, of whom thirty-four were by letter. He died in Somen-ille, Mass., 
April 26> 1861, aged fifty-two. 

Homer Barrozvs, eighteenth minister, was born in ^^'arehanl, Mass., Dec. 


19, 1806; graduated at Amherst College in 183 1, and at Andover Theological 
Seminary in 1834; was ordained pastor of the Second church in Middle- 
boro', Mass., June i, 1836; left that place in 1842; was stated supply at 
Norton, Mass., for three years, and was installed pastor of this church July 
9, 1845. H'S connection was terminated by a mutual council held July 6, 
1852. During his pastorate fifty-eight were added to the church, of whom 
twenty-seven were by letter. Mr. Barrows was installed pastor of the church 
in Wareham, Mass., Oct. 2"], 1852, and was afterwards, from 1859 to 1869, 
acting pastor at P^laistow, X. H. 

Benjamin Franklin Parsons, nineteenth minister, was born in Wiscasset, 
June 22, 1820; graduated at Bowdoin College in 1841 ; received his theological 
education at New York and Bangor, graduating at Bangor Theological Semi- 
nary in 1846. He was ordained as the first minister of the Congregational 
church at Watertown, Wis., Jan. 25, 1847; installed as first pastor of the 
First church at W'aukegan, 111., Nov. i, 1848; resigned his charge in October. 
1852, and was installed pastor of this church Jan. 12, 1853. He was dismissed 
Sept. 3, 1856, and at once became pastor of the Belknap church in this city, 
from which he was dismissed Oct. 24, 1861. 

Elias Huntington Richardson, twentieth minister, was born in Lebanon, 
N. H., Aug. II, 1827; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1850, and at 
Andover in 1853; was ordained pastor of the church in Goffstown, N. H., 
May 18, 1854; dismissed Oct. 30, 1856. He was installed over this church 
Dec. 10, 1856, and dismissed Dec. 10, 1863. He was settled in Providence, 
R. I.. Dec. 30, 1863. afterwards in Westfield, Mass., and in 1872 became pastor 
of the First church in Hartford, Conn. During his ministry ninety were 
added to the church, and thirty by him after he was dismissed. 

Avery Skinner Walker, twenty-first minister, was born in Union Square, 
Osage county, N. Y., Oct. 15, 1829; graduated at Oberlin College in 1854, 
and at Union Theological Seminary in 1857. He was ordained by the Third 
New York Presbytery. June 14. 1857, and was acting pastor at Lodi, N. Y., 
from 1875 to June, i860. He was installed pastor at Rockville, Conn., Feb. 
13, 1861. dismissed Sept. 20, 1864, and was installed over this church Nov. 16, 
1864. He was dismissed Sept. 7, 1868, and was installed pastor at Fairhaven, 

George Burley Spalding, twenty-second minister, was born in Montpelier. 
Mass.. from which place he removed to Gloversville, X. Y. 
Vt., Aug. II, 1835: graduated at the University of Vermont in 1856. studied 
law at Tallahassee. Fla., entered the Union Theological Seminary. New York 
City, in 1858, remaining two years, graduated at Andover Theological Semi- 
nary in 1861 ; was ordained and installed as minister at Vergennes, Vt.. Oct. 
5. 1861. dismissed Aug. i, 1864: installed over the North (now Park) church 
in Hartford, Conn.. Sept. 28, 1864. dismissed March 27,. 1869; installed over 
the First church in Dover, N. H., Sept. i, 1869. Doctor Spalding remained 


here fourteen years, then went to Manchester, N. H., where he served two 
years. He then became pastor of the First Presbyterian church in Syracuse, 
N. Y., where he was pastor twenty-five years. He is now retired. 

George E. Hall, D. D., twenty-third minister, was born F'eb. 23, 1851, in 
Jamaica, West Indies; graduated from OberHn College, 1872; graduated from 
New Haven Theological Seminary, 1875 ; pastor of the Congregational Church 
at Littleton, Mass., September, i875-l''ebruary, 1877; pastor of Congregational 
Church at Vergennes, Vt., May, i877-Deceml)er, 1H83; was installed pastor 
over the First Church in Dover Jan. 2, 1884; received the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity from Dartmouth College in 1893. L'ndcr his administration the brick 
chapel was built in 1888, at a cost of $16,218. It was dedicated April 21, 1889. 
Doctor Hall closed his ministry July i, 1908, completing twenty-four years and 
six months service. During his pastorate 374 members were added to the 
church roll. Doctor Hall liecamc western secretary of the .American Mis- 
sionary Association, with headquarters in Chicago. He resigned after one 
year's service, on account of failing health. 

Evarts W. Pond succeeded Doctor Hall and served two years. 

Walter A. Morgan, the twenty-fifth and present pastor, was installed in 
January, 19 13. The longest pastorate was that of Rev. Jonathan Cushing, 
fifty years. 

Rev. Dr. Belknap says that "mention is made of persons with the title of 
elders from 1647 to 1662, and it appears that there were three elders, viz.: 
Nutter, Wentworth, and Starbuck." (They were called elders as early as 
1638, and probably were chosen when the church was organized.) 

Elders: Hatevil Nutter, died 1675: Edward Starlnick, left Dover 1659, 
and went to Nantucket: died Dec. 4, 1690, aged eighty-si.x; William Went- 
worth, died March 16, 1697. aged eighty-one. 

Deacons: 1655, John Hall, died about 1693, aged seventy-two; 1675, 
John Dam, died Jan. 2~. 1691: 1717, Oct. 15, (rershom Wentworth. died 
March 2, 1731, aged eighty-two; 1717, Oct. 13, Samuel Tebbetts, died Dec. 
9, 1738; 1731. March 2, John Hayes ( 2 ). died July 3, 1759, aged seventy-three ; 
1745, April II, John Wood, died July 27, 1773, aged sixty-five; 1758, .April 
20, Shadrach Hodgdon, died Nov. i, 1791, aged eighty-two; 1758, April 20, 
Daniel Ham, deposed July 6, 1774, died 1803, aged eighty-nine; 1769, Dec. 
27, Thomas Hayes, died April 7, 1774, aged fifty-nine; 1774, June 12, Ephraim 
Kimball, died March 19, 1792, aged sixty-six; 1780, Nov. 5, Benjamin Peirce, 
died Sept. 12, 1S23, aged eighty: 1790. Dr. Ezra Crecn. dismissed l"el). 13, 
1829, died July 25, 1847, aged one hundred and one years and twenty-seven 

days: 1823, , John Wingate Hayes, left Dover 1838, died Nov. 11, 1845, 

aged sixty-eight; 1829, , Peter Cushing (2), died June C\ 1874, aged 

seventy-eight; 1838. Dec. 30. Andrew Peirce. died Sept. 4. 1862, aged seventy- 
six; 1838. Dec. 30, Edmund J. Lane: 1838, Dec. 30, Isaac .\. Porter, di.smissed 


to Belknap church April 24, 1856, died April 15, i860, aged eighty-one; 1858, 
Aug. 9, Joshua Banfield, removed to Hampton 1867, died March 20, 1869, 
aged sixty-six; 1869, Jan. 19, Nathaniel Low; 1869, Jan. 19, James H. 
Wheeler; 1869. Jan. 19, Alvah Moulton; 1874, Oct. 2^. Oliver Wyatt; 1874, 
Oct. 27, George Quint, died Oct. 22, 1877; 1878, Jan. 15, John R. Varney, 
died May 2, 1882; 1878, Jan. 15, John R. Ham. 




Next in order of age to the First Church in Dover is the Society of 
Friends. The first mention we find of any Quakers in Dover in any history, 
is that in 1662 three missionary Quakeresses, who had been lecturing among 
the residents on Dover Neck and had caused much annoyance and disturbance 
in the First church, of which Rev. John Reyiier was minister, were whipped 
out of town by a court order issued by Maj. Richard Waldeme. 

Doctor Belknap says in his "History of New Hampshire," that the Friends 
once comprised a third part of the citizens of the town. At present their num- 
ber is not very large, but very respectable. They did not become sufficiently 
numerous to organize a "meeting" until 1680, so the society is about forty 
years the junior of the First Church. Tiicir meeting house was on the west 
side of High street, Dover Neck, about one-third of a mile north of the one 
built by the First parish in 1654. The exact year when it was built is not 
known, but it was between 1680 and 1700. It was taken down about 1770 
and remoxcd across the river and set up again in Kittery, now Eliot, where 
there was quite a settlement of Friends. It stood there a hundred years or 
more and then was taken down. The Friends built a second meeting house 
at "Cochecho in Dover" about 1720, a few years after the First parish built 
their meeting house on Pine Hill, a short distance northwest of the Cushing 
tomb. This second Quaker meeting house stood on the southwest corner of 
what is now the junction of Silver and Lx)cust streets. Their third house was 
the present one on Central avenue, at Pine Hill, which was built in 1768; soon 
after that the old house at Dover Neck was sold to the Friends in Kittery, 
now Eliot. 

The first "monthly meeting" was established in 1702, and their records 
extend back to that time. The records of this society are tlie best kept of 
any ancient records in Dover, and ha\c been carefully preserved. In matters 
of family records they are of great value. The first "quarterly meeting" 
was established in 1708, and have been held regularly ever since. 



ST. John's methodist episcopal church 

Up to 1819 the First church and the Society of Friends suppHed the 
citizens of Dover with their reHgious instruction, but that year the first 
Methodist Episcopal meetings were lield at the "upper factory" village, which 
was called Williamsville, from the name of the founder of the manufacturing 
concern which was established there about 1814, and the village at one time 
had three hundred or more inhabitants, the larger part of whom worked in 
the (cotton) mill. 

Rev. John Lord, since a prominent minister in Maine, now deceased, 
seems to have visited this locality and preached to the people, organizing a 
class, and subsequently a Sunday school. "Reformation" John Adams also 
visited and labored among them, as did Mr. C. G. Chase, a local preacher of 
excellent reputation, who was for many years after an influential and useful 
man in this church. Thomas Greenhalgh, a calico-printer, employed at his art 
in the very beginning of what is now the Cocheco Print-Works, and an English 
local preacher, also labored with them. The late Solomon Gray and the late 
George W. Wendell, of Great Falls, both resided at the Upper Factory at 
this time, and were pioneers in Methodism in Dover. Father Gray was a 
class-leader, and probably the first in that office in this church. 

Dover was erected into a distinct charge in 1823. Rev. Jotham Horton 
was appointed as the preacher; admitted to the Conference in 1820. He 
preached alternately at the Upper Factory and in the old courthouse at the 

Measures were taken in 1824 — Mr. Horton's second year — for the erec- 
tion of a house of worship. A lot of land (that on which the present house 
stands) was procured of the heirs of the celebrated ^laj. Richard W'alderne, 
whose grave is in the immediate vicinity. It was donated on condition that it 
should be used only and always for the sacred purpose to which it was 
devoted. The committee appointed to conduct the enterprise conveyed the 
lot and buildings in due form and time by deed to the trustees of the society 
as a legal corporation. 

The church was not quite completed when Mr. Horton's term of service 
expired. Rev. John N. Maffitt was appointed his successor. His ministry, 
owing to his remarkable and peculiar eloquence, secured much attention. The 
church was finished and dedicated by Rev. Ephraim Wiley, of Boston, April 
28, 1825. Mr. Maffit remained in the pastorate two Conference years. Dur- 
ing his ministry in 1827, January 28th. a regular "legal society" or parish 
organization was fomied, according to the usage of those da3's. The first 
board of trustees were Joseph Smith, Lewis B. Tibbetts, Bamabus H. Palmer, 
Richard Walker. George Piper, George ^^'. Ed^erly. and Theodore Littlefield. 
The Rev. Benjamin R. Hoyt, the presiding elder, acted as moderator at the 


meeting at which the legal society was formed. I'^lder Hoyt served as pastor 
two years, with great success. 

A parsonage house was built in i8j8. A vestry had been built previous 
to that in i8jj. When Elder Hoyt closed his two years' work the number 
of members in the church was reported as 125. 

Rev. John F. Adams was successor of C. R. Hoyt as presiding elder, and 
served four j-ears. In 1829 Rev. Bartholomew Otheman became minister in 
place of Elder Hoyt. The number in the church when he left in 1830 was 212. 

The Quarterly Conference records begin Dec. 22, 1828, with Rev. J. F. 
Adams as presiding elder, and B. R. Hoyt prcachcr-in-charge. In the report 
of this appears the first note of preacher's salary. 

Rev. John G. Dow succeeded Mr. Otheman and served the customary 
two years. During his pastorate the house of worship was enlarged by the 
addition of sixteen and a half feet to the rear end. The vestry was also 
enlarged and the whole inclosure fenced. The nieml)ership in 1832 was 224. 
Rev. R. H. Deming followed Mr. Dow in 1832 and remained one year; his 
successor was Rev. Holmes Cushman, who did not complete his year. The 
membership had then dropped to 225. Rev. James Perkins was the next 
pastor. It was during this time that the great agitation of the public mind on 
the slavery question began to cause considerable trouble and disturbance in 
the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Perkins sympathized strongly with 
the growing anti-slavery sentiment of the time, and readily admitted to his 
church and pulpit Rev. George Storrs, who came to lecture on the sin of 
slavery, the "vilest that ever saw the sun." It was on such an occasion that an 
attempt was made to mob Mr. Storrs, when Mr. Perkins and Rev. Mr. Root, 
pastor of the Congregational church, with other friends, led the lecturer 
between them safely through the raging rabble to the pastor's house. 
Mr. Perkins began his labors in 1833, and closed his two years in 1835. The 
membership in 1835 is reported as 225. Rev. Eleazer Smith was appointed 
to the charge as Mr. Perkins' successor in 1835, but by a peculiar arrangement 
the latter was permitted to remain in Dover a third year, and Mr. Smith 
served at Great Falls, to which charge Mr. Perkins had been appointed. 

Rev. E. Smith became pastor in fact after Mr. Perkins, as he had Ixren in 
name for the year before. This was in 1837. Rev. Silas Greene was appointed 
as his successor in 1838. He labored two years with great acceptance. He 
returned a membership of 314 in 1839. 

Rev. J. G. Dow was the presiding elder from the Conference of 1832 to 
that of 1836, and Schuyler Chamberlain succeeded him in 1S37, and served 
till 1840. 

At the Conference of 1840 Rev. E. Scott was appointed pastor. Through 
his efforts a fine bell was placed in the church tower, and many other improve- 
ments were effected. 


The New Hampshire Conference held its annual session in Dover in 1841. 
The bishop presiding was Rev. Joshua Soule, D. D. 

Rev. Elijah Mason was appointed pastor next after Mr. Scott, in 1842. 
He remained two years, and was generally respected as an able and devoted 
minister, but these were troublous times in the country and in the church. 
The anti-slavery agitation and the excitement attendant upon the preach- 
ing of William Miller, and the predictions of the coming of Christ and the 
end of the world in 1843 were more or less sources of controversy and party 
feeling in the Dover church. 

Besides, unfortunately, just at this time there arose "no small stir" among 
the people on the question of instrumental music in the church. This last mat- 
ter resulted in a very bitter controversy, and was undoubtedly the real cause, 
if not the occasion, of the extensive secession which took place during 
Mr. Mason's second year, 1843. That the question of slavery in the church, 
and the policy of the church on that matter, as well as the "Second Advent" 
excitement, contributed their share in disaffection and alienation may be very 
true, yet it is evident that no division would have resulted but for the agita- 
tion on that fruitful source of difficulty, church music. As it was, some sixty 
members withdrew from the church. This secession finally organized into a 
"True Wesleyan" church, and built a small chapel on Charles street (now the 
Charles Street Free-Will Baptist church), where they flourished for a while. 
Like similar movements elsewhere, ho\\e\'er, it soon came to naught. Some 
few of those good people came back to the old church, some scattered among 
other denominations. 

Rev. Jacob Stevens succeeded Mr. Mason in 1844, and labored two years. 
March 15, 1845, there were two hundred scholars in the Sunday school. 

Rev. Samuel Kelley came to this charge as the successor of Mr. Stevens 
in 1846. Mr. Kelley's two years were prosperous. The church was repaired 
at a cost of about $900. 

Rev. Charles N. Smith followed Mr. Kelley as pastor in 1848, and con- 
tinued two years. Membership, 173 in full; 41 probationers. 

Rev. Justin Spaulding followed Mr. Smith in 1850, and served two years. 
Number of members in\85i, 180; probationers, 10; Sunday school scholars, 
228; raised for missions, $51. At the close of his second year, in 1852, 
members, 160, a loss of 20, probably by a needed revision of the records; 
probationers, 19: Sunday school scholars, 230; raised for missions, $105; 
salary, $500. 

Rev. J. C. Cromack came to the charge in 1852. He sen-ed two years. 
He had some revival, and left the church in good condition. His salary was 
$550. the largest ever paid up to this time. He reports at the close of his 
ministry in 1854, members, 212: probationers, 38; Sunday school scholars, 
240; raised for missions, $185. 


Rev. Lewis Howard was Mr. Comiack's successor, coming in 1854. He 
served two years. He reports at the of his second year, members, 220; 
probationers, 6; Sunday school scholars, 230; missionary money, $50. 

Rev. F. A. Hewes was Mr. Howard's successor. He died in i860 at South 
Newmarket, and was buried in our cemetery at Pine Hill. He reported at the 
close of his service, meml)ers, 225; probationers, 8; total, 233; raised for 
missions, $71; numl^cr of Sunday school scholars, 233. The church was 
frescoed and some other repairs effected during Mr. Hewes' sen'ice. 

Rev. Calvin Holman came to the pastorate in 1858. He served one year, 
and was then appointed presiding elder of Dover District. The salary was 
advanced to $700 this year. Members in 1859, 252; probationers, 47; total, 
299, a gain of 66 during the year; Sunday school scholars, 375. a larger 
number than at any previous time; missionary money, $73.10. 

Rev. James M. Buckley came in May, 1859. He reported at the conclu- 
sion of his two years, members, 293; probationers, 50; total, 343, a gain of 
44 in two years. 

Rev. Dudley P. Leavitt came in 1861, and served two years. At the close 
of his first year a total membership of 207, 19 of tliem being probationers. 
Number of scholars in Sunday school, 310; raised for missions, $115. 

Mr. Leavitt w as followed by Rev. Linville J. Hall, who served two years. 
During his terms the old vestry was abandoned, and a new and commodious 
chapel erected on the eastern side of the church, at a cost of more than 
$2,000. It contained a principal room, seating some 200 persons, used for 
general prayer meetings, and two fine class rooms. 

The parsonage also was removed to the site of the old vestry, and brought 
to face St. John street. .\n addition was built on the rear, and the whole 
building greatly improved in capacity and convenience. He reports at the 
close of his labors in 1865, 299 members and 26 prol>ationers ; total, 325. 
Sunday school scholars, 241, and $90 raised for missions. 

In April, 1865, the New Hampshire Annual Conference held its session 
in the Dover Church, Bishop Ames presiding. 

Rev. O. H. Jasper was appointed to the charge from this Conference. 
He served two years, commanding the respect and confidence of the church 
and the community by his ability as a preacher and his faithful pastoral 
administration. Tlie indebtedness of the society for the removal of the par- 
sonage and the building of the new chapel was liquidated. It being the 
occasion of the celebration of the centenary (A. D. 1867) of American 
Methodism, the people appropriated their contrilnitions in this direction. Mr. 
Jasper reports at the close of his lalx)rs, members, 250: probationers. 22; 
total, 272. Another sifting of the membership had evidently taken place. 
The Sunday school numbered 280. The largest sum was raised for missions 


of any year up to this time, $300. Mr. Jasper left the church in a healthy 

Rev. James Pike was appointed presiding elder, as Mr. Manson's suc- 
cessor, in 1867. He served four years from that date. 

Rev. R. S. Stubbs came as Mr. Jasper's successor in 1867. He had two 
good years. An extensive revival was enjoyed during his labors, which 
added considerable strength to the church. He reports at the close of his 
second year, in 1869, 259 members and 70 probationers. 

Mr. Stubbs was naturally desirous of remaining a third year in our 
pastorate, but this arrangement did not meet the approval of the "official 
board," that body having taken the ground that the old rule of two years 
should still be the maximum limit of pastoral service in the Dover Church. 
Mr. Stubbs was removed ostensibly on this ground, and naturally there was 
considerable discontent among some of the people, but no serious injury 

Rev. James Thurston was appointed as the successor of Mr. Stubbs in 
1869. He remained two years. He was received with unexpected cordiality, 
and sustained by a strong official board and a generous people. He hopes 
his ministry, so pleasant to himself and family, v,as not without its good 
fruits to the church and people. He found a large list of probationers left 
by his predecessor — seventy in number- -but was not able with his best efforts 
to find many of them, or to lead a large number of those he did find to full 
Christian life and church membership. Mr. Thurston's health was very poor 
during a part of his term of service, and failed entirely just at the close of 
his second year. He reports at the Conference of 1879, members, 310; proba- 
tioners, 8; Sunday school scholars, 263; collected for all benevolent pur- 
poses, $600, $300 being for missions. This was the largest sum ever yet 
raised for church benevolences. The salary was $1,300, the same as it had 
been for some three or four years previous. 

Rev. O. H. Jasper, D. D., was appointed presiding elder at the expiration 
of Mr. Pike's tenn in 1871. He served four years, having his residence in 

In 1871, Rev. M. C. Brittain, who had been transferred from the Balti- 
more Conference, was stationed at Dover. Owing to habits of intemperance, 
which he said he had formed in the navy, in which he had served as a chap- 
lain, he resigned the charge at the rec[uest of the official board and the 
presiding elder in December. He removed from the city soon after his 
resignation. The church was deeply affected with grief at this unfortunate 
event, but treated Mr. Brittain with the greatest kindness, and bore with him 
some time with charitable hopes of his refomiation, which was of no avail, 
notwithstanding his strong promises and feeble efforts. 

By request of the Quarterly Conference, and with the greatest concur- 


rence of tlic cliurcli and cungregatiun, llic presiding elder appDinted Rev. 
James Thurston, who was still residing in this city, as a supernumerary 
minister, to assume the pastoral charge of the church. Taking charge in 
January, he acted as pastor the rest of the Conference year, preaching occa- 
sionally as he was able, but supplying the [lulpil l)y help from abroad most 
of the time. This sad episode in our history resulted in less harm to the 
society than was feared, though a source of some discouragement and a 
slight loss. 

In 1872, Rev. C. W. Millen was appointed pastor, and reappointed in 
1873. A new house for the society's use on the Hedding campground was 
erectetl at a cost of $400. Mr. Millen reports at the Conference of 1H74, 
members, 290; probationers, 19; total, 309; Sunday school scholars, 302. 
Mr. Millen's salary was $1,500. 

Rev. Wilber F. Crafts came in 1874. Numbers in church in 1875, -6.S ; 
probationers, 80; total, 345, a gain of 55. Sunday school scholars, 353. 
Raised for missions, $218, $41 of which was by the Women's Foreign Mis- 
sion Society. 

The juvenile department of the .Sunday school was organized as a 
separate, though not independent branch, under the direction and care of 
Mrs. Crafts. 

Rev. O. \V. Scott came to the charge after Mr. Crafts, in 1875. 

It was decided early in the first year of Mr. Craft's lalxjrs to build a 
new church. This enterprise was commenced in .\ugust, 1875, and the elegant 
structure which now stands on the site of the old edifice was completed and 
dedicated to God by Bishop I-'osler, Septemljer 6. 1876. 

The old church, which had served its puriK)se for fifty years, though un- 
suitable for the uses of the society on account of limited capacity and ill 
ada])tali()n in style and convenience, was yet dear to the older members of 
the church, and given up with natural reluctance. 

The last service in it was held on Sunday. August i, 1N75. The ser\ ice 
of the laying of the corner-stone was observed on October 2, 1875, under the 
direction of Rev. Dr. Carrows. presiding elder of Dover District, who gave 
an address and laid the stone. The prayer for this service in the ritual 
was offered by Rev. J. Thurston. The singing was by the choir of the church, 
led by John S. Hayes. A large congregation attended, and the service was 
solemn and impressive. The stone contains documents giving an account of 
the building and demolition of the old edifice, the names of the pre.sent pastor, 
presiding elder, church officials, building committee, city pai>ers, coins, etc., 
closely sealed up in a copper box. 

The new church was dedicated September 6, 1876. It is built of brick, 
with basement entirely above ground. It is 56 feet wide and 100 feet long, 
exclusive of the chancel and tower projections, which make its entire length 


about 1 20 feet. Its walls from the ground are 45 feet high, and the tower, 
which is at one corner, has a height of 140 feet. The tower contains a 
chime of nine bells, with an aggregate weight of 8,600 pounds, costing 
about $3,600. These bells are of excellent tone. This is the only chime 
of bells in a Methodist Church in the world, except the Metropolitan at 
Washington. The basement contains a complete set of church rooms. Aside 
from the entries it has a lecture room, with seats for about 600 persons; a 
smaller vestry, with 175 sittings; a library room, opening into both these 
apartments, for the accommodation of both the adult and ju\enile divisions 
of the Sunday school ; a completely appointed kitchen, a parlor for the ladies' 
circle. The organ was built i>y Hutchins & Plaisted, of Boston, and cost 
$3,000. The church will seat nearly 1,000 persons. The entire cost of the 
building with furniture was $35,700. 

Rev. Morris W. Prince was appointed as the successor of Mr. Scott, and 
remained till 1879. L. C. I'ield was pastor from 1879 to 1880; C. E. Hall, 
1880-1881. The present pastor is the Rev. Elwin Hitchcock, who is the forty- 
third minister, in regvilar succession, and the church is in a prosperous 

The First Uiiiversalist Society was organized March 23, 1825. on which 
occasion Jonathan Locke was chairman, and J. H. Curtis, clerk. Hiram 
Rollins, N. W. Ela, Joseph Badger and John Moore were also prominent 
members. This society was reorganized in 1837, under the name of the Eirst 
Universalist of Dover. They have a neat house of worship, pleasantly 
situated on Third street. It was erected in 1837, and dedicated December 
8th, the same year. It cost $2,800. Rev. Rufus O. Williams was their 
pastor. He was installed May 23, 1838. Resigned his office May, 1841. A 
fine-toned bell was placed tipon the church November, 1842, at a cost of 
$375. It weighs 1.365 pounds. The church was publicly recognized with 
appropriate services December 25, 1838. Rev. Eben Francis was born in 
Boston, May 28, 1819. Began his labors in Dover June 6, 1841 ; ordained 
pastor October 13, 1841 ; dismissed 1844. 

His successors have been W. G. Anderson, 1845-46; J. G. Forman, 
1847-48; Thomas J. Greenwood, 1848-58; F. E. Hicks, 1858-61; Benjamin 
F. Eaton, 1862-66; E. Hewitt, 1868-70; J. Crehore, 1871-73; H. W. Hand, 
1877-78; J. Gorton, 1878-79. 

The house was sold in 1874. But the organization was preserved and 
worship was renewed in 1883. A new and elegant brick church of fine archi- 
tecture was erected on Central avenue by the munificence of Thomas W. 
Peirce, a former citizen of Dover, in commemoration of his parents. The 
building is called the "Peirce Memorial Church," and is an ornament to the 

The First Free-Will Baptist Church. Some time in or near the year 1824, 


indi\iduals, members of Free-W ill ]'>aptisl Churches in Ihc main \illage and at 
"Upper F'actory," began to assemble at the latter place for religious worship. 
In i8j6 a re\i\al was enjoyed. 

Organized September 15, i8_'6, with twenty-five members, at the house 
of Mrs. Webster, at Garrison Hill. Elder Roger Copp was moderator, and 
Samuel Davis served as clerk. September 2, 1827, the Lord's Supper was 
administered for the first time by Elder E. Place. Garrison Hill schoolhouse 
being too small for the asscml)ly, they gathered under some shady oaks 
near by. 

Meetings were held in Garrison Hill schoolhouse, old courthouse in oppo- 
site direction, in a hall in Sawyer's building on Landing, an unfinished room 
over the blacksmith shop on the hill, Main street, which took the name of 
"Iron Chapel," at Deacon Jenness' vestry under ('•. W. Wendell's house, 
corner of School and Main .streets, at the academy, and in many private 
dwellings in the village and at Upper Factory. 

October 27, 1830, steps were taken to purchase a lot and to erect a 
meeting house on (what is now known as) the corner of Chestnut and 
Lincoln streets. This was accomplished at a cost of $2,000, and May 
20, 1832, it was dedicated; sermon by Rev. A. Caverno. The strength 
and efficiency of the church was essentially in the women who worked in 
the factories, who, under God, were the soul of the movement in building 
a house of worship. In .Septeml)er, 1834, the church numbered 250. 

From 1838 to 1839 was a time of severe trials, resulting in a division and 
the formation of a new church (now Washington street). Lender the bless- 
ing of God, a precious revival followed. 

In 1843, under the labors of Elder Hiram Stevens, the church endured 
a severe shock from the intense excitement of Millerism, in which the pastor 
for a time was carried away. It soon recovered, by the help of God, from 
the injury received. From the unfortunatet trials of 1872 and 1873, ^^^^ 
the close of Rev. E. A. Stockman's pastorate, it has measurably reco\-ered. 

August 17, 1 85 1, the society abandoned its house of wor.ship on Chestnut 
street for a new^ one, remodeled at a cost of $1,500, on Charles street, 
since which time three thousand dollars or more ha\e been exi)ended in 
vestry, repairs and changes. The church has seen many trials, but it has 
also seen many precious revivals and many souls converted. Sixteen hun- 
dred have been members of the church, as near as can be ascertained by 
the records. 

Pastors: Andrew T. Foss, in 1827. one year and a iialf; Mayhew 
Clark, in 1829, short time; Nathaniel Thurston, in 1831, about three years; 
Enoch Mack, Octol^er, 1835, to May, 1837; A. D. Smith, Tune, 1837, about 
two years; Aaron Ayer, in 1839, about two years; Hiram Stevens, in 1842, 
about two years: S. W. Perkins, in 1844, some over one year; A. D. Smith, 


in 1846, three years; A. Caverno, in 1849, to April, 1852; Mooers Cole, 
August, 1852, to May, 1855; A. Caverno, May, 1855, to May, 1856; J. M. 
Durgin, May, 1856, to April, i860; James Rand, October 14, i860, to 
September 29, 1867; John Malvern, March, 1868, to September 24, 1871 ; 
E. A. Stockman, November 15, 1871, to January, 1873; Charles E. Blake, 
June, 1874, to July, 1875; E. W. Ricker, February, 1876, to March, 1882; 
H. V. Wood, May, 1882. The church was disbanded in 1899, several min- 
isters having served up to 1895. 

The First Unitarian Society of Christians in Dover. The first meeting 
for fonning this society was held August 28, 1827. The society was organ- 
ized on September 4, following. 

The first meeting for public worship was held at the courthouse, Novem- 
ber 4th of the same year, when Rev. Henry Wzrt, Jr., then pastor of the 
New Brick Church, Hanover street, Boston, and afterwards Professor of 
Pulpit Eloquence in Cambridge Divinity School, officicated. The house was 
built of brick, seventy by eighty-three feet, in the year 1828, situated on 
Locust street, opposite head of Kirkland street, and cost $12,000. It was 
dedicated, and Rev. Samuel Kirkland Lothrop ordained February 17, 1829. 
The dedicatory services were perfomied by Rev. Dr. Nichols, of Portland, and 
ordination sermon by Rev. Dr. Parker, of Portland. The church w^as 
gathered the evening previous. 

Mr. Lothrop was born in Utica, N. Y., October 13, 1804, was graduated 
at Harvard College in 1825, received his theological education at the Theo- 
logical School at Cambridge, and was approbated for the ministry August, 
1828. He was pastor of the church and society until May, 1834. He was 
succeeded by Rev. Edgar Buckingham, \\ho was ordained December 30, 
1835. He resigned June 17, 1839, ^""^ removed to Trenton, N. Y. Rev. 
John Parkman, native of Boston, Mass., graduated at Harvard College in 
1 83 1, had been settled in the ministry in Greenfield, Mass., and was installed 
pastor of this church and society April 22, 1840. He remained until 1849. 
His successors have been : 

Henry F. Bond, ordained May, 1851. 

Edwin M. Wheelock,^ ordained January 27, 1857, appointed chaplain, 
October, 1862, of the Fifteenth New Hampshire Volunteers. 

Francis E. Abbot, ordained August 31, 1864. 

Thomas W. Brown, settled December 15, 1869, left May 2, 1875. 

Charles A. Allen, settled September 5, 1875, resigned March 30, 1879. 

W. R. G. Alellen, began laljor October i, 1880, served several years and 
has had able successors to the present time. 

Franklin Street Baptist Church was constituted with thirteen members, 
and recognized in the usual form by a council on August 23, 1828. The 
names of members were John Alden, Samuel Chase, John Roberts, Dorcas 


Alden, Charity Woodward, Hannah W'entworth, Louisa A. Ayer, John 
Gould, Joshua W. Bazin, William E. Lord, Mary E. Harris, Sarah Went- 
worth, Sarah J. Ayer. 

Before organization, in March. 1828, Dev. Duncan Dunbar was invited 
to preach to this body of Baptist friends, and as a result of a few Sundays' 
stay three were baptized on profession of their faith. 

October 21, 1829, Brother Elijah Foster was ordained. On the same day 
the present church edifice was dedicated. The Rev. Elijah Foster continued 
pastor of the church till the spring of 183 1, when he received and accepted 
a call to the pastorate of the Inrst Baptist Church of Salisbury and Ames- 
bury, Mass. 

In December, 1832, Rew Xoah Hooper was elected pastor, and remained 
until July, 1833, when he was dismissed to become pastor of the Baptist 
Church of Sanbornton, N. H. At the same meeting of the dismissal of 
Rev. Mr. Hooper it was also \oted to call Rev. Gibbon Williams to the 
pastorate. He remained with the church until the summer of 1835. when he 
accepted the call of the church at Chester. 

In November, 1835, Brother Benjamin Brierly was ordained to the work 
of the ministry and settled as pastor of the church. His stay was nearly 
two years. 

In June, 1838, Brother Lucien Hayden, of Hamilton Theological Sem- 
inary, was ordained to the work of the go.spel ministry, and remained three 

The successor of Rev. Mr. Hayden was Rev. A. M. Swain, who came 
to the pastorate of the church in November, 1842, and remained until 
May, 1844. 

In Septeml>er, 1844, Rev. Oliver Ayer became pastor of the church. He 
officiated six years and eight months. 

Rev. L. D. Hill followed as pastor, coming to the work June i, 1851. and 
remaining a little more than two years. 

Rev. John Cookson succeeded him March 16, 1854. During his pastorate 
of one year alterations and improvements in the house of worship tn the 
amount of $550 were made. 

Brother Warren C. Clapp. a licentiate of the Franklindale Church, New 
'S'nrk. accepted a call from the churcli, and was ordained as its pastor May 
27. 1856. He remained si.x years. 

In .August, 1862, Rev. L. D. Hill was again called to the pastorate c' 
this church from Thomaston, Me., and officiated four years. 

Deacon John Gould, for thirty-fi\e years an office-bearer in the church, 
and one of its first deacons, a man greatly loved, died. 

In May, 1867, Rev. Alden Sherwin, of Brattleborough, Vt., accepted a 
unanimous call to the pastorate of the church, remaining until October, 1868. 


In September, 1S69, Rev. \\'illiam T. Chase commenced pastoral labors 
with the church. After four years and two months he was dismissed to 
the pastorate of the Baptist Church at Lewiston, Me. 

In February, 1874, Rev. A. Bryant was chosen to the pastorate, whose 
stay extended over a period of a year and two months. 

On the 30th of September, 1875, Brother Charles A. Towns was or- 
dained to the work of the ministry, and was settled as pastor of the church. 
He was dismissed May, 1881. 

Rev. Robert L. Col well became pastor in October, 1881, and ser\-ed several 
years: following him have been a number of able pastors, and the church 
has prospered. 

During the-first fifty years of its existence there have been added to the 
church 662 members, 411 of whom were baptized into its fellowship, and the 
remainder by letter and experience. 

The year following the organization of the church the Sunday school 
work was taken up, and has been engaged in ever since that time. 

Roman Catholic Church. Mass was first said in this town in the winter 
of 1826, by Rev. Virgil H. Barber, S. J. Among the prominent pioneer 
Catholics in Dover were William Ashcrott, John Burns, Francis G. O'Neill, 
Philip F. Scanlan and William McDevitt. 

Services were first held in the courthouse. May 17, 1S28, the corner- 
stone of the first Catholic Church was laid, and was completed and accepted 
in June, 1829. It cost $2,800. The church was consecrated September 26, 
1830, by Rt. Rev. Dr. Dominick Fenwick, of Boston. The rapid growth of 
the church demanded a more commodious church edifice, and in 1872 the 
present building was completed. 

The first regular pastor of the church was Rev. Father French, in 1S27, 
who remained two years after the erection of the first church edifice, and 
was succeeded by Rev. Father Lee, M. D., D. D. He remained three years, 
and was followed by Rev. Father McNamee, M. D., D. D. He officiated until 
1839, and was succeeded by Rev. Father Conovan, who stayed until 1855. 
Father McShane came next, succeeded by Father Brady. Next came Father 
Niccolo, who was followed by Father Drummond, assisted by the Rev. Father 
Blodgett, a convert, who was gi\-en full charge of the parish before he had 
been here a year on account of the feebleness of Father Drummond. 

Father Blodgett was one of the most able and enterprising priests that 
ever presided over this parish. It was through him that the New Hampshire 
House property and the new Catholic cemetery was secured, and, had he 
lived, he would have erected upon this property one of the finest churches 
in the state. Father Blodgett died May 15, 1881, and was the first priest 
to be buried in Dover. Rev. Father Murphy succeeded, and was soon given 


full charge of the parish, as Father Drummond became elemented, and died 
in October, 1882. 

Father Muq>hy improved ihe Xew lianii)siiirc iluu^e property l)v erecting 
on it one of the finest parochial schools in the county; he also remodeled the 
main building of the hotel for a nunnery. The present church was impro\cd 
at once, at an expense of thousands of dollars. New steam-heating a])paralus 
was put in. and the church was frescoed by one of tiie licst artists in lliat busi- 
ness. The parsonage was remodeled and extendeil under tiie supervision of 
Father Alurpliy. Since his death various other improvements have been made. 

St. TlioDias' Church. The first account of services in the vicinity of 
Dover in accordance with the doctrine and ritual of the Protestant Episcopal 
Cluirch of .America is to be found in the report of Rev. Ilcnrv Blackwaller to 
a convention held at Hopkinton, Wednesday, September 8, 1830. Therein 
he reports a flourishing parish by the name of St. Paul's Church, Great 
Falls. Somersworth. In the spring of 1831, Mr. Blackwaller removed to 
Salmon Falls to take charge of an Episcopal Church (Christ Church) just 
then established there. In the Convention journal of 1832, Mr. Blackaller 
reports that since the month of February, 1832, "he has held occasional 
services in the increasingly populous village of Dover." Friday evening, 
February 15, 1832, he reports "that our venerable prelate (the late Right 
Rev. Alexander V. Griswold) preached in the Congregational place of wor- 
ship in Dover on the doctrines of the church before a numerous and respec- 
table audience, with much apparent interest to all present." He adds that a 
church of our order is much desired by several respectable families in Dover, 
and expresses a belief in its ultimate establishment and success. The per- 
manent establishment of this church in Dover is not due entirely or chiefly, 
however, to the efforts of Mr. Blackwaller, but rather to the veneral)le 
rector of St. John's Church, Charlestown, Mass., the Rev. Thomas R. 
Lambert, D. D., who in 1839, being chaplain in the navy, began the regular 
services of the church in what was then Belknap School, a wooden building, 
then situated on Ciuirch street, since moved to Third street, and occupied 
for business purposes. September 2, 1839, gentlemen interested in the forma- 
tion of a church met in this schoolhouse and entered into an association for 
this purpose. The signers of the original articles of association were Asa .'\. 
Tufts, Richard Steele, Caleb Duxbury, Thomas C. Oakes, William Wil- 
liamson, Thomas Hough, Stephen Hardy, William Johnson, Daniel Hallam, 
Samuel H. Parker, Sanborn B. Carter, Thomas R. Lambert, Charles Hus- 
band, Edward Husband, Thomas Hampton, James Duxbury, Charles W. 
Woodman, John Duxbury. The church was called St. Thomas' Church. 

December i, 1839, Rev. William Horton, before rector of Trinity 
Church, Saco. became rector of St. Thomas' Church, Dover. In 1840 a lot 
of land was bought on what is now the corner of Central and St. Thomas 


street, then a part of the Atkinson estate. A church building was erected 
and finished January, 1841, at the cost of $5,800. The first service was held 
in the new church January 17, 1841. The church was consecrated by Bishop 
Griswold, March 17, 1841. August, 1841, the parish consisted of sixty 
families and forty communicants. Rev. Mr. Horton resigned his rectorship 
November 10, 1847. The Rev. Thomas G. Salter became rector December 
12, 1847. In i860 gas was put into the church, and the church bell was 
hung. July i, 1861, Mr. Salter resigned his rectorship, and September i, 
1861, Rev. Edward M. Gushee became the rector. During our late Civil 
war Mr. Gushee was chaplain of the Ninth New Hampshire Regiment, and in 
his absence Rev. Charles Wingate officiated as rector. Mr. Gushee resigned 
in April, 1864. December i, 1864, the Rev. John W. Clark became rector. 
Mr. Clark resigned September 16, 1866. February 3, 1867, Rev. George 
G. Field was chosen rector. Mr. Field resigned August 16, 1868. Rev 
John B. Richmond became rector November 8, 1868. During the rectorship 
of Mr. Richmond the church building was altered inside and out, and its 
seating capacity increased. Mr. Richmond resigned April 29, 1876, and 
was succeeded by the Rev. Ithamar W. Beard, who was chosen rector, and 
entered upon his duties November 5, 1876, and served to November, 1898. 
During his pastorate the beautiful house of worship was built on Hale street. 
At present the number of families in the parish is about 150; the numljer of 
communicants, 106; the Sunday school, 150 teachers and pupils. The parish 
has been subject to the usual changes incident to a manufacturing town. It 
ranks perhaps third or fourth in order among the parishes of this church in 
New Hampshire. 

Washington Street Frec-lVill Baptist Church. The church was organ- 
ized in the Central street vestry, February 4, 1840. The first covenant was 
signed by thirteen persons, as follows : William Burr, Enoch Mack, Tobias 
Scruton, Jonathan C. Gilman, Asa H. Littlefield, M. D. L. Stevens, E. B. 
Chamberlain, Alfred Scruton, Lucy Y. Foss, Eunice Colbath, Elance Fuller, 
Chloe Holt, Mary Willard. 

Of these none is now living. The first settled pastor was Rev. J. B. Davis. 
He entered upon his pastorate November i. 1840, and remained but one year. 

The subsequent pastors have been as follows: Rev. A. K. Moulton. 
settled in 1841, remained one year; Rev. R. Dunn, settled in 1843, remained 
one year; Rev. Elias Hutchins, settled in 1845, remained thirteen years; 
Rev. Charles E. Blake, settled in 1866, remained but one year; Rev. Willet 
Vary, settled in 1859, closed his labors in 1866; Rev. I. D. Stewart, settled 
in 1867, remained until 1874; Rev. G. C. Waterman, began his pastorate in 
1874, and closed in 1879. The Rev. Frank K. Chase tegan his pastorate in 
October, 1879. ^"^1 served until 1892. Since then four pastors have served, 
and the church is prosperous. 


Tliree hundred and thirty-six converts have been baptized by the pastors. 
The whole number connected with the church to date is about seven hundred 
and ten. The church has always been forward in all benevolent work, has 
been actively engaged in the Sunday school work, and has enjoyed the 
presence and counsel of many noble men and women. Upon all great moral 
questions she has spoken w itii no uncertain voice. 

The services were held at first in the Central street vestry. When that 
became crowded they were removed to what was then known as the "Bel- 
knap schoolhouse," standing in the rear of the First Parish Church. After 
that the services were held for a time in the old courthouse. The first house 
of worship owned by the society was the building on Washington street now 
known as the Odd Fellows building. 

This was dedicated September 21, 1S43. During the pastorate of Uev. I. 
D. Stewart the society sold out its interest in this building, and erected its brick 
church on Washington street. This was dedicated October 28, 1869. 

On the morning of Tuesday, May 2, 1882, a fire broke out in a small brush 
factory near the church. The lire soon spread to the church itself, and in 
a painfully short time the church was a mass of smouldering ruins. In the 
afternoon a heavy wind blew the northern gable over. The bricks fell upon 
the audience room floor, crushing it like an eggshell. 

A number of persons were standing in the vestry, and five of them were 
buried beneath the ruins. Four of these were taken out alive. The fifth, 
Judge John R. Varney, was not missed until late at night. A midnight 
search was made, and he was found crushed and dead under the bricks and 
broken timbers. 

At an informal meeting of the society, held on \\'ednesday evening, in 
the chapel of the First Parish, it was decided to acccj)! the offer of the 
Belknap L'hurch, which was then without a pastor and not liolding regular 
services. The first service in this church was held Sunday, May 7th. The 
rebuilding of the church, much improved, was completed in 1882. 

Belknap Congregational Church. This church was the result of public 
worship begun in the town hall In- Rev. Benjamin I'. Parsons, after his resig- 
nation of the First Church, from which he was dismissed September 3, 
1856. A Sabbath school was organized July 6. 1856, with forty-five scliolars. 
A society was organized July /, 1856, and tlic church September 3, 1856, 
with forty-four members. The corner-stone of the house of worship was laid 
July 4, 1859, and the house was dedicated December 29, 1859. K.c'^- Mr. 
Parsons was dismissed, on his resignation. Octol)cr 24, 1861. His successors 
in service have been Charles H. Pratt, James B. Thornton (began December, 
1861), E. A. Spence, Ezra Haskell ( liegan in 1862), Charles C. Watson 
(installed July 11, 1867), J. W. Savage, Frank Haley, Isaiah P. Smith, 
James De Buchananne, from 1877 to 1882; Ezra Haskell, 1889-1895; R. K. 


Jones, 1895-96. The church was closed until 1910. when services were 

The Advent Christian Church was organized May 4, 1881, by a body of 
Christians who had worshiped in houses and halls since 1843, having been 
literally without a resting place during that period. They erected a house of 
worship in 1881-82, on the corner of St. Thomas and Atkinson streets, which 
was dedicated April 16, 1882. Since then five able ministers have served as 

At a meeting of the society and its friends in the spring of 1881, George 
E. Durgin, John Brooks, and William H. Vicery were appointed to contract 
for the building of a house of worship. 

It was built from the plans and under the direction of George Brown, 
the architect, at a cost of $5,000 — Jacob Emery, contractor and builder. 
The seats are free and the church is supported by free-will offerings. 




The various forms of government under which the people of Dover have 
lived have been progressive. During the first decade, 1623 to 1633, it does 
not appear that Edward HiUon and liis associates were governed by any 
except the Common Law of England and such formal agreements they were 
under to those with whom they iiad dealings, in the way of trade, in England. 
Being a small community, they had no need for a formal code of by-laws. 
They conducted business just as they would have done in England. 

When Edward Hilton secured his grant, March 12, 1629-30, renewing 
and confirming what he had obtained and occupied for seven years, under 
the Thomson grant of 1622, there appears to have been quite a number of 
Bristol men, in England, names not known, who became financially interested 
with Hilton in his endeavor to increase the number of settlers. These Bristol 
men appointed Capt. Thomas Wiggin as their agent to act for them in con- 
junction with Hilton, and Captain Wiggin came over in 163 1 and spent 
a year with Hilton, prospecting, and he made up his mind it was a good 
place to bring a colony for an enlargement of the settlement Hilton had 
already made. He returned to England in 1632 and spent another year in 
doing missionary work among his well-to-do acquiantances to induce them to 
emigrate and take possession of the grand opportunities which Hilton's plan- 
tation presented on the Pascataqua in New England. When he had perfected 
his arrangements, he brought over a shipload, in the ship James, and they 
landed at Salem, Mass., October 10, 1633. The number was about thirty — 
ships were small in those days — "some of whom were of good estate and some 
account for religion," that is to say, they were Puritans. The report says they 
had been eight weeks between Gravesend and Salem. They took ship imme- 
diately for Hilton Point on the Pascataqua, Captain Wiggin writing from 
that place to friends in England in November. They at once commenced the 
settlement on Dover Xeck. cutting "Hight street" from Pomeroy Cove to 
the top of Huckleberry Hill. Captain Wiggin, acting as Governor, granted 
house lots along the street, as he had been given authority to do. About that 
time, it is said, the Bristol company (land speculators) sold their interests to 



the Puritan lords, Say and Crook, George Willys and William Whiting 
(another group of land speculators). These men continued Captain Wiggin 
in authority, as Governor, or agent, or business manager, with authority to 
issue land grants, and be chief ruler among the people. He held this position 
until 1637. 

In the autumn of 1637 the people formed a "combination" for govern- 
ment, and Rev. George Burdett was placed at the head. Up to that time it 
does not appear the settlement had any special rules of law, or by-laws, more 
than the laws in force in England and Captain Wiggin's dictum of what to 
do and what not to do. Simple fact appears to be that Captain Wiggin 
withdrew to his plantation on the east side of Great Bay, as Hilton had 
withdrawn to his big land estate at what is now Newfields, and the rest of the 
settlers deemed it necessary to make a formal organization to maintain 
order and keep peace and harmony. As was perfectly natural, they chose 
their minister, Mr. Burdett, for the head officer, whatever you may be pleased 
to call him. He ser\'ed one year. His successor was Capt. John Underbill, 
who became Governor and commander of the militia in November or Decem- 
ber, 1638. He continued in office until ^Jarch or April, 1640, but remained 
commander of the militia until 1642. Thomas Roberts succeeded Captain 
Underbill as Governor and "president of the court," and served two years, 
until the town came under formal control of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 
in 1642, in accordance with the vote of the townsmen in town meeting, 
held in October, 1641. In 1642 Dover became a town in Norfolk County, 
Mass., and so remained nearly forty years, when New Hampshire was 
brought into existence as a province separate from Massachusetts, so far as 
courts and local laws were concerned. 

That the people of Dover had a combination for government under their 
minister. Rev. George Burdett, has been shown by a letter of that person 
dated November 29, 1638, wherein also it appears that he had held the 
power as chief ruler for the preceding year in such a combination. Whether 
this combination had dissolved, or whether a new one might be considered 
more binding, or the old one was not sufficiently formal, a new one was 
entered into on October 29, 1640. This document is the oldest extant record in 
Dover history. It is as follows ; 

"Whereas sundry mischiefs and inconveniences have befaln and more and 
greater may in regard of want of civill government his Gratious Ma"° haveing 
hiteherto setled no order for us to our knowldge: 

"Wee whose names are underwritten being Inhabitants upon the River 
Pascataquack have voluntarily agreed to combine ourselves into a body 
politique that wee may the more comfortably enjoy the benefit of his Ma"" 
Lawes together with all such Orders as shallbee concluded by a major part 


of the Freemen of our Society in case tiicy bee not repugnant to tlie Lawes 
of England and administered in the liehalfe of his Majesty. 

"And this wee have mutually promised and concluded to do and so to 
continue till his Excellent Ala"'' shall give other Order concerning us. In 
Witness whereof wee have hereto set our hands the two and twentieth day 
of October in the sixteenth yeare of the reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles 
by the grace of God King of Great Britain I'rance and Ireland Defender of 
the Faith &c. Annoq Dom. ] 640. 

"John Follet, Robert Nanney, William Jones, Thillip Swaddon, Richard 
Pinckhamc, Bartholomew Hunt, William Bowden, John Wastill, John 
Heard, John Hall, Abel Caniond, Henry Beck, Robert Huggins, Thorn. 
Larkham, Richard Waldern, William Waldern. William Storer, William 
Furbur, Tho. Layton, Tho. Roberts, Bartholomew Smith, Samuel Haines, 
John Underbill, Peter Garland, John Dam, Steven Teddar, John Ugroufe, 
Thomas Canning, John Phillips, Tho : Dunstar, Fran : Champernoon, Hansed 
Knollyes, I'Ldvvard Colcord, Henry Lahorn, Edward Starr, James .Xulc, 
Anthony Emery, Richard Laham, William Pomfret, John Cross, George 
Webb, James Rawlins. 

"This is a true copy compared with y" Originall by nice 

"Edw. Canfield. 

"The Combination for Government by y'' people at Pascataq 1640 Rec'd 
abt. 13th l-'cbr. S2-3." 

This combination appears to ha\'e embraced all the imi>ortant names in 
Dover. We miss those of Edward Hilton and Thomas Wiggin, but both 
those persons had removed outside the limits of the patent. On the roll is 
the name of Underbill, the commander of the military forces, although he 
was still continuing his machinations for union with Massachusetts; Knollys 
and Larkham, the two clergj-men, of university education, soon to be at 
the head of rival factions; William Walderne and William Pomfrett, suc- 
cessively recorders; Edward Colcord, an unpleasantly active citizen, to whom 
Hubbard gives an apocryphal governorship; Roberts, president of the court; 
Emery, a wealthy landowner, ancestor of judges; Starbuck, an elder in the 
Dover church; Hall, whose beautful farm on the Great Bay became the 
foundation of the great modern properties of his descendants, the March 
and Peirce families; Rawlins, whose picturesque lands on the Piscataqua 
are still held by descendants of his name, and whose posterity numbers judges 
and senators; Champernoon. in whose veins ni)\\e<l the bhjod of tlu' I'lantage- 
nets, and no less honored in being the kinsman of Gill^ert and Raleigh; 
Richard Walderne, many years a Speaker of the Massachusetts Assembly, 
and commander of the soldiers of New Hampshire in years of Indian war- 


fare. Of the whole at least fifteen are still represented on Dover soil by 
descendants of their own name. 

From the date of this combination there has been an uninterrupted gov- 
ernment, town and city, to the year 1913, 273 years. That combination was 
purely democratic. It originated with the people and by the people and for 
the people. It began with the first element of native rights, that of estab- 
lishing a government by the popular voice, and without consent of king or 
lord. At this time the interests of the lords, Say and Brook, had ceased ; 
by what arrangement with the settlers is not recorded. When those high- 
rank Englishmen bought the interests of the British company which sent 
over Capt. Thomas W'iggin in 1631 to investigate the locality here, they were 
purposing to come here themselves and put their time and their money into 
building up a colony that would ri\al and surpass John Winthrop's colony 
at Massachusetts Bay, which had lieen located at Boston in 1630. In antici- 
pation thereof they sent over their proposals for a form of government. 
They would have two classes only take part and ha\e power in public 
affairs. These two they called, the one class "gentlemen," the other class 
"freeholders." They, themselves, were coming here to live and. with such 
others as they should select, were to be the upper class called gentlemen, 
from whom alone the magistrates could be chosen, and, moreover, these 
gentlemen were to be an hereditary upper house in the government, pre- 
cisely like the English House of Peers. The Dover sentiment positively 
refused to accept the hereditary proposal. They would ha\e no House of 
Peers. The result was that not long after this proposition was rejected the 
noljle lords. Say and Brook, dropped out of New England historv, and 
the settlers in this town thereupon established a simple democracy. The 
Dover of today, with its city form of go\-ernment, is in spirit the Xortham 
of 1640. 

Although in the year following, namely 1641. the people consented to 
come under the general government of Alassachusetts, and did so come in 
1642, they chd so upon two conditions. One was that the people here should 
have their own courts ; the otlier was that they would not consent to the 
Massachusetts law thab none but churcli members should have the right 
to vote. In this A\ay Dover people preserved the right of local self-govern- 
ment and nurtured that spirit which has always characterized our people. 

Thus it is manifest that the political history of Dover did not begin with 
a general government, but was first, and the government developed from it. 
Dover was never incorporated. The name of the town was Northam when 
the people voted to come under, or ratlier unite with Massachusetts. It was 
made one of the towns of Norfolk county, and the representatives who 
were sent to the Massachusetts General Court were among the leading men 
of the Bay Colony. The town continued to transact its own local aft'airs in 


its own town meetings, being subject only to the general laws that were 
enacted by the General Court. It was the sole grantor of lands within its 
limits, and its citizens held these lands in fee simple. It levied and collected 
its own taxes. It made its own nninicipal regulations. The town records 
contain many examples of this sort; just what the local conditions demanded; 
tKey they did not ask the General Court to do anything of this kind for them. 
They decided in town meeting whether or not a man might become a resi- 
dent among them. Not every one who came along was allowed to reside 
in its settlements; they looked carefully at the quality of its citizens. They 
did not require everybody to become a member of the Church to have the 
right to vote, but they took good care that none but reputable men were 
made freemen and voters in town meetings. No man could be taken out 
of his neighborhood for trial as to his person or property; the local courts 
had entire control in such matters. No person or soldiers could be drawn 
out of Dover without the consent of the town. 

Dover was under the authority of the general laws of Massachusetts 
for forty years. It sent its Representatives to the General Court ; they 
called them Deputies. Maj. Richard Walderne was one of the number 
many times and was seven years Speaker of the House in that General 
Court, and was one of the most influential men in that ofidcial body, but his 
constituents kept close watch of liini and the Court. Dover repeatedly 
passed such votes of instruction as this: "You shall stand to maintain our 
privileges by virtue of our articles of agreement and bring the proceedings 
of the Court that concern us in writing." And again : "In town meeting 
voted orders for the Deputy to the General Court: He shall not with his 
consent pass any act impugning our privileges, but shall enter his dissent 
against all such acts." And again: "You shall stand to maintain our priv- 
ileges concerning military affairs that we may not be drawn out of our 
county of Dover and Portsmouth according to our first (1641) agreement." 
These instructions were not solely for Deputy Walderne, but for every 
Deputy the town sent to the Massachusetts General Court. They did not 
have newspapers in those days, so when the Court was through its session 
Major \\'alderne had to read his report of the proceedings, and laws enacted, 
to the people assembled in public meeting in the meeting house on Dover Neck. 
No doubt the leading men cross questioned him closely, as he read his reports. 

At the end of forty years, the same number that the Patriarch Moses led 
the Israelites in the \\'ilderness, the New Hampshire towns were made into 
the Province of New Hampshire, which made its own laws but had a 
common Governor with Massachusetts. In 1742 the province was separated 
completely from Massachusetts and had its own Governor. In 1775 the 
Province changed to a Colony, and very soon to a State. Dover men took 
an active and important part as the various changes were made, through 


wars and revolutions. Dover continued the town meeting form of govern- 
ment down to 1856, two centuries and a quarter. The town had grown so 
numerous that the town meetings were very unwieldy bodies to govern and 
transact public business in an orderly and satisfactory manner, so in 1855 
the New Hampshire General Court granted the petition of the citizens for 
a city charter. The last regular town meeting was held March 13, 1855; 
Joseph Dame Guppy was moderator. The selectmen elected were Charles 
Clement, Daniel Hussey and David Steele ; town clerk, Amasa Roberts ; Rep- 
resentatives to the General Court, Daniel M. Christie, Nathaniel Wiggin, 
James Bennett, William S. Ste\ens, Ivory Paul and Edmund J. Lane. These 
were the last before the city government Avas organized. The last special 
town meeting was August 15, 1855: Charles A. Tufts was moderator. At 
this meeting the city charter was accepted, and the ancient town meetings 
came to an end. The first city election was held in November, 1855, at 
which Hon. Anrew Peirce was elected mayor, and the city government was 
organized on March 25, 1856. 


HISTORY Ol- 1K)\ l'.|<; (\T) 


I'\(llii\\ iiiij are some nf llie most im|)iirl;mt (.'vciits in llie history of Do\'er, 
mentioned in the order of tlieir oeenrrenee. Tliere are others, hnt these 
are milestones which will mark the jciurney of the school hoy and school girl 
and every student in search of l)o\er histcjry. The complete story of each 
one would make an interesting chajiter, hut that will not he attempted in 
this work. 

First, \(^.22'. The heginning of settlement of llilton Point in thi.- spring 
of 1623, hy Edward Hilton and his party. 

Second, 1633: The arrival of Capt. Thomas W'iggin's company in Octo- 
ber, 1633. They organized the \■illa^■e on l)o\er Xeck, and estahlished the 
First Parish. 

Third. 1638: ThL' organization of the h'irst Church in Decemljcr, i<')38, 
hv the i\ev. Hanserd Knollys and L';\[)l. John I'nderhill. 

Fourth, 1640: The C'omliination .Agreement for government of the 
Dover settlement, signed in 1640, Thomas Roberts being Governor. 

Fifth, 1642: The vote in 1641 to unite with the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony, which union was completed in iC)|2, which remained in force, jirac- 
tically, a half century. 

Sixth, 1643: Settlement of the boundary line between lUoody Point and 
Strawberry P>ank by commissioners from the Massachusetts General Court. 
Practically the line now between Portsmouth and Ncwington: the latter town 
was "Bloody Point in Dover" until it was made a sei)arate town by the Pro- 
vincial Assembly in 1712 with the name of Newington. 

Sez'oith, 1642: Beginning of the settlement at "Cochecho in Dover." and 
the erection of a sawmill and gristmill by Richard Walderne, later known 
as "]\Iajor Richard," at the falls east of Central avenue bridge. He was 
granted fifteen hundred trees, either oak or jiine, for the accommodation of 
his sawmill he was shortly to erect. 

Eighth, 1650: Grants of waterfalls to various persons for sawmills, 
with timber adjacent, at the second falls of the Cochecho. and the second 
falls of the Xewichawannock. 



Ninth, 1652: Disputes about boundaries of sawmill grants. 

Tenth, 1652: Capt. Richard Walderne contracted to build the meet- 
ing house, on Meeting House hill, Dover Xeck, between April, 1653. and 
April, 1654. And it was so built. 

Eleventh, 1652: The boundary of Dover was fixed by a committee 
appointed by the General Court, consisting of William Payne, Samuel Wins- 
low and Matthew Boyse. The territory included what is now Dover, Som- 
ersworth, Durham, Madbury, Lee and Newington. 

Tzcclflh, 1662, December 22: Order by the Court, Richard Walderne 
presiding, for the expulsion of the Quaker women who had made disturbance 
in town ; and they were whipped and expelled in accordance with the order. 

Thirteenth; 1665 : F'eter Coffin was authorized to "Build a Turrett upon 
the Meeting House for to hang the Bell which we have bought of Capt. 
Walderne." It was built and the bell was hung. It is supposed that the tra- 
dition is true that that bell forms a part of the bell metal which composed the 
old bell on the First Parish meeting house. 

Fourteenth, 1666: Various persons were warned out of town as being 
undesirable inhabitants. 

Fifteenth, 16G7: Left. (Peter) Coffin engaged by the selectmen to build 
a fort around the meeting house, one hundreed feet sc]uare, with two sconces 
sixteen feet square, all of timber twelve inches thick, and the wall to be eight 
feet high with sills and braces. 

Sixteenth, 1675: The beginning of Indian wars in 1675 which continued 
fifty years, ending at Knox Marsh in 1725. The first garrisons were built in 
1675. There had been no trouble with the Indians in Dover up to that date. 

Seventeenth, 1675 : The advent of the Capt. John Mason claimants in 
1675, who demanded rent from every land owner; and the settlements here 
on the Pascataqua river were then first called "New Hampshire." 

Eighteenth, 1674: The first execution of white men in any of the Pas- 
cataqua plantations. The record says : "A fisherman about Pascataqua 
had two servants, who in anger conspired to kill yr master, did so, tooke his 
money & fled, but were taken & both executed." W'here they were hung is 
not stated, but probably on Dover Neck. 

Nineteenth, 1678: Rev. John Pike came to Dover and became minister 
of the First Church November i. He commenced keeping a diary which is 
of great historical value. 

Tzventicth, 1679: September iS, the union with Massachusetts was dis- 
solved at this date by royal proclamation. John Cutt was appointed president 
of the province with a Council of six of the principal inhabitants, of whom 
Richard Walderne of Dover was one. Agreeably to the royal direction these 
six chose three other gentlemen into the Council, of whom John Clements 
of Dover was one. President Cutt nominated Major Walderne to be his 


deputy, or vice-president, and John Roberts marshal. That was tiic begin- 
ning of New Hampshire. Dover is fifty-six years older than New Hampshire. 

Twentieth, 1685 : The attempt of the heirs of Capt. John Mason to 
obtain possession of lands claimed by them, and the countenance which they 
recei\ecl from the courts which had been established for that very purpose, 
at the instigation of Governor Cranfield, led to forcible resistance on the 
part of some of the inhabitants in Dover. Executions were issued for the 
arrest of Major Waldeme and other principal citizens of Dover. 

Tzventy-Hrst, 1689, June 27-8: Destruction of Cochecho, in which 
Major Walderne's garrison was burned, as also Richard Otis' garrison, and 
their bodies were burned in the buildings, etc. 

Tzi'e)tty-scco)id, 1690: End of the provincial government of 1680. Steps 
taken to return to a union with Massachusetts, as before 1679. 

Tiventy-third, 1691 : New Hampshire reorganized as a province, with a 
Lieutenant-Governor, having the same Governor as Massachusetts. 

'ficenty-fourth, 1694: Massacre of settlers at Oyster river, on July 17. 

Twenty-fifth, 1709: The first pound at Cochecho Falls was ordered 
built this year. 

Twenty-sixth, iju: Meeting house built on I'inc Hill by the residents 
of Cochecho. 

Tzventy-seventh, 1715: Place for town meetings changed from Dover 
Neck to the meeting house on Pine Hill. 

Tivcnty-cighth, 1717, September 18: Rev. Jonathan Gushing was 
ordained as minister of the First Church, which position he held fifty years. 

Twenty-ninth, t~24, August 27: Ts date of the end of Indian wars in 
Dover, when the house of John Hanson at Nock's Marsh was attacked by 
the Indians, two of his children killed, and his wife, maid servant and four 
children carried to Canada, prisoners. 

Thirtieth, 1744: Capt. Samuel Hale raised a company of Dover men 
and was in command of them at the capture of Louisburg in 1745. He was 
a noted schoolmaster in Dover for two or three years preceding that war and 
later far more famous as a schoolmaster and public official in Portsmouth. 

Thirty-first. 1754, April 22: The parish of .Somersworth incorporated 
as a town. 

Thirty-second, 1755: Madbury was made a parish separate from Dover. 

Thirty-third, 1758: A new meeting house was built on Tuttle square, and 
the old house on Pine Hill was torn down in 1760; the last town meeting 
was held there March 31, 1760. 

Thirty-fourth, 1762: First Parish was incorporated by the Provincial 
Assembly, to be distinct from the town. 

Thirty-fifth. 1768: The parish of Madbury was set off from Dover and 
made a town. 


Thirty-sixth, 1772, November 10: This day Rev. Jeremy Belknap, min- 
ister of the F"irst Church, preached a sermon before his Excellency John 
Wentworth, Esq., Governor of His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire, 
at a review of the Second Regiment of Foot, at Dover, in said province; 
and met so favorable a hearing that the officers requested a copy for the 
press, which was granted. (Life of Doctor Belknap.) 

Thirty-sixth, 1774: Beginning of the Revolution. Dover men in town 
meeting took patriotic action. 

Thirty-seventh, 1792, June 6: The State Legislature held its first and 
last session in Dover this year. It closed its work on June 22. During the 
session there was a presentation of an opera, called the "Beggar's Opera," at 
the theatre in Dover. The entertainment on another evening was Garrick's 
"Satyracal Farce Lethe, or Aesop in the Shades." 

Thirty-eighth, 1805, May 17: The Dover turnpike road from Dover to 
South Berwick was opened to public travel. 

Thirty-ninth, 1817: President Monroe visited Dover in July this year 
and was given a grand reception. 

Fortieth, 1821 : The corner-stone of the new factory was laid on the 
4th of July, with Masonic ceremonies; Col. Andrew Peirce delivered the 
address. Ihe Xail Factory was also set up at the Lower Falls this year. 

Forty-first, 1825 : General Lafayette's visit to Dover in June, this year. 
He was given a grand reception. 

Forty-second, 1824-1830: Period of great religious excitement and dis- 
cussion. Division of the First Church and formation of the First Unitarian 
Church. The Unitarians dedicated their brick church on Locust street Feb- 
ruary 18, 1829. The First Parish dedicated its new brick church December 
31, 1829. 

Forty-second, 1840: The turnpike road from Dover to South Berwick 
was made a free road February 7, by decree of Court of Common Pleas. 

Forty-third, 1841 : Boston & Maine Railroad was opened for business 
at the west side of the cut through the hill at Washington street, September 
1st, and the company held its annual meeting in Dover. 

Forty-fourth, 1842, June 30: Cars of the Boston & Maine Railroad 
crossed the Cochecho for the first time, arriving at the new depot on Frank- 
lin square at 10:30 o'clock, which, with the bridge across the river, was com- 
pleted a few days before. 

Forty-fifth, i860, March 2 : Abraham Lincoln addressed a mass meeting 
in the city hall, Dover. The hall was packed to the doors. 

Forty-sixth, 1861, April 15: A mass meeting of citizens was held m 
the city hall to take action in relation to President Lincoln's call for 75,000 
volunteer soldiers. The first recruiting office was opened April 17, by 
George W. Colbath, and in three days more than one hundred and fifty men 
had volunteered. 



Dover Neck is that section of Old Dover which is separated from Hilton 
Point by Ponicro3''s Cove, over which the Portsmouth & Dover Railroad 
crosses. It is bounded on the east by Newichawannock river, on the west by 
Back ri\cr. on the south l)y the Pascalaqua river, and on the north by "Upper 
Neck," winch is the land included between three rivers, Back river on the west, 
Cochccho river on the north and the Newichawannock on the east. The 
ground is level for a third of a mile above Pomeroy's Cove and Sandy Point, 
then rises gradually to the summit of Huckleberry Hill, a distance of a mile 
or more. It was on this hill that Capt. Thomas NViggin's company settled 
in the fall of 1633. It is a beautiful location; no finer view of hills, rivers, 
bays, broad fields and forests can be found in New Hampshire. It was on this 
hill the first meeting house was build in New Hampshire, and the outlines 
of where the second meeting house stood are yet preserved and properly 
marked. The First Church owns the land. Margery Sullivan Chapter D. A. 
R. paid the expense of constructing a wall along the roadside of tlie lot and 
enclosed it with iron rails, that mark where the stockade was placed when 
it became necessary to fortify it against possible attacks by the Indians, about 
1 670. But they never made any attempt to attack the settlement on the Neck, 
although they wrought havoc all around it. 

The hill slopes gently to each river. For convenience the inhabitants 
called the river on the east Fore river, and that on the west Back river. Along 
the summit of the hill they built a road and called it Fligh street. This was 
the business street of the settlement. About an eighth of a mile from this, 
toward Back river, they built another road and called it Low street. Between 
these, at various points, were cross streets called lanes, some of which also 
extended down to landings on Back river. Back Cove especially was a busy 
shipping point on that river. The historic "Hall's Spring" is near there and 
was marked with a curbing a few years ago by Col. Daniel Hall, a lineal 
descendant of Deacon John Hall, from whom it received its name. 

There were also lanes, at several places, from High street to shipping 
points along Fore river. The dwelling houses were along each side of Higli 



street, and also along Low street. Each householder had an acre or two of 
land connected with his house, on which he raised his garden stuff and had his 
various outhouses for whatever work he carried. The cooper business was 
especially flourishing. Everybody had a trade and everybody worked. There 
were no gentlemen of leisure or lords of manors. Every known trade in 
England was in some way represented b}- a tradesman who was an expert 
in that line of business. .Ml the boys were compelled to have a trade. If 
they could not be instructed by their parents they were set to "serve their 
time" of apprenticeship w ith someone competent to properly instruct them to 
become good workmen and good citizens. 

It was in the fall and a\ inter of 1633-34 that Captain Wiggin and his men 
staked out the bounds of the village and began clearing the forest. It must 
have been a very busy time, and strenuous work was put forth in muscle 
and brain to cut down the trees, convert the logs into houses, clean up the 
brushwood and keep comfortably warm in the cold weather. The winds 
from the northwest blew very cold there in winter, having a clear sweep 
from the mountains in the White mountain region. It is easy to understand 
why those sturdy Englishmen built their first meeting house under the south- 
west protection of the hill ; it was a warmer place, less exposed to the fierce 
blasts and blinding snowstorms from the east. Twenty years later, when the 
village had become well built up with substantial houses and other comfort- 
able surroundings, they then built the historic meeting house on the summit of 
the hill, ready to withstand fierce winds, howling storms and all sorts of 
weather, and they had leisure hours to enjoy the beautiful, grand and pic- 
turesque views, as you can see them today. 

At the beginning Captain Wiggin is said to have had authority to make 
allotments of land to each man. Just how he did it there is no record. There 
is no record of when the first town meeting was held. It is doubtful if they 
held any as long as Captain Wiggin remained in supreme control as governor. 
Of course they had their parish meetings from the beginning. As they had 
a minister, one of the first public undertakings was to build a meeting house 
for him to hold the services in on the Lord's Day. The fair inference is that 
the parish meetings antedate the town meetings by several years. Probably 
the era of town meetings began when the first "combination" was fonned in 
1637. When the town meetings came to be a fixture, the right of making 
grants of land to individuals, which Captain ^^'iggin exercised as long as he 
was in control, was assumed by the town meetings, and it was in those meet- 
ings that all grants were made, as long as there was any public land remain- 
ing in control of the town. 

As tourists pass along High street, now the State road, they do not, from 
present appearance, have anything in view to indicate this locality was the 
busy center of business, with two streets lined with dwelling houses and 


places of business. Yet for ninety years this was "Dover," and when you 
read history of the times, up to and past 1700, and Dover is referred to, this 
is the locahty, and. not where the present city building stands. What is now 
called the Dover Point road was called the "road from Dover to Cochecho." 

The cellars can now be traced by hollows in the fields and orchards, where 
for a hundred and fifty years was a wry I)usy and prosperous business center. 
There was the meeting house in which religious meetings, town meetings, 
courts and public assemblies in general were held. In the early years near by 
were the jail and the stocks. On the bank of I'^ore river is the spot where the 
first brewery and the first tannery were Iniilt in Xcw Hampshire. For a great 
many years shii)l)uilding was largely engaged in at sliipyards on Fore river. 
At a cove about a mile and a half al)ove I'omeroy's Cove a frigate was built 
for the English navy before 1660, being the first ship of its kind built on this 
side of the Atlantic. In the next century Capt. Thomas Millet, who came 
there in 1720, was a famous sliipbuilder and sailed his ships after he built 
them, and while he was away his wife. Love Bunker, bossed the shipyard 
work and kept everything in perfect order until tiie Captain returned from 
his voyage to the West Indies. An apple tree is now standing near where his 
house stood, which he set out 190 years ago; it was brought over from Fng- 
land in a tub ; it was kept in a tub in order to keep it properly watered while 
on shipboard. 

It was here at the meeting house that the Quaker women were tried in 
a court held by Ricliard \\'alderne, and were sentenced to be whipped and 
sent out of town ; and it was here the order liegan to be executed, and not at 
Chochecho, as the poet Whittier states in his poem. It was here that from 
time to time all the great men of the period assembled for business that con- 
cerned various public interests. The great shipping point of the town in those 
years was Sandy Point at Pomeroy's Cove, the landing place of the first 
settlers. The cause of the change to the present conditions of that of a farm- 
ing district is easy to explain. Business changed as the i)rovince progressed. 
The young men went to points where new business called them. The old 
men died. The deserted houses went to ruin. The cellars were filled. The 
fanners changed the land into fertile fields and flourishing orchards. But 
the far-reaching landscape of land and water remains as beautiful and grand 
as ever. 



What is called Cochecho-in-Dover for the first seventy-five years of its 
existence, has been the leading part of the town since 1715; it is the business 
center around which cluster the chief manufacturing interests. Hilton's 
Point began to be settled in 1623; Dover Neck, which for several years was 
called Northam, until 1652. began to be settled in 1633; Cochecho had its 
first beginning in 1642, when a grant of land at the lower falls was given to 
Richard Walderne, who later won fame as Major Walderne. Up to that year 
the water had run undisturbed. In that year is the first we find notice of them ; 
the settlers had been too busy elsewhere to come here. On the ist of the 6th 
mo. 1642, granted Walderne fifty acres on the north side of the falls. This 
grant covered the territory up as far as New York street and up the river 
to Fourth street bridge. On the 30th 6th mo. 1643 the town gave him 
another grant of sixty acres on the south side of the falls, so he came into 
control of the waterpower here, and it remained in possession of his family 
one hundred and seventy years, the last of his descendants who owned it 
being Daniel Waldron, as the family had come to spell the name. 

Major W'alderne built mills on both sides of the river; a sawmill on the 
south side and a grist mill on the north. In 1649 Joseph Austin bought a 
quarter part interest in the south side mill. In 1671 Peter Coffin bought a 
cjuarter interest of Walderne's south side mill. Mr. Coffin lived in a house 
that stood on Orchard street, near the \\'illiams belt factory about where the 
south end of Freeman X". Davis" bowling alley now is, Ijut the house stood on a 
hill as high as the roof of that building is. The hill was cut down when 
Orchard street was constructed, up to which time it had remained in posses- 
sion of the Coffin family, more than two hundred years ; and the street was 
called Orchard street because the Coffin orchard covered the ground west of 
the house. 

Major Walderne's house stood where the east end of the courthouse 
stands and out near to Central avenue ; that house was made a garrison by a 
stockade around it about 1673, when the Indians began to become dangerous; 
it was burned June 28, 1689, when the great massacre took place. The land 



about the falls passed from the possession of the Waldron family in 1821 to 
William Payne, of Boston, and a beginning was made of what finally merged 
in the Cochecho Manufacturing Company, and which recently became merged 
in the Pacific Mills Company of Lawrence, Mass. Payne street had its name 
from this founder of the great company. This was the beginning of things; 
we cannot go into details. The first printing of calico in these works was 
under the superintendence of Dr. A. L. Porter, who was succeeded before 
1830 by John Duxbury, a thoroughly experienced printer, who had learned 
his trade in England. The original printery was in No. 5 mill and other 
buildings near, but now removed. The last printing of calico here was in 
1912, following which tiie machinery was removed to Lawrence, much to the 
regret of all Dover people. For more than four score years the establish- 
ment had sent goods to market equal to the best product of the best mills in 
New England or the whole manufacturing world. 

From the close of the War of the Revolution until the introduction of 
cotton manufacturing, the town grew somewhat slowly. Its population in 
1790 was 1,998; in 1800, 2,068; in 1810, 2,228; in 1820, 2,871, which by 
i860 had increased to 8,186. the valuation at that time being $3,629,442. It 
was, so far, a farming and shipbuilding town. P)Ut with the erection of cot- 
ton mills a change came over the place. The succession of sawmills, grist 
mills, fulling-mills, oil mills, and nail factory, finally merged into the 
"Cochecho Manufacturing Company" (now the Pacific Mills Company). To 
this enterprise alone must be ascribed the steady growth and commercial pros- 
perity of Dover. 

In 1841 the opening of the Boston & Maine Railroad, and the construc- 
tiMU. after 1850. of tlu' Cocliecho railroad to .Mtem. to ioili of which Dover 
people contributed lil)erally, had a marked effect upon the business of the 
town. W'iiile its local trade and interests were on the increase, its importance 
as a distributing point for interior trade declined. The Dover-Packet Com- 
pany, which had for many years given life and activity to the wharv'es and 
storehouses on the river, soon discharged its last cargo, the Landing ceased 
to l)e tlie center of business, which from this time gathered around the rail- 
road station and the streets leading to it. In 1847 the introduction of slioe 
manufacturing for the southern and western markets added largely to the 
business of the place, employing after a few years a large capital, and in a 
good season more workmen tiian any other industry. The shoe business is 
now flourishing here better than ever before. 

The act incorporating the city of Do\-cr was signi.-(l June 29, 1855, and 
was accepted by the citizens at a town meeting Iickl .\ugust 15. 1855. The 
first mayor. Andrew Peirce, took the oath of office March 25, 1856, and the 
city government was then inaugurated. The first attempt to change from 
town to city government was made in 1850, and the proposition was voted 


down by a very large majority. Gas lighting was introduced September 20, 

The schools of Dover are regarded with much favor In- our citizens and 
large appropriations are devoted to their use each year by the city government. 
They are under the control and direction of a school committee consisting of 
fifteen members, each ward electing one member annually for two years, the 
remaining members being chosen by the city councils. Their sanitation, 
heating and ventilation are carefully attended to, and the course of study 
prescribed is judiciously selected to meet the requirements necessary for the 
imparting of a sound education to the pupils. The high school is situated on 
Locust street, next to the public library, and is an imposing and beautiful 
building, w holly up to date. It was erected in 1904 and put into use in the fall 
of the following 3'ear. Its curriculum is of the highest order. It has an 
excellent commercial course; manual training has been introduced, as well as 
domestic science. The teaching force number forty-six and the total enroll- 
ment of pupils is 1,398, exclusive of the parochial school. There is also a 
well managed and largely attended business college, where pupils are fitted 
for commercial pursuits. 

The parochial schools in the city are also largely attended. The authori- 
ties of St. Mary's parish have recently completed a very large and beautiful 
schoolhouse, technically called St. Mar}''s Academy, in which they have every 
con\enience for doing first-class work in teaching boys and girls, from the 
lowest grade to the end of a high school course. 


These mills are located on the Bellamy Bank river, about a mile from the 
Cochecho Falls. They are run by the waterpower of the three lower falls, 
with added steam power, as also a reservoir in Harrington. The tide water 
of Back river reaches to the lower mill and is navigable for coal barges and 
power boats of moderate siz. The Portsmouth & Dover Railroad has a 
station there, about sixty-eight miles from Boston. From small beginnings 
it has grown into a iarge establishment. The mills are equipped with 
machinery of the latest and most approved patterns. It passed from control 
of the Sawyer family to the American Woolen Company about fifteen years 

The business was commenced by Alfred T. Sawyer, who came to Dover 
from Marlborough, Mass., in 1824. 

The Great Falls Manufacturing Company then owned all of the water- 
power on the Bellamy Bank ri\er in Dover, having secured them Ijy pur- 
chase made through the agency of Isaac Wendell, in 1823-24. They had also 


secured land covering the outlet of Swain's Pond, in JJarrington, upon wliicli 
now is built the reservoir dam. 

Alfred I. Sawyer leased of the company the privilege near the bridge, upon 
which was a grist mill called the "Lil^hey Mill." .\nullier building was erected 
in i8_>6 in connection with the grist mill, and on the same fall, in which he 
carded rolls, fulled, and dressed cloth. In 1832 he bought the Hanson Cotton 
Factory at Bellamy, moved and erected it on the falls about twenty rods 
below. In this mill he commenced the manufacture of woolen flannels with 
one set of machinery. The business prospering, the mill was enlarged, another 
set of machinery added in 1837. 

In 1845 Mr. Sawyer bought of the Great Falls Manufacturing Company 
all of their rights in the property, and continued the business without inter- 
ruption until his death, which occurred in 1849. The business then passed 
to his brother, Zenas Sawyer, 1849-50; Z. & J. Sawyer, 1850-52; F. A. & J. 
Sawyer (Francis A. Sawyer, of Boston, and Jonathan Saw-yer, of Dover), 
1852-73, when Charles H. Sawyer was admitted, and the concern incor- 
porated as the Sawyer Woolen Mills. 

In 1858 the property now known as the lower mill was purchased, with 
the two sets of machinery which it contained. 

The Great Falls Manufacturing Company sold this property in 1845 to 
C. C. P. Moses, and on the site of the old foundry, which had been operated 
by William and Daniel Osborne, he built a brick mill, in which he manu- 
factured paper until 1855, when it was changed into a flannel mill. After it 
was purchased by F. A. & J. Sawyer, the old machinery was replaced by 
new, and the mill gradually enlarged to its present capacity. The old mill, 
before mentioned as started in 1832, was continued in operation until 1872, 
when it was replaced by the present structure. 


The foundations of the present business of Isaac B. Williams & Sons 
belt factory was laid by the senior ]!artner in 1842 in the manufacture of 
belting for the Cocheco Manufacturing Company. 

In 1 87 1 the firm name became I. B. Williams & Son. Frank B. Williams 
having been taken into the partnership. In 1875 the business had outgrown 
its quarters in the Cocheco Manufacturing Company's buildings, so that 
larger and better facilities were needed to sup])ly the increased demand for 
their goods, and a large and valuable property on Orchard street was pur- 
chased, and so added to and remodeled as to afford the desired facilities. 

In 1878 George H. Williams was admitted to the partnership and the 
firm name changed to I. B. Williams & Sons. Since then the senior member 


of the firm has died and the junior member has withdrawn, but the firm name 
remains the same under ownership of the elder son, Frank B. Williams. 

In 1882 the firm, by reason of still increased and increasing trade, were 
compelled to tear down and entirely rebuild their factory, having in the mean- 
time purchased an adjoining property. A large and handsome brick building, 
four stories high, one hundred and forty feet long by forty-five feet wide, 
with a tower, containing elevators and stairways, five stories high, now cover 
their land. 

The factory now contains all the modern machinery required to produce 
in all respects a perfectly reliable belt, all of which are manufactured from 
the finest of oak-tanned leather, finished and perfected in their own building 
under the fimi's own immediate supervision and inspection. 

Their goods are sold throughout the United States and South America, 
and the factory has grown to be one of the largest in the country. 


iiiSTom' ()!• i:)n\i:K ( ixi 


The Sawyer Memorial Observatory on Garrison Hill was dedicated 
August 2, 1913, at which Mr. John Scales delivered the following historical 
address, which seems appropriate for publication in the volume of "Strafford 
County Historj-:" 

The first mention of this hill in Dover records, or anywhere else, is in a 
grant of land to Elder William Wentworth dated 5 December, 1652, two 
hundred and sixty years ago, which says : 

"To the northward of half-way swampe * * * on the north side of 
John Heard's 40 acre lot * * * and so along the carte waye that Raenelh 
to the marsh forty roedd in Breadth and one hundred sixtie Roedd in lenktli."' 

Same date : 5 acres of upland 

"near the Great Hill at Cochechoe, on ye east side of ye Great Hill one 
hundred Roedd in length and the north of the Cartwaye fower scoer Roedd 
in Breadth." 

Elder Wentworth had several other grants of land east and north of the 
Great Hill. It is impossible to define the boundaries, except one mill grant 
on Fresh creek, with any exactness. But the land is east and northeast of 
this hill, on the eastern side of the road down there which leads to Somers- 
worth, and west of north of Fresh creek tide-water. The Boston & Maine 
Railroad runs through the west side of the land, and the turnpike cuts through 
it on the east side. It is further identified by the fact that the part, perhaps 
the central part, is still in the family name, having come down uninterruptedly 
from Elder William \\'^entworth, the present owner being William H. 

It was there that he lived; and the Elder's burial ])lace is on a knoll in the 
field east of and near to the railroad. 

The "half way swamp" which has been mcntidned in the land grants was 
the low ground west of the Cartway and southeast from Great Hill. It w as 
so called because it was half way from Cochecho Falls to the Great Cochecho 



On the same date, 5th, 10 mo: (December) 1652, John Heard was given 
a grant of fifty acres, "under the Great Hill of Cochecho, on the south side 
below the Cartway. A freshet (brook) is mentioned the same day as "coming 
out of the marsh beside the Great Hill at Cochecho.' " 

The name Garrison Hill was originally given to the hill o\er which the 
ancient Cartway, now Central avenue, passed, and took its name from Heard's 
garrison which stood near ^\here the Bangs house stands. That was the 
garrison nearest the summit of Great Hill, but there were several other gar- 
risons around it. After Ebenezer Varney came into control of the land by 
his wife, a granddaughter of Richard Otis, and he and his wife built the Ham 
house at the foot of the hill, about 1694, it began to be called Varney 's Hill 
and so continued to be named until about eighty years ago, when the land 
passed out of the name Varney, ha\ ing been purchased by John Ham, father 
of our esteemed fellow citizen, John T. W. Ham; after that purchase, in 
1829, instead of calling it "Ham ?liH" the people began to call it Garrison 
Hill, transferring the name from Central avenue to the whole elevation. 
There have been various owners of diiYerent parts of it from time to time, 
but in 1888 the summit here was owned by Joseph Ham and Harrison Haley, 
and that year they sold eight acres of it to the city, which now constitutes 
the Garrison Hill Park. The city purchased it in order to place the reservoir 
here; but the city fathers "Patres Conscripti," builded better than they knew, 
for henceforth with this massive observatory here it will be the city's most 
popular park, and the pride of its citizens, who will delight to take their 
guests here and show them one of the most picturesque, grand and far-reach- 
ing views to be seen in New Hampshire, or New England, outside of the 
White Mountain summits. The ground on which this observatory stands is 
298 feet above the head of tide water at Cochecho Falls, just below Central 
avenue bridge. At the close of my address I will tell you what can be seen 
on a clear day from the upper balcony of this observatory. 

Rev. John Pike, in his journal, says, in 1704: "May 28, Sacrament day. 
An Ambush of 4 Indians lay betwixt Tristram Heard's and Ephraim Went- 
worth's upon the north side of (Great) Hill, but were happily discovered and 

This Tristram Heard lived in the garrison which his father, John Heard, 
built and which stood near where the Bangs house now stands. He was 
born there 4 March, 1667; he escaped the Indians in 1704, but about twenty 
years later at Cochecho he was killed by them in 1723. 

I have spoken of the land grants made to Elder William Wentworth and 
to John Heard (Hurd) in 1652, by the town of Dover. There was another 
grant of land to Richard Otis in 1655, about two years and a half later. 
Mr. Otis had several grants, the first was "26th 9 mo. (Nov.) 1655. Ten 
acres located as follows: 'Forty Rod on the Cartway, on the west side of the 


land from his house, and forty Rod north cast from liis house, and forty 
Rod a piece on the other two sides.' " 

His house stood where tiie present llutchins house stands, in from tlie 
street and north of the parsonage of St. John's Methodist Episcopal Church. 
The next year, 1656, a few mondis after this grant, "Richard Otis had fifty 
acres of land given unto him." Tiiis was north of and adjoining his first 
grant on the west side of the Cartway, now Central avenue. It was laid out 
and bounded by William W'entworth, Ralph Hall and John Hall. Later in 
the same year the town granted him one hundred acres of land on the west 
side of the "Great Hill," and the selectmen established the bounds. That 
made 160 acres of land owned by Richard Otis on the southwest side of the 
"Great Hill" in 1660, and he retained the ownership until he was killed by 
the Indians, and his garrison house was burned thirty-three years later, June 
28, 1689. The exact boundaries of that 160 acres, of course, cannot now be 
determined, but it certainly included the southwest side of this hill, where the 
Ham house is and down to the Hutchins house. The Cartway was where 
Central avenue is, and the land adjoined it on the east side. 

In this connection you may be interested to know how the age of the 
Ham house is determined. 

When the Indians began to be troublesome, about 1675, Mr. Otis built 
his garrison on the w'est side of what is now Mount Vernon street, a short 
distance from Milk street. He lived there until he was killed by the Indians 
and his son Stephen lived in the old house, where the Hutchins house now 
stands. Stephen was killed by the Indians at the same time his father was, 
and some of his children were carried to Canada and never returned to 
Dover. But he had a daughter, Mary, who was born about 1675, and married 
Ebenezer Varney about 1693, and they built the house soon after they were 
married. It required some time to settle the estate of Stephen Otis after th.e 
massacre of 1689, and thus enable Mary Otis, his only heir remaining in 
Dover, to get possession of it and build a house on it. But she finally forti- 
fied her title (in her husband's name) by deeds from the Canada heirs and 
quitclaims from the others. Of course Mr. Varney would not have built the 
house you see down at the foot of the hill until he got possession of the land; 
and he could not get possession of the land until he married Mary Otis ; but 
she could not get full title to it, to transfer it to her husband, by marriage, 
until the estate was settled, which rcHpiired three or four years, at least. Thus 
the building of the Ham house is reasonably fi.\ed at 1693 or '94. And .so, 
in the course of years, when the Varney family came into possession of the 
whole hill it took the name "Varney Hill," and the smaller hill, l^etween the 
present Bangs house and Stevens house, retained the name (larrison Hill, and 
the village there was the Garrison Hill village. I'-ut for the last three-quarters 
of a century the "Great Hill" has been called Garrison Hill. 


At the massacre in June, 1689, the Heard (Hurd) garrison was saved 
through the instrumentahty of Elder W'ilHam Wentworth. Why he iiap- 
pened to be there that niglit instead of at his home over the other side of the 
hill here has never been explained, so far as I have been able to find out, but 
he was there, and when he heard the Indians coming up the hill he ran and 
closed the gate to the palisade enclosing the yard around the house, and lay on 
his back with his feet against it and held it until the people in the house were 
roused by his cries for help and came to his assistance. Elder Wentworth 
was aroused from his sleep by the barking of the house watch-dog who 
scented the approach of the Indians from afar. 

Ebenezer Varney was a Quaker; so being a non-combatant and friendly 
in his treatment of the Indians, they never troubled him or the Varney fam- 
ilies who inherited the house and the Great Hill after him. It remained in 
possession of that Varney family until 1829, when John Ham bought it and 
in a few years, 1837, he gave it to his son, Joseph Ham, father of the present 
owner of the house, Miss Theresa Ham. This brings my story down to a 
speaking distance of the present generation. I have heard Mr. Ham say that 
he had plowed and planted crops all over the top of the hill here. 

At some period after the Civil war the late Harrison Haley became part 
owner of the summit here and in the autumn of 1880 they completed the con- 
struction of the first observatory, erected on the same spot on which this 
grand structure stands. This enterprise was the outcome of the construction 
of the Horse railroad. The observatory, as finally completed, was sixty-five 
feet high, on the upper deck. It was built by Mr. B. D. Stewart, at a cost of 
about one thousand dollars. In a description of it, given at that time in a 
circular by Mr. Haley, he said : "Its construction is similar to one at Coney 
Island, N. Y., and that on Davis' Hill, Philadelphia, with open balconies, so 
as to afford unobstructed views. The highest balcony affords a view of rare 
beauty, characteristic of New Hampshire ; the great distant ring of the horizon 
is rugged and broken with a continuous chain of hills, somewhere in the south- 
east the distant ocean shows its line of blue. The late Hon. John P. Hale, 
on his return from Europe, said, in a public address : 'That of the hills he 
had visited in any country, none for beauty and variety of scenery surpassed 
Garrison Hill.' " 

Gazing upon scenery thus charming, one is reminded of Whittier's beau- 
tiful lines : 

Touched by a light that never dies, 

A glory never sung. 
Aloft, on sky and mountain wall, 

Are God's great pictures hung. 

Just here I want to say a word in honor of the memory of Harrison 
Haley. If it had not been for Mr. Haley, Dover would not have had a horse 


railroad; if tliat road had not been constructed Mr. Haley and Mr. liani 
would not have built the observatory in i88o; also if Mr. Haley had not 
pushed through the construcliuu of the horse railroad when he tlid, there 
would have been no electric road started through Dover to Soniers worth by 
Henry W. Burgett, when he took hold of the job and substituted electric 
power lor horse-power in moving the cars; it is doubtful if we should have 
the electric cars today; certainly not until many years later, some time perhaps 
in this twentieth century. 

-Mr. Haley was a good, Christian business man. He helpetl build u]) 
Dover in many ways, for which he never received his proper credit. He was 
a man of good sense, good judgment and always ready to lend a helping hand 
to every good cause, so far as his means would permit. Of course there 
were men in his time of activity here, who thought they knew a good deal 
more than Mr. Haley did; perhaps they did, but those wiser ones never did 
half as much for Dover's advancement as he did. It is not necessary at this 
time to further enumerate his good deeds. 

The observatory was completed in the autumn of 1880; that was thirty- 
three years ago ; a third of a century has passed into history when we stand 
here to dedicate this beautiful and substantial structure, which is its suc- 
cessor. Thirty-three years; how old are some of you young folks here 
today? Those who are forty now were only seven-year-old kids then, and 
of. course cannot remember much about "the beginning of things" here as a 
pleasure resort. You who are fifty can recall the luany pleasure trips you 
made here. You remember the spacious roller skating rink that was erected 
northerly of where the reservoir is; roller skating was then the most fashion- 
able diversion young people could engage in; baseball and golf now are poor 
comparisons with it; you ladies and gentlemen of fifty remember how you 
used to do it. John Wheatland Caverly was the manager of the rink and was 
one of the most popular men in town, among the young folks. He deserved 
his popularity, courteous, generous and upright in all his dealings. Now, 
and for many years he has resided in Lynn, Mass. Sad to say, he has been 
blind for a number of years and otherwise <>ut of healtli ; l)ut that same, 
cheerful, hopeful spirit abides in his heart. It is well that we should recall 
his memory here today in connection with 'Mv. Haley and the old obser\alory. 

In May, 1888, the city councils comjileted the purchase of eight acres of 
the summit of the hill, and soon after workmen commenced digging a hole 
for the big basin to hold the water for use in the city; that put an end to its 
previous use as a pleasure resort ; temporarily at least. The electric road took 
the pleasure seekers to Burgette park, and the skating rink was taken down, 
the material removed to the iiark and set uf) again, and in which are the 
bowling alleys, billiard tables, etc., for the use of visitors. By the way, in 
passing allow me to express the opinion that the name Burgette park never 


ought to have been changed to Central park. But for Mr. Burgette it is very 
improbable that we should have had a park then, or now. It was his energy, 
shrewd judgment and pusli that created it; circumstances and financial con- 
ditions beyond his control forced him out of the management and then he was 
further robbed of the name. 

The observatory continued to be visited quite frequently in the years 
that followed the placing the reservoir there, but on Sunday, June 27, 1897, 
it was set on fire by the carelessness of some smokers, who dropped a match, 
or lighted a cigar, and all efforts to save it proved in vain. Everybody felt 
grieved at the loss. The city council did not feel rich enough to rebuild it. 
Everybody said there ought to be an observatory here ; but nobody ever 
expected to see one take the place of Haley and Ham's grand "Outlook." 
And yet. here we are today dedicating its successor. And how comes it? 
What of the donor? Ex-Mayor Nealley has told you something about 
Mrs. Sawyer, by whose generous will the observatory stands here as a memo- 
rial of her beloved husband. Now let me give you a brief sketch of that 
gentleman, Joseph Bowne Sawyer. 

Joseph Bowne Sawyer was born November 20, 1832, in the house in 
which he died, down at the foot of the hill, on Central avenue, Tuesday after- 
noon, July 5. 1905, in his se\'enty-third year. He was the son of Levi and 
Hannah (Pinkham) Sawyer. Mr. Sawyer built the house in 1825. In the 
Do\'er directory of 1837 he is mentioned as "blacksmith and wheelwright." 
Later he was much engaged in real estate business and prospered in what- 
ever he undertook, being a man of good judgment, correct habits and indus- 
trious. He died about 18O7, being one of the last of the old-fashioned 
Quakers, who have a good record in Dover history. Mr. Sawyer was 
descended from good New England stock. His grandmother was ^^lary 
Varney, a lineal descendant from Ebenezer Varney, who built the Ham house, 
and of Richard Otis, who was killed by the Indians June 28, 1689. Mrs. 
Clarence I. Pinkham, 171 Mount Vernon street, who is clerk of Society of 
Friends in Dover and vicinity, kindly furnished the correct statement of 
Mr. Joseph B. Sawyer's ancestry, as shown by the Friends' records, which 
are the best kept of any of the old records in the city. 

Levi Sawyer was born in Dover 8th, 11 mo: 1791, son of Stephen Sawyer 
and Mary Varney, who were married at Dover 3d, 4 mo: 1778. Said Mary 
Varney was born in Dover 17th, 8 mo: 1756, daughter of Paul Varney and 
Elizabeth Hussey, who were married at Smithfield 7th, 2 mo: 1742. 

Said Paul Vamey was born in Dover i8th, i mo: 1715-16, son of Eben- 
ezer and Mary Otis- Varney. 

Hannah Pinkham Sawyer was born in Dover 17th, 5 mo: 1804, daughter 
of Joseph Pinkham and Betty Green, who were married at Hampton 19th, 
I mo: 1788. 


Said Joseph Tinkham was born in Dover 14th, 8 mo: 1757, son of Paul 
Pinkham and Rose Austin, who were married. 

Said Paul Pinkham was born 3d, 4 mo: 1730, son of Otis Pinkham and 
Abigail Tebbetts, who were married at Dover 22d, 9 mo: 1721. Said Otis 
Pinkham was born in Dover, son of John Pinkham and Rose Otis (Richard 

Joseph B. Sawyer's mother was a most excellent woman. She was one of 
the speakers who presided at the services in the Friends' meeting liouse at 
Pine Hill, and a leader in good works in many ways. It is said by those 
who knew her best that in cases of sickness she was equal to the best of 
modern trained nurses. So of sucli good, old Quaker stock was Joseph 
Bowne Sawyer. 

In 1885 Prof. E. T. Quimby of Dartnunilh College had a camp on this lull 
for several years in working up tlie coast survey; from liis memoranda tluis 
obtained he made a map of all the elevations and mountains that could be seen 
from the old observatory. That map is in the city clerk's office, and from it 
I obtained the infonnation which I now give to you. 

1. Directly north there is no object with a name; but the water tower of 
Somersworth is slightly to the east of north, and Carter mountain (Dome) 
slightly to the west of north. Carterdome is 85 miles distant. 

2. .\lmost directly east is Agamentacus, 9 miles. 

3. Directly west is Northwood Ridge, 19 miles, with Green Hill in 
rington, slightly north of west, 5 miles away. 

4. Slightly west of south is Stratham Hill 12 miles, and slightly west of 
that, Bunker Hill 14 miles. 

Now, beginning at the north and scanning the horizon from north to west, 
on a clear day from the upper platform of the observatory you can see the 
following in order; of course you will keep in mind that the more distant are 
behind and not by the side of the nearer. Next to Carter Dome is Mount 
Washington, 85 miles. A little west of that is Chocorua, 54 miles. Next 
Parker Mount, 25 miles. Next Teneriffe, 18 miles. Next Moose, 25 miles. 
Next Major, 25 miles. Next Cropple Crown in New Durham, 25 miles. 
Next New Durham hills, 22 miles. Next, near at hand, is Haven's Hill in 
Rochester. Behind that, from 20 to 25 miles, are ]\Iount Molly, Devil's 
Den and Mount Bet. 

About northwest is Chesley's Hill, 15 miles, behind which are Guilford 
mountains, 33 miles. Then Hussey, 15 miles. Then more of the Guilford 
mountains, 35 miles. Next, and only 15 miles distant, is Blue Job. Next 
is Sander's mountain, 15 miles. Right in line with it is Long Hill in Dover, 
3 miles. Next is Blue Ridge (or Parker's Mount) in Strafiford, 17 miles. 

Almost directly west, beyond Green Hill in Barrington, 23 miles away, is 
Catamount. Next south of that is Northwood Ridge, 19 miles; south of that 


Epsom mountains, 2t^ miles; next to that Saddleback, i8 miles; then comes the 
three Patuccawas in Nottingham, i8 miles; 14 miles away, and slightly south 
of these is Nottingham Square. The next elevation south of that is Red 
Oak Hill, in Epping, 15 miles. Nearer at hand and next south is Lee Hill, 10 
miles. Beyond Lee Hill, 23 miles, is the Danville. This brings us to the 
hills in Newmarket and Exeter, 10 and 18 miles distant. Then you are 
around to Bunker and Stratham hills almost directly south. 

Beginning at the north and scanning the horizon from north to east, we 
have first the water tower at Somersworth and nearer at hand 2_!/^ miles away, 
Ricker Hill, more properly Otis Hill, as Richard Otis, I have already spoken 
of, was the first man to have the grant of it from the town of Dover. Salmon 
Falls village is about northeast, and Ouamphegan Hill, in South Berwick, 
is between Salmon Falls and Agamenticus, 9 miles distant. South of Aga- 
menticus is Third Hill, 6 miles; close by it Frost's Hill, 6 miles. 

In the southeasterly direction are the Isle of Shoals, 22 miles. The flag 
and chimney in Kittery, 10 miles; \\'hite Island Light, 21 miles; Wentworth 
House, 13 miles; North Church in Portsmouth, 11 miles; Dow's Hill in 
Newington, 9 miles; Greenland, 12 miles; Hampton, 20 miles; Great Bay, 
Little Bay, Pascataqua river and the Atlantic ocean. 

There is another incident in connection with the history of Garrison Hill 
that had fatal results. It is in connection with the old cannon you can see 
on the ground of the south side of the observatory, only a few rods distant. 
In brief, the story is this : 

When James Buchanan was elected President in 1S56 the victorious Dem- 
ocrats planned to celebrate their grand victory; they planned to have an 
immense parade, fireworks, and an oration in the city hall, and to fire a salute 
of one hundred guns, if they could get a cannon with whicli to do it. Money 
was subscribed and the campaign committee went to Portsmouth navy yard 
in search for a gun. They found there two cannon for sale, one of which 
they purchased. It had been captured from the British in the War of 181 2- 15. 
It is niarked on one hub "24 P" (24 poimder) ; on the other hub "82481, 
Capron, 1814," that is, it was made at the Capron Iron W'orks, England, in 
1814. The committee felt sure they had secured a great bargain. They 
engaged Joseph Young to bring it up the ri\er. on a gundalow, to Dover 
Landing. From the Landing it was transported to Garrison Hill by a team of 
three yoke of sturdy oxen; Jefferson Canney handled the goad. B3'standers 
who witnessed the loading of the gun onto the ox-cart made a bet that 
Mr. Canney's team could not haul the gun up Garrison Hill, but he won and 
the prize of the wager was a fine yoke of oxen. The gim was placed on the 
westerly side of the hill, and all was made ready to fire the grand salute. 
With proper ceremony the campaign committee christened it "The Constitu- 
tion." Near the gun they had a large collection of pitch-pine knots and tar 


Ijarrels fur a grand hunfirc wliich might l)e seen from tlie mountains to llie 
sea. The orator for the meeting in the city hall was Col. John H. George of 
Concord. Rothvvell's brass l)an(l funiislied the music and led the grand 
torchlight procession. It was arranged that the gun should begin firing at 
precisely 7 o'clock, and the band should commence its music at the same 
time and lead the procession through the streets. 

The gunners who had charge of the piece had received express orders to 
fire in not less than four minutes after 7 o'clock and the cartridges to be 
two minutes' walk from the gun, which contained eight or ten pounds of 
powder. The conuiiittee had proxided everything asked for by the gunners, 
and up to the moment the committee left the gun, they were cautioned to be 
prudent and follow instructions to the very letter, as they had no experience 
in firing cannon. Nevertheless, it appears that immediately after the first 
discharge, without swabbing, the second cartridge was being ramined home 
when the man thumbing the vent with his bare thumb, finding it too hot to 
bear, took his thumb otY; a premature discharge took place which threw the 
gunners, Foss and Clark, down the hill a few rods and killed Foss instantly 
and mutilated Clark so badly that he died at ten o'clock that night. The 
accident was not generally known in the procession until they had reached a 
point on Central avenue opposite the Tesidence of Charles W. Wiggin. In 
consequence the procession broke up on Third street and all further cere- 
monies were declared oH, even to the supper prepared for the Buchanan 
Guards in the American House. The names of the unfortunate gunners are 
George S. Clark of Dover, aged 26, and John Foss of StrafYord, aged 23. 
The otlicr man at the gun was Charles I'liilbrock, who escaped with a hmlly 
burned finger. 

In 1875 the gun was moved to its present i)osition and at tlie Centennial 
celebration was fired by the late John A. Goodwin, a Grand Army veteran, 
who had had much experience in gunnery during the Civil war by service 
in the Union Anny. Mr. Goodwin fired it successfully, without accident, 
but he never wanted to try the exjierinient again ; neither has anyone else. 
It will do for children to play with, but men do not care to fool with it. 
The accident occurred November 19, 1856. 



Hilton's Point, now known as Dover Point, was settled in the spring of 
1623; Dover Neck began to be settled in the fall of 1633; Back river district 
in 1642. Hilton's Point is about a mile below the mouth of Back river, at 
Royal's Cove. Dover Neck is on the eastern side of Back river and the west- 
em side of Fore river (Newichawannock is the Indian name). The Back 
river district is one of the best farm land sections of the town or the state, 
and the dwellers therein have always been among the best citizens of the town. 
And their sons and daughters who emigrated from there have made good 
records, near and far. 

The Drew garrison liouse is at the west end of a twenty-acre lot, which, 
in turn, is at the west end of twenty-acre lot number 14. These lots are forty 
rods wide and eighty rods long. I will now explain the history of the twenty- 
acre lots. 

The oldest record of the town of Dover now in existence, was recorded 
by the town clerk, William Walderne, on a piece of paper, in 1642, and that 
paper was copied into the earliest record book now extant, by William Pom- 
frett, who was chosen clerk in 1647 and served nearly a quarter of a century. 
There were record books l)efore this one, which is marked on the cover 
"No. 7," but they have all been lost. Perhaps someone destroyed them to 
prevent their being used in the land lawsuits which the Mason heirs brought 
against the large land-owners in Dover. Town Clerk Pom fret was a party 
interested in having the contents of that piece of paper preserved, hence he 
recorded it in the first book he kept. It reads and spells as follows : 

The west sied of ye Back Reuer or oner ye Back Riuer. 

A Record of ye 20 Ackes loets as theay waer in order given and layed 
out to ye inhabetance hoes names are here under menshened with the nomber 
of the loet to each pertickler man. As it was fowned Recorded by William 
Walden in a Pec of paper in ye yeir (16)42, wich lots ar in Breadth at ye 
water sied 40 poell and in lenketh 80 poll up into ye woods. 



Thomas Roberts, 


Henry Tebbets, 


Edward Colcord, 


John Tiittle, 


J5arthey Smeg, 


John Dam, 


"William Pomfrctt. 


for ye 17th lott. 

W'm. Hilton, Sr. 


Samewell Haynes, 


John Hall, 


Jrlenry Beck, 


No name, 



Richard Roggers, 2 

Mr. Larkham, 4 

Cjeorge W'ebe, 6 

William Story, 8 

John L'srove, 10 

This 1 2th lott is exchanged with Dea. Dam 

Edward Starback, 14 

This 15th lott was Resined to John Hill and 
by him sold unto W'm. ffollett as was acknowledged. 

Robert Huggins, 16 

John Crosse, 17 This 17th Lott is Exchanged by John Dam 

with Lt Pom fret for ye I2tth Lott. 

Thomas Layton, iS 

Hatabell Nutter, 20 

John Westell, 22 

Richard Pinkham, 24 

Bear in mind these lots on the river hank were forty rods in width and 
eighty rods in depth ; as there were twenty-four lots, the distance from Royal's 
Cove, at the mouth of the Back river, was three miles to lot No. 24, close to the 
head of tide-water where Back river begins and Bellamy river ends or empties 
into it. 

Soon after the grants were awarded the owners began trading and 
exchanging. Deacon John Dam (who was not deacon until thirty years 
later), who drew No. 1 1, soon received No. 12 from his father-in-law, William 
Pomfret, the town clerk. And in 1656 Deacon Dam bought lot No. 13, so he 
then owned Nos. 11, 12 and 13 and he settled his son, William Dam, on the 
land, when he became of suitable age; his other son, John, was located on the 
east shore of Little Bay, which to this day bears the name Dame's Point. 

William Dam was born October 14, 1653; his wife was Martha Nute, 
also born in 1653. She was daughter of James, who owned the lots next 
south of Deacon John Dam's. They were married about 1679. He prob- 
ably had been living on his father's land there three or four years before 
marriage and had built a garrison house, as the Indians were getting to 
be troublesome. Anyhow, he had a garrison, as the Provincial records 
show. It was built before this Drew garrison and was contemporary with 
it. It was in that garrison that W^illiam Dam's six children were born, the 
eldest. Pomfret, March 4, 1681, and the youngest, Lear, March 17, 1695. 
The fourth child was Samuel, born March 21, 1689. When a young man he 
settled in the District of Maine, and his descendants to this day preserve the 
ancient spelling of the name — Dam. The Nute and Dam families ha\e a 
common burying ground on the bank of Back river, where I have seen three 


headstones with inscriptions and others without name. These are the graves 
of James Nute, founder of the Nute family in America, Martha Dam and 
her husband, WilHam Dam. 

It was about 1650 that James Nute bought lots Nos. 9 and 10 from the 
grantees, John Ugrove and Barthey Smeg. And much, if not all, of that 
land is now owned by the Nute family, his descendants, having remained 
in the name 260 years ; the present owner is Thomas Herbert Nute. 

In Volume 17 of the Provincial Papers are the following references to 
the Dam garrison. From January 7 to February 6, 1695, it says John Cross 
ser\-ed as one of the guards, "at Will. Dam's garrison"; from May 12 to 
June 8, 1695, John Bickford was watchman; from November 4 to December 
5, 1695, John Tucker and John Miller were guardsmen; from December 5, 
1695, to January 7, 1696, Ephraim Jackson was the special soldier on duty. 
That period was very perilous, and no man or crew of men dared to go to the 
fields or the woods to work without carrying their loaded guns for use in 
defending their lives, in case the Indians should make a sudden attack on 
them from ambush in the woods. 

So much for the Dam garrison. I will now take up the consideration 
of the Drew garrison and show to you that, beyond reasonable doubt, it 
was built by John Drew, Sr., in 1698, and stands on the west end of a 
20-acre lot, which is west of 20-acre lot No. 14, which is north of the Dam 
lot No. 13, which I have been talking about. I will first give you the evi- 
dence by quoting the deeds of land purchases made by John Drew, Sr., 
between 1680 and 1702. 


1680, June 25. "William ffollett and Elizabeth his wife, for and in 
consideration of a valuable sum of money to us well and truly paid by the 
hand of our beloved son, John Drew & for other causes us thereunto mov- 
ing, have given, granted and sold," etc., "a certain tract or Parcell of Land 
containing Twentie Akers Scituate on ye West Side of ye back River, being 
ye fifteenth Lott in ye Number of ye Lotts as it doth appear by Dover 
Records," etc. — Recorded February 2, 1719. 

1696, May II. "I William Brackstone of ye Towne of Dover in ye Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire, Planter sendeth Greeting" . . . "for Twentie 
two Pounds of currant and lawful money," etc. . . . "delivered by 
ye hand of John Drew of ye Town and Province aforesaid. Cooper," etc. 
"give, grant, sell," etc. ... "a certain tract or Parcell of 
land containing twentie Acres with ye Appurtenances belonging to it, Scituate 
lying and being on ye West Side of ye Back River in ye Town of Dover, 
and is ye fourteenth Lott in ye Number of ye Twentie Acre Lotts, and is 


thirty eight rods wide by ye water side and four score and four rods West 
North West into ye woods, bounded on ye south side by Joseph Tibbetts, on 
ye East by ye River, on ye Nortli on ye liigh way, on ye West on ye Com- 
mons," etc. 

"William X Brackstdn 
"AiiiGAiL X Brackston" 
Recorded December 28, 1699. 

1697, August 16. "Zachariah Pitman" sold to "John Drew" twenty acres 
granted to him by the town of Dover in 1694 "lying and being in ye Dry 
Pines between Jno. Knight's and Zachariah fTield's land." This was in the 
neighborhood of Field's garrison. — Recorded December 29, 1699. 

1698, May 6. Thomas Austin sold to John Drew, both of Dover, "a 
certain Tract or Parcell of Land containing Twentie Acres, lying & being 
on ye West Side of ye Back River, as it was laid out above ye Lott of land 
granted to Elder Starbuck, wliich Twentie Acre Lott is ye fourteenth in 
Number of Lotts all of wch Twentie Acres of land as it was laid out and 
bounded by ye lot layers of ye Town of Dover as will appear on Dover 
Records," etc. — Recorded Deceml>er 31, 1699. 

1699, March i'6. Abraham Newt sold to John Drew "for and in con- 
sideration of a house to me in hand delivered by ye hand of Jno Drew of 
ye Town and Province aforesaid Scituate on ye West side on Dover Neck," 
etc., "a certain tract or parcell of Marsh and flatts scituate on ye East side 
of ye Back River, adjacent to Partridge Point and so down by ye Back 
River side three score and two Rods, or poles, to Sandie hill, all which 
Marsh and flatts," etc., he sells to Drew for the house on Dover Neck. — 
Recorded December 29, 1699. 

1698, June 6. "I Robert Huckins, ye Eldest son and Heir of James 
Huckins, ye only son and successor of Robert Huckins, sometime of Dover 
in ye Province of New Hampshire, deceased," etc., sold to John Drew for 
£14, "a certain Tract or parcell of land containing twentie acres, granted 
to my grandfather Robert Huckins by ye Towne of Dover in \'e year 164J. 
Scituate on ye West side of Back River, being ye Sixteenth Lott in ye 
Number of Lotts, bounded on ye East by ye River; on ye South by Jno 
Drew his land; on ye North by Thomas Whitehouse his land; on ye West 
by ye Commons; all wch twentie Acres of land are as it was laid out and 
bounded by ye lot-layers of ye Town of Dover," etc. — Recorded January i. 
I 699/ I 700. 

1700, July 6. John Drew and wife, "Sara," sold to Joseph Tibbetts of 


Dover, "a Sertain tract or parcell of land Scituate on ye West side of ye 
Back River, being part of twentie Aker Lott bought of Thomas Austin," 
and located "at ye south west of Drew's land and the Commons." 

1700, December 7. John Drew, Sr., bought of Joshua Wingate of Hamp- 
ton, son of John Wingate of Dover, deceased, "a Sertain tract or Parcell of 
Land Scituate on ye West side of ye Back River Containeinge Twentie 
Akers, wch said Land my father, John Wingett, Deceased, formerly bought 
of Ralfe Haull, and is lyinge and beinge betwene a Twentie Aker Lott laide 
oute to my father and ye Hed of ye said twentie Acre Lottes borderinge on 
ye northe west on ye aforesaid Lotts laid out to my father, Jno. Wingett, 
and on ye South weste by ye Commons, and on ye South Este on ye Com- 
mons, and on ye North Este on a Lott of Land now in ye Tenure and occu- 
pation of ye aforesaid Jno. Drew; all which twentie acres of land were 
laide oute and bounded by ye Lott layers of ye Towne of Dover," etc. 

1 701-2, February 5. John Drew, Sr., bought of Pomfret \Miitehouse, 
grandson of William Pomfret, lot No. 17. 

1702, June 16. John Drew, Sr., bought of "Israeli Hogsdon" and Ann, 
his wife, twenty acres of land granted to him in 1658 by the town of Dover 
"scituate and beinge on ye ^\^este side of ye Back River, bordering on ye 
north by a twentie acre Lott laide oute att ye same time to John Roberts, 
and betwene itt and Ralfe Hall his twentie acre Lott, above ye hed of ye 
old twentie acre Lotts on ye Weste side of ye Back River," etc. 

1705, May 26. John Drew, Sr., bought of Richard Paine and Sarah, his 
wife, of Boston, twenty acres of land with marsh and flats. 

1705-6, March i. John Drew, Sr., "Cooper." bought of Israel Hogsdon, 
"Carpenter," a "piece of salt marsh and thatch ground,' lying on the west 
side of Back river adjacent to Drew's land. 

From the above it appears : 

1st. William Follett and his wife Elizabeth gave to their "beloved son, 
John Drew," lot No. 15, on Back river, June 25, 1680. That expression 
"belo\-ed son" shows that Drew's wife was daughter of William Follett. 
Wives did not own land in those days, nor for a good while after that date. 

2d. May II, 1696, Mr. Drew bought of ^^'il!iam Brackston of Dover, 
lot No. 14. 

3d. May 6. 1698, Mr. Drew bought of Thomas Austin of Dover, twenty 
acres west of lot No. 14, and that is the land on which the garrison stands. 

4th. June 16, 1698, Mr. Drew bought of Robert Huckins of Oyster river, 
lot No. 16. 

5th. February 5, 1702, Mr. Drew bought of Pomfrett Whitehouse, lot 
No. 17. 

6th. June 16. 1702, Mr. Drew bought of Israel Hogsdon, "Cooper," of 
Dover, lot No. 18. 


Thus you see he had live lots on the river front, west side of Back river, 
covering a space of 200 rods. 

The deed from Wilham Brackston says lot No. 14, as he sold it to Mr. 
Drew, was thirty-eight rods wide, at the river bank, and ran back eighty- 
four rods into the woods, to make tiie twenty acres; the reason for this is 
that a road two rods wide was on the north side, about where the road now 
is to Mr. Peaslee's house, which stands on lot No. 15. This roadway ran 
in the low ground by the fence between the Rounds and the Peaslee famis. 
The I'easlee family has lived there since 1 760. The late owner was Joseph E, 
Peaslee, who was born in the garrison house, where his i)arents resided wliiie 
the present Peaslee house was being built in \H_[2. 

7th. On March 16, 1699, Mr. Drew suM his house on Dover Neck, 
where he resided, and which he inherited from his father, William Drew, 
to Abraham Nute, in exchange for marsh land on the west side of Back 
river. The marsh land along the west shore of Back river was always 
reckoned separate from the high land. Mr. Peaslee now owns several 
pieces of marsh where the adjoining high ground is owned by other persons. 

Now we gather from all this that Mr. Drew would not have sold his 
house on Dover Neck until he had another to move into. About a year 
before this sale he bought the twenty acres on which the garrison stands. 
He built the garrison here some time ; hence there can be no reasonable 
doubt he built it between May 6, 1698, and March 16, 1699. Quod crat 

The mansion house here was Iniilt in 1810 by Joseph Drew, a great-great- 
grandson of John Drew, Sr., who Ijuill the garrison. 

It is well to keep in mind that the Indians did not trouble Dover people 
before 1675, more than thirty years after the grants of land were made. 
So there were no garrisons before that date. Another point to bear in 
mind is that there was no call for building garrisons after 1725, when the 
Indian wars ceased here, having continued fifty years. The last Dover 
man who lost his scalp was John Evans, the Poet Whittier's great-grand- 
father. The Indians performed that surgical operation in the vicinity of 
the Knox Marsh road beyond the road to Bellamy mill. Mr. Drew had good 
reason for building a garrisoned house when he did. The Oyster River 
massacre had occurred only four years before, when his father and one 
brother were killed, and other members of the family were carried captives 
to Canada. 


Mr. Scales, in the preceding statements as to the probable origin of the 
Drew garrison, based his argument on the supposed fact that, as it is 


called the Drew garrison, it was built by a Drew; and if built by a Drew 
it must have been by John Drew, Sr. ; and if by him, it must have been 
built on the twenty-acre lot in the rear of lot No. 14, which is the most 
southerly lot owned by him. Of course Mr. Scales' argument fails if it 
can be shown that the house does not stand in the rear of lot No. 14. 

Since Mr. Scales had prepared the preceding statement he has been in- 
formed that Mr. N. ^^'. Davis of Winchester, Mass., a lineal descendant of 
John Drew, Sr., and a gentleman of much experience in genealogical work, 
being a member of the New England Historical and Genealogical Society, 
had become so far interested in the question of location of the lots at Back 
river that he had a surveyor measure the distances along the river bank, and 
determine, as far as possible, the exact boundary lines and location of each 
lot. He found that the garrison is on the lot in the rear of lot No. 13, and 
John Drew's lot No. 14 is one notch farther up the river. As has already 
been stated, Deacon John Dam owned lot No. 13, and gave it to his son, 
William Dam, who came to that side of the river to live between the years 
1675 and 1680. Now, if Mr. Davis' surveyor be correct in his measure- 
ments, then Mr. Scales' theory comes to naught, since he based it entirely 
on the supposition the garrison is located in the rear of lot No. 14. And 
he has to admit that it looks quite sure that Mr. Davis' survey is approxi- 
mately correct. 

There are other corroborating proofs that the garrison was built by 
William Dam or by his father. Deacon John Dam; probably they both had 
a hand in the job. It is known, beyond dispute, that William Dam had 
a garrison at Back river, and soldiers were quarterer there during the 
Indian wars, as shown by the Provincial records, already quoted. Further- 
inore, deeds and wills and various land transactions, which have recently 
been found, show that at the death of William Dam, Sr., in 1718, the house 
passed to the possession of his son, William Dam. Jr. From William Dam, 
Jr., the ownership passed to his sister Leah and her husband, Samuel Hayes, 
and the Hayes family resided in it up to 1770, when he died there. Samuel 
and I.eah (Dam) Hayes had a daughter, Mary, who married James Nute, 
and their daughter, Leah Nute, married Joseph Drew (a great-grandson 
of John Drew, Sr.), in 1771. and they commenced housekeeping in the old 
garrison, which her grandparents had recently vacated, by death. 

Up to 1771 it was known as the Dam (or Dame) garrison. Joseph 
Drew was the first of that name to reside in it. From him it passed by 
inheritance to his son, William Plaisted Drew. From him it passed by 
inheritance to his son, Edwin Plaisted Drew, who resided there until 1884, 
when it passed by purchase to the present owner, Mrs. Ellen S. Rounds, 
wife of Holmes B. Rounds, whose mother was a Drew, a lineal descendant 
of John Drew, Sr. 


If this really be tlie William Dam garrison, as seems quite certain it is, 
it was probably built about 1679 or 1680, when William Dam married 
Martha Nute and went to that side of Back river to live. The Indian wars 
had begim then, and of course he would not be likely to build any other 
kind of a dwelling house in war times. This makes it quite certain that the 
garrison is more than two hundred and thirty years old, and is the oldest 
house in Dover. Next oldest house in Dover is the Guppy house, built in 
1690, 223 years ago, and third is the Ham house about 220 years old. It 
does not appear there was any other Drew garrison. It bore the name of 
its builder, William Dam, 100 years. 

In the records of about 1700 a highway is mentioned between Dam's 
land and that of James Nute, just south, which led to a landing place at the 
head of James Nute's creek, about a mile from the Drew garrison. This 
creek is above Hope-Hood's Point. The name of this point is derived from 
a noted Indian chief, said to have belonged to the Abenaki tribe. Doctor 
Quint says he was the Sagamore, Wahowah, or Wohawa, chief of all the 
lands from Exeter to Salmon Falls. The historian, Hubbard, in his narra- 
tive, calls him "Hope Hood," and says he was son of Robin Hood. The 
two are mentioned together in signing a deed of land at "Siiuanianagonak" 
to Peter Coffin, January 3, 1688. It was Hope Hood who led the attack 
on Newichawannick settlement in 1690, as well as that on Fox Point shore 
soon after. So noted did he become for his ferocity to the English settlers 
that Mather, in his "Magnolia," calls him "that memorable tygre," and 
"that hellish fellow," etc. The tradition is that he was killed in 1690 and 
buried on this point of land which bears, and will ever bear, his name. No 
headstone marks the exact spot where he was buried, but it is affirmed that 
the groans of the old Indian warrior are still to be heard there from time to 
time among the moaning branches of the trees, when great storms prevail. 
It is supposed he died of his wounds received in the fight at Fox Point, 
and his friends brought him across the river to this point and buried him. 

Hope Hood was one of the occasional neighbors of William Dam and 
James Nute. No wonder they had a garrison and soldiers to defend them, 
although the doughty old Indian chief seems never to have troubled them. 
Probably he was in his peaceful moods when he lived on Hope Hood Point, 
and they treated him kindly. 

Cotton Mather in his "Magnolia" gives an account of Hope Hood's 
treatment of James Key, son of John Key of Quochecho, a child of about 
five years of age, who was captured by the Indians at Salmon b'alls ; and 
that "hellish fellow, Hope Hood, once the servant of a Christian- master in 
Boston, was made master (if him, and treated liini in a \erv cnu-l manner." 

In another passage Mather says, in regard to the Indian attack on Wells, 
that Hope Hood and his party, "having first had a skinnish with Captain 


Sherborn, they appeared the next Lord's Day at Newichawannick, or Ber- 
wick, where they burned some houses and slew a man. Three days after 
they came upon a small hamlet on the south side of the Pascataqua river, 
called Fox Point, and besides the burning of several houses, they took half 
a dozen prisoners, and killed more than a dozen of the too securely un- 
garrisoned people; which was as easy to do as to have spoiled an ordinary 
henroost. But Captain Floyd and Captain Greenleaf coming (from Salis- 
bury) upon these Indians made some slaughter among them, recovered some 
captives, with much plunder, and bestowed a good wound upon Hope Hood, 
who lost his gun (which was next to his life) in this action." The unfor- 
tunate thing about these Indian wars is that the Indians left no record of 
their side of the history. 

It may be noticed, from the list of lot owners, that John Tuttle had 
"No. 7." Mr. Tuttle was the first of the name to settle in Dover, and his 
residence was on Dover Neck, on the east side of High street and about a 
quarter of a mile below the meeting house, where now is River View hall. 
He did not come over to Back river to reside, but one son did, and that lot 
No. 7 remained in possession of the Tuttle family and the Tuttle name until 
a few years ago. 

What a beautiful locality Back river is, and always has been. Directly 
across the river from the Drew garrison is Huckleberry Hill, the ancient 
training ground of Capt. John Tuttle's valiant soldiers. Further down the 
ridge, at the extreme right is the site of his old meeting house. All along 
the river bank, at suitable spots, are the burial lots of the Back river families ; 
there lies the dust of brave men and devout women. There are no ancient 
burying grounds back so far from the river as this old garrison. Those 
men and women had eyes that appreciated the beautiful in life and the 
"sleeping place" in death. 

Another noticeable thing about this Back river locality is the location 
of the dwellings a half mile back from the river; each land owner built his 
house and his barn as near to the river bank as the nature of the ground 
would permit to secure good drainage and good spring water. The houses 
were nearer to the river than the bams and outbuildings. This arrangement 
was because of the fact that the chief travel was done by boats on the river. 
There were roads to the river where each family had its boats. The great 
business center, then, was on the Neck, just across the river. When the 
farmers wanted to trade they went there in their boats, or to Portsmouth. 
This custom of traveling by boats was in use as late as sixty years ago. 
The old houses all fronted square to the south, as the garrison does. The 
reason of this is apparent when we consider the fact that clocks were scarce, 
and, when they had them, were not very accurate timekeepers. The sun 
always keeps correct time; when it cast a shadow square with the east and 


west ends of the house the housewife knew tliat was high noon, and would 
toot her dinner horn accordingly to cal] tlie workmen from afar in the 
fields. A noon mark on the window sill was kept to show the time also. 
You can find the noon mark now, if you search carefully in the front win- 
dows of very old houses. Now no housewife thinks of blowing tlie dinner 
horn, or the conch shell, which antedated the horns, because every day 
laborer carries a Waterhury or a Walthani watch in his vest pocket, and has 
it regulated by an electric stroke from the observatory in Washington or 
Cambridge at noon every day. Why, the day laborers now have for every- 
day fare what would have been luxuries for the aristocrats of Dover Neck 
and Back river 200 years ago. 

I'ersons driving along the garrison road no doul)t wonder at the fashion 
that prevails of having the barns nearer the road than the houses, which 
seem to be behind them : that is, the barns api>ear to be in front of the house. 
Tile reason of that is that the l>arns were built long before the roads, and 
were behind the houses, because the great thoroughfare was the river, and 
moreover they did not want the beautiful \iew of the river, and Dover Neck 
beyond, obstructed by old Ijarns and out buildings. They had an eye for 
the beautiful, as well as the useful. 

Speaking of garrisons, it may be well to mention one more in this 
section, which stood on the height of land, a short distance west of the 
I'ack river sclioolhouse. It was l)uilt liy Zachias h'ield, who was taxed at 
Oyster river in 1664 and owned land at Back river as early as 1670. It 
was probably built soon after the Indians squared their accounts with 
Major Walderne at Cocheco, June 28, 1689. In connection with that gar- 
rison Re\'. John Pike, for many years pastor of the First Church, relates 
that July 8. 1707, John Bunker and Ichabod Rawlins were going with a 
cart from Lieut. Zach I'^ield's garrison to James Bunker's, at Oyster river, 
for a loom, when they were slain by the Indians. This incident shows what 
lively times they had about here in those days. 

Some cranks are accustomed to bemoan the Yankees ; that the race is 
dying out; that foreigners are overrunning the land; and so on, page after 
page of twaddle. Why, look at that very locality, Back river; Tuttle, Nute, 
Drew, Peaslee, Emerson, Tibbetts, Leighlon. Rounds, and others; their 
ancestors were anion.g the first settlers here and in New England. Mr. 
Rounds' mother was a Drew, a lineal descendant of John Drew, Sr., who 
built the garrison here. The Tuttles and the Nutes are still here. The Peas- 
lees, who came here more than a century and a half ago, have their de- 
scendants here with us today, also the Emersons. The Dover Yankees are 
not dying out ; they could not all stay here in Dover ; they went where 
work called them, and opportunities for manifestation of their abilities for 
usefulness were found. 


The Indians had buried their dead there long before the white man 
came here. No doubt Hope Hood's Toint is an Indian burial ground, and 
that is a reason why the old Indian Chief Wahowah was buried there by his 
friends, when he passed on to the Indian hunting grounds of the unseeable 

I will close my story of today by giving you an account of a Quaker 
wedding of a century and a lialf ago. Right after the wedding the bride 
and groom came here to Back river to reside ; their house stood in sight of 
the garrison; right across the brook there, where Mr. Joseph E. Peaslee 
and his sister Alattie reside, and they are with us today. The Peaslees 
came here from Massachusetts, ^^■llere the immigrant ancestor was one of 
the first settlers of Haverhill. The family has been here at Back river since 
1760, one hundred and fifty-three years. The representatives here today 
are great-grandchildren of Amos and Elizabeth Peaslee. 


Ninth Day of the Seventh Month, 
1 760. 

Whereas Amos Peaslee of Newbury in the County of Essex and Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, son of' Robert Peaslee, last of 
Haverliiil, deceased, and Alice his wife, and Elizabeth Austin, Daughter of 
Joseph Tibbetts and Rose his wife of Dover in the Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England 

Having declared their intentions of taking each other in marriage before 
several public meetings of the People called Quakers in Dover, aforesaid, 
according to the good order used among them and proceeding there in after 
deliberate consideration thereof with regard unto the Righteous Law of God, 
in that case they also appearing clear of all others, and having consent of 
parents and relations concerned \^'are approved by said meeting. 

Now these are to certify to all whom it may concern that for the full 
accomplishing of their intentions this Nineth day of the Seventh month, called 
July in the year according to the Christian account, one thousand seven 
hundred and sixty 

They, the said Amos' Peaslee and Elizabeth Austin appearing in a Public 
Assembly of the aforesaid people and others met together at the Public 
Meeting House at Cochecho, in Dover aforesaid and in a solemn manner, 
he, the said Amos Peaslee taking the said Elizabeth Austin by the hand did 
openly declare as followeth : 

Friends I desire that you be my witnesses that I take this my friend 
Elizabeth Austin to be my wife, promising by the Lord's assistance to be 
unto her a true and loving Husband until it shall please God by death to 
separate us: And then and there in the said assembly, the said Elizabeth 
Austin did in like manner declare as followeth : Friends, I desire you to be 
my witnesses that I take this my friend Amos Peaslee to be my Husband, 
promising by ye Lord's assistance to be unto him a true and loving wife 


until it shall please God by death to separate us, or words to that purport, 
and as a further confirmation thereof the said Amos Peaslee and Elizabeth 
Austin did then and there to these l^resents set their hands, she according to 

the custom of marriage assuming the name of her husband 

And we whose names are hereunto subscribed being present among others 
at the solemnizing of their said marriage and subscription in manner afore- 
said as witnesses hereunto have also to these I'resents subscribed our names, 
the day and year above written. 

Amos Peaslee. 

Eliz.vbeth Peaslee. 

Witnesses: Elizalxith Shiplec, Ilanah Foster, Miriam Hussey, Ruth Mor- 
rill, Plannah Pinkham, Jos. Estes, John Gage, Nathaniel Baker, Peter Gush- 
ing, Stephen Jones, Eph. Hanson, Nathaniel Varney, John Titcomb, Ichabod 
Canney, Samuel Tuttle, Stephen Varney, Arthur Davidson, Joseph .Austin, 
Otis Pinkham, Bena Austin, Elijah .\ustin, Joseph Tibbetts, Jr., Jacob Saw- 
yer, Hannah Hanson. 

The original paper, which I have just read, is now the property of Miss 
Mattie Peaslee and Mr. Joseph E. Peaslee of Back river, whom I have 
already introduced to you. They were near neighbors to the Drew family 
in the garrison. In addition to this paper they have nuinerous other old 
papers, heirlooms of the Peaslee family, which ought to be carefully pre- 
served after the present owners have "passed on." 

Your attention is called to the expression "at the meeting house, at 
Cochecho in Dover." This was in 1760. Up to that time, and for several 
years after, when Dover is mentioned it means the locality on the hill, 
Dover Xcck, right across Back river from here; all other villages were 
simply localities in Dover. The wedding was not held in the present Quaker 
meeting house, on Central avenue at Pine Hill, as that was erected seven 
or eight years later in 1768, and is the oldest house of worship in this city, 
being 145 years old. The first Quaker meeting house was built at Dover 
Neck. The second was built at Cocheco about 1720 and stood on the south- 
west comer of Silver and Locust street, where the Jacob K. Purinton house 
stands, now owned by Elisha R. Brown. It was in that meeting house the 
Peaslee wedding was held. That building was taken down soon after the 
present house was built at Pine Hill. 

Some of those witnesses were noted jiersons in their day and cut no small 
figure in Dover history. John Gage was colonel of a New ilampshire regi- 
ment, many times a Representative in the Provincial Assembly, and the 
first judge of probate of Strafford county. John Titcomb was conspicuous 
in town affairs and colonel of a regiment in the Revolutionary army. Peter 
Gushing was grandson of Rev. Jonathan Gushing, pastor of the First 
Church fifty years. Peter was one of the great business men of the town. 


In fact, all the big families of the town were represented at the wedding — 
Tuttle, Baker, Hanson, Canney, Varney, Pinkham, and others. It was a 
great wedding, notwithstanding there was no "single ring or double ring" 

So, ladies and gentlemen, ends my story. 



Sack of Dover, June 27, 1689. 

Being one of the oldest settlements in Xew Hampshire, hy the year 1689 
it had grown to be one of the most nourishing. The first settlement grew 
up at what is now Dover Point. The second settlement grew up at the first 
falls of the Cochecho, where Maj. Richard W'aldron had built his .saw and 

grist mill. 

W'aldron was the great man of the village. He had held most of the 
important offices, both civil and military, and at this date was major of the 
militia. He was about seventy-three at this time, hale and hearty and 
vigorous, and as hard to move as his own niilldam. Five block 
guarded the settlement; for Dover touched the very edge of the wilder- 
ness. These were Waldron's, near the courthouse, Otis's, near Milk street, 
whose site has just recently been discovered, Peter Coffin's and his sons on 
this side of the river, somewhere near Williams' belt factory. All were sur- 
rounded by strong walls of timber, with gates that could be securely bolted 
and barred at night, at which time, the people living outside, came to sleep, 
going to their own homes in the moming. 

This was Dover. This was border life, yet danger had its charms. 
It was the making of robust men and women, whose nursery tales were the 
tragedies of Indian warfare or captivity, and who, as they grew up. became 
skilled in the use of arms, keen in tracking the bear and moose, and of 
withstanding hunger and hardship, as well as the wild Indians themselves. 

Though they did not know it, the people of Dover were walking between 
life and death. They had forgotten, but the Indian never forgets, nor 
forgives any injury or wrong. For years the memory of the treachery of 
Waldron's had rankled deep in their hearts. This is not a pleasant tale, 
but it is true. 

During the struggles of King Phillip's war, some thirteen years before, 
Waldron had made peace with the Pennacook, Ossipee and Pigwacket 
tribes, by which the calamities of war were wholly kept from him and his 
neighbors. This was a shrewd move to keep the Indians quiet. In this 



treaty the Indians promised not to harbor any of King Phillip's men. They 
shook hands with Waldron upon it, and were allowed to come and go as 
they pleased. 

This promise was, not, however, kept. The Pennacooks sheltered many 
ot ,:'hillip's followers. Indian hospitality could not refuse this asylum to 
their own, hunted as they were by the whites. \Vith this exception, the 
tribe lived up to these obligations. 

The tribes on the Androscoggin and Kennebec were easily led to take 
up the hatchet again, killing and plundering the defenseless inhabitants. 
Two companies were sent out from Boston to stop this, and to protect the 
people. When they arrived at Do\-er, they found some hundreds of Indians 
gathered here, as it seemed, to trade. They were armed but there was no 
fear of an attack. It was then and there that Waldron dealt them their 
most terrible blow, a blow struck from behind the back, which he was 
later to pay dearly for with his life. The two captains. Sill and Haw- 
thorn, having orders to seize all Indians who had been out in King Phillip's 
war wherever found, upon being told that there were many even now among 
these very Indians, would ha\e fallen upon them without further words, 
but \Valdron was too wary. 

A plan had arranged itself in his mind by which the whole body of 
Indians could be taken without striking a blow. He proposed to the Indians 
to celebrate the meeting by having a sham fight — after the English fashion^ 
to which they readily consented. In the meantime, he called up Captain 
Frost's company from Kittery and got his own men under arms. These, 
with the two marching companies, gave him all the men he needed. 

The next day the two bodies, English and Indians, were drawn up in 
sham battle, into which the unsuspecting redskins entered with much spirit. 
Meantime, while going through certain simple movements, the English were 
quietly surrounding the Indians. Still mistrusting nothing, the Indians 
fired their first volley. When their guns were discharged, the English 
rushed in, seized and disarmed them without the loss of a man. About four 
hundred were so taken. They were then separated. Those known to be 
friendly were allowed tX) go in peace, but all those suspected of having 
helped King Phillip, some two hundred in number, were sent under guard 
to Boston, where seven or eight were hanged, and the rest sold out of the 
country as slaves. It is known that those hanged were in some of the blood- 
iest massacres of the war. Those sold helped to pay for their capture, and 
all the people said Amen. 

So now, long years after, some of the Indians who had been entrapped 
by W^aldron, laid their plans to be revenged. When it was found that tiie 
people of Dover had fallen into careless habits, kept no watches, and would 
even let Indians sleep in their houses, these plans were ripe for execution. 


Some hints of the intended mischief had been thrown out, but the careless 
settlers had hardly listened to them. When W'aldron himself was sixjken 
to about it, he jocosely told the uneasy ones "to go and plant pumpkins and 
that he would tell them when the Indians would break out." 

When the time for the assault drew near, the two chiefs, Kau-ka-ma-gus 
and Mcsaudowit, brought their followers to within striking distance of the 
village. Indian cunning was then set to work. On Thursday evening two 
scjuaws went to each of the five garrisons and asked leave to sleep there 
that night. It being wet weather they were readily admitted to all except 
young Coffin's. When some objected at Waldron's, the kind old man 
quieted they by saying, "Let the poor old creatures lodge by the fire." They 
were e\en shown how to imbar the doors. 

Mesaudowit went boldly to Waldron's, where he was kindly received, 
all the more readily because he announced that a good many Indians were 
coming next day to trade. While the two were sitting at supper, the chief 
jestingly asked, "Brother Waldron, what would you do if the strange Indians 
should come?" "A hundred men stand ready to come when I lift my finger 
thus," was Waldron's reply. 

All retired to rest ; not a single sentinel stood guard over the doomed 
village. When all was still, the faithless squaws noiselessly arose, quietly 
unbarred the doors of the four garrisons, and gave the signal agreed upon — 
a low whistle. Instantly the warriors who had been lying in wait outside 
rushed in. Roused from sleep by the noise, Waldron had barely time to 
jump out of bed, pull on his breeches, and snatch up his sword, Ijefore the 
infuriated wretches, who were in search of him, came crowding into the 
room, tomahawk in hand. But the fine old man was not to Ix; taken without 
a struggle. Partly dressed, with his gray head bare, Waldron yet laid 
about him so lustily with his sword, as not only to clear his own room, but 
also to dri\e them into the next. There was a chance yet for his life, and he 
hastened to improve it. His musket and his pistol had been left in his own 
room ; Waldron therefore started to get them. Seizing the moment when 
his back was turned, a savage sprang forward and brained the brave old 
fellow with a blow of the hatchet from behind. 

Grievously wounded, but still breathing, W^aldron was now dragged into 
the great room, a chair put up on the long table, w here he had often sat as 
judge, and his half-lifeless body lifted upon it, while his captors made ready 
to gratify their long-nursed vengeance with savage ingenuity and more than 
savage barbarity. "Who shall judge Indians now?" they asked the dying 
man with grim irony. Not to cut short Waldron's sufferings, his tormentors 
commanded other captives to get them some victuals. W^hen they had 
swallowed this hideous rneal, with the worthy major still sitting there, 
stunned and bleeding to death in his chair, these miscreants first stripped 


him of his shirt, and then took turns in slashing him with their knives across 
the heart, each one crying out as he did so, "See, I cross out my account." 
They then cut off his fingers, one by one. and asked in mockery if his hand 
still weighed a pound. By this time his strength was so far gone from 
loss of blood, seeing that he was about to fall, one of the Indians held out 
the point of the major's sword, so that as the dying man pitched forward 
upon it, the weapon passed quite through his body. 

After killing or taking captive all that were in the house, they first 
plundered it, and then set it on fire. 

In the meantime, Chief Kau-ka-ma-gus was similarly engaged at the 
other garrisons. One garrison was saved by the barking of a dog just as 
the Indians were stealthily gliding in at the gate. One of the inmates, 
with rare forethought and courage and presence of mind, ran to the spot, 
thrust the intruders out, shut and held the gate by throwing himself flat on 
his back, and bracing his feet against it until the rest of the people came to 
his aid. 

The elder Coftin's house was ransacked, but the lives were spared. Find- 
ing a bag of money, they made Coffin throw it about the room, while they 
scrambled for it, like so many mischievous boys. This was their way of 
making an impartial division of the money. 

The younger Coffin stoutly refused to open his gate, until the Indians 
brought out his old father, and threatened to kill him before his son's eyes. 
He then gave up. Both families were put in a deserted house, but not being 
closely watched, all made their escape while the Indians were plundering the 
captured houses. 

This was a sad day for Dover. Twenty-three persons lost their lives, 
and twenty-nine were carried off captives, five or six houses with the mills 
were burned to the ground, all being done so quickly that the Indians were able 
to get away unmolested with all their booty. 

It is but just to add that the conduct of the savages during the sack 
of Dover was not without some redeeming features ; while certain persons 
were marked for unrelenting vengeance, other were spared, and still others 
not even molested. 

The prisoners were taken to Canada and sold to the French. The 
savages treated the prisoners as slaves, and disposed of them as such. Sad 
to relate, the terrible affair might have been averted by the timely delivery 
of a letter. The design liad been disclosed to Major Henchman at Chelms- 
ford. A letter was at once started for Dover, but some delay at Newburg 
made the warning some hours late. In this letter Waldron was notified 
that he was the special object of vengeance. The feelings with which this 
letter was received and opened by his son may be imagined. This letter is 


in Belknap, N. H., and is said to iia\e come from Wanalancet. Sas^amore of 
tlie I'ennacooks. 

Among the capti\es taken was Major Waldrcjn's little granddanghter, 
Sarah Gerrish, seven years old, who slept in her grandfather's house. Awak- 
ened out of a sound sleep by the strange noises in the house, Sarah sprang 
from bed and ran into another room, where one of her little playmates was 
sleeping. Childlike, she crept into her companion's bed and covered herself 
over by pulling the bedclothes over her head. Her hiding place was soon 
discovered, and she was told to get up and dress, and they hurried her out 
out the house before she could put on her stockings. With one bare foot 
she was marched ofif into the wilderness, after seeing her grandfather's 
house plundered and burned before her eyes. She went with the tril>e of 
Indians down into Maine where she remained until winter. Sarah's first 
master was Seliundow it. harsli Init nut cruel. He sold her to another Indian, 
both cruel and harsh, who carried her away to Canada to be sold. No 
tongue can tell the terrible suffering and hardships this little girl of se\cn 
had to undergo during that long and terrible march to Canada. At one 
time her wretch of a master told her to go and stand beside a tree while he 
began loading his gun, with tantalizing indifference. When she shrieked out 
in terror at what \\as to be her fate, the old fellow seems to have relented and 
seemed satisfied. Once while running along the high bank of the river some 
of her impish companions pushed her o\er the bank into the water, leaving 
her to sink or swim. Fortunately, she could catch hold of the bushes as she 
came up to the surface and draw herself out. Though only a little child of 
seven, when askcil how she became wet, she did not dare complain of her 
companions. Once she overslept after a very hard day's march, and when 
she awoke she was partly covered with snow, and found that slie was left 
alone. The party had gone on and left her, and being terribly afraid at 
the thought of bears and wol\-es, she ran crying after them, following their 
tracks in the snow, and after a long and weary chase they allowed bur to 
come up with them. Then again, when one night they had built a big 
fire, they told her that she was going to be burned to death. She was struck 
dumb, and then burst into tears, and throwing her arms around her master's 
neck, begged him to spare her life, which he agreed to do if she would be 
a good girl. .After going through fire and water, she at last reached Canada, 
when she was taken to the Lord Intendent's, where much notice was taken 
of her by persons of quality. In the course of a week, the wife of the 
Intendent purchased her, and she was placed in a convent, and was once more 
safe in the hands of Christians. When the fleet of Sir William Phipps 
appeared before Quebec the next year, Sarah was exchanged after sixteen 
months, and returned to her friends again. In .\ugust, 1689, the authorities 


at Boston collected an army of 600 men at Berwick, where the Indians had 
been burning and scalping. 

July 18, 1694 


The French, fearing that they could not hold the Indians who lived 
between Canada and the English settlements of Maine, New Hampshire and 
Massachusetts, determined to incite the Indians to attack the whites. If they 
did not, the English would probably make friends with the Indians and the 
French would lose the country. So Villieu, a French officer, went among 
the Kennebec and Penobscot tribes urging them to take up the hatchet. 
They were made large presents, flattered, feasted, and old wrongs artfully 
dwelt u]nm, until the slumbering smoke of hate and rage flamed up again 
with ten-fold fury. A large supply of brandy did the rest. Casting the 
treaty to the winds, Modockawando and Moxus of Penobscot declared for 
war, so the Penobscots, Norridgewalks and Paguoits and a sprinkling of 
tribes further east, were again on the war path. Villieu thus had 300 war- 
riors and singled out Oyster river for fire and slaughter. 

Scattered along the high grounds were some twelve garrisons, enough 
to have sheltered all the inhabitants if they could have been warned in time. 
Most of them, however, not dreaming of danger, slept in their own homes, 
and there being no suspicion no watch was kept. 

The village stretched out on both sides of the river, but the most of 
the houses were near John Dean's sawmill at the falls, with the meeting 
house on the hill just beyond. 

Villieu reached the vicinity undiscovered on Thursday evening, July 17, 
1694. He halted near the falls until after dark, then divided his followers 
into two bands, one taking the south, the other the north side of the river, 
so as to make a clean sweep of the whole settlement, Bomazien went with 
the Indians to the south side, while Captain Nathaniel put himself at the 
head of those on the north. Tlien the two parties broke up into parties 
of eight or ten so they would fall on the houses at the same time when it 
should become light. Flad this succeeded a greater loss of life would ha\'e 

It happened that John Dean had planned to go on a journey that morn- 
ing. He had risen early and was just leaving the house when he was seen, 
fired at, and killed on the spot. The alarm was thus given before some of 
the assailants had reached their stations, giving some of the families chance 
to defend themselves. 

At the signals the Indians fell upon the settlement, and the butchery 
began. The plan was the same; to surround the house, beat down the doors, 


and capture or kill the settlers. Most of the men were tomahawked on the 
spot, and the women taken away into captivity. 

After John Dean had been killed, the Indians rushed into the house and 
took Mrs. Dean and her little daughter two miles up the river and left her 
in the care of an old Indian, who complained that he had a headache, and 
asked Mrs. Dean what he should do for it. She, seeing that he had a bottle, 
told him to drink it and it would help him. Since this pleased him, he did 
so, and was soon fast asleep. Mrs. Dean and her daughter fled to the woods 
and hid until night, when they returned home to find a heap of blackened 
ruins. They found a canoe in which they patldled to Lieutenant Burnham's 
garrison, where they found themselves among friends. 

The garrisons were the special ix)ints of attack. Jones's was one of the 
first. He was awakened by the dog barking, and got up to see if the wolves 
were about, when he saw the flash of a gun, and instantly jumping to one 
side, heard the bullet hit where he had stood. Seeing that they were on 
their guard, the Indians withdrew. 

.\dams' garrison made no resistance. Fourteen people were killed here. 
Drew surrendered on condition that his life would be spared, but he was 
instantly killed. His nine-year-old boy was made to run the gauntlet, and 
was at length tomahawked. Thomas Edgerly and son both escaped by boat, 
going down river. Beard's and Meader's garrisons were abandoned. Thus 
five garrisons were taken without firing a shot ; the other five held out. 

Burnham's had carelessly left the gate open, but just managed to close 
it in time. Bickford's was saved by rare courage. He sent his family down 
river in a boat, and determined to defend his home. He shut his gate, and 
fired at the Indians whenever he could see one, appearing at different win- 
dows with a different cap and coat, shouting as though giving orders to his 
men. After a while, the Indians withdrew. Twenty houses, or about one- 
half of the town, were set on fire, over the bodies of their owners. 

Then they went to Woodman's garrison, but he was prepared for them, 
and they went away with their booty and prisoner, and they reported that 
only one man had been wounded. 

About one hundred persons had been shot down or tomahawked in 
cold blood. A party went across the Piscataqua and killed Mrs. Cutt and 
three others. Moxus went as far as Grotan, Mass., and made a determined 
assault, but was repulsed. On the way they killed thirteen, and carried away 
twenty-nine captives. .A month later, the people were \\ aylaid while coming 
home from church, three killed, three wounded, and throe carried away 
as captives. 

A war party under Hope Hood fell upon I'o.x's Point in 1690. Slew 
fourteen persons; carried off si.x. They were pursued by Colonels Moyd and 
Greenleaf, and compelled to leave some of their prisoners and booty. 


111 July, 1690, eight persons were killed while mowing in a field. The 
Indians were pursued to Wheelwright's Pond, where a bloody fight took 
place. Captain Wiswell and his lieutenant and sergeant and twelve men were 
killed, and the English were driven back. The Indians killed more than 
forty people in that week. On Alarch ly, 1690, Salmon Falls was attacked 
by Hertel. After reconnoitering, Hertel's scouts found that no watch was 
kept. Hertel decided to attack at daybreak. Dividing into three parties 
they attacked the three garrisons. Though taken by surprise, the garrisons 
fought well, but in the end had to gi\e up. Thirty of the inhabitants were 
killed and fifty-four made prisoners, all the buildings burned ; no place 
could have been made more desolate. Alarmed at the approach of the Eng- 
lish, Hertel retreated through Berwick, and crossing the river by the bridge, 
stood at bay until night, when the English withdrew. 

August 28, 1698, Jeremiah Swain marched to Berwick with 600 men 
and remained awhile. After Swain left, the Indians swooped down on Dur- 
ham again, carrying away several, killing eighteen men and three children. 
Later a roving party killed seven at Berwick. 


While the ground was covered with snow a small war party fell upon 
Neal's garrison, with great fury. Fortunately, the sentinel discovered their 
approach in season to give the alami. A young man and a girl that were at 
some distance ran for their lives. The girl was quickly overtaken and toma- 
haw'ked. The lad almost reached the garrison when they shot him. Think- 
ing him dead, they left him and charged upon the garrison. A well-aimed 
volley killed the leader, and while the Indians were trying to drag his body 
away, the boy up and ran into the garrison. Then the Indians withdrew, and 
fell upon Smith garrison. They were soon beaten off, however. Captain 
Brown, aroused by the firing, rushed to their assistance with a dozen good men. 
He came upon the Indians as they were binding up their plunder, and put 
them to flight, firing at them and wounding some of them, as the blood on 
the snow showed. The liidians left all their plunder, hatchets and blankets. 
This time they burned two houses and killed seventy cattle. 

In October, 1703, they again attacked Berwick and destroyed the village. 
In 1704, a hundred friendly Indians, Piquods, Mohigans and Mautics, were 
posted here to keep off the Indians from the east and Canada. They were 
under the command of Maj. Samuel Monson. They were fed and clothed 
by Massachusetts and given twelve pence a day by Connecticut. In July, 
the Piscataqua settlements were terrorized, at Dover. Three were killed, 
three wounded, and three captured. July 18 they killed one man at Niwich- 
awarnock and captured Wheelwright's "Sambo." David Gorland was killed 


at Dover, April 26, Jolin Church was killed and John I lane and Humphrey 
Foss taken prisoners, but were released by the determined efforts of Lieu- 
tenant Heard. 

May 14, at Spruce creek, they killed one lad, and carried others away. 
They then went to Oyster river, where they shot Jeremiah Cromett and 
burned a sawmill at Dover. Ensign Tuttle was killed and a son of Lieu- 
tenant Heard \\ouncled while standing guard. John Bickwcll was shot at 
Spruce creek as he was locking his door, his wife wounded, and his child 
knocked in the head and scalped. The two children of John Waldron were 
seized outside of Heard's garrison (this was the old garrison of Waldron's) 
and their heads cut off, as the Indians did not have time to scalp them. This 
time there were no men in the fort and Esther Jones deceived the Indians 
by calling out, "Come on, come on; here they are!" which had the effect 
desired, and the Indians withdrew. On October 25, 1704, the Indians 
appeared at Oyster river again. 


October 25, 1704, two men w-ere shot going home from church. The 
Indians, being vigorously attacked, dropped their packs, and in them were 
found three scalps. In the spring of 1705 they were on the east side of the 
Piscataqua river, killing five settlers at Spruce creek and capturing many more. 
Mrs. Hall was killed ; Enoch Hutchins lost his wife and children. Three 
weeks later John Rodgers was wounded and James Toby shot. In May, 
1705, they wounded Mark Gile; W. Pearl and Nathan Tibbets were shot. 
These attacks were by bands of roving Indians. Pearl lived in a cave up 
Oyster river and he had been urged to come into the settlement, but he 
would not. 

On May 22, 1707, they captured two at Oyster river. In July they came 
upon John Bunker and Ichonard Rawlins, aged twenty and thirty, of Dover, 
and killed them both as they were driving a cart from Dover to Oyster 
river. They also killed many cattle. 

In 1710 the settlers were warned of a new outbreak, and 400 
soldiers were posted in the New Hampshire towns. In 171 1 they appeared 
at Dover and found Thomas Downs and three men at work in a field. These 
they killed, and lay in ambush for the settlers as tjicy came from church. 
They succeeded in killing one and came near another, but the alarm was given 
and the Indians withdrew. In 17 12 they killed Ensign Tuttle at Dover and 
Jeremiah Cromwell at Oyster river; later they killed Josei)h Ham at Dover, 
carrying off his three children. Next Tristram Heard was killed. In the 
spring of 1705 the Indians made a descent on Oyster river Pud Nathanial 
Meader was shot while in his field. 


Some Quakers who did not share in the ideas of war and who Hved out 
on Knox marsh, were singled out for attack, as they would not go to the 
garrisons. Ebenezer Downs was taken and used very roughly because he 
would not dance before the Indians. John Hanson was urged repeatedly to 
come to the garrisons but he would not, so the French Mohawks singled him 
out. One day when Hanson and his eldest daughter were away at church, 
the two eldest boys out in the field and the wife at home with four children, 
tlie time they had been waiting for, the Indians went to the house and killed 
the younger children, took the wife and a fourteen-day old infant with the 
nurse and two other daughters and a young son and carried tliem into cap- 
tivity, after sacking the house. This was so cpiietly done that the first to dis- 
cover it was the eldest daughter when she returned home and beheld the 
horrible sight. The alarm was given. Mrs. Hanson was at the time at the 
edge of the woods but could not cry out. She was taken to Canada and sold. 
She has left a very forceful history of that journey. 

Mrs. Hanson was a woman of slight build and tender constitution. But 
she had a finn and vigorous mind, and passed through the Indian captivity 
with much resolution and courage. When her milk gave out she nourished 
her babe by warming water in her mouth, and letting it fall on her breasts 
fed the child, until the squaws taught her how to beat the kernels of walnuts 
and boil them with husked corn, which proved a nourishing food for the 
baby. They were all sold to the French in Canada. Hanson went the next 
spring and redeemed his wife and three young children and the nurse, but 
could not the eldest daughter, although he saw her and talked with her. She 
married a Frenchman and never returned. He redeemed Elizabeth Downs. 
Hanson made another trip, but died at Crown Point on his way to Canada. 

Hanson after the first attack went to live with another Quaker who had 
several lusty sons "who kept the guns loaded for big game." After Hanson 
had returned to his old home the Indians determined to make another attack, 
watching for a favorable opportunity. They secreted themselves in a barn 
when three men went by. The Indians fired and killed William Evans; Benja- 
min and John Evans being slightly wounded, but bleeding freely. The Indians, 
thinking John dead, scalped him, turned him over and pounded him with their 
guns and left him. He was taken to the fort where he recovered and lived fifty 
years longer. The Indians made their escape, taking Benjamin Evans as a 
captive. He was at this time thirteen years old and was later redeemed in 
the usual way, September 25, 17.25. 

This was the last foray into Dover, New Hampshire, as three months later 
a treaty was signed at Boston and in the spring was ratified at Falmouth, 1726. 
After peace was declared, the Indians often visited the very homes they had 
despoiled. The treaty was ratified by Governor Drummer and \\^enamouit, 
sachem and sagamore of the Penobscots. 




Tlie sympathies of Dover in the Revolutionary struggle were almost with- 
out exception upon the patriotic side. It had few office holders to sympa- 
thize \\ itii tlieir employers. The teachings of Rev. Jeremy Belknap from the 
pulpit w ere bold and inspiring. 

The first utterance which is found from Doctor Belknap bearing upon 
the subject which was beginning to enlist the thoughts of our fathers occurs 
in a sennon which he preached November lo, 1772, before His Majesty's 
Governor, John Wentworth, Esq., at a review of the Second Regiment of 
Foot in Dover. New Hampshire had lx>en inured to military service through 
its long period of war with the Indians. An old law reijuired every male 
inhabitant from sixteen to sixty years of age to own a musket, bayonet, knap- 
sack, cartridge-box, one pound of powder, twenty bullets, and twelve flints. 
This militia was organized into companies and regiments, and subject to fre- 
cjuent drills. The muster-day and the review was a great occasion. Dover 
was a center of this military stir. .At this gathering here in November, 
1772, the royal Go\ernor, John Wentworth, came up from Portsmouth. 
Captain Walderne, a member of this church, and a staunch friend of his 
pastor, had invited Doctor Belknap to i)reach to the troops. The subject 
chosen by the preacher was, "Military Duty." In the course of the sermon 
he spoke as follows on the necessity of self-defense: 

"Has the all-wise and merciful Parent of the universe furni.shed the brute 
and reptile creation with the necessary instruments of defense, and does the 
instinct which he has implanted in them prompt them to make use of these 
weapons for their own subsistence and security ? and has He not implanted in 
mankind a natural courage or martial spirit and given them skill and power 
to provide themselves with all the necessary instruments of defense, and can 
it be supposed that we must make no use of gifts of nature, even when 
Providence points out the necessity ? Do we guard our fields from devouring 
beasts, our houses and bodies from the rigors of the weather, and shall we 
not have the privilege of defending our lives, our lil)ertics, our property, our 



families, our civil goveniment from hostile invaders ? Must we tamely yield 
to every lawless usurper and suffer tyrants to sport with the lives and estates 
of mankind? Must all these laws, which the wisdom and experience of ages 
have founded, must the sacred bonds of society, the peace, the welfare, the 
happiness of mankind be sacrificed to the impetuous rage of a foreign con- 
queror? Forbid it, reason and conscience; forbid it, ye heroic worthies of 
old, who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained 
promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the violence of fire, escaped 
the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in 
fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens." 

The officers of the Second Regiment of Foot were so pleased with this 
address that they asked a copy for the press. 

The General Assembly of New Hampshire was in session in May this 
year, 1774. Conformably to the proceedings of the Assemblies of other 
colonies, the representatives in this province appointed a Committee of Cor- 
respondence. Governor Wentworth interfered. He adjourned the Assem- 
bly. The members met again. The Governor with a sheriff' came among 
them. He declared their meeting illegal. The sheriff made proclamation for 
all persons to disperse and keep the king's peace. The members met again, 
and determined to send letters to all the towns and parishes in the Province, 
requesting them to send deputies to a convention at Exeter, who should choose 
delegates to a General Congress to meet at Philadelphia. This was the first 
movement for rallying the whole of the people of New Hampshire in the 
great contest. Attached to this most important letter to the several towns 
was this brief proclamation : "Considering the Distressing situation of our 
public affairs, Thursday, the 14th inst., is recommended to be kept as a day 
of Fasting. Humiliation, and Prayer through this Province." 

The day was observed here in Dover with special religious solemnity. 
On that occasion, July 14, 1774, Doctor Belknap preached a sennon which 
bears this title. "On Account of the Difficulties of the King." The text was 
from I Sam. viii. 18: "And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king 
which ye shall have chosen you; and the Lord will not hear you in that day." 
A most pertinent text. In this sermon he says : 

"It is, my brethren, a very dark day to tliese American colonies. Burdens 
and taxes are laid upon us by the Parliament of Great Britain, and the most 
forcible attempts are made to bring us to a submission, and what further is 
intended we know not, but we have reason to fear much, considering how 
highly they are incensed against us, and what power they have to carry their 
determination into execution. * * * \\'hen a ruler departs from these 
principles, and sets up any other rule of government than the laws and Consti- 
tution which he is sworn to maintain, then the government degenerates into 


Perhaps tlie most remarkable passage in tliis noble sermon is the following: 

"Would it not be astonishing to hear that a people who are contending so 
earnestly for liberty are not willing to allow liberty to others ? Is it not aston- 
ishing to tliink that there are at this day, in the several colonies upon this 
continent, some thousands of men, women, and children detained in bond- 
age antl sla\ery for no other crime than that their skin is of a darker color 
than our own ? Such is the inconsistency of our conduct ! As we have made 
them slaves without their consent and without any crime, so it is just in God 
to peniiit other men to make slaves of us." 

The tidings of the battle of Lexington reached Belknap at Dover Point, 
as he was on his way home from Portsmouth. He sent from the Point the 
following note to his wife: 

"Before you receive this you will hear the awful news by the express I 
met just now at the ferry of the devastation the troops have made at Concord 
and the commencement of a civil war, which makes it absolutely necessary 
that I should proceed immediately to Boston, if it is not in ashes before I get 
there. I shall try and get a chaise at Greenland. As necessity has no law, 
the people must excuse my absence next Sabbath if I should not return 
before it." 

He arrived at Cambridge in due time, and found himself "among ten 
thousand armed men who had gathered from every quarter" to take part in 
the next battle. From there he writes to his wife in Dover, "Don't let my 
gun and munition get out of the house if you can help it." The brave parson 
knew his gun well. Among his papers is a very precise description of it. 
He doubtless thought it most probable that he should be called to fight, in 
which case no "carnal weapon" could have served him better. 

While at Cambridge, he preached in the morning in the street and in the 
afternoon in the meeting liouse to the provincial army there assembled. He 
soon returned home with his parents. 

Dover for the next few months was astir with military preparations. 
There was a company at once enlisted here by Capt. Benjamin Titcomb. On 
the 14th of June, three days before fire opened on Bunker Hill, Doctor Bel- 
knap preached to these soldiers on the "Nature of true courage." He said, 
"It is a very fashionable doctrine, especially among the British trooi)s. that 
the soldier has nothing to do with the conscience of war, or to inquire whether 
it be just or not. He has only to obey orders. If soldiers had no conscience, 
if they were horses instead of men, this doctrine might be propagated with 
the utmost safety. But, my brethren, you are reasonable creatures. You 
are accountable to a higher tribunal than any earthly power, and you have a 
right to examine, and it is your duty to examine, whether the cause in which 
you are engaged is just, and if you find that it is so, you can fight with a good 
conscience, and with a hope in the Divine Providence for liberty and success. 


Let, then, every man behave himself in his proper station according to the 
duty required of him, and serve his country to the utmost of his power." 

Four days after, news having been received that a battle had commenced 
at Charlestown, this company, under Captain Titcomb, marched to the scene 
of battle. 

It is matter of known tradition that Doctor Belknap, when news arrived 
of the Declaration of Independence, went to the one town school at Pine Hill, 
then kept by Master Wigglesworth, announced that America was now a 
nation, and himself and the master at the head, stopping to take up a drum- 
mer by the way, the whole school marched through town as far as the 
Col. John Walderne mansion, and returned. At the schoolhouse Doctor Bel- 
knap offered prayer, and a holiday was then given. 

The people of Dover took an early part as a municipality in remonstrating 
against those aggressions of the British government which led to the Revolu- 
tion, and when remonstrances failed, and the cause of liberty was submitted 
to the stern arl^itrament of arms, none e.xerted themselves more cheerfully or 
contributed more in proportion to their means to render that cause success- 
ful. As a record of interest, we publish from the town records all the pro- 
ceedings, votes, etc., which we find in reference to the Revolutionary war. 
The first record whicli is made is the following: 

"At a legal meeting of the qualified voters of the town of Dover, this 
tenth day of January, 1774, convened at the Friends' Meeting-House in said 
town on purpose to consider of the innovations attempted to be made on 
American Privileges — 

"Col. Otis Baker was chosen Moderator — 

"Although we deprecate every thing which in its infant motions tends to 
alienate the affections which ought to subsist among the subjects of the same 
King, yet, we cannot longer behold the Arts used to curtail the Priviledges 
purchased with blood and treasure of British America, and of New England 
in particular, for their Posterity, without bearing our Testimony against tliem. 

"As these Colonies have recognized the Protestant Kings of Great Britain 
as their Lawful Sovereign, and WE in this Province the Man whom the 
King has pleased to send us as his Representative — We acknowledge this 
Representative from our first formation into a Government has had a nega- 
ti\-e voice on all Bills proposed by Laws in the manner his Majesty has at 

"And as it doth not appear that any Parliaments have been parties to any 
Contracts made with the European Settlers in this once howling Wilderness, 
now become a pleasant field — We look on our Rights too dearly bought, to 
admit them now as Tax masters — Since (by laws as firm as tlie honor of 
crowned heads can make them, and which we have no Apprehension so good 
and gracious a King as we obey, will suffer to be abridged) we have Parlia- 


ments of our own — who always with tlie greatest Cheerfulness furnished his 
Majesty such Aids as he has been pleased to require from time to time 
according to the Abilities of the i'eopie, and e\en beyond them, of which, 
none but tliemselves could be adc<iuate Judges. 

"Why the King's Subjects in Great Britain should frame Laws for his 
Subjects in America, rather than the reverse, we cannot well conceive, as we 
do not admit it to be tlrawn from any I 'act made by our ancestors, or from 
the Nature of the British Constitution, which makes Representation essential 
to Taxation — and this supix)sed Power of Parliament for taxing America is 
quite novel, some few Instances for the better Regulation of Trade excepted, 
which no more i)rove their supposed ixight, than the Tortious Entry of a 
Neighbor into the Infant's field does tiiat of tiie Intruder — but if Superior 
Strengtli be the best plea, how- would they relish the Alternative? which if 
political Arithmetic deceives not advances w ith Hasty Strides ; tiio' nothing 
but downright oppression w ill ever effect it. 

"Therefore, Resolved, ily, That any attempt to take the Property of any 
of the King's Subjects for any purpose whatever where they are not rei)re- 
sented, is an Infraction of the English Constitution; and manifestly tends as 
well to destroy it, as the subject's private property, of which recent proofs are 

Resolved 2ly, That We, and our American Brethren, are the liege People 
of King George the Third, and therefore have as full, and ample a Claim, to 
all the Privileges and Immunities of Englishmen, as any of his Subjects three 
ihcjusand miles distant — tlie Truth of which, our l);.'meanor clearJx- c\inces. 

"Resolved 3ly, That the Parliament in Britain by suffering the East India 
Company to send us their Teas subject to a Duty on landing, have in a meas- 
ure testified a Disregard to the Interests of Americans, w hose liberal Services 
ill deserves such ungenerous Treatment. 

"Resolved 4ly, That we are of opinion that any seeming Supineness of this 
Province in these very — very interesting matters, hath proceeded from a Con- 
sideration of their Smallness among their Brethren, rather than from any 
insensibility of impending Evils. 

"Resolved 5ly, That this Town approves the general Exertions, and noble 
struggles, made by the opulent Colonies through the Continent, for preventing 
so fatal a Catastrophe as is implied in Taxation without Representation, viz 
Slavery — than which, to a generous Mind, Death is more Eligible. 

"Resolved 61y, That We are, and always will be ready in every constitu- 
tional Way, to give all the Weight in our Power to avert so dire a Calamity. 

"Resolved /ly. That a Dread of Ijeing enslaved Ourselves, and of trans- 
mitting the Chains to our Posterity (by which we shouhl justly merit tlieir 
curses) is the principal Inducement of these Measures. 

"And Whereas, our house of Commons have a Committee for correspond- 


ing with those of the several Colonies on these matters, and the Committees 
of the several Towns in this Government to correspond with each other at 
the necessary Times, may be subservient to the common Cause — Therefore 
resolved that a Committee to consist of five persons be chosen for that 

"Voted that Col. Otis Baker, Capt. Caleb Hodgdon, Capt. Stephen Evans, 
Capt. Joshua W'ingate, and John Wentworth, jr, or either three of them, be 
the Committee of Correspondence for this Town. 

"Voted that the proceedings of this meeting be entered in the Records 
of this Town, and that an attested Copy thereof be sent to the Committee of 
Correspondence at Portsmouth, to assure them, and all concerned, that our 
hearts are knit with those, who wish the weal (as it is constitutionally fixed) 
of our most gracious Sovereign, and all his numerous subjects." 

July 1 8, 1774. — A committee of five was chosen to represent the town at 
a meeting to be held at Exeter for "appointing Delegates to join in a General 
Congress of the Provinces for considering of and advising to the most con- 
ciliating methods of establishing their rights and hannony among all the 
subjects of our gracious Sovereign, which meeting is proposed to be held on 
the 1st Sept. at Philadelphia." .<\nd £6 los. were voted as the proportion of 
Dover towards paying the ex{>enses of the delegates, which the selectmen 
were authorized to advance. 

November 7. 1774. — A town meeting was called to see if the inhabitants 
would raise anything, either "in Money, Fat Cattle or Sheep," for the relief 
of the Poor in Boston, then suffering from the operations of the Port Bill. 
And it was voted that the town would "give something." 

December 26, 1774. — At a town meeting the following preamble and reso- 
lutions were adopted : 

"The Designs of the Continental Congress holden at Philadelphia being so 
humane and benevolent, the result of their proceedings so salutary and effect- 
ive as justly to attract the notice of the millions of freemen in America, this 
town on mature consultation are fully convinced that nothing (under Heaven) 
will so evidently tend to preserve the rights of Americans or frustrate the 
attempts already made for their destruction as carrying the same into full 
execution. For which purpose, 

"Voted, That Messrs. Otis Baker, Shadrach Hodgdon, Stephen Evans, 
Joshua Wingate, John Waldron 3d, Caleb Hodgdon, John Wentworth, Jr., 
John Kielle, and John Gage be a committee. 

"Voted, they have the following instructions, viz.: 

"ist. We expect that to the utmost of your power you carefully intend 
the preservation of peace and good order in the town so far as the same may 
be endangered by a discussion of sentiment relative to political matters. 

"2d. We enjoin vou tliat bv e\erv lawful means vou see the recommen- 


dations and proceedings of the Continental Congress strictly complied with 
by the inhabitants of this town so far as we are therein concerned. 

"3dly. As examples you are to encourage every kind of Temperance, 
Frugality, Industry, and Economy and to discountenance every species of 
Vice, Immorality, and Profaneness. Neither to use any sort of Gameing or 
unlaw ful diversions yoursehes nor suffer it to be done within your knowledge 
without intimating your own dislike and the displeasure of the town thereat. 

"4ly. ^\'hereas, Hawkers, Pedlars, and Petty Chajjuien are continually 
strolling through the country with Goods, Wares, and Merchandise (much 
of which was undoubtedly forwarded by the enemies of America) in order to 
vend the same to the great hurt and decay of trade and in defiance of a good 
and wholesome law of this Government — You are therefore not knowingly 
to harbor, conceal or entertain any one of them, nor purchase any of their 
wares, nor permit any within your knowledge to do it, and in case any Tav- 
erner, Innholder, or Retailer within this town, after being duly informed 
thereof, shall be knowingly guilty of either the acts in this instruction men- 
tioned — \'ou are to take every legal measure to i)revent their ever here- 
after being licensed by the Court of Sessions either as Taverners or Retailers. 

"5ly. Notwithstanding any persons may be so daring and hardy as to 
counteract the sense of the town expressed in these instructions, you are by 
no means to sufifer any insult or abuse to be offered to either their persons 
or estates, but use your utmost endeavor to prevent the same. 

"61y. Of all breaches of these Instructions you are as soon as may be to 
inform your neighbors and the Selectmen of the town that whenever it may 
be necessary the town may be conxened in order to consult and advise 

July 13, 1776. — "Voted that forty-two shillings be given by the town to 
each of the soldiers enlisted and that shall enlist since the nth inst., and 
proceed in the present expedition to Canada, not exceeding fifteen or sixteen 
men, and that the Selectmen hire the money (and pay the same) in the best 
manner they can immediately on the town's account." 

May 5, 1777. — "Voted that Col. Otis Baker, Capt. Thomas Young, and 
Capt. John Hayes be empowered to enlist what men is wanting to make this 
town's quota of men for completing the Battalions to be raised in this State, 
on the best tenus they can. 

"Voted, that the Selectmen furni-^h the Committee with money to hire 
said men and raise the same in the next tax bill." 

May 15, 1777. — "Voted that the Alarm and Train Bantl Lists have three 
shillings a day and one shilling and sixpence a half day allowed them by the 
town for each day they train in a year more than the law requires." 

September 10, 1777. — It was "voted that thirty dollars be given to each 


soldier who enlists for tlie Continental Service until the last of November 
next, and that the Selectmen pay each soldier the said sum when mustered." 

March 30, 1778. — It was "voted that a committee of two persons be chosen 
to inquire into the state of our quota of Continental troops, and if we are 
found lacking to take the most effectual measure for filling up the same." 

June 15, 1778. — It was "voted that Air. John Bm. Hanson, Col. Joshua 
Wingate and Maj. Caleb Hodgdon be a committee to hire six men as soldiers 
to go to Rhode Island to reinforce General Sullivan's Division." 

May 10, 1779. — It was "voted that the Selectmen advance the Conti- 
nental and State bounty agreeable tu a request of the Committee of Safety 
if they have it in stock, and if not the Selectmen are empowered to hire money 
for said purpose." 

July 5, 1779. — It was "voted that the Selectmen advance the Continental 
bounty being £60 and State bounty of £30 and travel for five men, and if 
they have it not in hand that they hire the same and have power to raise it in 
the next year's tax." 

"Voted that a committee be chosen to hire eight men for the Continental 
Army one year and five men for the service at Rhode Island six months." 

August 30, 1779. — It was "voted that a hundred dollars a month be given 
nine men to serve as soldiers at Portsmouth, &c., including what the State 
is to pay them." 

June 26, 1780. — It was "voted that the Selectmen be a committee for the 
purpose of getting eight men for the Continental Service on the best terms 
they can." 

July 4, 1780. — It was "voted that the Selectmen with the two Captains 
of the Companies in Dover be a committee to get our quota of militia men 
for the Continental service." 

January 22, 1781. — It was "voted that Air. Andrew Torr, Capt. John 
Gage, and Alaj. Benja Titcomb be a committee to get the proportion of men 
wanting from this town to fill up and complete the Continental Army in the 
cheapest and most expeditious manner possible." 

March 5, 1781. — It was "voted that each Recruit from this Town as their 
quota of men for completing the Continental Army have and receive as wages 
fourteen bushels of Indian Corn per month during their stay in service, and 
that the Selectmen give their security for the payment of the same accord- 

July 16, 1781. — On the petition of Capt. Thomas Young and Capt. James 
Calef. stating that they had been "ordered by Col. Stephen Evans without 
loss of time to enlist or draft fourteen able bodied effective men to serve three 
months if not sooner discharged, wherever the commander in chief shall 
order as soldiers," it was "voted that Capt. Young and Capt. Calef be a 
committee to raise the 14 men required, and that they give thirty shillings 


silver money to eacli man that enlists, whicli they shall have whether called 
on to go into service or not, and when they march each man shall receive 
thirty shillings more like money." 

September 19, 1781. — At a town meeting held for raising soldiers, it was 
"voted that nine men now to be raised for three months be given ten silver 
dollars each as bonnty and paid fourteen bushels of merchantal)le Indian 
corn per month by the town in January, 1782." 

After this date we find no record of any further proceedings in relation 
to the war. 

The capture of Fort \\'illiam and Mary, December 14, 1774, largely by men 
from Durham, intensified the struggle. Of the men concerned in it promi- 
nently were Sullivan, Adams, Scammel, and others. 

The then Governor, John Wentworth, the best of all the royal Governors 
of that day, descended from that William Wentworth who was elder of the 
Dover First Church, and of the same blood with that Earl of Strafford who 
was beheaded in the time of the first Charles, and with the British premier, 
the Marquis of Rockingham, soon sailed away never again to set foot upon 
his native soil. John Langdon, after gallant service in the war and priceless 
service in its civil support, became Governor and the first president of the 
Senate of the United States. John Sullivan, then a lawyer in Durham, was 
son of that John Sullivan who was once schoolmaster of the town of Dover, 
and who was the father of Governors, and was born on Dover side of the 
Salmon Falls. To him the refugee Livius wrote from Montreal in 1777 
urging his return to the royal cause, promising him particular reward, and 
saying, "You were the first man in active rebellion," and Livius had fled from 
Portsmouth. Sullivan became major-general and Governor of his State. 
Winbom Adams, also of Dover blood, was lieutenant-colonel when he met 
his death at Stillwater. Alexander Scammel, of that Durham party, was 
adjutant-general of the army when he fell at Yorktown. Demeritt, Griffin, 
Bennett, Chesley, Noble, and Durgin of that expedition all did service in the 
army of the Revolution. 

When news came of the slaughter at Concord, Mass., New Hampshire was 
aroused. Men collected from every quarter. "It is surprising," wrote Col. 
John Wentworth, April 25th, "to see the number who collected. Some came 
to Dover, twenty miles or more." Shadracli Hodgdon and Stephen Evans 
represented Dover in the convention of the "Friends of Liberty," which met 
at Exeter on the 13th of May. That convention voted to raise two thousand 
men, and to accept those who had already hurried to the field. Three regi- 
ments were raised. Stark's and Reid's had the glory of fighting at Bunker 
Hill. The other, the Second, Colonel Poor's, was largely on duty on the 
coast, from Odiorne's Point to the Merrimac. Most of the Dover soldiers were 
in that Second, but there were scattering recruits in the Third certainly. 


In the Second was the company of Capt. Winborn Adams, — John Griffin, 
first lieutenant ; Zebulon Drew, second lieutenant, — from Durham, which was 
at Bunker Hill. In the same regiment was Capt. Jonathan Wentworth, "old 
Colonel Jonathan," of Rollinsford ; James Carr, first lieutenant; Jethro Heard, 
second lieutenant. He made a forced march of sixty-two miles previous to the 
battle of Bunker Hill, and arrived in Chelsea on that morning, but could not 
cross the river on account of the enemy, and went round bv way of Medford. 
Jonathan Wentworth was adjutant of Colonel Evans' regiment at the capture 
of Burgoyne, and in 1778 was on the staff of Sullivan with the rank of lieu- 
tenant-colonel. His posterity are here. He had two brothers in service, one 
of whom died in the army. In the Third Regiment was Ezra Green, its sur- 
geon, well known to many living, v, ho had passed his hundred years when 
he died in Dover. He served on land until 1778, and then sailed with John Paul 
Jones, and was surgeon of the Ranger in its great battle. Immediately 
after the battle of Bunker Hill reinforcements went forward. I find in Bel- 
knap's diary, on the second day after the battle, "Benj. Titcomb's co. marched 
from here." This was that Benjamin Titcomb, brother of old Colonel John, 
who afterwards became lieutenant-colonel, and one of the most gallant men 
in the army. Though severely wounded in three different battles he served 
through the war, and ended his days here at his house by Dunn's bridge. His 
descendants are still in Dover. With him in 1775 was his first lieutenant, 
Frederick Mordantt Bell, who, a captain in 1777, was mortally wounded at 
Stillwater. His granddaughter is still here. Ephraim Evans was second 
lieutenant in the same company. The present Dover also raised at once 
another company, — John Waldron, captain; Timothy Roberts, first lieuten- 
ant; Paul W'elland, second lieutenant; John Heard, ensign, — and sent it to 
Cambridge, mustered in July 3, 1775. 

In 1775 the six towns which composed ancient Dover had, between the 
ages of sixteen and fifty, 1,070 men, including the sick, the feeble, 
the exempt, and the sailors off at sea. Of this number, in the early 
autumn of that year, 150, or nearly one-se\enth of the whole, had shoul- 
dered the musket and were actually in the field. It was evidence of the same 
alacrity which caused New Hampshire to furnish more than half the men 
who fought the battle of Bunker Hill, at the ver}- gates of Boston. 

Washington made an urgent appeal to New Hampshire for men, and Sul- 
livan added his influence. Thirty-one companies volunteered and marched to 
Cambridge. In this force were the companies of Elijah Dinsmore, of Lee; 
Alpheus Chesley, of Durham; IMoses Yeaton, of Somersworth ; and John 
Waldron, of Dover. In December, 1775, New Hampshire had in the field 
over five thousand men ! John Waldron was in service w hen the exigency 
arose. He came home to Dover to raise recruits. Of his own company, 

Ebenezer Ricker was first lieutenant, and John Goodwin was second lieuten- 


ant. Tradition lias told us that in tour days he and his selected officers 
enlisted in this vicinity 700 men. which he coniniandctl as colonel. 
The roster does not ajjpear on our adjutant-general's books, antl we had there- 
fore doubted the truth of his colonelcy; but documents recently produced 
show him at Cambridge the next spring, in command of his regiment, and 
with the missing roster. The energetic Col. John W'alderne lived where the 
late Taylor Page liveil, alx)ve Garrison Hill. The son of Harrison Haley, of 
this city, is the grandson of the colonel's grandson. An entry in Belknap's 
diary says: "Dec. 9, 1775, dined at Capt. John W'aldron's, and prayed in the 
companies." The conij)anies of the upper vicinity were, therefore, camped 
at Walderne's. The fathers pitched their tents there, on that high ground 
looking down into Di)\cr. 'i'hey saw then ])Ut one sjiire, if the parish church 
had one. They looked down on a few score of hcnises. "Route stej), march!" 
As they obeyed, with t^int-lock guns at a shoulder and powder-horns by their 
side, they passed beautiful Garrison Hill and its few houses, and the spot 
where Heard's garrison had stood out against the sagaves eighty-six years 
before, almost as lonely as then. From that spot they found no houses till 
the site of Otis' garrison, the scene of barliarous slaughter in 1689. And 
next was the then elegant mansion of the soldier of Louisburg, Thomas West- 
brook Waldeme. They crossed the then new upper bridge (no historian tells 
us whether its piers were of faced stone or of crib-work), and they saw only 
a grist mill and a sawmill on the dam which then fretted the waters of the 
Cochecho. They passed over a hill in front of the place where Varney's 
block now stands, and saw one house high up on the side of the road, where 
Coffin's garrison had once fallen. Crossing the gully, they must have stopped 
in front of the first house reached, that of John Wentworth, Jr., that old 
house still standing next south of the Belknap church, and saluted the youth- 
ful patriot lawyer, whose heart was ali\e in the cause. Then the houses 
became more plentiful, and they passed in front of the Dover hotel, then 
in its early prosperity, and so went on the Durham road and on to the siege 
of Boston. 

It is not the purpose to follow the history of the se\en years' struggle. 
With the statement that the towns which made ancient Dover did their full 
share, we can barely mention the names of a few others who did service. 
We see the name of Hercules Mooney, of Lee. He had been a captain under 
Colonel Meserve, in 1757. In 1777 he was lieutenant-colonel in Colonel 
Long's regiment, at Ticonderoga, and in 1779 was colonel, and commanded 
a regiment. In Colonel Long's regiment was also Lieut. Samuel Stackpole, 
also at Ticonderoga, and later under \\'ashington farther south. Dr. Paul 
A. Stackpole, of this city, is his grandson. In September, 1776, Col. Thomas 
Tash, the old French war soldier, led a regiment to reinforce the Con- 
tinental amiy. which with others joined Washington in Pennsylvania, and 


was at Trenton and Princeton. Joseph Smitli was his adjutant, and Jon- 
athan Chesley his quartennaster. Timothy White, who had been at the cap- 
ture of Louisburg, was quartermaster of Col. Joshua Wingate's regiment, 
raised for Canada, but whicli joined the Xorthern army in New York. 
Hon. John H. White, late of this city, was Timothy White's grandson. 
Dr. Samuel Wiggleswatii was surgeon of tliat regiment. Lieut. Enoch Chase, 
of Do\er, was witli Winborn Adams and Benjamin Titcomb and Frederick 
M. Bell, and was in the Burgoyne campaign. He was captain in 1780 and 
1781. Mrs. J. B. H. Odiorne is his granddaughter. In Moses Yeaton's com- 
pany, in 1775. was Lieut. Samuel Wallingford. He was captain in Colonel 
Gilman's regiment in 1776 (James Xute his first lieutenant), and was lieu- 
tenant of marines on Jones' "Ranger" in 1778, when he fell in its action with 
the "Drake." Col. Stephen Evans, a soldier at the capture of Louisburg, com- 
manded a regiment at the capture of Burgoyne. He was a colonel on the staff 
of General Whipple in 1778. He lived to a ripe old age, and his descendants 
are in Dover. Alpheus Chesley was lieutenant-colonel in Col. Walderne's 
regiment in 1776, and Jonathan Cliesley was quartemiaster under Colonel 
Wingate in 1778. William Twombly was ensign in Colonel Reid's regiment 
in 1777 and later. Numerous descendants are still here. Of the Dover com- 
pany in Colonel Evans' regiment in the Burgoyne campaign, James Libby was 
captain; Joshua Roberts, first lieutenant; Nathan Horn, second lieutenant; 
and Francis Warren, ensign. 

The records of others, and of the rank and file from Dover in the war, 
have not been preserved, nor the record of the sailors who went from Dover. 
Of these it can only be said that the large number of volunteers from Dover 
proved worthy of their descent from the hardy emigrants who came from 
the maritime counties of England. 



In the evening of the President's first call the citizens of Dover met in the 
city hall. The mayor, Alphonso Bickford, presided. The first two speakers 
were John P. Hale and Joseph H. Smith, both recognized as leaders in the 
opposing political parties. The resolutions, introduced by Hon. Charles W. 
Woodman, and unanimously adopted, were these : 

"Whereas the authority of the Federal Government of the United States 
has been denied, the Flag of the country fired upon, and the forts, arsenals, 
and other public property seized, and a series of outrages and wrongs perpe- 
trated for months upon the Government, uhose forbearance had been received 
as proof of pusillanimity, till open and flagrant war has been wantonly and 
causelessly waged upon the government and people of the United States, and 
the President has been forced to appeal to the People to maintain by force 
the honor, dignity, and continued existence of the Government they have 
established ; therefore 

"Resolved, In answer to said appeal of the President, that we, the citizens 
of Dover, feeling that our country is above j^arty, hereby pledge ourselves 
to sustain the administration of the General Government in the manly and 
patriotic position assumed by the President in his recent proclamation, and 
that we cheerfully and readily tender to the Governor of this State, and 
through him to the President of the United States, our full ]>roportion of 
such volunteer force as may be retpiircd of this State. 

"Re.solved, That a committee of tiirce be appointed at this meeting to 
obtain the names of at least one hundred men. who will hold themselves ready 
at the shortest notice to march wherever the demands of tlie country and tlie 
order of the govemment shall require." 

On Wednesday, the 17th, by authority of the Governor of this State, 
George W^ Colbath opened a recruiting office in our city hall. On Thursday 
he informed the Governor that the first company was full. He was directed 
to proceed with enlistments. On the ne.xt Monday one hundred and fifty 
men were on the muster roll. 

On the i8th of April the city councils voted to raise the flag upon the city 



hall, to give the hall for a drill-room, and unanimously determined to assist 
the families of the soldiers in the following terms, — the beginning of aid 
cheerfully given for years : 

"Whereas civil war has been inaugurated, our glorious Union assailed, 
and our institutions endangered ; and 

"Whereas our fellow-citizens promptly and cheerfully answered to the 
call of the government for aid in this its hour of peril; therefore 

"Resolved, By the City Council of the city of Dover that the sum of 
$10,000, or so much thereof as may be needed, be and hereby is appropriated 
for the benefits and wants of the families of those who have responded or 
shall respond to the call of the country for the support of the Constitution 
and Laws." 

On the 23d the members of the Strafford ^Medical Association resident in 
Dover issued an offer to give their professional services gratuitously to those 
families; the first signature on the list appropriately being that of a distin- 
guished fellow citizen, Noah Martin, a former Governor of this State. 

In the 26th one counted the flags that were floating in the air. There 
were forty of them from the houses in our streets : 

"Forty flags with their silver stars, 
Forty flags with their crimson bars." 

On Monday, the 29th, the first two companies were to leave home, to 
become Companies A and B of the First New Hampshire. On the day before 
they had listened to a stirring sermon in the old First Church from a suc- 
cessor of that minister who had preached to the soldiers here on the same 
spot as they were to take up their march for Cambridge in 1775. At 10 
o'clock. Monday morning, they were in line in Central square, 145 men in 
the ranks. Four thousand people witnessed the scene, — in the streets, from 
windows, from balconies, from the house-tops. The women had been work- 
ing day by day to supply needed clothing, some of them whose tears dropped 
as they sewed. Prayer was offered by one who soon after himself went to 
serve in the war vessels, — Rev. T. G. Salter. 

A third company was meanwhile formed from the excess of enlistments. 
Orders now came, however, to receive only those who would enlist for three 
years. On the nth of May the choice was given to each, — three years or to 
be discharged. 

Seventy-one on that day chose the three years, and five days afterwards 
the number was one hundred and four. On the 25th, that company left the 
city to become Company D in that gallant Second New Hampshire. 

Of how many men this city furnished during the four years that followed 
the record is not perfect. Even in the imperfect rolls there were Dover men 
in each of the first fifteen regiments and in the Eighteenth, in the cavalry, the 



navy, and tlie marine corps. FVom the call of July 2, 1862, 582 names are 
on record. Prior to that were all the first men of the first eight regiments, 
and of the sailors entering the navy before that date which should be added. 
Some examination of the rolls shows that more than eight hundred enlist- 
ments were made by this city of 8,500 inhabitants. This tells nothing of the 
sacrifices made. But of the number 1 1 1 gave their lives to their country. 

The slain alone fell at Fair Oaks, Second Manassas, F^redericksburg, and 
Gettysburg, at Cold Harbor, and Burnside's Mine, and Deep Bottom, and 
Bermuda Hundreds, in the Wilderness, at Spottsylvania, and Weldon Rail- 
road, and Petersburg, at Pocotaligo, and James Island and Wagner, and Port 

Dover men served in the Shenandoah and in the first disastrous march to 
Bull Run; they were in the Peninsula battles and marches; in the second 
battles before Washington; in the bloody charge at .\ntietam bridge. They 
were in the charge up the heights of St. Mary's. They were in the burning 
woods of Chancellorsville. They were where Lee hurled his legions against 
Cemetery Hill ; in the long and bloody march from the Wilderness to Peters- 
burg. They were in North Carolina, where the "swamjvangel" hurled death 
into Charleston, and on Florida rivers. They were with Burnside in Ten- 
nessee, and with Sherman back of Vicksburg. And they sailed the coast, and 
watched the harbors, and manned the war boats on the Mississippi. 

The following is a list of soldiers from Dover who were killed or died in 
service during the War of the Rebellion : 

Abbott, Orrin S. 
Abbott, Philbrick R. 
Babb, Henry. 
Ball, Joseph H. 
Batcman, William. 
Bennett, George P. 
Berry, Charles A. 
Blaisdell, David L. 
Brooks, William H. 
Brown, Charles H. 
Brown, James M. 
Brown, Nathaniel. 
Bryant, Perley B. 
Bunce, Eli. 
Buzzcll, A. J. H. 
Carney, Martin. 
Carpenter, Samuel. 
Carrill, Edward. 
"Carter, Charles .\. 
Chadwick, Charles E. 
Chase, Algernon F. 
Cole, Jeremiah. 
Conway, Thomas. 
Cook, Benjamin F. 

Cotter, James. 
Cousins, Charles E. 
Davis, William H. 
DeCater, William. 
Dennis, Joseph V. 
Drew, Andrew T. 
Drew, John S. 
Drew, Joseph. 
Emerson, Henry H. 
Emery, George W. 
Faxon, George K. 
Fisher, John C. 
Fitzgerald, John J. 
Flanders, Charles FL 
Foss, David H. 
Franklin, James W. 
Frye, Augustus. 
Frye, Charles A. 
Gage, George F. 
Glidden, Benjamin F 
Gray, Joshua B. 
Greene, Willis. 
Hackett, William H. 
Hanscom, Oliver P. 

Hanson, Benjamin. 
Hanson, William E. 
Harding, John F. 
Hartford, Joseph L. 
Hawkins, John D. 
Hawkins, William H. 
Hayes, David C. 
Heath, George W. 
Henderson, Thomas A. 
Hobbs, Nathaniel P. 
Holt, Benjamin F. 
Home, Gustavus P. 
Kelley, Moses R. 
Kimball, Charles B. 
Knott, James. 
Knox, Charles A. 
McDate, Patrick. 
McDate, Joseph. 
McDulc, Hugh. 
McKenna, Jame.s. 
McKone. James. 
McKone, Michael. 
Merrill. John Jr. 
Otis, William. 



Patterson, John H. 
Paul, George W. 
Perkins, Daniel L. 
Perkins, James. 
Pinkham, John S. 
Pinkham, William \V. 
Place, James G. K. 
Place, John H. 
Printy, Edwaid. 
Quimby, Joseph C. 
Rand, John T. 
Roberts, Charles P. 
Roberts, George W. 

Roberts, John. 
Rogers, Charles F. 
Robinson, William A. 
Rothwell, Eleazer. 
Rowe, Stephen. 
Sawyer, Charles W. 
Seavey, Charles H. 
Shaw, William. 
Smith, Daniel. 
Smith, Charles Herbert. 
Smith, John H. 
Snell, Albert F. 
Snell, William H. 

Steele, George H. 
Swain, Truman C. 
Thompson, Samuel. 
Tompkins, Charles R. 
Webster, Samuel. 
Wallace, Sylvester B. 
Welch, John. 
Wentworth, George G. 
Whitehouse, Alfred. 
Whyte, Andrew. 
Willey, George W. 
York, George. 
York, Josiah. 

The above is the Hst as corrected for the soldiers, monument of those who 
were killed or died in the service during the Rebellion. 

A soldiers' monument was erected in the Pine Hill burying-ground by 
Charles W. Sawyer Post, G. A. R., and dedicated September 17, 1877. Ben- 
jamin F. Prescott, Governor of the State, made the opening address, and 
the oration given by Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D. D., former chaplain of the 
Second Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. S. H. Foye, mayor, was presi- 
dent of the day. 


The following list embraces, so far as we know, the names of all the 
citizens of Dover who now are or have been since the commencement of the 
war in the military or naval service of the United States. The record has 
been corrected from the list prepared by the city clerk, and is as correct as 
time and circumstances permitted. 


(For three months. Mustered into service May i, 1861. Left Concord May 25, 1861.) 

Colonel, Mason W. Tappan, Bradford. 

Company A. 

George W. Colbath, ist lieul. 

Oliver M. Clark, 2d lieut. 

Ayer, Erastus M. 

Ashton, James H., reenlisted in the navy. 

Bickford, Joseph C, reenlisted in 7th Regt., 

Co. F. 
Brown, Enoch G., reenlisted in 17th Regt., 

regular army. 

Cochran, Adam, reenlisted in N. E. Cavalry. 
Daniels, Charles. Dame, John S. 

Foot, George E., reenlisted in nth Regt., 

Co. K. 
Gordon, Eben. Gleason, James. 

Goodwin, Samuel H., reenlisted in N. E. 

Guppy, George N., reenlisted in navy. 

Chase, George H., reenlisted in sharpshoot- Giles, Charles P. 

ers. Hartford, George, reenlisted in 7th Regt., 
Corson, Martin V. B,, reenlisted in 4th Regt., Co. F. 

Co. A. Haines, David. Hanscom, S. O. 



Hogan, William H. Rollins. Charles L. 

Kenniston, Samuel F., reenlistcd in "th Rest., Roberts, John If., reenlistcd in 4th Regt. 

Co. F. Co. A. 

Kno-x, Charles H., drowned at New York on Richards, P. B. 

his return home with his regiment. 
Kinihall, Fdward L., reenlisted in cavalry. 
Kimhall, Orrin. 
Lane, Joseph, reenlistcd in 4th Regt., Co. A. 

Smith, Charles F., reenlisted in cavalry. 
Steele, Thomas M., reenlisted in navy. 
Shaplcy, Martin L., reenlisted in 4th Regt. 
Co. G. 

Mudgctt, Jacob II., reenlistcd in Mass. Sharp- Tompkins, Charles R., reenlistcd in nth Regt, 

Meadcr, Thomas F. 
Meserve, George H. 
O'Brien, Owen. 

Co. K. 
Varncy, Shubael. 
Whitchouse, George W., reenlistcd in 4th 

Regt. Co. G. 

Perkins, Martin V. B., reenlisted in 7th Regt., Welsh, John, reenlisted in 5th Regt. Co. D. 

Co. F. Woodes, James M. 

Philbrick, Ivory E., reenlisted in N. R. Cav- Wiggin, Harvey F.. reenlistcd in 4th Regt. 

airy. ' Co. A. 

Place, John W., reenlistcd in 7th Regt., Co. F. York, James G., reenlisted in 7th Regt. Co. F. 
Perkins. Samuel, reenlisted in 7th Regt. Co. I. 

Company B. 

Charles W. Sawyer, ist lieut. 
Jasper G. Wallace, 2d lieut. 

Hall. Stephen T., reenlisted in 4th Regt. 
Co. A. 

Bryant, Pcrley B.. reenlisted in 7th Regt. Lord, Horace W., reenlistcd in 8th Regt. 

Co. I. 
Dame, Benjamin F. 
Dixon, James W. 
Dame, James C. 

Co. G. 
Legg, Lucien B., Jr., reenlisted in 4th Regt. 

Co. G. 
Lewis, John C. 

Emery, George W., reenlisted in pth Regt. I-^^^'- Thomas, reenlisted in 7th Regt. Co. F. 

Merrick, Stephen W. 
Keay, William H., reenlisted in 6th Regt. 

Co. H. 
Rogers, Charles F.. reenlisted in 5th Regt. 

Co. D. 
Rowe, Stephen, reenlistcd in 7th Regt. Co F. 
Randall. Jeremiah D. 
Waldron, John B., reenlistcd in 6th Regt. 

Co. H. 
Wcntworth. Clark, reenlisted in regular 

army, 17th Regt. 

Co. D. 
Fogg, John M. 

Foss, David H., reenlisted in 7th Regt. Co. F. 
Grant, Lucien H., reenlisted in 7th Regt. 

Co. F. 
Hanson, William E., reenlisted in 6th Regt. 

Co. H. 
Hanson, Harrison, reenlisted in 7th Regt. 

Co. F. 
Heath. .Monzo. reenlisted in gth Regt. Co. D. 

Hawkins. William II.. reenlisted in 7t!i Regt. Webster. Samuel, reen: sled in 7lh Regt. 
Co. L Co. F. 


(For three years. Mustered into service June 8, 1861, left Portsmouth June 20, 1861.) 
Colonel, Oilman Marston, Exeter. 

C0MP.\NY D. 

Hiram Collins, capt., wounded at Bull Run Roberts, George W., ist lieut. Co. C. 

July 21, 1861. .Abbott, Alexander L., discharged and reen- 

Samuel P. Sayles, 1st lieut.; wounded at listed. 

Glendale June 30, 1862, capt. Ashton, Benjamin F., Co. K; captured at 

Parmenter, Warren H., 2d lieut.; res. July Williamsburg; exchanged. 

8, 1862. Chadbourne, Moses C. 



Chadwick, Luther W., discharged July, 1861, 
for disability. 

Colby, Moses J., discharged for disability. 

Davis, James, wounded at Williamsburg. 

Downs, Calvin C. 

Drew, Daniel L. 

Durgin, John H. 

Drew, Martin V. B., discharged July, 1861 ; 
reenlisted in 6th Regt. Co. H. 

Emerson Henry H., captured at Bull Run July 
21, 1861 ; exchanged; reenlisted in lOth 
Regt., Co. I. 

Goodwin, Ezra C, wounded at Bull Run Aug. 
29, 1862. 

Gerrish. Benjamin F. 

Hall, Isaac G. 

Jenness, Henry O., wounded at Williams- 
burg May s, 1862. 

Kane, Peter, discharged Jan.. 1862, for dis- 

Lord, John F. 

Logan, Johnson C, captured at Bull Run 
Aug. 29, 1862, and exchanged. 

Labounty, William A., Co. F; wounded at 
Bull Run Aug. 29, 1862, and died. 

McCabe, John. 

Otis, John H. 

Roberts, Charles P., wounded at Bull Run 
.^ug. 29, 1862 ; died. 

Soesman, Flavius A., Co. B ; wounded at 
Fair Oaks June 25, 1862. 

Shepherd, J. 

Thompson, James A. 

Tash. Edwin S., discharged July 16, 1861, for 

Watson. Charles E. 


(For three years. Left Concord Sept. 3, 1861.) 
Colonel, Enoch Q. Fellows, Sandwich. Surgeon, .\ndrew J. H. Buzzell. 

Company K. 

Israel B. Liftlefield, capt., res. 

.'\pril I, 1862. 
Welbee J. Butterfield, 1st lieut., 

res. March 6, 1863. 
Allen, Charles H. 
Brown, Charles H. 
Bolo, George N. 
Burns, Charles M. 
Ball, Joseph H. 
Cassidy, James. 
Campbell, Nathaniel J. 

Davis, Henry S. 
Dustin, Adrian C. 
Estes, Leonard. 
Edgerly, Jonathan H. 
F'arrill, Thomas. 
Fitzgerald, John J. 
I'^rye, Augustus. 
Houston, Harrison. 
Hanlan, Joseph. 
Hall, Edwin F. 
Judkins, Henry. 

Lock, John C. 
McLain, Hugh. 
O'Connell, Timothy, Co. C. 
Parkinson, John W. 
Place, John. 
Rahill, James H. 
Sherry, Patrick. 
Stokes, Benjamin. 
Warren, Frederick A. 
Warren. Paul C. 


(For three years. Left Manchester Sept. 7, 1861.) 

Colonel, Thomas J. Whipple, Laconia. 

Company A. 

Charles W. Sawyer, capt. 
Jasper G. Wallace, ist lieut. 
Harvey F. Wiggin, ist lieut.,' 

Co. I. 
Bolo, Andrew J. 
Bateman, Richard W. 
Bean, Levi. 

Brooks, William H., Co. G. 
Clay, Charles H. 
Carter, Charles A. 
Carroll. Edward. 
Cole, Jeremiah. 
Corson, Martin V. B. 
Durgin, George W. 
Fall, John J. 

Frost. David D. 
Gage, George F. 
Hayes, David C. 
Hall, Stephen T. 
Hughes, John. 
Hughes, Barnard. 
Jackson, John. 
Lord, John .\. 
Lane, Joseph. 
Legg, Lucien B., Jr. 
McGuinness, John, Jr. 
Mullen, John. 
McGaw, Michael. 
McDade, Joseph. 
Osgood, James Y. 

Quimby, John W. 
Roberts, John H. 
Rose, Joseph F. 
Ricker, Oliver P. 
Shapleigh, Martin L. 
Shakley, George. 
Tibbetts, George W. 
Wallace, Nelson J. 
Whitehouse, George W. 
Welsh. James. 
Watson, John L. 
Wendell. David A. 
Wentworth, John A. 
Watson, Barnard F. 




(For three years. Left Concord Oct. 29, 1861.) 
Colonel, Edward E. Cross, Lancaster. 

Avery, Edgar. 

Bliss, Charles. 

Boulter, Joseph B. 

Church, Charles, discharged 
Aug. 6, 1862, for disability. 

Edgerly, Charles R., dis- 
charged May 14, 1862, for 

Foss, Joel S., discharged 
Oct., 1862, for disability. 

Gilpatrick, Reuben E. 

Gale. William. 

Hawkins, John D., died Jan. 
7, 1862. 

Company D. 

l\irs, William. 

Leighton. Samuel R. 

McCone, John. 

McConc, James. 

Mitchell, Andrew J., dis- 

Murrill, John, Jr., died 
April, 1862. 

Mulligan, Martin. 

Murphy, Peter. 

Newell, Charles H. 

Otis, William L. 

Peavty, John. 

Pinkham, Andrew J. 

Reynolds, Andrew T. 

Rogers, Geo. F. 

Rhincs, John. 

Rolhwell, Jerry. 

Ryan, John. 

Wentworth, George G., died 
July 14, 1862. 

Welch, John, wounded at Fred- 
ericksburg and died. 

Whitehouse, Joseph H. 


(For three years. Left Keene Dec. 25, 1861.) 
Colonel, Simon G. Griffin. 

Abbott, Philbrick R. 
Adams, Jno. T., Co. D. 
Bolo, John W. 
Bodwell, Charles A. 
Drew, Martin V., 

charged for disability 
Drew, Andrew J. 
Garrity, John. 

Company H. 
Fountain, Joseph. 
Hanson, William E. 
Hersom, Oliver, Jr. 
Hanson, George W. 
dis- Hussey, George W. 
Hussey, John W. 
Knott, Thomas. 
Keav, William H. 

McKenna, James. 
McCone, James. 
McSoley, Patrick. 
Pinkham, John H. 
Varney, James R. 
Varncy, George W.. 
Waldron, John B. 
Whittier, Osgood T. 


(For three years. Left Manchester Jan. 14, 1862.) 
Colonel, H. S. Putnam, Cornish. Adjutant, Thomas A. Henderson. 

Major, Daniel Smith, died August, 1862. Quartermaster, George S. Hanson. 

Augustus W. Rollings, cap- 

Oliver M. Clark, ist lieut. 

Leander Fogg, ist lieut., Co. 

Parley B. Bryant, 2d lieut., 
Co. L 

Austin, Jacob K. 

Bickford, Joseph C. 

Baker, John C. 

Butler, Edwin C. 

Brown, John B. 

Buzzell, George E. 

Brown. Patrick, 

Company F. 
Bradford, Francis L 
Bedell, Ivory. 
Blake, Aaron H. 
Bnnce, George. 
Card, Sylvester. 
Cilley, Benjamin F. 
Cousins. Charles E. 
Clark, William, Jr. 
Claridge, Ira. 
Chadwick, Charles E. 
Caverno, Michael. 
Curtis, Francis. 
Cate, Nathaniel S. 
Cook, George W. 

Carpenter, Samuel C. 

Cook, Benjamin F. 

Cotton, James. 

Dearborn, Wyman, discharged 

for disability. 
Decatur, William. 
Dudley. George W. 
Dunn, Frank. 
Evans, Josiah. 
Foss, David H. 
Felker, Jonathan K. 
Kecnan, Peter. 
Kimball, James. 
Kimball, James A. 



Knox, Erastus. 
Law, Thomas. 
Lord, Charles F. 
Libbey, James H. 
Littlelicld, Rufus C. 
Mcader, John F. 
McDual, Hugh. 
McCody, Patrick. 
McKanna, Michael. 
McKone, Michael. 
Header, Thomas F. 
Otis, John C. 
Perkins, James. 
Petty, Richard R. 
Pinkham, Henry A. 
Patterson, John H. 
Perkins, Samuel. 
Perkins, Martin V. B. 
Pickering, Levi. 
Place, John W. 
Roberts, George. 
Rand, John T. 
Riley, James. 
Roberts, John. 
Ripley, George H. 
Foss, Moses W. 
Fiiinegan, James. 
Farrall, Thomas E. 

Foss, Drew. 
Fisher, John. 
Gibbs, John F. 
Gray, William H. 
Green, Willis C. 
Goodwin. Nathaniel. 
Grant, Henry. 
Gray, Solomon S. 
Grant, Charles. 
Guppy, Langdon. 
Grant, Lucien. 
Hall, Henry. 
Hewes, Andrew J. 
Harltford, George. 
Hill, Moses C. 
Hemenway, Albert. 
Hughes, Patrick R. 
Hanson, Harrison. 
Haughey, Patrick. 
Haughey, John, Jr. 
Holt, Joseph N. 
Hanson, George W. 
Hobbs, Nathaniel P. 
Jenness, George W. 
Kimball, Charles B. 
Kelley, Moses R. 
Kenniston, Franklin. 
Kenniston, Samuel D. 
Kimball, Orin. 

Rowe, Stephen. 
Rahill, Michael. 
Robinson, Elbridge G. 
Ring, Thomas. 
Stackpole, George K. 
Stackpole, Charles. 
Stackpole, Josiah. 
Smith, John H. 
Smith, Charles W. 
Smith, David D. 
Snell, Albert F. 
Shaw, William. 
Snell, Seth. 
Thompson, Samuel. 
Thayer, William F. 
Worcester, Albert. 
Whitehead, John. 
Warren, Edwin F. 
Wentworth, Charles H. 
Wentworth, Ephraim. 
Willey, James. 
Willey, George W. 
Wentworth, Ezekiel. 
Webster, Samuel. 
Wiggin, J. Munroe. 
York, George H. 
York, James G. 
York, Josiah. 


(For three years. Left Manchester Jan. 25, 1862.) 
Colonel, Hawkes Fearing, Jr., Manchester. 

Company G. 
Fernald, William H. H. Roberts, Charles A. Walker, Henry. 

Lord, Horace W. Sawyer, Horatio G. 


(For three years. Left Concord Aug. 25, 1862.) 
Colonel, E. Q. Fellows, Sandwich. Chaplain, Edward M. Gushce, Dover. 

Andrew J. Hough, ist lieu- 
tenant, subsequently cap- 
tain and major. 

Abbott, Orin S. 

Burley, Charles H. 

Bunce, Eli. 

Brewster, William A. 

Daney, Hiel P. 

Donovan, John. 

Emery, George W. 

Frve, Charles A. 

Company D. 
Foster. Charles E. 
Hall, Charles 1'. 
Hall, Stacy W. 
Heath, Alonzo. 
Ham, John. 
Jenness, George. 
Judge, John. 
Knott, Edward. 
Lyons, John, Jr. 
McDonald, Patrick. 
McCooley, Patrick. 

McCoole, Dennis. 
McDade, Patrick. 
Otis, Sylvester. 
Quimby, Joseph C. 
Quimby, James M. 
Roberts, William. 
Simpkins, Luke. 
Staples, John W. 
Towle, Patrick. 
Vallely, John. 
VVhvte, Andrew. 




(For three years. Left Manchester Sept. 22. 1862.) 
Colonel, Michael T. Donohoe. 

Richard Cody, ist lieut., 

James Knott, 2(1 lieut. 
Agnew, Heniy. 
Agnevv, Michael. 
Bodge, Stephen. 
Berry, Alonzo F. W. 
Caton, James. 
Cox, Henry. 
Card, Joseph. 
Coin, Patrick. 
Dobhins, James. 
Davis, Samuel C. 
Kmcrson, Henry H. 
Fisher. Erastus E. 

Company I. 

Follett, James W. 
Foy, William. 
Gleason, Andrew. 
Grimes, Robert. 
Hughes, John. 
Hughes, Michael. 
Kemball, Charles W. 
Littlefield. George \V. 
Lord, Charles A., Co. 
McNally, Dennis. 
Moor, George. 
Morgan. John. 
Morrison. Matthew. 
Marky, Thomas. 
McDonald, James. 

McCoy. Henry. 
Murphy, Frank. 
Pinkham, John S. 
Printy, Edward., William. 
Pinkham. John F. 
Reiishaw, James B. 
Rogers, Owen. 
Sullivan, Tliomas. 
Starlin, John. 
Sullivan, John. 
.Scully, Dennis. 
Sheeham. Michael. 
Tolmy, Nicholas. 


(For three years. Left Concord Sept. 11, 1862.) 
Col. Walter Harriman, Warner 

Nathaniel Low, Jr., capt. 

B. Frank Rackley, ist lieut., 

res. Dec. 24, 1862. 
Henry W. Twombly, 2d 

lieut., pro. Dec. 24, 1862. 
Charles E. Everett, 2d 

lieut., pro. Dec. 24, 1862. 
Amazeen, Abraham. 
Rlaisdcll, David L. 
Boardman, Thomas. 
Boardman, Thomas W. 
Brown, Nathaniel. 
Berry, George G. 
Babb, John A. 
Boston, James. 
Chamberlain, Joseph. 
Cook, Charles H. 
Caswell, George A. 
Dame, Joseph. 
Demerit!, James H. 
Davis, William H. 
Delaney, John W. 
Dame. Albert W. 
Everett, Clarendon. 
Everett, L. Theodore. 
Foss, Joshua B. 

Company K. 

Foot, George E. 
French, Joseph H. 
Fo.xon, George K. 
Franklin, James W. 
Flanders, Charles H. 
Ford, William H. 
Fernald, John S. P. 
Ford, Noah P. 
Goodrich, Charles A. 
Gray, Joshua B. 
Gove, Hiram. 
Gould, .\rthur J. 
Glidden, Benjamin F., 
at Falmouth, Dec. 9, 
Glidden, Henry S. 
Hill, Charles W. 
Hartford, Joseph L. 
Hanson, Enoch T. 
Howard, William T. 
Hill, Albert A. 
Jones, Charles M. 
Jenncss, Franklin H. 
Kingsbury, Calvin ?. 
Lord, Charles F. 
Moore, Moses H. 
McGuinness, Patrick. 

Meader, Jasper Y. 

Norton, William H. 

Nason, Reuben, wounded at 
Fredericksburg, Dec. i.^, 
1862, discharged. 

Pray, John C, paroled pris- 
oner at Annnpolis. 

Palmer, John G. 

Robinson. Edward H. 

Seavey. Henry. 

Scates, Charles E. 

Smith, Charles H. 
died Sawyer, Levi N. 
1862 Snell, William IL 

Spurlin, Charles F. 

Swain, Truman. 

Trickey, Nathaniel. 

Tompkins, Charles R. 

Tolmy. James. 

Waterhouse, Charles H. 

Whidden, Alfred S. 

Whyte. Andrew, Jr. 

Whitehouse, Joseph. 

Webster, Benjamin K 

Warren, Charles W. 

Young, Louis A. 

Young, Jacob N. 




Rust, Charles A., Co. K. 


Hussey, Albert F., q.m.-sergt. 


(For nine months. Left Concord December, 1S62.) 

Colonel, John W. Kingman, Quartermaster, Ira A. Quartermaster's clerk, W. Del- 

Uurnam. r\ ^ ^ 

Quartermaster - sergeant, 

Chaplain, Edwin T\I. Weelock. George W. Hobbs. 

more Place. 


0. Wallingford, 


Brown, Enoch. 

Bennett, Charles 



William B 







John S. 


Charles P. 

Conner, Isaiah C. 
Fuller, Henry F. 
Gowing, John. 

Company K. 

1st Bunce, Charles. 
Gowen, John. 


Gale, Albert. 
McCabe, Francis. 
McCabe. John. 
Paul. George W. 
Pinkham, Nathaniel. 
Sherry. Jnhn H. 


Goodwin, James F. 
Hodgdon, Joseph H. 
Stackpole, Albert F. 

Smith, John. 

Sanborn, Austin. 
We'ntworth. George >« 
Walker, John. 
Watson, Isaac. 
Wentworth, Clark. 
York, Gilnian J. 

Tebbets, George B. 
Woods, J. H. C. 
Whitehouse, Alonzo H. 

Allen, Charles E. 
Bean, John. 
Bean, Jonathan. 
Bean, Jonathan ^^. 
Cochran, Adam. 
Coleman. David. 
Colomy, Daniel, Jr. 
Carnes, Edward. 
Corson, Benjamin 


Dore, Charles .\. 
Goodwin, Samuel H. 
Glidden, Charles A. 
Hill, Lcbbcus. 
Heath, George \V. 
Kimliall, Edward L. 
Littlefield, Cyrus. 
Pinkham, Thomas B. 
Philbrick, Ivory E. 

Stockbridge, Ira. 
Smith, Charles F. 
Torrens, James W. 
Tuttle, John L. 
Wentworth, Hiram 
Pra\', Andrew. 
Rothwell, Eleazer. 


Billings, James H. 
Brownell, William B. 
Cole, John W. 
Colman, Charles. 
Demeritt, Charles A. 
Davis, Grandville. 
Davis, Edgar W. 
Edgerly, Charles R. 
Greenhalgh, Timothy. 

Hughes, James. 
Hanson, James W. 
Kingsbury, James A. 
Libbey, J. T. S., lieut. 
jNlerrill, Isaac K. 
Meserve, John C. 
Otis, John H. 
Quinn, Peter. 
Rollins, George W. 

Rowe, James. 
Smith, Wesley M. 
Smith, Newton C. 
Smith, William P. 
Tebbetts, Samuel H. 
Thayer. W. F., lieut. 
Towle, Jeremy B. 



Berdcn Sharpshooters. — George H. Chase. 

Moses P. Moulton. 
Andreii' Sharfshooters. — Jacob K. Mudgetl, 

Isaac N. Miulgett, Henry Moiiltun. 
ist Mass. Regiment. — John I'. Mcadcr. 

George 11. Haiisconi. 
I2th Mass. Regiment. — Jolin S. Grant. 
13//1 Mass. Regiment. — John H. Place, 

Charles C. Guppy. S. Frank Hartford. 
lyth Mass. Regiment. — John Tucker. 
22d Mass. Regiment. — Edw.'ird M. Tucker. 
2$lh Mass. Regiment.— Andrew J. Hughes. 
28th Mass. Regiment. — James McCarty. 
35th Mass. Regiment. — William H. Hackett. 
6//1 Mass. Battery. — Daniel L. Perkins (died 

Oct. 16, 1862). 
jst Maine Regiment. — John B. Franklin. 
3d Maine Regiment. — Henry Judkins. 
7th Maine Regiment. — Patrick Hughes, Wil- 
liam A. Robinson. 
12th Maine Regiment. — Edward Beaier. 
16//1 Maine Regiment. — John F. Harding. 
17//1 Maine Regiment. — Joseph Hughes. 
Vermont Regiment. — Alvin Morse. 
16//1 Ne-iV York 7?rgi')Ht'ii/.— Sylvester Ali- 

S2d New York Regiment. — Patrick Heffer- 


90//1 Pe}ins\l':ani(t Re:.;iment. — James Mc- 
A'. )'. luiltery Light .-trlillery. — ^licnjamiTi !•'. 

O//1 Ohio Regiment. — John W. llnssey. 
5//1 Regiment fi.veelsior Urigode. — Isaac K. 

ReguUir .-Irmy—^lh Regiment. — Jolin .Mullen, 

George Corson. 
Invalid Corps.— W. J. Buttcrfield. Charles 

Substitnte. 1863. M. .McDernicitl. .Siil:Uilule, 

1864, Patrick Kyan. 
I'eteran Reserve Corps. — Thomas 11 I'ink- 

ham, George Shackley. 
5//1 Regiment. — Charles H. Gerrish ( dr.iftcd), 

Benjamin Hanson (drafted), Charles 


Regiment. — Oscar .\. .Mill. 

2d U. S. Artillery. — Brcarton David. 

115//1 U. S. Colored Infantry. — John R. Ham, 

Maj. George P. Folsom, paymaster. 
Maj. Charles W. Woodman, paymaster. 
Capt. Daniel Hall. 

Capt. .\ndre\v H. Young, quartermaster. 
Lieut. John J. Devin, U. .S. army. 
Cadet William A. Garland. Military Acad- 

emv, West Point. 

Thomas G. Salter, chaplain. 
George H. Wadleigh, Naval 

School, Newport, R. I. 
Edward Woodman, Naval 

School, \ewport, R. I. 
Adams, Charles W. 
Agnew, Henry. 
Agnew, Peter. 
Ashton, James H. 
Barker, Joshua. 
Blaisdell, John. 
Brown, Robert D. 
Burley, Charles. 
Burley, Josiah. 
Cassily, Patrick. 
Caton. Patrick. 
Chamberlain, C. E. 
Chandler, Elisha M. 
Chandler, William. 
Cody, John. 
Cotter, Patrick. 
Davis, Alonzo L. 
Davis, Franklin F 

U. S. NAVY. 

Drew, Charles \V. 
Drew, William. 
Dunn, .Samuel A. 
Ferguson, Albert. 
Finnegan, Peter. 
Finnegan, Joseph. 
Frost, John G. 
Glines, Bradbury. 
Grimes, Francis. 
Guppy, George N. 
Hemenway, Benjamin. 
Hughes, James. 
Hughes, Peter. 
Hurd, Stephen N. 
Jordan, Oscar F. 
Keay, Charles M. 
Kimball, Samuel H. 
Lock, Jeremiah. 
McCabe, Patrick. 
McQuade, James. 
McQuadc, John. 
.Merrill, William. 
Mitchell, Josiah. 

Newhall, Eben. W. 
Oates, Barnard. 
O'Neal, Owen. 
Paul, Charles F. 
Peaslee, Joseph E. 
Pierce, Henry M. 
Place, James H. K. 
Place, Alonzo R. 
Rahill, Michael. 
Renshaw, James 
Renshaw, William H. 
Rhincs, William H. 
Roberts, James A. 
Rogers, William. 
Rollins, Charles L. 
Rothwell, Eleazer. 
Rowe, je.-se. 
Sampson. Charles A. 
Sanborn, .Xndrew J. 
Smith, Newton C. 
Snell, George C. 
Staples, John M. 


Starlin, James. Webster, William G., Jr. York, Simeon D. 

Steele, Thomas M. Welsh, Rodman. Voung, John A. 

Thompson, Edward. Wilson, Edward A. Voung, Joseph. 

Tompkins, Charles R. York, George. Young, Thomas F. 



In this closing diapter of this outline history of Dover is given brief men- 
lion of some of the notable men of former generations of Dover citizens. 
Many others might be included in this list, but the following must suffice for 
this work. 

Judge Ed7i-ard Hilton. Founder of Dover, at Dover Point, May; 1623. 
A wealthy Englishman. Member of the very exclusive and aristocratic I'"ish 
Mongers' Guild in London. Eater he was one of the founders of Exeter, 
lia\ing his residence at Xewfields, then a ])art of Exeter. He was one of the 
magistrates, under Massachusetts, for holding courts at Dover and Ports- 
mouth. His burial place is in the cemetery near Rockingham Junction on 
the P)Oston & Maine Railroad. 

Captain Thomas iri(jgi)i, founder of the settlement at Dover Neck in 
October, 1633. Noted for his great business ability as organizer and leader. 
Chief magistrate at Dover a number of years. Later he settled on the east 
shore of Cireat Bay, where he had a large estate and lived in great style as the 
gentry in England lived at tliat time. 

Major Richard IValderne, one of the great historical characters of New 
F'ngland. A man of great business capacity. He built saw mills and grist 
mills. Fie cut huge pine trees for masts and transported them to England 
for the king's navy. His mill was at the falls east of Central avenue bridge. 
One of his logging swamps was in what is now called Knox's Marsh. His 
house (garrison) stood where Melnick's store, in National block, now is, 
which is famous in history as being destroyed by the Indians June 28. 1689. 
He was a great warrior. He was Representative from Dover in the Massa- 
chusetts General Court many years, and Speaker of the House several times. 
He was one of the chief magistrates in old Norfolk county of Massachusetts, 
and as such enforced the laws against the Quaker women, which Whittier's 
poem describes. He was unquestionably one of the foremost and ablest men 



in the first century of Dover's history, and the peer of the greatest men in 

Captain John Underhill, famous in Massachusetts history, was one of the 
Governors at Dover Neck following the retirement of Captain W'iggin. One 
of VVhittier's very interesting poems deals with Captain Underhill's career 
at Dover Neck. He was a good warrior as well as ruler. His later years 
were passed on Long Island, where he founded a town in the neighborhood 
of Oyster Bay, now famous as the home of Colonel Roosevelt. 

Elder ll'ilHain Jl'ciit7i'orfli, who came to Dover in 1650, was one of the 
very influential men. An elder in the First Church : preacher, teacher, mag- 
istrate; diligent and active until he was past four score years old. And noted 
especially as the founder of the great ^^'entworth family, three of his de- 
scendants being Governors of the Pro\ince of New Hampshire in succession. 
His home fann is just across the line in Rollinsford on the Turnpike road 
and has remained in possession of the family to this day, 260 years. 

Hanscrd Knollys. First minister of the First Church in Dover. Later 
returned to England and was distinguished as a minister in active service 
until past four score years of age. He was minister in Dover two years, 
1638- 1640. 

Rev. John Rcyner, sixth minister of the First Church and Parish, who 
served from 1655 to 1669, dying in office. He was a notable preacher; it was 
during his pastorate that the Quaker women came to Dover from Boston and 
caused much disturbance in Mr. Reyner's parish. They were not content to 
hold their meetings outside of the meeting house, but at times when he was 
preaching would arise in the meetings on the Lord's day and contradict his 
opinions expressed. Of course, he was greatly annoyed at their impertinent 
conduct, but held his temper and gave them stern reply. He was so popular 
with his townsmen that he received various grants of land, one of which is the 
land through which flows the much talked of Reyner Brook, advocated as a 
source of water supply for Willard Pond. 

Rev. John Pike, minister of the First Church and Parish from 1678 to 
1710, dying in office. He \\2.s graduate of Harvard College, and esteemed as 
an extraordinary preacher.^ Not only that ; he was popular among his people, 
ser\ing and assisting them during the most terrible period of the Indian wars 
in Dover. He rendered a service of greater value to succeeding generations 
by keeping a "Journal' in which he recorded many important events, no record 
of which can be found elsewhere, hence are of great historical value. 

Job Clements, who came to Dover (Neck) about 1655, built the first tan- 
nery Dover had ; he was an expert in the business, coming here from Salisbury. 

He was a man of great business capacity otherwise and one of Dover's most 


worthy citizens. At the time of his deatli in 1684 he was one of the Council 
of the Province of New Hampshire. 

Captain John Tuttlc, 1640-1720. Farmer (at Dover Neck), mill owner, 
shipbuilder, lumberman, Indian fighter, town official, Representative in Gen- 
eral Court, Judge and Councillor. A great man in every way, and staunch 
supporter of the First Church. 

Captain Thomas Millet came to Dover from Gloucester, Mass., about the 
time Captain Tuttle died. I'or forty years he was one of the leading business 
men of the town. He was a famous shi])l)uilder and quite as noted as a sea 
captain. He held all of the important offices in the gift of his townsmen, as 
also offices of importance in the Province of New Hampshire. An apple tree 
that he set out is yet living at Dover Neck, near where his residence was. His 
shipyard was on the shore of the river nearby. 

Thomas W'cstbrook Waldron, born 1721; died in 1785. Great grandson 
of Major Ricliard Waldron. He was a man of large property, having in- 
herited the major's homestead on the north side of the Cochecho river and 
the mills at the falls. He was frequently moderator in town meetings ; one 
of the selectmen a half dozen years; town clerk from 1771 to 1785, dying in 
office. Representative from 1735 to 1771. His house, which he built in 1784, 
yet stands on Second street, facing the courthouse. Previous to 1820 it stood 
directly across wiiat is now Second street. It was swung around and moved 
back when the street was made. 

Col. John Gage was Representati\e in the Provincial Assembly of New 
Hampshire 1745 to 1748, and 1771 to his death in May, 1773. He was col- 
onel of the Second N. H. Regiment of Militia from 1758 till his deatii. He 
was the first Judge of Prol)ate for Strafiford county, dying in office. 

Col. .Strplicii F.i'aii.w Mercliant, leader in the First ChurclT, prominent 
in town affairs, Dover's greatest and most active military officer in the Revo- 
lutionary war. He was in command of a New Hampshire regiment at the 
surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga in 1777. His house stood on 
Main street, near School street. 

Reverend Jonailian Ciishiny. tenth minister of the First Church and Par- 
ish, 1 690- 1 769. (iraduate of Harvard College. Minister in Do\er frcmi 
September 18, 1717, till his death, March 23, 17^19. His coUeagre fur llie 
last two years was Rev. Jeremy Belknap. He was a great preacher and 
prudent and judicious pastor. His residence was on Pine Hill, near where 
the meeting house stood that was built in 17 12. It was in that that he 
conducted ser\ice until the new house was liuilt and dedicateil in 1758. where 
now is the brick meeting house that succeeded it in 1829. 

Charle.i Buckner. In the March town meeting, 1657, Mr. lUickner was 


chosen by vote a schoolmaster for the town. Up to that time the ministers 
had been the schoohnasters. Mr. Buckner remained in Dover until April. 
1668, when he sold his four acres of land to Job Clements, Sr., and removed 
to Boston. He was grand juryman and held other minor offices. Where he 
held his school is not known, but probably in private houses. 

Hon. Peter Coffin was one of the big men at Cochecho; he lived on the 
south side of the river ; his house stood on top of a hill where now is the 
bowling alley, on the north side of Orchard street. He was a man of wealth 
and was influential in town affairs. He was one of the selectmen of the town 
many terms, and one of its Representatives in the Massachusetts General 
Court several years. 

Dr. Walter Barefoot was the first resident physician in Dover. He had 
grants of land on Dover Neck, and resided there from about 1660 to 1670. 
He then removed to Great Island (New Castle), and resided there until his 
death in 1689. He is noted as the second Governor of the Province of New- 
Hampshire, succeeding Governor Cranfield in 1685, and his rule over the 
province was contemptible in the highest degree. 

Thomas Caiiiiev was one of the original settlers on Dover Neck, and 
was one of its staunch citizens who stood by Parson Reyner in 1662, when 
the Quaker women were so troublesome. His house is yet standing on Dover 
Neck, in which the Quaker women were held prisoners for a while. He was 
one of the respected and honored citizens. 

Rev. Jeremy Belknap. Pastor of First Church 1767-1787, twenty years; 
great preacher. Greatest historian of New Hampshire. His house stood 
where the Belknap school house stands. 

Colonel John IValdron, who resided where the Page farm house is on 
Glenwood avenue, above Garrison Hill. A man who held many times all the 
important offices in the gift of his townsmen. He commanded a regiment 
in the Revolutionary war. 

Major Caleb Hodgcdon was an officer in the Revolutionary war. and a 
citizen distinguished in many ways. 

Dr. Es:ra Green, Dover's noted physician and surgeon. He not only had 
great fame as a physician- in Dover and the region around here, but was dis- 
tinguished as the surgeon on the first warship that John Paul Jones sailed 
from Portsmouth and won such fame in the Re\olutionary war. Dr. Green 
was the first postmaster of Dover, appointed by George Washington, with 
whom he was personally acquainted. His office was in the Job Burleigh 
house, on Silver street, near corner of Atkinson street. He lived in the house 
at the corner of Silver and Belknap streets, where the Misses Richardson 
lived. He died there in 1847, aged loi years. 


Hon. .-iiulmi' Peirce, merchant, leading business man of Dover for half 
a century. Held important official position in town and state. First mayor 
of Dover, 1856. 

Hon. John P. Hale, lawyer, orator, statesman, United States Senator, 
ambassador to Spain, champion anti-slavery ad\ocate. Probably the greatest 
statesman Dover ever had. 

Col. .4iuns Cor/.s~ri'( //. wiio was born in 1752 and died January 28, 1826; 
served eight years in the army of the Revolution ; enlisting as a private soldier 
in his brother's company, he came out a major. After the war he resided 
in Dover and for several years was colonel of a battalion of ca\alry. For a 
numlx^r of years he was member of the state Legislature, both as Represen- 
tative and Senator. He was one of the most ]x)pular business men of Dover 
for forty years. The house in which he lived now stands on the south corner 
of Angle street and Central avenue, and is well preserved. 

John Ji'illianis was agent for the first cotton factory built in Dover. The 
corporation organized at a meeting of the proprietors January 19, 1813, at 
Mrs. Lydia Tibl>ctt's dwelling house on Silver street, at 5 o'clock P. M. That 
house is now standing, directly opposite Elisha R. P>rown's residence. Mr 
Williams remained connected with the mills here more than a quarter of a 
century. He built the brick house on Central avenue, known now as the 
John P. Hale house,, and resided there until he removed to Boston about 
1840. The first cotton factory was located at the falls two miles up the river, 
and ever since known as "Upper Factory." 

Hon. Thomas E. Sazvyer was a noted man in many ways. A lawyer by 
profession, a politician by instinct and popular with his fellow citizens. He 
held various town offices. He was first elected Representative in 1832, and 
again at ten annual elections, the last year being in 1850. Mr. Sawyer was 
a \\ liig all those years. In 1S51 the \\ big party nominated him as its candi- 
date for Governor. In his own town he received 719 votes; Samuel Dins- 
moor, 472 ; John Atwood, 52. There was no choice by the i)eople, the vote 
standing Dinsmoor, Democrat, 24.425; Sawyer, Whig, 18,458; Atwood, Free 
Soil, 12,049. Mr. Sawyer was again the Whig nominee for Governor in 1852, 
and his Democratic opponent was also a Dover man. Dr. Noah Martin. The 
vote in Dover this year was. Sawyer 723; Martin 491; John Atwood 126. 
In the state Martin had 30,807; Sawyer, 19,850; Atwood 9,479, and Martin 
was elected. The political contest in Dover that year was red hot. There 
was nothing like it until the Civil war l>egan. Mr. Sawyer was member of 
the school committee more years tlian any other man who served on the 
board. The Sawyer grammar school was named for him. .Mr. Sawyer was 
the second mayor of Dover. 


Dr. Noah Martin, as above mentioned, was chosen Governor in 185 1 and 
1852. At that time he had been a prominent citizen and successful physician 
for more than a quarter of a century. He died in 1863. During his active 
career he held various positions of trust. 

Hon. ll'illiam Hale, who was born in Portsmouth in 1764, and died in 
Dover in 1848. At his death, in his eighty-fourth year, he was Dover's oldest, 
wealthiest, and most respected citizen. He was Representative in Congress, 
1809-1811, and four years, 1813-1817, and at different times filled the offices 
of Representative, Senator and Councillor under the state government. His 
Father, Maj. Samuel Hale, commanded a company of Dover soldiers at the 
siege and capture of Louisburg. 




In considering the history of tlic interesting and enterprising town and 
city of Somersvvorth, it seems proper to bear in mind that up to 1754 Somers- 
worth was a locality in Dover; furthermore, up to 1849, Rollinsford was 
Somersworth and its history will be so considered, its individual history 
beginning only fifty- four years ago. 

For nearly a century, when the name Dover appears in the records, it 
means the settlement on and around Meeting House Hill, on Dover Neck, 
as it is now called. All other settlements were sim])ly localities in Dover. 
For a correct understanding of where land grants were made by the town 
to individuals, these localities had to have names. The origin of the names 
of some of these places was somewhat facetious. It was not long after 1637 
that they began to come into use. These are sam])les; Cochecho in Dover; 
Bloody Point in Dover; Oyster River in Dover; Summersworth in Dover, etc. 

Of course, the inhabitants not being numerous and the Indians not being 
specially friendly, the settlers advanced slowly and prudently, for their own 
sake, into the unliroken wilderness. The first settlements in Somersworth, 
for these reasons, did not begin until about 1700, and those were along the 
rivers Newichawannock and the Salmon Falls. And they gave it the local 
name "Sligo," which it retains to this day. It is said, and no doubt correctly, 
that some of the earliest settlers there were immigrants from Sligo in Ireland 
and they gave the name of their old home to the new home on the Newicha- 
wannock river. 

Miss Mary P. Thompson, in her hook, "Landmarks in .'\ncicnt Dover." 
says: "The name now given to the di.^trict in Rollinsford, below Ouamphe- 
gan, appears to have been originally given to the garrison that stood above 
St. Alban's Cove, not far from the Newichawannock shore." It is men- 
tioned, March 29. 1708, when Jethro Furber conveyed to Benjamin Wea- 
mouth twenty acres of land "at or near a place called Sligoc's Garrison, be- 
tween the highway and the lots fomierly David Hamilton's and Nicholas 



Curren's, fronting on the Newichawannock river, being the lot originally 
granted to Henry Magoon, who sold it to William Laton, by whom it was 
sold to Edward Cowell, 'grandfather of the donor.' Richard Hussey, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1710, conveyed to Benj. Weymouth thirty acres of land 'at a gar- 
rison called Sligoc' Benj. Weymouth, February i, 1717, conveyed to Ben- 
jamin Weymouth, Jr., thirty acres of land originally granted to Richard 
Hussey, 'lying and being at a garrison called Sligo,' bounded north by Joseph 
Roberts' land, east by said Weymouth, south by 'a lott called Carroll's,' and 
west by the Commons." : 

The exact site of this garrison is not known, but it is mentioned, May 
9, 1709, as on the east side of the highway from St. Alban's Cove to Ouam- 
phegan, between Lieut. Hatevel Nutter's house and that of Sylvanus Nock. 
This land is now owned by the Garvin family. The name of the Sligo gar- 
rison soon extended to the surrounding district. Eleazer and Sarah Wyer 
conveyed to Eleazer Wyer, Jr., September 25, 1738, twenty acres of land, 
with two dwelling houses and a barn thereon, "at a place formerly called 
Sligo, bounded N. by the land of Sylvanus Nock, E. by the Newichawannock 
river, and S. and W. by Benj. Weymouth's land. The town of Somers worth 
voted April 5, 1756, two years after it became a town, that a 'school be kept 
three months at Sligo.' " 

Sligo was doubtless so called from the town of that name in Ireland, 
"Sligo town that lies so snug at the foot of Knocknaria." The name is said 
to be derived from the Irish word silgcach, which signifies a shelly river, or 
a place where shells are deposited. The Sligo garrison is said to have been 
built by a member of the Stackpole family, a descendant of James Stackpole, 
the immigrant. The name may have been given out of compliment to the 
Earl of Bellomont, who was appointed Governor of the Province of New 
Hampshire in 1699. ^^ was born in Sligo, Ireland, in 1636. Orders from 
King William were sent to him January 19, 1701, to build such forts at 
Pascataqua, and elsewhere as were necessary for security [N. H. Prov. Papers, 
Vol. 3, page 130]. His political and religious principles naturally recom- 
mended him to the favor of our colonists, and he is said to have been very 
popular during his short administration. He was the grandson of Sir Charles 
Coots, a noted ruler in Ireland under the reign of Charles I, and he himself 
was one of the first to espouse the cause of William of Orange, who rewarded 
him with the title of earl, and appointed him Governor of New York, Massa- 
chusetts and New Hampshire. 

The St. Alban's Cove spoken of in connection with Sligo garrison, is on 
the western shore of the Newichawannock next below Ouamphegan Falls, at 
South Berwick. The first mention of it on record appears in a grant of the 
mill privilege on Fresh Creek, February 5, 1652. The name is said to have 


been given by Judge John Tuttle of Dover, whose father, John Tuttle, came 
from Great St. Alban's, Hertfordsliire, England. This is the earhest name 
of the Co\e, and should be prescrxed. A later name is St3'le's Cove. 

The first settlement back from the river was at what is now the junction 
of the Boston & Maine railroad and the branch road from the city of Somers- 
worth. It began about 1700. It soon grew to a prosix;rous hamlet. The 
households were at quite a distance from the meeting house in Dover; they 
had to travel down the Newichawannock river in their boats to attend service 
on the Lord's Day. To save travel it was arranged for the minister of the 
First Church, or some one of his assistant elders to go there and hold meet- 
ings in a barn, in warm weather, where all could attend, old and young. As 
these meetings were held in the summer time, and the locality had no name, 
so somebody, perhaps Rev. John I'ike, suggested the name'ortli. 
According to Dr. Samuel Johnson, whose large dictionary was puljlished in 
1755, Siiimiicr is a Saxon word for the warm months of the year, and zvortli, 
in the termination of the names of places, means a "court or farm, or a street 
or road." And "court" is defined as "an open space before a house; a small 
opening enclosed with houses, distinguished from a street." The above are 
the meanings of the words as those settlers understood the King's Rnglish. 
That is to say, when the Rev. John Pike, minister of the h'irst Church, on 
Meeting House Hill, Dover, came here In Imld meetings in tiie >ummer tinu-. in 
somebody's house or barn, or maybe out of doors, he would say he was going 
up to Suinmcrsii'orth, that is, to Summer-town. Mr. Pike was a graduate 
of Harvard College ; he knew the English language thoroughly, hence it may 
be fairly presumed he originated the name as a matter of convenience. 

However that may be, as to the authorship of the name this little hamlet 
of A. D. 1700 had grown into a respectable village in 1729 and the inhab- 
itants addressed the General Court of the Province, asking that their section 
of the town might be established into a parish for the purpose of organizing 
a regular all-year-round church serxice. The petition is as follows, and show's 
that the name Snnimerszvorth was then the common and accepted name of the 
settlement. The residt of this petition appears in the following copy from 
an old book, which has on its cover the words, 



Regni -Regis Gsorgii secundi 




for setting ofif the northeast end of the Town of Dover and erecting a Parish 
by the name of Summersworth. 


Whereas the northeast end or part of the town of Dover is competently 
filled with Inhabitants who labor under great difficulties by their remoteness 
from the place of public worship, and have thereupon addressed the Court 
that they may be set off a distinct Parish and be vested Powers and Priv- 
iliges accordingly. 

Be it therefore enacted by the Lieutenant Governor Council and Repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly Convened and by the authority of the same 
that the Northeast part of Dover as hereafter is bounded & described be 
and hereby is sett off a District and Separate Parish by the name of 
Summers worth. 

The bound of said Parish to be as follows: (viz.) Beginning at the mouth 
of PYesh Creek and to run as the creek runs to the way that goes over said 
creek, or at the head of the creek where the way goes o\'er antl from thence 
as the way now goes to the southerly side of Varney's Hill (Garrison Hill) 
to Ebenezer \^arney's land, and then to an oak tree over the end of said hill, 
which is a white oak tree marked, standing about two or three rods from a 
spring, and from thence on a northwest and by north point of the compass 
to the head of Dover bounds, and that the inhabitants of said lands be vested 
with all the privileges and Powers of a Parish to chuse officers for the well 
regulating of the same, and raise money from time to time for defraying the 
charges of the minister, school & poor Provided the Inhabitants of the said 
Parish do within the space of one year from the date of this .\ct. erect and 
finish a credable house for the Public Worship of God, and procure and settle 
a learned Orthodox Minister of Good Conversation and make 'provision for 
his Comfortable and honourable Support. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid that Capt. Paul 
\\'entworth, Mr. Thomas Wallingford & Mr. John Ricker be the first Select- 
men of said Parish, for the calling and assembling the said Parish in order 
to chuse the proper Parish officers for the year ensuing. 

Dec. 19, 1729, Read three times in the House of Representatives & past 
to be enacted. 

Theo. Atkinson Speaker pro Temp. Eod. die Read three times at the 
Council Board and past to be Enacted. 

Richd Waldron Cler. Con. I assent to the Enacting this Bill. 

J. Wentworth. 

True Copy 

Rich. Waldron Cler. Cons. 

A true entry of the aforegoing 
Copy per 

Thomas Miller, Parish Clerk. 

This will suffice to show the origin of the name which is unique among 
all the towns in the United States. There is no other Summersworth or 
Somersworth, as it is now spelled. It is also peculiarly appropriate. From 
its magnificent Prospect Plill is presented a beautiful and diversified scenery 
of mountains, valley and shore. 



In the preceding chapter was given an explanation of the origin of the 
unique name, Siimmcrsworth, and the act of incorporation of that parish in 
Dover. The record of the first parish meeting under this act is as follows : 

To the freeholders and otlier Inhabitants of the Parish of Summersworth : 
Greeting : 

These are to give notice of a Parish meeting to be held at the Meeting 
House in the Parish of Summersworth on W'ednestlay next, the jtli of this 
instant January at lo of the clock before noon to choose Parish officers for 
the year ensuing as the Law directs, and all persons are desired to give their 
attendance at that time and place, dated at Summersworth, January Second. 
January 1729/30. 

Paul Wentvvokth 
Thomas Wallingford 
John Ricker 

A true entr}' of the original 

warrant per Thomas Miller, Par. Cler. 

At a parish meeting held at the meeting house in Summersworth pursuant 
to the above warrant on W'ednesday, January 7, 1729-30. 

Paul Wentwortii, Esq.. Moderator. 

Doct. Thomas Miller, Parish Clerk; Paul Wentworth, Esq., Thomas Wal- 
lingford and John Ricker, parish selectmen, and Mr. James Hobbs was chosen 
collector of the parish assessments. 

A true entry of the parish ofificers as they were elected, as attests. 

Thomas Miller, Parish Clerk. 

This shows that they had their meeting house nearly completed when the 
act of incorporation was passed, December 19, 1729; probably it had been 



in use for some time before, but how long before does not appear. The parish 
officers were elected January 7, and they immediately issued the following 
notice : 

To the freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Parish of Summersworth : 

These are to give notice of a Parish meeting to be held at the Meeting 
House in Summersworth on Monday, the 12th of this instant January at ten 
of the clock before noon to give Mr. James Pike a call to the work of the 
ministry amongst us and to make him proposals for his settlement therein, 
and also to choose a committee to wait on him and offer the same for his 
acceptance, all persons concerned are desired to give their attendance at time 
and place before mentioned. 

Summersworth January loth 1729/30. 

A true entry per Thomas Miller, Par. Cler. 

Paul Wentvvorth 
John Ricker 


At a parish meeting held at the meeting house in Summersworth in con- 
formity to the above warrant on Monday, January 12, 1729-30. 

Paul Wentworth, Esq., was chosen Moderator. Voted that Mr. James 
Pike be invited to be the settled minister of this parish and he called thereto 
and that his annual salary be one hundred and thirty pounds — and also 
twenty acres of land as near the meeting house as it can conveniently be got, 
to be his forever if he continues the parish minister till his death, and one 
hundred pounds for his settlement. 

Also voted that Ensign Jno. Tibbetts, Mr. William Wentworth, Mr. 
Maurice Hobbs, Mr. Jerem. Rawlings, Mr. Ebenezer Wier, Mr. James 
Guppy, Mr. Samuel Jones, and Mr. Phillip Yeaton, with the present select- 
men, wait on Mr. James Pike and offer the above proposals to his considera- 
tion and acceptance and that he be desired to give his answer in writing as 
soon as he can with convenienc}-. 

It was also voted at the same meeting that all votes passed, or officers 
chosen by holding up of the hand, shall be as authentic to the full as if the 
same were done by writing. 

A true entry of the parish votes as they were passed in the parish meeting 
fieiiiini contradicento. 

As attests: Thom.\s Miller, Parish Clerk. 

A list of the persons that voluntarily gave land towards the settlement of 
a minister in the Parish of Summersworth, as they gave the same on Wednes- 
day, January 7, 1729-30, each man one acre: Paul Wentworth, Esq., Mr. 
Jeremiah Rawlings, Mr. Thomas Downs, Mr. Love Roberts, Mr. Thomas 


Nock, Mr. Saniucl Kandlc, Mr. Tlionias Wallingford, Mr, Joseijli Ricker, 
Mr. Zachariah Xock, Mr. Silvanus Nock, Mr. Ger.shoni Wentworth, Mr. 
John Ricker. Mr. Benjamin Tv, onihly. 

Following is Mr. Pike's response to the committee that was appointed to 
wait on him and inform him of the action of the parish. The parish clerk's 
lecord says that at the parish meeting :\Iarch 9, 1730: 

Mr. James Pike, appearing personally at the meeting, desired that at the 
expiration of two years he may have sixteen or twenty cord of good firewood 
to be hauled to his door to be added to his .salary. 

Unanimously voted that Mr. James Pike shall have ten cord of wood 
to be hauled to his door for the first two years, and after his ordination twenty 
cord yearly to be hauled to his door, the whole time of his being the parish 

Mr. Pike also desired that there be an alteration of the vote passed Janu- 
ary 12, 1729-30, whereby twenty acres of land was given him to be given 
him forever if he continues the parish minister till his death. 

Voted that the beforementioned vote run thus — and twenty acres of land 
as near the meeting house as it can conveniently be got to be Mr. James Pike's 
forever, but if he leave the people on his own default, or without a sufficient 
reason, then the said land is to return to the parish. 

With the additional vote of the firewood and the alteration of the vote 
of January 12, last, Mr. James Pike did viva voce in the parish meeting ac- 
cept of the call from this parish. 

At the same meeting a committee was appointed "to agree with a man 
or men to build the stairs and seats in the upper part of the meeting house 
and also to set a valuation on the places for pews and make report thereof to 
the parish for confirmation." 

The record contains : 

A list of the persons to whom the privilege for pews belong as they were 
drawn by lot on March 17, 1729-30. 

Number i Phillip Yeaton Number 9 Benjamin Twombly 

2 Samuel Randle 10 Thomas Downs 

3 Jeremiah Rawlings 1 1 Richard Wentworth 

4 Gershom \\'ent worth 12 John Tibbetts 

5 Thomas Wallingford 13 Joshua Roberts 

6 Love Roberts 14 Zachariah Nock 

7 Ministerial 15 Paul Wentworth, Esq. 

8 Joseph Ricker 


At a town meeting held in the meeting house on Pine Hill, Dover, May 
4, 1730, it was voted to grant to the Parish of Summersworth "ten acres of 
land for the settlement of a minister amongst them and twenty acres for 
a parsonage; if it be found in common within their parish." The land was 
found and properly laid out by the Dover lot layers. 

Mr. Pike commenced conducting services at once, but was formally or- 
dained October 29, 1730, at which time the following clergymen officiated: 
Rev. Jeremiah Wise of Berwick, Rev. John Tuffts of Newbury, Rev. Jona- 
than Gushing of Cochecho (in Dover), Rev. Jno. Rogers of Kittery, and 
Rev. Joseph Adams of Newington, with two messengers from each of said 

Mr. Pike was not an unknown preacher in Summersworth before it was 
set off as a parish ; this fact appears by a vote at a parish meeting Decem- 
ber 6, 1732: 

Voted that Rev. Mr. James Pike have thirty pounds paid him the ensuing 
year more than his stated salary to make up his former arrearages for his 
preaching to the people of said parish before his settlement amongst them. 
It is stated that he began to preach there August 27, 1727, but was not or- 
dained until three years later. He preached his first sermon October 23, 1726; 
he preached his last one October 31, 1790, having been in continuous service 
in the ministry sixty-four years. 

Rcz\ Jajiics Pike was born in Newbury, Mass., March i, 1703; he died 
at the parsonage in Somersworth March 19, 1792, aged eighty-nine years; 
he was son of Joseph and Hannah (Smith) and grandson of Joseph and 
Susanna (Kingsbury) Pike, who was son of John Pike, the immigrant who 
came to Newbury in 1635. Rev. James Pike graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1725, in the same class with Rev. Dr. Mather Byles of Boston, and 
Rev. Timothy Walker, first minister of Concord, N. H. Soon after he grad- 
uated he came to Berwick, now South 15erwick, and taught the first grammar 
school ever opened in that town. The next year, 1726, he commenced preach- 
ing, as opportunity came to hand, and he began in Somersworth in August, 
1727. He was a great preacher and a good manager in parish afiairs. He 
had no quarrels with his people. 

The Congregationalist Journal, published at Concord, N. H., January 
10, 1850, says: "Near the junction of (Bostona) Maine and Great Falls 
Railroad, stands an ancient but well-preserved house with three venerable 
elms in front. In that house lived and died the first minister of Somers- 
worth, and these elms were borne from tiie forest on his shoulder and planted 
where they stand by his hand." 

It is of interest to note here that tlie house was built about 1730, and 

220 HISTORY OF STR.\I"I"( )Rr) COUXl^- 

was burned to tlie ground in 1903, the owner at lliat time being Judge RoI>ert 
G. Pike, a great-great grandson of the Rev. James. Two of these elms are 
completely gone, but part of one still lives, after ha\ing Ijeen struck by light- 
ning several times, and was somewhat scorched when the house was acci- 
dentally burned with valuable family heirlooms and things of historical 

Rev. James Pike married, August j6, 1730, Sarah, daughter of Nicholas 
and Sarah (Clark) Gilman of Exeter. It is a singular coincidence that they 
both died on the same day, March 19, 179-', lia\ing lived together in married 
life sixty years. They had a family of seven children. The fifth was Nich- 
olas, born October 6, 174-3; graduated from Har\ard College, 1766; taught 
school at York, Me., and afterwards at Newburyport, Mass. In 17S8 he pub- 
lished his arithmetic, which was in use in schools a great many years. The 
writer of this has one of the copies of the edition of 1788, and it is well 
preserved. He endowed a scholarship at Andover. Mass. Mr. Pike was a 
justice of the jjeace for more than fifty years. He was one of the great 
mathematicians of his age. 

Amos \V. Pike, Esq., a great grandson of the Reverend James, who in- 
herited and resided at the ancestral homestead, wrote of his ancestor as 
follows : 

"His parish was very large, extending throughout what is Somersworth 
and Rollinsford, and it was his custom yearly to visit every home in the whole 
town, of whatever denomination or belief, and to tarry all night with the one 
at whose doorstep evening found him. The Quakers, so generally disliked 
at that time, welcomed him with delight, and when the rising sun bade him 
journey on, the Quaker friend would say, 'Friend Pike, I thank thee for this 
visit, and am happier for having seen thee.' 

"The interests of the people were so interwo\en with his life and heart 
that at the time of the Revolutionary war, when want and suffering stared 
so many in the face, he cut his meagre salary down to the purse of his people, 
which amounted to the value of about eight bushels of corn a year, and during 
the most trying period he would receive nothing from his parishioners, living 
upon the income of his own farm, and ministering more, if possible, to the 
wants of his people. He was the common scrivener for the whole parish; 
when they wanted any legal papers drawn they called on him to write them. 
Hardly a legal document during that period was made out in any other hand- 
writing than his own. 

"When Whitefield came to this country in 1744 he was the guest of Mr. 
Pike for several days and preached in the meeting house one Sunday. 

"A ludicrous instance of his settling a dispute is handed down. He and 


a brother minister were out walking and came upon two men who were fight- 
ing. The two divines conferred as to the best way to part them and preser\-e 
the peace. It was finally agreed that each should take one of the combatants 
and bear him away. The Reverend James unclenched his man and carried 
him oiif on his shoulders, struggling and kicking, and his brother minister did 
the same with the other disturber of the peace. Thus they ended the fight. 
The Rev. James Pike was a very strong, athletic person, and in his full man- 
hood venerable and imposing. Imbued with a deep piety and a truly Chris- 
tian spirit, his unselfish nature spent itself in working for the welfare of 
others. Nor did he cease his work until age had laid its blighting force upon 
his brow, at four score and seven, and the stately form was laid in its final 
resting place at the age of eighty-nine years. His funeral sermon was 
preached by the Rev. Moses Hemmingway, D. D., from the text, Rev. xi, lo: 
'Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.' " 

Mr. Pike's successor was Rev. Pearson Thurston, who served as minister 
from February i, 1792, till December 2, 1812. He was a graduate of Dart- 
mouth College. His successor was Rev. Luke Spoflford, who remained but a 
short time, when he was succeeded by Rev. Mr. Blodgett. In 1824 Mr. Reu- 
ben Porter became pastor and served two years, and also preached at the 
village of Great Falls; and when the "First Congregational Society of Great 
Falls" was organized in January, 1827, he was called to be their minister. He 
accepted the call and served them one year. Mr. Porter was the last regular 
minister of this first parish church. In 1827 its membership had decreased 
to five, and in 1829 to two. Preaching in the old meeting house ceased. 
Business and church centered at Great Falls, in Somersworth. 

As already stated, the First Congregational Church at Great Falls, con- 
sisting of eight members, was organized on January 16, 1827. Their first 
meetings were held in a schoolhouse. Their first minister was Reuben Porter. 
The next was Rev. Josiah T. Hawes, who served from January, 1828, to 
January, 1830. The meeting house was built in 1828, and Rev. Dr. I,yman 
Beecher deiivered the dedicatory sermon in August, that year. Mr. William 
Twining succeeded Mr. Hawes as preacher, serving two years, and increased 
the membership very much. Rev. James A. Smith became the next minister 
in 1832 and remained four years. Mr. Smith's successor, who remained not 
quite a year, was Rev. Alfred Goldsmith. The Rev. John R. Adams began 
his labors with the church, as acting pastor, in September, 1838, and remained 
two years and four months. His successor, Rty. Samuel Beane, was or- 
dained July 7, 1 84 1 : dismissed May, 1844. The seventh pastor. Rev. James 
T. McCallom, was installed October, 1844; dismissed December, 1853. Rev. 
James B. Thurston was acting pastor during 1844. Rev. George Anthony 


was ordained October 3, 1855, and served until i860. His successor was 
Rev. Horatio O. Buttertield, who was installed May 23, 1861, and served 
four years. The Rev. Ephraini N. Hidden, the eleventh pastor, was installed 
January 5, 1865: dismissed December 30, 1869. Twelfth pastor. Rev. Clark 
Carter, was installed April 27, 1870; dismissed June, 1872. Thirteenth was 
Rev. Stephen W. Webb, who served eight years. During his pastorate the 
meeting house was renuxlelcd and enlarj^ed. In making these changes a 
pleasant and commodious vestry was furnislied. Since that date the church 
has been supi)lied with very able pastors and has flourished to the present time. 


The High Street Methodist Episcopal Society was organized .September 
22, 1827, with the following members: Alfred French, Charles Lewis, 
Moses Bates, David Minor, Simon Hall, Bartlett Hall, Christopher C. Wal- 
cott, John G. Chase, Thomas T. Edgerly, John Home and George W. 

The first Methodist sermon preached in what was known as Great Falls, 
was at the house of Gershom Home in 181 7, by the Rev. John Lord, then 
laboring on the Rochester circuit, which embraced Dover, Somersworth, 
Berwick and several other tow-ns. Mr. Home and family at this time were 
the chief proprietors of the territory that is now occupied by the compact 
part of the city. In 1825 the Rev. J. N. Moffitt, pastor at Dover, held occa- 
sional services here at an unfinished house on Bridge street. The first class 
was organized in 1826 and consisted of eight persons. The first settled min- 
ister was the Rev. Giles Campbell, who served the lawful Methodist terms of 
years and was succeeded by the Rev. Aaron 1). Sargent, in the beginning of 
whose ministry services were first held in an unfinished room in one of the 
mills, but he was an enthusiastic leader and soon measures were taken for 
the erection of a meeting house, which was completed and dedicated in Sep- 
tember, 1828. The dedication sermon was delivered by the Rev. Stephen 
Martindale of Boston. The society was then in a flourishing condition, and 
has since then maintained a first class standing among the churches of the 
Methodist Episcopal Conference of which it is a member. 

Following is a list of ministers who have presided over this church during 
the first half century of its legal organization: The Reverends Giles Camp- 
bell. Aaron D. Sargent, Benjamin R. Ho>1:, George Storrs, John F. Adams^ 
Daniel S. Robinson, Samuel Morris, Joseph Dearborn, Eleazer Smith, Elihu 
Scott, James W. MowTy, Daniel S. Robinson, Silas Green, Henry \V. Adams, 
Samuel Kelley, Elisha Adams, Moses Howe, James Pike, Charles N. Smith, 


H. H. Hartwell, R. S. Rust, S. Holman, Richard Humphrey, C. S. Harring- 
ton, A. J. Church, John H. Lord, Charles Young, Daniel C. Babcock, O. H. 
Jasper, C. U. Dunning, J. W. Adams, H. Woodward, W. E. Bennett and 
R. L. Green. In this list are the names of some of the most distinguished 
ministers of New Hampshire during that period. 




The lirst recorded movement toward changing from a jjarish in Dover to 
separate town was in December, 1743, when the parish "voted that Thomas 
Wallingford, Esq., and Mr. Benjamin Mason be agents to prosecute a peti- 
tion in behalf of the Parish of Summersworth in order tliat said parish may 
obtain the benefits and pri\ileges oi a town." 

Nothing came of it, however, and there is no rccortl of any other until 
that of 1753, which proved to be successful. The last parish meeting was 
held in 1754, and the end of the record of it has the following: "An end of 
ye parish Parish Records, 1754." The next page of the same book contains 
the following words: "The Begiiming of Ve 'I'own Records. 1734." 'Ihe 
first entry is the charter of the town ; the people i)etitioned to have their town 
named Summersworth, but Theodore Atkinson, the Province Secretary, or 
some one in authority, in drawing up the bill spelled the name wrong — So}ii- 
erszi'orth — the name of the parish was never si>elled that way, but always 
Summcrszvorth. The charter is as follows: 

Anno Regni Georgii Secundi Magnae Britanae Franciae et Hiberniae Vicis- 

simo Septimo. 

[L — 81 An act for erecting the Parish of Somersworth in this Province 
into a Township. 

Whereas ye Inhabitants of said Parish by their agents have petitioned by 
the said Parish which was made by an act of Assembly by metes and bound 
might be made a Town by ye same limit & Boundaries of ye Parish represent- 
ing 1)\' it would be of considerable advantage to tliem and no Detriment to ye 
Town of Dover of whicii they are now a Part upon which ye said Town have 
been heard by their agents & offering no material ol)jection — 

Be it therefore Enacted by ye Governor and Council and .\ssembly and by 
ye authority of the same it is hereby Enacted & ordained Ijy all ye Poles and 
Estates within ye bounds of said Parish .shall l)e and hereby are severed & 
separated from ye said Town of Do\er and shall not from time forward be 
adjudged & taken for a Part of sd. Town but shall be wholly Exonerated & 
Exempted of & from all taxes. Charges & Duties within ye same & as a part 



of said Town and the said Poles & Estates are hereby Enacted & Incorporated 
into a town by ye Name of Somersworth and ye Inhabitants thereof shall be 
& hereby are Enabled to take, Purchase & hold any estate to them or their 
successors forever by that name, as also thereby to give, grant, sell and con- 
vey ye same, to sue & be sued, to Prosecute & Defend & have Perpetual Suc- 
cession and continuance forever and ye said Corporation is hereby invested 
with all Immunities, Franchises, rights & Privileges by law granted to any 
Town in this Province. 

Provided nevertheless yt. nothing in the Act shall be construed and 
Deemed to Discharge ye said Poles & Estates as part of ye Town of Dover 
and from their Proportion of any Damage which may hereafter happen to 
said Town by reason of any former grant of land. Contract or other act what- 
soever done by said Town or anyway relate to or affect the right. Property 
or manner of Improving. Dividing, or Disposing of any Common and un- 
divided land in said Town. 

Provided also that ye said Town of Somersworth is hereby directed & 
enjoined always to keep & maintain a good bridge fit for carts to pass & re- 
pass over Xewichwannock ri\er at Salmon Falls or Ouamphegon so called 
within this Proxince from ye Charge of which ye said Town of Dover shall 
be entirely exempted so long as said town shall keep and maintain a good 
jjridge as aforesaid over Cochecho river & no longer — and Thomas Walling- 
ford, Esq., Capt. John Wentworth & Mr. IMoses Stevens are hereby appointed 
and authorized to call ye first meeting of qualified voters in ye said Town of 
Somersworth according to law to be held there sometime in ye month of 
May next as ye Persons above named shall appoint to choose all Town officers 
as ye Law directs — and all after meetings of .said voters to be according to 
ye Directions of .said Province in such cases Provided, the annual meeting 
for ye choice of Town officers forever hereafter in ye said Town to be on 
ye second Tuesday in March. 

Province of New Hampshire 

In the House of Representatives April i8, 1754, the foregoing bill having 
been three times read, voted yt. it Pass to be Enacted. 

Meshech \\'eare, Speaker. 

In Council April 22d 1754. 

The foregoing Bill read a third time Passed to be Enacted. 

Theodore Atkinson, Secry. 

In Council Eadem Die Consented to 

B. Wentworth. 

Copy ex md Theodore Atkinson, Secry. 

Thus on April 22, 1754, the Parish of Summersworth became the Town 
of Somersworth, by reason of a careless spelling, by Theodore .\tkinson, sec- 
retary of the province. The agents who presented the petition nexer asked for 


any change in spelling; they had petitioned for and thought they had ob- 
tained a charter for the Town of Sunimersworth, as appears from their no- 
tice calling the first town-meeting. That notice was as follows : 

Whereas the Parish of Summersworth have sometime since Petitioned 
the General Assembly of this Province by their agents in order to be made a 
Town separate from ye Town of Dover & vested with all Town Privileges, 
and whereas said General Assembly has granted ye Prayer of said Petition 
appointing us ye subscribers to call a Town Meeting — 

These are therefore to give Notice to ye Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of ye Town of Summersworth by law qualified to vote in Public Town-meet- 
ing that there will be a meeting held at ye meeting-house in Summersworth 
aforesaid on Tuesday the fourteenth day of this Instant May at one of ye 
clock in ye afternoon To Choose all Town officers for ye ensuing year as ye 
Law Directs. All persons concerned are desired to give their attendance 
promptly at ye Time above mentioned. 
Dated at Summersworth ist May i754- 
Per order ye General Assembly. 

Thomas Wallingford. 
John Wentworth, 
Moses Stevens. 
By order of ye Selectmen, Moses Carr, Parish Cler. 

The record of the first town-meeting is here given and shows who were 
the men prominent in town affairs. 

"At a Town-meeting held at ye meeting-house in Somersworth on Tues- 
day, ye 14th day of May, 1751. Pursuant to warrant by virtue of an act of 
General Assembly. 

"Capt. John Wentworth was chosen Moderator of 2d Meeting, Doctr. 
Moses Carr, Town Clerk; Col. Thomas Wallingford first selectman, Capt. 
James Hobbs, second selectman, Capt. John Wentworth, 3d Selectman. Mr. 
Charles Baker & Capt. William Wentworth assessors. Mr. Richard Philpot. 
Mr. Francis Roberts Mr. Samuel Austin Commissioners. Mr. Amos How- 
ard Constable. Mr. Daniel Goodwin & Ensign Benj. Tvvombly, Tythingmen. 
Capt. Archd. Smith, Mr. Eliphlet Cromwell, Mr. Moses Stevens, Mr. Samuel 
Jones & Ensign Icabod Rawlings. surveyor of Iiighways. Mr. F.liphlet Crom- 
well, Mr. Ebenezer Wentworth & Mr. Thomas Whitehouse, Field Drivers. 
Thomas Whitehouse, .Abraham Mimmee, Richd. Downs & Samuel Horn. 
Hogreeves, Moses Stevens, Pound-keeper. Lt. Benja. Wentworth & Mr. 
Benja. Wej-mouth, fence viewers. Dea. Gershom Wentworth & Mr. Philip 
Stackpole, overseer of Ye Poor. Mr. Elisha Andrews, Surveyor of lumber. 
Mr. Moses Tibbetts, Leather Sealer. 

"At ye above meeting Col. Thos. Wallingford declared yt. he freely gave 


to ye Town of Somersworth ye charge of mending ye meeting-house Bell, 
upon which ye Town voted thanks. 

"A true entry By Moses Carr, Town Cler." 

The complete record of the last meeting of the Parish of Summersworth 
is as follows : 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants belonging to ye Parish of Sum- 
mersworth. These are to give notice of a meeting to be held at ye Meeting- 
house in Summersworth on Monday ye fourth Day of March Next ensuing 
ye Date hereof at one of ye clock, afternoon. 1'hen and there to choose 
all Parish ofificers for ye ensuing year as ye Law Directs and also to consider 
and do what may be thought proper Respecting ye Rev. Mr. Pike's Salary. .A.11 
persons concerned are desired to give their attendance at time and place. 

Dated at Summersworth ye 20th of Feby. 1754. 

By order of ye Selectemen, Moses Carr, Parish Cler. 

At a Parish meeting held at ye meeting-house Pursuent to ye preceding 
warrant on Monday ye Fourth Day of March 1754, Capt. John Wentworth 
was chosen moderator of sd meeting, Drctr Moses Carr Parish Clerk. The 
following gentlemen were chosen Selectmen for ye Present '^'ear, viz. Capt. 
John Wenworth, Capt. James Hobbs & Dea. Gershom Wentworth. Voted 
Mr. Samuel Austin, Mr. Reichard Philpot & Mr. Francis Roberts Commis- 
sioners. Mr. Philip Stackpole choose to take an Inventory thro ye Parish & 
voted twenty shillings for the service. 

Voted Mr. Samuel Austin Twelve Pounds ten Shillings for keeping Rich- 
ard Hammock ye Present year. 

Voted Dr. Thomas Nock Twelve Pounds ten shilhngs for keeping Hugh 
Connor ye Present year. 

Voted Mr. Moses Stevens fifty shillings for Ringing ye Bell, sweeping & 
taking care of the Meeting-house the present year. 

Voted ye Revd. Mr. James Pike's salary one hundred & sixty pounds this 

A true entry Moses Carr, Parish Cler. 

Following is a list of the parish clerks. Dr. Thomas Miller was elected 
January 7, 1730, and served till December 6, 1732. Nathaniel Perkins, De- 
cember 6, 1732, to December 15, 1735. Thomas Miller, from December 15, 
1735. to December 16, 1736. Benjamin Twombly, from December 6, 1736, 
to March i, 1747. Dr. Moses Carr, from March i, 1747, to March 14, 1754, 
the date of the first town-meeting. 

As soon as the new town got into full swing the spirit of improvements 
enthused the people and it manifested itself in various ways. The town 
needed new roads and began at once preparations for their construction. 
Following are samples of the most important of the highways: May 28, 
1754, the selectmen laid out a road from the bridge at Salmon Falls to the 
road to the "upper mill." May 23, 1755, they laid out the first road con- 
structed at Great Falls. It extended from where now is the Great Falls Bank 


over Prospect Hill, down Plorn's Hill by the John Roberts' place, to l'"orest 
Glade Cemetery, where it connected with the "Road yt. leads through the 
Pitch pine Plains to Cochecho." For more than sixty years that was the 
only highway to Great Falls. In 1764 they laid out the Rocky Hill road 
to Rochester line. In 1770 an attempt was made to have the town build a 
bridge between Great Falls and Berwick, but it was voted down in town 

In 1772 the public institutions of Somersworth consisted of a meeting 
house, a schoolhouse, a gra\e yard, a training field and a pound, all nf which 
were located at the center of the town, where now is Rollinsford Junction. 
That year the inhabitants decided to build a new meeting house. It was 
built and in 1773 it was "voted that the committee pull down the old meeting 
house the new so far finished as to be comfortable & decent to attend worship 
in, antl that they apply such of the old house to furnishing the new one as may 
answer well, and sell the rest at Public Vendue for the benefit of the Town." 
This house stood near where the old cemetery is at Rollinsford Junction. 

April 22, 1782, the town "voted to join with Berwick in building a Bridge 
over the Mill Pond at Quamphego," and it was built that year. 

In 1783 a bridge was built between Berwick and Great Falls, Berwick to 
keep one-half in repair and Somersworth the other half. According to tra- 
dition, this first bridge at Great Falls was located nearly in the same place 
where the present bridge is; and the city of Somersworth and the town of 
Berwick "go halves" on keeping it in repair. 

At some period before 1807 a bridge was built across the ri\'er where 
now is the village' of Salmon Falls, and March 10, of that year, the town 
voted to accept it and keep it in repair. This was the third bridge across 
the river in that town. 

In 1823 a new road was built to connect Great Falls village with Dover. 
It extended from the foot of Prospect street (the old road) to the old road 
south of the Carr place, .so known. That road is the present High street of 
the city. The electric railway between Do\er and Somersworth was located 
on this route in 1889, and Budgett Park was laid out which now is ktiown 
as Central Park. Another new road to Dover was laid out in 1837 by way 
of Green street. 

The first annual tow n meeting in Great Falls was held in the vestry under 
the Congregational meeting house, March 8, 1842: the annual meeting for 
March, 1843. was held in the old meeting house, but the contest was on be- 
tween the old center of business and the village of Great brails, which had 
become the more powerful. Si)ecial meetings were held, sometimes at the 
Falls, at other times at the old meeting house. .\t a special meeting January 


15, 1845, it was voted to build a town house at Great Falls at a cost not 
exceeding $4,000. An attempt was made at the following annual meeting 
in March to reconsider this vote, but this was defeated by vote of 271 in 
favor and 344 opposed. The tow n house was built, and the annual meeting 
was held in it March 12, 1846. 

The dwellers in the neighborhood of the old parish meeting house were 
greatly dissatisfied and began to devise ways and means to divide the town. 
Salmon Falls, though a manufacturing \illage, was smaller than Great Falls, 
while the farmers in the Salmon Falls section were wealthy and occupied 
some of the best farms in tiie state. They and their ancestors had ruled 
the town and the parish for more than a century. It was humiliating for 
them to forsake the old meeting house at the center and come up to the out- 
skirts to town meeting. They would not stand that sort of treatment. So 
at the annual town meeting in March, 1849, one article in the warrant was 
as follows : 

"To see if the town will vote for a di\ision of Somersworth by a line 
commencing on Salmon Falls river at or near Fray's brook, so called, and 
running westerly to the line of the town of Dover, near the house of Benja- 
min Hussy." This was defeated by a vote of 263 in favor and 364 against 

Although the minority were beaten in town meeting, their "mad" was up 
and their courage powerful. They took the question to the General Court 
in the following June and their petition for division was granted. They gave 
it the name of Rollins ford for the reason that the Rollins family was quite 
numerous and were influential and powerful in support of the petition. 

A committee appointed by the General Court, consisting of George W. 
Nesmith, Thomas E. Sawyer and Josiah H. Hobbs, divided the property 
owned by both towns in common as follows : The town house, the woodlot, 
the town pound, the fire engine and salamander safe should be the property 
of Somersworth, and the "poor farm" and stock and other personal property 
thereon should be the property of Rollinsford. There were seven inmates 
at the farm; the committee decided that Somersworth should take care of 
four of them, and Rollinsford three. Thus Rollinsford began its separate 
existence, and for sixty-four years has an honorable history of its own. 

Somersworth continued to advance in improvements, and in an increase 
of its population. It established the Forest Glade Cemetery; it put sewers in 
its streets; it lighted its streets and stores and residences with gas; it put 
in electric light after i88g; it provided good schools and was a tidy, up-to-date 
town, and the citizens concluded they wanted to make it a city. They pe- 
titioned the Legislature and at the January session, 1893, an act was passed 


to establish tlie city of Somersworth, by virtue of which the town of Somers- 
wortli became a city, I'ebruary _'4, 1893. The first city election was held on 
the second Tuesday of March, 1893; the candidates for mayor were Franklin 
N. Chase, Democrat, and Christopher H. Wells, Republican. The vote in the 
wards was as follows: Ward one, Wells 155; Chase 147. Ward two. Wells 
157; Chase 112. Ward three, Wells 144; Chase 138. Ward four, Wells 58; 
Chase 147. Ward five. Wells 68; Chase 86. And Mr. Chase was elected by 
52 majority. The first city clerk was Fred L. Shapleigh. 

For seventy years the place where the compact part of the city of Som- 
ersworth is, was called and generally known as Great Falls ; nobody ever said 
thev were going to Somersworth. No, they were going to Great Falls; but 
when it came to changing from town to city government there was a revolt 
against calling it "City of Great Falls." The old historic name was restored, 
and we have city of Somersworth. It was astonishing how quickly the name 
Great Falls was dropped; it has never been used since 1893. Before that date, 
probably, half of the inhabitants did not know they lived in Somersworth. 
It was a happy change; historic names should be preserved. 



The first provision for a school in the new parish was made by the fol- 
lowing vote at a parish meeting, December ii, 1733: 

"Voted that the Selectmen have power to raise one hundred and ninety- 
four pounds money, to pay Mr. Pike his salary, his firewood, the School, the 
Selectmen, Clerk & Collector." 

This money was probably raised, for July 2, 1734, the parish "voted that 
Hercules Mooney be the schoolmaster here for one month (viz.) from July 
4tli to August 4th, 1734, next ensuing, at three pounds fifteen shillings per 
month. Voted that Capt. Thomas Wallingford and Mr. Philip Stackpole be 
the men that join with the Selectmen at the month's end, above, to agree 
with said Mooney, or any other suitable person to keep school in this Parish 
for the Residue of the summer and autumn." 

This was the first school committee of Somersworth, so far as the records 

At a parish meeting in 1735 it was "voted that Mr. Jno. Schrugham be 
schoolmaster for one month in this Parish at the Discretion of the Selectmen," 
also "voted that there be thirty pounds raised to defray the charge of a school 
this summer and autumn." 


Nothing definite is known concerning John Schrugham. but tlie first 
schoolmaster, Hercules Mooney, has a record worth mentioning in this his- 
tory. He was a citizen of Durham for many years, but the last fifteen years 
of his life was spent in Holdemess, where he died in April, 1800, and his 
grave is marked by a rough slab of granite. He was colonel of a battalion 
of New Hampshire militia in the Revolutionary war. 

Colonel Mooney was born in Ireland aliout 17 10. He was of good family 
and well educated. He is said to have been tutor in a nobleman's family 



in that country. He came to Dover in 1733, and the next year, July 4, 1734, 
he coninienced teaching school in the parish of Summersworth in Dover, 
and was engaged there about a year. About 1737 he niarrietl Elizabeth, 
daughter of Benjamin Evans, and resided near "Barbadoes' '" pond, on the 
"Littleworth" road, localities familiar to Dover people. He resided there 
about ten years, during which time his children, Obadiah, Benjamin. Jona- 
than and Elizabeth, were born. During the time he also did more or less 
school teaching at "Cocheco" in Dover, and sjjcnt the rest of his time in vari- 
ous occupations which provided bread and butler. About 1750 he removed 
to Durham and engaged in teaching there. Previous to that date his wife 
died, and soon after he settled in Durham he married Mary Jones, widow of 
Lieut. Joseph Jones of that town, and resided on the Jones farm, which 
later was the residence of (iorham W. Hoitt, Sheriff of Strafford county for 
several years, and wliicli remained in possession of his family until the death 
of his daughter, Miss Mary A. Hoitt, in 1912. The part of Durham in which 
this fann is located was separated from that town in 1766 and made the 
parish of Lee. Colonel Mooney resided on that fann until his removal to 
Holderness in 1785, of which town he was one of the grantees in 1761. 

Hercules Mooney was not only a good schoolmaster, but also a valiant 
soklier. In 1757 he received a captain's commission in Colonel Meserves' 
regiment, and took part in the expedition to Crown Point, his son, Benjamin, 
serving as ensign in his company. In 1758 this son Benjamin was first lieu- 
tenant in Capt. Thomas Tash's company at Crown Point. This son has a 
fine record, as also other sons of Colonel Mooney. 

The town records of Durham show that Col. Mooney held various town 
offices, besides being schoolmaster. He was assessor in 1762; selectman in 
1765; and that 3'ear headed the petition with ninety-nine other inhabitants 
of Durham to ha\e the town divided into two parishes. In response to 
;his petition, and favorable action by the town of Durham, the I'roxincial 
Government set oft' a part of Durham and incorporated it as the parish of 
Lee, January 6, 1766, with town privileges. Captain Mooncy's farm being 
mostly on the Lee side of the division line, he taught school at Lee Hill 
village until the Revolution, and again after the war until his removal to 
Holderness. His sons Obadiah and John were also school teachers. Colonel 
Mooney served as one of the selectmen of Lee from 1769 until he joined 
the Revolutionary army. He represented Lee in the Fifth Provincial Con- 
gress at Exeter December 21, 1775, and his record in that Congress shows 
than he was more conservative than most of the delegates. From that time 
until 1783 he was the Representative from Lee in the Provincial Assemblies, 
except one year, 1777. 








FRANKJ.I\ Jll<:il srilodl., SAI.MdN i'ALl.S, \. H, 


FAI.LS, N. H. 


Marcli 14, 1776, Hercules Mooney was appointed major in the regiment 
of Col. David Oilman, and stationed at Newcastle and vicinity. September 
25, he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the Continental battalion, then 
being raised in New Hampshire, which was placed under Pierce Long and 
stationed at Newcastle, until ordered by General Ward to march to Ticon- 
deroga in February, 1777. Upon the approach of the British army under 
General Burgoyne, Ticonderoga was evacuated July 6, 1777, and the New 
Hampshire troops were ordered to help cover the retreat, during which a 
few were killed and about one hundred men wounded. From May 22,, 1778, 
to August 12, 1778, he was member of the Committee of Safety; and again 
from December 23, 1778 to March 16. 1779. June it,, 1779, he was ap- 
pointed colonel of a regiment ordered for continental service in Rhode Island. 
The regiment was raised in June and remained in service until January, 1780. 

After the war Colonel Mooney resumed teaching at Lee Hill; served 
as justice of the peace for Strafford county from July, 1776, until his removal 
to Holderness in 1785, and was afterwards justice of the peace in Grafton 
county until his death. He was one of the selectmen of Holderness and was 
its Representative in the State Legislature, 1786-1787 and 1789-1790. This 
closes a brief sketch of the career of the first schoolmaster in the parish of 
Summersw orth. 


Judge Wm. D. Knapp, in his excellent but brief histoi-y of Somersworth, 
says: "In 1737 the parish voted sixty pounds for a schoolmaster; voted that 
Mr. John Sullivan be the schoolmaster for the ensuing year; vote that John 
Sullivan sweep and take care of ye meeting-house & to have thirty shillings." 

Judge Knapp then adds: "John Sullivan came from Limerick, Ireland, 
in 1723; landed at York, Me.; was a teacher in Berwick; married Margery 
Brown in 1735, and soon after purchased 70 acres of land in Berwick, 
where he resided more than sixtv vears. He died in Mav, 1796, in his lOTth 

Judge Knapp's statement is erroneous in some points, viz. : John Sullivan 
married Margery Bro«n, who came over in the same ship with him and 
landed at York in the winter of 1723: he was a man of thirty-two years; 
she was a girl of nine years ; he paid the captain of the ship for her passage 
across the Atlantic; she "served her time" as a house maid from 1723 to 1735 
in one of the best families in Old York; they were married in 1735, when he 
was forty- four years old and she was twenty-one, "out of her time"; 
they commenced housekeeping at Summersworth soon after they were mar- 


ried, as we know by legal documents he drew up for others and signed his 
name "John Sullivan of Summersworth." And next, in 1737, the parisli of 
Summersworth hired him as its schoolmaster; he continued sucli until April, 
1752, a period of fifteen years, when, at a meeting of the parish April 6, 
"voted Mr. Joseph Tate twenty-three pounds old tenor, to keep Parish School 
one month." A notice of Master Tate will be given later. 

Jn August, 1753, John Sullivan bought his farm in Berwick of Mr. 
Samuel Lord; he built a liouse on it, on the hill, and removed his family 
from the Summersworth village to it in 1754; he resided there until his 
death in June, 1796, in the 105th year of his age. So he lived in Berwick 
forty-two years only, instead of "more than si.xty years," as Judge Knapp 
states. There is no record that Master Sullivan ever bought land at any 
other town or place. His remarkably brilliant family of children were all 
born in the parish of Summersworth, viz.: Benjamin, in 1736; Daniel, in 
1738; (Gen.) Joim, in 1740; (Gov.) James, in 1744; Mary, 1752; Ebe- 
neder, 1753. These are the facts, and yet the cyclopedias and biographical 
dictionaries keep right on repeating the old error, that his children were born 
in Berwick, Me. The error, probably, originally started by some writer 
who knew that he lived in Berwick many of the last years of his life and 
therefore took it for granted all of his married life was passed there, hence 
that his children were born there. It seems this is the proper time and place 
to correct this error of many years' endurance, and establish for tiie parish 
c>f Summersworth the illustrious honor which belongs to tliat little village, 
now known as Rollinsford Junction. Xo more illustrious family was ever 
horn in New Hampshire ; and no greater schoolmaster has ever lived in the 
jjrovince or state than was Master John Sullivan. 

The parish of Summersworth in Dover, as has been stated, hired Master 
Sullivan to keep school in 1737; but that was not the first school he kept in 
the town. He arrived at York, Me., from Limerick, Ireland, in the winter 
of 1723. His first work was on the Mclntire farm in that town to earn money 
to pay for his passage. The reader will better understand this part of his 
career by letting him tell his own story. In his old age, when he and his 
wife were calling at a neighbor's house, they got to talking about his younger 
days, and he told the following story, which was recorded by the person 
who heard it. Master Sullivan said in the presence of his wife: 

"I sailed from Limerick, Ireland, for New England in 1723; owing to 
stress of weather the vessel was obliged to land at York, Me. (it had intended 
to land at Newburyport, Mass.). On the voyage my attention was called 
to a pretty girl ol nine or ten years, Margery ilrown, wlio afterwards became 
my wife. As my mother had absolutely refused to furnish me with the means 


for paying transportation, and I had not means otherwise, I was obliged 
to enter into an agreement with the captain to earn the money for my passage. 

"After I landed at York, for a while I lived on the Mclntire farm in Scot- 
land Parish. Unaccustomed to farm labor, and growing weary of manual 
occupation, I applied to Rev. Dr. Moody, pastor of the parish, for assistance. 
I made my letter written in seven languages, so that he might see I was a 
scholar. He became interested in my behalf, and being conversant with my 
ability to teach he loaned me the money with which to pay the captain the 
amount I owed for my passage. Thus set free from the Mclntires, I was 
assisted to open a school and earn money to repay Dr. Moody." 

You will notice he does not say where he opened his school; but there 
is evidence concerning this point in his career. It was in the winter of 1723 
that he worked on the Mclntire farm. Winter on a farm then was cutting 
lumber in the forest ; cutting firewood in the dooryard ; and feeding and caring 
for the stock in the barn. That was what the son of aristocratic Irish parents 
was set to do, and from which Dr. Moody freed him. The minister of the 
First Church in Dover, at Cochecho, was the Rev. Jonathan Cushing; Mr. 
Gushing and Dr. Moody were close friends. Mr. Cushing was influential 
in school affairs, as well as in many other ways in Dover; so it is not difficult 
to see why the following appears in the Dover town records : 

At a meeting of the Selectmen in Dover the 20th of May, 1723, ordered 
that two schoolmasters be Procured for the Town of Dover for the year en- 
suing, and that their sallery exceed not £30 Payment a piece and to attend the 
Directtions of the Selectmen for the servis of the town in eque'll Proportion. 
Test. Thomas Tebets, Towne Clerk. 

At the same time Mr. Sullifund exseps to sarve the Town above sd as 
Scoolemaster three months sertin and begins his servis ye 21st Day of May 
1723, and also ye sd Sullefund Promised the Selectmen that if he left them 
soonner he would give them a month notis to Provide themselves with another, 
and the Selectmen was also to give him a month notis if they Disliked him. 
Test. Thomas Tebets, Towne Clerk. 

The above also shows where John Sullivan began keeping school. There 
were to be two teachers, "for the serivs of the Towne in Equi'll Proportion." 
That means one schoolmaster was for Dover Neck, at the meeting house ; 
the other at Cochecho, where the Rev. Mr. Cushing lived, and the presump- 
tion is fair that Master Sullivan was located near Pine Hill where the meet- 
ing house was and Parson Cushing lived. There is no record in regard to 
the matter, but I have no doubt he kept on teaching here in Dover until he 
got married and had a call to become schoolmaster in the parish of Summers- 


worth in Dover, in 1737. Alter he bought his farm in Berwick and sctlleci 
there in 1754, he became schoohnaster there, and kept on teaching more or 
less until he was much passed four score years of age. He w'as sixty-tliree 
years old when he settled in Berwick, and he was a noted schoolmaster there 
for a score of years. There is not the slightest evidence that he taught school 
in Berwick before 1754. He taught school in Old Dover thirty years, and in 
Berwick twenty years. All the Dover men who took such a prominent part 
in the Revolution had been his pupils. 

Of course Master Sullivan did not keep school every ukjiuIi in the year; 
he did many other things. He was an expert at drawing up legal papers, 
deeds, wills, etc. He raised his own vegetables, com, beans, etc., for the 
hou.sehold, and was always ready to lend a hand at whatever needed to be done 
in the Parish of Sunimersworth. He had private pupils at his house. 


Joseph Tate, known as "Master Tate," was the immediate successor of 
Master John Sullivan as schoolmaster in the Parish of Sunimersworth. He 
was an Englishman, but where he was born tlie writer does not know. It 
is said that the maiden name of his mother was Bird. He did not live near 
the meeting house, as his predecessor did, but by the Salmon Falls river, about 
fifty rods below the lower mill. He married Elizabeth Saunders. She was 
probably a widow, as his record says, 21 Dec. 1774, "My wife's daughter, 
Elizabeth Todd, broke her leg in going home from my house." He lived 
some years previous to his death, at the house of Captain Morris Hobl)s, 
where he died in 178-', aged about ninety years, and was buried near Cajitain 
Hobbs in the family burying ground, near the present residence of Charles 
Ham. He had a family of four sons and one daughter; the sons: Robert, 
born in 1744; Joseph, born in 1746; Benjamin, born in 1749; and Mark, born 
in 1 75 1, were all soldiers in the Revolutionary war. 

Master Tate was noted as a schoolmaster, but he is still more noted and 
remembered to this day by the journal he kept, which is now in possession 
of the tow n clerk of RoUinsford. The volume is headed : "Names of Eamilies, 
Children, Names and Time of Birth, in the town of Somersworth, Mar. ye 
26, 1776." It is said that some of his records were lost by the burning of a 
dwelling house. The extant volume gives dates prior to 1767, of births of 
children in the families then resident in that town, and continues until 1778, 
his other records come down to 1786. The volume contains, also, "Memo- 
randums of Sundry Things, viz., Deadis, Marriages, Disasters, etc." There 


are interspersed extracts from periodicals, statistics, recipes, notices of cur- 
rent events, etc. ; and the book is very curious and valuable. 

Up to 1793 the town had been one school district ; in that year a committee 
was chosen to divide the town into school districts, and locate a schoolhouse 
in each district. The committee divided the town into four districts. In 1794 
the town voted that the selectmen may not furnish the districts with school- 
masters: that each district furnish themseh'es with schoolmasters, and that 
they will save the selectmen harmless from all costs that arise from a fine on 
that account. 

Somersworth has always been up-to-date in its schools, and sometimes in 
the advance of other towns. By an act of the Legislature passed in 1848, 
known as the "Somersworth Act," school district No. 3 in Somersworth (the 
Great Falls district) was permitted to have a system of graded schools, and 
maintain a high school, to purchase land for schoolhouse lots, not exceeding 
three acres in one lot, and to erect such schoolhouses thereon as may be deter- 
mined on by vote of the district; also to hire money to meet the cost of lot and 
building, in excess of $2,000. Under this act a lot was procured on Prospect 
Hill in 1849, and the present high school was erected upon it at a cost of ten 
thousand dollars. This was the first high school established in New Hamp- 
shire. Dover did not take this step until 1852. The graded system was 

The principals and instructors in the high school have held high rank in 
the profession, and some of them have won distinction in other fields of work. 
As an adjunct of good schools the citizens have maintained a good circulating 
library, which was established in 1842. In the articles of agreement adopted 
December 31, 1841, they gave it the name "Manufacturers' and Village 
Library." The organization continued under this business agreement seven 
years. On the 30th of April, 1849, a voluntary association was organized 
under the statutes, a constitution and by-laws were adopted and officers 
chosen, whereby the partnership gave way to a kind of corporation. A charter 
was obtained from the Legislature in June, 1855, which provided that John 
A. Burleigh, Mark Noble, Royal Eastman, Isaac Chandler, Henry Y. Hayes, 
George W. Wendell and their associates, successors and assigns, be and hereby 
are constituted a body politic and corporate by the name of the "Manufact- 
urers and Village Library" and that "they may establish a library in Somers- 
worth, may lease or erect and maintain suitable buildings therefor, and may 
take and hold by gift, grant, purchase, devise, or otherwise real and personal 
estate to the amount of S20,ooo," which later was enlarged to $100,000. A 
reorganization was established and the library commenced to grow^ and flour- 
ish and has continued doing excellent work to the present time. 


In August, 1888, one of the original incorporators gave the Hbrary a lease 
for ninet)'-nine years of the second story of his block on Orange street, to be 
used as lil)rary rooms. Henry J. Furl>er, Esc].. of Cliicago, a former resident 
of Somerswortli. supplemented Mr. Chandler's generous gift by giving money 
sufficient to finish and furnish the rooms so as to afford excellent accommo- 
dations for the library. The lilirary now has about thirty thousand xdhinies, 
and any person can have the privilege of reading these books by paymeet of 
one dollar a year. 



When the Parish of Somersworth began to be settled it was not a condi- 
tion such as the modern vaudeville song has it, "Everybody works but father." 
The fact was "father" took the lead and all the boys and girls followed in 
helping keep on hand a good supply of pork and beans, bread and butter, and 
homespun clothing for all sorts of weather, and they had plenty of "all 
sorts" in the beginning of things here. As the ground was covered with for- 
ests, untouched since the ice age in New England, the men and boys first of 
all had to use their axes in chopping, and their broad axes in hewing to build 
houses for all sorts of purposes. They had to use the broad axe until they 
could build saw mills, and as soon as they could get to it the town granted 
water falls to enterprising citizens for the construction and running of the 
mills; more than that, the mill owners received grants of timber for use in 
the mills. The early town records of Old Dover contain reports of many 
such grants. For example : 

5, 17 Mo; 1652. "Whereas Captain Thomas Wiggins and Mr. Lyman 
Bradstreet have sett upp sawmill works at Ouamphegon ffall" they are granted 
trees on land a couple of miles long and one mile broad; f 10 rent per annum. 

5, 10 Mo: 1652, at Fresh Creek a mill privilege, on the west side of the old 
road, was granted to "William Ffurber, William Wentworth, Henry Langster 
and Thomas Canney;" £6, rent per annum, "for the wood beside ten shillings 
for every such mast as they make use of." 

So it is manifest what the chief business was at the beginning of things 
and this business held good for more than a century and a half. About 1700 
Judge John Tuttle, one of the big men of Old Dover, came into possession of 
the Quamphegan mills and did great lumber business for a score of years. 
His residence was on Dover Neck, a short distance below the Meeting House. 
But not all the lumber business was done in sawmills. The manufacture of 
pipe-staves, clapboard, shingles, etc., by hand, was extensively engaged in. 
You know in the old arithmetics one of the tables the boys had to commit to 




memory was tliis: Four gills make one pint; 2 pints make one quart; 4 quarts 
make one gallon ; 63 gallons make one hogshead ; 2 hogsheads make one pipe . 
4 pipes make one ton. Well, the "pipe-staves" that the Dover men made were 
made into casks that held two hogsheads, as stated in the tahle. Dover had 
coopers who manufactured the "pipes," a very profitable business ; after the 
heads and hoops were all fitted, the casks were taken apart and placed com- 
pactly together, and shipped to the West Indies for the use of the molasses 
and rum trade. 

Time went on; one thing opened the way for another. I'p to 1750 no 
record of more than one farmer is found at Great Falls, on either side of the 
river. Andrew Horn was resident on the Somersworth side. A sawmill and 
a gristmill were Iniilt at the lower le\el about 1755. There was no dam across 
the river, but power was obtained by drawing the water through a sluice way, 
at the side, from the upper to the lower level. The business had become so 
thriving that in 1763 the mill proprietors petitioned for a road to be built that 
would give them connection with Dover. The proprietors of these mills were 
Ebenezer W'entworth, Isaac Hanson and several others. Up to 1820 there 
was no dam across tlie river, the power being obtained by the sluice way. 
Soon after that something happened. A quiet, but energetic Quaker, Isaac 
Wendell, came up there from Dover and viewed the "Great Falls" and saw 
what a mighty power ^vas running to waste. Mr. Wendell had been engaged 
in the purchase of the Cochccho Falls at Dover, and in the establishment of 
a manufactory of cotton at that place. He, with Mr. John Williams, had 
obtained a charter and formed a company, chiefly of Boston men, called the 
Cocheco Manufacturing Company. That was in 1821. It is stated by those 
who had personal recollections of conditions at the Falls in 1822, that the 
only houses there, in what was soon to become the village of Great Falls, 
were the Joseph W'entworth house, then occu]>ied by Andrew Horn, Jr., now 
(1913) the residence of Mrs. Edgerly, widow of the late James A. Edgerly, 
Esq., and standing where it then stood, and Gershom Horn's house, which 
stood \\here the familiar J. W. Bates' blue store stood in \'ery recent period. 

The Great Falls Manufacturing Company was chartered June 11, 1823, 
with an authorized capital of $500,000. .\n increase of the capital stock to 
$1,000,000 was authorized in 1826, and in 1827 it was increased to $1,500,000. 

In 1823 the highway, now High street, was laid out, three rods wide, and 
became the way to Dover, instead of the Prospect street route, which Mr. 
Wendell described as "very narrow, rough and steei)." 

The Great Falls Manufacturing Company owned all the land from the 
Great Falls hotel south to the Indigo Hill road. ]\Iain street was opened by 
the company for a highway, and in 1827 the town laid out a road, four rods 


wide, from the meeting house to the Indigo Hill road. This gave to Great 
Falls the present highway to Rollinsford Junction. In 1828 that part of it 
which is known as Main street was laid out, three rods wide, reserving four- 
teen feet on the westerly side for a sidewalk. In 1827 the town voted to widen 
and straighten the road from Mrs. Hannah Carr's by Benjamin Hussey's to 
Dover line, "as said road will be much traveled and it is of vast importance 
that the road from manufacturing establishments should be good to touch 
water, or from village to village." 

The editor of this History of Strafford County was editor and publisher 
of the Dover Enquirer in 1894, as before and after that date. In January of 
that year he received the following communication from Miss Anne E. Wen- 
dell, of Wayne, Penn., daughter of Isaac Wendell, the founder of the com- 
pany that built the mills, and the village of Great Falls. It was published in 
the Enquirer of January 26, 1894, and gives a description of the village and 
the origin of the mills which are as unique as they are of inestimable historic 
value. The editor of the Enquirer then never dreamed he \\ould be afforded 
an opportunity to use it as now given. Miss Wendell said : 

After the Dover factories were well established and John \Villiams elected 
agent, father at the request of the directors remained some time actively oc- 
cupied for their interests, then he turned his attention to Great Falls. 

I was with him on his first visit to the brails, on Gershom Horn's farm in 

I remember the impression made by the fall descending 100 feet within 
less (I think) than a mile; my father, with his quick perception, at once 
realized its value as water power for manufacturing purposes. 

He soon after purchased all the water power, the old grist mill, farmiiouse, 
and enough land as he then thought would answer all his wants. I think he 
paid $5,000, a large sum at that time. 

Immediately after the purchase, father commenced building. .At first, a 
blacksmith's shop were made tools for further operation. 

Much of the machinery was made at this blacksmith's shop, or cast at 
the little foundry on the Belamy river, which he then owned. 

The stone was quarried at "Rocky Hill," a little above, either then belong- 
ing to the property, or purchased afterward ; large scows or flat-l)oats were 
used to bring the stone clown. Brick was also made on the ground. 

The first factory erected was of wood. No. i, about 150x100. and five 
stories high. 

A canal was then opened about one-fourth mile long, thus taking the water 
from the dam to supply the factories, which \\ere to be built below. 

After No. i had been filled with machinery, and put in operation, No. 2 
was built, of brick, 250 feet long, and five stories high, with basement making 
six stories. 

.\fter this he organized a company with a capital of one million dollars. 


The stock' was readily taken, mostly in Boston, some of the same gentlemen 
interested in Dover were among them; those of the stockholders I recall to 
memory were John Bnmstead, of Trott & Bumstead, John Hooper, Henry 
Hubbard, etc.. father and uncles, A. & J. Wendell retaining one-tifth of the 

From this time the place grew rapidly, Xos. 3 and 4 were soon built, 
father acting as general agent and business manager. 

His residence at this time was at Dover, five miles south of Great Falls. 
All of his bank business was either at Dover, Boston or Portsmouth, twelve 
miles further .south from Dover, the latter town being between Great Falls 
and Portsmouth, and he drove daily back and forth between these places. 
There were no railroads in those days, and he needed fast horses, which were 
tenderly cared for, but he was always known on the road, even if not seen, 
by the rajjid step of his horse. He often caused anxiety to his family when he 
tra\eled late at night with large sums of money for pay-rolls and other 
expenses ; sometimes he secreted it in his boots, which wore the notes enough 
to be observable and called forth a query from one of the bank cashiers as 
to why his notes were so tumbled. 

He was an early riser, and when we resided at the Falls, four o'clock 
in the morning often found him going through the rooms at the mill, and 
the watchmen well knew no delinquency of theirs would pass unnoticed ; they 
were always expecting the "old man," as he was called; his dress, the broad 
brim and broad skirted coat worn by Friends and his somewhat stooping 
shoulders gave him the appearance of being much older than he was, but he 
was really a very active man, never walked slowly, and in these days would 
have been called an athlete. 

Houses were built early and as fast as needed ; the old farm house became 
a boarding house for men under the control of Major Orange; the first new 
house was a large one, on the opposite side of the road a little further north, 
and occupied by John Nute and wife Elizabeth, who accommodated the clerks, 
father, when there, the directors of the company, etc. ; in another part of the 
same house, girls were boarded; if I recollect aright, this house was on the 
upper corner of the old Dover road, which was then very narrow, rough and 

There were two small houses on the North side, opposite the burying 
ground; I do not renienil)er whether they were new or old. 

Beyond the Nute house was early erected the row of houses with the high 
front steps ; the first was occupied by Asa Arnold, and afterward by Dr. Mar- 
tin ; my father moved into the second, and the others, which were double 
houses, were occupied in 1826 and 1827 by John G. Chase, William Hill, 
Abner Jones, — Gridley, J. Stanwood, and Gideon Smith. 

Near the new bridge was a shop, occupied by Daniel Ham, hatter, and a 
store afterward used as postoffice and Tappan W'cntworth's office. 

I do not know when the new bridge was built. l)ut it was there in 1826; 
also a row of houses beyond the river, on the eastern side of the road. 

Oi^ the south corner of the old bridge was a small frame shop, I think 
shoemaker's; next going south, was James Stanwood's large store, then Dud- 

■k'l d-Lti. fiiSJf Ji/i- 3 



N. H. 


SOMEESWOirni national bank and HIGH 




ley W'iggin's tailor shop, a dwelling occupied by Dr. Martin, in 1826, the 
factory, store and counting house ; below these, running nearly to the old 
grist mill, which in 1826 was still in use, was a row of one-story buildings, 
occupied bv a tin-man. barber, and Ann Bearing's millinery. 

Fronting these up the hill, stood the old "Farm" boarding house, and 
still higher on the other side of the Dover road a large house, whether new 
or old, I do not remember ; Oliver Walcott occupied it. The Presbyterian 
church nearby was erected Ijefore, or in 1827. 

The two-storied frame houses on the east side of the canal were built 
as early as 1823 I think, — in them lived at that time Whittemore, Lamos, 
Moore, Lemuel Perham ( for a little while) and Bibljy tlie wife beater, who 
received the ladder penalty, which cured him. 

On the west side of the canal, passed the road leading to Berwick ; on this 
road in 1824 were built the row of two-storied brick houses, fronting others 
near the river, there being quite a distance between the two, the canal sep- 
arating them. 

In 1824 the street back of these was opened with two-story frame houses 
on each side : Moore's boarding house was the last one down. 

In 1825 the company commenced the brick hotel on the corner of the 
Dover road ; soon after Isaac Stanwood built his store, and Joseph Whittier 
his house, near the wood ; opposite, I think, Gershom Horn's new house ; these 
in 1827 were the last houses on the Dover road. There were others near, 
but I cannot recall them. 

The Presbyterian church was built in 1826; the Methodist had no church 
building until near 1830; they met in private houses or vacant rooms. Dudley 
Wiggin was one of their leaders. John G. Chase joined them; he was one 
of the noblest of Christan men down to his old age, and one of the able men 
father gathered around him, among whom were Daniel Osborne, principal 
clerk; David Osborne (Williams & Wendell's Boston clerk), David Barker, 
Gideon C. Smith, Brayton Slade, James Dennis, Asa Arnold, Charles Law ton, 
Abel Fletcher, a mathematician of high order, Jonathan Freeman, and others. 

There were also odd and peculiar people, and amusing incidents. No 
intoxicating drink was allowed on the place, while under my father's control, 
ginger-beer was substituted for those who desired it, but liquor was often 
secretly obtained. The laborers building the walls of the canal, left little 
hiding places for the bottle. Father had no control in Maine, and the men 
sent their shoes to be mended, he thought, rather oftener than was necessary, 
and one day, observing a messenger boy returning with a pair of boots, he 
approached the boy on the bridge, but before they met, the boots went over 
the railing into the river, and the story was told. 

One season, in very warm weather, a death occurred at Rocky Hill; 
it was reported the man would have been saved, had they been allowed stim- 
ulants; but after examination, it was found that he alone among the men, 
had taken liquor." 

The woolen mills were in full operation in 1826, weaving carpets and 
broadcloth. They were under the care of Oliver Walcott, but not being 
profitable, were abandoned after a few years." 


The gristmill and sawmill, which had been at Great Falls from 1755 to 
1822. when they gave place to the cotton mill, were rebuilt at the lower falls, 
familiarly known as "New Dam," in 1825. The gristmill was on the Somers- 
worth side and tiie sawmill on the Berwick side, a "new tlam" iiaving been 
thrown across the river that year. The gristmill was maintained until 1863, 
when the Great Falls Woolen Company was incorjwrated with a capital of 
$50,000. This comi)any took a lease of the power there and built a woolen 
mill in place of the gristmill. In 1864 the capital stock of the company was 
increased by a stock dividend to $100,000, having made immense profits on 
the manufacture of anny goods for use in the Civil war. The woolen mill 
is still in operation and is owned by Deering, Milliken & Co., of New York 
City, of which Seth M. Milliken is the head and chief owner. Mr. Milliken 
is a son-in-law of the late Dr. Levis G. Hill, of Dover. The sawmill on the 
Berwick side has given place to the electric plant of the Consolidated Light & 
Power Company; the change was made in 1888. 

The manufacture of cotton cloth (the chief industry of Somersworth) 
was almost at a standstill during the Civil war. but the Great Falls Company, 
having confidence that the Union army would subdue the rebellion and restore 
prosperity, occupied the time while its looms were idle, in making improve- 
ments in its plant. A flouring mill was erected and put in operation, and 
a reservoir was constructed on Prospect Hill, and connected by a twelve-inch 
pipe with the river, to be filled by force pumps in one of the mills. The town 
was pennitted to lay water pipes, connected with this main pipe, and to place 
hydrants through (he town for protection against fire, the company to have 
the use of the town's pipe for such service as its needs might require. Under 
this verbal agreement the town has extended a system of pipes and 
service, so that the city is not in danger of a great conflagration through lack 
of water. The reservoir is 140 feet above the upper level of the river (top 
of the upper dam) and has a capacity of 1,700,000 gallons. In 1890, the 
company erected by the side of the reservoir, a water-tower, or stand-pipe, 20 
feet in diameter and 70 feet high, having a capacity of 160,000 gallons, which 
furnishes a pressure in the hydrants on Market street of eighty pounds to 
the square inch, sufficient to throw streams of water over the tallest buildings 
in the city. Further improvements have been made since then in various ways 
There are other minor industries carried on in the city, whicli are ijrosperous, 
but which are of comparati\ely recent dale. 


The Great Falls Bank was incorporated by the Legislature in 1846 and 
its charter was approved July 8th of that year. Its capital stock was $100,000, 


and its original incorporators were Joseph Doe, John A. Burleigh, Daniel G. 
Rollins, Samuel Hale, Nathaniel Wells, Winthrop A. Marston, Benjamin 
Hanson, Oliver H. Lord, Thomas B. Parks, Oliver Hill and Ezra Harthan. 
August 30, 1849, it was voted to increase the capital to $120,000, and August 
II, 1851, it was voted to further increase it to $150,000. The bank was reor- 
ganized as a national bank, March 27, 1865. The first president was Joseph 
Doe, 1846-1848; John A. Burleigh, 1848-1860; Nathaniel Wells, 1860-1878; 
he was succeeded by David H. Buffum, who had been the first cashier until 
April 20, 1863, when he was succeeded by Joseph A. Stickney, who held the 
oflice until he was murdered in 1897 by Joe Kelley. The name of the bank 
was changed in 1902 from Great Falls National to First National of Somers- 
worth, and Fred M. Varney was Mr. Stickney's successor as cashier and 
served until 1908. 

The Somers worth State Bank was incorporated in 1855, and became the 
Somersworth National Bank in 1865, and its charter has been renewed under 
that name each twenty year periods since then. The incorporators of the 
State Bank were : Oliver H. Lord, George W. Brasbridge, Royal Eastman, 
Charles F. Elliott, George McDaniel, John S. Haines, Calvin Whitten, Stephen 
Shorey, John H. Burleigh, David L. Rollins, George W. Wendell and Au- 
gustus Gushing, all strong men in business affairs. Oliver H. Lord was the 
first president and held the position until 1881. 

Edward Ashton Rollins, son of Daniel G. RoUins, was the first cashier. 
He later achieved national fame as commissioner of internal revenue, and as 
president of the Centennial National Bank of Philadelphia. He is the gen- 
tleman who gave the money to build the beautiful Rollins Chapel for Dart- 
mouth College. 

George L. Dearborn was Mr. Rollins' successor as cashier of Somers- 
worth National Bank ; John A. Burleigh succeeded Mr. Dearborn ; he was fol- 
lowed by Samuel S. Rollins, who held the ofifice nineteen years, until his death 
in 1881, while he was in performance of his duties of cashier. Henry C. 
Gilpatrick succeeded Mr. Rollins and served until his death in 1897; Charles 
M. Dorr held the office 1897-1899; and in December, 1899, Edgar A. Leigh- 
ton was elected cashier and has held the ofifice to the present time. The presi- 
dents of this bank have all been able and high-minded men. Since 1896 Jesse 
Robinson Home has held that position. 

The Somersworth Savings Bank was incorporated July 2, 1845. and the 
first meeting of the incorporators was held .August i6th following; they were 
Joseph Doe. John A. Burleigh, Daniel G. Rollins. Tchabod G. Jordan, Nathan- 
iel Wells. Mark Noble, Oliver H. Lord, Jeremiah Goodwin, Ezra Harthan, 
Hiram R. Roberts, Benjamin Hanson. Moses Baker and Wm. W. Rollins. 


The officers elected were: John A. Burleigh, president; Hiram R. Roberts and 
Daniel C. Rollins, vice preseidents ; Joseph Doe, Moses Baker, Wm. W. Rol- 
lins, Ichabod G. Jordan, Nathaniel Wells, Benjamin Hanson and Oliver H. 
Lord, trustees. The secretary and treasurer was Mark Noble. 

The bank was opened for business September i8, 1845, in Central build- 
ing, on Main street. The first deposit book was issued to Henry Hobbs for 
$100; which book is now in possession of the bank. This bank has continued 
sound and prosperous to the present day, having been carefully and honestly 
managed for sixty-seven years. The treasurers have been : Mark Noble, 
1845-1857: David H. Buffum, 1857-1867; Joseph A. Stickney, 1867-1877; 
Albert A. Perkins, 1877-1S97; William Sewcll Tibbetts, 1897 to the present 
time. The presidents: John .\. Burleigh, i845-i8(;;>o; Micajah C. Burleigh, 
1860-1881 ; Samuel S. Rollins, one month only, in 1881 ; Isaac Chandler, 
1882-1890; Edward Hargraves, 1890-1905: Jesse Robinson Home, 1905 to 
present time. There is one official now connected with the bank who has been 
in its service since 1871, Miss Angenette Stickney, who has .served as clerk 
continuously and efficiently; no errors have been found in her work. In this 
connection it is but justice to state that Miss Martha T. Walker has held 
the office of assistant cashier of the Somersworth National Bank continuously 
since 1877. These two ladies are both remarkable for their efficiency, ac- 
curacy and courteousness in the performance of their duties. Probably no 
other banks in New Hampshire have women officials who have served that 
length of time. 

The Great Falls Bank erected a banking house, in 1845, ^^ the corner of 
Prospect and Market streets, on the site of the old blacksmith shop which An- 
drew Home, Jr., occupied in 1823. The bank building consisted of one story 
and a basement and was used by both the Great Falls Bank and the Somers- 
worth Savings Bank. The entrance was from Prospect street. In 1874 a sec- 
ond story, new entrance from Market street, and a tower were added to the 
building, making it the present elegant banking house of the Great Falls Na- 
tional Bank. 

In 1876 the Somersworth Savings Bank erected the large and substantial 
block at the corner of High, Fore and Elm streets, and Ijcside room for itself, 
provided accommodations for the Somersworth National Bank, an office for 
the American Express Company, several stores, business offices, a hall for the 
Odd Fellows, and another for the Knights of Pythias. 


The Boston & Maine Railroad had been built in 1842 through Somers- 
>vorth from Dover to Berwick, and in 1843 a branch was built from the old 


meeting-house about two miles to the village of Great Falls. The first pas- 
senger train over this branch arrived in Great Falls July 4, 1843, amid the 
booming of cannons, firing of crackers, barking of dogs, and a general hurrah 
of the people. Some persons now living, who were boys and girls then, wit- 
nessed this the grand entry of the train, and no event since then has made a 
stronger impression on their memory; they say they had great fun. 

The railroad company built a station where the present station is located; 
also a stone engine house and a large freight depot on Market street. Before 
the railroad was built, all the freight of the Manufacturing Company had been 
hauled by teams over the road w here the electric cars now run, between Great 
Falls and Dover Landing. By means of the railroad these freights were 
moved with less expense and the village was brought within three hours' ride 
of Boston. This gave a great boom to business, and more capital was in\ested 
in the village of Great Falls. 

A postoffice had been established at Great Falls in 1825; it was Somers- 
worth but did not take that name. Uncle Sam's postmaster general called it 
Great Falls, New Hampshire, and the postoffice retained that name until the 
village of Great Falls became the city of Somersworth. For more than three 
score and ten years the business world dealt with Great Falls, but had no deal- 
ings with Somersworth. So it came to pass that many intelligent citizens 
did not know that they lived in Somersworth, as it was never mentioned; 
they lived at Great Falls; that was the name of the postoffice and they took it 
for granted that was the name of the town they lived in. But when the village 
became a city the leading citizens made haste to have the name of the postoffice 
changed to Somersworth to avoid all possible chances of having the business 
world regard it as the "City of Great Falls." 



The Parish of Summersworth had noted men from its beginning until ihe 
Provincial Assembly changed it to the Town of Somersworth, wiiich orthog- 
raphy was not asked for by tiie parish, and somebody blundered when he 
drew up the act of incorporation, and nobody noticed the blunder until it 
became law. In that part of the old parish, now Rollinsford, near Salmon 
Falls village, stands an old mansion house, a little northwest of the Boston 
and Maine Railroad station, which was built about the year 1710 by Col. 
Paul Wentworth, a very wealthy and enterprising citizen of the parish. 
This is the oldest house in old Somersworth, and an interesting history is 
connected with it during the Revolutionary war period. It has continued in 
possession of the Wentworth family to the present time (1913). Within 
its well preserved walls are yet to be seen many of the articles of household 
use in the provincial period, .\mong the most interesting is the old clock, 
still running and keeping good time, the running work of which was made in 
England, and the case was made by some skilled mechanic of New Hamp- 
shire, whose workmanship cannot be surpassed by all the "modern improve- 
ments." A long and interesting story is connected with the history of that 
house and its furnishings; but that is not for this paper; following is some 
mention of the builder. 

Col. Paul Jl'oitzvorth was born in 1678. He was son of Ezekiel Went- 
worth, one of the older sons of Elder William Wentworth. This Ezekiel 
Wentworth appears on the Dover tax list of from 1672 to 1677. He was 
fined for not serving on the jury in 1687. He received a grant of sixty acres 
of land adjoining Salmon h'alls river, above Indigo Hill, and ten acres of 
marsh near Black-Water, March 19, 1693-4. He received also a grant of 
thirty acres of land near Black- Water brook, April 2, 1696. He served on 
the jury in 1699. He received a grant June 3, 1701, of ten acres of land at 
the head of his home plantation, and thirty acres between Black-Water 
Bridge and the pitch-pine plains. He received, with Judge John Tuttle, Sr., 



October 24, 1701, a grant of all the "mill privilege" of the west side of Sal- 
mon Falls, and with the same person (who had w'ife Mary, and was son of 
the first settler, John Tuttle, in Dover, who had w'ife Dorothy), May 19, 
1702, a grant of thirty acres of ox-pasture near their mill, at Salmon Falls. 
He was one of the selectmen of Dover in 1702. He, Ezekiel, Sr., had from 
Thomas Paine, March 21, 1704, a deed of land lying in Cochecho, between 
his own land on the northeast and Thomas Downs on the southwest. He 
was assessor in Dover in 1705. He deeded land to his son (Col.) Paul, 
.April 7, 1705, when the son was twenty-seven years old. He and his wife 
Elizabeth, February 3, 1708-9, deeded to son Thomas, "mariner," as his 
portion, one-fourth of his right in the sixty acres above "Indigo Hill," abut- 
ting the river on its west side, all of which "were granted to me by ye Town 
of Dover;" November 18, 1709, he deeded one-si.xteenth of the mill accom- 
modation on the west side of Salmon Falls to son (Col.) Paul; and April 2, 
171 1, to son John, as a part of his portion, one-half of the land bought of 
Thomas Paine in Cochecho, being sixteen acres south of his (Ezekiel's) 
dwelling-house, thirty acres at Black-Water (in northwestern part of Dover) 
and one-eighth of the west side of Salmon Falls. He was Representative 
from Dover in 171 1. 

It thus appears that Ezekiel Wentworth, father of Col. Paul, lived in 
that part of old Dover which was incorporated as Somersworth, April 22, 
1754; in that part of the Parish of Summersw-orth which was incorporated 
as Rollinsford in 1849, ^"^1 now known as Salmon Falls village. His house 
proba1)ly stood near where his son P'aul built the house in 1710, which is now 
standing. As regards Col. Paul's house, he gave it to his nephew, Judge John 
Wentworth, who gave it to his son Andrew, and Andrew gave it to his son 
John P)., and the last named gave it to his son, James E. Wentworth, the 
present owner, who was born August 26, 1834. 

Another interesting fact concerning this Ezekiel Wentworth, son of 
Elder William, is that for six successive generations, subsequent to himself, 
have been members of the New Hampshire Legislature. He died while a 
member, as also did his son Benjamin, whose son John * was a member. This 
John ■* had three sons who were members, viz., Paul,^ John,^ and Andrew.^ 
John's' son Paul," and /Vndrew's ^ son John B." were members', Paul's" son 
Joseph ' was also a member. John * was elected to the Continental Congress, 
but did not attend. John '" was a member of the Continental Congress, 
Paul's" son John'' (Long John of Chicago) was a member of Congress 
twelve years, and two years mayor of Chicago. Thomas M.,' son of John * 
w^as a member of the Massachusetts Legislature from Maine, before it was 
made a state, and his son, Thomas Millet," Jr., was a member of the Maine 


Legislature. About a dozen other descendants in the name Went worth are 
also on record as nieml>ers of legislative bodies in different states. 

The writer will now return from this digression to a further considera- 
tion of Col. Paul • W eiitwortli, wiio built the iiouse in 1710, at Salmon balls, 
already mentioned. Ik- was born in 1O78; after lie built the house he lived 
in it until his death in 174H. He married (by Rev. Caleb Cushing), May 24, 
1704, Abra Brown, of Salisbury, Alass. She was admitted to the First 
Church in Dover, March 30, 1718. She was living May 9, 1740, but as she 
is not mentioned in his will made February 3, 1747-8, she doul)tless died 
before him. He was one of the wealthiest men of his time, and a leading 
man in Jjolh church and state. He was a merchant and extensive dealer in 
lumber, of which his mills at Salmon Falls sawed as much as any other por- 
tion of the country. The lumber was rafted down the river to Portsmouth, 
N. H. and thence ship]>ed to all parts of the world. He is called "Ensign 
Paul" in 1716, 1717; "Captain Paul" in 1727. Soon after that he was ap- 
pointed Colonel of the New Hampshire Second Regiment, and was known 
as "Colonel Paul" to the end of his life, and will always be so known in 
history. He was one of the selectmen of Dover fourteen years, between 1716 
and 1740; one of its Representatives from 1732 to 1738; Moderator in town 
meetings many times. He died June J4, 1748. Tlie Boston Weekly Nezvs 
Letter of July 14, 1748, says: 

"New Hampshire, 24 June, 1748. This day. after a short fit of sickness, 
died Col. Paul Wentworth, Es(|., of Sunimersworth, in the 70th year of his 
age; he left a very handsome Inheritance, out of which he gave (as it is 
judged) near 1.500 pounds (old tenor) for pious and charitable uses. That 
is to say, the improvement of said Legacy, and the Principal not to he dimin- 
ished. A very laudable example worthy of imitation." 

Col. John Wentworth, often called "Judge John," was son of Captain 
Benjamin"' and Elizabeth (l^eighton) Wentworth, and nephew of Col. Paul 
Wentworth already spoken of. He was born March 30, 17 19, in the Parish 
of Sunimersworth; he was baptized in the First Church, Dover, Decemljer 
26, 1722. His father died when the son was six years old, and his Uncle 
Paul rendered assistance and practically brought him up and made him chief 
heir to his fortune, the house being part of the bequest. He was a jnipil of 
the famous teacher of Summersworth, Master John Sullivan, father of 
Gen. John Sullivan of the Revolution, who gave him as good as a Harvard 
College education. 

He was chosen one of the selectmen of Dover in 1747, as "Captain John" 
and was frequently re-elected while Summersworth continued a parish of 
Dover. He was chosen Representative to the Legislature from Dover 


in 1749 and until the parish was made a town in 1754. He was the first Rep- 
resentative chosen from the new town of Somersworth in 1755. From 1767 
he was annually elected Representative for a long series of years. He was 
chosen Speaker of the House in 1771, and was continued in tliat office during 
the existence of tiie Provincial Government, under his cousin, Gov. John 
Went worth. The Provincial House did not meet after 1775. 

Upon the organization of Strafford county in 1773, he was made Chief 
Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, by his relative, Gov. John Wentworth, 
and held that office till that government ended. His colleagues in court were 
George Frost, Otis P>aker and John Plumer. Under the Revolutionary Gov- 
ernment he was chosen by the Assembly one of the judges of the Superior 
Court. January 17, 1776. He was one of the State Councillors from Decem- 
ber 21. 1775, until his death. He was colonel of the Second New Hampshire 
Regiment when the grand review took place on Tuttle Square, Dover, in 
front of the First Parish meeting-house, by Gov. John Wentworth, who came 
up from Portsmouth was a grand escort. It was at this grand review, the 
Rev. Jeremy Belknop, pastor of the First church, preached a noted sermon 
on military duty, which is presers'ed in the library of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. He was lieutenant-colonel under Col. John Gage as 
early as 1767. 

He was appointed one of the Committee of Correspondence, with the 
other colonies about the Revolution, May 28, 1774. He was in the Speaker's 
chair when Gov. John W^entworth sent in an order dissolving the Assembly 
June 8, 1774. Three days later he wrote, for the committee of which he was 
a member, to the Committee of Correspondence in Massachusetts, cordially 
commending and supporting the action that had been taken in Massachusetts. 
July 6, T774, a chairman of the committee (which later became the historic 
Committee of Safety which managed .affairs during the war"), he issued a 
call to all the towns and parishes to elect delegates and send them to a con- 
vention to be held at Exeter on the 21st day of July, 1774. which convention 
should elect delegates to a Congress of all the Colonies. 

That convention was the first Revolutionary Congress in New Hamp- 
shire ; it met at the appointed time ; Col. John Wentworth was chosen chair- 
man, Gen. John Sullivan and Nathaniel Folsom were chosen delegates to the 
first Continental Congress; John Wentworth, as chairman, signed their 
credentials. That Congress met in Philadelphia, September 5, 1774. This 
Congress recommended that another Congress be held May 10, 1775. so 
Colonel Wentworth issued a circular November 30, 1774, calling for the elec- 
tion of delegates by the towns and parishes to a Congress or Assembly to be 
held at Exeter, the 25th day of January, 1775, to elect delegates to the second 


Continental Congress to be held in riiiladelphia, ]\lay lo, 1775. The 
second A'ew Hani])shire Congress met in accordance with the call and Colonel 
W'entworth was chosen president of it. They elected Gen. John Sullivan and 
Grov. John Langdon delegates lo the Continental Congress. They ordered the 
Coniniittee of Correspondence to issue an address to the people of New Hamp- 
shire to organize for defense against any attacks by the British authorities. 
Colonel W'entworth wrote it and signed it as chairman. It was pub- 
lished in full in the (Portsmouth) New Hampshire Gazette, February 3, 
1775. The beginning of the Revolution contains no more patriotic and well 
worded document than this one from the pen and brain of Col. John Went- 

Colonel Wentwortli was president of the convention held at Exeter, April 
-'• 1775, two days after the battle at Bunker Hill, at which a committee was 
appointed to go to Concord, Mass., and consult with the Massachusetts Con- 
gress as to what course to pursue. It adjourned on the 4th of May, as the 
regular Provincial Assembly met at Portsmouth on that day, of which many 
in the convention were members, and wished to attend. 

Tlie Assembly met as above stated and Colonel Wentwortli was unan- 
imously chosen Speaker, and his name was sent to Gov. John W'entworth for 
confirmation, and was accordingly confirmed. No Inisincss was transacted ; 
the Governor adjourned the Assembly to June 12, 1775; it met on that date 
but no work was done and Governor Wentwortli adjourned it to July 11. 
It then reassembled and he addressed it, very prudently, from Fort William 
and Mary. He adjourned it again to September 28, 1775, at which date the 
Assembly again met and received an address from the Governor, which was 
his last official communication to the Assembly of New Hampshire, dated at 
Isles of Shoals, September, 1775, proroguing it to the next April. That was 
the end of British rule in New Hampshire. Presto, change ! In came the 
Independent Government of New Hampshire, in January, 1776, and Col. John 
Wentworth, of Somersworth. Councillor and one of the Judges of the 
Superior Court, which offices he held until the day of his death. The last 
date at which he was present at tlie Council Board was March 22. 1781, and 
he died May 17, 1781, at 11 o'clock I'. M. Thus he did not live to see 
acknowledged the independence of his country, for which lie so indefatigably 

He was buried at 4 o'clock P. M., May 21, 1781, in the family burial 
ground at Salmon Falls. There was a large attendance at the funeral. This 
burial ground is on the farm now { 1913) occupied by Col. John's great-grand- 
son, Mr. James E. W^entworth, who lives in the Col. Paul W^entworth house, 
built in 1 7 10. This farm was first owned by Ezekiel - W^entworth, who had 


the land as a grant from the town of Dover, and gave it to his son, Col. Paul. 
In that ground were buried Ezekiel - and his descendants, who died in the 
vicinity of Salmon Falls. The grave of Col. John and his three wives are still 
pointed out. The maiden names of his wives were: Joanna Oilman, of 
Exeter; Abigail Millet, of Dover; Elizabeth W'allingford, of Somersworth. 

Col. Thomas W alliyigf ord , whose daughter was third wife of Col. John 
Wentworth, was one of the most noted nien of the Parish of Sumniersworth 
in Dover, and of the Town of Somersworth after it was incorporated in 1754. 
He was bom in Bradford, Mass., July 28, 1697; he died in Somersworth, 
July 28, 1771. He was son of John - Wallingford and grandson of Nicholas ' 
Wallingford, the immigrant who came to New England from Old England 
in the ship Confidence of London in 1638. John ^ Wallingford married 
December 6, 1687, Mary, daughter of Judge John and Mary Tuttle, of Dover, 
N. H. They resided in Bradford, Mass., until his father-in-law. Judge Tuttle, 
erected his saw mill at Salmon Falls about 1702, when Mr. Wallingford 
joined with the judge in the lumber business, in which Col. Paul Wentworth 
was also engaged with Judge Tuttle. That is how it came about that the 
Wallingfords became citizens of Dover at the Parish of Sumniersworth. 
Thomas, probably, first worked in his Grandfather Tuttle's saw mill, and by 
inheritance continued in the lumber business, more or less, for many years. 
He lived on the old road from Dover to Salmon Falls, near the site of the 
old Somersworth meeting-house, at Rollinsford Junction, as known to the 
present generation, between the meeting-house and the Falls, being the last 
house on the left-hand side as one approaches the Falls. He was a merchant 
and had his store in the village at the meeting-house. He became one of the 
wealthiest, as he was one of the ablest, men in the Province of New Hamp- 
shire. He was a Representative from Dover, Parish of Summersworth, in 
1739, and each year thereafter until and including 1745; he was moderator 
in Dover town meetings in 1739, 1745, 1746, 1748; one of the selectmen in 
^733> 1739. 1741 to 1746 and 1748, and was Judge of the Superior Court 
of the province from 1748 until his death. For several years he was colonel 
of a regiment. His grave is in the cemetery at Rollinsford Junction; a 
large slate headstone marks the spot, and has an elaborate inscription. 

Judge fchabod Rollins was born in Dover, July 18, 1722; he died in Som- 
ersworth, January 31, 1800. He was son of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Ham) 
Rollins, of Greenland, who removed to Dover about 171 1, and settled in that 
part of the town which later became the Parish of Summersworth. in the 
neighborhood of what is now Rollinsford Junction. Jeremiah was son of 
Ichabod, who was son of James, the immigrant who settled in the Bloody 
Point parish of Dover about 1640, on the farm where now is Rollins station 


on the Portsmouth & Dover Railroad. He went to school to Master John 
Sullivan, father of the general. He married Abigail Wcntworth, cousin of 
Col. John Wentworth already mentioned. They lived on tiie farm, in the 
nineteenth century known as the William W. Rollins farm, a lineal descend- 
ant of the judge. Ichabod was Representative of Somersworth in the 
Legislature of 1775 and lyyC-i; Judge of Probate from 1776 to 1784; 
councillor in 1789. 

Dr. Moses Carr was born in Xewbury, Mass., November, 1715. He died 
in Somersworth. March 30, 1800. He was son of John and Elizaljeth Carr, 
who was son of James and grandson of George Carr, immigrant to Ipswich, 
Mass., in 1638. Doctor Carr came to Dover with parents when he was very 
young. Seven years of his boy Hood were spent as member of the household 
of Capt. Benjamin W^entworth, of Somersworth, whose niece, Mary Gerrish, 
he married in 1740. He was educated in Master John Sullivan's school, and 
later studied medicine, commencing practice about tlie time he was married. 
He lived at Rollinsford Junction and for sixty years practiced his profession 
in that and neighboring towns. He was town clerk from 1748 to 1776; Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas from 1776 to 1784; Representative from 
Somersworth to the Legislature in 1781, 1782 and 1783. 

Col. James Carr was born April 22, 1748. He married Susanna Went- 
worth, daughter of Col. John. He lived on a farm near Salmon Falls village 
on the old road to Dover. He entered the army at the beginning of the Revo- 
lution as first lieutenant in the company of Capt. Jonathan Wentworth in 
Col. Enoch Poor's regiment and served through the war, being promoted to 
major before its close for meritorious service. After the war he was colonel 
of a regiment of New Hampshire militia. He was sheriff of Strafford county 
from 1800 to i8to. He was Representative from Somersworth from 1791 
to 1800. and again from 1810 to 1815. 

Col. Jonathan Wenfzvorth was born in Dover, September 8, 1741; died 
in Somersworth, November 16, 1790. He was son of Samuel Wentworth, 
who was a soldier in the Revolutionary army. He lived at Dry Hill in that 
part of Somersworth called "Sligo." He was one of the selectmen of Som- 
ersworth in 1774. He was with two brothers in the Revolutionary army. 
He commenced service as captain of a company raised in Somersworth in 
1775. and served in Col. Enoch Poor's regiment. He started with his com- 
pany from Somersworth and made a rapid march of sixty-two miles just 
previous to the battle of Bunker Hill and arrived in Chelsea, opposite where 
the battle was, in the morning, but could not cross the Mystic river on account 
of the enemy, so went round by way of Medford to join the troops, but could 
not participate in the battle. He was under W^ashington at Cambridge, in 


1776; was at Ticonderoga in September of that year, but owing to some dis- 
agreement of commanding ofticers he left the service for a time. He again 
joined the Continental army at Rhode Island, August 5, 1778, under Gen. 
John Sullivan. He was major in 1783, under Col. Thomas Bartlett, of Not- 
tingham, and at one time brigade-major under Col. Stephen Evans. In 
March, 1779, he was Representative from Somersworth in the Legislature 
and held that office continuously from that date to March 13, 1782. He was 
colonel of the Second New Hampshire Regiment in 1789 and later. 

Somersworth had other noted men between the close of the Revolution 
and 1820, when Great Falls began to be looked at for development of its 
power, which had been running to waste for centuries. During the half 
century from 1820 to 1870, the following were a few of the noted men who 
led in business, church and state : 

Isaac Wendell was born in Portsmouth, November i, 1786; died in Bustle- 
ton, Pa., about 1866. He was son of John ^ Wendell, who married, June 20, 
1753, Sarah, eldest daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Frost) Wentworth, 
of Portsmouth. This Daniel \\'entworth was son of Lieut.-Gov. John ^ 
^\'entworth, grandson of Samuel and great-grandson of Elder William Went- 
worth, of Dover. Elizabeth Frost was niece of Sir \\'illiani Pepperrell. 
John ^ Wendell was son of John* and Elizabeth (Quincy), of Boston. This 
Elizabeth was daughter of Hon. Edmund Quincy, of Boston. John * Wendell 
was great-grandson of Evert Janse Wendell, the immigrant from Holland 
who settled at Albany, N. Y., receiving his grant of land from Gov. Peter 
Stuyvesant in 1652; he lived to be nearly a century old and became immensely 

John ® Wendell, father of Isaac,' founder of the mills at Somersworth, 
was born in 173 1 and graduated from Harvard College when he was nineteen 
years old. He studied law in Boston and soon after he was twenty-one years 
old opened an office in Portsmouth, N. H., and became an expert in the real 
estate business, as well as a good lawyer. He held professional and social 
relations with leading citizens of the time. Among others he was a personal 
friend of Gen. John Sullivan, of Durham, and contributed freely from his 
fortune, as well as by his pen, towards sustaining the stand taken in the 
province against the arbitrary exactions of the Crown. He was a ready 
speaker and writer. He received the degree of Master of Arts from Yale 
College in 1768 and from Dartmouth in 1773. He died in Portsfnouth, April 
29, 1808. 

John ^ Wendell was twice married. His first wife died in 1772 and he 
married again in 1778 Dorothy Sherburne, daughter of Judge Henry and 
Sarah (Warner) Sherburne, of Portsmouth. He was then forty-seven years 



old and she was twenty, only two years older than his eldest child then was. 
Their son Isaac, who was born November i, 178O, had an older brother 
Abraham and a younger brother Jacob, who were associated with him in the 
ownership of one-tifth of the capital stock of the first Great Falls Manufac- 
turing Company in i8_'3. 

This Jacob Wendell was a noted and \ery wealthy merchant in Ports- 
mouth, ancestor of the distinguished Prof. Barrett \\'cndell, of Harvard 
College. He became associated with his brother Isaac, in 1815, in the "Upper 
Factory" cotton mill at Dover. A letter written by Lsaac's daughter, Miss 
Ann Elizalx^th Wendell, of Wayne, Pa., about 1880, gives the following 
interesting account of her father and Uncle Jacob. She says : 

"This undertaking was first initiated by some gentlemen of Dover, at 
what is known as the "Upper I'actory," where they were at that time (1815) 
spinning yarn and also making nails. Isaac Wendell, my fatlier, entered 
waniily into the enterprise, and enlisted in its interests, and in of the 
new mills established at Dover (Cochecho Falls), and subsequently at Great 
Falls ( Somersworth), his brother, Jacob Wendell, and others, with his 
partner, John Williams, of Dover. The location and rise of the Great Falls 
Manufacturing Company dates from 1823, the legislative act granting its 
incorporation bearing date June 11, that year. The inspection of mechanical 
details in the factory at Dover was intrusted to W^illiam Blackburne, an expe- 
rienced weaver from the city of Manchester, in England, while Isaac Wendell 
occupied the position of agent, and exercised a general supervision over the 
interests of the mills." 

"Of the working capacity of these factories some idea may be gained 
when we state that the first year (1821) three thousand si)indles were put in 
operation in the wooden mill at Dover, since removed, while the total number 
oi>erated at both places exceeded 30,000. The bricks necessary for these build- 
ings were made on the ground (from the excellent clay banks), while nuich 
of the ironwork needed was furnished by a small furnace erected on the 
Bellamy river (at lower falls). The mills made shirtings, print cloths and 
sheetings, and the annual production was very large. Twelve to fifteen hun- 
dred operators were employed on the corporation, while the amount of money 
di.sbursed, monthly, exclusive of the cost of cotton, amounted to a large sum. 
In 1825 the company attempted the manufacture of woolen cloth and carpets, 
erecting a mill for that purpose, but it soon relinquished this project, and put 
the new factory also upon the manufacture of cotton. 

"The industry of weaving textile fabrics was then in its infancy on this 
side of the Atlantic, very little being known here at that period of improved 
machinery patented in Great Britain, which was prohibited by the Govern- 


ment from exportation abroad. Isaac and Jacob Wendell, the embryo manu- 
facturers, purchased through Daniel Webster, then resident in Portsmouth, 
several fine water privileges, the first acquisition being the estate in Dover, 
known as the (Daniel) Waldron farm, upon which they erected successively 
several structures. In the fall of 1821, the first mill was ready to commence 
operations, and its machinery was started in control of a skilful superintend- 
ent, under such favorable auspices, and with such satisfactory results, that 
two years later another mill was built upon the Salmon Falls river (Great 
Falls) purchased of Air. Gershom Horn, which was the pioneer factory of 
the Great Falls corporation. 

"For some time everything went prosperously. The mills earned a hand- 
some profit upon the capital in\ested; the stock advanced to a premium, and 
all seemed to augur well for the future, until the notable commercial panic of 
1827-28 swept the country, and one mercantile crash succeeded another. The 
destruction of all confidence in lousiness credit and financial strength was 
rapid and widespread, involving on all sides extended commercial ruin, 
among which was the failure of the Great Falls Manufacturing Company, 
and the consecpient precipitation of heavy losses upon the Wendell Brothers, 
Isaac and Jacob. The shock of this calanfity, though it very seriously 
crippled them financially, did not cause utter discouragement. Accepting 
the unwelcome and miexpected circumstances, they devoted their energies, 
in the long years to come, in successfully getting into comfortable circum- 
stances, and passed their old age on Easy street." 

Jacob Wendell died at the homestead on Pleasant street, Portsmouth, 
N. H., .August 27, 1865. Isaac Wendell married Ann Austin Whittier, of 
Dover, N. H., in 1708, who was cousin to the father of John G. Whittier, 
the poet. "Whitcher's Falls" on the Cochecho river took its name from 
her father or grandfather. Isaac W'endell removed from Dover to Bustleton, 
Pa., in 1830, and was engaged in manufacturing business there more than 
thirty years. He died about 1866. 

Nathaniel Wells was born at Wells, Me., February 28, 1805; he died at 
Somersworth, August 16, 1878. He graduated from Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy in 1826. He then went to Brunswick, Me., where he engaged in trade 
for a time and edited a weekly newspaper. He came to Great Falls in 1830 
and studied law in the office of Winthrop A. Marston, and after his admis- 
sion to the bar became a partner of Mr. Marston, and soon became one of 
the leading lawyers in Strafiford and York counties. W^hen Mr. Marston 
removed to Dover in 1842, Mr. \\'ells became law partner with Hon. Charles 
H. Bell, who later became Governor of New Hamp.shire. After the death 


of Mr. Marston in 1851, Mr. Wells formed a partnership with Royal R. 
Eastman and the partnership of Wells & Eastman continued until 1873. 

Mr. Wells was acknowledged as a leading lawyer in Stratford county, 
and his reputation extended throughout the state. He was offered a posi- 
tion on the bench of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire, but declined. 
He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1850, but he was not 
a politician nor a seeker after office. He was one of the five organizers and 
first directors of the Great Falls Woolen Co., at "New Dam." He was one 
of the organizers of the Great Falls State Bank, and first president of Great 
Falls National Bank, now the First National Bank, of which his son 
Christopher H. Wells is now president; the senior Mr. Wells was president 
eighteen years until his death. Fie was an incorporator of the Somersworth 
Savings Bank and for many years was its vice-president, which position his 
son, above mentioned, holds. 

Mr. Wells lent a helping hand in the construction of the Great I'^alls & 
Conway Railroad, and was one of the incorporators and first president of 
the Great h'alls Gas Company. In 1870 the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts was conferred on him Ijy Dartmouth College. With a broad and deep 
knowledge of the law, excelling in drawing up legal instruments, and safe 
and honest as an adviser, he built up a large practice and gained a wide 
reputation as a lawyer. 

On the 20th of Februarj-, 1844, Air. Wells was united in marriage with 
Eliza Lane Thom of Dcrry. To them were born six children, four of whom 
are now living: William T. of Maiden, Mass.; Harriet C. of St. Louis, 
Mo. ; Christopher Fl. of Somersworth, and Mrs. H. W. L. Thatcher of 
St. Louis. 

Charles Francis Elliot. M. D., was born at Mt. Vernon, N. FL. Novem- 
ber 3. 1803. \\ lien he was but a child his parents removed to Amherst, 
N. H. He obtained his preparatory education for college at Amherst and 
at Pembroke Academy. Fie eiilered Dartmouth in 1825 and graduated 
in 1829 with honor. He at once commenced the study of medicine at 
Amherst in the office of Doctor Spaulding; he completed his studies at Dart- 
mouth and at Bowdoin Medical Sclinols, and received his degree of M. D. 
in 1832. 

In December, 1833, he took up his residence here and for forty-two 
years practiced medicine in this place. He died at his home here June 23, 
1876. Dr. Elliot was a large, fine looking man and a physician of great 
skill and ability. He was one of the leaders of his profession in this section 
of New Hampshire, one of the best type of doctors of his time. He had 
a large practice, was universally esteemed as a man of high character and 


worth. He was president of the Strafford District Medical Society, 1847-8. 
He was deeply interested in educational work and at one time was school 
commissioner, being called upon to visit all the schools in the county. 

He married Harriet Adelia Thorn of Derry, August 4, 1834. Of their 
four children one is living, IMiss Mary P. Elliot, who resides in the old 
homestead on Beacon street. 

Hon. Daniel G. Rollins was born ni Lebanon, Me., October 3, 1796; 
he died February 22, 1875; he was a son of John and Betsey (Shapleigh) 
Rollins ; her immigrant ancestors and his lived on the banks of the Pas- 
cataqua river ; the one in Old Kittery, now Eliot, the other at Bloody Point 
in Dover, now Newington, their original grants of land were nearly oppo- 
site, and before 1650. Mr. Burleigh was a thoroughbred Englishman in 
both paternal and maternal ancestors, James Rollins being the paternal and 
Alexander Shapleigh the maternal immigrant. His father was a farmer and 
brought his son up to do all kinds of farm work, from hunting hens' nests 
in the barn when a kid to driving the oxen with the goad, and holding the 
plow among stumps and rocks in the '"breaking up" for spring planting; 
while his father took good care in his bringing up, outdoors on the farm 
and in attending the winter schools, the good mother in the house saw to it 
that he received good moral and religious training; so in early manhood, 
in muscle and mind he was thoroughly trained to do well whatever his hands 
found to do, and there was a lot of it during the nearly four score years 
of his life. 

Mr. Rollins left the farm and started out in the world when he was 
twenty-five years old. That year was spent in Boston, at work in a store. 
The next year, 1823, and for two years following he was located in Ports- 
mouth as agent of a sugar refining company; his chums at that time were 
men who later became known as Hon. Ichabod Bartlett and Hon. \\'. H. Y. 
Hackett. two very distinguished New Hampshire lawyers. 

He was married February 3, 1825, at Watertown, Mass., to Miss Susan 
Binney Jackson, by the Rev. Dr. Borie of that town. She was attending a 
boarding school in Portsmouth when Mr. Rollins made her acquaintance, 
resulting in a mutual falling in love. They celebrated their golden wedding 
February 3, 1875, only twenty days before his death. 

Judge Rollins, as he came to be known later in life, was a man of 
unusual enterprise. He made the acquaintance of the Wendells, Isaac and 
Jacob, while in Portsmouth, and by them was induced to remove to Great 
Falls, but he did not at first settle on the Somersworth side of the river: 
he lived on the Berwick side, where lie had a sawmill and did a good deal 
in the lumber business ; quite a lot of his lumber he used in building houses 


in the Great Falls village (Somersworthj for the accommodation of the men 
and women who worked in the cotton mills. Later he removed his family 
across the river and spent the rest of his years in the village, and his spacious 
old homestead is still held in the family. He was largely instrumental in 
the projection, construction and management of the branch railroad from 
the village to Rollinsford Junction, two miles, to connect with the Boston & 
Maine road, in 1843. The tirst passenger train over this branch arrived in 
Great h'alls July 4. 1843, amid great rejoicing by the people. Judge Rollins 
was one of the passengers and received hearty cheers when the public saw 
him. Later Judge Rollins was leader in the construction of the Great Falls 
& Conway Railroad, which was com])leted to Rochester in 1850 and to 
Conway in 1870. He also helped extend the Conway road in tiie other 
direction to South Berwick and connect it with the Portsmouth, Saco & 
Portland road at Conway Junction. He was an incorporator of the Great 
Falls Bank and of the Somersworth Savings Bank, and had much influence 
in getting the town to \ote to establish Forest Glade Cemetery ; he gave 
it the name. 

He was appointed Judge of Probate for Strafford county in 1S57 and 
held the office until 1866. He was not a lawyer; he never studied law, but 
his heart was warm, his sympathies quick, his judgment was logical, always 
making a careful decision according to the law as laid down in the books 
and according to common sense and justice when common law demanded 
a decision. Judge Rollins rarely made a mistake in his decisions of probate 
cases. His integrity was never challenged or suspected ; he was a man of 
I>ersonal purity; his speech was never unclean, profane or irreverent; he 
was subject to no evil habit. He was a member of the Congregational 
Church, and one of its liberal supporters. 

To Mr. and J\Irs, Rollins were born eleven children. Two died young 
and nine survived him. His sons were: Franklin J. of Portland, for many 
years United States collector of internal revenue for the district of Maine; 
Edward A., Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 
1850, 1852; U. S. commissioner of internal revenue and president of 
the Centennial National Bank in Philadelphia; and donor to Dartmouth 
College of the beautiful Rollins Chapel. He was graduated from Dartmouth 
in the class of 1851; he died at Hanover, N. H., September 7, 1885, aged 
fifty-seven years. Daniel Gusta\-us. district attorney for the city of New 
York several years, and surrogate. New York, 1882- 1888. He died at 
Somersworth in August. 1807. aged fifty-five years. George F. served many 
years in the Treasury Department at Washington. 

Micajah Currier Burleigh was born in South Berwick, Me., June 15, 


1818; died in Somersworth, March 7, 1881. He was a son of Hon. William 
Burleigh, M. C, and Deborah Currier, his wife; his father served three 
tenns in Congress from the first district in Maine, and died when his son 
Micajah was nine years old. The son was educated in the common schools 
and at Strafford Academy and New London Academy, at which institution 
he was converted and joined the Baptist Church, of which he always remained 
a member. In the fullness of his years he gave this institution $2,000. For 
a few months he studied law with his uncle, Hon. John A. Burleigh. Four- 
teen years he was a seafaring man, entering the sen-ice as a common sailor 
and rising to be captain in the last years. In that service of command of 
the ship and all in it jNIr. Burleigh acquired a habit of "command" which 
lasted through life; he did not forget the bluff, hearty sailor ways in dealing 
with men in other callings of business, but he did not often displease by 
these characteristics. 

On leaving the seafaring life he engaged in business in South Berwick 
in the store of Parks & Hains, general assortment of goods such as were 
in demand in a village store ; he was all-round clerk for a while, then, having 
mastered the business, he became a partner in the firm for a year or two, 
then gave it up and became partner in the firm of W. & E. Griffin, iron 
founders, then running two small foundries on the Salmon Falls river, 
one at Salmon Falls, the other at Great Falls. In about three years Mr. 
Burleigh obtained control of the whole business, the partners withdrawing. 
It was in 1848, when thirty years old, that he started in business for himself 
as an iron founder. In 1849 he procured an act of incorporation under the 
name of the Somersworth Machine Company and Mr. Oliver H. Lord 
became partner with him in the business. Mr. Burleigh was agent and 
Mr. Lord treasurer of the corporation. They met with great success and 
gathered in the shekels hand over fist. This partnership continued until 
1S64, Burleigh and Lord holding their respective offices. In that year 
Mr. Lord purchased the Dover Iron Foundry and turned his attention more 
especially to it, and Mr. Burleigh alone was the executive head of the 
Somersworth concern, and he kept on doing big business just the same, 
devoting the best and most active years of his life to it; with it his name was 
inseparably connected, and from it he acquired a large property. 

W'hen Mr. Burleigh had got himself well established in business in 
Somersworth he began to take an interest in public affairs ; having been a 
successful sea captain, he knew how to rule men in other ranks in life, and 
his fellow citizens placed confidence in him and he never betrayed them. In 
1854 and 1855 they made him their Representative in the State Legislature. 
They made him State Senator in 1858 and 1859. In 1876 they made him a 


member of the Constitutional Convention. In all these he did good service 
on important committees; he was not a public speaker or debater. Up to 
i860, when the Civil war began, he was known as Captain Burleigii. 
Governor Gilmore made him one of his staff officers with the rank of 
colonel, after that he was known as Colonel Burleigh and his fame was 
mighty among the men of Somersworth and Strafford county. New Hamp- 
shire, and York county, Maine. Colonel Burleigh had a commanding per- 
sonal apjx'arance ; he was above the medium height, broad shouldered and 
deep chested, weighing when in health considerably over 200 pounds, but 
there was nothing slow about him; always erect, and usually agile in his 
carriage. He was one of tiie most efficient members of Gilmore's staff and 
was a tower of strength to the Governor in that distressing time of war. 
He had a large, massive head, features strong and regular, a clear blue eye, 
and a mass of dark, w^avy hair in the prime of life, which in his old age had 
turned white and made him a marked man in all places where men assembled. 

On December 9, 1847, he married Mary F"rancis Russell of Somers- 
worth. They had a large family of children. Two sons graduated from 
Dartmouth College: William Russell, who was born in 1851, and graduated 
in 1872. His father was present at commencement and rccei\ed the honor- 
ary degree of A. M. at the same time the son recei\ed the degree of A. B. 
The son studied law and commenced [iractice in Somersworth. He is now 
and has been for a number of years a lawyer in Manchester. The other son, 
Edward Stark, graduated from Dartmouth in 1878; studied law and for 
many years has practiced his profession in Florida, where he was obliged 
to go for his health. 

Oliver Hubbard Lord was born in South Berwick, Me., November ig, 
t8[i: he died in Somersworth in 1890. He was a son of Ephraim and 
Sally (Goodwin) Lord. He was educated in the public schools and Berwick 
-Academy of that town and learned the trade of saddler and harness maker. 
Later he worked in the woolen factory there and won rapid promotion 
under the agent, Jo.shua \\'. Peirce. May 28, 1832, when he was twenty- 
one vears old, he came to Great Falls (Somersworth) and entcrcfl the eni]>loy 
of a dry-goods store as clerk. He remained with Mr. T,awlon one year, 
then engaged with the firm of Tarr & Bates as clerk; salary, $100 a year. 
Having learned the business, he soon was engaged as manager of the store 
of John \\\ Davis; after working two years he became partner with 
Mr. Davis, under the fimi name of Jacob Davis & Co. In 1836 he withdrew 
and engaged with John B. Wood, under the firm name of Wood & Lord, 
which continued until 1839. He then opened a store of his own and did a 
prosperous business up to 1850, when he retired from the dry-goods busi- 


iiess, and soon engaged with Hon. M. C. Burleigh, June, 1851, in the iron 
foundry business, of the Soniersworth Machine Company, he being treasurer 
and Mr. Burleigh agent. Several years afterward he became proprietor of 
the Dover Iron Foundry, which was managed by his son-in-law, Charles E. 
Marston, after Air. Lord's death. In all these concerns Mr. Lord prospered 
and acquired large wealth. 

Air. Lord was one of the incorporators of the Soniersworth Sa\ings 
Bank. He was trustee from the time of its organization until 1876, when 
he declined a re-election. He was one of the incorporators of the Great 
Falls State Bank in 1846, and one of its directors until 1852, when he 
resigned to take a directorship in the Salmon Falls State Bank, then being 
organized. He was president of the savings bank up to 1882. He was a 
stanch republican, having been a Free Soiler before the Republican party w as 
organized. He was one of the Representatives from Somersworth in the 
Legislature in 1861 and 1862. He was a stanch supporter of the Great 
Falls & Conway Railroad, and saved it from going into bankruptcy in 1856. 
He was chairman of the board of trustees of the third bondholders, who 
took possession of the road. 

Mr. Lord's wife was Mary W. G. Stevens, daughter of Dr. AA'hiting 
Stevens of Shapleigh, Me. They were married in August, 1838. They 
had two sons and two daughters, who lived to grow up : George Boardman ; 
Mary A., wife of James Dix, for a number of years principal of Colby 
Academy, New London, N. H. ; Annie A., wife of Charles E. Marston; and 
Edward Oliver. The last named graduated from Colby University in 1877. 
For a number of years he was editor and proprietor of the Great Falls 
Free Press and Journal. 

David Hanson Buffnni was born in North Berwick, Me., November 10, 
1820. He was a son of Timothy and Ann (Austin) Buffum. His father 
died when the son was six years old. He was brought up by his uncle. He 
was educated in the common schools and Berwick Academy, and taught 
district schools in the winter. He began his business career as clerk in a 
store at Great Falls (Somersworth) in 1839, at a salary of eight dollars a 
month. He began w-hen he w-as nineteen and worked two years as clerk. 
When he was tw"enty-one he became a partner in the concern and worked 
two years more. He then sold out, in 1843, and built a brick block with 
three stores in it, one of which he occupied himself for the sale of general 
merchandise. December 5, 1846, he was chosen cashier of the Great Falls 
State Bank and gave up storekeeping to attend to banking. He was cashier 
until April 20. 1863. In August, 1867, he was elected treasurer of the 
Somersworth Savings Bank and held the office ten years. In 1857 Mr. 


Buffum ami John H. Burleigh organized the Newichawannock Woolen 
Company, at South Ik'rwick, Me., and in 1862 he was one of the organizers 
of Great halls Woolen Company, and hecame its treasurer and general 
manager. He also owned a felt mill at Milton, and was partner in the wool- 
pulling establishment of I.. R. Ilerron & Co. of Berwick, Me. He was a 
stockholder and director in the Great Falls Manufacturing Company from 
1877 till his death. 

Mr. Buffum was town clerk in 1843, 1844; moderator from 1848 tt) 
1857, and selectman in i8.|6, 1871 and 1872. He was Representative in the 
Legislature of i86t and 1862. State Senator in 1877 and 1878; he was 
president of the Senate in his second year, being the first Strafford county 
man to he tluis honored as presiding officer. In 1880 he was delegate to the 
Republican National Con\cntion at Chicago. The reader does not need to 
be informed that Mr. Buffum lived a very busy life; he was not only a very 
busy man, but a \ery able and successful one. 

Mr. BufFum's wife was Charlotte E. Stickney, daughter of .Mexander 
H. Stickney of Great Falls. They were married J^mnary 26, 1853. Their 
three sons — Edgar S., Harry A. and David H. — all grew up and became 
worthy and success ful_business men. 

Capt. Isaac Chandler was born in Windsor, Conn., September 22, 181 1. 
He received a common school education, and commenced work in a cotton 
factory at Ludlow, Mass., when he was sixteen years old. When he was 
nineteen he left there and came to Great Falls (Somersworth) in 1830 and 
engaged in covering rollers for the Cotton Manufacturing Company; his 
pay was twenty-two cents a day, and during the first year, at that, he laid 
by forty-nine dollars and seventy-six cents. He was then promoted to the 
mule-room, receiving a few cents more a day; he soon mastered that \vork 
and they set him at work mule-spinning, and he soon by far exceeded the 
efficiency of the old workmen, who tried to bluff and bother him. In 1835 
he was placed in charge of the belt and roller shop, which position he held 
for a long series of years. 

A young man who could save forty-nine dollars in a year on a salary of 
twenty-two cents a day, as he did. was sure to succeed ; that saving charac- 
teristic ruled in his financial affairs all through life. He possessed financial 
foresight which led him to make investments in Government land in the 
West as opportunity presented. He began this practice as early as 1833, 
and kept it up and received large returns on his investments. 

Notwithstanding he was connected with the mills, he found time to do 
lots of other things. He commanded a militia company four vcars and won 
his title of captain. In his mature years he was a director in the Great Falls 


National Bank; vice-president of the Somersworth Savings Bank; director 
in the Great Falls & Conway Railroad; one of the founders of the village 
library; Representative in the Legislature in 1851; for thirty years he was 
meniljer of the school committee and was a powerful force in keeping the 
schools of the town a little ahead of other towns in educational methods. 
As school committeeman he soon made up for his own lack in boyhood 
education by making himself familiar with all the text-books used in all 
grades of the schools, so far as the English language was concerned. There 
was nothing stingy about Mr. Chandler's character or habits ; he was a 
benevolent man, but he chose to be his own judge of how to spend his 
money on charity; he never turned the worthy poor away empty; on the 
contrary, he sought them out when they did not seek his aid. 

Mr. Chandler's wife was Elizabeth Downing Furber, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Alice C. Furber. They were married November 26, 1837. Their 
children were: Mary Eliza; Charles Furber; Arabella; and Albert F. The 
sons were educated in the Somersworth schools and went W^est when young 
men, where they became successful business men and useful citizens in the 
communities in which they lived. 



Rollinsford adjoins South Berwick, Me., from which it is separated by 
the Sahnon I'^alls river. Up to July 3, 1849, its territory was a part of 
Soniersworth and its history, chiefly, to that date has been given under the 
Jiead of Sonicrsworlli. Since it was incorporated as a separate town it has 
continued to flourisli and progress in a manner very creditable to its citizens. 
It has always l>een regarded as one of the best farming towns in New 
Ilanip.'-liire, and its early reputation in this respect has been maintained by 
tlic farmers of the present century; they are up to date in every farm 
improvement, i^hc R(jllinsf<ird Grange is one of their latest institutions and 
it is one of the best in the state, and none better in the county. They have 
a fine hall in which to hold their meetings, both officially and socially; in 
fact, it is the social center of all interests outside of Salmon Falls village, 
which latter is made up largely of foreign elements that work in the mills. 

The old, native Somersworth stock is as vigorous as at any time in its 
history. Many of the families on the farms can trace their ancestry back 
to the immigrant settlers of Old Dover, of which Somersworth was a parish. 
In their Grange meetings they discuss all the new (|uestions of the day and 
keep up the old traditions of historic interest. It is a pleasure to ride on the 
various good roads in the farming district and look at the elegant and 
well kept farm buildings, and gaze over the broad, smooth fields in the grow- 
ing and the harvest seasons of the year. If one wants to get a fine view of 
Rollinsford farms, the best place to get it is from the upper balcony of 
the Sawyer Memorial Observatory on Garrison Hill, the east part of which 
hill is in this town. 

When Rollinsford was incorporated in 1849, the petitioners asked tiiat 
it be so named, as the Rollins family was one of the most numerous and 
most prominent in the town. Of course, there were others equally promi- 
nent, but not so numerous. They owned large farms ; they held important 



official positions from time to time, Judges, Representatives, Senators. 
Hence the origin of the name of the town. 


Otherwise than farming, the chief industry of RoHinsford is the manu- 
facture of cotton goods at Salmon Falls village. The postoffice of the town 
is Salmon Falls, hence a great many persons take it for granted that is the 
name of the town. It is a very ancient name, dating away back to 1634, or 
earlier; it may be so far back as the founding of Dover, and was so named 
because for ages before the white men came here the salmon fish used to 
come up this river in great "schools" from the salt water of the Pascataqua 
and Newichawannock rivers to get into fresh water to lay their spawn to 
hatch a new lot of salmon annually. It was precisely the same here as it 
is now in the Columbia river and other rivers of the western United States 
and Alaska. The salmon fish kept up this annual work in springtime until 
they were shut out from getting to fresh water by dams across the fresh 
water rivers at Quamphegan Falls and Cochecho Falls after 1640. When 
the fish could not get to the fresh water they ceased coming up the salt water 
rivers and became extinct in the ^vaters along the New Hampshire and 
Maine coasts. They could not continue existence without the annual migra- 
tion to fresh water. An abundant supply was kept up for Dover fishermen 
until about 1640. So, of old, these falls in RoHinsford were called Salmon 
Falls, and the Indians had their spring fishing there for ages before the 
Englishmen built a log house on the bank of the river. 

There was a saw mill at the falls at an early period, but the water power 
was not used to any extent until the Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company 
was incorporated, June 17, 1822. The incorporators and pioneers in this 
work were James Rundlett, Jeremiah Mason, John Haven and others; the 
General Court of New Hampshire empowered them to carry on the manu- 
facture of cotton, woolen and other goods at Salmon Falls in the town of 
Somersworth. They began work by erecting a mill where No. i now stands, 
for the manufacture of woolen cloth, and ran it with varying success until 
August 7, 1834, when it was totally destroyed by fire. This stroke of bad 
luck was very discouraging to the owners, and the political situation at 
Washington rendered it uncertain what prospect of success there might be 
if they rebuilt the burned walls, but two years later, August 26, 1836, the 
stockholders held a meeting and voted to rebuild ; after the building was 
erected there was a difference of opinion among the managers as to what 
they should mianufacture, woolen cloth, as fonnerly, or cotton cloth; this 


disagreement blocked all progress until 1844, when a number of Boston 
capitalists got hold of a controlling interest in the property of the corpora- 
tion; among these enterprising men were A!>bult Lawrence, Amos Law- 
rence, William A])pleton and others who had l)ecome interested in the manu- 
facture of cotton goods in other sections of New England. They put in 
the best machinery that could be bought in lingland and in due time had 
the mil! manufacturing hea\y cotton drillings and sheetings. The \enture 
l)roved a success, to such a degree that four years later, in 1848, they built 
another mill of sixteen thousand spindles, anil they increased their capital 
stock from $500,000 to $1,000,000. This Xo. 2 mill was 3O0 feet long, 60 
feet wide and five stories high. The business prospered up to the beginning 
of the Civil war. A large village had grown up in Rollinsford, which 
changed the conditions of the town, socially and financially. A new class 
of people had come in. Of course, during the war, when cotton w'as scarce 
and high priced, the mills could not do much. 

July 8, 1864, the company sustained a heavy loss by the total destruction 
by fire, of No. i mill, agent's house, machine shop, cloth room and other 
property. In the spring of 1865, when the managers saw the end of the 
war was near, and they could be assured of a good supply of cotton, they 
commenced to rebuild No. i mill in larger proi)ortions, and put uj) brick 
wall three hundred and sixty-three feet long, lifty feet wide and five stories 
high, in which they installed i5,ocxi spindles, and business began to I)oom, 
and has been kept generalh^ good ever since. They had been so prosperous 
that in 1876. by judicious alterations and improvements, the number of 
spindles was increased from 31,000 to 54,304. In connection witJi the mills 
they have a large picker house, a machine shop and a cloth room and a cotton 
house. Various improvements have been made since 1876, old machinery 
being displaced for that which is up to date in doing rapid and economical 
as well as first class work in cotton manufacture. 

The company not only built the mills, but they practically built the 
village around it. They put up good houses for their help to live in ; they 
laid out streets, and lent a helping hand to the tow n in various ways. All 
this was in the line of progress, but it reduced the prosi:)erous village of Old 
Somersworth, at Rollinsford Junction, to a hamlet of prosperous fanners, 
and brought to an end the Parish of Summersworth, that was full of good 
works of worthy, high-minded, industrious men and women. The old 
church at the junction gave place to the new Congregational Church, which 
was organized May i. 1846, with Mr. Samuel J. Spalding as pastor, which 
has done good work ever since. Mr. Spalding served as minister to June 9, 
1851; among his successors are E. E. Atwater, 1852-1857: D. B. Bradford, 


1858-1862; S. F. Robie, 1866-1870; Selah Merrill, 1S70-1874; George W. 
Christie, 1878-1880; R. G. Woodbridge, 1880-1890. 

The Protestant Episcopal Church started in holding services in the vil- 
lage in 1830 under the supervision of the Rev. Henry Blackaller, who was 
then preaching at Great Falls. Services continued to be held in halls there, 
from time to time, until "Christ Church" was organized in P'ebruary, 183 1; 
their church edifice was dedicated July 24. Services were held quite regu- 
larly up to 1846, since when there have been very few services, at irregular 
intervals, owing to a change in the class of population. 

A Methodist Episcopal Society was organized in the \illage in August, 
1849, with twenty-four members and the following board of stewards: 
Thomas Foye, J. W. \\'orster, Foster Wilson, Orange Page, Amasa Fitch, 
X. G. Clary and R. C. Fernald. The society never erected a meeting house, 
but held services in halls, and the Episcopal Church when not in use until 
1862, when the war had so prostrated business that the supply of the pulpit 
could not be maintained. Since then a union was established with the Con- 
gregational Church. Among those who served as pastors were Reverends 
Henry Drew, James Thurston, Samuel Budle, Byron Mark, Silas Green, 
Fliazer Smith, Simeon P. Heath and J. B. Holman. 

The Roman Catholics erected an edifice for worship in 1857, near the 
present passenger station in the Salmon Falls village. The cost of the large 
brick building was about ten thousand dollars; the membership then was 
about six hundred. The first priest was the Rev. Michael Lucy, who served 
until 1865. He had under his charge also the Catholics at Great Falls, hold- 
ing services at both places each Sunday. He was succeeded by the Rev. 
Patrick Canovan, who was the priest over the church until 1870. His suc- 
cessor was the Rev. John Sullivan; next was Rev. William Herbert, whose 
successor was the Rev. Francis X. Bouvier, who was followed by able priests 
to the present day. 

The Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company has had very able men for 
agents to manage its mills. Their names are as follows: James Rundlett 
from November 21, 1822, to July 14, 1823; Ebenezer Ball from August 21, 
1823, to January i, 1825 ; Joshua W. Pierce from January i, 1825, to May 
14, 1844; Pliny Lawton from May 14, 1844, to July 14, 1854; Vamum A. 
Shedd from July 14, 1854, to April 2, 1859; Joshua Converse from April 20, 
1859, to July 15. 1875; O. S. Brown from July 31, 1875, until his death in 
1904. His successors were Charles H. Plumer, one year; J. P. Lewis, eight 
years ; present agent, L. W. Omaley. The results of the management by 
these men were highly creditable to them and satisfactory to the stockholders, 


who have received good dividends during the larger pari ul llie years the 
company has been in existence. 


The Soniersworlh Machine Company has a foundry and machine shop 
about one-third of a mile down the river from the factory mills. This was 
estabhshed at an early period after the mills were in running order and 
suppliecl a long felt want, not only for the mills but also for all the business 
interests of Strafford county, as also of York county, Maine. For many 
years past it has Ijeen under the very efficient management of Edwin A. 
Stevens, Esq. About seventy-five men are employed and all sorts of castings 
are made, as business of the community may demand. F'or many years the 
manufacture of sto\'es was a specialty. 


There are two banks in the \ illage, the Salmun I'alls State I'ank, and 
the Rollinsford Sa\ings Dank. The former was incorporated as a state 
bank July 3, 185 1, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars, divided into five 
hundred shares of one hundred dollars each. The first meeting was held 
September 15, 185 1. William H. Morton was chosen cashier and held the 
ofifice continuously, until his death in 1898. His successor, who had been 
assistant cashier for a number of years, was John O. A. Wentworth, who 
has held ihe ofiice contimiously to the present time. The bank commenced 
operation on the first day of January, 1852, and it has always been conducted 
in a sound and successful manner. The directors first chosen were : Hiram 
R. Roberts, Augustus Rollins Pliney Lavvton Samuel Hiedden, John Tyler, 
Humphrey S. A\'atson and Oliver Lord. Mr. Roberts was elected president 
and held the office until his death in 1876. He \vas succeeded by his son, 
Joseph Doe Roberts, who holds the office at the present time. 

The Rollinsford Savings Bank was incorporated l)y the Xew Hampshire 
legislature in 1850, one year after the town was incorporated, and it com- 
menced operations soon after it was incorporated. The officers chosen by 
the incorporators were : President, Hiram R. Roberts ; vice-presidents, 
Joseph Doe and IMincy Law ton ; trustees, Francis Plumer, William H. Mor- 
ton, John Woodman, Horace Barber, Robert C. Femald and Charles T. 
Stewart; secretary and treasurer, Justus D. Watson. In 1855 William H. 
Morton was chosen .secretary and treasurer, which offices he held until his 
death in 1903. His successor was John Q. A. Wentwortli, who has held 


the offices to the present time. On the death of President Hiram R. Roberts 
in 1876, j\lr. Edwin A. Stevens was elected his successor, which office he 
holds at the present time. 

On July I. 1855. the deposits were $70,463; in July, 1877, the amount 
had increased to above $800,000. In the winter of 1877-78 there occurred 
a large depreciation of the resources of savings banks in general throughout 
New England, owing to the failure of western securities: Rollinsford bank 
suffered with the rest, hence tlie bank commissioners ordered the deposits 
of the bank to be cut down 25 per cent, wliich was done. But in a few years 
the affairs of the bank w ere managed so well that the cut down was restored 
to the depositors. Since then the bank has continued to prosper; the amount 
of its deposits at the present time is more than $734,539.04. 


The Boston & Maine Railroad has about four miles of road in Rollins- 
ford, from the Dover line at Garrison Hill to the east shore of the Salmon 
Falls river. It is doijble tracked and in every way in first class condition. 
There are two stations, one at Salmon Falls village, the other at Rollinsford 
Junction, where for a great many years was the center of business in Old 
Somersworth. At Rollinsford station is a branch track of about two miles 
and a half to Great Falls, the center of the city of Somersworth. where it 
connects with the Great Falls & Conw-ay Railway for all northern points in 
New Hampshire. This latter road has about one mile of track in Rollins- 
ford, connecting with the eastern branch of the Boston & Maine at Conway 
Junction in Eliot. Maine. This road connects with the Portland & Ogdens- 
burg road at North Conway. In the touring season of each year there is an 
immense amount of travel through this town to the \\'hite Mountain region. 
The branch road from Somersworth gives the citizens of that city ample 
connection with all points south and west. 




Although Rollinsford is a small town, and at the beginning of the Civil 
war in 1861 its total population was a little over 2,000 inhabitants, of whom 
752 were males, men and boys, it did valiant service for the Union cause, 
as the following list of soldiers it furnished clearly shows. The following is 
a list of the men nnistcred into the United States service uniler the call of 
July 2, 1862, and subsequent calls, and assigned to the cpiota of Rollinsford, 
and to whom the town paid bounties, and was reimbursed in part by the 
amount affixed to each name, as awarded by the commissioners for the 
reimbursement of municipal war expenditures, appointed by the Legislature 
under the act of July, 1870 and 1871. 

The commissioners took no cognizance of men who enlisted and were 
mustered in previous to the said call of July 2, 1862.* 

John D. Mahony, Co. A. 4th Regt. ; Feb. 10, 1864; re-enlisted. 

Charles E. Colcord, Co. C, 4th Regt.: Feb. 17. 1864; re-enlisted. 

Daniel Murray, Co. K, 5th Regt. ; Dec. 7, 1863. 

August L. Litclifield. Co. 1", 7th Regt.; Feb. 28, 1864; re-enlisted. 

Patrick H. Maguire, Co. F, 7th Regt.; Feb. 29, 1864; re-enlisted. 

Peter W. Morandy, Co. F. 7th Regt.; Feb. 29, 1864; rc-cnlisted. 

\\'ebster Miller, Co. F. 7th Regt.; Feb. 29. 1864; re-enlisted. 

Thomas Ford, Co. F, 7th Regt.; Feb. 29. 1864; re-enlisted. 

James Murphy, Co. I, 7th Regt.; Feb. 28, 1864; re-enlisted. 

Enoch Tehbets, Co. C. 9th Regt. ; Dec. 7, 1863. 

.\lbert H. Perkins. Co. C. 9th Regt. ; Dec. 8, 1863. 

Albanois Worster, Co. C. 9th Regt.; Dec. 8, 1863. 

Michael Hogan, Co. F, roth Regt.; Sept. 16. 1862. 

James O'Brien, Co. F, loth Regt.; Sept. 16, 1862. 

John Liddon, Co. F. loth Regt.; Sept. 16, 1862. 

John Handlin, Co. F, loth Regt.; Sept. 16. 1862. 

Patrick Croger, Co. I. loth Regt.; Aug. 20, 1862. 



Henry Downing, Co. I, loth Regt. ; Aug. 4, 1862. 
Charles W. Abbott, Co. E, loth Regt.; Sept. i, 1862. 
James Coulter, Co. I, loth Regt.; Aug. 23, 1862. 
Henry Redan, Co. B, nth Regt.; Dec. 18, 1863. 
Frank Davis, Co. B, nth Regt.; July 29, 1864. 
James McCluney, Co. D, 12th Regt.; Dec. 11, 1863. 
Thomas O'Brien, Co. D, 12th Regt.; Dec. 11, 1863. 
Thomas Kingley, Co. D, 12th Regt.; Dec. 11, 1863. 
Benjamin Williams, Co. D, 12th Regt.; Dec. 11, 1863. 
Thomas Douley, Co. D, 12th Regt.; Dec. 11, 1863. 
William Davis, Co. D, 12th Regt.; Dec. 11, 1863. 
Alonzo E. Curtis, Co. D, 9th Regt.; July 30, 1864. 
James Dorrity, Co. D, 9th Regt.; July 30, 1864. 
Edward Flannigan, Co. D, 9th Regt. ; July 30, 1864. 
James Thompson. Co. D, 9th Regt. ; July 30, 1864. 
George B. Brown, Co. D, 9th Regt.; July 26, 1864. 
Joseph Went worth, Co. D, 9th Regt.; July 26, 1864. 
Michael McLaughlin, Co. D, 9th Regt. ; July 28, 1864. 
James M. Thompson, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
George F. Shedd, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
James M. Pierce, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Levi J. Bradley, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
John M. Dore, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
N. B. Chapman, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
William H. Sythes, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Albion K. B. Shaw, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
William H. Aspinwall, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Charles B. Averill, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Ira A. Bedell, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18. 1862. 
David W. Bodge, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Richard Doherty, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
John Drew, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
John A. Dawson, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Franklin Grant, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Charles E. Hartford, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
James O. Hanscom, Co. B. 13th Regt.; Sept. 18. 1862. 
John Hanscom, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862. 
James F. Hayes, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
David Hodgdon, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Albion A. Lord, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 


William E. Lord, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862. 
John McKinsey, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
David McGroty, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Charles H. C. Otis, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
William C. Powers, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
John Pendham, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Smith C. Page, Co. H. 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
William H. Peckham, Co. !'.. i3tli Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Orrin Rollins, Co. P.. nth Kegt. ; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Orenzo Rollins, Co. P., 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Reul>en Randall, Co. B. 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
William F. Staples, Co, B, 13th Regt.; Sept. i8, 1862. 
Charles B. Saunders, Co. P.. 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Alljert C. Thompson, Co ]'., 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Henry C. Willard, Co. P,. 13th Regt.; Sept. 18. 1862. 
Horatio H. Warren, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Joseph Wiggin. Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Thomas Wentworth, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862. 
Elisha E. Dodge, capt. Co. B, 13th Regt.; Se])t i^j, 1862 
Frank J. Courson, Co. B, 1st Cav. ; March 28, 1864. 
Joseph H. Currier, Co. P., ist Cav.; March 25, 1864. 
James McGregor, Co. B, ist Cav.; March 26, 1864. 
Nelson C. Eastman, Co. B, ist Cav.; March 26, 1864. 
John S. Powers, Co. B, ist Cav.; March 28, 1864. 
George A. Webster, Co. I, ist Cav.; March 23, 1864. 
George H. Steele, Co. K, ist Cav.; March 18, 1864. 
Luke R. Russell. Co. G. H. Art.; Sept. 4, 1864. 
Gilman Knight, Co. G. H. .\rt. ; Sept. 4, 1864. 
John H. Sanbern, V. R. C. ; Dec. 17, 1863. 
Charles N. Adams, I'. S. .\.; Feb. 9. 1864. 
Frank .Stanley. .Aug 9. 1864. 
Richard Stanley, Aug. 9, 1864. 
William Dorman, Aug. 21, 1864. 
Charles Kermin, Aug. 2, 1864. 
George Williams, Aug. 2, 1864. 
William L. Lane, Aug. 2, 1864. 
Amos W. Pike, Aug. 2. i8('u; substitute. 
John O'Xeil, Aug. 17, 1864. 
James Sharracks, Sept. 8. 1864. 
Henry Hemp, Sept. 8, 1864. 



Frank S. Mildraw, Sept. 6, 1864. 

Pierce B. Buckley, Sept. 6, 1864. 

Lewis Ceroid, Sept. 6, 1864. 

Thomas Alorrity, Sept. 7, 1864. 

Michael Aledden, Sept. 7, 1864. 

Robert Carr, Sept. 7, 1864. 

William Williams, Sept. 17, 1863. 

Charles Smith, July 3, 1863. 

Henry B. Philpot, Aug. 15, 1864. 

John Drury, .\ug. 10, 1864. 

Thomas Kearns, Aug. 12, 1864. 

George W. Brooks, September, 1863. 

Patrick O'Crady, September, 1863. 

C. J. Collager, September, 1863. 

Richard Proctor, September, 1863. 

Alexander G. Anderson, September, 1863. 

John Shepard. September, 1863. 

Samuel H. Rollins, May 5, 1863; substitute. 

Men who served four years i $ 133-34 

Men who ser\ed three years 108 io,8cx).oo 

Men who served one year 6 200.00 

Men who served two months i 5.55 

Total , $11,138.89 


George Guppey, ist sergt. Co. A. 
Minot R. Bedell, Co. A. 
George Boucher, Co. A. 
Charles E. Colcord, Co. A. 
James Daniels, Co. A. 
Webster Aliller, Co. A. 
Henry Nichols, Co. A. 
Ivory Pray, Co. A. 
George H. Robinson, Co. A. 

George R. Shapleigh, Co. A. 
Josiah Whitehouse, Co. A. 
George H. Jenkins, corp. Co. B. 
George R. Downing, Co. B. 
Jones Reynolds, Co. B. 
Jacob W. Ycaton, Co. B. 
Lewis K. Litchfield, corp. Co. B. 
William Yeaton, Co. B. 



In the Rollinsford part of Old Somersu ortli lived a good number of 
notable persons whose record is given under the head of that city, but 
Rollinsford, since it jjccanie a separate town, has kept up the reputation that 
was established in former years. Among the numl>er are the following: 

Bartholomezv IV enttcorth , born January 7, 17S8, lived and died on an 
estate which was granted to his great-great-grandfather. Elder William 
Wentworth. December, 1652, and on which he lived and where he dietl and 
was buried, when past four-score years of age, March 16, 1696-7, the 
eighty-first anni\ersary of the day of his baptism. Harlholomew was the 
twelfth child and seventh son of a family of fourteen children, ten of whom 
arrived to maturity. He was a son of Bartholomew and Ruth (Hall) Went- 
worth; grandson of Lieut. Benjamin and Del>orah (Stimpson) Wentworth; 
great-grandson of Benjamin and Sarah (Allen) Wentworth, who was the 
youngest son of Elder William Wentworth, and all of these, in succession, 
lived on the elder's homestead of 1652, and which yet remains in possession 
of Bartholomew's grandson. John Wentworth. 

Bartholomew Wentworth, Sr., died May 25, 1813. and his wife died 
in January, 1840. She was a descendant of Deacon John Hall of Dover, 
who came from England about 1639. He was a man of prominence in the 
settlement on Dover Neck, and for forty years was deacon of the b'irst 
Church in Dover. 

Bartholomew Wentworth, Jr., on July 28, 181 1, was united in marriage 
with Nancy Hall, daughter of Capt. William and Sarah (Roberts) Hall. 
Their children : Arioch. born June 13, 1813: Catherine, Iioru .April 28. 1815; 
Ruth, boni April 25. 1818; Sally, born December 12. 1822; William Hall, 
bom March 30. 1824; Rebecca Ann. born .March 2, 1826; Seleucus, born 
March 3, 1831. .Ml these are dead; the last survivor was Rebecca .\un, 
who died in 1910. One of this group of children has a remarkable record. 
Arioch Wentworth, bom in 1813; died in lioston, 1904, a multi-millionaire. 



He was educated in the schools of Dover and Franklin Academy; learned the 
trade of marble cutter; commenced work at his trade in Boston when a 
young man; saved his earnings and became boss of the marble establishment 
in whicii he commenced as a day laljorer ; enlarged the works, doing an 
immense business; invested his surplus earnings in real estate in Boston; 
by shrewd, careful and honest business management he had become pos- 
sessed of several million dollars' worth of property when he was past four 
score years of age. He lived to be past ninety-one years. He founded the 
Wentworth Home for the Aged, near Garrison Hill, Dover, and endowed it 
with $200,000. He founded the Wentworth Hospital, in Dover, close by 
the Wentworth Home, giving the city of Dover, for that purpose, $100,000. 
All this in his life time; and by will he founded a workingmen's college in 
Boston, endowing it with several million dollars, which is now in fine work- 
ing order and is doing a vast amount of good in training experts in all 
departments of mechanics. 

Bartholomew Wentworth, Jr., was a man tall of stature, powerfully 
muscular, keen of mind, a great worker. Being a giant in strength, he was 
never weary until old age bade him cease from active labor. He was a good 
father, worthy citizen and esteemed by all who knew him. 

Judge Hiram R. Roberts, born May 16, 1806, in Somersworth, now 
Rollinsford; son of Stephen and Deborah (Wentworth) Roberts, and grand- 
son of John and Elizabeth (Hodgdon) Roberts, who was a great-grandson 
of Gov. Thomas Roberts of the Dover Combination of 1640, at Dover Neck. 
Judge Roberts was educated in the public schools of Somersworth and at 
South Berwick Academy; when a young man he taught district schools in 
the winter. His fatiier died when the son was fifteen years old. He inherited 
the Roberts homestead in Somersworth, no\v Rollinsford, which was first 
settled on by his great-grandfather, Roberts, in 1743, and has now been in 
the Roberts family 170 years, the present owner being his youngest son, 
Hon. Joseph D. Roberts, of whom a sketch is given elsewhere in this book. 
Judge Roberts was an Andrew Jackson democrat, but lie never let politics 
interfere with business. ,He was not a lawyer by profession, yet he was a 
wise and esteemed judge for many years. He was above all a first class, 
progressive fanner and a Christian gentleman, in every way a credit to his 
town and a helpful neighljor. 

Judge Roberts was an excellent farmer, but he was more noted as a leader 
of the Democratic party in Straft'ord county ; he led. others followed. He 
was one of the first selectmen of Rollinsford : he was its Representative in 
the Legislature several times, first in 1837; in 1839, when he was thirty- 
three years old. Governor Page appointed him Associate Judge of the Court 


of Coiiiiuun I'leas for Strafford count}-, whicli ilien iiK-huled Uelknap and 
Carroll counties. He held this office thirteen years, performing the duties in 
a manner satisfactory to those who had anything to do with the courts. He 
resigneil in 1852 and Gov. Noah Martin of Dover appointed him Judge of 
Probate for Strafford county, which pusiticm he tilled with credit to himself 
and the .satisfaction of all who transacted probate business. He served in 
this capacity five years, and then resigned. The great political battle of his 
life was in 1875, when he was the Democratic candidate for (ii»\ernor. He 
condiK'lec! a red hot campaign and ^a\e the Republican leaders a race they 
found it ditiicult to keej) up with. His opponent was 1'. C. Cheney, who 
received less than two hundred more votes than Mr. Roberts. There was no 
election bv the people, so the question was decitled in favor of .Mr. L'heney 
b\' the Legislature, which was controlled by the Reiiublican part\-. 

Judge Roberts was one of the incorporators of the Salmon b'alls |]ank 
and the Rollins ford Savings Bank and was their president fr<;m the date of 
organization until his death. May 30, 1876. He was a good financier and 
his judgment in matters of business was an important factor in the success 
of those institutions w hile he was in ofiicc. 

For more than forty years he was a member of the Uaptist Church at 
South Berwick, and for man\- years was superintendent of the Sunday 
school. For several years he was superintendent committee for the public 
schools of the town and always took a keen interest in promoting iKjpular 
education among all classes. 

His wife was Ruth Ham, daughter of John and Mercy (Wentworth) 
Ham of Dover; they were married in November, 183 1; they were cousins. 
Their children were: Stephen; F.lizabeth; Edward H. ; Walter S. H. and 
Frank W'.. who settled in Towa when \oung men; Susan J., who married 
Samuel H. Rollins; and Joseph Doe, who inherited the homestead, a biograph- 
ical sketch of whom appears in another part of this book. 

.-iiiynstus Rollins was born August 29, 1797; he was son of Capt. 
Hiram and Joanna (Wentworth) Rollins. He lived on the farm north of 
Garrison Hill, opjiosite the Senator Rollins farm. He held various town 
offices and represented Rollinsford in the Legislature, but he was not a jjoli- 
tician; on the other hand, he was one of the best farmers in the town and kept 
his farm and buildings in first class condition. He belie\ed in higher educa- 
tion for his children and gave all the best ad\'antages for obtaining it that the 
times afforded. His eldest son, Samuel Winkley Rollins, was graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1846 and was one of New Hampshire's noted lawyers 
and jurists, who resided at Meredith village. For many years he was Judge 
of Probate for Belknap county. Mr. Rollins' youngest son, Augustus W. 


Rollins, entered the service of the Union army, in the Ci\il war, November 
7, 1861, as captain of Company F, Se\enth New Hampshire Regiment; he 
was promoted to major July 2^, 1863: to lieutenant-colonel September 30, 
1864; and for his skill and bravery as a commander at the storming of Fort 
Fisher was breveted colonel March 13, 1865; and later was appointed colonel 
of the New Hampshire Second Regiment, which office he held at the time of 
his death, February 16, 1870. The father of these two worthy sons, Augustus 
Rollins, did not go to the war him.-elf, l)ut he was a Republican in politics 
and contriliuted liberally of his time and money in support of "the boys at 
the front." He was one of tiie most acti\'e and influential citizens of Rollins- 

Air. Rollins married, 24th of May, 1824, Miss Abiah W'inkley. of Har- 
rington ; their children were: .Samuel W'inkley; Oliver E. ; Augustus AN'. ; 
Mary Ellen and Lydia Hale. 

U'illiaiii H. Morton was born at Portsmouth. I'ebruary 14. 1814: died 
June 4, 1903; he was son of William and Sarah (Griffith) Morton; his 
parents removed to Salmon Falls in 1823, when the son was nine years old, 
and that became his home until his death in 1898. He was educated in South 
Berwick Academj', in which he had the record of being a good student, and 
he was amply fitted for success in his future career. 

When he was sixteen years old lie entered the employ of the Salmon Falls 
Manufacturing Company to learn the business; he began as a wool sorter at 
which he worked four years and became master of that department of the 
work. In 1834 the mills were destroyed by fire and he went to Grafton, 
Mass., and worked in a woolen mill there for two years. He then engaged 
in mercantile business in the same town. When he was twenty-eight years 
old, 1842, he went to Blackstone, Mass., and continued in trade as at Grafton. 
In 1845 he returned to Salmon Falls and opened a store for general trade, 
in which he continued until elected cashier of the Salmon Falls Bank in 185 1 ; 
he then disposed of his store and devoted all his time to banking. When the 
.savings bank was organized he was elected secretary and treasurer; all of 
these offices he held up to the time of his death, June 4. 1903. He proved to 
be one of the best banking officials in New Hampshire, as the records of the 
bank show, and was vigorous up to his eighty-ninth year. 

Mr. Morton was not only a good banker, but a good citizen in every w ay. 
He was town treasurer for RoUinsford from organization in 1849; town 
clerk from 1853; both of which offices he held for life; his townsmen had 
such confidence in him they did not want any one else as long as Mr. Morton 
could sen-e them. Before the towns were separated he was one of the select- 
men of Somersworth two vears; and for RoUinsford he was selectman three 


years. He was a republican in pulitics after that party displaced tlie old 
whig party. He was a Congregationalist and w as a liberal supporter of that 
church in the Salmon P'alls village. Rollinsford had no better or more highly 
esteemeil citizen. 

Mr. Morton was thrice married; (i) in 1841 to Sarah P. Merriam, of 
Grafton, Mass. ; they had tiiree children, only one of whom survi\es, Etta, 
widow of John Merriam. Mrs. Merriam died in 1849. (2) He married 
Armine Leavitt, of York, Me., in 1851; children: Frederick H., deceased; 
William A., a merchant in Portland, Me.; and Sara J., a highly educated and 
most competent woman for all good, patriotic work that may fall to her lot to 
do. She is one of the leaders in Margery Sullivan Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution, and has been one of the managers of the Wentworth 
Home for the Aged, since its organization in 1898. Her mother died in 1866 
and Mr. Morton took for his third wife Miss Mary Shackford, of Ports- 
mouth, in 1867. 

Joshua Coiic'crsc was born June 15, 1813. in Ringe, X. H. ; died in Rol- 
linsford, .\pril 4, 1891. He was son of Joshua and Polly ( Pii>er) Converse. 
He was given a good common school education by his parents and then set to 
work in one of the cotton mills of Lowell. Mass. He was an apt pupil in the 
business and worked his way up <|uile rapidly antl for several years before 
he was forty he became superintendent for the Suffolk Manufacturing Cor- 
poration in that city. In 1859 he was ai)poiuted agent for the management 
of the mills at Salmon Falls and removed from Lowell to that village ; in this 
position Mr. Converse was eminently successful. 

While a resident of Lowell, he took a hand in public affairs as well as in 
the manufacture of cotton goods. He began as member of the common 
council, of the city government: he served the customary two years and then 
was promoted to alderman and ser\cd two years. His record as a city oflicial 
was clean-handed, high-minded and efficient. There was no "graft" permitted 
in any dejiartment he controlled. Xext he ser\ed two years as Representative 
in the Massachusetts Legislature. He was director and subsequent president 
of the Travelers' and Mechanics' Insurance Company; a director of the 
Prescott Piank, and a trustee of the Lowell I'^ive Cent Savings Bank, from 
the organization of these institutions until he removed to Salmon Falls. 
While he was agent of the mills in that village he was director in the Salmon 
Falls Bank, and vice president of the Rollinsford Savings Bank. In his 
management of the mills and in the i>erformance of his official duties in con- 
nection w ith the banks, Mr. Converse manifested great ability and integrity 
and held the unrpialified respect of his associates. 

In 1875 ^^''- Converse purchased a tract of land on the eastern slope of 


Garrison Hill, in Rollinsford, on wiiich lie built a beautiful and commodious 
dwelling from the windows of which can be seen a very fine view of the 
city of Dover and the surrounding country. He removed from Salmon 
Falls village to this elegant residence. He purchased a wharf on the Cochecho 
river at Dover Landing, and put it in good shape to engage in the lumber 
business, shipping his lumber from Maine and the British Provinces. At 
first he conducted the business alone; the business venture prospered and he 
took in company Charles C. Hobbs ; the firm name for a number of years 
was Converse & Hobbs. Later Mr. Hobbs retired and Mr. Converse took 
as his partner Mr. Marshall B. Hammond in 1883, and the firm name became 
Converse & Hammond. This partnership continued until severed by the 
death of Air. Converse. April 4, 1891. He left the business in a flourish- 
ing condition, and at the age of seventy-eight years ended a long, active 
and honorable career. After he engaged in the lumber business he was elected 
Representative from Rollinsford in the State Legislature in 1877 and 1878. 
He was a staunch Republican. 

October 18, 1835, Mr. Converse was united in marriage with Jane B. 
Damon, daughter of Galen and Jane (Barker) Damon. Children: William 
Henry, Josephine and Mary Jane; the son and oldest daughter died young; 
the other daughter became the wife of James A. Place, of South Berwick, Me. 
Mrs. Converse died March 4, 1868, and August 30, 1870, he married 
H. Jennie Dearborn, daughter of Joseph and Harriet (Drew) Dearborn. 
They had no children. 

li'illiatn Roberts Garinn was born March 15, 1830, in what is now Rol- 
linsford; died May 16, 19 10: son of Samuel and Susan (Roberts) Garvin, 
a great-grandson of the immigrant ancestor, James Garvin, who settled in 
the "Sligo" section of the town about 1700. Mr. Garvin was educated in the 
common schools of Somersworth and Berwick Academy. When he had 
completed his academy education he engaged in school teaching several 
winters and was successful in the work, keeping the big boys under control 
and thoroughly instructing in the use of the "three R's." But Mr. Garvin's 
chief ambition was to be equal if not a little ahead of the best farmer in town 
or county. For this reason he soon became an active member of the first 
agricultural society that was organized in the county of Strafford and ga\-e 
it his earnest support. From discussions in the meetings of the society he 
became the leader in improving the stock of his farm and the whole town; 
later he won fame and many premiums at cattle fairs by his successful breed- 
ing of the celebrated Ayreshire cattle. Mr. Garvin was systematic, energetic 
and progressive in the management of his excellent farm and splendid stock. 


He stood in the front rank of guoi] faruiurs in thai hcst of farming towns 
in tlie state. 

Being a i^eniocral in [jolitics lie \\a> not alwaxs success fnl in his political 
ventures, hut his townsmen honored themselves by electing him to local offices, 
selectman, school committee, road surveyor, etc., and he was once the Demo- 
cratic candiilate for county commissioner, hut tailed of election after making 
a very strong canxass. 

.Mr. ( iarvin was a member of the llaplist L'hurch of South lierwiek. and 
was an active worker in its Sabbath school, holding offici;d positions and 
lending a helping hand in the church work in e\ory way. 

.Mr. Garvin was united in marriage with Frances H. Yeaton, of Rt^llins- 
ford, .\pril _', 1862; they had a family of seven children, three sons and four 
daughters: .\nnie Bertha: Clara W. : William f-Joberts: Susie Homer: 
Gertrude and Samuel R. 

John E. Tyler, M. D., was born in Boston. December 9, 1819; died in 
.\pril. 1878; graduated from Dartmouth College in 1841 : then engaged in 
teaching in Rhode Island a few \ears: studied medicine at Dartmouth Med- 
ical School and medical department of the l'ni\ersity of Pennsylvania, from 
which he received his diploma in 184C). He then came to Salmon b'alls and 
began practice of his profession, in which he was very successful; he 
remained here until his appointjnent, October 5, 1852, superintendent of the 
New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane. He held this office successfully 
until 1858, when he resigned to accept the position of superintendent of the 
McLean Asylum for Insane, which imix)rtant position he held until he 
resigned on account of ill health in 1871. He then travelled in lun\)pe for 
quite a while. He died in 1878. 

Doctor Tyler was a gentleman of marked ability; he not only stood high 
in the ranks of his ])rofession, but he ix>ssessed good Inisiness cai)acity in 
other ways. When Rollins ford was separated from Somersworth in 1849, 
and held its first state election in March. 1S50. Doctor Tyler was electetl its 
first Representative in the Legislature. He was one of the directors of Salmon 
Falls State Bank. 

John G. Pike, M. P.. was born in Somersworth. August 17. 1817: died 
in Dover, 1907, aged ninety years. He was son of Nathaniel (i. I'ike, grand- 
son of John and great-grandson of the Rev. John I'ike, first minister of the 
Parish of Summersworth. He was fitted for college at Berwick Academy, 
from which he entered Bowdoin College and was graduated from that insti- 
tution in 1843. He studied medicine with Dr. Theodore Jewett of South 
Benvick and was graduated from Bowdoin Medical College in 1847. He 
commenced practice of medicine that \-ear in I^urham village. In 1848 he 



removed his office to Salmon Falls village, where he continued in practice of 
his profession twenty years. Dr. Pike then sought a wider field of work and 
opened an office in Boston in 1868, where he continued in successful practice 
imtil 1 87 1, when he remo\'ed to Dover, N. H., where he resided until his 
death in 1907, at ninet}' years of age. Doctor Pike was a large man. physic- 
ally, and had a commanding presence, and ranked well up in his profession. 
He remained in practice until past four score years. During the last decade 
of his life he was blind, Imt liis mind was as keen and active as in his younger 

Jonathan S. Ross. M. D., was born in Lisbon. N. H., April 12, 1822; died 
in Concord, 1877. He fitted for college at Holmes Academy, Plymouth, and 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1843. He studied medicine in Dart- 
mouth Medical School, and in the Medical College of the University of 
Pennsylvania, from which he was graduated with the degree of M. D. in 
1846. He commenced practice in Boston, but went to Bath, N. H., and 
opened an office in November, 1846, where he remained until the fall of 1852, 
when he came to Rollinsford and opened an office in Salmon Falls village 
and practiced his profession three years. He then opened an office in Som- 
ersworth at Great Falls village and was in practice there twenty-two years. 
He died November 22, 1877. He was Representative from Rollinsford in 
1855. in the State Legislature. August 14, 1862, he was appointed surgeon 
for tile Elex^enth New Hampshire Regiment of Volunteer Infantry. He 
served in the army continuously until the fall of 1864, when his health failed, 
and he was discharged December 7, 1864. While in the amiy he was pro- 
moted to surgeon of Second Brigade, Second Division, Ninth Army Corps, 
Gen. .S. G. Griffin. In 1865 he was appointed post-surgeon and stationed at 
Concord, and served to the close of the war, when he returned to his home 
in Somersworth. Doctor Ross was an excellent surgeon and a highly 
esteemed gentleman. 

Edzi'in D. Jaqucs, M. D., was born in Machias, ]\Ie., March 9, 1841 : he 
graduated from W'esleyan Seminary. Kent's Hill. Me., and studied medicine 
in Bowdoin ^ledical College, from w hich he received his degree of M. D. in 
June, 1869. After one year in practice at Norway, Me., he came to Rollins- 
ford and opened an office in Salmon Falls village and continued in successful 
practice until June, 1872. The next two years he was engaged in hospital 
work in Boston, and the experience he obtained was of great value to him 
in his later career. In the fall of 1874 he opened an office in South Berwick, 
I\Ie., and has practiced his profession continuously to the present time. 
Besides being a good physician and surgeon, he is one of the honored citizens 
of that town. 



From 1633 to 1732. May 15. when it was incorporated as the town of 
Durham, the territory was a part of Dover, and was i<nown and called 
"Oyster River in Dover." An act of the Provincial Assembly made it the 
"Parish of Oyster River in Dover," May 4, 1716. L'p to that time there had 
been separate ministerial services in that section from 1655. The first settle- 
ments in the Ovster River i)arish had been commenced before 1640. As soon 
as the settlement on Dover Xeck got well started the enterprising pioneers 
searched for good spots to locate along the banks of all the rivers; one of these 
was Durham Point: from there the settlements gradually crept up the river, 
on both banks, to the falls. "Oyster River freshet." Hill, Smith, Mathes, 
Meader. Hunker. P.urnham, Williams, Bickford, Edgerly, Woodman, Jones, 
Davis. Chesley, Pitman, Tasker, Jenkins, Durgin, Cretchett, Doe, Willy, 
Demerett. Jack.son, are among the names of the earliest settlers, and descend- 
ants of these are dwellers in that good old town today. 

It was the common law of the town that all grown i^ersons must attend 
church on the Lord's Day. They did not call it Sunday or Sabbath. The 
meeting-house was on Meeting-house Hill, Dover Neck. It was cpiite a dis- 
tance for the Oyster River farmers to travel in their Ijoats to the Cove on 
Back river and climb the hill, going by "Deacon Hall's Spring," to the meet- 
ing-house and get there before Richard Pinkham finished "beating the drum," 
as a warning for all to attend. Being a tedious morning journey, soon after 
1650 the}' began to petition for the town to provide a special service to l>e 
held at Durham Point, for the convenience of all. So 16, 2 mo., 1655, in 
town meeting the following is the record : "It is agreed upon concerning 
setting comfortable maintenance of the ministry of Dover and Oyster River, 
all the rent of the saw mills shall be set apart into a Towne stocke, with two 
pence upon ye pound to be rated upon the estates of all the inhabitants, and 
all such estates so apjKiinted are to be put into the hands of any that shall 
be chosen Treasurer l)y ye sd. Towne to receive the same, which sum hath 



respect to the Rate is to be paid in Money, Beaver, Bief, Poarke, Wheat, 
Pease, ]\Iault, Butter, Cheeise, in one or any of these. This order to take 
place 25th of June next and continue one whole yeare." 

June 30, 1656, the town voted to build a house at Oyster River "near the 
meeting-house, for the use of the minister, of the following dimensions, viz. : 
thirty-si.x feet long, ten feet wide, tvoelve feet in the wall, with two chimnies 
to be suitably finished." This was done and indicates that the Oyster Rive, 
inhabitants had built a meeting-house at their own expense, ready for service. 
The first minister there was the Rev. Edward Fletcher, who served "one 
whole year" and then returned to England, from whence he had come. Fol- 
low ing this they had no minister of their own. but they paid their ministerial 
tax to Dover and had the service of the regular minister at the First Church 
on Meeting-house Hill, who came over to Oyster River as often as his time 
would permit. 

The town records say: "Mr. Fletcher and the town having had some 
discourse whether lie will leave them, he willingly manifested that he was 
not minded to stay any longer, but to prepare himself for Old England and 
could not justly lay any blame upon the town." After Mr. Fletcher left it 
was arranged that the Rev. John Ruyner, minister of the First Church, 
should have fifty pounds extra for services rendered at the Oyster River 
meeting-house. November 10, 1658, in town meeting, it was voted that the 
charges for "fitting the two meeting-houses of Dover and Oyster Ri\er" 
should 1)e liorne l3y each place respectively, each place taking care of its own 

In 1662 the tax list shows that twenty-eight taxpayers lived on Dover 
Neck, twenty-nine lived at Cochecho, twelve at Bloody Point, forty-two at 
Oyster River and one William Ffollett at Belle-Man's Bank. This shows that 
Oyster Ri\'er settlement was a lively place and they employed the Rev. Joseph 
Hull to be their minister. Mr. Hull was born in England in 1594; graduated 
from St. Mary's, Oxford University, in 1614; began preaching, as a Puritan 
minister, in 1621 : he came to New England about 1650; he came to Oyster 
River in 1662 and was the minister for that community about three years, 
then removed to the Isles of Shoals, where he died November 19, 1665. 
During his ministry the Quaker women missionaries came over from Dover 
Neck and gave him considerable trouble in his Sunday meetings. They would 
stand up wlien he was delivering his sermon and contradict what he said 
and persist in arguing the question. On one occasion one was so discourte- 
ous, not to say abusive, that the deacons interfered and removed her from 
the meeting-house. 

In 1668 the minister's house at Oyster River needed repairs and in town 


meeting Captain Walderne and Koliert Burnuni were cliosen to oversee the 
work, and Left Coffin and William Ffollett were instructed not to "act any- 
thing" without their consent and "what tiiey sliall consent unto shall he the 
act of tile town for finishing the house." 

In 1669 the church difficulties between Dover Neck and Oyster River 
broke out afresh and a petition to the General Court in Boston asking that 
the Oyster River section of Dover he made a separate township, in which 
they say: "We groan under intolerable grievances, our ministry being 
greatly weakened, yea, and hazarded thereby, having neither head nor hand, 
to move in urder to calling (a minister) when without, or selling and main- 
taining (one) when obtained, and it being so difficult for us to attend civil 
(town) meetings there (at Dover Neck meeting-house) that often most of 
us cannot be there, hence we are in danger to be neglected or not taken 
care of, nor our affairs so well provided as if we were a township of our- 
selves, we being in all two hundred and twenty souls, near fifty families and 
seventy-odd soldiers, a convenient number of farmers, humbly request this 
honored court to grant us that so beneficial a privilege of becoming a 
township," etc. 

The petition was duly considered by the General Court ; Capt. John \\'ood- 
man was the chief s]>okesman for the ]>elitioners, but Capt. Richard 
Walderne overruled him in strength of argument. So instead of granting 
the petition, the committee of the court reported: "We have grounds to hojje 
there may be an agreement and settlement of things betwi.xt you (Dover 
Neck and Oyster River) ; we commend to your considering it best that you 
should jointly agree upiMi terms which may lie most ad\'antageous for each 
other and for public good; and for that end we judge it mete to respit ye 
case till next session of this court," etc. That was the end of the case for 
the time being, and no further effort was made in this direction until 1695. 
In 1675 it was agreed that two of the five selectmen should l)e chosen 
from Oyster Ri\cr. Under this arrangement the people for many years had 
their own minister, who was paid by the town of Dover, but with taxes 
imjXJSed upon the Oyster River taxpayers. Just who officiated as minister 
uj) to 1684 is not quite clear, but during that year the Rev. John Buss was 
duly installed in that official capacity. Mr. Buss was both physician and 
minister, and an able man in both capacities. lie was born in England about 
1640. and as layman did some Puritan preaching before he came over to 
New England. He first appears at Wells, Me., in 1672, and served that 
settlement as minister and physician until 1684. when he settled at Oyster 
River, and was a leader among that people for many years. He lost his 
house and \-aluable librarv in the awful Indian and hVench massacre in the 


summer of 1694, when nearly a hundred of his parishioners were killed and 
others were carried away captives. He died in 1736. xA.n ancient landmark, 
"Parson Buss' Pulpit," on the south side of Oyster River, will ever recall the 
memories of this fine old gentleman, who was for many years the guardian 
of the health and the souls of his people there. 

In 1695, what the Indians had left of the Oyster River people presented 
a petition to the Provincial Assembly of New Hampshire, asking to be made 
a township. There is no record that any action was taken in regard to 
this petition. It may be of interest to the reader to see the names of the 
petitioners of this date. They are: John \\'oodman, Stephen Jones, Paul 
Davis, Sampson Doe, James Bunker, Sr., Jeremiah Crommett, James Durgin, 
William Williams, Elias Critchett, Nathaniel Meader, John Cromell, Jere- 
miah Bumum, John Smith, Thomas Bickford, John Pinder, Ffrancis Mathes, 
Henry Nock, John \^'illey, Thomas Edgerly, Edward Leathers, Henry 
Marsh, Joseph Meader, Edward Wakeham, Philip Chesley, Sr., Thomas 
Chesley, Jr., George Chesley, William Jackson, Joseph Bunker, John Smith, 
Joseph Jones, John Doe, Jolin Williams, Thomas Williams, William Durgin, 
Henry Vines, Philip Cromell, John Meader, Jr., William Tasker, Philip 
Duly, Eli Demeritt, Joseph Jenkins, James Bunker, James Thomas, John 
Edgerly, William Durgin, Joseph Smith, Thomas Willey, Thomas Chesley 
and Ffrancis Pitman. 

The next record in regard to this question appears in the Provincial 
Records, May 4, 1716, as follows: "In Answer to ye Petition of Capt. 
Nathaniel Hill and ye People of Oyster River. 

"That ye agreement of ye town of Dover with yt Part of ye town called 
Oyster River, abt maintaining a Minister among them at their own cost & 
charges be confirmed & yt ye new meeting house built there be the place of 
ye publick worship of God in that District an establish a Distinct parish 
w ith all rights & privileges belonging to a Parish with full power to call & 
settle a Minister there and make Assessments for ye payment of his Salary 
& all other Parish charges equally on ye several inhabitants within yt Dis- 
trict & annually to chose five persons, freeholders in said Parish to make ye 
tax & manage all affairs of ye Parish," etc. 

The first parish meeting was held May 14th, following the granting of 
the petition, at the new meeting house. John Thompson, constable of the 
district, was authorized to call the meeting and notify the inhabitants. The 
new meeting house had been erected in 171 5 upon the spot where the one 
afterwards built in 1792 was located; that is where the General Sullivan 
monument now stands. 

The first minister of the new parish was the Rev. Hugh Adams. He was 



bom May 7, 1676; graduated from Harvard College in 1697; studied for 
the ministry and preached at Braintree, Mass., where he was ordained and 
settled September 7, 1 707 ; later he was minister at Chatham, Cape Cod, and 
was dismissed in 1715. He came to the Oyster River parish in 1716, and 
August 7, 1717, purchased the residence now known as the "General Sulli- 
van house." 

"At Oyster River Parish, in Dover, March 26th (1718). This day 
(through the smiles of Heaven upon us) we had a Church gathered here, 
in Decency and Order of the Gospel, and our Teacher, the Rev. Hugh 
Adams, was then consecrated and Established the Pastor thereof, who then 
preached from the Text in Cant. 3-11; we being tlien favored with the 
Presence and Approbation of some Reverend Pastors of the next Neighbor- 
ing Churches with the Honoured Messengers thereof, at the said Solemnity, 
in our New Meeting-House, wherein they gave the Right Hand of Fellow- 

"As witness our Hands. 

"Nathaniel Hill, 
"Stephen Jones." 

Mr. Adams was a man of great power and influence in the new town: 
he was minister in this place until he asked to be dismissed, and his request 
was granted January 23, 1739. He died in 1750, aged seventy-four. From 
the records it appears that more than a hundred persons, besides the ten who 
organized the church, became members during his ministry; and a still 
larger number of persons of various ages were baptized. 

The Rev. Nicholas Gilman, a native of Exeter, was Mr. Adams' suc- 
cessor in the ministry at Durham; bom January 18, 1707: graduated from 
Harvard College in 1724; was ordained at Durham March 3, 1742. He con- 
tinued as minister until his death, April 13, 1748. "He was buried at 
Exeter, the home of his ancestors, whither his remains w-ere carried by the 
young men of the town. He was greatly beloved for excellencies of charac- 
ter and disposition." 

Mr. Gilman's successor was the Rev. John Adams, son of Matthew- 
Adams of Boston and nephew of the Rev. Hugh Adams, above mentioned 
His father was one of the noted men of Boston and a leading citizen when 
Benjamin Franklin was a boy, to whom he lent books w'hich, no doubt, had 
much to do in shaping the career of the great philosopher and statesman. 
Dr. Franklin mentions this fact in his memoirs and gratefully acknowledges 
the favors received in his boyhood. Mr. Adams was born June 19, 1725; 
graduated from Harvard College in 1745; and three years later came to 


Durham, as its minister, it being his first pastorate. He was ordained March 
25, 1749. He was a man of fine literary ability; he possessed musical talents 
of a high order and saw to it that all the best musical talent in the parish 
was brought into use; he was skilful as a mechanic and would have been a 
first class master builder had he turned his attention in that direction instead 
of the ministry. He was a patriot and during the Revolution made the old 
meeting house ring with soul-stirring sermons in aid of the cause of Ameri- 
can independence. He was not only a strong minister, but also a good 
physician for the community at large. At his request he was dismissed 
June 16, 1778. Soon after he removed to Newfields, Me., where he was 
one of the leaders in founding the town. He continued his ministry there 
and practiced medicine until his death, June 9, 1792. 

Mr. Adams' successor was the Rev. Curtis Coe; bom in Middletown, 
Conn., July 21, 1750; graduated from Brown University in 1776, and began 
his ministry at Durham about three years later, being ordained and installed 
November i, 1780. He was minister here more than a quarter of a century. 
He resigned May i, 1806, and became a home missionary in the frontier 
towns of New Hampshire and Maine, where no ministers were settled. 
He was a good man, a great preacher, and successful pastor. He died 
at Newmarket, June 7, 1829, leaving many worthy descendants. 

The meeting house erected in 171 5, and under which the powder taken 
from Fort William and Mary was stored by General Sullivan in December, 
1774, was taken down in 1792, and a larger one erected upon the same site, 
where now the Sullivan monument stands. That meeting house was built 
by the town, just as the ministers had been supported by the town; this town 
support of the minister continued up to 1806, when Mr. Coe resigned. After 
that the town, as such, declined to vote money for the minister's salary in 
town meetings. In changing over from the old to the new order of ministry 
there was some little delay in getting the church machinery in working order. 
They had preaching occasionally, but no regular pastor until 1814, when 
the Rev. Federal Burt commenced to preach in tlie meeting house on the hill. 
He was born March 4. 1789, at South Hampton, Mass. That being the 
day on which the Federal Government of the United States was put in 
operation, is the reason why the paternal Burt named his son "Federal" 
Burt. He graduated from Williams College in 1812; he was fomially 
settled as minister for the Durham church June 18, 1817. He was then a 
young man of twenty-eight years, and possessed of an interesting person- 
ality, as well as a thorough knowledge of and skill in using the English 
language. He had preached quite a while before he was ordained and had 
created a great revival in 181 6, which led to his ordination the following 


year. He was a man of commanding presence and exercised a wonderful 
ix)wer over the people of the town, outside of the churcli organization. He 
died February 9, i8_'8. 

The old meeting house on "Broth Hill" was given up in 1848. when the 
present house of worship was erected. A former resident of the town, who 
could remember seeing Mr. Burt in the last years of his ministry, wrote as 
follows: "What a spacious affair it was, with its high galleries all around; 
its square pews; seats on hinges; high pulpit up a long flight of stairs; the 
sounding board over the pulpit, sliglitly back of the preacher; and printed 
in gilt letters on a green ground the fourth verse of the one hundredth 
psalm, 'Enter into his gates with thanksgiving and into his courts with 
praise; be thankful unto him and bless his name.' And then it was an awe 
inspiring siglit as Mr. Burt, robed in his elegant black silk surplice, ascended 
those stairs, opened the Bible and read the morning lesson." 

Tile Rev. Robert Page was Mr. Burt's successor; born April 25, 1790; 
graduated from Bowdoin College in iSio; from Andover Theological Sem- 
inary in 1815; he was installed as pastor at Durham, December 3, 1828; 
dismissed March 31, 1831, and died January 12, 1876. 

His successor was the Rev. Alvan Toljcy, D. D. ; born at Wilmington, 
Vt.. April I, 1808: graduated from Amherst College in 1828; Andover 
Theological Seminary in 183 1, and began preaching in Durham the first 
Sabbath in October of tliat year, and remained the minister of the church 
until the first week in Januarj', 1871, a period of a little more than thirty- 
nine years. It was the wish that he remain pastor for life, but he declined. 
He was a discrete manager among the people and kept the membership of 
the church well up, leaving it in fine and harmonious condition. Dr. Tobey 
received his degree of Doctor of Divinity from Dartmouth College in 1867. 
He was the author of several religious works during his pastorate. Soon 
after he retired he removed to Somersworth, where he resided until his 
death, September 30, 1874. 



The greatest event in the history of the Oyster River parish was the 
massacre perpetrated by the Indians and French on July i8, 1694. At that 
time the settlement had grown to such an extent that houses were along the 
banks on both sides of the river, from Durham Point to the falls, where 
Oyster River freshet connects with the tide water, and all these were 
attacked soon after midnight, July 17-18. There were twelve garrisoned 
houses, and several others which were not protected with palisade logs. The 
dwellers in the latter houses went to the garrisoned houses whenever they 
supposed there was any danger of attack by the Indians. As they had 
recovered from the fright given them by the massacre at Cochecho in June, 
1689, they were resting c|uietly in their respective homes on this eventful 
night, not apprehending any danger, as the Indians had been quiet for some 
time past, since they had murdered the great and brave Maj. Richard 
W'alderne in his garrison, which stood where the courthouse stands in Dover. 
Everything was quiet in July, 1694, and the people of Oyster River had no 
occasion to entertain fear, as they had not done anything to incur the special 
enmity of the Indians, as Major W'alderne and the people at Cochecho had. 

It is said that the design of surprising the Oyster River settlement was 
publicly talked of at Quebec two months before it w^as put into execution. 
Sieur de Villieu, who had distinguished himself in the defense of Quebec 
in 1692, when Sir William Phips attempted to capture it, was leader of 
this raid.. During the first week in July there were rumors of Indians seen 
lurking around in the woods hereabout, but no mischief being attempted, 
the dwellers here imagined they were merely hunting parties, so thought no 
more of it. But, at length, the necessary preparations having been made, 
Villieu, with a body of 250 Indians, collected from the tribes of St. John, 
Penobscot and Xorridgewog. attended by a French priest, had gathered in 
the forest around, early in the night, without being discovered. 

At the falls they formed two divisions, one of which was to go on each 



side of tlie river aiul plant themselves in ambush in small parties that 
would cover all the houses, so as to be ready for a simultaneous attack on all 
at the rising of the sun, which, you know, at that time in July is about 4 
o'clock. The plot was well laid, but it miscarried to a certain extent. 

You saw just before you crossed over the river to the Sullivan monu- 
ment, a mill dam and the ruins of an old mill. Well, in 1694, John Dean's 
house stood near that old mill. I presume he was a miller. As it happened, 
that mornin.sf he arose Ijefore daybreak, probably about 2 o'clock, to go ofif 
on a journey, perhaps to Portsmouth. It had been agreed among the Indians 
to commence the attack at all points when the first gun was fired, at sunrise. 
But when John Dean stepped out of his door to take his boat to go down 
the river, an Indian shot him dead. This firing disconcerted the plans of 
the Indians, in part, as several parties who had some distance to go had not 
then arrived at their stations: the people in general were attacked imme- 
diately, where the Indians were ready to begin their bloody work; some of 
the people at the lower part of the river, here, had time to make their escape 
across Little Bay, to Fox Point, while others prepared for defense. The 
fight raged for two or three hours. 

Of the t\\ elve garrisoned houses, five were destroyed, viz. : Adams', 
Drew's, Edgerly's, Meader's and Beard's. They entered the Adams gar- 
rison without resistance, where they killed fourteen persons. The grave is 
still to be seen in which they were all buried; it is just across the river from 
where you saw the site of the Davis garrison, near the mouth of the river. 
It was built by Charles Adams. Mr. Adams and his wife and son, Samuel, 
were among the number killed. The huge mound of the grave has always 
been respected by the owners of the soil, by never stirring the sod by plow 
for planting. The ancient Mathes burying ground is near it. 

Thomas Drew's garrison was just above that of .\dams' ; he surrendered 
his garrison on the promise of security, but they murdered him; also his 
brother, Francis, was killed, and several of the family were carried away 
captives to Canada. Among the number was Thomas Drew, Jr., and his 
wife, Tamsen: they had been recently married and were living in the old 
garrison in 1694, when the Indians captured them and burned the house. 
A boy, nine years old, one of the family, was made to nm the gauntlet, the 
lane of Indians throwing their hatchets at him until he was finally killed. 
Thomas Drew and his wife were separated by the Indians on their retreat, 
and he was carried to Canada, but she was carried to Norridgwog. He was 
redeemed after remaining in Canada two years ; she was not redeemed until 
1698, and during her bondage of four years she suffered great cruelties. 
After four vears she returned and she and her husband commenced house- 


keeping on the shore of Great Bay. where they lived until he was ninety- 
three and she was eiglity-nine years of age, and they raised a family of 
fourteen children. Their descendants are numerous and most worthy 

The Edgerly garrison was built by Thomas Edgerly about 1680, on 
the shore of Little Bay, south of the mouth of Oyster river; on account of 
the alann being given ahead of schedule time, by the shooting of John Dean, 
Mr. Edgerly and his family had time to get out of the house and into boats, 
by which they crossed over the bay to Fox Point, but they were shot at by the 
pursuing Indians, and his son, Zachariah, was killed by one shot. The rest 
escaped. The Indians burned his garrison and all the contents. This Thomas 
Edgerly was appointed a justice of the peace in 1674 and in February, 
1684-5, ^'^'^s one of the judges appointed by Governor Cranfield to try the 
Rev. Joshua Moody, pastor of the church in Portsmouth, for violation of 
the law in refusing to administer tlie Lord's supper to Cranfield and two of 
his council, according to the fonns of the Church of England, "as set forth 
in the Book of Common Prayer, and no other." Justice Edgerly held that 
Mr. Moody was not guilty. Whereupon Cranfield revoked Edgerly's com- 
mission as justice, but it was restored to him by Cranfield's successor. He 
was living as late as 171 5. 

Beard's garrison, whose location you saw a short distance this side of 
the falls, was built by William Beard in 1675, when the Indians first began 
to be real ugly, and in September of that year a party of Indians under the 
lead of the Chief Squando made their first onset at Oyster River; they 
burned two houses belonging to persons named Chesley; killed two men 
in a canoe and carried away two captains, both of whom soon after made 
their escape. They came up to Beard's garrison and, meeting him outside 
the garrison, killed him, and in a barbarous manner cut off his head and set 
it on a pole in derision ; then they went on to Exeter and Hampton, where 
they committed more murders. That was the first serious trouble that 
Oyster River settlement had with the Indians. In 1694 the Beard garrison 
was occupied by his son-in-law, Edward Leathers, who with his family made 
their escape before the Indians attacked and burned the garrison. By the 
way, this Edward Leathers, who seems to have been a very respectable and 
worthy citizen, as were many of his descendants, was the ancestor of the 
noted dwellers in the famous Leathers City of Barrington, whose fame was 
great both far and near, but the city in Barrington is now but a quiet neigh- 

The Meader garrison, which stood in the neighborhood of where Mr. 
Elisha R. Brown's summer residence is, up there opposite Fox Point, was 


built by John Meader as soon as tlie wars began in 1675. In 1694 Mr. Mcader 
was about sixty-four years old. When he heard the firing of guns about 
daybreak on the morning of the massacre, he was not properly and suffi- 
ciently prepared to defend his house, because ammunition was lacking, so 
he took his family across the river to Fox Point before the Indians had a 
chance to begin their attack on his garrison. When they reached there, 
finding it vacant, they burned it to the ground, but Mr. Meader immediately 
rebuilt it after the massacre and called on the Government to station soldiers 
there, which was done, according to the provincial papers, and they remained 
until December, if'xM. 

There were other farm houses about the settlement which were not gar- 
risoned; that is, tlid not have a large yard around them enclosed by a high 
stockade of posts in the ground which no man could climb over, the entrance 
to which was by a gate of strong timbers which was fastened at night by a 
strong bar across it. On that horrible night in 1694 nearly all of these 
defenseless houses were set on fire, the inhabitants being either killed or 
taken prisoners; some of them escaped to the garrisoned houses, or hid in 
the bushes, or other secret places. Dear friends, just imagine yourself under 
such circumstances; you can then appreciate this story. 

I have told you of the garrisons that were burned. The other seven 
garrisons, viz. : Jones', Bunker's, Smith's, Davis', Burnham's, Bickford's 
and ^^'oodman's, were resolutely and successfully defended. Taking them 
in the order as you saw the localities in coming down here I will first 
mention — 

The Jones garrison, which stood on the upper side of Jones creek, a 
pleasant location, with the ri\cr in full sight. It was built by Ste])hen Jones, 
who settled there in 1663, and the farm has been in jwsscssion of the Jones 
family to the present day, 246 years ago. He is called Ensign Jones in 1692, 
being one of the three officers appointed for the defense of the settlement, 
the others being Capt. John \\'oodman and Lieut. James Davis. That was 
three years after the massacre at Cochecho, so it is more than probable that 
they supplied their garrison well with ammunition and other means of 
defense, which iiiadc them thoroughly prepared to fight the Indians when 
they made the attack two years later. The Jones garrison was beset before 
daybreak. Ensign Jones hearing his dogs bark, and imagining that wolves 
might be near, went out to secure some swine, which done, he returned 
unmolested ; but being suspicious that all was not right, he then went up into 
the flankout and sat on the wall. Discerning the flash of a gun, he dropped 
backward ; soon a ball entered the place w here he had withdrawn his legs. 
Of course there was something doing at once; he aroused his household and 


prepared for defense, which was successfully made, although his fort was 
beset on all sides. 

The Bunker garrison you saw the ruins of, as you came here. It is on 
the upper side of Bunker's creek. It was built by James Bunker, who was 
settled at Oyster River as early as 1652; it was built about 1675. It was 
successfully defended in 1694, and a part of the original estate, including 
the old garrison, has remained in possession of the Bunker family to the 
present time, 257 years. 

The Smith garrison stood on a hill, near where you saw the Smith bury- 
ing ground. It was built by Joseph Smith, who on July 31, 1660, had a 
grant from the town of Dover of that lot of land, which has remained in 
possession of the Smith family to the present time. 253 years, the present 
owner being Forest S. Smith, Esq., a prominent merchant in Boston. This 
Joseph Smith was a son of George Smith, who was one of Capt. Thomas 
Wiggins' company that settled at Dover Neck in 1633, 281 years ago, and 
was a prominent citizen of Dover, being town clerk several years; he some- 
times spelled his name "Smyth." He is named among those who were the 
first freemen of Dover. Joseph Smith resided on that land until his death ; 
his remains were interred in the burial ground nearly where the garrison 
stood, and on his gravestone you read this inscription : 

"Sacred to the memory of Joseph Smith, zvho died December 15, 1728, 
aged eiijhty-tiine years. He xuas the first European ivho cidtivatcd the soil 
in Zi'hich his remains are deposited." The adjoining tombstone bears this 
inscription: "Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth Smith, idfe of Joseph 
Smith, zvho died May 25, 1727." In that burial ground you saw the grave- 
stones of six generations of the Smith family, who in turn had been owners 
of that land ; it is a condition which probably no burial ground in New 
Hampshire can duplicate. In the \\'oodman burial ground, up near the col- 
lege, there are the graves of Capt. John Woodman and six generations of his 
descendants, who in turn owned the Woodman garrison and the land around 
it, but not all of the graves have separate headstones to designate the exact 
spot where each was buried. The Smith garrison was successfully defended, 
"being seasonably apprised of the danger," as the report says, other families 
taking refuge there. The Indians made furious and continued attacks, but 
the brave men within "held the fort." The Smith family in every genera- 
tion descended from Joseph has had men distinguished for ability, energy 
and faithful service in public trusts. 

The Davis garrison, the location of which you saw near the mouth of 
Oyster river, was built by John Da\is of Haverhill, Mass., who came here 
as early as 1653 and settled on that land in 1654; he is the present writer's 


ancestor. He is called Ensign John Davis as early as 1663, and died before 
1686. He built the garrison about 1675, and in it resided his son, James, 
and family at tlie time of the massacre in 1694. This James was then 
Lieut. James Davis; later in life, in the next century, he became colonel of 
his regiment and was one of the great men of his generation, valiant in 
wars w ith the I'Vench and Indians, wise and energetic in peace ; judge, coun- 
cillor, and incorruptible in all official positions; he accumulated great wealtli 
and left a family of nine children, whose ages, at their death, averaged 
eighty-seven years each. He died in 1748, aged eighty-eight years. You 
saw the headstone at his grave, where it has withstood the stomis of 160 
years. Around it are the unmarked graves of his descendants for several 

When the Indians made ilieir attack on the garri>un on the morning of 
July i8th, Lieutenant Davis and his neighbors who had gathered there were 
ready for them, being forewarned by the guns up the river, and they suc- 
cessfully repulsed every attack that was made, without the loss of a man. 
But what a liorrible night it was as he looked across the river and saw the 
burning houses and heard the cries of his neiglibors. whom he was unable to 
assist. It is the tradition of the neighborhood that Col. James Davis, the 
veteran officer and able magistrate, used on occasion to lay aside his carnal 
weapons, and convene religious meetings at his capacious garrison, in which 
he took the lead in prayer and exhortation. (Some time after the afifair of 
1694, it is the tradition that six or seven persons from Oyster River Point, 
on tlieir way to the boat from one of these meetings, were waylaid and slain 
by the Indians on the Meader land just below Davis creek. Their bodies, 
discovered some days later, were covered with earth where they lay. This 
place was pointed out to you by Mr. Chesley.) 

The Bickford garrison stood at Durham Point, across the river from 
Colonel Davis' but lower down. It was built by Thomas Bickford, ancestor 
of the present writer; that point of land has Little Bay on one side and 
Oyster river on the other. On the occasion of the attack. Captain Bickford 
being forewarned by the noise and fire up river, sent his family across the 
bay to Fox Point, and remained to defend his garrison, when the attack 
should be made, which he knew was sure to come. He did the work in a 
very ingenious and successful way; it was surrounded by a strong palisade. 
Despising alike the promises and threats by which the Indians would have 
persuaded him to surrender, he kept up a constant fire at them, changing his 
dress as often as he could, show ing himself with a different cap, hat or coat, 
and sometimes without either, and giving orders of command in a loud 
voice, as if he had a company of soldiers with him, and continually shooting 


at the enemy, he completely deceived them and they finally gave up the 
attempt to capture the garrison, thinking it was too strongly manned for 

The first meeting house at Oyster River was just across the river from 
the Smith garrison ; the Indians did not disturb it, and it is the tradition that 
wliile the massacre and burning of houses was going on. a French priest, who 
accompanied the party, remained in the meeting house, and employed him- 
self in writing on the pulpit with chalk, and would not permit the house to 
be damaged. At that time tlie pastor was Rev. John Buss ; he happened to 
be aw ay from home, but the Indians destroyed his house, nearby the church, 
with a valuable library, whose books and manuscripts would be of inestima- 
ble value if our historical society could possess them now. His wife and 
family escaped to the woods and thus saved their lives. 

The Burnham garrison, above the meeting house, also made a successful 
defense. After the fight on botli sides of the river was over. Dr. Belknap 
says : "Both divisions then met at the falls, where they had passed the even- 
ing before, and proceeded together to Captain Woodman's garrison. The 
ground being uneven, they approached without danger, and from behind a 
hill kept up a long and severe fire at the hats and caps which the people 
w ithin held up on sticks above the walls, but did no damage except battering 
the roof of the house. At length, apprehending it was time for the people 
in the neighboring settlements to collect in pursuit of them, they finally with- 
drew, having killed and captivated between ninety and a hundred persons, 
and burned about twenty houses, of which five were garrisons." 

Just a few words about that Woodman garrison, which was standing 
in a fine state of preservation until it was burned to the ground in Xi;)\-cml)er, 
1896. You saw what a beautiful location it stood on, the hill at the head 
of Beard's creek, with brooks and deep ravines on every side of the acclivity, 
except the west. It has a fine outlook for an approaching enemy, as well as 
a charming view in every direction, except in the rear, where the rise of land 
intercepts the prospect. Duriiani village, which did not e.xist in 1694. lies 
at the south in full view ; at the east may be traced the windings of Oyster 
river. At the north, through an opening between the hills, can be seen the 
spot where stood the Huckin's garrison ; and nearer at hand, but separated 
by a deep ravine, is the field where occurred the massacre of i68g, when 
the garrison was destroyed and eighteen persons were killed in a field by 
the Indians. The mound where they were buried can still be pointed out, 
never having been disturbed by the plow. 

The Woodman garrison was built by Capt. John Woodman, a direct 
ancestor of the present writer; he was a son of Edward Woodman of New- 


bury, Mass., one of the founders of that town. Captain Woodman came to 
Oyster River as early as 1657, and in 1659 had a grant of twenty acres of 
land, the same on which he Iniilt the garrison. Captain Woodman was one 
of the leading men of tlic town and tlie pro\incc. 'i'hc garrison and the 
valuable farm remained in possession of his descendants, in the Woodman 
name, for more than two hundred years, the last of the name to own it 
being the distinguished Prof. John S. W'oodman of Dartmouth College, who 
died in the old garrison May 9, 1871, and was buried in the ancient I)urial 
ground, which you saw on that beautifid s])0t on the hill by Beard's creek, 
where five generations of his ancestors had been laid before him. After his 
death it was sold by his widow, together with the fann. By carelessness on 
the part of the owner, it was burned in November, 1896, an event that never 
ought to have occurred; such carelessness in connection with historic places 
is inexcusable. 

The Woodman burial ground is on a beautiful ridge between Beard's 
cove and the broad, green field at the south of it. This was an ancient 
burial ground for the Indians in the ages before the white man came up 
Oyster river. In 1862 Prof. John Smith Woodman of Dartmouth College 
erected a fine monument in the center of the ground on which are the fol- 
lowing inscriptions : 

"Here lie the remains of the Woodman family, who have occupied these 
grounds since 1659. Here are the graves of seven generations; August, 1862. 

"John Woodman. Esq., came from Newbury, Me.; born 1630, died 1706; 
his son Jonathan, born 1665, died 1729; his son John born 1701, died 1777; 
his son Captain Jonathan, born 1743, died 181 1 ; his son Nathan born Decem- 
ber 29, 1789. died March 2. 1869; his son Prof. John Smith, born Sei>- 
tember 6. 1819, died May 9. 1871. Professor Woodman's wife born May I, 
1833, died December 15, 1884. Their daughter Fanny born September 5, 
1861, died February 26, 1862." 




The third great event in the history of Durham was the Revolutionary- 
war, in which its citizens took an active and important part, beginning with 
the first overt act of the war, in December, 1774. The parish was incorpo- 
rated as a town by the Provincial assembly, May 15, 1732. It received the 
name of Durham, apparently at the request of the Rev. Hugh Adams, who 
had been minister of the parish a number of years. In his address to the 
General Court in 1738, he says this parish "was chartered into the township 
of Durham" in answer to his petition "for its privileges and said name, as 
therein pleaded for." Polysome reason not explained, Mr. Adams had a love 
for Durham in Old England and wanted it given to this new town in New 
England, and the Assembly so named it. 

The men of the new town took an active part in the French and Indian 
wars preceding the opening of the Revolutionary struggle. The most con- 
spicuous man among Durham citizens in the Revolution was John Sullivan, 
born in the parish of .Summersworth, in Dover, February 17, 1740; son of 
the famous schoolmaster, John Sullivan, and his wife, Margery Brown. He 
was given a good education by his father, and completed his study of law, 
with Samuel Livermore of Portsmouth, when he was twenty years old, and 
was married that same year, commencing housekeeping at Berwick, Me., 
where his father lived (not South Berwick). Later he settled as a lawyer 
in Durham, and on December 19, 1764, purchased from the heirs of Dr. 
Samuel Adams the well known Sullivan house, near the Sullivan monument 
on "Broth Hill," where the old meeting house stood. That house Parson 
Hugh Adams, father of Samuel, had purchased of Joseph Burnham, August 
7, 1717. It was then a new house, but now (1913) must be near, or quite, 
two hundred years old. That house was General Sullivan's home until his 
death, January 23, 1795, and the home of his family for many years 
after that. 



Tlie young lawyer soon acquired an extensive and lucrative practice of 
his profession and for ten years was one of the leading lawyers in New 
Hampshire and in York county, Maine. He was brilliant, energetic and 
eloquent as an attorney and he carried on considerable mill business, outside 
of his law practice, so that in ten years he had acciunulated cjuite a handsome 
fortune, for that period. It would have been nothinji; unusual for him to 
oppose war to save his property, but the oppressive measures of the British 
ministry found him a bold opponent. Perhaps he inherited this feeling of 
opposition from the way his ancestors had been despoiled of their possessions 
in Ireland. He was of the O'Sullivans of the southwestern part of that 
island, near Bantry bay, to whom the name of England was justly a synonym 
of merciless tyranny and bloody despotism. He could trace his ancestry to 
holders of castles le\eled by the Fnglish invader. His grandfather. Major 
Philip 0'Sulli\an, had been a soldier in the defense of Limerick, the last 
place in Ireland to yield to King William III, and on its fall had chosen 
liberty in exile in I'rance. where lie died, rather than to submit to forswear 
himself at home. 

This young lawyer of Durham, at thirty-four years of age, had the spirit 
and courage of such ancestors, and when the call came for him to show his 
colors in 1774 he was ready for the fray. In December of that year Paul 
Revere took his first patriotic horseback ride and came to Portsmouth and 
infonned the leading patriots there that a British warship was coming to 
that town to take the powder and other war materials from Fort William 
and Mary, where Fort Constitution now is, and he advised them to get busy 
and remove the war material before the British sailors could get a chance 
to do it. It was a very important and timely journey, though not much has 
been said about it since then. 

Well, a party at Portsmouth acted promptly on Paul Revere's advice. 
On the afternoon of December 14, 1774, they went down river to the fort 
in Newcastle; surprised everybody in it, and took away ninety-seven barrels 
of powder and 'brought it all up river to Portsmouth. Then the question 
was what to do with it. If they kept it there in Portsmouth the British war- 
ship could come there and capture it ; and the ship did arrive a day or two 
after the powder and other stuff had been taken safely inland and stored 
where no British army could find it. 

The Portsmouth Sons of Liberty very speedily and wisely sent a message 
to Major John Sullivan in Durham to come down with a crew of men and 
help them. They received a prompt and hearty response, and Sullivan and 
his party arrived early the next day and began to make plans of what to 
do and how to proceed in doing it, as will be shown a little further along. 


The Pascataqua river empties into Ipswich bay in the space between Fort 
Constitution and Kittery Point; its mouth is wide and deep. From there it 
goes ahnost straight up to Dover Point; at this points it curves to the south 
and west and extends up about two miles, where it has its head, at Fox 
Point, around which the tide flows into Little bay, two miles west of which 
is Great bay, and beyond that Exeter. Oyster river flows into Little bay a 
short distance south of the head of the Pascataqua river, and it is about 
three miles from the mouth to the head of tide water at the falls at Durham 
village, where stood the meeting house under which the powder was first 
stored, December 17, 1774. as it took two days to cut the ice in Oyster river, 
from Little bay to tlie falls, the weather being very cold. The rough sketch 
enclosed shows the route by which the powder was carried in gondolas and 
other boats. Why they did this I will explain later. 

In 1774 no powder was manufactured in America; all was brought from 
England. In the fall of 1774 King George ordered that no more powder 
should be exported to the American colonies; orders also were given for the 
British commanders over here to collect and get complete control of all the 
powder that was over here already ; that meant that the colonists, deprived of 
powder, could not fight the King's armies, if war should come; no powder, 
no fight. The king would have complete control. Now, then. 

News of this order by the King reached Boston early in December. The 
King had two warships in Boston, which Paul Revere learned were pre- 
paring to come to Portsmouth and get the powder at Fort William and Mary, 
now Constitution. December 13, 1774. Paul Revere rode to Portsmouth 
and informed the patriots there that the British warships were coming to 
get the powder, and urged them to organize a party and capture and remove 
it at once from the fort to places where the warships could not reach it. 
This Paul Re\ere is the same man who four months later made that historic 
horseback ride from Charlestown to Lexington and Concord and infomied 
the people that the British soldiers were coming to capture the powder at 
Concord, which resulted in that "firing of the shot that was heard around 
the world." His ride to Portsmouth on December 13, 1774, was just as 
important and beneficial in its results as was his ride to Lexington and Con- 
cord in the darkness of April 19, 1775, but as no blood was shed at Ports- 
mouth, and cutting ice is not so poetic as shooting men in battle array. 
General Sullivan's ice cutting in Oyster river has never been lauded in poetrj' 
and song as has been the fighting by the farmers at Concord, and their fight- 
ing from behind every stone wall along the road over which the British sol- 
diers made their hastv retreat to Boston. The result was the same in both 


instances. The colonists saved their powder at l''ort William and Mary and 
at Concord ; the one by cutting ice, the other by shedding blood. 

Well, Paul Revere arrived in Portsmouth on the afternoon of December 
13th. On the 14th. John Langdon and other patriot leaders organized a 
party, properly armed, and on the afternoon went to the fort and captured 
the ix)wder. There were no bridges then; the journey to Great Island had 
to be made in boats, and in boats it had to be taken away; no easy job on a 
cold day, but they got out nearly a hundred barrels and brought it up here 
to Portsmouth. Tiic next day, December 15th, Gen. John Sullivan (he 
wasn't a general tiien) and a party caine down from Durham, and with 
Portsmouth men went to the fort at night and took out the rest of the 
powder, the cannon and tlie guns, and brought it all up to Portsmouth. 

.So far, well done: but it never would be safe to leave it there. The 
frigate Scarborough was on the way from Boston, and could take it just 
as well at Portsmouth as at the fort, so the work began at once of removing 
the pow der and guns to places where the British soldiers and marines could 
not get hold of it. 

As is well known, it is deep water all the way from Fort Constitution 
to the head of the Pascataqua ri\er. The frigate Scarborough could easily 
have gone up there hail the iiowder been left along the way, hence the 
l)owder was taken to Durham, the nearest point of safety. So, as fast as 
]>ossible, with fa\'oring tide, the loaded gondolas were taken up the Pas- 
catacpia as far as Little Bay, the water being free of ice. At Fox Point they 
could go no farther, as the Oyster river had frozen over, the ice being a few 
inches thick. This had to be cut by Sullivan and his men, but in a day or 
two the powder was all floated up the river and the barrels were rolled ashore 
and tal<en up the hill to the old meeting house, which stood where the Sulli- 
van mounment stands. The cannon and guns were also taken care of; but 
the powder was the most precious of all. 

After they had the powder safely hidden under the meeting house floor 
the news came that the frigate Scarborough had arrived at Portsmouth 
harbor to get the powder. The ofificers examined the fort and found all the 
war material was missing. So it appears that Langdon and Sullivan and 
their compatriots were just in time; a few days' delay would have made 
it impossible to save the powder from British hands, except by a hard 
fight with the British frigate, in which it would have been difficult for the 
patriots to have saved the powder. 

The powder did not remain long under the meeting house; for greater 
security it was carted to the towns around Durham. Maj. John Demerritt, 
who resided in Madbury, about three miles from the meeting house, had 


his men dig^ a special cellar under his barn, in which he deposited a number 
of barrels of the precious explosive. He had a passageway dug from his 
house cellar to the powder cellar, by which the barrels were rolled in, and in 
midwinter he rolled out some of them and hauled them to Medford, Mass., 
with his ox team; some of that powder was used at the battle of Bunker Hill, 
and more of it in the siege of Boston. 

The capture of the powder and arms was the first overt act of the 
Revolutionary war, ante-dating the encounter at Lexington and Concord 
by four months. 

As regards the way the assaults were made upon the fort, the story given 
in Brewster's "Rambles alxjut Portsmouth" is not correct, although it is 
dramatic and interesting. Mr. Brewster says the attack was made by the 
Portsmouth party on a bright moonlight night (December 14, 1774), about 
midnight ; that Capt. Thomas Pickering w as the first man who scaled the 
western ramparts of the fort and surprised the sentinel and disamied him, 
and then some other men arrived and held the sentinel while Capt. Pickering 
went to the quarters where Captain Cochran, the commandant of the fort, 
was asleep, and arrested him before he was fairly awake and infomied him 
the fort had been captured and he w-as a prisoner. "Whereupon Captain 
Cochran tendered his sword to Captain Pickering, who politely handed it 
back to him, observing he was a gentleman and should retain his side arms, 
and turned to leave him. As he turned, Cochran thought he had the gallant 
Pickering at his advantage and aimed a blow at him with his sword, which 
Pickering parried with his arm, and then, without deigning to draw his 
trusty sword, he felled the miscreant to the ground with his clinched hand." 
Just then others came to Pickering's assistance and Cochran was placed 
under guard. I need not quote more; the facts of the case are. however, 
quite different, as I will show. 

Paul Revere brought his message on Tuesday, December 13, 1774, from 
the Committee of Safety in Boston to the committee in Portsmouth, of 
which Mr. Samuel Cutts was chainnan. announcing that troops were to be 
sent to re-enforce the fort, and bringing information also of the King's 
order in council prohibiting the exportation of gunpowder and military 
stores to America ; and he urged the committee to at once get the powder 
and amis at the fort. Air. Cutts immediately called the committee together 
and they formulated plans for the capture of the powder upon the following 
day. Governor Wentworth seems to have had some intimation of what 
might happen from Paul Revere's visit, for he sent word to Captain Cochran 
to be upon his guard. In Wentworth's report on the affair, however, he 
states that "before any suspicion could be had of their (the committee's) 



intentions, about four hundred men were gathered together." The result of 
the committee's conference and plans was that at 12 o'clock noon on 
Wednesday, December 14, they had secretly and quietly come upon the 
square, and with a drum and fife corps commenced parading the streets to 
call the citizens together. Of course Governor Went worth heard the music 
and soon learned what were the intentions of the committee, and by his 
order the Chief Justice of the province made proclamation that what they 
proposed, to go and take the pow dcr, would be open rcbellin against the 
King. The Sons of Liberty were not terrified in the least. They kept the 
drum and fife going and the w hole town came out to see what was the mat- 
ter. About 2 o'clock 200 men got on board all kinds of boats and started 
down the river for the fort at Newcastle. On the way others joined them, 
so that about four hundred men arrived at the fort about 3 o'clock in the 
afternoon and Ix^set it on all sides. Captain Cochran says he had been 
mformed about i o'clock that they were coming "to take possession of the 
fort, upon which, having only five effective men with me, I prepared to make 
the best defense I could, and pointed some guns to those places where I 
expected they would enter." When the men had landed from their boats 
Captain Cochran told them, on their peril, not to enter. They replied they 
would. The captain tlicn says : "I immediately ordered three four-pounders 
to be fired on them, and then the small arms; and before we could be ready 
to fire again we were stormed on all quarters, and they immediately secured 
both me and my men and kept us prisoners about one hour and a half, during 
which time they broke open the powder-house, and took all the powder away, 
except one barrel : and having put it into boats and sent it off, they released 
me from confinement. To which I can only add, that I did all in my power 
to defend the fort, but all my efforts could not avail against so great a 

That is the way the powder was taken from the fort, according to Capt. 
John Cochran, who was in command of it. Quite different from Mr. Brew- 
ster's pretty story in his "Raml^ilcs." It does not ai)pear that any one was 
killed or wounded by the discharge of the cannon and small arms; if there 
had been three or four killed the great historians would have made as much 
of a story of it as they have of the Lexington and Concord fight. The pow- 
der was taken up to Portsmouth and kept a day or two, in the gondolas in 
which it had been loaded, in all ninety-seven barrels. Probably as the tide 
favored the boats were taken farther up the river. Just who led in this 
capture of the powder is not stated in any of the letters and documents relat- 
ing to it, but Capt. John Langon has always been mentioned as one of the 
number. The four hundred Sons of Liberty were all of one mind and did not 


need any commander. Langdon and Pickering and Cutts were all in it with 
the rest. Governor Wentworth says "after they entered the fort they seized 
the cajjtain, ga\e three huzzas, and hauled down the King's colors ;" let this 
suffice for December 14. 

On the following day. Thursday, December 15, 1774, Maj. John Sulli- 
van (later general), of Durham, appeared on the scene and took a hand in 
the affair of completing the work of dismantling the fort; he had no connec- 
tion w ith the first day's work. Of course those drumbeats on Market Square 
could not l>e heard at Durham, but expresses were sent out in all directions 
to alarm the county people, and one of these came to Durham. General Sulli- 
van in one of his letters says : "A messenger came to my house (on the night 
of December 14) from the Hon. Colonel Long (of Portsmouth) and I think 
also signed by President Langdon, informing me that one hundred barrels of 
powder were sent to my care; that they had been to the fort and secured as 
much of the powder as they could; and desired me to come down with a 
party to secure the remainder, with the cannon and munitions of war, as they 
were in danger of being seized by the British ships." 

The result w as that by the next forenoon Major Sullivan had mustered a 
large company of Durham men and they arrived in Portsmouth about noon 
of Thursda}', December 15. He says that among the number were Rev. Mr. 
Adams, Deacon Norton, Lieutenant Durgin, Capt. Jonathan Woodman, 
Mr. -\aron Davis, a Mr. Footman of Dover, and Alexander Scammell, his 
law student, later colonel of the First New Hampshire regiment at the capture 
of Comwallis at Yorktown, where he was killed. When they arrived at 
Portsmouth they were draw n up on parade, on Market Square. They chose 
a committee consisting of those persons who had been the most active in the 
afifair of the preceding day, with Major Sullivan and some others, to wait 
on the Governor and ascertain whether he expected any of the King's troops 
or ships to come to the fort. They called on him and the Governor, after 
expressing great concern for the taking of the powder from the fort, which 
they pretended to disapprove and to be ignorant that it had been taken, 
assured them that he knew of neither troops or ships coming into the Prov- 
ince, and ordered Major Sullivan, as a magistrate, to go and disperse the 
people. The committee returned and reported to the assembled patriots what 
the Governor had told them. They voted it was satisfactory, but they also 
voted approval of the taking the powder from the fort. Matters then ap- 
peared to subside and the authorities thought the people had left quietly for 
their homes. They did leave the parade quietly, but Major Sullivan, with 
about sevent)- of his men, concealed themselves until the evening and then 
went to the fort, arriving before midnight, and took out the remainder of the 


l)o\\clcr, with fifteen four-pounders and one nine-pounder, and a quantity of 
twelve and four and twenty pound shot, with a lot of small arms, and having 
loaded it in gondolas, with favoring tide went up the river as far as they 
could, towards Durham. It does not appear in any reports that they met with 
any resistance at the fort, but the men said it was very cold work wading in 
the water to load the material in the lx)ats on that December night. 

They got all of this and the powder up as far as Oyster river all right ; 
then they had to cut ice with saws, and General Sullivan says it took two days 
to get it all up to his house at Oyster river falls. The ice was not strong 
enough to haul the powder and heavy guns on sleds by unloading it from the 
gondolas. This ends the first part of the story of Durham men in the 




Durham men did valuable service on the battlefields and in the councils 
of state during the eight years of the Revolutionary war. Their careers 
and services are finely set forth in the valuable history of Durham by the 
Rev. E. S. Stackpole and Col. Leucien Thompson, recently published, so 
only a brief of what was done can be given here; those who want to know 
more in this regard are respectfully referred to the first volume of Stackpole 
and Thompson's history. 

The Durham men who held high positions in the arniy were Gen. 
John Sullivan, Col. Alexander Scammell and Col. Winborn Adams. The 
two last named lost their lives in the service; Colonel Adams in 1777 at the 
battle of Stillwater, New York, and Colonel Scammell in 1781, Sept. 30th, 
at the siege of Yorktown, Va. At the Fort William and Mary overt act of 
war against the Crown, Sullivan was a young man of 34 years ; Scammell 
was 28. He had graduated from Harvard College when he was 23 years old ; 
then taught school a year ; then came to Portsmouth, N. H., and was in the 
employ of Gox'ernor Wentworth, making surveys of his Wolfeborough land 
estate where he established his summer residence and planned great things 
for that section of New Hampshire around Lake Winnepesaukee which he 
would have carried out if the war had not changed the course of events 
in his life. The Governor had Scammell make data for a map of his prov- 
ince and mark the broad arrow on the best pine trees he found in the forests, 
for future use in the King's Navy. In 1772 he concluded he had had enough 
of forest survey work with Governor Wentworth and came up to Durham 
and comitienced studying law with Maj. John Sullivan, that being the 
military title then of the future general, as he was an officer in a militia regi- 
ment ; ■ and being a law student he went down to Portsmouth with the 
Major and helped bring the powder and guns up to Durham. He had nearly 
completed his law studies and so, when Sullivan was elected delegate to the 



Continental Congress in 1775, Scammell took charge of the law business at 
Durham and carried it on until there was more call for war than for law. 
When his preceptor was appointed Major-General in the ContinentcJ Army 
July 29, 1776, he had Scammell appointed Brigade-Major, and the law office 
at Durham was closed, and remained closed three years, when the General 
resigned in 1779. at the close of his hrilliant Indian campaign in Central New 
York, and came home and opened it to earn some clotiiing for himself and 
family, and provide them with the needed bread and butter. At one period 
in his military campaigns he said he had not money enough to buy a much 
needed new suit of clothes for military use. Scanimel served with General 
Sullivan in the battle of Long Island and of Trenton and Princeton. In 
1777 he took command of the Third New Hampshire Regiment of the Amer- 
ican Army, having been appointed on the roth of December, 1776. His regi- 
ment was ordered to re-enforce the Northern Army under Gen Horatio 
Gates. In that campaign he was notably active and efficient and was wounded 
at Saratoga. In 1778 he was appointed adjutant-general of the army and 
became a member of General Washington's military family. He held that 
office until .Marcli. 17S1. when he was given command of the First Regiment, 
New Hampshire Regulars, General Joseph Cilley having retired, after holding 
command of it from the beginning of the war. He went South with his 
regiment, under command of General Washington, and took an active part in 
the siege of Yorktown, on the 30th of September, 1781, he was reconnoitering 
the enemy's position and was captured by Hessian dragoons, and wounded 
after he surrendered. On request of General Washington, who was deeply 
grieved at the news, Comwallis permitted him to l)e taken to Williamsburg 
for treatment, where he soon after died. Colonel Scammell was an accom- 
plished scholar; an eloquent speaker; a brave officer, sans peitr et sans re- 
proche. Durham farmers very thoughtfully and properly have named their 
grange, "Scammell Grange." 

John Sullivan, son of the famous school master John Sullivan of Som- 
ersworth, N. H., whose wife, Margery Brown, was equally noted, was born 
at what is now known as Rollinsford Junction, Feb. 17, 1740; it was then 
the Parish of Summersworth in Dover. The cyclopedias of American biog- 
raphy say he was bom in Berwick, Me., which statement is incorrect. Mas- 
ter Sullivan gave his son an education equal to most of the graduates of 
Harvard College at that time. Later he studied law and opened his law 
offices in Durham. In 1772 he was appointed Major of the militia, receiv- 
ing his commission from Go\'. John Wentworth. against whom he rebelled, and 
committed treason against King George in December, 1774. He did not send 
in his resignation to Governor Wentworth, but converted his regiment in 


1775, into a regiment of patriots ready to fight for American rights. Fol- 
lowing is a brief of what he did for the glory of Durham and the success 
of the American cause. 

Durham held a town meeting, at the call of Col. John Wentworth of 
Somers^\•orth and elected Major Sullivan delegate to the provincial conven- 
tion held at Exeter early in 1775; the convention elected delegate to the Con- 
tinental Congress in Philadelphia; that Congress, in June, 1775 appointed him 
one of the eight Brigadier-Generals for the American army; General Sulli- 
van came to Cambridge with General Washington and was placed in com- 
mand of New Hampshire regiments at Winter Hill which command he held 
during the siege of Boston, except that he came to Portsmouth in the fall, 
October, and put the troops, there gathered, in proper array to keep the Brit- 
ish warships from coming up the river to Portsmouth, and then left the river 
ports in command of Colonel Wingate. When 2,000 Connecticut troops left 
him at Winter Hill in December, 1775 he came to New Hampshire and raised 
2,000 recruits to take their place; Durham sent a good number of his neigh- 
bors. General Washington complimented Sullivan's command at Winter 
Hill, during the siege, as being the best drilled, and kept in the best sanitary 
condition of any in the army around Boston. 

It was while he was in command of the forces at Winter Hill, watching 
the Britsh troops on Charlestown Neck that he wrote John Adams a strong 
letter in favor of having Congress declare independence at once. This letter 
was written Dec. 21, 1775, six months before Congress actually issued its 
Declaration. The British troops had just been throwing shot and shell across 
from Charlestown into his camp; he says: "Let me ask if we have anything 
to hope from his Majesty or his Ministers. Have we any encouragement 
from the people of Great Britain? Could they exert themselves more if we 
had shaken off the yoke and declared ourselves independent? Why then, 
in God's name, is it not done ? Whence arises this spirit of moderation ? this 
want of decision ? Do the members of your respectable body think that they 
will throw their shot and shells with more force than at present? Do they 
think the fate of Charlestown or Falmouth might have been worse, or the 
King's Proclamation more severe, if we had openly declared war? Could 
they have treated our prisoners worse had we been in open and avowed rebel- 
lion, than they do now?" 

When the enemy had been driven from Boston, March 17, 1776. General 
Sullivan with Washington's approval was assigned to our army in Canada. 
He went there via Lake Champlain and the Sorrel River. When he reached 
our army there, which was on its retreat from Quebec up the St. Lawrence 
River, he found it in a pitiable condition with the enemy in close pursuit. 


General Montgomery had been killed at Quebec, and IMaj.-Gen. John Thomas 
had been placed in command by Congress. On the retreat (General Thomas 
died, just previous to Sullivan's arrival, who then took command. This first 
move was to reenforce General St. Clair at Three Rivers, but that proved 
useless, as the force in pursuit numbered ten thousand while Sullivan, 
with the combined .American forces had ijut se\cn thousand, and half of 
them vvere sick with smallpox. The Americans were in imminent danger of 
being cut off from a chance to retreat. From this position, and under these 
conditions, with the enemy only two hours' march Ijehind him, Sullivan e.xtri- 
cated his little army with admirable skill. Not a sick man was left behind, 
and he saved all of his military impedimenta, and l)rought the whole force, 
the sick and the well, down Lake Chami)lain to Ticonderoga, where he 
relinquished the command to another. At his parting he received the hearty 
thanks of the men and officers for the way he had conductetl the awful 
retreat. Among those who signed the address were John Stark, Enoch 
Poor, James Reid. Anthony \\'ayne and Arthnr l^t Ciair. 

He was next assigned to duty on Long Island, mil far from Xcw York, 
under General Greene and assisted in the erection of defenses. General 
Greene being taken sick. General Putnam was assigned to command, with 
Sullivan and Lord Stirling as subordinates. The battle of Long Island 
occurred Aug. 27. The enemy numliered four times the .American forces, 
and the Americans could not prevent defeat. 

Sullivan next was engaged in the campaign in New Jersey and by the 
skilful movement of his forces he enabled A\'^ashington to make that brilliant 
movement upon Trenton, Dec. 26, 1776. At the crossing of the Delaware 
Sullivan was in command of the right wing, and Greene, with Washington 
present, in command of the left. The march was in a storm of snow and 
sleet. Sullivan sent word to \\'ashington that the ammunition was thoroughly 
wet and asked what should l)e done. "Use the bayonet" was Washington's 
reply. That suited Sullivan and he dashed into Trenton, with John Stark 
in advance, overpowering all opposition and disposing his troops in such 
a manner as to prevent any escape on the right ; Greene's cooperation took 
care of the left, and the Hessians were captured. Eight days after tliis .Sulli- 
van with his troops captured Princeton, and nearly two hundred prisoners. 
He was stationed a while at Princeton, and kept close watch of the British 
movements. At the Brandyvvine, September 11. Sullivan commanded the 
right wing of Washington's ami}'. Sullivan's activity and skill were every- 
where visible, but he could not do the impossible. .At the battle of Gennan- 
town Oct. 4, 1777, General Sullivan led tvi'o divisions, and succeeded in the 


part assigned him, driving the enemy from their position ; it was not his fault 
that Washington was compelled to order a retreat. 

General Sullivan passed the winter in the sufferings of Valley Forge, but 
on the i/th of April, 1778, he was assigned to command of the army in Rhode 
Island, most of which was then lield by the British, w ho occupied a strongly 
fortified position at Newjiort. That Rhode Island campaign was not die 
success it was expected, because the French fleet did not perform its part 
of the programme. But Sullivan ended the campaign with what Lafayette 
declared to be one of the most hotly contested and best commanded battles 
during the war. Congress passed a resolution declaring '"that the retreat made 
by General Sullivan, with the troops under his command, from Rhode Island, 
was prudent, timely and well conducted, and that Congress highly approves 
the same, and that the thanks of Congress be given to Major-Genera! Sulli- 
van and to the officers and troops under his command for their fortitude and 
bravery displayed in the action of August 29, in which they repulsed the 
British forces and maintained the field." 

General Sullivan's last military campaign was the work of cha.stising the 
Indians in the Susquehanna \^alley, and of dealing a blow at their power 
which would guard the frontier settlements from such atrocities as had 
befallen Wyoming in the preceding year. British. Tories and Indians were 
in combination. The British Govemment was employing savages in this 
infamous warfare. Congress directed Washington to provide for the work 
of chastisement. His orders were severe; the country was to be laid waste. 
General Sullivan was given four brigades with artillery and riflemen. After 
cutting their way through the forests General Sullivan's forces came in con- 
tact with the enemy August 29, 1779. From that to the end of the campaign 
Sullivan carried out Washington's orders perfectly. Not a fruit-tree or a 
cornstock was left standing. Immense quantities of supplies were destroyed. 
Not a roof-tree was left from the Genesee Valley to the Susquehanna. Some 
writers have condemned his severity ; but they forget the murders of Wyom- 
ing Valley. In speaking of Sullivan's campaign Gen. Wm. T. Sherman 
said: "Washington gave General Sullivan orders to go there and punish 
the Six Nations for their cruel massacre in the Valley of the Wyoming, and 
to make it so severe that it would not occur again. And he did so. General 
Sullivan obeved his orders like a man and a soldier, and the result was, from 
that time forward, your people settled up these beautiful valleys." 

Durham men were with General Sullivan nearly all the time he was in 
the army, captains, lieutenants and private soldiers. Congress, Oct. 14, 
1779, adopted strong resolutions of thanks to General Washington for order- 
ing, and to General Sullivan and his brave officers and soldiers for effectually 


executing, the expedition. This was General SulHvan's last military service. 
On the 9th of November, 1779, he tendered his resignation to Congress. He 
gave as a reason the impairment of his health, and the advice of his physicians. 
He then lacked three months of being forty years old. 

Col. IVinborn Adams began his military service in June, 1775, when he 
was appointed captain to raise a company lor Cul. Enoch Poor's regiment, 
to consist of sixty able-bodied, effective men. There were eight companies 
in tliL- regiment: Benjamin Tilcoml) of Dover and Jonathan Wentwurth of 
Somersworth were two of the eight captains. On the 17th of June Captain 
Adams was ordered by the New Hampshire Committee of Safety "to march 
by the middle of next week to join the army at or near Cambridge in the 
Massachusetts Bay, there to receive further orders." The next day Colonel 
P^oor's w hole regiment was ordered to march to Cambridge. Captain Adams 
remained in the service as captain during the siege of Boston, being at Winter 
Hill under General Sullivan. Colonel Poor's regiment was known as the 
Second New Hampshire. In April, 1777 it was reorganized and the follow- 
ing were its officers : Col. Nathan Hale of Rendge ; Lieut.-Col. Winbom 
Adams, Durham; Maj. Benjamin Titcomb, Dover; Adjutant, William Elliot, 
Exeter. In July following Colonel Hale was taken prisoner in tlie battle of 
Long I<;!and and died while a prisoner. Previous to the reorganization 
Captain .\(lams had been promoted to Major in Col. George Reid's regiment. 
The reorganized regiment went to Northern New York and were in the 
retreat of the army from Lake Champlain in the summer of 1777 and in 
September and October were in the battles that preceded the surrender of 
Burgoyne October iS, at .Saratoga. As Colonel Hale was a prisoner, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Adams was in command of the regiment in the battle at 
Bemis' Heights, and during the engagement he was killed, 19th of September. 

Captain Adams' company which he enlisted and first commanded in the 
Second New Hampshire Regiment was made up largely of men of Durham 
and the towns around. Previous to entering the army he kept a public house 
at Durham, opposite where the Sullivan Monument now stands. His wife 
was Sarah Bartlett. sister of Col. Thomas Bartlett of Nottingham, a very 
accomplished and excellent woman. After he entered the army Mrs. Adams 
continued to keep the tavern open for a few years, and it maintained a repu- 
tation for first class service. This was on the route of travel of the soldiers 
from Dover, Somersworth, Berwick and other towns in Maine, when they 
were on the march for Boston and beyond. And they always made a halt 
when they climbed the hill from Oyster River Falls to Madam Adams' Inn. 
They always regarded it as honoring Colonel .\dams who had gi\en up his 
life in the cause of American independence, as well as honoring and aiding 


Mrs. Adams. In 1780, the General Assembly of New Hampshire, in accord- 
ance with the resolves of Congress, granted her a pension of one-half of her 
husband's pay. 

Col. Hercules Mooney, w ho has already been mentioned as a schoolmaster 
in the Parish of Summersworth in Dover, was a resident of Durham and 
schoolmaster there for a number of years after 1750, and has a good war 
record in the Revolution. He had two sons, Benjamin and John, who were 
soldiers at times during the war, the former being lieutenant of a company. 
The record of Colonel Mooney and his sons is good from beginning to end. 

Col. Thomas Task was a prominent resident of Durham for a number of 
years and had a good war record in the French and Indian wars first preced- 
ing the Revolution. At a special meeting of the Council and Assembly of 
New Hampshire held Sept. 14, 1776, to consider the matter of raising more 
men to reenforce the army in New York, at which it was "voted that there 
be raised in this State one thousand men, officers included, to reenforce' the 
army of the United States of America at New York, to be divided into two 
regiments, eight companies to a regiment, to be in the service until the first 
of December next unless sooner discharged." 

In accordance with that, Sept. 17, Thomas Tash of Durham, an old 
French war officer was appointed to the command of the first regiment, the 
field and staff officers of whicii were as follows : — Colonel, Thomas Tash, 
Durham: lieutenant colonel, Joseph Welch, Plaistow ; major, William Gregg, 
Londonderry; surgeon, John Cook; adjutant, Joseph Smith, Durham; quarter 
master, Jonathan Chesley, Bamstead. There were quite a number of Dur- 
ham men private soldiers in this regiment. In this connection it seems per- 
tinent to state that in the last half of the year 1776, New Hampshire had 
three regiments in the regular or Continental army under General Washington, 
viz., Stark's, Poor's and Reid's; a regiment in the Canada service under Col. 
Timothy Bedell; Col. Pierse Long's regiment, which was stationed for the 
defense of Pasquataque harbor until it marched to reenforce the garrison at 
Ticonderoga in February, 1777; and in addition furnished four regiments of 
militia as reenforcements, viz., Wyman and Wingate's in July and August, 
Tash's and Baldwin's in "September and Gilman's in December. 

New Hampshire troops participated in the battle at Trenton and Princeton 
and honored themselves and the State by their bravery and good conduct. 
Durham men did their share of brave work. But it was not wholly in the 
field service that Durham men were active and influential leaders; in the 
committee of safety, in the Council and in the Assembly they were among 
the leaders. 

Judge Ebeneser Thompson, a neighbor of Gen. John Sullivan and Col. 


W'inborn Adams, and Col. Alexander Scaniniell, and Col. Thomas Tasli, and 
Col. Hercules Mooney. He was a (lescciulaiit of one of the old families of 
that town, son of Robert and buioanHi i Thompson. He was born March 5, 
1737-8; lie died suddenly .\ugust 14, 180J. His father i;^a\e him a good 
education and he studied medicine when a young man but does not ai)|>ear 
to have practiceil that profession much as his time was tou nuich taken up 
in other directions. He built the house and li\ed wiiere iiis great-great 
grandson, Col. Lucien Thompson, lives in Durliani. not far from tlie State 
College, which house has remained in possession of iiis descendants ever 
since. Governor William I'lumer in his biographical sketch of Judge Thomp- 
son says: "He was esteemed a good physician, but as iiis talents qualified iiim 
for ofifice the people required his service, and he yielded prompt obedience 
to their will." 

He was selectman of Durham in 1765; he was Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the province in 1766, and served continuously for ten years, 
to 1776, when the Provincial j\sseml)ly ceased to exist, and the Colonial or 
State Assembly took its place. He was a prominent member of the House and 
took a decided stand for the rights of the people. Governor Wentwortli ap- 
pointed him justice of the peace to May 10. 1773, for Strafford county, when 
the county was organized, and he held the office continually until his death. In 
the Assembly records he is called "Dr. Tliompson" and is called one of the prin- 
cipal leaders of the House. His name has tlie signal honor of being connected 
with the very last act of the Royal Government in Xew Hampshire. This 
was in June, 1775, when the House of Rei)rescntatives voted not to receive 
three members from Grafton county, who had been "sent by \irtue of the 
king's writ only," from towns which had not heretofore had that privilege, 
and without the concurrence of other branches of the Legislature. Tiiis was 
considered as "a breach of the spirit and design of the constitution, and 
pregnant with alarming consequences." Governor Wentworth entered a vig- 
orous protest and demanded a repeal of the vote of exclusion and lea\c the 
three members free to take their seats. The same day, July 14, 1775. tlie 
House voted that Captain Langdon, Colonel Rartlctt. Doctor Thompson and 
Mishech ^^'eare be appointed to prepare an answer tn his excellency's mes- 
sage. Their reply, refusing to rescind the vote and giving the reasons, was 
so unsatisfactory to Governor Wentworth that he immediately ordered the 
House to adjourn. This was July 15, 1775, and the General .\s.sembly of the 
Provincial Government never met again. 

Doctor Thompson was member from Durham in all of the five conven- 
tions called "Congresses," the seven held at Exeter during the year 1775, 
and was an active member. At the opening of the Second Provincial Con- 


gress at Exeter, January 25, 1775, Ebenezer Thompson was, by vote of the 
delegates, chosen one of the committee of seven with power "to call a Pro- 
vincial Convention of deputies when they shall judge the exegencies of pulj- 
lic affairs shall require it." This was first called Committee of Correspondence 
but is known in New Hampshire history "The Committee of Safety," and 
they were practically the ruling power during the Revolution, acting for tlie 
Assembly wlien not in session. 

This committee met at Thompson's house in Durham on April 20th and 
issued a call for a convention to be held at Exeter immediately, and the next 
day sixty-six members assembled there. Ebenezer Thompson was chosen 
clerk of the convention, and the same day appointed one of the committee to 
reply to the Massachusetts Congress about the needs of the country, \^'^hen 
Theodore Atkinson, former provincial secretary of the province, tendered his 
resignation to the Fourth Provincial Congress in 1775, and delivered up the 
provincial records to a committee which was sent to receive them, Ebenezer 
Thompson, Esq.. was appointed in his place. And after the organization of a 
State Government changing from a province to a state in the "United States 
of America" he was the first to hold the office of Secretary of State of New 
Hampshire and e\ ery succeeding year he was reappointed by the Legislature 
until June, 1786 — eleven years. He was clerk of the Senate from 1776 
until 17S6. 

y\s regards the Committee of Safety, sometimes called the "Little Con- 
gress," Ebenezer Thompson was a member from the beginning during the 
most critical period of the Revolution — that is, from 1775 till 1781, when 
the war was \irtually over. The number first appointed on May 20, 1775, 
consisted of Josiah Bartlett, Matthew Thornton, Nathaniel Folsom, Ebenezer 
Thompson and William \\'hipple ; but the number was afterwards increased 
and varied from year to year. Ebenezer Thompson was always secretary 
of this committee while he was a memljer. and fre(|uently chairman pro tciii. 
At the same time he belonged in Durham, to the town Committee of Safety, 
of Correspondence and of Inspection. During some part of the time Dur- 
ham had another member on the Committee of Safety, Hon. John Smith, 
who has an honorable record as a patriot and for efficiency in managing the 
affairs of government in the state. 

Mr. Thompson was the first Representative elected in Durham to attend 
the first Assembly or Legislature under the State Government, and he was 
one of the committee appointed "to draw up a plan for the government of 
the Colony of New Hampshire during the contest with Great Britain;" on 
the 28th of December, 1775, he was one of the five men chosen "to form the 
plan of constitution for the rule of the government of the colony." At 


one of the preceding Congresses the name had been changed from "province" 
to "colony" to make it uniform w itli the form used by the other twelve "col- 
onies." On Jan. 9, 1776, he was chosen one of a committee of six "to 
revise the system of laws lately in force in this colony, and to reixjrt what 
alterations, additions and amendments are necessary to be made in our pres- 
ent circumstances for guidance of the executive officers of the Go\ernment." 
This new fonn introduced the Council which has continued to the present 
time and lias the power of confirming or rejecting appointments made by 
the Governor. The first Council consisted of twelve members and was 
appointed Jan. 6, 1776, and Mr. Thompson was one of the number. At 
first and during the Revolutionary period, the Council constituted a kind of 
senatorial body, which together with tlie House of Representatives made 
the laws and governed the state for several years. Up to Jan. 26, 1776, 
Mr. Thompson liad held the commission of justice of the peace by appoint- 
ment by Governor Wentworth ; on that day, together with other members of 
the Council, he was appointed justice of the peace and quorum throughout 
the state. 

The records show that Ebenezer Thompson ser\ed on a great many 
important occasions for the success of the American cause and the welfare 
of the State of New Hamp.shire. For example, Jan. 22, 1778, Ebenezer 
Thompson and Nathaniel Peabody were appointed commissioners to New 
Haven to meet delegates from other states for the purpose of deciding some 
questions of national economy, such as the regulation of prices, then daily 
rising in conseciuence of the rapid depreciation of the currency. 

In the celebrated controversy about "New Hampshire Grants," which had 
been made by Gov. Benning Wentworth on both sides of the Connecticut 
river, Ebenezer Thompson was appointed agent of the state to confer with 
a committee sent to that territory by the Continental Congress. New York 
claimed its boundary line extended to the Connecticut river and took in all of 
Vermont, on the ground that it was included in a grant of Charless II to his 
brother, the Duke of Y'ork. The settlers themselves did not wish to belong 
to either New Hampshire or New York. They asked to be recognized as a 
separate state, and to be admitted into the Federal Union under the name 
of Vermont. This led to bitter controversy with New York, whose influ- 
ence prevented Vermont from being admitted until 1791. Vermont wanted 
not only the towns along the western bank of the Connecticut which Gov- 
ernor Wentworth had granted, but also the towns along the eastern bank of the 
river which are now and were then New Hampshire towns. So this com- 
mittee of which Ebenezer Thompson was a member, was instructed to draw 
up a remonstrance to the Congress at Philadelphia against the proceedings in 


Vermont in "taking into union a certain number of towns on the New Hamp- 
shire frontier, and inviting others to revolt from the state, as an infringe- 
ment on the Confederacy of tlie United States and the special rights of New 
Hampshire, and desiring Congress to grant some order thereon "to prevent 
efifusion of blood." June 26, 1779, it was voted "that the Hon. Ebenezer 
Thompson be and hereby is chosen in behalf of this state to repair to the 
New Hampshire grants and that he be instructed to confer with the Commit- 
tee of Congress, and lay before it the nature and origin of the difficulty, and 
the action of the General Assembly, and to answer any matters touching the 
dispute." Mr. Thompson perfonned the duties thus conferred upon him 
and successfully prevented civil war along the Connecticut river. The mat- 
ter was finally referred to Congress, which, Aug. 20, 1781, declared to 
Vermont that it would be an indispensable preliminary to her admission into 
the Union to renounce all jurisdiction east of the Connecticut river. To this, 
after some opposition, consent was finally given ; but the dispute with New 
York was not settled till 1791, when, on the i8th of February, Vermont was, 
with the consent of all the states, admitted into the Union. 

It has been justly remarked, by one who is thoroughly acquainted with 
the records of New Hampshire, that Ebenezer Thompson, during the Revo- 
lutionary period, "was appointed on more legislative committees to inquire 
into and report on matters of disputes between towns, etc., than any of his 
contemporaries, especially committees which were authorized to sit when the 
Legislature was not in session." 

At a town meeting in Durham, April 2, 1778, it was voted "that the 
Hon. Ebenezer Thompson, Esq., be and is hereby appointed to attend the 
convention at Concord — for the forming and laying a permanent plan or sys- 
tem of government for the future happiness and well being of the people of 
the state, and pass any vote or votes thereunto that may be deemed expe- 
dient." Mr. Thompson accepted the office and was the delegate from Dur- 
ham in 1778 and 1779, and was chosen secretary of the convention. 

Aug. 14, 1778, he was appointed one of the Representatives of New 
Hampshire to the Continental Congress at Philadelphia for one year; but 
he declined the appointment. This closes the notice of Mr. Thompson's 
career during the Revolution. It must not be supposed by the reader that 
Mr. Thompson was the only man in Durham who rendered service to the 
American cause of independence in the performance of duties other than in 
the army. No, there are several of this class, but mention of them cannot 
be here made to any extent. But what has been given shows that Durham 
was one of the important centers of influence in both departments of the 


Perhaps it may be a matter of interest to the general reader to give a 
brief of Judge Thompson's career in the post-revohitionary period. After 
the orgjuiization of the courts of law under the constitution of the state in 
1783, he was appointed clerk of the Court of Common Pleas in the county of 
Strafford, which office he held till September, 1787, when it was given to 
his son Benjamin. In 1786 and 1787 he was Representative of Durham at 
the General Assembly. He was again chosen member of the Executive 
Council in 1787 for one year, and State Senator in 1787 and 1788. On the 
7th of September, 1787, he was a])]K:)iiited justice of the i)eace of tlie Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas for Strafford county, whickh office he held till April, 
1795, when he accepted the appointment of justice of the Superior Court of 
Judicature. Governor Plunier says : "This office required so much time and 
travel tiiat it fatigued him. and in the spring of 1796 he resigned it." The 
roads were hard to travel in those days and the means of conveyance were 
very wearisome. But he was pennitted to l:)e idle. May 12, 1796, he was 
judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the county of Strafford, the duties 
of which did not require wearisome travel, and he held that office until his 
death in 1802. Altogether, he was a judge for more than fifteen years. 

Judge Thompson had the honor of belonging to the college of Presi- 
dential Electors of New Hampshire when George Washington was first 
chosen President of the United States, and was likewise appointed to that 
trust at the three following elections, 1792, 1796, and 1800, giving his first 
vote for Washington and Adams, and afterwards for Adams and Pinckney. 
He was also a member of the Constitutional Convention held in Concord, 
1791-1792, and as Governor Plunier says, "took an active and efficient part 
in that business." 

Judge Thompson in Strafford county, in 1794 received 845 votes for 
Governor in opposition to John Taylor Gilnian ; in his own town of Durham 
he received 178 votes to 10 for Gilman. 

Governor Plumer of Epping who was personally acquainted with Judge 
Thompson, wrote a biographical sketch of him which is now in ])ossession 
of the New Hampshire Historical Society. In it he speaks of tlie judge in 
very complimentary terms. He says : "From a long and intimate acquaintance 
with him I know he was a man of much reading and general information. 
His manners were simple, plain and unassuming. He had a strong aversion 
to extravagance and parade of every kind. I'sefulness was the object 
of all liis pursuits, both in relation to himself and the public. 

"As a legislator he was industrious, efficient and u.seful. Though he was 
not an eloquent or graceful speaker, his arguments were clear and logical, 
concise, and confined to the subject, and his influence in popular assemblies 


was great. In party politics he was a steady and undeviating Federalist. 
As Secretary of State, he was attentive and faithful to his trust. Though 
he was not a lawyer, yet he appeared to advantage." 

Judge Thompson died suddenly Aug. 14, 1802, in the sixty-fifth year 
of his age. After dining at home with a gentleman from a neighboring 
town, he withdrew with his client to the so-called "hall room," and soon after, 
while sitting there, book in hand, he fell from his chair and instantly expired. 




Durham, as long as it was the parish of Oyster river in Dover, had a very 
intelligent and active class of citizens. The men were kept busy lumbering 
and fishing. They had to 1)e hiiiil)cnncn first of all to get ground cleared 
on which to i>lant crops on whicli tu sul)sist. They were fishermen because 
the rivers and bays were full of fish of various kinds at different seasons of the 
year, and it was profitable to catch and cure tiieni for tlic iuiglish and other 
markets. Their farming was confined to enough cleared land to raise crops 
for home use, and to provide grazing for their cattle and other animals. 
Salt marshes were esteemed of great value because no trees grew there but 
plenty of grass. 

The river was called "Oyster river" by the English settlers because they 
found in the mud beds along the channel a great supply of excellent oysters, 
and the households had all they wanted for family use by simply going to 
the oyster beds and digging up the bivalves. The Indians, for ages I>efore 
the white men came, had known of tliese oyster beds and came there in the 
season for them and had feasts and dancing and a general good time. 
Descendants of this ancient "first settlers" in the oyster l)eds in the river 
and Little Bay are still living there, although not much used in the later century. 

Just when and where the first ship was built is not on record, but it was 
at a very early period. The first inliabitants .did mpst of their travel by 
water and they built their own boats in which to make tlie journeys. They 
had i>lenty of good lumber for the purpose, and ship carpenters, who had 
learned their trade in the old country, and could build boats or ships as the 
market demanded. The ships were not very large, but they had sufificient 
capacity to carry lumber to all parts of the civilized world : and there were 
sailors who could and did sail them to all points. Everybcxly was busy, 
and prospered, as prosperity was then rated. The fishing business gave 
employment to quite a lot of men in the season for cati'hing fish, and later 
carried their cargoes to foreign ports. 



In 1/94 the bridge was built across the Pascataqua river, and soon after 
the turnpike road was built from its terminus at Franklin City through 
Durham to Concord. This largely increased business at Durham village and 
all sorts of trades flourished there for half a century — lawyers, doctors, 
store keepers, tavern keepers, cabinet makers, clock makers, house carpenters 
(they called them joiners), tailors, boots and shoe makers, ship builders, 
school masters and school mistress. The writer of this has an eight-day 
clock, in a tall mahogany case, that was made at Durham in 1816, for his 
grandfather; the brass works were made in England and the case was made 
at Durham and the works fitted into it by an expert in the business. His 
name is not known now, but he was there for a numl>er of years and did a 
thriving business, '^'oung lawyers found Durham village a good place to 
"hang out their shingle" and make a good beginning record in their pro- 
fession. Some of New Hampshire's greatest lawyers made their beginning 
in Durham village. It was a good place for general trade; the store keepers 
waxed rich and some of their descendants are enjoying the Ijenefits of the 
fruit of their labor. When the turnpike road was in full swing the tavern 
keepers were kept busy in supplying the wants of the teamsters, and in caring 
for their teams that had come to market from the up-country towns. Most 
of these teams were oxen, three or four yoke to a team — big, strong, hand- 
some animals. No dull times then; everybody was busy, and Durham by 
men grew rich. 

They had schools and school masters and one school mistress, at least, 
Mary Sullivan, sister of Gen. John Sulli\'an, and the only daughter of 
Master John Sullivan, the famous teacher who educated about all the boys of 
Dover, Somersworth. Durham, Berwick, w'ho became distinguished in the 
Revolutionary period. In that family were five sons, all of whom were great 
men, and one daughter. She was bom in Somersworth in 1752; she grew 
to be tall and handsome, like her father, and inherited his fondness for 
books ; he gave her a first-class education at a time when girls were supposed 
to be well educated if they could write their names. Her brother John was 
twelve years older than she was. When he opened his law oflfice in Durham, 
his sister Mary came there ^nd lived with the family more or less and in due 
time she made the acquaintance of Theophilus Hardy, a business man, a 
resident of Durham, and married him. But for several years before mar- 
riage she was a school teacher in the village and won marked success. She 
was brilliant and attractive, mentally and socially. So far as is known she 
was the first woman who kept a school in Durham. Mr. and Mrs. Hardy 
resided in Durham village and had a fine family of children. One daughter 
married Edward Wells, Rsq. She was like her mother and grandfather. 


Master Jolin Sullivan. Her sons \von distinction, and manifested those 
strong traits of intellectual power of their Sullivan ancestors. One son, 
Samuel \\'ells, was governor of Maine two years, 1855-1856; another son, 
John Sullivan Wells, was the Democratic candidate for governor of New 
Hampshire in 1858, and lacked only fifty votes of an election by the [x;oplc, 
a majority being required; he was Attorney-General several years; United 
States Senator a short term ; Sjieaker of the House of the New Hampshire 
Legislature, and also President of the Senate. He was a great lawyer and 
a brilliant and fascinating public speaker, and one of the most popular men 
of his (democratic) party. Another brother, Joseph Bartlett Wells, was a 
distinguished lawyer in Illinois, where he was attorney general several years, 
and was lieutenant go\'ernor at the time of his death; had he lived he would 
probably have been promoted to go\ernor of the state. They were great 
grandsons of Master John and Margery (Brown) Sullivan. It is the tradi- 
tion that Margery Brown, when she was coming to New England in 1723, a 
girl of about ten years, some one asked her what she expected to do when she 
got over here; her answer was "l>ecome the mother of governors!" Her 
prophecy turned out to l)e true; two of her sons were governors, John in 
New Hampshire and James in Massachusetts, and a great-grandson was 
governor of Maine, and two other great-grandsons came very near being 
governors of states. Edward and Mary (Sullivan) Wells resided in Dur- 
ham, and that town has the credit of having been the birthplace of their four 
distingxiished sons; Samuel was bom in 1801 and John S. in 1803; the latter 
died in Exeter when he was fifty-seven years old; the former died in 
Boston when he was sixty-seven. They were born when Durham was in the 
height of its prosperity. 

June 24, 1840, the Boston & Maine Railroad was opened to Exeter; not 
long after that it reached Durham, and great business changes followed, 
consequent upon the opening of the new avenue for transportation of mer- 
chandise. Gradually Durham village became a quiet place; delightful for 
residence, but not for business. The old families lived on their accumulated 
wealth and took life easy. The giindalows that used to convey big loads of 
cord wood from Oyster Ri\er landing to Portsmouth, made voyages less fre- 
quent, till finally the business ceased. It paitl the farmers better to sell 
their wood to the railroad. So Durham led a quiet, delightful, dreamy life 
from 1841 to 1891, an even half century, when the New Hampshire College 
of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts was removed from Hanover, where it had 
been an annex of Dartmouth College, to Durham, and planted on Benjamin 
Thompson's "Warner Farm," which he gave to the college in his will, with 
a large fund of invested money, on certain conditions, which were complied 


with. The chang^e that lias followed in the score of years since then, would 
seem marvelous to the old teamsters who used to drive their ox teams over 
the turnpike road, along which now stand the beautiful and commodious 
college buildings, could the old fellows but return and take a look at them 
and the broad, green lawns, and the broad fields, under modern cultivation 
such as the "Warner" farmers never dreamed of. Who is the author of 
all this marvelous change in Durham village'' Benjamin Thompson. 

Benjamin Thompson was bom in Durham village in 1806 and died in 
1890. He was son of Benjamin and Mary (Pickering) Thompson, and 
grandson of Judge Ebenezer Thompson, of whom notice is given elsewhere. 
This grandson was educated in the common schools of Durham and the 
academy there, and in {he business activity of the village, which was at its 
height during his school-boy days. He was a fanner and inherited his 
father's residence in Durham village with neighboring land, a part of which 
was the so-called "\\'arner Farm," on which the college buildings are now 
located, and which was a part of the original grant by the town of Dover, of 
500 acres to Valentine Hill in 1652, at Oyster River. His father was an 
extensive farmer and kept a store in the village ; he owned several farms 
which he rented. Benjamin was his youngest and favorite son. When the 
son was not attending school he worked on the farm, "Warner Farm," and 
clerked in his father's store. In this way he learned the prices and value 
of things and accjuired a correct knowledge of keeping accounts ; when he 
became a man of twenty-two and his father gave him the Warner Farm, he 
had a thorough knowledge of fanning, as then conducted and of bookkeeping. 
His account books, now in existence, show how he did the work. During 
a few winters, when he was a young man, he kept district schools and was 
said to be a good school-master. None of the big boys ever got the better 
of him on occasions of discipline. When he was a young man every able- 
bodied man under fifty had to "train" in some militia company. Training 
days were great events; everybody turned out to see the soldiers. Benjamin 
Thompson was a first, or orderly sergeant and clerk in a Durham company 
company of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, Second Brigade and Second Division 
of New Hampshire ]\Iilitia. It does not appear that he attained any higher 
rank. Mr. Thompson did not aspire to militan,' honors or seek to hold 
public ofifice, and none of any account was gi\en him : his mind was made 
up in another direction. 

Benjamin Thompson commenced fanning on his own account in 1828, 
when he was twenty-two years old. His cash book and first ledger, from 
1828 to 1835, show that his fanning operations were quite extensi\'e, much 
help employed, at least three pairs of oxen kept, besides, cows, sheep, horses 


and swine, etc. He also liad an interest in a sawmill in which he not onl) 
sawed what Inmber he wanted for his own nse. bnt also used this mill tOr 
making cider and pressing hay. His ledger shows that among the sales 
from the farm were hay, wood, lumber, butter, cheese, apples, cider, \inegar, 
beef, pork, grain, etc. In fact all the farm hands he employed and there 
was quite a crew of them, were kept supplied with the necessaries of life, 
from rum and tobacco, to clothing, food, etc. He paid very little if any cash. 

Benjamin Thompson was the pioneer in raising fruit for the Boston 
market. ,\s early as 1837 he ])egan to set nut a]>i)le trees, which he imddcd 
or grafted himself. He claimed to be and no doubt was the lirst farmer 
in Durham who commenced tn raise the Baldwin apple; for many years *in 
succession he raised at least a hundred liarrels a year, and he so iiianaged 
as not to have any "off years" in the product. He knew how to do it. He 
personally attended to setting out the trees, and did the budding, grafting 
and trimming of them just when it was the proper time to do it. He was 
an exj^ert rider on horseback and did a great deal of traveling alx)ut his farm 
that way, overseeing the work; in fact he would trim apple trees sitting on 
his faithful horse, who knew the wishes of his master thoroughly. His tall 
spare fonn was a familiar sight in Durham village and about the farm ])rior 
to his becoming an octogenarian. Benjamin Thompson was a successful 
farmer, none better in Durham, which abounded in good farmers, until his 
health became so poor that he could not attend to the cares of active fami 
supervision. Being a bachelor his household expenses were not very large. 
Being a careful and far-seeing manager in farming and other business affairs 
his property constantly increased. His father, Benjamin Thompson, Sr., 
was a wealthy man ; when he died in 1838 he made his son Benjamin residuary 
legatee and executor; there were nine heirs; Benjamin was careful that the 
"residuary" part of the estate was not impaired by the settlements with the 
other eight heirs. Benjamin's mother died in October, 1849, leaving an 
estate valued at $8,000. There were six heirs, and some of them thought 
Benjamin claimed more than his share. Whether true or not considerable 
feeling ensued, and from remarks made at the time, the family understood 
that they never would receive a cent of Benjamin Thompson's property, when 
he had "passed on." And they did not. They did not know then what 
"Uncle Ben" was planning in his mind. Their judgment of him is different 

Just when Benjann'n Thompson began to i)lan to lay the foundation for 
an agricultural college on his farm is not know n ; he never told any one ; 
but in 1S58 he made his first will in which he provided for such a college 
and appointed executors. He was then fifty years old; in the providence of 


God he was to live thirty- four years more; he knew it not, of course, but he 
set his mind at work for that one object, be his own hfe long, or short of old 
age. He made codicils at different times slightly modifying the conditions 
of the trust. Daniel M. Christie, Esq., drew the will as Mr. Thompson 
directed, but its contents were not disclosed until his death, January 30, 1890. 
There were many surmises as to what "Uncle Ben" was going to do with 
his property; but no one surmised he was to convert Durham into a college 

Mr. Thompson kept quietly on his way; cared for his farm; raised big 
crops; sold at good prices, when the market was best for selling, and made 
good investments of his income. In this investment business he was a good 
judge himself, and he had an e.xtra good helper in the person of Hon. James 
F. Joy of Detroit, Mich., who had been born and brought up in Durham, 
and had been a school fellow with Mr. Thompson. Mr. Joy made many 
investments for Mr. Thompson, in the West, and they all paid him good 
income. In fact Mr. Thompson, so far as known, made only one bad invest- 
ment; that was in $30,cm30 in South Carolina state bonds, which the state 
afterward defaulted, and declined several times since then to pay. But the 
State of New Hamphire has this year (1913) made a new attempt to collect 
the debt; the result will be known after this writing is published. 

A public hearing was held at Concord, Feb. 11, 1901, before a special 
committee of the Legislature on the will of Benjamin. Mr. Joy, one of the 
executors of this will, and a cousin of the testator, addressed the meeting. 
He said Mr. Thompson was a careful, economical and prudent man. Some 
years l^efore that he formed the idea of giving his fortune to the State of 
New Hampshire to establish an agricultural college. Probably he was the 
first New Hampshire man who conceived such a college for the state. He 
felt that this state needed such a college. Mr. Joy suggested to him that his 
money might do good in some other way, but his reply was that there was 
no other purpose for which he could devote his money, which was earned 
by hard work, so well as by establishing an agricultural school to be located on 
his "Warner Fami" wherein should be thoroughly taught, both in the school- 
room and in the field, the theory and practice of that most useful and honor- 
able calling — fanning. He asked Mr. Joy to become an executor of his will 
and do all he could to have it carried out. Mr. Thompson told Mr. Joy he 
wanted the college located in Durham because that was his birthplace. He 
had two objects in view in his will — one that the state should have a perpetual 
fund for the support of the college and the other that the state should furnish 
funds for construction of the college buildings. At the time Mr. Thompson 


made his will he valued his property at $64,305. When the will was probated 
the property was rated at about $500,000. 

Benjamin Thompson was generous in other ways than in giving money 
to found an agricultural college. When the college was moved from Hanover 
to Durham in 1891, the citizens of the town had one of the best town libraries 
in New Hampshire, owned by a library association. Mr. Thompson was one 
of the founders and from year to year gave liberally for its support. He 
gave liberally to the church, and showed his generosity and helpfulness where 
help was needed. But he did not let others decide to what and in what way 
he should give. Benjamin Thompson's career stands in strong contrast with 
that of his illustrious grandfather, Judge Ebenezer Thompson, but if great- 
ness depends on doing things that produce beneficent and far-reaching results, 
tlien Benjamin Thompson certainly was a great man. 



Origin of the Name; Parish of Lee in Durham 

Localities in what is now the town of Lee began to be settled at a very 
early date. First the immigrants built their village on Dover Neck; soon 
they branched out along the rivers and Little Bay; they went up Oyster river; 
soon after up 'T_^mperele'' river, as they spelled it. and then across country 
between the two rivers, Dover claiming all the territory up to that river, Exeter 
having what was beyond. One of the chief points the enterprising men looked 
out to secure grants of were tlie water falls, for mill sites, and this section of 
old Dover, now Lee, had then and has now several excellent falls for use 
in generating power for mills. The lumber business was soon one of the 
most important and profitable. So Wadleigh's Falls, on Lamprey river, in 
that part of old Dover, now Lee, were granted by Massachusetts authorities 
to Samuel Symond of Ipswich, Mass., together with 640 acres of land (one 
square mile) of which he took possession June 3, 1657, in the presence and 
with tiie consent of Moharimet, the Indian sagamore of this region. But he 
did not hold it, as appears from the following in Dover Town Records. 

May 3, 1669, Robert Wadleigh was received as an inhabitant in Dover 
"according to ye tenure of the last inhabitant received." At the same time 
he received this grant of what has ever since been known as Wadleigh's Falls: 

At a general town meeting held at Do\er March 3. 1669, Given and 
granted unto Robert Wadleigh as accommodations for the erection and setting 
of a sawmill or mills at the uppermost falls uixjn Lamperele ri\'er, commonly 
called by ye name of ye Cleland falls ; with an accommodation of timljer there- 
unto belonging, ye bounds of ye timber are as follows: Yt is to say, all ye 
timber on ye south side above sd falls as farr as ye towns bounds doth goe, 
and on ye north side all ye timber yt is within of the River above ye sd falls 
as far as the Town bounds doth goe. with one hundred acres of land on ye 
south side of ye sd River and twenty acres of land on ye north side of ye 
river adjacent unto the .sd falls on both sides: all which falls, timber and land 
is granted unto ye sd Wadleigh and his heires, executors, administ. and 
assigns, provided it doth not intrench upon any former grant either in pt. or 
whole. In consideration of sd grant of falls, timber and land, the sd. Robt. 
Wadleigh dothe engage himself heires, executors and administr. to pay or 



cause to be paid unto the Tovvne of Dover the summ of tenn pounds per an. 
in nierchanta. pine bords at price currant at the ordinary' landing place on 
Lamperele River lower falls, as long as he or they do keepe possession there 
of wch paynmt is to begin the last of August next insueing this instant, to 
be made unto ye Selectmen of Dover or their order, and further it is agreed 
and ordered that if any pt. thereof be taken away liy any former grant then 
the town is to abate of the rate proportionally. And alsoe ye towne doth 
reserve free eagresse and Regresse for ye transportation of timber, either by 
land or water ; and ye Inhabitance have ye same Liberty in this grant as they 
have in other Mill grants. 

Hatevil Nutter, who had an interest in a former grant at or near the same 
place, entered his dissent to this grant, but Mr. Wadleigh held the title. He 
had a sawmill running there as early as April 21, 1668, and in 1669 his 
right was confirmed by Massachusetts. They are called the upper falls in 
Lamprey River in a sun^ey of Dover bounds in 1701. Ezekiel Gilman of 
Exeter conveyed to Samuel Doe, Nov. 9, 1730, "one sixteenth part of a 640- 
acre grant in Dover, at a place commonly called Wadley Falls upon Lamperell 
river lying on both sides of the river, formerly granted by the General Court 
of Boston to Samuel Symonds of Ipswich, deceased, which sixteenth part 
said Gilman had by deed from Robert Wadley Sept. i, 1730. Also one 
sixteenth part of the sawmill and dam upon Laperell river, at Wadley's Falls, 
with all privileges." These falls are in the southeast part of Lee. When a 
century had passed beyond this date the farm holdings had become quite 
numerous, and the famiers began to complain about having to travel to Dur- 
ham village to attend town meetings and especially religious services on the 
Lord's Day; they did not call it Sunday. After discussion a year or two, 
the following is the record of what was done in town meeting, as a result 
of neighborhood discussions : 

Province of Newhamp at a Publick Town meeting, (Legally Notified) 
held at the Meeting house at The Falls in Durham, on monday The Third 
day of September A. D. 1764 — Joseph Atkinson Esq was Chosen Moderator, 
for the well Regulating Said Meeting— A'^oted That There Should be a Com- 
mittee Chosen To Run a Line across Said Town of Durham, From Paul 
Chessley house, near madbury Line ; to the house of John Smart upon New- 
market Line being according to The Request of Sundry of The Lihabitants 
of Said Town, Requesting That ; all the upper or western end of Said Town, 
above the afores Line, may be voted, to be Sat of as a Parish — Voted That 
Leiu Joseph Sias, mr Miles Randel, and, mr Nicholas Duda of The Petitioners 
and Capt Benjamin Smith, Capt Stephen Jones, and Mr Thomas Chesley, 
of The Lower Part of The Town, be The persons, to be Employed as a 
Committee for The aforsd purpose — Voted, Likewise, That if the Said Com- 
mittee, Dont Think The Line i)etitioned for to be Suitable to fix any other 
Line They may Unanimously agree upon and make Report Thereof 


accordingly ro The town on The 24 Inst. The meeting adjourned To The 
24 day of September Instant, to 2 of the Clock in The afternoon. Met 
according to adjournment, Sept 24th and The Committee made The Fol- 
lowing Report in writing, under their hands. To the Town. 

Whereas, we The Subscribers, were Chosen, at a Publick Town meeting, 
of The Inhabitants of Durham, the 3d Inst To Run a Line, across Said 
Town, agreeable to a Petition, Exhibited to Said Town, by Sundry of the 
Inhabitants Requesting, the western part thereof, to be Sat of into a Parish, 
it was Likewise voted — That if we The Subscribers, Dont Think the Line 
Petitioned for proper, to fix Some Other Line, that we might agree upon, 
and make Report to the Town accordingly. Pursuant Thereto, we have Run 
the Line petitioned for, and indeavored to Veiw, and Inform ourselves, into 
the Circumstances of Said town, and Do Unanimously agree, That a Strait 
Line: Beginning one hundred and Twenty four Rods, above the Dwelling 
house, of paul Chesley, on madbury Line, and So to Run a Strait point across 
to Newmarket Line, to one mile and a half, above the Dwelling house, of 
John Smart may be a Suitable Line. 

N B it is the intent of the above Resolve, that the Line Fixed upon. 
Run from the house of paul Chesley, North 6 degrees East, to Madbury 
Line & then to Measure up 1 24 rods, by Said madbury Line. 
Stephen Jones Miles Randel ] 

Benjamin Smith Joseph Sias I Committee 

Nicholas Dudea Thomas Chesley ) 

The meeting adjourned, to the 8th day of October next, to 2 of the 
Clock in the afternoon. October 8tli met according to adjournment, and 
Voted That Capt Benjamin Smith And Leiut Joseph Sias, be appointed, a 
Committee, to draw a Vote in writing for the western part of the Town to 
Be Sat of as a parish and Bring it to the Town, at Some pul:ilick townmeet- 
ing — the Town meetting Dissoh-ed. 

November 18th 1765 — at a Publick Town meeting, (Legally Notified) 
of the Inhabitants of Durham, held this day at the falls in Durham — Joseph 
Atkinson Esqr Chosen moderator, for Said meeting — Capt Benjm Smith 
Esqr and Capt Joseph Sias Brought the following Vote to the Town in 
writing — That The western End of Said Town of Durham, be voted, to 
be Sat of as a parish, Agrcable to the Result or a Report of a Committee, 
(Chosen and appointed for that puqjose) and Brought into Publick Town 
meeting, the 24th day ,of Septr 1764 — with this addition, thereto, that the 
Said parish, (when an act may be Obtained for that Purpose), Shall take 
Their proportionable Part of the poor now Supported by the whole town, 
and Likewise That the Said parish Shall not in any Respect Interfere with 
any Lands belonging to the proprietors in Said Town — Voted, that the 
above vote, Brought by Capts Smith and Sias, is agreeable to the Sense of 
the Town, and that it be Recorded accordingly. 

The above, & within, are True Coppyes, as on Durham Town Records. 

attest — Ebenr Thompson T Cler 



As a result of that meeting a petition for a division of the town was pre- 
sented as follows : 

Province of New HampV To his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esqr 
Governor and Commander in Chief in and over his majesty's Province of 
New- Hampshire to the Honourable his majestys Counsel and the House 
of Representatives in General assembly Convened — The Petition of Sundry 
of the Inhabitants of Durham most humbly Sheweth That in said Town of 
Durham there are Inhabitants Sufficient for two Parishes and to maintain 
and support the Charge thereof That many of the Inhabitants live more 
then Eight miles from the Place of Publick Worship and where all Town 
meetings and the Publick of Affairs are holden and Transacted which Ren- 
ders it very Difificult for them to Attend there at any time but more Espe- 
cially in the winter Season that the Consequence thereof it is Probable will 
be that many of the Youth in said Town will be brought up in great Igno- 
rance unless the Difficulties be removed and the Petitioners are in a great 
measure prevented the use of their Privilidges in their present Situation — 
Wherefore your Petitioners most humbly pray your, Excellency and Honours, 
that there may be two Parishes in said Town and that the Dividing Line 
between the Two Parishes Beginning at Paul Chesles house at Beech Hill 
so (Called) then North Six Degrees East to the line Between said Durham 
and Medbury then running w'esterly on said line one hundred and twenty 
four rods then Beginning and Running from thence to New Market line 
to one mile and half above the Dwelling House of John Smart which Line 
was agreed upon by a Committee Chosen by the Said Town of Durham in 
the year one thousand Seven hundred and Sixty four and Voted in Publick 
Town meeting and so to Include the whole of said Durham above this line 
We therefore humbly pray your Excellency and your Honours to take our 
Case into your wise Considerations and Set said Parish oft' by said Line 
with the Powers and Privilidges of Other Towns or Parishes in this Prov- 
ince and your Petitioners as in Dut}- bound shall Ever pray 

Dated at Durham November i8th 1765 

Hercules Mooney 
Gideon Mathes 
Wintrhop Durgin 
Elijah Denbo 
Samuel Jackson 
Joseph Thomson 
James Hall 
Jonathan runnels 
Samuel pitman 
John follett 
Benjamin Bradly 
Joseph Jackson 
Josiah Johnson 
Timothy Davis 
thomas Yourk 

stoten tutle 
Miles Randal 
Samuel Langley 
Moses Davis Junr 
Willm Waymoth 
James Davis 
Hanary tufts 
nathanel Watson 
Andew watson 
Isaac Small • 
Joseph Hicks 
John Sanborn 
Edward Plill 
Thomas Snell 
Eli Clark Juner 

Eben Randel 
Micah Emerson 
Joseph Clark 
Joseph Sias 
John Elliot 
Josua Woodman 

John Giles 
Joseph meder 
Thomas Huckins 
Nicholas Duda 
Eben Lethers 
William Renely 
francis Eliot 
Benjamin Bickford 



mason Rendel 
Joseph Clay 
Nathaniel Stevens 

Bartholomew Smart 
Nichole Tiittel 
Samuel Burley 
Nathaniel Randal 
Reubin Hill 
Clement Davis 
James \\"atson 
Nathaniel frost 
Samuel watson 
Josiah Durgin 
John Durgin 
John Shaw 
Benjamin Woodman 
Samuel Sias 
David munsey 

Moses Dam 
joseh doe 
Benja Durgin 
Ebn Jones Juner 
Isarel Randel 
Francis Durgin 
Joshua Jjurnam 
Samuel Carter 
Thomas huckins jr 
Solomon Sias 
frances Allen 
William Cashey 
Edweard Scales 
Samuel bickford 
william Rendel 
Job Runels 
John Clark 
David Davis 
Gorge tutle 
Jonathan Stevens 

Zaccheus Clough 
John Davis 
James Giles Bunker 
Robert York 
Jonathan Stevens 
Ebenezer Dow jun 
Nathaniel Watson Jur 
Joseph Huckins 
John Shaw Junr 
Ichabod Denbow 
Thomas W'ille 
John Snell 
Eli Clark 
hunkin Dam 
Thomas Noble 
Ebenezer Jones 
Nathel Sias 
Nathaniel Stevens 

Benja Clark 

In the above petition for a parish no mention is anywhere made of a 
name for it ; the petitioners simply say they wish to be set off from Durham 
as a parish, and Durham had given its consent. How then did the parish get 
the name of Lee? Governor Benning Wentworth gave it the name, just as 
he did the name of many other towns that were granted under his adminis- 
tration. And he selected the names from places in England, where he had 
friends, or with which he was acquainted. He selected Li-c^ on the River Lee, 
in London. There was no particular reason for it; he simply so named the 
parish, which in fact was a town. 

The Journal of the House (New Hampshire Provincial Assembly) 
Wednesday Jan. 15, 1766, A. M., has the following: 

A message was sent to the Council by the Clerk of the House to Enquire 
what Acts had passed the Council and were consented to by the Governour. 

P. M. In answer to the message to the Council by the Clerk in the 
forenoon, Mr. Secretary (Theodore Atkinson) came down and informed 
that the following Acts were consentetl to by the Governour (Benning Went- 
worth) viz: 

For a new Parish in Durham. 

To enable the Treasurer to recover debts. 

To revive the Proprietary Act. 

To enable the Selectmen to exchange Roads. 

To enable inhabitants to call town-meetings. 

To make void fraudulent deed. 

To enable Peabody & Shepard to sell land. 

To dissolve the marriage of Saml Smallcom. 


The records from Jan. 15 to Jan. 23, 1766, are missing, but on January 
1 6th the act for a new parish of Lee became law, as on Friday, Jan. 10, 1766, 
the House had passed an "Act for incorporating a new Parish in Durham," 
according to the Journal for that day. In that act the parish is called "Lee." 
The petitioners did not ask to have it named Lee ; they did not mention any 
name for it. So Governor Benning Wentworth gave it a name ; he called it 
Lee, as has been previously explained. 



The first business after obtaining the charter from Gov. Benning \\"ent- 
worth was organizing the parish, or town machinery. The chief settlement 
in the new town was at Lcc Hill, as it has been called since Governor W'ent- 
worth named the town; before that it was The Hill, where five roads center, 
since they had roads leading to different sections of the town. Quite a 
hamlet was gathered there before Durham became a town in 1732, and 
farms began to be settled around it. Who built the first house there the 
writer cannot say. But they had a meeting house there and a minister ready 
for establishing the new parish in 1766. Lee Parish was incorporated Jan. 
16, 1766, which act of incorporation authorized Joseph Sias to call the first 
parish or town meeting; he issued the call for March i8th, and they organ- 
ized by choosing Miles Randall for moderator and clerk; Robet Thompson, 
Ely Clark and Nicholas Dudy, selectmen. Among other business it was 
voted "that Zacheus Clough inspect into the affairs of Rev. Samuel Hutchins." 
Mr. Hutchins was the minister when the town was incorporated. Mr. Clough 
attended to the duty assigned him and reported Mr. Hutchins' "affairs" 
satisfactory, and it was voted to continue him as minister for the town. He 
so continued until about 1800. His successor was the Rev. John Osborne. 

The town lines are straight, but at their meeting form a variety of angles ; 
it has one pond and three rivers. Wheelwright's pond is near the center 
of the west side of the town and is the source of Oyster river freshet — that 
is, the fresh water part of Oyster river. On it is one fall where a sawmill 
was located at a very early period. As the county was one vast forest the first 
thing to do was to build a sawmill at every waterfall and begin sawing lumber. 
• The territory about these falls near the pond was covered with very tall, white 
pine trees, and many of them were cut for masts for the King's navy and 
merchant ships. More than two hundred and twenty-five years ago (1913) 
it had the local name Nezvtonm, which it has retained to the present time. 
The Dover records speak of a highway laid out in 1688 from the head of 



Beard's creek, near the Woodman garrison, to Nczv Tozi'ii. The name itself 
impHes settlement there at that time, and they had a sawmill at the falls 
called Nezv Tozen Mill. Belknap states in his liistory, in 1712, this mill was 
bnrned by the Indians, and with the mill they burned a large lot of boards. 
But it was soon rebuilt and tlu frontiersmen kept on sawing boards, regardless 
of the Indians. 

Who received the first grant of land there the writer does not know; nor 
why the locality was called Nczv Town ; probably it was some freak notion 
or fancy of the first kunberman, who was under the necessity of giving 
the locality some name in order to locate his timber grant, in a particular part 
of old Dox'er. On Oct. 17, 1663, 250 j-ears ago ( 1913), Patrick Jemison 
received a grant of 120 acres about a mile and a half from Wheelwright's 
pond, down the river on both sides; that included the falls. May 31, 1721, 
sixty acres of this grant were laid out to Capt. Samuel Emerson, and in 
describing the bounds it says "beginning below Nczvtozi'n Orchard, at a 
red oak on the south side of Oyster Ri\-er." That shows the place had 
been settled a long time and had an orchard. Captain Emerson bought 
it of John Webster and wife Bridget, of Salisbury, Mass. Webster sold 
the other half (of the Jemison or Jameson grant) to Nathaniel Randall 
Jan. 2y, 1719-20. And this was alongside of the Mast Path leading through 
Madbury to Dover at Wingate's slip, on Back river. 

The Ncziiozi'H Mill was owned by several persons who owned shares at 
the same time, and the owners took turns in using the mill in the flood season 
of the year in sawing each his quota of time there would be a good supply of 
water to run the saw. For example, when an inventory of the estate of 
Robert Huckins of Oyster River was taken April 23, 1720, it is noted that 
he owned "half a quarter" of the mill at Newtown. Nathaniel Lamos had 
forty acres of land laid out to him May 17, 1729, "beginning on Oyster's 
River, a little above the mill called Nczv Town mill." A highway "from 
Nezv Tozvn iirill up into the woods" is mentioned Oct. 20, 1735, when twenty- 
five acres were laid out for Robert Huckins on the south side of this road 
"at a place called Maple Brook." A highway was laid out from New Town 
sawmill on the south side of Oyster river June 9, 1738, extending from the 
road that leads from Little river. 

William Clay conveyed to his sons Samuel and Joseph Oct. 23, 1742, 
"one full quarter part of a sawmill situated in Durham, upon ye stream, 
or river called A'czv Tozvn River, being ye uppermost mill standing upon 
ve sd. stream, and is next to ye pond called W'heelwright's Pond out of which 
sd. stream issues" with a quarter part of "ye running geer," dam, stream 
and all privileges thereunto belonging. "Nezv Tozim River" is, of course, 


that part of the river flowing through New Town. W'iUiam Clay, "cord- 
wainer," and Samuel Clay, husbandman, conveyed to Daniel Rogers and 
Benjamin Mathes, July 20, 1754, eighty acres of land at or near New Town 
Saiv Mill in the town of Durham, beginning at the southeast comer of 
said Clay's land, next to Eli Clark's, thence running by the highway to 
said sawmill and over the freshet by sd highway to the end of Clay's fence, 
thence northerly to the land of widow Joanna Snell and John Jenkens 
then easterly b}' the highway to the first bound with all buildings, orchards, 
etc. Edward Leathers, Jr., of Durham, conveyed to Da\id Munsey, Sept. 
12, 1761, one sixteenth part of .Vrti' Town Sazcinill, so-called in sd Durham, 
also one sixteenth of the falls and privileges belonging to sd mill, and a 
sixteenth part of all the iron work in partnership belonging thereunto. 
Edward Leathers conveyed to John Leathers, ]\Iarch 5, 1790, forty acres 
of land in Lee, beginning at the southwest corner of John Snell's land and 
running on the road that leads to Newtown sawmill, until it comes to Clark's 
pond, so-called, etc., excepting, however, the land lately sold to his daughter 
Hannah (afterwards the wife of Lemuel Chesley). Also a sixth part of 
Newtown sawmill and gristmill, so-called, in said Lee, together with one 
sixth part of the dam and privilege of said mill. Edward Leathers, April 7, 
1801. conveyed to David Alonsey one sixteenth part of a sawmill in Lee 
known by the name of Newtown sawmill. 

So it appears the mill was known and called Neiv Toztm sawmill from 
1688 to A. D. 1800, and perhaps later; since then it has been called Layn's 
mill the larger part of the time. The man from whom it derived this name 
was Capt. John Layn, who was in Durham as early as March 8, 1760. when, 
as a young man, he enlisted in Capt. Samuel Gerrish's company, Col. John 
Gofif's regiment, for the Canada expedition. "John Layn of Durham, gun- 
smith," in a petition of May 26, 1761, states that he was employed as annorer 
for that regiment, and furnished his own tools, but had received no extra 
pay for this service, hence he petitioned for it. He was allowed £4 sterling. 
He was appointed captain in Col. John \\'aldron's regiment, March 6, 1776, 
for six weeks' service at Winter Hill. He acquired land at Newtown in 
1763 and again in 1766, when Thomas Leathers conveyed to him ten acres 
of land where said Thomas then lived at the corner of the roads that led 
to Durham Falls, ]\Iadbury and Xewtown. He established an inn in this 
vicinity, probably the first in Newtown. In 1790 John Layn calls himself 
"of Lee" but in 1804 he was living in Barrington where he had acquired 
several tracts of land — among others forty-two acres at Bumfaggin, and 
lots No. 41 and No. 42 in the half mile range, near Bow Pond, in that part 

of Barrington now Strafiford. He had a sawmill there. Init probably lived 


there only during the spring season, when the sawing was done. At that 
time he owned the whole of the gristmill at Ncivtozen, but only four days' 
right in the sawmill, both of which he conveyed July 17, 1804, to Paul Giles, 
who reconveyed them to Layn Nov. 22, 1805. These mills were then, no 
doubt, operated by his son Edmund, who continued to run them till his death 
at the age of seventy-six years, Aug. 27, 1843. There is now a saw and 
shingle mill owned by his descendants in the Layn family. 

Ncivtoivn Plains have a unic^ue history in Lee and Durham. They are 
a sandy and not very prolific region and rather monotonous for travelers 
who have occasion to pass through, there from Lee to Barrington, and 
certain parts of Madbury. Frequent mention is made of the Plains in the 
Durham and Lee town records. Why the pioneer settlers or lumbermen 
came to call it Ncii' Toivn is a mystery. 

As Patrick Jemison (or Jamison) received a grant of land tiiere in 1663, 
six years before Robert Wadleigh received his grant at Wadleigh's Falls, 
the sawmill at Nczu Tozmi was probably the first mill built in Lee, about 
two hundred and fifty years ago, and there has been a mill in use there 
ever since. 

Wadleigh's falls are in the southwest part of Lee at the north end of 
the "Hook" in Lamprey river. The river, below the falls, turns and runs 
south about half a mile, then strikes the foot of a high hill of gravel and 
hardpan ; tlien turns almost at right angle and flows in an easterly direction 
a half mile, where it strikes the foot of anotlier and is di\erte(l almost at right 
angle, in a northerly direction and flows for a mile through a fertile valley 
until it strikes the foot of Lee Hill, and is diverted in a large circle and flows 
south out of Lee into Durham. This valley through which it flows and 
forms the "hook" between the hills has some of the best farms in Strafiford 

This remarkable bend or "hook" in Lamprey river has no duplicate in 
any other river in New Hampshire. A sawmill was built at a fall near where 
it bows around and runs direct into Durham. The date of the first mill is 
not known, but probably about 1700. The inventory of George Chesley's 
estate of Durham Aug. 27, 1724, mentions part of tlie mill "at ye hook of 
Laiuprecl River." It is called "the Hook mill" in a deed of 1728. Epliraim 
Foulsham, Dec. 4, 1742, conveyed to his son John sixty acres of land in 
Durham, bought of Maj. Peter Gilman Dec. 8, 1739, lying next ye highway 
below ye Hook mill, beginning twenty rods above ye second brook from 
ye house formerly Capt. John Gilman's, towards ye Hook mill. Peter, 
John, Samuel and Noah Gilman, May 2, 1749, conveyed to Joseph Smith 


190 acres at a place commonly called the Hook, beginning by the side of 
Lampereel river, in the turn below the falls where the Hook mill stood. 

John Thompson of Durham, "one of ye proprietors of ye Hook land, 
and ye proper owner of one whole share," conveyed his share, Aug. 30, 174S, 
to Abner Clough of Salisbury, Mass. 

The Durham grants of land at the Hook conflicting with the Oilman 
claims, Samuel Smith and Capt. Jonathan Thompson were appointed agents 
of the land proprietors in Durham Nov. 28, 1748, to agree with Col. Peter 
Oilman and others about "the parcel of land in Durham on the south side 
of Lampreel river, commonly called and known by the name of the Hook 
land. In a deed of Aug. 30, 1748, this district is called Durham Hook, 
Lee being at that time a part of Durham. The Re\ . John Adams of Durham 
records, June 10, 1750, the baptism of "Nicholas, son of Nat Frost, in 
Ye Hook." 

The "Hook road to Northwood" is mentioned on the state map of 1803. 
It runs from Newmarket through the Hook, and crosses Lamprey river at 
Hill's bridge, near the falls where now stands Dame's mill. This Hill's 
bridge obtained its name from Capt. Reuben Hill, who settled near there 
about 1750 and owned a sawmill and gristmill at the falls. He was one 
of the selectmen of Lee in 1769. His mills are mentioned in the records 
of the town; and the neighboring bridge across Lamprey river is frequently 
mentioned in the town accounts from 1771 till 1800 and later. For example, 
£5 IS. were paid "Ensign Reuben Hill on his bridge" in 1771. His name 
is still retained, though Reuben Hill died about 1794, and his heirs sold the 
water privilege here in the first decade of the nineteenth century. John 
Mathes owned and operated the mills for many years in the middle of 
that century. He had a sawmill, shingle mill and gristmill. 

Little river runs into Lamprey river about a quarter of a mile above 
Hill's bridge, and on it, in Lee, are two falls that have been used much in 
the former centuries, and is frequently mentioned in the early records of 
Dover and Durham. It rises at Mendum's pond, in Barrington. For 
example, three score acres of land were granted to Jethro Furber, June 23, 
1 701, "adjacent to Lampereal Little River," laid out Feb. 2. 1726-7, "begin- 
ning on the northeast side of said Little River above the old mast zvay." 
This "mast 2vay" is the road that now leads from Lee Hill tn tlie State College 
at Durham, and was so called because over it were hauled the big pine trees 
to Durham falls, where they were put into Oyster river and floated to 
Portsmouth. This grant of land to Furber has remained in possession of 
the Furber family to the present time. The road from Lee hill by Furber's 
place to Wadleigh's falls was laid out July 31, 1753, but communication 



with Little River, at a point above Furber's, was opened more than two 
hundred twenty-five years ago, from there to Oyster river by cutting the 
mast road through the forests over Lace hill, ending a short distance above 
the village, at the falls, where, at an early period, "Litle River sawmill" 
was built; John Thompson, Sr., had a grant of land there April 2, 1694; 
Mr. Thompson mentions the sawmill in his will April 12, 1733. A mill 
was kept in running order there for more than a century and a half, being 
owned by several of the farmers in the neighborhood. This mill was at 
the foot of a high and steep hill, on the summit of which for many genera- 
tions the Thompsons lived. A beautiful place. The road up over this 
hill is called the North River road. A short distance west of the Thompson 
farm is the Cartland farm, now owned by Mr. Charles S. Cartland, of 
Dover, cashier of the Strafford National Bank. This farm has been in 
possession of the Cartland famil)' since 1737, 175 years. The land was 
granted to Joseph Meader soon after John Thompson received his grant 
above mentioned. Meader sold to Joseph Cartland, a native of Durham, 
in 1737, who built a house in 1740, where the present house stands. He 
was baptized by the Rev. Hugh .Adams and was brought up in the Congre- 
gational faith, but in later years, after he settled in Lee, he became a member 
of the Society of Friends, and the Cartlands have remained in the Quaker 
faith, most of them, to the present time. The Cartland farm is beautifully 
located and excellent in quality of land. The Mathes family came up from 
Durham and settled in the same neighborhood about the same time. 

A short distance below Little River Falls are what were called Thomp- 
son's falls, where Jonathan Thompson had a gristmill and fulling mill. 
In his will Sept. 10, 1756, he gave these and an acre of land to his son 
Joseph, who. May 3, 1774, sold them to Josiah Bartlett of Haverhill, Mass.; 
the sale included his dwelling house and one acre of adjoining land, and 
four acres between the fulling mill and Little River sawmill. This Josiah 
Bartlett was brother of Col. Thomas Bartlett of Nottingham, who has a 
distinguished record in the Re\olution. The brother Josiah also has a pa- 
triotic record. Since the Revolution these falls have been known as Bart- 
lett's falls. Col. Thomas Bartlett had a son Josiah who settled in Lee, in 
181 5, on a farm which is now owned by his son, Hon. John C. Bartlett; 
it is about half a mile below the Hook sawmill, on the road to Newmarket. 
Mr. Bartlett has a farm of 300 acres there, one of the best in Strafiford county. 

The hamlet at Lee Hill has been the center of business in the town from 
the beginning of its settlement by lumbermen. After 1800, when stage- 
coach routes began to be introduced "The Hill" was a busy place as a 
coach center, and two or three stores were there and did a thriving business. 


When the New Hampshire turnpike was completed from Pascataqua Bridge 
to Concord, about 1802, they commenced to run stage coaches from New- 
market to connect with the turnpike coaches to Concord, and Lee Hill was 
the place where a stable of horses was kept for use. There was also another 
coath line that ran from Dover through Lee, Nottingham Square, Chester, 
Derrv, Windham, to Lowell, after the cotton mills began to be built there. 
Gen. Bradbury Bartlett, son of Colonel Thomas, was agent for this route 
a number of years. He was known in his later years as Judge Bartlett. 
General Bartlett's brother-in-law, Hon. Edward B. Nealley, became a resident 
at Lee Hill alxjut 1810 and resided there until his death in 1837. During 
his residence there he was a prominent citizen of the town and had a store 
by the side of what later was the residence of Simon Otis. He was engaged 
with his brother-in-law, General Bartlett, in the stage coach line from Dover 
to Lowell. Of course when the Boston & Maine Railroad reached New- 
market the stage coach business began to wane, and finally ceased to pay, 
and stopped, but not until after Mr. Nealley's death, in 1837. 

Lee Hill from being a hustling village became the quiet hamlet it is today, 
having the meeting house, town house, postoffice and town cemetery, grange 
hall and a few' farm residences. In connection with the postoffice is a country 
store. From being lumbennen and millmen the citizens devote their time to 
farming, with marked success. It has first class schools, no doctors or law- 
yers : it has too small a population to support more than one religious society : 
so all combine, regardless of private opinions, in support of a Congregational 
ChurQh, in the altruistic sense of the word. In the interim between the stage- 
coach period and the present long continued period of prosperity, there was 
a prevalence of intemperance, but vigorous Christian heroism in a few year.* 
wrought for the better and Lee, for many years past, has held the rank, in 
respect to temperance and sobriety, "the banner town of Strafford county." 



The men of Lee have a patriotic record in the French and Indian wars ; 
later in the Revokition from 1775 to 1783; and especially in the war for the 
suppression of the Southern Confederacy. During the Indian war period, 
1675 to 1725, the inhabitants had to keep constant guard lest they be attacked 
by a secret Indian foe, but the only great battle with the Indians in Lee was 
at Wheelwright's pond in July, 1690. On March i8th, previous, the Indians 
had attacked and destroyed the settlement at Salmon falls (now Rollins- 
ford). The inhabitants made a brave defense, but were outnumbered, and 
after thirty of their fighting men had been killed, the rest surrendered. After 
plundering, the enemy burned the houses, mills and barns, with the stock of 
cattle in them. In May following this same party of French and Indians, 
Avith some additions, attacked and destroyed Casco. The Indians then came 
up to Fox Point, in what is now Newington, where they burned some houses, 
killed about fourteen, and carried away six as prisoners. On the fourth 
day of July eight persons were killed as they were mowing in a field (in Lee) 
near Lamprey river, and a lad was carried away captive. The next day they 
attacked Captain Hilton's garrison at Exeter, failed to capture it, as the 
garrison was relieved by a company under Lieutenant Bancroft, with the 
loss of a few of his men. The Indians retreated up through Lee. 

Two companies under Captains Floyd and Wiswall were out scouting 
on the sixth day of July and discovered the tracks of the Indians; they pur- 
sued and came up with the enemy at the west end of Wheelwright's pond, 
where they were engaged fishing. The Indians immediately changed work 
from fishing to fighting, and a bloody engagement ensued for several hours. 
Of course, there was no cleared ground around the pond, so the fighting 
was done in dodging from tree to tree, without hand-to-hand contests. 
Captain Wiswall's company suffered worst ; he was killed, also his lieutenant, 
Flagg, and Sergeant Walker; twelve men of the companies were killed, and 
several were wounded. Captain Floyd kept up the fight for a while after his 



companion officer was killed, but his men became so fatigued, it being an 
exceedingly hot day, and so many were wounded, that he drew off, and at 
the same time the Indians began to retreat in the opposite direction, carrying 
their dead and wounded with them, to a safe place where they could bury 
their dead warriors. It is not known how many Indians were killed, but it 
was a drawn battle. After the battle was over, and the Indians had started 
on a retreat westward, Captain Conners went to look after the wounded 
white men, and found seven alive, whom he brought in about sunrise the 
next morning. He then returned and buried the dead, among the number 
Captain Wiswall, Lieutenant Flagg and Sergeant Walker. Where their 
graves are no man knows; not even a common field stone was placed at their 
heads. The Indians, on their way westward, in the course of a week, killed, 
between Lamprey river in Lee and Amesbury, Mass., not less than forty 
people, according to the chronicles of the day. They did not carry away 
any prisoners. 

Of course, when the news reached Oyster river settlement that a battle 
was going on at Wheelwright's pond all the fighting men made haste to get 
there and assist Captains Floyd and \\'iswall. It is recorded that some of 
the men ran so fast that they were completely overcome with heat, and it 
was exceedingly hot that 6th of July. One man died of surfeit, but the rest 
got there and rendered valuable assistance. 


Only three garrisons are mentioned within the present town of Lee. 
There was one at South Lee, on the North River road, which was built by 
Joseph Doe, who bought land there June 23, 1737, of John Bickford, which 
had been assigned Bickford as his .share of the common lands in Durham in 
1734. After the death of Mr. and Mrs. Doe, the garrison became the property 
of his daughter, who had married Elijah Fox. Up to that time it had been 
called the "Doe garrison." From Mr. Fox it came to be called the "Fox gar- 
rison." At the death of Mr. and Mrs. Fox it passed to the ownership of their 
grand-daughter, wife of Daniel Cartland. but still retained the name. Fox 
garrison. After the death of M rs. Cartland, Mr. Samuel French bought it and 
resided there until his death, about 1880. Soon after that it was taken down. 

At New Toim was the Jones garrison, which was probably one of the first 
garrisoned houses that was built in this section of Old Dover. It stood on the 
Nehemiah Snell farm and served as a place of resort for safety when the 
Indians were roaming around, hunting for scalps of white men. It was taken 
down many years ago. 


The Randall garrison stood on the Mast road between Lee hill ami where 
now is the State College. It stood on the south side of the road near the 
A. D. Wiggin house. It was built of logs with the upper story projecting over 
the lower, with loopholes in the thick walls for the discharge of guns. This 
was a center of safety in Indian war times for all the neighborhood around. 
The builder was Capt. Nathaniel Randall, son of Richard and Elizabeth 
(Tozer) Randall. Captain Randall's grandfather was Richard Tozer, who 
married Judith Smith in Boston. Gov. Richard Bellingham performed the 
marriage ceremony. They came to live at Salmon Falls, Berwick side, where 
the Indians killed him, Oct. i6, 1775. Capt. Nathaniel Randall married Mary 
Hodgdon of Dover. Having received several grants of land from the town of 
Dover, in what is now Lee, he went there and liuilt the garrison and was one 
of the big men of the town ; big in ability and property. He died on March 9, 
1748-9, in his fifty-fourth year. His grave may be seen in the Lee cemetery, 
about half way from there to Lee hill. It does not appear on record or in tradi- 
tion that the Indians ever attempted to play pranks with any of these gar- 
risons, but the neighborhoods felt much safer in living in sight and hearing 
■_of safe houses of retreat in time of danger. 


Lee is a small town, 3'et in the spring of 1776 there were 142 men who 
signed the Association Test, which reads as follows : 

"We, the subscribers, do hereby solemnly engage, and promise, that we 
w ill, to the utmost of our power, at the risque of our lives and fortunes, with 
arms, oppose the hostile proceedings, of the British fleets and armies against 
the United American Colonies." 

This "Test" was sent out by the New Hampshire Committee of Safety in 
April to the selectmen of every town to find out who were Tories, or sup- 
porters of the British force measures, and who were willing to fight for the 
rights which the United Colonies demanded should be guaranteed to them by 
the Crown. The signers in Lee are given below, and the names are interest- 
ing as showing who were living in the town at that time. 


Elijah Dinsmore, Samuel Jackson, Bennan Jackson, John Emerson, 
Samuel Emerson, Joshua Burnham, Joshua Burnham, Jr., Steven Willie, 
Joseph Seas, William French. Joshua \\''oodmarch, Eleson Watson, Philbrok 
Barker, Moses Runnales, Samuel Hill, Ruel Giles, Cornilus Dinsmore, Job 


Runals, E. Jones, Jr.. Jonathan Dow. Isaac Small. Peter Folsom, Josiah 
Durgien. Miles Randel, Benjamin Dnrgin. John Sanbonn. Jonathan Runales, 
Zacheus Clough, Job Rnnels, Jr., Enoch Runels. William Goen, Ephm. Sher- 
burne, Dimond Fernald, Richard Hull, Samuel Langmaid, Ebenezer Jones, 
Lemuel Chesley, John Jones, Benj. Clark, George Jones, Benj. Jones, Smith 
Emerson, Isaac Clark. Simon Rindel. James Brackett. Stephen Stevens. 
Gideon Mathes, Daniel Cliesle. George Chash. Thomas Arlen. Zebelen Wiley 
Timothy Muncy, Micajah Bickford, David Shaw. Amos Fernald, Edward 
Scales. Robert Parker. John Mendum, Hunking Dam. John Follctt. [{benezcr 
Randel, Eli Furber. Ebenezer Bnrnnm. Joseph Brackett. Joseph I'oUitt. 
Samuel Stevens. Samuel Bickford, Jonathan iMsk, William Waymouth, 
George Tuttle, George Duch, James Watson, Samuel Watson, Timothy 
Moses, Dennet Waymouth, John Kinnison, Josiah Kinnison, William Gliden, 
John Putnam, Anthony Fling. John Davis. Clement Davis. Andrew Watson. 
Thomas Tuttle. Thomas Tufts. Samuel Burley. James Davis. Jeremiah 
Hutchins, John Davis. Nathaniel Frost. Henry Tufts. Jonathan Stevens, 
Henry Tufts, Jr., Thomas York. Nicholas Tuttle, Robert York. Eliphalet 
York, David Davis, Nathaniel Stevens. William Stevens, Samuel Durgin, 
Joseph Watson. Reuben Hill, .'^am Hutchin, Josiah Bartlett, AIoscs Dam, 
Jonathan Thompson, Sanniel Mathes, William Bly, Samuel Langley, Samuel 
Smith, Nicholas Meder, Mathias Jones, Benj. Jones, Joseph Jones, Tolman 
Thompson, Zekiel Wille. Edward Leathers. John Leathers, Joseph Doe, John 
Williams, John Layn, Benjamin Briley, Thomas Huckins, Jr., Elijah Fox, 
John Wiggin, James Clemens. John Sias, Benjamin Bodge, Mark Weder, 
Mr. Samuel Bodge, John Glover, Edward Hill, Thomas W^ille, Ezekiel Wille. 
Thomas Noble, Samuel Woodman, Edward Woodman, Thomas Hunt, Josiah 
Burley, Samuel Wille. Joseph Pitman. Samuel Snell, Jr., and Thomas 

Those men were not all of military age. but one-half of the whole number 
of signers actually served in the army, perhaps more. There were others 
who did important service for the cause, although they did not shoulder their 
guns and go to the front. The following names have been found in the 
Revolutionary war rolls^ of New Hampshire: 

Elijah Dinsmore. Samuel Jackson. John Emerson, Joshua Burnham, 
Samuel Willie. Ezekiel Wille, John Sias, William French, Moses Runales, 
Job Runels, Enoch Runels, Samuel Hill, Reuben Hill, Ebenezer Jones, John 
Jones, Benjamin Jones, Joseph Jones, Jonathan Dow, Isaac Small, Benjamin 
Durgin. Samuel Durgin. Ebenezer Randall. Edward Hill, John Sanborn, 
Zaccheus Clough, Stephen Stevens, Jonathan Stevens. Samuel Stevens. Wil- 
liam Stevens, Nathaniel Stevens. Micajah Bickford. Samuel Bickford. Daniel 


Shaw, Robert Parker, Eli Furber, Ebenezer Burnham, Jonathan Fisk, John 
Kennison, Anthony FHng, John Davis, Clement Davis, James Davis, David 
Davis, Thomas Tuttle, Henry Tufts, Samuel Burley, Jeremiah Hutchins, 
Samuel Hutchins, Nathaniel Frost, Eliphlet York, Josiah Bartlett, Jonathan 
Thompson, Edward Leathers, John Leathers, John Williams, John Layn, 
Thomas Huckins, John W'iggin, John Sias, Samuel Bodge, John Glover, 
Samuel Woodman, Edward Woodman, Thomas Hunt, Josiah Burley, Joseph 
Pitman, Col. Hercules Mooney, Benjamin Mooney, and John Mooney. 

This is a remarkably good showing of patriotism in a small town. Those 
men fought to form the Union of the United States of America. Four score 
years later this small town of Lee sent the following men to the battlefields 
to preserve the Union which their ancestors formed. Very nearly the same 
number, in both wars, are on record in various departments of the service. 


Charles R. Clay, Co. D, 3d Regt. ; enl. Aug. 23, 1861 ; re-enl. Jan. 2;^, 1864; 

disch. Aug. 24, 1865. 
Joseph T. Cummings, Co. D, 3d Regt.; enl. Aug. 23, 1861 ; re-enl. Feb. 16, 

1864; disch. June 19, 1865. 
Moses Lovering, Co. D, 3d Regt.; enl. Aug. 23, 1861 ; re-enl. Feb. 14, 1864; 

disch. July 20, 1865. 
Frank Bidges, Co. H, 5th Regt.; enl. Aug. 18, 1864; died May 5, 1865. 
Francis Lovell, Co. G, 5th Regt.; enl. Dec. 28, 1863; missing April 7, 1865. 
Clonin Jean, 5th Regt.; enl. Dec. 17, 1864. 

John A. Randall, Co. A, 5th Regt; enl. Feb. 6, 1865; disch. June 28, 1865. 
Miron B. Mcx-\llister, Co. A, 5th Regt. ; enl. Feb. 4, 1865; disch. June 2, 1865. 
Erastus C. Davis, corp. Co. C, 6th Regt.; enl. Nov. 27, 1861 ; disch. June 

24, 1862. 
John F. Jones, Co. C, 6th Regt.; enl. Nov. 27, 1861 ; disch. Nov. 27, 1864. 
Washington Davis, Co. H, 6th Regt.; enl. Nov. 28, 1861 ; re-enl. Dec. 31, 

1863; killed June 25, 1864. 
William Hardy, Co. K, 6th Regt. ; enl. Jan. 5, 1864. 
William Johnson, Co. E, 6th Regt. ; enl. Jan. 5, 1864. 
Andrew J. Lawrence, 6th Regt.; enl. May 18, 1864. 
Hollis S. Peavy, Co. C, 6th Regt.; enl. Jan. 11, 1864; died Sept. 7. 1864. 
Andrew ^V. Locke, Co. D, 8th Regt. ; enl. Dec. 28, 1861 ; disch. April 10, 1862. 
Nathaniel Glover, Co. L 8th Regt.; enl. Dec. 20, 1861 ; re-enl. Jan. 4, 1864, 

Vet. Bat.; di.sch. Oct. 28, 1865. 
John S. Harvey, Co. H, 8th Regt.; enl. Aug. 28, 1862; trans, to Co. C, 

Vet. Bat. ; disch. Oct. 28, 1865. 
Edwin Lamondan, Co. L loth Regt.; enl. Jan. 5, 1864; trans, to 2d Regt. 

Jan. 21, 1865; no discharge furnished. 


Joseph White, Co. D, loth Regt. ; enl. Jan. 5, 1864; trans, to 2d Regt. Jan. 

21, 1865; disch. June 19, 1865. 
Dana M. Dicy, Co. G, loth Regt.; enl. Jan. 5, 1864; killed June 27, 1864. 
Charles E. Linscott, musician, Co. I, loth Regt.; enl. Jan. 5, 1864; trans, to 

2d Regt. June 21, 1865; disch. Dec. 19, 1865. 
Enoch Glover, Co. I, loth Regt.; enl. Sept. 4, 1862; disch. June 21, 1865. 
Addison Osborne, Co. I, loth Regt.; enl. Sept. 4, 1862; trans, to U. S. Cav. 

Oct. 25, 1862. 
Alonzo E. Langniaid, Co. A, nth Regt.; enl. Aug. 28, 1862; disch. June 

4, 1865. 
True W. Langmaid, Co. A, i ith Regt. ; enl. Aug. 28, 1862 ; died May 30, 1863. 
David H. Lang, Co. A, nth Regt. ; enl. Aug. 28, 1862 ; missing Sept. 30, 1864. 
John N. Marsh. Co. A, nth Regt.; enl. Aug. 28, 1862; disch. June 4, 1865. 
Albra Plummer, Co. A, nth Regt.; enl. Aug. 28, 1862; pro. to corp. ; disch. 

June 4, 1865. 
Lawrence G. Otis, Co. E, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; disch. May 14, 1864. 
Daniel S. Randall, Co. E, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; trans, to Inv. 

Corps Feb. 15, 1864. 
Charles A. Femald, Co. E, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; disch. May 16, 

George W. Hanson, Co. E. 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; trans, to U. S. 

Navy April 28. 1864. 
Joseph A. Jones, Co. E, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; died Feb. 3, 1862. 
Richard Randall, Co. E, 13th Regt. ; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; disch. Sept. 29, 1863. 
Bradbury C. Davis, Co. E, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; disch. June 10, 

Orrin Dow, corp. Co. E, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; pro. to sergt. ; 

disch. May 12, 1865. 
John W. Emerson, Co. F, 13th Regt. ; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; disch. June 6, 1863 
True Emerson, Co. F, 13th Regt.: enl. Sept. 19, 1862; disch. .April 2, 1863. 
Joseph G. Clay. Co. F, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; disch. June 21, 1865. 
Israel G. York, corp. Co. D, mth Regt.; enl. Oct. 8, 1862; disch. Aug. 13, 

Stephen Hilton. Co. D, 15th Regt.; enl. Oct. 14, 1862; disch. Aug. 13. 1863. 
Josiah D. Thompson, Co. D, i ^th Regt.; enl. Oct. 8, 1862; disch. Aug. 13, 

George W. Demerritt, corp. Co. I, i8th Regt.; enl. Feb. 6, 1865; pro. to 

sergt. May 18, 1865J disch. July 29, 1865. 
Samuel Durgin, Vet. Res. Corps; enl. Jan. 5, 1864; date of disch. unknown. 
Frank G. Wentworth, 2d lieut. Co. A, Heavy Art. ; pro. to first lieut. Sept. 

19, 1864; disch. Sept. n, 1865. 
Josiah D. Thompson. Co. B, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. Sept. n, 1865. 
David S. Bennett, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. June 15, 1865. 
Albert S. Cummings, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. Sept. 15. 1865. 
Joseph B. Davis, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4. 1864; disch. June 15, 1865. 
Albert W. Davis, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. June 15, 1865. 
George B. Haley, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. June 15, 1865. 


Charles A. Rollins, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; di.sch. May 31, 1865. 
Neheniiah Randall, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, i8r)4; disch. Sept. 11, 1865. 
Jonathan B. Thompson, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4. 1864; pro. to corp. ; 

disch. June 2^. 1865. 
Josiah D. Thompson, Co. D, H. A.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. Sept. 11, 1865. 
Robert McKee, Co. M, H. A.; enl. Aug 14, 1863; disch. June 9, 1865. 
Dennis Lahay, Co. S, 12th Regt. : enl. Jan. 2, 1864; trans, to 2d Regt. 
Lawrence Keough, Co. H, 14th Regt.; enl. Aug. 14, 18G3; disch. July i, 1865. 
William E. Smith, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. 
James Fitzgerald, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. 
James McPherson, enl. Aug. 17, 1864. 
John Powers, enl. Sept. 17, 1863. 
James McClay, enl. Sept. 17, 1863. 
John Mullen, enl. Sept. 17, 1863. 
Edward Dalton, enl. Sept. 17, 1863. 
G. Singer, enl. Oct. i, 1863. 


Lee has not only furnished valiant and patriotic men for war, but has also 
furnished men who were \'aliant in peace. The first minister was the Rev. 
Samuel Hutchins, who preached the gospel and led his people in ways of 
peace from 1766 to 1800, and during the Revolution he was a sturdy sup- 
porter of the cause for which his people were contending on the fields of 
battle; his sermons were alive with his patriotic spirit which enthused his 
hearers. Mr. Hutchins' successor was the Rev. John Osborn, who began 
about 1800 and served as minister more than a third of a century. He was 
very popular and his memory is held in high esteem to the present day. The 
first century of the ministry in Lee was completed by the Rev. Israel Chesley, 
who succeeded Mr. Osborne. 

The following persons were natives of Lee and became ministers who did 
good service in other towns : Rev. Jesse Burham, Free Baptist, was born in 
1778. Mo\ed to Sebec, Me., 1806. Began to preach there with success. 
He was ordained at Charlestown, Me., June, 1808. Residence there, 1808-15. 
Jointly with Rev. Ebenezer Scales and Rev. Mr. Libby organized a church 
there. Baptized many himdreds in the region where now are the towns of 
Atkinson, Charlestown, Corrinth. Dexter, Exeter, Bradford, and other places. 
Moved to Maxfield, Me., in 181 5, and Howland, Me., 1818, and organized 
a church there; also in neighboring towns. Moved to Janesville, Wis., fall 
of 1840, and did circuit riding, preaching the gospel to scattered settlements 
in Illinois and Wisconsin. With the assistance of Rev. Mr. Cheney he organ- 
ized the first Free Will Baptist Quarterly Meeting in Wisconsin. Instru- 


mental in gathering a church at Janesville; organizing the Honey Creek 
Quarterly Meeting and the First Home Missionary Society in Wisconsin. 
Preached until within four weeks of his death. Died at Janesville, Wis., 
Dec. 5, 1863. 

Daniel Elkins, Free Baptist, was born in 1760. Moved to Gilmanton in 
1797. Began to preach about 1798. Ordained at Sandwich, N. H., June 21, 
1804. Organized church in Jackson in 1809. Spent most of his ministerial 
Hfe there. Died at Jackson on June 21, 1845. 

Joseph Foss, Free Baptist, was born in 1765. Began to preach about 
1802. Moved to Brighton, Me., about 181 2. Preached there and in tiie 
towns around until near his death; died at Brighton, Me., Dec. 29, 1852. 

Thomas Huckins, Free Baptist, born 1795. When a child his father 
removed from Lee to Parsonsfield, Me., and later to Canada East. Returned 
to New Hampshire and served at Portsmouth, as a soldier, 1812; afterwards 
as a marine on board a privateer. At the close of the war returned to 
Canada East. Organized churches in se\eral towns there. He was licensed 
to preach in 1827 and was ordained in 1828, being the first Free Baptist 
minister in the province. Later he organized Free Baptist churches in 
Canada West. Resided at Lexington, Mich., 1839 to 1853, having organized 
a church there. Died there May 2^, 1853. 

Christopher William Martin, Christian, son of Rev. Richard and Hannah 
(Faxon) Martin. Born 1790. Began to preach in 181 6, in Vermont. Did 
evangelistic work in New York. In later years was preacher in Vermont. 
Died in Salem, Mass., April 3, 1839. 

Robert Mathes, Christian, Ijorn 1772; commenced preaching at Milton, 
N. H., 1831, where he was ordained. Died there in 1840. 

Levi Moulton, Free Baptist, born 181 3. Removed from Lee to Maine, 
1835; licensed to preach, 1838; ordained that year and did itinerant work. 
He was drowned by the capsizing of a boat in crossing Lake Cicilidibicis, 
May 10, 1846. 

Charles Frost Osborne, Free Baptist, son of Rev. John and Mary (Frost) 
Osborne, born March 12, 1800. In early life lived at Alton. There in 1818. 
Afterwards settled in Scarborough, Me. Licensed to preach tliere in May, 
1838. Ordained there in 1840, and pastor till 1845. Later he was pastor 
in sex-eral towns. Died at Gorham, Me., Jan. 23, 1856. 

William W. Smith, Christian, son of Samuel Smith, born 181 1. Licensed 
to preach in 1840. W'ent to California, 1849, via Cape Horn, and was a 
farmer, gold prospector and miller for fifty years, meanwhile doing e\an- 
gelistic work among the miners and settlements. Served in the navy during 
the Civil war, and then perfected drawings for rapid fire guns, armored 


trains, etc., but before he took out patents his drawings were stolen, and 
others got the benefit of his inventions. Died at Antioch, Cal., Oct. i6, 1899 
He was a Christian hero. 

John G. Tuttle, Free Baptist, born 1802. His parents moved to Effing- 
ham about 1812. Licensed to preach, 1833. Ordained at Wolfborough, 
1837. Pastor of churches of Gihnenton, Danville and South Weare. Moved 
to Lowell, Mass., 1845; died there June 2^, 1846. 



The name Madbury antedates the parish and the town by more than a 
century. It was made a separate parish, with town privileges, by the Provin- 
cial Assembly, May 31, 1755, and was incorporated a township May 26, 
1768. An attempt was made in 1743 to secure parish privileges, but the town 
of Dover and the Provincial Assembly both refused to grant the petition that 
year, and the petitioners did not obtain this wish until 1755, when the terri- 
tory was made a parish for ministerial purposes. The town is in the shape 
of a wedge, in between Dover on the east, Durham and Lee on the west, Bar- 
rington on the north ; on the south it comes to a point with the lines of 
Dover and Durham, at a ledge called Cedar Point, where one can put his feet 
in three towns and stand, facing south, and look down the Pascataqua river 
to the Hilton Point bridge. The distance along the Barrington line is a 
little less than three miles. The line between Dover and Madbury is seven 
miles long; the westerly line is about the same. The name Madbury was first 
applied to the territory west of Barbado pond, in the vicinity of the ancient 
Gerrish mill, on the Bellamy river. Just when it began to be used there is no 
record, but on March 19, 1693-4, it appears on Dover records when forty 
acres of land were granted to Francis Pitman "on the X. \\'. side of Logg 
hill, on the N. E. side of the path going to Madberry, where he had all Reddy 
begun to improve." 

The "Logg hill" referred to is at the Gerrish sawmill, down which the 
lumbermen rolled the logs into the pond, ready to be used in sawing. At that 
date the name Madlniry had become well established in use among the lum- 
bermen, so they knew where to locate Pitman's grant. Probably the name 
had tlien been in use among lumbermen thirty or forty years. The "path to 
ALidberry" referred to above is the present road over the Bellamy river at the 
mill site. The reader will obseve that the record does not say Pitman's grant 
is in Madbury but on the side of the path going to Madbury; so the fair infer- 
ence is that the locality fa lumber lot) called Madbury, was somewhere 



between Gerrish's sawmill and A^m.' Tozot in Lee. There is no other town in 
the United States of the same shape or the same name as Madbury ; in the old 
records it is sometimes spelled Medberry, or Medbury, but generally Mad- 
bury. .V funny name ; whence its origin ? 

The late John Elwin of Portsmouth, who was thoroughly versed in 
everything relating to the early history of the Pascataqua region and was 
the grandson of Gov. John Langdon, and a descendant of Ambrose Gibbons, 
the early pioneer, who died at Oyster River, July ii, 1656, made a study of 
that word and came to the conclusion that is was derived from Modbury in 
Devonshire, England, the seat for centuries of the Champernowne family, to 
which belonged Capt. Francis Champernowne of the Dover combination of 
1640. He received various grants of land, chief of which was on the east- 
ern side of Great Bay, which is now a part of Greenland but was then in the 
territory of Old Dover. He married the widow of Robert Cutt, brother of 
President John Cutt, and was one of the most influential men of the Prov- 
ince. He was a member of the Provincial Council in 1686, and held that 
office until his death in 1687. Captain Champernowne was of royal descent, 
and nephew of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, his mother being sister to the wife 
of Gorges. His great-grandfather. Sir Arthur Champernowne, of Modbury, 
took part in the battle of Bosworth Field, and was vice-admiral in the English 

At Modbury was Ixtrn Katherine Champernowne (great-aunt of Captain 
Francis), who by different marriages w-as the mother of Sir Humphrey Gil- 
bert and Sir Walter Raleigh. The Champernowne house at Modbury, where 
the royalists had entrenched themselves under Sir Edmund Fortescen, was 
taken and devastated by the parliamentary troops in 1642. 

Modbury is midway between Dartmouth and Plymouth. Some ruins are 
still left of the ancient manor house, where, according to the expressions of 
the old chronicler, "the clarions family of Champemon" once lived in dig- 
nity and splendor. But, alas, as John Elwyn laments, 

"No crusader's war-horse, plumed and steeled. 
Paws the grass now at Modbury's blazoned door." 

Well, supposing Mr. Elwyn is correct, as I think he is, as to the origin, 
how did it ever get applied to a piece of land in Old Dover, a mile or so west 
of tlie Gerrish sawmill? There seems to be but one explanation ; it is that Cap- 
tain Champernowne at some date several years before 1693 had a grant of 
timber land up there, west of Bellamy river; he gave it a name, in order to 
locate it ; he called it Modbury for the old home of the Champemownes. It 
was a common practice then to name the localities, in which were specially 


fine mast trees, for historic localities in England. The common people here 
corrupted the word and pronounced it Madbury, and so it is to this day. 

Miss Mary P. Thompson well says in her excellent book, "Landmarks in 
Ancient Dover" : "It is to l>e deplored that this historic name should have 
been corrupted into Madbury by our early settlers. The original name should 
be restored. Modbury is more agreeable to the ear and its association with 
the Champernownes would give it a significance not to be regarded without 
pride." It is to be hoped that some Representative from Madbury in the 
New Hampshire General Court, may win honor for himself and his town 
by having the letter o substituted for a in the name of the town, by the 




Madbury was incorporated as a parish (for ministerial purposes) May 31, 
1755, and as a town May 25, 1768, but the petition for a parish was pre- 
sented to Gov. Benning Wentworth, the Council and the House of Repre- 
sentatives May 13, 1743, as follows: 


To His Excellency Benning Wentworth, Esc[., Governor and Commander- 
in-chief in & over His Majesty's Council & House of Representatives for said 
Province and General Assembly convened the loth day of May, 1743. 

The petition of Sundry Persons Inhabitants of the Westerly part of the 
town of Dover & the Northerly part of Durham in said Province Humbly shows 
that your Petitioners live at such a distance from the meeting houses in their 
respective Towns as makes it difficult for them & their Families to attend the 
Publick Worship there, especially in the winter & spring seasons of the year, 
which induced a number of your petitioners some years since at their own cost 
to build a Meeting House situated more conveniently for them where they have 
some times had preaching in those seasons of the year at their own expense 
though they were not exempted from paying their proportion at the same 
time to the standing Minister of the Town. 

That the Towns aforesaid are well able as your Petitioners apprehend to 
bear their annual charges without the assistance of yr Petitioners and that they 
might be Incorporated into a new Parish w hereby they might be accommodated 
their children & servants (as well as themselves) have more Frequent oppor- 
tunities of attending Publick Worship and all of them Reep the advantages of 
such an Incorporation which considering their present circumstances they think 
would not be a few, and the Towns not Injured. 

That your Petitioners conceive a parish might be erected with out prejudice 
to the other part of the Town ojj^over by the Following boundaries viz. 
Beginning at the Bridge over Johnsons Creek so called, where the dividing Line 
between Dover & Durham Cross the Country Road & from thence running as 
the said Road runs unt'! it comes even with Joseph Jenkins his house & f''Dm 




thence to run on a North West & by North course until it comes to the head of 
said Township which boundaries would comprehend the estates & habitations 
of yr Petitioners living in Dover & the making a parish there will greatly con- 
tribute to the settling the lands within said Boundaries & those that Lay con- 
tiguous as well as be very convenient for yr Petitioners. Wherefore they most 
humbly pray that a parish may be erected & Incorporated by the Boundaries 
aforesaid with the usual powers & Priviledges & that such of yr Petitionrs as 
live within the Town of Durham may ha\e liberty to Poll off into the same, or 
that such a part of the said Township may be annexed thereunto which would 
be the better way as will accommodate the Remote settlers in said Township 
near the said Boundaries as well as your petitioners or that they may be Relieved 
In such other way & method as this Honble Court shall see fit, & yor petitioners 
as in duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Thomas Wille 
John Roberts 
Samuel Davis 
Samuel Chesley 
Thomas Bickford 
Daniel McHame 
James Huckins 
Ralph Hall 
William Bussell 
Azariah Boody 
Timothy Moses 
John Demeret 
Zachariah Edgerly 
Joseph Daniel 
Francis Drew 
Daniel Young 
William Twombly 
Isaac Twombly 
Joseph Evans junr. 
John Evens 
Henry Bickford 
Henary Bussell 
Joseph Hicks 
Joseph Tasker 
Dern,- Pitman 
Paul Gerrish, Jr 
John Bussell 
Job Demeret 
David Daniel 
James Chesle 
Reuben Chesle 
Henerv Tibbetes 

John Huckins 
James Jackson 
Zachariah Pitman 
Ely Demerit 
John Foay, Jr 
Solomon Emerson 
Jacob Daniel 
Joseph Rines 
Benjamin Hall 
William Demeret 
William Allen 

Nathiel O Davis 

Samuel Davis Jr 
Jonathan Hanson 
Robert Evens 
Jonathan Daniel 
William Hill 
Stephen Pinkham 
Benjamin Wille 
John Rowe 
Hercules Moony 
Joseph Twombly 
Abraham Clark 
Joseph Jackson 
James Clemens 
W^illiam Dam Jr 
Morres Fowler 
Robart W^ille 
Abel Leathers 


In the House of Representatives May 13th 1743. 

The within Petition Read and Voted That the petitioners at their own 
cost serve the select men of the Town of Dover and also the select men of the 
Town of Durham with a coppy of this petition and the Vote thereon. That 
the selectmen of the Respective Towns aforesaid may Notifie the said Touns 
to appoint persons to appear the third day of the sitting of the General! 
Assembly at their next session of Genii Assembly to shew cause if any why the 
prayer of the petition may not be Granted. 

James Jeffry Cler. Assm 
Province of / , _ 
New Hamp \ ^^"^y -'7^^ I743- 

The abo\e Vote read & concurr'd 

Theodr Atkinson, Secry 
Eodem Die Assented to, 

B. Wentworth. 

Pursuent to the foregoing Notification a publicke Toun meeting was holden 
at the Meeting House at Cochecho in Dover July 19, 1742. And Capt Thos 
Willet Esq. was chosen Moderator of the sd meeting &c 

And the Request of the \^'esterly part of the Town for Raising money for 
the support of ye Ministry in that part of the Town for six months as men- 
tioned in the above notification was then heard considered & put to Vote & 
it Passed in the Negative. 

A true copy attested, 

Pr. Paul Gerrish, 

Town Clerk. 

Dover May 5th 1743. 

The Petitioners for a Parish in Madbury & what they paid in the year 1743. 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

Thomas ^Villey o 17 3 Daniel Meserve i 7 9 

John Roberts 16 2 Francis Drew 15 9 

Samuel Davis 16 2 Thomas Bickford 14 3 

Paul Gerrish 10 11 Ralph Hall 16 11 

Samuel Chesley 18 3 John Foy, Jr 9 9 

James Chesley 16 2 Henry Tebbets 17 6 

James Jackson 13 6 Dery Pitman i 13 

































John Huckins i 5 2 John Bussell 14 3 

Job Demerett i 2 4 \\'illiam Bussell 10 11 

John Tasker i 3 2 William Demerett 13 11 

David Daniel 16 11 Eli Demerett. Jr i 2 6 

Zachariah Pitman 15 o Jose])h Rines 8 3 

Solomon Emerson i o 8 Jacob Daniel 13 11 

Joseph Hicks i 17 6 Timothy Moses 11 3 

James Huckins 10 11 Benjamin Hall 13 2 

Azariah Boody 10 2 John Demerett 15 o 


£ i-. (/. £ s. d. 

Zachariah Edgerly .... 19 11 \\'illiam Hill 18 9 

William Allen 9 9 Stephen Pinkham 10 11 

Joseph Daniel 12 9 Henry Bussell 12 o 

Nathl Davis 12 5 Benjamin W'illey 7 G 

Daniel Young 15 o John Row 7 6 

Samuel Davis, Jr 13 2 Herkules Mooney 8 3 

Jonathan Hanson o o o Joseph Twomhly 11 3 

Robert Evans 11 3 Abraham Clark o o o 

\A'illiam Twombly 3rd. . 118 Joseph Jackson 12 9 

Isaac Twombly 13 11 James Clements 7 6 

Joseph Evens, Jr 9 9 Reuben Chesley 12 5 

John Evens 180 — — — 

Henery Bickford 11 8 40 10 i 

Jonathan Daniel 12 9 

In the House of Representatives Aug. 24th 1744. The within petition 
read and the Parties on both sides heard. And the Return of the Committee 
appointed by the Genl Assm for the viewing of the Town of Dover, Read, 
and the House having considered thereon. Voted provided the petitioners pro- 
cure an Orthodox minister or ministers to preach to them at that part of the 
Town of Dover called Madburj', Six months or more in a yeare during ye 
space of three years to commence from the first of ye next. That then there 
be Raised by the town of Dover & paid by the select men or Town Treasurer 
of the said Town of Dover annually to the said Minister or Ministers the sum 
of one hundred & twenty pounds (Old Tenor) after the Rate of twenty pounds 
p month as the preaching is Perfomied annually for the said three years and 
that the petitioners have liberty to bring in a Bill accordingly. 

James Jeffry Clr. Assm. 
In Council Decemb. 21, 1744. 

The parties heard on the within Petition & the Vote of the Houses above 
Considered & non concur'd. Nemine contradicente. 

Theod. Atkinson Secy 


The first parish meeting was held June 23, 1755, when the following 
officers were chosen : Moderator, Solomon Emerson ; clerk, Ebenezer De- 
merit; selectmen. John \\'ingate, Paul Gerrish. and James Davis; assessors, 
Daniel Hayes and John Roberts ; commissioners. Daniel Young and James 
Tasker, Jr. John Demerit was chosen the first representative to the Gen- 
eral Assembly, held at Exeter in December, 1776. Rev. Samuel Hyde was 
settled as minister of the parish soon after it was incorporated, and was 
succeeded by Rev. William Hooper, who was the last settled minister in the 
town. .\ meeting-house was erected soon after Mr. Hyde came into the 
parish, but it has long since been torn down. 



During the French and Indian wars tlie Madbury part of Old Dover suf- 
fered its share of the "brunt of the battle" during the half century of those 
conflicts with the enemy. It does not appear that the inhabitants began to 
build garrisoned houses until about 1694. Following are the names of the 
owners as given by Miss Mary P. Thompson in her "Landmarks in Ancient 
Dover" : 

Clark's Garrison. This garrison stood on Clark's plains, on the hill, west 
of Knox's Marsh road, which the Boston & Maine Railroad now uses for 
a gravel bank, and near the boundary line between Dover and Madbury. It 
was built by Abram Clark, who owned a farm on the hill there. March 19, 
1693-4, Richard Pinkham had a "grant of 30 acres drie pines and Abraham 
Clark's garrison." It was taken down about the year 1836. 

Daniels' Garrison stood near the summer residence of Mr. Charles W. 
Hayes. David's Lane, so named for David Daniels who built the garrison, 
extends from Nute's Comer past where the garrison stood to Mr. Hayes' 
house. The house was torn down many years ago. 

Demerit's Garrison was built by Eli Demerit, Jr., about 1720. It stood on 
the road between the Clark garrison and the present Boston & Maine Rail- 
road station. It was taken down about the same time the Clark garrison 
was, in the spring of 1836. 

Gerrish Garrison stood on the first hill west of Gerrish's mill, which was 
at the falls in the Bellamy river west of Barbado's pond. That mill was 
built by Paul Gerrish, who also built the garrison; he was son of Capt. John 
Gerrish and grandson of Major Richard Walderne, his mother being a daugh- 
ter of the major who owned a part of the mill privilege which, at his death, 
came into possession of his daughter and long remained in possession of the 
Gerrish family. Her sons,- Paul and Timothy, had sawmills and grist mills 
and fulling mills at about every falls on the Bellamy ri\-er and the tide 
water at Back river. 



Meserve's Garrison stood on the summit of Harvey's hill, which formed 
a part of the old Meserve lands, on the road north of Gerrish's mill. The 
land of Daniel Misharvey, Jr. (Meservey, Meserve or Harvey), at a place 
called Freetown, is mentioned Dec. 19, 1745. in a deed of land to Eli De- 
merit. This "place called Freetown" is in the northwest corner of Madbury, 
adjoining the locality in Lee called Nczi.-town. The name first appears in 
Dover records about 1700, in connection with land grants, and, of course, 
was brought into use for convenience in locating grants, so that the owners 
might know in what direction to go from some known place to an unknown lot 
of land in a pathless forest. No one has ever given an explanation why that 
particular name was given to that particular locality. Probably it was the 
outgrowth of the fertile imagination of some lumberman. But it has been 
in use for more than two hundred years, and manifests no sign of decay. For 
example, it is mentioned February, 1730, when twenty acres of land were 
laid out to Derry Pitman "a little above the west end of Mehermett's Hill," 
beginning at the corner of Wm. Demerit's land and running north by si.xty 
rods, then east by the common, then south "on a road leading to the road com- 
monly called Frcctoivn road." Derry Pitman and wife Dorothy conveyed to 
Wm. Fowler, June 25, 1748, one acre of land in Madbury, part of a tiiirty- 
acre grant to his father, Nathaniel, Jvme 23, 1701, beginning at Zachariah 
Pitman's fence, near said Fowler's house, on the same side of "the road lead- 
ing from Madbury to the place commonly called Freetown." This seems 
to locate the Champemowne timber lot "Modbury" on the road about a mile 
north of tlie present town house, near where the branch road runs easterly 
to Gerrish's mill. The reader will bear in mind this was seven years before 
the present town was made a parish, and bounded as now, and the name 
Madbury applied to the whole parish. In 1748 it meant simply that locality 
a mile above the town house, as it now stands at the foot of Moharimet's hill. 

Tarkc/s Garrison was at the foot of Moharimet's, commonly called 
Hick's liill, near where Maj. John Demerritt's house now stands. The land 
here originally belonged to Charles Adams of Oyster River, who had a grant 
of one Iiundred acres, laid out November i, 1672, at the foot of "Mahermett's 
Hill" half of which he conveyed March 11, 1673-4, to his daughter, Mary, 
wife of William Tasker. Mr. Tasker had built his house there before the 
deed of conveyance was made and they were living there when the awful 
massacre occurred at Oyster in the summer of 1694. As it was not gar- 
risoned the family made their escape to the Woodmen garrison before a party 
of Indians reached the house, about daylight, and commenced an attack on 
it. Mr. Tasker was inside and succeeded in keeping them out until they 
felt obliged to leave to join the rest of their party, which had given up the 


fight at Woodman's garrison and had started on the route to Lake Winnipe- 
saukee, on their return to Canada. Mr. Tasker soon after converted his 
house into a strong garrison. It was taken down about 1820 when the Taskers 
sold the farm to Ebenezer T. Demerritt, ancestor of the present owner, Maj. 
John De Merritt. 

Twombly's Garrison stood a few rods above the residence of the late 
Judge Jacob D. Young. It was probably built by William Twombly, who 
acquired land there before April, 1734. It was taken down in the spring of 
1842 by Mr. Nathaniel Twombly, a great-grandson of the builder, and used 
by him in construction of a barn in Dover. 

Madbury Mecting-Housc. In this connection it may be well to make rec- 
ord of the fact that the Madbury meeting-house stood near the present brick 
schoolhouse, not far from Maj. John Demerritt's residence. It is on record 
that John Tasker and Judah, his wife, September 2t„ 1735, conveyed one 
acre of land to the inhabitants of the western side of Dover township for 
a meeting-house, "beginning at ye turn of ye way that leads from Madbcrry 
road to Beach Hill ;" there is where they built the first meeting-house, twenty 
years before the parish was incorporated, and Parson Gushing of the First 
Church went out there occasionally and preached to his people instead of 
having them come over to Cochecho to hear him preach. Another bigger 
and better meeting-house was built there later, a plan of which, with its 
interior galleries around three sides, is to be found in the Madbury town rec- 
ords. This larger and last house was taken down about 1850. It is to be 
noted in passing that this first meeting-house was on the "western side of 
Dover township." and the description of the location shows that the locality 
then called Madbury was above the turn in the road that now leads to Lee 

Aloharinict's Hill, or Hicks's Hill, as known in later years, is a noted land- 
mark, directly north of the site of the old meeting-house. It is a beautiful 
elevation and has many hi.storical associations. Its original name, which 
should be preserved, was deri\ed from Moharimet, an Indian sagamore of 
the seventeenth century. It is mentioned by that name in 1656 when Charles 
Adams had a grant of one hundred acres of land "at the foot of Mohariinct's 
hill." This was the Tasker farm for more than a century and a quarter, 
and is now owned by Maj. John Demerritt and his sister. Miss Jennie M. 
Demerritt, and has been in possession of the Demerritt family nearlj' a 
century. Many old deeds refer to it as Moharimet' s hill. In 1761 Joseph 
Hicks obtained ownership of land on the north side of the hill and later 
got possession of nearly all of it, and as his family and those that followed 
him in ownership were wealthy and influential people, the name Hicks came 


into use in place of the old Indian sagamore. It is time now to restore the 
old Indian name. 

This Indian sagamore was a big Indian and ruler over all the small 
Indians, and the territory from the big hill, which bears his name, in Mad- 
bury, to Exeter. He had his "planting grounds" for raising corn in the 
village of Lamprey River. One of these was on the south side of that ri\er 
from a point where the Pascassick empties into it, easterly to the run of 
water called "The Moat," in which is Doe's island. That there was such a 
man, and that he owned the land (until the Dover authorities stole it), is 
shown by a deed which he signed and consented to, by which the Massachu- 
setts Bay authorities granted to Samuel Symonds of Ipswich, Mass., a tract 
of land, and what is known as Wadligh Falls, in Lee, which Symonds took 
possession of June 3, 1657. 

Many noted Madbury people have lived near Moharimet's hill. Col. James 
Davis, one of the influential men of Oyster River, at an early period owned a 
large part of it. His sons, James and Samuel, receixed portions of it from 
their father by will in 1748; also his daughter Sarah, who married Capt. Jo- 
seph Hicks, received another portion, and the Hicks family later came into 
possession of nearly all the hill and much land around it, and from Joseph 
came the name now used, "Hicks hill." Mrs. Hicks lived to be ninety-one 
years old, outliving her husband many years. She was vigorous and active 
down to her last year, and was noted for her business capacity, and her work, 
quite as much as any men of that period. She left a large estate, on which 
letters of administration were granted January 14, 1794. 

The Demerritt family along the west side of the hill has been there 
many generations and has produced men who were among the most noted 
in the town. One of these was' Maj. John Demerritt, who has a conspicu- 
ously patriotic record in the Revolutionary war. He helped ^laj. John Sulli- 
van bring the powder up from Forts William and ]\Iary in December, 1774. 
After the powder was landed at the falls he took a number of barrels of it 
to his residence, on the "Madbury Road," a short distance west of the hill. 
Then, to make sure the British should not capture it by sending an anny 
up from Portsmouth, he dug a cellar under his barn in which he placed the 
barrels of powder, twenty or more. He covered over this cavity, so no sign 
of it could be discovered in the barn. Then he dug a passage to the cellar of 
his house (now standing), a few rods off, by which the barrels could be 
rolled out when wanted. The entrance to that passage was carefully con- 
cealed in his house cellar. If the enemy had been able to reach Major De- 
merritt's house they could not have found the powder. No enemy came hunt- 
ing for it. The Major kept quiet until mid-winter; then he rolled out sev- 


eral barrels from the hiding place ; loaded them into his ox-cart ; yoked up 
his best pair oxen, fine, sturdy, fast-stepping animals, who understood every 
motion of their master's goad and promptly obeyed it ; hitched them to the 
cart, and early one morning started for Boston. In due time he reached Med- 
ford, where he unloaded it, the officials in whose charge he placed it judging 
that to be the safest place to deposit it. Major Demerritt returned home and 
soon after completed the work of transportation of the remaining barrels. 
Some of that powder was used by the patriots at the battle of Bunker Hill, 
and more of it in the siege of Boston. 

It has been stated that the last settled minister in the town was the 
Rev. William Hooper, who closed his pastorate in the first half of the nine- 
teenth century. That is correct, but for several years during the latter part 
of the second half of the nineteenth century the citizens employed the minis- 
ter of the church at Lee to conduct services in the town house, on the after- 
noon of each Sabbath, except in winter. 

Madbury has furnished four men for the ministry, as follows : 

Jonathan Broivn, Presbyterian, was born in 1757. Graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1789. Studied for the ministry with Rev. John Murray of 
Nevvburyport, Mass. Ordained pastor of third church East Londonderry, 
1796; dismissed September, 1804. Without charge there 1804- 1838. Died 
there January 9, 1838. 

Joseph Davis, Free Baptist, son of David Davis, was born in 1792. Re- 
moved to Effingham in 1814, where he engaged in farming. Having been 
converted to the Free Will Baptist belief he joined that church and began to 
preach when he was about thirty years old. He was ordained to the min- 
istry July 4, 1824, and was pastor of the church in that town until 1843, being 
a very successful minister. He died there December 14, 1843. 

Daniel Pinkham, Free Baptist, was born in December, 1776. When he 
was eleven years old his parents removed to Jackson where he was edu- 
cated in the common schools and brought up to do farm work. Becoming 
converted to the Free Will Baptist faith, he began exhorting in public meet- 
ing. Being a fluent and interesting speaker, he was licensed to preach in 
181 5, and became a circuit preacher in the towns of Bartlett, Randolph, Jeffer- 
son, Jackson, Pinkham, Grant and Lancaster. His residence was at Jackson 
from 1787 to 1828; at Pinkham Grant from 1828 to 1835 ; at Lancaster from 
1835 to 1855, where he died June 25th of that year. 

Edgar Blaisdcll Wylie, Congregationalist, son of Samuel Smith and 
Eliza (Burnham) Wylie, was born February 24, i860. Graduated from 
Wheaton College, Wheaton, 111., 1889; and Chicago Seminary, 1892. Or- 
dained pastor of Summerdale church, Chicago, April 27, 1893, having pre- 


viously supplied from April, 1891, and continued pastor until April, 1901. 
He died in Chicago July 6, 1901. 

In the Revolutionary war, the War of 1812-15, the Civil war, 1881-1865, 
and the Spanish war of 1898, Madbury furnished its quota of brave men for 
the service. In 1898 Maj. John Demerritt served in the Philippines, he 
being a great-great-grandson of Maj. John Demerritt of the Revolution: he 
is the fourth John Demerritt in succession who has won, by service, ihe 
title of major. 


William H. Miles, 2d lieut. Co. K, 3d Regt. ; enl. Aug. 22, 1861 ; resigned Feb. 

5, 1862. 
Samuel Willey, Jr., Co. K, 3d Regt. ; enl. Aug. 24, 1861 ; died Aug. 9, 1862. 
George W. Russell, Co. K, 5th Regt.; enl. Feb. 19, 1864; pro. to ist sergt. ; 

killed June 18, 1864. 
Eben Munsey, Co. H, 6th Regt. ; enl. Nov. 28, 1861 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Andrew J. Cross, Co. D, 7th Regt.; enl. Sept. 17, 1862; disch. June 26, 1865. 
Benjamin S. Hemenway, Co. I, 7th Regt. ; enl. Sept. 17, 1862; trans, to Invalid 

Corps, Feb. 3, 1864. 
Daniel Clifford, Co. C, 7th Regt.; enl. Feb. i, 1865; P™. to Corp., June 11, 

1865; disch. July 20, 1865. 
William H. Miles, Co. H, 7th Regt.; enl. Aug. 30, 1862; disch. May 11, 1865. 
Allen Dicks, Co. K, 7th Regt. ; enl. I'>b. i, 1865. 

George W. Hough, Co. I, loth Regt. ; enl. Sept. 16, 1862.; disch. May 18, 1865. 
Andrew W. Henderson, Co. K, nth Regt.; enl. Sept. 2, 1862- disch Oct 26, 

Ira Locke, Co. K, nth Regt.; enl. Sept. 2, 1862. 

Asa Young, Co. K, nth Regt.; enl. Sept. 2, 1862; disch. June 4, 1865. 
Samuel N. Robinson, corp. Co. K, nth Regt.; enl. Sept. 2, 1S62; disch. Jan. 

20, 1863. 
George E. Bodge, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; enl. Sept. 18, 1862; disch. Nov. 12, 1864. 
Charles H. Bodge, Co. B, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 18, 1862; died Jan. 14, 1863. 
Llewylln D. Lothrop, Co. F, 13th Regt.; enl. Sept. 19, 1862; trans, to navy, 

April 28, 1864. 
Stephen H. Richardson, Co. F, i ^th Regt. ; enl. Sept. 19, 1862 ; disch. Tune 21 

1865. ' '" 

John O. Langley, Co. D, 15th Regt.; enl. Oct. 8, 1862; killed July i, 1863. 
Samuel N. Robinson, corp., Co. K, iSth Regt.; enl. March 21. 1865- disch. 

May 6, 1865. 
Charles A. Osgood, Co. I, ist Cav. ; enl. March 29, 1864; killed June 13, 1864. 
Daniel W. Furber, Co. K, ist Cav.; enl. Sept. 6, 1862: disch. June 28, 1865. 
John Crystal, Co. K, 1st Cav.; enl. Sept. 8. 1862; disch. June 5, 1865. 
Charles Webster, ist Cav. ; enl. Sept. 15, 1862. 
William H. Babb, Co. D, H. Art. ; enl. Sept. 4. 1864; disch. June 15, 1865. 


James H. P. Batchelder, Co. D, H. Art.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. June 15, 

John W. Cheswell, Co. D, H. Art.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. June 15, 1865. 
Plummer Fall, Co. D, H. Art.; enl. Sept. 4, 1864; disch. June 15, 1865. 
Trueman W. McLatchay, Co. D, H. Art. ; enl. Sept. 4, 1864. 
George W. Young, Co. D, H. Art. ; enl. Sept. 4. 1864; disch June 15, 1865. 
Julius Hawkins, U. S. C. T. ; enl. Jan. 2, 1865 ; date of discharge unknown. 
Charles Foss, V. R. C. ; enl. Dec. 22, 1863; date of discharge unknown. 
Wm. H. Foss, V. R. C. ; enl. Dec. 22, 1863; date of discharge unknown. 
John Vallelly, V. R. C. ; enl. Dec. 22, 1863; date of discharge unknown. 
Charles Bedill; enl. Dec. 22, 1863; date of discharge unknown. 
Samuel V. Davis, Strafford Guards; enl. May 5. 1864; disch. July 28, 1864. 
Wm. Galbraith; enl. Feb. 2, 1865; date of disch. unknown. 
Tichnor Miles, Strafford Guards; enl. May 5, 1864; disch. July 28, 1864. 
Wm. H. H. Tuvenbly, Strafford Guards; enl. May 5, 1864; disch. July 28, 

Wm. Haines; enl. Sept. 11, 1863; date of disch. unknown. 
Almon Stacy; enl. Sept. 17, 1863; date of disch. unknown. 
James Thompson; enl. Sept. 17, 1863; date of disch. unknown. 
John Smith: enl. Sept. 17, 1863; date of disch. unknown. 



Previous to 1719 considerable quantities of iron ore had been discovered 
in several places in New Hampshire, hence in that year a number of opulent 
merchants in Portsmouth formed a company for manufacturing iron by erect- 
ing works on Lamprey river. Adams's "Annals of Portsmouth" says they 
determined to procure workmen from Europe, but they wanted to obtain a 
tract of land in the neighborhood which would furnish a sufficiency of fuel, 
and on which they might settle their laborers. In i66g the town of Ports- 
mouth gave sixty pounds to Harvard College to erect a new building for the 
accommodation of students, and engaged to pay that sum annually for seven 
years. In 1672 the General Court of Massachusetts, in return for this dona- 
tion to the college, voted to grant to the town of Portsmouth a quantity of 
land for that village, "when they should declare to the court the. place 
where they desired it." The town neglected to apply for the grant until 
the 25th of March, 1719, when they chose a committee "to address the 
General Assembly (of New Hampshire), at their next session to obtain order 
for laying out "six miles square of land at the head of Oyster river, fomierly 
granted by Massachusetts to the town of Portsmouth." The petition was 
referred to the Governor and Council, who granted a "number of opulent 
merchants of Portsmouth," proprietors of the proposed iron works at Lamprey 
river, a slip of land at the head of the Dover line, two miles in breadth (six 
miles long) for the use of the iron works. This was called the "Two-mile- 
slip." The "opulent merchants" never developed the iron works, but they held 
onto the land grant as mud: as possible. It was called New Portsmouth by the 
grantees. As nothing had been done about the iron works, a town meeting 
was held in Portsmouth, March 26, 1722, and it was "voted that the village 
of New Portsmouth be divided amongst the inhabitants of the town of 
Portsmouth according to their town rate in the year 1721 ; and that no man be 
accounted an inhabitant but those persons who have been rated for four years 
last past." 



A short while before this action of the Governor and Council and the 
Assembly the town of Portsmouth had generously paid tlie expense of making 
repairs on the King's warship Barrington, while in port there ; in this year, 
1722, the taxpayers of that town were kindly rememljered by the Provin- 
cial authorities who presented them with a tract of land, west of Dover line, 
six miles wide and thirteen miles long, and they named it Barrington in honor 
of the ship the taxpayers had paid the expense of repairing. 

The Journal of the General Assembly has the following, May 10, 1722: 
"Several Charters being prepared by order of His Excellency the Gov. and 
Council for granting sundry tracts of land in this province and incorporat- 
ing the Grantees was this day laid before the board, and being read were 
signed and sealed (namely) : 

1st. Chester, Charter dated ye 8th inst. 

2. Nottingham 1 

3. Barrington V dated this day. 

4. Rochester J 

Copies of which Charters are on file." 
The following is the Charter as given in Vol. XXIV, page 423, of the State 
Papers : 

George, and by the Grace of God and ul Great liritain, France & Ireland, 
King, Defender of the faith &c. 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting : Know ye that 
We of our Especial Knowledge & mere Motion for the Due Encouragement of 
settling a New Plantation by & with the advice and consent of our Council 
have given & Granted and by these Presents (as far as in us lyes) do give and 
grant unto all our Lo\ing Subjects as are at present Inhabitants of our Town 
of Portsmo within our Province of New Hampshire and have paid Rates in 
the Said Town for four years last past to be divided among them in proportion 
to their Respective Town Rates which they paid the year last past and the 
record of which is to be found in their Town Book and is agreeable to their 
Petition preferred for that Purpose: 

All that tract of land contained within the following Bounds (viz) — to 
begin at the End of two miles upon a line Run Upon a Northwest point, half 
a point more northerly from Dover head line at the end of four miles and a 
half westward from Dover; North East Corner Bounds and run upon the 
aforesaid point of Norwest half A Point more northerly eleven miles into the 
Country and from thence Six miles upon a straight line to Nottingham northerly 
Corner bound; then to begin again at the end of the two miles aforesaid and 
to run upon a parallel line with Dover headline six miles to Nottingham Side 
line and from thence Eleven miles along Nottingham side line to Nottingham 
Northerly Comer bounds. And also we give and grant in manner as afore- 
said all that tract of land lying between Dover headline & the aforesaid granted 


tract of Land, it being in breadth six miles upon Dover head Line aforesaid 
and two miles in depth from the said Dover liead line to the aforesaid granted 
tract of land, to our Loving Subjects the present Proprietors of the Iron 
Works lately set up at Lamprey Ri\er (viz) The Hon'ble John W'entworth, 
Esq., George Jeffrey, Esq., Archibald Macphaedrie Esq. & Mr. Robert Wilson, 
for their encouragement & Accomodation to carry on & maintain the aforesaid 
Iron Works, the aforesaid two tracts of land, to be a Town Corporate by the 
name of Barrington, to the persons aforesaid forever — to have and to hold the 
said two tracts of land to the Grantees & tlieir heirs & assigns forever upon the 
following conditions : — 

1st That they build fifty dwelling houses and settle a family in each 
within seven ^-ears and break up three Acres of Ground for each Settlement 
& plant or sow the Same within Seven Years. 

2dly That a Meeting-House be built for the Publick Worship of God 
within the term of Seven Years. 

3dly That two hundred Acres of Land be reserved for a Parsonage, two 
hundred Acres for the Minister of the Gospel & one hundred Acres for the 
Benefit of a School. 

Provided nevertheless that the peace withe Indians continue during the 
aforesaid term of Seven '^'ears. But if it should happen that a war with the 
Indians should commence before the expiration of the term of se\'en years, 
aforesaid, there shall be allowed to the aforesaid Proprietors the term of Seven 
Years after the expiration of the War for the performance of the aforesaid 

Rendering and paying therefore to us, our heirs & Successors, or such other 
officer or officers as shall be appointed to receive the same, the Annual Quit 
Rent or acknowledgement of one pound of good, merchantable hemp in the 
said town on the first day of December, yearly, forever, if demanded, Reserv- 
ing also unto us, our heirs & Successors all Mast-trees growing on said land, 
According to the Acts of Parliament in that case provided, And for the better 
order, rule & Government of the Said Town we do by these Presents Grant 
for us, our heirs & Successors unto said Men & Inhabitants, or thos that shall 
inhabit Said Town, yearly & every year, upon the last Wednesday in March, 
they shall meet to Elect & Chuse by the Major Part of them. Constables, Select- 
men and all other Town Officers according to the Laws & Usage of our afore- 
said Province, for the Ensueing, with such Powers, Privileges & Authoritys 
as other Town Officers within our Aforesaid Province, have & enjoy. 

In Testimony whereof we have Caused the Seal of our said Province to be 
hereunto Annexed. Witness Samuel Shute, Esq, our Governor & Com- 
mander-in-Chieff of our Said Province at our Town of Portsmo, the tenth 
day of May in the Eighth year of our reign Anno. Domini 1722, 

Samuel Shute. 

By his Excellencys Command 
with advice of the Council, 

Richard W'aldron, Clerk — Com — 



The first meeting of the proprietors was held in Portsmouth May 28, 
1722, with Richard \\'ibert as moderator, and Clement Hughs clerk. They 
then drew lots for selecting the place where they would take their number 
of acres. In Vol. IX of the Provincial Papers, page 41, is found the 

"A List of the original Proprietors of the Town of Barrington with the 
Rate which each man Paid & by which the Quantity of Acres each man had is 
ascertained at the rate of two Pence pr acre & also the number of Each Lot as 
the Same was drawn by each Propr or his Constituent" 

Names. Acres. 

Henry Keese 270 

Thos Hammett ... 60 

John Moor T2 

Francis Rand .... 60 
Benja Gamblin . . . 330 
Eleazr Russell .... 96 
Widow Hatch .... 60 
Edward Cater .... 120 

Wm White 90 

Revd Rogers 360 

James Libby 120 

Saml Allcock 210 

Jno Roberts 210 

Saml Hart 180 

Jno Shack ford ... 210 
Joseph Holmes ... 1 50 

Wm Warren 60 

Jno Shores 60 

Doctr Baley 96 

Wm Bridgham ... 96 
Agnis Russell .... 30 

Thos, Phips 300 

Richd Wibird 660 

Thos Westbrook 300 
Wm Cotten Junr. . 120 
Peter Greeley .... 120 
Ephm Dennet .... 360 
Widow Hunking . . 108 
Hen Sherburn Jun. 90 

Wm Lowde 192 

Jno Plaisted 414 

Joseph Moses .... 72 
Benja Langley .... 96 
Jno Savage 72 

Names Acres. 

Richd Cutt -ji 

Widow Walker ... 48 
Widow Jackson ... 90 
Wm Bradden .... 72 
Widow Taple}^ ... 120 
Benja Akerman . . 120 

Saml Hinks 'j2 

Henry Slooper . . . 276 
Thomas .SiI:)son . . . 180 

Thos Main jz 

Thos Crocket 78 

James Spinney .... 120 

Edward Cate 120 

Richd Waterhouse. 180 

Richd Cross 120 

Thomas Ayre .... 150 
Reuben Abbott ... "ji 
Capt Wm Cotten . . 150 

Jno Brewster 150 

Jno. Hooper 60 

Josiah Clark 120 

Wm Amoss 72 

Jno Hill 96 

Edward Toogood . 144 

Saml Hewett 108 

Alex Dennett .... 180 
Mathew Nelson . . 150 
Nathl Tuckerman. . 132 

Tim Davis 96 

Jonathan Stoodlv . 120 
Geo. Banfill ..."... 84 

Ed Phillips 54 

Jno Deverson .... -jz 
Joseph Fannin .... 90 

Names. Acres. 

Geo Walker y2 

Edward Cate Jun. . 150 
Joseph Miller .... 90 
Richd Waldron ... 216 
Thos Harvey .... 150 
Saiul Sherburn ... 120 
Walter Warren ... 120 

Wm Cross 72 

Jos Allcock 168 

Thos Beck 90 

Jacob Lavis -jz 

Caleb Grafton ... 30 
Jno Churchill .... 60 

Doctor Pike 240 

Ambs Slooper .... 180 

Jos Moulton 138 

Abrm Jones 150 

Thos Beck Junr. . 78 

Abrm Bartlett y2 

Mich Whidden ... 210 

James Moses 90 

Jno Abbot 84 

Thos Moore ji 

Wm Frost 72 

Wm Lewis 90 

Jno Savage 150 

Jno Peverly Jun . . 96 
Solomon Cotten . . 72 
William Hunking. . 30 
Saml Shackford . . 210 

Jno Cotton 144 

Doctor Ross 96 

Tno Ham 48 

Michl Whidden Jr 84 





Robert Armstrong 

Bishop. . 
Joseph Pitman 
Thos Gotten . 
Thos Barns . . 
Michl Kennard 
Wm Knight . . 
Jno Clark . . . 
Thos Landell . 
Ed Pendexter 
Jno Lear .... 
Jethro Furber 
Stephen Greenleaf 
Stephen Lang . 
Jno Jones .... 
Jno Grindal . . . 
Nathl Peverly . 
Thos Packer . . 
James Jaffrey . 

Jer Neal 

David Gardiner 
Nathl Lang . . . 
Philip Gammon 

Peter Ball 

Joshua Pierce . 
Jno Hooker . . . 
Thos Sherburn 
Zac Leach .... 
Richd Pashley . 
Richd Tobey . . 
^^'ido\v Marshall 

Jno Cutt 

Moses Caverly 
Jno Mardin . . . 
Jno Hardeson . 
Saml Penhallow 
Richd Jose . . . 
Wm Fainveather 
Ephm Jackson 
Colo Hunking 
Widow Martin 
\Vm Peverly . 
Benja. Lucv . 
Robert Almary . . 
Gov. Wentworth . 





















Names. Acres. 

Abraham Libby ... y2 
Saml Banfield .... 180 
Charles Brown ... 54 

Thos Greely ^2 

Wm Parker 240 

Sampson Babb .... 240 

Jno Lang 126 

Tim Waterhouse . . 150 

Henry Beck 72 

Saml Ham 156 

Abraham Barns ... 60 
\Vidow Almary ... 30 
Jno Roberson .... 144 
Anthony Row Junr 2~ 
Jno Bradford 
Nehemiah Partridge 
Peter Moore 
Thos Wilkinson 
Philip Babb . . 
Benja Cotton 
Jos Buss . . . , 
Saml Winkley 
Benja Aliller 
James Pitman 
Christr Noble 
Thos Wright 
Robert Ward 
\\'idow Pitman 

Son Jabez . 
Jno Ford .... 
George Pierce 
Colo Vaughan 
Wm Gotten . , 
Wm Bams . . , 
Richd Swain , 
Jno Cowel . . , 
Wm Ross . . 
James Sherburn 
Nathl Melcher 
Jno Sherburn 
Thos Peirce . 
Peter Abbot . . 
Jno Edmonds 
Thos Walden 
Hen Sherburn 


























Names. Acres. 

Saml Brewster ... 90 

Jno Davis 120 

Jno Libby 144 

Roger Swain 84 

Widovv- Briard ... 36 

Jno Almary 120 

Tobias Langdon . . 240 

Richd Elliot 96 

Hen Bickford .... 96 
Obadiah IMorse ... 48 
Nathl Odiorne ... 108 

Geo Jaffrey 600 

Mathew James ... 120 
Jos Sherburn .... 354 

Jno Pray 138 

Capt. Hen Sherburn 552 

Jno Peverly 96 

Wm Terret 24 

Jno Skillings 96 

Richd Saulridge . . 108 

Ed Ayers 210 

Saml Monson .... 120 
Daniel Jackson ... 72 
Nath Robertson . . 60 
Moses Ingraham . . 120 

James Leach 90 

Jona Partridge ... 72 
Jno S h e r b u r n's 

widow 24 

Ed Wells 120 

Stepn Noble 90 

Steph Noble 60 

Wm Bennet 120 

Hen Seaward .... 120 
Thos Larraby .... 120 
Nathl Fellows .... y2 
Mar^r Moore Alis 

Leach 30 

Geo Ayers 96 

Arch Hunking ... 72 

Hugh Banfill 108 

Amos Furnell .... 150 
Abraham Dent ... 6 
Saml Rhymes .... 96 
Saml Clark 132 


Names. Acres. Names. Acres. Names. Acres. 

Cha Banfill 60 Alex Miller 180 Widow Nelson & 

Alex Roberts .... 180 Anthony Roe .... 60 Son 150 

Capt. Geo Walker. 300 Capt. Tobias Lang- Francis Ditty .... 60 

Saml Pitman 90 don 300 Jos Mead 108 

Geo Townsend . . . 108 Ezek Pitman 120 Jno Collings 60 

Saml Snell 36 James Stootly .... 30 Joseph Sibson .... 120 

Saml Waterhouse . 24 Clemt Hughs 180 Laz Noble 60 

Jno Sparks yz Jno Drew 120 Laz Holmes 42 

Jno Davis 90 Jos Berry 61 .-Vbraham Center . . q6 

Jno Cross 30 Jacob Tash 90 Not drawn 

Benja Cross 210 Daniel Quick .... 96 Not drawn 

Nathl Mendam . . . 240 Jer Libby 180 Not drawn 

Robert Pickering. . 72 Jno Preston 120 Not drawn 

Arch Macphadris . 600 Wm Fellows 240 Not drawn 

Moses Paul 210 Saml Brown yi Jer Calf 72 

At a meeting held June 14, 1722, it was voted to give forty-two lots of 
forty acres each, as near the centre of the town as the land would admit, to 
such persons as would fulfill the conditions of the charter. Considerable diffi- 
culty was found in getting settlers to take up the land on those conditions. 
After sundry meetings a number of persons were found who agreed to take 
the forty-acre lots and settle upon them, when a committee was chosen to 
proceed to Barrington with the proposed settlers and lay out their lots. 

This committee reported, June 27, 1727, that after having been upon the 
land, and having with them certain persons who had agreed to settle, "the 
land proving to be so extraordinary bad by reason of its being so extremely 
rocky and stony that none of those present would accept it," and they thought 
it "impracticable to settle upon it." 




During the first thirty years, 1732 to 1753, all the meetings of the pro- 
prietors were held in Portsmouth, and quite a number were held at different 
times. At the one held January 29, 1732, it was voted "that 100 acres of land 
out of the town commons be given to each proprietor that shall appear in 15 
days and give bond with good security to the value of one hundred pounds 
each, that each of them shall build a house, and perform every other article 
that the charter obliges a settler to do (within one year), provided the num- 
ber exceed not forty-two, and the same give in their names to the dark." 

It was also voted, August 7, 1732, to give to each settler of the forty-two 
forty-acre lots, one forty-second part of all surplus and undivided lands in 

It appears that these last liberal offers were sufficient to secure the re- 
quired number of settlers, and the proprietors came in possession of the town. 
In 1741 the proprietors asked for and received of the General Assembly 
power to raise and collect rates upon themselves the same as possessed by 

"The following is a list of Rates on the Poles and Estates of Township 
of Barrington in the Province in the year 1742." 

(The figures denote shillings and pence.) 

Joseph Ellis. 11 ; John Mackmatle, 11 ; Robert Macdaniel, 11; James 
Gray, 10; Sampson Babb, 10 6; Charles Felker, lO', Samuel Frost. Jr., 10 6 
Paul Hayes, 10; Jonathan Church, 10: William Howard, 10: Richard Swain 
10; William Cate. 12; John Ellis, 6 6: Thomas Ellis, 6: John Shepard, 6 6 
Samuel Dillay, 9; Robert Bamford, 5; George Gear, 6; Charles Bamford, 6 
Robert Macdaniel, 6: John Macdaniel, 6; Xehemiah Macdaniel, 6; John Rand 
6; Arthur Caverley, 6: Thomas Dock, 5 ; John Leighton, 6 6; Peter Morse, 6 6 
Solomon Snell, 6 6; Joshua Frost, 6; George Gray. 5 ; Joshua Foss, 6 6; James 
Shute. 6: Richard Balib, 6; Michael Felker. 6; Samuel Fost, 6 6; Richard 
Knight, 4: Timotliy Tibbetts, 4: Joseph Johnson, 4; Thomas Johnson, 4; 
Richard Eliot. 2: John Waterhouse, 4. Thomas Shippard, 10. 



There appear to have been living on the Two-mile Streak in the year 
1747 sixteen families and upwards of ninety inhabitants, who petitioned 
the Provincial Governor and General Assembly for protection against the 


May it please yr Excellence wee make bould To Truble yr Excellence & 
yr honourable Council taking into Consideration our Dangerous Condition of 
our Enimys, the want of what men you shall think proper to Steate One the 
two Garresons at Two-Mile-Streik In Barrington, being obliged to leave our 
Wemen & Children Exposed in said houses, Otherwise our Crojjes must suffer. 
Our dependence is on yr Excellence & that you will not let us be any longer 
in Such a Condition, being the Needfull, and are e\'er yr Excellences humbl 

J. W. Macmath, 
Thos. Sheephard. 

Two-Mile-Streak in Barrington. Jan. the 15, 1747. 

Governor Wentworth and his council did not appear to pay any attention 
to this petition, so the following was sent to them in the next month : 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth, Esqr., Governor and Commander-m- 

Chief in and over the Province of New Hampshire, The Honorable His 

Majesty's Councill and House of Representatives in General Assembly 


The petition of Thomas Shepherd in behalf of himself and the other Inhabi- 
tants of the Two-Mile-Streak (so called) in the Township of Barrington in 
said Province most humbly shew that there are sixteen families settled within 
the said Two-Mile-Streak, containing upwards of ninety Persons, in all, That 
the Situation of the same is such that the Inhabitants are very much exposed 
unto the Indian Enemy. 

That the Summer past the laboring People there were obliged to leave their 
wives and children at home unarmed & defenceless whilst they went out about 
their business of husbandry, having no soldiers there to guard and protect them. 

That they are in great fear that the Indians will destroy some of them the 
approaching Spring and Summer, if they tarry there, unless the Government 
Allows them Some Protection. That in Case the said Indians move in, it will 
give the Enemy an advantage, besides that thereby your Petitioners' Planta- 
tion, where they raise Considerable Provision, will lay unimproved. 

Wherefore, your Petitioners most humbly Pray your Excellency and Hon- 
ours to take their Case under Consideration and to allow them such a number of 
Soldiers & for such time as you shall judge reasonable, and your Petitioners 
as in duty Bound shall ever pray. 

Febry. 23d, 1747. Thomas Shepherd. 

In Council March 8th, 1747, read and ordered to be sent Down the Honbl. 


Theodore .--Xtkinson, Secy. 


A' — 

'>')u ,:.»'. .--I*' r-Jt'* ■ 

— V'4''*i""J|M|i''"' • •'■'• rj'S^ 




N. H. 




1 he result of that petition and others hke it from other towns was that 
a company of soldiers was kept on patrol duty, under command of Captain 
Jonathan Longfellow of Nottingham, all summer along the northern bound- 
ary line of the towns from Chester to Rochester, those towns included, to keep 
watch and guard to announce the approach of the enemy at any point. It 
does not appear that any families were attacked in Barrington. 

It appears from these petitions that the first settlements in Barrington 
were made in the Two-mile Streak, between 1732 and 1740. The Lamprev 
River Iron \\'orks proprietors did not settle any of their workmen there, 
as they did not manufacture any iron or have any workmen to settle in their 
"Xew Portsmouth." The north boundary line of the "Streak" runs parallel 
with the Dover, Mudbury and Lee headlines and two miles from it. This 
line crosses the carriage road north of Green Hill near where the Xasluia and 
Rochester railroad bridge is; it is one quarter of a mile north of the Con- 
gregational church at "Hard Scrabble;" about one-third of a mile north of the 
outlet of Swain's Pond; and one-third of a mile north of the True William 
AIcDaniel residence, near the line between Barrington and Nottingham. The 
first settlement was begun in the vicinity of where the Congregational church 
now is, and among the first men there was Captain William Cate, who built 
the first garrison house, in town, there and it stood there until 1870, more 
than one hundred and thirty years. It is known that one other garrison 
was built a little later, in the Two-Mile Streak, by Captain Mark Hunking 
of Portsmouth. It stood north of Winkley's Pond, and a short distance 
north of where the Nashua and Rochester railroad crosses the carriage road 
at that point. So far as known these were the only garrisoned houses in 
Barrington. Captain Cate was one of the leading men for many years. 
He was a commander of a company of provincial militia. When the settlers 
on the Two-Mile Streak wanted any public business to be transacted they 
had him placed at the head of the committee to see that it was done. He 
was chainnan of the first board of Selectmen elected in 1753. His son 
William Cate' Jr., also was active in public affairs during the Revolution, as 
also was his son John Cate. 

Captain Mark Hunking, son of Col. Mark Hunking of Portsmouth, was 
a famous sea captain. He was born in Portsmouth about 1700; he died in 
Barrington in 1775; his family resided in Portsmouth until after 1750. He 
was one of the Selectmen of Barrington in 1762, 1763 and 1764, and was a 
prominent citizen in town for many years. In his business as sea captain he 
sailed his ship to all parts of the world, and acquired much wealth. In one 
of his later voyages to the West Indies, about 1750, he brought home a jet 
black negro girl eleven years old. She lived to be more than a hundred years, 


dying in Barrington about 1840. She was a slave in the Hunking and the 
Winkley famihes all her life, and was the last slave who died in New Hamp- 
shire. During the last few years of his life Captain Hunking was afflicted 
with rheumatism; as he could not get around very well he had an arm 
chair made with trucks under it, and in this his colored slave, Agnes, used 
to wheel him about the house and the dooryard as he might wish to go. In 
her old age she lived with the Winkley family, one of Captain Hunking's 
daughters married Francis Winkley of Portsmouth and lived a near neighbor 
to the Hunking garrison. A grandson of this daughter of the Captain, 
Henry Winkley, who was born there, became a very wealthy merchant in 
Philadelphia; he was born in 1803 and died in the Quaker City in 1888; in 
1879 he gave to Dartmouth College several thousand dollars to endow a 
professorship in Anglo Saxon and English Language, which is known as the 
Winkley Professorship. 

Captain Hunking owned another negro slave, named Richard, as appears 
in Rev. Dr. Jeremy Belknap's record of marriages ; his record says : Married, 
"Dec. 26, 1774, Richard, negro servant of Mark Hunking, Esq., of Barring- 
ton, and Julia, negro servant to Stephen Evans, Esq., of Dover, by consent 
of their respective Masters." Col. Steven Evans was Dover's most distin- 
guished military officer in the Revolutionary War. At that period there were 
reported to be three negro slaves in Barrington. Probably the third one was 
the servant of Captain John Drew, a distinguished officer in the Rexolution. 
That may have been the last wedding of negro slaves in New Hampshire, 
but probably not as there was quite a colony of slaves in Portsmouth until 
after the Revolution. In 1790 the census does not report any slaves in the 
town. On account of disagreement among the owners the Hunking garri- 
son was allowed to go to ruin, but a part of it was standing in 1899, when 
the writer visited the spot, and found the grave of Captain Hunking and 
members of his family. The burial ground is on the south side of the rail- 
road and not far from where the carriage road crosses the railroad. The 
garrison was on an elevation a few rods north of where the raiload crosses 
between it and Winkley's pond. In 1832, when the house was. in good con- 
dition, one of Barrington's most distinguished sons was born in it — Col. 
Daniel Hall now of Dover, a biographical sketch of whom can be found else- 
where in this book. 

The Two-Mile Streak is the historic part of Barrington. In it are Green 
Hill, on and around which, among the early settlers, were the families of 
Hayes, Wiggin, Young, Horn, Tibbetts, later. Gray, Hall and Waterhouse. 
Beauty Hill at the east of Swain's Pond and north of the Hunking Garrison 
is for the most part in this Streak; it was here that Richard Swain was one of 


the earliest settlers. Some of its descendants live there now. Francis Winkly 
was another of the early immigrants from Portsmouth who settled in the 
neighborhood of the pond which bears that family's name. Other families 
in the Streak were Bumford, Watson, Young, Daniels, Woodman, Locke, 
Church, Oilman, Whitehouse, Chesley, Hall, McDaniels, Waldron, Foss, 
Peirce, Rendall, Ellis, Brown and Evans. All these names can be found in 
the families there now. From these families many sons have won distinc- 
tion in various parts of the country. 



At a meeting of the proprietors of Barrington held in Portsmouth 
March 31, 1731, it was voted to build a meeting-house for the worship of 
God, and to locate it as near the center of the town as the land would admit, 
and fifty pounds were appropriated for that purpose. Nothing was done 
under that vote, but eleven years later, 1742, at a meeting of the proprietors 
it was voted "that a meeting-house be built at the charge of the proprietors, 
and they appropriated 200 pounds for that purpose, and stated the dimensions 
to be forty-four feet long and thirty-six feet wide." 

The following were appointed a committee to locate and sui)erintend the 
construction of the house : Thomas \^' right. Timothy W'aterhouse and Capt. 
William Gate. At a meeting held June 2. 1742, it was \oted that "one 
hundred and twenty pounds be appropriated for shingling, flooring and under- 
pinning the meeting-house." 

This house was located and first stood at the foot of Waldron's Hill, on 
or near land now owned by Mrs. William C. Buzzell. This location pro\-ed 
to be very inconvenient for the settlers, as the most of them lived near the 
Gate Garrison and around Green Hill. At a meeting of the proprietors, 
held June 14, 1752, they "voted to grant liberty to the present inhabitants of 
Barrington to move the meeting-house from the present lot to land of Samuel 
and Nathan Foss." 

The house was taken down and moved to this lot, where it stood as late 
as 1854, after which it was removed and converted into a dwelling. 

A town meeting was held Nov. 18, 1754, to consider the propriety of 
settling Rev. Joseph Prince as minister of the town. A committee was 
chosen to inquire into his character and cpialifications. Favorable reports of 
him being received from ministers of the Piscataqua Association, it was 
voted. Feb. 22, 1735, to give him a call. 

The Congregational Church of Barrington was organized June 18, 1755, 
at which time Rev. Mr. Prince was installed. Mr. Prince was a blind man, 
and ser\'ed the church as pastor thirteen years. 



To show that the men of that time were prompt in paying the minister's 
salary, and careful in doing business, the following receipt, bearing Mr. 
Prince's autograph, is copied from tlie tow n records : 

"Received of ye Selectmen of ye town of Harrington this nth Day of 
April, 1/57, two hundred & fifty Pounds, old tenor, in full, for my salary from 
ye Beginning of ye world to this Present Day. I say Received by me, 

"Joseph Prince." 

In the year 1770, John Garland and Samuel Brewster, in behalf of the 
church and parish, asked the General Assembly for authority to conduct the 
afifairs independent of the town meeting, setting forth as a reason that certain 
inhabitants who called themselves Quakers, and other separators from any 
religious body, and members of the Church of England, cause great con- 
fusion whenever a town meeting is held to settle a minister according to the 
laws of the province. Their request was granted. 

Rev. David Tenney was pastor from Sept. 18, 1771, to Oct. 26, 1778; 
Benjamin Balch was pastor from Aug. 25, 1784, till 181 5, when he died, 
aged seventy-four years; Cephas H. Kent was pastor from Oct. 2>, i8j8, 
till May 3. 1830; Samuel H. Merrill from Feb. 2t^, 1831, to Aug. 10, 1835; 
Samuel Nichols from Sept. 20, 1S37, to Oct. 26, 1847. The present house 
of worship was built in 1840. Theodore Wells was pastor from June 9, 
1845, to May 10, 1859. After this the church was served by non-installed 
pastors, as follows : For five 3-ears and seven months by Rew Charles W'illey, 
to March, 1865; from June, 1865, by Rev. Josiah S. Amies; from May, 
1869. by Rev. Ezra Haskell; from September, 1875, to September, 1877, 
by Rev. Albert Watson and James De Buchanan. From 1877 to 1887 the 
Rev. E. F. Borchers was minister for the church. Since, there have have 
been several pastors, all worthy and able men, and the church organization 
is in a flourishing condition. 

Baptists. — In the year 1779 a Baptist Church was formed in the north- 
westerly part of Barrington. Its membership soon extended over a large 
part of what is now Strafford. Several active members lived in that part of 
Barrington called Canaan, where regular meetings of worship were held. 

The first record of a church organization in that neighborhood began in 
1818. At a conference meeting iield Fel). 8, 1819. those present expressed 
their wish to become a Church of Christ, taking the New Testament as 
their rule of faith and practice, and to become connected with the New 
Durham Quarterly Meetings, and chose George Seaward ruling elder and 
Pomphret Pearey deacon. In 1851 the church was reorganized as the Straf- 
ford and Barrington South Free Baptist Church. In 1861 a large part of 


its members withdrew and formed a church in StraiYord. Since then its 
members have, for the most part, Hved in Barrington, where its meetings 
of worship have been held, and has been known as the Canaan Free Baptist 
Church. Six Free Baptist ministers and one Congregational minister have 
grown up under the influence of this church. In 1881 a house of worship 
was built. Present membership, 65 ; A. E. Boyerton, pastor. 

Through the labors of Rev. S. B. Dyer, of Nottingham, a Free Baptist 
Church was formed in the year 1820, in the south part of Barrington, known 
as the First Barrington Free Baptist Church. In 1830, Samuel Sherburne 
was ordained pastor, which relation was continued till his death in 1861. 
In addition to preaching Mr. Sherburne taught school much of his time, and 
exerted a wide influence in this and adjoining towns. Their meeting-house 
was built in 1847. The church has since been supplied by different men, 
among whom were Revs. P. Chesley, U. Chase, L. Malvern and A. C. Peaslee. 

In 182 1 another Free Baptist Church was formed in Barrington near 
Nottingham line. It kept up its organization for a few years without a 
pastor or house of worship. 

About the year 1834 a Free Baptist Church was formed in the north- 
westerly part of the town, known as the Third Church. It enjoyed consid- 
erable prosperity for a few years, when it was disbanded, and its members 
generally joined the churches in Strafford. 

Methodism. — Methodist meetings were commenced in this town about 
the year 1833, by Rev. Mr. Walcot, in what was then known as the Blake 
schoolhouse, and a church was organized soon after. In 1835, a meeting- 
house was built, and the pulpit was supplied by appointments from the Con- 
ference some ten or twelve years. During this time the attendance was large 
and much prosperity was enjoyed. Afterwards the number of members was 
greatly reduced by death and removal from town. The Conference with- 
drew its appointments, and no meetings have been held since. The meeting 
house was taken down about 1885. 

Friends. — A few Quaker families settled on Waldron's Hill, and built a 
meeting-house. It stood on land now owned by George S. Tuttle. What 
its dimensions were or how long it was used are not known, as it was taken 
away before the days of the oldest inhabitants living. 




When the Association Test was presented to each man in Barrington by the 
selectmen, William Cate, Jr., Silas Drew and John Kingman, 200 signed 
it and twelve refused to sign, being Quakers and opposed to war or bearing 
arms as the "Test" required ; those men of conscience were : Da\id Drew, 
Samuel \\'illiams, William Durgen, Jonathan Swain, Jonathan Clark, Elijaii 
Tuttle, Jeremiah Tibets, Daniel Clark, John Buzzel, Thomas Caverly, Richard 
Swain and John Evens. 

Of the 200 signers nearly two-thirds of them served in the army, more 
or less. Capt. John Drew had the longest and most conspicuous service. 
Several of the citizens were active and efficient in official positions of quite 
as much importance as being soldiers in the army. 

At a town meeting called Feb. 7, 1774, to consider the infrmgement of 
the rights of the American colonies by the British government, the following 
resolutions were unanimously passed : 

1. That liberty is the birthright of every Englishman, an essential part 
of which is a power, vested only in themselves or their representatives, to 
dispose of their property, and the inhabitants of this town are a part of his 
British majesty's liege subjects, and have a right to all the privileges of such 
subjects and of Englishmen, so we apprehend we cannot be legally taxed by 
any power on earth but what is delegated by ourselves. 

2. That the laying a duty on teas by the British Parliament, to be paid 
upon their being landed here, is an infringement upon the natural rights of 
Englishmen, and is calculated to carry into execution the plan of despotism 
adopted by the British ministry, has a direct tendency to subvert our happy 
Constitution, and to reduce us to a state a little short of African slavery. 

3. That it is the duty of every honest man to exert his utmost ability 
in opposing every efTort of the enemies of our liberties to enslave us, that 
by this means we may be instrumental of transmitting unimpaired (through 
the ravages of time) our liberties down to the latest posterity. 



4. That we will not directly or indirectly purchase any of the teas sent 
here by the East India Company or suffer it to be used in our families, and 
those who dissent from this resolve we shall esteem as enemies to their 
country, pests to society, and as friends to slavery, and that they ought to be 
treated with neglect by every true-hearted Briton. 

5. That the thanks of this town be given to every comnninity and indi- 
vidual that have exerted themselves in this noble and glorious cause of freedom. 

The selectment took a census of the inhabitants Sept. 14, rjjq, and reported 
twenty-five men in the army. 

At a town meeting held in April, 1777, "Voted to make a bounty to 
enlisted men, including what the state pays, fifty pounds." 

Sept. 15, 1777, "Voted that the men who enlist join General Stark at 

April 13, 1778, "Voted twenty pounds lawful money to nine months' 
men in addition to the State and Continental bounties.'-' 

The population of the town by census of 1790 was 2,478. In 1800 it 
was 2,773; iri 1810 the number was 3,504, exceeding the present population 
of Barrington and Strafford (Old Barrington). 

According to the census of 1810, Portsmouth was the largest town in 
the state, Gilmanton second, and Barrington third. Like many other farm- 
ing towns, the population has not increased. 

The town records do not show that any action was taken by the town in 
regard to the War of 1812. 

The men who were required were drafted. 

When there was a threatened invasion at Portsmouth an entire regiment 
was called out from Barrington, Dover, and some of the adjoining towns. 

Capt. John W. Hayes' company, of this town, was called out in full. 
This regiment marched to Portsmouth under the command of Col. Isaac 
Waldron, of Barrington, and remained there fourteen days. 

It is sufficient to say of Barrington in the War of the Rebellion that its 
citizens volunteered promptly at the call of the President, and the voters with 
great unanimity appropriated money and instructed its officers to furnish 
the men to fill the several quotas of the town, that no citizen be compelled to 
go to the war against his will. 

Nearly all of its soldiers were to be found in the ranks, three only going 
out as commissioned officers, and their record in the field will compare fa- 
vorably with that of other towns, and is one of which the town has no reason 
to be ashamed. 



Daniel W. Allen, Joseph F. Ayers, Isaac Alien, Charles E. Arlin, George 
\V. Ariin, Albert Brown, Charles H. Brown, John I. Burnham, James Brown, 
Leonard Brown, Andrew E. Buzzell, Matthew Brown, Ailjert H. Berry, 
Alonzo F. Berry, John Brown, Jr., Ira Braydon, Lewis H. Buzzell, James W. 
Buzzell, Charles O. Buzzell, Daniel R. Berry, Daniel Brown, John A. Buzzell, 
Alden B. Cook, Darius E. Coverly, Oscar F. Corson, Isaac W. Cater, Mason 
Caverly, George W. Caverly, Albert W. Corson. Thomas Curran, Richard 
Callahan, Nathaniel Caverly, Samuel E. Caswell. James Clark, Joseph G. Clay, 
Harrison Capen, Thomas H. Colton, William H. Dearborn, James M. Davis, 
Asa C. Dame. Jonathan Dustin. George F. Demeritt, Lorenzo D. Drew, George 
W. Dame, Wright T. Ellison, John W. Emerson, William H. Ellison, William 
Earl, James P. Prescott, Duane T. Perkins, Benjamin E. Palmer, Richard 
Perry, George W. Rowe, Washington Rowe. Alfred Rowe. Auguste Roberts, 
James Ryan, Curtis Stimpson, Dennis Sullivan. John Smart, James B. Spinner, 
Daniel Smith, Joseph W. Smith, Nathaniel H. Seavey, Albert F. Seavey, Aus- 
tin F. Seavey. Joseph Seely, Galen Sherebate. George Scales, George W. 
Seavey, Samuel A. Foss. Oliver Fremont. William Faemancht. William A. 
Foss, Benjamin Fox, Henry Garmon. William H. Gray. Jacob Hall, Jeremiah 
Hall, Charles H. Hall, George Hoyt, Charles W. Hanson, John O. Hayes, 
George W. Hall. Franklin M. Howard, Levi F. Hall, Joseph Haynes, Jr., 
Charles F. Hall. Gilnian Hall, Jr., Benjamin Hall, Richard Jackson, George W. 
Jackson, Charles H. Jackson, Henry Johnson, Peter Kenney, Thomas E. Kil- 
roy, John Kelley, Stephen Leathers, Lyman Locke, John W. Locke, Henry 
Lord, Elisha E. Locke, John W. Locke. Daniel A. Lea, Irving C. Locke, Wain- 
wright M. Locke. George I". Locke, Hiram Morse, Joseph F. Mix, John J. 
Martin, Samuel S. Morrison, Joel H. Morrison. Patrick McGrath, John P. 
Mulligan. James McKay. George A. Nach, John P. Neal, Riester Ottis, George 
Scales. John Sullivan, Nelson Shepard. Alfred Stevenson, Wilhelm State, 
Charles E. Smith, George Thompson. George W. Thompson, Elijah Tuttle. 
John H. Twoml)ly. ]\Iiles B. Tibbets. Jonathan D. Thompson, Nathan Von- 
camp, Moses Willey, Jr., Joseph W'. Wade. Charles J. W^oods, James H. 
Witham, Samuel S. Willey, George WHiitfield, Samuel W'ood, Jeremiah \\'hite- 
house, William H. H. Young, George W. Young. 



The first town meeting of the settlers held in the town was called by Capt. 
William Gate and held at his house, known in the nineteenth century as the 
"Old Garrison." That house was taken do\\n in 1870 by Thomas Wright 
Hale, who owned it. It had been in a dilapidated condition for some years. It 
stood on "Hard-Scrabble Hill" on the east side of the road, a short distance 
north of the present church. Mr. Hale made a mistake, which he regretted 
too late, when he ordered the historic house to be taken down. 

The meeting was called by authority of the General Assembly of the 
province, which authorized the settlers to organize in regular town fashion. 
The meeting was held Aug. 30, 1753. m the meeting-house, and the following 
were chosen : Moderator, Arthur Daniellson ; clerk, Hugh Montgomery ; 
selectmen, William Gate, Sampson Babb, Phederece Macutchen. 

At the next annual town meeting, held March 27, 1754, chose Gapt. 
William Gate and Timothy Emerson a committee to petition the General 
Assembly for an act to "subject non-resident proprietors of land to bear part 
of expense of building meeting-house." Also for authority to lay out roads. 

In 1762 the following petition was presented to the General Assembly 
and granted : 

"Petition of Selectmen of Barrinyton. etc. 

"To his Excellency, Benning W'entworth, Esqr, Governor & Commander 
in Chief of his Majestys Province of New Hampshire, &c., &c. 

"Sir, — ^Whereas the town of Barrington lias for some years past paid a 
Considerable Pro\'ince Tax, and has upwards of 120 Poles in it, which we 
humbly hope Intitles us to ask the favour That we may Chuse one i\ssembly 
man to Represent said Town in ye General Assembly. 

"Therefore pray your Excellency would Vouchsafe to grant the Town of 
Barrington a Liberty to Chuse such a Representative to. appear for us in ye 



General Assembly of this Province, \\'hich favor we shall so duly esteem, and 
as in Duty Bound ever pray for tlie Supporter of our Privileges.' 

"Paul Hayes. 
"John Hayes. 
"Hezekiah Hayes. 
"?^Iark Hunking. 
"Francis Winklev, Jr. 
"John Garland, 
"Eleazer Young. 
"Wm. Gate, 


Portsmouth, Feb. iQth, 1762. 
Upon the above petition I have thought it for His Majesty's Service to 
Incert in the King's writ the Town of Harrington which please to fill up that 
they may send a precept to the Selectmen in time to make Choice of a ]iroper 
person to represent them in the next General Assembly. 

I am Sir Your hum Servt. 

B. Wentwortil 
To Hon. Theodore Atkinson, Esq. 

The town of Harrington elected its first representation that year, 1762, 
and continued to so elect annually until the change was made to biennial elec- 

At a town meeting held the first day of March, 1770, Deacon John Garland 
and Lieut. Samuel Brewster were elected a committee to secure from the 
General Assembly parish ix)wers "to transact our affairs relating to a minister 
separate from other affairs of the town and from other societies now sub- 
sisting in the town." 

Deacon Garland and Lieutenant Brewster attended to the business assigned 
them ; in doing so they stated that there were in the town "a number of 
inhabitants who call themselves Quakers, a number who are separatists from 
all denominations of Christians, and also a number of members of tlie Church 
of England, besides the common denomination called Congregationalists. 
That th.ere is no settled minister of that order nor any other in said town at 
present, but frequently lay teachers come there and encourage separations 
and divisions, as they alPbelong to the town, whenever there is a town meet- 
ing to consider of settling a minister as the law of the province directs ; they 
all attend and sometimes outvote the others, or introduce the greatest dis- 
order and confusion. 

The General Assembly considered the question and granted the prayer of 
the petitioners, March 30, 1770. 

Harrington town meetings in the nineteenth century were noted for many 
years for their large attendance of voters and the vigorous discussions that 
took place in regard to various town matters, till after the close of the Civil 


War. One of the most discussed topics was that of building new roads; 
some parties were always asking for a new road by tiieir farms ; others 
vigorously opposed these petitions, arguing tliat the present roads were sui- 
ficient; and also making a great protest against increasing the town taxes. 
Following are the town officers for the first hundred years, 1753 to 1854: 

town clerks .\nd selectmen from i753 to 1854 
[the first name is clerk] 

1753. — Hugh Montgomery, William Cate, Samson Babb, Phederece 

754. — Hugh Montgomery, Samuel Brewster, Benjamin Hayes, Joseph Cox. 
755. — Hugh Montgomery, Benjamin Hayes, Phederece Macutchen, Paul 

756. — Arthur Danielson. Benjamin Hayes, John Sherburne, Paul Hayes. 



Arthur Danielson, John Waterhouse, John Rennals, Benjamin Young. 

— Arthur Danielson, John Garland, Phederece Macutchen, Paul Hayes. 

— Arthur Danielson, Benjamin Hayes, John Rennals, Ephraim Holmes. 

— Arthur Danielson, Elizer Young, John Shepard, John Garland. 

— Arthur Danielson, Elizer Young, John Shepard, John Garland. 

— Arthur Danielson, Benjamin Hayes, Capt. Mark Hunking, Elizer 

763. — Arthur Danielson, Benjamin Hayes, Capt. Mark Hunking, Elizer 

764. — Arthur Danielson, Benjamin Hayes, Capt. Mark Hunking, Elizer 




-Arthur Danielson, Samuel Brewster, Benjamin Hall, Joseph Young. 

James Marden, Samuel Brewster, Joseph Young, Benjamin Hayes. 
— James Marden, Samuel Brewster, Richard Swain, Benjamin Hayes. 
— James Marden, Samuel Brewster, Richard Swain, Benjamin Hayes. 
— ^James Marden, Samuel Brewster, Richard Swain, Benjamin Hayes. 
— James Marden, Samuel Brewster, Richard Swain, Benjamin Hayes. 
— ^James Marden, John Cate, Abijah Pinkham, Joshua Foss, Jeremiah 
Tibbetts, Samuel Hayes. 
■JJ2. — James Marden, John Cate, Abijah Pinkham, Joshua Foss. 




— James Marden, Samuel Brewster. Abijah I^inkham, Thomas Tuttle. 

— James Marden, Benjamin Hayes, Richard Swain, John Cate. 

— John Cate, James Hayes, Richard Swain, William Cate, Jr. 

— John Cate, William Cate, Jr., Silas Drew, James Hayes. 

— John Cate, William Cate, Jr., Silas Drew, John Kingman. 

— John Cate, William Cate, Jr., Philip Caverly, Ephraim Holmes, Jr. 

— John Cate, Isaac Waldron, Philip Caverly, Joshua Foss. 

— Tohn Cate, Benjamin Hayes, Jacob Shepard, John Kingman. 

— John Cate, Thomas Fisher, Joseph Jackson, Paul Hayes. 

— John Cate, Benjamin Hayes, Samuel Brewster. William Cate, Jr. 

83. — John Cate, Peter Young, Eliphalet Cloutman. George Waterhouse. 


784. — John Gate, Peter Young, Eliphalet Cloutman, George Waterhouse. 

785. — John Gate, Peter Young, Elii;halet Cloutman, George W'aterhouse. 

786. — John Gate, Peter Young, EHphalet Cloutman, George W'aterhouse. 

787. — John Gate, Peter Young, Eliphalet Cloutman, George W'aterhouse. 

788. — ^John Gate, Eliphalet Cloutman, Silas Caldwell, William McDaniel. 

789. — John Gate, Samuel Hale, Eliphalet Cloutman, John Kingman. 

790. — John Gate, Samuel Hayes, Eliphalet Cloutman, Paul Hayes. 

791. — John Gate, Samuel Hale, Joseph Hayes, Joshua Foss. 

792. — John Gate, Samuel Hale, Eliphalet Cloutman, Paul Hayes. 

793. — John Gate, Samuel Hale, John Kingman, Paul Hayes. 

794. — John Gate, Samuel Hale, Eliphalet Cloutman, John Kingman. 

795. — John Gate, Samuel Hale, Iili]>halet Cloutman, John Kingman. 

796. — ^John Gate, Thomas W. Hale, Peter Young, John Kingman. 

797. — John Gate, John Pearl, Samuel Burnam, \\^illiam Foss. 

798. — John Gate, John Pearl, Levi Buzel, Samuel Hayes. 

799. — John Gate, Samuel Hayes, Levi Buzel, John Pearl. 

800. — John Gate, John Pearl, Levi Buzel, Samuel Hayes. 

801. — John Gate, John Pearl, Levi Buzel, Samuel Hayes. 

802. — John Gate, Ephraim Foss, Stephen Otis, Jonathan Rolierts. 

803. — John Gate, John Pearl, Samuel Hayes, Levi Buzel. 

804. — John Gate, John Pearl, Levi Buzel, Samuel Hayes. 

805. — Richard Gate, Samuel Hayes, Levi Buzel, George Foss (3d). 

806.- — Richard Gate, Levi Buzel, Azeriah Waldron, Andrew Leighton. 

807. — Eliphalet Cloutman, Levi Buzel, Azeriah W'aldron, .\ndrew Leighton. 

808-9. — Eliphalet Cloutman, Azeriah W^aldron, Job Otis, John McDaniel. 

810-1811.^ — Eliphalet Cloutman, Levi Buzel, Azeriah Waldron, Job Otis. 

812. — Eliphalet Cloutman, W^illiam Jones, James Foss, Jr., Azeriah W'aldron. 

813. — Thomas Hussey, Azeriah W^aldron, Levi Buzel. John Kingman. 

814. — Thomas Hussey, Levi Buzel, John Kingman, Edmund Ga\erly. 

815. — Thomas Hussey, Capt. Azeriah W'aldron, John Kingman, Edmund 

816. — Thomas Hussey, Azeriah Waldron, Tobias Roberts, Edmund Caverly. 
817. — Thomas Hussey, Tobias Roberts, John Kingman, Samuel Shackford, 

818. — Thomas Hussey, Tobias Roberts, Azeriah W aldron, John McDaniel. 
819. — Thomas Hussey, Tobias Roberts, John Caverly, Job W^aldron. 
820. — Thomas Hussey, Joshua Otis. John Caverly f 4th), John Waldron. 
821. — Thomas Hussey, Samuel Shackford, Jr., John Waldron, Isaac Daniels, 
822. — Thomas Hussey, John W^aldron, Jeremiah Buzzell, Elisha Woodbury. 
823. — Thomas Hussey, John Waldron, Isaac Daniels, David Winkley. 
824. — Thomas Hussey, John Waldron, Isaac Daniels, Jacob D. Foss. 
825. — Thomas Hussey, Elias Varney, Henry Hill, Jacob D. Foss. 
826. — Thomas Hussey, Elias Varney, Henry Hill, Ebenezer Buzzell. 
827. — Thomas Hussey, Ebenezer Buzzell, Isaac Daniels, Jeremiah Buzzell. 
828. — Thomas Hussey, Elias Varney, Samuel Sherburne, James Hanson. 
829. — Thomas Hussey, Samuel Sherburne, Samuel E. Buzzell, Aaron Young. 
830.— Micaiah S. Glough, Aaron Young, Samuel E. Buzzell, Jonathan Drew. 



183 1. — Thomas T. Hall, Jonathan Drew, Jonathan Young, Benjamin Odiorne. 
1832. — Thomas T. Hall, Jonathan Young, Benjamin Odiorne, Aaron Young. 
1833. — Ebenezer Buzzell, Aaron Young, Jonathan Young, Samuel F. Brewster. 
1834. — Ebenezer Buzzell, Samuel F. Brewster, Micaiah S. Clough, Jacob D. 

1835.— Ebenezer Buzzell, Jacob D. Foss, Micaiah S. Clough, Jeremiah Buzzell. 
1836. — Hiram Hall, Jacob D. Foss, Levi Felker, Jacob Sherburne. 
1837. — Hiram Hall, Micaiah S. Clough, Thomas Hussey, Jacob Sherburne. 
1838. — Benjamin Odiorne, Jacob D. Foss, Thomas Hussey, Jeremiah Buzzell. 
1839. — Benjamin Odiorne, Aaron Young, True William McDaniel, Jonathan 

1840. — Alexander Waterhouse, True William McDaniel, Hiram Hall, Nich- 
olas Caverly. 
1841. — Alexander Waterhouse, Hiram Hall, Benjamin Odiorne, Darius 

1842. — Thomas T. Hall, Oilman Hall, Samuel F. Brewster, John H. Wink- 
ley, Jr. 
1843. — ^ homas T. Hall, Benjamin Odiorne, John H. Winkley, John D. Peirce. 
1844. — Thomas T. Hall, Benjamin Odiorne, John H. Winkley, John D. Peirce. 
1845. — William Waterhouse, Oilman Hall, Elias Varney, Hezakiah Thompson. 
1846. — William Waterhouse, William H. Young, Lyman Locke, Elias Varney. 
i847.^William Waterhouse, William H. Young, Lyman Locke, Elisha 

Locke, Jr. 
1848. — William Waterhouse, Elisha Locke, Jr., True William McDaniel, John 

S. Caverly. 
1849. — William Waterhouse, True W. McDaniel, Solomon Waldron, John S. 

1850. — Benjamin Thompson, Hezakiah Thompson, John S. Buzzell, Albert W. 

185 1. — Benjamin Thompson, John S. Buzzell, Albert H. Daniels, Solomon 

1852. — William Waterhouse, Benjamin Odiorne, Smith Pearey, Seth W. 

1853. — Albert K. Waterhouse, Benjamin Odiorne, Smith Pearey, Seth W. 

1854. — Albert K. Waterhouse, Seth W. Woodman, Jonathan F. Berry, James 

B. Peirce. 



Col. Isaac Waldron was born in Madbury, March i6, 1747; he died in 
the Waldron house, near the railway station, May 3, 1841, in the ninety-fifth 
year of his age. He was son of Richard Kenney Waldron and his wife, 
Mary Clark. The ancestry of Richard Kenney Waldron has not been definitely 
determined, but it seems probable he is a descendant from Foulke Walderne. 
brother of Maj. Richard Walderne, famous in Dover history. That he has 
a double name given to him at his birth in 1719 is a notable fact, as not until 
more than a half century later did the fashion begin to give children double 
names. The given name of his father is not known, but it is supposed that 
his mother was daughter of Richard Kenney who married Deborah Stokes, 
Aug. 15, 1687, as shown by Dover records, who was a grandson of Thomas 
Canney, the immigrant who came to Dover in 1633. 

Richard Kenney Waldron was a farmer in Madbury when his son Isaac 
was born, but about 1760 removed to that part of Barrington called "Canaan." 
He was a soldier in Capt. (later Maj.) Samuel Hale's company of Dover 
men at the siege of Louisburg, 1745; soldier in Capt. Samuel Gerrish's com- 
pany of Col. Nathaniel Meserve's regiment in the "Crown Point Expedition," 
May I to Nov. i, 1756; a soldier on militia duty in Capt. John Cochrane's 
company at "Fort William and Mary," now Fort Constitution, Newcastle, 
July 6 to Sept. 28, 1771. He died at the home of his son Isaac, but the date 
of his death is not known. 

Col. Isaac Waldron's mother was Mary Clark, daughter of Abraham 
Clark and wife, Anna, who resided in Madbury. All traditions agree that she 
was a very able and most excellent woman. She was baptized by Rev. Jonathan 
Gushing, minister of the First Church in Dover, Jan. 17, 1742, together with 
her mother and sister Anna, her age not given. When her son Isaac became 
old enough to engage in business for himself he came to reside at the business 
center of the town, the neighborhood around the Congregational Church. 
About 1772 he married Sarah Boodey and commenced housekeeping where 



the old Waldron house stands. That house was buih soon after the close 
of the Revolution by Colonel Waldron, who had begun to flourish in business 
and had become one of the prominent men of the town. His first wife died 
July 8, 1799. In 1801 he married Tiazah Xoble, who died in 1841, a few 
months before he died. He and his wives are buried in the burial ground 
on the Waldron farm, in the rear of the house. His grandson, John H. 
W'aldron, son of John, born in 1807, died in 1892, always lived at the home- 
stead. He said his grandfather was a total abstainer from into.xicating drinks. 
The late Judge Jacob D. Young once told the writer that he remembered 
his great uncle. Colonel Waldron. He was a spare man, about medium 
height, and when I, a boy of sixteen knew him, he was very dignified and 
affable, then past ninety years. He could read without glasses as well as any- 
body and was very active mentally. 

The first public record of Colonel Waldron says he was surveyor of 
highways in 1777. He was selectman in 1779. and from then on up to 1820 
his name appears frequently in laiblic affairs. He ser\-ed twent}- years as Rep- 
resentative in the Legislature, nineteen years in succession, previous to 1816. 
His name appears among the signers of Barrington to the Association 
Test or 1776. He did not go to the war liut was an officer of the militia 
company of Barrington that trained the men who went to the war. At the 
organization of the militia in 1796, under the new constitution, he was major 
of the Second Battalion of the Twenty-fifth Regiment and continued as such 
until 1804. Lieutenant-colonel commandant (colonel) and held that commis- 
sion until 1816, when he was 58 years old. In 1814 he was colonel of tlie 
Fourth Regiment of Detached Militia, which marched to Portsmouth for the 
defense of that port against the expected attack by the British warships. 
Jeremiah Kingman of Barrington was sergeant-major on his staiT; Ichabod 
Bartlett, who later became the distinguished lawyer at Portsmouth, was 
quartennaster on the staff. Colonel Waldron had his regiment arrive at 
Portsmouth promptly on time at the call of Governor John Taylor Gilman. 
under date of Sept. 9, 1814. 

At Barrington from the close of the Revolution up to 1825, or about 
that date, Colonel Waldron kept store, tavern, antl cultivated a big farm, 
besides being engaged largely in public affairs. The late Robert B. Caverly, 
Esq., of Lowell, Mass., who was born in 1806, and knew Colonel Waldron 
well, said "he was endowed with sound common sense, force of character, 
honesty and practical good manners." 

Hon. Isaac Waldron of Portsmouth was Colonel Waldron's oldest son and 
was born Dec. 4, 1773, and died in Portsmouth, .\ug. i, 1843. He was 
graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1794. He began his business 


career in Portsmouth and became one of its most distinguished citizens and 
wealthiest merchants. He was many times Representative in the Legislature, 
and was member of the Governor's Council. From 1819 to 1831 he was 
president of the Portsmouth Bank; afterwards, until his death, president of 
the Commercial Bank; he was also director in various other corporations. 
He was a member of the North Church, and of St. John's Lodge of Free 
and Accepted Masons, which is the oldest ^Masonic lodge in New Hampshire. 
Hon. Samuel Hale was born in Portsmouth, Feb. 5, 1758; died in 
Barrington, April 29, 1828, aged 70 years. The son of Waj. Samuel Hale 
and Mary Wright, his wife, who was daughter of Capt. Thomas Wright of 
Portsmouth, one of the original proprietors of Barrington and for whom 
Major Hale named his second son. Major Hale was the second son of 
Samuel and Aphia Moody Hale, and was born in Newburgport, Mass., Aug. 
24, 1718, and graduated from Han-ard College in 1740. Soon after grad- 
uation he came to Dover (N. H.) and was school master there three years 
or more; when preparations began for the capture of Louisburg he raised a 
company of nearly a hundred men of which he was appointed captain ; he 
led his company at the capture of Strong Fort in 1745, and for his skill and 
bravery as a commander was promoted to major, which title he retained 
ever after. On his return to New Hampshire he did not return to Dover 
but commenced teaching in Portsmouth, where he received the offer to 
become master of a Latin grammar school then recently established in that 
town ; Major Hale remained master of that school nearly forty years, besides 
doing a lot of other important \\ ork. Many boys were prepared for college 
under his instruction, and it is said that not one of his pupils who offered 
themselves as candidates failed of admission to that institution. He had three 
sons who had more or less to do with the early history, Samuel, Thomas 
Wright, and William; he did not send them to Harvard College, but in his own 
school gave them as good an education as most of the college boys got, then 
bought a thousand acres of timber land in Barrington and set his boys to work 
to subdue the forest, develop the resources of the town and make a record for 
themselves; and they were successful in the trust that was placed in their 
possession by their generous parent. 

In 1 77 1 Major Flale was granted by King George the Third, through 
Governor John Wentworth, a tract of land adjoining the township of Con- 
way, containing over 1,200 acres, still known as "Hale's Location." The 
original charter which is preserved in the state archives at Concord gives 
as a reason for the grant "the due encouragement of settling and cultivating 
our lands within our Province-," — but it has always been understood by 


the family that the land was given as a reward for Major Hale's service to 
the Crown at Louisburg. As a matter of fact in the next century his grand- 
son and great-grand-son went to Conway and made that their home the rest 
of their lives. 

Major Hale represented Portsmouth in the Legislature for several years, 
and in his later years was judge of the court of common pleas for Rock- 
ingham county. 

Judge Samuel Hale was educated in his father's school at Portsmouth; 
after completing his school studies his father sent him to Dover to learn the 
business of tanner and currier with Mr. Kelley, who had a large tannery in 
the section of the town called Littleworth, in the neighborhood of the springs 
that bear the name "Kelley Springs." Having mastered that business, soon 
after 1780 he commenced to operate one of the tracts of land his father had 
purchased several years before, and the present Judge Hale house on the 
Province Road was built about 1784 by the assistance of Major Hale, except 
an addition that was put on by Judge Hale in the next century, when it was 
supposed his son Samuel would make Barrington his permanent residence. 
Of course the lumber business first occupied his time and attention ; but 
soon he opened a store, which he erected near his house, where he carried on 
general trade with all the townspeople, and his own employees, of whom he 
always had a big crew on hand. Soon his brother William came up from 
Portsmouth, a young man of twenty years, and became his assistant and 
finally his partner in the store business. The writer of this has one of their 
day books of 1784 which is interesting historical reading, but cannot be 
quoted here. Major Hale also gave to his son William 300 acres, part 
of the original purchase, which has come down to his descendants, intact, 
to the present time. Besides having a store Judge Hale had a tannery in the 
field at the south side of the barn where the road now runs, making use of 
the water of Midnight Brook which runs there from its source at the foot of 
"Mount Misery," which is west of the house and not far from it. 

William Hale, the younger son of Major Hale, remained in Barrington 
with brother Samuel until about 1797; he was united in marriage with Lydia 
Rollins, April 30, 1794, and their first two children were bom in the Judge 
Hale house, Thomas Wright, Feb. 9, 1795, and John, born Dec. 24, 1796. 
Their next child, Mary Ann, was bom in Dover, Nov. 11, 1798, so it appears 
he had removed to Dover at some date between December, 1 796, and Novem- 
ber, 1798. But his removal to Dover did not dissolve the partnership; it 
remained intact until Judge Hale's death in 1828. The firm name was "Sam- 
uel & William Hale," and they conducted an immense business for that period 
in New Hampshire history. They erected a big store on the east side of the 


Cochecho river at the south corner of the Washington street bridge, up to 
which they could bring their goods in boats from Portsmouth and unload 
them direct into the lower stor\' of the store. That store was continued by 
his son, the late William Hale, until purchased by the Cocheco Manufac- 
turing Company and the space used for the present No. i mill. 

After William removed to Dover, Samuel discontinued the store business 
in Barrington and substituted shipbuilding, having his yard on the gravelly 
knoll at the southeast of the barn, in recent years cut away by the new 
road from Province to Canaan road, so called. Judge Hale had plenty of ship 
timber right at hand, and good ship carpenters a-plenty. In that yard the 
ships were framed and fitted together; then taken apart and hauled to Dover 
Landing where the frame work was put together and properly covered and 
finished, ready for sea voyages. In all these ventures the Hale Brothers 
were successful, being careful, shrewd and energetic managers, and for years 
they increased their wealth "hand-over-fist," each having a handsome prop- 
erty; Samuel died in 1828, William in 1848. 

Judge Hale married first, in 1791, Mary Rollins. They had one son, 
Samuel, bom in Barrington, April 30, 1793; he graduated from Bowdoin 
College in 18 14, receiving the degree of A. B., also Harvard College con- 
ferred the degree upon him in 1818. For three or four years after graduation 
he remained at Barrington with his father, and an addition was made to the 
house at the northwest corner, for his special use. During the time he was in 
business with his father there, shipbuilding and in other ways, he was elected 
Representative in the Legislature, for two terms. But he soon after went 
to Portsmouth to supervise the mercantile business of his father and uncle 
which had branched out. At this time they had become extensive owners of 
wharf property in Boston — Long Wharf, as it was called, in particular. Later, 
in 1843, Mr. Hale became the agent of the Manufacturing Company at 
South Benvick, which position he held until his death in Rollinsford, Dec. 
19, 1869. He was a tall, large, fine-api^earing man like his father and 
grandfather, and a man of great business capacity. 

Judge Hale first appears in public affairs as one of the Selectmen of 
Barrington in 1789, when he was thirty-one years old; from that date on, for 
thirty years he had more or less to do with public affairs, and being popular 
with his townsmen he could have anything for the asking whenever he asked 
for it and his business might permit him to accept. So he was Representative 
to the General Court ; State Senator ; twice a Presidential Elector ; he held 
various military positions and in the war of 1812-1813 he was major-general 
of the Second Division of New Hampshire Militia. From 1813 to i8t6 


he was judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the Eastern Circuit of 
New Hampshire. 

Thomas Wright Hale, one of the three brothers, was settled by his father, 
the major, on a farm adjoining that of Judge Hale; his house was on the 
Canaan road, about a mile from Judge Hale's house, and the pathway be- 
tween them was through a grove of white oak trees, the finest the writer's 
eyes ever looked upon. These trees were cut down in i86j and hauled to 
Portsmouth Navy Yard and converted into ships that helped capture south- 
ern ports and finally subdue the great rebellion. Mr. Hale devoted his 
energies to good fanning, and took a hand in political affairs at March 
town meetings for many years. For twelve years he was Representative 
to the General Court ; but Mr. Hale's specialty was to serve as Moderator 
in town meetings, and his fellow citizens elected him to that office a great 
many times ; having a commanding presence and a still more commanding 
voice, he could rule the most stormy meetings and make himself heard above 
the most turbulent noise. His son, William Hale, who was born in 1791 
and inherited the homestead, was equally famous as Moderator in town 
meetings. His eldest son, Thomas Wright Hale, who was born in 1826, 
and died in 1910, was ecjually distinguished in this official business as his 
father and grandfather. For a hundred years the Hale family was one of 
the most noted in Barrington. For fifty years after his death in 1828, old 
residents in Barrington delighted to recall reminiscences of Judge Hale, what 
he said and what he did. 

Among the men who were born in Barrington in the nineteenth century 
and won fame elsewhere are Col. John W.' Kingman ; a graduate of Plarvard 
College; a student-at-law with Daniel M. Christie; and a son-in-law and law 
partner of the same. He won distinction in the Civil war as colonel of 
the Fifteenth New Hampshire Regiment. After the war he settled in Wyom- 
ing and won distinction as an attorney and judge. His son. Daniel Christie 
Kingman, is an officer of high ranlc in the regular army. 

Prof. Sylvester Waterhouse who graduated from Harvard College in 
1852, won nation-wide distinction; for a half-century he was professor 
of Greek in Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., being one of the best 
Greek scholars in the country. But outside of that delivered important 
scientific lectures which greatly aided in the development of various industries 
in the Northwest. 

Frank Jones won national and international fame as founder of the 
Frank Jones Brewery at Portsmouth. He was mayor of Portsmouth several 
terms and member of Congress two temis, president of the Boston & Maine 
Railroad for several years, and the promoter of many corporations which 


have been of wide benefit to the business interests of New Hampshire and 
other states. He was the founder of the great Wentworth Hotel at New- 
castle, and probabl}' did more for Portsmouth than any one man in the 
nineteenth century. 

The brothers Judge Jacob D. Young, Col. Andrew H. Young and Aaron 
Young, all born in Barrington, were men of marked ability, and were pleasant 
men to meet. Judge Young won fame as an able and just judge of Probate 
Court, which office he held for many years. Col. A. H. Young held important 
positions in the army during the Civil war, and after the war was collector 
of internal revenue for several years. During the closing years of his life 
he was a colonel in the regular army. The younger brother, Aaron, held 
various official positions under the Government for many years. Probably 
Barrington never produced three brothers who were their equal in successful 
political management. 

Charles A. Foss, who was born in Barrington in 1814, and resided all 
his lifetime on the ancient Foss homestead in the neighborhood of Locke's 
Mills, was a good citizen in every way, and a good farmer ; he did not 
neglect the political interests of the town, nor of his party. He was one of 
the delegates from his town that brought the Republican party into working 
shape in New Hampshire, and he remained its staunch supporter to the end of 
life. He was elected to the Legislature for 1855-56, and in 1875-76 he was 
elected one of Governor Cheeney's Council. For many years he served as 
Moderator in town meetings, in which he won fame second only to the Hale 
family. Mr. Foss was tall of stature and well-proportioned, with a voice that 
commanded attention from afar. He always enjoyed the confidence and 
respect of his fellow-citizens. 

RiTi'. Joseph Boody, Free Baptist, son of Zachariah Boody, was born in 
Barrington, May 16, 1752. Began to preach in 1780, and was ordained 
at North Strafford, Aug. 22. 1785, and was pastor of the church there until 
1813. During tlie time he did missionarj- work in Vermont and Canada, 
and organized Free Baptist churches there. He frecjuently preached in 
Barnstead and other towns around. His home was on a farm in Strafford, 
where he died Jan. 17, 1824. 

Rev. Hezekiah D. Brock. M. D., Free Baptist, was born in Barrington 
in 1 82 1. He was converted to the Free Will Baptist belief and commenced 
preaching when he was twenty years old; at Raymond he supplied the church 
two years; later he was ordained at Kannebunk and was minister there three 
years. He left the ministry in 1847 on account of lung trouble and studied 
medicine, receiving the degree of M. D. He died in Dover, N. H., Dec. 
.30, 1 85 1. 


Rev. Aaron Bvzzdl, Free Baptist, was born in Barrington in 1764. He 
was a farmer until he became converted to the Free Will Baptist belief, and 
commenced preaching when he was twenty-seven years old and was an itin- 
erant preacher, traveling from town to town in New Hampshire and Maine 
with his brother Rev. John Buzzell, seven years preceding 1808. He was 
ordained at New Durham, the birth-place of the Free Will Baptist Church, 
Oct. 18, 1798. His life work was that of an itinerant preacher. His home 
in later years was Strafford, Vt., where he died Oct. 21, 1854. He was great 
at "revivals" and the record says "preached with power." 

Rev. John Bitzzcll, Free Baptist, was born in Barrington in 1766. He 
was a farmer and school master until he was twenty-four years old ; at that 
age, in 1790, he was teaching school at New Durham — hearing Elder Benja- 
min Randall preach, he became a devout Free Will Baptist, and preached his 
first sennon in April, 1791, in Middleton, and was so successful and satisfac- 
tory to Elder Randall that he was ordained Oct. 25, 1792. He had a powerful 
voice and a graceful and persuasive style of speaking, and could argue a 
theological question to the finish. He was not a permanent minister long in 
any one church, but his work was an itinerant who was expert in organizing 
Free Will Baptist societies in New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine. He 
was largely instrumental in establishing the Parsonfield (Me.) Seminary. 
He was the first man who established an interchange of courtesies with the 
Baptists in England. He began publishing Free Will Baptist doctrine in 
181 1, after preaching it twenty years. In 1826 he was one of the founders 
of the Morning Star, the Free Will Baptist paper, which became a power 
for good, and for many years was published in Dover, N. H. The paper 
ceased to exist as a Morning Star in 1910, and became merged with the 
great Baptist paper. The Watchman. William Burr was the first editor 
and publisher. Elder Buzzell was one of the assistant editors for a quarter 
of a century. He died in Parsonsfield, Me., March 29, 1863, having reached 
very near to the century mark in his life journey. He deserved to be a D. D. 
Elder Buzzell was one of Barrington's most worthy productions. 

Rev. Nathaniel Critchett, Methodist, was bom in Barrington, Oct. 29, 
1 82 1. He was a farmer and business man until he was thirty years of age, 
but had been active in Sunday school work ten years. About 1850 he began 
preaching occasionally at places in Maine, and was admitted to the Maine 
General Conference "on trial" as a preacher in 1861 ; ordained deacon in 
1864; and elder by Bishop Ames at Lewiston, Me., May 13, 1866. Following 
that he held several two-year pastorates in Maine, then removed to Illinois, 
where he was a successful pastor until he retired in 1880. He died at 
Cheming, 111., May 12, 1890. 


Ephraim Holmes Hart, Free Baptist, son of Nathaniel M. and Betsey 
(Connel) Hart, was bom in Barrington, in the Captain Hunking garrison, 
June II, 1809. He was educated in the common schools and Strafford (now 
Austin-Cate) Academy, and was an instructor in the academy for a time. 
He was licensed to preach by the church in Strafiford May 3, 1838, and was 
ordained Dec. 2^, 1840, at Brownfield, Me. He served as pastor in various 
churches in Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts until 1873. His last 
pastorate was at Alton. He died in Lynn, Mass., Jan. 4, 1877. 

Rev. Alonso Hayes, Congregationalist, son of John Wingate and Mary 
(Hale) Hayes, was born in Barrington (at Green Hill), Aug. 22, 1810. 
Graduated from Dartmouth College in 1839. Teacher in Washington, D. C, 
1839-1840. Graduated from Andover Theological Seminary, 1842; ordained 
pastor of Congregational Church at West Bumstable, Mass., May 24, 1843, 
and remained seven years. He held other pastorates, and died July 15, 
1858, at Hall's Cross Roads, Alexandria, Va. 

Rev. {and Major) William Neal Meserve was born in Barrington, April 
9, 1840. Previous to the Civil war he was engaged in business in Boston. 
Near tlie beginning of the war he joined one of the Massachusetts regiments 
as captain ; for gallant service he was discharged at the end of the war, Major 
Meserve. In 1870 he received a strong religious impression, which he could 
not throw off, that he must become a minister; he studied for the ministry, 
was graduated at the Theological Institute of Connecticut in 1874. He was 
licensed to preach by the New London (Conn.) Association, April 8, 1873. 
Ordained an evangelist at Santa Cruz, Cal., Oct. 8, 1873. His sen'ices have 
been confined largely to places in California and Colorado. He is still engaged 
in the evangelistic work for the Congregationalists. 

Rev. {Elder) .Samuel Sherburn, Free Baptist, son of Gideon Sherinirn, 
was born in Barrington, Oct. 23, 1803, and always resided there, having 
inherited a valuable farm of 200 acres, but he was impressed to preach die 
Gospel from the Free Will Baptist point of view. He was a good scholar, 
good schoolmaster and interesting speaker. For thirty consecutive years he 
was teacher in winter district schools. His services were always in demand. 
He began to preacli when he was nineteen years old; Sept. 2, 1830, he was 
ordained and installed as pastor of the Free Will Baptist Church at South 
Barrington, and held the pastorate thirty years, preaching his last seniion 
Aug. 4, 1861; he died four days later, Aug. 8, 1861. Elder Sherburne was 
superintendent of schools in Barrington several years, and commissioner of 
schools for Strafiford county. He represented Barrington in the Legislature 
in 1842. It remains to be said that Elder Sherburne did not improve the 
ancestral farm. There is a tradition that he did not enjoy farm work. 


Rc'c'. Cynis Foss was born in Barrington in 1799. He went to Dover, 
New York, before he was of age, and became a teacher in Beekman, N. Y. 
He was Hcensed to preach when he was twenty-five years old, and was a 
circuit rider in the Goshen ( N. Y. ) district. Admitted to the New York 
conference in 1825; ordained deacon in 1827; elder in 1829. All of his 
appointments were in New Y'ork State beginning at Stamford in 1825. He 
was placed on the superannuated list in 1847, and died at Carmel, N. Y., Feb. 
28, 1849. 

Mr. Foss has a good record as minister, but his great fame rests in 
having a son, Cyrus David Foss, who was born at Ivingston, N. Y., Jan. 
17, 1834, and became one of the most distinguished bishops in the Methodist 
Episcopal church; perhaps that church never had a greater man for bishop. 
His brother, William Jerry Foss, was also a Methodist Episcopal minister 
of note. 

Barrington has certainly been the birth-place of many noble sons. As 
itinerant ministers the Buzzell brothers, Aaron and John, must be ranked as 
the greatest leaders in the evangelistic work done by natives of Barrington. 
They worked together many seasons. When it was announced that they 
were to hold meetings in a village the meeting-house would be packed at 
the beginning ; there would be something doing without delay. They always 
had full meetings as long as they stayed. They did a much-neetled work ; 
and they did it well. 


Barrington has various names for localities within its boundary. The 
Two-Mile Streak has already been explained. Green Hill is the highest ele- 
vation of land in the town; it contains excellent farming land and the views 
from its summit are very fine, extending miles in all directions. Mount 
Misen,', on the west side of the Judge Hale mansion, is remarkable in that, 
on the east side, for half a mile, it is a ledge almost perpendicular, presenting 
a very rugged appearance ; the Province road passes over its northern end, at a 
steep grade; the summit is quite level for a considerable space then slopes off 
gently to Nippo pond, a beautiful body of water on the border line between 
Barrington and Strafiford. Waldron's Hill is the eastern companion of Mount 
Misery, its southernmost summit — being called, in old times, Brown's hill. 
The fanns on it are excellent. It took its name from Col. Isaac Waldron 
and his family, who at one time were extensive owners. The Province 
road passes over this hill. This road took its name from the fact in Gov. 
John Wentworth's time, before the Revolution, the Provincial Assembly 


voted money to help build it from Durham to Barnstead, to encourage settle- 
ment in Barnstead and btyund. 

In the beginning of settlements in the town the settlers gave fancy names 
to localities in order to inform their friends out of town in what section they 
resided. Along the southwestern border is Ireland. France, Canaan, Bum- 
fagin, Wild Cat road. In the center is Hard Scrabble, Mellago, Smoke 
street; Ayers pond, Long pond and Round pond are in the northwest sec- 
tion. Stone House pond is also a noted locality, taking its name from the 
high ledge and cavern under it. 

A noted locality at the closing years of the eighteenth and the first half of 
the nineteenth century was known as Leathers City. It disappeared from the 
map many years ago. The immigrant Leathers family settled at Oyster river 
as early as 1677, and were very respectable people, except for one family 
which settled in Barrington a century later who by some bad intermarriages 
and too much use of rum produced the historic Barrington tribe whose spe- 
cialty was the manufacture of various kinds of baskets, which they carried to 
market in large hayracks, and took their wives and children with them as 
they journeyed through the villages and cities in Massachusetts. Some of 
the old women made a specialty of telling fortunes to such as wished to know 
the future before they arrived there. 

The story was prevalent in the middle of the nineteenth century that they 
were of gypsy origin. It was said that a gentleman emigrated from England 
to Portsmouth, N. H., about 1750, and brought with him several European 
gypsies and -endeavored to train them as household servants. He failed in 
the attempt and the gypsies left Portsmouth and settled on some rough land 
in Barrington. And from them sprang the basket makers of the nineteenth 
century, having a village of a few houses on a lonesome road that led north 
from the so-called Wild Cat road. The late Dr. A. H. Quint studied that 
question carefully, and in an article published in the Dover (N. H.) Enquirer, 
showed conclusively that the Barrington Leathers family were from Eben- 
ezer and Benjamin who went there after 1771. One of these had six dis- 
tinguished sons, who married as follows ; Ebenezer Leathers and Eleanor 
Morse, March 25, 1777. Benjamin Leathers and Sarah Place, Oct. 8, 1789. 
Thomas Leathers and Lydia Surgeant of Northfield, July i, 1795. Edward 
Leathers and Anna Leathers, Oct. 25, 1798. Jonathan Leathers and Betty 
Giles, March 23, 1801. William Leathers and Thankful Arnold, Sept. 12, 
1802. Valentine Leathers and Sarah Starbord, Sept. 10, 1803. Daniel 
Whitehouse and Polly Leathers, March 24, 1803. Ebenezer Leathers and 
Huldah Sawyer, May 14, 1804. These and their children are the persons 


who gave Barrington this fame afar. They made first rate baskets and 
spread their fame in their travels to sell the products of their labor. 

Ebenezer, who married May 14, 1804, Huldah Sawyer, was unfortunately 
implicated with his son Ebenezer and brother Robert Leathers in an affray 
in front of their own house, June 25, 1847, which resulted in the death of 
Ebenezer's brother Steven. For this at a trial Jan. 22, 1848, the three were 
convicted of manslaughter, and sentenced, each, to three days solitary confine- 
ment, and Ebenezer, Sr., to ten years in state prison, and Ebenezer, Jr., and 
Robert, each to twenty years. The old man was soon pardoned out, Eben- 
ezer, Jr., died in prison in January, 1854, aged 45. After this affair all the 
others in the village made haste to have their names changed, by act of 
the Legislature, so for many years now there has not been a person in Bar- 
rington bearing the name of Leathers. And they gave up basket making with 
the name. Leathers City ceased to exist. Complete records would give most 
interesting testimony as to the potency of a particular streak of bad blood. 



Strafford was set off from Barrington by an act of the Legislature passed 
in June, 1820. The old town was twelve miles long by six and a half miles 
wide. The General Court cut in halves, and called the northern half Straf- 
ford, from the name of the county, which had been named by Governor 
Wentworth in honor of the Earl of Strafford in Old England, whose sur- 
name was Wentworth. So the town is about six miles scjuare, and it is 
divided into two sections of about equal area, by the Blue Hills, known on 
the old maps as "Parker's Mountain," because it fell by lot to a Mr. Parker 
of Portsmouth when Barrington was first distributed among the tax payers 
of that town about one hundred and ninety years ago. Mr. Parker's lot 
was not very valuable for farming purposes, but from its summit can be 
seen some of the most beautiful and grand views that New Hampshire affords ; 
and in turn it is one of the most conspicuous and beautiful landmarks in 
Southern New Hampshire. From year to year, previous to 1820, there had 
been a demand for a division of the town of Barrington as the residents in 
the northern half objected to travelling from six to ten miles to attend town 
meetings, which were always held in the neighborhood of Gate's Garrison, in 
the Two-Mile-Streak. This part of the old town did not begin to be settled 
until the Revolutionary war began, but after the war its land was rapidly 

It is said that since days of the judges in Irsael, when "every man did 
that which was right in his own eyes ;" or since the days of Homer, when in a 
council of war, any private soldier had a right to rise and express his opinion 
as well as the general, six square miles of the surface of the earth occupied 
by civilized man, never exhibited social conditions more completely demo- 
cratic, freer from distinctions of class or rank than the space occupied by the 
town of Strafford set forth froin the beginning of its settlement. There 
was absolutely no aristocracy and no proletariat — no man who did not meet 
his neighbor on equal terms. The owner of a field worked side bv side with 



the man he hired, and usually said he did not want any man to do more 
work in a day than he did himself. Arcadia in idyllic simplicity was here 

The first annual town election was in March, 182 1. William Foss, (3d) 
was elected town clerk. Tobias Roberts, Joseph Huckins and Paul Perkins 
were selectmen. Azariah \\'aldron was representative to the General Court. 
There are four roads e.xtending through the tonn in a northeasterly and a 
southwesterly direction, nearly parallel to each other — tb.e Pro\ince road, 
the Ridge Road and the Crown Point road being local names for three of 
them. The town house was located on the Ridge road about a mile below 
Blue Hill, .as being most convenient for all sections, the dwellers "above the 
Hills" objecting to having it anywhere else. 

In the original plan of the old town of Barrington the land was divided 
into lots that were numbered up to 2~'j. that Ijeing the number of the tax 
payers in Portsmouth. At each mile was a "range,'" and in laying off the 
lots, when they came to a pond, as Ayers' Pond, numbered its acres and led 
the lot in course beyond it. Bow Pond and Commons numbered 960 acres. 
So no tax payer drew a pond as his lot, but it was different as to mountains. 
Mr. Thomas Parker of Portsmouth drew lot 149, containing 648 acres, and 
when he came up to inspect his award he found a beautiful, high but very 
rough hill ("Blue Hill") ; hence the map makers called it Parker Mountain. 
Mr. Parker never resitled there. l)ut his name will abide forever. 

As has been remarked the citizens were all on an equality at the start; this 
resulted in raising up some of the most strenuous politicians any town in 
the state possessed. The town meetings were always fully attended, as soon 
as they got the new town house built. No one being boss, each ambitious 
man felt that he had a right to be candidate for any office he fancied ; and 
they did not raise bashful men in Strafiford ; when a man wanted an office he 
made bold to tell his fellow citizens what his special wish was. During the 
Civil War the political situation became so hot that a division of the town 
was asked for, the Blue Hills to be the dividing line ; but the Legislature 
wisely refused to make the division. Perhaps the best man did not win 
ever)' time, or to express it in another way the man who was defeated was 
generally as good as the winner, the party lines being tightly drawn. Be 
that as it may, the following is the list of winners in the first fifty years, 
1820-1870; which party they belonged to the historian cannot say; but for 
many years the town was always counted on as sure to go Democratic. 

Representatives: 1821, Azariah Waldron; 1822, Job Otis, Tobias 
Roberts; 1823, Andrew Leighton, Job Otis; 1822, Tobias Roberts, Azariah 
Waldron; 1825, Tobias Roberts, and no choice for second; 1826 and 1827 


there was no clioice, the contests being fearfully hot; 1828, Job Otis, Banning 
\V. Jenness; 1829, Benning \^^ Jenness, Amos Tabl>ett: 1830, John Perkins, 
Elisha Parker: 1831. the same; 1832, John Perkins, Israel Hall; 1833, Israel 
Hall, William Tarker; 1834, W'm. Tasker, Daniel W'inkley; 1835, Daniel 
Winkley, Hudson Peavey; 1836, Hudson Peavey; 1837, no choice; 1838, 
Samuel P. Montgomery, Joshua Woodman; 1839, the same; 1840, Paul 
Perkins, Elisha Weeks; 1841. Paul Perkins, James B. Foss; 1842, James B. 
Foss, Wm. Berry; 1843, Stephen Young. Andrew D. Leighton; 1844, the 
same; 1845, Charles Caverly, Eliphalit Foss; 1846, the same; 1847, Benjamin 

E. Woodman, Benjamin T. Foss; 1848, the same; 1849, John Huckins, John 
Saunders; 1850, Stephen Leighton, Nathaniel- Locke; 1851, John Huckins, 
John Saunders; 1852, Joshua Roberts, Nathaniel Brock; 1853, Jacob Drew, 
Ezra Drown; 1854, Jacob Drew, John Peavey: 1855, Andrew J. Otis, Joseph 
A. Clough ; 1856, Aaron W'. Foss, Dennis Babb; 1857, Aaron W. Foss, Thomas 
Scranton; 1858, Hezekiah Berry, John K. Evans; 1859, John C. Huckins, 
David R. Montgomery; i860, Isaiah D. Edgerly, Daniel J. Holmes; 1861, 
Joshua Otis, Chas. F. Montgomery; 1862, John W. Jewell, Cyrus W^ingate; 
1863, George C. Pinkham, Paul Perkins; 1864. James Tuttle. Robert W. 
Foss; 1865, Nehemiah C. Twombly, Rufus Hall; 1866, Durban D. Caswell, 
Warren H. Perkins; 1867, Thomas Berry, Azariah Foss; 1868, Jeremiah 

F. Hanscom, Samuel Larkin; 1869, Daniel J. Holmes; 1870, Cotton H. Foss, 
Jeremiah Tasker. 

Town Clerks: 1820-24. Wm. Foss (3d); 1824-28, George W. Foss; 
1828-33, Enoch Place; 1833-35, Samuel P. Montgomery; 1835-37, David K. 
Montgomery: 1837-38, Enoch Place; 1838-47. Benjamin E. Woodman; 
1847-49, Wm. Strachm; 1849-51, David K. Montgomery; 1851-54, Joseph A. 
Clough; 1854, Demeritt Place; 1855, Alfred Tasker; 1856, Charles F. 
Montgomery: 1857-59, Mark K. Foss; 1860-62, Richard W^ Foss; 1863-65, 
Mark Foss; 1866, John S. Foss; 1867-68, Lafayette Chesley; 1869, Mark K. 
Foss; 1870-71, W^m. C. Foss. 

Selectmen: 1821, Tobias Roberts, Joseph Huckins, Paul Perkins; 1822, 
Joseph Huckins, Joshua, Otis, Azariah Waldron; 1823, Joshua Otis, Elisha 
Tasker, Thomas Chick; 1824, the same; 1825, the same; 1826, Joseph Huckins, 
James Demerrett, William Tasker; 1827, the same; 1828, Joshua Otis, Elisha 
Tasker, John Perkins; 1829, the same; 1830, Tobias Roberts, Isaiah Hall, Jr., 
James B. Foss; 1831, the same; 1832, Daniel W^inkley, Joshua Wingate, Wm. 
Tasker; 1833, Daniel Winkley. Barbar Gray, Joshua Woodman; 1834, Joshua 
W^oodman, James B. Foss, Barbar Gray; 1835, James B. Foss, John Wingate, 
Charles Caverly; 1836, Charles Caverly, Joshua Otis, Israel Hall, Jr.; 1837, 
Dennis Babb, Joseph Caverly, David K. Montgomery: 1838, Dennis Babb. 



Elisha Tasker, David K. Montgomery; 1839, Elisha Tasker, Stephen Young, 
Daniel Winkley; 1840, Stephen Young, Daniel Winkley, B. W. Jenness; 
184/, Andrew D. Leighton, Eliphalit Foss, Wm. Holmes; 1842, the same; 
1843, George W. Cavemo, S. P. Montgomery, Israel Foss, Jr. ; 1844, the same ; 
1845, Samuel Durgin, Jr., John Huckins, John H. Scott; 1846, John Saunders, 
Wm. Tasker, Thomas Scruton; 1847, the same; 1848. Stephen Leighton, 
Stephen Young, Rufus Hall; 1849, Wm. L. Hill, Joshua Roberts, Warren 
Foss; 1850, Jacob Drew, Rufus Hall, Thomas Berry; 1851. Jacob Drew, 
Thomas Berry, John Evans; 1852, Cornelius Caswell, Lewis Stiles, John L. 
Swain; 1853, the same; 1854, Wm. Foss, Jr., John S. Young, Jehoah Tuttle; 
1855, Benjamin T. Berry, Caleb Hanson, Ebenezer F. Hanson; 1836, Ezra 
Drown, Dennis F. Babb, Thomas Caswell; 1857, Micajah S. Hanscom, Thomas 
Caswell, Azariah Foss ; 1858, M. S. Hanscom, Azariah Foss, John J. Leighton ; 
1859. John Leighton, Paul Perkins, Joshua Otis; i860, Abram S. Clark, 
Joshua Otis, James Tuttle; 1861, Paul Perkins, James Tuttle, Durban D. 
Caswell; 1862, Paul Perkins, D. B. Caswell, Jeremiah S. Winkley; 1863, 
Jacob B. Smith, Stephen Leighton, Joseph A. Whitcher ; 1864, the same; 1865, 
Jacob B. Smith, Aaron W. Foss, Jeremiah F. Hanscom; 1866, J. W. Foss, 

A. F. Hanscom, Asa H. Tuttle; 1867, Joshua Otis, Asa H. Tuttle, Lyman 
Foss; 1868, Paul Perkins, L. W. Foss, John O. Bordy; 1869, Robert B. 
Peavey, Warren Foye, George N. Foss; 1870, the same. 

The first delegates to the Constitutional Convention to revise the Con- 
stitution of New Hampshire were Benning W. Jenness, Samuel P. Mont- 
gomery. The delegates for revision, in 1876, were Aaron W. Foss, Jacolj 

B. Smith. 

From the town records we find that Job Otis, Azariah \\'aldron. Tobias 
Roberts, by act of the Legislature of New Hampshire, were authorized to call 
the first town-meeting. 

In 1827, at a special meeting called for the purpose, it was voted "that no 
ardent spirit be sold within one-half mile of the place of the town meeting." 
Also the following is from the records : 

"Strafford, March i, 1823. 
"This may certify that we the subscribers selectmen approve of George W. 
Foss to be a suitable person to sell and mix spiritous licjuors such as rum, wine, 
brandy, gin for two days at the Ridge Meeting-House on the nth and 12th 
days of March inst. 

"Joshua Otis, 
"Azariah Waldron. 
"Joseph Huckins. 
"Selectmen of Strafford. 
"A true copy of record 

"William Foss, 3d, Tozvn clerk." 



The Free Will Baptist church was established at four localities in what is 
now Strafford ; these places were known as Crown Point, The Ridge. The Pond 
and Snacket}-. That at Crown Point ( Strafford Corner) was organized in 
August, 1779, by the Rev. Edward Lock, who was connected witli the Calvin 
Baptist church of Berwick, Me. He held a revival there and the church was 
organized of about forty members. Rev. Tozier Lord and Re\'. Benjamin 
Randall was then a member in good standing in the Baptist church at Berwick, 
the work of organization and Mr. Lord was chosen the first pastor. Mr. 
Randall was then a member in good standing in the Baptist church at Berwick, 
and had been a preacher about three years, but had not started the movement to 
organize a new denomination. In March 1 780, he left the church at Berwick 
and joined this new one at Crown Point in Barrington. Mr. Randall had 
settled his family on New Durham Ridge, where he had purchased thirty acres 
of land in March 1778 and was doing itinerant work in preaching in various 
towns around, but it was not until April 5, 1780, a month after he joined the 
Crown Point church that he was formally ordained as an evangelist by Re\'. 
Tozier Lord and Edward Lock. And on Saturday, June 30, 1780, a meet- 
ing was appointed for the organization of the church at New Durham, 
where Mr. Randall resided and which is generally regarded as the First Free 
Will Baptist church in America. But in fact the church at Crown Point, 
of which Mr. Randall was a member when he organized the "Mother Church" 
at New Durham Ridge, was the first Free Will Baptist church, although that 
name had not lieen formally assumed. The Rev. Edward Lock who organ- 
ized the Crown Point church, had been a member of the Calvin Baptist 
church at Gilmanton, had been disfellowshipped for declaring he had no 
sympathy with Calvinistic election, nor with close communion, so he organ- 
ized the Crown Point church as an independent body of Christians. The 
Rev. Tozier Lord was one of the council at Gilmanton that disfellowshipped 
Mr. Lock, and he said at the council meeting: "If you withdraw fellowship 



from Mr. Lock you do also from me, for I am of the same belief." So 
when Mr. Lock had organized this independent church at Crown Point he 
very naturally recommended Mr. Lord for their minister, and the recom- 
mendation was approved, and Mr. Lord became the first settler-minister. 
Mr. Lock was then minister of a Baptist church in Canterbury. As Mr. 
Randall was a member of this church when he was ordained to the ministry, 
the church very naturally followed his lead when he became a full fledged 
"Free Wilier," and it has remained ever faithful and efficient in maintaining 
the ancient faith proclaimed by Mr. Randall. Of course there have been 
occasional reverses, but its life has been continuous one hundred and thirty- 
four years ( 1913). At the beginning Mr. Randall had to visit the brethren and 
set them aright on certain theological points which he had carefully and 
prayerfully studied out, and get the church machinery into gear with the 
established routine of Free Will Baptist work. 

Among the laymen of this church there were men of marked ability, one 
of whom was the Hon. Job Otis. It has sent out men who have become 
eminent as members in Free Will Baptist churches, and as leaders in the 
business world. It is said that the first persons baptized by immersion in 
the town of Strafford were Ralph Hall and Miss Abigial Daniels : he was 
an aged man and she a young woman. The names of the ministers of this 
church for the first hundred years were as follows: Elders, Tozier Lord, 1779- 
1781 ; Benjamin Randall, associated with Micajah Otis from 1783 to 1821 ; 
Enoch Place, till 1853; D. L. Edgerley, till 1857; A. R. Bradbury, till 1858; 
E. Place, till 1861 ; N. C. Twombly, till 1863; B. Van Dame, till 1865; B. B. 
Smith, till 1868; William T. Smith, till 1869; N. C. Lothrop, till 1873; Ezra 
Tuttle, till 1874; S. N. Brooks, till 1876; C. C. Foster, till 1878; E. Tuttle, 
till 1882. 

There are four parallel roads about equally distant apart extending north 
and south -through the town ; there are a few crossroads, along the si.x miles, 
which connected these main thoroughfares; they were awful rough roads, 
passing over very steep hills ; very naturally the people travelled on them as 
little as possible ; the result was that the church-loving people built four meet- 
ing houses and organized four Free Will Baptist churches. Crown Point, 
the Ridge, Bow Pond and North Strafford. The good people could attend 
meetings, then without travelling on a single crossroad, on which scarcely 
any one lived. 

The church at Crown Point was first, as already stated ; the second was 
organized in the summer of 1781. at North Strafford (local name Snackerty), 
with Elder Joseph Boody as minister; he was a native of Barrington and at 
this time was 29 years old. He was one of the converts in the revival which 


swept his native town under Elder Randall, preaching; he was one of the 
seventy who organized this church and began preaching, but he was not 
ordained until August 24, 1785. His ordination was to the office of Ruling 
Elder; remained minister of the church thirty years. Mr. Boody was a tall, 
dignified appearing man; he had a powerful voice and a pleasing and at- 
tractive manner in using it in his sermons and addresses; his keen wit, severe 
sarcasm and fearless independence, rendered him a successful antagonist 
in theology and also in politics. He was a great revi\al preacher, and was 
often engaged in evangelistic work with Elder Randall. When they con- 
fronted a crowd of sinners, his Satanic Majesty made haste to retreat. Be- 
side attending to the religious wants of his home church Elder Boody travelled 
and ])reached exten^i\ely in \'ernu)nt and Canada. He died in 1S24, l)ut 
his usefulness as a minister ceased when he was a little past three score vears 
old. This church still lives. 

The Third Free Will Baptist church was organized in iHn): the residents 
on the Ridge get weary of travelling over the rough and exceeding hilly cross- 
road to attend meetings at Crown Point, so, January 20, that year, a re(|uest 
was made by the people of Strafiford Ridge to the New Durham Quarterly 
Meeting for a separation and for the organizing of a separate church at that 
place, not because of any difficulty among them as to divisions or disputes, 
but for convenience and better accommodations. This recjuest was granted, 
and Elders Place, Merrill, and Peavey were appointed a committee to meet 
the people at the Ridge on the first Saturday in February, 1819, to acknowl- 
edge them the Third Church and to assist them in organizing. 

The meeting was organized on the above date by choosing Rev. Enoch 
Place moderator, and Rev. J. L. Peavey clerk. (From the records.) "Now 
w lien the brethren had gathered together at the schoolhouse on the Ridge, on 
the 1st Saturday in February, 1819, agreeable to appointment, they came to 
the following conclusion by the Grace of God. 

"We, whose names are hereafter subscribed, lia\ing gi\en ourselves unto 
the Lord, do give ourselves to one another in the Lord, by the will of God, 
considering ourselves a church of Christ, intending to watch over one another 
in love, striving together for the things which make for peace and things 
whereby we may edify one another. Owning the Scriptures to be our rule 
of faith and practice and all the saints of God our l)rethren, we intend to 
comfort ourselves in the Lord together and edify one another even as also 
we do. And to know them which labor among us and are over us in the 
Lord and admonish, and to esteem them very highly for their work's sake and 
be at peace among ourselves. To warn them that are unruly, comfort the 
feeble-minded, support the weak, be patient to all men. To render not evil 


for evil to any man, but ever follow that which is good, both among ourselves 
and to all men, praying the God of love and peace to aid us in all our journey 
from this to the eternal world, and preserve us blameless, soul, body, and 
spirit unto his heavenly kingdom." 

Ebenezer Kelley, John Winkley, John B. Foss, Jr., Jerusha Foss, Timothy 
Foss, George Foss, Jr., Joshua Foss, Jr., Joseph Hill, William Foss (3d), 
Richard B. Foss, Joseph Huckins, Samuel Kelley, James Foss (4th), Mechech 
Drew, Simon Foss, Moses Sawyer, Joshua Foss (4th), Joseph Roberts, James 
Tuttle, John Tuttle, Woodbury Foss, James C. Gate, James Tuttle (3d), John 
Rowe, Sarah Foss, Mary Huckins, Hannah Huckins, Elizabeth Foss, Eleanor 
Muncy, Alice Foss, Eliza Foss, Elizabeth Foss, Sarah Foss, Alice Foss, Abi- 
gail Foss, Hannah Foss, Abigail Foss, Sarah Foss, Priscilla Foss, Mary 
Caverly, Anna Drew, Sarah Drew, Mary Drew, Jane Foss, Mary Huntress, 
Hannah Foss, Sarah Foss, Amy Foss, Abigail Foss, Sarah Foss, Judith A. 
Shepherd, Sally Shepherd, Eliza Shepherd, Sally Hill, Polly Hill, Katherine 
Hill, Susan Hodgdon, Betsey Peary, Sally Foss, Betsey Foss, Betsey Daniels, 
Elizabeth Brown, Olive Twombly, Anna Drew, Deborah Kelly, Sarah Tuttler, 
Sally Tuttle, Esther Tuttel, Polly Hall, Rhoda Clark, Alice Clark, Sarah 
Rowe, Mary Smith, Lydia Smith, Sarah Smith. 

Following is a list of the Elders who ministered spiritual food to its people 
during the sixty years following the organization of the church ; it is now 
one of flourishing and strong churches of the denomination ; the date of set- 
tlement was, Enoch Place, 18 19; Ammi R. Bradbury, 1855; Arthur Caverno, 
1858; D. P. Harriman, 1859; Uriah Chase, 1865; I. M. Bedell, 1866; Caleb 
C. Foster, 1872; C. E. Handy, 1873; S. C. Kimball, 1875: L. H. Winslow, 

During the thirty-six years' pastorate of the Rev. Enoch Place he preached 
but one-half of the time, two Sabbaths per month; the other Sabbaths the